Sample records for roentgen equivalent man

  1. E-Print Network 3.0 - american roentgen ray Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of 62 Auditorium University of Rochester Medical Center Summary: Medal of the Society for Pediatric Radiology and a 2004 Gold Medalists of the American Roentgen Ray Source: Jacob,...

  2. Causal equivalence of frames

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henderson, Troy Lee, IV

    2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Major Subject: Mathematics August 2005 DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Texas A&M University Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of TROY LEE HENDERSON, IV by A Dissertation CAUSAL EQUIVALENCE... to the Office of Graduate Studies of TROY LEE HENDERSON, IV by A Dissertation CAUSAL EQUIVALENCE OF FRAMES iii ABSTRACT Causal Equivalence of Frames. (August 2005) Troy Lee Henderson, IV, B.S., The University of Alabama; M.A., The University of Alabama Chair...

  3. Neutron dose equivalent meter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Olsher, Richard H. (Los Alamos, NM); Hsu, Hsiao-Hua (Los Alamos, NM); Casson, William H. (Los Alamos, NM); Vasilik, Dennis G. (Los Alamos, NM); Kleck, Jeffrey H. (Menlo Park, CA); Beverding, Anthony (Foster City, CA)

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A neutron dose equivalent detector for measuring neutron dose capable of accurately responding to neutron energies according to published fluence to dose curves. The neutron dose equivalent meter has an inner sphere of polyethylene, with a middle shell overlying the inner sphere, the middle shell comprising RTV.RTM. silicone (organosiloxane) loaded with boron. An outer shell overlies the middle shell and comprises polyethylene loaded with tungsten. The neutron dose equivalent meter defines a channel through the outer shell, the middle shell, and the inner sphere for accepting a neutron counter tube. The outer shell is loaded with tungsten to provide neutron generation, increasing the neutron dose equivalent meter's response sensitivity above 8 MeV.

  4. Equivalence Principle and Clocks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Damour

    1999-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

    String theory suggests the existence of gravitational-strength scalar fields ("dilaton" and "moduli") whose couplings to matter violate the equivalence principle. This provides a new motivation for high-precision clock experiments, as well as a generic theoretical framework for analyzing their significance.

  5. Free products, Orbit Equivalence and Measure Equivalence Rigidity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Free products, Orbit Equivalence and Measure Equivalence Rigidity Aur´elien Alvarez and Damien Gaboriau February 18, 2009 Abstract We study the analogue in orbit equivalence of free product decomposition and free indecomposability for countable groups. We introduce the (orbit equivalence invariant

  6. Plutonium 239 Equivalency Calculations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wen, J

    2011-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This document provides the basis for converting actual weapons grade plutonium mass to a plutonium equivalency (PuE) mass of Plutonium 239. The conversion can be accomplished by performing calculations utilizing either: (1) Isotopic conversions factors (CF{sub isotope}), or (2) 30-year-old weapons grade conversion factor (CF{sub 30 yr}) Both of these methods are provided in this document. Material mass and isotopic data are needed to calculate PuE using the isotopic conversion factors, which will provide the actual PuE value at the time of calculation. PuE is the summation of the isotopic masses times their associated isotopic conversion factors for plutonium 239. Isotopic conversion factors are calculated by a normalized equation, relative to Plutonium 239, of specific activity (SA) and cumulated dose inhalation affects based on 50-yr committed effective dose equivalent (CEDE). The isotopic conversion factors for converting weapons grade plutonium to PuE are provided in Table-1. The unit for specific activity (SA) is curies per gram (Ci/g) and the isotopic SA values come from reference [1]. The cumulated dose inhalation effect values in units of rem/Ci are based on 50-yr committed effective dose equivalent (CEDE). A person irradiated by gamma radiation outside the body will receive a dose only during the period of irradiation. However, following an intake by inhalation, some radionuclides persist in the body and irradiate the various tissues for many years. There are three groups CEDE data representing lengths of time of 0.5 (D), 50 (W) and 500 (Y) days, which are in reference [2]. The CEDE values in the (W) group demonstrates the highest dose equivalent value; therefore they are used for the calculation.

  7. on man, nature & air pollution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Finlayson-Pitts, Barbara J

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    on man, nature & air pollution About three decades ago, itand episodes of air pollution the following summer. Wetthe increase in air pollution. This hypothesis generated

  8. Economic Man'' Dominate Social Behavior?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greer, Julia R.

    When Does `` Economic Man'' Dominate Social Behavior? Colin F. Camerer1 * and Ernst Fehr2,3 The canonical model in economics considers people to be rational and self-regarding. However, much evidence challenges this view, raising the question of when `` Economic Man'' dominates the outcome of social

  9. SAPONIFICATION EQUIVALENT OF DASAMULA TAILA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. B. Saxena

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ABSTRACT: Saponification equivalent values of Dasamula taila are very useful for the technical and analytical work. It gives the mean molecular weight of the glycerides and acids present in Dasamula Taila. Saponification equivalent values of Dasamula taila are reported in different packings.

  10. Manning building RoyalParade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sekercioglu, Y. Ahmet

    Manning building (403) MileLane RoyalParade RoyalParade Tram stop No.16Walker Street Scott building (402) Sissons building (401) 399 Royal Parade (404) 381 Royal Parade Cafeteria Cossar Hall Main of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences Building 401 G Reception G Student services G Cossar Hall G Sissons

  11. Every invertible matrix is diagonally equivalent to a matrix with distinct eigenvalues

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Chi-Kwong

    Every invertible matrix is diagonally equivalent to a matrix with distinct eigenvalues Man-Duen Choi , Zejun Huang , Chi-Kwong Li , and Nung-Sing Sze§ Abstract We show that for every invertible n?n complex matrix A there is an n?n diagonal invertible D such that AD has distinct eigenvalues. Using

  12. Rev. Marshall McLuhan, "Understanding Media: The Extension of Man"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levine, Stuart

    1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    6 4 6 American Quarterly MARSHALL MCLUHAN, Understanding Media: The Extensions of Man. vii, 3 9 5 pp . McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1964 . $ 7 . 5 0 . ANY extension of man is a medium, 4Mt according to Mr. McLuhan, 4*e~ uses media to define both... force as mystic: mystic means unified, whole, one, all parts equivalent. McLuhan says that our culture has been a print culture: linear, com partmentalized, logic-minded, analytical; it is now becoming unified, intuitive, "mythic" because of the very...

  13. Statistically Equivalent Representative Volume Elements for Unidirectional

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghosh, Somnath

    Statistically Equivalent Representative Volume Elements for Unidirectional Composite the statistically equivalent representative volume element (SERVE) are proposed for fiber-reinforced microstructures using a bilinear cohesive zone law. As introduced in the first article, a combination of statistical

  14. Technological review of deep ocean manned submersibles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vaskov, Alex Kikeri

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    James Cameron's dive to the Challenger Deep in the Deepsea Challenger in March of 2012 marked the first time man had returned to the Mariana Trench since the Bathyscaphe Trieste's 1960 dive. Currently little is known about ...

  15. Equivalence of Convex Problem Geometry and Computational ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Equivalence of Convex Problem Geometry and Computational Complexity in the Separation Oracle Model?. Robert M. Freundand Jorge Vera. January 2009.

  16. Dynamical ensembles equivalence in fluid mechanics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giovanni Gallavotti

    1996-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Dissipative Euler and Navier Stokes equations are discussed with the aim of proposing several experiments apt to test the equivalence of dynamical ensembles and the chaotic hypothesis.

  17. Snow water equivalent estimation using blackbox optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stphane Alarie

    2011-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Mar 7, 2011 ... Abstract: Accurate measurements of snow water equivalent (SWE) is an important factor in managing water resources for hydroelectric power...

  18. Remarks on statistical errors in equivalent widths

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klaus Vollmann; Thomas Eversberg

    2006-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Equivalent width measurements for rapid line variability in atomic spectral lines are degraded by increasing error bars with shorter exposure times. We derive an expression for the error of the line equivalent width $\\sigma(W_\\lambda)$ with respect to pure photon noise statistics and provide a correction value for previous calculations.

  19. Equivalence in Ventilation and Indoor Air Quality

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sherman, Max; Walker, Iain; Logue, Jennifer

    2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We ventilate buildings to provide acceptable indoor air quality (IAQ). Ventilation standards (such as American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning Enginners [ASHRAE] Standard 62) specify minimum ventilation rates without taking into account the impact of those rates on IAQ. Innovative ventilation management is often a desirable element of reducing energy consumption or improving IAQ or comfort. Variable ventilation is one innovative strategy. To use variable ventilation in a way that meets standards, it is necessary to have a method for determining equivalence in terms of either ventilation or indoor air quality. This study develops methods to calculate either equivalent ventilation or equivalent IAQ. We demonstrate that equivalent ventilation can be used as the basis for dynamic ventilation control, reducing peak load and infiltration of outdoor contaminants. We also show that equivalent IAQ could allow some contaminants to exceed current standards if other contaminants are more stringently controlled.

  20. Energy Conservation Project Evaluation by Investment Equivalents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Larson, R. J.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Using discounted cash flow techniques, a new parameter for the quick economic evaluation of energy conservation ideas is calculated. The meaning of the calculated value, an 'Investment Equivalent of Energy Saving', is: 'The maximum amount...

  1. Refining the Proof of Planar Equivalence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Armoni; M. Shifman; G. Veneziano

    2005-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We outline a full non-perturbative proof of planar (large-N) equivalence between bosonic correlators in a theory with Majorana fermions in the adjoint representation and one with Dirac fermions in the two-index (anti)symmetric representation. In a particular case (one flavor), this reduces to our previous result - planar equivalence between super-Yang--Mills theory and a non-supersymmetric ``orientifold field theory.'' The latter theory becomes one-flavor massless QCD at N=3.

  2. The segmentation problem in morphology learning Christopher D. Manning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    learning Christopher D. Manning (1998) The segmentation problem in morphology learning. In D.M.W. Powers

  3. Manly, Iowa: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429Lacey,(MonasterLowellis a town in Carroll County,ManitobaManly, Iowa: Energy

  4. Accelerating classical charges and the equivalence principle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Viktor T. Toth

    2014-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We compare the behavior of a charged particle in a gravitational field and empty space. We resolve the apparent conflict between the Lorentz-Dirac equation and Larmor's formula of radiation by noting that the former describes an electron that is itself accelerated by an electromagnetic field. If instead, a hypothetical particle is considered that is accelerated by a non-electromagnetic force, Larmor's formula is found to be consistent with the accelerating particle's equation of motion. We consider the consequences concerning the equivalence principle and find that it is indeed violated if one demands that the same electromagnetic field be present in both the gravitational and accelerating cases; however, if one allows for the external electromagnetic fields to be different, the validity of the equivalence principle is restored. In either case, the basic idea behind the equivalence principle, which leads to a geometrized theory of gravity, remains unaffected.

  5. On the equivalence of nonadiabatic fluids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    W. Barreto

    2010-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Here we show how an anisotropic fluid in the diffusion limit can be equivalent to an isotropic fluid in the streaming out limit, in spherical symmetry. For a particular equation of state this equivalence is total, from one fluid we can obtain the other and vice versa. A numerical master model is presented, based on a generic equation of state, in which only quantitative differences are displayed between both nonadiabatic fluids. From a deeper view, other difference between fluids is shown as an asymmetry that can be overcome if we consider the appropriate initial-boundary conditions. Equivalence in this context can be considered as a first order method of approximation to study dissipative fluids.

  6. Computational equivalence between quantum Turing machines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Møller, Jesper Michael

    Computational equivalence between quantum Turing machines and quantum circuit families Christian Westergaard 21st November 2005 Contents 1 The quantum Turing machine model 5 1.1 Basics of quantum Turing machines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 1.2 Projections on the quantum state space

  7. Unit Conversion Factors Quantity Equivalent Values

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ashurst, W. Robert

    Unit Conversion Factors Quantity Equivalent Values Mass 1 kg = 1000 g = 0.001 metric ton = 2·R 10.73 psia·ft3 lbmol·R 62.36 liter·torr mol·K 0.7302 ft3·atm lbmol·R Temperature Conversions: T

  8. An Introduction to Decidability of DPDA Equivalence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stirling, Colin

    University of Edinburgh email: cps@dcs.ed.ac.uk 1 Introduction The DPDA equivalence problem was posed in 1966 produced a different proof of decidability that is essentially a simplification of S´enizergues's proof [14, the tableau proof system uses conditional proof rules that involve distances between premises. Essentially

  9. An Introduction to Decidability of DPDA Equivalence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stirling, Colin

    University of Edinburgh email: cps@dcs.ed.ac.uk 1 Introduction The DPDA equivalence problem was posed in 1966 produced a di#erent proof of decidability that is essentially a simplification of S??enizergues's proof [14, the tableau proof system uses conditional proof rules that involve distances between premises. Essentially

  10. MAN Ferrostaal AG | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429Lacey,(MonasterLowell Point, Alaska:Luz IILynnM Setek Co Ltd JumpM1MAN

  11. Genius Man Announcement | GE Global Research

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-SeriesFlickr Flickr Editor'sshort version)Unveils High-Tech Superhero, GENIUS MAN

  12. Equivalency-processing parallel photonic integrated circuit EP3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Louri, Ahmed

    Equivalency-processing parallel photonic integrated circuit EP3 IC : equivalence search module present an optoelectronic module called the equivalency-processing parallel photonic integrated circuit EP3 IC that is created specifically to implement high-speed parallel equivalence searches i

  13. Einstein's Apple: His First Principle of Equivalence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Engelbert L. Schucking; Eugene J. Surowitz

    2012-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

    After a historical discussion of Einstein's 1907 principle of equivalence, a homogeneous gravitational field in Minkowski spacetime is constructed. It is pointed out that the reference frames in gravitational theory can be understood as spaces with a flat connection and torsion defined through teleparallelism. This kind of torsion was introduced by Einstein in 1928. The concept of torsion is discussed through simple examples and some historical observations.

  14. Equivalent Circuit Modeling of Hysteresis Motors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nitao, J J; Scharlemann, E T; Kirkendall, B A

    2009-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    We performed a literature review and found that many equivalent circuit models of hysteresis motors in use today are incorrect. The model by Miyairi and Kataoka (1965) is the correct one. We extended the model by transforming it to quadrature coordinates, amenable to circuit or digital simulation. 'Hunting' is an oscillatory phenomenon often observed in hysteresis motors. While several works have attempted to model the phenomenon with some partial success, we present a new complete model that predicts hunting from first principles.

  15. On the equivalence theorem for integrable systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Melikyan; E. Pereira; V. O. Rivelles

    2014-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the equivalence theorem for integrable systems using two formulations of the Alday-Arutyunov-Frolov model. We show that the S-matrix is invariant under the field transformation which reduces the non-linear Dirac brackets of one formulation into the standard commutation relations in the second formulation. We also explain how to perform the direct diagonalization of the transformed Hamiltonian by constructing the states corresponding to self-adjoint extensions.

  16. Values and the quantum conception of man

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stapp, H.P.

    1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Classical mechanics is based upon a mechanical picture of nature that is fundamentally incorrect. It has been replaced at the basic level by a radically different theory: quantum mechanics. This change entails an enormous shift in one`s basic conception of nature, one that can profoundly alter the scientific image of man himself. Self-image is the foundation of values, and the replacement of the mechanistic self-image derived from classical mechanics by one concordant with quantum mechanics may provide the foundation of a moral order better suited to today`s times, a self-image that endows human life with meaning, responsibility, and a deeper linkage to nature as a whole.

  17. AKS systems and Lepage equivalent problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Santiago Capriotti

    2011-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

    The integrable systems known as "AKS systems" admit a natural formulation in terms of a Hamiltonian picture. The Lagrangian side of these systems are far less known; a version in these terms can be found in a work of Feher et al. The purpose of these notes in to provide a novel description of AKS systems in terms of a variational problem different from the usual in mechanics. Additionally, and using techniques borrowed from an article of M. Gotay, it was possible to build the Hamiltonian side of this variational problem, allowing us to establish the equivalence with the usual approach to these integrable systems.

  18. Has the ice man arrived? Tact on the Internet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hearst, Marti

    Has the ice man arrived? Tact on the Internet Jonathan Grudin, UC Irvine and Microsoft Research. Eugene O'Neill's play The Ice Man Cometh outlines a series of calamities that occur when his characters the graded corrections via e- mail. The students produced a counter- proposal: After grading an exercise

  19. Gauge equivalence in stationary radiative transport through media ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Stability of the Gauge Equivalent Classes in Inverse. Stationary Transport. Stephen McDowall , Plamen Stefanov , and Alexandru. Tamasan.

  20. The equivalence principle in classical mechanics and quantum mechanics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Philip D. Mannheim

    2000-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

    We discuss our understanding of the equivalence principle in both classical mechanics and quantum mechanics. We show that not only does the equivalence principle hold for the trajectories of quantum particles in a background gravitational field, but also that it is only because of this that the equivalence principle is even to be expected to hold for classical particles at all.

  1. The Non-Equivalence of Empirically Equivalent Theories: The Case of Hidden Variables in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chopra, Samir

    the postulation of the existence of the neutrino by Pauli to save the conservation of energy and momentum laws? In this paper, I will take as a case study, the issue of choosing between standard quantum mechanics (also known of an empirically equivalent (at minimum) theory to OQM. In conclusion, I will argue that the thesis of notational

  2. E-Print Network 3.0 - advanced man machine Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    man machine Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: advanced man machine Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 The Bipolar Man Framework for...

  3. Race and Computation: An Existential Phenomenological Inquiry Concerning Man, Mind, and the Body

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahendran, Dilan David

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    extended mind thesis should explain the blind man's canethesis cannot be helpful in describing the phenomenon of the blindblind man's cane. Below Polanyi applies his intellectualist thesis

  4. Classification and Feature Extraction in Man and Machine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Classification and Feature Extraction in Man and Machine Dissertation zur Erlangung des Grades stimuli and for their subsequent classification. A methodology combining human psychophysics and machine learning is introduced, where feature extractors are modeled using methods from unsupervised machine

  5. Failsafe : living with man-made disaster and accident

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Higgins, Saoirse, 1966-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    "There is no progress with out progress of the catastrophe." Virilio. This thesis project proposes that technological solutions in the design of our systems are not enough to prevent 'man-made' accident. Social, organisational ...

  6. Shelterskinspeed : last bastion for the reclusive brooding man

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matelic, Paul Kevin

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The dream of the twentieth century man is disappearing into the realm of the next millennium. His world is both far -reaching and unreachable. Technological transmission has begun to collapse global distance and scale, ...

  7. Design and analysis of a Non-Pressurized Manned Submersible

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holzer, Paul (Paul Ward)

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Non-Pressurized Manned Submersibles (NPMS) have proven their utility in warfare for centuries, demonstrating an unmatched combination of simplicity and versatility in both declared conflicts and undeclared, covert operations. ...

  8. Estimating Equivalency of Explosives Through A Thermochemical Approach

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maienschein, J L

    2002-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The Cheetah thermochemical computer code provides an accurate method for estimating the TNT equivalency of any explosive, evaluated either with respect to peak pressure or the quasi-static pressure at long time in a confined volume. Cheetah calculates the detonation energy and heat of combustion for virtually any explosive (pure or formulation). Comparing the detonation energy for an explosive with that of TNT allows estimation of the TNT equivalency with respect to peak pressure, while comparison of the heat of combustion allows estimation of TNT equivalency with respect to quasi-static pressure. We discuss the methodology, present results for many explosives, and show comparisons with equivalency data from other sources.

  9. acids biologically equivalent: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    on Complexity of Computer Computations, IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center, Yorktown Heights, New York, on March 22, 1972. The equivalence problem is to determine the ......

  10. Equivalent circuit modeling of hybrid electric vehicle drive train

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Routex, Jean-Yves

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . . . . Figure 3. 4. 6: The motor shaft at no load. Figure 3. 4. 7: Bond graph for the motor shaft. . . Figure 3. 4. 8: Equivalent circuit of the motor shaft. Figure 3. 5. 1: Concrete example: the elevator Figure 3. 5. 2: Electro-mechanical model... model of the elevator. Figure 3. 5. 8: Final equivalent circuit of the elevator. Figure 4. 1. 1: Mechanical model of a shaft. Figure 4. 1. 2: Equivalent circuit of the shaft. Figure 4. 1. 3: Mechanical model of a gearbox. Figure 4. 1. 4: Equivalent...

  11. EQUIVALENCE RATIONNELLE, EQUIVALENCE NUM ERIQUE ET PRODUITS DE COURBES ELLIPTIQUES SUR UN CORPS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    d´emontrer les th´eor`emes suivants : Th´eor`eme 1 (cf. th. 1.7). L'´equivalence rationnelle est ´egale `a l'´equivalen- ce num´erique (`a coefficients rationnels) sur X. Th´eor`eme 2 (cor. 3.10). Les conjectures de Lichtenbaum [32, §7] sont vraies pour X. Th´eor`eme 3 (th. 4.5). Pour tout ouvert U de X, les

  12. Joule Equivalent of Electrical Energy by Dr. James E. Parks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tennessee, University of

    Joule Equivalent of Electrical Energy by Dr. James E. Parks Department of Physics and Astronomy 401 The objectives of this experiment are: (1) to understand the equivalence of electrical energy and heat energy, (2) to learn techniques of calorimetry, (3) to learn how to measure electrical energy, and (4) to measure

  13. *can substitute CSE 131 or equivalent and ESE 101 or equivalent Updated June 2013 Mechanical Engineering Sample Curriculum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Subramanian, Venkat

    *can substitute CSE 131 or equivalent and ESE 101 or equivalent Updated June 2013 Mechanical of Thermal Systems MEMS 412 3 Modeling Simulation and Control MEMS 4301 3 Structural Dynamics and Vibration MEMS 431 4 Intro to Circuits ESE 230 4 Engineering Ethics and Sustainability ENGR 4501 1 Engineering

  14. Forrest M. Ho#man Computational Earth Sciences Group

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoffman, Forrest M.

    Forrest M. Ho#man Computational Earth Sciences Group Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) Oak Ridge Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee (November 1993--present). Scientific Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee (July 1992-- November 1993

  15. Forrest M. Ho#man Computational Earth Sciences Group

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoffman, Forrest M.

    Forrest M. Ho#man Computational Earth Sciences Group Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) Oak Ridge Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)/UT­Battelle, LLC, MS 6016, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831-- 6016 of Oak Ridge National Laboratory's Environmental Sciences Division. Developed and modified scientific

  16. Fra superledere over polymerer til proteiner: Hvis man vil fremstille

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fra superledere over polymerer til proteiner: Hvis man vil fremstille tyndfilm af komplicerede tyndfilm af organiske materialer, som består af store og komplicerede molekyler: Polymerer, proteiner, antistoffer og DNA. Tyndfilm af polymerer er interessante i sensorer, fordi bestemte polymerer eller proteiner

  17. Andrew D Booth Britain's Other "Fourth Man" Roger G. Johnson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    . Keywords. Andrew Booth, Kathleen Booth, Norman Kitz, computer pioneer, Booth multiplier, magnetic drumAndrew D Booth ­ Britain's Other "Fourth Man" Roger G. Johnson Dept of Computer Science.johnson@bcs.org.uk Abstract. Andrew Donald Booth (1918-2009) was the leader of a team of computer pioneers at Birkbeck College

  18. Mobilizing aluminum in crustal and mantle fluids Craig E. Manning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manning, Craig

    Mobilizing aluminum in crustal and mantle fluids Craig E. Manning Department of Earth and Space December 2005 Available online 9 March 2006 Abstract Aluminum is a major rock-forming element, but its low by formation of polynuclear Na­Al­Si­O clusters and/or polymers. Aluminum should not be assumed to be immobile

  19. lung cancer smoke-free 6 One man's

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roy, Subrata

    Fighting lung cancer Living smoke-free 6 One man's mission85 #12;Cure is the newsletter for the University of Florida Shands Cancer Center, home to cancer care and research for the Southeast's most? For more information about care and services offered at the UF Shands Cancer Center, call 352

  20. A review of "The Emblem." by John Manning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    William E. Engel

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of literature as an idea and a pleasant read. It is at the same time a serious and reliable reference work, to which I expect to return from time to time. John Manning. The Emblem. London: Reaktion, 2002. ix + 398 pp. + 150 illus. $35.00. Review by WILLIAM...

  1. Design, construction and implementation of spherical tissue equivalent proportional counter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perez Nunez, Delia Josefina

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Tissue equivalent proportional counters (TEPC) are used for medical and space activities whenever a combination of high and low LET (lineal energy transfer) radiations are present. With the frequency and duration of space activities increasing...

  2. Behavioral Model Equivalence Checking for Large Analog Mixed Signal Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Amandeep

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    is solved by interfacing a sequential quadratic programming (SQP) based optimizer with commercial circuit simulation tools, such as CADENCE SPECTRE. The proposed methodology is then applied for equivalence checking of a PLL as a test case and results...

  3. On equivalence of thinning fluids used for hydraulic fracturing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Linkov, Alexander

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper aims to answer the question: if and how non-Newtonian fluids may be compared in their mechanical action when used for hydraulic fracturing? By employing the modified formulation of the PKN problem we obtain its simple analytical solutions in the cases of perfectly plastic and Newtonian fluids. Since the results for shear thinning fluids are intermediate between those for these cases, the obtained equation for the fracture length suggests a criterion of the equivalence of various shear thinning fluids for the problem of hydraulic fractures. We assume fluids equivalent in their hydrofracturing action, when at a reference time they produce fractures of the same length. The equation for the fracture length translates the equivalence in terms of the hydraulic fracture length and treatment time into the equivalence in terms of the properties of a fracturing fluid (behavior and consistency indices). Analysis shows that the influence of the consistency and behavior indices on the fracture length, particle v...

  4. Development of design tool for statically equivalent deepwater mooring systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Udoh, Ikpoto Enefiok

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    tests is the depth and spatial limitations in wave basins. It is therefore important to design and build equivalent mooring systems to ensure that the static properties (global restoring forces and global stiffness) of the prototype floater are matched...

  5. Equivalent radii of antennas with noncircular cross section

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Su, Charles Wen-Hsun

    1960-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1960 Ma]or Sub)ect: Electrical Engineering EQUIVALENT RADII OF ANTENNAS WITH NONCIRCULAR CROSS SECTION A Thesis By CHARLES WEN-HSUN SU Approved as to style and content by: (C airman of Conunittee) (Head of Department...EQUIVALENT RADII OF ANTENNAS WITH NONCIRCULAR CROSS SECTION A Thesis By CHARLES WEN-HSUN SU Submitted to the Graduate School of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree...

  6. RIS-M-2313 THE METHODOLOGY OF MAN-MACHINE SYSTEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to a quantitative approach, rather than antithetical to it. INIS Descriptors; MAN-MACHINE SYSTEMS; NUCLEAR POWER

  7. Equivalent Neutrinos, Light WIMPs, and the Chimera of Dark Radiation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gary Steigman

    2013-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

    According to conventional wisdom, in the standard model (SM) of particle physics and cosmology the effective number of neutrinos is Neff=3 (more precisely, 3.046). In extensions of the standard model allowing for the presence of DeltaNnu equivalent neutrinos (or dark radiation), Neff is generally >3. The canonical results are reconsidered here, revealing that a measurement of Neff>3 can be consistent with DeltaNnu=0 (dark radiation without dark radiation). Conversely, a measurement consistent with Neff=3 is not inconsistent with the presence of dark radiation (DeltaNnu>0). In particular, if there is a light WIMP that annihilates to photons after the SM neutrinos have decoupled, the photons are heated beyond their usual heating from e+- annihilation, reducing the late time ratio of neutrino and photon temperatures (and number densities), leading to Neff3 even in the absence of equivalent neutrinos or dark radiation. A measurement of Neff>3 is thus no guarantee of the presence of equivalent neutrinos or dark radiation. In the presence of light WIMPs and/or equivalent neutrinos there are degeneracies among the light WIMP mass and its nature (fermion or boson, as well as its couplings to neutrinos or photons), the number and nature (fermion or boson) of the equivalent neutrinos, and their decoupling temperature (the strength of their interactions with the SM particles). There's more to a measurement of Neff than meets the eye.

  8. Containment, Equivalence and Coreness from CSP to QCSP and beyond

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Madelaine, Florent

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The constraint satisfaction problem (CSP) and its quantified extensions, whether without (QCSP) or with disjunction (QCSP_or), correspond naturally to the model checking problem for three increasingly stronger fragments of positive first-order logic. Their complexity is often studied when parameterised by a fixed model, the so-called template. It is a natural question to ask when two templates are equivalent, or more generally when one "contain" another, in the sense that a satisfied instance of the first will be necessarily satisfied in the second. One can also ask for a smallest possible equivalent template: this is known as the core for CSP. We recall and extend previous results on containment, equivalence and "coreness" for QCSP_or before initiating a preliminary study of cores for QCSP which we characterise for certain structures and which turns out to be more elusive.

  9. Equivalence of History and Generator Epsilon-Machines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicholas F. Travers; James P. Crutchfield

    2012-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Epsilon-machines are minimal, unifilar presentations of stationary stochastic processes. They were originally defined in the history machine sense, as hidden Markov models whose states are the equivalence classes of infinite pasts with the same probability distribution over futures. In analyzing synchronization, though, an alternative generator definition was given: unifilar, edge-emitting hidden Markov models with probabilistically distinct states. The key difference is that history epsilon-machines are defined by a process, whereas generator epsilon-machines define a process. We show here that these two definitions are equivalent in the finite-state case.

  10. Control of Nondeterministic Discrete Event Systems for Bisimulation Equivalence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kumar, Ratnesh

    a certain finite state space, namely the power set of Cartesian product of system and specification state.jiang@gm.com). Nondeterminism in plant model can arise from unmodeled dynamics or abstraction. A nondeterministic plant can have], ready-trace [4], simulation and bisimulation equivalences [29]. Also, the supervisors can

  11. Easier way to calculate E fields Equivalent to Coulomb's law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertulani, Carlos A. - Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas A&M University

    lines enter as leave closed surface the net is zero = ·= dAE AdE cos rr #12;Flux Calculate fluxGauss' Law Easier way to calculate E fields ­ Gauss' Law Equivalent to Coulomb's law Use ·= AE rr Let A become small so flux becomes integral over Gaussian surface Flux is proportional to net

  12. Equivalence Checking for Function Pipelining in Behavioral Synthesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xie, Fei

    on subtle design invariants. Function pipelining (a.k.a. system-level pipelining) is an important, correct-by-construction abstraction of function pipeline; thus, instead of developing pipelineEquivalence Checking for Function Pipelining in Behavioral Synthesis Kecheng Hao, Sandip Ray

  13. AN ELECTRONIC EQUIVALENT SCHEME OF A JOSEPHSON JUNCTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    AN ELECTRONIC EQUIVALENT SCHEME OF A JOSEPHSON JUNCTION C. K. BAK Physics Laboratory I. A lot of phenomena observed in Josephson junctions are easily identified in the « equi- valent circuit ~. The lock range Ji corresponds to the supercurrent in a Josephson junction. The loop gain A(co) can

  14. New Blind Signatures Equivalent to Factorization (Extended Abstract)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pointcheval, David

    New Blind Signatures Equivalent to Factorization (Extended Abstract) David Pointcheval Jacques Stern Abstract In this paper, we present new blind signature schemes based on the factorization problem. They are the first blind sig- nature schemes proved secure relatively to factorization. By security, we mean

  15. On the Equivalence of Constraint Satisfaction Francesca Rossi1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    their information content is essentially identical. In other words, it is only the information content of a CSP was visiting MCC. #12;Abstract A solution of a Constraint Satisfaction Problem (CSP) is an assignment of values notion of equivalence. Two di erent algorithms, currently used for transforming any non-binary CSP

  16. An ideal independent source as an equivalent 1-port

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Emanuel Gluskin; Anatoly Patlakh

    2011-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider a 1-port, not necessarily linear, with a dependent source, appearing at the port. The control of the source is entirely internal for the 1-port. If this source is a parallel voltage source, then the equivalent circuit is an ideal independent voltage source, and if it is a series current source, then the equivalent circuit is an ideal independent current source. (As usual, "ideal" source is defined as a source whose proposed function is independent of the load.) In the simple LTI case, these results can be obtained, respectively, by either taking RTh zero in the Thevenin equivalent, or taking RN infinite in the Norton equivalent; however the very fact that the final circuits do not include any linear elements indicates the possibility of generalization to nonlinear 1-ports. Some limitations on the circuit's structure (functional dependencies in it) are required, and the clearness of these limitations, i.e. clearness of the conditions for the 1-port to be an ideal source for any load, is the aesthetical point.

  17. Bac-Man Laguna Geothermal Area | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160 EastMaine: EnergyAustin Energy Place:Guidance DocumentsOperationsBSSTBabetteBac-Man

  18. Derivation of Equivalent Continuous Dilution for Cyclic, Unsteady Driving Forces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory; Technical University of Denmark, Department of Civil Engineering; Mortensen, Dorthe K.; Walker, Iain S.; Sherman, Max H.

    2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This article uses an analytical approach to determine the dilution of an unsteadily-generated solute in an unsteady solvent stream, under cyclic temporal boundary conditions. The goal is to find a simplified way of showing equivalence of such a process to a reference case where equivalent dilution is defined as a weighted average concentration. This derivation has direct applications to the ventilation of indoor spaces where indoor air quality and energy consumption cannot in general be simultaneously optimized. By solving the equation we can specify how much air we need to use in one ventilation pattern compared to another to obtain same indoor air quality. Because energy consumption is related to the amount of air exchanged by a ventilation system, the equation can be used as a first step to evaluate different ventilation patterns effect on the energy consumption. The use of the derived equation is demonstrated by representative cases of interest in both residential and non-residential buildings.

  19. Energy conservation and equivalence principle in General Relativity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michael B. Mensky

    2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The generalized Stokes theorem (connecting integrals of dimensions 3 and 4) is formulated in a curved space-time in terms of paths in Minkowski space (forming Path Group). A covariant integral form of the conservation law for the energy-momentum of matter is then derived in General Relativity. It extends Einstein's equivalence principle on the energy conservation, since it formulates the conservation law for the energy-momentum of matter without explicit including the gravitational field in the formulation.

  20. Equivalence of topological and scattering approaches to quantum pumping

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. Braeunlich; G. M. Graf; G. Ortelli

    2009-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

    The Schroedinger equation with a potential periodically varying in time is used to model adiabatic quantum pumps. The systems considered may be either infinitely extended and gapped or finite and connected to gapless leads. Correspondingly, two descriptions of the transported charge, one relating to a Chern number and the other to a scattering matrix, have been available for some time. Here we generalize the first one and establish its equivalence to the second.

  1. Equivalent Neutrinos, Light WIMPs, and the Chimera of Dark Radiation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steigman, Gary

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    According to conventional wisdom, in the standard model (SM) of particle physics and cosmology the effective number of neutrinos is Neff=3 (more precisely, 3.046). In extensions of the standard model allowing for the presence of DeltaNnu equivalent neutrinos (or dark radiation), Neff is generally >3. The canonical results are reconsidered here, revealing that a measurement of Neff>3 can be consistent with DeltaNnu=0 (dark radiation without dark radiation). Conversely, a measurement consistent with Neff=3 is not inconsistent with the presence of dark radiation (DeltaNnu>0). In particular, if there is a light WIMP that annihilates to photons after the SM neutrinos have decoupled, the photons are heated beyond their usual heating from e+- annihilation, reducing the late time ratio of neutrino and photon temperatures (and number densities), leading to Neff3 even in the absence of equivalent neutrinos or dark radiation. A measurement of Neff>3 is thus no guarantee of the presence of equivalent neutrinos or dark ra...

  2. Mark Twain's despair: a comparison of the deterministic ideas of the Old Man in What is man: And Satan in The mysterious stranger.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hord, Larry Dean

    1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Mouthpieces of Mark Twain's Philosophy: The Direct Versus the Artistic Expression of Mark Twain's Determinism CHAPTER V Interpreting the Inconsistencies Found in What Is Man 7 d Tt ~Mt ' ~dt CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION: THE DEPTH OF MARK TWAIN'S DESPAIR A...T'S~t' edited by Bernard DeVoto (Nevr York, 1940), second edition, pp, xx-xxi 3Edwai'd Wagenknecht, Mark Twain: The Man and His Works (New Haven, 1935), p. 140. The author was thus forced to love manfs good qualities and hate man's despicable traits...

