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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ring compression testing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Used Fuel Disposition Campaign Phase I Ring Compression Testing...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

of the technical basis for extended storage and transportation of high-burnup fuel. This report highlights the results of completed Phase I testing of high-burnup M5...

2

The ITER pre-compression rings – A first in cryogenic composite technology  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The ITER Pre-Compression Rings represent one of the heaviest composite structures ever manufactured as a single piece and the largest - the outer diameter will be above 5.5 meters - intended for use in a cryogenic environment. With a cross section of 337 mm × 288 mm, each item will weigh more than 3,000 kg. A development program, based on filament wound and dry wound S2 glass unidirectional fibers, the latter processed by VARTM, was completed on one fifth scale rings, and these materials and techniques were shown to be satisfactory. The paper describes how a technology applied to build up primary structures of European launchers is being accommodated to produce the ITER Pre-Compression Rings, fulfilling its extremely challenging requirements. In addition, we will describe how the structural analysis is correlated with the test results of scaled down rings, as well as how the pre-compression rings’ manufacturing process will be qualified.

Rajainmaki, Hannu; Fanthome, John; Losasso, Marcello [Fusion for Energy, C/ Josep Pla, n. 2, E-08019 Barcelona (Spain); Foussat, Arnaud [ITER Organisation, 13108 St. Paul-lez-Durance (France); Rodriguez, Jesus [EADS CASA Espacio S.L., Av. de Aragón 404, E-28022 Madrid (Spain); Evans, David; Diaz, Victor [Advanced Cryogenic Materials Ltd, Abingdon, OX14 2HQ (United Kingdom)

2014-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

3

Joining mechanism with stem tension and interlocked compression ring  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A stem (34) extends from a second part (30) through a hole (28) in a first part (22). A groove (38) around the stem provides a non-threaded contact surface (42) for a ring element (44) around the stem. The ring element exerts an inward force against the non-threaded contact surface at an angle that creates axial tension (T) in the stem, pulling the second part against the first part. The ring element is formed of a material that shrinks relative to the stem by sintering. The ring element may include a split collet (44C) that fits partly into the groove, and a compression ring (44E) around the collet. The non-threaded contact surface and a mating distal surface (48) of the ring element may have conic geometries (64). After shrinkage, the ring element is locked onto the stem.

James, Allister W.; Morrison, Jay A.

2012-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

4

A METHOD FOR STATIC-FIELD COMPRESSION IN AN ELECTRON-RING ACCELERATOR  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

integrity and movement of the ring through the compressor is controlled by a small traveling magnetic well.well, transverse focusing ca~ be main- tained throughout the compression process, and the integrity

Laslett, L.Jackson

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Wafer-level packaging with compression-controlled seal ring bonding  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A device may be provided in a sealed package by aligning a seal ring provided on a first surface of a first semiconductor wafer in opposing relationship with a seal ring that is provided on a second surface of a second semiconductor wafer and surrounds a portion of the second wafer that contains the device. Forcible movement of the first and second wafer surfaces toward one another compresses the first and second seal rings against one another. A physical barrier against the movement, other than the first and second seal rings, is provided between the first and second wafer surfaces.

Farino, Anthony J

2013-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

6

Summary of Compression Testing of U-10Mo  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The mechanical properties of depleted uranium plus 10 weight percent molybdenum alloy have been evaluated by high temperature compression testing.

Nyberg, Eric A.; Joshi, Vineet V.; Lavender, Curt A.; Burkes, Douglas

2012-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

7

Drop Tests of the Closure Ring for the 9975 Package  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The drop tests of the closure ring for 9975 packages, described here, were performed to answer questions raised by the regulatory authority as a result of deformation of the closure ring and drum rim observed during drop tests conducted in September 1998.

Smith, A.C

1999-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

8

Test Data Compression Using Dictionaries with Selective Entries  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-based test data compression approach for reducing test data volume in SOCs. The proposed method is based and to drive a large number of internal scan chains in the circuit under test. Therefore, it is especially suitable for a reduced pin-count and low- cost DFT test environment, where a narrow interface between

Chakrabarty, Krishnendu

9

Comparison of Hydraulic-Burst and Ball-on-Ring Tests for Measuring Biaxial Strength  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Comparison of Hydraulic-Burst and Ball-on-Ring Tests for Measuring Biaxial Strength Anupa Simpatico­0909 The statistics of failure of the hydraulic-burst (HB) test were compared with those of the ball-on-ring (BOR tests are ball-on-ring (BOR) and ring-on-ring (ROR); however, hydraulic-burst (HB) tests also have

Matthewson, M. John

10

Landfill liner interface strengths from torsional-ring-shear tests  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A torsional-ring-shear apparatus and test procedure are described for measuring soil/geosynthetic and geosynthetic/geosynthetic interface strengths. Typical interface strengths are presented for a double-composite liner system and the relevancy of ring-shear strengths is illustrated using the slope failure at the Kettleman Hills Waste Repository, Kettleman City, Calif. The results of undrained ring-shear tests show that for a clay/geomembrane interface: (1) interface strength depends on plasticity and compaction water content of the clay, and the applied normal stress; (2) interface strengths measured with the torsional-ring-shear apparatus are in excellent agreement with back-calculated field strengths; and (3) peak and residual interface failure envelopes are nonlinear, and the nonlinearity should be modeled in stability analyses instead of as a combination of cohesion and friction angle. Design recommendations for interface strengths and stability analyses are also presented.

Stark, T.D. (Univ. of Illinois, Urbana, IL (United States)); Poeppel, A.R. (Langan Engineering Associates, Inc., New York, NY (United States))

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

A Method for Compressing Test Data Based on Burrows-Wheeler Transformation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Method for Compressing Test Data Based on Burrows-Wheeler Transformation Takahiro J. Yamaguchi AbstractÐThe overall throughput of automatic test equipment (ATE) is affected by the download time of test data. An effective approach to the reduction of the download time is to compress test data before

Ha, Dong S.

12

Predicting current compressive strength of concrete based on non-destructive testing by way of sound  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

There are many ways to test the compressive strength of concrete to include both destructive and non-destructive methods. There are many pros and cons associated with the various methods of testing to include cost, size, and method associated...

Coots, Emmit Kevin

2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

13

Mixed RL-Huffman Encoding for Power Reduction and Data Compression in Scan Test  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Mixed RL-Huffman Encoding for Power Reduction and Data Compression in Scan Test M. H. Tehranipour1 techniques to reduce test data volume, test pattern delivery time and power dissipation in scan test. This combination is especially effective when the ratio of don't cares in a test set is high which is a common case

Tehranipoor, Mohammad

14

Proof-of-Concept Manufacturing and Testing of Composite Wind Generator Blades Made by HCBMP (High Compression Bladder Molded Prepreg)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Proof-of-Concept Manufacturing and Testing of Composite Wind Generator Blades Made by HCBMP (High Compression Bladder Molded Prepreg)

William C. Leighty; DOE Project Officer - Keith Bennett

2005-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

15

PERFORMANCE TESTING OF SPRING ENERGIZED C-RINGS FOR USE IN RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL PACKAGINGS CONTAINING TRITIUM  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper describes the sealing performance testing and results of silver-plated inconel Spring Energized C-Rings used for tritium containment in radioactive shipping packagings. The test methodology used follows requirements of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) summarized in ASME Pressure Vessel Code (B&PVC), Section V, Article 10, Appendix IX (Helium Mass Spectrometer Test - Hood Technique) and recommendations by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) described in ANSI N14.5-1997. The tests parameters bound the predicted structural and thermal responses from conditions defined in the Code of Federal Regulations 10 CFR 71. The testing includes an evaluation of the effects of pressure, temperature, flange deflection, surface roughness, permeation, closure torque, torque sequencing and re-use on performance of metal C-Ring seals.

Blanton, P; Kurt Eberl, K

2007-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

16

Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator Package O-Ring Seal Material Validation Testing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator Package O-Ring Seal Material Validation Test was conducted to validate the use of the Butyl material as a primary seal throughout the required temperature range. Three tests were performed at (1) 233 K ({minus}40 {degrees}F), (2) a specified operating temperature, and (3) 244 K ({minus}20 {degrees}F) before returning to room temperature. Helium leak tests were performed at each test point to determine seal performance. The two major test objectives were to establish that butyl rubber material would maintain its integrity under various conditions and within specified parameters and to evaluate changes in material properties.

Adkins, H.E.; Ferrell, P.C.; Knight, R.C.

1994-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

17

PDM performance Test Results and Preliminary Analysis: Incompressible and Compressible Fluids  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Three, small diameter, Moineau, positive displacement (drilling) motors (PDMs) were dynamometer tested using water, air-water mist, air-water foam, and aerated water. The motors included (1) a 1.5-inch OD, single-lobe mud motor; (2) a 1.69-inch OD, 5:6 multi-lobe mud motor; and (3) a 1.75-inch OD, 5:6 multi-lobe air motor. This paper describes the test apparatus, procedures, data analysis, and results. Incompressible and compressible fluid performance are compared; linear performance, predicted by a positive displacement motor model, is identified where it occurs. Preliminary results and conclusions are (1) the performance of all three motors is accurately modeled using a two-variable, linear model for incompressible fluid and (2) the model was not successfully adapted to model compressible fluid performance.

Dreesen, D.S.; Gruenhagan, E.; Cohen, J.C.; Moran, D.W.

1999-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Numerical modelling of sandstone uniaxial compression test using a mix-mode cohesive fracture model  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A mix-mode cohesive fracture model considering tension, compression and shear material behaviour is presented, which has wide applications to geotechnical problems. The model considers both elastic and inelastic displacements. Inelastic displacement comprises fracture and plastic displacements. The norm of inelastic displacement is used to control the fracture behaviour. Meantime, a failure function describing the fracture strength is proposed. Using the internal programming FISH, the cohesive fracture model is programmed into a hybrid distinct element algorithm as encoded in Universal Distinct Element Code (UDEC). The model is verified through uniaxial tension and direct shear tests. The developed model is then applied to model the behaviour of a uniaxial compression test on Gosford sandstone. The modelling results indicate that the proposed cohesive fracture model is capable of simulating combined failure behaviour applicable to rock.

Gui, Yilin; Kodikara, Jayantha

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Used Fuel Disposition Campaign Phase I Ring Compression Testing of High  

Energy Savers [EERE]

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartment of EnergyofProject is on Track|SolarDepartment of Energy Use of

20

Radioisotope thermoelectric generator package o-ring seal material validation testing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator Package O-Ring Seal Material Validation Test was conducted to validate the use of the Butyl material as a primary seal throughout the required temperature range. Three tests were performed at (I) 233 K ({minus}40 {degree}F), (2) a specified operating temperature, and (3) 244 K ({minus}20 {degree}F) before returning to room temperature. Helium leak tests were performed at each test point to determine seal performance. The two major test objectives were to establish that butyl rubber material would maintain its integrity under various conditions and within specified parameters and to evaluate changes in material properties. {copyright} {ital 1995} {ital American} {ital Institute} {ital of} {ital Physics}

Adkins, H.E.; Ferrell, P.C.; Knight, R.C. [Westinghouse Hanford Company, P. O. Box 1970, MSIN N1-25, Richland, Washington 99352 (United States)

1995-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ring compression testing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Test-Architecture Optimization and Test Scheduling for SOCs with Core-Level Expansion of Compressed Test Patterns  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

is resulting in high test times and excessive tester memory requirements. To reduce both test time and test International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors predicted that test data volume and test time will grow 30x and wrappers for core access can be combined with test scheduling at SOC level to reduce test time. The recent

Chakrabarty, Krishnendu

22

Material test machine for tension-compression tests at high temperature  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Apparatus providing a device for testing the properties of material specimens at high temperatures and pressures in controlled water chemistries includes, inter alia, an autoclave housing the specimen which is being tested. The specimen is connected to a pull rod which couples out of the autoclave to an external assembly which includes one or more transducers, a force balance chamber and a piston type actuator. The pull rod feeds through the force balance chamber and is compensated thereby for the pressure conditions existing within the autoclave and tending to eject the pull rod therefrom. The upper end of the push rod is connected to the actuator through elements containing a transducer comprising a linear variable differential transformer (LVDT). The housing and coil assembly of the LVDT is coupled to a tube which runs through a central bore of the pull rod into the autoclave where it is connected to one side of the specimen. The movable core of the LVDT is coupled to a stem which runs through the tube where it is then connected to the other side of the specimen through a coupling member. A transducer in the form of a load cell including one or more strain gages is located on a necked-down portion of the upper part of the pull rod intermediate the LVDT and force balance chamber.

Cioletti, Olisse C. (Pittsburgh, PA)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

The Ring Imaging Cherenkov detector of the AMS experiment: test beam results with a prototype  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer (AMS) to be installed on the International Space Station (ISS) will be equipped with a proximity Ring Imaging Cherenkov (RICH) detector for measuring the velocity and electric charge of the charged cosmic particles. This detector will contribute to the high level of redundancy required for AMS as well as to the rejection of albedo particles. Charge separation up to iron and a velocity resolution of the order of 0.1% for singly charged particles are expected. A RICH protoptype consisting of a detection matrix with 96 photomultiplier units, a segment of a conical mirror and samples of the radiator materials was built and its performance was evaluated. Results from the last test beam performed with ion fragments resulting from the collision of a 158 GeV/c/nucleon primary beam of indium ions (CERN SPS) on a lead target are reported. The large amount of collected data allowed to test and characterize different aerogel samples and the sodium fluoride radiator. In addition, the reflec...

Arruda, Luísa; Goncalves, Patrícia; Pereira, Rui

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

The Ring Imaging Cherenkov detector of the AMS experiment: test beam results with a prototype  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer (AMS) to be installed on the International Space Station (ISS) will be equipped with a proximity Ring Imaging Cherenkov (RICH) detector for measuring the velocity and electric charge of the charged cosmic particles. This detector will contribute to the high level of redundancy required for AMS as well as to the rejection of albedo particles. Charge separation up to iron and a velocity resolution of the order of 0.1% for singly charged particles are expected. A RICH protoptype consisting of a detection matrix with 96 photomultiplier units, a segment of a conical mirror and samples of the radiator materials was built and its performance was evaluated. Results from the last test beam performed with ion fragments resulting from the collision of a 158 GeV/c/nucleon primary beam of indium ions (CERN SPS) on a lead target are reported. The large amount of collected data allowed to test and characterize different aerogel samples and the sodium fluoride radiator. In addition, the reflectivity of the mirror was evaluated. The data analysis confirms the design goals.

Luísa Arruda; Fernando Barão; Patrícia Goncalves; Rui Pereira

2008-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

25

Determination of Interfacial Mechanical Properties of Ceramic Composites by the Compression of Micro-pillar Test Specimens  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A novel method to determine the fiber-matrix interfacial properties of ceramic matrix composites is proposed and evaluated; where micro- pillar samples containing inclined fiber/matrix interfaces were prepared from a SiC fiber reinforced SiC matrix composites then compression-tested using the nano-indentation technique. This new test method employs a simple geometry and mitigates the uncertainties associated with complex stress state in the conventional single filament push-out method for the determination of interfacial properties. Based on the test results using samples with different interface orientations , the interfacial debond shear strength and the internal friction coefficient are explicitly determined and compared with values obtained by other test methods.

Shih, Chunghao [ORNL; Katoh, Yutai [ORNL; Leonard, Keith J [ORNL; Bei, Hongbin [ORNL; Lara-Curzio, Edgar [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

High Temperature Expansion Due to Compression Test for the Determination of a Cladding Material Failure Criterion under RIA Loading Conditions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper is mainly dedicated to the development of an out-of-pile test reproducing the thermo-mechanical loading conditions encountered during the first stage of a Reactivity Initiated Accidents (RIA) transient, dominated by Pellet Clad Mechanical Interaction (PCMI). In particular, the strain-controlled clad loading under high strain rate associated with temperatures up to 600 deg. C expected during the PCMI phase is simulated by an Expansion Due to Compression (EDC) test achievable at high temperature. The use of appropriate materials for the inner pellet made it possible to achieve the tests from 20 deg. C up to 900 deg. C. The interpretation of the test data is supported by Finite Element Analysis (FEA) including parameters tuned using an inverse method coupling FEA and tests results. A deformation model, identified upon the PROMETRA (Transient Mechanical Properties) experimental database and describing the anisotropic viscoplastic behavior of Cold-Worked Stress Relieved Zircaloy-4 cladding alloys under typical RIA loading conditions, is exploited. The combined analysis of experimental results and finite element simulations provides a deeper understanding of the deformation mode (near pure hoop tension) that arises during the tests. The failure mode appears to be representative of that obtained on tubes during the PCMI stage of RIA experiments. An appropriate device is currently developed in order to reach a bi-axiality of the loading path closer to that expected during the PCMI stage (between plane-strain and equal-biaxial tension). (authors)

Le Saux, M.; Poussard, C.; Averty, X.; Sainte Catherine, C.; Carassou, S. [CEA-Saclay, DEN/DMN/SEMI, 91191 Gif-Sur-Yvette (France); Besson, J. [Centre des Materiaux, Mines Paris, CNRS UMR 7633, BP 87, 91003 Evry (France)

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Methods for identifying cancellous bone specimen location and size for the Reduced Platen Compression Test  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and stimuli on the skeleton and its ability to perform these everyday functions. The current state of bone testing is focused on understanding the mechanical properties of bone through use of traditional mechanical testing procedures such as three point...

Cowen, Kyle Ray

2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

28

EA-1752: Pacific Gas & Electric Company (PG&E), Compressed Air Energy Storage (CAES) Compression Testing Phase Project, San Joaquin County, California  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

DOE is preparing this EA to evaluate the potential environmental impacts of providing a financial assistance grant under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 for the construction of an advanced compressed air energy storage plant in San Francisco, California.

29

The application of triaxial compression tests to the design of sand-asphalt paving mixtures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

' this fact, the f1ne yecxk was chosen as the aggregate to be used in all sand. -asphalt miztures tested 1n this pro/oct. It must be emphasise4. , that no sand sample, Lxas tested, mox ~ than ) " x i x . . y . * once during ths analpsis of the sands... shearing strength increases as the amount of mineral filler increases, thu ~ confirming the theory that the increase 1n surface area of the aggregate caused by the addition of dust must be taken ~ care of by an increase 1n the amount of bitumen used...

Ritter, Leo J

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

30

Department of Materials Science and Engineering Fall 2012 The Development and Testing of Composite Materials for Pump Wear Rings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Composite Materials for Pump Wear Rings Overview Flowserve currently uses two hardened steel wear rings, one rotating with the impellor, the other sitting stationary along the casing of their centrifugal pumps materials in the pump is believed to cut down on pump operating, maintenance, and assembly costs. Objectives

Demirel, Melik C.

31

TESTING THE HYPOTHESIS THAT METHANOL MASER RINGS TRACE CIRCUMSTELLAR DISKS: HIGH-RESOLUTION NEAR-INFRARED AND MID-INFRARED IMAGING  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Milliarcsecond very long baseline interferometry maps of regions containing 6.7 GHz methanol maser emission have lead to the recent discovery of ring-like distributions of maser spots and the plausible hypothesis that they may be tracing circumstellar disks around forming high-mass stars. We aimed to test this hypothesis by imaging these regions in the near- and mid-infrared at high spatial resolution and compare the observed emission to the expected infrared morphologies as inferred from the geometries of the maser rings. In the near-infrared we used the Gemini North adaptive optics system of ALTAIR/NIRI, while in the mid-infrared we used the combination of the Gemini South instrument T-ReCS and super-resolution techniques. Resultant images had a resolution of {approx}150 mas in both the near-infrared and mid-infrared. We discuss the expected distribution of circumstellar material around young and massive accreting (proto)stars and what infrared emission geometries would be expected for the different maser ring orientations under the assumption that the masers are coming from within circumstellar disks. Based upon the observed infrared emission geometries for the four targets in our sample and the results of spectral energy distribution modeling of the massive young stellar objects associated with the maser rings, we do not find compelling evidence in support of the hypothesis that methanol masers rings reside in circumstellar disks.

De Buizer, James M. [Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy-USRA, NASA Ames Research Center, MS N232-12, Moffett Field, CA 94035 (United States); Bartkiewicz, Anna; Szymczak, Marian, E-mail: jdebuizer@sofia.usra.edu [Torun Centre for Astronomy, Nicolaus Copernicus University, Gagarina 11, 87-100 Torun (Poland)

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Forming equatorial rings around dying stars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We suggest that clumpy-dense outflowing equatorial rings around evolved giant stars, such as in supernova 1987A and the Necklace planetary nebula, are formed by bipolar jets that compress gas toward the equatorial plane. The jets are launched from an accretion disk around a stellar companion. Using the FLASH hydrodynamics numerical code we perform 3D numerical simulations, and show that bipolar jets expanding into a dense spherical shell can compress gas toward the equatorial plane and lead to the formation of an expanding equatorial ring. Rayleigh-Taylor instabilities in the interaction region break the ring to clumps. Under the assumption that the same ring-formation mechanism operates in massive stars and in planetary nebulae, we find this mechanism to be more promising for ring formation than mass loss through the second Lagrangian point. The jets account also for the presence of a bipolar nebula accompanying many of the rings.

Akashi, Muhammad; Yogev, Ohad; Soker, Noam

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Compression embedding  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus for embedding auxiliary information into the digital representation of host data created by a lossy compression technique and a method and apparatus for constructing auxiliary data from the correspondence between values in a digital key-pair table with integer index values existing in a representation of host data created by a lossy compression technique are disclosed. The methods apply to data compressed with algorithms based on series expansion, quantization to a finite number of symbols, and entropy coding. Lossy compression methods represent the original data as ordered sequences of blocks containing integer indices having redundancy and uncertainty of value by one unit, allowing indices which are adjacent in value to be manipulated to encode auxiliary data. Also included is a method to improve the efficiency of lossy compression algorithms by embedding white noise into the integer indices. Lossy compression methods use loss-less compression to reduce to the final size the intermediate representation as indices. The efficiency of the loss-less compression, known also as entropy coding compression, is increased by manipulating the indices at the intermediate stage. Manipulation of the intermediate representation improves lossy compression performance by 1 to 10%. 21 figs.

Sandford, M.T. II; Handel, T.G.; Bradley, J.N.

1998-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

34

Compression embedding  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus for embedding auxiliary information into the digital representation of host data created by a lossy compression technique and a method and apparatus for constructing auxiliary data from the correspondence between values in a digital key-pair table with integer index values existing in a representation of host data created by a lossy compression technique. The methods apply to data compressed with algorithms based on series expansion, quantization to a finite number of symbols, and entropy coding. Lossy compression methods represent the original data as ordered sequences of blocks containing integer indices having redundancy and uncertainty of value by one unit, allowing indices which are adjacent in value to be manipulated to encode auxiliary data. Also included is a method to improve the efficiency of lossy compression algorithms by embedding white noise into the integer indices. Lossy compression methods use loss-less compression to reduce to the final size the intermediate representation as indices. The efficiency of the loss-less compression, known also as entropy coding compression, is increased by manipulating the indices at the intermediate stage. Manipulation of the intermediate representation improves lossy compression performance by 1 to 10%.

Sandford, II, Maxwell T. (Los Alamos, NM); Handel, Theodore G. (Los Alamos, NM); Bradley, Jonathan N. (Los Alamos, NM)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Compression embedding  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of embedding auxiliary information into the digital representation of host data created by a lossy compression technique. The method applies to data compressed with lossy algorithms based on series expansion, quantization to a finite number of symbols, and entropy coding. Lossy compression methods represent the original data as integer indices having redundancy and uncertainty in value by one unit. Indices which are adjacent in value are manipulated to encode auxiliary data. By a substantially reverse process, the embedded auxiliary data can be retrieved easily by an authorized user. Lossy compression methods use loss-less compressions known also as entropy coding, to reduce to the final size the intermediate representation as indices. The efficiency of the compression entropy coding, known also as entropy coding is increased by manipulating the indices at the intermediate stage in the manner taught by the method.

Sandford, II, Maxwell T. (Los Alamos, NM); Handel, Theodore G. (Los Alamos, NM); Bradley, Jonathan N. (Los Alamos, NM)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Compression embedding  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of embedding auxiliary information into the digital representation of host data created by a lossy compression technique is disclosed. The method applies to data compressed with lossy algorithms based on series expansion, quantization to a finite number of symbols, and entropy coding. Lossy compression methods represent the original data as integer indices having redundancy and uncertainty in value by one unit. Indices which are adjacent in value are manipulated to encode auxiliary data. By a substantially reverse process, the embedded auxiliary data can be retrieved easily by an authorized user. Lossy compression methods use loss-less compressions known also as entropy coding, to reduce to the final size the intermediate representation as indices. The efficiency of the compression entropy coding, known also as entropy coding is increased by manipulating the indices at the intermediate stage in the manner taught by the method. 11 figs.

Sandford, M.T. II; Handel, T.G.; Bradley, J.N.

1998-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

37

SEVENTH INTERIM STATUS REPORT: MODEL 9975 PCV O-RING FIXTURE LONG-TERM LEAK PERFORMANCE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A series of experiments to monitor the aging performance of Viton® GLT O-rings used in the Model 9975 package has been ongoing since 2004 at the Savannah River National Laboratory. Seventy tests using mock-ups of 9975 Primary Containment Vessels (PCVs) were assembled and heated to temperatures ranging from 200 to 450 ºF. They were leak-tested initially and have been tested periodically to determine if they meet the criterion of leak-tightness defined in ANSI standard N14.5-97. Fourteen additional tests were initiated in 2008 with GLT-S O-rings heated to temperatures ranging from 200 to 400 ºF. High temperature aging continues for 23 GLT O-ring fixtures at 200 – 270 ºF. Room temperature leak test failures have been experienced in all of the GLT O-ring fixtures aging at 350 ºF and higher temperatures, and in 8 fixtures aging at 300 ºF. The remaining GLT O-ring fixtures aging at 300 ºF have been retired from testing following more than 5 years at temperature without failure. No failures have yet been observed in GLT O-ring fixtures aging at 200 ºF for 54-72 months, which is still bounding to O-ring temperatures during storage in K-Area Complex (KAC). Based on expectations that the fixtures aging at 200 ºF will remain leak-tight for a significant period yet to come, 2 additional fixtures began aging in 2011 at an intermediate temperature of 270 ºF, with hopes that they may reach a failure condition before the 200 ºF fixtures. High temperature aging continues for 6 GLT-S O-ring fixtures at 200 – 300 ºF. Room temperature leak test failures have been experienced in all 8 of the GLT-S O-ring fixtures aging at 350 and 400 ºF. No failures have yet been observed in GLT-S O-ring fixtures aging at 200 - 300 ºF for 30 - 36 months. For O-ring fixtures that have failed the room temperature leak test and been disassembled, the O-rings displayed a compression set ranging from 51 – 96%. This is greater than seen to date for any packages inspected during KAC field surveillance (24% average). For GLT O-rings, separate service life estimates have been made based on the O-ring fixture leak test data and based on compression stress relaxation (CSR) data. These two predictive models show reasonable agreement at higher temperatures (350 – 400 ºF). However, at 300 ºF, the room temperature leak test failures to date experienced longer aging times than predicted by the CSRbased model. This suggests that extrapolations of the CSR model predictions to temperatures below 300 ºF will provide a conservative prediction of service life relative to the leak rate criterion. Leak test failure data at lower temperatures are needed to verify this apparent trend. Insufficient failure data exist currently to perform a similar comparison for GLT-S O-rings. Aging and periodic leak testing will continue for the remaining PCV O-ring fixtures.

Daugherty, W.

2012-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

38

Compressed Sensing accelerated radial acquisitions for dynamic Magnetic Resonance Imaging.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??We present a flexible method dubbed Accelerated Radial Compressed Sensing (ARCS) which uses Compressed Sensing to reconstruct 2D and 3D radial data. Our tests on… (more)

Zwaan, I.N.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

High frequency Pound-Drever-Hall optical ring resonator sensing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

............................................................................................. 25 Sandia Ring Resonator.................................................................................. 26 Nomadics Little Optics Ring Resonator........................................................ 28 Group Delay..................................................................................................... 29 Laser and Optical Amplification................................................................... 30 5. EXPERIMENTAL SETUP................................................................................. 34 Environmental Test...

Chambers, James Paul

2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

40

High frequency Pound-Drever-Hall optical ring resonator sensing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

............................................................................................. 25 Sandia Ring Resonator.................................................................................. 26 Nomadics Little Optics Ring Resonator........................................................ 28 Group Delay..................................................................................................... 29 Laser and Optical Amplification................................................................... 30 5. EXPERIMENTAL SETUP................................................................................. 34 Environmental Test...

Chambers, James Paul

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ring compression testing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Methodology for Mechanical Property Testing of Fuel Cladding Using a Expanded Plug Wedge Test  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An expanded plug method was developed earlier for determining the tensile properties of irradiated fuel cladding. This method tests fuel rod cladding ductility by utilizing an expandable plug to radially stretch a small ring of irradiated cladding material. The circumferential or hoop strain is determined from the measured diametrical expansion of the ring. A developed procedure is used to convert the load circumferential strain data from the ring tests into material pseudo-stress-strain curves, from which material properties of the cladding can be extracted. However, several deficiencies existed in this expanded-plug test that can impact the accuracy of test results, such as that the large axial compressive stress resulted from the expansion plug test can potentially induce the shear failure mode of the tested specimen. Moreover, highly nonuniform stress and strain distribution in the deformed clad gage section and significant compressive stresses, induced by bending deformation due to clad bulging effect, will further result in highly nonconservative estimates of the mechanical properties for both strength and ductility of the tested clad. To overcome the aforementioned deficiencies associated with the current expansion plug test, systematic studies have been conducted. By optimizing the specific geometry designs, selecting the appropriate material for the expansion plug, and adding new components into the testing system, a modified expansion plug testing protocol has been developed. A general procedure was also developed to determine the hoop stress in the tested ring specimen. A scaling factor, -factor, was used to convert the ring load Fring into hoop stress , and is written as _ = F_ring/tl , where t is the clad thickness and l is the clad length. The generated stress-strain curve agrees well with the associated tensile test data in both elastic and plastic deformation regions.

Jiang, Hao [ORNL; Wang, Jy-An John [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Compression and immersion tests and leaching of radionuclides, stable metals, and chelating agents from cement-solidified decontamination waste collected from nuclear power stations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A study was performed for the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) to evaluate structural stability and leachability of radionuclides, stable metals, and chelating agents from cement-solidified decontamination ion-exchange resin wastes collected from seven commercial boiling water reactors and one pressurized water reactor. The decontamination methods used at the reactors were the Can-Decon, AP/Citrox, Dow NS-1, and LOMI processes. Samples of untreated resin waste and solidified waste forms were subjected to immersion and compressive strength testing. Some waste-form samples were leach-tested using simulated groundwaters and simulated seawater for comparison with the deionized water tests that are normally performed to assess waste-form leachability. This report presents the results of these tests and assesses the effects of the various decontamination methods, waste form formulations, leachant chemical compositions, and pH of the leachant on the structural stability and leachability of the waste forms. Results indicate that releases from intact and degraded waste forms are similar and that the behavior of some radionuclides such as {sup 55}Fe, {sup 60}Co, and {sup 99}Tc were similar. In addition, the leachability indexes are greater than 6.0, which meets the requirement in the NRC`s ``Technical Position on Waste Form,`` Revision 1.

Akers, D.W.; Kraft, N.C.; Mandler, J.W. [EG and G Idaho, Inc., Idaho Falls, ID (United States)

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Reply to Baker and Genty's comments on "A test of annual resolution in stalagmite using tree rings"  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of a single, banded stalagmite from Carslbad Cavern, New Mex- ico, USA, reported by Polyak and Asmerom (2001 Carlsbad Cavern, where there was no overlap with the instrumental record. These potential tests

44

Dynamic Phase Filtering with Integrated Optical Ring Resonators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

can then help extract complex spectral information. Broadband photonic RF phase shifting for beam steering of a phased array antenna is also shown using dynamically tunable integrated optical ring resonators. Finally all-optical pulse compression...

Adams, Donald Benjamin

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

45

Raw Data Compression in Computed Tomography: Noise Shaping  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Raw Data Compression in Computed Tomography: Noise Shaping Yao Xie (team member: Adam Wang) Project.1 Background X-ray computed tomography (CT) builds on the physical principles of radiography. It uses multiple ring that has a limited data transfer rate. Compression can be used to reduce the data rate through

Xie, Yao

46

DEVELOPMENT AND CONSTRUCTION OF LOW-CRACKING HIGH-PERFORMANCE CONCRETE (LC-HPC) BRIDGE DECKS: FREE SHRINKAGE TESTS, RESTRAINED RING TESTS, CONSTRUCTION EXPERIENCE, AND CRACK SURVEY RESULTS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The development, construction, and evaluation of low-cracking high-performance concrete (LC-HPC) bridge decks are described based on laboratory test results and experiences gained during the construction of 13 LC-HPC bridge decks in Kansas, along...

Yuan, Jiqiu

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

47

NINTH INTERIM STATUS REPORT: MODEL 9975 PCV O-RING FIXTURE LONG-TERM LEAK PERFORMANCE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A series of experiments to monitor the aging performance of Viton® GLT O-rings used in the Model 9975 package has been ongoing since 2004 at the Savannah River National Laboratory. One approach has been to periodically evaluate the leak performance of O-rings being aged in mock-up 9975 Primary Containment Vessels (PCVs) at elevated temperatures. Other methods such as compression-stress relaxation (CSR) tests and field surveillance are also on-going to evaluate O-ring behavior. Seventy tests using PCV mock-ups were assembled and heated to temperatures ranging from 200 to 450 ºF. They were leak-tested initially and have been tested periodically to determine if they continue to meet the leak-tightness criterion defined in ANSI standard N14.5-97. Due to material substitution, fourteen additional tests were initiated in 2008 with GLT-S O-rings heated to temperatures ranging from 200 to 400 ºF. High temperature aging continues for 23 GLT O-ring fixtures at 200 – 270 ºF. Room temperature leak test failures have been experienced in all of the GLT O-ring fixtures aging at 350 ºF and higher temperatures, and in 8 fixtures aging at 300 ºF. The earliest 300 °F GLT O-ring fixture failure was observed at 34 months. The remaining GLT O-ring fixtures aging at 300 ºF have been retired from testing following more than 5 years at temperature without failure. No failures have yet been observed in GLT O-ring fixtures aging at 200 ºF for 72 - 96 months, which bounds O-ring temperatures anticipated during storage in K-Area Complex (KAC). Based on expectations that the 200 ºF fixtures will remain leak-tight for a significant period yet to come, 2 additional fixtures began aging in 2011 at 270 ºF, with hopes that they may reach a failure condition before the 200 ºF fixtures, thus providing additional time to failure data. High temperature aging continues for 6 GLT-S O-ring fixtures at 200 – 300 ºF. Room temperature leak test failures have been experienced in all 8 of the GLT-S O-ring fixtures aging at 350 and 400 ºF. No failures have yet been observed in GLT-S O-ring fixtures aging at 200 - 300 ºF for 54 - 57 months. No additional O-ring failures have been observed since the last interim report was issued. Aging and periodic leak testing will continue for the remaining PCV fixtures. Additional irradiation of several fixtures is recommended to maintain a balance between thermal and radiation exposures similar to that experienced in storage, and to show the degree of consistency of radiation response between GLT and GLT-S O-rings.

Daugherty, W.

2014-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

48

Formation of compressed flat electron beams with high transverse-emittance ratios  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Flat beams—beams with asymmetric transverse emittances—have important applications in novel light-source concepts and advanced-acceleration schemes and could possibly alleviate the need for damping rings in lepton colliders. Over the last decade, a flat beam generation technique based on the conversion of an angular-momentum-dominated beam was proposed and experimentally tested. In this paper we explore the production of compressed flat beams. We especially investigate and optimize the flat beam transformation for beams with substantial fractional energy spread. We use as a simulation example the photoinjector of Fermilab’s Advanced Superconducting Test Accelerator. The optimizations of the flat beam generation and compression at Advanced Superconducting Test Accelerator were done via start-to-end numerical simulations for bunch charges of 3.2 nC, 1.0 nC, and 20 pC at ?37??MeV. The optimized emittances of flat beams with different bunch charges were found to be 0.25???m (emittance ratio is ?400), 0.13????m, 15 nm before compression, and 0.41???m, 0.20???m, 16 nm after full compression, respectively, with peak currents as high as 5.5 kA for a 3.2?nC flat beam. These parameters are consistent with requirements needed to excite wakefields in asymmetric dielectric-lined waveguides or produce significant photon flux using small-gap micro-undulators.

Zhu, J. [Fermilab; Institute of Fluid Physics, CAEP, China; Piot, P. [Northern Illinois University; Fermilab; Mihalcea, D. [Northern Illinois University; Prokop, C. R. [Northern Illinois University

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

EA-1752: Pacific Gas & Electric Company (PG&E), Compressed Air...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

52: Pacific Gas & Electric Company (PG&E), Compressed Air Energy Storage (CAES) Compression Testing Phase Project, San Joaquin County, California EA-1752: Pacific Gas & Electric...

50

Compressed Postscript  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In order to conduct this evaluation we will per-. form numerical tests ...... 99-05, Statistics and Operations Research, Princeton University, 1999. 24. P. Spellucci.

51

Ion Rings for Magnetic Fusion  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This Final Technical Report presents the results of the program, Ion Rings for Magnetic Fusion, which was carried out under Department of Energy funding during the period August, 1993 to January, 2005. The central objective of the program was to study the properties of field-reversed configurations formed by ion rings. In order to reach this objective, our experimental program, called the Field-reversed Ion Ring Experiment, FIREX, undertook to develop an efficient, economical technology for the production of field-reversed ion rings. A field-reversed configuration (FRC) in which the azimuthal (field-reversing) current is carried by ions with gyro-radius comparable to the magnetic separatrix radius is called a field-reversed ion ring. A background plasma is required for charge neutralization of the ring, and this plasma will be confined within the ring's closed magnetic flux. Ion rings have long been of interest as the basis of compact magnetic fusion reactors, as the basis for a high-power accelerator for an inertial fusion driver, and for other applications of high power ion beams or plasmas of high energy density. Specifically, the FIREX program was intended to address the longstanding question of the contribution of large-orbit ions to the observed stability of experimental FRCs to the MHD tilt mode. Typical experimental FRCs with s {approx} 2-4, where s is the ratio of separatrix radius to ion gyro-radius, have been stable to tilting, but desired values for a fusion reactor, s > 20, should be unstable. The FIREX ring would consist of a plasma with large s for the background ions, but with s {approx} 1 for the ring ions. By varying the proportions of these two populations, the minimum proportion of large-orbit ions necessary for stability could be determined. The incorporation of large-orbit ions, perhaps by neutral-beam injection, into an FRC has been advanced for the purpose of stabilizing, heating, controlling angular momentum, and aiding the formation of a reactor-scale FRC, and the FIREX program was intended to test the ideas behind this approach. We will describe in this report the technological development path and advances in physics understanding that allowed FIREX to reach a regime in which ion rings were reproducibly created with up to about half the current necessary to produce field reversal. Unfortunately, the experiments were limited to this level by a fundamental, unanticipated aspect of the physics of strong ion rings in plasma. The FIREX ring is a strongly anisotropic, current-carrying population of ions moving faster than the Alfven speed in the background plasma. The rapidly changing ring current excites very large-amplitude Alfven waves in the plasma, and these waves strongly affect the ring, causing rapid energy loss in a way that is not compatible with the success of the ring trapping scenario around which FIREX was designed. The result was that FIREX rings were always very short-lived. We will discuss the implication of these results for possible future use of large-orbit ions in FRCs. In short, it appears that a certain range of the parameters characterizing the ring Alfven mach number and distribution function must be avoided to allow the existence of a long-lived energetic ion component in an FRC. This report will explain why FIREX experimental results cannot be directly scaled to quantitatively predict this range for a particular FRC configuration. This will require accurate, three-dimensional simulations. FIREX results do constitute a very good dataset for validating such a code, and simulations already carried out during this program provide a guide to the important physics involved.

Greenly, John, B.

2005-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

52

Using Statistical Transformations to Improve Compression for Linear Decompressors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

in the test data to reduce the number of specified bits that need to be produced by the linear decompressor described in this paper. 1. Introduction Test data compression provides a means to reduce test costs by reducing tester storage, test time, and test data bandwidth requirements. Compressing the output response

Touba, Nur A.

