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Sample records for rong ban kst

  1. Norway: Ban on Advertising and Promotion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bjartveit, Kjell; World Health Organization

    2003-01-01

    use in the 20th century Norway). Thesis. Oslo: Departementof Tobacco Products etc. (Norway) Oslo: National Council onin its advertising over the Norway: Ban on Advertising and

  2. Status and Impacts of State MTBE Bans

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2003-01-01

    This paper describes legislation passed in 16 states banning or restricting the use of methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) in gasoline. Analysis of the status and impact of these state MTBE bans is provided concerning the supply and potential price changes of gasoline.

  3. Country report on advertising and promotion bans - Croatia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hrabak-Zerbajic, Dr. Vlasta

    2004-01-01

    Country report on advertising and promotion bans – Croatiaand promotion bans – Croatia Dr Vlasta Hrabak-Zerbajicbeen grown and consumed in Croatia. In the last century the

  4. Jump Flooding in GPU with Applications to Voronoi Diagram and Distance Transform Guodong Rong

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tan, Tiow Seng

    Jump Flooding in GPU with Applications to Voronoi Diagram and Distance Transform Guodong Rong Tiow of the jump flooding algorithm is shown in the other six pictures, with the rightmost being the computed Voronoi diagram. Abstract This paper studies jump flooding as an algorithmic paradigm in the general

  5. A Point-Based POMDP Planner for Target Tracking David Hsu Wee Sun Lee Nan Rong

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Wee Sun

    A Point-Based POMDP Planner for Target Tracking David Hsu Wee Sun Lee Nan Rong Department Abstract-- Target tracking has two variants that are often studied independently with different approaches following. The POMDP solution exhibits interesting tracking behaviors, such as anticipatory moves

  6. A Semi-automatic Framework for Mining ERP Patterns Jiawei Rong, Dejing Dou

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dou, Dejing

    A Semi-automatic Framework for Mining ERP Patterns Jiawei Rong, Dejing Dou Computer and Information University of Oregon, USA Electrical Geodesics, Inc. dtucker@egi.com Abstract Event-related potentials (ERP-automatic framework for mining ERP data, which in- cludes the following steps: PCA decomposition, extraction

  7. Self-adaptive Cloud Capacity Planning Yexi Jiang, Chang-shing Perng, Tao Li, Rong Chang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Tao

    Self-adaptive Cloud Capacity Planning Yexi Jiang, Chang-shing Perng, Tao Li, Rong Chang School}@us.ibm.com Abstract--The popularity of cloud service spurs the increas- ing demands of cloud resources to the cloud a new method for cloud capacity planning with the goal of fully utilizing the physical resources, as we

  8. Graphene Edge Lithography Guibai Xie, Zhiwen Shi, Rong Yang, Donghua Liu, Wei Yang, Meng Cheng, Duoming Wang, Dongxia Shi,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Guangyu

    Graphene Edge Lithography Guibai Xie, Zhiwen Shi, Rong Yang, Donghua Liu, Wei Yang, Meng Cheng: Fabrication of graphene nanostructures is of importance for both investigating their intrinsic physical approach for graphene nanostructures. Compared with conventional lithographic fabrication techniques

  9. Motor Gasoline Outlook and State MTBE Bans

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2003-01-01

    The U.S. is beginning the summer 2003 driving season with lower gasoline inventories and higher prices than last year. Recovery from this tight gasoline market could be made more difficult by impending state bans on the blending of methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) into gasoline that are scheduled to begin later this year.

  10. AHP15: Rgyal rong Tibetan Life, Language, and Folklore in Rgyas bzang Village

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G.yu 'brug; Stuart, C K

    Middle School CONCLUSION NON-ENGLISH TERMS RGYAS BZANG TIBETAN DIALECT-ENGLISH WORD LIST ENGLISH-RGYAS BZANG TIBETAN DIALECT WORD LIST REFERENCES •5•   MAPS ? Map One. Rong brag (Danba) County... /                                                                                                                           3 Ceremonial scarf offered to show respect. •12•   PHOTOGRAPHS4 Photograph Three. Bya khyung khyung.5 Photograph Four. Tsa ri spun gsum6 Mountain Deities. Photograph Nine. The wall of the ma Ni pile and a prayer wheel at the gate of Rgyas...

  11. Supporting the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Bowyer, Ted

    2014-06-12

    PNNL operates the only certified laboratory in the U.S. for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty's International Monitoring System (IMS).

  12. Supporting the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bowyer, Ted

    2014-11-20

    PNNL operates the only certified laboratory in the U.S. for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty's International Monitoring System (IMS).

  13. Multi-Objective Memetic Evolution of ART-based Classifiers Rong Li, Timothy R. Mersch, Oriana X. Wen, Assem Kaylani,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anagnostopoulos, Georgios C.

    training framework aims to evolve pop- ulations of ART classifiers to optimize both their classificationMulti-Objective Memetic Evolution of ART-based Classifiers Rong Li, Timothy R. Mersch, Oriana X a novel framework for evolving ART-based classification models, which we refer to as MOME-ART. The new

  14. Approximate fair bandwidth allocation: A method for simple and flexible traffic Rong Pan, Balaji Prabhakar, Flavio Bonomi and Bob Olsen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prabhakar, Balaji

    by the industry. This paper describes the evolution of AFD from a research project into an industry setting from the academic world into the industry. I. INTRODUCTION Note: This paper describes the backgroundApproximate fair bandwidth allocation: A method for simple and flexible traffic management Rong Pan

  15. Atomic-resolution study of Mn tetramer clusters using scanning tunneling Rong Yang, Haiqiang Yang, and Arthur R. Smitha

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atomic-resolution study of Mn tetramer clusters using scanning tunneling microscopy Rong Yang clusters is investigated. The clusters are composed of a quadrant array of Mn atoms forming a tetramer of manganese nitride, on which are stabilized peri- odic, self-organized array of MnN-bonded Mn tetramer clus

  16. Preparations for Meeting New York and Connecticut MTBE Bans

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2003-01-01

    In response to a Congressional request, the Energy Information Administration examined the progress being made to meet the bans on the use of methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) being implemented in New York and Connecticut at the end of 2003.

  17. Gamma-Ray Bursts Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, 1963

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harrison, Thomas

    Lecture 18 Gamma-Ray Bursts #12;Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, 1963 First Vela satellite pair launched and their predecessors, Vela 4, discovered the first gamma-ray bursts. The discovery was announced by Klebesadel, Strong, and Olson (ApJ, 182, 85) in 1973. #12;First Gamma-Ray Burst The Vela 5 satellites functioned from July, 1969

  18. Surface-Induced Phase Transition of Asymmetric Diblock Copolymer in Selective Solvents Rong Wang,*, Zhibin Jiang, Yeng-Long Chen, and Gi Xue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Surface-Induced Phase Transition of Asymmetric Diblock Copolymer in Selective Solvents Rong Wang copolymer in selective solvents is first theoretically investigated by using the real-space version of self and rodlike micelles in selective solvents.37-41 Among these microstructures, vesicles are of fundamental

  19. Nanoparticle enhanced evaporation of liquids: A case study of silicone oil Wenbin Zhang, Rong Shen, Kunquan Lu, Ailing Ji, and Zexian Cao

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zexian, Cao

    Nanoparticle enhanced evaporation of liquids: A case study of silicone oil and water Wenbin Zhang probability of D2O-water on ice: Isotope effects and the influence of vibrational excitation J. Chem. Phys of silicone oil and water Wenbin Zhang, Rong Shen, Kunquan Lu, Ailing Ji, and Zexian Caoa Institute of Physics

  20. Mak-Ban Binary 1 GEPP | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas:Montezuma,Information MHKMHK5Transport Projects | OpenMak-Ban / Laguna

  1. Water-Assisted Transamination of Glycine and Formaldehyde Rong-Zhen Liao, Wan-Jian Ding, Jian-Guo Yu,* Wei-Hai Fang, and Ruo-Zhuang Liu*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liao, Rongzhen

    Water-Assisted Transamination of Glycine and Formaldehyde Rong-Zhen Liao, Wan-Jian Ding, Jian-group from one molecule to another without the production of free ammonia as an intermediate.1 Furthermore

  2. Mak-Ban / Laguna Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas:Montezuma,Information MHKMHK5Transport Projects | OpenMak-Ban / Laguna Geothermal

  3. Mak-Ban Binary 2 GEPP | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas:Montezuma,Information MHKMHK5Transport Projects | OpenMak-Ban / Laguna2 GEPP Jump

  4. Mak-Ban Binary 3 GEPP | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas:Montezuma,Information MHKMHK5Transport Projects | OpenMak-Ban / Laguna2 GEPP

  5. Mak-Ban E GEPP | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas:Montezuma,Information MHKMHK5Transport Projects | OpenMak-Ban / Laguna2 GEPPE

  6. NNSA Sites Host Head of Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Sites Host Head of Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO) | National Nuclear Security Administration Facebook Twitter Youtube Flickr RSS People Mission Managing...

  7. Arms Control: US and International efforts to ban biological weapons

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-12-01

    The Bacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weapons Convention, the treaty that bans the development, production, and stockpiling and acquisition of biological weapons was opened for signature in 1972 and came into force in 1975 after being ratified by 22 governments, including the depository nations of the USA, the United Kingdom, and the former Soviet Union. In support of the Convention, the USA later established export controls on items used to make biological weapons. Further, in accordance with the 1990 President`s Enhanced Proliferation Control Initiative, actions were taken to redefine and expand US export controls, as well as to encourage multilateral controls through the Australia Group. Thus far, the Convention has not been effective in stopping the development of biological weapons. The principal findings as to the reasons of the failures of the Convention are found to be: the Convention lacks universality, compliance measures are effective, advantage of verification may outweigh disadvantages. Recommendations for mitigating these failures are outlined in this report.

  8. Free Trade in Oil and Natural Gas, The Case for Lifting the Ban on U.S. Energy Exports 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Griffin, James M.; Gause, F. Gregory

    2014-01-01

    Not only should the US lift its ban on exporting oil and natural gas in light of today’s economic and political climate, but it was wrong to ever ban such exports in the first place. The US should cease to view its energy resources as a purely...

  9. Jeri Muoio's gun ban at West Palm Beach city hall By ANDREW ABRAMSON

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    Jeri Muoio's gun ban at West Palm Beach city hall draws fire By ANDREW ABRAMSON Palm Beach Post Jeri Muoio might negotiate on some issues, but when it comes to guns in city hall, she holds her ground with a gun," Muoio said at a city commission meeting last month. "If you're coming into city hall, leave your

  10. Higher-order Chemical Programming Style J.-P. Ban^atre1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fradet, Pascal

    avenue de l'Europe, 38330 Montbonnot, France Pascal.Fradet@inria.fr Abstract. The chemical reactionHigher-order Chemical Programming Style J.-P. Ban^atre1 , P. Fradet2 and Y. Radenac1 1 IRISA metaphor describes computation in terms of a chemical solution in which molecules interact freely according

  11. Towards Chemical Coordination for Grids Jean-Pierre Ban^atre1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fradet, Pascal

    are programmed in an abstract manner describing essentially the chemical coordination be- tween (not necessarilyTowards Chemical Coordination for Grids Jean-Pierre Ban^atre1 , Pascal Fradet2 and Yann Radenac1 1 investigate a "novel programming model" for grids based on the chemical metaphor. On one side, applications

  12. Implications of lifting the ban on the export of Alaskan crude oil

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-03-26

    Present legislation effectively bans the export of crude oil produced in the United States. The ban has been in effect for years and is particularly stringent with respect to crude oil produced in Alaska, particularly on the North Slope. The Alaska crude export ban is specifically provided for in the Trans-Alaska Pipeline Authorization Act of 1973 and in other legislation. It was imposed for two reasons. The first was to reduce US dependence on imported crude oil. The Arab oil embargo had been imposed shortly before the Act was passed and a greater measure of energy independence was considered imperative at that time. The second reason was to assure that funds expended in building an Alaskan pipeline would benefit domestic users rather than simply employed to facilitate shipments to other countries. The main objective of this report is to estimate the potential impacts on crude oil prices that would result from lifting the export ban Alaskan crude oil. The report focuses on the Japanese market and the US West Coast market. Japan is the principal potential export market for Alaskan crude oil. Exports to that market would also affect the price of Alaskan crude oil as well as crude oil and product prices on the West Coast and the volume of petroleum imported in that area. 3 figs., 8 tabs.

  13. Policy issues facing the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty and prospects for the future

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sweeney, J.

    1999-04-01

    This report is divided into the following 5 sections: (1) Background; (2) Major Issues Facing Ratification of CTBT; (3) Current Status on CTBT Ratification; (4) Status of CTBT Signatories and Ratifiers; and (5) CTBT Activities Not Prohibited. The major issues facing ratification of CTBT discussed here are: impact on CTBT of START II and ABM ratification; impact of India and Pakistan nuclear tests; CTBT entry into force; and establishment of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty Organization.

  14. Near-term implications of a ban on new coal-fired power plants in the United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Adam Newcomer; Jay Apt [Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA (United States). Carnegie Mellon Electricity Industry Center

    2009-06-15

    Large numbers of proposed new coal power generators in the United States have been cancelled, and some states have prohibited new coal power generators. We examine the effects on the U.S. electric power system of banning the construction of coal-fired electricity generators, which has been proposed as a means to reduce U.S. CO{sub 2} emissions. The model simulates load growth, resource planning, and economic dispatch of the Midwest Independent Transmission System Operator (ISO), Inc., Electric Reliability Council of Texas (ERCOT), and PJM under a ban on new coal generation and uses an economic dispatch model to calculate the resulting changes in dispatch order, CO{sub 2} emissions, and fuel use under three near-term (until 2030) future electric power sector scenarios. A national ban on new coal-fired power plants does not lead to CO{sub 2} reductions of the scale required under proposed federal legislation such as Lieberman-Warner but would greatly increase the fraction of time when natural gas sets the price of electricity, even with aggressive wind and demand response policies. 50 refs., 5 figs., 4 tabs.

  15. The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty and the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty, the relationship

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Graham, Thomas Jr. [7609 Glenbrook Rd., Bethesda, MD 20814 (United States)

    2014-05-09

    The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) is the most important international security arrangement that we have that is protecting the world community and this has been true for many years. But it did not happen by accident, it is a strategic bargain in which 184 states gave up the right forever to acquire the most powerful weapon ever created in exchange for a commitment from the five states allowed to keep nuclear weapons under the NPT (U.S., U.K., Russia, France and China), to share peaceful nuclear technology and to engage in disarmament negotiations aimed at the ultimate elimination of their nuclear stockpiles. The most important part of this is the comprehensive nuclear test ban (CTBT); the thinking by the 184 NPT non-nuclear weapon states was and is that they understand that the elimination of nuclear weapon stockpiles is a long way off, but at least the NPT nuclear weapon states could stop testing the weapons. The CTBT has been ratified by 161 states but by its terms it can only come into force if 44 nuclear potential states ratify; 36 have of the 44 have ratified it, the remaining eight include the United States and seven others, most of whom are in effect waiting for the United States. No state has tested a nuclear weapon-except for complete outlier North Korea-in 15 years. There appears to be no chance that the U.S. Senate will approve the CTBT for ratification in the foreseeable future, but the NPT may not survive without it. Perhaps it is time to consider an interim measure, for the UN Security Council to declare that any future nuclear weapon test any time, anywhere is a 'threat to peace and security', in effect a violation of international law, which in today's world it clearly would be.

  16. KST Coatings, A Business Unit of The Sherwin-Williams Company | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View NewGuam:onItron (California)JointJosephine,K.KDOTKPC Energy

  17. Proceedings of the 21st Seismic Research Symposium: Technologies for Monitoring The Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Warren, N. Jill

    1999-09-21

    These proceedings contain papers prepared for the 21st Seismic Research Symposium: Technologies for Monitoring The Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty, held 21-24 September 1999 in Las Vegas, Nevada. These papers represent the combined research related to ground-based nuclear explosion monitoring funded by the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA), Air Force Technical Applications Center (AFTAC), Department of Defense (DoD), the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO), and other invited sponsors. The scientific objectives of the research are to improve the United States capability to detect, locate, and identify nuclear explosions. The purpose of the meeting is to provide the sponsoring agencies, as well as potential users, an opportunity to review research accomplished during the preceding year and to discuss areas of investigation for the coming year. For the researchers, it provides a forum for the exchange of scientific information toward achieving program goals, and an opportunity to discuss results and future plans. Paper topics include: seismic regionalization and calibration; detection and location of sources; wave propagation from source to receiver; the nature of seismic sources, including mining practices; hydroacoustic, infrasound, and radionuclide methods; on-site inspection; and data processing.

  18. 2014 ended with the media turning to College of Agriculture and Life Sciences experts on headline-making stories such as New York banning fracking; the California drought; and holiday favorites, including predictions for a white

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Angenent, Lars T.

    -making stories such as New York banning fracking; the California drought; and holiday favorites, including kind to appear in the state. Christian Science Monitor:"New York State MovesTo Ban Fracking" 12 fracturing,or fracking. The Hill:"Winning theWar on Fossil Fuels" 12.09.2014 Charles Greene

  19. A Discussion of Procedures and Equipment for the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty On-Site Inspection Environmental Sampling and Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wogman, Ned A.; Milbrath, Brian D.; Payne, Rosara F.; Seifert, Carolyn E.; Friese, Judah I.; Miley, Harry S.; Bowyer, Ted W.; Hanlen, Richard C.; Onishi, Yasuo; Hayes, James C.; Wigmosta, Mark S.

    2011-02-01

    This paper is intended to serve as a scientific basis to start discussions of the available environmental sampling techniques and equipment that have been used in the past that could be considered for use within the context of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) on-site inspections (OSI). This work contains information on the techniques, equipment, costs, and some operational procedures associated with environmental sampling that have actually been used in the past by the United States for the detection of nuclear explosions. This paper also includes a discussion of issues, recommendations, and questions needing further study within the context of the sampling and analysis of aquatic materials, atmospheric gases, atmospheric particulates, vegetation, sediments and soils, fauna, and drill-back materials.

  20. Slimhole drilling and directional drilling for on-site inspections under a Comprehensive Test Ban: An initial assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heuze, F. E.

    1995-07-01

    On Site-Inspection (OSI), under the Comprehensive Test Ban being negotiated in the Conference on Disarmament in Geneva, may include drilling at the site of a suspected clandestine underground nuclear explosion to recover radioactive samples. It is in the interest of the drilling party to operate as light and compact a system as possible because it is likely that the drilling equipment will first be airlifted to the country being inspected, and then will be carried by air or surface to the inspection site. It will be necessary for the inspection party to have the capability for more than vertical drilling since there may not be a drilling site available vertically above the suspected nuclear cavity location. This means having, the ability to perform directional drilling and to obtain accurate positioning of the drilling tool. Consequently, several directions may be explored from a single surface drilling pad. If the target depth is expected to be at or less than 600 m (2000 ft), slant drilling may be required to a length well in excess of 600 m. Clearly, the operation must be designed with health and safety features to prevent radioactive exposure if the drilling encounters a nuclear source region. The DOE/LLNL community has developed a strong expertise in this regard. In this initial assessment we focus on the portability and directionality of drilling systems.

  1. Mc o Formaldehyde trong cac Nha Xe Keo do FEMA Cung cap Nhng phat hien ban au t cac Trung tam Kiem soat va Phong nga Benh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Möùc ñoä Formaldehyde trong caùc Nhaø Xe Keùo do FEMA Cung caáp Nhöõng phaùt hieän ban ñaàu töø theâm veà möùc ñoä formaldehyde trong khoâng khí beân trong caùc nhaø xe keùo vaø caùc nhaø löu ñoäng do formaldehydeÛ à ø ù ø ä ø å ï ù ä ù ù ä trong khoâ õ ù ø ù â ø û â ø û à ù ùng khí cao. Nhöng möc nay cao hôn

  2. Limited Test Ban Treaty

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Satellite Carrying NNSA-provided Nuclear Detonation Detection Sensors http:www.nnsa.energy.govmediaroompressreleasesafsatellite

  3. Drilling ban yields verdict

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nation, L.M.

    1992-01-01

    This paper briefly reviews a lawsuit which is under appeal by the State of Michigan regarding a takings claim filed over a petroleum exploration site. The dispute arose as a result of a 1987 decision by the Michigan Department of Natural Resources forbidding the property owners from developing the mineral rights leased to Miller Brothers in the Huron/Manistee National Forest. This area is bisected by a trend of Silurian Niagaran reef complexes which has a known production history throughout the State. The dunes area of the national forest has been deemed a wilderness area. As a result of the State's decision, the courts have awarded a sum of 71 million dollars to the developer to cover damages and lost resources. The reserve estimates were taken from adjacent areas which showed that the Niagaran reefs are relatively consistent in their yield.

  4. Limited Test Ban Treaty

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal GasAdministration Medal01 Sandia NationalSecurityNuclearH-canyon |I 14/%2A1/%2A

  5. Proceedings of the 22nd Annual DoD/DOE Seismic Research Symposium: Planning for Verification of and Compliance with the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nichols, James W., LTC

    2000-09-15

    These proceedings contain papers prepared for the 22nd Annual DoD/DOE Seismic Research Symposium: Planning for Verification of and Compliance with the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT), held 13-15 September 2000 in New Orleans, Louisiana. These papers represent the combined research related to ground-based nuclear explosion monitoring funded by the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA), Air Force Technical Applications Center (AFTAC), Department of Defense (DoD), US Army Space and Missile Defense Command, Defense Special Weapons Agency (DSWA), and other invited sponsors. The scientific objectives of the research are to improve the United States capability to detect, locate, and identify nuclear explosions. The purpose of the meeting is to provide the sponsoring agencies, as well as potential users, an opportunity to review research accomplished during the preceding year and to discuss areas of investigation for the coming year. For the researchers, it provides a forum for the exchange of scientific information toward achieving program goals, and an opportunity to discuss results and future plans. Paper topics include: seismic regionalization and calibration; detection and location of sources; wave propagation from source to receiver; the nature of seismic sources, including mining practices; hydroacoustic, infrasound, and radionuclide methods; on-site inspection; and data processing.

  6. Proceedings of the Symposium on the Non-Proliferation Experiment: Results and Implications for Test Ban Treaties, Rockville, Maryland, April 19-21, 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Denny, Marvin D

    1994-01-01

    To address a critical verification issue for the current Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) and for a possible future Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT), the Department of Energy sought to measure certain differences between an underground nuclear test and a chemical test in the same geology, so that other explosions could be identified. This was done in a field experiment code-named the NonProliferation Experiment (NPE).This comprehensive experiment was designed to determine the signatures of chemical explosions for a broad range of phenomena for comparison with those of previous nuclear tests. If significant differences can be measured, then these measures can be used to discriminate between the two types of explosions. In addition, when these differences are understood, large chemical explosions can be used to seismically calibrate regions to discriminate earthquakes from explosions. Toward this end, on-site and off-site measurements of transient phenomena were made, and on-site measurements of residual effects are in progress.Perhaps the most striking result was that the source function for the chemical explosion was identical to that of a nuclear one of about twice the yield. These proceedings provide more detailed results of the experiment.

  7. College of Nursing La RongeIle-a-La-Crosse

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saskatchewan, University of

    . Yellow Quill First Nation 56. Fishing Lake First Nation 57. White Bear First Nation 58. Kahkewistahaw

  8. Multicolor Fluorescent Biosensor for Multiplexed Detection of DNA Rong Hu,,,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tan, Weihong

    Engineering, College of Biology, Collaborative Innovation Center of Molecular Engineering for Theranostics 50-fold lower than that of traditional unamplified homogeneous fluorescent assay methods differences in drug metabo- lism.4,5 On the basis of their simplicity, low-cost, high sensitivity, rapid

  9. The Mercury Export Ban Act of 2008...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    * Low population density in surrounding area * No nearby major bodies of surface water * Existing rail line * Negligible to minor environmental impacts No final decision...

  10. e propose a ro ban environ

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eisert, Peter

    calculation s the horizon ge of the abs nishing line o of the other to the scene gr OR UR uhrig and Pe e viation ne the n of a in the solute of the r two round plane of th reduc Point with conta defin repre inters The inters posit minim | inters and r The VPs How fram provi coord deter coord Fig. respe corre

  11. Banning, California: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EAandAmminex AAustriaBiofuelsOpen EnergyBanks County,

  12. Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal GasAdministration Medal01 Sandia National 1 PAGE 1 OF2Guidance to the1

  13. Motor Gasoline Outlook and State MTBE Bans

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming Dry NaturalPrices1Markets See(STEO),7F e b r u aJuneOctoberJuly991

  14. La Roca Blanca de Lhang lhang - Un santuario en Nyag rong

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aguillar, Oriol

    2007-01-01

    . Aquí vió la luz sTag bla Chos grub rgya mtsho, quién manifestó los signos de realización tales como la obtención del agua de inmortalidad etc. Nació también A skar chos kyi rin chen, quién editó sin excepción volúmenes de s?tras, tantra, de las... montaña. Se trata del “agua dorada de ‘Dzam bu”, agua con fragmentos de oro con propiedades sagradas. El agua se manifestó como fuente en la llanura de g.Yang skyid, también conocida cómo la llanura de gTer mdzod (el repositorio de tesoros) posiblemente...

  15. SERA-IO: Integrating Energy Consciousness into Parallel I/O Middleware Rong Ge Xizhou Feng

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sun, Xian-He

    .ge@marquette.edu xizhou.feng@marquette.edu Xian-He Sun Department of Computer Science Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, IL sun@iit.edu Abstract--Improving energy efficiency is a primary concern in high performance on modern processors to intelligently schedule the system's power-performance mode for energy savings. We

  16. Jian-Rong (Jeff) Li | Center for Gas SeparationsRelevant to Clean Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory ofDid you notHeat Pumps HeatTechnologies | Blandine| Blandine Jerome

  17. Impact of the Balance Billing Ban on California Emergency Providers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pao, Bing; Riner, Myles; Chan, Theodore C

    2014-01-01

    enf/ 2006-0777. California ACEP Web site. Available at:Physicians (California ACEP) reimbursement committee werePhysicians (California ACEP) argued that the DMHC did not

  18. Country report on advertising and promotion bans - Croatia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hrabak-Zerbajic, Dr. Vlasta

    2004-01-01

    B, Ahlstroem S. The 1999 ESPAD Report. The Swedish CouncilAlcohol and Other Drugs (ESPAD), showing the current shiftsmokers in Croatia The ESPAD study, conducted in Croatia in

  19. SHACKLING SHORT SELLERS: THE 2008 SHORTING BAN Ekkehart Boehmer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Xiaodong

    degradation in market quality, as measured by spreads, price impacts, and intraday volatility. Prices,000 financial stocks. In this paper, we study changes in stock prices, the rate of short sales most short sales in nearly 1,000 financial stocks. In this paper, we study changes in stock prices

  20. Head of Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    (CTBTO), visited NNSA's Nevada National Security Site (NNSS) on November 23, as part of a multi-day itinerary that also included tours of national laboratories overseen by the...

  1. Advertising Bans and the Substitutability of Online and Offline Advertising

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldfarb, Avi

    The authors examine whether the growth of the Internet has reduced the effectiveness of government regulation of advertising. They combine nonexperimental variation in local regulation of offline alcohol advertising with ...

  2. The Social Costs of an MTBE Ban in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rausser, Gordon C.; Adams, Gregory D.; Montgomery, W. David; Smith, Anne E.

    2005-01-01

    California Energy Commission, Staff Report: Supply and CostCalifornia Energy Commission. Staff Report: Supply and Costthe total cost of gasoline in California. California Energy

  3. City of Banning, California (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmentalBowerbank,CammackFLIRChurch Point, Louisiana:Alpha,Augusta, Kansas

  4. Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization | National Nuclear

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouthReporteeo | National NuclearaCSGFNuclear

  5. Senate Rejects Test Ban Treaty | National Nuclear Security Administration

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal GasAdministration Medal ofNational Nuclear SecuritySecurityriver siteL,Under Budget

  6. Statute - Mercury Export Ban Act of 2008 | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OF APPLICABLE

  7. Head of Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO)

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation Current HABFESOpportunitiesNERSCGrid-based29HaiWhy Is ItHarry

  8. Limited Test Ban Treaty Signed | National Nuclear Security Administration

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACTThousand CubicResourcelogo and-E C H2015Tray and

  9. Limited Test Ban Treaty | National Nuclear Security Administration

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACTThousand CubicResourcelogo and-E C H2015Tray and| National Nuclear

  10. QoS-Assured Service Composition in Managed Service Overlay Networks Xiaohui Gu, Klara Nahrstedt Rong N. Chang, Christopher Ward

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nahrstedt, Klara

    Network (SON) SON Access Domain Service Provider: XXX.com service instance X service instance Y service

  11. Object Searchingin Scale-Space Guang-Rong Ji, Bao-Liang Lu*, Xia Chen, & Jian Wang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Bao-Liang

    an object searching method for meso-scale eddy detection in the ocean remote sensing images. The method is determined by the analysis scale and the slope of the corner's boundary. The meso-scale eddy detection

  12. Power and Energy Profiling of Scientific Applications on Distributed Systems Xizhou Feng, Rong Ge, Kirk W. Cameron

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feng, Xizhou

    to increase peak performance will lead to intolerable operating costs due to their electric power/energy hour (or $.10 per kWh), peak operation of such a petaflop machine is $10,000 per hour. Second, it leads.e. cost in power usage over time) will vary by application. For example, it costs 535 joules of energy

  13. Power and Energy Profiling of Scientific Applications on Distributed Systems Xizhou Feng, Rong Ge, Kirk W. Cameron

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ge, Rong

    to increase peak performance will lead to intolerable operating costs due to their electric power/energy hour (or $.10 per kWh), peak operation of such a petaflop machine is $10,000 per hour. Second, it leads to application characteristics. While machines require peak power at times, energy consumption (i.e. cost

  14. Energy Efficient Software-Based Self-Test for Wireless Sensor Network Nodes Rong Zhang, Zeljko Zilic Katarzyna Radecka

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zilic, Zeljko

    . Furthermore, energy consumption is a global phenomenon that depends on the precise interplay of all components-based self- test (SBST) method. Energy consumption is optimized both for individual components such as a CPU further reduces the overall test energy consumption. 1. Introduction In recent years, wireless sensor

  15. SALIENCE PRESERVING MULTI-FOCUS IMAGE FUSION Richang Hong, Chao Wang, Yong Ge, Meng Wang, Xiuqing Wu, Rong Zhang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Yu

    SALIENCE PRESERVING MULTI-FOCUS IMAGE FUSION Richang Hong, Chao Wang, Yong Ge, Meng Wang, Xiuqing multi-focus image fusion algorithm. Different from traditional decision map based methods, our algorithm datasets have demonstrated the effectiveness ofour approach. 1. INTRODUCTION Recently image fusion has

  16. Analytical modelling for ultrasonic surface mechanical attrition treatment Guan-Rong Huang, W. Y. Tsai, J. C. Huang, and Chin-Kun Hu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in AISI 316L Stainless Steel after Surface Mechanical Attrition Treatment (SMAT) AIP Conf. Proc. 1415, 28); 10.1063/1.2227669 Martensitic phase transformations in the nanostructured surface layers induced. INTRODUCTION In traditional engineering treatments, shot peening by using steel balls to bombard onto metal

  17. Bio-inspired Active Soft Orthotic Device for Ankle Foot Pathologies Yong-Lae Park, Bor-rong Chen, Diana Young, Leia Stirling,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wood, Robert

    02115. {ylpark, diana.young, leia.stirling}@wyss.harvard.edu B. Chen is with the School of Engineering, Diana Young, Leia Stirling, Robert J. Wood, Eugene Goldfield, and Radhika Nagpal Abstract-- We describe Engineering and National Science Foundation (NSF) grant CNS 0932015. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions

  18. An Empirical Investigation of the Welfare Effects of Banning Wholesale Price Discrimination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Villas-Boas, Sofia B

    2008-01-01

    largest wholesale prices (see Table 5). In the second columnManufacturers Overall Table 7: Estimated Price and Pro?t E?the wholesale price di?erences in Table 5, that Metro had

  19. The social costs of an MTBE ban in California (Long version)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rausser, Gordon C.; Adams, Gregory D.; Montgomery, W. David; Smith, Anne E.

