National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for road oil physical

  1. A Fork in the Road We stand at a fork in the road. Conventional oil and gas supplies are limited. We can move

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hansen, James E.

    A Fork in the Road We stand at a fork in the road. Conventional oil and gas supplies are limited the dirtiest tar sands and tar shales, hydrofracking for gas, continued mountain-top removal and mechanized change. Fossil fuel moguls get richer, we get poorer. Our children are screwed. Our well-oiled coal

  2. Oil Classification with Fluorescence Spectroscopy Engineering Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oldenburg, Carl von Ossietzky Universität

    detected by these channels. The investigation used three methods to examine crude oil, heavy oil, sludge1 Oil Classification with Fluorescence Spectroscopy Engineering Physics Master of Engineering and classification of oil spills on water surfaces. It is an overview of the laser remote sensor technique

  3. Progress report Idaho on-road test with vegetable oil as a diesel fuel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reece, D.; Peterson, C.L.

    1993-12-31

    Biodiesel is among many biofuels being considered in the US for alternative fueled vehicles. The use of this fuel can reduce US dependence on imported oil and help improve air quality by reducing gaseous and particulate emissions. Researchers at the Department of Agricultural Engineering at the University of Idaho have pioneered rapeseed oil as a diesel fuel substitute. Although UI has conducted many laboratory and tractor tests using raw rapeseed oil and rape methyl ester (RME), these fuels have not been proven viable for on-road applications. A biodiesel demonstration project has been launched to show the use of biodiesel in on-road vehicles. Two diesel powered pickups are being tested on 20 percent biodiesel and 80 percent diesel. One is a Dodge 3/4-ton pickup powered by a Cummins 5.9 liter turbocharged and intercooled engine. This engine is direct injected and is being run on 20 percent RME and 80 percent diesel. The other pickup is a Ford, powered by a Navistar 7.3 liter, naturally aspirated engine. This engine has a precombustion chamber and is being operated on 20 percent raw rapeseed oil and 80 percent diesel. The engines themselves are unmodified, but modifications have been made to the vehicles for the convenience of the test. In order to give maximum vehicle range, fuel mixing is done on-board. Two tanks are provided, one for the diesel and one for the biodiesel. Electric fuel pumps supply fuel to a combining chamber for correct proportioning. The biodiesel fuel tanks are heated with a heat exchanger which utilizes engine coolant circulation.

  4. Particle Physics Phenomenology 12. Various applications and the road ahead

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sjöstrand, Torbjörn

    (MPI, colour flow), even in scenarios for physics Beyond the Standard Model (BSM) production of new hadronization Each string piece can break, mainly to give mesons. Always one baryon around junction; junction;The junction What string topology for 3 quarks in overall colour singlet? One possibility

  5. Physical and mechanical properties of bituminous mixtures containing oil shales

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Katamine, N.M.

    2000-04-01

    Rutting of bituminous surfaces on the Jordanian highways is a recurring problem. Highway authorities are exploring the use of extracted shale oil and oil shale fillers, which are abundant in Jordan. The main objectives of this research are to investigate the rheological properties of shale oil binders (conventional binder with various percentages of shale oil), in comparison with a conventional binder, and to investigate the ability of mixes to resist deformation. The latter is done by considering three wearing course mixes containing three different samples of oil shale fillers--which contained three different oil percentages--together with a standard mixture containing limestone filler. The Marshall design method and the immersion wheel tracking machine were adopted. It was concluded that the shale oil binders displayed inconsistent physical properties and therefore should be treated before being used. The oil shale fillers have provided mixes with higher ability to resist deformation than the standard mix, as measured by the Marshall quotients and the wheel tracking machine. The higher the percentages of oil in the oil shale fillers, the lower the ability of the mixes to resist deformation.

  6. Optical and Physical Properties from Primary On-Road Vehicle Particle Emissions And Their Implications for Climate Change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Optical and Physical Properties from Primary On-Road Vehicle Particle Emissions between light duty gasoline vehicles and diesel trucks. Cross-section emission factors for optical size distributions and optical properties were insensitive to increases in relative humidity to values

  7. ELLESMERE ROAD ELLESMERE ROAD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boonstra, Rudy

    ELLESMERE ROAD ELLESMERE ROAD M ILITARY TRAIL PARKING PARKING PARKING PARKING PARKING CC SL AA SW SW - Science Wing AccessAbility Services Police & Parking Service Leigha Lee Browne Theatre SRC

  8. Spreading of crude petroleum in brash ice; Effects of oil`s physical properties and water current

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sayed, M.; Kotlyar, L.S.; Sparks, B.D.

    1994-12-31

    Experiments were conducted in a refrigerated, circulating current flume to examine crude oil spreading in brash ice. Amauligak, Hibernia and Norman Wells crudes were tested. Measurements of the physical properties of the oils were also conducted, including: surface and interfacial tensions as well as viscosities. Spreading coefficients were calculated from measured surface and interfacial tensions. Results were obtained for original and weathered oils. For the spreading tests, spill volumes up to 3 liters and water currents up to 0.55 m/s were used. Tests were done using both fresh water ice and saline ice. Slick dimensions were measured, and modes of oil spreading were observed. Slick dimensions depended on oil type, but were not influenced by water current. Oils of high spreading coefficient and low viscosity spread over larger areas than those with low spreading coefficient and high viscosity.

  9. Physical, Chemical & Biological Processes of the Environment A Systems Approach to Solving Environmental Problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    drilling for oil in the Great Lakes or Is fracking an environmental risk? 16 3 Biological sciences, pathogens, road salt or lead in drinking water. 22 17 Physical sciences: Water cycle and hydrology. 23 19

  10. New directions for gravitational wave physics via "Millikan oil drops"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raymond Y. Chiao

    2009-04-29

    "Millikan oil drops" are drops of superfluid helium coated with electrons, and levitated in a strong, inhomogeneous magnetic field. When the temperature of the system becomes very low compared to the cyclotron gap energy, the system remains in its quantum ground state. Two such levitated charged drops can have their charge-to-mass ratio critically adjusted so that the forces of gravity and electricity between the drops are in balance. Then it is predicted that the amount of scattered electromagnetic and gravitational radiation from the drops are equalized, along with these two kinds of forces. The cross sections for the scattering of the two kinds of radiation can become large, hard-sphere cross-sections at the first Mie resonance, due to the hard-wall boundary conditions on the surfaces of the spheres for both kinds of radiations. An efficient quantum transduction process between electromagnetic and gravitational radiation by such a pair of drops is predicted at microwave frequencies, and a Hertz-like experiment is proposed. A more practical implementation of these ideas to use pairs of levitated, charged superconducting spheres is briefly discussed.

  11. A review of the chemical and physical mechanisms of the storage stability of fast pyrolysis bio-oils

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Diebold, J.P.

    1999-01-27

    Understanding the fundamental chemical and physical aging mechanisms is necessary to learn how to produce a bio-oil that is more stable during shipping and storage. This review provides a basis for this understanding and identifies possible future research paths to produce bio-oils with better storage stability.

  12. Distributed road assessment system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Beer, N. Reginald; Paglieroni, David W

    2014-03-25

    A system that detects damage on or below the surface of a paved structure or pavement is provided. A distributed road assessment system includes road assessment pods and a road assessment server. Each road assessment pod includes a ground-penetrating radar antenna array and a detection system that detects road damage from the return signals as the vehicle on which the pod is mounted travels down a road. Each road assessment pod transmits to the road assessment server occurrence information describing each occurrence of road damage that is newly detected on a current scan of a road. The road assessment server maintains a road damage database of occurrence information describing the previously detected occurrences of road damage. After the road assessment server receives occurrence information for newly detected occurrences of road damage for a portion of a road, the road assessment server determines which newly detected occurrences correspond to which previously detected occurrences of road damage.

  13. A study of the effects of enhanced oil recovery agents on the quality of Strategic Petroleum Reserves crude oil. [Physical and chemical interactions of Enhanced Oil Recovery reagents with hydrocarbons present in petroleum

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kabadi, V.N.

    1992-10-01

    The project was initiated on September 1, 1990. The objective of the project was to carry out a literature search to estimate the types and extents of long time interactions of enhanced oil recovery (EOR) agents, such as surfactants, caustics and polymers, with crude oil. This information is necessary to make recommendations about mixing EOR crude oil with crude oils from primary and secondary recovery processes in the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR). Data were sought on both adverse and beneficial effects of EOR agents that would impact handling, transportation and refining of crude oil. An extensive literature search has been completed, and the following informations has been compiled: (1) a listing of existing EOR test and field projects; (2) a listing of currently used EOR agents; and (3) evidence of short and long term physical and chemical interactions of these EOR-agents with hydrocarbons, and their effects on the quality of crude oil at long times. This information is presented in this report. Finally some conclusions are derived and recommendations are made. Although the conclusions are based mostly on extrapolations because of lack of specific data, it is recommended that the enhancement of the rates of biodegradation of oil catalyzed by the EOR agents needs to be further studied. There is no evidence of substantial long term effects on crude oil because of other interactions. Some recommendations are also made regarding the types of studies that would be necessary to determine the effect of certain EOR agents on the rates of biodegradation of crude oil.

  14. Shear velocity as the function of frequency in heavy oils De-hua Han and Jiajin Liu, Rock Physics Lab, UH;

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shear velocity as the function of frequency in heavy oils De-hua Han and Jiajin Liu, Rock Physics of heavy oils is discussed based on the measured data in our lab. Havriliak and Negami (HN) model is suggested to describe the frequency dispersion of heavy oils. Introduction The velocity behavior in heavy

  15. J.B. PENDRY -CURRICULUM VITAE Address:Department of Physics, Imperial College London, Prince Consort Road, London SW7 2AZ, UK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pendry, John

    , Prince Consort Road, London SW7 2AZ, UK telephone: 020-7594-7606 email: j.pendry@imperial.ac.uk Date

  16. Just Road Pricing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schweitzer, Lisa; Taylor, Brian D.

    2010-01-01

    Tolls and taxes can both pay to build a road. But congestionUS, road systems are financed primarily through fuel taxes,fairer than a sales tax. For a given road, how much would

  17. PHYSICAL REVIEW E 87, 012403 (2013) Layer with reduced viscosity at water-oil interfaces probed by fluorescence correlation spectroscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chan, Derek Y C

    2013-01-01

    PHYSICAL REVIEW E 87, 012403 (2013) Layer with reduced viscosity at water-oil interfaces probed-dimensional diffusion of isolated molecular tracers at the water­n-alkane interface was studied with fluorescence. INTRODUCTION Water is the most common liquid on Earth and con- stitutes a major part of living organisms

  18. Scott Stadium Stadium Road

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acton, Scott

    Scott Stadium Stadium Road Residence Hereford College Alderman Road Residence Area Aquatic illm ontSt Barracks Road Shopping Center £¤29 £¤298 £¤298 UV654 McCormick Road Residence Area Sustained Mobility Workshop Documentation - Bus Transit Prepared for: Prepared by: Legend n£ Kerchof Hall

  19. Road Infrastructure and Climate Change in Vietnam

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chinowsky, Paul

    Climate change is a potential threat to Vietnam’s development as current and future infrastructure will be vulnerable to climate change impacts. This paper focuses on the physical asset of road infrastructure in Vietnam ...

  20. Road Design Susan Handy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Handy, Susan L.

    Road Design Susan Handy TTP Orientation Seminar October 2014 #12;Lots of Pavement! #12;Level metro areas Planning Local Planning Public Works Local streets Planning Building Operating Road Design · What are the two main purposes of streets/roads/highways? · What's the main difference between streets

  1. Hampton Roads Chart 12245

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hampton Roads Chart 12245 BookletChart Commemorative Edition ­ June, 2012 A reduced scale NOAA ­ East Coast VIRGINIA HAMPTON ROADS The chart on the cover is Coast Chart No. 31, Chesapeake Bay­York River, Hampton Roads, Chesapeake Entrance, published in 1863 by the U.S. Coast and Geo- detic Survey

  2. FaradayRoad National College

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aickelin, Uwe

    FaradayRoad Southwell Hall Newark Hall National College for Teaching and Leadership Melton Hall Wollaton Road A609 Ilkeston Road A609 To University Park Campus (0.5 miles) To city centre Pedestrian/cycle route to campus To city centre To University Park Campus (0.5 mile) TriumphRoad FaradayRoad Derby Road A

  3. PIA - Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve System (Heating Oil...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Home Heating Oil Reserve System (Heating Oil) More Documents & Publications PIA - WEB Physical Security Major Application PIA - GovTrip (DOE data) PIA - WEB Unclassified...

  4. An archaeological Survey of the Proposed Royal Oil and Gas Corporation Foster Minerals D-1 Well and Access Road in the Sam Houston National Forest, San Jacinto County, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, William

    2015-06-05

    . of Corpus Christi, Texas. The project area is the Foster Minerals D-1 well and access road in the Sam Houston National Forest, San Jacinto County, Texas. This investigation was performed using the pedestrian survey method supported by shovel testing...

  5. Distributed Road Grade Estimation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johansson, Karl Henrik

    Distributed Road Grade Estimation for Heavy Duty Vehicles PER SAH LHOLM Doctoral Thesis in Automatic Control Stockholm, Sweden 2011 #12;Distributed Road Grade Estimation for Heavy Duty Vehicles PER state-of-charge control decrease the energy consumption of vehicles and increase the safety

  6. Fate of Deepwater Horizon oil in Alabama's beach system: Understanding physical evolution processes based on observational data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clement, Prabhakar

    : Available online 10 December 2014 Keywords: Oil spill Deepwater Horizon spill Beach contamination Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons Crude oil spill a b s t r a c t The impact of MC252 oil on northern Gulf of Mexico impacting these beaches was predominantly in the form of water- in-oil (W/O) emulsions, a highly viscous

  7. New directions for gravity-wave physics via "Millikan oil drops"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raymond Y. Chiao

    2007-04-06

    Pairs of Planck-mass--scale drops of superfluid helium coated by electrons (i.e., "Millikan oil drops"), when levitated in the presence of strong magnetic fields and at low temperatures, can be efficient quantum transducers between electromagnetic (EM) and gravitational (GR) radiation. A Hertz-like experiment, in which EM waves are converted at the source into GR waves, and then back-converted at the receiver from GR waves back into EM waves, should be practical to perform. This would open up observations of the gravity-wave analog of the CMB from the extremely early Big Bang, and also communications directly through the interior of the Earth.

  8. Rapid road repair vehicle

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mara, Leo M. (Livermore, CA)

    1998-01-01

    Disclosed is a rapid road repair vehicle capable of moving over a surface to be repaired at near normal posted traffic speeds to scan for and find an the high rate of speed, imperfections in the pavement surface, prepare the surface imperfection for repair by air pressure and vacuum cleaning, applying a correct amount of the correct patching material to effect the repair, smooth the resulting repaired surface, and catalog the location and quality of the repairs for maintenance records of the road surface. The rapid road repair vehicle can repair surface imperfections at lower cost, improved quality, at a higher rate of speed than was was heretofor possible, with significantly reduced exposure to safety and health hazards associated with this kind of road repair activities in the past.

  9. Rapid road repair vehicle

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mara, L.M.

    1998-05-05

    Disclosed is a rapid road repair vehicle capable of moving over a surface to be repaired at near normal posted traffic speeds to scan for and find at the high rate of speed, imperfections in the pavement surface, prepare the surface imperfection for repair by air pressure and vacuum cleaning, applying a correct amount of the correct patching material to effect the repair, smooth the resulting repaired surface, and catalog the location and quality of the repairs for maintenance records of the road surface. The rapid road repair vehicle can repair surface imperfections at lower cost, improved quality, at a higher rate of speed than was not heretofor possible, with significantly reduced exposure to safety and health hazards associated with this kind of road repair activities in the past. 2 figs.

  10. 5/20/09 9:14 AMPhysics in the oil sands of Alberta -Physics Today March 2009 Page 1 of 4http://ptonline.aip.org/journals/doc/PHTOAD-ft/vol_62/iss_3/31_1.shtml?type=PTFAVE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Podgornik, Rudolf

    5/20/09 9:14 AMPhysics in the oil sands of Alberta - Physics Today March 2009 Page 1 of 4http Physics in the oil sands of Alberta Physicists in forensics The extraordinary sound of the hang Obituaries New Books New Products Letters Most popular articles Physics in the oil sands of Alberta March 2009

  11. Rapid road repair vehicle

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Mara, Leo M. (Livermore, CA)

    1999-01-01

    Disclosed are improvments to a rapid road repair vehicle comprising an improved cleaning device arrangement, two dispensing arrays for filling defects more rapidly and efficiently, an array of pre-heaters to heat the road way surface in order to help the repair material better bond to the repaired surface, a means for detecting, measuring, and computing the number, location and volume of each of the detected surface imperfection, and a computer means schema for controlling the operation of the plurality of vehicle subsystems. The improved vehicle is, therefore, better able to perform its intended function of filling surface imperfections while moving over those surfaces at near normal traffic speeds.

  12. Physics Letters B 721 (2013) 229236 Contents lists available at SciVerse ScienceDirect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Magiera, Andrzej

    2013-01-01

    of Technology Indore, Khandwa Road, Indore, 452017, Madhya Pradesh, India p High Energy Physics Division

  13. Physical and chemical characteristics of an interesterified blend of butterfat and cottonseed oil with possible industrial applications 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rashidi, Nabil

    1988-01-01

    OF TABLES Table Composition of the lipid in bovine milk Page Typical fatty acid composition of butterfat and cottonseed oil Free fatty acids and acid degree values for cottonseed oil (C), butterfat (B), regular blend of butterfat and cottonseed oil... (BtC), the interesterified blend I(B+C), and the interesterified blend with BHA I(B+C)/BHA 36 Percent transmittance (532 nm) and absorbance values of five fats as a function of time . . . . . . . 39 Concentration of malonaldehyde (micromolars...

  14. The Bumpy Road to Hydrogen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sperling, Dan; Ogden, Joan M

    2006-01-01

    It appears to us that hydrogen is a highly promising option06—16 The Bumpy Road to Hydrogen Daniel Sperling Joan OgdenThe Bumpy Road to Hydrogen 1 Daniel Sperling and Joan Ogden

  15. KALELE ROAD Parking Office

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FREEWAY H1 KALELE ROAD Parking Office on ground floor Bike Rack Locations Bike Lockers BICYCLE RACK Hale Kahawai Environmental Protection Services Federal Credit Union Energy House & Safety Office Bus Shelter Bus Shelter Art Building Sustainability Courtyard Kuykendall Hall Campus Center Jakuan Tea

  16. ANNOUNCES CLOSURE ALERT ON SEARSVILLE ROAD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    : Take Campus Drive West and turn onto Stock Farm Road. Follow Stock Farm to Oak Road and make a left (North & South): Take Sand Hill Road exit, east. Turn right onto Stock Farm Road. Right turn onto Oak (North & South): Take the Embarcadero Road exit, west. Continue on Embarcadero Road to El Camino Real

  17. Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Group (PDG) Organizations American Institute of Physics (AIP) American Physical Society (APS) Institute of Physics (IOP) SPIE - International society for optics and photonics Top...

  18. An Archaeological Survey of the Proposed Famcor Oil, Inc. Well Pads, Access Road, Pipeline Routes, Electrical Line, and Telephone Line in the Sam Houston National Forest, South-Central San Jacinto County, Texas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, William; Bradle, Michael

    2015-06-05

    on November 9 and 10, 1996. This project was conducted for Famcor Oil, Inc. of Houston, Texas. The project area is located in the Sam Houston National Forest, south-central San Jacinto County, Texas. This investigation was performed using the pedestrian survey...

  19. PHYSICAL REVIEW C 87, 035204 (2013) Search for -mesic 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Magiera, Andrzej

    2013-01-01

    , 35392 Giessen, Germany 15 Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Indore, Khandwa Road, Indore 452017, Madhya Pradesh, India 16 High Energy Physics Division, Petersburg Nuclear Physics

  20. Peak Oil, Peak Energy Mother Nature Bats Last

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sereno, Martin

    Peak Oil, Peak Energy Mother Nature Bats Last Martin Sereno 1 Feb 2011 (orig. talk: Nov 2004) #12;Oil is the Lifeblood of Industrial Civilization · 80 million barrels/day, 1000 barrels/sec, 1 cubicPods to the roads themselves) · we're not "addicted to oil" -- that's like saying a person has an "addiction

  1. Wildlife Society Bulletin 2005, 33(2):745748 Peer refereed Distance sampling from roads is a common pop-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wallace, Mark C.

    Young and Priebe 1987, Borralho et al. 1996, Dahlheim et al. 2000). A critical assumption of the distance sam, but this assumption may be violated if the transect is a road (Burnham et al. 1980, Buckland et al. 2001, Williams et sites were cattle ranching interspersed with center-pivot agriculture and oil and gas development. Road

  2. Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Plasma Physics Laboratory P.O. Box 451 Princeton, NJ 08543-0451 GPS: 100 Stellarator Road Princeton, NJ 08540 www.pppl.gov 2015 Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory. A...

  3. Politics, Public Opinion, and Project Design in California Road Pricing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smirti, Megan; Evans, Alexandra; Gougherty, Michael; Morris, Eric

    2007-01-01

    public prefers new sales taxes to road to finance road andthe roads are already paid for through taxes (5). Goldsmith

  4. Road to Net Zero (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Glover, B.

    2011-05-01

    A PowerPoint presentation on NREL's Research Support Facility (RSF) and the road to achieving net zero energy for new construction.

  5. Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Physics Physics Our science answers questions about the nature of the universe and delivers solutions for national security concerns. Contact Us Division Leader Doug Fulton Deputy...

  6. President's House Price's Fork Road

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    President's House Price's Fork Road Inn at Virginia Tech and Skelton Conference Center HOKIE BIKE HUB Media Hall Fralin Biotechnology Center Greenhouses Air Conditioning Plant Southgate Center Addition Sandy South Drillfield Drive WestCampusDrive Alumni Mall Washington Street SpringRoad Sterre Perry Street Kent

  7. RESTRICTED ACCESS to Groat Road

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacMillan, Andrew

    RESTRICTED ACCESS to Dudely B Menzies Bridge to Kinsmen Park to High Level Bridge to Groat Road 89 Ave Edinboro Road Saskatchewan Drive Saskatchewan Drive Saskatchewan Drive 88 Corbett Field West Aberhart Centre Childcare Centre South Field Car Park Thermal Energy Storage Corbett Hall Canadian Blood

  8. Future of Space Astronomy: A global Road Map for the next decades

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schrijver, Karel

    Review Future of Space Astronomy: A global Road Map for the next decades Pietro Ubertini a, , Neil Institute of Fundamental Research, 400005 Mumbai, India i Department of Physics, Tokyo Institute held in Bremen, Germany in July 2010. The purpose of this Working Group was to establish a Road Map

  9. East Avenue Truck Inspection Patterson Pass Road Vasco Road

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Office to be badged Sandia National Laboratories 7011 East Avenue Livermore, CA 94551 Tesla Road Interstate 580 - From OaklandSan Francisco Map Not to Scale Map Not to Scale To...

  10. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VISUALIZATION AND COMPUTER GRAPHICS, VOL. 16, NO. 5, SEPTEMBER/OCTOBER 2010 1 Transforming GIS Data into Functional Road

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    North Carolina at Chapel Hill, University of

    Transforming GIS Data into Functional Road Models for Large-Scale Traffic Simulation David Wilkie, Jason Sewall that models road networks around the world as polylines with attributes. In this form, the data physical infrastructure. In this paper, we propose an efficient method for enhancing a road map from a GIS

  11. Understanding Road Usage Patterns in Urban Areas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    decreases the roads' level of service, while at the same time increasing both fuel consump- tion5Understanding Road Usage Patterns in Urban Areas Pu Wang1,2 , Timothy Hunter4 , Alexandre M. Bayen4 patterns in urban road usage. We find that the major usage of each road segment can be traced to its own

  12. PHYSICAL REVIEW C 88, 055208 (2013) Measurement of the pn pp0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Magiera, Andrzej

    2013-01-01

    , 35392 Giessen, Germany 16 Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Indore, Khandwa Road, Indore 452017, Madhya Pradesh, India 17 High Energy Physics Division, Petersburg Nuclear Physics

  13. PHYSICAL REVIEW C 88, 014004 (2013) Investigation of the dd 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Magiera, Andrzej

    2013-01-01

    , 35392 Giessen, Germany 16 Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Indore, Khandwa Road, Indore 452017, Madhya Pradesh, India 17 High Energy Physics Division, Petersburg Nuclear Physics

  14. Yilun Jiang 220 Handan Road

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paytan, Adina

    Yilun Jiang 220 Handan Road Shanghai 200433, China telephone: 86- 21- 5566- 4267 mobile phone: 86., Zhuang, G., Lin, Y., Li, J., Jiang, Y., Fu, J. S.: The emissions of fine organic aerosol from

  15. Respiratory Protective 231 Corstorphine Road

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Respiratory Protective Equipment 231 Corstorphine Road Edinburgh EH12 7AT www.forestry.gov.uk J U to sustain life. · The equipment used must be suitable for the intended purpose. This means it must provide

  16. Crude Oil Analysis Database

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Shay, Johanna Y.

    The composition and physical properties of crude oil vary widely from one reservoir to another within an oil field, as well as from one field or region to another. Although all oils consist of hydrocarbons and their derivatives, the proportions of various types of compounds differ greatly. This makes some oils more suitable than others for specific refining processes and uses. To take advantage of this diversity, one needs access to information in a large database of crude oil analyses. The Crude Oil Analysis Database (COADB) currently satisfies this need by offering 9,056 crude oil analyses. Of these, 8,500 are United States domestic oils. The database contains results of analysis of the general properties and chemical composition, as well as the field, formation, and geographic location of the crude oil sample. [Taken from the Introduction to COAMDATA_DESC.pdf, part of the zipped software and database file at http://www.netl.doe.gov/technologies/oil-gas/Software/database.html] Save the zipped file to your PC. When opened, it will contain PDF documents and a large Excel spreadsheet. It will also contain the database in Microsoft Access 2002.

  17. Low-Grade Cotton Collects 50 Times Its Weight in Oil http://dailyfusion.net/2014/08/low-grade-cotton-collects-oil-30972/[9/2/2014 4:11:41 PM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rock, Chris

    Low-Grade Cotton Collects 50 Times Its Weight in Oil http://dailyfusion.net/2014/08/low-grade-cotton-collects-oil in Oil August 4, 2014 @ 12:57 EDT Tweet 7 17 1 38 Like Deepwater Horizon oil spill: The oil slick as seen Channel Electricity Through Air Tucker Oil Co Inc tuckeroil.net Off-Road and Highway Diesel Fuel, Propane

  18. Oil fields and Hilbert schemes Lorenzo Robbiano, Genova (Italy)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robbiano, Lorenzo

    Oil fields and Hilbert schemes Lorenzo Robbiano, Genova (Italy) In the realm of polynomial algebra measures of physical quantities in an oil field, see http://staff.fim.uni-passau.de/algebraic-oil

  19. Effect of carbonization temperature on the physical and electrochemical properties of supercapacitor electrode from fibers of oil palm empty fruit bunches

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ishak, M. M.; Deraman, M. Talib, I. A.; Basri, N. H.; Omar, R.; Nor, N. S. M.; Dolah, B. N. M.; Awitdrus,; Farma, R.; Taer, E.

