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1

KST Coatings, A Business Unit of The Sherwin-Williams Company | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

KST Coatings, A Business Unit of The Sherwin-Williams Company KST Coatings, A Business Unit of The Sherwin-Williams Company Jump to: navigation, search Name KST Coatings, A Business Unit of The Sherwin-Williams Company Address 101Prospect Ave NW Place Cleveland, Ohio Zip 44115 Sector Buildings, Efficiency Product Manufacturing Phone number 888-321-5665 Website http://kstcoatings.com Coordinates 41.4980731°, -81.6914371° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.4980731,"lon":-81.6914371,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

2

Limited Test Ban Treaty  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Detection System (USNDS), which monitors compliance with the international Limited Test Ban Treaty (LTBT). The LTBT, signed by 108 countries, prohibits nuclear testing in the...

3

NREL: Energy Sciences - Chunmei Ban  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Chunmei Ban Chunmei Ban Scientist III Photo of Chunmei Ban Phone: (303) 384-6504 Email: Chunmei.Ban@nrel.gov At NREL Since: 2008 Chunmei Ban graduated from Tianjin University with Bachelor's and Master's degrees in Electrochemistry, and from State University of New York at Binghamton with a Ph.D. in Chemistry. Dr. Ban joined NREL in 2008 and has focused her research on developing new materials for energy storage and conversion. She has extensive experience in synthesis of nanostructured materials, employing electrochemical analytic methods, et-situ/in-situ X-ray diffraction, and electron microscopy for the investigation of electrochemical properties and structure. Her current research is focused on the synthesis and analysis of nano-materials with desirable structures

4

Synthetic Datasets Rong Huang, Rada Chirkova, Yahya Fathi  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Synthetic Datasets Rong Huang, Rada Chirkova, Yahya Fathi 1 Introduction Datasets may be generated will define symmetric synthetic dataset and two types of non-symmetric synthetic datasets that has some introduce symmetric synthetic dataset, its structure and the properties of the associated views. In Section

Young, R. Michael

5

Limited Test Ban Treaty | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Photo Gallery Jobs Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home Limited Test Ban Treaty Limited Test Ban Treaty US Air Force Launches Satellite Carrying...

6

North Slope export ban in repealed  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Senate and House both approve a bill lifting the 20-year-old ban on exports from the North Slope. The importance of this action is described.

NONE

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Coal ban could heat up electricity prices  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Coal ban could heat up electricity prices ... The U.S. EPAs new report on the economic impact of the bill suggests it would cost households $100?140 per year by 2030. ...

Janet Pelley

2009-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

8

Computational Study for Workforce Scheduling and Routing Problems J. Arturo Castillo-Salazar, Dario Landa-Silva and Rong Qu  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Computational Study for Workforce Scheduling and Routing Problems J. Arturo Castillo-Salazar, Dario Landa-Silva and Rong Qu Automated Scheduling, Optimisation and Planning (ASAP) Research Group, School.K. {psxjaca, dario.landasilva, rong.qu}@nottingham.ac.uk Keywords: Workforce Scheduling and Routing

Landa-Silva, Dario

9

Motor Gasoline Outlook and State MTBE Bans  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Motor Gasoline Outlook Motor Gasoline Outlook and State MTBE Bans Tancred Lidderdale Contents 1. Summary 2. MTBE Supply and Demand 3. Ethanol Supply 4. Gasoline Supply 5. Gasoline Prices A. Long-Term Equilibrium Price Analysis B. Short-Term Price Volatility 6. Conclusion 7. Appendix A. Estimating MTBE Consumption by State 8. Appendix B. MTBE Imports and Exports 9. Appendix C. Glossary of Terms 10. End Notes 11. References 1. Summary The U.S. is beginning the summer 2003 driving season with lower gasoline inventories and higher prices than last year. Recovery from this tight gasoline market could be made more difficult by impending State bans on the blending of methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) into gasoline that are scheduled to begin later this year. Three impending State bans on MTBE blending could significantly affect gasoline

10

Motor Gasoline Outlook and State MTBE Bans  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

The U.S. is beginning the summer 2003 driving season with lower gasoline inventories and higher prices than last year. Recovery from this tight gasoline market could be made more difficult by impending state bans on the blending of methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) into gasoline that are scheduled to begin later this year.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

State bans dumping of chemicals in landfill  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

State bans dumping of chemicals in landfill ... California governor Edmund G. Brown Jr. has begun a program aimed at eliminating most hazardous-waste chemicals from landfills in that statea goal that will be difficult and costly to achieve. ...

1981-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

12

Graphene Edge Lithography Guibai Xie, Zhiwen Shi, Rong Yang, Donghua Liu, Wei Yang, Meng Cheng, Duoming Wang, Dongxia Shi,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Graphene Edge Lithography Guibai Xie, Zhiwen Shi, Rong Yang, Donghua Liu, Wei Yang, Meng Cheng: Fabrication of graphene nanostructures is of importance for both investigating their intrinsic physical approach for graphene nanostructures. Compared with conventional lithographic fabrication techniques

Zhang, Guangyu

13

Status and Impact of State MTBE Bans  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Status and Impact of State MTBE Bans Status and Impact of State MTBE Bans Background As a result of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 (CAAA90), the year-round use of reformulated gasoline (RFG) has been required in cities with the worst smog problems since 1995 (Figure 1). One of the requirements of RFG specified by CAAA90 is a 2- percent oxygen requirement, which is met by blending "oxygenates," 1 including methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) and ethanol, into the gasoline. MTBE is the oxygenate used in almost all RFG outside of the Midwest. Ethanol is currently used in the Midwest as an oxygenate in RFG and as an octane booster and volume extender in conventional gasoline. Several years ago, MTBE was detected in water supplies scattered throughout the country, but predominantly in areas using RFG. MTBE from RFG was apparently

14

Supporting the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty  

SciTech Connect

PNNL operates the only certified laboratory in the U.S. for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty's International Monitoring System (IMS).

Bowyer, Ted

2014-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

15

Supporting the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

PNNL operates the only certified laboratory in the U.S. for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty's International Monitoring System (IMS).

Bowyer, Ted

2014-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

16

Limited Test Ban Treaty Signed | National Nuclear Security Administrat...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Limited Test Ban Treaty Signed | National Nuclear Security Administration People Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency...

17

Senate Rejects Test Ban Treaty | National Nuclear Security Administrat...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Senate Rejects Test Ban Treaty | National Nuclear Security Administration People Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency...

18

Ban On Foreign Scientists' Visits To Weapon Labs Lifted  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Ban On Foreign Scientists' Visits To Weapon Labs Lifted ... Once again, foreign scientists from "sensitive" countries may be able to work with U.S. scientists at Department of Energy nuclear weapons laboratories. ...

JEFF JOHNSON

2000-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

19

City of Banning, California (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Banning, California (Utility Company) Banning, California (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name Banning City of Place California Utility Id 1192 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location WECC NERC WECC Yes ISO CA Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes Activity Wholesale Marketing Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle Yes Alt Fuel Vehicle2 Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png General and Industrial Service Industrial Large General and Industrial Service TOU Industrial Low Income Qualified Baseline Service Residential Municipal Service Commercial

20

Gamma-Ray Bursts Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, 1963  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lecture 18 Gamma-Ray Bursts #12;Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, 1963 First Vela satellite pair launched and their predecessors, Vela 4, discovered the first gamma-ray bursts. The discovery was announced by Klebesadel, Strong, and Olson (ApJ, 182, 85) in 1973. #12;First Gamma-Ray Burst The Vela 5 satellites functioned from July, 1969

Harrison, Thomas

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rong ban kst" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Plan to ban nitrites in foods dropped, for now  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Plan to ban nitrites in foods dropped, for now ... However, this recent slide-by-slide review of 50,000 tissues taken from the 2000 rats in Newberne's study found fewer cancerous lesions in the nitrite-fed rats than Newberne reported. ...

1980-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

22

MARKET SHARE INDICATES QUALITY AMIR BAN AND NATI LINIAL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MARKET SHARE INDICATES QUALITY AMIR BAN AND NATI LINIAL Abstract. Market share and quality to the effect that higher market share indicates higher quality. Indeed, such an inference would need detailed quality. We investigate a model where customers are informed about their history with products and about

Linial, Nathan "Nati"

23

UN Security Council: Iran violating ban on nuclear weapons programs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

UN Security Council: Iran violating ban on nuclear weapons programs 7 September 2011 Denouncement weaponization of its nuclear program. The United States, Germany, France and Britain joined forces in exposing of its nuclear activities.' Rice said the installation of a uranium enrichment facility and heavy

24

Nuclear waste ban threatens research at Brookhaven laboratory  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... has been simmering since 1976, when the city placed a ban on the transport of waste material which could, if unresolved, eventually impinge directly on research activities at the laboratory ... could, if unresolved, eventually impinge directly on research activities at the laboratory.

David Dickson

1978-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

25

Trading Puts and CDS on Stocks with Short Sale Ban Sophie Xiaoyan Ni and Jun Pan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

not perform differently from the middle group. Within the sample of banned stocks with CDS traded and using in banned stocks and the trading of options and CDS. Within the sample of banned stocks with exchange traded options, stocks whose put-call ratios are in the top quintile underperform the middle group by 2.13% and 4

Gabrieli, John

26

Bio-inspired Active Soft Orthotic Device for Ankle Foot Pathologies Yong-Lae Park, Bor-rong Chen, Diana Young, Leia Stirling,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bio-inspired Active Soft Orthotic Device for Ankle Foot Pathologies Yong-Lae Park, Bor-rong Chen the design of an active soft ankle- foot orthotic device powered by pneumatic artificial muscles for treating assistance without restricting degrees of freedom at the ankle joint. Three pneumatic artificial muscles

Napp, Nils

27

Preparations for Meeting New York and Connecticut MTBE Bans  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2 2 Preparations for Meeting New York and Connecticut MTBE Bans October 2003 Office of Oil and Gas Energy Information Administration U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 This report was prepared by the Energy Information Administration, the independent statistical and analytical agency within the Department of Energy. The information contained herein should not be construed as advocating or reflecting any policy position of the Department of Energy or of any other organization. Contacts and Acknowledgments This report was prepared by the Office of Oil and Gas of the Energy Information Administration (EIA) under the direction of John Cook, Director, Petroleum Division. Questions concerning the report may be directed to Joanne Shore (202/586-4677),

28

The Economic Effects of New Jersey's Self-Serve Operations Ban on Retail Gasoline Markets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper tests the effect of the self-service ban on retail gasoline sales using a random sample of gas stations from Mercer County New Jersey. The paper ... reduces the number of pumps and islands. Gas stations

Donald Vandegrift; Joseph A. Bisti

2001-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Point-of-sale tobacco advertising in Beirut, Lebanon following a national advertising ban  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The objective of this study was to conduct an audit of point-of-sale (POS) tobacco advertising and assess compliance with an advertising ban in a large district of Beirut,...

Ramzi G Salloum; Rima T Nakkash; Allison E Myers; Kathryn A Wood

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Livermore scientist, engineers train to be inspectors for test ban treaty  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

scientist, engineers train to be inspectors for test ban treaty scientist, engineers train to be inspectors for test ban treaty organization | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > NNSA Blog > Livermore scientist, engineers train to be inspectors ... Livermore scientist, engineers train to be inspectors for test ban treaty organization

31

Understanding the Rate of Clean Up for Oil Zones after a Gel Treatment R.S. Seright, SPE, New Mexico Petroleum Recovery Research Center, W. Brent Lindquist, SPE, and Rong Cai,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SPE 112976 Understanding the Rate of Clean Up for Oil Zones after a Gel Treatment R.S. Seright, SPE, New Mexico Petroleum Recovery Research Center, W. Brent Lindquist, SPE, and Rong Cai, Stony Brook at the 2008 SPE Improved Oil Recovery Symposium held in Tulsa, Oklahoma, U.S.A., 19­23 April 2008. This paper

New York at Stoney Brook, State University of

32

Comparison of the Ca+HF(DF) and Sr+HF(DF) reaction dynamics Rong Zhang, David J. Rakestraw,a) Kenneth G. McKendrick,b) and Richard N. Zare  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Comparison of the Ca+HF(DF) and Sr+HF(DF) reaction dynamics Rong Zhang, David J. Rakestraw family, Ca and Sr with rovibrationally selected HF or DF, has been carried out under single-collision conditions. A thermal beam of the alkaline earth atoms, Ca or Sr, is fired into a low-pressure gas of HF

Zare, Richard N.

33

Free Trade in Oil and Natural Gas, The Case for Lifting the Ban on U.S. Energy Exports  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Not only should the US lift its ban on exporting oil and natural gas in light of todays economic and political climate, but it was wrong to ever ban such exports in the first place. The US should cease to view its energy resources as a purely...

Griffin, James M.; Gause, F. Gregory

34

Jeri Muoio's gun ban at West Palm Beach city hall By ANDREW ABRAMSON  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jeri Muoio's gun ban at West Palm Beach city hall draws fire By ANDREW ABRAMSON Palm Beach Post Jeri Muoio might negotiate on some issues, but when it comes to guns in city hall, she holds her ground with a gun," Muoio said at a city commission meeting last month. "If you're coming into city hall, leave your

Belogay, Eugene A.

35

OPEN FORUM ON THE CHEMICAL WEAPONS CONVENTION Challenges to the Chemical Weapons Ban  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OPEN FORUM ON THE CHEMICAL WEAPONS CONVENTION Challenges to the Chemical Weapons Ban 1 MAY 2003 and Former Chairman of the Ad Hoc Committee on Chemical Weapons Conference on Disarmament PRESENTATIONS Chemical Weapons Destruction CHEMICAL WEAPONS DESTRUCTION IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION: Sergey Baranovsky

Sussex, University of

36

Top UN officials call on hold-out States to ratify treaty banning nuclear tests  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Top UN officials call on hold-out States to ratify treaty banning nuclear tests 29 August 2011 in Kurchatov, Kazakhstan. (June 2010) 29 August 2011 ­ Warning that voluntary moratoriums on nuclear weapon War, hundreds of nuclear weapon tests left behind a devastating legacy for local citizens

37

Environment: Minnesota bans purchase of soaps and cleaning products with triclosan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Environment: Minnesota bans purchase of soaps and cleaning products with triclosan ... Come June, Minnesota state agencies will be able to purchase only soaps and detergents that are free of the antibacterial ingredient triclosan. ... The move makes Minnesota the first state to adopt a procurement policy that specifically prohibits the purchase of products with triclosan, sources representing industry and environmental and health advocates tell C&EN. ...

CHERYL HOGUE

2013-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

38

Pontotoc Co. Greene Co. Hale Co. OAK GROVE C OAL D EGAS CEDAR COVE  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

COAL D EGAS BLU E CREEK COAL DEGAS BR OOKWOOD C OAL D EGAS ST AR ROBIN SONS BEND COAL D EGAS BLU FF COR INNE MOU NDVILLE COAL D EGAS BLU EGU T CR EEK WH ITE OAK CREEK COAL DEGAS BEAVERT ON BLU FF FAYETTE W SN EAD S CREEK SPLU NGE PAR HAM N MUSGR OVE CR EEK MCCRAC KEN MOU NTAIN DAVIS C HAPEL BAC ON BLOOMING GROVE MT Z ION FAIRVIEW JASPER BLOWHORN CREEK MAPLE BRAN CH KEN NEDY COAL F IRE CR EEK MCGEE LAKE SILOAM MILLPOR T FERNBANK DAVIS C HAPEL NE DETROIT E BEANS F ERRY LEXIN GT ON PET ERSON COAL D EGAS CALEDONIA ABERD EEN HOL T COAL D EGAS MULDON ELD RIDGE MCKINLEY CREEK TREBLOC HEARTLIN E SH ANNON TROY_MS_D BOXES CREEK WISE GAP NOR THSID E TREMONT VAN VLEET HOL LY BET HEL CHU RCH ABERD EEN S ST RONG BAN KST ON MOLLOY WR EN COR INTH WELLS THORN REID REID HOU STON ST AR DEERLICK CREEK COAL D EGAS OAK GROVE COAL D EGAS BIG SANDY CREEK COAL D EGAS MABEN LITT LE SAND Y CREEK COAL D

39

Pontotoc Co. Greene Co. Hale Co. OAK GROVE C OAL D EGAS CEDAR COVE COAL DEGAS  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

COAL DEGAS COAL DEGAS BLU E CREEK COAL DEGAS BR OOKWOOD C OAL D EGAS ST AR ROBIN SONS BEND COAL DEGAS BLU FF COR INNE MOU NDVILLE COAL DEGAS BLU EGU T CR EEK WH ITE OAK CREEK COAL DEGAS BEAVERT ON BLU FF FAYETTE W SN EAD S CREEK SPLU NGE PAR HAM N MUSGR OVE CR EEK MCCRAC KEN MOU NTAIN DAVIS C HAPEL BAC ON BLOOMING GROVE MT Z ION FAIRVIEW JASPER BLOWHORN CREEK MAPLE BRAN CH KEN NEDY COAL F IRE CR EEK MCGEE LAKE SILOAM MILLPOR T FERNBANK DAVIS C HAPEL NE DETROIT E BEANS F ERRY LEXIN GT ON PET ERSON COAL DEGAS CALEDONIA ABERD EEN HOL T COAL DEGAS MULDON ELD RIDGE MCKINLEY CREEK TREBLOC HEARTLIN E SH ANNON TROY_MS_D BOXES CREEK WISE GAP NOR THSID E TREMONT VAN VLEET HOL LY BET HEL CHU RCH ABERD EEN S ST RONG BAN KST ON MOLLOY WR EN COR INT H WELLS THORN REID REID HOU STON ST AR DEERLICK CR EEK C OAL DEGAS OAK GROVE C OAL D EGAS BIG SANDY C REEK COAL D EGAS MABEN LITT LE SAND Y CREEK COAL DEGAS

40

Comprehensive test ban treaty international monitoring system security threats and proposed security attributes  

SciTech Connect

To monitor compliance with a Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT), a sensing network, referred to as the International Monitoring System (IMS), is being deployed. Success of the IMS depends on both its ability to preform its function and the international community`s confidence in the system. To ensure these goals, steps must be taken to secure the system against attacks that would undermine it; however, it is not clear that consensus exists with respect to the security requirements that should be levied on the IMS design. In addition, CTBT has not clearly articulated what threats it wishes to address. This paper proposes four system-level threats that should drive IMS design considerations, identifies potential threat agents, and collects into one place the security requirements that have been suggested by various elements of the IMS community. For each such requirement, issues associated with the requirement are identified and rationale for the requirement is discussed.

Draelos, T.J.; Craft, R.L.

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rong ban kst" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Using Landsat imagery to map forest change in southwest China in response to the national logging ban and ecotourism development  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ban and ecotourism development Jodi S. Brandt a, , Tobias Kuemmerle b,c , Haomin Li d , Guopeng Ren e government has legislated strong forest protection and fostered the growth of ecotourism-based economic periods of forestry policy and ecotourism development from 1974 to 2009. Our analysis showed that logging

Radeloff, Volker C.

42

Policing the peace: How nations will monitor a nuclear test ban  

SciTech Connect

Steve R. Bratt`s belt started chirping as if on cue, precisely as he was boasting about a new global watchdog system for detecting nuclear tests. Bratt, a seismologist with the US Department of Defense, retrieved the beeper from his hip and studied it for a few seconds. {open_quotes}I`ve got an alert. It`s from Lop Nor. Lop Nor is the Chinese test site,{close_quotes} he explained. Two stations in a worldwide network of seismometers had just picked up vibrations emanating from central Asia, near China`s known nuclear facility. The shock was small, about magnitude 3.5. In bomb equivalents, it would correspond to less than a half kiloton explosion. In this case, however, Bratt suspected the alert was just a minor earthquake. Timing provided an important clue: The shock had originated at 12:19 Greenwich Mean Time, which is not the kind of round, on-the-hour time that countries usually choose for performing a major weapon test. Seismic analysts would later confirm Bratt`s hunch when they determined that the Chinese vibrations actually originated at an unlikely place to stage a test, hundreds of kilometers away from the Lop Nor site. The impromptu demonstration nonetheless made a good advertisement for the new international monitoring system-an ever-figilant network of sensors strung around the globe, listening, sniffing, and waiting. This article describes the problems involved in test ban monitoring and the possibilities for solving them.

Monastersky, R.

1996-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

43

Near-Term Implications of a Ban on New Coal-Fired Power Plants in the United States  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A national ban on new coal-fired power plants does not lead to CO2 reductions of the scale required under proposed federal legislation such as Lieberman-Warner but would greatly increase the fraction of time when natural gas sets the price of electricity, even with aggressive wind and demand response policies. ... In the demand response scenario, per capital demand growth is zero. ...

Adam Newcomer; Jay Apt

2009-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

44

The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty and the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty, the relationship  

SciTech Connect

The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) is the most important international security arrangement that we have that is protecting the world community and this has been true for many years. But it did not happen by accident, it is a strategic bargain in which 184 states gave up the right forever to acquire the most powerful weapon ever created in exchange for a commitment from the five states allowed to keep nuclear weapons under the NPT (U.S., U.K., Russia, France and China), to share peaceful nuclear technology and to engage in disarmament negotiations aimed at the ultimate elimination of their nuclear stockpiles. The most important part of this is the comprehensive nuclear test ban (CTBT); the thinking by the 184 NPT non-nuclear weapon states was and is that they understand that the elimination of nuclear weapon stockpiles is a long way off, but at least the NPT nuclear weapon states could stop testing the weapons. The CTBT has been ratified by 161 states but by its terms it can only come into force if 44 nuclear potential states ratify; 36 have of the 44 have ratified it, the remaining eight include the United States and seven others, most of whom are in effect waiting for the United States. No state has tested a nuclear weapon-except for complete outlier North Korea-in 15 years. There appears to be no chance that the U.S. Senate will approve the CTBT for ratification in the foreseeable future, but the NPT may not survive without it. Perhaps it is time to consider an interim measure, for the UN Security Council to declare that any future nuclear weapon test any time, anywhere is a 'threat to peace and security', in effect a violation of international law, which in today's world it clearly would be.

Graham, Thomas Jr. [7609 Glenbrook Rd., Bethesda, MD 20814 (United States)

2014-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

45

Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty research and development FY95-96 program plan  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy (DOE) is responsible for the United States Government`s (USG) research and development (R&D) functions for monitoring nuclear explosions in the context of a Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT). This responsibility includes the November 1993 transfer of the Department of Defense`s (DoD) CTBT R&D responsibility to DOE. The DOE research program builds on the broad base of USG expertise developed historically and includes R&D for detecting, locating, identifying, and characterizing nuclear explosions in all environments. The Office of Research and Development (NN-20), within the Department of Energy`s Office of Nonproliferation and National Security, formulates and executes the efforts necessary to meet the Department`s responsibilities. The following DOE laboratories as a team will support NN-20 in implementing the program plan: Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Pacific Northwest Laboratory, and Sandia National Laboratories. DOE has committed to a cooperative program that draws upon the core competencies of the national laboratories and upon the strengths of other government agencies and the private sector (academia and industry). The integration of resources under a common direction will allow the program to be flexible and responsive to changing technical and policy requirements while maximizing the effectiveness of funding appropriations. DOE will develop and demonstrate appropriate technologies, algorithms, procedures, and integrated systems in a cost-effective and timely manner. The program comprises seismic, radionuclide, hydroacoustic, and infrasound monitoring; on-site inspection; space-based monitoring; and automated data processing elements.

None

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Proceedings of the 21st Seismic Research Symposium: Technologies for Monitoring The Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty  

SciTech Connect

These proceedings contain papers prepared for the 21st Seismic Research Symposium: Technologies for Monitoring The Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty, held 21-24 September 1999 in Las Vegas, Nevada. These papers represent the combined research related to ground-based nuclear explosion monitoring funded by the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA), Air Force Technical Applications Center (AFTAC), Department of Defense (DoD), the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO), and other invited sponsors. The scientific objectives of the research are to improve the United States capability to detect, locate, and identify nuclear explosions. The purpose of the meeting is to provide the sponsoring agencies, as well as potential users, an opportunity to review research accomplished during the preceding year and to discuss areas of investigation for the coming year. For the researchers, it provides a forum for the exchange of scientific information toward achieving program goals, and an opportunity to discuss results and future plans. Paper topics include: seismic regionalization and calibration; detection and location of sources; wave propagation from source to receiver; the nature of seismic sources, including mining practices; hydroacoustic, infrasound, and radionuclide methods; on-site inspection; and data processing.

Warren, N. Jill [Editor

1999-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

47

Measurement of 37Ar to support technology for On-site Inspection under the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On-Site Inspection (OSI) is a key component of the verification regime for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT). Measurements of radionuclide isotopes created by an underground nuclear explosion are a valuable signature of a Treaty violation. Argon-37 is produced from neutron interaction with calcium in soil, 40Ca(n,{\\alpha})37Ar. For OSI, the 35-day half-life of 37Ar provides both high specific activity and sufficient time for completion of an inspection before decay limits sensitivity. This paper presents a low-background internal-source gas proportional counter with an 37Ar measurement sensitivity level equivalent to 45.1 mBq/SCM in whole air.

C. E. Aalseth; A. R. Day; D. A. Haas; E. W. Hoppe; B. J. Hyronimus; M. E. Keillor; E. K. Mace; J. L. Orrell; A. Seifert; V. T. Woods

2010-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

48

Post?installation activities in the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) International Monitoring System (IMS) infrasound network  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The provisional operation and maintenance of IMS infrasound stations after installation and subsequent certification has the objective to prepare the infrasound network for entry into force of the Comprehensive Nuclear?Test?Ban Treaty (CTBT). The goal is to maintain and fine tune the technical capabilities of the network to repair faulty equipment and to ensure that stations continue to meet the minimum specifications through evaluation of data quality and station recalibration. Due to the globally dispersed nature of the network this program constitutes a significant undertaking that requires careful consideration of possible logistic approaches and their financial implications. Currently 11 of the 60 IMS infrasound stations are transmitting data in the post?installation Testing & Evaluation mode. Another 5 stations are under provisional operation and are maintained in post?certification mode. It is expected that 20% of the infrasound network will be certified by the end of 2002. This presentation will focus on the different phases of post?installation activities of the IMS infrasound program and the logistical challenges to be tackled to ensure a cost?efficient management of the network. Specific topics will include Testing & Evaluation and Certification of Infrasound Stations as well as Configuration Management and Network Sustainment.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Hyperbolic Centroidal Voronoi Tessellation Guodong Rong  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. A novel hyperbolic CVT energy is defined, and the relationship between minimizing this energy in computational ge- ometry, and has a wide usage in different areas in geometric mod- eling, computer graphics strategies, such as minimizing the total cutting edge length and matching the cut graph with the feature

Jin, Miao

50

Superconductivity in Ban+2Ir4nGe12n+4 (n=1,2) with cage structure and softening of low-lying localized mode  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We report on new superconductors Ban+2Ir4nGe12n+4 (n= 1, 2) with critical temperatures Tc= 6.1 and 3.2K, respectively, along with their crystal structures, electron transport, and specific heat. The compounds are composed of alternating Ba@Ir8Ge16 and Ba@Ir2Ge16 cages, both of which are larger in the n= 1 sample than in the n= 2 sample. The normal-state heat capacity reveals two low-lying vibration modes associated with guest Ba cations, and both characteristic temperatures in Ba3Ir4Ge16 are smaller than those in Ba4Ir8Ge28. Meanwhile, the density functional theory calculations reveal that the Ge-4p bands dominated the Fermi level in both samples. We propose that the softening of localized phonons due to expansion of the cage strengthens the electron-phonon coupling between Ba cations and Ge anions, leading to the higher Tc in Ba3Ir4Ge16.

Jiangang Guo, Jun-ichi Yamaura, Hechang Lei, Satoru Matsuishi, Yanpeng Qi, and Hideo Hosono

2013-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

51

Proceedings of the 22nd Annual DoD/DOE Seismic Research Symposium: Planning for Verification of and Compliance with the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT)  

SciTech Connect

These proceedings contain papers prepared for the 22nd Annual DoD/DOE Seismic Research Symposium: Planning for Verification of and Compliance with the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT), held 13-15 September 2000 in New Orleans, Louisiana. These papers represent the combined research related to ground-based nuclear explosion monitoring funded by the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA), Air Force Technical Applications Center (AFTAC), Department of Defense (DoD), US Army Space and Missile Defense Command, Defense Special Weapons Agency (DSWA), and other invited sponsors. The scientific objectives of the research are to improve the United States capability to detect, locate, and identify nuclear explosions. The purpose of the meeting is to provide the sponsoring agencies, as well as potential users, an opportunity to review research accomplished during the preceding year and to discuss areas of investigation for the coming year. For the researchers, it provides a forum for the exchange of scientific information toward achieving program goals, and an opportunity to discuss results and future plans. Paper topics include: seismic regionalization and calibration; detection and location of sources; wave propagation from source to receiver; the nature of seismic sources, including mining practices; hydroacoustic, infrasound, and radionuclide methods; on-site inspection; and data processing.

Nichols, James W., LTC [Editor

2000-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

52

Reagan Plans Test Ban Revisions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...historically constructed high-yield warheads in an attempt to compensate for the inaccuracy...depends on an assumption that the Soviets' warhead designs are simpler and more reliable...matters, support for keeping the treaty intact has grown considerably on Capitol Hill...

R. JEFFREY SMITH

1983-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

53

Tracking Magnetics above Portable Displays Rong-Hao Liang  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

field inten- sities, in a range from 0 to 200 Gauss on a 256-point scale. The captured bi-polar magnetic magnet pair is used (Figure 1(d)). Four applications (Figure 2) are presented to demonstrate how. As a clock widget (Figure 2(a)), a user can lift it to a different height to select a hand to adjust

Ouhyoung, Ming

54

Power-Aware Speedup Rong Ge and Kirk Cameron  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-aware processors operate in various power modes to reduce energy consumption with a corresponding decrease in peak hours, Earth Simulator could produce enough BTU's to heat an average 2000 square foot home in the U processor throughput. Recent work has shown power-aware clusters can conserve significant energy (>30

Ge, Rong

55

CONOVER. R. J., RAVI DURVASULA, SUZANNE ROY, AND RONG ...  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Feb 5, 1985 ... a is converted to pheo- ... and energy transfer in aquatic food chains ..... fluorescence X conversion factor. Later Yentsch (1965, p. 655) used.

2000-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

56

Multicolor Fluorescent Biosensor for Multiplexed Detection of DNA Rong Hu,,,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Engineering, College of Biology, Collaborative Innovation Center of Molecular Engineering for Theranostics

Tan, Weihong

57

VAN DEN BAN-SCHLICHTKRULL-WALLACH ASYMPTOTIC ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ec. Norm. Sup. Pisa 22, 107112. [NS]. E. Nelson, F. Stinespring, Representations of elliptic operators in an enveloping. algebra, Amer. J. of Math. 81, 547560.

58

Evaluating California's handheld cell phone use ban.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Driver inattention has long been an issue for traffic safety advocates. Drivers may only briefly look away to change the radio station, answer a phone (more)

Stewart, Amy Kathleen

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Republicans seek to widen cloning ban  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... human cloning for the purposes of reproduction, but also the use of cloning in the private sector to create research embryos not intended for implantation. Senator Christopher Bond (Republican, ... but not implanted. He said: By allowing cloning research on human embryos in the private sector, the commission said: Go ahead as far as you can; when it ...

Meredith Wadman

1997-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

60

Hollow arguments against nuclear test ban  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... their recent contention that an event near Novaya Zemlya, in northern Russia, was a surreptitious nuclear test. ...

1997-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rong ban kst" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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61

Prospects for a comprehensive test ban  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... of nuclear materials to would-be nuclear-weapon states, or to terrorist organizations, and surreptitious restoration of 'downloaded' warheads to the missiles from which they were removed, must ...

Lord Zuckerman

1993-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

62

Approximation Power of Re nable Vectors of Functions y Rong-Qing Jia and Qingtang Jiang  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of functions in a compact form, which can be easily applied to concrete problems. Let IR denote the set of real ; : : : ; #30; r ) T be an r #2; 1 vector of compactly supported functions in L p (IR s ) (1 #20; p #20; 1;) and describe approximation schemes that achieve the optimal approximation order. We also give a self

Jiang, Qingtang

63

Theoretical Cluster Studies on the Catalytic Sulfidation of MoO3 Xue-Rong Shi,,,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, State Key Laboratory of Coal ConVersion, Institute of Coal Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences (HDN) processes and exhibit also high activity for methanation and for the Fischer-Tropsch synthesis and sulfur adsor- bates as well as hydrogen

64

SonarWatch: Appropriating the Forearm as a Slider Bar Rong-Hao Liang  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- ocedure. d to the Capacitive Touch Sensor Ultrasonic Rangefinder Micro-processor on Arduino Mini Figure 1 outputs are re- trieved by the Arduino Mini platform 2.2 Gesture recognition Our gesture recognition with an ultrasonic rangefinder and a capacitive touch sensor. Sensor outputs are re- trieved by the Arduino Mini

Ouhyoung, Ming

65

Null particle solutions in three-dimensional (anti-) de Sitter Rong-Gen Cai  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

automatically creates a "mirror" source. There is no pure one-particle solution globally. For the anti-de Sitter generated by a photon. By boosting the Schwarzschild solution to the ultrarelativistic limit in which

66

The Social Costs of an MTBE Ban in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

additive factors of the net loss in volume due to removal ofadditive factors of the net loss in volume due to removal of

Rausser, Gordon C.; Adams, Gregory D.; Montgomery, W. David; Smith, Anne E.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

The Social Costs of an MTBE Ban in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and W.D. Montgomery. Oil Prices, Energy Security, and Importnew equilibrium world oil price and level of U.S. imports.to estimate the changes in oil prices that would result from

Rausser, Gordon C.; Adams, Gregory D.; Montgomery, W. David; Smith, Anne E.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

The Test Ban Hearings: Congress Presses for Kennedy's Decision  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...must sat-isfy building specifications set up by the Office...which it ran at full power for three consecu-tive...recently com-pleted 1-thermal-megawatt pool-type...reactor of 2000-kilowatt power, built near Cairo with...DNA content with higher plant toler-ance to chronic...

1961-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

69

Advertising Bans and the Substitutability of Online and Offline Advertising  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The authors examine whether the growth of the Internet has reduced the effectiveness of government regulation of advertising. They combine nonexperimental variation in local regulation of offline alcohol advertising with ...

Goldfarb, Avi

70

Science Advice to Presidents: From Test Bans to SDI  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Times, June 11,1986. 77. Glenn Seaborg, Kennedy, Khrushchev,in the words of Glenn Seaborg, "a greater diversity of

Greb, G Allen

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

The comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty and Seismological Research  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...The predominant role for seismology will instead involve screening of all detected events to ensure that none of them are surreptitious nuclear explosions in violation of the Treaty. Applying seismology to detect nuclear explosions anywhere in the world is...

Thorne Lay

72

The comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty and Seismological Research  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...political context of global monitoring of underground nuclear...the Nevada Test Site. Monitoring active nuclear test...that none of them are surreptitious nuclear explosions in...chal- lenges for CTBT monitoring will be to sustain the...

Thorne Lay

73

The Social Costs of an MTBE Ban in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for crude oil. Ethanol also has lower energy density thangallon. 41 Ethanol also contains less energy per physicalbe replaced by ethanol. California Energy Commission, Staff

Rausser, Gordon C.; Adams, Gregory D.; Montgomery, W. David; Smith, Anne E.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

The Test Ban Hearings: Congress Presses for Kennedy's Decision  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...temperature in the Redstone rocket, in which insulation is limited because of weight. A slight...the shelters must sat-isfy building specifications set up by the Office of Civilian Defense...pay for the recently com-pleted 1-thermal-megawatt pool-type research reactor...

1961-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

75

Xenon monitoring and the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty  

SciTech Connect

How do you monitor (verify) a CTBT? It is a difficult challenge to monitor the entire world for nuclear tests, regardless of size. Nuclear tests 'normally' occur underground, above ground or underwater. Setting aside very small tests (let's limit our thinking to 1 kiloton or more), nuclear tests shake the ground, emit large amounts of radioactivity, and make loud noises if in the atmosphere (or hydroacoustic waves if underwater)

Bowyer, Theodore W. [Nuclear Explosion Monitoring Program, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, Washington 99352 (United States)

2014-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

76

Curie temperatures of annealed FePt nanoparticle systems Chuan-Bing Rong, Yang Li, and J. Ping Liua  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

procedures.7,17 The composition was controlled by adjusting the molar ratio of iron pentacar- bonyl Fe CO 5 to platinum acetylacetonate Pt acac 2. The synthesized nanoparticles were then deposited on a Si sub- strate

Liu, J. Ping

77

SonarWatch: Appropriating the Forearm as a Slider Bar Rong-Hao Liang1,2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by the Arduino Mini platform, which can be also attached on the watchband. Raw data is transfered to the server://www.xbox.com/kinect/ Capacitive Touch Sensor Ultrasonic Rangefinder Micro-processor on Arduino Mini Figure 1: Sonar- trieved by the Arduino Mini platform 2.2 Gesture recognition Our gesture recognition procedure

Ouhyoung, Ming

78

Ban Bi Thng cho Bi thng cho nhn vin l g?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

vic. Ví d: au lng khi b té ngã, b bng do hóa cht bn vào da, b thng trong tai nn xe hi khi i giao hàng làm vic: Chi tr nu vic quý v không c hng lng do chn thng ngn cn quý v làm công vic thông thng trong

79

A treaty to ban nuclear smuggling: The next step in nuclear material control?  

