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1

Air Shipment of Spent Nuclear Fuel from Romania to Russia  

SciTech Connect

Romania successfully completed the world’s first air shipment of spent nuclear fuel transported in Type B(U) casks under existing international laws and without shipment license special exceptions when the last Romanian highly enriched uranium (HEU) spent nuclear fuel was transported to the Russian Federation in June 2009. This air shipment required the design, fabrication, and licensing of special 20 foot freight containers and cask tiedown supports to transport the eighteen TUK 19 shipping casks on a Russian commercial cargo aircraft. The new equipment was certified for transport by road, rail, water, and air to provide multi modal transport capabilities for shipping research reactor spent fuel. The equipment design, safety analyses, and fabrication were performed in the Russian Federation and transport licenses were issued by both the Russian and Romanian regulatory authorities. The spent fuel was transported by truck from the VVR S research reactor to the Bucharest airport, flown by commercial cargo aircraft to the airport at Yekaterinburg, Russia, and then transported by truck to the final destination in a secure nuclear facility at Chelyabinsk, Russia. This shipment of 23.7 kg of HEU was coordinated by the Russian Research Reactor Fuel Return Program (RRRFR), as part of the U.S. Department of Energy Global Threat Reduction Initiative (GTRI), in close cooperation with the Rosatom State Atomic Energy Corporation and the International Atomic Energy Agency, and was managed in Romania by the National Commission for Nuclear Activities Control (CNCAN). This paper describes the planning, shipment preparations, equipment design, and license approvals that resulted in the safe and secure air shipment of this spent nuclear fuel.

Igor Bolshinsky; Ken Allen; Lucian Biro; Alexander Buchelnikov

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

CO2 Emissions - Romania  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Centrally Planned Europe Romania CO2 Emissions from Romania Data graphic Data CO2 Emissions from Romania image Per capita CO2 Emission Estimates for Romania...

3

RUSSIA - Springer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The main Members demanding unification of oil and gas prices in. Russia are ..... 1972/2002 dated November 5, 2002 amending Regulation (EC) No. 384/96.

4

Export.gov - World Wide Offices  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Argentina Hong Kong Poland Australia Hungary Portugal Austria India Qatar Belgium Indonesia Romania Brazil Iraq Russia Bulgaria Ireland Saudi Arabia Canada Israel Serbia Chile...

5

Country Names used in SPIRES  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nigeria North Korea Norway Oman Pakistan Palestine Papua New Guinea Peru Philippines Poland Polynesia Portugal Qatar Romania Russia Rwanda Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia and...

6

FSU/Eastern Europe: Russia spearheads small upturn  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper discusses the political and legal scene in Russia, domestic restructuring, exploration, drilling, development by Western companies and by Russian companies, and production. Exploration and development in Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Armenia, Belarus, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Serbia are also discussed.

NONE

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Research Reactor Preparations for the Air Shipment of Highly Enriched Uranium from Romania  

SciTech Connect

In June 2009 two air shipments transported both unirradiated (fresh) and irradiated (spent) Russian-origin highly enriched uranium (HEU) nuclear fuel from two research reactors in Romania to the Russian Federation for conversion to low enriched uranium. The Institute for Nuclear Research at Pitesti (SCN Pitesti) shipped 30.1 kg of HEU fresh fuel pellets to Dimitrovgrad, Russia and the Horia Hulubei National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering (IFIN-HH) shipped 23.7 kilograms of HEU spent fuel assemblies from the VVR S research reactor at Magurele, Romania, to Chelyabinsk, Russia. Both HEU shipments were coordinated by the Russian Research Reactor Fuel Return Program (RRRFR) as part of the U.S. Department of Energy Global Threat Reduction Initiative (GTRI), were managed in Romania by the National Commission for Nuclear Activities Control (CNCAN), and were conducted in cooperation with the Russian Federation State Corporation Rosatom and the International Atomic Energy Agency. Both shipments were transported by truck to and from respective commercial airports in Romania and the Russian Federation and stored at secure nuclear facilities in Russia until the material is converted into low enriched uranium. These shipments resulted in Romania becoming the 3rd country under the RRRFR program and the 14th country under the GTRI program to remove all HEU. This paper describes the research reactor preparations and license approvals that were necessary to safely and securely complete these air shipments of nuclear fuel.

K. J. Allen; I. Bolshinsky; L. L. Biro; M. E. Budu; N. V. Zamfir; M. Dragusin; C. Paunoiu; M. Ciocanescu

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Romania: Brand-New Engineering Solutions  

SciTech Connect

The HEU spent nuclear fuel transport from Romania was a pilot project in the framework of the Russian Research Reactor Fuel Return Program (RRRFR), being the first fully certified spent nuclear fuel shipment by air. The successful implementation of the Romanian shipment also brought various new technology in the program, further used by other participating countries. Until 2009, the RRRFR program repatriated to the Russian Federation HEU spent nuclear fuel of Russian origin from many countries, like Uzbekistan, Czech Republic, Latvia, Hungary, Kazakhstan and Bulgaria. The means of transport used were various; from specialized TK-5 train for the carriage of Russian TUK-19 transport casks, to platform trains for 20 ft freight ISO containers carrying Czech Skoda VPVR/M casks; from river barge on the Danube, to vessel on the Mediterranean Sea and Atlantic Ocean. Initially, in 2005, the transport plan of the HEU spent nuclear fuel from the National Institute for R&D in Nuclear Physics and Nuclear Engineering 'Horia Hulubei' in Magurele, Romania considered a similar scheme, using the specialized TK-5 train transiting Ukraine to the destination point in the Russian Federation, or, as an alternative, using the means and route of the spent nuclear fuel periodically shipped from the Bulgarian nuclear power plant Kosloduy (by barge on the Danube, and by train through Ukraine to the Russian Federation). Due to impossibility to reach an agreement in due time with the transit country, in February 2007 the US, Russian and Romanian project partners decided to adopt the air shipment of the spent nuclear fuel as prime option, eliminating the need for agreements with any transit countries. By this time the spent nuclear fuel inspections were completed, proving the compliance of the burn-up parameters with the international requirements for air shipments of radioactive materials. The short air route avoiding overflying of any other countries except the country of origin and the country of destination also contributed to the decision making in this issue. The efficient project management and cooperation between the three countries (Russia, Romania and USA) made possible, after two and a half years of preparation work, for the first fully certified spent nuclear fuel air shipment to take place on 29th of June 2009, from Romanian airport 'Henri Coanda' to the Russian airport 'Koltsovo' near Yekaterinburg. One day before that, after a record period of 3 weeks of preparation, another HEU cargo was shipped by air from Romanian Institute for Nuclear Research in Pitesti to Russia, containing fresh pellets and therefore making Romania the third HEU-free country in the RRRFR program.

Ken Allen; Lucian Biro; Nicolae Zamfir; Madalina Budu

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Air Shipment of Highly Enriched Uranium Spent Nuclear Fuel from Romania  

SciTech Connect

Romania safely air shipped 23.7 kilograms of Russian origin highly enriched uranium (HEU) spent nuclear fuel from the VVR S research reactor at Magurele, Romania, to the Russian Federation in June 2009. This was the world’s first air shipment of spent nuclear fuel transported in a Type B(U) cask under existing international laws without special exceptions for the air transport licenses. This shipment was coordinated by the Russian Research Reactor Fuel Return Program (RRRFR), part of the U.S. Department of Energy Global Threat Reduction Initiative (GTRI), in cooperation with the Romania National Commission for Nuclear Activities Control (CNCAN), the Horia Hulubei National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering (IFIN-HH), and the Russian Federation State Corporation Rosatom. The shipment was transported by truck to and from the respective commercial airports in Romania and the Russian Federation and stored at a secure nuclear facility in Russia where it will be converted into low enriched uranium. With this shipment, Romania became the 3rd country under the RRRFR program and the 14th country under the GTRI program to remove all HEU. This paper describes the work, equipment, and approvals that were required to complete this spent fuel air shipment.

K. J. Allen; I. Bolshinsky; L. L. Biro; M. E. Budu; N. V. Zamfir; M. Dragusin

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Russia's sorry infrastructure  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The loss of the nuclear submarine Kursk and the fire in Moscow's TV tower are indications of an infrastructure in grievous disrepair. The outlook for Russia's technological infrastructure remains grim, experts insist. Almost 70 percent of the population ...

J. Oberg

2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

NPP Grassland: Kursk, Russia  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

69 Novocheryomushkinskaya Moscow 117418 RUSSIA co Department of Biology and Microbiology South Dakota State University Brookings, SD 57007 U.S.A. Telephone (U.S.A.): +1 (605)...

12

NPP Grassland: Tuva, Russia  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tuva, Russia, 1978-1985 Tuva, Russia, 1978-1985 [PHOTOGRAPH] Photograph: Forest-steppe foothills near Tuva (click on the photo to view a larger image from this site). Data Citation Cite this data set as follows: Gilmanov, T. G. 1996. NPP Grassland: Tuva, Russia, 1978-1985. Data set. Available on-line [http://www.daac.ornl.gov] from Oak Ridge National Laboratory Distributed Active Archive Center, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A. Description Productivity of an ultra-continental steppe was determined at the Tuva study site from 1978 to 1985. Measurement of monthly dynamics of above-ground plant biomass were made for each growing season (May-August). Cumulative above-ground net primary production was estimated for some years. These data are part of a series of grassland data sets recently

13

NPP Grassland: Otradnoe, Russia  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Otradnoe, Russia, 1969-1973 Otradnoe, Russia, 1969-1973 Data Citation Cite this data set as follows: Gilmanov, T. G. 1996. NPP Grassland: Otradnoe, Russia, 1969-1973. Data set. Available on-line [http://www.daac.ornl.gov] from Oak Ridge National Laboratory Distributed Active Archive Center, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A. Description The productivities of two meadows (i.e., one loamy soil, one sandy soil) were determined at the Otradnoe study site from 1969 to 1973. Measurements of monthly dynamics of above-ground and below-ground plant biomass were made for each growing season (April-October). Above-ground net primary production was estimated for each year. These data are part of a series of grassland data sets recently assembled and checked by Dr. Tagir Gilmanov, which cover a wide range of climate and "continentality" (increasing

14

Saudi Electricity Company | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Electricity Company Electricity Company Jump to: navigation, search Name Saudi Electricity Company Place Riyadh, Saudi Arabia Zip 11416 Sector Solar Product Riyahd-based utility, 80% state-owned and 20% listed, that generates 37GW of electricity from 45 oil and gas-fuelled power plants. Has signalled interest in investing in solar energy, including a 20-30MW plant. References Saudi Electricity Company[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Saudi Electricity Company is a company located in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia . References ↑ "Saudi Electricity Company" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Saudi_Electricity_Company&oldid=350639"

15

AIR SHIPMENT OF HIGHLY ENRICHED URANIUM SPENT NUCLEAR FUEL FROM ROMANIA AND LIBYA  

SciTech Connect

In June 2009 Romania successfully completed the world’s first air shipment of highly enriched uranium (HEU) spent nuclear fuel transported in Type B(U) casks under existing international laws and without special exceptions for the air transport licenses. Special 20-foot ISO shipping containers and cask tiedown supports were designed to transport Russian TUK 19 shipping casks for the Romanian air shipment and the equipment was certified for all modes of transport, including road, rail, water, and air. In December 2009 Libya successfully used this same equipment for a second air shipment of HEU spent nuclear fuel. Both spent fuel shipments were transported by truck from the originating nuclear facilities to nearby commercial airports, were flown by commercial cargo aircraft to a commercial airport in Yekaterinburg, Russia, and then transported by truck to their final destinations at the Production Association Mayak facility in Chelyabinsk, Russia. Both air shipments were performed under the Russian Research Reactor Fuel Return Program (RRRFR) as part of the U.S. National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) Global Threat Reduction Initiative (GTRI). The Romania air shipment of 23.7 kg of HEU spent fuel from the VVR S research reactor was the last of three HEU fresh and spent fuel shipments under RRRFR that resulted in Romania becoming the 3rd RRRFR participating country to remove all HEU. Libya had previously completed two RRRFR shipments of HEU fresh fuel so the 5.2 kg of HEU spent fuel air shipped from the IRT 1 research reactor in December made Libya the 4th RRRFR participating country to remove all HEU. This paper describes the equipment, preparations, and license approvals required to safely and securely complete these two air shipments of spent nuclear fuel.

Christopher Landers; Igor Bolshinsky; Ken Allen; Stanley Moses

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

‹ Countries Russia Background - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

‹ Countries Russia Last Updated: September 18, 2012 full report Background Russia holds the world's largest natural gas reserves, the second-largest coal reserves, and

17

An Energy Overview of Romania  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The DOE Office of Fossil Energy is maintaining a web site that is meant to provide useful business- and energy-related information about countries and regions of the world for exporters, project developers, and researchers. The site consists of more than 130 country pages (organized into seven different world regions), with each country page having its own set of links to information sources about that country. There are also more than 30 Country Energy Overviews at the web site -- each of these is a comprehensive review of a specific country's entire energy situation, including sections on Energy Policy, Oil, Natural Gas, Coal, Hydroelectric/Renewables, Nuclear Power, Energy Transmission Infrastructure, Electricity, Electric Industry Overview, Environmental Activities, Privatization, Trade, and Economic Situation. The specific country highlighted in this Country Energy Overview is Romania. The site is designed to be dynamic. Updates to the overviews will be made as need and resources permit.

anon.

2003-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

18

Saudi Aramco | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Aramco Aramco Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Saudi Aramco Name Saudi Aramco Address North Park 2, Building 3301 Place Dhahran, Saudi Arabia Sector Oil and Gas Product exploration & producing, refining, petrochemicals, distribution, shipping, marketing. Number of employees 10,000+"+" is not declared as a valid unit of measurement for this property. Phone number +9663 872 0115 Website http://www.saudiaramco.com/irj Coordinates 26.2768607°, 50.1472321° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":26.2768607,"lon":50.1472321,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

19

Russia’s Natural Gas Export Potential up to 2050  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent increases in natural gas reserve estimates and advances in shale gas technology make natural gas a fuel with good prospects to serve a bridge to a low-carbon world. Russia is an important energy supplier as it holds ...

Paltsev, Sergey

20

Russia - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Russia's Transneft holds a monopoly over Russia's pipeline network, ... Russia is one of the top producers and consumers of electric power in the world, ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "romania russia saudi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Double-Edged Sword: Russia’s Use of Energy as Leverage in the Near Abroad.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This work explores Russia’s use of energy as leverage in the near abroad. This work argues that different strategies of using energy, such as moderation… (more)

Visotzky, Alexander M.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Romania: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Romania: Energy Resources Romania: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"390px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":46,"lon":25,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

23

Secretary Bodman Travels to Saudi Arabia to Discuss Global Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Saudi Arabia to Discuss Global Energy Saudi Arabia to Discuss Global Energy Investments Secretary Bodman Travels to Saudi Arabia to Discuss Global Energy Investments January 19, 2007 - 10:38am Addthis Furthers Strategic Energy Dialogue between the Nations and Highlights U.S. - Saudi Scientific Innovation RIYADH, SAUDI ARABIA - U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman today continued his six-nation visit to the Middle East and Europe with a two-day stop in Saudi Arabia where he met with Saudi Arabia's Minister of Petroleum and Mineral Resources Ali Ibrahim Al-Naimi to discuss joint energy cooperation. Secretary Bodman also toured the King Abdul-Aziz City for Science and Technology (KACST) and will tour the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology during his visit. "The United States and Saudi Arabia enjoy a relationship of global

24

Architecting the Saudi solar manufacturing : using Enterprise Architecture Framework  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The demand for Saudi oil is increasing locally and internationally, and being one of the major oil exporters in the world, the government of Saudi Arabia needs to balance between local consumption and international demand. ...

Alsultan, Bassel F. (Bassel Fahad)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Russia’s R&D for Low Energy Buildings: Insights for Cooperation with Russia  

SciTech Connect

Russian buildings, Russian buildings sector energy consumption. Russian government has made R&D investment a priority again. The government and private sector both invest in a range of building energy technologies. In particular, heating, ventilation and air conditioning, district heating, building envelope, and lighting have active technology research projects and programs in Russia.

Schaaf, Rebecca E.; Evans, Meredydd

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Russia’s Natural Gas Export Potential up to 2050  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent increases in natural gas reserve estimates and advances in shale gas technology make natural gas a fuel with good prospects to serve a bridge to a low-carbon world. Russia is an important energy supplier as it holds the world largest natural gas reserves and it is the world’s largest exporter of natural gas. Energy was one of the driving forces of Russia’s recent economic recovery from the economic collapse of 1990s. These prospects have changed drastically with a global recession and the collapse of oil and gas prices from their peaks of 2008. An additional factor is an ongoing surge in a liquefied natural gas (LNG) capacity and a development of Central Asia’s and the Middle East gas supplies that can compete with Russian gas in its traditional (European) and potential (Asian) markets. To study the long-term prospects for Russian natural gas, we employ the MIT Emissions Prediction and Policy Analysis (EPPA) model, a computable general equilibrium model of the world economy. While we consider the updated reserve estimates for all world regions, in this paper we focus on the results for Russian natural gas trade. The role of natural gas is explored in the context of several policy assumptions: with no greenhouse gas mitigation policy and scenarios of emissions targets in developed countries. Scenarios where Europe takes on an even more restrictive target of 80

Sergey Paltsev; Sergey Paltsev

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"390px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":25,"lon":45,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

28

Microsoft PowerPoint - Saudi Arabia 2-22-10 final for distribution...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Saudi Arabia 2-22-10 final for distribution.pptx Microsoft PowerPoint - Saudi Arabia 2-22-10 final for distribution.pptx Microsoft PowerPoint - Saudi Arabia 2-22-10 final for...

29

Alumina Production in Russia Part I  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The historical development of Russia's alumina production capacity is closely connected with the development of the Soviet Union's aluminum industry, although ...

30

Power Politics: The Political Economy of Russia's Electricity Sector Liberalization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Most of Russia’s coal fired plants are old, built in the 50spower rely on coal-fired plants, which were uninteresting tocampaign that turned coal fired plants in European Russia

Wenle, Susanne Alice

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

U.S. and Russia Sign Plutonium Disposition Agreement | National...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Agreement U.S. and Russia Sign Plutonium Disposition Agreement September 01, 2000 Washington, DC U.S. and Russia Sign Plutonium Disposition Agreement After two years of...

32

Kenai, AK Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Russia (Dollars per...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Kenai, AK Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Russia (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Kenai, AK Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Russia (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Decade...

33

‹ Countries Saudi Arabia Overview - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Saudi Aramco said that its fields do not require the use of enhanced oil recovery techniques, although fields in the Neutral Zone could require steam flooding.

34

NASA Remote Sensing Validation Data: Saudi Arabia  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

Since 1995, the King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology (KACST) and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) have co-operated to establish a 12 station network of high quality solar radiation monitoring installations across the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. NREL and KACST realized the value of accurate surface solar radiation flux measurements for validation of satellite derived surface and atmospheric solar radiation flux measurements, and is making this data available to support validation of satellite data products related to the NASA Mission to Planet Earth component of the Earth Science Enterprise Earth Observing System (EOS) project to evaluate long term climate trends based on measuements from EOS Terra Platforms. A CIMEL 8 channel sunphotometer for measuring aerosol optical depth at 6 wavelengths and total column water has been deployed at the Solar Village station since February 24, 1999. [Taken from http://rredc.nrel.gov/solar/new_data/Saudi_Arabia/

Myers, Daryl R. (NREL); Al-Abbadi,Naif (King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology, Energy Research Institite); Wilcox, Steve (NREL)

35

Tritium laboratory with multiple purposes at NIPNE Magurele Romania  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Tritium Laboratory from NIPNE (Romania)) is part of Radioisotope Research and Production Center. The Tritium Laboratory has been in operation since 1960, and carries out R and D activities involving tritium sources in gaseous, liquids and solid state, provides specialized service to CANDU NPP Cernavoda (Romania)), and provides tritium assay services to internal and external customers. The paper presents the activities and perspectives of Tritium Laboratory and its performances in accordance with Quality System Management. (authors)

Matei, L.; Postolache, C. [Horia Hulubei, National Inst. for Physics and Nuclear Engineering NIPNE, 407 Atomistilor street, 077125 Magurele Ilfov (Romania)

2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

36

U.S. Exports to Saudi Arabia of Petroleum Coke (Thousand ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Petroleum Coke Exports by Destination; Saudi Arabia Exports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Destination ...

37

Readout of Energy Secretary Chu's Meetings in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Secretary Chu's Meetings in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia Energy Secretary Chu's Meetings in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia Readout of Energy Secretary Chu's Meetings in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia February 22, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis Secretary Chu was in Riyadh today on his first stop of a four-day Middle East trip. He met with King Abdullah, Minister of Petroleum & Mineral Resources Ali Al Naimi and other senior officials. Secretary Chu reaffirmed the United States' commitment to a strong bilateral relationship with the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and discussed energy security, alternative energy technologies, climate change, and science and technology issues. The Secretary began the day with a bilateral meeting with Minister Al Naimi. Topics on the agenda included global energy markets, Saudi Aramco's technology strategy and carbon capture and storage. The

38

Perspectives for logistics clusters development in Russia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis is a normative work aimed at identifying locations in Russia with high, medium and unclear potentials for logistics cluster development. As a framework this work uses four different models of logistics clusters: ...

Tantsuyev, Andriy

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Why Russia is not a state  

SciTech Connect

This article makes two principal points. First the author argues that the Russian federation has never been a state and is not sustainable as a state. Four centrifugal indicators are presented to support this claim: ethnic divisiveness; uncertainty about the legitimacy of Russia`s current borders; competing claims for legitimacy on the part of federal and regional leaders; and army units` unpredictable allegiances. Second, she argues that Soviet policies intended to facilitate central control of the periphery had the perverse effect of creating ethnic identity and demands for national autonomy where, in many cases, they did not exist prior to the Communist regime. Following the introduction, part one briefly reviews the concepts of state, nation, and nationalism and the roles they play in Russia. Criteria for state-hood are discussed. Part two lists the main ethnic groups in Russia and considers the roots of ethnic nationalism in the Russian Federation. Part three discusses confusion over the legitimacy of the physical, economic, and political boundaries of the Russian Federation. Part four discusses political disarray in the center and the regions and the lack of unity among order-enforcing entities. The Volga-Ural region -- where there is a large concentration of nuclear weapons and facilities, and which is especially volatile politically -- is discussed in somewhat more detail. Part five argues that these factors taken together call into question Russia`s identity as a state. The author concludes that Russia remains a multi-ethnic empire in which the rule of law is still not supreme.

Stern, J.E.

1993-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

40

Ties That Do Not Bind: Russia and the International Liberal Order  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Iran, Russia, and Afghanistan”, Program on Energy and SustainableIran, Russia, and Afghanistan”, Program on Energy and Sustainable

Krickovic, Andrej

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "romania russia saudi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Saudi Aramco Gas Operations Energy Efficiency Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Saudi Aramco Gas Operations (GO) created energy efficiency strategies for its 5-year business plan (2011-2015), supported by a unique energy efficiency program, to reduce GO energy intensity by 26% by 2015. The program generated an energy savings of $ 8.8 MM, equivalent to 5% energy intensity reduction in 2011 as compared to 2010 level. The program works through a structured process, pre-set energy targets, installations of online energy management tools, and implementation of key high impact energy efficiency initiatives and completion of energy conservation projects. The long-term fruit of the program was recognized as a best practice to be adapted by most of Saudi Aramco facilities. The generation of innovative energy saving ideas under implementation resulted in potential energy savings of $23 MM. This paper confirms what many others in the industry have found, the opportunity is significant. The author illustrates GO organization crafted a structured energy efficiency program and innovative approaches to unlock the full potential of higher standards of energy efficiency performance. Gas Operation energy efficiency program will ideally translates energy intensity strategies into realities and transforms the missed opportunities into practical tactics for capturing the millions of dollars of savings potential that exist across GO facilities.

Al-Dossary, F. S.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Seismic Regionalization In Northeast Russia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In an effort to characterize seismicity in support of nuclear explosion monitoring for the continental regions of northeast Russia, we have been analyzing information obtained from regional seismic network operators. Our goal is to merge catalog, bulletin, waveform, and other ground truth data from several regional networks into a comprehensive data set that we will use for various seismic research projects. To date we have compiled a bulletin from published and unpublished event data of about 200,000 events and over 150,000 arrival times. We have also determined that the Russian regional network catalogs are contaminated with mining-explosion events. Hence, one of our primary efforts is to identify mining events when possible and move them into a separate bulletin from the natural earthquakes. We have extended our preliminary analysis of explosion contamination of Russian seismicity catalogs using temporal analysis into the Irkutsk and Chita districts and the Buryat Republic. Based on analysis of epicenters and origin times reported in Material po Seismichnost' Sibiri for 1970 -- 1993, it is likely that considerable explosion contamination occurs in the gold (Bodaibo, northern Irkutsk Region, and in the Chita region), mica (Vitim, northern Irkutsk Region), and other mining areas (Bushulei, Nerchinsk, and Petrovsk in the Buryat and Chita areas). Explosion contamination is also observed in northernmost Mongolia in the mining and industrial district near Darkhan. Explosions associated with the construction of the Baikal-Amur Mainline Railroad are likely, as was observed in the Amur district; however, the amount of natural seismicity dominates the activity and makes it impossible to resolve the railroad separately. In conjunction with the Magadan Seismic Network operators,...

Kevin Mackey Kazuya; Kazuya Fujita; Lee K. Steck; Hans E. Hartse

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Support for court-yard houses : Riyad, Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The objective of this report is to explore the application of the support concept in the Saudi Arabian context, as a result of the author's interest in the concept of user participation. To do so, the following steps were ...

Akbar, Jamel A

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Well-logging activities in Russia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The report is a brief survey of the current state of well-logging service in Russia (number and types of crews, structure of well-logging jobs, types of techniques used, well-logging equipment, auxiliary downhole jobs, etc.). Types and peculiarities of well data acquisition and processing hardware and software are discussed (petrophysics included). New well-logging technologies used in Russia (new methods of electric logging data processing, electromagnetic logging, pulse neutron logging, nuclear magnetic resonance logging, acoustic tomography, logging-testing-logging technique, etc.) are surveyed. Comparison of the Tengiz field (Kazakhstan) well data obtained by Schlumberger and Neftegazgeofizika Association crews is given. Several problems and drawbacks in equipment and technology used by well-logging crews in Russia are discussed.

Savostyanov, N.A. (Neftegazgeofizika, Moscow (Russian Federation))

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Russia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Russia: Energy Resources Russia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"390px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":60,"lon":100,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

46

Screening criteria for enhanced recovery of Saudi crude oils  

SciTech Connect

This investigation studies and analyzes the screening guides that can be used to select the applicable enhanced oil recovery (EOR) method under Saudi oil field conditions. Based on the analysis of data obtained from 186 Saudi formations, the crude oils are produced from low to intermediate permeability formations in the range of 1-1500 millidarcies. The original reservoirs' pressure and temperature range from 2000 to 5500 psi and from 140 to 240{degrees}F, respectively. The porosity of the formations varies from 10 to 30% and the formations thickness ranges from 10 to 300 feet. The reservoirs of Saudi Arabia are characterized by high formation water salinity, which can be as high as 30% by weight. Saudi oil formations are characterized by connate water in the range of 10-50%. Thus residual oil saturation is expected to be high. The viscosity of most Saudi crude oils ranges from 0.10 to 10 centipoise. The API gravity ranges from 15 to 45. The basic parameters studied include formation permeability, porosity, and thickness; reservoir pressure and temperature; crude oil viscosity and API gravity, formation connate water saturation and its salinity, and formation type and heterogeneity. Based on the screening analysis the most suitable technical methods applicable to Saudi oil fields are the miscible processes using gases.

Sayyouh, M.H.; Al-Blehed (Petroleum Engineering Dept., King Saud Univ., Riyadh (SA))

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

A Cloud-to-Ground Lightning Climatology for Romania  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The first study of the characteristics of cloud-to-ground (CG) lightning in Romania, based on the data recorded by the Romanian National Lightning Detection Network (RNLDN), is presented. The data, more than 1.75 million CG flashes, covers the ...

Bogdan Antonescu; Sorin Burcea

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

(M)other Russia: Evolution or Revolution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) Faradzh Karaev ..."Monsieur Bee Line" - Eccentric (1997) (b.1943, Azerbaijan/Russia) (introduced, Kancheli, Gubaidulina, Korndorf and Smirnov for Chandos, Naxos and BMG. FARADZH KARAEV was born in Baku,Azerbaijan in 1943. In 1966 graduated with distinction from the Azerbaijan State Conservatoire, majoring

Miranda, Eduardo Reck

49

Russia: "national subjects" between unity and secession  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

After the implosion of communism in the USSR (1991) was a real disintegration of the Soviet space, which resulted in five sets geopolitical: Russian Federation, Baltic States, Eastern European States, States Transcaucasian and Central Asian States. In ... Keywords: "national subjects", Russia, democratization, secession, unity

Teodor Simion; Gica Pehoiu; ?tefan Ispas

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Russia's role in the Kyoto Protocol  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As a result of the allocation of emissions reductions, and the differential willingness of countries to ratify, it turns out that Russia is a central player in the Kyoto Protocol. With the U.S. out and Japan and the EU ...

Bernard, Alain.

51

Development of the Electricity Carbon Emission Factors for Russia | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

the Electricity Carbon Emission Factors for Russia the Electricity Carbon Emission Factors for Russia Jump to: navigation, search Name Development of the Electricity Carbon Emission Factors for Russia Agency/Company /Organization European Bank for Reconstruction and Development Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy Topics GHG inventory Resource Type Publications Website http://www.lahmeyer.de/fileadm Country Russia Eastern Europe References Development of the Electricity Carbon Emission Factors for Russia[1] References ↑ "Development of the Electricity Carbon Emission Factors for Russia" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Development_of_the_Electricity_Carbon_Emission_Factors_for_Russia&oldid=383164" Category: Programs What links here Related changes Special pages

52

Saudi Aramco Mobile Refinery Company (SAMREF) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Saudi Aramco Mobile Refinery Company (SAMREF) Saudi Aramco Mobile Refinery Company (SAMREF) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Saudi Aramco Mobile Refinery Company (SAMREF) Name Saudi Aramco Mobile Refinery Company (SAMREF) Address P.O. Box 30078 Place Yanbu, Saudi Arabia Sector Oil and Gas Product Crude Oil Refining Phone number (966) (4) 396-4443 Website http://www.samref.com.sa/ Coordinates 24.0866932°, 38.0585527° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":24.0866932,"lon":38.0585527,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

53

Industry sector analysis - oil, gas, transmission profile (Romania) 1994. Export trade information  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article is derived from a telegraphic report dated 25 March 1994, prepared at the American Embassy - Bucharest. It discusses oil and gas transmission facilities in Romania.

Not Available

1994-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

54

Dhahran, Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dhahran, Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources Dhahran, Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Name Dhahran, Saudi Arabia Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 107797 Coordinates 17.433333°, 43.216667° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":17.433333,"lon":43.216667,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

55

Riyadh, Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Riyadh, Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources Riyadh, Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Name Riyadh, Saudi Arabia Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 108410 Coordinates 24.640833°, 46.772778° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":24.640833,"lon":46.772778,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

56

Yanbu, Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Yanbu, Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources Yanbu, Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Name Yanbu, Saudi Arabia Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 100425 Coordinates 24.085278°, 38.048611° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":24.085278,"lon":38.048611,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

57

Transition from HEU to LEU fuel in Romania`s 14-MW TRIGA reactor  

SciTech Connect

The 14-MW TRIGA steady state reactor (SSR) located in Pitesti, Romania, first went critical in the fall of 1979. Initially, the core configuration for full power operation used 29 fuel clusters each containing a 5 {times} 5 square array of HEU (10 wt%) -- ZrH -- Er (2.8 wt%) fuel-moderator rods (1.295 cm o.d.) clad in Incology. With a total inventory of 35 HEU fuel clusters, burnup considerations required a gradual expansion of the core from 29 to 32 and finally to 35 clusters before the reactor was shut down because of insufficient excess reactivity. At this time each of the original 29 fuel clusters had an overage {sup 235}U burnup in the range from 50 to 62%. Because of the US policy regarding the export of highly enriched uranium, fresh HEU TRIGA replacement fuel is not available. After a number of safety-related measurements, the SSR is expected to resume full power operation in the near future using a mixed core containing five LEU TRIGA clusters of the same geometry as the original fuel but with fuel-moderator rods containing 45 wt% U (19.7% {sup 235}U enrichment) and 1.1 wt% Er. Rods for 14 additional LEU fuel clusters will be fabricated by General Atomics. In support of the SSR mixed core operation numerous neutronic calculations have been performed. This paper presents some of the results of those calculations.