    2015-04-16

    Self-adhesive carbon grains (SACG) was prepared from fibers of oil palm empty fruit bunches. The SACG green monoliths were carbonized in N{sub 2} environment at 400, 500, 600 and 700°C to produce carbon monoliths labeled as CM1, CM2, CM3 and CM4 respectively. The CMs were activated in CO{sub 2} surrounding at 800°C for 1 hour to produce activated carbon monolith electrodes (ACM1, ACM2, ACM3 and ACM4). The physical properties of the CMs and ACMs were investigated using X-ray diffraction, field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) and N{sub 2} adsorption-desorption isotherm techniques. ACMs were used as electrode to fabricate symmetry supercapacitor cells and the cells’ performances were investigated using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), cyclic voltammetry (CV) and galvanostatic charge-discharge (GCD) standard techniques. In this paper we report the physical and electrochemical properties of the ACM electrodes by analyzing the influence of the carbonization temperature on these properties.

  20. Physics Letters B 726 (2013) 187193 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Magiera, Andrzej

    2013-01-01

    , 35392 Giessen, Germany q Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Indore, Khandwa Road, Indore 452017, Madhya Pradesh, Ind

  1. ND Atomic Physics/04/06 Third-order many-body perturbation theory calculations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Walter R.

    - Electronic address: hho1@nd.edu; present address: NCTS (Physics Division), 101 Sec. 2 Kuang Fu Road, Hsinchu

  2. China's Global Oil Strategy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Bryan G

    2009-01-01

    growth. For data on world oil consumption and long- term oilOil Production Domestic Oil Consumption a variety of

  3. Fuel Oil",,,"Fuel Oil Consumption",,"Fuel Oil Expenditures"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    1. Total Fuel Oil Consumption and Expenditures, 1999" ,"All Buildings Using Fuel Oil",,,"Fuel Oil Consumption",,"Fuel Oil Expenditures" ,"Number of Buildings (thousand)","Floorspac...

  4. Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory ofDid youOxygen Generation | Center for GasPhysics Physics Print Because a

  5. BOARD OF DIRECTORS UCHCFC CIRCLE ROAD CORP.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    was also notified that the IRS issued a determination that the Circle Road Corp was tax exempt underBOARD OF DIRECTORS OF THE UCHCFC CIRCLE ROAD CORP. MINUTES OF THE SEPTEMBER 29, 2014 MEETING BOARD

  6. WAMweisman art museum 333 east river road

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, David D.

    WAMweisman art museum press release 333 east river road minneapolis, MN 55455 www government that allowed tax-supported institutions (like the University of Minnesota) to acquire these works: The Weisman is located at 333 E. River Road in

  7. Effects of weaving on frontage road operations 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacobson, Marc Stuart

    1997-01-01

    Frontage roads parallel to freeways provide access to development adjacent to the freeway while maintaining the primary mobility function of the main lanes. Weaving occurs on frontage roads as exiting vehicles attempt to reach access points...

  8. Texas Toll Road Primer Final Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas Toll Road Primer Final Report PRC 14-3 F #12;Texas Toll Road Primer Texas A&M Transportation ............................................................................................... 11 Texas Legislation and Tolling............................................................ 25 Comparing Texas Toll Facilities to the Nation

  9. QUAD RESIDENCE POND ROAD/SENTINEL ROAD LOT CONSTRUCTION August 21, 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    QUAD RESIDENCE POND ROAD/SENTINEL ROAD LOT CONSTRUCTION August 21, 2014 Further to the notice issued on July 25 in regards to changes to the Sentinel and Pond Road parking lots flowing from the Quad and the Pond Road parking lots. Effective September 1, 2014 the remaining southern portion of the Sentinel

  10. UMTS on the Road: Broadcasting Intelligent Road Safety Information via MBMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zemen, Thomas

    UMTS on the Road: Broadcasting Intelligent Road Safety Information via MBMS Danilo Valerio, Fabio, intersection safety, road congestion warning, accident warning, etc. All these services aim at increasing road resources imposing a severe limit to the sustainable number of users. In this work we quantify this limit

  11. Forest Roads June 3, 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bolding, M. Chad

    or encroach on streamside management zones (SMZs). Best Management Practices (BMP) compliance checks and streamside management zones will also be covered. This course is designed for foresters, timber buyers with numerous classroom and field exercises designed to improve the skills used in timber ac- cess road planning

  12. Virtual Scanning Algorithm for Road Network Surveillance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jeong, Jaehoon "Paul"

    Virtual Scanning Algorithm for Road Network Surveillance Jaehoon Jeong, Student Member, IEEE, Yu Gu a VIrtual Scanning Algorithm (VISA), tailored and optimized for road network surveillance. Our design roadways and 2) the road network maps are normally known. We guarantee the detection of moving targets

  13. The impact of alternative oil spill cleanup responses on Spartina alterniflora 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kiesling, Russell Wayne

    1987-01-01

    gallons or greater have impacted salt marshes along Snake Island, Clear Credo, Dickinson Bayou, and Bolivar Roads. The Galveston Bay system likely represents a typical bay system where accidental discharge of oil occasionally enters salt marsh habitat...

  14. Oil shale: Technology status report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1986-10-01

    This report documents the status of the US Department of Energy's (DOE) Oil Shale Program as of the end of FY 86. The report consists of (1) a status of oil shale development, (2) a description of the DOE Oil Shale Program, (3) an FY 86 oil shale research summary, and (4) a summary of FY 86 accomplishments. Discoveries were made in FY 86 about the physical and chemical properties and behavior of oil shales, process chemistry and kinetics, in situ retorting, advanced processes, and the environmental behavior and fate of wastes. The DOE Oil Shale Program shows an increasing emphasis on eastern US oil shales and in the development of advanced oil shale processing concepts. With the award to Foster Wheeler for the design of oil shale conceptual plants, the first step in the development of a systems analysis capability for the complete oil shale process has been taken. Unocal's Parachute Creek project, the only commercial oil shale plant operating in the United States, is operating at about 4000 bbl/day. The shale oil is upgraded at Parachute Creek for input to a conventional refinery. 67 refs., 21 figs., 3 tabs.

  15. Selected Abstracts & Bibliography of International Oil Spill Research, through 1998

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Louisiana Applied Oil Spill Research & Development Program Electronic Bibliography

    1998-01-01

    and incineration. A plant treating API-separator and flotation sludgesincineration, landfarming, liquefacation process, oil waste, oxidation reaction, physical property, physical separation, pollution control, prior treatment, reclaiming, sludge,

  16. KALELE ROAD D Dormitory Lot

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FREEWAY H1 KALELE ROAD VV D D D D D D D D D U U U U U U U U U U C C U U U U A A A A A A A C C C VV Kuahine Hale Kahawai Environmental Protection Services Federal Credit Union Energy House & Safety Office Shelter Art Building Sustainability Courtyard Kuykendall Hall UH Bookstore Jakuan Tea House Sinclair

  17. Estimation of dynamic petrophysical properties of water-bearing sands invaded with oil-base mud from multi-physics borehole geophysical measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torres-Verdín, Carlos

    Estimation of dynamic petrophysical properties of water-bearing sands invaded with oil-base mud, capillary pressure, and relative permeability of water-bearing sands invaded with oil-base mud (OBM) from-saturated sands are used for calibration of equivalent properties in hydrocarbon-bearing sands within the same

  18. The creation of dominant firm market power in the coconut oil export market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buschena, David E.; Perloff, Jeffrey M

    1990-01-01

    Optimality Equation (Price of coconut exports) Coefficientof the physical characteristics of coconut and palm oil.Coconut and palm oils. however. stili possess certain

  19. East Avenue Truck Inspection Patterson Pass Road Vasco Road

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submitKansas Nuclear Profile 2010Mesoscopy andSaving onEarth Day EarthVasco Road

  20. Decommissioning abandoned roads to protect fish

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Decommissioning-abandoned-roads-to-protect-fish Sign In About | Careers | Contact | Investors | bpa.gov Search News & Us Expand News & Us Projects & Initiatives Expand Projects...

  1. Oil shale, tar sands, and related materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stauffer, H.C.

    1981-01-01

    This sixteen-chapter book focuses on the many problems and the new methodology associated with the commercialization of the oil shale and tar sand industry. Topics discussed include: an overview of the Department of Energy's oil shale R, D, and D program; computer simulation of explosive fracture of oil shale; fracturing of oil shale by treatment with liquid sulfur dioxide; chemistry of shale oil cracking; hydrogen sulfide evolution from Colorado oil shale; a possible mechanism of alkene/alkane production in oil shale retorting; oil shale retorting kinetics; kinetics of oil shale char gasification; a comparison of asphaltenes from naturally occurring shale bitumen and retorted shale oils: the influence of temperature on asphaltene structure; beneficiation of Green River oil shale by density methods; beneficiation of Green River oil shale pelletization; shell pellet heat exchange retorting: the SPHER energy-efficient process for retorting oil shale; retorted oil shale disposal research; an investigation into the potential economics of large-scale shale oil production; commercial scale refining of Paraho crude shale oil into military specification fuels; relation between fuel properties and chemical composition; chemical characterization/physical properties of US Navy shale-II fuels; relation between fuel properties and chemical composition: stability of oil shale-derived jet fuel; pyrolysis of shale oil residual fractions; synfuel stability: degradation mechanisms and actual findings; the chemistry of shale oil and its refined products; the reactivity of Cold Lake asphaltenes; influence of thermal processing on the properties of Cold Lake asphaltenes: the effect of distillation; thermal recovery of oil from tar sands by an energy-efficient process; and hydropyrolysis: the potential for primary upgrading of tar sand bitumen.

  2. Civil Engineering students learn to apply mathematics, physical sciences, and fundamentals of engineering mechanics to research, plan, design, construct, manage, and maintain one-of-a-kind infrastructure systems such as roads, airports, tunnels, bridges,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bustamante, Fabián E.

    Civil Engineering students learn to apply mathematics, physical sciences, and fundamentals.S. WANT TO LEARN MORE? Take: Engineering Analysis 205-2; Civ Env 216 Join: American Society of Civil Brandis, `15 RECENT ALUMNUS The NU Civil Engineering program develops your skillset to differentiate you

  3. ,"Fuel Oil Consumption",,,"Fuel Oil Expenditures"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    4. Fuel Oil Consumption and Expenditure Intensities for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003" ,"Fuel Oil Consumption",,,"Fuel Oil Expenditures" ,"per Building (gallons)","per Square Foot...

  4. ,"Fuel Oil Consumption",,,"Fuel Oil Expenditures"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    2. Fuel Oil Consumption and Expenditure Intensities, 1999" ,"Fuel Oil Consumption",,,"Fuel Oil Expenditures" ,"per Building (gallons)","per Square Foot (gallons)","per Worker...

  5. A Road Through Mali-Kuli: A Novel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dobson, Tracy

    2002-01-01

    Review: A Road Through Mali-Kuli: A Novel By Agi KissUSA Agi Kiss. A Road Through Mali-Kuli: A Novel. Washington,mystery, A Road Through Mali-Kuli stimulates thought about

  6. On-Road Emissions in Asia Measured by Remote Sensing.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    On-Road Emissions in Asia Measured by Remote Sensing. · Donald H. Stedman, Gary A. Bishop on-road advantage · Large on-road emissions cause poor air quality. · Remote sensing measures on

  7. ENERGY STRATEGY: THE ROAD NOT TAKEN?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    ENERGY STRATEGY: THE ROAD NOT TAKEN? By Amory B. Lovins Two road5 diverged in a wood, and I-- I concepts in energy strategy by outlining and contrasting two en- ergy paths tbat the United States might. His latest books are World Energy Strategies: Facts, Issues, and Options and (with Dr. J. H. Price

  8. On-Road Motor Vehicle Emissions Measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    On-Road Motor Vehicle Emissions Measurements Worldwide -------- www.feat.biochem.du.edu Sajal S but ... Measured grams pollutant per kg of fuel from RSD -quantifiable uncertainty Fuel sales from tax department(tons/day) RSD IM MOBILE5b #12;Implications · RSD method ideal for realistic on-road mobile source emissions

  9. Title: National Road Network: Ontario Data Creator /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Title: National Road Network: Ontario Data Creator / Copyright Owner: Ontario Ministry of Natural/A Keywords (Place): Ontario Keywords (Subject): Roads Restrictions: Data are subject to the GeoBase Unrestricted Use Licence Agreement. Access: Online linkage: http://www.geobase.ca Citation: Ontario. Ministry

  10. KALELE ROAD PARKING PERMIT ZONESPARKING PERMIT ZONES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenhouses Institute for Astronomy University of Hawai`i Press Federal Credit Union Energy House & SafetyFREEWAY H1 KALELE ROAD PARKING PERMIT ZONESPARKING PERMIT ZONES 2010 - 20112010 - 2011 Parking Services Office · 2600 Campus Road, Room 014 · Honolulu, HI 96822 · www.hawaii.edu/parking · parking

  11. WAMweisman art museum 333 east river road

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, David D.

    WAMweisman art museum press release 333 east river road minneapolis, MN 55455 www per person (current Individual and Dual level members) FREE for members at the Sustainer level: The Weisman is located at 333 E. River Road in Minneapolis. There is no admission fee to the Weisman

  12. Climate policies for road transport revisited (I): Evaluation...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    policies for road transport revisited (I): Evaluation of the current framework Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Climate policies for road transport...

  13. Comparison of On-Road Portable and Bench Emission Measurements...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Comparison of On-Road Portable and Bench Emission Measurements Comparison of On-Road Portable and Bench Emission Measurements Chassis dynamometer testing using a conventional...

  14. Electricity for road transport, flexible power systems and wind...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Electricity for road transport, flexible power systems and wind power (Smart Grid Project) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name Electricity for road transport, flexible power...

  15. Essays on Macroeconomics and Oil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CAKIR, NIDA

    2013-01-01

    Oil Production . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Oil Production in Venezuela and Mexico . . . . . . . . . .Oil Production and Productivity in Venezuela and

  16. Essays on Macroeconomics and Oil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CAKIR, NIDA

    2013-01-01

    the Oil Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .in the Venezuelan Oil Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . .and Productivity: Evidence from the Oil Industry . .

  17. Multi-source Skyline Query Processing in Road Networks Ke Deng Xiaofang Zhou Heng Tao Shen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Xiaofang

    to Geographical Information Systems, to support de- cision making in the areas such as intelligent transport sys to physically move from a to b along a spatial network (e.g., roads or water systems) or on/near a terrain

  18. On-road remote sensing of vehicle emissions in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    On-road remote sensing of vehicle emissions in the Auckland Region August 2003 Technical 1877353000 www.arc.govt.nz #12;TP 198 On-Road Remote Sensing of Vehicle Emissions in the Auckland Region #12;Page i TP 198 On-Road Remote Sensing of Vehicle Emissions in the Auckland Region On-road remote sensing

  19. Research Article Effects of Roads and Crabbing Pressures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dorcas, Michael E.

    Research Article Effects of Roads and Crabbing Pressures on Diamondback Terrapin Populations tidal creeks to evaluate the current relationships between road and crabbing pressures and the abundance to proximity to roads. Sex ratios did not vary significantly with crabbing activity or proximity to roads

  20. A SENSOR AND DATA FUSION ALGORITHM FOR ROAD GRADE ESTIMATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johansson, Karl Henrik

    A SENSOR AND DATA FUSION ALGORITHM FOR ROAD GRADE ESTIMATION Per Sahlholm Henrik Jansson Ermin presents a road grade estimation algorithm for fusion of GPS and vehicle real-time sensor data, with measurements from previous runs over the same road segment. The resulting road grade estimate is thus enhanced

  1. Savage Arms Sales Office 118 Mountain Road

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    Savage Arms Sales Office 118 Mountain Road Suffield, Ct. 06078 Phone: (413) 642-4121 Fax: (860) 668 to change.) California orders will also need the Dealers CFD# Sales Tax must be added for orders shipping

  2. HCEI Road Map: 2011 Edition (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Braccio, R.; Finch, P.

    2011-08-01

    This road map outlines the 2011 key goals and strategies of the Hawaii Clean Energy Initiative, was founded based on a Memorandum of Understanding between the State of Hawaii and the U.S. Department of Energy in 2008.

  3. Campus Services 1951 East-West Road

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Campus Services 1951 East-West Road Honolulu, Hawai`i 96822 Telephone: (808) 956-2980 Fax: (808 the current economic climate and the salary cuts that many of our employees are experiencing. We arrived

  4. TUDelftLibrary A Long Road.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Vliet, Lucas J.

    TUDelftLibrary A Long Road. A Short Version. TU Delft Library: Roadmap 2014-2020 Summary #12 in this process, we are committed to achieving this mission. We fully understand that sustainable access

  5. Sarah Shannon, Director 777 Glades Road

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    Sarah Shannon, Director 777 Glades Road Building 44, Room 277 Phone:561/297-3749 Fax: 561 from the state or Florida Atlantic University. The IOG sustains itself primarily through income derived

  6. Modification of chemical and physical factors in steamflood to increase heavy oil recovery. Annual report, October 1, 1992--September 30, 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yortsos, Y.C.

    1994-10-01

    Thermal methods, and particularly steam injection, are currently recognized as the most promising for the efficient recovery of heavy oil. Despite significant progress, however, important technical issues remain open. Specifically, still inadequate is our knowledge of the complex interaction between porous media and the various fluids of thermal recovery (steam, water, heavy oil, gases, and chemicals). While, the interplay of heat transfer and fluid flow with pore- and macro-scale heterogeneity is largely unexplored. Objectives of this work contract are to carry out new studies in the following areas: displacement and flow properties of fluids involving phase change in porous media; flow properties of mobility control fluids (such as foam); and the effect of reservoir heterogeneity on thermal recovery. Specific projects address the need to improve heavy oil recovery from typical reservoirs as well as less conventional fractured reservoirs producing from vertical or horizontal wells. In the area of vapor-liquid flow, we present the continuation of work on the pore network modeling of bubble growth in porous media driven by the application of a prescribed heat flux or superheat. The scaling of bubble growth in porous media is also discussed. In another study we study the problem of steam injection in fractured systems using visualization in micromodels. The interplay of drainage, imbibition and bubble growth problems is discussed.

  7. PHYSICAL THERAPY Degree Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    Doctor of PHYSICAL THERAPY Degree Program In 1952, the University of Connecticut became the first Neag School of Education University of Connecticut 2095 Hillside Road, U-1110 Storrs, Connecticut 06269 #12;What We Look For: All applicants must meet the University of Connecticut Graduate School admission

  8. ,"Total Fuel Oil Expenditures

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    . Fuel Oil Expenditures by Census Region for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003" ,"Total Fuel Oil Expenditures (million dollars)",,,,"Fuel Oil Expenditures (dollars)" ,,,,,"per...

  9. ,"Total Fuel Oil Consumption

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    0. Fuel Oil Consumption (gallons) and Energy Intensities by End Use for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003" ,"Total Fuel Oil Consumption (million gallons)",,,,,"Fuel Oil Energy Intensity...

  10. ,"Total Fuel Oil Expenditures

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    4. Fuel Oil Expenditures by Census Region, 1999" ,"Total Fuel Oil Expenditures (million dollars)",,,,"Fuel Oil Expenditures (dollars)" ,,,,,"per Gallon",,,,"per Square Foot"...

  11. Understanding Crude Oil Prices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, James Douglas

    2008-01-01

    From EIA, “World Production of Crude Oil, NGPL, and Otherfrom EIA, “World Production of Crude Oil, NGPL, and Otherfrom EIA, “World Production of Crude Oil, NGPL, and Other

  12. ,"Total Fuel Oil Expenditures

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    A. Fuel Oil Expenditures by Census Region for All Buildings, 2003" ,"Total Fuel Oil Expenditures (million dollars)",,,,"Fuel Oil Expenditures (dollars)" ,,,,,"per Gallon",,,,"per...

  13. ,"Total Fuel Oil Consumption

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    A. Fuel Oil Consumption (gallons) and Energy Intensities by End Use for All Buildings, 2003" ,"Total Fuel Oil Consumption (million gallons)",,,,,"Fuel Oil Energy Intensity...

  14. Collaborative Lubricating Oil Study on Emissions (CLOSE) Project...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    CLOSE) Project Collaborative Lubricating Oil Study on Emissions (CLOSE) Project Extensive chemical and physical characterization performed on emissions from normal and high...

  15. Modification of chemical and physical factors in steamflood in increase heavy oil recovery. Annual report, October 1, 1994--September 30, 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yortsos, Y.C

    1996-10-01

    The objectives of this contract is to carry our fundamental research in heavy oil recovery in the following areas: displacement and flow properties of fluids involving phase change (condensation-evaporation) in porous media; flow properties of mobility control fluids (such as foam); and the effect of reservoir heterogeneity on oil recovery. The specific projects are motivated by and address the need to improve heavy oil recovery from typical reservoirs as well as less conventional fractured reservoirs. This report covers the work performed in these three areas in the past year. In the area of vapor-liquid flow we present a theoretical and numerical study of steam injection in a pore network. We characterize the displacement in terms of an effective mobility ratio and heat transfer parameters. Displacement patterns axe identified in the parameter space. In another study we discuss the problem of steam injection in fractured systems using visualization with micromodels. The interplay of drainage, imbibition and bubble growth is visualized. Conclusions are reached regarding the potential for steamflooding fractured systems. A third study focuses on the development of a pore-network model for foam formation and propagation in porous media. This model, for the first time, accounts for the fundamental mechanisms of foam propagation at the microscale and leads to the determination of various parameters that are currently treated empirically. The effect of viscous forces in displacements in heterogeneous media is described in two separate studies, one involving an extension of percolation theory to account for viscous effects, and another discussing the effect of geometry in general displacement processes.

  16. 1Copyright W. Maly SIA Road MapSIA Road Map

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maly, Wojciech P.

    Wojciech Maly Department of Electrical and Computer EngineeringDepartment of Electrical and Computer Engineering1Copyright © W. Maly SIA Road MapSIA Road Map andand DESIGN&TESTDESIGN&TEST Wojciech MalyCopyright © W. Maly ObjectiveObjective D&T Current and Future ProblemsD&T Current and Future Problems Future

  17. Road Pricing1 The Department for Transport's Feasibility Study of Road Pricing in the UK2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kelly, Frank

    that a well-targeted national road pricing scheme could achieve £10 billion worth of time savings a year, and the cost to the user of motoring has remained approximately constant ­ all measured in real terms. On economic efficiency grounds, the cost to the user of roads is too low overall, especially on congested

  18. Paraffin deposition in offshore oil production 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elphingstone, Gerald Mason

    1995-01-01

    on the interior wall of submerged oil production lines. The important parameters of paraffin deposition are identified. The completed computer simulation can be used to quantify the effects of different physical properties on paraffin deposition and therefore...

  19. The effects of mixing energy on water column oil 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rogers, Ellen Tiffany

    2001-01-01

    The rate at which an oil spill spreads will determine the extent of contamination and toxic effects that affect the environment. When spilled at sea, oil first forms a slick that is then broken into smaller oil droplets due to physical dispersion...

  20. LASER FLUOROSENSOR FOR OIL SPOT DETECTION R. Karpicza

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oldenburg, Carl von Ossietzky Universität

    of Oldenburg, Institute of Physics, D-26111 Oldenburg, Germany E-mail: vidgulb@ktl.mii.lt Oil and water kg of oil in the open sea costs about 1 Euro, in coastal waters the price is about 10 times higher suppression, oil fluorescence or contact electrical sensors have been developed [1]. Radio wave radars operate

  1. Particle Physics Phenomenology 10. Various applications and the road ahead

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sjöstrand, Torbjörn

    mechanisms (MPI, colour flow), even in BSM scenarios production of new coloured states often favoured by QCD mechanisms (MPI, colour flow), even in BSM scenarios production of new coloured states often slide 6/33 #12;Junction hadronization Each string piece can break, mainly to give mesons. Always one

  2. Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve System Heating Oil, PIA Office...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve System Heating Oil, PIA Office of Fossil Energy Headquaters Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve System Heating Oil, PIA Office of Fossil Energy...

  3. 5 World Oil Trends WORLD OIL TRENDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    's share of world crude oil production has rebound5 World Oil Trends Chapter 1 WORLD OIL TRENDS INTRODUCTION In considering the outlook for California's petroleum supplies, it is important to give attention to expecta- tions of what the world oil

  4. University of North Carolina Wilmington 601 S. College Road

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olszewski Jr., Edward A.

    University of North Carolina Wilmington 601 S. College Road Wilmington NC 28403-5951 910: University of North Carolina Wilmington Office of Scholarships and Financial Aid 601 S. College Road

  5. American Road: Clean Diesels for the Real World | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    American Road: Clean Diesels for the Real World American Road: Clean Diesels for the Real World Perspectives on clean diesels and public policy as it is developing in the US, as...

  6. Development of a routing application with a heighted road network 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vasileiadis, Konstantinos

    2007-11-17

    According to Ordnance Survey (OS), the Integrated Transport Network (ITN) layer is the definitive, most accurate and up-to-date geographic reference for Great Britain’s road structure representing all navigable roads, from ...

  7. Make Your Next Road Trip Fuel Efficient | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Efficient June 29, 2015 - 3:02pm Addthis Enjoy the open road while keeping your fuel costs low | Photo courtesy of istockphoto.comlisegagne Enjoy the open road while keeping...

  8. Forest Products Road Manual: A Handbook for Municipal Officials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    Forest Products Road Manual: A Handbook for Municipal Officials and The Forest Products Industry: University of New Hampshire Cooperative Extension with support from: Sustainable Forestry Initiative N............................................................................................................................2 Road Access

  9. On the Road with Fuel Saving Tools | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    On the Road with Fuel Saving Tools On the Road with Fuel Saving Tools May 23, 2014 - 11:07am Addthis Driving efficiently can help you save money on gas this summer.| Photo courtesy...

  10. LOW COST BIOHEATING OIL APPLICATION.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    KRISHNA,C.R.

    2003-05-01

    The report describes primarily the results of combustion tests carried out with a soy methyl ester (SME) that can be considered as a biofuel that does not quite meet the ASTM D 6751-02 specifications for biodiesel. The tests were performed in a residential boiler and a commercial boiler. Blends of the SME in distillate fuel (home heating fuel or equivalently, ASTM No.2 fuel oil) were tested in both the boilers. Similar tests had been conducted in a previous project with ASTM biodiesel blends and hence provided a comparison. Blends of the SME in ASTM No.6 oil (residual oil) were also tested in the commercial boiler using a different burner. Physical properties of the blends (in both the petroleum based fuels) were also measured. It was found that the SME blends in the distillate burned, not surprisingly, similarly to biodiesel blends. Reductions in NOx with blending of the SME were the most significant finding as before with biodiesel blends. The blends in No.6 oil also showed reductions in NOx in the commercial boiler combustion tests, though levels with No.6 blends are higher than with No.2 blends as expected. A significant conclusion from the physical property tests was that even the blending of 10% SME with the No.6 oil caused a significant reduction in viscosity, which suggests a potential direction of application of such blends.