    2002-01-01

    in federal motor fuel taxes granted to ethanol had eitherMotor Vehicles Change in Emissions (%) Change in Annual Cancer Cases Total Benefit Non-Oxy Acetaldehyde Ethanolmotor vehicle emission and fuels, as long as they are at least as stringent as the national Since ethanol

  20. Shuo Wen Jie Zi -- Dianzi Ban: Digital Recension of the Eastern Han Chinese Grammaticon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cook, Richard Jr.

    2003-01-01

    juan (12). S:6//5/5: ftb fa 4$bfb ffight R jvd Kpns. HDZ:f f plh)). azk 5$ azk ( f f bfb, $$ boa, i f c ay, kbh, iffi§j aoo, H aor, M azk, $$ bfb, F® cej, S6 dsi, Itd sj, f$l

  1. Ban on US–China space-program ties means missed opportunities for NASA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kramer, David

    2013-12-15

    Sino-US cooperation could stretch budgets and benefit both countries in space science and human flight.

  2. An Overview of Geothermal Development in Tiwi and Mak-Ban, Philippines

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Raasch, G.D.

    1980-12-16

    Commercial-scale geothermal development in the Philippines began i n 1972 with the completion of the discovery well in the southeastern portion of Luzon Island. A second geothermal anomaly was discovered i n 1975 on the southern flank of Mt . Makiling, forty miles south of Manila. Both fields are being developed and operated by Philippine Geothermal, Inc. (PGI) , a wholly-owned subsidiary of Union Oil Company of California. Currently the Philippines ranks second worldwide in installed geothermal-powered electrical generation capacity with 443 MW and PGI has developed 440 PW of the 443 MW country total. Additional generation capacity is planned or under construction in both fields. Over 1.9 billion kilowatt-hours of electrical power have been produced to date. This represents a savings of approximately three million barrels of imported fuel oil for power generation.

  3. Shuo Wen Jie Zi -- Dianzi Ban: Digital Recension of the Eastern Han Chinese Grammaticon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cook, Richard Jr.

    2003-01-01

    y \\v fsfta? 1 $ * % fi es] ngv imi n jvz jfy imi iun dpi mnaa, krt, 11 la x , f l mqf, f l ngv, S n w m , iqc). 1 chk 1o, *5lxb, |§ m ee , Mmkk, IS ngv, IS ngw, |ft nhd, S n m m ,

  4. Shuo Wen Jie Zi -- Dianzi Ban: Digital Recension of the Eastern Han Chinese Grammaticon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cook, Richard Jr.

    2003-01-01

    p s h j r z i r f n t f n j h im i j r z c a a mna 452.2 1 0j t k 452.2 2 0 j t l S: 1/ HDZ:42428.160. swad (0490n); /

  5. A Report on Smoking Advertising and Promotion Bans in The lslamic Republic of Iran

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    World Health Organization; Ministry of Health and Medical Education Deputy of Health

    2003-01-01

    increase tobacco use in the Islamic Republic of Iran.The Islamic Republic of Iran Ministry of Health and MedicalCommittee Islamic Republic of Iran World Health Organization

  6. Materials Data on BaN6 (SG:11) by Materials Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kristin Persson

    2014-11-02

    Computed materials data using density functional theory calculations. These calculations determine the electronic structure of bulk materials by solving approximations to the Schrodinger equation. For more information, see https://materialsproject.org/docs/calculations

  7. Illegal timber logging in Vietnam: Who profits from forest privatization connected with a logging ban?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Illegal timber logging in Vietnam: Who profits from forest privatization connected with a logging the distribution of income from illegal timber logging in northern Vietnam. The Vietnamese government implemented actors' control over markets and power derived from state positions. I. Introduction Vietnam's forest

  8. Refugee Reintegration in Rural Areas: Land Distribution in Ban Pha Thao, Lao PDR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ballard, Brett M.

    The successful reintegration of refugee groups in rural areas often depends on people’s access to and control over productive land resources. The acquisition of land and the preservation of secure use rights depend on ...

  9. The social costs of an MTBE ban in California (Long version)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rausser, Gordon C.; Adams, Gregory D.; Montgomery, W. David; Smith, Anne E.

    2002-01-01

    ethanol. California Energy Commission, "Supply and Cost ofCost Alternatives to MTBE in Gasoline," California EnergyCost of Alternatives to MTBE in Gasoline," California Energy

  10. Selling Desire and Dissatisfaction: Why Advertising should be banned From Bhutan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDonald, Ross

    2006-01-01

    by the improving outcomes of action alone - quarterly profits, annual sales, market share, economic growth and GNP in particular. In the market fundamentalists’ world exclusive intentions become alchemically transformed into inclusive outcomes by the magic... -aspirational identities are advertised and idealized. With media’s capture by the intent and ideology of gain, it has been transformed into a critical source of pro-market socialization. It achieves this by incessantly encouraging a delusional solution...

  11. The Birmingham City Council voted unanimously to ban texting while driv-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bedwell, David M.

    came from within," said UAB President Carol Garrison. Watts, 56, holds the John N. Whitaker Endowed in patient care and research," Garrison said. "Dr. Watts consistently has demonstrated superior leadership a successor was named. Garrison praised Rich, saying, "We are very grateful to Bob Rich for the many important

  12. The 1994 Net Ban Constitutional Amendment: a case study of marine fisheries management in Florida 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grimes, Shepherd Russell

    1996-01-01

    by Lindblom (1959) and Behn (1988) predict case events? Ostensibly, the issue of significantly restricting commercial harvest did not appear to have been very high on the administration's agenda. If this was the case, then how did it become so high...

  13. Shuo Wen Jie Zi -- Dianzi Ban: Digital Recension of the Eastern Han Chinese Grammaticon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cook, Richard Jr.

    2003-01-01

    18 gao, $Lj gbt, ft hhn, #i hho, flftibg, § jss, ISjur, MHDZ: 74760.100. 4929 330.141 hho /yo/ (081.19); hu. 1 u hhm

  14. NNSA Sites Host Head of Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJessework usesof Energy MovingAdministration Dec 1,AboutNational(CTBTO)

  15. Exploring Geometries of SRF Cavities for a Future Muon Collider

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geng, Rong-Li

    application of super- conducting RF cavities in a future muon collider. Such RF cavities are expected to workExploring Geometries of SRF Cavities for a Future Muon Collider Rong-Li Geng LEPP, Cornell

  16. SHARED SECRET KEY ESTABLISHMENT USING WIRELESS CHANNEL MEASUREMENTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patwari, Neal

    found to be satisfactory. Chair: Neal Patwari Sneha K. Kasera Rong-Rong Chen Cynthia Furse John Regehr friends among my colleagues within the SPAN lab: Yang, Dustin, Piyush, Joey and Merrick. My parents, Jerry

  17. Improving the Carbon Dioxide Emission Estimates from the Combustion of Fossil Fuels in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de la Rue du Can, Stephane

    2010-01-01

    IPP Kbbl kLBS kst kW LBNL LPG Mcf MECS MMBtu Mt MTBE MVSTAFFliquefied petroleum gas (LPG), or still gas. The secondhydrogen include natural gas, LPG, naphtha, and refinery

  18. Rapid Deployment Drilling System for on-site inspections under a Comprehensive Test Ban Preliminary Engineering Design

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maurer, W.C.; Deskins, W.G.; McDonald, W.J.; Cohen, J.H. [Maurer Engineering, Inc., Houston, TX (United States); Heuze, F.E.; Butler, M.W. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)

    1996-09-01

    While not a new drilling technology, coiled-tubing (CT) drilling continues to undergo rapid development and expansion, with new equipment, tools and procedures developed almost daily. This project was undertaken to: analyze available technological options for a Rapid Deployment Drilling System (RDDS) CT drilling system: recommend specific technologies that best match the requirements for the RDDS; and highlight any areas where adequate technological solutions are not currently available. Postshot drilling is a well established technique at the Nevada Test Site (NTS). Drilling provides essential data on the results of underground tests including obtaining samples for the shot zone, information on cavity size, chimney dimensions, effects of the event on surrounding material, and distribution of radioactivity.

  19. to damage the ozone layer in the stratosphere and are banned in developed countries. They are used as refrigerants, propellants,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huybrechts, Philippe

    CO2 from land-use change is not significant (see Table 1). Concentrations and GWPs for the six gases can be combined to yield one value expressed as million metric tons of CO2 equiva- lent to make as refrigerants, propellants, and foaming agents for plastics. Perfluorocarbons (PFCs), GWP 7

  20. (Not) Reproducing the Cultural, Racial and Embodied Other: A Feminist Response to Canada's Partial Ban on Sex Selection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deckha, Maneesha

    2007-01-01

    Human Reproduction Act in its Infertility Treatment Act.See Infertility Treatment Act, 1995, § 50 (Vict. Consol.

  1. A Proposal in Hindsight: Restoring Copyright's Delicate Balance by Reworking 17 U.S.C. § 1201

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hurwitz, Daniel S.

    2006-01-01

    be described as the ban on hacking into an access controll (hereinafter "access hacking"); the ban on trafficking inhereinafter "trafficking Access Hacking Ban The first of the

  2. LINKING REGIONAL SEISMIC AND INFRASOUND OBSERVATIONS TO MINING PRACTICESBrian Stump, Chris Hayward, Rong-Mao Zhou, Mihan House and David Anderson In-Mine Seismic and Infrasound Regional Seismic Regional Infrasound

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stump, Brian W.

    ) MaximumalAmplitude(x10-6cm/s) TUC Surface Waves (0.25-0.5 Hz) surface delay downhole delay USGS Mine Event) in a Wyoming coal mine. A series of single-fired and contained explosions of varying yields (yellow circlesLINKING REGIONAL SEISMIC AND INFRASOUND OBSERVATIONS TO MINING PRACTICESBrian Stump, Chris Hayward

  3. A Novel Construction of Genome Space with Biological Geometry CHENGLONG Yu1, QIAN Liang2, CHANGCHUAN Yin2, RONG L. He3, and STEPHEN S.-T. Yau2,*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Chenglong

    A Novel Construction of Genome Space with Biological Geometry CHENGLONG Yu1, QIAN Liang2 A genome space is a moduli space of genomes. In this space, each point corresponds to a genome. The natural distance between two points in the genome space reflects the biological distance between these two genomes

  4. Controlled CVD Growth and Solar Cell Applications of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes Shigeo Maruyama1, Kehang Cui1, Takaaki Chiba1, Hua An1, Rong Xiang1, Shohei Chiashi1, Yutaka Matsuo2,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maruyama, Shigeo

    Controlled CVD Growth and Solar Cell Applications of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes Shigeo Maruyama for the applications of SWNT/Si solar cells [1, 2], organic bulk heterojunction solar cells, dye-sensitized solar cells and perovskite-type solar cells. Highly transparent-conductive SWNT films from controlled bundle

  5. Understanding the Rate of Clean Up for Oil Zones after a Gel Treatment R.S. Seright, SPE, New Mexico Petroleum Recovery Research Center, W. Brent Lindquist, SPE, and Rong Cai,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New York at Stoney Brook, State University of

    SPE 112976 Understanding the Rate of Clean Up for Oil Zones after a Gel Treatment R.S. Seright, SPE at the 2008 SPE Improved Oil Recovery Symposium held in Tulsa, Oklahoma, U.S.A., 19­23 April 2008. This paper to establish why pore-filling Cr(III)-acetate- HPAM gels reduced permeability to water much more than to oil

  6. Ab initio calculations of the thermodynamics and phase diagram of zirconium Yan-Jun Hao,1,2,* Lin Zhang,1, Xiang-Rong Chen,2 Ling-Cang Cai,1 Qiang Wu,1 and Dario Alf3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alfè, Dario

    Ab initio calculations of the thermodynamics and phase diagram of zirconium Yan-Jun Hao,1,2,* Lin, zirconium has been broadly applied in aerospace, medical, and nuclear fields due to their high strength and electronic tran- sitions in group IV transition metal materials.2 The thermodynamic properties of zirconium

  7. Variation of Pore Metrics in Metal-Organic Frameworks for Enhanced Storage and Catalytic Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Jonathan Ward

    2015-01-01

    Hongfang Li, and Rong Cao. Palladium nanoparticles supportedof the active species in palladium catalyzed mizoroki–heckBeller. Recent applications of palladium- catalyzed coupling

  8. Journal of Molecular Structure 833 (2007) 8897 www.elsevier.com/locate/molstruc

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Jing

    2007-01-01

    histidine Yu Xie a , Hao-Han Wu a , Guo-Ping Yong a , Zhi-Yong Wang a,¤ , Rong Fan b , Rui-Peng Li b , Guo

  9. A Unified Framework for Optimizing Linear Nonregenerative Multicarrier MIMO Relay Communication Systems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rong, Yue; Tang, Xiaojun; Hua, Yingbo

    2009-01-01

    MIMO RELAY COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS [25] S. M. Kay,MIMO RELAY COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS Fig. 4. Example 3: BERMIMO Relay Communication Systems Yue Rong, Member, IEEE,

  10. Tim Galarneau: Activist and Researcher

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rabkin, Sarah

    2010-01-01

    bans in the state of California to ban GMO production andsale of GMO seeds. Tim Galarneau Another group was concerned

  11. Coaxial Si/anodic titanium oxide/Si nanotube arrays for lithium-ion battery anode

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Chongwu

    Nano Res 1 Coaxial Si/anodic titanium oxide/Si nanotube arrays for lithium-ion battery anode Titanium Oxide / Si Nanotube Arrays for Lithium-ion Battery Anode JiepengRong,,§Xin Fang Oxide / Si Nanotube Arrays for Lithium-ion Battery Anode Jiepeng Rong,1,§ Xin Fang,1,§ Mingyuan Ge,1

  12. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 137: 894907, April 2011 B Upscale feedback of high-frequency winds to ENSO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Tim

    2011 B Upscale feedback of high-frequency winds to ENSO Xinyao Rong,a Renhe Zhang,a* Tim Lib 100081, China. E-mail: renhe@cams.cma.gov.cn The impact of the high-frequency (HF, Online Library 10 May 2011 Citation: Rong X, Zhang R, Li T, Su J. 2011. Upscale feedback of high-frequency

  13. FED, the Font "EDitor" and Font Formats

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, Joseph D.

    This memo describes FED, a program used for compiling and inspecting fonts: AST font format, a text format which can be used to create and edit fonts: and KST font format, the binary format used by SCRIMP, TJ6, and PUB.

  14. Instant HR April 22, 2015 TOPIC: Time-Sensitive Update to Governor's Executive Order to "Ban the Box" on Virginia State

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammack, Richard

    to a criminal history records check. PLEASE NOTE: applicants cannot start work at VCU until the background check questions regarding criminal history from the state employment application. The Order directs that criminal history will not be a determining factor in employment decisions, unless an individual's criminal history

  15. ASPIRE Department and Space Coordinator Information* Now that you are an ASPIRE space coordinator, you will need access to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Information Systems) For access to Employee Directory: ban_hr_gensel_basic_c For access to Salary and other related employee information: ban_hr_gensel_secure_c For access to salary, benefits, & deductions: ban

  16. Medical Denialism: Where Must Society Draw the Line?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mally, Alison H

    2015-01-01

    Phil M.D. Banning of Peanuts in schools. American Academy ofask-the-expert/banning-peanuts-in- schools.aspx ( accessed35. Associated Press. Schools’ peanut bans spark backlash.

  17. Abundance and ecological implications of microplastic debris in the North Pacific Subtropical Gyre

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldstein, Miriam Chanita

    2012-01-01

    Our Shores. 2011. Banning Styrofoam Take-Out Containers.what-we-do/banning-styrofoam- containers.php. Sea Educationconsumer goods such as “Styrofoam” coffee cups. Polyethylene

  18. Demographic and Behavioral Sciences Branch (DBSB)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rau, Don C.

    -growing region. (Full map shown here middle right.) Radiating lines from each of two villages in Nang Rong, Thailand, show the location of the plots farmed by residents. These lines are superimposed on inundation

  19. Exchange Bias Driven by the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya Interaction and Ferroelectric Polarization at G-Type Antiferromagnetic Perovskite Interfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tennessee, University of

    -Type Antiferromagnetic Perovskite Interfaces Shuai Dong,1,2,3 Kunihiko Yamauchi,4 Seiji Yunoki,5,6 Rong Yu,1,2 Shuhua interaction and ferroelectric polarization, for the explanation of exchange bias effects in perovskites

  20. l\\t!~~''!l!_t~ii~sJ1'-i\\11le~;:~@1~J:>.ii!l[~!123l""' Interpretation of the ldeological Content and Ornamental Value about

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ............................................ · Lin Qing-zhe (70) Textual Research of The Textual Research on the Figure of Yang Xùm Sand Pot and Casting Remains in Iron Workshop .. .. .. .. .... .. .. .... .... .. .. .. Zhong Jian-rong, Chen Jian

  1. The Origin, Evolution and Current Status High Performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prabhakar, Balaji

    next week ­ Rong will present the remaining benchmark tests at Los Gatos #12;3 QCN: Evolution Summary at Los Gatos #12;5 Universal stability · Worth understanding universal stability some more... · AIMD

  2. ORIGINAL ARTICLE High-coverage proteome analysis reveals the first insight

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tian, Weidong

    Nie1 , Xiao Chang1 , Bao-Yu Hu3 , Quan-Hu Sheng1 , Lian-Shui Wang1 , Zhi-Bin Ning1 , Yi-Xue Li1 , Xiao-Kui Guo3 , Guo-Ping Zhao4 , Rong Zeng1 1 Key Laboratory of Systems Biology, Institute of Biochemistry Tech Park, Shanghai 201203, China Correspondence: Rong Zenga , Guo-Ping Zhaob a E-mail: zr@sibs.ac.cn b

  3. Oligopoly Structure and the Incidence of Cigarette Excise Taxes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barnett, Paul G.; Keeler, Theodore E.; Hu, Teh-wei

    1992-01-01

    Adult population Advertising expenditures Broadcast ban Fairness doctrine Surgen General's report Wholesale

  4. 2/1/2014 Progressive Charlestown: Illegal in Charlestown without a Special Use Permit. Seriously. http://www.progressive-charlestown.com/2014/01/illegal-in-charlestown-without-special.html 1/7

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chiao, Jung-Chih

    effectively banning any device that converts wind into energy. Small wind generators (under 5 KW) can

  5. A low power, reconfigurable fabric body area network for healthcare applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Desai, Nachiket Venkappayya

    2012-01-01

    Body Area Networks (BANs) are gaining prominence for their capability to revolutionize medical monitoring, diagnosis and treatment. This thesis describes a BAN that uses conductive fabrics (e-textiles) worn by the user to ...

  6. WHO report on the global tobacco epidemic, 2015: Raising taxes on tobacco

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    World Health Organization

    2015-01-01

    Estimates not available Comoros adveRtIsIng bans: bans onRepublic XOF Chad ** XAF Comoros KMF Congo ** XAF CôteAfrican Republic Chad Comoros Congo Côte d'Ivoire Democratic

  7. Finding a Middle Ground in the Protection of Underwater Cultural Heritage 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gongaware, Laura Lynn

    2013-12-10

    The 2001 UNESCO Convention on the Protection of the Underwater Cultural Heritage bans the commercial exploitation of underwater cultural heritage. Despite this ban, “commercial exploitation” is not formally defined in the ...

  8. WHO report on the global tobacco epidemic, 2015: Raising taxes on tobacco

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    World Health Organization

    2015-01-01

    yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, and West Bank and Gazaformer Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia adveRtIsIng bans: bansYugoslav Republic of Macedonia ** ALL EUR AMD EUR AZN BYR

  9. Blood and Sand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Avila, Alicia

    2013-01-01

    corruption scandals. In the fall 2011, PVEM drafted a piece of legislation to ban bullfights in Mexico

  10. THEUNIVERSITYOFTOLEDOCOLLEGEOFLAWTOLEDO,OHIO A B O U T T H E P R O G R A M

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Azad, Abdul-Majeed

    , such as beneficial reuse. Fracking Bans and State Preemption Shale oil and gas development has been booming in recent

  11. PUBLISHED OCCASIONALLY BY THE FRIENDS OF THE BANCROFT LIBRARY UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, BERKELEY 4, CALIFORNIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    of manuscript and book collecting. Through his interest, the ac- quisition of Mormon materials by the Ban- croft

  12. Testing the Accuracy and Stability of Spectral Methods in Numerical Relativity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michael Boyle; Lee Lindblom; Harald Pfeiffer; Mark Scheel; Lawrence E. Kidder

    2007-10-02

    The accuracy and stability of the Caltech-Cornell pseudospectral code is evaluated using the KST representation of the Einstein evolution equations. The basic "Mexico City Tests" widely adopted by the numerical relativity community are adapted here for codes based on spectral methods. Exponential convergence of the spectral code is established, apparently limited only by numerical roundoff error. A general expression for the growth of errors due to finite machine precision is derived, and it is shown that this limit is achieved here for the linear plane-wave test. All of these tests are found to be stable, except for simulations of high amplitude gauge waves with nontrivial shift.

  13. PACIFIC NORTHWEST NATIONAL LABORATORY'S CENTER FOR GLOBAL SECURITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the Treaty The Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty puts a cap on the development of nuclear weapons by banning nuclear weapon testing. The Treaty Organization will verify the ban on nuclear tests, operatingHOSTED BY: · PACIFIC NORTHWEST NATIONAL LABORATORY'S CENTER FOR GLOBAL SECURITY · THE NUCLEAR

  14. Publication List Michael J Cooney 2015 Bandlamudi, S, Cooney, M. J., Martin, G., and K. M. Benjamin. Molecular modeling of ionic liquid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Cooney . High rate anaerobic digestion of wastewater separated from grease trap. Journal of Renewable a hybrid anaerobic digester-microbial fuel cell integrated energy recovery system: An overview Lamichhane, K. M., Lewis, W. K., Wang, J. J., Rong, K. C., and Michael J. Cooney . Anaerobic treatment

  15. doi:10.1128/MCB.00782-09. Biol. 30(11):2621-2635.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Cohen,4 Jack Taunton,4 Robert C. Smart,5 Zhen Xiao,6 Li-Rong Yu,6 Timothy D. Veenstra,6 and Peter F in DNA binding, Ser273 phosphorylation also creates an interhelical g7e salt bridge with Lys268

  16. A Latent Model to Detect Multiple Spatial Clusters with Application in a Mobile Sensor Network for Surveillance of Nuclear Materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    devastating, and the global proliferation of nuclear weapon technology has made the threat increasingly serious. The U.S. government has made significant efforts to curb nuclear proliferation. In spite of many for Surveillance of Nuclear Materials Jerry Cheng, Minge Xie, Rong Chen and Fred Roberts1 Abstract Nuclear attacks

  17. Emergence, Evolution and Scaling of Online Social Le-Zhi Wang1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lai, Ying-Cheng

    -Hai Rong3 , Xiao-Fan Wang4 , Ying-Cheng Lai1,5 * 1 School of Electrical, Computer and Energy Engineering unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source of the manuscript. Competing Interests: The authors have declared that no competing interests exist. * Email

  18. Impact of Atlantic multidecadal oscillations on India/Sahel rainfall and Atlantic hurricanes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Impact of Atlantic multidecadal oscillations on India/Sahel rainfall and Atlantic hurricanes Rong; published 9 September 2006. [1] Prominent multidecadal fluctuations of India summer rainfall, Sahel summer their mechanism(s) will have enormous social and economic implications. We first use statistical analyses to show

  19. JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE IV Colloque C8, suppl6ment a u Journal d e Physique I, Volume 3, dkcembre 1993

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Absolute calibration of small angle neutron scatteringdata using strong coherent scattering D.D. LEE, J illustrate how st,rong coherent scattering can be used t o experi~nentallynieasure the incident neutron bean1~mentsavailable to the general scientific conununity increases, small angle neutron scattering (SANS) is an ever more popular

  20. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ANTENNAS AND PROPAGATION, VOL. 59, NO. 11, NOVEMBER 2011 4209 A Novel Multiband Planar Antenna for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tentzeris, Manos

    Multiband Planar Antenna for GSM/UMTS/LTE/Zigbee/RFID Mobile Devices Ting Zhang, RongLin Li, Senior Member of global-operability RFID readers and RFID-enabled wireless sensors Zigbee-based controllers in state operating bands that effectively cover the GSM/UMTS/LTE/Zigbee/RFID oper- ations in mobile de

  1. Introduction to Artificial Intelligence Neural Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qu, Rong

    Introduction to Artificial Intelligence (G51IAI) Dr Rong Qu Neural Networks #12;G51IAI ­ Introduction to AI Neural Networks Chapter 20 ­ Artificial Intelligence : A Modern Approach (AIMA) Russell ­ Introduction to AI Neural Networks More precisely: Artificial Neural Networks Simulating, on a computer, what

  2. Time-synchronized Clustering of Gene Expression Trajectories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Müller, Hans-Georg

    Time-synchronized Clustering of Gene Expression Trajectories RONG TANG Division of Biostatistics, USA ABSTRACT Current clustering methods are routinely applied to gene expression time course data at different rates, successful clustering in this context requires dealing with varying time and shape patterns

  3. Homochiral metalorganic coordination networks from L-typtophan , Ying Yan a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Jing

    a , Guo-Ping Yong a , Yong Cui a , Zhi-Yong Wang a,*, Long Pan b , Jing Li b,*, Rong Fan c , Rui-Peng Li c , Yang-Chao Tian c , Guo-Qiang Pan c , Liu-Si Sheng c , Xing Li d a Hefei National Laboratory

  4. Investigating the Performance of Solar Air Conditioning Motivation/Background Findings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sun, Yu

    Investigating the Performance of Solar Air Conditioning Motivation/Background Findings Two Building-thermal collectors We investigated 3 types of solar cooling technologies: · Air conditioning consumes 10% of all Team Members: Jing Cong Chen, Rong Xiang, Chen Ma, Wen Jie Li · Results demonstrate that solar air

  5. A Multifunctional 3D Ferroelectric and NLO-Active Porous Metal-Organic Zhengang Guo,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Jing

    A Multifunctional 3D Ferroelectric and NLO-Active Porous Metal-Organic Framework Zhengang Guo, Rong, second-order nonlinear optical (NLO) materials have also undergone rapid development owing of Structural Chemistry, Fujian Institute of Research on the Structure of Matter, Chinese Academy of Sciences

  6. Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes and Graphene as Highly Efficient Hole Extraction and Transport Layer for Solar Cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maruyama, Shigeo

    for Solar Cells Shigeo Maruyama, Kehang Cui, Takaaki Chiba, Xiao Chen, Rong Xiang, Shohei Chiashi Department in various kinds of solar cells [1-4]. We found out that three-dimensional honeycomb structured SWNTs was also demonstrated in perovskite solar cells [3] and organic solar cells [4] with high PCE. More

  7. Structuring Measurements for Modeling and the Deployment of Industrial Wireless Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zilic, Zeljko

    . Replacing wired units with wireless sensor network (WSN) nodes offers more flexibility, and ultimately coverage during its deployment. Wireless networking devices are inherently power-limited, which limits1 Structuring Measurements for Modeling and the Deployment of Industrial Wireless Networks Rong

  8. Viral genome phylogeny based on LempelZiv complexity and Hausdorff distance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Chenglong

    Viral genome phylogeny based on Lempel­Ziv complexity and Hausdorff distance Chenglong Yu a , Rong between two sequences. Use Hausdorff distance (HD) to analyze multi-segmented viral genomes. Use a modified Hausdorff distance (MHD) to analyze multi-segmented viral genomes. Take the multi

  9. Ethan Burns (UNH) Heuristic Search for Multi-Core 1 / 25 Best-First Heuristic Search for Multi-Core Machines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruml, Wheeler

    Ethan Burns (UNH) Heuristic Search for Multi-Core ­ 1 / 25 Best-First Heuristic Search for Multi-Core Machines Ethan Burns1, Seth Lemons1, Rong Zhou2 and Wheeler Ruml1 1 2 [NSF grant IIS-0812141] #12 Evaluation Conclusion Ethan Burns (UNH) Heuristic Search for Multi-Core ­ 2 / 25 Now we're into the explicit

  10. Ethan Burns (UNH) Heuristic Search for Multi-core 1 / 38 Suboptimal and Anytime Heuristic Search

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruml, Wheeler

    Ethan Burns (UNH) Heuristic Search for Multi-core ­ 1 / 38 Suboptimal and Anytime Heuristic Search on Multi-core Machines Ethan Burns1, Seth Lemons1, Wheeler Ruml1 and Rong Zhou2 1 2 [Many thanks to NSF Suboptimal Search Anytime Search Conclusion Ethan Burns (UNH) Heuristic Search for Multi-core ­ 2 / 38

  11. Ethan Burns (UNH) Abstraction in Multicore Heuristic Search 1 / 31 Parallel Best-First Search: The Role of Abstraction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruml, Wheeler

    Ethan Burns (UNH) Abstraction in Multicore Heuristic Search ­ 1 / 31 Parallel Best-First Search: The Role of Abstraction Ethan Burns1, Sofia Lemons1, Wheeler Ruml1 and Rong Zhou2 1 2 [Many thanks to NSF s Best-first Search s Parallel Search PRA* PBNF Optimal Search Suboptimal Search Conclusion Ethan Burns

  12. Docking Unbound Proteins Using Shape Complementarity, Desolvation, and Electrostatics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weng, Zhiping

    Docking Unbound Proteins Using Shape Complementarity, Desolvation, and Electrostatics Rong Chen1 A comprehensive docking study was performed on 27 distinct protein-protein com- plexes. For 13 test systems space without any knowledge of the binding sites was performed for all proteins except nine antibodies

  13. A PRECISION MEASUREMENT OF Xe ELECTRIC DIPOLE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walsworth, Ronald L.

    possible. First is my thesis advisor, Timothy Chupp, who has done so much to keep me going in the right, Shenq-Rong, and Jon. All of them graciously made time to help me solve problems with my system. I am limits on the CP-violating parameters of the Standard Model and its ex- tensions. Two species of noble

  14. Test-Cost Sensitive Classification on Data with Missing Values

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Qiang

    values on several data sets. Index Terms--Cost-sensitive learning, decision trees, naive Bayes. æ 1Test-Cost Sensitive Classification on Data with Missing Values Qiang Yang, Senior Member, IEEE, Charles Ling, Xiaoyong Chai, and Rong Pan Abstract--In the area of cost-sensitive learning, inductive

  15. Energy Impact of Secure Computation on a Handheld Device Zhiyuan Li

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Zhiyuan

    Energy Impact of Secure Computation on a Handheld Device Zhiyuan Li Rong Xu Department of Computer is an important approach to save the energy consumption while improving perfor- mance for wireless networked security to the wireless network changes the relative cost of computation and commu- nication

