Sample records for rice cultivation crop

  1. asian cultivated rice: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Websites Summary: Abstract In northern Laos, upland rice is grown as a subsistence crop under rainfed conditions or three years between rice crops. In this paper the impact...

  2. Effect of industrial by-products containing electron acceptors on mitigating methane emission during rice cultivation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ali, Muhammad Aslam [Department of Environmental Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh 2202 (Bangladesh); Lee, Chang Hoon [Functional Cereal Crop Research Division, National Institute of Crop Science, RDA, 1085, Naey-dong, Milyang (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Sang Yoon [Division of Applied Life Science, Graduate School (Brain Korea 21 Program), Gyeongsang National University, Jinju 660-701 (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Pil Joo [Division of Applied Life Science, Graduate School (Brain Korea 21 Program), Gyeongsang National University, Jinju 660-701 (Korea, Republic of); Institute of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju 660-701 (Korea, Republic of)], E-mail: pjkim@gnu.ac.kr

    2009-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Three industrial by-products (fly ash, phosphogypsum and blast furnace slag), were evaluated for their potential re-use as soil amendments to reduce methane (CH{sub 4}) emission resulting from rice cultivation. In laboratory incubations, CH{sub 4} production rates from anoxic soil slurries were significantly reduced at amendment levels of 0.5%, 1%, 2% and 5% (wt wt{sup -1}), while observed CO{sub 2} production rates were enhanced. The level of suppression in methane production was the highest for phosphogypsum, followed by blast slag and then fly ash. In the greenhouse experiment, CH{sub 4} emission rates from the rice planted potted soils significantly decreased with the increasing levels (2-20 Mg ha{sup -1}) of the selected amendments applied, while rice yield simultaneously increased compared to the control treatment. At 10 Mg ha{sup -1} application level of the amendments, total seasonal CH{sub 4} emissions were reduced by 20%, 27% and 25%, while rice grain yields were increased by 17%, 15% and 23% over the control with fly ash, phosphogypsum, and blast slag amendments, respectively. The suppression of CH{sub 4} production rates as well as total seasonal CH{sub 4} flux could be due to the increased concentrations of active iron, free iron, manganese oxides, and sulfate in the amended soil, which acted as electron acceptors and controlled methanogens' activity by limiting substrates availability. Among the amendments, blast furnace slag and fly ash contributed mainly to improve the soil nutrients balance and increased the soil pH level towards neutral point, but soil acidity was developed with phosphogypsum application. Conclusively, blast slag among the selected amendments would be a suitable soil amendment for reducing CH{sub 4} emissions as well as sustaining rice productivity.

  3. The Impact of Tenure Arrangements and Crop Rotations on Upper Gulf Coast Rice Farms.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perry, Gregory M.; Rister, M. Edward; Richardson, James W.; Grant, Warren R.; Sij, John W. Jr

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    I ____J - TDOC Z TA245 .7 8873 N0.1530 The Impact Of Tenure Arrangements And Crop Rotations On Upper Gulf Coast Rice Farms The Texas Agricultural Experiment Station/ Neville P. Clarke, Director/ The Texas A&M University System/ College... .. . .. . . .................. . . . . . .. . ... .. .... ... 88 PREFACE This bulletin reports economic analyses of the effects of important variables affecting the viability of rice-soybean farming operations in the Texas Upper Gulf Coast region. The study attempts to recognize many factors that affect...

  4. Second Africa Rice Congress, Bamako, Mali, 2226 March 2010: Innovation and Partnerships to Realize Africa's Rice Potential 2.12.1 Identification of the main constraints for upland rice crop in direct-seeding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    from 2003/04 to 2008/09. Treatments compared were two soil management techniques: conventional tillage permanent protection of soil, have opened up new possibilities of sustainability for the upland rice systems in the lowlands led to the development of upland rice. To tackle the sustainability problem of upland crop

  5. Genomic organization of chromosomal centromeres in the cultivated rice, Oryza sativa L., and its wild progenitor, O. rufipogon Griff.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Uhm, Taesik

    2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Centromeres are responsible for sister-chromatid cohesion, kinetochore formation, and accurate transmission of chromosomes. Rice provides an excellent model for organizational and functional studies of centromeres since several of its chromosomes...

