National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for robust economic growth

  1. Robust Growth Determinants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doppelhofer, Gernot; Weeks, Melvyn

    2011-01-31

    growth in European regions, allowing for spa- tial spillovers across regions. The robust model averaging approach can also account for spatial clustering of errors by accommodating outliers and heteroscedastic errors. In both Classical and Bayesian...

  2. Technology Policy and Economic Growth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borrus, Michael; Stowsky, Jay

    1997-01-01

    economic growth) and the Pentagon’s Technology Reinvestment20 Tassey, Technology and Economic Growth: Implications forTechnology Policy and Economic Growth Michael Borrus Jay

  3. Economic Growth, Physical Limits and Liveability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Economic Growth, Physical Limits and Liveability: Can Metro Vancouver Achieve all Three? by Jeremy of Thesis: Economic Growth, Physical Limits and Liveability: Can Metro Vancouver Achieve all Three. The Local Energy scenario adds a local energy limit. For each scenario I assume continuous economic

  4. "Conflict Between Economic Growth and Environmental Protection...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Dr. Bryan Czech, resident, Center for the Advancement of the Steady State of the Economy Presentation: Presentation Abstract: Abstract Conflict Between Economic Growth and...

  5. The Very Long Run Economic Growth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Lemin

    2013-01-01

    Growth before the Industrial Revolution. ” Journal of Law2001. “ Was an Industrial Revolution Inevitable? EconomicThe British Industrial Revolution in Global Perspective. ”

  6. Arrowhead Center: Coal Production and Regional Economic Growth Report Title: Coal Production and Regional Economic Growth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Eric E.

    Arrowhead Center: Coal Production and Regional Economic Growth Report Title: Coal Production@nmsu.edu #12;Arrowhead Center: Coal Production and Regional Economic Growth i Disclaimer This report States Government or any agency thereof. #12;Arrowhead Center: Coal Production and Regional Economic

  7. Flat Lining: Connecticut's Disappearing Economic Growth The Connecticut Economic Outlook: June 2015

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chandy, John A.

    Flat Lining: Connecticut's Disappearing Economic Growth The Connecticut Economic Outlook: June 2015 William E. Waite, Managing Director, Semnia LLC Connecticut

  8. Economic Growth and Inequality: Drawing the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    von der Heydt, Rüdiger

    and policies in later sessions #12;Economic Growth and Inequality: The Famous Kuznets Curve #12;Income Inequality #12;The New Kuznets Curve #12;Income Inequality #12;From Income Inequality to Health #12;Percent the Channels) #12;Kuznets Curves for Socially Determined Health Outcomes David Bishai, MD,MPH, PhD Professor

  9. ECONOMIC GROWTH WHILE PROTECTING THE ENVIRONMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bateman, Ian J.

    -8875 #12;Abstract This paper reviews the historical development of the energy sector in India as background to consideration of how India might develop its energy sector in the future to ensure economic growth and limit. It is estimated that India may account for 21% of the increase in energy-related carbon emissions from developing

  10. Energy scarcity and economic growth reconsidered

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Uri, N.D. [Economics Research Service, Washington, DC (United States). National Resources and Environment Div.

    1995-05-01

    This analysis is concerned with the effect of energy scarcity on economic growth in the US. After defining the notion of scarcity and introducing two measures of scarcity, namely unit costs and relative energy price, changes in the trend in resource scarcity are investigated for natural gas, bituminous coal, anthracite coal, and crude oil over the most recent three decades. Each of the energy resources became significantly more scarce during the decade of the 1970s in the Malthusian stock scarcity and Malthusian flow scarcity sense. Unit costs exhibit a similar change for natural gas and crude oil but not for bituminous coal and anthracite coal. The situation reversed itself during the 1980s. Natural gas, bituminous coal, anthracite coal, and crude oil all became significantly less scarce during the 1980s than the 1970s. That is, the increase in scarcity as measured by relative energy prices observed during the 1970s was not reversed completely during the 1980s for natural gas and crude oil. Unit costs for natural gas and crude oil demonstrate analogous patterns and test results. Given that change has take place, it has implications for future economic growth to the extent that resource scarcity and economic growth are interrelated. To see whether this is a relevant concern, subsequent to the examination of changing trends in resource scarcity, an objective effort is made to identify a long-run equilibrium relationship between energy scarcity and economic growth. Relying on cointegration techniques, only for crude oil is there a suggestion that resource scarcity has affected economic growth in the US over the period 1889--1992. 56 refs.

  11. Technology, enterprise, and American economic growth

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lewis, J.D.

    1982-03-05

    America may have once led the world in economic development based on technology, but US firms are no longer matching foreign competitors in either the domestic or world markets. Mr. Lewis feels that much of the US supremacy was a post-war phenomenon due to European refugee scientists. Economic and technological strength are more fundamental than deregulation, low expenditures for research and development, lack of capital and long-range planning, and other arguments that, if reversed, would revitalize American industry. The author reviews the relationship of technology and economic growth, pointing out that Japanese industry has faced many of the same problems with different behavior patterns. The variations in behavior due to differences in social values, priorities, and attitudes affect individual performance and response to innovation. Inflation increases the pressure for short-term gains and encourages analytical management. Mr. Lewis thinks that, for international competition to move Americans to develop a sense of common interest between labor and management and producer and consumer, industry must lead the effort to unmask the adversarial barriers to mutual trust. 52 references, 1 figure, 3 tables. (DCK)

  12. Before the Subcommittee on Economic Growth, Job Creation and...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Job Creation and Regulatory Affairs - House Committee on Oversight and Governmant Reform Before the Subcommittee on Economic Growth, Job Creation and Regulatory Affairs -...

  13. Export sophistication and economic growth: evidence from China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Export sophistication and economic growth: evidence from China Joachim Jarreau PSE CEPII sandra halshs-00962593,version1-21Mar2014 #12;Export Sophistication and Economic Growth: evidence from China Joachim Jarreau and Sandra Poncet January 4, 2011 Abstract We consider the effect of export sophistication

  14. The Very Long Run Economic Growth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Lemin

    2013-01-01

    the stochastic growth of technology as the source of inter-2000. “Population, technology, and growth: From Malthusianhas constant growth rates of technology g A and g B , then g

  15. Inequality and Economic Growth: Bridging the Short-run and the Long-run

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grijalva, Diego F.

    2011-01-01

    with the work of Kuznets (1955, 1963), many distinctof Economic Studies, 1956, Kuznets, Simon, “Economic GrowthAmerican Economic Review, Kuznets, Simon, “Quantitative

  16. The MIT EPPA6 Model: Economic Growth, Energy Use,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The MIT EPPA6 Model: Economic Growth, Energy Use, and Food Consumption Y.-H. Henry Chen, Sergey for Global Change Science (CGCS) and the Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Research (CEEPR of global environment and energy challenges, thereby contributing to informed debate about climate change

  17. GROW, EXPORT, ATTRACT, SUPPORT Universities' contribution to Scotland's economic growth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edinburgh, University of

    GROW, EXPORT, ATTRACT, SUPPORT Universities' contribution to Scotland's economic growth #12;Contents Summary Grow 3 Export 5 Attract 10 Support 21 #12;Universities are recognised throughout the world to grow the GVA it contributes to Scotland. Universities have a growing export role, with international

  18. A robust and scalable microfluidic metering method that allows protein crystal growth by free

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quake, Stephen R.

    A robust and scalable microfluidic metering method that allows protein crystal growth by free in a microfluidic device is a challenging problem. We developed a scheme for metering fluids on the picoliter scale fluid. We demonstrated the power of this method by fabricating and testing a microfluidic chip for rapid

  19. Japan-Economics of Climate Change and Low Carbon Growth Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Japan-Economics of Climate Change and Low Carbon Growth Strategies in Northeast Asia Jump to: navigation, search Name Japan-Economics of Climate Change and Low Carbon Growth...

  20. Economic Growth, Poverty and Inequality: Indian Experience of Reforms and Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krivobokova, Tatyana

    Economic Growth, Poverty and Inequality: Indian Experience of Reforms and Development Panchanan Das suggest that the faster economic growth causes higher incidence of poverty and inequality. Income inequality across regions is rising at an alarming rate due to higher economic growth during the reform

  1. Can we predict long-run economic growth?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garrett, Timothy J

    2012-01-01

    For those concerned with the long-term value of their accounts, it can be a challenge to plan in the present for inflation-adjusted economic growth over coming decades. Here, I argue that there exists an economic constant that carries through time, and that this can help us to anticipate the more distant future: global economic wealth has a fixed link to civilization's overall rate of energy consumption from all sources; the ratio of these two quantities has not changed over the past 40 years that statistics are available. Power production and wealth rise equally quickly because civilization, like any other system in the universe, must consume and dissipate its energy reserves in order to sustain its current size. One perspective might be that financial wealth must ultimately collapse as we deplete our energy reserves. However, we can also expect that highly aggregated quantities like global wealth have inertia, and that growth rates must persist. Exceptionally rapid innovation in the two decades following 19...

  2. Economic growth, convergence and the HIV/AIDS epidemic: a cross-country panel data analysis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Joel Benjamin Edmund

    2011-07-05

    This thesis presents an analysis of the dynamic process of economic growth, national welfare and the HIV/AIDS epidemic. An assessment of the methodological designs of applied growth research is undertaken in order to ...

  3. On the Road: Access to Transportation Infrastructure and Economic Growth in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banerjee, Abhijit

    2012-02-29

    This paper estimates the effect of access to transportation networks on regional economic outcomes in China over a twenty-period of rapid income growth. It addresses the problem of the endogenous placement of networks by ...

  4. Energy use, technical progress and productivity growth : a survey of economic issues

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berndt, Ernst R.

    1990-01-01

    This is a survey paper for non-specialists on interactions between energy and productivity growth. The first half of the paper surveys the general economic literature linking technical progress to realized gains in ...

  5. Energy Consumption and Economic Growth The Case of Australia Hong To a, *

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ;3 depend on imports of crude oil, natural gas, and coal for their industrial and residential energy needs energy consumption and economic growth. Peak oil, energy security and climate change have become key

  6. Energy, efficiency and economic growth: a coevolutionary perspective and implications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mound, Jon

    global deal 3. Adaptation to climate change and human development 4. Governments, markets and climate. Adapting to environmental change and governance for sustainability are the Institute's overarching themes and environmental change; environmental policy, planning and governance; ecological and environmental economics

  7. Revised October 9, 2006 Poverty and Economic Growth: The Impact of Population Dynamics and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Tsuhan

    Revised October 9, 2006 Poverty and Economic Growth: The Impact of Population Dynamics Distribution and Poverty: A Micro Survey of Interrelationships Ali A. Ali, Arab Planning Institute Kuwait 09:50 ­ 10:10 hrs Demographic Transitions: Poverty and Growth Experiences of Selected Countries in Africa

  8. Economic Growth and the Transition from Non-renewable to Renewable Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Economic Growth and the Transition from Non-renewable to Renewable Energy Alfred Greiner Lars a canonical growth model with damages in the household's welfare function and two energy sources ­ non-renewable and renewable energy. To produce renewable energy a capital stock must be built up. We study when a transition

  9. Austerity Cannot Explain the Current UK Economic Growth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arestis, Philip; Sawyer, Malcolm

    2015-04-18

    , Release March 2014â?ť, 23 April. HM Treasury (2011), Budget 2011, London: The Stationery Office, HC836. International Monetary Fund (IMF) (2014), World Economic Outlook, October 2014, Washington D.C.: International Monetary Fund. Available at: http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo...

  10. No Country for Old Men: Aging Dictators and Economic Growth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jong-A-Pin, Richard; Mierau, Jochen O.

    2011-09-13

    by choosing between investments in capital goods and extracting rents. Whereas investments in capital goods will ensure higher national income and higher future utility, extracting rents from the economy increases instantaneous utility but comes at the cost... such as the availability of natural resources or geographical characteristics, whereas year fixed effects control for global economic shocks such as the oil crises in 1973 and 1979. We include dictator fixed effects to control for individual characteristics of dictators...

  11. Promoting Sustainable Economic Growth in Mexico (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Watson, A.; Butheau, M.; Sandor, D.

    2013-11-01

    Mexico is the second largest economy in Latin America, with rapid growth occurring in the industrial and services sectors. A forward-thinking country on climate change, the nation recognizes that the threat of higher temperatures, changes in precipitation patterns, and more frequent weather-related disasters could pose a substantial risk to its expanding economy.

  12. Racial Geography, Economic Growth and Natural Disaster Resilience

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Huiping; Fernandez, Steven J.; Ganguly, Auroop

    2014-03-01

    Recent development of National Response Plans and National Incident Management Plans has emphasized the need for interoperability of plans, systems, technology, and command structures. However, much less emphasis has been placed on equally important elements such as the at-risk populations’ response to those plans, systems, and directions. The community-wide consequences of Hurricane Katrina demonstrated that the protection of communities should no longer be considered only a function of public organizations. Private organizations, nonprofit organizations and individual households have significant roles to play in these plans (Comfort 2006, Salamon 2002). This study is a first attempt to characterize the effect on the resilience (recovery) of metropolitan areas by the presence (or absence) of separate small communities within a larger jurisdiction. These communities can be based on many different social cleavages (ethnic, racial, economic, social, geographic, linguistic, etc.).

  13. INVESTING IN HEALTH FOR ECONOMIC GROWTH AND POVERTY REDUCTION: New perspectives and opportunities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klein, Ophir

    W2 2 MI F H 6 0 h PROGRAMME INVESTING IN HEALTH FOR ECONOMIC GROWTH AND POVERTY REDUCTION: New, and an increasingly complex developmental agenda that emphasizes debt and poverty reduction as a means to promote; integrating new health initiatives into a broader poverty reduction and development framework; and resolving

  14. U.S. Government Supports Low Emission Economic Growth (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Watson, A.; Sandor, D.; Butheau, M.

    2013-11-01

    Countries around the world face the challenge of maintaining long-term sustainable economic growth and development under the threat of climate change. By identifying and pursuing a sustainable development pathway now, they are better positioned to reach their economic growth goals while addressing climate change impacts and lowering greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Low emission development strategies - development plans that promote sustainable social and economic development while reducing long-term GHG emissions - provide a pathway to preparing for a global low emission future. Partner country governments are working with the U.S. government through the Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies (EC-LEDS) program to further their national development objectives.

  15. Wilton Park Conference WP674 INVESTING IN HEALTH FOR ECONOMIC GROWTH AND POVERTY REDUCTION: NEW PERSPECTIVES AND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Klein, Ophir

    Wilton Park Conference WP674 INVESTING IN HEALTH FOR ECONOMIC GROWTH AND POVERTY REDUCTION: NEW IN HEALTH FOR ECONOMIC GROWTH AND POVERTY REDUCTION: NEW PERSPECTIVES AND OPPORTUNITIES 20 - 23 May 2002 health is seen as a critical pathway for addressing world poverty. At the 55th Session of the UN General

  16. Economic Impact of Alternative Growth Promotant Strategies on the United States Beef Industry. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, R. Lynn; Dietrich, R.A.; Byers, F.M.

    1991-01-01

    nlent of Animal Science), all at Texas A&M University. PREFACE I This bulletin analyzes economic impacts of alternative growth promotant strategies on the United States (U.S.) beef industry at the cow/calf, stocker, feedlot, wholesale, and retail.... The study also provides estimates of changes in net returns to producers and cattle feeders and in wholesale and retail gross revenues as implant strategies undergo change. Acknowledgment The authors wish to express appreciation to Dr. J. Rod Martin...

  17. Integrated Dynamic Gloabal Modeling of Land Use, Energy and Economic Growth

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Atul Jain, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, IL Brian O'Neill, NCAR, Boulder, CO

    2009-10-14

    The overall objective of this collaborative project is to integrate an existing general equilibrium energy-economic growth model with a biogeochemical cycles and biophysical models in order to more fully explore the potential contribution of land use-related activities to future emissions scenarios. Land cover and land use change activities, including deforestation, afforestation, and agriculture management, are important source of not only CO2, but also non-CO2 GHGs. Therefore, contribution of land-use emissions to total emissions of GHGs is important, and consequently their future trends are relevant to the estimation of climate change and its mitigation. This final report covers the full project period of the award, beginning May 2006, which includes a sub-contract to Brown University later transferred to the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) when Co-PI Brian O'Neill changed institutional affiliations.

  18. STUDY OF THE EFFECT OF MILITARY SPENDING ON ECONOMIC GROWTH IN THE WORLD SYSTEM FROM 1870 TO 1950 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kang, Nahua 1990-

    2012-05-08

    ……………………………………………………………………….….37 CONTACT INFORMATION……………………………………………………………38 v LIST OF FIGURES FIGURE Page 1: Argentina…………………………………...…………………………………………..8 2: Australia……………………………………………………...………………………..9 3: Austria... or weak correlation between military spending and economic growth. The result of my research is that Group 1 consists of 31 countries, and Group 2 of 3 countries, and Group 3 of 5 countries. Group 1 consists of Austria, Australia, Argentina, Belgium...

  19. The MIT EPPA6 Model: Economic Growth, Energy Use, and Food Consumption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Y.-H.H.

    The MIT Economic Projection and Policy Analysis (EPPA) model has been broadly applied on energy and climate policy analyses. In this paper, we provide an updated version of the model based on the most recent global economic ...

  20. The Rise of Europe: Atlantic Trade, Institutioanl Change and Economic Growth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acemoglu, Daron

    2003-04-14

    This paper documents that the Rise of (Western) Europe between 1500 and 1850 is largely accounted for by the growth of European nations with access to the Atlantic, ...

  1. Regional catalytic economic impacts and noise-damage costs of aviation growth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tam, Ryan Aung Min, 1973-

    2008-01-01

    There is growing recognition that transportation or infrastructure improvements can have longer-term catalytic impacts economic productivity, which are in addition to the direct, indirect, or induced household spending ...

  2. The transition of urban growth in China : a case study of the Shenzhen Special Economic Zone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gao, Mingzheng, 1965-

    1995-01-01

    The Chinese government announced new economic reform policies in December of 1978. The announcement included an urban distribution policy that emphasized small cities and towns for rural urbanization as a means to achieve ...

  3. Growth strategy for hybrid organizations : balancing economic, environmental, and social impacts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mamao, Gustavo Moreira

    2011-01-01

    Hybrid organizations combine the structure and culture of for-profit companies with the commitment to social good of non-profit organizations. This structure enables them to address social problems in an economically ...

  4. General Purpose Technologies and Economic Growth: Electricity Diffusion in the Manufacturing Sector Before WWII

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ristuccia, Cristiano Andrea; Solomou, Solomos

    of spillovers, etc.); magnitude of its economic benefits (the size of social savings, and efficiency gains it affords, and the extent of each individual spillover); and speed of the diffusion process as, however pervasive and large the technological changes...

  5. The political economy of military spending, freedom, conflicts, and economic growth in developing countries 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Attar, Riad A

    2006-08-16

    of Algeria .....................................................................128 1 CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION This study assesses the effect of politics on growth in sixty nine developing societies. Political economists (e.g. Harrod, 1939; Domar,1946; Solow...

  6. Ecological Economics 29 (1999) 473483 The second law, the fourth law, recycling and limits to growth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1999-01-01

    Ecological Economics 29 (1999) 473­483 ANALYSIS The second law, the fourth law, recycling that there must be a large stockpile of inactive materials as well as an exogenous source of exergy (e.g. from energy (i.e. exergy) is ultimately the only scarce element be- cause, if enough of it is available, all

  7. Economic Voting in an Age of Growth and Poverty Reduction: Electoral Response in Latin America (1995-2010)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Veiga, Luciana

    2013-01-01

    dollars/day; c) Subjective evaluation economic performance:sociotropic economic evaluations and higher numbers of votesthe subjective economic evaluation, and in turn the

  8. 1 Economics The study of economics investigates the consequences of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vertes, Akos

    1 Economics ECONOMICS The study of economics investigates the consequences of scarcity, which forces people, organizations and governments to choose among competing objectives. Economics looks, unemployment, inflation, economic growth and the use and distribution of resources within and across nations

  9. An economic model incorporating shrimp growth and water quality parameters into a budget-simulation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanson, Jerrell Scott

    1979-01-01

    for Future Research. LIST OF REFERENCES APPENDIX A: POND CONSTRUCTION AND VOLUME. APPENDIX B: THE COMPUTER MODEL 127 131 134 139 146 VITA 175 LIST OF TABLES Number Page 1 Price (dollars per pound) for the size classes 36-40 and 51-60 tails per... present value and return on equity, however, no de- tailed budgeting or biology was incorporated. In Adams' study a bio-economic model was designed to assimilate production data from current pond cultuze operations, develop financial analyses, simulate...

  10. Economics of Future Growth in Photovoltaics Manufacturing; NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Basore, Paul; Chung, Donald; Buonassisi, Tonio

    2015-06-14

    The past decade’s record of growth in the photovoltaic manufacturing industry indicates that global investment in manufacturing capacity for photovoltaic modules tends to increase in proportion to the size of the industry. The slope of this proportionality determines how fast the industry will grow in the future. Two key parameters determine this slope. One is the annual global investment in manufacturing capacity normalized to the manufacturing capacity for the previous year (capacity-normalized capital investment rate, CapIR, units $/W). The other is how much capital investment is required for each watt of annual manufacturing capacity, normalized to the service life of the assets (capacity-normalized capital demand rate, CapDR, units $/W). If these two parameters remain unchanged from the values they have held for the past few years, global manufacturing capacity will peak in the next few years and then decline. However, it only takes a small improvement in CapIR to ensure future growth in photovoltaics. Any accompanying improvement in CapDR will accelerate that growth.

  11. More electrification reduces total energy usage, aids economic growth, and fights inflation. [Conference paper

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Felix, F.

    1980-01-01

    Many little-known benefits will accrue if more electricity is used and substituted for nonelectric energy. Assuming that electricity continues to increase its share by 75% of the total incremental need each year, its share will reach 51% by the year 2000. The growth in demand is due to the multiple primary sources which can generate power and the diverse end uses; its cost advantages; the degree of sophistication, innovation, and value it contributes to products and services; and energy savings. Since electricty has the capacity to reverse inflationary and declining productivity trends of recent years, a correlation can be found between increased use of electricity and manufacturing productivity. Attention should be drawn to these and other benefits during the continuing energy debate. 7 references, 4 tables. (DCK)

  12. A Direct Measure of Technical Change and Its Economic Implications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Issoufou, Salifou

    2011-01-01

    in “Rapid Economic Growth and Technology Transfers” OctoberInformation Technology and Growth,” Amer- ican EconomicProductivity Growth: Or, Does Information technology explain

  13. A general equilibrium analysis of the effects of carbon emission restrictions on economic growth in a developing country

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blitzer, Charles R.

    1990-01-01

    A general equilibrium approach, in the form of a multisector, intertemporal programming model, is used to analyze the effects on the growth of the Egyptian economy of carbon emissions constraints that differ across sectors ...

  14. Economics Undergraduate BSc Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burton, Geoffrey R.

    Economics Undergraduate BSc Economics BSc Economics and Politics #12;www.bath.ac.uk/economics Welcome to the Department of Economics The Department has a strong international research reputation in mainstream economics. Our teaching is internationally respected and our students are in demand by employers

  15. Economics Postgraduate MSc Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burton, Geoffrey R.

    Economics Postgraduate MSc Economics MSc Economics & Finance MSc International Money & Banking #12;www.bath.ac.uk/economics Welcome to the Department of Economics The Department offers a range. The Department has a strong international research reputation in mainstream economics. Our teaching and research

  16. Urban Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quigley, John M.

    2006-01-01

    property taxation regional economics residential segregationexternalities urban economics urban production externalitiesproperty taxation regional economics residential segregation

  17. High quality Y-type hexaferrite thick films for microwave applications by an economical and environmentally benign crystal growth technique

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hu, Bolin; Chen, Yajie, E-mail: y.chen@neu.edu; Gillette, Scott; Su, Zhijuan; Harris, Vincent G. [Center for Microwave Magnetic Materials and Integrated Circuits and Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Northeastern University, Boston, Massachusetts 02115 (United States); Wolf, Jason; McHenry, Michael E. [Materials Science and Engineering, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 (United States)

    2014-02-17

    Thick barium hexaferrite Ba{sub 2}Zn{sub 2}Fe{sub 12}O{sub 22} (i.e., Zn{sub 2}Y) films having thicknesses of ?100??m were epitaxially grown on MgO (111) substrates using an environmentally benign ferrite-salt mixture by vaporizing the salt. X-ray diffraction pole figure analyses showed (00l) crystallographic alignment with little in plane dispersion confirming epitaxial growth. Saturation magnetization, 4?M{sub s}, was measured for as-grown films to be 2.51?±?0.1?kG with an out of plane magnetic anisotropy field H{sub A} of 8.9?±?0.1?kOe. Ferromagnetic resonance linewidth, as the peak-to-peak power absorption derivative at 9.6?GHz, was measured to be 62?Oe. These properties demonstrate a rapid, convenient, cost-effective, and nontoxic method of growing high quality thick crystalline ferrite films which could be used widely for microwave device applications.