  16. Solution Ionic Strength Engineering as a Generic Strategy to Coat Graphene Oxide (GO)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Chongwu

    Functional Particles and Its Application in High-Performance Lithium- Sulfur (Li-S) Batteries Jiepeng Rong characterizations (Figure 3) and battery measurements (Figure 4) were all carried out on sulfur/GO core. SEM images of GO dried directly from (a) 1 M HCl solution, and (b) 1 M NH3·H2O solution. Both scale

  17. The Phonology and Morphosyntax of Kol

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henson, Bonnie

    2007-01-01

    w e ll. banda aux. bandald beb bed PL m o m p e d . n. 9/6.be PL mobe. n. 9/6. w rong. bataba bi d oor. -bi beb n. sc affo ld in g . beb bee num. bela bi s e c o n d (o r d in a l

  18. Constraint Logic Programming Overview of CP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qu, Rong

    G53CLP Constraint Logic Programming Overview of CP Dr Rong Qu #12;G53CLP ­ Constraint Logic Programming Dr. R Qu 2 Computer Programs a collection of source code and libraries which have been compiled and interactive tasks with data. - Wikipedia #12;3 Programming Paradigms Procedural Sequences of instructions

  19. Introduction to Artificial Intelligence An Introduction to Data Mining

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qu, Rong

    Introduction to Artificial Intelligence G51IAI An Introduction to Data Mining #12; Introduce a range of data mining techniques used in AI systems including : · Neural networks · Decision trees · ... Present some real life data mining applications. 2 Learning Objectives Dr Rong Qu G51IAI ­ Data Mining #12

  20. Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology Vol. 27 No. 3, P. 600-606, 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Tim

    Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology Vol. 27 No. 3, P. 600-606, 2009 DOI: 10.1007/s00343 Jingzhi (),,** , ZHANG Renhe () , LI Tim , RONG Xinyao () Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences, Beijing 100081, China Nansen-Zhu International Research Centre, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese

  1. High dimensional Apollonian networks Zhongzhi Zhang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fertin, Guillaume

    High dimensional Apollonian networks Zhongzhi Zhang Institute of Systems Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, Liaoning, China E-mail: dlutzzz063@yahoo.com.cn Francesc Comellas@lina.univ-nantes.fr Lili Rong Institute of Systems Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, Liaoning

  2. Depletion-induced surface alignment of asymmetric diblock copolymer in selective solvents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Depletion-induced surface alignment of asymmetric diblock copolymer in selective solvents Rong Wang online 31 July 2008 Phase separation of asymmetric diblock copolymer near surfaces in selective solvents. The walls strongly affect the phase separation of block copolymer in selective solvent, and the depletion

  3. Balanced Codon Usage Optimizes Eukaryotic Translational Efficiency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Jianzhi

    Balanced Codon Usage Optimizes Eukaryotic Translational Efficiency Wenfeng Qian1 , Jian-Rong Yang1, Guangzhou, China Abstract Cellular efficiency in protein translation is an important fitness determinant and that translational efficiency is maximized by the exclusive use of rapidly translated codons. Here we estimate

  4. IBM Research TRECVID-2004 Video Retrieval System Arnon Amir3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Shih-Fu

    IBM Research TRECVID-2004 Video Retrieval System Arnon Amir3 , Janne O Argillander2 , Marco Berg3 , Rong Yan1 , Donqing Zhang1 1 IBM T. J. Watson Research Center 19 Skyline Drive Hawthorne, NY 10532 2 IBM T. J. Watson Research Center Yorktown Heights, NY 10598 3 IBM Almaden Research Center 650 Harry Rd

  5. Scanning Tunneling Microscopy and Surface Simulation of Zinc-Blende GaN(001) Intrinsic 4 Reconstruction: Linear Gallium Tetramers?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reconstruction: Linear Gallium Tetramers? Hamad A. AL-Brithen, Rong Yang, Muhammad B. Haider, Costel Constantin and occupied states, in agreement with surface simulations based on the 4 1 linear tetramer model the existence of linear Ga tetramers. DOI: PACS numbers: 68.35.Bs, 68.37.Ef, 73.20.At Based on both fundamental

  6. Hyper-heuristics Course Introduction 1 Summer School Course, Istanbul Technical University, 31st Jul 3rd Aug 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qu, Rong

    st Jul ­ 3rd Aug 2007 Hyper-heuristic Research in ASAP Group Course Introduction Dr Rong Qu & Dr Technical University, 31st Jul ­ 3rd Aug 2007 ASAP Group, The University of Nottingham #12;2 Hyper-heuristics ­ Course Introduction 3 Summer School Course, Istanbul Technical University, 31st Jul ­ 3rd Aug 2007 · Part

  7. Supercomputing Comes of Age

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feng, Xizhou

    Green Supercomputing Comes of Age Wu-chun Feng, Xizhou Feng, and Rong Ge Energy-efficient (green started exploring green supercomputing as a way to achieve au- tonomic energy and power savings and the Department of Energy, conducted a study that found 97 per- cent of businesses could not compete (or exist

  8. INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS PUBLISHING PHYSICS IN MEDICINE AND BIOLOGY Phys. Med. Biol. 50 (2005) 40754086 doi:10.1088/0031-9155/50/17/011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aguilar, Guillermo

    2005-01-01

    element models for simulating thermal responses to laser irradiation in discrete vessels Rong Zhang1 , Wim (MC) models have been used to simulate light distribution in multilayered human skin with or without the total light energy depositions that are solved from the DA and MC models in the epidermis and vessels

  9. Approval Sheet Title of Dissertation: Semantically-Linked Bayesian Networks: A

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peng, Yun

    of Computer Science and Electrical Engineering Date Approved: __________________ #12;Curriculum Vitae Name. Submitted to the 18th IEEE International Conference on Tools with Artificial Intelligence (ICTAI06). Rong. In Proceedings of the Fourth International Semantic Web Conference (ISWC2005), Galway, Ireland, November 2005

  10. Drug-Initiated Ring-Opening Polymerization of OCarboxyanhydrides for the Preparation of Anticancer Drug-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cheng, Jianjun

    Drug-Initiated Ring-Opening Polymerization of OCarboxyanhydrides for the Preparation of Anticancer Drug- Poly(Ocarboxyanhydride) Nanoconjugates Qian Yin, Rong Tong,, Yunxiang Xu, Kwanghyun Baek of polymer-drug conjugates for nanoparticulate drug delivery: hydroxyl-containing drug (e.g., camptothecin

  11. Understanding the Interaction between Interests, Conversations and Friendships in Facebook

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Understanding the Interaction between Interests, Conversations and Friendships in Facebook Qirong the Interaction between Interests, Conversations and Friendships in Facebook Qirong Ho Rong Yan Rajat Raina Eric P 15213 Facebook, 10 Hacker Way, Menlo Park CA 94025 Abstract In this paper, we explore salient questions

  12. The synthesis, characterization and electroluminescent properties of zinc(II) complexes for single-layer organic light-emitting diodes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Jing

    reserved. 1. Introduction Organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) are making significant advances in flat are in commercial volume production [3]. In a typical OLED, a hole transporter, an electron transporter, and a light-layer organic light-emitting diodes He-Ping Zeng a,*, Guang-Rong Wang a , Gong-Chang Zeng c , Jing Li a

  13. `TVLSI-00029-2003.R1 An Analytical Model for Predicting the Remaining Battery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pedram, Massoud

    `TVLSI-00029-2003.R1 1 An Analytical Model for Predicting the Remaining Battery Capacity of Lithium-Ion Batteries Peng Rong, Student Member, IEEE and Massoud Pedram, Fellow, IEEE Abstract -- Predicting the residual energy of the battery source that powers a portable electronic device is imperative in designing

  14. Battery-Aware Power Management Based on Markovian Decision Processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pedram, Massoud

    1 Battery-Aware Power Management Based on Markovian Decision Processes Peng Rong and Massoud Pedram the problem of maximizing capacity utilization of the battery power source in a portable electronic system under latency and loss rate constraints. First, a detailed stochastic model of a power-managed, battery

  15. Battery-Aware Power Management Based on Markovian Decision Processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pedram, Massoud

    Battery-Aware Power Management Based on Markovian Decision Processes Peng Rong Massoud Pedram prong the problem of maximizing the utilization of the battery capacity of the power source for a portable electronic system under a given performance constraint. A new stochastic model of a power-managed battery

  16. State Restrictions on Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether (released in AEO2006)

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2006-01-01

    By the end of 2005, 25 states had barred, or passed laws banning, any more than trace levels of methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) in their gasoline supplies, and legislation to ban MTBE was pending in 4 others. Some state laws address only MTBE; others also address ethers such as ethyl tertiary butyl ether (ETBE) and tertiary amyl methyl ether (TAME). Annual Energy Outlook 2006 assumes that all state MTBE bans prohibit the use of all ethers for gasoline blending.

  17. Daily news from Vietnam's most popular Online Magazine Includes world national sports business VnExpress Vietnam News Daily Economy Online Internet Magazine Gateway IXP ISP ICP FPT Portal Tin nhanh Cap nhat Bao Dien tu Vietbao TinViet VietNews Mua Ban Rao

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lummaa, Virpi

    ), s ph n có con gi m 25%. Còn v i nh ng ng i ã có con, thì s con trung bình cng ít hn 2 so v i nh ng ph n có ch (em gái) song sinh. Ngoài ra, khi phân tích các d li u t th k 18 và 19, các nhà khoa h c cng bao g m c vi c ít có kh nng k t hôn hn cng nh kh nng sinh s n kém hn". Các nhà nghiên c u ph ng oán ó

  18. The eyes of the media were firmly fixed upon food this June and College of Agriculture and Life Sciences' experts were on-hand to speak to the trans fat ban, native bees pollinating our crops, food waste, global hunger, consumers'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Angenent, Lars T.

    featured in theWashington Post, CNET,UPI,and more. WIRED:"Fracking's Problems Go DeeperThanWater Pollution of fracking return fluids. Ithaca Journal:"Cornell's Second Corpse Plant in Bloom" 06.17.2015 Keeper

  19. Conquerors, immigrants, exiles : the Spanish diaspora in the United States (1848-1948)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Varela-Lago, Ana Maria

    2008-01-01

    de Couto, La verdad, 85. Spanish governments and authoritieswhen, in 1925, the Spanish government decided to change thesuggested that the Spanish government issue a temporary ban

  20. Achieving California’s Land Use and Transportation Greenhouse Gas Emission Targets Under AB 32: An Exploration of Potential Policy Processes and Mechanisms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shaheen, Susan A.; Bejamin-Chung, Jade; Allen, Denise; Howe-Steiger, Linda

    2009-01-01

    vehicles banned, increases in bioethanol fuels in Brazil andU.S. : decreased tax on bioethanol fuel; E85 blends eligible

  1. Analysis of Minimum Efficiency Performance Standards for Residential General Service Lighting in Chile

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Letschert, Virginie E.

    2012-01-01

    Standard for Residential Lighting in Chile, 2010 USResidential General Service Lighting in Chile Virginie E.focus on a regulation for lighting that would ban the sale

  2. Livermore scientist, engineers train to be inspectors for test...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    scientist, engineers train to be inspectors for test ban treaty organization | National Nuclear Security Administration Facebook Twitter Youtube Flickr RSS People Mission Managing...

  3. A new era of nuclear test verification

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Auer, Matthias; Prior, Mark K.

    2014-09-01

    The global network of sensors commissioned to monitor compliance with the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty has proven capable of that task and more.

  4. Employment Discrimination Based on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in Kentucky

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mallory, Christy; Sears, Brad

    2015-01-01

    applies in cases of discrimination based on race, religion,Hold Hearing on Bill to Ban Discrimination Based on Sexualof sexual orientation discrimination complaints. See

  5. Maryland – Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Law and Documentation of Discrimination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sears, Brad

    2009-01-01

    Institute Employment Discrimination Report who served forregarding sexual orientation discrimination. While 60%Maryland favored a ban on discrimination against gay men and

  6. Civil Wars With or Without an End: Postwar Violence and Civil War Recurrence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Omae, Masahiro

    2012-01-01

    Power, People, and Internal War in South Asia. London:Were Not Banned Militants: 'War Crime' Condemned as Rulingand Grievance in Civil War. ’’ Oxford Economic Papers 56 (

  7. Advertising Entertainment: Can Government Regulate the Advertising of Fully-Protected Speech Consistent with the First Amendment?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kole, Tara

    2002-01-01

    1986). ENTERTAINING ADVERTISING lated which neighborhoods inholding that a ban on advertising for casino gambling wouldAdvertising Entertainment: Can Government Regulate the

  8. Assessing Vehicle Electricity Demand Impacts on California Electricity Supply

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCarthy, Ryan W.

    2009-01-01

    generator in California Power Plant Generating Costsplants in California and 1195 power plants collectively inbe banned in California, and they those power plants are not

  9. Three approaches to economical photovoltaics: conformal Cu2S, organic luminescent films, and PbSe nanocrystal superlattices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carbone, Ian Anthony

    2013-01-01

    keep shale ban until fracking alternative emerges. Business-farmers see threat from fracking. The New York Times,Agbroko. S.Africa imposes fracking moratorium in karoo.

  10. Impact of Renewable Fuels Standard/MTBE Provisions of S. 517 Requested by Sens. Daschle & Murkowski

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2002-01-01

    Additional analysis of the impact of the Renewable Fuels Standard (RFS) and methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) ban provisions of S. 517.

  11. Let’s keep it clean, clear cut and strong BY MICHAEL WOLINETZ AND JONN AXSEN, SPECIAL TO THE VANCOUVER SUN SEPTEMBER 24, 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    TO THE VANCOUVER SUN SEPTEMBER 24, 2014 United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon is challenging more than 100

  12. Data-Semantics Driven Power Optimization of Wireless Medical Monitoring Devices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goudar, Vishwatma Arun

    2013-01-01

    in Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) performance and applicationsignificantly more sensors than a WSN node. Further, as wehave also migrated from WSN to BAN applications, al- beit in

  13. NNSA Labs host U.S. and Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Head of Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO) Preparatory Commission Visits NNSA's Nevada National Security Site (NNSS) for First Time NNSA sites take home 15...

  14. Bay Area national labs team to tackle long-standing automotive...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Head of Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO) Preparatory Commission Visits NNSA's Nevada National Security Site (NNSS) for First Time NNSA sites take home 15...

  15. Knowledge Networks and Science Data December 7, 2012, AGU12 IN54A-02.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Dawn Jeannine

    information Demand side management Voluntary agreements Regional conflicts Waste water treatment Ban, caused by discharges from waste water treatment plants, industrial effluents and agricultural run

  16. A new route for energy efficiency diagnosis and potential analysis of energy consumption from air-conditioning system 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma,R.J.; Yu,N.Y.

    2014-01-01

    EFFICIENCY DIAGNOSIS AND POTENTIAL ANALYSIS OF ENERGY CONSUMPTION FROM AIR- CONDITIONING SYSTEM Lecturer : Rong-Jiang Ma School of Mechanical Engineering, Southwest Jiaotong University Beijing, China September 14-17, 2014 ICEBO2014 - 2014 International... Conference for Enhanced Building Operations ESL-IC-14-09-21a Proceedings of the 14th International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Beijing, China, September 14-17, 2014 Outline ICEBO2014 - 2014 International Conference for Enhanced Building...

  17. The sequence and de novo assembly of the giant panda genome

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nielsen, Rasmus

    , Yonggui Fu17 , Xiaodong Fang1 , Xiaosen Guo1 , Bo Wang1 , Rong Hou8 , Fujun Shen8 , Bo Mu1 , Peixiang Ni1 Guo1,3 , Na An1 , Yujie Hu1,3 , Yang Zheng1,3 , Yongyong Shi5 , Zhiqiang Li5 , Qing Liu1 , Yanling , Hemin Zhang24 , Desheng Li24 , Yan Huang24 , Xia Wang1 , Guohua Yang1 , Zhi Jiang1 , Junyi Wang1 , Nan

  18. Ultraviolet selective silicon photodiode 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chintapalli, Koteswara Rao

    1992-01-01

    (' silicon surfa&(& that n&ost of t h&) phologeneraied hole-el( & tron pairs are k&st by surface rccornbinai ion before being nolle&. trxl hy a pr). jun?i, ion. The major cause of surl'a&. e re?omhination is probably due Io lifetim(. shortening ol' Lhe...Luation degrades by &legr(es during (xposure Io high-cncrgy photo(&s such as in ultraviolet light. The second approa?h is a S&:hottky-b))rricr Iype. ol' photodiodc consisting of a iranspar()nt, thin metal film [I I]. ln I. his d(vi?e, ii, is dif%?ult to a...

  19. Evidence of continuing methylchloroform emissions from the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, Ronald C.

    ozone. The Montreal Protocol and subsequent amendments banned production and consumption of a variety called for a freeze in production and consumption of MCF in developing countries as of January 1, 2003Culloch and Midgley, 2001]. However, following the production and consumption ban in 1996, sales and production

  20. Implications of Qualitative Restrictions in International Agricultural Trade. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peterson, E. Wesley F.; Henry, Guy; Paggi, Mechel

    1988-01-01

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Import Tariffs Import Quotas and Voluntary Export Restraints Quality Restrictions III. The EC Hormone Ban and the Market for Edible Offals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 EC Policy... and the Market for Edible Offals Implications of the Hormone Ban for Edible Offals Iv. Conclusion.... ......... ........... ................. .... ... .... . . .. ......... . ... ............... .. . .... 11 References...

  1. The Yang Obeys, but the Yin Ignores: Copyright Law and Speech Suppression in the People's Republic of China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McIntyre, Stephen

    2011-01-01

    Chen Hong, in Kuai Zhi Ding Shi He Wo Guo Guo Qing de BanGuan yu Lian Li Wo Guo Ban Quan Fa Lu Zhi Du de Gou Xiang [AFa Zuo Pin Zhi Zhu Zuo Quan Tan Jiu-Jian Lun Wo Guo "Zhu Zuo

  2. Proceedings of COLING 2012: Posters, pages 451460, COLING 2012, Mumbai, December 2012.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    below: Post 1: Do you really think that criminals won't have access to guns if the federal government bans guns? I don't think so. If guns cause death, that is only because of criminals, not because we that guns should not be banned. Do you really believe guns can protect citizens from criminals? I don

  3. Classical Coordination Mechanisms in the Chemical Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fradet, Pascal

    great souvenir! Abstract Originally, the chemical model of computation has been proposed as a sim- pleClassical Coordination Mechanisms in the Chemical Model J.-P. Ban^atre P. Fradet Y. Radenac-Pierre Ban^atre) had with Gilles on topics related with programming in general and chemical programming

  4. ANALYST EVALUATION OF MODEL-BASED BAYESIAN SEISMIC MONITORING AT THE CTBTO Nimar S. Arora1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russell, Stuart

    , the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organiztion2 , and the University of California at Berkeley3 Sponsored by the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization ABSTRACT NET-VISA (NETwork processing Vertically Integrated that they contain and the number that satisfy the REB (Reviewed Event Bulletin) criteria. We restrict our comparison

  5. Long-Term Management and Storage of Elemental Mercury | Department...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Mercury Long-Term Management and Storage of Elemental Mercury In addition to banning the export of elemental mercury from the United States as of January 1, 2013, the Mercury...

  6. Of Tablecloths and Soviet Relics: A Study of the Banner of Victory (Znamia Pobedy)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Platoff, Anne M.

    2013-01-01

    www.rferl.org/content/ukraine_court_bans_ use_of_soviet_Red Flag”; “Con- stitution of Ukraine—Title I, Article 20”,Jewish photographer from the Ukraine. As a self-trained

  7. Life cycle analysis of waste management options for EBI in Quebec

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilson, Jaclyn D

    2014-01-01

    Quebec has issued a mandate requiring all waste management facilities to ban the landfilling of organic waste by 2020. EBI is considering Anaerobic Digestion as one of its alternative options, but is uncertain if it is the ...

  8. Evaluating electronic waste recycling systems : the influence of physical architecture on system performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fredholm, Susan (Susan A.)

    2008-01-01

    Many different forms of electronic waste recycling systems now exist worldwide, and the amount of related legislation continues to increase. Numerous approaches have been proposed including landfill bans, extended producer ...

  9. Indiatimes | My Mail | Make Indiatimes your home page | Hi Guest, Sign Up | Sign In Saved Article(s) Archives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rogers, John A.

    . Start Power-Sourcing w/ Avnet Today www.EM.Avnet.com/StandardProducts LED Signs For Business Buy? Is CBSE right in banning cellphones in schools? Do you agree with CBSE that mobile phones

  10. YouProve: Authenticity and Fidelity in Mobile Sensing Peter Gilbert

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cox, Landon

    . Finally, performance and power costs are rea- sonable, with analyzers having little noticeable effect, Egypt, and Libya is difficult. Due to logistical obstacles, govern- ment bans, and reprisals against

  11. Meteorol Atmos Phys 102, 131133 (2008) DOI 10.1007/s00703-008-0337-0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-01-01

    synoptic-scale flow and inducing ur- ban-related thermal flows), alters near-surface humidity, changes and pollution aspects, and not on the physics of the urban boundary layer. Recently, since the turn

  12. Energy Conservation & Behavior Modification Programs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goodin, E.; Hanner, S.; Mitchel, R.

    2012-01-01

    standards? Tried to implement computer energy saving settings? Tried to ban mini-fridges, microwaves, coffee makers, heaters, etc? Have you ever? 7 Up to? 8 Typical Institutional Energy Use 35% 35% 15% 15% HVAC Lighting Plug load...

  13. The views and opinions expressed or implied in this article are those of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    overfish- ing, the harvest ban simultaneously makes the determination of stock bio- mass status (e. Hightower1,2 J. Marcus Drymon2 Matthew W. Johnson2 Email address for contact author: spowers@disl.org 1

  14. The Ministry of Health's Effort to Regulate Tobacco Use in Movies in India, 2005-6

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Polansky, Jonathan; Glantz, Stanton A. Ph.D.

    2006-01-01

    effects on public health. India will be a model of failure,a study on the portrayal of tobacco in India cinema. http://Ban in Films Cleared. ” India Daily, January 18, 2006.

  15. Evaluation of Aggregate Materials in Florida's Future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    operations Don Conner Rail Management, Inc. Rail logistics John Paul Crews District Two Materials Office Palm Beach Aggregates Mine operations Jack Banning Florida Limerock and Aggregates Institute (retired Burleson Florida Transportation Builders Association Construction management Douglas Callaway Floridians

  16. Combating the Privatization of Life in a Neo-Liberal Regime: The Fight for Water Democracies in India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raders, Gavin

    2009-01-01

    India Resource Center 2006 Kerala Government Bans Coca-Colathe capital city of Kerala, I conducted more than a dozenthe region of Palakkad, on the Kerala side of the border it

  17. This year,the Global Seismographic Network (GSN) surpassed its 128-station design goal for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laske, Gabi

    --geosyn- chronous satellites employing antennas in the 1 to 4 m range,Inmarsat,Iridium,land lines, local ISPs,submarine for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, and the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO

  18. Car-Free Housing Developments: Toward Sustainable Smart Growth and Urban Regeneration Through Car-Free Zoning, Car-Free Redevelopment, Pedestrian Improvement Districts, and New Urbanism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kushner, James A.

    2005-01-01

    ur- ban revitalization mechanisms, such as car-free zoning,new ur- banism, car-free redevelopment, and pedestriandesired to live in a car-free project. REIM AIRPORT - MUNICH

  19. Chipping Away at Tobacco Traditions in Tobacco Country: Tobacco Industry Political Influence and Tobacco Policy Making in North Carolina 1969-2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Washington, Michelle; Barnes, Richard L; Glantz, Stanton

    2011-01-01

    prohibit smoking in nursing homes and adult-care homes. 465,Smoking ban for adult care, nursing homes passes N.C.  government buildings, and adult care nursing homes the NGCA

  20. Readout on Today's Meeting Between U.S. Energy Secretary Steven...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu and United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon met today in Washington to discuss progress on energy and climate issues. The two leaders...

  1. Xeriscape Practice Marjorie Palmer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radcliffe, David

    ordinances. See Georgia Drought, http://www.caes.uga.edu/topics/disas- ters/drought/ (last visited Feb. 9 Bans Most Outdoor Wa- ter Use in North Georgia (Sept. 28, 2007) available at http:// www.caes

  2. Introduction If any culture area appears well suited for the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kemp, Brian M.

    such as the US Southwest, US Southeast, Mesoamerica, Africa, and Asia (e.g., Banning 1996; Ciolek-Tor- rello1996 absolute dating methods. Second, I examine temporality in relation to the architecture of the house itself

  3. Cultured men, uncultured women : an exploration of the gendered hierarchy of taste governing Afghan radio

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamal, Sarah

    2005-01-01

    After years of strict bans on the media, local radio in post-Taliban Afghanistan is undergoing an intense period of reconstruction. This thesis uses a multi-sited ethnographic investigation to examine local Afghan radio's ...

  4. Insecticide Resistance of Alphitobius diaperinus (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) to ?-Cyfluthrin And Associated Heat Tolerance 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lyons, Brandon Nicholas

    2014-05-01

    beetle susceptibility to label rates of formulated permethrin, Vector Ban Plus™ and a pyrethroid, Tempo SC Ultra™. These insecticides were applied to commonly found surfaces in poultry operations (concrete, wood chip particle board, and pressure treated...

  5. Memories of War: Exploring Victim-Victimizer Perspectives in Critical Content-Based Instruction in Japanese

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kubota, Ryuko

    2012-01-01

    hazards related to uranium mining. In 2005, the governmentUnited States banned uranium mining on Navajo land in 2005of uranium, making Canada’s uranium mining industry keen to

  6. The Oil Debacle in the Gulf of Mexico: An Alternative to the Coming Flood of Offshore Regulations 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Griffin, James M.

    2010-01-01

    In the wake of the recent oil disaster in the Gulf, Congress appears poised to impose new bans on offshore drilling along with a strict new regulatory regime. While these measures may meet a widely felt need for swift retribution...

  7. Cross-functional environmental initiatives : addressing Restriction of Hazardous Substance (RoHS) technical challenges at Sun Microsystems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenlaw, Tamara

    2005-01-01

    The European Union (EU) passed the Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS) Directive, effective January 2006, banning the sale of electronics equipment containing lead and five other hazardous substances into EU countries. ...

  8. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 52295241, 2015 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/15/5229/2015/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    Petersburg. Most ships were running at reduced speed (10 kn), i.e., not at their optimal load. Ves- sels shore sites near the island of Kronstadt and along the Neva River in the ur- ban area of Saint

  9. Pornography, equality, and evolutionary psychology 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plizga, Robert Stefan

    2002-01-01

    Pornography appears to give rise to a conflict between two fundamental rights: the right to free speech and expression and the right to equal respect and concern. Pornography is inseparably tied with the right to freedom of expression. To ban...

  10. To whom correspondence should be addressed. Fax: #44 118 931 0180. E-mail: m.t.fountain@reading.ac.uk.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hopkin, Steve

    are the most important (Bruus Pedersen et al., 1997). The recent ban on dumping sewage sludge at sea has meant an increase in the disposal of sludge onto arable "elds. Consequently there is concern regarding the e

  11. This is the author's version of a work that was submitted/accepted for pub-lication in the following source

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liang, Huizhi "Elly"

    , & Tewari, Ambuj (2008) High-probability regret bounds for ban- dit online linear optimization. In 21th@cs.berkeley.edu Ambuj Tewari TTI Chicago tewari@tti-c.org Abstract We present a modification of the algorithm of Dani

  12. The relevance of contemporary bronze casting in Ubon, Thailand for understanding the archaeological record of the Bronze Age in Peninsular Southeast Asia 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Everly, Daniel Eugene

    2006-04-12

    A direct historical approach is used in this thesis to document the lost wax casting technique as currently practiced by indigenous metallurgists in northeastern Thailand. The smiths observed at Ban Pba Ao, Ubon Ratchathani ...

  13. Interferon-Stimulated Genes in the Pregnant Mouse Uterus 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tilford, Sarah

    2008-08-24

    (7034):772-777. 44. Colina R, Costa-Mattioli M, Dowling RJO, Jaramillo M, Tai L-H, Breitbach CJ, Martineau Y, Larsson O, Rong L, Svitkin YV et al: Translational control of the innate immune response through IRF-7. Nature 2008. 45. Bratton DL, Fadok VA, Richter DA... in the maintenance of pregnancy [23]. 11 2'-5' oligoadenylate synthetase 2 (Oas2) Oas2 has an important role in viral RNA degradation, namely OAS2 cleaves viral mRNA from rRNA [55]. Other cellular roles include apoptosis induction and growth...

  14. Development Issues Raised During the 'People’s Movement' of 1990

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhattachan, Krishna B.

    1985-01-01

    , and "constructive politics," like that of the multiparty system of the West. "Destructive politics" leads the counlry's economy downhill. Nepalese had a s!rong feeling that "constructive politics," especially a parliamentary form of government, would not only stop... that King Birendra and his loyalists are getting richer while the country's peasants stay poor." In the News India (May 25,1990:22) published from New Yol1c, Rajendra Bajpai of Reuters reponed that "rumors about the wealth and inOuenceofQueen Aishwarya Rajya...

  15. Conservation Implications of Illegal Bird Trade and Disease Risk in Peru 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daut, Elizabeth Frances

    2015-04-24

    in economic or biological terms, but published reports estimate it at a fourth to a third the value of legal trade (Cook et al. 2002; Ratchford et al. 2013). Illegal wildlife trade, with help from the media, frequently congers images of slaughtered rhinos... ban would decrease demand for wildlife and wildlife products (Cooney & Jepson 2006). Numerous bans or more strictly regulated trade have increased demand in specialty markets, particularly for products with inelastic demand such as for rhino horn...

  16. Predicting Stance in Ideological Debate with Rich Linguistic Knowledge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ng, Vincent

    that criminals won't have access to guns if the federal government bans guns? I don't think so. If guns cause will only cause deaths of innocent citizens. Post 2: You said that guns should not be banned. Do you really believe guns can protect citizens from criminals? I don't think so. It is clear that the author of Post 1

  17. Tribal Values of Taxation Within the Tribalist Economic Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    EagleWoman, Angelique A. (Wambdi A. WasteWin)

    2008-03-01

    rd, 2006, various tribal groups signed a declaration seeking "a ban on uranium mining, processing, enrichment, fuel use, and weapons testing and deployment, and nuclear waste dumping on indigenous lands."59 Tribal leaders have discussed...rd, 2006, various tribal groups signed a declaration seeking "a ban on uranium mining, processing, enrichment, fuel use, and weapons testing and deployment, and nuclear waste dumping on indigenous lands."59 Tribal leaders have discussed...

  18. Impact of Limitations on Access to Oil and Natural Gas Resources in the Federal Outer Continental Shelf (released in AEO2009)

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2009-01-01

    The U.S. offshore is estimated to contain substantial resources of both crude oil and natural gas, but until recently some of the areas of the lower 48 states Outer Continental Shelf (OCS) have been under leasing moratoria. The Presidential ban on offshore drilling in portions of the lower 48 OCS was lifted in July 2008, and the Congressional ban was allowed to expire in September 2008, removing regulatory obstacles to development of the Atlantic and Pacific OCS.

