Powered by Deep Web Technologies
Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotating shadowband radiometers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Ocean Aerosols: The Marine Fast-Rotating Shadow-Band Radiometer Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Ocean Aerosols: The Marine Fast-Rotating Ocean Aerosols: The Marine Fast-Rotating Shadow-Band Radiometer Network M. A. Miller, R. M. Reynolds, and J. J. Bartholomew Brookhaven National Laboratory Upton, New York Introduction A network of ship-mounted marine fast-rotating shadow-band radiometers (FRSRs) and broadband radiometers have been deployed over the fast four years on several backbone ships, funded jointly by Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) and National Aeronautic and Space Administration's (NASA's) Sensor Intercomparison and Merger for Biological and Interdisciplinary Studies (SIMBIOS). These radiometers operate continuously and automatically during daylight hours. There fundamental measurements made by the FRSRs in the network are the direct-normal irradiance

2

Rotating Shadowband Spectroradiometer (RSS) Handbook  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The rotating shawdowband spectroradiometer (RSS) implements the same automated shadowbanding technique used by the multifilter rotating shadowband radiometer (MFRSR), and so it too provides spectrally-resolved, direct-normal, diffuse-horizontal, and total-horizontal irradiances, and can be calibrated in situ via Langley regression. The irradiance spectra are measured simultaneously at all spectral elements (pixels) in 360-nm to 1050-nm range.

Kiedron, P; Schlemmer, J; Klassen, M

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Comparison of Historical Satellite-Based Estimates of Solar Radiation Resources with Recent Rotating Shadowband Radiometer Measurements: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The availability of rotating shadow band radiometer measurement data at several new stations provides an opportunity to compare historical satellite-based estimates of solar resources with measurements. We compare mean monthly daily total (MMDT) solar radiation data from eight years of NSRDB and 22 years of NASA hourly global horizontal and direct beam solar estimates with measured data from three stations, collected after the end of the available resource estimates.

Myers, D. R.

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Failure and Redemption of Multifilter Rotating Shadowband Radiometer (MFRSR)/Normal Incidence Multifilter Radiometer (NIMFR) Cloud Screening: Contrasting Algorithm Performance at Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) North Slope of Alaska (NSA) and Southern Great Plains (SGP) Sites  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Well-known cloud-screening algorithms, which are designed to remove cloud-contaminated aerosol optical depths (AOD) from AOD measurements, have shown great performance at many middle-to-low latitude sites around the world. However, they may occasionally fail under challenging observational conditions, such as when the sun is low (near the horizon) or when optically thin clouds with small spatial inhomogeneity occur. Such conditions have been observed quite frequently at the high-latitude Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) North Slope of Alaska (NSA) sites. A slightly modified cloud-screening version of the standard algorithm is proposed here with a focus on the ARM-supported Multifilter Rotating Shadowband Radiometer (MFRSR) and Normal Incidence Multifilter Radiometer (NIMFR) data. The modified version uses approximately the same techniques as the standard algorithm, but it additionally examines the magnitude of the slant-path line of sight transmittance and eliminates points when the observed magnitude is below a specified threshold. Substantial improvement of the multi-year (1999-2012) aerosol product (AOD and its Angstrom exponent) is shown for the NSA sites when the modified version is applied. Moreover, this version reproduces the AOD product at the ARM Southern Great Plains (SGP) site, which was originally generated by the standard cloud-screening algorithms. The proposed minor modification is easy to implement and its application to existing and future cloud-screening algorithms can be particularly beneficial for challenging observational conditions.

Kassianov, Evgueni I.; Flynn, Connor J.; Koontz, Annette S.; Sivaraman, Chitra; Barnard, James C.

2013-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

5

Retrieval of Optical And Size Parameters of Aerosols Utilizing a Multi-Filter Rotating Shadowband Radiometer and Inter-Comparison with CIMEL Sun Photometer and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Radiometer and Inter-Comparison with CIMEL Sun Photometer and MICROTOPS Sun Photometer Antonio Aguirre Radiometer (MFRSR) and comparing with data from a CIMEL Sun Photometer and a MICROTOPS Sun Photometer. Using the inverse cosine of the angle between the sun and the vertical. A Langley plot provides a linear regression

6

ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents: Rotating Shadowband  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Rotating Shadowband Spectroradiometer (RSS) at SGP: Performance, Data Rotating Shadowband Spectroradiometer (RSS) at SGP: Performance, Data Processing, and Value-Added Products Kiedron, Piotr State University of New York Albany Schlemmer, Jim The first ARM owned RSS was deployed at SGP central site in May 2003. This RSS provides direct-normal, diffuse-horizontal andtotal-horizontal components of irradiance at 1001 pixels in 360nm-1050nm spectral range every minute between dawn and dusk. The instrument operated continuously since the deployment date. At first bi-weekly radiometric calibrations were instituted and upon the discovery of significant responsivity drift this rigorous calibration schedule was continued till present. However the rate of change was steadily decreasing. By September 2004 the drift was less than 1% per month. Within three month from deployment date a slight

7

Design of a Shadowband Spectral Radiometer for the Retrieval of Thin Cloud Optical Depth, Liquid Water Path, and the Effective Radius  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The design and operation of a Thin-Cloud Rotating Shadowband Radiometer (TCRSR) described here was used to measure the radiative intensity of the solar aureole and enable the simultaneous retrieval of cloud optical depth, drop effective radius, and liquid water path. The instrument consists of photodiode sensors positioned beneath two narrow metal bands that occult the sun by moving alternately from horizon to horizon. Measurements from the narrowband 415-nm channel were used to demonstrate a retrieval of the cloud properties of interest. With the proven operation of the relatively inexpensive TCRSR instrument, its usefulness for retrieving aerosol properties under cloud-free skies and for ship-based observations is discussed.

Bartholomew M. J.; Reynolds, R. M.; Vogelmann, A. M.; Min, Q.; Edwards, R.; Smith, S.

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Solar Resource & Meteorological Assessment Project (SOLRMAP): Rotating Shadowband Radiometer (RSR); Kalaeloa Oahu, Hawaii (Data)  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

The U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory collaborates with the solar industry to establish high quality solar and meteorological measurements. This Solar Resource and Meteorological Assessment Project (SOLRMAP) provides high quality measurements to support deployment of power projects in the United States. The no-funds-exchanged collaboration brings NREL solar resource assessment expertise together with industry needs for measurements. The end result is high quality data sets to support the financing, design, and monitoring of large scale solar power projects for industry in addition to research-quality data for NREL model development. NREL provides consultation for instrumentation and station deployment, along with instrument calibrations, data acquisition, quality assessment, data distribution, and summary reports. Industry participants provide equipment, infrastructure, and station maintenance.

Wilcox, S.; Andreas, A.

9

Solar Resource & Meteorological Assessment Project (SOLRMAP): Rotating Shadowband Radiometer (RSR); La Ola Lanai, Hawaii (Data)  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

The U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory collaborates with the solar industry to establish high quality solar and meteorological measurements. This Solar Resource and Meteorological Assessment Project (SOLRMAP) provides high quality measurements to support deployment of power projects in the United States. The no-funds-exchanged collaboration brings NREL solar resource assessment expertise together with industry needs for measurements. The end result is high quality data sets to support the financing, design, and monitoring of large scale solar power projects for industry in addition to research-quality data for NREL model development. NREL provides consultation for instrumentation and station deployment, along with instrument calibrations, data acquisition, quality assessment, data distribution, and summary reports. Industry participants provide equipment, infrastructure, and station maintenance.

Wilcox, S.; Andreas, A.

10

NREL Vehicle Testing and Integration Facility (VTIF): Rotating Shadowband Radiometer (RSR); Golden, Colorado (Data)  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

This measurement station at NREL's Vehicle Testing and Integration Facility (VTIF) monitors global horizontal, direct normal, and diffuse horizontal irradiance to define the amount of solar energy that hits this particular location. The solar measurement instrumentation is also accompanied by meteorological monitoring equipment.

Lustbader, J.; Andreas, A.

11

Sacramento Municipal Utility District (SMUD): Rotating Shadowband Radiometer (RSR); Anatolia - Rancho Cordova, California (Data)  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

A partnership with industry and U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to collect solar data to support future solar power generation in the United States. The measurement station monitors global horizontal, direct normal, and diffuse horizontal irradiance to define the amount of solar energy that hits this particular location. The solar measurement instrumentation is also accompanied by meteorological monitoring equipment to provide scientists with a complete picture of the solar power possibilities.

Maxey, C.; Andreas, A.

12

Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Rotating Shadowband Radiometer (RSR); Oak Ridge, Tennessee (Data)  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

This measurement station monitors global horizontal, direct normal, and diffuse horizontal irradiance to define the amount of solar energy that hits this particular location.

Maxey, C.; Andreas, A.

13

Evaluation of Radiometers Deployed at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's Solar Radiation Research Laboratory  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study analyzes the performance of various commercially available radiometers used for measuring global horizontal irradiances and direct normal irradiances. These include pyranometers, pyrheliometers, rotating shadowband radiometers, and a pyranometer with fixed internal shading and are all deployed at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's Solar Radiation Research Laboratory. Data from 32 global horizontal irradiance and 19 direct normal irradiance radiometers are presented. The radiometers in this study were deployed for one year (from April 1, 2011, through March 31, 2012) and compared to measurements from radiometers with the lowest values of estimated measurement uncertainties for producing reference global horizontal irradiances and direct normal irradiances.

Habte, A.; Wilcox, S.; Stoffel, T.

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Solar Resource and Meteorological Assessment Project (SOLRMAP): Rotating Shadowband Radiometer (RSR); Escalante Tri-State - Prewitt, New Mexico (Data)  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

The U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory collaborates with the solar industry to establish high quality solar and meteorological measurements. This Solar Resource and Meteorological Assessment Project (SOLRMAP) provides high quality measurements to support deployment of power projects in the United States. The no-funds-exchanged collaboration brings NREL solar resource assessment expertise together with industry needs for measurements. The end result is high quality data sets to support the financing, design, and monitoring of large scale solar power projects for industry in addition to research-quality data for NREL model development. NREL provides consultation for instrumentation and station deployment, along with instrument calibrations, data acquisition, quality assessment, data distribution, and summary reports. Industry participants provide equipment, infrastructure, and station maintenance.

Wilcox, S.; Andreas, A.

15

Evaluating Solar Resource Data Obtained from Multiple Radiometers Deployed at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Solar radiation resource measurements from radiometers are used to predict and evaluate the performance of photovoltaic and concentrating solar power systems, validate satellite-based models for estimating solar resources, and advance research in solar forecasting and climate change. This study analyzes the performance of various commercially available radiometers used for measuring global horizontal irradiances (GHI) and direct normal irradiances (DNI). These include pyranometers, pyrheliometers, rotating shadowband irradiometers, and a pyranometer with a shading ring deployed at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's Solar Radiation Research Laboratory (SRRL). The radiometers in this study were deployed for one year (from April 1, 2011, through March 31, 2012) and compared to measurements from radiometers with the lowest values of estimated measurement uncertainties for producing reference GHI and DNI.

Habte, A.; Sengupta, M.; Andreas, A.; Wilcox, S.; Stoffel, T.

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Solar Resource & Meteorological Assessment Project (SOLRMAP): Southwest Solar Research Park (Formerly SolarCAT) Rotating Shadowband Radiometer (RSR); Phoenix, Arizona (Data)  

DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

The U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory collaborates with the solar industry to establish high quality solar and meteorological measurements. This Solar Resource and Meteorological Assessment Project (SOLRMAP) provides high quality measurements to support deployment of power projects in the United States. The no-funds-exchanged collaboration brings NREL solar resource assessment expertise together with industry needs for measurements. The end result is high quality data sets to support the financing, design, and monitoring of large scale solar power projects for industry in addition to research-quality data for NREL model development. NREL provides consultation for instrumentation and station deployment, along with instrument calibrations, data acquisition, quality assessment, data distribution, and summary reports. Industry participants provide equipment, infrastructure, and station maintenance.

Wilcox, S.; Andreas, A.

17

ARM - Field Campaign - Surface Heat Budget of the Arctic Ocean...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

GNDRAD Ground Radiometers on Stand for Upwelling Radiation Browse Data IRT Infrared Thermometer Browse Data MFRSR Multifilter Rotating Shadowband Radiometer Browse Data MWR...

18

Optical depth measurements by shadow-band radiometers and their uncertainties  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Atmospheric Administration Surface Radiation (SURFRAD) Network, and NASA Solar Irradiance Research Network important product of Sun-photometric measurements. [According to the American Meteoro- logical Society (AMS Measurement (ARM) Program [7]. This network con- sists of 21 instruments located at the SGP Central (CF

19

Posters Comparison of Stochastic Radiation Transfer Predictions  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

9 Posters Comparison of Stochastic Radiation Transfer Predictions with Multi-Filter Rotating Shadowband Radiometer Data N. Byrne and G. Ramanathan Science Applications...

20

1  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

analysis of the multi-instrument multifilter rotating shadowband radiometer (MFRSR) dataset from Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program Cloud and Radiation Testbed...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotating shadowband radiometers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

The R/V Discoverer cruise to Manus Island. The BNL Portable Radiometer Package (PRP) evaluation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Brookhaven National Laboratory installed and operated a Portable Radiation Package (PRP) on the NOAA ship R/V DISCOVERER as part of the Combined Sensor Program cruise in the Tropical Western Pacific Ocean. The DISCOVERER transported a collection of radiation and atmospheric instrumentation to positions offshore of manus Island to compare cloud and radiation fields to like instruments measured from a station on the island. The ship sailed NW from Pago Pago, American Samoa, on 14 March 1996 to a latitude of 1{degree}S then due West until it approached manus Island (2{degree}S and 148{degree}E) on approximately 7 April. The ship then turned SW and approached Manus Island in three steps. This route was reversed during the ship`s return to Hawaii. The PRP package is a compact low-power integration of simple sensors that measure long- and short-wave irradiance from moving platforms. A rapid rotating shadowband radiometer that is designed to provide good estimates of diffuse (sky) radiation even from moving buoys or ships was being evaluated. The PRP provided the only means of making diffuse (sky) radiation measurements from the ship. The CSP cruise provided an excellent opportunity to intercompare the PRP with other like instruments in the TWP locale. The unit was located on the starboard flying bridge which was fully exposed to direct sunlight during the ship`s westward transit. When the ship was at its closest approach to manus, the PRP was moved to the island where careful intercomparison with the Manus instrumentation was conducted.

Reynolds, R.M.; Smith, S.

1996-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

22

Microwave Radiometer (MWR) Handbook  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Microwave Radiometer (MWR) provides time-series measurements of column-integrated amounts of water vapor and liquid water. The instrument itself is essentially a sensitive microwave receiver. That is, it is tuned to measure the microwave emissions of the vapor and liquid water molecules in the atmosphere at specific frequencies.

Morris, VR

2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

ARM - Instrument - mfrsr  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govInstrumentsmfrsr govInstrumentsmfrsr Documentation MFRSR : Handbook MFRSR : Instrument Mentor Monthly Summary (IMMS) reports MFRSR : Data Quality Assessment (DQA) reports ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Multifilter Rotating Shadowband Radiometer (MFRSR) Instrument Categories Aerosols, Radiometric Picture of the Multi-Filter Rotating Shadowband Radiometer (MFRSR) Picture of the Multi-Filter Rotating Shadowband Radiometer (MFRSR) General Overview The multifilter rotating shadowband radiometer (MFRSR) takes spectral measurements of direct normal, diffuse horizontal and total horizontal solar irradiances. These measurements are at nominal wavelengths of 415, 500, 615, 673, 870, and 940 nm. The measurements are made at a

24

An Automated Method of MFRSR Calibration for Aerosol Optical Depth Analysis with Application to an Asian Dust Outbreak over the United States  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Over the past decade, networks of Multifilter Rotating Shadowband Radiometers (MFRSR) and automated sun photometers have been established in the United States to monitor aerosol properties. The MFRSR alternately measures diffuse and global ...

John A. Augustine; Christopher R. Cornwall; Gary B. Hodges; Charles N. Long; Carlos I. Medina; John J. DeLuisi

2003-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

DISCLAIMER  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

59 59 Multifilter Rotating Shadowband Radiometer (MFRSR) Handbook With subsections for the following derivative instruments: Multifilter Radiometer (MFR) Normal Incidence Multifilter Radiometer (NIMFR) GB Hodges JJ Michalsky January 2011 Work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Biological and Environmental Research GB Hodges and JJ Michalsky, January 2011, DOE/SC-ARM/TR-059 iii Acronyms and Abbreviations AMF ARM Mobile Facility ARM Atmospheric Radiation Measurement EMF electromagnetic field ESRL Earth System Research Laboratory FOV field-of-view GMD Global Monitoring Division IMMS Instrument Mentor Monthly Summary MFR multifilter radiometer MFRSR multifilter rotating shadowband radiometer

26

Lighting Research Group: Facilities: Spectro-Radiometer  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Spectro-Radiometer Spectro-Radiometer Spectro-Radiometer spectro-radiometer Gonio-photometer | Integrating sphere | Power analyzer | Spectro-radiometer The spectro-radiometer is used to measure the light output of a light source at each wavelength. The part that looks like a video camera (to the far right in the picture) can look at each wavelength separately. The spectro-radiometer can also be used as a standard light meter and measure all visible wavelengths at once to obtain the total light output of a source. The console portion of the spectro-radiometer is used to display the meter readings and also to adjust measurement settings like the sensitivity. The computer is interfaced with the spectro-radiometer and is used to send commands to the machine and receive, store, and analyze the data.

27

Spectroscopy with Multichannel Correlation Radiometers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Correlation radiometers make true differential measurements in power with high accuracy and small systematic errors. This receiver architecture has been used in radio astronomy for measurements of continuum radiation for over 50 years; this article examines spectroscopy over broad bandwidths using correlation techniques. After general discussions of correlation and the choice of hybrid phase, experimental results from tests with a simple laboratory multi-channel correlation radiometer are shown. Analysis of the effect of the input hybrid's phase shows that a 90 degree hybrid is likely to be the best general choice for radio astronomy, depending on its amplitude match and phase flatness with frequency. The laboratory results verify that the combination of the correlation architecture and an analog lag correlator is an excellent method for spectroscopy over very wide bandwidths.

A. I. Harris

2005-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

28

1  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

The Multi-Filter Rotating Shadowband Radiometer - The Multi-Filter Rotating Shadowband Radiometer - A Look Ahead G. Hodges Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences University of Colorado Boulder, Colorado Introduction The multi-filter rotating shadowband radiometer (MFRSR) is one of the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program's original instruments. As atmospheric research has advanced, the ways in which the MFRSR has been used have increased, along with an ever advancing desire from the scientific community for well calibrated measurements. As the ARM Program has matured, however, the upkeep of the MFRSR network and the refinement of its calibration procedures have not kept up as one would hope to accommodate the modern requirements of climate researchers. This has led to the

29

1  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Multi-Filter Rotating Shadowband Radiometers Mentor Multi-Filter Rotating Shadowband Radiometers Mentor Report and Baseline Surface Radiation Network Submission Status G. Hodges Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences University of Colorado Boulder, Colorado Overview Currently 24 multi-filter rotating shadowband radiometers (MFRSRs) operate within the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program. Eighteen MFRSRs are located at Southern Great Plains (SGP) site, one is located at each of the North Slope of Alaska (NSA) and Tropical Western Pacific (TWP) sites, and one is part of the instrumentation of the ARM Mobile Facility. The SGP site, that has four extended facilities that are equipped for an MFRSR but do not have one due to instrument failure or a lack of spare instruments. Table 1 lists all the sites supporting MFRSRs along with the instrument

30

harrison-98.pdf  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Analysis of Rotating Shadowband Spectroradiometer Analysis of Rotating Shadowband Spectroradiometer (RSS) Data L. C. Harrison, J. J. Michalsky, Q. Min, and M. Beauharnois Atmospheric Sciences Research Center State University of New York Albany, New York Introduction The rotating shadowband spectroradiometer (RSS, shown in Figure 1) is our most recently developed instrument. It can be thought of as a 512-channel multifilter rotating shadow- band radiometer (MFRSR) spanning the wavelength range 360 nm to 1050 nm. (a) This portion of the shortwave spectrum represents about 75% of the sun's total energy. The RSS implements the same automated shadowbanding Camera Lens Collimating Lens Shadow Band Diffuser Slit Motor Latitude Adjustment Prisms CCD Figure 1. Cross-section of the RSS. (For a color version of this figure, please see http://www.arm.gov/

31

1  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Microphysical and Optical Properties from Microphysical and Optical Properties from Multifilter Rotating Shadowband Radiometers E. Kassianov, J. Barnard, T. Ackerman, C. Flynn, and D. Flynn Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, Washington Introduction Multifilter rotating shadowband radiometers (MFRSRs) provide measurements of the total and diffuse solar irradiances at six wavelengths (415, 500, 615, 673, 870 and 940 nm). Direct solar irradiances are inferred by finding the difference between the two measured irradiances, and the direct irradiances are used to derive spectral values of the aerosol optical depth (AOD; Harrison and Michalsky 1994; Alexandrov et al. 2002). Single-scattering albedos (SSAs) can be obtained from diffuse irradiances (Petters et al. 2003).

32

Microwave Radiometer-High Frequency (MWRHF) Handbook  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The 90/150-GHz Vapor Radiometer provides time-series measurements of brightness temperatures from two channels centered at 90 and 150 GHz. These two channels are sensitive to the presence of liquid water and precipitable water vapor.

Caddedu, MP

2011-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

33

ARM - Instrument - rss  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govInstrumentsrss govInstrumentsrss Documentation RSS : Handbook RSS : Instrument Mentor Monthly Summary (IMMS) reports RSS : Data Quality Assessment (DQA) reports ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Rotating Shadowband Spectroradiometer (RSS) Instrument Categories Radiometric General Overview The Rotating Shadowband Spectroradiometer (RSS) implements the same automated shadowbanding technique used by the multifilter rotating shadowband radiometer (MFRSR), and so it too provides spectrally resolved, direct-normal, diffuse-horizontal, and total-horizontal irradiances, and can be calibrated in situ via Langley regression. The irradiance spectra are measured simultaneously at all spectral elements (pixels) in 360-nm to

34

Novel Cyclotron-Based Radiometal Production  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Accomplishments: (1) Construction of prototype solution target for radiometal production; (2) Testing of prototype target for production of following isotopes: a. Zr-89. Investigation of Zr-89 production from Y-89 nitrate solution. i. Defined problems of gas evolution and salt precipitation. ii. Solved problem of precipitation by addition of nitric acid. iii. Solved gas evolution problem with addition of backpressure regulator and constant degassing of target during irradiations. iv. Investigated effects of Y-89 nitrate concentration and beam current. v. Published abstracts at SNM and ISRS meetings; (3) Design of 2nd generation radiometal solution target. a. Included reflux chamber and smaller target volume to conserve precious target materials. b. Included aluminum for prototype and tantalum for working model. c. Included greater varicosities for improved heat transfer; and, (4) Construction of 2nd generation radiometal solution target started.

DeGrado, Timothy R. [Mayo Clinic] [Mayo Clinic (United States)

2013-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

35

Ground-Based Microwave Radiometer Measurements  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Ground-Based Microwave Radiometer Measurements Ground-Based Microwave Radiometer Measurements and Radiosonde Comparisons During the WVIOP2000 Field Experiment D. Cimini University of L'Aquila L'Aquil, Italy E. R. Westwater Cooperative Institute for Research in the Environmental Sciences University of Colorado National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Environmental Technology Laboratory Boulder, Colorado Y. Han Science System Applications National Aeronautics Space Administration Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, Maryland S. Keihm Jet Propulsion Laboratory California Institute of Technology Pasadena, California Introduction During September to October 2000, a water vapor intensive operational period (WVIOP) was conducted at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program's Southern Great Plains (SGP) Cloud and

36

Crookes's radiometers: a train of thought manifest  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...radiant molecular energy of solar masses may at last be found...considered viscosity of the residual gas, and one of the Royal Society...He then described a little turbine radiometer not blacked at all...the warmer side, while the gas creeps around the edges from...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

183-GHz Radiometer Handbook - November 2006  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The G-Band Vapor Radiometer (GVR) provides time-series measurements of brightness temperatures from four double sideband channels centered at ± 1, ± 3, ± 7, and ± 14 GHz around the 183.31-GHz water vapor line. Atmospheric emission in this spectral region is primarily due to water vapor, with some influence from liquid water. The 183.31 ± 14-GHz channel is particularly sensitive to the presence of liquid water. The sensitivity to water vapor of the 183.31-GHz line is approximately 30 times higher than at the frequencies of the two-channel microwave radiometer (MWR) for a precipitable water vapor (PWV) amount of less than 2.5 mm. Measurements from this nstrument are therefore especially useful during low-humidity conditions (PWV < 5 mm).

MP Cadeddu

2006-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

38

Electrically calibrated absolute radiometer suitable for measurement automation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

New electrically calibrated absolute radiometers (ESRs) were developed having fast response and high responsivity; these ESRs are specially useful for measurement automation. They are...

Boivin, Louis-Philippe; McNeely, Francis T

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

ARM - Instrument - prp  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

govInstrumentsprp govInstrumentsprp Documentation PRP : Instrument Mentor Monthly Summary (IMMS) reports PRP : Data Quality Assessment (DQA) reports ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Instrument : Portable Radiation Package (PRP) Instrument Categories Radiometric The Portable Radiation Package (PRP) is an instrument suite to collect atmospheric radiation measurements on a moving platform. The instrument suite consists of a Precision Spectral Pyranometer (PSP), Precision Infrared Radiometer (PIR), and continuously rotating shadowband radiometer. Output Datastreams 1sprprad : Portable Radiation Package: Broadband Radiometers, 1 second resolution 6sprpfrsr : Portable Radiation Package: Fast Rotating Shadowband

40

Four absolute cavity radiometer (pyrheliometer) intercomparisons at New River, Arizona: radiometer standards  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Four detailed intercomparisons were made for a number of models of cavity-type self-calibrating radiometers (pyrheliometers). Each intercomparison consisted of simultaneous readings of pyrheliometers at 30-second intervals in runs of 10 minutes, with at least 15 runs per intercomparison. Twenty-seven instruments were in at least one intercomparison, and five were in all four. Summarized results and all raw data are provided from the intercomparisons.

Estey, R.S.; Seaman, C.H.

1981-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotating shadowband radiometers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents: Using EOF analysis to  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Using EOF analysis to uncover inhomogeneities in data from ground-based Using EOF analysis to uncover inhomogeneities in data from ground-based aerosol monitoring devices Gianelli, Scott NASA/GISS Carlson, Barbara NASA/Goddard Institute for Space Studies Lacis, Andrew NASA/Goddard Institute for Space Studies Empirical Orthogonal Function (EOF) analysis is performed on ground-based shadowband and sun photometer data. The instruments examined for this study include the Rotating Shadowband Spectroradiometer (RSS) and the CIMEL sun photometer CSPHOT located at the central facility of the Southern Great Plains (SGP) site; networks of Multi-Filter Rotating Shadowband Radiometer (MFRSR) devices sponsored by ARM and the USDA; and the network of nephelometers and aerosol particle counters of the Climate Monitoring Diagnostics Laboratory (CMDL). The original purpose of this investigation

42

Instrillment Development Multi-Spectral Automated Rotating Shadowt)and Radiometry  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Instrillment Development Instrillment Development Multi-Spectral Automated Rotating Shadowt)and Radiometry L. Harrison Atmospheric: Sciences Research Center State University of New York at Albany Albany, NY 12205 I am developing two related instruments for use in the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) p,rogram; both use an automated rotating shadowband technique to make spectrally resolved measurements of the direct-normal, total horizontal, and diffuse horizontal irradiances. These parameters of the sky-radiance function are measured using the same detector (for a given wavelength), eliminating the difficulties inherent in comparing these data when measured by independent detectors. The first of these instruments uses independent interterence-filter/photodiode detectors to measure any seven

43

Correlation of globe thermometer response and a YSI radiometer response  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CORRELATION OF GLOBE THERMOMETER RESPONSE AND A YSI RADIOMETER RESPONSE A Thesis by ROBERT HOWARD FRANKNECHT Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE May 1979 Major Subjects Industrial Hygiene CORRELATION OF GLOBE THERMOMETER RESPONSE AND A YSI RADIOMETER RESPONSE A Thesis by ROBERT HOMARD FRANKNECHT Approved as to sty1e and content by: C'6~& . ~ Chairman of Committee ead...

Franknecht, Robert Howard

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Calibrations of filter radiometers for determination of atmospheric optical depth  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Atmospheric optical depths are determined by relating ground-based measurements of direct solar radiation to the extraterrestrial value, I0, that a filter radiometer would read outside the atmosphere. Usually I0 is determined by the Langley extrapolation technique from a high-altitude site, where clear and highly stable atmospheric conditions may be found. Alternatively, I0 can be measured in situ from a stratospheric balloon experiment. We have employed both methods and found agreement to better than 1 %. Filter radiometers tend to change over time, especially when used operationally outdoors. Absolute calibrations in the laboratory are used to monitor the radiometric stability of filter radiometers at the Physikalisch-Meteorologisches Observatorium Davos (PMOD/WRC, Switzerland). A spectral calibration facility based on a calibrated trap detector from the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB, Germany) is used to relate the filter radiometer to an accurate and long-term traceable standard. An FEL-lamp-based standard, previously used for several years, was compared with the new trap standard via a filter radiometer at four wavelengths between 368 nm and 862 nm and revealed a systematic difference of the order of 5 %. The link between radiometric and I0 calibration is the value of the extraterrestrial solar spectrum at the filter radiometer wavelengths which can be determined from these two calibrations and compared with published values.

Ch Wehrli

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

ARM - Datastreams - mfrsr  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Datastreamsmfrsr Datastreamsmfrsr Documentation Data Quality Plots Citation DOI: 10.5439/1023898 [ What is this? ] Generate Citation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Example mfrsr Archive Data Plot Example mfrsr Archive Data Plot Datastream : MFRSR Multi-Filter Rotating Shadowband Radiometer (MFRSR): irradiances Active Dates 1996.10.21 - 2014.01.02 Measurement Categories Radiometric Originating Instrument Multifilter Rotating Shadowband Radiometer (MFRSR) Measurements Only measurements considered scientifically relevant are shown below by default. Show all measurements Measurement Units Variable Airmass unitless airmass ( time ) Alltime Hemispheric Broadband Irradiance counts alltime_hemisp_broadband ( time )

46

ARM - Facility News Article  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Southern Great Plains Site Hosts Gathering to Discuss ARM Instrumentation Southern Great Plains Site Hosts Gathering to Discuss ARM Instrumentation Bookmark and Share Field calibration of the rotating shadowband radiometer (RSS) is performed by the RSS instrument mentor (left) and a colleague from SGP operations. Field calibration of the rotating shadowband radiometer (RSS) is performed by the RSS instrument mentor (left) and a colleague from SGP operations. With research facilities around the globe, one of the biggest challenges faced by ARM is communication and consistent application of new information and instrument advances. In early August, about 45 ARM scientists and engineers gathered at the ARM Southern Great Plains site for a three-day interactive meeting to promote information exchange between instrument mentors and site operations personnel. Meeting participants included

47

Radiometry J. Michalsky, L. Harrison, M. Beik, W. Berkheiser III, and J. Schlemmer  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

J. Michalsky, L. Harrison, J. Michalsky, L. Harrison, M. Beik, W. Berkheiser III, and J. Schlemmer Atmospheric Sciences Research Center University at Albany State University of New York Albany, NY 12205 depths without the necessity of human intervention (Harrison and Michalsky 1993); 3) the cosine bench for measuring the cosine response functions of the RSRs and other radiometers (Michalsky et al. 1992); 4) rotating shadowband spectroradiometer progress (Harrison et al., in press); and 5) the effects of Mount Pinatubo on the aerosol above the Oklahoma-Kansas Cloud and Radiation Testbed (CART) site (Michalsky and Larson 1993). Introduction Multi-Filter Rotating Shadowband Radiometer The MFRSR (see Figure 1) is a ground-based instrument for simultaneously measuring total horizontal, diffuse

48

Section 33  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

in in ' c n I o n exp (&T in / µ i ) T i,n ' µ i log (I o n / I i,n ) % µ i log (c n ) Session Papers 145 (1) (2) Multi-Spectral Atmospheric Column Extinction Analysis of Multi-Filter Rotating Shadowband Radiometer Measurements A.A. Lacis and B.E. Carlson National Aeronautics and Space Administration/Goddard Institute for Space Studies New York, New York B. Cairns Columbia University National Aeronautics and Space Administration/Goddard Institute for Space Studies New York, New York Abstract MACE Analysis of MFRSR Multi-spectral Atmospheric Column Extinction (MACE) analysis of multi-filter rotating shadowband radiometer (MFRSR) measurements yield detailed time series information on the variations of the column amounts of atmospheric NO 2 and ozone and of aerosol optical depth, including the effective

49

1  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Fine and Coarse Mode Aerosols in Southern Great Plains Fine and Coarse Mode Aerosols in Southern Great Plains Multi-Filter Rotating Shadowband Radiometer Datasets M. Alexandrov and B. Cairns Columbia University New York, New York M. Alexandrov, B E. Carlson, A.A. Lacis, and B. Cairns National Aeronautics and Space Administration Goddard Institute for Space Studies New York, New York Introduction We present results obtained using the new version of the multi-filter rotating shadowband radiometer (MFRSR) data analysis algorithm (Alexandrov et al. 2005). This algorithm allows the partition of aerosol optical thickness (AOT) into fine and coarse aerosol modes and to retrieve the fine mode effective radius (r eff ). A bimodal gamma distribution is used as the aerosol particle size model. The algorithm has been used for analysis of a multi-year dataset from the local MFRSR network at the

50

Section 85  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

i i ' -ln I i I 0 i *µ%c i µ, c i Wm &2 c i NO 2 O 3 NO 2 c i c i NO 2 Session Papers 379 (1) Retrieval of Aerosol Optical Depth, Aerosol Size Distribution Parameters, Ozone and Nitrogen Dioxide Column Amounts from Multifilter Rotating Shadowband Radiometer Data M. Alexandrov, A. A. Lacis, B. E. Carlson and B. Cairns National Aeronautics and Space Administration Goddard Institute for Space Studies New York, New York Introduction The MultiFilter Rotating Shadowband Radiometer (MFRSR) (Harrison and Michalsky 1994a, 1994b) measures atmospheric column extinction of the direct solar beam and the diffuse radiation intensity at six wavelengths. Located at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's Goddard Institute for Space Studies in New York City, the instrument has six spectral channels at 415, 501, 616, 672, 870, and 940

51

Research Highlight  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Optical Depth Measurements by Shadowband Radiometers and Their Uncertainties Download a printable PDF Submitter: Alexandrov, M. D., Columbia University Area of Research: Radiation...

52

Microwave Radiometer – 3 Channel (MWR3C) Handbook  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The microwave radiometer 3-channel (MWR3C) provides time-series measurements of brightness temperatures from three channels centered at 23.834, 30, and 89 GHz. These three channels are sensitive to the presence of liquid water and precipitable water vapor.

Cadeddu, MP

2012-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

53

Differential Microwave Radiometer and the Cosmic Microwave Background |  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Differential Differential Microwave Radiometer and the Cosmic Microwave Background Laboratory Policy and Evaluation (LPE) LPE Home Staff M&O Contracts SC Laboratory Appraisal Process Laboratory Planning Process Work for Others in the Office of Science Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) DOE's Philosophy on LDRD Frequently Asked Questions Success Stories Brochures Additional Information LDRD Program Contacts Technology Transfer DOE National Laboratories Contact Information Laboratory Policy and Evaluation U.S. Department of Energy SC-32/Forrestal Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (202) 586-5447 F: (202) 586-3119 Success Stories Differential Microwave Radiometer and the Cosmic Microwave Background Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page

54

Quantitative Analysis of Spectral Impacts on Silicon Photodiode Radiometers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Inexpensive broadband pyranometers with silicon photodiode detectors have a non-uniform spectral response over the spectral range of 300-1100 nm. The response region includes only about 70% to 75% of the total energy in the terrestrial solar spectral distribution from 300 nm to 4000 nm. The solar spectrum constantly changes with solar position and atmospheric conditions. Relative spectral distributions of diffuse hemispherical irradiance sky radiation and total global hemispherical irradiance are drastically different. This analysis convolves a typical photodiode response with SMARTS 2.9.5 spectral model spectra for different sites and atmospheric conditions. Differences in solar component spectra lead to differences on the order of 2% in global hemispherical and 5% or more in diffuse hemispherical irradiances from silicon radiometers. The result is that errors of more than 7% can occur in the computation of direct normal irradiance from global hemispherical irradiance and diffuse hemispherical irradiance using these radiometers.

Myers, D. R.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Quantitative Analysis of Spectral Impacts on Silicon Photodiode Radiometers: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Inexpensive broadband pyranometers with silicon photodiode detectors have a non-uniform spectral response over the spectral range of 300-1100 nm. The response region includes only about 70% to 75% of the total energy in the terrestrial solar spectral distribution from 300 nm to 4000 nm. The solar spectrum constantly changes with solar position and atmospheric conditions. Relative spectral distributions of diffuse hemispherical irradiance sky radiation and total global hemispherical irradiance are drastically different. This analysis convolves a typical photodiode response with SMARTS 2.9.5 spectral model spectra for different sites and atmospheric conditions. Differences in solar component spectra lead to differences on the order of 2% in global hemispherical and 5% or more in diffuse hemispherical irradiances from silicon radiometers. The result is that errors of more than 7% can occur in the computation of direct normal irradiance from global hemispherical irradiance and diffuse hemispherical irradiance using these radiometers.

Myers, D. R.

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Narrow Field of View Zenith Radiometer (NFOV) Handbook  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The two-channel narrow field-of-view radiometer (NFOV2) is a ground-based radiometer that looks straight up and measures radiance directly above the instrument at wavelengths of 673 and 870 nm. The field-of-view of the instrument is 1.2 degrees, and the sampling time resolution is one second. Measurements of the NFOV2 have been used to retrieve optical properties for overhead clouds that range from patchy to overcast. With a one-second sampling rate of the NFOV2, faster than almost any other ARM Climate Research Facility (ACRF) instrument, we are able, for the first time, to capture changes in cloud optical properties at the natural time scale of cloud evolution.

Chiu, C; Marshak, A; Hodges, G; Barnard, JC; Schmelzer, J

2008-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

G-Band Vapor Radiometer Profiler (GVRP) Handbook  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The G-Band Vapor Radiometer Profiler (GVRP) provides time-series measurements of brightness temperatures from 15 channels between 170 and 183.310 GHz. Atmospheric emission in this spectral region is primarily due to water vapor, with some influence from liquid water. Channels between 170.0 and 176.0 GHz are particularly sensitive to the presence of liquid water. The sensitivity to water vapor of the 183.31-GHz line is approximately 30 times higher than at the frequencies of the two-channel microwave radiometer (MWR) for a precipitable water vapor (PWV) amount of less than 2.5 mm. Measurements from the GVRP instrument are therefore especially useful during low-humidity conditions (PWV < 5 mm). In addition to integrated water vapor and liquid water, the GVRP can provide low-resolution vertical profiles of water vapor in very dry conditions.

Caddeau, MP

2010-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

58

Design of a differential radiometer for atmospheric radiative flux measurements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Hemispherical Optimized NEt Radiometer (HONER) is an instrument under development at the Los Alamos National Laboratory for deployment on an unmanned aerospace vehicle as part of the Atmospheric Radiation Measurements (ARM/UAV) program. HONER is a differential radiometer which will measure the difference between the total upwelling and downwelling fluxes and is intended to provide a means of measuring the atmospheric radiative flux divergence. Unlike existing instruments which measure the upwelling and downwelling fluxes separately, HONER will achieve an optical difference by chopping the two fluxes alternately onto a common pyroelectric detector. HONER will provide data resolved into two spectral bands; one covering the solar dominated region from less than 0.4 micrometer to approximately 4.5 micrometers and the other covering the region from approximately 4.5 micrometers to greater than 50 micrometers, dominated by thermal radiation. The means of separating the spectral regions guarantees seamless summation to calculate the total flux. The fields-of-view are near-hemispherical, upward and downward. The instrument can be converted, in flight, from the differential mode to absolute mode, measuring the upwelling and downwelling fluxes separately and simultaneously. The instrument also features continuous calibration from on-board sources. We will describe the design and operation of the sensor head and the on-board reference sources as well as the means of deployment.

LaDelfe, P.C.; Weber, P.G.; Rodriguez, C.W.

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Ten channel background alpha radiometer for nondestructive analysis of low activity samples  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The description of a ten-channel alpha-radiometer based on large-area semiconductor detectors is presented in this paper. The radiometer is intended for determination of soil pollution by alpha-active radionuclides using thick samples. The analysis of isotopes is also provided. The concentrations of Pu and Am isotopes in soil samples are determined.

Pugatch, V.M.; Pavlenko, Y.N.; Vasiliev, Y.O.; Nenakhov, A.N.; Tkatch, N.M.; Barabash, L.I.; Berdnichenko, S.V.; Litovchenko, P.G.; Rosenfeld, A.B.; Zinets, O.S. (Inst. for Nuclear Research, Kiev (USSR))

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Calibration of a Solar Absolute Cavity Radiometer with Traceability to the World Radiometric Reference  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes the present method of establishing traceability of absolute cavity radiometers to the World Radiometric Reference (WRR) through the process employed in the International Pyrheliometer Comparisons (IPC). This method derives the WRR reduction factor for each of the participating cavity radiometers. An alternative method is proposed, described, and evaluated as a way to reduce the uncertainty in the comparison process. The two methods are compared using a sample of data from the recent IPC-VIII conducted from September 25th to October 13th, 1995 at the World Radiation Center in Davos, Switzerland. A description of absolute cavity radiometers is also included, using a PMO-6 as an example of active cavity radiometers, and a HF as an example of passive cavity radiometers.

Reda, I.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotating shadowband radiometers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Working Group Reports A Short-Wave Radiometer Array Across  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

9 9 Working Group Reports A Short-Wave Radiometer Array Across the Tropical Pacific Ocean as a Component of the TOGA-TAO Buoy Array R. M. Reynolds Brookhaven National Laboratory Upton, New York Introduction The purpose of this document is to bring together pertinent information concerning the NOAA TOGA-TAO buoy array so that a decision can be made for the following questions: 1. Are the scientific gains from an array of short-wave radiation sensors in the equatorial Pacific Ocean sufficiently impelling that DOE/ARM should provide financial and material support to NOAA/PMEL to install and operate this array? 2. What scientists and/or scientific studies would directly benefit from such a data set? 3. What should that array look like? That is, what sub-set of buoys should be so implemented given the per-buoy

62

Characterization and calibration of 8-channel E-band heterodyne radiometer system for SST-1 tokamak  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An 8-channel E-band heterodyne radiometer system (74–86 GHz) is designed, characterized, and calibrated to measure the radial electron temperature profile by measuring Electron Cyclotron Emission spectrum at SST-1 Tokamak. The developed radiometer has a noise equivalent temperature of 1 eV and sensitivity of 5 × 10{sup 9} V/W. In order to precisely measure the absolute value of electron temperature, a calibration measurement of the radiometer system is performed using hot-cold Dicke switch method, which confirms the system linearity.