53

Stirling engine piston ring  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A piston ring design for a Stirling engine wherein the contact pressure between the piston and the cylinder is maintained at a uniform level, independent of engine conditions through a balancing of the pressure exerted upon the ring's surface and thereby allowing the contact pressure on the ring to be predetermined through the use of a preloaded expander ring.

Howarth, Roy B. (Clifton Park, NY)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Compression and Creep of Venice Lagoon Sands  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A laboratory test program was conducted to evaluate the one-dimensional (1D) compression and creep properties of intact sand (and silty-sand) samples from a deep borehole at the Malamocco Inlet to the Venice Lagoon. The ...

Sanzeni, Alex

55

Sequential Compressed Sensing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Compressed sensing allows perfect recovery of sparse signals (or signals sparse in some basis) using only a small number of random measurements. Existing results in compressed sensing literature have focused on characterizing ...

Malioutov, Dmitry M.

56

Bicycling Black Rings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present detailed physics analyses of two different 4+1-dimensional asymptotically flat vacuum black hole solutions with spin in two independent planes: the doubly spinning black ring and the bicycling black ring system ("bi-rings"). The latter is a new solution describing two concentric orthogonal rotating black rings which we construct using the inverse scattering technique. We focus particularly on extremal zero-temperature limits of the solutions. Such limits exist for both types of solutions; for the bi-rings it is obtained when the two rings drag each other to extremality through the effect of gravitational frame-dragging. We construct the phase diagram of currently known zero-temperature vacuum black hole solutions with a single event horizon, and discuss the non-uniqueness introduced by more exotic black hole configurations such as bi-rings and multi-ring saturns.

Elvang, Henriette

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Compressed gas manifold  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A compressed gas storage cell interconnecting manifold including a thermally activated pressure relief device, a manual safety shut-off valve, and a port for connecting the compressed gas storage cells to a motor vehicle power source and to a refueling adapter. The manifold is mechanically and pneumatically connected to a compressed gas storage cell by a bolt including a gas passage therein.

Hildebrand, Richard J. (Edgemere, MD); Wozniak, John J. (Columbia, MD)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Hydrogen Delivery Liquefaction and Compression  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Hydrogen Delivery Liquefaction and Compression - Overview of commercial hydrogen liquefaction and compression and opportunities to improve efficiencies and reduce cost.

59

Gasket and snap ring installation tool  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A tool for installing a gasket and a snap ring including a shaft, a first plate attached to the forward end of the shaft, a second plate slidably carried by the shaft, a spring disposed about the shaft between the first and second plates, and a sleeve that is free to slide over the shaft and engage the second plate. The first plate has a loading surface with a loading groove for receiving a snap ring and a shoulder for holding a gasket. A plurality of openings are formed through the first plate, communicating with the loading groove and approximately equally spaced about the groove. A plurality of rods are attached to the second plate, each rod slidable in one of the openings. In use, the loaded tool is inserted into a hollow pipe or pipe fitting having an internal flange and an internal seating groove, such that the gasket is positioned against the flange and the ring is in the approximate plane of the seating groove. The sleeve is pushed against the second plate, sliding the second plate towards the first plate, compressing the spring and sliding the rods forwards in the openings. The rods engage the snap ring and urge the ring from the loading groove into the seating groove.

Southerland, Jr., James M. (Aiken, SC); Barringer, Jr., Curtis N. (Orangeburg, SC)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Department of Mechanical Engineering Fall 2010 Lycoming Engines Design of Novel Piston Rings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

assembly for use in air-cooled aircraft internal combustion engines. Lycoming currently uses two cast iron keystone shaped compression rings and an oil control ring. Objectives The main objective is to deliver. The main design aspects the team focused on were: Improving combustion gas sealing Reducing oil

Demirel, Melik C.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ring compression testing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Compressed Air Audits using AIRMaster  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

&M measures. An introduction to the AIRMaster software is provided. Goals The project goals were to develop and test a method and tools to perform Compressed Air System audits. The audits should use only simple instrumentation during a relatively short... air system leaks. 2. AIRMaster Software and User's Manual. AIRMaster is a spreadsheet-based program that can model part load system operation with up to five rotary screw and reciprocating compressors operating simultaneously with varying...

Wheeler, G. M.; McGill, R. D.; Bessey, E. G.; Vischer, K.

62

STATUS REPORT FOR AGING STUDIES OF EPDM O-RING MATERIAL FOR THE H1616 SHIPPING PACKAGE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This is an interim status report for tasks carried out per Task Technical Plan SRNL-STI-2011-00506. A series of tasks/experiments are being performed at the Savannah River National Laboratory to monitor the aging performance of ethylene propylene diene monomer (EPDM) Orings used in the H1616 shipping package. The data will support the technical basis to extend the annual maintenance of the EPDM O-rings in the H1616 shipping package and to predict the life of the seals at bounding service conditions. Current expectations are that the O-rings will maintain a seal at bounding normal temperatures in service (152 F) for at least 12 months. The baseline aging data review suggests that the EPDM O-rings are likely to retain significant mechanical properties and sealing force at bounding service temperatures to provide a service life of at least 2 years. At lower, more realistic temperatures, longer service life is likely. Parallel compression stress relaxation and vessel leak test efforts are in progress to further validate this assessment and quantify a more realistic service life prediction. The H1616 shipping package O-rings were evaluated for baseline property data as part of this test program. This was done to provide a basis for comparison of changes in material properties and performance parameters as a function of aging. This initial characterization was limited to physical and mechanical properties, namely hardness, thickness and tensile strength. These properties appear to be consistent with O-ring specifications. Three H1616-1 Containment Vessels were placed in test conditions and are aging at temperatures ranging from 160 to 300 F. The vessels were Helium leak-tested initially and have been tested at periodic intervals after cooling to room temperature to determine if they meet the criterion of leaktightness defined in ANSI standard N14.5-97 (< 1E-07 std cc air/sec at room temperature). To date, no leak test failures have occurred. The cumulative time at temperature ranges from 174 days for the 300 F vessel to 189 days for the 160 F vessel as of 8/1/2012. The compression stress-relaxation (CSR) behavior of H1616 shipping package O-rings is being evaluated to develop an aging model based on material properties. O-ring segments were initially aged at four temperatures (175 F, 235 F, 300 F and 350 F). These temperatures were selected to bound normal service temperatures and to challenge the seals within a reasonable aging period. Currently, samples aging at 300 F and 350 F have reached the mechanical failure point (end of life) which is defined in this study as 90% loss of initial sealing force. As a result, additional samples more recently began aging at {approx}270 F to provide additional data for the aging model. Aging and periodic leak testing of the full containment vessels, as well as CSR testing of O-ring segments is ongoing. Continued testing per the Task Technical Plan is recommended in order to validate the assumptions outlined in this status report and to quantify and validate the long-term performance of O-ring seals under actual service conditions.

Stefek, T.; Daugherty, W.; Skidmore, E.

2012-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

63

Bicycling Black Rings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present detailed physics analyses of two different 4+1-dimensional asymptotically flat vacuum black hole solutions with spin in two independent planes: the doubly spinning black ring and the bicycling black ring system ("bi-rings"). The latter is a new solution describing two concentric orthogonal rotating black rings which we construct using the inverse scattering technique. We focus particularly on extremal zero-temperature limits of the solutions. We construct the phase diagram of currently known zero-temperature vacuum black hole solutions with a single event horizon, and discuss the non-uniqueness introduced by more exotic black hole configurations such as bi-rings and multi-ring saturns.

Henriette Elvang; Maria J. Rodriguez

2008-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

64

Initial report on stress-corrosion-cracking experiments using Zircaloy-4 spent fuel cladding C-rings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Nevada Nuclear Waste Storage Investigations (NNWSI) Project is sponsoring C-ring stress corrosion cracking scoping experiments as a first step in evaluating the potential for stress corrosion cracking of spent fuel cladding in a potential tuff repository environment. The objective is to scope the approximate behavior so that more precise pressurized tube testing can be performed over an appropriate range of stress, without expanding the long-term effort needlessly. The experiment consists of stressing, by compression with a dead weight load, C-rings fabricated from spent fuel cladding exposed to an environment of Well J-13 water held at 90{degree}C. The results indicate that stress corrosion cracking occurs at the high stress levels employed in the experiments. The cladding C-rings, tested at 90% of the stress at which elastic behavior is obtained in these specimens, broke in 25 to 64 d when tested in water. This was about one third of the time required for control tests to break in air. This is apparently the first observation of stress corrosion under the test conditions of relatively low temperature, benign environment but very high stress. The 150 ksi test stress could be applied as a result of the particular specimen geometry. By comparison, the uniaxial tensile yield stress is about 100 to 120 ksi and the ultimate stress is about 150 ksi. When a general model that fits the high stress results is extrapolated to lower stress levels, it indicates that the C-rings in experiments now running at {approximately}80% of the yield strength should take 200 to 225 d to break. 21 refs., 24 figs., 5 tabs.

Smith, H.D.

1988-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VERY LARGE SCALE INTEGRATION (VLSI) SYSTEMS, VOL. 16, NO. 11, NOVEMBER 2008 1429 Test Data Compression Using Selective  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.2000674 testing can be reduced by using a large number of internal scan chains. However, the number of ATE, and Krishnendu Chakrabarty, Fellow, IEEE Abstract--We present a selective encoding method that reduces test data- 0204077. A preliminary version of this paper was published in the Proceeding of the IEEE International

Chakrabarty, Krishnendu

66

Storage Ring Revised March 1994  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.5.4.3. Ground Plane Epoxy #12; 136 Storage Ring #12; Storage Ring 137 8.5.5. Coil Winding Process #12; 138Chapter 8. Storage Ring Revised March 1994 8.1. Introduction -- 107 -- #12; 108 Storage Ring 8.2. Magnetic Design and Field Calculations 8.2.1. Conceptual Approach #12; Storage Ring 109 #12; 110 Storage

Brookhaven National Laboratory - Experiment 821

67

The Fermilab recycler ring  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Fermilab Recycler is a permanent magnet storage ring for the accumulation of antiprotons from the Antiproton Source, and the recovery and cooling of the antiprotons remaining at the end of a Tevatron store. It is an integral part of the Fermilab III luminosity upgrade. The following paper describes the design features, operational and commissioning status of the Recycler Ring.

Martin Hu

2001-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

68

Hydrogen Delivery Liquefaction & Compression  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Hydrogen Delivery Liquefaction & Compression Raymond Drnevich Praxair - Tonawanda, NY Strategic Initiatives for Hydrogen Delivery Workshop - May 7, 2003 #12;2 Agenda Introduction to Praxair Hydrogen Liquefaction Hydrogen Compression #12;3 Praxair at a Glance The largest industrial gas company in North

69

LAPPED TRANSFORMS COMPRESSION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Chapter 6 LAPPED TRANSFORMS FOR IMAGE COMPRESSION Ricardo L. de Queiroz Digital Imaging Technology aspects of lapped transforms and their applications to image compression. It is a subject that has been extensively studied mainly because lapped transforms are closely related to filter banks, wavelets, and time

de Queiroz, Ricardo L.

70

Fundamentals of Compressed Air Systems  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Find out how a compressed air system works and the benefits of optimal compressed air system performance. This initial class demonstrates how to compute the current cost of your plant's compressed...

71

Factors affecting piston ring friction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The piston ring pack friction is a major contributor to the internal combustion engine mechanical friction loss. The oil control ring decides the oil supply to the top two rings in addition to being the major friction ...

Liao, Kai, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Extracting Constitutive Stress-Strain Behavior of Microscopic Phases by Micropillar Compression  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The manuscript describes how micropillar compression technique can be used to perform uniaxial compression tests within individual grains so as to generate local-scale constitutive behavior which, otherwise cannot be ascertained from the conventional macroscale compression test techniques. The manuscript uses steel and magnesium alloys as an example. A portion of the magnesium work was performed at PNNL.

Williams, J. J.; Walters, Jennifer; Wang, Mingyue; Chawla, N.; Rohatgi, Aashish

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Modeling Compressed Turbulence  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

From ICE to ICF, the effect of mean compression or expansion is important for predicting the state of the turbulence. When developing combustion models, we would like to know the mix state of the reacting species. This involves density and concentration fluctuations. To date, research has focused on the effect of compression on the turbulent kinetic energy. The current work provides constraints to help development and calibration for models of species mixing effects in compressed turbulence. The Cambon, et al., re-scaling has been extended to buoyancy driven turbulence, including the fluctuating density, concentration, and temperature equations. The new scalings give us helpful constraints for developing and validating RANS turbulence models.

Israel, Daniel M. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

74

Effects of electrode compression on the performance of a solid polymer electrolyte fuel cell  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The effects of electrode compression on the performance of a polymer electrolyte fuel cell (PEFC) were investigated. Preliminary testing showed that considerable compression of the carbon cloth electrodes was provided by the PEFC structure. Further...

Del Campo, Christopher Scott

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Rings and convolution algebras  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

AND CONVOLUTION ALGEBRAS A Thesis by MIKE ZELLER Approved as to style and content by: Chairma Committee Head of Department (Member Member Member Member December 1975 ABSTRACT Rings and Convolution Algebras. (December 1975) Nike Zeller, B. S...

Zeller, Mike

1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

The performance of the Los Alamos Proton Storage Ring  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Proton Storage Ring (PSR) now in operation at Los Alamos is a high-current accumulator that generates intense 800-MeV proton pulses for driving the Los Alamos Neutron Scattering Center (LANSCE) spallation source. The ring compresses up to 1000-..mu..s-long macropulses from the LAMPF linac into 250-ns bunches and ejects them to a neutron-production target, providing an output optimized for thermal-neutron-scattering research. The design pulse rate and peak pulse intensity of PSR are 12 Hz and 5.2 . 10/sup 13/ protons per pulse (ppp), yielding 100 ..mu..A average current when full performance is reached. This paper summarizes commissioning results and operational experience in the two years since first beam. The PSR has operated in production at average currents up to 30 ..mu..A and has reached a peak intensity of 3.4 . 10/sup 13/ ppp. These achievements represents 30% and 65% of the design objectives. Higher current production has been inhibited by beam losses during accumulation and extraction. Therefore, experiments to understand loss mechanisms have occupied a large fraction of the commissioning effort. Correction of an extraction-channel aperture restriction identified late in 1986 should dramatically reduce extraction losses, which will permit higher current production in 1987. Beam tests in the 10/sup 13/-ppp range have indicated the presence of a collective instability tentatively identified as transverse. However, by suitable parameter adjustments, the instability threshold can be pushed above the top charge-level attainable with the existing H /sup -/ source.

Lawrence, G.P.

1987-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Consider Compressed Combustion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, and costs. In addition, overall advantages for applications involving energy sharing, such as cogeneration are even greater. Thus, compressed combustion should be considered seriously as an economical alternative to conventional heaters, especially in energy...

Crowther, R. H.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Padding with Compressed Air  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We commonly find plants using padding to transport liquids or light solids short distances from tankers into storage tanks. Padding can wreck havoc in compressed air systems with limited storage, undersized cleanup equipment (dryers and filters...

Beals, C.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Mechanical Compression Heat Pumps  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MECHANICAL COMPRESSION HEAT PUMPS Thomas-L. Apaloo and K. Kawamura Mycom Corporation, Los Angeles, California J. Matsuda, Mayekawa Mfg. Co., Tokyo, Japan ABSTRACT Mechanical compression heat pumping is not new in industrial applications.... In fact, industry history suggests that the theoretical concept was developed before 1825. Heat pump manufacturers gained the support of consultants and end-users when the energy crisis hit this country in 1973. That interest, today, has been...

Apaloo, T. L.; Kawamura, K.; Matsuda, J.

80

Image compression technique  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An image is compressed by identifying edge pixels of the image; creating a filled edge array of pixels each of the pixels in the filled edge array which corresponds to an edge pixel having a value equal to the value of a pixel of the image array selected in response to the edge pixel, and each of the pixels in the filled edge array which does not correspond to an edge pixel having a value which is a weighted average of the values of surrounding pixels in the filled edge array which do correspond to edge pixels; and subtracting the filled edge array from the image array to create a difference array. The edge file and the difference array are then separately compressed and transmitted or stored. The original image is later reconstructed by creating a preliminary array in response to the received edge file, and adding the preliminary array to the received difference array. Filling is accomplished by solving Laplace`s equation using a multi-grid technique. Contour and difference file coding techniques also are described. The techniques can be used in a method for processing a plurality of images by selecting a respective compression approach for each image, compressing each of the images according to the compression approach selected, and transmitting each of the images as compressed, in correspondence with an indication of the approach selected for the image. 16 figs.

Fu, C.Y.; Petrich, L.I.

1997-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ring compression testing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Compression induced delamination in a unidirectional graphite/epoxy composite  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

110 Vl Table LIST OF TABLES Page 1 Compression Delamination Test Results P = 19. 79 N (4, 45 lb) E* = 136. 55 GPa (19. 8E6 Psi) s 2 Compression Delamination Test Results P = 24. OZ N (5. 4 lb) E = 136. 55 GPa (19. 8E6 Psi) s 3 Compression... Involving Different Crack Surface Displacements 3 fl . P /P 4 f2 vs. Pa/Pc 5 f3 vs. Pa/Pc 6 f4 vs. Pa/Pc 7 Test Specimen 8 Specimen Geometry 9 Cure Cycle for ASl/3502 Graphite/Epoxy Panels 10 Split Laminate in the Form of a Double-Cantilever Beam...

Earley, John W.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Advanced Controls for Industrial Compressed Air Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

at a Goulds Pumps manufacturing plant in Seneca Falls, New York, and is currently undergoing field testing. The compressed air system will optimize the energy efficiency of the 7 compressor system (1,850hp) at Goulds, while reducing system pressure...

Vold, P.; Gabel, S.; Carmichael, L.; Curtner, K.; Cirillo, N. C. Jr.

83

LIFETIME PREDICTION FOR MODEL 9975 O-RINGS IN KAMS  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Savannah River Site (SRS) is currently storing plutonium materials in the K-Area Materials Storage (KAMS) facility. The materials are packaged per the DOE 3013 Standard and transported and stored in KAMS in Model 9975 shipping packages, which include double containment vessels sealed with dual O-rings made of Parker Seals compound V0835-75 (based on Viton{reg_sign} GLT). The outer O-ring of each containment vessel is credited for leaktight containment per ANSI N14.5. O-ring service life depends on many factors, including the failure criterion, environmental conditions, overall design, fabrication quality and assembly practices. A preliminary life prediction model has been developed for the V0835-75 O-rings in KAMS. The conservative model is based primarily on long-term compression stress relaxation (CSR) experiments and Arrhenius accelerated-aging methodology. For model development purposes, seal lifetime is defined as a 90% loss of measurable sealing force. Thus far, CSR experiments have only reached this target level of degradation at temperatures {ge} 300 F. At lower temperatures, relaxation values are more tolerable. Using time-temperature superposition principles, the conservative model predicts a service life of approximately 20-25 years at a constant seal temperature of 175 F. This represents a maximum payload package at a constant ambient temperature of 104 F, the highest recorded in KAMS to date. This is considered a highly conservative value as such ambient temperatures are only reached on occasion and for short durations. The presence of fiberboard in the package minimizes the impact of such temperature swings, with many hours to several days required for seal temperatures to respond proportionately. At 85 F ambient, a more realistic but still conservative value, bounding seal temperatures are reduced to {approx}158 F, with an estimated seal lifetime of {approx}35-45 years. The actual service life for O-rings in a maximum wattage package likely lies higher than the estimates due to the conservative assumptions used for the model. For lower heat loads at similar ambient temperatures, seal lifetime is further increased. The preliminary model is based on several assumptions that require validation with additional experiments and longer exposures at more realistic conditions. The assumption of constant exposure at peak temperature is believed to be conservative. Cumulative damage at more realistic conditions will likely be less severe but is more difficult to assess based on available data. Arrhenius aging behavior is expected, but non-Arrhenius behavior is possible. Validation of Arrhenius behavior is ideally determined from longer tests at temperatures closer to actual service conditions. CSR experiments will therefore continue at lower temperatures to validate the model. Ultrasensitive oxygen consumption analysis has been shown to be useful in identifying non-Arrhenius behavior within reasonable test periods. Therefore, additional experiments are recommended and planned to validate the model.

Hoffman, E.; Skidmore, E.

2009-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

84

Unidirectional ring lasers  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Unidirectional ring lasers formed by integrating nonreciprocal optical elements into the resonant ring cavity is disclosed. These optical elements either attenuate light traveling in a nonpreferred direction or amplify light traveling in a preferred direction. In one preferred embodiment the resonant cavity takes the form of a circle with an S-shaped crossover waveguide connected to two points on the interior of the cavity such that light traveling in a nonpreferred direction is diverted from the cavity into the crossover waveguide and reinjected out of the other end of the crossover waveguide into the cavity as light traveling in the preferred direction. 21 figs.

Hohimer, J.P.; Craft, D.C.

1994-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

85

MULTISCALE RANDOM PROJECTIONS FOR COMPRESSIVE CLASSIFICATION Marco F. Duarte,r  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of sam- pling and compression [1, 2]. CS enables the design of new kinds of compressive imaging systems ratio test; in the case of image classification, it exploits the fact that a set of images of a fixed- quires compressive image projections, we achieve high clas- sification rates using many fewer

86

AGING BEHAVIOR OF VITON O-RING SEALS IN THE 9975 SHIPPING PACKAGE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Savannah River Site (SRS) is storing plutonium (Pu) materials in the K-Area Materials Storage (KAMS) facility. The Pu materials were packaged according to the DOE-STD-3013 standard and shipped to the SRS in Type B 9975 packages. The robust 9975 shipping package was not designed for long-term product storage, but it is a specified part of the storage configuration and the KAMS facility safety basis credits the 9975 design with containment. Within the 9975 package, nested stainless steel containment vessels are closed with dual O-ring seals based on Viton{reg_sign} GLT or GLT-S fluoroelastomer. The aging behavior of the O-ring compounds is being studied to provide the facility with advanced notice of nonconformance and to develop life prediction models. A combination of field surveillance, leak testing of surrogate fixtures aged at bounding service temperatures, and accelerated-aging methodologies based on compression stress-relaxation and oxygen consumption analysis is being used to evaluate seal performance. A summary of the surveillance program relative to seal aging behavior is presented.

Skidmore, E.; Daugherty, W.; Hoffman, E.; Dunn, K.; Bellamy, S.

2012-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

87

Compressed Air Energy Storage System  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

/expanders are crucial for the economical viability of a Compressed Air Energy Storage (CAES) system such as the

Farzad A. Shirazi; Mohsen Saadat; Bo Yan; Perry Y. Li; Terry W. Simon

88

Geodesic Motion in the (Charged) Doubly Spinning Black Ring Spacetime  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this article we analyze the geodesics of test particles and light in the five dimensional (charged) doubly spinning black ring spacetime. Apparently it is not possible to separate the Hamilton-Jacobi-equation for (charged) doubly spinning black rings in general, so we concentrate on special cases: null geodesics in the ergosphere and geodesics on the two rotational axes of the (charged) doubly spinning black ring. We present analytical solutions to the geodesic equations for these special cases. Using effective potential techniques we study the motion of test particles and light and discuss the corresponding orbits.

Saskia Grunau; Valeria Kagramanova; Jutta Kunz

2012-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

89

Compressive Rendering of Multidimensional Scenes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Compressive Rendering of Multidimensional Scenes Pradeep Sen, Soheil Darabi, and Lei Xiao Advanced of using compressed sensing to reconstruct the 2D images produced by a rendering system, a process we called compressive rendering. In this work, we present the natural extension of this idea

Sen, Pradeep

90

Hydrogen Compression, Storage, and Dispensing Cost Reduction...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Compression, Storage, and Dispensing Cost Reduction Workshop Addendum Hydrogen Compression, Storage, and Dispensing Cost Reduction Workshop Addendum Document states additional...

91

Finding Structure via Compression Jason L. Hutchens  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Structurevia Compression Jason L. Hutchens and Michael D. Alder (1998) Finding Structure via Compression. In D.M.W

92

Precooler Ring Vacuum System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The precooler vacuum system, as proposed by FNAL, is based on a suitable modification of the existing Electron Cooling Ring System. Because of the magnetic cycle of the bending magnets, distributed ion pumping, as exists in the Electron Cooling Ring, is not applicable. Instead, the proposed pumping will be done with commercial appendage ion pumps mounted approximately every two meters around the circumference of the ring. The loss of effective pumping speed and non-uniformity of system pressure with appendage pumps may not be major considerations but the large number required does effect experimental and analytical equipment placement considerations. There is a distributed pumping technique available which: (1) is not affected by the magnetic cycle of the bending magnets; (2) will provide a minimum of four times the hydrogen pumping speed of the proposed appendage ion pumps; (3) will require no power during pumping after the strip is activated; (4) will provide the heat source for bakeout; (5) is easily replaceable; and (6) can be purchased, installed, and operated at a generous economic advantage over the presently proposed ion pumped system. The pumping technique referred to is non-evaporable gettering with ST101 Zr/Al pumping strip. A technical description of this pumping strip is given on Data Sheet 1 and 2 attached to this report.

Moenich, J.

1980-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

93

Wavelet/scalar quantization compression standard for fingerprint images  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

US Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) has recently formulated a national standard for digitization and compression of gray-scale fingerprint images. Fingerprints are scanned at a spatial resolution of 500 dots per inch, with 8 bits of gray-scale resolution. The compression algorithm for the resulting digital images is based on adaptive uniform scalar quantization of a discrete wavelet transform subband decomposition (wavelet/scalar quantization method). The FBI standard produces archival-quality images at compression ratios of around 15 to 1 and will allow the current database of paper fingerprint cards to be replaced by digital imagery. The compression standard specifies a class of potential encoders and a universal decoder with sufficient generality to reconstruct compressed images produced by any compliant encoder, allowing flexibility for future improvements in encoder technology. A compliance testing program is also being implemented to ensure high standards of image quality and interchangeability of data between different implementations.

Brislawn, C.M.

1996-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

94

Frequency extrapolation by nonconvex compressive sensing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Tomographic imaging modalities sample subjects with a discrete, finite set of measurements, while the underlying object function is continuous. Because of this, inversion of the imaging model, even under ideal conditions, necessarily entails approximation. The error incurred by this approximation can be important when there is rapid variation in the object function or when the objects of interest are small. In this work, we investigate this issue with the Fourier transform (FT), which can be taken as the imaging model for magnetic resonance imaging (MRl) or some forms of wave imaging. Compressive sensing has been successful for inverting this data model when only a sparse set of samples are available. We apply the compressive sensing principle to a somewhat related problem of frequency extrapolation, where the object function is represented by a super-resolution grid with many more pixels than FT measurements. The image on the super-resolution grid is obtained through nonconvex minimization. The method fully utilizes the available FT samples, while controlling aliasing and ringing. The algorithm is demonstrated with continuous FT samples of the Shepp-Logan phantom with additional small, high-contrast objects.

Chartrand, Rick [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sidky, Emil Y [UNIV OF CHICAGO; Pan, Xiaochaun [UNIV OF CHICAGO

2010-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

95

Compression of ground-motion data  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ground motion data has been recorded for many years at Nevada Test Site and is now stored on thousands of digital tapes. The recording format is very inefficient in terms of space on tape. This report outlines a method to compress the data onto a few hundred tapes while maintaining the accuracy of the recording and allowing restoration of any file to the original format for future use. For future digitizing a more efficient format is described and suggested.

Long, J.W.

1981-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

ARM - Tree Rings  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc Documentation RUC :ProductsSCM ForcingTeachersTopic List Outreach Home Room NewsPastTree Rings

97

APS Storage Ring Status  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary)morphinanInformation Desert SouthwestTechnologies |November 2011AstudiesRing Under Maintenance Operations Messages:

98

Storage Ring Parameters  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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99

Storage Ring Parameters  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

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100

Storage Ring Parameters  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas ConchasPassiveSubmittedStatus TomAbout » Staff125,849 127,174 126,924Storage Ring Parameters

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ring compression testing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Storage Ring Parameters  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas ConchasPassiveSubmittedStatus TomAbout » Staff125,849 127,174 126,924Storage Ring

102

Storage Ring Parameters  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas ConchasPassiveSubmittedStatus TomAbout » Staff125,849 127,174 126,924Storage RingPhoton

103

Shock compression of precompressed deuterium  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Here we report quasi-isentropic dynamic compression and thermodynamic characterization of solid, precompressed deuterium over an ultrafast time scale (< 100 ps) and a microscopic length scale (< 1 {micro}m). We further report a fast transition in shock wave compressed solid deuterium that is consistent with the ramp to shock transition, with a time scale of less than 10 ps. These results suggest that high-density dynamic compression of hydrogen may be possible on microscopic length scales.

Armstrong, M R; Crowhurst, J C; Zaug, J M; Bastea, S; Goncharov, A F; Militzer, B

2011-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

104

Making Compressed Air System Decisions  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

spawned an entire industry dedicated to manufacturing equipment designed to remove moisture, lubricant, particulate and vapor contaminants from compressed air. Purification equipment, such as air dryers and filters, are used alone or in combination... to reduce the amount of contaminants in the compressed air to the desired purity. All compressed ESL-IE-96-04-32 Proceedings from the Eighteenth Industrial Energy Technology Conference, Houston, TX, April 17-18, 1996 air purification equipment requires...

Porri, R. E.

105

Shock compression profiles in ceramics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An investigation of the shock compression properties of high-strength ceramics has been performed using controlled planar impact techniques. In a typical experimental configuration, a ceramic target disc is held stationary, and it is struck by plates of either a similar ceramic or by plates of a well-characterized metal. All tests were performed using either a single-stage propellant gun or a two-stage light-gas gun. Particle velocity histories were measured with laser velocity interferometry (VISAR) at the interface between the back of the target ceramic and a calibrated VISAR window material. Peak impact stresses achieved in these experiments range from about 3 to 70 GPa. Ceramics tested under shock impact loading include: Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}, AlN, B{sub 4}C, SiC, Si{sub 3}N{sub 4}, TiB{sub 2}, WC and ZrO{sub 2}. This report compiles the VISAR wave profiles and experimental impact parameters within a database-useful for response model development, computational model validation studies, and independent assessment of the physics of dynamic deformation on high-strength, brittle solids.

Grady, D.E.; Moody, R.L.

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Ground Movement in SSRL Ring  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Users of the Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL) are being affected by diurnal motion of the synchrotron's storage ring, which undergoes structural changes due to outdoor temperature fluctuations. In order to minimize the effects of diurnal temperature fluctuations, especially on the vertical motion of the ring floor, scientists at SSRL tried three approaches: painting the storage ring white, covering the asphalt in the middle of the ring with highly reflective Mylar and installing Mylar on a portion of the ring roof and walls. Vertical motion in the storage ring is measured by a Hydrostatic Leveling System (HLS), which calculates the relative height of water in a pipe that extends around the ring. The 24-hr amplitude of the floor motion was determined using spectral analysis of HLS data, and the ratio of this amplitude before and after each experiment was used to quantitatively determine the efficacy of each approach. The results of this analysis showed that the Mylar did not have any significant effect on floor motion, although the whitewash project did yield a reduction in overall HLS variation of 15 percent. However, further analysis showed that the reduction can largely be attributed to a few local changes rather than an overall reduction in floor motion around the ring. Future work will consist of identifying and selectively insulating these local regions in order to find the driving force behind diurnal floor motion in the storage ring.

Sunikumar, Nikita; /UCLA /SLAC

2011-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

107

Split ring containment attachment device  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A containment attachment device 10 for operatively connecting a glovebag 200 to plastic sheeting 100 covering hazardous material. The device 10 includes an inner split ring member 20 connected on one end 22 to a middle ring member 30 wherein the free end 21 of the split ring member 20 is inserted through a slit 101 in the plastic sheeting 100 to captively engage a generally circular portion of the plastic sheeting 100. A collar potion 41 having an outer ring portion 42 is provided with fastening means 51 for securing the device 10 together wherein the glovebag 200 is operatively connected to the collar portion 41.

Sammel, Alfred G. (Pittsburgh, PA)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

ECG Compression: Fast Block-Sorting Compression John Halloran  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ECG Compression: Fast Block-Sorting Compression John Halloran Department of Electrical Engineering University of Hawaii at Manoa EE 628 Fall 2008 April 13, 2010 1 Introduction Electrocardiography(ECG. Given ECG data, a patient may be diagnosed with health issues such as a heart attack or improper levels

Noble, William Stafford

109

Data Compression with Prime Numbers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A compression algorithm is presented that uses the set of prime numbers. Sequences of numbers are correlated with the prime numbers, and labeled with the integers. The algorithm can be iterated on data sets, generating factors of doubles on the compression.

Gordon Chalmers

2005-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

110

Edge compression manifold apparatus  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A manifold for connecting external capillaries to the inlet and/or outlet ports of a microfluidic device for high pressure applications is provided. The fluid connector for coupling at least one fluid conduit to a corresponding port of a substrate that includes: (i) a manifold comprising one or more channels extending therethrough wherein each channel is at least partially threaded, (ii) one or more threaded ferrules each defining a bore extending therethrough with each ferrule supporting a fluid conduit wherein each ferrule is threaded into a channel of the manifold, (iii) a substrate having one or more ports on its upper surface wherein the substrate is positioned below the manifold so that the one or more ports is aligned with the one or more channels of the manifold, and (iv) device to apply an axial compressive force to the substrate to couple the one or more ports of the substrate to a corresponding proximal end of a fluid conduit.

Renzi, Ronald F. (Tracy, CA)

2007-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

111

Formation of polar ring galaxies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Polar ring galaxies are peculiar systems in which a gas rich, nearly polar ring surrounds an early-type or elliptical host galaxy. Two formation scenarios for these objects have been proposed: they are thought to form either in major galaxy mergers or by tidal accretion of the polar material from a gas rich donor galaxy. Both scenarios are studied through N-body simulations including gas dynamics and star formation. Constraints on physical parameters are drawn out, in order to determine which scenario is the most likely to occur. Polar ring galaxies from each scenario are compared with observations and we discuss whether the accretion scenario and the merging scenario account for observational properties of polar ring galaxies. The conclusion of this study is that the accretion scenario is both the most likely and the most supported by observations. Even if the merging scenario is rather robust, most polar ring galaxies are shown to be the result of tidal gas accretion events.

F. Bournaud; F. Combes

2003-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

112

Compression effects on pressure loss in flexible HVAC ducts  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A study was conducted to evaluate the effect of compression on pressure drop in flexible, spiral wire helix core ducts used in residential and light commercial applications. Ducts of 6 inches, 8 inches and 10 inches (150, 200 and 250 mm) nominal diameters were tested under different compression configurations following ASHRAE Standard 120-1999--Methods of Testing to Determine Flow Resistance of HVAC Air Ducts and Fittings. The results showed that the available published references tend to underestimate the effects of compression. The study demonstrated that moderate compression in flexible ducts, typical of that often seen in field installations, could increase the pressure drop by a factor of four, while further compression could increase the pressure drop by factors close to ten. The results proved that the pressure drop correction factor for compressed ducts cannot be independent of the duct size, as suggested by ASHRAE Fundamentals, and therefore a new relationship was developed for better quantification of the pressure drop in flexible ducts. This study also suggests potential improvements to ASHRAE Standard 120-1999 and provides new data for duct design.

Abushakra, Bass; Walker, Iain S.; Sherman, Max H.

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Premix charge, compression ignition combustion system optimization...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Premix charge, compression ignition combustion system optimization Premix charge, compression ignition combustion system optimization Presentation given at DEER 2006, August 20-24,...

114

Friction between Ring Polymer Brushes  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Friction between ring-polymer brushes at melt densities sliding past each other are studied using extensive course-grained molecular dynamics simulations and scaling arguments, and the results are compared to the friction between linear-polymer brushes. We show that for a velocity range spanning over three decades, the frictional forces measured for ring-polymer brushes are half the corresponding friction in case of linear brushes. In the linear-force regime, the weak inter-digitation of two ring brushes compared to linear brushes also leads to a lower number of binary collisions between the monomers of opposing brushes. At high velocities, where the thickness of the inter-digitation layer between two opposing brushes is on the order monomer size regardless of brush topology, stretched segments of ring polymers take a double-stranded conformation. As a result, monomers of the double-stranded segments collide less with the monomers of the opposing ring brush even though a similar number of monomers occupies the inter-digitation layer for ring and linear-brush bilayers. The numerical data obtained from our simulations is consistent with the proposed scaling analysis. Conformation-dependent frictional reduction observed in ring brushes can have important consequences in non-equilibrium bulk systems.

A. Erbas; J. Paturej

2015-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

115

Advances in compressible turbulent mixing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This volume includes some recent additions to original material prepared for the Princeton International Workshop on the Physics of Compressible Turbulent Mixing, held in 1988. Workshop participants were asked to emphasize the physics of the compressible mixing process rather than measurement techniques or computational methods. Actual experimental results and their meaning were given precedence over discussions of new diagnostic developments. Theoretical interpretations and understanding were stressed rather than the exposition of new analytical model developments or advances in numerical procedures. By design, compressibility influences on turbulent mixing were discussed--almost exclusively--from the perspective of supersonic flow field studies. The papers are arranged in three topical categories: Foundations, Vortical Domination, and Strongly Coupled Compressibility. The Foundations category is a collection of seminal studies that connect current study in compressible turbulent mixing with compressible, high-speed turbulent flow research that almost vanished about two decades ago. A number of contributions are included on flow instability initiation, evolution, and transition between the states of unstable flow onset through those descriptive of fully developed turbulence. The Vortical Domination category includes theoretical and experimental studies of coherent structures, vortex pairing, vortex-dynamics-influenced pressure focusing. In the Strongly Coupled Compressibility category the organizers included the high-speed turbulent flow investigations in which the interaction of shock waves could be considered an important source for production of new turbulence or for the enhancement of pre-existing turbulence. Individual papers are processed separately.

Dannevik, W.P.; Buckingham, A.C.; Leith, C.E. [eds.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Best compression: Reciprocating or rotary?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A compressor is a device used to increase the pressure of a compressible fluid. The inlet pressure can vary from a deep vacuum to a high positive pressure. The discharge pressure can range from subatmospheric levels to tens of thousands of pounds per square inch. Compressors come in numerous forms, but for oilfield applications there are two primary types, reciprocating and rotary. Both reciprocating and rotary compressors are grouped in the intermittent mode of compression. Intermittent is cyclic in nature, in that a specific quantity of gas is ingested by the compressor, acted upon and discharged before the cycle is repeated. Reciprocating compression is the most common form of compression used for oilfield applications. Rotary screw compressors have a long history but are relative newcomers to oilfield applications. The rotary screw compressor-technically a helical rotor compressor-dates back to 1878. That was when the first rotary screw was manufactured for the purpose of compressing air. Today thousands of rotary screw compression packages are being used throughout the world to compress natural gas.

Cahill, C.

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Compressed Air 101: Getting Compressed Air to Work  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

plant energy use. Furthermore, air compression is inefficient with up to 95% of compressor power dissipated as heat. Thus even minor improvements in system operation, control strategies, and efficiency can yield large energy savings and significant non-energy...

Burke, J. J.; Bessey, E. G.

118

SPH compressible turbulence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this paper an SPH version of the alpha turbulence model devised by Holm and his colleagues is formulated for compressible flow with a resolution that varies in space and time. The alpha model involves two velocity fields. One velocity field is obtained from the momentum equation, the other by averaging this velocity field as in the version of SPH called XSPH. The particles (fluid elements) are moved with the averaged velocity. In analogy to the continuum alpha model we obtain a particle Lagrangian from which the SPH alpha equations can be derived. The system satisfies a discrete Kelvin circulation theorem identical to that obtained with no velocity averaging. In addition, the energy, linear and angular momentum are conserved. We show that the continuum equivalent of the SPH equations are identical to the continuum alpha model, and we conjecture that they will have the same desirable features of the continuum modelincluding the reduction of energy in the high wave number modes even when the dissipation is zero. Regardless of issues concerning turbulence modelling, the SPH alpha model is a powerful extension of the XSPH algorithm which reduces disorder at short length scales and retains the constants of the motion. The SPH alpha model is simple to implement.