  19. Environmental Impacts of China Outward Foreign Direct Investment: Case Studies in Latin America, Mongolia, Myanmar, and Zambia 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Aameri, Nour; Fu, Lingxiao; Garcia, Nicole; Mak, Ryan; McGill, Caitlin; Reynolds, Amanda; Vinze, Lucas

    2012-01-01

    =UTF-8 GEORGE BUSH SCHOOL OF GOVERNMENT AND PUBLIC SERVICE Environmental Impacts of China’s Outward Foreign Direct Investment Special Addendum on Myanmar’s Logging Sector and Environmental Sustainability in Mongolia By Kar Yin Ryan Mak... with the MTE’s near monopoly on its supply have enabled the teak industry to thrive amid calls for bans and boycotts.6 What also drives timber exports from Myanmar are bans imposed by its neighboring countries’ governments upon their local timber industry...

  20. Effect of coal and coke qualities on blast furnace injection and productivity at Taranto

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Salvatore, E.; Calcagni, M. [ILVA, Taranto (Italy); Eichinger, F.; Rafi, M.

    1995-12-01

    Injection rates at Taranto blast furnaces Nos. 2 and 4, for more than 16 months, was maintained above 175 kg/thm. Monthly average injection rate for two months stabilized above 190 kg/thm. This performance was possible due to the very high combined availabilities of Taranto blast furnaces and the KST injection system. Based upon this experience the quantitative relationships between coke/coal and blast furnace operational parameters were studied and are shown graphically. During this period due to coke quality changes, injection rate had to be reduced. The effect of using coke breeze in coke/ferrous charge as well as coal blend was also evaluated. Permeability of the furnace was found to be directly affected by O{sub 2} enrichment level, while at a high PCI rate no correlation between actual change in coke quality and permeability could be established. The future of PCI technology lies in better understanding of relationships between material specifications and blast furnace parameters of which permeability is of prime importance.

  1. Memories of Our Lost Hands: Searching for Feminine Spirituality and Creativity 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toyoda, Sonoko

    2006-01-01

    , G. D.j and Kuntz, R. E., 1969 ? all from Far East Elbel, R. E.j and Price, R. D., 1973 a Liukuei and Tzepeng, Taiwan Elbel, R. E.j and Price, R. D., 1973 a Thailand: Khao Soi Dao, Chanthaburi; Thapput, Phang- nga; Trang; Ubon; Laos: Ban...; Trang; Ubon; Laos: Ban- tion; India: Khasia Hills, Assam; Garo Hills, Assam; Malaysia: Malacca Accipiter trivirgatus lay- ardi Degeeriella storeri n. sp. Elbel, R. E.j and Price, R. D., 1973 a Walgama, Ceylon Accipiter trivirgatus pala- Elbel, R...

  2. Trouble in the Family: New Zealand's Anti-Nuclear Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanson, F. Allan

    1987-01-01

    or deny that a given vessel is carrying nuclear weapons, the port ban effectively barred most U.S. naval craft from docking in New Zealand's ports. Although New Zealand is small, remote, and not strategically located, the significance of this diplomatic... language and Anglo-Saxon traditions inherited from Mother Britain. In effect, New Zealand's port ban means that the biggest and strongest member of the family, who has assumed primary responsibility for its affairs, has been defied by the runt. The U...

  3. Leakage from Sub-national Climate Initiatives: The Case of California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    77 Massachusetts Avenue MIT E19-411 Cambridge MA 02139-4307 (USA) Location: 400 Main Street economies, including integration of electricity markets. Measures that will prevent leakage from California electricity and legislation ban- ning "resource shuffling". Under a cap-and-trade policy without measures

  4. San Diego County Reservation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laughlin, Robert B.

    San Diego County Brenda Pisgah Iron Mountain Riverside East Imperial East Morongo Reservation Colorado River Reservation San Pasqual Reservation Santa Ysabel Reservation Torres-Martinez Reservation) Reservation 60 95 95 95 115 San Diego Banning Yucca Valley Twentynine Palms Desert Hot Springs Palm Springs

  5. Paving the road to peace: John F. Kennedy's American University address 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joyce, Kelly J

    1997-01-01

    and the political rhetoric between the two nations. It was during the height of the Cold War that John F. Kennedy pursued a nuclear test ban treaty with the Soviet Union. Towards this end, he delivered a commencement address at American University on June 10, 1963...

  6. Enhancement of PCB Degradation by Burkholderia xenovorans LB400 in Biphasic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daugulis, Andrew J.

    -bioavailable organic phase functioning as a reservoir for hydrophobic compounds. Biodegradation of these com- pounds the organic phase into the aqueous phase. This self- regulated process can allow the delivery of large amounts-transfer systems, inks, lubricants, paints, and adhesives. Prior to their ban in 1977, 570 million kg were sold

  7. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 7, 45134526, 2007 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/7/4513/2007/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    radiation, canyon temperature, and the par- titioning between the turbulent and storage heat fluxes and ur- ban land use significantly modify the micro and mesoscale flow fields (Bornstein, 1987). Since, radiation attenuation, and enhanced turbulent mix- ing produced by the sub-grid scale urban elements

  8. MARINE TURTLES IN THE COMOROS FEDERAL ISLAMIC REPUBLIC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Prestwich, Ken

    MARINE TURTLES IN THE COMOROS FEDERAL ISLAMIC REPUBLIC : Their Status and Recommendations a Gainesville, Florida 32611 U.S.A. Phone: (904) 373-4480 FAX : (904) 392-3704 #12;Mortimer: Comoros Turtles Banning the Harvest of Turtles 18 #12;Mortimer: Comoros Turtles -- i i i TABLE OF CONTENTS (CONED) Page

  9. Navy Leadership Disturbed by "Spice" Usage Rise Navy leaders are expressing alarm at recent statistics that

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Navy Leadership Disturbed by "Spice" Usage Rise Navy leaders are expressing alarm at recent, mimicking the chemical compounds found in the drug. These products are banned for Navy personnel (NAVADMIN) 108/10 in March 2010, which reemphasized the Navy's drug policy, the U.S. Navy has been

  10. Properties of potential eco-friendly gas replacements for particle detectors in high-energy physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benussi, L; Piccolo, D; Saviano, G; Colafranceschi, S; Kjølbro, J; Sharma, A; Yang, D; Chen, G; Ban, Y; Li, Q

    2015-01-01

    Modern gas detectors for detection of particles require F-based gases for optimal performance. Recent regulations demand the use of environmentally unfriendly F-based gases to be limited or banned. This review studies properties of potential eco-friendly gas candidate replacements.

  11. Properties of potential eco-friendly gas replacements for particle detectors in high-energy physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benussi, L; Piccolo, D; Saviano, G; Colafranceschi, S; Kjølbro, J; Yang, D; Chen, G; Ban, Y; Li, Q; Sharma, A

    2015-01-01

    Modern gas detectors for detection of particles require F-based gases for op- timal performance. Recent regulations demand the use of environmentally un- friendly Freon-based gases to be limited or banned. This review studies properties of potential eco-friendly gas candidate replacements.

  12. Revised 21/2/12 The University produces and disposes of significant quantities of waste each year, for example during the 2005/06 we disposed of 1284 tonnes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oakley, Jeremy

    on disposal Batteries The law bans the disposal of all batteries (both wet and dry cell) in landfill or by incineration. This means that batteries must not be disposed of in the general waste; instead they must battery recycling scheme. This guidance relates to dry cell batteries. ScHARR method. You can take your

  13. Putting the Genie Back in the Bottle: The Science of Nuclear Non-Proliferation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilfoyle, Jerry

    Weapons Designs Uranium, gun-type weapon - High explo- sive fires highly-enriched uranium slug down Physics Department, University of Richmond, Virginia Outline: 1. Some Bits of History. 2. Nuclear Weapons Outline: 1. Some Bits of History. 2. Nuclear Weapons 101. 3. The Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty. 4. Testing

  14. Putting the Genie Back in the Bottle: The Science of Nuclear Non-Proliferation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilfoyle, Jerry

    Designs Uranium, gun-type weapon - High explo- sive fires highly-enriched uranium slug down the gun tube Physics Department, University of Richmond, Virginia Outline: 1. Some Bits of History. 2. Nuclear Weapons of Richmond, Virginia Outline: 1. Some Bits of History. 2. Nuclear Weapons 101. 3. The Comprehensive Test Ban

  15. Putting the Genie Back in the Bottle: The Science of Nuclear Non-Proliferation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilfoyle, Jerry

    Seminar - June 29, 2011 ­ p. #12;Nuclear Weapons 101 - Basic Weapons Designs Uranium, gun-type weapon Physics Department, University of Richmond, Virginia Outline: 1. Some Bits of History. 2. Nuclear Weapons. Some Bits of History. 2. Nuclear Weapons 101. 3. The Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty. 4. Testing The Test

  16. Three Essays on International Agricultural Trade 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Costa, Rafael

    2012-07-16

    to the port of Salvador as well as an increase in exports and producer revenues for the country. Finally, in Chapter IV, the impacts of the 2005 FMD outbreak on the Brazilian meat market was examined. The imposition of an import ban by Russia on Brazilian...

  17. Programming Self-Organizing Systems with the Higher-Order Chemical Language

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fradet, Pascal

    @irisa.fr Received on 17th March 2006 In a chemical language, computation is viewed as abstract mo- lecules reacting in an abstract chemical solution. Data can be seen as molecules and operations as chemical reactions: if someProgramming Self-Organizing Systems with the Higher-Order Chemical Language JEAN-PIERRE BAN ^ATRE1

  18. RULE 2004 Preliminary Version Principles of Chemical Programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fradet, Pascal

    Pascal.Fradet@inria.fr Abstract The chemical reaction metaphor describes computation in termsRULE 2004 Preliminary Version Principles of Chemical Programming Jean-Pierre Ban^atre1 , Pascal of a chemical solu- tion in which molecules interact freely according to reaction rules. Chemical models use

  19. DCM 2005 Preliminary Version A Generalized Higher-Order Chemical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fradet, Pascal

    DCM 2005 Preliminary Version A Generalized Higher-Order Chemical Computation Model J.-P. Ban Montbonnot, France Pascal.Fradet@inria.fr Abstract Gamma is a programming model where computation is seen as chemical reactions between data represented as molecules floating in a chemical solution. Formally

  20. Page 1 of 6 Issuing Department: Human Subjects Protection Office

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    with the following criteria o the investigational device or its immediate package shall bear a label of the regulations as follow: The device is not a banned device The sponsor labels the device in accordance. Limited by Federal (or United States) law to investigational use." The label or other #12;Page 2 of 6 2011

  1. Friday 5 January 2001 earth: Meteors come in with a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evers, Läslo G.

    the Earth from space could be mistaken for nuclear bomb tests, say seismologists of the Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute. This could present problems for monitoring the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT), which aims to halt the testing of all nuclear weapons. Läslo Evers and Hein Haak detected

  2. L. Evers, Infrasound monitoring in the Netherlands 1 Infrasound Monitoring in the Netherlands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evers, Läslo G.

    of infrasound are: explosions, severe weather, meteors, sonic booms, sea waves, volcanoes, nuclear tests is applied to verify the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test- Ban Treaty (CTBT). Worldwide 60 arrays are currently constructed to monitor the atmosphere for clandestine nuclear tests. Infrasound can travel over large

  3. Gammaray Bursts --A Review & Some Results A. N. Ramaprakash

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramaprakash, A. N.

    only in neutron stars. The possibility of a binary system of satellites deployed by the US to monitor Soviet compliance with outer­space nuclear ban treaty such as a neutron star or a black hole. Attention of the scientists were focussed on neutron stars mainly because

  4. Financial & Performance Analysis Phillips 66

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burton, Geoffrey R.

    and efficient About Phillips 66 Officially floating on New York stock exchange on May 1st 2012 Phillips 66 will the existing bio fuels mandates change in the future? - Will the U.S abolish the ban on crude exports? - How will the huge increase in shale oil exploration affect global demand? - How will the refineries respond

  5. ORIGINAL PAPER Use of grit supplements by waterbirds: an experimental

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Green, Andy J.

    ORIGINAL PAPER Use of grit supplements by waterbirds: an experimental assessment of strategies. Lead ammunition for hunting is being progressively banned in more countries, while grit supplementation supplemented with grit was higher than in those without grit, although the highest numbers of feeding birds

  6. Ability of a global three-dimensional model to locate regional events

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shapiro, Nikolai

    is that the Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT), irrespec- tive of its current status, has motivated greater; revised 31 March 2003; accepted 29 April 2003; published 30 July 2003. [1] We assess the ability events using regional travel time data alone (epicentral distances Assessments are based

  7. The Earth Institute, Columbia University12 annual donor report 2010 13 at the turn of the century, world leaders

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Earth Institute, Columbia University12 annual donor report 2010 13 at the turn of the century-General Ban Ki-moon at the Earth Institute's State of the Planet Conference in March 2010. "They of humanity are at stake." The Millennium Villages project, a partnership between the Earth Institute

  8. Analysis of Longitudinal Data with Irregular, Informative Follow-Yale University, New Haven, U.S.A.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scharfstein, Daniel

    of Housing and Ur- ban Development (HUD) and the US Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) - the HUD-VA Supported Housing (HUD-VASH) program. In this program, 460 veterans were randomly assigned to receive: (i) the full HUD-VASH intervention (housing voucher plus case manage- ment); (ii) case management

  9. Adam J. Rondinone Industry Liaison

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pennycook, Steve

    activities and represent Minority conference preferences. Mercury Export Ban Act ­ Public Law 110. Alexander-Webb Clean Energy Act of 2009 Authored with staff of Senator Webb Served as legislative assistant to Senator Alexander on science, climate and energy. #12; Co-wrote a variety of energy and climate

  10. WOSMIP II- Workshop on Signatures of Medical and Industrial Isotope Production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Matthews, Murray; Achim, Pascal; Auer, M.; Bell, Randy; Bowyer, Ted W.; Braekers, Damien; Bradley, Ed; Briyatmoko, Budi; Berglund, Helena; Camps, Johan; Carranza, Eduardo C.; Carty, Fitz; DeCaire, Richard; Deconninck, Benoit; DeGeer, Lars E.; Druce, Michael; Friese, Judah I.; Hague, Robert; Hoffman, Ian; Khrustalev, Kirill; Lucas, John C.; Mattassi, G.; Mattila, Aleski; Nava, Elisabetta; Nikkinin, Mika; Papastefanou, Constantin; Piefer, Gregory R.; Quintana, Eduardo; Ross, Ole; Rotty, Michel; Sabzian, Mohammad; Saey, Paul R.; Sameh, A. A.; Safari, M.; Schoppner, Michael; Siebert, Petra; Unger, Klaus K.; Vargas, Albert

    2011-11-01

    Medical and industrial fadioisotopes are fundamental tools used in science, medicine and industry with an ever expanding usage in medical practice where their availability is vital. Very sensitive environmental radionuclide monitoring networks have been developed for nuclear-security-related monitoring [particularly Comprehensive Test-Ban-Treaty (CTBT) compliance verification] and are now operational.

  11. Science in the Public Interest: The American Association for the Advancement of Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilfoyle, Jerry

    off portal monitors. · Challenge#2: If stolen material is recovered, it is difficult to identify. Enhancing nuclear weapons material security in Russia. 4. The Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty. 5. Other fissile material (i.e. nuclear- weapons-grade materials) security in Russia. ­ Provided oversight

  12. Economic Impact of Withdrawing Specific Agricultural Pesticides in the Lower Rio Grande Valley 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bremer, John E.; Sparks, Alton N.; Norman, John W.; Robinson, John R.C.; Lacewell, Ronald D.; Bryant, Kelly J.

    1993-01-01

    dollar 1088 in net income per year. If dicrotophos use were prohibited in the LRGV, variable cost to produce cotton would increase by over $600,000 for the region as a whole. Banning aldicarb use in the study area would reduce citrus sales by almost $3...

  13. *Corresponding author. Tel.:#1-303-492-5887; fax:#1-303-E-mail address: blanken@spot.colorado.edu (P.D. Blanken).

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blanken, Peter D.

    and a mandatory wood burning ban. We hypothesized that the advisory had no e!ect on commuter behavior due to lack as the sole occupant of a car and most (76%) never changed the way they commuted based on the daily advisory

  14. LASLO EVERS | Change Password | Change User Info | CiteTrack Alerts | Subscription Help | Sign Out Editors' Choice: Highlights of the recent literature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evers, Läslo G.

    ASTROPHYSICS: A Windy Gamma-Ray Burst ECOLOGY: Reciprocal Subsidies PSYCHOLOGY: Statistical Learning CHEMISTRY range covers infrasonic disturbances inaudible to humans, such as distant nuclear explosions, and similar arrays are being installed worldwide as part of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty

  15. Gamma and the chemical reaction model: fteen years after?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fradet, Pascal

    Gamma and the chemical reaction model: fteen years after? Jean-Pierre Ban^atre1, Pascal Fradet2 the formalism is to describe computation as a form of chemical reaction on a collection of individual pieces on unexpected applications of the chemical reaction model, showing that this paradigm has been a source

  16. On the Complexity of Verifying Cyber-Physical Security Protocols

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nigam, Vivek

    On the Complexity of Verifying Cyber-Physical Security Protocols Max Kanovich, Tajana Ban Kirigin agents. We classify such security protocols as Cyber-Physical.6 The key elements of such protocols important class of Bounded Memory Cyber-Physical Security19 Protocols with a Memory Bounded Intruder

  17. Vietnam Vet Runs to Raise Money for USCBL Mike Felker served as a medic with the First Marine Division in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plotkin, Joshua B.

    June 2008 Vietnam Vet Runs to Raise Money for USCBL Mike Felker served as a medic with the First Marine Division in Vietnam. While there he treated U.S. and Vietnamese casualties of landmines money for the U.S. Campaign to Ban Landmines. Participating in the Philadelphia Vietnam Veterans

  18. Disease Management in Organic Plantings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Isaacs, Rufus

    cooling or proper drying · Clean harvesting and processing equipment · Control insects that may createGard (Gliocladium virens) Blight Ban (Pseudomonas fluorescens) PlantShield (Trichoderma harzianum) Agri Antibiotics for control of bacterial diseases #12;Effect of Trichoderma hamatum (T382) in potting mix

  19. 25 November 2014 SENT TO LSU AGCENTER/LOUISIANA FOREST PRODUCTS DEVELOPMENT CENTER -FOREST SECTOR / FORESTY PRODUCTS INTEREST GROUP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    / FORESTY PRODUCTS INTEREST GROUP Fracking gets green light in largest national forest on East Coast US will allow a form of natural gas drilling known as fracking to occur in parts of the largest national forest on the East Coast. The U.S. Forest Service originally planned to ban fracking in the 1.1 million-acre George

  20. This is the author's version of a work that was submitted/accepted for pub-lication in the following source

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyd, Colin

    approach to smart city learning in architecture and ur- ban design education. IxD&A (Interaction Design to the published source: #12;An urban informatics approach to smart city learning in architecture and urban design communities as a way to examine and learn from real world issues in the city. This paper exemplifies Smart

  1. 2007 American Chemical Society ecent research, when considered as a whole,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldstein, Allen

    products. Combustion of living and dead or- ganisms, such as fossil-fuel consumption or biomass burning in the earth's atmosphere before 1950, beyond that methane and formaldehyde were present (1). The problems than those from petro- chemical production and use (7). Even in some ur- ban environments, biogenic VOC

  2. Few US `reshorings' go ahead, study finds -FT.com http://www.ft.com/intl/cms/s/0/ed0edc78-352a-11e4-a2c2-00144feabdc0.html?siteedition=intl#axzz3CirBR4im[9/8/2014 7:30:28 AM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Weck, Olivier L.

    General Electric, Apple, Whirlpool and Caterpillar ­ to be moving jobs back from overseas to the US. "In comes back to Luxottica Taxi wars NEWS Uber hit with nationwide ban in Germany Frozen Arctic ambitions sector spawns 1m European jobs GE's Synchrony prices IPO at low end More COMPANIES VIDEOS Home World

  3. SJ4A01020303 SJ4A01020303 ZALLCALL 52 23:27:49 02/02/05 B Clouds and sun.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the terrorists and make them believe they can wait us out." Bush asked Congress for $350 million to support be spent wisely, or not at all." The president repeated his support for a constitutional amendment to ban for survival. But Darwin did not have the benefit of mod- ern science to explain the nuts and bolts

  4. nh Gi Thit Hi Ti Nguyn Thin Nhin ca V Trn Du Deepwater Horizon Cc D n Qun Franklin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    công cng hin nay. Ban Qun Tr ánh Giá Thit Hi Tài Nguyên The Deepwater Horizon xut by d án v gii trí ti/hoc tng cng s dng và/hoc thng ngon ca công chúng i vi các ngun li thiên nhiên này. xut Nâng Cp Các Công

  5. Evolutionary Computing for Detection of Retentive Structures in Coastal Waters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Thomas

    ,robillia,poty,fonlupt}@lil.univ-littoral.fr, Abstract-- The demography of anchovy fishes in the Gulf of Biscay seems to be related to the presence of so- called "retentive" hydrodynamical structures, that keep fish eggs and larvae in a favorable environment be used to decide fishing quotas or bans for the sake of preserving the natural resource. We propose two

  6. Stormwater, Erosion and Shale Gas Development (Updated May 11, 2014)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, M.Todd

    Stormwater, Erosion and Shale Gas Development (Updated May 11, 2014) Why and erosion at shale gas well sites do not receive a great deal of attention from are a major reason for the proposed ban on shale gas development within the New

  7. University Housing Service and Emotional Support Animals Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McConnell, Terry

    1 University Housing Service and Emotional Support Animals Policy Syracuse University is committed, such as animal research laboratories and areas housing research or teaching animals, it may be necessary to ban animals. However, the University is also mindful of the health and safety concerns of the campus community

  8. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    materials especially at high current densities. less October 2015 Effect of Al2O3 Coating on Stabilizing LiNi0.4Mn0.4Co0.2O2 Cathodes Wise, Anna M. ; Ban, Chunmei ; Weker,...

  9. Search for: All records | SciTech Connect

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    0.4), in terms of both power and thermal stability. October 2015 Effect of Al2O3 Coating on Stabilizing LiNi0.4Mn0.4Co0.2O2 Cathodes Wise, Anna M. ; Ban, Chunmei ; Weker,...

  10. Global seismic monitoring as probabilistic inference Nimar S. Arora

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sudderth, Erik

    Global seismic monitoring as probabilistic inference Nimar S. Arora Department of Computer Science of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT), primarily through detection and localization of seismic events. We nuclear explosions. A global network of seismic, radionuclide, hydroacoustic, and infrasound sensors

  11. When pixels speak: why video games deserve free speech protection; why video games will not receive free speech protection 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bailey, Joseph Harold

    2007-09-17

    ,” did not go unnoticed.1 The point of controversy was whether the hacker added in a certain segment of the game or if he merely unlocked a portion of the game’s preexisting code. In Australia, the Software Rating Board banned the game from the entire...

  12. "Maximum recycling of Material and Energy, Minimum of Landfilling"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    lack of Waste-to-Energy capacity. #12;9 Austria As Germany, but Ban in force already in 2002. Landfill1 "Maximum recycling of Material and Energy, Minimum of Landfilling" "A Sustainable Solution" Håkan in "Recycling". "Waste-to-Energy" is now defined as Recycling, when energy efficiency is > 0,65 Prevention Reuse

  13. The LUSI mud volcano triggering controversy: Was it caused by drilling? Nurrochmat Sawolo, Edi Sutriono, Bambang P. Istadi*, Agung B. Darmoyo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manga, Michael

    an intermittent eruption of hot water and steam was observed some 200 m from the Ban- jarpanji-1 well. The location map of Banjarpanji is shown in Fig. 1. The eruptive bursts of hot water and steam were dramatic geothermal activity, where superheated hydrothermal fluids at high temperature and pressure were released

  14. 95AUGUST 2010 Published by the IEEE Computer Society0018-9162/10/$26.00 2010 IEEE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Xin "Shane"

    - operated Deepwater Horizon oil-drilling rig exploded, killing 11 workers and injur- ing 17, and sending on fishing, tourism, and deepwater drilling (banned by the federal gov- ernment in the wake of the spill), and the ultimate cleanup, reclamation, and litigation costs will be in the bil- lions of dollars. In short

  15. Volume 39, No.2 (1998) pages 78-79 Livestocksolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tiquia-Arashiro, Sonia M.

    1998-01-01

    BIOCYCLE Volume 39, No.2 (1998) pages 78-79 Livestocksolution '" " .. Composting pig manure in Hong to the cheapest, simplest and most efficient methods for composting litter. Sonia M. Tiquia and Nora F.Y.Tam LIKE contributor to stream pollution in the New Territories and in parts of ur- ban Hong Kong, as most animal

  16. Qualitative risk assessment for adventitious presence of unauthorized genetically modified organisms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bohanec, Marko

    . The use of GMO crops represents a major technological breakthrough in agronomy. It is a technology by conclusions in section 6. 2 UNAUTHORISED GMO A GMO can be considered unauthorized for various reasons. It can, or it can be completely unknown to the competent authorities. An example of a banned GMO is for instance

  17. Edward J. Balistreri Curriculum Vitae March 2015

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (2010) `The marginal cost of public funds of mineral and energy taxes in Peru,' Resources Policy 35 Al-Qahtani, and Carol A. Dahl (2010) `Oil and petroleum product Armington elasticities: A new-geography. Worley (2009) `Mercury: the good, the bad, and the export ban,' Resources Policy 34(4), 195

  18. Energy density is an important mea-sure of fish nutritional condition and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    218 Energy density is an important mea- sure of fish nutritional condition and is used to assess, 1994; Ban et al., 1996; Edsall et al., 1999). Energy density is also a critical parameter indices, energy density integrates and reflects the history of fish feed- ing environments before the time

  19. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 5, 24612474, 2005 www.atmos-chem-phys.org/acp/5/2461/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    Nuclear Test Ban Treaty Organization, Vienna, Austria Received: 21 April 2005 ­ Published in Atmos. Chem ago) designed for calcu- lating the long-range and mesoscale dispersion of air pollu- tants from point), who stated the criteria that must be ful- Correspondence to: A. Stohl (ast@nilu.no) filled in order

  20. Exporting Alaskan North Slope crude oil: Benefits and costs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-06-01

    The Department of Energy study examines the effects of lifting the current prohibitions against the export of Alaskan North Slope (ANS) crude. The study concludes that permitting exports would benefit the US economy. First, lifting the ban would expand the markets in which ANS oil can be sold, thereby increasing its value. ANS oil producers, the States of California and Alaska, and some of their local governments all would benefit from increased revenues. Permitting exports also would generate new economic activity and employment in California and Alaska. The study concludes that these economic benefits would be achieved without increasing gasoline prices (either in California or in the nation as a whole). Lifting the export ban could have important implications for US maritime interests. The Merchant Marine Act of 1970 (known as the Jones Act) requires all inter-coastal shipments to be carried on vessels that are US-owned, US-crewed, and US-built. By limiting the shipment of ANS crude to US ports only, the export ban creates jobs for the seafarers and the builders of Jones Act vessels. Because the Jones Act does not apply to exports, however, lifting the ban without also changing US maritime law would jeopardize the jobs associated with the current fleet of Jones Act tankers. Therefore the report analyzes selected economic impacts of several maritime policy alternatives, including: Maintaining current law, which allows foreign tankers to carry oil where export is allowed; requiring exports of ANS crude to be carried on Jones Act vessels; and requiring exports of ANS crude to be carried on vessels that are US-owned and US-crewed, but not necessarily US-built. Under each of these options, lifting the export ban would generate economic benefits.

  1. Comparison of Radionuclide Ratios in Atmospheric Nuclear Explosions and Nuclear Releases from Chernobyl and Fukushima seen in Gamma Ray Spectormetry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Friese, Judah I.; Kephart, Rosara F.; Lucas, Dawn D.

    2013-05-01

    The Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) has remote radionuclide monitoring followed by an On Site Inspection (OSI) to clarify the nature of a suspect event. An important aspect of radionuclide measurements on site is the discrimination of other potential sources of similar radionuclides such as reactor accidents or medical isotope production. The Chernobyl and Fukushima nuclear reactor disasters offer two different reactor source term environmental inputs that can be compared against historical measurements of nuclear explosions. The comparison of whole-sample gamma spectrometry measurements from these three events and the analysis of similarities and differences are presented. This analysis is a step toward confirming what is needed for measurements during an OSI under the auspices of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty.

  2. Lead-based paint assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lorie, C.; Cowdery, J.W.

    1994-12-31

    In 1977, The US consumer product safety commission banned the use of lead-based paint (LBP) in all industries, except the maritime industry which still has certain privileged uses. Unfortunately for property and building owners, the ban did not come soon enough. In response to this heightened awareness, several environmental market sectors addressing the issues have emerged. These include: residential; soil; commercial; water; and structures. The first and most important step in addressing the concerns posed by the existence of lead based contamination is to quantify the amount of lead-based product, to determine the location of the lead based product and the extent, if any, of lead based contamination, and to make recommendations for the remediation or abatement of the lead product and resultant contamination. In narrowing the focus of these issues, this paper discusses lead-based paint assessment; preparing and organizing the assessment, the regulatory considerations, assessment methodology, and presentation of results.

  3. The Social Context of Foot-and-Mouth Disease Control in Texas: Foundations for Effective Risk Communication 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delgado, Amy Haley

    2012-02-14

    and at-risk animals means that animals must be gathered and held by their owners for testing and depopulation, while strict movement bans designed to slow disease spread are essentially unenforceable without the cooperation of livestock producers..., whose animals were exposed either directly or indirectly to animals, animal products, materials, people, or aerosol from the infected premises, will be quarantined, tested for FMD, and possibly depopulated. Vaccination with or without the subsequent...

  4. Web Application Design Using Server-Side JavaScript

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hampton, J.; Simons, R.

    1999-02-01

    This document describes the application design philosophy for the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty Research & Development Web Site. This design incorporates object-oriented techniques to produce a flexible and maintainable system of applications that support the web site. These techniques will be discussed at length along with the issues they address. The overall structure of the applications and their relationships with one another will also be described. The current problems and future design changes will be discussed as well.

  5. Elastic and Inelastic-Scattering of Alpha-Particles from Ba-138 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barker, J. H.; Hiebert, John C.

    1972-01-01

    dist 'b ' srl utions for (n, n' Ba. lOIls FyG 5 138Ba(n, n'~ ~ q Ilg OWlIlg .24-Me V average 1798 J. H. BARKER AND J. C. HIEBERT EXPERIMENT THIS WORK THEORY 4.2419 3.9217 (a) (b) 4 2423 2,3,4 4,1668 2,3t4 4.0810 2 39354 2 3&220 (3,4)~800 2...

  6. A study of HFO-1234ze (1,3,3,3-Tetrafluoropropene) as an eco-friendly replacement in RPC detectors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benussi, L; Ferrini, M; Passamonti, L; Pierluigi, D; Piccolo, D; Russo, A; Saviano, G

    2015-01-01

    The operations of Resistive Plate Chambers in LHC experiments require F-based gases for optimal performance. Recent regulations demand the use of environmentally unfriendly F-based gases to be limited or banned. This report shows results of studies on performance of RPCs operated with a potential eco-friendly gas candidate 1,3,3,3-Tetrafluoropropene, commercially known as HFO-1234ze.