Bretscher, M.M.; Snelgrove, J.L.

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

58

Deputy Secretary Poneman to Travel to Russia | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Poneman to Travel to Russia Poneman to Travel to Russia Deputy Secretary Poneman to Travel to Russia December 3, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis Washington, D.C. - On Monday, December 6, U.S. Deputy Secretary of Energy Daniel Poneman will travel to Russia as part of the ongoing cooperation between the two countries on nuclear security and peaceful nuclear energy issues. On Tuesday, Deputy Secretary Poneman will co-chair the U.S.-Russia Nuclear Energy and Nuclear Security Working Group Plenary Meeting with Director General of the State Atomic Energy Corporation "Rosatom" Sergei Kiriyenko. The Working Group was established under the U.S.-Russia Bilateral Presidential Commission at the July 2009 Presidential Summit. Last fall, Director Kiriyenko visited the United States for the first meetings of the

59

Heat pump assisted geothermal heating system for Felix Spa, Romania  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper presents a pre-feasibility type study of a proposed heat pump assisted geothermal heating system for an average hotel in Felix Spa, Romania. After a brief presentation of the geothermal reservoir, the paper gives the methodology and the results of the technical and economical calculations. The technical and economical viability of the proposed system is discussed in detail in the final part of the paper.

Rosca, Marcel; Maghiar, Teodor

1996-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

60

Russia's Soft Underbelly: The Stability of Instability in Dagestan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Caucasus Mountains, wars between newly independent Georgia andGeorgia is no longer operational. The only railroad connecting Russia to the South Caucasus

Walker, Edward W.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "romania russia saudi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Russia - Analysis - U.S. Energy Information Administration ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Search EIA.gov. A-Z Index; ... Russia is the second country in the world in terms of number of ... a number of international oil companies attempted ...

62

oil and Gas Resources of the West Siberian Basin, Russia  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy Information Administration Oil and Gas Resources of the West Siberian Basin, Russia 29 Appendix A Petroleum Geology The petroleum geology discussion is copied ...

63

Under U.S.-Russia Partnership, Final Shipment of Fuel Converted...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1993 U.S.-Russia HEU Purchase Agreement; U.S. and Russia Pledge to Future Nuclear Nonproliferation Collaboration WASHINGTON, D.C. - The United States and Russia are today...

64

Modern Wood Energy Systems and Markets 16-17 September 2008, Timisoara, Romania  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Modern Wood Energy Systems and Markets 16-17 September 2008, Timisoara, Romania International Wood Energy Market Developments Ed Pepke Forest Products Marketing Specialist UNECE/FAO Timber Section, Geneva #12;Modern Wood Energy Systems and Markets 16-17 September 2008, Timisoara, Romania Subjects I

65

Inverse modeling and forecasting for the exploitation of the Pauzhetsky geothermal field, Kamchatka, Russia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Heat and mass transfer in geothermal systems of Kamchatka.study of the Pauzhetsky geothermal field, Kamchatka, Russia.Modeling the Pauzhetsky geothermal field, Kamchatka, Russia.

Kiryukhin, A.V.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

U.S. And Russia Complete Nuclear Security Upgrades Under Bratislava...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

And Russia Complete Nuclear Security Upgrades Under Bratislava Initiative U.S. And Russia Complete Nuclear Security Upgrades Under Bratislava Initiative December 23, 2008 - 9:18am...

67

Russia pins energy hopes on western Siberia gas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reports that natural gas, not oil or coal, will pull Russia out of its fuel production slump by the end of the century, predicts a recently disclosed study by Moscow's leading energy specialists. Western investment in Russia's natural gas industry is now being proposed on a scale rivaling foreign outlays for joint ventures aimed at stabilizing the republic's oil production.

Not Available

1992-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

68

U.S. Energy Secretary Visits Saudi Arabia | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia U.S. Energy Secretary Visits Saudi Arabia November 17, 2005 - 2:48pm Addthis Meeting with Minister Al-Naimi, tour of Shaybah oil field, and kick-off of International Energy Forum highlight four-day visit DHAHRAN, SAUDI ARABIA - U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman is continuing his four-day visit to the Middle East in Saudi Arabia today, meeting with Saudi Arabia's Minister of Petroleum and Mineral Resources Ali bin Ibrahim Al-Naimi, touring the Aramco headquarters and visiting Aramco's Shaybah oil field. "Consumers of energy and producers of energy are becoming ever-more intertwined, and a strong, vibrant relationship will help us work together for years to come," Secretary Bodman said. "It's important that we understand each other and recognize each other's needs for both the short

69

Russia-USAID Climate Activities | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

USAID Climate Activities USAID Climate Activities Jump to: navigation, search Name Russia-USAID Climate Activities Agency/Company /Organization U.S. Agency for International Development Partner U.S. Forest Service Sector Land Focus Area Forestry Topics Background analysis Website http://www.usaid.gov/our_work/ Country Russia Eastern Europe References USAID Russia[1] "Currently, USAID/Russia addresses global climate change issues through its support to the U.S. Forest Service (USFS). Forests play an important role in mitigating the effects of climate change; therefore establishing good management practices and avoiding deforestation are critical. USFS collaboration with Russia focuses on sustainable forest management topics, including inventory and monitoring, fire management, illegal logging, and

70

Russia Federation Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Centrally Planned Europe Centrally Planned Europe » Russian Federation Russia Federation Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions Graph graphic Graphics Data graphic Data Trends Since 1992 total fossil-fuel CO2 emissions from the Russian Federation have dropped 23% to 466 million metric tons of carbon, still the fourth largest emitting country in the world and the largest emitter of the republics comprising the former USSR. Emissions from gas consumption still represent the largest fraction (49.1%) of Russia's emissions and only recently have returned to the 1992 level. Emissions from coal consumption have dropped 25.5% since 1992 and presently account for 26.6% of Russia's emissions. Russia has the largest population of any Eastern European country with a population of 141 million people. From a per capita standpoint, Russia's

71

Secretary Bodman Travels to Russia to Advance Energy Security | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Russia to Advance Energy Security Russia to Advance Energy Security Secretary Bodman Travels to Russia to Advance Energy Security March 15, 2006 - 12:20pm Addthis Promotes Transparent Markets and Clean Energy Technologies; Participates in G8 Energy Ministerial and Delivers Remarks on the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership MOSCOW, RUSSIA-U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman today began a two-day visit to Russia where he will lead the U.S. delegation to the G8 Energy Ministerial. During his visit the Secretary will promote greater energy security through the use of advanced energy technologies, the promotion of stable and transparent investment climates, and increased conservation and energy efficiency. Secretary Bodman will also deliver remarks to the Carnegie Center on the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership

72

Changes in Russia's Military and Nuclear Doctrine  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In 1993, the Russian Federation set out a new military doctrine that would determine the direction of its armed forces until President Putin set out the next doctrine in 2000. The Russian Federation creating the doctrine was new; the USSR had recently collapsed, Gorbachev - the creator of the predecessor to this doctrine in 1987 - was out of office, and the new Russian military had only been formed in May, 1992.1 The analysis of the 1993 doctrine is as follows: a definition of how doctrine is defined; a short history of Russian military doctrine leading up to the 1993 doctrine (officially the Basic Provisions of the Military Doctrine of the Russian Federation); and finally, what the doctrine established. An overview of the 1993 doctrine is: (1) Russia's 1993 doctrine was a return to older, more aggressive doctrine as a result of stability concerns surrounding the recent collapse of the USSR; (2) Russia turned from Gorbachev's 'defensive defense' in the 1987 doctrine to aggressive defense with the option of preempting or striking back against an aggressor; (3) Russia was deeply concerned about how nationalism would affect the former Soviet Republics, particularly in respect to the ethnic Russians still living abroad; and (4) Nuclear doctrine pledged to not be the first to use nuclear weapons but provided for the potential for escalation from a conventional to a nuclear war. The 2000 doctrine (officially the Russian Federation Military Doctrine) was created in a more stable world than the 1993 doctrine was. The Russian Federation had survived independence and the 'threat of direct military aggression against the Russian Federation and its allies' had diminished. It had secured all of the nuclear weapons from its neighbors Ukraine, Belarus, and Kazakhstan, and had elected a new president, Vladimir Putin, to replace Boris Yeltsin. Yet, even as the doctrine took more defensive tones than the 1993 doctrine, it expanded its nuclear options. Below are a new definition of what doctrine meant in 2000 and an outline of the 2000 doctrine. An overview of the 2000 doctrine is: (1) The 2000 doctrine was a return to a more defensive posture; the threat of nuclear retaliation, rather than that of preemptive force, would be its deterrence; (2) In order to strengthen its nuclear deterrence, Russia extended and redefined the cases in which nuclear weapons could be used to include a wider range of conflict types and a larger spectrum of attackers; and (3) Russia's threats changed to reflect its latest fear of engaging in a limited conflict with no prospect of the use of nuclear deterrence. In 2006, the defense minister and deputy prime minister Sergei Ivanov announced that the government was starting on a draft of a future doctrine. Four years later, in 2010, the Military Doctrine of the Russian Federation was put into effect with the intent of determining Russian doctrine until 2020. The 2010 doctrine, like all previous doctrines, was a product of the times in which it was written. Gone were many of the fears that had followed Russia for the past two decades. Below are an examination of the 2010 definition of doctrine as well as a brief analysis of the 2010 doctrine and its deviations from past doctrines. An overview of the 2010 doctrine is: (1) The new doctrine emphasizes the political centralization of command both in military policy and the use of nuclear weapons; (2) Nuclear doctrine remains the same in many aspects including the retention of first-use; (3) At the same time, doctrine was narrowed to using nuclear weapons only when the Russian state's existence is in danger; to continue strong deterrence, Russia also opted to follow the United States by introducing precision conventional weapons; (4) NATO is defined as Russia's primary external threat because of its increased global presence and its attempt to recruit states that are part of the Russian 'bloc'; and (5) The 2000 doctrine's defensive stance was left out of the doctrine; rumored options for use of nuclear weapons in local wars and in preemptive strikes were also left out.

Wolkov, Benjamin M. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Balatsky, Galya I. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

73

Macroeconomic determinants of the stock market movements: empirical evidence from the Saudi stock market.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This dissertation investigates the long run and short run relationships between Saudi stock market returns and eight macroeconomic variables. We investigate the ability of these… (more)

Alshogeathri, Mofleh Ali Mofleh

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

NREL: News Feature - Saudi Arabia Looks to NREL for Solar Monitoring...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

resource. The importance of setting up networks to gauge and predict the strength of solar radiation in varying meteorological conditions convinced the Saudis to choose NREL...

75

Teacher's Attitudes towards Integrating Technology: Case Studies in Saudi Arabia and the United States.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study examines teachers' attitudes towards integrating technology in Saudi Arabia and the United States. A case study approach was used to identify several factors… (more)

Alharbi, Asma Mohammed

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Identification of Business Opportunities within the solar industry for Saudi Arabian Companies.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? This master thesis report presents a prefeasibility analysis for a Saudi Company to enter the solar industry.Section one of this report illustrates the value… (more)

Retana Herrera, Julio

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

SOLERAS - Solar Energy Water Desalination Project. Solar energy falling on Yanbu, Saudi Arabia, August 1985  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The direct normal and total horizontal insolation that fell on the Yanbu, Saudi Arabia solar powered desolation site during the month of August 1985 are presented. (BCS)

Not Available

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Saudi Arabia's Oil Minister: Address to US independent producers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The issue of Energy Detente is designed to promote better understanding of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) through its self-image and its view of the world. The OPEC News Agency coverage and other OPEC materials are tapped to illustrate some key points in a speech about energy security from Saudi Arabia's Oil Minister. This paper from His Excellency Ibrahim M. Nazer is offered in an effort to share his message from the world's largest oil exporter to the world's largest oil consumer. This issue also provides selected statistics and statements from OPEC, both to put Saudi Arabia's statements in context of its commitment to OPEC and to reveal the striking similarity between the country's and the organization's positions. This issue also contains the following: (1) ED Refining Netback Data Series for the U.S. Gulf and West Coasts, Rotterdam, and Singapore as of March 23, 1990; Hemisphere, March 1990 edition. 6 figs., 5 tabs.

Not Available

1990-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

79

RussiaLANLV3-web.indd  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Despite the high quality of the work being conducted under the US/Russian Science and Despite the high quality of the work being conducted under the US/Russian Science and Technology collaborations, the product of that work will inevitably be underutilized unless it is disseminated to the broader scientifi c community. In response to this realization, and with the objective of maximizing the benefi t of the collaboration, the researchers involved in these collaborations often publish their work. This particular project has resulted in the publication (by Springer-Verlag) of an extensive (over 400 pages) book on the topic of shock physics. The fi rst line of the preface reads, "This book is the result of collaboration between the Russian Federal Nuclear Center - All Russian Scientifi c Research Institute of Experimental Physics (RFNC-VNIIEF) located in Sarov, Russia, and the University of California-Los Alamos

80

CRUDE OIL PRICE FLUCTUATIONS AND SAUDI ARABIAN BEHAVIOUR by  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The responsibility for the contents of the working paper rests with the author, not the Institute. Since working papers are of a preliminary nature, it may be useful to contact the author of a particular working paper about results or caveats before referring to, or quoting, a paper. Any comments on working papers should be sent directly to the author. CRUDE OIL PRICE FLUCTUATIONS AND SAUDI ARABIAN BEHAVIOUR* This study seeks to explain why crude oil prices fluctuate, the main cause being the quota regime, which characterises the OPEC agreements. Given that the Saudi oil supply is inelastic in the short term, a shock in the oil market is accommodated by an immediate price change. In contrast, a dominant firm behaviour in the long term causes an output change, which is accompanied by a smaller price change. This explains why oil prices overshoot. The results of a general equilibrium model applied to Saudi Arabia support this analysis. They also indicate that Saudi Arabia does not have any incentive in altering the crude oil market equilibrium with either positive or negative supply shocks; and that its behaviour is asymmetric in the presence of world demand shocks, having an incentive (disincentive) in intervening if a negative (positive) demand shock hits the crude oil market. A second set of simulations is designed to understand what might be a correct OECD policy to lower prices. A tax cut would worsen the situation, whereas policies which can increase the price elasticity of demand seem to be very effective. * I have benefited from discussions with Christiane Kasten, Bodo Steiner and Manfred Wiebelt. All errors are my responsibility.

Roberto A. De Santis; Roberto A. De Santis

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "romania russia saudi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Working with Russia | Y-12 National Security Complex  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Working with Russia Working with Russia Working with Russia Posted: February 11, 2013 - 3:34pm | Y-12 Report | Volume 9, Issue 2 | 2013 For decades official maps did not show Zheleznogorsk, Russia. Created in 1950 to produce weapons-grade plutonium, the Siberian city of about 90,000 existed in secrecy until the Cold War's close in 1991. The end of that conflict between the U.S. and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics meant the end of weapons production, causing thousands of highly skilled Russian nuclear workers to lose their livelihood. "As the Russians were reducing the number of personnel in the weapons business, the U.S. didn't want the workers to be desperate and wonder how they were going to feed their families," said Y-12 Program Manager Ken Williams.

82

Russia-Making Energy Efficiency Real (MEER) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Russia-Making Energy Efficiency Real (MEER) Russia-Making Energy Efficiency Real (MEER) Jump to: navigation, search Name Russia-Making Energy Efficiency Real (MEER) Agency/Company /Organization International Partnership for Energy Efficiency Cooperation (IPEEC) Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, People and Policy Topics Adaptation, Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access, Finance, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, Market analysis, Pathways analysis, Policies/deployment programs Country Russia Eastern Europe References International Partnership for Energy Efficiency Cooperation[1] Program Overview The MEER will include a comprehensive inventory of international energy efficiency projects, as well as in-depth analysis of the opportunities to increase market penetration of EE. MEER will explore the role of international institutions in addressing key

83

Power Politics: The Political Economy of Russia's Electricity Sector Liberalization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Peter Evans. "The State and the Economy." In The Handbook ofDoes Russia Have A "Market Economy"?" East European PoliticsSystem : The Political Economy of Communism. Princeton,

Wenle, Susanne Alice

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

U.S. Natural Gas Exports to Russia  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

TX Roma, TX Total to Portugal Sabine Pass, LA Total to Russia Kenai, AK Total to South Korea Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA Total to Spain Cameron, LA Sabine Pass, LA Total to...

85

U.S. Natural Gas Exports to Russia  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Rio Bravo, TX Roma, TX Total to Portugal Sabine Pass, LA Total to Russia Total to South Korea Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA Total to Spain Cameron, LA Sabine Pass, LA Total to...

86

oil and Gas Resources of the West Siberian Basin, Russia  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy Information Administration Oil and Gas Resources of the West Siberian Basin, Russia 139 Appendix D Field Summaries Tables 1D and 2D lists the fields of the West

87

Operational results from the Saudi Solar Village Photovoltaic power system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The world's largest photovoltaic power system was carried into the operation phase a few months ago. This system was developed and fabricated in the United States and it is providing electrical energy to three remote villages in Saudi Arabia. The facility includes a 350 kW photovoltaic array, 1-MW diesel powered generator, 1100 kWH lead acid batteries, a 300 KVA inverter and a solar weather data monitoring station. The photovoltaic power system is capable of completely automatic operation. It is designed to operate in stand-alone and cogeneration modes of operation.

Huraib, F.; Al-Sani, A.; Khoshami, B.H.

1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Gas turbine operating and maintenance experience in Saudi Arabia  

SciTech Connect

Operation and maintenance of the gas turbines in Saudi Arabia, utilized to drive crude oil shipping pumps and process gas compressors, are discussed. Operation on wet, sour gas is taken into account, emphasizing the hot corrosion problem and the approaches taken to solve it. Intake air filtration is examined, indicating that as a result of an in depth study it was decided to retrofit the turbines with a three stage air filtration system. The methods for applying corrosion resistant coatings to the blades are considered, as are the overhaul logistics and the repair procedures.

Anderson, A.W.

1979-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Hating the Bear? : Root Causes of Perceived anti-Russian Slant in Western News Coverage of the 2008 Russia-Georgia War  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Russia & Georgia: The Fallout. 22 August 2008. http://Russia & Georgia: The Fallout, August 22, 2008; http://

Spivakovsky-Gonzalez, Pedro

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Seismic Monitoring Of Blasting Activity In Russia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Two significant mining regions in Russia lie near Novosibirsk and at the Kursk Magnetic Anomaly. A small percentage of events from these areas trigger the International Monitoring System (IMS). We have studied IMS recordings of events from these areas with the main goal of better understanding how these blasts are detonated and how these events will be most effectively monitored using IMS data. We have collected ground-truth information on the mining blasts and crustal structure in the area to facilitate modeling of the events. We have focused on sifting out from further consideration routine mining events and identifying detonation anomalies. We define master traces to represent tight clusters of mining events and to be used to identify anomalous events. We have examined recordings of events from eight significant event clusters in the 500-km-long Kuzbass/Abakan mining trend near Novosibirsk. The recordings were made by the IMS station ZAL. We see significant variations in the P onset and early coda between different events in clusters. We have found strong evidence of a detonation anomaly in just one of the events (out of 178 examined). Differences in the onset wave trains are attributed largely to differences in the firing patterns. Time independent spectral modulations have been observed in seismic signals produced by delay-fired mining events in mining regions throughout the world. The Novosibirsk trend is no exception to this rule. Delay-fired events in many mining regions, such as Kuzbass/Abakan, are also commonly associated with enhanced long-period (2- to 8-s) surface waves. The mine blasts in Russian mining regions appear, seismically, to resemble large blasts recorded in other regions (such as Wyoming). Techniques found to be effective in Wyoming, reviewed by...

Michael Hedlin University; Michael A. H. Hedlin

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Nuclear Energy Governance and the Politics of Social Justice: Technology, Public Goods, and Redistribution in Russia and France  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with Russia", The Nonproliferation Review, Summer 2001. 11with Russia", The Nonproliferation Review, Summer 2001.both power generation and nonproliferation purposes, state

Grigoriadis, Theocharis N

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

United States-Russia Joint Statement on the Results of the Nuclear...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

States-Russia Joint Statement on the Results of the Nuclear Energy and Nuclear Security Working Group Meeting United States-Russia Joint Statement on the Results of the Nuclear...

93

United States, Russia Sign Agreement to Further Research and Development  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

United States, Russia Sign Agreement to Further Research and United States, Russia Sign Agreement to Further Research and Development Collaboration in Nuclear Energy and Security United States, Russia Sign Agreement to Further Research and Development Collaboration in Nuclear Energy and Security September 16, 2013 - 11:18am Addthis NEWS MEDIA CONTACT (202) 586-4940 VIENNA - U.S. Secretary of Energy Ernest Moniz and Director General of the Russian Federation State Corporation "Rosatom" Sergey Kirienko today signed the Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Russian Federation on Cooperation in Nuclear- and Energy-Related Scientific Research and Development on the margins of the International Atomic Energy Agency's General Conference in Vienna, Austria. The Agreement provides the legal framework necessary to expand cooperation

94

United States, Russia Sign Agreement to Further Research and Development  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

States, Russia Sign Agreement to Further Research and States, Russia Sign Agreement to Further Research and Development Collaboration in Nuclear Energy and Security United States, Russia Sign Agreement to Further Research and Development Collaboration in Nuclear Energy and Security September 16, 2013 - 11:18am Addthis NEWS MEDIA CONTACT (202) 586-4940 VIENNA - U.S. Secretary of Energy Ernest Moniz and Director General of the Russian Federation State Corporation "Rosatom" Sergey Kirienko today signed the Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Russian Federation on Cooperation in Nuclear- and Energy-Related Scientific Research and Development on the margins of the International Atomic Energy Agency's General Conference in Vienna, Austria. The Agreement provides the legal framework necessary to expand cooperation

95

oil and Gas Resources of the West Siberian Basin, Russia  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

report was prepared by the Energy Information Administration, the independent statistical and analytical agency report was prepared by the Energy Information Administration, the independent statistical and analytical agency within the U.S. Department of Energy. The information contained herein should be attributed to the Energy Information Administration and should not be construed as advocating or reflecting any policy of the Department of Energy or any other organization. DOE/EIA - 0617 Distribution Category UC-950 Oil and Gas Resources of the West Siberian Basin, Russia November 1997 Energy Information Administration Office of Oil and Gas U. S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 Energy Information Administration Oil and Gas Resources of the West Siberian Basin, Russia iii Preface Oil and Gas Resources of the West Siberian Basin, Russia is part of the Energy Information Administration's

96

Oil and gas resources in the West Siberian Basin, Russia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The primary objective of this study is to assess the oil and gas potential of the West Siberian Basin of Russia. The study does not analyze the costs or technology necessary to achieve the estimates of the ultimate recoverable oil and gas. This study uses reservoir data to estimate recoverable oil and gas quantities which were aggregated to the field level. Field totals were summed to a basin total for discovered fields. An estimate of undiscovered oil and gas, from work of the US Geological Survey (USGS), was added to give a total basin resource volume. Recent production decline points out Russia`s need to continue development of its discovered recoverable oil and gas. Continued exploration is required to discover additional oil and gas that remains undiscovered in the basin.

NONE

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Russia to import more goods for upstream projects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reports that Russia is stepping up its imports of petroleum hardware. In the latest developments; Nippon Steel Corp. and C. Itoh and Co. Ltd., Tokyo, signed contracts to provide Russia $300 million worth of export credits for steel pipe and undisclosed drilling equipment; Nizhnevartovskneftegaz, a Russian oil and gas production association, asked the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development for a $60 million loan to buy western oil and gas equipment. The hardware, mostly pipe, tools, pumps, and workover rigs, will be used in part to return shut-in wells to production.

Not Available

1992-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

98

Renewable success : development of good architecture in the case of Arriyadh Development Authority, Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ArRiyadh Development Authority (ADA) is an unusual city development authority within the Saudi Arabian government hierarchy. Part of its responsibilities is coordinating and overseeing the design and building of buildings ...

Alkhabbaz, Mohammed H

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

The meeting point : rethinking public space in the city of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Can urban intervention affect social behaviors within a city? And if so, what happens when that city is partial to cultural restrictions? The target in question here is the city of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. The dilemma is that ...

Abuzeid, Reem

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Diagnosis of Tropospheric Moisture over Saudi Arabia and Influences of IOD and ENSO  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A diagnostic study of atmospheric moisture data over Saudi Arabia derived from a 43-yr National Centers for Environmental Prediction–National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCEP–NCAR) reanalysis revealed that moisture convergence in the lower ...

Arun Chakraborty; Swadhin K. Behera; Milind Mujumdar; Ryohji Ohba; Toshio Yamagata

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "romania russia saudi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

U.S. Imports from Saudi Arabia of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels per Day)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Imports from Saudi Arabia of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels per Day) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec; 1973: 351: 255: 390: 290: 366: 434: 644 ...

102

Aggregate model and analysis of the energy dynamics in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is facing a crisis in the near future centered on increasing energy consumption. Today, the kingdom consumes approximately 1/3 of its oil production. If no action is taken and the kingdom continues ...

Al-Ahmed, Khalid A. (Khalid Abdulrahim)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Stakeholder value network analysis for the energy system of Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Saudi Arabia is experiencing a considerable escalation in its consumption of electricity, provoked by economic progress and population increase. Such an escalation threatens the economic output of the Kingdom: more oil and ...

Alonso, Francisco J., S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

SOLERAS - Solar Energy Water Desalination Project. Solar energy falling on Yanbu, Saudi Arabia, May 1985  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Yanbu, Saudi Arabia was selected as the location for the SOLERAS Solar Powered Desalination Plant. The direct normal and total horizontal insolation that fell on the Yanbu solar powered desalination site during the month of May 1985 are presented. (BCS)

Not Available

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

SOLERAS - Solar Energy Water Desalination Project. Solar energy falling on Yanbu, Saudi Arabia, June 1985  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Yanbu, Saudi Arabia was selected as the location for the SOLERAS Solar Powered Desalination Plant. The direct normal and total horizontal insolation that fell on the Yanbu solar powered desalination site during the month of June 1985 are presented. (BCS)

Not Available

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

SOLERAS - Solar Energy Water Desalination Project. Solar energy falling on Yanbu, Saudi Arabia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Yanbu, Saudi Arabia was selected as the location for the SOLERAS Solar Powered Desalination Plant. The direct normal and total horizontal insolation that fell on the Yanbu solar powered desalination site during the month of March 1985 are presented. (BCS)

Not Available

1985-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

SOLERAS - Solar Energy Water Desalination Project. Solar energy falling on Yanbu, Saudi Arabia, April 1985  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Yanbu, Saudi Arabia was selected as the location for the SOLERAS Solar Powered Desalination Plant. The direct normal and total horizontal insolation that fell on the Yanbu solar powered desalination site during the month of April 1985 was presented. (BCS)

Not Available

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Romania-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production (RECP)  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Romania-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production (RECP) Romania-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production (RECP) in Developing and Transition Countries Jump to: navigation, search Name Romania-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production (RECP) in Developing and Transition Countries Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Partner Ministry of Energy, Ministry of Planning, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Environment, Ministry of Industry Sector Climate, Energy, Water Focus Area Renewable Energy, Non-renewable Energy, Agriculture, Economic Development, Goods and Materials, Industry, People and Policy, Water Conservation Topics Background analysis, Co-benefits assessment, - Environmental and Biodiversity, - Health, - Macroeconomic, Finance, GHG inventory, Implementation, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, -NAMA, -Roadmap, -TNA, Market analysis, Pathways analysis, Policies/deployment programs, Resource assessment, Technology characterizations

109

Relasjonen mellom Iran og Saudi-Arabia : en studie av årsakene til den økte graden av samarbeid etter 1997.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Sammendrag Etter 1997 har det blitt observert større grad av samarbeid mellom Iran og Saudi-Arabia. Denne oppgaven søker å avdekke hvilke årsaker som har påvirket… (more)

Næss, Cecilie

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

Repowering the 250 MW Supercritical Power Plant at Lenenergo, Russia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes the repowering of a supercritical 250 MW generating unit with an ABB 52.9 MN gas turbine at the Southern Plant of the Lenenergo system in Russia. It includes a review of the performance parameters of the repowered unit and an economic analysis of the repowering project.

1999-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

111

10/9/2003 1 Export of biomass from Russia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

10/9/2003 1 Export of biomass from Russia in the context of climate change policies By: Hans Jansen of the forest sector · Customs cooperation · Timber port logistics · Trade facilitation procedures · Biomass;The Russian FederationThe Russian Federation #12;Biomass as Alternative Energy "Organic matter

112

Mercantilist Development in Russia: The Legitimacy of State Power, State Identity, and the Energy Charter Regime (1990 - 2010)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chapter Five: Russia as Apprentice Under Yeltsin – Statepretender, disciple, and apprentice – that can be used toapprentice

Barkanov, Boris

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Secretary Chu to Travel to Russia Next Week | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

to Travel to Russia Next Week to Travel to Russia Next Week Secretary Chu to Travel to Russia Next Week June 3, 2011 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON - U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu will travel to Russia from June 6-11 where he will highlight the tremendous potential for mutually beneficial cooperation and shared economic opportunities with Russia in the areas of innovative clean energy technology, safe and reliable civilian nuclear power, best practices in energy efficiency, and nuclear non-proliferation. The visit will promote continued collaboration between U.S. and Russian scientists, technical experts, and energy sector businesses. It will also pave the way for U.S. investment and clean technology exports to Russia. "From clean energy to nuclear security, the United States and Russia have a

114

Model for electric energy consumption in eastern Saudi Arabia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electrical energy consumption in the eastern province of Saudi Arabia is modeled as a function of weather data, global solar radiation, population, and gross domestic product per capita. Five years of data have been used to develop the energy consumption model. Variable selection in the regression model is carried out by using the general stepping-regression technique. Model adequacy is determined from a residual analysis technique. Model validation aims to determine if the model will function successfully in its intended operating field. In this regard, new energy consumption data for a sixth year are collected, and the results predicted by the regression model are compared with the new data set. Finally, the sensitivity of the model is examined. It is found that the model is strongly influenced by the ambient temperature.