  3. Y-12 Construction hits one million man-hour mark without a lost...

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Construction hits one million man-hour mark without a lost-time accident | National Nuclear Security Administration Facebook Twitter Youtube Flickr RSS People Mission Managing the...

  4. Composite system in noncommutative space and the equivalence principle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kh. P. Gnatenko

    2014-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The motion of a composite system made of N particles is examined in a space with a canonical noncommutative algebra of coordinates. It is found that the coordinates of the center-of-mass position satisfy noncommutative algebra with effective parameter. Therefore, the upper bound of the parameter of noncommutativity is re-examined. We conclude that the weak equivalence principle is violated in the case of a non-uniform gravitational field and propose the condition for the recovery of this principle in noncommutative space. Furthermore, the same condition is derived from the independence of kinetic energy on the composition.

  5. Reachability Calculations for Vehicle Safety during Manned/Unmanned Vehicle Interaction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sastry, S. Shankar

    Reachability Calculations for Vehicle Safety during Manned/Unmanned Vehicle Interaction Jerry Ding by unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) under supervision of human operators, with applications to safety for refining or designing protocols for multi-UAV and/or manned vehicle interaction. The mathematical

  6. Using Photorealistic RenderManTM High-Quality Direct Volume Rendering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bailey, Mike

    1 Using Photorealistic RenderManTM for High-Quality Direct Volume Rendering Cyrus Jam Mike Bailey With the success of Pixar's recent feature films, everyone knows RenderMan to be the leading photorealistic renderer for animation and entertainment. What most people don't know is that it can also be used quite

  7. Equivalent Continuum Modeling for Shock Wave Propagation in Jointed Media

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vorobiev, O; Antoun, T

    2009-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

    This study presents discrete and continuum simulations of shock wave propagating through jointed media. The simulations were performed using the Lagrangian hydrocode GEODYN-L with joints treated explicitly using an advanced contact algorithm. They studied both isotropic and anisotropic joint representations. For an isotropically jointed geologic medium, the results show that the properties of the joints can be combined with the properties of the intact rock to develop an equivalent continuum model suitable for analyzing wave propagation through the jointed medium. For an anisotropically jointed geologic medium, they found it difficult to develop an equivalent continuum (EC) model that matches the response derived from mesoscopic simulation. They also performed simulations of wave propagation through jointed media. Two appraoches are suggested for modeling the rock mass. In one approach, jointed are modeled explicitly in a Lagrangian framework with appropriate contact algorithms used to track motion along the interfaces. In the other approach, the effect of joints is taken into account using a constitutive model derived from mesoscopic simulations.

  8. A Common View on Strong, Uniform, and Other Notions of Equivalence in Answer-Set Programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woltran, Stefan

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Logic programming under the answer-set semantics nowadays deals with numerous different notions of program equivalence. This is due to the fact that equivalence for substitution (known as strong equivalence) and ordinary equivalence are different concepts. The former holds, given programs P and Q, iff P can be faithfully replaced by Q within any context R, while the latter holds iff P and Q provide the same output, that is, they have the same answer sets. Notions in between strong and ordinary equivalence have been introduced as theoretical tools to compare incomplete programs and are defined by either restricting the syntactic structure of the considered context programs R or by bounding the set A of atoms allowed to occur in R (relativized equivalence).For the latter approach, different A yield properly different equivalence notions, in general. For the former approach, however, it turned out that any ``reasonable'' syntactic restriction to R coincides with either ordinary, strong, or uniform equivalence. I...

  9. Environmental Assessment Low Energy Accelerator Laboratory

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    to produce the same biological effect as one roentgen of high-penetration x-ray; unit of dose equivalent for a single individual, used in the field of radiation dosimetry Resource...

  10. Using hydraulic equivalences to discriminate transport processes1 of volcanic flows1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    G21942 Using hydraulic equivalences to discriminate transport processes1 of volcanic flows1 2 Alain of hydraulic equivalence, we determined that deposits resulted from a combination of suspended-12 load fallout between transport mechanisms, hydraulic18 equivalences have a general applicability in geophysical flows

  11. Geodesic equivalence via integrability Peter Topalov y and Vladimir S. Matveev z

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matveev, Vladimir S.

    Geodesic equivalence via integrability Peter Topalov #3;y and Vladimir S. Matveev z Keywords: Geodesically Equivalent Metrics, Projectively Equivalent Metrics, Integrable Systems, Levi-Civita Coordinates an orbital di#11;eomorphism be- tween two Hamiltonian systems, produces integrals of them. We treat geodesic

  12. Adjoint-based method for supersonic aircraft design using equivalent area distributions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alonso, Juan J.

    Adjoint-based method for supersonic aircraft design using equivalent area distributions Francisco for the design of supersonic aircraft that must match a target equivalent area distribution at constant lift of an adjoint solver for the equivalent area distribution, and the shape design process of a trijet supersonic

  13. On the equivalence of state transformer semantics and predicate transformer semantics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keimel, Klaus

    On the equivalence of state transformer semantics and predicate transformer semantics Dedicated and the author [13] have worked out the equivalence between state transformer semantics and predicate transformer the last section, where the equivalence of predicate and state transformer semantics is finally put

  14. The Standard Model in Noncommutative Geometry and Morita equivalence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Francesco D'Andrea; Ludwik Dabrowski

    2014-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    We discuss some properties of the spectral triple $(A_F,H_F,D_F,J_F,\\gamma_F)$ describing the internal space in the noncommutative geometry approach to the Standard Model, with $A_F=\\mathbb{C}\\oplus\\mathbb{H}\\oplus M_3(\\mathbb{C})$. We show that, if we want $H_F$ to be a Morita equivalence bimodule between $A_F$ and the associated Clifford algebra, two terms must be added to the Dirac operator; we then study its relation with the orientability condition for a spectral triple. We also illustrate what changes if one considers a spectral triple with a degenerate representation, based on the complex algebra $B_F=\\mathbb{C}\\oplus M_2(\\mathbb{C})\\oplus M_3(\\mathbb{C})$.

  15. Total effective dose equivalent associated with fixed uranium surface contamination

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bogard, J.S.; Hamm, R.N.; Ashley, J.C.; Turner, J.E.; England, C.A.; Swenson, D.E.; Brown, K.S.

    1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report provides the technical basis for establishing a uranium fixed-contamination action level, a fixed uranium surface contamination level exceeding the total radioactivity values of Appendix D of Title 10, Code of Federal Regulations, part 835 (10CFR835), but below which the monitoring, posting, and control requirements for Radiological Areas are not required for the area of the contamination. An area of fixed uranium contamination between 1,000 dpm/100 cm{sup 2} and that level corresponding to an annual total effective dose equivalent (TEDE) of 100 mrem requires only routine monitoring, posting to alert personnel of the contamination, and administrative control. The more extensive requirements for monitoring, posting, and control designated by 10CFR835 for Radiological Areas do not have to be applied for these intermediate fixed-contamination levels.

  16. On the Equivalence Principle and Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trzetrzelewski, Maciej

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Consider an observer surrounded by a charged, conducting elevator (assume that the charge is isolated from the observer). In the presence of the external electric field the elevator will accelerate however, due to the screening effect, the observer will not be able to detect any electromagnetic field. According to the equivalence principle, the observer may identify the cause of the acceleration with the external gravitational field. However the elevator's motion is given by Lorentz-force equation. Therefore there should exist a metric, depending on electromagnetic potential, for which the geodesics coincide with the trajectories of the charged body in the electromagnetic field. We give a solution to this problem by finding such metric. In doing so one must impose a constraint on the electromagnetic field in a certain way. That constraint turns out to be achievable by marginal gauge transformations whose phase is closely related to the Hamilton-Jacobi function. Finally we show that for weak fields the Einstei...

  17. Galilei covariance and Einstein's equivalence principle in quantum reference frames

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. T. Pereira; R. M. Angelo

    2014-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The covariance of the Schr\\"odinger equation under Galilei boosts and the compatibility of nonrelativistic quantum mechanics with Einstein's equivalence principle have been constrained for so long to the existence of a superselection rule which would prevent a quantum particle to be found in superposition states of different masses. In a effort to avoid this expedient, thus allowing for nonrelativistic quantum mechanics to account for unstable particles, recent works have suggested that usual Galilean transformations are inconsistent with the nonrelativistic limit of the Lorentz transformation. Here we approach the issue in a fundamentally different way. Using a formalism of unitary transformations and employing quantum reference frames rather than immaterial coordinate systems, we show that the Schr\\"odinger equation, although form-variant, is fully compatible with the aforementioned principles of relativity.

  18. CaveMan Enterprise version 1.0 Software Validation and Verification.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hart, David

    2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The U.S. Department of Energy Strategic Petroleum Reserve stores crude oil in caverns solution-mined in salt domes along the Gulf Coast of Louisiana and Texas. The CaveMan software program has been used since the late 1990s as one tool to analyze pressure mea- surements monitored at each cavern. The purpose of this monitoring is to catch potential cavern integrity issues as soon as possible. The CaveMan software was written in Microsoft Visual Basic, and embedded in a Microsoft Excel workbook; this method of running the CaveMan software is no longer sustainable. As such, a new version called CaveMan Enter- prise has been developed. CaveMan Enterprise version 1.0 does not have any changes to the CaveMan numerical models. CaveMan Enterprise represents, instead, a change from desktop-managed work- books to an enterprise framework, moving data management into coordinated databases and porting the numerical modeling codes into the Python programming language. This document provides a report of the code validation and verification testing.

  19. The impact of equivalence ratio oscillations on combustion dynamics in a backward-facing step combustor

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Murat Altay, H.; Speth, Raymond L.; Hudgins, Duane E.; Ghoniem, Ahmed F. [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States)

    2009-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The combustion dynamics of propane-air flames are investigated in an atmospheric pressure, atmospheric inlet temperature, lean, premixed backward-facing step combustor. We modify the location of the fuel injector to examine the impact of equivalence ratio oscillations arriving at the flame on the combustion dynamics. Simultaneous pressure, velocity, heat-release rate and equivalence ratio measurements and high-speed video from the experiments are used to identify and characterize several distinct operating modes. When the fuel is injected far upstream from the step, the equivalence ratio arriving at the flame is steady and the combustion dynamics are controlled only by flame-vortex interactions. In this case, different dynamic regimes are observed depending on the operating parameters. When the fuel is injected close to the step, the equivalence ratio arriving at the flame exhibits oscillations. In the presence of equivalence ratio oscillations, the measured sound pressure level is significant across the entire range of lean mean equivalence ratios even if the equivalence ratio oscillations arriving at the flame are out-of-phase with the pressure oscillations. The combustion dynamics are governed primarily by the flame-vortex interactions, while the equivalence ratio oscillations have secondary effects. The equivalence ratio oscillations could generate variations in the combustion dynamics in each cycle under some operating conditions, destabilize the flame at the entire range of the lean equivalence ratios, and increase the value of the mean equivalence ratio at the lean blowout limit. (author)

  20. Bridging across Nicosia's divide : from a "no man's land" to a shared public realm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Papanastasiou, Chloe

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis addresses the issue of creating a new urban identify for Nicosia, Cyprus, by rebuilding the Buffer Zone -the "no man's land" that presently divides the city- in a way that encourages the sharing of the urban ...

  1. Optimal Supply Angle of Upside Air Supply in Manned Spacecraft Cabin-Based Air Age

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liang, Z.; Zhang, J.; Lu, Y.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The age of air in the workaround of a manned spacecraft cabin that contain astronauts, apparatus and simple living establishments was numerically simulated by use of commercial software and a standard k-e turbulence model. An air inlet installed...

  2. Radiation Dosimetry and Biodistribution in Monkey and Man of 11C-PBR28: A PET

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Jun

    Radiation Dosimetry and Biodistribution in Monkey and Man of 11C-PBR28: A PET Radioligand to Image, Vanderbilt University Medical Center Nashville, Nashville, Tennessee; and 3Department of Nuclear Medicine

  3. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY EERE PROJECT MAN AGEM DIT CE:'

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    OF ENERGY EERE PROJECT MAN AGEM DIT CE:'

  4. EnginEEring MAnAgEMEnt College of Engineering and Mines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hartman, Chris

    --Accounting for Managers.................................................3 ESM F605--Engineering Economic ...................................................................30 * May be waived with prior undergraduate engineering economics course. Note: Balance of creditsEnginEEring MAnAgEMEnt College of Engineering and Mines Department of Civil and Environmental

  5. Optimized design and structural analysis of a non-pressurized manned submersible

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shepard, Kenneth (Kenneth S.)

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis presents an approach to the structural design and optimization of a non-pressurized manned submersible (NPMS), a type of fully "flooded" submersible based on a SEAL Delivery Vehicle (SDV) Design Concept. Using ...

  6. HEXANE : architecting manned space exploration missions beyond low-earth orbit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rudat, Alexander August

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    With the end of the Space Shuttle Program and the cancellation of the Constellation Program, NASA's long-term designs for manned spaceflight beyond Earth orbit remain indefinite. Although progress has been made in plans ...

  7. In memory of Ray Reiter, a wise man Searle and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shoham, Yoav

    In memory of Ray Reiter, a wise man Searle and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance Yoav Shoham ­ to the CRA. It is only that part that I am addressing. #12;From understanding Chinese to motorcycle

  8. Optical Anisotropy of Schwarzschild Metric within Equivalent Medium Framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sina Khorasani; Bizhan Rashidian

    2009-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

    It is has been long known that the curved space in the presence of gravitation can be described as a non-homogeneous anisotropic medium in flat geometry with different constitutive equations. In this article, we show that the eigenpolarizations of such medium can be exactly solved, leading to a pseudo-isotropic description of curved vacuum with two refractive index eigenvalues having opposite signs, which correspond to forward and backward travel in time. We conclude that for a rotating universe, time-reversal symmetry is broken. We also demonstrate the applicability of this method to Schwarzschild metric and derive exact forms of refractive index. We derive the subtle optical anisotropy of space around a spherically symmetric, non-rotating and uncharged blackhole in the form of an elegant closed form expression, and show that the refractive index in such a pseudo-isotropic system would be a function of coordinates as well as the direction of propagation. Corrections arising from such anisotropy in the bending of light are shown and a simplified system of equations for ray-tracing in the equivalent medium of Schwarzschild metric is found.

  9. [Semantic equivalence of the Brazilian Portuguese version of the "Body Change Inventory"].

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Conti, MA; Ferreira, ME; Amaral, AC; Hearst, N; Cords, TA; Scagliusi, FB

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    portugus do Body Change Inventory Semantic Equivalence ofof the Body Change Inventory Maria Elisa Caputo Ferreira 1tion of the Body Change Inventory: An assessment instrument

  10. Power-system dynamic equivalents:coherency recognition via the rate of change of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

    .F.I.M.A. Indexing terms: Power systems and plant, Simulation, Time-varying parameters, Dynamic equivalents AbstractPower-system dynamic equivalents:coherency recognition via the rate of change of kinetic energy H of sections of a power system, its main drawback being the extensive computation times required to recognise

  11. Mechanically equivalent elastic-plastic deformations and the problem of plastic spin David J. Steigmann1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Mechanically equivalent elastic-plastic deformations and the problem of plastic spin David J author to receive correspondence (steigman@me.berkeley.edu) Abstract: The problem of plastic spin is phrased in terms of a notion of mechanical equivalence among local relaxed configurations of an elastic/plastic

  12. An analytical method to calculate equivalent fields to irregular symmetric and asymmetric photon fields

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tahmasebi Birgani, Mohamad J. [Department of Radiation Therapy, Golestan Hospital, JondiShapour University of Medical Science, Ahvaz (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Department of Medical Physics, JondiShapour University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Chegeni, Nahid, E-mail: nchegen@yahoo.com [Department of Medical Physics, JondiShapour University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Zabihzadeh, Mansoor; Hamzian, Nima [Department of Medical Physics, JondiShapour University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Equivalent field is frequently used for central axis depth-dose calculations of rectangular- and irregular-shaped photon beams. As most of the proposed models to calculate the equivalent square field are dosimetry based, a simple physical-based method to calculate the equivalent square field size was used as the basis of this study. The table of the sides of the equivalent square or rectangular fields was constructed and then compared with the well-known tables by BJR and Venselaar, et al. with the average relative error percentage of 2.5 2.5% and 1.5 1.5%, respectively. To evaluate the accuracy of this method, the percentage depth doses (PDDs) were measured for some special irregular symmetric and asymmetric treatment fields and their equivalent squares for Siemens Primus Plus linear accelerator for both energies, 6 and 18 MV. The mean relative differences of PDDs measurement for these fields and their equivalent square was approximately 1% or less. As a result, this method can be employed to calculate equivalent field not only for rectangular fields but also for any irregular symmetric or asymmetric field.

  13. Method for detecting water equivalent of snow using secondary cosmic gamma radiation

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Condreva, Kenneth J. (1420 Fifth St., Livermore, Alameda County, CA 94550)

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Water equivalent of accumulated snow determination by measurement of secondary background cosmic radiation attenuation by the snowpack. By measuring the attentuation of 3-10 MeV secondary gamma radiation it is possible to determine the water equivalent of snowpack. The apparatus is designed to operate remotely to determine the water equivalent of snow in areas which are difficult or hazardous to access during winter, accumulate the data as a function of time and transmit, by means of an associated telemetry system, the accumulated data back to a central data collection point for analysis. The electronic circuitry is designed so that a battery pack can be used to supply power.

  14. Method for detecting water equivalent of snow using secondary cosmic gamma radiation

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Condreva, K.J.

    1997-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Water equivalent of accumulated snow determination by measurement of secondary background cosmic radiation attenuation by the snowpack. By measuring the attenuation of 3-10 MeV secondary gamma radiation it is possible to determine the water equivalent of snowpack. The apparatus is designed to operate remotely to determine the water equivalent of snow in areas which are difficult or hazardous to access during winter, accumulate the data as a function of time and transmit, by means of an associated telemetry system, the accumulated data back to a central data collection point for analysis. The electronic circuitry is designed so that a battery pack can be used to supply power. 4 figs.

  15. 1. Introduction A man is rushed to a hospital in the throes of a heart attack.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cottrell, Garrison W.

    1. Introduction A man is rushed to a hospital in the throes of a heart attack. The doctor needs when a heart attack patient is admitted, rank them accord- ing to their importance, and combine them heart attack patients according to risk using only a maxi- mum of three variables. If a patient has had

  16. Nature Macmillan Publishers Ltd 1997 ill man-made climate change dis-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stocker, Thomas

    Nature © Macmillan Publishers Ltd 1997 W ill man-made climate change dis- rupt the ocean currents that have guaranteed Europe's mild climate for the past 10,000 years? A number of recent simplified climate model. They conclude that ocean circulation stability depends not only on the total

  17. X-MAN: An MDE Tool for Component-based System Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lau, Kung-Kiu

    the complete life cycle for component-based system development [10]. The X-MAN tool has been successfully, and prior to system V&V. A. The W Model The life cycle for component-based system development is thus system, and are therefore repository components developed in a component life cycle, separately from

  18. G:\\library-management\\Policies\\Coll_Man_PolicySept08.doc 1 University of Sussex Library

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sussex, University of

    G:\\library-management\\Policies\\Coll_Man_PolicySept08.doc 1 University of Sussex Library Collection Management Policy 1. Introduction The University of Sussex Library contains 800,000 books, to which about 15,000 new items are added each year. The Library also provides access to over 20,000 print and online

  19. Erasing no-man's land by thermodynamically stabilizing the liquid-liquid transition in tetrahedral particles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loss, Daniel

    compressibility KT and the isobaric heat capacity CP . In the LLCP hypothesis, the density anomalies of waterErasing no-man's land by thermodynamically stabilizing the liquid-liquid transition in tetrahedral, Sapienza, Universit´a di Roma, Piazzale Aldo Moro 2, I-00185, Roma, Italy. EFFECTS OF THE LIQUID-LIQUID

  20. Two dimensional thermoelectric platforms for thermocapillary droplet Man-Chi Liu,ac

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Pei-Chun

    the cooling function relies on the natural conduction and/or convection. A thermoelectric (TE) chipTwo dimensional thermoelectric platforms for thermocapillary droplet actuation Man-Chi Liu,ac Jin be driven to the cooler regions via surface tension modulation by varying the temperature. The usual method

  1. Innovation in the man-made fibres industry: corporate strategy and national institutions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sussex, University of

    1 DRAFT Innovation in the man-made fibres industry: corporate strategy and national institutions in innovation. It is built around the experiences of three companies, all operating in the same industry, two of which can be described as innovation successes and the third as an innovation failure. The aim

  2. conStruction MAnAgeMent College of Rural and Community Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hartman, Chris

    conStruction MAnAgeMent College of Rural and Community Development Community and Technical College The construction management program meets growing needs in the con- struction industry by training entry-level construction managers and by providing continuing education for construction employees. Construction managers

  3. Nested Named Entity Recognition Jenny Rose Finkel and Christopher D. Manning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pratt, Vaughan

    Nested Named Entity Recognition Jenny Rose Finkel and Christopher D. Manning Computer Science has al- most entirely ignored nested named en- tity recognition, but due to technological, rather than ideological reasons. In this pa- per, we present a new technique for rec- ognizing nested named entities

  4. SciEncE MAnAgEMEnt College of Engineering and Mines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hartman, Chris

    .................................................3 ESM F605--Engineering Economic Analysis* ....................................3 6. Complete with prior undergraduate engineering economics course. See Arctic Engineering. See Engineering for PhSciEncE MAnAgEMEnt College of Engineering and Mines Department of Civil and Environmental

  5. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS, MAN, AND CYBERNETICS PART B 1 Spectrum Sharing in Cognitive Radio Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Xinbing

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS, MAN, AND CYBERNETICS ­ PART B 1 Spectrum Sharing in Cognitive Radio of radio frequency spectrum. In this paper, we consider the problem of spectrum sharing among primary (or Terms--Cognitive radio, spectrum sensing, spectrum sharing, game theory, Nash equilibrium. I

  6. Ris-R-819(EN) The Radiological Exposure ofMan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and OlofKaiiberg* ^National Institute ofRadiation Hygiene, Brønshøj, Denmark +Swedish Radiation Protection areas of the Atlantic Basin. Pollutants are transferred to man via marine pathways, ie. consumption Safety and Civil Protection under Contract No. 94-PR-022. 2 Fisheries Statistics The fisheries statistics

  7. Real-Time Game Design of Pac-Man Using Fuzzy Logic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, Gary B.

    , fuzzy logic has been chosen as the basis for the intelligent control of the ghosts' behavior1 Real-Time Game Design of Pac-Man Using Fuzzy Logic Adnan Shaout, Brady King, and Luke Reisner approaches. Keywords: Fuzzy Logic, Artificial Intelligence, Intelligent Agents, Real-Time, Interactive, Game

  8. Uncertainty Discounting for Land-Based Carbon Sequestration Man-Keun Kim

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCarl, Bruce A.

    1 Uncertainty Discounting for Land-Based Carbon Sequestration By Man-Keun Kim Post Doctoral Fellow Discounting for Land-Based Carbon Sequestration Abstract The effect of various stochastic factors like weather% to 10% for the East Texas region. #12;3 Uncertainty Discounting for Land-Based Carbon Sequestration 1

  9. Permanence Discounting for Land-Based Carbon Sequestration Man-Keun Kim

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCarl, Bruce A.

    Permanence Discounting for Land-Based Carbon Sequestration By Man-Keun Kim Post Doctoral Fellow Discounting for Land-Based Carbon Sequestration 1. Introduction Land-based soil carbon sequestration has been explored the potential of land-based carbon sequestration strategies in the US such as afforestation

  10. Die MAN Diesel & Turbo sucht am Standort Augsburg fr den Bereich Strategie/Unternehmensentwicklung zum frhestmglichen Eintrittstermin eine/n

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stein, Oliver

    Die MAN Diesel & Turbo sucht am Standort Augsburg für den Bereich Strategie Projekte. Als Stabsfunktion berichtet die Abteilung direkt an den Vorstand von MAN Diesel & Turbo SE. Wir Diesel & Turbo ist weltweit führender Anbieter von Gro?dieselmotoren und Turbomaschinen für maritime und

  11. The Solar Neutrino Problem in the Light of a Violation of the Equivalence Principle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. M. Gago; H. Nunokawa; R. Zukanovich Funchal

    2000-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

    We have found that long-wavelength neutrino oscillations induced by a tiny breakdown of the weak equivalence principle of general relativity can provide a viable solution to the solar neutrino problem.

  12. Understanding fractional equivalence and the differentiated effects on operations with fractions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Naiser, Emilie Ann

    2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    This study compared two representations for teaching fraction equivalence. It traced the implications of both representations on the student?s comprehension of fractions as well as their ability to perform operations with fractions...

  13. On the Expression Complexity of Equivalence and Isomorphism of Primitive Positive Formulas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Valeriote, Matt

    and existential quantification. The class of primitive positive formulas includes­and is essentially equivalent to in the study of the constraint satisfaction problem (CSP), which can be defined #12;as the problem of deciding

  14. On the Expression Complexity of Equivalence and Isomorphism of Primitive Positive Formulas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Valeriote, Matt

    and existential quantification. The class of primitive positive formulas includes­and is essentially equivalent to in the study of the constraint satisfaction problem (CSP), which can be defined Dagstuhl Seminar Proceedings

  15. Spanish Translation of the Children's Hope Scale Using Quantitative Methods for Verifying Semantic Equivalence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frehe-Torres, Victoria Elena

    2010-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Abstract The purpose of this study was to translate the Children's Hope Scale (CHS) from English to Spanish using quantitative methods in order to verify semantic equivalence of the adapted measure. The study utilized bilingual, English and Spanish...

  16. *can substitute CSE 131 & ESE 101 or equivalent Updated September 2014 Mechanical Engineering Sample Curriculum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Subramanian, Venkat

    Dynamics and Vibration MEMS 4310 3 Vibration and Machine Elements Lab MEMS 405 2 Intro to Circuits ESE 230*can substitute CSE 131 & ESE 101 or equivalent Updated September 2014 Mechanical Engineering

  17. *can substitute CSE 131 & ESE 101 or equivalent Updated May 2014 Mechanical Engineering Sample Curriculum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Subramanian, Venkat

    Modeling Simulation and Control MEMS 4301 3 Structural Dynamics and Vibration MEMS 431 4 Intro to Circuits*can substitute CSE 131 & ESE 101 or equivalent Updated May 2014 Mechanical Engineering Sample

  18. A critical study of the equivalent circuits of three and four-winding transformers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Whitson, Donald Ray

    1951-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -WINDIHO TBAHSFORHERS A Thesis Donald Ray Whitson Jung 1951 A CRITICAL STUDY OF THE EQUIVALENT CIRCUITS OP THREE AND FOUR-WINDING THANSFORNERS Donald Rap Nhitson A Thesis Submitted to the Graduate School of the Agricultural and Nechanical College of Texas.... FOREWORD In the critical study of the equivalent circuits of three and four- winding transformers there was no attempt made to develop any new trans- former theory. This thesis presents the theory of two general methods of approach to the problem...

  19. A note on the equivalence principle applicability to the general theory of relativity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. B. Morozov

    2014-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Here we are talking about the equivalence of Einsteinian gravitational equations solutions to relativist accelerated frames. It was established that there is a uniformly accelerated frame. Such a frame is deformed as an acceleration result, but it is a stiff frame according to Born, i.e. its metric tensor does not depend on time. The frame is pseudo-Riemannian. It was proved that an uniformly accelerated frame is locally equivalent to the relevant solution of Einstein's gravitational equation.

  20. Quasi-stationary circuit relationships from electromagnetic theory with special emphasis on equivalence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gandy, Woodrow Wheeler

    1952-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    QUASI-STATIONARY CIRCUIT RELATIONSHIPS PROM ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY WITH SPECIAL EMPHASIS ON EQUIVALENCE A Dissertation By Woodrow W. Gandy ontent by Chairman of Committee QUASI-STATIONARY CIRCUIT RELATIONSHIPS FROM ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY... WITH SPECIAL EMPHASIS ON EQUIVALENCE A Dissertation Submitted to the Faculty of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas in Partial Fulfilment of the Requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy Major Subject: Electrical Engineering...

  1. An Equivalent Network for Load-Flow Analysis of Power Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Merion Luke

    1960-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    AN EQUIVALENT NETWORK FOR LOAD-FLOW ANALYSIS OF POWER SYSTEMS A Thesis by Meri on L. Johnson Submitted to the Graduate School of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas in partihl fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE May, 1960 Major Subject: Electrical Engineering AN EQUIVALENT NETWORK FOR LOAD-FLOW ANALYSIS OF POWER SYSTEMS A Thesis By Merion L. Johnson Approv as to style a d content by (Chairman of Co ittee ) (Head of Department...

  2. Knowing mathematics for teaching: a case study of teacher responses to students' errors and difficulties in teaching equivalent fractions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ding, Meixia

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    to Student Errors and Difficulties (TRED) in teaching equivalent fractions with an eye on students cognitive gains as the assessment of teaching effects. This research used a qualitative paradigm. Classroom videos concerning equivalent fractions from six...

  3. Myhill-Nerode Handout Definition. An equivalence relation E on strings is right invariant iff concatenating a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clarke, Edmund M.

    a right-invariant equivalence relation E (on , for a given ) of finite index. Let S be the (finite) set

  4. Estimated dose to man from uranium milling via the terrestrial food-chain pathway

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rayno, D.R.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the major pathways of radiological exposure to man from uranium milling operations is through the terrestrial food chain. Studies by various investigators have shown the extent of uptake and distribution of U-238, U-234, Th-230, Ra-226, Pb-210, and Po-210 in plants and animals. These long-lived natural radioisotopes, all nuclides of the uranium decay series, are found in concentrated amounts in uranium mill tailings. Data from these investigations are used to estimate the dose to man from consumption of beef and milk contaminated by the tailings. This dose estimate from this technologically enhanced source is compared with that from average normal dietary intake of these radionuclides from natural sources.

  5. US Liquid Metal Fast Breeder Reactor man-machine interface program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vaurio, J.K.; Change, S.A.

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The US LMFBR Man-Machine Interface Program is supportive to and an integral part of the LMFBR Safety Program. This paper describes the goal and objectives of the program, and the necessary research and development efforts with a logical structure for the orderly and timely implementation of the prgoram. Current status and near-term and long-term priority activities are also summarized.

  6. A man-made enhanced geothermal system (EGS) can extract the abundant heat resour

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustionImprovement3 Beryllium-Associated Worker2014Department ofDepartmentAAugustEfficiency,man-made

  7. Preconceptual systems and equipment for plugging of man-made accesses to a repository in basalt

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Taylor, C.L.; O'Rourke, J.E.; Allirot, D.; O'Connor, K.

    1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents results of a study leading to preconceptual designs for plugging boreholes, shafts, and tunnels to a nuclear waste repository in basalt. Beginning design criteria include a list of preferred plug materials and plugging machines that were selected to suit the environmental conditions, and depths, diameters, and orientations of the accesses to a nuclear waste repository in the Columbia River basalts located in eastern Washington State. The environmental conditions are described. The fiscal year 1979-1980 Task II work is presented in two parts: preliminary testing of materials for plugging of man-made accesses to a repository in basalt (described in a separate report); and preconceptual systems and equipment for plugging of man-made accesses to a repository in basalt (described in this report). To fulfill the scope of the Task II work, Woodward-Clyde Consultants (WCC) was requested to: provide preconceptual systems for plugging boreholes, tunnels, and shafts in basalt; describe preconceptual borehole plugging equipment for placing the selected materials in man-made accesses; utilize the quality assurance program, program plan and schedule, and work plans previously developed for Task II; and prepare a preliminary report.

  8. Variational equivalence between Ginzburg-Landau, XY spin systems and screw dislocations energies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. Alicandro; M. Cicalese; M. Ponsiglione

    2009-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

    We introduce and discuss discrete two-dimensional models for XY spin systems and screw dislocations in crystals. We prove that, as the lattice spacing $\\e$ tends to zero, the relevant energies in these models behave like a free energy in the complex Ginzburg-Landau theory of superconductivity, justifying in a rigorous mathematical language the analogies between screw dislocations in crystals and vortices in superconductors. To this purpose, we introduce a notion of asymptotic variational equivalence between families of functionals in the framework of $\\Gamma$-convergence. We then prove that, in several scaling regimes, the complex Ginzburg-Landau, the XY spin system and the screw dislocation energy functionals are variationally equivalent. Exploiting such an equivalence between dislocations and vortices, we can show new results concerning the asymptotic behavior of screw dislocations in the $|\\log\\e|^2$ energetic regime.

  9. How many invariant polynomials are needed to decide local unitary equivalence of qubit states?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maci??ek, Tomasz [Center for Theoretical Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Al. Lotnikw 32/46, 02-668 Warszawa (Poland) [Center for Theoretical Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Al. Lotnikw 32/46, 02-668 Warszawa (Poland); Faculty of Physics, University of Warsaw, ul. Ho?a 69, 00-681 Warszawa (Poland); Oszmaniec, Micha? [Center for Theoretical Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Al. Lotnikw 32/46, 02-668 Warszawa (Poland)] [Center for Theoretical Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Al. Lotnikw 32/46, 02-668 Warszawa (Poland); Sawicki, Adam [Center for Theoretical Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Al. Lotnikw 32/46, 02-668 Warszawa (Poland) [Center for Theoretical Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Al. Lotnikw 32/46, 02-668 Warszawa (Poland); School of Mathematics, University of Bristol, University Walk, Bristol BS8 1TW (United Kingdom)

    2013-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Given L-qubit states with the fixed spectra of reduced one-qubit density matrices, we find a formula for the minimal number of invariant polynomials needed for solving local unitary (LU) equivalence problem, that is, problem of deciding if two states can be connected by local unitary operations. Interestingly, this number is not the same for every collection of the spectra. Some spectra require less polynomials to solve LU equivalence problem than others. The result is obtained using geometric methods, i.e., by calculating the dimensions of reduced spaces, stemming from the symplectic reduction procedure.

  10. On the electromagnetic constitutive laws that are equivalent to spacetime metrics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. H. Delphenich

    2014-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The raising of both indices in the components of the Minkowski electromagnetic field strength 2-form to give the components of the electromagnetic excitation bivector field can be regarded as being equivalent to an electromagnetic constitutive law, as well as being defined by the components of the spacetime metric. This notion is clarified, and the nature of the equivalent dielectric tensors and magnetic permeability tensors that are defined by some common spacetime metrics is discussed. The relationship of the basic construction to effective metrics is discussed, and, in particular, the fact that this effective metric is more general than the Gordon metric.

  11. Status of MICROSCOPE, a mission to test the Equivalence Principle in space

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berg, Joel; Rodrigues, Manuel

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    MICROSCOPE is a French Space Agency mission that aims to test the Weak Equivalence Principle in space down to an accuracy of $10^{-15}$. This is two orders of magnitude better than the current constraints, which will allow us to test General Relativity as well as theories beyond General Relativity which predict a possible Weak Equivalence Principle violation below $10^{-13}$. In this communication, we describe the MICROSCOPE mission, its measurement principle and instrument, and we give an update on its status. After a successful instrument's commissioning, MICROSCOPE is on track for on-schedule launch, expected in 2016.

  12. Palynology and Paleoecology of the Lake Somerville spillway section, Late Eocene Manning Formation (Jackson Group), east-central Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sancay, Recep Hayrettin

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Analysis of lignites, freshwater and marine siliciclastic sediments from the Lake Somerville spillway section (Late Eocene, Jackson Group, Manning Formation) yielded a diverse assemblage of terrestrial palynomorphs including fungal spores (84 genera...

  13. Evaluation of Equivalent Static Wind Loads on Buildings Xinzhong Chen1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kareem, Ahsan

    effects. This load representation allows designers to follow a relatively simple static analysis procedureEvaluation of Equivalent Static Wind Loads on Buildings Xinzhong Chen1 and Ahsan Kareem2 1 Professor of Engineering, University of Notre Dame, Indiana, USA, kareem@nd.edu ABSTRACT Wind loads

  14. Equivalence of the Fleming-Viot and Look-down models of Muller's ratchet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    Equivalence of the Fleming-Viot and Look-down models of Muller's ratchet Julien Audiffren Abstract We consider Muller's ratchet Fleming-Viot model with compensatory mu- tations, which is an infinite to the previous Muller's ratchet model. Keywords : Muller's ratchet, Fleming-Viot, Look-down, Tightness, SDEs

  15. Equivalent hydraulic conductivity of an experimental stratigraphy: Implications for basin-scale flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gable, Carl W.