  7. Commercial Nuclear Reprocessing in the United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sherrill, Charles Leland; Balatsky, Galya Ivanovna

    2015-09-09

    The short presentation outline: Reprocessing Overview; Events leading up to Carter’s Policy; Results of the decision; Policy since Nuclear Nonproliferation Act. Conclusions reached: Reprocessing ban has become an easy and visible fix to the public concern about proliferation, but has not completely stopped proliferation; and, Reprocessing needs to become detached from political considerations, so technical research can continue, regardless of the policy decisions we decide to take.

  8. QER- Comment of Diane Kolakoski 1

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    I am opposed to proposed pipeline. It is wrong to take private and protected land for the profit of a polluting, greedy private industry and require us to pay the bill through a proposed tariff. Money should be spent instead on conserving energy and renewable energy. No to fracking. No to environmentally damaging corporations. Stay out of Deerfield. Out of Massachusetts. Ban fracking altogether. Diane Kolakoski

  9. EU Gas Supply Security: Unfinished Business

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noël, Pierre

    2013-04-01

    production. Exploration work was suspended after hydraulic fracturing-induced seismic activity was reported but the government allowed companies to resume work in late 2012. The UK enjoys a relatively wide political consensus that, given the right... increasingly unlikely to be materialised. A summary of the situation is provided by an IEA report from 2012. 15 The bleak situation in France – where most of western Europe’s reserves are located but hydraulic fracturing was banned by a law passed nearly...

  10. JPRS report: Arms control, [February 12, 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1991-02-12

    This report contains translations/transcriptions of articles and/or broadcasts on arms control. Titles include: Foreign Minister Opens Regional Disarmament Workshop; North Korea Heavily Involved in Missile Production; Ministry Spokesman on Soviet Troop Withdrawal; Foreign Minister on Soviet Troops, Baltics; Soviet Role in Iraqi Scud Acquisition Viewed; Churkin on Comprehensive Test Ban, New York Conference; GDR Supported Iraq`s Chemical Weapons Armament; and others.

  11. Update of Summer Reformulated Gasoline Supply Assessment for New York and Connecticut

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2004-01-01

    In October 2003, the Energy Information Administration (EIA) published a review of the status of the methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) ban transition in New York (NY) and Connecticut (CT) that noted significant uncertainties in gasoline supply for those states for the summer of 2004. To obtain updated information, EIA spoke to major suppliers to the two states over the past several months as the petroleum industry began the switch from winter- to summer-grade gasoline.

  12. Makakilo City, Hawaii: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas:Montezuma,Information MHKMHK5Transport Projects | OpenMak-Ban /

  13. Making Car Sharing and Car Clubs Work: Final Report | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas:Montezuma,Information MHKMHK5Transport Projects | OpenMak-Ban /Power

  14. Making Car Sharing and Car Clubs Work: Good Practice Guide | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas:Montezuma,Information MHKMHK5Transport Projects | OpenMak-Ban

  15. Making Development Climate Resilient: A World Bank Strategy for Sub-Saharan

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas:Montezuma,Information MHKMHK5Transport Projects | OpenMak-BanManagement |

  16. Malawi-National Adaptation Plan Global Support Programme (NAP-GSP) | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas:Montezuma,Information MHKMHK5Transport Projects | OpenMak-BanManagement

  17. On the increase of the “non-uniform” scaling of the magnetic field variations before the M{sub w}9.0 earthquake in Japan in 2011

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Skordas, E. S.

    2014-06-01

    By applying Detrended Fluctuation Analysis (DFA) to the time series of the geomagnetic data recorded at three measuring stations in Japan, Rong et al. in 2012 recently reported that anomalous magnetic field variations were identified well before the occurrence of the disastrous Tohoku M{sub w}9.0 earthquake that occurred on 11 March 2011 in Japan exhibiting increased “non-uniform” scaling behavior. Here, we provide an explanation for the appearance of this increase of “non-uniform” scaling on the following grounds: These magnetic field variations are the ones that accompany the electric field variations termed Seismic Electric Signals (SES) activity which have been repeatedly reported that precede major earthquakes. DFA as well as multifractal DFA reveal that the latter electric field variations exhibit scaling behavior as shown by analyzing SES activities observed before major earthquakes in Greece. Hence, when these variations are superimposed on a background of pseudosinusoidal trend, their long range correlation properties—quantified by DFA—are affected resulting in an increase of the “non-uniform” scaling behavior. The same is expected to hold for the former magnetic field variations. This explanation is strengthened by recent findings showing that the fluctuations of the order parameter of seismicity exhibited an unprecedented minimum almost two months before the Tohoku earthquake occurrence which is characteristic for an almost simultaneous emission of Seismic Electric Signals activity.

  18. Ethanol Demand in United States Production of Oxygenate-limited Gasoline

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hadder, G.R.

    2000-08-16

    Ethanol competes with methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) to satisfy oxygen, octane, and volume requirements of certain gasolines. However, MTBE has water quality problems that may create significant market opportunities for ethanol. Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) has used its Refinery Yield Model to estimate ethanol demand in gasolines with restricted use of MTBE. Reduction of the use of MTBE would increase the costs of gasoline production and possibly reduce the gasoline output of U.S. refineries. The potential gasoline supply problems of an MTBE ban could be mitigated by allowing a modest 3 vol percent MTBE in all gasoline. In the U.S. East and Gulf Coast gasoline producing regions, the 3 vol percent MTBE option results in costs that are 40 percent less than an MTBE ban. In the U.S. Midwest gasoline producing region, with already high use of ethanol, an MTBE ban has minimal effect on ethanol demand unless gasoline producers in other regions bid away the local supply of ethanol. The ethanol/MTBE issue gained momentum in March 2000 when the Clinton Administration announced that it would ask Congress to amend the Clean Air Act to provide the authority to significantly reduce or eliminate the use of MTBE; to ensure that air quality gains are not diminished as MTBE use is reduced; and to replace the existing oxygenate requirement in the Clean Air Act with a renewable fuel standard for all gasoline. Premises for the ORNL study are consistent with the Administration announcement, and the ethanol demand curve estimates of this study can be used to evaluate the impact of the Administration principles and related policy initiatives.

  19. The Rapprochement between Bhutan and Tibet under the Enlightened Rule of Sde-srid XIII Shes-rab-dbang-phyug (R.1744-63)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ardussi, John A.

    1999-01-01

    to formally pay tribute, whence they returned in 1735 with imperial patents (gser-yig) and seals of office22. Although one Bhutanese scholar of the time saw in the conclusion of this mission to China “the fulfillment of our hopes,”23 the reality... , Dolanji, H.P., 1974. L5DL = Ngag-dbang-blo-bzang-rgya-mtsho (1617-1682), Za hor gyi ban de ngag dbang blo bzang rgya mtsho’i ’di snang ’khrul pa’i rol rtsed rtogs brjod kyi tshul du bkod pa du kï la’i gos bzang. (Autobiography of the 5th Dalai Lama...

  20. Hardware design document for the Infrasound Prototype for a CTBT IMS station

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Breding, D.R.; Kromer, R.P.; Whitaker, R.W.; Sandoval, T.

    1997-11-01

    The Hardware Design Document (HDD) describes the various hardware components used in the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) Infrasound Prototype and their interrelationships. It divides the infrasound prototype into hardware configurations items (HWCIs). The HDD uses techniques such as block diagrams and parts lists to present this information. The level of detail provided in the following sections should be sufficient to allow potential users to procure and install the infrasound system. Infrasonic monitoring is a low cost, robust, and effective technology for detecting atmospheric explosions. Low frequencies from explosion signals propagate to long ranges (few thousand kilometers) where they can be detected with an array of sensors.

  1. STARS no star on Kauai

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jones, M.

    1993-04-01

    The island of Kuai, home to the Pacific Missile Range Facility, is preparing for the first of a series of Star Wars rocket launches expected to begin early this year. The Strategic Defense Initiative plans 40 launches of the Stategic Target System (STARS) over a 10-year period. The focus of the tests appears to be weapons and sensors designed to combat multiple-warhead ICBMs, which will be banned under the START II Treaty that was signed in January. The focus of this article is to express the dubious value of testing the STARS at a time when their application will not be an anticipated problem.

  2. Chapter 3 x Integral Relations for a Control Volume 213 We simply insert the appropriate momentum-flux factors E from p. 136 of the text

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bahrami, Majid

    Turbulent, 1.020: . (b)Ans2 2 2 drag 1 2 oF (p p ) R 0.02 R U S US 3.54 For the pipe-flow reducing section-flux factors E from p. 136 of the text: (a) Laminar: . (a)Ans2 2 2 drag 1 2 oF (p p ) R (1/3) R U S US (b) E |2 of Fig. P3.54, D1 8 cm, D2 5 cm, and p2 1 atm. All fluids are at 20°C. If V1 5 m/s and the manometer

  3. Indo-Bhutan Relations Recent Trends

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Choden, Tashi

    2004-01-01

    occasions and significant issues. To name a few, these include the vote on the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT), the establishment of Nuclear Weapons Free Zone in South Asia, India’s aspirations to be a permanent member of the UN Security Council... in India. Bhutan has already felt the impact of the reform in India’s subsidy policies that has resulted in a gradual phasing out of subsidies and a decrease in its budget for assistance to 123 Bhutan. Bhutan will also have to face the effects...

  4. MB3a Infrasound Sensor Evaluation.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Merchant, Bion J.; McDowell, Kyle D.

    2014-11-01

    Sandia National Laboratories has tested and evaluated a new infrasound sensor, the MB3a, manufactured by Seismo Wave. These infrasound sensors measure pressure output by a methodology developed by researchers at the French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA) and the technology was recently licensed to Seismo Wave for production and sales. The purpose of the infrasound sensor evaluation was to determine a measured sensitivity, transfer function, power, self-noise, dynamic range, seismic sensitivity, and self- calibration ability. The MB3a infrasound sensors are being evaluated for potential use in the International Monitoring System (IMS) of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban-Treaty Organization (CTBTO).

  5. Ongoing monitoring and verification in Iraq

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Trevan, T.

    1994-05-01

    When Iraq informed the United Nations last November 26 that it would cooperate in implementing the plans to monitor compliance with its obligations not to reacquire weapons banned under the ceasefire agreements following the Gulf War, it signalled an apparent policy reversal after two years of difficulties, deadlocks and limited cooperation. While claiming never to have rejected the plans to implement nationwide monitoring and inspections to prevent the import or manufacture of nuclear, chemical and biological weapons and long-range ballistic missiles, Iraq consistently spoke of the plans in terms of political, if not legal, rejection.

  6. Ya, Ya/Yes, Ye: A Play Concerning an Encounter Between Vietnamese Culture and Western Medicine 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nguyen, Kim T

    2013-02-22

    the coffee table): What happened? Did you spill coffee on yourself? (hands paper towels to Grandfather) Grandfather (speaking in llietnamese, but translation is seen overhead): Khong. Ong di den quan An de mua chut cafe, va 0 d6 c6 vAi churn kho khan... linh no tihn gan va dut tach cafe cga ong. No co tach cafe roi rto len ong. Sau do, no bo 30 di voi du a ban cua no. ("He was talking, but I couldn't understand what he was saying. Suddenly, he reached over and grabbed my cup of coffee. The boy...

  7. Makaha Valley, Hawaii: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas:Montezuma,Information MHKMHK5Transport Projects | OpenMak-Ban / Laguna2

  8. Makaha, Hawaii: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas:Montezuma,Information MHKMHK5Transport Projects | OpenMak-Ban / Laguna2Makaha,

  9. Makani Power | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas:Montezuma,Information MHKMHK5Transport Projects | OpenMak-Ban /Power Jump to:

  10. Making Car Sharing and Car Clubs Work: Case Study Summaries | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas:Montezuma,Information MHKMHK5Transport Projects | OpenMak-Ban /Power Jump

  11. Making Collaboration Work: Lessons from Innovation in Natural Resource

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas:Montezuma,Information MHKMHK5Transport Projects | OpenMak-BanManagement | Open

  12. Malavi Power Plant Ltd MPPL pltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas:Montezuma,Information MHKMHK5Transport Projects | OpenMak-BanManagement |Malavi

  13. Malawi-USAID Climate Activities | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas:Montezuma,Information MHKMHK5Transport Projects | OpenMak-BanManagementUSAID

  14. Proceedings of the Symposium on the Non-Proliferation Experiment: Results

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTech ConnectSpeeding accessusers'(x≤2)Article) |Nuclearand Implications for Test Ban

  15. Regulations Related to the Outer Continental Shelf Moratoria and Implications of Not Renewing the Moratoria (released in AEO2009)

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2009-01-01

    From 1982 through 2008, Congress annually enacted appropriations riders prohibiting the Minerals Management Service (MMS) of the U.S. Department of the Interior from conducting activities related to leasing, exploration, and production of oil and natural gas on much of the federal Outer Continental Shelf (OCS). Further, a separate executive ban (originally put in place in 1990 by President George H.W. Bush and later extended by President William J. Clinton through 2012) also prohibited leasing on the OCS, with the exception of the Western Gulf of Mexico, portions of the Central and Eastern Gulf of Mexico, and Alaska. In combination, those actions prohibited drilling along the Atlantic and Pacific coasts, in the eastern Gulf of Mexico, and in portions of the central Gulf of Mexico. The Gulf of Mexico Energy Security Act of 2006 (Public Law 109-432) imposed yet a third ban on drilling through 2022 on tracts in the Eastern Gulf of Mexico that are within 125 miles of Florida, east of a dividing line known as the Military Mission Line, and in the Central Gulf of Mexico within 100 miles of Florida.

  16. How Common are Noise Sources on the Crash Arc of Malaysian Flight 370

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fenimore, Edward E.; Kunkle, Thomas David; Stead, Richard J.

    2014-10-21

    Malaysian Flight 370 disappeared nearly without a trace. Besides some communication handshakes to the INMASAT satellite, the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty monitoring system could have heard the aircraft crash into the southern Indian Ocean. One noise event from Cape Leeuwin has been suggested by Stead as the crash and occurs within the crash location suggested by Kunkle at el. We analyze the hydrophone data from Cape Leeuwin to understand how common such noise events are on the arc of possible locations where Malaysian Flight 370 might have crashed. Few other noise sources were found on the arc. The noise event found by Stead is the strongest. No noise events are seen within the Australian Transportation Safety Board (ATSB) new search location until the 10th strongest event, an event which is very close to the noise level.

  17. Software enhancements to the IVSEM model of the CTBTO IMS.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Damico, Joseph P.

    2011-03-01

    Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) developed the Integrated Verification System Evaluation Model (IVSEM) to estimate the performance of the International Monitoring System (IMS) operated by the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO). IVSEM was developed in several phases between 1995 and 2000. The model was developed in FORTRAN with an IDL-based user interface and was compiled for Windows and UNIX operating systems. Continuing interest in this analysis capability, coupled with numerous advances in desktop computer hardware and software since IVSEM was written, enabled significant improvements to IVSEM run-time performance and data analysis capabilities. These improvements were implemented externally without modifying the FORTRAN executables, which had been previously verified. This paper describes the parallelization approach developed to significantly reduce IVSEM run-times and the new test setup and analysis tools developed to facilitate better IVSEM operation.

  18. Super-intuition and correlations with the future in Quantum Consciousness

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michael B. Mensky

    2014-09-17

    The role of quantum information is discussed in the framework of Quantum Concept of Consciousness (QCC), based on the many-worlds interpretation of quantum mechanics (Everett interpretation). Within QCC the phenomenon of super-intuition is analyzed, which explains in particular the great scientific insights and realizes a sort of a "mental time machine". The recently expressed opinion that emergence of super-intuition requires transferring quantum information, which is banned by the impossibility of "quantum cloning", is critically considered. It is shown that in fact under QCC the emergence of the phenomenon of super-intuition requires not transferring quantum information, but only correlating various fragments of it. Actual examples of scientific insights that have been documented by prominent scientists, suggest that the marker of the correlation in this case is a strong positive emotion, which can be called cognitive euphoria.

  19. Ground-based Nuclear Detonation Detection (GNDD) Technology Roadmap

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Casey, Leslie A.

    2014-01-13

    This GNDD Technology Roadmap is intended to provide guidance to potential researchers and help management define research priorities to achieve technology advancements for ground-based nuclear explosion monitoring science being pursued by the Ground-based Nuclear Detonation Detection (GNDD) Team within the Office of Nuclear Detonation Detection in the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Four science-based elements were selected to encompass the entire scope of nuclear monitoring research and development (R&D) necessary to facilitate breakthrough scientific results, as well as deliver impactful products. Promising future R&D is delineated including dual use associated with the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT). Important research themes as well as associated metrics are identified along with a progression of accomplishments, represented by a selected bibliography, that are precursors to major improvements to nuclear explosion monitoring.

  20. Restoration of Democracy and People’s Empowerment in Nepal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pyakuryal, Kailash N.

    2000-01-01

    of thought Hnd a<.:tiOll, access to informC1tion to develop UIU;'S potential and ability to carn a living. 20 Occtls;omd IltlfJl!r K. N. PJ'rtkurJ'fll 21 were expected 10 become th~ role lIlodels 10 thl: society as the) had preached ideals and politi... and human resource development at national and cOllllllunity level. REFEREN<;:ES Acharva. D.P.. & Bartlett. A. Cr. (1991). Implell/entation oj Call/Ill/miry . Fo/"es1J:1' Through IIser Crollps Exp~ri~ncc fro111 Naa Ko Thulo Ban in Kavcr Palanchok District...

  1. Scope and verification of a Fissile Material (Cutoff) Treaty

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hippel, Frank N. von [Program on Science and Global Security, Princeton University, 221 Nassau St., 2nd floor, Princeton, NJ 08542 (United States)

    2014-05-09

    A Fissile Material Cutoff Treaty (FMCT) would ban the production of fissile material - in practice highly-enriched uranium and separated plutonium - for weapons. It has been supported by strong majorities in the United Nations. After it comes into force, newly produced fissile materials could only be produced under international - most likely International Atomic Energy Agency - monitoring. Many non-weapon states argue that the treaty should also place under safeguards pre-existing stocks of fissile material in civilian use or declared excess for weapons so as to make nuclear-weapons reductions irreversible. This paper discusses the scope of the FMCT, the ability to detect clandestine production and verification challenges in the nuclear-weapons states.

  2. Gii thiu v trng UMass Amherst l trng ni ting trong h thng i Hc Mas-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    trng i hc vi 60% s sinh viên i hc ti các khu ký túc xá trong trng và thng thc các món n cng tin. Cng hc ca trng cng c ánh giá rt cao. Bng xp hng 5.000 chng trình tin s nm 2010 ca y Ban Nghiên Cu Quc Gia hc t thc. Tám ngành hc khác cng rt ni ting là: công ngh sinh hc ng vt, hóa k thut, hóa hc, công ngh

  3. ab initio Electronic Transport Model with Explicit Solution to the Linearized Boltzmann Transport Equation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Faghaninia, Alireza; Lo, Cynthia S

    2015-01-01

    Accurate models of carrier transport are essential for describing the electronic properties of semiconductor materials. To the best of our knowledge, the current models following the framework of the Boltzmann transport equation (BTE) either rely heavily on experimental data (i.e., semi-empirical), or utilize simplifying assumptions, such as the constant relaxation time approximation (BTE-cRTA). While these models offer valuable physical insights and accurate calculations of transport properties in some cases, they often lack sufficient accuracy -- particularly in capturing the correct trends with temperature and carrier concentration. We present here a general transport model for calculating low-field electrical drift mobility and Seebeck coefficient of n-type semiconductors, by explicitly considering all relevant physical phenomena (i.e. elastic and inelastic scattering mechanisms). We first rewrite expressions for the rates of elastic scattering mechanisms, in terms of ab initio properties, such as the ban...

  4. Arms control and nonproliferation technologies: The non-proliferation experiment. First quarter 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Staehle, G.; Stull, S.; Talaber, C.

    1994-05-01

    In this issue of Arms Control and Nonproliferation Technologies we present the initial findings of the recent Non-Proliferation Experiment (NPE), conducted by the Department of Energy at the Nevada Test Site. Through an introduction and pictorial walk-through, Marv Denny and Jay Zucca of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory describe the overall experiment. This is followed by scientific and technical abstracts of the complex suite of experiments and analyses, which were presented at the Symposium on Non-Proliferation Experiment Results and Implications for Test Ban Treaties, April 19--21, 1994. Questions regarding the ongoing analysis and conclusions from the NPE should be directed to Leslie Casey in the Office of Research and Development within the Office of Nonproliferation and National Security of DOE. Her phone number is 202-586-2151.

  5. Parallel Radioisotope Collection and Analysis in Response to the Fukushima Release

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Woods, Vincent T.; Bowyer, Ted W.; Biegalski, S.; Greenwood, Lawrence R.; Haas, Derek A.; Hayes, James C.; Lepel, Elwood A.; Miley, Harry S.; Morris, Scott J.

    2013-05-01

    Two independent air samplers were operated at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in parallel during the collection of samples from the Fukushima reactor releases. One system is an automated aerosol collection and analysis unit, while the other was a manual sampler of higher daily air volume. The samples collected each day showed excellent correlation in radionuclide activity, although some variations were seen. These variations illustrate the reproducibility of the air sample radionuclide measurements made by the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty International Monitoring System (IMS) and show a simple way to acquire useful parallel samples for scientific purposes. In particular, a party wishing to have a “copy” of a sample acquired by the verification regime of the treaty could employ this method and have results similar to the IMS station at low cost and even higher sensitivity.

  6. The rest mass of a system of two photons in different inertial reference frames: 0+0=0 and 0+0>0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berhard Rothenstein; Doru P?unescu; ?tefan Popescu

    2007-08-31

    We show that the rest mass of a system consisting of two photons is a relativistic invariant having the same magnitude in all inertial reference frames in relative motion. A scenario which starts with two photons where theirs frequencies are equal to each other the magnitude of the rest mass of the system depends on the angle made by the momentums of the two photons. The behavior of the photons when detected from two inertial reference frames is illustrated using a relativistic diagram which displays in true values the physical quantities (scalar and vector) introduced in order to characterize the dynamical properties of the photon. We consider that the obtained results should be taken in the discussions, some time fierce, between those who ban the concept of relativistic mass and those who consider that its use is harmless.

  7. The Jasons: The Secret History of Science's Postwar Elite

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Finkbeiner, Ann (Johns Hopkins University) [Johns Hopkins University

    2006-04-10

    This book is a history/profile of the group, called Jason, of academic scientists who advise the government. The book starts where the Manhattan Project ends -- with physicists trying to decide, having let the genie out of the bottle, how to get it back in again. One result of their attempts was Jason. Jason is 30 to 50 scientists who meet for six weeks every summer to answer questions for the government -- usually for the defense department or the intelligence community -- about national security issues. They specialize in studies for the Department of Energy on the technical backing for treaties to ban the bomb. Jason is unique, not only in this country, but in the world. The book is about the group's attempts to hold onto their scientific souls, remain independent, and still stay in business.

  8. Analysis and optimization of an active damping vehicle suspension subjected to random roadway disturbances 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coker, Christopher Franklin

    1992-01-01

    square stroke. rate at w 'c in r hi h ' creasing passive damp g damping reduces the 0. 5 1 Ba/Ban ""i"- K/Kn 2 2. 5 K n s usrs stroke vs. Bs snd Fig. 9 y- Sk -hook model mean square s nofBaan, o d K, h lding Bp constant at Bpn. a h of stroke as a... of passive damping, variations in active damp' g in have little influence on tire- force variation. 1. 4 F/Fn 1. 2 0. 8 K/Kn 0. 5 ', 1 1. 5 ' 1 Ba/Bpn 2 Flg. tz Sky-frock model mean square tire force variation vs. Ba and K Figure 12 is a graph...

  9. Future prospects for compression ignition fuel in California : fuel-related implications of possible pathways to mitigation of public health threats.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eberhardt, J. J.; Rote, D. M.; Saricks, C. L.; Stodolsky, F.

    1999-04-08

    This paper documents methods and results of an investigation of the options for and year 2010 consequences of possible new limitations on the use of diesel fuel in California, USA. California's Air Resources Board will undertake a risk management process to determine steps necessary to protect the health and safety of the public from carcinogenic species resident on diesel combustion exhaust particles. Environmental activist groups continue to call for the elimination of diesel fuel in California and other populous states. It is the declared intention of CARB not to ban or restrict diesel fuel, per se, at this time. Thus, two ''mid-course'' strategies now appear feasible: (1) Increased penetration of natural gas, LPG, and possibly lower alcohols into the transportation fuels market, to the extent that some Cl applications would revert to spark-ignition (SI) engines. (2) New specifications requiring diesel fuel reformulation based on more detailed investigation of exhaust products of individual diesel fuel constituents.

  10. Special lecture in memory of Glenn Theodore Seaborg (19 April 1912 - 25 February 1999) Glenn T. Seaborg's multi-faceted career

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hoffman, Darleane C.

    2001-11-01

    Glenn Theodore Seaborg (1912-1999) was a world-renowned nuclear chemist, a Nobel Laureate in chemistry in 1951, co-discoverer of plutonium and nine other transuranium elements, Chairman of the US Atomic Energy Commission from 1961-71, scientific advisor to ten US presidents, active in national and international professional societies, an advocate for nuclear power as well as for a comprehensive nuclear test ban treaty, a prolific writer, an avid hiker, environmentalist, and sports enthusiast. He was known and esteemed not only by chemists and other scientists throughout the world, but also by lay people, politicians, statesmen, and students of all ages. This memorial includes a brief glimpse of Glenn Seaborg's early life and education, describes some of his major contributions to nuclear science over his long and fruitful career, and highlights his profound influence on nuclear science, both in the US and in the international community.

  11. The Jasons

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Professor Ann Finkbeiner

    2006-04-10

    I'm a free-lance science writer, and have written a history/profile of the group, called Jason, of academic scientists who advise the government. The book starts where the Manhattan Project ends -- with physicists trying to decide, having let the genie out of the bottle, how to get it back in again. One result of their attempts was Jason. Jason is 30 to 50 scientists who meet for six weeks every summer to answer questions for the government -- usually for the defense department or the intelligence community -- about national security issues. They specialize in studies for the Department of Energy on the technical backing for treaties to ban the bomb. Jason is unique, not only in this country, but in the world. The book is about the group's attempts to hold onto their scientific souls, remain independent, and still stay in business.

  12. Alternatives to diesel fuel in California - fuel cycle energy and emission effects of possible replacements due to the TAC diesel particulate decision.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Saricks, C. L.; Rote, D. M.; Stodolsky, F.; Eberhardt, J. J.

    1999-12-03

    Limitations on petroleum-based diesel fuel in California could occur pursuant to the 1998 declaration by California's Air Resources Board (CARB) that the particulate matter component of diesel exhaust is a carcinogen, therefore a toxic air contaminant (TAC) subject to the state's Proposition 65. It is the declared intention of CARB not to ban or restrict diesel fuel per se, at this time. Assuming no total ban, Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) explored two feasible mid-course strategies, each of which results in some degree of (conventional) diesel displacement. In the first case, with substantial displacement of compression-ignition by spark-ignition engines, diesel fuel is assumed admissible for ignition assistance as a pilot fuel in natural gas (NG)-powered heavy-duty vehicles. Gasoline demand in California increases by 32.2 million liters (8.5 million gallons) per day overall, about 21% above projected 2010 baseline demand. Natural gas demand increases by 13.6 million diesel liter (3.6 million gallon) equivalents per day, about 7% above projected (total) consumption level. In the second case, compression-ignition engines utilize substitutes for petroleum-based diesel having similar ignition and performance properties. For each case the authors estimated localized air emission plus generalized greenhouse gas and energy changes. Fuel replacement by di-methyl ether yields the greatest overall reduction in NOX emissions, though all scenarios bring about PM{sub 10} reductions relative to the 2010 baseline, with greatest reductions from the first case described above and the least from fuel replacement by Fischer-Tropsch synthetic diesel. Economic implications of vehicle and engine replacement were not formally evaluated.

  13. Alternatives to conventional diesel fuel-some potential implications of California's TAC decision on diesel particulate.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eberhardt, J. J.; Rote, D. M.; Saricks, C. L.; Stodolsky, F.

    1999-08-10

    Limitations on the use of petroleum-based diesel fuel in California could occur pursuant to the 1998 declaration by California's Air Resources Board (CARB) that the particulate matter component of diesel exhaust is a carcinogen, therefore a toxic air contaminant (TAC) subject to provisions of the state's Proposition 65. It is the declared intention of CARB not to ban or restrict diesel fuel, per se, at this time. Assuming no total ban, Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) explored two feasible ''mid-course'' strategies. (1) Increased penetration of natural gas and greater gasoline use in the transportation fuels market, to the extent that some compression-ignition (CI) applications revert to spark-ignition (SI) engines. (2) New specifications requiring diesel fuel reformulation based on exhaust products of individual diesel fuel constituents. Each of these alternatives results in some degree of (conventional) diesel displacement. In the first case, diesel fuel is assumed admissible for ignition assistance as a pilot fuel in natural gas (NG)-powered heavy-duty vehicles, and gasoline demand in California increases by 32.2 million liters per day overall, about 21 percent above projected 2010 baseline demand. Natural gas demand increases by 13.6 million diesel liter equivalents per day, about 7 percent above projected (total) consumption level. In the second case, compression-ignition engines utilize substitutes for petroleum-based diesel having similar ignition and performance properties. For each case we estimated localized air emission plus generalized greenhouse gas and energy changes. Economic implications of vehicle and engine replacement were not evaluated.

  14. Alternatives to Diesel Fuel in California - Fuel Cycle Energy and Emission Effects of Possible Replacements Due to the TAC Diesel Particulate Decision

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Christopher L. Saraicks; Donald M. Rote; Frank Stodolsky; James J. Eberhardt

    2000-05-01

    Limitations on petroleum-based diesel fuel in California could occur pursuant to the 1998 declaration by California's Air Resources Board (CARB) that the particulate matter component of diesel exhaust is a carcinogen, therefore a toxic air contaminant (TAC) subject to the state's Proposition 65. It is the declared intention of CARB not to ban or restrict diesel fuel, per se, at this time. Assuming no total ban, Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) explored two feasible ''mid-course'' strategies, each of which results in some degree of (conventional) diesel displacement. In the first case, with substantial displacement of compression ignition by spark ignition engines, diesel fuel is assumed admissible for ignition assistance as a pilot fuel in natural gas (NG)-powered heavy-duty vehicles. Gasoline demand in California increases by 32.2 million liters (8.5 million gallons) per day overall, about 21 percent above projected 2010 baseline demand. Natural gas demand increases by 13.6 million diesel liter (3.6 million gallon) equivalents per day, about 7 percent above projected (total) consumption level. In the second case, ressionignition engines utilize substitutes for petroleum-based diesel having similar ignition and performance properties. For each case we estimated localized air emission plus generalized greenhouse gas and energy changes. Fuel replacement by di-methyl ether yields the greatest overall reduction in NOx emissions, though all scenarios bring about PM10 reductions relative to the 2010 baseline, with greatest reductions from the first case described above and the least from fuel replacement by Fischer-Tropsch synthetic diesel. Economic implications of vehicle and engine replacement were not formally evaluated.