  6. Stylosanthes guianensis as a short-term fallow crop for improving upland rice productivity in northern Laos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Kessel, Chris

    ) to 83 days after rice sowing (DARS) in two experiments. In experiment 1, stylo was grown as a one of 55% when stylo was seeded at the same time as rice (0 DARS). When stylo was seeded later than 15 DARS

  7. accumulating rice mutant: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    crop under rainfed conditions with no Biology and Medicine Websites Summary: Abstract In northern Laos, upland rice is grown as a subsistence crop under rainfed conditions or...

  8. allotetraploid rice species: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    crop under rainfed conditions with no Biology and Medicine Websites Summary: Abstract In northern Laos, upland rice is grown as a subsistence crop under rainfed conditions or...

  9. Forage Crops in Northwest Texas.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Conner, A. B. (Arthur Benjamin)

    1908-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ...................... Preparing. Seeding and Cultivating the Land 18 I I Harvesting the Crop; Yield per Acre ............................ 18 I ! FORAGE CROPS AT AMARILLO ....................................... 18... are the disk harrow, the spike-toothed harrow, tne sled-cultivator. and the ordinary large shovel cultivator. In some portions of this territory from ten to twelve successive crops of sorghum have been grown on the same land; this, however, is not a common...

  10. Red Rice Research and Control. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baker, John B.; Baldwin, Ford L.; Bourgeois, W.J.; Cox, Clodis H.; Craigmiles, Julian P.; Dishman, William D.; Eastin, E. Ford; Helpert, Charles W.; Hill, Lewis C.; Huey, Bobby A.; Klosterboer, Arlen D.; Sonnier, Earl A.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ...................................... 10 E. A. Sonnier RED RICE CONTROL IN ALTERNATE CROPS ................................ 16 F. L. Baldwin ..# RED RICE CONTROL ..................................................lg B. A. Huey and F. L. Baldwin RED RICE HERBICIDE SCREENING TESTS...-to-date information available on a subject of major concern to rice producers. E. F. Eastin, editor The Texas Agricultural Experiment Station Beaumont INTRODUCTION J. P. Craigmiles The purpose of t h i s red r i c e symposium i s straightforward and simple...

  11. Drying Rough Rice in Storage.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sorenson, J. W. Jr.; Crane, L. E.

    1960-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Drying. Rough Rice in Storage Ih AGRf""' TURP YPERIMENT STAT10 I. TEXAS SUMMARY Research was conducted at the Rice-Pasture Experiment Station near Beaumont during 7 crop years (1952-53 through 1958-59) to determine the engineering problems... and the practicability of dry- ing rough rice in storage in Texas. Drying rice in storage means drying rice in the same bin in which it is to be stored. Rough rice, with initial moisture contents of 15.0 to 23.0 percent, was dried at depths of 4 to 10 feet...

  12. The influence of cropping systems on inoculum density of Rhizoctonia solani and sheath blight of rice (Oryza sativa)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Belmar, Scott Bradley

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    fertilizer are applied which predispose the plants to the sheath blight pathogen (23). In addition, the plants have an inherent dense and compact canopy which increases relative humidity, lengthens dew periods, and thus creates an enviroment favorable... disease. Plant Dis. 67:829-832. 16. Narchetti, M. A. 1983. Potential impact of sheath blight on yield and milling quality of short-satured rice lines in the southern United States. Plant Dis. 67:162-165. 17. Marshall, D. S. , and Rush, M. C. 1980...

  13. Texas Rice, Volume III, Number 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    at both PhilRice and IRRI, but due to the international debate over GM crops and opposi- tion by Filipino citizens over the field testing of transgenics, only PhilRice conducted the outdoor trials in 2002. Rice breeders in the United States have been very...

  14. High biofuel production of Botryococcus braunii using optimized cultivation strategies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Wei

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    scale microalgae cultivation is expensive and energy-J.K. Lim, Microalgae as a sustainable energy source forproductivity of microalgae is inferior to energy crop. In

  15. astroglia cells cultivated: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    describing their ... Rosenbaum, Eric (Eric Ross) 2009-01-01 269 AS AFFECTED BY ROTATION CROP, CULTIVATION, CiteSeer Summary: Reduction of dependence on herbicides in potato...

  16. Characterization of paralogous protein families in rice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Haining

    Background: High gene numbers in plant genomes reflect polyploidy and major gene duplication events. Oryza sativa, cultivated rice, is a diploid monocotyledonous species with a ~390 Mb genome that has undergone segmental ...