  11. The Middle East Roads, Bridges and Tolls

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagurney, Anna

    EconomicCrisis ­ Expatriatejobscut ­ Overconges8on · DubaiWorld'sDebt ­ Slowedexpansion ­ AbuDhabiBailout #12;Negatives Low Housing#12;#12;The Middle East #12;Dubai #12;#12;#12;#12;#12;#12;Roads, Bridges and Tolls RTA Two Major longest automatic driverless system in the world Red (2009) and Green Line (2010) 87 Trains 74

  12. 35 Colovos Road Univ. of New Hampshire

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    UNHSC Gregg Hall 35 Colovos Road Univ. of New Hampshire Durham, NH 03824 603.862.3957 fax Thomas in New Hampshire showed that traditional stormwater technolo- gies failed in reducing at least one water or present unique conditions. Under new Clean Water Act Phase II rules, the Environmental Protection Agency

  13. Weisman Art Museum 333 East River Road

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, David D.

    Weisman Art Museum 333 East River Road Minneapolis, MN 55455 Contact: Erin Lauderman (612) 625 TREASURES: HIGHLIGHTS FROM THE MINNESOTA MUSEUM OF AMERICAN ART Exhibition dates: February 2 ­ May 12, 2013 MINNEAPOLIS ­ The Weisman Art Museum at the University of Minnesota, will feature the Minnesota Museum

  14. WAMweisman art museum 333 east river road

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, David D.

    WAMweisman art museum press release 333 east river road minneapolis, mn 55455 www through May 24, 2009 at the Weisman Art Museum. Changing Identity is the first-ever major U.S. exhibition the country opened itself to the West twenty years ago. Contempo- rary Vietnamese art has seen newfound

  15. WAMweisman art museum 333 east river road

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, David D.

    WAMweisman art museum press release 333 east river road minneapolis, MN 55455 www available upon request (continued) Changing Hands: Art Without Reservation Contemporary Native North American Art from the West, Northwest, and Pacific Exhibition dates: October 26, 2007­January 13, 2008

  16. weisman art museum 333 east river road

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, David D.

    weisman art museum press release 333 east river road minneapolis, mn 55455 www through January 10, 2010 Opening reception: October 23, 2009, 5­8 p.m. Minneapolis, MN--The Weisman Art from 5 to 8 p.m.. The exhibition showcases a gift to the Weisman of fifty works of art from New York

  17. WAMweisman art museum 333 east river road

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, David D.

    WAMweisman art museum press release 333 east river road minneapolis, mn 55455 www images available upon request (see last page of release) WEISMAN ART MUSEUM 2009­2010 EXHIBITION SEASON REFLECTS "ART AND THE EVERYDAY" Minneapolis, MN--Home videos posted on YouTube. Personal photos shared

  18. 5200 N. Lake Road Merced, CA 95343

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oviedo, Néstor J.

    5200 N. Lake Road Merced, CA 95343 Phone 209-228-7178 Fax 209-228-7861 E-mail: finaid on the FAFSA, not claiming the student as a dependent on a tax return, or a student's demonstration of self

  19. Finance forum.........................2 LTAP Roads Scholars.............3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    · Finance forum.........................2 · LTAP Roads Scholars.............3 · CTS Executive on page 3 Value capture continued on page 2 Current funding and finance mechanisms for transportation face completed research project led by CTS. "The project provides new financing meth- ods that are not currently

  20. Bridge Detection By Road Detection Jeff Kaufman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Danner, Andrew

    Bridge Detection By Road Detection Jeff Kaufman cbr@sccs.swarthmore.edu 1 Introduction It is useful, with local min- ima: cells from which there is no direction of descent. A common cause of this is bridges. The area over which a bridge passes shows up in the digital elevation as being of a height greater than

  1. weisman art museum 333 east river road

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, David D.

    and rules about what art should be. "Pop artists like Warhol were using ordinary subject matter to critiqueweisman art museum press release 333 east river road minneapolis, mn 55455 www images available (see thumbnails on final page of this document) EXHIBITION COMMON SENSE: ART

  2. WP1 Climate services for road

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haak, Hein

    WP1 Climate services for road authorities Janette Bessembinder et al. #12;2 A1: review, analysis and assessment of existing climate change projections regarding TEN-T needs A2: Development of a common methodology for the production of regional climate projections to provide consistent input data for risk

  3. Longer View The Road Less Driven

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Handy, Susan L.

    Longer View The Road Less Driven Susan Handy I n September 2005, Hurricane Katrina slammed into New.S. Department of Energy [DOE], 2005a), a level unseen in inflation-adjusted terms even at the peak of the late 1970s energy crisis (DOE, 2005b). Shortages in the gasoline supply occurred temporarily in many parts

  4. EFFLUENT DISPERSION FROM THE LANSDOWNE ROAD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Esplanade North Vancouver, B.C. V7M 3H7 and City of Prince George 505 Fourth Avenue Prince George, B.C. V2L- ACKNOWLEDGEMENT This project was jointly funded by the City of Prince George and Environment Canada through plume delineation study was carried out at the Prince George Lansdowne Road Wastewater Treatment Centre

  5. Arabian crude-oil residues evaluated

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ali, M.F.; Bukhari, A.; Hasan, M.; Saleem, M.

    1985-08-12

    This article evaluates detailed physical and chemical characteristics for four important Saudi Arabian resids. Petroleum residues are composed of a mixture of large and complex hydrocarbon molecules along with one or more heteroatoms such as sulfur, oxygen, nitrogen, vanadium, and nickel. The amount of residue and its physical and chemical composition depend on the source of the crude oil and methods of processing. Residues from four Saudi Arabian crude oils produced by the Arabian American Oil Co. (Aramco) were evaluated. The crude oils are 38.5 degrees API Arabian Extra Light, 33.8 degrees API Arabian Light, 30.4 degrees Api Arabian Medium, and 28.03 degrees API Arabian Heavy. Results are presented and residue preparation, and physical and chemical characteristics are analyzed.

  6. Road-corridor planning in the EIA procedure in Spain. A review of case studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Loro, Manuel [Department of Urban and Regional Planning and Environment, Civil Engineering School, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Prof. Aranguren s Transport Research Centre Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, ETSI Caminos, Canales y Puertos, Prof. Aranguren s Centro de investigación del transporte, TRANSyT-UPM, ETSI Caminos, Canales y Puertos, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Prof. Aranguren s Arce, Rosa M. [Department of Urban and Regional Planning and Environment, Civil Engineering School, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Prof. Aranguren s Transport Research Centre Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, ETSI Caminos, Canales y Puertos, Prof. Aranguren s Centro de investigación del transporte, TRANSyT-UPM, ETSI Caminos, Canales y Puertos, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Prof. Aranguren s Ortega, Emilio [Transport Research Centre Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, ETSI Caminos, Canales y Puertos, Prof. Aranguren s Centro de investigación del transporte, TRANSyT-UPM, ETSI Caminos, Canales y Puertos, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Prof. Aranguren s Department of Construction and Rural Roads, Forestry Engineering School, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Ciudad Universitaria s and others

    2014-01-15

    The assessment of different alternatives in road-corridor planning must be based on a number of well-defined territorial variables that serve as decision making criteria, and this requires a high-quality preliminary environmental assessment study. In Spain the formal specifications for the technical requirements stipulate the constraints that must be considered in the early stages of defining road corridors, but not how they should be analyzed and ranked. As part of the feasibility study of a new road definition, the most common methodology is to establish different levels of Territorial Carrying Capacity (TCC) in the study area in order to summarize the territorial variables on thematic maps and to ease the tracing process of road-corridor layout alternatives. This paper explores the variables used in 22 road-construction projects conducted by the Ministry of Public Works that were subject to the Spanish EIA regulation and published between 2006 and 2008. The aim was to evaluate the quality of the methods applied and the homogeneity and suitability of the variables used for defining the TCC. The variables were clustered into physical, environmental, land-use and cultural constraints for the purpose of comparing the TCC values assigned in the studies reviewed. We found the average quality of the studies to be generally acceptable in terms of the justification of the methodology, the weighting and classification of the variables, and the creation of a synthesis map. Nevertheless, the methods for assessing the TCC are not sufficiently standardized; there is a lack of uniformity in the cartographic information sources and methodologies for the TCC valuation. -- Highlights: • We explore 22 road-corridor planning studies subjected to the Spanish EIA regulation. • We analyze the variables selected for defining territorial carrying capacity. • The quality of the studies is acceptable (methodology, variable weighting, mapping). • There is heterogeneity in the methods for territorial carrying capacity valuation.

  7. ORIGINAL PAPER Wild Turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) association to roads

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wallace, Mark C.

    ORIGINAL PAPER Wild Turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) association to roads: implications for distance roads. Our objective was to determine if and when Rio Grande wild turkeys (Meleagris gallopavo gallopavo intermedia . Rio Grande wild turkey. Roads . Texas Communicated by H. Kierdorf D. R. Erxleben :M

  8. Privacy Enhanced Fraud Resistant Road Pricing (extended abstract)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoepman, Jaap-Henk

    for the current road tax. The announcement of the Dutch authorities stirred a large public debate which stillPrivacy Enhanced Fraud Resistant Road Pricing (extended abstract) Jaap-Henk Hoepman1,2 , George, University of Groningen, the Netherlands g.b.huitema@rug.nl Abstract. A naive implementation of a road

  9. Eli Lilly and Company Limited Erl Wood Manor, Sunninghill Road,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bogacka, Barbara

    is immediately before the Windmill public house. Proceed along the Sunninghill Road for a few metres until you). This turning is immediately before the Windmill public house. #12; Proceed along the Sunninghill Road for a few the Windmill public house. Proceed along the Sunninghill Road for a few metres until you see some wrought iron

  10. Nericell: Rich Monitoring of Roads and Traffic Using Mobile Smartphones

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajamani, Sriram K.

    Nericell: Rich Monitoring of Roads and Traffic Using Mobile Smartphones Joint work with Prashanth India 1 Ram Ramjee #12;Road and Traffic Monitoring 2 Bangalore Courtesy intersections · Potholes · Road bumps · ... Need to go beyond GPS-based vehicle tracking! #12;Widespread

  11. Using Real-Time Road Traffic Data to Evaluate Congestion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    Using Real-Time Road Traffic Data to Evaluate Congestion Jean Bacon, Andrei Iu. Bejan, Alastair R regression, spline interpolation. 1 Introduction Congestion on roads, especially in urban areas, has a large kilometres in 2008 [2]. #12;Congestion can be tackled either by increasing road network capacity

  12. Road Transport Informatics -Conceptual Framework and Technologica Components

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aamodt, Agnar

    Road Transport Informatics - Conceptual Framework and Technologica Components Dr. Techn. Mads Nyg of informationtech- nology within the road transport field. The main motivation for our investigation framework for road transport informatics in order to estab- lish a common basis for researchers from both

  13. CITY OF PRINCE GEORGE: SNOW DISPOSAL AT THE LANSDOWNE ROAD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #12;CITY OF PRINCE GEORGE: SNOW DISPOSAL AT THE LANSDOWNE ROAD WASTEWATER TREATMENT CENTRE DOE FRAPH7 #12;Dayton & Knight Ltd. CITY OF PRINCE GEORGE SNOW DISPOSAL STUDY AT THE LANSDOWNE ROAD of Prince George. #12;CITY OF PRINCE GEORGE SNOW DISPOSAL STUDY AT THE LANSDOWNE ROAD WASTEWATER TREATMENT

  14. Using Fuel Oil",,,"Fuel Oil Consumption",,"Fuel Oil Expenditures...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    . Total Fuel Oil Consumption and Expenditures for Non-Mall Buildings, 2003" ,"All Buildings* Using Fuel Oil",,,"Fuel Oil Consumption",,"Fuel Oil Expenditures" ,"Number of Buildings...

  15. Using Fuel Oil",,,"Fuel Oil Consumption",,"Fuel Oil Expenditures...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    A. Total Fuel Oil Consumption and Expenditures for All Buildings, 2003" ,"All Buildings Using Fuel Oil",,,"Fuel Oil Consumption",,"Fuel Oil Expenditures" ,"Number of Buildings...

  16. College Green -Dunearn Road Hostel Dunearn Road Hostel was opened in 1952 and is now known as

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chin, Wei Ngan

    College Green - Dunearn Road Hostel Dunearn Road Hostel was opened in 1952 and is now known as College Green ­ Dunearn Road Hostel (CG-DRH). These former pre-war terrace homes housed gifts attract a 1:1 government matching grant. Singapore tax residents will receive a tax deduction

  17. China's Global Oil Strategy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Bryan G

    2009-01-01

    unfettered access to oil resources including the possibleChina’s search for oil resources around the world. However,a survey of China’s oil resources, while others focus

  18. Understanding Crude Oil Prices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, James Douglas

    2008-01-01

    Figure 5. Monthly oil production for Iran, Iraq, and Kuwait,day. Monthly crude oil production Iran Iraq Kuwait Figure 6.and the peak in U.S. oil production account for the broad

  19. Understanding Crude Oil Prices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, James Douglas

    2008-01-01

    per day. Monthly crude oil production Iran Iraq KuwaitEIA Table 1.2, “OPEC Crude Oil Production (Excluding Lease2008, from EIA, “Crude Oil Production. ” Figure 16. U.S.

  20. Understanding Crude Oil Prices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, James Douglas

    2008-01-01

    2004. “OPEC’s Optimal Crude Oil Price,” Energy Policy 32(2),the Predictive Accuracy of Crude Oil Futures Prices,” EnergyFigure 3. Price of crude oil contract maturing December of

  1. Understanding Crude Oil Prices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, James Douglas

    2008-01-01

    2004. “OPEC’s Optimal Crude Oil Price,” Energy Policy 32(2),percent change in real oil price. Figure 3. Price of crude023 Understanding Crude Oil Prices James D. Hamilton June

  2. Understanding Crude Oil Prices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, James Douglas

    2008-01-01

    and Income on Energy and Oil Demand,” Energy Journal 23(1),the faster its growth in oil demand over the last half ofthe income elasticity of oil demand to fall signi?cantly.

  3. China's Global Oil Strategy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Bryan G

    2009-01-01

    current pace of growth in oil demand as staying consistentthis point, China’s demand Oil Demand vs. Domestic Supply inand predictions of oil supply and demand affected foreign

  4. China's Global Oil Strategy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Bryan G

    2009-01-01

    Michael T. Klare, Blood and Oil: The Dangers of America’sDowns and Jeffrey A. Bader, “Oil-Hungry China Belongs at BigChina, Africa, and Oil,” (Council on Foreign Relations,

  5. Understanding Crude Oil Prices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, James Douglas

    2008-01-01

    Natural Gas, Heating Oil and Gasoline,” NBER Working Paper.2006. “China’s Growing Demand for Oil and Its Impact on U.S.and Income on Energy and Oil Demand,” Energy Journal 23(1),

  6. China's Global Oil Strategy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Bryan G

    2009-01-01

    China made an Iranian oil investment valued at $70 billion.across Iran, China’s oil investment may exceed $100 billionthese involving investment in oil and gas, really undermine

  7. Understanding Crude Oil Prices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, James Douglas

    2008-01-01

    in U.S. real GDP and oil consumption, 1949-2006. slope =Historical Chinese oil consumption and projection of trend.1991-2006: Chinese oil consumption in millions of barrels

  8. Understanding Crude Oil Prices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, James Douglas

    2008-01-01

    2004. “OPEC’s Optimal Crude Oil Price,” Energy Policy 32(2),023 Understanding Crude Oil Prices James D. Hamilton Junedirectly. Understanding Crude Oil Prices* James D. Hamilton

  9. Metropolitan Road Traffic Simulation on FPGAs.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tripp J. L. (Justin L.); Mortveit, H. S. (Henning S.); Hansson, A. A. (Anders A.); Gokhale, M. (Maya)

    2005-01-01

    This work demonstrates that road traffic simulation of entire metropolitan areas is possible with reconfigurable supercomputing that combines 64-bit microprocessors and FPGAs in a high bandwidth, low latency interconnect. Previously, traffic simulation on FPGAs was limited to very short road segments or required a very large number of FPGAs. Our data streaming approach overcomes scaling issues associated with direct implementations and still allows for high-level parallelism by dividing the data sets between hardware and software across the reconfigurable supercomputer. Using one FPGA on the Cray XD1 supercomputer, we are able to achieve a 34.4 x speed up over the AMD microprocessor. System integration issues must be optimized to exploit this speedup in the overall simulation.

  10. Understanding Crude Oil Prices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, James Douglas

    2008-01-01

    geological limits, global production of crude oil next yearGlobal production of crude petroleum. Notes: Bold line: From EIA, “World Production of Crude Oil,

  11. Oil Security Metrics Model

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greene, David L.; Leiby, Paul N.

    2005-03-06

    A presentation to the IWG GPRA USDOE, March 6, 2005, Washington, DC. OSMM estimates oil security benefits of changes in the U.S. oil market.

  12. China's Global Oil Strategy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Bryan G

    2009-01-01

    China’s domestic oil supply will peak, and demand Robertpeak will come around 2020, 24 and that by this point, China’s demand Oil

  13. Understanding Crude Oil Prices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, James Douglas

    2008-01-01

    historical data for claiming to be able to predict oil pricehistorical data. The second is to look at the predictions of economic theory as to how oil prices

  14. Florida Solar Energy Center 1679 Clearlake Road

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    Florida Solar Energy Center 1679 Clearlake Road Cocoa, FL 32922 321.638.1000 (Located on the Eastern Florida State College Campus) ANNUAL SECURITY GUIDE 2014-2015 UCF POLICE DEPARTMENT Florida Solar Energy Center #12;2 T H E U N I V E R S I T Y o f C E N T R A L F L O R I D A Keeping our campus

  15. Calibration of Stochastic Convenience Yield Models For Crude Oil Using the Kalman Filter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vuik, Kees

    Calibration of Stochastic Convenience Yield Models For Crude Oil Using the Kalman Filter A physical bales of oil rather than future contracts. Should their be a sudden shock-situation wherein the de

  16. ACCESSING ROAD TRAVEL REPORTS The safest traveler is the well-informed traveler. While road safety conditions in a country affect that country's

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnold, Jonathan

    ACCESSING ROAD TRAVEL REPORTS The safest traveler is the well-informed traveler. While road safety of countries will appear and you can view each road travel report by clicking "Download Now". #12;

  17. Biochemically enhanced oil recovery and oil treatment

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Premuzic, Eugene T. (East Moriches, NY); Lin, Mow (Rocky Point, NY)

    1994-01-01

    This invention relates to the preparation of new, modified organisms, through challenge growth processes, that are viable in the extreme temperature, pressure and pH conditions and salt concentrations of an oil reservoir and that are suitable for use in microbial enhanced oil recovery. The modified microorganisms of the present invention are used to enhance oil recovery and remove sulfur compounds and metals from the crude oil.

  18. Biochemically enhanced oil recovery and oil treatment

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Premuzic, E.T.; Lin, M.

    1994-03-29

    This invention relates to the preparation of new, modified organisms, through challenge growth processes, that are viable in the extreme temperature, pressure and pH conditions and salt concentrations of an oil reservoir and that are suitable for use in microbial enhanced oil recovery. The modified microorganisms of the present invention are used to enhance oil recovery and remove sulfur compounds and metals from the crude oil. 62 figures.

  19. Oil shale mining studies and analyses of some potential unconventional uses for oil shale

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McCarthy, H.E.; Clayson, R.L.

    1989-07-01

    Engineering studies and literature review performed under this contract have resulted in improved understanding of oil shale mining costs, spent shale disposal costs, and potential unconventional uses for oil shale. Topics discussed include: costs of conventional mining of oil shale; a mining scenario in which a minimal-scale mine, consistent with a niche market industry, was incorporated into a mine design; a discussion on the benefits of mine opening on an accelerated schedule and quantified through discounted cash flow return on investment (DCFROI) modelling; an estimate of the costs of disposal of spent shale underground and on the surface; tabulation of potential increases in resource recovery in conjunction with underground spent shale disposal; the potential uses of oil shale as a sulfur absorbent in electric power generation; the possible use of spent shale as a soil stabilizer for road bases, quantified and evaluated for potential economic impact upon representative oil shale projects; and the feasibility of co-production of electricity and the effect of project-owned and utility-owned power generation facilities were evaluated. 24 refs., 5 figs., 19 tabs.

  20. Eco Oil 4

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brett Earl; Brenda Clark

    2009-10-26

    This article describes the processes, challenges, and achievements of researching and developing a biobased motor oil.

  1. OIL & GAS INSTITUTE Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strathclyde, University of

    OIL & GAS INSTITUTE CONTENTS Introduction Asset Integrity Underpinning Capabilities 2 4 4 6 8 9 10 COMPETITIVENESS UNIVERSITY of STRATHCLYDE OIL & GAS INSTITUTE OIL & GAS EXPERTISE AND PARTNERSHIPS #12;1 The launch of the Strathclyde Oil & Gas Institute represents an important step forward for the University

  2. ILENR/RE-AQ-ON-ROAD CARBON MONOXIDE AND HYDROCARBON

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    #12;ILENR/RE-AQ- Printed: Contract: Project: ON-ROAD CARBON MONOXIDE AND HYDROCARBON REMOTE SENSING. Repeat Measurements of the Same Vehicle. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 F

  3. Active DPF for Off-Road Particulate Matter (PM) Control

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This presentation details how a possibly catalyzed active diesel particulate filter can be used to control off-road particulate matter.

  4. Efficiency Improvement in an Over the Road Diesel Powered Engine...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    in an Over the Road Diesel Powered Engine System by the Application of Advanced Thermoelectric Systems Implemented in a Hybrid Configuration Efficiency Improvement in an Over the...

  5. ,"Total Fuel Oil Consumption (trillion Btu)",,,,,"Fuel Oil Energy...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    A. Fuel Oil Consumption (Btu) and Energy Intensities by End Use for All Buildings, 2003" ,"Total Fuel Oil Consumption (trillion Btu)",,,,,"Fuel Oil Energy Intensity (thousand Btu...

  6. Sediment production from forest roads in western Oregon Charles H. Luce and Thomas A. Black

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sediment production from forest roads in western Oregon Charles H. Luce and Thomas A. Black USDA erosion from forest roads requires an understanding of how road design and maintenance affect sediment the relationship between sediment production and road attributes such as distance between culverts, road slope

  7. Drugs CSA Schedules Medical Uses Physical Usual Method Possible Effects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Subramanian, Venkat

    Drugs CSA Schedules Medical Uses Physical Psycho- logical Toleranc e Duration (Hours) Usual Method Hashish and Hashish Oil Substance I Hash, Hash oil None Unknown Moderate Yes 2-4 Smoked, oral Anabolic

  8. Timber Road II | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EISTJThin Film Solar Technologies JumpTiSol JumpOffshore Wind FarmRoad II

  9. SCOPEINSTITUTE OF PHYSICS AND ENGINEERING IN MEDICINE | www.ipem.ac.uk | Volume 21 Issue 4 | DECEMBER 2012 Bilateral mammographic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chiao, Jung-Chih

    EDITOR Usman I. Lula Senior Clinical Scientist, Department of Radiotherapy Physics, Poole Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Longfleet Road Poole, Dorset, BH15 2JB T 01202 448333 Eusman.lula@poole.nhs.uk MEETING. Lula Department of Radiotherapy Physics, Poole Hospital, Longfleet Road, Poole, BH15 2JB Eusman.lula

  10. LLNL oil shale project review: METC third annual oil shale contractors meeting

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cena, R.J.; Coburn, T.T.; Taylor, R.W.

    1988-01-01

    The Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory combines laboratory and pilot-scale experimental measurements with mathematical modeling of fundamental chemistry and physics to provide a technical base for evaluating oil shale retorting alternatives. Presented herein are results of four research areas of interest in oil shale process development: Recent Progress in Solid-Recycle Retorting and Related Laboratory and Modeling Studies; Water Generation During Pyrolysis of Oil Shale; Improved Analytical Methods and Measurements of Rapid Pyrolysis Kinetics for Western and Eastern Oil Shale; and Rate of Cracking or Degradation of Oil Vapor In Contact with Oxidized Shale. We describe operating results of a 1 tonne-per-day, continuous-loop, solid-recycle, retort processing both Western And Eastern oil shale. Sulfur chemistry, solid mixing limits, shale cooling tests and catalyst addition are all discussed. Using a triple-quadrupole mass spectrometer, we measure individual species evolution with greater sensitivity and selectivity. Herein we discuss our measurements of water evolution during ramped heating of Western and Eastern oil shale. Using improved analytical techniques, we determine isothermal pyrolysis kinetics for Western and Eastern oil shale, during rapid heating, which are faster than previously thought. Finally, we discuss the rate of cracking of oil vapor in contact with oxidized shale, qualitatively using a sand fluidized bed and quantitatively using a vapor cracking apparatus. 3 refs., 4 figs., 1 tab.

  11. Essays on Macroeconomics and Oil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CAKIR, NIDA

    2013-01-01

    is described below. Data Crude oil production data is fromproductivity measure is crude oil production per worker, andwhich is measured as crude oil production per worker, is

  12. The Politics of Oil Nationalizations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahdavi, Paasha

    2015-01-01

    in the oil and gas sectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . .of regime change, using oil and gas income per capita as aregime change, using fitted oil and gas income per capita as

  13. Essays on Macroeconomics and Oil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CAKIR, NIDA

    2013-01-01

    Venezuelan Oil Industry Total Wells Drilled and InvestmentWells Drilled and Investment in the Venezuelan Oil Industryopenness of the oil sector to foreign investment contributes

  14. LLNL oil shale project review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cena, R.J. (ed.)

    1990-04-01

    Livermore's oil shale project is funded by two budget authorities, two thirds from base technology development and one third from environmental science. Our base technology development combines fundamental chemistry research with operation of pilot retorts and mathematical modeling. We've studied mechanisms for oil coking and cracking and have developed a detailed model of this chemistry. We combine the detailed chemistry and physics into oil shale process models (OSP) to study scale-up of generic second generation Hot-Recycled-Solid (HRS) retorting systems and compare with results from our 4 tonne-per-day continuous-loop HRS pilot retorting facility. Our environmental science program focuses on identification of gas, solid and liquid effluents from oil shale processes and development of abatement strategies where necessary. We've developed on-line instruments to quantitatively measure trace sulfur and nitrogen compounds released during shale pyrolysis and combustion. We've studied shale mineralogy, inorganic and organic reactions which generate and consume environmentally sensitive species. Figures, references, and tables are included with each discussion.

  15. Apparatus for distilling shale oil from oil shale

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shishido, T.; Sato, Y.