Al-Garni, A.Z.; Al-Nassar, Y.N.; Zubair, S.M.; Al-Shehri, A. [King Fahd Univ. of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

THE IMPACT OF A URANIUM MINING SITE ON THE STREAM SEDIMENTS (CRUCEA MINE, ROMANIA)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE IMPACT OF A URANIUM MINING SITE ON THE STREAM SEDIMENTS (CRUCEA MINE, ROMANIA) Petrescu L. 1 methods were used to evaluate the impact of uranium mine dumps on the stream sedi- ments from Crucea uranium mine show that the impact of Crucea mine on water quality downstream of mining area

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

116

SOLERAS - Solar Controlled Environment Agriculture Project. Final report, Volume 4. Saudi Engineering Solar Energy Applications System Design Study  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Literature summarizing a study on the Saudi Arabian solar controlled environment agriculture system is presented. Specifications and performance requirements for the system components are revealed. Detailed performance and cost analyses are used to determine the optimum design. A preliminary design of an engineering field test is included. Some weather data are provided for Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. (BCS)

Not Available

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

SOLERAS - Saudi University Solar Cooling Laboratories Project: King Faisal University. Design analysis study. Volume 3. Appendixes VII-X  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Documentation supporting the proposed construction of a passively cooled house at King Faisal University in Saudi Arabia is presented. The documents include: computer printouts for comparisons of design; landscapes analysis; field station study for Al Batin, Saudi Arabia; data acquisition systems; and performance evaluation. (BCS)

Not Available

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Microsoft PowerPoint - PRC - Poglyad,RIAR,Russia  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

engineering engineering and technology approaches in design of Polyfunctional Radiochemical Complex (PRC) Sergey Poglyad, Mikhail Kormilitsyn Research Institute of Atomic Reactors, Dimitrovgrad, Russia "Once upon a time" story PUREX based process Pyroprocess Fluoride volatility Superfluid extraction Plasma Electrorefining Oxide Nitride Metal More complicated RAW RAW RAW RAW Waste treatment Nobody has sufficient proof for choosing basic technology * Uranium * Mixed U-Pu * Th based (?) * Cooling time * Burnup * MA strategy The country which first develop a breeder reactor will have a great competitive advantage in atomic energy Enrico Fermi «Discussion on Breeding», 26 April 1944 2 International Pyroprocessing Research Conference Demands on reprocessing in Russia * Fast reactors "dense" spent fuel reprocessing; * Fuel cycle closing for all actinides; * Process

119

Livermore Scientists Team with Russia to Discover Element 118  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

"Synthesis of the isotopes of elements 118 and 116" (Abstract) "Synthesis of the isotopes of elements 118 and 116" (Abstract) Physical Review C, October 9, 2006 Livermore Scientists Team With Russia To Discover Elements 113 and 115 LLNL News Release, February. 2, 2004 "Present at the Creation" Science & Technology Review, January/February 2002 Island of Stability NOVA Science Now, September 2006 Social Media Logos Follow LLNL on YouTube Subscribe to LLNL's RSS feed Follow LLNL on Facebook Follow LLNL on Twitter Follow LLNL on Flickr Contact: Anne M. Stark Phone: (925) 422-9799 E-mail: stark8l@llnl.gov FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE October 16, 2006 NR-06-10-03 Livermore scientists team with Russia to discover element 118 LIVERMORE, Calif. - Scientists from the Chemistry, Materials and Life Sciences Directorate at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, in

120

Demonstration of a PC 25 Fuel Cell in Russia  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This project involved the installation of a 200kW PC25C{trademark} phosphoric-acid fuel cell power plant at Orgenergogaz, a Gazprom industrial site in Russia. In April 1997, a PC25C{trademark} was sold by ONSI Corporation to Orgenergogaz, a subsidiary of the Russian company ''Gazprom''. Due to instabilities in the Russian financial markets, at that time, the unit was never installed and started by Orgenergogaz. In October of 2001 International Fuel Cells (IFC), now known as UTC Fuel Cells (UTCFC), received a financial assistance award from the United States Department of Energy (DOE) entitled ''Demonstration of PC 25 Fuel Cell in Russia''. Three major tasks were part of this award: the inspection of the proposed site and system, start-up assistance, and installation and operation of the powerplant.

John C. Trocciola; Thomas N. Pompa; Linda S. Boyd

2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "romania russia saudi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Ministry of Petroleum and Mineral Resources | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Ministry of Petroleum and Mineral Resources Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Ministry of Petroleum and Mineral Resources Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Ministry of Petroleum and Mineral Resources Country Saudi Arabia Name Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Ministry of Petroleum and Mineral Resources Address PO Box 757, Airport Road, Riyadh 11189 City Riyadh Website http://www.mopm.gov.sa/mopm/ma Coordinates 24.800234°, 46.71742° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":24.800234,"lon":46.71742,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

122

Final Report for Annex II--Assessment of Solar Radiation Resources In Saudi Arabia, 1998-2000  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Final Report for Annex II - Assessment of Solar Radiation Resources in Saudi Arabia 1998-2000 summarizes the accomplishment of work performed, results achieved, and products produced under Annex II, a project established under the Agreement for Cooperation in the Field of Renewable Energy Research and Development between the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and the United States. The report covers work and accomplishments from January 1998 to December 2000. A previous progress report, Progress Report for Annex II - Assessment of Solar Radiation Resources in Saudi Arabia 1993-1997, NREL/TP-560-29374, summarizes earlier work and technical transfer of information under the project. The work was performed in at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) in Golden, Colorado, at the King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology (KACST) in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, and at selected weather stations of the Saudi Meteorological and Environmental Protection Administration (MEPA).

Myers, D. R.; Wilcox, S. M.; Marion, W. F.; Al-Abbadi, N. M.; Mahfoodh, M.; Al-Otaibi, Z.

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

United States-Russia: Environmental management activities, Summer 1998  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Joint Coordinating Committee for Environmental Restoration and Waste Management (JCCEM) was formed between the US and Russia. This report describes the areas of research being studied under JCCEM, namely: Efficient separations; Contaminant transport and site characterization; Mixed wastes; High level waste tank remediation; Transuranic stabilization; Decontamination and decommissioning; and Emergency response. Other sections describe: Administrative framework for cooperation; Scientist exchange; Future actions; Non-JCCEM DOE-Russian activities; and JCCEM publications.

NONE

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Political chaos reins progress on new joint ventures in Russia  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports that frustration is mounting among foreign petroleum companies chasing business opportunities in Russia. Political uncertainty continues to block large oil and gas exploration and production deals there. Most foreign officials believe Russia's transformation from a centrally planned economy to a market economy is irreversible. But enough political, social, and economic uncertainty persists that Russian leaders are hesitant to approve deals with foreign companies. The lack of certainty among leaders of the former Soviet republic about who controls Russia's natural resources, who can approve contracts, and who determines winners of bid tenders is causing confusion among foreign companies trying to negotiate major E and P deals. With no clearly successful path apparent for completing large deals, various secondary negotiating strategies are prevailing. Russian industry specialists say those secondary strategies work best for small deals involving relatively small players in less prospective regions. Meantime, countervailing political forces within the country, the world's top producer of oil and gas, continue to buffet petroleum companies that are negotiating deals or getting projects off the ground.

Not Available

1992-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

125

China and Russia to Join the Generation IV International Forum | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

China and Russia to Join the Generation IV International Forum China and Russia to Join the Generation IV International Forum China and Russia to Join the Generation IV International Forum July 13, 2006 - 3:03pm Addthis International Scope of Nuclear Nations Pursuing Advanced Reactors Broadens WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Department of Energy Assistant Secretary for Nuclear Energy Dennis Spurgeon today announced that China and Russia are expected to join the Generation IV International Forum (GIF), a group of the world's leading nuclear nations who are working together to develop more efficient and less waste-intensive advanced reactors to meet future energy challenges. Earlier today, the GIF Policy Group voted unanimously to extend an offer of membership to China and Russia. China and Russia's formal entry into GIF is expected to be finalized by November 2006.

126

China and Russia to Join the Generation IV International Forum | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

China and Russia to Join the Generation IV International Forum China and Russia to Join the Generation IV International Forum China and Russia to Join the Generation IV International Forum July 13, 2006 - 3:03pm Addthis International Scope of Nuclear Nations Pursuing Advanced Reactors Broadens WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Department of Energy Assistant Secretary for Nuclear Energy Dennis Spurgeon today announced that China and Russia are expected to join the Generation IV International Forum (GIF), a group of the world's leading nuclear nations who are working together to develop more efficient and less waste-intensive advanced reactors to meet future energy challenges. Earlier today, the GIF Policy Group voted unanimously to extend an offer of membership to China and Russia. China and Russia's formal entry into GIF is expected to be finalized by November 2006.

127

Microsoft PowerPoint - Saudi Arabia 2-22-10 final for distribution.pptx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solving the Energy and Solving the Energy and Climate Challenge Together Secretary Steven Chu International Energy Forum Riyadh, Saudi Arabia 22 February 2010 King Faisal Prize Winners, 1993 The United States of America and Saudi Arabia have a long and deep relationship We are adding a new dimension to our Saudi King Abdul Aziz Al Saud and President Franklin Delano Roosevelt on the USS Quincy 65 years ago dimension to our relationship - as we move to meet shared energy and climate challenges (1) The global economy needs energy resources. (2) Our long-term economic prosperity is tied to the sustainable use of energy. (3) There are risks of adverse climate change for The Energy and Climate Challenge (3) There are risks of adverse climate change for both our countries. (4) We don't have the luxury of focusing only on

128

Russia Tri-Lab S&T Collaborations | National Nuclear Security...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog The National Nuclear Security Administration Russia Tri-Lab S&T Collaborations Home > About Us > Our Programs > Defense Programs > Future Science...

129

The Tunnel at the End of the Light: Privatization, Business Networks, and Economic Transformation in Russia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

post-Communist countries, only Azerbaijan, Kazakh- stan, andVacuum Albania Armenia Azerbaijan Belarus Bosnia Bulgariafound in Russia either. Azerbaijan, Belarus, Tajikistan,

Cohen, Stephen S.; Schwartz, Andrew; Zysman, John

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Joint Statement on Future U.S.-Russia Nuclear Energy and Nonproliferat...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Joint Statement on Future U.S.-Russia Nuclear Energy and Nonproliferation Collaboration Following Russian Delegation Visit to the United States Joint Statement on Future...

131

Energy Regulation, Roll Call Votes and Regional Resources: Evidence from Russia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

parliamentary parameters of energy market reform in Russia.development in Russian energy markets. Deputies who arebeen negative toward energy market reform during the time

Grigoriadis, Theocharis N; Torgler, Benno

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

US and Russia agree to collaborate on nuclear energy and security...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

US and Russia agree to collaborate on nuclear energy and security R&D | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation...

133

Media and democratization: a comparative study of two former communist countries (Poland and Russia).  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Democratization process in Europe and Russia was studied thoroughly, while less significant attention was paid to the role of Media in it. Media freedom ratings… (more)

Volkova, Anna

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Petroleum complex of Russia. Reconstruction of petroleum refineries: Means for accomplishing the task  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the refining industry in Russia with respect to production and economic factors. The modernization and reconstruction of the refineries is also discussed.

Rykunova, T.

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Russia-IEA Network of Expertise in Energy Technology | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

International Energy Agency Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics Background analysis Website http:www.iea.orgneetindex. Country Russia...

136

Mercantilist Development in Russia: The Legitimacy of State Power, State Identity, and the Energy Charter Regime (1990 - 2010)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The 692 Komarov, “Energy Policy—Parliamentary Hearings, ‘OnI. Danchenko, “Russia’s Energy Policy, 1992-2005,” Eurasianthe development of national energy policy” (in Russian). V.

Barkanov, Boris

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Russia to seek foreign partners in three fields  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reports that Russia plans in coming months to call for international tenders covering joint venture development of two oil fields and one oil and gas/condensate field in western Siberia. None has seen extensive drilling. Here are details on the fields: North Priob field is in the KhantiMansi autonomous district of the Tyumen region, one of the most industrially developed oil producing areas of western Siberia. Salim field also is in the KhantiMansi autonomous district of the Tyumen region.

Not Available

1992-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

138

The March 2009 Dust Event in Saudi Arabia: Precursor and Supportive Environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A case study is presented of the environmental background for a massive Saudi Arabian dust storm event that took place on 10 and 11 March 2009. The dust storm was large enough to be clearly seen from outer space and caused a widespread heavy atmospheric ...

B. H. Alharbi; A. Maghrabi; N. Tapper

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Heat Low Over the Saudi Arabian Desert During May 1979 (Summer MONEX)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In May of 1979 a unique data set was obtained over the desert area in Saudi Arabia near the surface heat low as part of the GARP Monsoon Experiment (MONEX). Analysis of the data reveals that during the day a well-mixed layer extends up to 650 mb, ...

D. W. Blake; T. N. Krishnamurti; S. V. Low-Nam; J. S. Fein

1983-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Role of Aramco in Saudi Arabian development: a case study of dependent development  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The primary purpose of this study is to evaluate whether the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has proceeded along the path toward development while in a dependent relationship with the Arabian American Oil Company, Aramco. Development in a given country is defined as the process by which the living standards of the people who live in that country are raised. That process includes the development of physical and human infrastructure, economic growth, distribution of resources, and the maturation of society (including its ability to weather crisis, whether it be social or economic). Though it is by no means exhaustive on the subject of development in Saudi Arabia, this study focuses on Aramco's involvement in the socio-economic elements of development in Saudi Arabia, as these are the direct impacts of development upon which the Saudi five-year development plans focus. Employing the theoretical framework of dependent development as adapted by Timothy Luke to the OPEC countries' development experience in the international energy regime, this study serves in part as an in-depth case study of Luke's thesis.

Rawls, L.W.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "romania russia saudi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Renewable energy options in Saudi Arabia: the economic viability of solar photovoltaics within the residential sector  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Renewable energy options, including solar power, are becoming progressively more viable and thus increasingly pose challenges to conventional sources of energy, such as oil, coal and natural gas. Solar Photovoltaic technology is one type of solar energy ... Keywords: Saudi Arabia, feasibility study, renewable energy, residential buildings, solar photovoltaics

Yasser Al-Saleh; Hanan Taleb

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

24 Germany 8 58 Pakistan 3 34 Israel 1 68 Saudi Arabia 30  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

24 Germany 8 58 Pakistan 3 34 Israel 1 68 Saudi Arabia 30 COLLEGES (STUDENTS) ACADEMIC LEVELS France 10 57 Oman 1 TOTAL 1283 24 Germany 8 58 Pakistan 3 25 Ghana 5 59 Palestine 1 26 Greece 2 60 Panama

Collins, Gary S.

143

SOLERAS - Saudi University Solar Cooling Laboratories Project: University of Riyadh. Solar air conditioning. Final report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Research on solar air conditioning at the University of Riyadh in Riyhadh, Saudi Arabia is presented. Topics relevant to the university's proposed solar cooling laboratory are discussed: absorption systems and various contingencies, photovoltaic solar collectors and thermoelectric elements, measuring instruments, solar radiation measurement and analysis, laboratory specifications, and decision theories. Dual cycle computations and equipment specifications are included among the appendices.

Not Available

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

SOLERAS - Solar Energy Water Desalination Project. Solar Energy Study, Yanbu, Saudi Arabia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Measurements of global and normal incident radiation at the Yanbu, Saudi Arabia solar powered desalination plant site are documented. The use of parabolic, two axis tracking, point focusing solar collectors necessitates the measurement and analysis of the normal incident data. The accuracy of the measuring instruments and the results of analysis of one year solar radiation are briefly discussed. (BCS)

Not Available

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

U.S.-Russia Twenty-Year Partnership Completes Final Milestone in Converting  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

U.S.-Russia Twenty-Year Partnership Completes Final Milestone in U.S.-Russia Twenty-Year Partnership Completes Final Milestone in Converting 20,000 Russian Nuclear Warheads into Fuel for U.S. Electricity U.S.-Russia Twenty-Year Partnership Completes Final Milestone in Converting 20,000 Russian Nuclear Warheads into Fuel for U.S. Electricity November 14, 2013 - 11:26am Addthis NEWS MEDIA CONTACT National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) Public Affairs: (202) 586-7371 WASHINGTON - U.S. Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz today announced the final shipment of low enriched uranium (LEU) derived from Russian weapons-origin highly enriched uranium (HEU) under the 1993 U.S.-Russia HEU Purchase Agreement, commonly known as the Megatons to Megawatts Program. Under this Agreement, Russia downblended 500 metric tons of HEU, equivalent to 20,000

146

United States-Russia Joint Statement on the Results of the Nuclear Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

States-Russia Joint Statement on the Results of the Nuclear States-Russia Joint Statement on the Results of the Nuclear Energy and Nuclear Security Working Group Meeting United States-Russia Joint Statement on the Results of the Nuclear Energy and Nuclear Security Working Group Meeting December 10, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis Moscow - Earlier this week, Deputy Secretary of Energy Daniel Poneman, representing the United States government, signed a joint statement with Russia's Director General of the State Atomic Energy Corporation "Rosatom" Sergey Kirienko on the results of the Nuclear Energy and Nuclear Security Working Group meeting that took place on December 6-7, 2010. The Working Group meeting strengthened cooperation between the U.S. and Russia on civil nuclear energy and nuclear security. Read the joint statement (PDF - 412 kb) signed by Deputy Secretary Poneman

147

Business Planning: A Key to Energy Efficiency in Russia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Financing is a significant barrier to energy efficiency in Russia. Many banks and Western companies would like to invest in energy efficiency projects in Russia, but are frustrated by the lack of Western-style business planning and preparation in Russian project proposals. With support from the U.S. Department of Energy, the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory has organized several training workshops on writing business plans for energy efficiency projects. Russian project proposals typically describe the technical measures to be implemented, and they provide a simple payback analysis of the costs. The most difficult tasks for Russian business people are often developing a marketing plan, using creative financing techniques, describing the implementation plan in sufficient detail, and providing appropriate information on the organizations involved in the project. As Russians learn to prepare solid business plans, their ability to attract financing for energy efficiency projects and successfully implement such projects will increase. Business planning also provides a useful framework for assessing energy projects. In this sense, it can help Russian business people better understand the advantages of energy efficiency and increase their willingness to invest in demand-side measures.

Evans, M.

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

ENTRY AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP: The Case of Post-Communist Russia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Paper prepared for a special issue of Journal des Economistes et des Etudes Humaines (2001). We thank John Robert Subrick for helpful comments on an earlier version. 1 Entrepreneurial effectiveness is measured by the movement of economic actors – their alertness to opportunities for mutual gain, and their sense of when and where to enter and exit a market. Consumers send signals to entrepreneurs, signaling when it is demanded that they enter or exit the market. Markets are measured by both quantitative and qualitative parameters. The size of the market matters, but so does the ability of the market to work, that is, to send clear signals to participants. Our purpose is to examine the Russian market’s quantity and quality. How many producers and consumers are getting together is one part of the puzzle. The larger part of our story is how well they are able to make deals. The Russian economic system has been a state of continual turmoil and reform for over a century, making it difficult for business to develop as the political, legal, and economic foundation continually shifts. The beginning of the 20th century saw Russia struggling to change its economic system from feudalism to mercantilism under the Czars. World War I ended with Russia in the midst of transforming its economic and political system into the world’s first full-fledged communist system. The

Peter J. Boettke; Bridget I. Butkevich

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Impact of Shortwave Radiative Effects of Dust Aerosols on the Summer Season Heat Low over Saudi Arabia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A two-stream scattering scheme based on the delta-Eddington approximation is incorporated into the Florida State University Limited Area Model for computing the shortwave radiative fluxes due to dust aerosols over the Saudi Arabian region and to ...

Saad Mohalfi; H. S. Bedi; T. N. Krishnamurti; Steven D. Cocke

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Joint electric power alternatives study. Appendix G. Joint parallel nuclear alternatives study for Russia. Final report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Joint Parallel Nuclear Alternatives Study for Russia (JPNAS) is a parallel study to the Joint Electric Power Alternatives Study (JEPAS). The JPNAS assessed the costs of enhancing the safety level of Russian nuclear power plants (NPPs), decommissioning of RBMK-1000 and first generation VVER-440 units, completion of NPP construction, NPP repowering into fossil fuel plants, and construction of new generation NPPs. In the framework of the JEPAS, the JPNAS provides data on the nuclear sector which is needed to formulate an integrated resources plan and schedule for investments for the development of Russia`s power sector.

NONE

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

U.S. Natural Gas Exports to Russia  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Babb, MT Havre, MT Port of Morgan, MT Pittsburg, NH Grand Island, NY Massena, NY Niagara Falls, NY Waddington, NY Sumas, WA Sweetgrass, MT Total to Chile Sabine Pass, LA Total to China Kenai, AK Sabine Pass, LA Total to India Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA Total to Japan Cameron, LA Kenai, AK Sabine Pass, LA Total to Mexico Douglas, AZ Nogales, AZ Calexico, CA Ogilby Mesa, CA Otay Mesa, CA Alamo, TX Clint, TX Del Rio, TX Eagle Pass, TX El Paso, TX Hidalgo, TX McAllen, TX Penitas, TX Rio Bravo, TX Roma, TX Total to Portugal Sabine Pass, LA Total to Russia Total to South Korea Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA Total to Spain Cameron, LA Sabine Pass, LA Total to United Kingdom Sabine Pass, LA Period: Monthly Annual

152

U.S. Natural Gas Exports to Russia  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Babb, MT Havre, MT Port of Morgan, MT Pittsburg, NH Grand Island, NY Massena, NY Niagara Falls, NY Waddington, NY Sumas, WA Sweetgrass, MT Total to Chile Sabine Pass, LA Total to China Kenai, AK Sabine Pass, LA Total to India Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA Total to Japan Cameron, LA Kenai, AK Sabine Pass, LA Total to Mexico Douglas, AZ Nogales, AZ Calexico, CA Ogilby Mesa, CA Otay Mesa, CA Alamo, TX Clint, TX Del Rio, TX Eagle Pass, TX El Paso, TX Hidalgo, TX McAllen, TX Penitas, TX Rio Bravo, TX Roma, TX Total to Portugal Sabine Pass, LA Total to Russia Total to South Korea Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA Total to Spain Cameron, LA Sabine Pass, LA Total to United Kingdom Sabine Pass, LA Period: Monthly Annual

153

Wind-Diesel Hybrid Systems for Russia's Northern Territories  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper will summarize the DOE/Russian Ministry of Fuel and Energy (MF and E) activities in Russia's Northern Territories in the field of hybrid wind-diesel power systems over the last three years (1997-1999). The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) supplied technical assistance to the project, including resource assessment, system design, site identification, training and system monitoring. As a result, several wind-diesel systems have been installed and are operating in the Arkhangelsk/Murmansk regions and in Chukotka. NREL designed and provided sets of data acquisition equipment to monitor several of the first pilot wind-diesel systems. NREL's computer simulation models are being used for performance data analysis and optimizing of future system configurations.

Gevorgian, V.; Touryan, K. [National Renewable Energy Laboratory (US); Bezrukikh, P. [Ministry of Fuel and Energy of Russian Federation (RU); Bezrukikh, P. Jr.; Karghiev, V. [Intersolarcenter

1999-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

154

Prospects and problems of development of geothermal resources of Russia  

SciTech Connect

This article discusses the pros and cons of geothermal energy source development in the Russian Federation. It estimates the geothermal reserves in each area of the Federation and presents the data in terms of tons of conventional fuels. Across the region, the average specific density exceeds 2,000,000 tons of conventional fuel per cubic kilometer. In the administrative regions of central Russia, the geothermal reserves are estimated to range from 160 years to 4200 years. The economic feasibility of developing these resources in the administrative regions is also explored, and it is concluded that the geothermal heat source is a source of hot water that is far superior to the conventional electric boiler-house source.

Boguslavskii, E.I.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Demonstration and development of control mechanism for radioactive sources in Saudi Arabia  

SciTech Connect

Saudi Arabia have no nuclear industry. Nevertheless, many radioactive sources, for different purposes, have been used in the country. There is upswing in the number of companies that recruit nuclear technology in their daily work. The National Center for Radiation Protection (NCRP) takes the full commitment and responsibility for monitoring and regulating the movement of radioactive sources in the country. NCRP issues the licenses for import, export, and use of radioactive sources. It, also, protects the country from any trespassing radiation through a sizable net of early warning and radiation monitoring stations along the borders of Saudi Arabia. This paper talks about the procedures of licensing, importing, exporting of radioactive sources. It, also, sheds light on types of implementing radioactive sources in different practices encompass medicine, industry, research. The NCRP has established an electronic web site to ease the communication with all users in the country. This site is yet in the experimental stage.

Al-Kheliewi, A. S. [National Center for Radiation Protection King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology, P.O. Box 6086, Riyadh 11442 (Saudi Arabia)

2012-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

156

SOLERAS - Solar Energy Water Desalination Project. Solar energy falling on Yanbu, Saudi Arabia, July 1985  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Yanbu is located in the Western Province of Saudi Arabia on the Red Sea at a latitude of 24.1 degrees North and a longitude of 37.8 degrees East. It was selected as the location for the Soleras Solar Powered Desalination Plant. This preliminary report describes the direct normal and total horizontal insolation that fell on the Yanbu Solar Powered Desalination site during the month of July 1985.

Not Available

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

SOLERAS - Saudi University Solar Cooling Laboratories Project. Final report, project summary  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Proposals for research on solar cooling are presented for four Saudi Arabian universities. The universities are the University of Petroleum and Minerals in Dhahran, King Saud University in Riyadh, King Abdulaziz University in Jeddah, and King Faisal University in Dammam. Topics researched include the Rankine cycle, passive solar cooling systems, a solar-powered lithium bromide-water absorption machine and a photovoltaic-powered thermoelectric cooling machine. (BCS)

Not Available

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Russia-US Forest Service Climate Change Technical Cooperation | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

US Forest Service Climate Change Technical Cooperation US Forest Service Climate Change Technical Cooperation Jump to: navigation, search Name Russia-US Forest Service Climate Change Technical Cooperation Agency/Company /Organization United States Forest Service Sector Land Focus Area Forestry Topics Background analysis Website http://www.fs.fed.us/global/to Country Russia Eastern Europe References US Forest Service Climate Change Technical Cooperation[1] "Like the US, Russia contains temperate and boreal forests. The forests share similar species, similar forest health problems, and some common threats. Since the mid-nineties, the US Forest Service has worked with Russian partners, including the State Forestry Service of Russia to: 1) promote sustainable forestry practices, 2) address forest health issues and

159

DOE Announces U.S.-Russia Fourth Report on Bratislava Agreement |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

U.S.-Russia Fourth Report on Bratislava Agreement U.S.-Russia Fourth Report on Bratislava Agreement DOE Announces U.S.-Russia Fourth Report on Bratislava Agreement January 12, 2007 - 9:59am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Secretary Samuel Bodman announced today that he and Russian Federal Atomic Energy Agency Director Sergey Kiriyenko have submitted to Presidents Bush and Putin the fourth report of the Senior Interagency Working Group on implementation of the February 2005 Bratislava Checklist. "The accelerated schedule adopted under Bratislava is being implemented with great success," Secretary Bodman said. "Our efforts to minimize and secure highly enriched uranium and plutonium are making the world safer. Our cooperation with Russia on emergency response and nuclear security

160

U.S and Russia Develop Action Plan to Enhance Global and Bilateral Nuclear  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

S and Russia Develop Action Plan to Enhance Global and Bilateral S and Russia Develop Action Plan to Enhance Global and Bilateral Nuclear Energy Cooperation U.S and Russia Develop Action Plan to Enhance Global and Bilateral Nuclear Energy Cooperation December 19, 2006 - 9:46am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman and Russian Federal Atomic Energy Agency (Rosatom) Director Sergey V. Kiriyenko last week submitted to U.S. President George W. Bush and Russian President Vladimir Putin a joint work plan that will provide a framework for further bilateral cooperation in the development of nuclear energy technology and deployment. The plan was completed and signed by both parties the week of December 11, 2006, as part of an agreement that stemmed from the G8 Summit in St. Petersburg, Russia, in July of this year.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "romania russia saudi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

U.S. and Russia Sign Plan for Russian Plutonium Disposition | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Sign Plan for Russian Plutonium Disposition Sign Plan for Russian Plutonium Disposition U.S. and Russia Sign Plan for Russian Plutonium Disposition November 19, 2007 - 4:31pm Addthis Will Eliminate Enough Russian Plutonium for Thousands of Nuclear Weapons WASHINGTON, DC -U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman and Russian Federal Atomic Energy Agency Director Sergey Kiriyenko have signed a joint statement outlining a plan to dispose of 34 metric tons of surplus plutonium from Russia's weapons program. Under the new plan, the United States will cooperate with Russia to convert Russian weapon-grade plutonium into mixed oxide fuel (MOX) and irradiate the MOX fuel in the BN-600 fast reactor, currently operating at the Beloyarsk nuclear power plant, and in the BN-800 fast reactor, currently under construction at the same site. The United States and Russia also

162

U.S. And Russia Complete Nuclear Security Upgrades Under Bratislava  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

And Russia Complete Nuclear Security Upgrades Under Bratislava And Russia Complete Nuclear Security Upgrades Under Bratislava Initiative U.S. And Russia Complete Nuclear Security Upgrades Under Bratislava Initiative December 23, 2008 - 9:18am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC -The U.S. Department of Energy today delivered the Bratislava Nuclear Security report to the White House, which detailed the status of work agreed to by Presidents Bush and Putin in Bratislava in 2005. U.S. and Russian officials from the U.S. Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), the U.S. Department of Defense, the Russian Ministry of Defense and State Atomic Energy Corporation "Rosatom" reviewed work to complete nuclear security upgrades in Russia at meetings in Moscow last week. Building on this success, both

163

NNSA Partners With Russia to Recover Material That Could Be Used in Dirty  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Partners With Russia to Recover Material That Could Be Used in Dirty Partners With Russia to Recover Material That Could Be Used in Dirty Bombs | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > Media Room > Press Releases > NNSA Partners With Russia to Recover Material ... Press Release NNSA Partners With Russia to Recover Material That Could Be Used in Dirty

164

Joint Statement on Future U.S.-Russia Nuclear Energy and Nonproliferation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Joint Statement on Future U.S.-Russia Nuclear Energy and Joint Statement on Future U.S.-Russia Nuclear Energy and Nonproliferation Collaboration Following Russian Delegation Visit to the United States Joint Statement on Future U.S.-Russia Nuclear Energy and Nonproliferation Collaboration Following Russian Delegation Visit to the United States December 10, 2013 - 2:30pm Addthis News Media Contact (202) 586-4940 U.S. Secretary of Energy Ernest Moniz and State Corporation for Nuclear Energy (Rosatom) Director General Sergey Kirienko today held talks in Washington, D.C., about the future of U.S.-Russia collaborative work in the nuclear energy field, including nuclear research and development, commercial aspects of cooperation, nuclear safety, and nonproliferation. The meeting coincided with the arrival of the final shipment of low

165

18-Year Land-Surface Hydrology Model Simulations for a Midlatitude Grassland Catchment in Valdai, Russia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Off-line simulations of improved bucket hydrology and Simplified Simple Biosphere (SSiB) models are performed for a grassland vegetation catchment region, located at the Valdai water-balance research station in Russia, forced by observed ...

C. Adam Schlosser; Alan Robock; Konstantin Ya Vinnikov; Nina A. Speranskaya; Yongkang Xue

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Under U.S.-Russia Partnership, Final Shipment of Fuel Converted...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Megawatts Program, with this week's off-loading of the final shipment of low enriched uranium (LEU) at the Port of Baltimore in Baltimore, Maryland, from Russia. The shipment was...

167

Russia Tri-Lab S&T Collaborations | National Nuclear Security...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog The National Nuclear Security Administration Russia Tri-Lab S&T Collaborations Home > About Us > Our Programs >...

168

21H.466 Imperial and Revolutionary Russia, 1800-1917, Fall 2002  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Analyzes Russia's social, cultural, political heritage; Eurasian imperialism; and autocracy. Compares reforming and revolutionary impulses in the context of serfdom, the rise of the intelligentsia, and debates over capitalism. ...

Wood, Elizabeth A., 1958-

169

21H.466 Imperial and Revolutionary Russia: Culture and Politics, Fall 2008  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

At the beginning of the eighteenth century Russia began to come into its own as a major European power. Members of the Russian intellectual classes increasingly compared themselves and their autocratic order to states and ...

Wood, Elizabeth A.

170

Performance potential of the coal strip mining in the east of Russia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The potentialities of the leading mining districts in Russia to improve coal production by strip mining are analyzed. The operational issues of the Erunakovskiy (Kuzbass), Kansko-Achinskiy and South Yakutia territorial production complexes are considered.

Cheskidov, V.I. [Russian Academy of Science, Novosibirsk (Russian Federation). Inst. of Mining

2007-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

171

U.S.-Russia Twenty-Year Partnership Completes Final Milestone...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Completes Final Milestone in Converting 20,000 Russian Nuclear Warheads into Fuel for U.S. Electricity U.S.-Russia Twenty-Year Partnership Completes Final Milestone in...