    Equivalent hydraulic conductivity of an experimental stratigraphy: Implications for basin-scale groundwater flow models are the estimation of representative hydraulic conductivity for the model units. In this study, high-resolution, fully heterogeneous basin-scale hydraulic conductivity map is generated

  16. Equivalence Checking between Function Block Diagrams and C Programs Using HW-CBMC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (RPS) in Korea. Our approach is effective to check equivalence between FBDs and ANSI-C programs: Equivanelce Checking, Behavioral Consistency, FBDs, Ver- ilog, ANSI-C, HW-CBMC. 1 Introduction Controllers Heidelberg 2011 #12;398 D.-A. Lee, J. Yoo, and J.-S. Lee FBDs program into ANSI-C program to compile

  17. Equivalent isotropic scattering formulation for transient short-pulse radiative transfer in anisotropic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guo, Zhixiong "James"

    of the transient short-pulse radiation transport through forward and backward anisotropic scattering planar media time-resolved transmittance.13­15 The complete transient radiative transfer equation has been conEquivalent isotropic scattering formulation for transient short-pulse radiative transfer

  18. On Enumeration of Polynomial Equivalence Classes and Their Application to MPKC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . These problems are equivalent to finding the scale of the key space of a multivariate cryptosystem and the total and the potential capability of MPKC. We also consider their applications in the analysis of a specific multivariate number of different multivariate cryptographic schemes respectively, which might impact the security

  19. An equivalent circuit for the Brushless Doubly Fed Machine (BDFM) including parameter estimation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    are presented. The machine is intended for use as a variable speed generator, or drive. A per phase equivalent generator for wind turbines, although the benefits of the BDFM for variable speed drives have also been of operation in a doubly- fed mode, in which the shaft speed has a fixed relationship to the two excitation

  20. 2006 29 1 A physics-based equivalent circuit model for LTCC Helical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hwang, Sung Woo

    2006 29 1 601 Abstract A physics-based equivalent circuit model for LTCC Helical type Inductors, C, , . Film Low Temperature Co-fired Ceramic (LTCC) . LTCC of Low Temperature Co-fired Ceramic Helical Inductors Keun Heo, Juhwan Lim, Sungwoo Hwang Dept

  1. Capacitive Behavior of HF Power Transformers: Global Approach to Draw Robust Equivalent Circuits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    behavior of all components. Among these components, HF power transformers constitute a special case. EvenCapacitive Behavior of HF Power Transformers: Global Approach to Draw Robust Equivalent Circuits of n-windings HF power transformers. A global approach, mainly based on energy considerations about

  2. Simple proof of equivalence between adiabatic quantum computation and the circuit model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ari Mizel; Daniel A. Lidar; Morgan Mitchell

    2007-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

    We prove the equivalence between adiabatic quantum computation and quantum computation in the circuit model. An explicit adiabatic computation procedure is given that generates a ground state from which the answer can be extracted. The amount of time needed is evaluated by computing the gap. We show that the procedure is computationally efficient.

  3. Creep Prediction Using The Non-Linear Strain Energy Equivalence Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Creep Prediction Using The Non-Linear Strain Energy Equivalence Theory Jennifer K. Lynch, Ph Theory, a semi-empirical model, is utilized to predict long- term creep from short-term compressive-axial compression are performed at strain rates of 3 and 0.03 %/minute to predict creep behavior and stress

  4. CARTESIAN CLOSED 2-CATEGORIES AND PERMUTATION EQUIVALENCE IN HIGHER-ORDER REWRITING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    is the notion of permutation equivalence, which was generalised to the higher-order case by Bruggink [1]. He constructs a cartesian closed 2-category, whose 2-cells are Bruggink's proof terms modulo permutation closed 2-signatures are a 2-dimensional refinement of cartesian closed sketches [16, 4, 9]. Bruggink

  5. University of South Australia Go8 Foundation Studies Programs Entry Equivalences Code Academic Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mayer, Wolfgang

    University of South Australia Go8 Foundation Studies Programs Entry Equivalences Code Academic Studies Program Western Australian Universities Foundation Studies Program University of Queensland.8 55 6 LBIF Bachelor of Engineering (Electrcal and Renewable Energy Systems) Y 75 74 67 285 72 6

  6. On the equivalence of economic lot scheduling and switched production systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Armbruster, Dieter

    On the equivalence of economic lot scheduling and switched production systems K.G.M. Jacobs from switched production systems are applied to the economic lot schedul- ing problem: i) A feedback-entrant production scheduling where parts arrive into the manufacturing system with certain (random) arrival rates

  7. Creating dynamic equivalent PV circuit models with impedance spectroscopy for arc-fault modeling.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, Jay Dean; Kuszmaul, Scott S.; Strauch, Jason E.; Schoenwald, David Alan

    2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Article 690.11 in the 2011 National Electrical Code{reg_sign} (NEC{reg_sign}) requires new photovoltaic (PV) systems on or penetrating a building to include a listed arc fault protection device. Currently there is little experimental or empirical research into the behavior of the arcing frequencies through PV components despite the potential for modules and other PV components to filter or attenuate arcing signatures that could render the arc detector ineffective. To model AC arcing signal propagation along PV strings, the well-studied DC diode models were found to inadequately capture the behavior of high frequency arcing signals. Instead dynamic equivalent circuit models of PV modules were required to describe the impedance for alternating currents in modules. The nonlinearities present in PV cells resulting from irradiance, temperature, frequency, and bias voltage variations make modeling these systems challenging. Linearized dynamic equivalent circuits were created for multiple PV module manufacturers and module technologies. The equivalent resistances and capacitances for the modules were determined using impedance spectroscopy with no bias voltage and no irradiance. The equivalent circuit model was employed to evaluate modules having irradiance conditions that could not be measured directly with the instrumentation. Although there was a wide range of circuit component values, the complex impedance model does not predict filtering of arc fault frequencies in PV strings for any irradiance level. Experimental results with no irradiance agree with the model and show nearly no attenuation for 1 Hz to 100 kHz input frequencies.

  8. Wave-Based Sound Propagation in Large Open Scenes using an Equivalent Source Formulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    North Carolina at Chapel Hill, University of

    Wave-Based Sound Propagation in Large Open Scenes using an Equivalent Source Formulation RAVISH We present a novel approach for wave-based sound propagation suitable for large, open spaces spanning or simulation systems, present a significant chal- lenge for interactive, wave-based sound propagation

  9. Lanthanum silicate gate dielectric stacks with subnanometer equivalent oxide thickness utilizing an interfacial silica consumption reaction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garfunkel, Eric

    Lanthanum silicate gate dielectric stacks with subnanometer equivalent oxide thickness utilizing-8087 Received 13 April 2005; accepted 6 June 2005; published online 26 July 2005 A silicate reaction between process route to interface elimination, while producing a silicate dielectric with a higher temperature

  10. Effects of fuel type and equivalence ratios on the flickering of triple flames

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sahu, K.B.; Kundu, A.; Ganguly, R.; Datta, A. [Department of Power Engineering, Jadavpur University, Salt Lake Campus, Kolkata 700098 (India)

    2009-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    An experimental study has been conducted in axisymmetric, co-flowing triple flames with different equivalence ratios of the inner and outer reactant streams (2<{phi}{sub in}<3 and 0{<=}{phi}{sub out}<0.7). Different fuel combinations, like propane/propane, propane/methane or methane/methane in the inner and outer streams respectively, have been used in the experiments. The structures of the triple flames have been compared for the different fuel combinations and equivalence ratios. The conditions under which triple flames exhibit oscillation have been identified. During the oscillation, the non-premixed flame and the outer lean premixed flame flicker strongly, while the inner rich premixed flame remains more or less stable. The flickering frequency has been evaluated through image processing and fast Fourier transform (FFT) of the average pixel intensity of the image frames. It is observed that, for all the fuel combinations, the frequency decreases with the increase in the outer equivalence ratio, while it is relatively invariant with the change in the inner equivalence ratio. However, an increase in the inner equivalence ratio affects the structure of the flame by increasing the heights of the inner premixed flame and non-premixed flame and also enlarges the yellow soot-laden zone at the tip of the inner flame. A scaling analysis of the oscillating flames has been performed based on the measured parameters, which show a variation of Strouhal number (St) with Richardson number (Ri) as St {proportional_to} Ri{sup 0.5}. The fuel type is found to have no influence on this correlation. (author)

  11. Application of a neptune propulsion concept to a manned mars excursion. Master's thesis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Finley, C.J.

    1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    NEPTUNE is a multimegawatt electric propulsion system. It uses a proven compact nuclear thermal rocket, NERVA, in a closed cycle with a magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) generator to power a magnetoplasmadynamic (MPD) thruster. This thesis defines constraints on an externally sourced propulsion system intended to carry out a manned Martian excursion. It assesses NEPTUNE's ability to conform to these constraints. Because an unmodified NEPTUNE system is too large, the thesis develops modifications to the system which reduce its size. The result is a far less proven, but more useful derivative of the unmodified NEPTUNE system.

  12. Space Nuclear Power and Propulsion - a basic Tool for the manned Exploration of the Solar System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Frischauf, Norbert; Hamilton, Booz Allen [ESA/ESTEC, Keplerlaan 1, P.O. Box 29, NL-2200 AG Noordwijk (Netherlands)

    2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Humanity has started to explore space more than 40 years ago. Numerous spacecraft have left the Earth in this endeavour, but while unmanned spacecraft were already sent out on missions, where they would eventually reach the outer limits of the Solar System, manned exploration has always been confined to the tiny bubble of the Earth's gravitational well, stretching out at maximum to our closest celestial companion - the Moon - during the era of the Apollo programme in the late 60's and early 70's. When mankind made its giant leap, the exploration of our cosmic neighbour was seen as the initial step for the manned exploration of the whole Solar System. Consequently ambitious research and development programmes were undertaken at that time to enable what seemed to be the next logical steps: the establishment of a permanent settled base on the Moon and the first manned mission to Mars in the 80's. Nuclear space power and propulsion played an important role in these entire future scenarios, hence ambitious development programmes were undertaken to make these technologies available. Unfortunately the 70's-paradigm shift in space policies did not only bring an end to the Apollo programme, but it also brought a complete halt to all of these technology programmes and confined the human presence in space to a tiny bubble including nothing more than the Earth's sphere and a mere shell of a few hundred kilometres of altitude, too small to even include the Moon. Today, after more than three decades, manned exploration of the Solar System has become an issue again and so are missions to Moon and Mars. However, studies and analyses show that all of these future plans are hampered by today's available propulsion systems and by the problematic of solar power generation at distances at and beyond of Mars, a problem, however, that can readily be solved by the utilisation of space nuclear reactors and propulsion systems. This paper intends to provide an overview on the various fission- and fusion-based Nuclear Power and Propulsion system concepts and tries to compare these systems' different working principles and technical implementations with each other. The overview and comparison will be complemented by a closer look at ongoing activities related to research and development in this area and by an outlook on what kind of systems might be employed to carry the first astronauts to Mars and beyond. (autho0008.

  13. Satiric wit and satiric humor in Pope's Rape of the Lock and An Essay on Man

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinnott, Carol Ann

    1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    will be evident i. n bo'h poems, but I will be pri. &'arily concerned with "wit' when it is coupled. wi& 4 the satiric and the comic. Humor, +oo, will be evidex&t in both poems. Although 'ooth "satiric wit" and "satiric humor" ax'e obvious in q'hs ~Ra e of th...& T&ock they are diff i cult to discover in . 4a Es "~a on Man. And once the satiric elements are identified, it will 'oe ev n more difficult to identify satiric wit and satiric h&uaor. Ny use of various texms, then, will be described in Chapter II...

  14. The Man Who Sold the Future: A Research Guide to the Fiction of Robert A. Heinlein.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benefiel, Candace R.

    2010-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

    -60. Reprinted as ?Jerry Was a Man? in Assignment in Eternity. ?Water is for Washing.? Argosy 325.5 (Nov. 1947): 30-32, 91-93. ?The Black Pits of Luna.? Saturday Evening Post 220 (10 Jan. 1948): 30-1. ?Gentlemen, Be Seated!? 326.5 Argosy (May 1948...;? ?The Long Watch;? ?Gentlemen, Be Seated;? ?The Black Pits of Luna;? ?It's Great to Be Back;? ? ?--We Also Walk Dogs;? ? ?Ordeal in Space;? ?The Green Hills of Earth;? ?Logic of Empire.? Revolt in 2100: The Prophets and the Triumph of Reason Over...

  15. The Man Who Sold the Future: A Research Guide to the Fiction of Robert A. Heinlein

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benefiel, Candace R.

    2010-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

    -60. Reprinted as ?Jerry Was a Man? in Assignment in Eternity. ?Water is for Washing.? Argosy 325.5 (Nov. 1947): 30-32, 91-93. ?The Black Pits of Luna.? Saturday Evening Post 220 (10 Jan. 1948): 30-1. ?Gentlemen, Be Seated!? 326.5 Argosy (May 1948...;? ?The Long Watch;? ?Gentlemen, Be Seated;? ?The Black Pits of Luna;? ?It's Great to Be Back;? ? ?--We Also Walk Dogs;? ? ?Ordeal in Space;? ?The Green Hills of Earth;? ?Logic of Empire.? Revolt in 2100: The Prophets and the Triumph of Reason Over...

  16. Application of Nuclear Regulatory Commission Regulation Equivalency to Construction of New Nuclear Facilities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    BISHOP, G.E.

    1999-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The Spent Nuclear Fuels Project (SNFP) Office of the Department of Energy (DOE), Richland Operations Office, is charged with moving 2.100 metric tons of spent nuclear fuel elements left over from plutonium production into semi-permanent storage at DOE'S Hanford site in Washington state. In anticipation of eventual NRC regulation, the DOE decided to impose NRC requirements on new SNFP facility design and construction, specifically for the Cold Vacuum Drying Facility (CVDF) and the Canister Storage Building (CSB). The SNFP implemented this policy of ''NRC equivalency'' with the goal of achieving a level of nuclear safety equivalent to that of NRC-licensed fuel processing facilities. Appropriate features of the NRC licensing process were adopted. However, the SNFP maintained applicable DOE requirements in tandem with the NRC regulations. Project work is continuing, with the first fuel movement scheduled for November, 2000.

  17. What are the Hidden Quantum Processes In Einstein's Weak Principle of Equivalence?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ostoma, T; Ostoma, Tom; Trushyk, Mike

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We provide a quantum derivation of Einstein's Weak Equivalence Principle (WEP) of general relativity using a new quantum gravity theory proposed by the authors called Electro-Magnetic Quantum Gravity or EMQG (ref. 1). Newtonian Inertia is a property of matter due to the strictly local electrical force interactions contributed by each of the (electrically charged) elementary particles of the mass with the surrounding (electrically charged) virtual particles (virtual masseons) of the quantum vacuum. The sum of all the tiny electrical forces (photon exchanges with the vacuum particles) originating in each charged elementary particle of the accelerated mass is the source of the total inertial force of a mass which opposes accelerated motion in Newton's law 'F = MA'. We found that gravity also involves the same 'inertial' electromagnetic force component that exists in inertial mass. We propose that Einstein's general relativistic Weak Equivalence Principle (WEP) originates from common 'lower level' quantum vacuum ...

  18. Lyapunov spectra and nonequilibrium ensembles equivalence in 2D fluid mechanics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giovanni Gallavotti; Lamberto Rondoni; Enrico Segre

    2002-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

    We perform numerical experiments to study the Lyapunov spectra of dynamical systems associated with the Navier--Stokes (NS) equation in two spatial dimensions truncated over the Fourier basis. Recently new equations, called GNS equations, have been introduced and conjectured to be equivalent to the NS equations at large Reynolds numbers. The Lyapunov spectra of the NS and of the corresponding GNS systems overlap, adding evidence in favor of the conjectured equivalence already studied and partially extended in previous papers. We make use of the Lyapunov spectra to study a fluctuation relation which had been proposed to extend the ``fluctuation theorem'' to strongly dissipative systems. Preliminary results towards the formulation of a local version of the fluctuation formula are also presented.

  19. Geodesic Deviation Equation in GR equivalent theory of $f(T)$ gravity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Darabi, F; Atazadeh, K

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this work, we show that it is possible to study the GR equivalent notion of geodesic deviation in $f(T)$ gravity, in spite of the fact that in teleparallel gravity there is no notion of geodesics, and the torsion is responsible for the appearance of gravitational interaction. In this regard, we obtain the GR equivalent of $f(T)$ gravity whose equations are in the modified gravity form such as $f(R)$ gravity. Then, we obtain the GDE within the context of this modified gravity. In this way, the obtained geodesic deviation equation will correspond to the $f(T)$ gravity. Eventually, we extend the calculations to obtain the modification of Matting relation.

  20. Geodesic Deviation Equation in GR equivalent theory of $f(T)$ gravity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. Darabi; M. Mousavi; K. Atazadeh

    2014-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    In this work, we show that it is possible to study the GR equivalent notion of geodesic deviation in $f(T)$ gravity, in spite of the fact that in teleparallel gravity there is no notion of geodesics, and the torsion is responsible for the appearance of gravitational interaction. In this regard, we obtain the GR equivalent of $f(T)$ gravity whose equations are in the modified gravity form such as $f(R)$ gravity. Then, we obtain the GDE within the context of this modified gravity. In this way, the obtained geodesic deviation equation will correspond to the $f(T)$ gravity. Eventually, we extend the calculations to obtain the modification of Matting relation.

  1. Interacting Dark Energy Model: Exact Analytic Solution and Equivalent Scenario for MCG and Scalar field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Supriya Pan; Subenoy Chakraborty

    2014-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Dark energy models have got tremendous enthusiasm recently both from theoretical and observational point of view. In the present work we assume that the universe at present is dominated by dark matter (DM) and dark energy (DE) which do not evolve separately but interact non-gravitationally with one another and are equivalent to a single dark fluid. We construct explicit solutions for two choices of the equation of state parameter for DE and results are analyzed both graphically as well as analytically. The modified chaplygin gas (MCG) model is shown to be compatible with this effective single dark fluid as well as different interacting holographic dark energy (HDE) models characterized by various IR cut off lengths. Finally, we establish the equivalence between HDE with different scalar field models.

  2. Breakdown of the equivalence between gravitational mass and energy for a composite quantum body

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrei G. Lebed

    2014-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The simplest quantum composite body, a hydrogen atom, is considered in the presence of a weak external gravitational field. We define an operator for the passive gravitational mass of the atom in the post-Newtonian approximation of the general relativity and show that it does not commute with its energy operator. Nevertheless, the equivalence between the expectation values of the mass and energy is shown to survive at a macroscopic level for stationary quantum states. Breakdown of the equivalence between passive gravitational mass and energy at a microscopic level for stationary quantum states can be experimentally detected by studying unusual electromagnetic radiation, emitted by the atoms, supported by and moving in the Earth's gravitational field with constant velocity, using spacecraft or satellite

  3. Gravitational radiation fields in teleparallel equivalent of general relativity and their energies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. G. L. Nashed

    2011-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

    We derive two new retarded solutions in the teleparallel theory equivalent to general relativity (TEGR). One of these solutions gives a divergent energy. Therefore, we used the regularized expression of the gravitational energy-momentum tensor, which is a coordinate dependent. A detailed analysis of the loss of the mass of Bondi space-time is carried out using the flux of the gravitational energy-momentum.

  4. ON NEARLY EQUIVALENT FORMS FOR GSp(4) DANIEL FILE AND RAMIN TAKLOO-BIGHASH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takloo-Bighash, Ramin

    the theta lift of the representations (1, 2) and (JL 1 , JL 2 ) to GSp(4). Lemma 1. In the local situation this lemma is well-known. The non-vanishing of the local theta lifts follows from Remark 6.8 of [P where Tv is split. Let 1,v, 2,v be two non-equivalent supercuspidal representations of D v GL2(Fv) w

  5. Towards a proof of the equivalence between FRW background expansion and statistical isotropy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodriguez, Yeinzon; Nieto, Carlos M

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We will expose in this paper our advances towards a proof of the equivalence between FRW background expansion, during some period of time that contains primordial inflation, and the statistical isotropy of the primordial curvature perturbation $\\zeta$ at the end of this period of time. Our motivation rests on the growing interest in the existence of a preferred direction in the Universe hinted by the continuous presence of anomalies in the CMB data.

  6. Lunar Laser Ranging Tests of the Equivalence Principle with the Earth and Moon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James G. Williams; Slava G. Turyshev; Dale H. Boggs

    2009-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

    A primary objective of the Lunar Laser Ranging (LLR) experiment is to provide precise observations of the lunar orbit that contribute to a wide range of science investigations. Time series of the highly accurate measurements of the distance between the Earth and Moon provide unique information used to determine whether, in accordance with the Equivalence Principle (EP), both of these celestial bodies are falling towards the Sun at the same rate, despite their different masses, compositions, and gravitational self-energies. Current LLR solutions give $(-1.0 \\pm 1.4) \\times 10^{-13}$ for any possible inequality in the ratios of the gravitational and inertial masses for the Earth and Moon, $\\Delta(M_G/M_I)$. This result, in combination with laboratory experiments on the weak equivalence principle, yields a strong equivalence principle (SEP) test of $\\Delta(M_G/M_I)_{\\tt SEP} = (-2.0 \\pm 2.0) \\times 10^{-13}$. Such an accurate result allows other tests of gravitational theories. The result of the SEP test translates into a value for the corresponding SEP violation parameter $\\eta$ of $(4.4 \\pm 4.5)\\times10^{-4}$, where $\\eta = 4\\beta -\\gamma -3$ and both $\\gamma$ and $\\beta$ are parametrized post-Newtonian (PPN) parameters. The PPN parameter $\\beta$ is determined to be $\\beta - 1 = (1.2 \\pm 1.1) \\times 10^{-4}$. Focusing on the tests of the EP, we discuss the existing data, and characterize the modeling and data analysis techniques. The robustness of the LLR solutions is demonstrated with several different approaches that are presented in the text. We emphasize that near-term improvements in the LLR ranging accuracy will further advance the research of relativistic gravity in the solar system, and, most notably, will continue to provide highly accurate tests of the Equivalence Principle.

  7. Equivalent sets of coherent states of the 1D infinite square well and properties

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marc-Antoine Fiset; Vronique Hussin

    2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We prove the equivalence (under some conditions) of two sets of coherent states built for the one-dimensional infinite square well: the so-called generalized and Gaussian Klauder coherent states. We then derive an approximate close expression approaching their probability density and wave function to explore their properties analytically. This process gives thereby explanation of the quasi-classical behavior of these states in terms of the main observables and the Heisenberg uncertainty product

  8. Electromagnetic wave propagation in an active medium and the equivalent Schrdinger equation with an energy-dependent complex potential

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Electromagnetic wave propagation in an active medium and the equivalent Schrödinger equation with an energy-dependent complex potential H. Bahlouli,* A. D. Alhaidari, and A. Al Zahrani Physics Department to provide an alternative, but equivalent, representation of plane electromagnetic em wave propagation

  9. Admission's procedure for PhD studies Evaluation of the equivalence of your Master Certificate or Licentiate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    or Licentiate At this point you have already applied online for a PhD of Science at www of science. The equivalence committee evaluates now if your Master Certificate or Licentiate is equivalent of the transcripts of your Bachelor's Degree AND Master's Degree or Licentiate containing credits and grades

  10. EMC analysis of static converters by the extraction of a complete equivalent circuit via a dedicated PEEC method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    EMC analysis of static converters by the extraction of a complete equivalent circuit via. By coupling these two methods, an equivalent circuit with lumped elements is obtained. Consequently, EMC capacitance effects, is rapidly limited to analyze the EM interactions between subsystems or to draw up EMC

  11. Equivalent CPT Method for Calculating Shallow Foundation Settlements in the Piedmont Residual Soils Based on the DMT Constrained Modulus Approach.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mayne, Paul W.

    Equivalent CPT Method for Calculating Shallow Foundation Settlements in the Piedmont Residual Soils the Piedmont physiographic province, an equivalent method has been developed for the CPT to obtain constrained to the measured cone tip resistance (qc), particularly in fine sandy soils (e.g., M' = 2 qc). This too utililized

  12. Perfect Computational Equivalence between Quantum Turing Machines and Finitely Generated Uniform Quantum Circuit Families

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harumichi Nishimura; Masanao Ozawa

    2008-12-05T23:59:59.000Z

    In order to establish the computational equivalence between quantum Turing machines (QTMs) and quantum circuit families (QCFs) using Yao's quantum circuit simulation of QTMs, we previously introduced the class of uniform QCFs based on an infinite set of elementary gates, which has been shown to be computationally equivalent to the polynomial-time QTMs (with appropriate restriction of amplitudes) up to bounded error simulation. This result implies that the complexity class BQP introduced by Bernstein and Vazirani for QTMs equals its counterpart for uniform QCFs. However, the complexity classes ZQP and EQP for QTMs do not appear to equal their counterparts for uniform QCFs. In this paper, we introduce a subclass of uniform QCFs, the finitely generated uniform QCFs, based on finite number of elementary gates and show that the class of finitely generated uniform QCFs is perfectly equivalent to the class of polynomial-time QTMs; they can exactly simulate each other. This naturally implies that BQP as well as ZQP and EQP equal the corresponding complexity classes of the finitely generated uniform QCFs.

  13. Solar system and equivalence principle constraints on f(R) gravity by chameleon approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salvatore Capozziello; Shinji Tsujikawa

    2008-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

    We study constraints on f(R) dark energy models from solar system experiments combined with experiments on the violation of equivalence principle. When the mass of an equivalent scalar field degree of freedom is heavy in a region with high density, a spherically symmetric body has a thin-shell so that an effective coupling of the fifth force is suppressed through a chameleon mechanism. We place experimental bounds on the cosmologically viable models recently proposed in literature which have an asymptotic form f(R)=R-lambda R_c [1-(R_c/R)^{2n}] in the regime R >> R_c. From the solar-system constraints on the post-Newtonian parameter gamma, we derive the bound n>0.5, whereas the constraints from the violations of weak and strong equivalence principles give the bound n>0.9. This allows a possibility to find the deviation from the LambdaCDM cosmological model. For the model f(R)=R-lambda R_c(R/R_c)^p with 0

  14. Quantum Tests of the Einstein Equivalence Principle with the STE-QUEST Space Mission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brett Altschul; Quentin G. Bailey; Luc Blanchet; Kai Bongs; Philippe Bouyer; Luigi Cacciapuoti; Salvatore Capozziello; Naceur Gaaloul; Domenico Giulini; Jonas Hartwig; Luciano Iess; Philippe Jetzer; Arnaud Landragin; Ernst Rasel; Serge Reynaud; Stephan Schiller; Christian Schubert; Fiodor Sorrentino; Uwe Sterr; Jay D. Tasson; Guglielmo M. Tino; Philip Tuckey; Peter Wolf

    2014-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

    We present in detail the scientific objectives in fundamental physics of the Space-Time Explorer and QUantum Equivalence Space Test (STE-QUEST) space mission. STE-QUEST was pre-selected by the European Space Agency together with four other missions for the cosmic vision M3 launch opportunity planned around 2024. It carries out tests of different aspects of the Einstein Equivalence Principle using atomic clocks, matter wave interferometry and long distance time/frequency links, providing fascinating science at the interface between quantum mechanics and gravitation that cannot be achieved, at that level of precision, in ground experiments. We especially emphasize the specific strong interest of performing equivalence principle tests in the quantum regime, i.e. using quantum atomic wave interferometry. Although STE-QUEST was finally not selected in early 2014 because of budgetary and technological reasons, its science case was very highly rated. Our aim is to expose that science to a large audience in order to allow future projects and proposals to take advantage of the STE-QUEST experience.

  15. Reflector modelling of small high leakage cores making use of multi-group nodal equivalence theory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Theron, S. A. [South African Nuclear Energy Corporation (Necsa), PO Box 582, Pretoria, 0001 (South Africa); Reitsma, F. [Calvera Consultants, PO Box 150, Strubensvallei, 1735 (South Africa)

    2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This research focuses on modelling reflectors in typical material testing reactors (MTRs). Equivalence theory is used to homogenise and collapse detailed transport solutions to generate equivalent nodal parameters and albedo boundary conditions for reflectors, for subsequent use in full core nodal diffusion codes. This approach to reflector modelling has been shown to be accurate for two-group large commercial light water reactor (LWR) analysis, but has not been investigated for MTRs. MTRs are smaller, with much larger leakage, environment sensitivity and multi-group spectrum dependencies than LWRs. This study aims to determine if this approach to reflector modelling is an accurate and plausible homogenisation technique for the modelling of small MTR cores. The successful implementation will result in simplified core models, better accuracy and improved efficiency of computer simulations. Codes used in this study include SCALE 6.1, OSCAR-4 and EQUIVA (the last two codes are developed and used at Necsa). The results show a five times reduction in calculational time for the proposed reduced reactor model compared to the traditional explicit model. The calculated equivalent parameters however show some sensitivity to the environment used to generate them. Differences in the results compared to the current explicit model, require more careful investigation including comparisons with a reference result, before its implementation can be recommended. (authors)

  16. Combinatorial theory of the semiclassical evaluation of transport moments. I. Equivalence with the random matrix approach

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Berkolaiko, G., E-mail: berko@math.tamu.edu [Department of Mathematics, Texas A and M University, College Station, Texas 77843-3368 (United States); Kuipers, J., E-mail: Jack.Kuipers@physik.uni-regensburg.de [Institut fr Theoretische Physik, Universitt Regensburg, D-93040 Regensburg (Germany)

    2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    To study electronic transport through chaotic quantum dots, there are two main theoretical approaches. One involves substituting the quantum system with a random scattering matrix and performing appropriate ensemble averaging. The other treats the transport in the semiclassical approximation and studies correlations among sets of classical trajectories. There are established evaluation procedures within the semiclassical evaluation that, for several linear and nonlinear transport moments to which they were applied, have always resulted in the agreement with random matrix predictions. We prove that this agreement is universal: any semiclassical evaluation within the accepted procedures is equivalent to the evaluation within random matrix theory. The equivalence is shown by developing a combinatorial interpretation of the trajectory sets as ribbon graphs (maps) with certain properties and exhibiting systematic cancellations among their contributions. Remaining trajectory sets can be identified with primitive (palindromic) factorisations whose number gives the coefficients in the corresponding expansion of the moments of random matrices. The equivalence is proved for systems with and without time reversal symmetry.

  17. Universality in Similarity Renormalization Group Evolved Potential Matrix Elements and T-Matrix Equivalence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Dainton; R. J. Furnstahl; R. J. Perry

    2014-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

    We examine how the universality of two-nucleon interactions evolved using similarity renormalization group (SRG) transformations correlates with T-matrix equivalence, with the ultimate goal of gaining insight into universality for three-nucleon forces. With sufficient running of the SRG flow equations, the low-energy matrix elements of different realistic potentials evolve to a universal form. Because these potentials are fit to low-energy data, they are (approximately) phase equivalent only up to a certain energy, and we find universality in evolved potentials up to the corresponding momentum. More generally we find universality in local energy regions, reflecting a local decoupling by the SRG. The further requirements for universality in evolved potential matrix elements are explored using two simple alternative potentials. We see evidence that in addition to predicting the same observables, common long-range potentials (i.e., explicit pion physics) is required for universality in the potential matrix elements after SRG flow. In agreement with observations made previously for Vlowk evolution, regions of universal potential matrix elements are restricted to where half-on-shell T-matrix equivalence holds.

  18. Formulating a simplified equivalent representation of distribution circuits for PV impact studies.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reno, Matthew J.; Broderick, Robert Joseph; Grijalva, Santiago [Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA

    2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    With an increasing number of Distributed Generation (DG) being connected on the distribution system, a method for simplifying the complexity of the distribution system to an equivalent representation of the feeder is advantageous for streamlining the interconnection study process. The general characteristics of the system can be retained while reducing the modeling effort required. This report presents a method of simplifying feeders to only specified buses-of-interest. These buses-of-interest can be potential PV interconnection locations or buses where engineers want to verify a certain power quality. The equations and methodology are presented with mathematical proofs of the equivalence of the circuit reduction method. An example 15-bus feeder is shown with the parameters and intermediate example reduction steps to simplify the circuit to 4 buses. The reduced feeder is simulated using PowerWorld Simulator to validate that those buses operate with the same characteristics as the original circuit. Validation of the method is also performed for snapshot and time-series simulations with variable load and solar energy output data to validate the equivalent performance of the reduced circuit with the interconnection of PV.

  19. Measurement of neutron dose equivalent outside and inside of the treatment vault of GRID therapy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Xudong; Charlton, Michael A.; Esquivel, Carlos; Eng, Tony Y.; Li, Ying; Papanikolaou, Nikos [University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, Texas 78229 (United States)] [University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, Texas 78229 (United States)

    2013-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: To evaluate the neutron and photon dose equivalent rates at the treatment vault entrance (H{sub n,D} and H{sub G}), and to study the secondary radiation to the patient in GRID therapy. The radiation activation on the grid was studied.Methods: A Varian Clinac 23EX accelerator was working at 18 MV mode with a grid manufactured by .decimal, Inc. The H{sub n,D} and H{sub G} were measured using an AnderssonBraun neutron REM meter, and a Geiger Mller counter. The radiation activation on the grid was measured after the irradiation with an ion chamber ?-ray survey meter. The secondary radiation dose equivalent to patient was evaluated by etched track detectors and OSL detectors on a RANDO{sup } phantom.Results: Within the measurement uncertainty, there is no significant difference between the H{sub n,D} and H{sub G} with and without a grid. However, the neutron dose equivalent to the patient with the grid is, on average, 35.3% lower than that without the grid when using the same field size and the same amount of monitor unit. The photon dose equivalent to the patient with the grid is, on average, 44.9% lower. The measured average half-life of the radiation activation in the grid is 12.0 (0.9) min. The activation can be categorized into a fast decay component and a slow decay component with half-lives of 3.4 (1.6) min and 15.3 (4.0) min, respectively. There was no detectable radioactive contamination found on the surface of the grid through a wipe test.Conclusions: This work indicates that there is no significant change of the H{sub n,D} and H{sub G} in GRID therapy, compared with a conventional external beam therapy. However, the neutron and scattered photon dose equivalent to the patient decrease dramatically with the grid and can be clinical irrelevant. Meanwhile, the users of a grid should be aware of the possible high dose to the radiation worker from the radiation activation on the surface of the grid. A delay in handling the grid after the beam delivery is suggested.

  20. Measurements of neutron dose equivalent for a proton therapy center using uniform scanning proton beams

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zheng Yuanshui; Liu Yaxi; Zeidan, Omar; Schreuder, Andries Niek; Keole, Sameer [ProCure Proton Therapy Center, 5901 West Memorial Road, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73142 (United States); INTEGRIS Cancer Insititute, 5911 West Memorial Road, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73142 (United States); ProCure Proton Therapy Center, 5901 West Memorial Road, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73142 (United States); ProCure Treatment Centers, 420 North Walnut Street, Bloomington, Indiana 47404 (United States); ProCure Proton Therapy Center, 5901 West Memorial Road, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73142 (United States)

    2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: Neutron exposure is of concern in proton therapy, and varies with beam delivery technique, nozzle design, and treatment conditions. Uniform scanning is an emerging treatment technique in proton therapy, but neutron exposure for this technique has not been fully studied. The purpose of this study is to investigate the neutron dose equivalent per therapeutic dose, H/D, under various treatment conditions for uniform scanning beams employed at our proton therapy center. Methods: Using a wide energy neutron dose equivalent detector (SWENDI-II, ThermoScientific, MA), the authors measured H/D at 50 cm lateral to the isocenter as a function of proton range, modulation width, beam scanning area, collimated field size, and snout position. They also studied the influence of other factors on neutron dose equivalent, such as aperture material, the presence of a compensator, and measurement locations. They measured H/D for various treatment sites using patient-specific treatment parameters. Finally, they compared H/D values for various beam delivery techniques at various facilities under similar conditions. Results: H/D increased rapidly with proton range and modulation width, varying from about 0.2 mSv/Gy for a 5 cm range and 2 cm modulation width beam to 2.7 mSv/Gy for a 30 cm range and 30 cm modulation width beam when 18 Multiplication-Sign 18 cm{sup 2} uniform scanning beams were used. H/D increased linearly with the beam scanning area, and decreased slowly with aperture size and snout retraction. The presence of a compensator reduced the H/D slightly compared with that without a compensator present. Aperture material and compensator material also have an influence on neutron dose equivalent, but the influence is relatively small. H/D varied from about 0.5 mSv/Gy for a brain tumor treatment to about 3.5 mSv/Gy for a pelvic case. Conclusions: This study presents H/D as a function of various treatment parameters for uniform scanning proton beams. For similar treatment conditions, the H/D value per uncollimated beam size for uniform scanning beams was slightly lower than that from a passive scattering beam and higher than that from a pencil beam scanning beam, within a factor of 2. Minimizing beam scanning area could effectively reduce neutron dose equivalent for uniform scanning beams, down to the level close to pencil beam scanning.

  1. Comparison of Space Propulsion Methods for a Manned Mission to Mars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guerra, A G C; Gil, P J S

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We undertake a comparison of the latest developments in propulsion technologies, for a manned mission to Mars. The main objective is to assess the possibility of reducing travel time keeping the mass at departure within bounds. For the sake of comparison we used representative systems of different state of the art or proposed technologies, from the chemical engine to the "Pure Electro-Magnetic Thrust" (PEMT) concept, using a nuclear engine proposed by Rubbia. A mission architecture is suggested, based on existing mission proposals to Mars, to estimate the mass budget that influences the performance of the propulsion system. The trajectory of the spacecraft is determined by a numerical integration of the equations of motion and a partial optimization procedure, for the interplanetary phase with continuous thrust, and by conics and instant manoeuvres in the regions of influence of the departure and arrival planets. Pareto curves of the duration of the mission and time of flight versus mass of mission are drawn....

  2. Preliminary Design of a Manned Nuclear Electric Propulsion Vehicle Using Genetic Algorithms

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Irwin, Ryan W. [School of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907 (United States); Tinker, Michael L. [Spacecraft and Vehicle Systems Department, NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL 35812 (United States)

    2005-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Nuclear electric propulsion (NEP) vehicles will be needed for future manned missions to Mars and beyond. Candidate designs must be identified for further detailed design from a large array of possibilities. Genetic algorithms have proven their utility in conceptual design studies by effectively searching a large design space to pinpoint unique optimal designs. This research combined analysis codes for NEP subsystems with a genetic algorithm. The use of penalty functions with scaling ratios was investigated to increase computational efficiency. Also, the selection of design variables for optimization was considered to reduce computation time without losing beneficial design search space. Finally, trend analysis of a reference mission to the asteroids yielded a group of candidate designs for further analysis.

  3. Gender stereotypes of typical and ideal man, woman and person: the impact of role inferences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rhodes, Nancy Deane

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Housekeeping Mai ntenance of home 1. 40 0. 58 2. 01 0. 82 1. 59 1. 00 0. 225 0. 452 -0. 496 -0. 715 -0. 143 0. 305 9. 19 11. 14 20. 71 22. 76 11. 82 16. 67 4. 38 4. 48 10. 81 7. 71 6. 36 4. 05 7. 09 7. 95 4. 43 2. 76 3. 09 3. 90 Note. Higher numbers... sex, F(2, 121)=3. 23, p&. 05, and target role, F(1, 121)=22. 90, p&. 001. Planned comparisons revealed that the typical man was rated as possessing significantly fewer feminine positive traits than the typical woman, F(1, 121)=6. 53, p&. 01...

  4. Six-Digit Stroke-based Chinese Input Method Lai-Man Po, Chi-Kwan Wong, Yiu-Ki Au, Ka-Ho Ng and Ka-Man Wong

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Po, Lai-Man

    Six-Digit Stroke-based Chinese Input Method Lai-Man Po, Chi-Kwan Wong, Yiu-Ki Au, Ka-Ho Ng and Ka-known stroke- based Chinese input method using only five basic stroke types could achieve low learning curve with a lot of strokes. To tackle this problem, simplified stroke-based Chinese character and phrase coding

  5. Multi-wavelength surface emitting quantum cascade laser based on equivalent phase shift

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, J. C., E-mail: zhangjinchuan@semi.ac.cn; Liu, F. Q., E-mail: fqliu@semi.ac.cn; Yao, D. Y.; Wang, L. J.; Yan, F. L.; Liu, J. Q.; Wang, Z. G. [Institute of Semiconductors, Key Laboratory of Semiconductor Materials Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100083, Peoples Republic of China and Beijing Key Laboratory of Low Dimensional Semiconductor Materials and Devices, Beijing 100083 (China)

    2014-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

    A novel surface emitting distributed feedback quantum cascade laser emitting around ????4.6??m is demonstrated by employing an equivalent phase shift (EPS) of quarter-wave (?/4). The EPS is fabricated through extending one sampling period by 50% in the center of a sampled Bragg grating. Single-lobed far-field radiation pattern with a low divergence angle of about 0.6??16.8 is obtained. Selective single-mode lasing with a mean side mode suppression ratio above 20?dB and wavelength coverage range of 72?nm is achieved simultaneously on a single wafer only by changing the sampling period.

  6. Calculation of extremity neutron fluence-to-dose equivalent conversion factors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wood-Zika, Annmarie Ruth

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ) Figure 4. Comparison of NCRP 38 and Siebert and Schuhmacher quality factors. Table 2. PNNL dose equivalent averaged quality factors (Q). * Phantom Finger Wrist 30 cm ICRU sphere Composition PMMA PMMA Tissue-and-bone Tissue-and-bone PMMA PMMA... Tissue-and-bone Tissue-and-bone PM MA PMMA (???) 'Adapted from reference 53. Source Bare Cf Moderated Cf Bare Cf Moderated Cf Bare Cf Moderated Cf Bare Cf Moderated Cf Bare Cf Moderated Cf 9. 2 9. 7 9. 2 9. 7 9. 4 9. 7 9. 4 9. 7 10...

  7. Casimir Friction in Terms of Moving Harmonic Oscillators: Equivalence Between Two Different Formulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johan S. Hye; Iver Brevik

    2011-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

    The Casimir friction problem can be dealt with in a simplified way by considering two harmonic oscillators moving with constant relative velocity. Recently we calculated the energy dissipation for such a case, [EPL {\\bf 91}, 60003 (2010); Europ. Phys. J. D {\\bf 61}, 335 (2011)]. A recent study of Barton [New J. Phys. {\\bf 12}, 113044 (2010)] seemingly leads to a different result for the dissipation. If such a discrepancy really were true, it would imply a delicate difficulty for the basic theory of Casimir friction. In the present note we show that the expressions for the dissipation are in fact physically equivalent, at T=0.

  8. Null Result for the Violation of Equivalence Principle with Free-Fall Rotating Gyroscopes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luo, J; Zhang, Y Z; Zhou, Z B

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The differential acceleration between a rotating mechanical gyroscope and a non-rotating one is directly measured by using a double free-fall interferometer, and no apparent differential acceleration has been observed at the relative level of 2x10{-6}. It means that the equivalence principle is still valid for rotating extended bodies, i.e., the spin-gravity interaction between the extended bodies has not been observed at this level. Also, to the limit of our experimental sensitivity, there is no observed asymmetrical effect or anti-gravity of the rotating gyroscopes as reported by hayasaka et al.

  9. A Lorentz-Poincar type interpretation of the Weak Equivalence Principle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jan; Broekaert

    2007-03-22T23:59:59.000Z

    The validity of the Weak Equivalence Principle relative to a local inertial frame is detailed in a scalar-vector gravitation model with Lorentz-Poincar\\'e type interpretation. Given the previously established first Post-Newtonian concordance of dynamics with General Relativity, the principle is to this order compatible with GRT. The gravitationally modified Lorentz transformations, on which the observations in physical coordinates depend, are shown to provide a physical interpretation of \\emph{parallel transport}. A development of ``geodesic'' deviation in terms of the present model is given as well.

  10. Noise Equivalent Counts Based Emission Image Reconstruction Algorithm of Tomographic Gamma Scanning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ke Wang; Zheng Li; Wei Feng; Dong Han

    2014-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Tomographic Gamma Scanning (TGS) is a technique used to assay the nuclide distribution and radioactivity in nuclear waste drums. Both transmission and emission scans are performed in TGS and the transmission image is used for the attenuation correction in emission reconstructions. The error of the transmission image, which is not considered by the existing reconstruction algorithms, negatively affects the final results. An emission reconstruction method based on Noise Equivalent Counts (NEC) is presented. Noises from the attenuation image are concentrated to the projection data to apply the NEC Maximum-Likelihood Expectation-Maximization algorithm. Experiments are performed to verify the effectiveness of the proposed method.

  11. All maps equivalent to a given map, completely positive or not

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yong-Cheng Ou; Mark S. Byrd

    2010-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

    A dynamical map is a map which takes one density operator to another. Such a map can be written in an operator-sum representation (OSR) using a spectral decomposition. The method of the construction applies to more general maps which need not be completely positive. The OSR not unique; there is a freedom to choose the set of operators in the OSR differently, yet still obtain the same map. Here we identify all maps which are equivalent to a given map. Whereas the freedom for completely positive maps is unitary, the freedom for maps which are not necessarily completely positive is pseudo-unitary.

  12. XRD, lead equivalent and UV-VIS properties study of Ce and Pr lead silicate glasses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alias, Nor Hayati, E-mail: norhayati@nuclearmalaysia.gov.my; Abdullah, Wan Shafie Wan, E-mail: norhayati@nuclearmalaysia.gov.my; Isa, Norriza Mohd, E-mail: norhayati@nuclearmalaysia.gov.my; Isa, Muhammad Jamal Md, E-mail: norhayati@nuclearmalaysia.gov.my; Zali, Nurazila Mat; Abdullah, Nuhaslinda Ee [Malaysian Nuclear Agency, 43000, Bangi, Kajang, Selangor (Malaysia); Muhammad, Azali [Malaysian Society for Non-Destructive Testing (Malaysia)

    2014-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

    In this work, Cerium (Ce) and Praseodymium (Pr) containing lead silicate glasses were produced with 2 different molar ratios low (0.2 wt%) and high (0.4wt%). These types of glasses can satisfy the characteristics required for radiation shielding glasses and minimize the lead composition in glass. The radiation shielding properties of the synthesized glasses is explained in the form of lead equivalent study. The XRD diffraction and UV-VIS analysis were performed to observe the structural changes of the synthesis glasses at 1.5 Gy gamma radiation exposures.

  13. Development of an optimal anisotropic responding (OAR) dosimeter for two-dosimeter dosimetry for better estimation of effective dose equivalent (He) and the impact of dosimeter misposition on estimating effective dose equivalent using isotropic dosimeters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Han, Hsiang-Jung

    2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

    A single dosimeter is commonly worn on a radiation worker's chest to monitor radiation exposure. However, when a radiation worker is exposed to a posterior photon beam, effective dose equivalent (HE) can be severely underestimated using a single...

  14. Image-Set Matching using a Geodesic Distance and Cohort Normalization Yui Man Lui, J. Ross Beveridge, Bruce A. Draper

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Draper, Bruce A.

    Image-Set Matching using a Geodesic Distance and Cohort Normalization Yui Man Lui, J. Ross are viewed as points on a Grassmann manifold, then geodesic distance on the manifold becomes the natural way-known image-set matching algorithm, Mutual Subspace Method (MSM), which does not use geodesic dis- tance

  15. Power Supply Optimization in Sub-130 nm Leakage Dominant Technologies Man L Mui Kaustav Banerjee Amit Mehrotra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Power Supply Optimization in Sub-130 nm Leakage Dominant Technologies Man L Mui Kaustav Banerjee a methodology for systematically optimizing the power supply voltage for maximizing the performance of VLSI cir- cuits in technologies where leakage power is not an insignificant fraction of the total power

  16. John Henry was a steel-drivin man... John Henry worked on the railroad, he drove steel. This consisted of driv-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rao, Satish

    of men to build. One day, a man brought a steam engine to the tunnel and said it could drive steel better than any man. So, a contest was made between John Henry and the steam engine.. For twelve long hours, John Henry hammered and the steam engine drilled. At the end, the tape was brought in to measure

  17. ~15IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS. MAN. AND CYBERNETICS. YOlo SMc-13. No.5. SEPTEMBER/OCTOBER 1~83 MICHAEL A. COHEN ANDSTEPHEN GROSSBERG

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grossberg, Stephen

    ~15IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS. MAN. AND CYBERNETICS. YOlo SMc-13. No.5. SEPTEMBER/OCTOBER 1-9472/83/0900-0815$01.00@1983IEEE #12;816 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS. MAN. AND CYBERNETICS. YOLo SMC.13. NO. S. S

  18. Full-wave analysis of superconducting microstrip lines on anisotropic substrates using equivalent surface impedance approach

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, L.H.; Lyons, W.G.; Orlando, T.P.; Ali, S.M. (Massachusetts Inst. of Tech., Cambridge, MA (United States). Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science); Lyons, W.G. (Massachusetts Inst. of Tech., Lexington, MA (United States). Lincoln Lab.); Withers, R.S. (Conductus, Inc., Sunnyvale, CA (United States))

    1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A computationally efficient full-wave technique is developed to analyze single and coupled superconducting microstrip lines on anisotropic substrates. The optic axis of the dielectric is in the plane of the substrate at an arbitrary angle with respect to the propagation direction. A dyadic Green's function for layered, anisotropic media is used to formulate an integral equation for the current in the strips. To increase the efficiency of the method, the superconducting strips are replaced by equivalent surface impedances which account for the loss and kinetic inductance of the superconductors. The validity of this equivalent surface impedance (ESI) approach is verified by comparing the calculated complex propagation constant and characteristic impedance for superconducting microstrip lines on an isotropic substrate to measured results, and to numerical results by the more rigorous volume-integral equation method. The results calculated using the ESI approach for perfectly conducting coupled lines on an anisotropic substrate agree with the results by the finite-difference time-domain method. This efficient ESI technique is then used to study the effects of the optic axis orientation and the strip width on the characteristics of single and coupled superconducting microstrip lines on M-plane sapphire. The effects of the line separation and operating temperature on the coupled lines are also investigated.

  19. Euler-Bernoulli beams from a symmetry standpoint-characterization of equivalent equations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soh, C Wafo

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We completely solve the equivalence problem for Euler-Bernoulli equation using Lie symmetry analysis. We show that the quotient of the symmetry Lie algebra of the Bernoulli equation by the infinite-dimensional Lie algebra spanned by solution symmetries is a representation of one of the following Lie algebras: $2A_1$, $A_1\\oplus A_2$, $3A_1$, or $A_{3,3}\\oplus A_1$. Each quotient symmetry Lie algebra determines an equivalence class of Euler-Bernoulli equations. Save for the generic case corresponding to arbitrary lineal mass density and flexural rigidity, we characterize the elements of each class by giving a determined set of differential equations satisfied by physical parameters (lineal mass density and flexural rigidity). For each class, we provide a simple representative and we explicitly construct transformations that maps a class member to its representative. The maximally symmetric class described by the four-dimensional quotient symmetry Lie algebra $A_{3,3}\\oplus A_1$ corresponds to Euler-Bernoulli e...

  20. The improvement of the method of equivalent cross section in HTR

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guo, J.; Li, F. [Inst. of Nuclear and New Energy Technology, Tsinghua Univ., Beijing 100084 (China)

    2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Method of Equivalence Cross-Sections (MECS) is a combined transport-diffusion method. By appropriately adjusting the diffusion coefficient of homogenized absorber region, the diffusion theory could yield satisfactory results for the full core model with strong neutron absorber material, for example the control rod in High temperature gas cooled reactor (HTR). Original implementation of MECS based on 1-D cell transport model has some limitation on accuracy and applicability, a new implementation of MECS based on 2-D transport model are proposed and tested in this paper. This improvement can extend the MECS to the calculation of twin small absorber ball system which have a non-circular boring in graphite reflector and different radial position. A least-square algorithm for the calculation of equivalent diffusion coefficient is adopted, and special treatment for diffusion coefficient for higher energy group is proposed in the case that absorber is absent. Numerical results to adopt MECS into control rod calculation in HTR are encouraging. However, there are some problems left. (authors)

  1. Does the Equivalence between Gravitational Mass and Energy Survive for a Composite Quantum Body?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrei G. Lebed

    2014-04-14T23:59:59.000Z

    We define passive and active gravitational mass operators of the simplest composite quantum body - a hydrogen atom. Although they do not commute with its energy operator, the equivalence between the expectation values of passive and active gravitational masses and energy is shown to survive for stationary quantum states. In our calculations of passive gravitational mass operator, we take into account not only kinetic and Coulomb potential energies but also the so-called relativistic corrections to electron motion in a hydrogen atom. Inequivalence between passive and active gravitational masses and energy at a macroscopic level is demonstrated to reveal itself as time dependent oscillations of the expectation values of the gravitational masses for superpositions of stationary quantum states. Breakdown of the equivalence between passive gravitational mass and energy at a microscopic level reveals itself as unusual electromagnetic radiation, emitted by macroscopic ensemble of hydrogen atoms, moved by small spacecraft with constant velocity in the Earth's gravitational field. We suggest the corresponding experiment on the Earth's orbit to detect this radiation, which would be the first direct experiment where quantum effects in general relativity are observed.

  2. Calculation of Ambient (H*(10)) and Personal (Hp(10)) Dose Equivalent from a 252Cf Neutron Source

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Traub, Richard J.

    2010-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this calculation is to calculate the neutron dose factors for the Sr-Cf-3000 neutron source that is located in the 318 low scatter room (LSR). The dose factors were based on the dose conversion factors published in ICRP-21 Appendix 6, and the Ambient dose equivalent (H*(10)) and Personal dose equivalent (Hp(10)) dose factors published in ICRP Publication 74.

  3. Equivalent circuit analysis applied to the investigation of the driving point impedance of a chemical high frequency analytical instrument

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dausin, Lawrence Raymond

    1958-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    LIBRARY A 4 N COLLESE OF TEXAS EQUIVALENT CIRCUIT ANALZSIS APPLIED TO THE ZNVESTIQATION OF THE DRZVINQ POZNT IMPEDANCE OF A CHEMICAL HIQH FREQUENCE AN ALTTZC AL INSTRUMENT A Thesis Laurence Raymond Dausin Subnitted to the Qraduate Sohool... of the Agrioultural and Hechanical College of Texas in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of RASTER OF SCIENCE January 1958 Na J or Sub J eat I Electrioa1 Engineering EQUIVALENT CIRCUIT ANALTSIS APPLIH) TO THE INVESTIGATION OF THE DRIVING...

  4. Processing gravity gradiometer data using an equivalent source technique Gravity and Magnetics Research Consortium, Department of Geophysics, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Processing gravity gradiometer data using an equivalent source technique Yaoguo Li Gravity The inherent relationship among the different components of gravity gradiometer data requires filtering operation on the constructed equivalent source. Introduction Gravity gradiometer data measure

  5. Man B&W introduces new big-bore, two-stroke diesel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The new K98MC-C model introduced by MAN B&W Diesel A/S marks a return to the 980 mm bore class engine. A new market for this class of engine comes from the higher power requirements of faster container ships. The new K98MC-C design is effectively a larger version of the K98MC/MC-C series. The key operating criteria for the K98MC-C engine are similar to those of the other MC engines, notably a mean effective pressure of 18.2 bar and a mean piston speed of 8.32 m/sec. A propeller speed measurement of 104 r/min was selected as the design basis, resulting in a stroke/bore ratio of 2.45 and a cylinder output of 5710 kW. The K98MC-C engine will be available on nine-, 10-, 11-, and 12-cylinder versions, yielding an output of up to 68 520 kW at 104 r/min. 1 fig., 1 tab.

  6. Convergence analysis of a CMFD method based on generalized equivalence theory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xu, Y. [Argonne National Laboratory, Bldg. 208, 9700 South Case Ave., Argonne, IL 60439 (United States); Downar, T. [Dept. of Nuclear Engineering and Radiological Sciences, Univ. of Michigan, 2355 Bonisteel Blvd, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2104 (United States)

    2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    CMFD acceleration methods have been successful in reducing the computational burden for steady-state and transient reactor calculations. However, recent work on a complex coupled code BWR ATWS event has exposed possible issues with the stability of the CMFD method when standard CMFD methods are used. During the simulation of the ATWS boron injection event in the BWR, the PARCS code failed to converge with the existing CMFD method. A new CMFD method based on generalized equivalence theory was developed and the PARCS solution converged for the same ATWS event. This paper presents the new method and a detailed analytic and numerical convergence analysis. The results show that the new CMFD converges for all possible cross sections combinations anticipated in Light Water Reactor simulation and unlike existing CMFD methods, it is very robust even when the initial guess is far from final true solution. (authors)

  7. Clinical prototype of a plastic water-equivalent scintillating fiber dosimeter array for QA applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lacroix, Frederic; Archambault, Louis; Gingras, Luc; Guillot, Mathieu; Beddar, A. Sam; Beaulieu, Luc [Departement de Physique, de Genie Physique et d'Optique, Universite Laval, Quebec, Quebec, G1K 7P4 (Canada) and Departement de Radio-Oncologie, Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec, Quebec, Quebec G1R2J6 (Canada); Department of Radiation Physics, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030 (United States); Departement de Physique, de Genie Physique et d'Optique, Universite Laval, Quebec, Quebec G1K 7P4 (Canada) and Departement de Radio-Oncologie, Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec, Quebec, Quebec G1R2J6 (Canada); Department of Radiation Physics, University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas 77030 (United States); Departement de Physique, de Genie Physique et d'Optique, Universite Laval, Quebec, Quebec, G1K 7P4 (Canada) and Departement de Radio-Oncologie, Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec, Quebec, Quebec G1R2J6 (Canada)

    2008-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A clinical prototype of a scintillating fiber dosimeter array for quality assurance applications is presented. The array consists of a linear array of 29 plastic scintillation detectors embedded in a water-equivalent plastic sheet coupled to optical fibers used to guide optical photons to a charge coupled device (CCD) camera. The CCD is packaged in a light-tight, radiation-shielded housing designed for convenient transport. A custom designed connector is used to ensure reproducible mechanical positioning of the optical fibers relative to the CCD. Profile and depth dose characterization measurements are presented and show that the prototype provides excellent dose measurement reproducibility ({+-}0.8%) in-field and good accuracy ({+-}1.6% maximum deviation) relative to the dose measured with an IC10 ionization chamber.

  8. Tunneling through equivalent multihumped fission barriers: Some implications for the actinide nuclei

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bhandari, B.S.; Al-Kharam, A.S.

    1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A comparison of the penetrabilities calculated in the Wentzel-Kramers-Brillouin approximation through equivalent multihumped fission barriers shows that the penetrability saturates to its maximum value much more slowly for a three-humped potential than that for comparable two-humped and single-humped potentials. An analysis of the slopes of the near-barrier photofission cross sections of actinides yields results that can be understood in terms of the predicted potential barrier shapes for these nuclei, and thus provides evidence in support of resolving the ''thorium anomaly'' along the lines suggested by Moeller and Nix. Our results further indicate that the uranium nuclei, and in particular /sup 236/U, may more likely exhibit three-humped potential shapes in which the apparent consequences of both the second and third minima may be observable.

  9. Weak equivalence principle for self-gravitating bodies: A sieve for purely metric theories of gravity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eolo Di Casola; Stefano Liberati; Sebastiano Sonego

    2014-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose the almost-geodesic motion of self-gravitating test bodies as a possible selection rule among metric theories of gravity. Starting from a heuristic statement, the "gravitational weak equivalence principle", we build a formal, operative test able to probe the validity of the principle for any metric theory of gravity, in an arbitrary number of spacetime dimensions. We show that, if the theory admits a well-posed variational formulation, this test singles out only the purely metric theories of gravity. This conclusion reproduces known results in the cases of general relativity (also with a cosmological constant term), and scalar-tensor theories, but extends also to debated or unknown scenarios, such as f(R) and Lanczos-Lovelock theories. We thus provide new tools going beyond the standard methods, where the latter turn out to be inconclusive or inapplicable.

  10. Determination of explosive blast loading equivalencies with an explosively driven shock tube

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jackson, Scott I [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Hill, Larry G [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Morris, John S [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recently there has been significant interest in evaluating the potential of many different non-ideal energetic materials to cause blast damage. We present a method intended to quantitatively compare the blast loading generated by different energetic materials through use of an explosively driven shock tube. The test explosive is placed at the closed breech end of the tube and initiated with a booster charge. The resulting shock waves are then contained and focused by the tube walls to form a quasi-one-dimensional blast wave. Pressure transducers along the tube wall measure the blast overpressure versus distance from the source and allow the use of the one-dimensional blast scaling relationship to determine the energy deposited into the blast wave per unit mass of test explosive. These values are then compared for different explosives of interest and to other methods of equivalency determination.

  11. Lineal energy calibration of mini tissue-equivalent gas-proportional counters (TEPC)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Conte, V.; Moro, D.; Colautti, P. [LNL-INFN, viale dell'Universita 2, I-35020 Legnaro (Italy); Grosswendt, B. [guest at LNL-INFN (Italy)

    2013-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Mini TEPCs are cylindrical gas proportional counters of 1 mm or less of sensitive volume diameter. The lineal energy calibration of these tiny counters can be performed with an external gamma-ray source. However, to do that, first a method to get a simple and precise spectral mark has to be found and then the keV/{mu}m value of this mark. A precise method (less than 1% of uncertainty) to identify this markis described here, and the lineal energy value of this mark has been measured for different simulated site sizes by using a {sup 137}Cs gamma source and a cylindrical TEPC equipped with a precision internal {sup 244}Cm alpha-particle source, and filled with propane-based tissue-equivalent gas mixture. Mini TEPCs can be calibrated in terms of lineal energy, by exposing them to {sup 137}Cesium sources, with an overall uncertainty of about 5%.

  12. Solvent Blending Strategy to Upgrade MCU CSSX Solvent to Equivalent Next-Generation CSSX Solvent

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Delmau, Laetitia Helene [ORNL; Moyer, Bruce A [ORNL

    2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The results of the present study have validated an equal-volume blending strategy for upgrading freshly prepared CSSX solvent to a blended solvent functionally equivalent to NG-CSSX solvent. It is shown that blending fresh CSSX solvent as currently used in MCU with an equal volume of an NG-CSSX solvent concentrate of appropriate composition yields a blended solvent composition (46.5 mM of MaxCalix, 3.5 mM of BOBCalixC6, 0.5 M of Cs-7SB, 3 mM of guanidine suppressor, and 1.5 mM of TOA in Isopar L) that exhibits equivalent batch ESS performance to that of the NG-CSSX solvent containing 50 mM of MaxCalix, 0.5 M of Cs-7SB, and 3 mM of guanidine suppressor in Isopar L. The solvent blend composition is robust to third-phase formation. Results also show that a blend containing up to 60% v/v of CSSX solvent could be accommodated with minimal risk. Extraction and density data for the effect of solvent concentration mimicking diluent evaporation or over-dilution of the equal-volume blended solvent are also given, providing input for setting operational limits. Given that the experiments employed all pristine chemicals, the results do not qualify a blended solvent starting with actual used MCU solvent, which can be expected to have undergone some degree of degradation. Consequently, further work should be considered to evaluate this risk and implement appropriate remediation if needed.

  13. IMPACT Vol. 5 No. 1 | Spring 2010 CLeAn eneRGy DeMAnDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hill, Wendell T.

    IMPACT Vol. 5 No. 1 | Spring 2010 CLeAn eneRGy DeMAnDS: SCienCe, innovATion, PUBLiC PoLiCy Maryland on foreign oil and become the world leader in tomorrow's clean-energy economy," says Steve Fetter, a former researchers shape the new energy economy #12;impact overview impact overview EnErgy rEsEarcH EnErgy r

  14. Identification of a Pool of Non-Pumping Na/K-ATPase* Man Liang1,3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brand, Paul H.

    Identification of a Pool of Non-Pumping Na/K-ATPase* Man Liang1,3 , Jiang Tian1,3 , Lijun Liu1 Title: Non-pumping Na/K-ATPase 4 To whom correspondence should be addressed: Zi-Jian Xie, Ph-383-4182; FAX: 419-383-2871 E-mail: zxie@meduohio.edu Summary Recent studies have ascribed many non-pumping

  15. CaveMan Version 3.0: A Software System for SPR Cavern Pressure Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    BALLARD,SANFORD; EHGARTNER,BRIAN L.

    2000-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The U. S. Department of Energy Strategic Petroleum Reserve currently has approximately 500 million barrels of crude oil stored in 62 caverns solution-mined in salt domes along the Gulf Coast of Louisiana and Texas. One of the challenges of operating these caverns is ensuring that none of the fluids in the caverns are leaking into the environment. The current approach is to test the mechanical integrity of all the wells entering each cavern approximately once every five years. An alternative approach to detecting cavern leaks is to monitor the cavern pressure, since leaking fluid would act to reduce cavern pressure. Leak detection by pressure monitoring is complicated by other factors that influence cavern pressure, the most important of which are thermal expansion and contraction of the fluids in the cavern as they come into thermal equilibrium with the host salt, and cavern volume reduction due to salt creep. Cavern pressure is also influenced by cavern enlargement resulting from salt dissolution following introduction of raw water or unsaturated brine into the cavern. However, this effect only lasts for a month or two following a fluid injection. In order to implement a cavern pressure monitoring program, a software program called CaveMan has been developed. It includes thermal, creep and salt dissolution models and is able to predict the cavern pressurization rate based on the operational history of the cavern. Many of the numerous thermal and mechanical parameters in the model have been optimized to produce the best match between the historical data and the model predictions. Future measurements of cavern pressure are compared to the model predictions, and significant differences in cavern pressure set program flags that notify cavern operators of a potential problem. Measured cavern pressures that are significantly less than those predicted by the model may indicate the existence of a leak.

  16. An epidermal equivalent assay for identification and ranking potency of contact sensitizers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gibbs, Susan, E-mail: S.Gibbs@VUMC.nl [Department of Dermatology, VU University Medical Centre, Dept of Oral Cell Biology, ACTA, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Corsini, Emanuela [Laboratory of Toxicology, DiSFeB, Universit degli Studi di Milano (Italy); Spiekstra, Sander W. [Department of Dermatology, VU University Medical Centre, Dept of Oral Cell Biology, ACTA, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Galbiati, Valentina [Laboratory of Toxicology, DiSFeB, Universit degli Studi di Milano (Italy); Fuchs, Horst W. [CellSystems GmbH, Troisdorf (Germany); DeGeorge, George; Troese, Matthew [MB Research Labs, Spinnerstown, PA (United States); Hayden, Patrick; Deng, Wei [MatTek Corporation, Ashland, MA (United States); Roggen, Erwin [3Rs Management and Consultancy (Denmark)

    2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this study was to explore the possibility of combining the epidermal equivalent (EE) potency assay with the assay which assesses release of interleukin-18 (IL-18) to provide a single test for identification and classification of skin sensitizing chemicals, including chemicals of low water solubility or stability. A protocol was developed using different 3D-epidermal models including in house VUMC model, epiCS (previously EST1000), MatTek EpiDerm and SkinEthic RHE and also the impact of different vehicles (acetone:olive oil 4:1, 1% DMSO, ethanol, water) was investigated. Following topical exposure for 24 h to 17 contact allergens and 13 non-sensitizers a robust increase in IL-18 release was observed only after exposure to contact allergens. A putative prediction model is proposed from data obtained from two laboratories yielding 95% accuracy. Correlating the in vitro EE sensitizer potency data, which assesses the chemical concentration which results in 50% cytotoxicity (EE-EC{sub 50}) with human and animal data showed a superior correlation with human DSA{sub 05} (?g/cm{sup 2}) data (Spearman r = 0.8500; P value (two-tailed) = 0.0061) compared to LLNA data (Spearman r = 0.5968; P value (two-tailed) = 0.0542). DSA{sub 05} = induction dose per skin area that produces a positive response in 5% of the tested population Also a good correlation was observed for release of IL-18 (SI-2) into culture supernatants with human DSA{sub 05} data (Spearman r = 0.8333; P value (two-tailed) = 0.0154). This easily transferable human in vitro assay appears to be very promising, but additional testing of a larger chemical set with the different EE models is required to fully evaluate the utility of this assay and to establish a definitive prediction model. - Highlights: A potential epidermal equivalent assay to label and classify sensitizers Il-18 release distinguishes sensitizers from non sensitizers IL-18 release can rank sensitizer potency EC50 (chemical concentration causing 50% decrease in cell viability) ranks potency In vitro: human DSA{sub 05} correlation is better than in vitro: LLNA correlation.

  17. Matrix analysis applied to the equivalent circuits of ?, , and o-components of three-phase systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuo, Marshall Chuan Yung

    1958-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    LIBRARY i Ii R COLLEGE OF IEXAO MATlUX ANALYSIS APPLIED TO THE EQUIVALENT CIRCUITS OF , P, AND 0 COMPONENTS OF THREE-PHASE SYSTEMS A Theeie MARSHALL CHUAN YUNG KUO b ~ Submitted to the Graduate School of the Agricnltaral and Mechaaical... College of Tenas ln partial fnlfillment of the reqniremente for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1958 Ms(or Sub)ect: Electrical Engineering LIBRARY A 4 M COLLEGE OF TEXAS MATRIX ANALYSIS APPLIED TO THE EQUIVALENT CIRCUITS OF g, p, AND 0...

  18. Developing a risk management "flight simulator" for manned space programs : a user interface to a system dynamic simulation of system safety at NASA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Friedenthal, Stephen R. (Stephen Roger)

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Simulators are a staple of any engineering project and manned space flight in particular. From pilot and crew training to maintenance and emergency repairs, very little is done without it first being thoroughly practiced ...

  19. Turing-equivalent automata using a fixed-size quantum memory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yakaryilmaz, Abuzer

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, we introduce a new public quantum interactive proof system and the first quantum alternating Turing machine: qAM proof system and qATM, respectively. Both are obtained from their classical counterparts (Arthur-Merlin proof system and alternating Turing machine, respectively,) by augmenting them with a fixed-size quantum register. We focus on space-bounded computation, and obtain the following surprising results: Both of them with constant-space are Turing-equivalent. More specifically, we show that for any Turing-recognizable language, there exists a constant-space weak-qAM system, (the nonmembers do not need to be rejected with high probability), and we show that any Turing-recognizable language can be recognized by a constant-space qATM even with one-way input head. For strong proof systems, where the nonmembers must be rejected with high probability, we show that the known space-bounded classical private protocols can also be simulated by our public qAM system with the same space bound. Besi...

  20. The Electromagnetic Quantum Gravity Theory On Quantum Inertia and the Einstein Principle of Equivalence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ostoma, T; Ostoma, Tom; Trushyk, Mike

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    On a new approach to quantum gravity called Electro-Magnetic Quantum Gravity (EMQG) which is manifestly compatible with Cellular Automata (CA) theory and is based on a new theory of inertia (ref. 5) proposed by R. Haisch, A. Rueda, and H. Puthoff (which we modified and called Quantum Inertia). Newtonian Inertia is due to the strictly local electrical force interactions of matter with the surrounding charged virtual particles of the quantum vacuum. The sum of all the tiny electrical forces originating from each charged particle in the mass with respect to the vacuum, is the source of the total inertial force of a mass which opposes accelerated motion in Newton's law 'F = MA'. The problems and paradoxes of accelerated motion introduced in Mach's principle are solved by suggesting that the state of acceleration of the charged virtual particles of the quantum vacuum (with respect to a mass) serves as Newton's universal reference frame for the mass. Einstein's principle of equivalence of inertial and gravitational...

  1. Expanded solar-system limits on violations of the equivalence principle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James Overduin; Jack Mitcham; Zoey Warecki

    2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Most attempts to unify general relativity with the standard model of particle physics predict violations of the equivalence principle associated in some way with the composition of the test masses. We test this idea by using observational uncertainties in the positions and motions of solar-system bodies to set upper limits on possible differences $\\Delta$ between the gravitational and inertial mass of each body. For suitable pairs of objects, it is possible to constrain three different linear combinations of $\\Delta$ using Kepler's third law, the migration of stable Lagrange points, and orbital polarization (the Nordtvedt effect). Limits of order $10^{-10}-10^{-6}$ on $\\Delta$ for individual bodies can then be derived from planetary and lunar ephemerides, Cassini observations of the Saturn system, and observations of Jupiter's Trojan asteroids as well as recently discovered Trojan companions around the Earth, Mars, Neptune, and Saturnian moons. These results can be combined with models for elemental abundances in each body to test for composition-dependent violations of the universality of free fall in the solar system. The resulting limits are weaker than those from laboratory experiments, but span a larger volume in composition space.

  2. Violation of the Equivalence Principle in the light of the SNO and SK solar neutrino results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amitava Raychaudhuri; Arunansu Sil

    2001-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

    The SNO result on charged current deuteron disintegration, the SuperKamiokande 1258-day data on electron scattering, and other solar neutrino results are used to revisit the model of neutrino oscillations driven by a violation of the equivalence principle. We use a chisq minimization technique to examine oscillation between the nu(e) and another active neutrino, both massless, and find that within the Standard Solar Model the fit to the SNO and SuperKamiokande spectra are moderately good while a very good fit is obtained when the absolute normalizations of the 8B and hep neutrino fluxes are allowed to vary. The best fit prefers large, but not maximal, mixing, essentially no hep neutrinos, and a 40% reduction in the 8B neutrino flux. The fit to the total rates from the different experiments is not encouraging but when the rates and spectra are considerd together the situation is much improved. We remark on the expectations of the VEP model for the neutral current measurements at SNO.

  3. 72657Federal Register / Vol. 72, No. 245 / Friday, December 21, 2007 / Proposed Rules lease in million barrels of oil equivalent

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in million barrels of oil equivalent (MMBOE): Water depth Minimum royalty sus- pension volume (MMBOE) (1) 200 of paragraph (b) are revised to read as follows: § 260.124 How will royalty suspension apply if MMS assigns establish a royalty suspension volume for a field as a result of an approved application for royalty relief

  4. Theory of hydro-equivalent ignition for inertial fusion and its applications to OMEGA and the National Ignition Facility

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nora, R.; Betti, R.; Bose, A.; Woo, K. M.; Christopherson, A. R.; Meyerhofer, D. D. [Laboratory for Laser Energetics, University of Rochester, 250 East River Road, Rochester, New York 14623-1299 (United States); Fusion Science Center, University of Rochester, 250 East River Road, Rochester, New York 14623-1299 (United States); Department of Physics and/or Mechanical Engineering, University of Rochester, 250 East River Road, Rochester, New York 14623-1299 (United States); Anderson, K. S.; Shvydky, A.; Marozas, J. A.; Collins, T. J. B.; Radha, P. B.; Hu, S. X.; Epstein, R.; Marshall, F. J.; Sangster, T. C. [Laboratory for Laser Energetics, University of Rochester, 250 East River Road, Rochester, New York 14623-1299 (United States); McCrory, R. L. [Laboratory for Laser Energetics, University of Rochester, 250 East River Road, Rochester, New York 14623-1299 (United States); Department of Physics and/or Mechanical Engineering, University of Rochester, 250 East River Road, Rochester, New York 14623-1299 (United States)

    2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The theory of ignition for inertial confinement fusion capsules [R. Betti et al., Phys. Plasmas 17, 058102 (2010)] is used to assess the performance requirements for cryogenic implosion experiments on the Omega Laser Facility. The theory of hydrodynamic similarity is developed in both one and two dimensions and tested using multimode hydrodynamic simulations with the hydrocode DRACO [P. B. Radha et al., Phys. Plasmas 12, 032702 (2005)] of hydro-equivalent implosions (implosions with the same implosion velocity, adiabat, and laser intensity). The theory is used to scale the performance of direct-drive OMEGA implosions to the National Ignition Facility (NIF) energy scales and determine the requirements for demonstrating hydro-equivalent ignition on OMEGA. Hydro-equivalent ignition on OMEGA is represented by a cryogenic implosion that would scale to ignition on the NIF at 1.8?MJ of laser energy symmetrically illuminating the target. It is found that a reasonable combination of neutron yield and areal density for OMEGA hydro-equivalent ignition is 3 to 6??10{sup 13} and ?0.3?g/cm{sup 2}, respectively, depending on the level of laser imprinting. This performance has not yet been achieved on OMEGA.

  5. 146 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INSTRUMENTATION AND MEASUREMENT, VOL. 56, NO. 1, FEBRUARY 2007 Identifying the Magnetic Part of the Equivalent

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    , multiwinding transformer, short-circuit compensation. I. INTRODUCTION IN POWER electronic converters, wound and current transformations, and electrical insulation. In medium and low-power converters, operating fre the Magnetic Part of the Equivalent Circuit of n-Winding Transformers Xavier Margueron and Jean Pierre Keradec

  6. Dye-sensitized solar cells based on a nanoparticle/nanotube bilayer structure and their equivalent circuit analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Zhiqun

    Dye-sensitized solar cells based on a nanoparticle/nanotube bilayer structure and their equivalent 2011, Accepted 1st December 2011 DOI: 10.1039/c2nr11617k Dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) were to become an essential component of future global energy production. Dye sensitized solar cells (DSSCs)1

  7. 14 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRY APPLICATIONS, VOL. 43, NO. 1, JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2007 Design of Equivalent Circuits and Characterization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    . To reach this goal, accurate models of every component are needed. From these components, transformers applicable in practical situations. A transformer generally has good power efficiency, thus its equivalent system is presented and the leakage transformer concept is introduced. The obtained circuits allow easy

  8. A hybrid model for particle transport and electron energy distributions in positive column electrical discharges using equivalent species transport

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kushner, Mark

    A hybrid model for particle transport and electron energy distributions in positive column electrical discharges using equivalent species transport Fred Y. Huanga) and Mark J. Kushnerb) Departm&t of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Illinois, 1406 West Green Street, Urbana, Illinois 61801

  9. Strong quantum violation of the gravitational weak equivalence principle by a non-Gaussian wave-packet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. Chowdhury; D. Home; A. S. Majumdar; S. V. Mousavi; M. R. Mozaffari; S. Sinha

    2011-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

    The weak equivalence principle of gravity is examined at the quantum level in two ways. First, the position detection probabilities of particles described by a non-Gaussian wave-packet projected upwards against gravity around the classical turning point and also around the point of initial projection are calculated. These probabilities exhibit mass-dependence at both these points, thereby reflecting the quantum violation of the weak equivalence principle. Secondly, the mean arrival time of freely falling particles is calculated using the quantum probability current, which also turns out to be mass dependent. Such a mass-dependence is shown to be enhanced by increasing the non-Gaussianity parameter of the wave packet, thus signifying a stronger violation of the weak equivalence principle through a greater departure from Gaussianity of the initial wave packet. The mass-dependence of both the position detection probabilities and the mean arrival time vanish in the limit of large mass. Thus, compatibility between the weak equivalence principle and quantum mechanics is recovered in the macroscopic limit of the latter. A selection of Bohm trajectories is exhibited to illustrate these features in the free fall case.

  10. Norton Collector Circuit The Norton equivalent circuit seen looking into the collector can be used to solve for the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leach Jr.,W. Marshall

    Norton Collector Circuit The Norton equivalent circuit seen looking into the collector can be used with Thvenin sources connected to its base and emitter. With the collector grounded, the col- lector current is called the short-circuit output current or ic(sc). The current source in the Norton collector circuit has

  11. A REMARK ON THE HOMOTOPY EQUIVALENCE Abstract. Being a maximal compact subgroup of SLn C, SUn is

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Souto, Juan

    A REMARK ON THE HOMOTOPY EQUIVALENCE SUn SLn C JUAN SOUTO Abstract. Being a maximal compact subgroup of SLn C, SUn is a deformation retract of the former group. In this note we prove that, for sufficiently large n, there is no retraction of SLn C to SUn which preserves commutativity. 1. Introduction

  12. Turing-equivalent automata using a fixed-size quantum memory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abuzer Yakaryilmaz

    2012-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, we introduce a new public quantum interactive proof system and the first quantum alternating Turing machine: qAM proof system and qATM, respectively. Both are obtained from their classical counterparts (Arthur-Merlin proof system and alternating Turing machine, respectively,) by augmenting them with a fixed-size quantum register. We focus on space-bounded computation, and obtain the following surprising results: Both of them with constant-space are Turing-equivalent. More specifically, we show that for any Turing-recognizable language, there exists a constant-space weak-qAM system, (the nonmembers do not need to be rejected with high probability), and we show that any Turing-recognizable language can be recognized by a constant-space qATM even with one-way input head. For strong proof systems, where the nonmembers must be rejected with high probability, we show that the known space-bounded classical private protocols can also be simulated by our public qAM system with the same space bound. Besides, we introduce a strong version of qATM: The qATM that must halt in every computation path. Then, we show that strong qATMs (similar to private ATMs) can simulate deterministic space with exponentially less space. This leads to shifting the deterministic space hierarchy exactly by one-level. The method behind the main results is a new public protocol cleverly using its fixed-size quantum register. Interestingly, the quantum part of this public protocol cannot be simulated by any space-bounded classical protocol in some cases.

  13. Equivalence between free quantum particles and those in harmonic potentials and its application to instantaneous changes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ole Steuernagel

    2014-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

    In quantum physics the free particle and the harmonically trapped particle are arguably the most important systems a physicist needs to know about. It is little known that, mathematically, they are one and the same. This knowledge helps us to understand either from the viewpoint of the other. Here we show that all general time-dependent solutions of the free-particle Schroedinger equation can be mapped to solutions of the Schroedinger equation for harmonic potentials, both the trapping oscillator and the inverted 'oscillator'. This map is fully invertible and therefore induces an isomorphism between both types of system, they are equivalent. A composition of the map and its inverse allows us to map from one harmonic oscillator to another with a different spring constant and different center position. The map is independent of the state of the system, consisting only of a coordinate transformation and multiplication by a form factor, and can be chosen such that the state is identical in both systems at one point in time. This transition point in time can be chosen freely, the wave function of the particle evolving in time in one system before the transition point can therefore be linked up smoothly with the wave function for the other system and its future evolution after the transition point. Such a cut-and-paste procedure allows us to describe the instantaneous changes of the environment a particle finds itself in. Transitions from free to trapped systems, between harmonic traps of different spring constants or center positions, or, from harmonic binding to repulsive harmonic potentials are straightforwardly modelled. This includes some time-dependent harmonic potentials. The mappings introduced here are computationally more efficient than either state-projection or harmonic oscillator propagator techniques conventionally employed when describing instantaneous (non-a 1,920 characters

  14. Package Equivalent Reactor Networks as Reduced Order Models for Use with CAPE-OPEN Compliant Simulation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meeks, E.; Chou, C. -P.; Garratt, T.

    2013-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Engineering simulations of coal gasifiers are typically performed using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) software, where a 3-D representation of the gasifier equipment is used to model the fluid flow in the gasifier and source terms from the coal gasification process are captured using discrete-phase model source terms. Simulations using this approach can be very time consuming, making it difficult to imbed such models into overall system simulations for plant design and optimization. For such system-level designs, process flowsheet software is typically used, such as Aspen Plus [1], where each component where each component is modeled using a reduced-order model. For advanced power-generation systems, such as integrated gasifier/gas-turbine combined-cycle systems (IGCC), the critical components determining overall process efficiency and emissions are usually the gasifier and combustor. Providing more accurate and more computationally efficient reduced-order models for these components, then, enables much more effective plant-level design optimization and design for control. Based on the CHEMKIN-PRO and ENERGICO software, we have developed an automated methodology for generating an advanced form of reduced-order model for gasifiers and combustors. The reducedorder model offers representation of key unit operations in flowsheet simulations, while allowing simulation that is fast enough to be used in iterative flowsheet calculations. Using high-fidelity fluiddynamics models as input, Reaction Designs ENERGICO [2] software can automatically extract equivalent reactor networks (ERNs) from a CFD solution. For the advanced reduced-order concept, we introduce into the ERN a much more detailed kinetics model than can be included practically in the CFD simulation. The state-of-the-art chemistry solver technology within CHEMKIN-PRO allows that to be accomplished while still maintaining a very fast model turn-around time. In this way, the ERN becomes the basis for high-fidelity kinetics simulation, while maintaining the spatial information derived from the geometrically faithful CFD model. The reduced-order models are generated in such a way that they can be easily imported into a process flowsheet simulator, using the CAPE-OPEN architecture for unit operations. The ENERGICO/CHEMKIN-PRO software produces an ERN-definition file that is read by a dynamically linked library (DLL) that can be easily linked to any CAPE-OPEN compliant software. The plug-in unitoperation module has been successfully demonstrated for complex ERNs of coal gasifiers, using both Aspen Plus and COFE process flowsheet simulators through this published CAPE-OPEN interface.

  15. Chromium-Catalyzed Homoaldol Equivalent Reaction, Indium-Mediated Cycloisomerization, and Palladium-Catalyzed Cross-Coupling Reaction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kang, Jun

    2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    .2. Stoichiometric Homoaldol Equivalent Reaction Me O Me BrMg O O Et2O, rt 74% 1 2 3 n=2 p-MeC6H4 HO Me O O+ TiCl4 (1 equiv) TiCl3 O OEt p-NO2C6H4 CO2Et OH 88% 4 5 6 7 EtO OTMS CHOO2N CH2Cl2, ?78 ?C to 0 ?C SiMe3 OSiEt3 TiCl4 (1.1 equiv... to aldehyde 17a, activated by a co-catalyst of trimethylsilyl triflate 21 forming intermediate 22 and affording the homoaldol equivalent adducts 18 in the catalytic cycle (Scheme 1.4). EtO OTMS O Ph 4 18 O O Ti OiPr OTf 17a CO2EtPh OTMS19...

  16. MODIFYING A 60 YEAR OLD STACK SAMPLING SYSTEM TO MEET ANSI N13.1-1999 EQUIVALENCY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    SIMMONS, F.M.

    2006-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The 291-T-1 stack was constructed in 1944 to support ongoing missions associated with the Hanford Project. Recent changes in the plant mission required a revision to the existing license of the stack that was operating as a minor emission unit. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Washington Department of Health (WDOH) deemed this revision to be a significant modification, thereby requiring the stack to operate to the ANSI N13.1-1999 sampling and monitoring requirements. Because the stack is similar to other stacks on the Hanford site, allowance was made by EPA to demonstrate equivalency to the ANSI standard via calculations in lieu of actual testing. Calculations were allowed for determining the deposition, nozzle transmission and aspiration ratios, but measurements were required for the stack flow coefficient of variation (COV). The equivalency determination was to be based on the requirements of Table 6 of the ANSI N13.1-1999 Standard.

  17. Bound-free pair production cross section in heavy-ion colliders from the equivalent photon approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andreas Aste

    2008-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Exact calculations of the electron-positron pair production by a single photon in the Coulomb field of a nucleus with simultaneous capture of the electron into the K-shell are discussed for different nuclear charges. Using the equivalent photon method of Weizsaecker and Williams, a simple expression for the bound-free production of electron-positron pairs by colliding very-high-energy fully stripped heavy ions is derived for nuclei of arbitrary charge.

  18. 34 Jong-Seok Lee : Utilizing Concept of Vegetation Freeboard Equivalence in River Restoration International Journal of Contents, Vol.8, No.3, Sep 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Julien, Pierre Y.

    : Vegetation Freeboard Equivalence (VFE); River Restoration; Stream Rehabilitation; Levee Design; Flood Control34 Jong-Seok Lee : Utilizing Concept of Vegetation Freeboard Equivalence in River Restoration in River Restoration Jong-Seok Lee* Department of Civil Engineering Hanbat National University, Daejeon 301

  19. On equivalence of high temperature series expansion and coupling parameter series expansion in thermodynamic perturbation theory of fluids

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sai Venkata Ramana, A., E-mail: asaivenk@barc.gov.in [Theoretical Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 400 085 (India)

    2014-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

    The coupling parameter series expansion and the high temperature series expansion in the thermodynamic perturbation theory of fluids are shown to be equivalent if the interaction potential is pairwise additive. As a consequence, for the class of fluids with the potential having a hardcore repulsion, if the hard-sphere fluid is chosen as reference system, the terms of coupling parameter series expansion for radial distribution function, direct correlation function, and Helmholtz free energy follow a scaling law with temperature. The scaling law is confirmed by application to square-well fluids.

  20. Is a multiple excitation of a single atom equivalent to a single excitation of an ensemble of atoms?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ido Kanter; Aviad Frydman; Assaf Ater

    2004-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent technological advances have enabled to isolate, control and measure the properties of a single atom, leading to the possibility to perform statistics on the behavior of single quantum systems. These experiments have enabled to check a question which was out of reach previously: Is the statistics of a repeatedly excitation of an atom N times equivalent to a single excitation of an ensemble of N atoms? We present a new method to analyze quantum measurements which leads to the postulation that the answer is most probably no. We discuss the merits of the analysis and its conclusion.

  1. Is a multiple excitation of a single atom equivalent to a single excitation of an ensemble of atoms?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kanter, I; Ater, A; Kanter, Ido; Frydman, Aviad; Ater, Assaf

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent technological advances have enabled to isolate, control and measure the properties of a single atom, leading to the possibility to perform statistics on the behavior of single quantum systems. These experiments have enabled to check a question which was out of reach previously: Is the statistics of a repeatedly excitation of an atom N times equivalent to a single excitation of an ensemble of N atoms? We present a new method to analyze quantum measurements which leads to the postulation that the answer is most probably no. We discuss the merits of the analysis and its conclusion.

  2. Winter 2012 FOr ALUMni, PArentS, AnD FrienDS OF tHe eAStMAn SCHOOL OF MUSiC Playinginside

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Portman, Douglas

    Winter 2012 FOr ALUMni, PArentS, AnD FrienDS OF tHe eAStMAn SCHOOL OF MUSiC Playinginside &outside" grapples with the perception that it has lost precious ground in the fight to keep music in our schools, I

  3. 602 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS, MAN, AND CYBERNETICS--PART C: APPLICATIONS AND REVIEWS, VOL. 37, NO. 4, JULY 2007 Planning Product Configurations Based on Sales Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kusiak, Andrew

    602 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS, MAN, AND CYBERNETICS--PART C: APPLICATIONS AND REVIEWS, VOL. 37, NO. 4, JULY 2007 Planning Product Configurations Based on Sales Data Andrew Kusiak, Member, IEEE customization. Delivering products that meet the require- ments of individual customers complicates

  4. Water Structure at the Air-Aqueous Interface of Divalent Cation and Nitrate Solutions Man Xu, Rick Spinney, and Heather C. Allen*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Water Structure at the Air-Aqueous Interface of Divalent Cation and Nitrate Solutions Man Xu, Rick, Columbus, Ohio 43210 ReceiVed: July 24, 2008; ReVised Manuscript ReceiVed: December 4, 2008 The water surface structure of aqueous magnesium, calcium, and strontium nitrate solutions with six to seven water

  5. BBSGI.MAN -BRANCH-BUS/SILICON GRAPHICS DATA ACQUISITION SYSTEM (BBSGI) For IRIX 5.x systems -AT&T UNIX System V Release 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    BBSGI.MAN - BRANCH-BUS/SILICON GRAPHICS DATA ACQUISITION SYSTEM (BBSGI) For IRIX 5.x systems - AT&T UNIX System V Release 4 r.imossi/oldf/bnl 25-Oct-1993 BRANCH-BUS/SILICON GRAPHICS DATA ACQUISITION The BRANCH-BUS/SILICON GRAPHICS DATA ACQUISITION SYSTEM (BBSGI) is a product of the Online Data Facility

  6. ake out a loan for a car or a house, and there is all man-ner of independent, reliable information to tell the lender

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Petriu, Emil M.

    ake out a loan for a car or a house, and there is all man- ner of independent, reliable information to tell the lender how much your purchase should be worth. Go looking for money to put up solar panels known; in fact, the operational efficiency and affordability of solar power has never been better

  7. Recently, I heard a researcher present a colloquium on computational aspects of protein-folding. Although this man was obviously an expert

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Traub, Joseph F.

    of protein-folding. Although this man was obviously an expert on the topic, he casually mentioned in passing that, of course, #2;protein- folding is NP-complete.#1; Protein-folding is a biological process that a particular mathematical model (minimal energy) of protein-folding is NP-complete in the Turing machine model

  8. For the designers, nature is the nucleus represented by the pond, moving gradually away from nature leads though a large open space towards the solar field, representing man-made technology.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goodman, Robert M.

    from nature leads though a large open space towards the solar field, representing man-made technology to technology. In our design, the pond is a representation of nature, while the solar field on the extreme side is a representation of the man-made technology. We provide a connection between these two opposite concepts and offer

  9. Equivalent Circuit Description of Non-compensated n-p Codoped TiO2 as Intermediate Band Solar Cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tian-Li Feng; Guang-Wei Deng; Yi Xia; Feng-Cheng Wu; Ping Cui; Hai-Ping Lan; Zhen-Yu Zhang

    2010-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The novel concept of non-compensated n-p codoping has made it possible to create tunable intermediate bands in the intrinsic band gap of TiO2, making the codoped TiO2 a promising material for developing intermediate band solar cells (IBSCs). Here we investigate the quantum efficiency of such IBSCs within two scenarios - with and without current extracted from the extended intermediate band. Using the ideal equivalent circuit model, we find that the maximum efficiency of 57% in the first scenario and 53% in the second are both much higher than the Shockley-Queisser limit from single gap solar cells. We also obtain various key quantities of the circuits, a useful step in realistic development of TiO2 based solar cells invoking device integration. These equivalent circuit results are also compared with the efficiencies obtained directly from consideration of electron transition between the energy bands, and both approaches reveal the intriguing existence of double peaks in the maximum quantum efficiency as a function of the relative location of IBs.

  10. Improving the hot-spot pressure and demonstrating ignition hydrodynamic equivalence in cryogenic deuteriumtritium implosions on OMEGA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goncharov, V. N.; Sangster, T. C.; Betti, R.; Boehly, T. R.; Bonino, M. J.; Collins, T. J. B.; Craxton, R. S.; Delettrez, J. A.; Edgell, D. H.; Epstein, R.; Follett, R. K.; Forrest, C. J.; Froula, D. H.; Glebov, V. Yu.; Harding, D. R.; Henchen, R. J.; Hu, S. X.; Igumenshchev, I. V.; Janezic, R.; Kelly, J. H. [Laboratory for Laser Energetics, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14623 (United States); and others

    2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Reaching ignition in direct-drive (DD) inertial confinement fusion implosions requires achieving central pressures in excess of 100 Gbar. The OMEGA laser system [T. R. Boehly et al., Opt. Commun. 133, 495 (1997)] is used to study the physics of implosions that are hydrodynamically equivalent to the ignition designs on the National Ignition Facility (NIF) [J. A. Paisner et al., Laser Focus World 30, 75 (1994)]. It is shown that the highest hot-spot pressures (up to 40 Gbar) are achieved in target designs with a fuel adiabat of ? ? 4, an implosion velocity of 3.8??10{sup 7}?cm/s, and a laser intensity of ?10{sup 15}?W/cm{sup 2}. These moderate-adiabat implosions are well understood using two-dimensional hydrocode simulations. The performance of lower-adiabat implosions is significantly degraded relative to code predictions, a common feature between DD implosions on OMEGA and indirect-drive cryogenic implosions on the NIF. Simplified theoretical models are developed to gain physical understanding of the implosion dynamics that dictate the target performance. These models indicate that degradations in the shell density and integrity (caused by hydrodynamic instabilities during the target acceleration) coupled with hydrodynamics at stagnation are the main failure mechanisms in low-adiabat designs. To demonstrate ignition hydrodynamic equivalence in cryogenic implosions on OMEGA, the target-design robustness to hydrodynamic instability growth must be improved by reducing laser-coupling losses caused by cross beam energy transfer.

  11. Equivalent Circuit Description of Non-compensated n-p Codoped TiO2 as Intermediate Band Solar Cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feng, Tian-Li; Xia, Yi; Wu, Feng-Cheng; Cui, Ping; Lan, Hai-Ping; Zhang, Zhen-Yu

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The novel concept of non-compensated n-p codoping has made it possible to create tunable intermediate bands in the intrinsic band gap of TiO2, making the codoped TiO2 a promising material for developing intermediate band solar cells (IBSCs). Here we investigate the quantum efficiency of such IBSCs within two scenarios - with and without current extracted from the extended intermediate band. Using the ideal equivalent circuit model, we find that the maximum efficiency of 57% in the first scenario and 53% in the second are both much higher than the Shockley-Queisser limit from single gap solar cells. We also obtain various key quantities of the circuits, a useful step in realistic development of TiO2 based solar cells invoking device integration. These equivalent circuit results are also compared with the efficiencies obtained directly from consideration of electron transition between the energy bands, and both approaches reveal the intriguing existence of double peaks in the maximum quantum efficiency as a fun...

  12. Phased Array Approach To Retrieve Gases, Liquids, Or Solids From Subsurface And Subaqueous Geologic Or Man-Made Formations

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Rynne, Timothy M. (Long Beach, CA); Spadaro, John F. (Huntington Beach, CA); Iovenitti, Joe L. (Pleasant Hill, CA); Dering, John P. (Lakewood, CA); Hill, Donald G. (Walnut Creek, CA)

    1998-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

    A method of enhancing the remediation of contaminated soils and ground water, production of oil and gas, and production of any solid, gas, and/or liquid from subsurface geologic and man-made formations including the steps of estimating the geometric boundaries of the region containing the material to be recovered, drilling a recovery well(s) into subsurface in a strategic location to recover the material of interest, establishing multiple sources of acoustical power in an array about and spaced-apart from the surface or at various depths below the surface in a borehole(s) and/or well(s), directing a volume of acoustical excitation from the sources into the region containing the material to be recovered, the excitation in the form of either controllable sinusoidal, square, pulsed, or various combinations of these three waveforms, and controlling the phasing, frequency, power, duration, and direction of these waveforms from the sources to increase and control the intensity of acoustical excitation in the region of the material to be recovered to enhance. the recovery of said material from the recovery well(s). The invention will augment any technology affecting the removal of materials from the subsurface.

  13. Test of Equivalence Principle at $10^{-8}$ Level by a Dual-species Double-diffraction Raman Atom Interferometer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Lin; Tang, Biao; Chen, Xi; Gao, Fen; Peng, Wencui; Duan, Weitao; Zhong, Jiaqi; Xiong, Zongyuan; Wang, Jin; Zhang, Yuanzhong; Zhan, Mingsheng

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We report an improved test of the weak equivalence principle by using a simultaneous $^{85}$Rb-$^{87}$Rb dual-species atom interferometer. We propose and implement a four-wave double-diffraction Raman transition scheme for the interferometer, and demonstrate its ability in suppressing common-mode phase noise of Raman lasers after their frequencies and intensity ratios are optimized. The statistical uncertainty of the experimental data for E\\"{o}tv\\"{o}s parameter $\\eta$ is $0.8\\times10^{-8}$ at 3200 s. With various systematic errors corrected the final value is $\\eta=(2.8\\pm3.0)\\times10^{-8}$. The major uncertainty is attributed to the Coriolis effect.

  14. A measurement of the muon-induced neutron yield in lead at a depth of 2850 m water equivalent

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reichhart, L.; Ghag, C. [School of Physics and Astronomy, SUPA University of Edinburgh, UK and High Energy Physics Group, Department of Physics and Astronomy, University College London (United Kingdom)] [School of Physics and Astronomy, SUPA University of Edinburgh, UK and High Energy Physics Group, Department of Physics and Astronomy, University College London (United Kingdom); Lindote, A.; Chepel, V.; DeViveiros, L.; Lopes, M. I.; Neves, F.; Pinto da Cunha, J.; Silva, C.; Solovov, V. N. [LIP-Coimbra and Department of Physics of the University of Coimbra (Portugal)] [LIP-Coimbra and Department of Physics of the University of Coimbra (Portugal); Akimov, D. Yu.; Belov, V. A.; Burenkov, A. A.; Kobyakin, A. S.; Kovalenko, A. G.; Stekhanov, V. N. [Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics, Moscow (Russian Federation)] [Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics, Moscow (Russian Federation); Arajo, H. M.; Bewick, A.; Currie, A.; Horn, M. [High Energy Physics Group, Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College London (United Kingdom)] [High Energy Physics Group, Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College London (United Kingdom); and others

    2013-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    We present results from the measurement of the neutron production rate in lead by high energy cosmic-ray muons at a depth of 2850 m water equivalent (mean muon energy of 260 GeV). A tonne-scale highly segmented plastic scintillator detector was utilised to detect both the energy depositions from the traversing muons as well as the delayed radiative capture signals of the induced neutrons. Complementary Monte Carlo simulations reproduce well the distributions of muons and detected muon-induced neutrons. Absolute agreement between simulation and data is of the order of 25%. By comparing the measured and simulated neutron capture rates a neutron yield in pure lead of (5.78{sub ?0.28}{sup +0.21})10{sup ?3} neutrons/muon/(g/cm{sup 2}) has been obtained.

  15. Method to determine the position-dependant metal correction factor for dose-rate equivalent laser testing of semiconductor devices

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Horn, Kevin M.

    2013-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

    A method reconstructs the charge collection from regions beneath opaque metallization of a semiconductor device, as determined from focused laser charge collection response images, and thereby derives a dose-rate dependent correction factor for subsequent broad-area, dose-rate equivalent, laser measurements. The position- and dose-rate dependencies of the charge-collection magnitude of the device are determined empirically and can be combined with a digital reconstruction methodology to derive an accurate metal-correction factor that permits subsequent absolute dose-rate response measurements to be derived from laser measurements alone. Broad-area laser dose-rate testing can thereby be used to accurately determine the peak transient current, dose-rate response of semiconductor devices to penetrating electron, gamma- and x-ray irradiation.

  16. Uranium-Loaded Water Treatment Resins: 'Equivalent Feed' at NRC and Agreement State-Licensed Uranium Recovery Facilities - 12094

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Camper, Larry W.; Michalak, Paul; Cohen, Stephen; Carter, Ted [Nuclear Regulatory Commission (United States)

    2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Community Water Systems (CWSs) are required to remove uranium from drinking water to meet EPA standards. Similarly, mining operations are required to remove uranium from their dewatering discharges to meet permitted surface water discharge limits. Ion exchange (IX) is the primary treatment strategy used by these operations, which loads uranium onto resin beads. Presently, uranium-loaded resin from CWSs and mining operations can be disposed as a waste product or processed by NRC- or Agreement State-licensed uranium recovery facilities if that licensed facility has applied for and received permission to process 'alternate feed'. The disposal of uranium-loaded resin is costly and the cost to amend a uranium recovery license to accept alternate feed can be a strong disincentive to commercial uranium recovery facilities. In response to this issue, the NRC issued a Regulatory Issue Summary (RIS) to clarify the agency's policy that uranium-loaded resin from CWSs and mining operations can be processed by NRC- or Agreement State-licensed uranium recovery facilities without the need for an alternate feed license amendment when these resins are essentially the same, chemically and physically, to resins that licensed uranium recovery facilities currently use (i.e., equivalent feed). NRC staff is clarifying its current alternate feed policy to declare IX resins as equivalent feed. This clarification is necessary to alleviate a regulatory and financial burden on facilities that filter uranium using IX resin, such as CWSs and mine dewatering operations. Disposing of those resins in a licensed facility could be 40 to 50 percent of the total operations and maintenance (O and M) cost for a CWS. Allowing uranium recovery facilities to treat these resins without requiring a license amendment lowers O and M costs and captures a valuable natural resource. (authors)

  17. "The Most Hazardous and Dangerous and Greatest Adventure on Which Man Has Ever Embarked": The Frontier in Presidential Pro-Space Discourse, 1957-1963

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leyerzapf, Amy Beth

    2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The Most Hazardous and Dangerous and Greatest Adventure on Which Man Has Ever Embarked: The Frontier in Presidential Pro-Space Discourse, 1957-1963 By Amy Beth Leyerzapf Submitted to the graduate degree program in Communication Studies....D. ________________________________ Dr. Jerry Bailey, Ed.D. Date Defended: September 1, 2011 ii The Dissertation Committee for Amy Beth Leyerzapf certifies that this is the approved version of the following dissertation: The Most Hazardous and Dangerous...

  18. Grey man devices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sethi, Sanjit (Sanjit Singh), 1971-

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Vision Slaved to Walking Device i s one in a series of devices that are a result of the experimental ambulation series. The ability to see only when one's feet are moving allows for a distorted perspective of ones own ...

  19. Super Rat Poison Man

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hacker, Randi; Tsutsui, William

    2007-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Bob Square Tie. But Zheng Xiaoyu, the deposed head of China's State Food and Drug Administration begs to be excused. A rat poison manufacturer here in China applied for permission to name some of its products after him, partly because he's corrupt...

  20. The Thousandth Man

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lovett, Suzan

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the wrong end of a gun." "I got there, didn't I? Anyway, I'm not your backup, damnit, I'm your partner!" "You couldn't prove it by me, and after today's performance, don't count on it." "I'LL be the judge of that!" Dobey bellowed. "You want to get... in the gun, you see. It coulda been a bad scene without Morris distractin' ? " He caught Meredith's look and shrugged. "You hadda be there." ObvLouAly, she thought. "I'll introduce you if you want. He's kinda cute." He rubbed his stomach and called out...

  1. G-Man Blues

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohn, Lee Michael

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    around in the dark is heard. Hello? CRASH. BARRY (CONTD) (next to him. DRAG QUEEN Hello handsome. evening? What bringsADAMSON (CONTD) Alana, say hello to Barry. Hes maybe going

  2. The Universal Man

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinha, Nirmal Chandra

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    countrit's share the scntimc'nts of Indian ,md Hungadah schdla":sand intellectuals in remembering Csoroa de Koros. Why? Was C soma de Koros a Hungarian or was he an Indian? Or was Csoma a statcks'l academician? Was Cmma a Buddhist or a Christian...

  3. Aprun MAN Page

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-Series to someone by E-mailRadioimmunotherapy EA15PC3041-3-0 Mar.3AprilAprilaprun

  4. Equivalence of effective superpotentials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Argurio, Riccardo [Physique Theorique et Mathematique and International Solvay Institutes, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, C.P. 231, 1050 Brussels (Belgium)

    2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We show that the low-energy effective superpotential of an N=1 U(N) gauge theory with matter in the adjoint and arbitrary even tree-level superpotential has, in the classically unbroken case, the same functional form as the effective superpotential of a U(N) gauge theory with matter in the fundamental and the same tree-level interactions, up to some rescalings of the couplings. We also argue that the same kind of reasoning can be applied to other cases as well.

  5. Equivalent operator categories

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David Sherman

    2013-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Sep 28, 2013 ... This relies on Arveson, Stinespring, Voiculescu, and Hadwin. In C? it basically is Voiculescu's theorem. In OS it basically is Stinespring's.

  6. Gravity, Geometry, and Equivalence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kenneth Dalton

    1997-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

    We show that the energy-momentum four-vector of a planet, p = mu, is conserved during geodesic motion. Therefore, there is no exchange of energy-momentum with the gravitational field. We discuss the meaning of a gravitational field which is free of energy, momentum, and stress.

  7. References an equivalence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sumii, Eijiro

    bet ween CPS and direct st e # p CPS ~ pS t et c #12; The "Fundamental Pro perty"o f o al elato n class channels a e essential in p calculus #12; A Useo f First ss e s ie t er er ste new e n e e n en

  8. NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines About U.S.30Natural Gas Glossary529 6330 04 19343 369 384FuelYear125 137 Monthly Annual

  9. NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia,(Million Barrels) Crude Oil Reserves in Nonproducing Reservoirs Year2per ThousandWellhead+WellheadMr.NEMSNGPL

  10. WIPP WAC Equivalence Support Measurements for Low-Level Sludge Waste at Los Alamos National Laboratory - 12242

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gruetzmacher, Kathleen M.; Bustos, Roland M.; Ferran, Scott G.; Gallegos, Lucas E. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States); Lucero, Randy P. [Pajarito Scientific Corporation, Santa Fe, New Mexico 87507 (United States)

    2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) uses the Nevada National Security Site (NNSS) as an off-site disposal facility for low-level waste (LLW), including sludge waste. NNSS has issued a position paper that indicates that systems that are not certified by the Carlsbad Field Office (CBFO) for Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP) disposal of Transuranic (TRU) waste must demonstrate equivalent practices to the CBFO certified systems in order to assign activity concentration values to assayed items without adding in the Total Measurement Uncertainty (TMU) when certifying waste for NNSS disposal. Efforts have been made to meet NNSS requirements to accept sludge waste for disposal at their facility. The LANL LLW Characterization Team uses portable high purity germanium (HPGe) detector systems for the nondestructive assay (NDA) of both debris and sludge LLW. A number of performance studies have been conducted historically by LANL to support the efficacy and quality of assay results generated by the LANL HPGe systems, and, while these detector systems are supported by these performance studies and used with LANL approved procedures and processes, they are not certified by CBFO for TRU waste disposal. Beginning in 2009, the LANL LLW Characterization Team undertook additional NDA measurements of both debris and sludge simulated waste containers to supplement existing studies and procedures to demonstrate full compliance with the NNSS position paper. Where possible, Performance Demonstration Project (PDP) drums were used for the waste matrix and PDP sources were used for the radioactive sources. Sludge drums are an example of a matrix with a uniform distribution of contaminants. When attempting to perform a gamma assay of a sludge drum, it is very important to adequately simulate this uniform distribution of radionuclides in order to accurately model the assay results. This was accomplished by using a spiral radial source tube placement in a sludge drum rather than the standard three source tubes seen in debris PDP drums. Available line sources (Eu-152) were placed in the spiral tubes to further accomplish the desired uniform distribution of radionuclides. The standard PDP drum (PDP matrix drum 005) and PDP sources were used to determine the lower limits of detection (LLD) and TMU. Analysis results for the sludge drum matrix case for two HPGe detectors were tabulated and evaluated. NNSS has accepted the methodology and results of the measurements towards demonstrating equivalence to CBFO certified systems. In conclusion, the WES-WGS and CMR-OPS gamma spectroscopy teams at LANL have defined and performed measurements that serve to establish and demonstrate equivalency with the processes used by CBFO certified NDA systems. The supplemental measurements address four key areas in Appendix A of DOE/WIPP-02-3122: Annual Calibration Confirmation and Performance Check measurements; LLD determination; and TMU definition. For these measurements the containers, matrices and activity loadings are selected to represent items being assayed in real LLW cases. The LLD and the TMU bounding measurements are to be performed one time and will not be required to be repeated in future campaigns. The annual calibration and performance check measurements were performed initially and planned to repeat in annual campaigns in order to maintain NNSS certification. PDP sources and a PDP sludge drum as well as Eu-152 line sources and a spiral sludge drum were used for the measurements. In all cases, the results for accuracy and precision (%R and %RSD, respectively) were within allowable ranges as defined by the WIPP PDP program. LLD (or MDC) results were established for all the ten WIPP reportable radionuclides and U-235, and the MDC for Pu-239 was established in all cases to be well under 100 nCi/g. Useful results for reducing estimated uncertainties were established and an interesting unexpected case of high bias was observed and will be applied toward this end. (authors)

  11. Development of an equivalent homogenous fluid model for pseudo-two-phase (air plus water) flow through fractured rock

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Price, J.; Indraratna, B. [University of Wollongong, Wollongong, NSW (Australia). School of Civil Engineering

    2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Fracture flow of two-phase mixtures is particularly applicable to the coal mining and coal bed methane projects in Australia. A one-dimensional steady-state pseudo-two-phase flow model is proposed for fractured rock. The model considers free flow of a compressible mixture of air and water in an inclined planar fracture and is based upon the conservation of momentum and the 'cubic' law. The flow model is coupled to changes in the stress environment through the fracture normal stiffness, which is related to changes in fracture aperture. The model represents the individual air and water phases as a single equivalent homogenous fluid. Laboratory testing was performed using the two-phase high-pressure triaxial apparatus on 54 mm diameter (approximately 2: 1 height: diameter) borehole cores intersected by induced near-axial fractures. The samples were of Triassic arenaceous fine-medium grained sandstone (known as the Eckersley Formation) that is found locally in the Southern Coalfield of New South Wales. The sample fracture roughness was assessed using a technique based upon Fourier series analysis to objectively attribute a joint roughness coefficient. The proposed two-phase flow model was verified using the recorded laboratory data obtained over a range of triaxial confining pressures (i.e., fracture normal stresses).

  12. Equivalence Ratio-EGR Control of HCCI Engine Operation and the Potential for Transition to Spark-Ignited Operation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martinez-Frias, J; Aceves, S M; Flowers, D L; Smith, J R; Dibble, R

    2001-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This research investigates a control system for HCCI engines, where equivalence ratio, fraction of EGR and intake pressure are adjusted as needed to obtain satisfactory combustion. HCCI engine operation is analyzed with a detailed chemical kinetics code, HCT (Hydrodynamics, Chemistry and Transport), that has been extensively modified for application to engines. HCT is linked to an optimizer that determines the operating conditions that result in maximum brake thermal efficiency, while meeting the peak cylinder pressure restriction. The results show the values of the operating conditions that yield optimum efficiency as a function of torque and rpm. The engine has high NO{sub x} emissions for high power operation, so the possibility of switching to stoichiometric operation for high torque conditions is considered. Stoichiometric operation would allow the use of a three-way catalyst to reduce NO{sub x} emissions to acceptable levels. Finally, the paper discusses the possibility of transitioning from HCCI operation to SI operation to achieve high power output.

  13. On the equivalent width of the Fe K$\\alpha$ line produced by a dusty absorber in active galactic nuclei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gohil, Raj

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Obscured AGNs provide an opportunity to study the material surrounding the central engine. Geometric and physical constraints on the absorber can be deduced from the reprocessed AGN emission. In particular, the obscuring gas may reprocess the nuclear X-ray emission producing a narrow Fe K$\\alpha$ line and a Compton reflection hump. In recent years, models of the X-ray reflection from an obscuring torus have been computed; however, although the reflecting gas may be dusty, the models do not yet take into account the effects of dust on the predicted spectrum. We study this problem by analyzing two sets of models, with and without the presence of dust, using the one dimensional photo-ionization code Cloudy. The calculations are performed for a range of column densities ($22 hydrogen densities ( $6 <{\\rm log}[n_H(\\rm cm^{-3})]< 8$). The calculations show the presence of dust can enhance the Fe K$\\alpha$ equivalent width (EW) in the reflected spectrum by factor...

  14. X-Ray Reflection Nebulae with Large Equivalent Widths of Neutral Iron Ka Line in the Sgr C Region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hiroshi Nakajima; Takeshi Go Tsuru; Masayoshi Nobukawa; Hironori Matsumoto; Katsuji Koyama; Hiroshi Murakami; Atsushi Senda; Shigeo Yamauchi

    2008-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports on the first results of the Suzaku observation in the Sgr C region. We detected four diffuse clumps with strong line emission at 6.4keV, Ka from neutral or low-ionized Fe. One of them, M359.38-0.00, is newly discovered with Suzaku. The X-ray spectra of the two bright clumps, M359.43-0.07 and M359.47-0.15, after subtracting the Galactic center diffuse X-ray emission (GCDX), exhibit strong Ka line from FeI with large equivalent widths (EWs) of 2.0-2.2keV and clear Kb of FeI. The GCDX in the Sgr C region is composed of the 6.4keV- and 6.7keV-associated components. These are phenomenologically decomposed by taking relations between EWs of the 6.4keV and 6.7keV lines. Then the former EWs against the associated continuum in the bright clump regions are estimated to be 2.4(+2.3_-0.7)keV. Since the two different approaches give similar large EWs of 2keV, we strongly suggest that the 6.4keV clumps in the Sgr C region are due to X-ray reflection/fluorescence (the X-ray reflection nebulae).

  15. The bounds of the set of equivalent resistances of n equal resistors combined in series and in parallel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sameen Ahmed Khan

    2010-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The order of the set of equivalent resistances, A(n) of n equal resistors combined in series and in parallel has been traditionally addressed computationally, for n up to 22. For larger n there have been constraints of computer memory. Here, we present an analytical approach using the Farey sequence with Fibonacci numbers as its argument. The approximate formula, A(n) ~ 2.55^n, obtained from the computational data up to n = 22 is consistent with the strict upper bound, A(n) ~ 2.618^n, presented here. It is further shown that the Farey sequence approach, developed for the A(n) is applicable to configurations other than the series and/or parallel, namely the bridge circuits and non-planar circuits. Expressions describing set theoretic relations among the sets A(n) are presented in detail. For completeness, programs to generate the various integer sequences occurring in this study, using the symbolic computer language MATHEMATCA, are also presented.

  16. The bounds of the set of equivalent resistances of n equal resistors combined in series and in parallel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khan, Sameen Ahmed

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The order of the set of equivalent resistances, A(n) of n equal resistors combined in series and in parallel has been traditionally addressed computationally, for n up to 22. For larger n there have been constraints of computer memory. Here, we present an analytical approach using the Farey sequence with Fibonacci numbers as its argument. The approximate formula, A(n) ~ 2.55^n, obtained from the computational data up to n = 22 is consistent with the strict upper bound, A(n) ~ 2.618^n, presented here. It is further shown that the Farey sequence approach, developed for the A(n) is applicable to configurations other than the series and/or parallel, namely the bridge circuits and non-planar circuits. Expressions describing set theoretic relations among the sets A(n) are presented in detail. For completeness, programs to generate the various integer sequences occurring in this study, using the symbolic computer language MATHEMATCA, are also presented.

  17. Math 28S Invertibility Criteria Fall 2011 Various criteria which are equivalent to a matrix being invertible are at the heart of linear alge-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McClendon, David M.

    Math 28S Invertibility Criteria Fall 2011 Various criteria which are equivalent to a matrix being invertible are at the heart of linear alge- bra, because they combine all the ideas from the subject. A is invertible; 3. {a} is linearly independent; 4. {a} spans F; 5. {a} is a basis for F. Theorem 2 Let A = a b c

  18. Expression of proliferative and inflammatory markers in a full-thickness human skin equivalent following exposure to the model sulfur mustard vesicant, 2-chloroethyl ethyl sulfide

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Black, Adrienne T. [Pharmacology and Toxicology, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ (United States); Hayden, Patrick J. [MatTek Corporation, Ashland, MA (United States); Casillas, Robert P. [Battelle Memorial Institute, Columbus, OH (United States); Heck, Diane E. [Environmental Health Sciences, New York Medical College, Valhalla, NY (United States); Gerecke, Donald R. [Pharmacology and Toxicology, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ (United States); Sinko, Patrick J. [Pharmaceutics, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ (United States); Laskin, Debra L. [Pharmacology and Toxicology, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ (United States); Laskin, Jeffrey D., E-mail: jlaskin@eohsi.rutgers.ed [Environmental and Occupational Medicine, UMDNJ-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, Piscataway, NJ (United States)

    2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Sulfur mustard is a potent vesicant that induces inflammation, edema and blistering following dermal exposure. To assess molecular mechanisms mediating these responses, we analyzed the effects of the model sulfur mustard vesicant, 2-chloroethyl ethyl sulfide, on EpiDerm-FT{sup TM}, a commercially available full-thickness human skin equivalent. CEES (100-1000 {mu}M) caused a concentration-dependent increase in pyknotic nuclei and vacuolization in basal keratinocytes; at high concentrations (300-1000 {mu}M), CEES also disrupted keratin filament architecture in the stratum corneum. This was associated with time-dependent increases in expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen, a marker of cell proliferation, and poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) and phosphorylated histone H2AX, markers of DNA damage. Concentration- and time-dependent increases in mRNA and protein expression of eicosanoid biosynthetic enzymes including COX-2, 5-lipoxygenase, microsomal PGE{sub 2} synthases, leukotriene (LT) A{sub 4} hydrolase and LTC{sub 4} synthase were observed in CEES-treated skin equivalents, as well as in antioxidant enzymes, glutathione S-transferases A1-2 (GSTA1-2), GSTA3 and GSTA4. These data demonstrate that CEES induces rapid cellular damage, cytotoxicity and inflammation in full-thickness skin equivalents. These effects are similar to human responses to vesicants in vivo and suggest that the full thickness skin equivalent is a useful in vitro model to characterize the biological effects of mustards and to develop potential therapeutics.

  19. In Table 3, the equivalent Tambient that would be supplied by the sensor, appears to the left, and food heights, the only variable available to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heller, Barbara

    In Table 3, the equivalent Tambient that would be supplied by the sensor, appears to the leftF, and the heights associated with those temperatures would allow the cooling food to meet the 2 (1) stipulates that for safe storage of cooked, potentially hazardous foods, cooling within two hours

  20. 1068 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VERY LARGE SCALE INTEGRATION (VLSI) SYSTEMS, VOL. 11, NO. 6, DECEMBER 2003 Equivalent-Circuit Interconnect Modeling Based on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mazumder, Pinaki

    -chip long interconnects that are represented as distributed RLC transmission lines. The proposed delay model transmission line model, equivalent circuit, interconnect modeling, passivity, transient simulation. I as distributed RLC transmission lines. Manuscript received December 3, 2002. This work was supported in part

  1. Gauge Fixing in the Maxwell Like Gravitational Theory in Minkowski Spacetime and in the Equivalent Lorentzian Spacetime

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roldao da Rocha; Waldyr A. Rodrigues Jr

    2014-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

    In a previous paper we investigate a Lagrangian field theory for the gravitational field (which is there represented by a section g^a of the orthonormal coframe bundle over Minkowski spacetime. Such theory, under appropriate conditions, has been proved to be equivalent to a Lorentzian spacetime structure, where the metric tensor satisfies Einstein field equations. Here, we first recall that according to quantum field theory ideas gravitation is described by a Lagrangian theory of a possible massive graviton field (generated by matter fields and coupling also to itself) living in Minkowski spacetime. The graviton field is moreover supposed to be represented by a symmetric tensor field h carrying the representations of spin two and zero of the Lorentz group. Such a field, then (as it is well known), must necessarily satisfy the gauge condition given by Eq.(3) below. Next, we introduce an ansatz relating h to the 1-form fields g^a. Then, using the Clifford bundle formalism we derive, from our Lagrangian theory, the exact wave equation for the graviton and investigate the role of the gauge condition given by Eq.(3) in obtaining a reliable conservation law for the energy-momentum tensor of the gravitational plus the matter fields in Minkowski spacetime. Finally we ask the question: does Eq.(3) fix any gauge condition for the field g of the effective Lorentzian spacetime structure that represents the field h in our theory? We show that no gauge condition is fixed a priory, as is the case in General Relativity. Moreover we investigate under which conditions we may fix Logunov gauge condition.

  2. The Advanced Photon Source: A national synchrotron radiation research facility at Argonne National Laboratory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The vision of the APS sprang from prospective users, whose unflagging support the project has enjoyed throughout the decade it has taken to make this facility a reality. Perhaps the most extraordinary aspect of synchrotron radiation research, is the extensive and diverse scientific makeup of the user community. From this primordial soup of scientists exchanging ideas and information, come the collaborative and interdisciplinary accomplishments that no individual alone could produce. So, unlike the solitary Roentgen, scientists are engaged in a collective and dynamic enterprise with the potential to see and understand the structures of the most complex materials that nature or man can produce--and which underlie virtually all modern technologies. This booklet provides scientists and laymen alike with a sense of both the extraordinary history of x-rays and the knowledge they have produced, as well as the potential for future discovery contained in the APS--a source a million million times brighter than the Roentgen tube.

  3. Protection against the man-in-the-middle-attack for the Kirchhoff-loop-Johnson(-like)-noise cipher and expansion by voltage-based security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laszlo B. Kish

    2006-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

    It is shown that the original Kirchhoff-loop-Johnson(-like)-noise (KLJN) cipher is naturally protected against the man-in-the-middle (MITM) attack, if the eavesdropper is using resistors and noise voltage generators just like the sender and the receiver. The eavesdropper can extract zero bit of information before she is discovered. However, when the eavesdropper is using noise current generators, though the cipher is protected, the eavesdropper may still be able to extract one bit of information while she is discovered. For enhanced security, we expand the KLJN cipher with the comparison of the instantaneous voltages via the public channel. In this way, the sender and receiver has a full control over the security of measurable physical quantities in the Kirchhoff-loop. We show that when the sender and receiver compare not only their instantaneous current data but also their instantaneous voltage data then the zero-bit security holds even for the noise current generator case. We show that the original KLJN scheme is also zero-bit protected against that type of MITM attack when the eavesdropper uses voltage noise generators, only. In conclusion, within the idealized model scheme, the man-in-the-middle-attack does not provide any advantage compared to the regular attack considered earlier. The remaining possibility is the attack by a short, large current pulse, which described in the original paper as the only efficient type of regular attacks, and that yields the one bit security. In conclusion, the KLJN cipher is superior to known quantum communication schemes in every respect, including speed, robustness, maintenance need, price and its natural immunity against the man-in-the-middle attack.

  4. Assessment of effectiveness of geologic isolation systems. ARRRG and FOOD: computer programs for calculating radiation dose to man from radionuclides in the environment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Napier, B.A.; Roswell, R.L.; Kennedy, W.E. Jr.; Strenge, D.L.

    1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The computer programs ARRRG and FOOD were written to facilitate the calculation of internal radiation doses to man from the radionuclides in the environment and external radiation doses from radionuclides in the environment. Using ARRRG, radiation doses to man may be calculated for radionuclides released to bodies of water from which people might obtain fish, other aquatic foods, or drinking water, and in which they might fish, swim or boat. With the FOOD program, radiation doses to man may be calculated from deposition on farm or garden soil and crops during either an atmospheric or water release of radionuclides. Deposition may be either directly from the air or from irrigation water. Fifteen crop or animal product pathways may be chosen. ARRAG and FOOD doses may be calculated for either a maximum-exposed individual or for a population group. Doses calculated are a one-year dose and a committed dose from one year of exposure. The exposure is usually considered as chronic; however, equations are included to calculate dose and dose commitment from acute (one-time) exposure. The equations for calculating internal dose and dose commitment are derived from those given by the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) for body burdens and Maximum Permissible Concentration (MPC) of each radionuclide. The radiation doses from external exposure to contaminated farm fields or shorelines are calculated assuming an infinite flat plane source of radionuclides. A factor of two is included for surface roughness. A modifying factor to compensate for finite extent is included in the shoreline calculations.

  5. Does the Quantum Vacuum Fall Near the Earth? The Downward Acceleration of the Quantum Vacuum is Responsible for the Equivalence Principle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ostoma, T; Ostoma, Tom; Trushyk, Mike

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The downward acceleration of the virtual electrically charged fermion particles of the quantum vacuum is responsible for the Einstein Weak Equivalence Principle and for our perception of 4D space-time curvature near the earth. Since the virtual fermion particles of the quantum vacuum (virtual electrons for example) possess mass, we assume that during their short lifetimes the virtual fermions are in a state of downward acceleration (or free-fall) near the earth. Many of the virtual fermions also possess electrical charge, and are thus capable of interacting electrically with a real test mass, since a test mass is composed of real, electrically charged, fermion particles. The electrical interaction between the downward accelerated virtual fermions with nearby light or matter is responsible for the equivalence of inertial and gravitational mass, and also responsible for our perception of 4D space-time curvature near the earth. In pure accelerated frames the apparent acceleration of the virtual particles of the ...

  6. Consideration of gravitational time delay and limitation of equivalence principle of inert and gravitational masses erases the problem of dark matter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mikhail A. Samokhvalov

    2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The work is based on the equation of relativistic dynamics, the law of mass conservation of material body moving in gravitational field and the influence of gravitation on time passage discovered by Einstein. The formulae describing changes of inert and gravitational masses of material body were found. A new formula for the power of gravitational interaction of material bodies was derived. Newtons formula was shown to be the approximation of the new formula. It was determined that the equivalence principle of inert and gravitational masses is not universal. This principle is true with definite accuracy within the Solar system, when the sum of kinetic and potential energies of a material body is equal to zero. Limitation of the equivalence principle of inert and gravitational masses for galactic star systems erases the problem of dark matter.

  7. Test of Einstein Equivalence Principle for 0-spin and half-integer-spin atoms: Search for spin-gravity coupling effects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. G. Tarallo; T. Mazzoni; N. Poli; D. V. Sutyrin; X. Zhang; G. M. Tino

    2014-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

    We report on a conceptually new test of the equivalence principle performed by measuring the acceleration in Earth's gravity field of two isotopes of strontium atoms, namely, the bosonic $^{88}$Sr isotope which has no spin vs the fermionic $^{87}$Sr isotope which has a half-integer spin. The effect of gravity upon the two atomic species has been probed by means of a precision differential measurement of the Bloch frequency for the two atomic matter waves in a vertical optical lattice. We obtain the values $\\eta = (0.2\\pm 1.6)\\times10^{-7}$ for the E\\"otv\\"os parameter and $k=(0.5\\pm1.1)\\times10^{-7}$ for the coupling between nuclear spin and gravity. This is the first reported experimental test of the equivalence principle for bosonic and fermionic particles and opens a new way to the search for the predicted spin-gravity coupling effects.

  8. Photonic quantum memory in two-level ensembles based on modulating the refractive index in time: equivalence to gradient echo memory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clark, James; Simon, Christoph

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a quantum memory protocol that allows to store light in ensembles of two-level atoms, e.g. rare-earth ions doped into a crystal, by modulating the refractive index of the host medium of the atoms linearly in time. We show that under certain conditions the resulting dynamics is equivalent to that underlying the gradient echo memory protocol, which relies on a spatial gradient of the atomic resonance frequencies. We discuss the prospects for an experimental implementation.

  9. Comparisons of Lower Cambrian ( ) Chilhowee Group siliciclastics of the frontal Blue Ridge with possible equivalents in the central Blue Ridge and basement massifs in the southern Appalachians

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aylor, J.G. Jr.; Tull, J.F. (Florida State Univ., Tallahassee, FL (United States). Dept. of Geology)

    1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Lower Cambrian Chilhowee Group (CG) along the Blue Ridge (BR) foreland boundary may also be represented in more internal parts of the orogen. The relative palinspastic positions of these more internal CG( ) sequences are poorly constrained, but they are believed to represent more outboard facies than those along the frontal BR. Although correlation with CG rocks of the frontal BR is indefinite due to metamorphism and polydeformation, correlative sequences may include the cover of the Corbin and Salem Church gneisses (Pinelog Fm.), Grandfather Mountain window, Murphy belt (MB) (Hiwassee River Group), Tallulah and Toxaway domes (TTD) (quartzite-schist member of the Tallulah Falls Fm.), Pine Mountain window (Hollis Quartzite), and Sauratown Mountains window (Hogan Creek and Sauratown Fms.). The CG is generally bounded on the west by the Great Smoky fault. Siliciclastics of the CG represent stacked, coarsening upward sequences, separated by transgressive facies, and capped by a highstand of the Shady Dolomite or its equivalents. CG correlations in the Kahatchee Mountain Group of the Talladega belt and the siliciclastics in the Hiwassee River Group of the MB are supported by fossil constraints. Other units are correlated with CG based upon intimate associations with marble believed to be equivalent to the overlying Lower Cambrian Shady Dolomite, or upon presumed uncomformable relationships above Grenville basement. The CG averages about 1,260 meters thickness at the frontal BR, whereas lower siliciclastics in the MB average 1,830 meters. The Pinelog Fm. is up to 600 meters thick. The Hollis Quartzite is approximately 325 meters thick, and the estimated thickness of the quartz-schist member at Tallulah Falls is up to 900 meters. More distal siliciclastics of the central BR in the MB and distal siliciclastics overlying basement were deposited farther out on the shelf as stratigraphic, litho-facies equivalents of shallower marine and continental deposits of the CG.

  10. TECHNICAL BASIS FOR DOE STANDARD 3013 EQUIVALENCY SUPPORTING REDUCED TEMPERATURE STABILIZATION OF OXALATE-DERIVED PLUTONIUM DIOXIDE PRODUCED BY THE HB-LINE FACILITY AT SAVANNAH RIVER SITE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duffey, J. M.; Livingston, R. R.; Berg, J. M.; Veirs, D. K.

    2013-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

    This report documents the technical basis for determining that stabilizing highpurity PuO{sub 2} derived from oxalate precipitation at the SRS HB-Line facility at a minimum of 625 {degree}C for at least four hours in an oxidizing atmosphere is equivalent to stabilizing at a minimum of 950 {degree}C for at least two hours as regards meeting the objectives of stabilization defined by DOE-STD-3013 if the material is handled in a way to prevent excessive absorption of water.

  11. Researchers at Montana State University and Idaho National Lab have developed a process to effectively and efficiently clean natural and man-made porous material of radioactive contamination. The system eliminates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    to effectively and efficiently clean natural and man-made porous material of radioactive contamination. The system eliminates the practice of full demolition and removal of contaminated objects and can address contaminated substrate. Thus, building walls (interior or exterior), floors and ceilings can be remediated

  12. Low loss factor Co{sub 2}Z ferrite composites with equivalent permittivity and permeability for ultra-high frequency applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Su, Zhijuan; Chang, Hong; Sokolov, Alexander S.; Hu, Bolin; Chen, Yajie, E-mail: y.chen@neu.edu; Harris, Vincent G. [Center for Microwave Magnetic Materials and Integrated Circuits, Northeastern University, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA and the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Northeastern University, Boston, Massachusetts 02115 (United States); Wang, Xian [Center for Microwave Magnetic Materials and Integrated Circuits, Northeastern University, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, USA and the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Northeastern University, Boston, Massachusetts 02115 (United States); School of Optical and Electronic Information, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074 (China)

    2014-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Ferrite composites of nominal composition Ba{sub 3}Co{sub 2+x}Ir{sub x}Fe{sub 24?2x}O{sub 41} were studied in order to achieve low magnetic and dielectric losses and equivalent permittivity and permeability over a frequency range of 0.31?GHz. Crystallographic structure was characterized by X-ray diffraction, which revealed a Z-type phase accompanied by increasing amounts of Y-type phase as the iridium amount was increased. The measured microwave dielectric and magnetic properties showed that the loss tan??{sub ?} and loss tan??{sub ?} decreased by 80% and 90% at 0.8?GHz with the addition of iridium of x?=?0.12 and 0.15, respectively. An effective medium approximation was adopted to analyze the composite ferrites having mixed phase structures. Moreover, adding Bi{sub 2}O{sub 3} enabled equivalent values of real permittivity and real permeability over the studied frequency range. The resultant data give rise to low loss factors, i.e., tan??{sub ?}/???=?0.008 and tan??{sub ?}/???=?0.037 at 0.8?GHz, while characteristic impedance was the same as that of free space.

  13. Criticality Safety Analysis on the Mixed Be, Nat-U, and C (Graphite) Reflectors in 55-Gallon Waste Drums and Their Equivalents for HWM Applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chou, P

    2011-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this analysis is to develop and establish the technical basis on the criticality safety controls for the storage of mixed beryllium (Be), natural uranium (Nat-U), and carbon (C)/graphite reflectors in 55-gallon waste containers and/or their equivalents in Hazardous Waste Management (HWM) facilities. Based on the criticality safety limits and controls outlined in Section 3.0, the operations involving the use of mixed-reflector drums satisfy the double-contingency principle as required by DOE Order 420.1 and are therefore criticality safe. The mixed-reflector mass limit is 120 grams for each 55-gallon drum or its equivalent. a reflector waiver of 50 grams is allowed for Be, Nat-U, or C/graphite combined. The waived reflectors may be excluded from the reflector mass calculations when determining if a drum is compliant. The mixed-reflector drums are allowed to mix with the typical 55-gallon one-reflector drums with a Pu mass limit of 120 grams. The fissile mass limit for the mixed-reflector container is 65 grams of Pu equivalent each. The corresponding reflector mass limits are 300 grams of Be, and/or 100 kilograms of Nat-U, and/or 110 kilograms of C/graphite for each container. All other unaffected control parameters for the one-reflector containers remain in effect for the mixed-reflector drums. For instance, Superior moderators, such as TrimSol, Superla white mineral oil No. 9, paraffin, and polyethylene, are allowed in unlimited quantities. Hydrogenous materials with a hydrogen density greater than 0.133 gram/cc are not allowed. Also, an isolation separation of no less than 76.2 cm (30-inch) is required between a mixed array and any other array. Waste containers in the action of being transported are exempted from this 76.2-cm (30-inch) separation requirement. All deviations from the CS controls and mass limits listed in Section 3.0 will require individual criticality safety analyses on a case-by-case basis for each of them to confirm their criticality safety prior to their deployment and implementation.

  14. Demonstrating 1 nm-oxide-equivalent-thickness HfO{sub 2}/InSb structure with unpinning Fermi level and low gate leakage current density

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Trinh, Hai-Dang [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Chiao Tung University, 1001 University Road, Hsinchu, Taiwan (China) [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Chiao Tung University, 1001 University Road, Hsinchu, Taiwan (China); Department of Physics, Hanoi National University of Education, 136 Xuan Thuy, Cau Giay, Hanoi (Viet Nam); Lin, Yueh-Chin; Nguyen, Hong-Quan; Luc, Quang-Ho [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Chiao Tung University, 1001 University Road, Hsinchu, Taiwan (China)] [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Chiao Tung University, 1001 University Road, Hsinchu, Taiwan (China); Nguyen, Minh-Thuy; Duong, Quoc-Van; Nguyen, Manh-Nghia [Department of Physics, Hanoi National University of Education, 136 Xuan Thuy, Cau Giay, Hanoi (Viet Nam)] [Department of Physics, Hanoi National University of Education, 136 Xuan Thuy, Cau Giay, Hanoi (Viet Nam); Wang, Shin-Yuan [Department of Electronic Engineering, National Chiao Tung University 1001, University Rd., Hsinchu 300, Taiwan (China)] [Department of Electronic Engineering, National Chiao Tung University 1001, University Rd., Hsinchu 300, Taiwan (China); Yi Chang, Edward [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Chiao Tung University, 1001 University Road, Hsinchu, Taiwan (China) [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Chiao Tung University, 1001 University Road, Hsinchu, Taiwan (China); Department of Electronic Engineering, National Chiao Tung University 1001, University Rd., Hsinchu 300, Taiwan (China)

    2013-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    In this work, the band alignment, interface, and electrical characteristics of HfO{sub 2}/InSb metal-oxide-semiconductor structure have been investigated. By using x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analysis, the conduction band offset of 1.78 0.1 eV and valence band offset of 3.35 0.1 eV have been extracted. The transmission electron microscopy analysis has shown that HfO{sub 2} layer would be a good diffusion barrier for InSb. As a result, 1 nm equivalent-oxide-thickness in the 4 nm HfO{sub 2}/InSb structure has been demonstrated with unpinning Fermi level and low leakage current of 10{sup ?4} A/cm{sup ?2}. The D{sub it} value of smaller than 10{sup 12} eV{sup ?1}cm{sup ?2} has been obtained using conduction method.

  15. TECHNICAL BASIS FOR DOE STANDARD 3013 EQUIVALENCY SUPPORTING REDUCED TEMPERATURE STABILIZATION OF OXALATE-DERIVED PLUTONIUM OXIDE PRODUCED BY THE HB-LINE FACILITY AT SAVANNAH RIVER SITE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duffey, J.; Livingston, R.; Berg, J.; Veirs, D.

    2012-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The HB-Line (HBL) facility at the Savannah River Site (SRS) is designed to produce high-purity plutonium dioxide (PuO{sub 2}) which is suitable for future use in production of Mixed Oxide (MOX) fuel. The MOX Fuel Fabrication Facility (MFFF) requires PuO{sub 2} feed to be packaged per the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Standard 3013 (DOE-STD-3013) to comply with the facility's safety basis. The stabilization conditions imposed by DOE-STD-3013 for PuO{sub 2} (i.e., 950 C for 2 hours) preclude use of the HBL PuO{sub 2} in direct fuel fabrication and reduce the value of the HBL product as MFFF feedstock. Consequently, HBL initiated a technical evaluation to define acceptable operating conditions for production of high-purity PuO{sub 2} that fulfills the DOE-STD-3013 criteria for safe storage. The purpose of this document is to demonstrate that within the defined operating conditions, the HBL process will be equivalent for meeting the requirements of the DOE-STD-3013 stabilization process for plutonium-bearing materials from the DOE complex. The proposed 3013 equivalency reduces the prescribed stabilization temperature for high-purity PuO{sub 2} from oxalate precipitation processes from 950 C to 640 C and places a limit of 60% on the relative humidity (RH) at the lowest material temperature. The equivalency is limited to material produced using the HBL established flow sheet, for example, nitric acid anion exchange and Pu(IV) direct strike oxalate precipitation with stabilization at a minimum temperature of 640 C for four hours (h). The product purity must meet the MFFF acceptance criteria of 23,600 {micro}g/g Pu (i.e., 2.1 wt %) total impurities and chloride content less than 250 {micro}g/g of Pu. All other stabilization and packaging criteria identified by DOE-STD-3013-2012 or earlier revisions of the standard apply. Based on the evaluation of test data discussed in this document, the expert judgment of the authors supports packaging the HBL product under a 3013 equivalency. Under the defined process conditions and associated material specifications, the high-purity PuO{sub 2} produced in HBL presents no unique safety concerns for packaging or storage in the 3013 required configuration. The PuO{sub 2} produced using the HBL flow sheet conditions will have a higher specific surface area (SSA) than PuO{sub 2} stabilized at 950 C and, consequently, under identical conditions will adsorb more water from the atmosphere. The greatest challenge to HBL operators will be controlling moisture content below 0.5 wt %. However, even at the 0.5 wt % moisture limit, the maximum acceptable pressure of a stoichiometric mixture of hydrogen and oxygen in the 3013 container is greater than the maximum possible pressure for the HBL PuO{sub 2} product.

  16. One Man's Trash is Another Man's Fuel | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    working to support landfill gas projects across the country. Landfill gas is a type of biogas, a natural gas produced by biological sources rather than fossil fuels. Other biogas...

  17. A novel approach to brachytherapy in hepatocellular carcinoma using a phosphorous{sup 32} ({sup 32}P) brachytherapy delivery device-a first-in-man study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goh, Anthony Soon-Whatt [Department of Nuclear Medicine, Singapore General Hospital (Singapore); Chung, Alexander Yaw-Fui [Department of General Surgery, Singapore General Hospital (Singapore); Lo, Richard Houa-Gong [Department of Radiology, Singapore General Hospital (Singapore); Lau, T.-N. [Radiology Clinic, Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre (Singapore); Yu, Sidney Wing-Kwong [Department of Nuclear Medicine, Singapore General Hospital (Singapore); Chng, May [Clinical Trials Resource Centre, Singapore General Hospital (Singapore); Satchithanantham, Somanesan [Department of Nuclear Medicine, Singapore General Hospital (Singapore); Loong, Susan Li-Er [Department of Radiation Oncology, National Cancer Centre (Singapore); Ng, David Chee-Eng [Department of Nuclear Medicine, Singapore General Hospital (Singapore); Lim, Beng-Choo [pSiOncology Pte. Ltd. (Singapore); Connor, Stephen [pSiMedica Ltd., Malvern (United Kingdom); Chow, Pierce Kah-Hoe [Department of General Surgery and Experimental Surgery, Singapore General Hospital (Singapore)]. E-mail: gsupc@singnet.com.sg

    2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: While potentially very useful, percutaneously delivered brachytherapy of inoperable intra-abdominal solid tumors faces significant technical challenges. This first-in-man study is designed to determine the safety profile and therapeutic efficacy of a novel phosphorous ({sup 32}P) brachytherapy device (BrachySil) in patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma. Methods and Materials: Patients received single percutaneous and transperitoneal implantations of BrachySil under local anesthesia directly into liver tumors under ultrasound or computed tomographic guidance, at an activity level of 4 MBq/cc of tumor. Toxicity was assessed by the nature, incidence, and severity of adverse events (Common Toxicity Criteria scores) and by hematology and clinical chemistry parameters. Target tumor response was assessed with computed tomographic scans at 12 and 24 weeks postimplantation using World Health Organization criteria. Results: Implantations were successfully carried out in 8 patients (13-74 MBq, mean 40 MBq per tumor) awake and under local anesthesia. Six of the 8 patients reported 19 adverse events, but no serious events were attributable to the study device. Changes in hematology and clinical chemistry were similarly minimal and reflected progressive underlying hepatic disease. All targeted tumors were responding at 12 weeks, with complete response (100% regression) in three lesions. At the end of the study, there were two complete responses, two partial responses, three stable diseases, and one progressive disease. Conclusion: Percutaneous implantation of this novel {sup 32}P brachytherapy device into hepatocellular carcinoma is safe and well tolerated. A significant degree of antitumor efficacy was demonstrated at this low dose that warrants further investigation.

  18. on man, nature & air pollution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Finlayson-Pitts, Barbara J

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    activities, par- ticularly fossil-fuel combustion, are theThe combustion of fossil fuels gener- ates nitrogen oxides (those from incomplete fossil-fuel com- bustion, solvent use,

  19. on man, nature & air pollution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Finlayson-Pitts, Barbara J

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    converted to form more nitrogen dioxide (this is where theillustrate the nitrogen dioxide-ozone connection. Aroundnitrogen di- oxide ( no 2)as well as particles, organ- ic compounds, and sulfur dioxide (

  20. Bedsides and The pencil man

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    not stood up for it close to 50 years ago. He extended the transformational power of education, culture envelope inside. How much is up to you but we suggest a $25 minimum contribution. The ECU Foundation

  1. Materials Man (Release) | Jefferson Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces andMapping the Nanoscale LandscapeImports 5.90 4.86

  2. Dead Mans Run parking for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farritor, Shane

    @unlnotes.unl.edu or telephone: at (402) 472-1800. Current as of August 27, 2012 Motorcycle Parking Motorcycle Parking 32 5 6 5 5

  3. APPROXIMATELY UNITARILY EQUIVALENT MORPHISMS AND ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

    paper we deal exclusively with asymptotic morphisms from nuclear C*-algebras. It was observed in [D] that if A is nuclear then any asymptotic morphism from A.

  4. Dose-equivalent neutron dosimeter

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Griffith, R.V.; Hankins, D.E.; Tomasino, L.; Gomaa, M.A.M.

    1981-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

    A neutron dosimeter is disclosed which provides a single measurement indicating the amount of potential biological damage resulting from the neutron exposure of the wearer, for a wide range of neutron energies. The dosimeter includes a detecting sheet of track etch detecting material such as a carbonate plastic, for detecting higher energy neutrons, and a radiator layer contaning conversion material such as /sup 6/Li and /sup 10/B lying adjacent to the detecting sheet for converting moderate energy neutrons to alpha particles that produce tracks in the adjacent detecting sheet.

  5. Asymptotic equivalence of impulsive systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The theorem is proved. REFERENCES. 1. A. M. Samoilenko and N. A. Perestyuk, Impulsive Differential Equations [in Russian], Vyshcha Shkola, Kiev (1987). 2.

  6. Johnson Origins of Equivalent Circuits Origins of the Equivalent Circuit Concept: The Current-Source Equivalent

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    as a research assistant for Lenard until 1922, and then joined Hause-Siemens. He became Director of Siemens Research Laboratory in 1936. Except for interludes during and after World War II, he worked for Siemens about 1940 and comes from the historical pho- tograph collection provided on a CD by the Siemens

  7. An energy equivalency analysis of trade-offs between thermal efficiency and standby loss requirements for commercial gas service water heaters

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Somasundaram, S.; Jarnagin, R.E.; Keller, J.M.; Schliesing, J.S.

    1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Inc. (ASHRAE) Standing Standard Project Committee 90.1 has approved an addendum (90.lb) to ASHRAE/IES Standard 90.1-1989. The addendum specifies an increase in the minimum thermal efficiency requirement (from 77% to 78%), accompanied by an easing of the standby loss requirements, for commercial gas-fired service water heaters. The Pacific Northwest Laboratory performed an energy equivalency analysis to assess the impact of trade-offs between the improved thermal efficiency and the less stringent standby loss requirements. The analysis objective was to estimate whether the energy savings during firing would offset the increased energy losses during standby periods. The primary focus of this report is to summarize the major results of the analysis and provide a recommendation for minimum energy-efficiency commercial gas-fired service water heaters. Limitations to the availability of detailed performance and energy-use data for these commercial water heaters are also pointed out.

  8. The interactive effects of pH, surface tension, and solution density for flotation systems for separation of equivalent-density materials: separation of ABS from HIPS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Karvelas, D.E.; Jody, B.J.; Pomykala, J.A.; Daniels, E.J.

    1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper presents the results of research being conducted at Argonne National Laboratory, to develop a cost-effective and environmentally acceptable process for the separation of high-value plastics from discarded household appliances. The process under development has separated high-purity (greater than 99.5%) acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS) and high-impact polystyrene (HIPS) from commingled plastics generated by appliance-shredding and metal recovery operations. Plastics of similar densities, such as ABS and HIPS are further separated by using a chemical solution. By controlling the surface tension, the density and the temperature of the chemical solution, we are able to selectively float/separate plastics that have equivalent densities. In laboratory-scale tests, this technique has proven highly effective in recovering high-purity plastics materials from discarded household appliances and other obsolete durable goods. A pilot plant is under construction to demonstrate and assess the technical and economic performance of this process. In this paper, we examine the technical and economic issues that affect the recovery and separation of plastics and provide an update on Argonne`s plastics separation research and development activities.

  9. 4/20/12 9:52 PMPittsburgh Magazine | A Man and His Mission: Dr. Jim Withers Page 1 of 7http://www.pittsburghmagazine.com/core/pagetools.php?pageid=13286&...Jim-Withers%2Findex.php%3Fcparticle%3D3%26siarticle%3D2&mode=print

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldman, Steven A.

    4/20/12 9:52 PMPittsburgh Magazine | A Man and His Mission: Dr. Jim Withers Page 1 of 7http://www.pittsburghmagazine.com/core/pagetools.php?pageid=13286&...Jim-Withers%2Findex.php%3Fcparticle%3D3%26siarticle%3D2&mode=print Send to printer Close window:52 PMPittsburgh Magazine | A Man and His Mission: Dr. Jim Withers Page 2 of 7http://www.pittsburghmagazine.com/core/pagetools.php

  10. Ph.D. Recipients listed by recipient. 1 1937 Ablard, James Elbert D.Sc. Advisor: J. C. Warner Equivalent conductance, dissociation constants and heats of dissociation of triethylamine in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kurnikova, Maria

    Equivalent conductance, dissociation constants and heats of dissociation of triethylamine in alcohol-water decomposition of molecular hydrogen as a source of hydrogen atoms in chemical kinetics 1977 Aksoy, Mark Ph Synthesis, boron-11 shift assignments and correlations for halogenated decaboranes, carboranes

  11. Plutonium Equivalent Inventory for Belowground Radioactive Waste at the Los Alamos National Laboratory Technical Area 54, Area G Disposal Facility - Fiscal Year 2011

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    French, Sean B. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Shuman, Rob [WPS: WASTE PROJECTS AND SERVICES

    2012-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

    The Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) generates radioactive waste as a result of various activities. Many aspects of the management of this waste are conducted at Technical Area 54 (TA-54); Area G plays a key role in these management activities as the Laboratory's only disposal facility for low-level radioactive waste (LLW). Furthermore, Area G serves as a staging area for transuranic (TRU) waste that will be shipped to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant for disposal. A portion of this TRU waste is retrievably stored in pits, trenches, and shafts. The radioactive waste disposed of or stored at Area G poses potential short- and long-term risks to workers at the disposal facility and to members of the public. These risks are directly proportional to the radionuclide inventories in the waste. The Area G performance assessment and composite analysis (LANL, 2008a) project long-term risks to members of the public; short-term risks to workers and members of the public, such as those posed by accidents, are addressed by the Area G Documented Safety Analysis (LANL, 2011a). The Documented Safety Analysis uses an inventory expressed in terms of plutonium-equivalent curies, referred to as the PE-Ci inventory, to estimate these risks. The Technical Safety Requirements for Technical Area 54, Area G (LANL, 2011b) establishes a belowground radioactive material limit that ensures the cumulative projected inventory authorized for the Area G site is not exceeded. The total belowground radioactive waste inventory limit established for Area G is 110,000 PE-Ci. The PE-Ci inventory is updated annually; this report presents the inventory prepared for 2011. The approach used to estimate the inventory is described in Section 2. The results of the analysis are presented in Section 3.

  12. A Rational Irrational Man? A man is a key subject of economics. "A man is irrational" -this opinion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    overview of the "state of the art" in the theory of rational decision making since the 1950's" in Egidi

  13. The Arawak / Lokono word for man Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    /L are spoken in the lowlands of the Guianas, especially in Suriname, but also in French Guiana. Historical in Suriname1 . The Arawaks are an Amazonian people who lived in the coastal area of Guianas. Great travellers of the Surinamese creoles' (115-151), in Atlas of the Languages of Suriname, E. B. Carlin and J. Arends, 2002, KITLV

  14. Space nuclear power and man's extraterrestrial civilization

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Angelo, J.J.; Buden, D.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper examines leading space nuclear power technology candidates. Particular emphasis is given the heat-pipe reactor technology currently under development at the Los Alamos National Laboratory. This program is aimed at developing a 10-100 kWe, 7-year lifetime space nuclear power plant. As the demand for space-based power reaches megawatt levels, other nuclear reactor designs including: solid core, fluidized bed, and gaseous core, are considered.

  15. INNOVATION IN MAN-MADE FIBRES: CORPORATE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sussex, University of

    ) and other intermediate materials · Manufacture of composite parts 13 #12;CARBON FIBRE Two key innovations in fibres and textiles, composite materials, IT-related products and other products Lenzing (Austria): leading producer of cellulosic fibres 2 #12;THE TWO PRODUCTS Carbon fibre High-strength material used

  16. Graduate Student Fellows: MAN KWAN (TRISTA) NG

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Wei

    and the tool lifetime can be lengthened. Surface texture also makes contributions in energy generation generation rate can be achieved. Textures on algae farms also promotes the growth rate of algae to speed up, 2014 Faculty Advisors: JIAN CAO, JANE WANG Academic Disciplines: MECHANICAL ENGINEERING, TRIBOLOGY

  17. Man's Best Friend as a Reading Facilitator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shaw, Donita J.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and fuzzy program (Friesen, 2009). Small-scale studies of R.E.A.D. have consistently shown that R.E.A.D. improves students reading skill and motivation (Heyer, 2007; Martin, 2001). Heyer (2007), who was enrolled in a masters program with an emphasis..., address sanitation concerns. Ninth, inform colleagues, staff and families about the program. Tenth, prepare children and staff with an informative session. Eleventh, plan for the dogs safety and well-being. Twelfth, decide how expansive the program...

  18. Radioactivity in man: levels, effects and unknowns

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rundo, J.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The report discusses the potential for significant human exposure to internal radiation. Sources of radiation considered include background radiation, fallout, reactor accidents, radioactive waste, and occupational exposure to various radioisotopes. (ACR)

  19. Charlie Manning | Y-12 National Security Complex

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed New Substation SitesStandingtheir AtmosphericAnalysisVentsCharles E.CharlesCharles

  20. MAN Ferrostaal Incorporated | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429Lacey,(MonasterLowell Point, Alaska:Luz IILynnM Setek Co Ltd JumpM1MANMAN

  1. MAN Solar Millennium | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429Lacey,(MonasterLowell Point, Alaska:Luz IILynnM Setek Co Ltd JumpM1MANMANMAN

  2. The origin of man Manuel Alfonseca

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alfonseca, Manuel

    predict that abortion will become one day the disgrace and the shame of our time. Scientifically, the question poses no problems. For a biologist, there isn't any doubt that every individual generated

  3. Going Where No Man Can Go

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robinson, C.W.

    2004-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper discusses the successful remote visual inspection of a contaminated air exhaust tunnel running beneath the Savannah River Site's H-Canyon nuclear material separations facility. The air exhaust tunnel has been in operation since the 1950's, and the portion of the tunnel inspected has not been seen or accessed since startup. Numerous challenges were overcome in the deployment of the vehicle, including an initial 10-ft drop, travelling a long distance through harsh environmental conditions, surviving and recovering from a second vertical drop, turning 90 degrees, and subsequently travelling further. Video of the entire inspection was transmitted back to a control station, and the vehicle was abandoned in place for possible future use.

  4. Parsing ERK Activation Reveals Quantitatively Equivalent Contributions...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    experimental studies of the dynamic interactions between EGFR and HER2, and their downstream activation of extracellular signal-related kinase (ERK) to understand this complex...

  5. Snow water equivalent estimation using blackbox optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alarie et al.

    2011-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Feb 23, 2011 ... managing water resources for hydroelectric power generation. SWE over ..... of the surrogate is very low and testing in a parallel environment is.

  6. Operationally-Based Theories of Program Equivalence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pitts, Andrew

    programming by several people: see Dybjer and Sander (1989); Abramsky (1990); Howe (1989, Howe (1996); Egidi

  7. Designating Responsibility for Equivalencies or Exemptions from...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Management Delegate: Matthew S McCormick, Manager, Richland Operations Office (RL); Scott L. Samuelson, Manager, Office of River Protection (ORP); David C. Moody, Manager,...

  8. Equivalence in Ventilation and Indoor Air Quality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sherman, Max

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    environment: PM 2.5 , acrolein, and formaldehyde. There isAcetaldehyde Acrolein Benzene Formaldehyde Naphthalenethat total are PM 2.5 , acrolein, formaldehyde, and ozone.

  9. Asymptotic Unitary Equivalence in KK-Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2001-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

    [Kas80a] Kasparov, G. G.: Hilbert C?-modules: Theorems of Stinespring and Voiculescu, J. Operator Theory 4(1) (1980), 133150. [Kas80b] Kasparov, G. G.:...

  10. Approximately unitarily equivalent morphisms and inductive limit ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    morphisms are homotopic. In this paper we deal exclusively with asymptotic mor- phisms from nuclear C*-algebras. It was observed in [D] that if A is nuclear then.

  11. Fundamental Frequency Equivalenting Of Series Capacitors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    With Movs In

    series compensated line with Series Capacitors (SCs) and their Metal-Oxide Varistors (MOVs) installed in

  12. Deciding DPDA Equivalence is Primitive Recursive

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stirling, Colin

    of Edinburgh email: cps@dcs.ed.ac.uk January 2002 Abstract A determinisitic decision procedure for deciding #12; I produced a di#erent proof of decidability that is essentially a simplification of S between premises. Essentially this is S??enizergues's use of weights, and the idea was developed from

  13. Deciding DPDA Equivalence is Primitive Recursive

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stirling, Colin

    of Edinburgh email: cps@dcs.ed.ac.uk January 2002 Abstract A determinisitic decision procedure for deciding #12;I produced a different proof of decidability that is essentially a simplification of S between premises. Essentially this is S´enizergues's use of weights, and the idea was developed from

  14. On Process Equivalence = Equation Solving in CCS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bundy, Alan; Monroy, Raul; Green, Ian

    turned into equation solving (Lin 1995a). Existing tools for this proof task, such as VPAM (Lin 1993), are highly interactive. We introduce a method that automates the use of UFI. The method uses middle-out reasoning (Bundy et al. 1990a) and, so, is able...

  15. Chapter_16_Equivalencies_and_Exemptions

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up fromDepartmentTieCelebrate Earth Day with SecretaryDerivedof&6. LIST OF::1246

  16. NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent at Processing Plants

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia,(Million Barrels) Crude Oil Reserves in Nonproducing Reservoirs Year2per ThousandWellhead+WellheadMr.NEMSNGPLNGPL

  17. Property:Equivalent URI | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDIT REPORTOpenWende New Energy CoFirstNovosPatriot WindSubproperties

  18. A Lattice Non-Perturbative Hamiltonian Construction of 1+1D Anomaly-Free Chiral Fermions and Bosons - on the equivalence of the anomaly matching conditions and the boundary fully gapping rules

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Juven Wang; Xiao-Gang Wen

    2014-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

    A non-perturbative Hamiltonian construction of chiral fermions and bosons with anomaly-free symmetry $G$ in 1+1D spacetime is proposed. More precisely, we ask "whether there is a local short-range finite quantum Hamiltonian system realizing onsite symmetry $G$ defined on a 1D spatial lattice with a continuous time, such that its low energy physics produces a 1+1D anomaly-free chiral matter theory of symmetry $G$?" Our answer is "yes." In particular, we show that the 3$_L$-5$_R$-4$_L$-0$_R$ U(1) chiral fermion theory, with two left-moving fermions of charge-3 and charge-4, and two right-moving fermions of charge-5 and charge-0 at low energy, can be put on a 1D spatial lattice where the U(1) symmetry is realized as an onsite symmetry, if we include properly-designed interactions between fermions with intermediate strength. We show how to design such proper interactions by looking for interaction terms with extra symmetries. In general, we show that any 1+1D U(1)-anomaly-free chiral matter theory can be defined as a finite system on 1D lattice with onsite symmetry, by using a quantum Hamiltonian with a continuous time, if we include properly-designed interactions between matter fields. We comment on the new ingredients and the differences of ours comparing to Eichten-Preskill and Chen-Giedt-Poppitz models, and suggest modifying Chen-Giedt-Poppitz model to have successful mirror-decoupling. As an additional remark, we show a topological non-perturbative proof on the equivalence relation between 't Hooft anomaly matching conditions and the boundary fully gapping rules of U(1) symmetry.

  19. BIOENERGIZEME INFOGRAPHIC CHALLENGE: One Man's Yardwaste is Another Man's Energy (BioHydrogen)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This infographic was created by students from Nikola Tesla STEM High School in Redmond, WA, as part of the U.S. Department of Energy-BioenergizeME Infographic Challenge. The BioenergizeME...

  20. ROAD-MAN-LANDSCAPE -IN THEORY ASB155 Road-man-landscape -in theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and environmental requirements. Innehåll: Course content: New roads in the landscape. Conversion concepts in traffic planning, road construction, landscape architecture, urban architecture, planning for masters (graduate) students of engineering, architecture and landscape architecture, and future planners

  1. ROAD-MAN-LANDSCAPE -DESIGNPROJECT ASB150 Road-man-landscape -designproject

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , landscape and environmental requirements. Innehåll: Course content: New roads in the landscape. Conversion concepts in traffic planning, road construction, landscape architecture, urban architecture, planning (graduate) students of engineering, architecture and landscape architecture, and future planners

  2. Definitions Conjugacy Classification Flow equivalence Flow classification Flow equivalence of shift spaces (and their

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eilers, Søren

    K floor 2 x , 1 2 yC 1 2 floor 2 x with(plots): tra:=plot([seq([(b@@n)(0.243453,0.7232)],n=0..20)],x=0..1,y=0..1, color=black); tra := PLOT ... pts:=[seq(disk([(b@@n)(0.243453,0.7232)],0.01,color=black),n=0.6 0.8 1 y 0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1 seq(floor(2*(b@@(n))(0.243453,0.7232)[1]),n=0..20); 0, 0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1

  3. Scanning Our Past Origins of the Equivalent Circuit Concept: The Current-Source Equivalent

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    as a research assistant for Lenard until 1922, and then joined Hause-Siemens. He became Director of Siemens Research Laboratory in 1936. Except for interludes during and after World War II, he worked for Siemens represented Siemens as a technical expert in negotiations with companies outside Germany, he had

  4. MagLab - Timeline of Electricity and Magnetism: 1890 - 1899

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    - 1939 1940 - 1959 1960 - 1979 1980 - 2003 During experiments with cathode ray tubes, German physicist Wilhelm Roentgen discovered a previously unknown form of electromagnetic...

  5. E-Print Network 3.0 - announces gold medalists Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of 62 Auditorium University of Rochester Medical Center Summary: Medal of the Society for Pediatric Radiology and a 2004 Gold Medalists of the American Roentgen Ray... of added...

  6. DOE 2012 Occupational Radiation Exposure October 2013

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2012-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Analysis within the Office of Health, Safety and Security (HSS) publishes the annual DOE Occupational Radiation Exposure Report to provide an overview of the status of radiation protection practices at DOE (including the National Nuclear Security Administration [NNSA]). The DOE 2012 Occupational Radiation Exposure Report provides an evaluation of DOE-wide performance regarding compliance with Title 10, Code of Federal Regulations (C.F.R.), Part 835, Occupational Radiation Protection dose limits and as low as reasonably achievable (ALARA) process requirements. In addition, the report provides data to DOE organizations responsible for developing policies for protection of individuals from the adverse health effects of radiation. The report provides a summary and an analysis of occupational radiation exposure information from the monitoring of individuals involved in DOE activities. Over the past 5-year period, the occupational radiation exposure information is analyzed in terms of aggregate data, dose to individuals, and dose by site. As an indicator of the overall amount of radiation dose received during the conduct of operations at DOE, the report includes information on collective total effective dose (TED). The TED is comprised of the effective dose (ED) from external sources, which includes neutron and photon radiation, and the internal committed effective dose (CED), which results from the intake of radioactive material into the body. The collective ED from photon exposure decreased by 23% between 2011 and 2012, while the neutron dose increased by 5%. The internal dose components of the collective TED decreased by 7%. Over the past 5-year period, 99.99% of the individuals receiving measurable TED have received doses below the 2 roentgen equivalent in man (rems) (20 millisievert [mSv]) TED administrative control level (ACL), which is well below the DOE regulatory limit of 5 rems (50 mSv) TED annually. The occupational radiation exposure records show that in 2012, DOE facilities continued to comply with DOE dose limits and ACLs and worked to minimize exposure to individuals. The DOE collective TED decreased 17.1% from 2011 to 2012. The collective TED decreased at three of the five sites with the largest collective TED. u Idaho Site Collective dose reductions were achieved as a result of continuing improvements at the Advanced Mixed Waste Treatment Project (AMWTP) through the planning of drum movements that reduced the number of times a container is handled; placement of waste containers that created highradiation areas in a centralized location; and increased worker awareness of high-dose rate areas. In addition, Idaho had the largest decrease in the total number of workers with measurable TED (1,143 fewer workers). u Hanford Site (Hanford) An overall reduction of decontamination and decommissioning (D&D) activities at the Plutonium Finishing Plant (PFP) and Transuranic (TRU) retrieval activities resulted in collective dose reductions. u Savannah River Site (SRS) Reductions were achieved through ALARA initiatives employed site wide. The Solid Waste Management Facility used extended specialty tools, cameras and lead shield walls to facilitate removal of drums. These tools and techniques reduce exposure time through improved efficiency, increase distance from the source of radiation by remote monitoring, shield the workers to lower the dose rate, and reduce the potential for contamination and release of material through repacking of waste. Overall, from 2011 to 2012, there was a 19% decrease in the number of workers with measurable dose. Furthermore, due to a slight decrease in both the DOE workforce (7%) and monitored workers (10%), the ratio of workers with measurable doses to monitored workers decreased to 13%. Another primary indicator of the level of radiation exposure covered in this report is the average measurable dose, which normalizes the collective dose over the population of workers who actually received a measurable dose. The average measurable TED in

  7. Paying Attention to the Man behind the Curtain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cummings, M. L.

    In the push to develop smart energy systems, designers have increasingly focused on systems that measure and predict user behavior to effect optimal energy consumption. While such focus is an important component in these ...

  8. Laughter and Ethnicity in John Leguizamo's One-Man Worlds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chirico, Miriam M.

    2002-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to the audience, the facade they have brazenly put forth begins to erode under their frank admissions of fears and doubts. His characters are earnest and quirky, and derive their appeal not only from the stories they tell but also from the vocal and physical... North America culture to sustain its idea of progress or their idea of communion, either" (Lahr 143). While the anger of these marginalized characters is immediately evident in their actions, the hurt, humiliation, and broken dreams are slowly...

  9. Dr. Michael J. OttMan Specialist, Plant Sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wong, Pak Kin

    high yield potential, high HVAC, short stature and is intended for the identity preserved market. Q for the identity preserved market. Duraking is a high-yielding, late variety with good lodging resistance and high test weight and is intended for the general purpose market. Havasu has intermediate yield potential

  10. MFR PAPER 1013 Man-made changes In south Flortda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Clilt (oa,lal I I .. heric" ( t ill er, Panailla (ih I alloralor,. l'aJlallla (il\\ , II .n~OI , nO\\~n 10

  11. Toward a Remotely-Manned Energy and Production Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minsky, Marvin

    1979-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We can solve many problems of Energy, Health, Productivity, and Environmental Quality by improving the technology of remote control. This will produce Nuclear Safety and Security, Advances in Mining, Increases in ...

  12. Sacred Playground: Adult Play and Transformation at Burning Man

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heller, Sarah Megan

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    University Press. Huizinga, Johan 1955 Homo Ludens: A Studyfor a species. Historian Johan Huizinga identified a play-games to governments (Huizinga 1955; Malaby 2009a). Moving

  13. Lab 9: Coasts Natural and Man-made Hazards Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Po

    lakes and the oceans. These are wind-produced waves that affect only the top part of the body of water) equals half the wavelength (L). Types Waves are produced as wind blows over a water surface. Originates a continuous water surface) Variations of these three factors produce different wave types: seas are short

  14. Rev. of Representative Man: Ralph Waldo Emerson, by Joel Porte

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levine, Stuart

    1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    interest, but, Peck argues (taking his cues from D. H. Lawrence and Gaston Bachelard), a childlike quality that addresses our primal "need for a world contained," for a psychological-aesthetic enclosure of the wilderness. Although Peck does not succeed... in persuading us that a poetics of space is the principal source of Cooper's appeal, he does blend biography with close reading and lucid theory to produce a partial but useful survey of the intellectual and emotional boundaries within which this novelist...

  15. Galapagos Shearwaters Killed by Man-O'-War Birds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ronald W. Smith Journal: Condor Volume: 41 Issue: 5 (September-October) Section: From Field and Study Year: 1939 Pages: 216

  16. A Man's Face in the Sky Instead of the Sun

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rolf, Daniel

    2012-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This is Daniel Rolf's thesis. It consists of short, interrelated fictions that work together as a whole.

  17. 2006 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ryu, Jee-Hwan

    energy with each other. The time-domain passivity controller has the landing force as input and controls studies in walking trajectory gener- ation [7],[8] and online (real-time) balance control [9],[10] during Engineering, Korea University of Technology and Education, Cheoan-city, 330-708, Republic of Korea j hryu

  18. Stratigraphie und Datierung Stratigraphy: a poor-man's version

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siebel, Wolfgang

    ;Das Finnigan MAT 262 Massenspektrometer in der Geochemie #12;Measuring Uranium-series nuclides crust mantle depleted mantle 87Sr/86Sr Rb Sr Rb Sr 87Sr/86Sr ratio of the crust is higher than-78 ppm Rb, 260-333 ppm Sr Depleted Mantle: 0.6 ppm Rb, 19.9 ppm Sr #12;Dating methods and Closure

  19. Micro and Man-Portable Fuel Cells | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion | Department of EnergyDevelopmentTechnologies |CharlesDepartmentMichigan StateMicro and

  20. Man: The Jewel of Jewels or The Topaz of Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hughes, Marvis

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    sweeps over the land. "And Ethiopia sholl stretch oUl hersmiles &. dour pacon? Egypt-Ethiopia-Sheba-Somalia-Nubia: No

  1. V-Man Generation for 3-D Real Time Animation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nebel, J-C.

    Nebel,J-C. Sibiryakov,A. Ju,X. Symposium on Intelligent Motion and Interaction Within Virtual Environments, IMIVE2003, London, 15-17 September.

  2. Fat Man Dropped on Nagasaki | National Nuclear Security Administration

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsing ZirconiaPolicy andExsolutionFES6FYRANDOMOverview The652 Please note thatFast,Fat

  3. City of Manning, Iowa (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartmentAUDITOhio (UtilityHolyrood, KansasLampasas,Luverne Place:Madison,

  4. Jefferson Lab finds its man Mont (Inside Business) | Jefferson Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFunInfraredJefferson Lab Click

  5. 2011 University of Castilla la ManCha toledo, spain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Change Applications Session A3: Best Management Practices Session F3: Urban Processes and Management Scale Applications Session I4: Hydrology Session B2: Environmental Applications Session G2: Best.m. Discussion & Wrap Up 10:50 a.m. - 12:35 p.m. session a3 - Best management Practices (BmPs) moderator: C

  6. action semantic equivalences: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and non, including lexical synonymy, conversives (buysell), idioms (kick the bucketdie), and more extended Siddharthan, Advaith 154 Nested Semantics over Finite Trees...

  7. Equivalence of trans paths in ion channels Juan Alvarez*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hajek, Bruce

    explore stochastic models for the study of ion transport in biological cells. Analysis of these models explains and explores an interesting feature of ion transport observed by biophysicists. Namely the interior and exterior of the cell. The membrane is a lipid bilayer that is essentially impermeable to ions

  8. 2013-2014 Transfer Equivalency Worksheet Milwaukee Area Technical College

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saldin, Dilano

    Resource Planning, International Business, Real Estate, and Investment Management Potential applicants majors: Accounting, Finance, Information Technology Management, Human Resources Management, Marketing of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Lubar School of Business Cultural Diversity Yes No Foreign Language Yes No English

  9. Derivation of Equivalent Continuous Dilution for Cyclic, Unsteady Driving Forces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mortensen, Dorthe K.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Building TechnologiesEnergy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Building Technology

  10. Equivalent Circuit Analysis of Harmonic Distortions in Photodiode

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Paul K.L.

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and C. Boisrobert, Photodiode for coherent detection:Harmonic Distortions in Photodiode H. Jiang and P. K. L. Yu,coef?cient S 11 of the photodiode under dc illumination.

  11. Macroencapsulation Equivalency Guidance for Classified Weapon Components and NNSSWAC Compliance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Poling, J.

    2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) complex has a surplus of classified legacy weapon components generated over the years with no direct path for disposal. The majority of the components have been held for uncertainty of future use or no identified method of sanitization or disposal. As more weapons are retired, there is an increasing need to reduce the amount of components currently in storage or on hold. A process is currently underway to disposition and dispose of the legacy/retired weapons components across the DOE complex.

  12. Classification of Ding's Schubert Varieties: Finer Rook Equivalence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Develin, Mike; Martin, Jeremy L.; Reiner, Victor

    2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and \\i be related as above. Suppose that f in 7L[x\\,..., xn] lies in some subalgebra 7L\\x\\,..., xm]y where m < n. Then the images of f in Rx and R1' have the same standard form f. Our first extreme case arises when A is an indecomposable partition... the subgroup of permutations fixing {1,.... 77} pointwise. Consider the partial flag variety XN = {flags OcVjC-C^C CN : dim V{ = i} . Let w = w\\ - - wn e S,N be a permutation which is a maximum-length repre sentative for its coset in SN/S{+I,+2v...

  13. An equivalent complex permeability model for litz-wire windings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -603-646-3856 Abstract-- Previous methods for calculating power loss in litz- wire windings usually assume very fine effect, increase power loss in windings at high frequencies dramatically. Accurately analyzing eddy of a proximity-effect loss factor, which is power loss per length normalized to the square of external field

  14. Operation and biasing for single device equivalent to CMOS

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Welch, James D. (10328 Pinehurst Ave., Omaha, NE 68124)

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Disclosed are semiconductor devices including at least one junction which is rectifying whether the semiconductor is caused to be N or P-type, by the presence of field induced carriers. In particular, inverting and non-inverting gate voltage channel induced semiconductor single devices with operating characteristics similar to conventional multiple device CMOS systems, which can be operated as modulators, are disclosed as are a non-latching SCR and an approach to blocking parasitic currents. Operation of the gate voltage channel induced semiconductor single devices with operating characteristics similar to multiple device CMOS systems under typical bias schemes is described, and simple demonstrative five mask fabrication procedures for the inverting and non-inverting gate voltage channel induced semiconductor single devices with operating characteristics similar to multiple device CMOS systems are also presented.

  15. Physical Sciences Facility Air Emission Control Equivalency Evaluation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, David M.; Belew, Shan T.

    2008-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

    This document presents the adequacy evaluation for the application of technology standards during design, fabrication, installation and testing of radioactive air exhaust systems at the Physical Sciences Facility (PSF), located on the Horn Rapids Triangle north of the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) complex. The analysis specifically covers the exhaust portion of the heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) systems associated with emission units EP-3410-01-S, EP-3420-01-S and EP 3430-01-S.

  16. CONFIDENTIAL: DO NOT QUOTE 1 Equivalence in Ventilation and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process specific commercial product, process, or service by its trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise ventilate buildings to provide acceptable indoor air quality (IAQ). Ventilation standards (such as American

  17. When are two commutative C*-algebras stably homotopy equivalent?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Katharina Steingraeber Heidelberg 1107 1997 Oct 17 14:59:21

    2000-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Sep 14, 2000 ... Digital Object Identifier (DOI) 10.1007/s002090000143. Math. Z. 235, 499523 ... [13],[7], [21]); thus it is natural to ask whether there is a similar phenomenon for ordinary ...... This is described in the following table, the last row of ..... real rank zero and inductive limit C*-algebras Duke Math. J. 85 (1996), no.

  18. Equivalent circuits and locus diagrams of salient pole synchronous machines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nasar, Syed Abu

    2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

    for the two damper coils. If f is the flux linkage and p ~ d cK m ~ d8 (Figure 16) ~ instantaneous angular velocity Ra ~ per unit armature resistance t ~a 0& + 6 ~y ~ & 5 J 0 fg ~ transformer voltage in coil d due to f' 0y ~ transi'ormer voltage.... The author wishes to express his deep-felt gratitude to Professor M. C. Hughes for his extensive help, encouragement and guidance, Professor N. F. Rode and Dr. E. H. Andrew's Jr ~ ~ for their valuable suggestions, and Nr. James S. Crabbe for his...

  19. FIBERWISE KK-EQUIVALENCE OF CONTINUOUS FIELDS OF C ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Abstract. Let A and B be separable nuclear continuous C(X)-algebras over a fi- nite dimensional compact metrizable space X. It is shown that an element ? of the

  20. Turbulence, orbit equivalence, and the classification of nuclear C

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

    We bound the Borel cardinality of the isomorphism relation for nuclear ... These results depend intimately on the classification theory of nuclear simple C?-...

  1. Equivalent synchronization of chaos in driven and in autonomous systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. G. Cosenza; O. Alvarez-Llamoza; G. Paredes

    2010-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

    It is shown that the synchronization behavior of a system of chaotic maps subject to either an external forcing or a coupling function of their internal variables can be inferred from the behavior of a single element in the system, which can be seen as a single drive-response map. From the conditions for stable synchronization in this single driven-map model with minimal ingredients, we find minimal conditions for the emergence of complete and generalized chaos synchronization in both driven and autonomous associated systems. Our results show that the presence of a common drive or a coupling function for all times is not indispensable for reaching synchronization in a system of chaotic oscillators, nor is the simultaneous sharing of a field, either external or endogenous, by all the elements. In the case of an autonomous system, the coupling function does not need to depend on all the internal variables for achieving synchronization and its functional form is not crucial for generalized synchronization. What becomes essential for reaching synchronization in an extended system is the sharing of some minimal information by its elements, on the average, over long times, independently of the nature (external or internal) of its source.

  2. Layer equivalency factors and deformation characteristics of flexible pavements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hung, Jung-Tsann

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Depth 0(in. ) 2 Base Course 12 Subbase Course tubing Pressuremeter Unloading Modulus EU (Section 7) 522172 psi (3600000 kPa) 24 70348 psi ( 485000 kPa) 36 Subgrade probe Test in progress 11604 psi ( 80000 kPa) 48? 11169 psi... gC' Test No. 40 Ql U1 20 2 3 4 6 20 40 60 80 120 140 160 Normal Stress in psi FIG. 7. I'1ohr's Diagram of Texas Triaxial Test (prom Nef 13) 21 50 Chart for Classification of Subgrade and Flexible Base Naterial 40 Class 1 30 Class 2...

  3. Assessing Equivalent Viscous Damping Using Piping System test Results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nie, J.; Morante, R.

    2010-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

    The specification of damping for nuclear piping systems subject to seismic-induced motions has been the subject of many studies and much controversy. Damping estimation based on test data can be influenced by numerous factors, consequently leading to considerable scatter in damping estimates in the literature. At present, nuclear industry recommendations and nuclear regulatory guidance are not consistent on the treatment of damping for analysis of nuclear piping systems. Therefore, there is still a need to develop a more complete and consistent technical basis for specification of appropriate damping values for use in design and analysis. This paper summarizes the results of recent damping studies conducted at Brookhaven National Laboratory.

  4. aluminum equivalent approximation: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    - TxSpace Summary: based coatings. The Coors Brewing Company Can Manufacturing Plant has been utilizing this technology in full scale aluminum can production since 1975,...

  5. americanus equivalent temperature: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    gap filled with an indefinite metmaterial is considered using the suggested method. The giant enhancement of the transferred heat compared to the case of the empty gap is shown....

  6. Equivalence of an Approximate Linear Programming Bound with the ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Mar 6, 2013 ... management [5], stochastic games [32] and stochastic vehicle routing [47]. ...... The traveling-salesman problem and minimum spanning trees,...

  7. Asymptotic almost-equivalence of abstract evolution systems ?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

    May 13, 2008 ... Abstract. We study the asymptotic behavior of almost-orbits of abstract .... In that sense our work is different but complementary to [12,11].

  8. Alaska--Onshore Natural Gas Plant Liquids Production, Gaseous Equivalent

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelinesProved Reserves (Billion CubicCubic Feet)Year Jan Feb Mar119,0392008 2009Dry(Million

  9. NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent at Processing Plants (Summary)

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines About U.S.30Natural Gas Glossary529 6330 04 19343 369 384FuelYear125 137 Monthly

  10. CP Violation, Neutral Currents, and Weak Equivalence Val L. Fitch

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed New Substation Sites Proposed Route BTRICGEGR-N Goods PO

  11. NGPL Production, Gaseous Equivalent at Processing Plants (Summary)

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia,(Million Barrels) Crude Oil Reserves in Nonproducing Reservoirs Year2per ThousandWellhead+WellheadMr.NEMSNGPLNGPL3,865

  12. Parsing ERK Activation Reveals Quantitatively Equivalent Contributions From

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 - September 2006 TheSteven Ashby Dr.presentations PapersParking PrintEpidermal

  13. Semantical Characterizations and Complexity of Equivalences in Answer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fink, Michael

    . 224­238, and in the 2004 Proceedings of the 9th European Conference on Logics in Artificial General Terms: Theory This article extends previous work that appeared in the 2003 Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Logic Programming (ICLP), Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol. 2916, Springer, pp

  14. Designating Responsibility for Equivalencies or Exemptions from Department

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed Newcatalyst phasesData FilesShape, Density, andaging effects duringEMSLof Energy

  15. Effects of Ignition Quality and Fuel Composition on Critical Equivalence

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeat PumpRecord ofESPC ENABLE: ECM Summary ECMWear |Characteristics |and

  16. Intern equivalency at the Energy Resources Conservation Board: a report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Gerald, 1949-

    2013-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

    .................................................1 Chapter II - Engineering Work Experience.............................. 3 Amoco Canada Petroleum Company Limited ......................... 3 Angus G. MacKenzie Mining Consultants............................6 Energy Resources Conservation Board...........................................................................65 CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION The purpose of this report is to establish that the author's work experience prior to entering the Doctor of Engineering program meets the objectives of the internship. These objectives are: 1. to enable the student...

  17. Low interfacial trap density and sub-nm equivalent oxide thickness in In{sub 0.53}Ga{sub 0.47}As (001) metal-oxide-semiconductor devices using molecular beam deposited HfO{sub 2}/Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} as gate dielectrics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chu, L. K. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan (China); Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, 3001 Leuven (Belgium); Merckling, C.; Dekoster, J.; Caymax, M. [Interuniversity Microelectronics Center (IMEC vzw), 3001 Leuven (Belgium); Alian, A.; Heyns, M. [Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, 3001 Leuven (Belgium); Interuniversity Microelectronics Center (IMEC vzw), 3001 Leuven (Belgium); Kwo, J. [Department of Physics, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan (China); Center for Condensed Matter Sciences, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10617, Taiwan (China); Hong, M. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu 30013, Taiwan (China)

    2011-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigated the passivation of In{sub 0.53}Ga{sub 0.47}As (001) surface by molecular beam epitaxy techniques. After growth of strained In{sub 0.53}Ga{sub 0.47}As on InP (001) substrate, HfO{sub 2}/Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} high-{kappa} oxide stacks have been deposited in-situ after surface reconstruction engineering. Excellent capacitance-voltage characteristics have been demonstrated along with low gate leakage currents. The interfacial density of states (D{sub it}) of the Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}/In{sub 0.53}Ga{sub 0.47}As interface have been revealed by conductance measurement, indicating a downward D{sub it} profile from the energy close to the valence band (medium 10{sup 12} cm{sup -2}eV{sup -1}) towards that close to the conduction band (10{sup 11} cm{sup -2}eV{sup -1}). The low D{sub it}'s are in good agreement with the high Fermi-level movement efficiency of greater than 80%. Moreover, excellent scalability of the HfO{sub 2} has been demonstrated as evidenced by the good dependence of capacitance oxide thickness on the HfO{sub 2} thickness (dielectric constant of HfO{sub 2}{approx}20) and the remained low D{sub it}'s due to the thin Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} passivation layer. The sample with HfO{sub 2} (3.4 nm)/Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} (1.2 nm) as the gate dielectrics has exhibited an equivalent oxide thickness of {approx}0.93 nm.

  18. E-Print Network 3.0 - american pediatric surgical Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of 62 Auditorium University of Rochester Medical Center Summary: Medal of the Society for Pediatric Radiology and a 2004 Gold Medalists of the American Roentgen Ray... .Sc.Ed.,...

  19. Numerical Analysis of Non-constant Discounting with an Application to Renewable Resource Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karp, Larry S.

    Numerical Analysis of Non-constant Discounting with an Application to Renewable Resource Management illustrate the approach by studying welfare and observational equivalence for a particular renewable resource man- agement problem. Keywords: Non-constant discounting, numerical methods, non-renewable resources

  20. Office of the Dean of Research Naval Postgraduate School Monterey, CA 93943-5138 www.nps.edu/research research@nps.edu Command and Control Initiatives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    define a DAS as a combina- tion of autonomous underwater vehicles, unmanned surface vehicles.nps.edu/research research@nps.edu Command and Control Initiatives with Cooperating Unmanned Vehicles The utility of unmanned unmanned vehicles deployed in large areas will be less expensive than equivalent manned opera- tions

  1. EngineerTHE MAGAZINE OF THAYER SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING A look at the man

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lotko, William

    expression. BY CHRIS MILLIMAN 24 Building Green Sustainable design expert Malcolm Lewis Th'71 works to remake. >> MALCOLM LEWIS TH'71 BUILDS GREEN >> THE ART OF ENGINEERS Who was Sylvanus Thayer? FALL 2004 Who Development Office 8000 Cummings Hall Dartmouth College Hanover, NH 03755 engineering

  2. Race and Computation: An Existential Phenomenological Inquiry Concerning Man, Mind, and the Body

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahendran, Dilan David

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Hypercomputation", in Alan Turing: Life and Legacy of aof Hypercomputation", in Alan Turing: Life and Legacy of aof Mathematics", in Alan Turing: Life and Legacy of a Great

  3. U.S DEPARTlIIENT OF ENERGY EERE PROJECT MAN AGE M ENT CEN TER

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    the Milam landfill Gas to Energy Plant II. The landfill already has a permitted gas-te-energy plant at the site. The facility will be located on the north side of the Milam...

  4. REClPIE NT: NREl U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY EERE PROJECT MAN AG...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    (VMF) would be located in Site Development Zone 4 (Central Campus) in the parcel to the north of the Field Test laboratory Building (FTlB). The proposed development area, at...

  5. U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY EERE PROJECT MAN AG EMENT CENTER NEPA...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    oil and fuel. Currently, this facility has a capacity of 400 gallons per day. Nava Bio-Energy proposes to construct a new 30 foot x 40 foot facility in an area suitable for...

  6. Failure of man-made cavities in salt and surface subsidence due to sulfur mining

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Coates, G.K.; Lee, C.A.; McClain, W.C.; Senseny, P.E.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An engineering data base relevant to subsidence due to sulfur mining and to structural failure of cavities in salt is established, evaluated and documented. Nineteen failure events are discussed. Based on these documented failure events, capabilities of and inputs to a mathematical model of cavity failure are determined. Two failure events are adequately documented for use in model verification studies. A conclusion of this study that is pertinent to the Strategic Petroleum Reserve is that cavity failures in dome salt are fairly rare, but that as the number of large cavities (especially those having large roof spans) increases, failures will probably be more common unless stability and failure mechanisms of cavities are better understood.

  7. An assessment of crew exposures during nuclear-powered manned Mars missions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delisle, Christine Louise

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -of-life, full-power operation. This data is then used as the source terms for particle transport in MCNP. The total gamma and neutron fluxes exiting the reactor shields are recorded and separate transport calculations are then performed for a 10 g cm-2 crew...

  8. Women playing a man's game : reconstructing ceremonial and ritual history of the Mesoamerican ballgame

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramos, Maria Isabel

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    that included La Hispaniola and El Rio de Orinoco inOrinoco (Venezuela) and La Hispaniola (Haiti). The earliesta Taino game in 1525 at La Hispaniola that was also called

  9. EERE PROJECT MAN AGEM ENT CENT ER NEPA DETEIU.IlNATION

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    of the Iowa Economic Development Authority PROJECf TITLE: Simpson College Boiler Plant De-Centralization Page 1 of3 STATE: lA Funding Opportunity Announcement Number...

  10. US. DEPARTMENT OFENERGl: EE RE PROJECT MAN AG EME:-IT CENT ER

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Estacada High School is proposing to use SEP ARRA funding to install a 4MMBTUhr wood boiler to cover all the heating needs at the facility. This project was previously proposed...

  11. A review of "Swordsmen: The Martial Ethos in the Three Kingdoms." by Roger B. Manning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simon Healy

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the records of the Earl Marshal?s court (housed at the College of Arms in London and are being calendared by Richard Cust and Andrew Hopper), established in 1623 specifically to check the spiralling problem of duelling in London and at Court. The most... tendencies of the early modern state (this is probably more true of France than England, although the 2 nd Earl of Essex was a natural- born frondeur). On the basis of these assumptions, he speculates that the martial ethos, when combined with classical...

  12. Man-portable power generation devices : product design and supporting algorithms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mitsos, Alexander

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A methodology for the optimal design and operation of microfabricated fuel cell systems is proposed and algorithms for relevant optimization problems are developed. The methodology relies on modeling, simulation and ...

  13. 6 CROSS SECTIONS FALL 2006/WINTER 20076 A YOUNG MAN WITH DARK AND RUMPLED HAIR, his

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dai, Pengcheng

    'd really like to do something where I could do physics, because that's so much fun, and also have some hope. "I have to solve for v," he says, almost to himself, as if he has discovered something he hadn, "I wanted to blaze my own trail, do my own thing. I wanted to do something different. My father

  14. Word Segmentation of Informal Arabic with Domain Adaptation Will Monroe, Spence Green, and Christopher D. Manning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , improving segmenta- tion F1 score on a recently released Egyp- tian Arabic corpus to 92.09%, compared to 91 evaluated against a gold standard on Egyp- tian dialect data, compared to 91.60% for MADA- ARZ and 88

  15. Women playing a man's game : reconstructing ceremonial and ritual history of the Mesoamerican ballgame

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramos, Maria Isabel

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    284(5422): 1988-1991. Huizinga, Johan 1955 Homo Ludens: Amen to teach them their playing (Johan Huizinga, 1955: 1)The observation that Huizinga makes suggests that play is

  16. 148 American EntomologistFall 2012 man Resources. 2012. Plant and Enviromental Protection Sciences.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mousseau, Timothy A.

    on Wildlife in Chernobyl We have been studying the impacts of nuclear accidents on wildlife for more than 12, as a consequence of human release of radioactive material such as during nuclear testing and the operations of nuclear power plants (NAS 2012), and from nuclear accidentssuchasthoseatthe

  17. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSTEMS, MAN, AND CYBERNETICS 1 A Socio-Physical Approach to Systemic Risk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ulieru, Mihaela

    emergency response and preparedness. This is accomplished through a reduction of systemic risk, which refers the potential for improved emergency response and preparedness in the face of systemic risk (e.g., consider Reduction in Emergency Response and Preparedness William Ross, Student Member, IEEE, Alex Gorod, Member

  18. Role of endothelial progenitor cells in acute vascular injury in man

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Padfield, Gareth John

    2013-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) acutely improves coronary blood flow and myocardial perfusion but at the expense of endovascular laceration and endothelial denudation. PCI associated vascular injury is associated with intense inflammation...

  19. A holistic approach to human presence detection on man- portable military ground robots

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Birchmore, Frederick Christopher

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Figure 2.5. Spc. Dennis Speek, explosive ordnance disposalcited 14 May 2009]. [54] Spc. Jonathan Montgomery. EodAfghanistan [36]. Figure 2.5: Spc. Dennis Speek, explosive

  20. Old Man Winter Defied by High-Tech Snowplows | Department of...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    routes. See the video for more information: http:lakecnty.granicus.comMediaPlayer.php?viewid3&clipid796 Jason Randall is a Branch Chief at the Golden Field Office....

  1. RECIPIENT: NREL u.s. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY EERE PROJECT MAN AGEMENT...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    of thermostat settings, placement of timers on hot water heaters, installation of solar hot water systems, installation of efficient lighting, improvements in generator...

  2. U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY EERE PROJECT MAN AG EMENT CENTER NEPA...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    in a suburban area of Nashville; the project will service the Inglewood library. The project will https:llwww.eere-pmc.energy.gov NEPANepaef2a.aspx?key9816 41 2010 Page...

  3. A holistic approach to human presence detection on man- portable military ground robots

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Birchmore, Frederick Christopher

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This image, taken from the FLIR Systems website, shows anCA, June 10-12, 2008. [22] FLIR Systems. Uncooled cameraBranch at SSC Pa- ci?c to use a FLIR Photon 320 far-infrared

  4. Crossing the mesoscale no-mans land via parallel kinetic Monte Carlo.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garcia Cardona, Cristina (San Diego State University); Webb, Edmund Blackburn, III; Wagner, Gregory John; Tikare, Veena; Holm, Elizabeth Ann; Plimpton, Steven James; Thompson, Aidan Patrick; Slepoy, Alexander (U. S. Department of Energy, NNSA); Zhou, Xiao Wang; Battaile, Corbett Chandler; Chandross, Michael Evan

    2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The kinetic Monte Carlo method and its variants are powerful tools for modeling materials at the mesoscale, meaning at length and time scales in between the atomic and continuum. We have completed a 3 year LDRD project with the goal of developing a parallel kinetic Monte Carlo capability and applying it to materials modeling problems of interest to Sandia. In this report we give an overview of the methods and algorithms developed, and describe our new open-source code called SPPARKS, for Stochastic Parallel PARticle Kinetic Simulator. We also highlight the development of several Monte Carlo models in SPPARKS for specific materials modeling applications, including grain growth, bubble formation, diffusion in nanoporous materials, defect formation in erbium hydrides, and surface growth and evolution.

  5. Visual-Based Emotion Detection for Natural Man-Machine Interaction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berns, Karsten

    Kaiserslautern, Germany Abstract. The demand for humanoid robots as service robots for ev- eryday life has processing and the robustness of the system. The system by Wimmer and Fischer [8] for an emotional sales

  6. Introduction Gnrale "Man-made borders are completely arbitrary from the point of view of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    , de construction d'usines de traitement de la pollution pour le secteur industriel et de réseaux d of the biosphere. There is no reason that environmental disturbances should be con...ned by human de...nitions of areas of jurisdictions. But that means that the `environmental problem area' will in general

  7. "And man shall have dominion over the earth": rhetorical modifications in environmental discourse for Evangelicals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wuensche, Kristi Dawn

    2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

    toward eco-tourism after death or even in their daydreams" (p. 121). Rush Limbaugh's (1992) The Way Things Ought To Be attacks the hysteria of environmentalists with "Sorry, But the Earth is Not Fragile: And the Lord Created, " the chapter which argues...

  8. E-Print Network 3.0 - average scottish man Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Source: Collection: Environmental Sciences and Ecology ; Multidisciplinary Databases and Resources 5 PUBLIC SECTOR SPENDING AND REGIONAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT Summary: . Whilst it...

  9. From bogus to gift giver: Fred Trumper's mythopoetic transformation in The Water-Method Man

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Headrick, Troy Lee

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . This thesis examines these themes and notes the mythogemic nature of them. More specifically, this thesis focuses on Irving's second novel, The Mater-method san, and claims that the book subverts the hero myth as it is defined by Campbell. Irving subverts... AN INTRODUCTION TO JOHN IRVING AND HIS FICTION: TOWARD AN ART OF "REVERENCE" AND "BLASPHEMY" JOSEPH CAMPBELL'S MONOMYTH AND THE "BLASPHEMY" OF MYTHOPOESIS 16 A BRIEF SURVEY OF MYTHOGEMIC THEMES IN THE IRVING NOVELS 39 IV MULTIQUESTS AND FAII ED RITUALS...

  10. On-line Development of Man-Machine Relationships: Motivation-driven Musical Interaction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miranda, Eduardo Reck

    and genetic evolution continuously optimise motivations in order to accommodate input from an unpredictable in a creative procedure of circular thinking. The main point here is that the art production system (whether form of self-representation stretched out in its DNA, a living system exchanges information and energy

  11. Man-Up: A Men's Leadership Program Friday, March 14, 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sibille, Etienne

    let us know when you register and what school district you are in. You must have your Professional prevention education. He is co-founder of Mentors in Violence Prevention (MVP), the most widely utilized and the U.S. military. He is the creator of the film Tough Guise 2, and author of The Macho Paradox

  12. An airport emergency is any occasion, natural or man-made, that threatens lives,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    the possibility of secondary damage, and speed recovery operations by mobilizing emergency response personnel, preparedness, response, and recovery. Mitigation prevents, alleviates, or diminishes the potential effects and equipment, conducting search and rescue, alerting the public, or evacuating affected areas. The recovery

  13. The Burden of Knowledge and the `Death of the Renaissance Man': Is Innovation Getting Harder?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bustamante, Fabián E.

    , which have been noted in other research, can also be ex- plained in this framework. The knowledge burden of Management and NBER. Contact: 2001 Sheridan Road, Room 628, Evanston, IL 60208. Email: bjones

  14. Flags in Space: NASA Symbols and Flags in the U.S. Manned Space Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Platoff, Anne M.

    Nixes Meatball, Lauds Worm, Space News, vol. 3, no. 23 (p. 2; Let the Logo Go, Space News, vol. 3, no. 23 (6-19Worm, letters to the editor, Space News, vol. 3, no. 27 (27

  15. The myth of the single mode man : how the mobility pass better meets actual travel demand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Block-Schachter, David

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The goal of this thesis is to investigate how employer transportation subsidy programs can result in more sustainable outcomes. Cities are growth machines that increasingly seek to mitigate the effects of that growth caused ...

  16. Evaluation of exposure pathways to man from disposal of radioactive materials into sanitary sewer systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kennedy, W.E. Jr.; Parkhurst, M.A.; Aaberg, R.L.; Rhoads, K.C.; Hill, R.L.; Martin, J.B. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)

    1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In accordance with 10 CFR 20, the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) regulates licensees` discharges of small quantities of radioactive materials into sanitary sewer systems. This generic study was initiated to examine the potential radiological hazard to the public resulting from exposure to radionuclides in sewage sludge during its treatment and disposal. Eleven scenarios were developed to characterize potential exposures to radioactive materials during sewer system operations and sewage sludge treatment and disposal activities and during the extended time frame following sewage sludge disposal. Two sets of deterministic dose calculations were performed; one to evaluate potential doses based on the radionuclides and quantities associated with documented case histories of sewer system contamination and a second, somewhat more conservative set, based on theoretical discharges at the maximum allowable levels for a more comprehensive list of 63 radionuclides. The results of the stochastic uncertainty and sensitivity analysis were also used to develop a collective dose estimate. The collective doses for the various radionuclides and scenarios range from 0.4 person-rem for {sup 137}Cs in Scenario No. 5 (sludge incinerator effluent) to 420 person-rem for {sup 137}Cs in Scenario No. 3 (sewage treatment plant liquid effluent). None of the 22 scenario/radionuclide combinations considered have collective doses greater than 1000 person-rem/yr. However, the total collective dose from these 22 combinations was found to be about 2100 person-rem.

  17. The Power of Light: The Epic Story of Man's Quest to Harness the Sun

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Ryder W.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    solar energy falling on 1 square mile of Midwestern farmland at noon on a cloudless day would have enough power to

  18. Introduction: Democratic Inequality The direction in which education starts a man will determine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Landweber, Laura

    at private school since seventh grade, and being partly from the Indian subcontinent hardly afforded one towns in poor nations. My father's village consisted of subsistence farmers; things like electricity west coast of Ireland. At the time she was born, her family pumped their own water, had no electricity

  19. International Summer School 2013 Ecological Management in the Man -Environment System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greifswald, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität

    Olympics-2014 (including visits to Botanical garden, Trout Fish Farm, Apiary), to the Sochi National Park

  20. 506 nature physics | VOL 3 | JULY 2007 | www.nature.com/naturephysics The sum of man

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loss, Daniel

    the hydrocodone in his cough medicine, he kept opening the same drawers and closet doors in search of her cowrie dew, leaning against the corners to cough until he thought he was being pulled inside out like a sock

  1. Tax Man Cometh: Income Taxation as a Measure of State Capacity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weller, Nick; Ziegler, Melissa

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of state capacity. GDP per energy unit: Economic activityvalue) Indicator GDP per energy unit Average Correlation (p-

  2. U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY EERE PROJECT MAN AGEMENT CENTER NEPA...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    concerning the proposw action, as NEPA Compliance Omen (authorized under DOE Order 451.IA), I have made the following determination: ex, EA, IS APPENDIX AND NUM BER:...

  3. Race and Computation: An Existential Phenomenological Inquiry Concerning Man, Mind, and the Body

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahendran, Dilan David

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    meaning that one need not synthesize concepts in order to act nor doesdoes the grounding? In order to move forward in this revelation of freedom to define the meaningorder to share meaning in the world. The phenomena show that this does

  4. ExMAn: A Generic and Customizable Framework for Experimental Mutation Analysis #

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Graham, Nick

    analysis using Path Inspector and to compare concurrent testing using ConTest with model checking [BCD05 approach using code inspection, static analysis (FindBugs, Jlint), dynamic analysis and testing [LDG + 04

  5. Irreversible Electroporation of Renal Cell Carcinoma: A First-in-Man Phase I Clinical Study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pech, Maciej, E-mail: maciej.pech@med.ovgu.de [University of Magdeburg, Department of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine (Germany); Janitzky, Andreas; Wendler, Johann Jacob [University of Magdeburg, Department of Urology (Germany); Strang, Christof [University of Magdeburg, Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine (Germany); Blaschke, Simon [University of Magdeburg, Department of Urology (Germany); Dudeck, Oliver; Ricke, Jens [University of Magdeburg, Department of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine (Germany); Liehr, Uwe-Bernd [University of Magdeburg, Department of Urology (Germany)

    2011-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: Irreversible electroporation (IRE) is a newly developed nonthermal tissue-ablation technique in which high-voltage electrical pulses of microsecond duration are applied to induce irreversible permeabilisation of the cell membrane, presumably through nanoscale defects in the lipid bilayer, leading to apoptosis. The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility and safety of ablating renal cell carcinoma (RCC) tissue by IRE. Methods: Six patients scheduled for curative resection of RCC were included. IRE was performed during anaesthesia immediately before the resection with electrographic synchronisation. Central haemodynamics were recorded before and 5 min after electroporation. Five-channel electrocardiography (ECG) was used for detailed analysis of ST waveforms. Blood sampling and 12-lead ECG were performed before, during, and at scheduled intervals after the intervention. Results: Analysis of ST waveforms and axis deviations showed no relevant changes during the entire study period. No changes in central haemodynamics were seen 5 min after IRE. Similarly, haematological, serum biochemical, and ECG variables showed no relevant differences during the investigation period. No changes in cardiac function after IRE therapy were found. One case of supraventricular extrasystole was encountered. Initial histopathologic examination showed no immediate adverse effects of IRE (observation of delayed effects will require a different study design). Conclusion: IRE seems to offer a feasible and safe technique by which to treat patients with kidney tumours and could offer some potential advantages over current thermal ablative techniques.

  6. Women playing a man's game : reconstructing ceremonial and ritual history of the Mesoamerican ballgame

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramos, Maria Isabel

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Mexicana de Antropologa. Kuehne Heyder, Nicola 1993tribes inhabited this area (Kuehne, 1993: The People, Dress,

  7. Women playing a man's game : reconstructing ceremonial and ritual history of the Mesoamerican ballgame

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramos, Maria Isabel

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Maya figurines from Jaina, Campeche (Griffin, 1972: 303). Infigures from Jaina, Campeche depict men in ballgame garbMaya Ballplayers; Jaina, Campeche; Late Classic Period (

  8. u.s. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY EERE PROJECT MAN AGEMENT CENTER Nl...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Cuttings Sampling and Logging 6.0 Data Integration and Reporting of Results Phase 3 - Resource Testing and Assessment 1.0 Well Testing - includes logging, water chemistry...

  9. The world of geometry in the classroom: virtual or real? SIU Man Keung

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siu, M.K.

    on Didactics of Mathematics held in Greece (in Rethymnon) in April of 2008. I feel greatly honoured to have

  10. Errors in Estimating River Discharge from Remote Sensing based on Manning's Equation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Washington at Seattle, University of

    ° inclination; all rivers, lakes, reservoirs observed at least twice every 22 days. Will measure reach (2008) estimated errors in width resulting from water coherence time effects (due to wind and turbulence

  11. The impact of man upon herpetological communities in the lower Rio Grande Valley, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thornton, Okla Weldon

    1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . APPENDIX C VITA 1X 10 j 7 30 60 72 73 81 87 94 96 va1. a LIST OF TABLES TABLE Page Major levels of land classification system based on remote sensing techniques employing high altitude aerial photographs (from Anderson, et al. 1976) 19... Land use and land cover classification system (modified from Anderson, et al. 1976). . . . . . . 20 Land use in Cameron County (in hectares) (from data compiled by the lower Rio Grande Development Council, 1973). 21 Land use in Hidalgo and Willacy...

  12. Dress and date rape: what factors influence man's perceptions of the justifiability of rape?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Friedman, Debra E.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    was a function of the perceived suggestiveness of dr ess influencing perceptions of the woman's perceived desire for sexual behaviors, which influenced how led on some men felt, which in turn influenced their perceptions of the justifiability... detai Is of the rape and what led up to it ~ Richmond (1930) states there are two defenses that the assai lant may use in a rape case: First, there is the consent defense, in which the defendant admits to having had sex, but says it was not rape...

  13. Kursplan fr lsret 2001/2002 ROAD-MAN-LANDSCAPE -DESIGNPROJECT ASB150

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , landscape and environmental requirements. Innehåll: Course content: New roads in the landscape. Conversion concepts in traffic planning, road construction, landscape architecture, urban architecture, planning (graduate) students of engineering, architecture and landscape architecture, and future planners

  14. Kursplan fr lsret 2001/2002 ROAD-MAN-LANDSCAPE -IN THEORY ASB155

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -operation with complementary competences, and taking into account traffic, landscape and environmental requirements. Innehåll planning, road construction, landscape architecture, urban architecture, planning processes and the use) students of engineering, architecture and landscape architecture, and future planners and managers

  15. The Banality of Virtue: A Multifaceted View of George Orwell as Champion of the Common Man

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Veale, Thomas Francis

    2007-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

    is an ironic leitmotif of Orwells afterlife (256). I firmly believe that in criticism no single approach is the best approach, and I imagine a sort of kinship with Orwell because I think he would agree. As I read most of Orwells works for the first... enemies of freedom systemati cally pervert the resources of language in order to wheedle or stampede their victims into thinking, feeling and acting as they, the mind-manipulators, want them to think, feel and act ( Brave New World Revisited 329...

  16. FLTC DVD / CHINESE DVD/CHI/1 -EAT DRINK MAN WOMAN -Ang Lee

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baskaran, Mark

    /CHI/7 ­ TUYA DE HUN SHI 2006 (86 MIN) MANDARIN W/ ENGLISH SUBTITLES DVD/CHI/8 ­ THE STORY OF QIU JU 1996

  17. IEEE Copyright Statement: Copyright [2007] IEEE. Reprinted from Proceedings of IEEE Systems, Man, and Cybernetics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ilic, Marija D.

    of IT. Notably, a multi- disciplinary approach to modeling and simulating a cyber- physical system (CPS is essential. Designing regulatory policies for facilitating penetration of IT at the value is also viewed is the conjecture that, while somewhat ignored, the IT is essential for integrating many novel technologies

  18. A Wristband-Shaped Man-Machine Interface Measuring Two-Dimensional Myoelectric Potential Patterns

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shinoda, Hiroyuki

    important issue for realizing a stretchable wrist- band-shaped electrode array that covers whole area units," Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 73, No. 4, pp. 1887-1897, 2002. [6] B. G. Lapatki, J. P

  19. U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY EERE PROJECT MAN AGEMENT CENTER NEPA...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Information gathenng (induding. but not limited to, literature surveys, inventories. site visits, and audits), data analysis (including, but not limited to, computer...

  20. u.s. DEPARIUENI OF ENERGY EERE PROJECT MAN AG EMENT CENTER NEPA...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    A9 Information gathering (including. but nollimited 10, literature surveys, inventories, audits), data analysis (including computer modeling). document preparation (such...

  1. T OF ENERGY EERE PROJECT MAN AG EMENT CEN TER NEPA DETERJlJINAIION

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    A9 Information gathering (including, but nollimiled la, literature surveys, inventories, audits), data analysis (including computer modeling), document preparation (such...

  2. u.s. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY EERE PROJECT MAN AG EMENT CENTER NEPA...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    : AS Informabon gathering (including, but nollimiled 10, literature surveys, inventories, audits), data analYSIS (including computer modeling), document preparation (sud1...

  3. U.S. DEPARTlVIENT OF ENERGY EERE PROJECT MAN AGEMENT CENTER

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Information gathenng (including , but not limited to. ltterature surveys. Inventories. site vtsits, and audtts) data analysis Qndudtng, but not limtted to, computer...

  4. U.S. DEPAR T.MENT OF ENERGY EE RE PROJECT MAN AGEMENT CENTER

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    A9 Information gathering (including , but not limited to, literature surveys, inventories, audits), data analysis (including computer modeling), document preparation (such...

  5. u.s. DEPARTl\\IENT OF ENERG Y EERE PROJECT MAN AGE M ENT CENTER

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    : A9 Information gathering (including, but nol limited 10, literature surveys, inventories, audits), data analysis (including computer modeling), document preparation (such...

  6. Tau auf dem Bei Alzheimer-Forschung denkt man nicht unbedingt an Teilchenbeschleuniger. Das Deutsche

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spang, Rainer

    . Das Deutsche Elektronen-Synchrotron in Hamburg, kurz DESY, hat Eva-Maria und Eckhard Mandelkow von der aller Welt kommen jährlich zu diesem Zweck an das Deutsche Elektronen-Synchrotron, kurz DESY, nach

  7. Effects of combustion derived air pollution on vascular and fibrinolytic function in man

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Nicholas Linton

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the combustion of fossil fuels are an important component. In Europe, the contribution to urban PM from diesel emissions is increasing with the popularity of diesel engines for road transport. Despite the strength of the epidemiological evidence and the emergence...

  8. Man at the crossroads, looking with hope and high vision to a new and better future

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wood, Benjamin Max

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    (cont.) In Latin American new leaders are proposing alternatives to America's capitalist system. In Mexico, Subcomandante Marcos, is calling for an end to globalism. His group, the Zapatista revolutionary army who's name ...

  9. Effects of somatostatin on intestinal calcium absorption in man with primary hyperparathyroidism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    infusion and under somatostatin administration (a 250 fL9 bolus injection followed by continuous infusion. during a saline infusion. In the second study, the patients received 250 [1.g of cyclic somatostatin a. m., immediately followed by the constant infusion of somatos- tatin (500 [1.gfhr) over 240 min

  10. A quantitative man-machine model for cyber security efficiency analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jung, Sung-Oh

    2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The analysis of security defense processes is of utmost importance in the management of various cyber-security attacks, which are increasing in scope and rapidity. Organizations need to optimize their resources based on a sound understanding...

  11. IN AUGUST 2007, KEVIN BRUMETT, AN athletic 29-year-old Massachusetts man, was

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mootha, Vamsi K.

    mutations in tumors, called The Cancer Genome Atlas--will soon become a standard part of a patient's medical

  12. Similarities of host defense mechanisms against pulmonary infectious disease in animals and man

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Green, G.M.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Evidence linking exposure to air pollutants with increased susceptibility to infectious diseases in humans comes from epidemiological, clinical, and experimental laboratory studies. The data suggest that the most common, and perhaps the most sensitive, index of the pulmonary effect of air pollutant exposure is on post upper respiratory infection, prolonged cough, phlegm, and purulent sputum. Experimental models of these relationships for extrapolation to humans should be able to measure such minor changes in symptomatology and physiology rather than require major lethal events. The bacterial aerosol model for quantifying nonspecific defense mechanisms of the bronchopulmonary tree utilizing nonpathogenic organisms fulfills this criterion. The function of the six major components of pulmonary antimicrobial defense mechanisms - including aerodynamic filtration, secretory respiratory tract fluid, fluid transport at the alveolar and bronchial levels, the phagocytic function of alveolar macrophages, the augmenting mechanisms of blood-derived inflammatory cells, and the secretory and cellular-specific immune mechanisms and their mediator products - can all be quantified by this experimental animal model system. The defensive functions are remarkably similar across animal species, and available human data suggest that findings obtained using the model may be extrapolatred to humans.

  13. WIPP Workers Reach Two Million Man-Hours Without a Lost-Time Accident

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched Ferromagnetism inS-4500IIVasudhaSurface.Laboratory30, 2014 WIPP3,2, 20149,1

  14. Can an Iron Man Suit Be Made?: Science Behind Superheroes | GE Global

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed New Substation Sites Proposed Route BTRICGEGR-N- Energy February 8,

  15. Engine placement for manned descent at Mars considering single engine failures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    York, Stephen P. (Stephen Patrick)

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Previous missions to Mars have landed masses of approximately I metric ton on the surface. Vehicles large enough to support humans on the flight to Mars and land them safely on the surface are closer to 100 metric tons, a ...

  16. Effects of hydrogeology on lignite recovery in the Manning Formation, Grimes County, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levitan, Leslie Mark

    1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    EFFECTS OF HyDROGEOLOGY ON LIGNITE RECOVER IN THE IVJBiING FOiVcATION, GR MES COU!!a I, TEXAS A Thesis IZSIIE NARX LEUITAN Su'omitteu to ' he Graduate ColleSe of Texas A@I1 University in parti ! t'ulfill!n nt cf the requiremert for the degree... of !IASTER OF SCIENCE Decesher 1976 Najor Suhject: Geolody EFFECTS OF HYDROGEOLOGY ON LIGNITE RECOVERY IN THE MAIDNING FORMATION, GRIMES COUNTY, TEXAS A Thesis LESLIE MARK IZVITAN Approved as to style and content by: (Ctwirman of Committee Head...

  17. Environmental design guidelines for a second generation, LEO, permanently manned space station

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, David Michael, 1960-

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis is a continuation of the thoughts and efforts of the author's participation and co-organization of the Space Station Design Workshop (SSDW). The SSDW was a student run event whose inception surfaced in the ...

  18. Taking Man Out of the Loop: Methods to Reduce Human Involvement in Search and Surveillance Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brink, Kevin Michael

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    of such systems is introduced. The second area of research is the autonomous exploration of hallways or other urban- canyon environments in the absence of a global positions system (GPS) using only an inertial motion unit (IMU) and a monocular camera. Desired... paths that generate accurate vehicle state estimates for simple ground vehicles are identi ed and the bene ts of integrated estimation and control are investigated. It is demonstrated that considering estimation accuracy is essential to produce e...

  19. u.s. DEP_~nIENT OF ENERGY EERE PROJECT MAN AGEMENT...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    to produce biodiesel from the pennycress and camelina oils 8) Optimize biodiesel production and test the resulting biodiesel using standard ASTM 06751 biodiesel fuel quality...

  20. ExMAn: A Generic and Customizable Framework for Experimental Mutation Analysis1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cordy, James R.

    to compare different test suites and are tied to a particular programming language. In this paper we present compared must be able to be applied to the same original source which can be any program language or even an executable mod- elling language. Implementing a generalized experimental mutation anal- ysis approach