Siju, Varsha; Kumar, Dharmendra; Shukla, Praveena; Pathak, S. K. [Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar, Gujarat 382428 (India)] [Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar, Gujarat 382428 (India)

2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

63

Measurement of Boundary-Layer Temperature Profiles by a Scanning 5-MM Radiometer During the 1999 Winter NSA/AAO Radiometer Exp  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Boundary-Layer Temperature Profiles by Boundary-Layer Temperature Profiles by a Scanning 5-MM Radiometer During the 1999 Winter NSA/AAO Radiometer Experiment and WVIOP 2000 V. Y. Leuski and E. R. Westwater Cooperative Institute for Research in the Environmental Sciences National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Environmental Technology Laboratory University of Colorado Boulder, Colorado Introduction A scanning 5-mm-wavelength radiometer was deployed during two Intensive Operational Periods (IOPs) at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program's Cloud and Radiation Testbed (CART) facilities. The first was conducted at the North Slope of Alaska (NSA) and Adjacent arctic Ocean (AAO) site near Barrow, Alaska, during March 1999. One goal was to evaluate the ability of an

64

MEASUREMENTS AND RETRIEVALS FROM A NEW 183-GHz WATER VAPOR RADIOMETER IN  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

MEASUREMENTS AND RETRIEVALS FROM A NEW 183-GHz WATER VAPOR RADIOMETER IN MEASUREMENTS AND RETRIEVALS FROM A NEW 183-GHz WATER VAPOR RADIOMETER IN THE ARCTIC Cadeddu, Maria Argonne National Laboratory Category: Instruments A new G-band (183 GHz) vapor radiometer (GVR), developed and built by Prosensing Inc. (http://www.prosensing.com), was deployed in Barrow, Alaska, in April 2005. The radiometer was deployed as part of the ongoing Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) program's effort to improve water vapor retrievals in the cold, dry Arctic environment. The instrument measures brightness temperatures from four double sideband channels centered at 1, 3, 7, and 14 GHz from the 183.31-GHz water vapor line. Atmospheric emission in this spectral region is primarily due to water vapor, with some influence from liquid water. The GVR will remain in Barrow

65

ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Inferring Cloud Properties from Narrow-Field-of-View Spectral Radiometers Inferring Cloud Properties from Narrow-Field-of-View Spectral Radiometers Marshak, A.(a), Knyazikhin, Y.(b), Evans, K.(c), and Wiscombe, W.(a), NASA/GSFC (a), Boston University (b), UMBC/JCET (c) Fourteenth Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Science Team Meeting The most common approach for retrieving cloud optical depth from ground-based observations uses downwelling fluxes measured by pyranometers and Multi-Filter Rotating Shadowband Radiometers (MFRSR). The key element in both retrieval techniques is the one-to-one mapping of the "observed" fluxes into cloud optical depth through plane-parallel radiative transfer. Both methods are expected to work well only for completely overcast clouds giving an effective optical depth for the whole sky. To infer cloud optical

66

schwartz(3)-98.pdf  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

57 57 Correlated Short Term Fluctuations in Aerosol Optical Thickness and Shortwave Radiative Quantities S. E. Schwartz Environmental Chemistry Division Brookhaven National Laboratory Upton, New York Abstract Close examination of direct normal solar irradiance (DNSI) and downwelling diffuse irradiance (DDI) on cloud-free days at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Southern Great Plains (SGP) site reveals anticorrelated short- term (several minute) fluctuations, especially prominent in the hours around local solar noon; i.e., DDI increases as DNSI decreases. These fluctuations are correlated or anticorrelated with other direct and derived radiometric quantities, including aerosol optical thickness (AOT) from multifilter rotating shadowband radiometer (MFRSR) and

67

Discrepancies in Shortwave Diffuse Measured and Modeled Irradiances in Antarctica  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Discrepancies in Shortwave Diffuse Measured and Discrepancies in Shortwave Diffuse Measured and Modeled Irradiances in Antarctica A. Payton, P. Ricchiazzi, and C. Gautier University of California Santa Barbara, California D. Lubin Scripps Scripps Institution of Oceanography La Jolla, California Introduction Measurements of clear-sky shortwave (SW) radiation at the surface show discrepancies between measurements and model simulations, but only for certain measurements across time and space. Most of the observations entail broadband measurements. A spectral and spatial analysis of the occurrence of this discrepancy may lend insight into the responsible processes. Langley calibrated multi-filter rotating shadowband radiometer (MFRSR) measurements collected at the Antarctic coastline reveal significant

68

A 16-channel heterodyne electron cyclotron emission radiometer on J-TEXT  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

To study equilibrium temporal dynamics and the mechanisms of magnetohydrodynamic instabilities, a 16-channel heterodyne electron cyclotron emission (ECE) radiometer has been developed to view the J-TEXT tokamak from the low field side. The ECE radiometer detects second-harmonic extraordinary mode in the frequency band of 94-125 GHz which corresponds to resonances from 1.8 T to 2.2 T. This ECE system consists of an ECE transmission line, a radio frequency unit, and two 8-channel intermediate frequency units. An in situ blackbody calibration source is applied for system calibration by comparison of hot and cold sources in order to provide an absolute temperature measurement.

Yang, Z. J.; Zhuang, G.; Xiao, J. S.; Wang, Z. J. [State Key Laboratory of Advanced Electromagnetic Engineering and Technology, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei 430074 (China); Key Laboratory of Fusion and Advanced Electromagnetic Technology Ministry of Education, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei 430074 (China); Phillips, P. E.; Huang, H.; Rowan, W. L. [Institute for Fusion Studies, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

69

Simultaneous Retreival of Surface Wind Speed and Rain Rate using Radar and Radiometer Measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to simultaneously retrieve the vertical profile of precipitation and the near-surface wind speed. ResultsSimultaneous Retreival of Surface Wind Speed and Rain Rate using Radar and Radiometer Measurements simultaneously estimates the over ocean near-surface wind speed and rain rate profile using data from a 10.7 GHz

Ruf, Christopher

70

Measurements of atmospheric water vapor above Mauna Kea using an infrared radiometer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Measurements of atmospheric water vapor above Mauna Kea using an infrared radiometer David A in atmospheric water vapor that distort the phase coherence of incoming celestial signals. The signal received water vapor, this paper presents results obtained with a second generation IRMA operating at the James

Naylor, David A.

71

G-Band Vapor Radiometer Precipitable Water Vapor (GVRPWV) Value-Added Product  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The G-Band Vapor Radiometer Precipitable Water Vapor (GVRPWV) value-added product (VAP) computes precipitable water vapor using neural network techniques from data measured by the GVR. The GVR reports time-series measurements of brightness temperatures for four channels located at 183.3 ± 1, 3, 7, and 14 GHz.

Koontz, A; Cadeddu, M

2012-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

72

Outgassing, Temperature Gradients and the Radiometer Effect in LISA: A Torsion Pendulum Investigation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Thermal modeling of the LISA gravitational reference sensor (GRS) includes such effects as outgassing from the proof mass and its housing and the radiometer effect. Experimental data in conditions emulating the LISA GRS are required to confidently predict the GRS performance. Outgassing and the radiometer effect are similar in characteristics and are difficult to decouple experimentally. The design of our torsion balance allows us to investigate differential radiation pressure, the radiometer effect, and outgassing on closely separated conducting surfaces with high sensitivity. A thermally controlled split copper plate is brought near a freely hanging plate-torsion pendulum.We have varied the temperature on each half of the copper plate and have measured the resulting forces on the pendulum. We have determined that to first order the current GRS model for the radiometer effect, outgassing, and radiation pressure are mostly consistent with our torsion balance measurements and therefore these thermal effects do not appear to be a large hindrance to the LISA noise budget. However, there remain discrepancies between the predicted dependence of these effects on the temperature of our apparatus.

Scott E Pollack; Stephan Schlamminger; Jens H Gundlach

2007-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

73

DOE/SC-ARM/TR-139  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

9 Cloud Optical Properties from the Multifilter Shadowband Radiometer (MFRSRCLDOD): An ARM Value-Added Product DD Turner Y Shi SA McFarlane C Lo L Riihimaki Q Min February 2014...

74

LABORATORY VI ROTATIONAL DYNAMICS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

wheels are everywhere. Balls spin when they are thrown. The earth rotates about its axis. Rotations to predict the outcome of a rotational system. · Choose a useful system when using rotational kinematics of systems. PREPARATION: Read Paul M. Fishbane: Chapter 9, Section 9-1; Chapter 5, Section 5-4. You should

Minnesota, University of

75

ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

particularly difficult to differentiate between aerosol extinction and the absorption of nitrogen dioxide in the 415 nm channel. The rotating shadowband spectroradiometer (RSS),...

76

GVR (G-Band Vapor Radiometer) M.P. Cadeddu and J.C. Liljegren Argonne Natl. Laboratory  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

MWR status MWR status M.P. Cadeddu New radiometers New radiometers ECO-00664 (MWR procurement) open Specifications have been written and submitted Draft of specifications sent to vendors last month A few changes were incorporated after vendors feedback. Final specification document will be sent next week. ECO-00664 (MWR procurement) open Specifications have been written and submitted Draft of specifications sent to vendors last month A few changes were incorporated after vendors feedback. Final specification document will be sent next week. PWV-LWP: 12 2-channel MWR Temperature-humidity profile: 2 profilers operating Low LWP-PWV: 2 183-GHz radiometers Low LWP: 2 90/150-GHz radiometers PWV-LWP: 12 2-channel MWR Temperature-humidity profile: 2 profilers

77

Using a cold radiometer to measure heat loads and survey heat leaks  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have developed an inexpensive cold radiometer for use in thermal/vacuum chambers to measure heat loads, characterize emissivity and specularity of surfaces and to survey areas to evaluate stray heat loads. We report here the results of two such tests for the James Webb Space Telescope to measure heat loads and effective emissivities of 2 major pieces of optical ground support equipment that will be used in upcoming thermal vacuum testing of the Telescope.

DiPirro, M.; Tuttle, J.; Hait, T.; Shirron, P. [Cryogenics and Fluids Branch, NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt MD 20771 (United States)

2014-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

78

Disilane Internal Rotation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Disilane Internal Rotation ... Energetics of hindered rotation in disilane are analyzed and compared to ethane. ... In disilane weakened (rotationally governed) hyperconjugative interactions, paramount in controlling the ethane barrier, leave the nonrotational part of the torsional coordinate as the primary contribution to disilane barrier energetics. ...

Vojislava Pophristic; Lionel Goodman; Cheryl T. Wu

2001-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

79

ARM - Measurement - Shortwave narrowband total downwelling irradiance  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

downwelling irradiance downwelling irradiance ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Shortwave narrowband total downwelling irradiance The rate at which radiant energy, in narrow bands of wavelengths shorter than approximately 4 {mu}m, passes through a horizontal unit area in a downward direction. Categories Radiometric Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments MFRSR : Multifilter Rotating Shadowband Radiometer NFOV : Narrow Field of View Zenith Radiometer

80

ARM - Measurement - Aerosol optical depth  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

depth depth ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Measurement : Aerosol optical depth A measure of how much light aerosols prevent from passing through a column of atmosphere. Categories Aerosols Instruments The above measurement is considered scientifically relevant for the following instruments. Refer to the datastream (netcdf) file headers of each instrument for a list of all available measurements, including those recorded for diagnostic or quality assurance purposes. ARM Instruments HSRL : High Spectral Resolution Lidar MPL : Micropulse Lidar MFRSR : Multifilter Rotating Shadowband Radiometer NIMFR : Normal Incidence Multifilter Radiometer Field Campaign Instruments AOS-PMFOV : Acoustical Optical Spectrometer-Photometer with Multiple

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotating shadowband radiometers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Surface based remote sensing of aerosol-cloud interactions  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Surface based remote sensing of aerosol-cloud interactions Surface based remote sensing of aerosol-cloud interactions Feingold, Graham NOAA/Environmental Technology Laboratory Frisch, Shelby NOAA/Environmental Technology Laboratory Min, Qilong State University of New York at Albany Category: Cloud Properties We will present an analysis of the effect of aerosol on clouds at the Southern Great Plains ARM site. New methods for retrieving cloud droplet effective radius with radar (MMCR), multifilter rotating shadowband radiometer (MFRSR), and microwave radiometer (MWR) will be discussed. Relationships based on adiabatic clouds will be used to constrain retrievals. We will investigate the use of a range of proxies for cloud condensation nuclei, ranging from surface measurements of light scattering and accumulation mode number concentration, to lidar-measured extinction or

82

1  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Optical Depths and Liquid Water Paths Optical Depths and Liquid Water Paths at the NSA CART J. C. Doran, J. C. Barnard, and S. Zhong Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, Washington C. J. Jakob European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts Reading, England Introduction As part of our efforts to characterize the cloud properties at the North Slope of Alaska (NSA) Cloud and Radiation Testbed (CART), we have used microwave radiometers (MWRs) and multi-filter rotating shadowband radiometers (MFRSRs) at Barrow (a coastal site) and Atqasuk (an inland site) to measure liquid water paths (LWPs) and cloud optical depths ( ) during the period June through September 1999. In addition to developing a climatology of cloud properties at the two sites, which will require the

83

Section 37  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

' ' T(J,csza) T " ' T%"a sph T/(1&"a sph ) Session Papers 161 (1) (2) Cloud Optical Properties Obtained from the Multi-Filter Rotating Shadowband Radiometer Instrument: Methodology and Analysis of Data Obtained in Fairbanks, Alaska E. Leontieva and K. Stamnes Geophysical Institute University of Alaska Fairbanks, Alaska Introduction A retrieval technique is presented to infer the cloud optical depth from data obtained by a ground-based, multi-channel radiometer operating in the solar and near-infrared (IR) range. An approach is introduced that uses observed and model-simulated transmittances rather than irradiances. Cloud optical depth retrievals are most meaningful under com- pletely overcast cloud conditions. The observed atmospheric transmittances under fractional cloud cover are of interest by

84

min-98.pdf  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Comparison of Model-Predicted Total Shortwave with Comparison of Model-Predicted Total Shortwave with Measurements Under Overcast Cloud Conditions Q. Min and L. C. Harrison Atmospheric Sciences Research Center State University of New York at Albany Albany, New York Abstract We use surface measurements at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Southern Great Plains (SGP) site made with the multifilter rotating shadowband radiometer (MFRSR) and microwave radiometer (MWR) to obtain time-series of cloud optical depths and mean effective droplet radii using the method described by Min and Harrison (1996). We then use these data as inputs to three atmospheric shortwave models, and compare the result to surface pyranometric observations [Baseline Surface Radiation Network (BSRN) and Solar and Infrared Observing System (SIROS)]. We have extended this work

85

ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Differences in Cloud Characteristics at Barrow and Atqasuk at the NSA/AAO Differences in Cloud Characteristics at Barrow and Atqasuk at the NSA/AAO CART Doran, J.C., Barnard, J.C., Zhong, S., and Jakob, C., Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasting Eleventh Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Science Team Meeting Data obtained from multifilter rotating shadowband radiometers (MFRSRs) and microwave radiometers (MWRs) have been used to examine the differences in the cloud characteristics at Barrow and Atqasuk during the period June-September of 1999. Because the size of a grid cell in a GCM may be on the order of 100 km or more, it is important to determine to what extent meteorological and radiometric observations made at Barrow or Atqasuk

86

Partial Discharge Location using Unsynchronized Radiometer Network for Condition Monitoring in HV Substations - A Proposed Approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A location estimation system for online Partial Discharge (PD) detection is proposed as a low-cost approach to real-time condition monitoring, asset management and operation optimization in future smart grid. Some early progress in the development of subsystems (specifically the antenna, radiometer device, PD emulator and PD generator) for a proof-of-principle prototype system is described. The proposed PD Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) uses a novel approach to PD location which obviates the need for synchronization between sensors thereby improving scalability.

J M R de Souza Neto (IEEE member); E C T de Macedo; J S da Rocha Neto (IEEE senior member); E G da Costa; S A Bhatti; I A Glover

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Macrocyclic polyaminocarboxylates for stable radiometal antibody conjugates for therapy, SPECT and PET imaging  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A simple method for the synthesis of 1,4,7, 10-tetraazacyclododecane N,N{prime}N{double_prime},N{prime}{double_prime}-tetraacetic acid and 1,4,8,11-tetraazacyclotetradecane N,N{prime},N{double_prime},N{prime}{double_prime}-tetraacetic acid involves cyanomethylating 1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane or 1,4,8,11-tetraazacyclotetradecane to form a tetranitrile and hydrolyzing the tetranitrile. These macrocyclic compounds are functionalized through one of the carboxylates and then conjugated to various biological molecules including monoclonal antibodies. The resulting conjugated molecules are labeled with radiometals for SPECT and PET imaging and for radiotherapy. 4 figs.

Mease, R.C.; Mausner, L.F.; Srivastava, S.C.

1997-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

88

Multi Spectral Pushbroom Imaging Radiometer (MPIR) for remote sensing cloud studies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A Multi Spectral Pushbroom Imaging Radiometer (MPIR) has been developed as are relatively inexpensive ({approximately}$IM/copy), well-calibrated,imaging radiometer for aircraft studies of cloud properties. The instrument is designed to fly on an Unmanned Aerospace Vehicle (UAV) platform at altitudes from the surface up to 20 km. MPIR is being developed to support the Unmanned Aerospace Vehicle portion of the Department of Energy`s Atmospheric Radiation Measurements program (ARM/UAV). Radiation-cloud interactions are the dominant uncertainty in the current General Circulation Models used for atmospheric climate studies. Reduction of this uncertainty is a top scientific priority of the US Global Change Research Program and the ARM program. While the DOE`s ARM program measures a num-ber of parameters from the ground-based Clouds and Radiation Testbed sites, it was recognized from the outset that other key parameters are best measured by sustained airborne data taking. These measurements are critical in our understanding of global change issues as well as for improved atmospheric and near space weather forecasting applications.

Phipps, G.S.; Grotbeck, C.L.

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Integration of Global Positioning System and Scanning Water Vapor Radiometers for Precipitable Water Vapor and Cloud Liquid Path Estimates  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Integration of Global Positioning System and Scanning Integration of Global Positioning System and Scanning Water Vapor Radiometers for Precipitable Water Vapor and Cloud Liquid Path Estimates V. Mattioli and P. Basili Department of Electronic and Information Engineering University of Perugia Perugia, Italy E. R. Westwater Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences University of Colorado National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Environmental Technology Laboratory Boulder, Colorado Introduction In recent years the Global Positioning System (GPS) has proved to be a reliable instrument for measuring precipitable water vapor (PWV) (Bevis et al. 1992), offering an independent source of information on water vapor when compared with microwave radiometers (MWRs), and/or radiosonde

90

Rotational Motion in Nuclei  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...and single-particle motion, but the basic idea of the cranking model has stood its...the schematized SU3 picture. General Theory of Rotation The increasing precision and...pro-vided by the challenge of presenting the theory of rotation as part of a broad view of...

Aage Bohr

1976-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

91

Diamagnetism of rotating plasma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Diamagnetism and magnetic measurements of a supersonically rotating plasma in a shaped magnetic field demonstrate confinement of plasma pressure along the magnetic field resulting from centrifugal force. The Grad-Shafranov equation of ideal magnetohydrodynamic force balance, including supersonic rotation, is solved to confirm that the predicted angular velocity is in agreement with spectroscopic measurements of the Doppler shifts.

Young, W. C.; Hassam, A. B.; Romero-Talamas, C. A.; Ellis, R. F.; Teodorescu, C. [IREAP, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742 (United States)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

92

Rotational Quantum Friction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the frictional forces due to quantum fluctuations acting on a small sphere rotating near a surface. At zero temperature, we find the frictional force near a surface to be several orders of magnitude larger than that for the sphere rotating in vacuum. For metallic materials with typical conductivity, quantum friction is maximized by matching the frequency of rotation with the conductivity. Materials with poor conductivity are favored to obtain large quantum frictions. For semiconductor materials that are able to support surface plasmon polaritons, quantum friction can be further enhanced by several orders of magnitude due to the excitation of surface plasmon polaritons.

Rongkuo Zhao; Alejandro Manjavacas; F. Javier García de Abajo; J. B. Pendry

2012-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

93

Rotatable seal assembly. [Patent application; rotating targets  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An assembly is provided for rotatably supporting a rotor on a stator so that vacuum chambers in the rotor and stator remain in communication while the chambers are sealed from ambient air, which enables the use of a ball bearing or the like to support most of the weight of the rotor. The apparatus includes a seal device mounted on the rotor to rotate therewith, but shiftable in position on the rotor while being sealed to the rotor as by an O-ring. The seal device has a flat face that is biased towards a flat face on the stator, and pressurized air is pumped between the faces to prevent contact between them while spacing them a small distance apart to avoid the inflow of large amounts of air between the faces and into the vacuum chambers.

Logan, C.M.; Garibaldi, J.L.

1980-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

94

Validation of Satellite-Derived Liquid Water Paths Using ARM SGP Microwave Radiometers  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Satellite-Derived Liquid Water Paths Using Satellite-Derived Liquid Water Paths Using ARM SGP Microwave Radiometers M. M. Khaiyer and J. Huang Analytical Services & Materials, Inc. Hampton, Virginia P. Minnis, B. Lin, and W. L. Smith, Jr. National Aeronautics and Space Administration Langley Research Center Hampton, Virginia A. Fan Science Applications International Corporation Hampton, Virginia A. Rapp Colorado State University Fort Collins, Colorado Introduction Satellites are useful for monitoring climatological parameters over large domains. They are especially useful for measuring various cloud microphysical and radiative parameters where ground-based instruments are not available. The geostationary operational environmental satellite (GOES) has been used to retrieve cloud and radiative properties over an extended domain centered on the Atmospheric

95

Modification of the collective Thomson scattering radiometer in the search for parametric decay on TEXTOR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Strong scattering of high-power millimeter waves at 140 GHz has been shown to take place in heating and current-drive experiments at TEXTOR when a tearing mode is present in the plasma. The scattering signal is at present supposed to be generated by the parametric decay instability. Here we describe the heterodyne detection system used to characterize the newly discovered signal measured at TEXTOR, and we present spectral shapes in which the signal can appear under different conditions. The radiation is collected by the receiver through a quasi-optical transmission line that is independent of the electron cyclotron resonance heating transmission line, and so the scattering geometry is variable. The signal is detected with 42 frequency channels ranging from 136 to 142 GHz. We demonstrate that the large signal does not originate from gyrotron spurious radiation. The measured signal agrees well with independent backscattering radiometer data.

Nielsen, S. K.; Salewski, M.; Korsholm, S. B.; Leipold, F.; Meo, F.; Michelsen, P.; Stejner, M. [Association EURATOM - DTU, Department of Physics, Technical University of Denmark, Risoe Campus, DK-4000 Roskilde (Denmark); Bongers, W.; Moseev, D.; Westerhof, E. [FOM Institute DIFFER, Dutch Institute for Fundamental Energy Research, Association EURATOM - FOM, Nieuwegein (Netherlands); Oosterbeek, J. W. [Department of Applied Physics, Science and Technology of Nuclear Fusion, Eindhoven University of Technology, NL-5600 MB Eindhoven (Netherlands)

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

96

Informal Preliminary Report on Comparisons of Prototype SPN-1 Radiometer to PARSL Measurements  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The prototype SPN-1 has been taking measurements for several months collocated with our PNNL Atmospheric Remote Sensing Laboratory (PARSL) solar tracker mounted instruments at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) located in Richland, Washington, USA. The PARSL radiometers used in the following comparisons consist of an Eppley Normal Incident Pyrheliometer (NIP) and a shaded Eppley model 8-48 “Black and White” pyrgeometer (B&W) to measure the direct and diffuse shortwave irradiance (SW), respectively. These instruments were calibrated in mid-September by comparison to an absolute cavity radiometer directly traceable to the world standard group in Davos, Switzerland. The NIP calibration was determined by direct comparison, while the B&W was calibrated using the shade/unshade technique. All PARSL data prior to mid-September have been reprocessed using the new calibration factors. The PARSL data are logged as 1-minute averages from 1-second samples. Data used in this report span the time period from June 22 through December 1, 2006. All data have been processed through the QCRad code (Long and Shi, 2006), which itself is a more elaborately developed methodology along the lines of that applied by the Baseline Surface Radiation Network (BSRN) Archive (Long and Dutton, 2004), for quality control. The SPN-1 data are the standard total and diffuse SW values obtained from the analog data port of the instrument. The comparisons use only times when both the PARSL and SPN-1 data passed all QC testing. The data were further processed and analyzed by application of the SW Flux Analysis methodology (Long and Ackerman, 2000; Long and Gaustad, 2004, Long et al., 2006) to detect periods of clear skies, calculate continuous estimates of clear-sky SW irradiance and the effect of clouds on the downwelling SW, and estimate fractional sky cover.

Long, Charles N.

2014-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

97

Faraday rotation in graphene  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study magneto--optical properties of monolayer graphene by means of quantum field theory methods in the framework of the Dirac model. We reveal a good agreement between the Dirac model and a recent experiment on giant Faraday rotation in cyclotron resonance. We also predict other regimes when the effects are well pronounced. The general dependence of the Faraday rotation and absorption on various parameters of samples is revealed both for suspended and epitaxial graphene.

I. V. Fialkovsky; D. V. Vassilevich

2012-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

98

Electromagnetic rotational actuation.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There are many applications that need a meso-scale rotational actuator. These applications have been left by the wayside because of the lack of actuation at this scale. Sandia National Laboratories has many unique fabrication technologies that could be used to create an electromagnetic actuator at this scale. There are also many designs to be explored. In this internship exploration of the designs and fabrications technologies to find an inexpensive design that can be used for prototyping the electromagnetic rotational actuator.

Hogan, Alexander Lee

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

1  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Dust Properties Derived from Multi-Filter Rotating Dust Properties Derived from Multi-Filter Rotating Shadowband Radiometer Data in Niamey E. Kassianov, T. Ackerman, J. Barnard, C. Flynn, and S. McFarlane Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, Washington Introduction One of the key uncertainties in the earth's radiation balance is the effect of dust on radiative fluxes (aerosol radiative forcing), which in turn affects climatic processes on both planetary and local scales (e.g., Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change 2001; Sokolik et al. 2001). Since Saharan dust is one of the main sources of dust over the globe, its radiative effect has long been the subject of intensive studies. Recently, the ARM Mobile Facility (AMF) was deployed to Niamey, Niger, to participate in a large field campaign directed at elucidating the radiative effect of Saharan dust

100

Faraday Rotation Measure Synthesis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We extend the rotation measure work of Burn (1966) to the cases of limited sampling of lambda squared space and non-constant emission spectra. We introduce the rotation measure transfer function (RMTF), which is an excellent predictor of n-pi ambiguity problems with the lambda squared coverage. Rotation measure synthesis can be implemented very efficiently on modern computers. Because the analysis is easily applied to wide fields, one can conduct very fast RM surveys of weak spatially extended sources. Difficult situations, for example multiple sources along the line of sight, are easily detected and transparently handled. Under certain conditions, it is even possible to recover the emission as a function of Faraday depth within a single cloud of ionized gas. Rotation measure synthesis has already been successful in discovering widespread, weak, polarized emission associated with the Perseus cluster (De Bruyn and Brentjens, 2005). In simple, high signal to noise situations it is as good as traditional linear fits to polarization angle versus lambda squared plots. However, when the situation is more complex or very weak polarized emission at high rotation measures is expected, it is the only viable option.

M. A. Brentjens; A. G. de Bruyn

2005-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotating shadowband radiometers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Rotating Aperture System  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A rotating aperture system includes a low-pressure vacuum pumping stage with apertures for passage of a deuterium beam. A stator assembly includes holes for passage of the beam. The rotor assembly includes a shaft connected to a deuterium gas cell or a crossflow venturi that has a single aperture on each side that together align with holes every rotation. The rotating apertures are synchronized with the firing of the deuterium beam such that the beam fires through a clear aperture and passes into the Xe gas beam stop. Portions of the rotor are lapped into the stator to improve the sealing surfaces, to prevent rapid escape of the deuterium gas from the gas cell.

Rusnak, Brian (Livermore, CA); Hall, James M. (Livermore, CA); Shen, Stewart (Danville, CA); Wood, Richard L. (Santa Fe, NM)

2005-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

102

Rotation of Tokamak Equilibria  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is found that resistivity causes the self-consistent Tokamak equilibria to be unstable towards rotation about the magnetic axis. The growth rate is ?2?2?R2??2a4, with ? the resistivity, R(a) the major (minor) radius, and ? the rotational transform. This is comparable with the skin penetration rate ??a2 of the poloidal field. We employ simple magnetohydrodynamic theory with resistivity, without considering possible stabilization by other dissipative effects. The quantities ?, ?, and aR are regarded as small. Our result agrees with one obtained previously in the case of an externally fixed field.

R. D. Hazeltine; Edward P. Lee; M. N. Rosenbluth

1970-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

103

On the challenges of tomography retrievals of a 2D water vapor field using ground-based microwave radiometers: An observation system simulation experiment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Two-dimensional water vapor fields were retrieved by simulated measurements from multiple ground-based microwave radiometers using a tomographic approach. The goal of this paper was to investigate how the various aspects of the instrument set-up (...

Véronique Meunier; David D. Turner; Pavlos Kollias

104

Remotely Controlled, Continuous Observations of Infrared Radiance with the CSIRO/ARM Mark II Radiometer at the SGP CART Site  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Remotely Controlled, Continuous Observations of Remotely Controlled, Continuous Observations of Infrared Radiance with the CSIRO/ARM Mark II Radiometer at the SGP CART Site C. M. R. Platt and R. T. Austin Department of Atmospheric Science Colorado State University Fort Collins, Colorado C. M. R. Platt and J. A. Bennett Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization Atmospheric Research Aspendale, Victoria, Australia Abstract The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization/Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (CSIRO/ARM) Program Mark II infrared (IR) filter radiometer operated continuously at the Southern Great Plains (SGP) Cloud and Radiation Testbed (CART) site for a period of five weeks. Data of high quality were obtained by remote operation and data transfer with no evidence of spurious

105

Rotatable stem and lock  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A valve stem and lock include a housing surrounding a valve stem, a solenoid affixed to an interior wall of the housing, an armature affixed to the valve stem and a locking device for coupling the armature to the housing body. When the solenoid is energized, the solenoid moves away from the housing body, permitting rotation of the valve stem.

Deveney, Joseph E. (Albuquerque, NM); Sanderson, Stephen N. (Albuquerque, NM)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Muon spin rotation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... vast funding accorded high energy physics research in recent years.?SR-the acronym stands for Muon Spin Rotation, Relaxation, Resonance, Research or what have you, and refers to the ... the most promising new work related to purely chemical problems. Indeed, the use of muons in chemistry is striking not only for providing yet another probe of chemical systems, ...

G. C. Stirling

1978-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

107

Rotatable stem and lock  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A valve stem and lock is disclosed which includes a housing surrounding a valve stem, a solenoid affixed to an interior wall of the housing, an armature affixed to the valve stem and a locking device for coupling the armature to the housing body. When the solenoid is energized, the solenoid moves away from the housing body, permitting rotation of the valve stem.

Deveney, J.E.; Sanderson, S.N.

1981-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

108

A reactionless, bearingless linear shutter mechanism for the multispectral pushbroom imaging radiometer  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program is a multi-laboratory, interagency program as part of DOE`s principal entry into the US Global Change Research Program. Two issues addressed are the radiation budget and its spectral dependence, and radiative and other properties of clouds. Measures of solar flux divergence and energy exchanges between clouds, the earth, its oceans, and the atmosphere through various altitudes are sought. Additionally, the program seeks to provide measurements to calibrate satellite radiance products and validate their associated flux retrieval algorithms. Unmanned Aerospace Vehicles fly long, extended missions. MPIR is one of the primary instruments on the ARM-UAV campaigns. A shutter mechanism has been developed and flown as part of an airborne imaging radiometer having application to spacecraft or other applications requiring low vibration, high reliability, and long life. The device could be employed in other cases where a reciprocating platform is needed. Typical shutters and choppers utilize a spinning disc, or in very small instruments, a vibrating vane to continually interrupt incident light or radiation that enters the system. A spinning disk requires some sort of bearings that usually have limited life, and at a minimum introduce issues of reliability. Friction, lubrication and contamination always remain critical areas of concern, as well as the need for power to operate. Dual vibrating vanes may be dynamically well balanced as a set and are frictionless. However, these are limited by size in a practical sense. In addition, multiples of these devices are difficult to synchronize.

Krumel, L.J.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

109

Wave-driven Rotation in Supersonically Rotating Mirrors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Supersonic rotation in mirrors may be produced by radio frequency waves. The waves produce coupled diffusion in ion kinetic and potential energy. A population inversion along the diffusion path then produces rotation. Waves may be designed to exploit a natural kinetic energy source or may provide the rotation energy on their own. Centrifugal traps for fusion and isotope separation may benefit from this wave-driven rotation.

A. Fetterman and N.J. Fisch

2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

110

Rotating equipment shop testing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Poor performance of machinery after commissioning at first draws comments on whether the purchase specification was in order, whether there were any lapses in stage inspection or whether the performance test procedure was inadequate. Attempts are initiated to find out whether there were any deviations in operating conditions from the purchase specifications, inadvertent lapses in operation or any mistakes by the maintenance Dept. It will be of some interest to mention here a difference between operating companies who have taken over existing plants and engineering consulting companies who have engineered and constructed the plants. The specialist rotating machinery group of engineering consultant companies have a good understanding of what can be achieved at the manufacturer's test facility due to repeated dealings with manufacturers. However, operating company understanding varies from one organization to the next. This article gives an overview of rotating machinery with respect to test objectives and field problems.

Godse, A.G. (Kuwait National Petroleum Co., Shuaiba (KW))

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Rotatable seal assembly  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An assembly is provided for rotatably supporting a rotor on a stator so that vacuum chambers in the rotor and stator remain in communication while the chambers are sealed from ambient air, which enables the use of a ball bearing or the like to support most of the weight of the rotor. The apparatus includes a seal device mounted on the rotor to rotate therewith, but shiftable in position on the rotor while being sealed to the rotor as by an O-ring. The seal device has a flat face that is biased towards a flat face on the stator, and pressurized air is pumped between the faces to prevent contact between them while spacing them a small distance apart to avoid the inflow of large amounts of air between the faces and into the vacuum chambers.

Logan, Clinton M. (Pleasanton, CA); Garibaldi, Jack L. (Livermore, CA)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

ARM - Datastreams - 6sprpfrsr  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

sprpfrsr sprpfrsr Documentation Data Quality Plots Citation DOI: 10.5439/1095577 [ What is this? ] Generate Citation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Datastream : 6SPRPFRSR Portable Radiation Package: Fast Rotating Shadowband Radiometer full resolution 6-s sampling Active Dates 2012.11.02 - 2013.09.26 Measurement Categories Radiometric Originating Instrument Portable Radiation Package (PRP) Measurements Only measurements considered scientifically relevant are shown below by default. Show all measurements Measurement Units Variable Altitude above mean sea level m alt Base time in Epoch seconds since 1970-1-1 0:00:00 0:00 base_time Bin numbers for sweep measurements unitless bin ( bin )

113

ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Scale Analysis of Spatial and Temporal Variability of Aerosol Optical Scale Analysis of Spatial and Temporal Variability of Aerosol Optical Properties Over the SGP Site based on MFRSR and MODIS Data Alexandrov, M.D.(a,b), Marshak, A.(b), Cairns, B.(a,b), Lacis, A.A.(b), and Carlson, B.E.(b), Columbia University (a), NASA (b) Thirteenth Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Science Team Meeting We present scale-by-scale analysis of variability of atmospheric aerosol optical thickness (AOT) and (preliminary) of the Angstrom exponent. This analysis is based on retrievals from Multi-Filter Rotating Shadowband Radiometers (MFRSRs) and from Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) satellite data. This type of analysis has been applied to a remote sensing aerosol dataset for the first time. The MFRSR data were collected

114

Integrated Study of MFRSR-derived Parameters of Atmospheric Aerosols and Trace Gases Over the ARM CART Site Extended Facili...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Integrated Study of MFRSR-Derived Parameters of Integrated Study of MFRSR-Derived Parameters of Atmospheric Aerosols and Trace Gases Over the ARM CART Site Extended Facilities - Comparison with Satellite and Other Ground-Based Measurements M. D. Alexandrov and B. Cairns Columbia University National Aeronautics and Space Administration Goddard Institute for Space Studies New York, New York A. A. Lacis and B. E. Carlson National Aeronautics and Space Administration Goddard Institute for Space Studies New York, New York Comparison of SGP MFRSR Network Aerosol Retrievals with MODIS Aerosol Product The network of Multi-filter Rotating Shadowband Radiometers (MFRSRs) at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program Cloud and Radiation Testbed (CART) site consists of 21 instrument sites

115

ARM - VAP Product - mfrsrcldod1min  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Productsmfrsrcldodmfrsrcldod1min Productsmfrsrcldodmfrsrcldod1min Documentation Data Management Facility Plots (Quick Looks) Citation DOI: 10.5439/1027296 [ What is this? ] Generate Citation ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send VAP Output : MFRSRCLDOD1MIN Derived: Cloud Optical Properties from MFRSR, MWR, Langley Analysis Active Dates 1997.08.21 - 2013.10.08 Originating VAP Process Cloud Optical Properties from MFRSR Using Min Algorithm : MFRSRCLDOD Description The mfrsrcldod1min value-added product produces cloud optical properties (optical depth and effective radius) from multi-filter rotating shadowband radiometer (MFRSR) , micorwave radiomter (MWR) and the Langley analysis Value Added Product (Langley VAP).

116

ARM - Evaluation Product - Aerosol Optical Depths from SASHE  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ProductsAerosol Optical Depths from SASHE ProductsAerosol Optical Depths from SASHE Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Evaluation Product : Aerosol Optical Depths from SASHE Site(s) PVC SGP General Description The Shortwave Array Spectroradiometer Hemispheric (SASHE) is a ground-based instrument that measures both direct and diffuse shortwave irradiance. In this regard, the instrument is similar to the multifilter rotating shadowband radiometer (MFRSR)-an instrument that has been in the ARM Facility stable for more than 15 years. However, the two instruments differ significantly in wavelength resolution and range. In particular, the SASHE provides hyperspectral measurements from about 350 nm to 1700 nm at a wavelength resolution from 1 to several nanometers, while the MFRSR only

117

Section 48  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

3 3 Comparison of Water Vapor Data at the Southern Great Plains Site and its Implications for Water Vapor Continuum Absorption in the Near-Infrared During the ARM Enhanced Shortwave Experiment Period A. M. Vogelmann, V. Ramanathan and W. C. Conant Center for Atmospheric Sciences and Center for Clouds, Chemistry and Climate Scripps Institution of Oceanography La Jolla, California Introduction ARESE Data and Modeling Several studies find that the observed atmospheric solar Narrowband water vapor transmission and aerosol optical absorption is systematically greater than that computed by depths are retrieved from direct beam irradiances measured by models in clear skies (Wild et al. 1995; Charlock and Alberta the Multifilter Rotating Shadow-band Radiometer (MFRSR)

118

ARM - Data Announcements Article  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

5, 2013 [Data Announcements] 5, 2013 [Data Announcements] Rejected! Update to Langley VAP Dismisses Outliers Bookmark and Share An example of a clear day where most values made it through the cloud screening algorithm. An example of a clear day where most values made it through the cloud screening algorithm. A Langley plot is a regression of log (signal) versus airmass. Under appropriate conditions, the Langley regression yields values that represent the response of an instrument in absence of atmosphere (i.e., at the top of atmosphere), and these values are ultimately useful for instrument calibration. The existing LANGLEY VAP (available through special request from the ARM Data Archive) uses input from the multifilter rotating shadowband radiometer (MFRSR). This new addition to LANGLEY uses the

119

austin-99.PDF  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Retrieval of Liquid Water Path and Effective Drop Size Retrieval of Liquid Water Path and Effective Drop Size Using Radar Data and Shortwave Optical Depth R. T. Austin and G. L. Stephens Department of Atmospheric Science Colorado State University Fort Collins, Colorado Q.-L. Min Atmospheric Sciences Research Center State University of New York Albany, New York Introduction We present a new retrieval of liquid water path (LWP), effective drop size, and liquid water content (LWC) of water clouds, based on data from the Millimeter-Wave Cloud Radar (MMCR) and shortwave optical depths retrieved from the Multifilter Rotating Shadowband Radiometer (MFRSR) (Min and Harrison 1996). This algorithm is being developed in anticipation of the 94-GHz radar and Profiling Oxygen A-band Spectrometer/Visible Imager (PABSI) data to be available from the CloudSat platform

120

Kiedron(1)-PW  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Column Water Vapor from Diffuse Irradiance Column Water Vapor from Diffuse Irradiance P. W. Kiedron, J. L. Berndt, L. C. Harrison, J. J. Michalsky, and Q.-L. Min Atmospheric Sciences Research Center State University of New York Albany, New York Abstract A possibility of measuring water vapor column from diffuse irradiance, and thus the extension of optical retrievals to cloudy days, was investigated. The data from the Rotating Shadowband Spectroradiometer (RSS) during its winter deployment at the North Slope of Alaska (NSA) site is used. The initial analysis covers 20 days in March 1999 that include clear, partly cloudy, and overcast days. During these days, water vapor column according to the NSA site's Microwave Radiometer (MWR) varied between 1 and 5 mm. The diffuse irradiances in the 820 and 940-nm water vapor absorption bands are compared with

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotating shadowband radiometers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

ARM - Datastreams - prpfrsr  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Datastreamsprpfrsr Datastreamsprpfrsr Documentation Data Quality Plots ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Datastream : PRPFRSR Portable Radiation Package: Fast Rotating Shadowband Radiometer Active Dates 2012.11.02 - 2013.09.26 Measurement Categories Radiometric Originating Instrument Portable Radiation Package (PRP) Measurements Only measurements considered scientifically relevant are shown below by default. Show all measurements Measurement Units Variable Altitude above mean sea level m alt Base time in Epoch seconds since 1970-1-1 0:00:00 0:00 base_time Bin numbers for sweep measurements unitless bin ( bin ) Shortwave broadband total downwelling irradiance Shadow record, mean hemispheric irradiance at end of sweep, broadband channel mV end_sweep_hemisp_broadband ( time )

122

ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Comparison of Spectral and Broadband Measurements of Surface Flux with Comparison of Spectral and Broadband Measurements of Surface Flux with Model Calculations on Clear Days at the ARM SGP Site Arking, A. (a), Liu, F. (a), Harrison, L. C. (b), Pilewskie, P. (c), and Chou, M.-D. (d), Johns Hopkins University (a), State University of New York, Albany (b), NASA Ames Research Center (c), NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (d) Eleventh Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Science Team Meeting Observations of spectral and broadband solar irradiance at the ARM/SGP site have been compared with line-by-line model calculations. The spectral measurements were made with the SUNY Albany Rotating Shadowband Spectroradiometer (RSS) and the NASA Ames Solar Spectral Flux Radiometer (SSFR). The broadband measurements were made with the Baseline Solar

123

ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Evidence for Aerosol Effects on AERI Clear-Sky Radiance at the SGP Evidence for Aerosol Effects on AERI Clear-Sky Radiance at the SGP Ma, Y., and Ellingson, R.G., University of Maryland Ninth Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Science Team Meeting The Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer (AERI) Line-by-Line Radiative Transfer Model (LBLRTM) Quality Measurement Experiment (QME) 10-micron window residuals have been examined relative to the Multifilter Rotating Shadowband Radiometer (MFRSR) 0.87-micron optical depth for clear-sky periods during 1997-98. The analysis shows an increasing aerosol influence on the downwelling radiance with aerosol optical depth for columnar water totals below about 3 cm. Above 3 cm, the residuals become negatively correlated with both aerosol optical depth and precipitable water. This change in the characteristics suggests that the current LBLRTM

124

Section 94  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

9 9 Shortwave Radiometry and Analysis at the Southern Great Plains (SGP) Site L. Harrison, J. J. Michalsky and Q. Min Atmospheric Sciences Research Center State University of New York - Albany Albany, New York Here we report the results of three parallel efforts: the recal- 0.3%. Likewise, Joe Michalsky went to the SGP site with a ibration and reanalysis of pyrano-metric data from Southern recently calibrated Eppley Normal Incidence Pyrheliometer Great Plains (SGP) to improve its accuracy, use of the (NIP) and an Eppley Precision Spectral Pyranometer (PSP). multifilter rotating shadowband radiometer (MFRSR) data to derive cloud optical depths and then tests of radiative transfer The Baseline Surface Radiation Network (BSRN) and Solar models to predict shortwave irradiance under cloudy skies,

125

ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Using a MFRSR to Calculate Direct and Diffuse Broadband Measurements from Using a MFRSR to Calculate Direct and Diffuse Broadband Measurements from Global Broadband Measurements Cornwall, C.R. (a,b), Hodges, G.B. (a,b), and DeLuisi, J.D. (b), University of Colorado Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences (a), NOAA Air Resources Lab (b) Eleventh Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Science Team Meeting Research Objective: To infer values of direct solar irradiance using data from a Multi-Filter Rotating Shadowband Radiometer (MFRSR) and a broadband pyranometer measuring global horizontal irradiance. Methodology: The MFRSR measures global and diffuse radiation over six narrow spectral bands as well as one broadband (silicon pyranometer). Values for corresponding direct normal irradiances are automatically calculated as part of the MFRSR

126

cheng-98.PDF  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

1 1 Development of a Two-Year-Long ARM Total Optical Depth Data Set Using the Least-Median-Squares Technique M.-D. Cheng Environmental Sciences Division Oak Ridge National Laboratory Oak Ridge, Tennessee Introduction A 2-year-long total optical depth (TOD) data set of 30-minute resolution from September 20, 1995, to May 18, 1997, has been constructed for the Southern Great Plains (SGP) site. The TOD values were derived from the surface shortwave irradiance measurements taken by one [E13/Solar Infrared Observing System (SIROS)] of the multifilter rotating shadowband radiometers (MFRSRs). This data set represents the "best" TOD estimate that spans several ARM intensive observation periods (IOPs). The best estimate of TOD value was computed as the composite of TODs that

127

Sky Cover from MFRSR Observations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The diffuse all-sky surface irradiances measured at two nearby wavelengths in the visible spectral range and their model clear-sky counterparts are two main components of a new method for estimating the fractional sky cover of different cloud types, including cumulus clouds. The performance of this method is illustrated using 1-min resolution data from ground-based Multi-Filter Rotating Shadowband Radiometer (MFRSR). The MFRSR data are collected at the U.S. Department of Energy Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility (ACRF) Southern Great Plains (SGP) site during the summer of 2007 and represent 13 days with cumulus clouds. Good agreement is obtained between estimated values of the fractional sky cover and those provided by a well-established independent method based on broadband observations.

Kassianov, Evgueni I.; Barnard, James C.; Berg, Larry K.; Flynn, Connor J.; Long, Charles N.

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Shortwave Spectral Radiative Forcing of Cumulus Clouds from Surface Observations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The spectral changes of the total cloud radiative forcing (CRF) and its diffuse and direct components are examined by using spectrally resolved (visible spectral range) all-sky surface irradiances measured by Multi-Filter Rotating Shadowband Radiometer. We demonstrate: (i) the substantial contribution of the diffuse component to the total CRF, (ii) the well-defined spectral variations of total CRF in the visible spectral region, and (iii) the strong statistical relationship between spectral (500 nm) and shortwave broadband values of total CRF. Our results suggest that the framework based on the visible narrowband fluxes can provide important radiative quantities for rigorous evaluation of radiative transfer parameterizations and can be applied for estimation of the shortwave total CRF.