172

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Indonesia; Iran; Iraq; Japan; Kazakhstan; Korea, South; Kuwait; Libya; Malaysia; Mexico; Nigeria; Norway; Oman; Qatar; Russia; Saudi Arabia; ...

173

Dr. Susan Heller-Zeisler, International Affairs Officer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Her portfolio has included coordination and assistance of NIST's cooperative activities with Russia, Finland, Germany, Korea, Pakistan, India, Saudi ...

2012-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

174

Energy Efficiency Investments in Public Facilities - Developing a Pilot Mechanism for Russia and Chelyabinsk Region  

SciTech Connect

Russian public sector buildings tend to be very inefficient, which creates vast opportunities for savings. This paper reviews opportunities to implement energy efficiency projects in Russian public buildings, created by new Russian legislation and regulations. Given Russia's limited experience with energy performance contracts (EPCs), a pilot project can help test an implementation mechanism. The authors use Chelyabinsk Region as an example to discuss opportunities, challenges and solutions to financing and implementing an EPC in Russia, navigating through federal requirements and specific local conditions.

Evans, Meredydd; Roshchanka, Volha; Parker, Steven A.; Baranovskiy, Aleksandr

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Simulation model and the dynamics of relative poverty rates in the presence of some social benefits in Romania  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents some simulations of the relative poverty rates values in the presence of some social benefits in the income of persons / households considered in the Household Budget Survey carried out by the National Institute of Statistics of Romania ... Keywords: dynamics, indicators, relative poverty, simulation model, social benefits

Cristina Stroe; Andreea Cambir; Cornelia Barti; Eva Militaru; Silvia Cojanu; Eliza Lungu; Codruta Dragoiu; Isadora Lazar

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Under U.S.-Russia Partnership, Final Shipment of Fuel Converted From 20,000  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Under U.S.-Russia Partnership, Final Shipment of Fuel Converted Under U.S.-Russia Partnership, Final Shipment of Fuel Converted From 20,000 Russian Nuclear Warheads Arrives in United States and Will Be Used for U.S. Electricity Under U.S.-Russia Partnership, Final Shipment of Fuel Converted From 20,000 Russian Nuclear Warheads Arrives in United States and Will Be Used for U.S. Electricity December 10, 2013 - 2:50pm Addthis News Media Contact (202) 586-4940 WASHINGTON, D.C. - The United States and Russia are today commemorating the completion of the 1993 U.S.-Russia HEU Purchase Agreement, commonly known as the Megatons to Megawatts Program, with this week's off-loading of the final shipment of low enriched uranium (LEU) at the Port of Baltimore in Baltimore, Maryland, from Russia. The shipment was the last of the LEU converted from more than 500 metric tons of weapons-origin highly enriched

177

Microsoft PowerPoint - US-Russia3_Cynn_2009  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Static material strength determined using a DAC Static material strength determined using a DAC g g Joint US-Russia Material Conference H h C 1 W J E 1 J P Kl i 1 M Li 1 Prague, Czech Republic 8/30 - 9/4, 2009 Hyunchae Cynn 1 , W.J. Evans 1 , J. P. Klepeis 1 , M. Lipp 1 , H.-P. Liermann 2 *, W. Yang 2 cynn1@llnl.gov, 925-422-3432 Physical and Life Sciences Directorate Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Livermore, CA 94550, USA Livermore, CA 94550, USA 2 HPCAT, Bld. 434E, Advanced Photon Source Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 60439-4803, USA *Currently at DESY, HASYLAB, Petra III, P02 Notkestr. 85, Bldg. 47c, Rm. L115 22607 H b G 22607 Hamburg, Germany This work was performed under the auspices of the U.S. Department of Energy by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in part under Contract W-7405-Eng-48 and in part under Contract DE-AC52-07NA27344. Portions of this work were performed at HPCAT (Sector 16),

178

U.S. Natural Gas Exports to Russia  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Warroad, MN Babb, MT Havre, MT Port of Morgan, MT Sherwood, ND Pittsburg, NH Buffalo, NY Grand Island, NY Massena, NY Niagara Falls, NY Waddington, NY Sumas, WA Sweetgrass, MT Total to Chile Sabine Pass, LA Total to China Kenai, AK Sabine Pass, LA Total to India Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA Total to Japan Cameron, LA Freeport, TX Kenai, AK Port Nikiski, AK Sabine Pass, LA Total to Mexico Douglas, AZ Nogales, AZ Calexico, CA Ogilby Mesa, CA Otay Mesa, CA San Diego, CA Alamo, TX Clint, TX Del Rio, TX Eagle Pass, TX El Paso, TX Hidalgo, TX McAllen, TX Penitas, TX Rio Bravo, TX Roma, TX Total to Portugal Sabine Pass, LA Total to Russia Kenai, AK Total to South Korea Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA Total to Spain Cameron, LA Sabine Pass, LA Total to United Kingdom Freeport, TX Sabine Pass, LA LNG Exports from Cameron, LA LNG Exports from Kenai, AK LNG Exports from Freeport, TX LNG Exports from Nogales, AZ LNG Exports from Otay Mesa, CA LNG Exports from Sabine Pass, LA LNG Exports from Sweetgrass, MT Period: Monthly Annual

179

Nuclear Energy Governance and the Politics of Social Justice: Technology, Public Goods, and Redistribution in Russia and France  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jose and Mireia Piera. "Nuclear fission sustainability withJose and Mireia Piera. "Nuclear fission sustainability withnuclear energy redistribution in Russia and France; the substitution of fission

Grigoriadis, Theocharis N

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Mercantilist Development in Russia: The Legitimacy of State Power, State Identity, and the Energy Charter Regime (1990 - 2010)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A comparison of Azerbaijan and Russia,” Business andUkraine, Belorussia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan,its competitors in the FSU (Azerbaijan, Central Asia) for

Barkanov, Boris

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "romania russia saudi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Mercantilist Development in Russia: The Legitimacy of State Power, State Identity, and the Energy Charter Regime (1990 - 2010)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Restrictions on Natural Gas Imports from Russia,” Paperand dependency on oil and gas imports growing and suppliesreductions in natural gas imports were 54% for Bulgaria, 86%

Barkanov, Boris

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Web-based gis and public participation:an aid to widening female participation in revitalizing outdoor recreational facilities in saudi arabia. a case study in jeddah, saudi arabia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

During the last decade, the Internet and Geographic Information System (GIS) have made changes in the relationship between governments and citizens in many developed countries. Citizens, in such countries, have been given more chances to participate in the decision making process of the spatial issues relevant to them. Such participation has helping to make urban planning more democratic and to make planners plan with the public rather than plan for the public. In Saudi Arabia (a developing country), participation of citizens in spatial decision making is very limited. Such limitation is more severe when considering women due to the circumstance of gender segregation in the Saudi society. While males may somehow muddle through ways to express their views about spatial issues to the planning authority, females have no ways unless they behave against the local norms. There is a persistent need for implementing distance participation for women in Saudi Arabia. This research examines whether developing and employing an Internet / GIS participatory approach can facilitate (without conflicting with the local conservative cultural norms) women’s participation in the municipal decision making process of the neighborhood’s outdoor recreational facilities. The goal was primarily to adapt the technology to serve the society instead of necessitating the society to change its inherited norms to be able to advance. The research involved an exploratory ethnographic case study carried out in a selected residential community in the city of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. The research was carried out in two phases where the current status of public participation in the Saudi community planning was investigated first, and then a prototype for an Internet/GIS system for female public participation was developed and evaluated. The research found that there is a legitimate enthusiasm amongst the public and officials of the research sample for adopting e-public participation. Such enthusiasm is supported by a number of political, economical, technological and religious reasons. However, the findings showed that adopting e-public participation is more promising in the near future than currently due to different reasons including the current relatively small number of Internet users in Saudi Arabia. Since such research is the first of its type to be conducted in the Saudi context, the findings can serve as a road map indicating that adopting e-public participation in Saudi Arabia is promising and worth researching.

Daghistani, Farouk

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Analytical analyses of startup measurements associated with the first use of LEU fuel in Romania`s 14-MW TRIGA reactor  

SciTech Connect

The 14-MW TRIGA steady state reactor (SSR) is located in Pitesti, Romania. Beginning with an HEU core (10 wt% U), the reactor first went critical in November 1979 but was shut down ten years later because of insufficient excess reactivity. Last November the Institute for Nuclear Research (INR), which operates the SSR, received from the ANL RERTR program a shipment of 125 LEU pins fabricated by General Atomics and of the same geometry as the original fuel but with an enrichment of 19.7% 235U and a loading of 45 wt% U. Using 100 of these pins, four LEU clusters, each containing a 5 x 5 square array of fuel rods, were assembled. These four LEU clusters replaced the four most highly burned HEU elements in the SSR. The reactor resumed operations last February with a 35-element mixed HEU/LEU core configuration. In preparation for full power operation of the SSR with this mixed HEU/LEU core, a number of measurements were made. These included control rod calibrations, excess reactivity determinations, worths of experiment facilities, reaction rate distributions, and themocouple measurements of fuel temperatures as a function of reactor power. This paper deals with a comparison of some of these measured reactor parameters with corresponding analytical calculations.

Bretscher, M.M.; Snelgrove, J.L. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Ciocanescu, M. [Institute for Nuclear Research, Pitesti (Romania)

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

From separations to reconstitution - a short history of Plutonium in the U.S. and Russia  

SciTech Connect

During the cold war plutonium was produced in reactors in both the US and Russia. It was then separated from the residual uranium and fission products by a variety of precipitation processes, such as Bismuth Phosphate, Redox, Butex, Purex, etc. in the US and uranium acetate and Purex in Russia. After a period of time in the field, plutonium weapons were recycled and the plutonium re-purified and returned to weapons. purification was accomplished by a variety of aqueous and molten salt processes, such as nitric-hydrofluoric acid dissolution followed by anion exchange, Purex modifications, molten salt extraction, electrorefining, etc. in the US and nitric acid dissolution or sodium hydroxide fusion followed by anion exchange in Russia. At the end of the Cold War, plutonium production of weapons-grade plutonium was cut off in the US and is expected to be cut off in Russia shortly after the turn of the century. Now both countries are looking at methods to reconstitute plutonium with fission products to render it no longer useful for nuclear weapons. These methods include immobilization in a ceramic matrix and then encasement in fission product laden glass, irradiation of MOX fuel, and disposal as waste in WIPP in the US and irradiation of MOX fuel in Russia. This paper details the contrast between the treatment of plutonium during the cold war and after the cold war was over.

Gray, L W

1999-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

185

Short-Period Seismic Noise in Vorkuta (Russia)  

SciTech Connect

Cultural development of new subpolar areas of Russia is associated with a need for detailed seismic research, including both mapping of regional seismicity and seismic monitoring of specific mining enterprises. Of special interest are the northern territories of European Russia, including shelves of the Kara and Barents Seas, Yamal Peninsula, and the Timan-Pechora region. Continuous seismic studies of these territories are important now because there is insufficient seismological knowledge of the area and an absence of systematic data on the seismicity of the region. Another task of current interest is the necessity to consider the seismic environment in the design, construction, and operation of natural gas extracting enterprises such as the construction of the North European Gas Pipeline. Issues of scientific importance for seismic studies in the region are the complex geodynamical setting, the presence of permafrost, and the complex tectonic structure. In particular, the Uralian Orogene (Fig. 1) strongly affects the propagation of seismic waves. The existing subpolar seismic stations [APA (67,57{sup o}N; 33,40{sup o}E), LVZ (67,90{sup o}N; 34,65{sup o}E), and NRIL (69,50{sup o}N; 88,40{sup o}E)] do not cover the extensive area between the Pechora and Ob Rivers (Fig. 1). Thus seismic observations in the Vorkuta area, which lies within the area of concern, represent a special interest. Continuous recording at a seismic station near the city of Vorkuta (67,50{sup o}N; 64,11{sup o}E) [1] has been conducted since 2005 for the purpose of regional seismic monitoring and, more specifically, detection of seismic signals caused by local mining enterprises. Current surveys of local seismic noise [7,8,9,11], are particularly aimed at a technical survey for the suitability of the site for installation of a small-aperture seismic array, which would include 10-12 recording instruments, with the Vorkuta seismic station as the central element. When constructed, this seismic array will considerably improve the recording capacity of regional and local seismic events. It will allow detection of signatures of seismic waves propagating in submeridional and sublatitudinal directions. The latter is of special interest not only to access the influence of the Urals on propagation patterns of seismic waves, but also to address other questions, such as the structure and dynamic characteristics of the internal dynamo of the Earth [9,13]. Recording seismic waves at low angular distances from seismically active subpolar zones will allow us to collect data on vortical and convective movements in subpolar lithosphere blocks and at the boundary of the inner core of the Earth, possibly giving essential clues to the modeling of the Earth's electromagnetic field [3,13]. The present study considers basic features of seismic noise at the Vorkuta station obtained through the analysis of seismic records from March, 2006 till December, 2007.

Kishkina, S B; Spivak, A A; Sweeney, J J

2008-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

186

NNSA Celebrates 10 Years of Cooperation with Russia in Securing Nuclear  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

10 Years of Cooperation with Russia in Securing Nuclear 10 Years of Cooperation with Russia in Securing Nuclear Material | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > About Us > Our History > NNSA Timeline > NNSA Celebrates 10 Years of Cooperation with ... NNSA Celebrates 10 Years of Cooperation with Russia in Securing Nuclear

187

U.S. and Russia Reaffirm Commitment to Disposing of Weapon-Grade Plutonium  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Reaffirm Commitment to Disposing of Weapon-Grade Reaffirm Commitment to Disposing of Weapon-Grade Plutonium U.S. and Russia Reaffirm Commitment to Disposing of Weapon-Grade Plutonium July 13, 2006 - 3:05pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Energy Secretary Samuel W. Bodman and Sergey Kiriyenko, the director of Russia's Federal Atomic Energy Agency, have signed a joint statement reaffirming their commitment to dispose of 34 metric tons of excess weapon-grade plutonium by irradiation in nuclear reactors. "This statement is a clear sign of our mutual commitment to keeping dangerous nuclear material out of the hands of terrorists. We look forward to working together with the Russians to ensure that this important nonproliferation project moves forward in both Russia and the United States," Secretary Bodman said.

188

Secretary Bodman and Rosatom Director Kiriyenko Meet to Discuss U.S.-Russia  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and Rosatom Director Kiriyenko Meet to Discuss and Rosatom Director Kiriyenko Meet to Discuss U.S.-Russia Nuclear Security Progress Secretary Bodman and Rosatom Director Kiriyenko Meet to Discuss U.S.-Russia Nuclear Security Progress February 1, 2008 - 11:13am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman and Russian Federal Atomic Energy Agency (Rosatom) Director Sergey Kiriyenko today met to highlight U.S.-Russian efforts to keep nuclear weapons and weapons material out of the hands of terrorists. Secretary Bodman and Director Kiriyenko discussed progress made and next steps to shutdown Russia plutonium reactors this year, dispose of 68 metric tons of plutonium, and advance cooperation to expand the use of civilian nuclear energy through the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership. Secretary Bodman also highlighted

189

Russia-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production (RECP)  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Russia-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production (RECP) Russia-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production (RECP) in Developing and Transition Countries Jump to: navigation, search Name Russia-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production (RECP) in Developing and Transition Countries Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Partner Ministry of Energy, Ministry of Planning, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Environment, Ministry of Industry Sector Climate, Energy, Water Focus Area Renewable Energy, Non-renewable Energy, Agriculture, Economic Development, Goods and Materials, Industry, People and Policy, Water Conservation Topics Background analysis, Co-benefits assessment, - Environmental and Biodiversity, - Health, - Macroeconomic, Finance, GHG inventory, Implementation, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, -NAMA, -Roadmap, -TNA, Market analysis, Pathways analysis, Policies/deployment programs, Resource assessment, Technology characterizations

190

Russia Tri-Lab S&T Collaborations | National Nuclear Security  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Russia Tri-Lab S&T Collaborations | National Nuclear Security Russia Tri-Lab S&T Collaborations | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog The National Nuclear Security Administration Russia Tri-Lab S&T Collaborations Home > About Us > Our Programs > Defense Programs > Future Science & Technology Programs > Office of Advanced Simulation and Computing and

191

Russia-U.S. joint program on the safe management of nuclear materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Russia-US joint program on the safe management of nuclear materials was initiated to address common technical issues confronting the US and Russia in the management of excess weapons grade nuclear materials. The program was initiated after the 1993 Tomsk-7 accident. This paper provides an update on program activities since 1996. The Fourth US Russia Nuclear Materials Safety Management Workshop was conducted in March 1997. In addition, a number of contracts with Russian Institutes have been placed by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) and Sandia National Laboratories (SNL). These contracts support research related to the safe disposition of excess plutonium (Pu) and highly enriched uranium (HEU). Topics investigated by Russian scientists under contracts with SNL and LLNL include accident consequence studies, the safety of anion exchange processes, underground isolation of nuclear materials, and the development of materials for the immobilization of excess weapons Pu.

Witmer, F.E.; Krumpe, P.F. [Dept. of Energy, Washington, DC (United States); Carlson, D.D. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)] [and others

1998-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Technical framework to facilitate foreign spent fuel storage and geologic disposal in Russia  

SciTech Connect

The option of storage and eventual geologic disposal in Russia of spent fuel of US origin used in Taiwan provides a unique opportunity that can benefit many parties. Taiwan has a near term need for a spent fuel storage and geologic disposal solution, available financial resources, but limited prospect for a timely domestic solution. Russia has significant spent fuel storage and transportation management experience, candidate storage and repository sites, but limited financial resources available for their development. The US has interest in Taiwan energy security, national security and nonproliferation interests in Russian spent fuel storage and disposal and interest in the US origin fuel. While it is understood that such a project includes complex policy and international political issues as well as technical issues, the goal of this paper is to begin the discussion by presenting a technical path forward to establish the feasibility of this concept for Russia.

Jardine, L J; Halsey, W G; Cmith, C F

2000-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

193

{open_quotes}Rosshelf{close_quotes} company and development of the Arctic Shelf of Russia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Russian {open_quotes}Rosshelf{close_quotes} company for developing the shelf is the nucleus of a new branch of industry for developing oil and gas fields on shelves of Russia, primarily in the Arctic. {open_quotes}Rosshelf{close_quotes}, created on the basis of leading naval defence enterprises, Russia`s largest geological and mining enterprises, and territorial organizations managing the northern regions of Russia, obtained a license in March 1993 for the right to use the natural resources of Europe`s largest Shtokman gas-condensate field and Prirazlomnoe oil field in the Barents Sea and thus has all the conditions and possibilities for the successful organization of oil and gas production on the continental shelf of Russia. The goals of {open_quotes}Rosshelf{close_quotes} are: the production of oil and gas equipment at converted defence enterprises, including under foreign license and for export; the development of oil and gas fields on the continental shelf of Russia; the creation of new prospective technologies for offshore oil and gas production under conditions of the Russian and mainly the arctic shelf. {open_quotes}Rosshelf{close_quotes} should develop the Pechora Sea fields, mainly the Prirazlomnoe oil field with its relatively small depth and distance from the shore. It is planned to develop Europe`s largest Shtokman field at a distance of 600 km from the shore in the course of 10-12 years with expenditures of about $6 billion. The use of defence technologies underlying the activities of {open_quotes}Rosshelf{close_quotes} gives the company a real change to reach the world level of offshore oil- and gas-production technology. Broad cooperation with foreign companies, mainly in the area of engineering, finances, ecology, and safety, planned also for this. Calculations show that already the priority projects of {open_quotes}Rosshelf{close_quotes} will provide 250,000-300,000 highly skilled jobs at Russian defence enterprises.

Velikhov, E.P.

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

SOLERAS - Saudi University Solar Cooling Laboratories Project: King Faisal University. Design and analysis study. Volume 2. Appendixes I-VI  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Documents supporting the proposed construction of a passively cooled house at King Faisal University in Saudi Arabia are presented. The papers include the following topics: comfort measurements; cooling methods and strategies for hot/arid climates; ventilation design; solar hot water heaters; backup HVAC equipment specifications; and computer printouts for design review and analysis. (BCS)

Not Available

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Political Constraints on Government Cartelization: The Case of Oil Production Regulation in Texas and Saudi Arabia by  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We examine government cartelization efforts in crude oil production. Texas and Saudi Arabia are alleged to act as swing producers to maintain the interstate (1933-1972) and OPEC (1973 on) oil cartels respectively. We analyze the political constraints that affected the ability of Texas and Saudi Arabia to act as residual producers within their respective cartels. In the case of Texas, political factors molded individual firm production quotas, advantaging high-cost producers and hence, reducing total cartel net profits. Further, Texas had limited range for adjusting total state production to maintain interstate output at levels consistent with target prices. Saudi Arabia’s role as swing producer within OPEC raises similar questions regarding how cartel output is shared among members, and the extent to which domestic economic and political pressures coming from various member countries may undermine the effectiveness of the cartel. OPEC ‘s coordination problem has been more difficult than that faced by the interstate cartel for a variety of reasons that we explore. Even so, they have not kept the OPEC members in general, and Saudi Arabia in particular, from exerting a strong influence on the level of world oil prices.

Gary D. Libecap; James L. Smith

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

SOLERAS - Saudi University Solar Cooling Laboratories Project: King Abdulaziz University. Solar cooling systems design report. Phase 1 report  

SciTech Connect

An assessment of the performance and adaptability of solar cooling systems to the Saudi Arabian environment was studied at King Abdulaziz University. Development of a solar research laboratory and the hardware and software available for installation are considered. The university's facilities for solar energy research are briefly described. A budget for the research project is proposed. (BCS)

Not Available

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

The development of contemporary housing in Saudi Arabia (1950-1983) : a study in cross-cultural influence under conditions of rapid change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study provides a framework for understanding the circumstances associated with the introduction of modern housing concepts and techniques to Saudi Arabia. The analysis and discussion of the relevant cultural influences ...

Fadan, Yousef M. (Yousef Mohammed)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

An Evaluation of the United States Standard 8-in. Nonrecording Raingage at the Valdai Polygon, Russia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A unique set of data from Valdai, Russia, (previously unreported in the United States) is used to evaluate the ubiquitous standard 8-in.-diameter raingage that has been used for over 100 years at tens of thousands of United States stations. The ...

Valentin S. Golubev; Pavel Ya Groisman; Robert G. Quayle

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

An assessment of recent extreme weather in Pakistan and Russia Mike Blackburn1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- 1 - An assessment of recent extreme weather in Pakistan and Russia Mike Blackburn1 , Andy Turner1 crossed the mountains over northern Pakistan, intensifying the monsoon rains there. This trough into northern Pakistan, beneath the trough(Fig.3) . It appears to be this conjunction of events that led

Dacre, Helen

200

Pipeline gas trade between Asian Russia, Northeast Asia gets fresh look  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Pipeline trade in natural gas between Asian Russia and Northeast Asia is receiving serious attention from the governments and companies central to the projects that might evolve. Such trade has become possible during the past 5 years because of improvements in relations between China and Russia. Prospects for a long-distance pipeline are enhanced by the possibility of extending deliveries of Russian gas to Korea and Japan to supplement imports by those countries of liquefied natural gas. Korea and Japan have expressed interest in participating in a Russia-China pipeline. But their approaches differ greatly and would require careful coordination. Furthermore, participation by western companies would be essential. A 2 year study by the Royal Institute of International Affairs examined Japanese and Korean views about energy needs and possible sources of supply. The study included a survey of 32 energy organizations in those countries. This article reviews the gas potential of Asian Russia, describes events that have brought attention to those resources as a possible source of supply to Northeast Asia, and summarizes findings of the survey.

Paik, K.W. [Royal Inst. of International Affairs, London (United Kingdom); Choi, J.Y. [University College, London (United Kingdom)

1997-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "romania russia saudi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Energy Efficiency Investments in Public Facilities - Developing a Pilot Mechanism for Energy Performance Contracts (EPCs) in Russia  

SciTech Connect

: Russian public sector buildings tend to be very inefficient, which creates vast opportunities for savings. This report overviews the latest developments in the Russian legislation related to energy efficiency in the public sector, describes the major challenges the regulations pose, and proposes ways to overcome these challenges. Given Russia’s limited experience with energy performance contracts (EPCs), a pilot project can help test an implementation mechanism. This paper discusses how EPCs and other mechanisms can help harness energy savings opportunities in Russia in general, and thus, can be applicable to any Russian region.

Evans, Meredydd; Roshchanka, Volha; Parker, Steven A.; Baranovskiy, Aleksandr

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Role of solar energy research in transferring of technology to Saudi Arabia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is blessed with abundant solar energy, which is renewable, clean, and freely available. This paper describes the status of the major research, development, and demonstration (RD and D) activities and achievements at the Energy Research Institute, King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology, in the field of solar energy. RD and D activities in the Kingdom have confirmed that solar energy has a multitude of practical uses. These include lighting, cooling, cooking, water heating, crop/fruit drying, water desalination, operating irrigation pumps, and meteorological stations, and providing road and tunnel lighting. Furthermore, these solar energy RD and D activities and achievements played a significant role in transferring technology and manpower development in the Kingdom.

Alawaji, S.H.; Hasnain, S.M.

1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

A Multiscale Analysis of the Extreme Weather Events over Western Russia and Northern Pakistan during July 2010  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This manuscript presents a detailed multiscale analysis—using observations, model analyses, and ensemble forecasts—of the extreme heat wave over Russia and historic floods over Pakistan during late July 2010, with an emphasis on the floods over ...

Thomas J. Galarneau Jr.; Thomas M. Hamill; Randall M. Dole; Judith Perlwitz

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Comparative study of economic viability of rural electrification using renewable energy resources versus diesel generator option in Saudi Arabia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of this paper is to assess the economic viability of Saudi Arabia's renewable energy resources in electricity production in the rural and remote areas as against the use of diesel generators (DG). The methodology employed is to pick an existing isolated DG electric station for a rural community and assess the levelized cost of energy (LCOE) generated for incremental generation by adding either DG

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

U.S. and Russia Cooperation Continues on Nuclear Security | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cooperation Continues on Nuclear Security Cooperation Continues on Nuclear Security U.S. and Russia Cooperation Continues on Nuclear Security June 28, 2007 - 2:08pm Addthis Newly Signed Fifth Bratislava Report Highlights Most Recent Advances in Nuclear Security and Nonproliferation WASHINGTON, D.C. - U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman and Russian Federal Atomic Energy Agency (Rosatom) Director Sergey Kiriyenko today submitted to Presidents Bush and Putin the fifth report on nuclear security cooperation between the two countries. The report is known as the Bratislava Report after the 2005 historic nonproliferation agreement between the two presidents. It details significant work completed by the United States and Russia over the past six months in the areas of emergency response, nuclear security procedures and best practices, security culture,

206

Material protection, control and accounting cooperation at the Urals Electrochemical Integrated Plant (UEIP), Novouralsk, Russia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Urals Electrochemical Integrated Plant is one of the Russian Ministry of Atomic Energy`s nuclear material production sites participating in the US Department of Energy`s Material Protection, Control and Accounting (MPC&A) Program. The Urals Electrochemical Integrated Plant is Russia`s largest uranium enrichment facility and blends tons of high-enriched uranium into low enriched uranium each year as part of the US high-enriched uranium purchase. The Electrochemical Integrated Plant and six participating national laboratories are cooperating to implement a series of enhancements to the nuclear material protection, control, and accountability systems at the site This paper outlines the overall objectives of the MPC&A program at Urals Electrochemical Integrated Plant and the work completed as of the date of the presentation.

McAllister, S., LLNL

1998-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

207

Regression analysis of residential air-conditioning energy consumption at Dhahran, Saudi Arabia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The energy consumption of a house air conditioner located at Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, is modeled as a function of weather parameters and total (global) solar radiation on a horizontal surface. The selection of effective parameters that significantly influence energy consumption is carried out using general stepping regression methods. The problem of collinearity between the regressors is also investigated. The final model involves parameters of total solar radiation on a horizontal surface, wind speed, and temperature difference between the indoor and outdoor condition. However, the model coefficients are functions of relative humidity and/or temperature difference between the indoor and outdoor condition. Model adequacy is examined by the residual analysis technique. Model validation is carried out by the data-splitting technique. The sensitivity of the model indicates that relative humidity and temperature difference strongly influence the cooling energy consumption. It was found that an increase in relative humidity from 20% to 100% can cause a 100% increase in cooling energy consumption during the high cooling season.

Abdel-Nabi, D.Y.; Zubair, S.M.; Abdelrahman, M.A.; Bahel, V. (Energy Systems Group, Div. of Energy Resources, Research Inst., King Fahd Univ. of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran (SA))

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Electromagnetic interference from transmission lines located in central region of Saudi Arabia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper discusses the electromagnetic interference (EMI) generated by transmission lines operating in the Central Region of Saudi Arabia. These lines have operating voltages of 132, 230 and 380 kV and are located in a hot, dry arid desert land where precipitaton is very low. Measurements of typical EMI characteristics such as frequency spectrum, lateral profile and statistical variation are performed for each type of line and results are analyzed. It is found that general noise characteristic of these lines are similar to those reported in the literature for other lines which are located in relatively wet environment. The results further show that if operating gradients are low, the increase of EMI due to rain is lower than 20 dB value usually observed. The presence of sand and dust storms does not increase EMI level in any appreciable manner. The fair weather EMI level of these lines can be predicted with reasonable accuracy by using the CIGRE formula. Results are also presented for power line carrier related EMI.

Al-Arainy, A.A.; Malik, N.H.; Abdul-Aal, L.N.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Electromagnetic interference from transmission lines located in central region of Saudi Arabia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper discusses the electromagnetic interference (EMI) generated by transmission lines operating in the Central Region of Saudi Arabia. These lines have operating voltages of 132, 230 and 380 kV and are located in a hot, dry arid desert land where precipitation is very low. Measurements of typical EMI characteristics such as frequency spectrum, lateral profile and statistical variation are performed for each type of line and results are analyzed. It is found that general noise characteristic of these lines are similar to those reported in the literature for other lines which are located in relatively wet environment. The results further show that if operating gradients are low, the increase of EMI due to rain is lower than 20 dB value usually observed. The presence of sand and dust storms does not increase EMI level in any appreciable manner. The fair weather EMI level of these lines can be predicted with reasonable accuracy by using the CIGRE formula. Results are also presented for power line carrier related EMI.

Al-Arainy, A.A.; Malik, N.H.; Abdul-Aal, L.N.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

The challenge of new pipeline systems in Russia and the republics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reports that there will be considerable development of the oil and gas industry in the former USSR in the near future. Concurrent with this development will be the need to repair, upgrade and extend existing pipeline systems to carry more products from an increasingly wider production base. Considerable activity in pipeline construction is envisaged in the near future in Russia and its neighboring states. Western participation will continue to grow and the CIS will become a key market for pipeline service companies and construction contractors in the closing years of the 20th century.

Davies, P. (JP Kenny Group of Companies, London (GB)); Chernyaev, V.D. (Transneft, Moscow (SU))

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

ITPA Joint Meeting on Control, St. Petersburg, Russia, 14/07/2003 R. A. Pitts, Centre de Recherches en Physique des Plasmas Some requirements and possibilities for the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ITPA Joint Meeting on Control, St. Petersburg, Russia, 14/07/2003 R. A. Pitts, Centre de Recherches de Recherches en Physique des Plasmas #12;ITPA Joint Meeting on Control, St. Petersburg, Russia, 14 factors, pumping Materials · Erosion and redeposition, tritium inventory #12;ITPA Joint Meeting on Control

212

1995 Protocol for Working Group VIII: Influence of environmental changes on climate. US-Russia agreement on cooperation in the field of protection of the environment and natural resources. Final report, January 1, 1994--December 31, 1994  

SciTech Connect

Cooperative research programs of Russia and the United States concerned with global warming and climatic change are briefly described.