    1984-02-14

    An apparatus for distilling shale oil from oil shale comprises: a vertical type distilling furnace which is divided by two vertical partitions each provided with a plurality of vent apertures into an oil shale treating chamber and two gas chambers, said oil shale treating chamber being located between said two gas chambers in said vertical type distilling furnace, said vertical type distilling furnace being further divided by at least one horizontal partition into an oil shale distilling chamber in the lower part thereof and at least one oil shale preheating chamber in the upper part thereof, said oil shale distilling chamber and said oil shale preheating chamber communication with each other through a gap provided at an end of said horizontal partition, an oil shale supplied continuously from an oil shale supply port provided in said oil shale treating chamber at the top thereof into said oil shale treating chamber continuously moving from the oil shale preheating chamber to the oil shale distilling chamber, a high-temperature gas blown into an oil shale distilling chamber passing horizontally through said oil shale in said oil shale treating chamber, thereby said oil shale is preheated in said oil shale preheating chamber, and a gaseous shale oil is distilled from said preheated oil shale in said oil shale distilling chamber; and a separator for separating by liquefaction a gaseous shale oil from a gas containing the gaseous shale oil discharged from the oil shale preheating chamber.

  16. Microsoft Word - Class 1 S Access Road-031611 FINAL.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    site using the South Access Road. The South Access Road has been upgraded using the same criteria and design standards as the North Access Road and New Mexico Department of...

  17. Spot-Oiling Johnsongrass. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elliott, Fred C.; Norris, M. J.; Rea, H. E.

    1955-01-01

    -treat Johnsongrass in cotton in 19 54. Power-driven sprayers normally used for in- tect control in row crops were modified for Yose. A spray pressure of 12 pounds re inch was used. Two systems of the grass were tried. In one system the crenr applying the oil... crown-oilings with naphtha, 83 percent in 7 tests by 3 oil- ings, 95 percent in 6 tests by 4 oilings and 98 percent in 4 tests by 5 to 7 oilings. The use of mixtures of 50 percent naphtha and 50 per- cent kerosene or diesel fuel oil reduced...

  18. Office of Scholarships & Financial Aid 601 S. College Road

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olszewski Jr., Edward A.

    Office of Scholarships & Financial Aid 601 S. College Road Wilmington NC 28403-5951 910 & Financial Aid 601 S. College Road Wilmington NC 28403-5951 910-962-3177 Telephone 910-962-3851 Fax finaid School Code: c STEP 2: Complete an Independent Verification Worksheet and attach your 2014 Federal Tax

  19. A Decade of On-road Emissions Measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    % of the NOx to the national emission inventory (3). In the mid-1990s the Coordinating Research CouncilA Decade of On-road Emissions Measurements G A R Y A . B I S H O P * A N D D O N A L D H . S T E D. A multiyear, on-road emission measurement program carried outinthecitiesof

  20. Archer Road SW 16th Avenue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sin, Peter

    CHILLED WATER PLANT #2 (HSC)COGENERATION PLANT HEALTH PRO FESSIO NS, NURSIN G , PHARM ACY COMMUNICORE CLUBHOUSE PHYSICAL PLANT TRAINING PHYSICAL PLANT ADMINISTRATION MAINTENANCE GROUNDS ADMIN. LAUNDRY ELMORE PROD. PILOT PLANT D A C B FOOD SCIENCE & HUMAN NUTRITION SW 9th Avenue SW 5th Avenue WILLIAMSON PHYSICS

  1. Financial and Physical Oil Market Linkages

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverse (Journal Article) |Final Report DocumentRatesFinancialFinancial Statement:

  2. Financial and Physical Oil Market Linkages II

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverse (Journal Article) |Final Report DocumentRatesFinancialFinancial Statement:II

  3. Collaborative Lubricating Oil Study on Emissions (CLOSE) Project

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Extensive chemical and physical characterization performed on emissions from normal and high emitting light-, medium-, and heavy-duty vehicles to evaluate relative contributions of fuel and lubricating oil on tailpipe emissions.

  4. The value of United States oil and gas reserves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adelman, Morris Albert

    1996-01-01

    The object of this research is to estimate a time series, starting in 1979, for the value of in-ground oil reserves and natural gas reserves in the United States. Relatively good statistics exist for the physical quantities. ...

  5. Windshield Wilderness: Cars, Roads, and Nature in Washington’s National Parks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Byron

    2006-01-01

    Review: Windshield Wilderness: Cars, Roads, and Nature inLouter. Windshield Wilderness: Cars, Roads, and Nature inpost-consumer waste. “Cars, not people, are the parks’

  6. Road-crossing restoration on alluvial creeks in the Klamath National Forest, California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lawrence, Justin E

    2008-01-01

    colonization upstream and downstream of the road-crossingsthis data into upstream and downstream bins to estimate thetaken from traps upstream and downstream of the roads.

  7. Performance Measurement in the Road Sector: A Cross-Country Review...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Performance Measurement in the Road Sector: A Cross-Country Review of Experience Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Performance Measurement in the Road...

  8. China's Global Oil Strategy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Bryan G

    2009-01-01

    21, 2008. Ying, Wang. “ China, Venezuela firms to co-developApril 21, “China and Venezuela sign oil agreements. ” Chinaaccessed April 21, “Venezuela and China sign oil deal. ” BBC

  9. Understanding Crude Oil Prices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, James Douglas

    2008-01-01

    an alternative investment strategy to buying oil today andinvestments necessary to catch up. This was the view o?ered by oilinvestment strategy. date t) in order to purchase a quantity Q barrels of oil

  10. Fatty Acid Composition of Fish Oils UNITED STATES DEPART MENT OF THE INTERIOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fatty Acid Composition of Fish Oils UNITED STATES DEPART MENT OF THE INTERIOR FISH AND WILDLIFE INTRODUCTION I . of the chemical nature of fish-oil fatty acids and their dis- ~ arine life is important of the distribution of fatty acids i~ also i~por~ant in _rstand the physical and chemical properties of fIsh oils

  11. Blank page retained for pagination PROPERTIES OF FISH AND VEGETABLE OIL MIXTURES.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #12;Blank page retained for pagination #12;PROPERTIES OF FISH AND VEGETABLE OIL MIXTURES of various fish oils for the most diverse commercial operations, their substitution where possible for the more valuable vegetable oils, and the lack of intimate and complete knowledge of their physical

  12. Adequate description of heavy oil viscosities and a method to assess optimal steam cyclic periods for thermal reservoir simulation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mago, Alonso Luis

    2006-08-16

    exceeding 2.5 trillion barrels. Management decisions and production strategies from thermal oil recovery processes are frequently based on reservoir simulation. A proper description of the physical properties, particularly oil viscosity, is essential...

  13. Vegetable oils for tractors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moroney, M.

    1981-11-14

    Preliminary tests by the Agricultural Institute, show that tractors can be run on a 50:50 rape oil-diesel mixture or on pure rape oil. In fact, engine power actually increased slightly with the 50:50 blend but decreased fractionally with pure rape oil. Research at the North Dakota State University on using sunflower oil as an alternative to diesel fuel is also noted.

  14. SRC Residual fuel oils

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Tewari, Krishna C. (Whitehall, PA); Foster, Edward P. (Macungie, PA)

    1985-01-01

    Coal solids (SRC) and distillate oils are combined to afford single-phase blends of residual oils which have utility as fuel oils substitutes. The components are combined on the basis of their respective polarities, that is, on the basis of their heteroatom content, to assure complete solubilization of SRC. The resulting composition is a fuel oil blend which retains its stability and homogeneity over the long term.

  15. SRC residual fuel oils

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tewari, K.C.; Foster, E.P.

    1985-10-15

    Coal solids (SRC) and distillate oils are combined to afford single-phase blends of residual oils which have utility as fuel oils substitutes. The components are combined on the basis of their respective polarities, that is, on the basis of their heteroatom content, to assure complete solubilization of SRC. The resulting composition is a fuel oil blend which retains its stability and homogeneity over the long term.

  16. Enhanced Oil Recovery of Viscous Oil by Injection of Water-in-Oil Emulsion Made with Used Engine Oil 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fu, Xuebing

    2012-08-20

    Solids-stabilized water-in-oil emulsions have been suggested as a drive fluid to recover viscous oil through a piston-like displacement pattern. While crude heavy oil was initially suggested as the base oil, an alternative oil ? used engine oil...

  17. Oil Quantity : The histori

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, C.-Y. Cynthia

    120 140 160 19 Oil Quantity Con Wel N E A N N ng Results e Bay : The histori Bay over tim : Prudhoe Ba returns plan n in percent m 0% to 300% 968 1973 Oil Productio Productio 5000600 4000500 3000400 2000300 model for Prudhoe Bay. Figure 11: Historical Prudhoe Bay oil production data, modeled economically

  18. Biochemical upgrading of oils

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Premuzic, Eugene T. (East Moriches, NY); Lin, Mow S. (Rocky Point, NY)

    1999-01-12

    A process for biochemical conversion of heavy crude oils is provided. The process includes contacting heavy crude oils with adapted biocatalysts. The resulting upgraded oil shows, a relative increase in saturated hydrocarbons, emulsions and oxygenates and a decrease in compounds containing in organic sulfur, organic nitrogen and trace metals. Adapted microorganisms which have been modified under challenged growth processes are also disclosed.

  19. Biochemical upgrading of oils

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Premuzic, E.T.; Lin, M.S.

    1999-01-12

    A process for biochemical conversion of heavy crude oils is provided. The process includes contacting heavy crude oils with adapted biocatalysts. The resulting upgraded oil shows, a relative increase in saturated hydrocarbons, emulsions and oxygenates and a decrease in compounds containing organic sulfur, organic nitrogen and trace metals. Adapted microorganisms which have been modified under challenged growth processes are also disclosed. 121 figs.

  20. Oil spill response resources 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muthukrishnan, Shankar

    1996-01-01

    source in an effective manner. Oil spills are fast becoming pollution sources that are causing the maximum damage to the environment. This is owing to the compounds that are released and the way oil spreads in both water and land. Preventing the oil spill...

  1. Oil and Gas Exploration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tingley, Joseph V.

    , oil and gas, and geothermal activities and accomplishments in Nevada: production statistics Products 23. Sloan dolomite quarry 24. Weiser gypsum quarry Oil Fields 1. Blackburn field 2. North WillowMetals Industrial Minerals Oil and Gas Geothermal Exploration Development Mining Processing Nevada

  2. Utah Heavy Oil Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    J. Bauman; S. Burian; M. Deo; E. Eddings; R. Gani; R. Goel; C.K. Huang; M. Hogue; R. Keiter; L. Li; J. Ruple; T. Ring; P. Rose; M. Skliar; P.J. Smith; J.P. Spinti; P. Tiwari; J. Wilkey; K. Uchitel

    2009-10-20

    The Utah Heavy Oil Program (UHOP) was established in June 2006 to provide multidisciplinary research support to federal and state constituents for addressing the wide-ranging issues surrounding the creation of an industry for unconventional oil production in the United States. Additionally, UHOP was to serve as an on-going source of unbiased information to the nation surrounding technical, economic, legal and environmental aspects of developing heavy oil, oil sands, and oil shale resources. UHOP fulGilled its role by completing three tasks. First, in response to the Energy Policy Act of 2005 Section 369(p), UHOP published an update report to the 1987 technical and economic assessment of domestic heavy oil resources that was prepared by the Interstate Oil and Gas Compact Commission. The UHOP report, entitled 'A Technical, Economic, and Legal Assessment of North American Heavy Oil, Oil Sands, and Oil Shale Resources' was published in electronic and hard copy form in October 2007. Second, UHOP developed of a comprehensive, publicly accessible online repository of unconventional oil resources in North America based on the DSpace software platform. An interactive map was also developed as a source of geospatial information and as a means to interact with the repository from a geospatial setting. All documents uploaded to the repository are fully searchable by author, title, and keywords. Third, UHOP sponsored Give research projects related to unconventional fuels development. Two projects looked at issues associated with oil shale production, including oil shale pyrolysis kinetics, resource heterogeneity, and reservoir simulation. One project evaluated in situ production from Utah oil sands. Another project focused on water availability and produced water treatments. The last project considered commercial oil shale leasing from a policy, environmental, and economic perspective.

  3. Physical formulation and numerical algorithm for simulating N ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Dong

    2014-12-15

    Dec 5, 2014 ... algorithm reformulates the (N ?1) strongly-coupled phase field ...... Physical parameter values for the air–water–oil three phase problem.

  4. The impact of the oil industry on the indigenous population in the oil-producing areas of Nigeria: As measured by ecological factors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ikein, A.A.

    1988-01-01

    Exploration and exploitation of the petroleum resource has created some of the largest fortunes and has helped to achieve some of the most impressive economic growth and development, yet little or no attention has been directed to its impact on the producing areas, particularly in developing countries. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to measure the impact of the oil industry on the inhabitants of the oil-producing areas as measured by certain ecological factors. The factors considered were education, health, housing, power, roads, water, and pollution. The selected socio-economic factors are thought to influence the social well being of the inhabitants.

  5. 2009 Voluntary Protection Programs Participants' Association (VPPPA) Presentation: Follow The Yellow Brick Road to Safety

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    2009 Voluntary Protection Programs Participants' Association (VPPPA) Presentation: Follow The Yellow Brick Road to Safety

  6. Road Safety in the Context of Urban Development in Sweden and California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McAndrews, Carolyn

    2010-01-01

    Architecture, planning, engineering Road users, vehicles, built environment together with high-technology

  7. Design safer and greener road projects by using a multi-objective evolutionary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Libre de Bruxelles, Université

    of safety and sustainability on the European road network. However, few tools or methodologies have been and preventive assessment of the road safety performances and the sustainable aspects of road projects, NSGA-II; performance indicators; sustainability; road safety; 1. Introduction For many years

  8. ROME: Road Monitoring and Alert System through Bin Zan Tingting Sun Marco Gruteser Yanyong Zhang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gruteser, Marco

    1 ROME: Road Monitoring and Alert System through Geocache Bin Zan Tingting Sun Marco Gruteser, NJ 08902-3390 {zanb,sunting,gruteser,yyzhang}@winlab.rutgers.edu Abstract--We present a road from aggregated readings of multiple devices. For example, road monitoring could infer road defects

  9. Improvement of the Road Traffic Management by an Ant-Hierarchical Fuzzy System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casillas Barranquero, Jorge

    of the road network capacity [3], the improvement of the traffic safety, the minimization of the energyImprovement of the Road Traffic Management by an Ant-Hierarchical Fuzzy System Habib M. Kammoun@decsai.ugr.es Abstract--In view of dynamicity on road networks and the sharp increase of traffic jam states, the road

  10. ROADTRACK: Scaling Location Updates for Mobile Clients on Road Networks with Query Awareness

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Ling

    ROADTRACK: Scaling Location Updates for Mobile Clients on Road Networks with Query Awareness Peter ROADTRACK ­ a road- network based, query-aware location update framework with two unique features. First, we road-network based check-free inter- val optimization further enhances the effectiveness of the ROAD

  11. Nericell: Rich Monitoring of Road and Traffic Conditions using Mobile Smartphones

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rajamani, Sriram K.

    Nericell: Rich Monitoring of Road and Traffic Conditions using Mobile Smartphones Prashanth Mohan@microsoft.com Microsoft Research India, Bangalore ABSTRACT We consider the problem of monitoring road and traffic con to be much more com- plex owing to varied road conditions (e.g., potholed roads), chaotic traffic (e

  12. On the Road to Transportation Efficiency

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2014-04-21

    Reducing emissions and oil consumption are crucial worldwide goals. Reducing transportation emissions, in particular, is key to reducing overall emissions. Electric vehicles driving on electrified roadways could be a significant part of the solution. E-roadways offer a variety of benefits: reduce petroleum consumption (electricity is used instead of gasoline), decrease vehicular operating costs (from about 12 cents per mile to 4 cents per mile), and extend the operational range of electric vehicles. Plus, e-roadway power can come from renewable sources.

  13. On the Road to Transportation Efficiency (Video)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2014-03-01

    Reducing emissions and oil consumption are crucial worldwide goals. Reducing transportation emissions, in particular, is key to reducing overall emissions. Electric vehicles driving on electrified roadways could be a significant part of the solution. E-roadways offer a variety of benefits: reduce petroleum consumption (electricity is used instead of gasoline), decrease vehicular operating costs (from about 12 cents per mile to 4 cents per mile), and extend the operational range of electric vehicles. Plus, e-roadway power can come from renewable sources. This animation was sponsored by the Clean Transportation Sector Initiative, and interagency effort between the U.S. Department of Transportation and the U.S. Department of Energy.

  14. LANL closes road, trails for safety reasons; flooding and erosion...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    safety reasons LANL closes road, trails for safety reasons; flooding and erosion control work under way Closure is in response to the increased fire risk and danger of flash...

  15. Valuation of the Indiana Toll Road and Chicago Skyway privatizations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaudary, Faiza A. (Faiza Arshad)

    2010-01-01

    This thesis analyzes the economics and financing of the recent purchases of the Indiana Toll Road and Chicago Skyway. Similar privatizations have been occurring around the world, but the economic motive for such transactions ...

  16. Disconnecting Experience: Making World-Class Roads in Mumbai

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anand, Nikhil

    2006-01-01

    Experience: Making World-Class Roads in Mumbai- Nikhil Anandis true. Not all world-class cities have ring freeways. Andof what they call world-class cities. These truth claims

  17. INET 2000 Anderson, Camp The Telecom Road Less Traveled

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Camp, L. Jean

    As a Nation · 1,800 miles of railway · 8,500 miles of road ­In comparison Wisconsin has 110,000 · Per capita · Incompetent state-run PTT's need not be immediately destroyed ­ Human cost can be considerable · Competitors

  18. Software Evolution: A Road Map Vclav T. Rajlich

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Software Evolution: A Road Map Václav T. Rajlich Department of Computer Science Wayne State nonprofit organizations from sale taxes on certain specific items is such a surprise. Software modification

  19. 1 Cyclotron Road, Building 23 Berkeley, CA 94720

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Budker, Dmitry

    1 Cyclotron Road, Building 23 Berkeley, CA 94720 (510) 495-8000 reservation queen or double twin rooms. Tax, parking, wifi and weekday shuttle pass are included in the rate

  20. RV 01/29/2015 5200 N. Lake Road

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oviedo, Néstor J.

    DDSWK_1516 RV 01/29/2015 5200 N. Lake Road Merced, CA 95343 Phone 209-228-7178 Fax 209-228-7861 E (if applicable) and effective dates · Provide a complete copy of your 2013 Federal Tax Transcript

  1. RV 01/29/2015 5200 N. Lake Road

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oviedo, Néstor J.

    SDSWK_1516 RV 01/29/2015 5200 N. Lake Road Merced, CA 95343 Phone 209-228-7178 Fax 209-228-7861 E (if applicable) and effective dates · Provide a complete copy of your 2014 Federal Tax Transcript

  2. The Effect of Removing Accidents Repeaters From the Road

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferreira, Joseph Jr.

    In newspaper editorials, public commentaries and the like, licensing authorities are often advised to solve the "accident problem" by taking the "nut behind the wheel" off the road. This paper uses six-year driver records ...

  3. 100 ROCKAFELLER ROAD ROOM RESERVATION POLICIES AND PROCEDURES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR COMPLIANCE WITH RUTGERS BUSINESS SCHOOL, RUTGERS UNIVERSITY, AND STATE REGULATIONS GOVERNING INDIVIDUALS WILL BE PERMITTED IN THE RUTGERS BUSINESS SCHOOL AT 100 ROCKAFELLER ROAD. DISORDERLY PERSONS

  4. State of roads : public works as research, India circa 1960

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khorakiwala, Ateya A

    2009-01-01

    That the road is a symbol of the prowess of the nation-state seems tautological, a uni"ed phenomenon of political symbolism that manifests as an infrastructural network. When subjected to a close historical examination, ...

  5. RoadRunner: Infrastructure-less vehicular congestion control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gao, Jason Hao

    RoadRunner is an in-vehicle app for traffic congestion control without costly roadside infrastructure, instead judiciously harnessing vehicle-to-vehicle communications, cellular connectivity, and onboard computation and ...

  6. SACHIN SHETTY 148 Glen Hedge Road, Mantua, NJ 08051

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shetty,Sachin

    SACHIN SHETTY 148 Glen Hedge Road, Mantua, NJ 08051 Office Phone: (856) 256-5379 Cell Phone: (757 to characterize the electromagnetic interference and radiation environments. ­ Sensor Web: Implemented a se

  7. Predicting and Utilizing the Vehicle's Past and Futuer Road Grade

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Predicted road grade may be used to estimate the power required to propel the vehicle through the upcoming terrain so that the engine controller can deliver the necessary power.

  8. The Road to SDN: An Intellectual History of Programmable Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rexford, Jennifer

    The Road to SDN: An Intellectual History of Programmable Networks Nick Feamster Jennifer Rexford virtualization [54,67], energy- efficient networking [42], and seamless virtual-machine migration and user

  9. An Ising Model for Road Traffic Cyril Furtlehner

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Furtlehner, Cyril

    Chapter 1 An Ising Model for Road Traffic Inference Cyril Furtlehner Abstract We review some, as a minimizer of a Bethe free energy [32], a solver of the cavity equations [21] and its relation to the TAP

  10. Trends in on-road vehicle emissions of ammonia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kean, A.J.

    2009-01-01

    Gasoline on Motor Vehicle Emissions: Mass Emission Rates.Trends in On-Road Vehicle Emissions of Ammonia A.J. Kean 1 ,94720 Abstract Motor vehicle emissions of ammonia have been

  11. REVIEW PAPER Biodeterioration of crude oil and oil derived

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Appanna, Vasu

    REVIEW PAPER Biodeterioration of crude oil and oil derived products: a review Natalia A. Yemashova January 2007 Ó Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007 Abstract Biodeterioration of crude oil and oil of operational problems. Nowadays various test-systems are utilized for microbial monitoring in crude oils

  12. Road Transportable Analytical Laboratory system. Phase 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Finger, S.M.; Keith, V.F.; Spertzel, R.O.; De Avila, J.C.; O`Donnell, M.; Vann, R.L.

    1993-09-01

    This developmental effort clearly shows that a Road Transportable Analytical Laboratory System is a worthwhile and achievable goal. The RTAL is designed to fully analyze (radioanalytes, and organic and inorganic chemical analytes) 20 samples per day at the highest levels of quality assurance and quality control. It dramatically reduces the turnaround time for environmental sample analysis from 45 days (at a central commercial laboratory) to 1 day. At the same time each RTAL system will save the DOE over $12 million per year in sample analysis costs compared to the costs at a central commercial laboratory. If RTAL systems were used at the eight largest DOE facilities (at Hanford, Savannah River, Fernald, Oak Ridge, Idaho, Rocky Flats, Los Alamos, and the Nevada Test Site), the annual savings would be $96,589,000. The DOE`s internal study of sample analysis needs projects 130,000 environmental samples requiring analysis in FY 1994, clearly supporting the need for the RTAL system. The cost and time savings achievable with the RTAL system will accelerate and improve the efficiency of cleanup and remediation operations throughout the DOE complex.

  13. 777 Glades Road Boca Raton, FL 33431

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    , interaction of radiation with matter, radiation detection, and dosimetry. · BSC 6834 in partnership with area hospitals focusing on the Radiation Therapy track which years. MSMP Courses Core Courses · RAT 6686. Radiation Physics (3 credit

  14. World Oil: Market or Mayhem?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, James L.

    2008-01-01

    The world oil market is regarded by many as a puzzle. Why are oil prices so volatile? What is OPEC and what does OPEC do? Where are oil prices headed in the long run? Is “peak oil” a genuine concern? Why did oil prices ...

  15. PHYSICAL REVIEW E 84, 046107 (2011) Spectral properties of directed random networks with modular structure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Baowen

    2011-01-01

    structure Sarika Jalan* School of Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology Indore, IET-DAVV Campus, Khandwa Road, Indore 452017, India and Department of Physics and Centre for Computational Science

  16. Understanding Crude Oil Prices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, James Douglas

    2008-01-01

    disruptions, and the peak in U.S. oil production account foroil increased 81.1% (logarithmically) between January 1979 and the peak

  17. Crude Oil Prices

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Petroleum Marketing Annual 2001 41 Table 21. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices (Dollars per Barrel) - Continued Year Month PAD District II (Continued) PAD District...

  18. Crude Oil Prices

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Petroleum Marketing Annual 2000 41 Table 21. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices (Dollars per Barrel) - Continued Year Month PAD District II (Continued) PAD District...

  19. Crude Oil Prices

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Petroleum Marketing Annual 1999 41 Table 21. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices (Dollars per Barrel) - Continued Year Month PAD District II (Continued) PAD District...

  20. Crude Oil Prices

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Petroleum Marketing Annual 1998 41 Table 21. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices (Dollars per Barrel) - Continued Year Month PAD District II (Continued) PAD District...

  1. Crude Oil Prices

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Petroleum Marketing Annual 2002 41 Table 21. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices (Dollars per Barrel) - Continued Year Month PAD District II (Continued) PAD District...

  2. Oil shale, tar sand, coal research advanced exploratory process technology, jointly sponsored research

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Speight, J.G.

    1992-01-01

    Accomplishments for the past quarter are presented for the following five tasks: oil shale; tar sand; coal; advanced exploratory process technology; and jointly sponsored research. Oil shale research covers oil shale process studies. Tar sand research is on process development of Recycle Oil Pyrolysis and Extraction (ROPE) Process. Coal research covers: coal combustion; integrated coal processing concepts; and solid waste management. Advanced exploratory process technology includes: advanced process concepts;advanced mitigation concepts; and oil and gas technology. Jointly sponsored research includes: organic and inorganic hazardous waste stabilization; CROW field demonstration with Bell Lumber and Pole; development and validation of a standard test method for sequential batch extraction fluid; PGI demonstration project; operation and evaluation of the CO[sub 2] HUFF-N-PUFF Process; fly ash binder for unsurfaced road aggregates; solid state NMR analysis of Mesaverde Group, Greater Green River Basin, tight gas sands; flow-loop testing of double-wall pipe for thermal applications; characterization of petroleum residue; shallow oil production using horizontal wells with enhanced oil recovery techniques; surface process study for oil recovery using a thermal extraction process; NMR analysis of samples from the ocean drilling program; in situ treatment of manufactured gas plant contaminated soils demonstration program; and solid state NMR analysis of naturally and artificially matured kerogens.

  3. Oil Shale and Oil Sands Development Robert Keiter; John Ruple...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Conjunctive Surface and Groundwater Management in Utah: Implications for Oil Shale and Oil Sands Development Robert Keiter; John Ruple; Heather Tanana; Rebecca Holt 29 ENERGY...

  4. The Politics of Oil Nationalizations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahdavi, Paasha

    2015-01-01

    model specifications Oil production in the 1930-1950 period,NOCs by type, 1947-2005 . . Oil production, before and afterThe Political Economy of Oil Production in Latin America. ”

  5. The Politics of Oil Nationalizations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahdavi, Paasha

    2015-01-01

    revenues (adjusted for real oil price) before and after es-to the volatility of oil prices – and thus the volatility ofSonin (2011) shows that oil prices and executive constraints

  6. The Politics of Oil Nationalizations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahdavi, Paasha

    2015-01-01

    assessment of political and economic factors of oilAssessment of PEMEX’s Performance and Strategy. In Oil andOil Company resembled more of a regulator NOC). I will combine this assessment

  7. The Politics of Oil Nationalizations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahdavi, Paasha

    2015-01-01

    Markus Br¨ uckner. 2012. “Oil Rents, Corruption, and Statewithin-country variance in oil rents and their effects onshift in the capture of oil rents – but I show why more work

  8. The Legacy of Oil Spills

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trevors, J. T.; Saier, M. H.