SciTech Connect

Since the demise of the Soviet Union, reports have continued to surface that weapons-usable nuclear material has been smuggled out of former Soviet territory into the hands of proliferant states. So far, few examples of nuclear smuggling have involved serious quantities of weapons-usable material, and much purported smuggling has involved attempted fraud rather than an effort to transfer fissile material. In no instance has an actual transfer to a potential proliferant state been verified.

Carnahan, B.M. [Science Applications International Corp., McLean, VA (United States); Smith, J.R.

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Ban on USChina space-program ties means missed opportunities for NASA  

SciTech Connect

Sino-US cooperation could stretch budgets and benefit both countries in space science and human flight.

Kramer, David

2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rong ban kst" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Disarmament and the Test Ban: Several New Developments Merely Confirm That the Outlook Is Dim  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Hoffman, president of Rocket-dyne, a part of North American Avia-tion, Inc., and T. F. Dixon, vice-presi-dent of Rocketdyne's research and en-gineering division, are co-recipients of the 1960 Louis W. Hill space transpor-tation award...

1961-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

82

3.6 AMENDMENT 41 GIFT BAN Highlights of Independent Ethics Commission's Position Statement on  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, on the basis that there is "lawful consideration of equal or greater value" exchanged: � Scholarships granted or a class of people under circumstances where others receive the same opportunity, and public employees

83

Updated Review Finds Little U.S. Military Risk in Nuclear Test Ban  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...and that treaty-monitoring technologies now make...Organization's International Monitoring System (IMS) is so capable...build a network of 337 monitoring stations across...parts of the world. Surreptitious tests small enough to...

Daniel Clery

2012-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

84

Generous allocation and a ban on banking implications of a simulation game for EU emissions trading  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Admitting banking in emissions trading systems reduces overall compliance costs by allowing ... appear to be allocated fairly generously to the emissions trading sector. In this paper, we first...

Joachim Schleich; Karl-Martin Ehrhart; Christian Hoppe

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

The 1994 Net Ban Constitutional Amendment: a case study of marine fisheries management in Florida  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On November 8, 1994 the Florida electorate voted 2,876,091 to 1,135,110 in favor of proposed amendment #3 to the state constitution. The amendment effectively reallocated the state's nearshore fisheries to predominantly recreational "hook and line...

Grimes, Shepherd Russell

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Modeling hydroacoustic waveform envelopes for comprehensive test?ban treaty monitoring  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Robust and accurate localization of explosion events in the oceans requires modeling signal arrival times for a number of receivers. Additional information contained in the waveform envelope may also be used to recover other source properties and reduce the probability of false alarms in nuclear explosion monitoring. The feasibility of efficient envelope modeling was investigated by comparing adiabatic normal?mode model predictions with explosion data. The K R A K E N computer code com?bined with appropriate dispersion curve interpolation was used to compute modal shapes and wave numbers in each range segment. To facilitate CTBT knowledge base development the model has been used to illustrate the various factors that contribute to the shape of the received hydroacoustic waveform envelope and provide design feedback for sensor placement and data analysis algorithms. The model was compared with data for two sourcereceiver paths: (a) the Chase21 ship scuttling explosion on 25 June 1970 off the New Jersey coast and recorded at the Ascension Island hydroacoustic array; and (b) nuclear explosions on Mururoa Atoll and received at the hydrophone at Point Sur California. Adiabatic normal?mode approach was found inadequate for source and receiver located far from the SOFAR axis. [Work supported by U.S. DOE Office of Nonproliferation and National Security.

Yevgeniy Y. Dorfman; Jay J. Pulli

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

An Integrated Web Resource for Cotton Alan R. Gingle,* Hongyu Yang, Peng W. Chee, O. Lloyd May, Junkang Rong, Daryl T. Bowman,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An Integrated Web Resource for Cotton Alan R. Gingle,* Hongyu Yang, Peng W. Chee, O. Lloyd May Cotton Diversity Database'' (http://cotton.agtec.uga.edu) is a Web resource for cotton (Gossypium spp to begin with a cotton accession and obtain all available data. The phenotypic data displays include

Chee, Peng W.

88

Nanoparticle enhanced evaporation of liquids: A case study of silicone oil Wenbin Zhang, Rong Shen, Kunquan Lu, Ailing Ji, and Zexian Cao  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to effective and economic treatment of polluted water, or desalination of seawater. Evaporation is a surface

Zexian, Cao

89

Ultra-sensitive strain sensors based on piezoresistive nanographene films Jing Zhao, Congli He, Rong Yang, Zhiwen Shi, Meng Cheng et al.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ultra-sensitive strain sensors based on piezoresistive nanographene films Jing Zhao, Congli He junction sensors with perpendicular anisotropy sensing layer Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 062412 (2012) Magneto, 053119 (2012) Design of a dual sensor probe array for internal field measurement in Versatile Experiment

Zhang, Guangyu

90

Active Modular Elastomer Sleeve for Soft Wearable Assistance Robots Yong-Lae Park, Bor-rong Chen, Carmel Majidi, Robert J. Wood, Radhika Nagpal, and Eugene Goldfield  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Carmel Majidi, Robert J. Wood, Radhika Nagpal, and Eugene Goldfield Abstract-- A proposed adaptive soft@andrew.cmu.edu). R. J. Wood and R. Nagpal are with the School of Engineering and Applied Science, Harvard University

Park, Yong-Lae

91

Implications of mining practices in an open-pit gold mine for monitoring of a comprehensive test-ban treaty  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the results of an experiment at the Gold Quarry pit, operated by the Newmont Gold Company at Carlin, NV The purpose of the experiment was to obtain local and regional seismic data, together with ``ground truth``, from conventional surface blasting activity and to use these data to help determine the effectiveness with which conventional mining blasts can be discriminated from underground nuclear explosions.

Jarpe, S.P.; Moran, B.; Goldstein, P.; Glenn, L.A.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Test Ban: U.S.S.R., G.O.P. Concur in Opposition to Administration's Newly Presented Proposal  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...genetic and plant breeding institute...con-sultant with the Dow Chemical Com-pany and...Claffey, 62; chemical en-gineer at...died 27 July in Madison. Elvehjem...University of Illinois; 24 May. Francis...Jeffrey, 56; plant physi-ologist...

1962-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

93

Test Ban: U.S.S.R., G.O.P. Concur in Opposition to Administration's Newly Presented Proposal  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Alfv6n, Arklv Mat. Astr. Fysik 29B, 1 (1942). 2. W. K...Urbana) Papers on control theory, applica-tions, and components...include a symposium covering basic techniques in information handling...Publications A compilation of basic information on Soviet scientific...

1962-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

94

RESOLUTION NO. 2013-93 A RESOLUTION OF THE CITY COUNCIL OF THE CITY OF BANNING UPDATING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

'S INTERNAL "RENEWABLE PORTFOLIO STANDARDS ENFORCEMENT PROGRAM AND RENEWABLE ENERGY RESOURCES PROCUREMENT PLAN and Renewable Energy Resources Procurement Plan; and WHEREAS, the California Energy Commission ("CEC") recently to adopt a Cost Limitations Policy that limits the impact that the State of California's Renewable

95

to damage the ozone layer in the stratosphere and are banned in developed countries. They are used as refrigerants, propellants,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

hexafluoride (SF6 ), GWP: 23,900 This is produced for use as an insulator in various kinds of elec- trical/navigating-the-numbers (accessed May 31, 2008). --DAVID J. CUFF GREENLAND ICE SHEET The Greenland ice sheet is the second largest ice mass on Earth and is about one-tenth the volume of the Antarctic ice sheet. It is the only

Huybrechts, Philippe

96

PAH Concentrations in Lake Sediment Decline Following Ban on Coal-Tar-Based Pavement Sealants in Austin, Texas  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

However, as described in SI (Effects of the 2007 Flood), sediment deposition in these cores appears to have been affected by a large flood on the Colorado River in Austin in July 2007 (SI Figure S-2), larger than any in the previous 20 years, as recorded at USGS stream gage 08158000 Colorado River at Austin, TX(33) (2.2 km downstream from Longhorn Dam (Figure 1)). ... In LBL.2, sediment from about 6 cm depth to the bottom of the core (25 cm depth) appears to have been disturbed by flooding. ...

Peter C. Van Metre; Barbara J. Mahler

2014-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

97

Zhilan Feng: Vita  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ph.D., Applied Mathematics, Arizona State University 1994 M.S., Mathematics ... Lih-Ing Wu Roeger, 2000, Associate Professor, Texas Tech. Libin Rong, 2007...

98

Computational Study for the Workforce Scheduling and Routing J. Arturo Castillo-Salazar1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Computational Study for the Workforce Scheduling and Routing Problem J. Arturo Castillo-Salazar1 , Dario Landa-Silva1 and Rong Qu1 1Automated Scheduling, Optimisation and Planning (ASAP) Research Group.landasilva, rong.qu}@nottingham.ac.uk Keywords: Employee Scheduling, Workforce Optimization, Personnel Routing

Qu, Rong

99

A NEW TRAPPING FACILITY FOR PRECISION EXPERIMENTS ON LOW ENERGY BEAM G. Ban, G. Darius, P. Delahaye, D. Durand, X. Flechard, M. Herbane, M. Labalme, E. Lienard,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Frequency Quadrupole Cooler Buncher[1] (RFQCB) was designed to handle beams with high emittance ions will be stored nearly at rest in a thin volume defined by the electric field of the transparent been performed with an off-line thermo-ionic source and an ECR source on the LIMBE facility at CIRIL

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

100

Spatial Reference in Rongga (ISO 639-3: ror), Balinese (ISO 639-3: ban), and Indonesian (ISO 639-3: ind)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are normal, and where the function is relevant, they behave according to their normal function. For example, the interpretation of The teapot is on the table is that the table stands normally, with its top horizontal, and the teapot sits on it. Thus..., the interpretation of a locative construction is based upon such normal situations. In the case where the teapot is on the stove, bed, etc. such spatial relations are still considered normal in English, in which the same preposition, i.e., on, is used to mark...

Aryawibawa, I. Nyoman

2010-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rong ban kst" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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101

The TT8 Gene Encodes a Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Domain Protein Required for Expression of DFR and BAN Genes in Arabidopsis Siliques  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...maize R-like regulatory loci increase the amount of pigmentation...decrease in DFR mRNA and an increase in C4H (cinnamate 4-hydroxylase...and natural antioxidants in wine Lesnick M.L. Chandler V...sequence alignment aided by quality analysis tools Urao T. Yamaguchi-Shinozaki...

Nathalie Nesi; Isabelle Debeaujon; Clarisse Jond; Georges Pelletier; Michel Caboche; Loïc Lepiniec

102

Applications of large eddy simulation methods to gyrokinetic turbulence A. Ban Navarro, B. Teaca, F. Jenko, G. W. Hammett, T. Happel, and ASDEX Upgrade Team  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Applications of large eddy simulation methods to gyrokinetic turbulence A. Bañón Navarro, B. Teaca~non Navarro,1,a) B. Teaca,2,3,4 F. Jenko,1,4 G. W. Hammett,4,5 T. Happel,1 and ASDEX Upgrade Team1 1 Max

Hammett, Greg

103

A versatile metal-organic framework for carbon dioxide capture...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

versatile metal-organic framework for carbon dioxide capture and cooperative catalysis Previous Next List Jinhee Park, Jian-Rong Li, Ying-Pin Chen, Jiamei Yu, Andrey A. Yakovenko,...

104

Carbon dioxide capture-related gas adsorption and separation...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Carbon dioxide capture-related gas adsorption and separation in metal-organic frameworks Previous Next List Jian-Rong Li, Yuguang Ma, M. Colin McCarthy, Julian Sculley, Jiamei Yu,...

105

E-Print Network 3.0 - alternating conjugated copolymers Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 5 > >> 1 Surface-Induced Phase Transition of Asymmetric Diblock Copolymer in Selective Solvents Rong Wang,*, Zhibin Jiang, Yeng-Long Chen, and Gi Xue Summary: Surface-Induced...

106

Design and synthesis of nucleobase-incorporated metal-organic...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Design and synthesis of nucleobase-incorporated metal-organic materials Previous Next List Muwei Zhang, Weigang Lu, Jian-Rong Li, Mathieu Bosch, Ying-Pin Chen, Tian-Fu Liu,...

107

Functional Mesoporous Metal-Organic Frameworks for the Capture...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Functional Mesoporous Metal-Organic Frameworks for the Capture of Heavy Metal Ions and Size-Selective Catalysis Previous Next List Qian-Rong Fang, Da-Qian Yuan, Julian Sculley,...

108

Segmentation of 3D Meshes through Spectral Clustering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2 , 2/ , ji eji D W - = 2/12/1 -- = WLLO L : diagonal matrix of W 's row sums Normalization PG '04Segmentation of 3D Meshes through Spectral Clustering Rong Liu, Hao Zhang GrUVi Lab, Simon Fraser

Zhang, Richard "Hao"

109

A study Assessing the Genotoxicity in Rats after Chronic Oral Exposure to a Low Dose of Depleted Uranium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Oral Exposure to a Low Dose of Depleted Uranium Yuhui Hao Rong Li * Yanbing...by chronic oral exposure to depleted uranium (DU). Materials and methods...exposure to a low dose of DU. Depleted uranium|Ingestion|Genotoxicity......

Yuhui Hao; Rong Li; Yanbing Leng; Jiong Ren; Jing Liu; Guoping Ai; Hui Xu; Yongping Su; Tianmin Cheng

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

The Reproductive Effects in Rats after Chronic Oral Exposure to Low-dose Depleted Uranium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Oral Exposure to Low-dose Depleted Uranium Yuhui Hao Rong Li * Yanbing...study evaluated the effects of depleted uranium (DU) on reproduction in rats...effects were obvious in F1 rats. Depleted uranium|Ingestion|Reproductive effects......

Yuhui Hao; Rong Li; Yanbing Leng; Jiong Ren; Jing Liu; Guoping Ai; Hui Xu; Yongping Su; Tianmin Cheng

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Abstract 1457: Valproic acid enhances radiation therapy by protecting normal hippocampal neurons and sensitizing malignant glioblastoma cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...and sensitizing malignant glioblastoma cells Kyle Sweeney 1 Sandeep Bhave 2 Rong Hu 3 Jerry Fong 3 Dennis Hallahan 3 Dinesh Kumar Thotala 3 1Emory University, Atlanta, GA 2Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 3Washington Univ. School of Medicine...

Kyle Sweeney; Sandeep Bhave; Rong Hu; Jerry Fong; Dennis Hallahan; and Dinesh Kumar Thotala

2012-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

112

> Energisatsning til gavn for  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

opvarmning. Samtidig med at vi la- der andre lande vinde de nye markeder for klima og energi,. På den måde Metal, Dansk Energi og Ingeniørforeningen (IDA) Tryk: Kailow Graphic ISBN: 978-87-7353-758-9 1500 energisystemet indrettes, så det understøtter vækst og beskæftigelse. DI, Dansk Metal, Dansk Energi og

113

Prevalence and predictors of home and automobile smoking bans and child environmental tobacco smoke exposure: a cross-sectional study of U.S.- and Mexico-born Hispanic women with young children  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

U.S.- and Mexico-born Hispanic mothers of children aged 2 through 12 ... (mother's country of birth, maternal and household smoking behaviors). Data were analyzed with...

Melissa Gonzales; Halinka Lorraine Malcoe; Michelle C Kegler

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

E-Print Network 3.0 - air force landfill Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Driving Forces towards Materials... lack of Waste-to-Energy capacity. 12;9 Austria As Germany, but Ban in force already in 2002. Landfill... Landfill Ban in force already in...

115

Body Area Networks for Ambulant Patient Monitoring Over Next Generation Public Wireless Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on a Body Area Network (BAN) and an m-health service platform utilizing UMTS and GPRS networks) for healthcare and an m-health service platform. The BAN incorporates a set of body-worn devices and handles

Widya, Ing

116

Readout on Today's Meeting Between U.S. Energy Secretary Steven...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Ban Ki-Moon June 5, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis On the occasion of World Environment Day, U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu and United Nations Secretary-General Ban...

117

Tobacco Policy in Municipal Buildings, 2001  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

not being smoke free. ONEIDA County Banned in all buildingsin all buildings County ONEIDA Cities OUTAGAMIE Cities

Department of Population Health Sciences Center for Health Policy and Program Evaluation,

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Before the House Subcommittee on Energy and Power, Committee on Energy and Commerce  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Subject: History of U.S Ban on Crude Oil Exports By: Adam Sieminski, Administrator Energy Information Administration

119

The Transition To Electric Bikes In China: History And Key Reasons For Rapid Growth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

lost automobile research bid for developing electricautomobile development, Beijing Communicative Administration Department [7] Fuzhou government bans electric

Weinert, Jonathan X.; Ma, Chaktan; Cherry, Chris

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

NET-VISA: Network Processing Vertically Integrated Seismic Analysis by Nimar S. Arora, Stuart Russell,*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the International Monitoring System (IMS), a global sensor network developed for the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban the IMS output. Introduction The Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT), which bans all nuclear the risks of nuclear weapons proliferation and testing. To monitor compliance with the treaty, the Prepara

Russell, Stuart

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rong ban kst" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Ohio's 10th congressional district: Energy Resources | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ohio. Ohio. Registered Research Institutions in Ohio's 10th congressional district Case Western Reserve University's Institute for Advanced Materials The Great Lakes Insitute for Energy Innovation Registered Policy Organizations in Ohio's 10th congressional district Earth Day Coalition Policy Matters Ohio Registered Energy Companies in Ohio's 10th congressional district Acorn Technology Corporation Acrion Technologies Arisdyne Systems Bio Energy LLC Blue Spark Technologies formerly Thin Battery Technologies Inc Daylighter Daily Solar Roof Light Dodson Lindblom International Inc Energy Industries of Ohio Ferro Corporation Five Star Technologies GELcore LLC Great Lakes WIND Network Intigral JW Great Lakes Wind LLC KST Coatings, A Business Unit of The Sherwin-Williams Company

122

The Dust Explosion Characteristics of Coal Dust in an Oxygen Enriched Atmosphere  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The ability to mix pulverised coal with oxygen at concentrations greater than the currently applied 21% may well provide advantages for burner design in oxy/coal fired systems. However the risk of dust explosions increases significantly with increasing oxygen concentration and temperature. In this study the influence of enriched oxygen concentrations is researched on the dust explosion characteristics of Indonesian (Sebuku) high volatile bituminous coal dust and on Pittsburgh Coal n8. Both ignition sensitivity characteristics (minimum ignition energy and minimum ignition temperatures) and explosion severity characteristics (maximum explosion pressure, Pmax, and maximum rate of pressure rise, Kst) are investigated.

Frederik Norman; Jan Berghmans; Filip Verplaetsen

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Ogmios 24  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

malochislennykh narodov Rossii ("languages of ethnic minorities of Russia"), 67 of which have been reviewed in considerable detail in the recent "Red Book" (Yazyki Narodov Rossii - Krasnaya Kniga), edited by V. P. Neroznak - Moscow 2002: ISBN 5-87444- 149... long fingers in a half-split log. As Odysseus did to the Cyclops, though, the woodcutter makes sure of his escape by giving a false name: as he leaves, he tells the powerless sprite that he is called B?lt?r, "Last Year". K?k?ra: K?st?, x#2;rap...

Ostler, Nicholas D M

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Testing the Accuracy and Stability of Spectral Methods in Numerical Relativity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The accuracy and stability of the Caltech-Cornell pseudospectral code is evaluated using the KST representation of the Einstein evolution equations. The basic "Mexico City Tests" widely adopted by the numerical relativity community are adapted here for codes based on spectral methods. Exponential convergence of the spectral code is established, apparently limited only by numerical roundoff error. A general expression for the growth of errors due to finite machine precision is derived, and it is shown that this limit is achieved here for the linear plane-wave test. All of these tests are found to be stable, except for simulations of high amplitude gauge waves with nontrivial shift.

Michael Boyle; Lee Lindblom; Harald Pfeiffer; Mark Scheel; Lawrence E. Kidder

2006-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

125

Test-Cost Sensitive Classification on Data with Missing Values  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Test-Cost Sensitive Classification on Data with Missing Values Qiang Yang, Senior Member, IEEE, Charles Ling, Xiaoyong Chai, and Rong Pan Abstract--In the area of cost-sensitive learning, inductive learning algorithms have been extended to handle different types of costs to better represent

Yang, Qiang

126

Introduction to Artificial Intelligence Neural Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction to Artificial Intelligence (G51IAI) Dr Rong Qu Neural Networks #12;G51IAI ­ Introduction to AI Neural Networks Chapter 20 ­ Artificial Intelligence : A Modern Approach (AIMA) Russell ­ Introduction to AI Neural Networks More precisely: Artificial Neural Networks Simulating, on a computer, what

Qu, Rong

127

6644 Chem. Commun., 2013, 49, 6644--6646 This journal is c The Royal Society of Chemistry 2013 Cite this: Chem. Commun., 2013,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and low-background strategy for fluorescence catalytic biosensors Ting Fu,a Xu-Hua Zhao,a Hua-Rong Bai body, especially to children.14,15 Although several DNAzyme-based fluorescence catalytic bio- sensors samples to ensure large signal to back- ground ratios (SBR) to counteract background interference

Tan, Weihong

128

Fast Bounded Online Gradient Descent Algorithms for Scalable Kernel-Based Online Learning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Zhao zhao0106@ntu.edu.sg Jialei Wang jl.wang@ntu.edu.sg Pengcheng Wu wupe0003@ntu.edu.sg Rong Jin rongjin@cse.msu.edu Steven C.H. Hoi chhoi@ntu.edu.sg School of Computer Engineering, Nanyang, they are neither computa- tionally efficient due to their intensive budget maintenance strategy nor effective due

Jin, Rong

129

AN ALGEBRAIC EXPRESSION FOR THE NUMBER OF KEKULE STRUCTURES OF BENZENOID CHAINS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the plane results in a graph such as that illustrated in Figures 1(a) and 1(b). In organic chemistry [6], Fu-ji & Rong-si [8], Artemi [1], Yamaguchi [14]. A whole recent book [5] is devoted to Kekule impose upon C\\, C >··, Cm the following conditions to reflect the underlying chemistry: (i) Every C

Bodro?a-Pantiæ, Olga

130

Patterned Growth of High-quality Single-walled Carbon Nanotubes from Dip-coated Catalyst  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Patterned Growth of High-quality Single-walled Carbon Nanotubes from Dip-coated Catalyst Rong the sintering of catalyst into Si at high temperature, the difference in surface wettability between Si and SiO2. The conventional way to pattern CNT growth involves selective sputtering (evaporation) of metal catalyst through

Maruyama, Shigeo

131

Oct 8, 2004 Segmentation of 3D Meshes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

matrix W using exponential kernel 2 , 2/ , ji eji D W - = 2/12/1 -- = WLLO L : diagonal matrix of W 'sOct 8, 2004 sfsdfsfd 1 Segmentation of 3D Meshes through Spectral Clustering Rong Liu, Hao Zhang Gr

Toronto, University of

132

VOLUME 78, NUMBER 12 P H Y S I C A L R E V I E W L E T T E R S 24 MARCH 1997 Liquid-Liquid Phase Transition: Evidence from Simulations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transition: Evidence from Simulations Stephen Harrington,1 Rong Zhang,1 Peter H. Poole,2 Francesco Sciortino]. In the case of water, several studies [2­8] are germane to the hypothesis [2] that in addition to the known by an inter- face. Mass conservation fixes the relative amount of the two different phases. The two coexisting

Stanley, H. Eugene

133

Electronic Supplementary Material Scalable preparation of porous silicon nanoparticles and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and their application for lithium-ion battery anodes Mingyuan Ge1 , Jiepeng Rong1 , Xin Fang1 , Anyi Zhang1 , Yunhao Lu2 with reduced graphene oxide Figure S2 TEM image of porous silicon nanoparticles after carbon coating and graphene wrapping. #12;www.theNanoResearch.comwww.Springer.com/journal/12274 | Nano R

Zhou, Chongwu

134

Solution Ionic Strength Engineering As a Generic Strategy to Coat Graphene Oxide (GO) on Various Functional Particles and Its  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in improving the properties of particle materials. KEYWORDS: Graphene oxide, sulfur, lithium-sulfur batteriesSolution Ionic Strength Engineering As a Generic Strategy to Coat Graphene Oxide (GO) on Various Functional Particles and Its Application in High-Performance Lithium-Sulfur (Li-S) Batteries Jiepeng Rong

Zhou, Chongwu

135

Solution Ionic Strength Engineering as a Generic Strategy to Coat Graphene Oxide (GO)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Solution Ionic Strength Engineering as a Generic Strategy to Coat Graphene Oxide (GO) on Various Functional Particles and Its Application in High-Performance Lithium- Sulfur (Li-S) Batteries Jiepeng Rong Angeles, California 90089, United States Graphene oxide (GO) synthesis GO used in this study was prepared

Zhou, Chongwu

136

Design, Synthesis, and Characterization of Bent-Core Mesogen-Jacketed Liquid Crystalline Polymers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Xiaofang Chen,, Kishore K. Tenneti, Christopher Y. Li,*, Yaowen Bai, Rong Zhou, Xinhua Wan, Xinghe Fan compared to their random coil counterparts. Macromolecular chain rigidity can be induced by helical chain et al.2,3 In this system, mesogenic units are laterally attached to the backbone. As evidenced

Wan, Xin-hua

137

JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE IV Colloque C8, suppl6ment a u Journal d e Physique I, Volume 3, dkcembre 1993  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Absolute calibration of small angle neutron scatteringdata using strong coherent scattering D.D. LEE, J illustrate how st,rong coherent scattering can be used t o experi~nentallynieasure the incident neutron bean1~mentsavailable to the general scientific conununity increases, small angle neutron scattering (SANS) is an ever more popular

Boyer, Edmond

138

Using Satellite Ocean Color Data to Derive an Empirical Model for the Penetration Depth of Solar Radiation (Hp) in the Tropical Pacific Ocean  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Radiation (Hp) in the Tropical Pacific Ocean RONG-HUA ZHANG State Key Laboratory of Satellite OceanUsing Satellite Ocean Color Data to Derive an Empirical Model for the Penetration Depth of Solar Environment Dynamics, Second Institute of Oceanography, State Oceanic Administration, Hangzhou, Zhejiang

Chen, .Dake

139

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ANTENNAS AND PROPAGATION, VOL. 52, NO. 2, FEBRUARY 2004 555 Development and Analysis of a Folded Shorted-Patch  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Analysis of a Folded Shorted-Patch Antenna With Reduced Size RongLin Li, Senior Member, IEEE, Gerald De Abstract--The length of a wall-shorted rectangular patch antenna can be reduced from 0 4 to 0 8 by a simple folding operation, which results in a stacked shorted-patch (S-P) structure with a resonant frequency

Tentzeris, Manos

140

Two Single-Nucleotide Polymorphisms with Linkage Disequilibrium in the Human Programmed Cell Death 5 Gene 5? Regulatory Region Affect Promoter Activity and the Susceptibility of Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia in Chinese Population  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Myelogenous Leukemia in Chinese Population Xi Ma 1 Guorui Ruan 4 Ying Wang 2 Qiyan Li 3 Ping Zhu 5 Ya-Zhen Qin 4 Jin-Lan Li 4 Yan-Rong Liu 4 Dalong Ma 1...Genet 1999;8:1443-9. 13 Zhang J, Jin X, Fang S, et al. The functional SNP...

Xi Ma; Guorui Ruan; Ying Wang; Qiyan Li; Ping Zhu; Ya-Zhen Qin; Jin-Lan Li; Yan-Rong Liu; Dalong Ma; and Hongshan Zhao

2005-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rong ban kst" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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141

Late Ordovician brachiopod communities of southeast China  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...studies (Wang and Jin 1964; Rong and Han...Platform; B, Zhe-Xi Slope; C, Zhe-Wan...part of the Zhe-Xi Slope (loc. 10...their communities (Jin and Zhan 2001). The Ordovician...534. a Wang Yu, Jin Yu-gan . 1964. Brachiopods...Yi-ting, Zhou Xiao-ping, Shi Gui-jun...

Ren-bin Zhan; Jia-yu Rong; Jisuo Jin; L.R.M. Cocks

142

INTERESTING PAPERS IN OTHER JOURNALS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Li, Dunyi Liu, Min Sun, Wu-Xian Li, Xi-Rong Liang, and Ying Liu 225 GEOLOGICAL...calcite-Wenbo Li, Zhilong Huang, Yinxi Wang, Jin Chen, Runsheng Han, Cheng Xu, Tao Guan...K-metasomatism-Xing-Wang Xu, Xin-Ping Cai, Bao-Lin Zhang, and Jie Wang 307...

143

Acknowledgment of Reviewers, 2011  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Qingfang He Sheng He Sheng Yang He Xi He Yiping He Zhigang He Ian...Ru-Rong Ji Hui Jiang Jiming Jiang Jin Jiang KaiLi Jiang Ning Jiang...Zhang Hua Zhang Jianzhi Zhang Jin Zhang Jun Zhang Kang Zhang Li...Xuewu Zhang Yanping Zhang Ya-Ping Zhang Yi Zhang Yi-Cheng Zhang...

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Acknowledgment of Reviewers, 2009  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Wang Jia-huai Wang Jin Wang Jing Wang Ji-Yang...Wang Peng George Wang Ping Wang Rizhi Wang Wei...Changchun Xiao Rui-Ping Xiao Shuhai Xiao Xiaoliang...Jianping Xu Jinbo Xu Jin-Rong Xu Lan Xu Shizhong...Zhang Jianzhi Zhang Jin Zhang Kun Zhang Mingjie...Long Zheng Luo Zhe-Xi Boris Zhivotovsky...

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Acknowledgment of Reviewers, 2013  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Fangliang He Hai-tao He Ping He Sheng He Sheng Yang He Xi He Xiaolin He You-Wen...Wang Jialiang Wang Jin Wang Jing Wang Ji-Ping Wang Jun Wang Kang...Joao Xavier Zhiyong Xi Yu Xia Changchun Xiao...Haoxing Xu Jinbo Xu Jin-Rong Xu Lei Xu Mingjiang...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

System-level, Unified In-band and Out-of-band Dynamic Thermal Control  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and improve the reliability of systems. Our thermal control framework unifies temperature control mechanisms supply, etc.) to operate less efficiently. Third, high temperatures can trigger thermal emergenciesSystem-level, Unified In-band and Out-of-band Dynamic Thermal Control Dong Li* , Rong Ge** , Kirk

147

Technische Universitt Berlin Telefax: +49 (0) 30 314-21133; E-Mail: uwe.schaefer@iee.tu-berlin.de  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the electrical propulsion system for the solar aircraft Betreuer: Rong Dong Raum EM 259 dongrong09@mailbox for the electric propulsion system of the solar aircraft in this project. Brushless DC machine uses the e le ct ro altitude, the electrical propulsion system can't work normally if the hardware of Hall sensors is broken

Wichmann, Felix

148

State Restrictions on Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether (released in AEO2006)  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

By the end of 2005, 25 states had barred, or passed laws banning, any more than trace levels of methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) in their gasoline supplies, and legislation to ban MTBE was pending in 4 others. Some state laws address only MTBE; others also address ethers such as ethyl tertiary butyl ether (ETBE) and tertiary amyl methyl ether (TAME). Annual Energy Outlook 2006 assumes that all state MTBE bans prohibit the use of all ethers for gasoline blending.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

U.S. cuts UNESCO funding after Palestinian membership vote  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

resources." Ban said he had no further comment, although he noted "the urgency of a negotiated solution;Yes: Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Argentina, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Bangladesh

150

IIIIIN  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Department of Energy. When President Kennedy and Chairman Khrushchev signed the Limited Test Ban Treaty (LTBT), one of the conditions was that each party to the treaty could...

151

E-Print Network 3.0 - accident proneness prospect Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Centre de mathmatiques Collection: Mathematics 11 Did California's hand-held cell phone ban reduce Nicholas E. Burger Summary: , the type of driver who may be...

152

Chair, CTBT working group B Radionuclide Expert Group and the...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

in the Office of Nonproliferation Policy at DOENNSA where he served as a scientific advisor on the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty and related Nuclear Testing Limitations...

153

SciTech Connect: Proceedings of the 2010 Monitoring Research...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Laboratory (AFRL), US Army Space and Missile Defense Command, National Science Foundation (NSF), Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO), and other invited...

154

Electric Bike Use in China and Their Impacts on the Environment, Safety, Mobility and Accessibility  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

benefits! and! costs! of! electric! bikes! are! relative!would! otherwise! use! if! electric! bikes! were! banned. !That! is,! if! an! electric! bike! user! would! otherwise!

Cherry, Christopher

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Joseph Lipman Vita - Department of Mathematics, Purdue University  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chunsheng Ban Pramathanath Sastry Weiming Huang Kyungho Oh I-Chiau Huang Tonghang Zhou (with D. Arapura) Suresh Nayak Hung-Jen Chiang-Hsieh

156

Native American Heritage Month Celebration at the DOE Headquarters...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and religions were banned as part of a forced assimilation policy that attacked the political, social, and cultural identities of Native Americans in the United States. Through...

157

MOBIHEALTH : AMBULANT PATIENT MONITORING OVER PUBLIC WIRELESS NETWORKS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) for healthcare and an m-health service platform. The BAN incorporates a set of body-worn devices and handles

Widya, Ing

158

Contacts for the Assistant General Counsel for International...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Treaty (NPT) and Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT); International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); IAEA nuclear safeguards regimes Diana Clark 202-586-3417 JoAnn Williams...

159

SciTech Connect: Proceedings of the 21st Seismic Research Symposium...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

1st Seismic Research Symposium: Technologies for Monitoring The Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Proceedings of the 21st Seismic...

160

SciTech Connect: Proceedings of the 28th Seismic Research Review...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Laboratory (AFRL), US Army Space and Missile Defense Command, Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO), and other invited sponsors. The scientific objectives...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rong ban kst" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

SciTech Connect: Proceedings of the 2010 Monitoring Research...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

and Missile Defense Command, National Science Foundation (NSF), Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO), and other invited sponsors. The scientific objectives...

162

SciTech Connect: Proceedings of the 2009 Monitoring Research...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Research Laboratory (AFRL), US Army Space and Missile Defense Command, Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO), and other invited sponsors. The scientific objectives...

163

SciTech Connect: Proceedings of the 22nd Annual DoD/DOE Seismic...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Symposium: Planning for Verification of and Compliance with the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Proceedings of the 22nd...

164

SciTech Connect: Arms Control and nonproliferation technologies...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

technologies: Technology options and associated measures for monitoring a Comprehensive Test Ban, Second quarter Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Arms Control and...

165

SciTech Connect: Proceedings of the Symposium on the Non-Proliferation...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Symposium on the Non-Proliferation Experiment: Results and Implications for Test Ban Treaties, Rockville, Maryland, April 19-21, 1994 Citation Details In-Document Search Title:...

166

SciTech Connect: Proceedings of the 23rd Seismic Research Symposium...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

(DTRA), Air Force Technical Applications Center (AFTAC), the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO), and other invited sponsors. The scientific objectives...

167

SciTech Connect: Proceedings of the 29th Monitoring Research...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Laboratory (AFRL), US Army Space and Missile Defense Command, Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO), and other invited sponsors. The scientific objectives...

168

SciTech Connect: Proceedings of the 2011 Monitoring Research...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Laboratory (AFRL), US Army Space and Missile Defense Command, Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO), National Science Foundation (NSF), and other invited...

169

Download  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Sep 10, 1975 ... cepts radiant energy and uses it to pro- duce new ... Here we present an alternative derivation of Ban- ..... and particulate organic car- bon were...

2000-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

170

GIS Based Study of Probable Causes of Increase in Cancer Incidences in Iraq After Gulf War 1991.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The use of banned toxic weapons in Iraq during Gulf War 1991 started new debates. The increase in cancer cases was the main focus (more)

Muhammad, Hassan

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Russian Scientist to Join Purdue Research Efforts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

... verification of compliance to nuclear test ban treaties, structure of the earth, ... included efforts to enhance the capability of detecting nuclear explosions (he...

172

supercomputer | EMSL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

J Liu SX Mao J Zhang C Ban CM Wang Capabilities: Spectroscopy and Diffraction NMR and EPR Cell Isolation and Systems Analysis Deposition and Microfabrication Microscopy...

173

A new era of nuclear test verification  

SciTech Connect

The global network of sensors commissioned to monitor compliance with the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty has proven capable of that task and more.

Auer, Matthias; Prior, Mark K.