  15. A Perspective on Long-Term Recovery Following the Fukushima Nuclear Accident - 12075

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, S.Y. [Environmental Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL (United States)

    2012-07-01

    The tragic events at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station began occurring on March 11, 2011, following Japan's unprecedented earthquake and tsunami. The subsequent loss of external power and on-site cooling capacity severely compromised the plant's safety systems, and subsequently, led to core melt in the affected reactors and damage to spent nuclear fuel in the storage pools. Together with hydrogen explosions, this resulted in a substantial release of radioactive material to the environment (mostly Iodine-131 and Cesium- 137), prompting an extensive evacuation effort. The latest release estimate places the event at the highest severity level (Level 7) on the International Nuclear Event Scale, the same as the Chernobyl accident of 1986. As the utility owner endeavored to stabilize the damaged facility, environmental contamination continued to propagate and affect every aspect of daily life in the affected region of Japan. Elevated levels of radioactivity (mostly dominated by Cs-137 with the passage of time) were found in soil, drinking water, vegetation, produce, seafood, and other foodstuffs. An estimated 80,000 to 90,000 people were evacuated; more evacuations are being contemplated months after the accident, and a vast amount of land has become contaminated. Early actions were taken to ban the shipment and sale of contaminated food and drinking water, followed by later actions to ban the shipment and sale of contaminated beef, mushrooms, and seafood. As the event continues to evolve toward stabilization, the long-term recovery effort needs to commence - a process that doubtless will involve rather complex decision-making interactions between various stakeholders. Key issues that may be encountered and considered in such a process include (1) socio-political factors, (2) local economic considerations, (3) land use options, (4) remediation approaches, (5) decontamination methods, (6) radioactive waste management, (7) cleanup levels and options, and (8) government policies, among others. This paper offers a perspective on this likely long and arduous journey toward establishing a 'new normal' that will ultimately take shape. Toward this end, it is important to evaluate the 'optimization' process advocated by the international community in achieving long-term recovery from this particularly fateful event in Fukushima. In the process, experience and lessons learned from past events will be fully evaluated and considered. (author)

  16. Estimates of Radioxenon Released from Southern Hemisphere Medical isotope Production Facilities Using Measured Air Concentrations and Atmospheric Transport Modeling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eslinger, Paul W.; Friese, Judah I.; Lowrey, Justin D.; McIntyre, Justin I.; Miley, Harry S.; Schrom, Brian T.

    2014-09-01

    Abstract The International Monitoring System (IMS) of the Comprehensive-Nuclear-Test-Ban-Treaty monitors the atmosphere for radioactive xenon leaking from underground nuclear explosions. Emissions from medical isotope production represent a challenging background signal when determining whether measured radioxenon in the atmosphere is associated with a nuclear explosion prohibited by the treaty. The Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation (ANSTO) operates a reactor and medical isotope production facility in Lucas Heights, Australia. This study uses two years of release data from the ANSTO medical isotope production facility and Xe-133 data from three IMS sampling locations to estimate the annual releases of Xe-133 from medical isotope production facilities in Argentina, South Africa, and Indonesia. Atmospheric dilution factors derived from a global atmospheric transport model were used in an optimization scheme to estimate annual release values by facility. The annual releases of about 6.8×1014 Bq from the ANSTO medical isotope production facility are in good agreement with the sampled concentrations at these three IMS sampling locations. Annual release estimates for the facility in South Africa vary from 1.2×1016 to 2.5×1016 Bq and estimates for the facility in Indonesia vary from 6.1×1013 to 3.6×1014 Bq. Although some releases from the facility in Argentina may reach these IMS sampling locations, the solution to the objective function is insensitive to the magnitude of those releases.

  17. Physiological effects following administration of Citrus aurantium for 28 days in rats

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hansen, Deborah K.; Pellicore, Linda S.

    2012-06-15

    Background: Since ephedra-containing dietary supplements were banned from the US market, manufacturers changed their formulations by eliminating ephedra and replacing with other botanicals, including Citrus aurantium, or bitter orange. Bitter orange contains, among other compounds, synephrine, a chemical that is chemically similar to ephedrine. Since ephedrine may have cardiovascular effects, the goal of this study was to investigate the cardiovascular effects of various doses of bitter orange extract and pure synephrine in rats. Method: Female Sprague–Dawley rats were dosed daily by gavage for 28 days with synephrine from two different extracts. One extract contained 6% synephrine, and the other extract contained 95% synephrine. Doses were 10 or 50 mg synephrine/kg body weight from each extract. Additionally, caffeine was added to these doses, since many dietary supplements also contain caffeine. Telemetry was utilized to monitor heart rate, blood pressure, body temperature and QT interval in all rats. Results and conclusion: Synephrine, either as the bitter orange extract or as pure synephrine, increased heart rate and blood pressure. Animals treated with 95% synephrine showed minimal effects on heart rate and blood pressure; more significant effects were observed with the bitter orange extract suggesting that other components in the botanical can alter these physiological parameters. The increases in heart rate and blood pressure were more pronounced when caffeine was added. None of the treatments affected uncorrected QT interval in the absence of caffeine.

  18. Proceedings of the 2011 Monitoring Research Review: Ground-Based Nuclear Explosion Monitoring Technologies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wetovsky, Marvin A.; Patterson, Eileen F.; Sandoval, Marisa N.

    2011-09-13

    These proceedings contain papers prepared for the Monitoring Research Review 2011: Ground-Based Nuclear Explosion Monitoring Technologies, held 13-15 September, 2011 in Tucson, Arizona. These papers represent the combined research related to ground-based nuclear explosion monitoring funded by the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA), Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL), US Army Space and Missile Defense Command, Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO), National Science Foundation (NSF), and other invited sponsors. The scientific objectives of the research are to improve the United States' capability to detect, locate, and identify nuclear explosions. The purpose of the meeting is to provide the sponsoring agencies, as well as potential users, an opportunity to review research accomplished during the preceding year and to discuss areas of investigation for the coming year. For the researchers, it provides a forum for the exchange of scientific information toward achieving program goals, and an opportunity to discuss results and future plans. Paper topics include: seismic regionalization and calibration; detection and location of sources; wave propagation from source to receiver; the nature of seismic sources, including mining practices; hydroacoustic, infrasound, and radionuclide methods; on-site inspection; and data processing.

  19. Proceedings of the 2010 Monitoring Research Review: Ground-Based Nuclear Explosion Monitoring Technologies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wetovsky, Marvin A.; Patterson, Eileen F.

    2010-09-21

    These proceedings contain papers prepared for the Monitoring Research Review 2010: Ground-Based Nuclear Explosion Monitoring Technologies, held 21-23 September, 2010 in Orlando, Florida,. These papers represent the combined research related to ground-based nuclear explosion monitoring funded by the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL), US Army Space and Missile Defense Command, National Science Foundation (NSF), Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO), and other invited sponsors. The scientific objectives of the research are to improve the United States capability to detect, locate, and identify nuclear explosions. The purpose of the meeting is to provide the sponsoring agencies, as well as potential users, an opportunity to review research accomplished during the preceding year and to discuss areas of investigation for the coming year. For the researchers, it provides a forum for the exchange of scientific information toward achieving program goals, and an opportunity to discuss results and future plans. Paper topics include: seismic regionalization and calibration; detection and location of sources; wave propagation from source to receiver; the nature of seismic sources, including mining practices; hydroacoustic, infrasound, and radionuclide methods; on-site inspection; and data processing.

  20. Evaluation of Cavity Collapse and Surface Crater Formation at the Norbo Underground Nuclear Test in U8c, Nevada Nuclear Security Site, and the Impact on Stability of the Ground Surface

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pawloski, G A

    2012-06-18

    Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) Containment Program performed a review of nuclear test-related data for the Norbo underground nuclear test in U8c to assist in evaluating this legacy site as a test bed for application technologies for use in On-Site Inspections (OSI) under the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty. This request is similar to one made for the Salut site in U8c (Pawloski, 2012b). Review of the Norbo site is complicated because the test first exhibited subsurface collapse, which was not unusual, but it then collapsed to the surface over one year later, which was unusual. Of particular interest is the stability of the ground surface above the Norbo detonation point. Proposed methods for on-site verification include radiological signatures, artifacts from nuclear testing activities, and imaging to identify alteration to the subsurface hydrogeology due to the nuclear detonation. Aviva Sussman from the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) has also proposed work at this site. Both proposals require physical access at or near the ground surface of specific underground nuclear test locations at the Nevada Nuclear Security Site (NNSS), formerly the Nevada Test Site (NTS), and focus on possible activities such as visual observation, multispectral measurements, and shallow and deep geophysical surveys.

  1. Glass composition development for stabilization of lead based paints

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marra, J.C.

    1996-10-01

    Exposure to lead can lead to adverse health affects including permanent damage to the central nervous system. Common means of exposure to lead are from ingestion of lead paint chips or breathing of dust from deteriorating painted surfaces. The U.S. Army has over 101 million square feet of buildings dating to World War II or earlier. Many of these structures were built before the 1978 ban on lead based paints. The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers CERL is developing technologies to remove and stabilize lead containing organic coatings. Promising results have been achieved using a patented flame spray process that utilizes a glass frit to stabilize the hazardous constituents. When the glass frit is sprayed onto the paint containing substrate, differences in thermal expansion coefficients between the frit and the paint results in spalling of the paint from the substrate surface. The removed fragments are then collected and remelted to stabilize the hazardous constituents and allow for disposal as non-hazardous waste. Similar successful results using a patented process involving microwave technology for paint removal have also been achieved. In this process, the painted surface is coated with a microwave coupling compound that when exposed to microwave energy results in the spalling of the hazardous paint from the surface. The fragments can again be accumulated and remelted for stabilization and disposal.

  2. Demonstration of base catalyzed decomposition process, Navy Public Works Center, Guam, Mariana Islands

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schmidt, A.J.; Freeman, H.D.; Brown, M.D.; Zacher, A.H.; Neuenschwander, G.N.; Wilcox, W.A.; Gano, S.R.; Kim, B.C.; Gavaskar, A.R.

    1996-02-01

    Base Catalyzed Decomposition (BCD) is a chemical dehalogenation process designed for treating soils and other substrate contaminated with polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB), pesticides, dioxins, furans, and other hazardous organic substances. PCBs are heavy organic liquids once widely used in industry as lubricants, heat transfer oils, and transformer dielectric fluids. In 1976, production was banned when PCBs were recognized as carcinogenic substances. It was estimated that significant quantities (one billion tons) of U.S. soils, including areas on U.S. military bases outside the country, were contaminated by PCB leaks and spills, and cleanup activities began. The BCD technology was developed in response to these activities. This report details the evolution of the process, from inception to deployment in Guam, and describes the process and system components provided to the Navy to meet the remediation requirements. The report is divided into several sections to cover the range of development and demonstration activities. Section 2.0 gives an overview of the project history. Section 3.0 describes the process chemistry and remediation steps involved. Section 4.0 provides a detailed description of each component and specific development activities. Section 5.0 details the testing and deployment operations and provides the results of the individual demonstration campaigns. Section 6.0 gives an economic assessment of the process. Section 7.0 presents the conclusions and recommendations form this project. The appendices contain equipment and instrument lists, equipment drawings, and detailed run and analytical data.

  3. Evolving perceptions of security - US National Security surveys 1993--1995. Progress report, September 30, 1995--November 14, 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Herron, K.G.; Jenkins-Smith, H.C.

    1996-06-01

    This study analyzes findings from a national survey of 2,490 randomly selected members of the US public conducted between September 30 and November 14, 1995. It provides an over time comparison of public perceptions about nuclear weapons risks and benefits and key nuclear policy issues between 1993 and 1995. Other areas of investigation include policy preferences regarding nuclear proliferation, terrorism, US/Russian nuclear cooperation, and personal security. Public perceptions of post-cold war security were found to be evolving in unexpected ways. The perceived threat of nuclear conflict involving the US had not declined, and the threat of nuclear conflict between other countries and fears of nuclear proliferation and terrorism had increased. Perceived risks associated with managing the US nuclear arsenal were also higher. Perceptions of external and domestic benefits from US nuclear weapons were not declining. Support was found for increasing funding for nuclear weapons safety, training, and maintenance, but most respondents favored decreasing funding for developing and testing new nuclear weapons. Strong support was evident for programs and funding to prevent nuclear proliferation and terrorism. Though skeptical that nuclear weapons can be eliminated, most respondents supported reducing the US nuclear arsenal, banning nuclear test explosions, and ending production of fissile materials to make nuclear weapons. Statistically significant relationships were found between perceptions of nuclear weapons risks and benefits and policy and spending preferences. Demographic variables and basic social and political beliefs were systematically related both to risk and benefit perceptions and policy and spending options.

  4. New Horizons and New Strategies in Arms Control

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, J. editor

    1998-12-04

    In the last ten years, since the break-up of the Soviet Union, remarkable progress in arms control and disarmament has occurred. The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), the completion of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT), and the Chemical Weapons Treaty (CWC) are indicative of the great strides made in the non- proliferation arena. Simultaneously, the Intermediate Nuclear Forces Treaty (INF), the Conventional Forces Treaty in Europe (CFE), and the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaties (START), all associated with US-Soviet Union (now Russia) relations have assisted in redefining European relations and the security landscape. Finally, it now appears that progress is in the offing in developing enhanced compliance measures for the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention (BTWC). In sum, all of these achievements have set the stage for the next round of arms control activities, which may lead to a much broader, and perhaps more diffused multilateral agenda. In this new and somewhat unpredictable international setting, arms control and disarmament issues will require solutions that are both more creative and innovative than heretofore.

  5. Analysis of volatile contaminants in US Navy fleet soda lime. Technical report, August 1992-May 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lillo, R.S.; Ruby, R.; Gummin, D.D.; Porter, W.R.; Caldwell, J.M.

    1995-06-01

    Contamination was suspected of U.S. Navy Fleet soda lime (High Performance Sodasorb(R)) when an ammonia-like odor was reported during its use in August 1992. This material contained indicator dye and was used for carbon dioxide absorption during diving. This incident had a major impact on the U.S Navy diving program when the Navy temporarily banned use of Sodasorb(R) and authorized Sofnolime(R) as an interim replacement. The Naval Medical Research Institute was immediately assigned to investigate. Testing involved sampling from the headspace (gas space) inside closed buckets and from an apparatus simulating conditions during operational diving. Volatile organic compounds were analyzed by gas chromatography and mass spectrometry; ammonia and amines were measured by infrared spectroscopy. Significant amounts of ammonia (up to 30 ppm), ethyl and diethyl amines (up to several ppm), and various aliphatic hydrocarbons (up to 60 ppm) were detected during testing of both Sodasorb(R) and Sofnolime(R). Contaminants were slowly removed by gas flow and did not return. The source(s) of the ammonia and amines are unknown, although they may result from the breakdown of the indicator dye. Hydrocarbon contamination appeared to result from the materials of which the bucket is constructed. Based on these findings, the U.S. Navy is expected to phase in non-indicating soda lime that will be required to meet defined contaminant limits.

  6. Thermoacoustic refrigeration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garrett, S.L.; Hofler, T.J. )

    1992-12-01

    Shortly after their introduction, chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) used as working fluids in a vapor compression (Rankine) refrigeration cycle became dominant in almost all small and medium-scale food refrigerator/freezer and building/residential air-conditioning applications. That situation is about to change dramatically and, at this moment, unpredictably. Two recent events are responsible for the new era in refrigeration that will dawn before the beginning of the 21st Century. The most significant of these is the international ban on the production of CFCs which were found to be destroying the Earth's protective ozone layer. The second event was the discovery of high temperature superconductors and the development of high speed and high density electronic circuits that require active cooling. It is the purpose of this article to introduce an entirely new approach to refrigeration that was first discovered in the early 1980s. This new approach-thermoacoustic refrigeration-uses high intensity sound waves to pump heat, with inert gases as the working fluid.

  7. Impacts of Increased Access to Oil & Natural Gas Resources in the Lower 48 Federal Outer Continental Shelf (released in AEO2007)

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2007-01-01

    This analysis was updated for Annual Energy Outlook 2009 (AEO): Impact of Limitations on Access to Oil and Natural Gas Resources in the Federal Outer Continental Shelf (OCS). The OCS is estimated to contain substantial resources of crude oil and natural gas; however, some areas of the OCS are subject to drilling restrictions. With energy prices rising over the past several years, there has been increased interest in the development of more domestic oil and natural gas supply, including OCS resources. In the past, federal efforts to encourage exploration and development activities in the deep waters of the OCS have been limited primarily to regulations that would reduce royalty payments by lease holders. More recently, the states of Alaska and Virginia have asked the federal government to consider leasing in areas off their coastlines that are off limits as a result of actions by the President or Congress. In response, the Minerals Management Service (MMS) of the U.S. Department of the Interior has included in its proposed 5-year leasing plan for 2007-2012 sales of one lease in the Mid-Atlantic area off the coastline of Virginia and two leases in the North Aleutian Basin area of Alaska. Development in both areas still would require lifting of the current ban on drilling.

  8. Visual Sample Plan (VSP) Statistical Software as Related to the CTBTO’s On-Site Inspection Procedure

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pulsipher, Trenton C.; Walsh, Stephen J.; Pulsipher, Brent A.; Milbrath, Brian D.

    2010-09-01

    In the event of a potential nuclear weapons test the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO) is commissioned to conduct an on-site investigation (OSI) of the suspected test site in an effort to find confirmatory evidence of the nuclear test. The OSI activities include collecting air, surface soil, and underground samples to search for indications of a nuclear weapons test - these indicators include radionuclides and radioactive isotopes Ar and Xe. This report investigates the capability of the Visual Sample Plan (VSP) software to contribute to the sampling activities of the CTBTO during an OSI. VSP is a statistical sampling design software, constructed under data quality objectives, which has been adapted for environmental remediation and contamination detection problems for the EPA, US Army, DoD and DHS among others. This report provides discussion of a number of VSP sample designs, which may be pertinent to the work undertaken during an OSI. Examples and descriptions of such designs include hot spot sampling, combined random and judgment sampling, multiple increment sampling, radiological transect surveying, and a brief description of other potentially applicable sampling methods. Further, this work highlights a potential need for the use of statistically based sample designs in OSI activities. The use of such designs may enable canvassing a sample area without full sampling, provide a measure of confidence that radionuclides are not present, and allow investigators to refocus resources in other areas of concern.

  9. Regional seismic discrimination research at LLNL

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walter, W.R.; Mayeda, K.M.; Goldstein, P.; Patton, H.J.; Jarpe, S.; Glenn, L.

    1995-10-01

    The ability to verify a Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) depends in part on the ability to seismically detect and discriminate between potential clandestine underground nuclear tests and other seismic sources, including earthquakes and mining activities. Regional techniques are necessary to push detection and discrimination levels down to small magnitudes, but existing methods of event discrimination are mainly empirical and show much variability from region to region. The goals of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory`s (LLNL`s) regional discriminant research are to evaluate the most promising discriminants, improve the understanding of their physical basis and use this information to develop new and more effective discriminants that can be transported to new regions of high monitoring interest. In this report the authors discuss preliminary efforts to geophysically characterize the Middle East and North Africa. They show that the remarkable stability of coda allows one to develop physically based, stable single station magnitude scales in new regions. They then discuss progress to date on evaluating and improving physical understanding and ability to model regional discriminants, focusing on the comprehensive NTS dataset. The authors apply this modeling ability to develop improved discriminants including slopes of P to S ratios. They find combining disparate discriminant techniques is particularly effective in identifying consistent outliers such as shallow earthquakes and mine seismicity. Finally they discuss development and use of new coda and waveform modeling tools to investigate special events.

  10. Status report on new whole waveform discriminants and preliminary results (Deliverable {number_sign}12)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walter, W.R.

    1995-06-01

    The Treaty Verification Program at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory has made good progress during fiscal year 1995 on devising and testing whole seismic waveform modeling methods to identify seismic events using only a few stations. This research is carried out under the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty Research and Development Program (CTBTR and D) under task S4.3.4. For regions where the path is calibrated, this modeling can potentially identify and discriminate between clandestine underground nuclear events and other sources of seismic waves such as earthquakes and mine collapses. In regions where the path is not calibrated but is seismically active, the author is investigating the use of moderate to large earthquakes to obtain the necessary path calibration. Research has focused on improving whole waveform techniques for determining the source mechanism of moderate (magnitude greater than about 3.5) seismic events from a few three-component broadband sensors in regions where the paths are calibrated. Presently the author is also using these waveform techniques in new regions to test and improve path calibrations as well as to identify events. As part of this work, he has applied these waveform techniques to events of high monitoring interest with excellent results. In this report he discusses fitting three main types of events, explosions, earthquakes and mine collapses.

  11. The Soviet program for peaceful uses of nuclear explosions. Revision 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nordyke, M.D.

    1996-10-01

    An extensive review is given of the US and Russian efforts on peaceful uses of nuclear explosions (PNE). The Soviet PNE program was many times larger than the US Plowshare program in terms of both the number of applications explored with field experiments and the extent to which they were introduced into industrial use. Several PNE applications, such as deep seismic sounding and oil stimulation, have been explored in depth and appear to have had a positive cost benefit at minimal public risk. Closure of runaway gas wells is another possible application where all other techniques fail. However, the fundamental problem with PNEs is the fact that, if they are to be economically significant, there must be widespread use of the technology, involving large numbers of sites, each of which presents a potential source of radioactivity to the environment and nearby communities. Russia now has more than 100 sites where significant high-level radioactivity has been buried. Experience over the last 20 years in US and in today`s Russia shows that it is virtually impossible to gain public acceptance of such applications of nuclear energy. In addition, PNEs also pose a difficult problem in the arms control area. Under a comprehensive test ban, any country conducting PNEs would, in appearance if not in fact, receive information useful for designing new nuclear weapons or maintaining an existing nuclear stockpile, information denied to the other parties to the treaty. 6 tabs, 10 figs.

  12. Stockpile stewardship past, present, and future

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Adams, Marvin L., E-mail: mladams@tamu.edu [Institute for National Security Education and Research, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843-3133 (United States)

    2014-05-09

    The U.S. National Academies released a report in 2012 on technical issues related to the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty. One important question addressed therein is whether the U.S. could maintain a safe, secure, and reliable nuclear-weapons stockpile in the absence of nuclear-explosion testing. Here we discuss two main conclusions from the 2012 Academies report, which we paraphrase as follows: 1) Provided that sufficient resources and a national commitment to stockpile stewardship are in place, the U.S. has the technical capabilities to maintain a safe, secure, and reliable stockpile of nuclear weapons into the foreseeable future without nuclear-explosion testing. 2) Doing this would require: a) a strong weapons science and engineering program that addresses gaps in understanding; b) an outstanding workforce that applies deep and broad weapons expertise to deliver solutions to stockpile problems; c) a vigorous, stable surveillance program that delivers the requisite data; d) production facilities that meet stewardship needs. We emphasize that these conclusions are independent of CTBT ratification-they apply provided only that the U.S. continues its nuclear-explosion moratorium.

  13. Demonstration of alcohol as an aviation fuel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-07-01

    A recently funded Southeastern Regional Biomass Energy Program (SERBEP) project with Baylor University will demonstrate the effectiveness of ethanols as an aviation fuel while providing several environmental and economic benefits. Part of this concern is caused by the petroleum industry. The basis for the petroleum industry to find an alternative aviation fuel will be dictated mainly by economic considerations. Three other facts compound the problem. First is the disposal of oil used in engines burning leaded fuel. This oil will contain too much lead to be burned in incinerators and will have to be treated as a toxic waste with relatively high disposal fees. Second, as a result of a greater demand for alkalites to be used in the automotive reformulated fuel, the costs of these components are likely to increase. Third, the Montreal Protocol will ban in 1998 the use of Ethyl-Di-Bromide, a lead scavenger used in leaded aviation fuel. Without a lead scavenger, leaded fuels cannot be used. The search for alternatives to leaded aviation fuels has been underway by different organizations for some time. As part of the search for alternatives, the Renewable Aviation Fuels Development Center (RAFDC) at Baylor University in Waco, Texas, has received a grant from the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) to improve the efficiencies of ethanol powered aircraft engines and to test other non-petroleum alternatives to aviation fuel.

  14. Evaluation of Cavity Collapse and Surface Crater Formation at the Salut Underground Nuclear Test in U20ak, Nevada National Security Site, and the Impact of Stability of the Ground Surface

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pawloski, G A

    2012-04-25

    At the request of Jerry Sweeney, the LLNL Containment Program performed a review of nuclear test-related data for the Salut underground nuclear test in U20ak to assist in evaluating this legacy site as a test bed for application technologies for use in On-Site Inspections (OSI) under the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty. Review of the Salut site is complicated because the test experienced a subsurface, rather than surface, collapse. Of particular interest is the stability of the ground surface above the Salut detonation point. Proposed methods for on-site verification include radiological signatures, artifacts from nuclear testing activities, and imaging to identify alteration to the subsurface hydrogeologogy due to the nuclear detonation. Sweeney's proposal requires physical access at or near the ground surface of specific underground nuclear test locations at the Nevada Nuclear Test Site (NNSS, formerly the Nevada Test Site), and focuses on possible activities such as visual observation, multispectral measurements, and shallow, and deep geophysical surveys.

  15. Calibration of an ultra-low-background proportional counter for measuring {sup 37}Ar

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Seifert, A.; Aalseth, C. E.; Bonicalzi, R. M.; Bowyer, T. W.; Day, A. R.; Fuller, E. S.; Haas, D. A.; Hayes, J. C.; Hoppe, E. W.; Humble, P. H.; Keillor, M. E.; LaFerriere, B. D.; Mace, E. K.; McIntyre, J. I.; Merriman, J. H.; Miley, H. S.; Myers, A. W.; Orrell, J. L.; Overman, C. T.; Panisko, M. E. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, 902 Battelle Boulevard, Richland, Washington, 99352 (United States)] [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, 902 Battelle Boulevard, Richland, Washington, 99352 (United States); and others

    2013-08-08

    An ultra-low-background proportional counter design has been developed at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) using clean materials, primarily electro-chemically-purified copper. This detector, along with an ultra-low-background counting system (ULBCS), was developed to complement a new shallow underground laboratory (30 meters water-equivalent) at PNNL. The ULBCS design includes passive neutron and gamma shielding, along with an active cosmic-veto system. This system provides a capability for making ultra-sensitive measurements to support applications like age-dating soil hydrocarbons with {sup 14}C/{sup 3}H, age-dating of groundwater with {sup 39}Ar, and soil-gas assay for {sup 37}Ar to support On-Site Inspection (OSI). On-Site Inspection is a key component of the verification regime for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT). Measurements of radionuclides created by an underground nuclear explosion are valuable signatures of a Treaty violation. For OSI, the 35-day half-life of {sup 37}Ar, produced from neutron interactions with calcium in soil, provides both high specific activity and sufficient time for inspection before decay limits sensitivity. This work describes the calibration techniques and analysis methods developed to enable quantitative measurements of {sup 37}Ar samples over a broad range of proportional counter operating pressures. These efforts, along with parallel work in progress on gas chemistry separation, are expected to provide a significant new capability for {sup 37}Ar soil gas background studies.

  16. Analysis of data from sensitive U.S. monitoring stations for the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear reactor accident

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Biegalski, Steven R.; Bowyer, Ted W.; Eslinger, Paul W.; Friese, Judah I.; Greenwood, Lawrence R.; Haas, Derek A.; Hayes, James C.; Hoffman, Ian; Keillor, Martin E.; Miley, Harry S.; Morin, Marc P.

    2012-12-01

    The March 11, 2011 9.0 magnitude undersea megathrust earthquake off the coast of Japan and subsequent tsunami waves triggered a major nuclear event at the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power station. At the time of the event, units 1, 2, and 3 were operating and units 4, 5, and 6 were in a shutdown condition for maintenance. Loss of cooling capacity to the plants along with structural damage caused by the earthquake and tsunami resulted in a breach of the nuclear fuel integrity and release of radioactive fission products to the environment. Fission products started to arrive in the United States via atmospheric transport on March 15, 2011 and peaked by March 23, 2011. Atmospheric activity concentrations of 131I reached levels of 3.0 * 10*2 Bqm*3 in Melbourne, FL. The noble gas 133Xe reached atmospheric activity concentrations in Ashland, KS of 17 Bqm*3. While these levels are not health concerns, they were well above the detection capability of the radionuclide monitoring systems within the International Monitoring System of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty.

  17. Measurements of Worldwide Radioxenon Backgrounds - The "EU" Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bowyer, Ted W.; Cooper, Matthew W.; Hayes, James C.; Forrester, Joel B.; Haas, Derek A.; Hansen, Randy R.; Keller, Paul E.; Kirkham, Randy R.; Lidey, Lance S.; McIntyre, Justin I.; Miley, Harry S.; Payne, Rosara F.; Saey, Paul R.; Thompson, Robert C.; Woods, Vincent T.; Williams, Richard M.

    2009-09-24

    Under the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT), radioactive xenon (radioxenon) measurements are one of the principle techniques used to detect nuclear underground nuclear explosions, and specifically, the presence of one or more radioxenon isotopes allows one to determine whether a suspected event was a nuclear explosion or originated from an innocent source. During the design of the International Monitoring System (IMS), which was designed as the verification mechanism for the Treaty, it was determined that radioxenon measurements should be performed at 40 or more stations worldwide. At the time of the design of the IMS, however, very few details about the background of the xenon isotopes was known and it is now recognized that the backgrounds were probably evolving anyhow. This paper lays out the beginning of a study of the worldwide concentrations of xenon isotopes that can be used to detect nuclear explosions and several sources that also release radioxenons, and will have to be accounted for during analysis of atmospheric levels. Although the global concentrations of the xenon isotopes are the scope of a much larger activity that could span over several years, this study measures radioxenon concentrations in locations where there was either very little information or there was a unique opportunity to learn more about emissions from known sources. The locations where radioxenon levels were measured and reported are included.

  18. Proceedings of the 30th Monitoring Research Review: Ground-Based Nuclear Explosion Monitoring

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wetovsky, Marv A; Aguilar-chang, Julio; Arrowsmith, Marie; Arrowsmith, Stephen; Baker, Diane; Begnaud, Michael; Harste, Hans; Maceira, Monica; Patton, Howard; Phillips, Scott; Randall, George; Revelle, Douglas; Rowe, Charlotte; Stead, Richard; Steck, Lee; Whitaker, Rod; Yang, Xiaoning

    2008-09-23

    These proceedings contain papers prepared for the 30th Monitoring Research Review: Ground-Based Nuclear Explosion Monitoring Technologies, held 23-25 September, 2008 in Portsmouth, Virginia. These papers represent the combined research related to ground-based nuclear explosion monitoring funded by the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), Air Force Technical Applications Center (AFTAC), Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL), US Army Space and Missile Defense Command, Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO), and other invited sponsors. The scientific objectives of the research are to improve the United States’ capability to detect, locate, and identify nuclear explosions. The purpose of the meeting is to provide the sponsoring agencies, as well as potential users, an opportunity to review research accomplished during the preceding year and to discuss areas of investigation for the coming year. For the researchers, it provides a forum for the exchange of scientific information toward achieving program goals, and an opportunity to discuss results and future plans. Paper topics include: seismic regionalization and calibration; detection and location of sources; wave propagation from source to receiver; the nature of seismic sources, including mining practices; hydroacoustic, infrasound, and radionuclide methods; on-site inspection; and data processing.