  18. Access to affordable and reliable energy has been a cornerstone of the world's increasing prosperity and economic growth since the beginning of the industrial revolution. Our use of energy in the twenty-first century must also be

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    prosperity and economic growth since the beginning of the industrial revolution. Our use of energy to create the foundation for this new industrial revolution. The talk will also discuss policies public. F E A T U R I N G A New Industrial Revolution for a Sustainable Energy Future SCOB 228 · Friday

  19. Institutional Traps and Economic Growth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gradstein, Mark

    (ydt) = µt + bt?t2; for example, under full democracy, bt = 0, the median income voter, ymt, is decisive (see Benabou, 2000, for a more complete derivation in a related context). First, the voters determine whether to democratize – in which case future... we focus on internal solutions. 21 post level of institutional quality for the median income voter, yit = ymt, from (17), is the maximal one, Qt+1 = 1. In this case, we calculate the equilibrium values: kit+1 = ?yit/(1+?), rit+1 = 0, cit = yit...

  20. Strategic Growth Initiative (Michigan)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A joint venture between Michigan Department of Agriculture and Rural Development (MDARD) and the Michigan Economic Development Corporation (MEDC), the Strategic Growth Initiative Grant Program was...

  1. Energy and Depletable Resources: Economics and Policy, 1973-98 (Revised)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolstad, Charles D.

    1998-01-01

    that anyone involved in energy policy realizes contribute toJorgenson, Dale W. , “ Energy Policy And Economic Growth,and Jorgenson (1974), “ Energy Policy and Economic Growth,

  2. Anchor institutions and local economic development through procurement : an analysis of strategies to stimulate the growth of local and minority enterprises through supplier linkages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De La O, Iris Marlene

    2012-01-01

    Anchor institutions, such as hospitals and universities are increasingly engaging in community and economic development initiatives in their host cities. Annually, these institutions spend millions of dollar on a variety ...

  3. Risk and robust optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, David Benjamin, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2006-01-01

    This thesis develops and explores the connections between risk theory and robust optimization. Specifically, we show that there is a one-to-one correspondence between a class of risk measures known as coherent risk measures ...

  4. Relatively robust grasping

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hsiao, Kaijen

    2009-01-01

    This thesis presents an approach for grasping objects robustly under significant positional uncertainty. In the field of robot manipulation there has been a great deal of work on how to grasp objects stably, and in the ...

  5. Architecting complex systems for robustness

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Slagle, Jason C

    2007-01-01

    Robust design methodologies are frequently utilized by organizations to develop robust and reliable complex systems. The intent of robust design is to create systems that are insensitive to variations from production, the ...

  6. Robustness of Spatial Micronetworks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McAndrew, Thomas C; Bagrow, James P

    2015-01-01

    Power lines, roadways, pipelines and other physical infrastructure are critical to modern society. These structures may be viewed as spatial networks where geographic distances play a role in the functionality and construction cost of links. Traditionally, studies of network robustness have primarily considered the connectedness of large, random networks. Yet for spatial infrastructure physical distances must also play a role in network robustness. Understanding the robustness of small spatial networks is particularly important with the increasing interest in microgrids, small-area distributed power grids that are well suited to using renewable energy resources. We study the random failures of links in small networks where functionality depends on both spatial distance and topological connectedness. By introducing a percolation model where the failure of each link is proportional to its spatial length, we find that, when failures depend on spatial distances, networks are more fragile than expected. Accounting...

  7. Unbiased Robust Template Estimation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reuter, Martin

    Unbiased Robust Template Estimation for Longitudinal Analysis in FreeSurfer Compared with cross-sectional may have a profound clinical impact. The current methods that utilize cross-sectional approaches, R. & Maguire, P. & Rosas, D. & Makris, N. & Dale, A. & Dickerson, B. & Fischl, B. (2006

  8. Energy Prices and California's Economic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sadoulet, Elisabeth

    months, with national unemployment at 25 year highs, retail U.S. gasoline prices have risen 40 percent1 Energy Prices and California's Economic Security David RolandHolst October, 2009 on Energy Prices, Renewables, Efficiency, and Economic Growth: Scenarios and Forecasts, financial support

  9. Crushing national debts, economic revolutions, and extraordinary popular delusions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Odlyzko, Andrew M.

    that there was a long period in Western Europe of accelerating economic growth and of improved technology, going back Boom" started. The pace of economic growth accelerated significantly. Further- more, as is visible smooth growth. This helped convince the public that continuing growth was possible

  10. Enhancing network robustness via shielding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Jianan, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2014-01-01

    Shielding critical links enhances network robustness and provides a new way of designing robust networks. We first consider shielding critical links to guarantee network connectivity after any failure under geographical ...

  11. Technology Regimes and Productivity Growth in Europe and the United States: A Comparative and Historical Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Ark, Bart; Smits, Jan Pieter

    2005-01-01

    Productivity Growth, Netherlands, Technology Regime PeriodSteam as a General Purpose Technology: A Growth Accountingeds. , Productivity, Technology, and Economic Growth, Kluwer

  12. Robust automated knowledge capture.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stevens-Adams, Susan Marie; Abbott, Robert G.; Forsythe, James Chris; Trumbo, Michael Christopher Stefan; Haass, Michael Joseph; Hendrickson, Stacey M. Langfitt

    2011-10-01

    This report summarizes research conducted through the Sandia National Laboratories Robust Automated Knowledge Capture Laboratory Directed Research and Development project. The objective of this project was to advance scientific understanding of the influence of individual cognitive attributes on decision making. The project has developed a quantitative model known as RumRunner that has proven effective in predicting the propensity of an individual to shift strategies on the basis of task and experience related parameters. Three separate studies are described which have validated the basic RumRunner model. This work provides a basis for better understanding human decision making in high consequent national security applications, and in particular, the individual characteristics that underlie adaptive thinking.

  13. Optimization Online - Robust Optimization Submissions - 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robust Optimization Submissions - 2013. January 2013. Robust Least Square Semidefinite Programming with Applications to Correlation Stress Testing

  14. Robust Polymer Composite Membranes for Hydrogen Separation |...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Robust Polymer Composite Membranes for Hydrogen Separation Robust Polymer Composite Membranes for Hydrogen Separation polymercompositemembranes.pdf More Documents & Publications...

  15. FINANCIAL ECONOMICS RESOURCE ECONOMICS AND POLICY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Andrew

    ECONOMICS FINANCIAL ECONOMICS RESOURCE ECONOMICS AND POLICY Program of Study The School of Economics at the University of Maine provides excellent opportunities for graduate students to study applied economics, financial economics, and policy analysis. The School of Economics administers the Master

  16. Robust Minimax Probability Machine Regression Robust Minimax Probability Machine Regression

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grudic, Greg

    Robust Minimax Probability Machine Regression Robust Minimax Probability Machine Regression Thomas of Computer Science University of Colorado Boulder, C0 80309-0430, USA Abstract We formulate regression as maximizing the minimum probability () that the regression model is within ± of all future observations (i

  17. Cogeneration Economics 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mongon, A.

    1984-01-01

    Cogeneration of heat power is today receiving more attention by energy economists and policy makers - The enormous escalation of energy prices over the last decade has made energy efficiency an important economic factor for most energy users...

  18. African Economic Research ConsortiumCornell University Conference on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Tsuhan

    of the economic distortions, its payoff in terms of growth and poverty reduction has been disappointing, to say is likely to benefit poverty reduction and growth directly. Addressing these constraints, especially those savings rates, capital available for investment of future cohorts, and economic growth #12;Gains from

  19. Species interactions differ in their genetic robustness

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Chubiz, Lon M.; Granger, Brian R.; Segre, Daniel; Harcombe, William R.

    2015-04-14

    Conflict and cooperation between bacterial species drive the composition and function of microbial communities. Stability of these emergent properties will be influenced by the degree to which species' interactions are robust to genetic perturbations. We use genome-scale metabolic modeling to computationally analyze the impact of genetic changes when Escherichia coli and Salmonella enterica compete, or cooperate. We systematically knocked out in silico each reaction in the metabolic network of E. coli to construct all 2583 mutant stoichiometric models. Then, using a recently developed multi-scale computational framework, we simulated the growth of each mutant E. coli in the presence of S.more »enterica. The type of interaction between species was set by modulating the initial metabolites present in the environment. We found that the community was most robust to genetic perturbations when the organisms were cooperating. Species ratios were more stable in the cooperative community, and community biomass had equal variance in the two contexts. Additionally, the number of mutations that have a substantial effect is lower when the species cooperate than when they are competing. In contrast, when mutations were added to the S. enterica network the system was more robust when the bacteria were competing. These results highlight the utility of connecting metabolic mechanisms and studies of ecological stability. Cooperation and conflict alter the connection between genetic changes and properties that emerge at higher levels of biological organization.« less

  20. Species interactions differ in their genetic robustness

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Chubiz, Lon M. [Univ. of Missouri - St. Louis, St. Louis, MO (United States); Granger, Brian R. [Boston Univ., MA (United States); Segre, Daniel [Boston Univ., MA (United States); Harcombe, William R. [Univ. of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN (United States)

    2015-04-14

    Conflict and cooperation between bacterial species drive the composition and function of microbial communities. Stability of these emergent properties will be influenced by the degree to which species' interactions are robust to genetic perturbations. We use genome-scale metabolic modeling to computationally analyze the impact of genetic changes when Escherichia coli and Salmonella enterica compete, or cooperate. We systematically knocked out in silico each reaction in the metabolic network of E. coli to construct all 2583 mutant stoichiometric models. Then, using a recently developed multi-scale computational framework, we simulated the growth of each mutant E. coli in the presence of S. enterica. The type of interaction between species was set by modulating the initial metabolites present in the environment. We found that the community was most robust to genetic perturbations when the organisms were cooperating. Species ratios were more stable in the cooperative community, and community biomass had equal variance in the two contexts. Additionally, the number of mutations that have a substantial effect is lower when the species cooperate than when they are competing. In contrast, when mutations were added to the S. enterica network the system was more robust when the bacteria were competing. These results highlight the utility of connecting metabolic mechanisms and studies of ecological stability. Cooperation and conflict alter the connection between genetic changes and properties that emerge at higher levels of biological organization.

  1. Essays in Labor Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harker Roa, Arturo

    2012-01-01

    Economic Journal: Applied Economics, American Eco- nomicQuarterly Journal of Economics, August 1996, 111, 779-804. [Journal of Development Economics, 1996, 50, 297-312. [5

  2. DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS COLLEGE OF BUSINESS AND ECONOMICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickman, Mark

    than consumption in the 1980s, but now nearly half of total oil consumption is imported and attempts of coal (which China has large stocks of) consumption gradually decline with oil, gas and electricity Abstract: With its rapid economic growth, China's primary energy consumption has exceeded domestic energy

  3. Economic assessment of CO? capture and disposal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eckaus, Richard S.; Jacoby, Henry D.; Ellerman, A. Denny.; Leung, Wing-Chi.; Yang, Zili.

    A multi-sector multi-region general equilibrium model of economic growth and emissions is used to explore the conditions that will determine the market penetration of CO2 capture and disposal technology.

  4. The Influence of Education on Economic Development 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Garcia, Julia

    2013-04-15

    The purpose of this research is to measure the effect of education on economic development. Economists use education to explain growth unexplained by capital, and argue that it is a fundamental determinant of technological change. Sociologists have...

  5. Robust inversion for UXO discrimination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oldenburg, Douglas W.

    1 Robust inversion for UXO discrimination Laurens Beran, Stephen Billings, Doug Oldenburg and discrimination performance Estimating standard deviations from the data is an important step for inversion of TEM discrimination. Lin Ping Song, Len Pasion, Nicolas Lhomme #12;

  6. Supplementary Material for Robust Regression

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Supplementary Material for Robust Regression Dong Huang, Ricardo Cabral and Fernando De la Torre the solutions of the subproblems (3)-(6). #12;2 Dong Huang, Ricardo Silveira Cabral and Fernando De la Torre 1

  7. Appendix B: Economic growth case comparisons

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (BillionProved Reserves (BillionTechnical Information >,901,760Thousand CubicDryDry4,6456384 U.S.4

  8. Essays on India’s Economic Growth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Nirvikar

    2009-01-01

    services: fund raising, asset management, personal wealthmanagement, and general asset management can all have aand derivatives, asset management based on algorithmic

  9. 14.452 Economic Growth, Fall 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acemoglu, Daron

    The basic machines of macroeconomics. Ramsey, Solow, Samuelson-Diamond, RBCs, ISLM, Mundell-Fleming, Fischer-Taylor. How they work, what shortcuts they take, and how they can be used. Half-term subject. From the course ...

  10. Brookhaven National Laboratory Economic Impact Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ohta, Shigemi

    economic climate, the greatest opportunities for local, national, and global growth rest with the time-tested National Laboratory The Economic Engine of World-Class Science National Synchrotron Light Sources NSLS Media & Communications Office (631) 344-2345 Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider RHIC smashes particles

  11. Fuel economizer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zwierzelewski, V.F.

    1984-06-26

    A fuel economizer device for use with an internal combustion engine fitted with a carburetor is disclosed. The fuel economizer includes a plate member which is mounted between the carburetor and the intake portion of the intake manifold. The plate member further has at least one aperture formed therein. One tube is inserted through the at least one aperture in the plate member. The one tube extends longitudinally in the passage of the intake manifold from the intake portion toward the exit portion thereof. The one tube concentrates the mixture of fuel and air from the carburetor and conveys the mixture of fuel and air to a point adjacent but spaced away from the inlet port of the internal combustion engine.

  12. Economic analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    1980-06-01

    The Energy Policy and Conservation Act (EPCA) mandated that minimum energy efficiency standards be established for classes of refrigerators and refrigerator-freezers, freezers, clothes dryers, water heaters, room air conditioners, home heating equipment, kitchen ranges and ovens, central air conditioners, and furnaces. EPCA requires that standards be designed to achieve the maximum improvement in energy efficiency that is technologically feasible and economically justified. Following the introductory chapter, Chapter Two describes the methodology used in the economic analysis and its relationship to legislative criteria for consumer product efficiency assessment; details how the CPES Value Model systematically compared and evaluated the economic impacts of regulation on the consumer, manufacturer and Nation. Chapter Three briefly displays the results of the analysis and lists the proposed performance standards by product class. Chapter Four describes the reasons for developing a baseline forecast, characterizes the baseline scenario from which regulatory impacts were calculated and summarizes the primary models, data sources and assumptions used in the baseline formulations. Chapter Five summarizes the methodology used to calculate regulatory impacts; describes the impacts of energy performance standards relative to the baseline discussed in Chapter Four. Also discussed are regional standards and other program alternatives to performance standards. Chapter Six describes the procedure for balancing consumer, manufacturer, and national impacts to select standard levels. Details of models and data bases used in the analysis are included in Appendices A through K.

  13. Essays in Labor Economics and Development Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yakovlev, Evgeny

    2012-01-01

    Russian Style." Journal of Public Economics 76(3):337-368Examples)”, RAND Journal of Economics, Summer. Bertrand,Quarterly Journal of Economics 119(1):249-275. Bhattacharya,

  14. Essays in Applied Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crost, Benjamin

    2011-01-01

    A. D. 2008, Review of Economics and Statistics, 90, 191J. 2008, Journal of Health Economics, 27, 218 Blattman, C. &Ilmakunnas, P. 2009, Health Economics, 18, 161 Caliendo,

  15. Essays in Regulatory Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guerrero, Santiago

    2011-01-01

    Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 58(2) (Journal of Environmental Economics and Management (2009), inevidence. ” Eastern Economics Journal, 23 (3) (1997), 253-

  16. Essays in behavioral economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eil, David Holding

    2011-01-01

    Essays in Behavioral Economics A dissertation submitted inDoctor of Philosophy in Economics by David Holding Eilfunction,” The Review of Economics and Statistics, 1995,

  17. Essays in Development Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bazzi, Samuel Ali

    are weak,” Review of Economics and Statistics, 2004, 86,Essays in Development Economics A dissertation submitted indegree Doctor of Philosophy in Economics by Samuel Ali Bazzi

  18. Essays in Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Romem, Israel Hadas

    2013-01-01

    Science and Urban Economics 41 (1), 67 – 76. Anenberg, E. (Dynamics. Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2012-48.University, Department of Economics, Industrial Relations

  19. Essays in Labor Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freeman, Donald Eric

    2010-01-01

    staff at IRLE and the Economics Depart- ment, especiallyof New Employees,” Review of Economics and Statistics, 1985,Firm Level,” Journal of Labor Economics, 1993, 11, 442–470.

  20. Robustness of Controlled Quantum Dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andy Koswara; Raj Chakrabarti

    2014-09-29

    Control of multi-level quantum systems is sensitive to implementation errors in the control field and uncertainties associated with system Hamiltonian parameters. A small variation in the control field spectrum or the system Hamiltonian can cause an otherwise optimal field to deviate from controlling desired quantum state transitions and reaching a particular objective. An accurate analysis of robustness is thus essential in understanding and achieving model-based quantum control, such as in control of chemical reactions based on ab initio or experimental estimates of the molecular Hamiltonian. In this paper, theoretical foundations for quantum control robustness analysis are presented from both a distributional perspective - in terms of moments of the transition amplitude, interferences, and transition probability - and a worst-case perspective. Based on this theory, analytical expressions and a computationally efficient method for determining the robustness of coherently controlled quantum dynamics are derived. The robustness analysis reveals that there generally exists a set of control pathways that are more resistant to destructive interferences in the presence of control field and system parameter uncertainty. These robust pathways interfere and combine to yield a relatively accurate transition amplitude and high transition probability when uncertainty is present.

  1. Modeling tin whisker growth.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Weinberger, Christopher Robert

    2013-08-01

    Tin, lead, and lead-tin solders are the most commonly used solders due to their low melting temperatures. However, due to the toxicity problems, lead must now be removed from solder materials. This has lead to the re-emergence of the issue of tin whisker growth. Tin whiskers are a microelectronic packaging issue because they can lead to shorts if they grow to sufficient length. However, the cause of tin whisker growth is still not well understood and there is lack of robust methods to determine when and if whiskering will be a problem. This report summarizes some of the leading theories on whisker growth and attempts to provide some ideas towards establishing the role microstructure plays in whisker growth.

  2. Forging the Link: Linking the Economic Incentives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the effects of land use changes on water resources, the economic incentives of LID, changes in climate and opportunities of growth 2. Unplanned growth can lead to a loss of natural resources that support a community the Resource Manual that provides additional background information for local implementation. FTL focuses

  3. Online Social Activity Reflects Economic Status

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Jin-Hu; Shao, Junming; Zhou, Tao

    2015-01-01

    To characterize economic development and diagnose the economic health condition, several popular indices such as gross domestic product (GDP), industrial structure and income growth are widely applied. However, computing these indices based on traditional economic census is usually costly and resources consuming, and more importantly, following a long time delay. In this paper, we analyzed nearly 200 million users' activities for four consecutive years in the largest social network (Sina Microblog) in China, aiming at exploring latent relationships between the online social activities and local economic status. Results indicate that online social activity has a strong correlation with local economic development and industrial structure, and more interestingly, allows revealing the macro-economic structure instantaneously with nearly no cost. Beyond, this work also provides a new venue to identify risky signal in local economic structure.

  4. Research, Innovation & Economic Development at North Carolina State University ReseaRch Impetus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Langerhans, Brian

    economic opportunities and improve people's lives. "Research is an investment in the future. Basic researchresults Research, Innovation & Economic Development at North Carolina State University XI, NO. 2 FALL 2011 ReseaRch Impetus: economIc RecoveRy #12;TRaNSlaTINg RESEaRCh INTo ECoNomIC gRowTh TaBlE oF Co

  5. Ecological economizer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peterson, E.M.

    1992-06-16

    This patent describes an engine economizer system adapted to supply an internal combustion engine with a heated air and water vapor mixture. It comprises a containment vessel, the vessel having: water level control means, an engine coolant fluid circuit, an engine lubricant circuit, an elongated air passage, air disbursement means, a water reservoir, air filter means, a vacuum aspiration port, and engine induction means associated with one of the carburetor and intake manifold and adapted to draw in the heated air and water vapor mixture by means of a hose connection to the aspiration port.

  6. Essays in Development Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keats, Anthony

    2012-01-01

    Discontinuity Designs in Economics," Journal of EconomicJournal of Development Economics 87(1): 57-75. [21] Ozier,Journal of Development Economics 94, 151-163. [9] Delavande,

  7. On economic bicameralism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferreras, Isabelle, 1975-

    2004-01-01

    (cont.) for both economic profitability and democratic justice, is explored after the roots of the idea of economic bicameralism in socio-economic history and existing socio-economic institutions (such as Works Councils) ...

  8. Metropolitan High-Technology Industry Growth in the Mid 1970s: Can Everyone Have a Slice of the High-Tech Pie

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glasmeier, Amy; Hall, Peter; Markusen, Ann R.

    1984-01-01

    such as crystal-growth technology. The second measure ,sustained economic growth (Office of Technology Assessmen t,TABLE 1 High Technology Industries Growth Performance, 1972-

  9. Economics & Finance Degree options

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brierley, Andrew

    90 Economics & Finance Degree options MA or BSc (Single Honours Degrees) Applied Economics Economics Financial Economics BA (International Honours Degree) Economics (See page 43) MA or BSc (Joint Honours Degrees) Economics and one of: Geography Management Mathematics MA (Joint Honours Degrees

  10. Economics & Finance Degree options

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brierley, Andrew

    98 Economics & Finance Degree options MA or BSc (Single Honours Degrees) Applied Economics Economics Financial Economics BA (International Honours Degree) Economics (See page 51) MA or BSc (Joint Honours Degrees) Economics and one of: Geography Management Mathematics MA (Joint Honours Degrees

  11. MPP (Planning & Economic Development Concentration) Requirements & Suggested Course Sequence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frantz, Kyle J.

    of Planning Spring Fall PMAP 8321 Economic Development Policy PMAP 8521 Evaluation Research: DesignMPP (Planning & Economic Development Concentration) Requirements & Suggested Course Sequence 2013 and Analysis R PMAP 8321 Economic Development Policy R PMAP 8331 Urban Development and Growth Management E

  12. Robust Cost Colorings Takuro Fukunaga

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Halldórsson, Magnús M.

    Robust Cost Colorings Takuro Fukunaga Magn´us M. Halld´orsson Hiroshi Nagamochi Abstract We consider graph coloring problems where the cost of a coloring is the sum of the costs of the colors, and the cost of a color is a monotone concave function of the total weight of the class. This models resource

  13. Smart Schools, Smart Growth: Investing in Education Facilities and Stronger Communities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bruce Fuller; Jeffrey M. Vincent; Deborah McKoy; Ariel H. Bierbaum

    2009-01-01

    investments to equity, smart 4 Vincent, growth, and healthyfacilities in California. Hamden, CT: Department SmartSchools, Smart Growth of Economics, Quinnipiac University (

  14. Seeking Smart Growth: The Idea of a California Global Higher Education Hub

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Douglass, John Aubrey; Edelstein, Richard; Haoreau, Cecile

    2013-01-01

    future for US economic growth is greater knowledge production, including high-tech areas such as developing alternative energy

  15. Geometric conditions for robust stability 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chapellat, Herve?

    1987-01-01

    ) Michael T. Lo gnecker (Member) Jo W. Howze (Head of Department) December 1987 ABSTRACT Ceometric Conditions for Robust Stability (Decenrber 1987) Herve Chapellat, B. S. , E. N. S. T. (Paris) Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. S. P. Bhsttacharyya.... Georghiades and M. T. Longnecker for their comments and for taking time in reviewing this thesis. Finally, I wish to express deep gratitude to my former school in Paris, the Ecole ?ationale Supericure des Telecornrnurdcations (E. lV. S. T. ), that allosved...