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

E-Print Network 3.0 - alexandri steindachner pisces Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cueva del... n de una nueva especie de Mollienisia capturada en Ban os del Azufre, Tabasco (Pisces, Poeciliidae... -Balderas, S. (1999). Cyprinodon bobmilleri: new species of...

175

Engineering Bacterial Vectors for Delivery of Genes and Proteins to Antigen-Presenting Cells  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

(74)?Xiang, R.; Lode, H. N.; Chao, T. H.; Ruehlmann, J. M.; Dolman, C. S.; Rodriguez, F.; Whitton, J. L.; Overwijk, W. W.; Restifo, N. P.; Reisfeld, R. A. An autologous oral DNA vaccine protects against murine melanoma. ... Xiang, Rong; Lode, Holger N.; Chao, Ta-Hsiang; Ruehlmann, J. Michael; Dolman, Carrie S.; Rodriguez, Fernando; Whitton, J. Lindsay; Overwijk, Willem W.; Restifo, Nicholas P.; Reisfeld, Ralph A. ...

Saba Parsa; Blaine Pfeifer

2007-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

176

Acknowledgment of Reviewers, 2012  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Wang Jimin Wang Jin Wang Jing Wang Jiou Wang Ji-Ping Wang Jue Wang Kaicun...Kan Wang Lai-Xi Wang Lihong Wang...Changchun Xiao Rui-Ping Xiao Shuhai Xiao...Yi Xiao Shang-Ping Xie Ting Xie Wen...Xu H. Eric Xu Jin-Rong Xu Limei...Wenqing Xu Xiang-Xi Xu Xianing Xu Xiao-Ming...

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

"Maximum recycling of Material and Energy, Minimum of Landfilling"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in "Recycling". "Waste-to-Energy" is now defined as Recycling, when energy efficiency is > 0,65 Prevention Reuse Recycling and Waste-to Energy? #12;6 European Policies on Landfill Ban The EU Landfill Directive The amount Ban decided upon in 2000, in force in 2005. A very strong effect, with a strong increase of Waste-to-Energy

Columbia University

178

Antarctica: World Hunger for Oil Spurs Security Council Review  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...international benchmark. It bans...permits nor bans exploration for oil and minerals...de-veloped for oil and mineral exploration in the Arctic...conservative." His cost esti-mates...Antarctic exploration and exploita-tion...Antarctic oil and mineral...

Deborah Shapley

1974-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

179

July 28, 1990, Galveston Bay, Texas--The Greek Tank Vessel, Shinoussa, collided  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

was extensive. Oil impacted shorelines, birds, emergent marsh, and aquatic resources. The removal finned fish was banned from Galveston Bay and a ban on shellfish and shrimp removal remained in effect for more than, and additional marsh terraces were built on 121 acres of shallow, open-water bottom. A 57-acre site

180

Long-Term Management and Storage of Elemental Mercury  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

In addition to banning the export of elemental mercury from the United States as of January 1, 2013, the Mercury Export Ban Act of 2008 (MEBA) required DOE to establish a facility for the long-term management and storage of elemental mercury.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rong ban kst" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Tropical Timber Market Report Volume 15 Number 3, 1 15  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Freight Index 20 Tropical Timber Price Trends 20 Top Story Clarification on Gabon log ban At a recent meeting with Gabon's Minister for Forests, executives of the country's timber industries were advised Clarification on Gabon log ban 2 Malaysia progresses with VPA 3 Plywood push in India 5 Call for lower import

182

geoffrey iwata phy h190phy h190  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

through 2014 Effectively bans the manufacturing and importing of most current incandescent light bulbsmost current incandescent light bulbs Rationale: 22% of US electricity consumption due to lighting Wikipedia.org #12;What are the Light Bulb Wars Should incandescent bulbs be banned from production? ? #12

Budker, Dmitry

183

Putting the Genie Back in the Bottle: The Science of Nuclear Non-Proliferation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Putting the Genie Back in the Bottle: The Science of Nuclear Non-Proliferation Jerry Gilfoyle Physics Department, University of Richmond, Virginia Outline: 1. Some Bits of History. 2. Nuclear Weapons 101. 3. The Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty. 4. Testing The Test Ban Treaty. 5. Why should you care

Gilfoyle, Jerry

184

Symmetry-breaking mechanism for the Z4 general-covariant evolution system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The general-covariant Z4 formalism is further analyzed. The gauge conditions are generalized with a view to numerical relativity applications and the conditions for obtaining strongly hyperbolic evolution systems are given both at the first and the second order levels. A symmetry-breaking mechanism is proposed that allows one, when applied in a partial way, to recover previously proposed strongly hyperbolic formalisms, like the BSSN and the Bona-Mass formulas. When applied in its full form, the symmetry-breaking mechanism allows one to recover the full five-parameter family of first order KST systems. Numerical codes based in the proposed formalisms are tested. A robust stability test is provided by evolving random noise data around Minkowski space-time. A strong field test is provided by the collapse of a periodic background of plane gravitational waves, as described by the Gowdy metric.

C. Bona; T. Ledvinka; C. Palenzuela; M. ?ek

2004-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

185

Microsoft Word - BingQuestionOne1004.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Supply Impacts of an MTBE Ban Supply Impacts of an MTBE Ban September 2002 ii Energy Information Administration/Supply Impacts of An MTBE Ban Contacts This report was prepared by the Office of Oil and Gas of the Energy Information Administration. General questions concerning the report may be directed to Mary J. Hutzler (202/586-2222, mhutzler@eia.doe.gov), Director, Office of Integrated Analysis and Forecasting, or Joanne Shore (202/586-4677, joanne.shore@eia.doe.gov), Team Leader, Petroleum Division. 1 Energy Information Administration/Supply Impacts of An MTBE Ban Supply Impacts of an MTBE Ban On June 17, 2002, Senator Jeff Bingaman, Chairman of the Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, requested (Appendix A) that the Energy Information Administration (EIA) provide analysis of eight factors related to the Senate-passed fuels

186

Nuclear weapons testing  

SciTech Connect

The author examines the history of efforts to ban, or at least constrain, nuclear tests. The issue has been marked by shifts in attitude by the superpowers in recent times. The Reagan Administration sees a comprehensive test ban only as a very long-term goal for the U.S. The Soviets, on the other hand, have been pushing extremely hard lately for a ban on all testing. The author discusses the pros and cons of such a ban by examining the arguments of the U.S. Department of Energy, Nobel Laureate Glenn T. Seaborg, and Associate Director for Defense Systems at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory George H. Miller. Other issues that are discussed include verification, joint testing, and reliability. He concludes with a discussion of the future of the ban.

Heylin, M.

1988-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

187

Publications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8 results: 8 results: BibTex RIS RTF XML Sort by: Author Title Type [ Year (Desc) ] Filters: Author is George Ban-Weiss [Clear All Filters] 2013 Ly, Peter, George Ban-Weiss, Nathan Finch, Craig Wray, Mark de Ogburn, William W. Delp, Hashem Akbari, Scott Smaby, Ronnen Levinson, and Bret Gean. Building integrated photovoltaic (BIPV) roofs for sustainability and energy efficiency. Naval Facilities Engineering Command - Engineering and Expeditionary Warfare Center, 2013. Ban-Weiss, George, Craig P. Wray, William W. Delp, Peter Ly, Hashem Akbari, and Ronnen M. Levinson. "Electricity production and cooling energy savings from installation of a building-integrated photovoltaic roof on an office building." Energy and Buildings 56 (2013): 210-220. 2011 Sleiman, Mohamad, George Ban-Weiss, Haley E. Gilbert, David François, Paul

188

Long-Term Management and Storage of Elemental Mercury | Department...  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Mercury Export Ban Act of 2008 (MEBA) (Public Law No. 110-414) requires the Department of Energy (DOE) to establish a facility for the long-term management and storage of elemental...

189

The Carmen-Suite: Maya Plisetskaya Challenging Soviet Culture and Policy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On April 20 1967, the Carmen-Suite ballet, starring Maya Plisetskaya in the leading role, premiered in Moscows Bolshoi Ballet Theatre. The production was immediately banned by the Soviet Ministry of Culture for perceived violations of classical...

Kalashnikova, Anna

2014-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

190

The Linkage Between Non-Proliferation, Deterrence Policy, Nuclear Testing and the Arms Race  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A major focal point for strengthening the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), which is the central legal and political basis of the non-proliferation regime has been negotiation of a comprehensive test ban (CTB). ...

Lawrence Scheinman

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Supplement 22, Part 5, Parasite-Subject Catalogue, Parasites: Arthropoda and Miscellaneous Phyla  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(64) , 37-67 Rattus rattus: Lelydorp, Surinam Rattus rattus frugivorus: Brokubaka, Surinam Afrolistrophorus mediolineatus sp. n. Fain, ?., 1976, Acta Zool. et Path. Antverpi- ensia (64), 37-67 bandicoot rat: Ban Thenon, 18 Km NW Kieng- Kwang...

Zidar, Judith A.; Shaw, Judith H.; Hanfman, Deborah T.; Kirby, Margie D.; Rayburn, Jane D.; Edwards, Shirley J.; Hood, Martha W.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

The feasibility of ethanol production in Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Agricultural interests across Texas are looking at the possibility of an ethanol industry in Texas. Continued conflict in the Middle East, the ban of methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) in California, and low commodity prices have all lead...

Herbst, Brian Keith

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

193

Livermore scientist, engineers train to be inspectors for test...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO). Training has been held in Austria, Jordan, South Korea and Hungary. Of the five U.S. surrogate inspectors selected for the...

194

July 2013 | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO). Training has been held in Austria, Jordan, South Korea and Hungary. Of the five U.S. surrogate inspectors selected for the...

195

50 Years of Space  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

energy to propel an aircraft or rocket. First nuclear reactor-rocket x x 1963 GAMMA-RAY BURSTS Designed and built to warn of banned nuclear tests, our Vela satellite...

196

Life cycle analysis of waste management options for EBI in Quebec  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quebec has issued a mandate requiring all waste management facilities to ban the landfilling of organic waste by 2020. EBI is considering Anaerobic Digestion as one of its alternative options, but is uncertain if it is the ...

Wilson, Jaclyn D

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Cross-functional environmental initiatives : addressing Restriction of Hazardous Substance (RoHS) technical challenges at Sun Microsystems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The European Union (EU) passed the Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS) Directive, effective January 2006, banning the sale of electronics equipment containing lead and five other hazardous substances into EU countries. ...

Greenlaw, Tamara

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Electrical and Mechanical Properties of Graphene  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in carbon nanotube Josephson Junctions, Phys. Rev. Lett. ,45 Fig. 3-1 (a) Schematic diagram of Josephson junction. (b)An SEM image of a xviii graphene Josephson junction

Bao, Wenzhong

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

High-Rate, High-Capacity Binder-Free Electrode  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

PCT: 09-41 Binderfree electrode 4 Why it is better than other technologies Carbon Nanotubes Composite Materials C. Ban, Z. Wu, LChen, Y. Yan and A.C. Dillon Adv. Mat., 2010...

200

Ten Years of Development of Equipment for Measurement of Atmospheric Radioactive Xenon for the Verification of the CTBT  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Atmospheric measurement of radioactive xenon isotopes (radioxenon) plays ... is one of the key components of the verification regime of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban ... method is largely based on a well-dev...

Matthias Auer; Timo Kumberg; Hartmut Sartorius

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rong ban kst" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

BSG policy memo Page 1 Killer robots  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BSG policy memo Page 1 Killer robots: Regulate, don't ban Executive summary Lethal Autonomous direction for LAWS is clearly needed. While there is widespread opposition to LAWS--or `killer robots

Wallace, Mark

202

3-D Earth model more accurately pinpoints explosions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3-D Earth model more accurately pinpoints explosions The purpose of this model is to assist the U.S. Air Force and the international Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty...

203

Overview of energy consumption and GHG mitigation technologies in the building sector of Japan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper, which is based on the report by Murakami et al. (2006) In May 2007, the Fourth Assessment Report (AR4) of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)/WG3 was approved in Ban...

Shuzo Murakami; Mark D. Levine; Hiroshi Yoshino; Takashi Inoue

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Structural health monitoring using piezoelectric impedance measurements  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...overview and recent advances in impedance-based...Therefore, in recent studies, statistical...partially by National Science Foundation and...transducers. ASCE J. Aerospace Eng. 17, 2004b...an overview and recent advances in impedance-based...

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Converting Centrifugal Chillers to HCFC-123  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper describes the effect that the issue of ozone depletion has on the owners and operators of large commercial water chillers that currently use chlorofluorocarbons (CFC's) for refrigeration. The production ban of CFC's mandated...

Siebert, B.

206

Polychlorinated biphenyls in the exterior caulk of San Francisco Bay Area buildings, California, USA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(plasticizer in chlorinated plastics, rubber, sealants and caulk) (Erickson and Kaley, 2011). The production. Despite the ban on production and new use of PCBs in the United States in 1979, a number of fish

207

Evaluating electronic waste recycling systems : the influence of physical architecture on system performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Many different forms of electronic waste recycling systems now exist worldwide, and the amount of related legislation continues to increase. Numerous approaches have been proposed including landfill bans, extended producer ...

Fredholm, Susan (Susan A.)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Curbing the Antiquities Trade  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...1981 Customs officials at Dulles International Airport detained David Bernstein...public policy with regard to international traffic in plundered antiquities...signatories to mount a "concerted international effort" to ban trade in...

CONSTANCE HOLDEN

1982-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

209

Use of open source information and commercial satellite imagery for nuclear nonproliferation regime compliance verification by a community of academics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. In this study, the availability and use of commercial satellite imagery systems, commercial computer codes for satellite imagery analysis, Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT)verification International Monitoring System (IMS), publicly available information...

Solodov, Alexander

2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

210

Conference on oceans draws Clinton  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Against the tranquil backdrop of Monterey Bay, Calif., President Bill Clinton earlier this month signed a measure extending the U.S. ban on offshore oil drilling, and he proposed several sweeping initiatives to protect, restore, and explore the oceans....

ELIZABETH WILSON

1998-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

211

An improved UK local magnitude scale from analysis of shear and Lg-wave amplitudes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......the Comprehensive Test-Ban Treaty Organization...due to path and site effects associated...in studies of Nevada and Semipalatinsk...Yield estimates of Nevada test site explosions obtained...the Shagan River test site, Geophys. J......

David C. Booth

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Geologic constraints on clandestine nuclear testing in South Asia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...confidence in the monitoring of the test ban...central to any monitoring effort directed toward preventing surreptitious testing. We explore...would make the surreptitious disposal of so...area, requires monitoring for potential covert testing...

Dan M. Davis; Lynn R. Sykes

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

SSA 2010 Annual Meeting Announcement Seismological Society of America  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...g., nuclear power plants); The use of ground...Monitoring for Nuclear Explosions Seismology...the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty...the monitoring of nuclear explosions has included...pandemic disease or terrorism, prudent risk management...

214

SSA 2010 Annual Meeting Announcement Seismological Society of America  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...nuclear power plants); The use...particular, assessments of seismic...Monitoring for Nuclear Explosions...Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban...monitoring of nuclear explosions...physics; assessments of capability...more modest risk mitigation...disease or terrorism, prudent...

215

Industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

combined heat and power and coke ovens, and waste managementto ban the use of small-scale coke-producing facilities forcasting, Scrap preheating, Dry coke quenching Inert anodes,

Bernstein, Lenny

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Location of microseismic swarms induced by salt solution mining  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......understanding of the mechanisms governing such a geohazard and to test the potential of geophysical methods to prevent them, the development...source seismology|Earthquake dynamics|Seismic monitoring and test-ban treaty verification|Earthquake interaction, forecasting......

J. Kinscher; P. Bernard; I. Contrucci; A. Mangeney; J.P. Piguet; P. Bigarre

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

TOBACCO AND TRANSITION: UNDERSTANDING THE IMPACT OF TRANSITION ON TOBACCO USE AND CONTROL IN THE FORMER SOVIET UNION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

warns: smoking is dangerous for your health. will not handwarns: smoking is dangerous for your health. 4. To ban thewarns: smoking is dangerous for your health. 4. The sale of

Anna BC Gilmore

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Development of an Open-Source Smart Energy House for K-12 Education  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

around the world, incandescent lighting are becoming banned, because of the low efficiency. For example, through European commission regulation 244/2009 [4], re- cently all sales of incandescent light became

219

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in a heat pump cooling system, thereby alleviating peak electricity consumption and associated emissions substituting for banned fluorocarbon refrigerants, coping with carbon costing and reducing water consumptionINTERNATIONAL ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT FOUNDATION Computational Fluid Dynamics Modeling

220

Hapa Baby  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

up to him. They both said hello and stood there. "What havefront of the TV, littered with Ban chan. "Annie-ya? Hello?Hello?" "Yes. I didn t hang up." "At least say Happy New

Kowach, Melody Anne

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rong ban kst" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Foresty offsets in emissions trading systems: a link between systems?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An important aspect in the linking of different emissions trading schemes is the degree to which these ... ban) external offset project categories. The EU Emission Trading Scheme (EU ETS) currently allows the ......

C. Streck; A. Tuerk; B. Schlamadinger

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Implementation Science in Cancer Prevention and Control: A Framework for Research and Programs in Low- and Middle-Income Countries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...including indoor and outdoor air pollution, both serious problems in some...including controlling outdoor air pollution, banning asbestos, and imposition...carcinogens (37). For ambient air pollution alone, the Global Burden of Disease...

Sudha Sivaram; Michael A. Sanchez; Barbara K. Rimer; Jonathan M. Samet; and Russell E. Glasgow

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

What is obesity and what is its impact? 23 How is weight controlled? Is obesity `in our genes'? 45  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and parents? Or should governments intervene, slapping on `fat taxes' or banning fast food advertisements indicated, are from the Wellcome Trust's Medical Photographic Library. The Wellcome Trust is an independent

Rambaut, Andrew

224

Safety Evaluation for a Biodiesel Process Using Prion-Contaminated Animal Fat as a Source (6 pp)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Due to the bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), specified risk material (SRM) as well as animal meat and bone meal (MBM) are banned from the food and feed chain because of a possible infection with pathoge...

Bjrn Seidel; Martin Alm; Rainer Peters

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Bulletin of Tibetology: Volume 33 Number 2 Number 2 : Full issue  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

pa from Bhotadesa who are usually named Bhotia or Bhutia entered by the 16th century in the Tista and the Rangit Valleys in search of better livelihood. Prior to them, the Lepcha of different ethnic group had entered from the eastern part... which happens to be commonly spoken language in Sikkim, is a broken speech with its lien to Sanskrit and Magadhi Prakrit. 3. An regards the relation between the Rong ILepcha) Language and Sanskrit a close study is required. With this context a few...

Namgyal Institute of Tibetology

226

U.N. Secretary General tells NREL Clean Energy a Top Priority | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

U.N. Secretary General tells NREL Clean Energy a Top Priority U.N. Secretary General tells NREL Clean Energy a Top Priority Home > Groups > OpenEI Community Central Graham7781's picture Submitted by Graham7781(1992) Super contributor 31 August, 2011 - 14:01 imported OpenEI National Renewable Energy Laboratory (Golden, ... In a recent visit to the National Renewable Energy Laboratory in Golden, Colorado, the United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon affirmed that the growing clean energy to reach billions of people across the globe is the top priority. Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon told researchers at NREL's Research Support Facility that NREL is playing a crucial role, through numerous U.N. partnerships, in making the world more sustainable. Ban believes that there is still much more growth needed to create a clean energy economy that will

227

Seismic verification of underground explosions  

SciTech Connect

The first nuclear test agreement, the test moratorium, was made in 1958 and lasted until the Soviet Union unilaterally resumed testing in the atmosphere in 1961. It was followed by the Limited Test Ban Treaty of 1963, which prohibited nuclear tests in the atmosphere, in outer space, and underwater. In 1974 the Threshold Test Ban Treaty (TTBT) was signed, limiting underground tests after March 1976 to a maximum yield of 250 kt. The TTBT was followed by a treaty limiting peaceful nuclear explosions and both the United States and the Soviet Union claim to be abiding by the 150-kt yield limit. A comprehensive test ban treaty (CTBT), prohibiting all testing of nuclear weapons, has also been discussed. However, a verifiable CTBT is a contradiction in terms. No monitoring technology can offer absolute assurance that very-low-yield illicit explosions have not occurred. The verification process, evasion opportunities, and cavity decoupling are discussed in this paper.

Glenn, L.A.

1985-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Low Dose Radiation Research Program: Adaptive Response of Mouse Skin  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Adaptive Response of Mouse Skin Epithelial Cells to Low Dose Adaptive Response of Mouse Skin Epithelial Cells to Low Dose Ionizing Radiation: Induction of NF-κB, MnSOD, 14-3-3ζ and Cyclin B1 Authors: Jian Jian Li, Kazi M. Ahmed, Ming Fan, Shaozhong Dong, Douglas R. Spitz, and Cheng-Rong Yu Institutions: Division of Molecular Radiobiology, Purdue University School of Health Sciences, West Lafayette, Indiana; Free Radical and Radiation Biology Program, Department of Radiation Oncology, Holden Comprehensive Cancer Center, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa; Molecular Immunology Section, Laboratory of Immunology, National Eye Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland Gene expression profiles demonstrate that a group of key stress-responsive genes are associated with radiation exposure and may contribute to cellular

229

Características do Clima Amazônico: Aspectos Principais Carlos A. Nobre, Guillermo O. Obregón e José A. Marengo  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

49 a 162. 49 a 162. Características do Clima Amazônico: Aspectos Principais Carlos A. Nobre, Guillermo O. Obregón e José A. Marengo Centro de Ciências do Sistema Terrestre, Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais, Cachoeira Paulista, Brasil Rong Fu Jackson School of Geosciences, University of Texas em Austin Austin, Texas, EUA. German Poveda Escuela de Geociencias Y Medio Ambiente, Universidade Nacional de Colombia, Medellin, Colômbia Este capítulo apresenta um resumo do conhecimento atual sobre as características climatológicas da Amazônia. Incertezas significativas permanecem quanto ao entendimento da dinâmica complexa do clima e variabilidade climática na região, as quais se devem, em parte, à falta de dados observacionais. A forte sazonalidade da precipitação e a transição relativamente

230

Threats to the Reef  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... largely affects inner and southern reefs but now reaches out to a most northern and offshore base at Lizard Island, a high rocky island within sight of the outermost ribbon ... controls. Early last year, with the scene set for the operation of the oil-rig Navigator, the trade unions took action by threatening a ban on all goods and ...

C. M. YONGE

1971-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

231

Seven days: 1521 October 2010  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... Offshore drilling The Obama administration has lifted its temporary ban on deep-water exploratory oil and ... oil and gas drilling, which was imposed after the explosion of the Deepwater Horizon oil rig in the Gulf of Mexico. Announcing the decision on 12 October, it said that ...

2010-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

232

Sbartai, A.; Namour, P.; Errachid, A.; Krejci, J.; Sejnohov, R.; Renaud, L.; Larbi Hamlaoui, M.;1 Loir, A.-S.; Garrelie, F.; Donnet, C.; Soder, H.; Audouard, E.; Granier, J.; Jaffrezic-Renault N., (2012)2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

toxic compounds must be banned, such as "heavy16 metals", in particular mercury impregnation or films (DPASV) determinations, at the nanomolar level, of the four heavy metal ions of the European5 Water. It was shown that the four heavy metals could be detected simultaneously in the10 concentration ratio usually

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

233

THE EFFECT OF DOMESTIC WORK ON GIRLS' SCHOOLING: EVIDENCE FROM EGYPT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 THE EFFECT OF DOMESTIC WORK ON GIRLS' SCHOOLING: EVIDENCE FROM EGYPT Ragui Assaad, Deborah Levison, and Nadia Zibani forthcoming in Feminist Economics (2010) ABSTRACT In Egypt, girls' work to ban labor force work of children will have practically no effect on girls' education in Egypt, while

Levinson, David M.

234

Two Deaths Attributed to the Use of 2,4-Dinitrophenol  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......information available on the internet suggeststhat, although banned...it can be purchased on the internet under such names as Sulfo black...consumption. We also reviewed an internet journal of an indi- vidual...negative. Common drugs of abuse were screened by enzyme multiplied......

Estuardo J. Miranda; Iain M. McIntyre; Dawn R. Parker; Ray D. Gary; Barry K. Logan

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Nuclear Freeze Candidates Claim Mandate  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...to their narrow wins. Environmentalists also assert that in Vermont and Maine, where acid rain has become a matter of concern...by a 55 to 45 percent vote a proposal to shut down the Maine Yankee plant in Wiscasset and ban construction of nuclear plants in...

JOHN WALSH

1982-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

236

Kennedy, GAO Criticize NSF; Grant Renewal Is Rejected  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...peer re-view process was that the energy policy office had to respond quickly...of Virginia, reacting to a worsening energy crisis in late January, banned all...bring industry and others within the ambit of SCIENCE, VOL. 195

PHILIP M. BOFFEY

1977-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

237

Vietnam Vet Runs to Raise Money for USCBL Mike Felker served as a medic with the First Marine Division in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

June 2008 Vietnam Vet Runs to Raise Money for USCBL Mike Felker served as a medic with the First money for the U.S. Campaign to Ban Landmines. Participating in the Philadelphia Vietnam Veterans #12;Over 100 students gathered at Zot Restaurant in dowtown Philadelphia to raise money for demining

Plotkin, Joshua B.

238

A Bayesian method with empirically fitted priors for the evaluation of environmental radioactivity: application to  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty. Keywords: a priori knowledge; Bayesian statistics; CTBT; environmental1/22 A Bayesian method with empirically fitted priors for the evaluation of environmental to the effective presence of a radionuclide is still widely made on the basis of a classic hypothesis test. However

239

Gordon Research Conferences  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Comsa, "Thermal helium scattering...moderately large deformations...leader). Non-accelera-tor...Effects of atmospheric oxida-tion...sperm-egg plasma membrane fusion...Bala-ban, "Large-scale protein...Space Plasma Physics Proctor...Dynamical non-equilibrium...magneti-cally confined plasmas"; M. Rush-bridge...

Alexander M. Cruickshank

1985-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

JOURNAL DE PHYSIQUE IV C2-633 Colloque C2, suppl. au Journal de Physique 11, Vol. 1, septembre 1991  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, by Ti metal. Under optimized deposition conditions, a very hard titanium carbide with a polynucleatedBans cedex 2, France Abstract : Titanium carbide and nitride coatings can be deposited at a moderate carbide substrate.The process was therefore optimized from a morphological, structural,and solid

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rong ban kst" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Tyndall Briefing Note No. 35 Tyndall Briefing Note No. 35 April 2009  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, especially in parts of Sub-Saharan Africa and South East Asia. Primarily this is a problem of distribution to human-induced climate change), the use of food crops for biofuels, higher energy prices, export bans, an equitable trade regime, as well as widespread recognition and action on climate change. We also need

Watson, Andrew

242

GREEN:  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......they can result in significant cost savings from more energy efficient...smaller transistors at lower costs with each and every passing...banned in the EU except for medical use, alarm systems, emergency lighting and portable power tools. NiZn......

Green Impact of Hardware

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Book Reviews  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Columbus there were more than 2000 separate languages spoken in...1889, on the occasion of the meeting of the German Anatomical Society...that will be distributed to the public for use indoors. A. J. Haagen-Smit...Aschman foresees that by the year 2000 the ur-ban areas of the United...

1967-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

244

Imaging of the atmosphere with infrasound Lslo G. Eversa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

as a monitoring technique for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT). Currently, a world-wide network of 60 infrasound arrays is being installed to monitor the atmosphere for nuclear tests as part. Furthermore, the accuracy of location procedures can be assessed. a Email address: evers@knmi.nl #12;A dataset

Evers, Läslo G.

245

Landfills a thing of the past in Germany where advanced waste management By Evridiki Bersi -Kathimerini  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Landfills a thing of the past in Germany where advanced waste management rules By Evridiki Bersi but that day has already come in Germany. On June 1, 2005, Germany imposed a ban on traditional garbage dumps, replacing them with one of the most advanced waste-management systems in the world. In the 1970s, Germany

Columbia University

246

CCPPolicyBriefing Resale Price  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CCPPolicyBriefing Sept 2010 Resale Price Maintenance W: www.uea.ac.uk/ccp T: +44 (0)1603 593715 A: UEA, Norwich, NR4 7TJ Resale Price Maintenance and Restrictions on Dominant Firm and Industry-Wide Adoption BACKGROUND In June 2007, the nearly 100-year-old ban on retail price maintenance was overturned

Feigon, Brooke

247

Group-based Ad-hoc Network for Multimedia Communications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Group-based Ad-hoc Network for Multimedia Communications \\ Koichiro Ban and Hamid Gharavi National is concerned with evaluating ad-hoc networks for group-oriented tactical operations. For such operations, a cellular-based ad-hoc network architecture has been constructed for real-time multimedia communications

248

Seismological Society of America  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Associated with Engineering Professional...76, Number 2 March/April...20 Mins) Nuclear Explosion...Tectonics and for Nuclear Test Ban Monitoring...76, Number 2 193 Wednesday...Patton, H. Guideline for ANSS Seismic...CISN/ANSS Engineering Frequency-dependent...

249

Securely Sealing Multi-FPGA Systems Tim Guneysu1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

G¨ortz Institute for IT-Security, Ruhr-University Bochum, Germany 2 University of Michigan, 2260-growing supply chains that disentangle chip designers and manufacturers from OEMs. Our work shows how automatically enforces the system configuration detected upon power-up and bans further mod- ifications. 1

Markov, Igor

250

Thermal Decomposition of Dichlorosilane Investigated by Pulsed Laser Powered Homogeneous Pyrolysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of vacuum flash pyrolysis of SiH 2Cl2. Ban and Gilbert6 observed SiCl2 by mass spectrometry under sili- conThermal Decomposition of Dichlorosilane Investigated by Pulsed Laser Powered Homogeneous Pyrolysis powered homogeneous pyrolysis of dichlorosilane are reported. Pyrolyses at temperatures of 1350 to 1700 K

Swihart, Mark T.

251

Green Films Available for Checkout2Week Checkout for Classroom, Mee ng or Home Viewing To borrow films, contact: Joan Chadde (4873341 or jchadde@mtu.edu at 115 MTU Great Lakes Research Center OR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with toxic chemicals, in order to produce cheap food. MTU Frackna on (77 min.) In FrackNa on journalist fracking. McAleer uncovers fracking facts suppressed by environmental ac vists, and he talks with rural Americans whose livelihoods are at risk if fracking is banned. Emo ons run high but the truth runs deep. MTU

252

Luxottica Group is a leader in premium, luxury and sports eyewear with approximately 7,000 optical and sun retail stores in North America, Asia-Pacific, China, South Africa, Latin America and Europe, and a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with approximately 7,000 optical and sun retail stores in North America, Asia-Pacific, China, South Africa, Latin America and Europe, and a strong, well-balanced brand portfolio. Owned brands include Ray-Ban, the world markets, including LensCrafters, Pearle Vision and ILORI in North America, OPSM and Laubman & Pank in Asia

Schettini, Raimondo

253

Transitions to material efficiency in the UK steel economy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...between mass and energy required in use...there will be some distribution of remaining lifespans...in 2001. EAF, electric arc furnace; BOF...needs or changed planning permission so life...ownership, regulation (planning, bans, standards...2000 Material and energy flow through the...

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Head Office: 1 Trumpington Street, Cambridge, CB2 1QA, United Kingdom Telephone: +44 (0)1223 768850  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, cities, defence, employment, energy, investment, fisheries, primary industries, tourism, and transport: HRH The Prince of Wales The need for additional energy supply investments of between $190-900bn per Change summit in New York, hosted by UN Secretary General, Ban Ki Moon, which many of the world

255

Pomp and Unchanged Circumstance: FERC Attempts to Eliminate Federal Rights of First Refusal  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In Order No. 1000, FERC required some electric transmission providers to remove, from their tariffs and agreements, a federal right of first refusal to construct transmission facilities selected in a regional transmission plan for purposes of cost allocation. Given significant exceptions to the ban and compelling legal challenges, FERC's rule may do little to change the competitive landscape.

Steven A. Weiler

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

STAFF SENATE Minutes Smithfield Room at IVTSCC, Thursday, September 15, 2011  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.M. Attending: Susan Archer, Jeff Burr, Sarah Castle, Joseph Goodman, Lori Greiner, Velva Groover, Jennifer-O'Brien, Amy Tunison, Beverly Williams, and Patricia Williams. Excused: Anna Hawthorne, Maxine Lyons, Allison, and portable "bleacher chairs" being banned from Lane Stadium. Patricia Williams, Staff Senate representative

Virginia Tech

257

Jamie Eberl Kari Edwards  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on offshore oil and gas leasing put in place 19 years before by his father Allowing the ban to expire lets oil and transport offshore oil can be devastating to the coast. Canals build across Louisiana wetlands causedJamie Eberl Kari Edwards Madeleine Grimmer #12;·Oil use can be traced back as far as the fourth

Bowen, James D.

258

1 Copyright 2012 by ASME Proceedings of the ASME 2012 Summer Heat Transfer Conference  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to restrict the idling time, e.g., the state of California has already banned trucks from idling over five systems (FCPS); v) solar energy systems (SES); and vi) thermal energy storage systems (TESS, weight (the heavier is the system, the lower is the cargo capacity), emission, and, noise level. Truck

Bahrami, Majid

259

The Earth Institute, Columbia University12 annual donor report 2010 13 at the turn of the century, world leaders  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Earth Institute, Columbia University12 annual donor report 2010 13 at the turn of the century-General Ban Ki-moon at the Earth Institute's State of the Planet Conference in March 2010. "They of humanity are at stake." The Millennium Villages project, a partnership between the Earth Institute

260

1 INTRODUCTION Almost 70% of the Europe's population live in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and streets (Couloignier 1998, Tupin et al. 1996), mapping ur ban demarcation (Weber 1995), mapping urban air pollution (Wald & Baleynaud 1999 ; Basly et al. 1999). Nevertheless the number of studies using SAR data, F. Cauneau, T. Ranchin and L. Wald Groupe Télédétection & Modélisation Ecole des Mines de Paris BP

Boyer, Edmond

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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Motor-Vehicle Industry in Great Britain  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... ACCORDING to an article in Engineering of January 31, new registrations of private cars in Great Britain in the first seven months of 1940 totalled only 30,200 ... month as the result of the ban on sales except by special permit. Exports of private cars from the United Kingdom in 1931 numbered 17,104; in 1937 the figure ...

1941-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

262

Jordan's stem-cell law can guide the Middle East  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

... The new rules ban private companies from using human embryonic stem (ES) cells in research or therapies. Such ... organizations or publicly funded academic institutions in Jordan, which have higher levels of transparency than private firms and are supervised by the health ministry and a specialized committee. The law ...

Rana Dajani

2014-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

263

An Android-based body area network gateway for mobile health applications  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a Body Area Network (BAN) gateway to Android mobile phones for mobile health applications. The proposed approach is based on a Secure Digital Input Output (SDIO) interface, which allows for long-term monitoring since the mobile phone ... Keywords: Android, SDIO, body area networks, mHealth

Marco Altini; Julien Penders; Herman Roebbers

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Protecting the African elephant: A dynamic bioeconomic model of ivory trade  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Protecting the African elephant: A dynamic bioeconomic model of ivory trade G. Cornelis van Kooten Accepted 25 May 2008 Available online 7 July 2008 Keywords: Economics Elephant conservation Ivory trade ban on the protection of the African elephant (Laxadonta africana). The model consists of four ivory exporting regions

265

MTRG/Ascension Management Plan 2002 SECTION 5: THREATS AND RECOMMENDED MANAGEMENT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MTRG/Ascension Management Plan 2002 14 SECTION 5: THREATS AND RECOMMENDED MANAGEMENT and control of pet cats 8) Continuation of ban on harvest of turtle products We give an account of all threats.1 General Habitat Degradation 5.1.1. Mining of Beach Sand 5.1.2. Light Pollution 5.1.3 Threat of Fuel Spill

Exeter, University of

266

Will fracking put too much fizz in your water?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...countries have also banned fracking. Perhaps the biggest fear...the new wave of high-volume fracking typically targets geological...most drinking water wells and aquifersmany communities worry that...with methane or chemicals. Fracking opponents point to widespread...

Erik Stokstad

2014-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

267

PMEL/Vents Ocean Acoustics Bob Dziak, Presenter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and endangered species under MMPA and ESA)species under MMPA and ESA) Ocean explorationOcean exploration Seismic, volcano and tsunami hazard researchSeismic, volcano and tsunami hazard research Ocean ambient noise)Nuclear Test Ban Treaty verification (Dept of Energy) Identification of illegal fishing

268

This is an author-deposited version published in: http://oatao.univ-toulouse.fr/ Eprints ID: 6230  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(Ivory Coast, Africa) results of the construction of the Taabo dam on the Ban- dama River. The changes towns and industries, and leaching from agricultural land). The average concentra- tions of nutrients to interfere with various water uses. In a context of growing health and environmental concerns in Africa

Mailhes, Corinne

269

Fracking: An Industry Under Pressure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

benefit analysis on natural gas fracking, and calculatednatural-gas-drilling-technique/ http://www.theepochtimes.com/n2/images/ stories/large/2012/08/20/figure_2_hori- zontal-fracking-natural gas and oil, both central tenets of the energy indus- try, banning fracking

Melville, Jo

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Session XXX 2009 Organisation RFID to Enhance Environmental Protection & Sustainability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

points. Issues are identified via reports Or, alerted in real-time Issue investigation by inspectors Forests cover 30% of Liberia Previously, up to 20% GDP from forestry Timber was a major contributor to 14For - project timeline 2003 - End of civil war, UN Security Council ban on timber export 2006 - All former

271

Science and Technology in India  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...manufacturers of machine tools in the world; this effort...of the Central Machine Tools Institute in Ban-galore. Hindustan Machine Tools also has one of the largest...power-gen-erating equipment; steam turbines and diesel engines...based track recording systems for monitoring and mainte-nance...