Kassianov, Evgueni I.; Barnard, James C.; Berg, Larry K.; Long, Charles N.; Flynn, Connor J.

2011-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

129

Implications of the In?Situ Measured Mass Absorption Cross Section of Organic Aerosols in Mexico City on the Atmospheric Energy Balance, Satellite Retrievals, and Photochemistry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The absorption of short wave incoming solar radiation by the organic component of aerosols has been examined by using data from the MCMA?2003 and the 2006 MILAGRO field campaigns. Both field efforts took place in and around Mexico City. Single Scattering Albedo (SSA) was derived as a function of wavelength (300–870 nm) by combining irradiance measurements from a Multi?Filter Rotating Shadowband Radiometer (MFRSR) and spectrally resolved actinic flux measurements by spectroradiometry with a radiative transfer model (TUV). In addition organic aerosol mass measured by a surface deployed aerodyne aerosol mass spectrometer was used to estimate the Mass Absorption Cross?section (MAC) of Organic Carbon (OC). It was found that the MAC for OC is about 10.5? m 2 / g at 300 nm and falls close to zero at about 500 nm; these values are roughly consistent with previous MAC estimates of OC and present first in?situ observations of this quantity.

B. Dix; J. C. Barnard; R. Volkamer

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

ARM - Evaluation Product - SASHE Langley Regressions  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ProductsSASHE Langley Regressions ProductsSASHE Langley Regressions Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Evaluation Product : SASHE Langley Regressions Site(s) PVC SGP General Description The Shortwave Array Spectroradiometer Hemispheric (SAS-He) is a ground-based instrument that measures both direct and diffuse shortwave irradiance. In this regard, the instrument is similar to the Multi-Filter Rotating Shadowband Radiometer (MFRSR) - an instrument that has been in the ACRF stable for more than 15 years. However, the two instruments differ significantly in wavelength resolution and range. In particular, the SAS-He provides hyperspectral measurements from about 350 nm to 1700 nm at a wavelength resolution from 1 to several nanometers, while the MFRSR only

131

ARM - PI Product - Aerosol Retrievals from ARM SGP MFRSR Data  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ProductsAerosol Retrievals from ARM SGP MFRSR Data ProductsAerosol Retrievals from ARM SGP MFRSR Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send PI Product : Aerosol Retrievals from ARM SGP MFRSR Data 2000.01.01 - 2000.12.31 Site(s) SGP General Description The Multi-Filter Rotating Shadowband Radiometer (MFRSR) makes precise simultaneous measurements of the solar direct normal and diffuse horizontal irradiances at six wavelengths (nominally 415, 500, 615, 673, 870, and 940 nm) at short intervals (20 sec for ARM instruments) throughout the day. Time series of spectral optical depth are derived from these measurements. Besides water vapor at 940 nm, the other gaseous absorbers within the MFRSR channels are NO2 (at 415, 500, and 615 nm) and ozone (at 500, 615, and 670

132

Results of First Outdoor Comparison Between Absolute Cavity Pyrgeometer (ACP) and Infrared Integrating Sphere (IRIS) Radiometer at PMOD (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ACP and IRIS are developed to establish a world reference for calibrating pyrgeometers with traceability to SI units. The two radiometers are unwindowed with negligible spectral dependence, and traceable to SI units through the temperature scale (ITS-90). The first outdoor comparison between the two designs was held from January 28 to February 8, 2013 at the Physikalisch-Metorologisches Observatorium Davos (PMOD). The difference between the irradiance measured by ACP and that of IRIS was within 1 W/m2. A difference of 5 W/m2 was observed between the irradiance measured by ACP&IRIS and that of the interim World Infrared Standard Group (WISG).

Reda, I.; Grobner, J.; Wacker, S.; Stoffel, T.

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Synthesis of macrocyclic polyaminocarboxylates and their use for preparing stable radiometal antibody immunoconjugates for therapy, SPECT and PET imaging  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A simple method for the synthesis of 1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane N,N{prime}N{double_prime},N{prime}{double_prime}-tetraacetic acid and 1,4,8,11-tetraazacyclotetradecane N,N{prime},N{double_prime},N{prime}{double_prime}-tetraacetic acid involves cyanomethylating 1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane or 1,4,8,11-tetraazacyclotetradecane to form a tetranitrile and hydrolyzing the tetranitrile. These macrocyclic compounds are functionalized through one of the carboxylates and then conjugated to various biological molecules including monoclonal antibodies. The resulting conjugated molecules are labeled with radiometals for SPECT and PET imaging and for radiotherapy. 4 figs.

Mease, R.C.; Mausner, L.F.; Srivastava, S.C.

1995-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

134

Rotating drum filter  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A perforated drum (10) rotates in a coaxial cylindrical housing (18) having three circumferential ports (19,22,23), and an axial outlet (24) at one end. The axis (11) is horizontal. A fibrous filter medium (20) is fed through a port (19) on or near the top of the housing (81) by a distributing mechanism (36) which lays a uniform mat (26) of the desired thickness onto the rotating drum (10). This mat (26) is carried by the drum (10) to a second port (23) through which dirty fluid (13) enters. The fluid (13) passes through the filter (26) and the cleaned stream (16) exits through the open end (15) of the drum (10) and the axial port (24) in the housing (18). The dirty filter material (20) is carried on to a third port (22) near the bottom of the housing (18) and drops into a receiver (31) from which it is continuously removed, cleaned (30), and returned (32) to the charging port (36) at the top. To support the filter mat, the perforated cylinder may carry a series of tines (40), shaped blades (41), or pockets, so that the mat (26) will not fall from the drum (10) prematurely. To minimize risk of mat failure, the fluid inlet port (23) may be located above the horizontal centerline (11).

Anson, Donald (Worthington, OH)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Digital rotation measurement unit  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A digital rotation indicator is disclosed for monitoring the position of a valve member having a movable actuator. The indicator utilizes mercury switches adapted to move in cooperation with the actuator. Each of the switches produces an output as it changes state when the actuator moves. A direction detection circuit is connected to the switches to produce a first digital signal indicative of the direction of rotation of the actuator. A count pulse generating circuit is also connected to the switches to produce a second digital pulse signal having count pulses corresponding to a change of state of any of the mercury switches. A reset pulse generating circuit is provided to generate a reset pulse each time a count pulse is generated. An up/down counter is connected to receive the first digital pulse signal and the second digital pulse signal and to count the pulses of the second digital pulse signal either up or down depending upon the instantaneous digital value of the first digital signal whereby a running count indicative of the movement of the actuator is maintained.

Sanderson, S.N.

1983-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

136

ARM - Midlatitude Continental Convective Clouds Microwave Radiometer Profiler (jensen-mwr)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A major component of the Mid-latitude Continental Convective Clouds Experiment (MC3E) field campaign was the deployment of an enhanced radiosonde array designed to capture the vertical profile of atmospheric state variables (pressure, temperature, humidity wind speed and wind direction) for the purpose of deriving the large-scale forcing for use in modeling studies. The radiosonde array included six sites (enhanced Central Facility [CF-1] plus five new sites) launching radiosondes at 3-6 hour sampling intervals. The network will cover an area of approximately (300)2 km2 with five outer sounding launch sites and one central launch location. The five outer sounding launch sites are: S01 Pratt, KS [ 37.7oN, 98.75oW]; S02 Chanute, KS [37.674, 95.488]; S03 Vici, Oklahoma [36.071, -99.204]; S04 Morris, Oklahoma [35.687, -95.856]; and S05 Purcell, Oklahoma [34.985, -97.522]. Soundings from the SGP Central Facility during MC3E can be retrieved from the regular ARM archive. During routine MC3E operations 4 radiosondes were launched from each of these sites (approx. 0130, 0730, 1330 and 1930 UTC). On days that were forecast to be convective up to four additional launches were launched at each site (approx. 0430, 1030, 1630, 2230 UTC). There were a total of approximately 14 of these high frequency launch days over the course of the experiment. These files contain brightness temperatures observed at Purcell during MC3E. The measurements were made with a 5 channel (22.235, 23.035, 23.835, 26.235, 30.000GHz) microwave radiometer at one minute intervals. The results have been separated into daily files and the day of observations is indicated in the file name. All observations were zenith pointing. Included in the files are the time variables base_time and time_offset. These follow the ARM time conventions. Base_time is the number seconds since January 1, 1970 at 00:00:00 for the first data point of the file and time_offset is the offset in seconds from base_time.

Jensen, Mike

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Rotating Shadow Arm for Broadband Hemispheric Radiometers: Instrument Design and Concept Verification Using Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Southern Great Plains Radiometer...

138

ARM - Facility News Article  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

June 15, 2006 [Facility News] June 15, 2006 [Facility News] Data From Rotating Shadowband Spectroradiometer Now Available in Data Archive Bookmark and Share The Rotating Shadowband Spectroradiometer (RSS) is calibrated bi-weekly with external lamp calibrators for accuracy. The Rotating Shadowband Spectroradiometer (RSS) is calibrated bi-weekly with external lamp calibrators for accuracy. After refinements based on a series of successful field trials, the latest Rotating Shadowband Spectroradiometer (RSS) joins the collection of permanent ARM instruments at the ARM Southern Great Plains (SGP) site. The current RSS-known as the RSS105-is deployed at the SGP Central Facility and is the first commercially built RSS manufactured by Yankee Environmental Systems, Inc. Since its deployment in May 2003, the RSS has

139

Validation of Geolocation of Measurements of the Clouds and the Earth’s Radiant Energy System (CERES) Scanning Radiometers aboard Three Spacecraft  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Clouds and the Earth’s Radiant Energy System (CERES) instrument is a scanning radiometer for measuring Earth-emitted and -reflected solar radiation to understand Earth’s energy balance. One CERES instrument was placed into orbit aboard the ...

G. Louis Smith; Kory J. Priestley; Phillip C. Hess; Chris Currey; Peter Spence

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Cooling system for rotating machine  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An electrical machine comprising a rotor is presented. The electrical machine includes the rotor disposed on a rotatable shaft and defining a plurality of radial protrusions extending from the shaft up to a periphery of the rotor. The radial protrusions having cavities define a fluid path. A stationary shaft is disposed concentrically within the rotatable shaft wherein an annular space is formed between the stationary and rotatable shaft. A plurality of magnetic segments is disposed on the radial protrusions and the fluid path from within the stationary shaft into the annular space and extending through the cavities within the radial protrusions.

Gerstler, William Dwight (Niskayuna, NY); El-Refaie, Ayman Mohamed Fawzi (Niskayuna, NY); Lokhandwalla, Murtuza (Clifton Park, NY); Alexander, James Pellegrino (Ballston Lake, NY); Quirion, Owen Scott (Clifton Park, NY); Palafox, Pepe (Schenectady, NY); Shen, Xiaochun (Schenectady, NY); Salasoo, Lembit (Schenectady, NY)

2011-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotating shadowband radiometers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Antimagnetic rotation in 104Pd  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The electric quadrupole transition rates for the high-spin yrast states of 104Pd have been measured by using the Doppler-shift attenuation method. These values decrease with the increase of angular momentum, which can be associated with the phenomenon of antimagnetic rotation. In the present work, a numerical calculation based on the semiclassical particle plus rotor model for antimagnetic rotation has been employed, giving a good description of the experimental Routhian and the transition rates and providing conclusive evidence of antimagnetic rotation in a nucleus other than cadmium.

N. Rather; S. Roy; P. Datta; S. Chattopadhyay; A. Goswami; S. Nag; R. Palit; S. Pal; S. Saha; J. Sethi; T. Trivedi; H. C. Jain

2014-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

142

GVR (G-Band Vapor Radiometer) M.P. Cadeddu and J.C. Liljegren Argonne Natl. Laboratory  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

ARM 90/150 GHz data at ARM 90/150 GHz data at COPS M.P. Cadeddu, A. Vogelmann, D.D. Turner, S. Crewell, U. Lönhert MWRHF (90/150) data Data available at archives from 06/22 to 12/31 Challenges associated with instrument: New instrument - new technology We still need to learn about calibration Spectral region (WV continuum) still uncertain in models Data available at archives from 06/22 to 12/31 Challenges associated with instrument: New instrument - new technology We still need to learn about calibration Spectral region (WV continuum) still uncertain in models Weather conditions were not ideal for the initial testing of the instrument. The radiometer did not calibrate from 06/30 until 10/13 The few calibrations in June may have been affected by dew formation Calibration of summer data is

143

PDF Rotating Probe VW Dwg  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

7.350 PDF Rotating Probe Drawing 45 T 32 mm bore Top Loading into mixture dilution refrigerator 30 mK< T < 900 mK Heater & Thermometer location 24 pin SIP connector BeCu Spring...

144

Rotation curves of rotating galactic BEC dark matter halos  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the dynamics of rotating Bose Condensate galactic dark matter halos, made of an ultralight spinless boson. We restrict to the case of adding axisymmetric rigid rotation to initially spherically symmetric structures and show there are three regimes: i) small angular momentum, that basically retains the drawbacks of spherically symmetric halos related to compactness and failure at explaining galactic RCs, ii) an intermediate range of values of angular momentum that allow the existence of long-lived structures with acceptable RC profiles, and iii) high angular momentum, in which the structure is dispersed away by rotation. We also present in detail the new code used to solve the Gross-Pitaevskii Poisson system of equations in three dimensions.

F. S. Guzman; F. D. Lora-Clavijo; J. J. Gonzalez-Aviles; F. J. Rivera-Paleo

2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

145

Vacuum friction in rotating particles  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the frictional torque acting on particles rotating in empty space. At zero temperature, vacuum friction transforms mechanical energy into light emission and produces particle heating. However, particle cooling relative to the environment occurs at finite temperatures and low rotation velocities. Radiation emission is boosted and its spectrum significantly departed from a hot-body emission profile as the velocity increases. Stopping times ranging from hours to billions of years are predicted for materials, particle sizes, and temperatures accessible to experiment. Implications for the behavior of cosmic dust are discussed.

A. Manjavacas; F. J. García de Abajo

2010-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

146

Monitoring of Precipitable Water Vapor and Cloud Liquid Path from Scanning Microwave Radiometers During the 2003 Cloudiness Inter-Comparison Experiment  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Monitoring of Precipitable Water Vapor and Cloud Liquid Monitoring of Precipitable Water Vapor and Cloud Liquid Path from Scanning Microwave Radiometers During the 2003 Cloudiness Inter-Comparison Experiment V. Mattioli Department of Electronic and Information Engineering University of Perugia Perugia, Italy E. R. Westwater Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences University of Colorado National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Environmental Technology Laboratory Boulder, Colorado V. Morris Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, Washington Introduction Ground-based microwave radiometers (MWR) are widely used to measure atmospheric precipitable water vapor (PWV) and cloud liquid path (CLP). Comparisons of PWV derived from MWRs with water vapor retrievals from instruments like radiosondes, Global Positioning System (GPS) and Raman

147

Rotation, inflation, and lithium in the Pleiades  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The rapidly rotating cool dwarfs of the Pleiades are rich in lithium relative to their slowly rotating counterparts. Motivated by observations of inflated radii in young, active stars, and by calculations showing that radius inflation inhibits pre-main sequence (pre-MS) Li destruction, we test whether this pattern could arise from a connection between stellar rotation rate and radius inflation on the pre-MS. We demonstrate that pre-MS radius inflation can efficiently suppress lithium destruction by rotationally induced mixing, and that the net effect of inflation and rotational mixing is a pattern where rotation correlates with lithium abundance for $M_{*} {\\rm M}_{\\odot}$, similar to the empirical trend in the Pleiades. Next, we adopt different prescriptions for the dependence of inflation on rotation, and compare their predictions to the Pleiades lithium/rotation pattern. A connection between rotation and radius inflation naturally and generically reproduces the important qualitative features of this patte...

Somers, Garrett

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Force-free magnetosphere of an aligned rotator with differential rotation of open magnetic field lines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Here we briefly report on results of self-consistent numerical modeling of a differentially rotating force-free magnetosphere of an aligned rotator. We show that differential rotation of the open field line z...

A. N. Timokhin

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Force-free magnetosphere of an aligned rotator with differential rotation of open magnetic field lines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Here we briefly report on results of self-consistent numerical modeling of a differentially rotating force-free magnetosphere of an aligned rotator. We show that differential rotation of the open field line z...

A. N. Timokhin

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Rotationally invariant multilevel block codes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The objective of this thesis is to evaluate the performance of block codes that are designed to be rotationally invariant, in a multilevel coding scheme, over a channel modelled to be white gaussian noise. Also, the use of non-binary codes...

Kulandaivelu, Anita

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

151

Plasma Rotation during Spheromak Formation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We observe Doppler shifts of a CIII impurity line in a spheromak plasma showing toroidal rotation during the formation phase of the spheromak configuration but not during the equilibrium or decay phase. The evolution of the velocity fields is consistent with the estimated rate of cross-helicity decay given the viscosity and resistivity of the plasma.

T. Peyser and G. C. Goldenbaum

1988-08-22T23:59:59.000Z

152

CN vibration–rotation spectrum  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

CN vibration–rotation bands for the sequences (1–0) through (4–3) and (2–0) through (4–2) were observed in a King furnace and measured in the spectral regions 1797–2208 and 3740–4156...

Davis, Sumner P; Brault, James W; Abrams, Mark C; Rao, M L P

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Wave-Driven Rotation In Centrifugal Mirrors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Centrifugal mirrors use supersonic rotation to provide axial confinement and enhanced stability. Usually the rotation is produced using electrodes, but these electrodes have limited the rotation to the Alfven critical ionization velocity, which is too slow to be useful for fusion. Instead, the rotation could be produced using radio frequency waves. A fixed azimuthal ripple is a simple and efficient wave that could produce rotation by harnessing alpha particle energy. This is an extension of the alpha channeling effect. The alpha particle power and efficiency in a simulated devices is sufficient to produce rotation without external energy input. By eliminating the need for electrodes, this opens new opportunities for centrifugal traps.

Abraham J. Fetterman and Nathaniel J. Fisch

2011-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

154

Impact of plasma poloidal rotation on resistive wall mode instability in toroidally rotating plasmas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Stability of resistive wall mode (RWM) is investigated in a cylindrical plasma and an axisymmetric toroidal plasma by taking into account not only toroidal rotation but also poloidal rotation. Since the Doppler shifted frequency is responsible for the RWM stability, the modification of this Doppler shifted frequency by poloidal rotation affects the rotation effect on RWM. When a poloidal rotation frequency is not so large, the effect of poloidal rotation on the RWM stability can be approximately treated with the modified toroidal rotation frequency. In a toroidal plasma, this modified frequency is determined by subtracting a toroidal component of the rotation parallel to the magnetic field from the toroidal rotation frequency. The poloidal rotation that counteracts the effect of the Doppler shift strongly reduces the stabilizing effect of toroidal rotation, but by changing the rotational direction, the poloidal rotation enhances this stabilizing effect. This trend is confirmed in not only a cylindrical plasma but also a toroidal plasma. This result indicates that poloidal rotation produces the dependence of the critical toroidal rotation frequency for stabilizing RWM on the rotational direction of toroidal rotation in the same magnetic configuration.

Aiba, N.; Shiraishi, J. [Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Naka, Ibaraki 311-0193 (Japan); Tokuda, S. [Research Organization for Information Science and Technology, Kita-Shinagawa, Shinagawa, Tokyo 140-0001 (Japan)

2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

155

Rapidly Rotating Pulsars and Jacobi Ellipsoids  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In connection with the evolution of a rotating Jacobi ellipsoid through the emission of gravitational radiation, we discuss the possibility that rapidly rotating pulsars can assume such triaxial, nonaxisymmetrical configurations.

W. Y. Chau and P. Srulovicz

1971-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

156

Consider Steam Turbine Drives for Rotating Equipment  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This tip sheet outlines the benefits of steam turbine drives for rotating equipment as part of optimized steam systems.

157

Accelerating and rotating black holes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An exact solution of Einstein's equations which represents a pair of accelerating and rotating black holes (a generalised form of the spinning C-metric) is presented. The starting point is a form of the Plebanski-Demianski metric which, in addition to the usual parameters, explicitly includes parameters which describe the acceleration and angular velocity of the sources. This is transformed to a form which explicitly contains the known special cases for either rotating or accelerating black holes. Electromagnetic charges and a NUT parameter are included, the relation between the NUT parameter $l$ and the Plebanski-Demianski parameter $n$ is given, and the physical meaning of all parameters is clarified. The possibility of finding an accelerating NUT solution is also discussed.

J. B. Griffiths; J. Podolsky

2005-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

158

Faraday rotation system. Topical report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Faraday Rotation System (FRS) is one of the advanced laser-based diagnostics developed at DIAL to provide support for the demonstration of prototype-scale coal-fired combustion magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) electrical power generation. Intended for application in the MHD channel, the system directly measures electron density through a measurement of the induced rotation in the polarization of a far infrared laser beam after passing through the MHD flow along the magnetic field lines. A measurement of the induced polarization ellipticity provides a measure of the electron collision frequency which together with the electron density gives the electron conductivity, a crucial parameter for MHD channel performance. The theory of the measurements, a description of the system, its capabilities, laboratory demonstration measurements on seeded flames with comparison to emission absorption measurements, and the current status of the system are presented in this final report.

Bauman, L.E.; Wang, W.

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Rotating concave eddy current probe  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A rotating concave eddy current probe for detecting fatigue cracks hidden from view underneath the head of a raised head fastener, such as a buttonhead-type rivet, used to join together structural skins, such as aluminum aircraft skins. The probe has a recessed concave dimple in its bottom surface that closely conforms to the shape of the raised head. The concave dimple holds the probe in good alignment on top of the rivet while the probe is rotated around the rivet's centerline. One or more magnetic coils are rigidly embedded within the probe's cylindrical body, which is made of a non-conducting material. This design overcomes the inspection impediment associated with widely varying conductivity in fastened joints.

Roach, Dennis P. (Albuquerque, NM); Walkington, Phil (Albuquerque, NM); Rackow, Kirk A. (Albuquerque, NM); Hohman, Ed (Albuquerque, NM)

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Modulation Field Induces Universe Rotation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, we consider a time dependent module field on spacetime extension without modifying commutative relation on noncommutative quantum plane. The significant idea is that $Lorentz$ symmetry is conserved in module and unmodule coordinate. We focus on the redefinition of spacetime structure without considering noncommutative bosonic gas in deforming the product between fields. Which the null vector is a vector on orthogonal $D$ dimensional $Hilbert$ spacetime. In $Riemann$ geometry, the equation of motion is deformed from an induced rotation. Particle field survives on the state composed by two theoretical assumed $null$ vectors, one is commutative, another is anticommutative. In the point of view, neutrino and photon mass are produced by its shift, the rotated effect generates a horizon in redefining particle field.

Chien Yu Chen

2008-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotating shadowband radiometers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Rotational motion of molecules and neutron scattering  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The differential neutron scattering cross section for scattering from a rigid rotating molecule in a general isotropic medium (condensed or gas state of matter) is presented. It is based on a model which assumes the complete rotational motion to consist of a damped form of free rotations and of damped librations respectively. The two phases of rotation are assumed to be coupled to microscopic density fluctuations in the medium in such a way that densities larger than the average allow only damped librations whereas densities lower than the average allow only damped rotations. The cross section is derived with the aid of a step function formalism first used by Singwi and Sjölander. Further use is made of Sears' earlier work on rotational scattering cross sections. The resulting cross section describes the molecular motions in a range of conditions from free rotations to undamped libration including all possible intermediate damped motions. The model differs from those created earlier insofar as the rotational diffusion is not necessarily described as a motion consisting of free rotations over smaller or larger angles interrupted by brief collisions. The collisions may in the present model be replaced by shorter or longer periods of libration. Numerical calculations of the Fourier transform S 1(?) of the first rotational relaxation function F 1(t) is performed using explicit models for the librational and rotational relaxation functions and for such a choice of numerical constants that the results should describe various hypothetical rotational motions of the methane molecule.

K. E. Larsson

1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

The Rotation of the Earth's Inner Core  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...rotation torque 1984 03 08 Rotation in the solar system London United Kingdom GeoRef, Copyright...Earth Atmos. Sci. Spat. Toronto, ON Canada Smylie D. E. Author 171 184 Rotation in the solar system Hide R. editor The Royal Society London...

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

On the Energy of Rotating Gravitational Waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A class of solutions of the gravitational field equations describing vacuum spacetimes outside rotating cylindrical sources is presented. A subclass of these solutions corresponds to the exterior gravitational fields of rotating cylindrical systems that emit gravitational radiation. The properties of these rotating gravitational wave spacetimes are investigated. In particular, we discuss the energy density of these waves using the gravitational stress-energy tensor.

Bahram Mashhoon; James C. McClune; Enrique Chavez; Hernando Quevedo

1996-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

164

Rotation of tokamak halo currents  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During tokamak disruptions, halo currents, which can be tenths of the total plasma current, can flow at the plasma edge along the magnetic field lines that intercept the chamber walls. Non-axisymmetric halo currents are required to maintain force balance as the plasma kinks when the edge safety factor drops to about two in a vertical displacement event. The plasma quickly assumes a definite toroidal velocity v{sub a}(r) with respect to that of the magnetic kink, v{sub k}, where v{sub a}(r) is set by the radial electric field required for ambipolarity. The plasma velocity, v{sub pl}=v{sub a}+v{sub k}, near the edge is influenced by the interaction with neutrals and with the potential in the halo required for quasi-neutrality on open magnetic field lines, and the plasma velocity in the core is influenced by external error fields. When plasma effects dominate magnetic locking, the magnetic kink should rotate at a diamagnetic speed of either the edge or the core. If the magnetic field lines of the halo plasma intercept the wall at locations of very different electrical conductivity, the toroidal rotation of the halo currents can intermittently stall at wall locations of high conductivity. Such stalling is seen in experiments. The toroidal phase difference between the stalled halo currents and the kink, which is expected to rotate smoothly, must satisfy {delta}{phi}<{+-}{pi}/2. A concern cited by ITER engineers is that the time varying force of the rotating halo could substantially increase the disruption loads on in-vessel components.

Boozer, Allen H. [Department of Applied Physics and Applied Mathematics Columbia University, New York, New York 10027 (United States)

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

165

Intermediate frequency band digitized high dynamic range radiometer system for plasma diagnostics and real-time Tokamak control  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An intermediate frequency (IF) band digitizing radiometer system in the 100-200 GHz frequency range has been developed for Tokamak diagnostics and control, and other fields of research which require a high flexibility in frequency resolution combined with a large bandwidth and the retrieval of the full wave information of the mm-wave signals under investigation. The system is based on directly digitizing the IF band after down conversion. The enabling technology consists of a fast multi-giga sample analog to digital converter that has recently become available. Field programmable gate arrays (FPGA) are implemented to accomplish versatile real-time data analysis. A prototype system has been developed and tested and its performance has been compared with conventional electron cyclotron emission (ECE) spectrometer systems. On the TEXTOR Tokamak a proof of principle shows that ECE, together with high power injected and scattered radiation, becomes amenable to measurement by this device. In particular, its capability to measure the phase of coherent signals in the spectrum offers important advantages in diagnostics and control. One case developed in detail employs the FPGA in real-time fast Fourier transform (FFT) and additional signal processing. The major benefit of such a FFT-based system is the real-time trade-off that can be made between frequency and time resolution. For ECE diagnostics this corresponds to a flexible spatial resolution in the plasma, with potential application in smart sensing of plasma instabilities such as the neoclassical tearing mode (NTM) and sawtooth instabilities. The flexible resolution would allow for the measurement of the full mode content of plasma instabilities contained within the system bandwidth.

Bongers, W. A.; Beveren, V. van; Westerhof, E.; Goede, A. P. H.; Krijger, B.; Berg, M. A. van den; Graswinckel, M. F.; Schueller, F. C. [FOM-Institute for Plasma Physics Rijnhuizen, Association EURATOM-FOM, Trilateral Euregio Cluster, PO Box 1207, 3430 BE Nieuwegein (Netherlands); Thoen, D. J. [Kavli Institute of Nanoscience, Delft University of Technology, Lorentzweg 1, 2628 CJ Delft (Netherlands); Nuij, P. J. W. M. [Eindhoven University of Technology, Control Systems Technology Group, and Applied Physics Department, PO Box 513, NL-5600 MB Eindhoven (Netherlands); Baar, M. R. de; Donne, A. J. H.; Hennen, B. A. [FOM-Institute for Plasma Physics Rijnhuizen, Association EURATOM-FOM, Trilateral Euregio Cluster, PO Box 1207, 3430 BE Nieuwegein (Netherlands); Eindhoven University of Technology, Control Systems Technology Group, and Applied Physics Department, PO Box 513, NL-5600 MB Eindhoven (Netherlands); Kantor, M. [FOM-Institute for Plasma Physics Rijnhuizen, Association EURATOM-FOM, Trilateral Euregio Cluster, PO Box 1207, 3430 BE Nieuwegein (Netherlands); Forschungszentrum Juelich GMBH, Institute of Energy and Climate research, Plasma Physics, Association EURATOM-FZJ, Trilateral Euregio Cluster, 52425 Juelich (Germany); Ioffe Institute, RAS, Saint-Petersburg, 195256 (Russian Federation)

2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

166

Validation of Surface Retrieved Cloud Optical Properties with in situ Measurements at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program (ARM) South Great Plains Site  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The surface inferred cloud optical properties from a multifilter rotating shadowband radiometer have been validated against the in situ measurements during the second ARM Enhanced Shortwave Experiment (ARESE II) field campaign at the ARM South Great Plains (SGP) site. On the basis of eight effective radius profiles measured by the in situ Forward Spectra Scattering Probe (FSSP), our retrieved cloud effective radii for single-layer warm water clouds agree well with in situ measurements, within 5.5%. The sensitivity study also illustrates that for this case a 13% uncertainty in observed liquid water path (LWP, 20 g/m2) results in 1.5% difference in retrieved cloud optical depth and 12.7% difference in referred cloud effective radius, on average. The uncertainty of the LWP measured by the microwave radiometer (MWR) is the major contributor to the uncertainty of retrieved cloud effective radius. Further, we conclude that the uncertainty of our inferred cloud optical properties is better than 5% for warm water clouds based on a surface closure study, in which cloud optical properties inferred from narrowband irradiances are applied to a shortwave model and the modeled broadband fluxes are compared to a surface pyranometer.

Min, Qilong; Duan, M.; Marchand, Roger T.

2003-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

167

Hands?On Earth Rotation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A Foucault pendulum equipped with a low-cost computer interface is described. It allows one to measure the precession rate of the plane of oscillation due to Earth rotation within a few minutes. A graphic interface (PC tablet) serves as a frictionless two-dimensional position sensor. By using standard software tools it is possible to record the position of the pendulum up to 50 samples/s. Although the sensor provides only rather coarse-grained data the method is remarkably precise due to statistical analysis of the data.

Gert Braune

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Dual rotating shaft seal apparatus  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The report is directed to apparatus suitable for transferring torque and rotary motion through a wall in a manner which is essentially gas impermeable. The apparatus can be used for pressurizing, agitating, and mixing fluids and features two ferrofluidic, i.e., ferrometic seals. Each seal is disposed on one of two supported shafts and each shaft is operably connected at one end to a gear mechanism and at its other end to an adjustable coupling means which is to be connected to a rotatable shaft extending through a wall through which torque and rotary motion are to be transferred.

Griggs, J.E.; Newman, H.J.

1983-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

169

Trirotron: triode rotating beam radio frequency amplifier  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

High efficiency amplification of radio frequencies to very high power levels including: establishing a cylindrical cloud of electrons; establishing an electrical field surrounding and coaxial with the electron cloud to bias the electrons to remain in the cloud; establishing a rotating electrical field that surrounds and is coaxial with the steady field, the circular path of the rotating field being one wavelength long, whereby the peak of one phase of the rotating field is used to accelerate electrons in a beam through the bias field in synchronism with the peak of the rotating field so that there is a beam of electrons continuously extracted from the cloud and rotating with the peak; establishing a steady electrical field that surrounds and is coaxial with the rotating field for high-energy radial acceleration of the rotating beam of electrons; and resonating the rotating beam of electrons within a space surrounding the second field, the space being selected to have a phase velocity equal to that of the rotating field to thereby produce a high-power output at the frequency of the rotating field.

Lebacqz, Jean V. (Stanford, CA)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Short rotation Wood Crops Program  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report synthesizes the technical progress of research projects in the Short Rotation Woody Crops Program for the year ending September 30, 1989. The primary goal of this research program, sponsored by the US Department of Energy's Biofuels and Municipal Waste Technology Division, is the development of a viable technology for producing renewable feedstocks for conversion to biofuels. One of the more significant accomplishments was the documentation that short-rotation woody crops total delivered costs could be $40/Mg or less under optimistic but attainable conditions. By taking advantage of federal subsidies such as those offered under the Conservation Reserve Program, wood energy feedstock costs could be lower. Genetic improvement studies are broadening species performance within geographic regions and under less-than-optimum site conditions. Advances in physiological research are identifying key characteristics of species productivity and response to nutrient applications. Recent developments utilizing biotechnology have achieved success in cell and tissue culture, somaclonal variation, and gene-insertion studies. Productivity gains have been realized with advanced cultural studies of spacing, coppice, and mixed-species trials. 8 figs., 20 tabs.

Wright, L.L.; Ehrenshaft, A.R.

1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

MWRRET (Microwave Radiometer Retrievals)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Plus Plus Plus Andy Vogelmann, Dave Turner Andy Vogelmann, Dave Turner & Jennifer Comstock & Jennifer Comstock Min Min Susanne Crewell Susanne Crewell Ulrich L Ulrich L ö ö rnard rnard Jim Liljegren Jim Liljegren John Ogre John Ogre . Y. Matrosov . Y. Matrosov Sally McFarlane Sally McFarlane Warren Wiscombe, Christine Chiu, Sasha Marshak, Maria Warren Wiscombe, Christine Chiu, Sasha Marshak, Maria Cadeddu, Qilong Min, Susanne Crewell, Ulrich L Cadeddu, Qilong Min, Susanne Crewell, Ulrich L ö ö hnert, Mandy hnert, Mandy M. Khaiyer, Greg McFarquhar , Chuck Long, Bill O M. Khaiyer, Greg McFarquhar , Chuck Long, Bill O ' ' Hirok, Bin Hirok, Bin Lin, Connor Flynn, Eli Mlawer, Graham Feingold, Jim Barnard, Lin, Connor Flynn, Eli Mlawer, Graham Feingold, Jim Barnard,

172

Radiometer Calibration Trends  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Wilcox, T. L. Stoffel, and D. R. Myers National Renewable Energy Laboratory Golden, Colorado Abstract Calibrations of Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) broadband...

173

Inexpensive photovoltaic solar radiometer  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Using a solar cell as a sensor a low?cost instrument can be constructed which measures both the instantaneous and integrated value of solar flux. The process of constructing and calibrating the instrument constitutes an excellent undergraduate experimental project affording the student an opportunity to examine a variety of aspects associated with solar energy measurements.

Fritz Kissner

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Slow-Neutron Scattering by Rotators. II  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The methods developed in a previous paper for extending the neutron scattering formalism of Zemach and Glauber to any type of molecular rotator have been employed to derive generalized forms of the differential cross sections for rotator scattering. A mass-ratio expansion for the treatment of the high-energy limit is illustrated on the classical cross section and then employed in the treatment of the more general quantum-mechanical expression for the differential cross section. The results apply to an arbitrarily asymmetric rotator. The very low energy approximation is carried out for the symmetric rotator, and the procedure is compared with the explicit summing of the partial cross sections for individual rotational transitions. The inelastic correction to the static approximation for interference scattering is calculated to an accuracy of first order in the mass ratios for the case of the symmetric rotator.

Howard C. Volkin

1960-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

175

Inertial measurement unit using rotatable MEMS sensors  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A MEM inertial sensor (e.g. accelerometer, gyroscope) having integral rotational means for providing static and dynamic bias compensation is disclosed. A bias compensated MEM inertial sensor is described comprising a MEM inertial sense element disposed on a rotatable MEM stage. A MEM actuator drives the rotation of the stage between at least two predetermined rotational positions. Measuring and comparing the output of the MEM inertial sensor in the at least two rotational positions allows for both static and dynamic bias compensation in inertial calculations based on the sensor's output. An inertial measurement unit (IMU) comprising a plurality of independently rotatable MEM inertial sensors and methods for making bias compensated inertial measurements are disclosed.

Kohler, Stewart M. (Albuquerque, NM); Allen, James J. (Albuquerque, NM)

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Contained Modes In Mirrors With Sheared Rotation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In mirrors with E × B rotation, a fixed azimuthal perturbation in the lab frame can appear as a wave in the rotating frame. If the rotation frequency varies with radius, the plasma-frame wave frequency will also vary radially due to the Doppler shift. A wave that propagates in the high rotation plasma region might therefore be evanescent at the plasma edge. This can lead to radially localized Alfven eigenmodes with high azimuthal mode numbers. Contained Alfven modes are found both for peaked and non-peaked rotation profiles. These modes might be useful for alpha channeling or ion heating, as the high azimuthal wave number allows the plasma wave frequency in the rotating frame to exceed the ion cyclotron frequency. __________________________________________________

Abraham J. Fetterman and Nathaniel J. Fisch

2010-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

177

The Boussinesq approximation in rapidly rotating flows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In the classical formulation of the Boussinesq approximation centrifugal buoyancy effects related to differential rotation, as well as strong vortices in the flow, are neglected. However, these may play an important role in rapidly rotating flows, such as in astrophysical and geophysical applications, and also in turbulent convection. We here provide a straightforward approach resulting in a Boussinesq-type approximation that consistently accounts for centrifugal effects. We further compare our new approach to the classical one in fluid flows confined between two differentially heated and rotating cylinders. The results justify the need of using the proposed approximation in rapidly rotating flows.

Lopez, Jose M; Avila, Marc

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Rotation With Industry | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Industry Rotation With Industry 7ROTATIONWITHINDUSTRY.pdf More Documents & Publications Microsoft Word - APRIL 2009 PMCDP Module CHRIS ESS TutorialROTATIONWITHINDUSTRY.doc...

179

Coupling between grain growth and grain rotation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Grain boundary motion during grain growth or recrystallization is considered as a diffusion process of atomic movement across the boundary. It can be accompanied by subgrain rotation or nanograin rotation. However grain boundary migration can be achieved also by dislocation motion or creep. The evidence is the power law relationship between driving force and boundary velocity for large driving forces and an activation energy which approaches that of self-diffusion at low driving forces and decreases with increasing driving force. The creep mechanism may or may not involve grain rotation. Experimental evidences and dislocation models are discussed in reference to coupling between boundary migration and grain rotation.

Bhakta B. Rath; M. Winning; J. C. M. Li

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Rotational Doppler effect in magnetic resonance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We compute the shift in the frequency of the spin resonance in a solid that rotates in the field of a circularly polarized electromagnetic wave. Electron-spin resonance, nuclear magnetic resonance, and ferromagnetic resonance are considered. We show that contrary to the case of the rotating LC circuit, the shift in the frequency of the spin resonance has strong dependence on the symmetry of the receiver. The shift due to rotation occurs only when rotational symmetry is broken by the anisotropy of the gyromagnetic tensor, by the shape of the body or by magnetocrystalline anisotropy. General expressions for the resonance frequency and power absorption are derived and implications for experiment are discussed.

S. Lendínez; E. M. Chudnovsky; J. Tejada

2010-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotating shadowband radiometers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Magnetothermal stability of a rotating stratified plasma  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The thermal stability of a weakly-magnetized, rotating, stratified, optically-thin plasma is studied by means of linear-perturbation analysis. We derive dispersion relations and criteria for stability against axisymmetric perturbations that generalize previous results on either non-rotating or unmagnetized fluids. The implications for the hot atmospheres of galaxies and galaxy clusters are discussed.

Nipoti, Carlo

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Airbreathing Rotating Detonation Wave Engine Cycle Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Airbreathing Rotating Detonation Wave Engine Cycle Analysis Eric M. Braun, Frank K. Lu, Donald R analysis of an airbreathing, rotating detonation wave engine (RDWE) is developed. The engine consists of a steady inlet system with an isolator which delivers air into the detonation annulus. A single wave

Texas at Arlington, University of

183

Rotating head for rotary drilling rigs  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A rotating head is claimed for a rotary drilling rig which is to be secured to the top of a well pipe having an inner rotating portion with an opening therethrough which permits passage of drill pipe, pipe joints, and Kelly tools; the rotating portion has an annular drive rubber formed integrally with the top portion thereof. A rotating head drive bushing having an opening with a cross-sectional shape generally conforming to the cross-section of the Kelly tool to permit only sliding motion therebetween is provided with helical external ridges which produce a disengagable gripping action with the opening in the drive rubber at the top of the rotating portion of the rotating head. The rotating portion has a conventional stripper rubber at the bottom thereof and is mounted with a double roller bearing to provide low friction motion with respect to the fixed portion of the head. The double roller bearing is lubricated with a viscous lubricating material and paddles are provided between the sets of rollers of the double roller bearing for distributing the viscous lubricating material and in particular propel it onto the upper set of bearings; the upper body portion of the rotating head is readily detachable from the lower sleeve portion which is normally welded to the well conductor pipe.

Adams, J.R.

1983-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

184

Testimonials: Presidents Management Council Interagency Rotational Program  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Testimonials: Presidents Management Council Interagency Rotational Testimonials: Presidents Management Council Interagency Rotational Program Testimonials: Presidents Management Council Interagency Rotational Program Diane Turchetta - Department of Transportation My rotation in EERE's Clean Cities Program has helped me to better understand how the program works and the great strides it is making, though it's coalitions, to reduce petroleum use across the country. The rotation has also provided me with an opportunity to learn more about the other efforts and initiatives underway in the Vehicle Technology Program including wireless charging for electric vehicles, research on materials technologies, and technology improvements for both light-duty and heavy-duty vehicles. I plan to use the information and knowledge I have

185

Turbulent diffusion with rotation or magnetic fields  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The turbulent diffusion tensor describing the evolution of the mean concentration of a passive scalar is investigated for forced turbulence either in the presence of rotation or a magnetic field. With rotation the Coriolis force causes a sideways deflection of the flux of mean concentration. Within the magnetohydrodynamics approximation there is no analogous effect from the magnetic field because the effects on the flow do not depend on the sign of the field. Both rotation and magnetic fields tend to suppress turbulent transport, but this suppression is weaker in the direction along the magnetic field. Turbulent transport along the rotation axis is not strongly affected by rotation, except on shorter length scales, i.e. when the scale of the variation of the mean field becomes comparable with the scale of the energy-carrying eddied.

Brandenburg, Axel; Vasil, Geoffrey M

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Causes of Fluctuations in the Rotation of the Earth  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...rotation theoretical studies 1984 03 08 Rotation in the solar system London United Kingdom GeoRef, Copyright...Newfoundland, Dep. Earth Sci. Newfoundland Canada 95 105 Rotation in the solar system Hide R. editor The Royal Society London...

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

The BOOMERANG North America Instrument: A Balloon-borne Bolometric Radiometer Optimized for Measurements of Cosmic Background Radiation Anisotropies from 03 to 4°  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We describe the BOOMERANG North America instrument, a balloon-borne bolometric radiometer designed to map the cosmic microwave background (CMB) radiation with 03 resolution over a significant portion of the sky. This receiver employs new technologies in bolometers, readout electronics, millimeter-wave optics and filters, cryogenics, scan, and attitude reconstruction. All these subsystems are described in detail in this paper. The system has been fully calibrated in flight using a variety of techniques, which are described and compared. Using this system, we have obtained a measurement of the first peak in the CMB angular power spectrum in a single, few hour long balloon flight. The instrument described here was a prototype of the BOOMERANG Long Duration Balloon experiment.

F. Piacentini; P. A. R. Ade; R. S. Bhatia; J. J. Bock; A. Boscaleri; P. Cardoni; B. P. Crill; P. de Bernardis; H. Del Castillo; G. De Troia; P. Farese; M. Giacometti; E. F. Hivon; V. V. Hristov; A. Iacoangeli; A. E. Lange; S. Masi; P. D. Mauskopf; L. Miglio; C. B. Netterfield; P. Palangio; E. Pascale; A. Raccanelli; S. Rao; G. Romeo; J. Ruhl; F. Scaramuzzi

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Testing Oxygen Reduction Reaction Activity with the Rotating...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Testing Oxygen Reduction Reaction Activity with the Rotating Disc Electrode Technique Testing Oxygen Reduction Reaction Activity with the Rotating Disc Electrode Technique...

189

Automation of amperometric titrations with rotating platinum electrodes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Automation of amperometric titrations with rotating platinum electrodes ... A modification of an earlier described apparatus allows for the automation of amperometric titrations with rotating platinum electrodes. ...

Eugene D. Olsen; Roger D. Walton

1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Hidden Rotational Symmetries in Magnetic Domain Patterns  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Hidden Rotational Symmetries in Hidden Rotational Symmetries in Magnetic Domain Patterns Hidden Rotational Symmetries in Magnetic Domain Patterns Print Wednesday, 27 June 2012 00:00 Magnetic thin films have complicated domain patterns that may or may not repeat with each cycle through a hysteresis loop. A magnetic thin film with perpendicular anisotropy, such as that used in computer hard drives, for example, commonly exhibits labyrinthine domain patterns. These patterns are disordered over a macroscopic length scale, and intuitively we do not expect to observe any symmetry in such systems. Scientists at the ALS, the University of Oregon, and the University of California, San Diego, have recently used coherent soft x-ray scattering with angular Fourier analysis to discover that the disordered domain patterns do, in fact, exhibit rotational symmetries, which can be as small as two-fold or as large as 30-fold. Their study of magnetic symmetries gives scientists a toolbox for discovering hidden symmetries in diverse material systems.

191

Modulation Methods and Slow Molecular Rotations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The application of optical methods used with triplet — or other long-lived probes for measuring slow (i.e. usec-msec) Brownian rotational diffusion of membrane proteins...et al., 1981; Garland & Johnson, 1985). W...

P. B. Garland; J. J. Birmingham

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Differential rotation of nonlinear r-modes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The differential rotation of r-modes is investigated within the nonlinear theory up to second order in the mode amplitude in the case of a slowly rotating, Newtonian, barotropic, perfect-fluid star. We find a nonlinear extension of the linear r-mode, which represents differential rotation that produces large scale drifts of fluid elements along stellar latitudes. This solution includes a piece induced by first-order quantities and another one that is a pure second-order effect. Since the latter is stratified on cylinders, it cannot cancel differential rotation induced by first-order quantities, which is not stratified on cylinders. It is shown that, unlike the situation in the linearized theory, r-modes do not preserve the vorticity of fluid elements at second order. It is also shown that the physical angular momentum and energy of the perturbation are, in general, different from the corresponding canonical quantities.

Paulo M. Sá

2004-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

193

Heat Transfer from a Rotating Disk  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...August 1956 research-article Heat Transfer from a Rotating Disk E. C. Cobb...little has been published on the heat transfer. For laminar conditions theoretical...experimental investigation of the heat transfer for a range of conditions from...

1956-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Electric Motor Emulator Versus Rotating Test Rig  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A controversial issue among experts is whether real-time model-based electric motor emulation can replace a conventional rotating test ... a complete inverter test system with an integrated electric motor emulato...

Dipl.-Ing. (FH) Horst Hammerer; Dipl.-Ing. (FH) Dieter Strauss

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Gravitational instability of slowly rotating isothermal spheres  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss the statistical mechanics of rotating self-gravitating systems by allowing properly for the conservation of angular momentum. We study analytically the case of slowly rotating isothermal spheres by expanding the solutions of the Boltzmann-Poisson equation in a series of Legendre polynomials, adapting the procedure introduced by Chandrasekhar (1933) for distorted polytropes. We show how the classical spiral of Lynden-Bell & Wood (1967) in the temperature-energy plane is deformed by rotation. We find that gravitational instability occurs sooner in the microcanonical ensemble and later in the canonical ensemble. According to standard turning point arguments, the onset of the collapse coincides with the minimum energy or minimum temperature state in the series of equilibria. Interestingly, it happens to be close to the point of maximum flattening. We determine analytically the generalization of the singular isothermal solution to the case of a slowly rotating configuration. We also consider slowly ...

Chavanis, P H

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

On obliquely magnetized and differentially rotating stars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the interaction of differential rotation and a misaligned magnetic field. The incompressible magnetohydrodynamic equations are solved numerically for a free-decay problem. In the kinematic limit, differential rotation annihilates the non-axisymmetric field on a timescale proportional to the cube root of magnetic Reynolds number ($Rm$), as predicted by R\\"adler. Nonlinearly, the outcome depends upon the initial energy in the non-axisymmetric part of the field. Sufficiently weak fields approach axisymmetry as in the kinematic limit; some differential rotation survives across magnetic surfaces, at least on intermediate timescales. Stronger fields enforce uniform rotation and remain non-axisymmetric. The initial field strength that divides these two regimes does not follow the scaling $Rm^{-1/3}$ predicted by quasi-kinematic arguments, perhaps because our $Rm$ is never sufficiently large or because of reconnection. We discuss the possible relevance of these results to tidal synchronization and tida...

Wei, Xing

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

ROTATIONAL DOPPLER BEAMING IN ECLIPSING BINARIES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In eclipsing binaries the stellar rotation of the two components will cause a rotational Doppler beaming during eclipse ingress and egress when only part of the eclipsed component is covered. For eclipsing binaries with fast spinning components this photometric analog of the well-known spectroscopic Rossiter-McLaughlin effect can exceed the strength of the orbital effect. Example light curves are shown for a detached double white dwarf binary, a massive O-star binary and a transiting exoplanet case, similar to WASP-33b. Inclusion of the rotational Doppler beaming in eclipsing systems is a prerequisite for deriving the correct stellar parameters from fitting high-quality photometric light curves and can be used to determine stellar obliquities as well as, e.g., an independent measure of the rotational velocity in those systems that may be expected to be fully synchronized.

Groot, Paul J., E-mail: pgroot@astro.ru.nl [Cahill Center for Astronomy and Astrophysics, California Institute of Technology, 1200 East California Boulevard, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States)

2012-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

198

Doppler effect in a rotating frame  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Transformations of complex wave vectors decribing both plane and helical waves are examined on the basis of new complex relativistic transformations including orbital and rotational motions along with the usual. ...

A. L. Smolin

1990-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Baroclinic Instability of a Rotating Hadley Cell  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The stability of a thin fluid layer between two rotating plates which are subjected to a horizontal temperature gradient is studied. First, the solution for the stationary basic state is obtained in a closed form. This solution identifies Ekman ...

Basil N. Antar; William W. Fowlis

1981-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Vibration-Rotation Bands of Trideuteromethyl Iodide  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

5 October 1965 research-article Vibration-Rotation Bands of Trideuteromethyl...of six parallel and nine perpendicular vibration bands of trideuteromethyl iodide has...constants for the fundamental degenerate vibrations. The values for overtone and combination...

1965-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotating shadowband radiometers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Vibrational Superposition States Without Rotating Wave Approximation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose a scheme to generate superpositions of coherent states for the vibrational motion of a laser cooled trapped-ion. It is based on the interaction with a standing wave making use of the counter-rotating terms, i.e. not applying the rotating wave approximation. We also show that the same scheme can be exploited for quantum state measurement, i.e. with the same scheme non-classical states may be reconstructed

Mancini, S; Tombesi, P

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Quantum states in rotating electromagnetic fields  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We describe a new class of exact square integrable solutions of the Pauli and Dirac equation in rotating electromagnetic fields. Solutions obtained by putting equations in the stationary form with help of a coordinate transformation corresponding to the transition into a rotating frame. The transformation is assumed to be Galilean one however a non-Galilean transformation is of particular interest for such solutions. Obtained solutions, especially of Dirac's equation, are valid for arbitrary values of parameters and may be tested experimentally.

B. V. Gisin

2010-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

203

Dynamical Tides in Rotating Binary Stars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We study the effect of rotation on the excitation of internal oscillation modes of a star by the external gravitational potential of its companion. Unlike the nonrotating case, there are difficulties with the usual mode decomposition for rotating stars because of the asymmetry between modes propagating in the direction of rotation and those propagating opposite to it. For an eccentric binary system, we derive general expressions for the energy transfer, ?Es, and the corresponding angular momentum transfer, ?Js, in a periastron passage when there is no initial oscillation present in the star. Except when a nearly precise orbital resonance occurs (i.e., the mode frequency equals multiple of the orbital frequency), ?Es is very close to the steady state mode energy in the tide in the presence of dissipation. It is shown that stellar rotation can change the strength of dynamical tide significantly. In particular, retrograde rotation with respect to the orbit increases the energy transfer by bringing lower order g-modes (or f-modes for convective stars), which couple more strongly to the tidal potential, into closer resonances with the orbital motion of the companion. We apply our general formalism to the problems of tidal capture binary formation and the orbital evolution of the PSR J0045-7319/B star binary. Stellar rotation changes the critical impact parameter for binary capture. Although the enhancement (by retrograde rotation) in the capture cross section is at most ~20%, the probability that the captured system survives disruption/merging and therefore becomes a binary can be significantly larger. It is found that in order to explain the observed rapid orbital decay of the PSR J0045-7319 binary system, retrograde rotation in the B star is required.

Dong Lai

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Hydrogen atom in rotationally invariant noncommutative space  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We consider the noncommutative algebra which is rotationally invariant. The hydrogen atom is studied in a rotationally invariant noncommutative space. We find the corrections to the energy levels of the hydrogen atom up to the second order in the parameter of noncommutativity. The upper bound of the parameter of noncommutativity is estimated on the basis of the experimental results for 1s-2s transition frequency.

Kh. P. Gnatenko; V. M. Tkachuk

2014-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

205

Internal Dynamics, Structure and Formation of Dwarf Elliptical Galaxies: II. Rotating Versus Non-Rotating Dwarfs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present spatially-resolved internal kinematics and stellar chemical abundances for a sample of dwarf elliptical (dE) galaxies in the Virgo Cluster observed with Keck/ESI. We find that 4 out of 17 dEs have major axis rotation velocities consistent with rotational flattening, while the remaining dEs have no detectable major axis rotation. Despite this difference in internal kinematics, rotating and non-rotating dEs are remarkably similar in terms of their position in the Fundamental Plane, morphological structure, stellar populations, and local environment. We present evidence for faint underlying disks and/or weak substructure in a fraction of both rotating and non-rotating dEs, but a comparable number of counter-examples exist for both types which show no evidence of such structure. Absorption-line strengths were determined based on the Lick/IDS system (Hbeta, Mgb, Fe5270, Fe5335) for the central region of each galaxy. We find no difference in the line-strength indices, and hence stellar populations, between rotating and non-rotating dE galaxies. The best-fitting mean age and metallicity for our 17 dE sample are 5 Gyr and Fe/H = -0.3 dex, respectively, with rms spreads of 3 Gyr and 0.1 dex. The majority of dEs are consistent with solar alpha/Fe abundance ratios. By contrast, the stellar populations of classical elliptical galaxies are, on average, older, more metal rich, and alpha-enhanced relative to our dE sample. The local environments of both dEs types appear to be diverse in terms of their proximity to larger galaxies in real or velocity space within the Virgo Cluster. Thus, rotating and non-rotating dEs are remarkably similar in terms of their structure, stellar content, and local environments, presenting a significant challenge to theoretical models of their formation. (abridged)

M. Geha; P. Guhathakurta; R. van der Marel

2003-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

206

Nuclear Collective Rotation in the SU3 Model. II: Quantal Rotation for a Triaxial Configuration  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......The collective rotation of a nuclear system with the S U 3 Hamiltonian...described by the quantal dynamical nuclear field theory. An angular frequency...compared with the exact S U 3 energy and the rotor's angular momentum...4 (1990) pp. 766-778 Nuclear Collective Rotation in the......

Shin-ichi Kinouchi; Tetsuo Kammuri; Teruo Kishimoto

1990-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

ARM TR-047  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

7 7 Cloud Optical Properties from the Multi- Filter Shadowband Radiometer (MFRSRCLDOD): An ARM Value-Added Product December 2004 David D. Turner Chaomei Lo Pacific Northwest National Laboratory - Richland, Washington Qilong Min State University of New York (SUNY) - Albany, New York Work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Biological and Environmental Research David D. Turner et al., December 2004, ARM TR-047 Contents 1. Introduction ............................................................................................................................................ 1 2. Input Data ...............................................................................................................................................

208

Gravitational instability of slowly rotating isothermal spheres  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss the statistical mechanics of rotating self-gravitating systems by allowing properly for the conservation of angular momentum. We study analytically the case of slowly rotating isothermal spheres by expanding the solutions of the Boltzmann-Poisson equation in a series of Legendre polynomials, adapting the procedure introduced by Chandrasekhar (1933) for distorted polytropes. We show how the classical spiral of Lynden-Bell & Wood (1967) in the temperature-energy plane is deformed by rotation. We find that gravitational instability occurs sooner in the microcanonical ensemble and later in the canonical ensemble. According to standard turning point arguments, the onset of the collapse coincides with the minimum energy or minimum temperature state in the series of equilibria. Interestingly, it happens to be close to the point of maximum flattening. We determine analytically the generalization of the singular isothermal solution to the case of a slowly rotating configuration. We also consider slowly rotating configurations of the self-gravitating Fermi gas at non zero temperature.

P. -H. Chavanis

2002-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

209

Heart - Shaped Nuclei: Condensation of Rotational Aligned Octupole Phonons  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The strong octupole correlations in the mass region $A\\approx 226$ are interpreted as rotation-induced condensation of octupole phonons having their angular momentum aligned with the rotational axis. Discrete phonon energy and parity conservation generate oscillations of the energy difference between the lowest rotational bands with positive and negative parity. Anharmonicities tend to synchronize the the rotation of the condensate and the quadrupole shape of the nucleus forming a rotating heart shape.

S. Frauendorf

2007-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

210

Hidden Rotational Symmetries in Magnetic Domain Patterns  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Hidden Rotational Symmetries in Magnetic Domain Patterns Print Hidden Rotational Symmetries in Magnetic Domain Patterns Print Magnetic thin films have complicated domain patterns that may or may not repeat with each cycle through a hysteresis loop. A magnetic thin film with perpendicular anisotropy, such as that used in computer hard drives, for example, commonly exhibits labyrinthine domain patterns. These patterns are disordered over a macroscopic length scale, and intuitively we do not expect to observe any symmetry in such systems. Scientists at the ALS, the University of Oregon, and the University of California, San Diego, have recently used coherent soft x-ray scattering with angular Fourier analysis to discover that the disordered domain patterns do, in fact, exhibit rotational symmetries, which can be as small as two-fold or as large as 30-fold. Their study of magnetic symmetries gives scientists a toolbox for discovering hidden symmetries in diverse material systems.

211

Rotational stabilization in the Boozer model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The rotational stabilization of resistive wall modes is analyzed within the single-mode cylindrical model that incorporates the Boozer boundary conditions [A. H. Boozer, Phys. Plasmas 11, 110 (2004)]. The properties implied by this model are elucidated and expressed in terms of the growth rate and toroidal rotation frequency of the mode, which allows easy comparison of the results with experimental observations and predictions of other theories. It is shown that this model predicts the rotational stabilization in the range C{sub {beta}}<0.5 only, where C{sub {beta}}{identical_to}({beta}-{beta}{sup nowall})/({beta}{sup wall}-{beta}{sup nowall}) is a measure of the beta gain between the no wall and ideal wall stability limits.

Pustovitov, V. D. [Nuclear Fusion Institute, Russian Research Centre 'Kurchatov Institute', Kurchatov Sq., 1, Moscow 123182 (Russian Federation)

2007-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

212

Apparatus for rotating and reciprocating well pipe  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This patent describes an apparatus for simultaneously rotating and reciprocating well pipe, having an upper end, and mechanically utilizing a rotary table attached to a drilling rig, comprising: a rotating pipe clamp assembly having an irregular cross-sectional mid-member and clamp members for releasably gripping the well pipe connected to the ends of the mid-member for rotation therewith; a square block for fitting to the rotary table square and having a selected grooved interior configuration; a torque transmitting means fitted into the grooves having openings therethrough having the same irregular cross-section as the mid-member cross-section; and a torque limiting means connecting the torque transmitting means and the block for limiting torque applied through the well pipe via the clamp assembly and the torque transmitting means.

Davis, K.D.

1988-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

213

Position, rotation, and intensity invariant recognizing method  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method for recognizing the presence of a particular target in a field of view which is target position, rotation, and intensity invariant includes the preparing of a target-specific invariant filter from a combination of all eigen-modes of a pattern of the particular target. Coherent radiation from the field of view is then imaged into an optical correlator in which the invariant filter is located. The invariant filter is rotated in the frequency plane of the optical correlator in order to produce a constant-amplitude rotational response in a correlation output plane when the particular target is present in the field of view. Any constant response is thus detected in the output The U.S. Government has rights in this invention pursuant to Contract No. DE-AC04-76DP00789 between the U.S. Department of Energy and AT&T Technologies, Inc.

Ochoa, Ellen (Pleasanton, CA); Schils, George F. (San Ramon, CA); Sweeney, Donald W. (Alamo, CA)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Magnetic rotation in {sup 112}In  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The high spin states of {sup 112}In have been investigated with in-beam {gamma}-ray spectroscopic methods using the {sup 110}Pd({sup 7}Li,5n){sup 112}In reaction at a beam energy of 50 MeV. A level scheme with three band structures has been established and their configurations are discussed. The positive-parity dipole band has been assigned as a magnetic rotation band. Particle-rotor model calculations have also been performed to interpret the rotational structures in {sup 112}In.

He, C. Y.; Li, X. Q.; Wu, X. G.; Liu, Y.; Pan, B.; Li, G. S.; Li, L. H.; Wang, Z. M. [China Institute of Atomic Energy, Beijing 102413 (China); Zhu, L. H. [School of Physics and Nuclear Energy Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing 100191 (China); School of Science, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518060 (China); Qi, B.; Wang, S. Y. [School of Space Science and Physics, Shandong University at Weihai, Weihai 264209 (China); Li, Z. Y. [School of Physics and SK Laboratory of Nuclear Physics and Technology, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Xu, Q.; Wang, J. G.; Ding, H. B. [Department of Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China); Zhai, J. [Department of Physics, Jilin University, Changchun 130023 (China)

2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

215

Internal Dynamics, Structure and Formation of Dwarf Elliptical Galaxies: II. Rotating Versus Non-Rotating Dwarfs  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present spatially-resolved internal kinematics and stellar chemical abundances for a sample of dwarf elliptical (dE) galaxies in the Virgo Cluster observed with Keck/ESI. We find that 4 out of 17 dEs have major axis rotation velocities consistent with rotational flattening, while the remaining dEs have no detectable major axis rotation. Despite this difference in internal kinematics, rotating and non-rotating dEs are remarkably similar in terms of their position in the Fundamental Plane, morphological structure, stellar populations, and local environment. We present evidence for faint underlying disks and/or weak substructure in a fraction of both rotating and non-rotating dEs, but a comparable number of counter-examples exist for both types which show no evidence of such structure. Absorption-line strengths were determined based on the Lick/IDS system (Hbeta, Mgb, Fe5270, Fe5335) for the central region of each galaxy. We find no difference in the line-strength indices, and hence stellar populations, betwe...

Geha, M; Van der Marel, R P

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Wave-particle Interactions In Rotating Mirrors  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Wave-particle interactions in E×B rotating plasmas feature an unusual effect: particles are diffused by waves in both potential energy and kinetic energy. This wave-particle interaction generalizes the alpha channeling effect, in which radio frequency waves are used to remove alpha particles collisionlessly at low energy. In rotating plasmas, the alpha particles may be removed at low energy through the loss cone, and the energy lost may be transferred to the radial electric field. This eliminates the need for electrodes in the mirror throat, which have presented serious technical issues in past rotating plasma devices. A particularly simple way to achieve this effect is to use a high azimuthal mode number perturbation on the magnetic field. Rotation can also be sustained by waves in plasmas without a kinetic energy source. This type of wave has been considered for plasma centrifuges used for isotope separation. Energy may also be transferred from the electric field to particles or waves, which may be useful for ion heating and energy generation.

Abraham J. Fetterman and Nathaniel J. Fisch

2011-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

217

Dual, rotating stripper rubber drilling head  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In a drilling head for a well bore through which a tool string of varying outside diameter is run, the drilling head sealing against fluid flow past the tool string to divert such fluid through a side outlet port, said drilling head including a housing having an axial passageway through which the tool string is run and a bearing assembly to facilitate rotation of the tool string within the axial passageway, the improved drilling head comprising: first and second stripper rubbers rotatably mounted within the drilling head housing in seating contact with the tool string, said stripper rubbers having substantially identical inner diameters through which the tool string extends, said first stripper rubber formed of an abrasive resistant material to divert fluid flow from the axial passageway of the housing to the side outlet port and said second stripper rubber formed on a sealingly resilient material which maintains sealing contact with the tool string extending there through preventing fluid flow past said tool string; said first stripper rubber being corrected to clamping means associated with the bearing assembly through a first drive ring such that said first stripper rubber rotates with the tool string; and said second stripper rubber is rotatably connected to said clamping means associated with the bearing assembly through a second drive ring, said first and second drive rings coaxially mounted within the housing whereby said first stripper rubber is positioned axially below said second stripper rubber in sealing contact with the tool string.

Bailey, T.F.; Campbell, J.E.

1993-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

218

Quantization of rotating linear dilaton black holes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, we firstly prove that the adiabatic invariant quantity, which is commonly used in the literature for quantizing the rotating black holes (BHs) is fallacious. We then show how its corrected form should be. The main purpose of this paper is to study the quantization of 4-dimensional rotating linear dilaton black hole (RLDBH) spacetime describing with an action, which emerges in the Einstein-Maxwell-Dilaton-Axion (EMDA) theory. The RLDBH spacetime has a non-asymptotically flat (NAF) geometry. They reduces to the linear dilaton black hole (LDBH) metric when vanishing its rotation parameter $a$. While studying its scalar perturbations, it is shown that the Schr\\"odinger-like wave equation around the event horizon reduces to a confluent hypergeometric differential equation. Then the associated complex frequencies of the quasinormal modes (QNMs) are computed. By using those QNMs in the true definition of the rotational adiabatic invariant quantity, we obtain the quantum spectra of entropy/area for the RLDBH. It is found out that both spectra are discrete and equidistant. Besides, we reveal that the quantum spectra do not depend on $a$ in spite of the QNMs are modulated by it.

I. Sakalli

2014-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

219

Quantum vacuum instability near rotating stars  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We discuss the Starobinskii-Unruh process for the Kerr black hole. We show how this effect is related to the theory of squeezed states. We then consider a simple model for a highly relativistic rotating star and show that the Starobinskii-Unruh effect is absent.

Matacz, A.L. (Physics Department, University of Adelaide, P.O. Box 498, Adelaide, 5001 (Australia)); Davies, P.C.W. (Physics Department, University of Adelaide, P.O. Box 498, Adelaide, 5001 (Australia)); Ottewill, A.C. (Mathematical Institute, 24-29 St. Giles, Oxford OX13LB (United Kingdom))

1993-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

220

Spectroscopic observation of the rotational Doppler effect  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report on the first spectroscopic observation of the rotational Doppler shift associated with light beams carrying orbital angular momentum. The effect is evidenced as the broadening of a Hanle/EIT coherence resonance on Rb vapor when the two incident Laguerre-Gaussian laser beams have opposite topological charges. The observations closely agree with theoretical predictions.

S. Barreiro; J. W. R. Tabosa; H. Failache; A. Lezama

2006-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotating shadowband radiometers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Spectroscopic Observation of the Rotational Doppler Effect  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report on the first spectroscopic observation of the rotational Doppler shift associated with light beams carrying orbital angular momentum. The effect is evidenced as the broadening of a Hanle electromagnetically induced transparency coherence resonance on Rb vapor when the two incident Laguerre-Gaussian laser beams have opposite topological charges. The observations closely agree with theoretical predictions.

S. Barreiro; J. W. R. Tabosa; H. Failache; A. Lezama

2006-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

222

Lateral displacement and rotational displacement sensor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A position measuring sensor formed from opposing sets of capacitor plates measures both rotational displacement and lateral displacement from the changes in capacitances as overlapping areas of capacitors change. Capacitances are measured by a measuring circuit. The measured capacitances are provided to a calculating circuit that performs calculations to obtain angular and lateral displacement from the capacitances measured by the measuring circuit.

Duden, Thomas

2014-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

223

Extreme phase and rotated quadrature measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We determine the extreme points of the convex set of covariant phase observables. Such extremals describe the best phase parameter measurements of laser light - the best in the sense that they are free from classical randomness due to fluctuations in the measuring procedure. We also characterize extreme fuzzy rotated quadratures.

Juha-Pekka Pellonpää

2009-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

224

Retrieval of Intensive Aerosol Properties from MFRSR observations: Partly Cloudy Cases  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An approach for the obtaining column intensive aerosol properties, namely the single scattering albedo (SSA) and asymmetry parameter (ASP), from the Multi-Filter Rotating Shadowband Radiometer (MFRSR) spectral observations under partly cloudy conditions is described. The approach involves the MFRSR-based aerosol retrieval for clear-sky periods and an interpolation of the retrieved column aerosol properties for cloudy periods. The observed weak diurnal variability of SSA and ASP at the surface and the close association of the surface intensive aerosol properties with their column counterparts form the basis of such interpolation. The approach is evaluated by calculating the corresponding clear-sky total, direct and diffuse fluxes at five wavelengths (415, 500, 615, 673 and 870 nm) and compare them with the observed fluxes. The aerosol properties provided by this approach are applied for (i) an examination of the statistical relationship between spectral (visible spectral range) and broadband values of the total normalized cloud radiative forcing and (ii) an estimation of the fractional sky cover. Data collected during 13 days with single-layer cumulus clouds observed at U.S. Department of Energy Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility (ACRF) Southern Great Plains (SGP) site during summer 2007 are applied to illustrate the performance and application of this approach.

Kassianov, Evgueni I.; Barnard, James C.; Berg, Larry K.; Flynn, Connor J.; Long, Charles N.

2010-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

225

Retrieval of Aerosol Optical Depth in Vicinity of Broken Clouds from Reflectance Ratios: Case Study  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A recently developed reflectance ratio (RR) method for the retrieval of aerosol optical depth (AOD) is evaluated using extensive airborne and ground-based data sets collected during the Cloud and Land Surface Interaction Campaign (CLASIC) and the Cumulus Humilis Aerosol Processing Study (CHAPS), which took place in June 2007 over the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Southern Great Plains site. A detailed case study is performed for a field of single-layer shallow cumuli observed on June 12, 2007. The RR method is applied to retrieve the spectral values of AOD from the reflectance ratios measured by the MODIS Airborne Simulator (MAS) for two pairs of wavelengths (660 and 470 nm and 870 and 470 nm) collected at a spatial resolution of 0.05 km. The retrieval is compared with an independent AOD estimate from three ground-based Multi-filter Rotating Shadowband Radiometers (MFRSRs). The interpolation algorithm that is used to project MFRSR point measurements onto the aircraft flight tracks is tested using AOD derived from NASA Langley High Spectral Resolution Lidar (HSRL). The RR AOD estimates are in a good agreement (within 5%) with the MFRSR-derived AOD values for the 660-nm wavelength. The AODs obtained from MAS reflectance ratios overestimate those derived from MFRSR measurements by 15-30% for the 470-nm wavelength and underestimate the 870-nm AOD by the same amount.

Kassianov, Evgueni I.; Ovchinnikov, Mikhail; Berg, Larry K.; McFarlane, Sally A.; Flynn, Connor J.; Ferrare, Richard; Hostetler, Chris A.; Alexandrov, Mikhail

2010-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

226

Rotational-level mixing and intracollisional interference in the pure rotational spectrum of HD gas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Rotational-level mixing by anisotropic intermolecular forces is found to be important to the mechanism which produces intracollisional interference effects in the pure rotational spectrum of HD and HD–inert-gas mixtures. The major contribution involves the anisotropic repulsive term in the potential and the anisotropic overlap-induced dipole moment. Improved agreement between calculation and experiment results when the mixing is included in the analysis.

G. C. Tabisz and J. Bradley Nelson

1985-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Heat Transfer from an Air-Cooled Rotating Disk  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

19 February 1974 research-article Heat Transfer from an Air-Cooled Rotating Disk J. M. Owen C...theoretical and experimental investigation into the heat transfer from a disk rotating close to a stator with a radial...

1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

8.3 Rotational Catalysis by F1-ATPase  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

F1-ATPase, a water-soluble portion of ATP synthase, is a fully reversible rotary molecular machine in which a central ? subunit rotates inside a cylinder made of three ? and three ? subunits alternately arranged. This motor rotates counterclockwise by hydrolyzing ATP in three catalytic sites but synthesizes ATP when forced to rotate clockwise by an external force. Single-molecule studies have revealed how the chemical reactions that occur in the three catalytic sites are coupled to mechanical rotation.

K. Adachi; T. Nishizaka; K. Kinosita Jr.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Hadronic matter and rapidly rotating compact stars  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In part one of this paper the authors review the present status of neutron star matter calculations, and introduce a representative collection of realistic nuclear equations of state which are derived for different assumptions about the physical behavior of dense matter (baryon populations, pion condensation, possible transition of baryon matter to quark matter). Part two deals with the theoretical determination of the minimum possible rotational periods of neutron stars, performed in the framework of general relativity, whose knowledge serves to distinguish between pulsars that can be understood as rotating neutron stars and those that cannot. Likely candidates for the latter are hypothetical strange stars. Their properties are discussed in the third part of this contribution.

Weber, F.; Kettner, C. [Univ. of Munich (Germany). Inst. for Theoretical Physics; Glendenning, N.K. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States). Nuclear Science Div.

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Amplification of Angular Rotations Using Weak Measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a weak measurement protocol that permits a sensitive estimation of angular rotations based on the concept of weak-value amplification. The shift in the state of a pointer, in both angular position and the conjugate orbital angular momentum bases, is used to estimate angular rotations. This is done by an amplification of both the real and imaginary parts of the weak-value of a polarization operator that has been coupled to the pointer, which is a spatial mode, via a spin-orbit coupling. Our experiment demonstrates the first realization of weak-value amplification in the azimuthal degree of freedom. We have achieved effective amplification factors as large as 100, providing a sensitivity that is on par with more complicated methods that employ quantum states of light or extremely large values of orbital angular momentum.

Omar S. Magana-Loaiza; Mohammad Mirhosseini; Brandon Rodenburg; Robert W. Boyd

2013-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

231

Twist deformation of rotationally invariant quantum mechanics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Noncommutative quantum mechanics in 3D is investigated in the framework of an abelian Drinfeld twist which deforms a given Hopf algebra structure. Composite operators (of coordinates and momenta) entering the Hamiltonian have to be reinterpreted as primitive elements of a dynamical Lie algebra which could be either finite (for the harmonic oscillator) or infinite (in the general case). The deformed brackets of the deformed angular momenta close the so(3) algebra. On the other hand, undeformed rotationally invariant operators can become, under deformation, anomalous (the anomaly vanishes when the deformation parameter goes to zero). The deformed operators, Taylor-expanded in the deformation parameter, can be selected to minimize the anomaly. We present the deformations (and their anomalies) of undeformed rotationally invariant operators corresponding to the harmonic oscillator (quadratic potential), the anharmonic oscillator (quartic potential), and the Coulomb potential.

Chakraborty, B. [S.N. Bose National Center for Basic Sciences, JD Block, Sector III, Salt-Lake, Kolkata-700098 (India); Kuznetsova, Z. [UFABC, Rua Catequese 242, Bairro Jardim, cep 09090-400, Santo Andre (Brazil); Toppan, F. [CBPF, Rua Dr. Xavier Sigaud 150, cep 22290-180, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

232

Accelerating and rotating black holes J. B. Griffiths1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Accelerating and rotating black holes J. B. Griffiths1 and J. Podolsk´y2 1Department Abstract An exact solution of Einstein's equations which represents a pair of accelerating and rotating which explicitly contains the known special cases for either rotating or accelerating black holes

233

Rotating-radio-frequency ion traps T. Hasegawa*  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

rf ion trap, the rotating-radio-frequency rotating-rf trap, in which the motion of a charged particleRotating-radio-frequency ion traps T. Hasegawa* Department of Physics, Keio University, Kanagawa and Technology, Boulder, Colorado 80305, USA Received 9 July 2005; published 20 October 2005 We discuss a radio-frequency

234

Hierarchical kernel-based rotation and scale invariant similarity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Image similarity measure has been widely used in pattern recognition and computer vision. We usually face challenges in terms of rotation and scale changes. In order to overcome these problems, an effective similarity measure which is invariant to rotation ... Keywords: Hierarchical kernels, Image similarity measure, Log-polar transform, Rotation and scale invariance

Y. Y. Tang; Tian Xia; Yantao Wei; Hong Li; Luoqing Li

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

3D discrete rotations using hinge angles Yohan Thibaulta,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3D discrete rotations using hinge angles Yohan Thibaulta, , Akihiro Sugimotob , Yukiko Kenmochia a of Informatics, Japan Abstract In this paper, we study 3D rotations on grid points computed by using only integers. For that purpose, we investigate the intersection between the 3D half- grid and the rotation

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

236

Galaxy rotation curves in de Sitter space  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dark energy inferred from the observed negative deceleration parameter introduces a small mass of the graviton, that satisfies the Higuchi stability condition. It implies an infra-red modification of gravitation that produces Milgrom's inverse distance law of gravitational attraction in excellent agreement with the observed galaxy rotation curves. We conclude that dark matter is present cosmologically with no need for local clustering in galaxies.

Maurice H. P. M. van Putten

2015-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

237

Rotating copper plasmoid in external magnetic field  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Effect of nonuniform magnetic field on the expanding copper plasmoid in helium and argon gases using optical emission spectroscopy and fast imaging is presented. We report a peculiar oscillatory rotation of plasmoid in magnetic field and argon ambient. The temporal variation and appearance of the dip in the electron temperature show a direct evidence of the threading and expulsion of the magnetic field lines from the plasmoid. Rayleigh Taylor instability produced at the interface separating magnetic field and plasma is discussed.

Pandey, Pramod K.; Thareja, Raj K. [Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh 208 016 (India)

2013-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

238

Covariant density functional theory for antimagnetic rotation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Following the previous letter on the first microscopic description of the antimagnetic rotation (AMR) in 105Cd, a systematic investigation and detailed analysis for the AMR band in the frame-work of tilted axis cranking (TAC) model based on covariant density functional theory are carried out. After performing the microscopic and self-consistentTAC calculations with an given density functional, the configuration for the observed AMR band in 105Cd is obtained from the single-particle Routhians. With the configuration thus obtained, the tilt angle for a given rotational frequency is determined self-consistently by minimizing the total Routhian with respect to the tilt angle. In such a way, the energy spectrum, total angular momenta, kinetic and dynamic moments of inertia, and the B(E2) values for the AMR band in 105Cd are calculated. Good agreement with the data is found. By investigating microscopically the contributions from neutrons and protons to the total angular momentum, the "two-shears-like" mechanism in the AMR band is clearly illus-trated. Finally, the currents leading to time-odd mean fields in the Dirac equation are presented and discussed in detail. It is found that they are essentially determined by the valence particles and/or holes. Their spatial distribution and size depend onthe specific single-particle orbitals and the rotational frequency.

P. W. Zhao; J. Peng; H. Z. Liang; P. Ring; J. Meng

2012-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

239

Ghost condensate model of flat rotation curves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An effective action of ghost condensate with higher derivatives creates a source of gravity and mimics a dark matter in spiral galaxies. We present a spherically symmetric static solution of Einstein--Hilbert equations with the ghost condensate at large distances, where flat rotation curves are reproduced in leading order over small ratio of two energy scales characterizing constant temporal and spatial derivatives of ghost field: $\\mu_*^2$ and $\\mu_\\star^2$, respectively, with a hierarchy $\\mu_\\star\\ll \\mu_*$. We assume that a mechanism of hierarchy is provided by a global monopole in the center of galaxy. An estimate based on the solution and observed velocities of rotations in the asymptotic region of flatness, gives $\\mu_*\\sim 10^{19}$ GeV and the monopole scale in a GUT range $\\mu_\\star\\sim 10^{16}$ GeV, while a velocity of rotation $v_0$ is determined by the ratio: $ \\sqrt{2} v_0^2= \\mu_\\star^2/\\mu_*^2$. A critical acceleration is introduced and naturally evaluated of the order of Hubble rate, that represents the Milgrom's acceleration.

V. V. Kiselev

2005-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

240

Dust-induced instability in a rotating plasma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effect of immobile dust on stability of a magnetized rotating plasma is analyzed. In the presence of dust, a term containing an electric field appears in the one-fluid equation of plasma motion. This electric field leads to an instability of the magnetized rotating plasma called the dust-induced rotational instability (DRI). The DRI is related to the charge imbalance between plasma ions and electrons introduced by the presence of charged dust. In contrast to the well-known magnetorotational instability requiring the decreasing radial profile of the plasma rotation frequency, the DRI can appear for an increasing rotation frequency profile.

Mikhailovskii, A. B.; Vladimirov, S. V.; Lominadze, J. G.; Tsypin, V. S.; Churikov, A. P.; Erokhin, N. N.; Galvao, R. M. O. [Institute of Nuclear Fusion, Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute, 1, Kurchatov Sq., Moscow 123182 (Russian Federation); School of Physics, University of Sydney, Sydney, N.S.W. 2006 (Australia); Kharadze Abastumani National Astrophysical Observatory, 2a, Kazbegi Ave., Tbilisi 0160 (Georgia); Brazilian Center for Physics Research, Rua Xavier Sigaud, 150, 22290-180, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil); Syzran Branch of Samara Technical University, 45, Sovetskaya Str., Syzran, Samara Region 446001 (Russian Federation); Institute of Nuclear Fusion, Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute, 1, Kurchatov Sq., Moscow 123182 (Russian Federation); Physics Institute, University of Sao Paulo, Cidade Universitaria, 05508-900, Sao Paulo, Brazil and Brazilian Center for Physics Research, Rua Xavier Sigaud, 150, 22290-180, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)

2008-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotating shadowband radiometers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Rotational-vibrational transitions of interstitial HD in Si  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The ir spectrum of interstitial HD in Si provides unique insight into the rotational motion of interstitial H2 because the rotational-vibrational transitions for the heteronuclear HD molecule are subject to less restrictive selection rules. ir lines for transitions between rotational-vibrational states of the interstitial HD molecule with rotational quantum numbers J=0, 1, and 2 have been observed. The assignment of the rotational-vibrational spectrum of interstitial HD, with additional transitions that occur for HD but not for H2 or D2, is confirmed by uniaxial stress results.

G. Alvin Shi; Michael Stavola; W. Beall Fowler; E Elinor Chen

2005-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

242

Resistive internal kink modes in a differentially rotating cylindrical plasma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The resistive internal kink modes in a differentially rotating cylindrical plasma column are studied. It is shown that the Velikhov effect, which causes the magnetorotational instability in astrophysics, contributes to the magnetic hill/well and thereby enhances or suppresses these modes, depending on the character of radial profile of the rotation frequency. It is pointed out that, in the case of unfavorable rotation frequency profile, such a rotation-induced magnetic hill can exceed the hill effect due to the plasma pressure gradient. Under this condition, there appears a new variety of resistive-interchange modes, which are referred to as rotational modes. On the other hand, for a favorable rotation frequency profile, the Velikhov effect suppresses the resistive-interchange modes. These results concern the m>1 modes, where m is the poloidal mode number. In the case of perturbations with m=1, the favorable rotation frequency profile leads to decreasing the growth rate of the reconnecting mode.

Mikhailovskii, A. B.; Lominadze, J. G.; Galvao, R. M. O.; Churikov, A. P.; Erokhin, N. N.; Konovalov, S. V.; Smolyakov, A. I.; Tsypin, V. S. [Institute of Nuclear Fusion, Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute, 1, Kurchatov Sq., Moscow 123182 (Russian Federation); Kharadze Abastumani National Astrophysical Observatory, 2a, Kazbegi Ave., Tbilisi 0160 (Georgia); Physics Institute, University of Sao Paulo, Cidade Universitaria, 05508-900, Sao Paulo (Brazil) and Brazilian Center for Physics Research, Rua Xavier Sigaud, 150, 22290-180, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil); Syzran Branch of Samara Technical University, 45, Sovetskaya Str., Syzran, Samara Region 446001 (Russian Federation); Institute of Nuclear Fusion, Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute, Kurchatov Sq., 1, Moscow 123182 (Russian Federation); University of Saskatchewan, 116 Science place, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan S7N 5E2 (Canada) and Institute of Nuclear Fusion, Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute, Kurchatov Sq., 1, Moscow 123182 (Russian Federation); Brazilian Center for Physics Research, Rua Xavier Sigaud, 150, 22290-180, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)

2007-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

243

Isorotation and differential rotation in a magnetic mirror with imposed E Multiplication-Sign B rotation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Doppler spectroscopy of helium impurities in the Maryland Centrifugal Experiment reveals the simultaneous existence of isorotating and differentially rotating magnetic surfaces. Differential rotation occurs at the innermost surfaces and is conjectured to cause plasma voltage oscillations of hundreds of kilohertz by periodically changing the current path inductance. High-speed images show the periodic expulsion of plasma near the mirror ends at the same frequencies. In spite of this, the critical ionization velocity limit is exceeded, with respect to the vacuum field definition, for at least 0.5 ms.

Romero-Talamas, C. A.; Elton, R. C.; Young, W. C.; Reid, R.; Ellis, R. F. [Institute for Research in Electronics and Applied Physics, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742 (United States)

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

244

Matrix elements for rotating Morse oscillators  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper formulas and recursion relations for the expectation values of the operators {1-exp[-a(r-re)]}n, (r-re)n, exp[-a(r-re)]n, and (r-re){exp[-a(r-re)]}n are derived for a rotating Morse oscillator. These equations can be used to calculate the diagonal (v=v’, J=J’) and off-diagonal (v?v’, J?J’) matrix elements. Asymptotic approximations for the diagonal elements of the (r-re)n operator, ?vJ?(r-re)?vJ? and ?vJ?(r-re)2?vJ?, are also obtained.

A. Requena; A. López Pieiro; B. Moreno

1986-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Nuclear Collective Rotation in the SU3 Model. III: Quantal Rotation for an Axially Symmetric Configuration  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Quantal form of the dynamical nuclear field theory is used for the...the collective rotation of a nuclear system with the S U 3 Hamiltonian...coincides with the exact S U 3 energy; the E2-matrix elements...Bohr A. , Mottelson B. R. Nuclear Structure (1975) New York......

Shin-ichi Kinouchi; Tetsuo Kammuri; Teruo Kishimoto

1990-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Canonical rotation variables and non-Hamiltonian forces: solar radiation pressure effects on asteroid rotation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......the effects by absorbed solar photons on the rotation...drawn. At last, if the solar photons are not absorbed...induced by inelastic energy dissipation for subkilometre...specular reflection of solar photons on Eros' surface...Research Council of Norway, projects 153382 and 170870. REFERENCES......

E. Mysen

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Viscosity of a Suspension with Internal Rotation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

When an insulating particle immersed into a low conducting liquid is submitted to a sufficiently high DC field E it can rotate spontaneously around itself along any axis perpendicular to the electric field. This symmetry break is known as Quincke rotation and could have important consequences on the rheology of such a suspension of particles (insulating particles dispersed in a slightly conducting liquid). Indeed if the suspension is subject to a shear rate and a DC electric field is applied in the velocity gradient direction the spin rate of the particles is greater than in the absence of an E field so that the macroscopic spin rate of the particles drives the suspending liquid and thus leads to a decrease of the apparent viscosity of the suspension. The purpose of this paper is to provide a relation between the apparent viscosity of the suspension the spin rate of the particles and the E field intensity. The predictions of the model are compared to experimental data which have been obtained on a suspension of PMMA particles dispersed in a low polar dielectric liquid. The agreement between experiments and theory is rather good even if the model overestimates the viscosity decrease induced by the field.

Lemaire Elisabeth; Lobry Laurent; Peters François

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

President's Management Council Interagency Rotation Program | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

President's Management Council Interagency Rotation Program President's Management Council Interagency Rotation Program President's Management Council Interagency Rotation Program To maximize effectiveness and broaden perspectives and potential, Federal agencies should invest in and emphasize career development. The Federal Government must continue to prepare its talent for challenges on the horizon. In 2011, the President's Management Council (PMC) and the Chief Human Capital Officers Council (CHCO) launched the PMC Interagency Rotation Program to bolster cross-agency exposure for high-potential GS 13-15s. Agency representatives designed the program and provide both participants and rotational opportunities. The PMC Interagency Rotation Program strengthens agency collaboration, facilitates best practice sharing across Departments, and builds a pipeline

249

Rotational actuator of motor based on carbon nanotubes  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A rotational actuator/motor based on rotation of a carbon nanotube is disclosed. The carbon nanotube is provided with a rotor plate attached to an outer wall, which moves relative to an inner wall of the nanotube. After deposit of a nanotube on a silicon chip substrate, the entire structure may be fabricated by lithography using selected techniques adapted from silicon manufacturing technology. The structures to be fabricated may comprise a multiwall carbon nanotube (MWNT), two in plane stators S1, S2 and a gate stator S3 buried beneath the substrate surface. The MWNT is suspended between two anchor pads and comprises a rotator attached to an outer wall and arranged to move in response to electromagnetic inputs. The substrate is etched away to allow the rotor to freely rotate. Rotation may be either in a reciprocal or fully rotatable manner.

Zettl, Alexander K. (Kensington, CA); Fennimore, Adam M. (Berkeley, CA); Yuzvinsky, Thomas D. (Berkeley, CA)

2008-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

250

Alpha Channeling in Rotating Plasma with Stationary Waves  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An extension of the alpha channeling effect to supersonically rotating mirrors shows that the rotation itself can be driven using alpha particle energy. Alpha channeling uses radiofrequency waves to remove alpha particles collisionlessly at low energy. We show that stationary magnetic fields with high n? can be used for this purpose, and simulations show that a large fraction of the alpha energy can be converted to rotation energy.

A. Fetterman and N.J. Fisch

2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

251

Laser induced rotation of trapped chiral and achiral nematic droplets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the response of optically trapped achiral and chiralised nematic liquid crystal droplets to linear as well as circular polarised light. We find that there is internal dissipation in rotating achiral nematic droplets trapped in glycerine. We also demonstrate that some chiralised droplets rotate under linearly polarised light. The best fit to our data on chiralised droplets indicates that rotational frequency of these droplets with radius R is approximately proportional to1/R^2, rather than to 1/R^3.

Marjan Mosallaeipour; Yashodhan Hatwalne; N. V. Madhusudana; Sharath Ananthamurthy

2010-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

252

Gravitational Faraday rotation in a weak gravitational field  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We examine the rotation of the plane of polarization for linearly polarized light rays by the weak gravitational field of an isolated physical system. Based on the rotation of inertial frames, we review the general integral expression for the net rotation. We apply this formula, an analogue to the usual electromagnetic Faraday effect, to some interesting astrophysical systems, namely uniformly shifting mass monopoles and a spinning external shell.

Mauro Sereno

2004-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

253

Gravitational Faraday rotation in a weak gravitational field  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We examine the rotation of the plane of polarization for linearly polarized light rays by the weak gravitational field of an isolated physical system. Based on the rotation of inertial frames, we review the general integral expression for the net rotation. We apply this formula, analogue to the usual electromagnetic Faraday effect, to some interesting astrophysical systems: uniformly shifting mass monopoles and a spinning external shell.

Mauro Sereno

2004-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

254

Forming rotated SAR images by real-time motion compensation.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Proper waveform parameter selection allows collecting Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) phase history data on a rotated grid in the Fourier Space of the scene being imaged. Subsequent image formation preserves the rotated geometry to allow SAR images to be formed at arbitrary rotation angles without the use of computationally expensive interpolation or resampling operations. This should be useful where control of image orientation is desired such as generating squinted stripmaps and VideoSAR applications, among others.

Doerry, Armin Walter

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Counter-Rotating Tandem Motor Drilling System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Gas Technology Institute (GTI), in partnership with Dennis Tool Company (DTC), has worked to develop an advanced drill bit system to be used with microhole drilling assemblies. One of the main objectives of this project was to utilize new and existing coiled tubing and slimhole drilling technologies to develop Microhole Technology (MHT) so as to make significant reductions in the cost of E&P down to 5000 feet in wellbores as small as 3.5 inches in diameter. This new technology was developed to work toward the DOE's goal of enabling domestic shallow oil and gas wells to be drilled inexpensively compared to wells drilled utilizing conventional drilling practices. Overall drilling costs can be lowered by drilling a well as quickly as possible. For this reason, a high drilling rate of penetration is always desired. In general, high drilling rates of penetration (ROP) can be achieved by increasing the weight on bit and increasing the rotary speed of the bit. As the weight on bit is increased, the cutting inserts penetrate deeper into the rock, resulting in a deeper depth of cut. As the depth of cut increases, the amount of torque required to turn the bit also increases. The Counter-Rotating Tandem Motor Drilling System (CRTMDS) was planned to achieve high rate of penetration (ROP) resulting in the reduction of the drilling cost. The system includes two counter-rotating cutter systems to reduce or eliminate the reactive torque the drillpipe or coiled tubing must resist. This would allow the application of maximum weight-on-bit and rotational velocities that a coiled tubing drilling unit is capable of delivering. Several variations of the CRTDMS were designed, manufactured and tested. The original tests failed leading to design modifications. Two versions of the modified system were tested and showed that the concept is both positive and practical; however, the tests showed that for the system to be robust and durable, borehole diameter should be substantially larger than that of slim holes. As a result, the research team decided to complete the project, document the tested designs and seek further support for the concept outside of the DOE.

Kent Perry

2009-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

256

Electromagnetic Analysis of Rotating Permanent Magnet Exciters for Hydroelectric Generators.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The purpose of this project is to analyse different design possibilities for a rotating permanent magnet exciter for a hydroelectric generator. This is done through… (more)

Nöland, Jonas

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Cooling for a rotating anode X-ray tube  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus for cooling a rotating anode X-ray tube. An electromagnetic motor is provided to rotate an X-ray anode with cooling passages in the anode. These cooling passages are coupled to a cooling structure located adjacent the electromagnetic motor. A liquid metal fills the passages of the cooling structure and electrical power is provided to the motor to rotate the anode and generate a rotating magnetic field which moves the liquid metal through the cooling passages and cooling structure.

Smither, Robert K. (Hinsdale, IL)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Evidence of fast rotation in dwarf elliptical galaxies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this Paper we investigate the kinematical properties of early-type dwarfs by significantly enlarging the scarce observational sample so far available. We present rotation curves and mean velocity dispersions for four bright dwarf ellipticals and two dwarf lenticular galaxies in the Virgo cluster. Most of these galaxies exhibit conspicuous rotation curves. In particular, five out of the six new galaxies are found to be close to the predictions for oblate spheroids flattened by rotation. Therefore, and contrary to the previous observational hints, the present data suggest that an important fraction of dwarf early-type galaxies may be rotationally supported.

S. Pedraz; J. Gorgas; N. Cardiel; P. Sanchez-Blazquez; R. Guzman

2002-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

259

Prospects for cooling and trapping rotationally hot molecules  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Cold collisions involving highly rotationally excited diatomic molecules are investigated. As the translational energy is lowered, the total inelastic cross section decreases sharply for specific channels where quasiresonant transitions are no longer energetically allowed. Rate coefficients are given for collisional quenching of rotationally excited H2,D2,T2, and O2 at zero temperature. The specific rotational states that are stable against collisional relaxation would be interesting prospects for cooling and trapping. The application of collisional cooling methods together with recently developed schemes for producing rotationally hot molecules may allow high densities of ultracold “super rotors” to be achieved.

R. C. Forrey

2002-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

260

Vibration-rotation spectrum of HCl: A physical chemistry experiment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Vibration-rotation spectrum of HCl: A physical chemistry experiment ... Utilizing a 0.5 cm−1 resolution teaching grade FTIR spectrometer, 15 vibrational ... ...

Fred E. Stafford; C. W. Holt; G. L. Paulson

1963-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotating shadowband radiometers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Rotational band properties in {sup 165}Er  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

High-spin states in {sup 165}Er have been studied experimentally using the {sup 160}Gd({sup 9}Be, 4n) reaction at beam energies of 42 and 45 MeV. The previously known bands based on the 5/2{sup +}[642], 5/2{sup -}[523], and 11/2{sup -}[505] configurations are extended to (49/2{sup +}), (45/2{sup -}), and (31/2{sup -}) states, respectively. The rotational bands in {sup 165}Er generally show gradual alignment processes, indicating strong band interactions associated with the i{sub 13/2} neutron alignments. The band properties are compared with those in the neighboring nuclei and discussed within the framework of the cranked shell model.

Wang, S. T. [Institute of Modern Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000 (China); Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049 (China); Zhou, X. H.; Zhang, Y. H.; Zheng, Y.; Liu, M. L.; Chen, L.; Zhang, N. T.; Hua, W.; Guo, S.; Qiang, Y. H.; Li, G. S.; Ding, B. [Institute of Modern Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000 (China); Shi, Y.; Xu, F. R. [School of Physics, and State Key Laboratory of Nuclear Physics and Technology, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China)

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

262

Rotation-based model trees for classification  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Structurally, a model tree is a regression method that takes the form of a decision tree with linear regression functions instead of terminal class values at its leaves. In this study, model trees were coupled with a rotation-based ensemble for solving classification problems. In order to apply this regression technique to classification problems, we considered the conditional class probability function and sought a model-tree approximation to it. During classification, the class whose model tree generated the greatest approximated probability value was chosen as the predicted class. We performed a comparison with other well-known ensembles of decision trees on standard benchmark data sets, and the performance of the proposed technique was greater in most cases.

S.B. Kotsiantis

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Rotational excitation of CH+ by electron impact  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the radial matrix elements M» .i f III. ROTATIONAL EXCITATION INDUCED BY DIPOLAR INTERACTION where 32m4 e2 7f f) ]) 9 (e2&&( 1)(e2&ey 1) "(-X.) I +( fn„-~ny, 1, Xo) I (19) For the case of dipole transitions, X =1, the matrix element in Eq. (11) is equivalent... relation' F( i', -+I, i'&,-1; Xo) (1 Xo) "& ' "y F(i', , gq&+I, 1; Xo), we arrive at the formula f,(rl, , t;) =- 9 „1I ((I/ri, )F('g, , i71, , 1 —'g; 1/X, )32m gg gg 1 x [F(1—ig, , iq, ,-1++; 1/Xo) + e' eF(l —iq~, i'~, 1-—g; I/Xo)] + q, =g~ j, (22) where p...

Chu, Shih-I; Dalgarno, A.

1974-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Rotating black string with nonlinear source  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, we derive rotating black string solutions in the presence of two kinds of nonlinear electromagnetic fields, so-called Born-Infeld and power Maxwell invariant. Investigation of the solutions show that for the Born-Infeld black string the singularity is timelike and the asymptotic behavior of the solutions is anti-de Sitter, but for power Maxwell invariant solutions, depending on the values of nonlinearity parameter, the singularity may be timelike as well as spacelike and the solutions are not asymptotically anti-de Sitter for all values of the nonlinearity parameter. Next, we calculate the conserved quantities of the solutions by using the counterterm method, and find that these quantities do not depend on the nonlinearity parameter. We also compute the entropy, temperature, the angular velocity, the electric charge, and the electric potential of the solutions, in which the conserved and thermodynamics quantities satisfy the first law of thermodynamics.

Hendi, S. H. [Physics Department, College of Sciences, Yasouj University, Yasouj 75914 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Research Institute for Astrophysics and Astronomy of Maragha (RIAAM), P.O. Box 55134-441, Maragha (Iran, Islamic Republic of) and National Elite Foundation, P.O. Box 19615-334, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

265

Modeling and Control of Surge and Rotating Stall in Compressors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in connection with acceleration of the compressor. Finally, a model for a centrifugal compression systemModeling and Control of Surge and Rotating Stall in Compressors Dr.ing. thesis Jan Tommy Gravdahl of rotating stall and surge in compressors. A close coupled valve is included in the Moore

Gravdahl, Jan Tommy

266

Veteran's Administration Medical Center General Plastic Surgery Rotation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Veteran's Administration Medical Center General Plastic Surgery Rotation 2nd year Resident By the end of the Plastic Surgery Rotation at the VAMC, the 2nd year residents are expected to expand with the following conditions that require plastic surgery, including but not limited to: · Upper extremity

Cui, Yan

267

RESONANT FARADAY ROTATION IN A HOT LITHIUM VAPOR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RESONANT FARADAY ROTATION IN A HOT LITHIUM VAPOR By SCOTT RUSSELL WAITUKAITIS A Thesis Submitted: #12;Abstract I describe a study of Faraday rotation in a hot lithium vapor. I begin by dis- cussing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 2.3 The Lithium Oven and Solenoid . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 3 Theoretical Framework

Cronin, Alex D.

268

Optimizing rotational acceleration curves for minimum energy use in electric  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optimizing rotational acceleration curves for minimum energy use in electric motors. 12/15/06 Fall the optimal efficiency of a motor for any input values of motor constants, distance, or time. In every of the inspiration to find which rotational acceleration curve for the used motors would be most efficient. We really

Ruina, Andy L.

269

On the Magnetic Field of a Rotating Molecule  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The space distribution and magnitude of electronic currents in a rotating molecule with a ?1 ground state are re-examined. An evaluation of the magnetic field set up by the rotation is attempted, and the results are used to interpret the width of radiofrequency resonance lines of some alkali halides.

G. C. Wick

1948-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

(c) Sample orientation angle: 0 deg PMMA sheet Rotation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mirror Moving stage PMMA Sheet Backlight Frontside ignition High speed video camera Laser beam Backside and ignition was obtained using a CO2 laser. The phenomena of non- piloted ignition over the irradiated PMMAPMMA sheet Rotation CO2 laser (c) Sample orientation angle: 0 deg Mirror PMMA sheet Rotation CO2

Kihm, IconKenneth David

271

Vibration?Rotation Spectroscopy of Molecules Trapped inside C60  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The remaining six degrees of freedom correspond to the vibrations and rotations of the diatomic molecule and the rattling vibration of the molecule inside the cage. ... The vibrational frequency and the rotational constant are slightly different. ... Dimerization of I mediated by 4-aminopyridine in a high-speed vibrating mill yields the cyclobutane-contg. ...

R. James Cross

2008-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

272

Vibration-Rotation Bands of Acetylene and the Molecular Dimensions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

4 December 1956 research-article Vibration-Rotation Bands of Acetylene and the...constants in the isotopic acetylenes, some vibration-rotation bands of acetylene have been...The values for each of the molecular vibrations have been re-determined, taking into...

1956-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Omni-directional and holonomic rolling platform with decoupled rotational and translational degrees of freedom  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A wheel assembly includes a support, a cage rotatably mounted on the support and having a longitudinal rotation axis, a first ball wheel rotatably mounted in the cage and having a rotation axis orthogonal to the rotation axis of the cage, and a second ball wheel rotatably mounted in the cage and having a rotation axis orthogonal to the rotation axis or the cage and to the rotation axis of the first ball wheel. A control circuit includes a photodetector signal which indicates ground contact for each ball wheel, and a tachometer which indicates actual drive shaft velocity.

Pin, Francois G. (Knoxville, TN); Killough, Stephen M. (Knoxville, TN)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Stabilization of global MHD instabilities by toroidal plasma rotation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Theoretical study and experimental observations suggest that rotation can play a crucial role in determining plasma stability. Since conventional magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) analysis ignores rotation, more advanced computational tools are being developed to confirm the theoretical understanding and to perform comparison between theory and experiment. In a previous work, the authors reported on the formulation and computation of MHD modes in plasmas with a small (subsonic) toroidal rotation. R.otation is found to have a substantial stabilizing effect under many circumstances. In this work, they extend the formulation in Ref. 4 to include an arbitrary (large) toroidal plasma rotation. It is the purpose of this work to examine the difference between these two formulations and report on results from computations using these formulations.

Chu, M.S.; Miller, R.L. [General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States); Bondeson, A. [Uppsala Univ. (Sweden); Luetjens, H. [Ecole Polytechnique, Palaiseau (France); DeRidder, G.; Sauter, O. [CRPP/EPFL, Lausanne (Switzerland)

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Gravito-inertial modes in a differentially rotating spherical shell  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

While many intermediate- and high-mass main sequence stars are rapidly and differentially rotating, the effects of rotation on oscillation modes are poorly known. In this communication we present a first study of axisymmetric gravito-inertial modes in the radiative zone of a differentially rotating star. We consider a simplified model where the radiative zone of the star is a linearly stratified rotating fluid within a spherical shell, with differential rotation due to baroclinic effects. We solve the eigenvalue problem with high-resolution spectral computations and determine the propagation domain of the waves through the theory of characteristics. We explore the propagation properties of two kinds of modes: those that can propagate in the entire shell and those that are restricted to a subdomain. Some of the modes that we find concentrate kinetic energy around short-period shear layers known as attractors. We describe various geometries for the propagation domains, conditioning the surface visibility of the...

Mirouh, Giovanni M; Rieutord, Michel; Ballot, Jérôme

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Rotational Doppler effect in x-ray photoionization  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The energy of the photoelectron experiences a red or blue Doppler shift when the molecule recedes from the detector or approaches him. This results in a broadening of the photoelectron line due to the translational thermal motion. However, the molecules also have rotational degrees of freedom and we show that the translational Doppler effect has its rotational counterpart. This rotational Doppler effect leads to an additional broadening of the spectral line of the same magnitude as the Doppler broadening caused by translational thermal motion. The rotational Doppler broadening as well as the rotational recoil broadening is sensitive to the molecular orbital from which the photoelectron is ejected. This broadening should be taken into account in analysis of x-ray photoemission spectra of super-high resolution and it can be directly observed using x-ray pump-probe spectroscopy.

Sun Yuping; Wang Chuankui [College of Physics and Electronics, Shandong Normal University, 250014 Jinan (China); Theoretical Chemistry, Roslagstullsbacken 15, Royal Institute of Technology, S-106 91 Stockholm (Sweden); Gel'mukhanov, Faris [Theoretical Chemistry, Roslagstullsbacken 15, Royal Institute of Technology, S-106 91 Stockholm (Sweden)

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

277

Rotational Doppler effect in left-handed materials  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We explain the rotational Doppler effect associated with light beams carrying with orbital angular momentum in left-handed materials (LHMs). We demonstrate that the rotational Doppler effect in LHMs is unreversed, which is significantly different from the axial Doppler effect. The physics underlying this intriguing effect is the combined contributions of negative phase velocity and the inverse screw of the wave front. We find that the additional Doppler effect caused by Gouy phase and wave-front curvature should be reversed, because of the negative index. In the normal dispersion region, the rotational Doppler effect induces an upstream energy flow but a downstream momentum flow. In the anomalous dispersion region, however, the rotational Doppler effect produces a downstream energy flow but an upstream momentum flow. We theoretically predict that the rotational Doppler effect can induce a transfer of angular momentum of the LHM to orbital angular momentum of the beam.

Hailu Luo; Shuangchun Wen; Weixing Shu; Zhixiang Tang; Yanhong Zou; Dianyuan Fan

2008-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

278

Rotational Doppler effect in x-ray photoionization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The energy of the photoelectron experiences a red or blue Doppler shift when the molecule recedes from the detector or approaches him. This results in a broadening of the photoelectron line due to the translational thermal motion. However, the molecules also have rotational degrees of freedom and we show that the translational Doppler effect has its rotational counterpart. This rotational Doppler effect leads to an additional broadening of the spectral line of the same magnitude as the Doppler broadening caused by translational thermal motion. The rotational Doppler broadening as well as the rotational recoil broadening is sensitive to the molecular orbital from which the photoelectron is ejected. This broadening should be taken into account in analysis of x-ray photoemission spectra of super-high resolution and it can be directly observed using x-ray pump-probe spectroscopy.

Yu-Ping Sun; Chuan-Kui Wang; Faris Gel’mukhanov

2010-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

279

Dependence of intrinsic rotation on collisionality in MAST  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Tokamak plasmas rotate even without any external injection of momentum. A Doppler backscattering system installed at MAST has allowed this intrinsic rotation to be studied in Ohmic L-mode and H-mode plasmas, including the first observation of intrinsic rotation reversals in a spherical tokamak. Experimental results are compared to a novel 1D model, which captures the collisionality dependence of the radial transport of toroidal angular momentum due to finite drift orbit effects on turbulent fluctuations. The model is able to accurately reproduce the change in sign of core toroidal rotation, using experimental density and temperature profiles from shots with rotation reversals as inputs and no free parameters fit to experimental data.

Hillesheim, J C; Barnes, M; Crocker, N A; Meyer, H; Peebles, W A; Scannell, R; Thornton, A

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

CONVECTION AND DIFFERENTIAL ROTATION IN F-TYPE STARS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Differential rotation is a common feature of main-sequence spectral F-type stars. In seeking to make contact with observations and to provide a self-consistent picture of how differential rotation is achieved in the interiors of these stars, we use the three-dimensional anelastic spherical harmonic (ASH) code to simulate global-scale turbulent flows in 1.2 and 1.3 M{sub Sun} F-type stars at varying rotation rates. The simulations are carried out in spherical shells that encompass most of the convection zone and a portion of the stably stratified radiative zone below it, allowing us to explore the effects of overshooting convection. We examine the scaling of the mean flows and thermal state with rotation rate and mass and link these scalings to fundamental parameters of the simulations. Indeed, we find that the differential rotation becomes much stronger with more rapid rotation and larger mass, scaling as {Delta}{Omega}{proportional_to}M {sup 3.9}{Omega}{sup 0.6}{sub 0}. Accompanying the growing differential rotation is a significant latitudinal temperature contrast, with amplitudes of 1000 K or higher in the most rapidly rotating cases. This contrast in turn scales with mass and rotation rate as {Delta}T{proportional_to}M {sup 6.4}{Omega}{sup 1.6}{sub 0}. On the other hand, the meridional circulations become much weaker with more rapid rotation and with higher mass, with their kinetic energy decreasing as KE{sub MC}{proportional_to}M {sup -1.2}{Omega}{sup -0.8}{sub 0}. Additionally, three of our simulations exhibit a global-scale shear instability within their stable regions that persists for the duration of the simulations. The flow structures associated with the instabilities have a direct coupling to and impact on the flows within the convection zone.

Augustson, Kyle C.; Toomre, Juri [JILA and Department of Astrophysical and Planetary Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309 (United States); Brown, Benjamin P. [Department of Astronomy and Center for Magnetic Self-Organization (CMSO) in Laboratory and Astrophysical Plasmas, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706-1582 (United States); Brun, Allan Sacha [DSM/IRFU/SAp, CEA-Saclay and UMR AIM, CEA-CNRS-Universite Paris 7, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette (France); Miesch, Mark S., E-mail: Kyle.Augustson@colorado.edu [High Altitude Observatory, Center Green 1, Boulder, CO 80301 (United States)

2012-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotating shadowband radiometers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

ZAKKAROFF et al.: RECOVERY OF SLICE ROTATIONS IN CARDIAC MR SERIES 1 Recovery of Slice Rotations with the Stack  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ZAKKAROFF et al.: RECOVERY OF SLICE ROTATIONS IN CARDIAC MR SERIES 1 Recovery of Slice Rotations with the Stack Alignment Transform in Cardiac MR Series Constantine Zakkaroff1 mnkz@leeds.ac.uk Aleksandra Radjenovic2 a.radjenovic@leeds.ac.uk John Greenwood3 j.greenwood@leeds.ac.uk Derek Magee1 d

Magee, Derek

282

Abstract--In electrically substituted radiometers, the ultra low noise control of the temperature is required. In this framework, we present results dedicated to the temperature regulation of copper plates, 3 cm diameter and 1 mm thick, using YBa2Cu3O7-d  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Abstract--In electrically substituted radiometers, the ultra low noise control of the temperature wide band absolute thermometers, with mK accuracy, also needs very efficient but convenient control of the sample holder. A temperature resolution well below the mK has to be reached in that case. We present here

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

283

Solid State Replacement of Rotating Mirror Cameras  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Rotating mirror cameras have been the mainstay of mega-frame per second imaging for decades. There is still no electronic camera that can match a film based rotary mirror camera for the combination of frame count, speed, resolution and dynamic range. The rotary mirror cameras are predominantly used in the range of 0.1 to 100 micro-seconds per frame, for 25 to more than a hundred frames. Electron tube gated cameras dominate the sub microsecond regime but are frame count limited. Video cameras are pushing into the microsecond regime but are resolution limited by the high data rates. An all solid state architecture, dubbed ''In-situ Storage Image Sensor'' or ''ISIS'', by Prof. Goji Etoh, has made its first appearance into the market and its evaluation is discussed. Recent work at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory has concentrated both on evaluation of the presently available technologies and exploring the capabilities of the ISIS architecture. It is clear though there is presently no single chip camera that can simultaneously match the rotary mirror cameras, the ISIS architecture has the potential to approach their performance.

Frank, A M; Bartolick, J M

2006-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

284

Gravitational waves from rapidly rotating neutron stars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rapidly rotating neutron stars in Low Mass X-ray Binaries have been proposed as an interesting source of gravitational waves. In this chapter we present estimates of the gravitational wave emission for various scenarios, given the (electromagnetically) observed characteristics of these systems. First of all we focus on the r-mode instability and show that a 'minimal' neutron star model (which does not incorporate exotica in the core, dynamically important magnetic fields or superfluid degrees of freedom), is not consistent with observations. We then present estimates of both thermally induced and magnetically sustained mountains in the crust. In general magnetic mountains are likely to be detectable only if the buried magnetic field of the star is of the order of $B\\approx 10^{12}$ G. In the thermal mountain case we find that gravitational wave emission from persistent systems may be detected by ground based interferometers. Finally we re-asses the idea that gravitational wave emission may be balancing the accretion torque in these systems, and show that in most cases the disc/magnetosphere interaction can account for the observed spin periods.

Brynmor Haskell; Nils Andersson; Caroline D`Angelo; Nathalie Degenaar; Kostas Glampedakis; Wynn C. G. Ho; Paul D. Lasky; Andrew Melatos; Manuel Oppenoorth; Alessandro Patruno; Maxim Priymak

2014-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

285

Molecular heat pump for rotational states  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this work we investigate the theory for three different uni-directional population transfer schemes in trapped multilevel systems which can be utilized to cool molecular ions. The approach we use exploits the laser-induced coupling between the internal and motional degrees of freedom so that the internal state of a molecule can be mapped onto the motion of that molecule in an external trapping potential. By sympathetically cooling the translational motion back into its ground state the mapping process can be employed as part of a cooling scheme for molecular rotational levels. This step is achieved through a common mode involving a laser-cooled atom trapped alongside the molecule. For the coherent mapping we will focus on adiabatic passage techniques which may be expected to provide robust and efficient population transfers. By applying far-detuned chirped adiabatic rapid passage pulses we are able to achieve an efficiency of better than 98% for realistic parameters and including spontaneous emission. Even...

Lazarou, C; Garraway, B M

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Molecular heat pump for rotational states  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this work we investigate the theory for three different uni-directional population transfer schemes in trapped multilevel systems which can be utilized to cool molecular ions. The approach we use exploits the laser-induced coupling between the internal and motional degrees of freedom so that the internal state of a molecule can be mapped onto the motion of that molecule in an external trapping potential. By sympathetically cooling the translational motion back into its ground state the mapping process can be employed as part of a cooling scheme for molecular rotational levels. This step is achieved through a common mode involving a laser-cooled atom trapped alongside the molecule. For the coherent mapping we will focus on adiabatic passage techniques which may be expected to provide robust and efficient population transfers. By applying far-detuned chirped adiabatic rapid passage pulses we are able to achieve an efficiency of better than 98% for realistic parameters and including spontaneous emission. Even though our main focus is on cooling molecular states, the analysis of the different adiabatic methods has general features which can be applied to atomic systems.

C. Lazarou; M. Keller; B. M. Garraway

2010-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

287

Magnetic and collective rotation in 79Br  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Excited states of the nucleus 79Br were investigated via the reaction 76Ge(7Li,4n) at a beam energy of 35 MeV. Coincidence data of emitted ? rays were measured with an arrangement of six EUROBALL CLUSTER detectors. The E2 bands built on the 9/2+ and 3/2- states were extended up to J=37/2 at E?8.8?MeV. The M1 band starting with a 15/2- state at 2.6 MeV was observed up to J=(29/2) at E=6.4?MeV. Crossover E2 transitions within this band were observed for the first time. Mean lifetimes of 17 levels were deduced using the Doppler-shift-attenuation method. The M1 band can be described within the tilted-axis-cranking model on the basis of the tilted three-quasiparticle configuration ?(g9/2)??(g9/2)??(fp) which has a triaxial shape. This band appears as a mixed case including contributions of both magnetic and collective rotation.

R. Schwengner; F. Dönau; T. Servene; H. Schnare; J. Reif; G. Winter; L. Käubler; H. Prade; S. Skoda; J. Eberth; H. G. Thomas; F. Becker; B. Fiedler; S. Freund; S. Kasemann; T. Steinhardt; O. Thelen; T. Härtlein; C. Ender; F. Köck; P. Reiter; D. Schwalm

2002-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

288

Galaxy rotation curves in de Sitter space  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The observed positive cosmological constant $\\Lambda$ and Hubble constant $H_0$ introduce a background of de Sitter gravitons of mass $m_0=\\sqrt{\\Lambda}\\hbar/c$ at a non-relativistic temperature $k_BT_{dS}=a_{H}\\hbar/\\pi c$, $a_H=H_0c$, where $\\hbar$ denotes the Planck constant and $c$ the velocity of light. In this cosmology, gravitational interactions are parameterized by the inverse temperature $\\beta=T_{dS}/T$ of the vacuum. The high and low $\\beta$ limits produce an acceleration $a\\simeq\\sqrt{a_Na_0}$, $a_0=2a_{H}/(1+\\beta_{dS})\\simeq 1.37\\times 10^{-8}$ cm s$^{-2}$, observed in observed galaxy rotation curves and, respectively, Newton's law. Gravitation may be anomalously weak in a transition about $2.17\\, {M_{11}^{1/2}} \\, \\mbox{kpc}$ around a galaxy of $M=M_{11}10^{11}M_\\odot$.

Maurice H. P. M. van Putten

2014-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

289

Theoretical rotation-vibration spectrum of thioformaldehyde  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a variational calculation of the first comprehensive T = 300 K rovibrational line list for thioformaldehyde, H{sub 2}CS. It covers 41?809 rovibrational levels for states up to J{sub max} = 30 with vibrational band origins up to 5000 cm{sup ?1} and provides the energies and line intensities for 547?926 transitions from the ground vibrational state to these levels. It is based on our previously reported accurate ab initio potential energy surface and a newly calculated ab initio dipole moment surface. Minor empirical adjustments are made to the ab initio equilibrium geometry to reduce systematic errors in the predicted intra-band rotational energy levels. The rovibrational energy levels and transition intensities are computed variationally by using the methods implemented in the computer program TROVE. Transition wavelengths and intensities are found to be in excellent agreement with the available experimental data. The present calculations correctly reproduce the observed resonance effects, such as intensity borrowing, thus reflecting the high accuracy of the underlying ab initio surfaces. We report a detailed analysis of several vibrational bands, especially those complicated by strong Coriolis coupling, to facilitate future laboratory assignments.

Yachmenev, Andrey [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University College London, London, WC1E 6BT (United Kingdom)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University College London, London, WC1E 6BT (United Kingdom); Polyak, Iakov; Thiel, Walter [Max-Planck-Institut für Kohlenforschung, Kaiser-Wilhelm-Platz 1, D–45470 Mülheim an der Ruhr (Germany)] [Max-Planck-Institut für Kohlenforschung, Kaiser-Wilhelm-Platz 1, D–45470 Mülheim an der Ruhr (Germany)

2013-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

290

Speed of light on rotating platforms  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It is often taken for granted that on board a rotating disk it is possible to operate a \\QTR{it}{global}3+1 splitting of space-time, such that both lengths and time intervals are \\QTR{it}{uniquely} defined in terms of measurements performed by real rods and real clocks at rest on the platform. This paper shows that this assumption, although widespread and apparently trivial, leads to an anisotropy of the velocity of two light beams travelling in opposite directions along the rim of the disk; which in turn implies some recently pointed out paradoxical consequences undermining the self-consistency of the Special Theory of Relativity (SRT). A correct application of the SRT solves the problem and recovers complete internal consistency for the theory. As an immediate consequence, it is shown that the Sagnac effect only depends on the non homogeneity of time on the platform and has nothing to do with any anisotropy of the speed of light along the rim of the disk, contrary to an incorrect but widely supported idea.

G. Rizzi; A. Tartaglia

1998-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

291

Pulsations of rapidly rotating stars: I. The ACOR numerical code  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Very high precision seismic space missions such as CoRoT and Kepler provide the means of testing the modeling of transport processes in stellar interiors. For some stars, such as solar-like and red giant stars, a rotational splitting is measured. However, in order to fully exploit these splittings and constrain the rotation profile, one needs to be able to calculate them accurately. For some other stars, such as $\\delta$ Scuti and Be stars, for instance, the observed pulsation spectra are modified by rotation to such an extent that a perturbative treatment of the effects of rotation is no longer valid. We present here a new two-dimensional non-perturbative code, called ACOR (\\textit{Adiabatic Code of Oscillation including Rotation}) which allows us to compute adiabatic non-radial pulsations of rotating stars, without making any assumptions on the sphericity of the star, the fluid properties (i.e. baroclinicity) or the rotation profile. The 2D non-perturbative calculations fully take into account the centrifug...

Ouazzani, Rhita-Maria; Reese, Daniel

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Breakdown of large-scale circulation in turbulent rotating convection  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Turbulent rotating convection in a cylinder is investigated both numerically and experimentally at Rayleigh number Ra=109 and Prandtl number ?=6.4. In this letter we discuss two topics: the breakdown under rotation of the domain-filling large-scale circulation (LSC) typical for confined convection, and the convective heat transfer through the fluid layer, expressed by the Nusselt number. The presence of the LSC is addressed for several rotation rates. For Rossby numbers Ro1.2 no LSC is found (the Rossby number indicates relative importance of buoyancy over rotation, hence small Ro indicates strong rotation). For larger Rossby numbers a precession of the LSC in anticyclonic direction (counter to the background rotation) is observed. It is shown that the heat transfer has a maximal value close to Ro=0.18 being about 15% larger than in the non-rotating case Ro=?. Since the LSC is no longer present at this Rossby value we conclude that the peak heat transfer is independent of the LSC.

R. P. J. Kunnen; H. J. H. Clercx; B. J. Geurts

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

ROTATION OF MERCURY: THEORETICAL ANALYSIS OF THE DYNAMICS OF A RIGID ELLIPSOIDAL PLANET  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Laboratory ROTATION OF MERCURY: THEDRETICAL ANALYSIS OF THEW -7405-eng-48 ROTATION OF MERCURY: THEORETICAL ANALYSIS OFfor the rotation of Mercury is sho'ln to imply locked-in

Laslett, L. Jackson

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Linear Stability and Subcritical Turbulence in Rotating Shear Flows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The relation between rotating plane Couette and Taylor-Couette flows is clarified. The identity of their linear stability limits is explained by considering the effect of the Coriolis force in the rotating frame. Experimental data are used to quantify the behavior of the minimum Reynolds number for subcritical turbulence as a function of rotation and curvature. This last dependence is understood through a phenomenological analysis, which also implies that the Coriolis force reduces the efficiency of subcritical turbulent transport with respect to nonrotating flows, as observed numerically.

P. -Y. Longaretti

2003-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

295

Landau Damping of Geodesic Acoustic Mode in Toroidally Rotating Tokamaks  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Geodesic acoustic mode (GAM) is analyzed by using gyro-kinetic equations applicable to low-frequency microinstabilities in a rotating axisymmetric plasma. Dispersion relation of GAM in the presence of arbitrary Mach number is analytically dervied. Toroidal rotation plays the same effects on the GAM regardless of the orientation of equilibrium flow. It is shown that the toroidal Mach number increases the GAM frequency and dramatically decreases the Landau damping rate. Classical gyro-kinetic equation is examined to be not suitable for describing the GAM in a torodially rotating tokamak plasma even for very small Mach number.

Ren, Haijun

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Machine protection system for rotating equipment and method  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A machine protection system and method for rotating equipment introduces new alarming features and makes use of full proximity probe sensor information, including amplitude and phase. Baseline vibration amplitude and phase data is estimated and tracked according to operating modes of the rotating equipment. Baseline vibration and phase data can be determined using a rolling average and variance and stored in a unit circle or tracked using short term average and long term average baselines. The sensed vibration amplitude and phase is compared with the baseline vibration amplitude and phase data. Operation of the rotating equipment can be controlled based on the vibration amplitude and phase.

Lakshminarasimha, Arkalgud N. (Marietta, GA); Rucigay, Richard J. (Marietta, GA); Ozgur, Dincer (Kennesaw, GA)

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Energy spectra of strongly stratified and rotating turbulence  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Turbulence under strong stratification and rotation is usually characterized as quasi-two-dimensional turbulence. We develop a “quasi-two-dimensional” energy spectrum which changes smoothly between the Kolmogorov -53 law (no stratification), the -2 scalings of Zhou [Phys. Fluids 7, 2092 (1995)] for the case of strong rotation, as well as the -2 scalings for the case of strong rotation and stratification. For strongly stratified turbulence, the model may give the -2 scaling predicted by Herring [Meteorol. Atmos. Phys. 38, 106 1988], and the -53 scaling indicated by some mesoscale observations.

Alex Mahalov; Basil Nicolaenko; Ye Zhou

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

K=0 Rotational Bands in Yb174  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The ? deexcitation of three excited K=0 rotational bands has been studied following population in the Yb173(n,?) reaction at resonant neutron energies of 4.53 and 17.7 eV. The ? rays were detected in singles and coincidence with Ge(Li) detectors. Analysis was also made of the primary radiation. The decay properties of these bands exhibit strong deviations from the Alaga ratios. For the lowest excited K=0 band the deexcitation branching ratios resemble those in the even-even Sm, Gd, Yb, and W nuclei. The higher-lying K=0 bands in Yb174 decay similarly to those in Yb172 but considerably differently from the lowest K=0 bands in this region. The pairing-vibrational character of the K=0 bands in Yb174, as shown by (p,t) and (t,p) reaction studies, apparently does not greatly alter the relative decay rates for these states. Two-band mixing of each K=0 band with the ground band cannot explain all the observed results, nor can three-band mixing involving the ? vibration. The presence of M1 components in the I?I transitions could explain some of the anomalous branching ratios but cannot be a complete explanation. It is suggested that multiband mixing including the excited K=0 bands themselves may have to be considered. The two-neutron-transfer-reaction data can also be interpreted in terms of such mixing. The observed similarities between Yb174 and other nuclei in this region suggest a corresponding similarity of mixing effects.

R. F. Casten; D. Breitig; W. R. Kane; S. F. Mughabghab

1973-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Quasielastic neutron scattering of -NH3 and -BH3 rotational dynamics...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Quasielastic neutron scattering of -NH3 and -BH3 rotational dynamics in orthorhombic ammonia borane. Quasielastic neutron scattering of -NH3 and -BH3 rotational dynamics in...

300

Faraday rotation spectroscopy of nitrogen dioxide based on a widely tunable external cavity quantum cascade laser  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Faraday rotation spectroscopy of nitrogen dioxide based on a widely tunable external cavity quantum: Faraday Rotation Spectroscopy, external-cavity quantum cascade laser, nitrogen dioxide, trace

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotating shadowband radiometers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Carderock Rotating Arm Tow Tank | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rotating Arm Tow Tank Rotating Arm Tow Tank Jump to: navigation, search Basic Specifications Facility Name Carderock Rotating Arm Tow Tank Overseeing Organization United States Naval Surface Warfare Center Hydrodynamic Testing Facility Type Tow Tank Beam(m) 79.2 Depth(m) 6.1 Water Type Freshwater Cost(per day) Contact POC Special Physical Features Rotating Arm facility is a circular indoor basin 79.2m in diameter. The arm is a bridge-like structure with a span of 39.3m and pivots on a pedestal in the center of the basin. Towing Capabilities Towing Capabilities Yes Maximum Velocity(m/s) 25.8 Wavemaking Capabilities Wavemaking Capabilities None Channel/Tunnel/Flume Channel/Tunnel/Flume None Wind Capabilities Wind Capabilities None Control and Data Acquisition Cameras None

302

Physics of Intrinsic Plasma Rotation Explained for the First Time  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Physics of Intrinsic Physics of Intrinsic Plasma Rotation Explained for First Time Physics of Intrinsic Plasma Rotation Explained for First Time Key understanding for modeling future fusion reactors such as ITER July 23, 2013 | Tags: Fusion Energy Sciences (FES), Hopper CHANG.JPG Flamelets or hot spots along the plasma edge (a) drive turbulence intensity (b), temperature intensity (c), and intrinsic torque (d) inward, converting heat into toroidal rotation. (S. Ku et al.) If humans could harness nuclear fusion, the process that powers stars like our sun, the world could have an inexhaustible, clean energy source. Scientists have taken another step towards that goal with research that uncovers why the hot, gaseous stews used in fusion reactions sometimes spontaneously rotate in their donut-shaped containment "pots," called

303

Rotation and plasma stability in the Fitzpatrick-Aydemir model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The rotational stabilization of the resistive wall modes (RWMs) is analyzed within the single-mode cylindrical Fitzpatrick-Aydemir model [R. Fitzpatrick, Phys. Plasmas 9, 3459 (2002)]. Here, the consequences of the Fitzpatrick-Aydemir dispersion relation are derived in terms of the observable growth rate and toroidal rotation frequency of the mode, which allows easy interpretation of the results and comparison with experimental observations. It is shown that this model, developed for the plasma with weak dissipation, predicts the rotational destabilization of RWM in the typical range of the RWM rotation. The model predictions are compared with those obtained in a similar model, but with the Boozer boundary conditions at the plasma surface [A. H. Boozer, Phys. Plasmas 11, 110 (2004)]. Simple experimental tests of the model are proposed.

Pustovitov, V. D. [Nuclear Fusion Institute, Russian Research Centre 'Kurchatov Institute', Kurchatov Square, 1, Moscow, 123182 (Russian Federation)

2007-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

304

Magnetic instabilities in collisionless astrophysical rotating plasma with anisotropic pressure  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A technique is developed for analytical study of instabilities in collisionless astrophysical rotating plasma with anisotropic pressure that may lead to magnetic turbulence. Description is based on a pair of equations for perturbations of the radial magnetic field and the sum of magnetic field and perpendicular plasma pressures. From these equations, a canonical second-order differential equation for the perturbed radial magnetic field is derived and, subsequently, the dispersion relation for local perturbations. The paper predicts two varieties of hybrid instabilities due to the effects of differential plasma rotation and pressure anisotropy: The rotational-firehose and rotational-mirror ones. When the gravitation force is weak compared with the perpendicular pressure gradient, a new family of instabilities (the pressure-gradient-driven) is revealed.

Mikhailovskii, A. B.; Pustovitov, V. D.; Erokhin, N. N. [Institute of Nuclear Fusion, Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute, 1, Kurchatov Sq., Moscow 123182 (Russian Federation); Lominadze, J. G. [Kharadze Abastumani National Astrophysical Observatory, 2a, Kazbegi Ave., Tbilisi 0160 (Georgia); Nodia Institute of Geophysics, 1, Aleksidze Str., Tbilisi 0193 (Georgia); Smolyakov, A. I. [Institute of Nuclear Fusion, Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute, 1, Kurchatov Sq., Moscow 123182 (Russian Federation); University of Saskatchewan, 116 Science Place, Saskatoon S7N 5E2 (Canada); Churikov, A. P. [Syzran Branch of Samara Technical University, 45, Sovetskaya Str., Syzran, Samara Region 446001 (Russian Federation)

2008-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

305

Magnetorotational instability in a rotating liquid metal annulus  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Magnetorotational instability in a rotating liquid metal annulus Hantao Ji 1 Jeremy Goodman 2 Akira Kageyama 1 3 E-mail: hji@pppl.gov 1 Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, NJ 08543, USA 2 Princeton University Observatory, Princeton, NJ......

Hantao Ji; Jeremy Goodman; Akira Kageyama

2001-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Particle dispersion by random waves in the rotating Boussinesq system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a theoretical and numerical study of horizontal particle dispersion due to random waves in the three-dimensional rotating and stratified Boussinesq system, which serves as a simple model to study the dispersion ...

Ferrari, Raffaele

307

Subcritical turbulent transition in rotating and curved shear flows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The effects of global flow rotation and curvature on the subcritical transition to turbulence in shear flows are examined. The relevant time-scales of the problem are identified by a decomposition of the flow into a laminar and a deviation from laminar parts, which is performed for rotating plane Couette and Taylor-Couette flows. The usefulness and relevance of this procedure are discussed at the same time. By comparing the self-sustaining process time-scale to the time-scales previously identified, an interpretation is brought to light for the behavior of the transition Reynolds number with the rotation number and relative gap width in the whole neighborhood (in parameter space) of the non-rotating plane Couette flow covered by the available data.

P-Y. Longaretti; O. Dauchot

2005-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

308

Short-period seismic rotations and translations recorded by Rotaphone  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-period Rotaphone records of events induced by natural and/or anthropogenic sources 31 5.1 Records of quarry blasts Rotation to translation relations 39 7 The problem of seismic translational components being contaminated

Cerveny, Vlastislav

309

Contrast from rotating frame relaxation by adiabatic pulses  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This document discusses, among other things, a system and method for modulating transverse and longitudinal relaxation time contrast in a rotating frame based on a train of radio frequency pulses.

Michaeli, Shalom (St. Paul, MN); Garwood, Michael G. (Medina, MN); Ugurbil, Kamil (Minneapolis, MN); Sorce, Dennis J. (Cockeysville, MD)

2007-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

310

Rotational motion in plastic quinuclidine : Results from quasielastic neutron scattering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

563 Rotational motion in plastic quinuclidine : Results from quasielastic neutron scattering C. 2014 Results of incoherent quasielastic neutron scattering experiments on quinuclidine, C7Hl3N, in its

Boyer, Edmond

311

Chemical and physical properties of short rotation tree species  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Short rotation forestry (SRF) can be defined as a form of...1999; Weih 2004). SRF has achieved greater awareness, especially in Europe...2009). The directive steers the production of raw materials in a way that c...

Janne Pesonen; Toivo Kuokkanen…

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

The possible influence of curvature and rotation on ocean currents  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recent laboratory investigations have shown that rotation and (streamwise) curvature can have spectacular effects on momentum transport in turbulent shear flows. A simple model that takes account of these effects...

R Narasimha

1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Abstract: Development and Deployment of a Short Rotation Woody...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

a Single-Pass Cut-and-Chip Harvest System for Short Rotation Woody Crops 2011 Biomass Program Platform Peer Review: Feedstock Feedstock Supply and Logistics:Biomass as a Commodity...