J. J. Monaghan

2002-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

119

Compressed gas fuel storage system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A compressed gas vehicle fuel storage system comprised of a plurality of compressed gas pressure cells supported by shock-absorbing foam positioned within a shape-conforming container. The container is dimensioned relative to the compressed gas pressure cells whereby a radial air gap surrounds each compressed gas pressure cell. The radial air gap allows pressure-induced expansion of the pressure cells without resulting in the application of pressure to adjacent pressure cells or physical pressure to the container. The pressure cells are interconnected by a gas control assembly including a thermally activated pressure relief device, a manual safety shut-off valve, and means for connecting the fuel storage system to a vehicle power source and a refueling adapter. The gas control assembly is enclosed by a protective cover attached to the container. The system is attached to the vehicle with straps to enable the chassis to deform as intended in a high-speed collision.

Wozniak, John J. (Columbia, MD); Tiller, Dale B. (Lincoln, NE); Wienhold, Paul D. (Baltimore, MD); Hildebrand, Richard J. (Edgemere, MD)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Ring resonant cavities for spectroscopy  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Ring-shaped resonant cavities for spectroscopy allow a reduction in optical feedback to the light source, and provide information on the interaction of both s- and p-polarized light with samples. A laser light source is locked to a single cavity mode. An intracavity acousto-optic modulator may be used to couple light into the cavity. The cavity geometry is particularly useful for Cavity Ring-Down Spectroscopy (CRDS). 6 figs.

Zare, R.N.; Martin, J.; Paldus, B.A.; Xie, J.

1999-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ring compression testing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Rotordynamics of rub rings and bumpers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ior as a reti. 'rence to show how we)l the plastics perl'orm. 'I'hc test procediires done lor thiec dillerent radial cleat"?lees (s. 0 mils, 7. 5 inils and 10. 0 mils) I'or each inatcrial. 'I'he KR-4190 material appi:ared to hc the hest inaterial... Bode plot (no rub ring). 8 Basic rub interaction forces. 26 9 Shafi speed versus time foi RUN 24 (PI-200, c=fi 0 mils). . . 10 Iinpact amplitude versus shafi speed for RLIN 24 (PI-200, c=S 0 mils). , 31 I I Schematic for definition ol'variables. 34...

Sinclair, Steven Jeffery

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

SCADA Protocol Anomaly Detection Utilizing Compression (SPADUC) 2013  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

There is a significant need to protect the nation’s energy infrastructures from malicious actors using cyber methods. Supervisory, Control, and Data Acquisition (SCADA) systems may be vulnerable due to the insufficient security implemented during the design and deployment of these control systems. This is particularly true in older legacy SCADA systems that are still commonly in use. The purpose of INL’s research on the SCADA Protocol Anomaly Detection Utilizing Compression (SPADUC) project was to determine if and how data compression techniques could be used to identify and protect SCADA systems from cyber attacks. Initially, the concept was centered on how to train a compression algorithm to recognize normal control system traffic versus hostile network traffic. Because large portions of the TCP/IP message traffic (called packets) are repetitive, the concept of using compression techniques to differentiate “non-normal” traffic was proposed. In this manner, malicious SCADA traffic could be identified at the packet level prior to completing its payload. Previous research has shown that SCADA network traffic has traits desirable for compression analysis. This work investigated three different approaches to identify malicious SCADA network traffic using compression techniques. The preliminary analyses and results presented herein are clearly able to differentiate normal from malicious network traffic at the packet level at a very high confidence level for the conditions tested. Additionally, the master dictionary approach used in this research appears to initially provide a meaningful way to categorize and compare packets within a communication channel.

Gordon Rueff; Lyle Roybal; Denis Vollmer

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

The FBI compression standard for digitized fingerprint images  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The FBI has formulated national standards for digitization and compression of gray-scale fingerprint images. The compression algorithm for the digitized images is based on adaptive uniform scalar quantization of a discrete wavelet transform subband decomposition, a technique referred to as the wavelet/scalar quantization method. The algorithm produces archival-quality images at compression ratios of around 15 to 1 and will allow the current database of paper fingerprint cards to be replaced by digital imagery. A compliance testing program is also being implemented to ensure high standards of image quality and interchangeability of data between different implementations. We will review the current status of the FBI standard, including the compliance testing process and the details of the first-generation encoder.

Brislawn, C.M.; Bradley, J.N. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Onyshczak, R.J. [National Inst. of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD (United States); Hopper, T. [Federal Bureau of Investigation, Washington, DC (United States)

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Double acting stirling engine piston ring  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A piston ring design for a Stirling engine wherein the contact pressure between the piston and the cylinder is maintained at a uniform level, independent of engine conditions through a balancing of the pressure exerted upon the ring's surface and thereby allowing the contact pressure on the ring to be predetermined through the use of a preloaded expander ring.

Howarth, Roy B. (Clifton Park, NY)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

PERFORMANCE STUDY OF COMPRESSIVE SAMPLING FOR ECG SIGNAL COMPRESSION IN NOISY AND VARYING SPARSITY ACQUISITION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PERFORMANCE STUDY OF COMPRESSIVE SAMPLING FOR ECG SIGNAL COMPRESSION IN NOISY AND VARYING SPARSITY of compressive sam- pling (CS) for ECG compression in telecardiology, when the signal acquisition is noisy transform (TH-DWT), which is the best technique for real-time ECG compression. We show that CS is quite

Durrani, Salman

126

An Alternate Ring-Ring Design for eRHIC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

I present here a new ring-ring design of eRHIC, a polarized electron-ion collider based on RHIC at BNL. This alternate eRHIC design utilizes high repetition rate colliding beams and is likely able to deliver the performance to meet the requirements of the science program with low technical risk and modest accelerator R&D. The expected performance includes high luminosities over multiple collision points and a broad CM energy range with a maximum value up to 2x10^34 cm-2s-1 per detector, and polarization higher than 70% for the colliding electron and light ion beams. This new design calls for reuse of decommissioned facilities in the US, namely, the PEP-II high energy ring and one section of the SLAC warm linac as a full energy electron injector.

Zhang, Yuhong

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition Free Piston Linear Alternator  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An experimental and theoretical investigation of a homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) free piston powered linear alternator has been conducted to determine if improvements can be made in the thermal and conversion efficiencies of modern electrical generator systems. Performance of a free piston engine was investigated using a rapid compression expansion machine and a full cycle thermodynamic model. Linear alternator performance was investigated with a computer model. In addition linear alternator testing and permanent magnet characterization hardware were developed. The development of the two-stroke cycle scavenging process has begun.

Janson Wu; Nicholas Paradiso; Peter Van Blarigan; Scott Goldsborough

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Real-Time SCADA Cyber Protection Using Compression Techniques  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Department of Energy’s Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (DOE-OE) has a critical mission to secure the energy infrastructure from cyber attack. Through DOE-OE’s Cybersecurity for Energy Delivery Systems (CEDS) program, the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) has developed a method to detect malicious traffic on Supervisory, Control, and Data Acquisition (SCADA) network using a data compression technique. SCADA network traffic is often repetitive with only minor differences between packets. Research performed at the INL showed that SCADA network traffic has traits desirable for using compression analysis to identify abnormal network traffic. An open source implementation of a Lempel-Ziv-Welch (LZW) lossless data compression algorithm was used to compress and analyze surrogate SCADA traffic. Infected SCADA traffic was found to have statistically significant differences in compression when compared against normal SCADA traffic at the packet level. The initial analyses and results are clearly able to identify malicious network traffic from normal traffic at the packet level with a very high confidence level across multiple ports and traffic streams. Statistical differentiation between infected and normal traffic level was possible using a modified data compression technique at the 99% probability level for all data analyzed. However, the conditions tested were rather limited in scope and need to be expanded into more realistic simulations of hacking events using techniques and approaches that are better representative of a real-world attack on a SCADA system. Nonetheless, the use of compression techniques to identify malicious traffic on SCADA networks in real time appears to have significant merit for infrastructure protection.

Lyle G. Roybal; Gordon H Rueff

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Compressed Air Supply Efficiency  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

displacement control flow meter, Aerzna DN 65. Results from these tests are summarized and presented in the graph below: X Axis - % Full Scale 1. Eldridge 8240MPNH Y ? Axis - % Error 2. FCI ST 98 3. Sierra 640S-M8 4... compressor for trimming, the actual performance (CASE Index of 193), was way below that was expected. The results immediately indicated a need for a better sequencing control. In this case, the engineers in this plant set up a new controller with a PLC...

Joseph, B.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Cavity-locked ring down spectroscopy  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Distinct locking and sampling light beams are used in a cavity ring-down spectroscopy (CRDS) system to perform multiple ring-down measurements while the laser and ring-down cavity are continuously locked. The sampling and locking light beams have different frequencies, to ensure that the sampling and locking light are decoupled within the cavity. Preferably, the ring-down cavity is ring-shaped, the sampling light is s-polarized, and the locking light is p-polarized. Transmitted sampling light is used for ring-down measurements, while reflected locking light is used for locking in a Pound-Drever scheme.

Zare, Richard N. (Stanford, CA); Paldus, Barbara A. (Stanford, CA); Harb, Charles C. (Palo Alto, CA); Spence, Thomas (Union City, CA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Cryo-Compressed Hydrogen Storage: Performance and Cost Review...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Compressed Hydrogen Storage: Performance and Cost Review Cryo-Compressed Hydrogen Storage: Performance and Cost Review Presented at the R&D Strategies for Compressed,...

132

Effect of Compression Ratio and Piston Geometry on RCCI load...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Compression Ratio and Piston Geometry on RCCI load limit Effect of Compression Ratio and Piston Geometry on RCCI load limit Explores the effect of compression ratio and piston...

133

Mechanical compression attenuates normal human bronchial epithelial wound healing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Open Access Research Mechanical compression attenuatesto the application of mechanical compression in the presenceResults: We found that mechanical compression and scrape

Arold, Stephen P.; Malavia, Nikita; George, Steven C.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Predicting the compressive strength of concrete by spectral bandwidth analysis of nondestructive acoustic measurements  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with a hydraulic press according to the standard ASTM testing procedures and the compressive strength in pounds per square inch was recorded for each cylinder. This study ran the soundwaves through a set of nine Fast Fourier Transform Filters ranging...

Schneider, Hans Rainer

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Low Spring Index NiTi Coil Actuators for Use in Active Compression Garments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper describes the modeling, development, and testing of low spring index nickel titanium (NiTi) coil actuators designed for use in wearable compression garments, and presents a prototype tourniquet system using these ...

Holschuh, Bradley

136

Stabilizer Codes over Frobenius Rings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

now, the methods for quantum error correction were mainly based on quantum codes that rely on the arithmetic in finite fields. In contrast, this thesis aims to develop a basic framework for quantum error correcting codes over a class of rings known...

Nadella, Sushma

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

137

Helium/solid powder O-ring leakage correlation experiments  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We have developed a method to test powder leakage that has passed O-ring seals. To validate this method we have spiked a test fixture with 98 ng of U and recovered 130 +- 25 ng of U. We did not detect U at a detection limit of 26 ng in a fixture which was treated as a blank. This method has been applied to the leakage of UO/sub 2/ powder passing the type of EPDM O-ring seals used in a SNM shipping cask belonging to PNC. Considering the three experimental tests in which no or very small quantities of U were detected as effective blank test, it appears that the level of external contamination is negligible. Therefore, we believe that the U quantities greater than 26 ng (6 tests) passed the primary O-ring seal. From this limited quantity of data, we observe no apparent correlation between the amount of U measured and either helium leak rate or equivalent tube diameter. The data for the 130/sup 0/C tests indicate the possibility of a U/time relationship; however, more data are needed for verification.

Leisher, W.B.; Weissman, S.H.; Tallant, D.R.; Kubo, M.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Compressed Gas EHS-2200-WEB  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Compressed Gas Safety EHS-2200-WEB Register and launch through http://axess.stanford.edu Course title and STARS number: General Safety & Emergency Preparedness EHS-4200-WEB Chemical Safety for Laboratories EHS-1900-WEB Biosafety EHS-1500-WEB Radiation Safety Training EHS-5250 Laser Safety EHS-4820-WEB

139

Forecourt Storage and Compression Options  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

capital costs and maximize utilization NATURAL GAS & HYDROGEN FUELING STATION SIZING SOFTWARE Developed 510 520 530 540 Minutes Bank1 Bank2 Bank3 Cascade Banks Pressure Vs.Time (Hydrogen) #12;16 Compressor> Forecourt Storage and Compression Options DOE and FreedomCAR & Fuel Partnership Hydrogen Delivery

140

Technical Assessment: Cryo-Compressed Hydrogen Storage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Technical Assessment: Cryo-Compressed Hydrogen Storage for Vehicular Applications October 30, 2006 .....................................................................................................................................................................8 APPENDIX A: Review of Cryo-Compressed Hydrogen Storage Systems ......................................................................................18 APPENDIX C: Presentation to the FreedomCAR & Fuel Hydrogen Storage Technical Team

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ring compression testing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Compressed Gas Cylinder Safe Handling, Use and  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Compressed Gas Cylinder Safe Handling, Use and Storage 2012 Workplace Safety and Environmental Protection #12;i College/Unit: Workplace Safety and Environmental Protection Procedure Title: Compressed Gas................................................ 4 7 General Gas Cylinder Information

Saskatchewan, University of

142

Advanced Management of Compressed Air Systems  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

Find out how a compressed air system works and the benefits of optimal compressed air system performance. This training is designed to help end users as well as industry solution providers learn...

143

Compressed Air Energy Storage for Offshore  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

transmitting peak power levels. A solution to these issues is a novel high-efficiency compressed air energy

Perry Y. Li; Eric Loth; Terrence W. Simon; James D. Van De Ven; Stephen E. Crane

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Optical fiber having wave-guiding rings  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A waveguide includes a cladding region that has a refractive index that is substantially uniform and surrounds a wave-guiding region that has an average index that is close to the index of the cladding. The wave-guiding region also contains a thin ring or series of rings that have an index or indices that differ significantly from the index of the cladding. The ring or rings enable the structure to guide light.

Messerly, Michael J. (Danville, CA); Dawson, Jay W. (Livermore, CA); Beach, Raymond J. (Livermore, CA); Barty, Christopher P. J. (Hayward, CA)

2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

145

Outline Inverted File Building Compression for Inverted Files Building and Compression Techniques for Inverted  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Outline Inverted File Building Compression for Inverted Files Building and Compression Techniques for Inverted Files Roi Blanco Dpt. Computing Science, University of A Coruna December 13, 2005 Roi Blanco Building and Compression Techniques for Inverted Files #12;Outline Inverted File Building Compression

Barreiro, Alvaro

146

ADVANCED RECIPROCATING COMPRESSION TECHNOLOGY (ARCT)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. natural gas pipeline industry is facing the twin challenges of increased flexibility and capacity expansion. To meet these challenges, the industry requires improved choices in gas compression to address new construction and enhancement of the currently installed infrastructure. The current fleet of installed reciprocating compression is primarily slow-speed integral machines. Most new reciprocating compression is and will be large, high-speed separable units. The major challenges with the fleet of slow-speed integral machines are: limited flexibility and a large range in performance. In an attempt to increase flexibility, many operators are choosing to single-act cylinders, which are causing reduced reliability and integrity. While the best performing units in the fleet exhibit thermal efficiencies between 90% and 92%, the low performers are running down to 50% with the mean at about 80%. The major cause for this large disparity is due to installation losses in the pulsation control system. In the better performers, the losses are about evenly split between installation losses and valve losses. The major challenges for high-speed machines are: cylinder nozzle pulsations, mechanical vibrations due to cylinder stretch, short valve life, and low thermal performance. To shift nozzle pulsation to higher orders, nozzles are shortened, and to dampen the amplitudes, orifices are added. The shortened nozzles result in mechanical coupling with the cylinder, thereby, causing increased vibration due to the cylinder stretch mode. Valve life is even shorter than for slow speeds and can be on the order of a few months. The thermal efficiency is 10% to 15% lower than slow-speed equipment with the best performance in the 75% to 80% range. The goal of this advanced reciprocating compression program is to develop the technology for both high speed and low speed compression that will expand unit flexibility, increase thermal efficiency, and increase reliability and integrity. Retrofit technologies that address the challenges of slow-speed integral compression are: (1) optimum turndown using a combination of speed and clearance with single-acting operation as a last resort; (2) if single-acting is required, implement infinite length nozzles to address nozzle pulsation and tunable side branch absorbers for 1x lateral pulsations; and (3) advanced valves, either the semi-active plate valve or the passive rotary valve, to extend valve life to three years with half the pressure drop. This next generation of slow-speed compression should attain 95% efficiency, a three-year valve life, and expanded turndown. New equipment technologies that address the challenges of large-horsepower, high-speed compression are: (1) optimum turndown with unit speed; (2) tapered nozzles to effectively reduce nozzle pulsation with half the pressure drop and minimization of mechanical cylinder stretch induced vibrations; (3) tunable side branch absorber or higher-order filter bottle to address lateral piping pulsations over the entire extended speed range with minimal pressure drop; and (4) semi-active plate valves or passive rotary valves to extend valve life with half the pressure drop. This next generation of large-horsepower, high-speed compression should attain 90% efficiency, a two-year valve life, 50% turndown, and less than 0.75 IPS vibration. This program has generated proof-of-concept technologies with the potential to meet these ambitious goals. Full development of these identified technologies is underway. The GMRC has committed to pursue the most promising enabling technologies for their industry.

Danny M. Deffenbaugh; Klaus Brun; Ralph E. Harris; J. Pete Harrell; Robert J. Mckee; J. Jeffrey Moore; Steven J. Svedeman; Anthony J. Smalley; Eugene L. Broerman; Robert A Hart; Marybeth G. Nored; Ryan S. Gernentz; Shane P. Siebenaler

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Wavelength-tunable optical ring resonators  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Optical ring resonator devices are disclosed that can be used for optical filtering, modulation or switching, or for use as photodetectors or sensors. These devices can be formed as microdisk ring resonators, or as open-ring resonators with an optical waveguide having a width that varies adiabatically. Electrical and mechanical connections to the open-ring resonators are made near a maximum width of the optical waveguide to minimize losses and thereby provide a high resonator Q. The ring resonators can be tuned using an integral electrical heater, or an integral semiconductor junction.

Watts, Michael R. (Albuquerque, NM); Trotter, Douglas C. (Albuquerque, NM); Young, Ralph W. (Albuquerque, NM); Nielson, Gregory N. (Albuquerque, NM)

2009-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

148

Wavelength-tunable optical ring resonators  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Optical ring resonator devices are disclosed that can be used for optical filtering, modulation or switching, or for use as photodetectors or sensors. These devices can be formed as microdisk ring resonators, or as open-ring resonators with an optical waveguide having a width that varies adiabatically. Electrical and mechanical connections to the open-ring resonators are made near a maximum width of the optical waveguide to minimize losses and thereby provide a high resonator Q. The ring resonators can be tuned using an integral electrical heater, or an integral semiconductor junction.

Watts, Michael R. (Albuquerque, NM); Trotter, Douglas C. (Albuquerque, NM); Young, Ralph W. (Albuquerque, NM); Nielson, Gregory N. (Albuquerque, NM)

2011-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

149

H1616 supplemental compliance test report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Sandia National Laboratories designed the H1616 container for transport of Type B quantities of radioactive materials. During the most recent recertification cycle, questions were raised concerning the ability of drum type containers with locking rings to survive the hypothetical accident sequence when the puncture test was oriented to specifically attack the locking ring. A series of tests has been performed that conclusively demonstrates that the specially designed locking ring on the H1616 performs adequately in this environment.

Glass, R.E.

1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Compressed air energy storage system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An internal combustion reciprocating engine is operable as a compressor during slack demand periods utilizing excess power from a power grid to charge air into an air storage reservoir and as an expander during peak demand periods to feed power into the power grid utilizing air obtained from the air storage reservoir together with combustible fuel. Preferably the internal combustion reciprocating engine is operated at high pressure and a low pressure turbine and compressor are also employed for air compression and power generation.

Ahrens, Frederick W. (Naperville, IL); Kartsounes, George T. (Naperville, IL)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Chapter 22: Compressed Air Evaluation Protocol  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Compressed-air systems are used widely throughout industry for many operations, including pneumatic tools, packaging and automation equipment, conveyors, and other industrial process operations. Compressed-air systems are defined as a group of subsystems composed of air compressors, air treatment equipment, controls, piping, pneumatic tools, pneumatically powered machinery, and process applications using compressed air. A compressed-air system has three primary functional subsystems: supply, distribution, and demand. Air compressors are the primary energy consumers in a compressed-air system and are the primary focus of this protocol. The two compressed-air energy efficiency measures specifically addressed in this protocol are: high-efficiency/variable speed drive (VSD) compressor replacing modulating compressor; compressed-air leak survey and repairs. This protocol provides direction on how to reliably verify savings from these two measures using a consistent approach for each.

Benton, N.

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Weibull Effective Area for Hertzian Ring Crack Initiation Stress  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Spherical or Hertzian indentation is used to characterize and guide the development of engineered ceramics under consideration for diverse applications involving contact, wear, rolling fatigue, and impact. Ring crack initiation can be one important damage mechanism of Hertzian indentation. It is caused by sufficiently-high, surface-located, radial tensile stresses in an annular ring located adjacent to and outside of the Hertzian contact circle. While the maximum radial tensile stress is known to be dependent on the elastic properties of the sphere and target, the diameter of the sphere, the applied compressive force, and the coefficient of friction, the Weibull effective area too will be affected by those parameters. However, the estimations of a maximum radial tensile stress and Weibull effective area are difficult to obtain because the coefficient of friction during Hertzian indentation is complex, likely intractable, and not known a priori. Circumventing this, the Weibull effective area expressions are derived here for the two extremes that bracket all coefficients of friction; namely, (1) the classical, frictionless, Hertzian case where only complete slip occurs, and (2) the case where no slip occurs or where the coefficient of friction is infinite.

Jadaan, Osama M. [University of Wisconsin, Platteville; Wereszczak, Andrew A [ORNL; Johanns, Kurt E [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

EXPERIMENTS ON FORMING, COMPRESSING AND EXTRACTING ELECTRON RINGS FOR THE COLLECTIVE ACCELERATION OF IONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rev. Letters 16 (966) 265. J. W. Beal, R. J. Briggs, R. E.1970 (unpublished). J. W. Beal, N. C. Christofilos, and R.

Keefe, D.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

The Ring Imaging Cherenkov detector (RICH) of the AMS experiment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer (AMS) experiment to be installed on the International Space Station (ISS) will be equipped with a proximity focusing Ring Imaging Cherenkov (RICH) detector for measuring the electric charge and velocity of the charged cosmic particles. A RICH prototype consisting of 96 photomultiplier units, including a piece of the conical reflector, was built and its performance evaluated with ion beam data. Preliminary results of the in-beam tests performed with ion fragments resulting from collisions of a 158 GeV/c/nuc primary beam of Indium ions (CERN SPS) on a Pb target are reported. The collected data included tests to the final front-end electronics and to different aerogel radiators. Cherenkov rings for a large range of charged nuclei and with reflected photons were observed. The data analysis confirms the design goals. Charge separation up to Fe and velocity resolution of the order of 0.1% for singly charged particles are obtained.

F. Barao; M. Aguilar Benitez; J. Alcaraz; L. Arruda; A. Barrau; G. Barreira; E. Belmont; J. Berdugo; M. Brinet; M. Buenerd; D. Casadei; J. Casaus; E. Cortina; C. Delgado; C. Diaz; L. Derome; L. Eraud; R. J. Garcia-Lopez; L. Gallin-Martel; F. Giovacchini; P. Goncalves; E. Lanciotti; G. Laurenti; A. Malinine; C. Mana; J. Marin; G. Martinez; A. Menchaca-Rocha; M. Molla; C. Palomares; M. Panniello; R. Pereira; M. Pimenta; K. Protasov; E. Sanchez; E-S. Seo; N. Sevilla; A. Torrento; M. Vargas-Trevino; O. Veziant

2006-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

155

Universal penetration test apparatus with fluid penetration sensor  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A universal penetration test apparatus is described for measuring resistance of a material to a challenge fluid. The apparatus includes a pad saturated with the challenge fluid. The apparatus includes a compression assembly for compressing the material between the pad and a compression member. The apparatus also includes a sensor mechanism for automatically detecting when the challenge fluid penetrates the material. 23 figs.

Johnson, P.W.; Stampfer, J.F.; Bradley, O.D.

1999-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

156

Renewed experimentation with Ranchero flux compression genereators  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the late 1990s, Los Alamos pursued a coaxial flux compression generator (FCG) concept that was described in several publications under the name 'Ranchero.' These FCGs were designed to be cost effective high current generators, and a variety of configurations were tested. The Ranchero armature is a 152 mm diameter aluminum cylinder with a 6 mm thick wall. The high explosive (HE) is detonated simultaneously on axis, and as the armature expands a factor of two, the wall thins to {approx}3 mm. At the final 300 mm diameter, the circumference is over 900 mm, and this should allow currents to be generated in the 90 MA range. No tests significantly over 50 MA have been performed but an experiment is planned. We have recently begun using Ranchero devices for a new application and we continue to improve the design. In this paper we describe recent tests of Ranchero and its subsystems. The load for our new application is an imploding aluminum liner that would deform due to the magnetic pressure applied during the initial flux loading. It will, however, implode properly when powered only during the {approx}29 {micro}s Ranchero flux compression time. This gives rise to a new system with explOSively formed fuse (EFF) opening switches and an integral closing switch that isolates the load. A capacitor bank delivers 2.8 MA to the Ranchero circuit in {approx}85 {micro}s. During this time, four parallel 63.5 mm wide EFFs, external to the coaxial system, complete the circuit. After armature motion begins, insulation which initially isolates the load is severed, connecting the load to the FCG in parallel with the EFFs. External HE charges are initiated on each of the EFFs to produce a resistance rise timed to not precede closure of the load isolation switch. The EFFs achieve significant resistance, and the flux remaining in the 191 nH generator and 3 nH transmission line is compressed to generate 30.85 MA in a {approx}12.5 nH static load. On three tests, the EFF system has operated flawlessly, and only {approx}100kA is driven back into the EFFs during peak voltage of the generator output. A test incorporating a 19.5 nH dual liner dynamic load has also been completed, and these results are also presented. Ranchero generators have been operated with armatures from 43 cm to 1.4 m long, corresponding to initial inductances from 56 to 191 nH. MHD code modeling gives better agreement with experiments using modules 43 cm long than the 1.4 m modules, and these results will also be presented.

Goforth, James H [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Herrera, Dennis H [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Tasker, Douglas G [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Torres, David T [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Atchison, W. L. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Colgate, S. A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Griego, J. R. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Guzik, J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Holtkamp, D. B. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Idzorek, G. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Kaul, A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Kirkpatrick, R. C. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Menikoff, R. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Meyer, R. K. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Oona, H. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Reardon, P. T. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Reinovsky, R. E. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Rousculp, C. L. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sgro, A. G. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Tabaka, L. J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Watt, R. G. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Riesman, D. B. [LLNL

2010-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

157

STATUS OF THE NEUTRALIZED DRIFT COMPRESSION EXPERIMENT (NDCX-II)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Neutralized Drift Compression Experiment (NDCX-II) is an 11 M$ induction accelerator project currently in construction at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory for warm dense matter (WDM) experiments investigating the interaction of ion beams with matter at elevated temperature and pressure. The machine consists of a lithium injector, induction accelerator cells, diagnostic cells, a neutralized drift compression line, a final focus solenoid, and a target chamber. The induction cells and some of the pulsed power systems have been reused from the decommissioned Advanced Test Accelerator at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory after refurbishment and modification. The machine relies on a sequence of acceleration waveforms to longitudinally compress the initial ion pulse from 600 ns to less than 1 ns in {approx} 12 m. Radial confinement of the beam is achieved with 2.5 T pulsed solenoids. In the initial hardware configuration, 50 nC of Li{sup +} will be accelerated to 1.25 MeV and allowed to drift-compress to a peak current of {approx}40 A. The project started in the summer of 2009. Construction of the accelerator will be completed in the fall of 2011 and will provide a worldwide unique opportunity for ion-driven warm dense matter experiments as well as research related to novel beam manipulations for heavy ion fusion drivers.

Waldron, W.L.; Kwan, J.W.

2011-04-21T23:59:59.000Z

158

The pumping ring as a Stirling Engine rod seal  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The rod seal performs a demanding role in a Stirling cycle machine having to restrict both gas and oil leakage to minimal levels whilst operating at high pressures and sliding speeds. This paper describes the continuation of a development programme carried out at the Royal Naval Engineering College, Manadon as part of the UK. Stirling Engine Consortium. The results of tests using a back to back pumping ring configuration are presented.

Short, M.G.

1983-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Modules over principal ideal rings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

957 Na)or Sub]sot: Nathematics MODULES OVER PRINCIPAL IDEAL RINGS A Thesis Jules Bellin Vieaux Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman of Committee) (Head of Department r Student Advisor) August 1957 ACKNOWLEDGMENT I would like... to express my sincere appreciation to Dr. W. E. Koss and Dr. E. R. Keown for their aid and d. irection in the writing of this thesis. J ~ BE V TABLE OP CONTENTS Preface ~ ~ + ~ o ~ ~ ~ o ~ ~ oeooe ~ ~ ~ ~oo ~ a ~ oo ~ o ~ oo. o. . e 1 I. Principal...

Vieaux, Jules Bellin

1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

A Compressed Air Reduction Program  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A COMPRESSED AIR REDUCTION PROGRAM K. Dwight Hawks General Motors Corporation - Ruick-Oldsmobi1e-Cadillac Group Warren, Michigan ABSTRACT The reascn for implementing this program was to assist the plant in Quantifying some of its leaks... in the equipme~t throuqhout the plant and to provide direction as to which leaks are yenerat~ng high uti 1ity costs. The direction is very beneficial in lIlaking maintenance aware of prolill,Pls within equipment .IS \\Iell as notifying them as to whf're thei...

Hawks, K. D.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ring compression testing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

General Compression | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision has beenFfe2fb55-352f-473b-a2dd-50ae8b27f0a6TheoreticalFuelCellGemini Solar DevelopmentCompression Jump

162

Atomic effect algebras with compression bases  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Compression base effect algebras were recently introduced by Gudder [Demonstr. Math. 39, 43 (2006)]. They generalize sequential effect algebras [Rep. Math. Phys. 49, 87 (2002)] and compressible effect algebras [Rep. Math. Phys. 54, 93 (2004)]. The present paper focuses on atomic compression base effect algebras and the consequences of atoms being foci (so-called projections) of the compressions in the compression base. Part of our work generalizes results obtained in atomic sequential effect algebras by Tkadlec [Int. J. Theor. Phys. 47, 185 (2008)]. The notion of projection-atomicity is introduced and studied, and several conditions that force a compression base effect algebra or the set of its projections to be Boolean are found. Finally, we apply some of these results to sequential effect algebras and strengthen a previously established result concerning a sufficient condition for them to be Boolean.

Caragheorgheopol, Dan [Department of Mathematics and Informatics, Technical University of Civil Engineering in Bucharest, 124 Lacul Tei blv., RO-020396 and 'Ilie Murgulescu' Institute of Physical Chemistry, Romanian Academy, 202 Splaiul Independentei, 060021 Bucharest (Romania); Tkadlec, Josef [Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Czech Technical University in Prague, 166 27 Prague (Czech Republic)

2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

163

Industrial Compressed Air System Energy Efficiency Guidebook.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Energy efficient design, operation and maintenance of compressed air systems in industrial plants can provide substantial reductions in electric power and other operational costs. This guidebook will help identify cost effective, energy efficiency opportunities in compressed air system design, re-design, operation and maintenance. The guidebook provides: (1) a broad overview of industrial compressed air systems, (2) methods for estimating compressed air consumption and projected air savings, (3) a description of applicable, generic energy conservation measures, and, (4) a review of some compressed air system demonstration projects that have taken place over the last two years. The primary audience for this guidebook includes plant maintenance supervisors, plant engineers, plant managers and others interested in energy management of industrial compressed air systems.

United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Cooling system for three hook ring segment  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A triple hook ring segment including forward, midsection and aft mounting hooks for engagement with respective hangers formed on a ring segment carrier for supporting a ring segment panel, and defining a forward high pressure chamber and an aft low pressure chamber on opposing sides of the midsection mounting hook. An isolation plate is provided on the aft side of the midsection mounting hook to form an isolation chamber between the aft low pressure chamber and the ring segment panel. High pressure air is supplied to the forward chamber and flows to the isolation chamber through crossover passages in the midsection hook. The isolation chamber provides convection cooling air to an aft portion of the ring segment panel and enables a reduction of air pressure in the aft low pressure chamber to reduce leakage flow of cooling air from the ring segment.

Campbell, Christian X.; Eng, Darryl; Lee, Ching-Pang; Patat, Harry

2014-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

165

Eccentric crank variable compression ratio mechanism  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A variable compression ratio mechanism for an internal combustion engine that has an engine block and a crankshaft is disclosed. The variable compression ratio mechanism has a plurality of eccentric disks configured to support the crankshaft. Each of the plurality of eccentric disks has at least one cylindrical portion annularly surrounded by the engine block. The variable compression ratio mechanism also has at least one actuator configured to rotate the plurality of eccentric disks.

Lawrence, Keith Edward (Kobe, JP); Moser, William Elliott (Peoria, IL); Roozenboom, Stephan Donald (Washington, IL); Knox, Kevin Jay (Peoria, IL)

2008-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

166

Aging of Weapon Seals – An Update on Butyl O-ring Issues  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

During testing under the Enhanced Surveillance Campaign in 2001, preliminary data detected a previously unknown and potentially serious concern with recently procured butyl o-rings on several programs. All butyl o-rings molded from a proprietary formulation throughout the period circa 1999 through 2001 had less than a full cure. Engineering judgment was that under curing is detrimental and could possibly lead to sub-optimum performance or, in the worst case, premature seal failure. An aging study was undertaken to ensure that suspect o-rings installed in the stockpile will retain sufficient sealing force for a minimum ten-year service life. A new prediction model developed for this study indicates suspect o-rings do not need to be replaced before the ten-year service life. Long-term testing results are reported on a yearly basis to validate the prediction model. This report documents the aging results for the period September 2002 to January 2011.

Wilson, Mark H.

2011-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

167

EIGHTH INTERIM STATUS REPORT: MODEL 9975 PCV O-RING FIXTURE LONG-TERM LEAK PERFORMANCE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A series of experiments to monitor the aging performance of Viton® GLT O-rings used in the Model 9975 package has been ongoing since 2004 at the Savannah River National Laboratory. Seventy tests using mock-ups of 9975 Primary Containment Vessels (PCVs) were assembled and heated to temperatures ranging from 200 to 450 ºF. They were leak-tested initially and have been tested periodically to determine if they meet the criterion of leak-tightness defined in ANSI standard N14.5-97. Fourteen additional tests were initiated in 2008 with GLT-S O-rings heated to temperatures ranging from 200 to 400 ºF. High temperature aging continues for 23 GLT O-ring fixtures at 200 – 270 ºF. Room temperature leak test failures have been experienced in all of the GLT O-ring fixtures aging at 350 ºF and higher temperatures, and in 8 fixtures aging at 300 ºF. The remaining GLT O-ring fixtures aging at 300 ºF have been retired from testing following more than 5 years at temperature without failure. No failures have yet been observed in GLT O-ring fixtures aging at 200 ºF for 61 - 85 months, which is still bounding to O-ring temperatures during storage in KArea Complex (KAC). Based on expectations that the fixtures aging at 200 ºF will remain leaktight for a significant period yet to come, 2 additional fixtures began aging in 2011 at an intermediate temperature of 270 ºF, with hopes that they may reach a failure condition before the 200 ºF fixtures. High temperature aging continues for 6 GLT-S O-ring fixtures at 200 – 300 ºF. Room temperature leak test failures have been experienced in all 8 of the GLT-S O-ring fixtures aging at 350 and 400 ºF. No failures have yet been observed in GLT-S O-ring fixtures aging at 200 - 300 ºF for 41 - 45 months. Aging and periodic leak testing will continue for the remaining PCV fixtures.

Daugherty, W. L.

2013-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

168

The automorphisms of affine fusion rings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The fusion rings associated to affine Kac-Moody algebras appear in several different contexts in math and mathematical physics. In this paper we find all automorphisms of all affine fusion rings, or equivalently the symmetries of the corresponding fusion coefficients. Most of these are directly related to symmetries of the corresponding Coxeter-Dynkin diagram. We also find all pairs of isomorphic affine fusion rings.

T. Gannon

2000-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

169

CULTURAL RATCHETING RESULTS PRIMARILY FROM SEMANTIC COMPRESSION  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CULTURAL RATCHETING RESULTS PRIMARILY FROM SEMANTIC COMPRESSION JOANNA J. BRYSON Artificial Models that cultural ratcheting requires the communication of beliefs about #12;hypotheses. Clearly, cultural

Bryson, Joanna J.

170

Energy efficiency improvements in Chinese compressed airsystems  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Industrial compressed air systems use more than 9 percent ofall electricity used in China. Experience in China and elsewhere hasshown that these systems can be much more energy efficient when viewed asa whole system and rather than as isolated components.This paper presentsa summary and analysis of several compressed air system assessments.Through these assessments, typical compressed air management practices inChina are analyzed. Recommendations are made concerning immediate actionsthat China s enterprises can make to improve compressed air systemefficiency using best available technology and managementstrategies.

McKane, Aimee; Li, Li; Li, Yuqi; Taranto, T.

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Compressed Air Energy Storage Act (Kansas)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This act lays out regulations for the local authorities related to site selection, design, operation and monitoring for underground storage of compressed air.

172

High Efficiency Fuel Reactivity Controlled Compression Ignition...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

& Publications Effect of Compression Ratio and Piston Geometry on RCCI load limit Optimization of Advanced Diesel Engine Combustion Strategies Vehicle Technologies Office Merit...

173

Optimization Online - Compressed Sensing Off the Grid  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Sep 13, 2012 ... Compressed Sensing Off the Grid. Gongguo Tang(gtang5 ***at*** wisc.edu) Badri Narayan Bhaskar(bnbhaskar ***at*** wisc.edu) Parikshit ...

Gongguo Tang

2012-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

174

Mechanical support of a ceramic gas turbine vane ring  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An assembly for mounting a ceramic turbine vane ring onto a turbine support casing comprises a first metal clamping ring and a second metal clamping ring. The first metal clamping ring is configured to engage with a first side of a tab member of the ceramic turbine vane ring. The second metal clamping ring is configured to engage with a second side of the tab member such that the tab member is disposed between the first and second metal clamping rings.

Shi, Jun (Glastonbury, CT); Green, Kevin E. (Broad Brook, CT); Mosher, Daniel A. (Glastonbury, CT); Holowczak, John E. (South Windsor, CT); Reinhardt, Gregory E. (South Glastonbury, CT)

2010-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

175

Fusion Rings Related to Affine Weyl Groups  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The construction of the fusion ring of a quasi-rational CFT based on $\\hat{sl}(3)_k$ at generic level $k\

P. Furlan; V. B. Petkova

2000-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

176

Topological Matter, Integrable Models and Fusion Rings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We show how topological $G_k/G_k$ models can be embedded into the topological matter models that are obtained by perturbing the twisted $N=2$ supersymmetric, hermitian symmetric, coset models. In particular, this leads to an embedding of the fusion ring of $G$ as a sub-ring of the perturbed, chiral primary ring. The perturbation of the twisted $N=2$ model that leads to the fusion ring is also shown to lead to an integrable $N=2$ supersymmetric field theory when the untwisted $N=2$ superconformal field theory is perturbed by the same operator and its hermitian conjugate.

D. Nemeschansky; N. P. Warner

1991-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

177

Some results on embeddings of near rings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

REFERENCES VITA 14 LIST OF TABLES TABLE I. SUMS AND PRODUCTS IN R Page II. ELEMENTS OF U LISTED BY EQUIVALENCE CLASS III. IMAGES OF R IN U 10 12 CHAP TER I INTRODUCTION Definition 1. 1. A (left) near ring R is distribu- ~tivel generated (d. g... ideal in the ring with identity. Of the d. g. near rings exhibited in ~ 2] only 429 ot Section 2. 5 cannot be embedded by one of the techniques presented in [3]. The purpose of this thesis is to evhib- it an embedding of this near ring as a right...

McCracken, John David

1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Condenser for illuminating a ring field  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A series of segments of a parent aspheric mirror having one foci at a point source of radiation and the other foci at the radius of a ring field have all but one or all of their beams translated and rotated by sets of mirrors such that all of the beams pass through the real entrance pupil of a ring field camera about one of the beams and fall onto the ring field radius as a coincident image as an arc of the ring field. 5 figs.