J. S. Rao

1985-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

272

To: Deans, Directors and Department Heads From: Jack K. Colby, Assistant Vice Chancellor for Facilities Operations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in North Carolina landfills. The General Assembly recognizes electronics as recyclable and recovery, please utilize the campus resources below to properly manage all materials banned from landfill disposal purchase at the monthly surplus sale. Non-functional electronics will be recycled. Facilities Operations

273

Housing Requirements and National Resources  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...private household per unit of its...describe the demands for ur-ban...the levels of GDP and growth rates...capital. If real per capita income remains...increases in GDP per capita (possibly reflecting...of competing demands for ener-gy...

T. R. Lakshmanan; Lata Chatterjee; P. Roy

1976-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

274

D A R G A N M . W . F R I E R S O N D E P A R T M E N T O F A T M O S P H E R I C S C I E N C E S  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with global warming is coal power plants ¡ Maybe we should ban these eventually ÷ This is not even close A Y 1 9 : 0 6 / 0 3 / 2 0 1 4 ATM S 111, Global Warming: Understanding the Forecast #12;Managing;Harm from global warming is not the same for everyone Inequi:es result

Frierson, Dargan

275

On the linear relation between mb and Ms for discrimination between explosions and earthquakes  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......1970. Event identification for Test Ban control, Bull. seism. Soc...A. , 1976. P wave spectra of Nevada Test Site events at near and very near distances...A., 1976. P wave spectra of Nevada Test Site events at near and very near distances......

Ali A. Nowroozi

1986-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Variation of regional seismic discriminants with surface topographic roughness in the Western United States  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...test ban treaty, because many regions with no prior nuclear explosions must be monitored. It is much more likely that a surreptitious nuclear event will be detected (i.e., recognized as an outlier event) if the earthquake population has a tightly defined...

Tian-Run Zhang; Thorne Lay; Susan Schwartz; William R. Walter

277

Limits on Nuclear Materials for Arms Reduction: Complexities and Uncerainties  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...there is little risk because the United...would ignore the nuclear materials production...capability ofthe Soviet power reactors and the...Savannah River Plant (SRP) reactors...U.S. would risk its national security...reactors at full power is not attractive...concomitant ban on nuclear tests would perpetuate...

W. G. SUTCLIFFE

1988-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

278

Limits on Nuclear Materials for Arms Reduction: Complexities and Uncerainties  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...is little risk because the...ignore the nuclear materials...ofthe Soviet power reactors...Savannah River Plant (SRP) reactors...S. would risk its national security in this way...reactors at full power is not attractive...concomitant ban on nuclear tests would...

W. G. SUTCLIFFE

1988-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

279

Evolutionary Computing for Detection of Retentive Structures in Coastal Waters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

,robillia,poty,fonlupt}@lil.univ-littoral.fr, Abstract-- The demography of anchovy fishes in the Gulf of Biscay seems to be related to the presence of so- called "retentive" hydrodynamical structures, that keep fish eggs and larvae in a favorable environment be used to decide fishing quotas or bans for the sake of preserving the natural resource. We propose two

Fernandez, Thomas

280

Determination of Paraquat in Vegetables Using HPLCMS-MS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......considered to be one of the most dangerous and controversial herbicides...protect the environment and human health, paraquat has been banned...Occupational and Environmental Health (2005) 11:180-184. 13...R. Paraquat. Unacceptable health risks for users (2011) 3rd......

Tingting Zou; Pingli He; Jingjing Cao; Zhen Li

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rong ban kst" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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281

LRB Steven Shapin: At the Amsterdam http://www.lrb.co.uk/v28/n08/print/shap01_.html 1 of 10 2/4/2008 11:06 AM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

House: A Cultural History by Markman Ellis Buy this book I went to a coffee house this morning. I had books, paintings or whale oil at a candle auction. The clientele was fairly specific, then the outrageous price of the latte did. No one was smoking ­ it's banned ­ and many of the customers were women

Shapin, Steven

282

WOSMIP II- Workshop on Signatures of Medical and Industrial Isotope Production  

SciTech Connect

Medical and industrial fadioisotopes are fundamental tools used in science, medicine and industry with an ever expanding usage in medical practice where their availability is vital. Very sensitive environmental radionuclide monitoring networks have been developed for nuclear-security-related monitoring [particularly Comprehensive Test-Ban-Treaty (CTBT) compliance verification] and are now operational.

Matthews, Murray; Achim, Pascal; Auer, M.; Bell, Randy; Bowyer, Ted W.; Braekers, Damien; Bradley, Ed; Briyatmoko, Budi; Berglund, Helena; Camps, Johan; Carranza, Eduardo C.; Carty, Fitz; DeCaire, Richard; Deconninck, Benoit; DeGeer, Lars E.; Druce, Michael; Friese, Judah I.; Hague, Robert; Hoffman, Ian; Khrustalev, Kirill; Lucas, John C.; Mattassi, G.; Mattila, Aleski; Nava, Elisabetta; Nikkinin, Mika; Papastefanou, Constantin; Piefer, Gregory R.; Quintana, Eduardo; Ross, Ole; Rotty, Michel; Sabzian, Mohammad; Saey, Paul R.; Sameh, A. A.; Safari, M.; Schoppner, Michael; Siebert, Petra; Unger, Klaus K.; Vargas, Albert

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Friday 5 January 2001 earth: Meteors come in with a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the Earth from space could be mistaken for nuclear bomb tests, say seismologists of the Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute. This could present problems for monitoring the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT), which aims to halt the testing of all nuclear weapons. Läslo Evers and Hein Haak detected

Evers, Läslo G.

284

Putting the Genie Back in the Bottle: The Science of Nuclear Non-Proliferation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Some Bits of History. 2. Nuclear Weapons 101. 3. The Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty. 4. Testing The TestPutting the Genie Back in the Bottle: The Science of Nuclear Non-Proliferation Jerry Gilfoyle Physics Department, University of Richmond, Virginia Outline: 1. Some Bits of History. 2. Nuclear Weapons

Gilfoyle, Jerry

285

REGIONAL OBSERVATIONS OF MINING BLASTS BY THE GSETT-3 SEISMIC MONITORING SYSTEM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of testing of any nuclear explosive devices in all environments is the goal of the Comprehensive Test Ban throughout the world. The goal of this system is the detection of any nuclear test. In preparation an international framework under which all nations can agree to stop the testing of nuclear explosions

286

39 Recent highlights Introduction In New York on 24 September 1996 President  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

was the first head of state to sign the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (ctbt) on behalf of the United nuclear test in July 1945, called Trinity, and the subsequent development and testing of nuclear weapons. In this 50-year period over 2000 nuclear tests have been conducted. The signature of the us was followed

Haak, Hein

287

Forecasting with Historical Data or Process Knowledge under Misspecification: A Comparison  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

States' ban on nuclear testing, a nuclear engineer is faced with lack of data, and hence must rely of nuclear stockpiles, or the climate next century, forecasting on all scales has become a crucial part engineer may use historical traffic volume data to predict upcoming flow; a nuclear scientist may use

Steinwart, Ingo

288

Seismological Evidence for a Low-Yield Nuclear Test on 12 May 2010 in North Korea  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

E Seismological Evidence for a Low-Yield Nuclear Test on 12 May 2010 in North Korea by Miao Zhang. INTRODUCTION Three nuclear tests (in 2006, 2009, and 2013) conducted by the Democratic People's Republic.g., the U. S. Geological Survey [USGS] and the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization [CTBTO

Wen, Lianxing

289

141A. Le Pichon et al. (eds.), Infrasound Monitoring for Atmospheric Studies, DOI 10.1007/978-1-4020-9508-5, Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

tool during the early proliferation of nuclear weapon technologies after WWII when nuclear tests were, and nuclear testing generally went underground. Interest in infrasound as a moni- toring tool waned as interest in global seismology increased. In 1996, the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) opened

Vernon, Frank

290

Organic contaminants in sewage sludge (biosolids) and their significance for agricultural recycling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...chemical industry was banned...a direct impact of POPs on...led to a new PNECsoil...possible impacts on soil...and, while emissions of chemicals...Document guidelines. For soil...agreement-risk reduction for nonylphenol...chemical supply industry and downstream...pollutants in German sewage sludges...Huyard 2001 Impact du futur...

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Fisheries Research 78 (2006) 309322 A Poisson and negative binomial regression model of sea turtle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fisheries Research 78 (2006) 309­322 A Poisson and negative binomial regression model of sea turtle February 2005; received in revised form 28 November 2005; accepted 15 December 2005 Abstract Sea turtle measures, including a swordfish harvest ban, have been adopted to protect sea turtles. This study explores

Hawai'i at Manoa, University of

292

5, 47394799, 2005 description  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-range and mesoscale dispersion of air pollutants from point sources, such as after an accident in a nuclear power note: The Lagrangian particle dispersion model FLEXPART version 6.2 A. Stohl1 , C. Forster1 , A. Frank2 Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty Organization, Vienna, Austria Received: 21 April

Boyer, Edmond

293

Optimization of the tunability of barium strontium titanate films via epitaxial stresses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Optimization of the tunability of barium strontium titanate films via epitaxial stresses Z.-G. Ban The tunability of epitaxial barium strontium titanate films is analyzed theoretically using a phenomenological.1063/1.1524310 I. INTRODUCTION Thin films of barium strontium titanate (BaxSr1 xTiO3, BST have long been recognized

Alpay, S. Pamir

294

Giant Marine Reserves Pose Vast Challenges  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...tuna seiner in Micronesia. CREDIT: CHRISTOPHER...6 years, the United States, Australia, and the United Kingdom have created...wander over huge territories. Eye in the...banned. The United Kingdom followed...approach, using a state-of-the-art...

Christopher Pala

2013-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

295

Local Connectivity Tests to Identify Wormholes in Wireless Networks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Local Connectivity Tests to Identify Wormholes in Wireless Networks Xiaomeng Ban Computer Science and removal algorithm based on local connectivity tests. The basic idea is that the neighborhood of a wormhole contains two sets of nodes corresponding to two sides of the wormhole. The distance between these two sets

Gao, Jie

296

Proceedings of the 51st Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics (ACL), Short Papers, Sofia, Bulgaria, August 2013, pp. 816821.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

forum is a relatively new problem. We seek to improve Anand et al.'s (2011) approach to debate stance for a two­sided topic discussed in an online debate forum (e.g., ``Should abortion be banned?''), determine in Fig­ ure 1, where the author is for abortion. Second, while customer reviews are typically written

Ng, Vincent

297

Proceedings of the 51st Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics (ACL), Short Papers, Sofia, Bulgaria, August 2013, pp. 816--821.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

forum is a relatively new problem. We seek to improve Anand et al.'s (2011) approach to debate stance-sided topic discussed in an online debate forum (e.g., "Should abortion be banned?"), determine which in Fig- ure 1, where the author is for abortion. Second, while customer reviews are typically written

Ng, Vincent

298

-News Home Help Chirac defends planned EU arms sales to China to nervous Japan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-News Home Help Chirac defends planned EU arms sales to China to nervous Japan Sun Mar 27,11:33 AM Union ( - ) arms embargo on China, telling a nervous Japan the move would not entail transfers ban, acknowledged that Japan was worried about arms sales to its neighbor and growing rival but said

299

Forensic Seismology and the Comprehensive  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Forensic Seismology and the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty David Bowers and Neil D. Selby discrimination methods, underground explosion source, earthquake source Abstract One application of forensic facing the forensic seismologist is to discriminate between the many thousands of earthquakes

Jellinek, Mark

300

Oxidation of Mercury in Products of Coal Combustion  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Heng Ban Heng Ban Principal Investigator University of Alabama at Birmingham 1150 10th Avenue South Birmingham, AL 35294-4461 205-934-0011 hban@uab.edu Environmental and Water Resources OxidatiOn Of Mercury in PrOducts Of cOal cOMbustiOn Background The 2005 Clean Air Mercury Rule will require significant reductions in mercury emissions from coal-fired power plants. A variety of mercury reduction technologies are under commercial development, but an improved understanding of the fundamental chemical mechanisms that control the transformations and capture of mercury in boilers and pollution control devices is required to achieve necessary performance and cost reduction levels. Oxidized mercury is more easily captured by pollution control devices, such as Selective

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rong ban kst" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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301

Publications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

44 results: 44 results: BibTex RIS RTF XML Sort by: Author Title Type [ Year (Desc) ] Filters: Author is Ronnen M. Levinson [Clear All Filters] 2013 Ban-Weiss, George, Craig P. Wray, William W. Delp, Peter Ly, Hashem Akbari, and Ronnen M. Levinson. "Electricity production and cooling energy savings from installation of a building-integrated photovoltaic roof on an office building." Energy and Buildings 56 (2013): 210-220. 2012 Levinson, Ronnen M.. The Case for Cool Roofs., 2012. 2011 Menon, Surabi, and Ronnen M. Levinson. Cool roofs and global cooling: a response to Jacobson & Ten Hoeve (2011)., 2011. Sleiman, Mohamad, George Ban-Weiss, Haley E. Gilbert, David François, Paul Berdahl, Thomas W. Kirchstetter, Hugo Destaillats, and Ronnen M. Levinson. "Soiling of building envelope surfaces and its effect on solar

302

Browse by Discipline -- E-print Network Subject Pathways: Mathematics --  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Bahrami, Majid (Majid Bahrami) - School of Engineering Science, Simon Fraser University Ball, Michael O. (Michael O. Ball) - Center for Satellite and Hybrid Communication Networks & Decision and Information Technologies Department, University of Maryland at College Park Ban, Xuegang "Jeff" (Xuegang "Jeff" Ban) - Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Barkan, Christopher P.L. (Christopher P.L. Barkan) - Railroad Engineering Program & Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Benoit, Anne (Anne Benoit) - Laboratoire de l'Informatique du Parallélisme, Université Claude Bernard (Lyon I)

303

MEMORANDUM  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

distribution is unlimited; September 2013. distribution is unlimited; September 2013. Other requests shall be referred to NAVFAC EXWC or ESTCP. TECHNICAL REPORT TR-NAVFAC-EXWC-PW-1303 SEPTEMBER 2013 BUILDING INTEGRATED PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) ROOFS FOR SUSTAINABILITY AND ENERGY EFFICIENCY Peter Ly, NAVFAC EXWC George Ban-Weiss, LBNL Nathan Finch, NAVFAC EXWC Craig Wray, LBNL Mark de Ogburn, NAVFAC Atlantic Woody Delp, LBNL Hashem Akbari, LBNL Scott Smaby, NAVFAC EXWC Ronnen Levinson, LBNL Bret Gean, NAVFAC EXWC SEI Group, Inc. 1 BUILDING INTEGRATED PHOTOVOLTAIC (BIPV) ROOFS FOR SUSTAINABILITY AND ENERGY EFFICIENCY Energy and Water ESTCP Number: EW-200813 September 2013 Peter Ly, NAVFAC EXWC George Ban-Weiss, LBNL Nathan Finch, NAVFAC EXWC Craig Wray, LBNL Mark de Ogburn, NAVFAC Atlantic

304

Climate Vision: Presidential Statements  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

at United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon's at United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon's Climate Change Summit United Nations Headquarters New York, New York September 22, 2009 (Read the White House Press page.) PRESIDENT OBAMA: Thank you very much. Good morning. I want to thank the Secretary General for organizing this summit, and all the leaders who are participating. That so many of us are here today is a recognition that the threat from climate change is serious, it is urgent, and it is growing. Our generation's response to this challenge will be judged by history, for if we fail to meet it -- boldly, swiftly, and together -- we risk consigning future generations to an irreversible catastrophe. No nation, however large or small, wealthy or poor, can escape the impact of climate change. Rising sea levels threaten every coastline. More

305

Assessment of Summer RBOB Supply for NY & CT  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Update of Summer Reformulated Gasoline Supply Update of Summer Reformulated Gasoline Supply Assessment for New York and Connecticut May 5, 2004 In October 2003, EIA published a review of the status of the methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) ban transition in New York (NY) and Connecticut (CT) 1 that noted significant uncertainties in gasoline supply for those States for the summer of 2004. To obtain updated information, EIA spoke to major suppliers to the two States over the past several months as the petroleum industry began the switch from winter- to summer-grade gasoline. As discussed on our earlier report, the NY and CT bans on MTBE mainly affect reformulated gasoline (RFG), which in recent years has been provided by domestic refineries on the East Coast (PADD 1) and imports. Our recent findings indicate that

306

Director`s series on proliferation  

SciTech Connect

Two essays are included in this booklet. Their titles are ``The Dynamics of the NPT Extension Decision`` and ``North Korea`s Nuclear Gambit.`` The first paper discusses the conference to be held in 1995 to review the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) which will decide whether the treaty shall continue in force indefinitely, or shall be extended for an additional fixed period or periods. Topics relevant to this discussion are: Arms control issues, the nuclear test ban, the limited test ban treaty, the French nuclear testing moratorium, former Soviet nuclear weapons, Iraq, North Korea, nuclear-weapon-free zones, security, controls on nuclear weapon materials, peaceful uses of nuclear energy, safeguards, politics, and organizational and procedural issues. The second paper examines short, medium, and long term issues entailed in Korea`s nuclear proliferation. Topics considered include: Korean unification, North Korean politics, the nuclear issue as leverage, and the Nuclear Non- Proliferation Treaty.

Bailey, K.C. [ed.

1993-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

307

EIS-0312: Record of Decision for the 2008 Columbia Basin Fish Accord MOA with the Shoshone-Banock Tribes (11/06/08)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

MOA WITH THE SHOSHONE-BANNOCK TRIBES November 6, 2008 i TABLE OF CONTENTS 1.0 INTRODUCTION...................................................................................................... 1 2.0 BACKGROUND ........................................................................................................ 2 2.1 Litigation Leads to Collaborative Remand ....................................................... 2 2.2 Collaboration Leads to Negotiations ................................................................ 2 3.0 MUTUAL COMMITMENTS OF THE SHO-BAN MOA..................................... 4 3.1 Purpose and Principles..................................................................................... 4 3.2 Hydro Commitments.........................................................................................

308

Preliminary report on LLNL mine seismicity deployment at the Twentymile Coal Mine  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the preliminary results of a just completed experiment at the Twentymile Coal Mine, operated by the Cyprus Amax Coal Company near Oak Creek, CO. The purpose of the experiment was to obtain local and regional seismic data from roof caves associated with long-wall mining activities and to use this data to help determine the effectiveness with which these events can be discriminated from underground nuclear explosions under a future Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty.

Walter, W.R.; Hunter, S.L.; Glenn, L.A.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Tribal Values of Taxation Within the Tribalist Economic Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

rd, 2006, various tribal groups signed a declaration seeking "a ban on uranium mining, processing, enrichment, fuel use, and weapons testing and deployment, and nuclear waste dumping on indigenous lands."59 Tribal leaders have discussed... that may occur in the operation of such facilities. An example of economic development contrary to the tribalist economic theory is extraction of uranium and other minerals intended for creation of nuclear energy and other energy development. On Dec. 3...

EagleWoman, Angelique A. (Wambdi A. WasteWin)

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Examinations of redundancy in audio messages and programmed texts as research tools  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) conducted a series of studies of audio diversion signing similar to those conducted in Experiment One, using the Texas Transportation Institute instrumented vehicle rather than programmed texts to evaluate subject performance. Banning's four instrumented... vehicle problems were replicated in four programmed texts and 15 subjects tested. A Chi-squared analysis comparing the number of radio traffic advisory information components retained by subjects using the programmed text with analogous data collected...

Adams, Carol Ann Conway

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

311

Formal analysis of device authentication applications in ubiquitous computing.  

SciTech Connect

Authentication between mobile devices in ad-hoc computing environments is a challenging problem. Without pre-shared knowledge, existing applications rely on additional communication methods, such as out-of-band or location-limited channels for device authentication. However, no formal analysis has been conducted to determine whether out-of-band channels are actually necessary. We answer this question through formal analysis, and use BAN logic to show that device authentication using a single channel is not possible.

Shin, Dongwan (New Mexico Tech, Socorro, NM); Claycomb, William R.

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

A novel fast UCN detector based on the 6Li doped glass scintillators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. 110 (2005)) 6Li doped glass scintillators (LPC Caen) ( G. Ban et al, NIM A 611 (2009)) Gas detector + 10B conversion layer (Heidelberg) based on GEM technology (CASCADE U detector, http://www.n-cascade Natural content of 6Li GS10 Depleted in 6Li GS30 6Li fraction (%) 95 7.5 0.01 6Li density (cm-3) 2.2 x

Titov, Anatoly

313

Alternative treaty monitoring approaches using ultra-low background measurement technology  

SciTech Connect

The International Monitoring System (IMS) of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty includes a network of stations and laboratories for collection and analysis of radioactive aerosols. Alternative approaches to IMS operations are considered as a method of enhancing treaty verification. Ultra-low background (ULB) detection promises the possibility of improvements to IMS minimum detectable activities (MDAs) well below the current approach, requiring MDAp30 mBq/m3 of air for 140Ba, or about 106 fissions per daily sample.

Miley, Harry S.; Aalseth, Craig E.; Bowyer, Ted W.; Fast, James E.; Hayes, James C.; Hoppe, Eric W.; Hossbach, Todd W.; Keillor, Martin E.; Kephart, Jeremy D.; McIntyre, Justin I.; Seifert, Allen

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Condition and Potential for Improvement of High Altitude Rangelands  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by yaks to sharpen their horns and further expansion of the soil serve as resting pits for yaks. Eventually, they become large blotches of open scars on the alpine landscape and set off the soil erosion processes. The above evidences clearly show... purpose. Consequently, the areas around the camps are very fertile and infested with weeds. Shrub Encroachment In the past, shrub invasion has been periodically eliminated through burning. Following the ban of fires in early 1970s, encroachment...

Gyamtsho, Pema

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

JPRS report: Arms control, [February 12, 1991  

SciTech Connect

This report contains translations/transcriptions of articles and/or broadcasts on arms control. Titles include: Foreign Minister Opens Regional Disarmament Workshop; North Korea Heavily Involved in Missile Production; Ministry Spokesman on Soviet Troop Withdrawal; Foreign Minister on Soviet Troops, Baltics; Soviet Role in Iraqi Scud Acquisition Viewed; Churkin on Comprehensive Test Ban, New York Conference; GDR Supported Iraq`s Chemical Weapons Armament; and others.

NONE

1991-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

316

Announced United States nuclear tests, July 1945--December 1990  

SciTech Connect

This document lists chronologically and alphabetically by event name all nuclear tests conducted and announced by the United States from July 1945 to December 1990 with the exception of the GMX experiments. Discussion is included on test dates, test series, test yields, test locations, test types and purposes, test totals for Nevada Test Site (NTS) detection of radioactivity from NTS events, and categorization of NTS nuclear tests. Briefly discussed are agreements between the US and the Soviet Union regarding test banning. (MB)

Not Available

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Roe versus Reality Abortion and Women's Health  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Abortions were a small part of his practice until 1991, when, on the day the Nebraska Parental Notification Law was passed, his house and stables burned down, killing 17 horses, his dog, and his cat. Although the fire had started in seven different locations on his property, it was never declared arson... Drs. Alexi Wright and Ingrid Katz write that abortion supporters fear that Roe may soon be overturned. If that happens, states will have to choose whether to ban or protect abortion.

Wright A.A.; Katz I.T.

2006-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

318

The politics of verification: Limiting the testing of nuclear weapons  

SciTech Connect

From 1982 to 1990, the United States and the Soviet Union renegotiated verification arrangements for two unratified arms control agreements that had nevertheless been observed since 1977: the Threshold Test Ban Treaty and the Peaceful Nuclear Explosions Treaty. The negotiations yielded new verification procedures, changed attitudes regarding Soviet compliance, and established useful precedents for further restrictions on nuclear testing. The negotiations also demonstrated how technical arguments can be misused to promote a particular political agenda-in this case, the continued testing of nuclear weapons. By misrepresenting the uncertainties in US monitoring procedures, and then falsely characterizing these uncertainties as a fatal flaw of seismic verification techniques, opponents of a nuclear test ban clouded the sensitive issue of verification enough to delay progress towards a complete ban on nuclear weapons testing. The primary obstacle to further restrictions on nuclear testing was not the feasibility of adequate verification, but rather the unwillingness of several US administrations to address the real question of whether the United States and other nuclear weapon states should, in the interest of global nuclear nonproliferation, end the development of new nuclear weapons designs that require confirmation by underground nuclear tests. 51 refs., 6 figs.

Vink, G.E. van der (IRIS Consortion on Seismology, Arlington, VA (United States)); Paine, C.E. (Natural Reources Defense Council, Washington, DC (United States))

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Oyster River CHILD STUDY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PICKUP !( !( ALL CAMPUS CONNECTOR ROUTES ARE FREE AND OPEN TO THE PUBLIC University of New Hampshire Information Center Mast Road Durham, New Hampshire (603) 862-2328 JULY 2013 § WEEKEND & WINTER BAN EVENING #12; PRINTING SERVICES ALUMNI CENTER GREGG HALL ??? ??? ??? ??? ??? ? ??? ??? ?????? ??? ??? ?????? ?? ? ??? ???

New Hampshire, University of

320

Ann bay lodyans 16 / Se Bryant Freeman ("Tonton Liben") ki pare ti liv sa a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

pral gen yon kantite pye kdb. N ap gen kdb pase Tonton Elifet." sa a. Li mande Ti Malis: "Kote ou jwenn tout kdb sa yo?" Ti Malis reponn: "Se Tonton Elifet ki ban m 2 Malis mete men nan tet. Li di: "Wouch! Sa ou fe la a, Tonton Bouki?" Malis...? / BWA CHECH! 1) Kisa ki gen kat pat, ki konn manje pay, ki gen yon ke, epi ki kap we menm jan devan kou deye? 2) Kisa yon neg kap fe sou de janm, yon chen kap fe sou twa janm, epi yon f i kap fe le I chita? 3) Yo sevi I manje, li kanpe sou kat pye...

Freeman, Bryant C., ed.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rong ban kst" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Consolidated solutions to rectangular air duct design by graphical methods  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

equation& II, (ay/a )'( ) Q)'(p) ( )'(E) snd then vrite the diswasfons of sech verisb1eJ In order that II be n dimensioniess grouy, the exyoaents of' each of the yriaerp quantities vest edd to sero, i. e? PorJJJOsssctd Por L J 0 ~ -Bn s b - c - g... 4. ~ ~ TABLE 4 DATA FOR PLOTTRQ SCALBS OF BULB Variable Bends of Vsriable Function of Vsriable BanSe Hodulus Length of of Fune- Scale tion F4icstion of Scale Le 0. 01 to I 00 100 to 10~000 0" to 4" to 40" b" to alt I" to Bn 40...

Otts, John Graves

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

322

Field test of the PNNL Automated Radioxenon Sampler/Analyzer (ARSA)  

SciTech Connect

As part of the requirements of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT), the Automated Radioxenon/Sampler Analyzer (ARSA) was designed and engineered by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL). The instrument is to provide near real-time detection and measurement of the radioxenons released into the atmosphere after a nuclear test. Forty-six field tests, designed to determine the performance of the ARSA prototype under simulated field conditions, were conducted at EML from March to December 1997. This final report contains detailed results of the tests with recommendations for improvements in instrument performance.

Lagomarsino, R.J.; Ku, E.; Latner, N.; Sanderson, C.G.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

A relation of measured deflections, pavement performance and soil characteristics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

illaent of the rekuirenenta for tne degree of XLSTEk QF SCIENCE lkay 1967 Ma)or Sub)cata Civil Engineering A. 1KLATICM OP MEASUHEC LEFIECTIOMS ~ PAVEM: MT PEBFOiSIASCE ANC SOIL CHAHACTERISTICS A Thesis b? DANIEL E ~ BAN11A~ JR+ Approved... ~ Besearoh Projeot 8 as material for this theology Grateful acknowledgment is made to Charles J ~ geese, Kssooiate Pro- f'easer of Civil Engineering ~ for his enoouragement and helpful advioe in writing of this thesis. Speoial aoknowledgment is made...

Hanna, Daniel Nelson

1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

GOING FORWARD: A DIACHRONIC ANALYSIS OF THE THESAURUS LINGUAE LATINAE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

passage from Ausonius, for example, offers an exception to Banniers statement that the second and third syllables of anteeo are always contracted in the poets (appendix B, pp. 147, lines 4849: apud poetas semper per synalo- epham legendum est... to representing the non-semantic history of the lemma. In the original anteeo, Ban- nier records from Plautus the orthographic variant antideo and lists six examples (appendix B, p. 147, lines 4748). One may here contrast the scribitur portion of the new...

Corbeill, Anthony P.

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Detection of radioxenon in Darwin, Australia following the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant accident  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A series of 133Xe detections in April 2011 made at the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organisation (CTBTO) International Monitoring System noble gas station in Darwin, Australia, were analysed to determine the most likely source location. Forward and backwards atmospheric transport modelling simulations using FLEXPART were conducted. It was shown that the most likely source location was the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant accident. Other potential sources in the southern hemisphere were analysed, including the Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation (ANSTO) radiopharmaceutical facility, but it was shown that sources originating from these locations were highly unlikely to be the source of the observed 133Xe Darwin detections.

Blake Orr; Michael Schppner; Rick Tinker; Wolfango Plastino

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Measuring Compensation from Credit Reporting Damage: A Comparison of Islamic, Saudi, and American Law in Light of Credit Information Reporting Acts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.2.6. Public Safety ... 26 1.2.7. Payment Behavior Change . 26 1.2.8. Reduction of Loan Losses .. 27 1.2.9. Growth and Mobility of Workforce 27 1.2.10. Enhancement of Domestic and International... or Non-Existence of Facts: Istishab 36 2.1.9. Unrestricted Public Interest: Masalih Al-Mursalah .. 37 2.1.10. Blocking Means that May Result in Evil: Sadd Al Dharai ... 38 2.2. Textual Semantic of Command and Ban . 38 2...

Alhaidary, Mansour

2012-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

327

Ansereg: The Grey Book  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

samekind. Some of our folkdonotpractice ansereg.Someenduretheriteafewtimes,andsetitaside.Ararerfewgaina tasteforit,andtheritualgarbisthemostvisiblesignofthattaste.Theblack and silver were once the livery...Noldor, Thingol, king of the Sindar Elves,banneditspracticefromDoriathwhenwordofitcametohis court.Andsincethattimethecustomsofansereghavedifferedasthe dwellings and languages of our people have. Of the Sindar elves...

Tyellas

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Conception of a Refuse-Derived Fuel (RDF) incineration plant and its environmental benefit  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Since landfill ban was realised in July 2009 in Germany, wastes that have a high and middle calorific value must be incinerated. Fossil fuels like oil and coal for the generation of electricity and/or heat can be substituted, so that approximately 4 million tons of CO2 could be avoided. Waste incineration is a possible partial solution for avoiding worst impacts of climate change. This paper explores the concept of an incineration plant for waste with a reference calorific value of 15,000 kJ/kg. The plant layout, energy usage, opportunities to reduce CO2 emissions and Germany's contribution to climate change are discussed.

Konstantin Haker; Jan Kruger; Kerstin Kuchta

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Biztonsgi API analzis a spi-kalkulussal Buttyn Levente Ta Vinh Thong  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biztonsági API analízis a spi-kalkulussal Buttyán Levente Ta Vinh Thong buttyan@crysys.hu thong@crysys.hu CrySyS Adatbiztonsági Laboratórium BME Híradástechnikai Tanszék Kivonat: Az API szint támadások komoly veszélyt jelentenek a hardver biztonsági modulokra nézve, ezért fontos követelmény az API-ban rejl

Levente, Buttyán

330

MB3a Infrasound Sensor Evaluation.  

SciTech Connect

Sandia National Laboratories has tested and evaluated a new infrasound sensor, the MB3a, manufactured by Seismo Wave. These infrasound sensors measure pressure output by a methodology developed by researchers at the French Alternative Energies and Atomic Energy Commission (CEA) and the technology was recently licensed to Seismo Wave for production and sales. The purpose of the infrasound sensor evaluation was to determine a measured sensitivity, transfer function, power, self-noise, dynamic range, seismic sensitivity, and self- calibration ability. The MB3a infrasound sensors are being evaluated for potential use in the International Monitoring System (IMS) of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban-Treaty Organization (CTBTO).

Merchant, Bion J.; McDowell, Kyle D.

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Ongoing monitoring and verification in Iraq  

SciTech Connect

When Iraq informed the United Nations last November 26 that it would cooperate in implementing the plans to monitor compliance with its obligations not to reacquire weapons banned under the ceasefire agreements following the Gulf War, it signalled an apparent policy reversal after two years of difficulties, deadlocks and limited cooperation. While claiming never to have rejected the plans to implement nationwide monitoring and inspections to prevent the import or manufacture of nuclear, chemical and biological weapons and long-range ballistic missiles, Iraq consistently spoke of the plans in terms of political, if not legal, rejection.

Trevan, T.

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Regulation of E2F-1 gene expression in human breast cancer cells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

until they were banned in 1972 (35). Dioxins are also organochlorines that were found as contaminants in herbicides. Dioxin is the general name given to 210 organic compounds containing carbon, oxygen and hydrogen with one to eight chlorine atoms.... Only 17 of the 210 dioxins are known to be toxic. Dioxins can be created 15 naturally in trace quantities (e.g. volcanoes). They can also be created as unwanted by-products in numerous combustion processes (e.g. forest fires, cigarettes, bonfires...

Ngwenya, Sharon Khethiwe

2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

333

The Black Legend and United States' attitudes in Cuba, 1898-1902  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. w!nism in America. The biases embodied i:! thc Bi a& k Legend, combined !'ith a gro!&ing sense oi national i tl and imper i al& sm, plavcd;& n&aj or ro! c in the written and verbal reports about Cuba and the Cu- bans. However, historical... at opinions in thc Uni 1. eil States. The United States almost from its inception as a sov- ereign nation had an interest in the island of Cuba. Long after the other Latin American countries had gained inde- pendence, Cuba remained in ?hat was termed...

Byrd, Judy Lynn

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

334

US costs of verification and compliance under pending arms treaties  

SciTech Connect

The study examines the costs to the United States of compliance and verification associated with four new arms control treaties and one arms agreement. All five of these major accords are in advanced stages of negotiation or ratification. The five accords are: a Strategic Arms Reductions Talks (START) treaty; a Conventional Forces in Europe (CFE) treaty; a Threshold Test Ban Treaty (TTBT); a Peaceful Nuclear Explosions Treaty (PNET); and a Chemical Weapons Agreement (CWA). The cost estimates in the study are based on information about the status of the accords as of the summer of 1990.

O'Hanlon, M.

1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Ann bay lodyans 12 / Se Bryant Freeman ("Tonton Liben") ki pare ti liv sa a  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a, Bondye fe yon bon ti melanj: li pran bwode ki gen nan pan, di ki gen nan woch, fines ki gen nan ke zwazo, douse ki gen nan siwo myel, mechanste ki gen nan tig, chale ki gen nan dife, fredi ki gen nan lanej. Bondye kontwole yo, sa pa ase.... Yo te viv ansanm pandan kek tan konsa. Men yon jou, msye a al devan Bondye ansanm ak fi a. Li pote I remet Bondye. Li di konsa: "Bondye, m pa kapab viv ak zanmi ou ban mwen an. Li pale san rete, li fatige m twop, menm yon ti poze m pa kab fe. Sa...

Freeman, Bryant C.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Nuclear-fuel-cycle policy and the future of nuclear power. Oversight hearing before the Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations of the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs, House of Representatives, Ninety-Seventh Congress, First Session, October 23, 1981  

SciTech Connect

Edward Teller, Ralph Nader, and a panel from Merrill Lynch, Pierce, Fenner, and Smith were among the 12 witnesses at this hearing on the Reagan administration's decision to eliminate the ban on plutonium reprocessing and its effect on the nuclear industry's future. Subcommittee Chairman Edward J. Markey asked for comments on safety question, recent plant cancellations, contributions that nuclear power can make in relieving oil dependence in the transportation sector, proliferation, and the inconsistency of subsidizing nuclear while imposing a free-market philosophy on solar, coal, and conservation. The testimony if followed by an appendix of additional material submitted for the record. (DCK)

Not Available

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

NETL: Water-Energy Interface - Power Plant Water Management  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Environmentally-Safe Control of Zebra Mussel Fouling - Environmentally-Safe Control of Zebra Mussel Fouling - New York State Education Department Coal-fired power plants within North America need an effective, economical, and non-polluting technique for managing infestations of zebra mussels within their facilities, particularly in cooling water intake systems. Unfortunately, due to a lack of options, many facilities have relied on the use of broad-spectrum, chemical biocides for control of these freshwater, macro-fouling mussels. Biocide treatments, such as continuous chlorination for three weeks, are widely regarded as environmentally unacceptable. Chlorine, for example, can combine with organic compounds in water resulting in the formation of trihalomethanes, dioxins, and other potentially carcinogenic substances. Because of this, there is growing concern within the power generation industry that such broad-spectrum biocides will be banned by individual states and/or the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. This would result in a crisis situation for the electric utility industry. Even if such an outright ban does not occur, the reduction in the use of such biocides is generally viewed by coal-fired and other power generating industries as environmentally prudent and desirable.