NONE

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Inaugural Steering Group Meeting...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

members, Australia, Bulgaria, Canada, China, France, Ghana, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Lithuania, Poland, Republic of Korea, Romania, Russia, Slovenia and...

214

Solar Wind | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wind Jump to: navigation, search Name Solar Wind Place Krasnodar, Romania Zip 350000 Sector Solar, Wind energy Product Russia-based PV product manufacturer. Solar Wind manufactures...

215

The EU Black Sea Synergy : An Analysis.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The Black Sea is an enclosed sea, which is situated between Europe and Asia and is surrounded by Bulgaria, Georgia, Romania, Russia, Turkey and Ukraine.… (more)

Varol, Songul

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Inaugural Steering Group Meeting...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Ghana, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Lithuania, Poland, Republic of Korea, Romania, Russia, Slovenia and Ukraine and three international organizations as...

217

Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Mozambique, Nicaragua, Peru, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, South Africa, South Korea, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, Tunisia, Uganda, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, Zimbabwe Western...

218

Global warming risk in Russia: National actions and some options for international cooperation  

SciTech Connect

In the management of global environmental risks the Russia case is a special one regarding certain specific features which determine the position of the country, particularly in a new international community emerged on the territory of the former Soviet Union, large scientific interest to the global physical processes and low interest and capabilities to deal with such risks on the part of social institutions inherited from the USSR. The largest country in the world with visible geopolitical role and probably biggest regional differences could not be ignored as a one of major players in the management of global environmental risks. The understanding of all deficiencies and positive sides of global risks management process in this country are absolutely important for extrapolating the appropriate trends in some other parts of the world. At the same time the ex-Soviet Union case shows clearly how the social learning process can radically ``change the course``, diverting to the opposite direction the social goals and preferences. Starting the studies on possibilities to change the climate for improving the human being, the former soviet society perceived the risks of human impact on climate and started to regulate it and to participate in the process of international management of global warming. The level of activity in this process on the part of Russia will however depend heavily on how much national interests will be reflected in the specific prevention measures realized by the international community.

Sokolov, V.I. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation)

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Renewable Energy Potentials in Saudi Arabia S. A. M. Said, I. M. El-Amin and A.M. Al-Shehri  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and economic feasibility of wind energy utilization in the Kingdom has not yet fully explored. Several studies were conducted to assess the potential of wind energy in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The wind map of energy. The most natural renewable energy sources which are freely available are wind and solar

220

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - U.S ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Kazakhstan; Korea, South; Kuwait; Libya; Malaysia; Mexico; Nigeria; Norway; Oman; Qatar; Russia; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; South Africa; Sudan and South Sudan; Syria ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "romania russia saudi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Kazakhstan; Korea, South; Kuwait; Libya; Malaysia; Mexico; Nigeria; Norway; Oman; Qatar; Russia; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; South Africa; Sudan and South Sudan; Syria ...

222

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - U.S ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Iran; Iraq; Japan; Kazakhstan; Korea, South; Kuwait; Libya; Malaysia; Mexico; Nigeria; Norway; Oman; Qatar; Russia; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; South Africa; Sudan and ...

223

Italy - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Italy's main crude oil suppliers are Libya, Azerbaijan, Saudi Arabia, and Russia. ... the colder than normal weather in Europe in early 2012, ...

224

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - U.S ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Korea, South; Kuwait; Libya; Malaysia; Mexico; Nigeria; Norway; Oman; Qatar; Russia; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; South Africa; Sudan and South Sudan; Syria; Thailand ...

225

Malaysia - Analysis - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Korea, South; Kuwait; Libya; Malaysia; Mexico; Nigeria; Norway; Oman; Qatar; Russia; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; South Africa; Sudan and South Sudan; Syria; Thailand ...

226

Bulgaria - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Korea, South; Kuwait; Libya; Malaysia; Mexico; Nigeria; Norway; Oman; Qatar; Russia; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; South Africa; Sudan and South Sudan; Syria; Thailand ...

227

Afghanistan - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Korea, South; Kuwait; Libya; Malaysia; Mexico; Nigeria; Norway; Oman; Qatar; Russia; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; South Africa; Sudan and South Sudan; Syria; Thailand ...

228

United States - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Korea, South; Kuwait; Libya; Malaysia; Mexico; Nigeria; Norway; Oman; Qatar; Russia; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; South Africa; Sudan and South Sudan; Syria; Thailand ...

229

Japan - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Korea, South; Kuwait; Libya; Malaysia; Mexico; Nigeria; Norway; Oman; Qatar; Russia; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; South Africa; Sudan and South Sudan; Syria; Thailand ...

230

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Korea, South; Kuwait; Libya; Malaysia; Mexico; Nigeria; Norway; Oman; Qatar; Russia; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; South Africa; Sudan and South Sudan; Syria; Thailand ...

231

Countries - Data - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Korea, South; Kuwait; Libya; Malaysia; Mexico; Nigeria; Norway; Oman; Qatar; Russia; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; South Africa; Sudan and South Sudan; Syria; Thailand ...

232

Electricity Prices for Industry - EIA - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Korea, South; Kuwait; Libya; Malaysia; Mexico; Nigeria; Norway; Oman; Qatar; Russia; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; South Africa; Sudan and South Sudan; Syria; Thailand ...

233

Notes for International Energy Statistics  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Dry Natural Gas: OECD, Brazil, Russia, India, China, Venezuela & Saudi Arabia: 6/30: 2010 : All Countries: 11/4: 2010 : Reserves: Proven Reserves of Natural Gas: All ...

234

Syria - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... power plants, fuel use, stocks, generation, trade, demand ... Russia; Saudi Arabia; ... Syrian oil production is down by over 50 percent since March ...

235

American Samoa - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Russia; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; ... American Samoa is nearly 100 percent dependent on imported fossil fuels, including diesel fuel for its electric power generation.

236

Algeria - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... electric power plant emissions. ... Russia; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; ... more than 99 percent of Algeria's electricity generation comes from fossil-fuel sources.

237

Brazil - Analysis - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Russia; Saudi Arabia; ... Hydropower accounted for 85 percent of this generation, ... The other major contributor to Brazil's thermal power generation in 2010 was ...

238

United States - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Sales, revenue and prices, power plants, fuel use, stocks, generation, trade, demand & emissions. ... Russia; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; South Africa; Sudan and South ...

239

Strengthening the Nigerian Sovereign Investment Authority: A Policy Analysis of the Nigerian Excess Crude Account and the Nigerian Sovereign Investment Authority Act  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Global Pension Reserve Oil Saudi Arabia SAMA Foreign n/aWelfare Pension Fund Reserve Oil Qatar Qatar Investmentand the General Reserve Fund) Oil & Gas Russia National

Ugwuibe, Cynthia

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Investigating Indoor Radon Levels and Influencing Factors in Primary Schools of Zulfi City, Saudi Arabia  

SciTech Connect

Measurement of indoor Concentrations were performed in Zulfi city of Saudi Arabia, using CR-39 track etch detectors. This investigation focused on the influence of different parameters, namely different locations, school categories, school building types, and room type as well as on the existence of differences in radon concentration at floor levels. We divided the Zulfi city into five regions, keeping in mind their geographical locations between Tuwaiq Mountains and Al-Thuwayrat sands. The measured average radon concentrations for regions 1-5 respectively are: 87.0{+-}14.2 Bq/m{sup 3}, 83.4{+-}6.0 Bq/m{sup 3}, 61.6{+-}6.4 Bq/m{sup 3}, 63.7{+-}5.4 Bq/m{sup 3} and 87.5{+-}6.Bq/m{sup 3} and the minimum concentrations are 28.0 Bq/m{sup 3}, 5.5 Bq/m{sup 3}, 1.1 Bq/m{sup 3}, 1.0 Bq/m{sup 3} and 24 Bq/m{sup 3} respectively. These results are still within normal limits and below the action level of 148 Bqm{sup -3} set by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). A test of significance using Minitab program was applied to investigate if radon levels in regions are significantly different from each other. We tried all combinations, and found the following results. The ''within regions''(different location) test yielded, region 2 is not significant versus region ''1''(p = 0.783) and versus region ''5''(P = 0.646), whereas it is significant versus region ''3''(P = 0.0160) and also versus region ''4''(p = 0.018). We investigated government and rented school's building also and none was found significantly different (p = 0.052). Floors of the same building were tested in order to examine the radon concentration as a function of storey level. No significant difference was observed at floor levels (p = 0.009). When girl's schools versus Boys and kindergartens schools were tested they were found significantly different. It is believed that this significant difference is due to geographical nature of the area, since most of the girl's schools were selected from regions 2 and 3, these regions are relatively close to the Tuwaiq mountains whereas other regions are near to the Al-Thuwayrat sands.

Al-Ghamdi, S. S.; Al-Garawi, M. S.; Al-Mosa, Tahani M.; Baig, M. R. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, College of Science, King Saud University, P. O. Box 2455, Riyadh 11451 (Saudi Arabia)

2011-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "romania russia saudi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets (Redirected from Ecofys Country Fact Sheets) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Ecofys Country Fact Sheets Agency/Company /Organization: Ecofys Sector: Energy, Land Topics: Background analysis, Baseline projection, GHG inventory, Policies/deployment programs Website: www.ecofys.com/files/files/ecofys_2011_country_factsheets_update.pdf Country: Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, China, Colombia, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, European Union, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, South Korea, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Malta, Mexico, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Venezuela

242

Total Crude Oil and Products Imports from All Countries  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Country: All Countries Persian Gulf OPEC Algeria Angola Ecuador Iraq Kuwait Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Venezuela Non OPEC Albania Argentina Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bolivia Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burma Cameroon Canada Chad Chile China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Cook Islands Costa Rica Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Dominican Republic Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Estonia Finland France Gabon Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibralter Greece Guatemala Guinea Hong Kong Hungary India Indonesia Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liberia Lithuania Malaysia Malta Mauritania Mexico Midway Islands Morocco Namibia Netherlands Netherlands Antilles New Zealand Nicaragua Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Papua New Guinea Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Romania Russia Senegal Singapore Slovakia South Africa Spain Spratly Islands Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Thailand Togo Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uruguay Uzbekistan Vietnam Virgin Islands (U.S.) Yemen

243

Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Ecofys Country Fact Sheets Agency/Company /Organization: Ecofys Sector: Energy, Land Topics: Background analysis, Baseline projection, GHG inventory, Policies/deployment programs Website: www.ecofys.com/files/files/ecofys_2011_country_factsheets_update.pdf Country: Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, China, Colombia, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, European Union, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, South Korea, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Malta, Mexico, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Venezuela

244

Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)-Fossil Fuel CO2  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)-Fossil Fuel CO2 Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)-Fossil Fuel CO2 Emissions Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)-Fossil Fuel CO2 Emissions Agency/Company /Organization: Oak Ridge National Laboratory Sector: Energy, Climate Topics: GHG inventory, Background analysis Resource Type: Dataset Website: cdiac.ornl.gov/trends/emis/meth_reg.html Country: United States, Canada, Mexico, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Belgium, Luxembourg, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Kazakhstan, Lithuania, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Kingdom, Uzbekistan, Iran, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Algeria, Egypt, South Africa, Australia, Bangladesh, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Pakistan, Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand

245

Effects of Frozen Soil on Soil Temperature, Spring Infiltration, and Runoff: Results from the PILPS 2(d) Experiment at Valdai, Russia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Project for Intercomparison of Land-Surface Parameterization Schemes phase 2(d) experiment at Valdai, Russia, offers a unique opportunity to evaluate land surface schemes, especially snow and frozen soil parameterizations. Here, the ability ...

Lifeng Luo; Alan Robock; Konstantin Y. Vinnikov; C. Adam Schlosser; Andrew G. Slater; Aaron Boone; Pierre Etchevers; Florence Habets; Joel Noilhan; Harald Braden; Peter Cox; Patricia de Rosnay; Robert E. Dickinson; Yongjiu Dai; Qing-Cun Zeng; Qingyun Duan; John Schaake; Ann Henderson-Sellers; Nicola Gedney; Yevgeniy M. Gusev; Olga N. Nasonova; Jinwon Kim; Eva Kowalczyk; Kenneth Mitchell; Andrew J. Pitman; Andrey B. Shmakin; Tatiana G. Smirnova; Peter Wetzel; Yongkang Xue; Zong-Liang Yang

2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Vision and framework for technical and management support to facilitate foreign spent fuel storage and geologic disposal in Russia  

SciTech Connect

This ''Technical and Management Support'' program would facilitate the transfer of spent fuel from commercial power plants in Taiwan to a storage and geologic repository site near Krasnoyarsk, Russia. This program resolves issues of disposition of Taiwan spent fuel (including US origin fuel) and provides revenue for Russia to develop an integrated spent fuel storage and radioactive waste management system including a geologic repository. LLNL has ongoing contracts and collaborations with all the principal parties and is uniquely positioned to facilitate the development of such a program. A three-phase approach over 20 years is proposed: namely, an initial feasibility investigation followed by an engineering development phase, and then implementation.

Halsey, W G; Jardine, L J; Smith, C F

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Lessons Learned and Present Day Challenges of Addressing 20th Century Radiation Legacies of Russia and the United States  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The decommissioning of nuclear submarines, disposal of highly-enriched uranium and weapons-grade plutonium, and processing of high-level radioactive wastes represent the most challenging issues facing the cleanup of 20th century radiation legacy wastes and facilities. The US and Russia are the two primary countries dealing with these challenges, because most of the world's fissile inventory is being processed and stored at multiple industrial sites and nuclear weapons production facilities in these countries.

KRISTOFZSKI, J.G.

2000-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

248

Petroleum and geothermal production technology in Russia: Summary of information obtained during informational meetings with several Russian Institutes  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Russian scientists and engineers have drilled the deepest holes in the world. It is recognized that this experience has given them an expertise in drilling superdeep holes, as well as other aspects of drilling, completions, and geophysics. More and more US oil and gas companies are vigorously expanding their exploration and development into Russia. It is important for them to identify and use Russian technology in drilling, completion, logging, and reservoir characterization to the extent possible, in order to both reduce drilling costs and help support the Russian economy. While these US companies are interested in becoming involved in and/or sponsoring research in Russia, they have been unsure as to which scientists and institutes are working on problems of interest. It was also important to determine in which areas Russian technology is farther advanced than in the West. Such technology could then be commercialized as part of the Industrial Partnering Program. In order to develop a clear understanding of these issues, two Sandia engineers with drilling and completions expertise and a geophysicist with expertise in reservoir analysis traveled to Russia to meet with Russian scientists and engineers to discuss their technologies and areas of interest. This report contains a summary of the information obtained during the visit.

Schafer, D.M.; Glowka, D.A.; Teufel, L.W.

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Scientists in a Changed Institutional Environment: Subjective Adaptation and Social Responsibility Norms in Russia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

How do scientists react when the institutional setting in which they conduct their work changes radically? How do long-standing norms regarding the social responsibility of scientists fare? What factors influence whether scientists embrace or reject the new institutions and norms? We examine these questions using data from a unique survey of 602 scientists in Russia, whose science system experienced a sustained crisis and sweeping changes in science institutions following the collapse of the Soviet Union. We develop measures of how respondents view financing based on grants and other institutional changes in the Russian science system, as well as measures of two norms regarding scientists social responsibility. We find that the majority of scientists have adapted, in the sense that they hold positive views of the new institutions, but a diversity of orientations remains. Social responsibility norms are common among Russian scientists, but far from universal. The main correlates of adaptation are age and current success at negotiating the new institutions, though prospective success, work context, and ethnicity have some of the hypothesized associations. As for social responsibility norms, the main source of variation is age: younger scientists are more likely to embrace individualistic rather than socially-oriented norms.

Gerber, T P; Ball, D Y

2008-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

250

HEU Transparency Program: Monitoring at the U.S. Permanent Presence Office in Russia  

SciTech Connect

In February 1993, the US and the Russian Federation signed an agreement that allows the US to purchase 500 tonnes of Russian low-enriched uranium (LEU) that has been blended down from the high-enriched uranium (HEU) from Russia's dismantled nuclear weapons. The agreement calls for the HEU to be blended down to LEU at Russian facilities and then shipped to the United states to be used for making commercial reactor fuel. This HEU Agreement was crafted to avoid the rigid verification procedures of previous arms control and nonproliferation treaties. In the United States, it is being implemented by the US Department of Energy (DOE) under the HEU Transparency Program. Transparency refers to agreed-upon measures intended to build confidence that the objectives of the HEU Agreement are being met. The objectives of the HEU Transparency Program are to ensure that (a) the HEU subject to the agreement is extracted from Russian nuclear weapons; (b) this same extracted HEU enters an oxidation facility and is oxidized therein; (c) the declared quantity of HEU is blended down to LEU; and (d) the LEU that is delivered to the United states, pursuant to the agreement, is fabricated into fuel for commercial nuclear reactors. The HEU Agreement gives Russian monitors access to the US Enrichment Corporation's Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant in Piketon, Ohio, and to the five US fuel fabrication facilities receiving the Russian uranium. In turn, US monitors have access to the four principal Russian plants that convert HEU to LEU. Currently, monitoring at three Russian facilities--the Mayak Production Association near Ozersk, Siberian Chemical Enterprise (SChE) near Tomsk, and Electrochemical Integrated Plant (ECP) near Zelenogorsk--is confined to periodic visits. However, US monitors have continuous access to the Ural Electrochemical Integrated Enterprise (UEIE) in Novouralsk through the US Permanent Presence Office (PPO) located there. This paper summarizes the monitoring activities and challenges involved in managing and coordinating the PPO.

Boggs, C.J.; Monette, F.A.; Hensley, J.E.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Basin-centered gas accumulation in the Timan-Pechora Basin, Russia  

SciTech Connect

As a consequence of the USAID-funded program between the USGS and ROSCOMNEDRA, a very large basin-centered gas accumulation has been identified in Permian orogenic flysch and molasse rocks in the pre-Ural (Kosyu-Rogov) depression of the Timan-Pechora Basin, Russia. In the Timan-Pechora Basin the Artinskian, Kungurian, and Ufimian (Leonardian-Guadalupian) gas-bearing sequence is as thick as 2,000 in and is composed of interbedded sandstone, siltstone, shale, and coal. Sandstone porosity ranges from 3 to 15% and permeability is commonly less than 0.1 md. Drill-stem and production tests indicate that these rocks are gas saturated with little or no producible water. Pore pressures are abnormally high with gradients of about 0.50 to 0.60 psi/ft. The source of the gas is most likely the interbedded coals and other carbonaceous lithologies. The organic carbon content of these rocks, exclusive of coal, ranges from <0.2 to 4.0 weight percent, averaging 1.5%. The top of the gas accumulation is interpreted to cut across structural and stratigraphic boundaries similar to basin-centered gas accumulations in North America. However, south of the Kosyu-Rogov depression, coal-bearing Kungurian rocks have undergone a facies change into evaporates, forming a regional seal that extends southward into the Volga-Ural Province. The southern extent of the gas accumulation below the evaporate seal is unknown, but it may extend far to the south, making it one of the largest gas accumulations in the world.

Law. B.E. (Geological Survey, Denver, CO (United States)); Bogatsky, V.; Danileksky, S.; Galkina, L. (TPO, VNIGRI, Ukhta (Russian Federation)) (and other)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Coalbed methane potential of the Pechora Coalfield, Timan-Pechora Basin, Russia  

SciTech Connect

A comparison of the more important geologic attributes of coal beds in the coalbed methane producing regions of the United States to Permian coal beds in the Pechora Coalfield, Timan-Pechora Basin, Russia indicates a high potential for commercial coalbed methane production. Although the depositional and structural histories, as well as the age, of the coal beds in the Pechora Coalfield are different than coal beds in U.S. basins, coal quality attributes are similar. The more prospective part of the coal-bearing sequence is as thick as 1600 m and contains more than 150 coal beds that individually are as thick as 4 m. These coal beds are composed primarily of rank ranges from subbituminous to anthracite (,0.5->2.5% R[sub 0]), with the highest rank coal located near the city of Vorkuta. Published data indicates that the gas content of coals is as high as 28-35 m[sup 3]/ton, with an average value of 18 m[sup 3]/ton. About 700 MMCM of gas per year is emmitted from coal mines. Pore pressures in the coal beds are unknown, however, interbedded sandstones in some parts of the basin are overpressured. The commonly occurring problem, in mid-latitude coalbed methane well, of excessive amounts of water may be alleviated in this high-latitude coal field. We suggest that the wide-spread occurrence of permafrost in the Pechora Coalfield may form an effective barrier to down-dip water flow, thereby facilitating the dewatering state. In summary, the quality of coal beds in the Pechora Coalfield are similar to methane producing coal beds in the United States and should, therefore, be favorable for commercial rates of gas production.

Yakutseni, V.P.; Petrova, Y.E. (VNIGRI, St. Petersburg (Russian Federation)); Law, B.E.; Ulmishek, G.F. (Geological Survey, Denver, CO (United States))

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

SOLERAS - Saudi Arabian-United States Program for cooperation in the field of solar energy: Executive summary SOLERAS Program overview  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The SOLERAS Program was a unique bilateral, international, cooperative research effort. The intent of SOLERAS was to utilize the technical and financial resources of each country to advance the development of solar energy through cooperative research projects. The Program involved research and applications in most of the major renewable technologies during its nine-year life, and its participants include some of the most accomplished individuals, corporations, universities, and laboratories in solar energy research. The Program benefited enormously from the professional and personal commitment of these participants. SOLERAS accomplished several major research projects, completed resource assessment activities, and sponsored numerous technology workshops, short courses, and technical reports. This Executive Summary report provides only a limited overview of the activities and major accomplishments. Detailed project activities and experiences are documented in numerous SOLERAS reports describing system design, operations, and evaluations. These reports are available in the United States through the National Technical Information Center. In Saudi Arabia, these reports are available through the King Abdul Aziz City for Science and Technology. 19 figs., 4 tabs.

Williamson, J.S.; Key, W.P.

1987-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Anthropogenic Disturbance of Western Gray Whale Behavior Off Sakhalin Island, Russia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

he western North Pacific population of gray whales (Eschrichtius robustus) is critically endangered of extinction. The population size is estimated to be 131 individuals with 31 reproductive females. Throughout their potential home range, the western gray whale population face several threats to their future survival. On their only known feeding grounds off the northeastern coast of Sakhalin Island, Russia, anthropogenic activity has increased in the past decade due to oil and gas exploration and platform/pipeline construction. This dissertation examines the influences of geophysical seismic surveys (pulse sounds) and platform/pipeline installation (continuous sounds). Each chapter progressively improves upon behavioral models that assess changes in gray whale movements and respirations relative to anthropogenic activity. Theodolite tracking and focal follow methodologies were employed to collect gray whales' movement and respiration information during and in the absence of anthropogenic activity. Spatial, temporal, environmental, and acoustic (pulse and/or continuous) sound levels and non-sound related anthropogenic variables were included as explanatory variables to examine their influence on movement and respiration response variables, such as speed, orientations, dive/surface time, breathing rates, etc. During the 3-D seismic activity, gray whales traveled faster, changed directions of movement less, were recorded farther from shore and stayed underwater longer between respirations as the received sound level exposure increased. During platform/pipeline installations, western gray whales increased their distance from shore with indicators of stress (rapid breathing) and observed to be sensitive to close distance of approach by vessels. No acoustic influence on western gray whale behavior was found during a 4-D seismic survey; however, sample sizes were small in this study to sufficiently detect more subtle to moderate changes in gray whale behavior. These studies illustrate short-term influences anthropogenic activity had on western gray whale behavior which could lead to longer-term responses that may be detrimental to the survival of certain individuals and/or the population. A comprehensive analyses are proposed to increase sample sizes to identify subtle to moderate behavioral changes as well as examine alternative hypotheses to the null hypothesis of no impact used in this dissertation. With the potential to displace individuals/population out of critical feeding habitats needed for their annual survival and the expected increase of anthropogenic activity in the future, this dissertation highlights the importance to monitor and identify problems and suggest alternatives to development/activities that may be impacting this endangered population of gray whales.

Gailey, Glenn Andrew

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

The morpho-topographic and cartographic analysis of the archaeological site Cornesti "Iarcuri", Timis County, Romania, using computer sciences methods (GIS and Remote Sensing techniques)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The archaeological site Cornesti "Iarcuri" is the largest earth fortification in Romania, made out of four concentric compounds, spreading over 1780 hectares. It is known since 1700, but it had only a few small attempts of systematic research, the fortress gained interest only after the publishing of some satellite images by Google Earth. It is located in an area of high fields and it occupies three interfluves and contains two streams. Our paper contains a geomorphologic, topographic and cartographic analysis of the site in order to determine the limits, the structure, the morphology, the construction technique and the functionality of such a fortification.Our research is based on satellite image analysis, on archaeological topography, on soil, climate and vegetation analysis as a way to offer a complex image, through this interdisciplinary study of landscape archaeology. Through our work we try not to date the site as this objective will be achieved only after completing the systematic excavations which sta...

Micle, Dorel; Maruia, Liviu

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

The DOE/Gosatomnadzor collaboration, Project 3: Providing equipment and support for Gosatomnadzor inspection activities in Russia  

SciTech Connect

Project 3 consists of two subprojects: Project 3.1 -- providing Materials Control and Accounting (MC and A) equipment to GAN inspectors; and Project 3.2 -- the development of Russian indigenous MC and A equipment capability for GAN. The objective of Project 3.1 is to provide equipment for use by GAN inspectors during independent inspections of facilities that contain direct-use material. To accomplish this, Project 3.1 develops the initial training for GAN instructors on the instruments provided by the US and contracts with Safety Limited, a GAN contractor for developing methodologies and procedures for using the equipment and acceptance checkout and delivery. The equipment deliveries were divided into three phases to fit within the DOE budget and priority constraints. With the equipment delivered to the inspectors, Phase 1 is complete. Phase 2 has been started by purchasing and checking out neutron coincidence counting (NCC) equipment at Los Alamos. The GAN instructors have been trained on NCCs, cherenkov vision devices (CVDs), ultrasonic thickness gages (UTGs), and tamper indicating devices (TIDs) at Los Alamos. Phase 3 has been delayed to fiscal year 1999 (FY99) due to budget constraints. Project 3.2 addresses the important issue of sustainability for safeguards equipment in Russia. GAN`s Project 3.2 will help establish indigenous equipment for Russian safeguards. The initial review of Russian manufacturing capabilities for safeguards equipment has been completed and recommendations have been made. To this end, the authors are encouraging US vendors to collaborate with Russian institutes and have contracted with the All-Russia Research Institute of Automatics (VINIIA) and Aquila Technologies to fabricate a Russian Active-Well Coincidence Counter (AWCC) from US parts.

Hoida, H.W. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Lanier, R. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); Schultz, F. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

257

Comparison of resource assessment methods and geologic controls--deep natural gas plays and zones, United States and Russia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Deep (greater than 4.5 km--15,000 ft) conventional natural gas resources will play an important role in the future energy needs of the United States and Russia. Deep sedimentary basins are widespread in these countries and have formed in a variety of depositional and tectonic settings. Significant volumes of undiscovered deep natural gas are in the Gulf Coast, Anadarko, Permian, and Rocky Mountain basins of the U.S., and in the Timan-Pechora, West Siberia, East Siberia, and North and South Caspian basins of the former Soviet Union. Deep natural gas resources are regularly assessed by the All-Russia Petroleum Research Exploration Institute (VNIGRI) and the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) as part of their normal research activities. Both VNIGRI and the USGS employ similar assessment methods involving play (or zone) analysis using geological data and based on an analysis of confirmed and hypothetical plays using field-size distributions, discovery-process models, and statistical estimation procedures that yield probabilistic estimates of undiscovered accumulations. Resource estimates for the deep structural and statigraphic plays of the Anadarko basin and deep Paleozoic zones in the Timan-Pechora basin are compared and contrasted using both methods. Differences in results of assessments between VNIGRI and USGS arise due to (1) the way in which plays/zones are defined, (2) different geochemical models for hydrocarbon generation as applied to hypothetical plays, (3) variations in the ways in which statistical estimation procedures are applied to plays and regions, and (4) differences in economic and technologic assumptions, reserve growth calculations, and accumulation size limits and ranges.

Dyman, T.S. (Geological Survey, Denver, CO (United States)); Belonin, M.D. (All-Russia Petroleum Research Exploration Inst., St. Petersburg (Russian Federation)) (and others)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

Analytical analyses of startup measurements associated with the first use of LEU fuel in Romania's 14-MW TRIGA reactor  

SciTech Connect

The 14-MW TRIGA steady state reactor (SSR) is located in Pitesti, Romania. Beginning with an HEU core (10 wt% U), the reactor first went critical in November 1979 but was shut down ten years later because of insufficient excess reactivity. Last November the Institute for Nuclear Research (INR), which operates the SSR, received from the ANL RERTR program a shipment of 125 LEU pins fabricated by General Atomics and of the same geometry as the original fuel but with an enrichment of 19.7% 235U and a loading of 45 wt% U. Using 100 of these pins, four LEU clusters, each containing a 5 x 5 square array of fuel rods, were assembled. These four LEU clusters replaced the four most highly burned HEU elements in the SSR. The reactor resumed operations last February with a 35-element mixed HEU/LEU core configuration. In preparation for full power operation of the SSR with this mixed HEU/LEU core, a number of measurements were made. These included control rod calibrations, excess reactivity determinations, worths of experiment facilities, reaction rate distributions, and themocouple measurements of fuel temperatures as a function of reactor power. This paper deals with a comparison of some of these measured reactor parameters with corresponding analytical calculations.

Bretscher, M.M.; Snelgrove, J.L. (Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)); Ciocanescu, M. (Institute for Nuclear Research, Pitesti (Romania))

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Generating capacity of the united power system of Russia and conditions of fuel supply to electric power plants for the period up to 2020  

SciTech Connect

Prospects of development of the energy economy in Russia are considered up to 2020. The proportion of thermal power plants (TPP) in the structure of the generating capacity of Russia amounts to about 70% (147 mln kW). The proportion of gas in the structure of fuel consumed by TPP amounts to 64%. It is predicted that the fraction of high-quality kinds of fuel (gas and fuel oil) will decrease in the considered period due to maximum involvement of coal in the fuel balance and wider use of combined-cycle and gas-turbine technologies that provide a lower specific consumption of fuel. It is planned to resort to advanced technologies both for reconstructing existing plants and erecting new ones. This paper deals with problems of fuel supply of fossil-fuel-fired thermal power plants in the light of the evolution of the energy economy of Russia. The demand of TPP for different kinds of fossil fuel, i.e., gas, coal, and fuel oil, is estimated for the whole of the country and for its regions according to two variants of development of the generating capacity with planned commissioning of combined-cycle plants with a total output of 32 mln kW and gas-turbine plants with a total output of 61 mln kW in the period of up to 2020. The tasks of the fuel policy to be solved in the considered period are presented.

V.I. Chemodanov; N.V. Bobyleva; N.G. Chelnokova; N.Yu. Sokolova [Energoset'proekt Institute, Moscow (Russian Federation)

2002-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

260

The Gains from Privatization in Transition Economies: Is "Change of Ownership" Enough?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia; 1991: Croatia, Macedonia, Slovenia; 1992: Armenia, Azerbaijan) Belarus, Moldova, Russia, Ukraine Caucasus (6) Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia Central Asia (7) Kazakhstan: Croatia, Macedonia, Slovenia. 1992: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz

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261

The Optimized Integration of the Decontamination Plan and the Radwaste Management Plan into Decommissioning Plan to the VVR-S Research Reactor from Romania  

SciTech Connect

The paper presents the progress of the Decontamination Plan and Radioactive Waste Management Plan which accompanies the Decommissioning Plan for research reactor VVR-S located in Magurele, Ilfov, near Bucharest, Romania. The new variant of the Decommissioning Plan was elaborated taking into account the IAEA recommendation concerning radioactive waste management. A new feasibility study for VVR-S decommissioning was also elaborated. The preferred safe management strategy for radioactive wastes produced by reactor decommissioning is outlined. The strategy must account for reactor decommissioning, as well as rehabilitation of the existing Radioactive Waste Treatment Plant and the upgrade of the Radioactive Waste Disposal Facility at Baita-Bihor. Furthermore, the final rehabilitation of the laboratories and reusing of cleaned reactor building is envisaged. An inventory of each type of radioactive waste is presented. The proposed waste management strategy is selected in accordance with the IAEA assistance. Environmental concerns are a part of the radioactive waste management strategy. In conclusion: The current version 8 of the Draft Decommissioning Plan which include the Integrated concept of Decontamination and Decommissioning and Radwaste Management, reflects the substantial work that has been incorporated by IFIN-HH in collaboration with SITON, which has resulted in substantial improvement in document The decommissioning strategy must take into account costs for VVR-S Reactor decommissioning, as well as costs for much needed refurbishments to the radioactive waste treatment plant and the Baita-Bihor waste disposal repository. Several improvements to the Baita-Bihor repository and IFIN-HH waste treatment facility were proposed. The quantities and composition of the radioactive waste generated by VVR-S Reactor dismantling were again estimated by streams and the best demonstrated practicable processing solution was proposed. The estimated quantities of materials to be managed in the near future raise some issues that need to be solved swiftly, such as treatment of aluminum and lead and graphite management. It is envisaged that these materials to be treated to Subsidiary for Nuclear Research (SCN) Pitesti. (authors)

Barariu, G. [National Authority for Nuclear Activity-Subsidiary of Technology and Engineering for Nuclear Projects (Romania)

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Top World Oil Producers, 2012 (Thousand Barrels per Day) Sort By Country; Production; 1 Saudi Arabia; 11,726; 2 United States; 11,115; 3 Russia; 10,397; 4 China ...

263

Jordan - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Russia; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; South Africa; Sudan ... which is used in power generation) by more than 25 percent in 2011 to help make up for the loss of natural ...

264

Arsenic speciation and transport associated with the release of spent geothermal fluids in Mutnovsky field (Kamchatka, Russia)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The use of geothermal fluids for the production of electricity poses a risk of contaminating surface waters when spent fluids are discharged into (near) surface environments. Arsenic (As) in particular is a common component in geothermal fluids and leads to a degradation of water quality when present in mobile and bioavailable forms. We have examined changes in arsenic speciation caused by quick transition from high temperature reducing conditions to surface conditions, retention mechanisms, and the extent of transport associated with the release of spent geothermal fluids at the Dachny geothermal fields (Mutnovsky geothermal region), Kamchatka, Russia -- a high temperature field used for electricity production. In the spent fluids, the arsenic concentration reaches 9 ppm, while in natural hot springs expressed in the vicinity of the field, the As concentration is typically below 10 ppb. The aqueous phase arsenic speciation was determined using Liquid Chromatography (LC) coupled to an Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometer (ICP-MS). The arsenic speciation in the bottom sediments (geothermal source fluids is predominantly found as As(III), while a mixture of As(III)/As(V) is found in the water and sediment of the Falshivaia River downstream from the power plant. The extent of elevated arsenic concentrations in water is limited by adsorption to the bottom sediment and dilution, as determined using Cl{sup -} from the deep well fluids as a tracer. Analysis of the Extended X-ray Absorption Fine Structure (EXAFS) spectra shows that sediment phase arsenic is associated with both Al- and Fe-rich phases with a bi-dentate corner sharing local geometry. The geothermal waste fluids released in the surface water create a localized area of arsenic contamination. The extent of transport of dissolved As is limited to {approx}7 km downstream from the source, while As associated with bottom sediment travels {approx}3 km farther.

Ilgen, Anastasia G.; Rychagov, Sergey N.; Trainor, Thomas P. (Alaska Fairbanks); (Russ. Acad. Sci.)

2011-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

265

Blend Down Monitoring System Fissile Mass Flow Monitor Implementation at the ElectroChemical Plant, Zelenogorsk, Russia  

SciTech Connect

The implementation plans and preparations for installation of the Fissile Mass Flow Monitor (FMFM) equipment at the ElectroChemical Plant (ECP), Zelenogorsk, Russia, are presented in this report. The FMFM, developed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, is part of the Blend Down Monitoring System (BDMS), developed for the U.S. Department of Energy Highly Enriched Uranium (HEU) Transparency Implementation Program. The BDMS provides confidence to the United States that the Russian nuclear facilities supplying the lower-assay ({approx}4%) product low enriched uranium (P-LEU) to the United States from down-blended weapons-grade HEU are meeting the nonproliferation goals of the government-to-government HEU Purchase Agreement, signed between the Russian Federation and the United States in 1993. The first BDMS has been operational at Ural Electrochemical Integrated Plant, Novouralsk, since February 1999 and is successfully providing HEU transparency data to the United States. The second BDMS was installed at ECP in February 2003. The FMFM makes use of a set of thermalized californium-252 ({sup 252}Cf) spontaneous neutron sources for a modulated fission activation of the UF{sub 6} gas stream for measuring the {sup 235}U fissile mass flow rate. To do this, the FMFM measures the transport time of the fission fragments created from the fission activation process under the modulated source to the downstream detectors by detecting the delayed gamma rays from the fission fragments. The FMFM provides unattended, nonintrusive measurements of the {sup 235}U mass flow in the HEU, LEU blend stock, and P-LEU process legs. The FMFM also provides the traceability of the HEU flow to the product process leg. This report documents the technical installation requirements and the expected operational characteristics of the ECP FMFM.

Uckan, T.

2005-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

266

Economic and legal aspects of the organization of planning and construction of structures on the Continental Shelf of Arctic Seas of Russia  

SciTech Connect

At the current stage of development of Russia`s economy the problem arises of refining the concept and working out a strategy of developing the oil gas resources of the continental shelf. The given concept determines the main strategic directions with respect to the disposition, volumes, and scope of works, creation and use of special equipment, structures, and floating equipment, determination of the extent and dynamics of investments, evaluation of the potential possibilities of various financial sources, etc. Strategy is based on the fairly long-term (15-20 years) cost effectiveness of exploration and development of offshore oil and gas reserves governed by the high geologic prospects and poor study of the continental shelf of Russia. The approach to the solution of this problem obviously, should provide for the follow stages: Planning an exploration program realized mainly by centralized budgetary funds. The second stage is a prediction of the results of the competition, i.e., prediction of the number of specific blocks being claimed. A special problem is the selection of the form of licensing agreement. The existing legislation, particularly the Russian Federation Mineral Resources Law, provides for forms of concession and production sharing in addition to the traditional leasing form. One of the problems is the absence of an official division of Russian water areas according to their status: territoral waters, 200-mile exclusive (economic) zone, and continental shelf. Legal problems begin with the presence of variant readings in the formulation of the concepts of three aforementioned zones. All these problems either directly or indirectly determine the economic conditions and successfulness of the converted and other enterprises and organizations developing offshore oil and gas resources.

Nikitin, B.A.; Perchik, A.I.

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Blend Down Monitoring System Fissile Mass Flow Monitor and its Implementation at the Siberian Chemical Enterprise, Seversk, Russia  

SciTech Connect

In this paper the implementation plans and preparations for installation of the Fissile Mass Flow Monitor (FMFM) equipment at the Siberian Chemical Enterprise (SChE), Seversk, Russia, are presented. The FMFM, developed by Oak Ridge National Laboratory, is part of the Blend Down Monitoring System (BDMS) for the U.S. Department of Energy Highly Enriched Uranium (HEU) Transparency Implementation Program. The BDMS provides confidence to the United States that the Russian nuclear facilities supplying the lower assay ({approx}4%) product low enriched uranium (PLEU) to the United States from down-blended weapon-grade HEU are meeting the nonproliferation goals of the government-to-government HEU purchase agreement signed between the Russian Federation and the United States in 1993. The first BDMS has been operational at Ural Electrochemical Integrated Plant, Novouralsk, since February 1999. The second BDMS has been operational at Electro Chemical Plant, Zelenogorsk, since March 2003. These systems are successfully providing HEU transparency data to the United States. The third BDMS was successfully installed on the HEU down-blending tee in the SChE Enrichment Plant in October 2004. The FMFM makes use of a set of thermalized {sup 252}Cf spontaneous neutron sources for modulated fission activation of the UF{sub 6} gas stream for measuring the {sup 235}U fissile mass flow rate. To do this, the FMFM measures the transport time of the fission fragments created from the fission activation process under the modulated source to the downstream detectors by detecting the delayed gamma rays from the fission fragments retained in the flow. The FMFM provides unattended nonintrusive measurements of the {sup 235}U mass flow of the UF{sub 6} gas in the blending tee legs of HEU, the LEU blend stock, and the resulting P-LEU. The FMFM also confirms that highly enriched UF{sub 6} gas identified in the HEU leg flows through the blending tee into the P-LEU leg. This report contains details of the SChE FMFM equipment characteristics as well as the technical installation requirements and the latest measurement results.

Uckan, T

2005-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

268

Tritium Activities in Russia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Plenary / Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Tritium Science and Technology Tsukuba, Japan November 12-16, 2001

Arkadiy A.Yukhimchuk

269

Lake Baikal, Russia - Springer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

certain operational loss caused by degassing during core retrieval, it is likely .... freshwater wetland soils (Inagaki et al. 2006). ... Archaea isolated from soils contaminated with oil, revealing low similarity to ... Coastal Antarctic sediment. Chloroflexi ..... Lanoil BD, Sassen R, La Duc MT, Sweet ST (2001) Bacteria and. Archaea ...

270

Should Russia Break Up  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

commands thousands of nuclear weapons and is understandablyeconomic channels, nuclear weapons in the hands of severalsuch as control of nuclear weapons, easier. Yet in other

Taagepera, Rein

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

East Coast (PADD 1) Imports from All Countries  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Import Area: East Coast (PADD 1) Midwest (PADD 2) Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) West Coast (PADD 5) Period/Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day Import Area: East Coast (PADD 1) Midwest (PADD 2) Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) West Coast (PADD 5) Period/Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day Country: All Countries Persian Gulf OPEC Algeria Angola Ecuador Iraq Kuwait Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Venezuela Non OPEC Argentina Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Barbados Belarus Belgium Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Cameroon Canada Chad Chile China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Costa Rica Croatia Cyprus Denmark Dominican Republic Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Estonia Finland France Gabon Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibralter Greece Guatemala Guinea Hong Kong Hungary India Indonesia Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liberia Lithuania Malaysia Malta Mauritania Mexico Morocco Namibia Netherlands Netherlands Antilles Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Romania Russia Senegal Singapore South Africa Spain Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Thailand Togo Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uruguay Vietnam Virgin Islands (U.S.) Yemen

272

Greenhouse gas reduction by recovery and utilization of landfill methane and CO{sub 2} technical and market feasibility study, Boului Landfill, Bucharest, Romania. Final report, September 30, 1997--September 19, 1998  

SciTech Connect

The project is a landfill gas to energy project rated at about 4 megawatts (electric) at startup, increasing to 8 megawatts over time. The project site is Boului Landfill, near Bucharest, Romania. The project improves regional air quality, reduces emission of greenhouse gases, controls and utilizes landfill methane, and supplies electric power to the local grid. The technical and economic feasibility of pre-treating Boului landfill gas with Acrion`s new landfill gas cleanup technology prior to combustion for power production us attractive. Acrion`s gas treatment provides several benefits to the currently structured electric generation project: (1) increase energy density of landfill gas from about 500 Btu/ft{sup 3} to about 750 Btu/ft{sup 3}; (2) remove contaminants from landfill gas to prolong engine life and reduce maintenance;; (3) recover carbon dioxide from landfill gas for Romanian markets; and (4) reduce emission of greenhouse gases methane and carbon dioxide. Greenhouse gas emissions reduction attributable to successful implementation of the landfill gas to electric project, with commercial liquid CO{sub 2} recovery, is estimated to be 53 million metric tons of CO{sub 2} equivalent of its 15 year life.

Cook, W.J.; Brown, W.R.; Siwajek, L. [Acrion Technologies, Inc., Cleveland, OH (United States); Sanders, W.I. [Power Management Corp., Bellevue, WA (United States); Botgros, I. [Petrodesign, SA, Bucharest (Romania)

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Russia`s production sharing law -- a foundation for progress  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Landmark legislation on production sharing agreements (PSAs) passed the Federation Council of the Russian Federation on Dec. 19, 1995, and was signed by President Boris Yeltsin on Dec. 30. This long anticipated body of law will provide the framework for completing several of the PSAs that are currently under final negotiations and begin the process of bringing new areas up for tender. While some in the industry have expressed concerns that the new law does not supply all of the necessary protections and procedures needed to attract investment, it is clear that passage of this law provides the basis for energy companies to cautiously proceed with projects that have been awaiting a legal basis. The new law, in combination with the existing Law of The Russian Federation On The Subsoil (``Underground Code``) provides for additional incentives for foreign investors to begin developing Russian oil and gas reserves. This paper reviews the history of PSA, procedural issues, and the actual protections and incentives of the PSAs.

Nelson, D.R. [Wavetech Geophysical Inc., Denver, CO (United States)

1996-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

274

Conventional Gasoline Imports from Russia  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Indonesia withdrew from OPEC in January 2009, Angola joined OPEC in January 2007, Ecuador withdrew from OPEC in January 1993 and rejoined in November ...

275

Total Net Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products into the U.S.  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Country: Total All Countries Persian Gulf OPEC Algeria Angola Ecuador Iran Iraq Kuwait Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Venezuela Non OPEC Afghanistan Albania Andora Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burma Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cayman Islands Chad Chile China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Cook Islands Costa Rica Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djbouti Dominica Dominican Republic Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Ethiopia Eritrea Estonia Fiji Finland France French Pacific Islands French Guiana Gabon Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guatemala Guinea Guyana Haiti Honduras Hong Kong Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Korea, South Kutubu Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lebanon Liberia Lithuania Macau S.A.R. Macedonia Madagascar Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Micronesia, Federated States of Midway Islands Moldova Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Namibia Nepal Netherlands Netherlands Antilles New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Papau New Guinea Paracel Islands Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Romania Russia St. Kitts and Nevis St. Lucia St. Pierre and Miquelon St. Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Senegal Serbia and Montenegro Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia Slovenia South Africa Spain Spratly Islands Sri Lanka Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Tanzania Thailand Togo Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Uganda Ukraine United Kingdom Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Vietnam Virgin Islands (British) Virgin Islands (U.S.) Yemen Yugoslavia Other Non OPEC Period-Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day

276

Total All Countries Exports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Destination: Total All Countries Afghanistan Albania Algeria Andora Angola Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahama Islands Bahrain Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burma Bermuda Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cayman Islands Chad Chile China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Costa Rica Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djbouti Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Fiji Finland France French Guiana French Pacific Islands Gabon Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guatemala Guinea Guyana Haiti Honduras Hong Kong Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Jordon Kazakhstan Kenya Korea, South Korea, North Kyrgyzstan Kutubu Kuwait Latvia Lebanon Liberia Libya Lithuania Macau S.A.R. Macedonia Madagascar Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Micronesia, Federated States of Midway Islands Moldova Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Namibia Nepal Netherlands Netherlands/Antilles New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Papau New Guinea Paracel Islands Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Romania Russia St. Kitts and Nevis St. Lucia St. Pierre and Miquelon St. Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia and Montenegro Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia Slovenia Soloman Islands South Africa Spain Spratly Islands Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Tanzania Thailand Tonga Togo Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela Vietnam Virgin Islands (British) Virgin Islands (U.S.) Yemen Yugoslavia Zambia Period-Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day

277

U.S. Imports from Romania  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

278

Romania HEU Removal | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering...

279

W. H. M. Christie 18771882 E. W. Maunder 18811887  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

producers and exporters of oil and natural gas, and offer a range of opportunities: Russia; Saudi Arabia conducted outside in all weathers. Some jobs may be offshore in remote and isolated locations. Salaries, such as wind, solar, tidal and geothermal power. Local governments, public bodies and charities are concerned

Crowther, Paul

280

Observed Vertical Distribution of Tropospheric Ozone2 During the Asian Summertime Monsoon3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

producers and exporters of oil and natural gas, and offer a range of opportunities: Russia; Saudi Arabia conducted outside in all weathers. Some jobs may be offshore in remote and isolated locations. Salaries, such as wind, solar, tidal and geothermal power. Local governments, public bodies and charities are concerned

Jones, Dylan

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "romania russia saudi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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281

Ann. Geophys., 24, 427441, 2006 www.ann-geophys.net/24/427/2006/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

producers and exporters of oil and natural gas, and offer a range of opportunities: Russia; Saudi Arabia conducted outside in all weathers. Some jobs may be offshore in remote and isolated locations. Salaries, such as wind, solar, tidal and geothermal power. Local governments, public bodies and charities are concerned

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

282

NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION The Earth Observer. November -December 2005. Volume 17, Issue 6.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

producers and exporters of oil and natural gas, and offer a range of opportunities: Russia; Saudi Arabia conducted outside in all weathers. Some jobs may be offshore in remote and isolated locations. Salaries, such as wind, solar, tidal and geothermal power. Local governments, public bodies and charities are concerned

283

Word Pro - S3  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2005 2010 0 2 4 6 8 10 3.072 0.839 0.458 0.314 0.242 Canada Mexico Russia Colombia Brazil 0.0 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 Arabia 1.557 0.837 0.299 0.287 0.286 Saudi Vene- Kuwait Iraq...

284

"International Society of Muslim Women in Science (ISMWS)" Members of ISMWS: 133  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Pakistan, 19. Palestine, 20. Russia, 21. Saudi Arabia, 22. Sudan, 23. Syria, 24. Turkey, 25. United Arab, Egypt, 43. Dr Lotfia El Nadi, Nuclear Physics and Laser Sciences, Egypt 44. Dr Magda Elbahay, Physics Imam El-Dek, Physics, Egypt, 60. Dr Samah Ahmed, Physics, Egypt, 61. Dr Samina Masood, Physics, US-Pakistan

Nahar, Sultana Nurun

285

Industry turns its attention south  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper discusses the outlook for the gas and oil industries in the Former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe. Significant foreign investment continues to elude Russia`s oil and gas industry, so the Caspian nations of Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan are picking up the slack, welcoming the flow of foreign capital to their energy projects. Separate evaluations are given for Russia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Armenia, Belarus, Georgia, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Moldova, Tajikstan, Uzbekistan, Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Serbia.

Marhefka, D. [Russian Petroleum Investor, Moscow (Russian Federation)

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Fracture Detection and Water Sweep Characterization Using Single-well Imaging, Vertical Seismic Profiling and Cross-dipole Methods in Tight and Super-k Zones, Haradh II, Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This work was conducted to help understand a premature and irregular water breakthrough which resulted from a waterflooding project in the increment II region of Haradh oilfield in Saudi Arabia using different geophysical methods. Oil wells cannot sustain the targeted oil production rates and they die much sooner than expected when water enters the wells. The study attempted to identify fracture systems and their role in the irregular water sweep. Single-well acoustic migration imaging (SWI), walkaround vertical seismic profiling (VSP) and cross-dipole shear wave measurements were used to detect anisotropy caused by fractures near and far from the borehole. The results from all the different methods were analyzed to understand the possible causes of water fingering in the field and determine the reasons for discrepancies and similarities of results of the different methods. The study was done in wells located in the area of the irregular water encroachment in Haradh II oilfield. Waterflooding was performed, where water was injected in the water injector wells drilled at the flanks of Harahd II toward the oil producer wells. Unexpected water coning was noticed in the west flank of the field. While cross-dipole and SWI measurements of a small-scale clearly identify a fracture oriented N60E in the upper tight zone of the reservoir, the VSP measurements of a large-scale showed a dominating fracture system to the NS direction in the upper highpermeability zone of the same reservoir. These results are consistent with the directions of the three main fracture sets in the field at N130E, N80E and N20E, and the direction of the maximum horizontal stress in the field varies between N50E and N90E. Results suggested that the fracture which is detected by cross-dipole at 2 to 4 ft from the borehole is the same fracture detected by SWI 65 ft away from the borehole. This fracture was described using the SWI as being 110 ft from top to bottom, having an orientation of N60E and having an angle of dip of 12° relative to the vertical borehole axis. The detected fracture is located in the tight zone of the reservoir makes a path for water to enter the well from that zone. On the Other hand, the fractures detected by the large-scale VSP measurements in the NS direction are responsible for the high-permeability in the upper zone of the reservoir.

Aljeshi, Hussain Abdulhadi A.

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

U.S. Imports from Saudi Arabia  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

288

Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Solar Radiation Atlas  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This atlas provides a record of monthly mean solar radiation generated by a Climatological Solar Radiation model, using quasi-climatological inputs of cloud cover, aerosol optical depth, precipitable water vapor, ozone, surface albedo, and atmospheric pressure.

NREL

1998-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

289

Use and analysis of new optimization techniques for decision theory and data mining  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Croatia Cyprus InsI Country 2 Romania Romania VenezuelaVenezuela Estonia Latvia Indonesia Latvia Turkey RomaniaMexico Mexico Romania Venezuela Romania Venezuela Sep Table

Moreno Centeno, Erick

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

RussiaSNL2-web.indd  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Measurement of Time Instability (Heterogeneity) Measurement of Time Instability (Heterogeneity) of Parallel Computer and Its Impact on Parallel Algorithm Scalability Principal Investigators: Robert Benner (SNL), A.M. Vargin, and Yuri Bartenev (VNIIEF) Project Description Timing instabilities diminish the effi ciency of supercomputers. Timing instabilities of inter- est include unequal central processing unit speeds, unequal memory speeds, operating system noise, and message contention on interprocessor interconnects. This project seeks to characterize these timing instabilities though a measurement program. The project will develop a parallel software program to measure and report timing instabilities on a paral- lel computer, including validation that the program's results are accurate, release of the

291

RussiaSNL2-web.indd  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Magneto-Hydrodynamic Simulation of Z- Magneto-Hydrodynamic Simulation of Z- and Z-θ Pinches at Pulsed Power Facilities at Sandia National Laboratories Principal Investigators: Heath Hanshaw (SNL) and Andrey P. Orlov (VNIIEF) Project Description Sandia has an ongoing eff ort to model and design Z-pinch radiation sources. Z-pinches achieve High Energy Density conditions, but low density kinetic eff ects and instabilities are important in their evolution. Though many elements of Z-pinch physics are not captured by fl uid approximations, a fl uid radiation magneto-hydrodynamic (RMHD) approach is the simplest and cheapest for design calculations. Approximate models are used in attempts to capture the missing physics. The Orlov group at VNIEEF is using a similar approach to model Z-pinches and explosively driven magnetic compression generators, but has made some

292

RussiaSNL2-web.indd  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Thermal Decomposition of Polymeric Materials Thermal Decomposition of Polymeric Materials Principal Investigators: Ken Erickson (SNL), Andrey Sviridov and Vladimir Sirenko (VNIIA) Project Description In March 2004, Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) and the All Russian Research Institute of Automatics (VNIIA) initiated a material-science project to study thermal decomposition of polymeric materials pertinent to weapons safety analyses and numerical modeling. The project includes tasks for both experiments (Tasks 1-3 and Task 7 subtasks) and model- ing (Tasks 4, 5, and Task 7 subtask). The initial objectives of the project were to: (1) deter- mine chemical mechanisms and kinetics controlling thermal decomposition of polymers subjected to heating rates between 5ºC/min and 10,000ºC/min and (2) develop submodels

293

RussiaLANLV3-web.indd  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

physically based mathematical models capable of predicting material physically based mathematical models capable of predicting material response to arbitrary thermomechanical loading requires, in general, an understanding of physical mechanisms at multiple length scales. However, experimental capabilities for probing atomistic length scales under dynamic conditions are extremely limited. It is the goal of this project to compensate for this shortcoming in current experimental capabilities by carrying out a suite of molecular dynamics simulations to obtain numerical approximation of microstructural changes that take place in metals because of shock wave loading, and to investigate a number of issues related to the aging of plutonium. With respect to microstructural changes that take place in metals due to shock wave

294

RussiaSNL2-web.indd  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

approach to pulsed power that eliminates Marx generators' high voltage switches, oil and water tanks of the conventional Z-pinch drivers. Sandia and the High Current...

295

Does Money Buy Happiness in Unhappy Russia?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Biswas-Diener. 2002. "Will Money Increase Subjective Well-of California, Berkeley Does Money Buy Happiness in Unhappysocrates.berkeley.edu/~bsp/ Does Money Buy Happiness in

Zavisca, Jane; Hout, Michael

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

RussiaSNL2-web.indd  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

a Platform-Independent Molecular a Platform-Independent Molecular Builder and Visualizer Principal Investigators: John Aidun (SNL) and Alexander Selezenev (VNIIEF) Project Description A Unix/Linux based, platform-independent molecular builder and visualizer (MBV) was developed as a preprocessor and postprocessor for atomistic simulations. This project drew on the substan- tial experience and accomplishment of the VNIIEF team in this area. Developments were selected, in particular, to enable atomistic simulations of crystal defects, grain boundaries, and material interfaces, which are topics of active interest at Sandia and VNIIEF and in the wider materials sci- ence and solid state physics communities. Joint research was conducted to identify how to defi ne the atomistic confi gurations of material interfaces in the geometric (unrelaxed) approximation,

297

RussiaLLNL2-web.indd  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

perform molecular dynamics simulations of the perform molecular dynamics simulations of the interaction of shocks with crystal grain boundaries, dislocations, and inclusions to investigate elastic/plastic deformation of shock-loaded copper and to elucidate the infl uence of nano-inclusions in spall. Typical simulations involve 10 7 atoms modeling a copper bicrystal. The EAM potential of Mishin was used. A set of simulations was performed with the grain boundary at fi ve diff erent angles with respect to the shock front (0, 30, 45, 65, and 90 degrees) and two diff erent pressures. The simulations with loading involved four types of short pulses: square, triangular, Gaussian, and linear rise plus fl at top. The spall simulations used randomly distributed nanoparticles (at least one near the spall plane) with a radius of 1

298

RussiaLANLV3-web.indd  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

models capable of predicting the process of detonation models capable of predicting the process of detonation of high explosives (HEs) is an area of active research. Analysis of recent experiments shows that HE decomposition occurs as the result of a complex mix of a number of fundamental decomposition mechanisms, each of which has its own domain of domination. The hot spot mechanism (heterogeneous mechanism) dominates in the pressure range from 30 kbar to 200 kbar. The homogeneous mechanism dominates at pressures > 300 kbar. In the intermediate region, 200-300 kbar, we have mixture of heterogeneous and homogeneous mechanisms. At very low pressures, P < 20 kbar, decomposition is governed by the so- called dislocation mechanism. It is necessary to emphasize that the stated values of boundary pressures - 30, 200 and 300 kbar - are qualitative and have concrete values for

299

RussiaLLNL2-web.indd  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

for solving radiation transport equations using adaptivity in energy. Because the computational cost of a transport solution is roughly proportional to the number of energy groups used, minimizing the number of groups is desirable. However, energy discretizations of the transport equation necessarily approximate both material properties (opacities) and radiation spectra, so that the solution depends on the energy discretization. In addition, the solution may be sensitive to diff erent spectral ranges in diff erent regions of the domain. Adaptive techniques have the potential to address this issue, as well as to increase the accuracy and/or decrease the cost of a solution. This study addressed the need for increased effi ciency by developing a numerical method using energy adaptivity.

300

RussiaSNL2-web.indd  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

before balancing after first balancing after second balancing 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 40 amount of processors amount of points 400000 300000 200000 100000 0 Modifi ed for the Web Scalability Assessment for Parallel Algorithms of Numerical Simulation: Gas Dynamics and Heat Conduction (Diff usion) Principal Investigators: Robert Benner (SNL) and Yuri Bartenev (VNIIEF) Project Description The scalability of 3-D solutions to gas dynamics and diff usion equations on parallel com- puters will be researched. The work is conducted within several software requirements, such as minimization of redundant computations, minimization of interprocessor commu- nications, and optimization of transfer lengths. Furthermore, there are three sources of load

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While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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301

RussiaLLNL2-web.indd  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

perform numerical quantum mechanical studies of perform numerical quantum mechanical studies of material properties of selected actinides at or near ambient pressure (~1 atmosphere) and with temperatures in the range of T = 0 K to near room temperature (T = 300 K) to better understand the nature of highly correlated electron systems. This project included a study of Np, including equilibrium geometry, total and partial density of states, magnetic moments, and diff erential with respect to energy magnetic moments. In addition, it provided comparison of the magnetic and electronic properties in the row U-Np-Pu-Am-Cm. Calculations of the total and partial density of states, and of the magnetic structure for Pu 3 Al, Pu 3 Ga and Pu 3 In were performed. In addition, the formation energies for non-spin-polarized and spin-polarized cases were evaluated.

302

RussiaSNL2-web.indd  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Extending Non-Equilibrium Molecular Dynamics Extending Non-Equilibrium Molecular Dynamics Simulation Methods Principal Investigators: John Aidun (SNL) and Genri Norman (JIHT) Project Description Novel nonequilibrium molecular dynamics (NEMD) simulation methods are being extended and applied in four areas of mutual interest to Sandia and Joint Institute for High Temperatures, Russian Academy of Sciences (JIHT RAS). NEMD is being applied to (1) understanding relaxation and equilibration in non-ideal, nondegenerate plasmas; (2) characterizing melting or cavitation of condensed matter systems that are super-heated or under hydrostatic tension; (3) devising classical interaction potentials that can represent changing bonding character as a system evolves; and (4) investigating the mechanisms of

303

RussiaLANLV3-web.indd  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Applying liner technology developed in previous LANL/VNIIEF technical eff Applying liner technology developed in previous LANL/VNIIEF technical eff orts, the objective of this project is to obtain experimental data to validate existing models of the behavior of the strength of metals and polymers at high rates-of-strain in multi- dimensional strain fi elds and to motivate the development of new, extended strength models for use in integrated codes. A series of experiments, performed on laboratory capacitor bank facilities and on VNIIEF explosive pulsed power facilities, apply perturbation growth techniques to explore strength eff ects in reference metals (and possibly polymers) at conditions of high total strain and high rate of strain in converging geometry. This eff ort provides for the conceptual and engineering design, and for the fabrication, execution,

304

RussiaSNL2-web.indd  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

During Dynamic Crack Propagation During Dynamic Crack Propagation Principal Investigators: E.P. (Tony) Chen (SNL) and Alexander Selezenev (VNIIEF) Project Description This project involves conducting molecular dynamics (MD) simulation of micro-crack propagation in materials. It will use MD simulation to study phonon generation mecha- nisms during initiation and propagation of a micro-crack; the MD simulation will be per- formed in 2-D and 3-D geometries. Initially 2-D and 3-D crystal structures will be built using parallel computers. SageMD code will be parallelized and used in MD simulations. Details of the MD simulations will be defi ned. With MD simulation, the sample will be loaded with boundary conditions specifi ed under which initially the crack extension proceeds in the direction perpendicular to the crack

305

RussiaSNL2-web.indd  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

by Laser Excitation by Laser Excitation Principal Investigators: E.P. (Tony) Chen (SNL) and Alexander Belyaev (IPME) Project Description An atomistic study of thermal transport by a concentrated energy source will be conducted, including molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. Experiments measuring the transport of heat introduced by laser excitation provide data for guiding and validating numerical results. Four tasks will be performed at the discretion of the Sandia principal investigator: * Construct structural-rheological model of a two-component solid appropriate for description of its atomic-corpuscular nature; derive boundary-value problem for a medium with a complex structure; construct nonlinear model for phonon build-up in silicon monocrystal subjected to various conditions; simulation of heat propagation

306

RussiaLANLV3-web.indd  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

models capable of predicting the behavior of materials when subjected to an arbitrary thermomechanical loading environment is an area of active research. It includes models for predicting the constitutive response of the material and the initiation and evolution of damage. Successful development of such predictive models inherently relies on experimental data obtained from laboratory tests carefully constructed to evaluate some particular thermomechanical response or mechanism. These experimental results then support the development of theoretical models, which can be implemented into a variety of numerical methods, thereby providing general-purpose predictive tools. A variety of experimental techniques will be used in support of this work (e.g., split

307

Caspian Region Oil Pipelines (U) KIEV RUSSIA  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Kashagan Tengiz Azeri Chirag Guneshli Deep Neka-Tehran 50,000 b/d (first stage) Atyrau-Samara 300,000 b/d Karachaganak-Atyrau (planned) 180,000 b/d Caspian Pipeline

308

Reformulated Gasoline Blending Components Imports from Russia  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

309

RussiaLLNL2-web.indd  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

solution, 100100 Numerical solution, 5050 Numerical solution, 2525 Modified for the Web Technical Purpose and Benefits The accurate simulation of hydrodynamic and heat...

310

RussiaLANLV3-web.indd  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

without homogenization; right-using the homogenized three-fluid model. Modified for the Web Tasks to be completed during the first year of this project include (1) implementing...

311

RussiaLLNL2-web.indd  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

the number of zones is 3500, compared to 125 zones initially. Modified for the Web The accurate simulation of hydrodynamic and heat conducting flows requires significant...

312

RussiaLANLV3-web.indd  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

RD-1a, full crack formation. VNIIEF generator and load protection. Modified for the Web The main objective of this effort is to obtain damage data in a (presumably) well...

313

RussiaLLNL2-web.indd  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

turbulent mixing layer L(t). Error bars on the measurements are shown. Modifi ed for the Web 1 4 5 2 3 t 1 2.34ms t 2 2.39ms t 3 2.44ms t 4 2.47ms X 12 X 21 L (t) 1 6 120...

314

RussiaSNL2-web.indd  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

to scale to ZR. 40mm diameter array of 240, 7.5 - m- diameter wires. Modifi ed for the Web The governing factor for this collaboration is the need to explore the impact of a...

315

RussiaLLNL2-web.indd  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

0.4 0.2 1 0 .857286 0.714571 0.571857 0.429143 0.286429 0.143714 0.001 Modified for the Web The simulation of multidimensional transport processes is an area of great interest....

316

RussiaLANLV3-web.indd  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

(VNIIEF) Radiograph showing perturbation growth. Pre-perturbed sample. Modified for the Web The perturbation growth method will be applied for the purpose of developing...

317

RussiaLLNL2-web.indd  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

system. The image on the bottom is a model of a radiation dose phantom. Modified for the Web MCGen makes it possible to create faithful radiation transport models of very...

318

RussiaSNL2-web.indd  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

be friendly to low-cost, high-performance computers, such as clusters. Modifi ed for the Web Environ- ment Com- muni- cation Note A 1 A A S A T ...

319

RussiaLANLV3-web.indd  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

generator (HEMG) that provides the seed current for the disk generator. Modified for the Web Both laboratories (LANL and VNIIEF) seek to understand the technological issues of...

320

RussiaSNL2-web.indd  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

high-current z-pinch driver. Russian Electromagnetic Pulse Generator Modifi ed for the Web Modifi ed for the Web Russian Electromagnetic Pulse Generator Collaboration between...

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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

RussiaLLNL2-web.indd  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Right: Simulated evolution of the Rayleigh-Taylor instability. Modified for the Web Several dynamic strength models have been implemented in LLNL hydrocodes, including the...

322

RussiaLANLV3-web.indd  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

and unstable liner experiments compared with 2D MHD calculations. Modifi ed for the Web Modified for the Web experiments" conducted in FY02, the results of the first two...

323

RussiaSNL2-web.indd  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

and fatigue crack growth; model grain growth in polysilicon materials under thermal treatment and creep. * Model couple interaction between crack growth, stress-assisted...

324

RussiaLANLV3-web.indd  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

study of phase transitions. With the data, we will be able to better understand the thermal eff ects produced during studies of shock-induced phase transitions. Shock...

325

RussiaLANLV3-web.indd  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

PROBE CURRENT DATA 3 Faraday records 2 Mag Probe records 120 100 80 60 40 20 0 -20 C U R R E N T 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 Modifi ed for the Web Project Description Complementing...

326

RussiaLANLV3-web.indd  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

1 2 3 4 5 6 F.F. Voronov et.al., 1960 13 F.F. Voronov et.al., 1979 4 This work T, K A.R. Kutsar, 7 This work 20 15 10 5 0 250 300 350 400 450 600 Modifi ed for the Web...

327

RussiaLLNL2-web.indd  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

65 60 55 50 45 40 35 30 0 0.05 0.1 0.1 0.08 0.06 0.04 0.02 0 r z 0.05 0 0 0.02 0.04 0.06 0.08 0.1 r z 0.68 0.66 0.64 0.62 0.6 0.1 Modifi ed for the Web Project Description The...

328

RussiaLANLV3-web.indd  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

the owner of the technology VNIIEF can either license the technology (at a substantial price) or enter into collaborative development eff orts to apply their experience by...

329

RussiaSNL2-web.indd  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

of short pulse petawatt (PW) lasers (like Z-PW at Sandia) used for creating pulsed electron, ion, or x-ray beams for inertial confi nement fusion (ICF) experimental diagnostics...

330

U.S. Imports from Russia  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

331

Does Money Buy Happiness in Unhappy Russia?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Easterlin, R. 1974. "Does Economic Growth Improve the HumanGrowing National Income does go with Greater Happiness."of California, Berkeley Does Money Buy Happiness in Unhappy

Zavisca, Jane; Hout, Michael

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Telecommunications in Russia: evolution over 20 years  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper analyses and reviews the rapid transformation of Russian telecommunications and internet operators over the past 20 years, from small town phone service suppliers, to top-10 ranking amongst global players, on its way to adopt electronic finance. ...

L-F. Pau

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Investing in Russia`s oil and gas industry: The legal and bureaucratic obstacles  

SciTech Connect

This article discusses the unusual challenges the international oil companies have as they consider investing in the oil and gas industry of the Russian Federation. Topics include the following: Russian oil and gas reserves; the Russian legislative process; law on subsurface resources; regulations on licensing procedure; draft law on oil and gas; draft law on concessions; proposed modification draft legislation; obstacles to wide scale investment.

Skelton, J.W. Jr. [Conoco, Inc., Houston, TX (United States)

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

334

Romania - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

US EIA provides data, forecasts, country analysis brief and other analyses, focusing on the energy industry including oil, natural gas and electricity.

335

ISSN 1745-9648 Electricity Reform in Romania  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The complexes were created in 2004 by integrating the brown coal mine previously belonging to the Oltenia is around 45% coal, around 45% gas, and the remaining 10% mostly black oil. More than 50% of the thermo is a classic baseload technology, and coal-fired generation, while not so inflexible as nuclear, is usually

Feigon, Brooke

336

Romania - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

OPEC Revenues Fact Sheet; World Oil Transit Chokepoints; ... A moratorium on shale gas exploration had been in place, but expired in December 2012 without being renewed.

337

Word Pro - S11.lwp  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

a a World Crude Oil Production Overview (Million Barrels per Day) World Production, 1973-2012 World Production, Monthly Selected Producers, 1973-2012 Selected Producers, Monthly 148 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review November 2013 United States 2011 2012 2013 2011 2012 2013 Non-OPEC J F MA M J J A S O N D J F MA M J J A S O N D J F MA M J J A S O N D 0 20 40 60 80 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 0 20 40 60 80 Non-OPEC World 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 0 3 6 9 12 OPEC J F MA M J J A S O N D J F MA M J J A S O N D J F MA M J J A S O N D 0 3 6 9 12 0 World United States Russia Persian Gulf Nations OPEC Saudi Arabia China Persian Gulf Nations Russia Iran China Saudi Arabia Iran Notes: * OPEC is the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries. * The Persian Gulf Nations are Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates. Production from

338

Saudi Arabia - Analysis - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

The Ministry is responsible for national planning in the area of ... These additions are a part of a broader expansion of the existing gas transmission system in ...

339

Saudi Arabia - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

3,258.16: 14,096: 118,710: 6 : 3,630.35: Net Export/Imports(-) 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0 ...

340

Renewable Energy Scenarios for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

demand, since manufacturing wind turbines is not as energy-intensive as the production of solar (silicon, etc. associated with the operation of wind turbines. Moreover, despite a number of previous 22 6.4 Other Issues 23 7. Scenarios Narratives 24 7.1 Blue Scenarios 24 7.2 Yellow Scenarios 25 7

Watson, Andrew

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While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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341

Saudi Arabia Exports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Crude oil exports are ...

342

Saudi Arabia - Analysis - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

However, natural gas production remains limited, as soaring costs of production, exploration, processing, and distribution of gas have squeezed supply.

343

Prehistoric coastal archaeology of the Farasan Islands, Saudi Arabia.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Despite being the oldest multidisciplinary archaeological discipline the study of coastal archaeology and shell mounds has received relatively little attention until recently. The recognition of… (more)

Williams, Matthew Gregory Meredith

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Saudi Arabia - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

State energy information, ... Maps. Maps by energy source and topic, includes forecast maps. Countries. Country energy information, ... Installed Capa ...

345

Saudi Arabia Net Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

346

Saudi Arabia - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Wind › Geothermal › ... India; Indonesia; Iran; Iraq; Japan; Kazakhstan; Korea, South; Kuwait; Libya; Malaysia; Mexico; Nigeria; Norway; Oman; Qatar;

347

version 25Apr11b From Saudi Arabia to Venezuela  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Blogs: 1. Global Fracking http://globalfracking.blogspot.com/ 2. Middle East and North African Oil http

O'Donnell, Tom

348

Saudi Arabia was world's largest petroleum producer and net ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Petroleum & Other Liquids. Crude oil, gasoline, heating oil, diesel, propane, and other liquids including biofuels and natural gas liquids. Natural Gas

349

Saudi Arabia - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

US EIA provides data, forecasts, country analysis brief and other analyses, focusing on the energy industry including oil, natural gas and ...

350

Saudi Arabia - Analysis - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Upgrades to a smart grid in the future would also enable the kingdom to better handle intermittent power generation from renewable sources. Notes.

351

Saudi Arabia - Analysis - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Reserves, production, prices, employ- ment and productivity, distribution ... Gas System (MGS), the domestic gas distribution ... smart grid in the ...

352

Large mining blasts from the Kursk Mining Region, Russia  

SciTech Connect

Monitoring the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) by seismic means will require identification of seismic sources at magnitude levels where industrial explosions (primarily, mining blasts) may comprise a significant fraction of the total number of events recorded, and may for some countries dominate the seismicity. Thus, data on blasting practice have both political significance for the negotiation of treaties involving seismic monitoring of nuclear tests, and operational applications in terms of establishing monitoring and inspection needs on a mine-by-mine basis. While it is generally accepted that mining explosions contribute to seismicity at lower seismic magnitudes (less than about magnitude 3.5), the rate of mining seismicity as a function of seismic magnitude is unknown for most countries outside the U.S. This results in a large uncertainty when estimating the task of discriminating nuclear explosions from chemical explosions and earthquakes, by seismic means, under a comprehensive nuclear test ban. This uncertainty directly affects estimates of seismic network enhancements required to achieve treaty verification requirements at magnitudes less than about 3.5. 24 refs., 64 figs., 11 tabs.

Leith, W. Adushkin, V.; Spivak, A.

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Russia - Analysis - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Gazprom is planning to develop the 530-million barrel ... Economic expansion contributed to an increase in ... controls most of the transmission and ...

354

US-Russia Partnership Reaches Key Milestone in Converting Russian...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

it has monitored the elimination of more than 475 metric tons (MT) of Russian highly enriched uranium (HEU) under a landmark nuclear nonproliferation program, commonly known as...

355

Power Politics: The Political Economy of Russia's Electricity Sector Liberalization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

31 2008. "Energy Liberalisation in Europe." The Economist,regional markets "Energy Liberalisation in Europe," The

Wenle, Susanne Alice

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Russia - Analysis - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Exploration and production. The bulk of the country's reserves under development and production are in the Nadym-Pur-Taz (NPT) region of upper Western Siberia.

357

Power Politics: The Political Economy of Russia's Electricity Sector Liberalization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Private Participation in the Electricity Sector World BankTelecommunications and Electricity Sectors." Governance 19,Power Struggle: Reforming the Electricity Industry." In The

Wenle, Susanne Alice

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Russia - Analysis - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Solar › Energy in Brief ... open access to other producers would allow oil companies to monetize their associated gas production rather than flare the gas.

359

Power Politics: The Political Economy of Russia's Electricity Sector Liberalization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2002 and Burgansky, "Hydro Power: Super-Profits or Super-Burgansky, Alexander. "Hydro Power: Super-Profits or Super-Alexander Burgansky, "Hydro Power: Super-Profits or Super-

Wenle, Susanne Alice

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Power Politics: The Political Economy of Russia's Electricity Sector Liberalization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ownership data and electricity tariff data to establish theuse a data set on electricity tariffs obtained from the UESat the regional level. 149 Electricity tariffs and ownership

Wenle, Susanne Alice

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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361

Russia's Soft Underbelly: The Stability of Instability in Dagestan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to the southwest, and Azerbaijan to the south. While itsbetween SOCAR, the Azerbaijan state oil company, andnotably Chechnya and Azerbaijan, as well as a reputation for

Walker, Edward W.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Russia - Analysis - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... solar, wind , geothermal ... produced under the Sakhalin II production sharing agreement ... Project partners have considered additional trains ...

363

Power Politics: The Political Economy of Russia's Electricity Sector Liberalization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sayano-Shushenskaia Hydroelectric Power Plant is Siberia’s only large power plant in which UES (and now Hydro-OGK’s)important regional power plants. 424 As with the conflict

Wenle, Susanne Alice

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Power Politics: The Political Economy of Russia's Electricity Sector Liberalization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the country’s thermal power plants: in the power generationMDM. The large thermal power plants, such as Kuzbassenergo,electric power plants and the largest and newest thermal

Wenle, Susanne Alice

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

United States, Russia Sign Agreement to Further Research and...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and facilities in a broad range of areas, including nuclear technology, nonproliferation, fundamental and applied science, energy, and environment. It will complement...

366

STATE RESEARCH CENTER OF RUSSIA INSTITUTE FOR HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-HCM lowered at Point 2 #12;28 Total quantity - 256 units Breakers are produced by URALELECTRO ( Ekaterinburg) under contract with IHEP. LHC: D.C. Circuit Breakers #12;29 Total quantity ­ 53 modules of D

367

Workers and Intelligentsia in Late Imperial Russia: Realities, Representations, Reflections  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Testimony of Ivan Orlov in Volk, ed. , vol. 2, pp. 259–61.the 1920s and 1930s. S. S. Volk, N. A. Troitskii, and M. G.kh godov XIX veka, ed. S. S. Volk, vol. 2, pp. 259, 261, and

Zelnik, Reginald E.

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Power Politics: The Political Economy of Russia's Electricity Sector Liberalization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

efficiency of natural gas fired power generation, which willefficiency of natural gas fired power generation, which will

Wenle, Susanne Alice

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Centennial black carbon turnover observed in a Russia steppe soil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a function of plant biomass and combustion, and thus arefrom incomplete combustion of fuels and biomass, has beenincomplete combustion of fossil fuels and biomass burning (

Hammes, K.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Microsoft PowerPoint - PRC - Poglyad,RIAR,Russia  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Conference * Worker in UTU or remote maintenance & repair * On-site repair or dedicated hot cell * On-site or centralized decontamination PRC floor plan 11 International...

371

Power Politics: The Political Economy of Russia's Electricity Sector Liberalization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

tariffs/ in the electric power industry; gas industry;of the region’s hydro-electric power. Unlike in Europeanshould the large hydro-electric power plants be admitted to

Wengle, Susanne Alice

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

NEW FIRE EXTINGUISHING AGENTS IN RUSSIA IN THE ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Patent 2069064), have used ammonium azide tablets pressed to the density of 1.31-1.32 s/cm3 and coated with a polymerous lacquer for protection ...

2011-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

373

Lessons Learned from Accident at Russia's Hydroelectric Plan  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

as possible. Water immediately flooded the engine and turbine rooms and caused a transformer explosion. On 23 August 2009, authorities said 69 people were found dead while 6...

374

Power Politics: The Political Economy of Russia's Electricity Sector Liberalization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sayano-Shushenskaia Hydroelectric Power Plant is Siberia’scounts some of the largest hydroelectric power plants in theofficial at Bratsk hydroelectric dam, one of the world’s

Wenle, Susanne Alice

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Russia - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

US EIA provides data, forecasts, country analysis brief and other analyses, focusing on the energy industry including oil, natural gas and electricity.

376

U.S. and Russia Sign Plutonium Disposition Agreement | National...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Plutonium Disposition Agreement | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response...

377

Power Politics: The Political Economy of Russia's Electricity Sector Liberalization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reforming the Electricity Industry." In The Dynamics ofof change: an electricity industry with private actorsReforming the Electricity Industry," in The Dynamics of

Wenle, Susanne Alice

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Russia - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

East China Sea; Eastern Mediterranean; Middle East & North Africa; South China Sea; Special Topics; Emerging East Africa Energy; OPEC Revenues Fact Sheet;

379

Power Politics: The Political Economy of Russia's Electricity Sector Liberalization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

taken from regional electricity bills. 526 Energos thatto pay for at least part of the electricity bill, many hadrealized that electricity bills could go unpaid without much

Wenle, Susanne Alice

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

NNSA Celebrates 10 Years of Cooperation with Russia in Securing...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Appoints Kim Davis Lebak to Head Los Alamos Field Office Jan 14, 2014 NNSA to Conduct Aerial Radiation Monitoring Survey over Baltimore Jan. 15-16 Jan 9, 2014 Pantex High...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "romania russia saudi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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381

Power Politics: The Political Economy of Russia's Electricity Sector Liberalization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Irkutsk, 2002 and Burgansky, "Hydro Power: Super-Profits orplant in which UES (and now Hydro-OGK’s) and the federal1999. Burgansky, Alexander. "Hydro Power: Super-Profits or

Wenle, Susanne Alice

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

oil and Gas Resources of the West Siberian Basin, Russia  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

This report was prepared by the Energy Information Administration, the independent statistical and analytical agency within the U.S. Department of Energy.

383

Russia - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Petroleum & Other Liquids. Crude oil, gasoline, heating oil, diesel, propane, and other liquids including biofuels and natural gas liquids. Natural Gas

384

oil and Gas Resources of the West Siberian Basin, Russia  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

IOIP 7758 (1 S w) Bo IGIP 7758 (1 Sw) B g VO IOIP A h 1,000,000 VG IGIP A h 1,000,000 Energy Information Administration Oil and Gas Resources of the West ...

385

US, Russia plan cooperative oil, gas leasing effort  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The USA and the Russian Federation are laying the groundwork for a simultaneous mineral lease sale in the Chukchi Sea, hoping to spur private sector exploration and development in the remote Arctic waters. This article describes both the history behind this cooperation and what information has been exchanged. The economic advantages to both countries and the general outlines of such an cooperation are discussed.

Newman, P.

1994-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

386

U.S. Natural Gas Exports to Russia  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Show Data By: Data Series Area 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Liquefied Natural Gas Volumes 1,895 0 0 0 0 0 2007-2012 Liquefied Natural Gas Prices 12.12 -- -- -- --...

387

New application of existing techniques in old fields helps Russia ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Petroleum & Other Liquids. Crude oil, gasoline, heating oil, diesel, propane, and other liquids including biofuels and natural gas liquids. Natural Gas

388

Russia's Soft Underbelly: The Stability of Instability in Dagestan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

very minor proven oil reserves in the republic. Moreover,despite the large Caspian oil and gas reserves in Kazakh and

Walker, Edward W.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

NNSA Celebrates 10 Years of Cooperation with Russia in Securing...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering...

390

Russia - Analysis - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... saw its decline rate fall to 7 percent in 2011.The use of so-called Smart Field Technologies may result ... The country's transmission grid remains mostly ...

391

Between Dada and Architecture: Marcel Janco in Zurich and Bucharest, 1916-1939  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Janco in Interwar Romania: Architect, Fine Artist, Theorist.Janco in Interwar Romania: Architect, Fine Artist, Theorist,Janco in Interwar Romania: Architect, Fine Artist, Theorist,

Avivi, Adele

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Global threat reduction initiative Russian nuclear material removal progress  

SciTech Connect

In December 1999 representatives from the United States, the Russian Federation, and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) started discussing a program to return to Russia Soviet- or Russian-supplied highly enriched uranium (HEU) fuel stored at the Russian-designed research reactors outside Russia. Trilateral discussions among the United States, Russian Federation, and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) have identified more than 20 research reactors in 17 countries that have Soviet- or Russian-supplied HEU fuel. The Global Threat Reduction Initiative's Russian Research Reactor Fuel Return Program is an important aspect of the U.S. Government's commitment to cooperate with the other nations to prevent the proliferation of nuclear weapons and weapons-usable proliferation-attractive nuclear materials. To date, 496 kilograms of Russian-origin HEU have been shipped to Russia from Serbia, Latvia, Libya, Uzbekistan, Romania, Bulgaria, Poland, Germany, and the Czech Republic. The pilot spent fuel shipment from Uzbekistan to Russia was completed in April 2006. (author)

Cummins, Kelly [DOE/NNSA (United States); Bolshinsky, Igor [INL/NNSA (United States)

2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

393

Word Pro - S11.lwp  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

. International . International Petroleum Figure 11.1a World Crude Oil Production Overview (Million Barrels per Day) World Production, 1973-2012 World Production, Monthly Selected Producers, 1973-2012 Selected Producers, Monthly 148 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review November 2013 United States 2011 2012 2013 2011 2012 2013 Non-OPEC J F MA M J J A S O N D J F MA M J J A S O N D J F MA M J J A S O N D 0 20 40 60 80 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 0 20 40 60 80 Non-OPEC World 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 0 3 6 9 12 OPEC J F MA M J J A S O N D J F MA M J J A S O N D J F MA M J J A S O N D 0 3 6 9 12 0 World United States Russia Persian Gulf Nations OPEC Saudi Arabia China Persian Gulf Nations Russia Iran China Saudi Arabia Iran Notes: * OPEC is the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries. * The Persian Gulf Nations are Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait,

394

RAW MATERIALS USED FOR THE PHOSPHATE FERTILIZER PRODUCTION IN ROMANIA -NEW RADIOMETRIC DATA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The nature of phosphate fertilizer produced by sulfuric acid attack and the nature of phosphogypsum samples used in the production of phosphoric acid and phosphogypsum are given in Table 1. Table 1. Radio

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

395

Sociomorphologies: Un itinéraire pédestre dans le centre-ville de Cluj-Napoca, Romania  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sève, B. (2010). De haut en bas. Philosophie des listes.Quelqu’un qui travaille là-bas me dit qu’avant 1989, c’étaitnation roumaine, se trouve en bas-relief sur le piédestal de

Coman, Gabriela

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

The 'Circular' Piazza : landscape and history as architectural material : Constanta, Romania  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ideas. This thesis attempts to demonstrate that architecture, conceived from human experience, is a dual process of thinking and doing, in addition to being a building or a final product, and can occur at any scale of ...

Urma, Ioana Ruxandra, 1972-

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Cofiring: technological option in Romania for promoting cleaner fossil fuels usage.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Co-firing refers to the simultaneous or alternative utilisation of two or more fuels in a combustion unit for the purpose of heat/power generation and it… (more)

Marin, Bogdan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Temporal Variation of Aerosol Optical Properties at M?gurele, Romania  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Even though much research has been conducted regarding the study of atmospheric aerosols, significant uncertainties still exist in this direction. The uncertainties are related to different physical and microphysical properties of these fine ...

Laura Mihai; Sabina Stefan

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

A Crude Threat :The Limits of an Iranian Missile Campaign against Saudi Arabian Oil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The United States and its Persian Gulf allies have been increasingly concerned with the growing size and complexity of Iran's ballistic missile programs. At a time when the United States and its allies remain locked in a ...

Itzkowitz Shifrinson, Joshua

400

Microsoft PowerPoint - Saudi Arabia 2-22-10 final for distribution...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

8 0 5 10 15 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030 2035 Natural gas plant liquids Net petroleum imports Source: Annual Energy Outlook 2010 Global economic...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "romania russia saudi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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401

Energy Expenditure and Water Flux of Ruppell's Foxes in Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

), sometimes in excess of 50 C, intense solar radiation, desiccating winds, lack of surface water for drinking

Williams, Jos. B.

402

Construction management and its application to the delivery of the Lamar Towers in Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Construction Management (CM) is becoming the delivery method of choice for constructing complicated projects. Previously, the most common method to employ was the General Contracting method, where the contractor and designer ...

Kassouf, Ronald Elie

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Societal and technical issues in the industrial development of Saudi Arabia and Egypt  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sustained industrial development in developing nations has been an impetus for economic growth and technological advancements for the past several decades, in addition to being a major contributor to poverty reduction. ...

Kundukulam, Vibin A. (Vibin Anto)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Urban dwelling environments in rapidly growing cities : case study, Unayzah, Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The study is concerned with two critical issues: a) the housing situation of middle income groups; b) the use of land in new developments. A tentative planning model for urban land development and a survey of existing ...

Alohali, Yousef Nasser

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Saudi Arabian and Japanese Support The anticipated cost of deploying and maintaining the massive American  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

essential construction and services for the troops and saved the American government millions of dollars. Army doctrine stipulates that whenever troops deploy to a foreign country, the United States an abundance of food, water, facilities, and other assets, but the United States had no management

US Army Corps of Engineers

406

U.S. Landed Costs of Saudi Arabian Light Crude Oil (Dollars ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec; 1983: W: W: W: W: W: W: W: 30.56: 30.77: 30.86: W: W: 1984: W: W: W: W: W: 30.45: W: W: W: W-- 1985: W: W----W-W ...

407

Performance of 350kW photovoltaic power system for Saudi Arabian villages after 30 months  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The installation and checkout of the 350kW PV system was completed in September 1981. Since then this system has operated satisfactorily over the past two and half years and has experienced very little downtime. The system has a rather unique capability to operate in standalone or any of several cogeneration modes. This paper presents an update of the system performance with emphasis on the photovoltaic field. Research effort being implemented for the next two years are also briefly summarized.

Koshaim, B.; Al-Sani, A.; Huraib, F.; Imamura, M.S.; Salim, A.

1984-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Solar energy controlled-environment agriculture in the United States and in Saudi Arabia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A number of greenhouse designs proposed for use in hot climates to reduce the temperature by essentially passive means are illustrated. The project plans of the SOLERAS, solar-powered, controlled-environment agriculture are outlined. The water desalination technology being evaluated is reverse osmosis. The solar collection technologies include flat-plate thermal collectors, solar ponds, photovoltaics, and wind turbines. (MHR)

Luft, W.; Froechtenigt, J.

1981-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

New software for hybrid renewable energy assessment for ten locations in Saudi Arabia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper introduces a design and optimization methodology for autonomous hybrid photovoltaic (PV)/wind/battery energy system. The main function of the proposed methodology is to determine the optimum size of each component of the energy system for the lowest cost of kWh generated and the best loss of load probability. This methodology uses the hourly wind speed

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Appendix K: Regional Definitions  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

K K Regional Definitions The six basic country groupings used in this report (Figure K1) are defined as follows: *OECD (18 percent of the 2008 world population): North America-United States, Canada, and Mexico; OECD Europe-Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxem- bourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, and the United Kingdom. OECD Asia-Japan, South Korea, Australia, and New Zealand. *Non-OECD (82 percent of the 2008 world popula- tion): - Non-OECD Europe and Eurasia (5 percent of the 2008 world population)-Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Montenegro, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovenia,

411

International Energy Outlook 1999 - Notes and Sources  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

sources.gif (4045 bytes) sources.gif (4045 bytes) [1] Turkey and Belarus are Annex I nations that have not ratified the Framework Convention on Climate Change and did not commit to quantifiable emissions targets under the Kyoto Protocol. [2] The Annex I countries under the Framework Convention on Climate Change are Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the Ukraine, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Turkey and Belarus are also considered Annex I countries, but neither has agreed to any limits on greenhouse gas emissions.

412

International Energy Outlook 2007  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

K K Regional Definitions The six basic country groupings used in this report (Figure K1) are defined as follows: *OECD (18 percent of the 2007 world population): North America-United States, Canada, and Mexico; OECD Europe-Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxem- bourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, and the United Kingdom. OECD Asia-Japan, South Korea, Australia, and New Zealand. *Non-OECD (82 percent of the 2007 world popula- tion): - Non-OECD Europe and Eurasia (5 percent of the 2007 world population)-Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Montenegro, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovenia,

413

January2005 NNSANews  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

2009 Monthly News (continued on page 2) In This Issue (continued on page 2) Last HEU Removed From Romania Days Before Presidents Meet in Russia At a recent hearing of the House Armed Services Committee, NNSA Administrator Thomas D'Agostino discussed NNSA's role in implementing the Obama Administration's landmark global nuclear security agenda. NNSA manages the largest nuclear non-proliferation program in the world. Many of those efforts will be crucial to meeting the President's goals. On President Obama's leadership on nuclear security D'Agostino said, "The President made clear, in his April speech in Prague, in Joint Statements with our Russian partners, and elsewhere, that nuclear weapons remain a fundamental issue facing the international community in the

414

OECD Input-Output Tables | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

OECD Input-Output Tables OECD Input-Output Tables Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Input-Output Tables Agency/Company /Organization: Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development Topics: Co-benefits assessment, Market analysis, Co-benefits assessment, Pathways analysis Resource Type: Dataset Website: www.oecd.org/document/3/0,3343,en_2649_34445_38071427_1_1_1_1,00.html Country: Sweden, Finland, Japan, South Korea, Argentina, Australia, China, Israel, United Kingdom, Portugal, Romania, Greece, Poland, Slovakia, Chile, India, Canada, New Zealand, United States, Denmark, Norway, Spain, Austria, Italy, Netherlands, Ireland, France, Belgium, Brazil, Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Hungary, Luxembourg, Mexico, Slovenia, South Africa, Turkey, Indonesia, Switzerland, Taiwan, Russia

415

UNFCCC-Global Map-Annex 1 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

UNFCCC-Global Map-Annex 1 UNFCCC-Global Map-Annex 1 Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Global Map-Annex 1 Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, United Nations Environment Programme Sector: Climate Topics: Baseline projection, Co-benefits assessment, GHG inventory Resource Type: Maps, Software/modeling tools User Interface: Website Website: maps.unfccc.int/di/map/ Country: Australia, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States

416

International Energy Outlook 2000 - Notes & Sources  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

To International Forecasting Home Page To International Forecasting Home Page To Annual Energy Outlook 2000 bullet1.gif (843 bytes) To Forecasting Home Page bullet1.gif (843 bytes) EIA Homepage [1] Turkey and Belarus are Annex I nations that have not ratified the Framework Convention on Climate Change and did not commit to quantifiable emissions targets under the Kyoto Protocol. [2] The Annex I countries under the Framework Convention on Climate Change are Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the Ukraine, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Turkey and Belarus are also considered Annex I countries, but neither has agreed to any limits on greenhouse gas emissions.