  19. NetMOD version 1.0 user%3CU%2B2019%3Es manual.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Merchant, Bion John

    2014-01-01

    NetMOD (Network Monitoring for Optimal Detection) is a Java-based software package for conducting simulation of seismic networks. Specifically, NetMOD simulates the detection capabilities of seismic monitoring networks. Network simulations have long been used to study network resilience to station outages and to determine where additional stations are needed to reduce monitoring thresholds. NetMOD makes use of geophysical models to determine the source characteristics, signal attenuation along the path between the source and station, and the performance and noise properties of the station. These geophysical models are combined to simulate the relative amplitudes of signal and noise that are observed at each of the stations. From these signal-to-noise ratios (SNR), the probability of detection can be computed given a detection threshold. This manual describes how to configure and operate NetMOD to perform seismic detection simulations. In addition, NetMOD is distributed with a simulation dataset for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO) International Monitoring System (IMS) seismic network for the purpose of demonstrating NetMOD's capabilities and providing user training. The tutorial sections of this manual use this dataset when describing how to perform the steps involved when running a simulation.

  20. Proceedings of the 2009 Monitoring Research Review: Ground-Based Nuclear Explosion Monitoring Technologies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wetovsky, Marv A; Aguilar - Chang, Julio; Anderson, Dale; Arrowsmith, Marie; Arrowsmith, Stephen; Baker, Diane; Begnaud, Michael; Harste, Hans; Maceira, Monica; Patton, Howard; Phillips, Scott; Randall, George; Rowe, Charlotte; Stead, Richard; Steck, Lee; Whitaker, Rod; Yang, Xiaoning

    2009-09-21

    These proceedings contain papers prepared for the Monitoring Research Review 2009: Ground -Based Nuclear Explosion Monitoring Technologies, held 21-23 September, 2009 in Tucson, Arizona,. These papers represent the combined research related to ground-based nuclear explosion monitoring funded by the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL), US Army Space and Missile Defense Command, Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO), and other invited sponsors. The scientific objectives of the research are to improve the United States’ capability to detect, locate, and identify nuclear explosions. The purpose of the meeting is to provide the sponsoring agencies, as well as potential users, an opportunity to review research accomplished during the preceding year and to discuss areas of investigation for the coming year. For the researchers, it provides a forum for the exchange of scientific information toward achieving program goals, and an opportunity to discuss results and future plans. Paper topics include: seismic regionalization and calibration; detection and location of sources; wave propagation from source to receiver; the nature of seismic sources, including mining practices; hydroacoustic, infrasound, and radionuclide methods; on-site inspection; and data processing.

  1. Xe-135 Production from Cf-252

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    C. A. McGrath; T. P. Houghton; J. K. Pfeiffer; R. K. Hague

    2012-03-01

    135Xe is a good indicator that fission has occurred and is a valuable isotope that helps enforce the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty. Due to its rather short half life and minimal commercial interest, there are no known sources where 135Xe can be purchased. Readily available standards of this isotope for calibrating collection and analytical techniques would be very useful. 135Xe can be produced in the fissioning of actinide isotopes, or by neutron capture on 134Xe. Since the neutron capture cross section of 134Xe is 3 mB, neutron capture is a low yield, though potentially useful, production route. 135Xe is also produced by spontaneous fission of 252Cf. 252Cf has a spontaneous fission rate of about 6 x 1011 s-1g-1. The cumulative yield from the spontaneous fission of 252Cf is 4.19%; and the competing neutron capture reaction that depletes 135Xe in thermal reactor systems is negligible because the neutron capture cross-section is low for fast fission neutrons. At the INL, scientists have previously transported fission products from an electroplated 252Cf thin source for the measurement of nuclear data of short-lived fission products using a technique called He-Jet collection. We have applied a similar system to the collection of gaseous 135Xe, in order to produce valuable standards of this isotope.

  2. Advanced Test Reactor National Scientific User Facility (ATR NSUF) Monthly ReportJanuary 2015

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Soelberg, Renae

    2015-01-01

    Highlights; Mike Worley and Shane Johnson visited INL Jan. 22 for an NSUF strategy discussion; Rory Kennedy attended a NSLS-2 Beamline Advisory Team meeting at Brookhaven; Provided a final cost estimate to the NSUF Program Office in support of the NEET/NSUF proposal, “Metal-ceramic and metal-metal composites for extreme radiation and temperature environment: An in situ interface stability and mechanical behavior study by high energy x-ray diffraction with a synchrotron probe.”; Assisted in the development of conceptual designs and performed a preliminary thermal hydraulic analysis for two NEET/NSUF proposals. The challenge for both experiments is to provide high (>1000 C and up to 1600 C)) specimen temperatures in a small space (0.5" diameter ATR Outboard A-position) without overheating the coolant. Several designs were analyzed and found to be feasible, although detailed design and analysis will be required after the projects are awarded; and A single USU TEM specimen is packaged and awaiting shipment from MFC to CAES. Once at CAES, SEM, TEM and LEAP analysis will be performed. Professor Ban has requested additional sub-samples to be made to take back to his laboratory at USU for thermal diffusivity studies.

  3. Proceedings of the 28th Seismic Research Review: Ground-Based Nuclear Explosion Monitoring Technologies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wetovsky, Marvin A.; Benson, Jody; Patterson, Eileen F.

    2006-09-19

    These proceedings contain papers prepared for the 28th Seismic Research Review: Ground-Based Nuclear Explosion Monitoring Technologies, held 19-21 September, 2006 in Orlando, Florida. These papers represent the combined research related to ground-based nuclear explosion monitoring funded by the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), Air Force Technical Applications Center (AFTAC), Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL), US Army Space and Missile Defense Command, Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO), and other invited sponsors. The scientific objectives of the research are to improve the United States capability to detect, locate, and identify nuclear explosions. The purpose of the meeting is to provide the sponsoring agencies, as well as potential users, an opportunity to review research accomplished during the preceding year and to discuss areas of investigation for the coming year. For the researchers, it provides a forum for the exchange of scientific information toward achieving program goals, and an opportunity to discuss results and future plans. Paper topics include: seismic regionalization and calibration; detection and location of sources; wave propagation from source to receiver; the nature of seismic sources, including mining practices; hydroacoustic, infrasound, and radionuclide methods; on-site inspection; and data processing.

  4. Proceedings of the 29th Monitoring Research Review: Ground-Based Nuclear Explosion Monitoring Technologies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wetovsky, Marvin A.; Benson, Jody; Patterson, Eileen F.

    2007-09-25

    These proceedings contain papers prepared for the 29th Monitoring Research Review: Ground-Based Nuclear Explosion Monitoring Technologies, held 25-27 September, 2007 in Denver, Colorado. These papers represent the combined research related to ground-based nuclear explosion monitoring funded by the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), Air Force Technical Applications Center (AFTAC), Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL), US Army Space and Missile Defense Command, Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO), and other invited sponsors. The scientific objectives of the research are to improve the United States capability to detect, locate, and identify nuclear explosions. The purpose of the meeting is to provide the sponsoring agencies, as well as potential users, an opportunity to review research accomplished during the preceding year and to discuss areas of investigation for the coming year. For the researchers, it provides a forum for the exchange of scientific information toward achieving program goals, and an opportunity to discuss results and future plans. Paper topics include: seismic regionalization and calibration; detection and location of sources; wave propagation from source to receiver; the nature of seismic sources, including mining practices; hydroacoustic, infrasound, and radionuclide methods; on-site inspection; and data processing.

  5. Scientific Meetings Database: A New Tool for CTBT-Related International Cooperation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Knapik, Jerzy F.; Girven, Mary L.

    1999-08-20

    The mission of international cooperation is defined in the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT). Ways and means of implementation were the subject of discussion during the International Cooperation Workshop held in Vienna in November 1998, and during the Regional Workshop for CTBTO International Cooperation held in Cairo, Egypt in June 1999. In particular, a database of ''Scientific and Technical Meetings Directly or Indirectly Related to CTBT Verification-Related Technologies'' was developed by the CTBTO PrepCom/PTS/International Cooperation section and integrated into the organization's various web sites in cooperation with the U.S. Department of Energy CTBT Research and Development Program. This database, the structure and use of which is described in this paper/presentation is meant to assist the CTBT-related scientific community in identifying worldwide expertise in the CTBT verification-related technologies and should help experts, particularly those of less technologically advanced States Signatories, to strengthen contacts and to pursue international cooperation under the Tredy regime. Specific opportunities for international cooperation, in particular those provided by active participation in the use and further development of this database, are presented in this paper and/or presentation.

  6. LESSONS LEARNED IN AEROSOL MONITORING WITH THE RASA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Forrester, Joel B.; Bowyer, Ted W.; Carty, Fitz; Comes, Laura; Eslinger, Paul W.; Greenwood, Lawrence R.; Haas, Derek A.; Hayes, James C.; Kirkham, Randy R.; Lepel, Elwood A.; Litke, Kevin E.; Miley, Harry S.; Morris, Scott J.; Schrom, Brian T.; Van Davelaar, Peter; Woods, Vincent T.

    2011-09-14

    The Radionuclide Aerosol Sampler/Analyzer (RASA) is an automated aerosol collection and analysis system designed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) in the 1990's and is deployed in several locations around the world as part of the International Monitoring System (IMS) required under the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT). The RASA operates unattended, save for regularly scheduled maintenance, iterating samples through a three-step process on a 24-hour interval. In its 15-year history, much has been learned from the operation and maintenance of the RASA that can benefit engineering updates or future aerosol systems. On 11 March 2011, a 9.0 magnitude earthquake and tsunami rocked the eastern coast of Japan, resulting in power loss and cooling failures at the Daiichi nuclear power plants in Fukushima Prefecture. Aerosol collections were conducted with the RASA in Richland, WA. We present a summary of the lessons learned over the history of the RASA, including lessons taken from the Fukushima incident, regarding the RASA IMS stations operated by the United States.

  7. Pallet disposal: Current situation and opportunities for change

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bouffier, C.G.; Riall, B.W.; Downing, C.C.

    1996-12-31

    Most products are transported on wooden pallets at some time during their life. Used wooden pallets can be recycled or discarded. In Georgia, very few pallets are recycled. Many pallets that are currently landfilled could be reused or chipped for industrial fuel. Currently, resistance by new-pallet manufacturers to enter the repair market has kept this market from developing. Under several scenarios, it is economically feasible to run a chipper for waste pallets collected at or near a landfill to generate industrial fuel. A steady and sufficiently large supply of used pallets and a nearby customer for the industrial fuel are two basic requirements. Many Georgia counties or groups of counties could support a facility of this type. Wood waste-to-energy systems would be feasible in companies with: (1) a large wood waste stream, including pallets; (2) high energy usage; (3) high waste disposal costs; or (4) strong environmental concerns. Several Georgia industries, such as carpet mills and food processing, are good candidates for conversion to wood fuel. Changes could occur which would hasten the development of the wood fuel industry in Georgia. Large increases in the tipping fees or a ban of pallets from area landfills are two possibilities.

  8. Pilot-scale testing of paint-waste incineration. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1989-07-01

    Operations at the U.S. Army depots generate large quantities of paint removal and application wastes. These wastes, many of which are hazardous, are currently disposed of off site. Off-site disposal of solids is often by landfilling, which will be banned or highly restricted in the future. Several research activities have been initiated by USATHAMA to evaluate alternative technologies for management of paint wastes. The project described in this report involved pilot-scale incineration testing of two paint wastes: spent plastic blast media and spent agricultural blast media (ground walnut shells). The objective of this task was to continue development of incineration as an alternative treatment technology for paint wastes through pilot-scale rotary-kiln incineration testing. The results of the pilot test were evaluated to assess how the paint waste characteristics and incinerator operating conditions affected the following: characteristics of ash residue volume reduction achieved, destruction and removal efficiencies (DRE's) for organic compound and characteristics of stack gases.

  9. Managing lead-based paint abatement wastes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Steele, N.L.C.

    1994-12-31

    Renovation, remodeling, demolition, and surface preparation for painting, in addition to specified lead abatement, are all activities that have the potential to produce hazardous wastes if a property was painted with lead-based paint. Lead-based paint was used on residential structures until 1978, when most residential uses were banned by the Consumer Products Safety Council. Prior to the 1950s, paints for residential uses may have contained up to 50% lead by weight. Today, commercial and military paints may still contain lead and can be used on non-residential structures. The lead content of residential paints is limited to 0.06% lead (by weight) in the dried film. This paper provides an overview of some of the information needed to properly manage lead-based paint abatement wastes. The issues covered in this paper include waste classification, generator status, treatment, and land disposal restrictions. The author assumes that the reader is familiar with the provision of the Health and Safety Code and the California Code of Regulations that pertain to generation and management of hazardous wastes. Citations provided herein do not constitute an exhaustive list of all the regulations with which a generator of hazardous waste must comply.

  10. NetMOD Version 2.0 User?s Manual.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Merchant, Bion J.

    2015-10-01

    NetMOD ( Net work M onitoring for O ptimal D etection) is a Java-based software package for conducting simulation of seismic, hydracoustic, and infrasonic networks. Specifically, NetMOD simulates the detection capabilities of monitoring networks. Network simulations have long been used to study network resilience to station outages and to determine where additional stations are needed to reduce monitoring thresholds. NetMOD makes use of geophysical models to determine the source characteristics, signal attenuation along the path between the source and station, and the performance and noise properties of the station. These geophysical models are combined to simulate the relative amplitudes of signal and noise that are observed at each of the stations. From these signal-to-noise ratios (SNR), the probability of detection can be computed given a detection threshold. This manual describes how to configure and operate NetMOD to perform detection simulations. In addition, NetMOD is distributed with simulation datasets for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO) International Monitoring System (IMS) seismic, hydroacoustic, and infrasonic networks for the purpose of demonstrating NetMOD's capabilities and providing user training. The tutorial sections of this manual use this dataset when describing how to perform the steps involved when running a simulation. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS We would like to thank the reviewers of this document for their contributions.

  11. Participatory health impact assessment for the development of local government regulation on hazard control

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Inmuong, Uraiwan; Rithmak, Panee; Srisookwatana, Soomol; Traithin, Nathathai; Maisuporn, Pornpun

    2011-07-15

    The Thai Public Health Act 1992 required the Thai local governments to issue respective regulations to take control of any possible health-hazard related activities, both from commercial and noncommercial sources. Since 1999, there has been centrally decentralized of power to a new form of local government establishment, namely Sub-district Administrative Organization (SAO). The SAO is asmall-scale local governing structure while its legitimate function is for community services, including control of health impact related activities. Most elected SAO administrators and officers are new and less experience with any of public health code of practice, particularly on health-hazard control. This action research attempted to introduce and apply a participatory health impact assessment (HIA) tool for the development of SAO health-hazard control regulation. The study sites were at Ban Meang and Kok See SAOs, Khon Kaen Province, Thailand, while all intervention activities conducted during May 2005-April 2006. A set of cooperative activities between researchers and community representatives were planned and organized by; surveying and identifying place and service base locally causing local environmental health problems, organizing community participatory workshops for drafting and proposing the health-hazard control regulation, and appropriate practices for health-hazard controlling measures. This action research eventually could successfully enable the SAO administrators and officers understanding of local environmental-related health problem, as well as development of imposed health-hazard control regulation for local community.

  12. Extreme Scale Computing to Secure the Nation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, D L; McGraw, J R; Johnson, J R; Frincke, D

    2009-11-10

    Since the dawn of modern electronic computing in the mid 1940's, U.S. national security programs have been dominant users of every new generation of high-performance computer. Indeed, the first general-purpose electronic computer, ENIAC (the Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer), was used to calculate the expected explosive yield of early thermonuclear weapons designs. Even the U. S. numerical weather prediction program, another early application for high-performance computing, was initially funded jointly by sponsors that included the U.S. Air Force and Navy, agencies interested in accurate weather predictions to support U.S. military operations. For the decades of the cold war, national security requirements continued to drive the development of high performance computing (HPC), including advancement of the computing hardware and development of sophisticated simulation codes to support weapons and military aircraft design, numerical weather prediction as well as data-intensive applications such as cryptography and cybersecurity U.S. national security concerns continue to drive the development of high-performance computers and software in the U.S. and in fact, events following the end of the cold war have driven an increase in the growth rate of computer performance at the high-end of the market. This mainly derives from our nation's observance of a moratorium on underground nuclear testing beginning in 1992, followed by our voluntary adherence to the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) beginning in 1995. The CTBT prohibits further underground nuclear tests, which in the past had been a key component of the nation's science-based program for assuring the reliability, performance and safety of U.S. nuclear weapons. In response to this change, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) initiated the Science-Based Stockpile Stewardship (SBSS) program in response to the Fiscal Year 1994 National Defense Authorization Act, which requires, 'in the absence of nuclear testing, a progam to: (1) Support a focused, multifaceted program to increase the understanding of the enduring stockpile; (2) Predict, detect, and evaluate potential problems of the aging of the stockpile; (3) Refurbish and re-manufacture weapons and components, as required; and (4) Maintain the science and engineering institutions needed to support the nation's nuclear deterrent, now and in the future'. This program continues to fulfill its national security mission by adding significant new capabilities for producing scientific results through large-scale computational simulation coupled with careful experimentation, including sub-critical nuclear experiments permitted under the CTBT. To develop the computational science and the computational horsepower needed to support its mission, SBSS initiated the Accelerated Strategic Computing Initiative, later renamed the Advanced Simulation & Computing (ASC) program (sidebar: 'History of ASC Computing Program Computing Capability'). The modern 3D computational simulation capability of the ASC program supports the assessment and certification of the current nuclear stockpile through calibration with past underground test (UGT) data. While an impressive accomplishment, continued evolution of national security mission requirements will demand computing resources at a significantly greater scale than we have today. In particular, continued observance and potential Senate confirmation of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) together with the U.S administration's promise for a significant reduction in the size of the stockpile and the inexorable aging and consequent refurbishment of the stockpile all demand increasing refinement of our computational simulation capabilities. Assessment of the present and future stockpile with increased confidence of the safety and reliability without reliance upon calibration with past or future test data is a long-term goal of the ASC program. This will be accomplished through significant increases in the scientific bases that underlie the computational tools. Computer codes must be de

  13. Parametric Grid Information in the DOE Knowledge Base: Data Preparation, Storage, and Access

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    HIPP,JAMES R.; MOORE,SUSAN G.; MYERS,STEPHEN C.; SCHULTZ,CRAIG A.; SHEPHERD,ELLEN; YOUNG,CHRISTOPHER J.

    1999-10-01

    The parametric grid capability of the Knowledge Base provides an efficient, robust way to store and access interpolatable information which is needed to monitor the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty. To meet both the accuracy and performance requirements of operational monitoring systems, we use a new approach which combines the error estimation of kriging with the speed and robustness of Natural Neighbor Interpolation (NNI). The method involves three basic steps: data preparation (DP), data storage (DS), and data access (DA). The goal of data preparation is to process a set of raw data points to produce a sufficient basis for accurate NNI of value and error estimates in the Data Access step. This basis includes a set of nodes and their connectedness, collectively known as a tessellation, and the corresponding values and errors that map to each node, which we call surfaces. In many cases, the raw data point distribution is not sufficiently dense to guarantee accurate error estimates from the NNI, so the original data set must be densified using a newly developed interpolation technique known as Modified Bayesian Kriging. Once appropriate kriging parameters have been determined by variogram analysis, the optimum basis for NNI is determined in a process they call mesh refinement, which involves iterative kriging, new node insertion, and Delauny triangle smoothing. The process terminates when an NNI basis has been calculated which will fir the kriged values within a specified tolerance. In the data storage step, the tessellations and surfaces are stored in the Knowledge Base, currently in a binary flatfile format but perhaps in the future in a spatially-indexed database. Finally, in the data access step, a client application makes a request for an interpolated value, which triggers a data fetch from the Knowledge Base through the libKBI interface, a walking triangle search for the containing triangle, and finally the NNI interpolation.

  14. Guidance on the management of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-11-01

    Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are a class of synthetic organic chemicals including 209 known isomers, each with from 1 to 10 chlorine atoms on a biphenyl ring. PCBs have a number of desirable properties for industrial applications including thermal stability, flame retardance, and low vapor pressure. Because of these properties, PCBs were widely used as dielectric fluid in electrical equipment such as utility transformers and capacitors. PCBs were also extensively used in hydraulic fluid and heat transfer fluid, in gaskets, as additives in cutting oils and lubricant, and in a variety of other uses. The Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) banned the manufacture of PCBs after 1978 in response to emerging information about the adverse health effects of PCBs and their persistence in the environment. In addition, TSCA directed the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to prescribe methods for disposal of PCBS, require marking of PCBs with warning labels, and control their use. The TSCA regulations allow continued use of PCBs provided that the use is totally enclosed and does not pose a risk to human health or the environment. However, at the end of their useful life, all PCB materials must be disposed of according to the TSCA regulations. This guidance document uses graphics and flow charts where possible to present the TSCA regulations according to management activities such as use, storage, disposal, and spill cleanup. The document is designed to be read on an as-needed basis; that is, each chapter can stand alone or may be read in combination with others to help the reader determine the regulations relevant to his or her individual situation and needs. Every attempt has been made to include the requirements of other statutes and regulations that apply to PCB materials and provide references for the reader to consult for additional information.

  15. Final Long-Term Management and Storage of Elemental Mercury Environmental Impact Statement Volume1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2011-01-01

    Pursuant to the Mercury Export Ban Act of 2008 (P.L. 110-414), DOE was directed to designate a facility or facilities for the long-term management and storage of elemental mercury generated within the United States. Therefore, DOE has analyzed the storage of up to 10,000 metric tons (11,000 tons) of elemental mercury in a facility(ies) constructed and operated in accordance with the Solid Waste Disposal Act, as amended by the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (74 FR 31723).DOE prepared this Final Mercury Storage EIS in accordance with the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA), as amended (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.), the Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ) implementing regulations (40 CFR 1500–1508), and DOE’s NEPA implementing procedures (10 CFR 1021) to evaluate reasonable alternatives for a facility(ies) for the long-term management and storage of elemental mercury. This Final Mercury Storage EIS analyzes the potential environmental, human health, and socioeconomic impacts of elemental mercury storage at seven candidate locations:Grand Junction Disposal Site near Grand Junction, Colorado; Hanford Site near Richland, Washington; Hawthorne Army Depot near Hawthorne, Nevada; Idaho National Laboratory near Idaho Falls, Idaho;Kansas City Plant in Kansas City, Missouri; Savannah River Site near Aiken, South Carolina; and Waste Control Specialists, LLC, site near Andrews, Texas. As required by CEQ NEPA regulations, the No Action Alternative was also analyzed as a basis for comparison. DOE intends to decide (1) where to locate the elemental mercury storage facility(ies) and (2) whether to use existing buildings, new buildings, or a combination of existing and new buildings. DOE’s Preferred Alternative for the long-term management and storage of mercury is the Waste Control Specialists, LLC, site near Andrews, Texas.

  16. What does the NPT`s history tell us about its future?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sokolski, H.

    1995-12-31

    Although the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty`s (NPT) original objectives, which were first presented by the Irish in 1958, were quite limited and sound, new more sweeping objectives were added to NPT negotiations in the mid 1960s that have proved to be odds with the treaty`s original aims. Unless these more sweeping objectives to end {open_quotes}the nuclear arms race{close_quotes} between the U.S. and Russia and to promote the {open_quotes}fullest{close_quotes} international development of civilian nuclear weapons capabilities will become more difficult. Indeed, those most concerned about stopping the superpower arms race in NPT negotiations actually believed that all nations had a right to acquire nuclear weapons and would be better off having them is a neighbor proliferated or if nuclear disarmament between the superpowers was not achieved fairly soon. Those interested in developing civilian nuclear power (including those interested in developing plutonium-fueled reactors), meanwhile opposed proposals for intrusive inspections and, initially, even argued for sharing {open_quotes}peaceful{close_quotes} nuclear explosive technology. Some of these views are beginning to enjoy a revival. The elements of the nuclear non-proliferation regime are described and their contribution to a world-wide nonproliferation ethic is evaluated. Problems with the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, the international safeguards system, multilateral suppliers agreements, export controls, and bi-lateral arrangements are highlighted; and prospects for alleviating these problems are discussed. Specific issues considered include the recent framework agreement with North Korea, the impact of a comprehensive nuclear test ban treaty on non-proliferation, the U.S. proposed fissile material cutoff, the upcoming NPT Review Conference, and the situation in the Former Soviet Union.

  17. Final Long-Term Management and Storage of Elemental Mercury Environmental Impact Statement Volume 2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2011-01-01

    Pursuant to the Mercury Export Ban Act of 2008 (P.L. 110-414), DOE was directed to designate a facility or facilities for the long-term management and storage of elemental mercury generated within the United States. Therefore, DOE has analyzed the storage of up to 10,000 metric tons (11,000 tons) of elemental mercury in a facility(ies) constructed and operated in accordance with the Solid Waste Disposal Act, as amended by the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (74 FR 31723). DOE prepared this Final Mercury Storage EIS in accordance with the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA), as amended (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.), the Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ) implementing regulations (40 CFR 1500–1508), and DOE’s NEPA implementing procedures (10 CFR 1021) to evaluate reasonable alternatives for a facility(ies) for the long-term management and storage of elemental mercury. This Final Mercury Storage EIS analyzes the potential environmental, human health, and socioeconomic impacts of elemental mercury storage at seven candidate locations: Grand Junction Disposal Site near Grand Junction, Colorado; Hanford Site near Richland, Washington; Hawthorne Army Depot near Hawthorne, Nevada; Idaho National Laboratory near Idaho Falls, Idaho; Kansas City Plant in Kansas City, Missouri; Savannah River Site near Aiken, South Carolina; and Waste Control Specialists, LLC, site near Andrews, Texas. As required by CEQ NEPA regulations, the No Action Alternative was also analyzed as a basis for comparison. DOE intends to decide (1) where to locate the elemental mercury storage facility(ies) and (2) whether to use existing buildings, new buildings, or a combination of existing and new buildings. DOE’s Preferred Alternative for the long-term management and storage of mercury is the Waste Control Specialists, LLC, site near Andrews, Texas.

  18. Regional or global WEEE recycling. Where to go?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Jinhui, E-mail: jinhui@tsinghua.edu.cn [State Key Joint Laboratory of Environment Simulation and Pollution Control (SKLESPC), School of the Environment, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China); Lopez N, Brenda N.; Liu, Lili; Zhao, Nana; Yu, Keli; Zheng, Lixia [State Key Joint Laboratory of Environment Simulation and Pollution Control (SKLESPC), School of the Environment, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China)

    2013-04-15

    Highlights: ? Source and Destination countries involved in the movement of WEEE have been studied. ? Legislation, facilities and EPR are presented in Source and Destination countries. ? Mostly Destination countries do not have EPR established and have informal facilities. ? Source countries: good technology, EPR established and mostly WEEE regulation enacted. ? Regional WEEE recycling should be under global standards for Sources and Destinations. - Abstract: If we consider Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) management, we can see the development of different positions in developed and developing countries. This development started with the movement of WEEE from developed countries to the developing countries. However, when the consequences for health and the environment were observed, some developing countries introduced a ban on the import of this kind of waste under the umbrella of the Basel Convention, while some developed countries have been considering a regional or global WEEE recycling approach. This paper explores the current movements between Source and Destination countries, or the importers and exporters, and examines whether it is legal and why illegal traffic is still rife; how global initiatives could support a global WEEE management scheme; the recycling characteristics of the source an destination countries and also to ascertain whether the principle of Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) has been established between the different stakeholders involved in WEEE management. Ultimately, the Full Extended Producer Responsibility is presented as a possible solution because the compensation of the environmental capacity for WEEE recycling or treatment could be made by the contribution of extra responsibility; and also generating an uniform standard for processing WEEE in an environmentally sound manner could support the regional or international solution of WEEE and also improve the performance of the informal sector.

  19. CTBT technical issues handbook

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zucca, J.J.

    1994-05-01

    The purpose of this handbook is to give the nonspecialist in nuclear explosion physics and nuclear test monitoring an introduction to the topic as it pertains to a Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT). The authors have tried to make the handbook visually oriented, with figures paired to short discussions. As such, the handbook may be read straight through or in sections. The handbook covers four main areas and ends with a glossary, which includes both scientific terms and acronyms likely to be encountered during CTBT negotiations. The following topics are covered: (1) Physics of nuclear explosion experiments. This is a description of basic nuclear physics and elementary nuclear weapon design. Also discussed are testing practices. (2) Other nuclear experiments. This section discusses experiments that produce small amounts of nuclear energy but differ from explosion experiments discussed in the first chapter. This includes the type of activities, such as laser fusion, that would continue after a CTBT is in force. (3) Monitoring tests in various environments. This section describes the different physical environments in which a test could be conducted (underground, in the atmosphere, in space, underwater, and in the laboratory); the sources of non-nuclear events (such as earthquakes and mining operations); and the opportunities for evasion. (4) On-site inspections. A CTBT is likely to include these inspections as an element of the verification provisions, in order to resolve the nature of ambiguous events. This chapter describes some technical considerations and technologies that are likely to be useful. (5) Selecting verification measures. This chapter discusses the uncertain nature of the evidence from monitoring systems and how compliance judgments could be made, taking the uncertainties into account. It also discusses how to allocate monitoring resources, given the likelihood of testing by various countries in various environments.

  20. Final Long-Term Management and Storage of Elemental Mercury Environmental Impact Statement Summary and Guide for Stakeholders

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2011-01-01

    Pursuant to the Mercury Export Ban Act of 2008 (P.L. 110-414), DOE was directed to designate a facility or facilities for the long-term management and storage of elemental mercury generated within the United States. Therefore, DOE has analyzed the storage of up to 10,000 metric tons (11,000 tons) of elemental mercury in a facility(ies) constructed and operated in accordance with the Solid Waste Disposal Act, as amended by the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (74 FR 31723). DOE prepared this Final Mercury Storage EIS in accordance with the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA), as amended (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.), the Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ) implementing regulations (40 CFR 1500–1508), and DOE’s NEPA implementing procedures (10 CFR 1021) to evaluate reasonable alternatives for a facility(ies) for the long-term management and storage of elemental mercury. This Final Mercury Storage EIS analyzes the potential environmental, human health, and socioeconomic impacts of elemental mercury storage at seven candidate locations: Grand Junction Disposal Site near Grand Junction, Colorado; Hanford Site near Richland, Washington; Hawthorne Army Depot near Hawthorne, Nevada; Idaho National Laboratory near Idaho Falls, Idaho; Kansas City Plant in Kansas City, Missouri; Savannah River Site near Aiken, South Carolina; and Waste Control Specialists, LLC, site near Andrews, Texas. As required by CEQ NEPA regulations, the No Action Alternative was also analyzed as a basis for comparison. DOE intends to decide (1) where to locate the elemental mercury storage facility(ies) and (2) whether to use existing buildings, new buildings, or a combination of existing and new buildings. DOE’s Preferred Alternative for the long-term management and storage of mercury is the Waste Control Specialists, LLC, site near Andrews, Texas.

  1. Human health safety evaluation of cosmetics in the EU: A legally imposed challenge to science

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pauwels, M.; Rogiers, V.