338

Publications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

32 results: 32 results: BibTex RIS RTF XML Sort by: Author Title Type [ Year (Desc) ] Filters: Author is Paul Berdahl [Clear All Filters] 2011 Sleiman, Mohamad, George Ban-Weiss, Haley E. Gilbert, David François, Paul Berdahl, Thomas W. Kirchstetter, Hugo Destaillats, and Ronnen M. Levinson. "Soiling of building envelope surfaces and its effect on solar reflectance-Part I: Analysis of roofing product databases." Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells 95 (2011): 3385-3399. 2010 Levinson, Ronnen M., Hashem Akbari, Paul Berdahl, Kurt Wood, Wayne Skilton, and Jerry Petersheim. "A novel technique for the production of cool colored concrete tile and asphalt shingle roofing products." Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells 94, no. 6 (2010): 946-954. Levinson, Ronnen M., Hashem Akbari, and Paul Berdahl. "Measuring solar

339

1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

golden anniversary for space-based golden anniversary for space-based treaty verification October 22, 2013 Los Alamos celebrates 50-year anniversary of launch of first pair of 'Watchmen' LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Oct. 22, 2013-Fifty years ago this month, Los Alamos National Laboratory sensor technology lifted off into space to help verify that world Superpowers were abiding by the newly signed Limited Test Ban Treaty-a pledge by the United States, the former Soviet Union and the United Kingdom to refrain from testing nuclear weapons in the atmosphere, underwater or in space. "For the past 70 years, Los Alamos National Laboratory has serviced the country and provided technical solutions to the some of biggest national security challenges facing the nation," said Terry Wallace, Principal Associate Director for Global Security at Los

340

MRAP MONTICELLO PROJECTS FEDERAL FACILITY AGREEMENT REPORT  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

MRAP MRAP MONTICELLO PROJECTS FEDERAL FACILITY AGREEMENT REPORT May/June 2005 Report Period: May 1 -June 30, 2005 DOE Project Coordinator: Art Kleinrath HIGHLIGHTS DOE constmction, as identified in the Millsite Restoration Plan, was substantially completed on June 3. Seeding of disturbed areas was completed on June 15. MSG DOE completed constmction of the permeable reactive treatment cell and initiated operations in June. The cell is an enhancement to the existing pe1meable reactive ban·ier and was designed to alleviate ground water mounding. MVP Approximately one cubic yard of contaminated material was identified in a City of Monticello excavation near the golf course. This material was transferred to the Temporary Storage Facility located at the DOE Monticello Office.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rong ban kst" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Annual Energy Outlook 2001 - Legislation and Regulations  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Legislation & Regulations Legislation & Regulations Nitrogen Oxide Emission Caps Heavy-Duty Vehicle Emissions and Diesel Fuel Quality Standards FERC Order 2000 Banning or Reducing the Use of MTBE in Gasoline Updates on State Renewable Portfolio Standards and Renewable Energy Mandates Proposed Changes to RFG Oxygen Standard FERC Order 637 Proposed Limits on Benzene in Gasoline Royalty Rules Low-Emission Vehicle Program Tier 2 Vehicle Emissions and Gasoline Sulfur Standards Appliance Efficiency Standards Petroleum Reserves Introduction Because analyses by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) are required to be policy-neutral, the projections in this Annual Energy Outlook 2001 (AEO2001) are based on Federal, State, and local laws and regulations in effect on July 1, 2000. The potential impacts of pending or

342

John W. Shaner, 1993 | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

John W. Shaner, 1993 John W. Shaner, 1993 The Ernest Orlando Lawrence Award Lawrence Award Home Nomination & Selection Guidelines Award Laureates 2000's 1990's 1980's 1970's 1960's Ceremony The Life of Ernest Orlando Lawrence Contact Information The Ernest Orlando Lawrence Award U.S. Department of Energy SC-2/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-9395 E: lawrence.award@science.doe.gov 1990's John W. Shaner, 1993 Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page National Security: For innovative experiments on the basic properties of condensed matter important to weapons physics, for the development of the simulated explosion scaling technique important to verification of the current Threshold Test Ban Treaty and the Peaceful Nuclear Explosion

343

Sidney D. Drell, 2000 | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Sidney D. Drell, 2000 Sidney D. Drell, 2000 The Enrico Fermi Award Fermi Award Home Nomination & Selection Guidelines Award Laureates 2010's 2000's 1990's 1980's 1970's 1960's 1950's Ceremony The Life of Enrico Fermi Contact Information The Enrico Fermi Award U.S. Department of Energy SC-2/Germantown Building 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585 P: (301) 903-9395 E: fermi.award@science.doe.gov 2000's Sidney D. Drell, 2000 Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page Citation For his major contributions to arms control and national security in studies showing that a Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty is compatible with maintaining the safety and reliability of U.S. nuclear weapons; and for providing practical and innovative solutions to national security problems and nuclear weapons safety in general. He has also made major contributions

344

P"I.'!)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

I.'!) I.'!) u .s . DEPARnIEN T OF ENERGY EERE PROJECT M ANAGEMEN T CEN TER NEPA DEIEmlINATION RECIPIENT:Gas Technology Institute PROJECf TITLE: Developing Thennal Conversion Options for Biorefinery Residues Page 1 of2 STATE: AL Funding Opportunity Announcement Number Procurement Instrument Number NEPA Control Number CIO Number COP DE· FG36-01G011082 GFO-GOll082-OO3 G011082 Based on my review oBhe information concerning the proposed action, as NEPA Compliance Officer (authorized under DOE Order 4SI.IA), I ban made the following detennination: ex. EA, EIS APPENDIX AND NUMBER: Description: 83.6 Siting, construction (or modification), operation, and decommissioning of facilities for indoor bench-scale research projects and conventional laboratory operations (for example, preparation of chemical standards and sample analysis);

345

Item Subject FAR Case  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Federal Acquisition Circular (FAC) 2005-53 Item Subject FAR Case I. Equal Opportunity for Veterans 2009-007 II. Unique Procurement Instrument Identifier 2009-023 III. Uniform Suspension and Debarment Requirement 2009-036 IV. Extension of Sunset Date for Protests of Task and 2011-015 Delivery Orders V. Encouraging Contractor Policies to Ban Text Messaging 2009-028 While Driving. VI. TINA Interest Calculations 2009-034 Item I--Equal Opportunity for Veterans (FAR 2009-007) The interim rule, published September 29, 2010, is adopted as final with minor changes. A definition from the clause at FAR 52.222-35 for ``executive and senior management'' is added to FAR subpart 22.13. The interim rule implemented Department of

346

Microsoft Word - plume paper  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Black Carbon and Particle Number Emission Factors Black Carbon and Particle Number Emission Factors from Individual Heavy-Duty Trucks George A. Ban-WeissP a P, Melissa M. LundenP b P, Thomas W. KirchstetterP b P, Robert A. HarleyP c, TF 1 FTP P a PUniversity of California, Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, Berkeley, CA 94720-1740 P b PLawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Atmospheric Science Dept., Berkeley, CA 94720 P c PUniversity of California, Dept. of Civil & Environmental Engineering, Berkeley, CA 94720-1710 Abstract Emission factors for black carbon (BC) and particle number (PN) were measured from 226 individual heavy-duty (HD) diesel-fueled trucks driving through a 1 km-long California highway tunnel in August 2006. Emission factors were based on concurrent increases in BC, PN, and COB 2

347

Soiling of building envelope surfaces and its effect on solar  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Soiling of building envelope surfaces and its effect on solar Soiling of building envelope surfaces and its effect on solar reflectance-Part I: Analysis of roofing product databases Title Soiling of building envelope surfaces and its effect on solar reflectance-Part I: Analysis of roofing product databases Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2011 Authors Sleiman, Mohamad, George Ban-Weiss, Haley E. Gilbert, David François, Paul Berdahl, Thomas W. Kirchstetter, Hugo Destaillats, and Ronnen M. Levinson Journal Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells Volume 95 Pagination 3385-3399 Date Published 10/2011 ISSN 0927-0248 Keywords Advanced Surfaces, building technology and urban systems department, Heat Island, Heat Island Group URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.solmat.2011.08.002 DOI 10.1016/j.solmat.2011.08.002

348

Microsoft Word - Strawa_JAEROSCI.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Optical and Physical Properties from Primary On-Road Vehicle Particle Optical and Physical Properties from Primary On-Road Vehicle Particle Emissions And Their Implications for Climate Change AW. Strawa a1 , TW. Kirchstetter b , AG. Hallar a,c , GA. Ban-Weiss d , JP. McLaughlin e , RA. Harley e , MM. Lunden b a NASA-Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA 94035 b Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Atmospheric Science Dept., Berkeley, CA 94720 c currently with Desert Research Institute, Storm Peak Laboratory, Steamboat Spring, CO 80488 d University of California, Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, Berkeley, CA 94720 e University of California, Dept. of Civil & Environmental Engineering, Berkeley, CA 94720 Abstract During the summers of 2004 and 2006, extinction and scattering coefficients of particle emissions inside a San Francisco Bay Area roadway tunnel were measured using a

349

U.S. DEPARTI\IENT OF ENER GY EE RE PROJECT MANAG EMENT CENT  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ENER ENER GY EE RE PROJECT MANAG EMENT CENT ER NEPA DETERl\lINATION RECIPIENT:AA Solar Products PROJECT TITLE: AA Solar Tracking System Factory Page 1 of2 STATE: IL Funding Opportunity Announcement Number Procurement Instrument Number NEPA Control Number em Number DE-FOA-OOOOOS2 EEOOOO119 GFO-1O-331 EE119 Based on my review of the information concerning the proposed action, as NEPA Compliance Omen (authorized under DOE Order 451.1A), I ban made the following determination: ex, EA, EIS APPENDIX AND NUMBER: Description : 81 .31 Relocation of machinery and equipment, such as analytical laboratory apparatus, electronic hardware, maintenance equipment, and health and safety equipment, including minor construction necessary for removal and installation, where uses of the relocated items will be similar to their former uses and consistent with the general missions of the

350

Department of Energy to Take Steps to Remove ENERGY STAR Label on Certain  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Department of Energy to Take Steps to Remove ENERGY STAR Label on Department of Energy to Take Steps to Remove ENERGY STAR Label on Certain LG Refrigerator-Freezer Models Department of Energy to Take Steps to Remove ENERGY STAR Label on Certain LG Refrigerator-Freezer Models December 7, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis Washington, DC - The Department of Energy announced today that as part of the expanded enforcement efforts under the ENERGY STAR® program, effective January 2, 2010, certain LG French-door refrigerator-freezers are banned from using the ENERGY STAR® label that helps consumers identify energy efficient products that will reduce their energy use and save them money. DOE is proceeding with this action after multiple independent labs have confirmed that when certain LG French-door refrigerator-freezers are tested using existing DOE test procedures, they do not qualify for the ENERGY

351

MTBE, Oxygenates, and Motor Gasoline  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

MTBE, Oxygenates, and MTBE, Oxygenates, and Motor Gasoline Contents * Introduction * Federal gasoline product quality regulations * What are oxygenates? * Who gets gasoline with oxygenates? * Which areas get MTBE? * How much has been invested in MTBE production capacity? * What does new Ethanol capacity cost? * What would an MTBE ban cost? * On-line information resources * Endnotes * Summary of revisions to this analysis Introduction The blending of methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) into motor gasoline has increased dramatically since it was first produced 20 years ago. MTBE usage grew in the early 1980's in response to octane demand resulting initially from the phaseout of lead from gasoline and later from rising demand for premium gasoline. The oxygenated gasoline program stimulated an

352

Ronnen Levinson  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ronnen M. Levinson Ronnen M. Levinson Ronnen Levinson Windows and Envelope Materials Group Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 1 Cyclotron Road MS 90-2000 Berkeley CA 94720 Office Location: 90-2056H (510) 486-7494 RMLevinson@lbl.gov This publications database is an ongoing project, and not all Division publications are represented here yet. Publications 2013 Ban-Weiss, George, Craig P. Wray, William W. Delp, Peter Ly, Hashem Akbari, and Ronnen M. Levinson. "Electricity production and cooling energy savings from installation of a building-integrated photovoltaic roof on an office building." Energy and Buildings 56 (2013): 210-220. 2012 Levinson, Ronnen M.. The Case for Cool Roofs., 2012. Download: PDF (205.7 KB) 2011 Menon, Surabi, and Ronnen M. Levinson. Cool roofs and global cooling: a

353

Building integrated photovoltaic (BIPV) roofs for sustainability and energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

integrated photovoltaic (BIPV) roofs for sustainability and energy integrated photovoltaic (BIPV) roofs for sustainability and energy efficiency Title Building integrated photovoltaic (BIPV) roofs for sustainability and energy efficiency Publication Type Report Year of Publication 2013 Authors Ly, Peter, George Ban-Weiss, Nathan Finch, Craig Wray, Mark de Ogburn, William W. Delp, Hashem Akbari, Scott Smaby, Ronnen Levinson, and Bret Gean Corporate Authors SEI Group Inc. Document Number ESTCP EW-200813 Pagination 156 pp. Date Published 09/2013 Publisher Naval Facilities Engineering Command - Engineering and Expeditionary Warfare Center Type Technical Report Report Number TR-NAVFAC-EXWC-PW-1303 Keywords Buildings Energy Efficiency, energy efficiency, Energy Usage, renewable energy, Renewable Energy: Policy & Programs Abstract

354

Fermilab | Traffic Safety at Fermilab | Resources  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Resources Resources Bicycle and Pedestrian Safety: Pedestrian Safety Awareness for Families Pedestrian Safety at Crosswalks Pedestrian Safety @ Fermilab Bicycle Helmet Safety Institute Take the Share The Road Quiz DuPage County Bike Maps Kane County Bike Maps League of Illinois Bicyclists State of Illinois Regional Bike Maps Rules and regulations: Fermilab traffic rules (FESHM 9010) Fermilab Today article on traffic safety on site, March 1, 2010 Illinois Rules of the Road Illinois ban of cell phone use while driving in school and construction zones (Illinois House Bill 72, passed August 6, 2009): Traffic safety: Illinois traffic safety publications Studies on distracted driving and cell-phone use while driving: http://www.nsc.org/safety_road/Distracted_Driving/Pages/distracted_driving.aspx

355

Microsoft Word - Document1  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Mr. Daniel Cohen Mr. Daniel Cohen Office of the General Counsel 1000 Independence Avenue , SW Washington D.C. 20585 RE: Regulatory Reduction RFI, 76 Fed. Reg. 6123, February 3, 2011 Via Email: Regulatory.Review@hq.doe.gov Dear Mr Cohen , Thank you on behalf of Empire Comfort Systems for the opportunity to comment on the Regulatory Burden issue . Our company is a small company of about 260 employees located about 20 minutes east of St.Louis in Belleville , Illinois . We try to do things according to the regulations given to us and to be good citizens . We support the comments submitted by the Hearth Patio and Barbecue Association concerning the need to repeal DOE's April 16, 2010 ban on decorative vented gas fireplaces . Our company supported the law requiring energy efficiency standards for Direct Heating Equipment

356

EIS-0423-S1: DOE Notice of Availability of a Draft Supplemental  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3-S1: DOE Notice of Availability of a Draft Supplemental 3-S1: DOE Notice of Availability of a Draft Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement EIS-0423-S1: DOE Notice of Availability of a Draft Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement Draft Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement for the Long-Term Management and Storage of Elemental Mercury DOE announces the availability of the Draft Long-Term Management and Storage of Elemental Mercury Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement (Mercury Storage SEIS, DOE/EIS-0423-S1) for public comment. As required by the Mercury Export Ban Act of 2008, DOE plans to identify a facility or facilities for the long-term management and storage of elemental mercury generated in the U.S. Subsequently, DOE identified three additional, reasonable alternative locations in the vicinity of its Waste Isolation

357

Environmental Energy Technologies Division News  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2000: 2000: Vol. 2, No. 1 Electrochromic Window Tests in U.S. Office Show Promise CLASP Helps Developing Nations Implement Energy Standards EETD Scientists Aid Research Efforts Leading to MTBE Ban Power Outage Study Team Examines Electricity Reliability Research Highlights Sources and Credits PDF of EETD News Electrochromic Window Tests in U.S. Office Show Promise Electrochromic glazings promise to be the next major advance in energy-efficient window technology, helping to achieve the goal of transforming windows and skylights from an energy liability in buildings to an energy source for the nation's building stock. The glazing can be reversibly switched from clear to a transparent, colored state by applying a low voltage, resulting in dynamically controllable thermal and optical

358

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY EERE PROJECT MANAGEMENT CENTER NEPA DE1'ERl\fiNATION  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DE1'ERl\fiNATION DE1'ERl\fiNATION RECIPIENT:Office of Energy Development PROJECT TITLE : SEP Formula Grant for the State of Utah Page I of3 STATE: UT Funding Opportunity Announcement Number Procurement Instrument Number NEPA Control Number elD Number DE·FOA-0000643 NT43206 GF0-00432Q6.001 BaSC'd on my review ofthe information concerning tbe proposed action, as NEPA Compliance Officer (authoru£d under DOE Order 4SI.lA), I ban made the following determination: ex, EA, EIS APPENDIX AND NUMBER: Description: A9 Inf ormation gathering, analysis, and dissemination A1 1 Technical advice and assistance to organizations Rational for detennination: Information gathering (including. but ooliimiled 10, literature surveys, inventories, site visits, and audits), data analysis (induding, but nollimited to, computer modeling), document preparation

359

3-D Earth model more accurately pinpoints explosions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3-D Earth model more accurately pinpoints explosions 3-D Earth model more accurately pinpoints explosions 3-D Earth model more accurately pinpoints explosions The purpose of this model is to assist the U.S. Air Force and the international Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty Organization with more accurately locating all types of explosions. October 25, 2013 A one-dimensional velocity profile with depth plotted within a three-dimensional Earth. The colors are compressional wave velocity in km/s. The rays are examples coming from a pseudo station at the North Pole. This model is used as the starting point to calculate the full SALSA3D velocity model. A one-dimensional velocity profile with depth plotted within a three-dimensional Earth. The colors are compressional wave velocity in km/s. The rays are examples coming from a pseudo station at the North Pole.

360

Microsoft PowerPoint - DOELM_Mercury_Storage.ppt  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Mercury Storage Concept Mercury Storage Concept Pre-Environmental Impact Statement Grand Junction, Colorado, Scoping Meeting Information 2 Mercury Export Ban Act Passed into law in October 2008 Purpose is to prohibit the export of mercury Identifies the Department of Energy (DOE) as the agency to provide long-term storage with collaboration from the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Requires: * Guidance on standards and procedures by October 1, 2009 * Facility will be constructed and operated to hazardous waste requirements * A facility be designated by January 1, 2010 * Operations to begin by January 1, 2013 3 Stockpiles of Mercury DOE stores approximately 1,200 metric tons at the Oak Ridge Reservation Department of Defense stores approximately 4,400 metric tons EPA estimates that between 7,500 and 10,000 metric

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361

Natural Gas Weekly Update, Printer-Friendly Version  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

22, 2001 22, 2001 The spot price at the Henry Hub finished the week at $2.34 per MMBtu, or just 3 cents above its level the previous Friday. On the NYMEX, the futures contract for November delivery ended the week over a quarter of a dollar higher than the previous Friday, at $2.681 per MMBtu. Despite a brief 2-day cold snap, temperatures across the Lower 48 States were relatively mild. Although some unseasonably cooler temperatures were seen from the Gulf Coast into the Mid-continent, even there average temperatures for the week generally were 50 degrees or more. (See Temperature Map) (See Deviation Map) On October 12 the Coast Guard lifted the ban on liquefied natural gas (LNG) tankers' use of Boston harbor to reach Distrigas of Massachusetts' import facility, helping to alleviate concerns about

362

Eliminating MTBE in Gasoline in 2006  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

02/22/2006 02/22/2006 Eliminating MTBE in Gasoline in 2006 Summary In 2005, a number of petroleum companies announced their intent to remove methyl tertiary-butyl ether (MTBE) from their gasoline in 2006. Companies' decisions to eliminate MTBE have been driven by State bans due to water contamination concerns, continuing liability exposure from adding MTBE to gasoline, and perceived potential for increased liability exposure due to the elimination of the oxygen content requirement for reformulated gasoline (RFG) included in the Energy Policy Act of 2005. EIA's informal discussions with a number of suppliers indicate that most of the industry is trying to move away from MTBE before the 2006 summer driving season. Currently, the largest use of MTBE is in RFG consumed on the East Coast outside of

363

u.s. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY EERE PROJECT MAN AG EMENT CENTER NEPA DETERlvITNATION  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

(Il) (Il) u.s. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY EERE PROJECT MAN AG EMENT CENTER NEPA DETERlvITNATION RECIPIENT:W.R. Grace and Co Page lof2 STATE: MD PROJECT TITLE: New Reactor technology for Hydroprocessing Bio-oils to Produce Gasoline, Diesel and Jet Fuel Funding Opportunity Announcement Numbn Procurementlnstrumenl Numbu NEPA Control Number em Numbu DE·FOA-OOOO342 DE-EE()(X)4392 GF0-0004392-OO1 EE4392 Ba~d on my review oflhe information concerning the proposed action, as NEPA Compliance Officer (authoriud undu DOE O rder 4St.IA).1 ban made the (ollowing ddermination: ex, EA, [IS APPENDIX AND NUMBER: Description: A9 Information gathering (induding, but nollimiled la, literature surveys, Inventories, audits). data analysis (induding computer modeling), document preparation (sud'! as COrIceptuaJ design or feasibility studies, analytical energy supply

364

Lab celebrates 50 years in space  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

celebrates 50 years in space celebrates 50 years in space Community Connections: Our link to Northern New Mexico Communities Latest Issue:Dec. 2013 - Jan. 2014 All Issues » submit Lab celebrates 50 years in space National security missions and pure research December 1, 2013 Lab celebrates 50 years in space Lab's instruments have helped detect possible nuclear weapon detonations and led to fundamental scientific discoveries. Contacts Community Programs Office Director Kurt Steinhaus Email Editor Linda Anderman Email Not only does 2013 mark the Lab's 70th anniversary, it also marks the 50th anniversary of its first mission into space. During those five decades, it's been involved in 206 launches-only a few other organizations in the world can claim more-that began with the goal of helping monitor compliance with the 1963 Partial Test Ban Treaty through

365

NEWTON, Ask a Scientist at Argonne National Labs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Shoes and Energy Shoes and Energy Name: Steven Status: other Grade: other Location: CT Date: Winter 2011-2012 Question: A company named Athletic Propulsion Labs designed a basketball shoe that they claim makes a player jump higher. The shoe has "Load and Launch" technology built into the front sole of the shoe that is some sort of spring mechanism. The way I see it, this mechanism cannot allow a player to jump higher because only an external force can produce motion. The spring mechanism is internal to the body (including the player, shoes, socks uniform) that is launched into the air and an internal force cannot produce motion. Despite this, the shoe has been tested and found to provide additional lift. The shoe has actually been banned by the NBA because it provides an unfair advantage to players who wear them. How could this shoe possibly work?

366

u.s. DEPART1IENT OF ENERGY EERE PROJECT MANAG EM ENT CEN T ER  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EERE PROJECT MANAG EERE PROJECT MANAG EM ENT CEN T ER NEPA DETER1.IINATION RECIPIENT:TEXAS COMPTROLLER OF PUBLIC ACCOUNTS PROJECT TITLE: ARRA SEP CITY OF ADDISON TURBINE PROJECT Page 1 of2 STATE: TX Funding Opportunity AnDouncement Number Proc:urcmentlnstrumcnt Number NEPA Control Number CID Number DE·EEOOOO116 EEOOOO116 EE116 Based on my review oftbe informatioll concerning the proposed action, as NEPA Compliance Officer (authoriud under DOE Order 4Sl.IA), I ban made the following determination: ex, EA, EIS APPENDIX AND NUMBER: Description: A9 Information gathering (including. but not limited to, literature surveys, inventories, audits). dala analysis (including computer modeling). document preparation (such as conceptual design or feasibility studies, analytical energy supply

367

Notices  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

204 Federal Register 204 Federal Register / Vol. 77, No. 108 / Tuesday, June 5, 2012 / Notices 20202. Email: equitycommission@ed. gov. Telephone: (202) 453-6567. John DiPaolo, Chief of Staff, Assistant Secretary for Civil Rights, Office for Civil Rights. [FR Doc. 2012-13499 Filed 6-4-12; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4000-01-P DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Notice of Intent To Prepare a Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement for the Long-Term Management and Storage of Elemental Mercury AGENCY: Department of Energy. ACTION: Notice of intent. SUMMARY: As required by the Mercury Export Ban Act of 2008 (the Act), the Department of Energy (DOE) plans to identify a facility or facilities for the long-term management and storage of elemental mercury generated in the United States. To this end, DOE intends

368

 

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

B3.6 Siting/construction/operation/decommissioning of facilities for bench-scale research, conventional laboratory operations, small-scale research and development and pilot projects B3.6 Siting/construction/operation/decommissioning of facilities for bench-scale research, conventional laboratory operations, small-scale research and development and pilot projects The proposed action would involve the installation of a 5-6 kW ground mounted monopole design photovoltaic system adjacent to the security kiosk within the road shoulder at the west entrance to the Morongo Reservation (near the terminus of Morongo Road at the intersection of Hargrave Road in the incorporated City of Banning). Panels would be installed in a roadside ditch adjacent to rangelands. This size of system would account for approximately 30-40% of the energy consumption for the kiosk. Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grants Morongo Band of Cahuilla Mission Indians of the Morongo Reservation RE Technology - Solar

369

1  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3-D Earth model more accurately 3-D Earth model more accurately pinpoints explosions October 25, 2013 During the Cold War, U.S. and international monitoring agencies could detect nuclear tests and measure their size. Today, they seek to pinpoint much smaller explosives tests. Under the sponsorship of the National Nuclear Security Administration's Office of Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation R&D, Los Alamos and Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) have partnered to develop a 3-D model of the Earth's mantle and crust called SALSA3D (Sandia-Los Alamos 3D). The purpose of this model is to assist the U.S. Air Force and the international Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO) in Vienna, Austria, with more accurately locating all types of explosions. Significance of the research

370

Department of Energy to Take Steps to Remove ENERGY STAR Label on Certain  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

to Take Steps to Remove ENERGY STAR Label on to Take Steps to Remove ENERGY STAR Label on Certain LG Refrigerator-Freezer Models Department of Energy to Take Steps to Remove ENERGY STAR Label on Certain LG Refrigerator-Freezer Models December 7, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis Washington, DC - The Department of Energy announced today that as part of the expanded enforcement efforts under the ENERGY STAR® program, effective January 2, 2010, certain LG French-door refrigerator-freezers are banned from using the ENERGY STAR® label that helps consumers identify energy efficient products that will reduce their energy use and save them money. DOE is proceeding with this action after multiple independent labs have confirmed that when certain LG French-door refrigerator-freezers are tested using existing DOE test procedures, they do not qualify for the ENERGY

371

Lightweight Buses With Electric Drive Improve Fuel Economy and Passenger Experience  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lightweight Buses With Electric Drive Improve Lightweight Buses With Electric Drive Improve Fuel Economy and Passenger Experience Background The standard, 40-foot diesel- powered transit bus is noisy, consumes a gallon of fuel for every three miles it travels, weighs 28,000 pounds, and contributes significantly to ur- ban air pollution. While hybrid electric buses do exist, they are very expensive, and typi- cally get just four miles to the gallon. Autokinetics and the Department of Energy Office of FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies Program saw sig- nificant room for improvement in hybrid electric buses-in terms of weight and noise reduction, better fuel economy, lower cost, and rider percep- tion-using lightweight body

372

Building Public Trust: Appendix A  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A A REMARKS BY PRESIDENT WILLIAM J. CLINTON IN ACCEPTANCE OF HUMAN RADIATION FINAL REPORT October 3, 1995 Old Executive Office Building Let me begin with a simple thank you to everyone who participated in this extraordinary project and to everyone who supported them. I want to thank Secretary O'Leary for her extraordinary devotion to this cause. And you heard in her remarks basically the way that she views this. It's a part of her ongoing commitment to finish the end of the Cold War. And perhaps no Energy Secretary has ever done as much as she has to be an advocate, whether it is for continued reforms within the Energy Department or her outspoken endorsement of the strongest possible commitment on the part of the United States to a Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty, which I believe we will achieve next year in no small measure thanks to the support of the Secretary of Energy.

373

Sustainable Evolution in an Ever-Changing Environment: General Characterization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A complex interplay between the academic issue about generalization of the thermodynamics and the practical matter about setting standards for a sustainable evolution of both tailored devices and natural systems is considered. It is established that the measure for a sustainable evolution in an ever-changing environment appears as a Boltzmann-Gibbs weight. At the same time, this measure performs as a local thermodynamical potential which, at the expense of being released from the condition of entropy maximization, serves as grounds for a fundamental development of the idea of banning perpetuum mobile. It is proven that the best efficiency of each engine that operates reversibly never exceeds the efficiency of corresponding Carnot heat engine where the engine is free from necessity of a physical coupling to two heat reservoirs.

Maria K. Koleva

2009-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

374

Products of motor burnout. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The Montreal Protocol of 1987 effectively banned a long list of chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) traditionally used in air conditioning and refrigeration applications. The refrigeration and air conditioning industries have responded by developing and testing new, alternative refrigerants that are less damaging to the atmosphere upon release. Despite a reputation for quality and reliability, air conditioning systems do occasionally fail. One of the more common failure modes in a hermetic system is a motor burnout. Motor burnouts can occur by various mechanisms. One of the most common scenarios is a locked motor rotor, which may result from a damaged bearing. The resulting electrical motor burnout is caused by overheating of the locked rotor and subsequent failure of the insulation. This is primarily a thermal breakdown process.

Hawley-Fedder, R.; Goerz, D.; Koester, C.; Wilson, M.

1996-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

375

Time dependences of atmospheric Carbon dioxide fluxes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Understanding the lifetime of CO2 in the atmosphere is critical for predictions regarding future climate changes. A simple mass conservation analysis presented here generates tight estimations for the atmosphere's retention time constant. The analysis uses a leaky integrator model that combines the observed deficit (only less than 40% of CO2 produced from combustion of fossil fuels is actually retained in the atmosphere, while more than 60% is continuously shed) with the exponential growth of fossil fuel burning. It reveals a maximum characteristic time of less than 23 year for the transfer of atmospheric CO2 to a segregation sink. This time constant is further constrained by the rapid disappearance of 14C after the ban of atmospheric atomic bomb tests, which provides a lower limit of 18 years for this transfer. The study also generates evaluations of other CO2 fluxes, exchange time constants and volumes exchanged. Analysis of large harmonic oscillations of atmospheric CO2 concentration, often neglected in th...

DeSalvo, Riccardo

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Proceedings of the Numerical Modeling for Underground Nuclear Test Monitoring Symposium  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the meeting was to discuss the state-of-the-art in numerical simulations of nuclear explosion phenomenology with applications to test ban monitoring. We focused on the uniqueness of model fits to data, the measurement and characterization of material response models, advanced modeling techniques, and applications of modeling to monitoring problems. The second goal of the symposium was to establish a dialogue between seismologists and explosion-source code calculators. The meeting was divided into five main sessions: explosion source phenomenology, material response modeling, numerical simulations, the seismic source, and phenomenology from near source to far field. We feel the symposium reached many of its goals. Individual papers submitted at the conference are indexed separately on the data base.

Taylor, S.R.; Kamm, J.R. [eds.

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Non-crossing dependencies: least effort, not grammar  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The use of null hypotheses (in a statistical sense) is common in hard sciences but not in theoretical linguistics. Here the null hypothesis that the low frequency of syntactic dependency crossings is expected by an arbitrary ordering of words is rejected. It is shown that this would require star dependency structures, which are both unrealistic and too restrictive. The hypothesis of the limited resources of the human brain is revisited. Stronger null hypotheses taking into account actual dependency lengths for the likelihood of crossings are presented. Those hypotheses suggests that crossings are likely to reduce when dependencies are shortened. A hypothesis based on pressure to reduce dependency lengths is more parsimonious than a principle of minimization of crossings or a grammatical ban that is totally dissociated from the general and non-linguistic principle of economy.

Ferrer-i-Cancho, Ramon

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Waste management policy revisions: lessons learned from the Katrina disaster  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The main objective of this paper is to identify debris and waste management policies that need to be changed based on the lessons learned from Hurricane Katrina. Policy issues addressed include fragmented jurisdictional problems, issues related to types of debris, burning of house hold debris, wood infestation with Formosan termites and banning of yard wastes from landfills. Current practices and trends in the building material waste management following disasters are examined from a building life cycle standpoint or cradle to cradle concept. Completing the proper planning before the disaster is critical. Having a plan in place can allow for maximum, integrated recycling, resource optimisation, waste reduction and deconstruction. Examination of the waste management hierarchy and life cycle management of material is used to improve the understanding of reuse and recycle opportunities. Based on the lessons learnt from Hurricane Katrina proposed changes in debris management policy following natural disasters.

William E. Roper

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Automated particulate sampler field test model operations guide  

SciTech Connect

The Automated Particulate Sampler Field Test Model Operations Guide is a collection of documents which provides a complete picture of the Automated Particulate Sampler (APS) and the Field Test in which it was evaluated. The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) Automated Particulate Sampler was developed for the purpose of radionuclide particulate monitoring for use under the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT). Its design was directed by anticipated requirements of small size, low power consumption, low noise level, fully automatic operation, and most predominantly the sensitivity requirements of the Conference on Disarmament Working Paper 224 (CDWP224). This guide is intended to serve as both a reference document for the APS and to provide detailed instructions on how to operate the sampler. This document provides a complete description of the APS Field Test Model and all the activity related to its evaluation and progression.

Bowyer, S.M.; Miley, H.S.

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Stemborers attacking Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench and Zea mays L. in the Texas Lower Rio Grande Valley  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

); Eoreuaa loftini &Dyar), the sugarcane borer &SCB); Distress saccharalis f b ' ' I, d th 1 t lk b Ithhl: E~II ~I' ll IE ll 1. S 1 h d I Rh d SCB d sorghua were sore freguent than those of NCB or LCB. LCB was the least cosson st. esborer. Population...~(hp. :th I lp!t dt = BAN)) f~)' C . ICA h1 ' I Ip . , Cd~1 )p . . CO~I g I h C h &. B~h I t' I t (A h d&. B p. By p : B 'd . d A~h t t (T d) th'pt Tachinidae); and several specisens of braconid parasites which could not be identified. Stesborer...

Youm, Ousmane

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rong ban kst" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Discrimination of nuclear explosions against civilian sources based on atmospheric xenon isotopic activity ratios  

SciTech Connect

A global monitoring system for atmospheric xenon radioactivity is being established as part of the International Monitoring System that will be used to verify compliance with the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) once the treaty has entered into force. This paper studies isotopic activity ratios to support interpretation of observed atmospheric concentrations of 135Xe, 133mXe, 133Xe and 131mXe. The goal is to distinguish nuclear explosion sources from civilian releases. Simulations of nuclear explosions, empirical data for both test and reactor releases as well as observations by measurement stations of the International Noble Gas Experiment (INGE) are used to provide a proof of concept for the isotopic ratio based method for source discrimination.

Kalinowski, Martin B.; Axelssson, A.; Bean, Marc; Blanchard, X.; Bowyer, Ted W.; Brachet, G.; McIntyre, Justin I.; Peters, Jana; Pistner, Christoph; Raith, Maria; Ringbom, Anders; Saey, P. R.; Schlosser, C.; Stocki, Trevor J.; Taffary, T.; Ungar, R. Kurt

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Pool octanes via oxygenates  

SciTech Connect

Increasingly stringent antipollution regulations placed on automobile exhaust gases with consequent reduction or complete lead ban from motor gasoline result in octane shortage at many manufacturing sites. Attractive solutions to this problem, especially in conjunction with abundant methanol supplies, are the hydration and etherification of olefins contained in light product streams from cracking unit or produced by field gas dehydrogenation. A comparison is made between oxygenates octane-volume pool contributions and established refinery technologies. Process reviews for bulk manufacture of fuel-grade isopropanol (IPA), secondary butanol (SBA), tertiary butanol (TBA), methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) and tertiary amyl methyl ether (TAME) are presented together with the characteristic investment and operating data. The implantation of these processes into a typical FCCU refinery complex with the resulting octane-pool improvement possibilities is descried.