    2010-01-01

    010-0527-5 The Legacy of Oil Spills J. T. Trevors & M. H.workers were killed, and oil has been gushing out everday. It is now June, and oil continues to spew forth into

  9. Oil shale technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, S. (Akron Univ., OH (United States). Dept. of Chemical Engineering)

    1991-01-01

    Oil shale is undoubtedly an excellent energy source that has great abundance and world-wide distribution. Oil shale industries have seen ups and downs over more than 100 years, depending on the availability and price of conventional petroleum crudes. Market forces as well as environmental factors will greatly affect the interest in development of oil shale. Besides competing with conventional crude oil and natural gas, shale oil will have to compete favorably with coal-derived fuels for similar markets. Crude shale oil is obtained from oil shale by a relatively simple process called retorting. However, the process economics are greatly affected by the thermal efficiencies, the richness of shale, the mass transfer effectiveness, the conversion efficiency, the design of retort, the environmental post-treatment, etc. A great many process ideas and patents related to the oil shale pyrolysis have been developed; however, relatively few field and engineering data have been published. Due to the vast heterogeneity of oil shale and to the complexities of physicochemical process mechanisms, scientific or technological generalization of oil shale retorting is difficult to achieve. Dwindling supplied of worldwide petroleum reserves, as well as the unprecedented appetite of mankind for clean liquid fuel, has made the public concern for future energy market grow rapidly. the clean coal technology and the alternate fuel technology are currently of great significance not only to policy makers, but also to process and chemical researchers. In this book, efforts have been made to make a comprehensive text for the science and technology of oil shale utilization. Therefore, subjects dealing with the terminological definitions, geology and petrology, chemistry, characterization, process engineering, mathematical modeling, chemical reaction engineering, experimental methods, and statistical experimental design, etc. are covered in detail.

  10. Oil and gas development in East Siberia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sagers, M.J.

    1994-03-01

    The East Siberian region, which comprises nearly 43% of Russia`s territory (including the Sakha (Yakut) republic), has substantial hydrocarbon potential that is impeded by significant logistical problems, the daunting physical environment, and technical challenges posed by the geological complexity of the region. The area`s three major oil and gas provinces are the Lena-Tunguska (with the greatest potential), Lena-Vilyuy, and Yenisey-Anabar. The paper focuses on assessment of reserves, production potential, and history, as well as joint-venture activity involving foreign capital. Foreign investment is targeting gas deposits in the Vilyuy basin and elsewhere in the Sakha republic and small oil deposits serving local markets in the Yakutsk and Noril`sk areas. Forecasts do not envisage substantial production of oil from the region before the year 2010. Future gas production levels are less predictable despite the ambitious plans to export gas from Sakha to South Korea. 14 refs., 1 fig., 1 tab.

  11. Balancing oil and environment... responsibly.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Weimer, Walter C.; Teske, Lisa

    2007-01-25

    Balancing Oil and Environment…Responsibly As the price of oil continues to skyrocket and global oil production nears the brink, pursuing unconventional oil supplies, such as oil shale, oil sands, heavy oils, and oils from biomass and coal has become increasingly attractive. Of particular significance to the American way is that our continent has significant quantities of these resources. Tapping into these new resources, however, requires cutting-edge technologies for identification, production, processing and environmental management. This job needs a super hero or two for a job of this size and proportion…

  12. Oil & Gas Science and Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. DAÏM

    2002-11-12

    update of the mechanical displacement and porosity field. In ... water and oil pressures are equal. ... o or w, denote the cell values of the oil and water phase.

  13. Essays on Macroeconomics and Oil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CAKIR, NIDA

    2013-01-01

    Oil Production in Venezuela and Mexico . . . . . . . . . .and Productivity in Venezuela and Mexico . . . . . . . . OilEllner, ”Organized Labor in Venezuela 1958-1991: Behavior

  14. Heavy oil hydroprocessing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pratt, R.E.; Nongbri, G.; Clausen, G.A. [Texaco R& D, Port Arthur, TX (United States)] [and others

    1995-12-31

    Many of the crude oils available worldwide are classified as heavy oils (API gravity less than 20). In addition, many of the heavier crude oils are also high in sulfur content. Both the low gravity and high sulfur content make these crude oils difficult to process in many refineries and additional processing equipment is required. Often, deasphalting of the vacuum residuum is one of the processing routes chosen. However, the deasphalted oil (DAO) is often of poor quality and presents problems in processing in existing refinery units. Fixed bed hydrotreater and hydrocracker catalysts are quickly fouled and fluid catalytic cracking units (FCCU) reach regenerator temperature limits with only small amounts of DAO in the feed. Use of the T-STAR ebullated bed process to hydrocrack and upgrade the DAO is an excellent route for making the DAO more palatable to refinery units.

  15. Corrosivity Of Pyrolysis Oils

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Keiser, James R; Bestor, Michael A; Lewis Sr, Samuel Arthur; Storey, John Morse

    2011-01-01

    Pyrolysis oils from several sources have been analyzed and used in corrosion studies which have consisted of exposing corrosion coupons and stress corrosion cracking U-bend samples. The chemical analyses have identified the carboxylic acid compounds as well as the other organic components which are primarily aromatic hydrocarbons. The corrosion studies have shown that raw pyrolysis oil is very corrosive to carbon steel and other alloys with relatively low chromium content. Stress corrosion cracking samples of carbon steel and several low alloy steels developed through-wall cracks after a few hundred hours of exposure at 50 C. Thermochemical processing of biomass can produce solid, liquid and/or gaseous products depending on the temperature and exposure time used for processing. The liquid product, known as pyrolysis oil or bio-oil, as produced contains a significant amount of oxygen, primarily as components of water, carboxylic acids, phenols, ketones and aldehydes. As a result of these constituents, these oils are generally quite acidic with a Total Acid Number (TAN) that can be around 100. Because of this acidity, bio-oil is reported to be corrosive to many common structural materials. Despite this corrosive nature, these oils have the potential to replace some imported petroleum. If the more acidic components can be removed from this bio-oil, it is expected that the oil could be blended with crude oil and then processed in existing petroleum refineries. The refinery products could be transported using customary routes - pipelines, barges, tanker trucks and rail cars - without a need for modification of existing hardware or construction of new infrastructure components - a feature not shared by ethanol.

  16. HEAVY AND THERMAL OIL RECOVERY PRODUCTION MECHANISMS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anthony R. Kovscek; Louis M. Castanier

    2002-09-30

    The Stanford University Petroleum Research Institute (SUPRI-A) conducts a broad spectrum of research intended to help improve the recovery efficiency from difficult to produce reservoirs including heavy oil and fractured low permeability systems. Our scope of work is relevant across near-, mid-, and long-term time frames. The primary functions of the group are to conduct direction-setting research, transfer research results to industry, and educate and train students for careers in industry. Presently, research in SUPRI-A is divided into 5 main project areas. These projects and their goals include: (1) Multiphase flow and rock properties--to develop better understanding of the physics of displacement in porous media through experiment and theory. This category includes work on imbibition, flow in fractured media, and the effect of temperature on relative permeability and capillary pressure. (2) Hot fluid injection--to improve the application of nonconventional wells for enhanced oil recovery and elucidate the mechanisms of steamdrive in low permeability, fractured porous media. (3) Mechanisms of primary heavy oil recovery--to develop a mechanistic understanding of so-called ''foamy oil'' and its associated physical chemistry. (4) In-situ combustion--to evaluate the effect of different reservoir parameters on the insitu combustion process. (5) Reservoir definition--to develop and improve techniques for evaluating formation properties from production information. What follows is a report on activities for the past year. Significant progress was made in all areas.

  17. Just oil? The distribution of environmental and social impacts of oil production and consumption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Rourke, D; Connolly, S

    2003-01-01

    htm ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIAL IMPACTS OF OIL Dutch Shell andAnalysis ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIAL IMPACTS OF OIL Briefs:ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIAL IMPACTS OF OIL Oil obviously

  18. An informal description of Standard OIL and Instance OIL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murawski, Andrzej

    An informal description of Standard OIL and Instance OIL 28 November 2000 Sean Bechhofer (1) Jeen to be specified in some language. This paper introduces the newest version of OIL ­ the ontology inference layer of the DAML language, with working name DAML-OIL, was proposed in a message to the rdf-logic mailing list

  19. European Market Study for BioOil (Pyrolysis Oil)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    European Market Study for BioOil (Pyrolysis Oil) Dec 15, 2006 Doug Bradley President Climate Change of Contents Scope Executive Summary 1. Background 2. Pyrolysis Oil-Char Supply and Export Potential 2 Competitiveness 3.1. Substitute Fuels 3.2. Price of Fossil Fuels 3.3. Delivered Costs of Pyrolysis Oil/Char 4

  20. Physics 630 Statistical Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kioussis, Nicholas

    strongly the issue of problem solving and understanding of the main concepts in Statistical PhysicsPhysics 630 Statistical Physics Spring 2005 Logistics Lecture Room: 1100 (Science I, 1st floor (Supplement) Introduction to Modern Statistical Mechanics, by David Chandler, Oxford Objectives This course

  1. Roads and cities of $18^{th}$ century France

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perret, Julien; Barthelemy, Marc

    2015-01-01

    The evolution of infrastructure networks such as roads and streets are of utmost importance to understand the evolution of urban systems. However, datasets describing these spatial objects are rare and sparse. The database presented here represents the road network at the french national level described in the historical map of Cassini in the $18^{th}$ century. The digitization of this historical map is based on a collaborative methodology that we describe in detail. This dataset can be used for a variety of interdisciplinary studies, covering multiple spatial resolutions and ranging from history, geography, urban economics to network science.

  2. Improving Vehicle Efficiency, Reducing Dependence on Foreign Oil (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2012-03-01

    This fact sheet provides an overview of the U.S. Department of Energy's Vehicle Technologies Program. Today, the United States spends about $400 billion each year on imported oil. To realize a secure energy future, America must break its dependence on imported oil and its volatile costs. The transportation sector accounts for about 70% of U.S. oil demand and holds tremendous opportunity to increase America's energy security by reducing oil consumption. That's why the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) conducts research and development (R and D) on vehicle technologies which can stem America's dependence on oil, strengthen the economy, and protect the environment. Hybrid-electric and plug-in hybrid-electric vehicles can significantly improve fuel economy, displacing petroleum. Researchers are making batteries more affordable and recyclable, while enhancing battery range, performance, and life. This research supports President Obama's goal of putting 1 million electric vehicles on the road by 2015. The program is also working with businesses to develop domestic battery and electric-drive component plants to improve America's economic competitiveness globally. The program facilitates deployment of alternative fuels (ethanol, biodiesel, hydrogen, electricity, propane, and natural gas) and fuel infrastructures by partnering with state and local governments, universities, and industry. Reducing vehicle weight directly improves vehicle efficiency and fuel economy, and can potentially reduce vehicle operating costs. Cost-effective, lightweight, high-strength materials can significantly reduce vehicle weight without compromising safety. Improved combustion technologies and optimized fuel systems can improve near-and mid-term fuel economy by 25% for passenger vehicles and 20% for commercial vehicles by 2015, compared to 2009 vehicles. Reducing the use of oil-based fuels and lubricants in vehicles has more potential to improve the nation's energy security than any other action; even a 1% improvement in vehicle fuel efficiency would save consumers more than $4 billion annually.

  3. Oil and gas field code master list 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1995-01-01

    This is the thirteenth annual edition of the Energy Information Administration`s (EIA) Oil and Gas Field Code Master List. It reflects data collected through October 1994 and provides standardized field name spellings and codes for all identified oil and/or gas fields in the United States. The master field name spellings and codes are to be used by respondents when filing the following Department of Energy (DOE) forms: Form EIA-23, {open_quotes}Annual Survey of Domestic Oil and Gas Reserves,{close_quotes} filed by oil and gas well operators (field codes are required from larger operators only); Forms FERC 8 and EIA-191, {open_quotes}Underground Gas Storage Report,{close_quotes} filed by natural gas producers and distributors who operate underground natural gas storage facilities. Other Federal and State government agencies, as well as industry, use the EIA Oil and Gas Field Code Master List as the standard for field identification. A machine-readable version of the Oil and Gas Field Code Master List is available from the National Technical Information Service, 5285 Port Royal Road, Springfield, Virginia 22161, (703) 487-4650. In order for the Master List to be useful, it must be accurate and remain current. To accomplish this, EIA constantly reviews and revises this list. The EIA welcomes all comments, corrections, and additions to the Master List. All such information should be given to the EIA Field Code Coordinator at (214) 953-1858. EIA gratefully acknowledges the assistance provides by numerous State organizations and trade associations in verifying the existence of fields and their official nomenclature.

  4. New Products TACKLING OIL SPILLS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rock, Chris

    New Products TACKLING OIL SPILLS Low-grade nonwoven cotton Texas Tech University researchers its own weight in oil. The results strengthen the use of cotton as a natural sorbent for oil, said Mr Engineering and Environmental Toxicology. "With the 2010 crude oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico. which resulted

  5. Oil shale, tar sand, coal research, advanced exploratory process technology, jointly sponsored research

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-01-01

    Progress made in five research programs is described. The subtasks in oil shale study include oil shale process studies and unconventional applications and markets for western oil shale.The tar sand study is on recycle oil pyrolysis and extraction (ROPE) process. Four tasks are described in coal research: underground coal gasification; coal combustion; integrated coal processing concepts; and sold waste management. Advanced exploratory process technology includes: advanced process concepts; advanced mitigation concepts; and oil and gas technology. Jointly sponsored research covers: organic and inorganic hazardous waste stabilization; CROW field demonstration with Bell Lumber and Pole; development and validation of a standard test method for sequential batch extraction fluid; PGI demonstration project; operation and evaluation of the CO[sub 2] HUFF-N-PUFF process; fly ash binder for unsurfaced road aggregates; solid state NMR analysis of Mesaverde group, Greater Green River Basin, tight gas sands; flow-loop testing of double-wall pipe for thermal applications; shallow oil production using horizontal wells with enhanced oil recovery techniques; NMR analysis of sample from the ocean drilling program; and menu driven access to the WDEQ hydrologic data management system.

  6. Microbial enhanced oil recovery and wettability research program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thomas, C.P.; Bala, G.A.; Duvall, M.L.

    1991-07-01

    This report covers research results for the microbial enhanced oil recovery (MEOR) and wettability research program conducted by EG G Idaho, Inc. at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL). The isolation and characterization of microbial species collected from various locations including target oil field environments is underway to develop more effective oil recovery systems for specific applications. The wettability research is a multi-year collaborative effort with the New Mexico Petroleum Recovery Research Center (NMPRRC), to evaluate reservoir wettability and its effects on oil recovery. Results from the wettability research will be applied to determine if alteration of wettability is a significant contributing mechanism for MEOR systems. Eight facultatively anaerobic surfactant producing isolates able to function in the reservoir conditions of the Minnelusa A Sands of the Powder River Basin in Wyoming were isolated from naturally occurring oil-laden environments. Isolates were characterized according to morphology, thermostability, halotolerance, growth substrates, affinity to crude oil/brine interfaces, degradative effects on crude oils, and biochemical profiles. Research at the INEL has focused on the elucidation of microbial mechanisms by which crude oil may be recovered from a reservoir and the chemical and physical properties of the reservoir that may impact the effectiveness of MEOR. Bacillus licheniformis JF-2 (ATCC 39307) has been used as a benchmark organism to quantify MEOR of medium weight crude oils (17.5 to 38.1{degrees}API) the capacity for oil recovery of Bacillus licheniformis JF-2 utilizing a sucrose-based nutrient has been elucidated using Berea sandstone cores. Spacial distribution of cells after microbial flooding has been analyzed with scanning electron microscopy. Also the effect of microbial surfactants on the interfacial tensions (IFT) of aqueous/crude oil systems has been measured. 87 refs., 60 figs., 15 tabs.

  7. Validation Results for Core-Scale Oil Shale Pyrolysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Staten, Josh; Tiwari, Pankaj

    2015-03-01

    This report summarizes a study of oil shale pyrolysis at various scales and the subsequent development a model for in situ production of oil from oil shale. Oil shale from the Mahogany zone of the Green River formation was used in all experiments. Pyrolysis experiments were conducted at four scales, powdered samples (100 mesh) and core samples of 0.75”, 1” and 2.5” diameters. The batch, semibatch and continuous flow pyrolysis experiments were designed to study the effect of temperature (300°C to 500°C), heating rate (1°C/min to 10°C/min), pressure (ambient and 500 psig) and size of the sample on product formation. Comprehensive analyses were performed on reactants and products - liquid, gas and spent shale. These experimental studies were designed to understand the relevant coupled phenomena (reaction kinetics, heat transfer, mass transfer, thermodynamics) at multiple scales. A model for oil shale pyrolysis was developed in the COMSOL multiphysics platform. A general kinetic model was integrated with important physical and chemical phenomena that occur during pyrolysis. The secondary reactions of coking and cracking in the product phase were addressed. The multiscale experimental data generated and the models developed provide an understanding of the simultaneous effects of chemical kinetics, and heat and mass transfer on oil quality and yield. The comprehensive data collected in this study will help advance the move to large-scale in situ oil production from the pyrolysis of oil shale.

  8. All roads lead to Newton: Feasible second-order methods for ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-08-31

    Aug 31, 2009 ... The reason for the title, “All roads lead to Newton”, is that this paper extends and ... per saecula Romam” or “a thousand roads lead men forever.

  9. Timber Management: Road and Stream Crossing BMPs http://tfsweb.tamu.edu Page 1 of 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and frequency. Some crossings are designed specifically for skidding, some for truck and vehicular traffic only- bars and wing ditches (waterbars are better suited for temporary roads or roads with light traffic

  10. The Development and On-Road Performance and Durability of the...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    The Development and On-Road Performance and Durability of the Four-Way Emission Control SCRTTM System The Development and On-Road Performance and Durability of the Four-Way...

  11. Cleaning Up Non-Road Diesel Vehicles: A Public Health Imperative...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    of Concerned Scientists 2002deermonahan.pdf More Documents & Publications EPA Diesel Update A View From The Bridge Commonalities between Non-road and On-road Diesel Emissions...

  12. The walled city : Beijing hybrid development plan in the 2nd ring road

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liang, Shaoyi

    2014-01-01

    The circular ring roads are one of the key elements that define the spatial organization of Beijing today. However, as the city continues to expand, the ring roads located in the inner city, combined with the gridded ...

  13. Biofuel Facts for the Road: The Energy Department and Your Gasoline...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Biofuel Facts for the Road: The Energy Department and Your Gasoline Pump Biofuel Facts for the Road: The Energy Department and Your Gasoline Pump December 18, 2014 - 2:08pm Addthis...

  14. An empirical study of planning and scheduling interactions in the road passenger transportation domain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qu, Rong

    An empirical study of planning and scheduling interactions in the road passenger transportation between planning and scheduling in a specific scenario, road pas- senger transportation. The problem (what planning analyzes). The relative change consists of slightingly decreasing the energy level

  15. Oil shale research in China

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jianqiu, W.; Jialin, Q. (Beijing Graduate School, Petroleum Univ., Beijing (CN))

    1989-01-01

    There have been continued efforts and new emergence in oil shale research in Chine since 1980. In this paper, the studies carried out in universities, academic, research and industrial laboratories in recent years are summarized. The research areas cover the chemical structure of kerogen; thermal behavior of oil shale; drying, pyrolysis and combustion of oil shale; shale oil upgrading; chemical utilization of oil shale; retorting waste water treatment and economic assessment.

  16. Oil Mill Operators 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2011-08-17

    Natural gas and petroleum are non-renewable and scarce energy sources. Although, it is well known that hydrocarbon reserves are depleting through the years, oil and gas remain the principal source of energy upon which our ...

  17. Crude Oil Prices

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    19.11 18.73 18.63 17.97 18.75 18.10 See footnotes at end of table. 21. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual...

  18. Crude Oil Prices

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    20.86 20.67 20.47 20.24 20.32 19.57 See footnotes at end of table. 21. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual...

  19. Using Oils As Pesticides 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bogran, Carlos E.; Ludwig, Scott; Metz, Bradley

    2006-10-30

    Petroleum and plant-derived spray oils show increasing potential for use as part of Integrated Pest Management systems for control of soft-bodied pests on fruit trees, shade trees, woody ornamentals and household plants. ...

  20. Oil Market Assessment

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2001-01-01

    Based on Energy Information Administration (EIA) contacts and trade press reports, overall U.S. and global oil supplies appear to have been minimally impacted by yesterday's terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon.

  1. Understanding Crude Oil Prices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, James Douglas

    2008-01-01

    that the income elasticity of U.S. petroleum demand hasincome growth over the period and 1.11 for 11 oil-exporting countries.. And it is the latter countries where petroleum

  2. Imbibition assisted oil recovery 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pashayev, Orkhan H.

    2004-11-15

    analyzed in detail to investigate oil recovery during spontaneous imbibition with different types of boundary conditions. The results of these studies have been upscaled to the field dimensions. The validity of the new definition of characteristic length...

  3. U.S. Department of Energy FreedomCAR & Vehicle Technologies Program: Oil Bypass Filter Technology Evaluation Seventh Quarterly Report April - June 2004

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Larry Zirker; James Francfort; Jordan Fielding

    2004-08-01

    This Oil Bypass Filter Technology Evaluation quarterly report (April–June 2004) details the ongoing fleet evaluation of an oil bypass filter technology by the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) for the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) FreedomCAR & Vehicle Technologies Program. Eight INEEL four-cycle diesel engine buses used to transport INEEL employees on various routes and six INEEL Chevrolet Tahoes with gasoline engines are equipped with oil bypass filter systems from the puraDYN Corporation. The bypass filters are reported to have engine oil filtering capability of <1 micron and a built-in additive package to facilitate extended oil-drain intervals. This quarter, the eight diesel engine buses traveled 85,632 miles. As of the end of June 2004, the eight buses have accumulated 498,814 miles since the beginning of the test and 473,192 miles without an oil change. This represents an avoidance of 39 oil changes, which equates to 1,374 quarts (343 gallons) of new oil not consumed and, furthermore, 1,374 quarts of waste oil not generated. One bus had its oil changed due to the degraded quality of the engine oil. Also this quarter, the six Tahoe test vehicles traveled 48,193 miles; to date, the six Tahoes have accumulated 109,708 total test miles. The oil for all six of the Tahoes was changed this quarter due to low Total Base Numbers (TBN). The oil used initially in the Tahoe testing was recycled oil; the recycled oil has been replaced with Castrol virgin oil, and the testing was restarted. However, the six Tahoe’s did travel a total of 98,266 miles on the initial engine oil. This represents an avoidance of 26 oil changes, which equates to 130 quarts (32.5 gallons) of new oil not consumed and, consequently, 130 quarts of waste oil not generated. Based on the number of oil changes avoided by the test buses and Tahoes to date, the potential engine oil savings if an oil bypass filter system were used was estimated for the INEEL, DOE complex and all Federal fleets of on-road vehicles. The estimated potential annual engine oil savings for the three fleets are: INEEL – 3,400 gallons, all DOE fleets – 32,000 gallons, and all Federal fleet – 1.7 million gallons.

  4. Process for preparing lubricating oil from used waste lubricating oil

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Whisman, Marvin L. (Bartlesville, OK); Reynolds, James W. (Bartlesville, OK); Goetzinger, John W. (Bartlesville, OK); Cotton, Faye O. (Bartlesville, OK)

    1978-01-01

    A re-refining process is described by which high-quality finished lubricating oils are prepared from used waste lubricating and crankcase oils. The used oils are stripped of water and low-boiling contaminants by vacuum distillation and then dissolved in a solvent of 1-butanol, 2-propanol and methylethyl ketone, which precipitates a sludge containing most of the solid and liquid contaminants, unspent additives, and oxidation products present in the used oil. After separating the purified oil-solvent mixture from the sludge and recovering the solvent for recycling, the purified oil is preferably fractional vacuum-distilled, forming lubricating oil distillate fractions which are then decolorized and deodorized to prepare blending stocks. The blending stocks are blended to obtain a lubricating oil base of appropriate viscosity before being mixed with an appropriate additive package to form the finished lubricating oil product.

  5. Oil/gas collector/separator for underwater oil leaks

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Henning, Carl D. (Livermore, CA)

    1993-01-01

    An oil/gas collector/separator for recovery of oil leaking, for example, from an offshore or underwater oil well. The separator is floated over the point of the leak and tethered in place so as to receive oil/gas floating, or forced under pressure, toward the water surface from either a broken or leaking oil well casing, line, or sunken ship. The separator is provided with a downwardly extending skirt to contain the oil/gas which floats or is forced upward into a dome wherein the gas is separated from the oil/water, with the gas being flared (burned) at the top of the dome, and the oil is separated from water and pumped to a point of use. Since the density of oil is less than that of water it can be easily separated from any water entering the dome.

  6. FOR341 Timber Harvesting and Forest Roads Spring 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vonessen, Nikolaus

    FOR341 Timber Harvesting and Forest Roads Spring 2009 Instructor: Beth Dodson Office: FOR 201A Text: Water Quality BMPs (Best Management Practices) for Montana Forests Other readings as assigned (available in class folder: R:\\Classes\\Spring2009\\FOR341) Course Description: An overview of harvesting

  7. Story Road Landfill Solar Site Evaluation: San Jose

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This report describes the findings of a solar site evaluation conducted at the Story Road Landfill (Site) in the City of San Jose, California (City). This evaluation was conducted as part of a larger study to assess solar potential at multiple public facilities within the City.

  8. An Integrated Measurement to Road Vibration Simulation System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Birdsong, Charles

    An Integrated Measurement to Road Vibration Simulation System Charles Birdsong, Ph.D. Dactron Inc and replication of vibrations for product testing. Important issues such as data verification, compensation for vibrations measured on a Jeep, compensated, and replicated on an electrodynamic shaker. Introduction

  9. Autonomous Off-Road Driving in the DARPA Grand Challenge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soatto, Stefano

    Frazzoli Henry Samueli School of Engineering and Applied Science University of California, Los Angeles Los a 150 mile off-road course in the desert in under 10 hours. The event was described as "a field test over 6 kph. B. Vehicle Our vehicle was a standard heavy duty pickup truck. We in- stalled actuators

  10. Road to Smart MobilityWorkshop You're Invited!

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertini, Robert L.

