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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "roofs siding water" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Improving the System Life of Basic Oxygen and Electric Arc Furnace Hoods, Roofs, and Side Vents  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This factsheet describes the benefits of a high-performance aluminum bronze alloy to basic oxygen furnace and electric arc furnace components such as hoods, roofs, and side vents.

2

Sensitivity of Low Sloped Roofs Designs to Initial Water and Air Leakage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.Sc. Research Scientist VTT, Espoo, Finland Andre Desjarlais. B.Sc.E Program Manager, Oak Ridge National Laboratory 1 Bethel Valley Rd, Oak Ridge TN, 37831-6070 ABSTRACT Liquid water in low sloped roofs almost always causes problems... roofs in Finland (area varying from 200 m2 up to 5 000 m2). A laboratory hot box apparatus (Kouhia and Nieminen, 1999) was also used to further quantify the performance of the grooved roof ventilation system and to show the thermal consequences...

Karagiozis, A.; Desjarlais, A.; Salonvaara, M.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Side by Side Testing of Water Heating Systems  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Florida Florida A Research Institute of the University of Central Florida Side by Side Testing of Water Heating Systems Residential Energy Efficiency Stakeholder Meeting Austin , Texas March 1st, 2012 Carlos J. Colon carlos@fsec.ucf.edu FLORIDA SOLAR ENERGY CENTER - A Research Institute of the University of Central Florida Hot Water Systems (HWS) Laboratory FSEC Cocoa, Florida 3 2009 -Present (Currently in third testing rotation) FLORIDA SOLAR ENERGY CENTER - A Research Institute of the University of Central Florida Underground Circulation Loop * Solar circulation Loop 140+ feet of ½" copper tubing * Encased in PVC tubing with R-2.4 insulation * ICS to 50 gallon storage tank path need to

4

Aluminum Bronze Alloys to Improve the System Life of Basic Oxygen and Electric Arc Furnace Hoods, Roofs and Side Vents.  

SciTech Connect

Energy Industries of Ohio was the lead organization for a consortium that examined the current situation involving the service life of electric arc and basic oxygen furnace hoods, roofs and side vents. Republic Engineered Products (REP), one of the project partners, installed a full-scale Al-Bronze “skirt” in their BOF at their Lorain OH facility, believed to be the first such installation of this alloy in this service. In 24 months of operation, the Al-Bronze skirt has processed a total of 4,563 heats, requiring only 2 shutdowns for maintenance, both related to physical damage to the skirt from operational mishaps. Yearly energy savings related to the REP facility are projected to be ~ 10 billion Btu's with significant additional environmental and productivity benefits. In recognition of the excellent results, this project was selected as the winner of the Ohio’s 2006 Governor’s Award for Excellence in Energy, the state’s award for outstanding achievements in energy efficiency.

Lawrence C. Boyd Jr.; Dr. Vinod K. Sikka

2006-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

5

Roof Renovations | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Roof Renovations Roof Renovations Roof Renovations October 16, 2013 - 4:58pm Addthis The roof of a Federal building is a common placement for a number of renewable energy technologies, so they should be addressed anytime a roof renovation is undertaken, including roof-mounted photovoltaics (PV) and solar hot water (SHW) systems that consider structural loads, accessible wiring/plumbing, and available roof space; daylighting, including skylights, clerestories, and solar tubes; and energy-efficient roofing technologies such as vegetative roofs. Renewable Energy Options for Building Envelope Renovations Daylighting Photovoltaics Solar Water Heating (SWH) In a Federal building renovation, a variety of equipment may vie for roof space. Decisions about using roof space should involve a range of

6

Green Roof Water Harvesting and Recycling Effects on Soil and Water Chemistry and Plant Physiology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

lost must eventually be replaced, leading to increased maintenance costs. A growing medium that holds its structure and does not lose much organic matter through time is desirable. Media loss should be minimized to keep runoff pollution from the roof... to a minimum (Aitkenhead-Peterson et al. 2011a; Gregoire and Clausen 2011). Sediments that leave a green roof can contain pollutants and nutrients along with it thereby adding to the nutrient and pollutant load (U.S.EPA 2011). Plant species...

Laminack, Kirk Dickison

2014-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

7

White Roofs  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Secretary Steven Chu discusses the benefits of switching to white roofs and light colored pavements.

Chu, Steven

2013-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

8

Side-by-Side Testing of Water Heating Systems: Results from the 2009-2010 Evaluation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The performance of seven differing types of residential water heating systems was compared in a side-by-side test configuration over a full year period. The Hot Water System Laboratory (HWS Lab) test facility at the Florida Solar Energy Center (FSEC) in Cocoa, FL was used for the tests.

9

Improved roof stabilization technologies  

SciTech Connect

Decontamination and decommissioning (D and D) activities require that personnel have access to all areas of structures, some of which are more than 40 years old. In many cases, these structures have remained in a standby condition for up to 10 years; few preventative maintenance activities have been performed on them because of lack of funding or a defined future plan of action. This situation has led to deteriorated building conditions, resulting in potential personnel safety hazards. In addition, leaky roofs allow water to enter the buildings, which can cause the spread of contamination and increase building deterioration, worsening the already unsafe working conditions. To ensure worker safety and facilitate building dismantlement, the assessment of roof stabilization techniques applicable to US Department of Energy (DOE) structures has become an important issue. During Fiscal year 1997 (FY97), a comprehensive reliability-based model for the structural stabilization analysis of roof system in complex structures was developed. The model consists of three major components: a material testing method, a deterministic structural computer model, and a reliability-based optimization, and probabilistic analyses of roof structures can be implemented. Given site-specific needs, this model recommends the most appropriate roof stabilization system. This model will give not only an accurate evaluation of the existing roof system in complex structures, but it will also be a reliable method to aid the decision-making process. This final report includes in its appendix a Users` Manual for the Program of Deterministic and Reliability Analysis of Roof Structures.

Ebadian, M.A.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

SolarRoofs com | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

navigation, search Name: SolarRoofs.com Place: Carmichael, California Zip: 95608 Sector: Solar Product: California-based manufacturer of the patented Skyline solar water heating...

11

Cool Roof Colored Materials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cool Roof Colored Materials Cool Roof Colored Materials Speaker(s): Hashem Akbari Date: May 29, 2003 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Raising roof reflectivity from an existing 10-20% to about 60% can reduce cooling-energy use in buildings in excess of 20%. Cool roofs also result in a lower ambient temperature that further decreases the need for air conditioning and retards smog formation. Reflective roofing products currently available in the market are typically used for low-sloped roofs. For the residential buildings with steep-sloped roofs, non-white (colored) cool roofing products are generally not available and most consumers prefer colors other than white. In this collaborative project LBNL and ORNL are working with the roofing industry to develop and produce reflective, colored roofing products and make yhrm a market reality within three to

12

List of Siding Incentives | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Siding Incentives Siding Incentives Jump to: navigation, search The following contains the list of 45 Siding Incentives. CSV (rows 1 - 45) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active Anaheim Public Utilities - Commercial & Industrial New Construction Rebate Program Utility Rebate Program California Commercial Industrial Institutional Boilers Building Insulation Caulking/Weather-stripping Central Air conditioners Chillers Comprehensive Measures/Whole Building Compressed air Duct/Air sealing Energy Mgmt. Systems/Building Controls Equipment Insulation Furnaces Heat pumps Heat recovery Lighting Lighting Controls/Sensors Motor VFDs Motors Processing and Manufacturing Equipment Roofs Siding Water Heaters Windows Yes Anaheim Public Utilities - Green Building Rebate Program (California) Utility Rebate Program California Commercial

13

Improving Our Environment One Roof at a Time | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Improving Our Environment One Roof at a Time Improving Our Environment One Roof at a Time Improving Our Environment One Roof at a Time June 27, 2013 - 12:10pm Addthis Improving Our Environment One Roof at a Time How does it work? Green roofs are ideal for urban buildings with flat or shallow-pit roofs, and can include anything from basic plant cover to a garden. The primary reasons for using this type of roof include managing storm water and enjoying a rooftop open space. Green roofs also provide insulation, lower the need for heating and cooling, and can reduce the urban heat island effect. This roof type can be much more expensive to implement than other efficient roof options, so you should carefully assess your property and consult a professional before deciding to install a green roof. Click here for more information on energy-efficient roofs

14

Improving Our Environment One Roof at a Time | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Improving Our Environment One Roof at a Time Improving Our Environment One Roof at a Time Improving Our Environment One Roof at a Time June 27, 2013 - 12:10pm Addthis Improving Our Environment One Roof at a Time How does it work? Green roofs are ideal for urban buildings with flat or shallow-pit roofs, and can include anything from basic plant cover to a garden. The primary reasons for using this type of roof include managing storm water and enjoying a rooftop open space. Green roofs also provide insulation, lower the need for heating and cooling, and can reduce the urban heat island effect. This roof type can be much more expensive to implement than other efficient roof options, so you should carefully assess your property and consult a professional before deciding to install a green roof. Click here for more information on energy-efficient roofs

15

Cost-Efficiency in Water Management Through Demand Side Management and Integrated Planning  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the context of regional planning for efficient management of water and wastewater, it is crucial ... situation. This consists of measures for water demand side management, comparison of different scenarios of ...

Dr. Ing. Ralf Otterpohl

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

The analysis of water use and water status of plants in a fluid-roof solar greenhouse  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CZ CL O CL CA Q (U ~o I? fD CL CC LLI C3 C7 0 6 12 18 T I HE QF DRY (HRS1 24 Figure 6. Measured (symbols/line) and predicted (solid -l line) hourly values for evapotranspiration in mm hr as a function of time of day. (day 51, l980... (symbols/line) and predicted (solid line) average hourly values for leaf water potential in kPa, as a function of time of day. (day 51, 1980) O O CU &o Q coj 'I CZ ~O I O z (Q I IJJ I? ~O O LLI CZ ~O O LL O CL I O O PJ I O O 6 l2 18...

Heathman, Gary Claude

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

17

Roofing Moisture Tolerance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Moisture Control in Low-Slope Roofing: Moisture Control in Low-Slope Roofing: A New Design Requirement A.O. Desjarlais and J.E. Christian, Oak Ridge National Laboratory N. A. Byars, University of North Carolina Charlotte This calculator performs the calculations described in Moisture Control in Low-Slope Roofing: A New Design Requirement. This calculator allows the roofing practitioner to determine if a roofing system design requires a vapor retarder or if the system can be modified to enhance its tolerance for small leaks. To use the calculator, simply supply the following information and click on the "Check Roof" button at the bottom of the form. Insulation Type and Thickness (in inches): Fiberboard Polyisocyanurate 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 Layer 1 None Fiberboard Polyisocyanurate 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 Layer 2

18

Would You Consider Installing a Cool Roof? | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Would You Consider Installing a Cool Roof? Would You Consider Installing a Cool Roof? Would You Consider Installing a Cool Roof? August 12, 2010 - 7:30am Addthis On Monday, Erin discussed cool roof technologies and how they can improve the comfort of buildings while reducing energy costs. Would you consider installing a cool roof? Why or why not? Each Thursday, you have the chance to share your thoughts on a question about energy efficiency or renewable energy for consumers. Please comment with your answers, and also feel free to respond to other comments. E-mail your responses to the Energy Saver team at consumer.webmaster@nrel.gov. Addthis Related Articles Would You Consider Driving a Vehicle that Can Run on Biodiesel? Would You Consider Installing a Cool Roof? Tips: Energy-Efficient Roofs How Do You Save Water When Caring for Your Lawn?

19

Turquoise Roof Bridge  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...an old term used in Tibet for a family that thrived in turquoise trade during the eighth century whose name meant Turquoise Roof, because the house of this family was near a bridge in Lhasa called Turquoise Ro...

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Cool Roofs | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cool Roofs Cool Roofs Cool Roofs July 26, 2013 - 10:36am Addthis White painted roofs have been popular since ancient times in places like Greece. Similar technology can be easy to adapt to modern homes and other buildings. | Credit: ©iStockphoto/PhotoTalk White painted roofs have been popular since ancient times in places like Greece. Similar technology can be easy to adapt to modern homes and other buildings. | Credit: ©iStockphoto/PhotoTalk If you live in a hot climate, a cool roof can: Save you money on air conditioning Make your home more comfortable in hot weather How does it work? By making your roof more reflective, you reduce heat gain into your home. Check out these resources for more information. A cool roof is one that has been designed to reflect more sunlight and

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "roofs siding water" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Maui County - Solar Roofs Initiative Loan Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Maui County - Solar Roofs Initiative Loan Program Maui County - Solar Roofs Initiative Loan Program Maui County - Solar Roofs Initiative Loan Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Solar Water Heating Program Info State Hawaii Program Type Local Loan Program Rebate Amount Zero-interest loans Provider Maui Electric Company, LTD In September 2002, Maui Electric Company (MECO) and the County of Maui teamed up to launch the Maui Solar Roofs Initiative to increase the use of renewable energy in Maui County. MECO administers the loan program and, through the Hawaii Energy Program, offers a $750 rebate for installations through its approved independent solar contractors. Residential homeowners with existing electric water heaters are eligible and must provide a down payment equal to 35% of the system cost after

22

Energy saving potential of various roof technologies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Unconventional roof technologies such as cool roofs and green roofs have been shown to reduce building heating and cooling load. Although previous studies suggest potential for energy savings through such technologies, ...

Ray, Stephen D. (Stephen Douglas)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Solar Roof Cooling by Evaporation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is generally recognized that as much as 60% of the air conditioning load in a building is generated by solar heat from the roof. This paper on SOLAR ROOF COOLING BY EVAPORATION is presented in slide form, tracing the history of 'nature's way...

Patterson, G. V.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Metal Roofing Alliance (MRA) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Metal Roofing Alliance (MRA) Jump to: navigation, search Name: Metal Roofing Alliance (MRA) Place: Belfair, WA Information About Partnership with NREL Partnership with NREL Yes...

25

Comparison of Software Models for Energy Savings from Cool Roofs  

SciTech Connect

A web-based Roof Savings Calculator (RSC) has been deployed for the United States Department of Energy as an industry-consensus tool to help building owners, manufacturers, distributors, contractors and researchers easily run complex roof and attic simulations. This tool employs modern web technologies, usability design, and national average defaults as an interface to annual simulations of hour-by-hour, whole-building performance using the world-class simulation tools DOE-2.1E and AtticSim in order to provide estimated annual energy and cost savings. In addition to cool reflective roofs, RSC simulates multiple roof and attic configurations including different roof slopes, above sheathing ventilation, radiant barriers, low-emittance roof surfaces, duct location, duct leakage rates, multiple substrate types, and insulation levels. A base case and energy-efficient alternative can be compared side-by-side to estimate monthly energy. RSC was benchmarked against field data from demonstration homes in Ft. Irwin, California; while cooling savings were similar, heating penalty varied significantly across different simulation engines. RSC results reduce cool roofing cost-effectiveness thus mitigating expected economic incentives for this countermeasure to the urban heat island effect. This paper consolidates comparison of RSC s projected energy savings to other simulation engines including DOE-2.1E, AtticSim, Micropas, and EnergyPlus, and presents preliminary analyses. RSC s algorithms for capturing radiant heat transfer and duct interaction in the attic assembly are considered major contributing factors to increased cooling savings and heating penalties. Comparison to previous simulation-based studies, analysis on the force multiplier of RSC cooling savings and heating penalties, the role of radiative heat exchange in an attic assembly, and changes made for increased accuracy of the duct model are included.

New, Joshua Ryan [ORNL; Miller, William A [ORNL; Huang, Yu (Joe) [White Box Technologies; Levinson, Ronnen [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

One Panel One Roof, DOE Powering Solar Workforce | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

One Panel One Roof, DOE Powering Solar Workforce One Panel One Roof, DOE Powering Solar Workforce...

27

Rain on the Roof-Evaporative Spray Roof Cooling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper describes evaporative spray roof cooling systems, their components, performance and applications in various climates and building types. The evolution of this indirect evaporative cooling technique is discussed. Psychrometric and sol...

Bachman, L. R.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Carbon Sequestration Potential of Extensive Green Roofs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Two studies were conducted with the objective of quantifying the carbon storage potential of extensive green roofs. The first was performed on eight roofs in Michigan and four roofs in Maryland, ranging from 1 to 6 years in age. All 12 green roofs were ...

Kristin L. Getter; D. Bradley Rowe; G. Philip Robertson; Bert M. Cregg; Jeffrey A. Andresen

2009-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

29

Advanced Energy Efficient Roof System  

SciTech Connect

Energy consumption in buildings represents 40 percent of primary U.S. energy consumption, split almost equally between residential (22%) and commercial (18%) buildings.1 Space heating (31%) and cooling (12%) account for approximately 9 quadrillion Btu. Improvements in the building envelope can have a significant impact on reducing energy consumption. Thermal losses (or gains) from the roof make up 14 percent of the building component energy load. Infiltration through the building envelope, including the roof, accounts for an additional 28 percent of the heating loads and 16 percent of the cooling loads. These figures provide a strong incentive to develop and implement more energy efficient roof systems. The roof is perhaps the most challenging component of the building envelope to change for many reasons. The engineered roof truss, which has been around since 1956, is relatively low cost and is the industry standard. The roof has multiple functions. A typical wood frame home lasts a long time. Building codes vary across the country. Customer and trade acceptance of new building products and materials may impede market penetration. The energy savings of a new roof system must be balanced with other requirements such as first and life-cycle costs, durability, appearance, and ease of construction. Conventional residential roof construction utilizes closely spaced roof trusses supporting a layer of sheathing and roofing materials. Gypsum board is typically attached to the lower chord of the trusses forming the finished ceiling for the occupied space. Often in warmer climates, the HVAC system and ducts are placed in the unconditioned and otherwise unusable attic. High temperature differentials and leaky ducts result in thermal losses. Penetrations through the ceilings are notoriously difficult to seal and lead to moisture and air infiltration. These issues all contribute to greater energy use and have led builders to consider construction of a conditioned attic. The options considered to date are not ideal. One approach is to insulate between the trusses at the roof plane. The construction process is time consuming and costs more than conventional attic construction. Moreover, the problems of air infiltration and thermal bridges across the insulation remain. Another approach is to use structurally insulated panels (SIPs), but conventional SIPs are unlikely to be the ultimate solution because an additional underlying support structure is required except for short spans. In addition, wood spline and metal locking joints can result in thermal bridges and gaps in the foam. This study undertook a more innovative approach to roof construction. The goal was to design and evaluate a modular energy efficient panelized roof system with the following attributes: (1) a conditioned and clear attic space for HVAC equipment and additional finished area in the attic; (2) manufactured panels that provide structure, insulation, and accommodate a variety of roofing materials; (3) panels that require support only at the ends; (4) optimal energy performance by minimizing thermal bridging and air infiltration; (5) minimal risk of moisture problems; (6) minimum 50-year life; (7) applicable to a range of house styles, climates and conditions; (8) easy erection in the field; (9) the option to incorporate factory-installed solar systems into the panel; and (10) lowest possible cost. A nationwide market study shows there is a defined market opportunity for such a panelized roof system with production and semi-custom builders in the United States. Senior personnel at top builders expressed interest in the performance attributes and indicate long-term opportunity exists if the system can deliver a clear value proposition. Specifically, builders are interested in (1) reducing construction cycle time (cost) and (2) offering increased energy efficiency to the homebuyer. Additional living space under the roof panels is another low-cost asset identified as part of the study. The market potential is enhanced through construction activity levels in target marke

Jane Davidson

2008-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

30

Energy 101: Cool Roofs | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cool Roofs Cool Roofs Energy 101: Cool Roofs Addthis Below is the text version for the Energy 101: Cool Roofs video. The video opens with "Energy 101: Cool Roofs." This is followed by images of residential rooftops. Maybe you've never given much thought about what color your roof is, or what it's made of. But your roof could be costing you more money than you know to cool your home or office building, especially if you live in a warmer climate. The video shows pedestrians walking on a city street. Think about it this way... in the summertime we wear light-colored clothes because they keep us cooler. Lighter colors reflect - rather than absorb - the heat of the sun. The video shows images of a white roof. It's the same with your roof. A cool roof is often light in color and made

31

Cool Roofs: An Introduction | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cool Roofs: An Introduction Cool Roofs: An Introduction Cool Roofs: An Introduction August 9, 2010 - 4:43pm Addthis Erin R. Pierce Erin R. Pierce Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs Lately, I've been hearing a lot about cool roof technologies, so I welcomed the chance to learn more at a recent seminar. Cool roofs, also referred to as white roofs, have special coatings that reflect sunlight and emit heat more efficiently than traditional roofs, keeping them cooler in the sun. Cool roofing technologies can be implemented quickly and at a relatively low cost, making it the fastest growing sector of the building industry. U.S. Department of Energy Secretary Steven Chu is among the many cool roof enthusiasts. The Secretary recently announced plans to install cool roofs

32

Cool Roofs: An Introduction | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Roofs: An Introduction Roofs: An Introduction Cool Roofs: An Introduction August 9, 2010 - 4:43pm Addthis Erin R. Pierce Erin R. Pierce Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs Lately, I've been hearing a lot about cool roof technologies, so I welcomed the chance to learn more at a recent seminar. Cool roofs, also referred to as white roofs, have special coatings that reflect sunlight and emit heat more efficiently than traditional roofs, keeping them cooler in the sun. Cool roofing technologies can be implemented quickly and at a relatively low cost, making it the fastest growing sector of the building industry. U.S. Department of Energy Secretary Steven Chu is among the many cool roof enthusiasts. The Secretary recently announced plans to install cool roofs

33

Solar Roof Cooling by Evaporation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on 18' centers, supported on redwood effective method of reducing air-conditioning run blocks which completely cover the roof surface of time and dropping demand charge costs. the building. The piping is sized so as to deliver 25 PSI through... on 18' centers, supported on redwood effective method of reducing air-conditioning run blocks which completely cover the roof surface of time and dropping demand charge costs. the building. The piping is sized so as to deliver 25 PSI through...

Patterson, G. V.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Building America Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes: Application of Spray Foam Insulation Under Plywood and OSB Roof Sheathing (Fact Sheet)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This case study describes Building Science Corporation’s research into spray polyurethane foams in residential roofs, performing hygrothermal modeling of a range of rain water leakage scenarios and field evaluations of in-service residential roofs.

35

Microsoft PowerPoint - Cool Roofs_090804  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

for: for: Quarterly Facilities and Infrastructure Meeting Presented by: The Office of Engineering and Construction Management Content Excerpted From Presentation of: Bob Schmidt - NNSA Kansas City Plant Cool Roofs - An Overview August 4, 2009 2 *The terms "white roof" and "cool roof" are often mistakenly used interchangeably. A white roof is not necessarily a cool roof and a cool roof is not necessarily white. *"Cool Roofs" come in many style as defined by industry standard and can include: Metal Single ply Modified bitumen Acrylic coated White Roof vs. Cool Roof 3 Solar reflectance alone can significantly influence surface temperature, with the white stripe on the brick wall about 5 to 10° F (3-5° C) cooler than the surrounding, darker

36

Guidelines for Selecting Cool Roofs | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

and implement cool roof technologies. coolroofguide.pdf More Documents & Publications Green Roofs - Federal Technology Alert Microsoft PowerPoint - Cool Roofs090804 Accelerated...

37

Guidelines for Selecting Cool Roofs  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

BUILDING TECHNOLOGIES PROGRAM BUILDING TECHNOLOGIES PROGRAM Guidelines for Selecting Cool Roofs July 2010 V. 1.2 Prepared by the Fraunhofer Center for Sustainable Energy Systems for the U.S. Department of Energy Building Technologies Program and Oak Ridge National Laboratory under contract DE-AC05-00OR22725. Additional technical support provided by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and the Federal Energy Management Program. Authors: Bryan Urban and Kurt Roth, Ph.D. ii Table of Contents Introduction ..................................................................................................................................... 3 Why Use Cool Roofs .............................................................................................................. 3

38

Accelerated Aging of Roofing Surfaces  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Accelerated aging of roofing surfaces Accelerated aging of roofing surfaces Hugo Destaillats, Ph.D. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory HDestaillats@LBL.gov (510) 486-5897 http://HeatIsland.LBL.gov April 4, 2013 Development of Advanced Building Envelope Surface Materials & Integration of Artificial Soiling and Weathering in a Commercial Weatherometer New York Times, 30 July 2009 2010 2012 Challenge: speed the development of high performance building envelope materials that resist soiling, maintain high solar reflectance, and save energy 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov

39

One Cool Roof | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

One Cool Roof One Cool Roof One Cool Roof November 9, 2010 - 10:28am Addthis Deputy Director Salmon Deputy Director, Resource Management The Office of Science occupies many buildings around the country, but it owns only two of them. One of them is making some news. The 134,629 sq. ft. (about 3 acres) roof of the Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) building in Oak Ridge, Tennessee is now officially a "Cool Roof" -- making it energy efficient in ways that darker roofs are not. Cool roofs are light in color, and therefore, reflect rather than absorb sunlight. The previous roof was black, but worse, it was leaky and those leaks, controlled for years in some very innovative ways by the OSTI staff, were going to cause significant problems if not addressed. OSTI needed to invest

40

Energy 101: Cool Roofs | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cool Roofs Cool Roofs Energy 101: Cool Roofs Addthis Description This edition of Energy 101 takes a look at how switching to a cool roof can save you money and benefit the environment. Duration 2:17 Topic Tax Credits, Rebates, Savings Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Credit Energy Department Video MR. : Maybe you've never given much thought about what color your roof is or what it's made of, but your roof could be costing you more money than you know to cool your home or office building, especially if you live in a warmer climate. Think about it this way: In the summertime, we wear light-colored clothes because they keep us cooler. Lighter clothes reflect rather than absorb the heat of the sun. It's the same with your roof. A cool roof is

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "roofs siding water" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

SOLAR ROOF POWERS THE NJIT CAMPUS CENTER  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SOLAR ROOF POWERS THE NJIT CAMPUS CENTER THE SKY'S THE LIMIT: BERNADETTE MOKE SITS ON THE ROOF, ARE 160 SOLAR PANELS, SOME OF WHICH AUTOMATICALLY FOLLOW THE PATH OF THE SUN. 10 NJITMAGAZINE COVER STORY'S THE LIMIT: SOLAR ROOF POWERS THE NJIT CAMPUS CENTER "The solar panels even move a little at night," says

Bieber, Michael

42

Evaluation of Roof Bolting Requirements Based on In-Mine Roof Bolter Drilling  

SciTech Connect

Roof bolting is the most popular method for underground openings in the mining industry, especially in the bedded deposits such as coal. In fact, all U.S. underground coal mine entries are roof-bolted as required by law. However, roof falls still occur frequently in the roof bolted entries. The two possible reasons are: the lack of knowledge of and technology to detect the roof geological conditions in advance of mining, and lack of roof bolting design criteria for modern roof bolting systems. This research is to develop a method for predicting the roof geology and stability condition in real time during roof bolting operation. Based on this information, roof bolting design criteria for modern roof bolting systems will be developed for implementation in real time. For the prediction of roof geology and stability condition in real time, a micro processor was used and a program developed to monitor and record the drilling parameters of roof bolter. These parameters include feed pressure, feed flow (penetration rate), rotation pressure, rotation rate, vacuum pressure, oil temperature of hydraulic circuit, and signals for controlling machine. From the results of a series of laboratory and underground tests so far, feed pressure is found to be a good indicator for identifying the voids/fractures and estimating the roof rock strength. The method for determining quantitatively the location and the size of void/fracture and estimating the roof rock strength from the drilling parameters of roof bolter was developed. Also, a set of computational rules has been developed for in-mine roof using measured roof drilling parameters and implemented in MRGIS (Mine Roof Geology Information System), a software package developed to allow mine engineers to make use of the large amount of roof drilling parameters for predicting roof geology properties automatically. For the development of roof bolting criteria, finite element models were developed for tensioned and fully grouted bolting designs. Numerical simulations were performed to investigate the mechanisms of modern roof bolting systems including both the tension and fully grouted bolts. Parameters to be studied are: bolt length, bolt spacing, bolt size/strength, grout annulus, in-situ stress condition, overburden depth, and roof geology (massive strata, fractured, and laminated or thinly-bedded). Based on the analysis of the mechanisms of both bolting systems and failure modes of the bolted strata, roof bolting design criteria and programs for modern roof bolting systems were developed. These criterion and/or programs were combined with the MRGIS for use in conjunction with roof bolt installation.

Syd S. Peng

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Tips: Energy-Efficient Roofs | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy-Efficient Roofs Energy-Efficient Roofs Tips: Energy-Efficient Roofs April 24, 2012 - 4:29pm Addthis Tips: Energy-Efficient Roofs If you've ever stood on a roof on a hot summer day, you know how hot it can get. The heat from your roof makes your air conditioner work even harder to keep your home cool. Cool Roofs If you are building a new home, decide during planning whether you want a cool roof, and if you want to convert an existing roof, you can: Retrofit the roof with specialized heat-reflective material. Re-cover the roof with a new waterproofing surface (such as tile coating). Replace the roof with a cool one. A cool roof uses material that is designed to reflect more sunlight and absorb less heat than a standard roof. Cool roofs can be made of a highly reflective type of paint, a sheet covering, or highly reflective tiles or

44

Why Cool Roofs? | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Why Cool Roofs? Why Cool Roofs? Why Cool Roofs? Addthis Description By installing a cool roof at DOE, the federal government and Secretary Chu are helping to educate families and businesses about the important energy and cost savings that can come with this simple, low-cost technology. Cool roofs have the potential to quickly and dramatically reduce global carbon emissions while saving money every month on consumers' electrical bills. Speakers Secretary Steven Chu Duration 1:46 Topic Tax Credits, Rebates, Savings Commercial Weatherization Commercial Heating & Cooling Fossil Oil Credit Energy Department Video SECRETARY OF ENERGY STEVEN CHU: The reason we wanted the Department of Energy to take the lead in cool roofs is to demonstrate that this really saves money. If you have a roof and it's black, it's absorbing energy from the sun

45

Cool Roofs | Y-12 National Security Complex  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cool Roofs Cool Roofs Cool Roofs Posted: July 18, 2012 - 1:59pm | Y-12 Report | Volume 9, Issue 1 | 2012 Hot, sunny days call for light-colored clothing to reflect the heat. As it turns out, the same principle works for roofs. Consider the results from a Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory study in Austin, Texas, which measured a dark roof to average a whopping 43 degrees hotter than a light roof. The hotter the roof, the hotter the building becomes, and the more air-conditioning is needed - 11 percent, in that particular study. That in turn puts more carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. Higher atmospheric temperatures also affect atmospheric chemistry, causing higher ozone levels and more smog. Turning down the heat can be both inexpensive and simple, however: replace

46

Energy 101: Cool Roofs | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy 101: Cool Roofs Energy 101: Cool Roofs Energy 101: Cool Roofs February 1, 2011 - 10:50am Addthis John Schueler John Schueler Former New Media Specialist, Office of Public Affairs Editor's Note: This entry has been cross-posted from DOE's Energy Blog. In this edition of Energy 101 we take a look at one of Secretary Chu's favorite energy efficiency techniques, cool roofs. Traditional dark-colored roofing materials absorb a great deal of sunlight, which in turn transfers heat to a building. Cool roofs use light-colored, highly reflective materials to regulate building temperatures without increasing electricity demand, which can result in energy savings of up to 10 to 15 percent. Cool roofs can also reduce the "heat island" effect in cities and suburbs, a phenomenon that produces higher temperatures in densely populated areas

47

Rainwater harvesting systems that collect and convey rain-water from roofs to storage tanks are often the best or only  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

tanks are often the best or only source of water for many communities in the developing world. A common are swept into the storage tank along with the rainwater. While some systems divert the "first flush into gutters, through a series of pipes and into storage tanks. Three rainwater harvesting systems

Polz, Martin

48

Health Risk from the Use of Roof-Harvested Rainwater in Southeast Queensland, Australia, as Potable or Nonpotable Water, Determined Using Quantitative Microbial Risk Assessment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...4 101 (with a mean of 1.2 101 from Monte Carlo analysis) and from 1.0 101 to 6.5 101 cases (with a mean of 1.6 101 from Monte Carlo...initiated the Home Water Wise Rebate Scheme, which provides...sampled tanks ranged between 500 and 20,000 liters (i...

W. Ahmed; A. Vieritz; A. Goonetilleke; T. Gardner

2010-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

49

Energy 101: Cool Roofs | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cool Roofs Cool Roofs Energy 101: Cool Roofs January 31, 2011 - 12:38pm Addthis This edition of Energy 101 takes a look at how switching to a cool roof can save you money and benefit the environment. John Schueler John Schueler Former New Media Specialist, Office of Public Affairs How does it work? Dark-colored roofing materials absorb a great deal of sunlight, which transfers heat into a building. This can also cause the "heat island" effect in cities and suburbs, a phenomenon that produces higher temperatures in densely populated areas due to extensive changes in the landscape. Cool roofs use light-colored, highly reflective materials to regulate building temperatures without increasing electricity demand, which can result in energy savings of up to 10 to 15 percent.

50

List of Roofs Incentives | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

List of Roofs Incentives List of Roofs Incentives Jump to: navigation, search The following contains the list of 178 Roofs Incentives. CSV (rows 1 - 178) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active AEP (Central and North) - CitySmart Program (Texas) Utility Rebate Program Texas Commercial Industrial Institutional Local Government Schools Boilers Central Air conditioners Chillers Comprehensive Measures/Whole Building Custom/Others pending approval Energy Mgmt. Systems/Building Controls Furnaces Heat pumps Lighting Lighting Controls/Sensors Motor VFDs Motors Roofs Windows Yes AEP (Central, North and SWEPCO) - Commercial Solutions Program (Texas) Utility Rebate Program Texas Commercial Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Schools State Government

51

Evolution of cool-roof standards in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PGE. 2007. Pacific Gas & Electric cool-roof rebate program.at http://www.pge.com/res/rebates/cool_roof/ . ROH. 2001.California Edison cool-roof rebate program. Online at

Akbari, Hashem

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Evaluation of a Direct Evaporative Roof-Spray Cooling System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

involved several steps. PVC tubing, with special spray orifices, was mounted on wooden blodts. Solenoid valves were connected to the PVC tubing and then to the controller which activated them. The controller was also connected to a 95 degree F thermo.... The remainder of the thermocouples were used with thermal flux meters to measure the heat flux through the roof. Four thermal flux meters were built by placing a piece of plexiglass (k = 0.1125 Btulh ft F) with a thermo-. couple on each side between two...

Carrasco, A.; Pittard, R.; Kondepudi, S. N.; Somasundaram, S.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Aerodynamic efficiency of smoke ventilators in light streets and shed-type roofs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Low-rise industrial buildings in continental Europe have usually no or very little window area in the sidewalls. To provide the necessary daylight, translucent surfaces are fitted in the roof. Well known examples are shed roofs or curved and shed-type light streets in flat roofs. For economic reasons smoke ventilators are then integrated into the light surfaces. This paper gives typical examples of smoke ventilators installed in shed roofs and in curved or shed-type light streets. The measurement of the aerodynamic free areas on full scale apparatus is not possible due to the large dimensions of the relevant roof surfaces. Therefore, tests have to be conducted in model scale. The relevant similarity considerations for such model tests are discussed and the applicability of model scale tests is demonstrated. Finally, the most important parameters influencing the aerodynamic efficiency of typical ventilator installations in shed-roofs and curved or shed-type light streets are described for the cases without and with side wind.

H.J. Gerhardt; C. Kramer

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

STATE OF CALIFORNIA ENVELOPE INSULATION; ROOFING; FENESTRATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

STATE OF CALIFORNIA ENVELOPE ­ INSULATION; ROOFING; FENESTRATION CEC-CF-6R-ENV-01 (Revised 08/09) CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION INSTALLATION CERTIFICATE CF-6R-ENV-01 Envelope ­ Insulation; Roofing to be checked to ensure the mandatory measures have been met. Description of Insulation 1. RAISED FLOOR Material

55

Lightweight, self-ballasting photovoltaic roofing assembly  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A photovoltaic roofing assembly comprises a roofing membrane (102), a plurality of photovoltaic modules (104, 106, 108) disposed as a layer on top of the roofing membrane (102), and a plurality of pre-formed spacers, pedestals or supports (112, 114, 116, 118, 120, 122) which are respectively disposed below the plurality of photovoltaic modules (104, 106, 108) and integral therewith, or fixed thereto. Spacers (112, 114, 116, 118, 120, 122) are disposed on top of roofing membrane (102). Membrane (102) is supported on conventional roof framing, and attached thereto by conventional methods. In an alternative embodiment, the roofing assembly may have insulation block (322) below the spacers (314, 314', 315, 315'). The geometry of the preformed spacers (112, 114, 116, 118, 120, 122, 314, 314', 315, 315') is such that wind tunnel testing has shown its maximum effectiveness in reducing net forces of wind uplift on the overall assembly. Such construction results in a simple, lightweight, self-ballasting, readily assembled roofing assembly which resists the forces of wind uplift using no roofing penetrations.

Dinwoodie, Thomas L. (Berkeley, CA)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Lightweight, self-ballasting photovoltaic roofing assembly  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A photovoltaic roofing assembly comprises a roofing membrane (102), a plurality of photovoltaic modules (104, 106, 108) disposed as a layer on top of the roofing membrane (102), and a plurality of pre-formed spacers, pedestals or supports (112, 114, 116, 118, 120, 122) which are respectively disposed below the plurality of photovoltaic modules (104, 106, 108) and integral therewith, or fixed thereto. Spacers (112, 114, 116, 118, 120, 122) are disposed on top of roofing membrane (102). Membrane (102) is supported on conventional roof framing, and attached thereto by conventional methods. In an alternative embodiment, the roofing assembly may have insulation block (322) below the spacers (314, 314', 315, 315'). The geometry of the preformed spacers (112, 114, 116, 118, 120, 122, 314, 314', 315, 315') is such that wind tunnel testing has shown its maximum effectiveness in reducing net forces of wind uplift on the overall assembly. Such construction results in a simple, lightweight, self-ballasting, readily assembled roofing assembly which resists the forces of wind uplift using no roofing penetrations.