Sweatt, W.C.

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Condenser for illuminating a ring field  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A series of segments of a parent aspheric mirror having one foci at at a si-point source of radiation and the other foci at the radius of a ring field have all but one or all of their beams translated and rotated by sets of mirrors such that all of the beams pass through the real entrance pupil of a ring field camera about one of the beams and fall onto the ring field radius as a coincident image as an arc of the ring field.

Sweatt, William C. (Albuquerque, NM)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Concrete Pour in NSLS-II Ring  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

The mezzanine floor of the ring building tunnel for NSLS-II was completed when the last concrete was placed in February 2011.

Bruno Semon

2013-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ring compression testing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Concentric ring flywheel with hooked ring carbon fiber separator/torque coupler  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A concentric ring flywheel with expandable separators, which function as torque couplers, between the rings to take up the gap formed between adjacent rings due to differential expansion between different radius rings during rotation of the flywheel. The expandable separators or torque couplers include a hook-like section at an upper end which is positioned over an inner ring and a shelf-like or flange section at a lower end onto which the next adjacent outer ring is positioned. As the concentric rings are rotated the gap formed by the differential expansion there between is partially taken up by the expandable separators or torque couplers to maintain torque and centering attachment of the concentric rings.

Kuklo, Thomas C. (Oakdale, CA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Concentric ring flywheel with hooked ring carbon fiber separator/torque coupler  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A concentric ring flywheel with expandable separators, which function as torque couplers, between the rings to take up the gap formed between adjacent rings due to differential expansion between different radius rings during rotation of the flywheel. The expandable separators or torque couplers include a hook-like section at an upper end which is positioned over an inner ring and a shelf-like or flange section at a lower end onto which the next adjacent outer ring is positioned. As the concentric rings are rotated the gap formed by the differential expansion there between is partially taken up by the expandable separators or torque couplers to maintain torque and centering attachment of the concentric rings. 2 figs.

Kuklo, T.C.

1999-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

183

A correlation of rock compressibility with temperature and pressure  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

reservoir rocks to higher temperatures. Tests were conducted on 17 specimens cut from 5 sandstone cores and 0 4 specimens cut from one limestone core at temperatures of 76 F, 0 0 0 200 F, 300 F, and 400 F and at pressures ranging from 100-14, 000 0 psi.... The net change in 0 0 pore volume from 100-14, 000 psi ranges between 4. 0 /o and 9. 6 /o 0 0 at room temperature and 5. 1 ? 14. 1 /o at 400 F. A definite trend was established between pore volume compressibility and porosity of the specimens tested...

Choudhary, Bijoy Kumar

1967-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

NOVEL CONCEPTS FOR THE COMPRESSION OF LARGE VOLUMES OF CARBON DIOXIDE – PHASE III  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the effort to reduce the release of CO2 greenhouse gases to the atmosphere, sequestration of CO2 from Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) and Oxy-Fuel power plants is being pursued. This approach, however, requires significant compression power to boost the pressure to typical pipeline levels. The penalty can be as high as 8-12% on a typical IGCC plant. The goal of this research is to reduce this penalty through novel compression concepts and integration with existing IGCC processes. The primary objective of the study of novel CO2 compression concepts is to reliably boost the pressure of CO2 to pipeline pressures with the minimal amount of energy required. Fundamental thermodynamics were studied to explore pressure rise in both liquid and gaseous states. For gaseous compression, the project investigated novel methods to compress CO2 while removing the heat of compression internal to the compressor. The highpressure ratio, due to the delivery pressure of the CO2 for enhanced oil recovery, results in significant heat of compression. Since less energy is required to boost the pressure of a cooler gas stream, both upstream and inter-stage cooling is desirable. While isothermal compression has been utilized in some services, it has not been optimized for the IGCC environment. Phase I of this project determined the optimum compressor configuration and developed technology concepts for internal heat removal. Other compression options using liquefied CO2 and cryogenic pumping were explored as well. Preliminary analysis indicated up to a 35% reduction in power is possible with the new concepts being considered. In the Phase II program, two experimental test rigs were developed to investigate the two concepts further. A new pump loop facility was constructed to qualify a cryogenic turbopump for use on liquid CO2. Also, an internally cooled compressor diaphragm was developed and tested in a closed loop compressor facility using CO2. Both test programs successfully demonstrated good performance and mechanical behavior. In Phase III, a pilot compression plant consisting of a multi-stage centrifugal compressor with cooled diaphragm technology has been designed, constructed, and tested. Comparative testing of adiabatic and cooled tests at equivalent inlet conditions shows that the cooled diaphragms reduce power consumption by 3-8% when the compressor is operated as a back-to-back unit and by up to 9% when operated as a straight-though compressor with no intercooler. The power savings, heat exchanger effectiveness, and temperature drops for the cooled diaphragm were all slightly higher than predicted values but showed the same trends.

Moore, J. Jeffrey; Allison, Timothy; Evans, Neal; Moreland, Brian; Hernandez, Augusto; Day, Meera; Ridens, Brandon

2014-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

185

A New Approach for Fingerprint Image Compression  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The FBI has been collecting fingerprint cards since 1924 and now has over 200 million of them. Digitized with 8 bits of grayscale resolution at 500 dots per inch, it means 2000 terabytes of information. Also, without any compression, transmitting a 10 Mb card over a 9600 baud connection will need 3 hours. Hence we need a compression and a compression as close to lossless as possible: all fingerprint details must be kept. A lossless compression usually do not give a better compression ratio than 2:1, which is not sufficient. Compressing these images with the JPEG standard leads to artefacts which appear even at low compression rates. Therefore the FBI has chosen in 1993 a scheme of compression based on a wavelet transform, followed by a scalar quantization and an entropy coding : the so-called WSQ. This scheme allows to achieve compression ratios of 20:1 without any perceptible loss of quality. The publication of the FBI specifies a decoder, which means that many parameters can be changed in the encoding process: the type of analysis/reconstruction filters, the way the bit allocation is made, the number of Huffman tables used for the entropy coding. The first encoder used 9/7 filters for the wavelet transform and did the bit allocation using a high-rate bit assumption. Since the transform is made into 64 subbands, quite a lot of bands receive only a few bits even at an archival quality compression rate of 0.75 bit/pixel. Thus, after a brief overview of the standard, we will discuss a new approach for the bit-allocation that seems to make more sense where theory is concerned. Then we will talk about some implementation aspects, particularly for the new entropy coder and the features that allow other applications than fingerprint image compression. Finally, we will compare the performances of the new encoder to those of the first encoder.

Mazieres, Bertrand

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Proton Storage Ring control system  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

When designing a control system for a new facility, one is faced with a bewildering array of electronic devices to use in the solution. There is, of course, no single correct solution because the constraints are Laboratory- and project-dependent. The major constraint applicable to the hardware choice for the Proton Storage Ring (PSR) control system was the limited manpower available for the design, development, and documentation of custom hardware. As a result, wherever possible, commercial components have been used that are based on recognized standards. The array of choice on the hardware side contrasts markedly with the absence of suitable commercial software products, and it is unfortunate that here there seems to be little prospect of change. The analysis of the overall system that follows will lead to a suitable hardware choice and a description of the software's structure. This paper is an overview, but more information is available.

Clout, P.; Bair, S.; Conley, A.; Ford, R.; Fuka, M.; Greene, N.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

On rings of structural numbers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

structural numbers over the set X, and let B(X) have the operations defined above with equality also as before. Theorem I. l. If X is any set, then B(X) is a commutative ring with identity. Proof. The structural number 0 is the additive identity element... with identity g. Definition I. 7. If A, B e S(X) then A'B = (P U q ( p e A, q e B, p Il q = &f and p U q can be formed in an odd number of ways). ~E1 t. 4. L t A = (( . b), (bj. 7 )) 4 B = ((b, c), (b), (a)) be in S(X) for some X. Then AD B = {{b, a), {a...

Powell, Wayne Bruce

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

188

Defect Analysis of Vehicle Compressed Natural Gas  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Defect Analysis of Vehicle Compressed Natural Gas Composite Cylinder A China Paper on Type 4;Industrial Computed Tomography (CT) Examination of Composite Gas Cylinder #12;CT of 01-01 Layer at 4.8MPa during the gas compressing and releasing processes are the direct causes for liner defect - Since

189

FRACTAL APPROXIMATION AND COMPRESSION USING PROJECTED IFS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

FRACTAL APPROXIMATION AND COMPRESSION USING PROJECTED IFS �ric Guérin, �ric Tosan and Atilla, or images) with fractal models is an important center of interest for research. The general inverse problem.The most known of them is the fractal image compression method introduced by Jacquin. Generally speaking

Baskurt, Atilla

190

Compressible fluid model for hydrodynamic lubrication cavitation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Compressible fluid model for hydrodynamic lubrication cavitation G. Bayada L. Chupin I.C.J. UMR.chupin@math.univ-bpclermont.fr Keywords: cavitation, compressible Reynolds equation Date: april 2013 Summary In this paper, it is shown how vaporous cavitation in lubricant films can be modelled in a physically justified manner through

Sart, Remi

191

Compression molding of aerogel microspheres  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An aerogel composite material produced by compression molding of aerogel microspheres (powders) mixed together with a small percentage of polymer binder to form monolithic shapes in a cost-effective manner. The aerogel composites are formed by mixing aerogel microspheres with a polymer binder, placing the mixture in a mold and heating under pressure, which results in a composite with a density of 50-800 kg/m.sup.3 (0.05-0.80 g/cc). The thermal conductivity of the thus formed aerogel composite is below that of air, but higher than the thermal conductivity of monolithic aerogels. The resulting aerogel composites are attractive for applications such as thermal insulation since fabrication thereof does not require large and expensive processing equipment. In addition to thermal insulation, the aerogel composites may be utilized for filtration, ICF target, double layer capacitors, and capacitive deionization.

Pekala, Richard W. (Pleasant Hill, CA); Hrubesh, Lawrence W. (Pleasanton, CA)

1998-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

192

Compression molding of aerogel microspheres  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An aerogel composite material produced by compression molding of aerogel microspheres (powders) mixed together with a small percentage of polymer binder to form monolithic shapes in a cost-effective manner is disclosed. The aerogel composites are formed by mixing aerogel microspheres with a polymer binder, placing the mixture in a mold and heating under pressure, which results in a composite with a density of 50--800 kg/m{sup 3} (0.05--0.80 g/cc). The thermal conductivity of the thus formed aerogel composite is below that of air, but higher than the thermal conductivity of monolithic aerogels. The resulting aerogel composites are attractive for applications such as thermal insulation since fabrication thereof does not require large and expensive processing equipment. In addition to thermal insulation, the aerogel composites may be utilized for filtration, ICF target, double layer capacitors, and capacitive deionization. 4 figs.

Pekala, R.W.; Hrubesh, L.W.

1998-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

193

Quantum Data Compression of a Qubit Ensemble  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Data compression is a ubiquitous aspect of modern information technology, and the advent of quantum information raises the question of what types of compression are feasible for quantum data, where it is especially relevant given the extreme difficulty involved in creating reliable quantum memories. We present a protocol in which an ensemble of quantum bits (qubits) can in principle be perfectly compressed into exponentially fewer qubits. We then experimentally implement our algorithm, compressing three photonic qubits into two. This protocol sheds light on the subtle differences between quantum and classical information. Furthermore, since data compression stores all of the available information about the quantum state in fewer physical qubits, it could provide a vast reduction in the amount of quantum memory required to store a quantum ensemble, making even today's limited quantum memories far more powerful than previously recognized.

Lee A. Rozema; Dylan H. Mahler; Alex Hayat; Peter S. Turner; Aephraim M. Steinberg

2014-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

194

Secure Compressed Reading in Smart Grids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Smart Grids measure energy usage in real-time and tailor supply and delivery accordingly, in order to improve power transmission and distribution. For the grids to operate effectively, it is critical to collect readings from massively-installed smart meters to control centers in an efficient and secure manner. In this paper, we propose a secure compressed reading scheme to address this critical issue. We observe that our collected real-world meter data express strong temporal correlations, indicating they are sparse in certain domains. We adopt Compressed Sensing technique to exploit this sparsity and design an efficient meter data transmission scheme. Our scheme achieves substantial efficiency offered by compressed sensing, without the need to know beforehand in which domain the meter data are sparse. This is in contrast to traditional compressed-sensing based scheme where such sparse-domain information is required a priori. We then design specific dependable scheme to work with our compressed sensing based ...

Cai, Sheng; Chen, Minghua; Yan, Jianxin; Jaggi, Sidharth

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Bernstein instability driven by thermal ring distribution  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The classic Bernstein waves may be intimately related to banded emissions detected in laboratory plasmas, terrestrial, and other planetary magnetospheres. However, the customary discussion of the Bernstein wave is based upon isotropic thermal velocity distribution function. In order to understand how such waves can be excited, one needs an emission mechanism, i.e., an instability. In non-relativistic collision-less plasmas, the only known Bernstein wave instability is that associated with a cold perpendicular velocity ring distribution function. However, cold ring distribution is highly idealized. The present Brief Communication generalizes the cold ring distribution model to include thermal spread, so that the Bernstein-ring instability is described by a more realistic electron distribution function, with which the stabilization by thermal spread associated with the ring distribution is demonstrated. The present findings imply that the excitation of Bernstein waves requires a sufficiently high perpendicular velocity gradient associated with the electron distribution function.

Yoon, Peter H., E-mail: yoonp@umd.edu [Institute for Physical Science and Technology, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742 (United States); School of Space Research, Kyung Hee University, Yongin-Si, Gyeonggi-Do 446-701 (Korea, Republic of); Hadi, Fazal; Qamar, Anisa [Institute of Physics and Electronics, University of Peshawar, Peshawar 25000 (Pakistan)

2014-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

196

Design and characterization of a low cost dual differential proving ring force sensor utilizing Hall-effect sensors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A novel dual differential hall-effect based proving ring force sensor has been designed, manufactured, and tested. Strain gauge based force sensors are among the most common methods of measuring static and dynamic forces, ...

Rivest, Christopher W. (Christopher Warren)

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Diesol: an alternative fuel for compression ignition engines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Physical properties including specific gravity, kinematic viscosity, heat of combustion, flash point, cetane number and distillation curves are presented for several blends of No. 2 diesel fuel and soybean oil. The mixture is referred to as Diesol. The soybean oil received a minimal amount of refining by water-washing to remove most of the lecithin type gums. The Diesol fuels were tested in a Cooperative Fuel Research single cylinder diesel test engine to determine the short time engine performance using soybean oil as a diesel fuel extender. Brake specific fuel consumption, volumetric fuel consumption, exhaust smoke opacity and power were determined. Various blends of Diesol were also tested in a multicylinder diesel commercial power system. Results are presented to show the comparison between Diesol blends and diesel fuel. The fuel properties and engine performance test results indicate that soybean oil would be a viable extender of diesel fuel for compression-ignition engines.

Cochran, B.J.; Baldwin, J.D.C.; Daniel, L.R. Jr.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Open Issues in the Development of Safety Standards for Compressed...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Issues in the Development of Safety Standards for Compressed Hydrogen Storage at SAE-International Open Issues in the Development of Safety Standards for Compressed Hydrogen...

199

Research and Development Strategies for Compressed & Cryo-Hydrogen...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Strategies for Compressed & Cryo-Hydrogen Storage Systems - Workshop Summary Report Research and Development Strategies for Compressed & Cryo-Hydrogen Storage Systems - Workshop...

200

2013 Hydrogen Compression, Storage, and Dispensing Cost Reduction...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Hydrogen Compression, Storage, and Dispensing Cost Reduction Workshop Final Report 2013 Hydrogen Compression, Storage, and Dispensing Cost Reduction Workshop Final Report...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ring compression testing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Technical Assessment of Compressed Hydrogen Storage Tank Systems...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Compressed Hydrogen Storage Tank Systems for Automotive Applications Technical Assessment of Compressed Hydrogen Storage Tank Systems for Automotive Applications Technical report...

202

Evaluation of the Compressed Air Challenge Training Program:...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Executive Summary Evaluation of the Compressed Air Challenge Training Program: Executive Summary This is the executive summary of a report on an evaluation of the Compressed Air...

203

Evaluation of the Compressed Air Challenge Training Program:...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Final Report Evaluation of the Compressed Air Challenge Training Program: Final Report This is the final report on an evaluation of the Compressed Air Challenge (CAC) training...

204

Workshop Agenda: Compressed Natural Gas and Hydrogen Fuels, Lesssons...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Workshop Agenda: Compressed Natural Gas and Hydrogen Fuels, Lesssons Learned for the Safe Deployment of Vehicles Workshop Agenda: Compressed Natural Gas and Hydrogen Fuels,...

205

Regulated Emissions from Diesel and Compressed Natural Gas Transit...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Emissions from Diesel and Compressed Natural Gas Transit Buses Regulated Emissions from Diesel and Compressed Natural Gas Transit Buses Poster presentaiton at the 2007 Diesel...

206

NJ Compressed Natural Gas Refuse Trucks, Shuttle Buses and Infrastruct...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

NJ Compressed Natural Gas Refuse Trucks, Shuttle Buses and Infrastructure NJ Compressed Natural Gas Refuse Trucks, Shuttle Buses and Infrastructure 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells...

207

Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: High Compression...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

High Compression Ratio Turbo Gasoline Engine Operation Using Alcohol Enhancement Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: High Compression Ratio Turbo Gasoline Engine...

208

Characterization of Dual-Fuel Reactivity Controlled Compression...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Dual-Fuel Reactivity Controlled Compression Ignition (RCCI) Using Hydrated Ethanol and Diesel Fuel Characterization of Dual-Fuel Reactivity Controlled Compression Ignition (RCCI)...

209

Pdc - The Worldwide Leader in Hydrogen Refueling Station Compression...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Pdc - The Worldwide Leader in Hydrogen Refueling Station Compression Pdc - The Worldwide Leader in Hydrogen Refueling Station Compression This presentation by Matther Weaver of Pdc...

210

Two-Stage Variable Compression Ratio (VCR) System to Increase...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Two-Stage Variable Compression Ratio (VCR) System to Increase Efficiency in Gasoline Powertrains Two-Stage Variable Compression Ratio (VCR) System to Increase Efficiency in...

211

High Fidelity Modeling of Premixed Charge Compression Ignition...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

High Fidelity Modeling of Premixed Charge Compression Ignition Engines High Fidelity Modeling of Premixed Charge Compression Ignition Engines Most accurate and detailed chemical...

212

High-Efficiency Clean Combustion Design for Compression Ignition...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

High-Efficiency Clean Combustion Design for Compression Ignition Engines High-Efficiency Clean Combustion Design for Compression Ignition Engines Presentation given at DEER 2006,...

213

New Methodologies for Analysis of Premixed Charge Compression...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

New Methodologies for Analysis of Premixed Charge Compression Ignition Engines New Methodologies for Analysis of Premixed Charge Compression Ignition Engines Presentation given at...

214

High-Efficiency Clean Combustion Engine Designs for Compression...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

High-Efficiency Clean Combustion Engine Designs for Compression Ignition Engines High-Efficiency Clean Combustion Engine Designs for Compression Ignition Engines Presentation from...

215

Electronically tunable active antenna using microstrip annular ring  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

device was placed into the ring and the antenna characteristics were found and compared to the conventional ring. A varactor diode was also used to electronically tune the ring. Finally, two Gunn diodes were placed into a. single annular ring.... The active annular ring antenna exhibited 70% efEciency in power generation when compared to the Gunn diode in an optimized waveguide. The annular ring antenna, displayed a. poor power radiation pattern. TABLE OF CONTENTS CHAPTER Ps. ge I INTRODUCTION...

Miller, Richard Earl

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

216

Ring polymers in crowded environment: conformational properties  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We analyze the universal size characteristics of flexible ring polymers in solutions in presence of structural obstacles (impurities) in d dimensions. One encounters such situations when considering polymers in gels, colloidal solutions, intra- and extracellular environments. A special case of extended impurities correlated on large distances r according to a power law \\sim r^{-a} is considered. Applying the direct polymer renormalization scheme, we evaluate the estimates for averaged gyration radius $\\langle R_{g\\,{\\rm ring}} \\rangle$ and spanning radius $\\langle R_{1/2\\,{\\rm ring}} \\rangle$ of typical ring polymer conformation up to the first order of double \\varepsilon=4-d, \\delta=4-a expansion. Our results quantitatively reveal an extent of the effective size and anisotropy of closed ring macromolecules in disordered environment. In particular, the size ratio of ring and open (linear) polymers of the same molecular weight grows when increasing the strength of disorder according to $\\langle R^2_{g\\,{\\rm ring}} \\rangle / \\langle R^2_{g\\,{\\rm chain}} \\rangle =\\frac{1}{2} \\left(1+\\frac{13}{48}\\delta \\right)$.

K. Haydukivska; V. Blavatska

2014-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

217

Wedding ring shaped excitation coil  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A high frequency inductively coupled electrodeless lamp includes an excitation coil with an effective electrical length which is less than one half wavelength of a driving frequency applied thereto, preferably much less. The driving frequency may be greater than 100 MHz and is preferably as high as 915 MHz. Preferably, the excitation coil is configured as a non-helical, semi-cylindrical conductive surface having less than one turn, in the general shape of a wedding ring. At high frequencies, the current in the coil forms two loops which are spaced apart and parallel to each other. Configured appropriately, the coil approximates a Helmholtz configuration. The lamp preferably utilizes an bulb encased in a reflective ceramic cup with a pre-formed aperture defined therethrough. The ceramic cup may include structural features to aid in alignment and/or a flanged face to aid in thermal management. The lamp head is preferably an integrated lamp head comprising a metal matrix composite surrounding an insulating ceramic with the excitation integrally formed on the ceramic. A novel solid-state oscillator preferably provides RF power to the lamp. The oscillator is a single active element device capable of providing over 70 watts of power at over 70% efficiency.

MacLennan, Donald A. (Gaithersburg, MD); Tsai, Peter (Olney, MD)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

A model of ATL ground motion for storage rings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A MODEL OF ATL GROUND MOTION FOR STORAGE RINGS A. WolskiMODEL OF ATL GROUND MOTION FOR STORAGE RINGS* A. Wolski # ,

Wolski, Andrzej; Walker, Nicholas J.

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Compressed Gas Safety for Experimental Fusion Facilities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Experimental fusion facilities present a variety of hazards to the operators and staff. There are unique or specialized hazards, including magnetic fields, cryogens, radio frequency emissions, and vacuum reservoirs. There are also more general industrial hazards, such as a wide variety of electrical power, pressurized air and cooling water systems in use, there are crane and hoist loads, working at height, and handling compressed gas cylinders. This paper outlines the projectile hazard associated with compressed gas cylinders and methods of treatment to provide for compressed gas safety. This information should be of interest to personnel at both magnetic and inertial fusion experiments.

Cadwallader, L.C. [Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (United States)

2005-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

220

Compressed Gas Safety for Experimental Fusion Facilities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Experimental fusion facilities present a variety of hazards to the operators and staff. There are unique or specialized hazards, including magnetic fields, cryogens, radio frequency emissions, and vacuum reservoirs. There are also more general industrial hazards, such as a wide variety of electrical power, pressurized air, and cooling water systems in use, there are crane and hoist loads, working at height, and handling compressed gas cylinders. This paper outlines the projectile hazard assoicated with compressed gas cylinders and mthods of treatment to provide for compressed gas safety. This information should be of interest to personnel at both magnetic and inertial fusion experiments.

Lee C. Cadwallader

2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ring compression testing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Molecular Model of the Contractile Ring  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a model for the actin contractile ring of adherent animal cells. The model suggests that the actin concentration within the ring and consequently the power that the ring exerts both increase during contraction. We demonstrate the crucial role of actin polymerization and depolymerization throughout cytokinesis, and the dominance of viscous dissipation in the dynamics. The physical origin of two phases in cytokinesis dynamics ("biphasic cytokinesis") follows from a limitation on the actin density. The model is consistent with a wide range of measurements of the midzone of dividing animal cells.

D. Biron; E. Alvarez-Lacalle; Tsvi Tlusty; Elisha Moses

2010-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

222

Adjustable expandable cryogenic piston and ring  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The operation of a reciprocating expansion engine for cryogenic refrigeration is improved by changing the pistons and rings so that the piston can be operated from outside the engine to vary the groove in which the piston ring is located. This causes the ring, which is of a flexible material, to be squeezed so that its contact with the wall is subject to external control. This control may be made manually or it may be made automatically in response to instruments that sense the amount of blow-by of the cryogenic fluid and adjust for an optimum blow-by.

Mazur, Peter O. (Aurora, IL); Pallaver, Carl B. (Woodridge, IL)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Wind turbine ring/shroud drive system  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A wind turbine capable of driving multiple electric generators having a ring or shroud structure for reducing blade root bending moments, hub loads, blade fastener loads and pitch bearing loads. The shroud may further incorporate a ring gear for driving an electric generator. In one embodiment, the electric generator may be cantilevered from the nacelle such that the gear on the generator drive shaft is contacted by the ring gear of the shroud. The shroud also provides protection for the gearing and aids in preventing gear lubricant contamination.

Blakemore, Ralph W.

2005-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

224

PHELIX for flux compression studies  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

PHELIX (Precision High Energy-density Liner Implosion eXperiment) is a concept for studying electromagnetic implosions using proton radiography. This approach requires a portable pulsed power and liner implosion apparatus that can be operated in conjunction with an 800 MeV proton beam at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center. The high resolution (< 100 micron) provided by proton radiography combined with similar precision of liner implosions driven electromagnetically can permit close comparisons of multi-frame experimental data and numerical simulations within a single dynamic event. To achieve a portable implosion system for use at high energy-density in a proton laboratory area requires sub-megajoule energies applied to implosions only a few cms in radial and axial dimension. The associated inductance changes are therefore relatively modest, so a current step-up transformer arrangement is employed to avoid excessive loss to parasitic inductances that are relatively large for low-energy banks comprising only several capacitors and switches. We describe the design, construction and operation of the PHELIX system and discuss application to liner-driven, magnetic flux compression experiments. For the latter, the ability of strong magnetic fields to deflect the proton beam may offer a novel technique for measurement of field distributions near perturbed surfaces.

Turchi, Peter J [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Rousculp, Christopher L [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Reinovsky, Robert E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Reass, William A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Griego, Jeffrey R [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Oro, David M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Merrill, Frank E [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

225

TECHNOLOGIES TO ENHANCE OPERATION OF THE EXISTING NATURAL GAS COMPRESSION INFRASTRUCTURE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents work performed in the fourth quarter of the project entitled: ''Technologies to Enhance Operation of the Existing Natural Gas Compression Infrastructure''. The project objective is to develop and substantiate methods for operating integral engine/compressors in gas pipeline service, which reduce fuel consumption, increase capacity, and enhance mechanical integrity. The report describes the following work: second field test; test data analysis for the first field test; operational optimization plans.

Anthony J. Smalley; Ralph E. Harris; Gary D. Bourn

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Seneca Compressed Air Energy Storage (CAES) Project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This document provides specifications for the process air compressor for a compressed air storage project, requests a budgetary quote, and provides supporting information, including compressor data, site specific data, water analysis, and Seneca CAES value drivers.

None

2012-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

227

Compressing Propositional Refutations Using Subsumption Hasan Amjad  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Compressing Propositional Refutations Using Subsumption Hasan Amjad University of Cambridge Computer Laboratory 15 J J Thomson Avenue, Cambridge CB3 0FD, UK Hasan.Amjad@cl.cam.ac.uk Abstract We

Miller, Alice

228

Compressive Sensing Based High Resolution Channel Estimation ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

carefully design its encoding and decoding steps. They cor- .... present this process by ...... [34] J. Paredes, G.Arce, and Z. Wang, “Ultra-wideband compressed sensing: ... actions on Information Theory, vol.51, no.12, p.p. 4203–

2011-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

229

Compressed Air Load Reduction Approaches and Innovations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are assessed. It is a common practice in facilities to simply add compressor capacity when faced with supply pressure or volume deficiencies, increasing the energy consumption associated with compressed air systems in industry. Additionally, in recent years...

D'Antonio, M.; Epstein, G.; Moray, S.; Schmidt, C.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Method for compression of binary data  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The disclosed method for compression of a series of data bytes, based on LZSS-based compression methods, provides faster decompression of the stored data. The method involves the creation of a flag bit buffer in a random access memory device for temporary storage of flag bits generated during normal LZSS-based compression. The flag bit buffer stores the flag bits separately from their corresponding pointers and uncompressed data bytes until all input data has been read. Then, the flag bits are appended to the compressed output stream of data. Decompression can be performed much faster because bit manipulation is only required when reading the flag bits and not when reading uncompressed data bytes and pointers. Uncompressed data is read using byte length instructions and pointers are read using word instructions, thus reducing the time required for decompression. 5 figs.

Berlin, G.J.

1996-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

231

Understanding the Basics of Compressed Air Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, contaminated filters, conversion to electrically operated hoists, and the use of centrifugal fans or compressed air with pressure regulators to purge control cabinets. Finally, a review of compressor technologies with typical cfm, pressure ranges, and price...

Herron, D. J.

232

A novel method for identifying exoplanetary rings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The discovery of rings around extrasolar planets ("exorings") is one of the next breakthroughs in exoplanetary research. Previous studies have explored the feasibility of detecting exorings with present and future photometric sensitivities by seeking anomalous deviations in the residuals of a standard transit light curve fit, at the level of ~100 ppm for Kronian rings. In this work, we explore two much larger observational consequences of exorings: (1) the significant increase in transit depth that may lead to misclassification of ringed planetary candidates as false-positives and/or the underestimation of planetary density; and (2) the so-called "photo-ring" effect, a new asterodensity profiling effect, revealed by a comparison of the light curve derived stellar density to that measured with independent methods (e.g. asteroseismology). Whilst these methods do not provide an unambiguous discovery of exorings, we show that the large amplitude of these effects combined with their relatively simple analytic desc...

Zuluaga, Jorge I; Sucerquia, Mario; Alvarado, Jaime A

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Low thermal expansion seal ring support  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Today, the trend is to increase the temperature of operation of gas turbine engines. To cool the components with compressor discharge air, robs air which could otherwise be used for combustion and creates a less efficient gas turbine engine. The present low thermal expansion sealing ring support system reduces the quantity of cooling air required while maintaining life and longevity of the components. Additionally, the low thermal expansion sealing ring reduces the clearance "C","C'" demanded between the interface between the sealing surface and the tip of the plurality of turbine blades. The sealing ring is supported by a plurality of support members in a manner in which the sealing ring and the plurality of support members independently expand and contract relative to each other and to other gas turbine engine components.

Dewis, David W. (San Diego, CA); Glezer, Boris (Del Mar, CA)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Dark matter axions and caustic rings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report contains discussions on the following topics: the strong CP problem; dark matter axions; the cavity detector of galactic halo axions; and caustic rings in the density distribution of cold dark matter halos.

Sikivie, P.

1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Notes 11. High pressure floating ring seals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Floating ring seals for compressors: leakage and force coefficients, seal lock up and effect on rotor stability, recommendations to reduce seal cross-coupled effects. Long oil seals as pressure barriers in industrial mixers: leakage and force...

San Andres, Luis

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Lossy compression of weak lensing data  

DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

Future orbiting observatories will survey large areas of sky in order to constrain the physics of dark matter and dark energy using weak gravitational lensing and other methods. Lossy compression of the resultant data will improve the cost and feasibility of transmitting the images through the space communication network. We evaluate the consequences of the lossy compression algorithm of Bernstein et al. (2010) for the high-precision measurement of weak-lensing galaxy ellipticities. This square-root algorithm compresses each pixel independently, and the information discarded is by construction less than the Poisson error from photon shot noise. For simulated space-based images (without cosmic rays) digitized to the typical 16 bits per pixel, application of the lossy compression followed by image-wise lossless compression yields images with only 2.4 bits per pixel, a factor of 6.7 compression. We demonstrate that this compression introduces no bias in the sky background. The compression introduces a small amount of additional digitization noise to the images, and we demonstrate a corresponding small increase in ellipticity measurement noise. The ellipticity measurement method is biased by the addition of noise, so the additional digitization noise is expected to induce a multiplicative bias on the galaxies measured ellipticities. After correcting for this known noise-induced bias, we find a residual multiplicative ellipticity bias of m {approx} -4 x 10{sup -4}. This bias is small when compared to the many other issues that precision weak lensing surveys must confront, and furthermore we expect it to be reduced further with better calibration of ellipticity measurement methods.

Vanderveld, R Ali [Chicago U., EFI; Caltech /Caltech, JPL; Bernstein, Gary M [Pennsylvania U.; Stoughton, Chris [Fermilab; Rhodes, Jason [Caltech; Caltech, JPL; Massey, Richard [Royal Observ., Edinburgh; Dobke, Benjamin M [Caltech; Caltech, JPL

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Compressed Air Systems Audits - Why? And How?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

% of the compressed air costs, most with little or no capital investment. Almost always, in the event of a capital outlay, energy savings alone afford less than one-year payback. Many energy utility companies energetically support these efforts, and some.... Secondly, join us in the definition of compressed air as a system, the totality of which is comprised of the Supply Side and the Demand Side. The Supply Side is the compressors and their controls, receivers (primary storage tanks), aftercoolers, filters...

Kemp, H. L.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

The endomorphism near ring on D?  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

THE FNDOMORPHISM NEAR RING ON Dg A Thesis by Fdgar Raymond Guthrie Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTFR OF SCIENCE ~A 1969 (Month) (Year) Major... Subject: Mathematics THE ENDOMORPHISM NEAR RING ON Dg A Thesis by Edgar Raymond Guthrie Approved as to style and content by: (Cha' of Committee) (YAead of Department) (Member) (Member) (Member) (Member) ~AA 1969 (Month) (Year) ABSTRACT...

Guthrie, Edgar Raymond

1969-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

UNDERSTANDING THE EFFECTS OF COMPRESSION AND CONSTRAINTS ON WATER UPTAKE OF FUEL-CELL MEMBRANES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Accurate characterization of polymer-electrolyte fuel cells (PEFCs) requires understanding the impact of mechanical and electrochemical loads on cell components. An essential aspect of this relationship is the effect of compression on the polymer membrane?s water-uptake behavior and transport properties. However, there is limited information on the impact of physical constraints on membrane properties. In this paper, we investigate both theoretically and experimentally how the water uptake of Nafion membrane changes under external compression loads. The swelling of a compressed membrane is modeled by modifying the swelling pressure in the polymer backbone which relies on the changes in the microscopic volume of the polymer. The model successfully predicts the water content of the compressed membrane measured through in-situ swelling-compression tests and neutron imaging. The results show that external mechanical loads could reduce the water content and conductivity of the membrane, especially at lower temperatures, higher humidities, and in liquid water. The modeling framework and experimental data provide valuable insight for the swelling and conductivity of constrained and compressed membranes, which are of interest in electrochemical devices such as batteries and fuel cells.

Kusoglu, Ahmet; Kienitz, Briian; Weber, Adam

2011-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

240

Cherenkov Ring Imaging Detector front-end electronics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The SLD Cherenkov Ring Imaging Detector use a proportional wire detector for which a single channel hybrid has been developed. It consists of a preamplifier, gain selectable amplifier, load driver amplifier, power switching, and precision calibrator. For this hybrid, a bipolar, semicustom integrated circuit has been designed which includes video operational amplifiers for two of the gain stages. This approach allows maximization of the detector volume, allows DC coupling, and enables gain selection. System tests show good noise performance, calibration precision, system linearity, and signal shape uniformity over the full dynamic range. 10 refs., 8 figs.

Antilogus, P.; Aston, D.; Bienz, T.; Bird, F.; Dasu, S.; Dunwoodie, W.; Hallewell, G.; Kawahara, H.; Kwon, Y.; Leith, D.; Marshall, D.; Muller, D.; Nagamine, T.; Oxoby, G.; Ratcliff, B.; Rensing, P.; Schultz, D.; Shapiro, S.; Simopoulos, C.; Solodov, E.; Suekane, F.; Toge, N.; Va'Vra, J.; Williams, S. (Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, Menlo Park, CA (USA)); Wilson, R.J.; Whitaker, J.S. (Boston Univ., MA (USA). Dept.

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ring compression testing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Lectures on Linear Algebra over Division Ring  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this book i treat linear algebra over division ring. A system of linear equations over a division ring has properties similar to properties of a system of linear equations over a field. However, noncommutativity of a product creates a new picture. Matrices allow two products linked by transpose. Biring is algebra which defines on the set two correlated structures of the ring. As in the commutative case, solutions of a system of linear equations build up right or left vector space depending on type of system. We study vector spaces together with the system of linear equations because their properties have a close relationship. As in a commutative case, the group of automorphisms of a vector space has a single transitive representation on a frame manifold. This gives us an opportunity to introduce passive and active representations. Studying a vector space over a division ring uncovers new details in the relationship between passive and active transformations, makes this picture clearer. Considering of twin representations of division ring in Abelian group leads to the concept of D vector space and their linear map. Based on polyadditive map I considered definition of tensor product of rings and tensor product of D vector spaces.

Aleks Kleyn

2014-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

242

INTEGRATION OF WIND TURBINES WITH COMPRESSED AIR ENERGY STORAGE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and an unpredictable nature, can be overcome. After an overview on storage systems, the Compressed Air

I. Arsie; V. Marano; G. Rizzo; M. Moran

243

Test Automation Test Automation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Test Automation Test Automation Mohammad Mousavi Eindhoven University of Technology, The Netherlands Software Testing 2013 Mousavi: Test Automation #12;Test Automation Outline Test Automation Mousavi: Test Automation #12;Test Automation Why? Challenges of Manual Testing Test-case design: Choosing inputs

Mousavi, Mohammad

244

Effect of microstructure anisotropy on the deformation of MAX polycrystals studied by in-situ compression combined with neutron diffraction  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In situ compression tests combined with neutron diffraction were performed on Ti{sub 2}AlN MAX polycrystals with lamellar anisotropic microstructure: the diffraction peak evolution (position and profile) with applied stress reveals that lamellar grains parallel to compression axis remain elastic while lamellar grains perpendicular to compression plastify, both families being subjected to strong variations of heterogeneous strains (types II and III). We demonstrate that this behavior originates from the complex response of the very anisotropic lamellar microstructure and explains the observation of reversible hysteretic loops when cycling MAX polycrystals even in the elastic regime.

Guitton, A.; Joulain, A.; Thilly, L., E-mail: ludovic.thilly@univ-poitiers.fr [Institut Pprime, CNRS-University of Poitiers-ENSMA, SP2MI, 86962 Futuroscope (France); Van Petegem, S.; Tromas, C.; Van Swygenhoven, H. [Materials Science and Simulations, NUM/ASQ, CH5232 Villigen PSI (Switzerland)

2014-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

245

Two-Phase Isentropic Compressibility and Two-Phase Sonic Velocity for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and sonic velocity are used for a wide range of problems in the production and exploration of hydrocarbon in well testing, metering, and seismic exploration. In this work, a thermo- dynamic model is presented defined on the basis of the thermody- namic path. For an isothermal process, the compressibility relates

Firoozabadi, Abbas

246

MAS276 Rings and Groups Feedback on exam 2010-11  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

+ instead of -. Many people did not point out that the norm test is again completely conclusive, ie, and then checked each condition. iii) Most people had the right idea but many people then got confused about the ring is not a UFD". iv) Far too many people said yes, with spurious "reasons" such as "it's a subring

Cheng, Eugenia

247

Self-timed rings as low-phase noise programmable oscillators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to generate multi-phase clocks due to their simple structure, low cost and good integration in the design and to generate a phase noise in accordance with the specifications. Test chips have been designed and fabricated increases the phase noise. Today many studies are oriented toward Self-Timed Ring (STR) oscillators which

Boyer, Edmond

248

REVIEW OF AGING DATA ON EPDM O-RINGS IN THE H1616 SHIPPING PACKAGE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Currently, all H1616 shipping package containers undergo annual re-verification testing, including containment vessel leak testing to verify leak-tightness (<1 x 10{sup -7} ref cc/sec air) as per ANSI N14.5. The purpose of this literature review is to supplement aging studies currently being performed by SRNL on the EPDM O-rings to provide the technical basis for extending annual re-verification testing for the H1616 shipping package and to predict the life of the seals at bounding service conditions. The available data suggest that the EPDM O-rings can retain significant mechanical properties and sealing force at or below bounding service temperatures (169 F or 76 C) beyond the 1 year maintenance period. Interpretation of available data suggests that a service life of at least 2 years and potentially 4-6 years may be possible at bounding temperatures. Seal lifetimes at lower, more realistic temperatures will likely be longer. Being a hydrocarbon elastomer, EPDM O-rings may exhibit an inhibition period due to the presence of antioxidants. Once antioxidants are consumed, mechanical properties and seal performance could decline at a faster rate. Testing is being performed to validate the assumptions outlined in this report and to assess the long-term performance of O-ring seals under actual service conditions.

Skidmore, E.

2012-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

249

Symplectic fusion rings and their metric  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The fusion of fields in a rational conformal field theory gives rise to a ring structure which has a very particular form. All such rings studied so far were shown to arise from some potentials. In this paper the fusion rings of the WZW models based on the symplectic group are studied. It is shown that they indeed arise from potentials which are described. These potentials give rise to new massive perturbations of superconformal hermitian symmetric models. The metric of the perturbation is computed and is shown to be given by solutions of the sinh--gordon equation. The kink structure of the theories is described, and it is argued that these field theories are integrable. The $S$ matrices for the fusion theories are argued to be non--minimal extensions of the $G_k\\times G_1/ G_{k+1}$ $S$ matrices with the adjoint perturbation, in the case of $G=SU(N)$.

D. Gepner; A. Schwimmer

1992-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

250

CHALLENGES FOR THE SNS RING ENERGY UPGRADE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Oak Ridge Spallation Neutron Source accumulator ring presently operates at a beam power of about 1 MW with a beam energy of about 910 MeV. A power upgrade is planned to increase the beam energy to 1.3 GeV. For the accumulator ring this mostly involves modifications to the injection and extraction sections. A variety of modifications to the existing injection section were necessary to achieve 1 MW, and the tools developed and the lessons learned from this work are now being applied to the design of the new injection section. This paper will discuss the tools and the lessons learned, and also present the design and status of the upgrades to the accumulator ring.

Plum, Michael A [ORNL; Gorlov, Timofey V [ORNL; Holmes, Jeffrey A [ORNL; Hunter, W Ted [ORNL; Roseberry, Jr., R Tom [ORNL; Wang, Jian-Guang [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

TECHNOLOGIES TO ENHANCE OPERATION OF THE EXISTING NATURAL GAS COMPRESSION INFRASTRUCTURE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents work performed in Phase I of the project entitled: ''Technologies to Enhance Operation of the Existing Natural Gas Compression Infracture''. The project objective is to develop and substantiate methods for operating integral engine/compressors in gas pipeline service, which reduce fuel consumption, increase capacity, and enhance mechanical integrity. The report describes a number of potential enhancements to the existing natural gas compression infrastructure that have been identified and tested on four different integral engine/compressors in natural gas transmission service.

Anthony J. Smalley; Ralph E. Harris; Gary D. Bourn

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Reverse circling supercurrents along a superconducting ring  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The reason why high temperature superconductivity has been being debated is that many basic ideas in literatures are wrong. This work shows that the magnetic flux quantum in a superconducting ring have been inaccurately explained in fact, thus we suggest a reinterpretation of the magnetic flux quantum in a superconducting ring on the basis of the translations of pairs. We also predict that the internal and external surface of a superconducting tube have the reverse circling supercurrents. This means that a more thick tube could trap a larger amount of flux. Both the magnetic flux quantum and the reverse circling supercurrents could not be found with the London equation.

Tian De Cao

2012-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

253

Fast electron microscopy via compressive sensing  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Various technologies described herein pertain to compressive sensing electron microscopy. A compressive sensing electron microscope includes a multi-beam generator and a detector. The multi-beam generator emits a sequence of electron patterns over time. Each of the electron patterns can include a plurality of electron beams, where the plurality of electron beams is configured to impart a spatially varying electron density on a sample. Further, the spatially varying electron density varies between each of the electron patterns in the sequence. Moreover, the detector collects signals respectively corresponding to interactions between the sample and each of the electron patterns in the sequence.

Larson, Kurt W; Anderson, Hyrum S; Wheeler, Jason W

2014-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

254

Techniques for optically compressing light intensity ranges  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A pin hole camera assembly for use in viewing an object having a relatively large light intensity range, for example a crucible containing molten uranium in an atomic vapor laser isotope separator (AVLIS) system is disclosed herein. The assembly includes means for optically compressing the light intensity range appearing at its input sufficient to make it receivable and decipherable by a standard video camera. A number of different means for compressing the intensity range are disclosed. These include the use of photogray glass, the use of a pair of interference filters, and the utilization of a new liquid crystal notch filter in combination with an interference filter. 18 figs.

Rushford, M.C.

1989-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

255

Some notes on beam dynamics due to vertical oscillations in an all-electric storage ring  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A document has recently been posted on the arXiv [1], describing analytical formulas and results of particle tracking simulations, for precision tests of numerical integration algorithms for an EDM (electric dipole moment) storage ring. In the context of an all-electric storage ring, the authors cite theoretical formulas by Orlov [2]. However, the reference to Orlov is to a talk at a workshop in 2012, and is unpublished and difficult for independent researchers to access and validate. This note rederives and generalizes some of Orlov's principal results, using a Hamiltonian formalism, and also corrects some details in both Orlov's note [2] and the arXiv post [1].

Mane, S R

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Some investigations in design of low cost variable compression ratio two stroke petrol engine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Historically two stroke engine petrol engines find wide applications in construction of two wheelers worldwide, however due to stringent environmental laws enforced universally; these engines are fading in numbers. In spite of the tight norms, internationally these engines are still used in agriculture, gensets etc. Several designs of variable compression ratio two stroke engines are commercially available for analysis purpose. In this present investigation a novel method of changing the compression ratio is proposed, applied, studied and analyzed. The clearance volume of the engine is altered by introducing a metal plug into the combustion chamber. This modification permitted to have four different values of clearance value keeping in view of the studies required the work is brought out as two sections. The first part deals with the design, modification, engine fabrication and testing at different compression ratios for the study of performance of the engine. The second part deals with the combustion in engi...

Srinivas, A; rao, P Venkateswar; Reddy, M Penchal

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Improving Energy Efficiency of Compressed Air System Based on System Audit  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

50 compressed air system energy audits completed by Shanghai50 compressed air system energy audits completed by Shanghaiof compressed air energy audits conducted by the Shanghai

Shanghai, Hongbo Qin; McKane, Aimee

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

E-Print Network 3.0 - adiabatic compression heating Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Compression H2... Hydrogen Delivery Liquefaction & Compression Raymond Drnevich Praxair - Tonawanda, NY Strategic... Liquefaction Hydrogen Compression 12;3 Praxair at a...

259

E-Print Network 3.0 - adiabatic compressed air Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

& Compression Summary: Hydrogen Delivery Liquefaction & Compression Raymond Drnevich Praxair - Tonawanda, NY Strategic... Liquefaction Hydrogen Compression 12;3 Praxair at a...

260

Alternative Fuel Vehicles: The Case of Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Vehicles in California Households  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

VEHICLES: THE CASE OF COMPRESSED NATURAL GAS (CNG) VEHICLESyou first learn about compressed natural gas (CNG) vehicles?VEHICLES: THE CASE OF COMPRESSED NATURAL GAS (CNG) VEHICLES

Abbanat, Brian A.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ring compression testing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Transverse instability at the recycler ring  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Sporadic transverse instabilities have been observed at the Fermilab Recycler Ring leading to increase in transverse emittances and beam loss. The driving source of these instabilities has been attributed to the resistive-wall impedance with space-charge playing an important role in suppressing Landau damping. Growth rates of the instabilities are computed. Remaining problems are discussed.

Ng, K.Y.; /Fermilab

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Correction magnets for the Fermilab Recycler Ring  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the commissioning of the Fermilab Recycler ring the need for higher order corrector magnets in the regions near beam transfers was discovered. Three types of permanent magnet skew quadrupoles, and two types of permanent magnet sextupoles were designed and built. This paper describes the need for these magnets, the design, assembly, and magnetic measurements.

James T Volk et al.

2003-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

263

Original article Ring shake and structural characteristics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

) coppice stand in northern Piedmont (northwest Italy) N Macchioni M Pividori2 1 Istituto per la Technologia (Received 8 August 1994; accepted 20 March 1995) Summary— In a chestnut coppice located in Torre of the population was carried out and, after coppicing, the frequency and distribution of ring shake in stems

Boyer, Edmond

264

Tree Rings in Archaeology, Climatology and Ecology  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.gfz-potsdam.de #12;Abandoned Oak coppice on both sides of the Jura Mountains: dendroecological growth models-mail: olivier.girardclos@univ-fcomte.fr Introduction As documented in numerous written sources, coppice, for oak, tree-ring investigations of abandoned oak coppice have been recently undertaken on both sides

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

265

Adsorption at Liquid Interfaces Induces Amyloid Fibril Bending and Ring Formation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Protein fibril accumulation at interfaces is an important step in many physiological processes and neurodegenerative diseases as well as in designing materials. Here we show, using $\\beta$-lactoglobulin fibrils as a model, that semiflexible fibrils exposed to a surface do not possess the Gaussian distribution of curvatures characteristic for wormlike chains, but instead exhibit a spontaneous curvature, which can even lead to ring-like conformations. The long-lived presence of such rings is confirmed by atomic force microscopy, cryogenic scanning electron microscopy and passive probe particle tracking at air- and oil-water interfaces. We reason that this spontaneous curvature is governed by structural characteristics on the molecular level and is to be expected when a chiral and polar fibril is placed in an inhomogeneous environment such as an interface. By testing $\\beta$-lactoglobulin fibrils with varying average thicknesses, we conclude that fibril thickness plays a determining role in the propensity to form rings.

Sophia Jordens; Emily E. Riley; Ivan Usov; Lucio Isa; Peter D. Olmsted; Raffaele Mezzenga

2014-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

266

Desalination Using Vapor-Compression Distillation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and MSF, this research investigates a high-efficiency mechanical vapor-compression distillation system that employs an improved water flow arrangement. The incoming salt concentration was 0.15% salt for brackish water and 3.5% salt for seawater, whereas...

Lubis, Mirna R.

2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

267

Faster Compressed Dictionary Matching (extended abstract)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The past few years have witnessed several exciting results on compressed represen- tation of a string T that supports e±cient pattern matching, and the space complexity has been reduced to jTjHk(T)+o(jTj log ¾) bits [8, ...

Hon, Wing-Kai; Lam, Tak-Wah; Shah, Rahul; Tam, Siu-Lung; Vitter, Jeffrey Scott

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Compressed Index for Dictionary Matching (extended abstract)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The past few years have witnessed several exciting results on compressed represen- tation of a string T that supports e±cient pattern matching, and the space complexity has been reduced to jTjHk(T)+o(jTj log ¾) bits [8, ...

Hon, Wing-Kai; Lam, Tak-Wah; Shah, Rahul; Tam, Siu-Lung; Vitter, Jeffrey Scott

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Energy Efficiency in Compressed Air Systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Energy use in compressed air systems accounts for typically 10% of the total industrial electricity consumption. It also accounts for close to 99% of the CO2 footprint of an air compressor and approximately 80% of the life cycle costs of a...

Hingorani, A.; Pavlov, A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Compressive Computation in Analog VLSI Motion Sensors  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Compressive Computation in Analog VLSI Motion Sensors Rainer A. Deutschmann1 and Oliver G. Wenisch2 analog VLSI mo- tion sensors developed in the past. We show how their pixel-parallel architecture can is best suited to perform the algorithm even at high noise levels. 1 Analog VLSI Motion Sensors Inthe past

Deutschmann, Rainer

271

Regression Cubes with Lossless Compression and Aggregation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, in addition to the traditional simple measures such as count and average. Such new measures will allow users space. In this paper, we propose a fundamentally new class of measures, compressible measures, in order. With years of research and development of data warehouse and OLAP technology [15], [7], [1], [34], a large

Pei, Jian

272

From sideward flow to nuclear compressibility  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We show that the differences between the Plastic Ball and DIOGENE experiments on sideward flow make it possible to asses independently, within the transport description of collisions, the effect of density dependence and momentum dependence of the nucleon optical potential. We estimate that the nuclear compressibility [ital K] lies between 180 and 235 MeV.

Pan, Q.; Danielewicz, P. (National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory and Department of Physics Astronomy, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 (United States))

1993-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

273

From sideward flow to nuclear compressibility  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The authors use the transport model (BUU) with different optical potentials, combining density and momentum dependence with strong or weak nuclear compressibility, to simulate heavy-ion collisions. Experiment by DIOGENE allows them to show that experimental sideward flow is close to their calculations using optical potential of soft momentum- and density-dependence (Potential I), as well as calculations using optical potential of stiff pure density-dependence (Potential II). On the other hand, the Plastic Ball experiment on sideward flow, mainly due to the instrumental rejection of low transverse momentum particles, allows the authors to tell the differences between Potential I and II, with calculations using Potential I being close to the experimental data. Combining the results above, they see that only potential I with soft nuclear compressibility can describe the experimental data. The uncertainty of NN cross section in the medium leads to the uncertainty in nuclear compressibility, they estimate that the nuclear compressibility K lies between 180 and 235 MeV.

Pan, Q.; Danielewicz, P.

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Thickness and drainage of perfluoropolyethers under compression  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Surface Forces Apparatus was used to study the compression and drainage of perfluoropolyethers (PFPE) between two flat parallel mica surfaces. In the case of Zdols and Demnum-SA, the PFPE can be squeezed out during slow compression to a final residual film one gyration diameter in thickness. This thickness remained constant up to the highest applied pressure of (is similar to)10 MPa. The residual thickness for Demnum-SA, with one active end group, was found to be approximately 40% larger than that for Zdol of the same molecular weight, with two active end groups. In contrast, Z03, with no active end groups, could be displaced completely from the contact. The dynamics of expulsion were studied by monitoring the variation of the gap width as a function of time after fast (a few milliseconds) step increase in the compressive load. It was found that Zdol behaves as the bulk liquid down to gap widths of 4 equivalent gyration diameters. A viscosity increase of more than 10 times was observed when the gap width was between 4 and 2 gyration diameters. Finally, slow compression to the maximum achievable pressure (approximately 10 MPa) led to a residual layer one gyration diameter in thickness trapped between the mica surfaces.

Xu, Lei; Ogletree, D Frank; Salmeron, Miquel; Tang, Huan; Gui, Jing

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Wave motions in unbounded poroelastic solids infused with compressible fluids  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wave motions in unbounded poroelastic solids infused with compressible fluids S. Quiligotti, G at proposing a two-scale constitutive theory of a poroelastic solid infused with an inviscid compressible fluid

276

automated chest compression: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

or compressibility when acquiring signals in a compressible signal into a small amount of data.Interestingly,this may be changing the way engineers think Wang, Hsin-Min 350...

277

CO? compression for capture-enabled power systems  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The objective of this thesis is to evaluate a new carbon dioxide compression technology - shock compression - applied specifically to capture-enabled power plants. Global warming has increased public interest in carbon ...

Suri, Rajat

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

2014 - LNG Export, Compressed Natural Gas (CNG), Re-Exports ...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

4 - LNG Export, Compressed Natural Gas (CNG), Re-Exports & Long Term Natural Gas Applications 2014 - LNG Export, Compressed Natural Gas (CNG), Re-Exports & Long Term Natural Gas...

279

COLLOQUIUM: Compressed Air Energy Storage: The Bridge to Our...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

April 30, 2014, 4:00pm to 5:30pm Colloquia MBG Auditorium COLLOQUIUM: Compressed Air Energy Storage: The Bridge to Our Renewable Energy Future Mr. Al Cavallo Consultant Compressed...

280

2015 - LNG Export, Compressed Natural Gas (CNG), Re-Exports ...  

Energy Savers [EERE]

2015 - LNG Export, Compressed Natural Gas (CNG), Re-Exports & Long Term Natural Gas Applications 2015 - LNG Export, Compressed Natural Gas (CNG), Re-Exports & Long Term Natural Gas...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ring compression testing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Centralized Collaborative Compressed Sensing of Wideband Spectrum for Cognitive Radios  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Centralized Collaborative Compressed Sensing of Wideband Spectrum for Cognitive Radios Hessam, spectrum sensing, cognitive radio, distri- bution discontinuities, algebraic detection, wideband. I technique for cognitive radio systems which combines algebraic tools and compressive sampling techniques

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

282

Low-dimensional Models for Compression, Compressed Sensing, and Prediction of Large-Scale  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Technological University, Singapore, 639798; nikola001@e.ntu.edu.sg, muhammad89@e.ntu.edu.sg, jdauwels@ntu) is commonly deployed to compress large traffic data sets [2], [4]­[6]. PCA provides an effective low

Jaillet, Patrick

283

Interaction Region Design for a Ring-Ring LHeC  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

tively low energy and moderately high intensity provides high luminosity TeV-scale e-p collisions at one of the LHC interaction points, running simultaneously with existing experiments. Two designs are studied; an electron ring situated in the LHC tunnel, and an electron linac. The focus of this paper is on the ring design. Designing an e-p machine presents interesting accelerator physics and design challenges, particularly when considering the interaction region. These include coupled optics, beam separation and unconventional mini-beta focusing schemes. Designs are constrained by an array of interdependent factors, including beam-beam interaction, detector dimensions and acceptance, luminosity and synchrotron radiation. Methods of addressing these complex issues are discussed. The current designs for the LHeC Ring-Ring interaction region and long straight section are presented and discussed, in the context of the project goals and design challenges encountered. Future developments and work are also discusse...

Thompson, L N S; Bernard, N R; Fitterer, M; Holzer, B; Klein, M; Kostka, P

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Characterization of Min-K TE-1400 Thermal Insulation (Two-Year Gradient Stress Relaxation Testing Update)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Min-K 1400TE insulation material was characterized at Oak Ridge National Laboratory for use in structural applications under gradient temperature conditions. A previous report (ORNL/TM-2008/089) discusses the testing and results from the original three year duration of the project. This testing included compression testing to determine the effect of sample size and test specimen geometry on the compressive strength of Min-K, subsequent compression testing on cylindrical specimens to determine loading rates for stress relaxation testing, isothermal stress relaxation testing, and gradient stress relaxation testing. This report presents the results from the continuation of the gradient temperature stress relaxation testing and the resulting updated modeling.

Hemrick, James Gordon [ORNL; Lara-Curzio, Edgar [ORNL; King, James [ORNL

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Tree-ring reconstruction of maximum and minimum temperatures  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, minimum temperatures, diurnal temperature range, changing tree-ring/climate relationships, b; Vaganov et al. 1999; Bar- ber et al. 2000; Lloyd, Fastie 2002). Similar changes during investigations of tree- ring growth/climate relationships in interior British Columbia (BC

286

TECHNOLOGIES TO ENHANCE THE OPERATION OF EXISTNG NATURAL GAS COMPRESSION INFRASTRUCTURE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This quarterly report documents work performed under Tasks 15, 16, and 18 through 23 of the project entitled: ''Technologies to Enhance the Operation of the Existing Natural Gas Compression Infrastructure''. The project objective is to develop and substantiate methods for operating integral engine/compressors in gas pipeline service, which reduce fuel consumption, increase capacity, and enhance mechanical integrity. The report first documents a survey test performed on an HBA-6 engine/compressor installed at Duke Energy's Bedford Compressor Station. This is one of several tests planned, which will emphasize identification and reduction of compressor losses. Additionally, this report presents a methodology for distinguishing losses in compressor attributable to valves, irreversibility in the compression process, and the attached piping (installation losses); it illustrates the methodology with data from the survey test. The report further presents the validation of the simulation model for the Air Balance tasks and outline of conceptual manifold designs.

Anthony J. Smalley; Ralph E. Harris; Gary D. Bourn; Danny M. Deffenbaugh

2005-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

287

Novel Spark Plugs Improve Energy Efficiency of Compressed Natural  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Novel Spark Plugs Improve Energy Efficiency of Compressed Natural Gas Engines Energy Innovations use affects climate change. Vehicles operating on compressed natural gas reduce petroleum fuel use, the vast majority of compressed natural gas (CNG) engines are used in transit buses serving the public

288

Prediction-Based Compression Ratio Boundaries for Medical Images  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Prediction-Based Compression Ratio Boundaries for Medical Images Xiaojun Qi Computer Science present prediction-based image compression techniques take advantage of either intra- or inter function. The prediction-based compression technique has been applied on some magnetic resonance (MR) brain

Qi, Xiaojun

289

Mesh Geometry Compression for Mobile Graphics Jongseok Lee  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

technology has not caught up with the energy requirement of 3D graphics processing. Data compression canMesh Geometry Compression for Mobile Graphics Jongseok Lee POSTECH thirdeye@postech.ac.kr Sungyul--This paper presents a compression scheme for mesh geometry, which is suitable for mobile graphics. The main

Lee, Seungyong

290

Beam Loss Monitors in the NSLS Storage Rings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Beam loss monitors (BLM) have been used for more than two decades in the VUV ring at the NSLS. These have proved useful for optimizing injection and operation of the ring. Recently similar monitors have been installed in the X-ray ring and are being used to better understand injection, as well as operation of the ring. These units have been compared with the Bergoz BLMs, which have been mostly useful for understanding operating beam losses.

Kramer,S.L.; Fedurin, M.

2009-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

291

Modern Compressed Air Piping Selection and Design Can Have a Great Impact on Your Compressed Air Energy Dollars  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper introduces new concepts in compressed air piping, sizing, and system design beyond the conventional pipe sizing charts and standard system layout guide lines. The author shows how compressed air velocity has a very significant impact...

Van Ormer, H.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Study of CMOS APS Responsivity Enhancement: Ring-Shaped Photodiode  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Study of CMOS APS Responsivity Enhancement: Ring-Shaped Photodiode Tatiana Danov, Igor Shcherback obtained from various ring-shaped pixel photodiodes with different inner radius, implemented in a standard illumination. We show that the photodiodes with a small ring-opening exhibit better sensitivity in the blue

293

Compressed Air Energy Savings: SAV-AIR Monitor and Control System and the PNW Compressed Air Challenge  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Portland, OR Portland, OR ABSTRACT This paper presents the results from two compressed air programs supported by the Northwest Energy Efficiency Alliance (Alliance) over the last five years. In 1997 the Alliance funded the Northwest regional version...Resource Group Portland, OR COMPRESSED A[R CHALLENGE The Compressed Air Challenge (CAC) is a national collaborative that develops and provides resources to educate industrial plant operating staff on ways to increase net profits through compressed air...

Anderson, K. J.; Annen, B.; Scott, S.

294

A coupled model for ring dynamics, gas flow, and oil flow through the ring grooves in IC engines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Oil flows through ring/groove interface play a critical role in oil transport among different regions the piston ring pack of internal combustion engines. This thesis work is intended to improve the understanding and ...

Jia, Ke, S. M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Method for testing the strength and structural integrity of nuclear fuel particles  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An accurate method for testing the strength of nuclear fuel particles. Each particle includes an upper and lower portion, and is placed within a testing apparatus having upper and lower compression members. The upper compression member includes a depression therein which is circular and sized to receive only part of the upper portion of the particle. The lower compression member also includes a similar depression. The compression members are parallel to each other with the depressions therein being axially aligned. The fuel particle is then placed between the compression members and engaged within the depressions. The particle is then compressed between the compression members until it fractures. The amount of force needed to fracture the particle is thereafter recorded. This technique allows a broader distribution of forces and provides more accurate results compared with systems which distribute forces at singular points on the particle.

Lessing, Paul A. (Idaho Falls, ID)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Method for testing the strength and structural integrity of nuclear fuel particles  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An accurate method for testing the strength of nuclear fuel particles is disclosed. Each particle includes an upper and lower portion, and is placed within a testing apparatus having upper and lower compression members. The upper compression member includes a depression therein which is circular and sized to receive only part of the upper portion of the particle. The lower compression member also includes a similar depression. The compression members are parallel to each other with the depressions therein being axially aligned. The fuel particle is then placed between the compression members and engaged within the depressions. The particle is then compressed between the compression members until it fractures. The amount of force needed to fracture the particle is thereafter recorded. This technique allows a broader distribution of forces and provides more accurate results compared with systems which distribute forces at singular points on the particle. 13 figs.

Lessing, P.A.

1995-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

297

Characterization of beam dynamics in the APS injector rings using time-resolved imaging techniques  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Images taken with streak cameras and gated intensified cameras with both time (longitudinal) and spatial (transverse) resolution reveal a wealth of information about circular accelerators. The authors illustrate a novel technique by a sequence of dual-sweep streak camera images taken at a high dispersion location in the booster synchrotron, where the horizontal coordinate is strongly correlated with the particle energy and the {open_quotes}top-view{close_quotes} of the beam gives a good approximation to the particle density distribution in the longitudinal phase space. A sequence of top-view images taken fight after injection clearly shows the beam dynamics in the phase space. We report another example from the positron accumulator ring for the characterization of its beam compression bunching with the 12th harmonic rf.

Yang, B.X.; Lumpkin, A.H.; Borland, M. [and others

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

E-Print Network 3.0 - advanced reciprocating compression Sample...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Machines... Hydrogen Delivery Liquefaction & Compression Raymond Drnevich Praxair - Tonawanda, NY Strategic... Liquefaction Hydrogen Compression 12;3 Praxair at a...

299

Elevated temperature testing of gaskets for bolted flanged connections  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Bolted flanged connections are especially prone to leakage when operating at elevated temperatures. In 1986--87, the API Subcommittee on Pressure Vessels, Piping and Tanks expressed a need for gasket performance data and technical formulations to permit the design of gasket systems for high temperature service. The objective was to gain initial understanding of flange behavior, gasket deformation and leakage behavior under simulated elevated temperature service conditions. Experience gained through the previous PVRC-funded elevated temperature test programs as well as companion non-PVRC-funded programs has raised a number of basic questions which would be best answered in the context of a PVRC-supported effort. This Report summarizes the results obtained for four different topics covered in PVRC Grant No. 90-1, namely: (A) verify experimentally the extrapolated long term elevated temperature good performance of compressed asbestos reinforced sheet materials on which are based the MTI guidelines; (B) study the effect of creep/relaxation of flexible graphite sheet materials at elevated temperature on the tightness of a joint in which the gasket deflection remains practically constant; (C) study the effect of the gas medium and pressure on the tightness performance at elevated temperature of graphite filled spiral wound gaskets with and without internal rings; (D) establish correlations between the weight loss of elastomer sheet gasket materials during aging at elevated temperature, and changes in their mechanical properties (tensile strength and relaxation) as well as the variations of their tightness performance.

Derenne, M.; Marchand, L.; Bazergui, A. (Univ. of Montreal, Quebec (Canada). Ecole Polytechnique); Payne, J.R. (J. Payne Associates, Long Valley, NJ (United States))

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

A ring imaging Cherenkov detector for CLAS12  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The energy increase of Jefferson Lab's Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) to 12 GeV promises to greatly extend the physics reach of its experiments. This will include an upgrade of the CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer (CLAS) to CLAS12, offering unique possibilities to study internal nucleon dynamics. For this excellent hadron identification over the full kinematical range of 3–8 GeV/c is essential. This will be achieved by the installation of a Ring Imaging CHerenkov (RICH) detector. A novel hybrid imaging design incorporating mirrors, aerogel radiators and Hamamatsu H8500 multianode photomultiplier tubes is proposed. Depending on the incident particle track angle, Cherenkov light will either be imaged directly or after two reflections and passes through the aerogel. The detector design is described, along with preliminary results on individual detector components tests and from recent testbeam studies.

Montgomery, Rachel A. [Glasgow University

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ring compression testing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Mass and Lifetime Measurements in Storage Rings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Masses of nuclides covering a large area of the chart of nuclides can be measured in storage rings where many ions circulate at the same time. In this paper the recent progress in the analysis of Schottky mass spectrometry data is presented as well as the technical improvements leading to higher accuracy for isochronous mass measurements with a time-of-flight detector. The high sensitivity of the Schottky method down to single ions allows to measure lifetimes of nuclides by observing mother and daughter nucleus simultaneously. In this way we investigated the decay of bare and H-like 140Pr. As we could show the lifetime can be even shortened compared to those of atomic nuclei despite of a lower number of electrons available for internal conversion or electron capture.All these techniques will be implemented with further improvements at the storage rings of the new FAIR facility at GSI in the future.

Weick, H.; Beckert, K.; Beller, P.; Bosch, F.; Dimopoulou, C.; Kozhuharov, C.; Kurcewicz, J.; Mazzocco, M.; Nociforo, C.; Nolden, F.; Steck, M.; Sun, B.; Winkler, M. [Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung mbH, 64291 Darmstadt (Germany); Brandau, C.; Chen, L.; Geissel, H.; Knoebel, R.; Litvinov, S. A.; Litvinov, Yu. A.; Scheidenberger, C. [Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung mbH, 64291 Darmstadt (Germany); II. Phys. Institut, Justus-Liebig-Universitaet Giessen, 35392 Giessen (Germany)] (and others)

2007-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

302

Seneca Compressed Air Energy Storage (CAES) Project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Compressed Air Energy Storage (CAES) is a hybrid energy storage and generation concept that has many potential benefits especially in a location with increasing percentages of intermittent wind energy generation. The objectives of the NYSEG Seneca CAES Project included: for Phase 1, development of a Front End Engineering Design for a 130MW to 210 MW utility-owned facility including capital costs; project financials based on the engineering design and forecasts of energy market revenues; design of the salt cavern to be used for air storage; draft environmental permit filings; and draft NYISO interconnection filing; for Phase 2, objectives included plant construction with a target in-service date of mid-2016; and for Phase 3, objectives included commercial demonstration, testing, and two-years of performance reporting. This Final Report is presented now at the end of Phase 1 because NYSEG has concluded that the economics of the project are not favorable for development in the current economic environment in New York State. The proposed site is located in NYSEG’s service territory in the Town of Reading, New York, at the southern end of Seneca Lake, in New York State’s Finger Lakes region. The landowner of the proposed site is Inergy, a company that owns the salt solution mining facility at this property. Inergy would have developed a new air storage cavern facility to be designed for NYSEG specifically for the Seneca CAES project. A large volume, natural gas storage facility owned and operated by Inergy is also located near this site and would have provided a source of high pressure pipeline quality natural gas for use in the CAES plant. The site has an electrical take-away capability of 210 MW via two NYSEG 115 kV circuits located approximately one half mile from the plant site. Cooling tower make-up water would have been supplied from Seneca Lake. NYSEG’s engineering consultant WorleyParsons Group thoroughly evaluated three CAES designs and concluded that any of the designs would perform acceptably. Their general scope of work included development of detailed project construction schedules, capital cost and cash flow estimates for both CAES cycles, and development of detailed operational data, including fuel and compression energy requirements, to support dispatch modeling for the CAES cycles. The Dispatch Modeling Consultant selected for this project was Customized Energy Solutions (CES). Their general scope of work included development of wholesale electric and gas market price forecasts and development of a dispatch model specific to CAES technologies. Parsons Brinkerhoff Energy Storage Services (PBESS) was retained to develop an air storage cavern and well system design for the CAES project. Their general scope of work included development of a cavern design, solution mining plan, and air production well design, cost, and schedule estimates for the project. Detailed Front End Engineering Design (FEED) during Phase 1 of the project determined that CAES plant capital equipment costs were much greater than the $125.6- million originally estimated by EPRI for the project. The initial air storage cavern Design Basis was increased from a single five million cubic foot capacity cavern to three, five million cubic foot caverns with associated air production wells and piping. The result of this change in storage cavern Design Basis increased project capital costs significantly. In addition, the development time required to complete the three cavern system was estimated at approximately six years. This meant that the CAES plant would initially go into service with only one third of the required storage capacity and would not achieve full capability until after approximately five years of commercial operation. The market price forecasting and dispatch modeling completed by CES indicated that the CAES technologies would operate at only 10 to 20% capacity factors and the resulting overall project economics were not favorable for further development. As a result of all of these factors, the Phase 1 FEED developed an installe

None

2012-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

303

Performance evaluation of bound diamond ring tools  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

LLNL is collaborating with the Center for Optics Manufacturing (COM) and the American Precision Optics Manufacturers Association (APOMA) to optimize bound diamond ring tools for the spherical generation of high quality optical surfaces. An important element of this work is establishing an experimentally-verified link between tooling properties and workpiece quality indicators such as roughness, subsurface damage and removal rate. In this paper, we report on a standardized methodology for assessing ring tool performance and its preliminary application to a set of commercially-available wheels. Our goals are to (1) assist optics manufacturers (users of the ring tools) in evaluating tools and in assessing their applicability for a given operation, and (2) provide performance feedback to wheel manufacturers to help optimize tooling for the optics industry. Our paper includes measurements of wheel performance for three 2-4 micron diamond bronze-bond wheels that were supplied by different manufacturers to nominally- identical specifications. Preliminary data suggests that the difference in performance levels among the wheels were small.

Piscotty, M.A.; Taylor, J.S.; Blaedel, K.L.

1995-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

304

NuSTORM {\\mu} Ring -- Design and Injection Optimization  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The design of the NuSTORM muon production beam line and storage ring is discussed. The facility includes a pion production target station with a pion collection horn and transport into a straight section of a storage ring. {\\pi} decay within that straight section provides {\\mu}'s that are stored within the ring for subsequent decay providing precision electron and muon neutrino beams. The ring and transport designs are described and optimized. Genetic Algorithm optimization of the horn and transport into the ring has been performed, providing a significant increase in intensity

Neuffer, David; Bross, A

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Compression of cooked freeze-dried carrots  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. Reduction in volume of up to 18-fold can be obtained by com- pressing dehydrated vegetables (Rabman, 1969). During World War II, the United Kingdom produced dehydrated cabbage and carrots in compressed blocks (Gooding and Rolfe, 1967). Fairbrother (1968...-propanol at low concentration by freeze-drying carbohydrate solutions. J. of Food Sci. 37:617. Flosdorf, E. W. 1949. "Freeze-drying, " Reinhold Publishing Co. , New York. Gooding, E. B. B. and Rolfe, E. J. 1957. Some Recent Work on Dehy- dration...

Macphearson, Bruce Alan

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

306

Compression mode resonances in Zr-90  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Compression mode resonances in 90Zr D. H. Youngblood, Y.-W. Lui, B. John,* Y. Tokimoto, H. L. Clark, and X. Chen Cyclotron Institute, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas 77843, USA (Received 18 February 2004; published 20 May 2004..., JOHN, TOKIMOTO, CLARK, AND CHEN PHYSICAL REVIEW C 69, 054312 (2004) 054312-2 Fig. 2. The continuum distributions are similar over the en- tire energy range, whereas the angular distributions of the cross sections for the peak change...

Youngblood, David H.; Lui, YW; John, B.; Tokimoto, Y.; Clark, HL; Chen, X.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Lateral resistance of ring-shank nail connections in Southern Pine lumber  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, lightly brushed, and blown dry with compressed air to remove grease as specified in ASTM D1761 (ASTM, 1995e), Nail characteristics were then measured for each nail used in bending yield strength tests, dowel bearing tests, and connection tests (Figure... and the yield load, the yisld moment was calculated from the following equation (ASTM, 1995c): P s~ M = r 1400 700 600 E, 500 400 O 3pp 200 ? Load Slope of load curve Point of Inflection 1200 1000 8 800 K 600 ~~ O rVl 400 100 200 0. 5 1...

Theilen, Ross Dean

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Micropillar compression technique applied to micron-scale mudstone elasto-plastic deformation.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Mudstone mechanical testing is often limited by poor core recovery and sample size, preservation and preparation issues, which can lead to sampling bias, damage, and time-dependent effects. A micropillar compression technique, originally developed by Uchic et al. 2004, here is applied to elasto-plastic deformation of small volumes of mudstone, in the range of cubic microns. This study examines behavior of the Gothic shale, the basal unit of the Ismay zone of the Pennsylvanian Paradox Formation and potential shale gas play in southeastern Utah, USA. Precision manufacture of micropillars 5 microns in diameter and 10 microns in length are prepared using an ion-milling method. Characterization of samples is carried out using: dual focused ion - scanning electron beam imaging of nano-scaled pores and distribution of matrix clay and quartz, as well as pore-filling organics; laser scanning confocal (LSCM) 3D imaging of natural fractures; and gas permeability, among other techniques. Compression testing of micropillars under load control is performed using two different nanoindenter techniques. Deformation of 0.5 cm in diameter by 1 cm in length cores is carried out and visualized by a microscope loading stage and laser scanning confocal microscopy. Axisymmetric multistage compression testing and multi-stress path testing is carried out using 2.54 cm plugs. Discussion of results addresses size of representative elementary volumes applicable to continuum-scale mudstone deformation, anisotropy, and size-scale plasticity effects. Other issues include fabrication-induced damage, alignment, and influence of substrate.

Michael, Joseph Richard; Chidsey, Thomas (Utah Geological Survey, Salt Lake City, UT); Heath, Jason E.; Dewers, Thomas A.; Boyce, Brad Lee; Buchheit, Thomas Edward

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Influence of variables on the consolidation and unconfined compressive strength of crushed salt: Technical report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Eight hydrostatic compression creep tests were performed on crushed salt specimens fabricated from Avery Island dome salt. Following the creep test, each specimen was tested in unconfined compression. The experiments were performed to assess the influence of the following four variables on the consolidation and unconfined strength of crushed salt: grain size distribution, temperature, time, and moisture content. The experiment design comprised a half-fraction factorial matrix at two levels. The levels of each variable investigated were grain size distribution, uniform-graded and well-graded (coefficient of uniformity of 1 and 8); temperature 25/sup 0/C and 100/sup 0/C; time, 3.5 x 10/sup 3/s and 950 x 10/sup 3/s (approximately 60 minutes and 11 days, respectively); and moisture content, dry and wet (85% relative humidity for 24 hours). The hydrostatic creep stress was 10 MPa. The unconfined compression tests were performed at an axial strain rate of 1 x 10/sup -5/s/sup -1/. Results show that the variables time and moisture content have the greatest influence on creep consolidation, while grain size distribution and, to a somewhat lesser degree, temperature have the greatest influence on total consolidation. Time and moisture content and the confounded two-factor interactions between either grain size distribution and time or temperature and moisture content have the greatest influence on unconfined strength. 7 refs., 7 figs., 11 tabs.

Pfeifle, T.W.; Senseny, P.E.; Mellegard, K.D.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Efficient Joins with Compressed Bitmap Indexes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We present a new class of adaptive algorithms that use compressed bitmap indexes to speed up evaluation of the range join query in relational databases. We determine the best strategy to process a join query based on a fast sub-linear time computation of the join selectivity (the ratio of the number of tuples in the result to the total number of possible tuples). In addition, we use compressed bitmaps to represent the join output compactly: the space requirement for storing the tuples representing the join of two relations is asymptotically bounded by min(h; n . cb), where h is the number of tuple pairs in the result relation, n is the number of tuples in the smaller of the two relations, and cb is the cardinality of the larger column being joined. We present a theoretical analysis of our algorithms, as well as experimental results on large-scale synthetic and real data sets. Our implementations are efficient, and consistently outperform well-known approaches for a range of join selectivity factors. For instance, our count-only algorithm is up to three orders of magnitude faster than the sort-merge approach, and our best bitmap index-based algorithm is 1.2x-80x faster than the sort-merge algorithm, for various query instances. We achieve these speedups by exploiting several inherent performance advantages of compressed bitmap indexes for join processing: an implicit partitioning of the attributes, space-efficiency, and tolerance of high-cardinality relations.

Computational Research Division; Madduri, Kamesh; Wu, Kesheng

2009-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

311

Combined rankine and vapor compression cycles  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An organic rankine cycle system is combined with a vapor compression cycle system with the turbine generator of the organic rankine cycle generating the power necessary to operate the motor of the refrigerant compressor. The vapor compression cycle is applied with its evaporator cooling the inlet air into a gas turbine, and the organic rankine cycle is applied to receive heat from a gas turbine exhaust to heat its boiler within one embodiment, a common condenser is used for the organic rankine cycle and the vapor compression cycle, with a common refrigerant, R-245a being circulated within both systems. In another embodiment, the turbine driven generator has a common shaft connected to the compressor to thereby eliminate the need for a separate motor to drive the compressor. In another embodiment, an organic rankine cycle system is applied to an internal combustion engine to cool the fluids thereof, and the turbo charged air is cooled first by the organic rankine cycle system and then by an air conditioner prior to passing into the intake of the engine.

Radcliff, Thomas D.; Biederman, Bruce P.; Brasz, Joost J.

2005-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

312

Optical heterodyne detection for cavity ring-down spectroscopy  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A cavity ring-down system for performing cavity ring-down spectroscopy (CRDS) using optical heterodyne detection of a ring-down wave E.sub.RD during a ring-down phase or a ring-up wave E.sub.RU during a ring up phase. The system sends a local oscillator wave E.sub.LO and a signal wave E.sub.SIGNAL to the cavity, preferably a ring resonator, and derives an interference signal from the combined local oscillator wave E.sub.LO and the ring-down wave E.sub.RD (or ring-up wave E.sub.RU). The local oscillator wave E.sub.LO has a first polarization and the ring-down wave E.sub.RD has a second polarization different from the first polarization. The system has a combining arrangement for combining or overlapping local oscillator wave E.sub.LO and the ring-down wave E.sub.RD at a photodetector, which receives the interference signal and generates a heterodyne current I.sub.H therefrom. Frequency and phase differences between the waves are adjustable.

Levenson, Marc D. (Saratoga, CA); Paldus, Barbara A. (Mountain View, CA); Zare, Richard N. (Stanford, CA)

2000-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

313

Experimental investigation of explosive-driven plasma-compression opening switches  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Plasma-compression opening-switch techniques are being developed for use in explosive-driven magnetic-flux-compresssion-generator applications. A new test bed for performing low-cost experimentation is described. Experiments with approx.0.15 MA/cm linear current density in the switch have achieved resistance increases of a factor of 10 in a few hundred nanoseconds. Peak field strengths of 30 kV/cm are generated in these tests. Data are presented from preliminary tests that indicate reduced pressure in the plasma cavity enhanced switch performance.

Goforth, J.H.; Caird, R.S.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Laboratory Performance Testing of Residential Dehumidifiers (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Six residential vapor compression cycle dehumidifiers spanning the available range of capacities and efficiencies were tested in the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's Heating, Ventilating, and Air-Conditioning Systems Laboratory. Each was tested under a wide range of indoor air conditions to facilitate the development of performance curves for use in whole-building simulation tools.

Winkler, J.

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Homogenous charge compression ignition engine having a cylinder including a high compression space  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention relates generally to the field of homogeneous charge compression engines. In these engines, fuel is injected upstream or directly into the cylinder when the power piston is relatively close to its bottom dead center position. The fuel mixes with air in the cylinder as the power piston advances to create a relatively lean homogeneous mixture that preferably ignites when the power piston is relatively close to the top dead center position. However, if the ignition event occurs either earlier or later than desired, lowered performance, engine misfire, or even engine damage, can result. Thus, the present invention divides the homogeneous charge between a controlled volume higher compression space and a lower compression space to better control the start of ignition.

Agama, Jorge R.; Fiveland, Scott B.; Maloney, Ronald P.; Faletti, James J.; Clarke, John M.

2003-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

316

Advanced Technology Vehicle Testing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The light-duty vehicle transportation sector in the United States depends heavily on imported petroleum as a transportation fuel. The Department of Energy’s Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity (AVTA) is testing advanced technology vehicles to help reduce this dependency, which would contribute to the economic stability and homeland security of the United States. These advanced technology test vehicles include internal combustion engine vehicles operating on 100% hydrogen (H2) and H2CNG (compressed natural gas) blended fuels, hybrid electric vehicles, neighborhood electric vehicles, urban electric vehicles, and electric ground support vehicles. The AVTA tests and evaluates these vehicles with closed track and dynamometer testing methods (baseline performance testing) and accelerated reliability testing methods (accumulating lifecycle vehicle miles and operational knowledge within 1 to 1.5 years), and in normal fleet environments. The Arizona Public Service Alternative Fuel Pilot Plant and H2-fueled vehicles are demonstrating the feasibility of using H2 as a transportation fuel. Hybrid, neighborhood, and urban electric test vehicles are demonstrating successful applications of electric drive vehicles in various fleet missions. The AVTA is also developing electric ground support equipment (GSE) test procedures, and GSE testing will start during the fall of 2003. All of these activities are intended to support U.S. energy independence. The Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory manages these activities for the AVTA.

James Francfort

2003-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

A parallel and matrix free framework for global stability analysis of compressible flows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An numerical iterative framework for global modal stability analysis of compressible flows using a parallel environment is presented. The framework uses a matrix-free implementation to allow computations of large scale problems. Various methods are tested with regard to convergence acceleration of the framework. The methods consist of a spectral Cayley transformation used to select desired Eigenvalues from a large spectrum, an improved linear solver and a parallel block-Jacobi preconditioning scheme.

Henze, O; Sesterhenn, J

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

STAR FORMATION IN NUCLEAR RINGS OF BARRED GALAXIES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Nuclear rings in barred galaxies are sites of active star formation. We use hydrodynamic simulations to study the temporal and spatial behavior of star formation occurring in nuclear rings of barred galaxies where radial gas inflows are triggered solely by a bar potential. The star formation recipes include a density threshold, an efficiency, conversion of gas to star particles, and delayed momentum feedback via supernova explosions. We find that the star formation rate (SFR) in a nuclear ring is roughly equal to the mass inflow rate to the ring, while it has a weak dependence on the total gas mass in the ring. The SFR typically exhibits a strong primary burst followed by weak secondary bursts before declining to very small values. The primary burst is associated with the rapid gas infall to the ring due to the bar growth, while the secondary bursts are caused by re-infall of the ejected gas from the primary burst. While star formation in observed rings persists episodically over a few Gyr, the duration of active star formation in our models lasts for only about half of the bar growth time, suggesting that the bar potential alone is unlikely to be responsible for gas supply to the rings. When the SFR is low, most star formation occurs at the contact points between the ring and the dust lanes, leading to an azimuthal age gradient of young star clusters. When the SFR is large, on the other hand, star formation is randomly distributed over the whole circumference of the ring, resulting in no apparent azimuthal age gradient. Since the ring shrinks in size with time, star clusters also exhibit a radial age gradient, with younger clusters found closer to the ring. The cluster mass function is well described by a power law, with a slope depending on the SFR. Giant gas clouds in the rings have supersonic internal velocity dispersions and are gravitationally bound.

Seo, Woo-Young; Kim, Woong-Tae, E-mail: seowy@astro.snu.ac.kr, E-mail: wkim@astro.snu.ac.kr [Center for the Exploration of the Origin of the Universe (CEOU), Astronomy Program, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742 (Korea, Republic of)

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

An apparatus for measuring turn-by-turn transverse beam profile in electron storage rings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new apparatus is designed to measure the beam profile turn-by-turn using synchrotron light. The apparatus consists of optical fibers, photo multiplier tubes and digitizers. It is cost efficient and easy to operate. Monte Carlo simulations have shown that the apparatus has an acceptable resolution. The concept has been tested preliminarily at the SLC damping ring, and a full equipment is being set up at CESR to observe coherent beam-beam phenomenon.

Chen, T.; Siemann, R.H. [Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, CA (United States); Hartill, D.; Smith, S. [Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States)

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

High Resolution BPM Upgrade for the ATF Damping Ring at KEK  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A beam position monitor (BPM) upgrade at the KEK Accelerator Test Facility (ATF) damping ring has been accomplished, carried out by a KEK/FNAL/SLAC collaboration under the umbrella of the global ILC R&D effort. The upgrade consists of a high resolution, high reproducibility read-out system, based on analog and processing, and also implements a new automatic gain error correction schema. The technical concept and realization as well as results of beam studies are presented.

Eddy, N; Fellenz, B; Gianfelice-Wendt, E; Prieto, P; Rechenmacher, R; Semenov, A; Voy, D; Wendt, M; Zhang, D; Terunuma, N; Urakawa, J

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ring compression testing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

On the classification of fusion rings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The fusion rules and modular matrix of a rational conformal field theory obey a list of properties. We use these properties to classify rational conformal field theories with not more than six primary fields and small values of the fusion coefficients. We give a catalogue of fusion rings which can arise for these field theories. It is shown that all such fusion rules can be realized by current algebras. Our results support the conjecture that all rational conformal field theories are related to current algebras.

D. Gepner; A. Kapustin

1994-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

322

Self-seeding ring optical parametric oscillator  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

An optical parametric oscillator apparatus utilizing self-seeding with an external nanosecond-duration pump source to generate a seed pulse resulting in increased conversion efficiency. An optical parametric oscillator with a ring configuration are combined with a pump that injection seeds the optical parametric oscillator with a nanosecond duration, mJ pulse in the reverse direction as the main pulse. A retroreflecting means outside the cavity injects the seed pulse back into the cavity in the direction of the main pulse to seed the main pulse, resulting in higher conversion efficiency.

Smith, Arlee V. (Albuquerque, NM); Armstrong, Darrell J. (Albuquerque, NM)

2005-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

323

Water mass distribution in cyclonic rings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

WATER SASS DISTR'-NUT(ON Til Cy'UON I i RL i( S A Thesis NONA M, RTE JANOPAUL Submitted to the Gvsdust CoiieSe of Texas A&N Univetslty Pst'tiel fuifl11meot of the te(N|ltem 1'lt ot the de[ ee of RASTER OP SC1ENCE i)eceml:er 1979 Nv jot Sue... lect: Phy, . ical Ocean Staphy NATRR MASS DTSPRTblJTTON 1N C". CJ. ONTO RTNGS NONA MARIE . TANOPAUL Approved as to style. and content by: (Chairman. of Committee) (Member) I( December 1979 ABS'IRACT Water Mass Distribution in Cyclonic Rings...

Janopaul, Mona Marie

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

324

International magnetic pulse compression workshop: (Proceedings)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A few individuals have tried to broaden the understanding of specific and salient pulsed-power topics. One such attempt is this documentation of a workshop on magnetic switching as it applies primarily to pulse compression (power transformation), affording a truly international perspective by its participants under the initiative and leadership of Hugh Kirbie and Mark Newton of the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) and supported by other interested organizations. During the course of the Workshop at Granlibakken, a great deal of information was amassed and a keen insight into both the problems and opportunities as to the use of this switching approach was developed. The segmented workshop format proved ideal for identifying key aspects affecting optimum performance in a variety of applications. Individual groups of experts addressed network and system modeling, magnetic materials, power conditioning, core cooling and dielectrics, and finally circuits and application. At the end, they came together to consolidate their input and formulate the workshop's conclusions, identifying roadblocks or suggesting research projects, particularly as they apply to magnetic switching's trump card--its high-average-power-handling capability (at least on a burst-mode basis). The workshop was especially productive both in the quality and quantity of information transfer in an environment conducive to a free and open exchange of ideas. We will not delve into the organization proper of this meeting, rather we wish to commend to the interested reader this volume, which provides the definitive and most up-to-date compilation on the subject of magnetic pulse compression from underlying principles to current state of the art as well as the prognosis for the future of magnetic pulse compression as a consensus of the workshop's organizers and participants.

Kirbie, H.C.; Newton, M.A.; Siemens, P.D.

1991-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Low emissions compression ignited engine technology  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method and apparatus for operating a compression ignition engine having a cylinder wall, a piston, and a head defining a combustion chamber. The method and apparatus includes delivering fuel substantially uniformly into the combustion chamber, the fuel being dispersed throughout the combustion chamber and spaced from the cylinder wall, delivering an oxidant into the combustion chamber sufficient to support combustion at a first predetermined combustion duration, and delivering a diluent into the combustion chamber sufficient to change the first predetermined combustion duration to a second predetermined combustion duration different from the first predetermined combustion duration.

Coleman, Gerald N. (Dunlap, IL); Kilkenny, Jonathan P. (Peoria, IL); Fluga, Eric C. (Dunlap, IL); Duffy, Kevin P. (East Peoria, IL)

2007-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

326

Coke cake behavior under compressive forces  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The deformation of the coke cake and load on the side wall during pushing were studied using an electric furnace equipped with a movable wall. Coke cake was found to deform in three stages under compressive forces. The coke cake was shortened in the pushing direction in the cake deformation stage, and load was generated on the side walls in the high wall load stage. Secondary cracks in the coke cake were found to prevent load transmission on the wall. The maximum load transmission rate was controlled by adjusting the maximum fluidity and mean reflectance of the blended coal.

Watakabe, S.; Takeda, T.; Itaya, H.; Suginobe, H.

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

327

Minimize Compressed Air Leaks | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in3.pdfEnergy HealthComments MEMA:May1.docEx5.docof Energy Adverse MotorCompressed Air

328

Variable Compression Ratio Engine | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy Usage »of EnergyTheTwoVulnerabilities | Department of|VTA,anCompression Ratio

329

Onboard low-complexity compression of solar Shuang Wang, Lijuan Cui, Samuel Cheng, Lina Stankovic, Vladimir Stankovic  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ForReview Only 1 Onboard low-complexity compression of solar images Shuang Wang, Lijuan Cui, Samuel for onboard coding of solar images since it exploits correlation between different views without compromising as performing disparity estimation, at the decoder side. The proposed algorithm is tested on the stereo solar

Cheng, Samuel

330

Hydro-mechanical behavior of Municipal Solid Waste subject to leachate recirculation in a large-scale compression reactor cell  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The paper presents the results of a laboratory experiment on Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) subjected to one-dimensional compression in a 1 m{sup 3} instrumented cell. The focus was on the hydro-mechanical behavior of the material under conditions of confinement and leachate percolation that replicate those found in real-scale landfills. The operation of the apparatus is detailed together with the testing methodology and the monitoring program. Two samples of waste were tested: the first extended over a period of 10 months ('Control Test') and the second for 22 months ('Enhanced Test' with leachate recirculation). Consolidation data is reported with regard to both short-term (stress-dependent) and long-term (time-dependent) settlements. A discussion follows based on the derived values of primary and secondary compression ratios. Correlations between compression parameters and the biodegradation process are presented. In particular, results clearly highlight the effect of leachate recirculation on waste settlement: 24% secondary deformation reached after slightly less than 2 years (equivalent to a 5-fold increase in compressibility) and 17.9% loss of dry matter. Comparisons are proposed considering the results derived from the few monitoring programs conducted on experimental bioreactors worldwide. Finally, the hydraulic characterization of waste is discussed with regard to the evaluation of effective porosity and permeability.

Olivier, Franck [Environment, Energy and Waste Research Center (CREED), 291, avenue Dreyfous Ducas, 78520 Limay (France) and Laboratoire LIRIGM - Maison des Geosciences, 1381, rue de la piscine 38400 Saint-Martin d'Heres (France)]. E-mail: franck.olivier@ujf-grenoble.fr; Gourc, Jean-Pierre [Laboratoire LIRIGM - Maison des Geosciences, 1381, rue de la piscine 38400 Saint-Martin d'Heres (France)]. E-mail: gourc@ujf-grenoble.fr

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

1308 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING, VOL. 47, NO. 10, OCTOBER 2000 ECG Signal Compression Using Analysis by  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1308 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING, VOL. 47, NO. 10, OCTOBER 2000 ECG Signal--In this paper, an elecrocardiogram (ECG) com- pression algorithm, called analysis by synthesis ECG compressor with several well-known ECG compression algorithms and was found to be superior at all tested bit rates. A mean

Zigel, Yaniv

332

Approximating Artinian Rings by Gorenstein Rings and 3-Standardness of the Maximal Ideal  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

associated to an Artin local ring, called its Gorenstein colength . We study the basic properties and give bounds on this number in this chapter. We extend results due to W. Teter, C.Huneke and A. Vraciu by studying the relation of Gorenstein colength...

Hariharan, Ananthnarayan

2009-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

333

High load operation in a homogeneous charge compression ignition engine  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A homogeneous charge compression ignition engine is set up by first identifying combinations of compression ratio and exhaust gas percentages for each speed and load across the engines operating range. These identified ratios and exhaust gas percentages can then be converted into geometric compression ratio controller settings and exhaust gas recirculation rate controller settings that are mapped against speed and load, and made available to the electronic

Duffy, Kevin P. (Metamora, IL); Kieser, Andrew J. (Morton, IL); Liechty, Michael P. (Chillicothe, IL); Hardy, William L. (Peoria, IL); Rodman, Anthony (Chillicothe, IL); Hergart, Carl-Anders (Peoria, IL)

2008-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

334

A New Compressive Imaging Camera Architecture using Optical-Domain Compression  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for processing, to a "computa- tional signal processing" (CSP) paradigm, where analog signals are converted nonlinear techniques. 1.1. Compressive sensing CSP builds upon a core tenet of signal processing a decorrelating transform to compact a correlated signal's energy into just a few essential coefficients.1

335

aging tests iii: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

94720 (Received 2 February 2006; accepted 2 March Ritchie, Robert 6 The CLEO-III RICH Detector and Beam Test Results HEP - Experiment (arXiv) Summary: We are constructing a Ring...

336

azgir test site: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

A; Seguel, J; Vasquez, J; Walker, A; Walker, D; Wang, L 2009-01-01 3 Load Testing of Web Sites CiteSeer Summary: ring high market volatility, for example, online brokerage...

337

A CAVITY RING-DOWN SPECTROSCOPY MERCURY CONTINUOUS EMISSION MONITOR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The construction of the sampling system was completed during the past quarter. The sampling system has been built on a 3 feet x 4 feet x 2 inch breadboard table. The laser system, all the associated optics, and the mounts and hardware needed to couple the UV light into the fiber optic have also been condensed and placed on an identical 3 feet x 4 feet x 2 inch breadboard table. This reduces the footprint of each system for ease of operation at a field test facility. The two systems are only connected with a fiber optic, to bring the UV light to the CRD cavity, and a single coaxial cable used to apply a voltage to the diode seed laser to scan the frequency over the desired mercury transition. SRD software engineers applied a couple of software fixes to correct the problems of the diode seed laser drifting or mode hopping. Upon successful completion of the software fixes another long-term test was conducted. A nearly 3 day long, 24 hours/day, test was run to test out the new subroutines. Everything appeared to work as it should and the mercury concentrations were accurately reported for the entire test, with the exception of a small interval of time when the intensity of the UV light dropped low enough that the program was no longer triggering properly. After adjusting the power of the laser the program returned to proper operation. With the successful completion of a relatively long test SRD software engineer incorporated the new subroutine into an entirely new program. This program operates the CRD instrument automatically as a continuous emissions monitor for mercury. In addition the program also reports the concentration of SO{sub 2} determined in the sample flue gas stream. Various functions, operation of, and a description of the new program have been included with this report. This report concludes the technical work associated with Phase II of the Cavity Ring-Down project for the continuous detection of trace levels of mercury. The project is presently gearing up for additional testing in preparation for a field test to be conducted at the DOE/NETL pilot plant facility in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Christopher C. Carter

2004-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

338

MUON STORAGE RINGS FOR 6D PHASE SPACE COOLING.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We describe several storage ring designs for reducing the 6-dimensional phase space of circulating muon beams. These rings utilize quadrupole and dipole magnets as well as wedge-shaped, liquid-hydrogen, energy-loss absorbers and energy compensating rf cavities. We obtain evaluations of their cooling performance by particle tracking simulation. Such rings are potentially useful for future Neutrino Factories or Muon Colliders as well as for existing facilities in which cooled, intense muon beams could enhance their physics programs.

KIRK,H.CLINE,D.FUKUI,Y.GARREN,A.

2003-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

339

Advancement in Fuel Spray and Combustion Modeling for Compression...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Applications Advancement in Fuel Spray and Combustion Modeling for Compression Ignition Engine Applications 2013 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies...

340

NJ Compressed Natural Gas Refuse Trucks, Shuttle Buses and Infrastruct...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Vehicle Technologies Program Review Presentation NJ COMPRESSED NATURAL GAS REFUSE TRUCKS, SHUTTLE BUSES AND INFRASTRUCTURE Chuck Feinberg, Principal Investigator New Jersey Clean...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ring compression testing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Workshop Notes from ""Compressed Natural Gas and Hydrogen Fuels...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Workshop Notes from ""Compressed Natural Gas and Hydrogen Fuels: Lessons Learned for the Safe Deployment of Vehicles"" Workshop, December 10-11, 2009 Workshop Notes from...

342

H2A Delivery: Forecourt Compression & Storage Optimization (Part...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Land Areas Forecourt Storage and Compression Options Forecourt and Gas Infrastructure Optimization Home About the Fuel Cell Technologies Office Hydrogen Production Hydrogen...

343

artificial compressibility method: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

solutions of the Incompressible Navier Stokes system on exterior domains via the artificial compressibility method Mathematical Physics (arXiv) Summary: In this paper we study...

344

Advanced CFD Models for High Efficiency Compression Ignition...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

for high efficiency compression-ignition engines can be used to show how turbulence-chemistry interactions influence autoignition and combustion. p-19raja.pdf More Documents &...

345

VIDEO PRESENTATION AND COMPRESSION Borko Furht and Raymond Westwater  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

9 VIDEO PRESENTATION AND COMPRESSION Borko Furht and Raymond Westwater Florida Atlantic University........................................................................................................................ 172 1.1 VIDEO REPRESENTATION AND FORMATS.................................................................................. 172 1.2 VIDEO INFORMATION UNITS

Furht, Borko

346

Two-Stage Variable Compression Ratio (VCR) System to Increase...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

th , 2012 Two-Stage Variable Compression Ratio (VCR) System to Increase Efficiency in Gasoline Powertrains DEER Conference 2012 D. Tomazic, H. Kleeberg, S. Bowyer, FEV Inc. J....

347

New Methodologies for Analysis of Premixed Charge Compression...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

New Methodologies for Analysis of Premixed Charge Compression Ignition Engines Salvador M. Aceves, Daniel L. Flowers, J. Ray Smith, Lee Davisson, Francisco Espinosa-Loza, Tim Ross,...

348

Workshop Agenda: Compressed Natural Gas and Hydrogen Fuels, Lesssons...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

to ensure safe use of onboard and bulk storage hydrogen and compressed natural gas tanks * Enhance domestic and international harmonization between natural gas and hydrogen...

349

Saturable inductor and transformer structures for magnetic pulse compression  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Saturable inductor and transformer for magnetic compression of an electronic pulse, using a continuous electrical conductor looped several times around a tightly packed core of saturable inductor material.

Birx, Daniel L. (Londonderry, NH); Reginato, Louis L. (Orinda, CA)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Technical Assessment: Cryo-Compressed Hydrogen Storage for Vehicular...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

with input from Salvador Aceves (Lawrence Livermore National Lab) and Tobias Brunner (BMW). Technical Assessment: Cryo-Compressed Hydrogen Storage for Vehicular Applications...

351

Technical Assessment of Cryo-Compressed Hydrogen Storage Tank...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

with input from Gene Berry (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory), Tobias Brunner (BMW) and Bill Clinkscales (SCI). Technical Assessment of Cryo-Compressed Hydrogen Storage...

352

Multilayer compressive seal for sealing in high temperature devices  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A mica based compressive seal has been developed exhibiting superior thermal cycle stability when compared to other compressive seals known in the art. The seal is composed of compliant glass or metal interlayers and a sealing (gasket) member layer composed of mica that is infiltrated with a glass forming material, which effectively reduces leaks within the seal. The compressive seal shows approximately a 100-fold reduction in leak rates compared with previously developed hybrid seals after from 10 to about 40 thermal cycles under a compressive stress of from 50 psi to 100 psi at temperatures in the range from 600.degree. C. to about 850.degree. C.

Chou, Yeong-Shyung (Richland, WA); Stevenson, Jeffry W. (Richland, WA)

2007-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

353

Fuel-Free Compressed-Air Energy Storage: Fuel-Free, Ubiquitous Compressed-Air Energy Storage and Power Conditioning  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

GRIDS Project: General Compression has developed a transformative, near-isothermal compressed air energy storage system (GCAES) that prevents air from heating up during compression and cooling down during expansion. When integrated with renewable generation, such as a wind farm, intermittent energy can be stored in compressed air in salt caverns or pressurized tanks. When electricity is needed, the process is reversed and the compressed air is expanded to produce electricity. Unlike conventional compressed air energy storage (CAES) projects, no gas is burned to convert the stored high-pressure air back into electricity. The result of this breakthrough is an ultra-efficient, fully shapeable, 100% renewable and carbon-free power product. The GCAES™ system can provide high quality electricity and ancillary services by effectively integrating renewables onto the grid at a cost that is competitive with gas, coal and nuclear generation.

None

2010-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

354

Compression station key to Texas pipeline project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This was probably the largest pipeline project in the US last year, and the largest in Texas in the last decade. The new compressor station is a key element in this project. TECO, its servicing dealer, and compression packager worked closely throughout the planning and installation stages of the project. To handle the amount of gas required, TECO selected the GEMINI F604-1 compressor, a four-throw, single-stage unit with a six-inch stroke manufactured by Weatherford Enterra Compression Co. (WECC) in Corpus Christi, TX. TECO also chose WECC to package the compressors. Responsibility for ongoing support of the units will be shared among TECO, the service dealer and the packager. TECO is sending people to be trained by WECC, and because the G3600 family of engines is still relatively new, both the Caterpillar dealer and WECC sent people for advanced training at Caterpillar facilities in Peoria, IL. As part of its service commitment to TECO, the servicing dealer drew up a detailed product support plan, encompassing these five concerns: Training, tooling; parts support; service support; and commissioning.

NONE

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Compact wavefunctions from compressed imaginary time evolution  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Simulation of quantum systems promises to deliver physical and chemical predictions for the frontiers of technology. Unfortunately, the exact representation of these systems is plagued by the exponential growth of dimension with the number of particles, or colloquially, the curse of dimensionality. The success of approximation methods has hinged on the relative simplicity of physical systems with respect to the exponentially complex worst case. Exploiting this relative simplicity has required detailed knowledge of the physical system under study. In this work, we introduce a general and efficient black box method for many-body quantum systems that utilizes technology from compressed sensing to find the most compact wavefunction possible without detailed knowledge of the system. It is a Multicomponent Adaptive Greedy Iterative Compression (MAGIC) scheme. No knowledge is assumed in the structure of the problem other than correct particle statistics. This method can be applied to many quantum systems such as spins, qubits, oscillators, or electronic systems. As an application, we use this technique to compute ground state electronic wavefunctions of hydrogen fluoride and recover 98% of the basis set correlation energy or equivalently 99.996% of the total energy with $50$ configurations out of a possible $10^7$. Building from this compactness, we introduce the idea of nuclear union configuration interaction for improving the description of reaction coordinates and use it to study the dissociation of hydrogen fluoride and the helium dimer.

Jarrod R. McClean; Alán Aspuru-Guzik

2014-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

356

University of Arizona Compressed Air Energy Storage  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Boiled down to its essentials, the grant’s purpose was to develop and demonstrate the viability of compressed air energy storage (CAES) for use in renewable energy development. While everyone agrees that energy storage is the key component to enable widespread adoption of renewable energy sources, the development of a viable scalable technology has been missing. The Department of Energy has focused on expanded battery research and improved forecasting, and the utilities have deployed renewable energy resources only to the extent of satisfying Renewable Portfolio Standards. The lack of dispatchability of solar and wind-based electricity generation has drastically increased the cost of operation with these components. It is now clear that energy storage coupled with accurate solar and wind forecasting make up the only combination that can succeed in dispatchable renewable energy resources. Conventional batteries scale linearly in size, so the price becomes a barrier for large systems. Flow batteries scale sub-linearly and promise to be useful if their performance can be shown to provide sufficient support for solar and wind-base electricity generation resources. Compressed air energy storage provides the most desirable answer in terms of scalability and performance in all areas except efficiency. With the support of the DOE, Tucson Electric Power and Science Foundation Arizona, the Arizona Research Institute for Solar Energy (AzRISE) at the University of Arizona has had the opportunity to investigate CAES as a potential energy storage resource.

Simmons, Joseph; Muralidharan, Krishna

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

357

Power Series Over Noetherian Rings May 10, 2010 William Heinzer ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

May 10, 2010 ... ian rings and of the induced spectral maps associated with various ..... R1. [81, pages 112-118], the proof of the Noetherian property took.

1911-00-51T23:59:59.000Z

358

Space Charge and Equilibrium Emittances in Damping Rings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

SPACE CHARGE AND EQUILIBRIUM EMITTANCES IN DAMPING RINGS ?for the pos- sible impact of space charge on the equilibriumrings. INTRODUCTION Direct space charge effects have the

Venturini, Marco; Oide, Katsunobu; Wolski, Andy

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

apophyseal ring fractures: Topics by E-print Network  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

system 4 2 Ring solutions Kolokolnikov, Theodore 90 Self-potential observations during hydraulic fracturing University of California eScholarship Repository Summary: hydraulic...

360

A study of the microstrip ring resonator and its applications  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

(Continued) CHAPTER F. Effects of the Package Parasitics on the Resonant Frequency G. Experimental Results H. Double Varactor Ring Resonator Page 76 83 88 V PIN DIODES IN A RING RESONATOR AS A SWITCH/FILTER 92 A, PIN Diode Equivalent Circuit B... function of gap sise for the ring resonator in Fig. 19 and Fig. 21. . A varactor tuned ring resonator. C-V traces for the (a) forward and (b) reverse biased varactor diode. . Diagram of a varactor package cross-section. Equivalent circuit of a...

Martin, Tracy Scott

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ring compression testing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Reduction in the thermal resistance (R-value) of loose-fill insulation and fiberglass batts due to compression  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A method is presented for calculating the thickness reduction of loose-fill insulations and fiberglass batts that result from compressive forces exerted by additional insulation. The thickness reduction is accompanied by an increase in density and a reduction in the R value of the compressed layer. Calculations for thermal resistance of two layers of insulation are given. Information in 4 appendices includes: identification of products tested (products from 3 companies); experimental values for thickness as a function of loading; Fortran programs and output; and calculated R values for stacked insulations. (MCW)

Yarbrough, D.W.; Wright, J.H.

1981-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

TECHNOLOGIES TO ENHANCE OPERATION OF THE EXISTING NATURAL GAS COMPRESSION INFRASTRUCTURE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This quarterly report documents work performed in Phase I of the project entitled: ''Technologies to Enhance Operation of the Existing Natural Gas Compression Infrastructure''. The project objective is to develop and substantiate methods for operating integral engine/compressors in gas pipeline service, which reduce fuel consumption, increase capacity, and enhance mechanical integrity. The report documents the second series of tests performed on a turbocharged HBA-6T engine/compressor. It also presents baseline testing for air balance investigations and initial simulation modeling of the air manifold for a Cooper GMVH6.

Anthony J. Smalley; Ralph E. Harris; Gary D. Bourn

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

TECHNOLOGIES TO ENHANCE OPERATION OF THE EXISTING NATURAL GAS COMPRESSION INFRASTRUCTURE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This quarterly report documents work performed under Tasks 10 through 14 of the project entitled: Technologies to Enhance Operation of the Existing Natural Gas Compression Infrastructure. The project objective is to develop and substantiate methods for operating integral engine/compressors in gas pipeline service, which reduce fuel consumption, increase capacity, and enhance mechanical integrity. The report documents the second series of tests performed on a GMW10 engine/compressor after modifications to add high pressure Fuel and a Turbocharger. It also presents baseline testing for air balance investigations and initial simulation modeling of the air manifold for a Cooper GMVH6.

Anthony J. Smalley; Ralph E. Harris; Gary D. Bourn

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Recent Progress on Design Studies of High-Luminosity Ring-Ring Electron-Ion Collider at CEBAF  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The conceptual design of a ring-ring electron-ion collider based on CEBAF has been continuously optimized to cover a wide center-of-mass energy region and to achieve high luminosity and polarization to support next generation nuclear science programs. Here, we summarize the recent design improvements and R&D progress on interaction region optics with chromatic aberration compensation, matching and tracking of electron polarization in the Figure-8 ring, beam-beam simulations and ion beam cooling studies.

Zhang, Y; Bruell, A; Chevtsov, P; Derbenev, Y S; Ent, R; Krafft, G A; Li, R; Merminga, L

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Experimental investigation of piston heat transfer under conventional diesel and reactivity-controlled compression ignition combustion regimes  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The piston of a heavy-duty single-cylinder research engine was instrumented with 11 fast-response surface thermocouples, and a commercial wireless telemetry system was used to transmit the signals from the moving piston. The raw thermocouple data were processed using an inverse heat conduction method that included Tikhonov regularization to recover transient heat flux. By applying symmetry, the data were compiled to provide time-resolved spatial maps of the piston heat flux and surface temperature. A detailed comparison was made between conventional diesel combustion and reactivity-controlled compression ignition combustion operations at matched conditions of load, speed, boost pressure, and combustion phasing. The integrated piston heat transfer was found to be 24% lower, and the mean surface temperature was 25 C lower for reactivity-controlled compression ignition operation as compared to conventional diesel combustion, in spite of the higher peak heat release rate. Lower integrated piston heat transfer for reactivity-controlled compression ignition was found over all the operating conditions tested. The results showed that increasing speed decreased the integrated heat transfer for conventional diesel combustion and reactivity-controlled compression ignition. The effect of the start of injection timing was found to strongly influence conventional diesel combustion heat flux, but had a negligible effect on reactivity-controlled compression ignition heat flux, even in the limit of near top dead center high-reactivity fuel injection timings. These results suggest that the role of the high-reactivity fuel injection does not significantly affect the thermal environment even though it is important for controlling the ignition timing and heat release rate shape. The integrated heat transfer and the dynamic surface heat flux were found to be insensitive to changes in boost pressure for both conventional diesel combustion and reactivity-controlled compression ignition. However, for reactivity-controlled compression ignition, the mean surface temperature increased with changes in boost suggesting that equivalence ratio affects steady-state heat transfer.

Splitter, Derek A [ORNL; Hendricks, Terry Lee [Sandia National Laboratories (SNL); Ghandhi, Jaal B [University of Wisconsin

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Introductory statistical mechanics for electron storage rings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

These lectures introduce the beam dynamics of electron-positron storage rings with particular emphasis on the effects due to synchrotron radiation. They differ from most other introductions in their systematic use of the physical principles and mathematical techniques of the non-equilibrium statistical mechanics of fluctuating dynamical systems. A self-contained exposition of the necessary topics from this field is included. Throughout the development, a Hamiltonian description of the effects of the externally applied fields is maintained in order to preserve the links with other lectures on beam dynamics and to show clearly the extent to which electron dynamics in non-Hamiltonian. The statistical mechanical framework is extended to a discussion of the conceptual foundations of the treatment of collective effects through the Vlasov equation.

Jowett, J.M.

1986-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Quantum codes over Finite Frobenius Rings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

polynomial rX i=1 aiX r i where ai 2 Z=(p n). Let = exp(2 i=pn) then, (a) = a is a generating character. 2. Inner product Symplectic inner product Let (ajb) and (a 0 jb 0 ) denote two codewords in the code C. Then the symplectic inner product... of the two vectors is de ned as (b:a 0 b 0 :a). If C is the code then its dual C? is de ned as C? = f(ajb)j (b:a0 b0:a) = 1forall(a0jb0) 2 Cg Lemma 1 Let be a character of a nite frobenius ring R. Then is a right generating character if and only...

Sarma, Anurupa

2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

368

Near-rings of group mappings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

)[ = m we have A f(v ) 1 1 1 1 f(v ) and m is minimal with this property. On the other hand f(v ) = f(Av ) = A f(v ) =AA f(v ) = A f(v), which implies r=O. 1 1 1 1 1 Conversely, suppose m divides n and choose v 6 6 , v 6 8 Define f:G ~ G by f(0) = 0..., f(A v ) = A v , j = 1, 2, . . . , n and f(v) = 0 otherwise. Since m divides n, f is well defined, and clearly f E C(A). Let H be an additive subgroup of the near-ring N. We say H is N-invariant if NH c H and HN c H. Lemma 1. 2: [5] Let H be a C...

Galli, John C

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

369

Bubbling the Newly Grown Black Ring Hair  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

New families of BPS black ring solutions with four electric and four dipole magnetic charges have recently been explicitly constructed and uplifted to M-theory. These solutions were found to belong to a CFT with central charge different compared to the one of the STU model. Because of their importance to AdS/CFT, here we give the microstate description of these geometries in terms of topological bubbles and supertubes. The fourth charge results in an additional flux through the topological cycles that resolve the brane singularities. The analog of these solutions in the IIB frame yield a generalized regular supertube with three electric charges and one dipole charge. Direct comparison is also made with the previously-known bubbled geometries.

Orestis Vasilakis

2012-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

370

Comparative studies of methane and propane as fuels for spark ignition and compression ignition engines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The paper reviews the combustion characteristics of the two fuels and sets out to consider their respective performance in both spark ignition and compression ignition engines. Results of comparative tests involving spark ignition engines over a wide range of operating conditions are presented and discussed. Some of the performance characteristics considered are those relating to power output, efficiency, tendency to knock, cyclic variations, optimum spark requirements and exhaust emissions. Similarly, some of the performance characteristics in compression ignition engines considered include power output, efficiency, tendency towards knock and autoignition, exhaust emissions and low operational temperature problems. Finally, the relative operational safety aspects of the two fuels are evaluated. It is then suggested that in this regard, methane has some excellent physical, chemical and combustion characteristics that makes it a particularly safe fuel.

Karim, G.A.; Wierzba, I.

1983-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Toward compressed DMD: spectral analysis of fluid flows using sub-Nyquist-rate PIV data  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dynamic mode decomposition (DMD) is a powerful and increasingly popular tool for performing spectral analysis of fluid flows. However, it requires data that satisfy the Nyquist-Shannon sampling criterion. In many fluid flow experiments, such data are impossible to capture. We propose a new approach that combines ideas from DMD and compressed sensing. Given a vector-valued signal, we take measurements randomly in time (at a sub-Nyquist rate) and project the data onto a low-dimensional subspace. We then use compressed sensing to identify the dominant frequencies in the signal and their corresponding modes. We demonstrate this method using two examples, analyzing both an artificially constructed test dataset and particle image velocimetry data collected from the flow past a cylinder. In each case, our method correctly identifies the characteristic frequencies and oscillatory modes dominating the signal, proving the proposed method to be a capable tool for spectral analysis using sub-Nyquist-rate sampling.

Tu, Jonathan H; Kutz, J Nathan; Shang, Jessica K

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Modeling of coupled thermodynamic and geomechanical performance of underground compressed air energy storage (CAES) in lined rock caverns  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Williams, Compressed air energy storage: Theory, resources,study for the compressed air energy storage technology byplant for compressed air energy storage power generation,

Rutqvist, J.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Porous media compressed air energy storage (PM-CAES): Theory and simulation of the coupled wellbore-reservoir system  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of selected compressed air energy storage studes, Pacificaspects of compressed-air energy storage in aquifers, J. ofresources and compressed air energy storage (CAES), Energy,

Oldenburg, C.M.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Characterizing excavation damaged zone and stability of pressurized lined rock caverns for underground compressed air energy storage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for Underground Compressed Air Energy Storage Hyung-Mok Kimperformance of compressed air energy storage (CAES) in linedcavern (LRC); Compressed air energy storage (CAES); TOUGH-

Kim, H.M.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Modeling of coupled thermodynamic and geomechanical performance of underground compressed air energy storage (CAES) in lined rock caverns  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Williams, Compressed air energy storage: Theory, resources,for the compressed air energy storage technology by thefor compressed air energy storage power generation, Japan

Rutqvist, J.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

ROOM TEMPERATURE COMPRESSION PROPERTIES OF TWO HEATS OF UNIRRADIATED V-4Cr-4Ti  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Vanadium alloys are of interest to the Fusion program as potential first wall structural materials. The expected irradiation conditions for the first wall structural material include a range of temperatures where very high hardening caused by a high density of small, but shearable defect clusters results in a type of deformation called "localized deformation". At the onset of yield in a tensile test, a dislocation may move through a grain shearing the obstacles and clearing out a channel. Subsequent dislocations may easily pass through this channel. As the test progresses, more channels form. In the early stages of deformation, it is thought that the plastic deformation is confined to these channels. One important macroscopic result of this deformation behavior is rapid onset of necking in a tensile test and very low uniform elongation. As a means to help understand the range of stress states where localized deformation may adversely affect macroscopic ductility in vanadium alloys, compression test specimens fabricated from two heats of V-4Cr-4Ti are currently under irradiation in the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR). The results of room temperature compression tests on the unirradiated control materials are presented here and compared with uniaxial tensile values from the literature.

Toloczko, Mychailo B.; Kurtz, Richard J.