  16. Robust-Optimization — the elephant in the robust-satisficing room

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-09-24

    Sep 24, 2012 ... into sharp focus the relation between the robust-satisficing approach advocated by info-gap decision theory and Robust Optimization.

  17. Jointness of Growth Determinants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doppelhofer, Gernot; Weeks, Melvyn

    2006-03-14

    @cam.ac.uk, Tel: +44 1223 335200, Fax: +44 1223 335475. ‡Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB3 9DD, UK. Email: mw217@econ.cam.ac.uk 1 Introduction Model uncertainty is encountered in many areas of empirical work in economics... presents the empirical results for jointness of growth, and section 5 concludes. 2 Bayesian Model Averaging Consider the following general linear regression model y = X? + ? (1) where y is a (T × 1) vector of observations of the dependent variable...

  18. Research Article Neural Mechanisms Supporting Robust Discrimination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kilgard, Michael P.

    Research Article Neural Mechanisms Supporting Robust Discrimination of Spectrally and Temporally by spectrally and temporally degraded speech sounds will account for the robust behavioral discrimination of speech. We examined the behavioral discrimination of noise vocoded consonants and vowels by rats

  19. On the robustness of clustered sensor networks 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cho, Jung Jin

    2009-05-15

    or fault tolerance capability of a sensor system. The redundancy degree of sensors plays two important roles pertaining to the robustness of a sensor network. First, the redundancy degree provides proper parameter values for robust estimator; second, we can...

  20. Quantification of structural redundancy and robustness 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brett, Colin Joseph

    2015-06-29

    Historical collapse events are testament to the inherent dangers of non-robust structures. Designing robust structures is vital to ensure that localised damage events, such as the failure of a single structural element, ...

  1. Optimization Online - Robust Optimization Submissions - 2015

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robust Optimization Submissions - 2015. January 2015. A Composite Risk Measure Framework for Decision Making under Uncertainty Pengyu Qian, Zizhuo  ...

  2. On Robust Regression in Photogrammetric Point Clouds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schindler, Konrad

    On Robust Regression in Photogrammetric Point Clouds Konrad Schindler and Horst Bischof Institute,bischof}@icg.tu-graz.ac.at Abstract. Many applications in computer vision require robust linear regression on photogrammetrically for robust regression are based on distance measures from the regression surface to the points

  3. Distributed robustness versus redundancy as causes of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagner, Andreas

    Distributed robustness versus redundancy as causes of mutational robustness Andreas Wagner Summary networks and whole organisms. I here ask which of two possible causes of such robustness are more important of the two causes is redundancy of a system's parts: A gene may be dispensable if the genome contains

  4. Essays on health economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shafrin, Jason T.

    2009-01-01

    The Quarterly Journal of Economics Davidson SM, Manheim LM,The Quarterly Journal of Economics 84(3): 488-500. Atella V,data. Journal of Health Economics 27(3): 770-785. Averett S

  5. Essays in Team Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tumlinson, Justin

    2011-01-01

    3] Becker, G. , The Economics of Discrimination. UniversityEngland and Wales. ”Labour Economics, 7 (2000): 603-28. [5]The Bell Journal of Economics, 13 (1982): [11] Judge, T.

  6. Essays in Development Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hicks, Joan Hamory

    2009-01-01

    Handbook of Development Economics, Volume I (pp. 713-762).Journal of Development Economics, 81, 80-96. Behrman, JereJournal of Development Economics, 79, 349-373. Dercon,

  7. Essays in Financial Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shabani, Reza

    2012-01-01

    Journal of Financial Economics 92:66–91. [7] Chen, J. , H.G.Journal of Financial Economics 66:171–205. [8] Harrison,Journal of Financial Economics 66:207–239. [15] Keown,

  8. Essays in monetary economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghent, Andra C.

    2008-01-01

    rium. Journal of Urban Economics 9, 332-348. Whelan, K. ,Framework. Journal of Monetary Economics 12, 383-398. Chari,Journal of Monetary Economics 46, 281-313. Fernald, J. ,

  9. Essays in Public Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liscow, Zachary

    2012-01-01

    a Battleground. ” Defense Economics, 2: 219-233. Bailey, TA,Quarterly Journal of Economics, 112: 1057-1090. Coakley, J.Goldin, C. 1973. “The Economics of Emancipation. ” Journal

  10. Essays in Energy Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spurlock, Cecily Anna

    2013-01-01

    of work,” Journal of Labor Economics, pp. 209–236. Chen, X.Regional science and urban economics, 12(3), 313–324.2009): “Psychology and economics: Evidence from the field,”

  11. Essays on International Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cravino, Javier Pablo

    2013-01-01

    Journal of International Economics, Vol. 65, 375–99. [33]Journal of Monetary Economics, Vol. 51, No. 1, pp. 1–32. [Trade”, Journal of Monetary Economics, Vol. 54, No. 6, pp.

  12. Review: Forest Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Helman, Daniel S.

    2015-01-01

    Review: Forest Economics By Daowei Zhang and Peter H. PearsePearse, Peter H. Forest Economics. Vancouver, BC: UBC Press,Zhang and Pearse's Forest Economics presents a clear and

  13. Essays in Applied Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rider, Jessica Kristin

    2013-01-01

    Agricultural and Resource Economics Review, 41(1):82, [8]hard times. Journal of Health Economics, [31] C.J. Ruhm. AreJournal of Agricultural Economics, 87(5):1159– [2] J.K.

  14. Essays in Environmental Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gallagher, Justin

    2011-01-01

    sites. RAND Journal of Economics, 27(3), 1996. [57] Robertequations. Journal of Urban Economics, 10(1), July 1981. [Quarterly Journal of Economics, 116(1), February 2001. [16

  15. Essays in labor economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chou, Tiffany

    2011-01-01

    Journal of Population Economics , 15(4), 667-682. Akerlof,A. & Rachel E. Kranton. (2000). Economics and Identity.Quarterly Journal of Economics , 115(3), 715-753. Albanesi,

  16. Essays in Public Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Insook

    2013-01-01

    Evasion and Labour Supply" Economics Let- ters, 3(1): 53-among Siblings" Review of Economics and Statistics, 86 (2):Quarterly Journal of Economics, 87 (4): 608-626. [22

  17. Essays in Financial Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sohn, Sung Bin

    2012-01-01

    Journal of Financial Economics, 67, 149– Asquith, P. and D.Journal of Financial Economics, 15, 61–89. Back, K. and J.The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 113, 869–902. Blanchard,

  18. Essays in Environmental Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foreman, Kathleen

    2013-01-01

    Regional Sci- ence and Urban Economics, 22(1):103–121, MarchBridge. Journal of Transport Economics and Policy, 14(2):pp.Review of Environmental Economics and Policy, 5(1):66 – 88,

  19. Essays in Public Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wingender, Philippe

    2011-01-01

    The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 117(4), 1329-1368.eds. , Handbook of Labor Economics, Vol.3. Bound, J. ,Journal of Labor Economics, 19(1), 22-64. Chen, X. and

  20. On the Robustness of Global Optima and Stationary Solutions to Stochastic Mathematical Programs with

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patriksson, Michael

    network design and to robust intensity modulated radiation therapy. Keywords: Stochastic mathematical, such as uncertain material pa- rameters in a structural problem and stochastic market in an application to economics-case scenario. It is tractable for certain convex problems (see [3]); however, it has also been utilized

  1. Recent Progress toward Robust Photocathodes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mulhollan, G. A.; Bierman, J. C. [Saxet Surface Science, Austin, TX 78744 (United States)

    2009-08-04

    RF photoinjectors for next generation spin-polarized electron accelerators require photo-cathodes capable of surviving RF gun operation. Free electron laser photoinjectors can benefit from more robust visible light excited photoemitters. A negative electron affinity gallium arsenide activation recipe has been found that diminishes its background gas susceptibility without any loss of near bandgap photoyield. The highest degree of immunity to carbon dioxide exposure was achieved with a combination of cesium and lithium. Activated amorphous silicon photocathodes evince advantageous properties for high current photoinjectors including low cost, substrate flexibility, visible light excitation and greatly reduced gas reactivity compared to gallium arsenide.

  2. Occupy economic anthropology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maurer, B

    2012-01-01

    House. Hann, C. & K. Hart 2011. Economic anthropology:University of Minnesota Press. Hart, K. , J. -L. Laville &works, Chris Hann and Keith Hart’s Economic anthropology (

  3. Robust maintenance policies for Markovian systems under model uncertainty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuhn, K D; Madanat, S M

    2006-01-01

    2: The cost ranges of non-robust asset management. Figureranges of Maximin robust asset management. Figure 4: Theranges of Hurwicz (optimism = 0.5) robust asset management.

  4. space holder Fisheries Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #12;#12;space holder Fisheries Economics of the United States, 2011 Economics and Social Analysis Citation: National Marine Fisheries Service. 2012. Fisheries Economics of the United States, 2011. U/publication/index.html. A copy of this report may be obtained from: Economics and Social Analysis Division

  5. DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS AND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kunkle, Tom

    DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS AND FINANCE ANNUAL REPORT AY 2013-2014 School of Business 5 Liberty St and change to the Department of Economics and Finance. A revised economics curriculum, a new finance major the department will be divided into two. The Department of Economics will be chaired by Calvin Blackwell

  6. Experimental Economics: Where Next?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strien, Sebastian van

    Experimental Economics: Where Next? Ken Binmore Economics Dept University College Gower Street London WC1E 6BT United Kingdom Avner Shaked Economics Dept Bonn University Adenauerallee 24 53113 Bonn Germany Abstract: Where should experimental economics go next? This paper uses the literature on inequity

  7. Unlocking Growth Opportunities for Minority Businesses Through...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    around 80,000 a year and 5.4 million of economic growth. At the Energy Innovation Portal, the Department's hub for technology transfer resources, minority owned firms and...

  8. Quantifying the robustness of metro networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Xiangrong; Derrible, Sybil; Ahmad, Sk Nasir; Kooij, Robert E

    2015-01-01

    Metros (heavy rail transit systems) are integral parts of urban transportation systems. Failures in their operations can have serious impacts on urban mobility, and measuring their robustness is therefore critical. Moreover, as physical networks, metros can be viewed as network topological entities, and as such they possess measurable network properties. In this paper, by using network science and graph theoretical concepts, we investigate both theoretical and experimental robustness metrics (i.e., the robustness indicator, the effective graph conductance, and the critical thresholds) and their performance in quantifying the robustness of metro networks under random failures or targeted attacks. We find that the theoretical metrics quantify different aspects of the robustness of metro networks. In particular, the robustness indicator captures the number of alternative paths and the effective graph conductance focuses on the length of each path. Moreover, the high positive correlation between the theoretical m...

  9. CO? emissions limits: economic adjustments and the distribution of burdens

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacoby, Henry D.; Eckaus, Richard S.; Ellerman, A. Denny.; Prinn, Ronald G.; Reiner, David M.; Yang, Zili.

    Policies under consideration within the Climate Convention would impose CO? controls on only a subset of nations. A model of economic growth and emissions, coupled to an analysis of the climate system, is used to explore ...

  10. Opportunities for technological and economic development policy in Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dalquist, Stephanie K. (Stephanie Kay), 1981-

    2005-01-01

    Brazil's transformation from an agriculturally-based colonial economy to an industrial republic spans seven decades - from the 1930s to the present - with three rapid growth phases which were each followed by economic and ...

  11. Innovation districts : economic development, community benefits, and the public realm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davis, Alice Brooks

    2015-01-01

    Innovation Districts are emerging across the country as vehicles for economic development, job creation, urban revitalization, and sustainable growth. As they continue to be developed, there is a need to rethink the role ...

  12. Robust inversion, dimensionality reduction, and randomized sampling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-11-17

    Nov 16, 2011 ... data and yield coherent geological information. Inverse problems .... Our aim is to characterize the benefits of robust inversion and to describe.

  13. Optimization Online - Robust Dual Response Optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aug 8, 2015 ... Abstract: This article presents a robust optimization reformulation of the dual response problem developed in response surface methodology.

  14. Robust carbon monolith having hierarchical porosity

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dai, Sheng; Guiochon, Georges A; Liang, Chengdu

    2014-01-14

    A carbon monolith includes a robust carbon monolith characterized by a skeleton size of at least 100 nm, and a hierarchical pore structure having macropores and mesopores.

  15. Two Variants of Robust Unit Commitment Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-06-13

    [9] L. Zhao and B. Zeng, “Robust unit commitment problem with demand response and wind energy,” in Power and. Energy Society General Meeting, 2012 IEEE.

  16. Optimization Online - Distributionally robust workforce scheduling in ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    May 25, 2011 ... Robust optimization for environmental and energy planning. In Filar, J. and Haurie, A., editors, Handbook on “Uncertainty and Environmental ...

  17. Robust carbon monolith having hierarchical porosity

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dai, Sheng; Guiohon, Georges A; Liang, Chengdu

    2013-02-05

    A carbon monolith includes a robust carbon monolith characterized by a skeleton size of at least 100 nm, and a hierarchical pore structure having macropores and mesopores.

  18. Costs and benefits of robust optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-11-13

    papers [3] by Ben-Tal and Nemirovski provides a stability analysis together with a result concerning costs for robust linear optimization under convex uncertainty.

  19. ECONOMIC IMPACT OF THE CLEANTECH SECTOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ghosh, Joydeep

    ! ECONOMIC IMPACT OF THE CLEANTECH SECTOR In the Austin-Round Rock-San Marcos MSA Prepared by: #12 Manufacturing $2.5 Billion Cleantech contributes $2.5 Billion to Austin's regional GDP. 20,000 Jobs Cleantech directly employs 20,000 people in the Austin MSA. Rapid Growth Employment in cleantech is projected to grow

  20. Web History and Economics Andrew Odlyzko

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Odlyzko, Andrew M.

    Web History and Economics Andrew Odlyzko School of Mathematics University of Minnesota Minneapolis Abstract. In retrospect, the Web appears a very natural development, a byprod- uct of the growth of the information and communication technologies (ICT) sector. Still, the success of the Web was actually attained

  1. Science and technology policies, competitiveness, and economic development : a case study of Taiwan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Su-Hsin, 1973-

    2003-01-01

    The economic growth in Taiwan for the last few decades has been credited as stellar performance. However, what accounts for the growth? Institutions, political regime, geographical locations, or legal origins? This thesis ...

  2. A global perspective on energy markets and economic integration.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baker, Arnold Barry

    2006-04-01

    What will be the effect of Iraqi domestic instability on Iraqi oil production Negotiations for Iranian nuclear technology on Iranian oil supplies Saudi commitment to expanded oil production President Putin's policies on Russian oil and natural gas supplies President Chavez's policies on Venezuelan oil supplies Instability in Nigeria Higher oil prices on world economic growth Effect of economic growth on oil demand in China, India, U.S., etc. Higher oil prices on non-OPEC oil supplies

  3. http://edq.sagepub.com Economic Development Quarterly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saxenian, AnnaLee

    Economic Development Quarterly AnnaLee Saxenian Silicon Valley's New Immigrant High-Growth Entrepreneurs. at CALIFORNIA DIGITAL LIBRARY on September 20, 2007http://edq.sagepub.comDownloaded from #12;ECONOMIChttp://edq.sagepub.com Economic Development Quarterly DOI: 10.1177/0891242402016001003 2002; 16; 20

  4. China, India and the Commodity Boom: Economic and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coxhead, Ian

    China, India and the Commodity Boom: Economic and Environmental Implications for Low of Life Sciences and 2 La Trobe University 1. INTRODUCTION THE emergence of China and India as major and regional economic integration (Tongzon, 2005; Haddad, 2007; Athukorala, 2009). India's rapid growth

  5. ORIGINAL PAPER Economic development, urban expansion, and sustainable

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wei, Yehua Dennis

    ORIGINAL PAPER Economic development, urban expansion, and sustainable development in Shanghai Wenze-Verlag 2012 Abstract Studies of urbanization effects in Chinese cities from the aspect of the coupled urban expansion and examined the dynamic relationship between economic growth and envi- ronment

  6. Energy and Water Scarcity: Impacts on Infrastructure, Growth and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scott, Christopher

    Techno-economic Evaluation Of A Solar Powered Water Desalination Plant. In L. Rizzuti et al. (edsEnergy and Water Scarcity: Impacts on Infrastructure, Growth and Economic Development in Arizona Demand AZ 2030 * Phoenix 2005; **Tucson 2005; 150=smart growth +66% +53% +45% From 2006 base #12;Water

  7. A Java Library Implementation of the Gold-Food Economic Model in Repast and MASON

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    1 A Java Library Implementation of the Gold-Food Economic Model in Repast and MASON Christopher K, 2008 Abstract We present a robust, extensible Java library for agent-based economic simulations et al. [8]. We implement the library on top of both the Repast and MASON agent-based Java toolkits

  8. Robust Methods for Engineering Design Optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dennis, Brian

    · Optimized design is 3% more efficient than usual straight blade #12;6 Optimization of Turbine Stator1 Robust Methods for Engineering Design Optimization Brian Dennis, PhD Research Associate ADVENTURE Project University of Tokyo Outline · Introduction · Robust Algorithms for Design Optimization · Example

  9. A Robust Strategy for Sustainable Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A Robust Strategy for Sustainable Energy ONCE AGAIN THE debate has intensified over whether energy uncertainties.4 Strategies for long-term energy planning must be robust to unpredictable variations Even if the world's oil resources are indeed plentiful, world energy supply remains very much

  10. Software Robustness Testing A Ballista Retrospective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koopman, Philip

    Software Robustness Testing A Ballista Retrospective Phil Koopman koopman@cmu.edu http://ballista & training #12;3 Ballista Software Testing Overview Abstracts testing to the API/Data type level · Most test UNDER TEST ROBUST OPERATION REPRODUCIBLE FAILURE UNREPRODUCIBLE FAILURE #12;4 Ballista: Test Generation

  11. Water Resources Policy & Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buehrer, R. Michael

    Water Resources Policy & Economics FOR 4984 Selected Course Topics · Appropriative and riparian water institutions · Incentives for conservation · Water rights for in-stream environmental use · Surface water-groundwater management · Water quality regulations · Water markets · Economic and policy

  12. Economic Assessment Environmental impact

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    - ". Economic Assessment Environmental impact Statement NESHAPS for Radionuclides Background Economic Assessment Environmental Impact Statement for NESHAPS Radionuclides VOLUME 3 BACKGROUND Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAPs) for Radionuclides. An Environmental Impact Statement (EIS

  13. Hierarchical Network Structure Promotes Dynamical Robustness

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cameron Smith; Raymond S. Puzio; Aviv Bergman

    2015-06-16

    The relationship between network topology and system dynamics has significant implications for unifying our understanding of the interplay among metabolic, gene-regulatory, and ecosystem network architecures. Here we analyze the stability and robustness of a large class of dynamics on such networks. We determine the probability distribution of robustness as a function of network topology and show that robustness is classified by the number of links between modules of the network. We also demonstrate that permutation of these modules is a fundamental symmetry of dynamical robustness. Analysis of these findings leads to the conclusion that the most robust systems have the most hierarchical structure. This relationship provides a means by which evolutionary selection for a purely dynamical phenomenon may shape network architectures across scales of the biological hierarchy.

  14. Essays in labor economics and the economics of education

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Jaime Lynn

    2010-01-01

    Quarterly Journal of Economics. Kane, Thomas J. and CeciliaEducational Aspirations. ” Economics of Education Review,Educational Attainment. ” Economics of Education Review, 19:

  15. Linking Economic Complexity, Institutions and Income Inequality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hartmann, D; Jara-Figueroa, C; Aristarán, M; Hidalgo, C A

    2015-01-01

    The mix of products that a country exports predicts that country's subsequent pattern of diversification and economic growth. But does this product mix also predict income inequality? Here we combine methods from econometrics, network science, and economic complexity to show that countries that export complex products - products that are exported by a few diversified countries - have lower levels of income inequality - at comparable levels of GDP per capita and education - than countries exporting simpler products. Using multivariate analysis we show that the connection between income inequality and economic complexity is stronger than what can be explained using aggregate measures of income, institutions, export concentration, and human capital, and also, that increases in economic complexity are accompanied by decreases in income inequality over long periods of time. Finally, we use the position of a country in the network of related products - or product space - to explain how changes in a country's export...

  16. Essays in Energy Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MYERS, ERICA CATHERINE

    2014-01-01

    to wholesale electricity prices in Germany. We focus on theWholesale Electricity Prices in Germany,” Economics Letters,

  17. in Economics and Finance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Torre, Leon

    Master's in Economics and Finance ­ #12;2 3 "A research-centred institution with a personal REASONS TO STUDY The Master's in Economics and Finance programme targets students wishing to obtain a comprehensive and rigorous education in Economics and Finance. It emphasizes the complementary nature

  18. WORKING PAPER Resource Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WORKING PAPER 2008-07 REPA Resource Economics & Policy Analysis Research Group Department of Economics University of Victoria Forest-mill integration: a transaction costs perspective Kurt Niquidet, Moeltne, and Johnson) 2003-06 ­ Climate Change and Forest Ecosystem Sinks: Economic Analysis (van Kooten

  19. Robust correlations between prices and labour values

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cockshott, P.; Cottrell, A.; Cambridge Journal of Economics 2005, vol 29, 309â??316 Oxford University Press [More Details

    Cockshott,P. Cottrell,A. Cambridge Journal of Economics 2005, vol 29, 309â??316 Oxford University Press

  20. Three Essays on Financial Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qu, Haonan

    2011-01-01

    Journal of Financial Economics, February 2003, 67 (2), 217–Journal of Financial Economics, March 2008, 87 (3), 706–739.International Finance and Economics, 2008. Schiozer, Rafael

  1. Essays in Economics and Institutions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schihl, Michael Kristjian

    2010-01-01

    to (the New) Institutional Economics . . . . .3.4.2Governance. Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization, 7:Journal of Development Economics, 77(2):341–366, August

  2. Essays on monetary economics and financial economics 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Sok Won

    2009-06-02

    In this dissertation three different economic issues have been analyzed. The first issue is whether monetary policy rules can improve forecasting accuracy of inflation. The second is whether the preference of a central bank is symmetry or not...

  3. At its core, economics is the study of reasoned choice in the context of scarce resources and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dawson, Jeff W.

    and understand social phenomena. The focus of an education in economics is on individual intellectual growth in engineering who wish to learn the aspects of economics that are most relevant to their major. Honours programsEconomics #12;At its core, economics is the study of reasoned choice in the context of scarce

  4. Direct Entry Accounting and Economics School of Business and Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickman, Mark

    Direct Entry ­ Accounting and Economics School of Business and Economics Accounting Students who.acis.canterbury.ac.nz #12;Direct Entry ­ Accounting and Economics School of Business and Economics Economics In order to obtain direct entry to 200 level economics (ECON 206 and ECON 207/208) in their first year of university

  5. Economic Development | ornl.gov

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Economic Development Carbon Fiber Cluster Strategy Additive Manufacturing Cluster Strategy Entrepreneurial Development Programs Oak Ridge Science and Technology Park Economic...

  6. Robust execution for stochastic hybrid systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blackmore, Lars James Christopher

    2007-01-01

    Unmanned systems, such as Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (AUVs), planetary rovers and space probes, have enormous potential in areas such as reconnaissance and space exploration. However the effectiveness and robustness ...

  7. Robust adaptive control of switched systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    El-Rifai, Khalid, 1979-

    2007-01-01

    In this thesis, robust adaptive controllers are developed for classes of switched nonlinear systems. Switched systems are those governed by differential equations, which undergo vector field switching due to sudden changes ...