  17. Texas Rice, Highlights in Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    year are the con- ventional varieties: Cocodrie (La), Trenasse (La), Presidio (Tx), Sabine (Tx), Spring (Ar), Cybonnet (Ar), CL161 (Horizon Ag), and CL171 (Horizon Ag). The hybrid from RiceTec included for the second or more year is XL723.../A) was achieved for Spring and Cheniere when Quadris plus Tilt was applied to the main crop. At Eagle Lake, main crop fungicide increased main crop yield 300 to 450 lbs/A for some varieties. Main crop plus ratoon crop fungicide did not consistently improve...

  18. Golden Rice: Genetically Modified to Reduce Vitamin A Deficiency, Benefit or Hazard?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buu, MyMy

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2001;125:4-8. 3. Bonetta L. GM crops under new US scrutiny.2). Subsequently, the first GM crops were introduced in thespecifically describing a GM crop, Golden Rice, developed to

  19. REVIEW ARTICLE Aerobic rice for water-saving agriculture. A review

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    of new aerobic rice cultivars, nutrient management practice, crop rotation, and soil acidification of water resources has led to the development and adoption of aerobic rice system, which saves water input. In an aerobic rice system, the crop can be dry direct-seeded or transplanted and soils are kept aerobic

  20. Texas Rice, Volume IV, Number 9, Winter Issue 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Civic Center • Cash flow Analysis of Rice Farming • Varietal Performance • Varietal Survey Data for 2004 • Second Crop Management • Disease Management • Registering Water Wells • Farm Policy Outlook • Rice Market Outlook • Weed Management • insect... and then, the hard work of our people comes back in the form of praise and recognition. During this month’s Rice Outlook Conference, I had the pleasure of visiting with some of the rice research and extension leaders from across the U.S. The number of times...

  1. Texas Rice, Volume IV, Number 9, Winter Issue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Crop Planting Everyone agreed it was imperative to have the rice crop planted by April 15 th to allow time for the ratoon crop to mature. Ideal seedling population varies with seed treatments, cultivars and environmental conditions, with suggestions... density is too high with good tillering rice, then disease pressure may cause problems. Varieties like Jefferson require 15 - 20 plants per ft 2 for best performance. On heavy clay soils, most agreed seeding rate should be increased. continued on next...

  2. Ecological, Economic and Policy Alternatives for Texas Rice Agriculture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alston, Letitia T.; Lacher, Thomas E.; Slack, R. Douglas; Vedlitz, Arnold; Woodward, Richard T.; Franklin, James C.; Canzoneri, Nicole; Conkey, April Ann Torres; Cowman, Deborah F.; Harris, Jeanine; Henry, April; Kennedy, Elizabeth; Krohn, Michelle R.; Mizell, Kelly; Nicholson, Jill; Tierce, Kelly; Wui, Yong-Sukh

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -consumptive benefits of wildlife. Little is known about the magnitude of the non-market benefits of rice. Using an analysis of valuation studies of natural wetlands, it was found that wildlife habitat, a service that is also provided by ricelands, can be quite... rice cultivation and the ecological services associated with it. However, relatively little hard data exist describing the relationship between land tenure and decision making. Similarly, conventional wisdom holds that at some point the rice...

  3. agrobacterium-mediated cry1ab-transformed rice: Topics by E-print...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    under rainfed conditions with no Biology and Medicine Websites Summary: Abstract In northern Laos, upland rice is grown as a subsistence crop under rainfed conditions or three...

  4. Taxonomy of cultivated potatoes (Solanum section Petota: Solanaceae)boj_1107 107..155

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spooner, David

    Taxonomy of cultivated potatoes (Solanum section Petota: Solanaceae)boj_1107 107..155 ANNA Solanum tuberosum, the cultivated potato of world commerce, is a primary food crop worldwide. Wild and cultivated potatoes form the germplasm base for international breeding efforts to improve potato in the face

  5. anoxic rice paddy: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Research was conducted at the Rice-Pasture Experiment Station near Beaumont during 7 crop years (1952-53 through 1958-59) to determine the engineering problems... and the...

  6. Texas Rice, Volume IV, Number 8

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    excited.” To Drain or Not to Drain? * 9 Proper water management is critical to rice farmers, for the health of their crop and their pocketbook. Excerpted from an article in Farm Press Daily by David Bennet, e-mail dbennett@primediabusiness.com The USDA...

  7. Texas Rice, Volume V, Number 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    will include Dr. Garry McCauley who will discuss man- agement for the ratoon crop, in- cluding main crop cutting height and methods to reduce stubble height. Dr. Mike Chandler will share his research on aerial applications of Command herbicide as well... as important considerations in red rice control systems. Dr. M.O. Way will discuss in- sect pests in both main and ratoon crop and will also provide informa- tion on Icon seed treatment alter- natives. Mike Jund will give an over- view of fertility requirements...

  8. Legislation Affecting the Rice Industry, 1933-56.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kincannon, John A.

    1956-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Agriculture, Agricultural Marketing Service, Washington, February 28, 1956. . In establishing the Act of 1949, it was decided that relatively high level supports were to remain in effect in 1950. However, beginning in 1951, the flexible support provisions.... The Secretary of Agriculture proclaimed acreage allotments a~id marketing quotas on December 31, 1954. The rice acreage was reduced 24.7 percent for the i 1955 crop. Rice producers held a referendum on February 28, 1955 to decide whether marketing quotas...

  9. Texas Rice, Volume III, Number 9, Winter Issue 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the Mad Island 2 From the Editor... Inside This Issue Grower Profile: Laurance Armour at Pierce Ranch ...........3 Shanghai Days Cowboy Gathering ....................................4 Report from the 2003 Rice Outlook Conference ...............9 Employee... less harvested acreage. GLOBALLY: NO BIG WEATHER PROBLEMS Looking into the new crop year, Childs said there doesn’t appear to be any strong factor that would buoy Report from the 2003 Rice Outlook Conference prices farther out. None of the major...

  10. The importance of rice fields for glossy ibis (Plegadis falcinellus): Management recommendations derived from an individual-based model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Figuerola, Jordi

    the possible effects of glossy ibis' population growth, reductions in the rice cultivated area, and changes test the hypothesis that the glossy ibis breeding population of Doñana can obtain its energy,000 birds, reaching 60% per year with a population of 100,000 birds. Cultivated area in Doñana suffers

  11. Texas Rice, Volume III, Number 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    research on plant hormones shows promise for increasing ratoon crop yields by about 500 lbs/ac, at minimal cost to the producer. Shortly after Lee was hired, the Center also hired Dr. Yubin Yang. Yubin has played a major role in su- pervising computer... treatments for control on main and ratoon crop rice. And with the goal of reducing pesticide use, and farmer input costs, the Entomology Project will evaluate varieties for host plant resistance to this potentially devastating pest. If you believe...

  12. Texas Rice, Volume 1, Number 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    will undoubtedly continue to remain actively involved with the Texas rice industry. With this issue, the High-Yielder’s Tips column be- comes a regular part of the newsletter. This month’s column summarizes useful information provided by Mike Burnside of Bay City.... Mike’s yields are consis- tently some of the best in the nation, and during the last couple of years they have approached 12,000 lbs/ ac dry weight for the combined main crop plus ratoon crop. Future High-Yielder’s Tips columns will include information...

  13. Leadership Rice Leadership Rice exists to encourage and equip Rice students to obtain significant

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

    206 Leadership Rice Leadership Rice exists to encourage and equip Rice students to obtain significant leadership roles at Rice and beyond. We provide leadership development opportunities capacity and strongest ambition for significant leadership. We seek to accomplish our mission through

  14. Texas Rice Production Guidelines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Way, M. O.; Cockrell, Jay

    2008-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

    This publication gives Texas rice farmers the latest research-based information about producing rice in Texas. Recommendations are based on research conducted by the Texas Agricultural Experiment Station and the USDA....

  15. www.newphytologist.org 1 Genetically modified (GM) rice with enhanced agronomic traits and pharmaceutical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snow, Allison A.

    with increasing distance from the GM crop, ranging from c. 0.28% at 0.2 m to production of GM rice raise questions related to biosafety, labeling, and consumer acceptance. As with all GM crops, information about gene flow, de

  16. World production, consumption and international trade of rice 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khan, Anwaruzzaman

    1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    crop used for that purpose. Rice stands almost unique in the form in vhioh it is oonsumed as food. It is generally boiled or steamers, and eaten vithout undergoing any further ohange. Other cereals& such as wheat and barley, undergo various changes...

  17. August 2005 / Vol. 55 No. 8 BioScience 669 Rice (Oryza sativa L.) is one of the world's most

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snow, Allison A.

    viruses, bacteria, unrelated crops,and other organisms (including humans) can be iden- tified agencies and international treaties. Experimental lines of transgenic rice have been developed with traits applications for experimental field tests of transgenic rice have been re- ceived since 1992 (table 1; ISB 2004

  18. Texas Rice, Highlights in Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for release. The varieties have allowed the introduction by BASF Corporation and use of Newpath, Beyond, and Clearpath herbicides in rice production. Newpath control of red rice has been very important in many production regions of Texas. Optimum red rice...

  19. Digital Library Initiative Rice University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Digital Library Initiative Rice University Project Management General guidelines for digital projects Contact: dli (at) rice (dot) edu October, 2007 #12;Digital Library Initiative, Rice University................................................................................................8 #12;Guidelines for managing digital projects Page 2 STATEMENT OF PURPOSE We recognized

  20. Musa x paradisiaca (Cultivated

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James R. Manhart

    2011-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Maize (Zea mays L.) is one of the main crops grown in the United States. Genetic improvement over the last century has seen a shift from using open-pollinated varieties to single cross hybrids. This has resulted in major grain yield gains...

  1. CERES: Cultivating Innovation

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Hamilton, Richard (CERES, President and CEO)

    2014-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

    CERES, with the help of ARPA-E funding, has rethought biofuels from the ground up. Their forward thinking approach to overcoming the traditional barriers for biofuels has resulted in creating high biomass feedstocks for switchgrass, sorghum, and miscanthus varietals. These new breeds grow taller and thicker on traditionally low rent farmland that doesn't compete with corn or other food crops.

  2. CERES: Cultivating Innovation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hamilton, Richard (CERES, President and CEO) [CERES, President and CEO

    2014-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

    CERES, with the help of ARPA-E funding, has rethought biofuels from the ground up. Their forward thinking approach to overcoming the traditional barriers for biofuels has resulted in creating high biomass feedstocks for switchgrass, sorghum, and miscanthus varietals. These new breeds grow taller and thicker on traditionally low rent farmland that doesn't compete with corn or other food crops.

  3. beans-rice-squash

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Date: Sun, 12 Sep 93 13:10:07 CDT From: --- Kidney Beans, Rice and Acorn Squash (or _What to Do With Acorn Squash_) 1 ...

  4. Production of Deuterated Switchgrass by Hydroponic Cultivation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Evans, Barbara R [ORNL; Bali, Garima [Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta; Foston, Marcus B [ORNL; Ragauskas, Arthur J [ORNL; O'Neill, Hugh Michael [ORNL; Shah, Riddhi S [ORNL; McGaughey, Joseph [ORNL; Reeves, David T [ORNL; Rempe, Caroline S [ORNL; Davison, Brian H [ORNL

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Deuterium enrichment of biological materials can potential enable expanded experimental use of small angle neutron scattering (SANS) to investigate molecular structural transitions of complex systems such as plant cell walls. Two key advances have been made that facilitate cultivation of switchgrass, an important forage and biofuel crop, for controlled isotopic enrichment: (1) perfusion system with individual chambers and (2) hydroponic growth from tiller cuttings. Plants were grown and maintained for several months with periodic harvest. Photosynthetic activity was monitored by measurement of CO2 in outflow from the growth chambers. Plant morphology and composition appeared normal compared to matched controls grown with H2O. Using this improved method, gram quantities of switchgrass leaves and stems were produced by continuous hydroponic cultivation using growth medium consisting of basal mineral salts in 50% D2O. Deuterium incorporation was confirmed by detection of the O-D and C-D stretching peaks with FTIR and quantified by 1H- and 2H-NMR. This capability to produce deuterated lignocellulosic biomass under controlled conditions will enhance investigation of cell wall structure and its deconstruction by neutron scattering and NMR techniques.

  5. Tea Oil Camellia: a New Edible Oil Crop for the United States John M. Ruter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Radcliffe, David

    1 Tea Oil Camellia: a New Edible Oil Crop for the United States© John M. Ruter The University@uga.edu INTRODUCTION Camellia oleifera has been cultivated in China as a source of edible oil. oleifera as a commercial oil seed crop for the southeast (Ruter, 2002). Considerable research is being

  6. THE POTENTIAL FOR MICRO-ALGAE AND OTHER "MICRO-CROPS" TO PRODUCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, Paul N.

    THE POTENTIAL FOR MICRO-ALGAE AND OTHER "MICRO-CROPS" TO PRODUCE SUSTAINABLE BIOFUELS A REVIEW INTRODUCTION Biofuel derived from algae and other micro-crops has been proposed as an environmentally benign transportation fuel. Algae can be cultivated on low productivity lands using low quality water. Interest in algae

  7. Influence of habitat and landscape perenniality on insect natural enemies in three candidate biofuel crops

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Landis, Doug

    biofuel crops Ben P. Werling a, , Timothy D. Meehan b , Claudio Gratton b , Douglas A. Landis April 2011 Accepted 22 June 2011 Available online 28 June 2011 Keywords: Biofuels Biodiversity Biological control Land use change a b s t r a c t Cultivation of biofuel crops could change agricultural

  8. MOVEMENT OF FEMALE WHITE-TAILED DEER: EFFECTS OF CLIMATE AND INTENSIVE ROW-CROP AGRICULTURE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1099 MOVEMENT OF FEMALE WHITE-TAILED DEER: EFFECTS OF CLIMATE AND INTENSIVE ROW-CROP AGRICULTURE in intensively (>80%) cultivated areas. From January 2001 to August 2002, we monitored movements of 77 (61 adult of seasonal migration, whereas crop emergence and harvest had minimal effects. Four deer (8%) dispersed a mean

  9. Red rice control in rice using herbicides plus safeners

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Price, James Bain

    1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    RED RICE CONTROL IN RICE USING HERBICIDES PLUS SAFENERS A Thesis by JAMES BAIN PRICE, IV Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1977 Major... Subject: Agronomy RED RICE CONTROL IN RICE USING HERBICIDES PLUS SAFENERS A Thesis by JAMES BAIN PRICE, IV Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman of Committee Head of Department (Member) (Member) Memb May 1977 ABSTRACT Red Rice...

  10. Leadership Rice The mission of Leadership Rice is to help Rice University undergraduates from

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

    189 Leadership Rice The mission of Leadership Rice is to help Rice University undergraduates from all disciplines build their leadership capacities to create and manage change ef- fectively. Leadership Rice explores how heart and mind, theory and practice, and ideas and actions come together

  11. Leadership Rice Leadership Rice exists to encourage and equip Rice students to obtain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

    Leadership Rice Leadership Rice exists to encourage and equip Rice students to obtain leadership roles at Rice and beyond. We provide leadership development opportunities to undergraduates from every ambition for leadership. We seek to accomplish our mission through a blend of curricular and co

  12. Leadership Rice The mission of Leadership RiceistohelpRiceUniversityundergraduates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

    189 Leadership Rice The mission of Leadership RiceistohelpRiceUniversityundergraduates fromalldisciplinesbuildtheirleadershipcapacitiestocreateandmanage changeeffectively.LeadershipRiceexploreshowheartandmind,theoryand practice,andideasandactionscometogethertofacilitatechange. Theintroductorycourse,LEAD309Leadership: Theory to Practice (formerly UNIV309),isrequiredtoapplyforparticipationinthe

  13. Increasing herbicide selectivity between rice and red rice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koetz, Paul Howard

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    INCREASING HERBICIDE SEIZCTIVITY BETWEEN RICE AND RED RICE A Thesis by PAUL HOWARD KOETZ Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas AAN University 'n partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of' WASTER OF SCIENCE August 1982... major Subject: Agronomy INCREASING HERBICIDE SELECTIVITY BETWEEN RICE AND RED RICE A Thesis by PAUL HOWARD KOETZ Approved as to style and content by (Chairman of Committee) (Member (Member) (Head of Departmen August l982 ABSTRACT Increasing...

  14. Texas Rice, Highlights in Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    &M University and the owner of the herbicide resistance gene associated with Clearfield Technology, BASF. X-rice: Texas Mutant Rice That May Answer Query For Function Controlled By Specific Dna Sequence Mutants are odds since these usually have unusual...

  15. The Composition of Rice By-products.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fraps, G. S. (George Stronach)

    1904-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to the rice. e products of this machine are rice bran, some flour, and clean rice. The final process consists in polishing the rice, which gives it a ter. The by-product from this process is rice. polish. The polished rice is sorted into different grades...*7 TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATIONS BULLETIN NO. 73. The Composition of Rice By-Products. POSTOFFICE: COLLEGE STATION, BRAZOS COUNTY, TEXAS. 1904 THE BRYAN EAGLE BRYAN, TEXAS TEXAS AGRICULTURi - - OFFIGERS -- GOVERNING BOARD...

  16. Leadership Rice The mission of Leadership Rice is to help Rice University undergraduates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

    194 Leadership Rice The mission of Leadership Rice is to help Rice University undergraduates from all disciplines build their leadership capacities to create and manage change effectively. Leadership to facilitate change. The introductory course, LEAD 309 Leadership: Theory to Practice (formerly UNIV 309

  17. Wind Turbines Benefit Crops

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Takle, Gene

    2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ames Laboratory associate scientist Gene Takle talks about research into the effect of wind turbines on nearby crops. Preliminary results show the turbines may have a positive effect by cooling and drying the crops and assisting with carbon dioxide uptake.

  18. Wind Turbines Benefit Crops

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Takle, Gene

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ames Laboratory associate scientist Gene Takle talks about research into the effect of wind turbines on nearby crops. Preliminary results show the turbines may have a positive effect by cooling and drying the crops and assisting with carbon dioxide uptake.

  19. CROP & SOIL SCIENCES Soybean Breeding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnold, Jonathan

    CROP & SOIL SCIENCES Soybean Breeding Committee Membership Dr. Joseph Bouton - committee chair Dr. Brian Schwartz Department of Crop & Soil Sciences Department of Crop & Soil Sciences University & Soil Sciences Department of Crop & Soil Sciences University of Georgia University of Georgia Center

  20. CROP & SOIL SCIENCES Forage Breeding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnold, Jonathan

    CROP & SOIL SCIENCES Forage Breeding Committee Membership Dr. Joseph Bouton - committee chair Dr. Brian Schwartz Department of Crop & Soil Sciences Department of Crop & Soil Sciences University & Soil Sciences Department of Crop & Soil Sciences University of Georgia University of Georgia Center

  1. Transgenic Expression of the Dicotyledonous Pattern Recognition Receptor EFR in Rice Leads to Ligand-Dependent Activation of Defense Responses

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Schwessinger, Benjamin; Bahar, Ofir; Thomas, Nicolas; Holton, Nicolas; Nekrasov, Vladimir; Ruan, Deling; Canlas, Patrick E.; Daudi, Arsalan; Petzold, Christopher J.; Singan, Vasanth R.; et al

    2015-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Plant plasma membrane localized pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) detect extracellular pathogen-associated molecules. PRRs such as Arabidopsis EFR and rice XA21 are taxonomically restricted and are absent from most plant genomes. Here we show that rice plants expressing EFR or the chimeric receptor EFR::XA21, containing the EFR ectodomain and the XA21 intracellular domain, sense both Escherichia coli- and Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae (Xoo)-derived elf18 peptides at sub-nanomolar concentrations. Treatment of EFR and EFR::XA21 rice leaf tissue with elf18 leads to MAP kinase activation, reactive oxygen production and defense gene expression. Although expression of EFR does not lead to robust enhanced resistancemore »to fully virulent Xoo isolates, it does lead to quantitatively enhanced resistance to weakly virulent Xoo isolates. EFR interacts with OsSERK2 and the XA21 binding protein 24 (XB24), two key components of the rice XA21-mediated immune response. Rice-EFR plants silenced for OsSERK2, or overexpressing rice XB24 are compromised in elf18-induced reactive oxygen production and defense gene expression indicating that these proteins are also important for EFR-mediated signaling in transgenic rice. Taken together, our results demonstrate the potential feasibility of enhancing disease resistance in rice and possibly other monocotyledonous crop species by expression of dicotyledonous PRRs. Our results also suggest that Arabidopsis EFR utilizes at least a subset of the known endogenous rice XA21 signaling components.« less

  2. Fondren Library Rice University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fondren Library Rice University Digital Preservation Strategy DRAFT Last revised September 12, 2007 materials will be preserved. Digital resources are part of Fondren Library's Collections and, are subject decisions are made on the basis of these recommendations, Fondren Library's strategic Plan?, the digital

  3. Rice Glycosyltransferase (GT) Phylogenomic Database

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Ronald, Pamela

    The Ronald Laboratory staff at the University of California-Davis has a primary research focus on the genes of the rice plant. They study the role that genetics plays in the way rice plants respond to their environment. They created the Rice GT Database in order to integrate functional genomic information for putative rice Glycosyltransferases (GTs). This database contains information on nearly 800 putative rice GTs (gene models) identified by sequence similarity searches based on the Carbohydrate Active enZymes (CAZy) database. The Rice GT Database provides a platform to display user-selected functional genomic data on a phylogenetic tree. This includes sequence information, mutant line information, expression data, etc. An interactive chromosomal map shows the position of all rice GTs, and links to rice annotation databases are included. The format is intended to "facilitate the comparison of closely related GTs within different families, as well as perform global comparisons between sets of related families." [From http://ricephylogenomics.ucdavis.edu/cellwalls/gt/genInfo.shtml] See also the primary paper discussing this work: Peijian Cao, Laura E. Bartley, Ki-Hong Jung and Pamela C. Ronalda. Construction of a Rice Glycosyltransferase Phylogenomic Database and Identification of Rice-Diverged Glycosyltransferases. Molecular Plant, 2008, 1(5): 858-877.