    Road to Smart MobilityWorkshop You're Invited! Join a cross section of transportation professionals and Continental Breakfast 9:45 am-Welcome 10:00 am- Smart Mobility 101 · Mark Hallenbeck, Director, TRAC:00 pm- Role of the Public and Private Sector in Smart Mobility · Paige Fitzgerald, Connected Citizens

  11. Strategic Plan Road Map & Timeline: Next Steps April 16, 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saldin, Dilano

    Strategic Plan Road Map & Timeline: Next Steps April 16, 2014 December 11, 2013 Strategic, 2014 Strategic Planning Core Team meeting cancelled January 910, 2122, 2014 Review team meets Expanded Strategic Planning Core Team meeting: Top objectives shared March 20, 2014 Thematic teams

  12. UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA POLICE DEPT BUILDING 51, MUSEUM ROAD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sin, Peter

    UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA POLICE DEPT BUILDING 51, MUSEUM ROAD GAINESVILLE, FL 32611-2150 352 City GAINESVILLE State FL Zip Code 32611 Business Name UF PAYROLL & TAX SERVICES Phone Number 352. Per DeBose, The UF Finance and Accounting Office of Payroll and Tax Services mistakenly sent out

  13. Office of Scholarships & Financial Aid 601 S. College Road

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olszewski Jr., Edward A.

    Office of Scholarships & Financial Aid 601 S. College Road Wilmington NC 28403-5951 910: ___________________ Student's First Name: ___________________ Non-Tax Filer Worksheet ­ 2014 Tax Year Your 2015-2016 Free a 2014 U.S. federal tax return. You must attach copies of all W-2 form(s) and/or 1099 form(s) received

  14. RV 01/29/2015 5200 N. Lake Road

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oviedo, Néstor J.

    DPDSK_1516 RV 01/29/2015 5200 N. Lake Road Merced, CA 95343 Phone 209-228-7178 Fax 209-228-7861 E · Provide a completed copy of your 2014 Federal Tax Transcript if not already submitted AND · Provide

  15. RV 01/29/2015 5200 N. Lake Road

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oviedo, Néstor J.

    PDSWK_1516 RV 01/29/2015 5200 N. Lake Road Merced, CA 95343 Phone 209-228-7178 Fax 209-228-7861 E of Unemployment Benefits (if applicable) and effective dates · Provide a completed copy of your 2014 Federal Tax

  16. DDSWK2_1415 5200 N. Lake Road

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oviedo, Néstor J.

    DDSWK2_1415 RV 9/30/14 5200 N. Lake Road Merced, CA 95343 Phone 209-228-7178 Fax 209-228-7861 E (if applicable) and effective dates · Provide a complete copy of your 2013 Federal Tax Transcript

  17. Division of Graduate Studies 5200 N. Lake Road

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oviedo, Néstor J.

    Division of Graduate Studies 5200 N. Lake Road Merced, CA 95343 Phone: (209) 228-4723 Fax: (209 Officer. Fee Waiver Option 3: Household Income US federal tax return for the 2014 calendar year attached. My filing status is Dependent (listed on parents' tax return) Independent (filing my own tax return

  18. Road to Recovery: Bringing Recovery to Small Town America

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Nettamo, Paivi

    2012-06-14

    The Recovery Act hits the road to reach out to surrounding towns of the Savannah River Site that are struggling with soaring unemployment rates. This project helps recruit thousands of people to new jobs in environmental cleanup at the Savannah River Site.

  19. 901 San Antonio Road Palo Alto, CA 94303 USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fischer, Charles N.

    901 San Antonio Road Palo Alto, CA 94303 USA 800 681­8845 http://www.sun.com/microelectronics UltraSPARC ^TM IIi User's Manual Part No.: 805­0087­02 Sun Microelectronics #12; Copyright © 1999 Sun ANY EXPRESS REPRESENTATIONS OR WARRANTIES. IN ADDITION, SUN MICROSYSTEMS, INC. DISCLAIMS ALL IMPLIED

  20. A HISTORY OF ON-ROAD EMISSIONS AND EMISSIONS DETERIORATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    emissions relative to the newer. · Why? IM240 is registration based, every old car is supposed to be testedA HISTORY OF ON-ROAD EMISSIONS AND EMISSIONS DETERIORATION www.feat.biochem.du.edu www of Denver 2101 E. Wesley Ave. Denver, CO 80208 303 871-2580.. FAX 2587 dstedman@du.edu #12;Emissions

  1. On-Road Emission Measurements of Reactive Nitrogen Compounds from

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    - equippedvehiclesarenotbelievedtobesignificant(1).Oxides of nitrogen (NOx) emission rates from light-duty gasoline vehicles have been shown to be rapidly decreasing across the United States, but total NOx emissions are decreasing at a slower rate dueOn-Road Emission Measurements of Reactive Nitrogen Compounds from Three California Cities G A R Y

  2. Considering Climate Change in Road and Building Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    - time maximum 3-second wind speed. Cur- rent climate models do not generate this informationConsidering Climate Change in Road and Building Design First Infrastructure and Climate Network in infrastruc- ture design? How can engineers design for a changing climate? How can climate scien- tists better

  3. Road to Discovery Blog Riding for the Lives of Children

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buechler, Steven

    #12;BOSTON 6.13.11 DALLAS 7.8.11 Road to Discovery Blog Riding for the Lives of Children 2 for us. " " #12;day 1W e had the perfect day today! The weather was a bit chilly at first departed from Ara Parseghian's home in the Boston area. Ara is the grandson of Coach Ara Parseghian, one

  4. Road to Inertial Fusion Energy Fusion Power Associates Meeting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Crack is clear through 5 mm thick deck plate #12;Coal-fired and KrF laser fusion power power plants have-electron-beams-nrl-to-clean-up- nox-emissions-from-coal-power-plant NRL has a Cooperative Research and Development AgreementRoad to Inertial Fusion Energy Fusion Power Associates Meeting Washington DC 16 December 2014

  5. Remote Sensing Messungen zur on-road Bestimmung der

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    LUBETRAX Remote Sensing Messungen zur on-road Bestimmung der Abgase von schweren Motorfahrzeugen, Chur, Zürich, Brugg Dr. Peter Maly (Projektleitung) Dr. Stefan Scherer Dr. G.A. Bishop (Remote Sensing;Inhaltsverzeichnis Zusammenfassung 1 1. Einleitung und Zielsetzung 3 1.1 Remote Sensing Messungen (FEAT) 4 1

  6. Energy Change Institute Cockcroft Building 58, Mills Road

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    course has been provided ­ "Energy Change in a Carbon Trading World". The range of educational offeringsEnergy Change Institute Cockcroft Building 58, Mills Road Canberra ACT 0200 Australia T 02 6125 4702 (direct) T 02 6125 0633 (administrator) F 02 6125 2452 E energy.change@anu.edu.au W www.energy

  7. HCEI Road Map and Introduction and Overview 2011

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    This road map is a summary of the 2011 key goals and strategies of the Hawaii Clean Energy Initiative, which was founded based on a Memorandum of Understanding between the State of Hawaii and the U.S. Department of Energy in 2008.

  8. MILESTONES ON THE ROAD TO CLIMATE SCIENCE Eugene Rasmusson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeng, Ning

    1 MILESTONES ON THE ROAD TO CLIMATE SCIENCE Eugene Rasmusson THANK YOU! This has been a great day-laws said the same thing. I think my contributions to climate science are appropriately described by a 12th." However, the seeds of a new and broadened climate perspective could be found in the reviews of several

  9. MILESTONES ON THE ROAD TO CLIMATE SCIENCE Eugene Rasmusson

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nigam, Sumant

    1 MILESTONES ON THE ROAD TO CLIMATE SCIENCE Eugene Rasmusson THANK YOU! This has been a great day-laws said the same thing. I think my contributions to climate science are appropriately described by a 12th of a new and broadened climate perspective could be found in the reviews of several other specialties

  10. YACOUBA MOUMOUNI 939 E. FLAMINGO ROAD APT#29

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baker, R. Jacob

    1 YACOUBA MOUMOUNI 939 E. FLAMINGO ROAD APT#29 LAS VEGAS, NEVADA 89119 USA E-mail: yacoubam de Nevada, USA Option : Energie/Energie Renouvelable (Solaire) Masters (MS) Génie Mécanique, Mai 2012 Université de Nevada, USA Option : Fluide et Thermosciences/ Energie Solaire These : Mise En

  11. The Northern Highlands: Where does the road lead?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Northern Highlands: Where does the road lead? Steve Carpenter Professor Center for Limnology the Northern Highland: Climate Population Economy Resilience . . . Living resources, land and lakes Creativity, energy of Northern Highland people (comments from March workshop) #12;Are there obstacles to innovation

  12. Fuel-Based On-Road Motor Vehicle Emissions Inventory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    Fuel-Based On-Road Motor Vehicle Emissions Inventory for the Denver Metropolitan Area Sajal S -legally correct but ... Measured grams pollutant per kg of fuel from RSD -quantifiable uncertainty Fuel sales from tax department -quite precise Inventory -uncertainty can be estimated Travel Based Model Fuel

  13. Multicriteria decision analysis applied to the evaluation of road projects at the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Libre de Bruxelles, Université

    Multicriteria decision analysis applied to the evaluation of road projects at the design stage in this publication. #12;Multicriteria decision analysis applied to the evaluation of road projects at the design evaluation of road projects in a sustainable development perspective" English version Title: Multicriteria

  14. Highway 280 North or South Take the Sand Hill Road exit, head east

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ford, James

    Highway 280 North or South · Take the Sand Hill Road exit, head east · Turn right on Stock Farm for "all" below From Bayshore US Highway 101 NorthFrom Bayshore US Highway 101 North or South · Take · Turn left on Stock Farm Road LKSC ParkingTurn left on Stock Farm Road · Make the next lefthand turn

  15. From GPS Traces to a Routable Road Map Department of Computer Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krumm, John

    pulls together traces that belong on the same road in response to simulated potential energy wellsFrom GPS Traces to a Routable Road Map Lili Cao Department of Computer Science University presents a method for automatically converting raw GPS traces from everyday vehicles into a routable road

  16. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MOBILE COMPUTING 1 Road Network-Aware Spatial Alarms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Ling

    IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON MOBILE COMPUTING 1 Road Network-Aware Spatial Alarms Kisung Lee, Ling Liu, Balaji Palanisamy, and Emre Yigitoglu Abstract--Road network-aware spatial alarms extend the concept of time-based alarms to spatial dimension and remind us when we travel on spatially constrained road

  17. Forecasting Spatiotemporal Impact of Traffic Incidents on Road Networks Bei Pan, Ugur Demiryurek, Cyrus Shahabi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shahabi, Cyrus

    Forecasting Spatiotemporal Impact of Traffic Incidents on Road Networks Bei Pan, Ugur Demiryurek and quantifying the impact of traffic incidents. Traffic incidents include any non-recurring events on road networks, including accidents, weather hazard, road construction or work zone closures. By analyzing

  18. Seljuk Muqarnas along the Silk Road Harmsen, Silvia and Jungblut, Daniel and Krmker, Susanne

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gertz, Michael

    Seljuk Muqarnas along the Silk Road Harmsen, Silvia and Jungblut, Daniel and Krömker, Susanne URL.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/volltextserver/help/license_pod.html #12;Seljuk Muqarnas along the Silk Road Silvia Harmsen, Daniel Jungblut, Susanne Kr¨omker September 2007 Abstract The film Seljuk Muqarnas along the Silk Road gives an overview of muqarnas, stalactite

  19. Public Perceptions of Toll Roads: A Survey of the Texas Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kockelman, Kara M.

    Public Perceptions of Toll Roads: A Survey of the Texas Perspective By Kaethe V. Podgorski Graduate 70% agreed on attending to existing roads first, keeping existing roads toll-free, reducing tolls. However, because these taxes have not been tied to inflation and improved vehicle fuel efficiencies have

  20. IDENTIFYING DIFFERENCES IN WET AND DRY ROAD CRASHES USING DATA MINING Emerson D a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liang, Huizhi "Elly"

    ]. These criteria aim to develop roads that sustain set maximum traffic volumes at certain traffic speeds with low1 IDENTIFYING DIFFERENCES IN WET AND DRY ROAD CRASHES USING DATA MINING Emerson D a , Nayak R, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia. b. Road Asset Management Branch

  1. GPS World | July 2011 www.gpsworld.com28 TRANSPORTATION | Road and Marine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford University

    GPS World | July 2011 www.gpsworld.com28 TRANSPORTATION | Road and Marine B Moving, Stanford University IntegrityforNon-AviationUsers #12;Road and Marine | TRANSPORTATION www TRANSPORTATION | Road and Marine www.gpsworld.com/ specific_risk FIGURE 2 Fault tree for CAT I GBAS integrity

  2. Seismic stimulation for enhanced oil recovery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pride, S.R.

    2008-01-01

    aims to enhance oil production by sending seismic wavesbe expected to enhance oil production. INTRODUCTION The hopethe reservoir can cause oil production to increase. Quite

  3. WASTEWATER TREATMENT IN THE OIL SHALE INDUSTRY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fox, J.P.

    2010-01-01

    H. H. Peters, Shale Oil Waste Water Recovery by Evaporation,treatment of oil shale waste products. Consequently, bothmost difficult and costly oil shale waste stream requiring

  4. Water Heaters (Storage Oil) | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Oil) Water Heaters (Storage Oil) Water Heater, Storage Oil - v1.0.xlsx More Documents & Publications Water Heaters (Tankless Electric) Water Heaters (Storage Electric)...

  5. WASTEWATER TREATMENT IN THE OIL SHALE INDUSTRY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fox, J.P.

    2010-01-01

    during oil shale retorting: retort water and gas condensate.commercial oil shale plant, retort water and gas condensateunique to an oil shale retort water, gas condensate, and

  6. DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS Physics 32100

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brinkmann, Peter

    DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS Syllabus Physics 32100 Modern Physics for Engineers Designation to one- electron atoms, atomic shell structure and periodic table; nuclear physics, relativity. Prerequisites: Prereq.: Physics 20800 or equivalent, Math 20300 or 20900 (elective for Engineering students

  7. DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS Physics 21900

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brinkmann, Peter

    DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS Syllabus Physics 21900 Physics for Architecture Students Designation suggested material: Giancoli, Physics, Principles with Applications (6th ed.) (required), Prentice Hall Giancoli, Physics, Principles with Applications, Student Guide (6th ed.) (optional), Prentice Hall Course

  8. DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS Physics 20300

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brinkmann, Peter

    DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS Syllabus Physics 20300 General Physics Designation: Required Undergraduate Catalog description: For majors in the life sciences (biology, medicine, dentistry, psychology, physical therapy) and for liberal arts students. Fundamental ideas and laws of physics from mechanics to modern

  9. A network analysis of the global energy market: an insight on the entanglement between crude oil and the world economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruzzenenti, Franco; Papandreou, Andreas

    2015-01-01

    One major hurdle in the road toward a low carbon economy is the present entanglement of developed economies with oil. This tight relationship is mirrored in the correlation between most of economic indicators with oil price. This paper addresses the role of oil compared to the other three main energy commodities -coal, gas and electricity, in shaping the international trading network (ITW or WTW, world trade web) in the light of network theory. It initially surveys briefly the literature on the correlation between oil prices with economic growth and compares the concepts of time correlation with the concept of spatial correlation brought about by network theory. It outlines the conceptual framework underpinning the network measures adopted in the analysis and results are presented. Three measures are taken into account: the ratio of mutual exchanges in the network (reciprocity); the role of distances in determining trades (spatial filling); and the spatial correlation of energy commodities with the whole trad...

  10. Oil and Gas Investor returns climb as oil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arizona, University of

    Oil and Gas Investor returns climb as oil and gas drilling ventures succeed. www #12;Eng-Tips Forum Medical News Building/Construction · Engineers Advance Fuel Cell Technology · Micro

  11. Located between Snyder Hill Road and Ellis Hollow Road, this precinct is at the periphery of the main campus and is home to the research facilities used by the College of Veterinary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Tsuhan

    205 Located between Snyder Hill Road and Ellis Hollow Road, this precinct is at the periphery a defined spine running north to south along Hungerford road. The Baker Laboratory and its support buildings end of Hungerford Road looking west to the core campus should be preserved. The forested area

  12. Used Oil and Filter Disposal Used Oil: Create a segregated storage area or container. Label the container "Waste Oil Only".

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maroncelli, Mark

    the container "Waste Oil Only". Maintain a written log to document all amounts and types of oil addedUsed Oil and Filter Disposal Used Oil: Create a segregated storage area or container. Label to the container. No solvents, oil contaminated with solvents, PCBs, non-petroleum based oils, or any other

  13. Combustion Properties of Biomass Flash Pyrolysis Oils: Final Project Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    C. R. Shaddix; D. R. Hardesty

    1999-04-01

    Thermochemical pyrolysis of solid biomass feedstocks, with subsequent condensation of the pyrolysis vapors, has been investigated in the U.S. and internationally as a means of producing a liquid fuel for power production from biomass. This process produces a fuel with significantly different physical and chemical properties from traditional petroleum-based fuel oils. In addition to storage and handling difficulties with pyrolysis oils, concern exists over the ability to use this fuel effectively in different combustors. The report endeavors to place the results and conclusions from Sandia's research into the context of international efforts to utilize pyrolysis oils. As a special supplement to this report, Dr. Steven Gust, of Finland's Neste Oy, has provided a brief assessment of pyrolysis oil combustion research efforts and commercialization prospects in Europe.

  14. The Development of Dynamic Operational Risk Assessment in Oil/Gas and Chemical Industries 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Xiaole

    2011-08-08

    In oil/gas and chemical industries, dynamics is one of the most essential characteristics of any process. Time-dependent response is involved in most steps of both the physical/engineering processes and the equipment ...

  15. The relationship between crude oil and natural gas spot prices and its stability over time

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramberg, David J. (David John)

    2010-01-01

    The historical basis for a link between crude oil and natural gas prices was examined to determine whether one has existed in the past and exists in the present. Physical bases for a price relationship are examined. An ...

  16. Virent is Replacing Crude Oil

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Breakout Session 2A—Conversion Technologies II: Bio-Oils, Sugar Intermediates, Precursors, Distributed Models, and Refinery Co-Processing Virent is Replacing Crude Oil Randy Cortright, Founder & Chief Technology Officer, Virent

  17. Business cycles in oil economies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Al-Mutairi, N.H.

    1991-01-01

    This study examines the impact of oil price shocks on output fluctuations of several oil-exporting economies. In most studies of business cycles, the role of oil price is ignored; the few studies that use oil price as one of the variables in the system focus on modeling oil-importing economies. The vector autoregression (VAR) technique is used to consider the cases of Norway, Nigeria, and Mexico. Both atheoretical and structural' VARs are estimated to determine the importance of oil price impulses on output variations. The study reports two types of results: variance decomposition and impulse response functions, with particular emphasis on the issues of stationarity and co-integration among the series. The empirical results suggest that shocks to oil price are important in explaining output variations. In most cases, shocks to oil price are shown to explain more than 20% of the forecast variance of output over a 40-quarter horizon.

  18. Oil | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuelsof EnergyApril 2014DepartmentCouncilOffice of the ChiefResearchOil Oil For

  19. Oil and gas outlook

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming Dry Natural GasNatural GasEIARegionalMethodologyNorth093 *Oil andOil and

  20. Effect of Acid, Alkali, and Steam Explosion Pretreatments on Characteristics of Bio-Oil Produced from Pinewood

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Hui; Srinivasan, Radhakrishnan; Yu, Fei; Steele, Philip; Li, Qi; Mitchell, Brian

    2011-06-21

    Bio-oil produced from pinewood by fast pyrolysis has the potential to be a valuable substitute for fossil fuels. Pretreatment prior to the fast pyrolysis process has been shown to alter the structure and chemical composition of biomass. To determine the influence of biomass pretreatments on bio-oil produced during fast pyrolysis, we tested three pretreatment methods: dilute acid, dilute alkali, and steam explosion. Bio-oils were produced from untreated and pretreated pinewood feedstocks in an auger reactor at 450 C. The bio-oils�¢���� physical properties including pH, water content, acid value, density, viscosity, and heating value were measured. Chemical characteristics of the bio-oils were determined by gas chromatographymass spectrometry. Results showed that bio-oil yield and composition were influenced by biomass pretreatment. Of the three pretreatment methods, 1%H2SO4 pretreatment resulted in the highest bio-oil yield and best bio-oil quality.

  1. Location Privacy with Road network Mix-zones Balaji Palanisamy, Ling Liu, Kisung Lee, Aameek Singh and Yuzhe Tang

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Ling

    Location Privacy with Road network Mix-zones Balaji Palanisamy, Ling Liu, Kisung Lee, Aameek Singh attacks that make mix-zones on road networks vulnerable and illustrate a set of counter measures to make road network mix-zones attack resilient. Concretely, we categorize the vulnerabilities of road network

  2. Adapt-Traf: An adaptive multiagent road traffic management system based on hybrid ant-hierarchical fuzzy model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casillas Barranquero, Jorge

    of the energy consumption, and others. Road traffic management consists on improving the traffic fluency on roadAdapt-Traf: An adaptive multiagent road traffic management system based on hybrid ant systems Ant colony Hierarchical fuzzy system Traffic simulation a b s t r a c t Usually, road networks

  3. Nineteenth oil shale symposium proceedings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gary, J.H.

    1986-01-01

    This book contains 23 selections. Some of the titles are: Effects of maturation on hydrocarbon recoveries from Canadian oil shale deposits; Dust and pressure generated during commercial oil shale mine blasting: Part II; The petrosix project in Brazil - An update; Pathway of some trace elements during fluidized-bed combustion of Israeli Oil Shale; and Decommissioning of the U.S. Department of Energy Anvil Points Oil Shale Research Facility.

  4. 10 December 1999 Z .Chemical Physics Letters 314 1999 389395

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levis, Robert J.

    10 December 1999 Z .Chemical Physics Letters 314 1999 389­395 www ) Department of Chemistry, Cambridge UniÕersity, Lensfield Road, Cambridge CB2 1EW, UK Received 3 August 1999; in final form 11 October 1999 Abstract Z 12 y2 . Ä 4The intense 10 W cm , 800 nm near-infrared laser

  5. Godfrey Road, Florida: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainableGlynn County, Georgia: Energy Resources Jump to:Godfrey Road, Florida:

  6. HCEI Road Map: 2011 Edition (Brochure) | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum12,ExecutiveFinancing Programs |Reference Station DesignEnergy 0 DOEHCEI Road

  7. Road Tripping through the Geothermal Frontier | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsofProgram: Report AppendicesA Token Requesting AQuestionsRevolving LoanRiskofRoad

  8. Oil Conservation Division Environmental Bureau

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oil Conservation Division Environmental Bureau Brine Well Collapse Evaluation Report June 18, 2009 Prukop of the Energy, Minerals and Natural Resources Department (EMNRD) ordered the Oil Conservation directed OCD to work with the Environmental Protection Agency, other states, technical experts, and oil

  9. Hypocholesterolemic Effects of Marine Oils

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hypocholesterolemic Effects of Marine Oils UNITED STATES DEPART MENT OF THE INTERIOR FISH FISHERIES, H. E. Crowther, Director Hypocholesterolemic Effects of Marine Oils By JAMES J. PEIFER Excerpt from Chapter 23 of the book, "Fish Oils,·· M. E. Stansby, editor Avi Publishing Company, Westport

  10. OIL ANALYSIS LAB TRIVECTOR ANALYSIS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    OIL ANALYSIS LAB TRIVECTOR ANALYSIS This test method is a good routine test for the overall condition of the oil, the cleanliness, and can indicate the presence of wear metals that could be coming of magnetic metal particles within the oil. This may represent metals being worn from components (i

  11. The Politics of Oil Nationalizations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahdavi, Paasha

    2015-01-01

    s ability to use oil wealth to finance its expenditures.Finance Bribes paid to SOCAR officials Bribes through agents to Sonangol, Iraqi oilFinance Act, and in the United States the effective tax rate is 16.7% for shallow-water oil

  12. Adapting to Change 475 Wildlife-Vehicle Collisions Data Collection PREDICTIVE MODELS OF HERPETOFAUNA ROAD MORTALITY HOTSPOTS IN EXTENSIVE ROAD NETWORKS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Langen, Tom A.

    mortality risk and road-caused habitat fragmentation indicate that effective monitoring and mitigation- kill risk or critical corridors for habitat and population connectivity. While such models have already are expensive or labor-intensive, making them impractical to implement throughout a road network (see reviews

  13. African oil plays

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clifford, A.J. )

    1989-09-01

    The vast continent of Africa hosts over eight sedimentary basins, covering approximately half its total area. Of these basins, only 82% have entered a mature exploration phase, 9% have had little or no exploration at all. Since oil was first discovered in Africa during the mid-1950s, old play concepts continue to bear fruit, for example in Egypt and Nigeria, while new play concepts promise to become more important, such as in Algeria, Angola, Chad, Egypt, Gabon, and Sudan. The most exciting developments of recent years in African oil exploration are: (1) the Gamba/Dentale play, onshore Gabon; (2) the Pinda play, offshore Angola; (3) the Lucula/Toca play, offshore Cabinda; (4) the Metlaoui play, offshore Libya/Tunisia; (5) the mid-Cretaceous sand play, Chad/Sudan; and (6) the TAG-I/F6 play, onshore Algeria. Examples of these plays are illustrated along with some of the more traditional oil plays. Where are the future oil plays likely to develop No doubt, the Saharan basins of Algeria and Libya will feature strongly, also the presalt of Equatorial West Africa, the Central African Rift System and, more speculatively, offshore Ethiopia and Namibia, and onshore Madagascar, Mozambique, and Tanzania.

  14. Production of Shale Oil 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loper, R. D.

    1982-01-01

    part of 40% share up to a maximum of $1.1 billion. North of these two projects are the two prot Federal lease projects in Colorado -- the we most operated by the Rio Blanco Shale Oil Co a limited partnership between Amoco and Gulf Their early...

  15. Dying for oil

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sachs, A.

    1996-05-01

    This article discusses the fight and execution of Ken Saro-Wiwa, the Ogoni leader who defended his people`s land on the Niger delta against oil development encouraged by the government and persued by the Royal/Dutch Shell Co. Political reprocussions and heightened vigilance of environmental activists are discussed at length.

  16. World Oil Transit Chokepoints

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2012-01-01

    Chokepoints are narrow channels along widely used global sea routes, some so narrow that restrictions are placed on the size of vessel that can navigate through them. They are a critical part of global energy security due to the high volume of oil traded through their narrow straits.

  17. Structural Oil Pan With Integrated Oil Filtration And Cooling System

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Freese, V, Charles Edwin (Westland, MI)

    2000-05-09

    An oil pan for an internal combustion engine includes a body defining a reservoir for collecting engine coolant. The reservoir has a bottom and side walls extending upwardly from the bottom to present a flanged lip through which the oil pan may be mounted to the engine. An oil cooler assembly is housed within the body of the oil pan for cooling lubricant received from the engine. The body includes an oil inlet passage formed integrally therewith for receiving lubricant from the engine and delivering lubricant to the oil cooler. In addition, the body also includes an oil pick up passage formed integrally therewith for providing fluid communication between the reservoir and the engine through the flanged lip.