417

January2005 NNSANews  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2009 2009 Monthly News (continued on page 2) In This Issue (continued on page 2) Last HEU Removed From Romania Days Before Presidents Meet in Russia At a recent hearing of the House Armed Services Committee, NNSA Administrator Thomas D'Agostino discussed NNSA's role in implementing the Obama Administration's landmark global nuclear security agenda. NNSA manages the largest nuclear non-proliferation program in the world. Many of those efforts will be crucial to meeting the President's goals. On President Obama's leadership on nuclear security D'Agostino said, "The President made clear, in his April speech in Prague, in Joint Statements with our Russian partners, and elsewhere, that nuclear weapons remain a fundamental issue facing the international community in the

418

International Energy Outlook 2006  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Regional Definitions Regional Definitions The six basic country groupings used in this report (Figure J1) are defined as follows: *OECD (18 percent of the 2006 world population): North America-United States, Canada, and Mexico; OECD Europe-Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxem- bourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, and the United Kingdom. OECD Asia-Japan, South Korea, Australia, and New Zealand. *Non-OECD (82 percent of the 2006 world popula- tion): - Non-OECD Europe and Eurasia (5 percent of the 2006 world population)-Albania, Armenia, Azer- baijan, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Estonia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Serbia and Montenegro, Slovenia,

419

Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Triples in Size to 16 Members |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Nuclear Energy Partnership Triples in Size to 16 Members Nuclear Energy Partnership Triples in Size to 16 Members Global Nuclear Energy Partnership Triples in Size to 16 Members September 16, 2007 - 2:33pm Addthis Nations Sign On to International Cooperation for Safe Expansion of Nuclear Energy Worldwide VIENNA, AUSTRIA - U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman and senior international officials from 16 nations today agreed to increase international nuclear energy cooperation through the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP). China, France, Japan, Russia and the United States, who are original GNEP partners, as well as Australia, Bulgaria, Ghana, Hungary, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovenia, and Ukraine signed a "Statement of Principles", which addresses the prospects of expanding the peaceful uses of nuclear energy, including enhanced

420

Baseballs and Barrels: World Statistics Day | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Baseballs and Barrels: World Statistics Day Baseballs and Barrels: World Statistics Day Baseballs and Barrels: World Statistics Day October 20, 2010 - 1:06pm Addthis Dr. Richard Newell Dr. Richard Newell Does the American League hold more baseball World Series titles than the National League? Yes. Does Saudi Arabia produce more crude oil than Russia? No. How do I know? Statistics. The month of October not only marks the beginning of Major League Baseball's World Series and Energy Awareness Month, but also the celebration of the first ever World Statistics Day on October 20th. Statistics don't just help us answer trivia questions - they also help us make intelligent decisions. If I heat my home with natural gas, I'm probably interested in what natural gas prices are likely to be this winter. If my business manufactures solar panels, I would want to know how

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "romania russia saudi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

United States - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

‹ Countries ‹ Countries United States Glossary › FAQS › Overview / Data Analysis Briefs Countries Algeria Angola Argentina Australia Azerbaijan Brazil Canada China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Ecuador Egypt Gabon India Indonesia Iran Iraq Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kuwait Libya Malaysia Mexico Nigeria Norway Oman Qatar Russia Saudi Arabia Singapore South Africa Sudan and South Sudan Syria Thailand Turkey United Arab Emirates United Kingdom Venezuela Yemen Regional Caribbean Caspian Sea East China Sea Eastern Mediterranean Middle East & North Africa South China Sea Special Topics Emerging East Africa Energy OPEC Revenues Fact Sheet World Oil Transit Chokepoints Overview data for United States + EXPAND ALL Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day) Previous Year Latest Year History United States North America

422

New Zealand Joins International Carbon Storage Group | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

New Zealand Joins International Carbon Storage Group New Zealand Joins International Carbon Storage Group New Zealand Joins International Carbon Storage Group June 29, 2009 - 1:00pm Addthis San Francisco, CA - The Carbon Sequestration Leadership Forum (CSLF) today announced that New Zealand has become the newest member of the international carbon storage body. CSLF members approved New Zealand's bid for membership during a meeting of the Forum's Policy Group held here. With today's action, New Zealand becomes the 23rd member of CSLF. The other members of the Forum include: Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, Colombia, Denmark, European Commission, France, Germany, Greece, India, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Netherlands, Norway, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, South Korea, United Kingdom, and the United States.

423

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Countries Countries Glossary › FAQS › Overview Data Reports Analysis Briefs Countries Algeria Angola Argentina Australia Azerbaijan Brazil Canada China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Ecuador Egypt Gabon India Indonesia Iran Iraq Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kuwait Libya Malaysia Mexico Nigeria Norway Oman Qatar Russia Saudi Arabia Singapore South Africa Sudan and South Sudan Syria Thailand Turkey United Arab Emirates United Kingdom Venezuela Yemen Regional Caribbean Caspian Sea East China Sea Eastern Mediterranean Middle East & North Africa South China Sea Special Topics Emerging East Africa Energy OPEC Revenues Fact Sheet World Oil Transit Chokepoints World Regions Oil Production Oil Consumption Proved Reserves Click country for more information | Zoom Out | Zoom to: Zoom to Country: Afghanistan Albania Algeria American Samoa Angola

424

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - U.S. Energy  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Countries Countries Glossary › FAQS › Overview Data Reports Analysis Briefs Countries Algeria Angola Argentina Australia Azerbaijan Brazil Canada China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Ecuador Egypt Gabon India Indonesia Iran Iraq Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kuwait Libya Malaysia Mexico Nigeria Norway Oman Qatar Russia Saudi Arabia Singapore South Africa Sudan and South Sudan Syria Thailand Turkey United Arab Emirates United Kingdom Venezuela Yemen Regional Caribbean Caspian Sea East China Sea Eastern Mediterranean Middle East & North Africa South China Sea Special Topics Emerging East Africa Energy OPEC Revenues Fact Sheet World Oil Transit Chokepoints ERROR: Invalid Country Code The link you followed is incorrect. The administrator of this site has been notified via email. Thank you for your patience. Choose your country from the menu below; or, return to Country Profiles

425

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Countries Countries Glossary › FAQS › Overview Data Reports Analysis Briefs Countries Algeria Angola Argentina Australia Azerbaijan Brazil Canada China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Ecuador Egypt Gabon India Indonesia Iran Iraq Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kuwait Libya Malaysia Mexico Nigeria Norway Oman Qatar Russia Saudi Arabia Singapore South Africa Sudan and South Sudan Syria Thailand Turkey United Arab Emirates United Kingdom Venezuela Yemen Regional Caribbean Caspian Sea East China Sea Eastern Mediterranean Middle East & North Africa South China Sea Special Topics Emerging East Africa Energy OPEC Revenues Fact Sheet World Oil Transit Chokepoints World Regions Oil Production Oil Consumption Proved Reserves Click country for more information | Zoom Out | Zoom to: Zoom to Country: Afghanistan Albania Algeria American Samoa Angola

426

Clean Energy Producing and Exporting Countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents a theoretical discussion of policy making in the energy industry that adopt policy theories to develop strategies for better energy management. The paper aims to present the applicability of existing policies as methods of management and control of energy in its industry, underlying the importance of OPEC’s role with reference to the EU, US and the Far East. Initial findings suggest that further research is needed to help identify the necessary strategies for an international organization. OPEC is proposed as a starting point for these investigations. Further study into developing an organization to allow for international producers and consumers needs is also needed. Questions regarding the need for such an organization, with best fitting structure are being investigated. The model developed will be presented to various Natural Gas producing countries such as Iran, Iraq, Russia, and Saudi to name a few and will ultimately be set up the same way that OPEC was.

Atighetchi, K.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Types of Cabinet Durability in Central Eastern Europe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

era (Bulgaria, Hungary, Poland, Romania), while the othersinto these categories: In Poland, the first free electionHungary Latvia Lithuania Poland Romania Slovakia Slovenia

Mueller-Rommel, Ferdinand

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Architectures of the everyday in 1920s and 1930s Russia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation is an architectural history of Russian everyday life, or byt, in the first two decades after the October Revolution. In this period, the investigation and reform of byt was a project that vastly crossed ...

Vujosevic, Tijana

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Democracy and Economic Demands in Russia and Ukraine: Lessons for Democratic Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Shapiro, Ian and Alexander Wendt, 2005. “The Difference ThatShapiro, Ian and Alexander Wendt, 2005. “The Difference ThatTopper, Shapiro, and Wendt suggest that interpretivism is

Shulga, Mayia

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Energy Regulation, Roll Call Votes and Regional Resources: Evidence from Russia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Not a members of Duma’s energy policy committee. AccordingNot a members of Duma’s energy policy committee. AccordingNot a members of Duma’s energy policy committee. According

Grigoriadis, Theocharis N; Torgler, Benno

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Ties That Do Not Bind: Russia and the International Liberal Order  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

it less dependent on Russian gas, such as LNG and shale gas.in the extraction of shale gas, which is extracted fromboast large reserves of shale gas. A report by the Baker

Krickovic, Andrej

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

After the End: New Music in Russia from Perestroika to the Present  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Stalin annexed to the Azerbaijan SSR, declared the territoryStudents and Scholars at the Azerbaijan Conservatory invitedit in 1977 in Baku at the Azerbaijan State Conservatory. 106

Quillen, William

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Use of plasma fuel systems at thermal power plants in Russia, Kazakhstan, China, and Turkey  

SciTech Connect

The technology of plasma ignition of solid fuels is described, as well as its creation and development steps, the technoeconomic characteristics of plasma igniter systems, schemes of their installation in pulverized-coal boilers, and results of their application at pulverized coal-fired power plants.

Karpenko, E.I.; Karpenko, Y.E.; Messerle, V.E.; Ustimenko, A.B. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Ulan Ude (Russian Federation). Institute of Thermal Physics

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

434

Lithium elemental and isotopic disequilibrium in minerals from peridotite xenoliths from far-east Russia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lithium elemental and isotopic disequilibrium in minerals from peridotite xenoliths from far Abstract Lithium concentrations and isotopic compositions of coexisting olivine and clinopyroxene (cpx composition. Lithium concentrations in cpx from Tok (1­12 ppm) are equal to or significantly greater than

Mcdonough, William F.

435

After the End: New Music in Russia from Perestroika to the Present  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

However, in the woodwind and brass parts in mm. 152-55, heto use bars for the woodwind and brass parts for the sake ofplot unfolds, the wind and brass players take turns playing

Quillen, William

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

U.S. and Russia Sign Bratislava Accord | National Nuclear Security...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

of Defense sites, and cooperation in the areas of nuclear regulatory development, sustainability, secure transportation, Materials Protection Control and Accounting (MPC&A)...

437

U.S and Russia Develop Action Plan to Enhance Global and Bilateral...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman and Russian Federal Atomic Energy Agency (Rosatom) Director Sergey V. Kiriyenko last week submitted to U.S. President...

438

Ties That Do Not Bind: Russia and the International Liberal Order  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

China supports the development of “national champions” in key strategic industries such as renewable

Krickovic, Andrej

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

After the End: New Music in Russia from Perestroika to the Present  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

discussed as enigmatic or esoteric and thus, presumably,his works with ever-more esoteric symbols while abandoningminimalist diptych The Esoteric Dances of the Kali-Yuga [

Quillen, William

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Energy Regulation, Roll Call Votes and Regional Resources: Evidence from Russia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

12. Media policy 13. International affairs 14. Defense 15.Policy and Diplomacy, Moscow State Institute of International Relations-University (MGIMO), Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs,policy 14. Conversion and High Technologies 15. International affairs

Grigoriadis, Theocharis N; Torgler, Benno

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "romania russia saudi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

After the End: New Music in Russia from Perestroika to the Present  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

four digits represents a standard row form. These numericalesoteric ways. In a standard matrix of this row, the matrix’of these rhythmic rows from the standard table of 144 row

Quillen, William

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Alerting Humanitarians to Emergencies MOSCOW, Jan 15 (Reuters) -Russia on Thursday declined Japanese pleas to  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Japanese pleas to back Tokyo's bid to host a disputed nuclear fusion reactor as the global contest particles together as opposed to existing nuclear reactors and weapons which produce energy by splitting for the right to build the world's first such reactor, but the six members of the joint venture have so far

443

Energy Regulation, Roll Call Votes and Regional Resources: Evidence from Russia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

State Regulation of Energy Tariffs, and Gas Supply voted onCommissions had increased energy tariffs 14 percent over thetariff-setting system and the promotion of energy reform

Grigoriadis, Theocharis N; Torgler, Benno

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Energy Regulation, Roll Call Votes and Regional Resources: Evidence from Russia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and the bill on electricity tariffs. In all cases, when theMonopolies and Electricity Tariffs constitute documents ofpolitical impact on electricity tariff-setting. Taking a

Grigoriadis, Theocharis N; Torgler, Benno

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Ties That Do Not Bind: Russia and the International Liberal Order  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

which brings oil from Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan to Europeangas from Turkmenistan and Azerbaijan directly to Turkey andand Nagorno Karabakh in Azerbaijan. Russian support thwarts

Krickovic, Andrej

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

The U.S. surpassed Russia as world’s leading producer of dry ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Increased use of horizontal drilling in conjunction with hydraulic fracturing spurred natural gas supply gains.

447

Energy Regulation, Roll Call Votes and Regional Resources: Evidence from Russia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Natural Monopolies, State Regulation of Energy Tariffs, and Gasbill on oil and gas, the bill on the regulation of natural

Grigoriadis, Theocharis N; Torgler, Benno

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Simulations of a Boreal Grassland Hydrology at Valdai, Russia: PILPS Phase 2(d)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Project for the Intercomparison of Land-Surface Parameterization Schemes (PILPS) aims to improve understanding and modeling of land surface processes. PILPS phase 2(d) uses a set of meteorological and hydrological data spanning 18 yr (1966–83)...

C. Adam Schlosser; Andrew G. Slater; Alan Robock; Andrew J. Pitman; Konstantin Ya. Vinnikov; Ann Henderson-Sellers; Nina A. Speranskaya; Ken Mitchell; The PILPS 2(D) Contributors

2000-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Under U.S.-Russia Partnership, Final Shipment of Fuel Converted...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

when we work together, and we are carrying this success forward into other nonproliferation activities with each other and with our international partners." The final...

450

Inverse modeling and forecasting for the exploitation of the Pauzhetsky geothermal field, Kamchatka, Russia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for modeling fluid and heat flow in fractured porous media.phase fluid and heat flow in porous and fractured media. The

Kiryukhin, A.V.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

MEASUREMENTS OF THE CONFINEMENT LEAKTIGHTNESS AT THE KOLA NUCLEAR POWER STATION (UNIT 2) IN RUSSIA  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This is the final report on the INSP project entitled, ``Kola Confinement Leaktightness'' conducted by BNL under the authorization of Project Work Plan WBS 1.2.2.1. This project was initiated in February 1993 to assist the Russians to reduce risks associated with the continued operation of older Soviet-designed nuclear power plants, specifically the Kola VVER-440/230 Units 1 and 2, through upgrades in the confinement performance to reduce the uncontrolled leakage rate. The major technical objective of this-project was to improve the leaktightness of the Kola NPP VVER confinement boundaries, through the application of a variety of sealants to penetrations, doors and hatches, seams and surfaces, to the extent that current technology permitted. A related objective was the transfer, through training of Russian staff, of the materials application procedures to the staff of the Kola NPP. This project was part of an overall approach to minimizing uncontrolled releases from the Kola NPP VVER440/230s in the event of a serious accident, and to thereby significantly mitigate the consequences of such an accident. The US provided materials, application technology, and applications equipment for application of sealant materials, surface coatings, potting materials and gaskets, to improve the confinement leaktightness of the Kola VVER-440/23Os. The US provided for training of Russian personnel in the applications technology.

GREENE,G.A.; GUPPY,J.G.

1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

After the End: New Music in Russia from Perestroika to the Present  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Voinova, eds. Ispoved’. Edison V. Denisov. Moscow: Muzizdat,and Valeriya Tsenova. Edison Denisov. Moscow: Kompozitor,by Romela Kohanovskaya as Edison Denisov: The Russian Voice

Quillen, William

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Ties That Do Not Bind: Russia and the International Liberal Order  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

30, 2009 Sergei Zhiltsov, “SNG ugotovlena uchast sanitarnogoof petrodollars, Sergei Zhiltsov, “SNG ugotovlena uchastthan they would Lev Moskvin, SNG: Raspad ili vozrozhdenie?

Krickovic, Andrej

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Saint-Petersburg, Russia D.A. Indeitsev, V.N. Naumov, B.N. Semenov...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Thermo- Acousto-Elastic Waves in Solids of Complex Rheology September, 2009 C l i c k h e r e t o b u y A B B Y Y P D F Tran s f o r m e r 2 .0 w w w . A B B Y Y . c o m C l i c k...

455

Energy Regulation, Roll Call Votes and Regional Resources: Evidence from Russia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

between exports and imports in the oil and gas sectors andgas and electricity production but also on the trade balance (exports minus imports)

Grigoriadis, Theocharis N; Torgler, Benno

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Inverse modeling and forecasting for the exploitation of the Pauzhetsky geothermal field, Kamchatka, Russia  

SciTech Connect

A three-dimensional numerical model of the Pauzhetsky geothermal field has been developed based on a conceptual hydrogeological model of the system. It extends over a 13.6-km2 area and includes three layers: (1) a base layer with inflow; (2) a geothermal reservoir; and (3) an upper layer with discharge and recharge/infiltration areas. Using the computer program iTOUGH2 (Finsterle, 2004), the model is calibrated to a total of 13,675 calibration points, combining natural-state and 1960-2006 exploitation data. The principal model parameters identified and estimated by inverse modeling include the fracture permeability and fracture porosity of the geothermal reservoir, the initial natural upflow rate, the base-layer porosity, and the permeabilities of the infiltration zones. Heat and mass balances derived from the calibrated model helped identify the sources of the geothermal reserves in the field. With the addition of five makeup wells, simulation forecasts for the 2007-2032 period predict a sustainable average steam production of 29 kg/s, which is sufficient to maintain the generation of 6.8 MWe at the Pauzhetsky power plant.

Finsterle, Stefan; Kiryukhin, A.V.; Asaulova, N.P.; Finsterle, S.

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Activating Democracy: Political Participation and the Fate of Regime Change in Russia and Indonesia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Worden, R. L. (1992). Indonesia: A Country Study. RetrievedSuharto South Sumatra. Indonesia, 78, 93-120. Colton, T.Politics and Economics of Indonesia's Natural Resources (pp.

Lussier, Danielle Nicole

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Energy Regulation, Roll Call Votes and Regional Resources: Evidence from Russia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

06 z-Stat. Oil Gas Electricity Trade Balance Committee SMDEffect Oil Gas Electricity -5E-05 -11.495 Trade Balance -1E-and electricity production but also on the trade balance (

Grigoriadis, Theocharis N; Torgler, Benno

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Energy Regulation, Roll Call Votes and Regional Resources: Evidence from Russia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and privatization of the oil and gas sector, handled issuesthe following:i the bill on oil and gas, the bill on thewhy the Federal Laws on Oil and Gas, Natural Monopolies and

Grigoriadis, Theocharis N; Torgler, Benno

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Energy Regulation, Roll Call Votes and Regional Resources: Evidence from Russia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

over the aggregate quantity of oil, gas and electricityover the aggregate quantity of oil, gas and electricityover the quantity of national oil, gas and electricity

Grigoriadis, Theocharis N; Torgler, Benno

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "romania russia saudi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Energy Regulation, Roll Call Votes and Regional Resources: Evidence from Russia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

quantity of national oil, gas and electricity production but also on the trade balance (exports minus imports)

Grigoriadis, Theocharis N; Torgler, Benno

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Ties That Do Not Bind: Russia and the International Liberal Order  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

pp 752-767, Jeffrey E. Garten, “Japan and Germany: AmericanSpring 2008 Jeffrey E. Garten, “Japan and Germany: American

Krickovic, Andrej

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Debt swapping as a tool for economic and social stabilization in Russia's closed nuclear cities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The magnitude of Russian foreign debt, both official bilateral and commercial, compounded by collapse of the Russian economic system, is an obstacle in preventing the Russian Federation from effectively increasing the domestic priority of drawing down its nuclear weapons complex and providing a healthy, competitive environment to its nuclear cities. Debt-for-nature swaps, introduced in the early 1980s, provide debtor nations with a means of converting a portion of foreign debt into local currency, often at steep discounts, to use for purposes such as environmental protection that serve both a domestic and international need. This paper presents the debt-for-nature concept as a model for providing an infusion of funds to further U.S. and international nonproliferation objectives to help stabilize Russian closed city economic conditions through direct work on proliferation problems and remediation of the environment. A specific proposal is presented to demonstrate the utility and efficacy of the dept swap concept through initial collaboration with the city administration of Ozersk. The purpose of the proposal is to facilitate making Ozersk a safe, healthy competitive city, providing useful employment for its scientists and population and converting its superior infrastructure into productive activities.

JL Fuller; KM Leek

2000-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

464

Market study for the import of wood pellets from Russia to Finland.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Traditional fuels - oil, gas and coal - are non-renewable energy sources, thus the world is looking for alternative fuels. Bioenergy is coming with a… (more)

Ratkovskaya, Irina

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

The 2006 Russia-Ukraine Natural Gas Dispute: A mechanisms based approach.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis addresses the factors which lead the Russian government to increase natural gas prices for Ukraine in 2006. Through the use of methodological individualism,… (more)

Daley, Stephen

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Ties That Do Not Bind: Russia and the International Liberal Order  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on international relations. Nuclear weapons and growingstates is mitigated by nuclear weapons and by economicInterfax, June 7, 2011. nuclear weapons (12 percent). 72 All

Krickovic, Andrej

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Activating Democracy: Political Participation and the Fate of Regime Change in Russia and Indonesia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

from Above. In S. Fortescue (Ed. ), Russian Politics: Fromof the USSR? In S. Fortescue (Ed. ), Russian Politics: From

Lussier, Danielle Nicole

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Activating Democracy: Political Participation and the Fate of Regime Change in Russia and Indonesia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the development of alternate sources of power throughout thethat set up alternate sources of power is the key factorto establish alternate sources of power that constrained

Lussier, Danielle Nicole

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

III JOINT SYMPOSIUM OF TAIWAN-RUSSIA RESEARCH COOPERATION ON ADVANCED PROBLEMS IN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Lomonosov Moscow State University 18 time operating system. The sampling time in our control system is 1 velocity and a #12;Institute of Mechanics of Lomonosov Moscow State University 4 positive average system with two internal bodies #12;Institute of Mechanics of Lomonosov Moscow State University 6

Kaplan, Alexander

470

Price of Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Exports to Russia (Dollars...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 12.12 -- -- 2010's -- -- --...

471

Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Exports to Russia (Million Cubic Feet...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2007 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1,895 0 0 2008 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2009 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2010 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2011 0...

472

The origin of regional ecological problems within the northern Tyumen Oblast, Russia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The northwestern areas of the Western Siberia are subjected to intensive anthropogenic pressure, mainly by the oil and gas extraction industries, reindeer herding, hunting, and fishing. Localized activities, rather than regional-scale activities have led to the degradation of the natural environment on a regional scale. These processes include (1) transfer of pollutants by water and atmosphere; (2) expansion and merging of oil and gas development sites; (3) degradation of the key wildlife habitats (reproduction sites of fish, animals, birds, migration routes, etc.); and (4) more intensive use of remaining pastures and hunting areas by the indigenous population due to loss of large areas of pasture and hunting territories to the oil and gas industries. Analysis of the existing situation within northwest Siberia suggests that in the future, the situation will continue to worsen unless there is significant improvement in land-use management and technology of oil and gas industry. Degradation processes may also be exacerbated by global warming. Concurrently local changes themselves may lead to negative changes on the global scale.

Vilchek, G.E.; Bykova, O.Y. (USSR Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation))

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Exports to Russia (Million Cubic Feet...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9 2000's 1,895 0 0 2010's...

474

The U.S. surpassed Russia as world’s leading producer of dry ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Petroleum & Other Liquids. Crude oil, gasoline, heating oil, diesel, propane, and other liquids including biofuels and natural gas liquids. Natural Gas

475

Price of Liquefied U.S. Natural Gas Exports to Russia (Dollars...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 2007 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 12.12 -- -- 2008 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- 2009 -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --...

476

Building for Oil: Corporate Colonialism, Nationalism and Urban Modernity in Ahmadi, 1946-1992  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mythmaking on the Saudi Oil Frontier (Stanford: Stanfordthe Al-Sabah, and Oil, A British Academy PostdoctoralMythmaking on the Saudi Oil Frontier. Stanford, California:

Alissa, Reem IR

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Investigating science teachers' beliefs about science and science teaching.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The purposes of this quantitative, descriptive study were to investigate Saudi science teachers' beliefs about science and science teaching, and to determine how do Saudi… (more)

AL-Abdulkareem, Saleh A. M., 1965-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Oil Market Outlook  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Presented by: Guy F. Caruso, EIA AdministratorPresented to: CSIS - US Saudi Arabian Business CouncilUS - Saudi Relations and Global Energy SecurityApril 27, 2004

Information Center

2004-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

479

Use of econometrics in analysing the national educational system of Romania according to the standards of the European Union  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Defining the pre-university educational institution as fundamental unit of the national preuniversity educational system takes into account the social function of the pre-university educational institution in relation to the structures this can define ... Keywords: assembly of interaction variables, cybernetic model, econometric model, input vector, output vector, status vector

Ioan Constantin Dima; Mariana Man; Ciureu Vergil; Marius Petrescu; Laurentiu Baranga; Nicolaie N?bârjoiu

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

The influence of technological factors on cow milk production in zootechnic ecosystems from Vrancea county in Romania  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The increasing of cattle number from livestock ecosystems is a major objective in achieving feeding security of the human population. By the same time, the sustainable development of livestock is tightly linked to the protection, conservation and development ... Keywords: biotechnology, ecosystem, feeding security, holdings, management

Culai Dascalu; Alexandru T. Bogdan; Alexandru ?onea; Paul Rodian T?p?loag?; Sorin Sergiu Chelmu; Cristinel ?onea; Radu Burlacu; Ion Constantinescu; Costel Ilie; Elisabeta Claudia Dasc?lu; Stefan Nastasie; Dan Tapus

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "romania russia saudi" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Structural changes in metals under high-rate deformation ?...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Sarov, Russia Moscow Steel and Alloys Institute, Russia CEG, Gramat, France LANL, Los Alamos, NM, USA Joint U.S. - Russia Conference on Advances in Materials Science...

482

J. Phys. III1 (1991) 759-776 MAT 1991, PAGE 759 Classification  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mecanica, Termbtehnica, Polytechnic Instituie of Bucarest, Bucarest 79590, Romania (Received 5 Oclober1989

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

483

J. Phys. III France 2 (1992) 1925-1941 OCTOBER 1992, PAGE 1925 Classification  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Badescu Mecanica, Termotehnica, Polytechnic Institute of Bucarest, Bucarest 79590, Romania (Received 7

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

484

Measurements and Prediction of Particulate Number Concentrations and their Chemical Composition over Yanbu Industrial City, Saudi Arabia.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Many recent studies have highlighted the substantial health-related impacts of particle number (PMno) rather than particle mass. The aim of this study is to determine… (more)

Al-Mahmodi, Jaafar Nasheed hameed

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Sustainable Architectural Applications in the Gulf States-Post Occupancy Evaluation Case Study of Kingdom of Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study aimed at studying, analyzing, and assessing sustainability experiment in KSA through estimating buildings established and designed in many sites at the kingdom. But these buildings were analyzed from the descriptive method, in addition to extracting special standards through the users of these buildings. The opinions of the users were taken through a questionnaire for extracting the satisfaction level about the sustainable buildings in KSA. Above all, meetings with the people of specialty who designed the buildings were held and compared before and after design, together with the method of visualizing the subject. The study considered all elements and terms used in order to extract some helpful results for the decision makers, together with putting strategies and an approach for designing the sustainable buildings in the kingdom. The findings indicated that the user is affected by the sustainable measures taken in designing and construction of these buildings. Many factors affected the satisfaction level of the users including the cultural, social and economic factors.

Ali, H.; Alfalah, G.

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Oil, politics, society and the state in the middle east: Enduring authoritarianism in Iran and Saudi Arabia.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? This thesis examines the relationship between oil and the persistence of authoritarianism in the Middle East. Specifically, it analyzes and critiques the rentier state… (more)

Martorell, Benjamin E

487

International Perspective from Saudi Arabia on “Procedural Skills Training During Emergency Medicine Residency: Are We Teaching the Right Things?”  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GA. Surgical residency training program. Are changes needed?of emergency residency training programs in Turkey: after 14various aspect of EM training program was presented.

Qureshi, Nadeem

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Moarabisque: the essence of Arabia : a motion graphics piece that promotes the diverse Saudi Arabian arts and culture.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Moarabisque: The essence of Arabia is an "Arabian custom designed motion graphics series". This Series is inspired by the diverse geography, architecture, arts, and culture… (more)

Al Hamid, Wail

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

SOLERAS - Saudi University Solar Cooling Laboratories Project: University of Petroleum and Minerals. Solar cooling system. Final report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report provides details of the proposed solar cooling laboratory, including descriptions of the building and design conditions; the collector/storage subsystem; the Rankine cycle engine subsystem; instrumentation and data acquisition; and an implementation plan. Appendices of relevant data including computer programs for building load and engine system calculations and descriptions of equipment are included.

Not Available

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

From Ter-Petrosian to Kocharian: Leadership Change in Armenia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Caucasus only pushed Armenia farther into Russia’s arms. In contrast to both Azerbaijan and Georgia,

Astourian, Stephan H.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

NIST Vyacheslav Podobedov  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Troitsk, Russia. Education: Dr. of Sciences Physics and Mathematics, Ministry of Education and Science of Russia. Ph.D ...

2013-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

492

Mercantilist Development in Russia: The Legitimacy of State Power, State Identity, and the Energy Charter Regime (1990 - 2010)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NY: Cornell University Press, 1993); Wendt, Social Theory ofUniversity Press, 1995). 76 Wendt, Social Theory ofidentities is Alexander Wendt. 8 Because he has theorized

Barkanov, Boris

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

The US treasury market in August 1998: untangling the effects of Hong Kong and Russia with high frequency data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The second half of August 1998 was dominated by two events. From 14 to 28 August, the Hong Kong Monetary Authority (HKMA) intervened in the Hong Kong equity markets to prevent a speculative double play against their currency board. On 17 August...

Dungey, Mardi; Goodheart, Charles; Tambakis, Demosthenes N

494

Nuclear Energy Governance and the Politics of Social Justice: Technology, Public Goods, and Redistribution in Russia and France  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nuclear Power", IAEA Nuclear Energy Series, No. NG-G-3.1.Essentials, March 2007. OECD/Nuclear Energy Agency. "Nuclear Energy and the Kyoto Protocol" OECD/IEA Report OECD/

Grigoriadis, Theocharis N

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Nuclear Energy Governance and the Politics of Social Justice: Technology, Public Goods, and Redistribution in Russia and France  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Challenges in Energy". Energy Policy 34 (2006): 1984–1991.effective competition?" Energy Policy, Vol. 29 (2001): 755-Understanding ITER", Energy Policy, Vol. 34 Generation IV

Grigoriadis, Theocharis N

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Mercantilist Development in Russia: The Legitimacy of State Power, State Identity, and the Energy Charter Regime (1990 - 2010)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

will face price liberalisation. We must also introduce athe significance of market liberalisation and integrationobjectives were market liberalisation, a reduction in the

Barkanov, Boris

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Mercantilist Development in Russia: The Legitimacy of State Power, State Identity, and the Energy Charter Regime (1990 - 2010)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

pricing along the entire length of its gas pipelines.to “entire length of its gas pipelines” suggests that thesealong the entire length of its gas pipelines. It is natural,

Barkanov, Boris

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Mercantilist Development in Russia: The Legitimacy of State Power, State Identity, and the Energy Charter Regime (1990 - 2010)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

resources (such as peak oil), but rather had politicalsince May. With oil prices down from a peak of $147 a barrel

Barkanov, Boris

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Mercantilist Development in Russia: The Legitimacy of State Power, State Identity, and the Energy Charter Regime (1990 - 2010)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Albania and Bosnia and Herzegovina) for accession as definedcandidates (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Serbia),the Treaty include Bosnia and Herzegovina (June 14, 1995),

Barkanov, Boris

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

AFTER THE 2008 RUSSIA-GEORGIA WAR: IMPLICATIONS FOR THE WIDER CAUCASUS AND PROSPECTS FOR WESTERN INVOLVEMENT IN CONFLICT RESOLUTION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Background paper of the conference on “The Caucasus and Black Sea region: European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) and beyond”

Nona Mikhelidze; Istituto Affari Internazionali Iai; Nona Mikhelidze

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z