    2010-03-01

    As stated in the European legislation, cosmetic products present on the European market must be safe for the consumer. Safety evaluation of the products is carried out by a qualified safety assessor who needs to consider potential exposure scenarios next to the physicochemical and toxicological profiles of all composing ingredients. Whereas, until recently, the tools to determine the toxicological profile of cosmetic ingredients mainly consisted of animal experiments, they have now been narrowed down substantially by the legally imposed animal testing ban on cosmetic ingredients, taken up in the Cosmetic Products Directive (76/768/EEC). This Directive, however, is not a stand-alone piece of European legislation, since as well directly as indirectly it is influenced by a complex web of related legislations. Vertical legislations deal with different categories of chemicals, including dangerous substances, biocides, plant protection products, food additives, medicinal products, and of course also cosmetics. Horizontal legislative texts, on the contrary, cover more general fields such as protection of experimental animals, consumer product safety, misleading of consumers, specific provisions for aerosols, and others. Experience has learnt that having a general overview of these related legislations is necessary to understand their impact on the cosmetic world in general terms and on cosmetic safety evaluation in particular. This goes for a variety of concerned parties, including national and European regulators/agencies, contract laboratories, raw material suppliers, cosmetic companies, research and educational centers. They all deal with a number of aspects important for the quality and toxicity of cosmetics and their ingredients. This review summarises the most relevant points of the legislative texts of different types of product categories and emphasises their impact on the safety evaluation of cosmetics.

  2. Analysis of Minimum Efficiency Performance Standards for Residential General Service Lighting in Chile

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Letschert, Virginie E.; McNeil, Michael A.; Leiva Ibanez, Francisco Humberto; Ruiz, Ana Maria; Pavon, Mariana; Hall, Stephen

    2011-06-01

    Minimum Efficiency Performance Standards (MEPS) have been chosen as part of Chile's national energy efficiency action plan. As a first MEPS, the Ministry of Energy has decided to focus on a regulation for lighting that would ban the sale of inefficient bulbs, effectively phasing out the use of incandescent lamps. Following major economies such as the US (EISA, 2007) , the EU (Ecodesign, 2009) and Australia (AS/NZS, 2008) who planned a phase out based on minimum efficacy requirements, the Ministry of Energy has undertaken the impact analysis of a MEPS on the residential lighting sector. Fundacion Chile (FC) and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) collaborated with the Ministry of Energy and the National Energy Efficiency Program (Programa Pais de Eficiencia Energetica, or PPEE) in order to produce a techno-economic analysis of this future policy measure. LBNL has developed for CLASP (CLASP, 2007) a spreadsheet tool called the Policy Analysis Modeling System (PAMS) that allows for evaluation of costs and benefits at the consumer level but also a wide range of impacts at the national level, such as energy savings, net present value of savings, greenhouse gas (CO2) emission reductions and avoided capacity generation due to a specific policy. Because historically Chile has followed European schemes in energy efficiency programs (test procedures, labelling program definitions), we take the Ecodesign commission regulation No 244/2009 as a starting point when defining our phase out program, which means a tiered phase out based on minimum efficacy per lumen category. The following data were collected in order to perform the techno-economic analysis: (1) Retail prices, efficiency and wattage category in the current market, (2) Usage data (hours of lamp use per day), and (3) Stock data, penetration of efficient lamps in the market. Using these data, PAMS calculates the costs and benefits of efficiency standards from two distinct but related perspectives: (1) The Life-Cycle Cost (LCC) calculation examines costs and benefits from the perspective of the individual household; and (2) The National Perspective projects the total national costs and benefits including both financial benefits, and energy savings and environmental benefits. The national perspective calculations are called the National Energy Savings (NES) and the Net Present Value (NPV) calculations. PAMS also calculate total emission mitigation and avoided generation capacity. This paper describes the data and methodology used in PAMS and presents the results of the proposed phase out of incandescent bulbs in Chile.

  3. Seismic signals from underground cavity collapses and other mining-related failures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walter, W.R.; Heuze, F.; Dodge, D.

    1997-07-01

    The sudden collapse of man-made underground cavities have generated seismic signals as large as magnitude 5.4. Collapses are just one of the many types of mining associated seismicity including coalbumps and rockbursts which need to be identified and distinguished from potential clandestine nuclear explosions under the recently signed Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT). Collapses, coalbumps and rockbursts are of concern for seismically monitoring a CTBT for a number of reasons. First, they can look like explosions when using some seismic discriminant measures, such M{sub s}:m{sub b}, M{sub o}: m{sub b}, regional P/S ratios and depth. Second, underground nuclear explosions themselves produce cavities that might collapse, possibly aiding in the detection of a clandestine event. Finally, because all mine-related events occur in the vicinity of underground cavities, they may come under special scrutiny because of the concern that very large, specially constructed cavities could be used to evasively decouple a clandestine test. For these reasons mine-related seismicity in both active and former mining regions have the potential to be false alarms under a CTBT. We are investigating techniques to identify collapses, either directly via waveform modeling, or indirectly by combining several seismic discriminants. We are also investigating the source mechanisms of coalbumps and collapses to better understand the performance of seismic discriminants for these events. In particular we have found similarities in point source models of some longwall coalbumps, room- and-pillar mine collapses and NTS nuclear explosion cavity collapses. In order to understand coalbumps we are analyzing events from central Utah recorded at regional distances in Utah and Nevada including at the auxiliary station ELK. Some of these have anomalous, explosion- like high frequency P/S ratios. We are combining this new study with results from previous field work done in 1995 at a Colorado long-wall coal mining operation. Similarly to longwall coal mines in Utah and elsewhere, this Colorado mine completely excavates a 3m high coal seam in 250 m wide panels leaving the material above unsupported. The roof material above the excavated seam eventually collapses resulting in seismic events.

  4. Examination of the role of nuclear deterrence in the 21st century: a systems analysis approach

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martz, Joseph C [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Stevens, Patrice A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Branstetter, Linda [SNL; Hoover, Edward [SNL; O' Brien, Kevin [SNL; Slavin, Adam [SNL; Caswell, David [STANFORD UNIV

    2010-01-01

    Until very recently, an evaluation of US policy regarding deterrence and the role of its nuclear weapons arsenal as a deterrent has been largely absent in the public debate. With President's Obama embrace of a goal of a future world without nuclear weapons, issues of nuclear policy and deterrence have just recently risen to the forefront of policy discussions. The traditional role of US nuclear weapons-to deter the use of nuclear weapons by other states-endures, but is no longer unique nor even predominant. In an increasingly multi-polar world, the US now faces growing risks of nuclear weapons proliferation; the spread of weapons of mass destruction generally to non-state, substate and transnational actors; cyber, space, economic, environmental and resource threats along with the application of numerous other forms of 'soft power' in ways that are inimical to national security and to global stability. What concept of deterrence should the US seek to maintain in the 21st Century? That question remains fluid and central to the current debate. Recently there has been a renewed focusing of attention on the role of US nuclear weapons and a national discussion about what the underlying policy should be. In this environment, both the United States and Russia have committed to drastic reductions in their nuclear arsenals, while still maintaining forces sufficient to ensure unacceptable consequence in response to acts of aggression. Further, the declared nuclear powers have maintained that a limited nuclear arsenal continues to provide insurance against uncertain developments in a changing world. In this environment of US and Russian stockpile reductions, all declared nuclear states have reiterated the central role which nuclear weapons continue to provide for their supreme national security interests. Given this new environment and the challenges of the next several decades, how might the United States structure its policy and forces with regard to nuclear weapons? Many competing objectives have been stated across the spectrum of political, social, and military thought. These objectives include goals of ratification of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty, recommitment to further downsizing of the nuclear arsenal, embracing a long-term goal of the elimination of nuclear weapons, limitations on both the production complex and upgrades to nuclear weapons and delivery systems, and controls and constraints to limit proliferation of nuclear materials and weapons, particularly to rogue states and terrorist groups.

  5. Using multicast in the global communications infrastructure for group communication

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Agarwal, Deborah A.

    1999-07-30

    International Monitoring System (IMS) stations and the International Data Centre (IDC) of the Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization generate data and products that must be transmitted to one or more receivers. The application protocols used to transmit the IMS data and IDC products will be CD-x and IMS-x and the World Wide Web (WWW). These protocols use existing Internet applications and Internet protocols to send their data. The primary Internet applications in use are electronic mail (e-mail) and the file transfer protocol (ftp). The primary Internet communication protocol in use is the Transmission Control Protocol (TCP), which provides reliable delivery to the receiver. These Internet applications and protocol provide unicast (point-to-point) communication. A message sent using unicast has a single recipient; any message intended for more than one recipient must be sent to each recipient individually. In the current design, the IDC and the National Data Centres (NDC's) provide data forwarding to the appropriate receivers. The overhead associated with using unicast to transmit messages to multiple receivers either directly or through a forwarder increases linearly with the number of receivers. In addition, using a forwarding site introduces possible delays and possible points of failure in the path to the receivers. Reliable multicast provides communication services similar to TCP but for a group of receivers. The reliable multicast protocol provides group membership services and message delivery ordering. If an IMS station were to send its data using reliable multicast instead of unicast, only sites that are members of the multicast group would receive the data at approximately the same time. This might provide an efficient means of disseminating station data or IDC data products to all receivers and eliminate or greatly reduce the need for data forwarding. Several commercial and research reliable multicast protocols exist for the Internet. Each of these protocols is designed to serve a specific community of users and applications. The author has undertaken a study to determine if reliable multicasting is appropriate for use in the Global Communication Infrastructure (GCI).

  6. REPORT OF ON-SITE INSPECTION WORKSHOP-16

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sweeney, J J

    2009-07-07

    The central issue addressed by this workshop was the task of making the on-site inspection (OSI) part of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty verification system operationally ready at entry into force of the Treaty. It is recognized, and this was emphasized by the 2008 OSI Integrated Field Exercise (IFE), that it is not possible to develop every part of the OSI regime simultaneously. Therefore, it is necessary to prioritize the approach to OSI readiness. The reviews of the IFE have pointed to many elements of OSI readiness that still need development. The objective of this workshop was to provide priorities for the path forward for Working Group B to consider. Several critical areas have been identified that are related to the development of OSI readiness: (1) Technology development: Priorities are radionuclide and noble gas sampling and analysis, visual observation, multispectral/infrared imaging methods, active seismic methods and the recognition of the importance of signatures. (2) Organizational development: Priorities are health and safety, the Operations Support Centre, the Equipment Storage and Maintenance Facility, information technology data flow and communications. (3) Resources: The expertise to develop key parts of the OSI regime is not available within the current OSI Division staff. To develop these aspects of the regime will require more staff or supplements to the staff with cost-free experts or other means. Aspects of the system that could benefit from more staff include radionuclide and noble gas detection methods, data flow and communications, visual observation, multispectral/infrared methods and health and safety. As the path forward, participants of this workshop recognized a need to optimize the development of OSI priorities. The outcome of this workshop is to suggest for consideration an operational approach to OSI readiness that utilizes results of an evaluation of the relative effectiveness of OSI elements versus their relative maturity. By integrating such an assessment with considerations of integrated operational capabilities and the anticipated level of inspection team self-sufficiency and measurable milestone criteria, a set of priorities for OSI development can be developed. Once these priorities have been established, the Policy Making Organs can decide upon the milestones, strategic plan and action plan to serve as guidance for implementation by the Provisional Technical Secretariat. The suggested operational approach is as follows: (1) Assess the relative effectiveness (importance) of OSI elements versus their relative maturity; (2) Determine the anticipated level of self-sufficiency; (3) Define measurable milestone criteria; and (4) Result: Milestones for OSI readiness.

  7. REGULATORY STRATEGIES TO MINIMIZE GENERATION OF REGULATED WASTES FROM CLEANUP, CONTINUED USE OR DECOMMISSIONING OF NUCLEAR FACILITIES CONTAMINATED WITH POLYCHLORINATED BIPHENYLS (PCBS) - 11198

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lowry, N.

    2010-11-05

    Disposal costs for liquid PCB radioactive waste are among the highest of any category of regulated waste. The high cost is driven by the fact that disposal options are extremely limited. Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) regulations require most liquids with PCBs at concentration of {ge} 50 parts-per-million to be disposed by incineration or equivalent destructive treatment. Disposal fees can be as high as $200 per gallon. This figure does not include packaging and the cost to transport the waste to the disposal facility, or the waste generator's labor costs for managing the waste prior to shipment. Minimizing the generation of liquid radioactive PCB waste is therefore a significant waste management challenge. PCB spill cleanups often generate large volumes of waste. That is because the removal of PCBs typically requires the liberal use of industrial solvents followed by a thorough rinsing process. In a nuclear facility, the cleanup process may be complicated by the presence of radiation and other occupational hazards. Building design and construction features, e.g., the presence of open grating or trenches, may also complicate cleanup. In addition to the technical challenges associated with spill cleanup, selection of the appropriate regulatory requirements and approach may be challenging. The TSCA regulations include three different sections relating to the cleanup of PCB contamination or spills. EPA has also promulgated a separate guidance policy for fresh PCB spills that is published as Subpart G of 40 CFR 761 although it is not an actual regulation. Applicability is based on the circumstances of each contamination event or situation. Other laws or regulations may also apply. Identification of the allowable regulatory options is important. Effective communication with stakeholders, particularly regulators, is just as important. Depending on the regulatory path that is taken, cleanup may necessitate the generation of large quantities of regulated waste. Allowable options must be evaluated carefully in order to reduce compliance risks, protect personnel, limit potential negative impacts on facility operations, and minimize the generation of wastes subject to TSCA. This paper will identify critical factors in selecting the appropriate TSCA regulatory path in order to minimize the generation of radioactive PCB waste and reduce negative impacts to facilities. The importance of communicating pertinent technical issues with facility staff, regulatory personnel, and subsequently, the public, will be discussed. Key points will be illustrated by examples from five former production reactors at the DOE Savannah River Site. In these reactors a polyurethane sealant was used to seal piping penetrations in the biological shield walls. During the intense neutron bombardment that occurred during reactor operation, the sealant broke down into a thick, viscous material that seeped out of the piping penetrations over adjacent equipment and walls. Some of the walls were painted with a PCB product. PCBs from the paint migrated into the degraded sealant, creating PCB 'spill areas' in some of these facilities. The regulatory cleanup approach selected for each facility was based on its operational status, e.g., active, inactive or undergoing decommissioning. The selected strategies served to greatly minimize the generation of radioactive liquid PCB waste. It is expected that this information would be useful to other DOE sites, DOD facilities, and commercial nuclear facilities constructed prior to the 1979 TSCA ban on most manufacturing and uses of PCBs.

  8. Investigation of CTBT OSI Radionuclide Techniques at the DILUTED WATERS Nuclear Test Site

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baciak, James E.; Milbrath, Brian D.; Detwiler, Rebecca S.; Kirkham, Randy R.; Keillor, Martin E.; Lepel, Elwood A.; Seifert, Allen; Emer, Dudley; Floyd, Michael

    2012-11-01

    Under the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT), a verification regime that includes the ability to conduct an On-Site Inspection (OSI) will be established. The Treaty allows for an OSI to include many techniques, including the radionuclide techniques of gamma radiation surveying and spectrometry and environmental sampling and analysis. Such radioactivity detection techniques can provide the “smoking gun” evidence that a nuclear test has occurred through the detection and quantification of indicative recent fission products. An OSI faces restrictions in time and manpower, as dictated by the Treaty; not to mention possible logistics difficulties due to the location and climate of the suspected explosion site. It is thus necessary to have a good understanding of the possible source term an OSI will encounter and the proper techniques that will be necessary for an effective OSI regime. One of the challenges during an OSI is to locate radioactive debris that has escaped an underground nuclear explosion (UNE) and settled on the surface near and downwind of ground zero. To support the understanding and selection of sampling and survey techniques for use in an OSI, we are currently designing an experiment, the Particulate Release Experiment (PRex), to simulate a small-scale vent from an underground nuclear explosion. PRex will occur at the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS). The project is conducted under the National Center for Nuclear Security (NCNS) funded by the National Nuclear Security Agency (NNSA). Prior to the release experiment, scheduled for Spring of 2013, the project scheduled a number of activities at the NNSS to prepare for the release experiment as well as to utilize the nuclear testing past of the NNSS for the development of OSI techniques for CTBT. One such activity—the focus of this report—was a survey and sampling campaign at the site of an old UNE that vented: DILUTED WATERS. Activities at DILUTED WATERS included vehicle-based survey, in situ measurements with high-purity germanium (HPGe) and hand-held LaBr3 systems, soil sampling with a variety of tools, and laboratory gamma spectrometric analysis of those samples. A further benefit of the measurement campaign was to gain familiarity with the many logistical aspects of performing radiological field work at NNSS ahead of the PRex. Many practical lessons concerning the proper methodologies and logistics of using the surveying and sampling equipment were noted. These Lessons Learned are compiled together in Appendix A. The vehicle-based survey was successful in that it found a previously unknown hotspot (determined to be 232Th) while it demonstrated that a better method for keeping a serpentine track without staking was needed. Some of the soil sampling equipment was found to be impractical for the application, though core sampling would not be the correct way to take soil samples for a fresh vent deposit (as opposed to an old site like DILUTED WATERS). Due to the site’s age, 137Cs was the only fission radioisotope identified, though others were searched for. While not enough samples were taken and analyzed to definitively link the 137Cs to DILUTED WATERS as opposed to other NNSS activities, results were consistent with the historical DILUTED WATERS plume. MDAs were compared for soil sampling and in situ measurements.

  9. The Effects of Heterogeneities on Seismic Wave Propagation in the Climax Stock

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hagan Webb, C., Snelson, C. M., White, R., Emmitt, R., Barker, D., Abbott, R., Bonal, N.

    2011-12-01

    The Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty requires the ability to detect low-yield (less than 150kton) nuclear events. This kind of monitoring can only be done seismically on a regional scale (within 2000km). At this level, it is difficult to distinguish between low-yield nuclear events and non-nuclear events of similar magnitude. In order to confidently identify a nuclear event, a more detailed understanding of nuclear seismic sources is needed. In particular, it is important to know the effects of local geology on the seismic signal. This study focuses on P-wave velocity in heterogeneous granitoid. The Source Physics Experiment (SPE) is currently performing low-yield tests with chemical explosives at the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS). The exact test site was chosen to be in the Climax Stock, a cretaceous granodiorite and quartz-monzonite pluton located in Area 15 of the NNSS. It has been used in the past for the Hard Hat and Pile Driver nuclear tests, which provided legacy data that can be used to simulate wave propagation. The Climax Stock was originally chosen as the site of the SPE partly because of its assumed homogeneity. It has since been discovered that the area of the stock where the SPE tests are being performed contains a perched water table. In addition, the stock is known to contain an extensive network of faults, joints, and fractures, but the exact effect of these structural features on seismic wave velocity is not fully understood. The SPE tests are designed to seismically capture the explosion phenomena from the near- to the far-field transition of the seismic waveform. In the first SPE experiment, 100kg of chemical explosives were set off at a depth of 55m. The blast was recorded with an array of sensors and diagnostics, including accelerometers, geophones, rotational sensors, short-period and broadband seismic sensors, Continuous Reflectometry for Radius vs. Time Experiment, Time of Arrival, Velocity of Detonation, and infrasound sensors. The focus of this study is two-fold: (1) the geophone array that was focused over the SPE shot and (2) a high-resolution seismic profile that was recently acquired at the field site. The geophone array was placed radially around the SPE shot in five directions with 100m spacing and out to a distance of 2 km. The high-resolution profile was about 475m in length with station and shot spacing of 5m using a 7000lb mini-vibe as a source. In both data sets, the first arrivals will be used to develop velocity models. For the geophone array, 1-D P-wave velocity models will be developed to determine an average apparent velocity of the Climax Stock. The high-resolution data will be used to develop a 2-D P-wave velocity model along the seismic profile. This is in an effort to elucidate the water table in more detail and provide additional information on the near-surface structure. These results will be used in the overall modeling effort to fully characterize the test bed and develop a physics-based model to simulate seismic energy from the SPE events.

  10. A Brief Review of the Application of 14C in Terrestrial Carbon Cycle Studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guilderson, T; Mcfarlane, K

    2009-10-22

    An over-arching goal of the DOE TCP program is to understand the mechanistic controls over the fate, transport, and residence time of carbon in the terrestrial biosphere. Many of the modern process and modeling studies focus on seasonal to interannual variability. However, much of the carbon on the landscape and in soils is in separate reservoirs with turnover times that are multi-decadal to millennial. It is the controls on these longer term pools or reservoirs that is a critical unknown in the face of rising GHGs and climate change and uncertainties of the terrestrial biosphere as a future global sink or source of atmospheric CO{sub 2} [eg., Friedlingstein et al., 2006; Govindasamy et al., 2005; Thompson et al., 2004]. Radiocarbon measurements, in combination with other data, can provide insight into, and constraints on, terrestrial carbon cycling. Radiocarbon (t{sub 1/2} 5730yrs) is produced naturally in the stratosphere when secondary neutrons generated by cosmic rays collide with {sup 14}N atoms [Libby 1946; Arnold and Libby, 1949]. Upon formation, {sup 14}C is rapidly oxidized to CO and then to CO{sub 2}, and is incorporated into the carbon cycle. Due to anthropogenic activities, the amount of {sup 14}C in the atmosphere doubled in the mid/late 1950s and early 1960s from its preindustrial value of {sup 14}C/{sup 12}C ratio of 1.18 x 10{sup -12} [eg., Nydal and Lovseth, 1983]. Following the atmospheric weapons test ban in 1963, the {sup 14}C/{sup 12}C ratio, has decreased due to the net isotopic exchange between the ocean and terrestrial biosphere [eg., Levin and Hessheimer, 2000] and a dilution effect due to the burning of {sup 14}C-free fossil fuel carbon, the 'Suess Effect' [Suess, 1955]. In the carbon cycle literature, radiocarbon measurements are generally reported as {Delta}{sup 14}C, which includes a correction for mass dependent fractionation [Stuiver and Polach, 1977]. In the context of carbon cycle studies radiocarbon measurements can be used to determine the 'age' and rate of change of carbon stocks or as a biogeochemical tracer to elucidate processes and pathways. It is this dual nature that can be exploited across scales in space (individual plant, plot or research site, ecosystem, regional, and global) and time (days to millennia). For example, across regional scales, {Delta}{sup 14}C measurements of atmosphere CO{sub 2} can be used to attribute carbon dioxide to sources (e.g., respiration vs. fossil fuel emissions) or sinks ( e.g,. photosynthesis), which cannot be readily inferred from concentration, net flux measurements, or {delta}{sup 13}CO{sub 2} [eg. Graven et al., 2009; Levin and Hessheimer, 2000; Turnbull et al., 2007]. At smaller scales, similar analyses can be used to elucidate the source, and 'age' of the below ground component undergoing heterotrophic respiration. Net (biome or ecosystem) uptake of carbon is the difference of two large fluxes: photosynthesis and respiration. Carbon fixation by photosynthesis is, to a large extent, a single process with theoretical underpinnings. On the other-hand, net ecosystem or biome respiration integrates microbial (heterotrophic) and plant (autotrophic) respiration. Eddy covariance methods can be used to estimate bulk CO{sub 2} fluxes but they cannot discriminate the process nor the source of the respired CO{sub 2}. It is these processes that are parameterized in predictive models and contribute to the uncertainty in the climate forcing effect of the carbon cycle in the future [Friedlingstein et al., 2006; Heimann and Reichstein, 2008].

  11. Geologic Assessment of the Damage Zone from the Second Test at Source Physics Experiment-Nevada (SPE-N)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Townsend, M. J.; Huckins-Gang, H. E.; Prothro, L. B.; Reed, D. N.

    2012-12-01

    The National Center for Nuclear Security, established by the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), is conducting a series of explosive tests at the Nevada National Security Site that are designed to increase the understanding of certain basic physical phenomena associated with underground explosions. These tests will aid in developing technologies that might be used to detect underground nuclear explosions in support of verification activities for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty. The initial project is a series of explosive tests, known collectively as the Source Physics Experiment-Nevada (SPE-N), being conducted in granitic rocks. The SPE-N test series is designed to study the generation and propagation of seismic waves. The results will help advance the seismic monitoring capability of the United States by improving the predictive capability of physics-based modeling of explosive phenomena. The first SPE N (SPE-N-1) test was conducted in May 2011, using 100 kg of explosives at the depth of 54.9 m in the U 15n source hole. SPE-N-2 was conducted in October 2011, using 1,000 kg of explosives at the depth of 45.7 m in the same source hole. The SPE-N-3 test was conducted in the same source hole in July 2012, using the same amount and type of explosive as for SPE-N-2, and at the same depth as SPE-N-2, within the damage zone created by the SPE-N-2 explosion to investigate damage effects on seismic wave propagation. Following the SPE-N-2 shot and prior to the SPE-N-3 shot, the core hole U-15n#10 was drilled at an angle from the surface to intercept the SPE-N-2 shot point location to obtain information necessary to characterize the damage zone. The objective was to determine the position of the damage zone near the shot point, at least on the northeast, where the core hole penetrated it, and obtain information on the properties of the damaged medium. Geologic characterization of the post-SPE-N-2 core hole included geophysical logging, a directional survey, and geologic description of the core to document visual evidence of damage. Selected core samples were provided to Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) for measurement of physical and mechanical properties. A video was also run in the source hole after it was cleaned out. A significant natural fault zone was encountered in the angle core hole between 5.7 and 7.5 m from the shot point. However, several of the fractures observed in the core hole are interpreted as having been caused by the explosion. The fractures are characterized by a “fresh,” mechanically broken look, with uncoated and very irregular surfaces. They tend to terminate against natural fractures and have orientations that differ from the previously defined natural fracture sets; they are common starting at about 5.4 m from the shot point. Within about 3.3 m of the shot point to the end of the recovered core at 1.6 m from the shot point, some of the core samples are softer and lighter in color, but do not appear to be weathered. It is thought this could be indicative of the presence of distributed microfracturing.

  12. Primer on Use of Multi-Spectral and Infra Red Imaging for On-Site Inspections

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Henderson, J R

    2010-10-26

    The purpose of an On-Site Inspection (OSI) is to determine whether a nuclear explosion has occurred in violation of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT), and to gather information which might assist in identifying the violator (CTBT, Article IV, Paragraph 35) Multi-Spectral and Infra Red Imaging (MSIR) is allowed by the treaty to detect observables which might help reduce the search area and thus expedite an OSI and make it more effective. MSIR is permitted from airborne measurements, and at and below the surface to search for anomalies and artifacts (CTBT, Protocol, Part II, Paragraph 69b). The three broad types of anomalies and artifacts MSIR is expected to be capable of observing are surface disturbances (disturbed earth, plant stress or anomalous surface materials), human artifacts (man-made roads, buildings and features), and thermal anomalies. The purpose of this Primer is to provide technical information on MSIR relevant to its use for OSI. It is expected that this information may be used for general background information, to inform decisions about the selection and testing of MSIR equipment, to develop operational guidance for MSIR use during an OSI, and to support the development of a training program for OSI Inspectors. References are provided so readers can pursue a topic in more detail than the summary information provided here. The following chapters will provide more information on how MSIR can support an OSI (Section 2), a short summary what Multi-Spectral Imaging and Infra Red Imaging is (Section 3), guidance from the CTBT regarding the use of MSIR (Section 4), and a description of several nuclear explosion scenarios (Section 5) and consequent observables (Section 6). The remaining sections focus on practical aspects of using MSIR for an OSI, such as specification and selection of MSIR equipment, operational considerations for deployment of MISR equipment from an aircraft, and the conduct of field exercises to mature MSIR for an OSI. Finally, an appendix provides detail describing the magnitude and spatial extent of the surface shock expected from an underground nuclear explosion. If there is a seismic event or other data to suggest there has been a nuclear explosion in violation of the CTBT, an OSI may be conducted to determine whether a nuclear explosion has occurred and to gather information which may be useful in identifying the party responsible for conducting the explosion. The OSI must be conducted in the area where the event that triggered the inspection request occurred, and the inspected area must not exceed 1,000 square kilometers, or be more than 50 km on aside (CTBT Protocol, Part II, Paragraphs 2 and 3). One of the guiding principles for an inspection is that it be effective, minimally intrusive, timely, and cost-effective [Hawkins, Feb 1998]. In that context, MSIR is one of several technologies that can be used during an aircraft overflight to identify ground regions of high interest in a timely and cost-effective manner. This allows for an optimized inspection on the ground. The primary purpose for MSIR is to identify artifacts and anomalies that might be associated with a nuclear explosion, and to use the location of those artifacts and anomalies to reduce the search area that must be inspected from the ground. The MSIR measurements can have additional utility. The multi-spectral measurements of the ground can be used for terrain classification, which can aid in geological characterization of the Inspected Area. In conditions of where light smoke or haze is present, long-wave infrared imaging can provide better imaging of the ground than is possible with standard visible imagery.

  13. A rare opportunity beckons

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gschneidner, K

    2011-02-01

    There is a great deal of uncertainty for the future of rare-earth production. Rare-earths are a collection of 17 chemical elements in the periodic table, which include scandium and yttrium as well as the 15 lanthanides, such as dysprosium and ytterbium. China has a stranglehold on today's rare-earth market, which was worth about $3bn in 2010, with the country accounting for about 95% of worldwide production. Yet China's future actions can only be guessed at best. In September it halted shipments of rare-earth elements to Japan over a diplomatic spat concerning the detention of a Chinese trawler captain. Although the ban was later lifted, the episode raised concerns around the world about China's rare-earth monopoly and its use in diplomacy. China has already warned that it will not export any rare-earth material in the coming years as it expects its own consumption of rare-earth metals to increase. The country has introduced export taxes as well as production and export quotas, and also refused to grant any new rare-earth mining licences. Furthermore, because its reserves are limited and China's internal markets are growing so rapidly, the country has suggested it will no longer export products that require rare-earth elements, especially those that need heavy rare-earth elements, such as terbium and dysprosium. China's actions have led to huge rises in the cost of rare-earth materials and products. Dysprosium oxide, for example, has shot up from $36 per kilogram in 2005 to a massive $305 per kilogram by late last year. This could have a huge impact on much of today's electronics industry, given that rare-earth elements are ubiquitous in electric motors, computers, batteries, liquid-crystal displays (LCDs) and mobile phones. Neodymium-iron-boron permanent magnets, for example, are used as computer spindle drives. The question is: what can be done to ensure that China's dominance of the rare-earth industry does not affect the military and energy security of the US and other nations? Rare-earth elements are relatively plentiful in the Earth's crust but they are widely dispersed, which makes mining them economically nonviable. The rare-earth industry first took off in the early 1960s with the discovery of the intense red luminescence of europium when excited by electrons. This was quickly utilized by TV manufacturers in the US, which used the material to produce the colour red. Indeed, many of the rare-earth applications arise because each element is unique and so certain elements exhibit behaviours that match a particular application, such as neodymium for lasers and magnets or europium and terbium for the red and green colours in TVs. In the 1960s annual production of rare-earth elements was about 2000 tonnes, with the US company Molycorp supplying 50% of the rare-earth oxides from the Mountain Pass mine in California. This monopoly was broken in the early 1990s when China first began to export separated rare-earth oxides and metals. By the late 1990s China was moving up the supply chain to higher-value products such as magnets and phosphors. Since the turn of the century it has supplied finished products including computers, LCDs and mobile phones. Production of rare-earth elements, which has been increasing by about 10% every year since the 1960s, reached 97,000 tonnes by 2009. Fortunately, new deposits of rare-earths are being discovered all over the world, which means that China now accounts for about 30% of worldwide deposits, rather than 70% as widely thought in the 1980s. But to take advantage of this and break the monopoly, governments outside China need to open new rare-earth deposits, especially those with high concentrations of the heavier rare-earth elements. They also need to expand and open new manufacturing facilities for products that need rare-earths, as well as train scientists to replace the intellectual capital lost during the last 20-30 years because of the Chinese monopoly. The bottom line is that to reduce the rest of the world's dependence on China for a sufficient and continuous supply of rare-ear