  18. Vegetable oils: Precombustion characteristics and performance as diesel fuels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bagby, M.O.

    1986-03-01

    Vegetable oils show technical promise as alternative fuels for diesel engines and have good potential as emergency fuels. Realistically, vegetable oils cause a number of problems when used in direct-injection diesel engines, generally attributable to inefficient combustion. At least partially responsible for poor combustion of neat vegetable oils are their high viscosity and non-volatility. To improve combustion several somewhat empirical approaches involving both chemical and physical modifications have been investigated by endurance tests in a variety of engines. Using the EMA 200 h engine screening test, several fuels show technical promise. These include methyl, ethyl, and butyl esters; high-oleic oils:diesel blend (1:3); diesel:soybean oil:butanol:cetane improver (33:33:33:1); and microemulsion fuels (diesel:soybean oil:190 proff ethanol:butanol, 50:25:5:20) and (soybean oil:methanol:2-octanol:cetane improver, 53:13:33:1). Using a pressure vessel, fuel injection system, and high speed motion picture camera, fuel injection characteristics of vegetable oils, e.g., soybean, sunflower, cottonseed, and peanut, have been observed in a quiescent nitrogen atmosphere at 480/sup 0/C and 4.1MPa. Their injection and atomization characteristics are markedly different from those of petroleum derived diesel fuels. Heating the vegetable oils to lower their viscosities increased spray penetration rate, reduced spray cone angles, and resulted in spray characteristics resembling those of diesel fuel. Significant chemical changes occurred following injection. Samples collected at about 400 microseconds after the injection event consisted of appreciable quantities of C/sub 4/-C/sub 16/ hydrocarbons, and free carboxyl groups were present.

  19. Energy Policy 34 (2006) 515531 Have we run out of oil yet? Oil peaking analysis from

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01

    of conventional oil production from an optimist's perspective. Is the oil peak imminent? What is the range oil production, geological constraints on the rates at which oil can be produced are not represented. Unconventional oil is chosen because production from Venezuela's heavy-oil fields and Canada's Athabascan oil

  20. Cultural Resource Investigations for a Multipurpose Haul Road on the Idaho National Laboratory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brenda R. Pace; Cameron Brizzee; Hollie Gilbert; Clayton Marler; Julie Braun Williams

    2010-08-01

    The U. S. Department of Energy, Idaho Operations Office is considering options for construction of a multipurpose haul road to transport materials and wastes between the Materials and Fuels Complex (MFC) and other Idaho National Laboratory (INL) Site facilities. The proposed road will be closed to the public and designed for limited year-round use. Two primary options are under consideration: a new route south of the existing T-25 power line road and an upgrade to road T-24. In the Spring of 2010, archaeological field surveys and initial coordination and field reconnaissance with representatives from the Shoshone-Bannock Tribes were completed to identify any resources that may be adversely affected by the proposed road construction and to develop recommendations to protect any listed or eligible for listing on the National Register of Historic Places. The investigations showed that 24 archaeological resources and one historic marker are located in the area of potential effects for road construction and operation south of the T-25 powerline road and 27archaeological resources are located in the area of potential effects for road construction and operation along road T-24. Generalized tribal concerns regarding protection of natural resources were also documented in both road corridors. This report outlines recommendations for additional investigations and protective measures that can be implemented to minimize adverse impacts to the identified resources.

  1. @Why Physics Comprehensive Physics Major.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoo, S. J. Ben

    @Why Physics Comprehensive Physics Major. From the basic laws of physics to the resulting emergent behavior, physics studies what the universe is made of and how it works. As a Physics major that surrounds us, to the structure and evolution of the entire universe. We offer three degrees in Physics

  2. Just oil? The distribution of environmental and social impacts of oil production and consumption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Rourke, D; Connolly, S

    2003-01-01

    bution of the impacts of oil production and consumption. Theof harmful effects from oil production and use. A criticaland procedural impacts of oil production and consumption

  3. Just oil? The distribution of environmental and social impacts of oil production and consumption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Rourke, D; Connolly, S

    2003-01-01

    of the impacts of oil production and consumption. The reviewimpacts of oil production and consumption conclude theincreased oil production and consumption. But how well do

  4. Just oil? The distribution of environmental and social impacts of oil production and consumption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Rourke, D; Connolly, S

    2003-01-01

    AND SOCIAL IMPACTS OF OIL product, product that does notthe quantity of oil products that escapes from pipelines. ”transport of crude oil and petroleum products accounted for

  5. Just oil? The distribution of environmental and social impacts of oil production and consumption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Rourke, D; Connolly, S

    2003-01-01

    VII. IMPACTS OF OIL CONSUMPTION . . . . . . .and the location of oil consumption necessitates that crudere?neries. VII. IMPACTS OF OIL CONSUMPTION The combustion of

  6. Unconventional Oil and Gas Resources

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2006-09-15

    World oil use is projected to grow to 98 million b/d in 2015 and 118 million b/d in 2030. Total world natural gas consumption is projected to rise to 134 Tcf in 2015 and 182 Tcf in 2030. In an era of declining production and increasing demand, economically producing oil and gas from unconventional sources is a key challenge to maintaining global economic growth. Some unconventional hydrocarbon sources are already being developed, including gas shales, tight gas sands, heavy oil, oil sands, and coal bed methane. Roughly 20 years ago, gas production from tight sands, shales, and coals was considered uneconomic. Today, these resources provide 25% of the U.S. gas supply and that number is likely to increase. Venezuela has over 300 billion barrels of unproven extra-heavy oil reserves which would give it the largest reserves of any country in the world. It is currently producing over 550,000 b/d of heavy oil. Unconventional oil is also being produced in Canada from the Athabasca oil sands. 1.6 trillion barrels of oil are locked in the sands of which 175 billion barrels are proven reserves that can be recovered using current technology. Production from 29 companies now operating there exceeds 1 million barrels per day. The report provides an overview of continuous petroleum sources and gives a concise overview of the current status of varying types of unconventional oil and gas resources. Topics covered in the report include: an overview of the history of Oil and Natural Gas; an analysis of the Oil and Natural Gas industries, including current and future production, consumption, and reserves; a detailed description of the different types of unconventional oil and gas resources; an analysis of the key business factors that are driving the increased interest in unconventional resources; an analysis of the barriers that are hindering the development of unconventional resources; profiles of key producing regions; and, profiles of key unconventional oil and gas producers.

  7. A study of the effects of enhanced oil recovery agents on the quality of Strategic Petroleum Reserves crude oil. Final technical report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kabadi, V.N.

    1992-10-01

    The project was initiated on September 1, 1990. The objective of the project was to carry out a literature search to estimate the types and extents of long time interactions of enhanced oil recovery (EOR) agents, such as surfactants, caustics and polymers, with crude oil. This information is necessary to make recommendations about mixing EOR crude oil with crude oils from primary and secondary recovery processes in the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR). Data were sought on both adverse and beneficial effects of EOR agents that would impact handling, transportation and refining of crude oil. An extensive literature search has been completed, and the following informations has been compiled: (1) a listing of existing EOR test and field projects; (2) a listing of currently used EOR agents; and (3) evidence of short and long term physical and chemical interactions of these EOR-agents with hydrocarbons, and their effects on the quality of crude oil at long times. This information is presented in this report. Finally some conclusions are derived and recommendations are made. Although the conclusions are based mostly on extrapolations because of lack of specific data, it is recommended that the enhancement of the rates of biodegradation of oil catalyzed by the EOR agents needs to be further studied. There is no evidence of substantial long term effects on crude oil because of other interactions. Some recommendations are also made regarding the types of studies that would be necessary to determine the effect of certain EOR agents on the rates of biodegradation of crude oil.

  8. RAPID COMMUNICATIONS PHYSICAL REVIEW E 84, 035303(R) (2011)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huppert, Herbert

    2011-01-01

    of oil represent familiar examples in the cosmetic, cleaning, coating, food, and petroleum industries to minimizing the fluid remaining in the container, which is usually disposed of as waste. To gain some physical

  9. Fuel Used for Off-Road Recreation: A Reassessment of the Fuel Use Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fuel Used for Off-Road Recreation: A Reassessment of the Fuel Use Model Stacy C. Davis Lorena F. Truett Patricia S. Hu #12;ORNL/TM-1999/100 Fuel Used for Off-Road Recreation: A Reassessment of the Fuel.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC05-96OR22464 #12;#12;Fuel Used for Off-Road Recreation

  10. Dynamics of the Oil Transition: Modeling Capacity, Costs, and Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brandt, Adam R.; Farrell, Alexander E.

    2008-01-01

    EOR continues to unlock oil resources. Oil & Gas Journal, [of conventional oil resource availability. Estimates ofthe tar sands and heavy oil resource in Figure 10. Note that

  11. Successful Sequestration and Enhanced Oil Recovery Project Could...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Successful Sequestration and Enhanced Oil Recovery Project Could Mean More Oil and Less CO2 Emissions Successful Sequestration and Enhanced Oil Recovery Project Could Mean More Oil...

  12. Shale oil recovery process

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Zerga, Daniel P. (Concord, CA)

    1980-01-01

    A process of producing within a subterranean oil shale deposit a retort chamber containing permeable fragmented material wherein a series of explosive charges are emplaced in the deposit in a particular configuration comprising an initiating round which functions to produce an upward flexure of the overburden and to initiate fragmentation of the oil shale within the area of the retort chamber to be formed, the initiating round being followed in a predetermined time sequence by retreating lines of emplaced charges developing further fragmentation within the retort zone and continued lateral upward flexure of the overburden. The initiating round is characterized by a plurality of 5-spot patterns and the retreating lines of charges are positioned and fired along zigzag lines generally forming retreating rows of W's. Particular time delays in the firing of successive charges are disclosed.

  13. Oil shale retort apparatus

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Reeves, Adam A. (Grand Junction, CO); Mast, Earl L. (Norman, OK); Greaves, Melvin J. (Littleton, CO)

    1990-01-01

    A retorting apparatus including a vertical kiln and a plurality of tubes for delivering rock to the top of the kiln and removal of processed rock from the bottom of the kiln so that the rock descends through the kiln as a moving bed. Distributors are provided for delivering gas to the kiln to effect heating of the rock and to disturb the rock particles during their descent. The distributors are constructed and disposed to deliver gas uniformly to the kiln and to withstand and overcome adverse conditions resulting from heat and from the descending rock. The rock delivery tubes are geometrically sized, spaced and positioned so as to deliver the shale uniformly into the kiln and form symmetrically disposed generally vertical paths, or "rock chimneys", through the descending shale which offer least resistance to upward flow of gas. When retorting oil shale, a delineated collection chamber near the top of the kiln collects gas and entrained oil mist rising through the kiln.

  14. The virtual oil company

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garibaldi, C.A.; Haney, R.M.; Ross, C.E. [Arthur D Little, Houston, TX (United States)

    1995-09-01

    In anticipation of continuing declines in upstream activity levels over the next 15 years, the virtual oil company model articulates a vision of fewer, leaner, but financially stronger firms that concentrate only on their core competencies and outsource the rest through well-structured partnering arrangements. Freed from the ``clutter,`` these leading companies will be in better position to focus on those opportunities that offer the potential for renewed reserve and revenue growth.

  15. Federal prototype oil shale tract C-A offtract lease, Colorado

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1985-09-01

    A draft environmental impact statement (EPA No. 850428D) assesses the impacts of proposed offtract disposal of waste materials associated with an open pit mine on a prototype oil shale lease tract. The offtract lease would include facilities for retorting, upgrading, power generation, and product storage. Offtract disposal and plant siting would make the mining cite more viable and cost effective. The project would require rerouting of two major country roads, and would eliminate an airport and other facilities. The site would become more isolated, which could affect future development in the area. The Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976 mandates the impact study.

  16. Automatic contour-based road network design for optimized wind farm micrositing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gu, H; Wang, J; Lin, Q; Gong, Q

    2015-01-01

    in Zhejiang: Analysis of wind farm construction cost,” Eastroute slection on wind farm construction,” in Proc. 2010planning of the wind farm construction. A well-chosen road

  17. ?DENTIFICATION OF LOCATION OF ANIMAL-VEHICLE COLLISION AND PRINCIPALS OF ITS MITIGATION ON THE ROADS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kokhan, Oleh

    2015-01-01

    24, Kyiv, 03151, Ukraine. ?-mail: interecocentre@gmail.comthe United States [7]. In Ukraine, according to the Interiorof AVC on the roads in Ukraine. REFERENCES 1. Conover,

  18. Application of SCR and PM-METALIT for Non-Road Applications: SCRi

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Advantages of this new application of SCR and PM-METALIT for non-road applications include compact design, robustness, low backpressure, and cost

  19. USVI Energy Road Map: Charting the Course to a Clean Energy Future...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    More Documents & Publications USVI Energy Road Map: Charting the Course to a Clean Energy Future (Brochure), EDIN (Energy Development in Island Nations), U.S. Virgin Islands...

  20. Technologies for a Sustainable Heavy-Duty On-Road Fleet

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Only selected energy pathways for the heavy-duty on-road fleet are consistent with the joint objectives of reducing petroleum dependence and mitigating climate change

  1. DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS Physics 42200

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brinkmann, Peter

    DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS Syllabus Physics 42200 Biophysics Designation: Undergraduate Catalog and membranes. In depth study of the physical basis of selected systems including vision, nerve transmission. Prerequisites: Prereq.: 1 yr. of Math, 1 yr. of Physics (elective for Physics Majors and Biomedical Engineering

  2. DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS Physics 32300

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brinkmann, Peter

    DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS Syllabus Physics 32300 Quantum Mechanics for Engineers Designation: required for Physics majors in the Applied Physics Option Undergraduate Catalog description: Basic experiments, wave: Physics 20700 and 20800, Math 39100 and Math 39200 Textbook and other suggested material: Scherrer

  3. Dillard Road Solar Power Facility | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, Alabama (UtilityInstrumentsArea (DOE GTP) JumpDillard Road Solar Power Facility Jump

  4. Lowering On-Road Fuel Use: A Component Approach

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Financing Tool Fits the BillDepartmentSites | DepartmentLowering On-Road Fuel Use: A Component

  5. Airport Road, Wyoming: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowaWisconsin: Energy ResourcesAir Quality Jump to:Airforce WindRoad, Wyoming:

  6. Cross Roads, Texas: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePower VenturesInformation EU-UNDP ClimatePublicCriteriumCrookstonRoads,

  7. City of New Roads, Louisiana (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButte County,Camilla,ThermalCuba City,(RedirectedMinneapolis,City of Neola,Roads,

  8. Bruceville Road Solar Power Facility | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OFAMERICA'SHeavy Electricals Ltd BHEL Jump to:BottomlineBro DyfiBruceville Road

  9. EV Everywhere: Charging on the Road | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would like submitKansas Nuclear Profile 2010Mesoscopy and thermodynamics(Revised)EVon the Road

  10. Subatomic Physics

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    P-25 Subatomic Physics We play a major role in large-scale scientific collaborations around the world, performing nuclear physics experiments that advance the understanding of the...

  11. Crude Oil Prices Table 21. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase...

    Annual Energy Outlook [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1995 41 Table 21. Domestic Crude Oil First Purchase Prices (Dollars per Barrel) - Continued Year Month PAD District II...

  12. International Oil and Gas Board International Oil and Gas Board...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Board International Oil and Gas Board Address Place Zip Website Abu Dhabi Supreme Petroleum Council Abu Dhabi Supreme Petroleum Council Abu Dhabi United Arab Emirates http www...

  13. BP Oil Spill November 10, 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lega, Joceline

    BP Oil Spill Qiyam Tung November 10, 2011 1 Introduction Figure 1: BP Oil spill (source: http://thefoxisblack.com/2010/05/02/the-bp-oil-spill-in-the-gulf-of-mexico/) Last year, there was a major oil spill caused major techniques to minimize the threat once it happened. What kind of damage would an oil spill like this cause

  14. The twentieth oil shale symposium proceedings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gary, J.H.

    1987-01-01

    This book contains 20 selections. Some of the titles are: The technical contributions of John Ward Smith in oil shale research; Oil shale rubble fires: ignition and extinguishment; Fragmentation of eastern oil shale for in situ recovery; A study of thermal properties of Chinese oil shale; and Natural invasion of native plants on retorted oil shale.

  15. Canadian Oil Sands: Canada An Emerging Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boisvert, Jeff

    , the expectations regarding oil sands productive capacity, the assumption that all land disturbed by Syncrude1 Canadian Oil Sands: Canada ­ An Emerging Energy Superpower 0 University of Alberta February 8 Oil Sands Limited ("Canadian Oil Sands"), Syncrude Canada Ltd. ("Syncrude") and the oil sands industry

  16. International Oil Supplies and Demands

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-04-01

    The eleventh Energy Modeling Forum (EMF) working group met four times over the 1989--1990 period to compare alternative perspectives on international oil supplies and demands through 2010 and to discuss how alternative supply and demand trends influence the world's dependence upon Middle Eastern oil. Proprietors of eleven economic models of the world oil market used their respective models to simulate a dozen scenarios using standardized assumptions. From its inception, the study was not designed to focus on the short-run impacts of disruptions on oil markets. Nor did the working group attempt to provide a forecast or just a single view of the likely future path for oil prices. The model results guided the group's thinking about many important longer-run market relationships and helped to identify differences of opinion about future oil supplies, demands, and dependence.

  17. International Oil Supplies and Demands

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-09-01

    The eleventh Energy Modeling Forum (EMF) working group met four times over the 1989--90 period to compare alternative perspectives on international oil supplies and demands through 2010 and to discuss how alternative supply and demand trends influence the world's dependence upon Middle Eastern oil. Proprietors of eleven economic models of the world oil market used their respective models to simulate a dozen scenarios using standardized assumptions. From its inception, the study was not designed to focus on the short-run impacts of disruptions on oil markets. Nor did the working group attempt to provide a forecast or just a single view of the likely future path for oil prices. The model results guided the group's thinking about many important longer-run market relationships and helped to identify differences of opinion about future oil supplies, demands, and dependence.

  18. Just oil? The distribution of environmental and social impacts of oil production and consumption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Rourke, D; Connolly, S

    2003-01-01

    state oil companies, Saudi Aramco, Petroleos de Venezuela,state oil companies, Saudi Aramco, Petroleos de Venezuela,

  19. GRADUATE BOOKLET Physics / Applied Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rock, Chris

    GRADUATE BOOKLET Physics / Applied Physics This booklet contains rules, guidelines and general information about graduate studies in the Physics Department at Texas Tech University. It does not replace documents. Contents I. General Comments: Admission, general policies, deadlines, etc II. Minimum

  20. APPLIED PHYSICS REVIEWS--FOCUSED REVIEW Negative bias temperature instability: Road to cross in deep submicron

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schroder, Dieter K.

    in deep submicron silicon semiconductor manufacturing Dieter K. Schrodera) Department of Electrical Engineering and Center for Low Power Electronics, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 85287-5706 Jeff A, nitride, water, fluorine, boron, gate material, holes, temperature, electric field, and gate length

  1. The Road to a Sustainable Energy Future | Princeton Plasma Physics Lab

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservationBio-Inspired Solar FuelTechnologyTel: Name:Department ofThe DOEThe31, 2015, 9:30am

  2. Oil-Particle Interactions and Submergence from Crude Oil Spills in Marine and Freshwater Environments--

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oil-Particle Interactions and Submergence from Crude Oil Spills in Marine and Freshwater of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey #12;#12;Oil-Particle Interactions and Submergence from Crude Oil Spills, 2015, Oil-particle interactions and submergence from crude oil spills in marine and freshwater

  3. Solar retorting of oil shale

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Gregg, David W. (Morago, CA)

    1983-01-01

    An apparatus and method for retorting oil shale using solar radiation. Oil shale is introduced into a first retorting chamber having a solar focus zone. There the oil shale is exposed to solar radiation and rapidly brought to a predetermined retorting temperature. Once the shale has reached this temperature, it is removed from the solar focus zone and transferred to a second retorting chamber where it is heated. In a second chamber, the oil shale is maintained at the retorting temperature, without direct exposure to solar radiation, until the retorting is complete.

  4. The Politics of Oil Nationalizations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahdavi, Paasha

    2015-01-01

    and produce oil in the offshore Gulf of Mexico fields mustDutch territories (mostly offshore). The fields themselvesfirst production, and offshore dummy – are estimated using

  5. Oil cooled, hermetic refrigerant compressor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    English, William A. (Murrysville, PA); Young, Robert R. (Murrysville, PA)

    1985-01-01

    A hermetic refrigerant compressor having an electric motor and compressor assembly in a hermetic shell is cooled by oil which is first cooled in an external cooler 18 and is then delivered through the shell to the top of the motor rotor 24 where most of it is flung radially outwardly within the confined space provided by the cap 50 which channels the flow of most of the oil around the top of the stator 26 and then out to a multiplicity of holes 52 to flow down to the sump and provide further cooling of the motor and compressor. Part of the oil descends internally of the motor to the annular chamber 58 to provide oil cooling of the lower part of the motor, with this oil exiting through vent hole 62 also to the sump. Suction gas with entrained oil and liquid refrigerant therein is delivered to an oil separator 68 from which the suction gas passes by a confined path in pipe 66 to the suction plenum 64 and the separated oil drops from the separator to the sump. By providing the oil cooling of the parts, the suction gas is not used for cooling purposes and accordingly increase in superheat is substantially avoided in the passage of the suction gas through the shell to the suction plenum 64.

  6. Oil cooled, hermetic refrigerant compressor

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    English, W.A.; Young, R.R.

    1985-05-14

    A hermetic refrigerant compressor having an electric motor and compressor assembly in a hermetic shell is cooled by oil which is first cooled in an external cooler and is then delivered through the shell to the top of the motor rotor where most of it is flung radially outwardly within the confined space provided by the cap which channels the flow of most of the oil around the top of the stator and then out to a multiplicity of holes to flow down to the sump and provide further cooling of the motor and compressor. Part of the oil descends internally of the motor to the annular chamber to provide oil cooling of the lower part of the motor, with this oil exiting through vent hole also to the sump. Suction gas with entrained oil and liquid refrigerant therein is delivered to an oil separator from which the suction gas passes by a confined path in pipe to the suction plenum and the separated oil drops from the separator to the sump. By providing the oil cooling of the parts, the suction gas is not used for cooling purposes and accordingly increase in superheat is substantially avoided in the passage of the suction gas through the shell to the suction plenum. 3 figs.

  7. Brushing up on oil recovery

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mackey, J.

    1995-12-01

    To be prepared for a range of oil spills, emergency response organizations must have an arsenal of powerful and adaptable equipment. Around the coastal United States, a network of oil spill cooperatives and emergency response organizations stand ready with the technology and the know-how to respond to the first sign of an oil spill. When the telephone rings, they may be required to mop up 200 gallons of oil that leaked off the deck of a ship or to contain and skim 2,000 gallons of oil from a broken hose at a loading terminal. In a few cases each year, they may find themselves responding to a major pollution incident, one that involves hundreds of people and tons of equipment. To clean an oil spill at a New Jersey marine terminal, the local cooperative used the Lundin Oil Recovery Inc. (LORI) skimming system to separate the oil and water and the lift the oil out of the river. The LORI skimming technology is based on sound principles of fluid management - using the natural movement of water instead of trying to fight against it. A natural feeding mechanism delivers oily water through the separation process, and a simple mechanical separation and recovery device - a brush conveyor - removes the pollutants from the water.

  8. Evaluation of mobile emissions contributions to Mexico City's emissions inventory using on-road and cross-road emission measurements and ambient data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zavala-Perez, Miguel Angel

    Mobile emissions represent a significant fraction of the total anthropogenic emissions burden in the Mexico City Metropolitan Area (MCMA) and, therefore, it is crucial to use top-down techniques informed by on-road exhaust ...

  9. Oil shale, tar sand, coal research advanced exploratory process technology, jointly sponsored research. Quarterly technical progress report, October--December 1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Speight, J.G.

    1992-12-31

    Accomplishments for the past quarter are presented for the following five tasks: oil shale; tar sand; coal; advanced exploratory process technology; and jointly sponsored research. Oil shale research covers oil shale process studies. Tar sand research is on process development of Recycle Oil Pyrolysis and Extraction (ROPE) Process. Coal research covers: coal combustion; integrated coal processing concepts; and solid waste management. Advanced exploratory process technology includes: advanced process concepts;advanced mitigation concepts; and oil and gas technology. Jointly sponsored research includes: organic and inorganic hazardous waste stabilization; CROW field demonstration with Bell Lumber and Pole; development and validation of a standard test method for sequential batch extraction fluid; PGI demonstration project; operation and evaluation of the CO{sub 2} HUFF-N-PUFF Process; fly ash binder for unsurfaced road aggregates; solid state NMR analysis of Mesaverde Group, Greater Green River Basin, tight gas sands; flow-loop testing of double-wall pipe for thermal applications; characterization of petroleum residue; shallow oil production using horizontal wells with enhanced oil recovery techniques; surface process study for oil recovery using a thermal extraction process; NMR analysis of samples from the ocean drilling program; in situ treatment of manufactured gas plant contaminated soils demonstration program; and solid state NMR analysis of naturally and artificially matured kerogens.

  10. Oil Market Simulation model user's manual. [Oil market

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-07-01

    The Oil Market Simulation (OMS) model is a LOTUS 1-2-3 spreadsheet that simulates the world oil market. OMS is an annual model that projects the world oil market through the year 2010 from a data base that begins in 1979. The geographic coverage includes all market economies, with net imports from the centrally planned economies taken as an assumption. The model estimates the effects of price changes on oil supply and demand and computes an oil price path over nine that allows supply and demand to remain in balance within the market economies area as a whole. The input assumptions of OMS are highlighted (in color) on the spreadsheet and include the following: The capacity of the OPEC countries to produce petroleum liquids (crude oil, natural gas liquids, condensates, refinery gains); a reference case projection of regional oil supply and demand at some arbitrary reference path of oil prices over time. The reference case provided with this diskette is that used for EIA's latest base case in the International Energy Outlook 1992 DOE/EIA-0484(92). The demonstration requires an IBM PC (or compatible), preferably with a color monitor. The demonstration diskette is self-contained, with all the files needed to run the demonstration. It does not, however, have the DOS system files, so this diskette cannot be used to start (boot) the computer.

  11. Membrane degumming of crude vegetable oil 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Lan

    1997-01-01

    Crude vegetable oils contain various minor substances like phospholipids, coloring pigments, and free fatty acids (FFA) that may affect quality of the oil. Reduction of energy costs and waste disposal are major concerns for many oil refiners who...