2004-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

377

ENG 4793: Composite Materials and Processes 1 Compression Molding  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 ENG 4793: Composite Materials and Processes 1 Compression Molding ver 2 ENG 4793: Composite Materials and Processes 2 ENG 4793: Composite Materials and Processes 3 ENG 4793: Composite Materials and Processes 4 Schematic of a Compression Molding Press ENG 4793: Composite Materials and Processes 5 Matched

Colton, Jonathan S.

378

Circle criterion observer for a compression system Bjrnar Bhagen  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

.gravdahl@itk.ntnu.no Abstract-- Observers for a compression system using turbo compressors are derived for a model that captures speed. Results are validated by simulations. I. MOTIVATION Compression systems using turbo compressors, centrifugal or axial, are exposed to the phenomenons of surge and rotating stall. Surge is an axisymmtrical

Gravdahl, Jan Tommy

379

Compressed Gas Cylinder Safety I. Background. Due to the nature  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Compressed Gas Cylinder Safety I. Background. Due to the nature of gas cylinders hazards of a ruptured cylinder. There are almost 200 different types of materials in gas cylinders, there are several general procedures to follow for safe storage and handling of a compressed gas cylinder: II

Suzuki, Masatsugu

380

Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition: Formulation Effect of a Diesel Fuel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition: Formulation Effect of a Diesel Fuel on the Initiation and the Combustion Potential of Olefin Impact in a Diesel Base Fuel D. Alseda1,2, X. Montagne1 and P. Dagaut2 1 Compression Ignition: Formulation Effect of a Diesel Fuel on the Initiation and the Combustion - Potential

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ring compression testing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Simplified Compression of Redundancy Free Trellis Sections in Turbo Decoder  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 Simplified Compression of Redundancy Free Trellis Sections in Turbo Decoder Emmanuel Boutillon that for an M state Turbo decoder, among the L compressed trellis stages, only m = 3 or even m = 2 are necessary turbo-code and/or to reduce its power consumption.1 I. INTRODUCTION The quality of an error control code

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

382

Techno-economic Performance Evaluation of Compressed Air  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

PNNL-22235 Techno-economic Performance Evaluation of Compressed Air Energy Storage in the Pacific of Compressed Air Energy Storage in the Pacific Northwest BP McGrail JE Cabe CL Davidson FS Knudsen DH Bacon MD air energy storage (CAES) in the unique geologic setting of inland Washington and Oregon. The basic

383

Second-order Schemes for Steady Weakly Compressible Liquid Flows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

]. Under such circumstances, the speed of sound is much larger than the velocity of the liquid, resulting-differences, such flows may display compressibility effects. Mach number, the ratio of fluid velocity to speed of sound1 Second-order Schemes for Steady Weakly Compressible Liquid Flows I. J. Keshtiban , F. Belblidia

Grant, P. W.

384

TIME-PERIODIC SOUND WAVE PROPAGATION COMPRESSIBLE EULER EQUATIONS  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A PARADIGM FOR TIME-PERIODIC SOUND WAVE PROPAGATION IN THE COMPRESSIBLE EULER EQUATIONS BLAKE consistent with time-periodic sound wave propagation in the 3 Ã? 3 nonlinear compressible Euler equations description of shock-free waves that propagate through an oscillating entropy field without breaking or dis

385

Hall effect in a strong magnetic field: Direct comparisons of compressible magnetohydrodynamics and the reduced Hall magnetohydrodynamic equations  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this work we numerically test a model of Hall magnetohydrodynamics in the presence of a strong mean magnetic field: the reduced Hall magnetohydrodynamic model (RHMHD) derived by [Gomez et al., Phys. Plasmas 15, 102303 (2008)] with the addition of weak compressible effects. The main advantage of this model lies in the reduction of computational cost. Nevertheless, up until now the degree of agreement with the original Hall MHD system and the range of validity in a regime of turbulence were not established. In this work direct numerical simulations of three-dimensional Hall MHD turbulence in the presence of a strong mean magnetic field are compared with simulations of the weak compressible RHMHD model. The results show that the degree of agreement is very high (when the different assumptions of RHMHD, such as spectral anisotropy, are satisfied). Nevertheless, when the initial conditions are isotropic but the mean magnetic field is maintained strong, the results differ at the beginning but asymptotically reach a good agreement at relatively short times. We also found evidence that the compressibility still plays a role in the dynamics of these systems, and the weak compressible RHMHD model is able to capture these effects. In conclusion the weak compressible RHMHD model is a valid approximation of the Hall MHD turbulence in the relevant physical context.

Martin, L. N.; Dmitruk, P. [Departamento de Fisica, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires (Argentina) and IFIBA, CONICET, Ciudad Universitaria, 1428 Buenos Aires (Argentina); Gomez, D. O. [Departamento de Fisica, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires (Argentina) and IFIBA, CONICET, Ciudad Universitaria, 1428 Buenos Aires (Argentina); Instituto de Astronomia y Fisica del Espacio, Ciudad Universitaria, 1428 Buenos Aires (Argentina)

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

386

Efficient Spectral Broadening in the 100-W Average Power Regime Using Gas Filled Kagome HC-PCF and Pulse Compression  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present nonlinear pulse compression of a high-power SESAM-modelocked thin-disk laser (TDL) using an Ar-filled hypocycloid-core Kagome Hollow-Core Photonic Crystal Fiber (HC-PCF). The output of the modelocked Yb:YAG TDL with 127 W average power, a pulse repetition rate of 7 MHz, and a pulse duration of 740 fs was spectrally broadened 16-fold while propagating in a Kagome HC-PCF containing 13 bar of static Argon gas. Subsequent compression tests performed using 8.4% of the full available power resulted in a pulse duration as short as 88 fs using the spectrally broadened output from the fiber. Compressing the full transmitted power through the fiber (118 W) could lead to a compressed output of >100 W of average power and >100 MW of peak power with an average power compression efficiency of 88%. This simple laser system with only one ultrafast laser oscillator and a simple single-pass fiber pulse compressor, generating both high peak power >100 MW and sub-100-fs pulses at megahertz repetition rate, is very int...

Emaury, Florian; Debord, Benoit; Ghosh, Debashri; Diebold, Andreas; Gerome, Frederic; Suedmeyer, Thomas; Benabid, Fetah; Keller, Ursula

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Shock compression of low-density foams  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Shock compression of very low density micro-cellular materials allows entirely new regimes of hot fluid states to be investigated experimentally. Using a two-stage light-gas gun to generate strong shocks, temperatures of several eV are readily achieved at densities of roughly 0.5--1 g/cm{sup 3} in large, uniform volumes. The conditions in these hot, expanded fluids are readily found using the Hugoniot jump conditions. We will briefly describe the basic methodology for sample preparation and experimental measurement of shock velocities. We present data for several materials over a range of initial densities. This paper will explore the applications of these methods for investigations of equations of state and phase diagrams, spectroscopy, and plasma physics. Finally, we discus the need for future work on these and related low-density materials.

Holmes, N.C.

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Seneca Compressed Air Energy Storage (CAES) Project  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report provides a review and an analysis of potential environmental justice areas that could be affected by the New York State Electric & Gas (NYSEG) compress air energy storage (CAES) project and identifies existing environmental burden conditions on the area and evaluates additional burden of any significant adverse environmental impact. The review assesses the socioeconomic and demographic conditions of the area surrounding the proposed CAES facility in Schuyler County, New York. Schuyler County is one of 62 counties in New York. Schuyler County’s 2010 population of 18,343 makes it one of the least populated counties in the State (U.S. Census Bureau, 2010). This report was prepared for WorleyParsons by ERM and describes the study area investigated, methods and criteria used to evaluate this area, and the findings and conclusions from the evaluation.

None

2012-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

389

Combustion dynamics in steady compressible flows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the evolution of a reactive field advected by a one-dimensional compressible velocity field and subject to an ignition-type nonlinearity. In the limit of small molecular diffusivity the problem can be described by a spatially discretized system, and this allows for an efficient numerical simulation. If the initial field profile is supported in a region of size l < lc one has quenching, i.e., flame extinction, where lc is a characteristic length-scale depending on the system parameters (reacting time, molecular diffusivity and velocity field). We derive an expression for lc in terms of these parameters and relate our results to those obtained by other authors for different flow settings.

S. Berti; D. Vergni; A. Vulpiani

2008-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

390

Quantum Bootstrapping via Compressed Quantum Hamiltonian Learning  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Recent work has shown that quantum simulation is a valuable tool for learning empirical models for quantum systems. We build upon these results by showing that a small quantum simulators can be used to characterize and learn control models for larger devices for wide classes of physically realistic Hamiltonians. This leads to a new application for small quantum computers: characterizing and controlling larger quantum computers. Our protocol achieves this by using Bayesian inference in concert with Lieb-Robinson bounds and interactive quantum learning methods to achieve compressed simulations for characterization. Whereas Fisher information analysis shows that current methods which employ short-time evolution are suboptimal, interactive quantum learning allows us to overcome this limitation. We illustrate the efficiency of our bootstrapping protocol by showing numerically that an 8-qubit Ising model simulator can be used to calibrate and control a 50 qubit Ising simulator while using only about 750 kilobits of experimental data.

Nathan Wiebe; Christopher Granade; David G. Cory

2015-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

391

Design of High Luminosity Ring-Ring Electron- Light Ion Collider at CEBAF  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Experimental studies of fundamental structure of nucleons require an electron-ion collider of a center-of-mass energy up to 90 GeV at luminosity up to 1035 cm-2s-1 with both beams polarized. A CEBAF-based collider of 9 GeV electrons/positrons and 225 GeV ions is envisioned to meet this science need and as a next step for CEBAF after the planned 12 GeV energy upgrade of the fixed target program. A ring-ring scheme of this collider developed recently takes advantage of the existing polarized electron CW beam from the CEBAF and a green-field design of an ion complex with electron cooling. We present a conceptual design and report design studies of this high-luminosity collider.

Slawomir Bogacz; Antje Bruell; Jean Delayen; Yaroslav Derbenev; Rolf Ent; Joseph Grames; Andrew Hutton; Geoffrey Krafft; Rui Li; Nikolitsa Merminga; Benard Poelker; Bogdan Wojtsekhowski; Byung Yunn; Yuhong Zhang; C Montag

2007-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

392

Updating the Tyrol tree-ring dataset , U. Bntgen1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Updating the Tyrol tree-ring dataset J. Esper1 , U. Büntgen1 , D. Frank1 , T. Pichler2 , K in palaeoclimatology The Tyrol dataset is a collection of 71 Picea abies ring width measurement series from the study area in Tyrol in the central Alps. We here describe efforts of updating this relevant dataset

Nicolussi, Kurt

393

A Database of Invariant Rings Gregor Kemper, Elmar K  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Database of Invariant Rings Gregor Kemper, Elmar K Ë? ording, Gunter Malle, B. Heinrich Matzat, Denis Vogel, and Gabor Wiese CONTENTS 1. Introduction 2. Concepts of the Database 3. An Example Session/8­2 (``Invariantentheorie endlicher Gruppen''). We announce the creation of a database of invariant rings. This database

Malle, Gunter

394

Magnetic properties of small multi-layered rings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Thin film rings can be an alternative geometry of magnetic memory cells, in which data bits are stored by the chirality of the flux-closed or 'vortex' state of the ring. The absence of the stray field in the vortex state ...

Jung, Wonjoon

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Design and Evaluation of Hierarchical Rings with Deflection Routing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

that enable us to mostly maintain the simplicity of traditional simple ring topologies while providing higher of several MUXes to allow traffic to enter and leave, and one pipeline register. Its latency is typically and commercial multicore processors have utilized ring

Mutlu, Onur

396

Transverse Feedback in a 100 TeV Storage Ring  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Proceedings Transverse Feedback in a 100 TeV Storage Ring G.DE93 001571 TRANSVERSE FEEDBACK IN A 100 TeV STORAGE RING*IS UNLIMITED r-t_9. TRANSVERSE FEEDBACK IN A 100 TeV STORAGE

Lambertson, G.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Marshall's and Milnor's Conjectures for Preordered von Neumann Regular Rings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Marshall's and Milnor's Conjectures for Preordered von Neumann Regular Rings M. Dickmann F a proper preorder T, satisfies Marshall's signature conjecture and Milnor's Witt ring conjecture (for result can be summarized as follows: 1) Marshall's signature conjecture was proved in [DM1

398

Loss Factor of the PEP-II Rings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An RF power balance method is used to measure the synchrotron radiation losses and the wake field losses. We present the history of the losses in the Low Energy Ring (LER) and the High Energy Ring (HER) during the last several runs of PEP-II.

Novokhatski, A; Sullivan, M.; /SLAC

2008-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

399

Hybrid Vapor Compression Adsorption System: Thermal Storage Using Hybrid Vapor Compression Adsorption System  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

HEATS Project: UTRC is developing a new climate-control system for EVs that uses a hybrid vapor compression adsorption system with thermal energy storage. The targeted, closed system will use energy during the battery-charging step to recharge the thermal storage, and it will use minimal power to provide cooling or heating to the cabin during a drive cycle. The team will use a unique approach of absorbing a refrigerant on a metal salt, which will create a lightweight, high-energy-density refrigerant. This unique working pair can operate indefinitely as a traditional vapor compression heat pump using electrical energy, if desired. The project will deliver a hot-and-cold battery that provides comfort to the passengers using minimal power, substantially extending the driving range of EVs.

None

2012-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

400

Variable valve timing in a homogenous charge compression ignition engine  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention relates generally to the field of homogenous charge compression ignition engines, in which fuel is injected when the cylinder piston is relatively close to the bottom dead center position for its compression stroke. The fuel mixes with air in the cylinder during the compression stroke to create a relatively lean homogeneous mixture that preferably ignites when the piston is relatively close to the top dead center position. However, if the ignition event occurs either earlier or later than desired, lowered performance, engine misfire, or even engine damage, can result. The present invention utilizes internal exhaust gas recirculation and/or compression ratio control to control the timing of ignition events and combustion duration in homogeneous charge compression ignition engines. Thus, at least one electro-hydraulic assist actuator is provided that is capable of mechanically engaging at least one cam actuated intake and/or exhaust valve.

Lawrence, Keith E.; Faletti, James J.; Funke, Steven J.; Maloney, Ronald P.

2004-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ring compression testing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Utilization of CO2 as cushion gas for porous media compressed air energy storage  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

design of compressed air energy storage electric powerS and Williams RH, Compressed Air Energy Storage: Theory,Porous media compressed air energy storage (PM-CAES): theory

Oldenburg, C.M.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

402

Economic and Technical Tradeoffs Between Open and Closed Cycle Vapor Compression Evaporators  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

compressor. The blowers and centrifugal compressors used for steam recompression are limited to compression ratios of around 2:1 in a single stage. This compression ratio is perfectly adequate for many applications. But if a larger driving force with a... higher compression ratio is desired. two or more compression stages must be used resulting in sig nificantly increased compressor costs. Closed Cycle Vapor Compression A schematic of a closed cycle vapor compression evaporator is shown in Figure 3...

Timm, M. L.

403

Large Scale Triaxial Testing of Mechanically Stabilized Earth Retaining Wall Backfill  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

3.2.1 Sample Preparation : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 16 3.2.2 Testing : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 21 4 DATA INTERPRETATION : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 23 4.1 Data..., the test apparatus was designed with a 7.5-inch interior diameter acrylic chamber thus limiting the test specimen diameter to 6-inches. Following ASTM D7181 Standard Test Method for Consolidated Drained Triaxial Compression Test for Soils (ASTM, 2011...

Garton, Mackenzie

2013-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

404

Development of Ring Imaging Cherenkov Detectors for LHCb  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The work described in this thesis has been carried out in the framework of the development program of the Ring Imaging Cherenkov (RICH) detectors of the LHCb experiment. LHCb will operate at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN, and it will perform a wide range of measurements in the b-hadrons realm. The extensive study of CP violation and rare decays in the b-hadron system are the main goals of the experiment. An introduction to CP violation in hadronic interactions is given in chapter 1. The high b-b bar production cross section at the LHC energy will provide an unprecedented amount of data which will give LHCb a unique opportunity for precision tests on a large set of physics channels as well as a promising discovery potential for sources of CP violation arising from physics beyond the Standard Model. The experiment is designed in such a way to optimally match the kinematic structure of events where a pair of b quarks is produced in the collision between to 7 GeV protons. Chapter 2 is devoted to an overview o...

Bellunato, T; Matteuzzi, C

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

DEVELOPMENT AND TESTING OF A PRE-PROTOTYPE RAMGEN ENGINE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The research and development effort of a new kind of compressor and engine is presented. The superior performance of these two products arises from the superior performance of rotating supersonic shock-wave compression. Several tasks were performed in compliance with the DOE award objectives. A High Risk Technology review was conducted and evaluated by a team of 20 senior engineers and scientists representing various branches of the federal government. The conceptual design of a compression test rig, test rotors, and test cell adaptor was completed. The work conducted lays the foundation for the completed design and testing of the compression test rig, and the design of a supersonic shock-wave compressor matched to a conventional combustor and turbine.

Aaron Koopman

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

E-Print Network 3.0 - aps storage ring Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

total distance from the beginning... in the storage ring and the injector to ring beam line. The magnet locations in the synchrotron are not shown... the Storage Ring. 12;) (...

407

High efficiency coarse-grained customised dynamically reconfigurable architecture for digital image processing and compression technologies   

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Digital image processing and compression technologies have significant market potential, especially the JPEG2000 standard which offers outstanding codestream flexibility and high compression ratio. Strong demand for ...

Zhao, Xin

2012-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

408

Lung Toxicity and Mutagenicity of Emissions From Heavy-Duty Compressed...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Lung Toxicity and Mutagenicity of Emissions From Heavy-Duty Compressed Natural Gas (CNG)-Powered Vehicles Lung Toxicity and Mutagenicity of Emissions From Heavy-Duty Compressed...

409

E-Print Network 3.0 - acute compression fracture Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

compression fracture Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: acute compression fracture Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 1. RESERVOIR...

410

VISCOSITY IN PLANETARY RINGS WITH SPINNING SELF-GRAVITATING PARTICLES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Using local N-body simulation, we examine viscosity in self-gravitating planetary rings. We investigate the dependence of viscosity on various parameters in detail, including the effects of particle surface friction. In the case of self-gravitating rings with low optical depth, viscosity is determined by particle random velocity. Inclusion of surface friction slightly reduces both random velocity and viscosity when particle random velocity is determined by inelastic collisions, while surface friction slightly increases viscosity when gravitational encounters play a major role in particle velocity evolution, so that viscous heating balances with increased energy dissipation at collisions due to surface friction. We find that including surface friction changes viscosity in dilute rings up to a factor of about two. In the case of self-gravitating dense rings, viscosity is significantly increased due to the effects of gravitational wakes, and we find that varying restitution coefficients also change viscosity in such dense rings by a factor of about two. We confirm that our numerical results for viscosity in dense rings with gravitational wakes can be well approximated by a semianalytic expression that is consistent with a previously obtained formula. However, we find that this formula seems to overestimate viscosity in dense rings far from the central planet, where temporary gravitational aggregates form. We derive semianalytic expressions that reproduce our numerical results well for the entire range of examined parameters.

Yasui, Yuki; Ohtsuki, Keiji [Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Kobe University, Kobe 657-8501 (Japan); Daisaka, Hiroshi [Graduate School of Commerce and Management, Hitotsubashi University, Tokyo 186-8601 (Japan)

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

411

EFFECT OF COMPRESSION ON CONDUCTIVITY AND MORPHOLOGY OF PFSA MEMBRANES  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Polymer-Electrolyte-Fuel-Cells (PEFCs) are promising candidates for powering vehicles and portable devices using renewable-energy sources. The core of a PEFC is the solid electrolyte membrane that conducts protons from anode to cathode, where water is generated. The conductivity of the membrane, however, depends on the water content of the membrane, which is strongly related to the cell operating conditions. The membrane and other cell components are typically compressed to minimize various contact resistances. Moreover, the swelling of a somewhat constrained membrane in the cell due to the humidity changes generates additional compressive stresses in the membrane. These external stresses are balanced by the internal swelling pressure of the membrane and change the swelling equilibrium. It was shown using a fuel-cell setup that compression could reduce the water content of the membrane or alter the cell resistance. Nevertheless, the effect of compression on the membrane’s transport properties is yet to be understood, as well as its implications in the structure-functions relationships of the membrane. We previously studied, both experimentally and theoretically, how compression affects the water content of the membrane.6 However, more information is required the gain a fundamental understanding of the compression effects. In this talk, we present the results of our investigation on the in-situ conductivity of the membrane as a function of humidity and cell compression pressure. Moreover, to better understand the morphology of compressed membrane, small-angle X-ray-scattering (SAXS) experiments were performed. The conductivity data is then analyzed by investigating the size of the water domains of the compressed membrane determined from the SAXS measurements.

Kusoglu, Ahmet; Weber, Adam; Jiang, Ruichin; Gittleman, Craig

2011-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

412

The Leo Archipelago: A System of Earth-Rings for Communications, Mass-Transport to Space, Solar Power, and Control of Global Warming  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A multi-purpose low-earth-orbit system of rings circling the earth - the "LEO ARCHIPELAGO" - is proposed as a means of solving or bypassing many major problems hindering man's quest to get into space. A fiber-optic ring about the earth would be an initial testing and developmental stage for the ring systems, while providing cash-flow through a LEO-based, high-band-width, world-wide communication system. A Low-Earth-Orbit-based space-elevator system, "Sling-on-a-Ring," is proposed as the crucial developmental stage of the LEO Archipelago. Being a LEO-based heavy-mass lifter, rather than earth- or GEO-based, it is much less massive and therefore less costly than other proposed space-elevators. With the advent of lower-cost, higher-mass transport to orbit, the options for further space development (e.g., communications, space solar power, radiation dampers, sun shades, and permanent LEO habitation) are greatly expanded. This paper provides an update of the Sling-on-a-Ring concept in terms of new materials, potential applications, and trade-offs associated with an earlier model. The impact of Colossal Carbon Tubes, CCT, a material with high tensile strength, extremely-low density, and other favorable properties and new technologies (e.g., solar-powered lasers, power beaming to near-space and earth, and thermal-control systems) on the development of associated LEO-Ring systems (e.g., "Solar-Shade Rings" and "Power Rings") is also explored. The material's effect on the timeline for the system development indicates the feasibility of near-term implementation of the system (possibly within the decade). The Sling-on-a-Ring can provide a less-expensive, environment-friendly, mode of access to space. This would pave the way (via eventual operation at >1000 tonnes per day by 2050) for large scale development of space-based technologies.

Andrew Meulenberg; Karthik Balaji

2010-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

413

Ring fission of anthracene by a eukaryota  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ligninolytic fungi are unique among eukaryotes in their ability to degrade polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), but the mechanism for this process is unknown. Although certain PAHs are oxidized in vitro by the fungal lignin peroxidases (LiPs) that catalyze ligninolysis, it has never been shown that LiPs initiate PAH degradation in vivo. To address these problems, the metabolism of anthracene (AC) and its in vitro oxidation product, 9,10-anthraquinone (AQ), was examined by chromatographic and isotope dilution techniques in Phanerochaete chrysosporium. The fungal oxidation of AC to AQ was rapid, and both AC and AQ were significantly mineralized. Both compounds were cleaved by the fungus to give the same ring-fission metabolite, phthalic acid, and phthalate production from AQ was shown to occur only under ligninolytic culture conditions. These results show that the major pathway for AC degradation in Phanerochaete proceeds AC -> AQ -> phthalate + CO2 and that it is probably mediated by LiPs and other enzymes of ligninolytic metabolism.

Hammel, K.E.; Green, B.; Gai, W.Z.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Ring fission of anthracene by a eukaryote  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ligninolytic fungi are unique among eukaryotes in their ability to degrade polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), but the mechanism for this process is unknown. Although certain PAHs are oxidized in vitro by the fungal lignin peroxidases (LiPs) that catalyze ligninolysis, it has never been shown that LiPs initiate PAH degradation in vivo. To address these problems, the metabolism of anthracene (AC) and its in vitro oxidation product, 9,10-anthraquinone (AQ), was examined by chromatographic and isotope dilution techniques in Phanerochaete chrysosporium. The fungal oxidation of AC to AQ was rapid, and both AC and AQ were significantly mineralized. Both compounds were cleaved by the fungus to give the same ring-fission metabolite, phthalic acid, and phthalate production from AQ was shown to occur only under ligninolytic culture conditions. These results show that the major pathway for AC degradation in Phanerochaete proceeds AC {yields} AQ {yields} phthalate + CO{sub 2} and that it is probably mediated by LiPs and other enzymes of ligninolytic metabolism.

Hammel, K.E.; Green, B.; Wen Zhi Gai (State Univ. of New York, Syracuse (United States))

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

E-Print Network 3.0 - accelerated vortex ring Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

left behind... forces were derived from the vortex rings, assuming all propulsive energy to be compiled in the rings... , ending up in a separate vortex ... Source:...

416

Portable and Transparent Message Compression in MPI Libraries to Improve the Performance and Scalability of Parallel Applications  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The goal of this project has been to develop a lossless compression algorithm for message-passing libraries that can accelerate HPC systems by reducing the communication time. Because both compression and decompression have to be performed in software in real time, the algorithm has to be extremely fast while still delivering a good compression ratio. During the first half of this project, they designed a new compression algorithm called FPC for scientific double-precision data, made the source code available on the web, and published two papers describing its operation, the first in the proceedings of the Data Compression Conference and the second in the IEEE Transactions on Computers. At comparable average compression ratios, this algorithm compresses and decompresses 10 to 100 times faster than BZIP2, DFCM, FSD, GZIP, and PLMI on the three architectures tested. With prediction tables that fit into the CPU's L1 data acache, FPC delivers a guaranteed throughput of six gigabits per second on a 1.6 GHz Itanium 2 system. The C source code and documentation of FPC are posted on-line and have already been downloaded hundreds of times. To evaluate FPC, they gathered 13 real-world scientific datasets from around the globe, including satellite data, crash-simulation data, and messages from HPC systems. Based on the large number of requests they received, they also made these datasets available to the community (with permission of the original sources). While FPC represents a great step forward, it soon became clear that its throughput was too slow for the emerging 10 gigabits per second networks. Hence, no speedup can be gained by including this algorithm in an MPI library. They therefore changed the aim of the second half of the project. Instead of implementing FPC in an MPI library, they refocused their efforts to develop a parallel compression algorithm to further boost the throughput. After all, all modern high-end microprocessors contain multiple CPUs on a single die and will undoubtedly contain even larger numbers of CPUs in the future. Hence, a compute node in a parallel system is likely to have multiple processors per interconnection link. Thus, they investigated how to best exploit multiple CPUs to compress and decompress data for a single link, i.e., they developed a parallel version of the FPC algorithm called pFPC. On a 4-core 3 GHz Xeon system, pFPC exceeds 10 gigabits per second both in compression and decompression throughput while still reaching a compression ratio of 18%, which is reasonable for their double-precision floating-point datasets. At half this throughput, it achieves a 41% compression ratio. Moreover, the algorithm scales well to four cores and promises even higher throughputs on larger machines. Additional results and a description of the pFPC algorithm have recently been published in the proceedings of the Data Compression Conference. The C source code of pFPC is also publicly available.

David Albonesi; Martin Burtscher

2009-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

417

PROGRESS IN DESIGNING A MUON COOLING RING WITH LITHIUM LENSES.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

We discuss particle tracking simulations in a storage ring with lithium lens inserts designed for the six-dimensional phase space cooling of muons by the ionization cooling. The ring design contains one or more lithium lens absorbers for transverse cooling that transmit the beam with very small beta-function values, in addition to liquid-hydrogen wedge-shaped absorbers in dispersive locations for longitudinal cooling. Such a ring could comprise the final component of a cooling system for use in a muon collider. The beam matching between dipole-quadrupole lattices and the lithium lenses is of particular interest.

FUKUI,Y.CLINE,D.B.GARREN,A.A.KIRK,H.G.

2004-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

418

Controllable spin entanglement production in a quantum spin Hall ring  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the entanglement production in a quantum spin Hall ring geometry where electrons of opposite spins are emitted in pairs from a source and collected in two different detectors. Postselection of coincidence detector events gives rise to entanglement in the system, measurable through correlations between the outcomes in the detectors. We have chosen a geometry such that the entanglement depends on the dynamical phases picked up by the edge states as they move around the ring. In turn, the dependence of the phases on gate potential and Rashba interaction allows for a precise electrical control of the entanglement production in the ring.

Anders Ström; Henrik Johannesson; Patrik Recher

2015-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

419

Use of Slip Ring Induction Generator for Wind Power Generation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Wind energy is now firmly established as a mature technology for electricity generation. There are different types of generators that can be used for wind energy generation, among which Slip ring Induction generator proves to be more advantageous. To analyse application of Slip ring Induction generator for wind power generation, an experimental model is developed and results are studied. As power generation from natural sources is the need today and variable speed wind energy is ample in amount in India, it is necessary to study more beneficial options for wind energy generating techniques. From this need a model is developed by using Slip ring Induction generator which is a type of Asynchronous generator.

K Y Patil; D S Chavan

420

Online optimization of storage ring nonlinear beam dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We propose to optimize the nonlinear beam dynamics of existing and future storage rings with direct online optimization techniques. This approach may have crucial importance for the implementation of diffraction limited storage rings. In this paper considerations and algorithms for the online optimization approach are discussed. We have applied this approach to experimentally improve the dynamic aperture of the SPEAR3 storage ring with the robust conjugate direction search method and the particle swarm optimization method. The dynamic aperture was improved by more than 5 mm within a short period of time. Experimental setup and results are presented.

Huang, Xiaobiao

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ring compression testing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Hydrogen ICE Vehicle Testing Activities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Advanced Vehicle Testing Activity teamed with Electric Transportation Applications and Arizona Public Service to develop and monitor the operations of the APS Alternative Fuel (Hydrogen) Pilot Plant. The Pilot Plant provides 100% hydrogen, and hydrogen and compressed natural gas (H/CNG)-blended fuels for the evaluation of hydrogen and H/CNG internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicles in controlled and fleet testing environments. Since June 2002, twenty hydrogen and H/CNG vehicles have accumulated 300,000 test miles and 5,700 fueling events. The AVTA is part of the Department of Energy’s FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies Program. These testing activities are managed by the Idaho National Laboratory. This paper discusses the Pilot Plant design and monitoring, and hydrogen ICE vehicle testing methods and results.

J. Francfort; D. Karner

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Analytical bunch compression studies for FLUTE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The current article deals with analytical bunch compression studies for FLUTE whose results are compared to simulations. FLUTE is a linac-based electron accelerator with a design energy of approximately 40 MeV currently being constructed at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology. One of the goals of FLUTE is to generate electron bunches with their length lying in the femtosecond regime. In the first phase this will be accomplished using a magnetic bunch compressor. This compressor forms the subject of the studies presented. The paper is divided into three parts. The first part deals with pure geometric investigations of the bunch compressor where space charge effects and the back reaction of bunches with coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR) are neglected. The second part is dedicated to the treatment of space charge effects and the third part gives some analytical results on the emission of CSR. The upshot is that the results of the first and the third part agree quite well with what is obtained from simulatio...

Schreck, M

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Effect of Compressibility on the Annihilation Process  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Annihilation processes, where the reacting particles are influenced by some external advective field, are one of the simplest examples of nonlinear statistical systems. This type of processes can be observed in miscellaneous chemical, biological or physical systems. In low space dimensions usual description by means of kinetic rate equation is not sufficient and the effect of density fluctuations must be taken into ac- count. Using perturbative renormalization group we study the influ- ence of random velocity field on the kinetics of single-species annihila- tion reaction at and below its critical dimension $d_c = 2$. The advecting velocity field is modelled by the self-similar in space Gaussian variable finite correlated in time (Antonov-Kraichnan model). Effect of the compressibility of velocity field is taken into account and the model is analyzed near its critical dimension by means of three-parameter expansion in $\\epsilon$, $\\Delta$ and $\\eta$. Here $\\epsilon$ is the deviation from the Kolmogorov scaling, $\\Delta$ is the deviation from the (critical) space dimension 2 and {\\eta} is the deviation from the parabolic dispersion law. Depending on the value of these exponents and the value of compressiblity parameter {\\alpha}, the studied model can exhibit various asymptotic (long-time) regimes corresponding to the infrared (IR) fixed points of the renormalization group. The possible regimes are summarized and the decay rates for the mean particle number are calculated in the leading order of the perturbation theory.

Michal Hnati?; Juha Honkonen; TomᚠLu?ivjanský

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

A RING E3?substrate complex poised for ubiquitin-like protein transfer: structural insights into cullin-RING ligases  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

How RING E3 ligases mediate E2-to-substrate ubiquitin-like protein (UBL) transfer remains unknown. Here we address how the RING E3 RBX1 positions NEDD8's E2 (UBC12) and substrate (CUL1). We find that existing structures are incompatible with CUL1 NEDD8ylation and report a new conformation of RBX1 that places UBC12 adjacent to CUL1. We propose RING domain rotation as a general mechanism for UBL transfer for the largest family of E3s.

Calabrese, Matthew F.; Scott, Daniel C.; Duda, David M.; Grace, Christy R.R.; Kurinov, Igor; Kriwacki, Richard W.; Schulman, Brenda A. (Cornell); (SJCH)

2011-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

425

Representation and compression of multidimensional piecewise functions using surflets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We study the representation, approximation, and compression of functions in M dimensions that consist of constant or smooth regions separated by smooth (M-1)-dimensional discontinuities. Examples include images containing ...

Chandrasekaran, Venkat

426

Heat release effects on decaying homogeneous compressible turbulence  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

turbulence. A good understanding of high-enthalpy compressible turbulence is crucial for analyzing the flow around re-entry spacecrafts and hypersonic flight vehicles, and inside scramjet engines. One main factor affecting turbulence in these high...

Lee, Kurn Chul

2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

427

Stresses resulting from compression of bulk cotton lint fibers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The modulus of elasticity, Poisson's ratio and shear modulus of bulk cotton lint fibers were determined. The cotton lint was compressed in an MTS machine to a predetermined density, and the resilient forces induced by the cotton lint after being...

Chimbombi, Ezekiel Maswe

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

XML Structure Compression Mark Levene and Peter Wood  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

XML Structure Compression Mark Levene and Peter Wood Birkbeck College, University of London London WC1E 7HX, U.K. {m.levene,p.wood}@dcs.bbk.ac.uk Abstract XML is becoming the universal language

Levene, Mark

429

Outphasing Energy Recovery Amplifier With Resistance Compression for Improved Efficiency  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We describe a new outphasing energy recovery amplifier (OPERA) which replaces the isolation resistor in the conventional matched combiner with a resistance-compressed rectifier for improved efficiency. The rectifier recovers ...

Godoy, Philip Andrew

430

Business Case for Compressed Natural Gas in Municipal Fleets  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report describes how NREL used the CNG Vehicle and Infrastructure Cash-Flow Evaluation (VICE) model to establish guidance for fleets making decisions about using compressed natural gas.

Johnson, C.

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Weak-strong clustering transition in renewing compressible flows  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We investigate the statistical properties of Lagrangian tracers transported by a time-correlated compressible renewing flow. We show that the preferential sampling of the phase space performed by tracers yields significant differences between the Lagrangian statistics and its Eulerian counterpart. In particular, the effective compressibility experienced by tracers has a non-trivial dependence on the time correlation of the flow. We examine the consequence of this phenomenon on the clustering of tracers, focusing on the transition from the weak- to the strong-clustering regime. We find that the critical compressibility at which the transition occurs is minimum when the time correlation of the flow is of the order of the typical eddy turnover time. Further, we demonstrate that the clustering properties in time-correlated compressible flows are non-universal and are strongly influenced by the spatio-temporal structure of the velocity field.

Ajinkya Dhanagare; Stefano Musacchio; Dario Vincenzi

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Fuel effects in homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) engines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Homogenous-charge, compression-ignition (HCCI) combustion is a new method of burning fuel in internal combustion (IC) engines. In an HCCI engine, the fuel and air are premixed prior to combustion, like in a spark-ignition ...

Angelos, John P. (John Phillip)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Global Inference for Sentence Compression: An Integer Linear Programming Approach   

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this thesis we develop models for sentence compression. This text rewriting task has recently attracted a lot of attention due to its relevance for applications (e.g., summarisation) and simple formulation by means ...

Clarke, James

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Grid adaptation for functional outputs of compressible flow simulations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An error correction and grid adaptive method is presented for improving the accuracy of functional outputs of compressible flow simulations. The procedure is based on an adjoint formulation in which the estimated error in ...

Venditti, David Anthony, 1973-

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Mission Design for Compressive Sensing with Mobile Robots  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper considers mission design strategies for mobile robots whose task is to perform spatial sampling of a static environmental field, in the framework of compressive sensing. According to this theory, we can reconstruct ...

Hummel, Robert

436

High compression ratio turbo gasoline engine operation using alcohol enhancement  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Gasoline - ethanol blends were explored as a strategy to mitigate engine knock, a phenomena in spark ignition engine combustion when a portion of the end gas is compressed to the point of spontaneous auto-ignition. This ...

Lewis, Raymond (Raymond A.)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Pre-In-Plant Training Webinar (Compressed Air)  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This pre-In-Plant training webinar for the Better Plants Program covers the basics of finding energy savings in Compressed Air systems and introduces the AIRMaster+ software tool.

438

Copper laser modulator driving assembly including a magnetic compression laser  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A laser modulator (10) having a low voltage assembly (12) with a plurality of low voltage modules (14) with first stage magnetic compression circuits (20) and magnetic assist inductors (28) with a common core (91), such that timing of the first stage magnetic switches (30b) is thereby synchronized. A bipolar second stage of magnetic compression (42) is coupled to the low voltage modules (14) through a bipolar pulse transformer (36) and a third stage of magnetic compression (44) is directly coupled to the second stage of magnetic compression (42). The low voltage assembly (12) includes pressurized boxes (117) for improving voltage standoff between the primary winding assemblies (34) and secondary winding (40) contained therein.

Cook, Edward G. (Livermore, CA); Birx, Daniel L. (Oakley, CA); Ball, Don G. (Livermore, CA)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

TECHNOLOGIES TO ENHANCE OPERATION OF THE EXISTING NATURAL GAS COMPRESSION INFRASTRUCTURE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents work performed in the first quarter of the project entitled: ''Technologies to Enhance Operation of the Existing Natural Gas Compression Infrastructure''. The project objective is to develop and substantiate methods for operating integral engine/compressors in gas pipeline service, which reduce fuel consumption, increase capacity, and enhance mechanical integrity. The report describes the following work: preparation and submission of the Research Management Plan; preparation and submission of the Technology Status Assessment; attendance at the Project Kick-Off meeting at DOE-NETL; formation of the Industry Advisory Committee (IAC) for the project; preparation of the Test Plan; acquisition and assembly of the data acquisition system (DAS).

Anthony J. Smalley; Ralph E. Harris

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

THE HOCHSCHILD COHOMOLOGY RING OF REGULAR MAXIMAL PRIMITIVE QUOTIENTS OF  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-algebra A we mean just the ring HHo(A) = Ext oA Aopp(A, A) of self-extensions of A considered as an A k Aopp

Soergel, Wolfgang

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ring compression testing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Algebraic series and valuation rings over nonclosed fields  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Suppose that $k$ is an arbitrary field. Consider the field $k((x_1,...,x_n))$, which is the quotient field of the ring $k[[x_1,...,x_n

Cutkosky, Steven Dale

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Ring Involutions and Self-Dual Codes Jay A. Wood  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ring Involutions and Self-Dual Codes Jay A. Wood Department of Mathematics Western Michigan University jay.wood@wmich.edu AMS meeting, Lexington, Kentucky March 27, 2010 #12;Acknowledgments Much

Wood, Jay

443

Characters and finite Frobenius rings Jay A. Wood  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Characters and finite Frobenius rings Jay A. Wood Department of Mathematics Western Michigan-modules; 3. R = R as right R-modules. Due independently to Hirano, 1997, and Wood, 1999. JW (WMU) Frobenius

Wood, Jay

444

Power Series Over Noetherian Rings February 4, 2013 William ...  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Feb 4, 2013 ... ian rings and of the induced spectral maps associated with various ...... algebraic independence of ?1 over R, we have ht( ?P ?R1) = 1, and so ...

2013-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

445

A Shallow Attenuating Anomaly Inside The Ring Fracture Of The...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Shallow Attenuating Anomaly Inside The Ring Fracture Of The Valles Caldera, New Mexico Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Journal Article: A Shallow...

446

Two Nerds . . . One Love . . . and A Great Golden Ring | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

who told her to check out a rare crystalline deposit that had been discovered in the heart of the RHIC. The crystal was a diamond ring, and Dave was there too. And yes, Kendra...

447

Fermilab Muon Ring Arrives to a Large Crowd of Fans  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A very large group of people gathered to watch the muon g-2 ring on its last leg of the big move from Brookhaven National Laboratory in Long Island, NY to Fermilab in Batavia, IL.

None

2013-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

448

Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Dynein Motor Domain Shows Ring-Shaped Motor, Buttress Print Movement is fundamental to life. It takes place even at the cellular level where cargo is continually being transported...

449

Migration Strategies towards All Optical Metropolitan Access Rings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

, in order to cope with the traffic increase and, most importantly, in order to reduce the CAPEX and OPEX reducing the CAPEX and OPEX of existing active technologies based on SDH/SONET rings and Ethernet star

Aracil, Javier

450

TIGHT CLOSURE IN GRADED RINGS Karen E. Smith \\Lambda  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

TIGHT CLOSURE IN GRADED RINGS Karen E. Smith \\Lambda Abstract. This paper facilitates is supported by the U.S. National Science Foundation. Typeset by A M S­T E X 1 #12; 2 KAREN E. SMITH \\Lambda

Smith, Karen E.

451

Graphene Layer Growth Chemistry: Five-Six-Ring Flip Reaction  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

are incorporated into growing graphene layers and hence willGRAPHENE LAYER GROWTH CHEMISTRY: FIVE-SIX-RING FLIP REACTIONon the zigzag edge of a graphene layer. A new reaction

Whitesides, R.; Domin, D.; Salomon-Ferrer, R.; Lester Jr., W.A.; Frenklach, M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Frequency stabilization for a 486nm dye-ring laser  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

For my thesis, I worked towards using two reference cavities to provide frequency stabilization to a 486nm dye-ring laser. After a doubling cavity doubles the frequency to 243nm, the laser beam is used to excite ground ...

Sievers, Charles A. (Charles Anders), 1979-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Effect of three-dimensionality on compressible mixing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Existing experimental data and hypotheses on the growth rates of compressible and incompressible turbulent shear layers are used to estimate the effect of three-dimensionality in the turbulent mixing enhancement in compressible shear flows that is critically important to the efficiency of scramjet powerplants. The general trend is found to be a decrease in growth rate with increasing three-dimensionality, excepting only the restricted regime, where the growth-rate increase is modest. 9 refs.

Papamoschou, D. (California, University, Irvine (United States))

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Efficiency of compressed-air systems. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The program undertaken by this contract is intended to quantify the current state of knowledge in American industry concerning the energy efficient design and operation of industrial compressed air systems and system components. Since there is no standard reference for designers and operators of compressed air systems which provides guidelines for maximizing the energy efficiency of these systems, a major product of this contract was the preparation of a guidebook for this purpose.

Not Available

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

The Many Faces of a Compressed Air Audit  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

with independent compressed air consultant organizations. Energy Audits Supplied by DOE-Sponsored University Students University students led by their instructors as part of their training perform these studies. Often the reports are accurate about...Air Power USA, Inc. PO Box 292 Pickerington, OH 43147 740 862-4112 740 862-8464 (Fax) www.airpowerusainc.com THE MANY FACES OF A COMPRESSED AIR AUDIT Industrial Energy Technology Conference May 9-12, 2006 New Orleans, LA Today...

Kemp, H. L.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Two-phase compressibility factors for retrograde gases  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of a liquid phase. Gas compressibility factors are used in the gas material balance equations. These equations are used to estimate initial gas in place and reserves. Normally gas compressibility factors are used when a reservoir fluid depletion.... 0 on a material balance plot. Dake's equation has limited usefulness because the initial gas in place G is an unknown in the field. Also note that Gp at the abandonment pressure is the ultimate reserves of the reservoir. We can also derive...

Rayes, Daniel George

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Hot compression process for making edge seals for fuel cells  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A hot compression process for forming integral edge seals in anode and cade assemblies wherein the assemblies are made to a nominal size larger than a finished size, beads of AFLAS are applied to a band adjacent the peripheral margins on both sides of the assemblies, the assemblies are placed in a hot press and compressed for about five minutes with a force sufficient to permeate the peripheral margins with the AFLAS, cooled and cut to finished size.

Dunyak, Thomas J. (Blacksburg, VA); Granata, Jr., Samuel J. (South Greensburg, PA)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Interaction region design for a ring ring version of the LHEC study  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The LHeC aims at colliding hadron-lepton beams with center of mass energies in the TeV scale. For this purpose the existing LHC storage ring is extended by a high energy electron accelerator in the energy range of 60 to 140 GeV. The electron beam will be accelerated and stored in a LEP like storage ring in the LHC tunnel. In this paper we present the layout of the interaction region which has to deliver at the same time well matched beam optics and an efficient separation of the electron and proton beams. In general the large momentum difference of the two colliding beams provides a very elegant way to solve this problem: A focusing scheme that leads to the required beamsizes of the electrons and protons is combined with an early but gentle beam separation to avoid parasitic beam encounters and still keep the synchrotron radiation level in the IR within reasonable limits. We present in this paper two versions of this concept: A high luminosity layout where the mini ? magnets are embedded into the detector de...

Appleby, R B; Dainton, J; Holzer, B; Bettoni, S; Bruning, O; Russenschuck, S H; Kostka, P; Kling, A; Nagorny, B; Schneekloth, U; Polini, A; Klein, M

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Instability issues for the ESS linac and rings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Comments are made on beam instability issues in the ESS linac and rings. The topics of interest in the linac are halo generation in the absence and presence of machine imperfections, and also the stability of the momentum ramping of the output beam. In the case of the rings, the main concern is for fast coherent transverse instabilities due to the combined effect of coupled electron-proton oscillations and interaction with the wall impedances.

Rees, G. H. [Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, CLRC (United Kingdom)

1999-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

460

Minimal left ideals of centralizer near-rings  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MINIMAL LEFT IDEALS OF CENTRALIZER NEAR- RINGS A Thesis by DEBBIE IRENE GILLIAM Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1981 Major... Subject: Mathematics NINIMAL LEFT IDEALS OF CENTRALIZER NEAR-RINGS A Thesis by DEBBIE IRENE GILLIAN Approved as to style and content by: Chai n of Committee Co-Chairman Head of D rtment) ember Nembe August 1981 ABSTRACT Minimal Left Ideals...

Gilliam, Debbie Irene

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ring compression testing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Analysis of floating multi-ring oil seals  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

ANALYSIS OF FLOATING MULTI-RING OIL SEALS A Thesis by JULIO ENRIQUE SEMANATE NEGRETE Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December... 1992 Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering ANALYSIS OF FLOATING MULTI-RING OIL SEALS by JULIO ENRIQUE SEMANATE NEGRETE Approved as to style and content by: ( hair of Committee) e on (Member) . Pal zolo (Member) +ovWa ter L. Bradley (Head...

Semanate Negrete, Julio Enrique

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

TECHNOLOGIES TO ENHANCE THE OPERATION OF EXISTING NATURAL GAS COMPRESSION INFRASTRUCTURE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This quarterly report documents work performed under Tasks 15, 16, and 18 through 23 of the project entitled: ''Technologies to Enhance the Operation of Existing Natural Gas Compression Infrastructure''. The project objective is to develop and substantiate methods for operating integral engine/compressors in gas pipeline service, which reduce fuel consumption, increase capacity, and enhance mechanical integrity. The report first documents a survey site test performed on a TCVC10 engine/compressor installed at Dominion's Groveport Compressor Station. This test completes planned screening efforts designed to guide selection of one or more units for design analysis and testing with emphasis on identification and reduction of compressor losses. The report further presents the validation of the simulation model for the Air Balance tasks and outline of conceptual manifold designs.

Anthony J. Smalley; Ralph E. Harris; Gary D. Bourn; Danny M. Deffenbaugh

2005-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

463

Dual-etalon cavity ring-down frequency-comb spectroscopy with broad band light source  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

In an embodiment, a dual-etalon cavity-ring-down frequency-comb spectrometer system is described. A broad band light source is split into two beams. One beam travels through a first etalon and a sample under test, while the other beam travels through a second etalon, and the two beams are recombined onto a single detector. If the free spectral ranges ("FSR") of the two etalons are not identical, the interference pattern at the detector will consist of a series of beat frequencies. By monitoring these beat frequencies, optical frequencies where light is absorbed may be determined.

Chandler, David W; Strecker, Kevin E

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Selective document image data compression technique  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of storing information from filled-in form-documents comprises extracting the unique user information in the foreground from the document form information in the background. The contrast of the pixels is enhanced by a gamma correction on an image array, and then the color value of each of pixel is enhanced. The color pixels lying on edges of an image are converted to black and an adjacent pixel is converted to white. The distance between black pixels and other pixels in the array is determined, and a filled-edge array of pixels is created. User information is then converted to a two-color format by creating a first two-color image of the scanned image by converting all pixels darker than a threshold color value to black. All the pixels that are lighter than the threshold color value to white. Then a second two-color image of the filled-edge file is generated by converting all pixels darker than a second threshold value to black and all pixels lighter than the second threshold color value to white. The first two-color image and the second two-color image are then combined and filtered to smooth the edges of the image. The image may be compressed with a unique Huffman coding table for that image. The image file is also decimated to create a decimated-image file which can later be interpolated back to produce a reconstructed image file using a bilinear interpolation kernel.--(235 words)

Fu, Chi-Yung (29 Cameo Way, San Francisco, CA 94131); Petrich, Loren I. (1674 Cordoba St., #4, Livermore, CA 94550)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Selective document image data compression technique  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of storing information from filled-in form-documents comprises extracting the unique user information in the foreground from the document form information in the background. The contrast of the pixels is enhanced by a gamma correction on an image array, and then the color value of each of pixel is enhanced. The color pixels lying on edges of an image are converted to black and an adjacent pixel is converted to white. The distance between black pixels and other pixels in the array is determined, and a filled-edge array of pixels is created. User information is then converted to a two-color format by creating a first two-color image of the scanned image by converting all pixels darker than a threshold color value to black. All the pixels that are lighter than the threshold color value to white. Then a second two-color image of the filled-edge file is generated by converting all pixels darker than a second threshold value to black and all pixels lighter than the second threshold color value to white. The first two-color image and the second two-color image are then combined and filtered to smooth the edges of the image. The image may be compressed with a unique Huffman coding table for that image. The image file is also decimated to create a decimated-image file which can later be interpolated back to produce a reconstructed image file using a bilinear interpolation kernel. 10 figs.

Fu, C.Y.; Petrich, L.I.

1998-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

466

Shock compression and expansion in central collisions  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Physics of central symmetric reactions of heavy nuclei, in the beam energy range from few tens of MeV to a couple of GeV per nucleon, is discussed. Within transport simulations, it is shown that shock fronts perpendicular to the beam axis form in the head-on reactions. The fronts propagate into projectile and target and they separate hot compressed matter from normal matter. With an increase of the impact parameter, the angle of inclination of fronts relative to the beam axis decreases, and in-between the fronts a weak tangential discontinuity develops. Hot matter exposed to the vacuum in directions perpendicular to the shock motion (and parallel to fronts), starts to expand sideways, early within reactions. Expansion in the direction of shock motion follows, after the shocks traverse nuclei, but due to the delay does not acquire same strength. Expansion affects angular distributions and mean-energy components, and further shapes of spectra and mean energies of different particles emitted into any one direction, and also particle yields. Both the anisotropy in the expansion and a collective motion associated with the weak discontinuity, affect the magnitude of sideward flow within reaction plane. Differences in mean particle energy components in and out of the reaction plane in semicentral collisions, depend sensitively on the relative magnitude of shock speed in normal matter and speed of sound in hot matter. The missing energy, considered in the past in association with low measured pion-multiplicity in central reactions, may be identified with the energy of collective expansion.

Danielewicz, P. [Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States). Institute for Nuclear Theory]|[Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Generalized one-dimensional, steady, compressible flow  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The present development and testing of a generalized method for analytically examining 1D steady flow of perfect gases allows area change, heat transfer, friction, and mass injection. Generalized flow functions are developed, and sample tables are calculated and tested for both simple cases and combined changes. Normal shocks are noted to occur from the supersonic portion of these loci to the subsonic portion, in a manner analogous to simple-change behavior. 9 refs.

Young, F.M. (Lamar Univ., Beaumont, TX (United States))

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Hydrodynamical Simulations of Nuclear Rings in Barred Galaxies  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Dust lanes, nuclear rings, and nuclear spirals are typical gas structures in the inner region of barred galaxies Their shapes and properties are linked to the physical parameters of the host galaxy. We use high-resolution hydrodynamical simulations to study 2D gas flows in simple barred galaxy models. The nuclear rings formed in our simulations can be divided into two groups: one group is nearly round and the other is highly elongated. We find that roundish rings may not form when the bar pattern speed is too high or the bulge central density is too low. We also study the periodic orbits in our galaxy models, and find that the concept of inner Lindblad resonance (ILR) may be generalized by the extent of $x_2$ orbits. All roundish nuclear rings in our simulations settle in the range of $x_2$ orbits (or ILRs). However, knowing the resonances is insufficient to pin down the exact location of these nuclear rings. We suggest that the backbone of round nuclear rings is the $x_2$ orbital family, i.e. round nuclear r...

Li, Zhi; Kim, Woong-Tae

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

A ring system detected around the Centaur (10199) Chariklo  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Until now, rings have been detected in the Solar System exclusively around the four giant planets. Here we report the discovery of the first minor-body ring system around the Centaur object (10199) Chariklo, a body with equivalent radius 124$\\pm$9 km. A multi-chord stellar occultation revealed the presence of two dense rings around Chariklo, with widths of about 7 km and 3 km, optical depths 0.4 and 0.06, and orbital radii 391 and 405 km, respectively. The present orientation of the ring is consistent with an edge-on geometry in 2008, thus providing a simple explanation for the dimming of Chariklo's system between 1997 and 2008, and for the gradual disappearance of ice and other absorption features in its spectrum over the same period. This implies that the rings are partially composed of water ice. These rings may be the remnants of a debris disk, which were possibly confined by embedded kilometre-sized satellites.

Braga-Ribas, F; Ortiz, J L; Snodgrass, C; Roques, F; Vieira-Martins, R; Camargo, J I B; Assafin, M; Duffard, R; Jehin, E; Pollock, J; Leiva, R; Emilio, M; Machado, D I; Colazo, C; Lellouch, E; Skottfelt, J; Gillon, M; Ligier, N; Maquet, L; Benedetti-Rossi, G; Gomes, A Ramos; Kervella, P; Monteiro, H; Sfair, R; Moutamid, M El; Tancredi, G; Spagnotto, J; Maury, A; Morales, N; Gil-Hutton, R; Roland, S; Ceretta, A; Gu, S -h; Wang, X -b; Harpsøe, K; Rabus, M; Manfroid, J; Opitom, C; Vanzi, L; Mehret, L; Lorenzini, L; Schneiter, E M; Melia, R; Lecacheux, J; Colas, F; Vachier, F; Widemann, T; Almenares, L; Sandness, R G; Char, F; Perez, V; Lemos, P; Martinez, N; Jørgensen, U G; Dominik, M; Roig, F; Reichart, D E; LaCluyze, A P; Haislip, J B; Ivarsen, K M; Moore, J P; Frank, N R; Lambas, D G

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

BAdvanced adiabatic compressed air energy storage for the article has been accepted for inclusion  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

advantages, only compressed air energy storage (“CAES”) has the storage capacity of pumped hydro, but with

Chris Bullough; Christoph Gatzen; Christoph Jakiel; Martin Koller; Andreas Nowi; Stefan Zunft; Alstom Power; Technology Centre; Leicester Le Lh

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

Paper Number (Assigned by IFPE Staff) Compressed Air Energy Storage for Offshore Wind Turbines  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

transmitting peak power levels. A solution to these issues is a novel highefficiency compressed air energy

Perry Y. Li; Eric Loth; Terrence W. Simon; James D. Van De Ven; Stephen E. Crane

472

Liquid piston gas compression James D. Van de Ven a,*, Perry Y. Li b,1  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

. As the compressed gas cools at constant pressure in a storage reservoir, the potential energy of the gas de- creases process and enables efficient energy storage through gas compression. Current applications involving piston Gas compression Air compressor Compression efficiency a b s t r a c t A liquid piston concept

Li, Perry Y.

473

A CAVITY RING-DOWN SPECTROSCOPY MERCURY CONTINUOUS EMISSION MONITOR  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Previous work on the detection of mercury using the cavity ring-down (CRD) technique has concentrated on the detection and characterization of the desired mercury transition. Interferent species present in flue gas emissions have been tested as well as a simulated flue gas stream. Additionally, work has been done on different mercury species such as the elemental and oxidized forms. The next phase of the effort deals with the actual sampling system. This sampling system will be responsible for acquiring a sample stream from the flue gas stack, taking it to the CRD cavity where it will be analyzed and returning the gas stream to the stack. In the process of transporting the sample gas stream every effort must be taken to minimize any losses of mercury to the walls of the sampling system as well as maintaining the mercury in its specific state (i.e. elemental, oxidized, or other mercury compounds). SRD first evaluated a number of commercially available sampling systems. These systems ranged from a complete sampling system to a number of individual components for specific tasks. SRD engineers used some commercially available components and designed a sampling system suited to the needs of the CRD instrument. This included components such as a pyrolysis oven to convert all forms of mercury to elemental mercury, a calibration air source to ensure mirror alignment and quality of the mirror surfaces, and a pumping system to maintain the CRD cavity pressure from atmospheric pressure (760 torr) down to about 50 torr. SRD also began evaluating methods for the CRD instrument to automatically find the center of a mercury transition. This procedure is necessary as the instrument must periodically measure the baseline losses of the cavity off of the mercury resonance and then return to the center of the transition to accurately measure the mercury concentration. This procedure is somewhat complicated due to the isotopic structure of the 254 nm mercury transition. As a result of 6 isotopes and hyperfine splittings there are 5 individual peaks that can be resolved by the CRD instrument. SRD tested a derivative method with both simulated data and actual data taken with the CRD apparatus. Initial tests indicate that this method is successful in automatically finding the center of the mercury transitions.

Christopher C. Carter, Ph.D.

2003-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

474

System using data compression and hashing adapted for use for multimedia encryption  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A system and method is disclosed for multimedia encryption. Within the system of the present invention, a data compression module receives and compresses a media signal into a compressed data stream. A data acquisition module receives and selects a set of data from the compressed data stream. And, a hashing module receives and hashes the set of data into a keyword. The method of the present invention includes the steps of compressing a media signal into a compressed data stream; selecting a set of data from the compressed data stream; and hashing the set of data into a keyword.

Coffland, Douglas R. (Livermore, CA)

2011-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

475

Matrix-Based Test Vector Decompression Using an Embedded Processor  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

-based operations that significantly reduce the amount of test data that needs to be stored on the tester on lossless compression codes have been proposed in the literature for reducing the test volume. The Burrows. In Proceedings of the 17th IEEE International Symposium on Defect and Fault Tolerance in VLSI Systems (DFT'02

Touba, Nur A.

476

ESP – Data from Restarted Life Tests of Various Silicon Materials  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Current funding has allowed the restart of testing of various silicone materials placed in Life Tests or Aging Studies from past efforts. Some of these materials have been in test since 1982, with no testing for approximately 10 years, until funding allowed the restart in FY97. Charts for the various materials at different thickness, compression, and temperature combinations illustrate trends for the load-bearing properties of the materials.

Schneider, Jim

2010-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

477

E-Print Network 3.0 - apophyseal ring fracture Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

fracture Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: apophyseal ring fracture...

478

Energy recovery during expansion of compressed gas using power plant low-quality heat sources  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A method of recovering energy from a cool compressed gas, compressed liquid, vapor, or supercritical fluid is disclosed which includes incrementally expanding the compressed gas, compressed liquid, vapor, or supercritical fluid through a plurality of expansion engines and heating the gas, vapor, compressed liquid, or supercritical fluid entering at least one of the expansion engines with a low quality heat source. Expansion engines such as turbines and multiple expansions with heating are disclosed.

Ochs, Thomas L. (Albany, OR); O'Connor, William K. (Lebanon, OR)

2006-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

479

Numerical simulation of the operation of piston rings in a reciprocating engine  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this paper, the authors present results concerning the tightness of a combustion chamber by rings placed on a piston. The authors have developed a program of simulation of the operation of rings on a piston in movement. This program takes into account: the unstationary reciprocating movement of the ring in the piston ring groove and flows of gases between the combustion chamber, volumes delimited by the set rings-piston-cylinder and the crankcase. These flows are executed in rear of the ring or directly by the clearance to the cup of the ring.

Saghir, H.; Arques, P. [Centrale School of Lyon, Ecully (France)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

480

Low Temperature Waste Immobilization Testing Vol. I  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) is evaluating low-temperature technologies to immobilize mixed radioactive and hazardous waste. Three waste forms—alkali-aluminosilicate hydroceramic cement, “Ceramicrete” phosphate-bonded ceramic, and “DuraLith” alkali-aluminosilicate geopolymer—were selected through a competitive solicitation for fabrication and characterization of waste-form properties. The three contractors prepared their respective waste forms using simulants of a Hanford secondary waste and Idaho sodium bearing waste provided by PNNL and characterized their waste forms with respect to the Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure (TCLP) and compressive strength. The contractors sent specimens to PNNL, and PNNL then conducted durability (American National Standards Institute/American Nuclear Society [ANSI/ANS] 16.1 Leachability Index [LI] and modified Product Consistency Test [PCT]) and compressive strength testing (both irradiated and as-received samples). This report presents the results of these characterization tests.

Russell, Renee L.; Schweiger, Michael J.; Westsik, Joseph H.; Hrma, Pavel R.; Smith, D. E.; Gallegos, Autumn B.; Telander, Monty R.; Pitman, Stan G.

2006-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ring compression testing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

The JPEG 2000 Still Image Compression Standard  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Organization for Standardization (ISO), the International Tele- communications Union (ITU), and the Inter, and Touradj Ebrahimi T he development of standards (emerging and es- tablished) by the International, testing and documenting the algorithm. JPEG became Draft International Standard (DIS) in 1991

Mignotte, Max

482

Research and Development Strategies for Compressed &  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

fuel cell, automotive, oil and gas, aerospace, and chemical industries) and government. Data sharing between carbon fiber and tank manufacturers and/or inexpensive standard test methods by requiring frequent spool change-outs while manufacturing high- pressure tanks. Tank manufacturing OEM

483

Word aligned bitmap compression method, data structure, and apparatus  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The Word-Aligned Hybrid (WAH) bitmap compression method and data structure is a relatively efficient method for searching and performing logical, counting, and pattern location operations upon large datasets. The technique is comprised of a data structure and methods that are optimized for computational efficiency by using the WAH compression method, which typically takes advantage of the target computing system's native word length. WAH is particularly apropos to infrequently varying databases, including those found in the on-line analytical processing (OLAP) industry, due to the increased computational efficiency of the WAH compressed bitmap index. Some commercial database products already include some version of a bitmap index, which could possibly be replaced by the WAH bitmap compression techniques for potentially increased operation speed, as well as increased efficiencies in constructing compressed bitmaps. Combined together, this technique may be particularly useful for real-time business intelligence. Additional WAH applications may include scientific modeling, such as climate and combustion simulations, to minimize search time for analysis and subsequent data visualization.

Wu, Kesheng; Shoshani, Arie; Otoo, Ekow

2004-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

484

Milnor K-theory and the graded representation ring  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Let F be a field, let G be its absolute Galois group, and let R(G, k) be the representation ring of G over a suitable field k. In this preprint we construct a ring homomorphism from the mod 2 Milnor K-theory k_*(F) to the graded ring gr R(G, k) associated to Grothendieck's \\gamma-filtration. We study this map in particular cases, as well as a related map involving the W-group of F rather than G. The latter is an isomorphism in all cases considered. Naturally this echoes the Milnor conjecture (now a theorem), which states that k_*(F) is isomorphic to the mod 2 cohomology of the absolute Galois group G, and to the graded Witt ring gr W(F). The machinery developed to obtain the above results seems to have independent interest in algebraic topology. We are led to construct an analog of the classical Chern character, which does not involve complex vector bundles and Chern classes but rather real vector bundles and Stiefel-Whitney classes. Thus we show the existence of a ring homomorphism whose source is the graded...

Guillot, Pierre

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Deciphering Climate from the Characterization of Ring Width, Carbon, and Oxygen Isotopes in Latewood Tree-Ring Cellulose, Big Thicket National Preserve, Texas, USA  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

for their help with the project. Dr. Mora gave me the opportunity to pursue a Ph.D. in tree-ring chemistry. Dr in Latewood Tree-Ring Cellulose, Big Thicket National Preserve, Texas, USA A Dissertation Presented. Grissino-Mayer mentored me as a new dendrochronologist, and is ultimately the reason I chose tree rings

Grissino-Mayer, Henri D.

486

CESR Conversion Damping Ring Studies of Electron Cloud Instabilities (CESR-TA)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the International Linear Collider, two linear accelerators will accelerate bunches of positrons and electrons to over a hundred billion electron volts and collide them in a central detector. In order to obtain useful collision rates, the bunches, each containing twenty billion particles, must be compressed to a cross section of a few nanometers by a few hundred nanometers. In order to prepare these ultra high density bunches, damping rings (DRs) are employed before the linear accelerators. The DRs take the high emittance bunches that are provided by the electron and positron sources and, through the process of radiation damping, squeeze them into ultra low emittance beams that are ready for the main linear accelerators. In the damping rings, a number of effects can prevent the successful preparation of the beams. In the electron ring, an effect known as the fast ion instability can lead to beam growth and, in the positron ring, the build-up of an electron cloud (EC), which interacts with the circulating bunches, can produce the same effect. EC build-up and the subsequent interaction of the cloud with the positron beam in the DR have been identified as major risks for the successful construction of a linear collider. The CESRTA research program at the Cornell Electron Storage Ring (CESR) was developed in order to study the build-up of the EC, the details of its impact on ultra low emittance beams, as well as methods to mitigate the impact of the cloud. In the DR, the EC forms when synchrotron photons radiated from the circulating beam strike the walls of the vacuum chamber, resulting in the emission of photoelectrons. These low energy electrons can be accelerated across the vacuum chamber by the electric field of the beam, and strike the walls, causing the emission of secondary electrons. The secondary electrons are subsequently accelerated into the walls yet again via the same mechanism. The result is that the EC can rapidly begin to fill the vacuum chamber. In an electron DR, the EC build-up is limited by the Coulomb repulsion. But in a positron ring, the electrons are pulled into the potential well of the beam. The resulting interaction of the circulating bunches of positrons with the EC that ultimately limits DR performance. Typically we store long trains of closely space bunches in the damping ring. The interaction of stored beam and the EC that is generated by the long train is manifested by different mechanisms: (1) The cloud focuses the beam, which causes a tune shift that increases along the bunch train as the cloud density increases. (2) The cloud electrons couple the motion of bunches along a train. Transverse motion of a leading bunch is transferred to the cloud, and subsequently to a trailing bunch which can result in a multi-bunch instability. (3) The cloud couples the positrons in the head of the bunch to those in the tail of the same bunch, which can excite a 'head-tail' instability. (4) The nonlinear fields of the EC can lead to emittance growth before the onset of instabilities. The CESRTA collaboration, which includes researchers from Cornell University's Laboratory for Elementary-Particle Physics as well as more than 50 senior staff members from over a dozen accelerator laboratories and universities around the world, has operated CESR as a damping ring for the past three years to study these EC effects. A range of specialized instrumentation has been deployed to study the local build-up of the cloud in the vacuum chambers as well as the complicated dynamics exhibited when the beam and the EC interact. The program has significantly advanced our understanding of these issues and has helped identify the most promising methods to mitigate the impact of the EC on the DR beams. It has pointed the way towards a DR design that can meet the stringent specifications of the ILC.

Rubin, David L.; Palmer, Mark A.

2011-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

487

Analysis of the ANL Test Method for 6CVS Containment Vessels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In the fall of 2010, Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) contracted with vendors to design and build 6CVS containment vessels as part of their effort to ship Fuel Derived Mixed Fission Product material. The 6CVS design is based on the Savannah River National Laboratory's (SRNL) design for 9975 and 9977 six inch diameter containment vessels. The main difference between the designs is that the 6CVS credits the inner O-ring seal as the containment boundary while the SRNL design credits the outer O-ring seal. Since the leak test must be done with the inner O-ring in place, the containment vessel does not have a pathway for getting the helium into the vessel during the leak test. The leak testing contractor was not able to get acceptable leak rates with the specified O-ring, but they were able to pass the leak test with a slightly larger O-ring. ANL asked the SRNL to duplicate the leak test vendor's method to determine the cause of the high leak rates. The SRNL testing showed that the helium leak indications were caused by residual helium left within the 6CVS Closure Assembly by the leak test technique, and by helium permeation through the Viton O-ring seals. After SRNL completed their tests, the leak testing contractor was able to measure acceptable leak rates by using the slightly larger O-ring size, by purging helium from the lid threads, and by being very quick in getting the bell jar under a full vacuum. This paper describes the leak test vendor's test technique, and other techniques that could be have been used to successfully leak test the 6CVS's.

Trapp, D.; Crow, G.

2011-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

488

E-Print Network 3.0 - accelerator beam test Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

interim beam test was completed with the first 7 ring section (2... .8 m) accelerating beams to 55 ... Source: TRIUMF Isotope Separation and ACceleration (ISAC) facility, beta-NMR...

489

TECHNOLOGIES TO ENHANCE THE OPERATION OF EXISTING NATURAL GAS COMPRESSION INFRASTRUCTURE  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This quarterly report documents work performed under Tasks 15, 16, and 18 through 23 of the project entitled: ''Technologies to Enhance the Operation of Existing Natural Gas Compression Infrastructure''. The project objective is to develop and substantiate methods for operating integral engine/compressors in gas pipeline service, which reduce fuel consumption, increase capacity, and enhance mechanical integrity. The report first summarizes key results from survey site tests performed on an HBA-6 installed at Duke Energy's Bedford compressor station, and on a TCVC10 engine/compressor installed at Dominion's Groveport Compressor Station. The report then presents results of design analysis performed on the Bedford HBA-6 to develop options and guide decisions for reducing pulsations and enhancing compressor system efficiency and capacity. The report further presents progress on modifying and testing the laboratory GMVH6 at SwRI for correcting air imbalance.

Anthony J. Smalley; Ralph E. Harris; Gary D. Bourn; Danny M. Deffenbaugh

2005-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

490

Compressive strength of concrete and mortar containing fly ash  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention relates to concrete, mortar and other hardenable mixtures comprising cement and fly ash for use in construction. The invention includes a method for predicting the compressive strength of such a hardenable mixture, which is very important for planning a project. The invention also relates to hardenable mixtures comprising cement and fly ash which can achieve greater compressive strength than hardenable mixtures containing only concrete over the time period relevant for construction. In a specific embodiment, a formula is provided that accurately predicts compressive strength of concrete containing fly ash out to 180 days. In other specific examples, concrete and mortar containing about 15% to 25% fly ash as a replacement for cement, which are capable of meeting design specifications required for building and highway construction, are provided. Such materials can thus significantly reduce construction costs.

Liskowitz, John W. (Belle Mead, NJ); Wecharatana, Methi (Parsippany, NJ); Jaturapitakkul, Chai (Bangkok, TH); Cerkanowicz, deceased, Anthony E. (late of Livingston, NJ)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Compressive strength of concrete and mortar containing fly ash  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention relates to concrete, mortar and other hardenable mixtures comprising cement and fly ash for use in construction. The invention includes a method for predicting the compressive strength of such a hardenable mixture, which is very important for planning a project. The invention also relates to hardenable mixtures comprising cement and fly ash which can achieve greater compressive strength than hardenable mixtures containing only concrete over the time period relevant for construction. In a specific embodiment, a formula is provided that accurately predicts compressive strength of concrete containing fly ash out to 180 days. In other specific examples, concrete and mortar containing about 15% to 25% fly ash as a replacement for cement, which are capable of meeting design specifications required for building and highway construction, are provided. Such materials can thus significantly reduce construction costs. 33 figs.

Liskowitz, J.W.; Wecharatana, M.; Jaturapitakkul, C.; Cerkanowicz, A.E.

1997-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

492

Compressive strength of concrete and mortar containing fly ash  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention relates to concrete, mortar and other hardenable mixtures comprising cement and fly ash for use in construction. The invention includes a method for predicting the compressive strength of such a hardenable mixture, which is very important for planning a project. The invention also relates to hardenable mixtures comprising cement and fly ash which can achieve greater compressive strength than hardenable mixtures containing only concrete over the time period relevant for construction. In a specific embodiment, a formula is provided that accurately predicts compressive strength of concrete containing fly ash out to 180 days. In other specific examples, concrete and mortar containing about 15% to 25% fly ash as a replacement for cement, which are capable of meeting design specification required for building and highway construction, are provided. Such materials can thus significantly reduce construction costs.

Liskowitz, John W. (Belle Mead, NJ); Wecharatana, Methi (Parsippany, NJ); Jaturapitakkul, Chai (Bangkok, TH); Cerkanowicz, deceased, Anthony E. (late of Livingston, NJ)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Compressive strength of concrete and mortar containing fly ash  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

The present invention relates to concrete, mortar and other hardenable mixtures comprising cement and fly ash for use in construction. The invention includes a method for predicting the compressive strength of such a hardenable mixture, which is very important for planning a project. The invention also relates to hardenable mixtures comprising cement and fly ash which can achieve greater compressive strength than hardenable mixtures containing only concrete over the time period relevant for construction. In a specific embodiment, a formula is provided that accurately predicts compressive strength of concrete containing fly ash out to 180 days. In other specific examples, concrete and mortar containing about 15% to 25% fly ash as a replacement for cement, which are capable of meeting design specification required for building and highway construction, are provided. Such materials can thus significantly reduce construction costs. 33 figs.

Liskowitz, J.W.; Wecharatana, M.; Jaturapitakkul, C.; Cerkanowicz, A.E.

1998-12-29T23:59:59.000Z

494

Gas turbine power plant with supersonic shock compression ramps  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A gas turbine engine. The engine is based on the use of a gas turbine driven rotor having a compression ramp traveling at a local supersonic inlet velocity (based on the combination of inlet gas velocity and tangential speed of the ramp) which compresses inlet gas against a stationary sidewall. The supersonic compressor efficiently achieves high compression ratios while utilizing a compact, stabilized gasdynamic flow path. Operated at supersonic speeds, the inlet stabilizes an oblique/normal shock system in the gasdynamic flow path formed between the rim of the rotor, the strakes, and a stationary external housing. Part load efficiency is enhanced by use of a lean pre-mix system, a pre-swirl compressor, and a bypass stream to bleed a portion of the gas after passing through the pre-swirl compressor to the combustion gas outlet. Use of a stationary low NOx combustor provides excellent emissions results.

Lawlor, Shawn P. (Bellevue, WA); Novaresi, Mark A. (San Diego, CA); Cornelius, Charles C. (Kirkland, WA)

2008-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

495

Indentation size effect and the plastic compressibility of glass  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Oxide glasses exhibit significant densification under an applied isostatic pressure at the glass transition temperature. The glass compressibility is correlated with the chemical composition and atomic packing density, e.g., borate glasses with planar triangular BO{sub 3} units are more disposed for densification than silicate glasses with tetrahedral units. We here show that there is a direct relation between the plastic compressibility following hot isostatic compression and the extent of the indentation size effect (ISE), which is the decrease of hardness with indentation load exhibited by most materials. This could suggest that the ISE is correlated with indentation-induced shear bands, which should form in greater density when the glass network is more adaptable to volume changes through structural and topological rearrangements under an applied pressure.

Smedskjaer, Morten M., E-mail: mos@bio.aau.dk [Section of Chemistry, Aalborg University, 9000 Aalborg (Denmark)

2014-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

496

A compression scheme for radio data in high performance computing  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We present a procedure for efficiently compressing astronomical radio data for high performance applications. Integrated, post-correlation data are first passed through a nearly lossless rounding step which compares the precision of the data to a generalized and calibration-independent form of the radiometer equation. This allows the precision of the data to be reduced in a way that has an insignificant impact on the data. The newly developed Bitshuffle lossless compression algorithm is subsequently applied. When the algorithm is used in conjunction with the HDF5 library and data format, data produced by the CHIME Pathfinder telescope is compressed to 28% of its original size and decompression throughputs in excess of 1 GB/s are obtained on a single core.

Masui, Kiyoshi; Connor, Liam; Deng, Meiling; Fandino, Mateus; Höfer, Carolin; Halpern, Mark; Hanna, David; Hincks, Adam D; Hinshaw, Gary; Parra, Juan Mena; Newburgh, Laura B; Shaw, J Richard; Vanderlinde, Keith

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

Laser Assisted Emittance Transfer for Storage Ring Lasing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In modern storage rings the transverse emittance of electron beams can be comparable to that from state-of-art photoinjectors, but the intrinsic low peak current and large energy spread pre-cludes the possibility of realizing short-wavelength high-gain free electron lasers (FELs) in storage rings. In this note I propose a technique to significantly increase beam peak current without greatly increasing beam energy spread, which is achieved by transferring part of the longitudinal emittance to transverse plane. It is shown that by properly repartitioning the emittance in 6-D phase space, the beam from a large storage ring may be used to drive a single-pass high-gain FEL in soft x-ray wavelength range.

Xiang, Dao; /SLAC

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Rf System Requirements for JLab’s MEIC Collider Ring  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Medium-energy Electron Ion Collider (MEIC), proposed by Jefferson Lab, consists of a series of accelerators. At the top energy are the electron and ion collider rings. For the ion ring, it accelerates five long ion bunches to colliding energy and rebunches ions into a train of very short bunches before colliding. A set of low frequency RF system is needed for the long ion bunch energy ramping. Another set of high frequency RF cavities is needed to rebunch ions. For the electron ring, superconducting RF (SRF) cavities are needed to compensate the synchrotron radiation energy loss. The impedance of the SRF cavities must be low enough to keep the high current electron beam stable. The preliminary design requirements of these RF cavities are presented.

Wang, Shaoheng [JLAB; Li, Rui [JLAB; Rimmer, Robert A. [JLAB; Wang, Haipeng [JLAB; Zhang, Yuhong [JLAB

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Magnetic edge states in Aharonov-Bohm graphene quantum rings  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The effect of electron-electron interaction on the electronic structure of Aharonov-Bohm (AB) graphene quantum rings (GQRs) is explored theoretically using the single-band tight-binding Hamiltonian and the mean-field Hubbard model. The electronic states and magnetic properties of hexagonal, triangular, and circular GQRs with different sizes and zigzag edge terminations are studied. The results show that, although the AB oscillations in the all types of nanoring are affected by the interaction, the spin splitting in the AB oscillations strongly depends on the geometry and the size of graphene nanorings. We found that the total spin of hexagonal and circular rings is zero and therefore, no spin splitting can be observed in the AB oscillations. However, the non-zero magnetization of the triangular rings breaks the degeneracy between spin-up and spin-down electrons, which produces spin-polarized AB oscillations.

Farghadan, R., E-mail: rfarghadan@kashanu.ac.ir; Heidari Semiromi, E. [Department of Physics, University of Kashan, Kashan (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Saffarzadeh, A. [Department of Physics, Payame Noor University, P.O. Box 19395-3697 Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Department of Physics, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, British Columbia V5A 1S6 (Canada)

2013-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

500

Mechanical seal having a single-piece, perforated mating ring  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A mechanical seal (e.g., single mechanical seals, double mechanical seals, tandem mechanical seals, bellows, pusher mechanical seals, and all types of rotating and reciprocating machines) with reduced contact surface temperature, reduced contact surface wear, or increased life span. The mechanical seal comprises a rotating ring and a single-piece, perforated mating ring, which improves heat transfer by controllably channeling coolant flow through the single-piece mating ring such that the coolant is in substantially uniform thermal contact with a substantial portion of the interior surface area of the seal face, while maintaining the structural integrity of the mechanical seal and minimizing the potential for coolant flow interruptions to the seal face caused by debris or contaminants (e.g., small solids and trash) in the coolant.

Khonsari, Michael M. (Baton Rouge, LA); Somanchi, Anoop K. (Fremont, CA)

2007-08-07T23:59:59.000Z