314

Rotationally resolved threshold photoionization of H{sub 2}S  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

With the recent development of zero kinetic energy threshold photoelectron spectroscopy (ZEKE-PES) it is now possible to take advantage of the high resolution capabilities of laser radiation and measure the rotational distributions of many small cations produced via photoionization. We have used threshold photoelectron spectroscopy in conjunction with a VUV laser source to probe the rotational distributions of several molecular cations following one- photon VUV photoionization. Spectra are obtained by the delayed, pulsed field ionization (PFI) method which is a variant of the ZEKE- PES technique. In this paper, we report on the rotationally-resolved threshold photoelectron spectra of the non-linear triatomic H{sub 2}S. These measurements are an extension of our earlier study on H{sub 2}O which provided the first look at the symmetry properties of allowed rotational transitions in the photoionization of non-linear molecules.

Wiedmann, R.T.; White, M.G.

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

315

Rotationally resolved threshold photoionization of H sub 2 S  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

With the recent development of zero kinetic energy threshold photoelectron spectroscopy (ZEKE-PES) it is now possible to take advantage of the high resolution capabilities of laser radiation and measure the rotational distributions of many small cations produced via photoionization. We have used threshold photoelectron spectroscopy in conjunction with a VUV laser source to probe the rotational distributions of several molecular cations following one- photon VUV photoionization. Spectra are obtained by the delayed, pulsed field ionization (PFI) method which is a variant of the ZEKE- PES technique. In this paper, we report on the rotationally-resolved threshold photoelectron spectra of the non-linear triatomic H{sub 2}S. These measurements are an extension of our earlier study on H{sub 2}O which provided the first look at the symmetry properties of allowed rotational transitions in the photoionization of non-linear molecules.

Wiedmann, R.T.; White, M.G.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Reactive scattering in the bending-corrected rotating linear model  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We review the theory and applications of the Bending-Corrected Rotating Linear Model (BCRLM) to problems in the quantum description of reactions between atoms and diatomic molecules. 110 refs.

Walker, R.B.; Hayes, E.F.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

MHK Technologies/Sub Surface Counter Rotation Current Generator | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sub Surface Counter Rotation Current Generator Sub Surface Counter Rotation Current Generator < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Sub Surface Counter Rotation Current Generator.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization Cyclocean LLC Technology Type Click here Axial Flow Turbine Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 7 8 Open Water System Testing Demonstration and Operation Technology Description Self regulated sub surface current generators that operate independently that tether freely anchored offshore in deep waters in the Gulf Stream Current producing continuos clean energy for the eastern seaboard Technology Dimensions Device Testing Date Submitted 20:10.1 << Return to the MHK database homepage Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=MHK_Technologies/Sub_Surface_Counter_Rotation_Current_Generator&oldid=681657

318

Rotating stool mounted on a low-friction hub  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The rotating stool for angular momentum described in this article uses a hub removed from the rear axle of a salvaged Geo automobile. The bearings of this hub are sealed and will not require any additional preparation. This rotating stool weighs 18 pounds is 18 inches high and will conform to an uneven floor. The seat and stand can easily be removed from the base for storage and transportation.

Arthur Bryant

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

On the Planetary acceleration and the Rotation of the Earth  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have developed a model for the Earth rotation that gives a good account (data) of the Earth astronomical parameters. These data can be compared with the ones obtained using space-base telescopes. The expansion of the universe has an impact on the rotation of planets, and in particular, the Earth. The expansion of the universe causes an acceleration that is exhibited by all planets.

Arbab I. Arbab

2007-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

320

State-Resolved Rotational Excitation in HD + HD Collisions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A novel pulsed-molecular-beam technique has been used to measure differential cross sections for state-resolved rotational transitions in HD + HD collisions. Inelastic transition probabilities are reported for the rotation-energy-level transitions JAJB=00?JA?JB?=(10, 01), 11, and (20, 02) at a center-of-mass scattering angle at 90° and at several collision energies. A brief description of the apparatus is provided.

W. Ronald Gentry and Clayton F. Giese

1977-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotating shadowband radiometers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Crop Rotation in the Blackland Region of Central Texas.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

declining. The almost continuous cropping of these soils to cotton year after year without much, if any, effort being made to maintain or increase their productiveness by the use of fertilizers and manures, crop rotations, or the prevention of soil... washing, has resulted in a reduction in the productiveness of a region once thought to be inexhaustible in its fertility. The use of fertilizers has not been successful in restoring these soils to / their original productivness. Rotation or changing...

Reynolds, E. B. (Elbert Brunner); Killough, D. T. (David Thornton)

1927-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Magneto-Rotational Transport in the Early Sun  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Angular momentum transport must have occurred in the Sun's radiative zone to explain its current solid body rotation. We survey the stability of the early Sun's radiative zone with respect to diffusive rotational instabilities, for a variety of plausible past configurations. We find that the (faster rotating) early Sun was prone to rotational instabilities even if only weak levels of radial differential rotation were present, while the current Sun is not. Stability domains are determined by approximate balance between dynamical and diffusive timescales, allowing generalizations to other stellar contexts. Depending on the strength and geometry of the weak magnetic field present, the fastest growing unstable mode can be hydrodynamic or magneto-hydrodynamic (MHD) in nature. Our results suggest that diffusive MHD modes may be more efficient at transporting angular momentum than their hydrodynamic (``Goldreich-Schubert-Fricke'') counterparts because the minimum spatial scale required for magnetic tension to be destabilizing limits the otherwise very small scales favored by double-diffusive instabilities. Diffusive magneto-rotational instabilities are thus attractive candidates for angular momentum transport in the early Sun's radiative zone.

Kristen Menou; Joel LeMer

2006-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

323

Tidal Dissipation in Rotating Giant Planets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Many extrasolar planets orbit sufficiently close to their host stars that significant tidal interactions can be expected, resulting in an evolution of the spin and orbital properties of the planets. The accompanying dissipation of energy can also be an important source of heat, leading to the inflation of short-period planets and even mass loss through Roche lobe overflow. Tides may therefore play an important role in determining the observed distributions of mass, orbital period, and eccentricity of the extrasolar planets. In addition, tidal interactions between gaseous giant planets in the solar system and their moons are thought to be responsible for the orbital migration of the satellites, leading to their capture into resonant configurations. Traditionally, the efficiency of tidal dissipation is simply parameterized by a quality factor Q, which depends, in principle, in an unknown way on the frequency and amplitude of the tidal forcing. In this paper we treat the underlying fluid dynamical problem with the aim of determining the efficiency of tidal dissipation in gaseous giant planets such as Jupiter, Saturn, or the short-period extrasolar planets. Efficient convection enforces a nearly adiabatic stratification in these bodies, which may or may not contain solid cores. With some modifications, our approach can also be applied to low-mass stars with extended convective envelopes. In cases of interest, the tidal forcing frequencies are typically comparable to the spin frequency of the planet but are small compared to its dynamical frequency. We therefore study the linearized response of a slowly and possibly differentially rotating planet to low-frequency tidal forcing. Convective regions of the planet support inertial waves, which possess a dense or continuous frequency spectrum in the absence of viscosity, while any radiative regions support generalized Hough waves. We formulate the relevant equations for studying the excitation of these disturbances and present a set of illustrative numerical calculations of the tidal dissipation rate. We argue that inertial waves provide a natural avenue for efficient tidal dissipation in most cases of interest. In the presence of a solid core, the excited disturbance tends to be localized on a web of rays rather than resembling a smooth eigenfunction. The resulting value of Q depends, in principle, in a highly erratic way on the forcing frequency, but we provide analytical and numerical evidence that the frequency-averaged dissipation rate may be asymptotically independent of the viscosity in the limit of small Ekman number. For a smaller viscosity, the tidal disturbance has a finer spatial structure and individual resonances are more pronounced. In short-period extrasolar planets, tidal dissipation via inertial waves becomes somewhat less efficient once they are spun down to a synchronous state. However, if the stellar irradiation of the planet leads to the formation of a radiative outer layer that supports generalized Hough modes, the tidal dissipation rate can be enhanced, albeit with significant uncertainty, through the excitation and damping of these waves. The dissipative mechanisms that we describe offer a promising explanation of the historical evolution and current state of the Galilean satellites, as well as the observed circularization of the orbits of short-period extrasolar planets.

G. I. Ogilvie; D. N. C. Lin

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Pseudosteady-state mixed convection inside rotating spherical containers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A computational study of the pseudosteady-state two-dimensional mixed convection within rotating spherical containers is presented. The computations are based on an iterative, finite-volume numerical procedure using primitive dependent variables, whereby the time-dependent continuity, momentum and energy equations in the spherical coordinate system are solved. Natural convection effect is modeled via the Boussinesq approximation. For a fixed Prandtl number of 4.62, parametric studies were performed by varying the Rayleigh number in order to cover the laminar regime adequately. For a given Rayleigh number, the ratio of Gr/Re{sup 2} was varied between 0.1 and 10. Given a Rayleigh number, the streamline patterns maintain their general shape with a dominant rotating vortex. As the forced convection effect becomes less marked, the streamlines exhibit less pronounced gradients near the surface of the sphere. As the rotational effect become more marked, the extent of the deviation from the limiting case of non-rotating spheres becomes more noticed. However, the bottom of the sphere still remains to be the region with enhanced heat transfer. Given a rotational Reynolds number, the streamline patterns are not affected greatly as the natural convection is promoted, however the temperature gradients near the surface are markedly enhanced. It is noticed that as natural convection effects are promoted, the greater portion of the sphere's surface experiences enhanced heat transfer rates. Given a Rayleigh number, the contours of the azimuthal velocity exhibit a nearly vertical equally-spaced pattern suggesting that solid-body rotation for high rotational Reynolds numbers. However, as the natural convection effects are enhanced, the contours become more slanted. The variation of the mean Nusselt number with the Reynolds and Rayleigh numbers is also quantified.

Khodadadi, J.M.; Li, W.; Shi, X.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Division of Astronomy and Space Physics MHD Theory of Rotating Tokamak Plasmas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Division of Astronomy and Space Physics MHD Theory of Rotating Tokamak Plasmas in collaboration stability theory of rotating tokamak plasmas. The research is a part of the Swedish and European research rotation and rotation shear on various MHD modes in tokamak plasmas [3, 4, 5] Fig. 3: Stabilization

326

Conformational statistics of poly(dimethylsiloxane). 1. Probability distribution of rotational isomers from molecular dynamics simulations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Conformational statistics of poly(dimethylsiloxane). 1. Probability distribution of rotational isomers from molecular dynamics simulations ...

Ivet Bahar; Ignacio Zuniga; Robert Dodge; Wayne L. Mattice

1991-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Rotational viscometer for high-pressure, high-temperature fluids  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The invention is a novel rotational viscometer which is well adapted for use with fluids at high temperatures and/or pressures. In one embodiment, the viscometer include a substantially non-magnetic tube having a closed end and having an open end in communication with a fluid whose viscosity is to be determined. An annular drive magnet is mounted for rotation about the tube. The tube encompasses and supports a rotatable shaft assembly which carries a rotor, or bob, for insertion in the fluid. Affixed to the shaft are (a) a second magnet which is magnetically coupled to the drive magnet and (b) a third magnet. In a typical operation, the drive magnet is rotated to turn the shaft assembly while the shaft rotor is immersed in the fluid. The viscous drag on the rotor causes the shaft assembly to lag the rotation of the drive magnet by an amount which is a function of the amount of viscous drag. A first magnetic pickup generates a waveform whose phase is a function of the angular position of the drive magnet. A second magnetic pickup generates a waveform whose phase is a function of the angular position of the third magnet. Means are provided to generate an output indicative of the phase difference between the two waveforms. The viscometer is comparatively simple, inexpensive, rugged, and does not require shaft seals.

Carr, K.R.

1983-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

328

ANALYTICAL CALCULATION OF STOKES PROFILES OF ROTATING STELLAR MAGNETIC DIPOLE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The observation of the polarization emerging from a rotating star at different phases opens up the possibility to map the magnetic field in the stellar surface thanks to the well-known Zeeman-Doppler imaging. When the magnetic field is sufficiently weak, the circular and linear polarization profiles locally in each point of the star are proportional to the first and second derivatives of the unperturbed intensity profile, respectively. We show that the weak-field approximation (for weak lines in the case of linear polarization) can be generalized to the case of a rotating star including the Doppler effect and taking into account the integration on the stellar surface. The Stokes profiles are written as a linear combination of wavelength-dependent terms expressed as series expansions in terms of Hermite polynomials. These terms contain the surface-integrated magnetic field and velocity components. The direct numerical evaluation of these quantities is limited to rotation velocities not larger than eight times the Doppler width of the local absorption profiles. Additionally, we demonstrate that in a rotating star, the circular polarization flux depends on the derivative of the intensity flux with respect to the wavelength and also on the profile itself. Likewise, the linear polarization depends on the profile and on its first and second derivatives with respect to the wavelength. We particularize the general expressions to a rotating dipole.

Martinez Gonzalez, M. J. [Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias, Via Lactea s/n, 38200 La Laguna, Tenerife (Spain); Asensio Ramos, A. [Departamento de Astrofisica, Universidad de La Laguna, E-38205 La Laguna, Tenerife (Spain)

2012-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

329

Proto-Neutron Star Winds with Magnetic Fields and Rotation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We solve the 1D neutrino-heated non-relativistic MHD wind problem for conditions that range from slowly rotating (spin period P > 10 ms) protoneutron stars (PNSs) with surface field strengths typical of radio pulsars (B winds are relativistic. We then quantify the effects of rotation and magnetic fields on the mass loss, energy loss, and r-process nucleosynthesis in PNS winds. We describe the evolution of PNS winds through the Kelvin-Helmholtz cooling epoch, emphasizing the transition between (1) thermal neutrino-driven, (2) non-relativistic magnetically-dominated, and (3) relativistic magnetically-dominated outflows. We find that proto-magnetars with P ~ 1 ms and B > 10^15 G drive relativistic winds with luminosities, energies, and Lorentz factors (magnetization sigma ~ 0.1-1000) consistent with those required to produce long duration gamma-ray bursts and hyper-energetic supernovae (SNe). A significant fraction of the rotational energy may be extracted in only a few seconds, sufficiently rapidly to alter the asymptotic energy of the SN remnant, its morphology, and, potentially, its nucleosynthetic yield. Winds from PNSs with more modest rotation periods (2 - 10 ms) and with magnetar-strength fields produce conditions significantly more favorable for the r-process than winds from slowly rotating PNSs. Lastly, we show that energy and momentum deposition by convectively-excited waves further increase the likelihood of successful r-process in PNS winds.

Brian D. Metzger; Todd A. Thompson; Eliot Quataert

2006-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

330

Heart-shaped nuclei: Condensation of rotational-aligned octupole phonons  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The strong octupole correlations in the mass region A{approx_equal}226 are interpreted as rotation-induced condensation of octupole phonons having their angular momentum aligned with the rotational axis. Discrete phonon energy and parity conservation generate oscillations of the energy difference between the lowest rotational bands with positive and negative parity. Anharmonicities tend to synchronize the rotation of the condensate and the quadrupole shape of the nucleus forming a rotating heart shape.

Frauendorf, S. [ISP, Forschungszentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, Dresden, Germany (Germany); Department of Physics, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana 46556 (United States)

2008-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

331

michalsky-99.PDF  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Column Water Vapor Retrievals Based on Rotating Column Water Vapor Retrievals Based on Rotating Shadowband Spectroradiometer (RSS) Direct Solar Irradiance Measurements J. J. Michalsky, Q.-L. Min, and P. W. Kiedron State University of New York Albany, New York D. W. Slater and J. C. Barnard Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, Washington Abstract Several investigators have retrieved column water vapor using sunphotometry through the 940-nm water vapor absorption band. In this paper, we retrieve water vapor using an approach that removes the requirement of an accurate understanding of the absolute response of the instrument, but, instead, relies on relative responses within the 940-nm absorption band and just outside the band in the continuum. We perform these retrievals for the Rotating Shadowband Spectroradiometer (RSS) on a wet, clear day, and a dry, clear day during the 1997 Water

332

Microscopic Description of Nuclear Collective Rotation by Means of the Self-Consistent Collective Coordinate Method: Occurrence Mechanism of Collective Rotation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Ibaraki 305 *) Institute for Nuclear Study, University of Tokyo...minimum as the origin of the nuclear collective rotation, the self-consistent...Expansion of the Rotational Energy Jun Terasaki Progress of Theoretical...Microscopic Description of Nuclear Collective Rotation in Band-Crossing......

Jun Terasaki; Toshio Marumori; Fumihiko Sakata

1991-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Research Highlights Sorted by Research Area  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Research Area Research Area Radiation Processes | Cloud Distributions/Characterizations | Surface Properties | General Circulation and Single Column Models/Parameterizations | Aerosol Properties | Atmospheric Thermodynamics and Vertical Structures | Clouds with Low Optical [Water] Depths (CLOWD) | Vertical Velocity | Broadband Heating Rate Profile (BBHRP) | Cloud-Aerosol-Precipitation Interactions | Cloud Processes | Aerosol Processes Radiation Processes Alexandrov, M. D. Optical Depth Measurements by Shadowband Radiometers and Their Uncertainties ARM Berg, L. Surface Summertime Radiative Forcing by Shallow Cumuli at the ARM SGP ARM Bergmann, D. The Influence of Regional Anthropogenic Emission Reductions on Aerosol Direct Radiative Forcing ASR Bhattacharya, A. Burning on the Prairies ARM

334

The Nuclear Born Oppenheimer Method and Nuclear Rotations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We deal here with the application of the Nuclear Born Oppenheimer (NBO) method to the description of nuclear rotations. As an edifying illustration, we apply the NBO formalism to study the rotational motion of nuclei which are axially-symmetric and even, but whose shells are not closed. We focus, in particular, on the derivation of expressions for the rotational energy and for the moment of inertia. Additionally, we examine the connection between the NBO method and the self-consistent cranking (SCC) model. Finally, we compare the moment of inertia generated by the NBO method with the Thouless-Valantin formula and hence establish a connection between the NBO method and the large body of experimental data.

Nouredine Zettili

2009-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

335

Ultra high vacuum heating and rotating specimen stage  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A heating and rotating specimen stage provides for simultaneous specimen heating and rotating. The stage is ideally suited for operation in ultrahigh vacuum (1.times.10.sup.-9 torr or less), but is useful at atmosphere and in pressurized systems as well. A specimen is placed on a specimen holder that is attached to a heater that, in turn, is attached to a top housing. The top housing is rotated relative to a bottom housing and electrically connected thereto by electrically conductive brushes. This stage is made of materials that are compatible with UHV, able to withstand high temperatures, possess low outgassing rates, are gall and seize resistant, and are able to carry substantial electrical loading without overheating.

Coombs, III, Arthur W. (Patterson, CA)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Ultra high vacuum heating and rotating specimen stage  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A heating and rotating specimen stage provides for simultaneous specimen heating and rotating. The stage is ideally suited for operation in ultrahigh vacuum (1{times}10{sup {minus}9} torr or less), but is useful at atmosphere and in pressurized systems as well. A specimen is placed on a specimen holder that is attached to a heater that, in turn, is attached to a top housing. The top housing is rotated relative to a bottom housing and electrically connected thereto by electrically conductive brushes. This stage is made of materials that are compatible with UHV, able to withstand high temperatures, possess low outgassing rates, are gall and seize resistant, and are able to carry substantial electrical loading without overheating. 5 figs.

Coombs, A.W. III

1995-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

337

Rapidly rotating neutron stars in $R$-squared gravity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

$f(R)$ theories of gravity are one of the most popular alternative explanations for dark energy and therefore studying the possible astrophysical implications of these theories is an important task. In the present paper we make a substantial advance in this direction by considering rapidly rotating neutron stars in $R^2$ gravity. The results are obtained numerically and the method we use is non-perturbative and self-consistent. The neutron star properties, such as mass, radius and moment of inertia, are studied in detail and the results show that rotation magnifies the deviations from general relativity and the maximum mass and moment of inertia can reach very high values. This observation is similar to previous studies of rapidly rotating neutron stars in other alternative theories of gravity, such as the scalar-tensor theories, and it can potentially lead to strong astrophysical manifestations.

Yazadjiev, Stoytcho S; Kokkotas, Kostas D

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Temporal Variability of Aerosol Properties during TCAP: Impact on Radiative Forcing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ground-based remote sensing and in situ observations of aerosol microphysical and optical properties have been collected during summertime (June-August, 2012) as part of the Two-Column Aerosol Project (TCAP; http://campaign.arm.gov/tcap/), which was supported by the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program (http://www.arm.gov/). The overall goal of the TCAP field campaign is to study the evolution of optical and microphysical properties of atmospheric aerosol transported from North America to the Atlantic and their impact on the radiation energy budget. During TCAP, the ground-based ARM Mobile Facility (AMF) was deployed on Cape Cod, an arm-shaped peninsula situated on the easternmost portion of Massachusetts (along the east coast of the United States) and that is generally downwind of large metropolitan areas. The AMF site was equipped with numerous instruments for sampling aerosol, cloud and radiative properties, including a Multi-Filter Rotating Shadowband Radiometer (MFRSR), a Scanning Mobility Particle Sizer (SMPS), an Aerodynamic Particle Sizer (APS), and a three-wavelength nephelometer. In this study we present an analysis of diurnal and day-to-day variability of the column and near-surface aerosol properties obtained from remote sensing (MFRSR data) and ground-based in situ measurements (SMPS, APS, and nephelometer data). In particular, we show that the observed diurnal variability of the MFRSR aerosol optical depth is strong and comparable with that obtained previously from the AERONET climatology in Mexico City, which has a larger aerosol loading. Moreover, we illustrate how the variability of aerosol properties impacts the direct aerosol radiative forcing at different time scales.

Kassianov, Evgueni I.; Barnard, James C.; Pekour, Mikhail S.; Berg, Larry K.; Fast, Jerome D.; Michalsky, Joseph J.; Lantz, K.; Hodges, G. B.

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Retrieval of Areal-averaged Spectral Surface Albedo from Transmission Data Alone: Computationally Simple and Fast Approach  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We introduce and evaluate a simple retrieval of areal-averaged surface albedo using ground-based measurements of atmospheric transmission alone at five wavelengths (415, 500, 615, 673 and 870nm), under fully overcast conditions. Our retrieval is based on a one-line semi-analytical equation and widely accepted assumptions regarding the weak spectral dependence of cloud optical properties, such as cloud optical depth and asymmetry parameter, in the visible and near-infrared spectral range. To illustrate the performance of our retrieval, we use as input measurements of spectral atmospheric transmission from Multi-Filter Rotating Shadowband Radiometer (MFRSR). These MFRSR data are collected at two well-established continental sites in the United States supported by the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). The areal-averaged albedos obtained from the MFRSR are compared with collocated and coincident Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) white-sky albedo. In particular, these comparisons are made at four MFRSR wavelengths (500, 615, 673 and 870nm) and for four seasons (winter, spring, summer and fall) at the ARM site using multi-year (2008-2013) MFRSR and MODIS data. Good agreement, on average, for these wavelengths results in small values (?0.01) of the corresponding root mean square errors (RMSEs) for these two sites. The obtained RMSEs are comparable with those obtained previously for the shortwave albedos (MODIS-derived versus tower-measured) for these sites during growing seasons. We also demonstrate good agreement between tower-based daily-averaged surface albedos measured for “nearby” overcast and non-overcast days. Thus, our retrieval originally developed for overcast conditions likely can be extended for non-overcast days by interpolating between overcast retrievals.

Kassianov, Evgueni I.; Barnard, James C.; Flynn, Connor J.; Riihimaki, Laura D.; Michalsky, Joseph; Hodges, G. B.

2014-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

340

Graphene Monolayer Rotation on Ni(111) Facilities Bilayer Graphene Growth  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Synthesis of bilayer graphene by chemical vapor deposition is of importance for graphene-based field effect devices. Here, we demonstrate that bilayer graphene preferentially grows by carbon-segregation under graphene sheets that are rotated relative to a Ni(111) substrate. Rotated graphene monolayer films can be synthesized at growth temperatures above 650 C on a Ni(111) thin-film. The segregated second graphene layer is in registry with the Ni(111) substrate and this suppresses further C-segregation, effectively self-limiting graphene formation to two layers.

Batzill M.; Sutter P.; Dahal, A.; Addou, R.

2012-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotating shadowband radiometers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Magnetorotational Instability in a Rotating Liquid Metal Annulus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Although the magnetorotational instability (MRI) has been widely accepted as a powerful accretion mechanism in magnetized accretion disks, it has not been realized in the laboratory. The possibility of studying MRI in a rotating liquid-metal annulus (Couette flow) is explored by local and global stability analysis and magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) simulations. Stability diagrams are drawn in dimensionless parameters, and also in terms of the angular velocities at the inner and outer cylinders. It is shown that MRI can be triggered in a moderately rapidly rotating table-top apparatus, using easy-to-handle metals such as gallium. Practical issues of this proposed experiment are discussed.

Ji, H; Kageyama, A; Ji, Hantao; Goodman, Jeremy; Kageyama, Akira

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Magnetorotational Instability in a Rotating Liquid Metal Annulus  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Although the magnetorotational instability (MRI) has been widely accepted as a powerful accretion mechanism in magnetized accretion disks, it has not been realized in the laboratory. The possibility of studying MRI in a rotating liquid-metal annulus (Couette flow) is explored by local and global stability analysis and magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) simulations. Stability diagrams are drawn in dimensionless parameters, and also in terms of the angular velocities at the inner and outer cylinders. It is shown that MRI can be triggered in a moderately rapidly rotating table-top apparatus, using easy-to-handle metals such as gallium. Practical issues of this proposed experiment are discussed.

Hantao Ji; Jeremy Goodman; Akira Kageyama

2001-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

343

Magnetorotational Instability in a Rotating Liquid Metal Annulus  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Although the magnetorotational instability (MRI) has been widely accepted as a powerful accretion mechanism in magnetized accretion disks, it has not been realized in the laboratory. The possibility of studying MRI in a rotating liquid-metal annulus (Couette flow) is explored by local and global stability analysis and magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) simulations. Stability diagrams are drawn in dimensionless parameters, and also in terms of the angular velocities at the inner and outer cylinders. It is shown that MRI can be triggered in a moderately rapidly rotating table-top apparatus, using easy-to-handle metals such as gallium. Practical issues of this proposed experiment are discussed.

Hantao Ji; Jeremy Goodman; Akira Kageyama

2001-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

344

Scalar emission in a rotating Gödel black hole  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the absorption probability and Hawking radiation of the scalar field in the rotating G\\"{o}del black hole in minimal five-dimensional gauged supergravity. We find that G\\"{o}del parameter $j$ imprints in the greybody factor and Hawking radiation. It plays a different role from the angular momentum of the black hole in the Hawking radiation and super-radiance. These information can help us know more about rotating G\\"{o}del black holes in minimal five-dimensional gauged supergravity.

Songbai Chen; Bin Wang; Jiliang Jing

2008-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

345

Revisiting galactic rotation curves given a noncommutative-geometry background  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

It was shown earlier by Rahaman et al. that a noncommutative-geometry background can account for galactic rotation curves without the need for dark matter. The smearing effect that characterizes noncommutative geometry is described by means of a Gaussian distribution intended to replace the Dirac delta function. The purpose of this paper is two-fold: (1) to account for the galactic rotation curves in a more transparent and intuitively more appealing way by replacing the Gaussian function by the simpler Lorentzian distribution proposed by Nozari and Mehdipour and (2) to show that the smearing effect is both a necessary and sufficient condition for meeting the stability criterion.

Kuhfittig, Peter K F

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Hawking temperature of rotating charged black strings from tunneling  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Thermal radiations from spherically symmetric black holes have been studied from the point of view of quantum tunneling. In this paper we extend this approach to study radiation of fermions from charged and rotating black strings. Using WKB approximation and Hamilton-Jacobi method we work out the tunneling probabilities of incoming and outgoing fermions and find the correct Hawking temperature for these objects. We show that in appropriate limits the results reduce to those for the uncharged and non-rotating black strings.

Ahmed, Jamil; Saifullah, K., E-mail: jamil_051@yahoo.com, E-mail: saifullah@qau.edu.pk [Department of Mathematics, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad (Pakistan)

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Multi-Touch Rotation Gestures: Performance and Ergonomics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Multi-Touch Rotation Gestures: Performance and Ergonomics Eve Hoggan1 , John Williamson2 , Antti multi-touch gestures, yet little is known about the fac- tors affecting performance and ergonomics; gestures; ergonomics. ACM Classification Keywords H.5.2. User Interfaces: Evaluation/Methodology, Input De

348

Rotational and divergent kinetic energy in the mesoscale model ALADIN  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rotational and divergent kinetic energy in the mesoscale model ALADIN By V. BLAZ ICA1 *, N. Z AGAR1 received 7 June 2012; in final form 7 March 2013) ABSTRACT Kinetic energy spectra from the mesoscale. It is shown that about 50% of kinetic energy in the free troposphere in ALADIN is divergent energy

Zagar, Nedjeljka

349

Rotating Target Development for SNS Second Target Station  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A rotating target for the second target station (STS) at SNS has been identified as an option along with a mercury target. Evaluation of the rotating target alternative for STS has started at 1.5 MW which is considered an upper bound for the power. Previous preconceptual design work for a 3 MW rotating target is being modified for the lower power level. Transient thermal analysis for a total loss of active water cooling has been done for a simplified 2D model of the target and shielding monolith which shows that peak temperatures are well below the level at which tungsten vaporization by steam could exceed site boundary dose limits. Design analysis and integration configuration studies have been done for the target-moderator-reflector assembly which maximizes the number of neutron beam lines and provides for replacement of the target and moderators. Target building hot cell arrangement for this option will be described. An option for operation in rough vacuum without a proton beam window using Ferro fluid seals on a vertical shaft is being developed. A full scale prototypic drive module based on the 3 MW preconceptual design has been fabricated and successfully tested with a shaft and mock up target supplied by the ESS-Bilbao team. Overall planning leading to decision between mercury and the rotating target in 2011 will be discussed

McManamy, Thomas J [ORNL; Rennich, Mark J [ORNL; Crawford, Roy K [ORNL; Geoghegan, Patrick J [ORNL; Janney, Jim G [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

ANALYTICAL PARAMETRIC CYCLE ANALYSIS OF CONTINUOUS ROTATING DETONATION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ANALYTICAL PARAMETRIC CYCLE ANALYSIS OF CONTINUOUS ROTATING DETONATION EJECTOR-AUGMENTED ROCKET. Donald Wilson for showing me how interesting the topic of continuous detonation is for the application to thank Eric Braun for providing some insights and advice on the physics of continuous detonation. His

Texas at Arlington, University of

351

A Lattice Boltzmann Model for Rotationally Invariant Dithering  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Lattice Boltzmann Model for Rotationally Invariant Dithering Kai Hagenburg, Michael BreuÃ?, Oliver is based on the lattice Boltzmann method, a well-established and powerful concept known from compu differential equation. In contrast to widely- used error diffusion methods our lattice Boltzmann model

352

Turbulent convection in liquid metal with and without rotation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is the efficiency of convective heat transfer (Nu). In general, we find that the convective behavior of liquid metal=ðkT�, where q is total heat flux and k is the fluid's thermal conductivity. Heat flux q is total heat power P by turbulent, rotating convection in liquid metal. Liquid metals are peculiar in that they diffuse heat more

353

RECURSIVELY RENEWABLE WORDS AND CODING OF IRRATIONAL ROTATIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RECURSIVELY RENEWABLE WORDS AND CODING OF IRRATIONAL ROTATIONS SHIGEKI AKIYAMA AND MASAYUKI us come back to a general A = {0, 1, . . . , m - 1}. An element z = z0z1 · · · AN is k-renewable is called recursively k-renewable. To be more precise, z = z0z1 . . . is recursively k- renewable when

Akiyama, Shigeki

354

Computation of rotational energy levels of rigid asymmetric top molecules  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Computation of rotational energy levels of rigid asymmetric...Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina * This work has been...Technical Investigations of Argentina. Department of Physics...University of Buenos Aires, Argentina. A computational method...obtaining the reduced energy values of rigid asymmetric......

A. Rachman

1965-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

The solar interior - radial structure, rotation, solar activity cycle  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Some basic properties of the solar convection zone are considered and the use of helioseismology as an observational tool to determine its depth and internal angular velocity is discussed. Aspects of solar magnetism are described and explained in the framework of dynamo theory. The main focus is on mean field theories for the Sun's magnetic field and its differential rotation.

Axel Brandenburg

2007-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

356

Solar differential rotation and properties of magnetic clouds  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The most geoeffective solar drivers are magnetic clouds - a subclass of coronal mass ejections (CME's) distinguished by the smooth rotation of the magnetic field inside the structure. The portion of CME's that are magnetic clouds is maximum at sunspot minimum and mimimum at sunspot maximum. This portion is determined by the amount of helicity carried away by CME's which in turn depends on the amount of helicity transferred from the solar interior to the surface, and on the surface differential rotation. The latter can increase or reduce, or even reverse the twist of emerging magnetic flux tubes, thus increasing or reducing the helicity in the corona, or leading to the violation of the hemispheric helicity rule, respectively. We investigate the CME's associated with the major geomagnetic storms in the last solar cycle whose solar sources have been identified, and find that in 10 out of 12 cases of violation of the hemispheric helicity rule or of highly geoeffective CME's with no magnetic field rotation, they originate from regions with "anti-solar" type of surface differential rotation.

K. Georgieva; B. Kirov; E. Gavruseva; J. Javaraiah

2005-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

357

Dual periodicities in the rotational modulation of Saturn narrowband emissions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dual periodicities in the rotational modulation of Saturn narrowband emissions S.Y. Ye,1 D. A emissions is examined, restricting the spacecraft location to either the northern or the southern hemisphere of Saturn. It is found that in both hemispheres, the modulation period of 5 kHz narrowband emissions has two

Gurnett, Donald A.

358

Pyridine-CF4: A Molecule with a Rotating Cap  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Figure 1. 14N quadrupolar hyperfine structure of the 909–808 transition of PY-CF4. ... Orientation of the water moiety in CF4-H2O ... The rotational spectrum of CF4-H217O was investigated by pulsed jet Fourier transform microwave spectroscopy. ...

Assimo Maris; Laura B. Favero; Biagio Velino; Walther Caminati

2013-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

359

Complex dynamics in a short annular container with rotating bottom ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We believe that these phenomena are novel in fluid dynamics, as is a ... outer radius Ro and length L, driven by the constant rotation of the inner cylinder and bottom .... Poisson-like equations are solved using the spectral–Galerkin method presented in ... is a multiplicity of states over a small range of ? ? (2.8635, 2.

2004-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

360

Energy and Momentum of a Class of Rotating Gravitational Waves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We calculate energy and momentum for a class of cylindrical rotating gravitational waves using Einstein and Papapetrou's prescriptions. It is shown that the results obtained are reduced to the special case of the cylindrical gravitational waves already available in the literature.

M. Sharif

2001-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotating shadowband radiometers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Rotation-reversal symmetries in crystals and handed structures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

: List of roto point groups indicated in Figure 2b that are invariance groups of a net (non-zero) spin (S of roto point groups indicated in Figure 2b that are invariance groups of non-zero (net) spin (S), non-zero (net) electric polarization (P), non-zero (net) static rotation (), and combinations thereof. Net Spin

Gopalan, Venkatraman

362

A rotating suspended liquid film as an electric generator  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We have observed that a rotating liquid film generates electricity when a large external electric field is applied in the plane of the film. In our experiment suspended liquid film (soap film) is formed on a circular frame positioned horizontally on a rotating motor. This devise is located at the center of two capacitor-like vertical plates to apply external electric field in X-direction.The produced electric energy is piked up by two brushes in Y-direction of the suspended liquid film. We previously reported that a liquid film in an external electric field rotates when an electric current passes through it, naming it the liquid film motor (LFM). In this letter we report that the same system can be used as an electric generator, converting the rotating mechanical energy to an electric energy. The liquid film electric generator (LFEG) is in stark contrast to the LFM, both of which could be designed in very small scales like micro scales applicable in lab on a chip. The device is comparable to commercial DC ele...

Amjadi, Ahmad; Namin, Reza Montazeri

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Evaluating ecosystem processes in willow short rotation coppice bioenergy plantations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Evaluating ecosystem processes in willow short rotation coppice bioenergy plantations R E B E C C body of research linking bioenergy cultivation to changing patterns of biodiversity, there has been remarkably little interest in how bioenergy plantations affect key ecosystem processes underpinning impor

364

Muon-spin-rotation studies of organic magnets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...organized by P. Day and A. E. Underhill Muon-spin-rotation studies of organic magnets...Laboratory, Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PU, UK A muon is an unstable spin- particle with a lifetime...s. Beams of spin-polarized positive muons can be prepared at accelerator facilities...

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Turbulent flow between counter-rotating concentric cylinders: a ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We report three-dimensional direct numerical simulations of the turbulent flow ... Comparisons between the standard Taylor–Couette system (rotating inner cylinder, .... 2004) and implemented using the message passing interface (MPI). ..... (negative peak), ZC0, provides a measure for the characteristic size of the near-wall.

S. DONG

2008-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

366

ROTATION OF WHITE LIGHT CME STRUCTURES AS INFERRED FROM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

field, and it could shed light on the problems related to connecting solar surface phenomenaROTATION OF WHITE LIGHT CME STRUCTURES AS INFERRED FROM LASCO CORONAGRAPH Vasyl Yurchyshyn Big Bear Solar Observatory 40386 North Shore Lane, Big Bear City, CA 92314 Valentyna Abramenko Big Bear Solar

367

Inverse scattering for rotationally scanned optical coherence tomography  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Inverse scattering for rotationally scanned optical coherence tomography Daniel L. Marks, Tyler S May 16, 2006; posted May 26, 2006 (Doc. ID 67358) Optical coherence tomography of luminal structures coherence tomography1,2 (OCT), is determined in large part by the degree to which the images provide

Bhargava, Rohit

368

Vibration-Rotation Bands of Allene-1. 1-d$_{2}$  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

24 February 1959 research-article Vibration-Rotation Bands of Allene-1. 1-d...the perpendicular bands to particular vibrations, some characteristic details of their...Coriolis interaction between B and B class vibrations, and the results are in general accord...

1959-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

IR Vibration-Rotation Spectra of the Ammonia Molecule  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The IR spectrum of the ammonia inversion vibration-rotation normal mode is obtained using Fourier Transform IR Spectroscopy and analyzed using Maple, to easily obatin the relation between the N-H bond length and the H-N-H bond angle. As expected, the ...

Carl W. David

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

CONVERVATION OF ANGULAR MOMENTUM A rotating bicycle wheel has angular  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CONVERVATION OF ANGULAR MOMENTUM A rotating bicycle wheel has angular momentum, which is a property of a bicycle wheel's mass is concentrated along the wheel's rim, rather than at the center, and this causes. The bicycle wheel, you, and the chair comprise a system that obeys the principle of conservation of angular

371

Vibrational modes of a rotating string Theodore J. Allen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

find the small amplitude oscillatory motions and frequencies of oscillation of the string and mass. WeVibrational modes of a rotating string Theodore J. Allen Department of Physics, University Motivated by non-relativistic models of a QCD string, we examine the system of a non-relativistic string

Allen, Theodore J.

372

Vibrational modes of a rotating string Theodore J. Allen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

find the small amplitude oscillatory motions and frequencies of oscillation of the string and mass. WeVibrational modes of a rotating string Theodore J. Allen Department of Physics, University Motivated by non­relativistic models of a QCD string, we examine the system of a non­relativistic string

Allen, Theodore J.

373

Rotation Drive and Momentum Transport with Electron Cyclotron Heating in Tokamak Plasmas  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The role of electron cyclotron resonance heating (ECRH) on the toroidal rotation velocity profile has been investigated in the JT-60U tokamak device by separating the effects of the change in momentum transport, the intrinsic rotation by pressure gradient, and the intrinsic rotation by ECRH. It is found that ECRH increases the toroidal momentum diffusivity and the convection velocity. It is also found that ECRH drives the codirection (co) intrinsic rotation inside the EC deposition radius and the counterdirection (ctr) intrinsic rotation outside the EC deposition radius. This ctr rotation starts from the EC deposition radius and propagates to the edge region.

Yoshida, M.; Sakamoto, Y.; Takenaga, H.; Ide, S.; Oyama, N.; Kobayashi, T.; Kamada, Y. [Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Naka, Ibaraki-ken, 311-0193 (Japan)

2009-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

374

Rotation Drive and Momentum Transport with Electron Cyclotron Heating in Tokamak Plasmas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The role of electron cyclotron resonance heating (ECRH) on the toroidal rotation velocity profile has been investigated in the JT-60U tokamak device by separating the effects of the change in momentum transport, the intrinsic rotation by pressure gradient, and the intrinsic rotation by ECRH. It is found that ECRH increases the toroidal momentum diffusivity and the convection velocity. It is also found that ECRH drives the codirection (co) intrinsic rotation inside the EC deposition radius and the counterdirection (ctr) intrinsic rotation outside the EC deposition radius. This ctr rotation starts from the EC deposition radius and propagates to the edge region.

M. Yoshida; Y. Sakamoto; H. Takenaga; S. Ide; N. Oyama; T. Kobayashi; Y. Kamada (the JT-60 Team)

2009-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

375

Fermi coordinates and modified Franklin transformation : A comparative study on rotational phenomena  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Applying a relativistic rotational transformation to study and analyze rotational phenomena, instead of the rotational transformations based on consecutive Lorentz transformations and Fermi coordinates, leads to different predictions. In this article after a comparative study between Fermi metric of a uniformly rotating observer and the spacetime metric in a rotating frame obtained through the modified Franklin transformation, we consider rotational phenomena including transverse Doppler effect and Sagnac effect in both formalisms and compare their predictions. We also discuss length measurements in the two formalisms.

M. Nouri-Zonoz; H. Ramezani-Aval

2014-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

376

Fermi coordinates and modified Franklin transformation : A comparative study on rotational phenomena  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Applying a relativistic rotational transformation to study and analyze rotational phenomena, instead of the rotational transformations based on consecutive Lorentz transformations and Fermi coordinates, leads to different predictions. In this article after a comparative study between Fermi metric of a uniformly rotating observer and the spacetime metric in a rotating frame obtained through the modified Franklin transformation, we consider rotational phenomena including transverse Doppler effect and Sagnac effect in both formalisms and compare their predictions. We also discuss length measurements in the two formalisms.

Nouri-Zonoz, M

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Rotating Detonation Wave Propulsion: Experimental Challenges, Modeling, and Engine Concepts (Invited)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rotating Detonation Wave Propulsion: Experimental Challenges, Modeling, and Engine Concepts, Arlington, Texas, 76019 Rotating detonation engines (RDEs), also known as continuous detonation engines of energy conversion that may be even more superior than pulse detonation engines, themselves the subject

Texas at Arlington, University of

378

Brownian motion studies of viscoelastic colloidal gels by rotational single particle tracking  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The method of rotational X-ray tracking is used to probe the microradian rotational motion of individual crystalline colloids in a colloidal gel to determine the viscous and elastic properties.

Liang, M.

2014-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

379

Optimization of NH3 Decomposition by Control of Discharge Mode in a Rotating Arc  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this study, the characteristic behavior of a rotating arc was investigated. Various modes, depending on the electric power supplied, can be observed in a rotating arc. Each mode produces different discharge ch...

Dae Hoon Lee; Kwan-Tae Kim; Hee Seok Kang…

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

The application of eccentric rotating cylinder apparatus for the improved study of particle coagulation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Concentric rotating cylinder and turbulent mixing devices have been frequently used in studying mixing and particle coagulation. However, these apparatus develop simple laminar flow (concentric rotating cylinders) or do not have well-defined flow...

Lee, Chun Woo

2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotating shadowband radiometers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

A Multi-State Single-Molecule Switch Actuated by Rotation of...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Multi-State Single-Molecule Switch Actuated by Rotation of an Encapsulated Cluster within a Fullerene Cage. A Multi-State Single-Molecule Switch Actuated by Rotation of an...

382

ARM - Publications: Science Team Meeting Documents  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

The Solar Spectrum 360 to 1050 nm from Rotating Shadowband The Solar Spectrum 360 to 1050 nm from Rotating Shadowband Spectroradiometer (RSS) Measurements at the Southern Great Plains Site Harrison, L.C., Berndt, J.L., Kiedron, P.W., Michalsky, J.J., Min, Q., and Schlemmer, J., Atmospheric Sciences Research Center, State University of New York, Albany Eleventh Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Science Team Meeting Two years of Langley extrapolations made from the Southern Great Plains (SGP) site of the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program using two very different RSS instruments and a NIST-derived irradiance scale show larger extraterrrestrial solar irradiances in the 400 to 600 nm domain by as much as 4.5% compared to the Labs and Neckels [1968] data. Our results are more congruent with Thuiller et al. [1998] in this domain, but do not

383

Final Report for Grant DE-FG02-90ER61072  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This is the final report for the work done by our research group at the Atmospheric Sciences Research Center for the US DOE Atmopheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program. We were involved from the beginning of the ARM effort; we designed the Multi-filter Rotating Shadowband Spectroradiometer (MFRSR) which was widely deployed (and still operational in ARM) and through the years did a wide variety of data analysis on the returned data from these instruments. We also developed the Rotating Shadowband Spectroradiometer, which ARM deployed and also still deploys. Many scientific papers have been written using the data from these instruments, and the ongoing data streams remain part of the current ARM effort. Earlier reports contain our progress from previous grant periods, this report covers the last period and provides references to published work.

Lee Harrison

2006-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

384

Nonlinear stability of magnetic islands in a rotating helical plasma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Coexistence of the forced magnetic reconnection by a resonant magnetic perturbation (RMP) and the curvature-driven tearing mode is investigated in a helical (stellarator) plasma rotated by helical trapped particle-induced neoclassical flows. A set of Rutherford-type equations of rotating magnetic islands and a poloidal flow evolution equation is revisited. Using the model, analytical expressions of criteria of spontaneous shrinkage (self-healing) of magnetic islands and sudden growth of locked magnetic islands (penetration of RMP) are obtained, where nonlinear saturation states of islands show bifurcation structures and hysteresis characteristics. Considering radial profile of poloidal flows across magnetic islands, it is found that the self-healing is driven by neoclassical viscosity even in the absence of micro-turbulence-induced anomalous viscosity. Effects of unfavorable curvature in stellarators are found to modify the critical values. The scalings of criteria are consistent with low-{beta} experiments in the large helical device.

Nishimura, S.; Toda, S.; Narushima, Y. [National Institute for Fusion Science, Toki, Gifu 509-5292 (Japan); Yagi, M. [Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Rokkasho, Aomori 039-3212 (Japan)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

385

Prototype Spallation Neutron Source Rotating Target Assembly Final Test Report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A full-scale prototype of an extended vertical shaft, rotating target assembly based on a conceptual target design for a 1 to 3-MW spallation facility was built and tested. Key elements of the drive/coupling assembly implemented in the prototype include high integrity dynamic face seals, commercially available bearings, realistic manufacturing tolerances, effective monitoring and controls, and fail-safe shutdown features. A representative target disk suspended on a 3.5 meter prototypical shaft was coupled with the drive to complete the mechanical tests. Successful operation for 5400 hours confirmed the overall mechanical feasibility of the extended vertical shaft rotating target concept. The prototype system showed no indications of performance deterioration and the equipment did not require maintenance or relubrication.

McManamy, Thomas J [ORNL; Graves, Van [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Garmendia, Amaia Zarraoa [IDOM Bilbao; Sorda, Fernando [ESS Bilbao; Etxeita, Borja [IDOM Bilbao; Rennich, Mark J [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Electron beam machining using rotating and shaped beam power distribution  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An apparatus and method for electron beam (EB) machining (drilling, cutting and welding) that uses conventional EB guns, power supplies, and welding machine technology without the need for fast bias pulsing technology. The invention involves a magnetic lensing (EB optics) system and electronic controls to: 1) concurrently bend, focus, shape, scan, and rotate the beam to protect the EB gun and to create a desired effective power-density distribution, and 2) rotate or scan this shaped beam in a controlled way. The shaped beam power-density distribution can be measured using a tomographic imaging system. For example, the EB apparatus of this invention has the ability to drill holes in metal having a diameter up to 1000 .mu.m (1 mm or larger), compared to the 250 .mu.m diameter of laser drilling.

Elmer, John W. (Pleasanton, CA); O'Brien, Dennis W. (Livermore, CA)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Stabilization of ballooning modes with sheared toroidal rotation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new code demonstrates the stabilization of MHD ballooning modes by sheared toroidal rotation. A shifted-circle model is used to elucidate the physics and numerically reconstructed equilibria are used to analyze DIII-D discharges. In the ballooning representation, the modes shift periodically along the field line to the next point of unfavorable curvature. The shift frequency (d{Omega}/dq where {Omega} is the angular toroidal velocity and q is the safety factor) is proportional to the rotation shear and inversely proportional to the magnetic shear. Stability improves with increasing shift frequency and, in the shifted circle model, direct stable access to the second stability regime occurs when this frequency is a fraction of the Alfven frequency {omega}{sub A} = V{sub A}/qR. Shear stabilization is also demonstrated for an equilibrium reconstruction of a DIII-D VH-mode.

Miller, R.L.; Waelbroeck, F.W.; Lao, L.L.; Taylor, T.S.

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

ROTATION CURVES OF 967 SPIRAL GALAXIES: IMPLICATIONS FOR DARK MATTER.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present the rotation curves of 967 spiral galaxies, obtained by deprojecting and folding the raw data published by Mathewson et al. (1992). Of these, 80 meet objective excellence criteria and are suitable for individual detailed mass modelling, while 820 are suitable for statistical studies. A preliminary analysis of theire properties confirms that rotation curves are a universal function of luminosity and that the dark matter fraction in spirals increase with decreasing luminosity. Quantitative considerations on the virial radius of dark halos allow us to make hypotheses about their structure and nature. The deprojected folded curves, the smoothed curves, and various related quantities are available via anonymous ftp at ftp://galileo.sissa.it/users/ftp/pub/psrot

Massimo Persic; Paolo Salucci; Fulvio Stel

1995-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

389

Electron beam machining using rotating and shaped beam power distribution  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An apparatus and method are disclosed for electron beam (EB) machining (drilling, cutting and welding) that uses conventional EB guns, power supplies, and welding machine technology without the need for fast bias pulsing technology. The invention involves a magnetic lensing (EB optics) system and electronic controls to: (1) concurrently bend, focus, shape, scan, and rotate the beam to protect the EB gun and to create a desired effective power-density distribution, and (2) rotate or scan this shaped beam in a controlled way. The shaped beam power-density distribution can be measured using a tomographic imaging system. For example, the EB apparatus of this invention has the ability to drill holes in metal having a diameter up to 1,000 {micro}m (1 mm or larger), compared to the 250 {micro}m diameter of laser drilling. 5 figs.

Elmer, J.W.; O`Brien, D.W.

1996-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

390

Dual annular rotating "windowed" nuclear reflector reactor control system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A nuclear reactor control system is provided in a nuclear reactor having a core operating in the fast neutron energy spectrum where criticality control is achieved by neutron leakage. The control system includes dual annular, rotatable reflector rings. There are two reflector rings: an inner reflector ring and an outer reflector ring. The reflectors are concentrically assembled, surround the reactor core, and each reflector ring includes a plurality of openings. The openings in each ring are capable of being aligned or non-aligned with each other. Independent driving means for each of the annular reflector rings is provided so that reactor criticality can be initiated and controlled by rotation of either reflector ring such that the extent of alignment of the openings in each ring controls the reflection of neutrons from the core.

Jacox, Michael G. (Idaho Falls, ID); Drexler, Robert L. (Idaho Falls, ID); Hunt, Robert N. M. (Idaho Falls, ID); Lake, James A. (Idaho Falls, ID)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Cosmic Polarization Rotation: an Astrophysical Test of Fundamental Physics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Possible violations of fundamental physical principles, e.g. the Einstein Equivalence Principle on which all metric theories of gravity are based, including General Relativity, would lead to a rotation of the plane of polarization for linearly polarized radiation traveling over cosmological distances, the so-called cosmic polarization rotation (CPR). We review here the astrophysical tests which have been carried out so far to check if CPR exists. These are using the radio and UV polarization of radio galaxies and the polarization of the cosmic microwave background (both E-mode and B-mode). These tests so far have been negative, leading to upper limits of the order of one degree on any CPR angle, thereby increasing our confidence in those physical principles, including General Relativity. We also discuss future prospects in detecting CPR or improving the constraints on it.

Alighieri, Sperello di Serego

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

MAGNETIC FIELDS AND THE OUTER ROTATION CURVE OF M31  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Recent observations of the rotation curve of M31 show a rise of the outer part that cannot be understood in terms of standard dark matter models or perturbations of the galactic disk by M31's satellites. Here, we propose an explanation of this dynamical feature based on the influence of the magnetic field within the thin disk. We have considered standard mass models for the luminous mass distribution, a Navarro-Frenk-White model to describe the dark halo, and we have added up the contribution to the rotation curve of a magnetic field in the disk, which is described by an axisymmetric pattern. Our conclusion is that a significant improvement of the fit in the outer part is obtained when magnetic effects are considered. The best-fit solution requires an amplitude of {approx}4 {mu}G with a weak radial dependence between 10 and 38 kpc.

Ruiz-Granados, B.; Rubino-Martin, J. A. [Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias (IAC), E-38200, La Laguna, Tenerife (Spain); Florido, E.; Battaner, E. [Departamento Fisica Teorica y del Cosmos, Universidad de Granada, Granada (Spain)

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Boussinesq convection and motions of boundary spheres in a rotating spherical shell  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RIMS­1772 Boussinesq convection and motions of boundary spheres in a rotating spherical shell #12; Boussinesq convection and motions of boundary spheres in a rotating spherical shell Keiji Kimura; Abstract Boussinesq thermal convection in rotating spheres or spherical shells has been investigated

394

Boussinesq convection and motions of boundary spheres in a rotating spherical shell  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RIMS-1772 Boussinesq convection and motions of boundary spheres in a rotating spherical shell #12;Boussinesq convection and motions of boundary spheres in a rotating spherical shell Keiji Kimura Boussinesq thermal convection in rotating spheres or spherical shells has been investigated for over half

395

Determining angular frequency from images of rotating objects via a generalized fast Fourier transform  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In certain real-world applications, one needs to estimate the angular frequency of a spinning object. We consider the image processing problem of estimating this rate of rotation from a video of the object taken by a camera aligned with the axis of rotation. ... Keywords: Angular frequency, Fast fourier transform, Rate of rotation

Lindsay N. Smith; Matthew Fickus

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

The pure rotational spectrum of NaC in its X 4 state: Observation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

on metal carbides is now available from electronic spectro- scopy5­15 and more recently, from rotational rotational transitions were measured in the frequency range from 231 (N 98) to 539 GHz (N 2120). The quartet fine structure was partially resolved for each transition. The rotational transition frequencies were

Ziurys, Lucy M.

397

Turbulent Compressible Convection with Rotation - Penetration above a Convection Zone  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We perform Large eddy simulations of turbulent compressible convection in stellar-type convection zones by solving the Navi\\'{e}r-Stokes equations in three dimensions. We estimate the extent of penetration into the stable layer above a stellar-type convection zone by varying the rotation rate ({\\boldmath$\\rm\\Omega$}), the inclination of the rotation vector ($\\theta$) and the relative stability ($S$) of the upper stable layer. The computational domain is a rectangular box in an f-plane configuration and is divided into two regions of unstable and stable stratification with the stable layer placed above the convectively unstable layer. Several models have been computed and the penetration distance into the stable layer above the convection zone is estimated by determining the position where time averaged kinetic energy flux has the first zero in the upper stable layer. The vertical grid spacing in all the model is non-uniform, and is less in the upper region so that the flows are better resolved in the region of interest. We find that the penetration distance increases as the rotation rate increases for the case when the rotation vector is aligned with the vertical axis. However, with the increase in the stability of the upper stable layer, the upward penetration distance decreases. Since we are not able to afford computations with finer resolution for all the models, we compute a number of models to see the effect of increased resolution on the upward penetration. In addition, we estimate the upper limit on the upward convective penetration from stellar convective cores.

Partha S. Pal; Harinder P. Singh; Kwing L. Chan; M. P. Srivastava

2008-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

398

Rotational Transition of Incommensurate Kr Monolayers on Graphite  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Synchrotron x-ray diffraction studies of the orientational epitaxy of krypton on single-crystal graphite are reported. The system displays a continuous transition from an aligned to a rotated orientation with increasing mean misfit in a manner predicted by a hexagonal-domain-wall model of the weakly incommensurate phase. A hysteresis at the critical misfit is observed. The results are discussed in light of current views of the structure of the incommensurate phase.

K. L. D'Amico; D. E. Moncton; E. D. Specht; R. J. Birgeneau; S. E. Nagler; P. M. Horn

1984-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

399

Ladder operators for the rotating Morse oscillators: Matrix element calculations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We describe a simple method based on the hypervirial theorem along with a second-quantization formalism, which allows us to obtain recursion relations without using explicit wave functions for the calculation of matrix elements such as {exp[-a(r-re)]}n, (r-re)n, (r-re)nexp[-a(r-re)], and {exp[-a(r-re)]}n(d/dr) for the rotating Morse oscillator.

A. López Piñeiro and B. Moreno

1988-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Hydrogen Bonds, Water Rotation and Proton Mobility Liaisons Hydrog`ene, Rotation de l'eau et Mobilit'e du  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hydrogen Bonds, Water Rotation and Proton Mobility Liaisons Hydrog`ene, Rotation de l'eau et H 3 O + est presque immo­ bilis'e par des liaisons hydrog`ene extrâ??emement fortes. Ces derni liaisons hydrog`ene de l'eau pure. Dans l'eau en dessous de 20 0 C, la rotation des mol'ecules est plus

Agmon, Noam

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotating shadowband radiometers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Progress in theory of instabilities in a rotating plasma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A review is given of the basic results of modern theory of instabilities in a rotating plasma. Both axisymmetric and nonaxisymmetric perturbations are considered. Main attention is given to the magnetorotational instability (MRI), discovered earlier by Velikhov, and the rotational-convective instability (RCI) discussed in a number of papers of astrophysical trend. For qualitative explanation of the results, a local approach is used which, with equilibrium plasma pressure gradient and/or nonsymmetry of perturbations, requires operation with nonlocal azimuthal perturbed magnetic field. The gravity and effects of pressure anisotropy are taken into account. In addition to hydrodynamic, the electrodynamic approach is formulated. The drift effects are considered. Analyzed are the ideal instabilities and those depending on the dissipative effects: viscosity and heat conductivity. The MRI is considered at presence of the charged dust particles. Besides the local approach, the nonlocal approach is formulated for the plasma model with a steplike profile of angular rotation frequency. Alongside with perturbations which frequencies are small compared to the ion cyclotron frequency, the perturbations are analyzed with frequencies larger than the ion cyclotron frequency. The latter corresponds to the Hall regime and subregime of nonmagnetized plasma.

Mikhailovskii, A. B. [Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute, Institute of Nuclear Fusion (Russian Federation); Lominadze, J. G. [Kharadze Abastumani National Astrophysical Observatory (Georgia); Churikov, A. P. [Syzran Branch of Samara Technical University (Russian Federation); Pustovitov, V. D. [Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute, Institute of Nuclear Fusion (Russian Federation)

2009-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

402

Large-scale anisotropy in stably stratified rotating flows  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present results from direct numerical simulations of the Boussinesq equations in the presence of rotation and/or stratification, both in the vertical direction. The runs are forced isotropically and randomly at small scales and have spatial resolutions of up to $1024^3$ grid points and Reynolds numbers of $\\approx 1000$. We first show that solutions with negative energy flux and inverse cascades develop in rotating turbulence, whether or not stratification is present. However, the purely stratified case is characterized instead by an early-time, highly anisotropic transfer to large scales with almost zero net isotropic energy flux. This is consistent with previous studies that observed the development of vertically sheared horizontal winds, although only at substantially later times. However, and unlike previous works, when sufficient scale separation is allowed between the forcing scale and the domain size, the total energy displays a perpendicular (horizontal) spectrum with power law behavior compatible with $\\sim k_\\perp^{-5/3}$, including in the absence of rotation. In this latter purely stratified case, such a spectrum is the result of a direct cascade of the energy contained in the large-scale horizontal wind, as is evidenced by a strong positive flux of energy in the parallel direction at all scales including the largest resolved scales.

Marino, Dr. Raffaele [National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR); Mininni, Dr. Pablo D. [Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina; Rosenberg, Duane L [ORNL; Pouquet, Dr. Annick [National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Spin-rotation and NMR shielding constants in HCl  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The spin-rotation and nuclear magnetic shielding constants are analysed for both nuclei in the HCl molecule. Nonrelativistic ab initio calculations at the CCSD(T) level of approximation show that it is essential to include relativistic effects to obtain spin-rotation constants consistent with accurate experimental data. Our best estimates for the spin-rotation constants of {sup 1}H{sup 35}Cl are C{sub Cl}  = ?53.914 kHz and C{sub H}  = 42.672 kHz (for the lowest rovibrational level). For the chlorine shielding constant, the ab initio value computed including the relativistic corrections, ?(Cl) = 976.202 ppm, provides a new absolute shielding scale; for hydrogen we find ?(H) = 31.403 ppm (both at 300 K). Combining the theoretical results with our new gas-phase NMR experimental data allows us to improve the accuracy of the magnetic dipole moments of both chlorine isotopes. For the hydrogen shielding constant, including relativistic effects yields better agreement between experimental and computed values.

Jaszu?ski, Micha?, E-mail: michal.jaszunski@icho.edu.pl [Institute of Organic Chemistry, Polish Academy of Sciences, 01-224 Warszawa, Kasprzaka 44 (Poland)] [Institute of Organic Chemistry, Polish Academy of Sciences, 01-224 Warszawa, Kasprzaka 44 (Poland); Repisky, Michal; Demissie, Taye B.; Komorovsky, Stanislav; Malkin, Elena; Ruud, Kenneth [Centre for Theoretical and Computational Chemistry, University of Tromsø—The Arctic University of Norway, N-9037 Tromsø (Norway)] [Centre for Theoretical and Computational Chemistry, University of Tromsø—The Arctic University of Norway, N-9037 Tromsø (Norway); Garbacz, Piotr; Jackowski, Karol; Makulski, W?odzimierz [Laboratory of NMR Spectroscopy, Department of Chemistry, University of Warsaw, Pasteura 1, 02-093 Warsaw (Poland)] [Laboratory of NMR Spectroscopy, Department of Chemistry, University of Warsaw, Pasteura 1, 02-093 Warsaw (Poland)

2013-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

404

Stabilization of ballooning modes with sheared toroidal rotation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Stabilization of magnetohydrodynamic ballooning modes by sheared toroidal rotation is demonstrated using a shifted circle equilibrium model. A generalized ballooning mode representation is used to eliminate the fast Alfven wave, and an initial value code solves the resulting equations. The {ital s}{minus}{alpha} diagram (magnetic shear versus pressure gradient) of ballooning mode theory is extended to include rotational shear. In the ballooning representation, the modes shift periodically along the field line to the next point of unfavorable curvature. The shift frequency ({ital d}{Omega}/{ital dq}, where {Omega} is the angular toroidal velocity and {ital q} is the safety factor) is proportional to the rotation shear and inversely proportional to the magnetic shear. Stability improves with increasing shift frequency and direct stable access to the second stability regime occurs when this frequency is approximately one-quarter to one-half the Alfven frequency, {omega}{sub A}={ital V}{sub A}/{ital qR}. {copyright} {ital 1995} {ital American} {ital Institute} {ital of} {ital Physics}.

Miller, R.L.; Waelbroeck, F.L.; Hassam, A.B.; Waltz, R.E. [General Atomics, San Diego, California 92186-9784 (United States)] [General Atomics, San Diego, California 92186-9784 (United States)

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Trailing edge noise theory for rotating blades in uniform flow  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper presents a new formulation for trailing edge noise radiation from rotating blades based on an analytical solution of the convective wave equation. It accounts for distributed loading and the effect of mean flow and spanwise wavenumber. A commonly used theory due to Schlinker and Amiet (1981) predicts trailing edge noise radiation from rotating blades. However, different versions of the theory exist; it is not known which version is the correct one and what the range of validity of the theory is. This paper addresses both questions by deriving Schlinker and Amiet's theory in a simple way and by comparing it to the new formulation, using model blade elements representative of a wind turbine, a cooling fan and an aircraft propeller. The correct form of Schlinker and Amiet's theory (1981) is identified. It is valid at high enough frequency, i.e. for a Helmholtz number relative to chord greater than one and a rotational frequency much smaller than the angular frequency of the noise sources.

Sinayoko, Samuel; Agarwal, Anurag

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Magnetism and rotation in Herbig Ae/Be stars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Among the main sequence intermediate mass A and B stars, around 5% host large-scale organized magnetic fields. Most of these stars are very slow rotators compared to their non-magnetic counterparts, and show photospheric abundance anomalies. They are referred to as the Ap/Bp stars. One of the greatest challenges, today is to understand the origin of their magnetic field and their slow rotation. The favoured hypothesis is a fossil origin of the magnetic field, in which the magnetic fields of Ap/Bp stars are relics of those which existed in the parental molecular clouds during the formation. This implies that the magnetic field must survive all the initial phases of the stellar evolution and especially the pre-main sequence (PMS) phase. This is consistent with the general belief that magnetic braking occurs during the PMS phase, which sheds angular momentum and slows the rotation of these stars. In this context, we proceeded with a survey of a sample of around 50 PMS Herbig Ae/Be stars, using the new spectropol...

Alecian, E; Catala, C; Folsom, C; Grunhut, J; Donati, J -F; Petit, P; Bagnulo, S; Böhm, T; Bouret, J -C; Landstreet, J D

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Waves and instabilities in dissipative rotating superfluid neutron stars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We discuss wave propagation in rotating superfluid neutron star cores, taking into account the vortex mediated mutual friction force. For models where the two fluids co-rotate in the unperturbed state, our analysis clarifies the role of chemical coupling and entrainment for sound and inertial waves. We also investigate the mutual friction damping, providing results that demonstrate the well-known fact that sound waves propagating along a vortex array are undamped. We show that the same is not true for inertial waves, which are damped by the mutual friction regardless of the propagation direction. We then include the vortex tension, which arises due to local vortex curvature. Focussing on purely transverse inertial waves, we derive the small correction that the tension induces in the wave frequency. Finally, we allow for a relative linear flow in the background (along the rotation axis). In this case we show how the mutual friction coupling may induce a dynamical instability in the inertial waves. We discuss the critical flow required for the instability to be present, its physical interpretation and the possible relevance it may have for neutron star physics.

T. Sidery; N. Andersson; G. L. Comer

2007-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

408

CONFRONTING COLD DARK MATTER PREDICTIONS WITH OBSERVED GALAXY ROTATIONS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The rich statistics of galaxy rotations as captured by the velocity function (VF) provide invaluable constraints on galactic baryon physics and the nature of dark matter (DM). However, the comparison of observed galaxy rotations against cosmological models is prone to subtle caveats that can easily lead to misinterpretations. Our analysis reveals full statistical consistency between {approx}5000 galaxy rotations, observed in line-of-sight projection, and predictions based on the standard cosmological model ({Lambda}CDM) at the mass-resolution of the Millennium simulation (H I line-based circular velocities above {approx}50 km s{sup -1}). Explicitly, the H I linewidths in the H I Parkes All Sky Survey (HIPASS) are found to be consistent with those in S{sup 3}-SAX, a post-processed semi-analytic model for the Millennium simulation. Previously found anomalies in the VF can be plausibly attributed to (1) the mass-limit of the Millennium simulation, (2) confused sources in HIPASS, (3) inaccurate inclination measurements for optically faint sources, and (4) the non-detectability of gas-poor early-type galaxies. These issues can be bypassed by comparing observations and models using linewidth source counts rather than VFs. We investigate if and how well such source counts can constrain the temperature of DM.

Obreschkow, Danail; Meyer, Martin; Power, Chris; Staveley-Smith, Lister [International Centre for Radio Astronomy Research (ICRAR), M468, University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Hwy, Crawley, WA 6009 (Australia)] [International Centre for Radio Astronomy Research (ICRAR), M468, University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Hwy, Crawley, WA 6009 (Australia); Ma, Xiangcheng [The University of Sciences and Technology of China, Centre for Astrophysics, Hefei, Anhui 230026 (China)] [The University of Sciences and Technology of China, Centre for Astrophysics, Hefei, Anhui 230026 (China); Zwaan, Martin [European Southern Observatory, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 2, D-85748 Garching b. Muenchen (Germany)] [European Southern Observatory, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 2, D-85748 Garching b. Muenchen (Germany); Drinkwater, Michael J. [School of Mathematics and Physics, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072 (Australia)] [School of Mathematics and Physics, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072 (Australia)

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

On the Toroidal Plasma Rotations Induced by Lower Hybrid Waves  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A theoretical model is developed to explain the plasma rotations induced by lower hybrid waves in Alcator C-Mod. In this model, torodial rotations are driven by the Lorentz force on the bulk electron flow across flux surfaces, which is a response of the plasma to the resonant-electron flow across flux surfaces induced by the lower hybrid waves. The flow across flux surfaces of the resonant electrons and the bulk electrons are coupled through the radial electric fi eld initiated by the resonant electrons, and the friction between ions and electrons transfers the toroidal momentum to ions from electrons. An improved quasilinear theory with gyrophase dependent distribution function is developed to calculate the perpendicular resonant-electron flow. Toroidal rotations are determined using a set of fluid equations for bulk electrons and ions, which are solved numerically by a fi nite- difference method. Numerical results agree well with the experimental observations in terms of flow pro file and amplitude. The model explains the strong correlation between torodial flow and internal inductance observed experimentally, and predicts both counter-current and co-current flows, depending on the perpendicular wave vectors of the lower hybrid waves. __________________________________________________

Xiaoyin Guan, Hong Qin, Jian Liu and Nathaniel J. Fisch

2012-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

410

Emergence of rotational bands in ab initio no-core configuration interaction calculations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rotational bands have been observed to emerge in ab initio no-core configuration interaction (NCCI) calculations for p-shell nuclei, as evidenced by rotational patterns for excitation energies, electromagnetic moments, and electromagnetic transitions. We investigate the ab initio emergence of nuclear rotation in the Be isotopes, focusing on 9Be for illustration, and make use of basis extrapolation methods to obtain ab initio predictions of rotational band parameters for comparison with experiment. We find robust signatures for rotational motion, which reproduce both qualitative and quantitative features of the experimentally observed bands.

M. A. Caprio; P. Maris; J. P. Vary; R. Smith

2015-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

411

The Dosimetric Impact of Prostate Rotations During Electromagnetically Guided External-Beam Radiation Therapy  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Purpose: To study the impact of daily rotations and translations of the prostate on dosimetric coverage during radiation therapy (RT). Methods and Materials: Real-time tracking data for 26 patients were obtained during RT. Intensity modulated radiation therapy plans meeting RTOG 0126 dosimetric criteria were created with 0-, 2-, 3-, and 5-mm planning target volume (PTV) margins. Daily translations and rotations were used to reconstruct prostate delivered dose from the planned dose. D{sub 95} and V{sub 79} were computed from the delivered dose to evaluate target coverage and the adequacy of PTV margins. Prostate equivalent rotation is a new metric introduced in this study to quantify prostate rotations by accounting for prostate shape and length of rotational lever arm. Results: Large variations in prostate delivered dose were seen among patients. Adequate target coverage was met in 39%, 65%, and 84% of the patients for plans with 2-, 3-, and 5-mm PTV margins, respectively. Although no correlations between prostate delivered dose and daily rotations were seen, the data showed a clear correlation with prostate equivalent rotation. Conclusions: Prostate rotations during RT could cause significant underdosing even if daily translations were managed. These rotations should be managed with rotational tolerances based on prostate equivalent rotations.

Amro, Hanan, E-mail: hanan.amro@gmail.com [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Hamstra, Daniel A.; Mcshan, Daniel L. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States); Sandler, Howard [Department of Radiation Oncology, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, California (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, California (United States); Vineberg, Karen; Hadley, Scott; Litzenberg, Dale [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan (United States)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Microsoft Word - APRIL 2009 PMCDP Module CHRIS ESS Tutorial_ROTATION_WITH_INDUSTRY.doc  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

ROTATION WITH INDUSTRY ROTATION WITH INDUSTRY REV: APRIL 2009 1 1. The PMCDP participant must request a rotation through a supervisor/first line manager according to his or her program office policy. 2. Rotation with Industry assignments are available to project managers certified at Level 1 or higher as career-broadening experiences. Whether for certification or for CE credit, a Rotation with Industry assignment must be included as an IDP activity. 3. The PSO, Field Element Manger, Office Manager or other program official must nominate candidates for Rotation with Industry assignments. The Certification Review Board then approves certified federal project directors for rotational assignments according to his or her developmental needs and qualifications.

413

On the effect of rotation on populations of classical Cepheids I. Predictions at solar metallicity  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

[Abridged] We aim to improve the understanding of Cepheids from an evolutionary perspective and establish the role of rotation in the Cepheid paradigm. In particular, we are interested in the contribution of rotation to the problem of Cepheid masses, and explore testable predictions of quantities that can be confronted with observations. Evolutionary models including a homogeneous and self-consistent treatment of rotation are studied in detail during the crossings of the classical instability strip (IS). The dependence of several parameters on initial rotation is studied. These parameters include mass, luminosity, temperature, lifetimes, equatorial velocity, surface abundances, and rates of period change. Several key results are obtained: i) mass-luminosity (M-L) relations depend on rotation, particularly during the blue loop phase; ii) luminosity increases between crossings of the IS. Hence, Cepheid M-L relations at fixed initial rotation rate depend on crossing number (faster rotation yields greater luminos...

Anderson, R I; Georgy, C; Meynet, G; Mowlavi, N; Eyer, L

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Solar surface rotation: N-S asymmetry and recent speed-up  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Context. The relation between solar surface rotation and sunspot activity still remains open. Sunspot activity has dramatically reduced in solar cycle 24 and several solar activity indices and flux measurements experienced unprecedentedly low levels during the last solar minimum. Aims. We aim to reveal the momentary variation of solar surface rotation, especially during the recent years of reducing solar activity. Methods. We used a dynamic, differentially rotating reference system to determine the best-fit annual values of the differential rotation parameters of active longitudes of solar X-ray flares and sunspots in 1977-2012. Results. The evolution of rotation of solar active longitudes obtained with X-ray flares and with sunspots is very similar. Both hemispheres speed up since the late 1990s, with the southern hemisphere rotating slightly faster than the north. Earlier, in 1980s, rotation in the northern hemisphere was considerably faster, but experienced a major decrease in the early 1990s. On the other...

Zhang, L; Usoskin, I

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Defect Chaos of Oscillating Hexagons in Rotating Convection  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Using coupled Ginzburg-Landau equations, the dynamics of hexagonal patterns with broken chiral symmetry are investigated, as they appear in rotating non-Boussinesq or surface-tension-driven convection. We find that close to the secondary Hopf bifurcation to oscillating hexagons the dynamics are well described by a single complex Ginzburg-Landau equation (CGLE) coupled to the phases of the hexagonal pattern. At the band center these equations reduce to the usual CGLE and the system exhibits defect chaos. Away from the band center a transition to a frozen vortex state is found. (c) 2000 The American Physical Society.

Echebarria, Blas; Riecke, Hermann

2000-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

416

Transitions in two sinusoidally coupled Josephson junction rotators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We investigate the dynamics of two sinusoidally coupled Josephson junction rotators to provide a clear knowledge of the behaviors in different regions of the parameter space. The dynamical states are identified, and the transitions among these states are studied. The properties of the current-voltage curves are investigated. Further more, we observed the chaotic states in some regions of parameter space. We conjecture it may caused by the competition of two periodic potentials: one is the external field, another is the interacting of two particles.

Qian Min [School of Mathematical Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Wang Jiazeng [Department of Mathematics, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444 (China)], E-mail: wangjiazen@yahoo.com.cn

2008-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

417

Rotational bands with identical transition energies in actinide nuclei  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We point out the existence of ground-state rotational bands with identical transition energies (up to spin 8{h bar}) in {sup 240}Pu, {sup 244}Cm, {sup 246}Cm, and {sup 250}Cf. The corresponding transitions in the ground-state bands of {sup 236}U and {sup 238}U have identical energies (within {similar to}2 keV) up to spin 24{h bar}. These features are very similar to those recently observed for superdeformed bands in the mass-150 and mass-190 regions and suggest that the phenomenon of identical bands is not restricted to superdeformed bands.

Ahmad, I.; Carpenter, M.P.; Chasman, R.R.; Janssens, R.V.F.; Khoo, T.L. (Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois (USA))

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

THE FAR-INFRARED ROTATIONAL SPECTRUM OF ETHYLENE OXIDE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

High-resolution FTIR spectra of ethylene oxide have been measured in the far-infrared region using synchrotron radiation. A total of 1182 lines between 15 and 73 cm{sup -1} were assigned, with J{sub max} = 64, expanding upon previous studies that had recorded spectra up to 12 cm{sup -1}, J{sub max} = 49. All available data were co-fitted to provide greatly imp- roved rotational constants for the ground vibrational state that are capable of predicting transitions up to 73 cm{sup -1}.

Medcraft, Chris; Thompson, Christopher D.; McNaughton, Don [School of Chemistry, Monash University, Wellington Road, Clayton, Victoria 3800 (Australia); Robertson, Evan G. [Department of Chemistry, La Trobe Institute of Molecular Sciences, La Trobe University, Bundoora, Victoria 3086 (Australia); Appadoo, Dominique R. T., E-mail: donald.mcnaughton@monash.edu [Australian Synchrotron, 800 Blackburn Road, Clayton, Victoria 3168 (Australia)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Solution of the Roth-Marques-Durian Rotational Abrasion Model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We solve the rotational abrasion model of Roth, Marques and Durian (arXiv:1009.3492), a one-dimensional quasilinear partial differential equation resembling the inviscid Burgers equation with the unusual feature of a step function factor as a coefficient. The complexity of the solution is primarily in keeping track of the cases in the piecewise function that results from certain amputation and interpolation processes, so we also extract from it a model of an evolving planar tree graph that tracks the evolution of the coarse features of the contour.

Bryan Gin-ge Chen

2010-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

420

Extremal charged rotating dilaton black holes in odd dimensions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Employing higher-order perturbation theory, we find a new class of charged rotating black hole solutions of Einstein-Maxwell-dilaton theory with general dilaton coupling constant. Starting from the Myers-Perry solutions, we use the electric charge as the perturbative parameter, and focus on extremal black holes with equal-magnitude angular momenta in odd dimensions. We perform the perturbations up to 4th order for black holes in 5 dimensions and up to 3rd order in higher odd dimensions. We calculate the physical properties of these black holes and study their dependence on the charge and the dilaton coupling constant.

Allahverdizadeh, Masoud; Kunz, Jutta; Navarro-Lerida, Francisco [Institut fuer Physik, Universitaet Oldenburg, Postfach 2503 D-26111 Oldenburg (Germany); Departamento de Fisica Atomica, Molecular y Nuclear, Ciencias Fisicas Universidad Complutense de Madrid, E-28040 Madrid (Spain)

2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotating shadowband radiometers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Extremal Charged Rotating Dilaton Black Holes in Odd Dimensions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Employing higher order perturbation theory, we find a new class of charged rotating black hole solutions of Einstein-Maxwell-dilaton theory with general dilaton coupling constant. Starting from the Myers-Perry solutions, we use the electric charge as the perturbative parameter, and focus on extremal black holes with equal-magnitude angular momenta in odd dimensions. We perform the perturbations up to 4th order for black holes in 5 dimensions and up to 3rd order in higher odd dimensions. We calculate the physical properties of these black holes and study their dependence on the charge and the dilaton coupling constant.

Masoud Allahverdizadeh; Jutta Kunz; Francisco Navarro-Lerida

2010-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

422

Galaxy rotation curves from general relativity with renormalization group corrections  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We consider the application of quantum corrections computed using renormalization group arguments in the astrophysical domain and show that, for the most natural interpretation of the renormalization group scale parameter, a gravitational coupling parameter G varying 10{sup ?7} of its value across a galaxy (which is roughly a variation of 10{sup ?12} per light-year) is sufficient to generate galaxy rotation curves in agreement with the observations. The quality of the resulting fit is similar to the Isothermal profile quality once both the shape of the rotation curve and the mass-to-light ratios are considered for evaluation. In order to perform the analysis, we use recent high quality data from nine regular disk galaxies. For the sake of comparison, the same set of data is modeled also for the Modified Newtonian Dynamics (MOND) and for the recently proposed Scalar Tensor Vector Gravity (STVG). At face value, the model based on quantum corrections clearly leads to better fits than these two alternative theories.

Rodrigues, Davi C.; Letelier, Patricio S. [Departamento de Matemática Aplicada, IMECC, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, 13083-859, Campinas, SP (Brazil); Shapiro, Ilya L., E-mail: davi@ime.unicamp.br, E-mail: letelier@ime.unicamp.br, E-mail: shapiro@fisica.ufjf.br [Departamento de Física, ICE, Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora, 36036-330, Juiz de Fora, MG (Brazil)

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Bulk emission of scalars by a rotating black hole  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study in detail the scalar-field Hawking radiation emitted into the bulk by a higher-dimensional, rotating black hole. We numerically compute the angular eigenvalues, and solve the radial equation of motion in order to find transmission factors. The latter are found to be enhanced by the angular momentum of the black hole, and to exhibit the well-known effect of superradiance. The corresponding power spectra for scalar fields show an enhancement with the number of dimensions, as in the non-rotating case. We compute the total mass loss rate of the black hole for a variety of black-hole angular momenta and bulk dimensions, and find that, in all cases, the bulk emission remains significantly smaller than the brane emission. The angular-momentum loss rate is also computed and found to have a smaller value in the bulk than on the brane. We present accurate bulk-to-brane emission ratios for a range of scenarios.

M. Casals; S. R. Dolan; P. Kanti; E. Winstanley

2008-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

424

Geothermal heating enhances atmospheric asymmetries on synchronously rotating planets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Earth-like planets within the liquid water habitable zone of M type stars may evolve into synchronous rotators. On these planets, the sub-stellar hemisphere experiences perpetual daylight while the opposing anti-stellar hemisphere experiences perpetual darkness. Because the night-side hemisphere has no direct source of energy, the air over this side of the planet is prone to freeze out and deposit on the surface, which could result in atmospheric collapse. However, general circulation models (GCMs) have shown that atmospheric dynamics can counteract this problem and provide sufficient energy transport to the anti-stellar side. Here we use an idealized GCM to consider the impact of geothermal heating on the habitability of synchronously rotating planets. Geothermal heating may be expected due to tidal interactions with the host star, and the effects of geothermal heating provide additional habitable surface area and may help to induce melting of ice on the anti-stellar hemisphere. We also explore the persisten...

Haqq-Misra, Jacob

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

On the Nuclear Rotation Curve of M31  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The nuclear rotation curve of M31, as observed by the Hubble Space Telescope Faint Object Camera Spectrograph, shows a significant disturbance coinciding with the off-center brightness peak, P1. This +/- 60 km/s feature is distinguished by a local velocity maximum centered on P1 and a local minimum approxmately 0.08" closer to P2. If the M31 double nucleus is an eccentric disk with an off-center density concentration, as suggested by Tremaine, then the self-gravity of the disk can produce just such a disturbance. The expected kinematic signature is calculated approximately by examining sequences of closed periodic orbits in a Kepler potential perturbed by a model disk potential that precesses at constant frequency. The perturbation forces a steep negative eccentricity gradient in the sequence of closed orbits through the densest part of the disk, which reverses the arrangement of periapsis and apoapsis with respect to the central mass. Stars making up the inner part of the density concentration are at apoapsis, while stars making up the outer part are at periapsis, producing a steep local velocity gradient. This result is independent of the details of the mass distribution. The projected rotation curve of the model is shown to closely resemble that of M31, giving strong support to the eccentric disk picture.

Thomas S. Statler

1999-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

426

High-K isomers and rotational structures in W174  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

High-spin states in W174 (Z = 74) have been populated using the reaction Te128(Ti50, 4n)W174 at beam energies of 215 and 225 MeV. The Gammasphere array was used to detect the ? rays emitted by the evaporation residues. Four previously known collective band structures have been extended, and 16 new rotational sequences observed. Two are built upon isomeric states, one corresponding to a two-quasiparticle K = 8 isomer, the other to a four-quasiparticle K = 12 isomer, with the latter exhibiting strong K-violating ?K=12 decays to the ground state band. Nucleonic configurations for the two- and four-quasiparticle excitations are proposed, and Woods-Saxon cranking calculations are presented to understand the rotational structures. Decay mechanisms of multi-quasiparticle K isomers are discussed in terms of the prevalent phenomenological models, with special emphasis on ?-tunneling calculations. Surprisingly, the latter underpredict the decay hindrance for the K = 12 isomer by three orders of magnitude, unlike all other isomer decays in this mass region.

S. K. Tandel; P. Chowdhury; E. H. Seabury; I. Ahmad; M. P. Carpenter; S. M. Fischer; R. V. F. Janssens; T. L. Khoo; T. Lauritsen; C. J. Lister; D. Seweryniak; Y. R. Shimizu

2006-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

427

Instabilities of (near) extremal rotating black holes in higher dimensions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recently, Durkee and Reall have conjectured a criterion for linear instability of rotating, extremal, asymptotically Minkowskian black holes in $d\\ge 4$ dimensions, such as the Myers-Perry black holes. They considered a certain elliptic operator, $\\cal A$, acting on symmetric traceless tensors intrinsic to the horizon. Based in part on numerical evidence, they suggested that if the lowest eigenvalue, $\\lambda$, of this operator is less than the critical value $-1/4$ ( called "effective BF-bound"), then the black hole is linearly unstable. In this paper, we prove their conjecture. Our proof uses a combination of methods such as (i) the "canonical energy method" of Hollands-Wald, (ii) algebraically special properties of the near horizon geometries associated with the black hole, and (iii) the structure of the (linearized) constraint equations. Our method of proof is also applicable to rotating, extremal asymptotically Anti-deSitter black holes. In that case, our methods show that "all" such black holes are unstable. Although we explicitly discuss in this paper only extremal black holes, we argue that our methods can be generalized straightforwardly to obtain the same results for "near" extremal black holes.

Stefan Hollands; Akihiro Ishibashi

2014-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

428

General description of Dirac spin-rotation effect with relativistic factor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Mashhoon rotation-spin coupling is studied by means of the parallelism description of general relativity. The relativistic rotational tetrad is exploited, which results in the Minkowski metric, and the torsion axial-vector and Dirac spin coupling will give the Mashhoon rotation-spin term. For the high speed rotating cases, the tangent velocity constructed by the angular velocity $\\Ome$ multiplying the distance r may exceed over the speed of light c, i.e., $\\Ome r \\ge c$, which will make the relativistic factor $\\gamma$ infinity or imaginary. In order to avoid this "meaningless" difficulty occurred in $\\gamma$ factor, we choose to make the rotation nonuniform and position-dependent in a particular way, and then we find that the new rotation-spin coupling energy expression is consistent with the previous results in the low speed limit.

C. M. Zhang

2007-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

429

Rotating fiber array molecular driver and molecular momentum transfer device constructed therewith  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A rotating fiber array molecular driver is disclosed which includes a magnetically suspended and rotated central hub to which is attached a plurality of elongated fibers extending radially therefrom. The hub is rotated so as to straighten and axially extend the fibers and to provide the fibers with a tip speed which exceeds the average molecular velocity of fluid molecules entering between the fibers. Molecules colliding with the sides of the rotating fibers are accelerated to the tip speed of the fiber and given a momentum having a directional orientation within a relatively narrow distribution angle at a point radially outward of the hub, which is centered and peaks at the normal to the fiber sides in the direction of fiber rotation. The rotating fiber array may be used with other like fiber arrays or with other stationary structures to form molecular momentum transfer devices such as vacuum pumps, molecular separators, molecular coaters, or molecular reactors.

Milleron, Norman (1854 San Juan, Berkeley, CA 94707)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Generation of magnetoacoustic zonal flows by Alfven waves in a rotating plasma  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Analytical theory of nonlinear generation of magnetoacoustic zonal flows in a rotating plasma is developed. As the primary modes causing such a generation, a totality of the Alfven waves are considered, along with the kinetic, inertial, and rotational. It is shown that in all these cases of the Alfven waves the generation is possible if the double plasma rotation frequency exceeds the zonal flow frequency.

Mikhailovskii, A. B.; Lominadze, J. G.; Churikov, A. P.; Erokhin, N. N.; Tsypin, V. S.; Smolyakov, A. I.; Galvao, R. M. O. [Institute of Nuclear Fusion, Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute, 1, Kurchatov Square, Moscow 123182 (Russian Federation); Kharadze Abastumani National Astrophysical Observatory, 2a, Kazbegi Avenue, Tbilisi 0160 (Georgia); Syzran Branch of Samara Technical University, 45, Sovetskaya Str., Syzran, Samara Region 446001 (Russian Federation); Institute of Nuclear Fusion, Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute, Kurchatov Square, 1, Moscow 123182 (Russian Federation); Brazilian Center for Physics Research, Rua Xavier Sigaud, 150, 22290-180, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil); University of Saskatchewan, 116 Science Place, Saskatoon S7N 5E2 (Canada); Institute of Nuclear Fusion, Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute, Kurchatov Square, 1, Moscow 123182 (Russian Federation); Physics Institute, University of Sao Paulo, Cidade Universitaria, 05508-900, Sao Paulo (Brazil); Brazilian Center for Physics Research, Rua Xavier Sigaud, 150, 22290-180, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)

2007-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

431

Femtosecond Raman induced polarization spectroscopy studies of coherent rotational dynamics in molecular fluids  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We develop a polarization-sensitive femtosecond pump probe technique, Raman induced polarization spectroscopy (RIPS), to study coherent rotation in molecular fluids. By observing the collisional dephasing of the coherently prepared rotational states, we are able to extract information concerning the effects of molecular interactions on the rotational motion. The technique is quite sensitive because of the zero background detection method, and is also versatile due to its nonresonant nature.

Morgen, M.M. [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Chemistry; [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States)

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Optical rotation in RbTiOAsO4 (point group mm2) W. Kaminsky*, I  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Optical rotation in RbTiOAsO4 (point group mm2) W. Kaminsky*, I , P. A. ThomasII and A. M. Glazer, UK Received March 5, 2001; accepted September 13, 2001 Abstract. Measurement of optical rotation in RbTiOAsO4 (RTA) with the tilter method resulted in an optical rotation of r12 ¼ þ17ð3� /mm

Kaminsky, Werner

433

Modification of the Doppler Effect due to the Helicity-Rotation Coupling  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The helicity-rotation coupling and its current empirical basis are examined. The modification of the Doppler effect due to the coupling of photon spin with the rotation of the observer is considered in detail in connection with its applications in the Doppler tracking of spacecraft. Further implications of this coupling and the possibility of searching for it in the intensity response of a rotating detector are briefly discussed.

Bahram Mashhoon

2002-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

434

On the Rotating and Oscillating strings in $(AdS_3\\times S^3)_{\\varkappa}$  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study rigidly rotating strings in the $\\varkappa$-deformed $AdS_3 \\times S^3$ background. We find out two classes of solutions corresponding to the giant magnon and single spike solutions of the string rotating is two $S^2_{\\varkappa}$ subspace of rotations reduced along two different isometries. We verify that the dispersion relations reduce to the well known relation in the $\\varkappa\\rightarrow 0$ limit. We further study some oscillating string solutions in the $S^3_{\\varkappa}$ subspace.

Banerjee, Aritra

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

On the Rotating and Oscillating strings in $(AdS_3\\times S^3)_{\\varkappa}$  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study rigidly rotating strings in the $\\varkappa$-deformed $AdS_3 \\times S^3$ background. We find out two classes of solutions corresponding to the giant magnon and single spike solutions of the string rotating in two $S^2_{\\varkappa}$ subspace of rotations reduced along two different isometries. We verify that the dispersion relations reduce to the well known relation in the $\\varkappa\\rightarrow 0$ limit. We further study some oscillating string solutions in the $S^3_{\\varkappa}$ subspace.

Aritra Banerjee; Kamal L. Panigrahi

2014-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

436

delamere-99.PDF  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

diffuse NIP Normal Incidence Pyranometer UVB Ultra Violet Biometer IRT InfraRed Thermometer NIMFR Normal Incidence Multi-Filter Radiometer MFRSR Multi-Filter Rotating...

437

Photoinduced Reorganization of Motor-Doped Chiral Liquid Crystals: Bridging Molecular Isomerization and Texture Rotation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In order to guide future design of motor-doped LCs, it will be necessary to control the rotational behavior of these systems: the speed of rotation, the modification of period of the fingerprints, the geometry of the texture, etc. ... In this contribution, we present a detailed rationalization for the rotational reorganization of motor-doped LC films, by elucidating the relation between the isomerization of the motors and the rotation of the texture. ... The quantum mechanical analysis of the saddle point along the isomerization pathway shows that the isomerization process involves the concerted displacement of several atoms. ...

Alessandro Bosco; Mahthild G. M. Jongejan; Rienk Eelkema; Nathalie Katsonis; Emmanuelle Lacaze; Alberta Ferrarini; Ben L. Feringa

2008-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

438

Operational Space and Characterization of a Rotating Detonation Engine Using Hydrogen and Air.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??An experimental study was performed on a rotating detonation engine originally designed by Pratt and Whitney’s Seattle Aerosciences Center. The engine was tested with a… (more)

Suchocki, James Alexander

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Rotationally resolved Fano effect of HI molecules: An experimental study using coherent vacuum-ultraviolet radiation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An experiment studying the influence of molecular rotation in HI on photoelectron-spin polarization is presented. The experiment is highly wavelength selective since a laser-based vacuum-ultraviolet-radiation source with a bandwidth of 0.5×10-4 nm is applied to produce circularly polarized light. Although in the Fano effect the kinetic energy of the photoelectrons is not analyzed, rotational structure is resolved via narrow-band excitation of autoionization resonances. The photoelectron-spin polarization is found to be strongly affected by the rotational substructure, leading to changes in both magnitude and sign for different rotational lines.

T. Huth-Fehre; A. Mank; M. Drescher; N. Böwering; U. Heinzmann

1990-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

440

Transition to conservation tillage evaluated in San Joaquin Valley cotton and tomato rotations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

62 , NUMBER 2 TABLE 3. Cotton plant stand establishment forcrops during one complete cotton- tomato rotation, FiveLM. 1996. Tillage. In: Cotton Production Manual. UC ANR Pub

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotating shadowband radiometers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

E-Print Network 3.0 - axisymmetric rotating plasmas Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

a high- quasi-axisymmetric stellarator B275 Figure 1. Plasma... Figure 3. Rotational transform profile of configuration C82. Figure ... Source: Carlos III de Madrid, Universidad -...

442

Fuel ion rotation measurement and its implications on H-mode theories  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Poloidal and toroidal rotation of the fuel ions (He{sup 2+}) and the impurity ions (C{sup 6+} and B{sup 5+}) in H-mode helium plasmas have been investigated in the DIII-D tokamak by means of charge exchange recombination spectroscopy, resulting in the discovery that the fuel ion poloidal rotation is in the ion diamagnetic drift direction while the impurity ion rotation is in the electron diamagnetic drift direction. The radial electric field obtained from radial force balance analysis of the measured pressure gradients and rotation velocities is shown to be the same regardless of which ion species is used and therefore is a more fundamental parameter than the rotation flows in studying H-mode phenomena. It is shown that the three contributions to the radial electric field (diamagnetic, poloidal rotation, and toroidal rotation terms) are comparable and consequently the poloidal flow does not solely represent the E {times} B flow. In the high-shear edge region, the density scale length is comparable to the ion poloidal gyroradius, and thus neoclassical theory is not valid there. In view of this new discovery that the fuel and impurity ions rotate in opposite sense, L-H transition theories based on the poloidal rotation may require improvement.

Kim, J.; Burrell, K.H.; Gohil, P.; Groebner, R.J.; Hinton, F.L.; Kim, Y.B.; Seraydarian, R. [General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States); Mandl, W. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Plasmaphysik, Garching (Germany). Oberflaechenphysik; Wade, M.R. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Rotational Reorientation Dynamics of Aerosol-OT Reverse Micelles Formed in Nearcritical Propane  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The rotational reorientation kinetics of two fluorescent solutes (rhodamine 6G, R6G, and rhodamine 101, R101) have been determined in sodium bis(2-ethylhexyl) sulfosuccinate...

Heitz, Mark P; Bright, Frank V

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Testing Oxygen Reduction Reaction Activity with the Rotating Disc Electrode Technique  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Presentation slides from the Fuel Cell Technologies Office webinar, Testing Oxygen Reduction Reaction Activity with the Rotating Disc Electrode Technique, held March 12, 2013.

445

E-Print Network 3.0 - asteroid rotation periods Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

5 > >> 1 National Aeronautics and Space Administration www.nasa.gov Summary: around the Sun in elliptical orbits, the asteroids also rotate, sometimes quite erratically,...

446

Divergent–rotational Nonlinear Energy Conversions in Wavenumber–frequency Domain During Summer Monsoon  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...—This work deals with computational modelling designed to understand the dynamical mechanism of low frequency monsoonal transients that results from nonlinear divergent–rotational (?-?) kinetic energy (KE) conversions

D. R. Chakraborty; N. K. Agarwal

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Rotational Doppler-effect due to selective excitation of vector-vortex field in optical fiber  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Experimental demonstration of rotational Doppler-effect due to direct and simultaneous excitation of orthogonal elliptically-polarized fundamental and vortex modes in a two-mode...

Inavalli, V V G Krishna; Viswanathan, Nirmal K

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

A Molecular Switch Based on Current-Driven Rotation of an Encapsulated...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

scanning tunneling microscopy imaging and electronic structure theory, we investigate a single-molecule switch based on tunneling electron-driven rotation of a triangular Sc3N...

449

Webinar: Testing Oxygen Reduction Reaction Activity with the Rotating Disc Electrode Technique  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Video recording of the Fuel Cell Technologies Office webinar, Testing Oxygen Reduction Reaction Activity with the Rotating Disc Electrode Technique, originally presented on March 12, 2013.

450

Application of Faraday Rotation Spectroscopy for Quantifying HO2 Radicals in Combustion Processes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Faraday rotation spectroscopy has been used for in situ quantification of HO2 generated from an atmospheric flow reactor. HO2 species...

Brumfield, Brian; Sun, Wenting; Wysocki, Gerard; Ju, Yiguang

451

Rotational analysis of the 3?0(0+)?1?+(0+) system of indium iodide  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The 3??1?+ band systems of InI were observed in both emission and absorption. Twenty new bandheads were observed. Rotational parameters for the...

Davis, Sumner P; Pecyner, Rubén

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Visualizing Magneto-Rotational Instability and Turbulent Angular Momentum  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Turbulent Angular Momentum Transport Turbulent Angular Momentum Transport Magneto-Rotational Instability and Turbulent Angular Momentum Transport hydroentropyvisit0400.s.x2005.png In space, gases and other matter often form swirling disks around attracting central objects such as newly formed stars. The presence of magnetic fields can cause the disks to become unstable and develop turbulence, causing the disk material to fall onto the central object. This project will carry out large-scale simulations to test theories on how turbulence can develop in such a scenario. These simulations may provide insights into magnetically caused instabilities being studied on a smaller scale in laboratory experiments. In this image volume rendering has been used to visualize the time evolution of hydrodynamic entropy. The color

453

Muon Spin Rotation Spectroscopy - Utilizing Muons in Solid State Physics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Over the past decades muon spin rotation techniques (mSR) have established themselves as an invaluable tool to study a variety of static and dynamic phenomena in bulk solid state physics and chemistry. Common to all these approaches is that the muon is utilized as a spin microprobe and/or hydrogen-like probe, implanted in the material under investigation. Recent developments extend the range of application to near surface phenomena, thin film and super-lattice studies. After briefly summarizing the production of so called surface muons used for bulk studies, and discussing the principle differences between pulsed and continuous muon beams, the production of keV-energy muon sources will be discussed. A few topical examples from different active research fields will be presented to demonstrate the power of these techniques.

Suter, Andreas [Paul Scherrer Institut, Switzerland

2012-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

454

Novel Carbon Films for Next Generation Rotating Equipment Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes the results of research performed on a new generation of low friction, wear resistant carbon coatings for seals and bearings in high speed rotating equipment. The low friction coatings, Near Frictionless Carbon (NFC), a high hydrogen content diamondlike carbon, and Carbide Derived Carbon (CDC), a conversion coating produced on the surfaces of metal carbides by halogenation, can be applied together or separately to improve the performance of seals and bearings, with benefits to energy efficiency and environmental protection. Because hard carbide ceramics, such as silicon carbide, are widely used in the seals industry, this coating is particularly attractive as a low cost method to improve performance. The technology of CDC has been licensed to an Illinois company, Carbide Derivative Technologies, Inc. (CDTI) to implement the commercialization of this material.

Michael McNallan; Ali Erdemir; Yury Gogotsi

2006-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

455

Nanoparticles at liquid interfaces: Rotational dynamics and angular locking  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nanoparticles with different surface morphologies that straddle the interface between two immiscible liquids are studied via molecular dynamics simulations. The methodology employed allows us to compute the interfacial free energy at different angular orientations of the nanoparticle. Due to their atomistic nature, the studied nanoparticles present both microscale and macroscale geometrical features and cannot be accurately modeled as a perfectly smooth body (e.g., spheres and cylinders). Under certain physical conditions, microscale features can produce free energy barriers that are much larger than the thermal energy of the surrounding media. The presence of these energy barriers can effectively “lock” the particle at specific angular orientations with respect to the liquid-liquid interface. This work provides new insights on the rotational dynamics of Brownian particles at liquid interfaces and suggests possible strategies to exploit the effects of microscale features with given geometric characteristics.

Razavi, Sepideh; Kretzschmar, Ilona [Department of Chemical Engineering, City College of City University of New York, New York, New York 10031 (United States)] [Department of Chemical Engineering, City College of City University of New York, New York, New York 10031 (United States); Koplik, Joel [Department of Physics and The Benjamin Levich Institute for Physico-chemical Hydrodynamics, City College of City University of New York, New York, New York 10031 (United States)] [Department of Physics and The Benjamin Levich Institute for Physico-chemical Hydrodynamics, City College of City University of New York, New York, New York 10031 (United States); Colosqui, Carlos E., E-mail: carlos.colosqui@stonybrook.edu [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York 11794 (United States)

2014-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

456

COMPRESSIBLE STREAMING INSTABILITIES IN ROTATING THERMAL VISCOUS OBJECTS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study electromagnetic streaming instabilities in thermal viscous regions of rotating astrophysical objects, such as protostellar and protoplanetary magnetized accretion disks, molecular clouds, their cores, and elephant trunks. The obtained results can also be applied to any regions of interstellar medium, where different equilibrium velocities between charged species can arise. We consider a weakly and highly ionized three-component plasma consisting of neutrals and magnetized electrons and ions. The vertical perturbations along the background magnetic field are investigated. The effect of perturbation of collisional frequencies due to density perturbations of species is taken into account. The growth rates of perturbations are found in a wide region of wave number spectrum for media, where the thermal pressure is larger than the magnetic pressure. It is shown that in cases of strong collisional coupling of neutrals with ions the contribution of the viscosity is negligible.

Nekrasov, A. K., E-mail: anatoli.nekrassov@t-online.d [Institute of Physics of the Earth, Russian Academy of Sciences, 123995 Moscow (Russian Federation)

2009-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

457

Double rotation NMR studies of zeolites and aluminophosphate molecular sieves  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Goal is to study the organization and structures of guest atoms and molecules and their reactions on internal surfaces within pores of zeolites and aluminophosphate molecular sieves. {sup 27}Al and {sup 23}Na double rotation NMR (DOR) is used since it removes the anisotropic broadening in NMR spectra of quadrupolar nuclei, thus increasing resolution. This work concentrates on probing aluminum framework atoms in aluminophosphate molecular sieves and sodium extra framework cations in porous aluminosilicates. In aluminophosphates, ordering and electronic environments of the framework {sup 27}Al nuclei are modified upon adsorption of water molecules within the channels; a relation is sought between the sieve channel topology and the organization of adsorbed water, as well as the interaction between the Al nuclei and the water molecules. Extra framework Na{sup +} cations are directly involved in adsorption processes and reactions in zeolite cavities.

Jelinek, R. [California Univ., Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Chemistry]|[Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States)

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Magnetism, rotation and accretion in Herbig Ae-Be stars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Studies of stellar magnetism at the pre-main sequence phase can provide important new insights into the detailed physics of the late stages of star formation, and into the observed properties of main sequence stars. This is especially true at intermediate stellar masses, where magnetic fields are strong and globally organised, and therefore most amenable to direct study. This talk reviews recent high-precision ESPaDOnS observations of pre-main sequence Herbig Ae-Be stars, which are yielding qualitatively new information about intermediate-mass stars: the origin and evolution of their magnetic fields, the role of magnetic fields in generating their spectroscopic activity and in mediating accretion in their late formative stages, and the factors influencing their rotational angular momentum.

Alecian, E; Catala, C; Folsom, C; Grunhut, J; Donati, J -F; Petit, P; Bagnulo, S; Bouret, T J -C; Landstreet, J D

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Periodic relativity: deflection of light, acceleration, rotation curves  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Vectorial analysis relating to derivation of deflection of light is presented. Curvilinear acceleration is distinguished from the Newtonian polar conic acceleration. The difference between the two is due to the curvature term. Lorentz invariant expression for acceleration is derived. A physical theory of rotation curves of galaxies based on second solution to Einstein's field equation is presented. Theory is applied to Milky Way, M31, NGC3198 and Solar system. Modified Kepler's third law yields correct orbital periods of stars in a galaxy. Deviation factor in the line element of the theory happens to be the ratio of the Newtonian gravitational acceleration to the measured acceleration of the star in the galaxy. Therefore this deviation factor can replace the MOND function.

Vikram H. Zaveri

2014-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

460

Rotating mousehole improves top drive/conventional drilling  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Top drive speed and efficiency are limited and have not reached full potential because of operation ``bottlenecks`` during makeup or breakout of triple pipe stands and bottomhole assembly (BHA) change out. Operators and contractors analyzed tools to overcome these limitations and found a potential solution from International Tool Co., a supplier of kelly spinners, in a tool that has improved make/break efficiency and rig floor safety. The Phantom Mouse rotating mousehole assembly was developed to improve drilling efficiency on top-drive-equipped rigs. This new device tightens connections so pipe stands can be set back in derricks. Using the system, crews can quickly and efficiently make up and set back DP stands while drilling ahead with top drives. It can also be used to break out and lay down excess DP from the derrick.

NONE

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotating shadowband radiometers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Rotational and magnetic field instabilities in neutron stars  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this short review we present recent results on the dynamics of neutron stars and their magnetic fields. We discuss the progress that has been made, during the last 5 years, in understanding the rotational instabilities with emphasis to the one due to the f-mode, the possibility of using gravitational wave detection in constraining the parameters of neutron stars and revealing the equation of state as well as the detectability of gravitational waves produced during the unstable phase of a neutron star’s life. In addition we discuss the dynamics of extremely strong magnetic fields observed in a class of neutron stars (magnetars). Magnetic fields of that strength are responsible for highly energetic phenomena (giant flares) and we demonstrate that the analysis of the emitted electromagnetic radiation can lead in constraining the parameters of neutron stars. Furthermore, we present our results from the study of such violent phenomena in association with the emission of gravitational radiation.

Kokkotas, Kostas D. [Theoretical Astrophysics, IAAT, Eberhard Karls University of Tübingen, Tübingen 72076 (Germany)

2014-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

462

Innovative Sensors for Pipeline Crawlers: Rotating Permanent Magnet Inspection  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Internal inspection of pipelines is an important tool for ensuring safe and reliable delivery of fossil energy products. Current inspection systems that are propelled through the pipeline by the product flow cannot be used to inspect all pipelines because of the various physical barriers they may encounter. To facilitate inspection of these ''unpiggable'' pipelines, recent inspection development efforts have focused on a new generation of powered inspection platforms that are able to crawl slowly inside a pipeline and can maneuver past the physical barriers that limit internal inspection applicability, such as bore restrictions, low product flow rate, and low pressure. The first step in this research was to review existing inspection technologies for applicability and compatibility with crawler systems. Most existing inspection technologies, including magnetic flux leakage and ultrasonic methods, had significant implementation limitations including mass, physical size, inspection energy coupling requirements and technology maturity. The remote field technique was the most promising but power consumption was high and anomaly signals were low requiring sensitive detectors and electronics. After reviewing each inspection technology, it was decided to investigate the potential for a new inspection method. The new inspection method takes advantage of advances in permanent magnet strength, along with their wide availability and low cost. Called rotating permanent magnet inspection (RPMI), this patent pending technology employs pairs of permanent magnets rotating around the central axis of a cylinder to induce high current densities in the material under inspection. Anomalies and wall thickness variations are detected with an array of sensors that measure local changes in the magnetic field produced by the induced current flowing in the material. This inspection method is an alternative to the common concentric coil remote field technique that induces low-frequency eddy currents in ferromagnetic pipes and tubes. Since this is a new inspection method, both theory and experiment were used to determine fundamental capabilities and limitations. Fundamental finite element modeling analysis and experimental investigations performed during this development have led to the derivation of a first order analytical equation for designing rotating magnetizers to induce current and positioning sensors to record signals from anomalies. Experimental results confirm the analytical equation and the finite element calculations provide a firm basis for the design of RPMI systems. Experimental results have shown that metal loss anomalies and wall thickness variations can be detected with an array of sensors that measure local changes in the magnetic field produced by the induced current flowing in the material. The design exploits the phenomenon that circumferential currents are easily detectable at distances well away from the magnets. Current changes at anomalies were detectable with commercial low cost Hall Effect sensors. Commercial analog to digital converters can be used to measure the sensor output and data analysis can be performed in real time using PC computer systems. The technology was successfully demonstrated during two blind benchmark tests where numerous metal loss defects were detected. For this inspection technology, the detection threshold is a function of wall thickness and corrosion depth. For thinner materials, the detection threshold was experimentally shown to be comparable to magnetic flux leakage. For wall thicknesses greater than three tenths of an inch, the detection threshold increases with wall thickness. The potential for metal loss anomaly sizing was demonstrated in the second benchmarking study, again with accuracy comparable to existing magnetic flux leakage technologies. The rotating permanent magnet system has the potential for inspecting unpiggable pipelines since the magnetizer configurations can be sufficiently small with respect to the bore of the pipe to pass obstructions that limit the application of many i

J. Bruce Nestleroth; Richard J. Davis; Stephanie Flamberg

2006-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

463

Gravitational radiation from rotating monopole-string systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the gravitational radiation from a rotating monopole-antimonopole pair connected by a string. While at not too high frequencies the emitted gravitational spectrum is described asymptotically by $P_n\\propto n^{-1}$, the spectrum is exponentially suppressed in the high-frequency limit, $P_n\\propto \\exp(-n/n_{\\rm cr})$. Below $n_{\\rm cr}$, the emitted spectrum of gravitational waves is very similar to the case of an oscillating monopole pair connected by a string, and we argue therefore that the spectrum found holds approximately for any moving monopole-string system. As application, we discuss the stochastic gravitational wave background generated by monopole-antimonopole pairs connected by strings in the early Universe and gravitational wave bursts emitted at present by monopole-string networks. We confirm that advanced gravitational wave detectors have the potential to detect a signal for string tensions as small as $G\\mu\\sim 10^{-13}$.

E. Babichev; V. Dokuchaev; M. Kachelriess

2004-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

464

ESTABLISHING {alpha} Oph AS A PROTOTYPE ROTATOR: IMPROVED ASTROMETRIC ORBIT  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The nearby star {alpha} Oph (Ras Alhague) is a rapidly rotating A5IV star spinning at {approx} 89% of its breakup velocity. This system has been imaged extensively by interferometric techniques, giving a precise geometric model of the star's oblateness and the resulting temperature variation on the stellar surface. Fortuitously, {alpha} Oph has a previously known stellar companion, and characterization of the orbit provides an independent, dynamically based check of both the host star and the companion mass. Such measurements are crucial to constrain models of such rapidly rotating stars. In this study, we combine eight years of adaptive optics imaging data from the Palomar, AEOS, and CFHT telescopes to derive an improved, astrometric characterization of the companion orbit. We also use photometry from these observations to derive a model-based estimate of the companion mass. A fit was performed on the photocenter motion of this system to extract a component mass ratio. We find masses of 2.40{sup +0.23}{sub -0.37} M{sub sun} and 0.85{sup +0.06}{sub -0.04} M{sub sun} for {alpha} Oph A and {alpha} Oph B, respectively. Previous orbital studies of this system found a mass too high for this system, inconsistent with stellar evolutionary calculations. Our measurements of the host star mass are more consistent with these evolutionary calculations, but with slightly higher uncertainties. In addition to the dynamically derived masses, we use IJHK photometry to derive a model-based mass for {alpha} Oph B, of 0.77 {+-} 0.05 M{sub sun} marginally consistent with the dynamical masses derived from our orbit. Our model fits predict a periastron passage on 2012 April 19, with the two components having a 50 mas separation from 2012 March to May. A modest amount of interferometric and radial velocity data during this period could provide a mass determination of this star at the few percent level.

Hinkley, Sasha; Hillenbrand, Lynne; Crepp, Justin R. [Department of Astronomy, California Institute of Technology, 1200 E. California Blvd., MC 249-17, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Monnier, John D. [Astronomy Department, University of Michigan, 941 Dennison Bldg., Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1090 (United States); Oppenheimer, Ben R.; Brenner, Douglas; Sivaramakrishnan, Anand [Astrophysics Department, American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West at 79th Street, New York, NY 10024 (United States); Roberts, Lewis C. Jr; Zhao Ming; Vasisht, Gautam; Pueyo, Laurent [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, 4800 Oak Grove Dr., Pasadena, CA 91109 (United States); Ireland, Michael [School of Physics, University of Sydney, NSW 2006 (Australia); Zimmerman, Neil [Department of Astronomy, Columbia University, 550 West 120th Street, New York, NY 10027 (United States); Parry, Ian R. [Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA (United Kingdom); Martinache, Frantz [National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, Subaru Telescope, Hilo, HI 96720 (United States); Lai, Olivier [CFHT Corp., 65-1238 Mamalahoa Hwy., Kamuela, HI 96743 (United States); Soummer, Remi [STScI, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Beichman, Charles [NASA Exoplanet Science Institute, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Lloyd, James P.; Bernat, David [Department of Astronomy, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 (United States)

2011-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

465

Rotating machinery dynamics simulation. I. Rigid systems with ball bearing nonlinearities and outer ring ovality under rotating unbalance excitation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The radial clearance in rolling bearing systems required to compensate for dimensional changes associated with thermal expansion of the various parts during operation may cause dimensional attrition and comprise bearing life if unloaded operation occurs and balls skid [D. Childs and D. Moyer ASME J. Eng. Gas Turb. Power 107 152–159 (1985)]. Also it can cause jumps in the response to unbalance excitation. These undesirable effects may be eliminated by introducing two or more loops into one of the bearing races so that at least two points of the ring circumference provide a positive zero clearance [D. Childs Handbook of Rotordynamics edited by F. Ehrich (McGraw-Hill NY 1992)]. The deviation of the outer ring with two loops known as ovality is one of the bearing distributed defects. Although this class of imperfections has received much work none of the available studies has simulated the effect of the outer ring ovality on the dynamic behavior of rotating machinery under rotating unbalance with consideration of ball bearing nonlinearities shaft elasticity and speed of rotation. To fill this gap the equations of motion of a rotor–ball bearing system are formulated using finite-elements (FE) discretization and Lagrange’s equations. The analyses are specialized to a rigid-rotor system by retaining the rigid body modes only in the FE solution. Samples of the results are presented in both time domain and frequency domain for a system with and without outer ring ovality. It is found that with ideal bearings (no ovality) the vibration spectrum is qualitatively and quantitatively the same in both the horizontal and vertical directions. When the ring ovality is introduced however the spectrum in both orthogonal planes is no longer similar. And magnitude of the bearing load has increased in the form of repeated random impacts between balls and rings in the horizontal direction (direction of maximum clearance) compared to a continuous contact along the vertical direction (direction of positive zero clearance). This underlines the importance of the vibration measuring probe’s direction with respect to the outer ring axes to capture impact-induced vibrations. Moreover when the harmonic excitation is increased for a system with ideal bearings the spectral peaks above forcing frequency have shifted to a higher-frequency region indicating some sort of a hard spring mechanism inherent in the system. Another observation is that for the same external excitation vibration amplitude at forcing frequency in the bearing force spectrum is the same for systems with or without outer ring ovality.

Fawzi M. A. El-Saeidy

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

HYSTERESIS IN A ROTATING DIFFERENTIALLY HEATED SPHERICAL SHELL OF BOUSSINESQ FLUID  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

HYSTERESIS IN A ROTATING DIFFERENTIALLY HEATED SPHERICAL SHELL OF BOUSSINESQ FLUID GREGORY M. LEWIS AND WILLIAM F. LANGFORD Abstract. A mathematical model of convection of a Boussinesq fluid, flow transitions, Boussinesq fluid, flow in a rotating spherical shell, numerical computation, large

Lewis, Greg

467

The Boussinesq approximation for flows with fast rotation or strong swirl Francisco Marques1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Boussinesq approximation for flows with fast rotation or strong swirl Francisco Marques1, thus avoiding issues asso- ciated with acoustic waves. The classical approach is the Boussinesq. In problems where a distinguished rotating frame of reference is readily identified, Boussinesq

Lopez, John M.

468

Clockwise rotation of the Brahmaputra Valley relative to India: Tectonic convergence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Clockwise rotation of the Brahmaputra Valley relative to India: Tectonic convergence in the eastern, Bangalore, India Abstract GPS data reveal that the Brahmaputra Valley has broken from the Indian Plate and rotates clockwise relative to India about a point a few hundred kilometers west of the Shillong Plateau

Demouchy, Sylvie

469

Rotation Angle for the Optimum Tracking of One-Axis Trackers  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An equation for the rotation angle for optimum tracking of one-axis trackers is derived along with equations giving the relationships between the rotation angle and the surface tilt and azimuth angles. These equations are useful for improved modeling of the solar radiation available to a collector with tracking constraints and for determining the appropriate motor revolutions for optimum tracking.

Marion, W. F.; Dobos, A. P.

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Effect on plasma rotation of lower hybrid (LH) waves in Alcator C-Mod  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The injection of LH waves for current drive into a tokamak changes the ion toroidal rotation. In Alcator C-Mod, the direction of the steady state rotation change due to LH waves depends on the plasma current and the density. The change in rotation can be estimated by balancing the external torque of lower hybrid waves with the turbulent radial transport of the momentum. For high plasma current, the turbulent pinch and diffusion of the injected counter-current momentum are sufficient to explain the rotation change. However, for low plasma current, the change in the the intrinsic momentum transport (residual stress) for a non-rotating state is required to explain the co-current rotation change. Accordingly, we investigate the intrinsic momentum transport for the non-rotating state when diamagnetic flow and ExB flow cancel each other. The change in the intrinsic momentum transport due to lower hybrid waves is significant when the plasma current is low, which may explain the rotation reversal for low plasma current. The effect of changed q (safety factor) profile by lower hybrid on the intrinsic momentum transport is estimated by gyrokinetics.

Lee, J. P.; Barnes, M.; Parker, R. R.; Rice, J. E.; Parra, F. I.; Bonoli, P. T.; Reinke, M. L. [Plasma Science and Fusion Center, MIT, Cambridge, MA (United States)

2014-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

471

Observations of rotating jets of carbon monoxide in comet Hale-Bopp with the IRAM interferometer  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Observations of rotating jets of carbon monoxide in comet Hale-Bopp with the IRAM interferometer;eres, France Abstract. CO was observed on March 11, 1997 in comet Hale-Bopp with the IRAM Plateau de for parent molecules. We have developed a 3-D model simulating rotating spiral jets of CO gas. We present

Demoulin, Pascal

472

LeBonheur Children's Hospital/Aesthetic Surgery Plastic Surgery Rotation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LeBonheur Children's Hospital/Aesthetic Surgery Plastic Surgery Rotation PGY-7 (2nd year Resident) By the end of the Plastic Surgery Rotation at LeBonheur Children's Hospital and Aesthetic Surgery, the PGY-7 with the following conditions needing plastic surgery including but not limited to: · Mammary ptosis. mammary

Cui, Yan

473

ON THE STABILITY OF ROTATING MHD FLOWS MARTY PH, MARTIN WITKOWSKI L,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ON THE STABILITY OF ROTATING MHD FLOWS MARTY PH, MARTIN WITKOWSKI L, TROMBETTA P AND TOMASINO situation. The results allow to determine the hydrodynamic stability diagram as a function of the magnetic instabilities can be damped by the use of a RMF. #12;STABILITY OF ROTATING MHD FLOWS 329 2. Mathematical model j

Witkowski, Laurent Martin

474

Degree-2 harmonics of the Earth's mass load estimated from GPS and Earth rotation data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Degree-2 harmonics of the Earth's mass load estimated from GPS and Earth rotation data Richard S the global network of GPS receivers. Here, the degree-2 mass load coefficients determined from GPS data harmonics of the Earth's mass load estimated from GPS and Earth rotation data, Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L

Blewitt, Geoffrey

475

The effect of diamagnetic flows on turbulent driven ion toroidal rotation  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Turbulent momentum redistribution determines the radial profile of rotation in a tokamak. The momentum transport driven by diamagnetic flow effects is an important piece of the radial momentum transport for sub-sonic rotation, which is often observed in experiments. In a non-rotating state, the diamagnetic flow and the E × B flow must cancel. The diamagnetic flow and the E × B flow have different effects on the turbulent momentum flux, and this difference in behavior induces intrinsic rotation. The momentum flux is evaluated using gyrokinetic equations that are corrected to higher order in the ratio of the poloidal Larmor radius to the minor radius, which requires evaluation of the diamagnetic corrections to Maxwellian equilibria. To study the momentum transport due to diamagnetic flow effects, three experimental observations of ion rotation are examined. First, a strong pressure gradient at the plasma edge is shown to result in a significant inward momentum transport due to the diamagnetic effect, which may explain the observed peaking of rotation in a high confinement mode. Second, the direction of momentum transport is shown to change as collisionality increases, which is qualitatively consistent with the observed reversal of intrinsic rotation by varying plasma density and current. Last, the dependence of the intrinsic momentum flux on the magnetic shear is found, and it may explain the observed rotation changes in the presence of lower hybrid current drive.

Lee, J. P. [Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, New York University, New York, New York 10003 (United States)] [Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, New York University, New York, New York 10003 (United States); Barnes, M. [Institute for Fusion Studies, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States)] [Institute for Fusion Studies, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States); Parra, F. I. [Rudolf Peierls Centre for Theoretical Physics, Oxford University, Oxford OX1 3NP (United Kingdom)] [Rudolf Peierls Centre for Theoretical Physics, Oxford University, Oxford OX1 3NP (United Kingdom); Belli, E. A.; Candy, J. [General Atomics, San Diego, California 92121 (United States)] [General Atomics, San Diego, California 92121 (United States)

2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

476

EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATIONS ON THE DESIGN OF A DUCTED COUNTER-ROTATING AXIAL FLOW FANS SYSTEM  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

[] Number of blades FR [] Front rotor R [mm] Blade radius RR [] Rear rotor CRS [] Counter-rotating system W to a conventional rotor or to a rotor-stator stage. The study of the variation of the rotation rates ratio show of the axial distance be- tween rotors does not seem to change the overall per- formances. This system has thus

Boyer, Edmond

477

Single-ended counter-rotating radial turbine for space application  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A single-ended turbine with counter-rotating blades operating with sodium as the working fluid. The single-ended, counter-rotating feature of the turbine results in zero torque application to a space platform. Thus, maneuvering of the platform is not adversely affected by the turbine. 4 figs.

Coomes, E.P.; Wilson, D.G.; Webb, B.J.; McCabe, S.J.

1987-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

478

Improved Enantioselective Synthesis of (?)-Linderol A: Hindered Rotation about Aryl?Csp3 Bond  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Improved Enantioselective Synthesis of (?)-Linderol A: Hindered Rotation about Aryl?Csp3 Bond ... (11) In general, Ar?Csp3 bonds have very low rotation barriers. ... Atropisomerism about Aryl–Csp3 Bonds: The Electronic and Steric Influence of ortho-Substituents on Conformational Exchange in Cannabidiol and Linderatin Derivatives ...

Pierre-Olivier Delaye; Pedro Lameiras; Nelly Kervarec; Catherine Mirand; Hatice Berber

2010-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

479

Rotation estimation for a satellite from Sun sensors Lionel Magnis Nicolas Petit  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of the angle of incidence of solar radiation, the output signal of a Sun sensor is, roughly speaking, a cosineRotation estimation for a satellite from Sun sensors Lionel Magnis Nicolas Petit Abstract-- We develop a method to reconstruct the rotation motion of a satellite from Sun sensor measurements. Mathe

480

Unsynchronized Translational and Rotational Diffusion of Nanocargo on a Living Cell Membrane  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A robust high-speed and high-precision single nanoparticle translational and rotational tracking method has been developed to directly monitor the interactions between transferrin-modified nanocargos (gold nanorods) and the membrane proteins prior to endocytosis. This approach shows that the translational and rotational diffusions of nanocargos on living cell membranes are unsynchronized in space and in time.

Xiao, Lehui; Wei, Lin; Liu, Chang; He, Yan; Yeung, Edward

2012-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rotating shadowband radiometers" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Dynamics of Single-Molecule Rotations on Surfaces that Depend on Symmetry, Interactions, and Molecular Sizes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dynamics of Single-Molecule Rotations on Surfaces that Depend on Symmetry, Interactions new nanoscale devices and materials. However, mechanisms of motion of these rotors at the single-molecule dynamics simulations and simple models to investigate what factors influence single-molecule rotations

482

Bubble Pinch-Off in a Rotating Flow Raymond Bergmann,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Bubble Pinch-Off in a Rotating Flow Raymond Bergmann,1 Anders Andersen,1 Devaraj van der Meer,2 December 2008; revised manuscript received 12 March 2009; published 22 May 2009) We create air bubbles of the needlelike surface dip is unstable at high rotation rates and releases bubbles which are carried down

483

NEUTRON SCATTERING STUDY OF METHYL GROUP ROTATION IN SOLID PARA-AZOXYANISOLE (PAA)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

587 NEUTRON SCATTERING STUDY OF METHYL GROUP ROTATION IN SOLID PARA-AZOXYANISOLE (PAA) H. HERVET diffusion incohérente de neutrons, que dans le PAA solide les groupes méthyle sont animés d'un mouvement de that the methyl groups in solid PAA undergo random rotational motion around their three-fold axis

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

484

Toroidal Plasma Rotation in the Princeton Large Torus Induced by Neutral-Beam Injection  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Toroidal plasma rotation, generated by toroidally unbalanced neutral-beam injection into the Princeton Large Torus, has been measured by Doppler shifts of several atomic spectral lines. These measurements produce the time evolution and spatial distribution of the rotation from which a momentum confinement time, comparable to the ion energy confinement time, is deduced.

S. Suckewer; H. P. Eubank; R. J. Goldston; E. Hinnov; N. R. Sauthoff

1979-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

485

Establishment phase greenhouse gas emissions in short rotation woody biomass plantations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-rotation woody bio- energy crops (SRWC), specifically hybrid-poplar (Populus spp.) and willow (Salix spp.), being to short-rotation woody biomass crops (SRWC) for bioenergy in the Northern U.S. Lake States. GHG debts in time since last cultivation: 5 vs. 42 years. To address the short-term effects of plantation

Turner, Monica G.

486

Control of molecular rotation with a chiral train of ultrashort pulses  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Trains of ultrashort laser pulses separated by the time of rotational revival (typically, tens of picoseconds) have been exploited for creating ensembles of aligned molecules. In this work we introduce a chiral pulse train - a sequence of linearly polarized pulses with the polarization direction rotating from pulse to pulse by a controllable angle. The chirality of such a train, expressed through the period and direction of its polarization rotation, is used as a new control parameter for achieving selectivity and directionality of laser-induced rotational excitation. The method employs chiral trains with a large number of pulses separated on the time scale much shorter than the rotational revival (a few hundred femtosecond), enabling the use of conventional pulse shapers.

S. Zhdanovich; A. A. Milner; C. Bloomquist; J. Floß; I. Sh. Averbukh; J. W. Hepburn; V. Milner

2011-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

487

A review of what numerical simulations tell us about the internal rotation of the sun  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The simulated solar differential rotation from two independent numerical modeling efforts agree with each other and with present solar observations. The models solve the nonlinear, three-dimensional, time-dependent, anelastic equations of motion for thermal convection in a stratified, rotating, spherical shell. The simulated angular velocity in the convection zone is constant on cylinders coaxial with the rotation axis, maximum at the equator and decreasing with depth. The latitudinal variation of this angular velocity at the surface is in agreement with Doppler measurements of the solar surface rotation rate. The radial variation through the convection zone is consistent with the analysis of the rotational frequency splitting of solar oscillations. 15 refs., 5 figs.

Glatzmaier, G.A.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

SIMULATED FARADAY ROTATION MEASURES TOWARD HIGH GALACTIC LATITUDES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We study the Faraday rotation measure (RM) due to the Galactic magnetic field (GMF) toward high Galactic latitudes. The RM arises from the global, regular component as well as from the turbulent, random component of the GMF. We model the former based on observations and the latter using the data of magnetohydrodynamic turbulence simulations. For a large number of different GMF models, we produce mock RM maps around the Galactic poles and calculate various statistical quantities with the RM maps. We find that the observed medians of RMs toward the north and south Galactic poles, {approx}0.0 {+-} 0.5 rad m{sup -2} and {approx} + 6.3 {+-} 0.5 rad m{sup -2}, are difficult to explain with any of our many alternate GMF models. The standard deviation of observed RMs, {approx}9 rad m{sup -2}, is clearly larger than that of simulated RMs. The second-order structure function of observed RMs is substantially larger than that of simulated RMs, especially at small angular scales. We discuss other possible contributions to RM toward high Galactic latitudes. Besides observational errors and the intrinsic RM of background radio sources against which RM is observed, we suggest that the RM due to the intergalactic magnetic field may account for a substantial fraction of the observed RM. Finally, we note that reproducing the observed medians may require additional components or/and structures of the GMF that are not present in our models.

Akahori, Takuya; Kim, Jongsoo [Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute, Daedeokdaero 776, Yuseong-Gu, Daejeon 305-348 (Korea, Republic of); Ryu, Dongsu [Department of Astronomy and Space Science, Chungnam National University, Daejeon 305-764 (Korea, Republic of); Gaensler, B. M., E-mail: jskim@kasi.re.kr, E-mail: akahori@physics.usyd.edu.au, E-mail: bryan.gaensler@sydney.edu.au, E-mail: ryu@canopus.cnu.ac.kr [Sydney Institute for Astronomy, School of Physics, University of Sydney, NSW 2006 (Australia)

2013-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

489

Three-dimensional airfoil performance measurements on a rotating wing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The objective of this comprehensive research program was to study the effects of horizontal-axis wind turbine (HAWT) blade rotation on aerodynamic behavior below, near, and beyond stall. This paper describes the flow angle sensor used to measure angle of attack (AOA) and how the sensor was calibrated, and it gives results of pressure integrations on the blade. Aerodynamic, load, flow-visualization, and inflow measurements were made on a 10-m, three-bladed, downwind HAWT. A video camera was mounted on the rotor to record video images of tufts attached to the low-pressure side of a constant-chord, zero-twist blade. Load measurements were made using strain gages mounted every 10% of the blade's span. Pressure taps were located at 32 chordwise positions and revealed pressure distributions comparable with wind tunnel data. Inflow was measured using a vertical-plane array of eight propvane and five triaxial (U-V-W) prop-type anemometers located 10 m upwind in the predominant wind direction. Results show evidence of stall hysteresis and unsteadiness at high AOA. Correlations with analytical predictions and wind tunnel tests show good agreement at low AOA and poor agreement at high AOA. 7 refs., 12 figs.

Butterfield, C.P.

1989-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Teleparallel Energy-Momentum Distribution of Locally Rotationally Symmetric Spacetimes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper, we explore the energy-momentum distribution of locally rotationally symmetric (LRS) spacetimes in the context of the teleparallel theory of gravity by considering the three metrics, I, II and III, representing the whole class of LRS sapcetimes. In this regard, we use the teleparallel versions of the Einstein, Landau-Lifshitz, Bergmann-Thomson, and M$\\ddot{o}$ller prescriptions. The results show that the momentum density components for the Einstein, Bergmann-Thomson, and M$\\ddot{o}$ller prescriptions turn out to be same in all cases of the metrics I, II and III, but are different from those of the Landau- Lifshitz prescription, while the energy components remain the same for these three prescriptions only in all possible cases of the metrics I and II. We mention here that the M$\\ddot{o}$ller energy-momentum distribution is independent of the coupling constant $\\lambda$; that is, these results are valid for any teleparallel models.

Amir, M Jamil

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Observation of magnetic rotation in odd-odd Ag104  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The high spin level structure of Ag104 has been extended to I?=20+ and excitation energy of 7.159MeV through the discrete line ?-ray spectroscopy. The negative parity ground state band has been confirmed and extended to I?=18?. Two new nonyrast dipole bands, one with positive and the other with negative parity, have been observed. The parities of the two bands have been established through polarization directional correlation measurement of the feed-out transitions from these bands. The level lifetimes have been measured in the ground state band and the positive parity dipole band. The measured total angular momenta and the B(M1) rates have been compared with the predictions of hybrid version of the tilted axis cranking. The B(M1) rates have also been compared with the values obtained from Dönau’s geometric formula. The tilted axis calculations give good overall agreement which suggests that all the three bands of Ag104 exhibits magnetic rotation.

P. Datta; S. Chattopadhyay; P. Banerjee; S. Bhattacharya; B. Dasmahapatra; T. K. Ghosh; A. Goswami; S. Pal; M. Saha Sarkar; S. Sen; H. C. Jain; P. K. Joshi; Amita

2004-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

492

NON-ZEEMAN CIRCULAR POLARIZATION OF MOLECULAR ROTATIONAL SPECTRAL LINES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present measurements of circular polarization from rotational spectral lines of molecular species in Orion KL, most notably {sup 12}CO (J = 2 {yields} 1), obtained at the Caltech Submillimeter Observatory with the Four-Stokes-Parameter Spectral Line Polarimeter. We find levels of polarization of up to 1%-2% in general; for {sup 12}CO (J = 2 {yields} 1) this level is comparable to that of linear polarization also measured for that line. We present a physical model based on resonant scattering in an attempt to explain our observations. We discuss how slight differences in scattering amplitudes for radiation polarized parallel and perpendicular to the ambient magnetic field, responsible for the alignment of the scattering molecules, can lead to the observed circular polarization. We also show that the effect is proportional to the square of the magnitude of the plane of the sky component of the magnetic field and therefore opens up the possibility of measuring this parameter from circular polarization measurements of Zeeman insensitive molecules.

Houde, Martin; Jones, Scott; Rajabi, Fereshte [Department of Physics and Astronomy, The University of Western Ontario, London, ON, N6A 3K7 (Canada)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, The University of Western Ontario, London, ON, N6A 3K7 (Canada); Hezareh, Talayeh [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Radioastronomie, Auf dem Huegel 69, D-53121 Bonn (Germany)] [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Radioastronomie, Auf dem Huegel 69, D-53121 Bonn (Germany)

2013-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

493