Prezelj, M.

1987-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Future prospects for compression ignition fuel in California : fuel-related implications of possible pathways to mitigation of public health threats.  

SciTech Connect

This paper documents methods and results of an investigation of the options for and year 2010 consequences of possible new limitations on the use of diesel fuel in California, USA. California's Air Resources Board will undertake a risk management process to determine steps necessary to protect the health and safety of the public from carcinogenic species resident on diesel combustion exhaust particles. Environmental activist groups continue to call for the elimination of diesel fuel in California and other populous states. It is the declared intention of CARB not to ban or restrict diesel fuel, per se, at this time. Thus, two ''mid-course'' strategies now appear feasible: (1) Increased penetration of natural gas, LPG, and possibly lower alcohols into the transportation fuels market, to the extent that some Cl applications would revert to spark-ignition (SI) engines. (2) New specifications requiring diesel fuel reformulation based on more detailed investigation of exhaust products of individual diesel fuel constituents.

Eberhardt, J. J.; Rote, D. M.; Saricks, C. L.; Stodolsky, F.

1999-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

384

Parallel Radioisotope Collection and Analysis in Response to the Fukushima Release  

SciTech Connect

Two independent air samplers were operated at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in parallel during the collection of samples from the Fukushima reactor releases. One system is an automated aerosol collection and analysis unit, while the other was a manual sampler of higher daily air volume. The samples collected each day showed excellent correlation in radionuclide activity, although some variations were seen. These variations illustrate the reproducibility of the air sample radionuclide measurements made by the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty International Monitoring System (IMS) and show a simple way to acquire useful parallel samples for scientific purposes. In particular, a party wishing to have a copy of a sample acquired by the verification regime of the treaty could employ this method and have results similar to the IMS station at low cost and even higher sensitivity.

Woods, Vincent T.; Bowyer, Ted W.; Biegalski, S.; Greenwood, Lawrence R.; Haas, Derek A.; Hayes, James C.; Lepel, Elwood A.; Miley, Harry S.; Morris, Scott J.

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

ab initio Electronic Transport Model with Explicit Solution to the Linearized Boltzmann Transport Equation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Accurate models of carrier transport are essential for describing the electronic properties of semiconductor materials. To the best of our knowledge, the current models following the framework of the Boltzmann transport equation (BTE) either rely heavily on experimental data (i.e., semi-empirical), or utilize simplifying assumptions, such as the constant relaxation time approximation (BTE-cRTA). While these models offer valuable physical insights and accurate calculations of transport properties in some cases, they often lack sufficient accuracy -- particularly in capturing the correct trends with temperature and carrier concentration. We present here a general transport model for calculating low-field electrical drift mobility and Seebeck coefficient of n-type semiconductors, by explicitly considering all relevant physical phenomena (i.e. elastic and inelastic scattering mechanisms). We first rewrite expressions for the rates of elastic scattering mechanisms, in terms of ab initio properties, such as the ban...

Faghaninia, Alireza; Lo, Cynthia S

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Tank 241-AZ-101 Mixer Pump Test Vapor Sampling and Analysis Plan  

SciTech Connect

This sampling and analysis plan (SAP) identifies characterization objectives pertaining to sample collection, laboratory analytical evaluation, and reporting requirements for vapor samples obtained during the operation of mixer pumps in tank 241-AZ-101. The primary purpose of the mixer pump test (MPT) is to demonstrate that the two 300 horsepower mixer pumps installed in tank 241-AZ-101 can mobilize the settled sludge so that it can be retrieved for treatment and vitrification Sampling will be performed in accordance with Tank 241-AZ-101 Mixer Pump Test Data Quality Objective (Banning 1999) and Data Quality Objectives for Regulatory Requirements for Hazardous and Radioactive Air Emissions Sampling and Analysis (Mulkey 1999). The sampling will verify if current air emission estimates used in the permit application are correct and provide information for future air permit applications.

TEMPLETON, A.M.

2000-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

387

Understand assumptions and know uncertainties: Boscovich and the motion of the Earth  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The general prohibition of books advocating heliocentric theory put many progressive Jesuits in a difficult position. One of the most prominent Jesuit scientists of the 18th century, Rogerius Boscovich, was in particularly affected by conflicts between a beautifully simple theory of gravity by Newton, his Jesuit peripatetic education, Church doctrine and the lack of crucial experimental evidence for the motion of the Earth. I present the development of Boscovich's ideas prior to the lifting of the ban, and his retrospective considerations in later writings. These show that Boscovich's acceptance of the motion of the Earth was primarily driven by the existence of a working physical theory that also explained the motion of the Earth, and the lack of a consistent theory that supported any variation of a geocentric system.

Krajnovic, Davor

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Plutonium aging  

SciTech Connect

The author describes the plutonium aging program at the Los Alamos National Laboratory. The aging of plutonium components in the US nuclear weapons stockpile has become a concern due to several events: the end of the cold war, the cessation of full scale underground nuclear testing as a result of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) and the closure of the Rocky Flats Plant--the site where the plutonium components were manufactured. As a result, service lifetimes for nuclear weapons have been lengthened. Dr. Olivas will present a brief primer on the metallurgy of plutonium, and will then describe the technical approach to ascertaining the long-term changes that may be attributable to self-radiation damage. Facilities and experimental techniques which are in use to study aging will be described. Some preliminary results will also be presented.

Olivas, J.D.

1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

A climatological analysis of the freeze period of Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Useable Data Bor er 3W Plainview 1949-89 1908-89 40 77 37 35 Denison Dam A 1 ban Seminole 1940-89 1902-89 1922-89 48 84 61 37 36 37 Karnack 1942-74 29 21 Corsicana 1902-89 83 36 Ysleta Lam asas Jas er 3W 1939-89 1902-89 1900... 30 32 34 Bor er 3W 40 W FF36 NONE Plainview 77 D FF30 32 Denison Dam 48 NONE Alban Seminole 84 61 D LF32 34 D NONE Karnack Corsican a Ysleta Lam asas 29 83 50 86 W DUR36 FF34 D FF30, 34 W D FF28 NONE NONE NONE NONE Jas er 23...

Donahue, Christopher Alan

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

390

Special Lecture in Memory of Glenn Theodore Seaborg (19 April 1912 - 25 February 1999) Glenn T. Seaborg's Multi-faceted Career  

DOE R&D Accomplishments (OSTI)

Glenn Theodore Seaborg (1912-1999) was a world-renowned nuclear chemist, a Nobel Laureate in chemistry in 1951, co-discoverer of plutonium and nine other transuranium elements, Chairman of the US Atomic Energy Commission from 1961-71, scientific advisor to ten US presidents, active in national and international professional societies, an advocate for nuclear power as well as for a comprehensive nuclear test ban treaty, a prolific writer, an avid hiker, environmentalist, and sports enthusiast. He was known and esteemed not only by chemists and other scientists throughout the world, but also by lay people, politicians, statesmen, and students of all ages. This memorial includes a brief glimpse of Glenn Seaborg's early life and education, describes some of his major contributions to nuclear science over his long and fruitful career, and highlights his profound influence on nuclear science, both in the US and in the international community.

Hoffman, Darleane C.

2001-11-00T23:59:59.000Z

391

Summary of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty  

SciTech Connect

The Non-Proliferation Treaty rests on a basic bargain between the five declared nuclear-weapon states-the United States, Russia, Britain, France and China and 167 states that do not possess nuclear weapons. In addition, to the arms control and disarmaments commitments in Article VI, the parties pledge in the treaty`s pramble their determination to seek a comprehensive test ban (CTB) and express the understanding that in connection with the treaty on general and complete disarmament the parties should seek the cessation of manufacture of nuclear weapons, the liquidation of all their existing stock piles, and the elimination from national arsenals of nuclear weapons and means of their delivery. The author summaries key elements of these agreements.

NONE

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Transparency in nuclear arms: Toward a nuclear weapons register  

SciTech Connect

In his press conference to present a {open_quotes}10-point non-proliferation initiative{close_quotes} last December, German Foreign Minister Klaus Kinkel included a proposal calling for an international register for nuclear weapons, analogous to the UN Conventional Arms Register. When German diplomats explained the initiative to their allies in London, Paris and Washington, they were sharply rebuffed. Apparently the three nuclear-weapon states were strongly opposed to the idea and therefore discouraged Germany from pursuing it further in the Conference on Disarmament (CD) in Geneva, where the ad hoc group on transparency in armaments would be an appropriate forum for further discussion. Faced with these cold responses, German diplomats shelved the idea for the time being and concentrated on initiatives that promised better chances for agreement, such as the comprehensive test ban (CTB) treaty currently under discussion, a fissile material cutoff agreement and an international plutonium management regime.

Mueller, H. [Peace Research Institute, Frankfurt (Germany)

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

The nuclear-weapon states and article VI of the NPT  

SciTech Connect

The Non-Proliferation Treaty rests on a basic bargain between the five declared nuclear-weapon states - the United States, Russia, Britain, France and China and 167 states that do not possess nuclear weapons. In addition, to the arms control and disarmaments commitments in Article VI, the parties pledge in the treaty`s pramble their determination to seek a comprehensive test ban (CTB) and express the understanding that in connection with the treaty on general and complete disarmament the parties should seek the cessation of manufacture of nuclear weapons, the liquidation of all their existing stock piles, and the elimination from national arsenals of nuclear weapons and means of their delivery. The author discusses the status of these agreements and the extent to which they have been fulfilled.

Mendelsohn, J.; Lockwood, D.

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Final text of the African nuclear-weapon-free zone treaty  

SciTech Connect

In early 1996, African leaders will travel to Cairo, Egypt, to sign the African nuclear-weapon-free zone treaty, capping African countries` 35-year effort to ban all such weapons on the continent. Informally called the Pelindaba Treaty (ironically, the site of the South African nuclear research center where some of Pretoria`s nuclear weapons work was conducted), the accord will prohibit the development, manufacture, acquisition or possession of any nuclear explosive device as well as the dumping of radioactive material within the zone. Once it enters into force-after the 28th state deposits its instrument of ratification-Africa will become the world`s fourth nuclear-weapon-free zone. The treaty`s final text is printed provided.

NONE

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

DSW customers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Customer Meetings Environmental Review-NEPA Operations & Maintenance Planning & Projects Power Marketing Rates Customer Meetings Environmental Review-NEPA Operations & Maintenance Planning & Projects Power Marketing Rates Desert Southwest Region's Customer list Use the filters above the customer list to refine your search. Click the "Clear" to reset the list. Western's full list of customers is available on the Western's Customer Web page. Customer Name Customer Type State Region Project Agua Caliente Band of Cahuilla Indians Native American Tribes CA DSW PD Aguila Irrigation District Irrigation Districts AZ DSW CAP Anaheim, City of Municipalities CA DSW BC Arizona Power Authority State Agencies AZ DSW BC Arizona Public Service Company Investor-owned Utilities AZ DSW CAP Azusa, City of Municipalities CA DSW BC Banning, City of Municipalities CA DSW BC

396

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY EERE PROJECT 'dfu'lAGEMENT CENTER  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

'dfu'lAGEMENT CENTER 'dfu'lAGEMENT CENTER NEPA DETERMINATION Page 1 of2 RECIPIENT:Nashua-Plainfield Community Schools; a SEP sub-recipient of the Iowa Economic STATE : fA Development Authority PROJECT TITLE : Nashua-Plainfield Community Schools Geothermal System Funding Opportunity Announcement Number Proc:urement Instrument Number NEPA Control Number em Number DE-FOA-OOOOS2 EEOOOO162 GF0-0000162-018 EE162 Based on my re view orehe information concerning the propos.ed action, as NEPA Complia nce O ffice r (authorized under DOE Order 451.1A), I ban made the (ollowing determination: ex, EA, [IS APPENDIX AND NUMBER: Description: 85.19 Ground source heat pumps The installation, modification, operation, and removal of rommercially available smalfscale ground source heat pumps to support operations in single facilities (such as a school or community center) or contiguous facilities

397

Los Alamos in SPACE | National Security Science Magazine | Los Alamos  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Los Alamos in SPACE Los Alamos in SPACE Since the launches of the first man-made objects (Sputnik and Explorer 1) to orbit the Earth more than a half-century ago, thousands of spacecraft have been launched, many of those carrying Los Alamos sensors and instrumentation systems. Our journey began with the research and development of a two-decade-long nuclear rocket program, Project Rover. In the 1950s, Los Alamos scientists, building on their nuclear expertise, examined new methods for rocket propulsion into space. In December 1960, in the thick of the Cold War and during negotiation of the Limited Test Ban Treaty, the Atomic Energy Commission and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) first met to discuss a space-based system to detect nuclear explosions in the atmosphere and space. The nation turned to Los

398

Publications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

66 results: 66 results: BibTex RIS RTF XML Sort by: Author Title Type [ Year (Desc) ] Filters: Author is Craig P. Wray [Clear All Filters] 2013 Rapp, Vi H., Albert Pastor-Perez, Brett C. Singer, and Craig P. Wray. Predicting Backdrafting and Spillage for Natural-Draft Gas Combustion Appliances: Validating VENT-II., 2013. Ban-Weiss, George, Craig P. Wray, William W. Delp, Peter Ly, Hashem Akbari, and Ronnen M. Levinson. "Electricity production and cooling energy savings from installation of a building-integrated photovoltaic roof on an office building." Energy and Buildings 56 (2013): 210-220. J. Chris Stratton, and Craig P. Wray. Procedures and Standards for Residential Ventilation System Commissioning: An Annotated Bibliography., 2013. 2012 J. Chris Stratton, William J. N. Turner, Craig P. Wray, and Iain S. Walker.

399

Bell-Bottoms and Energy Efficient Buildings | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Bell-Bottoms and Energy Efficient Buildings Bell-Bottoms and Energy Efficient Buildings Bell-Bottoms and Energy Efficient Buildings January 18, 2011 - 5:19pm Addthis Roland Risser Roland Risser Program Director, Building Technologies Office This is hard to admit via blog, but I must come clean. I have fallen victim to some now seemingly ridiculous trends during my life. A few of them include wearing bell-bottoms in the 70s, sporting a "Members Only" jacket in the 80s, and rocking Ray-Bans and Maui Jims in the 90s (well, technically I still wear Maui Jims). What was I thinking? This tri-fecta of bad fashion and wrong choices makes me wonder... What characteristic makes an idea or product so exceptional that people value it? What causes the popularity explosion of a YouTube video or the national obsession with a bed bug outbreak?

400

Property:EIA/861/IsoCa | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

IsoCa IsoCa Jump to: navigation, search Property Name ISO_CA Property Type Boolean Description Indicates that the organization conducts operations in the CA ISO region [1] References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - 861 Webfile Layout for 2010.doc" Pages using the property "EIA/861/IsoCa" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 3 3 Phases Energy Services + true + C City & County of San Francisco (Utility Company) + true + City of Alameda, California (Utility Company) + true + City of Anaheim, California (Utility Company) + true + City of Azusa, California (Utility Company) + true + City of Banning, California (Utility Company) + true + City of Biggs, California (Utility Company) + true + City of Colton, California (Utility Company) + true +

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rong ban kst" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

3-D Earth model more accurately pinpoints explosions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3-D Earth model more accurately pinpoints explosions 3-D Earth model more accurately pinpoints explosions 3-D Earth model more accurately pinpoints explosions The purpose of this model is to assist the U.S. Air Force and the international Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty Organization with more accurately locating all types of explosions. October 25, 2013 A one-dimensional velocity profile with depth plotted within a three-dimensional Earth. The colors are compressional wave velocity in km/s. The rays are examples coming from a pseudo station at the North Pole. This model is used as the starting point to calculate the full SALSA3D velocity model. A one-dimensional velocity profile with depth plotted within a three-dimensional Earth. The colors are compressional wave velocity in km/s. The rays are examples coming from a pseudo station at the North Pole.

402

STAG UK Newsletter Issue 5  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and pray some-one told me, but I don't know mwy Arabs.We have been asked lJY several of you if we could talw over gifts for various stars. I'm sorry to say this will be impossible, as our luggage weig?ht is res tricted, but if any of you would like... ?.. stune Dllcl Dust. :.m.k .i3ju~:r; ED EP I:30 DhlfL. It does not look likelyt110.t we will ever get to see the throe banned episodes uf star Trek on BBG television, as they 11o;ve recently said. so 9 (Again, L adding tho.-(; neitl~er will they...

1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Development of lead-free solders for hybrid microcircuits  

SciTech Connect

Extensive work has been conducted by industry to develop lead-free solders for electronics applications. The driving force behind this effort is pressure to ban or tax the use of lead-bearing solders. There has been further interest to reduce the use of hazardous chemical cleaners. Lead-free soldering and low-residue, ``no clean`` assembly processing are being considered as solutions to these environmental issues. Most of the work has been directed toward commercial and military printed wiring board (PWB) technology, although similar problems confront the hybrid microcircuit (HMC) industry, where the development of lead-free HMC solders is generally lagging. Sandia National Laboratories is responsible for designing a variety of critical, high reliability hybrid components for radars. Sandia has consequently initiated a project, as part of its Environmentally Conscious Manufacturing program, to develop low-residue, lead-free soldering for HMCs. This paper discusses the progress of that work.

Hosking, F.M.; Vianco, P.T.; Frear, D.R.; Robinson, D.G.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

A solid phase extraction procedure for determination of triazine herbicides and polar metabolites in natural waters  

SciTech Connect

Atrazine and related triazine herbicides are used in great quantities throughout the world for pre-emergence weed control. In the central United States, for example, millions of kilograms of triazines are applied each year. In areas of heavy usage, surface water supplies are often affected by runoff of these substances and their transformation products. Therefore, a number of these compounds are routinely monitored in drinking water in the United States, particularly in agricultural areas such as the Mississippi river valley. There is also significant interest regarding the fate and transport of the triazine herbicides in the natural environment. In Europe, where groundwater is utilized for a high proportion of drinking water supplies, the EC has established more stringent limits than has the US EPA. Currently, the US limit is 3 {mu}g/L for atrazine; the European limit is 0.1 {mu}g/L for atrazine or any individual regulated pesticide, and 0.5 {mu}g/L for the sum of all pesticides. Because groundwater levels in agricultural areas were consistently above this limit, Germany banned the use of Atrazine in 1991, and has recommended banning the use of this herbicide throughout the European Community (EC). Clearly, a rugged method for determination of the triazine herbicides is desirable with detection limits in the part per trillion range. Because direct determination at these levels is not usually possible, sample enrichment techniques, such as solid phase extraction (SPE), must be employed. In this study, Porapak RDX Sep-Pak{reg_sign} cartridges were used for trace enrichment of triazines and metabolites.

Young, M.S. [Waters Corp., Milford, MA (United States)

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Alternatives to Diesel Fuel in California - Fuel Cycle Energy and Emission Effects of Possible Replacements Due to the TAC Diesel Particulate Decision  

SciTech Connect

Limitations on petroleum-based diesel fuel in California could occur pursuant to the 1998 declaration by California's Air Resources Board (CARB) that the particulate matter component of diesel exhaust is a carcinogen, therefore a toxic air contaminant (TAC) subject to the state's Proposition 65. It is the declared intention of CARB not to ban or restrict diesel fuel, per se, at this time. Assuming no total ban, Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) explored two feasible ''mid-course'' strategies, each of which results in some degree of (conventional) diesel displacement. In the first case, with substantial displacement of compression ignition by spark ignition engines, diesel fuel is assumed admissible for ignition assistance as a pilot fuel in natural gas (NG)-powered heavy-duty vehicles. Gasoline demand in California increases by 32.2 million liters (8.5 million gallons) per day overall, about 21 percent above projected 2010 baseline demand. Natural gas demand increases by 13.6 million diesel liter (3.6 million gallon) equivalents per day, about 7 percent above projected (total) consumption level. In the second case, ressionignition engines utilize substitutes for petroleum-based diesel having similar ignition and performance properties. For each case we estimated localized air emission plus generalized greenhouse gas and energy changes. Fuel replacement by di-methyl ether yields the greatest overall reduction in NOx emissions, though all scenarios bring about PM10 reductions relative to the 2010 baseline, with greatest reductions from the first case described above and the least from fuel replacement by Fischer-Tropsch synthetic diesel. Economic implications of vehicle and engine replacement were not formally evaluated.

Christopher L. Saraicks; Donald M. Rote; Frank Stodolsky; James J. Eberhardt

2000-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

A Perspective on Long-Term Recovery Following the Fukushima Nuclear Accident - 12075  

SciTech Connect

The tragic events at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station began occurring on March 11, 2011, following Japan's unprecedented earthquake and tsunami. The subsequent loss of external power and on-site cooling capacity severely compromised the plant's safety systems, and subsequently, led to core melt in the affected reactors and damage to spent nuclear fuel in the storage pools. Together with hydrogen explosions, this resulted in a substantial release of radioactive material to the environment (mostly Iodine-131 and Cesium- 137), prompting an extensive evacuation effort. The latest release estimate places the event at the highest severity level (Level 7) on the International Nuclear Event Scale, the same as the Chernobyl accident of 1986. As the utility owner endeavored to stabilize the damaged facility, environmental contamination continued to propagate and affect every aspect of daily life in the affected region of Japan. Elevated levels of radioactivity (mostly dominated by Cs-137 with the passage of time) were found in soil, drinking water, vegetation, produce, seafood, and other foodstuffs. An estimated 80,000 to 90,000 people were evacuated; more evacuations are being contemplated months after the accident, and a vast amount of land has become contaminated. Early actions were taken to ban the shipment and sale of contaminated food and drinking water, followed by later actions to ban the shipment and sale of contaminated beef, mushrooms, and seafood. As the event continues to evolve toward stabilization, the long-term recovery effort needs to commence - a process that doubtless will involve rather complex decision-making interactions between various stakeholders. Key issues that may be encountered and considered in such a process include (1) socio-political factors, (2) local economic considerations, (3) land use options, (4) remediation approaches, (5) decontamination methods, (6) radioactive waste management, (7) cleanup levels and options, and (8) government policies, among others. This paper offers a perspective on this likely long and arduous journey toward establishing a 'new normal' that will ultimately take shape. Toward this end, it is important to evaluate the 'optimization' process advocated by the international community in achieving long-term recovery from this particularly fateful event in Fukushima. In the process, experience and lessons learned from past events will be fully evaluated and considered. (author)

Chen, S.Y. [Environmental Science Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL (United States)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Annual Energy Outlook 2000 - Legislation & Regulations  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

leg_reg.gif (4810 bytes) Climate Change Action Plan Comprehensive Electricity Competition Act Tier 2 Vehicle Emissions and Gasoline Sulfur Standards California Ban of Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether Low-Emission Vehicle Program Introduction Because analyses by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) are required to be policy-neutral, the projections in this Annual Energy Outlook 2000 (AEO2000) are based on Federal, State, and local laws and regulations in effect on July 1, 1999. The potential impacts of pending or proposed legislation, regulations, and standards and sections of existing legislation for which funds have not been appropriated are not reflected in the projections. Federal legislation incorporated in the projections includes the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1993, which adds 4.3 cents per gallon to the Federal tax on highway fuels [1]; the National Appliance Energy Conservation Act of 1987; the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 (CAAA90); the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (EPACT); the Outer Continental Shelf Deep Water Royalty Relief Act of 1995; the Tax Payer Relief Act of 1997; and the Federal Highway Bill of 1998, which includes an extension of the ethanol tax credit. AEO2000 assumes the continuation of the ethanol tax credit through 2020.

408

Natural Gas Weekly Update  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

22, 2001 22, 2001 The spot price at the Henry Hub finished the week at $2.34 per MMBtu, or just 3 cents above its level the previous Friday. On the NYMEX, the futures contract for November delivery ended the week over a quarter of a dollar higher than the previous Friday, at $2.681 per MMBtu. Despite a brief 2-day cold snap, temperatures across the Lower 48 States were relatively mild. Although some unseasonably cooler temperatures were seen from the Gulf Coast into the Mid-continent, even there average temperatures for the week generally were 50 degrees or more. (See Temperature Map) (See Deviation Map) On October 12 the Coast Guard lifted the ban on liquefied natural gas (LNG) tankers' use of Boston harbor to reach Distrigas of Massachusetts' import facility, helping to alleviate concerns about winter supply in New England. The spot price for West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil fell by 10 percent on Tuesday, October 16, dropping to $20.05 per barrel. By Friday, WTI had recovered two thirds of the decrease, ending the week at $21.85 per barrel, or $3.77 per MMBtu.

409

Cisco Systems Funds "Whisker" Growth Research at the ALS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cisco Systems Funds "Whisker" Growth Cisco Systems Funds "Whisker" Growth Research at the ALS Cisco Systems Funds "Whisker" Growth Research at the ALS Print Friday, 09 November 2012 10:06 Lead-free components have been increasingly used in electronics manufacturing since the European Union passed its 2003 Restriction of Hazardous Substances Directive (RoHS), which banned the use of certain hazardous materials in electrical and electronic equipment. To ensure the long-term reliability of mission-critical equipment such as networking hardware, a significant amount of research and development must be undertaken by the industry to ensure lead-free (Pb-free) metallurgies are sufficiently reliable. One of the unique reliability issues associated with electroplated Pb-free lead finishes [typically pure tin (Sn) or high-Sn alloys] is the growth of "whiskers," which is the spontaneous growth of long filament-like grains on the leads, or "legs," of electronic components. If the growth of these whiskers is not controlled, shorting between the lead can occur and thus cause system failures.

410

Trends in On-Road Vehicle Emissions of Ammonia  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Trends in On-Road Vehicle Emissions of Ammonia Trends in On-Road Vehicle Emissions of Ammonia Title Trends in On-Road Vehicle Emissions of Ammonia Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2008 Authors Kean, Andrew J., David Littlejohn, George Ban-Weiss, Robert A. Harley, Thomas W. Kirchstetter, and Melissa M. Lunden Journal Atmospheric Environment Abstract Motor vehicle emissions of ammonia have been measured at a California highway tunnel in the San Francisco Bay area. Between 1999 and 2006, light-duty vehicle ammonia emissions decreased by 38 ± 6%, from 640 ± 40 to 400 ± 20 mg kg-1. High time resolution measurements of ammonia made in summer 2001 at the same location indicate a minimum in ammonia emissions correlated with slower-speed driving conditions. Variations in ammonia emission rates track changes in carbon monoxide more closely than changes in nitrogen oxides, especially during later evening hours when traffic speeds are highest. Analysis of remote sensing data of Burgard et al. (Environ Sci. Technol. 2006, 40, 7018-7022) indicates relationships between ammonia and vehicle model year, nitrogen oxides, and carbon monoxide. Ammonia emission rates from diesel trucks were difficult to measure in the tunnel setting due to the large contribution to ammonia concentrations in a mixed-traffic bore that were assigned to light-duty vehicle emissions. Nevertheless, it is clear that heavy-duty diesel trucks are a minor source of ammonia emissions compared to light-duty gasoline vehicles.

411

Hole in the ozone layer?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Hole in the ozone layer? Hole in the ozone layer? Name: Kelley Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: N/A Question: Is there really a hole in the ozone layer? Replies: That depends on what one means by a "hole". There is a thinning of the layer that is particularly severe during certain seasons at the poles. But the ozone layer is thinning most everywhere. The thinning around the south pole of earth is particularly stunning, and has been referred to as a hole even though some ozone still exists there, it is much less concentrated. As you may know, this ozone destruction is probably due to human release of pollutants such as clorofluorocarbons (CFCs) an due to natural sources such as chemicals from volcanic eruptions. CFCs are used is cooling systems such as refrigerators and air conditioning. There is an international agreement to phase out the use of these destructive chemicals but they won't be banned entirely for years for fears of losing money. Meanwhile the ozone layer thins and we are exposed to increasingly higher doses of cancer causing radiation

412

Measurement of Black Carbon and Particle Number Emission Factors from  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Measurement of Black Carbon and Particle Number Emission Factors from Measurement of Black Carbon and Particle Number Emission Factors from Individual Heavy-Duty Trucks Title Measurement of Black Carbon and Particle Number Emission Factors from Individual Heavy-Duty Trucks Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2009 Authors Ban-Weiss, George, Melissa M. Lunden, Thomas W. Kirchstetter, and Robert A. Harley Journal Environmental Science and Technology Abstract Emission factors for black carbon (BC) and particle number (PN) were measured from 226 individual heavy-duty (HD) diesel-fueled trucks driving through a 1 km-long California highway tunnel in August 2006. Emission factors were based on concurrent increases in BC, PN, and COB2B concentrations (measured at 1 Hz) that corresponded to the passage of individual HD trucks. The distributions of BC and PN emission factors from individual HD trucks are skewed, meaning that a large fraction of pollution comes from a small fraction of the in-use vehicle fleet. The highest-emitting 10% of trucks were

413

R. S. Driof, Process Demlopnant Dranch, Production Division  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

S. Driof, Process Demlopnant Dranch, S. Driof, Process Demlopnant Dranch, Production Division 7 i 7; I; $ " k>JSTI'IC AT TIE Cif~iICAL CCNSTXICTIOS COXi'O+TIO:? P$IX)T PIGIT-JUL'I 31, 19% Chemico ban fouzd tw proossses, b&h involving the initial H2SOl lwc:?, sutisfoctory. On.3 process (rerun) produces a U-Cu precipitate r&ich is ralsachad; the U and Cu can ba s+paratzd by various nothods. The second process (sts~~~ise) ?rucipitn?es co?ps~ and thee uranium. &j- ditioml 1abnretorJ xork is being dona so that thase processas cm b4 coa>c'r3d uooixmically. Discussion Kcrssru. Dvshor, ?icksns, Trincs, Snrkssian, and Atkins of Chonico and %assrs. Rridf and Coddo of the AEC mt at tha Linden Pilot Plaflt m july 31 to reviaw tha most recer,t dvvnloPnant work pcrfomad by tha

414

Evaluation of HFC-245ca for commercial use in low pressure chillers. Final report, Volume I  

SciTech Connect

Federal regulations banned the production of CFC-11 on January 1, 1996. HCFC-123, the only commercial alternative, will be limited to service applications after January 1, 2020 and will be eliminated from production on January 1, 2030. HFC-245ca has been identified as a potential replacement for CFC-11 in retrofit applications and for HCFC-123 in new chillers, but the marginal flammability of HFC-245ca is a major obstacle to its commercial use as a refrigerant in the United States. This report assesses the commercial viability of HFC-245ca based on its experimental performance in a direct drive low pressure centrifugal chiller exclusive of its flammability characteristics. Three different impeller diameters were tested in the chiller, with all impellers having identical discharge blade angles. Experimental work included tests in a 200 ton 3 stage direct drive chiller with 3 impeller sets properly sized for each of three refrigerants, CFC-11, HCFC-123, and HFC-245ca. The commercial viability assessment focused on both retrofit and new product performance and cost.

Keuper, E.F. [Trane Co., LaCrosse, WI (United States)] [Trane Co., LaCrosse, WI (United States)

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Fission Product Ratios as Treaty Monitoring Discriminants  

SciTech Connect

The International Monitoring System (IMS) of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO) is currently under construction. The IMS is intended for monitoring of nuclear explosions. The radionuclide branch of the IMS monitors the atmosphere for short-lived radioisotopes indicative of a nuclear weapon test, and includes field collection and measurement stations, as well as laboratories to provide reanalysis of the most important samples and a quality control function. The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in Richland, Washington hosts the United States IMS laboratory, with the designation RL16. Since acute reactor containment failures and chronic reactor leakage may also produce similar isotopes, it is tempting to compute ratios of detected isotopes to determine the relevance of an event to the treaty or agreement in question. In this paper we will note several shortcomings of simple isotopic ratios: (1) fractionation of different chemical species, (2) difficulty in comparing isotopes within a single element, (3) the effect of unknown decay times. While these shortcomings will be shown in the light of an aerosol sample, several of the problems extend to xenon isotopic ratios. The result of the difficulties listed above is that considerable human expertise will be required to convert a simple mathematical ratio into a criterion which will reliably categorize an event as reactor or weapon.

Miley, Harry S.; Bowyer, Ted W.; Greenwood, Lawrence R.; Arthur, Richard J.

2008-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

416

LSST: from Science Drivers to Reference Design and Anticipated Data Products  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe the most ambitious survey currently planned in the visible band, the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST). The LSST design is driven by four main science themes: probing dark energy and dark matter, taking an inventory of the Solar System, exploring the transient optical sky, and mapping the Milky Way. LSST will be a large, wide-field ground-based system designed to obtain multiple images covering the sky that is visible from Cerro Pachon in Northern Chile. The current baseline design, with an 8.4m (6.5m effective) primary mirror, a 9.6 sq. deg. field of view, and a 3.2 Gigapixel camera, will allow about 10,000 sq.deg. of sky to be covered using pairs of 15-second exposures in two photometric bands every three nights on average, with typical 5-sigma depth for point sources of r=24.5. The system is designed to yield high image quality as well as superb astrometric and photometric accuracy. The survey area will include 30,000 sq.deg with delta<+34.5, and will be imaged multiple times in six ban...

Ivezic, Z; Allsman, R; Andrew, J; Angel, R; Axelrod, T; Barr, J D; Becker, A C; Becla, J; Beldica, C; Blandford, R D; Brandt, W N; Bullock, J S; Burke, D L; Chandrasekharan, S; Chesley, S; Claver, C F; Connolly, A; Cook, K H; Cooray, A R; Cribbs, C; Cutri, R; Daues, G; Delgado, F; Ferguson, H; Geary, J C; Gee, P; Gilmore, D K; Gressler, W J; Hogan, C; Huffer, M E; Jacoby, S H; Jain, B; Jernigan, J G; Jones, R L; Juric, M; Kahn, S M; Singh-Kalirai, J; Kantor, J P; Kirkby, D; Knox, L; Krabbendam, V L; Krughoff, S; Kulkarni, S; Lambert, R; Levine, D; Liang, M; Lim, K T; Lupton, R H; Marshall, P; Marshall, S; May, M; Miller, M; Mills, D J; Monet, D G; Neill, D R; Nordby, M; O'Connor, P; Oliver, J; Olivier, S S; Owen, R E; Peterson, J R; Petry, C E; Pierfederici, F; Pietrowicz, S; Pike, R; Pinto, P A; Plante, R; Radeka, V; Rasmussen, A; Rosing, W; Saha, A; Schalk, T L; Schindler, R H; Schneider, D P; Schumacher, G; Sebag, J; Seppala, L G; Shipsey, I; Silvestri, N; Smith, J A; Smith, R C; Strauss, M A; Stubbs, C W; Sweeney, D; Szalay, A; Thaler, J J; Vanden Berk, D; Warner, M; Willman, B; Wittman, D; Wolff, S C; Wood-Vasey, W M; Zhan, H

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Acoustic-gravity waves in ocean and atmosphere generated by an underwater source  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Air-water interface becomes anomalously transparent and the power flux in the wave transmitted into the air increases dramatically when a compact sound source in water approaches the interface within a fraction of wavelength [O.A. Godin Phys. Rev. Lett. 97 164301 (2006)]. The anomalous transparency of the ocean-atmosphere interface has important implications for detection of underwater explosions and monitoring of compliance with the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty. At wave frequencies below 0.1 Hz it becomes necessary to take gravity into account. Then fluid buoyancy and compressibility simultaneously serve as restoring forces and mechanical perturbations in the water and in the air propagate as acoustic-gravity waves (AGW). It was previously shown [I. Fuks and O.A. Godin Proc. OCEANS'11 MTS/IEEE Kona HI Sept. 2011] that in the case of a shallow source in an ocean of an infinite depth a sharp peak in the power flux into air appears at frequencies close to a cutoff frequency of about 4mHz of a surfaceacoustic-gravity wave. In this paper we extend these results to the ocean of a finite depth where the AGWs interact with an elastic bottom.

Iosif Fuks; Oleg A. Godin

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Preliminary analysis of the International Data Centre pipeline.  

SciTech Connect

The International Data Centre of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization relies on automatic data processing as the first step in identifying seismic events from seismic waveform data. However, more than half of the automatically identified seismic events are eliminated by IDC analysts. Here, an IDC dataset is analyzed to determine if the number of automatically generated false positives could be reduced. Data that could be used to distinguish false positives from analyst-accepted seismic events includes the number of stations, the number of phases, the signal-to-noise ratio, and the pick error. An empirical method is devised to determine whether an automatically identified seismic event is acceptable, and the method is found to identify a significant number of the false positives in IDC data. This work could help reduce seismic analyst workload and could help improve the calibration of seismic monitoring stations. This work could also be extended to address identification of seismic events missed by automatic processing.

Gauthier, John Henry

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

NetMOD version 1.0 user%3CU%2B2019%3Es manual.  

SciTech Connect

NetMOD (Network Monitoring for Optimal Detection) is a Java-based software package for conducting simulation of seismic networks. Specifically, NetMOD simulates the detection capabilities of seismic monitoring networks. Network simulations have long been used to study network resilience to station outages and to determine where additional stations are needed to reduce monitoring thresholds. NetMOD makes use of geophysical models to determine the source characteristics, signal attenuation along the path between the source and station, and the performance and noise properties of the station. These geophysical models are combined to simulate the relative amplitudes of signal and noise that are observed at each of the stations. From these signal-to-noise ratios (SNR), the probability of detection can be computed given a detection threshold. This manual describes how to configure and operate NetMOD to perform seismic detection simulations. In addition, NetMOD is distributed with a simulation dataset for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO) International Monitoring System (IMS) seismic network for the purpose of demonstrating NetMOD's capabilities and providing user training. The tutorial sections of this manual use this dataset when describing how to perform the steps involved when running a simulation.

Merchant, Bion John

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Acoustic detection and long-term monitoring of pygmy blue whales over the continental slope in southwest Australia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A 9-yr dataset of continuous sea noise recording made at the Cape Leeuwin station of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty hydroacoustic network in 20022010 was processed to detect calls from pygmy blue whales and to analyze diel seasonal and interannual variations in their vocal activity. Because the conventional spectrogram correlation method for recognizing whale calls in sea noise resulted in a too high false detection rate alternative algorithms were tested and the most robust one applied to the multi-year dataset. The detection method was based on multivariate classification using two spectrogram features of transients in sea noise and Fisher's linear discriminant which provided a misclassification rate of approximately 1% for missed and false detections at moderate sensitivity settings. An analysis of the detection results revealed a consistent seasonal pattern in the whale presence and considerable interannual changes with a steady increase in the number of calls detected in 20022006. An apparent diel pattern of whales' vocal activity was also observed. The acoustic detection range for pygmy blue whales was estimated to vary from about 50?km to nearly 200?km from the Cape Leeuwin station depending on the ambient noise level source level and azimuth to a vocalizing whale.

Alexander N. Gavrilov; Robert D. McCauley

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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421

CTBT Integrated Verification System Evaluation Model  

SciTech Connect

Sandia National Laboratories has developed a computer based model called IVSEM (Integrated Verification System Evaluation Model) to estimate the performance of a nuclear detonation monitoring system. The IVSEM project was initiated in June 1994, by Sandia`s Monitoring Systems and Technology Center and has been funded by the US Department of Energy`s Office of Nonproliferation and National Security (DOE/NN). IVSEM is a simple, top-level, modeling tool which estimates the performance of a Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) monitoring system and can help explore the impact of various sensor system concepts and technology advancements on CTBT monitoring. One of IVSEM`s unique features is that it integrates results from the various CTBT sensor technologies (seismic, infrasound, radionuclide, and hydroacoustic) and allows the user to investigate synergy among the technologies. Specifically, IVSEM estimates the detection effectiveness (probability of detection) and location accuracy of the integrated system and of each technology subsystem individually. The model attempts to accurately estimate the monitoring system`s performance at medium interfaces (air-land, air-water) and for some evasive testing methods such as seismic decoupling. This report describes version 1.2 of IVSEM.

Edenburn, M.W.; Bunting, M.L.; Payne, A.C. Jr.

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Proceedings of the 2009 Monitoring Research Review: Ground-Based Nuclear Explosion Monitoring Technologies  

SciTech Connect

These proceedings contain papers prepared for the Monitoring Research Review 2009: Ground -Based Nuclear Explosion Monitoring Technologies, held 21-23 September, 2009 in Tucson, Arizona,. These papers represent the combined research related to ground-based nuclear explosion monitoring funded by the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL), US Army Space and Missile Defense Command, Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO), and other invited sponsors. The scientific objectives of the research are to improve the United States capability to detect, locate, and identify nuclear explosions. The purpose of the meeting is to provide the sponsoring agencies, as well as potential users, an opportunity to review research accomplished during the preceding year and to discuss areas of investigation for the coming year. For the researchers, it provides a forum for the exchange of scientific information toward achieving program goals, and an opportunity to discuss results and future plans. Paper topics include: seismic regionalization and calibration; detection and location of sources; wave propagation from source to receiver; the nature of seismic sources, including mining practices; hydroacoustic, infrasound, and radionuclide methods; on-site inspection; and data processing.

Wetovsky, Marv A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Aguilar - Chang, Julio [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Anderson, Dale [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Arrowsmith, Marie [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Arrowsmith, Stephen [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Baker, Diane [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Begnaud, Michael [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Harste, Hans [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Maceira, Monica [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Patton, Howard [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Phillips, Scott [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Randall, George [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Rowe, Charlotte [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Stead, Richard [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Steck, Lee [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Whitaker, Rod [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Yang, Xiaoning ( David ) [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

423

Demonstration of base catalyzed decomposition process, Navy Public Works Center, Guam, Mariana Islands  

SciTech Connect

Base Catalyzed Decomposition (BCD) is a chemical dehalogenation process designed for treating soils and other substrate contaminated with polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB), pesticides, dioxins, furans, and other hazardous organic substances. PCBs are heavy organic liquids once widely used in industry as lubricants, heat transfer oils, and transformer dielectric fluids. In 1976, production was banned when PCBs were recognized as carcinogenic substances. It was estimated that significant quantities (one billion tons) of U.S. soils, including areas on U.S. military bases outside the country, were contaminated by PCB leaks and spills, and cleanup activities began. The BCD technology was developed in response to these activities. This report details the evolution of the process, from inception to deployment in Guam, and describes the process and system components provided to the Navy to meet the remediation requirements. The report is divided into several sections to cover the range of development and demonstration activities. Section 2.0 gives an overview of the project history. Section 3.0 describes the process chemistry and remediation steps involved. Section 4.0 provides a detailed description of each component and specific development activities. Section 5.0 details the testing and deployment operations and provides the results of the individual demonstration campaigns. Section 6.0 gives an economic assessment of the process. Section 7.0 presents the conclusions and recommendations form this project. The appendices contain equipment and instrument lists, equipment drawings, and detailed run and analytical data.

Schmidt, A.J.; Freeman, H.D.; Brown, M.D.; Zacher, A.H.; Neuenschwander, G.N.; Wilcox, W.A.; Gano, S.R. [Pacific Northwest National Lab., Richland, WA (United States)] [Pacific Northwest National Lab., Richland, WA (United States); Kim, B.C.; Gavaskar, A.R. [Battelle Columbus Div., OH (United States)] [Battelle Columbus Div., OH (United States)

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Data Quality Objectives for Regulatory Requirements for Dangerous Waste Sampling and Analysis  

SciTech Connect

This document describes sampling and analytical requirements needed to meet state and federal regulations for dangerous waste (DW). The River Protection Project (RPP) is assigned to the task of storage and interim treatment of hazardous waste. Any final treatment or disposal operations, as well as requirements under the land disposal restrictions (LDRs), fall in the jurisdiction of another Hanford organization and are not part of this scope. The requirements for this Data Quality Objective (DQO) Process were developed using the RPP Data Quality Objective Procedure (Banning 1996), which is based on the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) Guidance for the Data Quality Objectives Process (EPA 1994). Hereafter, this document is referred to as the DW DQO. Federal and state laws and regulations pertaining to waste contain requirements that are dependent upon the composition of the waste stream. These regulatory drivers require that pertinent information be obtained. For many requirements, documented process knowledge of a waste composition can be used instead of analytical data to characterize or designate a waste. When process knowledge alone is used to characterize a waste, it is a best management practice to validate the information with analytical measurements.

MULKEY, C.H.

1999-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

425

Proceedings of the 2011 Monitoring Research Review: Ground-Based Nuclear Explosion Monitoring Technologies  

SciTech Connect

These proceedings contain papers prepared for the Monitoring Research Review 2011: Ground-Based Nuclear Explosion Monitoring Technologies, held 13-15 September, 2011 in Tucson, Arizona. These papers represent the combined research related to ground-based nuclear explosion monitoring funded by the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA), Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL), US Army Space and Missile Defense Command, Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO), National Science Foundation (NSF), and other invited sponsors. The scientific objectives of the research are to improve the United States' capability to detect, locate, and identify nuclear explosions. The purpose of the meeting is to provide the sponsoring agencies, as well as potential users, an opportunity to review research accomplished during the preceding year and to discuss areas of investigation for the coming year. For the researchers, it provides a forum for the exchange of scientific information toward achieving program goals, and an opportunity to discuss results and future plans. Paper topics include: seismic regionalization and calibration; detection and location of sources; wave propagation from source to receiver; the nature of seismic sources, including mining practices; hydroacoustic, infrasound, and radionuclide methods; on-site inspection; and data processing.

Wetovsky, Marvin A. [Editor; Patterson, Eileen F. [Editor; Sandoval, Marisa N. [Editor

2011-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

426

Proceedings of the 2010 Monitoring Research Review: Ground-Based Nuclear Explosion Monitoring Technologies  

SciTech Connect

These proceedings contain papers prepared for the Monitoring Research Review 2010: Ground-Based Nuclear Explosion Monitoring Technologies, held 21-23 September, 2010 in Orlando, Florida,. These papers represent the combined research related to ground-based nuclear explosion monitoring funded by the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL), US Army Space and Missile Defense Command, National Science Foundation (NSF), Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO), and other invited sponsors. The scientific objectives of the research are to improve the United States capability to detect, locate, and identify nuclear explosions. The purpose of the meeting is to provide the sponsoring agencies, as well as potential users, an opportunity to review research accomplished during the preceding year and to discuss areas of investigation for the coming year. For the researchers, it provides a forum for the exchange of scientific information toward achieving program goals, and an opportunity to discuss results and future plans. Paper topics include: seismic regionalization and calibration; detection and location of sources; wave propagation from source to receiver; the nature of seismic sources, including mining practices; hydroacoustic, infrasound, and radionuclide methods; on-site inspection; and data processing.

Wetovsky, Marvin A. [Editor; Patterson, Eileen F. [Editor

2010-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

427

Polychlorinated biphenyls in coastal tropical ecosystems: Distribution, fate and risk assessment  

SciTech Connect

Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) though banned still find use in most developing countries including Ghana. PCB congener residues in sediments in the coastal regions of Ghana were determined. Sediment samples (n=80) were collected between June 2008 and March 2009, extracted by the continuous soxhlet extraction using (1:1) hexane-acetone mixture for 24 h and analyzed with a CP 3800 gas chromatogram equipped with {sup 65}Ni electron capture detector (GC-ECD) and a mixed PCBs standard of the ICES 7 as marker, after clean-up. Validation of the efficiency and precision of the extraction and analytical methods were done by extracting samples spiked with 2 ppm ICES PCB standard and a certified reference material 1941b for marine sediments from NIST, USA, and analyzed alongside the samples. Total PCBs detected in sediments during the dry and wet seasons were, respectively, 127 and 112 {mu}g/kg dry weight (dw), with a mean concentration of 120 {mu}g/kg (dw). The composition of PCB homologues in the sediments were dominated by tri-, penta- and tetra-PCBs. There was no correlation between organic carbon (OC) of the sediments and total PCBs content. Risk assessments conducted on the levels indicated that PCB levels in sediments along the coastal region of Ghana poses no significant health risk to humans.

Dodoo, D.K. [Department of Chemistry, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast (Ghana)] [Department of Chemistry, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast (Ghana); Essumang, D.K., E-mail: kofiessumang@yahoo.com [Department of Chemistry, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast (Ghana); Jonathan, J.W.A.; Bentum, J.K. [Department of Chemistry, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast (Ghana)] [Department of Chemistry, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast (Ghana)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

428

Industries vary approaches to preventing pollution in wastewater  

SciTech Connect

In wastewater management, various efforts considered to be pollution prevention activities technically fall under EPA's definition of waste minimization, which is one step below source reduction in the agency's pollution prevention hierarchy. EPA defines waste minimization as an umbrella term that includes the first two categories--source reduction and recycling--of its preferred hazardous waste management strategy. Because industrial processes vary, no particular technology can be used across the board to reduce the amount of wastewater generated or hazardous materials present in wastewater. Companies tend to implement the easiest and most cost-effective pollution-prevention processes first, according to Nellor. They then evolve to source-reduction activities, in response to other dynamics, such as product bans. True pollution prevention strategies are being required in some cases. The Clean Air Act Amendments mandate a unilateral production phase-out of ozone-depleting compounds by 1995. To beat this deadline, companies are phasing in use of environmentally-sound cleaning solutions to reduce volatile organic compounds in wastewater effluent.

Kratch, K.

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Validating the Melusine Gamma Spectroscopy Tool  

SciTech Connect

This technical report describes testing to evaluate the gamma spectroscopy tool, Melusine, under development by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. The goal was to verify that the software can successfully be used to provide accurate results and statistical uncertainties for the detection of isotopes of interest and their activities. Of special interest were spectra similar to those produced by radionuclide stations that contribute to the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty Organizations International Monitoring System. Two data sets were used to test Melusines capabilities. The first was the result of a multi-lab calibration effort based on neutron activations produced at the University of California at Davis. The second was taken from the Proficiency Test Exercises conducted by the CTBTO directly in 2005. In 37 of 42 cases, Melusine produced results in agreement with the best answer presently available, in most cases with calculated uncertainties comparable to or better than competing analyses. In fact, Melusine technically provided one more result than CTBTOs PTE analyses that agreed with the book answer (Monte Carlo simulation). Despite these promising results, the Melusine software is still under development. Effort is especially needed to simplify its analysis process, improve stability, and provide user documentation. Some significant analysis tasks require further vetting, such as those to address summing effects. However, our test results indicate that Melusines calculations as presently implemented are sound and can be used to reliably analyze spectra from the CTBTOs radionuclide stations.

Erikson, Luke E.; Keillor, Martin E.; Stavenger, Timothy J.

2013-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

430

Sandia technology. Volume 13, number 2 Special issue : verification of arms control treaties.  

SciTech Connect

Nuclear deterrence, a cornerstone of US national security policy, has helped prevent global conflict for over 40 years. The DOE and DoD share responsibility for this vital part of national security. The US will continue to rely on nuclear deterrence for the foreseeable future. In the late 1950s, Sandia developed satellite-borne nuclear burst detection systems to support the treaty banning atmospheric nuclear tests. This activity has continued to expand and diversify. When the Non-Proliferation Treaty was ratified in 1970, we began to develop technologies to protect nuclear materials from falling into unauthorized hands. This program grew and now includes systems for monitoring the movement and storage of nuclear materials, detecting tampering, and transmiting sensitive data securely. In the late 1970s, negotiations to further limit underground nuclear testing were being actively pursued. In less than 18 months, we fielded the National Seismic Station, an unattended observatory for in-country monitoring of nuclear tests. In the mid-l980s, arms-control interest shifted to facility monitoring and on-site inspection. Our Technical On-site Inspection Facility is the national test bed for perimeter and portal monitoring technology and the prototype for the inspection portal that was recently installed in the USSR under the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces accord. The articles in the special issue of Sundiu Technology describe some of our current contributions to verification technology. This work supports the US policy to seek realistic arms control agreements while maintaining our national security.

Not Available

1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Estimates of Radioxenon Released from Southern Hemisphere Medical isotope Production Facilities Using Measured Air Concentrations and Atmospheric Transport Modeling  

SciTech Connect

Abstract The International Monitoring System (IMS) of the Comprehensive-Nuclear-Test-Ban-Treaty monitors the atmosphere for radioactive xenon leaking from underground nuclear explosions. Emissions from medical isotope production represent a challenging background signal when determining whether measured radioxenon in the atmosphere is associated with a nuclear explosion prohibited by the treaty. The Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation (ANSTO) operates a reactor and medical isotope production facility in Lucas Heights, Australia. This study uses two years of release data from the ANSTO medical isotope production facility and Xe-133 data from three IMS sampling locations to estimate the annual releases of Xe-133 from medical isotope production facilities in Argentina, South Africa, and Indonesia. Atmospheric dilution factors derived from a global atmospheric transport model were used in an optimization scheme to estimate annual release values by facility. The annual releases of about 6.81014 Bq from the ANSTO medical isotope production facility are in good agreement with the sampled concentrations at these three IMS sampling locations. Annual release estimates for the facility in South Africa vary from 1.21016 to 2.51016 Bq and estimates for the facility in Indonesia vary from 6.11013 to 3.61014 Bq. Although some releases from the facility in Argentina may reach these IMS sampling locations, the solution to the objective function is insensitive to the magnitude of those releases.

Eslinger, Paul W.; Friese, Judah I.; Lowrey, Justin D.; McIntyre, Justin I.; Miley, Harry S.; Schrom, Brian T.

2014-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

432

LESSONS LEARNED IN AEROSOL MONITORING WITH THE RASA  

SciTech Connect

The Radionuclide Aerosol Sampler/Analyzer (RASA) is an automated aerosol collection and analysis system designed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) in the 1990's and is deployed in several locations around the world as part of the International Monitoring System (IMS) required under the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT). The RASA operates unattended, save for regularly scheduled maintenance, iterating samples through a three-step process on a 24-hour interval. In its 15-year history, much has been learned from the operation and maintenance of the RASA that can benefit engineering updates or future aerosol systems. On 11 March 2011, a 9.0 magnitude earthquake and tsunami rocked the eastern coast of Japan, resulting in power loss and cooling failures at the Daiichi nuclear power plants in Fukushima Prefecture. Aerosol collections were conducted with the RASA in Richland, WA. We present a summary of the lessons learned over the history of the RASA, including lessons taken from the Fukushima incident, regarding the RASA IMS stations operated by the United States.

Forrester, Joel B.; Bowyer, Ted W.; Carty, Fitz; Comes, Laura; Eslinger, Paul W.; Greenwood, Lawrence R.; Haas, Derek A.; Hayes, James C.; Kirkham, Randy R.; Lepel, Elwood A.; Litke, Kevin E.; Miley, Harry S.; Morris, Scott J.; Schrom, Brian T.; Van Davelaar, Peter; Woods, Vincent T.

2011-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

433

Production of 37Ar in The University of Texas TRIGA reactor facility  

SciTech Connect

The detection of {sup 37}Ar is important for on-site inspections for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty monitoring. In an underground nuclear explosion this radionuclide is produced by {sup 40}Ca(n,{alpha}){sup 37}Ar reaction in surrounding soil and rock. With a half-life of 35 days, {sup 37}Ar provides a signal useful for confirming the location of an underground nuclear event. An ultra-low-background proportional counter developed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory is used to detect {sup 37}Ar, which decays via electron capture. The irradiation of Ar gas at natural enrichment in the 3L facility within the Mark II TRIGA reactor facility at The University of Texas at Austin provides a source of {sup 37}Ar for the calibration of the detector. The {sup 41}Ar activity is measured by the gamma activity using an HPGe detector after the sample is removed from the core. Using the {sup 41}Ar/{sup 37}Ar production ratio and the {sup 41}Ar activity, the amount of {sup 37}Ar created is calculated. The {sup 41}Ar decays quickly (half-life of 109.34 minutes) leaving a radioactive sample of high purity {sup 37}Ar and only trace levels of {sup 39}Ar.

Egnatuk, Christine M.; Lowrey, Justin; Biegalski, S.; Bowyer, Ted W.; Haas, Derek A.; Orrell, John L.; Woods, Vincent T.; Keillor, Martin E.

2011-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

434

Isotopic noble gas signatures released from medical isotope production facilities - Simulations and measurements  

SciTech Connect

Journal article on the role that radioxenon isotopes play in confirming whether or not an underground explosion was nuclear in nature. Radioxenon isotopes play a major role in confirming whether or not an underground explosion was nuclear in nature. It is then of key importance to understand the sources of environmental radioxenon to be able to distinguish civil sources from those of a nuclear explosion. Based on several years of measurements, combined with advanced atmospheric transport model results, it was recently shown that the main source of radioxenon observations are strong and regular batch releases from a very limited number of medical isotope production facilities. This paper reviews production processes in different medical isotope facilities during which radioxenon is produced. Radioxenon activity concentrations and isotopic compositions are calculated for six large facilities. The results are compared with calculated signals from nuclear explosions. Further, the outcome is compared and found to be consistent with radioxenon measurements recently performed in and around three of these facilities. Some anomalies in measurements in which {sup 131m}Xe was detected were found and a possible explanation is proposed. It was also calculated that the dose rate of the releases is well below regulatory values. Based on these results, it should be possible to better understand, interpret and verify signals measured in the noble gas measurement systems in the International Monitoring of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty.

Saey, Paul R.; Bowyer, Ted W.; Ringbom, Anders

2010-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

435

Household transitions to energy efficient lighting  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract New energy efficient lighting technologies can significantly reduce household electricity consumption, but adoption has been slow. A unique dataset of German households is used in this paper to examine the factors associated with the replacement of old incandescent lamps (ILs) with new energy efficient compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) and light emitting diodes (LEDs). The rebound effect of increased lamp luminosity in the transition to energy efficient bulbs is analyzed jointly with the replacement decision to account for household self-selection in bulb-type choice. Results indicate that the EU ban on \\{ILs\\} accelerated the pace of transition to \\{CFLs\\} and LEDs, while storage of bulbs significantly dampened the speed of the transition. Higher lighting needs and bulb attributes like energy efficiency, environmental friendliness, and durability spur IL replacement with \\{CFLs\\} or LEDs. Electricity gains from new energy efficient lighting are mitigated by 23% and 47% increases in luminosity for CFL and LED replacements, respectively. Model results suggest that taking the replacement bulb from storage and higher levels of education dampen the magnitude of these luminosity rebounds in IL to CFL transitions.

Bradford Mills; Joachim Schleich

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

The European Commission's light bulb decree: Another costly regulation?  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Since September 2009, Regulation 244/2009 of the European Commission enforces the gradual phase-out of incandescent light bulbs. As of September 2012, only energy-efficient lighting sources will be allowed for sale. Among these are halogen light bulbs, light-emitting diodes (LED), or compact fluorescent light bulbsoften referred to as energy-saving light bulbs. The Commission's justification for the phase-out of conventional light bulbs maintains that a reduction in the electricity consumed will not only lead to lower energy cost for private households and industrial consumers, but at the same time lead to a decrease in greenhouse gas emissions. This article discusses possible reasons for the slow market diffusion of energy-saving light bulbs and shows that the investment in energy-efficient light bulbs does not necessarily lead to significant cost reductions. Drawing on some illustrative examples, we demonstrate that the use of cheaper incandescent bulbs instead of energy-saving light bulbs can be economically rational in cases of rather low usage times, in which the higher initial purchasing price might only pay off after very long time spans. Furthermore, due to the coexistence with the European Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS), this regulation attains no additional emission reductions beyond those achieved by the ETS alone. We thus conclude that the general ban of incandescent light bulbs is inappropriate and should be abolished by the Commission.

Manuel Frondel; Steffen Lohmann

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

The Soviet program for peaceful uses of nuclear explosions. Revision 1  

SciTech Connect

An extensive review is given of the US and Russian efforts on peaceful uses of nuclear explosions (PNE). The Soviet PNE program was many times larger than the US Plowshare program in terms of both the number of applications explored with field experiments and the extent to which they were introduced into industrial use. Several PNE applications, such as deep seismic sounding and oil stimulation, have been explored in depth and appear to have had a positive cost benefit at minimal public risk. Closure of runaway gas wells is another possible application where all other techniques fail. However, the fundamental problem with PNEs is the fact that, if they are to be economically significant, there must be widespread use of the technology, involving large numbers of sites, each of which presents a potential source of radioactivity to the environment and nearby communities. Russia now has more than 100 sites where significant high-level radioactivity has been buried. Experience over the last 20 years in US and in today`s Russia shows that it is virtually impossible to gain public acceptance of such applications of nuclear energy. In addition, PNEs also pose a difficult problem in the arms control area. Under a comprehensive test ban, any country conducting PNEs would, in appearance if not in fact, receive information useful for designing new nuclear weapons or maintaining an existing nuclear stockpile, information denied to the other parties to the treaty. 6 tabs, 10 figs.

Nordyke, M.D.

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Historical PCB fluxes in the Mexico City Metropolitan Zone as evidenced by a sedimentary record from the Espejo de los Lirios lake  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The accumulation of \\{PCBs\\} over time was studied in a sediment core collected from Espejo de los Lirios, an ecological reserve located within the heart of Cuatitlan Izcalli, in the Northern part of Mexico City Metropolitan Zone. A 210Pb-derived chronology, was used to reconstruct the historical PCB fluxes to the site during ?84yr (191195). The highest input fluxes occurred in the 1977, after a significant increase after the late 1940s. This trend is clearly the consequence of the increasing emissions that are related to the onset of industrial activities starting from early 1970s. A phase of decrease, after the ban of the use in open systems, ended in 1989 and in 1995, at the time of sampling, the trend was toward a new increase to the highest levels. A reconstruction of PCB atmospheric concentration from sedimentary fluxes is attempted; and the estimate suggests that \\{PCBs\\} concentrations in the air of the Cuautitln Izcalli seem not of concern. Nonetheless, the contamination levels found in the sediments are relatively high, reaching values above the threshold effect level (TEL) guidelines and, in two cases, close to the probable effect level (PEL) which mean that some adverse effects on the fauna may have occurred all over the time interval represented by the core.

Rossano Piazza; Ana Carolina Ruiz-Fernndez; Mauro Frignani; Marco Vecchiato; Luca Giorgio Bellucci; Andrea Gambaro; Libia Hascibe Prez-Bernal; Federico Pez-Osuna

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Site action, environmental justice and an urban community: A unique approach at a Superfund site  

SciTech Connect

The US Environmental Protection Agency`s (EPA) project at the Diamond Alkali Superfund Site is an example of how technical, environmental justice, and community relations issues all affect actions at a Superfund Site. The Diamond Alkali Superfund Site is divided into two operable units. The site consists of the former pesticides manufacturing facility at 80 and 120 Lister Avenue in Newark, New Jersey, and the adjoining six mile reach of the Passaic River known as the ``Passaic River Study Area``. EPA has negotiated Consent Orders with the Potentially Responsible Party (PRP) to design and construct the selected containment remedy at the land-based properties, and to conduct the Remedial Investigation (RI) of the river under EPA oversight. Pesticides, dioxin, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), metals and other hazardous substances have been found at the Site. Evidence indicates that the ecology of the Passaic River has been adversely impacted by the presence of these hazardous substances. The State of New Jersey issued a ban on the consumption of fish and crabs from affected sections of the Passaic River; yet reportedly, many residents still consume seafood from the river. Community relations at the Site had deteriorated because of the community`s lack of trust and loss of confidence in EPA. To address these issues, EPA has implemented an innovative public outreach program to improve how it communicates with racial minority and low-income communities living in the vicinity of the Site, and to involve them in the decision-making process.

Seppi, P.K.; Richman, L.R. [Environmental Protection Agency, New York, NY (United States). Region II; Wireman, J.M. [ICF Kaiser Engineers, Inc., Edison, NJ (United States)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

440

CTBT on-site inspections  

SciTech Connect

On-site inspection (OSI) is a critical part of the verification regime for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT). The OSI verification regime provides for international inspectors to make a suite of measurements and observations on site at the location of an event of interest. The other critical component of the verification regime is the International Monitoring System (IMS), which is a globally distributed network of monitoring stations. The IMS along with technical monitoring data from CTBT member countries, as appropriate, will be used to trigger an OSI. After the decision is made to carry out an OSI, it is important for the inspectors to deploy to the field site rapidly to be able to detect short-lived phenomena such as the aftershocks that may be observable after an underground nuclear explosion. The inspectors will be on site from weeks to months and will be working with many tens of tons of equipment. Parts of the OSI regime will be tested in a field exercise in the country of Jordan late in 2014. The build-up of the OSI regime has been proceeding steadily since the CTBT was signed in 1996 and is on track to becoming a deterrent to someone considering conducting a nuclear explosion in violation of the Treaty.

Zucca, J. J. [Principal Deputy, Global Security Directorate, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California (United States)

2014-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rong ban kst" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Impending U.S. lighting standards will boost market for halogen-infrared lamps: New product line expanding  

SciTech Connect

Many of the incandescent floodlights and spotlights manufactured today will not meet lighting efficiency standards taking effect in the US in 1995. As these models cease production, demand will grow for higher efficiency units to fill this huge market, which now totals about 100 million lamps per year. One prime contender is a new class of halogen lamps that use a spectrally selective coating to reflect heat back onto the filament, reducing the amount of electricity needed to generate light. GE Lighting`s Halogen-IR line is the only series of such lamps currently available to replace the conventional floodlights and spotlights that will be banned by the new standards. Other manufacturers may adopt the technology, however, and the Japanese producer Ushio already sells in the US a line of smaller halogen lamps with a similar heat-reflective coating. In terms of efficacy and lifetime, Halogen-IR lamps out perform standard incandescents and standard halogens, but fall far short of fluorescent, metal halide, and high-pressure sodium sources. These other lighting systems are more appropriate and cost-effective than incandescents for many ambient lighting applications. For accent lighting and other tasks that are best suited to incandescent lighting, however, the Halogen-IR lamp is often a superior choice.

Sardinsky, R.; Shepard, M.

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

442

New Horizons and New Strategies in Arms Control  

SciTech Connect

In the last ten years, since the break-up of the Soviet Union, remarkable progress in arms control and disarmament has occurred. The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), the completion of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT), and the Chemical Weapons Treaty (CWC) are indicative of the great strides made in the non- proliferation arena. Simultaneously, the Intermediate Nuclear Forces Treaty (INF), the Conventional Forces Treaty in Europe (CFE), and the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaties (START), all associated with US-Soviet Union (now Russia) relations have assisted in redefining European relations and the security landscape. Finally, it now appears that progress is in the offing in developing enhanced compliance measures for the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention (BTWC). In sum, all of these achievements have set the stage for the next round of arms control activities, which may lead to a much broader, and perhaps more diffused multilateral agenda. In this new and somewhat unpredictable international setting, arms control and disarmament issues will require solutions that are both more creative and innovative than heretofore.

Brown, J. editor

1998-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

443

Stockpile stewardship past, present, and future  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. National Academies released a report in 2012 on technical issues related to the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty. One important question addressed therein is whether the U.S. could maintain a safe, secure, and reliable nuclear-weapons stockpile in the absence of nuclear-explosion testing. Here we discuss two main conclusions from the 2012 Academies report, which we paraphrase as follows: 1) Provided that sufficient resources and a national commitment to stockpile stewardship are in place, the U.S. has the technical capabilities to maintain a safe, secure, and reliable stockpile of nuclear weapons into the foreseeable future without nuclear-explosion testing. 2) Doing this would require: a) a strong weapons science and engineering program that addresses gaps in understanding; b) an outstanding workforce that applies deep and broad weapons expertise to deliver solutions to stockpile problems; c) a vigorous, stable surveillance program that delivers the requisite data; d) production facilities that meet stewardship needs. We emphasize that these conclusions are independent of CTBT ratification-they apply provided only that the U.S. continues its nuclear-explosion moratorium.

Adams, Marvin L., E-mail: mladams@tamu.edu [Institute for National Security Education and Research, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843-3133 (United States)

2014-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

444

Proceedings of the 30th Monitoring Research Review: Ground-Based Nuclear Explosion Monitoring  

SciTech Connect

These proceedings contain papers prepared for the 30th Monitoring Research Review: Ground-Based Nuclear Explosion Monitoring Technologies, held 23-25 September, 2008 in Portsmouth, Virginia. These papers represent the combined research related to ground-based nuclear explosion monitoring funded by the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), Air Force Technical Applications Center (AFTAC), Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL), US Army Space and Missile Defense Command, Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO), and other invited sponsors. The scientific objectives of the research are to improve the United States capability to detect, locate, and identify nuclear explosions. The purpose of the meeting is to provide the sponsoring agencies, as well as potential users, an opportunity to review research accomplished during the preceding year and to discuss areas of investigation for the coming year. For the researchers, it provides a forum for the exchange of scientific information toward achieving program goals, and an opportunity to discuss results and future plans. Paper topics include: seismic regionalization and calibration; detection and location of sources; wave propagation from source to receiver; the nature of seismic sources, including mining practices; hydroacoustic, infrasound, and radionuclide methods; on-site inspection; and data processing.

Wetovsky, Marv A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Aguilar-chang, Julio [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Arrowsmith, Marie [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Arrowsmith, Stephen [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Baker, Diane [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Begnaud, Michael [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Harste, Hans [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Maceira, Monica [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Patton, Howard [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Phillips, Scott [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Randall, George [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Revelle, Douglas [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Rowe, Charlotte [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Stead, Richard [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Steck, Lee [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Whitaker, Rod [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Yang, Xiaoning [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2008-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

445

Evaluation of database technologies for the CTBT Knowledge Base prototype  

SciTech Connect

This document examines a number of different software technologies in the rapidly changing field of database management systems, evaluates these systems in light of the expected needs of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) Knowledge Base, and makes some recommendations for the initial prototypes of the Knowledge Base. The Knowledge Base requirements are examined and then used as criteria for evaluation of the database management options. A mock-up of the data expected in the Knowledge Base is used as a basis for examining how four different database technologies deal with the problems of storing and retrieving the data. Based on these requirement and the results of the evaluation, the recommendation is that the Illustra database be considered for the initial prototype of the Knowledge Base. Illustra offers a unique blend of performance, flexibility, and features that will aid in the implementation of the prototype. At the same time, Illustra provides a high level of compatibility with the hardware and software environments present at the US NDC (National Data Center) and the PIDC (Prototype International Data Center).

Keyser, R.; Shepard-Dombroski, E.; Baur, D.; Hipp, J.; Moore, S.; Young, C.; Chael, E.

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Localization of Antarctic ice breaking events by frequency dispersion of the signals received at a single hydroacoustic station in the Indian Ocean  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Transient acoustic signals from Antarctic icecracking and breaking events featuring significant frequency dispersion were observed at the hydroacoustic stations deployed in the Indian Ocean as part of the International Monitoring System(IMS) of the Comprehensive Nuclear?Test?Ban Treaty. Based on a comparison with numerical predictions the measured dispersion characteristics were used to estimate the range between ice events and the receiver. Combined with the bearing capability of the IMS stations these estimates allow us to locate ice events from a single hydroacoustic station. An analysis of range estimation errors due to uncertainty of the measured time?frequency structure of signal arrivals and due to variations of the sound speed profiles was also conducted. The analysis showed that the location accuracy from a single hydroacoustic station for the typical ice events was of the same order as that determined from an intersection of bearings from two remote stations if the signal frequency bandwidth is as wide as at least 5 Hz and lies within 5 Hz to 35 Hz frequency range. This localization method was examined by analysing several ice events detected at both the Cape Leeuwin IMS station and a sea noise logger deployed off the Antarctic shelf.

Binghui Li; Alexander Gavrilov

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Infrasound signal coherence across arrays: Observations from the international monitoring system  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Arrays of microbarometers are designed to exploit the coherence of infrasound signals between sensors in order to detect and characterize the impinging wavefield. However signal coherence decreases with increasing distance between measurement locations due to effects that include but are not limited to signal multi-pathing dispersion and wavefront distortion. Therefore the design of an array is a balance between ensuring the sensor separations are small enough to guarantee acceptable signal coherence yet large enough to provide the required resolution when estimating signal azimuth and velocity. Here we report coherence measurements from more than 30 events that have been recorded on the International Monitoring System microbarometer arrays that are being constructed as one of the verification measures for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty. The results confirm those of Mack and Flinn (1971) that signal coherence is greater in directions parallel and is less in directions perpendicular to the direction of propagation. In contrast to earlier studies we report larger inter-event variation in coherence structure and provide an assessment of how these findings may influence future microbarometer array design.

David Green

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Long?term variations of ice breaking noise in Antarctica  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Numerous low frequency transient signals arriving from Antarctica have been detected in five?year sea noise recordings in 2002?2006 at the hydroacoustic listening station deployed off Cape Leeuwin in Western Australia as part of the International Monitoring System of the Comprehensive Nuclear?Test?Ban Treaty. The majority of these signals consist of a single arrival of mode 1 which dominates the higher modes and undergoes strong frequency dispersion due to long?range propagation in the polar ocean environment. These signals are believed to be emitted primarily by ice rifting and breaking events on the Antarctic shelf. Several regions along the Antarctic coast associated with certain glaciers and ice tongues were found to persistently be much more active in generatingicenoise than other parts of the Antarctic shelf. An analysis of long?term changes in the frequency of occurrence of ice events showed noticeable seasonal cycles but did not reveal any significant interannual variations against the background of short?term fluctuations. Some of the ice events detected at the Cape Leeuwin station were also identified in sea noise recordings made on autonomous acoustic loggers deployed on the Antarctic shelf which allowed us to investigate characteristics of the acoustic signals from ice events near their origins.

Alexander Gavrilov; Binghui Li

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

CTBT integrated verification system evaluation model supplement  

SciTech Connect

Sandia National Laboratories has developed a computer based model called IVSEM (Integrated Verification System Evaluation Model) to estimate the performance of a nuclear detonation monitoring system. The IVSEM project was initiated in June 1994, by Sandia's Monitoring Systems and Technology Center and has been funded by the U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Nonproliferation and National Security (DOE/NN). IVSEM is a simple, ''top-level,'' modeling tool which estimates the performance of a Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) monitoring system and can help explore the impact of various sensor system concepts and technology advancements on CTBT monitoring. One of IVSEM's unique features is that it integrates results from the various CTBT sensor technologies (seismic, in sound, radionuclide, and hydroacoustic) and allows the user to investigate synergy among the technologies. Specifically, IVSEM estimates the detection effectiveness (probability of detection), location accuracy, and identification capability of the integrated system and of each technology subsystem individually. The model attempts to accurately estimate the monitoring system's performance at medium interfaces (air-land, air-water) and for some evasive testing methods such as seismic decoupling. The original IVSEM report, CTBT Integrated Verification System Evaluation Model, SAND97-25 18, described version 1.2 of IVSEM. This report describes the changes made to IVSEM version 1.2 and the addition of identification capability estimates that have been incorporated into IVSEM version 2.0.

EDENBURN,MICHAEL W.; BUNTING,MARCUS; PAYNE JR.,ARTHUR C.; TROST,LAWRENCE C.

2000-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

450

Nuclear testing: Executive summary  

SciTech Connect

The authors have examined the experimental and analytic bases for understanding the performance of each of the weapon types that are currently planned to remain in the US enduring nuclear stockpile. They have also examined whether continued underground tests at various nuclear yield thresholds would add significantly to the confidence in this stockpile in the years ahead. The starting point for this examination was a detailed review of past experience in developing and testing modern nuclear weapons, their certification and recertification processes, their performance margins, and evidence of aging or other trends over time for each weapon type in the enduring stockpile. The findings, as summarized in Conclusions 1 through 6, are consistent with US agreement to enter into a Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) of unending duration, that includes a standard ``supreme national interest`` clause. Recognizing that the challenge of maintaining an effective nuclear stockpile for an indefinite period without benefit of underground tests is an important and also a new one, the US should affirm its readiness to invoke the supreme national interest clause should the need arise as a result of unanticipated technical problems in the enduring stockpile.

Drell, S.; Cornwall, J.; Dyson, F. [and others

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Will NATO settle for Kohl cuts  

SciTech Connect

Lance modernization means replacing a missile with a range of 70 miles with one that can travel about 280 miles; the INF Treaty bans missiles with ranges of 300-3,400 miles. Although plans for one Lance replacement a nuclear version of the Army Tactical Missile system have apparently been dropped by the Pentagon, the US Army still plants to build a new nuclear short-range missile to replace the 600-800 Lance missiles now deployed in Europe along with their 88 reusable launchers. Modernization has stirred greater controversy within NATO than between East and West, and the debate has little to do with military and strategic considerations in the narrow sense. Rather, the controversy on the Lance replacement has become a symbol for a much more fundamental debate likely to continue for the coming years: should the alliance continue to pursue its policy of deterrence, both conventional and nuclear, as if the Soviet threat had not changed How will NATO respond to the changes under way in the Soviet Union Is it time for new thinking in the West to match the challenges posed by Gorbachev's initiatives The author feels that, since the transAtlantic debate is preoccupied with symbols rather than substance, these symbols the nuclear weapons that remain in and that may be planned for Europe bear examination; this, he proceeds to do.

Risse-Kappen, T. (Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (USA))

1989-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

INMM Annual Meeting 1991 arms control today; An annual update  

SciTech Connect

The past year has brought both major successes and disappointing delays in the arms control process. During this period, the additional verification protocols of the Threshold Test Ban Treaty and the Peaceful Nuclear Explosions Treaty were completed; the Conventional Forces in Europe (CFE) Agreement and a US - Soviet Agreement on the Destruction of Chemical Weapons were both completed and await Congressional action. Despite these positive developments, progress in other fora has been slow. The START Treaty, burdened by its complexity and captive to Soviet internal instability and the US focus on the conflict in Iraq, struggles to survive endgame negotiations and a rigorous ratification process. CFE, despite its completion, was significantly delayed because of disputed Soviet data, and will not apparently be ratified in October of 1991. The US Open Skies initiative appears moribund, and attempts to conclude a multilateral Chemical Weapons Agreement continue to be frustrated by critical verification and policy issues. This paper presents a broad overview of ongoing arms control negotiations and developments over the past twelve months.

Heaney, M.F. (Meridian Corp., Alexandria, VA (United States))

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Poking and prying for peace  

SciTech Connect

An ordinary building in an industrial park near Washington's Dulles Airport houses one arm of the US military that may be immune from budget cuts. Its offices resemble those of the software and engineering firms that surround it - except for the fragments of destroyed missiles used as wall decorations. This is the headquarters of the On-Site Inspection Agency (OSIA), whose main job is verifying the destruction of weapons, an area of explosive growth. Founded in 1988 to enforce the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty, OSIA will face increasing responsibilities as major new arms control agreements come on line. Verifying the Strategic Arms Reductions Treaty (START) and the Conventional Forces in Europe (CFE) pact will mean new teams of experts, new linguists, and new equipment. Enforcing other agreements, such as treaty banning chemical weapons (currently being negotiated in Geneva), could spur even more growth, and may require new technologies. OSIA is the most visible symbol of what might be called the verification revolution.' A decade ago it was unthinkable that US inspectors would live near a Soviet missile factory or that Soviet inspectors might be feted at a backyard barbecue in Utah, or that a new treaty would list the specific steps involved in destroying an armored vehicle.

Grier, P.

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

New UOP catalysts plus revamps to meet your octane goals  

SciTech Connect

It appears that the use of lead antiknocks will be completely banned by Congress in the near future. The lead ''phasedown'' threatens to become a lead ''crashdown.'' Light straight run and natural gasoline will require catalytic upgrading, in most refineries, to permit inclusion in the gasoline pool. The UOP Penex process is well-suited to regain much of the octane shortfall through isomerization of C/sub 5//C/sub 6/ normal paraffins in converted units as well as new unit applications. New Penex catalysts, I-8 and I-7, permit state-of-the-art processing capability. For conversions, UOP offers new catalysts capable of yielding, on a once-through basis, an 83-84 RONO Penexate at modest expenditure or, alternatively, a 78-80 RONO product with minimal revamp cost. UOP computer-assisted engineering studies can quickly identify and evaluate the process options available for a given project, so that revamp feasibility can be quickly assessed. This is important in the present climate where regulatory changes must be matched by a timely response from industry. Our studies have consistently shown that there is strong economic justification for addition of Penex isomerization to the refinery flow scheme, whether through new unit design or revamp conversions.

Krueding, A.P.; Johnson, J.A.; Pappas, S.W.

1985-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Electricity production and cooling energy savings from installation of a  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

production and cooling energy savings from installation of a production and cooling energy savings from installation of a building-integrated photovoltaic roof on an office building Title Electricity production and cooling energy savings from installation of a building-integrated photovoltaic roof on an office building Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2013 Authors Ban-Weiss, George, Craig P. Wray, William W. Delp, Peter Ly, Hashem Akbari, and Ronnen M. Levinson Journal Energy and Buildings Volume 56 Pagination 210 - 220 ISSN 0378-7788 Keywords Advanced Technology Demonstration, building design, Building heat transfer, cool roof, energy efficiency, Energy Performance of Buildings, energy savings, Energy Usage, energy use, Heat Island Abstract Reflective roofs can reduce demand for air conditioning and warming of the atmosphere. Roofs can also host photovoltaic (PV) modules that convert sunlight to electricity. In this study we assess the effects of installing a building integrated photovoltaic (BIPV) roof on an office building in Yuma, AZ. The system consists of thin film PV laminated to a white membrane, which lies above a layer of insulation. The solar absorptance of the roof decreased to 0.38 from 0.75 after installation of the BIPV, lowering summertime daily mean roof upper surface temperatures by about 5 °C. Summertime daily heat influx through the roof deck fell to ±0.1 kWh/m2from 0.3-1.0 kWh/m2. However, summertime daily heat flux from the ventilated attic into the conditioned space was minimally affected by the BIPV, suggesting that the roof was decoupled from the conditioned space. Daily PV energy production was about 25% of building electrical energy use in the summer. For this building the primary benefit of the BIPV appeared to be its capacity to generate electricity and not its ability to reduce heat flows into the building. Building energy simulations were used to estimate the cooling energy savings and heating energy penalties for more typical buildings.

456

Size-Resolved Particle Number and Volume Emission Factors for On-Road  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Size-Resolved Particle Number and Volume Emission Factors for On-Road Size-Resolved Particle Number and Volume Emission Factors for On-Road Gasoline and Diesel Motor Vehicles Title Size-Resolved Particle Number and Volume Emission Factors for On-Road Gasoline and Diesel Motor Vehicles Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2009 Authors Ban-Weiss, George, Melissa M. Lunden, Thomas W. Kirchstetter, and Robert A. Harley Journal Journal of Aerosol Science Keywords emission, motor vehicle, particle number, size distribution, tunnel Abstract Average particle number concentrations and size distributions from ~61 000 light-duty (LD) vehicles and ~2500 medium-duty (MD) and heavy-duty (HD) trucks were measured during the summer of 2006 in a San Francisco Bay area traffic tunnel. One of the traffic bores contained only LD vehicles, and the other contained mixed traffic, allowing pollutants to be apportioned between LD vehicles and diesel trucks. Particle number emission factors (particle diameter Dp > 3 nm) were found to be (3.9 ± 1.4) x 1014 and (3.3 ± 1.3) x 1015 # kg-1 fuel burned for LD vehicles and diesel trucks, respectively. Size distribution measurements showed that diesel trucks emitted at least an order of magnitude more particles for all measured sizes (10 < Dp < 290 nm) per unit mass of fuel burned. The relative importance of LD vehicles as a source of particles increased as Dp decreased. Comparing the results from this study to previous measurements at the same site showed that particle number emission factors have decreased for both LD vehicles and diesel trucks since 1997. Integrating size distributions with a volume weighting

457

Evaluation of soil radioactivity data from the Nevada Test Site  

SciTech Connect

Since 1951, 933 nuclear tests have been conducted at the Nevada Test Site (NTS) and test areas on the adjacent Tonopah Test Range (TTR) and Nellis Air Force Range (NAFR). Until the early 1960s. the majority of tests were atmospheric, involving detonation of nuclear explosive devices on the ground or on a tower, suspended from a balloon or dropped from an airplane. Since the signing of the Limited Test Ban Treaty in 1963, most tests have been conducted underground, although several shallow subsurface tests took place between 1962 and 1968. As a result of the aboveground and near-surface nuclear explosions, as well as ventings of underground tests, destruction of nuclear devices with conventional explosives, and nuclear-rocket engine tests, the surface soil on portions of the NTS has been contaminated with radionuclides. Relatively little consideration was given to the environmental effects of nuclear testing during the first two decades of operations at the NTS. Since the early 1970s, however, increasingly strict environmental regulations have forced greater attention to be given to contamination problems at the site and how to remediate them. One key element in the current environmental restoration program at the NTS is determining the amount and extent of radioactivity in the surface soil. The general distribution of soil radioactivity on the NTS is already well known as a result of several programs carried out in the 1970s and 1980s. However, questions have been raised as to whether the data from those earlier studies are suitable for use in the current environmental assessments and risk analyses. The primary purpose of this preliminary data review is to determine to what extent the historical data collected at the NTS can be used in the characterization/remediation process.

NONE

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Complete oxidation of CO, ethanol, and ethyl acetate over copper oxide supported on titania and ceria modified titania  

SciTech Connect

Titania and titania modified with 3 and 12 {mu}mol Ce/m{sup 2} surface area of the titania were prepared and were used as supports for copper oxide. Preparations with 3 and 12 {mu}mol CuO{sub x}/m{sup 2} surface area of the support were tested for the combustion of CO, ethyl acetate, and ethanol. The results show that the Ce-doped titania surface is good as support for CuO{sub x} and that the cerium not only enhances the activity of the copper species, but also stabilizes the surface area of the TiO{sub 2} support in the presence of copper oxide. Additions of Al, K, and La are also found to stabilize the TiO{sub 2} support but, compared with Ce, these elements do not to the same extent enhance the activity of the copper species. Acetaldehyde is observed to ban an intermediate in the combustion of both ethanol and ethyl acetate over Cu-Ce-Ti-O catalysts. Since acetaldehyde is more harmful than any of the reactants and also is photochemically active, it is in applications important to assure that the combustion is complete. Cu-Ce-Ti-O catalysts show good performance not only for feeds without water vapor, but also for humid feeds. Although the concentrations of intermediates are affected by the addition of water, there is little effect on the temperature required for obtaining complete conversion to carbon dioxide and water. Characterization with XRD, FT-Raman, TPR, and XPS indicates that the dispersed copper species are in the form of patches or a bidimensional layer which interacts with the surface of the support. When the content of cerium and copper is low, other types of dispersed copper species are present, which possibly are monomers or dimers. The copper species are predominantly Cu{sup 2+} species.

Larsson, P.O. [Perstorp AB (Sweden)] [Perstorp AB (Sweden); Andersson, A. [Univ. of Lund (Sweden). Dept. of Chemical Engineering II] [Univ. of Lund (Sweden). Dept. of Chemical Engineering II

1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Oxygen-enriched coincineration of MSW and sewage sludge: Final report  

SciTech Connect

Federal regulations banning ocean dumping of sewage sludge coupled with stricter regulations on the disposal of sewage sludge in landfills have forced municipalities, especially those in the northeast United States, to consider alternate methods for disposal of this solid waste. Coincineration of municipal solid waste (MSW) and sludge has proven to be economically attractive for both Europe and Japan, but has not yet proven to be a viable sludge disposal technology in the United States because of a history of operational problems in existing facilities. The most prevalent problem in coincinerating MSW and a dewatered sewage sludge (15 to 25% solids) is incomplete sludge combustion. Incomplete sludge combustion is primarily a function of sludge particle size, occurring when the surface of the sludge particle dries and hardens, while the inner mass is unaffected. This phenomenon is commonly referred to in the industry as the {open_quotes}hamburger effect.{close_quotes} In an effort to promote technology development in this area, Air Products and Chemicals, Inc. teamed with the US Department of Energy (DOE) through the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to evaluate a new process being developed for the disposal of a dewatered sewage sludge, {open_quotes}Oxygen-Enriched Coincineration of MSW and Sewage Sludge.{close_quotes} This report provides a comprehensive summary of the pilot demonstration test program for oxygen-enriched coincineration of MSW and sewage sludge. This report describes the pilot test facility, instrumentation, and methods of data collection and data analyses; describes how the tests were executed; and discusses the test results. Recommendations for the future development of this technology in the current marketplace are also provided.

none,

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

CTBT technical issues handbook  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this handbook is to give the nonspecialist in nuclear explosion physics and nuclear test monitoring an introduction to the topic as it pertains to a Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT). The authors have tried to make the handbook visually oriented, with figures paired to short discussions. As such, the handbook may be read straight through or in sections. The handbook covers four main areas and ends with a glossary, which includes both scientific terms and acronyms likely to be encountered during CTBT negotiations. The following topics are covered: (1) Physics of nuclear explosion experiments. This is a description of basic nuclear physics and elementary nuclear weapon design. Also discussed are testing practices. (2) Other nuclear experiments. This section discusses experiments that produce small amounts of nuclear energy but differ from explosion experiments discussed in the first chapter. This includes the type of activities, such as laser fusion, that would continue after a CTBT is in force. (3) Monitoring tests in various environments. This section describes the different physical environments in which a test could be conducted (underground, in the atmosphere, in space, underwater, and in the laboratory); the sources of non-nuclear events (such as earthquakes and mining operations); and the opportunities for evasion. (4) On-site inspections. A CTBT is likely to include these inspections as an element of the verification provisions, in order to resolve the nature of ambiguous events. This chapter describes some technical considerations and technologies that are likely to be useful. (5) Selecting verification measures. This chapter discusses the uncertain nature of the evidence from monitoring systems and how compliance judgments could be made, taking the uncertainties into account. It also discusses how to allocate monitoring resources, given the likelihood of testing by various countries in various environments.

Zucca, J.J. [ed.

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

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461

A crust and upper mantle model of Eurasia and North Africa for Pn travel time calculation  

SciTech Connect

We develop a Regional Seismic Travel Time (RSTT) model and methods to account for the first-order effect of the three-dimensional crust and upper mantle on travel times. The model parameterization is a global tessellation of nodes with a velocity profile at each node. Interpolation of the velocity profiles generates a 3-dimensional crust and laterally variable upper mantle velocity. The upper mantle velocity profile at each node is represented as a linear velocity gradient, which enables travel time computation in approximately 1 millisecond. This computational speed allows the model to be used in routine analyses in operational monitoring systems. We refine the model using a tomographic formulation that adjusts the average crustal velocity, mantle velocity at the Moho, and the mantle velocity gradient at each node. While the RSTT model is inherently global and our ultimate goal is to produce a model that provides accurate travel time predictions over the globe, our first RSTT tomography effort covers Eurasia and North Africa, where we have compiled a data set of approximately 600,000 Pn arrivals that provide path coverage over this vast area. Ten percent of the tomography data are randomly selected and set aside for testing purposes. Travel time residual variance for the validation data is reduced by 32%. Based on a geographically distributed set of validation events with epicenter accuracy of 5 km or better, epicenter error using 16 Pn arrivals is reduced by 46% from 17.3 km (ak135 model) to 9.3 km after tomography. Relative to the ak135 model, the median uncertainty ellipse area is reduced by 68% from 3070 km{sup 2} to 994 km{sup 2}, and the number of ellipses with area less than 1000 km{sup 2}, which is the area allowed for onsite inspection under the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, is increased from 0% to 51%.

Myers, S; Begnaud, M; Ballard, S; Pasyanos, M; Phillips, W S; Ramirez, A; Antolik, M; Hutchenson, K; Dwyer, J; Rowe, C; Wagner, G

2009-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

462

Landfill reduction experience in The Netherlands  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Modern waste legislation aims at resource efficiency and landfill reduction. This paper analyses more than 20years of landfill reduction in the Netherlands. The combination of landfill regulations, landfill tax and landfill bans resulted in the desired landfill reduction, but also had negative effects. A fierce competition developed over the remaining waste to be landfilled. In 2013 the Dutch landfill industry generated 40 million of annual revenue, had 58 million annual costs and therefore incurred an annual loss of 18 million. It is not an attractive option to prematurely end business. There is a risk that Dutch landfill operators will not be able to fulfil the financial obligations for closure and aftercare. Contrary to the polluter pays principle the burden may end up with society. EU regulations prohibiting export of waste for disposal are in place. Strong differentials in landfill tax rate between nations have nevertheless resulted in transboundary shipment of waste and in non-compliance with the self-sufficiency and proximity principles. During the transformation from a disposal society to a recycling society, it is important to carefully plan required capacity and to guide the reorganisation of the landfill sector. At some point, it is no longer profitable to provide landfill services. It may be necessary for public organisations or the state to take responsibility for the continued operation of a safety net in waste management. Regulations have created a financial incentive to pass on the burden of monitoring and controlling the impact of waste to future generations. To prevent this, it is necessary to revise regulations on aftercare and create incentives to actively stabilise landfills.

Heijo Scharff

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

On-site Inspection Agency (OSIA) FY 1998-2003 program objective memorandum (POM)  

SciTech Connect

Arms control is an integral part of our country`s national security strategy. Arms control ensures confidence in compliance through effective inspection, monitoring, and verification; and, ultimately, contributes to a more stable and calculable balance of power. The full and faithful implementation of existing arms control agreements, followed by ratification of the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START II) and Chemical Weapons (CW) Agreements remains an important element of the Administration`s national security policy. With the entry into force (ElF) of the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START) in the first quarter 1w 1995, ElF of START II planned for late 1w 1996, ElF of the Open Skies (OS) Treaty and the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) planned for 1w 1997, and ElF of the Chemical Weapons Bilateral Destruction Agreement (CW BDA) now planned for 1w 1998, OSIA POM resources have been adjusted to support the significantly expanded missions associated with these Treaties in the outyears. The OSIA continues its efforts to carry out the inspection, escort, and monitoring provisions of the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) and Conventional Armed Forces in Europe (CFE) Treaties, as well as to maintain a standby status for the Nuclear Test Ban Treaties (NTBT). With the advent of new missions, OSIA is playing an expanding role in providing support to the Cooperative Threat Reduction (CTR) Program and Safeguards, Transparency, and Irreversibility (STI) Agreements. Other missions include support for the Biological Weapons (BW) Program and the Technical Equipment Inspections (TEl) Program, Executive Agent for the Defense Treaty Inspection Readiness Program (DTIRP), and the United Nations Special Commission (UNSCOM) on fraq. Our latest mission involves providing support for the Bosnia Peace Plan initiative.

NONE

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Using the DOE Knowledge Base for Special Event Analysis  

SciTech Connect

The DOE Knowledge Base is a library of detailed information whose purpose is to support the United States National Data Center (USNDC) in its mission to monitor compliance with the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT). One of the important tasks which the USNDC must accomplish is to periodically perform detailed analysis of events of high interest, so-called "Special Events", to provide the national authority with information needed to make policy decisions. In this paper we investigate some possible uses of the Knowledge Base for Special Event Analysis (SEA), and make recommendations for improving Knowledge Base support for SEA. To analyze an event in detail, there are two basic types of data which must be used sensor-derived data (wave- forms, arrivals, events, etc.) and regiohalized contextual data (known sources, geological characteristics, etc.). Cur- rently there is no single package which can provide full access to both types of data, so for our study we use a separate package for each MatSeis, the Sandia Labs-developed MATLAB-based seismic analysis package, for wave- form data analysis, and ArcView, an ESRI product, for contextual data analysis. Both packages are well-suited to pro- totyping because they provide a rich set of currently available functionality and yet are also flexible and easily extensible, . Using these tools and Phase I Knowledge Base data sets, we show how the Knowledge Base can improve both the speed and the quality of SEA. Empirically-derived interpolated correction information can be accessed to improve both location estimates and associated error estimates. This information can in turn be used to identi~ any known nearby sources (e.g. mines, volcanos), which may then trigger specialized processing of the sensor data. Based on the location estimate, preferred magnitude formulas and discriminants can be retrieved, and any known blockages can be identified to prevent miscalculations. Relevant historic events can be identilled either by spatial proximity searches or through waveform correlation processing. The locations and waveforms of these events can then be made available for side-by-side comparison and processing. If synthetic modeling is thought to be warranted, a wide variety of rele- vant contextu~l information (e.g. crustal thickness and layering, seismic velocities, attenuation factors) can be retrieved and sent to the appropriate applications. Once formedj the synthetics can then be brought in for side-by-side comparison and fhrther processing. Based on our study, we make two general recommendations. First, proper inter-process communication between sensor data analysis software and contextual data analysis sofisvare should be developed. Second, some of the Knowl- edge Base data sets should be prioritized or winnowed to streamline comparison with observed quantities.

Armstrong, H.M.; Harris, J.M.; Young, C.J.

1998-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

465

ADVANCED WAVEFORM SIMULATION FOR SEISMIC MONITORING EVENTS  

SciTech Connect

Comprehensive test ban monitoring in terms of location and discrimination has progressed significantly in recent years. However, the characterization of sources and the estimation of low yields remains a particular challenge. As the recent Korean shot demonstrated, we can probably expect to have a small set of teleseismic, far-regional and high-frequency regional data to analyze in estimating the yield of an event. Since stacking helps to bring signals out of the noise, it becomes useful to conduct comparable analyses on neighboring events, earthquakes in this case. If these auxiliary events have accurate moments and source descriptions, we have a means of directly comparing effective source strengths. Although we will rely on modeling codes, 1D, 2D, and 3D, we will also apply a broadband calibration procedure to use longer periods (P>5s) waveform data to calibrate short-period (P between .5 to 2 Hz) and high-frequency (P between 2 to 10 Hz) as path specify station corrections from well-known regional sources. We have expanded our basic Cut-and-Paste (CAP) methodology to include not only timing shifts but also amplitude (f) corrections at recording sites. The name of this method was derived from source inversions that allow timing shifts between 'waveform segments' (or cutting the seismogram up and re-assembling) to correct for crustal variation. For convenience, we will refer to these f-dependent refinements as CAP+ for (SP) and CAP++ for still higher frequency. These methods allow the retrieval of source parameters using only P-waveforms where radiation patterns are obvious as demonstrated in this report and are well suited for explosion P-wave data. The method is easily extended to all distances because it uses Green's function although there may be some changes required in t* to adjust for offsets between local vs. teleseismic distances. In short, we use a mixture of model-dependent and empirical corrections to tackle the path effects. Although we reply on the large TriNet array as a testbed for refining methods, we will present some preliminary results on Korea and Iran.

Helmberger, D; Tromp, J; Rodgers, A

2007-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

466

Examination of the role of nuclear deterrence in the 21st century: a systems analysis approach  

SciTech Connect

Until very recently, an evaluation of US policy regarding deterrence and the role of its nuclear weapons arsenal as a deterrent has been largely absent in the public debate. With President's Obama embrace of a goal of a future world without nuclear weapons, issues of nuclear policy and deterrence have just recently risen to the forefront of policy discussions. The traditional role of US nuclear weapons-to deter the use of nuclear weapons by other states-endures, but is no longer unique nor even predominant. In an increasingly multi-polar world, the US now faces growing risks of nuclear weapons proliferation; the spread of weapons of mass destruction generally to non-state, substate and transnational actors; cyber, space, economic, environmental and resource threats along with the application of numerous other forms of 'soft power' in ways that are inimical to national security and to global stability. What concept of deterrence should the US seek to maintain in the 21st Century? That question remains fluid and central to the current debate. Recently there has been a renewed focusing of attention on the role of US nuclear weapons and a national discussion about what the underlying policy should be. In this environment, both the United States and Russia have committed to drastic reductions in their nuclear arsenals, while still maintaining forces sufficient to ensure unacceptable consequence in response to acts of aggression. Further, the declared nuclear powers have maintained that a limited nuclear arsenal continues to provide insurance against uncertain developments in a changing world. In this environment of US and Russian stockpile reductions, all declared nuclear states have reiterated the central role which nuclear weapons continue to provide for their supreme national security interests. Given this new environment and the challenges of the next several decades, how might the United States structure its policy and forces with regard to nuclear weapons? Many competing objectives have been stated across the spectrum of political, social, and military thought. These objectives include goals of ratification of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty, recommitment to further downsizing of the nuclear arsenal, embracing a long-term goal of the elimination of nuclear weapons, limitations on both the production complex and upgrades to nuclear weapons and delivery systems, and controls and constraints to limit proliferation of nuclear materials and weapons, particularly to rogue states and terrorist groups.

Martz, Joseph C [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Stevens, Patrice A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Branstetter, Linda [SNL; Hoover, Edward [SNL; O' Brien, Kevin [SNL; Slavin, Adam [SNL; Caswell, David [STANFORD UNIV

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Russia`s Great Game in a nuclear South Asia  

SciTech Connect

Lost in the noise of Pakistan`s nuclear weapon tests in the western Baluchistan desert on 28 and 30 May was a surprising diplomatic move by Russia. On 23 May, Russia became the first state to express its willingness to recognize India as a nuclear-weapon state, provided that India commits itself to the international nonproliferation regime. Russia`s Ambassador to India, Albert Chernyshev, stated in the days after the Indian but before the Pakistani nuclear tests that ``India proclaimed itself a nuclear weapons power. One now hopes that India will behave as a nuclear weapons power by acting responsibly. Every nuclear weapons state has some rights. But for getting recognition it must have some obligations. Once it is ready to show these obligations by joining the nonproliferation regime, its recognition as a nuclear weapons power will follow.`` Russia`s Great Game in South Asia in pursuit of short-term economic and other interests appears to be a serious obstacle on the path to dealing effectively with the South Asian nuclear crisis. Grave damage to security, stability and nonproliferation has already resulted from India`s and Pakistan`s actions, but the situation does not have to spiral out of control. It is imperative that the international community respond appropriately to this challenge. The international community is at a crossroads and Russia`s actions will be critical. Will it be willing to go beyond the narrow economic and political calculations reflected in its diplomatic posturing, and take actions that will serve its long-term interests by bridging differences with other great powers in order to demonstrate to India that it has not chosen the right path. If Russia decides it can gain from India`s current, perilous path and blocks or otherwise frustrates appropriate responses, the nuclear danger on the subcontinent will escalate and the global regimes to promote nonproliferation and to ban testing will be seriously, perhaps fatally, weakened with unpredictable regional and global effects.

Pilat, J.F.; Taylor, T.T. [International Inst. for Strategic Studies, London (United Kingdom)

1998-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

468

REGULATORY STRATEGIES TO MINIMIZE GENERATION OF REGULATED WASTES FROM CLEANUP, CONTINUED USE OR DECOMMISSIONING OF NUCLEAR FACILITIES CONTAMINATED WITH POLYCHLORINATED BIPHENYLS (PCBS) - 11198  

SciTech Connect

Disposal costs for liquid PCB radioactive waste are among the highest of any category of regulated waste. The high cost is driven by the fact that disposal options are extremely limited. Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) regulations require most liquids with PCBs at concentration of {ge} 50 parts-per-million to be disposed by incineration or equivalent destructive treatment. Disposal fees can be as high as $200 per gallon. This figure does not include packaging and the cost to transport the waste to the disposal facility, or the waste generator's labor costs for managing the waste prior to shipment. Minimizing the generation of liquid radioactive PCB waste is therefore a significant waste management challenge. PCB spill cleanups often generate large volumes of waste. That is because the removal of PCBs typically requires the liberal use of industrial solvents followed by a thorough rinsing process. In a nuclear facility, the cleanup process may be complicated by the presence of radiation and other occupational hazards. Building design and construction features, e.g., the presence of open grating or trenches, may also complicate cleanup. In addition to the technical challenges associated with spill cleanup, selection of the appropriate regulatory requirements and approach may be challenging. The TSCA regulations include three different sections relating to the cleanup of PCB contamination or spills. EPA has also promulgated a separate guidance policy for fresh PCB spills that is published as Subpart G of 40 CFR 761 although it is not an actual regulation. Applicability is based on the circumstances of each contamination event or situation. Other laws or regulations may also apply. Identification of the allowable regulatory options is important. Effective communication with stakeholders, particularly regulators, is just as important. Depending on the regulatory path that is taken, cleanup may necessitate the generation of large quantities of regulated waste. Allowable options must be evaluated carefully in order to reduce compliance risks, protect personnel, limit potential negative impacts on facility operations, and minimize the generation of wastes subject to TSCA. This paper will identify critical factors in selecting the appropriate TSCA regulatory path in order to minimize the generation of radioactive PCB waste and reduce negative impacts to facilities. The importance of communicating pertinent technical issues with facility staff, regulatory personnel, and subsequently, the public, will be discussed. Key points will be illustrated by examples from five former production reactors at the DOE Savannah River Site. In these reactors a polyurethane sealant was used to seal piping penetrations in the biological shield walls. During the intense neutron bombardment that occurred during reactor operation, the sealant broke down into a thick, viscous material that seeped out of the piping penetrations over adjacent equipment and walls. Some of the walls were painted with a PCB product. PCBs from the paint migrated into the degraded sealant, creating PCB 'spill areas' in some of these facilities. The regulatory cleanup approach selected for each facility was based on its operational status, e.g., active, inactive or undergoing decommissioning. The selected strategies served to greatly minimize the generation of radioactive liquid PCB waste. It is expected that this information would be useful to other DOE sites, DOD facilities, and commercial nuclear facilities constructed prior to the 1979 TSCA ban on most manufacturing and uses of PCBs.

Lowry, N.

2010-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

469

Learning from Interventions Aimed at Mainstreaming Solar Hot Water in the Australian Market  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Domestic water heating in Australia conventionally uses electric resistance heating storage or gas fuelled water heaters. The Australian electricity supply has some of the highest greenhouse gas emissions factors in the world. Consequently, water heating is responsible for approximately 24 percent of residential sector greenhouse gas emissions in Australia. To assist households to move towards an energy efficient, low carbon future, a suite of market intervention programs to support solar hot water uptake have been introduced at both state and federal levels. These programs aim to improve the capacity of industry to deliver solar solutions, reduce the emissions intensity and net cost of household water heating, and increase the market share of the solar water heating sector. Incentives include: Point of sale rebates and certificate-based programs for energy efficiency and renewable energy; Regulations for new houses that encourage solar water heating installations; Community awareness programs; and Training programs for installers to ensure that tradespeople have the competencies to size systems and the skills to install them correctly. In some jurisdictions the incentive programs were performance-based, but in others a fixed rebate amount was available for all systems having performance above a minimum threshold. These programs have lead to the widespread expansion of the industry, with an almost doubling of the proportion of households with solar water heaters between 1999 and 2011. Installations in new homes have seen an even more marked increase: For example, regulations for new homes in the state of Victoria require the installation of a solar water heater or rainwater tank. This program has seen the adoption of solar water heaters in new homes increase fro m around 5% in 2004 to over 70% in 2011. Across most of Australia there are proposed regulations limiting the emissions intensity of replacement water heaters which will effectively ban resistance electric water heaters in most situations. Recently both South Australia and Queensland commenced their program for existing houses. It is expected that in the future these programs will drive an even greater uptake, which will go some way to insulating Australian households from price increases that may result from carbon driven future increases in the cost of energy. This paper discusses the various approaches and outcomes of the different programs and provides analysis of the basis of program success or improvements. Learning relevant to market interventions worldwide include Continuity in program operation is necessary to allow industry to grow in a sustainable way. Basing the incentive on independently derived performance results provides industry with a means of differentiating better products and provides purchasers with appropriate guidance. Rebate program design should consider the consumer's purchasing priorities. For example, a point of sale discount awarded as part of the purchase transaction aligns with the urgency of the purchasing process and does not require additional cash to be available from the purchaser. Design of the schemes can not only produce a greater market share, but can also encourage the manufacture of lower greenhouse gas emissions products. Market interventions can have unintended consequences, so the programs need to be monitored and flexibility maintained to changes to avoid poor outcomes.

David Ferrari; Ken Guthrie; Sonja Ott; Robert Thomson

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

History of the International Atomic Energy Agency: The First Forty Years  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

International Atomic Energy Agency: Personal Reflections 1997 (Vienna: IAEA) 311 pp AS260 (hardback) ISBN 92 0 102497 5 These two books are a contribution to the 40th birthday celebrations of the IAEA. I have worked in the field of Health Physics for 39 of those years, and have contributed to projects for the Agency during that time so these volumes are a nostalgic journey into my past as well. The focus of the History of the IAEA is the intimate linkage to nuclear power. Accidents such as Three Mile Island and Chernobyl have had major impacts on the Agency's programme and the evolution of arms' controls that has affected IAEA safeguards. The IAEA has greatly influenced the practical applications of nuclear science and many examples are discussed in the history. The Personal Reflections are from 25 distinguished scientists and diplomats who have contributed to the formation and development of the IAEA. The IAEA is an Agency of the United Nations (UN) with origins back to 1946 when the USA proposed the UN Atomic Energy Commission (UNAEC). The Soviet Union, although a participant in the UNAEC discussions, never agreed to the US proposals and UNAEC was eventually disbanded in 1952. In 1953, President Eisenhower made his `Atoms for Peace' speech and proposed a joint contribution to a UN agency of natural uranium and fissionable materials. In 1955, the USA started drafting the Statutes for an `IAEA' and these were accepted by a conference of 82 states at the UN. The Agency's Preparatory Commission started work in February 1957: the first Director General, Dr Stirling Cole (USA), was in post by the middle of that year. Euratom was formed in the same year. International regulations on the safe transport of radioactive waste were drafted and safeguard inspections were started at a research reactor in Norway. The first IAEA Basic Safety Standards for Radiation were agreed by the Agency's Board in June 1962. Following the Cuban Missile Crisis, a Partial Test Ban Treaty was negotiated between the USA and the USSR and the Agency extended its safeguards' systems to large reactors. The rest of the 1960s saw a gradual move towards non-proliferation and the application of nuclear and radiation technologies in the fields of agriculture, medicine and industry, particularly in developing countries. The year 1970 saw the instigation of the first bibliographic database INIS with distribution by computer tapes and microfiche. The 1973 oil crisis put energy issues at the top of the world's agenda and prospects for Nuclear Energy as a source of power brightened. The IAEA established a network of secondary standards laboratories in 1976 with the formation of a global network of analytical laboratories in the previous year. Up until 1979, the Agency had occupied the former Grand Hotel on the Ringstrasse that was spacious for working, with a well-equipped main conference hall that was often too small for large conferences but always convenient for the hotels in the centre of Vienna. In that year, the Agency moved to the Vienna International Centre on the Danube. Occupation of this new Centre was made possible by the generosity of the city of Vienna and the Austrian government. The Three Mile Island nuclear accident happened on 28 March 1979, and whilst the release of radioactivity was insignificant, the economic impact was huge with global implications for developments of nuclear power. The French-built Tamuz nuclear research reactor in Iraq was attacked by Israel in June 1981 because it was suspected that it was being used for nuclear weapons research. This presented an immediate challenge to the new Director General, Dr Hans Blix. However, the main event of the 1980s was the Chernobyl accident on 26 April 1986. Unit 4 of the reactor complex was completely destroyed, operators were killed and radioactivity was spread over large areas of Europe. The IAEA was central in organising the response to the accident and set up the Emergency Response System based upon their experiences. Also there was a series of accidents in the following years, often ass

J A B Gibson

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z