  12. WASTEWATER TREATMENT IN THE OIL SHALE INDUSTRY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fox, J.P.

    2010-01-01

    III, "Method of Breaking Shale Oil-Water Emulsion," U. S.Waters from Green River Oil Shale," Chem. and Ind. , 1. ,Effluents from In-Situ oil Shale Processing," in Proceedings

  13. CORROSION OF METALS IN OIL SHALE ENVIRONMENTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bellman Jr., R.

    2012-01-01

    CORROSION OF METALS IN OIL SHALE ENVIRONMENTS A. Levy and R.of Metals in In-Situ Oil Shale Retorts," NACE Corrosion 80,Corrosion of Oil Shale Retort Component Materials," LBL-

  14. Fueling the oil and gas industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saskatchewan, University of

    Autumn2004 Fueling the oil and gas industry Fueling the oil and gas industry #12;College Editor Fueling the oil and gas Industry 12 Building a tradition of tomorrow 13 Planning your gift 14 VCom

  15. CORROSION OF METALS IN OIL SHALE ENVIRONMENTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bellman Jr., R.

    2012-01-01

    CORROSION OF METALS IN OIL SHALE ENVIRONMENTS A. Levy and R.of Metals in In-Situ Oil Shale Retorts," NACE Corrosion 80,Elevated Temperature Corrosion of Oil Shale Retort Component

  16. WASTEWATER TREATMENT IN THE OIL SHALE INDUSTRY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fox, J.P.

    2010-01-01

    Waters from Green River Oil Shale," Chem. and Ind. , 1. ,Effluents from In-Situ oil Shale Processing," in Proceedingsin the Treatment of Oil Shale Retort Waters," in Proceedings

  17. Estimates of Oil Reserves Jean Laherrere

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Donnell, Tom

    Estimates of Oil Reserves Jean Laherrere e-mail: jean.laherrere@wanadoo.fr sites: http oil will solve the present problems on welfare, retirement and they would dearly love to see the reserves of oil

  18. ,"U.S. Crude Oil Imports"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Imports from Denmark of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels)","U.S. Imports from Egypt of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels)","U.S. Imports from Equatorial Guinea of Crude Oil...

  19. NETL: Oil & Gas

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory ofDid you notHeatMaRIEdioxide capture CS Seminars CalendarOil & Gas

  20. Sound Oil Company

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OF APPLICABLE DIRECTIVESDepartment of EnergyEnergy SolyndraSound Oil

  1. Residential heating oil price

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming Dry Natural GasNaturalOctober 2015Administration (EIA)heating oil

  2. fuel_oil.pdf

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet) Wyoming Dry NaturalPrices1 Table 1.10 Cooling Degree-DaysATTN: EIA-191Fuel Oil

  3. Reference: RGL 86-03 Subject: EXEMPTIONS TO CWA-ROADS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    of which is exempted by Section 404(f)(1)(E) of the Clean Water Act: "The determination whether a road is a forest road under Section 404(f)(1)(E) is not limited to consideration of its use in tree harvesting per for harvesting trees, and which subsequently will itself be used directly in harvesting, may also reasonably

  4. An Investigation of Different Computing Sources for Mobile Application Outsourcing on the Road

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Songqing

    mobile applications on the road. Considering the response time to the user and the battery powerAn Investigation of Different Computing Sources for Mobile Application Outsourcing on the Road@gmu.edu,sqchen@cs.gmu.edu Abstract. Mobile applications are growing fast due to pervasive usage of mobile devices. With inherently

  5. Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle On-Road Emissions Characterization and Demonstration Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hohl, Carrie

    2012-12-31

    On-road emissions and operating data were collected from a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) over the course of 6months spanning August 2007 through January 2008 providing the first comprehensive on-road evaluation of the PHEV drivetrain...

  6. Avian Response to Road Construction Noise with Emphasis on the Endangered Golden-cheeked Warbler 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lackey, Melissa A.

    2011-08-08

    of construction noise on reproductive success and territory selection of golden-cheeked warblers (Dendroica chrysoparia) at 3 sites: adjacent to road construction, adjacent to road-noise only, and a control with no noise or construction activity. I also examined...

  7. LASER SCANNING AND NOISE REDUCTION APPLIED TO 3D ROAD SURFACE ANALYSIS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LASER SCANNING AND NOISE REDUCTION APPLIED TO 3D ROAD SURFACE ANALYSIS Thorsten Schulz and Hilmar, EAWAG Email: michele.steiner@eawag.ch Abstract: Terrestrial laser scanning was applied to acquire 3D the catchment area of a road with respect to a pilot plant. As laser scanning requires only a few minutes

  8. Experiments for Online Estimation of Heavy Vehicle's Mass and Time-Varying Road Grade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stefanopoulou, Anna

    for online estimation of Heavy Duty Vehicle mass and road grade. The test data is obtained from high- wayExperiments for Online Estimation of Heavy Vehicle's Mass and Time-Varying Road Grade Ardalan Vahidi 1 Anna Stefanopoulou Huei Peng Mechanical Engineering Dept., University of Michigan, Ann Arbor

  9. ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY Arcellacea (Testate Amoebae) as Bio-indicators of Road Salt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patterson, Timothy

    ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY Arcellacea (Testate Amoebae) as Bio-indicators of Road Salt in a significant reduction in road accidents. Deicing salts can, however, pose a major threat to water quality lakes that have become contaminated by winter deicing salts, particularly sodium chloride. We analysed

  10. ON-ROAD REMOTE SENSING OF VEHICLE EMISSIONS IN MONTERREY, N.L. MEXICO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    ON-ROAD REMOTE SENSING OF VEHICLE EMISSIONS IN MONTERREY, N.L. MEXICO Final Report Prepared for the University of Denver traveled to Monterrey, N.L. Mexico to monitor remotely the carbon monoxide (CO with other cities that have been sampled in Mexico. The on-road emission averages are similar to the latest

  11. On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in west Los Angeles: Year 4,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    (or completely) converting engine-out CO, HC and NO emissions to carbon dioxide (CO2), waterOn-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in west Los Angeles: Year 4, October 2005 Gary A Alpharetta, Georgia 30022 Contract No. E-23-9 #12;On-Road Remote Sensing in west Los Angeles: Year 4 1

  12. Effects of road de-icing salt (NaCl) on larval wood frogs (Rana sylvatica)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , and they increase pollution from vehicles and road maintenance (Ashley and Robinson, 1996; Forman and Alexander environmental effects including pollution. A major component of road runoff in northern countries is salt organisms exist. Amphibians require aquatic habitats and chemical pollution is implicated as a major factor

  13. Bumpy Road Ahead: Bracing for Insolvency in the Highway Trust Fund 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dar, Jawad; Taylor, Lori L.

    2015-01-01

    . They recommend a congestion-adjusted vehicle mileage tax (VMT) as an economically efficient means of tackling infrastructure funding issues in a way that reflects the costs of road use. However, given the serious privacy issues associated with tracking road use...

  14. On-Road Emissions of Motor Vehicles in Brazil: Current Status

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    On-Road Emissions of Motor Vehicles in Brazil: Current Status and Future Possibilities of Denver 2101 E. Wesley Ave. Denver, CO 80208 #12;#12;On-road system Motorcycle system #12;#12;RSD measures pollutant per kg of fuel from RSD -quantifiable uncertainty Fuel sales from tax department -quite precise

  15. Fuel-Based On-Road Motor Vehicle Emissions Inventory for the Denver Metropolitan Area

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    Fuel-Based On-Road Motor Vehicle Emissions Inventory for the Denver Metropolitan Area Sajal S of obtaining on-road emissions inventories has been developed. This technique calculates emission factors these factors with fuel use data, available from tax records, yields a fuel based emission inventory. We have

  16. INFLUENCE OF VEGETATION, TOPOGRAPHY, AND ROADS ON COUGAR MOVEMENT IN SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beier, Paul

    264 INFLUENCE OF VEGETATION, TOPOGRAPHY, AND ROADS ON COUGAR MOVEMENT IN SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA BRETT of corridors, and that corridors should lie along routes with relatively gentle topography. Our results suggest, topography, and roads can help parameterize an individually-based movement model for cougars in human

  17. Comparison of Different Load Road Implementation Strategies on Fuel Economy of USPS Step Vans

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    An alternative form of measuring road loads, instead of using a chassis dynamometer and a method described in 40 CFR section 86.1229-85, was conducted on on-road coastdowns, and regression analysis was used to determine the characteristics of the two U.S. Postal Service step vans, one of which was a hybrid model

  18. Low-Latency ECDSA Signature Verification A Road Towards Safer Traffic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    International Association for Cryptologic Research (IACR)

    caused by the rising traffic densities on our roads and in our cities. Traffic congestion is increasingly crippling efficient movement inside and towards cities resulting in mounting travel times, fuel consumption and consequent air pollution. In the past these problems have been addressed by expanding road infrastructure

  19. Loggers and Forest Fragmentation: Behavioral Models of Road Building in the Amazon Basin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walker, Robert T.

    in the landscape, the importance of legal and institutional constraints on economic behavior, and the power of GIS biodiversity and forest fragmentation implied by island biogeography (Whittaker 1998). Roads and market are transformed into human artifacts by the urban and ag- ricultural use of land. Although roads appear

  20. On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Omaha Area: Year 2,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Omaha Area: Year 2, September 2004 Gary A of the work. #12;On-Road Remote Sensing in the Omaha Area: Year 2 2 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The University of Denver conducted a five-day remote sensing study in the Omaha, Nebraska area in September of 2004. The remote

  1. On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Denver Area: Year 6,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Denver Area: Year 6, January 2007 Gary A 80208 June 2007 #12;On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Denver Area: Year 6 1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The University of Denver conducted a three-day remote sensing study in the Denver, CO area

  2. On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the LaBrea Area: Year 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the LaBrea Area: Year 2 Mitchell J. Williams 140 Alpharetta, Georgia 30022 Contract No. E-23-4 #12;On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the LaBrea Area: Year 2 1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The University of Denver conducted a five-day remote sensing

  3. On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Chicago Area: Year 5,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Chicago Area: Year 5, September 2002 Gary A five years of a multi-year remote sensing study in the Chicago area, with measurements made as to the extent I/M programs and #12;On-Road Remote Sensing in the Chicago Area: Year 5 2 special fuels contribute

  4. On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Chicago Area: Year 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Chicago Area: Year 3 Sajal S. Pokharel, Gary Alpharetta, Georgia 30022-8246 Contract No. E-23-4 #12;On-Road Remote Sensing in the Chicago Area: Year 3 2 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The University of Denver has completed the first three years of a five-year remote sensing

  5. On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Chicago Area: Year 6,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Chicago Area: Year 6, September 2004 Gary A, Suite 140 Alpharetta, Georgia 30022 Contract No. E-23-9 #12;On-Road Remote Sensing in the Chicago Area-year remote sensing study in the Chicago area, with measurements made in September of 1997 through 2000, 2002

  6. On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Chicago Area: Year 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Chicago Area: Year 1 Peter J. Popp, Gary A, Georgia 30346 Contract No. E-23-4 #12;On-Road Remote Sensing in the Chicago Area: Year 1 2 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The University of Denver conducted a five-day remote sensing study in the Chicago area in the fall

  7. On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Denver Area: Year 5,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Denver Area: Year 5, January 2005 Gary A, Suite 140 Alpharetta, Georgia 30022 Contract No. E-23-9 #12;On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile-day remote sensing study in the Denver, CO area in the winter of 2005. The remote sensor used in this study

  8. On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Los Angeles Area: Year 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Los Angeles Area: Year 2 Sajal S. Pokharel Alpharetta, GA. 30022 Contract No. E-23-4 #12;On-Road Remote Sensing in the Los Angeles Area: Year 2 2 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The University of Denver conducted the second year of a five year remote sensing study

  9. On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Denver Area: Year 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Denver Area: Year 2 Sajal S. Pokharel, Gary A Alpharetta, Georgia 30022 CRC Project No. E-23-4 #12;On-Road Remote Sensing in the Denver Area: Year 2 2 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The University of Denver has completed the second year of a five-year remote sensing study

  10. On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Los Angeles Area: Year 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Los Angeles Area: Year 3 (Riverside) Sajal S., Suite 140 Alpharetta, GA. 30022 Contract No. E-23-4 #12;On-Road Remote Sensing in the Los Angeles Area sensing study in the Los Angeles, CA area. The remote sensor used in this study is capable of measuring

  11. On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Denver Area: Year 4,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Denver Area: Year 4, January 2003 Daniel A year of a multi-year remote sensing study in the Denver area. The remote sensor used in this study channel was somewhat significant. #12;On-Road Remote Sensing in the Denver Area: Year 4 2 INTRODUCTION

  12. On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Denver Area: Year 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the Denver Area: Year 3 Sajal S. Pokharel, Gary A Alpharetta, Georgia 30022 CRC Project No. E-23-4 #12;On-Road Remote Sensing in the Denver Area: Year 3 2 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The University of Denver has completed the third year of a multi-year remote sensing study

  13. On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the La Brea Area: Year 3,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    On-Road Remote Sensing of Automobile Emissions in the La Brea Area: Year 3, October 2003 Gary A, Suite 140 Alpharetta, Georgia 30022 Contract No. E-23-4 #12;On-Road Remote Sensing in the La Brea Area: Year 3 1 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The University of Denver conducted a five-day remote sensing study in the La

  14. Examining the Severity of Motor Vehicle Crashes Involving Roadside Barriers on High Speed Roads 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xavier, Connie Beth

    2014-09-08

    the effectiveness of roadside safety barriers that are placed on such roads. Current crash test guidelines are contained in the Manual for Assessing Safety Hardware (MASH), which defines 62 mph being the 85th percentile impact speed for high speed roads. A crash...

  15. Marginal costs of freeway traffic congestion with on-road pollution exposure externality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertini, Robert L.

    Marginal costs of freeway traffic congestion with on-road pollution exposure externality Alexander August 2012 Received in revised form 6 March 2013 Accepted 23 September 2013 Keywords: External costs Traffic congestion On-road In-vehicle Pollution exposure Vehicle emissions a b s t r a c t The health cost

  16. Hybrid Probabilistic RoadMap -Monte Carlo Motion Planning for Closed Chain Systems with

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Han, Li

    Hybrid Probabilistic RoadMap - Monte Carlo Motion Planning for Closed Chain Systems with Spherical@clarku.edu Abstract-- In this paper we propose a hybrid Probabilistic RoadMap - Monte Carlo (PRM-MC) motion planner and connect a large number of robot configurations in order to build a roadmap that reflects the properties

  17. Constrained Tracking on a Road Network Michal Piorkowski and Matthias Grossglauser

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grossglauser, Matthias

    Constrained Tracking on a Road Network Michal Pi´orkowski and Matthias Grossglauser School in scenarios where there are constraints on the movement of nodes, such as with cars on a road network. We. Such a situation may arise because of energy, cost, or radio constraints, or because the tracking system has

  18. Impacts of oil disturbances: lessons from experience. [1973-1974 Oil Crisis; 1978-1979 Iranian Revolution; 1980-1981 Iran-Iraq War

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Curlee, T R

    1983-01-01

    An analysis of the impacts of previous oil distrubances can be used to suggest the impacts of future oil disturbances. This paper reviews how the 1973-1974 Oil Crisis, the 1978-1979 Iranian Revolution, and the 1980-1981 Iran-Iraq War impacted the US and world oil markets. Various measures of impacts are considered, such as impacts on physical flows of crude and products, crude and product price changes on the US and world markets, impacts on stocks of crude and products, and impacts on refiners' inputs and outputs. Various macroeconomic indicators, such as gross national product, inflation rates, and unemployment, are also considered. Of particular interest in this study are the impacts that oil disturbances have had (and could have) on the availabilities of particular crude types and the abilities of US refiners to process crudes of various types in the short run. In addition, this paper reviews how the actions of the consuming countries and the major oil companies affected the impacts of past disturbances. The paper briefly discusses the likely causes and impacts of future oil distrubances and summarizes the lessons to be learned from past reactions to oil disturbances.

  19. www.fightbac.o anola oil is

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ca co Th Ca "Canola" c which is Addition Ca he Ca in Th ca Ca m C know? anola oil is ooking oils. he average anola oil is comes fro s another nal Inform anola oil is eart healthy anola oil is n the world. he part of th anola meal anola oil ca many crop va ano the lowest . canola see a good sou m

  20. THEORETICAL PHYSICS Faculty of Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pachucki, Krzysztof

    of Field Theory and Statistical Physics RG Division of General Relativity and Gravitation MP DivisionINSTITUTE OF THEORETICAL PHYSICS Faculty of Physics Warsaw University 1998-1999 Warsaw 2000 #12;INSTITUTE OF THEORETICAL PHYSICS Address: Hoza 69, PL-00 681 Warsaw, Poland Phone: (+48 22) 628 33 96 Fax

  1. Size-Resolved Particle Number and Volume Emission Factors for On-Road Gasoline and Diesel Motor Vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ban-Weiss, George A.

    2009-01-01

    matter from on-road gasoline and diesel vehicles.D.H. , Chase, R.E. , 1999b. Gasoline vehicle particle sizeFactors for On-Road Gasoline and Diesel Motor Vehicles

  2. Identifying Contributions of On-road Motor Vehicles to Urban Air Pollution Using Travel Demand Model Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Guihua; Bai, Song; Ogden, Joan M.

    2009-01-01

    Health Effects of Motor-Vehicle Air Pollution. University ofon-road motor vehicles to urban air pollution, using travelon-road motor vehicles to urban air pollution using travel

  3. Optimize carbon dioxide sequestration, enhance oil recovery

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Optimize carbon dioxide sequestration, enhance oil recovery Optimize carbon dioxide sequestration, enhance oil recovery The simulation provides an important approach to estimate...

  4. Biomass Derivatives Competitive with Heating Oil Costs.

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Biomass Derivatives Competitive with Heating Oil Costs Transportation fuel Heat or electricity * Data are from literature, except heating oil is adjusted from 2011 winter average *...

  5. SciTech Connect: "oil shale"

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    oil shale" Find + Advanced Search Term Search Semantic Search Advanced Search All Fields: "oil shale" Semantic Semantic Term Title: Full Text: Bibliographic Data: Creator ...

  6. Gregg Hall 35 Colovos Road Durham, New Hampshire 03824-3534 http://www.unh.edu/erg/cstev/ Gregg Hall 35 Colovos Road Durham, New Hampshire 03824-3534 http://www.unh.edu/erg/cstev/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gregg Hall 35 Colovos Road Durham, New Hampshire 03824-3534 http://www.unh.edu/erg/cstev/ Gregg Hall 35 Colovos Road Durham, New Hampshire 03824-3534 http://www.unh.edu/erg/cstev/ Gregg Hall 35 Colovos Road Durham, New Hampshire 03824-3534 http://www.unh.edu/erg/cstev/ Pervious Concrete Pavement

  7. 2011 Regents of the University of Minnesota. All rights reserved. The University of Minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer. Segments of roads with LSFs (right) have better driver visibility and road surface

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    and fewer accidents. LSFs can also benefit the atmosphere by storing carbon dioxide and reducing emissions is an equal opportunity educator and employer. Segments of roads with LSFs (right) have better driver visibility and road surface conditions than those without (left), leading to lower road maintenance costs

  8. Assessment of oil-shale technology in Brazil. Final technical report, October 27, 1980-July 27, 1981

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1981-07-27

    The development of an oil shale industry in the United States will require the solution of a variety of technical, economic, environmental, and health and safety problems. This assessment investigates whether US oil shale developers might benefit from the experience gained by the Brazilians in the operation of their Usina Prototipo do Irati oil shale demonstration plant at Sao Mateus do Sul, and from the data generated from their oil shale research and development programs. A chapter providing background information on Brazil and the Brazilian oil shale deposits is followed by an examination of the potential recovery processes applicable to Brazilian oil shale. The evolution of the Brazilian retorting system is reviewed and compared with the mining and retorting proposed for US shales. Factors impacting on the economics of shale oil production in Brazil are reviewed and compared to economic analyses of oil shale production in the US. Chapters examining the consequences of shale development in terms of impact on the physical environment and the oil shale worker complete the report. Throughout the report, where data permits, similarities and differences are drawn between the oil shale programs underway in Brazil and the US. In addition, research areas in which technology or information transfer could benefit either or both countries' oil shale programs are identified.

  9. Oil Mill Op. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2011-08-17

    In the practice of petroleum reservoir engineering we are often faced with the analysis of processes which require the physical properties of the reservoir fluids, but in many cases no laboratory measurements of properties ...

  10. Engine breather oil recovery system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Speer, S.R.; Norton, J.G.; Wilson, J.D.

    1990-08-14

    This patent describes an engine breather oil recovery system, for use with reciprocating engines having an oil breather and an oil reservoir recovery system. It comprises:an engine breather outlet from the engine; a vapor and oil separator device in fluid flow connection with the engine breather outlet; a motive flow suction means in fluid flow connection between the separator device and the engine, so as to provide a substantially continuous pressure drop between the separator device and the engine oil reservoir; an engine fluid system in parallel with the separator device; and an engine driven pump in fluid flow connection with such other engine fluid system, wherein the motive force for the motive flow suction means is provided by the fluid from the engine pump.

  11. Process for oil shale retorting

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jones, John B. (300 Enterprise Bldg., Grand Junction, CO 80501); Kunchal, S. Kumar (300 Enterprise Bldg., Grand Junction, CO 80501)

    1981-10-27

    Particulate oil shale is subjected to a pyrolysis with a hot, non-oxygenous gas in a pyrolysis vessel, with the products of the pyrolysis of the shale contained kerogen being withdrawn as an entrained mist of shale oil droplets in a gas for a separation of the liquid from the gas. Hot retorted shale withdrawn from the pyrolysis vessel is treated in a separate container with an oxygenous gas so as to provide combustion of residual carbon retained on the shale, producing a high temperature gas for the production of some steam and for heating the non-oxygenous gas used in the oil shale retorting process in the first vessel. The net energy recovery includes essentially complete recovery of the organic hydrocarbon material in the oil shale as a liquid shale oil, a high BTU gas, and high temperature steam.

  12. Pacific Northwest Laboratory Annual Report for 1979 to the DOE Assistant Secretary for Environment Part 4 Physical Sciences

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nielsen, J. M.

    1980-02-01

    This volume contains 63 articles on physical science activities in diverse areas, including coal, fission, radiation physics, geothermal resource development, oil shale and tar sand research, and multitechnology development.

  13. The Politics of Mexico’s Oil Monopoly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huizar, Richard

    2008-01-01

    2005), p. 59. Table 5: Oil production in barrels per daynot have much impact in oil production. In fact, oil exportscurrent oil reserves and oil production? 2) For how long can

  14. Statistical Analysis of the Road Network of India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukherjee, Satyam

    2012-01-01

    In this paper we study the Indian Highway Network as a complex network where the junction points are considered as nodes, and the links are formed by an existing connection. We explore the topological properties and community structure of the network. We observe that the Indian Highway Network displays small world properties and is assortative in nature. We also identify the most important road-junctions (or cities) in the highway network based on the betweenness centrality of the node. This could help in identifying the potential congestion points in the network. Our study is of practical importance and could provide a novel approach to reduce congestion and improve the performance of the highway network

  15. RESEARCH OIL RECOVERY MECHANISMS IN HEAVY OIL RESERVOIRS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Anthony R. Kovscek; William E. Brigham

    1999-06-01

    The United States continues to rely heavily on petroleum fossil fuels as a primary energy source, while domestic reserves dwindle. However, so-called heavy oil (10 to 20{sup o}API) remains an underutilized resource of tremendous potential. Heavy oils are much more viscous than conventional oils. As a result, they are difficult to produce with conventional recovery methods such as pressure depletion and water injection. Thermal recovery is especially important for this class of reservoirs because adding heat, usually via steam injection, generally reduces oil viscosity dramatically. This improves displacement efficiency. The research described here was directed toward improved understanding of thermal and heavy-oil production mechanisms and is categorized into: (1) flow and rock properties; (2) in-situ combustion; (3) additives to improve mobility control; (4) reservoir definition; and (5) support services. The scope of activities extended over a three-year period. Significant work was accomplished in the area of flow properties of steam, water, and oil in consolidated and unconsolidated porous media, transport in fractured porous media, foam generation and flow in homogeneous and heterogeneous porous media, the effects of displacement pattern geometry and mobility ratio on oil recovery, and analytical representation of water influx. Significant results are described.

  16. Road Type Classification through Data Mining Phillip Taylor, Sarabjot Singh Anand, Nathan Griffiths, Fatimah Adamu-Fika

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Griffiths, Nathan

    Road Type Classification through Data Mining Phillip Taylor, Sarabjot Singh Anand, Nathan Griffiths In this paper we investigate data mining approaches to road type classification based on CAN (controller area network) bus data collected from vehicles on UK roads. We consider three related classification problems

  17. The Road We've Traveled: 12 Years of Undergraduate Software Engineering at the Rochester Institute of Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vallino, James R

    The Road We've Traveled: 12 Years of Undergraduate Software Engineering at the Rochester Institute lecturer, and several adjuncts. The program's development was first described in "The Road Less Traveled the road we've traveled, changes made, and how the program changed along the way, and consider the path

  18. Paving the road in virtual spaces IRS Workshop Territoriality of the Commons 29.-30. Sept.2011 Rainer Kuhlen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuhlen, Rainer

    Paving the road in virtual spaces­ IRS Workshop Territoriality of the Commons 29.-30. Sept.2011 the road in virtual spaces How to materialize rights to immaterial commons #12;Openness ­ Grundprinzip des;Openness ­ Grundprinzip des Handelns in elektronischen Räumen 4 #12;Paving the road in virtual spaces­ IRS

  19. Water issues associated with heavy oil production.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Veil, J. A.; Quinn, J. J.; Environmental Science Division

    2008-11-28

    Crude oil occurs in many different forms throughout the world. An important characteristic of crude oil that affects the ease with which it can be produced is its density and viscosity. Lighter crude oil typically can be produced more easily and at lower cost than heavier crude oil. Historically, much of the nation's oil supply came from domestic or international light or medium crude oil sources. California's extensive heavy oil production for more than a century is a notable exception. Oil and gas companies are actively looking toward heavier crude oil sources to help meet demands and to take advantage of large heavy oil reserves located in North and South America. Heavy oil includes very viscous oil resources like those found in some fields in California and Venezuela, oil shale, and tar sands (called oil sands in Canada). These are described in more detail in the next chapter. Water is integrally associated with conventional oil production. Produced water is the largest byproduct associated with oil production. The cost of managing large volumes of produced water is an important component of the overall cost of producing oil. Most mature oil fields rely on injected water to maintain formation pressure during production. The processes involved with heavy oil production often require external water supplies for steam generation, washing, and other steps. While some heavy oil processes generate produced water, others generate different types of industrial wastewater. Management and disposition of the wastewater presents challenges and costs for the operators. This report describes water requirements relating to heavy oil production and potential sources for that water. The report also describes how water is used and the resulting water quality impacts associated with heavy oil production.

  20. A new thermodynamic model to predict wax deposition from crude oils 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loganathan, Narayanan

    1993-01-01

    . , 1926; Affens et al. , 1984), crystal morphology (Ferris and Cowles, 1945; Edwards, 1957), and physical properties of petroleum wax (Templin, 1956) have been studied in detail. Bem et ak (1980) studied wax deposition in North Sea submarine crude-oil...A NEW THERMODYNAMIC MODEL TO PREDICT WAX DEPOSITION FROM CRUDE OILS A Thesis by NARAYANAN LOGANATHAN Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fullillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER...