National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for riders eccr dsm-r-4

  1. OMB CEQ ECCR Statement Sept 2012 | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy AEnergy Managing853926 News enDepartmentHighlights forThis is a archive fileECCR

  2. Demand And Response Transportation Rider's Guide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acton, Scott

    Demand And Response Transportation Rider's Guide http://www.virginia.edu/parking/disabilities/dart Version 14.5 (8/13/14) Welcome DART Rider: The Demand and Response Transportation (DART) Service rides: #12;Demand And Response Transportation Rider's Guide http

  3. Wheeler, Conrad, and Figliozzi 1 A Statistical Analysis of Bicycle Rider Performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertini, Robert L.

    Wheeler, Conrad, and Figliozzi 1 A Statistical Analysis of Bicycle Rider Performance: The impact) A Statistical Analysis of Bicycle Rider Performance: The impact of gender on riders' performance at signalized;Wheeler, Conrad, and Figliozzi 2 A Statistical Analysis of Bicycle Rider Performance: The impact of gender

  4. Why cogeneration developers should support cogeneration deferral riders

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Spiewak, S.

    1987-04-01

    The author argues that excess capacity can increase retail rates, but deferral riders which allow utilities to offer lower rates to customers who might otherwise turn to cogeneration would optimize existing generating capacity. The author notes that encouraging cogeneration is only one goal of the Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act, while efficient use of powerplant capability is of equal importance. There will still be opportunities for cogenerators under the Cogeneration Deferral Tariff if they are patient because the concept of the tariff is to defer, not preclude cogeneration.

  5. SunRider Solar LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing CapacityVectren)Model for theSunLan Solar Co Ltd JumpSunRider Solar LLC Jump

  6. "Knight Rider" in Graz: An autonomous car drives the guests of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    29.06.2009 Page 1 "Knight Rider" in Graz: An autonomous car drives the guests of honour of the RoboCup 2009 to the Stadthalle ­ without driver and without remote control Autonomous car drives State Minister to the robotics world championships Cult of the 1980s "Knight Rider" and "K.I.T.T", the intelligent, speaking car

  7. Analysis of Potential Free-Rider Eligibility for a Proposed Commercial Building Lighting Tax Deduction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Winiarski, David W.; Richman, Eric E.; Biyani, Rahul K.

    2004-09-30

    The report provides estimates of the potential volume of ''free riders'', in terms of both eligible square footage and associated available tax deductions, in a proposed commercial building lighting tax amendment to the 2003 Energy Bill. Determination of the actual tax rate for businesses and how the amendment may impact tax revenue collected by the treasury is beyond the scope of this effort. Others, such as the Treasury itself, are best equipped to make their own estimates of the eventual impact based on the total deductions available to taxable entities.

  8. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING, VOL. 60, NO. 9, SEPTEMBER 2013 2541 Rider Trunk and Bicycle Pose Estimation With

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yi, Jingang

    and Bicycle Pose Estimation With Fusion of Force/Inertial Sensors Yizhai Zhang, Student Member, IEEE, Kuo Chen interactions such as bicycling is challenging because of highly-dimensional human motion and lack the rider trunk pose and the bicycle roll angle using only inertial and force sensors. The estimation scheme

  9. Jim Rider: Bruce Rider & Sons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rabkin, Sarah

    2010-01-01

    moment. But who knows. Water, Energy, Fertilizer and Othert ask you about water or energy. Do you have any particular

  10. Jim Rider: Bruce Rider & Sons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rabkin, Sarah

    2010-01-01

    mildew, which we can control with lime sulfur and micronizeddeveloped a resistance to lime sulfur, so it’s not totallyquestion that we could have lime-sulfur-resistant scab at

  11. Jim Rider: Bruce Rider & Sons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rabkin, Sarah

    2010-01-01

    s been worthwhile. The Walmart Effect We’ve been fortunateAnd now we’re looking at—I call it the Walmart effect.Three years ago Walmart said that they were interested in

  12. Jim Rider: Bruce Rider & Sons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rabkin, Sarah

    2010-01-01

    of our nitrogen. We did use compost in our early years, andpick it up. We will buy compost if we replant an orchard,that’ s been amended with compost. But we tried putting it

  13. Page 1 of 34 T. H. Rider

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herr, Hugh

    in parentheses): #4 or 6 coffee filter Walmart, Target, etc. Balloons, straws Walmart, Target, etc. 4" steel bolt Home Depot, Lowes Washer 3/8" ID 1" OD Home Depot, Lowes Thread Walmart, Michaels Clear plastic utensils Walmart, Target, grocery stores Optical fiber www.sciplus.com (91068) pH paper

  14. ValUQWorkflowInCASL-RiderFinal

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservationBio-Inspired SolarAbout /Two0 -Using supercritical carbon

  15. Rider Energy Expenditure during High Intensity Horse Activity 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Reilly, Colleen L

    2015-04-29

    (DDR) to determine if playing DDR for 30 min a day could meet minimum exercise requirements. Experienced DDR players as well as inexperienced DDR players were observed to determine if they could meet energy expenditure requirements. This study..., in contradiction with the Nintendo Wii study found that experienced DDR players exhibited exercise of a moderate intensity with mean HR of 161.2 beats per min (bpm) and mean VO2 of 25.2mL·kg -1·min-1 and expended more than 150 kcal in the 30 min exercise which...

  16. MHK Technologies/Wave Rider | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource HistoryScenarios Towards 2050Enermar <OMISPower Desalination < MHKRider <

  17. Voluntary Agreements to Improve Environmental Quality: Are late joiners the free riders?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delmas, Magali A; Montes, Maria J.

    2007-01-01

    sustainable development. Strategic Management Journal, 26(utility sector. Strategic Management Journal, 26(5): 441-environmental litigation. Strategic Management Journal, 23(

  18. Brussels advocates a lone rider for ITER 09/22/2004 Edition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ", explained the Minister. The Commission estimates moreover that 20% in savings are possible thanks

  19. Where's My Bus Stop? Supporting Independence of Blind Transit Riders with StopInfo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manchak, John

    in the Seattle area with information entered by the community, primarily as they waited at these stops and Society]: Social Is sues--Assistive technologies for persons with disabilities General Terms Design]. They often search for physical landmarks such as the bus shelter, benches, or transit sign as a cue

  20. L3:VUQ.VVDA.P2-2.03 William Rider SNL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJesse Bergkamp Graduate student Subtask2 J.N. Shadid,1 Hany Abdel-Khalika1 Dan3

  1. L3:VUQ.VVDA.P2-2.05 William Rider SNL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJesse Bergkamp Graduate student Subtask2 J.N. Shadid,1 Hany Abdel-Khalika1

  2. Microsoft Word - Advanced Solution Verification of CFD Solutions for LES of GTRF_Rider_August23.docx

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJessework uses concrete and realisticQuarter 2007thEA15PC3041-1-0

  3. Residential Energy Code Technical Support: Training that Works for Enforcement Personnel 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bowman, J.

    1988-01-01

    from code officials for Washington's Energy Code Clearinghouse Hotline and residential circuit-rider training workshops. Residential circuit rider training, is conducted by professional contract trainers who are knowledgeable in the State Energy Code...

  4. From Control Society to Parliament of Things: Designing Object Relations with an Internet of Things

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tuters, Marc

    2009-01-01

    The Dawning Age of Ubiquitous Computing. New Riders Press,of “spimes” to show how ubiquitous computing is giving non-

  5. They Rule the Valley: The Story of How Large Central Valley Landholders Became the Primary Beneficiaries of the Central Valley Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flores, Christina

    2011-01-01

    Representative Alfred J. Elliot —a Tulare landholder whoRepresentative Alfred J. Elliot—the very Tulare politicianof 1944. When Representative Elliot added his infamous rider

  6. Mass Transit & Mass: Densities Needed to Make Transit Investments Pay Off

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guerra, Erick; Cervero, Robert

    2010-01-01

    Transit Ridership and Capital Costs,” Erick Guerra andof California, Berkeley ISSUE Capital costs are the biggestmean projects with low capital cost per rider on an annual

  7. City of Brenham- Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The ordinance includes a standard form interconnection application and agreement as well as standard riders. Customers must provide all equipment necessary to meet applicable safety, power quality...

  8. Phantom, mirage, fosforo imperial: Guerre virtuali e guerre reali nell'ultima poesia italiana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cortellessa, Andrea

    2007-01-01

    ed awfiil č potenza del riso: CARTE ITALIANE. VOL. J (2007)il a suono che si suscita un al riso: se basti, per ridere,

  9. The Costs and Benefits of Compliance with Renewable Portfolio Standards: Reviewing Experience to Date

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heeter, Jenny

    2014-01-01

    Company to Update its Alternative Energy Rider. ” Delaware2011 Annual Report Alternative Energy Portfolio Standards2012 Annual Report Alternative Energy Portfolio Standards

  10. The Costs and Benefits of Compliance with Renewable Portfolio Standards: Reviewing Experience to Date

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heeter, Jenny

    2014-01-01

    addition of renewable and alternative energy resources. TheCompany to Update its Alternative Energy Rider. ” Delaware2011 Annual Report Alternative Energy Portfolio Standards

  11. Spirit Program Organization Chart March 2015

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rock, Chris

    Spirit Program Organization Chart March 2015 Dr. Juan Munoz Vice Provost Appearances Spirit Organizations Financial Support Saddle Tramps High Riders Goin

  12. Putting Things to REST

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilde, Erik

    2007-01-01

    The Dawning Age of Ubiquitous Computing. New Riders, Indi-style for pervasive and ubiquitous computing scenarios, theyof pervasive [18] and ubiquitous computing [14] to a large

  13. A Conference to Celebrate Sam Gitler's 80th Birthday September 25 (Wednesday)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    :00 ­ 10:50 Opening ceremony 10:50 ­ 11:40 Don Davis (Lehigh University) Stable geometric dimension: Old:30 ­ 16:20 Bill Browder (Princeton University) How big a finite group can act freely on a product operations on simplicial com- plexes Tony Bahri Rider University bahri@rider.edu The Davis

  14. An Examination of Nova Scotia Power Incorporated's

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hughes, Larry

    1 An Examination of Nova Scotia Power Incorporated's Green Power Rider Larry Hughes Department (NSPI) made application to the Nova Scotia Utility and Review Board for an Optional Green Power Rider to be added to their existing Domestic (that is, residential) Services Rates [1]. The proposed Green Power

  15. Learning Bicycle Stunts C. Karen Liu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turk, Greg

    Learning Bicycle Stunts Jie Tan Yuting Gu C. Karen Liu Greg Turk Georgia Institute that is riding a bicycle. The two main components of our system are offline learning and online simulation. We sim- ulate the bicycle and the rider as an articulated rigid body system. The rider is controlled

  16. Low-order simultaneous stabilization of linear bicycle models at different forward speeds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gundes, A. N.

    Low-order simultaneous stabilization of linear bicycle models at different forward speeds A. N. G¨undes¸1 and A. Nanjangud2 Abstract-- Linear models of bicycles with rigidly attached riders, operating-track vehicles with human riders, such as bicycles, present challenging problems of modeling and control. Based

  17. ACCESS Magazine Fall 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01

    25, 2003. A C C E S S Smarter Parking at Transit Stations BYFrancisco Bay Area, provide parking so riders can easily getfrom the station. At first parking spots at BART stations

  18. Contactless prepaid and bankcards in transit fare collection systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brakewood, Candace Elizabeth

    2010-01-01

    Many public transit agencies are considering direct acceptance of contactless credit and debit cards (collectively contactless bankcards) at gates in rail stations and on board buses. Concerns have been raised about riders ...

  19. Waiting for TOD : developing in the Millbrae BART Station Area

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shih, Janet Wei

    2012-01-01

    The suburban terminus station dedicates large amounts of land for parking in order to cater to its driving riders, and causes a trade-off tension between attracting ridership through providing park-and-rides and building ...

  20. APPENDIX I: TERMS AND DEFINITIONS Action -The manner in which a horse travels and moves.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    in the horse's mouth. The bit provides communication between the rider or driver and the horse. Bloom and other irritants from the horse; massages muscles. Gymkhana - A program of competitive games on horseback

  1. Public transportation is not going to work : non-work travel markets for the future of mass transit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, Alexander Nobler, 1979-

    2004-01-01

    For public transportation agencies to attract new riders in an automobile-dominated environment, niche markets must be targeted. The downtown journey to work is already recognized as a successful niche for transit. This ...

  2. Design and prototyping of a modular human-powered swing carousel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    TenCate, Emily E

    2015-01-01

    The annual East Campus dormitory carnival at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology creates a unique learning experience by allowing undergraduate students to design and fabricate carnival rides for human riders. This ...

  3. On the -Volume Limit of the Focusing Cubic Schrdinger Equation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rider, Brian

    on the line. For the periodic problem the appropriate ensemble was introduced by Lebowitz, Rose, and Speer [3 Periodicals, Inc. #12;1232 B. C. RIDER The problem owes its inception to Lebowitz, Rose, and Speer (LRS) [3

  4. Design of a rugged wheel for application in the Leveraged Freedom Chair

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Falcone, Sara Elizabeth

    2015-01-01

    This thesis analyses the front wheel of the Leveraged Freedom Chair (LFC) an all-terrain, off-road wheelchair with two distinct models: one for the developing world and one specifically for American riders. The functional ...

  5. Grouping travelers on the basis of their different car and transit levels of use

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diana, Marco; Mokhtarian, Patricia L.

    2009-01-01

    Elgar, A. , Bekhor, S. : Car-rider segmentation according tostatus and investment in car mobility. Transp. Res. Rec.people talk about bus and car travel. Transp. Res. A Jensen,

  6. Grouping Travelers on the Basis of their Different Car and Transit Levels of Use

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diana, Marco; Mokhtarian, Patricia L

    2009-01-01

    Elgar, A. , Bekhor, S. : Car-rider segmentation according tostatus and investment in car mobility. Transp. Res. Rec.people talk about bus and car travel. Transp. Res. A Jensen,

  7. Evaluating service mitigation proposals for the MBTA Green Line extension construction delay using simplified planning methods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosen, Jamie C. (Jamie Cara)

    2013-01-01

    This thesis reviews a select group of transit environmental mitigation proposals through the application of ridership estimation methodologies. In recent years, rider demands and environmental concerns have led many transit ...

  8. TCAT to Receive Ithaca's First 'Cutting-Edge' Fuel Cell Bus ...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    TCAT to Receive Ithaca's First 'Cutting-Edge' Fuel Cell Bus September 6th, 2013 By Kerry Close Within two years, TCAT riders may be able to make their commute on a "clean,...

  9. Price Responsive Demand in New York Wholesale Electricity Market using OpenADR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Joyce Jihyun

    2013-01-01

    and Demand Response in Electricity Markets." University ofRates and Tariffs /Schedule for Electricity Service, P.S.C.no. 10- Electricity/Rules 24 (Riders)/Leaf No. 177-327."

  10. Sawnee EMC- Solar Photovoltaic Rebate Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Sawnee EMC offers a rebate of $300 per kilowatt (kW) to residential customers who install photovoltaic (PV) systems that meet the cooperative's [http://www.sawnee.com/Rate%20Pdfs/NEM%20Rider.pdf...

  11. Theme: Infrastructure and Electrical (3); Sub Theme: Track Components Quantification of Concrete Sleeper and Elastic Fastening System Demands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barkan, Christopher P.L.

    through ever increasing freight tonnages and development of its high speed rail program, the design the world where the challenge of operating increasing freight tonnages and high speed rail programs tolerances necessary for high-speed passenger rail safety and rider comfort. Shared infrastructure operating

  12. Thanks to my faculty advisor, Professor John Marzluff, my graduate mentors Carol Bogezi and Catherine Gowan, as well as McIntire-Stennis Program at USDA for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Sally

    strategies to reduce livestock losses or risk going out of business. Range riding is viewed by many ranchers, but there are also those who believe it can work. Currently there are several range riders working in Washington who- Precautionary Range riding isn't viable but there might be ways that it could work Negative Range riding

  13. THE AFFINE GRASSMANNIAN AND THE SPRINGER RESOLUTION IN POSITIVE CHARACTERISTIC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Achar, Pramod

    #12;2 PRAMOD N. ACHAR AND LAURA RIDER Recall that a JMW prime for G is a good prime such that the main (I) (Gr, k) (see [ARc2] or [BGS]). In [ABG], this equivalence plays a significant role; in partic

  14. Dependable Perception for Robots Chuck Thorpe, Olivier Clatz, Dave Duggins, Jay Gowdy, Rob MacLachlan, J. Ryan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Chieh-Chih "Bob"

    illustrates those principles in the context of the CMU Navlab Group's work on vehicle safety for busses and passenger cars. 1 Introduction Mobile robots can be unreliable and undependable for a number of reasonsXXion robot sounds a disappointed tone: riders who could choose either the driverless vehicle

  15. Anatomy of a Macintosh nVIR Virus Technical Report CS88/29

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Lawrie

    . Restricted Distribution 6/5/1999 Abstract Computer viruses are causing increasing concern amongst of a Macintosh nVIR Virus Lawrence Brown 1. Introduction Computer viruses are causing increasing concern amongst the computer community. The concept of a virus was first propounded in Brunner's book "The Shockwave Rider

  16. Weigel, Southworth, and Meyer 1 Calculators for Estimating Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Public

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    programs. Since the 1970 Clean Air Act the nation's transit agencies have served as test beds for emissions transportation systems (4). And in addition to providing energy and emissions efficiency benefits to society itself: by helping to market services to environmentally conscious riders, by reducing the costs

  17. Page 1 of 10 File Reference: 30/3644-04

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenslade, Diana

    Balloons 25/007500-02 Contract 035/2009 - Prototype Easy-to-Deploy Tsunami Buoy System 25/007868-02 Radar Section 25/008246 **** Student Funding 25/008247 Tsunami Buoy System - Supply of Prototype Easy to Deploy/008250 Wave Rider Buoy Data WA - Provision of Marine Services 25/008251 Waveguide - S

  18. Bikes in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hacker, Randi

    2010-09-29

    , by the hundreds, by the thousands, bearing down on the unwary jaywalker in an unbroken mosaic as far as the naked eye could see. Bikes with one rider, bikes with small helmetless children perched on creaking rattan bike seats, bikes transporting furniture...

  19. NOTTINGHAM TRENT UNIVERSITY -INVESTING IN EXCELLENCE VICE-CHANCELLOR'S PHD SCHOLARSHIP SCHEME 2014 & SCHOOL PHD SCHOLARSHIPS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, Paul

    in a somersault like action, and present a risk of death to the rider as the horse typically lands upon them. Between 2004 and 2013 there were 97 serious life altering injuries and 9 reported deaths due to rotational and Environmental Sciences houses a purpose built equestrian centre and animal unit and a wide range of equine

  20. The evolution of sanctioning institutions: an experimental approach to the social contract

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sigmund, Karl

    - 1 - The evolution of sanctioning institutions: an experimental approach to the social contract-riding: indeed, the sanctioning system itself is a common good which can be exploited. Most investigations, so lead to pool punishment if sanctions are also imposed on second-order free-riders, but to peer

  1. NOVA SCOTIA UTILITY AND REVIEW BOARD IN THE MATTER OF: The Public Utilities Act, R.S.N.S. 1989, c.380 as

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hughes, Larry

    itself differently from the Independent Power Producers who were competing for11 contracts.12 I have also.S.N.S. 1989, c.380 as amended - and - IN THE MATTER OF: An Application by Nova Scotia Power Incorporated of the7 provincial legislature.8 I have also examined NSPI's Green Power Rider, which was subsequently

  2. 734 IEEE JOURNAL ON SELECTED AREAS IN COMMUNICATIONS, VOL. 32, NO. 4, APRIL 2014 Avoiding Quality Bottlenecks in P2P

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boutaba, Raouf

    Identifier 10.1109/JSAC.2014.140406. arrival (a.k.a. peer churn), asymmetric contribution in terms of network and storage resources (a.k.a. free riders), etc.; and (2) collective behavior of peers such as massive arrival or departure (a.k.a. flash crowds). These behaviors result in highly dynamic overlay topologies and load

  3. A connection management protocol for promoting cooperation in Peer-to-Peer networks q

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ulusoy, Özgür

    and an adaptive connection management protocol that dynamically establishes and adapts a P2P network topology other on the adapted topology and to push the free riders away from the contributors. In this way the benefits of P2P network architecture. Additionally, renewal or presentation of inter- esting content may

  4. Calendar Year 2007 Program Benefits for U.S. EPA Energy Star Labeled Products: Expanded Methodology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanchez, Marla

    2010-01-01

    transformers in 1995 also participated in the program. The free rider marketMarket Star Shipments Share 1000s 1000s NA NA NA NA NA NA 1000s NA NA Other - Utility Transformer -market penetration is also 6%, meaning that all units that were able to qualify for Energy Star transformers

  5. Benchmark of aerodynamic cycling helmets using a refined wind tunnel test protocol for helmet drag research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sidelko, Stephanie

    2007-01-01

    The study of aerodynamics is very important in the world of cycling. Wind tunnel research is conducted on most of the equipment that is used by a rider and is a critical factor in the advancement of the sport. However, to ...

  6. Security on Campus The Security Office and lost

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Teaching building (building 104). · Call 9553 7333 (24 hour hotline). Security call buttons are located are located in the Gym. Contact the Student Centre for access. Travel Smart Maps · Travel Smart maps or top up Smart Riders from the Rockingham train station or most newsagents. Maps and timetables

  7. Small Coalitions: Lightweight Collaboration for Efficient P2P Downloads Ghassan Karame

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Capkun, Srdjan

    to the churn in existing P2P systems and embed natural incentives for peers to self-organize in order behavior [7] and high network "churn" [8]. Previous work suggested the formation of cooperative clusters from performance limitations when subject to free-riders and high churn. Small coalitions bridge

  8. Off Peak Power - An Alternative to Interruptible Service 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nordyke, H. G., Jr.

    1984-01-01

    Georgia Power's Off-Peak Rider encourages load reductions up to 40% during on-peak periods over four summer months each year. Since summer on-peak time represents about 50% of available time, the customer's productive summer capacity may be reduced...

  9. Park Profiler/Jump Analyzer Practical method for determining terrain park jump performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Terrain Park jump safety as a rider/resort partnership II. USTPC criteria: Quantifying best practices in terrain park jump design III. "Park Profiler" - practical tool to measure TP jump IV. "Jump Analyzer of flying ... but, as Icarus leaned the hard way, there are risks. #12;Terrain Park Jump Safety Terrain park

  10. Upstream Transmission Effects of Generic Advertising and Promotion: The Case of Soybeans 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Sang Hyeon

    2014-11-21

    . The Brazil Component of the World Soybean Model ................................... 181 Table 11. The Argentina Component of the World Soybean Model ............................. 188 Table 12. World Market Clearing Conditions of the World Soybean Model... farm supply; (d) no free-rider gains to Brazil and Argentina; (e) no domestic supply chain effects; (f) no global supply chain effects; (g) no checkoff investments in production research (only in demand promotion), and (h) no promotion...

  11. The Question of Conation in Action Theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Good, Robert

    The Question of Conation in Action Theory Robert Good Rider College In some recent and most interesting articles, Myles Brand argues that intending has an exclusively conative feature. 1 This conative feature is said by Brand to be non... of a conative component of intending is best understood in light of the recent history of Causal theories of action. Basciaily, a Causal theory is one which holds that intentional ac­ tion is caused by a preceding mental event of a partic­ ular kind...

  12. Demonstration of the Rapid Assessment Tool: Analysis of Water Supply Conditions in the Harlingen Irrigation District 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leigh, E.; Fipps, G.

    2008-01-01

    furrow irrigation. The procedures used are as follows: (1) District personnel (primarily the canal riders) and DMS Team rate the head conditions of canal segments and pump stations within the district. Segments are evaluated by the criteria...=ISO-8859-1 TR-337 2008 Demonstration of the Rapid Assessment Tool: Analysis of Water Supply Conditions in the Harlingen Irrigation District By: Eric Leigh, Extension Associate, Biological...

  13. Safe Tractor Operation: Driving on Highways 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, David

    2004-09-16

    of the car first notices the tractor while still 400 feet behind it, the driver has less than 10 seconds to avoid a collision with the tractor. In this time, the driver of the car must recognize the danger, determine the speed the tractor is traveling... the brakes, clutch and steering mechanisms, and often cannot see everything around them while sitting in the tractor seat. Don?t put your child in this dangerous situation. Chil- dren should never drive tractors on public roads. Extra Riders Except...

  14. Kansas City Plant Celebrates Safety Milestone

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2010-09-01

    A gang of motorcycle riders arrived at the NNSA's Kansas City Plant on July 1 to help celebrate a significant safety achievement - working nearly five million hours, covering a one-year period without a lost-time injury. The bikers -- some of whom are plant employees -- represent Bikers Against Child Abuse, the local nonprofit selected to receive a $5,000 donation as part of the plant's safety achievement celebration. The organization was selected because it aligns with the plant's community outreach focus on Family Safety & Security and partnership with the plant's union members.

  15. Lawrence Grove Oral History

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grove, Lawrence; Miller, Timothy

    2009-09-23

    circuits. We had circuit riders. The genius of John Wesley, the founder of Methodism, always a member of the Church of England, never a member of the Methodist church, was one who had the practical skills of getting people organized so that they could do... might call “canned sermons”. Usually there was one sermon on salvation. There was one sermon on assurance, which was one of John Wesley?s very important concepts. There was another sermon on Christian living, living responsibly in most cases not using...

  16. The New Face of Utility Marketing 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbert, J. S.

    1987-01-01

    , maybe that will get the juices flowing again. No, let I s try issues this time. Sure, let's spend time thinking about how we can play fuel suppliers against electric utilities. That will get the adrenalin flowing. In fact, that will probably get me..., riders, and modernization caveats, and the list goes on. The biggest buzz now seems to be "getting the best price from your energy suppliers." Many of the cogeneration projects put on the table are strictly negotiating tools to play one fuel...

  17. Genetic variation in stromal proteins decorin and lumican with breast cancer: investigations in two case-control studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kelemen, Linda E.; Couch, Fergus J.; Ahmed, Shahana; Dunning, Alison M.; Pharoah, Paul D. P.; Easton, Douglas F.; Fredericksen, Zachary S.; Vierkant, Robert A.; Pankratz, Vernon Shane; Goode, Ellen L.; Scott, Christopher G.; Rider, David N.; Wang, Xianshu; Cerhan, James R.; Vachon, Celine M.

    2008-11-26

    Pharoah3, Douglas F Easton3,4, Zachary S Fredericksen5, Robert A Vierkant5, V Shane Pankratz5, Ellen L Goode5, Christopher G Scott5, David N Rider5, Xianshu Wang2, James R Cerhan3 and Celine M Vachon5 1Department of Population Health Research, Alberta... , Rice JP, Roberts J, et al.: Replicating genotype- phenotype associations. Nature 2007, 447:655-660. 31. Cancer Genetic Markers of Susceptibility [https://caintegra tor.nci.nih.gov/cgems/] 32. Hunter DJ, Kraft P, Jacobs KB, Cox DG, Yeager M, Hankinson...

  18. SunSeeker Energy Australasia Limited | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing CapacityVectren)Model for theSunLan Solar Co Ltd JumpSunRider Solar LLC

  19. SunSource Technology Services Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing CapacityVectren)Model for theSunLan Solar Co Ltd JumpSunRider Solar

  20. SunTergrid SpA | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing CapacityVectren)Model for theSunLan Solar Co Ltd JumpSunRider

  1. SunTrac Solar | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing CapacityVectren)Model for theSunLan Solar Co Ltd JumpSunRiderSunTrac Solar

  2. SunWare Solartechnik GmbH Co KG | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing CapacityVectren)Model for theSunLan Solar Co Ltd JumpSunRiderSunTrac

  3. SunWize Technologies Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Information Serbia-Enhancing CapacityVectren)Model for theSunLan Solar Co Ltd JumpSunRiderSunTracSunWize

  4. Presumable European aurorae in the mid AD 770s were halo displays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neuhaeuser, Dagmar

    2015-01-01

    The interpretation of the strong 14-C variation around AD 775 as one (or several) solar super-flare(s) by, e.g., Usoskin et al. (2013) is based on alleged aurora sightings in the mid AD 770s in Europe: A "red cross/crucifix" in AD 773/4/6 from the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, "inflamed shields" in AD 776 (both listed in the aurora catalogue of Link 1962), and "riders on white horses" in AD 773 (newly proposed as aurora in Usoskin et al. 2013), the two latter from the Royal Frankish Annals. We discuss the reports about these three sightings in detail here. We can show that all three were halo displays: The "red cross" or "crucifix" is formed by the horizontal arc and a vertical pillar of light (either with the Sun during sunset or with the moon after sunset); the "inflamed shields" and the "riders on white horses" were both two mock suns, especially the latter narrated in form of a Christian adaptation of the antique dioscuri motive. While the latter event took place early in AD 774 (dated AD 773 in Usoskin et al. 2...

  5. Optimal Time-Trial Bicycle Racing with Headwinds and Tailwinds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anton, A Brad

    2013-01-01

    Many time-trial and triathlon bicycle races take place on relatively flat, closed-circuit courses. In the absence of hills, riding-speed is limited almost solely by aerodynamic drag; consequently, winds can have a big effect on elapsed times. I analyze the special case of a straight out-and-back race in a steady wind, assuming the rider has a given total amount of energy to expend and can choose only two speeds - the aided speed with tailwind and the hindered speed into headwind. In this ideal circumstance the problem of choosing optimal riding speeds reduces to a constrained nonlinear optimization that can be solved with elementary calculus. My analysis reveals a practical rule of thumb that can be used more generally to choose optimal riding speeds for time-trial racing on closed-circuit courses in the presence of headwinds and tailwinds.

  6. Multiple pole electromagnetic propulsion system with separated ballistic guidance and electrical current contact surfaces

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sims, Jr., James R. (Los Alamos, NM)

    2008-07-15

    An electromagnetic propulsion system is disclosed having separate rails for ballistic guidance and for carrying current. In this system, one or more pairs of ballistic guidance rails are provided, with each ballistic guidance rail having a pair of current carrying rails joined to it to form a combined rail. Each combined rail is separated electrically from adjacent combined rails by electrically insulating blocks. Each of the current carrying rails in a given combined rail pair have the same electrical polarity, and the polarities alternate between adjacent combined rails. Armatures contact current carrying rails to complete the circuit to generate the accelerating Lorentz force on the armatures. Bore riders on the sabot and/or projectile are in contact with the ballistic guide rails. Separation of the current carrying and ballistic guidance functions increases resistance of the system to rail movement and bending, as well as reduced wear/damage to the rails. In further embodiments, a circumferential over wrap providing compressive force on the rails further increases resistance of the system to rail movement and bending.

  7. Regulations Related to the Outer Continental Shelf Moratoria and Implications of Not Renewing the Moratoria (released in AEO2009)

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2009-01-01

    From 1982 through 2008, Congress annually enacted appropriations riders prohibiting the Minerals Management Service (MMS) of the U.S. Department of the Interior from conducting activities related to leasing, exploration, and production of oil and natural gas on much of the federal Outer Continental Shelf (OCS). Further, a separate executive ban (originally put in place in 1990 by President George H.W. Bush and later extended by President William J. Clinton through 2012) also prohibited leasing on the OCS, with the exception of the Western Gulf of Mexico, portions of the Central and Eastern Gulf of Mexico, and Alaska. In combination, those actions prohibited drilling along the Atlantic and Pacific coasts, in the eastern Gulf of Mexico, and in portions of the central Gulf of Mexico. The Gulf of Mexico Energy Security Act of 2006 (Public Law 109-432) imposed yet a third ban on drilling through 2022 on tracts in the Eastern Gulf of Mexico that are within 125 miles of Florida, east of a dividing line known as the Military Mission Line, and in the Central Gulf of Mexico within 100 miles of Florida.

  8. A novel Stirling engine with an elliptic drive

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fang, H.W.; Herold, K.E.; Holland, H.M.; Beach, E.H.

    1996-12-31

    The concept of the Stirling cycle seems quite simple when presented as a cycle involving two constant temperature and two constant volume processes. The reality of machines that have evolved from the Stirling concept is considerably more complicated. Most real machines employ a drive mechanism that approximates a sinusoidal volume variation for each of the cylinders. This results in an overall volume variation that only poorly approximates the constant volume processes postulated in the classic definition of a Stirling cycle. The difficulties of achieving the piston motions necessary to attain the discontinuous motions of the classic cycle are well known and, as a result, the sinusoidal motions are widely accepted as an inevitable compromise. It is noted that free piston Stirling machines are not constrained in the same manner. However, the discussion here focuses on kinematic drive machines. In the current study, a Rider-type engine with an elliptic drive is modeled with the objective of clarifying the potential of a more ideal volume variation. This drive mechanism is the subject of a US Patent filed with Serial Number 08/360,052 on 20 December 1994.

  9. Detroit Commuter Hydrogen Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brooks, Jerry; Prebo, Brendan

    2010-07-31

    This project was undertaken to demonstrate the viability of using hydrogen as a fuel in an internal combustion engine vehicle for use as a part of a mass transit system. The advantages of hydrogen as a fuel include renew-ability, minimal environmental impact on air quality and the environment, and potential to reduce dependence on foreign energy sources for the transportation sector. Recognizing the potential for the hydrogen fuel concept, the Southeast Michigan Congress of Governments (SEMCOG) determined to consider it in the study of a proposed regional mass transit rail system for southeast Michigan. SEMCOG wanted to evaluate the feasibility of using hydrogen fueled internal combustion engine (H2ICE) vehicles in shuttle buses to connect the Detroit Metro Airport to a proposed, nearby rail station. Shuttle buses are in current use on the airport for passenger parking and inter-terminal transport. This duty cycle is well suited to the application of hydrogen fuel at this time because of the ability to re-fuel vehicles at a single nearby facility, overcoming the challenge of restricted fuel availability in the undeveloped hydrogen fuel infrastructure. A cooperative agreement between SEMCOG and the DOE was initiated and two H2ICE buses were placed in regular passenger service on March 29, 2009 and operated for six months in regular passenger service. The buses were developed and built by the Ford Motor Company. Wayne County Airport Authority provided the location for the demonstration with the airport transportation contractor, Metro Cars Inc. operating the buses. The buses were built on Ford E450 chassis and incorporated a modified a 6.8L V-10 engine with specially designed supercharger, fuel rails and injectors among other sophisticated control systems. Up to 30 kg of on-board gaseous hydrogen were stored in a modular six tank, 350 bar (5000 psi) system to provide a 150 mile driving range. The bus chassis and body were configured to carry nine passengers with luggage. By collecting fuel use data for the two H2ICE buses, with both written driver logs and onboard telemetry devices, and for two conventional propane-gasoline powered buses in the same service, comparisons of operating efficiency and maintenance requirements were completed. Public opinion about the concept of hydrogen fuel was sampled with a rider survey throughout the demonstration. The demonstration was very effective in adding to the understanding of the application of hydrogen as a transportation fuel. The two 9 passenger H2ICE buses accumulated nearly 50,000 miles and carried 14,285 passengers. Data indicated the H2ICE bus fuel economy to be 9.4 miles/ gallon of gasoline equivalent (m/GGE) compared to the 10 passenger propane-gasoline bus average of 9.8 m/GGE over 32,400 miles. The 23- passenger bus averaged 7.4 m/GGE over 40,700 miles. Rider feedback from 1050 on-board survey cards was overwhelmingly positive with 99.6% indicating they would ride again on a hydrogen powered vehicle. Minimal maintenance was required for theses buses during the demonstration project, but a longer duration demonstration would be required to more adequately assess this aspect of the concept.

  10. Decision Analysis Science Modeling for Application and Fielding Selection Applied to Concrete Decontamination Technologies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ebadian, M.A. Ross, T.L.

    1998-01-01

    Concrete surfaces contaminated with radionuclides present a significant challenge during the decontamination and decommissioning (D and D) process. As structures undergo D and D, coating layers and/or surface layers of the concrete containing the contaminants must be removed for disposal in such a way as to present little to no risk to human health or the environment. The selection of a concrete decontamination technology that is safe, efficient, and cost-effective is critical to the successful D and D of contaminated sites. To support U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Environmental Management objectives and to assist DOE site managers in the selection of the best-suited concrete floor decontamination technology(s) for a given site, two innovative and three baseline technologies have been assessed under standard, non-nuclear conditions at the Hemispheric Center for Environmental Technology (HCET) at Florida International University (FIU). The innovative technologies assessed include the Pegasus Coating Removal System and Textron's Electro-Hydraulic Scabbling System. The three baseline technologies assessed include: the Wheelabrator Blastrac model 1-15D, the NELCO Porta Shot Blast{trademark} model GPx-1O-18 HO Rider, and the NELCO Porta Shot Blast{trademark} model EC-7-2. These decontamination technology assessments provide directly comparable performance data that have previously been available for only a limited number of technologies under restrictive site-specific constraints. Some of the performance data collected during these technology assessments include: removal capability, production rate, removal gap, primary and secondary waste volumes, and operation and maintenance requirements. The performance data generated by this project is intended to assist DOE site managers in the selection of the safest, most efficient, and cost-effective decontamination technologies to accomplish their remediation objectives.

  11. Fission Product Data Measured at Los Alamos for Fission Spectrum and Thermal Neutrons on {sup 239}Pu, {sup 235}U, {sup 238}U

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Selby, H.D.; Mac Innes, M.R.; Barr, D.W.; Keksis, A.L.; Meade, R.A.; Burns, C.J.; Chadwick, M.B.; Wallstrom, T.C.

    2010-12-15

    We describe measurements of fission product data at Los Alamos that are important for determining the number of fissions that have occurred when neutrons are incident on plutonium and uranium isotopes. The fission-spectrum measurements were made using a fission chamber designed by the National Institute for Standards and Technology (NIST) in the BIG TEN critical assembly, as part of the Inter-laboratory Liquid Metal Fast Breeder Reactor (LMFBR) Reaction Rate (ILRR) collaboration. The thermal measurements were made at Los Alamos' Omega West Reactor. A related set of measurements were made of fission-product ratios (so-called R-values) in neutron environments provided by a number of Los Alamos critical assemblies that range from having average energies causing fission of 400-600 keV (BIG TEN and the outer regions of the Flattop-25 assembly) to higher energies (1.4-1.9 MeV) in the Jezebel, and in the central regions of the Flattop-25 and Flattop-Pu, critical assemblies. From these data we determine ratios of fission product yields in different fuel and neutron environments (Q-values) and fission product yields in fission spectrum neutron environments for {sup 99}Mo, {sup 95}Zr, {sup 137}Cs, {sup 140}Ba, {sup 141,143}Ce, and {sup 147}Nd. Modest incident-energy dependence exists for the {sup 147}Nd fission product yield; this is discussed in the context of models for fission that include thermal and dynamical effects. The fission product data agree with measurements by Maeck and other authors using mass-spectrometry methods, and with the ILRR collaboration results that used gamma spectroscopy for quantifying fission products. We note that the measurements also contradict earlier 1950s historical Los Alamos estimates by {approx}5-7%, most likely owing to self-shielding corrections not made in the early thermal measurements. Our experimental results provide a confirmation of the England-Rider ENDF/B-VI evaluated fission-spectrum fission product yields that were carried over to the ENDF/B-VII.0 library, except for {sup 99}Mo where the present results are about 4%-relative higher for neutrons incident on {sup 239}Pu and {sup 235}U. Additionally, our results illustrate the importance of representing the incident energy dependence of fission product yields over the fast neutron energy range for high-accuracy work, for example the {sup 147}Nd from neutron reactions on plutonium. An upgrade to the ENDF library, for ENDF/B-VII.1, based on these and other data, is described in a companion paper to this work.

  12. Oil-free centrifugal hydrogen compression technology demonstration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heshmat, Hooshang

    2014-05-31

    One of the key elements in realizing a mature market for hydrogen vehicles is the deployment of a safe and efficient hydrogen production and delivery infrastructure on a scale that can compete economically with current fuels. The challenge, however, is that hydrogen, being the lightest and smallest of gases with a lower viscosity and density than natural gas, readily migrates through small spaces and is difficult to compresses efficiently. While efficient and cost effective compression technology is crucial to effective pipeline delivery of hydrogen, the compression methods used currently rely on oil lubricated positive displacement (PD) machines. PD compression technology is very costly, has poor reliability and durability, especially for components subjected to wear (e.g., valves, rider bands and piston rings) and contaminates hydrogen with lubricating fluid. Even so called “oil-free” machines use oil lubricants that migrate into and contaminate the gas path. Due to the poor reliability of PD compressors, current hydrogen producers often install duplicate units in order to maintain on-line times of 98-99%. Such machine redundancy adds substantially to system capital costs. As such, DOE deemed that low capital cost, reliable, efficient and oil-free advanced compressor technologies are needed. MiTi’s solution is a completely oil-free, multi-stage, high-speed, centrifugal compressor designed for flow capacity of 500,000 kg/day with a discharge pressure of 1200 psig. The design employs oil-free compliant foil bearings and seals to allow for very high operating speeds, totally contamination free operation, long life and reliability. This design meets the DOE’s performance targets and achieves an extremely aggressive, specific power metric of 0.48 kW-hr/kg and provides significant improvements in reliability/durability, energy efficiency, sealing and freedom from contamination. The multi-stage compressor system concept has been validated through full scale performance testing of a single stage with helium similitude gas at full speed in accordance with ASME PTC-10. The experimental results indicated that aerodynamic performance, with respect to compressor discharge pressure, flow, power and efficiency exceeded theoretical prediction. Dynamic testing of a simulated multistage centrifugal compressor was also completed under a parallel program to validate the integrity and viability of the system concept. The results give strong confidence in the feasibility of the multi-stage design for use in hydrogen gas transportation and delivery from production locations to point of use.

  13. Southern Nevada Alternative Fuels Demonstration Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hyde, Dan; Fast, Matthew

    2009-12-31

    The Southern Nevada Alternative Fuels Program is designed to demonstrate, in a day-to-day bus operation, the reliability and efficiency of a hydrogen bus operation under extreme conditions. By using ICE technology and utilizing a virtually emission free fuel, benefits to be derived include air quality enhancement and vehicle performance improvements from domestically produced, renewable energy sources. The project objective is to help both Ford and the City demonstrate and evaluate the performance characteristics of the E-450 H2ICE shuttle buses developed by Ford, which use a 6.8-liter supercharged Triton V-10 engine with a hydrogen storage system equivalent to 29 gallons of gasoline. The technology used during the demonstration project in the Ford buses is a modified internal combustion engine that allows the vehicles to run on 100% hydrogen fuel. Hydrogen gives a more thorough fuel burn which results in more power and responsiveness and less pollution. The resultant emissions from the tailpipe are 2010 Phase II compliant with NO after treatment. The City will lease two of these E-450 H2ICE buses from Ford for two years. The buses are outfitted with additional equipment used to gather information needed for the evaluation. Performance, reliability, safety, efficiency, and rider comments data will be collected. The method of data collection will be both electronically and manually. Emissions readings were not obtained during the project. The City planned to measure the vehicle exhaust with an emissions analyzer machine but discovered the bus emission levels were below the capability of their machine. Passenger comments were solicited on the survey cards. The majority of comments were favorable. The controllable issues encountered during this demonstration project were mainly due to the size of the hydrogen fuel tanks at the site and the amount of fuel that could be dispensed during a specified period of time. The uncontrollable issues encountered during this project were related to the economy and the budget cutbacks required during the project duration, which resulted in fewer bus drivers than expected the ultimate shut down of the City’s downtown bus operations.

  14. Radionuclide Partitioning in an Underground Nuclear Test Cavity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rose, T P; Hu, Q; Zhao, P; Conrado, C L; Dickerson, R; Eaton, G F; Kersting, A B; Moran, J E; Nimz, G; Powell, B A; Ramon, E C; Ryerson, F J; Williams, R W; Wooddy, P T; Zavarin, M

    2009-01-09

    In 2004, a borehole was drilled into the 1983 Chancellor underground nuclear test cavity to investigate the distribution of radionuclides within the cavity. Sidewall core samples were collected from a range of depths within the re-entry hole and two sidetrack holes. Upon completion of drilling, casing was installed and a submersible pump was used to collect groundwater samples. Test debris and groundwater samples were analyzed for a variety of radionuclides including the fission products {sup 99}Tc, {sup 125}Sb, {sup 129}I, {sup 137}Cs, and {sup 155}Eu, the activation products {sup 60}Co, {sup 152}Eu, and {sup 154}Eu, and the actinides U, Pu, and Am. In addition, the physical and bulk chemical properties of the test debris were characterized using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and Electron Microprobe measurements. Analytical results were used to evaluate the partitioning of radionuclides between the melt glass, rubble, and groundwater phases in the Chancellor test cavity. Three comparative approaches were used to calculate partitioning values, though each method could not be applied to every nuclide. These approaches are based on: (1) the average Area 19 inventory from Bowen et al. (2001); (2) melt glass, rubble, and groundwater mass estimates from Zhao et al. (2008); and (3) fission product mass yield data from England and Rider (1994). The U and Pu analyses of the test debris are classified and partitioning estimates for these elements were calculated directly from the classified Miller et al. (2002) inventory for the Chancellor test. The partitioning results from this study were compared to partitioning data that were previously published by the IAEA (1998). Predictions of radionuclide distributions from the two studies are in agreement for a majority of the nuclides under consideration. Substantial differences were noted in the partitioning values for {sup 99}Tc, {sup 125}Sb, {sup 129}I, and uranium. These differences are attributable to two factors: chemical volatility effects that occur during the initial plasma condensation, and groundwater remobilization that occurs over a much longer time frame. Fission product partitioning is very sensitive to the early cooling history of the test cavity because the decay of short-lived (t{sub 1/2} < 1 hour) fission-chain precursors occurs on the same time scale as melt glass condensation. Fission product chains that include both volatile and refractory elements, like the mass 99, 125, and 129 chains, can show large variations in partitioning behavior depending on the cooling history of the cavity. Uranium exhibits similar behavior, though the chemical processes are poorly understood. The water temperature within the Chancellor cavity remains elevated (75 C) more than two decades after the test. Under hydrothermal conditions, high solubility chemical species such as {sup 125}Sb and {sup 129}I are readily dissolved and transported in solution. SEM analyses of melt glass samples show clear evidence of glass dissolution and secondary hydrothermal mineral deposition. Remobilization of {sup 99}Tc is also expected during hydrothermal activity, but moderately reducing conditions within the Chancellor cavity appear to limit the transport of {sup 99}Tc. It is recommended that the results from this study should be used together with the IAEA data to update the range in partitioning values for contaminant transport models at the Nevada National Security Site (formerly known as the Nevada Test Site).