  8. Theory and Applications of Robust Optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertsimas, Dimitris J.

    In this paper we survey the primary research, both theoretical and applied, in the area of robust optimization (RO). Our focus is on the computational attractiveness of RO approaches, as well as the modeling power and broad ...

  9. The recoverable robust tail assignment problem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-12-17

    the benefits of simultaneously solving planning and recovery problems in the RRTAP ...... In future work, we aim to extend the recoverable robustness technique for airline problems. .... North-Holland Publishing Company, Amsterdam, 1981.

  10. Gaussian Quadrature for computer aided robust design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reber, Geoffrey Scott, 1979-

    2004-01-01

    Computer aided design has allowed many design decisions to be made before hardware is built through "virtual" prototypes: computer simulations of an engineering design. To produce robust systems noise factors must also be ...

  11. NET ECONOMIC VALUES OF RECREATIONISTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #12;NET ECONOMIC VALUES OF RECREATIONISTS FOR OUTDOOR EXPERIENCES IN THE FRASER RIVER BASIN Crane of Economic Values 2.1 Water Resource Economic Values 2.2 Net Economic Values of Recreationists 2.3 Estimating Net Economic Value 2.4 Estimation Problems Review of Net Economic Value Estimates 3.1 Summary

  12. ECONOMIC IMPACT REPORT | JUNE 2010 the power and promise of ucsf

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Gail

    ECONOMIC IMPACT REPORT | JUNE 2010 the power and promise of ucsf #12;#12;University of California Colleagues and Friends: We are pleased to present this Economic Impact Report, which documents from FY 2008-09, the report reflects the direct and indirect economic growth generated by UCSF's $3

  13. SWAMC Economic Summit

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The 27th Annual Southwest Alaska Economic Summit and Business Meeting is a three-day conference covering energy efficiency planning, information on Alaska programs, and more.

  14. Essays on Environmental Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tang, Qu

    2015-01-01

    Keohane. "Market effects of environmental regulation: coal,utility." Journal of Environmental Economics and ManagementEconomy of Market-Based Environmental Policy: the US Acid

  15. Robust, High-Throughput Analysis of Protein Structures

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Robust, High-Throughput Analysis of Protein Structures Robust, High-Throughput Analysis of Protein Structures Print Wednesday, 28 October 2009 00:00 Scientists have developed a...

  16. Super-Sensitive and Robust Biosensors from Supported Polymer...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Super-Sensitive and Robust Biosensors from Supported Polymer Bilayers Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Super-Sensitive and Robust Biosensors from Supported Polymer...

  17. Economics (College of Arts and Sciences) The economics major focuses on economics as a social science.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miles, Will

    Economics (College of Arts and Sciences) The economics major focuses on economics as a social in the world? What types of political regimes best promote economic development? Are resource-rich developing countries cursed? Are drug cartels economically sound? Can humans work towards a better economic basis

  18. Percolation model for growth rates of aggregates and its application for business firm growth Dongfeng Fu,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buldyrev, Sergey

    Percolation model for growth rates of aggregates and its application for business firm growth of business firm growth, we develop a dynamic percolation model which captures some of the features of the economical system--i.e., merging and splitting of business firms-- represented as aggregates on a d

  19. Wind Economic Development (Postcard)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2011-08-01

    The U.S. Department of Energy's Wind Powering America initiative provides information on the economic development benefits of wind energy. This postcard is a marketing piece that stakeholders can provide to interested parties; it will guide them to the economic development benefits section on the Wind Powering America website.

  20. Economic Evaluation of Radiopharmaceutical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to industry needs and appointed a subcommittee of Manufacturers of Radioactive Reference Standards Radiation Division Physics Laboratory National Institute of Standards and Technology #12;Economic Evaluation of Standards and Technology by Albert N. Link Professor of Economics University of North Carolina at Greensboro

  1. Richard C. Ready Department of Agricultural Economics and Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    Richard C. Ready Department of Agricultural Economics and Economics Montana State University, University of Wisconsin, Madison: Agricultural Economics Major Field: Environmental and Resource Economics 2. M.A. - 1985, University of Wisconsin, Madison: Agricultural Economics 3. B.S - 1981, Cornell

  2. For additional information, contact: Department of Agricultural Economics & Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barge, Marcy

    For additional information, contact: Department of Agricultural Economics & Economics Montana State.montana.edu/econ agecon@montana.edu 1 2 AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS & ECONOMICS KELLY GORHAM 1 Austin Owens traveled to Greece as mentors for students in Economics 101 4 Chris Stoddard was the recipient of a MSU Cox Family Faculty

  3. Economics Faculty Advising Do you have economics industry specific questions?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    Economics Faculty Advising Do you have economics industry specific questions? Are you planning to attend graduate school for economics and want more information? Are you looking to build a relationship with an economics faculty member? Below are the Economics Faculty Advisors for Spring 2015 semester. The advisor

  4. Discriminating robust and non-robust atmospheric circulation responses to global warming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Discriminating robust and non-robust atmospheric circulation responses to global warming Michael response to global warming in a set of atmospheric general circulation models (AGCMs) is investigated. The global-warmed climate is forced by a global pattern of warmed ocean surface temperatures

  5. JOURNAL OF LATEX CLASS FILES 1 Robust Logistic Regression

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hero, Alfred O.

    JOURNAL OF LATEX CLASS FILES 1 Robust Logistic Regression with Bounded Data Uncertainties Patrick L a formulation of robust logistic regression under bounded data uncertainties. The robust estimates are obtained compare the results of 1-Logistic Regression against 1-Robust Logistic Regression on a real gene

  6. TENNESSEE BUSINESS AND ECONOMIC OUTLOOK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grissino-Mayer, Henri D.

    TENNESSEE BUSINESS AND ECONOMIC OUTLOOK THE STATE'S ECONOMIC OUTLOOK SPRING 2015 #12;Matthew N Knoxville, Tennessee TENNESSEE BUSINESS AND ECONOMIC OUTLOOK THE STATE'S ECONOMIC OUTLOOK SPRING 2015 #12;ii | SPRING 2015 TENNESSEE BUSINESS AND ECONOMIC OUTLOOK The preparation of this report was financed in part

  7. Three Essays on Development Economics and Behavioral Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Song, Changcheng

    2012-01-01

    Quarterly Journal of Economics, 112 (2), 407-441. Crawford,Quarterly Journal of Economics, 116(4), 1233-1260. Gul,Quarterly Journal of Economics, 112 (2), 407-441. Carlin, B.

  8. Economics, producer politics will shape oil markets through 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-10-25

    Two main forces will shape the oil market during the next 3 years. The pace of worldwide economic growth will determine demand growth. Although energy use efficiency has improved, especially in the industrialized world, demand for energy and oil products remains chiefly a function of economic activity. And producing nation politics will have much to say about supply. A crucial and unpredictable variable is when Iraq, now subject to a United Nations trade embargo, resumes exports at significant rates. Demand growth will exceed production increases outside the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries, which means an ever-increasing role for the exporters' group. The paper discusses the demand outlook, economic projections, energy intensity, regional energy mixes, world energy mix, petroleum demand, petroleum product demand, supply questions, non-OPEC production, reserves and output capacity, production gains, industry operations (drilling, stocks, refining), prices, price forecasts, and the role of taxes.

  9. Economics 480: Economic Institutions and Economic Performance in a Global Context Montana State University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    1 Economics 480: Economic Institutions and Economic Performance in a Global Context Montana State University Spring 2009 Rob Fleck Andy Hanssen Property Rights, Economic Performance, and the Origins of Democracy: Lessons from Ancient Greece Instructors: Rob Fleck and Andy Hanssen (professors of economics

  10. Three essays on behavioral economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meng, Juanjuan

    2010-01-01

    Quarterly Journal of Economics, 112(2): 407-441. Crawford,Quarterly Journal of Economics, 121(4): 1133-1165. K?szegi,Models" The Review of Economics and Statistics, 79(4): 551-

  11. Essays in Empirical Development Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ozier, Owen Whitfield

    2010-01-01

    story,” Journal of Development Economics, 91(1), 128–139.Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, 58(4), 450–474.to Learn,” Review of Economics and Statistics, 91(3), 437–

  12. Three Essays on Development Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nakagawa, Hideyuki

    2013-01-01

    Journal of Public Economics 89(4): 705-727. Gertler, P andJournal of Labour Economics , Vol. 17, No. 2, April, 2010Smoothing”, Journal of Economics Perspectives , 9(3), 103-

  13. Three essays in labor economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Liang Choon

    2010-01-01

    Quarterly Journal of Economics, vol. 123 (3), pp. 1111-1159.Kibbutz,” Journal of Public Economics, vol. 93, pp. 498-511.Quarterly Journal of Economics, vol. 106(40), pp. 979-

  14. Essays in Behavioral Health Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montoy, Juan Carlos Cantu

    2012-01-01

    The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 121(3): 1063–1102, 2006.Quarterly Journal of Economics, 116(1): 55–79, 2001. D.Quarterly Journal of Economics, 116(4): 1149–87, 2001. G.

  15. Essays in environmental economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deryugina, Tatyana

    2012-01-01

    This thesis examines various aspects of environmental economics. The first chapter estimates how individuals' beliefs about climate change are affected by local weather fluctuations. Climate change is a one-time uncertain ...

  16. Essays in financial economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edmans, Alex

    2007-01-01

    This thesis consists of three essays in financial economics. Chapter 1 is entitled "Inside Debt." Existing theories advocate the use of cash and equity in executive compensation. However, recent empirical studies have ...

  17. Essays on development economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruthbah, Ummul Hasanath

    2007-01-01

    This dissertation is a collection of three independent papers in empirical development economics. The first chapter studies the effect of a family planning program in Bangladesh, which successfully reduced fertility, on ...

  18. Ethics of economic sanctions 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellis, Elizabeth Anne

    2013-07-02

    The ethics of economic sanctions is an issue that has been curiously neglected by philosophers and political theorists. Only a handful of philosophical journal articles and book chapters have ever been published on the ...

  19. Essays in financial economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ru, Hong, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2015-01-01

    This thesis considers three empirical essays on financial economics. The first chapter examines the effect of government credit on firm investment, employment, debt, profitability, and survival by using unique data from ...

  20. SWAMC Economic Summit

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Hosted by the Southwest Alaska Municipal Conference (SWAMC), the 27th Annual Southwest Alaska Economic Summit and Business Meeting is a three-day conference covering energy efficiency planning,...

  1. Essays on financial economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vargas Mendoza, Alberto

    2012-01-01

    This thesis consists of three independent essays on Financial Economics. In chapter one I investigate the possible mispricing of European-style options in the Mexican Stock Exchange. The source of this problem is that when ...

  2. Robust Optimization for Strategic Energy Stefano Moret

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bierlaire, Michel

    replacing fossil technologies with renewables and more ecient alternatives [9]. 1.1 Motivation. LongRobust Optimization for Strategic Energy Planning Stefano Moret Michel Bierlaire Francois-or.epfl.ch Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL), Industrial Process and Energy Systems Engineering Group

  3. Exploiting Redundancy for Robust Sensing CMUCS05166

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Exploiting Redundancy for Robust Sensing Suman Nath CMU­CS­05­166 August 2005 School of Computer (e.g., energy, storage). Unfortunately, these traditional tradeo#s are not well suited to resource. We argue that this approach is well suited to sensing systems since optimizing resource usage is one

  4. ROBUST ESTIMATION VIA GENERALIZED L-STATISTICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Serfling, Robert

    CHAPTER 1 ROBUST ESTIMATION VIA GENERALIZED L-STATISTICS: THEORY, APPLICATIONS, AND PERSPECTIVES ROBERT SERFLING University of Texas at Dallas Abstract: Generalized L-statistics, introduced in Ser ing (1984) and including classical U-statistics and L-statistics, are linear functions based on the ordered

  5. Stochastic-Based Robust Dynamic Resource Allocation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maciejewski, Anthony A.

    Stochastic-Based Robust Dynamic Resource Allocation in a Heterogeneous Computing System Jay Smith--This research investigates the problem of ro- bust dynamic resource allocation for heterogeneous dis- tributed computing systems operating under imposed con- straints. Often, such systems are expected to function

  6. Pseudomonas fluorescens -A robust manufacturing platform

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lebendiker, Mario

    Pseudomonas fluorescens -A robust manufacturing platform Reprinted from July/August 2004 Speciality at efficient- ly transporting single chain antibodies and other mammalian-derived proteins. In addition production. Dowpharma, a contract manufacturing services unit of Dow Chemical, has developed a manufacturing

  7. Robust Speech Recognition Under Noisy Ambient

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    6.4.2 Robust Feature Selection and Extraction Methods .................................... 145 6 ..................................................................................................................... 156 ABSTRACT Automatic speech recognition is critical in natural human-centric interfaces for ambient, and a number of commercial speech recognition products (from Nuance, IBM, Microsoft, Nokia, etc

  8. ROBUST PRODUCTION MANAGEMENT Abstract The problem of ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-28

    To our knowledge, a robust approach for the electricity production .... In this article, we use flexible EJP contracts convexifying the constraints, in such a .... In what follows, we assume that the hydroelectric network is made up of a set of ...... Daily generation scheduling with transmission constraints: A new class of algorithms.

  9. Robustness Analysis of Synchrosqueezed Transforms Haizhao Yang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ying, Lexing

    with better accuracy and robustness. A software package together with several heavily noisy examples signals with non-linear and non-stationary wave-like patterns are ubiquitous in science and engineering, e, Nkk(x) is the instantaneous frequency (or Nk k(x) as the local wave vector), T(x) is a smooth trend

  10. Robustness of Sequential Circuits Laurent Doyen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doyen, Laurent

    , such as the flight controllers, it is essential to design systems that guarantee robust behavior even when the input components play a central role in the design of complex embedded systems. These components are interconnected.g., digital controllers with switching behavior), we need a flexible framework that ac- commodates this fact

  11. COMPARISON OF UNCERTAINTY PARAMETERISATIONS FOR H ROBUST

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    COMPARISON OF UNCERTAINTY PARAMETERISATIONS FOR H ROBUST CONTROL OF TURBOCHARGED DIESEL ENGINES arose during the model validation for a turbocharged diesel engine (cf. Sections 2 and 3). Mismatches PROBLEM The plant to be controlled is a turbocharged pas- senger car diesel engine equipped with exhaust

  12. Renewable Energy Economic Potential

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The report describes a geospatial analysis method to estimate the economic potential of several renewable resources available for electricity generation in the United States. Economic potential, one measure of renewable generation potential, is defined in this report as the subset of the available resource technical potential where the cost required to generate the electricity (which determines the minimum revenue requirements for development of the resource) is below the revenue available in terms of displaced energy and displaced capacity.

  13. NATURE PHYSICS | VOL 8 | NOVEMBER 2012 | www.nature.com/naturephysics 775 Pattern of growth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loss, Daniel

    , for example) that would consume very little energy, and thereby uncouple economic growth from energy growth to growth, pointing out that growth in energy use has held steady at around 2% yearly over the past three to thermodynamics alone. Talk all you want of future improvements in energy efficiency, but the energy we use always

  14. Green Growth and the Efficient Use of Natural Resources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reilly, John

    2012-06-14

    The relatively new concept of "green growth" can be fruitfully connected to concepts and theories in neoclassical economics including market externalities, Ricardian and Hotelling rents, and policies that would correct ...

  15. CULTURE, ECONOMIC STRUCTURE, AND THE DYNAMICS OF ECOLOGICAL ECONOMIC SYSTEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fournier, John J.F.

    CULTURE, ECONOMIC STRUCTURE, AND THE DYNAMICS OF ECOLOGICAL ECONOMIC SYSTEMS By John M. Anderies B are developed and analyzed in an attempt to better un- derstand the interaction of culture, economic structure, and the dynamics of human ecological economic systems. Speci cally, how does the ability of humans to change

  16. Robustness in sparse linear models: relative efficiency based on robust approximate message passing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bradic, J; Chen, J

    2015-01-01

    breakdown-point and high efficiency robust estimates forthe clear benefits of efficient loss functions. When thethe P-LAD method is less efficient than the P-LS method for

  17. Fighting dephasing noise with robust optimal control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Young, Kevin C; Whaley, K Birgitta

    2010-01-01

    We address the experimentally relevant problem of robust mitigation of dephasing noise acting on a qubit. We first present an extension of a method for representing $1/\\omega^{\\alpha}$ noise developed by Kuopanportti et al. to the efficient representation of arbitrary Markovian noise. We then add qubit control pulses to enable the design of numerically optimized, two-dimensional control functions with bounded amplitude, that are capable of decoupling the qubit from the dephasing effects of a broad variety of Markovian noise spectral densities during arbitrary one qubit quantum operations. We illustrate the method with development of numerically optimized control pulse sequences that minimize decoherence due to a combination of $1/\\omega$ and constant offset noise sources. Comparison with the performance of standard dynamical decoupling protocols shows that the numerically optimized pulse sequences are considerably more robust with respect to the noise offset, rendering them attractive for application to situa...

  18. BAYESIANSTATISTICS in Health Economics and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oakley, Jeremy

    aprimeron BAYESIANSTATISTICS in Health Economics and Outcomes Research BS EHC Centre for Bayesian Statistics in Health Economics BAYESIAN INITIATIVE IN HEALTH ECONOMICS & OUTCOMES RESEARCH #12;APrimeronBayesianStatisticsLuceO'Hagan #12;aprimeron BAYESIANSTATISTICS in Health Economics and Outcomes Research Bayesian Initiative

  19. Department of Economics Financial Aid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Haiying

    Department of Economics Financial Aid: Availability and Requirements in the Department of Economics The Department of Economics has several sources of financial aid for domestic and international students Assistantships in the Department of Economics The predominant form of financial aid is the graduate research

  20. Does the European Marriage Pattern Explain Economic Growth?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dennison, Tracy; Ogilvie, Sheilagh

    2014-08-29

    of aggregation, with only 11 percent of observations at the level of entire countries, 26 percent at the level of regions (provinces, administrative districts, feudal estates, clusters of settlements for which archival sources survive), and 53 percent... Regional studies cannot always be clearly distinguished from community studies: for instance, when an entire administrative district or feudal estate contained only a few hundred inhabitants scattered in small hamlets, each with only a few households...

  1. Economic Growth in Urban Regions: Implications for Future Transportation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cervero, Robert

    2006-01-01

    to pursue a program of sustainable mobility, urbanism, andthe Challenges to Sustainable Mobility”, the World Business

  2. Economic Growth in Urban Regions: Implications for Future Transportation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cervero, Robert

    2006-01-01

    pricing and annual road tax (pegged to engine size). Twocarbon taxes; congestion tolls and variable road pricing).taxes and parking surcharges; and (c) Externality fees: congestion tolls through electronic road

  3. Economic Growth in Urban Regions: Implications for Future Transportation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cervero, Robert

    2006-01-01

    diesels) and “sustainable urbanism” (e.g. , TOD). To bringto embrace sustainable transport and urbanism can be thea program of sustainable mobility, urbanism, and finance. 2.

  4. The Relationship between Economic Growth and Environmental Degradation: Exploring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blais, Brian

    and Questioning the Existence of an Environmental Kuznets Curve Advisor Brian Blais, PhD Professor of Science Kuznets Curve Turning Point Environmental Degradation Environmental Improvement Real GDP per capita://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2346173 Figure 1 in Paper #12;Literature · Kuznets curve first developed

  5. THE COUPLING OF OPTIMAL ECONOMIC GROWTH AND CLIMATE DYNAMICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, Neil

    policy. The archetypal models having this structure are the DICE family of models (Nordhaus, 1993 on future implementations of these approaches in the context of "collaborative" or "commu- nity" integrated

  6. Fact #742: August 27, 2012 Oil Price and Economic Growth

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Major oil price shocks have disrupted world energy markets five times in the past 30 years (1973-74, 1979-80, 1990-91, 1999-2000, and 2008). Most of the oil price shocks were followed by an...

  7. Florida Atlantic University DISCOVERY...SPURRING ECONOMIC GROWTH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    acres at the north end of FAU's Boca Ratoncampusandon14acresinDeerfieldBeach. The research park technology companies across multiple industries. Research FAU brings in millions of dollars in research biotechnology. Resources for Business and Industry Business and industry are an integral part of the FAU

  8. Faster plant growth in a safe, economical way

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation Current HABFES OctoberEvan Racah861 ANNUAL|FacilityAboutHeat &

  9. Cart or Horse: Transport and Economic Growth | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmentalBowerbank,Cammack Village, Arkansas:FundMichigan: Energy ResourcesCarson,

  10. Before the Subcommittee on Economic Growth, Job Creation and Regulatory

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n c i p a l De p uBUSEnergy CyberDepartment ofAffairs - House Committee on

  11. Robust design using sequential computer experiments 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gupta, Abhishek

    2004-09-30

    step for robust design is to classify the input factors as controllable factors or design variables, xc, and noise factors or environmental variables, xe. We suppose the domain of y is ? which is a fixed subset of d and ?ec x . The process... follows the style and format of ASME Journal of Manufacturing Science and Engineering. 2 • PWB thickness & material properties • Component properties • Interconnect geometry Bending von Mises stress of critical solder joints INPUTS: x...

  12. Economical wind protection - underground

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kiesling, E.W.

    1980-01-01

    Earth-sheltered buildings inherently posess near-absolute occupant protection from severe winds. They should sustain no structural damage and only minimal facial damage. Assuming that the lower-hazard risk attendant to this type of construction results in reduced insurance-premium rates, the owner accrues economic benefits from the time of construction. Improvements to aboveground buildings, in contrast, may not yield early economic benefits in spite of a favorable benefit-to-cost ratio. This, in addition to sensitivity to initial costs, traditionalism in residential construction, and lack of professional input to design, impede the widespread use of underground improvements and the subsequent economic losses from severe winds. Going underground could reverse the trend. 7 references.

  13. EFFICIENT UNCERTAINTY ANALYSIS METHODS FOR MULTIDISCIPLINARY ROBUST DESIGN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Wei

    EFFICIENT UNCERTAINTY ANALYSIS METHODS FOR MULTIDISCIPLINARY ROBUST DESIGN Xiaoping Du* and Wei robust design procedure that utilizes efficient methods for uncertainty analysis is developed. Different techniques used for uncertainty analysis will significantly reduce the amount of design evaluations

  14. Robust Learning from Bites for Data Mining Andreas Christmann

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robust Learning from Bites for Data Mining Andreas Christmann Vrije Universiteit Brussel minimization, data mining, distributed computing, influence function, logistic regression, robustness management, respectively. Other examples are large observational data sets in data mining projects and data

  15. State Regulatory Framework Will Most Likely Result in Robust...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    State Regulatory Framework Will Most Likely Result in Robust CO2 Pipeline System, New Study Says State Regulatory Framework Will Most Likely Result in Robust CO2 Pipeline System,...

  16. Robustness Analysis of Genetic Programming Controllers for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Thomas

    Robustness Analysis of Genetic Programming Controllers for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles Gregory J to operate the vehicle safely. We have evolved navigation controllers for unmanned aerial vehicles programming, robustness, trans- ference, unmanned aerial vehicles Gregory J. Barlow is also affiliated

  17. Unconventional gas outlook: resources, economics, and technologies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Drazga, B.

    2006-08-15

    The report explains the current and potential of the unconventional gas market including country profiles, major project case studies, and new technology research. It identifies the major players in the market and reports their current and forecasted projects, as well as current volume and anticipated output for specific projects. Contents are: Overview of unconventional gas; Global natural gas market; Drivers of unconventional gas sources; Forecast; Types of unconventional gas; Major producing regions Overall market trends; Production technology research; Economics of unconventional gas production; Barriers and challenges; Key regions: Australia, Canada, China, Russia, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States; Major Projects; Industry Initiatives; Major players. Uneconomic or marginally economic resources such as tight (low permeability) sandstones, shale gas, and coalbed methane are considered unconventional. However, due to continued research and favorable gas prices, many previously uneconomic or marginally economic gas resources are now economically viable, and may not be considered unconventional by some companies. Unconventional gas resources are geologically distinct in that conventional gas resources are buoyancy-driven deposits, occurring as discrete accumulations in structural or stratigraphic traps, whereas unconventional gas resources are generally not buoyancy-driven deposits. The unconventional natural gas category (CAM, gas shales, tight sands, and landfill) is expected to continue at double-digit growth levels in the near term. Until 2008, demand for unconventional natural gas is likely to increase at an AAR corresponding to 10.7% from 2003, aided by prioritized research and development efforts. 1 app.

  18. Effects of the Uncertainty about Global Economic Recovery on Energy Transition and CO2 Price

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Durand-Lasserve, Olivier

    This paper examines the impact that uncertainty over economic growth may have on global energy transition and CO2 prices. We use a general-equilibrium model derived from MERGE, and define several stochastic scenarios for ...

  19. Assessing environmental benefits and economic costs of aviation environmental policy measures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahashabde, Anuja (Anuja Anil)

    2009-01-01

    Despite the recent global economic downturn, longer term growth is anticipated for aviation with an increasing environmental impact, specifically in the areas of noise, air quality, and climate change. To ensure sustainable ...

  20. Three Essays on the Relationship between Economic Development and Environmental Quality 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pancharatnam, Padmaja

    2014-05-30

    This thesis is concerned with examining the relationship between indicators of economic growth and environmental quality. During this process, the analysis explores and attempts to interlink the following theoretical and ...

  1. AN ECOLOGICAL ECONOMICS APPROACH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bateman, Ian J.

    (0)1603 593743, Fax.: 0044(0)1603 593739 Acknowledgements The support of the Economic and Social Research Council, as well as from hydrological perturbation, pollution and pollution-related effects (Turner, 1991 involving some direct utilisation of one or more wetland characteristics. Wetland ecosystem processes also

  2. Economics of Irrigation Systems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amosson, Stephen H.; New, Leon; Almas, Lal; Bretz, Fran; Marek, Thomas

    2002-01-11

    ) on peanuts. Background photo: mid-elevation spray application (MESA) center pivot, single head. Opposite page: Subsurface drip irrigation system diagram. Back cover inset: Low energy precision application (LEPA) center pivot on peanut. Economics of Irrigation...) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2 Mid-elevation spray application (MESA) center pivot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3 Low elevation spray application (LESA) center pivot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3 Low energy precision...

  3. Opportunity and Economic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Northern British Columbia, University of

    of projects related to wood pellet emissions, operations, economics, and applications. The facility would to conduct research on wood and resource management issues. Immediate research priorities will include a host research partnerships, and be an architectural prototype for natural materials, innovative wood products

  4. ECONOMIC IMPACT THE DOLLARS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hayden, Nancy J.

    ECONOMIC IMPACT THE DOLLARS $438,725,000 in direct annual Universi- ty-related spending in Vermont. $1,009,000,000 in direct and indirect impact on the Vermont economy. $390,725,000 in compensation-related expenditures within the Vermont economy. $1,600,000,000 in annual earnings of 31,400 alumni living in Vermont

  5. Renewable Energy Economic Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Renewable Energy Economic Development Dick Sheehy & Nate Monosoff, CH2M HILL March, 2010 #12;Contents 1. Who is CH2M HILL? 2. Why Do We Need Renewables? 3. Where Is The Wind Blowing? 4. Where Is The Sun Shining? 5. How To Catch Some Rays? 6. Renewable Related 2 Proprietary & Confidential #12;Where

  6. LIBRA: a MATLAB Library for Robust Analysis List of Functions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LIBRA: a MATLAB Library for Robust Analysis List of Functions October 31, 2011 This document contains the list of functions that are currently available in the `MATLAB Library for Robust Analysis and quadratic discriminant analysis 22-04-2004 (classification of low-dimensional data) classifskew Robust

  7. Robust Subspace System Identification via Weighted Nuclear Norm Optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seshia, Sanjit A.

    Robust Subspace System Identification via Weighted Nuclear Norm Optimization Dorsa Sadigh Henrik via the nuclear norm relaxation. Inspired by robust PCA, we extend this framework to handle outliers, outliers, nuclear norm, sparsity, robust PCA. 1. INTRODUCTION Subspace system identification is a well

  8. Robust Utility Maximization with Limited Downside Risk in Incomplete Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weber, Stefan

    Robust Utility Maximization with Limited Downside Risk in Incomplete Markets Anne Gundel Humboldt) in an incomplete market. Downside risk is constrained by a robust version of utility-based shortfall risk. We-dimensional analogue of f-divergences which generalize the notion of relative entropy. Key words: Robust utility

  9. Algorithms for Determining Network Robustness Heath J. LeBlanc

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koutsoukos, Xenofon D.

    Algorithms for Determining Network Robustness Heath J. LeBlanc Department of Electrical & Computer.koutsoukos@vanderbilt.edu ABSTRACT In this paper, we study algorithms for determining the robustness of a network. Network robustness algorithms that use purely local strategies are able to succeed in the presence of adversary nodes. Therefore

  10. Robust Combiner for Obfuscators Amir Herzberg and Haya Shulman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    , mo- bile agents, grid computing, and others. In white-box security the software is at full control and are not proven to be secure. One technique to enhance security is robust combiners. An algorithm C is a robust security is established. In addition, robust combiners for software hardening are interesting from soft

  11. MULTIVARIATE REGRESSION S-ESTIMATORS FOR ROBUST ESTIMATION AND INFERENCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van Aelst, Stefan

    1 MULTIVARIATE REGRESSION S-ESTIMATORS FOR ROBUST ESTIMATION AND INFERENCE Stefan Van Aelst-estimators for multivariate regression. We study the robustness of the estimators in terms of their breakdown point and in and multivariate location and scatter. Furthermore we develop a fast and robust bootstrap method

  12. An alternative robustness measure with applications 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kellison, Floyd Wesley

    1990-01-01

    measures differ by as much as a factor of 5. 7. 27 Table II. Robustness Measures For Various (Ly Ls) Pairs p(z) z gg censored at Lr Lg g(z) = z: censored at L, Lr 1. 000 . 5465 1. 100 . 5441 1. 200 . 5431 1. 300 . 5432 1. 400 . 5439 1. 500... corresponding to this distribution. In particular, a popular distribution-free estimator which draws inspiration from laws of large numbers is obtained by choosing g(z) = z for sll z E B. However, the performance of this estimator can depend on the underlying...

  13. Sensitivity approximation for robust stability and tracking 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McLean, Chris Steven

    1984-01-01

    ) Norman W. Na gle (Member) Don R. Halverson (Member) William B. Jones (Head of Department) May 1984 1n Abstract Sensitivity Approximation for Robust Stability and Tracking. (May 1984) Chris Steven McLean, B. S, , Louisiana Tech University... indispensable to the completion of this thesis. I would like to thank Dr. S. P. Bhattacharyya for introducing me to the wonders of automatic control. I also would like to thank Dr. D. R. Halverson and Dr. N. W. Naugle for serving on my committee, Dr. John...

  14. Rapid and robust spin state amplification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tom Close; Femi Fadugba; Simon C. Benjamin; Joseph Fitzsimons; Brendon W. Lovett

    2011-05-24

    Electron and nuclear spins have been employed in many of the early demonstrations of quantum technology (QT). However applications in real world QT are limited by the difficulty of measuring single spins. Here we show that it is possible to rapidly and robustly amplify a spin state using a lattice of ancillary spins. The model we employ corresponds to an extremely simple experimental system: a homogenous Ising-coupled spin lattice in one, two or three dimensions, driven by a continuous microwave field. We establish that the process can operate at finite temperature (imperfect initial polarisation) and under the effects of various forms of decoherence.

  15. New Robust References! | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavyAgency (IRENA)Options Jump to: navigation, search Name:New Robust

  16. Confidence from uncertainty - A multi-target drug screening method from robust control theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luni, Camilla; Shoemaker, Jason E; Sanft, Kevin R; Petzold, Linda R; Doyle, Francis J

    2010-01-01

    method from robust control theory. BMC Systems Biology 2010method from robust control theory Camilla Luni 1 , Jason Eof a method from robust control theory, Structured Singular

  17. Escherichia coli offers a means for the rapid and economical production of recombinant proteins. These advantages,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lebendiker, Mario

    of such economically sensitive products as insulin and bovine growth hormone. Although significant progress has been195 Escherichia coli offers a means for the rapid and economical production of recombinant proteins Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305-5025, USA; e-mail: swartz@chemeng.stanford.edu Current

  18. Fighting dephasing noise with robust optimal control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kevin C. Young; Dylan J Gorman; K. Birgitta Whaley

    2010-05-28

    We address the experimentally relevant problem of robust mitigation of dephasing noise acting on a qubit. We first present an extension of a method for representing $1/\\omega^{\\alpha}$ noise developed by Kuopanportti et al. to the efficient representation of arbitrary Markovian noise. We then add qubit control pulses to enable the design of numerically optimized, two-dimensional control functions with bounded amplitude, that are capable of decoupling the qubit from the dephasing effects of a broad variety of Markovian noise spectral densities during arbitrary one qubit quantum operations. We illustrate the method with development of numerically optimized control pulse sequences that minimize decoherence due to a combination of $1/\\omega$ and constant offset noise sources. Comparison with the performance of standard dynamical decoupling protocols shows that the numerically optimized pulse sequences are considerably more robust with respect to the noise offset, rendering them attractive for application to situations where homogeneous dephasing noise sources are accompanied by some extent of heterogeneous dephasing. Application to the mitigation of dephasing noise on spin qubits in silicon indicates that high fidelity single qubit gates are possible with current pulse generation technology.

  19. Economics of Steam Pressure Reduction 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sylva, D. M.

    1985-01-01

    Economics of Steam Pressure Reduction is a technical paper that addresses the operating and economic advantages associated with the program to lower the steam operating pressure. Evaluation of a testing program will be discussed. The paper...

  20. Cogeneration: Economics and politics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Prince, R.G.H.; Poole, M.L.

    1996-12-31

    Cogeneration is a well established process for supplying heat and electricity from a single fuel source. Its feasibility and implementation in any particular case depend on technical, economic and internal and external {open_quotes}cultural{close_quotes} factors, including government policies. This paper describes the current status of small scale industrial cogeneration in Australia. A model has been developed to analyse the technical and economic aspects of retrofitting gas turbine cogeneration in the size range 3 to 30MW to industrial sites. The model demonstrates that for typical Australian energy cost data, the payback and the size of the optimized cogeneration plant depend strongly on electricity buyback prices. Also reviewed are some of the {open_quotes}cultural{close_quotes} factors which often militate against an otherwise economic installation, and government policies which may retard cogeneration by concern about local air emissions or favor it as increasing efficiency of energy use and reducing greenhouse emissions. A case study of a small gas turbine plant in Australia is outlined. 2 refs., 2 figs.

  1. One: The California Economic Outlook

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thornberg, Christopher

    2006-01-01

    THE CALIFORNIA ECONOMIC OUTLOOK Christopher Thornberg,signs of having peaked. The outlook for 2006 is dominated by

  2. Faculty of Social Sciences School of Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    St Andrews, University of

    Faculty of Social Sciences School of Economics Postgraduate Courses Winner Whatuni.com Student Choice Awards #12;Contents 01 Welcome to the School of Economics 02 Why Study Economics at the University Economics 07 MSc Finance and Economics 08 MSc Industrial Economics 09 MSc Experimental Economics 10 MSc

  3. Corinne Alexander Agricultural Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pittendrigh, Barry

    , 2013 #12;Introduction · Increasing demand for long-term corn storage · Molds and Insects major threat on jointly managing both molds and insects #12;Objectives of this study Conditional on bio & Farmers' Practice · In-bin temperature and moisture content (MC) affect pest growth · For Contract farmers

  4. Economic Instruments and the Environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Research and Consulting; Rick McDougall and his staff at the Program Evaluation and Economic Analysis#12;!!! Economic Instruments and the Environment: Selected Legal Issues by Christopher Rolfe Canada funded the research for this publication in order to catalyze discussion on the use of economic

  5. Wireless Network Economics and Games

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jianwei

    Wireless Network Economics and Games Jianwei Huang Network Communications & Economics Lab-play-games/id642100914! ! · J. Huang and L. Gao, "Wireless Network Pricing," Synthesis Lectures on Communication Networks://jianwei.ie.cuhk.edu.hk/publication/Book/ WirelessNetworkPricing.pdf! ! #12;Why Wireless Economics and Games? #12;Wireless Utopia · Wireless spectrum

  6. Comparative economics: evolution and the modern economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vermeij, Geerat J.

    2009-01-01

    foundations of economics (pp. 367–390). Cambridge, UK:Press. Comparative economics: evolution and the modernPress. Hirshleifer, J. (1977). Economics from a biological

  7. Essays on the Economics of Crime

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rozo Villarraga, Sandra V.

    2015-01-01

    A. (2005). The welfare economics of public policy. Edwardlos Andes. Cum Laude. B.A. , Economics, Universidad de losCareer Scholar. UCLA Economics Department TA Fellowship.

  8. Teaching Economics Interactively: A Cannibal's Dinner Party

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bergstrom, Ted C

    2007-01-01

    toll. Work- ing Paper, Economics Department, University ofOctober 26, 2007 I begin my economics principles classes bylife. Those who study economics and other social sciences

  9. Evaluating Economizer Use In Data Centers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chu, Benjamin

    2009-01-01

    Evaluating Economizer Use in Data Centers Benjamin Chu“,eelet Keywords: Data centers, economizers, HVAC, indoor airfor data centers are economizers, which turn off the power

  10. Data Center Economizer Contamination and Humidity Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shehabi, Arman

    2010-01-01

    Program Data Center Economizer Contamination and Humiditylevels for computers. Air economizer cycles, which bring insites to determine how economizers affect humidity control.

  11. Evaluating Economizer Use In Data Centers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chu, Benjamin

    2009-01-01

    to conserve energy. AIR-SIDE ECONOMIZERS A novel buildingcon- sumption is to use air—side economizers. The Lawrenceincrease costs. The air- side economizer concept thus uses

  12. Robust quantum searching with spontaneously decaying qubits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robert J. C. Spreeuw; Tom W. Hijmans

    2007-06-29

    We present a modification of the standard single-item quantum search procedure that acquires robustness from spontaneous decay of the qubits. This damps the usual oscillation of populations, driving the system to a steady state with a strongly enhanced population of the solution. Numerical evaluation of the steady state was performed for up to 36 qubits. The huge size of the state space in our analysis is dealt with by exploiting a symmetry in the master equation that reduces the scaling of computer resources from exponential to polynomial. Based on these results we estimate that an error-free solution can be retrieved from the steady state after O(log log N) repetitions, with near-unit probability. This brings the overall scaling to O(sqrt{N} log log N), only slightly worse than for the ideal quantum case.

  13. Robust bearing estimation for 3-component stations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    CLAASSEN,JOHN P.

    2000-02-01

    A robust bearing estimation process for 3-component stations has been developed and explored. The method, called SEEC for Search, Estimate, Evaluate and Correct, intelligently exploits the inherent information in the arrival at every step of the process to achieve near-optimal results. In particular the approach uses a consistent framework to define the optimal time-frequency windows on which to make estimates, to make the bearing estimates themselves, to construct metrics helpful in choosing the better estimates or admitting that the bearing is immeasurable, and finally to apply bias corrections when calibration information is available to yield a single final estimate. The algorithm was applied to a small but challenging set of events in a seismically active region. It demonstrated remarkable utility by providing better estimates and insights than previously available. Various monitoring implications are noted from these findings.

  14. Efficient and robust gradient enhanced Kriging emulators.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dalbey, Keith R.

    2013-08-01

    %E2%80%9CNaive%E2%80%9D or straight-forward Kriging implementations can often perform poorly in practice. The relevant features of the robustly accurate and efficient Kriging and Gradient Enhanced Kriging (GEK) implementations in the DAKOTA software package are detailed herein. The principal contribution is a novel, effective, and efficient approach to handle ill-conditioning of GEK's %E2%80%9Ccorrelation%E2%80%9D matrix, RN%CC%83, based on a pivoted Cholesky factorization of Kriging's (not GEK's) correlation matrix, R, which is a small sub-matrix within GEK's RN%CC%83 matrix. The approach discards sample points/equations that contribute the least %E2%80%9Cnew%E2%80%9D information to RN%CC%83. Since these points contain the least new information, they are the ones which when discarded are both the easiest to predict and provide maximum improvement of RN%CC%83's conditioning. Prior to this work, handling ill-conditioned correlation matrices was a major, perhaps the principal, unsolved challenge necessary for robust and efficient GEK emulators. Numerical results demonstrate that GEK predictions can be significantly more accurate when GEK is allowed to discard points by the presented method. Numerical results also indicate that GEK can be used to break the curse of dimensionality by exploiting inexpensive derivatives (such as those provided by automatic differentiation or adjoint techniques), smoothness in the response being modeled, and adaptive sampling. Development of a suitable adaptive sampling algorithm was beyond the scope of this work; instead adaptive sampling was approximated by omitting the cost of samples discarded by the presented pivoted Cholesky approach.

  15. Quantum Theory of Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vladimir I. Zverev; Alexander M. Tishin

    2009-01-29

    In the given work the first attempt to generalize quantum uncertainty relation on macro objects is made. Business company as one of economical process participants was chosen by the authors for this purpose. The analogies between quantum micro objects and the structures which from the first sight do not have anything in common with physics are given. The proof of generalized uncertainty relation is produced. With the help of generalized uncertainty relation the authors wanted to elaborate a new non-traditional approach to the description of companies' business activity and their developing and try to formulate some advice for them. Thus, our work makes the base of quantum theory of econimics

  16. Conflict Between Economic

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submit the followingConcentrating Solar Deployment SystemConflict Between Economic

  17. Economic Development - SRSCRO

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory ofDid you not find what you wereDisclaimersMailEconomic Development As the

  18. MTBE Production Economics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACTThousandReport) | SciTechAdministrationMTBE Production Economics Tancred

  19. Optimization Online - Robust Energy Cost Optimization of Water ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander Goryashko

    2011-02-21

    Feb 21, 2011 ... Robust Energy Cost Optimization of Water Distribution System with Uncertain Demand. Alexander Goryashko(ale_gory ***at*** rambler.ru)

  20. Optimization Online - Robust nonlinear optimization via the dual

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Apr 29, 2015 ... Robust nonlinear optimization via the dual. Bram L Gorissen(b.l.gorissen ***at*** tilburguniversity.edu) Dick Den Hertog(d.denhertog ***at*** ...

  1. Robust, High-Throughput Analysis of Protein Structures

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Robust, High-Throughput Analysis of Protein Structures Print Scientists have developed a fast and efficient way to determine the structure of proteins, shortening a process that...

  2. ADAPTIVE AND ROBUST TECHNIQUES (ART) FOR THERMOACOUSTIC TOMOGRAPHY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xie, Yao

    ADAPTIVE AND ROBUST TECHNIQUES (ART) FOR THERMOACOUSTIC TOMOGRAPHY By YAO XIE A DISSERTATION.1 Thermoacoustic Tomography . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1.2 Image Reconstruction Algorithms for TAT

  3. Robust metal contact and capacitive mini-MEMS switches

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sedaghat Pisheh, Hojr

    2013-01-01

    on Stress-Gradient Robust SPST Switch Design . . . . . . .2.2.1 Switch Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . .of SPST Circular Metal-Contact Switch . . . . . . . . . .

  4. Robust Unit Commitment Problem with Demand Response and ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oct 31, 2010 ... Robust Unit Commitment Problem with Demand Response and Wind Energy. Long Zhao(longzhao ***at*** mail.usf.edu) Bo Zeng(bozeng ...

  5. Robust Unit Commitment Problem with Demand Response and ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-10-31

    Oct 29, 2010 ... sion, both Demand Response (DR) strategy and intermittent renewable ... Key Words: unit commitment, demand response, wind energy, robust ...

  6. Solving Two-stage Robust Optimization Problems by A Constraint ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-06-17

    Robust unit commitment problem with demand response and wind energy. Technical report, available in optimization-online, University of South. Florida, 2010.

  7. Direct Numerical Simulations and Robust Predictions of Cloud...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    cloud. Credit: Computational Science and Engineering Laboratory, ETH Zurich, Switzerland Direct Numerical Simulations and Robust Predictions of Cloud Cavitation Collapse PI Name:...

  8. Synchrony and Entrainment Properties of Robust Circadian Oscillators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Petzold, Linda R.

    Synchrony and Entrainment Properties of Robust Circadian Oscillators Neda Bagheri1 , Stephanie R and Computer Engineering, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106-9560; Email: neda

  9. Optimization Online - Costs and benefits of robust optimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ralf Werner

    2010-11-13

    Nov 13, 2010 ... Abstract: In this exposition the robust counterpart approach by Ben-Tal, El Ghaoui and Nemirovski is investigated with respect to its costs and ...

  10. Robust optimization based self scheduling of hydro-thermal Genco ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dec 29, 2013 ... Abstract: This paper proposes a robust optimization model for optimal self scheduling of a hydro-thermal generating company. The proposed ...

  11. Robustness of the detection probability for the sign detector 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huse, Elizabeth Ann

    2003-01-01

    ][theta]-compression (Gaussian, Laplace, hyperbolic secant, etc.) are used. Then we examine the robustness for unbiased perturbations on a generalized Gaussian density....

  12. Undergraduate Courses in Department of Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banaji,. Murad

    Undergraduate Courses in Department of Economics Economics #12;Contents 3 Welcome 4 A Leading Department 5 Departmental Facilities 6 BA and BSc Routes 7 Our BA and BSc Degrees 8 BA Economics and Accounting (L1N4) 9 BSc Economics and Accounting (LN14) 10 BA Economics (L100) 11 BSc Economics (L102) 12 BA

  13. Regional Economics, Roberta Capello, Routledge, New York, 2007, xxi + 322 pp., Pbk, 32.50, ISBN 978-0-415-39521-2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oort, Frank van

    Regional Economics, Roberta Capello, Routledge, New York, 2007, xxi + 322 pp., Pbk, Ł32.50, ISBN 978-0-415-39521-2 This is a new textbook on regional economics, dealing with agglomeration advantages related to the location of firms and households, and to economic growth. The book makes clear

  14. Agricultural and Resource Economics Update

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01

    Europe. It is producing biodiesel from veg- etable oil, fromsuch as Jatropha, for biodiesel. Some industrial forestsfor the production of biodiesel. The econom- ics of algae as

  15. Robust Planning of Green Wireless Networks Grit Claen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Robust Planning of Green Wireless Networks Grit Claßen RWTH Aachen University Lehrstuhl II f@umic.rwth-aachen.de Abstract--Current methods dealing with the energy efficient wireless network planning problem require a robust optimization model for the energy-efficient planning of wireless networks and apply cutting planes

  16. Robust computations with dynamical systems Olivier Bournez1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    . In this paper we discuss the computational power of Lips- chitz dynamical systems which are robust in the following manner: undecidability of verification doesn't hold for Lipschitz, computable and robust systems words : Verification, Model-checking, Computable Analysis, Analog Com- putations. 1 Introduction

  17. Robust Regression Analysis: Some Popular Statistical Package Options

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masci, Frank

    1 Robust Regression Analysis: Some Popular Statistical Package Options By Robert A. Yaffee Meyer of SAS, Institute for their gracious assistance. Robust regression analysis provides an alternative to a least squares regression model when fundamental assumptions are unfulfilled by the nature

  18. Robust Algorithms for Sorting Railway Cars Christina Busing1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nabben, Reinhard

    Robust Algorithms for Sorting Railway Cars Christina B¨using1 and Jens Maue2 1 Institut f cars and reassembled to form new outgoing trains. Trains are subject to delay, which may turn deal with this issue by completely disregarding the input order of cars, which pro- vides robustness

  19. LIBRA: a MATLAB Library for Robust Analysis Sabine Verboven

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    calibration, PCA, PCR, PLS, Classification, MATLAB library. 1 Introduction The need and effectivenessLIBRA: a MATLAB Library for Robust Analysis Sabine Verboven Mia Hubert June 18, 2004 Abstract, statisticians, chemists, and engineers, we introduce a MATLAB library of robust statistical methods. Those

  20. Enhancing tidal harmonic analysis: Robust (hybrid L1 ) solutions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickey, Barbara

    Enhancing tidal harmonic analysis: Robust (hybrid L1 =L2 ) solutions Keith E. Leffler Ă, David A 24 February 2008 Accepted 28 April 2008 Keywords: Tides Tidal analysis Harmonic analysis Robust is calculated from the power spectrum of the residual, a calculation that filters broad spectrum noise

  1. Robust Resource Allocations in Parallel Computing Systems: Model and Heuristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maciejewski, Anthony A. "Tony"

    Robust Resource Allocations in Parallel Computing Systems: Model and Heuristics Vladimir Shestak1 in parallel computer systems (including heterogeneous clusters) should be allocated to the computational was supported by the Colorado State University Center for Robustness in Computer Systems (funded by the Colorado

  2. Robust Photo Retrieval Using World Semantics Hugo Liu*, Henry Lieberman*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robust Photo Retrieval Using World Semantics Hugo Liu*, Henry Lieberman* * MIT Media Laboratory Photos annotated with textual keywords can be thought of as resembling documents, and querying for photos motivated rather than conceptually motivated. In our photo domain, we propose a mechanism for robust

  3. Greedy Approaches to Static Stochastic Robust Resource Allocation for Periodic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maciejewski, Anthony A.

    Greedy Approaches to Static Stochastic Robust Resource Allocation for Periodic Sensor Driven@us.ibm.com Abstract-- This research investigates the problem of robust resource allocation for a large class. Such systems are expected to function in an environment replete with uncertainty where the workload is likely

  4. Batch Mode Stochastic-Based Robust Dynamic Resource Allocation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maciejewski, Anthony A.

    Batch Mode Stochastic-Based Robust Dynamic Resource Allocation in a Heterogeneous Computing System in system parameters is common. Robustness can be defined as the degree to which a system can function in data size and content. Determining a resource allocation that accounts for this uncertainty

  5. Locally robust implementation and its limits Philippe Jehiely

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franz, Sven Oliver

    than ex-post implementation, but we show that no regular allocation function is locally robust that only trivial allocation functions are implementable when payo¤ types are multi of agents, any robustly implementable choice function is also dominant-strategy implementable when

  6. DISSERTATION A SYNTHESIS OF REINFORCEMENT LEARNING AND ROBUST CONTROL THEORY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Charles W.

    DISSERTATION A SYNTHESIS OF REINFORCEMENT LEARNING AND ROBUST CONTROL THEORY Submitted by R OF DISSERTATION A SYNTHESIS OF REINFORCEMENT LEARNING AND ROBUST CONTROL THEORY The pursuit of control algorithms is a collection of theories, techniques, and tools that form one of the leading edge approaches to control. Most

  7. Improved Histogram Equalization Methods for Robust Speech Recognition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Improved Histogram Equalization Methods for Robust Speech Recognition Hsin-Ju Hsieh1, 2 , Jeih-weih Hung2 , Berlin Chen1 1 2 hsinju@ntnu.edu.tw, berlin@ntnu.edu.tw, jwhung@ncnu.edu.tw (Histogram% Keywords: automatic speech recognition, noise robustness, histogram equalization, feature contextual

  8. Model Based Object Recognition by Robust Information Fusion Haifeng Chen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Model Based Object Recognition by Robust Information Fusion Haifeng Chen ˘ˇ¤Ł Ilan Shimshoni on robust information fusion is put forward in this paper. In this algorithm, the property of probabilistic fusion technique that is based on the non- parametric mode search method, mean shift, is proposed

  9. Robust Combiners for Software Hardening Amir Herzberg and Haya Shulman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    Robust Combiners for Software Hardening Amir Herzberg and Haya Shulman Bar-Ilan University Department of Computer Science Ramat-Gan, 52900, Israel Abstract. All practical software hardening schemes S provided either X or Y satisfy S. We present the rst robust combiners for software hardening, specically

  10. Creating Robust Roadmaps for Motion Planning in Changing Environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van den Berg, Jur

    Creating Robust Roadmaps for Motion Planning in Changing Environments Jur P. van den Berg1 Dennis-- In this paper we introduce a method based on the Probabilistic Roadmap (PRM) Planner to construct robust roadmaps for motion planning in changing environments. PRM's are usually aimed at static environments

  11. Robust Trajectory Planning for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles in Uncertain Environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robust Trajectory Planning for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles in Uncertain Environments by Brandon Luders;Robust Trajectory Planning for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles in Uncertain Environments by Brandon Luders of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science in Aeronautics and Astronautics Abstract As unmanned aerial

  12. USDA Finances Wind for Rural Economic Development (Poster)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Newcomb, C.; Walters, T.

    2005-05-01

    To foster rural economic development and growth, Congress passed the Renewable Energy Systems and Energy Efficiency Improvements Program as Section 9006 of the 2002 Farm Bill. This program provides financial assistance to farmers, ranchers, and rural small businesses to purchase renewable energy systems or make energy efficiency improvements. The Rural Business and Cooperative Services of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) administers this program. This conference poster provides an overview of Section 9006.

  13. Economic evaluation of rural woodlots in a developing country: Tanzania

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kihiyo, V.B.M.S.

    1996-03-01

    Rural areas in developing countries use wood as their main source of energy. Previously, wood has been obtained free from natural forests and woodlands. The pressure of increased demand through population growth, and the fact that natural trees take longer to grow, has made this resource scarce. Thus, raising trees in woodlots has been adopted as the solution to its shortage in the wild. However, growing trees in woodlots will inevitably require resources in terms of capital, land and manpower. Economic evaluation becomes necessary to ascertain that these resources are used economically. This paper dwells on some of the salient features of the economic evaluation of woodlots, such as interest rates, shadow prices of factors of production, social opportunity, cost of capital and sensitivity analysis of such woodlots in a developing country such as Tanzania. 19 refs., 5 tabs.

  14. Coiled tubing drilling requires economic and technical analyses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gary, S.C. )

    1995-02-20

    Field experience has proven that coiled tubing drilling is a technical and economic option on some wells; however, coiled tubing drilling is not the solution to every drilling prospect or production-enhancement job. To determine if coiled tubing drilling is viable, the geographic, technical, and economic aspects of each project must be considered in detail. Generally, with some limitations, coiled tubing drilling is feasible primarily when jointed pipe cannot be used effectively. Also, coiled tubing drilling may be more appropriate because of some special well site requirements, such as environmental regulations requiring less surface disturbance. The paper discusses technical considerations which need to be considered, economic feasibility, limitations of well types (new shallow wells, conventional reentry, through-tubing reentry, and underbalanced drilling), and outlook for further growth in the coiled tubing drilling industry.

  15. Energy, Environmental & Economic Systems Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Energy, Environmental & Economic Systems Analysis ENPEP-BALANCE: A Tool for Long-term Nuclear Power Market Simulations Opportunity Decision and Information Sciences Division Center for Energy, Environmental & Economic Systems Analysis A resurgence of interest in nuclear energy is taking place

  16. Water Resource Economics An Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shaw, W. Douglass

    of Agricultural Economics and Department of Recreation, Park and Tourism Sciences, Texas A&M University, College comprehensive coverage of water economics at a level both accessible to senior undergraduates while still accessible for all of these students. I highly recommend this to be an indispensable source book for water

  17. Competitive economics of nuclear power

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hellman, R.

    1981-03-02

    Some 12 components of a valid study of the competitive economics of a newly ordered nuclear power plant are identified and explicated. These are then used to adjust the original cost projections of four authoritative studies of nuclear and coal power economics.

  18. An Economic analogy to Electrodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanjay Dasari; Anindya Kumar Biswas

    2013-08-13

    In this note, we would like to find the laws of electrodynamics in simple economic systems. In this direction, we identify the chief economic variables and parameters, scalar and vector, which are amenable to be put directly into the crouch of the laws of electrodynamics, namely Maxwell's equations. Moreover, we obtain Phillp's curve, recession and Black-Scholes formula, as sample applications.

  19. Graduate Student Handbook Economics Department

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tchumper, Gregory S.

    Graduate Student Handbook Economics Department Version: April 2014 Economics Department Holman Hall of the program is the development of understanding of fundamental theories of micro- and macroeconomic behavior science, computer science, MIS/POM, or marketing. A student may opt for a thesis, which constitutes 6

  20. Condensing economizers for small coal-fired boilers and furnaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Butcher, T.A.; Litzke, W.

    1994-01-01

    Condensing economizers increase the thermal efficiency of boilers by recovering sensible and latent heat from exhaust gas. These economizers are currently being used commercially for this purpose in a wide range of applications. Performance is dependent upon application-specific factors affecting the utility of recovered heat. With the addition of a condensing economizer boiler efficiency improvements up to 10% are possible. Condensing economizers can also capture flue gas particulates. In this work, the potential use of condensing economizers for both efficiency improvement and control of particulate emissions from small, coal water slurry-fired boilers was evaluated. Analysis was done to predict heat transfer and particulate capture by mechanisms including: inertial impaction, interception, diffusion, thermophoretic forces, and condensation growth. Shell-and-tube geometries were considered with flue gas on the outside of Teflon-covered tubes. Experimental studies were done with both air- and water-cooled economizers refit to a small boiler. Two experimental arrangements were used including oil-firing with injection of flyash upstream of the economizer and direct coal water slurry firing. Firing rates ranged from 27 to 82 kW (92,000 to 280,000 Btu/hr). Inertial impaction was found to be the most important particulate capture mechanism and removal efficiencies to 95% were achieved. With the addition of water sprays directly on the first row of tubes, removal efficiencies increased to 98%. Use of these sprays adversely affects heat recovery. Primary benefits of the sprays are seen to be the addition of small impaction sites and future design improvements are suggested in which such small impactors are permanently added to the highest velocity regions of the economizer. Predicted effects of these added impactors on particulate removal and pressure drop are presented.

  1. Magnetic fusion reactor economics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Krakowski, R.A.

    1995-12-01

    An almost primordial trend in the conversion and use of energy is an increased complexity and cost of conversion systems designed to utilize cheaper and more-abundant fuels; this trend is exemplified by the progression fossil fission {yields} fusion. The present projections of the latter indicate that capital costs of the fusion ``burner`` far exceed any commensurate savings associated with the cheapest and most-abundant of fuels. These projections suggest competitive fusion power only if internal costs associate with the use of fossil or fission fuels emerge to make them either uneconomic, unacceptable, or both with respect to expensive fusion systems. This ``implementation-by-default`` plan for fusion is re-examined by identifying in general terms fusion power-plant embodiments that might compete favorably under conditions where internal costs (both economic and environmental) of fossil and/or fission are not as great as is needed to justify the contemporary vision for fusion power. Competitive fusion power in this context will require a significant broadening of an overly focused program to explore the physics and simbiotic technologies leading to more compact, simplified, and efficient plasma-confinement configurations that reside at the heart of an attractive fusion power plant.

  2. Design of a robust superhydrophobic surface: thermodynamic and kinetic analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anjishnu Sarkar; Anne-Marie Kietzig

    2014-12-17

    The design of a robust superhydrophobic surface is a widely pursued topic.While many investigations are limited to applications with high impact velocities (for raindrops of the order of a few m/s), the essence of robustness is yet to be analyzed for applications involving quasi-static liquid transfer.To achieve robustness with high impact velocities, the surface parameters (geometrical details, chemistry) have to be selected from a narrow range of permissible values, which often entail additional manufacturing costs.From the dual perspectives of thermodynamics and mechanics, we analyze the significance of robustness for quasi-static drop impact, and present the range of permissible surface characteristics.For surfaces with a Youngs contact angle greater than 90{\\deg} and square micropillar geometry, we show that robustness can be enforced when an intermediate wetting state (sagged state) impedes transition to a wetted state (Wenzel state).From the standpoint of mechanics, we use available scientific data to prove that a surface with any topology must withstand a pressure of 117 Pa to be robust.Finally, permissible values of surface characteristics are determined, which ensure robustness with thermodynamics (formation of sagged state) and mechanics (withstanding 117 Pa).

  3. Fast Fermi Acceleration and Entropy Growth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tiago Pereira; Dmitry Turaev

    2015-03-13

    Fermi acceleration is the process of energy transfer from massive objects in slow motion to light objects that move fast. The model for such process is a time-dependent Hamiltonian system. As the parameters of the system change with time, the energy is no longer conserved, which makes the acceleration possible. One of the main problems is how to generate a sustained and robust energy growth. We show that the non-ergodicity of any chaotic Hamiltonian system must universally lead to the exponential growth of energy at a slow periodic variation of parameters. We build a model for this process in terms of a Geometric Brownian Motion with a positive drift and relate it to the entropy increase.

  4. Growth and poverty in the urban fringe : decentralization, dispersion, and inequality in greater Buenos Aires

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Libertun de Duren, Nora R

    2007-01-01

    This research presents the case of growth in Buenos Aires since the late 1970s, when the decentralization of urban planning powers in the Province of Buenos Aires began, until 2001, when an economic crisis submerged -even ...

  5. The growth of cultural industry and the role of government : the case of Korea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Kang Ah

    2008-01-01

    The 21 st century is the age of culture. Cultural industry is rapidly internationalizing and a number of countries seeking a new source of economic growth are now turning their attention to cultural industries. In Asia, ...

  6. 'Open' markets but no food?: Establishing the links between supermarket growth in India and food security 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhagat, Abhishek Pawan

    2011-11-24

    India is a land of great contrasts as evident through its different religions, cultures and languages. However, a bigger contrast lies in its phenomenal economic growth in the last few years on one hand and the glaring ...

  7. Econometric analysis of the historical growth and volatility trends of various metals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Brittany Laurél

    2012-01-01

    Post Malthusian economics, there is growing recognition of the impact technological change and advance has on market activity. By studying historical production and price trends, boundaries of feasible growth can be ...

  8. Game of zones : neighborhood rezonings and uneven urban growth in Bloomberg's New York City

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goldberg, Leo (Leo Michael)

    2015-01-01

    Between 2002 and 2014, the Bloomberg administration implemented dozens of neighborhood-scale rezonings to catalyze economic growth and create the conditions for new residential development. With the amount of housing ...

  9. College of Arts & Sciences Economics, BA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Mexico, University of

    1/15/2009 College of Arts & Sciences Economics, BA Broad Learning Goals A. Theory: Mastery of basic economic theory. B. Institutional Context: Familiarity with institutions that shape economic behavior. C, evaluate and critique economic models. E. Communication F. Economic Citizenship Student Learning Outcomes A

  10. MATTHEW D. SHAPIRO Department of Economics home

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cafarella, Michael J.

    MATTHEW D. SHAPIRO Department of Economics home: University of Michigan 2024 Vinewood Blvd Ann@umich.edu PRINCIPAL CURRENT POSITIONS Lawrence R. Klein Collegiate Professor of Economics, University of Michigan of Economic Research Editor, American Economic Journal: Economic Policy EDUCATION B.A. summa cum laude

  11. Info Lit @ Mac Economics 2K03

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Michael

    Info Lit @ Mac Economics 2K03 Canadian Economic History Amanda Etches-Johnson Reference Librarian email/MSN: library@mcmaster.ca September 14, 2006 #12;Info Lit @ Mac Economics 2K03 Canadian Economic History Olga Perkovic Reference Librarian email/MSN: library@mcmaster.ca September 21, 2006 #12;Economics

  12. ECONOMICS UPDATE Issue 1 Autumn 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neri, Peter

    ECONOMICS UPDATE Issue 1 Economics Update Autumn 2014 UNIVERSITY OF ABERDEEN ­ DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS IN THIS ISSUE Welcome to the first Economics update! In this twice-yearly publication, we. In the Research Assessment Exercise results of 2008, 100% of Economics research, was judged to be of international

  13. Joel B. Schumacher January, 2014 Department of Agricultural Economics & Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    & Alternatives Project (October, 2011). Hamlen, Sarah, Joel B. Schumacher "Key Questions to Ask Regarding Small Wind Turbine Economic Calculations." MontGuide (January, 2011). Schumacher, Joel B., Sarah Hamlen

  14. Exponential growth of ``snow molds'' at sub-zero temperatures: an explanation for high beneath-snow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Colorado at Boulder, University of

    Exponential growth of ``snow molds'' at sub-zero temperatures: an explanation for high beneath organisms of the beneath-snow microbial community, ``snow molds'', exhibit robust exponential growth to -0.3°C for these snow molds vary from 22 to 330. Third, we derive an analytical equation

  15. Robust multiuser detection in ?-stable distribution non-Gaussian noise 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Jing

    2002-01-01

    In this thesis, we will model the ambient non-Gaussian noise as the ?-stable distribution because this model has many attractive properties. By using this noise model, the robust multiuser detectors achieve significant performance gain, and the two...

  16. A Probabilistic Particle Control Approach to Optimal, Robust Predictive Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blackmore, Lars

    2006-04-28

    Autonomous vehicles need to be able to plan trajectories to a specified goal that avoid obstacles, and are robust to the inherent uncertainty in the problem. This uncertainty arises due to uncertain state estimation, ...

  17. Efficient, Portable, and Robust Extension of Operating System Functionality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newhall, Tia

    Efficient, Portable, and Robust Extension of Operating System Functionality Amin Vahdat, Douglas, operating systems are not chosen for underlying system features, but rather for the performance of the underlying hardware, available application programs, and system stability. Consequently, operating system

  18. Robust and decentralized task assignment algorithms for UAVs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alighanbari, Mehdi, 1976-

    2007-01-01

    This thesis investigates the problem of decentralized task assignment for a fleet of UAVs. The main objectives of this work are to improve the robustness to noise and uncertainties in the environment and improve the ...

  19. Robust randomized trajectory planning for satellite attitude tracking control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barker, Drew R. (Drew Richard), 1981-

    2006-01-01

    This thesis presents a novel guidance strategy that uses a randomized trajectory planning algorithm in a closed-loop fashion to provide robust motion planning and execution. By closing the guidance, navigation, and control ...

  20. Robustness in Glyoxylate Bypass Regulation Guy Shinar1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .shinar@weizmann.ac.il Introduction Robustness in biological systems has seen a renewal of research interest in recent years [1 in the protein levels. For example, specific mechanisms explain how exact adaptation in bacterial chemotaxis

  1. Applications of broad class knowledge for noise robust speech recognition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sainath, Tara N

    2009-01-01

    This thesis introduces a novel technique for noise robust speech recognition by first describing a speech signal through a set of broad speech units, and then conducting a more detailed analysis from these broad classes. ...

  2. Robust and scalable scheme to generate large-scale entanglement...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    an N-qubit W state among separated quantum nodes (cavity-QED systems) by using linear optics and postselections. The present scheme inherits the robustness of the Barrett-Kok...

  3. The robustness of block truncation coding for image compression 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hinojosa, Teresa Yvonne

    1995-01-01

    implementation. It uses a one bit quantizer with two output levels and a threshold. We address the imperfect knowledge of the true quantizer output levels by deriving a quantitative robustness measure for block truncation coding utilizing a differential geometric...

  4. Trajectory planning for unmanned vehicles using robust receding horizon control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuwata, Yoshiaki, 1978-

    2007-01-01

    This thesis presents several trajectory optimization algorithms for a team of cooperating unmanned vehicles operating in an uncertain and dynamic environment. The first, designed for a single vehicle, is the Robust Safe ...

  5. Robust Ramsey sequences with Raman adiabatic rapid passage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kotru, Krish

    We present a method for robust timekeeping in which alkali-metal atoms are interrogated in a Ramsey sequence based on stimulated Raman transitions with optical photons. To suppress systematic effects introduced by differential ...

  6. Robust manufacturing system design using petri nets and bayesian methods 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sharda, Bikram

    2008-10-10

    robust design configuration, designers need accurate methods to model various uncertainties and efficient ways to search for feasible configurations. The dissertation work uses a multi-objective Genetic Algorithm (GA) and Petri net based modeling...

  7. Robustness Testing and Hardening of CORBA ORB Implementations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koopman, Philip

    the Ballista software testing technique to test the exception-handling robustness of C++ ORB client. The Ballista project is supported in part by DARPA (contract DABT63-96-C-0064). 3 Jiantao Pan Department

  8. Using Redundancy to Improve Robustness of Distributed Mechanism Implementations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Yiling

    Using Redundancy to Improve Robustness of Distributed Mechanism Implementations Jeffrey Shneidman compatibility as requirements for a distributed mechanism im- plementation. Just as payments are used to create incentive com- patible mechanisms, some technique must be used to create com- putation

  9. The Value of Flexibility in Robust Location-Transportation Problem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-11-24

    Facility location decisions play a critical role in transportation planning. ... little is known about future demand, robust optimization, namely using a budgeted ... acterized by Dj. The total profit generated by the company is computed based on

  10. Robust Trajectory Planning for Autonomous Parafoils under Wind Uncertainty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    How, Jonathan P.

    A key challenge facing modern airborne delivery systems, such as parafoils, is the ability to accurately and consistently deliver supplies into di cult, complex terrain. Robustness is a primary concern, given that environmental ...

  11. Towards Synthesis of Reactive & Robust Behavior Chains Amol D. Mali

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mali, Amol D.

    Towards Synthesis of Reactive & Robust Behavior Chains Amol D. Mali Electrical Engg. & Computer Science, P.O.Box 784 University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI 53201, USA. e-mail: mali

  12. Robust, goal-directed plan execution with bounded risk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ono, Masahiro, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2012-01-01

    There is an increasing need for robust optimal plan execution for multi-agent systems in uncertain environments, while guaranteeing an acceptable probability of success. For example, a fleet of unmanned aerial vehicles ...

  13. 2006 Nature Publishing Group Robust Salmonella metabolism limits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cai, Long

    © 2006 Nature Publishing Group Robust Salmonella metabolism limits possibilities for new validation is largely lacking. Here we have obtained in vivo information about over 700 Salmonella enterica enzymes from network analysis of mutant phenotypes, genome comparisons and Salmonella proteomes from

  14. Distributionally robust workforce scheduling in call centers with ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-05-25

    programming and distributionally robust optimization to minimize the total salary costs under service .... knowledge often comes from a statistical estimation procedure and takes the form of point ..... following inequalities hold for any a ? R|L|. 1.

  15. Robust and Efficient Multifrontal Solver for Large Discretized PDEs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-01-16

    2.71e8. 2.60e8. 2.50e8. 2.34e8 multifrontal method, our robust structured factorization .... Sambavaram, S.R., Sarin, V., Sameh, A.H., Grama, A.: Multipole-

  16. A network approach for power grid robustness against cascading failures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Xiangrong; Kooij, Robert E; Van Mieghem, Piet

    2015-01-01

    Cascading failures are one of the main reasons for blackouts in electrical power grids. Stable power supply requires a robust design of the power grid topology. Currently, the impact of the grid structure on the grid robustness is mainly assessed by purely topological metrics, that fail to capture the fundamental properties of the electrical power grids such as power flow allocation according to Kirchhoff's laws. This paper deploys the effective graph resistance as a metric to relate the topology of a grid to its robustness against cascading failures. Specifically, the effective graph resistance is deployed as a metric for network expansions (by means of transmission line additions) of an existing power grid. Four strategies based on network properties are investigated to optimize the effective graph resistance, accordingly to improve the robustness, of a given power grid at a low computational complexity. Experimental results suggest the existence of Braess's paradox in power grids: bringing an additional li...

  17. NEW INSTITUTIONAL ECONOMICS AND THE ENVIRONMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bateman, Ian J.

    economics, institutions, environmental govern- ance, environment and development, social capital JEL institutional economics on environmental governance under local common property arrangemen for Social and Economic Research on the Global Environment (CSERGE) University of East Anglia Norwich NR4 7TJ

  18. POLICYProfessional Perspectives on Energy Security, Economics,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    TheGoalsof ENERGY POLICYProfessional Perspectives on Energy Security, Economics Security, Economics, and the Environment The Goals of Energy Policy: Professional Perspectives on Energy Security, Economics, and the Environment EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Energy-related incidents and issues ­ the BP

  19. Essays in Financial Economics and Industrial Organization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Studart, Marcus Eduardo Mathias

    2015-01-01

    risk. Journal of Financial Economics, 77(2):375–410, 2005.spread. Journal of financial Economics, 17(2):223–249, 1986.reputational commitment. Economics Letters, 89(2):167–173,

  20. Essays in Finance and Environmental Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Becker, Thomas A.

    2010-01-01

    the Life Cycle. Review of Economics and Statistics 88:348–and Expectations in Modern Economics: In Honor of Edmund S.eds. ), Handbook of Public Economics, Volume 3. Amsterdam:

  1. Three Essays In Environmental And Agricultural Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poudel, Biswo Nath

    2010-01-01

    Environmental and Re- source Economics 32(2005):495-508.Journal of Agricultural Economics 86(2004):1315–1321. Barro,Quarterly Journal of Economics 106 (1991):407-443. Barro,

  2. Essays on the Economics of Innovation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kang, Minji

    2015-01-01

    Air- lines case. manuscript. Department of Economics. UCLA.dominance. RAND Journal of economics, 1-26. [4] Bayus, B.Quantitative Marketing and Economics, 10(2), 197- [7

  3. Three Essays on Environmental and Development Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chong, Howard G.

    2011-01-01

    power sector,” Energy economics, 2009, 31 Weiner, C. , “TheJour- nal of monetary Economics, 1993, 32 (3), 363–394. andJournal of Financial Economics, 1985, 14 (1), 3–31. Building

  4. Three essays on environment and development economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Welch, Jarrod Ross

    2011-01-01

    Journal of Development Economics, 9 2007, 84 (1), 330–349.pear in the Review of Economics and Statistics. Alix-Garcia,A. with High Honors in Economics, University of California,

  5. Essays on Macroeconomics and Information Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zambrano Riveros, Jorge Andres

    2012-01-01

    on-Hudson, NY: Levy Economics Institute, Bard College, 2010.Journal of Labor Economics, 7(3):281–302, 1989. [4] S.N.Quarterly Jour- nal of Economics, 109(3):659, 1994. [6] Y.

  6. Essays in Health and Labor Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Butler, Matthew James

    2011-01-01

    Review of Environmental Economics and Policy, 1(2):241-260,Safety? Journal of Health Economics, 25(6):1069–93, MaySafety. Journal of Health Economics, 30(4):764-773, July

  7. Essays in Labor and Development Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mutsalklisana, Charles Saharuk

    2011-01-01

    1980s,” Journal of Labor Economics, 15, 1- 42 Blinder, Alan,Differentials,” The Review of Economics and Statistics, 70,Canadian Journal of Economics, 35, 646- 688 Lewbel, A. ,

  8. Three Applied Essays in Development Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kapoor, Shruti

    2009-01-01

    We Learned from the Economics of the Family? ’, Americanof Labor’, Journal of Labor Economics 3(1), S33–58. Becker,Quarterly Journal of Economics 90(2), 285–307. Ben-Porath,

  9. Essays on Environmental and Resource Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toledo, Chantal Nathalie

    2013-01-01

    Journal of Public Economics, 95(9-10): 1082-1095. [5]Curve. ” Journal of Public Economics, 80(2): 269–86. [10]Agriculture and Resource Economics). [13] Auffhammer, M. ,

  10. Dynamic Resource Allocation Heuristics for Maximizing Robustness with an Overall Makespan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dynamic Resource Allocation Heuristics for Maximizing Robustness with an Overall Makespan function correctly in the presence of parameter values different from those assumed. This work uses attainable robustness of the described system. Index Terms-- robustness, resource allocation, makespan, dy

  11. Energy Economics and Corporate Profitability 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbert, J. S.

    1982-01-01

    attitudes about energy conservation and planning come from using economic measures that do not accurately reflect the future earnings capabilities and cash flow generating characteristics of industrial firms. An action plan is presented for energy managers...

  12. Domestic Consequences of Economic Sanctions 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Webb, Clayton McLaughlin

    2015-05-05

    Are economic sanctions costly for the sanctioning state? Some scholars argue that sanctions are costly tools used to achieve foreign policy goals, while others argue that sanctions are relatively costless tools leaders use ...

  13. Cogeneration Economics and Financial Analysis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kusik, C. L.; Golden, W. J.; Fox, L. K.

    1983-01-01

    Cogeneration has received much attention as a way to improve the efficiency of energy generation and conversion. This interest has been stimulated by higher energy costs for fuel and electricity as well as economic incentives granted by the federal...

  14. Economics of Organic Rankine Cycle 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Brien, W. J.

    1988-01-01

    RANKINE CYCLE WILLIAM J. O'BRIEN Energy Ccnsultant Encon Associates 231 Torrey Pines Drive Toms River, New Jersey ABSTRACT This report determines the conditions needed for an Organic Rankine Cycle to be economically attractive to recover heat... going to air fins or cooling water. It includes discussion of some installations, and the impact of pinch technology on the analysis of Rankine Cycle opportunities. Some graphs to assist in deciding whether a poten tial application is economic...

  15. Indeterminism and predictability in economics 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barton, David Merritt

    1968-01-01

    as an ideal foz ~ methodological purposes and erroneously concluded that they could eventually discover deterministic laws which would make possible prediction and control. The deterministic view which Newtonian ~ physics fostered has changed. Modern... happens to embrace. Empirical evidence, however, does not support the view that economic behavior is predictable, nor the view that deterministic theories of economic change are suitable descriptions of the real world, A C K N 0 N L E D g E ME N T I...

  16. Step-by-step growth of complex oxide microstructures

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Datskos, Panos G.; Cullen, David A.; Sharma, Jaswinder K.

    2015-06-10

    The synthesis of complex and hybrid oxide microstructures is of fundamental interest and practical applications. However, the design and synthesis of such structures is a challenging task. We developed a solution phase process to synthesize complex silica and silica titania hybrid microstructures by exploiting the emulsion droplet based shape control and step by step growth. The strategy is robust and can be extended to make complex hybrid structures made of two or more materials while each having its own shape.

  17. Metabolic Flux Analysis of Shewanella spp. Reveals Evolutionary Robustness in Central Carbon Metabolism

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tang, Yinjie J.; Martin, Hector Garcia; Dehal, Paramvir S.; Deutschbauer, Adam; Llora, Xavier; Meadows, Adam; Arkin, Adam; Keasling, Jay D.

    2009-08-19

    Shewanella spp. are a group of facultative anaerobic bacteria widely distributed in marine and fresh-water environments. In this study, we profiled the central metabolic fluxes of eight recently sequenced Shewanella species grown under the same condition in minimal med-ium with [3-13C] lactate. Although the tested Shewanella species had slightly different growth rates (0.23-0.29 h31) and produced different amounts of acetate and pyruvate during early exponential growth (pseudo-steady state), the relative intracellular metabolic flux distributions were remarkably similar. This result indicates that Shewanella species share similar regulation in regard to central carbon metabolic fluxes under steady growth conditions: the maintenance of metabolic robustness is not only evident in a single species under genetic perturbations (Fischer and Sauer, 2005; Nat Genet 37(6):636-640), but also observed through evolutionary related microbial species. This remarkable conservation of relative flux profiles through phylogenetic differences prompts us to introduce the concept of metabotype as an alternative scheme to classify microbial fluxomics. On the other hand, Shewanella spp. display flexibility in the relative flux profiles when switching their metabolism from consuming lactate to consuming pyruvate and acetate.

  18. Technical Demonstration and Economic Validation of Geothermal...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Economic Validation of Geothermal-Produced Electricity from Coproduced Water at Existing OilGas Wells in Texas Technical Demonstration and Economic Validation of...

  19. Academic Program Review Self Study Department of Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frantz, Kyle J.

    Academic Program Review Self Study Department of Economics #12;Department of Economics Academic......................................................................................................... 17 Undergraduate Program: Economics Majors ........................................................................... 17 Master of Arts in Economics

  20. Determinants of Population Growth in Rajasthan: An Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. V. Singh; Alka Mittal; Neetish Sharma; Florentin Smarandache

    2010-12-01

    Rajasthan is the biggest State of India and is currently in the second phase of demographic transition and is moving towards the third phase of demographic transition with very slow pace. However, state's population will continue to grow for a time period. Rajasthan's performance in the social and economic sector has been poor in past. The poor performance is the outcome of poverty, illiteracy and poor development, which co-exist and reinforce each other. There are many demographic and socio-economic factors responsible for population growth. This paper attempts to identify the demographic and socio-economic variables, which are responsible for population growth in Rajasthan with the help of multivariate analysis.

  1. Financial Structure and Economic Welfare: Applied General Equilibrium Development Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Townsend, Robert

    This review provides a common framework for researchers thinking about the next generation of micro-founded macro models of growth, inequality, and financial deepening, as well as direction for policy makers targeting ...

  2. Politics, Philosophy and Economics(PPE)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Little, Tony

    BA(Hons) Politics, Philosophy and Economics(PPE) Three heads are better than one ... #12;Why study a triple degree in Politics, Philosophy and Economics? Politics, Philosophy and Economics (PPE the following Core Modules: Politics: Great Political Thinkers; Philosophy: Moral Theory or Logic; and Economics

  3. The Economic Challenges Facing Milwaukee's Inner City

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saldin, Dilano

    The Economic Challenges Facing Milwaukee's Inner City Statistical Snapshots UWM Center for Economic Development #12;Milwaukee's "Inner City," 1970-2000: An Economic Snapshot $18,193$21,090Real median household in the inner city: continuing economic distress in the traditional inner city, and growing distress

  4. Fisheries Economics of the United States, 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #12;#12;Fisheries Economics of the United States, 2008 Economics and Social Analysis Division;ii Suggested citation: National Marine Fisheries Service. 2010. Fisheries Economics of the United://www.st.nmfs.noaa.gov/st5/publication/index.html. A copy of this report may be obtained from: Economics and Social Analysis

  5. Economic Viability of Dynamic Spectrum Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jianwei

    Economic Viability of Dynamic Spectrum Management Jianwei Huang Network Communications and Economics Lab Department of Information Engineering The Chinese University of Hong Kong #12;#12;1 Economic economic and policy issue, as it affects the interests of wireless end-users, com- mercial wireless service

  6. Fisheries Economics of the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fisheries Economics of the United States 2007 Economics and Sociocultural Status and Trends Series Fisheries Service NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-F/SPO-104 January 2010 #12;#12;Fisheries Economics of the United States, 2007 Economics and Social Analysis Division Office of Science and Technology National

  7. The Economic Impacts of Texas Tech University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rock, Chris

    The Economic Impacts of Texas Tech University #12;The Economic Impacts of Texas Tech University 2 #12;3 The Economic Impacts of Texas Tech University Prepared by: Bradley T. Ewing, Ph.D. Rawls University, and Office of Research Services at Texas Tech University #12;The Economic Impacts of Texas Tech

  8. University of bA in Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oxford, University of

    University of Oxford bA in Economics and Management 2014/15 #12;uNIVersITy of oxford ba IN eCoNomICs aNd maNaGemeNT 2014/15 The Economics and Management undergraduate degree programme examines issues are allocated and coordinated to achieve the organisation's objectives. Economics and Management are ideal

  9. Economic benefits of greenspace Research Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Economic benefits of greenspace Research Report #12;#12;Research Report Economic benefits of greenspace A critical assessment of evidence of net economic benefits Forestry Commission: Edinburgh Vadim. ISBN 978-0-85538-865-2 Saraev, V. (2012) Economic benefits of greenspace: a critical assessment

  10. ECONOMICS UPDATE Issue 2 Spring 2015

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neri, Peter

    , particularly in the areas of labour economics and energy economics. There are also research interests Market Research (CELMR), and the Aberdeen Centre for Research in Energy Economics and Finance (ACREEF-honours students). Our premium postgraduate MSc in Petroleum, Energy Economics and Finance has around 50 students

  11. RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT TO PREPARE AND CHARACTERIZE ROBUST COAL/BIOMASS MIXTURES FOR DIRECT CO-FEEDING INTO GASIFICATION SYSTEMS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Felix, Larry; Farthing, William; Hoekman, S. Kent

    2014-12-31

    This project was initiated on October 1, 2010 and utilizes equipment and research supported by the Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory, under Award Number DE- FE0005349. It is also based upon previous work supported by the Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory, under Award Numbers DOE-DE-FG36-01GOl1082, DE-FG36-02G012011 or DE-EE0000272. The overall goal of the work performed was to demonstrate and assess the economic viability of fast hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) for transforming lignocellulosic biomass into a densified, friable fuel to gasify like coal that can be easily blended with ground coal and coal fines and then be formed into robust, weather-resistant pellets and briquettes. The specific objectives of the project include: • Demonstration of the continuous production of a uniform densified and formed feedstock from loblolly pine (a lignocellulosic, short rotation woody crop) in a hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) process development unit (PDU). • Demonstration that finely divided bituminous coal and HTC loblolly pine can be blended to form 90/10 and 70/30 weight-percent mixtures of coal and HTC biomass for further processing by pelletization and briquetting equipment to form robust weather resistant pellets and/or briquettes suitable for transportation and long term storage. • Characterization of the coal-biomass pellets and briquettes to quantify their physical properties (e.g. flow properties, homogeneity, moisture content, particle size and shape), bulk physical properties (e.g. compressibility, heat transfer and friability) and assess their suitability for use as fuels for commercially-available coal gasifiers. • Perform economic analyses using Aspen-based process simulations to determine the costs for deploying and operating HTC processing facilities for the production of robust coal/biomass fuels suitable for fueling commercially-available coal-fired gasifiers. This Final Project Scientific/Technical Report discusses and documents the project work required to meet each of these objectives.

  12. Systemic risk analysis in reconstructed economic and financial networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cimini, Giulio; Gabrielli, Andrea; Garlaschelli, Diego

    2014-01-01

    The assessment of fundamental properties for economic and financial systems, such as systemic risk, is systematically hindered by privacy issues$-$that put severe limitations on the available information. Here we introduce a novel method to reconstruct partially-accessible networked systems of this kind. The method is based on the knowledge of the fitnesses, $i.e.$, intrinsic node-specific properties, and of the number of connections of only a limited subset of nodes. Such information is used to calibrate a directed configuration model which can generate ensembles of networks intended to represent the real system, so that the real network properties can be estimated within the generated ensemble in terms of mean values of the observables. Here we focus on estimating those properties that are commonly used to measure the network resilience to shock and crashes. Tests on both artificial and empirical networks shows that the method is remarkably robust with respect to the limitedness of the information available...

  13. Three essays in financial economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Eung Jun Brandon

    2013-01-01

    Chapter 1 studies endogenous medium term cycles in a Schumpterian growth model. New firms are created by imitating existing firms and they drive the least productive firms out of business. In this manner, firm entry speeds ...

  14. Robust packaging system for diesel/natural gas oxidation catalysts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gulati, S.T.; Sherwood, D.L. [Corning, Inc., NY (United States); Corn, S.H.

    1996-09-01

    The 290,000 vehicle-mile durability requirement for diesel/natural gas oxidation catalysts calls for robust packaging systems which ensure a positive mounting pressure on the ceramic flow-through converter under all operating conditions. New data for substrate/washcoat interaction, intumescent mat performance in dry and wet states, and high temperature strength and oxidation resistance of stainless steels, and canning techniques insensitive to tolerance stack-up are reviewed which help optimize packaging durability. Factors contributing to robustness of converter components are identified and methods to quantify their impact on design optimization are described.

  15. Master of Arts in Economics The Department of Economics presents a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Master of Arts in Economics The Department of Economics presents a curriculum leading to the Master of Arts (MA) degree. Courses of study allow a concentration in one of three tracks: Economic Analysis, Financial Economics, or International Economics. All three tracks seek to provide students with analytical

  16. Winter Term 2013/14 Development Economics I: Macro Issues in Development Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krivobokova, Tatyana

    1 Winter Term 2013/14 Development Economics I: Macro Issues in Development Economics Instructor.104). This course is providing an overview of development economics issues, with particular emphasis on macro issues in economic development. The most important topics to be covered are the measurement and meaning of economic

  17. Causality in Economics and Econometrics An Entry for the New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fitelson, Branden

    Causality in Economics and Econometrics An Entry for the New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics Kevin D. Hoover Departments of Economics and Philosophy Duke University Box 90097 Durham, NC 27708;Causality in Economics and Econometrics K.D. Hoover 9 June 2006 Abstract of Causality in Economics

  18. GARY W. BRESTER January 2014 Department of Agricultural Economics and Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    1 GARY W. BRESTER January 2014 Department of Agricultural Economics and Economics Montana State@montana.edu EDUCATION: Ph.D. in Economics, Minor in Statistics, Specialization in Agricultural Economics, North Carolina State University, 1990 M.S. in Applied Economics, Montana State University, 1982 B.S. in Agricultural

  19. L. Tesfatsion Universal Economic Principles?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    ) of labor; 4. The concept of comparative advantage; 5. The concepts of risk pooling, risk spreading of production across product lines); 8. The categorization of economic behavior in terms of risk aversion, risk neutrality, and risk seeking; 9. The categorization of goods along a spectrum ranging from pure public goods

  20. Forest fires: from economic assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pettenella, Davide

    1 Forest fires: from economic assessment to governance Laura Secco, Davide Pettenella and Mauro context) Contribute of ongoing research (A model to quantify forest fires costs) Proposal for future research (An ACF approach to stakeholders analysis) Final remarks Background Background - 1 Forest fires

  1. IEAB Independent Economic Analysis Board

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Huppert Noelwah R. Netusil JunJie Wu Cost-Effectiveness of Fish Tagging Technologies and Programs in the Columbia River Basin1 Independent Economic Analysis Board Fish and Wildlife Program Northwest Power and Conservation Council June 2, 2013 1 This report benefitted from the meetings of the Fish Tagging Forum

  2. The Economics of Energy Efficiency

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    The Economics of Energy Efficiency Winter 2013 Why does Comcast give you set-top boxes that use the adoption of more energy- efficient technologies. This course will mostly not cover the "big picture landlord insulate the attic? What makes an investment in energy efficiency attractive? How does a company

  3. Cogeneration Economics for Process Plants 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahner, D. J.

    1985-01-01

    , and indicates the performance and economic characteristics of combined cycle cogeneration applications. The Fuel Use Act (FUA) restricts the use of un renewable or premium fuels (e.g., natural gas and oil) for high-load-factor or base-load power genera...

  4. TOWARDS ESTIMATING TOTAL ECONOMIC VALUE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bateman, Ian J.

    TOWARDS ESTIMATING TOTAL ECONOMIC VALUE OF FORESTS IN MEXICO by Neil Adger Katrina Brown Raffaello OF FORESTS IN MEXICO by Neil Adger Katrina Brown Raffaello Cervigni Dominic Moran Centre for Social and SEDESOL for their assistance whilst in Mexico, and David Pearce and Kerry Turner for comments on earlier

  5. Climate Change Economics and Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Romano, Daniela

    AFRICA COLLEGE Centre for Climate Change Economics and Policy Adapting to Climate Change 3 CLIMATE...Furthermore, there is strong scientific evidence that climate change will disrupt the global economy, environment and society a growing population in a changing climate is, therefore, a major global challenge. Changes in climate

  6. Air Pollution Socio-Economic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    Traffic Air Pollution and Socio-Economic Status Gregory C Pratt PhD Kristie Ellickson PhD #12 · Relationships #12;Living near traffic increases exposure to air pollution and is associated with adverse health exposed to traffic and air pollution. They are also more vulnerable and have an increased risk of adverse

  7. IEAB Independent Economic Analysis Board

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    would be most cost effective when electricity prices are high. Further, reduced pumping in dry years be tailored to respond to contingencies such as electricity price surges and unusually dry weather. Inclusion of Instream Water Supply Components of the Salmon Creek Project Independent Economic Analysis Board Northwest

  8. Economics, Mathematics, Statistics MONTANA STATE UNIVERSITY BOZEMAN MOUNTAINS & MINDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dyer, Bill

    Economics, Mathematics, Statistics MONTANA STATE UNIVERSITY BOZEMAN MOUNTAINS & MINDS Economics The Department of Agricultural Economics and Economics offers a broad education involving the domestic, and for graduate study in economics and in related fields including business administra- tion, finance, public

  9. Environmental and Resource Economics Household Energy Demand in Urban China: Accounting for regional prices and rapid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    growth, China's energy consumption is rising at one of the fastest rates in the world, almost 8% per year, in particular, household electricity use rose by 12.6% per year, and natural gas by 19.5% in the last decade1Environmental and Resource Economics Household Energy Demand in Urban China: Accounting

  10. Forthcoming in Structural Change and Economic Dynamics Vol. 25 (June 2013), pp. 33-47

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carlini, David

    period (or after the formation of the North American Free Trade Agreement, NAFTA, in 1994), withoutForthcoming in Structural Change and Economic Dynamics Vol. 25 (June 2013), pp. 33-47 Trade of the balance of payments (BP) constraint can explain the slowdown in Mexico's growth after its trade

  11. Modeling Cotton and Winter Wheat Growth and Yield Responses to Irrigation Management in the Texas High Plains and Rolling Plains 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Attia Mohamed, Ahmed

    2014-12-17

    were negatively correlated. A modeling study was performed using the cotton growth simulation model, Cotton2K, to investigate the lint yield, WUE, and economic return responses using 31 years weather records (1980 – 2010) from the Texas Rolling Plains...

  12. The use of gypsum and a coal desulfurization by-product to ameliorate subsoil acidity for alfalfa growth 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chessman, Dennis John

    2004-09-30

    Acid soils limit the growth of aluminum-(Al) sensitive crops such as alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.). Management of acid subsoils can be difficult due to physical and economic constraints. Field experiments were conducted ...

  13. DEEP LEARNING FOR ROBUST FEATURE GENERATION IN AUDIOVISUAL EMOTION RECOGNITION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cafarella, Michael J.

    DEEP LEARNING FOR ROBUST FEATURE GENERATION IN AUDIOVISUAL EMOTION RECOGNITION Yelin Kim, Honglak features or alternatively require the use of labeled data. In this paper we focus on deep learning- actions in multimodal data. We propose and evaluate a suite of Deep Belief Network models, and demonstrate

  14. Energy and Deadline Constrained Robust Stochastic Static Resource Allocation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maciejewski, Anthony A.

    Energy and Deadline Constrained Robust Stochastic Static Resource Allocation Mark A. Oxley1 of energy and deadline constrained static resource allocation where a collection of independent tasks ("bag of tasks stochastically. This research focuses on the design of energy-constrained resource allocation

  15. Robust Neural Sliding Mode Control of Robot Manipulators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nguyen Tran Hiep [Le Quy Don University Hanoi-Vietnam (Viet Nam); Pham Thuong Cat [Institute of Information Technology, Academy of Science and Technology Vietnam (Viet Nam)

    2009-03-05

    This paper proposes a robust neural sliding mode control method for robot tracking problem to overcome the noises and large uncertainties in robot dynamics. The Lyapunov direct method has been used to prove the stability of the overall system. Simulation results are given to illustrate the applicability of the proposed method.

  16. A robust automated system elucidates mouse home cage behavioral structure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiggins, Francis

    sys- tems (e.g., energy balance, thermal status, osmotic/volume status, sleep, reproduction, defense processes. However, the capacity to identify and examine these patterns in terms of their discrete levels in mice with single gene mutations altering energy balance. The robust, automated, reproducible

  17. Bayesian System Identification and Response Predictions Robust to Modeling Uncertainty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beck, James L.

    .g. system ID, structural health monitoring, robust control, state &/or parameter estimation ) #12;33 Outline of seismic ground acceleration Finite element model with uncertain parameters Posterior analysis: During;55 System performance measure in the presence of uncertainty: Failure probability + - "Failure" t(t)iy i b i

  18. Robust Photo Retrieval Using World Semantics Hugo Liu*, Henry Lieberman*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lieberman, Henry

    ), and keyword co-occurrence statistics (Peat and Willet, 1991; Lin, 1998), as well as resources generated robust involves query expansion using a thesaurus or other lexical resource. The chief limitation a world semantic resource. The resource is automatically constructed from a large-scale freely available

  19. AUTOMATIC AND ROBUST SEMANTIC REGISTRATION OF 3D HEAD SCANS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eisert, Peter

    useful for error- prone vision techniques like stereo analysis but also for model based repairing for applications such as 3D graphics production and also for computer vision research. Laser scanners are the primeAUTOMATIC AND ROBUST SEMANTIC REGISTRATION OF 3D HEAD SCANS David C. Schneider, Peter Eisert

  20. `Glocal' Robustness Analysis and Model Discrimination for Circadian Oscillators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagner, Andreas

    Fe, New Mexico, United States of America, 6 Department of Biology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico, United States of America Abstract To characterize the behavior and robustness of cellular circuits with many unknown parameters is a major challenge for systems biology. Its difficulty

  1. CX: A Scalable, Robust Network for Parallel Computing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cappello, Peter

    CX: A Scalable, Robust Network for Parallel Computing}@cs.ucsb.edu telephone: 805.893.4383; fax: 805.893.853 Abstract CX, a network are distributed throughout the server network via a simple "diffusion" process. CX is intended as a test

  2. Robustness of amorphous silicon during the initial lithiation/ delithiation cycle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cui, Yi

    technology in applications requiring lightweight and high-power rechargeable energy storage [1Robustness of amorphous silicon during the initial lithiation/ delithiation cycle Lucas A. Berla a g h l i g h t s We probe the lithiation and delithiation behavior of amorphous silicon micropillars

  3. Innovation and robustness in complex regulatory gene networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagner, Andreas

    Innovation and robustness in complex regulatory gene networks S. Ciliberti*, O. C. Martin* , and A involves countless evolutionary innovations, a steady stream of ingenuity that has been flowing for more such innovation. Here, we examine these principles for evolutionary innovation in gene expression patterns

  4. Towards Integrated Design of a Robust Feedback Controller and Topography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Van den Hof, Paul

    Towards Integrated Design of a Robust Feedback Controller and Topography Estimator for Atomic Force of the sample topography. Dynamical uncertainties of the system pose a strong limitation on the achievable control bandwidth, and on the accuracy of the estimated topography. This contribution discusses

  5. ROBUST INTELLIGENT CONTROL OF SMALL-SCALE MECHATRONIC DEVICES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Efe, Mehmet Önder

    ROBUST INTELLIGENT CONTROL OF SMALL-SCALE MECHATRONIC DEVICES Mehmet Önder Efe1 , Lemi Dahan Acay2 and Pradeep K. Khosla3 1 Atilim University, Department of Mechatronics Engineering, ncek, 06836 Ankara, Turkey Engineering Department, Pittsburgh, PA, 15213-3890, U.S.A. e-mail: pkk@ece.cmu.edu Abstract Mechatronics

  6. Robust Beamforming for Two-Way Relay Systems 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aziz, Ahsan

    2013-08-14

    (CSI). For such a TWR, we formulate a robust optimization problem that takes into ac- count norm-bounded estimation errors in CSI and designs an optimal beamforming matrix. Realizing the fact that this problem is extremely hard to solve globally, we...

  7. Heuristics for Robust Resource Allocation of Satellite Weather Data Processing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maciejewski, Anthony A. "Tony"

    --This work considers the satellite data processing portion of a space-based weather monitoring systemHeuristics for Robust Resource Allocation of Satellite Weather Data Processing on a Heterogeneous INTRODUCTION THE space-based weather monitoring system considered in this work consists of two major components

  8. Robust Strategy for Intake Leakage Detection in Diesel Engines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Robust Strategy for Intake Leakage Detection in Diesel Engines Riccardo Ceccarelli , Philippe are provided using advanced Diesel engine developed under AMEsim. I. INTRODUCTION The modern Diesel engine has of the functioning of a air-path in a Diesel engine with exhaust gas recirculation circuit is presented. More

  9. A New Cone Programming Approach for Robust Portfolio Selection ?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-12-22

    Dec 10, 2006 ... matrix V , i.e., the factor loadings of the individual assets, are also assumed to be known ...... The resulting portfolios are held constant for the investment at each period t. Since both the robust ..... Utilities (Gas & Electric). EMR.

  10. A REMARK ON ROBUST STABILIZATION OF GENERAL ASYMPTOTICALLY CONTROLLABLE SYSTEMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sontag, Eduardo

    A REMARK ON ROBUST STABILIZATION OF GENERAL ASYMPTOTICALLY CONTROLLABLE SYSTEMS Yu. S recently by Clarke, Ledyaev, Sontag and Subbotin that any asymptotically controllable system can to measurement error. This new design relies upon a controller which incorporates an internal model of the system

  11. Robustness of Supersensitivity to Small Signals in Nonlinear Dynamical Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Changsong Zhou; C. -H. Lai

    2000-05-08

    Nonlinear dynamical systems possessing an invariant subspace can display interesting dynamical behavior, such as on-off intermittency and bubbling. This letter shows that a class of such systems have amazing features of (1) supersensitivity to small input signals and (2) robustness of the supersensitivity in the presence of noise. These features make the systems very promising as small signal detectors.

  12. Evolving robust and specialized car racing skills Julian Togelius

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Togelius, Julian

    Evolving robust and specialized car racing skills Julian Togelius Department of Computer Science/C cars around several tracks of varying difficulty. The transferability of driving skills acquired when on after a general controller is developed, otherwise it hinders evolution. It is argued that simulated car

  13. Robustness of optimal binary filters: analysis and design 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grigoryan, Artyom M

    1999-01-01

    and these are governed by parameterized probability laws. The optimal filter is found relative to these laws. Qualitatively, a filter is said to be robust when its performance degradation is acceptable for processes statistically close to the one for which it has been...

  14. HIDDENARTICULATOR MARKOV MODELS: PERFORMANCE IMPROVEMENTS AND ROBUSTNESS TO NOISE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noble, William Stafford

    HIDDEN­ARTICULATOR MARKOV MODELS: PERFORMANCE IMPROVEMENTS AND ROBUSTNESS TO NOISE Matt Richardson@cs}.washington.edu ABSTRACT A Hidden­Articulator Markov Model (HAMM) is a Hidden Markov Model (HMM) in which each state], we extended the articulatory­feature model introduced by Erler [7] by using diphone units and a new

  15. Are Export Premia Robust to Innovation Statistics? Flora Bellone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Are Export Premia Robust to Innovation Statistics? Flora Bellone Sarah Guillou Lionel Nesta pre- mium of exporters. We start by performing non parametric tests on TFP distributions on different groups of firms characterized by their export and innovation behavior. We show that the TFP distributions

  16. Robustness Analysis for the Certification of Digital Controller Implementations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pappas, George J.

    Robustness Analysis for the Certification of Digital Controller Implementations Jerome Le Ny, scheduling, and communications [29]. Usually the design of an embedded control system involves first control@seas.upenn.edu ABSTRACT Despite recent advances in the field of Networked Control Systems (NCS), the gap between

  17. A Robust Optimization Framework for Analyzing Distribution Systems with Transshipment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaudhuri, Sanjay

    A Robust Optimization Framework for Analyzing Distribution Systems with Transshipment Mabel Chou operations. Mabel Chou NUS Business School National University of Singapore Singapore 117592 Email: bizchoum Email: dscsimm@nus.edu.sg Kut C. So The Paul Merage School of Business University of California Irvine

  18. Fusion Frames and Robust Dimension Reduction Ali Pezeshki

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kutyniok, Gitta

    Fusion Frames and Robust Dimension Reduction Ali Pezeshki Princeton University Princeton, NJ 08544 fusion frame measurements in presence noise and subspace erasures. Each fusion frame mea- surement is a low-dimensional vector whose elements are inner products of an orthogonal basis for a fusion frame

  19. PHYSICAL REVIEW E 91, 042813 (2015) Robustness of spatial micronetworks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Danforth, Chris

    2015-01-01

    suited to using renewable energy resources. We study the random failures of links in small networks where and residential neighborhoods in light of the increased penetration of renew- able energy sources. Creating small and construction cost of links. Traditionally, studies of network robustness have primarily considered

  20. Minimax Design of Robust Controllers for Flexible Systems Tarunraj Singh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Tarunraj

    Minimax Design of Robust Controllers for Flexible Systems Tarunraj Singh Associate Professor to damping or natural frequency, to zero. Singh and Vadali [6] arrived at the same results of Singer] etc. Liu and Singh [2] extended this idea to nonlinear systems undergoing rest-to-rest maneuver

  1. Brief Announcement: Measuring Robustness of Superpeer Dept. of CSE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ganguly, Niloy

    in the superpeer system join and leave the network randomly without any central coordination. This churn of nodes- tice, superpeer overlay networks exhibit stable behavior against churn. However the stability the robustness of superpeer topologies in face of churn and at- tack. The main contribution of the paper lies

  2. ROBUST RESIDUAL VIBRATION SUPPRESSION USING IIR DIGITAL FILTERS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mavroidis, Constantinos

    ROBUST RESIDUAL VIBRATION SUPPRESSION USING IIR DIGITAL FILTERS D. Economou a , C. Mavroidis b and I. Antoniadis a a National Technical University of Athens Department of Mechanical Engineering, 9 Rutgers University, The State University of New Jersey, Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

  3. Measuring Operating System Robustness John DeVale

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koopman, Philip

    call, ways to cause task hangs within OS code, ways to cause task core dumps within OS code, failures to generate any indication of error in the presence of exceptional inputs. Approximately 1% to 3% of calls. The most prevalent sources of robustness failures were illegal pointer values, numeric overflows, and end

  4. Synchrony and entrainment properties of robust circadian oscillators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Petzold, Linda R.

    Synchrony and entrainment properties of robust circadian oscillators Neda Bagheri1,, , Stephanie R in complex biological networks. We highlight phase entrainment as a key performance measure used the biological clock and its environment. Thus, we introduce methods of investigating synchrony and entrainment

  5. Economics, technology, and environment in Hungary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kerekes, S. (Budapest Univ. of Economic Sciences (Hungary))

    1993-01-01

    While Western economies were making a transition away from high-polluting industries in the 1970s, Eastern European countries were making investments in industries and in mass-production technologies that are environmentally harmful and, besides, are not internationally competitive in an age of high energy and raw material costs. Recent improvements in the environment in Hungary are mostly due to the closing of these plants for purely economics reasons. As trade with the West grows, there is some danger that it will be based largely on environmentally harmful industries. In the present transition from a centrally planned economy with captive markets to a market-oriented economy, long-term investments in environmental protection must compete with more obvious and compelling short-term investments needed to counter the painful aspects of liberalization (unemployment, bankruptcy, heavy debt, etc.). Too much emphasis on environmental protection could fatally retard the transition, and too little attention to high revenue-high growth areas, such as tourism, could result in long-term environmental damage that would also defeat the process and goals of liberalization. The proposed path calls for steady, practical reforms to create the proper incentives, carried out under government supervision and with aid from external investors, lenders, and development agencies. 10 refs.

  6. Software mutational robustness Eric Schulte Zachary P. Fry Ethan Fast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weimer, Westley

    · Stephanie Forrest Received: 30 November 2012 Ó Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013 Abstract to software developer's edits, hacks and accidents, and those that survived the economic pressures

  7. Essays in Public Economics and Development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gerard, Francois

    2013-01-01

    of the growth in energy demand is forecast to come from themost of the growth in energy demand is forecast to come from

  8. Variables Affecting Economic Development of Wind Energy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lantz, E.; Tegen, S.

    2008-07-01

    NREL's JEDI Wind model performed an analysis of wind-power-related economic development drivers. Economic development benefits for wind and coal were estimated using NREL's JEDI Wind and JEDI Coal models.

  9. Essays in experimental and development economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Healy, Andrew J

    2005-01-01

    This thesis is a collection of three essays on economic development and experimental economics. In Chapter 1, I present experimental evidence about how Thais treat information from domestic and foreign sources. Thai students ...

  10. Essays on conflict, cooperation and economic development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ralston, Laura R. (Laura Rosalind)

    2013-01-01

    This dissertation consists of three chapters on topics relating to conflict, social cooperation and development economics. Several studies have identified the impact of adverse economic shocks on civil conflict using ...

  11. Economic feasibility of bagasse charcoal in Haiti

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamimoto, Lynn K. (Lynn Kam Oi)

    2005-01-01

    The economics of implementing bagasse-based charcoal manufacturing in Haiti was investigated. From these main inputs, three different manufacturing economic scenarios were modeled using a simple, dynamic excel spreadsheet. ...

  12. Assessing the economic case for stratified medicine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goren, Amir, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2007-01-01

    The goal of this study is to explore the economic conditions that favor the joint development of therapeutics and companion diagnostics. I hypothesize that predictive biomarkers can generate economic value in drug development ...

  13. Data Center Economizer Contamination and Humidity Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shehabi, Arman

    2010-01-01

    Data Center Economizer Contamination and Humidity Studyoccupants. To investigate contamination levels, particlemethod of collecting contamination readings. The system,

  14. A Century of American Economic Review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torgler, Benno; Piatti, Marco

    2011-01-01

    Review, 70(5): 950–59. – Kuznets, Simon. 1955. “EconomicMarschak, Haberler, Kuznets, and many others. Later, as

  15. Montana State University 1 Department of Agricultural Economics &

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    Montana State University 1 Economics Department of Agricultural Economics & Economics The Bachelor of Science degree in economics stresses the use of economics as a means of understanding current economic activities and problems and their relationship to our social environment. Economics is the study

  16. Renewable Fuel Standard Potential Economic and Environmental

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Renewable Fuel Standard Potential Economic and Environmental Effects of U.S. Biofuel Policy Wallace. Burke (Cochair)2--Ecology Wallace E. Tyner (Cochair)2--Energy Economics Virginia H. Dale. Miranowski--Agricultural Economics Aristides Patrinos--Renewable Fuel Production Jerald L. Schnoor3--Water

  17. ECONOMIC EMERGENCY PROGRAM International Falls Plant Shutdown

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    . announced plans to shut down two of the four paper machines at its International Falls paper millECONOMIC EMERGENCY PROGRAM International Falls Plant Shutdown On Thursday, May 2rd , Boise Inc with University of Minnesota Extension, has prepared this economic emergency report. WHAT IS AN ECONOMIC EMERGENCY

  18. A Coalgebraic Framework for Games in Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blumensath, Achim

    A Coalgebraic Framework for Games in Economics Achim Blumensath Department of Mathematics Technical University of Darmstadt Viktor Winschel Department of Economics University of Mannheim June 6, 2013 Abstract We present an abstract framework to compose economic games. It is sufficiently general to represent

  19. BUREAU OF COMMERCIAL BRANCH OF ECONOMICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    REPORT to the BUREAU OF COMMERCIAL FISHERIES on the BRANCH OF ECONOMICS Circular 173 UNITED STATES TO T HE BUREAU O:B-' ~ OM 11~ I ( I \\L FISHERIES ON THE BRr\\. O F ECONOMIC by James Crutchfield (Chai r was formed by the Bureau of Commercial Fisheries to review its economic program. The members of the committee

  20. ROBERT A. BLECKER Department of Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carlini, David

    ROBERT A. BLECKER Professor Department of Economics American University 4400 Massachusetts Ave., N://www.american.edu/cas/faculty/blecker.cfm Curriculum Vitae DATE: May 4, 2015 EMPLOYMENT Professor, Department of Economics, American University-present). Chair, Department of Economics, American University, Washington, DC, June 2008-July 2012

  1. IGOR KOPYLOV Associate Professor of Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al Faruque, Mohammad Abdullah

    IGOR KOPYLOV Associate Professor of Economics University of California, Irvine SSPA 3177, Social · Visiting Lecturer, New Economic School, Moscow, spring 2002 EDUCATION · University of Rochester, Ph.D. in Economics, October 2003 Thesis: 'Essays on Subjective Probability, Risk, and Ambiguity', supervised by L

  2. Page 0 of 31 Economic Impact Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crawford, T. Daniel

    estimates the economic contributions of Virginia Tech football to the New River Valley MSA and the RoanokePage 0 of 31 Economic Impact Analysis of Virginia Tech Football 2015 PREPARED BY: SARAH LYON-HILL JEFF ALWANG ADAM MAWYER PATRICK BURKE LEEANN BUDZEVSKI VIRGINIA TECH OFFICE OF ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

  3. Planning Report 04-3 Measuring Economic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Planning Report 04-3 Measuring Economic Effects of Technical Barriers to Trade on U.S. Exporters not necessarily reflect the opinions or policies of its research sponsors. Measuring Economic Effects of Technical, such as tariffs, concern has grown about the possible economic effects of technical barriers to trade (TBTs

  4. 2010 Economic Impact Study Executive Summary Preview

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rock, Chris

    2010 Economic Impact Study Executive Summary Preview The main campus of Texas Tech University estimates of the economic impact of Texas Tech University on Lubbock County in the year 2009. In addition a total economic impact of $1.26 billion per year for Lubbock County Texas Tech University helps sustain

  5. Economic Analysis for Ecosystem Service Assessments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bateman, Ian J.

    1 Economic Analysis for Ecosystem Service Assessments by Ian Bateman, Georgina Mace, Carlo Fezzi, Giles Atkinson and Kerry Turner CSERGE Working Paper EDM 10-10 #12;2 Economic Analysis for Ecosystem Turneri,2 i. Centre for Social and Economic Research on the Global Environment (CSERGE), School

  6. Economic Approaches to Understanding Scientific Norms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strevens, Michael

    Economic Approaches to Understanding Scientific Norms Michael Strevens To appear in Episteme A A theme of much work taking an "economic approach" to the study of sci- ence is the interaction between of formal methods, proponents of the economic approach offer what are in substantive terms profoundly

  7. LIFE Economics and Delivery Pathway Presentation to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LIFE Economics and Delivery Pathway Presentation to National Research Council's review is necessary (but not sufficient) for economic viability Minimumforeconomics Cost and risk to buy additional systems approach is required to develop an economically viable plant design Anklam--NAS/NAE, January 29

  8. The Economic Value of Resilient Coastal Communities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2 The Economic Value of Resilient Coastal Communities LAST REVISED 3/18/2013 NOAA activities support science, service, and stewardship that protect life, health, and property and create economic value, income, and jobs. Across the agency, we have begun collecting data on the economic importance

  9. ECONOMICS TUTORS (Updated 09/30/14)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McQuade, D. Tyler

    ECONOMICS TUTORS (Updated 09/30/14) 2014-2015 ACADEMIC YEAR This list of tutors is provided by the Economics Department for those students expressing a desire/need for tutoring. Those on the list have not been screened, but are graduate students in Economics who have indicated a willingness/ability to tutor

  10. The Economics of a Technology-Based

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    98-2 Planning Report The Economics of a Technology-Based Service Sector Prepared by: TASC, Inc. for National Institute of Standards & Technology Program Office Strategic Planning and Economic Analysis Group January 1998 U.S Department of Commerce Technology Administration #12;#12;THE ECONOMICS OF A TECHNOLOGY

  11. Reduction of Economic Inequality in Combinatorial Domains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koolen, Marijn

    for assessing the fairness of a mechanism is the level of economic equality it can ensure. If it producesReduction of Economic Inequality in Combinatorial Domains Ulle Endriss Institute for Logic economic inequality, such as the Lorenz curve and the Gini index, are widely used in the social sciences

  12. Carnegie Mellon University 1 Undergraduate Economics Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spirtes, Peter

    ://tepper.cmu.edu/prospective-students/undergraduate/economics At its most fundamental level, economics is the study of how scarce resources are allocated. What School of Business and the Dietrich College of Humanities and Social Sciences. The combination. Undergraduate economics students should consult the program's website and handbook for details about applicable

  13. Renewable Energy Growth Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In 2014, Act H 7727 created the Renewable Energy Growth (REG) program with the goal to promote installation of grid connected renewable energy within the load zones of electric distribution...

  14. FGF growth factor analogs

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Zamora, Paul O. (Gaithersburg, MD); Pena, Louis A. (Poquott, NY); Lin, Xinhua (Plainview, NY); Takahashi, Kazuyuki (Germantown, MD)

    2012-07-24

    The present invention provides a fibroblast growth factor heparin-binding analog of the formula: ##STR00001## where R.sub.1, R.sub.2, R.sub.3, R.sub.4, R.sub.5, X, Y and Z are as defined, pharmaceutical compositions, coating compositions and medical devices including the fibroblast growth factor heparin-binding analog of the foregoing formula, and methods and uses thereof.

  15. Next Generation Robust Low Noise Seismometer for Nuclear Monitoring

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abramovich, Igor A.

    2013-06-20

    Implementation of the proposed seismometers turned out to be much more challenging than anticipated. The noise levels achieved are indeed well below those ever featured by any electrochemical sensor and just very nearly miss reaching the original objectives. However, while noise-wise the instruments could still prove their usefulness, especially considering their robustness and no-maintenance operation, the implementation of the proposed noise-reduction concept resulted in much larger and heavier devices than originally expected. Moreover, these large dimensions relate only to single-component vertical sensors. While building similar horizontal component is possible, the resulting three-component instrument would be way too large and heavy to be of any practical use. The prototype instruments developed and built retained the inherent advantages of the electrochemical seismometers: no maintenance operation; ability to perform with large installation tilts; and, unfortunately, to a much lesser extent in terms of robustness.

  16. Robust quantum random number generator based on avalanche photodiodes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fang-Xiang Wang; Chao Wang; Wei Chen; Shuang Wang; Fu-Sheng Lv; De-Yong He; Zhen-Qiang Yin; Hong-Wei Li; Guang-Can Guo; Zheng-Fu Han

    2015-06-18

    We propose and demonstrate a scheme to realize a high-efficiency truly quantum random number generator (RNG) at room temperature (RT). Using an effective extractor with simple time bin encoding method, the avalanche pulses of avalanche photodiode (APD) are converted into high-quality random numbers (RNs) that are robust to slow varying noise such as fluctuations of pulse intensity and temperature. A light source is compatible but not necessary in this scheme. Therefor the robustness of the system is effective enhanced. The random bits generation rate of this proof-of-principle system is 0.69 Mbps with double APDs and 0.34 Mbps with single APD. The results indicate that a high-speed RNG chip based on the scheme is potentially available with an integrable APD array.

  17. Robust Collimation Control of Laser-Generated Ion Beam

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kawata, S; Kamiyama, D; Nagashima, T; Barada, D; Gu, Y J; Li, X; Yu, Q; Kong, Q; Wang, P X

    2015-01-01

    The robustness of a structured collimation device is discussed for an intense-laser-produced ion beam. In this paper the ion beam collimation is realized by the solid structured collimation device, which produces the transverse electric field; the electric field contributes to reduce the ion beam transverse velocity and collimate the ion beam. Our 2.5 dimensional particle-in cell simulations demonstrate that the collimation device is rather robust against the changes in the laser parameters and the collimation target sizes. The intense short-pulse lasers are now available, and are used to generate an ion beam. The issues in the laser ion acceleration include an ion beam collimation, ion energy spectrum control, ion production efficiency, ion energy control, ion beam bunching, etc. The laser-produced ion beam tends to expand in the transverse and longitudinal directions during the ion beam propagation. The ion beam collimation is focused in this paper.

  18. Robust Decision-making Applied to Model Selection

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hemez, Francois M. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2012-08-06

    The scientific and engineering communities are relying more and more on numerical models to simulate ever-increasingly complex phenomena. Selecting a model, from among a family of models that meets the simulation requirements, presents a challenge to modern-day analysts. To address this concern, a framework is adopted anchored in info-gap decision theory. The framework proposes to select models by examining the trade-offs between prediction accuracy and sensitivity to epistemic uncertainty. The framework is demonstrated on two structural engineering applications by asking the following question: Which model, of several numerical models, approximates the behavior of a structure when parameters that define each of those models are unknown? One observation is that models that are nominally more accurate are not necessarily more robust, and their accuracy can deteriorate greatly depending upon the assumptions made. It is posited that, as reliance on numerical models increases, establishing robustness will become as important as demonstrating accuracy.

  19. Optimal policy structure in natural resource and environmental economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LaRiviere, Jacob Sean

    2010-01-01

    and Environmental Economics. Addison-Wesley. Pimentel, D. ,and Environmental Economics A dissertation submitted inDoctor of Philosophy in Economics by Jacob Sean LaRiviere

  20. The economic and social impact of the University of Kent

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Banaji,. Murad

    1 The economic and social impact of the University of Kent Economic Impact Results .................................................. 4 The local economic impact of the University on the Canterbury and Medway