Dinwoodie, T.L.

1998-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

57

Energy Performance Aspects of a Florida Green Roof  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ENERGY PERFORMANCE ASPECTS OF A FLORIDA GREEN ROOF Jeffrey K. Sonne Senior Research Engineer Florida Solar Energy Center Cocoa, FL ABSTRACT Previous green roof studies have found that planted roofs significantly reduce roof temperatures... and roof heat flux, and simulations indicate cooling load reductions of up to 25%. This monitored study evaluates summer and winter energy performance aspects of a green roof on a central Florida university building addition that was completed in 2005...

Sonne, J.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Global cooling updates: Reflective roofs and pavements  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

With increasing the solar reflectance of urban surfaces, the outflow of short-wave solar radiation increases, less solar heat energy is absorbed leading to lower surface temperatures and reduced outflow of thermal radiation into the atmosphere. This process of “negative radiative forcing” effectively counters global warming. Cool roofs also reduce cooling-energy use in air conditioned buildings and increase comfort in unconditioned buildings; and cool roofs and cool pavements mitigate summer urban heat islands, improving outdoor air quality and comfort. Installing cool roofs and cool pavements in cities worldwide is a compelling win–win–win activity that can be undertaken immediately, outside of international negotiations to cap CO2 emissions. We review the status of cool roof and cool pavements technologies, policies, and programs in the U.S., Europe, and Asia. We propose an international campaign to use solar reflective materials when roofs and pavements are built or resurfaced in temperate and tropical regions.

Hashem Akbari; H. Damon Matthews

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Stay-Clean and Durable White Elastomeric Roof Coatings | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Stay-Clean and Durable White Elastomeric Roof Coatings Stay-Clean and Durable White Elastomeric Roof Coatings Lead Performer: Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory - Berkeley, CA...

60

Accelerated Aging of Roofing Materials - 2013 BTO Peer Review...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Accelerated Aging of Roofing Materials - 2013 BTO Peer Review Accelerated Aging of Roofing Materials - 2013 BTO Peer Review Emerging Technologies Project for the 2013 Building...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "roofs siding water" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Performance analysis of short-side-chain Aquivion® perfluorosulfonic acid polymer for proton exchange membrane water electrolysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract An Aquivion® E87-12 S short-side-chain perfluorosulfonic acid (SSC-PFSA) membrane with equivalent weight (EW) of 870 g/eq and 120 ?m thickness produced by Solvay Specialty Polymers was tested in a polymer electrolyte membrane water electrolyzer (PEMWE). For comparison, a benchmark Nafion® N115 membrane (EW 1100 g/eq) of similar thickness was investigated under similar operating conditions. Both membranes were tested in conjunction with in-house prepared unsupported IrO2 anode and carbon-supported Pt cathode electrocatalysts. The electrocatalysts consisted of nanosized IrO2 and Pt particles (particle size ~2–4 nm). Electrochemical tests showed better water splitting performance for the Aquivion® membrane and ionomer based membrane-electrode assembly (MEA) as compared to Nafion®. Lower ohmic drop constraints and smaller polarization resistance were observed for the electrocatalyst–Aquivion® ionomer interface indicating a better catalyst–electrolyte interface. A current density of 3.2 A cm?2 for water electrolysis was recorded at 1.8 V cell voltage and 90 °C with the Aquivion® based MEA. Some performance decay with time was observed indicating that the system requires further optimization of the interface characteristics.

S. Siracusano; V. Baglio; A. Stassi; L. Merlo; E. Moukheiber; A.S. Arico?

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Building Energy Software Tools Directory: Cool Roof Calculator  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cool Roof Calculator Cool Roof Calculator Cool Roof Calculator logo. Many reflective roof coatings and membranes are now available for low-slope roofs. These coatings help to reduce summer air-conditioning loads, but can also increase the winter heating load. The Cool Roof Calculator will estimate both how much energy you'll save in the summer and how much extra energy you'll need in the winter. Cool Roof Calculator provides answers on a 'per square foot' basis, so you can then multiply by the area of your roof to find out your net savings each year. Keywords reflective roof, roofing membrane, low-slope roof Validation/Testing The Radiation Control Fact Sheet describes both the analytical and experimental results that went into the calculator's development. Expertise Required

63

New and Underutilized Technology: Green Roofs | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Green Roofs Green Roofs New and Underutilized Technology: Green Roofs October 8, 2013 - 2:53pm Addthis The following information outlines key deployment considerations for green roofs within the Federal sector. Benefits Green roofs place vegetation on the rooftop to reduce heat load and add insulation. It also reduces storm runoff from the roof. Application Green roofs are appropriate for deployment within most building categories with higher roof to conditioned floor area ratios and should be considered in building design, renovation, or during roof replacement projects. Climate and Regional Considerations Climate issues can affect the performance of green roofs. Key Factors for Deployment Green roofs have weight loading issues, which need to be considered prior to deployment.

64

Proton exchange membrane water electrolysis with short-side-chain Aquivion® membrane and IrO2 anode catalyst  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A series of three membrane types has been screened for medium temperature solid polymer electrolyte water electrolysis in membrane electrode assemblies coated with 2 mg cm?2 of iridium oxide as a catalyst for the oxygen evolution reaction, synthesised via a hydrolysis method from the hexachloroiridic acid precursor, and deposited on the membrane either directly by spray deposition or by decal transfer. The short-side-chain perfluorosulfonic acid Aquivion® ionomer of equivalent weight 870 meq g?1, in membranes of thickness 120 ?m, gives higher water electrolysis performance at 120 °C than a composite membrane of Aquivion® with zirconium phosphate, while a sulfonated ether-linked polybenzimidazole, sulfonated poly-[(1-(4,4?-diphenylether)-5-oxybenzimidazole)-benzimidazole], shows promising performance and no transport limitations up to 2 A cm?2. The lowest cell voltage was observed at 120 °C for an MEA prepared using spray-coating directly on the Aquivion® membrane, 1.57 V at 1 A cm?2.

Anita Skulimowska; Marc Dupont; Marta Zaton; Svein Sunde; Luca Merlo; Deborah J. Jones; Jacques Rozičre

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Aging and weathering of cool roofing membranes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Canada ABSTRACT Aging and weathering can reduce the solarsolar reflectance of 25 weathered roofing membranes from 25 cities across the United States and Canada.Canada. The LBNL study included measuring the spectral solar

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Next Generation Roofs and Attics for Homes  

SciTech Connect

Prototype residential roof and attic assemblies were constructed and field tested in a mixed-humid U.S. climate. Summer field data showed that at peak day irradiance the heat transfer penetrating the roof deck dropped almost 90% compared with heat transfer for a conventional roof and attic assembly. The prototype assemblies use a combination of strategies: infrared reflective cool roofs, radiant barriers, above-sheathing ventilation, low-emittance surfaces, insulation, and thermal mass to reduce the attic air temperature and thus the heat transfer into the home. The prototype assemblies exhibited attic air temperatures that did not exceed the peak day outdoor air temperature. Field results were benchmarked against an attic computer tool and simulations made for the densely populated, hot and dry southeastern and central-basin regions of California. New construction in the central basin could realize a 12% drop in ceiling and air-conditioning annual load compared with a code-compliant roof and attic having solar reflectance of 0.25 and thermal emittance of 0.75. In the hot, dry southeastern region of California, the combined ceiling and duct annual load drops by 23% of that computed for a code-compliant roof and attic assembly. Eliminating air leakage from ducts placed in unconditioned attics yielded savings comparable to the best simulated roof and attic systems. Retrofitting an infrared reflective clay tile roof with 1 -in (0.032-m) of EPS foam above the sheathing and improving existing ductwork by reducing air leakage and wrapping ducts with insulation can yield annual savings of about $200 compared with energy costs for pre-1980 construction.

Miller, William A [ORNL] [ORNL; Kosny, Jan [ORNL] [ORNL

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Roof Coating Procedures and Their Productivity Gains  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Roof Coating Procedures and their Productivity Gains John Bonaby and Dr. Diane Schaub, University of Florida As building envelope improvements are realized in organizations as ways to insulate businesses from high energy costs, the relative... benefit of the installation of different roof coating technologies and comparable application procedures of these technologies are ambiguous. The focal point of this research is to determine the effective correlation between various commercially...

Bonaby, J.; Schaub, D.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Evaporative Roof Cooling - A Simple Solution to Cut Cooling Costs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

basis. Since that humble beginning, literally millions of square feet of roof cooling systems have been installed in industrial and commercial buildings. A "mini-boom" for roof sprays existed following World War 11, when air conditioning was new.... All supply piping and spray laterals are supported at 5 ft. inter- vals by cementing redwood blocks to the surface. No roof penetrations are necessary with the excep- tion of very large roof areas, and this is done by a competent roofing...

Abernethy, D.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Energy Department Completes Cool Roof Installation on DC Headquarters  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Completes Cool Roof Installation on DC Completes Cool Roof Installation on DC Headquarters Building to Save Money by Saving Energy Energy Department Completes Cool Roof Installation on DC Headquarters Building to Save Money by Saving Energy December 14, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis Washington - Secretary Steven Chu today announced the completion of a new cool roof installation on the Department of Energy's Headquarters West Building. There was no incremental cost to adding the cool roof as part of the roof replacement project and it will save taxpayers $2,000 every year in building energy costs. Cool roofs use lighter-colored roofing surfaces or special coatings to reflect more of the sun's heat, helping improve building efficiency, reduce cooling costs and offset carbon emissions. The cool roof and increased insulation at the facility were

70

Next Generation Attics and Roof Systems  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Next Generation Attics Next Generation Attics and Roof Systems William (Bill) Miller, Ph.D. ORNL WML@ORNL.GOV____ (865) 574-2013 April 4, 2013 Goals: Develop New Roof and Attic Designs  Reduce Space Conditioning Due to Attic  Convince Industry to Adopt Designs Building Envelope Program  Dr. William Miller  Dr. Som Shrestha  Kaushik Biswas, Ken Childs, Jerald Atchley, Phil Childs Andre Desjarlais (Group Leader) 32% Primary Energy 28% Primary Energy 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Purpose & Objectives

71

Cool Roofs: An Easy Upgrade | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cool Roofs: An Easy Upgrade Cool Roofs: An Easy Upgrade Cool Roofs: An Easy Upgrade December 14, 2010 - 9:25am Addthis Cathy Zoi Former Assistant Secretary, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy What does this mean for me? Dark roofs can be 50 degrees hotter than light roofs. Combined with dark roads and parking lots, dark roofs lead to the 'urban heat island' effect: cities tend to be 2-5 degrees hotter. A cooler roof means energy bills that are up to 10-15% lower because your air conditioner doesn't have to work as hard. Check out Google Earth - the 'view from above' of your favorite American city. And look at the roofs of the office buildings, warehouses, shopping centers, and even the homes. Most of them are probably pretty dark in color - and this means they heat up a lot when the weather is warm -

72

SunShot Initiative: Innovative Ballasted Flat Roof Solar Photovoltaic  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Innovative Ballasted Flat Roof Innovative Ballasted Flat Roof Solar Photovoltaic Racking System to someone by E-mail Share SunShot Initiative: Innovative Ballasted Flat Roof Solar Photovoltaic Racking System on Facebook Tweet about SunShot Initiative: Innovative Ballasted Flat Roof Solar Photovoltaic Racking System on Twitter Bookmark SunShot Initiative: Innovative Ballasted Flat Roof Solar Photovoltaic Racking System on Google Bookmark SunShot Initiative: Innovative Ballasted Flat Roof Solar Photovoltaic Racking System on Delicious Rank SunShot Initiative: Innovative Ballasted Flat Roof Solar Photovoltaic Racking System on Digg Find More places to share SunShot Initiative: Innovative Ballasted Flat Roof Solar Photovoltaic Racking System on AddThis.com... Concentrating Solar Power Photovoltaics

73

Pollution Impact on Cool Roof Efficacy Research Project | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Emerging Technologies » Pollution Impact on Cool Roof Efficacy Emerging Technologies » Pollution Impact on Cool Roof Efficacy Research Project Pollution Impact on Cool Roof Efficacy Research Project The Department of Energy (DOE) is currently determining how pollution impacts the efficacy of cool roofs. The project specifically is focusing on the efficacy of white roofs in Northern India. The first phase of the project will take physical measurements to characterize the cooling and climate effects of white roofs. Results from this project will provide important guidance to policymakers and planners as they decide where cool roofs would have the greatest benefits. Project Description The project involves the development of advanced surfaces and next-generation materials to improve solar reflectance of roofs; the ability to reflect the visible, infrared and ultraviolet wavelengths of the

74

Cool Roofs Lead to Cooler Cities | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cool Roofs Lead to Cooler Cities Cool Roofs Lead to Cooler Cities Cool Roofs Lead to Cooler Cities July 23, 2010 - 2:07pm Addthis John Schueler John Schueler Former New Media Specialist, Office of Public Affairs How does it work? Dark-colored roofs and roadways create what is called the "urban heat island effect," meaning a city is significantly warmer than its surrounding rural areas. Light colored roofs reduce the heat island effect and improve air quality by reducing emissions. Lighter-colored roofing surfaces reflect more of the sun's heat, which helps to improve building efficiency by reducing cooling costs and offsetting carbon emissions. Roofs and road pavement cover 50 to 65 percent of urban areas. Because they absorb so much heat, dark-colored roofs and roadways create what is called

75

Impact of Solar PV Laminate Membrane Systems on Roofs | Department...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Information Resources Impact of Solar PV Laminate Membrane Systems on Roofs Impact of Solar PV Laminate Membrane Systems on Roofs In 2008, CH2M HILL performed a solar site...

76

Energy Performance Aspects of a Florida Green Roof Part 2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Green roof installation in the United States is growing at a significant rate. There are a number of reasons for this growth including rainwater runoff reduction and aesthetic benefits. Energy performance evaluations of green roofs, the subject...

Sonne, J.; Parker, D.

77

Evolution of cool-roof standards in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

than solar reflectance, thermal emittance, or Energy- Star™solar absorptance and roof-assembly thermal transmittance that yield equal annual energysolar absorptance ? and roof-assembly thermal transmittance U that yield equal annual energy

Akbari, Hashem

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Seismic Evidence For A Hydrothermal Layer Above The Solid Roof...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

roof is overlain by a 150-200-m-thick low-velocity zone that may correspond to a fracture zone that hosts the hydrothermal circulation, and the roof itself may be the...

79

Energy Saving "Cool Roofs" Installed at Y-12 | National Nuclear...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Home Field Offices Welcome to the NNSA Production Office NPO News Releases Energy Saving "Cool Roofs" Installed at Y-12 Energy Saving "Cool Roofs" Installed at Y-12 The...

80

Energy Saving 'Cool Roofs' Installed at Y-12 | National Nuclear...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Photo Gallery Jobs Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home NNSA Blog Energy Saving 'Cool Roofs' Installed at Y-12 Energy Saving 'Cool Roofs' Installed at Y-12...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "roofs siding water" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Effects of solar photovoltaic panels on roof heat transfer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the underside of the tilted solar panels and the surface of the roof under the solar panel (Fig.  2).  An air temperature of the  solar panel is similar to the roof 

Dominguez, Anthony; Kleissl, Jan; Luvall, Jeffrey C

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Comparative Summer Thermal Performance of Finished and Unfinished Metal Roofing Products with Composition Shingles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of five roofing systems against a control roof using dark shingles. The intent of the testing is to evaluate how roofing systems impact residential cooling energy use. Recent testing emphasizes evaluation of how increasingly popular metal roofing systems...

Parker, D. S.; Sherwin, J.; Sonne, J.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

The Wonders of Water for Families CMU Childrens School  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

or from the teapot, ice in the freezer or icicles on the roof, etc.). · Reinforce water concepts while

84

Evolution of cool-roof standards in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Design (LEED) Green Building Rating System assigns one rating point for the use of a cool roof in its Sustainable

Akbari, Hashem

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Application of Spray Foam Insulation Under Plywood and OSB Roof Sheathing (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

Spray polyurethane foams (SPFs) have advantages over alternative insulation methods because they provide air sealing in complex assemblies, particularly roofs. Spray foam can provide the thermal, air, and vapor control layers in both new and retrofit construction. Unvented roof strategies with open cell and closed cell SPF insulation sprayed to the underside of roof sheathing have been used since the mid-1990s to provide durable and efficient building enclosures. However, there have been isolated incidents of failures (either sheathing rot or SPF delamination) that raise some general concerns about the hygrothermal performance and durability of these systems. The primary risks for roof systems are rainwater leaks, condensation from diffusion and air leakage, and built-in construction moisture. This project directly investigated rain and indirectly investigated built-in construction moisture and vapor drives. Research involved both hygrothermal modeling of a range of rain water leakage scenarios and field evaluations of in-service residential roofs. Other variables considered were climate zone, orientation, interior relative humidity, and the vapor permeance of the coating applied to the interior face of open cell SPF.

Not Available

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Boots on the Roof | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Boots on the Roof Boots on the Roof Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Boots on the Roof Name Boots on the Roof Address 4670 Automall Parkway Place Fremont, California Zip 94538 Region Bay Area Number of employees 51-200 Year founded 1992 Phone number 888.893.0367 Website http://www.bootsontheroof.com/ Coordinates 37.498922°, -121.963028° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.498922,"lon":-121.963028,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

87

Covered Product Category: Cool Roof Products  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

FEMP provides acquisition guidance across a variety of product categories, including cool roof products, which are an ENERGY STAR®-qualified product category. Federal laws and requirements mandate that agencies meet these efficiency requirements in all procurement and acquisition actions that are not specifically exempted by law.

88

Cool Roof Calculator | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cool Roof Calculator Cool Roof Calculator Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Cool Roof Calculator Agency/Company /Organization: Oak Ridge National Laboratory Sector: Energy Focus Area: Buildings, Energy Efficiency Resource Type: Online calculator, Software/modeling tools User Interface: Website Website: www.ornl.gov/sci/roofs+walls/facts/CoolCalcEnergy.htm Country: United States Cost: Free Northern America Coordinates: 37.09024°, -95.712891° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":37.09024,"lon":-95.712891,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

89

Bio-based Thermochromic Intelligent Roof Coating Research Project |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

based Thermochromic Intelligent Roof based Thermochromic Intelligent Roof Coating Research Project Bio-based Thermochromic Intelligent Roof Coating Research Project The Department of Energy is conducting research into bio-based thermochromic intelligent roof coatings. The coatings are developed from waste cooking oil. Project Description This project seeks to develop and demonstrate a waste cooking oil-based thermochromic smart roof coating technology that will adjust light transmission in response to temperature changes. This will reduce energy demands for temperature regulation. The project will also study the effects of different oil sources on coating properties. Project Partners This project is being undertaken between the Department of Energy and United Environment & Energy. Project Goals

90

Building Technologies Office: Pollution Impact on Cool Roof Efficacy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Pollution Impact on Pollution Impact on Cool Roof Efficacy Research Project to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Pollution Impact on Cool Roof Efficacy Research Project on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Pollution Impact on Cool Roof Efficacy Research Project on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Pollution Impact on Cool Roof Efficacy Research Project on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Pollution Impact on Cool Roof Efficacy Research Project on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Pollution Impact on Cool Roof Efficacy Research Project on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Pollution Impact on Cool Roof Efficacy Research Project on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner with DOE

91

Impact of Reflective Roofing on Cooling Electrical Use and Peak Demand in a Florida Retail Mall  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on Energy Efficiency in Buildings, American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy, Washington D.C., Vol. 9, p. 1, August, 1992. Akbari, H., Bretz, S., Kurn, D.M. and Hanford, J., ?Peak Power and Cooling Energy Savings of High Albedo Roofs,? Energy... positive pressure dehumidified air ventilation in hot humid climates, quiet exhaust fan ventilation in cool climates, solar water heaters, heat pump water heaters, high efficiency right sized heating/cooling equipment, and gas fired combo space...

Parker, D. S.; Sonne, J. K.; Sherwin, J. R.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Low-flow appliances and household water demand: An evaluation of demand-side management policy in Albuquerque, New Mexico  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Residential rebate programs for low-flow water devices have become increasingly popular as a means of reducing urban water demand. Although program specifics vary, low-flow rebates are available in most U.S. metropolitan areas, as well as in many smaller municipalities. Despite their popularity, few statistical analyses have been conducted regarding the effects of low-flow rebates on household water use. In this paper, we consider the effects of rebates from the Albuquerque Bernalillo County Water Utility Authority (ABCWUA). Using panel regression techniques with a database of rebate recipients, we estimate the marginal effects of various low-flow devices on household water demand. Results indicate a negative correlation between household water use and the presence of most low-flow devices, after controlling for water price and weather conditions. Low-flow toilets have the greatest impact on water use, while low-flow washing machines, dishwashers, showerheads, and xeriscape have smaller but significant effects. In contrast, air conditioning systems, hot water recirculators, and rain barrels have no significant impact on water use. We also test for possible rebound effects (i.e. whether low-flow appliances become less-effective over time due to poor rates of retention or behavioral changes) and compare the cost effectiveness of each rebate using levelised-costs. We find no evidence of rebound effects and substantial variation in levelised-costs, with low-flow showerheads being the most cost-effective device under the current ABCWUA rebate program. The latter result suggests that water providers can improve the efficiency of rebate programs by targeting the most cost-effective devices.

James I. Price; Janie M. Chermak; Jeff Felardo

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

DOE Cool Roof Calculator for Low-Slope or Flat Roofs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cool Roof Calculator Cool Roof Calculator Estimates Cooling and Heating Savings for Flat Roofs with Non-Black Surfaces - Developed by the U.S. Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory (Version 1.2) - This version of the calculator is for small and medium-sized facilities that purchase electricity without a demand charge based on peak monthly load. If you have a large facility that purchases electricity with a demand charge, run the CoolCalcPeak version in order to include the savings in peak demand charges from using solar radiation control. - What you get out of this calculator is only as good as what you put in. If you CLICK HERE , you'll find help in figuring out the best input values. Some things, such as the weathering of the solar radiation control properties and the effects of a plenum, are especially important. You'll

94

NREL: Sustainable NREL - Water Efficiency  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Water Efficiency A photo of water spilling out of a downspout from the roof of a multi-story office building. NREL conserves water in a number of innovative ways. A photo of water...

95

Hawaii Marine Base Installs Solar Roofs | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hawaii Marine Base Installs Solar Roofs Hawaii Marine Base Installs Solar Roofs Hawaii Marine Base Installs Solar Roofs April 2, 2010 - 2:42pm Addthis Lorelei Laird Writer, Energy Empowers What does this project do? Marine Corps Base Hawaii replaced roofs on two buildings with polyvinyl chloride membrane 'cool' roofs and solar panels. The new roofs saves $20,000 a year in energy costs. Built on the end of the Mokapu Peninsula on Oahu's northeast coast, the Marine Corps Base Hawaii (MCBH) at Kaneohe Bay gets plenty of sunlight. But harnessing that sunlight to create renewable electricity was considered too expensive to be practical - until 2008. That's when MCBH took advantage of planned maintenance funding to help offset the high cost of installing photovoltaic panels on the base. As a military entity, MCBH can't directly take advantage of federal or state

96

Cool Roofs: Your Questions Answered | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Roofs: Your Questions Answered Roofs: Your Questions Answered Cool Roofs: Your Questions Answered January 6, 2011 - 2:58pm Addthis John Schueler John Schueler Former New Media Specialist, Office of Public Affairs Last month Secretary Chu announced that the Department of Energy had installed a "cool roof" atop the west building of our Washington, DC headquarters. The announcement elicited a fair number of questions from his Facebook fans, so we decided to reach out to the people behind the project for their insight on the specific benefits of switching to a cool roof, and the process that went into making that choice. Jim Bullis (Facebook): So what is the percentage saving of energy bills for this building? Answer: The West Building cool roof is estimated to save about $2,000 per

97

Cool Roofs and Heat Islands | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cool Roofs and Heat Islands Cool Roofs and Heat Islands Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Cool Roofs Agency/Company /Organization: Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Sector: Energy Focus Area: Energy Efficiency Topics: Resource assessment Website: eetd.lbl.gov/r-bldgsee-crhi.html References: [1] Logo: Cool Roofs "On warm summer days, a city can be 6 to 8°F warmer than its surrounding areas. This effect is called the urban heat island. Cool roof materials, pavements, and vegetation can reduce the heat island effect, save energy and reduce smog formation. The goal of this research is to develop cool materials to save energy and money." [1] The Cool Roof Calculator developed at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory is a useful tool for exploring the benefits of cool materials.

98

Hawaii Marine Base Installs Solar Roofs | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Marine Base Installs Solar Roofs Marine Base Installs Solar Roofs Hawaii Marine Base Installs Solar Roofs April 2, 2010 - 2:42pm Addthis Lorelei Laird Writer, Energy Empowers What does this project do? Marine Corps Base Hawaii replaced roofs on two buildings with polyvinyl chloride membrane 'cool' roofs and solar panels. The new roofs saves $20,000 a year in energy costs. Built on the end of the Mokapu Peninsula on Oahu's northeast coast, the Marine Corps Base Hawaii (MCBH) at Kaneohe Bay gets plenty of sunlight. But harnessing that sunlight to create renewable electricity was considered too expensive to be practical - until 2008. That's when MCBH took advantage of planned maintenance funding to help offset the high cost of installing photovoltaic panels on the base. As a military entity, MCBH can't directly take advantage of federal or state

99

Geologic factors in coal mines roof stability: a progress report  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes 10 selected United States Bureau of Mines research contract reports produced from 1970 to 1980 that consist largely of geologic studies of coal-mine roof-support problems. The reports focus on the Appalachian and Illinois coal-mining regions. In the Appalachian region two geologic structures, roof rolls and slickensides, predominate as features that directly contribute to roof falls. Studies of these and other structures are reviewed, and improved methods of utilizing drill core and core logs to prepare hazard maps are presented. Among the reports described are several on the weakening effects of moisture on shale roof, as determined from both laboratory and underground measurements, and an assessment of air tempering as a humidity-control method. Also summarized are findings concerning the time lapse between roof exposure and permanent support installation as a factor in the effectiveness of roof bolting.

Moebs, N.N.; Stateham, R.M.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Identification of major rock-water interactions on either side of a hydrologic barrier in the Wanapum Formation, Washington  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-level radioactive waste storage facility prompted intensive research into the geology, hydrogeology, and ground-water chemistry of the basalt aquifers. The Basalt Waste Isolation Project (BWIP) was undertaken to investigate the suitability of a deep basalt flow...-level radioactive waste storage facility prompted intensive research into the geology, hydrogeology, and ground-water chemistry of the basalt aquifers. The Basalt Waste Isolation Project (BWIP) was undertaken to investigate the suitability of a deep basalt flow...

Dean, Warren Theodore

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "roofs siding water" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Installation of Cool Roofs on Department of Energy Buildings...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Documents & Publications Guidelines for Selecting Cool Roofs CX-002735: Categorical Exclusion Determination 2010 Annual Planning Summary for Savannah River Operations Office (SRS)...

102

Evolution of cool-roof standards in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2000 Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings 1:1-11 (to energy efficiency standards for buildings. Online ataddress cool roofs in building energy-efficiency standards

Akbari, Hashem

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Evolution of cool-roof standards in the United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

reduce building energy use, while energy-neutral cool-roofbuilding when the roof is cooler than the inside air. One can develop an energy-neutral

Akbari, Hashem

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Analysis of Thermal Energy Collection from Precast Concrete Roof Assemblies.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The development of precast concrete housing systems provides an opportunity to easily and inexpensively incorporate solar energy collection by casting collector tubes into the roof… (more)

Abbott, Ashley Burnett

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Probabilistic prediction of green roof energy performance under parameter uncertainty  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Studies on the quantification of energy benefits of a green roof have so far treated its parameter values only deterministically. In reality, however, these values may scatter over different ranges due to the inherent variation of vegetation and soil properties and also because of the unavoidable deviation from designated values during construction and/or actual operation of a green roof. Under such parameter uncertainty, green roof performance can no longer be predicted deterministically but rather probabilistically. The present study attempts to integrate the whole building energy simulation with a parametric uncertainty analysis. An example office building is used to systematically examine how the cooling and heating energy demands can be reduced by a green roof that replaces a conventional roof, when values of the most significant green roof parameters determined by sensitivity analysis are treated as random variables with prescribed probability distributions. An ensemble of green roof configurations is generated using Monte Carlo simulation with a Latin hypercube sampling technique. The coefficient of variation of the calculated energy savings is found almost linearly related to (with a slope of about 0.4) that of green roof parameters. Finally, implications of probabilistic energy analysis for more reliable green roof design are emphasized.

Min (Max) Liu

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

NNSA Commitment to Energy Efficiency: Promoting Cool Roof Technologies...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Commitment to Energy Efficiency: Promoting Cool Roof Technologies | National Nuclear Security Administration Facebook Twitter Youtube Flickr RSS People Mission Managing the...

107

Flourescent Pigments for High-Performance Cool Roofing and Facades...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

class of dark-colored pigments for cool metal roof and faade coatings that incorporate near-infrared fluorescence and reflectance to improve energy performance. Image: PPG...

108

High Efficiency Solar Integrated Roof Membrane Product  

SciTech Connect

This project was designed to address the Solar Energy Technology Program objective, to develop new methods to integrate photovoltaic (PV) cells or modules within a building-integrated photovoltaic (BIPV) application that will result in lower installed cost as well as higher efficiencies of the encapsulated/embedded PV module. The technology assessment and development focused on the evaluation and identification of manufacturing technologies and equipment capable of producing such low-cost, high-efficiency, flexible BIPV solar cells on single-ply roofing membranes.

Partyka, Eric; Shenoy, Anil

2013-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

109

Impact of a solar domestic hot water demand-side management program on an electric utility and its customers  

SciTech Connect

A methodology to assess the economic and environmental impacts of a large scale implementation of solar domestic hot water (SDHW) systems is developed. Energy, emission and demand reductions and their respective savings are quantified. It is shown that, on average, an SDHW system provides an energy reduction of about 3200 kWH, avoided emissions of about 2 tons and a capacity contribution of 0.7 kW to a typical Wisconsin utility that installs 5000 SDHW system. The annual savings from these reductions to utility is {dollar_sign}385,000, providing a return on an investment of over 20{percent}. It is shown that, on average, a consumer will save {dollar_sign}211 annually in hot water heating bills. 8 refs., 7 figs.

Trzeniewski, J.; Mitchell, J.W.; Klein, S.A.; Beckman, W.A.

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Reflective 'cool' roofs under aerosol-burdened skies: radiative benefits across selected Indian cities  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The use of reflective surfaces offers one low-cost solution for reducing solar loading to urban environments and the Earth that should be considered as part of sustainable urban design. Here, we characterize the radiative benefits, i.e. the additional shortwave radiation leaving the atmosphere, from the installation of highly reflective 'cool' roofs in urban areas in India that face relatively large local aerosol burdens. We use a previously tested column radiative transfer model to estimate the energy per unit area reflected to space from increasing the surface albedo at six cities within India. The model is used to characterize radiative transfer each day over five years (2008–2012) based on mid-day satellite retrievals of MODIS aerosol depth, cloud water path, and average surface albedo and MERRA atmospheric profiles of temperature and composition. Compared against ten months of field observations in two cities, the model derived incoming surface shortwave radiation estimates relative to observations show small biases (0.5% and ?2.6%, at Pantnagar and Nainital, respectively). Despite the high levels of local aerosols we found cool roofs provided significant radiative benefits at all locations. Averaged over the five year period we found that increasing the albedo of 1 m2 of roof area by 0.5 would reflect to space 0.9–1.2 kWh daily from 08:30–15:30 LST, depending on location. This is equivalent to a constant forcing of 37–50 W m?2 (equivalent to reducing CO2 emissions by 74 to 101 kg CO2 m?2 roof area). Last, we identify a co-benefit of improving air quality, in that removing aerosols from the atmosphere could increase the radiative benefits from cool roofs by 23–74%, with the largest potential increase found at Delhi and the smallest change found at Nainital.

D E Millstein; M L Fischer

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Effect of Surface Mass on Roof Thermal Performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

net heat flow through the roof. This paper presents some results of a combined experimental and analytical study to quantify the effects of surface mass. Measurements were made on roof test panels that were exposed to the weather of eastern Tennessee...

Wilkes, K. E.; Shipp, P. H.; Sanders, J. P.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

PRESSURIZATION OF FIXED ROOF STORAGE TANKS DUE TO EXTERNAL FIRES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PRESSURIZATION OF FIXED ROOF STORAGE TANKS DUE TO EXTERNAL FIRES Fabien FouiHen, INERIS, Parc. Reflections led on this accident have pushed to consider the phenomenon of tank pressurization as a potential initiating event of the fire ball observed. In concrete terms, when a fixed roof storage tank is surrounded

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

113

More durable roof coverings such as steel and fiber cement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

compounds) carpets for better indoor air quality, laminates that successfully mimic scarce hardwood. Lighter colors absorb less heat, reducing cooling costs in warm climates. Now, solar roofing products integrate asphalt shingles, standing-seam metal roofing, and slate or concrete tiles. Energy

114

Cool Roofs Are Ready to Save Energy, Cool Urban Heat Islands, and Help Slow Global Warming  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

roofing is the fastest growing sector roofing is the fastest growing sector of the building industry, as building owners and facility managers realize the immediate and long-term benefits of roofs that stay cool in the sun. Studies exploring the energy efficiency, cost-effectiveness, and sustainability of cool roofs show that in warm or hot climates, substituting a cool roof for a conventional roof can: * Reduce by up to 15% the annual air-

115

A Cool Roof for the Iconic Cyclotron | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

A Cool Roof for the Iconic Cyclotron A Cool Roof for the Iconic Cyclotron A Cool Roof for the Iconic Cyclotron July 15, 2011 - 5:42pm Addthis Berkeley Lab's iconic building, the Advanced Light Source, is getting a new cool roof, righ, that will reflect sunlight back into the atmosphere, playing a small part in mitigating global warming. On left, Ernest Orlando Lawrence talks to colleagues at the construction site of the cyclotron, built in 1941. | Courtesy of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory; Roy Kaltschmidt, Berkeley Lab Public Affairs Berkeley Lab's iconic building, the Advanced Light Source, is getting a new cool roof, righ, that will reflect sunlight back into the atmosphere, playing a small part in mitigating global warming. On left, Ernest Orlando Lawrence talks to colleagues at the construction site of the cyclotron,

116

Oklahoma Tribe to Install Solar Roof | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Oklahoma Tribe to Install Solar Roof Oklahoma Tribe to Install Solar Roof Oklahoma Tribe to Install Solar Roof March 22, 2010 - 6:10pm Addthis Stephen Graff Former Writer & editor for Energy Empowers, EERE What does this project do? The new fully functioning roof and solar energy production plant will save the tribe about $20,000 a year. The Delaware Nation, a federally-recognized tribe of about 1,400 people in Anadarko, Okla., will install solar panel roofs on two tribal government buildings as part of a larger effort to become more sustainable and bring new jobs to an area struggling with high unemployment. "It's the start of a green initiative," says Theda McPheron-Keel, president of Wind Hollow Foundation, a nonprofit organization aimed at helping American Indians improve their lives. "It provides economic

117

Oklahoma Tribe to Install Solar Roof | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Oklahoma Tribe to Install Solar Roof Oklahoma Tribe to Install Solar Roof Oklahoma Tribe to Install Solar Roof March 22, 2010 - 6:10pm Addthis Stephen Graff Former Writer & editor for Energy Empowers, EERE What does this project do? The new fully functioning roof and solar energy production plant will save the tribe about $20,000 a year. The Delaware Nation, a federally-recognized tribe of about 1,400 people in Anadarko, Okla., will install solar panel roofs on two tribal government buildings as part of a larger effort to become more sustainable and bring new jobs to an area struggling with high unemployment. "It's the start of a green initiative," says Theda McPheron-Keel, president of Wind Hollow Foundation, a nonprofit organization aimed at helping American Indians improve their lives. "It provides economic

118

A Cool Roof for the Iconic Cyclotron | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

A Cool Roof for the Iconic Cyclotron A Cool Roof for the Iconic Cyclotron A Cool Roof for the Iconic Cyclotron July 15, 2011 - 5:42pm Addthis Berkeley Lab's iconic building, the Advanced Light Source, is getting a new cool roof, righ, that will reflect sunlight back into the atmosphere, playing a small part in mitigating global warming. On left, Ernest Orlando Lawrence talks to colleagues at the construction site of the cyclotron, built in 1941. | Courtesy of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory; Roy Kaltschmidt, Berkeley Lab Public Affairs Berkeley Lab's iconic building, the Advanced Light Source, is getting a new cool roof, righ, that will reflect sunlight back into the atmosphere, playing a small part in mitigating global warming. On left, Ernest Orlando Lawrence talks to colleagues at the construction site of the cyclotron,

119

Effectiveness of Cool Roof Coatings with Ceramic Particles  

SciTech Connect

Liquid applied coatings promoted as cool roof coatings, including several with ceramic particles, were tested at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Oak Ridge, Tenn., for the purpose of quantifying their thermal performances. Solar reflectance measurements were made for new samples and aged samples using a portable reflectometer (ASTM C1549, Standard Test Method for Determination of Solar Reflectance Near Ambient Temperature Using a Portable Solar Reflectometer) and for new samples using the integrating spheres method (ASTM E903, Standard Test Method for Solar Absorptance, Reflectance, and Transmittance of Materials Using Integrating Spheres). Thermal emittance was measured for the new samples using a portable emissometer (ASTM C1371, Standard Test Method for Determination of Emittance of Materials Near Room 1 Proceedings of the 2011 International Roofing Symposium Temperature Using Portable Emissometers). Thermal conductivity of the coatings was measured using a FOX 304 heat flow meter (ASTM C518, Standard Test Method for Steady-State Thermal Transmission Properties by Means of the Heat Flow Meter Apparatus). The surface properties of the cool roof coatings had higher solar reflectance than the reference black and white material, but there were no significant differences among coatings with and without ceramics. The coatings were applied to EPDM (ethylene propylene diene monomer) membranes and installed on the Roof Thermal Research Apparatus (RTRA), an instrumented facility at ORNL for testing roofs. Roof temperatures and heat flux through the roof were obtained for a year of exposure in east Tennessee. The field tests showed significant reduction in cooling required compared with the black reference roof (~80 percent) and a modest reduction in cooling compared with the white reference roof (~33 percent). The coating material with the highest solar reflectivity (no ceramic particles) demonstrated the best overall thermal performance (combination of reducing the cooling load cost and not incurring a large heating penalty cost) and suggests solar reflectivity is the significant characteristic for selecting cool roof coatings.

Brehob, Ellen G [ORNL] [ORNL; Desjarlais, Andre Omer [ORNL] [ORNL; Atchley, Jerald Allen [ORNL] [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Heterogeneous Responses to Water Conservation Programs: The Case of Residential Users in Los Angeles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Do residential water demand side management policies measurepurchased water, demand side management and reclaimed water

Hanemann, W. Michael; Nauges, Celine

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "roofs siding water" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

New Cool Roof Coatings and Affordable Cool Color Asphalt  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

New Cool Roof Coatings and New Cool Roof Coatings and Affordable Cool Color Asphalt Shingles Meng-Dawn Cheng Oak Ridge National Laboratory chengmd@ornl.gov; 865-241-5918 April 4, 2013 PM: Andre Desjarlais PI: Meng-Dawn Cheng, Ph.D. David Graham, Ph.D. Sue Carroll Steve Allman Dawn Klingeman Susan Pfiffner, Ph.D. (FY12) Karen Cheng (FY12) Partner: Joe Rokowski (Dow) Roof Testing Facility at ORNL Building Technologies Research and Integration Center 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov * Building accounted for 41% of the US energy consumption in 2010 greater than either transportation (28%) or industry (31%).

122

New Cool Roof Coatings and Affordable Cool Color Asphalt  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

New Cool Roof Coatings and New Cool Roof Coatings and Affordable Cool Color Asphalt Shingles Meng-Dawn Cheng Oak Ridge National Laboratory chengmd@ornl.gov; 865-241-5918 April 4, 2013 PM: Andre Desjarlais PI: Meng-Dawn Cheng, Ph.D. David Graham, Ph.D. Sue Carroll Steve Allman Dawn Klingeman Susan Pfiffner, Ph.D. (FY12) Karen Cheng (FY12) Partner: Joe Rokowski (Dow) Roof Testing Facility at ORNL Building Technologies Research and Integration Center 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov * Building accounted for 41% of the US energy consumption in 2010 greater than either transportation (28%) or industry (31%).

123

INSTALLATION CERTIFICATE CF-6R-ENV-01 Envelope Insulation; Roofing; Fenestration (Page 1 of 3)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: The roof area covered by building integrated photovoltaic panels and building integrated solar thermal

124

SCE Roof Project Solar Power Plant | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

SCE Roof Project Solar Power Plant SCE Roof Project Solar Power Plant Jump to: navigation, search Name SCE Roof Project Solar Power Plant Facility SCE Roof Project Sector Solar Facility Type Photovoltaic Developer First Solar Location California Coordinates 36.778261°, -119.4179324° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":36.778261,"lon":-119.4179324,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

125

Evaporative Roof Cooling- A Simple Solution to Cut Cooling Costs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Since the “Energy Crisis” Evaporative Roof Cooling Systems have gained increased acceptance as a cost effective method to reduce the high cost of air conditioning. Documented case histories in retro-fit installations show direct energy savings...

Abernethy, D.

126

Countries Commit to White Roofs, Potentially Offsetting the Emissions...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

public health benefits. Encourages global cooling. I am delighted to learn that India, Mexico, and the United States have signed up to join the Cool Roofs Working Group, announced...

127

Developing Energy Efficient Roof Systems DEERS | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Roof Systems DEERS Roof Systems DEERS Jump to: navigation, search Name Developing Energy Efficient Roof Systems (DEERS) Place Ripon, California Zip 95366 Sector Solar Product Developer of roof top solar PV projects. Coordinates 43.84582°, -88.837054° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.84582,"lon":-88.837054,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

128

Countries Commit to White Roofs, Potentially Offsetting the Emissions of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Countries Commit to White Roofs, Potentially Offsetting the Countries Commit to White Roofs, Potentially Offsetting the Emissions of Over 300 Power Plants Countries Commit to White Roofs, Potentially Offsetting the Emissions of Over 300 Power Plants April 8, 2011 - 4:26pm Addthis Dr. Art Rosenfeld Distinguished Scientist Emeritus at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory What does this project do? Builds energy savings. Promotes heat island mitigation and public health benefits. Encourages global cooling. I am delighted to learn that India, Mexico, and the United States have signed up to join the Cool Roofs Working Group, announced yesterday at the second Clean Energy Ministerial in Abu Dhabi. This working group was offered as part of the Clean Energy Ministerial, which is a high-level global forum to promote policies and programs that advance clean energy

129

Soiling of building envelope surfaces and its effect on solar reflectance - Part II: Development of an accelerate aging method for roofing materials  

SciTech Connect

Highly reflective roofs can decrease the energy required for building air conditioning, help mitigate the urban heat island effect, and slow global warming. However, these benefits are diminished by soiling and weathering processes that reduce the solar reflectance of most roofing materials. Soiling results from the deposition of atmospheric particulate matter and the growth of microorganisms, each of which absorb sunlight. Weathering of materials occurs with exposure to water, sunlight, and high temperatures. This study developed an accelerated aging method that incorporates features of soiling and weathering. The method sprays a calibrated aqueous soiling mixture of dust minerals, black carbon, humic acid, and salts onto preconditioned coupons of roofing materials, then subjects the soiled coupons to cycles of ultraviolet radiation, heat and water in a commercial weatherometer. Three soiling mixtures were optimized to reproduce the site-specific solar spectral reflectance features of roofing products exposed for 3 years in a hot and humid climate (Miami, Florida); a hot and dry climate (Phoenix, Arizona); and a polluted atmosphere in a temperate climate (Cleveland, Ohio). A fourth mixture was designed to reproduce the three-site average values of solar reflectance and thermal emittance attained after 3 years of natural exposure, which the Cool Roof Rating Council (CRRC) uses to rate roofing products sold in the US. This accelerated aging method was applied to 25 products?single ply membranes, factory and field applied coatings, tiles, modified bitumen cap sheets, and asphalt shingles?and reproduced in 3 days the CRRC's 3-year aged values of solar reflectance. This accelerated aging method can be used to speed the evaluation and rating of new cool roofing materials.

Sleiman, Mohamad; Kirchstetter, Thomas W.; Berdahl, Paul; Gilbert, Haley; Quelen, Sarah; Marlot, Lea; Preble, Chelsea; Chen, Sharon; Montalbano, Amadine; Rosseler, Olivier; Akbari, Hashem; Levinson, Ronnen; Destaillats, Hugo

2013-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

130

Potential benefits of cool roofs on commercial buildings: conserving  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

cool roofs on commercial buildings: conserving cool roofs on commercial buildings: conserving energy, saving money, and reducing emission of greenhouse gases and air pollutants Title Potential benefits of cool roofs on commercial buildings: conserving energy, saving money, and reducing emission of greenhouse gases and air pollutants Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2010 Authors Levinson, Ronnen M., and Hashem Akbari Journal Energy Efficiency Volume 3 Pagination 53-109 Publisher Springer Netherlands ISSN 1570-646X Keywords cool roof, Heat Island Abstract Cool roofs-roofs that stay cool in the sun by minimizing solar absorption and maximizing thermal emission-lessen the flow of heat from the roof into the building, reducing the need for space cooling energy in conditioned buildings. Cool roofs may also increase the need for heating energy in cold climates. For a commercial building, the decrease in annual cooling load is typically much greater than the increase in annual heating load. This study combines building energy simulations, local energy prices, local electricity emission factors, and local estimates of building density to characterize local, state average, and national average cooling energy savings, heating energy penalties, energy cost savings, and emission reductions per unit conditioned roof area. The annual heating and cooling energy uses of four commercial building prototypes-new office (1980+), old office (pre-1980), new retail (1980+), and old retail (pre-1980)-were simulated in 236 US cities. Substituting a weathered cool white roof (solar reflectance 0.55) for a weathered conventional gray roof (solar reflectance 0.20) yielded annually a cooling energy saving per unit conditioned roof area ranging from 3.30 kWh/m2 in Alaska to 7.69 kWh/m2 in Arizona (5.02 kWh/m2 nationwide); a heating energy penalty ranging from 0.003 therm/m2 in Hawaii to 0.14 therm/m2 in Wyoming (0.065 therm/m2 nationwide); and an energy cost saving ranging from $0.126/m2 in West Virginia to $1.14/m2 in Arizona ($0.356/m2 nationwide). It also offered annually a CO2 reduction ranging from 1.07 kg/m2 in Alaska to 4.97 kg/m2 in Hawaii (3.02 kg/m2 nationwide); an NOx reduction ranging from 1.70 g/m2 in New York to 11.7 g/m2 in Hawaii (4.81 g/m2 nationwide); an SO2 reduction ranging from 1.79 g/m2 in California to 26.1 g/m2 in Alabama (12.4 g/m2 nationwide); and an Hg reduction ranging from 1.08 ÎĽg/m2 in Alaska to 105 ÎĽg/m2 in Alabama (61.2 ÎĽg/m2 nationwide). Retrofitting 80% of the 2.58 billion square meters of commercial building conditioned roof area in the USA would yield an annual cooling energy saving of 10.4 TWh; an annual heating energy penalty of 133 million therms; and an annual energy cost saving of $735 million. It would also offer an annual CO2 reduction of 6.23 Mt, offsetting the annual CO2 emissions of 1.20 million typical cars or 25.4 typical peak power plants; an annual NOx reduction of 9.93 kt, offsetting the annual NOx emissions of 0.57 million cars or 65.7 peak power plants; an annual SO2 reduction of 25.6 kt, offsetting the annual SO2 emissions of 815 peak power plants; and an annual Hg reduction of 126 kg.

131

Top-of-atmosphere radiative cooling with white roofs: experimental  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Top-of-atmosphere radiative cooling with white roofs: experimental Top-of-atmosphere radiative cooling with white roofs: experimental verification and model-based evaluation Title Top-of-atmosphere radiative cooling with white roofs: experimental verification and model-based evaluation Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2012 Authors Salamanca, Francisco, Shaheen R. Tonse, Surabi Menon, Vishal Garg, Krishna P. Singh, Manish Naja, and Marc L. Fischer Journal Environmental Research Letters Volume 7 Issue 4 Abstract We evaluate differences in clear-sky upwelling shortwave radiation reaching the top of the atmosphere in response to increasing the albedo of roof surfaces in an area of India with moderately high aerosol loading. Treated (painted white) and untreated (unpainted) roofs on two buildings in northeast India were analyzed on five cloudless days using radiometric imagery from the IKONOS satellite. Comparison of a radiative transfer model (RRTMG) and radiometric satellite observations shows good agreement (R2 = 0.927). Results show a mean increase of ~50 W m-2 outgoing at the top of the atmosphere for each 0.1 increase of the albedo at the time of the observations and a strong dependence on atmospheric transmissivity.

132

Empirically Derived Strength of Residential Roof Structures for Solar Installations.  

SciTech Connect

Engineering certification for the installation of solar photovoltaic (PV) modules on wood roofs is often denied because existing wood roofs do not meet structural design codes. This work is intended to show that many roofs are actually sufficiently strong given the conservatism in codes, documented allowable strengths, roof structure system effects, and beam composite action produced by joist-sheathing interaction. This report provides results from a testing program to provide actual load carrying capacity of residential rooftops. The results reveal that the actual load carrying capacity of structural members and systems tested are significantly stronger than allowable loads provided by the International Residential Code (IRC 2009) and the national structural code found in Minimum Design Loads for Buildings and Other Structures (ASCE 7-10). Engineering analysis of residential rooftops typically ignores the system affects and beam composite action in determining rooftop stresses given a potential PV installation. This extreme conservatism combined with conservatism in codes and published allowable stress values for roof building materials (NDS 2012) lead to the perception that well built homes may not have adequate load bearing capacity to enable a rooftop PV installation. However, based on the test results presented in this report of residential rooftop structural systems, the actual load bearing capacity is several times higher than published values (NDS 2012).

Dwyer, Stephen F.; Sanchez, Alfred; Campos, Ivan A.; Gerstle, Walter H.

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Siding | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

search TODO: Add description List of Siding Incentives Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleSiding&oldid267193" Category: Articles with outstanding TODO tasks...

134

Energy 101: Cool Roofs | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

on top of a building to provide several benefits, including reduced energy use, reduced air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions, and enhanced water quality. For more...

135

Daylighter Daily Solar Roof Light | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Daylighter Daily Solar Roof Light Daylighter Daily Solar Roof Light Jump to: navigation, search Name Daylighter Daily Solar Roof Light Address 1991 Crocker Road, Suite 600 Place Cleveland, Ohio Zip 44145 Sector Solar Product Installation; Manufacturing Phone number 440-892-3312 Website http://www.SolarLightisFree.co Coordinates 41.4648875°, -81.9506519° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.4648875,"lon":-81.9506519,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

136

Building integrated photovoltaic (BIPV) roofs for sustainability and energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

integrated photovoltaic (BIPV) roofs for sustainability and energy integrated photovoltaic (BIPV) roofs for sustainability and energy efficiency Title Building integrated photovoltaic (BIPV) roofs for sustainability and energy efficiency Publication Type Report Year of Publication 2013 Authors Ly, Peter, George Ban-Weiss, Nathan Finch, Craig Wray, Mark de Ogburn, William W. Delp, Hashem Akbari, Scott Smaby, Ronnen Levinson, and Bret Gean Corporate Authors SEI Group Inc. Document Number ESTCP EW-200813 Pagination 156 pp. Date Published 09/2013 Publisher Naval Facilities Engineering Command - Engineering and Expeditionary Warfare Center Type Technical Report Report Number TR-NAVFAC-EXWC-PW-1303 Keywords Buildings Energy Efficiency, energy efficiency, Energy Usage, renewable energy, Renewable Energy: Policy & Programs Abstract

137

Solare Cell Roof Tile And Method Of Forming Same  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A solar cell roof tile includes a front support layer, a transparent encapsulant layer, a plurality of interconnected solar cells and a backskin layer. The front support layer is formed of light transmitting material and has first and second surfaces. The transparent encapsulant layer is disposed adjacent the second surface of the front support layer. The interconnected solar cells has a first surface disposed adjacent the transparent encapsulant layer. The backskin layer has a first surface disposed adjacent a second surface of the interconnected solar cells, wherein a portion of the backskin layer wraps around and contacts the first surface of the front support layer to form the border region. A portion of the border region has an extended width. The solar cell roof tile may have stand-offs disposed on the extended width border region for providing vertical spacing with respect to an adjacent solar cell roof tile.

Hanoka, Jack I. (Brookline, MA); Real, Markus (Oberberg, CH)

1999-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

138

Preliminary Analysis of Energy Consumption for Cool Roofing Measures  

SciTech Connect

The spread of cool roofing has been more than prolific over the last decade. Driven by public demand and by government initiatives cool roofing has been a recognized low cost method to reduce energy demand by reflecting sunlight away from structures and back in to the atmosphere. While much of the country can benefit from the use of cool coatings it remains to be seen whether the energy savings described are appropriate in cooler climates. By use of commonly available calculators one can analyze the potential energy savings based on environmental conditions and construction practices.

Mellot, Joe [The Garland Company] [The Garland Company; Sanyal, Jibonananda [ORNL] [ORNL; New, Joshua Ryan [ORNL] [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Energy Saving 'Cool Roofs' Installed at Y-12 | Y-12 National Security  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Saving 'Cool ... Saving 'Cool ... Energy Saving 'Cool Roofs' Installed at Y-12 Posted: October 17, 2012 - 4:08pm The Y-12 National Security Complex has taken additional steps to reduce its energy costs by installing almost 100,000 square feet of new heat reflective "cool" roofs at the Oak Ridge, Tennessee facility. The latest Y-12 cool roofs were added to Buildings 9204-2E and 9103. Fifteen percent of roofs at Y-12 are currently equipped with cool roof technology. This technology is expected to be applied to the majority of the roofs at Y-12. "Replacing older, heat-absorbing roofs with the heat-reflective cool roofs is part of NNSA's strategy to achieve energy and cost efficiencies," said Robert "Dino" Herrera, Facilities and Infrastructure Recapitalization Program Manager. "We strive to lead the

140

Prestress Losses in the Stabilizing Cables of a Composite Saddle-Shaped Cable Roof  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper deals with a square composite saddle-shaped cable roof 30 × 30 m in the plan, which is formed by two orthogonal cable groups joined with a compliant support contour. ... of the roof is achieved by prest...

D. Serdjuks; K. Rocens; L. Pakrastinsh

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "roofs siding water" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Become One In A Million: Partnership Updates. Million Solar Roofs and Interstate Renewable Energy Council Annual Meeting, Washington, D.C., October 2005  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy's Million Solar Roofs Initiative (MSR) is a unique public-private partnership aimed at overcoming market barriers for photovoltaics (PV), solar water heating, transpired solar collectors, solar space heating and cooling, and pool heating. This report contains annual progress reports from 866 partners across the United States.

Tombari, C.

2005-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

AUTOMATED MODELING OF 3D BUILDING ROOFS USING IMAGE AND LIDAR DATA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AUTOMATED MODELING OF 3D BUILDING ROOFS USING IMAGE AND LIDAR DATA N. Demir* , E. Baltsavias, Detection, 3D Modelling ABSTRACT: In this work, an automated approach for 3D building roof modelling on the 3D building roof modelling. Buildings have a critical role for 3D city models, decision support

Schindler, Konrad

143

DOE Science Showcase - Cool roofs, cool research, at DOE | OSTI, US Dept of  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Cool roofs, cool research, at DOE Cool roofs, cool research, at DOE Science Accelerator returns cool roof documents from 6 DOE Databases Executive Order on Sustainability Secretary Chu Announces Steps to Implement One Cool Roof Cool Roofs Lead to Cooler Cities Guidelines for Selecting Cool Roofs DOE Cool Roof Calculator Visit the Science Showcase homepage. OSTI Homepage Mobile Gallery Subscribe to RSS OSTI Blog Get Widgets Get Alert Services OSTI Facebook OSTI Twitter OSTI Google+ Bookmark and Share (Link will open in a new window) Go to Videos Loading... Stop news scroll Most Visited Adopt-A-Doc DOE Data Explorer DOE Green Energy DOepatents DOE R&D Accomplishments .EDUconnections Energy Science and Technology Software Center E-print Network National Library of Energy OSTIblog Science.gov Science Accelerator

144

Side Stream Filtration for Cooling Towers  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Report assesses side stream filtration options for cooling towers with an objective to assess key attributes that optimize energy and water savings and provide information about specific technology and implementation options.

145

Thermal Performance Evaluation of Innovative Metal Building Roof Assemblies  

SciTech Connect

In order to meet the coming energy codes, multiple layers of various insulation types will be required. The demand for greater efficiency has pushed insulation levels beyond the cavity depth. These experiments show the potential for improving metal building roof thermal performance. Additional work is currently being done by several stakeholders, so the data is expanding. These experiments are for research and development purposes, and may not be viable for immediate use.

Walker, Daniel James [ORNL; Zaltash, Abdolreza [ORNL; Atchley, Jerald Allen [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Equilibrium thermal characteristics of a building integrated photovoltaic tiled roof  

SciTech Connect

Photovoltaic (PV) modules attain high temperatures when exposed to a combination of high radiation levels and elevated ambient temperatures. The temperature rise can be particularly problematic for fully building integrated PV (BIPV) roof tile systems if back ventilation is restricted. PV laminates could suffer yield degradation and accelerated aging in these conditions. This paper presents a laboratory based experimental investigation undertaken to determine the potential for high temperature operation in such a BIPV installation. This is achieved by ascertaining the dependence of the PV roof tile temperature on incident radiation and ambient temperature. A theory based correction was developed to account for the unrealistic sky temperature of the solar simulator used in the experiments. The particular PV roof tiles used are warranted up to an operational temperature of 85 C, anything above this temperature will void the warranty because of potential damage to the integrity of the encapsulation. As a guide for installers, a map of southern Europe has been generated indicating locations where excessive module temperatures might be expected and thus where installation is inadvisable. (author)

Mei, L.; Gottschalg, R.; Loveday, D.L. [Centre for Renewable Energy Systems Technology (CREST), Department of Electronic and Electrical Engineering, Loughborough University, Loughborough, Leicestershire, LE11 3TU (United Kingdom); Infield, D.G. [Institute of Energy and Environment, Department of Electronic and Electrical Engineering, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, G1 1XW (United Kingdom); Davies, D.; Berry, M. [Solarcentury, 91-94 Lower Marsh Waterloo, London, SE1 7AB (United Kingdom)

2009-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

147

A Study of the Energy-Saving Potential of Metal Roofs Incorporating Dynamic Insulation Systems  

SciTech Connect

This article presents various metal roof configurations that were tested at Oak Ridge National Laboratory in Tennessee, U.S. between 2009 and 2013, and describes their potential for reducing the attic-generated space-conditioning loads. These roofs contained different combinations of phase-change material, rigid insulation, low emittance surface, and above-sheathing ventilation with standing-seam metal panels on top. These roofs were designed to be installed on existing roofs decks, or on top of asphalt shingles for retrofit construction. All the tested roofs showed the potential for substantial energy savings compared to an asphalt shingle roof, which was used as a control for comparison. The roofs were constructed on a series of adjacent attics separated at the gables using thick foam insulation. The attics were built on top of a conditioned room. All attics were vented at the soffit and ridge. The test roofs and attics were instrumented with an array of thermocouples. Heat flux transducers were installed in the roof deck and attic floor (ceiling) to measure the heat flows through the roof and between the attic and conditioned space below. Temperature and heat flux data were collected during the heating, cooling and swing seasons over a three-year period. Data from previous years of testing have been published. Here, data from the latest roof configurations being tested in year three of the project are presented. All test roofs were highly effective in reducing the heat flows through the roof and ceiling, and in reducing the diurnal attic-temperature fluctuations.

Biswas, Kaushik [ORNL; Miller, William A [ORNL; Kriner, Scott [Metal Construction Association, Glenview, IL; Manlove, Gary [Metanna, Monument, CO

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Secretary Chu Announces Steps to Implement Cool Roofs at DOE and Across the  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Steps to Implement Cool Roofs at DOE and Steps to Implement Cool Roofs at DOE and Across the Federal Government Secretary Chu Announces Steps to Implement Cool Roofs at DOE and Across the Federal Government July 19, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis Washington - U.S. Department of Energy Secretary Steven Chu today announced a series of initiatives underway at the Department of Energy to more broadly implement cool roof technologies on DOE facilities and buildings across the federal government. Cool roofs use lighter-colored roofing surfaces or special coatings to reflect more of the sun's heat, helping improve building efficiency by reducing cooling costs and offsetting carbon emissions. President Obama and Secretary Chu have made clear that the federal government should play a leading role in moving the nation toward a more

149

Ethnography of Cool Roof Retrofits: The Role of Rebates in the Materials Selection Process  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

you  qualify  for  a  rebate?   Was  that  a  deciding  Retrofits: The Role of Rebates in the Materials Selectionwho   had  received  a  rebate  for  their  cool  roof  

Mazur-Stommen, Susan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Performance Comparison of a BIPV Roofing Tile System in Two Mounting Configurations: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

This work examined the thermal and power characteristics of a building-integrated photovoltaic (BIPV) roofing system using two installation techniques, counter-batten and direct-mount.

Muller, M. T.; Rodrigeuz, J.; Marion, B.

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Asphalt Roofing Shingles Into Energy Project Summary Report  

SciTech Connect

Based on a widely cited September, 1999 report by the Vermont Agency of Natural Resources, nearly 11 million tons of asphalt roofing shingle wastes are produced in the United States each year. Recent data suggests that the total is made up of about 9.4 million tons from roofing tear-offs and about 1.6 million tons from manufacturing scrap. Developing beneficial uses for these materials would conserve natural resources, promote protection of the environment and strengthen the economy. This project explored the feasibility of using chipped asphalt shingle materials in cement manufacturing kilns and circulating fluidized bed (CFB) boilers. A method of enhancing the value of chipped shingle materials for use as fuel by removing certain fractions for use as substitute raw materials for the manufacture of new shingles was also explored. Procedures were developed to prevent asbestos containing materials from being processed at the chipping facilities, and the frequency of the occurrence of asbestos in residential roofing tear-off materials was evaluated. The economic feasibility of each potential use was evaluated based on experience gained during the project and on a review of the well established use of shingle materials in hot mix asphalt. This project demonstrated that chipped asphalt shingle materials can be suitable for use as fuel in circulating fluidized boilers and cement kilns. More experience would be necessary to determine the full benefits that could be derived and to discover long term effects, but no technical barriers to full scale commercial use of chipped asphalt shingle materials in these applications were discovered. While the technical feasibility of various options was demonstrated, only the use of asphalt shingle materials in hot mix asphalt applications is currently viable economically.

Jameson, Rex, PE

2008-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

152

CAVERN ROOF STABILITY FOR NATURAL GAS STORAGE IN BEDDED SALT  

SciTech Connect

This report documents research performed to develop a new stress-based criterion for predicting the onset of damage in salt formations surrounding natural gas storage caverns. Laboratory tests were conducted to investigate the effects of shear stress, mean stress, pore pressure, temperature, and Lode angle on the strength and creep characteristics of salt. The laboratory test data were used in the development of the new criterion. The laboratory results indicate that the strength of salt strongly depends on the mean stress and Lode angle. The strength of the salt does not appear to be sensitive to temperature. Pore pressure effects were not readily apparent until a significant level of damage was induced and the permeability was increased to allow penetration of the liquid permeant. Utilizing the new criterion, numerical simulations were used to estimate the minimum allowable gas pressure for hypothetical storage caverns located in a bedded salt formation. The simulations performed illustrate the influence that cavern roof span, depth, roof salt thickness, shale thickness, and shale stiffness have on the allowable operating pressure range. Interestingly, comparison of predictions using the new criterion with that of a commonly used criterion indicate that lower minimum gas pressures may be allowed for caverns at shallow depths. However, as cavern depth is increased, less conservative estimates for minimum gas pressure were determined by the new criterion.

Kerry L. DeVries; Kirby D. Mellegard; Gary D. Callahan; William M. Goodman

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Potential benefits of cool roofs on commercial buildings: conserving energy, saving money, and reducing emission of greenhouse gases and air pollutants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Cool roofs—roofs that stay cool in the sun by minimizing solar absorption and maximizing thermal emission—lessen the flow of heat from the roof into the building, reducing the need for space cooling energy in con...

Ronnen Levinson; Hashem Akbari

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

GREEN ROOFS -A BMP FOR URBAN STORMWATER QUALITY? Brett V. Long1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GREEN ROOFS - A BMP FOR URBAN STORMWATER QUALITY? Brett V. Long1 , A.M.ASCE, Shirley E. Clark2 , M: khb4@psu.edu ABSTRACT The focus of this research is the impact of green roofs on urban stormwater a mix that produced the "best" overall reduction in pollutants from simulated rainwater. Because

Clark, Shirley E.

155

Effects of Urban Surfaces and White Roofs on Global and Regional Climate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Land use, vegetation, albedo, and soil-type data are combined in a global model that accounts for roofs and roads at near their actual resolution to quantify the effects of urban surface and white roofs on climate. In 2005, ~0.128% of the ...

Mark Z. Jacobson; John E. Ten Hoeve

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

VEGETATED ROOFS FOR URBAN ECOSYSTEM REMEDIATION: PERFORMANCE AND POLICY IN THE TANYARD BRANCH WATERSHED  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

VEGETATED ROOFS FOR URBAN ECOSYSTEM REMEDIATION: PERFORMANCE AND POLICY IN THE TANYARD BRANCH their environmental impact, innovative practices must be developed that replace ecosystem services lost during systems for urban ecosystem remediation. The stormwater retention performance of a thin-layer green roof

Rosemond, Amy Daum

157

A guidebook for insulated low-slope roof systems. IEA Annex 19, Low-slope roof systems: International Energy Agency Energy Conservation in Buildings and Community Systems Programme  

SciTech Connect

Low-slope roof systems are common on commercial and industrial buildings and, to a lesser extent, on residential buildings. Although insulating materials have nearly always been a component of low-slope roofs, the amount of insulation used has increased in the past two decades because of escalation of heating and cooling costs and increased awareness of the need for energy conservation. As the amount of insulation has increased, the demand has intensified for design, installation, and maintenance information specifically for well-insulated roofs. Existing practices for design, installation, and maintenance of insulated roofs have evolved from experience. Typically, these practices feature compromises due to the different properties of materials making up a given roof system. Therefore, they should be examined from time to time to ensure that they are appropriate as new materials continue to enter the market and as the data base on existing systems expands. A primary purpose of this International Energy Agency (IEA) study is to assess current roofing insulation practices in the context of an accumulating data base on performance.

Not Available

1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Prospects of green roof technology for energy and thermal benefits in buildings: Case of Jordan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Heat transfer has a substantial impact on thermal comfort for indoor architectural spaces, which is mainly dependent on building envelopes. Improving the quality of indoor spaces means applying a climate-conscious design that is very beneficial in decreasing energy consumption in buildings. In this paper, a study based on thermal calculations and computer simulation is conducted to demonstrate the thermal benefits on energy saving as an approach to increase energy efficiency through green roof technology. The study focuses on roof surfaces as they account for a large portion of the insulation impact on built environments. A comparison between regular roof and green roof technologies was conducted to explore the effect of green roof materials on thermal transmittance and eventually on energy consumption of HVAC systems in buildings.

Jawdat Goussous; Hadi Siam; Hussain Alzoubi

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Monitoring energy reduction through applying green roofs to residential buildings in Dubai  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Green roofing in a building has many advantages including absorbing rainwater, providing thermal insulation, enhancing the ecology, creating a peaceful retreat for people and animals, improving air quality and helping to offset the air temperature and heat island effect. The aim of this paper is to monitor energy saving in the residential buildings of Dubai after applying green roofing techniques. The paper also attempts to provide a thermal analysis after the application of green roofs. A villa in Dubai was chosen as a case study. With the aid of energy simulation software, namely DesignBuilder, as well as manual recording and calculations, the energy savings after applying the green roofing were detected. To that extent, the paper draws some recommendations with regard to the types of green roofing that should be used in these particular climatic conditions based on this real experiment that took place over a one year period.

Hanan Taleb

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Numerical evaluation of the thermal performances of roof-mounted radiant barriers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper deals with the thermal performances of roof-mounted radiant barriers. Using dynamic simulations of a mathematical model of a whole test cell including a radiant barrier installed between the roof top and the ceiling, the thermal performance of the roof is calculated. The mean method is more particularly used to assess the thermal resistance of the building component and lead to a value which is compared to the one obtained for a mass insulation product such as polyurethane foam. On a further stage, the thermal mathematical model is replaced by a thermo-aeraulic model which is used to evaluate the thermal resistance of the roof as a function of the airflow rate. The results shows a better performance of the roof in this new configuration, which is widely used in practice. Finally, the mathematical relation between the thermal resistance and the airflow rate is proposed.

Miranville, Frédéric; Lucas, Franck; Johan, Seriacaroupin

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "roofs siding water" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Seismic Evidence For A Hydrothermal Layer Above The Solid Roof Of The Axial  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Evidence For A Hydrothermal Layer Above The Solid Roof Of The Axial Evidence For A Hydrothermal Layer Above The Solid Roof Of The Axial Magma Chamber At The Southern East Pacific Rise Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Seismic Evidence For A Hydrothermal Layer Above The Solid Roof Of The Axial Magma Chamber At The Southern East Pacific Rise Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: A full-waveform inversion of two-ship, wide-aperture, seismic reflection data from a ridge-crest seismic line at the southern East Pacific Rise indicates that the axial magma chamber here is about 50 m thick, is embedded within a solid roof, and has a solid floor. The 50-60-m-thick roof is overlain by a 150-200-m-thick low-velocity zone that may correspond to a fracture zone that hosts the hydrothermal circulation,

162

Application of Spray Foam Insulation Under Plywood and Oriented Strand Board Roof Sheathing  

SciTech Connect

Unvented roof strategies with open cell and closed cell spray polyurethane foam insulation sprayed to the underside of roof sheathing have been used since the mid-1990's to provide durable and efficient building enclosures. However, there have been isolated moisture related incidents reported anecdotally that raise potential concerns about the overall hygrothermal performance of these systems. The incidents related to rainwater leakage and condensation concerns. Condensation concerns have been extensively studied by others and are not further discussed in this report. This project involved hygrothermal modeling of a range of rainwater leakage and field evaluations of in-service residential roofs using spray foam insulation. All of the roof assemblies modeled exhibited drying capacity to handle minor rainwater leakage. All field evaluation locations of in-service residential roofs had moisture contents well within the safe range for wood-based sheathing. Explorations of eleven in-service roof systems were completed. The exploration involved taking a sample of spray foam from the underside of the roof sheathing, exposing the sheathing, then taking a moisture content reading. All locations had moisture contents well within the safe range for wood-based sheathing. One full-roof failure was reviewed, as an industry partner was involved with replacing structurally failed roof sheathing. In this case the manufacturer's investigation report concluded that the spray foam was installed on wet OSB based on the observation that the spray foam did not adhere well to the substrate and the pore structure of the closed cell spray foam at the ccSPF/OSB interface was indicative of a wet substrate.

Grin, A.; Smegal, J.; Lstiburek, J.

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

NREL: Learning - Solar Hot Water  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hot Water Hot Water Photo of solar collectors on a roof for a solar hot water system. For solar hot water systems, flat-plate solar collectors are typically installed facing south on a rooftop. The shallow water of a lake is usually warmer than the deep water. That's because the sunlight can heat the lake bottom in the shallow areas, which in turn, heats the water. It's nature's way of solar water heating. The sun can be used in basically the same way to heat water used in buildings and swimming pools. Most solar water heating systems for buildings have two main parts: a solar collector and a storage tank. The most common collector is called a flat-plate collector. Mounted on the roof, it consists of a thin, flat, rectangular box with a transparent cover that faces the sun. Small tubes

164

Indirect Benefits (Increased Roof Life and HVAC Savings) from a Solar PV System at the San José Convention Center  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The City of San José is considering the installation of a solar photovoltaic (PV) system on the roof of the San José Convention Center. The installation would be on a lower section of the roof covering approximately 21,000 ft2. To assist city staff in making a decision on the PV installation, the Department of Energy Tiger Team has investigated potential indirect benefits of installing a solar PV system on the Convention Center roof. The indirect benefits include potential increase in roof life, as well as potential reduced heating and cooling load in the building due to roof shading from the PV system.

165

Dynamic thermal simulation of a glass-covered semi-outdoor space with roof evaporative cooling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the hot season solar radiation impinging on a glass roofing may overheat the underneath space to temperature values which may generate a high stress environment. To moderate the extreme microclimate which may occur in a glass covered semi-outdoor space, evaporative cooling to be applied to the glass roof is suggested. The analysis is performed under both the thermal and the energetic point of view, by accounting for the actual climate of the considered location. The results point out that roof evaporative cooling coupled with glass sheet high solar radiation absorptivity may offer an attractive way for the control of a semi-outdoor environment.

G. Pagliarini; S. Rainieri

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Advances in Measuring Solar Reflectance-or, Why That Roof isn't as Cool  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Advances in Measuring Solar Reflectance-or, Why That Roof isn't as Cool Advances in Measuring Solar Reflectance-or, Why That Roof isn't as Cool as You Thought it Was Speaker(s): Ronnen Levinson Date: June 30, 2009 - 12:00pm Location: LBNL Bldg. 66 Auditorium Solar reflectance is often used to estimate the solar heat gain and rate the "coolness" of roofs and pavements. A solar reflectance property measured by two popular ASTM standard test methods (E903, C1549) can underestimate the peak solar heat gain of a spectrally selective "cool colored" surface by nearly 100 W m-2 because it assumes that sunlight contains an unrealistically high fraction of near-infrared (invisible) energy. Its use in building energy simulations can overestimate cool-roof annual energy savings by more than 20%. I define a new and simple solar

167

Uncertainty analysis and validation of the estimation of effective hydraulic properties: application to green roof  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the hydraulic properties of each component of the GRS, namely bark compost and pozzolan, were ob- tained comparisons with conventional roofs. For that purpose13 they developped an energy balance model adapated to GR

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

168

Evaluation of Vegetative Roofs' Performance on Energy Consumption in Hot and Humid Climates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

States are incorporating vegetative roofs. The development in 1998 of the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) Rating System, a voluntary green building standard for grading buildings for their environmental performance, has..., we consulted online and in-print publications on vegetative roofs and sustainable architecture. In addition, we approached the U.S. Green Building Council's LEED program, since it is likely that such buildings are LEED certified, or have applied...

Anderson, J.; Azarbayjani, M.

169

Assessment and management of roof fall risks in underground coal mines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Accidents caused by roof falls are commonly faced problems of underground coal mines. These accidents may have detrimental effects on workers in the form of injury, disability or fatality as well as mining company due to downtimes, interruptions in the mining operations, equipment breakdowns, etc. This study proposes a risk and decision analysis methodology for the assessment and management of risk associated with mine roof falls in underground coal mines. In the proposed methodology, risk assessment requires the determination of probabilities, possible consequences and cost of consequences. Then the risk is managed by the application of decision-making principles. The probabilities are determined by the analysis of 1141 roof fall data from 12 underground mines in the Appalachian region. The consequences are assessed based on the type of injuries observed after roof falls and the place of the mining activity. The cost of consequences is modeled by the so-called “relative cost criterion”. A decision analysis framework is developed in order to manage the evaluated risk for a single mine. Then this model is extended to a regional model for the management of the roof fall risks in the mines of whole Appalachia. The proposed model is illustrated with an example and it is found to be a powerful technique for coping with uncertainties and the management of roof fall risks.

H.S.B. Duzgun; H.H. Einstein

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

The Trade-off between Solar Reflectance and Above-Sheathing Ventilation for Metal Roofs on Residential and Commercial Buildings  

SciTech Connect

An alternative to white and cool-color roofs that meets prescriptive requirements for steep-slope (residential and non-residential) and low-slope (non-residential) roofing has been documented. Roofs fitted with an inclined air space above the sheathing (herein termed above-sheathing ventilation, or ASV), performed as well as if not better than high-reflectance, high-emittance roofs fastened directly to the deck. Field measurements demonstrated the benefit of roofs designed with ASV. A computer tool was benchmarked against the field data. Testing and benchmarks were conducted at roofs inclined at 18.34 ; the roof span from soffit to ridge was 18.7 ft (5.7 m). The tool was then exercised to compute the solar reflectance needed by a roof equipped with ASV to exhibit the same annual cooling load as that for a direct-to-deck cool-color roof. A painted metal roof with an air space height of 0.75 in. (0.019 m) and spanning 18.7 ft (5.7 m) up the roof incline of 18.34 needed only a 0.10 solar reflectance to exhibit the same annual cooling load as a direct-to-deck cool-color metal roof (solar reflectance of 0.25). This held for all eight ASHRAE climate zones complying with ASHRAE 90.1 (2007a). A dark heat-absorbing roof fitted with 1.5 in. (0.038 m) air space spanning 18.7 ft (5.7 m) and inclined at 18.34 was shown to have a seasonal cooling load equivalent to that of a conventional direct-to-deck cool-color metal roof. Computations for retrofit application based on ASHRAE 90.1 (1980) showed that ASV air spaces of either 0.75 or 1.5 in. (0.019 and 0.038 m) would permit black roofs to have annual cooling loads equivalent to the direct-to-deck cool roof. Results are encouraging, and a parametric study of roof slope and ASV aspect ratio is needed for developing guidelines applicable to all steep- and low-slope roof applications.

Desjarlais, Andre Omer [ORNL] [ORNL; Kriner, Scott [Metal Construction Association, Glenview, IL] [Metal Construction Association, Glenview, IL; Miller, William A [ORNL] [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Marketing Demand-Side Management  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

they the only game in town, enjoying a captive market. Demand-side management (DSM) again surfaced as a method for increasing customer value and meeting these competitive challenges. In designing and implementing demand-side management (DSM) programs we... have learned a great deal about what it takes to market and sell DSM. This paper focuses on how to successfully market demand-side management. KEY STEPS TO MARKETING DEMAND-SIDE MANAGEMENT Management Commitment The first key element in marketing...

O'Neill, M. L.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Geologic factors in coal mine roof stability--a progress report. Information circular/1984. [Effects of moisture  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes 10 selected Bureau of Mines research contract reports produced from 1970 to 1980 which consist largely of geologic studies of coal mine roof support problems. Significant highlights from the contract final reports are discussed and presented in practical terms. The selected reports focus on the Appalachian and Illinois coal mining regions. In the Appalachian coal region, two geologic structures, roof rolls and slickensides, predominate over all structures as features that directly contribute to roof falls. Studies of these and other structures are reviewed, and improved methods of utilizing drill core and core logs to prepare hazard maps are presented. Among the reports described are several on the weakening effects of moisture on shale roof, as determined from both laboratory and underground measurements, and an assessment of air tempering as a humidity-control method. Also summarized are findings concerning the time lapse between roof exposure and permanent support installation as a factor in the effectiveness of roof bolting.

Moebs, N.N.; Stateham, R.M.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Condition Assessment Survey (CAS) Program. Deficiency standards and inspections methods manual: Volume 5, 0.05 Roofing  

SciTech Connect

General information is presented for asset determinant factor/CAS repair codes/CAS cost factors; guide sheet tool & material listing; testing methods; inspection frequency; standard system design life tables; and system work breakdown structure. Deficiency standards and inspection methods are presented for built-up membrane; single- ply membrane; metal roofing systems; coated foam membrane; shingles; tiles; parapets; roof drainage system; roof specialties; and skylights.

Not Available

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

Water resources planning under climate change and variability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

transfers or options. Demand-side management includes thepricing schemes, and demand-side management for urban water,of alternate demand side management, particularly

O'Hara, Jeffrey Keith

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Design Principles and Case Study Analysis for Low Impact Development Practices - Green Roofs, Rainwater Harvesting and Vegetated Swales.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis on Low Impact Development (LID) Practices provides design guidelines and principles for three important LID practices: green roofs, rainwater harvesting and bioswales. The… (more)

Ramesh, Shalini

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Stand Persistence of `prestige' Buffalograss (Bouteloua Dactyloides) [Synonym Buchloe Dactyloides] Grown Under Simulated Green Roof Conditions During Summer in Oklahoma.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The purpose of this research was to test the stand persistence of Prestige Buffalograss green roofs under simulated greenhouse conditions using average temperature conditions for… (more)

Beitz, Mary Kathryn

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Advanced Insulation for High Performance Cost-effective Wall, Roof, and  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Advanced Insulation for High Performance Advanced Insulation for High Performance Cost-effective Wall, Roof, and Foundation Systems Research Project Advanced Insulation for High Performance Cost-effective Wall, Roof, and Foundation Systems Research Project The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is currently conducting research into advanced insulation for high performance wall, roof, and foundation systems. Heat flows from hotter to colder spaces, and insulation is designed to resist this flow by keeping hot air out in the summer and in during the winter. Project Description This project seeks to develop high performing, durable, hydrofluorocarbon and hydrochlorofluorocarbons -free insulation with an R-value greater than 7.5-per-inch and a Class A fire performance. Project Partners Research is being undertaken between DOE and Dow Chemical.

178

Regional climate consequences of large-scale cool roof and photovoltaic array deployment  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

climate consequences of large-scale cool roof and photovoltaic array deployment climate consequences of large-scale cool roof and photovoltaic array deployment This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text article. 2011 Environ. Res. Lett. 6 034001 (http://iopscience.iop.org/1748-9326/6/3/034001) Download details: IP Address: 98.204.49.123 The article was downloaded on 01/07/2011 at 12:38 Please note that terms and conditions apply. View the table of contents for this issue, or go to the journal homepage for more Home Search Collections Journals About Contact us My IOPscience IOP PUBLISHING ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH LETTERS Environ. Res. Lett. 6 (2011) 034001 (9pp) doi:10.1088/1748-9326/6/3/034001 Regional climate consequences of large-scale cool roof and photovoltaic array deployment Dev Millstein and Surabi Menon Lawrence

179

A Prototype Roof Deck Designed to Self-Regulate Deck Temperature and Reduce Heat Transfer  

SciTech Connect

A prototype roof and attic assembly exploits the use of radiation, convection and insulation controls to reduce the heat transfer penetrating its roof deck by almost 85% of the heat transfer crossing a conventional roof and attic assembly. The assembly exhibited attic air temperatures that did not exceed the peak day outdoor ambient temperature. The design includes a passive ventilation scheme that pulls air from the soffit and attic into an inclined air space above the deck. The design complies with fire protection codes because the air intake is internal and closed to the elements. Field data were benchmarked against an attic computer tool and simulations made for new and retrofit home constructions in hot, moderate and cold climates to access economics for the assembly.

Miller, William A [ORNL] [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

A Prototype Roof Deck Designed to Self-Regulate Deck Temperature and Reduce Heat Transfer  

SciTech Connect

A prototype roof and attic assembly exploits the use of radiation, convection and insulation controls to reduce its peak day heat transfer by almost 85 percent of the heat transfer crossing a conventional roof and attic assembly. The assembly exhibits attic air temperatures that do not exceed the maximum daily outdoor ambient temperature. The design includes a passive ventilation scheme that pulls air from the soffit and attic into an inclined air space above the roof deck. The design complies with fire protection codes because the air intake is internal and closed to the elements. Field data were benchmarked against an attic computer tool and simulations made for new and retrofit constructions in hot, moderate and cold climates to gauge the cost of energy savings and potential payback.

Miller, William A [ORNL] [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "roofs siding water" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Radical Thinkers Needed to Help Get a Solar Panel on Every Roof |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Radical Thinkers Needed to Help Get a Solar Panel on Every Roof Radical Thinkers Needed to Help Get a Solar Panel on Every Roof Radical Thinkers Needed to Help Get a Solar Panel on Every Roof January 9, 2012 - 5:00pm Addthis This solar powered residence was commissioned by Boston Edison as a demonstration of future trends in design and technology that would become commonplace in the early decades of the next millennium. Today, the Energy Department's SunShot Initiative is seeking to accelerate innovation and aggressively drive down cost through various funding opportunities. | Photo courtesy of Solar Design Associates. This solar powered residence was commissioned by Boston Edison as a demonstration of future trends in design and technology that would become commonplace in the early decades of the next millennium. Today, the Energy

182

The Quantum Side of Photosynthesis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Quantum Side of Photosynthesis ... But evidence is mounting that photosynthetic organisms may, in fact, capitalize on quantum effects to harness the sun’s rays. ...

JYLLIAN KEMSLEY

2012-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

183

Design of roof support of the Sydney opera house underground parking station  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The paper presents the method for design of primary roof support for the large todoidal cavern constructed to house the Sydney Opera House parking station. The cavern was constructed with 7 m of rock cover beneath Sydney's Royal Botanic Gardens. Design of rock reinforcement using a combination of fully grouted rock dowels and Macalloy bars was based on control of horizontal shear movement along bedding features in the roof. A combination of linear-arch-type analyses and non-linear jointed finite-element analyses were used in the design study, together with an analysis of the shear resistance offered by fully grouted bolts under shear deformation.

P.J.N. Pells; R.J. Best; H.G. Poulos

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

A method of micrositing of wind turbine on building roof-top by using joint distribution of wind speed and direction, and computational fluid dynamics  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Urban wind turbines are recommended for installation on a building roof-top to capture more wind energy. It is critical to decide an exact location for the wind turbine installation on the roof-top area. ... this...

Bavuudorj Ovgor; Sang-Kwon Lee…

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

The aesthetics of water and land: a promising concept for managing scarce water resources under climate change  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...approach to water management Any strategy for managing...change) and the water demand side (e.g. adaptive...sustainable water management in the Jordan River...underestimation of the demand side of water management. Since fresh water...

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

System Demand-Side Management: Regional results  

SciTech Connect

To improve the Bonneville Power Administration's (Bonneville's) ability to analyze the value and impacts of demand-side programs, Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) developed and implemented the System Demand-Side Management (SDSM) model, a microcomputer-based model of the Pacific Northwest Public Power system. This document outlines the development and application of the SDSM model, which is an hourly model. Hourly analysis makes it possible to examine the change in marginal revenues and marginal costs that accrue from the movement of energy consumption from daytime to nighttime. It also allows a more insightful analysis of programs such as water heater control in the context of hydroelectric-based generation system. 7 refs., 10 figs., 10 tabs.

Englin, J.E.; Sands, R.D.; De Steese, J.G.; Marsh, S.J.

1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Thermal Performance of Exposed Composed Roofs in Very Hot Dry Desert Region in Egypt (Toshky)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is considered the major part of the building envelop which exposed to high thermal load due to the high solar intensity and high outdoor air temperature through summer season which reach to 6 months. In Egypt the thermal effect of roof is increased as one go...

Khalil, M. H.; Sheble, S.; Morsey, M. S.; Fakhry, S.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

HEAT TRANSFERS IN A DOUBLE SKIN ROOF VENTILATED BY NATURAL CONVECTION IN SUMMER TIME  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 HEAT TRANSFERS IN A DOUBLE SKIN ROOF VENTILATED BY NATURAL CONVECTION IN SUMMER TIME P. H or in tropical and arid countries. In this work, radiation, convection and conduction heat transfers-dimensional numerical simulation of the heat transfers through the double skin reveals the most important parameters

Boyer, Edmond

189

Measured Energy Savings from the Application of Reflective Roofs in 3 AT&T Regeneration Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) under IAG No. DW89938442-01-2, and by the Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renew- ableLBNL-47075 Measured Energy Savings from the Application of Reflective Roofs in 3 AT&T Regeneration Buildings Hashem Akbari and Leo Rainer Heat Island Group Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Berkeley, CA

190

Laying the Foundation for a Solar America: The Million Solar Roofs Initiative  

SciTech Connect

As the U.S. Department of Energy's Solar Energy Technology Program embarks on the next phase of its technology acceptance efforts under the Solar America Initiative, there is merit to examining the program's previous market transformation effort, the Million Solar Roofs Initiative. Its goal was to transform markets for distributed solar technologies by facilitating the installation of solar systems.

Strahs, G.; Tombari, C.

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Effects of Leachate from Crumb Rubber and Zinc in Green Roofs on the Survival, Growth, and Resistance Characteristics of Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica Serovar Typhimurium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Leachate from Crumb Rubber and Zinc in Green Roofs on the Survival, Growth, and Resistance...Resources, Dover, Delaware, USA. The use of green roofs is a growing practice worldwide...into artificial medium for plant growth in green roofs and similar engineered environments...

Mollee Crampton; Allayna Ryan; Cori Eckert; Katherine H. Baker; Diane S. Herson

2014-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

192

Regional climate consequences of large-scale cool roof and photovoltaic  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

climate consequences of large-scale cool roof and photovoltaic climate consequences of large-scale cool roof and photovoltaic array deployment Title Regional climate consequences of large-scale cool roof and photovoltaic array deployment Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2011 Authors Millstein, Dev, and Surabi Menon Journal Environmental Research Letters Volume 6 Start Page 1 Pagination 9 Date Published 07/2011 Keywords co2 offsets, cool roof, photovoltaics, radiative forcing, urban environment Abstract Modifications to the surface albedo through the deployment of cool roofs and pavements (reflective materials) and photovoltaic arrays (low reflection) have the potential to change radiative forcing, surface temperatures, and regional weather patterns. In this work we investigate the regional climate and radiative effects of modifying surface albedo to mimic massive deployment of cool surfaces (roofs and pavements) and, separately, photovoltaic arrays across the United States. We use a fully coupled regional climate model, the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model, to investigate feedbacks between surface albedo changes, surface temperature, precipitation and average cloud cover. With the adoption of cool roofs and pavements, domain-wide annual average outgoing radiation increased by 0.16 ± 0.03 W m-2 (mean ± 95% C.I.) and afternoon summertime temperature in urban locations was reduced by 0.11-0.53 "C, although some urban areas showed no statistically significant temperature changes. In response to increased urban albedo, some rural locations showed summer afternoon temperature increases of up to +0.27 "C and these regions were correlated with less cloud cover and lower precipitation. The emissions offset obtained by this increase in outgoing radiation is calculated to be 3.3 ± 0.5 Gt CO2 (mean ± 95% C.I.). The hypothetical solar arrays were designed to be able to produce one terawatt of peak energy and were located in the Mojave Desert of California. To simulate the arrays, the desert surface albedo was darkened, causing local afternoon temperature increases of up to +0.4 "C. Due to the solar arrays, local and regional wind patterns within a 300 km radius were affected. Statistically significant but lower magnitude changes to temperature and radiation could be seen across the domain due to the introduction of the solar arrays. The addition of photovoltaic arrays caused no significant change to summertime outgoing radiation when averaged over the full domain, as interannual variation across the continent obscured more consistent local forcing.

193

Regional climate consequences of large-scale cool roof and photovoltaic  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

climate consequences of large-scale cool roof and photovoltaic climate consequences of large-scale cool roof and photovoltaic array deployment Title Regional climate consequences of large-scale cool roof and photovoltaic array deployment Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2011 Authors Millstein, Dev, and Surabi Menon Journal Environmental Research Letters Volume 6 Start Page 1 Pagination 9 Date Published 07/2011 Keywords co2 offsets, cool roofs, photovoltaics, radiative forcing, urban environment Abstract Modifications to the surface albedo through the deployment of cool roofs and pavements (reflective materials) and photovoltaic arrays (low reflection) have the potential to change radiative forcing, surface temperatures, and regional weather patterns. In this work we investigate the regional climate and radiative effects of modifying surface albedo to mimic massive deployment of cool surfaces (roofs and pavements) and, separately, photovoltaic arrays across the United States. We use a fully coupled regional climate model, the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model, to investigate feedbacks between surface albedo changes, surface temperature, precipitation and average cloud cover. With the adoption of cool roofs and pavements, domain-wide annual average outgoing radiation increased by 0.16 ± 0.03 W m-2 (mean ± 95% C.I.) and afternoon summertime temperature in urban locations was reduced by 0.11-0.53 "C, although some urban areas showed no statistically significant temperature changes. In response to increased urban albedo, some rural locations showed summer afternoon temperature increases of up to +0.27 "C and these regions were correlated with less cloud cover and lower precipitation. The emissions offset obtained by this increase in outgoing radiation is calculated to be 3.3 ± 0.5 Gt CO2 (mean ± 95% C.I.). The hypothetical solar arrays were designed to be able to produce one terawatt of peak energy and were located in the Mojave Desert of California. To simulate the arrays, the desert surface albedo was darkened, causing local afternoon temperature increases of up to +0.4 "C. Due to the solar arrays, local and regional wind patterns within a 300 km radius were affected. Statistically significant but lower magnitude changes to temperature and radiation could be seen across the domain due to the introduction of the solar arrays. The addition of photovoltaic arrays caused no significant change to summertime outgoing radiation when averaged over the full domain, as interannual variation across the continent obscured more consistent local forcing.

194

Frangible roof joint behavior of cylindrical oil storage tanks designed to API 650 rules  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents the results of an investigation into the frangible joint behavior of tanks designed to API 650 rules. In such tanks, the roof-to-shell joint is intended to fail in the event of overpressurization, venting the tank and containing any remaining fluid. The reasoning behind present API design formulas is reviewed. Combustion analyses, structural analyses, and the results of testing are presented. Results show that higher pressures are reached before frangible joint failure than predicted by the present API 650 calculation. One consequence is that (for empty tanks) uplift of the bottom can be expected to occur more frequently than predicted using API 650. However, uplift does not necessarily mean bottom failure. Instead, the relative strength of the shell-to-bottom and roof-to-shell joints will determine failure. This ratio is larger for larger tanks. Recommendations are made as to possible changes in the design approach of API 650.

Lu, Z.; Swenson, D.V.; Fenton, D.L. [Kansas State Univ., Manhattan, KS (United States). Mechanical Engineering Dept.

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

City of Grand Rapids Building Solar Roof Demonstration  

SciTech Connect

Grand Rapids, Michigan is striving to reduce it environmental footprint. The municipal government organization has established environmental sustainability policies with the goal of securing 100% of its energy from renewable sources by 2020. This report describes the process by which the City of Grand Rapids evaluated, selected and installed solar panels on the Water/Environmental Services Building. The solar panels are the first to be placed on a municipal building. Its new power monitoring system provides output data to assess energy efficiency and utilization. It is expected to generate enough clean solar energy to power 25 percent of the building. The benefit to the public includes the economic savings from reduced operational costs for the building; an improved environmentally sustainable area in which to live and work; and increased knowledge about the use of solar energy. It will serve as a model for future energy saving applications.

DeClercq, Mark; Martinez, Imelda

2012-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

196

Design of coal mine roof support and yielding pillars for longwall mining in the Appalachian coalfield  

SciTech Connect

In this thesis, the existing Geomechanics Classification (Bieniawski, 1979) was modified for use in underground coal mines through the introduction of adjustment modifiers for strata weathering, horizontal stress, and roof support. Sixty-two roof case histories were collected from two mines exploiting the Pittsburgh and Lower Kittanning coal seams. Geologic and material property variables were examined with respect to supported stand-up time, while survival and regression analyses were used in deriving the adjustment multipliers. Guidelines for roofspan selection and roof support design were an integral facet of the modified classification scheme. Tentative design guidelines for chain pillars are provided on the basis of a field investigation and numerical modeling of longwall chain pillar behavior. A longwall chain pillar was instrumented with vibrating wire stressmeters to quantify the change in stress distribution as longwall mining proceeded out by the pillar. A sonic probe was used to conduct a velocity profile across the pillar before and after mining to delineate the failed and stable regions of the pillar. Velocity profiles across the pillar were supplemented by an examination of changes in the dynamic modulus and the shear wave frequency. The main contributions of the research lies in: (i) modifications introduced to the Geomechanics Classification (RMR System), (ii) the correlation between changes in pillar stress and the extent of the yield zone surrounding a longwall chain pillar, and (iii) the proposal of design procedures involving coal mine roof support and chain pillars. Numerical examples obtained from mine case histories are provided to illustrate the use of the design procedures.

Newman, D.A.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Roof and Attic Design Guidelines for new and retrofit Construction of Homes in Hot and Coild Climates  

SciTech Connect

Some guidelines for improving the energy efficiency of roofs and attics are presented and are based on the research of the DOE Building Technology. The results of combined analytical and experimental studies were used to benchmark computer tools, which in turn, were used to simulate homes in hot and cold climates. Adding floor and roof insulation, above deck ventilation, radiant barriers, cool color shingle, metal or tile roofs, sealing the attic floor, sealing the duct system and sealing the attic were simulated to compute the cost of energy savings. Results are prioritized to help building owners make an informed economic decision when contemplating roof and attic retrofits. Sealing the attic floor is a top retrofit option. The sealed attic approach and a new prototype roof assembly an insulated and ventilated roof are good options for retrofit work but have paybacks ranging from 15 to 25 years. A new sealed attic concept was simulated and computations show its simple payback is about 10 to 12 years in hot and cold climates; its first cost is significantly reduced from that of a spray foam approach. For new construction the best option is to keep the ducts out of the attic, make sure the attic floor is sealed and add at least code level of insulation to the ceiling.

Desjarlais, Andre Omer [ORNL] [ORNL; LaFrance, Marc [International Energy Agency] [International Energy Agency

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Demand Side Management in Rangan Banerjee  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Demand Side Management in Industry Rangan Banerjee Talk at Baroda in Birla Corporate Seminar August 31,2007 #12;Demand Side Management Indian utilities ­ energy shortage and peak power shortage. Supply for Options ­ Demand Side Management (DSM) & Load Management #12;DSM Concept Demand Side Management (DSM) - co

Banerjee, Rangan

199

Carbon sequestration potential of green roofs using mixed-sewage-sludge substrate in Chengdu World Modern Garden City  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Green roofs which use sewage sludge to sequestrate urban carbon dioxide may represent a potential opportunity to evaluate carbon sequestration benefits for the urban development under increasing global climate change. In this study, green roofs composed of 6 small green segments with two different substrates, mixed-sewage-sludge substrate (MSSS, volume ratio of sewage sludge and local-natural soil 1:1), and local-natural soil (LNS), three different substrate depths (20 cm, 25 cm and 30 cm), and three types of native plants (Ligustrum vicaryi, Neottia auriculata, and Liriope spicata) in Chengdu City were established to determine carbon sequestration from July 2012 to July 2013 through assessment of the carbon storage and sequestration. Results show that the average carbon storage of MSSS and LNS on green roofs was respectively 13.15 kg C m?2 and 8.58 kg C m?2, and the average carbon sequestration followed the order of LNS (3.89 kg C m?2 yr?1) > MSSS (3.81 kg C m?2 yr?1). Thus MSSS could be considered as a potential material for carbon sequestration. The carbon storage and carbon sequestration by native plants on the green roofs followed the order of L. vicaryi > L. spicata > N. auriculata. The whole green roof had a mean carbon storage of 18.28 kg C m?2 and average carbon sequestration of 6.47 kg C m?2 yr?1 in the combined biomass and substrate organic matter. The best green roof configuration was L. vicaryi together with MSSS substrate, with a middle-high level of carbon sequestration. It will be feasible and worthwhile to scale-up the adaptable green roof configurations in Chengdu World Modern Garden City.

Hongbing Luo; Xiaoling Liu; Bruce C. Anderson; Ke Zhang; Xiaoting Li; Bo Huang; Mei Li; You Mo; Liangqian Fan; Qiong Shen; Fenghui Chen; Mingshu Jiang

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Maroon & green: New Texas A&M buildings conserve energy, water and money  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

&M?s water consumption #20; more than #21;#31; percent #20; comes from water evaporation at Texas A&M?s four utility plants. #29;e consumption occurs in the plant cooling towers maroon & Green New Texas A&M buildings conserve energy, water and money.... 20 txH2O Fall 2013 Maroon and green continued Designing a RWH system Gonzales said RWH systems typically use gu#18;ers and downspouts to channel water from the roof to the cistern. Other components such as #19;rst#12;#24;ush diverters and roof...

Heinrich, Katie

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "roofs siding water" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Using Cool Roofs to Reduce Energy Use, Greenhouse Gas Emissions, and Urban Heat-island Effects: Findings from an India Experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the demand for cooling energy, urban trees indirectly reducesurfaces and shade trees to reduce energy use and improvethe energy savings and GHG benefits of cool roofs and tree

Akbari, Hashem

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Supply Chain Networks, Electronic Commerce, and Supply Side and Demand Side Risk  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Supply Chain Networks, Electronic Commerce, and Supply Side and Demand Side Risk Anna Nagurney as well as demand side risk are included in the formulation. The model consists of three tiers of decision chain network equilibrium model with electronic com- merce and with supply side and demand side risk

Nagurney, Anna

203

Cornell University Hot Water Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hot Water System Hot Water System The production and delivery of hot water in the CUSD home is technologically advanced, economical, and simple. Hot water is produced primarily by the evacuated solar thermal tube collectors on the roof of the house. The solar thermal tube array was sized to take care of the majority of our heating and hot water needs throughout the course of the year in the Washington, DC climate. The solar thermal tube array also provides heating to the radiant floor. The hot water and radiant floor systems are tied independently to the solar thermal tube array, preventing the radiant floor from robbing the water heater of much needed thermal energy. In case the solar thermal tubes are not able to provide hot water to our system, the hot water tank contains an electric heating

204

Demand Side Bidding. Final Report  

SciTech Connect

This document sets forth the final report for a financial assistance award for the National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners (NARUC) to enhance coordination between the building operators and power system operators in terms of demand-side responses to Location Based Marginal Pricing (LBMP). Potential benefits of this project include improved power system reliability, enhanced environmental quality, mitigation of high locational prices within congested areas, and the reduction of market barriers for demand-side market participants. NARUC, led by its Committee on Energy Resources and the Environment (ERE), actively works to promote the development and use of energy efficiency and clean distributive energy policies within the framework of a dynamic regulatory environment. Electric industry restructuring, energy shortages in California, and energy market transformation intensifies the need for reliable information and strategies regarding electric reliability policy and practice. NARUC promotes clean distributive generation and increased energy efficiency in the context of the energy sector restructuring process. NARUC, through ERE's Subcommittee on Energy Efficiency, strives to improve energy efficiency by creating working markets. Market transformation seeks opportunities where small amounts of investment can create sustainable markets for more efficient products, services, and design practices.

Spahn, Andrew

2003-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

205

Saving public resources: Tips for conserving energy and water in home and landscapes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- scape, and capture and reuse water,? Harris said. ?We want families to learn how to use water wisely and efficiently.? For more information about water conserva- tion and rainwater harvesting, visit http://fcs. tamu... system for using the rain- water as drinking water in his home. For every 1 inch of rainfall, about 6 gallons of water are collected per square foot of roof area, he said. The main components needed to set up a rainwater harvesting system are: 1...

Supercinski, Danielle

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Airtightness Results of Roof-Only Air Sealing Strategies on 1-1/2 Story Homes in Cold Climates  

SciTech Connect

In this second study on solutions to ice dams in 1-1/2 story homes, five test homes located in both cold and very cold climates were analyzed for air leakage reduction rates following modifications by independent contractors on owner-occupied homes. The reason for choosing this house type was they are very common in our area and very difficult to air seal and insulate effectively. Two projects followed a roof-only Exterior Thermal Moisture Management System (ETMMS) process. One project used an interior-only approach to roof air sealing and insulation. The remaining two projects used a deep energy retrofit approach for whole house (foundation wall, above grade wall, roof) air leakage and heat loss reduction. All were asked to provide information regarding project goals, process, and pre and post-blower door test results. Additional air leakage reduction data was provided by several NorthernSTAR Building America industry partners for interior-applied, roof-only modifications on 1-1/2 story homes. The data represents homes in the general market as well as homes that were part of the state of Minnesota weatherization program. A goal was to compare exterior air sealing methods with interior approaches. This pool of data enabled us to compare air tightness data from over 220 homes using similar air seal methods.

Ojczyk, C.; Murry, T.; Mosiman, G.

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Comparison of Software Models for Energy Savings from Cool Roofs Joshua New, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (United States)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Comparison of Software Models for Energy Savings from Cool Roofs Joshua New, Oak Ridge National consolidates comparison of RSC's projected energy savings to other simulation engines including DOE-2.1E, Attic of the Department of Energy's (DOE) Building Technologies Office (BTO). The simulation engine used in the RSC

Tennessee, University of

208

Comparative laboratory evaluation of resin-grouted roof bolt elements. Report of Investigations/1985  

SciTech Connect

In laboratory testing, the Bureau of Mines established criteria by which common resin-grouted roof-bolting systems can be evaluated and compared. Ultimate strength and stiffness were determined for nontensioned full-column, point-anchor, tensioned full-column, and debondable resin-grouted bolts, and for variations on full-column bolts. Bolt performances were compared using the performance of the 3/4-in full-column resin-grouted bolt as the standard. New and innovative systems can also be qualitatively compared against this standard. Various host mediums were used in the testing: sandstone, concrete, simulated coal, simulated shale, and plaster. Bolt performances expected in other mediums can be inferred from the response patterns obtained in these mediums.

Bartels, J.R.; Pappas, D.M.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Rigid foam polyurethane (PU) derived from castor oil (Ricinus communis) for thermal insulation in roof systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper discusses the response of the thermal insulation lining of rigid foam polyurethane (PU) derived from castor oil (Ricinus communis) in heat conditions, based on dynamic climate approach. Liners have been widely used, because the coverage of buildings is responsible for the greatest absorption of heat by radiation, but the use of PU foam derived from this vegetal oil is unprecedented and has the advantage of being biodegradable and renewable. The hot wire parallel method provided the thermal conductivity value of the foam. The thermogravimetric analysis enabled the study of the foam decomposition and its lifetime by kinetic evaluation that involves the decomposition process. The PU foam thermal behavior analysis was performed by collecting experimental data of internal surface temperature measured by thermocouples and assessed by representative episode of the climatic fact. The results lead to the conclusion that the PU foam derived from castor oil can be applied to thermal insulation of roof systems and is an environmentally friendly material.

Grace Tibério Cardoso; Salvador Claro Neto; Francisco Vecchia

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

NREL: Computational Science - Scott W. Sides  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Scott W. Sides Scott W. Sides Computational Materials Scientist Scientist Scott Sides Phone: (303) 275-4122 Email: Scott.Sides@nrel.gov At NREL Since: 2013 Dr. Scott Sides is a computational physicist with a wide range of simulation experience that includes using classical molecular dynamics and numerical self-consistent field theory to study polymer structure and dynamics. Dr. Sides graduated in 1998, and his studies included using kinetic Ising models to measure the lifetimes of metastable states in static fields and the time-dependent response in sinusoidal fields. In his postdoctoral research at Sandia National Laboratories he worked with Dr. Gary Grest studying adhesion in dense polymer melts and using molecular dynamics to validate PRISM theory and scattering data for PDMS. In 2001 he

211

Basic Theory of Demand-Side Management  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Demand-Side Management (DSM) is pivotal in Integrated Resource ... to realize sustainable development, and advanced energy management activity. A project can be implemented only...

Zhaoguang Hu; Xinyang Han; Quan Wen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Side-emitting fiber optic position sensor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A side-emitting fiber optic position sensor and method of determining an unknown position of an object by using the sensor. In one embodiment, a concentrated beam of light source illuminates the side of a side-emitting fiber optic at an unknown axial position along the fiber's length. Some of this side-illuminated light is in-scattered into the fiber and captured. As the captured light is guided down the fiber, its intensity decreases due to loss from side-emission away from the fiber and from bulk absorption within the fiber. By measuring the intensity of light emitted from one (or both) ends of the fiber with a photodetector(s), the axial position of the light source is determined by comparing the photodetector's signal to a calibrated response curve, look-up table, or by using a mathematical model. Alternatively, the side-emitting fiber is illuminated at one end, while a photodetector measures the intensity of light emitted from the side of the fiber, at an unknown position. As the photodetector moves further away from the illuminated end, the detector's signal strength decreases due to loss from side-emission and/or bulk absorption. As before, the detector's signal is correlated to a unique position along the fiber.

Weiss, Jonathan D. (Albuquerque, NM)

2008-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

213

Definition: Demand Side Management | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Side Management Side Management Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Demand Side Management The term for all activities or programs undertaken by Load-Serving Entity or its customers to influence the amount or timing of electricity they use.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Energy demand management, also known as demand side management (DSM), is the modification of consumer demand for energy through various methods such as financial incentives and education. Usually, the goal of demand side management is to encourage the consumer to use less energy during peak hours, or to move the time of energy use to off-peak times such as nighttime and weekends. Peak demand management does not necessarily decrease total energy consumption, but could be expected to reduce the need

214

AIAA 2002-3298 AERODYNAMICS OF TWO SIDE-BY-SIDE PLATES IN HYPERSONIC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AIAA 2002-3298 AERODYNAMICS OF TWO SIDE-BY-SIDE PLATES IN HYPERSONIC RAREFIED-GAS FLOWS Vladimir V. Riabov* Rivier College, Nashua, New Hampshire 03060 Abstract Hypersonic rarefied-gas flows near two side have provided valuable information related to physics of hypersonic flows about spacecraft elements

Riabov, Vladimir V.

215

Resources on Water Efficiency | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Water Efficiency » Resources on Water Efficiency Water Efficiency » Resources on Water Efficiency Resources on Water Efficiency October 8, 2013 - 10:03am Addthis Many helpful resources about water efficiency are available. Also see Contacts. Federal Resources Reverse Osmosis Optimization Technology Evaluation: -This FEMP technology evaluation assesses techniques for optimizing reverse osmosis systems to increase system performance and water efficiency. Side Stream Filtration for Cooling Towers (Full Report): Comprehensive document assessing side stream filtration options for cooling towers, with an objective to assess key attributes that optimize energy and water savings along with providing information on specific technology and implementation options. Technical Evaluation of Side Stream Filtration for Cooling Towers (Fact

216

Application of Spray Foam Insulation Under Plywood and OSB Roof Sheathing (Fact Sheet), Building America Case Study: Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes, Building Technologies Office (BTO)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Application of Spray Foam Application of Spray Foam Insulation Under Plywood and OSB Roof Sheathing PROJECT aPPliCaTiON Construction: Existing homes with unvented cathedralized roofs. Type: Residential Climate Zones: All TEam mEmbERs Building Science Corporation www.buildingscience.com BASF www.basf.com Dow Chemical Company www.dow.com Honeywell http://honeywell.com Icynene www.icynene.com COdE COmPliaNCE 2012 International Code Council, International Residential Code Spray polyurethane foams (SPFs) have advantages over alternative insulation methods because they provide air sealing in complex assemblies, particularly roofs. Spray foam can provide the thermal, air, and vapor control layers in both new and retrofit construction. Unvented roof strategies with open cell and

217

Data Center Economizer Cooling with Tower Water; Demonstration of a Dual Heat Exchanger Rack Cooling Device  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LBNL-XXXXX Data Center Economizer Cooling with Tower Water;included a water- side economizer. This model estimated theand without a water-side economizer and including or not

Greenberg, Steve

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Real-Time Demand Side Energy Management  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Real-Time Demand Side Energy Management Annelize Victor Michael Brodkorb Sr. Business Consultant Business Development Manager Aspen Technology, Inc. Aspen Technology Espańa, S.A. Houston, TX Barcelona, Spain ABSTRACT To remain... competitive, manufacturers must capture opportunities to increase bottom-line profitability. The goal of this paper is to present a new methodology for reducing energy costs – “Demand-Side Energy Management.” Learn how process manufacturers assess energy...

Victor, A.; Brodkorb, M.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Electric Utility Demand-Side Evaluation Methodologies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

"::. ELECTRIC UTILITY DEMAND-SIDE EVALUATION METHODOLOGIES* Nat Treadway Public Utility Commission of Texas Austin, Texas ABSTRACT The electric. util ity industry's demand-side management programs can be analyzed ?from various points... of view using a standard benefit-cost methodology. The methodology now in use by several. electric utilities and the Public Utility Commlsslon of Texas includes measures of efficiency and equity. The nonparticipant test as a measure of equity...

Treadway, N.

220

Meeting water requirements of an expanding world population  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...indicating a margin for demand management (freeing water...water needed by demand management. It is assumed...systems against the side effects on human...different water management tasks needed for...overall water demands will grow unrealistically...

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "roofs siding water" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Assessment of gas-side fouling in cement plants  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this study is to provide an assessment of gas-side fouling in cement plants with special emphasis on heat recovery applications. Exhaust gases in the cement industry which are suitable for heat recovery range in temperature from about 400 to 1300 K, are generally dusty, may be highly abrasive, and are often heavily laden with alkalies, sulfates, and chlorides. Particulates in the exhaust streams range in size from molecular to about 100 ..mu..m in diameter and come from both the raw feed as well as the ash in the coal which is the primary fuel used in the cement industry. The major types of heat-transfer equipment used in the cement industry include preheaters, gas-to-air heat exchangers, waste heat boilers, and clinker coolers. The most important gas-side fouling mechanisms in the cement industry are those due to particulate, chemical reaction, and corrosion fouling. Particulate transport mechanisms which appear to be of greatest importance include laminar and turbulent mass transfer, thermophoresis, electrophoresis, and inertial impaction. Chemical reaction mechanisms of particular importance include the deposition of alkali sulfates, alkali chlorides, spurrite, calcium carbonate, and calcium sulfate. At sufficiently low temperatures, sulfuric acid and water can condense on heat exchanger surfaces which can cause corrosion and also attract particulates in the flow. The deleterious effects of gas-side fouling in cement plants are due to: (1) increased capital costs; (2) increased maintenance costs; (3) loss of production; and (4) energy losses. A conservative order-of-magnitude analysis shows that the cost of gas-side fouling in US cement plants is $0.24 billion annually.

Marner, W.J.

1982-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Public Versus Private: Does It Matter for Water Conservation? Insights from California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Do residential water demand side management policies measurethe ef?- cacy of demand-side management policies in times of1994). As with the demand-side management literature cited

Kallis, Giorgos; Ray, Isha; Fulton, Julian; McMahon, James E.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Time resolved side scatter diagnostics at NOVA  

SciTech Connect

Side scattering of the radiation during the interaction of a laser beam with the long scale length plasma in hohlraum is a difficult problem of relevance to the viability of ICF. It is important to measure the absolute amount of the laser side scatter as well as the angular distribution of that scatter. The OSA diagnostics has been implemented on NOVA to measure these quantities. We have implemented a fiber-optically coupled streak camera to measure the temporally and angularly resolved side scatter radiation at 351 nm at 9 different angles. Filtered PIN diodes were positioned at 31 various angles in the E-field planed and B-field plane of the incident probe beam to sample and measure the scattered radiation at the 351 nm wavelength of the probe. The diode data was used to calibrate the Brillouin power received by the 9 strategically located fiber optic channels. This presentation will describe the OSA and associated diagnostics.

Kyrala, G.A.; Evans, S.C.; Jimerson, J.R.; Fernandez, J.C.

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Demand-Side Management and Energy Efficiency Revisited  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EPRI). 1984. ”Demand Side Management. Vol. 1:Overview of Key1993. ”Industrial Demand-Side Management Programs: What’sJ. Kulick. 2004. ”Demand side management and energy e?ciency

Auffhammer, Maximilian; Blumstein, Carl; Fowlie, Meredith

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

AIAA 2002-3297 INTERFERENCE BETWEEN TWO SIDE-BY-SIDE CYLINDERS IN HYPERSONIC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AIAA 2002-3297 INTERFERENCE BETWEEN TWO SIDE-BY-SIDE CYLINDERS IN HYPERSONIC RAREFIED-GAS FLOWS Vladimir V. Riabov* Rivier College, Nashua, New Hampshire 03060 Abstract Hypersonic rarefied-gas flows near of simple shape bodies have provided valuable information related to physics of hypersonic flows about

Riabov, Vladimir V.

226

IntSide: a web server for the chemical and biological examination of drug side effects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......brief-report Applications Note IntSide: a web server for the chemical and biological examination...remains. Here, we present IntSide, a web server that integrates chemical and biological...Availability and implementation: Our data and web resource are available online ( http......

Teresa Juan-Blanco; Miquel Duran-Frigola; Patrick Aloy

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Dynamic Investment Strategies with Demand-Side and Cost-Side Risks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dynamic Investment Strategies with Demand-Side and Cost-Side Risks Engelbert J. Dockner Department of Vienna Br¨unner Stra�e 72 1210 Vienna, Austria April 23, 2010 Abstract Investments in cost reductions. This paper stud- ies optimal investment in cost reductions as a real option under the assumption

Gaunersdorfer, Andrea

228

BUILDINGS SECTOR DEMAND-SIDE EFFICIENCY TECHNOLOGY SUMMARIES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

............................................................................................... 2 Demand-Side Efficiency Technologies I. Energy Management Systems (EMSsLBL-33887 UC-000 BUILDINGS SECTOR DEMAND-SIDE EFFICIENCY TECHNOLOGY SUMMARIES Jonathan G. Koomey

229

Draft Chapter 3: Demand-Side Resources | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3: Demand-Side Resources Draft Chapter 3: Demand-Side Resources Utilities in many states have been implementing energy efficiency and load management programs (collectively called...

230

Chapter 3: Demand-Side Resources | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

: Demand-Side Resources Chapter 3: Demand-Side Resources Utilities in many states have been implementing energy efficiency and load management programs (collectively called...

231

The dark side of galaxy formation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...formation. | I discuss the discovery of a population of extremely...rsta.2002.1088 The dark side of galaxy formation...October 2002 I discuss the discovery of a population of extremely...Galaxy which creates the dark lanes in our view of...schematic of the spectral energy distribution of a luminous...

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Solar cell with back side contacts  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A III-V solar cell is described herein that includes all back side contacts. Additionally, the positive and negative electrical contacts contact compoud semiconductor layers of the solar cell other than the absorbing layer of the solar cell. That is, the positive and negative electrical contacts contact passivating layers of the solar cell.

Nielson, Gregory N; Okandan, Murat; Cruz-Campa, Jose Luis; Resnick, Paul J; Wanlass, Mark Woodbury; Clews, Peggy J

2013-12-24T23:59:59.000Z

233

Programmazione (scripting) server-side con PHP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 MODULO 1 PARTE 3 Programmazione (scripting) server-side con PHP 3.c Goy - a.a. 2010 contenuto nel cookie) Goy - a.a. 2010/2011 Programmazione Web 3 PHP: cookie - I E' possibile scrivere e leggere cookie utilizzando PHP Per scrivere un cookie, utilizzo la funzione predefinita setcookie

Goy, Anna

234

Programmazione (scripting) server-side con PHP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 MODULO 1 PARTE 3 Programmazione (scripting) server-side con PHP 3.d Goy - a.a. 2009 di interazione home.html ll h identif.php cancella.php cancellato.php logout.phpacquisti.php Goy - a.a. 2009/2010 Programmazione Web 5 sess_scad.html home.html - login/registrazione utente identif.php

Goy, Anna

235

Programmazione (scripting) server-side con PHP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 MODULO 1 PARTE 3 Programmazione (scripting) server-side con PHP 3.d Goy - a.a. 2010 di interazione home.html ll h identif.php cancella.php cancellato.php logout.phpacquisti.php Goy - a.a. 2010/2011 Programmazione Web 5 sess_scad.html home.html - login/registrazione utente identif.php

Goy, Anna

236

Programmazione (scripting) server-side con PHP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 MODULO 1 PARTE 3 Programmazione (scripting) server-side con PHP 3.c Goy - a.a. 2011 server contenuto nel cookie) Goy - a.a. 2011/2012 Programmazione Web 3 PHP: cookie - I E' possibile scrivere e leggere cookie utilizzando PHP Per scrivere un cookie, utilizzo la funzione predefinita

Goy, Anna

237

Programmazione (scripting) server-side con PHP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 MODULO 1 PARTE 3 Programmazione (scripting) server-side con PHP 3.c Goy - a.a. 2012 server contenuto nel cookie) Goy - a.a. 2012/2013 Programmazione Web 3 PHP: cookie - I E' possibile scrivere e leggere cookie utilizzando PHP Per scrivere un cookie, utilizzo la funzione predefinita

Goy, Anna

238

Programmazione (scripting) server-side con PHP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 MODULO 1 PARTE 3 Programmazione (scripting) server-side con PHP 3.c Goy - a.a. 2009) Goy - a.a. 2009/2010 Programmazione Web 3 PHP: cookie - I E' possibile scrivere e leggere cookie utilizzando PHP Per scrivere un cookie, utilizzo la funzione predefinita setcookie(...): nome del cookie

Goy, Anna

239

Programmazione (scripting) server-side con PHP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 MODULO 1 PARTE 3 Programmazione (scripting) server-side con PHP 3.d Goy - a.a. 2012 di interazione home.html ll h identif.php cancella.php cancellato.php logout.phpacquisti.php Goy - a.a. 2012/2013 Programmazione Web 5 sess_scad.html home.html - login/registrazione utente identif.php

Goy, Anna

240

Programmazione (scripting) server-side con PHP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 MODULO 1 PARTE 3 Programmazione (scripting) server-side con PHP 3.d Goy - a.a. 2011 di interazione home.html ll h identif.php cancella.php cancellato.php logout.phpacquisti.php Goy - a.a. 2011/2012 Programmazione Web 5 sess_scad.html home.html - login/registrazione utente identif.php

Goy, Anna

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "roofs siding water" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

SUPPLY-SIDE OPTIMIZATION : MAXIMIZING ABSORPTIVE RATES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-benefit optimization of the ingestion process alone . We have continued to develop and modify chemical reactor theoryI l SUPPLY-SIDE OPTIMIZATION : MAXIMIZING ABSORPTIVE RATES W. Brian Dade, Peter A. Jumars engineering aimed at the analysis and design of chemical reactors to analyze the process of digestion

Jumars, Pete

242

Side Orders Potato Wedges 1.60  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Side Orders Potato Wedges ÂŁ1.60 Choose your dip from: Soured Cream, Spicy Salsa or Barbecue Potato Wedges topped with Cheese ÂŁ2.00 Choose your dip from: Soured Cream, Spicy Salsa or Barbecue Potato Wedges leaf salad, potato wedges and a soured cream dip. Refried Bean Burrito ÂŁ5.25 Refried beans, onions

Dixon, Peter

243

The dark side of galaxy formation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...far-infrared survey by the infrared...which creates the dark lanes in our view...course of its survey detected it tens...of the spectral energy distribution of...most of their energy in the optical...A (2002) The dark side of galaxy...the SCUBA Lens Survey (Smail et al...

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Definition: Solar Water Heating | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Definition Definition Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Definition: Solar Water Heating Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Solar Water Heating A low-energy intensive system that uses solar rays to heat water. It is a viable option in developing countries[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition Solar water heating (SWH) or solar hot water (SHW) systems comprise several innovations and many mature renewable energy technologies that have been well established for many years. SWH has been widely used in Australia, Austria, China, Cyprus, Greece, India, Israel, Japan and Turkey. In a "close-coupled" SWH system the storage tank is horizontally mounted immediately above the solar collectors on the roof. No pumping is required as the hot water naturally rises into the tank through thermosiphon flow.

245

FORECASTING WATER DEMAND USING CLUSTER AND REGRESSION ANALYSIS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

resources resulting in water stress. Effective water management ­ a solution Supply side management Demand side management #12;Developing a regression equation based on cluster analysis for forecasting waterFORECASTING WATER DEMAND USING CLUSTER AND REGRESSION ANALYSIS by Bruce Bishop Professor of Civil

Keller, Arturo A.

246

Construction of a Demand Side Plant with Thermal Energy Storage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

storage and its potential impact on the electric utilities and introduces the demand side plant concept....

Michel, M.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Is Demand-Side Management Economically Justified?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

7 7 Is Demand-Side Management Economically Justified? With billions of dollars being spent on demand-side management programs in the U.S. every year, the rationale for and performance of these programs are coming under increasing scrutiny. Three projects in the Energy Analysis Program are making significant contributions to the DSM debate. *Total Resource Cost Test Ratio = ratio of utility avoided costs (i.e., benefits) divided by total cost of program (i.e., Administrative Cost + Incentive Cost + Consumer Cost) In May, Joe Eto, Ed Vine, Leslie Shown, Chris Payne, and I released the first in a series of reports we authored from the Database on Energy Efficiency Programs (DEEP) project. The objective of DEEP is to document the measured cost and performance of utility-sponsored energy-efficiency

248

Side Stream Filtration for Cooling Towers  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Side Stream Filtration Side Stream Filtration for Cooling Towers Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy Federal Energy Management Program By Pacific Northwest National Laboratory X. Duan, J.L. Williamson, K.L McMordie Stoughton and B.K. Boyd October 2012 FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT PROGRAM i Contact Will Lintner, PE Federal Energy Management Program U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave. SW Washington, DC 20585-0121 Phone: (202) 586-3120 E-mail: william.lintner@ee.doe.gov Cover photo: Cooling Towers. Photo from Pacific Northwest National Laboratory ii Acknowledgements The authors of the report would like to thank the following individuals that provided support to

249

DC side filters for multiterminal HVDC systems  

SciTech Connect

Multiterminal HVDC systems present challenges in the specification and design of suitable dc side filtering. This document examines the existing experience and addresses the particular technical problems posed by multiterminal systems. The filtering requirements of small taps are discussed, as is the potential use of active filters. Aspects of calculation and design are considered and recommendations made to guide the planners and designers of future multiterminal schemes.

Shore, N.L.; Adamson, K.; Bard, P. [and others] [and others

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Polarons, Bipolarons, and Side-By-Side Polarons in Reduction of  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Polarons, Bipolarons, and Side-By-Side Polarons in Reduction of Polarons, Bipolarons, and Side-By-Side Polarons in Reduction of Oligofluorenes Lori Zaikowski, Parmeet Kaur, Claudia Gelfond, Elicia Selvaggio, Sadayuki Asaoka, Qin Wu, Hung-Cheng Chen, Norihiko Takeda, Andrew R. Cook, Alex Yang, John Rosanelli and John R. Miller J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134, 10852-10863 (2012). [Find paper at ACS Publications] Abstract: The nature of charge carriers in conjugated polymers was elucidated through optical spectroscopy following single- and multielectron reduction of 2,7-(9,9-dihexylfluorene) oligomers, Fn, n = 1-10, yielding spectra with the two bands typical of polarons upon single reduction. For short oligomers addition of a second electron gave a single band demonstrating the classic polaron-bipolaron transition. However, for long oligomers

251

Side-by-Side Comparison of Particle Count and Mass Concentration  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Side-by-Side Comparison of Particle Count and Mass Concentration Side-by-Side Comparison of Particle Count and Mass Concentration Measurements in a Residence Title Side-by-Side Comparison of Particle Count and Mass Concentration Measurements in a Residence Publication Type Report Year of Publication 2011 Authors Chan, Wanyu R., and Federico Noris Publisher Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory City Berkeley Keywords energy analysis and environmental impacts department Abstract Particulate matter (PM) is a contaminant of concern in many indoor environments, including residential and commercial buildings. Health guidelines for exposure to particles are in units of mass concentrations. Relative to time-integrated mass measurements collected on filters, real-time particle counters are less time-consuming to operate. Studies found reasonable correlation between these two measurement techniques, but agreement may vary in different sampling environments, and depends on the instruments used. We performed a side-by-side comparison of particle counts and mass concentrations estimated by three types of real-time instruments: MetOne BT-637 optical particle counter (OPC), TSI DustTrak aerosol monitor, and TSI aerodynamic particle sizer (APS) spectrometer. In addition to these real-time instruments, time-integrated particle mass was also collected using PM2.5 and PM10 Personal Environmental Monitors (PEMs) manufactured by SKC. Sampling was conducted for two consecutive days in an occupied single-family house in Berkeley, California. Concentration profiles had similar trends, with DustTraks reporting higher particle mass concentrations, partially explained by the density value assumed in the calibration. We made assumptions for particle size and density to calculate the PM2.5 and PM10 mass concentrations for the MetOne and APS, and compared with the filter-based measurements. Despite uncertainties and assumptions, there was generally good agreement for the different methods.

252

Intelligent demand side energy management system for autonomous polygeneration microgrids  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Autonomous polygeneration microgrids is a novel approach in addressing the needs of remote areas. These needs can include power, fuel for transportation in the form of hydrogen, potable water through desalination and space heating and cooling. This approach has been investigated technically and economically and has proved viable. Further research has taken place in the supervisory management of this topology using computational intelligence techniques like fuzzy logic, which has optimized the concept minimizing the sizes of the installed components. The optimal design of the system can meet, though, only the design principles and needs. In reality experience has shown that most autonomous power systems operate out of specifications very shortly after installation or after a couple of years new needs arise and it is not possible economic wise for the people to extend it. In these cases the microgrid would struggle to cover the increased needs and in the end fail, causing blackouts. A solution to this is partial load shedding in an intelligent manner. This paper presents a multi agent system for intelligent demand side management of the polygeneration microgrid topology which also includes grey prediction algorithms for better management. This approach can also be used for designing the optimal polygeneration microgrid for a given amount of an investment. The results show that the proposed intelligent demand side management system can address its design principles successfully and guaranty the most effective operation even in conditions near and over the limits of the design specification of the autonomous polygeneration microgrid.

George Kyriakarakos; Dimitrios D. Piromalis; Anastasios I. Dounis; Konstantinos G. Arvanitis; George Papadakis

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Savings Project: Insulate Your Water Heater Tank | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Savings Project: Insulate Your Water Heater Tank Savings Project: Insulate Your Water Heater Tank Savings Project: Insulate Your Water Heater Tank Addthis Project Level medium Energy Savings $20-$45 annually Time to Complete 1.5 hours Overall Cost $30 Insulate your hot water tank to save energy and money. | Photo courtesy of iStockphoto.com/glennebo Insulate your hot water tank to save energy and money. | Photo courtesy of iStockphoto.com/glennebo Just like insulating your walls or roof, insulating your hot water tank is an easy and inexpensive way to improve energy efficiency and save you money each month. If your water tank is new, it is likely already insulated. If you have an older hot water tank, check to see if it has insulation with an R-value of at least 24. If not, consider insulating your water tank, which

254

Solar hot water system installed at Las Vegas, Nevada. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The solar hot water system installed at LaQuinta Motor Inn Inc., at Las Vegas, Nevada is described. The Inn is a three-story building with a flat roof for installation of the solar panels. The system consists of 1200 square feet of liquid flat plate collectors, a 2500 gallon insulated vertical steel storage tank, two heat exchangers and pumps and controls. The system was designed to supply approximately 74 percent of the total hot water load.

None

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

Cost Analysis of Roof-Only Air Sealing and Insulation Strategies on 1 1/2-Story Homes in Cold Climates  

SciTech Connect

The External Thermal and Moisture Management System (ETMMS), typically seen in deep energy retrofits, is a valuable approach for the roof-only portions of existing homes, particularly the 1 1/2-story home. It is effective in reducing energy loss through the building envelope, improving building durability, reducing ice dams, and providing opportunities to improve occupant comfort and health.

Ojczyk, C.

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Design and Simulation for Architectural Geometry Figure 1: Daytime and nighttime scenes of designed roof by using the developed computational tools  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

roof by using the developed computational tools 031.PDF Keywords: Architectural Geometry, Procedural an innovative computational design tool used to edit architectural geometry interactively and demonstratesDesign and Simulation for Architectural Geometry Figure 1: Daytime and nighttime scenes of designed

257

E-Print Network 3.0 - anechoic water tank Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1, 2, and 3 including steam drums, water drums, firebox, and exhaust stack. All tanks including... Side of Surface Condenser < Fuel Oil Storage Tanks < Chilled Water...

258

WIPP supplementary roof support system, Room 1, Panel 1: Geotechnical field data analysis bi-annual report  

SciTech Connect

In June 1991, Waste Isolation Division (WID) initiated the design effort to develop a supplementary roof support system to extend the life of Room 1, Panel 1, to allow successful completion of the bin-scale test program. A number of potential options for ground control were considered leading to the finalization of the currently installed roof support system. This highly instrumented system is ``state of the art`` for mine ground control and will provide extensive geotechnical data. The system is an innovative blend of several standard techniques and incorporates five of the suggestions made by the Geotechnical Panel in its report of June 1991, on the effective life of Rooms in Panel 1. The design was subjected to an exhaustive scrutiny by two formal Design Review Panels and was approved based on reviewed design documents, on-site observations at the WIPP underground facility, and detailed discussions with members of the design team. The original requirement was to have only a section of the room completed in October in preparation for first waste receipt. This goal was met and the relatively complex installation in the entire room was completed in December 1991. The Support System, with all its instrumentation, is now fully operational and generating geotechnical data. Examination of extensometer, closure and load cell data indicate that Room support is performing within the design parameters. All the anchors were initially loaded to approximately 445 kN (1000 lbs). The results of load cell monitoring indicates a steady increase of load on the rock bolts. The anchors installed near the room centerline have shown the greatest increase with the outermost anchors showing little or no load.

Not Available

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

WIPP supplementary roof support system, Room 1, Panel 1: Geotechnical field data analysis bi-annual report  

SciTech Connect

In June 1991, Waste Isolation Division (WID) initiated the design effort to develop a supplementary roof support system to extend the life of Room 1, Panel 1, to allow successful completion of the bin-scale test program. A number of potential options for ground control were considered leading to the finalization of the currently installed roof support system. This highly instrumented system is state of the art'' for mine ground control and will provide extensive geotechnical data. The system is an innovative blend of several standard techniques and incorporates five of the suggestions made by the Geotechnical Panel in its report of June 1991, on the effective life of Rooms in Panel 1. The design was subjected to an exhaustive scrutiny by two formal Design Review Panels and was approved based on reviewed design documents, on-site observations at the WIPP underground facility, and detailed discussions with members of the design team. The original requirement was to have only a section of the room completed in October in preparation for first waste receipt. This goal was met and the relatively complex installation in the entire room was completed in December 1991. The Support System, with all its instrumentation, is now fully operational and generating geotechnical data. Examination of extensometer, closure and load cell data indicate that Room support is performing within the design parameters. All the anchors were initially loaded to approximately 445 kN (1000 lbs). The results of load cell monitoring indicates a steady increase of load on the rock bolts. The anchors installed near the room centerline have shown the greatest increase with the outermost anchors showing little or no load.

Not Available

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

NSTX High Field Side Gas Fueling System  

SciTech Connect

Fueling National Spherical Torus Experiment (NSTX) plasmas with gas injected from the high field side (HFS) has produced earlier, more reliable transitions to the H-mode, longer H-mode durations, higher toroidal rotation, and higher edge electron temperature compared with similar discharges using the low field side (LFS) gas fueling injectors. The HFS gas fueling system consists of a Center Stack midplane injector, and an injector at the inner, upper corner of the Center Stack. The challenging design and installation constraints for the HFS gas system involved placing the control components as close as possible to the machine-vacuum interface, devising a special feed-through flange, traversing through vessel regions whose temperatures during bake-out range from 150 to 350 degrees Centigrade, adapting the gas transport tubing size and route to the small instrumentation wire channels behind the existing graphite plasma facing component tiles on the Center Stack, and providing output orifices shielded from excessive plasma power depositions while concentrating the output flow to facilitate fast camera viewing and analysis. Design, recent performance, and future upgrades will be presented.

H.W. Kugel; M. Anderson; G. Barnes; M. Bell; W. Blanchard; L. Dudek; D. Gates; R. Gernhardt; R. Maingi; D. Mueller; T. Provost; R. Raman; V. Soukhanovskii; J. Winston

2003-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "roofs siding water" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Industrial demand side management status report: Synopsis  

SciTech Connect

Industrial demand side management (DSM) programs, though not as developed or widely implemented as residential and commercial programs, hold the promise of significant energy savings-savings that will benefit industrial firms, utilities and the environment. This paper is a synopsis of a larger research report, Industrial Demand Side Management. A Status Report, prepared for the US Department of Energy. The report provides an overview of and rationale for DSM programs. Benefits and barriers are described, and data from the Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey are used to estimate potential electricity savings from industrial energy efficiency measures. Overcoming difficulties to effective program implementation is worthwhile, since rough estimates indicate a substantial potential for electricity savings. The report categorizes types of DSM programs, presents several examples of each type, and explores elements of successful programs. Two in-depth case studies (of Boise Cascade and of Eli Lilly and Company) illustrate two types of effective DSM programs. Interviews with staff from state public utility commissions indicate the current thinking about the status and future of industrial DSM programs. Finally, the research report also includes a comprehensive bibliography, a description of technical assistance programs, and an example of a methodology for evaluating potential or actual savings from projects.

Hopkins, M.E.F.; Conger, R.L.; Foley, T.J.; Parker, J.W.; Placet, M.; Sandahl, L.J.; Spanner, G.E.; Woodruff, M.G.; Norland, D.

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Northern Tool + Equipment Find the Right Fitting for Your Pressure Washer at Northern Tool! NorthernTool.com/PressureWashers Pristine Pressure Pressure/power washing in Maryland Vinyl siding cleaned, decks cleaned www.pristinepressure.com  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ability to clean while saving on our most important resources, water and energy." In recognition! NorthernTool.com/PressureWashers Pristine Pressure Pressure/power washing in Maryland Vinyl siding cleaned, decks cleaned www.pristinepressure.com Siding Cleaning Bring back the life to your siding! Estimates

Sóbester, András

263

A new comprehensive semiempirical approach to calculate three-phase water/hydrocarbons equilibria  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

et a/. ' worked on n-butane and water systems in both two- and three-phase regions. McKetta and Katz '' investigated the mutual solubility of a methane/n-butane/water system in two-phase and three-phase regions. Kobayashi and Katz" worked... on propane and water in both two- and three-phase regions. Wehe and McKetta reported the mutual solubility of an n-butane/i-butane/water system. Anthony and McKetta" provided similar data on the propane/propylene/water system. Roof" investigated the vapor...

Tandia, Bagus Krisna

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Research on the Demand Side Management Under Smart Grid  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

From the 1970 of the twentieth century demand side management has gradually become standardized management mode in electric power industry in developed ... coverage, full collection, full prepayment” to demand-side

Litong Dong; Jun Xu; Haibo Liu; Ying Guo

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

STATE OF CALIFORNIA AIR, WATER SIDE SYSTEM, SERVICE HOT WATER & POOL REQUIREMENTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

/Cool 144(d) Economizer 144(e) Heat and Cool Air Supply Reset 144(f) Electric Resistance Heating1 144(g) Heat Rejection System §144 (h) Air Cooled Chiller Limitation §144 (i) Duct Leakage Sealing. If Yes, a MECH-4-A must be submitted 144(k) 1. Total installed capacity (MBtu/hr) of all electric heat

266

The Important Participants in Demand-Side Management: Power Consumers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Electric power consumers are the basis for demand-side management (DSM) practice. Increased power consumption efficiency...

Zhaoguang Hu; Xinyang Han; Quan Wen

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

SIDES: A Cooperative Tabletop Computer Game for Social Skills Development  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents a design case study of SIDES: Shared Interfaces to Develop Effective Social Skills. SIDES's Syndrome, practice effective group work skills using a four-player cooperative computer game that runs on tabletop technology. We present the design process and evaluation of SIDES conducted over a period of six

Stanford University

268

Industrial demand side management: A status report  

SciTech Connect

This report provides an overview of and rationale for industrial demand side management (DSM) programs. Benefits and barriers are described, and data from the Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey are used to estimate potential energy savings in kilowatt hours. The report presents types and examples of programs and explores elements of successful programs. Two in-depth case studies (from Boise Cascade and Eli Lilly and Company) illustrate two types of effective DSM programs. Interviews with staff from state public utility commissions indicate the current thinking about the status and future of industrial DSM programs. A comprehensive bibliography is included, technical assistance programs are listed and described, and a methodology for evaluating potential or actual savings from projects is delineated.

Hopkins, M.F.; Conger, R.L.; Foley, T.J. [and others

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Analysis of Michigan's demand-side electricity resources in the residential sector: Volume 3, End-use studies: Revised final report  

SciTech Connect

This volume of the ''Analysis of Michigan's Demand-Side Electricity Resources in the Residential Sector'' contains end-use studies on various household appliances including: refrigerators, freezers, lighting systems, water heaters, air conditioners, space heaters, and heat pumps. (JEF)

Krause, F.; Brown, J.; Connell, D.; DuPont, P.; Greely, K.; Meal, M.; Meier, A.; Mills, E.; Nordman, B.

1988-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Water quality Water quantity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

01-1 · Water quality · Water quantity · Remediation strategies MinE 422: Water Resources: Younger, Banwart and Hedin. 2002. Mine Water. Hydrology, Pollution, Remediation. Impacts of mining on water mining ­ Often the largest long term issue ­ Water quality affected, surface/ground water pollution

Boisvert, Jeff

271

Water quality Water quantity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

· Water quality · Water quantity · Remediation strategies MinE 422: Water Resources: Younger, Banwart and Hedin. 2002. Mine Water. Hydrology, Pollution, Remediation. Impacts of mining on water mining ­ Often the largest long term issue ­ Water quality affected, surface/ground water pollution

Boisvert, Jeff

272

"Trickling down or spilling over?" Exploring the links between international and sub-national water conflicts in the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, a policy shift has to take place to demand-side management of water resources. This transition involves conflicts when water is reallocated between sectors. Avoiding demand-side management in the long management effectiveness by taking water conflict linkages into consideration, focusing on demand-side

Richner, Heinz

273

Incentives for demand-side management  

SciTech Connect

This report is the first product of an ongoing project to monitor the efforts of states to remove regulatory barriers to, and provide financial incentives for, utility investment in demand-side management (DSM) resources. The project was commissioned by the National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners (NARUC) in response to growing interest among regulators for a comprehensive survey of developments in this area. Each state report beings with an overview of the state`s progress toward removing regulatory barriers and providing incentives for DSM. Information is organized under five headings: status; IRP regulations and practice; current treatment of DSM, directions and trends; commission contact person. Where applicable, each overview is followed by one or more sections that report on specific incentive proposals or mechanisms within the state. Information on each proposal or mechanism is organized under eight headings. A notation on each page identifies the utility or other group associated with the proposal or mechanism. The eight headings are as follows: status; background; treatment of cost recovery; treatment of lost revenues/decoupling; treatment of profitability; other features; issues, and additional observations.

Reid, M.W.; Brown, J.B. [Barakat and Chamberlin, Inc., Oakland, CA (United States)] [Barakat and Chamberlin, Inc., Oakland, CA (United States)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Incentives for demand-side management  

SciTech Connect

This report is the first product of an ongoing project to monitor the efforts of states to remove regulatory barriers to, and provide financial incentives for, utility investment in demand-side management (DSM) resources. The project was commissioned by the National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners (NARUC) in response to growing interest among regulators for a comprehensive survey of developments in this area. Each state report beings with an overview of the state's progress toward removing regulatory barriers and providing incentives for DSM. Information is organized under five headings: status; IRP regulations and practice; current treatment of DSM, directions and trends; commission contact person. Where applicable, each overview is followed by one or more sections that report on specific incentive proposals or mechanisms within the state. Information on each proposal or mechanism is organized under eight headings. A notation on each page identifies the utility or other group associated with the proposal or mechanism. The eight headings are as follows: status; background; treatment of cost recovery; treatment of lost revenues/decoupling; treatment of profitability; other features; issues, and additional observations.

Reid, M.W.; Brown, J.B. (Barakat and Chamberlin, Inc., Oakland, CA (United States)) [Barakat and Chamberlin, Inc., Oakland, CA (United States)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

The foul side of 'clean coal'  

SciTech Connect

As power plants face new air pollution control, ash piles and their environmental threats are poised to grow. Recent studies have shown that carcinogens and other contaminants in piles of waste ash from coal-fired power plants can leach into water supplies at concentrations exceeding drinking water standards. Last year an ash dam broke at the 55-year old power plant in Kingston, TN, destroying homes and rising doubts about clean coal. Despite the huge amounts of ash generated in the USA (131 mtons per year) no federal regulations control the fate of ash from coal-fired plants. 56% of this is not used in products such as concrete. The EPA has found proof of water contamination from many operating ash sites which are wet impoundments, ponds or reservoirs of some sort. Several member of Congress have show support for new ash-handling requirements and an inventory of waste sites. Meanwhile, the Kingston disaster may well drive utilities to consider dry handling. 3 photos.

Johnson, J.

2009-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

276

The Impact of Above-Sheathing Ventilation on the Thermal and Moisture Performance of Steep-Slope Residential Roofs and Attics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

France of the Building Technologies Program. The IrBCP project team members are Andre? Desjarlais, William Miller, Tom Petrie, Jan Kosny and Achilles Karagiozis, all of ORNL’s Buildings Envelope Program. The Metal Construction Association and its affiliate members.... Beal, D., and S. Chandra. 1995. “The Measured Summer Performance of Tile Roof Systems and Attic Ventilation Strategies in Hot Humid Climates.” In Proceedings of the Thermal Performance of the Exterior Envelopes of Buildings VI. U.S. DOE/ORNL...

Miller, W.; Karagiozis, A.; Wilson, J.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

Tunable, diode side-pumped Er:YAG laser  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A discrete-element Er:YAG laser, side pumped by a 220 Watt peak-power InGaAs diode array, generates >500 mWatts at 2.94 {micro}m, and is tunable over a 6 nm range near about 2.936 {micro}m. The oscillator is a plano-concave resonator consisting of a concave high reflector, a flat output coupler, a Er:YAG crystal and a YAG intracavity etalon, which serves as the tuning element. The cavity length is variable from 3 cm to 4 cm. The oscillator uses total internal reflection in the Er:YAG crystal to allow efficient coupling of the diode emission into the resonating modes of the oscillator. With the tuning element removed, the oscillator produces up to 1.3 Watts of average power at 2.94 {micro}m. The duty factor of the laser is 6.5% and the repetition rate is variable up to 1 kHz. This laser is useful for tuning to an atmospheric transmission window at 2.935 {micro}m (air wavelength). The laser is also useful as a spectroscopic tool because it can access several infrared water vapor transitions, as well as transitions in organic compounds. Other uses include medical applications (e.g., for tissue ablation and uses with fiber optic laser scalpels) and as part of industrial effluent monitoring systems. 4 figs.

Hamilton, C.E.; Furu, L.H.

1997-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

278

Tunable, diode side-pumped Er: YAG laser  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A discrete-element Er:YAG laser, side pumped by a 220 Watt peak-power InGaAs diode array, generates >500 mWatts at 2.94 .mu.m, and is tunable over a 6 nm range near about 2.936 .mu.m. The oscillator is a plano-concave resonator consisting of a concave high reflector, a flat output coupler, a Er:YAG crystal and a YAG intracavity etalon, which serves as the tuning element. The cavity length is variable from 3 cm to 4 cm. The oscillator uses total internal reflection in the Er:YAG crystal to allow efficient coupling of the diode emission into the resonating modes of the oscillator. With the tuning element removed, the oscillator produces up to 1.3 Watts of average power at 2.94 .mu.m. The duty factor of the laser is 6.5% and the repetition rate is variable up to 1 kHz. This laser is useful for tuning to an atmospheric transmission window at 2.935 .mu.m (air wavelength). The laser is also useful as a spectroscopic tool because it can access several infrared water vapor transitions, as well as transitions in organic compounds. Other uses include medical applications (e.g., for tissue ablation and uses with fiber optic laser scalpels) and as part of industrial effluent monitoring systems.

Hamilton, Charles E. (Bellevue, WA); Furu, Laurence H. (Modesto, CA)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Event:COP 18 Side Event | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

COP 18 Side Event COP 18 Side Event Jump to: navigation, search Calendar.png COP 18 Side Event: Advancing Collaborative Action for Low Emissions Development: on 2012/11/30 At the U.S. Center in Doha, Qatar, during the UNFCCC's eighteenth Conference of the Parties (COP 18) from 26 November - 7 December, the LEDS Global Partnership will host a side event: Advancing Collaborative Action for Low Emissions Development. Event Details Name COP 18 Side Event: Advancing Collaborative Action for Low Emissions Development Date 2012/11/30 Location Doha, Qatar Organizer LEDS Global Partnership Tags LEDS, CLEAN, Training Website Event Website Ret LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. rieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Event:COP_18_Side_Event&oldid=538797"

280

Double sided circuit board and a method for its manufacture  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Conductance between the sides of a large double sided printed circuit board is provided using a method which eliminates the need for chemical immersion or photographic exposure of the entire large board. A plurality of through-holes are drilled or punched in a substratum according to the desired pattern, conductive laminae are made to adhere to both sides of the substratum covering the holes and the laminae are pressed together and permanently joined within the holes, providing conductive paths. 4 figs.

Lindenmeyer, C.W.

1988-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "roofs siding water" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Network-Driven Demand Side Management Website | Open Energy Informatio...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

UtilityElectricity Service Costs) for this property. This task of the International Energy Agency is a broad, systematic examination of the potential for demand-side...

282

Changing Energy Demand Behavior: Potential of Demand-Side Management  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

There is a great theoretical potential to save resources by managing our demand for energy. However, demand-side management (DSM) programs targeting behavioral patterns of...

Dr. Sylvia Breukers; Dr. Ruth Mourik…

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Distributed Coordination Schemes for Periodic Loads for Demand Side Management.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Demand side management (DSM) is a means to improve the energy efficiency, reduce the greenhouse gas emission, the consumers’ cost and the power grid… (more)

Xia, Tian

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Load-side Demand Management in Buildings using Controlled Electric Springs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The concept of demand-side management for electricand simulation of demand-side management potential in urbanin smart grids, demand side management has been a keen topic

Soni, Jayantika; Krishnanand, KR; Panda, Sanjib

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Water conservation behavior in Australia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ensuring a nation's long term water supply requires the use of both supply-sided approaches such as water augmentation through water recycling, and demand-sided approaches such as water conservation. Conservation behavior can only be increased if the key drivers of such behavior are understood. The aim of this study is to reveal the main drivers from a comprehensive pool of hypothesized factors. An empirical study was conducted with 3094 Australians. Data was analyzed using multivariate linear regression analysis and decision trees to determine which factors best predict self-reported water conservation behavior. Two key factors emerge: high level of pro-environmental behavior; and pro-actively seeking out information about water. A number of less influential factors are also revealed. Public communication strategy implications are derived.

Sara Dolnicar; Anna Hurlimann; Bettina Grün

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Water, water everywhere  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... available water resources, either locally or globally, are by no means exhausted. At present desalination -- the removal of salt from sea water or brackish water -- is very ... or brackish water -- is very expensive, mainly because it consumes so much energy. Desalination provides less than 0.2 per cent of all the water used in the world ...

Philip Ball

2000-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

287

Annual Performance Report -2010 Water Use Efficiency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Consumption (AC) ­ Annual Volume 459,480,000Total Water Produced and Purchased (TP) ­ Annual Volume listed above, WSU total water produced was 459.5 million gallons which is 101.5 million gallons less than.2% of water produced. Customer (Demand Side) Goal Progress: Additional Information Regarding Supply and Demand

Collins, Gary S.

288

Integration of Demand Side Management, Distributed Generation, Renewable  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Integration of Demand Side Management, Distributed Generation, Renewable Integration of Demand Side Management, Distributed Generation, Renewable Energy Sources, and Energy Storages: State-of-the-Art Report, Volume 1, Main Report Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Integration of Demand Side Management, Distributed Generation, Renewable Energy Sources, and Energy Storages: State-of-the-Art Report, Volume 1, Main Report Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Policy, Deployment, & Program Impact Website: www.ieadsm.org/Files/Tasks/Task%20XVII%20-%20Integration%20of%20Demand Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/integration-demand-side-management-di Language: English Policies: Regulations Regulations: Resource Integration Planning This task of the International Energy Agency's (IEA's) Demand-Side

289

Research Needs: Glass Solar Reflectance and Vinyl Siding  

SciTech Connect

The subject of glass solar reflectance and its contribution to permanent vinyl siding distortion has not been extensively studied, and some phenomena are not yet well understood. This white paper presents what is known regarding the issue and identifies where more research is needed. Three primary topics are discussed: environmental factors that control the transfer of heat to and from the siding surface; vinyl siding properties that may affect heat build-up and permanent distortion; and factors that determine the properties of reflected solar radiation from glass surfaces, including insulating window glass. Further research is needed to fully characterize the conditions associated with siding distortion, the scope of the problem, physical properties of vinyl siding, insulating window glass reflection characteristics, and possible mitigation or prevention strategies.

Hart, Robert; Curcija, Charlie; Arasteh, Dariush; Goudey, Howdy; Kohler, Christian; Selkowitz, Stephen

2011-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

290

Water Resources Water Quality and Water Treatment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Water Resources TD 603 Lecture 1: Water Quality and Water Treatment CTARA Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay 2nd November, 2011 #12;OVERVIEW Water Quality WATER TREATMENT PLANTS WATER TREATMENT PLANTS WATER TREATMENT PLANTS WATER TRE OVERVIEW OF THE LECTURE 1. Water Distribution Schemes Hand Pump

Sohoni, Milind

291

Lessons and Measures Learned from Continuous Commissioning(SM) of Central Chilled/Hot Water Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

water and hot water system operation. It can be performed before, during, or after building side continuous commissioning. Successful central chilled/hot water system CC not only results in improved production and distribution, but also achieves...

Deng, S.; Turner, W. D.; Claridge, D. E.; Bruner, H.; Chen, H.; Wei, G.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Solar hot water system installed at Mobile, Alabama. Final report  

SciTech Connect

This final report describes the solar energy hot water system installed at LaQuinta Motor Inn Inc., at Mobile, Alabama. The building is a 122 unit motel. The system consists of six rows of ten collectors and three rows of eleven collectors (1990 square feet) mounted on the roof. Griswald flow control valves were installed to regulate the flow to each row. Two Heliotrope electronic thermometers with a combined capability of measuring the temperatures of 22 different locations were installed for monitoring purposes. Engineering drawings, component specifications, and operator instructions are included.

None

1980-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

A detailed analysis of gains and losses of a fully-integrated flat roof amorphous silicon photovoltaic plant  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In 2003 a fully-integrated photovoltaic (PV) plant composed by amorphous silicon PV modules was installed on top of a flat roof in Lugano (Southern Switzerland) – a site representative for most of continental Europe – and continuously monitored since. This work follows a previous study which analyzed the first 2 years of operation of the plant, ascribing most of the noticeable winter losses to reflection losses due the lower position of the sun in the sky. Other loss mechanisms were discussed only from a qualitative point of view. The energy production of this particular PV installation is in fact influenced by several combined phenomena such as Staebler–Wronski, spectral variations, temperature and optical losses effects. The present work aims to widen the analysis by discerning between these partly competitive effects and attempts to give a quantitative description of the influence which each single phenomenon has on the energy performance of the PV plant. For this purpose, single PV modules similar to those of the plant (triple-junction a-Si) were subjected to several indoor and outdoor tests. By means of indoor characterization we found that reflection losses become significant for angles of incidence larger than 50°. Repeated indoor and outdoor degradation–recovery cycles underlined the influence of annealing time and temperature on the recovery of the PV modules. In particular outdoor degradation tests showed that at our latitudes (46°N) the influence of the Staebler–Wronski effect on the output power of these devices is around 10% (±5% around an annual average value). The influence of the spectral effects on the current of amorphous silicon modules was assessed by means of outdoor IV characterization: the short circuit current decreases linearly with AM value at a slope between 4% and 8% per AM-unit depending on the technology under investigation. Combining these three effects with the effect of temperature the authors are able to perform a simulation of gains and losses of the a-Si modules which well approximates the energy performance of the CPT-Solar plant over a whole year.

Lorenzo Fanni; Alessandro Virtuani; Domenico Chianese

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Integration of Demand Side Management, Distributed Generation, Renewable  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Integration of Demand Side Management, Distributed Generation, Renewable Integration of Demand Side Management, Distributed Generation, Renewable Energy Sources, and Energy Storages: State-of-the-Art Report, Volume 2, Annexes Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Integration of Demand Side Management, Distributed Generation, Renewable Energy Sources, and Energy Storages: State-of-the-Art Report, Volume 2, Annexes Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Policy, Deployment, & Program Impact Website: www.ieadsm.org/Files/Tasks/Task%20XVII%20-%20Integration%20of%20Demand Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/integration-demand-side-management-di Language: English Policies: Regulations Regulations: Resource Integration Planning This report provides Annexes 1 through 7, which are country reports from

295

Agreement for Energy Conservation and Demand Side Management Services Template  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Document features a template agreement between a U.S. Federal agency and a utility company for the implementation of energy conservation measures (ECMs) and demand side management (DSM) services.

296

From client-side encryption to secure web applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis presents an approach for designing secure web applications that use client-side encryption to keep user data private in the face of arbitrary web server compromises, as well as a set of tools, called CryptFrame, ...

Stark, Emily (Emily Margarete)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Optimizing Electric Humidifier Operation with an Air Side Economizer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Air side economizer cycle is a control scheme that is often used in WAC systems to reduce cooling energy consumption by introducing variable quantities of ambient air into a conditioned space to satisfy the space cooling load (free cooling...

Shami, U. F.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

A Survey on Privacy in Residential Demand Side Management Applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Demand Side Management (DSM) is an auspicious concept for ... on privacy energy issues and potential solutions in Demand Response systems. For this we give an ... the BSI and indicate three technical types of Demand

Markus Karwe; Jens Strüker

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Demand Side Management in Smart Buildings Using KNX/EIB  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper aims to present the development, design and analysis of a control scheme named Thermal Model Predictive Control for Demand Side Management Cooling Strategies. The control is implemented on ... for ener...

P. Romanos; N. Hatziargyriou; Jurgen Schmid

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Innovative and Progressive Electric Utility Demand-Side Management Strategies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to as Demand-Side Management (DSM) and are extremely rigorous in scope. Electric utilities have pursued many different DSM policies and strategies during the past decade. These programs have addressed various technologies and have included rebates for efficient...

Epstein, G. J.; Fuller, W. H.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "roofs siding water" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

COP 18 Side Event Agenda | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

COP 18 Side Event Agenda COP 18 Side Event Agenda Jump to: navigation, search LEDSGP Logo.png Advancing climate-resilient low emission development around the world Home About Tools Expert Assistance Events Publications Join Us COP18 Side Event Announcement Agenda Speakers Agenda LEDSGPSideEvent Agenda.pdf Powered by OpenEI ledsgp.org is built on the same platform as the popular Wikipedia site. Like Wikipedia, it is a "wiki" or website developed collaboratively by a community of users. Thanks to our unique relationship with OpenEI.org, you can add or edit most content on ledsgp.org. For more information about this unique collaboration, contact us. View or edit this page on OpenEI.org. Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=COP_18_Side_Event_Agenda&oldid=588616"

302

Photovoltaic roof heat flux  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Effect of building integrated photovoltaics on microclimateof a building's integrated-photovoltaics on heating a n dgaps for building- integrated photovoltaics, Solar Energy

Samady, Mezhgan Frishta

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Photovoltaic roof heat flux  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

t y (2009). 11. Pacific Gas &Electric, Go Solar California:California Solar Initiative (2008). A consumer's guide toprograms such as the California Solar Initiative (CSI) to

Samady, Mezhgan Frishta

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Photovoltaic roof heat flux  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

d b y t h e a n g l e d solar panel F i g u r e 62: C a l cK l e i s s l , C h a i r Solar panels were mounted w i t hthe optimal angles for solar panels [9], i n this study both

Samady, Mezhgan Frishta

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

A water film motor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report on electrically-induced rotations in water films, which can function at many length scales. The device consists of a two-dimensional cell used for electrolysis of water films, as simple as an insulator frame with two electrodes on the sides, to which an external in-plane electric field perpendicular to the mean electrolysis current density is applied. If either the external field or the electrolysis current exceeds some threshold (while the other one is not zero), the liquid film begins to rotate.

R. Shirsavar; A. Amjadi; N. Hamedani Radja; M. D. Niry; M. Reza Rahimi Tabar; M. R. Ejtehadi

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Water Efficiency  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Wheeler - Water Savers, LLC * fwheeler@watersaversllc.com Topics * Performance contracting analysis * Water industry terms * Federal reduction goals * Water balance * Water...

307

Mathematical analysis of the influence of the chimney height and collector area on the performance of a roof top solar chimney  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Determination of the roof top solar chimney behaviour during the day time is essential for the proper designing and sizing. This paper presents a mathematical model and analysis of an inclined type roof top solar chimney. The thermal energy and fluid flow processes were simulated mathematically based on the energy and mass balances. The model was converted to a MATLAB computer program and solved by iteration method. The analysis was carried out at various collector areas (15, 150, and 600 m2) and various chimney heights (5, 10, and 15 m). The model was validated by comparing the results with the experimental measurements. The developed mathematical model was able to predict the dynamic behaviour of the system. The results demonstrated that the performance of the system is highly influenced by the solar intensity. The system becomes functional for space ventilation when the solar intensity is higher than 400 W/m2 with a 15 m2 collector area and 5 m chimney height, under Malaysia and similar weather conditions. As the wind speed increases from 1.5 to 6 m/s, it contributes to reduce the system performance by 25% at solar intensity of 900 W/m2.

Hussain H. Al-Kayiem; Sreejaya K.V.; Syed Ihtsham Ul-Haq Gilani

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Detachment of Liquid-Water Droplets from Gas-Diffusion Layers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PEMFC cathode where liquid-water is produced in the catalystcathode side of the PEMFC, causing less oxygen to reach the active catalyst

Das, Prodip K.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

COP 18 Side Event: Advancing Collaborative Action for Low Emissions  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Event: Advancing Collaborative Action for Low Emissions Event: Advancing Collaborative Action for Low Emissions Development Jump to: navigation, search LEDSGP Logo.png Advancing climate-resilient low emission development around the world Home About Tools Expert Assistance Events Publications Join Us COP18 Side Event Announcement Agenda Speakers COP 18 Side Event - Advancing Collaborative Action for Low Emissions Development 30 November 2012 Doha, Qatar, U.S. Center On 30 November 2012 at the U.S. Center in Doha, Qatar, during the UNFCCC's eighteenth Conference of the Parties (COP 18) from 26 November - 7 December, the LEDS Global Partnership will host a side event: Advancing Collaborative Action for Low Emissions Development. The event is an initiative of the LEDS Global Partnership (http://openei.org/wiki/LEDSGP), founded to advance low emissions

310

Evolution of the Demand Side Management in the Smart Grid  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Evolution of the Demand Side Management in the Smart Grid Evolution of the Demand Side Management in the Smart Grid Speaker(s): Nathan Ota Date: October 20, 2011 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Janie Page Smart grid technology has rapidly evolved over the course of the last five years. From a demand side management perspective this includes consumer-owned Home Area Networks (HAN), network-centric HAN gateways, and a leveraging of a multitier smart grid for a variety of DSM applications. In particular, smart meters enable the consumer with electricity price information and near-real time energy usage data, but they also are the devices that consumers will most often interact. The success or failure of the in-home device is therefore critical to the larger Smart Grid success. Today, distinct DSM product categories are leading to a variety of new

311

Side extraction duoPIGatron-type ion source.  

SciTech Connect

We have designed and constructed a compact duoPIGatron-type ion source, for possible use in ion implanters, in such the ion can be extracted from side aperture in contrast to conventional duoPIGatron sources with axial ion extraction. The size of the side extraction aperture is 1x40 mm. The ion source was developed to study physical and technological aspects relevant to an industrial ion source. The side extraction duoPIGatron has stable arc, uniformly bright illumination, and dense plasma. The present work describes some of preliminary operating parameters of the ion source using Argon, BF3. The total unanalyzed beam currents are 23 mA using Ar at an arc current 5 A and 13 mA using BF3 gas at an arc current 6 A.

GUSHENETS,V.I.; OKS, E.M.; HERSCHOVITCH, A.; JOHNSON, B.M.

2007-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

312

U.S. electric utility demand-side management 1995  

SciTech Connect

The US Electric Utility Demand-Side Management report is prepared by the Coal and Electric Data and Renewables Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternative Fuels; Energy Information Administration (EIA); US Department of Energy. The report presents comprehensive information on electric power industry demand-side management (DSM) activities in the US at the national, regional, and utility levels. The objective of the publication is to provide industry decision makers, government policy makers, analysts, and the general public with historical data that may be used in understanding DSM as it relates to the US electric power industry. The first chapter, ``Profile: US Electric Utility Demand-Side Management``, presents a general discussion of DSM, its history, current issues, and a review of key statistics for the year. Subsequent chapters present discussions and more detailed data on energy savings, peak load reductions and costs attributable to DSM. 9 figs., 24 tabs.

NONE

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

U.S. electric utility demand-side management 1996  

SciTech Connect

The US Electric Utility Demand-Side Management report presents comprehensive information on electric power industry demand-side management (DSM) activities in the US at the national, regional, and utility levels. The objective of the publication is to provide industry decision makers, government policy makers, analysts, and the general public with historical data that may be used in understanding DSM as it related to the US electric power industry. The first chapter, ``Profile: U.S. Electric Utility Demand-Side Management,`` presents a general discussion of DSM, its history, current issues, and a review of key statistics for the year. Subsequent chapters present discussions and more detailed data on energy savings, peak load reductions and costs attributable to DSM. 9 figs., 24 tabs.

NONE

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Energy Conservation and Commercialization in Gujarat: Report On Demand Side  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Conservation and Commercialization in Gujarat: Report On Demand Side Energy Conservation and Commercialization in Gujarat: Report On Demand Side Management (DSM) In Gujarat Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Energy Conservation and Commercialization in Gujarat: Report On Demand Side Management (DSM) In Gujarat Focus Area: Crosscutting Topics: Opportunity Assessment & Screening Website: eco3.org/wp-content/plugins/downloads-manager/upload/Report%20on%20Dem Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/energy-conservation-and-commercializa Language: English Policies: "Deployment Programs,Financial Incentives,Regulations" is not in the list of possible values (Deployment Programs, Financial Incentives, Regulations) for this property. DeploymentPrograms: Technical Assistance Regulations: Resource Integration Planning

315

Real-Time PCR Detection of Pathogenic Microorganisms in Roof-Harvested Rainwater in Southeast Queensland, Australia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...state government has announced the Home Water Wise Rebate Scheme, which provides rebates to Southeast Queensland residents who install...Queensland Government. 2007. Home waterwise rebate scheme. http://www.nrw.qld.gov.au...

W. Ahmed; F. Huygens; A. Goonetilleke; T. Gardner

2008-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

316

Real-Time PCR Detection of Pathogenic Microorganisms in Roof-Harvested Rainwater in Southeast Queensland, Australia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...the Queensland state government has announced the Home Water Wise Rebate Scheme, which provides rebates to Southeast Queensland...We also thank Col Christiansen, Barry Hood, Cara Beal, Alison Vieritz, Colleen Morris, Godfrey Rod, Geoff Bosch, and Mary...

W. Ahmed; F. Huygens; A. Goonetilleke; T. Gardner

2008-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

317

Health Risk from the Use of Roof-Harvested Rainwater in Southeast Queensland, Australia, as Potable or Nonpotable Water, Determined Using Quantitative Microbial Risk Assessment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...rainwater. During phase two of the sampling program, 114 rainwater samples were collected...Basic Local Alignment Search Tool (BLAST) program to ensure that no homology with known gene...John Wiley Sons, Inc., New York, NY. 24 Hall, G., J. Raupach, and K...

W. Ahmed; A. Vieritz; A. Goonetilleke; T. Gardner

2010-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

318

Experimental study of integrated collector storage solar water heaters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Three Integrated Collector Storage Solar Water Heaters (ICSSWH) have been designed, constructed and experimentally studied in comparison to a Flat Plate Thermosiphonic Unit (FPTU). Each of the ICS experimental models consists of one cylindrical tank horizontally mounted in a stationary symmetrical Compound Parabolic Concentrating (CPC) reflector trough. The main objective is the design and construction of low cost solar water heaters with improved thermal performance and lower possible depths. The experimental models can be mounted on horizontal as well as on inclined roofs by adopting the lowest possible depth. The results show that these solar devices perform more than effectively all year long. This could contribute significantly on the development of ICS type solar water heaters.

M. Souliotis; D. Chemisana; Y.G. Caouris; Y. Tripanagnostopoulos

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Review of Strategies and Technologies for Demand-Side Management on Isolated Mini-Grids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Technologies for Demand-Side Management on Isolated Mini-technologies used for demand- side management (DSM) on mini-can provide additional demand-side management based on the

Harper, Meg

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Mul$-scale Demand-Side Management for Con$nuous Power-intensive Processes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Mul$-scale Demand-Side Management for Con$nuous Power-intensive Processes Response Energy Efficiency Demand-Side Management (DSM)1 Integra on Demand-Side Management, with an emphasis on price responsive programs", CRA No

Grossmann, Ignacio E.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "roofs siding water" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

E-Print Network 3.0 - aromatic side chain Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1. Interactions between oppositely charged amino acid side- chains in the interaction interface... chain- main chain, main chain- sidechain and sidechain-side- chain. Only...

322

Review of Self-direct Demand Side Management (DSM) Programs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Review of Self-direct Demand Side Management (DSM) Programs Review of Self-direct Demand Side Management (DSM) Programs Title Review of Self-direct Demand Side Management (DSM) Programs Publication Type Presentation Year of Publication 2012 Authors Borgeson, Merrian Keywords demand side resources: policy, electricity markets, electricity markets and policy group, energy analysis and environmental impacts department, energy efficiency, self direct programs, technical assistance Full Text LBNL recently provided technical assistance funded by DOE to the Public Utilities Commission of Ohio to inform their decision-making about changes to their existing self-direct program for commercial and industrial customers. Self-direct programs are usually targeted at large industrial customers with specialized needs or strong in-house energy engineering capacity. These programs are found in at least 24 states, and there is significant variety in how these programs are structured - with important implications for the additionality and reliability of the energy savings that result. LBNL reviewed existing programs and compared key elements of self-direct program design. For additional questions about this work, please contact Merrian Borgeson.

323

Post-Mubarak Egypt: The Dark Side of Islamic Utopia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

23 Post-Mubarak Egypt: The Dark Side of Islamic Utopia Robert S. Wistrich Robert S. Wistrich victor in the first two rounds of the democratic elections currently taking place in post-Mubarak Egypt. Though they did not initiate the wider popular movement toward democracy, the Islamist forces in Egypt

Anat, Maril,

324

Double-Sided Cooling Design for Novel Planar Module  

SciTech Connect

A novel packaging structure for medium power modules featuring power semiconductor switches sandwiched between two symmetric substrates that fulfill electrical conduction and insulation functions is presented. Large bonding areas between dies and substrates allow this packaging technology to offer significant improvements in electrical, thermal performance. Double-sided cooling system was dedicatedly analyzed and designed for different applications.

Ning, Puqi [ORNL; Liang, Zhenxian [ORNL; Marlino, Laura D [ORNL; Wang, Fei [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

The Other Side of the Stethoscope: Mental Health on  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, written survey exploring attitudes toward personal health care and potentially impairing illness in peersThe Other Side of the Stethoscope: Mental Health on the Physician Developmental Continuum Andreea L mental health difficulties in medical students, residents, and practicing physicians · Understand

Leistikow, Bruce N.

326

Server-side Tracking of New Documents Fred Douglis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Server-side Tracking of New Documents Fred Douglis douglis@research.att.com AT&T Labs that is already common for other purposes, to identify a particular user across visits and to track the versions. Indeed, Chen and Koutsofios's Website News system [3], which tracks changes recursively from a site

Douglis, Fred

327

National Chemistry Week Theme: "Candy: The Sweet Side of Chemistry"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

National Chemistry Week Theme: "Candy: The Sweet Side of Chemistry" Super Science Saturday Saturday-on chemistry and science demonstrations! All students & families are welcome! Fun & educational for all ages! Sponsored by: American Chemical Society LSU Department of Chemistry LSU Athletic Department Free admission

Stephens, Jacqueline

328

Fault and Side-Channel Attacks on Pairing Based Cryptography ?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

such devices will be carried into and used in hostile environments and often house sensitive information devices need to be aware of similar problems in their operational environments. We can extend this passive information as passive attacks. Although side-channel attack and defence techniques are becoming increas

329

Building America Case Study: Cost Analysis of Roof-Only Air Sealing and Insulation Strategies on 1-1/2 Story Homes in Cold Climates, Minneapolis, MN (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

The External Thermal and Moisture Management System (ETMMS), typically seen in deep energy retrofits, is a valuable approach for the roof-only portions of existing homes, particularly the 1 1/2-story home. It is effective in reducing energy loss through the building envelope, improving building durability, reducing ice dams, and providing opportunities to improve occupant comfort and health.

Not Available

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

Real-Time PCR Detection of Pathogenic Microorganisms in Roof-Harvested Rainwater in Southeast Queensland, Australia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...announced the Home Water Wise Rebate Scheme, which provides rebates to Southeast Queensland...in Brisbane, within 1 to 4 days after a rain...tanks sampled ranged from 500 to 10,000 liters...hydrophila 2.51 pg, 25.1 fg 500, 5 6 6 (100), 6...

W. Ahmed; F. Huygens; A. Goonetilleke; T. Gardner

2008-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

331

Water, landscape, and architecture : a public bathhouse on the ocean side  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Leisure. n. : Freedom from time-consuming duties, responsibilities, or activities. Regeneration. n. : 1. The act or process of regenerating or the state of being regenerated. 2. Spiritual or moral revival or rebirth. This ...

Wong, Angela Siu-Kan

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Model-Driven Design of Web Applications with Client-Side Adaptation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-side "backbone". We then integrate such a backbone with UML-Guide [9], a client-side personalization engineModel-Driven Design of Web Applications with Client-Side Adaptation Stefano Ceri1 , Peter Dolog2. In this paper, we integrate WebML, a high-level model and technol- ogy for building server-side Web applications

Dolog, Peter

333

An MILP Formulation for Load-Side Demand Control Zhonghui Luo, Ratnesh Kumar*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Demand control systems can be divided functionally into supply-side and load-side control/management systems. Supply-side demand management systems, implemented by the utilities, choose between maintainingAn MILP Formulation for Load-Side Demand Control Zhonghui Luo, Ratnesh Kumar* , Joseph Sottile

Kumar, Ratnesh

334

Introduction Water conservation is becoming increasingly important to many utilities worldwide. Not only are water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

#12;Introduction Water conservation is becoming increasingly important to many utilities worldwide, to conserve. Utilities often use price structure and other demand side management tools to send a conservation be defined as the time period between billing. Most water utilities either use monthly (once a month), or bi

Mangel, Marc

335

Catalyzing Cooperative Action for Low Emissions Development Side Event in  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Side Event in Side Event in Bonn Jump to: navigation, search LEDSGP Logo.png Advancing climate-resilient low emission development around the world Home About Tools Expert Assistance Events Publications Join Us Bonn Event Agenda Presentations Catalyzing Cooperative Action for Low Emissions Development May 23, 2012 Bonn, Germany Dear Colleagues, We are delighted to invite you to participate in an event co-convened by the International Partnership on Mitigation and MRV and the Low Emissions Development Strategies (LEDS) Global Partnership. The event titled Catalyzing Cooperative Action for Low Emissions Development will take place on May 23, 2012 from 17:00-19:15 at the BMU Headquarters in Bonn, Room Number: 1.150 (first floor) and will be followed by a reception from 19:15-20:30 (same level). The purpose of the event is to share information

336

Demand-Side Management (DSM) Opportunities as Real-Options  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Demand-Side Management (DSM) Opportunities as Real-Options Demand-Side Management (DSM) Opportunities as Real-Options Speaker(s): Osman Sezgen Date: August 1, 2002 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Kristina LaCommare As some end-users of energy and aggregators are choosing to be exposed to real-time prices and energy price volatility, they are coming across new DSM opportunities that would not be feasible under typical utility rate structures. Effective evaluation of such opportunities requires a good understanding of the wholesale energy markets and the use of models based on recent financial techniques for option pricing. The speaker will give examples of such modeling approaches based on his experience in the retail-energy industry. Specific examples will include evaluation of distributed generation, load curtailment, dual-fuel cooling, and energy

337

COP 18 Side Event General Information | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » COP 18 Side Event General Information Jump to: navigation, search LEDSGP Logo.png Advancing climate-resilient low emission development around the world Home About Tools Expert Assistance Events Publications Join Us COP18 Side Event Announcement Agenda Speakers General Information LEDSGPDoha - Advancing Collaborative Action for Low Emissions Development.pdf Powered by OpenEI ledsgp.org is built on the same platform as the popular Wikipedia site. Like Wikipedia, it is a "wiki" or website developed collaboratively by a community of users. Thanks to our unique relationship with OpenEI.org, you

338

Shady Side, Maryland: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Side, Maryland: Energy Resources Side, Maryland: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 38.8417821°, -76.5121798° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.8417821,"lon":-76.5121798,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

339

Water Trapping on Tidally Locked Terrestrial Planets Requires Special Conditions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Surface liquid water is essential for standard planetary habitability. Calculations of atmospheric circulation on tidally locked planets around M stars suggest that this peculiar orbital configuration lends itself to the trapping of large amounts of water in kilometers-thick ice on the night side, potentially removing all liquid water from the day side where photosynthesis is possible. We study this problem using a global climate model including coupled atmosphere, ocean, land, and sea-ice components as well as a continental ice sheet model driven by the climate model output. For a waterworld we find that surface winds transport sea ice toward the day side and the ocean carries heat toward the night side. As a result, night-side sea ice remains O(10 m) thick and night-side water trapping is insignificant. If a planet has large continents on its night side, they can grow ice sheets O(1000 m) thick if the geothermal heat flux is similar to Earth's or smaller. Planets with a water complement similar to Earth's w...

Yang, Jun; Hu, Yongyun; Abbot, Dorian S

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Side-Jump Effect in Paramagnetic Amorphous Metals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(H) that is based on. the side-jump effect. Measurements for chi, R(H), and rho of (Zr0.64Cu0.36)1-xAlx and chi for (Zr0.50Ni0.50)1-xAlx alloys are presented. The odd behavior of the Hall coefficients of these alloys and the anomalous positive Hall coefficients...

RHIE, K.; Naugle, Donald G.; O, BH; MARKERT, JT.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "roofs siding water" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

A new microstrip detector with double-sided readout  

SciTech Connect

A Si {mu}-strip detector has been developed with 50 {mu}m pitch strips on both p- and n-side, using the principle of capacitive coupling between p{sup +} diode strips---respectively n{sup +} strips and the metallization strips which connect to the front-end preamplifiers. The detector is biased on both sides via polysilicon resistors connecting each p{sup +} or n{sup +} line to a common bias bus. To allow ohmic separation at the n-side, the accumulation layer of electrons has to be disrupted between the n{sup +} strips. This has been achieved in three different ways: separate polysilicon lines on thick oxide between two adjacent n{sup +} lines to break the conducting accumulation layer by externally induced field depletion or using the metal lines of the n{sup +} strips on thick oxide and on thin oxide. Results on 20 {times} 20 mm{sup 2} test devices are presented.

Avset, B.S.; Evensen, L. (SI, Oslo (NO)); Chabaud, V.; Dijkstra, H.; Horisberger, R.; Hubbeling, L.; Maehlum, G.; Peisert, A.; Roditi, I.; Weilhammer, P. (CERN, Geneva (CH)); Czermak, A.; Jalocha, P.; Turala, M. (Institute of Nuclear Physics, Cracow (Poland)); Bambade, P. (LAL, Orsay (FR)); Dulinski, W.; Turchetta, R.; Schaeffer, M. (CRN, Strasbourg (FR)); Battaglia, M. (INFN, Milan (IT)); Hietanen, I.; Tuuva, T. (Helsinki Univ. (Finland))

1990-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Immersible solar water heater  

SciTech Connect

The invention consists in an immersible solar heat collecting means capable of being laid at the bottom of a pool where it can be walked upon. The substantially laminar portions of the collector each includes a surface of higher light absorbence than the other side thereof so that by folding or otherwise overlapping and rearranging the various portions a different number of higher light absorbence surfaces can be presented to the sun to heat the water at any particular time. Such an apparatus makes possible the controlled solar heating of a pool.

Caroon, R.S.

1980-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

343

2013 Federal Energy and Water Management Award Winner David Morin  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

David Morin, PE U.S. Air Force Laughlin Air Force Base, Texas As energy manager of Laughlin Air Force Base, David Morin led the base's energy program to achieve FY 2012 energy and water intensity reductions of 29 and 24 percent over the prior year and save $1.8 million in utility costs. Mr. Morin focused on three key areas: projects, maintenance, and individual conservation. In FY 2012 he implemented $1.3 million in projects, including a photovoltaic re-roofing project; lighting and plumbing fixture upgrades; base-wide leak detection and repair; and conversion of a domestic water fed pond into a bio-swale. Using new advanced metering, Mr. Morin worked with facility managers to identify and address anomaly power use and reduce base power outages by 29 percent. Mr. Morin also initiated

344

Air-Side and Plant-Side Resistances Influence the Uptake of Airborne PCBs by Evergreen Plants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The transfer of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) from air to vegetation is an important air-surface exchange process that affects global cycling and can result in human and wildlife exposure via the terrestrial food chain. ... One hypothesis is that wind speed may be an important variable between sites (17, 21), because the rate of supply from the bulk air and diffusion through the thinner atmospheric boundary layer would be more rapid at windier locations, for example (8, 17). ... This study supports the earlier work by McLachlan and co-workers (4) by showing that air-side resistance limits the uptake of gas-phase POPs under still-air conditions, although our results show that plant-side resistance can also be important under natural (windy) conditions. ...

Jonathan L. Barber; Gareth O. Thomas; Gerhard Kerstiens; Kevin C. Jones

2002-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

345

Fermilab Cultural Events in Chicago's Far West Side  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

global scape, rapid retreat of mountain glaciers is not only contributing to global sea level rise, but threatening fresh water supplies in many of the world's most populous...

346

Deploying Server-side File System Monitoring at NERSC  

SciTech Connect

The Franklin Cray XT4 at the NERSC center was equipped with the server-side I/O monitoring infrastructure Cerebro/LMT, which is described here in detail. Insights gained from the data produced include a better understanding of instantaneous data rates during file system testing, file system behavior during regular production time, and long-term average behaviors. Information and insights gleaned from this monitoring support efforts to proactively manage the I/O infrastructure on Franklin. A simple model for I/O transactions is introduced and compared with the 250 million observations sent to the LMT database from August 2008 to February 2009.

Uselton, Andrew

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Organizing for demand-side management program implementation  

SciTech Connect

Organizing for the implementation of a demand-side management (DSM) program, is an exercise in planning and acquiring resources. However, the requirements for energy efficiency program implementation will vary and are dependent upon the type of mechanism employed in delivering the program. For example, commercial energy efficiency programs generally have three delivery mechanisms: rebate; direct installation; or DSM. For residential programs there are two unique methods, one a catalog program, which provides a source of purchasing energy efficient products, or a point-of-sale program, where rebates, in the form of coupons can be redeemed at the time of product purchase.

Obeiter, R.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Solar heating and hot water system installed at St. Louis, Missouri. Final report  

SciTech Connect

Information is provided on the solar heating and hot water system installed at the William Tao and Associates, Inc., office building in St. Louis, Missouri. The information consists of description, photos, maintenance and construction problems, final drawing, system requirements and manufacturer's component data. The solar system was designed to provide 50% of the hot water requirements and 45% of the space heating needs for a 900 square foot office space and drafting room. The solar facility has 252 square foot of glass tube concentrator collectors and a 1000 gallon steel storage tank buried below a concrete slab floor. Freeze protection is provided by a propylene glycol/water mixture in the collector loop. The collectors are roof mounted on a variable tilt array which is adjusted seasonally and is connected to the solar thermal storage tank by a tube-in-shell heat exchanger. Incoming city water is preheated through the solar energy thermal storage tank.

Not Available

1980-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Water Electrolysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this chapter, water electrolysis technology and its applications for nuclear hydrogen ... of the chapter, a general classification of water electrolysis systems is given, the fundamentals of water electrolysis

Greg F. Naterer; Ibrahim Dincer…

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Water Intoxication  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2008, May 14). Too much water raises seizure risk in babies.id=4844 9. Schoenly, Lorry. “Water Intoxication and Inmates:article/246650- overview>. 13. Water intoxication alert. (

Lingampalli, Nithya

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Measurement of Bd mixing using opposite-side flavor tagging  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report on a measurement of the Bd0 mixing frequency and the calibration of an opposite-side flavor tagger in the D0 experiment. Various properties associated with the b quark on the opposite side of the reconstructed B meson are combined using a likelihood-ratio method into a single variable with enhanced tagging power. Its performance is tested with data, using a large sample of reconstructed semileptonic B??D0X and B??D*X decays, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of approximately 1??fb-1. The events are divided into groups depending on the value of the combined tagging variable, and an independent analysis is performed in each group. Combining the results of these analyses, the overall effective tagging power is found to be ?D2=(2.48±0.21-0.06+0.08)%. The measured Bd0 mixing frequency ?md=0.506±0.020(stat)±0.016(syst)??ps-1 is in good agreement with the world average value.

V. M. Abazov et al. (D0 Collaboration)

2006-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

352

Method for detecting organic contaminants in water supplies  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system for detecting organic contaminants in water supplies. A sampling unit is employed which includes a housing having at least one opening therein and a tubular member positioned within the housing having a central passageway surrounded by a side wall. The side wall is made of a composition designed to absorb the contaminants. In use, the sampling unit is immersed in a water supply. The water supply contacts the tubular member through the opening in the housing, with any contaminants being absorbed into the side wall of the tubular member. A carrier gas is then passed through the central passageway of the tubular member. The contaminants will diffuse out of the side wall and into the central passageway where they will subsequently combine with the carrier gas, thereby yielding a gaseous product. The gaseous product is then analyzed to determine the amount and type of contaminants therein.

Dooley, Kirk J. (Shelley, ID); Barrie, Scott L. (Idaho Falls, ID); Buttner, William J. (White Bear Lake, MN)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

The power of efficiency: Optimizing environmental and social benefits through demand-side-management  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Substantial social and environmental benefits can be achieved through regional DSM (demand-side management) strategies. Here, three DSM scenarios that vary in capital investment costs of technology retrofits were tested for the contemporary Northeastern US. These resulted in an 8.3–16.5% decrease in summertime regional electricity consumption. The lower power consumption achieved through DSM was analyzed under an additional five SPR (strategic power reduction) scenarios to explore how the reduced electricity demand could be optimized through different modalities of thermoelectric power production that lower human health risks, thermal water pollution, carbon emissions or system costs (operation and maintenance) of power plants. SPR scenarios show potential to lower health risks to nearly two million people with corresponding avoided external costs of $11 billion per year, lower carbon emissions (31%, maximum) and thermal water pollution (37%, maximum). By internalizing external costs, some unfavorable investments (NPV (net present value)  0). Results show that integrating tradeoffs of DSM beyond the building scale unveil considerable social and environmental benefits that are ignored in typical financial valuations. This, in turn, can provide more holistic assessments and identify actionable policy alternatives of value to energy and environmental planners that aim to achieve sustainable development.

Ariel Miara; Craig Tarr; Rachel Spellman; Charles J. Vörösmarty; Jordan E. Macknick

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

E-Print Network 3.0 - atlas cavern side Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

cavern side Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: atlas cavern side Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Radiation in the USA15 cavern in ATLAS...

355

Demand-Side Management in The U.S.: Do We Have All the Answers?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The concept of demand-side management (DSM) has been used in the ... changes to electricity use patterns on the customer side of the meter, and to adjust their ... framework emerged to explicitly incorporate the ...

Veronika A. Rabl

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

The use of systematic reviews to analyse demand-side management policy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Demand-side management (DSM) seeks to reduce overall energy ... change when energy is used to reduce peak demands and smooth the load curve. DSM is ... and carbon emissions reduction. However, the policy side of ...

Peter Warren

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Marginal Cost Pricing: An Efficient Tool to Ensure Electricity Demand Side Management  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The constant adaptation between electricity supply and demand can be achieved in two ways : On the supply side, through the construction of additional facilities, and on the demand side, by implementing tariffs, ...

B. Lescoeur; J. B. Galland; E. Husson

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

proteinsSTRUCTURE O FUNCTION O BIOINFORMATICS An energy-based conformer library for side  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The side chain library is essential to transform what is a continuum search space into a discretizedproteinsSTRUCTURE O FUNCTION O BIOINFORMATICS An energy-based conformer library for side chain key elements (Fig. 1): (1) a backbone that provides a structural tem- plate; (2) a side chain library

Senes, Alessandro

359

CSEM WP 165R Demand-Side Management and Energy Efficiency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CSEM WP 165R Demand-Side Management and Energy Efficiency Revisited Maximilian Auffhammer, Carl, California 94720-5180 www.ucei.org #12;Demand-Side Management and Energy Efficiency Revisited Maximilian associated with energy efficiency demand side management (DSM) programs. This claim is based on point

Auffhammer, Maximilian

360

Simple models of district heating systems for load and demand side management  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Simple models of district heating systems for load and demand side management and operational heating systems for load and demand side management and operational optimisation Simple modeller and demand side management and operational optimisation © 2004 by the authors, Department of Mechanical

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "roofs siding water" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Division of IT Convergence Engineering Optimal Demand-Side Energy Management Under  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Division of IT Convergence Engineering Optimal Demand-Side Energy Management Under Real-time Demand and wastage through better demand-side management and control is considered a key solution ingredient of appliance specific adapters. Designed and implemented GHS Modeled the demand-side energy management

Boutaba, Raouf

362

MC-Checker: Detecting Memory Consistency Errors in MPI One-Sided Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

bugs in MPI one-sided applications, with low overhead, ranging from 24.6% to 71.1%, with an average Terms -- Design, Performance, Reliability Keywords -- Bug Detection, MPI, One-Sided Communication I- world application, where the one-sided MPI_Get operation (line 2) is nonblocking. As a result, the data

Balaji, Pavan

363

Grid Friendly Appliances – Load-side Solution for Congestion Management  

SciTech Connect

This paper discusses the effectiveness of deploying grid-friendly{trademark} appliances (GFAs) as a load-side solution for congestion management in a competitive electricity market, with the residential house ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) load used as an example. A GFA is an appliance that can have a sensor and a controller installed to detect price, voltage, or frequency signals and turn on/off according to certain control logic. By using the congestion price as a signal to shift GFA power consumption from high-price periods to low-price periods to reduce load in load pocket areas, transmission line congestion can be successfully mitigated. The magnitude of GFA load reduction and the location of the GFA resources are critical to relieve congestion on targeted lines while not causing other lines to congest. Simulation results are presented and the impact of implementing price-responsive GFAs on the power grid is also studied.

Lu, Ning; Nguyen, Tony B.

2006-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

364

Send-side matching of data communications messages  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Send-side matching of data communications messages includes a plurality of compute nodes organized for collective operations, including: issuing by a receiving node to source nodes a receive message that specifies receipt of a single message to be sent from any source node, the receive message including message matching information, a specification of a hardware-level mutual exclusion device, and an identification of a receive buffer; matching by two or more of the source nodes the receive message with pending send messages in the two or more source nodes; operating by one of the source nodes having a matching send message the mutual exclusion device, excluding messages from other source nodes with matching send messages and identifying to the receiving node the source node operating the mutual exclusion device; and sending to the receiving node from the source node operating the mutual exclusion device a matched pending message.

Archer, Charles J.; Blocksome, Michael A.; Ratterman, Joseph D.; Smith, Brian E.

2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

COP 18 Side Event Biography | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Event Biography Event Biography Jump to: navigation, search LEDSGP Logo.png Advancing climate-resilient low emission development around the world Home About Tools Expert Assistance Events Publications Join Us COP18 Side Event Announcement Agenda Speakers Speakers Ron Benioff serves as Manager of Multilateral Programs for the U.S. National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). In this capacity he manages NREL's work on clean energy and environmental and climate initiatives with international agencies and countries in all regions of the world. This includes serving as director of the LEDS Global Partnership Secretariat and of the Green Growth Best Practices Initiative and providing senior management leadership of the Clean Energy Solutions Center, a Clean Energy Ministerial initiative.

366

Water injected fuel cell system compressor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A fuel cell system including a dry compressor for pressurizing air supplied to the cathode side of the fuel cell. An injector sprays a controlled amount of water on to the compressor's rotor(s) to improve the energy efficiency of the compressor. The amount of water sprayed out the rotor(s) is controlled relative to the mass flow rate of air inputted to the compressor.

Siepierski, James S. (Williamsville, NY); Moore, Barbara S. (Victor, NY); Hoch, Martin Monroe (Webster, NY)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Marketing water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

management, water conservation programs Story by Kathy Wythe tx H2O | pg. 17 public information programs and materials that increase awareness about regional water issues. The company recently opened the TecH2O, a water resource learning center...tx H2O | pg. 16 W ith rapid population growth and the memory of the worst drought in 50 years, cities and groups are promoting programs that educate their constituents about water quality, water conservation, and landscape management. Many...

Wythe, Kathy

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Capabilities of Ultrasonic Techniques for the Far-Side Examination of Austenitic Stainless Steel Piping Welds.  

SciTech Connect

A study was conducted to assess the ability of advanced ultrasonic techniques to detect and accurately determine the size of flaws from the far-side of wrought austenitic piping welds. Far-side inspections of nuclear system piping welds are currently performed on a “best effort” basis and do not conform to ASME Code Section XI Appendix VIII performance demonstration requirements. For this study, four circumferential welds in 610mm diameter, 36mm thick ASTM A-358, Grade 304 vintage austenitic stainless steel pipe were examined. The welds were fabricated with varied welding parameters; both horizontal and vertical pipe orientations were used, with air and water backing, to simulate field welding conditions. A series of saw cuts, electro-discharge machined (EDM) notches, and implanted fatigue cracks were placed into the heat affected zones of the welds. The saw cuts and notches ranged in depth from 7.5% to 28.4% through-wall. The implanted cracks ranged in depth from 5% through-wall to 64% through-wall. The welds were examined with phased array technology at 2.0 MHz, and with low-frequency/Synthetic Aperture Focusing Technique (SAFT) methods in the 250-400 kHz regime. These results were compared to conventional ultrasonic techniques as a baseline. The examinations showed that both phased-array and low-frequency/SAFT were able to detect and accurately length-size, but not depth size, the notches and flaws through the welds. The ultrasonic results were insensitive to the different welding techniques used in each weld.

Anderson, Michael T.; Diaz, Aaron A.; Cumblidge, Stephen E.; Doctor, Steven R.

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Brominated Sorbents for Small Cold-Side ESPs, Hot-Side ESPs and Fly Ash Use in Concrete  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the work conducted from September 16, 2005 through December 31, 2008 on the project entitled �Brominated Sorbents for Small Cold-Side ESPs, Hot-Side ESPs and Fly Ash Use in Concrete�. The project covers testing at three host sites: Progress Energy H.F. Lee Station and the Midwest Generation Crawford and Will County Stations. At Progress Energy Lee 1, parametric tests were performed both with and without SO{sub 3} injection in order to determine the impact on the mercury sorbent performance. In addition, tests were performed on the hot-side of the air preheater, before the SO{sub 3} is injected, with H-PAC� sorbents designed for use at elevated temperatures. The BPAC� injection provided the expected mercury removal when the SO{sub 3} injection was off. A mercury removal rate due to sorbent of more than 80% was achieved at an injection rate of 8 lb/MMacf. The operation with SO{sub 3} injection greatly reduced the mercury sorbent performance. An important learning came from the injection of H-PAC� on the hot-side of the air preheater before the SO{sub 3} injection location. The H-PAC� injected in this manner appeared to be independent of the SO{sub 3} injection and provided better mercury removal than with injecting on the cold-side with SO{sub 3} injection. Consequently, one solution for plants like Lee, with SO{sub 3} injection, or plants with SO{sub 3} generated by the SCR catalyst, is to inject H-PAC� on the hot-side before the SO{sub 3} is in the flue gas. Even better performance is possible by injecting on the cold-side without the SO{sub 3}, however. During the parametric testing, it was discovered that the injection of B-PAC� (or H-PAC�) was having a positive impact upon ESP performance. It was decided to perform a 3-day continuous injection run with B-PAC� in order to determine whether Lee 1 could operate without SO{sub 3} injection. If the test proved positive, the continuous injection would continue as part of the long-term test. The injection of B-PAC� did allow for the operation of Lee 1 without SO{sub 3} injection and the long-term test was conducted from March 8 through April 7, 2006. The total mercury removal for the 30-day long-term test, excluding the first day when SO{sub 3} was injected and the last day when a plain PAC was used, averaged 85%. The achievement of 85% Hg removal over the 30 days longterm test is another milestone in the history of achievement of the Albemarle Environmental f/k/a Sorbent Technologies Corporation B-PAC� sorbent. A clear indication of the impact of B-PAC� on opacity came at the end of the long-term test. It was hoped that Lee 1 could be operated for several days after the end of the long-term test. It took less than a day before the opacity began to increase. The discovery that B-PAC� can improve ESP performance while capturing a large amount of mercury is another milestone for the B-PAC� mercury sorbent. The parametric testing at the Midwest Generation Crawford Station was divided into two phases; the first using C-PAC�, the concrete friendly sorbent, and the other using nonconcrete friendly materials. The first phase of the parametric tests was conducted before the long-term test. The second phase of the parametric testing was performed after the long-term test in order to avoid contaminating the fly ash containing the concrete friendly sorbents. The parametric test began with an injection rate of 1 lb/MMacf and, after a period to allow the mercury concentration to stabilize, the rate was increased to 3 lb/MMacf. The Hg removal for this test was about 60% due to sorbent and 69% total at the injection rate of 1 lb/MMacf and 80% due to sorbent and 84% total for the 3 lb/MMacf injection rate. The average total vapor phase mercury removal for the first 21 days of the long-term test was 82% at an injection rate o

Ronald Landreth

2008-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

370

Water supply and demand in an energy supply model  

SciTech Connect

This report describes a tool for water and energy-related policy analysis, the development of a water supply and demand sector in a linear programming model of energy supply in the United States. The model allows adjustments in the input mix and plant siting in response to water scarcity. Thus, on the demand side energy conversion facilities can substitute more costly dry cooling systems for conventional evaporative systems. On the supply side groundwater and water purchased from irrigators are available as more costly alternatives to unappropriated surface water. Water supply data is developed for 30 regions in 10 Western states. Preliminary results for a 1990 energy demand scenario suggest that, at this level of spatial analysis, water availability plays a minor role in plant siting. Future policy applications of the modeling system are discussed including the evaluation of alternative patterns of synthetic fuels development.

Abbey, D; Loose, V

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Preliminary Study of a Vented Attic Radiant Barrier System in Hot, Humid Climates Using Side-by-Side, Full-Scale Test Houses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A series of side-by-side tests was performed using two full scale test houses to determine the effectiveness of a Vented Radiant Barrier System (VRBS) in reducing the ceiling heat flux during the summer cooling season in North Florida. Another...

Lear, W. E.; Barrup, T. E.; Davis, K. E.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Evaluation of Side Stream Filtration Technology at Oak Ridge National Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

This technology evaluation was performed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and Oak Ridge National Laboratory on behalf of the Federal Energy Management Program. The objective was to quantify the benefits side stream filtration provides to a cooling tower system. The evaluation assessed the performance of an existing side stream filtration system at a cooling tower system at Oak Ridge National Laboratory’s Spallation Neutron Source research facility. This location was selected because it offered the opportunity for a side-by-side comparison of a system featuring side stream filtration and an unfiltered system.

Boyd, Brian K.

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Demand side management in smart grid: A review and proposals for future direction  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper mainly focuses on demand side management and demand response, including drivers and benefits, shiftable load scheduling methods and peak shaving techniques. Demand side management techniques found in literature are overviewed and a novel electricity demand control technique using real-time pricing is proposed. Currently users have no means to change their power consumption to benefit the whole system. The proposed method consists of modern system identification and control that would enable user side load control. This would potentially balance demand side with supply side more effectively and would also reduce peak demand and make the whole system more efficient.

Linas Gelazanskas; Kelum A.A. Gamage

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Pasadena Water and Power - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program Pasadena Water and Power - Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Appliances & Electronics Home Weatherization Sealing Your Home Design & Remodeling Windows, Doors, & Skylights Heat Pumps Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate Ceiling Fan: Limit two Room A/C: Limit two Attic/Roof Fan: Limit two Shade Screens: Installation must be made to windows on south, west or east walls; screens must reflect 70% of the sun's heat and glare Skylights/Light Tubes: Limit one Program Info State California Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Incentive amounts increase with purchase from Pasadena retailers and with

375

Burbank Water and Power - Energy Solutions Business Rebate Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Solutions Business Rebate Program Energy Solutions Business Rebate Program Burbank Water and Power - Energy Solutions Business Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Nonprofit Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Other Heat Pumps Heating Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Manufacturing Home Weatherization Insulation Design & Remodeling Maximum Rebate Each incentive will may not exceed 25% of the installed cost of a measure. The annual customer rebate total may not exceed $100,000. Program Info State California Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Central Air Conditioning: $150 - $500 per ton Heat Pump Retrofits: $175 - $525 per ton Motor Replacements: $35 - $1,260 Thermal Energy Storage: $800 per KW saved Lighting/Chiller Retrofits/Cool Roofing: $0.05 per first year kWh savings

376

Solar Water Heating: What's Hot and What's Not  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A handful of electric utilities in the United States now pay incentives to their customers to install solar water heaters or are developing programs to do so. The solar water heater incentives are part of a broader utility demand-side management...

Stein, J.

377

VEE-0081 - In the Matter of North Side Coal & Oil Co., Inc. | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1 - In the Matter of North Side Coal & Oil Co., Inc. 1 - In the Matter of North Side Coal & Oil Co., Inc. VEE-0081 - In the Matter of North Side Coal & Oil Co., Inc. On February 25, 2002, North Side Coal & Oil Co., Inc. (North Side) of Milwaukee, Wisconsin filed an Application for Exception with the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) of the Department of Energy (DOE). In its application, North Side requests that it be excused from filing the Energy Information Administration's (EIA) form entitled "Resellers'/ Retailers' Monthly Petroleum Product Sales Report" (Form EIA-782B). As explained below, we conclude that it is appropriate to excuse North Side from filing the Form EIA-782B from September 2002 until March 2003 because the firm is a "noncertainty firm" and has demonstrated that it will

378

Method of controlling the side wall thickness of a turbine nozzle segment for improved cooling  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A gas turbine nozzle segment has outer and inner bands and a vane extending therebetween. Each band has a side wall, a cover and an impingement plate between the cover and nozzle wall defining two cavities on opposite sides of the impingement plate. Cooling steam is supplied to one cavity for flow through apertures of the impingement plate to cool the nozzle wall. The side wall of the band has an inturned flange defining with the nozzle wall an undercut region. The outer surface of the side wall is provided with a step prior to welding the cover to the side wall. A thermal barrier coating is applied in the step and, after the cover is welded to the side wall, the side wall is finally machined to a controlled thickness removing all, some or none of the coating.

Burdgick, Steven Sebastian (Schenectady, NY)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

The Dark Side of Mobile Phones August 3, 2010  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

being much more tranquil" (Italian university student) History is replete with examples of new products is convenient, but often makes for a poor nutritional choice. Deep-water rigs increase the world's access to oil phones range widely in price and functionality. Besides texting and voice capabilities, most phones offer

Carlini, David

380

Harsh medicine. [retail wheeling experiment in Michigan and side effects  

SciTech Connect

Retailing wheeling's harmful side-effects may surface in a Michigan experiment. In the final analysis, the debate over retail wheeling is about whether there will be direct price competition in the electric power industry. Retail wheeling would extend to the electric power market the same freedom of choice among customers that is present elsewhere in the economy. It would provide a mechanism through which competition could enforce an efficient allocation of resources. It also undoubtedly would eliminate most of the huge discrepancies that exist between so many neighboring service areas. It is unlikely that permitting retail wheeling would actually result in much wheeling or loss of load. Utilities will no doubt meet the threat of the loss of load by cutting rates to hold their customers. Hence, the primary effect would be on the pricing of electricity, not the wheeling of power. The retail wheeling experiment under consideration in Michigan can become an important step toward making the utility industry more efficient for the nation and more equitable for ratepayers. Unfortunately, it also is potentially unfair to the utilities involved. A retail wheeling experiment in one state is likely to put those utilities at risk for competitive attack, but is unlikely to give those utilities the countervailing power to use retail wheeling elsewhere to market their power. Fairness and economic efficiency require that retail wheeling exist everywhere, and that is is accessible to utilities as well as non-utilities.

Studness, C.M.

1993-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "roofs siding water" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Smart charging and appliance scheduling approaches to demand side management  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Various forms of demand side management (DSM) programs are being deployed by utility companies for load flattening amongst the residential power users. These programs are tailored to offer monetary incentives to electricity customers so that they voluntarily consume electricity in an efficient way. Thus, DSM presents households with numerous opportunities to lower their electricity bills. However, systems that combine the various DSM strategies with a view to maximizing energy management benefits have not received sufficient attention. This study therefore proposes an intelligent energy management framework that can be used to implement both energy storage and appliance scheduling schemes. By adopting appliance scheduling, customers can realize cost savings by appropriately scheduling their power consumption during the low peak hours. More savings could further be achieved through smart electricity storage. Power storage allows electricity consumers to purchase power during off-peak hours when electricity prices are low and satisfy their demands when prices are high by discharging the batteries. For optimal cost savings, the customers must constantly monitor the price fluctuations in order to determine when to switch between the utility grid and the electricity storage devices. However, with a high penetration of consumer owned storage devices, the charging of the batteries must be properly coordinated and appropriately scheduled to avoid creating new peaks. This paper therefore proposes an autonomous smart charging framework that ensures both the stability of the power grid and customer savings.

Christopher O. Adika; Lingfeng Wang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

A Hierarchical Framework for Demand-Side Frequency Control  

SciTech Connect

With large-scale plans to integrate renewable generation, more resources will be needed to compensate for the uncertainty associated with intermittent generation resources. Under such conditions, performing frequency control using only supply-side resources become not only prohibitively expensive but also technically difficult. It is therefore important to explore how a sufficient proportion of the loads could assume a routine role in frequency control to maintain the stability of the system at an acceptable cost. In this paper, a novel hierarchical decentralized framework for frequency based load control is proposed. The framework involves two decision layers. The top decision layer determines the optimal droop gain required from the aggregated load response on each bus using a robust decentralized control approach. The second layer consists of a large number of devices, which switch probabilistically during contingencies so that the aggregated power change matches the desired droop amount according to the updated gains. The proposed framework is based on the classical nonlinear multi-machine power system model, and can deal with timevarying system operating conditions while respecting the physical constraints of individual devices. Realistic simulation results based on a 68-bus system are provided to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed strategy.

Moya, Christian; Zhang, Wei; Lian, Jianming; Kalsi, Karanjit

2014-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

383

Vapor-side corrosion in thermal desalination plants  

SciTech Connect

This article reports the results of vapor-size corrosion monitoring studies carried out in multistage flash (MSF) desal unit No. 100 of Al-Khafji power and Desalination Plant in Saudi Arabia. Corrosion behavior of 70/30 Cu-Ni alloy, carbon steel (CS), and type 316L stainless steel (SS) was studied in vents and in the vapor size of distillers for 2,000, 4,000, and 9,000 h. Analyses of the experimental data indicated that in addition to O{sub 2}, S-containing compounds evolved during flashing of seawater reacted more with Cu-Ni alloy than with CS and type 316L SS. Explanations for comparatively higher corrosion of alloys exposed to the vapors of the first three (1 to 3) and middle (11 to 13) stages of the MSF plant are given with experimental results. Type 316L SS was found to be the alloy most resistant to vapor-side corrosion in all stages of distillers.

Asrar, N.; Malik, A.U.; Ahmed, S. [Saline Water Conversion Corp. (Saudi Arabia); Al-Khalidi, M.; Al-Moaili, K. [Al-Khafji Desalination Plant (Saudi Arabia)

1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Development of plastic front side panels for green cars  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Lightweight design with thermoplastics is a robust approach in order to reduce the CO2 emission and fuel consumption. This paper reviews the role of plastics in the green concept of automobile and develops the design process for replacing steel front side panels, so called steel car fender, with plastic ones. Conceptual design, material selection, and design strategy in terms of strength, moldability, and assembility were proposed. Injection molding optimization was carried out in order to ensure the quality of the plastic fender under a certain manufacturing conditions such as the applied molding machine and auxiliary equipment. Prototype manufacturing was also implemented to verify the manufacturability and the feasibility of the development process of a plastic car fender. The weight of the plastic car fender is 1.15 kg, reducing 41% compared to the steel fender. Although the production cost of the plastic fender is just slightly cheaper than that of steel one due to the high cost of the special plastic, the benefits such as lightweight, recyclability, manufacturability and design flexibility are the potential and practical application of the thermoplastic to the green automotive industry for making exterior parts.

H.S. Park; X.P. Dang; A. Roderburg; B. Nau

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Water displacement mercury pump  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A water displacement mercury pump has a fluid inlet conduit and diffuser, a valve, a pressure cannister, and a fluid outlet conduit. The valve has a valve head which seats in an opening in the cannister. The entire assembly is readily insertable into a process vessel which produces mercury as a product. As the mercury settles, it flows into the opening in the cannister displacing lighter material. When the valve is in a closed position, the pressure cannister is sealed except for the fluid inlet conduit and the fluid outlet conduit. Introduction of a lighter fluid into the cannister will act to displace a heavier fluid from the cannister via the fluid outlet conduit. The entire pump assembly penetrates only a top wall of the process vessel, and not the sides or the bottom wall of the process vessel. This insures a leak-proof environment and is especially suitable for processing of hazardous materials.

Nielsen, Marshall G. (Woodside, CA)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

2009 Federal Energy and Water Management Award Winners | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

ceramic bead roof coating; installing fixed-set point light set-back thermostats; upgrading energy management controls; repairing natural gas leaks; and establishing a new...

387

Temporary Waters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Temporary waters are lakes, ponds, streams, seeps, microhabitats, and other areas that hold water periodically and then dry. They occur across the globe, at all latitudes, and in all biomes, wherever water can collect long enough for aquatic life to develop. These waters are numerous, mostly small, and easily studied. Their biological communities are diverse, have much among-site variation, often include endemic species, and differ from those in permanent waters, contributing to regional biodiversity. Organisms survive through species-specific behavioral, physiological, and life-history adaptations. Community composition and structure change in response to environmental variations. Temporary waters are highly productive and their food webs are relatively simple. For all of these reasons, temporary waters lend themselves to surveys and experimental manipulations designed to test hypotheses about biological adaptation, population regulation, evolutionary processes, community composition and structure, and ecosystem functioning. In many parts of the world, most temporary waters have been lost. The conservation and restoration of vulnerable temporary waters is a major thrust of applied ecology. Also important are applications of ecological understanding to the control of disease vectors, especially pathogen-transmitting mosquitoes, from temporary water habitats. This article describes temporary waters, examines their biota and adaptations, and summarizes key questions about their ecology.

E.A. Colburn

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Water Bugs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bugs Bugs Nature Bulletin No. 221-A March 12, 1966 Forest Preserve District of Cook County Seymour Simon, President Roland F. Eisenbeis, Supt. of Conservation WATER BUGS It is fascinating to lie in a boat or on a log at the edge of the water and watch the drama that unfolds among the small water animals. Among the star performers in small streams and ponds are the Water Bugs. These are aquatic members of that large group of insects called the "true bugs", most of which live on land. Moreover, unlike many other types of water insects, they do not have gills but get their oxygen directly from the air. Those that do go beneath the surface usually carry an oxygen supply with them in the form of a shiny glistening sheath of air imprisoned among a covering of fine waterproof hairs. The common water insect known to small boys at the "Whirligig Bug" is not a water bug but a beetle.

389

Modeling of Demand Side Management Options for Commercial Sector in Maharashtra  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract There has been an unbalance between demand and supply of electricity in Maharashtra, a shortage of 20% peak power was reported in year 2011-12. Demand side management (DSM) in the commercial sector (consuming about 12% of the state electricity) can help to bridge this gap. In this paper three DSM options namely global temperature adjustment (GTA), chilled water storage (CWS) and variable air volume system (VAVS) are evaluated to give potential energy savings and load shifting. Simulation of GTA model for a sample school building gave 21.3% saving in compressor work for a change of room settings from 23oC, 50% RH to 26oC, 40% RH. Model for CWS was simulated for an office building in Mumbai; the results showed a cooling load shifting of 1638TRh out of 2075TRh was possible with an optimum tank size of 450kl. Simulation of VAVS for a sample school building showed fan energy savings of 68% over CAVS.

Vishal Vadabhat; Rangan Banerjee

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Carderock Circulating Water Channel | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Circulating Water Channel Circulating Water Channel Jump to: navigation, search Basic Specifications Facility Name Carderock Circulating Water Channel Overseeing Organization United States Naval Surface Warfare Center Hydrodynamic Testing Facility Type Channel Length(m) 18.3 Beam(m) 6.7 Depth(m) 2.7 Water Type Freshwater Cost(per day) Contact POC Special Physical Features The Circulating Water Channel is a vertical plane, open to the atmosphere test section with a free surface in a closed recirculating water circuit, variable speed, rectangular cross-sectional shape facility. There are 10 large viewing windows on either side of the test section at different elevations and 9 in the bottom; movable bridge spans the test section for ease and versatility in mounting models, rigging bridge is capable of taking towing loads at any one of numerous points up to 35,584 N

391

UNL WATER CENTER WATER CURRENT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

INSIDE UNL WATER CENTER WATER CURRENT PROTECTING NEBRASKAĂ­S WATER RESOURCES THROUGH RESEARCH with a vision, thereĂ­s an untapped market using resources right under our feet,Ă® the University of Nebraska outdoors in India, Bangladesh, China and Viet- nam. Thousands of them have been grown to harvest

Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

392

Event:CDKN/MAPS side event: developing countries collaborating for climate  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CDKN/MAPS side event: developing countries collaborating for climate CDKN/MAPS side event: developing countries collaborating for climate compatible development Jump to: navigation, search Calendar.png CDKN/MAPS side event: developing countries collaborating for climate compatible development: 20:15-21:45 on 2011/12/08 CDKN/MAPS side event: developing countries collaborating for climate compatible development Event Details Name CDKN/MAPS side event: developing countries collaborating for climate compatible development Date 2011/12/08 Time 20:15-21:45 Location Levubu River room, Durban Exhibition Centre Organizer Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN) Tags Climate Knowledge Broker Ret LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. rieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Event:CDKN/MAPS_side_event:_developing_countries_collaborating_for_climate_compatible_development&oldid=391878

393

TEE-0067 - In the Matter of North Side Coal & Oil Co., Inc. | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7 - In the Matter of North Side Coal & Oil Co., Inc. 7 - In the Matter of North Side Coal & Oil Co., Inc. TEE-0067 - In the Matter of North Side Coal & Oil Co., Inc. On December 2, 2009, North Side Coal & Oil Co., Inc. (North Side) filed an Application for Exception with the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) of the Department of Energy (DOE). The firm requests that it be permanently relieved of the requirement to prepare and file the Energy Information Administration (EIA) Form EIA-782B, entitled "Resellers'/Retailers' Monthly Petroleum Product Sales Report." As explained below, we have determined that the request should be denied. tee0067.pdf More Documents & Publications VEE-0081 - In the Matter of North Side Coal & Oil Co., Inc. TEE-0071 - In the Matter of Monroe Oil Company

394

Apparatus for impingement cooling a side wall adjacent an undercut region of a turbine nozzle segment  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A gas turbine nozzle segment has outer and inner bands and vanes therebetween. Each band includes a side wall, a cover and an impingement plate between the cover and nozzle wall defining two cavities on opposite sides of the impingement plate. Cooling steam is supplied to one cavity for flow through apertures of the impingement plate to cool the nozzle wall. The side wall of the band and inturned flange define with the nozzle wall an undercut region. Slots are formed through the inturned flange along the nozzle side wall. A plate having through-apertures extending between opposite edges thereof is disposed in each slot, the slots and plates being angled such that the cooling medium exiting the apertures in the second cavity lie close to the side wall for focusing and targeting cooling medium onto the side wall.

Burdgick, Steven Sebastian (Schenectady, NY)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

water pipeline gallery  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

water pipeline gallery, water pipeline drift; water pipeline tunnel (US) ? Wasserleitungsrohrstollen m

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Ground Water Ground Sky Sky Water Vegetation Ground Vegetation Water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bear Snow Vegetation RhinoWater Vegetation Ground Water Ground Sky Sky Rhino Water Vegetation Ground Vegetation Water Rhino Water Vegetation Ground Rhino Water Rhino Water Ground Ground Vegetation Water Rhino Vegetation Rhino Vegetation Ground Rhino Vegetation Ground Sky Rhino Vegetation Ground Sky

Chen, Tsuhan

397

1 Copyright 2006 by ASME A NUMERICAL ANALYSIS OF GROWING WATER DROPLET INSIDE AN AIR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to generate electrical energy while water is produced as a byproduct. Proton Exchange Membrane fuel cells. According to him the flow through the channels on the cathode side of the fuel cell where water is produced1 Copyright © 2006 by ASME A NUMERICAL ANALYSIS OF GROWING WATER DROPLET INSIDE AN AIR SUPPLY

Kandlikar, Satish

398

Understanding the effect of side groups in ionic liquids on carbon...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the effect of side groups in ionic liquids on carbon-capture properties: a combined experimental and theoretical effort Previous Next List Fangyong Yan, Michael Lartey, Krishnan...

399

Side 1 av 3 AoC1 underskelse hsten 2006 Innledende test  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Side 1 av 3 AoC1 undersøkelse høsten 2006 ­ Innledende test Noter test-person-nr.her: [ _____ ] Du

Natvig, Lasse

400

Side 1 av 3 AoC1 underskelse hsten 2006 Avsluttende test  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Side 1 av 3 AoC1 undersøkelse høsten 2006 ­ Avsluttende test Noter test-person-nr.her: [ _____ ] Du

Natvig, Lasse

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "roofs siding water" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

The Impact on Consumer Behavior of Energy Demand Side Management Programs Measurement Techniques and Methods.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Much effort has gone into measuring the impact of Demand Side Management (DSM) programs on energy usage, particularly in regards to electric usage. However, there… (more)

Pursley, Jeffrey L

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Review of Strategies and Technologies for Demand-Side Management on Isolated Mini-Grids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

demand- side management (DSM) on mini-grids throughout theunderpin the need to employ DSM to reduce load or spreadand technologies for DSM vary. As described above, one

Harper, Meg

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Cost-Effective Side-Coupling Polymer Fiber Optics for Optical Interconnections  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Potentially low-cost optical side-couplers embedded along a polymer optical fiber are demonstrated using etched micromirrors. Both serial and parallel mirror fabrication possibilities...

Li, Yao; Wang, Ting; Fasanella, Kenneth

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Experimenting with the Sweet Side of Chemistry: Connecting Students and Science through Food Chemistry  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Experimenting with the Sweet Side of Chemistry: Connecting Students and Science through Food Chemistry ... Food science is the greenest of all sciences. ...

Sally B. Mitchell

2014-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

405

Welding Hot Cracking of Side Shell of Drilling-Well Oil Storage Ship  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Cracks were found in the weld metal (WM) of weld-section of side shell of drilling-well oil storage ship when performing post weld radiographic...

Zhi-wei Yu; Xiao-lei Xu

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

E-Print Network 3.0 - acid side-chain nmr Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Rutgers University Collection: Chemistry ; Biotechnology 4 The mechanism(s) of protein folding What is meant by mechanism Summary: marker, both for the backbone and the side...

407

E-Print Network 3.0 - azobenzene side groups Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

groups; in case the trans-cis photo... a hydrophobically modified poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) containing a number of azobenzene side groups is asso- ciated... PNIPAM structure...

408

DOE's Roof Savings Calculator (RSC)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Data/Knowledge Data/Knowledge Data/Knowledge Applied R&D Innovative Products Next Generation Commercial · Greenhouse gas remediation ­ primarily carbon sequestration (capture and storage) Examples: iron

Wang, Xiaorui "Ray"

409

Reusing Water  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Reusing Water Reusing Water Reusing Water Millions of gallons of industrial wastewater is recycled at LANL by virtue of a long-term strategy to treat wastewater rather than discharging it into the environment. April 12, 2012 Water from cooling the supercomputer is release to maintain a healthy wetland. Contact Environmental Communication & Public Involvement P.O. Box 1663 MS M996 Los Alamos, NM 87545 (505) 667-0216 Email We reuse the same water up to six times before releasing it back into the environment cleaner than when it was pumped. How many times does LANL reuse water? Wastewater is generated from some of the facilities responsible for the Lab's biggest missions, such as the cooling towers of the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center, one of the Lab's premier science research

410

Coupled Thermal and Water Management in Polymer-Electrolyte Fuel Cells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for porosity and tortuosity fuel-cell inlet conditionson the cathode side of the fuel cell. Water is evaporated indiagram corresponds to the fuel-cell inlet, the bottom to

Weber, Adam Z.; Newman, John

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Quantitative imaging of the air-water flow fields formed by unsteady breaking waves  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An experimental method for simultaneously measuring the velocity fields on the air and water side of unsteady breaking waves is presented. The method is applied to breaking waves to investigate the physics of the air and ...

Belden, Jesse (Jesse Levi)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Water Management  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Water Management This department applies multi-disciplinary science and technology-based modeling to assess complex environmental systems. It integrates ecology, anthropology, and...

413

588 IEEE SYSTEMS JOURNAL, VOL. 8, NO. 2, JUNE 2014 GTES: An Optimized Game-Theoretic Demand-Side  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Nei Kato, Fellow, IEEE, and Ivan Stojmenovic, Fellow, IEEE Abstract--Demand-side management in smart]­[4]. For the successful deployment of the smart grid, demand-side management or demand response [5]­[7] is crucial. Demand-side in the shape of loads of the utility company. While demand-side management aims at producing a change

Stojmenovic, Ivan

414

Use of nanofiltration to reduce cooling tower water usage.  

SciTech Connect

Nanofiltration (NF) can effectively treat cooling-tower water to reduce water consumption and maximize water usage efficiency of thermoelectric power plants. A pilot is being run to verify theoretical calculations. A side stream of water from a 900 gpm cooling tower is being treated by NF with the permeate returning to the cooling tower and the concentrate being discharged. The membrane efficiency is as high as over 50%. Salt rejection ranges from 77-97% with higher rejection for divalent ions. The pilot has demonstrated a reduction of makeup water of almost 20% and a reduction of discharge of over 50%.

Sanchez, Andres L.; Everett, Randy L.; Jensen, Richard Pearson; Cappelle, Malynda A.; Altman, Susan Jeanne

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Adding client-side adaptation to the conceptual design of e-learning web applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, we integrate WebML, a high-level model and technology for building server-side Web applications, with UML-Guide, a UML-based system that generates client-side guides for the adaptation of Web applications. The combination of the two systems ... Keywords: UML, WebML modeling, personalization, web engineering

Stefano Ceri; Peter Dolog; Maristella Matera; Wolfgang Nejdl

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

CERNA WORKING PAPER SERIES Pharmaceutical Regulation and Intellectual Property: the Third Side of the Triangle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

&D-intensive industries, such as pharmaceuticals. The Pharmaceutical Sector Inquiry published by the European Commission3 of the pharmaceutical industry. It thus attempts to close the third side of the triangle formed by the vertices1 CERNA WORKING PAPER SERIES Pharmaceutical Regulation and Intellectual Property: the Third Side

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

417

Rapid Protein Side-Chain Packing via Tree Decomposition Jinbo Xu1,2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is taken into consideration, then our tree-decomposition based energy minimization algorithm is more thanRapid Protein Side-Chain Packing via Tree Decomposition Jinbo Xu1,2 1 School of Computer Science 02139. j3xu@theory.csail.mit.edu Abstract. This paper proposes a novel tree decomposition based side

Xu, Jinbo

418

REAR-SIDE POINT-CONTACTS BY INLINE THERMAL EVAPORATION OF ALUMINUM Christoph Mader  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

REAR-SIDE POINT-CONTACTS BY INLINE THERMAL EVAPORATION OF ALUMINUM Christoph Mader 1 , Jens Müller of point-contacted aluminum rear-sides for silicon solar cells that are metalized by inline thermal evaporation. We deposit aluminum layers of 2 µm thickness at dynamic deposition rates of 1.0, 2.9 and 5.0 µm

419

Low-Interest Loans for Customer-Side Distributed Resources | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Low-Interest Loans for Customer-Side Distributed Resources Low-Interest Loans for Customer-Side Distributed Resources Low-Interest Loans for Customer-Side Distributed Resources < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Residential Schools State Government Savings Category Commercial Heating & Cooling Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Solar Wind Program Info Start Date 7/21/2005 State Connecticut Program Type State Loan Program Rebate Amount Varies Provider Banc of America Long-term financing is available to retail end-use customers for the installation of customer-side distributed resources. Customer-side distributed resources are defined by Conn. Gen. Stat. § 16-1 as "(A) the generation of electricity from a unit with a rating of not more than

420

SIDE, a fiber fed spectrograph for the 10.4 m Gran Telescopio Canarias (GTC)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SIDE (Super Ifu Deployable Experiment) will be a second-generation, common-user instrument for the Grantecan (GTC) on La Palma (Canary Islands, Spain). It is being proposed as a spectrograph of low and intermediate resolution, highly efficient in multi-object spectroscopy and 3D spectroscopy. SIDE features the unique possibility of performing simultaneous visible and NIR observations for selected ranges. The SIDE project is leaded by the Instituto de Astrofisica de Andalucia (IAA-CSIC) in Granada (Spain) and the SIDE Consortium is formed by a total of 10 institutions from Spain, Mexico and USA. The SIDE Feasibility Study has been completed and currently the project is under revision by the GTC Project Office.

Prada, F; Rabaza, O; Sánchez, J; Ubierna, M

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "roofs siding water" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

SIDE, a fiber fed spectrograph for the 10.4 m Gran Telescopio Canarias (GTC)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SIDE (Super Ifu Deployable Experiment) will be a second-generation, common-user instrument for the Grantecan (GTC) on La Palma (Canary Islands, Spain). It is being proposed as a spectrograph of low and intermediate resolution, highly efficient in multi-object spectroscopy and 3D spectroscopy. SIDE features the unique possibility of performing simultaneous visible and NIR observations for selected ranges. The SIDE project is leaded by the Instituto de Astrofisica de Andalucia (IAA-CSIC) in Granada (Spain) and the SIDE Consortium is formed by a total of 10 institutions from Spain, Mexico and USA. The SIDE Feasibility Study has been completed and currently the project is under revision by the GTC Project Office.

F. Prada; M. Azzaro; O. Rabaza; J. Sanchez; M. Ubierna

2008-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

422

Visualization of water on through?plane direction of GDL using X?ray radiography  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this investigation we visualized water distribution and behavior of water on through plane direction of GDL (Gas Diffusion Layer) which is one of components of PEMFC using X?ray radiography. In order to investigate water distribution and behavior at GDL of PEMFC the facilities was set up at the 7B2 beam line in Pohang Accelerator Laboratory. The phenomena of cathode side GDL is more important because the cathode side GDL has more water than the anode side. For this reason the cathode side GDL was targeted and test section (Figure 1) was made to make similar boundary condition with a cathode side GDL of operating PEMFC. GDL faced two single channels. One is air channel as cathode gas channel of PEMFC and the other is liquid channel as cathode catalyst layer. Water is produced in cathode catalyst layer and almost of this water transport through cathode GDL. Because of this liquid channel was adopted as catalyst layer. Images of water distribution were recorded per 4 second under various liquid pressure conditions. Water content was calculated from these images using mathematic process.

Jongrok Kim; TaeJoo Kim; Junho Je; Massoud Kaviany; Sang Young Son; MooHwan Kim

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Visualization of water on through-plane direction of GDL using X-ray radiography  

SciTech Connect

In this investigation, we visualized water distribution and behavior of water on through plane direction of GDL (Gas Diffusion Layer), which is one of components of PEMFC, using X-ray radiography. In order to investigate water distribution and behavior at GDL of PEMFC, the facilities was set up at the 7B2 beam line in Pohang Accelerator Laboratory. The phenomena of cathode side GDL is more important because the cathode side GDL has more water than the anode side. For this reason, the cathode side GDL was targeted and test section (Figure 1) was made to make similar boundary condition with a cathode side GDL of operating PEMFC. GDL faced two single channels. One is air channel as cathode gas channel of PEMFC and the other is liquid channel as cathode catalyst layer. Water is produced in cathode catalyst layer and almost of this water transport through cathode GDL. Because of this, liquid channel was adopted as catalyst layer. Images of water distribution were recorded per 4 second under various liquid pressure conditions. Water content was calculated from these images using mathematic process.

Kim, Jongrok; Je, Junho; Kim, MooHwan [Department of Mechanical Engineering, POSTECH, Pohang (Korea, Republic of); Kim, TaeJoo [The Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of); Kaviany, Massoud [Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor (United States); Son, Sang Young [Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati (United States)

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Water strategies and potential of desalination in Jordan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Jordan is considered one of the countries in the world with the scarcest of water resources. This has led to deterioration of the groundwater quality and an increase in the salinity levels. The dominant environmental challenge facing Jordan is the scarcity of the Kingdom's water resources in an arid land with unpredictable rainfall and an expanding population. Rainfall is confined largely to the winter season and ranges from around 660 mm in the north-west of the country to less than 130 mm in the extreme east. Major surface water resources are the Yarmouk and Zarqa rivers, and the associated side wadis, all flowing westward into the River Jordan and the Dead Sea. Whilst high evaporation rates result in relatively low annual stream flows, the high infiltration rates common in Jordan result in high rates of groundwater recharge. Water conservation is being pursued through increased water recycling, improved irrigation techniques and reducing water loss in distribution; whilst on the supply side is examining the potential for increased desalination, including schemes to transport seawater from Aqaba to the Dead Sea to restore its level and generate potable water, and further investment in dams and domestic reservoirs to collect and hold rainwater. This paper reviews the basic water plans in Jordan, including water resources available, analysis of supply and demand, impacts of water scarcity, water management options, and current situation and future need of desalination, as the only realistic hope.

Mousa S. Mohsen

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

An Improved Simple Chilled Water Cooling Coil Model  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

An Improved Simple Chilled Water Cooling Coil Model An Improved Simple Chilled Water Cooling Coil Model Title An Improved Simple Chilled Water Cooling Coil Model Publication Type Conference Paper LBNL Report Number LBNL-6031E Year of Publication 2012 Authors Wang, Liping, Philip Haves, and Walter F. Buhl Conference Name SimBuild 2012 IBPSA Conference Date Published 08/2012 Abstract The accurate prediction of cooling and dehumidification coil performance is important in model-based fault detection and in the prediction of HVAC system energy consumption for support of both design and operations. It is frequently desirable to use a simple cooling coil model that does not require detailed specification of coil geometry and material properties. The approach adopted is to match the overall UA of the coil to the rating conditions and to estimate the air-side and water-side components of the UA using correlations developed by Holmes (1982). This approach requires some geometrical information about the coil and the paper investigates the sensitivity of the overall performance prediction to uncertainties in this information, including assuming a fixed ratio of air-side to water-side UA at the rating condition. Finally, simulation results from different coil models are compared, and experimental data are used to validate the improved cooling coil model.

426

Investigating Water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

........................................................................................... 193 Lesson 11 Water and Pollution........................................................................................................................ 195 Activity 11.1, Pollution, Pollution, Everywhere...! ............................................................................. 205 Record Sheet 11.1, Pollution, Pollution, Everywhere! ..................................................................... 207 Activity 11.2, Pollution at Its Source...

Howard Jr., Ronald A.

2002-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

427

Water Privatisation   

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation deals with the policy issues of large-scale, urban water privatisation projects in the face of uncertainty and variability. The main objective is to evaluate whether a single policy approach, namely privatisation associated...

Zölls, Elisa

2011-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

428

Computerized Waters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with WRAP. TWRI Technical Report 283, April 2005. This report serves as an introductory tutorial to help new users apply the model quickly for basic water availability modeling applications. ? Comparative Evaluation of Generalized Reservoir...

Wythe, Kathy

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Water Electrolysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Production of ammonium sulfate fertilizer via synthetic ammonia was a national project in Japan just after World War II, and water electrolysis as the source of hydrogen was active....3 of hydrogen and 700 Nm3 of...

Fumio Hine

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Water Pollution  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Coal bed methane (CBM) gas recovery techniques are unique compared to other production methods. Formation water must be removed, or “dewatered” as it holds the methane gas in the coal seam by hydrostatic pressure...

Alireza Bahadori; Malcolm Clark; Bill Boyd

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

EWEB - Residential Solar Water Heating Loan Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EWEB - Residential Solar Water Heating Loan Program EWEB - Residential Solar Water Heating Loan Program EWEB - Residential Solar Water Heating Loan Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Solar Swimming Pool Heaters Water Heating Maximum Rebate $7,000 Program Info State Oregon Program Type Utility Loan Program Rebate Amount Up to 75% of system cost after rebate Provider Eugene Water and Electric Board Eugene Water and Electric Board (EWEB) offers residential customers a loan and cash discount program called, "The Bright Way To Heat Water." The program is designed to promote the installation of solar water heaters and solar pool heating systems. It began in May 1990 as part of a demand-side management initiative. The loans have been offered since May 1995. EWEB provides all funding for both loans and cash discounts. Customers may

432

The design and evaluation of a water delivery system for evaporative cooling of a proton exchange membrane fuel cell  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and uniformly to the nickel metal foam flow-field (element for distributing the reactant gases over the surface of the electrodes) on the anode side from which water can migrate to the cathode side of the cell via electroosmotic drag. For an effective overall...

Al-Asad, Dawood Khaled Abdullah

2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

433

Water purification by electrical discharges  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

There is a continuing need for the development of effective, cheap and environmentally friendly processes for the disinfection and degradation of organic pollutants from water. Ozonation processes are now replacing conventional chlorination processes because ozone is a stronger oxidizing agent and a more effective disinfectant without any side effects. However, the fact that the cost of ozonation processes is higher than chlorination processes is their main disadvantage. In this paper recent developments targeted to make ozonation processes cheaper by improving the efficiency of ozone generation, for example, by incorporation of catalytic packing in the ozone generator, better dispersion of ozone in water and faster conversion of dissolved ozone to free radicals are described. The synthesis of ozone in electrical discharges is discussed. Furthermore, the generation and plasma chemical reactions of several chemically active species, such as H2O2, O•, OH•, HO2•, O3*, N2*, e-, O2-, O-, O2+, etc, which are produced in the electrical discharges are described. Most of these species are stronger oxidizers than ozone. Therefore, water treatment by direct electrical discharges may provide a means to utilize these species in addition to ozone. Much research and development activity has been devoted to achieve these targets in the recent past. An overview of these techniques and important developments that have taken place in this area are discussed. In particular, pulsed corona discharge, dielectric barrier discharge and contact glow discharge electrolysis techniques are being studied for the purpose of cleaning water. The units based on electrical discharges in water or close to the water level are being tested at industrial-scale water treatment plants.}

Muhammad Arif Malik; Abdul Ghaffar; Salman Akbar Malik

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Degradable Terpolymers with Alkyl Side Chains Demonstrate Enhanced Gene Delivery Potency and Nanoparticle Stability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Degradable, cationic poly(?-amino ester)s (PBAEs) with alkyl side chains are developed for non-viral gene delivery. Nanoparticles formed from these PBAE terpolymers exhibit significantly enhanced DNA transfection potency ...

Eltoukhy, Ahmed A.

435

1H, 13C, and 15N backbone and side chain resonance assignments...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and catalytic mechanism of cyclophilins. Citation: Holliday M, F Zhang, NG Isern, GS Armstrong, and EZ Eisenmesser.2014."1H, 13C, and 15N backbone and side chain resonance...

436

Apparatus and methods for impingement cooling of a side wall of a turbine nozzle segment  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A gas turbine nozzle segment has outer and inner bands and a vane therebetween. Each band includes a nozzle wall, a side wall, a cover and an impingement plate between the cover and the nozzle wall defining two cavities on opposite sides of the impingement plate. Cooling steam is supplied to one cavity for flow through apertures of the impingement plate to cool the nozzle wall. The side wall of the band and inturned flange define with the nozzle wall an undercut region. The impingement plate has a turned flange welded to the inturned flange. A backing plate overlies the turned flange and aligned apertures are formed through the backing plate and turned flange to direct and focus cooling flow onto the side wall of the nozzle segment.

Burdgick, Steven Sebastian (Schenectady, NY)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Short communication Backbone conformation study of a side chain polyacrylate through  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by Small Angle Neutron Scattering (SANS) in the isotropic, nematic, smectic A and re-entrant nematic phases of mesogenic side- chain polymethacrylate [7] and polyacrylate [8] by Small Angle Neutron Scattering (SANS

Boyer, Edmond

438

A Technology-Based Comparison between Two-Sided and Back-Contact Silicon Solar Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A modeling comparison between Two-Side Contacted and Back-Contact cells is made to determine which cell structure offers the best performance potential for concentrated light. The comparison includes both low-...

Andrés Cuevas F.; Ronald A. Sinton…

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Why Joint Implementation Can Boost Demand Side Management in Developing Countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this chapter Joint Implementation will be discussed from a business perspective. In particular, the focus will be on the potential role JI can play in further developing Demand Side Management (DSM) in develop...

Wim Wilms

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

A Foundation of Demand-Side Resource Management in Distributed Systems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The theoretical problems of demand-side management are examined in without regard to the type of resource whose demand is to be managed, and the Maximum Demand problem is identified and addressed in a ... resourc...

Shrisha Rao

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "roofs siding water" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Employee Retention and Integrated Disability Management Practices as Demand Side Factors  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Introduction Demand-side employment research on company policies and practices related to retention and absence and disability management (ADM) can contribute to our understanding...Aim To examin...

Rochelle Habeck; Allan Hunt; Colleen Head Rachel…

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Demand Side Management by controlling refrigerators and its effects on consumers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Demand Side Management in power grids has become more and more important in recent years. Continuously growing energy demand both increases the need for distributed generation from renewable energy sources and brings out the topic of Demand Side Management. One of the major application areas of Demand Side Management in smart grids is cooling systems. In this paper, Demand Side Management with control of a refrigerator and its economic effects on consumers are analyzed. With a refrigerator model based on real measurements, several cooling schedules are simulated and annual energy fees for different pricing methods in use in Turkey are calculated and discussed. The results revealed that, 37.9% of refrigerator’s demand in peak period can be shifted to other periods and annual electricity bills for customers can be reduced by 11.4%.

M. Alparslan Zehir; Mustafa Bagriyanik

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Quality-functions for an uniform and comparable analysis of demand side management algorithms  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Due to renewable energies, the feed-in to the power grid will fluctuate increasingly. As long as no highly efficient storage technology is found, the importance of demand side management (DSM) will grow. Differen...

Daniel Hölker; Daniel Brettschneider…

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Guidelines for Marketing Demand-Side Management in the Commercial Sector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For the past decade, electric and gas utilities throughout the nation, not just in hot and humid climates, have promoted energy efficiency through a variety of demand-side management (DSM) programs. In 1984, the Electric Power Research Institute...

George, S. S.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

The Impacts of Utility-Sponsored Demand-Side Management Programs on Industrial Electricity Consumers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

One of the most pressing issues in electric utility regulation today is the extent to which demand-side management (DSM) programs should be promoted by utilities. DSM refers to energy-efficiency or conservation measures, such as insulation, more...

Rosenblum, J. I.

446

Analysis of side end pressurized bump type gas foil bearings: a model anchored to test data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

profound effect on the rotordynamic performance of GFBs. This dissertation presents the first study that devotes considerable attention to the effect of side end pressurization on delaying the onset rotor speed of subsynchronous motions. GFB performance...

Kim, Tae Ho

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

447

Analysis of side end pressurized bump type gas foil bearings: a model anchored to test data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

profound effect on the rotordynamic performance of GFBs. This dissertation presents the first study that devotes considerable attention to the effect of side end pressurization on delaying the onset rotor speed of subsynchronous motions. GFB performance...

Kim, Tae Ho

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

448

Performance Issues of Synchronisation in the MPI-2 One-Sided Communication API  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The efficient implementation of one-sided communication for cluster environments is a challenging task. Here, we present and discuss performance issues which are inherently created by the design of the MPI-2 API ...

Lars Schneidenbach; David Böhme…

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

The Acute Side Effects of Bright Light Therapy: A Placebo-Controlled Investigation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Despite the emergence of numerous clinical and non-clinical applications of bright light therapy (LT) in recent decades, the prevalence and severity of LT side effects have not yet been fully explicated. A few adverse LT ...

Botanov, Yevgeny; Ilardi, Stephen S.

2013-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

450

Conjugate observations of the day-side reconnection electric eld: A GEM boundary layer campaign  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction Magnetic reconnection on the day-side magnetopause is the dominant mechanism by which solar wind energy is transferred to the Earth's magnetosphere, at least when the interplanetary magnetic ®eld (IMF

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

451

Crop Water Requirement and Water Use Efficiency  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Water use efficiency is defined as ratio of yield to irrigation water requirement (De Pascale and Maggio 2005) WUE=yield/irrigation water requirement (kg crop/m3 irrigation water) ...

Christian von Zabeltitz

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

EXTENSION WATER SUMMIT PRIORITY: WATER CONSERVATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

programs) · Audience: homeowners Outcome 4: Increase water reuse and recycling programs · Example program: Water harvesting ­ rain barrels and cisterns · Audience: home owners #12;: Water conservation. Conserve Florida's finite water resources by teaching rural, suburban and urban

Kane, Andrew S.

453

Arnold Schwarzenegger WATER HEATERS AND HOT WATER  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Arnold Schwarzenegger Governor WATER HEATERS AND HOT WATER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS;#12;Appendices Appendix A. Multifamily Water Heating Construction Practices, Pricing and Availability Survey Report Appendix B. Multifamily Water Heating Controls Performance Field Report Appendix C. Pipe

454

Water Boatman  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Water Boatman Water Boatman Name: Joshua Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: I am doing a research on water boatman. I go through your web, I only find little information about it. Can you give me its habitat, its appearance, life cycles and communication between themselves and they defenses themselves? Replies: Find a good book in the library on insects, also on pond biology/ecology, as boatmen live in ponds and marshes. It should be easy to find. J.Elliott Try this web site: http://www.dnr.state.il.us/ctap.ctaphome.htm or http://www.dnr.state.il.us/nredu/nredpage.htm this is the state of Illinois Dept. of Natural Resources homepage and somewhere on there is a page called "bugpage". They have pictures and characteristics of aquatic insects there. good luck

455

Detection of nanosecond time scale side-chain jumps in a protein dissolved in water/glycerol solvent  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a positive identification of nanosecond dynamics in Val-23 where ns motions were already observed earlier. In several other cases, however, only tentative identification was possible. The lack of definitive results. In particular, it has been found that the overall protein tumbling is controlled by the bulk solvent

Skrynnikov, Nikolai

456

Building America Case Study: Excavationless Exterior-Side Foundation Insulation for Existing Homes, Minneapolis, Minnesota (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

Building science research supports installing exterior (soil side) foundation insulation as the optimal method to enhance the hygrothermal performance of new homes. With exterior foundation insulation, water management strategies are maximized while insulating the basement space and ensuring a more even temperature at the foundation wall. However, such an approach can be very costly and disruptive when applied to an existing home, requiring deep excavation around the entire house. The NorthernSTAR Building America Partnership team implemented an innovative, minimally invasive foundation insulation upgrade technique on an existing home. The approach consisted of using hydrovac excavation technology combined with a liquid insulating foam. The team was able to excavate a continuous 4" wide by 4' to 5' deep trench around the entire house, 128 linear feet, except for one small part under the stoop that was obstructed with concrete debris. The combination pressure washer and vacuum extraction technology also enabled the elimination of large trenches and soil stockpiles normally produced by backhoe excavation. The resulting trench was filled with liquid insulating foam, which also served as a water-control layer of the assembly. The insulation was brought above grade using a liquid foam/rigid foam hybrid system and terminated at the top of the rim joist. Cost savings over the traditional excavation process ranged from 23% to 50%. The excavationless process could result in even greater savings since replacement of building structures, exterior features, utility meters, and landscaping would be minimal or non-existent in an excavationless process.

NorthernSTAR

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Integrating renewables economic dispatch with demand side management in micro-grids: a genetic algorithm-based approach  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Economic dispatch and demand side management are two of the most important tools for efficient energy management in the grid. It is a casual ... aiming to optimize economic dispatch have implications for demand side

Ahmer Arif; Fahad Javed; Naveed Arshad

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Water Revisited  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...explains the su-percooling behavior. The important issue...Hydrophobic Interactions The behavior of water toward non-polar...structures ofthe clath-rate hydrates for many ofthese nonpolar...underlying the anomalous behavior of supercooled wa-ter...Schuster, G. Zundel, C. Sand-SCIENCE, VOL. 209...

Frank H. Stillinger

1980-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

459

Whither water?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... proposal for the future seems to have been ruled out for some time to come. Desalination has been widely mooted as a practical system of obtaining pure water in Britain, ... addition, the environment lobby, which by and large seems to favour the idea of desalination, has not, perhaps, taken full account of the impact on the coastal environment ...

John Gribbin

1974-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

460

Electricity Demand-Side Management for an Energy Efficient Future in China: Technology Options and Policy Priorities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electricity Demand-Side Management for an Energy Efficient Future in China: Technology Options sensitive impacts on electricity demand growth by different demand-side management (DSM) scenarios countries. The research showed that demand side management strategies could result in significant reduction

de Weck, Olivier L.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "roofs siding water" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Hydrogen Bond Switching among Flavin and Amino Acid Side Chains in the BLUF Photoreceptor Observed by Ultrafast Infrared Spectroscopy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hydrogen Bond Switching among Flavin and Amino Acid Side Chains in the BLUF Photoreceptor Observed hydrogen-bond network with nearby amino acid side chains, including a highly conserved tyrosine and glutamine. The participation of particular amino acid side chains in the ultrafast hydrogen-bond switching

van Stokkum, Ivo

462

Water|Energy Energy|Water  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Water|Energy Energy|Water ... This issue of Environmental Science & Technology features articles addressing the concept of the “water–energy nexus”. ... Perrone et al. invoke the concept in their title, in creating a tool to account for the “energy [used] for water and water [used] for energy” (Environ. ...

Darcy J. Gentleman

2011-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

463

Cleaner, Safer Water through Water Safety Plans  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CS232615A Cleaner, Safer Water through Water Safety Plans National Center for Environmental Health). Water Safety Plans A Water Safety Plan (WSP) is a preventive management approach used to manage threats to a drinking water system--from catchment to consumer. It helps in the · Management of activities

464

WATER RESOURCES NEBRASKA WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH INSTITUTE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and energy are inextricably bound. Energy is consumed and sometimes produced by every form of water resourcesWATER RESOURCES NEBRASKA WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH INSTITUTE 212 AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERING BUILDING of the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969, water resources professionals squarely faced the fact that water

Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

465

Ground water provides drinking water, irrigation for  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ground water provides drinking water, irrigation for crops and water for indus- tries. It is also connected to surface waters, and maintains the flow of rivers and streams and the level of wetlands- tion of those along Lake Michigan, most communi- ties, farms and industries still rely on ground water

Saldin, Dilano

466

Regional Water Management: Adapting to Uncertain Water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Regional Water Management: Adapting to Uncertain Water Supply and Demand Jim Schneider, Ph · How Nebraska manages water · Dealing with uncertain water supplies: adaptive management #12;Regional-wide, systematic approach · Flexible--Adaptive Management Adaptive Manageme nt #12;Integrated Water Management

Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

467

Oxygen in Underwater Cave  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Oxygen in Underwater Cave Oxygen in Underwater Cave Name: Natalie Status: student Grade: 9-12 Location: HI Country: USA Date: Spring 2011 Question: Is it possible for there to be free oxygen in an underwater cave? If it is, then how does it work? Replies: Yes it is possible as I have personally experienced. If the cave roof rises to a level above the water, air dissolved in the water will slowly out gas until the water is at the same level at all places. A pocket of breathable air will form. In many caves the roof dips below water level in one place but it above it on both sides. Think of a U shaped tube where the bottom of the U is blocked by water. This is called a siphon and I have passed through many of these to find breathable air on the other side. R. W. "Bob" Avakian Oklahoma State Univ. Inst. of Technology

468

E-Print Network 3.0 - air-side heat transfer Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Kanpur Collection: Engineering 5 PARAMETER ESTIMATION BASED MODELS OF WATER SOURCE HEAT PUMPS Summary: ......

469

Analyses of cracks in thick stiffened plates repaired with single-sided composite patch  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This study investigated the effect of composite patches applied to thick stiffened plates with single-sided repairs. A simplified analytical model was derived to predict the reduction in the mode I strain energy release rates resulting from the single-sided composite patches. Finite element analyses were also conducted to compute the mode I strain energy release rates with and without composite patches, and their results were compared to the analytical model prediction. Furthermore, changes in the location of the neural axis with single-side patches were examined with their effects on the effectiveness of the patch repair with variations in both material and geometric parameters of the patch and plate. The neutral axis location in the patched plate played an important role to influence the effectiveness of the composite patch.

Y.W. Kwon; B.L. Hall

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

System analysis of membrane facilitated water generation from air humidity  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The use of water vapor selective membranes can reduce the energy requirement for extracting water out of humid air by more than 50%. We performed a system analysis of a proposed unit, that uses membranes to separate water vapor from other atmospheric gases. This concentrated vapor can then be condensed specifically, rather than cooling the whole body of air. The driving force for the membrane permeation is maintained with a condenser and a vacuum pump. The pump regulates the total permeate side pressure by removing non-condensable gases that leak into the system. We show that by introducing a low-pressure, recirculated, sweep stream, the total permeate side pressure can be increased without impairing the water vapor permeation. This measure allows energy efficiency even in the presence of leakages, as it significantly lowers the power requirements of the vacuum pump. Such a constructed atmospheric water generator with a power of 62 kW could produce 9.19 m3/day of water (583 MJ/m3) as compared to 4.45 m3/day (1202 MJ/m3) that can be condensed without membranes. Due to the physical barrier the membrane imposes, fresh water generated in this manner is also cleaner and of higher quality than water condensed directly out of the air.

D. Bergmair; S.J. Metz; H.C. de Lange; A.A. van Steenhoven

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

The Demand Side: Behavioral Patterns and Unpicked Low-Hanging Fruit  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

The Demand Side: Behavioral Patterns and The Demand Side: Behavioral Patterns and Unpicked Low-Hanging Fruit James Sweeney Stanford University Director Precourt Energy Efficiency Center (NĂ©e: Precourt Institute for Energy Efficiency) Professor, Management Science and Engineering 6 Source: McKinsey & Co. Increased commercial space Gasoline Price Controls Compact Fluorescent Penetration LED: Traffic Lights, Task Lighting Appliance Energy Labeling Gasoline Rationing Much Incandescent Lighting Congestion Pricing Personal Computer Penetration Optimized Building Construction Overly Strict Building Standards Pigouvian Energy Tax Reduced Cost Decreased Energy Use "Smart" Regional Land Development Reformed Fuel Efficiency Standards Some Rail Rapid Transit Systems Efficient AC-DC Converters Halt SUV

472

Resource–Task Network Formulations for Industrial Demand Side Management of a Steel Plant  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the industrial demand side management (iDSM) or demand response (DR) grid-consumer interface, the electricity provider gives economic incentives to the industry to alter their electricity usage behavior and there are generally two approaches:• ... It can be used as an important tool for industrial demand side management or demand response, a concept in which the plant adapts its operational behavior by changing the timing of electricity usage from on-peak to off-peak hours for the collective benefit of society. ...

Pedro M. Castro; Lige Sun; Iiro Harjunkoski

2013-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

473

Disorder-induced transparency in a one-dimensional waveguide side coupled with optical cavities  

SciTech Connect

Disorder influence on photon transmission behavior is theoretically studied in a one-dimensional waveguide side coupled with a series of optical cavities. For this sake, we propose a concept of disorder-induced transparency appearing on the low-transmission spectral background. Two kinds of disorders, namely, disorders of optical cavity eigenfrequencies and relative phases in the waveguide side coupled with optical cavities are considered to show the disorder-induced transparency. They both can induce the optical transmission peaks on the low-transmission backgrounds. The statistical mean value of the transmission also increases with increasing the disorders of the cavity eigenfrequencies and relative phases.

Zhang, Yongyou, E-mail: yyzhang@bit.edu.cn; Dong, Guangda; Zou, Bingsuo [Beijing Key Lab of Nanophotonics and Ultrafine Optoelectronic Systems and School of Physics, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081 (China)

2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

474

Water Permits (Louisiana)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Water Permits Division authorizes permits administered under the Water Quality Regulations. Louisiana's Water Quality Regulations require permits for the discharge of pollutants from any point...

475

Light Water Reactor Sustainability  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 Light Water Reactor Sustainability ACCOMPLISHMENTS REPORT 2014 Accomplishments Report | Light Water Reactor Sustainability 2 T he mission of the Light Water Reactor...

476

Photosynthetic water oxidation versus photovoltaic water electrolysis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

News Media about Center Center Video Library Bisfuel Picture Gallery Photosynthetic water oxidation versus photovoltaic water electrolysis 13 May 2011 Professor Tom Moore, a...

477

Global Water Sustainability:  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Ground Water and Drinking Water EPA 816-R-04-003...oil and gas produced water treatment. Journal of Hazardous...92-99 Jurenka B (2007) Electrodialysis (ED) and Electrodialysis...usbr.gov/pmts/water/publications/reportpdfs...

Kelvin B. Gregory; Radisav D. Vidic; David A. Dzombak

478

Drinking Water Problems: Lead  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lead in drinking water can damage the brain, kidneys, nervous system and red blood cells. This publication explains how lead can enter drinking water, how to have your water tested, and how to eliminate lead from drinking water....

Dozier, Monty; McFarland, Mark L.

2004-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

479

A 1.5-approximation Algorithm For Two-Sided Scaffold Filling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

up the whole genomes by filling those missing genes into the scaffolds to optimize a similarity measure of genomes. A typical and frequently used measure for the similarity of two genomes is the number of common adjacencies. One- sided scaffold filling is given by a scaffold and a whole genome, and asks

Zhu, Binhai

480

R and D opportunities in gas-side fouling. Executive summary  

SciTech Connect

This report provides an overview of five research reports that were generated for the Fouling and Corrosion Program. In addition, a listing of research and development opportunities in gas-side fouling is provided. R and D opportunities are designated as technology transfer, basic research, or applied research opportunities.

Garrett-Price, B.A.; Moore, N.L.; Fassbender, L.L.

1984-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "roofs siding water" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Maximizing Energy Savings Reliability in BC Hydro Industrial Demand-side Management Programs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

saving potential, and (5) a lack of organizational awareness of an operation's energy efficiency over efficiency requirements and pursuing demand-side management (DSM) incentive programs in the large industrial to investment in energy efficiency, and (2) requiring that incentive payments be dependent on measured energy

Victoria, University of

482

CONTROL FOR INTEGRATED SIDE-SLIP, ROLL AND YAW CONTROLS FOR GROUND VEHICLES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(force away from saturation). This system has two outputs (yaw rate and lateral velocity) and two inputs al. 1992, Inegaki et al. 1994, Matsumoto et al. 1992). VDC systems directly controls yaw momentCONTROL FOR INTEGRATED SIDE-SLIP, ROLL AND YAW CONTROLS FOR GROUND VEHICLES Kazuya KitajimaI Huei

Peng, Huei

483

"Dark Web: Exploring and Min-ing the Dark Side of the Web"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Title: "Dark Web: Exploring and Min- ing the Dark Side of the Web" Speaker: Director, Prof will review the emerging research in Terrorism Informatics based on a web mining perspective. Recent progress in the internationally re- nowned Dark Web project will be reviewed, including: deep/dark web spider- ing (web sites

Michelsen, Claus

484

Autonomous Demand Side Management Based on Game-Theoretic Energy Consumption  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Autonomous Demand Side Management Based on Game-Theoretic Energy Consumption Scheduling consumption scheduling game, where the players are the users and their strategies are the daily schedules is achieved at the Nash equilibrium of the formulated energy consumption scheduling game. The proposed

Mohsenian-Rad, Hamed

485

The Other Side of Cognitive Control: Can a Lack of Cognitive Control Benefit Language and Cognition?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Other Side of Cognitive Control: Can a Lack of Cognitive Control Benefit Language and Cognition Cognitive control refers to the regulation of mental activity to support flexible cognition across different domains. Cragg and Nation (2010) propose that the development of cognitive control in children parallels

Thompson-Schill, Sharon

486

Taking Sides. Marriage Networks and Dravidian Kinship in Lowland South America  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Taking Sides. Marriage Networks and Dravidian Kinship in Lowland South America Michael Houseman alliance structures. We explore this idea with reference to lowland South America where dual organization 1981), and on the other hand, on Hornborg's (1988) comparative study of 48 lowland South American

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

487

Taking Sides. Marriage Networks and Dravidian Kinship in Lowland South America  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Taking Sides. Marriage Networks and Dravidian Kinship in Lowland South America Michael Houseman alliance structures. An appropriate place to explore this idea is lowland South America, where dual for their helpful comments. #12;2 In lowland South America, where such two-line terminologies abound

White, Douglas R.

488

Demand Side Management for Wind Power Integration in Microgrid Using Dynamic Potential Game Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Demand Side Management for Wind Power Integration in Microgrid Using Dynamic Potential Game Theory the intermittency in wind power generation. Our focus is on an isolated microgrid with one wind turbine, one fast, Wind Power Integration, Markov Chain, Dynamic Potential Game Theory, Nash Equilibrium. I. INTRODUCTION

Huang, Jianwei

489

Abstract--Implementation of Distribution Automation (DA) and Demand Side Management (DSM) intended to serve both  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract--Implementation of Distribution Automation (DA) and Demand Side Management (DSM) intended, requires a wide-area two-way communication system. DA and DSM devices (customer meters, switches, etc for both DA/DSM applications can be met. And a scheduling policy is proposed to provide the applications

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

490

Evaluating information in zero-sum games with incomplete information on both sides  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Evaluating information in zero-sum games with incomplete information on both sides Ehud Lehrer where each player receives a partial information about his own type and no information about that evaluate the value of information share only one property across all games: monotonicity. That is

Lehrer, Ehud

491

Development of Low Noise, BackSide Illuminated Silicon Photodiode Arrays 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Development of Low Noise, Back­Side Illuminated Silicon Photodiode Arrays 1 S.E. Holland Member photodiode arrays for use with positron­emission tomography (PET). A fabrication process developed for high) results in ? 70% quantum efficiency over the wavelength range of 400--1000 nm. The photodiodes

492

The ProxyGator Server-side Wireless Toolkit Dushiant Kochhar and Abdelsalam (Sumi) Helal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The ProxyGator ­ Server-side Wireless Toolkit Dushiant Kochhar and Abdelsalam (Sumi) Helal Computer significantly. To reduce the development time, we are introducing the ProxyGator toolkit. It is a server infrastructure is built within Visual C++ 6.0 IDE. We present the ProxyGator Toolkit and give an analysis to show

Helal, Abdelsalam

493

Thermo-mechanical simulations in double-sided heat transfer power assemblies.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermo-mechanical simulations in double-sided heat transfer power assemblies. E. Woirgard; I. Favre In power assemblies, heat transfer due to the die self- heating is one of the most important point on time life assemblies. Heat has to be evacuated toward the base- plate not to weaken the solder joint under

Boyer, Edmond

494

*See reverse side for all notes College of Engineering and Computer Science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

*See reverse side for all notes College of Engineering and Computer Science Bioengineering NAME Chemistry 1 CHE 1550 3 CHE107 General Chemistry Lab 1 CHE 1550 1 CHE116 General Chemistry 2 CHE 1560 3 CHE117 General Chemistry Lab 2 CHE 1560 1 CHE275 Organic Chemistry 1 CHE 2530 3 CHE276 Organic Chemistry

Mather, Patrick T.

495

See reverse side for all notes College of Engineering & Computer Science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Physical Chemistry (3) ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING (35) D=12 CIE272 Civil & Envir. Engr Measurements 3 CIE274See reverse side for all notes College of Engineering & Computer Science Environmental Engineering Chemistry 1 CHEM 1211 3 CHE107 General Chemistry Lab 1 CHEM 1211L 1 CHE116 General Chemistry 2 CHEM 1212 3

Mather, Patrick T.

496

*See reverse side for all notes College of Engineering and Computer Science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

*See reverse side for all notes College of Engineering and Computer Science Bioengineering NAME Chemistry 1 CH 141 3 CHE107 General Chemistry Lab 1 CH 141 1 CHE116 General Chemistry 2 CH 142 3 CHE117 General Chemistry Lab 2 CH 142 1 CHE275 Organic Chemistry 1 CH 247 3 CHE276 Organic Chemistry Lab 1 CH 247

Mather, Patrick T.

497

See reverse side for all notes College of Engineering & Computer Science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Physical Chemistry (3) ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING (35) D=12 CIE272 Civil & Envir. Engr Measurements 3 CIE274See reverse side for all notes College of Engineering & Computer Science Environmental Engineering Chemistry 1 CHEM 110 3 CHE107 General Chemistry Lab 1 CHEM 110 1 CHE116 General Chemistry 2 CHEM 111 3 CHE

Mather, Patrick T.

498

See reverse side for all notes College of Engineering & Computer Science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

251 Thermodynamics (4) OR CHE346 Physical Chemistry (3) ENGR 2200 ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING (35) D=12See reverse side for all notes College of Engineering & Computer Science Environmental Engineering Chemistry 1 CHEM 1510 3 CHE107 General Chemistry Lab 1 CHEM 1510 1 CHE116 General Chemistry 2 CHEM 1520 3

Mather, Patrick T.

499

See reverse side for all notes College of Engineering & Computer Science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermodynamics (4) CHE346 Physical Chemistry (3) ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING (35) D=12 CIE272 Civil & Envir. EngrSee reverse side for all notes College of Engineering & Computer Science Environmental Engineering. Equations & Matrix Algebra (3)____ 3 SCIENCES (20) CHE106 General Chemistry I (3)____ 3 CHE107 General

Mather, Patrick T.

500

See reverse side for all notes College of Engineering & Computer Science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) MAE251 Thermodynamics (4) CHE346 Physical Chemistry (3) ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING (35) D=12 CIE272See reverse side for all notes College of Engineering & Computer Science Environmental Engineering. Equations & Matrix Algebra *MA 260 3 SCIENCES (20) CHE106 General Chemistry 1 CH 141 3 CHE107 General

Mather, Patrick T.