  4. Increased European biofuel cultivation could harm human health1 by James Morgan for www.scienceomega.com2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    South Bohemia, University of

    Increased European biofuel cultivation could harm human health1 by James Morgan for www that the large-scale production of biofuels in4 Europe could result in increased human mortality and crop losses that many biofuel plant species, including poplar and willow, release more isoprene ­ an6 ozone precursor

  5. Rice Supply, Demand and Related Government Programs.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kincannon, John A.

    1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    surpluses of U. S. rice. The flow of U. S. rice through foreign import channels improved again in 1950 because the Korean War -again disrupted production in the Orient. Rice production since 1952 has reached a normal level in Asia and South America..., and the U. S. has suffered a considerable loss in foreign outlets for surplus rice stocks. Although increased rice production during and after the war, combined with high rice prices, has Figure 7. Rice, milled. including broken rice used by brewers...

  6. Cooking with Rice (not instant)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anding, Jenna

    2008-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

    This fact sheet describes the nutritional value and safe storage of rice, a commodity food. It also offers food preparation ideas....

  7. LASER SAFETY MANUAL 2014 RICE UNIVERSITY 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Natelson, Douglas

    LASER SAFETY MANUAL 2014 RICE UNIVERSITY 1 Rice University Laser Safety Manual Environmental Health and Safety MS 123 P.O. Box 1892 Houston, TX 77251-1892 January 2014 #12;LASER SAFETY MANUAL 2014 RICE UNIVERSITY 2 Introduction The objective of the Rice University Laser Safety program is to assist all levels

  8. Fermilab Today | Rice University

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power AdministrationField8,Dist. CategoryFebruaryFebruaryInThe,Michigan StateOklahoma380901234Rice

  9. The rice kinase database. A phylogenomic database for the rice kinome.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dardick, Christopher; Chen, Johann; Richter, Todd; Ouyang, Shu; Ronald, Pamela

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Bioinformatics The Rice Kinase Database.A Phylogenomic Database for the Rice Kinome 1[OA]created a phylogenomic database (http://rkd.ucdavis.edu) to

  10. Texas Rice, Highlights in Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , other herbicides will be needed for control of leguminous weeds such as hemp sesbania and jointvetch. Research on this project was conducted by Brian Ottis, Garry McCauley and Mike Chandler. For mor information contact Dr. Mike Chandler at 979...-845-8736 or email jm-chandler@tamu.edu. Brian Ottis and Dr. Mike Chandler Texas Rice Special Section - VIII Weed Management Systems in Rice In addition to traditional Extension Activities, an extensive weed control re- search program is conducted annually in rice...

  11. Information Basic to Adjustments in Rice Production in Texas.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bonnen, C. A. (Clarence Alfred); Magee, A. C. (Aden Combs)

    1945-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . ................... Usual Practices in the Production of Rice. ...................... Rice Varieties. .......................................... Usual Field Operations. .................................. ............. Labor and Power Requirements for Rice Production... and Production Requirements of Beef Cattle on Rice Farms. Farm Power ..................................................... Cost of Tractor Work. ........................................ Power Costs for Pumping. ..................................... Cost...

  12. CROP & SOIL SCIENCES Irrigation Specialist

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnold, Jonathan

    CROP & SOIL SCIENCES Irrigation Specialist Committee Membership Dr. John Beasley - committee chair Dr. Jared Whitaker Department of Crop & Soil Sciences Department of Crop & Soil Sciences University: (229) 386-7308 Fax: (912) 681-0376 Dr. Robert Carrow Dr. Mark Risse Department of Crop & Soil Sciences

  13. CROP & SOIL SCIENCES Quantitative Genomics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnold, Jonathan

    CROP & SOIL SCIENCES Quantitative Genomics Committee Membership Dr. Scott Jackson - committee chair Dr. Peng-Wah Chee Department of Crop & Soil Sciences Department of Crop & Soil Sciences University of Horticulture Department of Crop & Soil Sciences University of Georgia University of Georgia 2360 Rainwater Rd

  14. Evaluation of rice husk ash as filler in tread compounds

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fernandes, M. R. S., E-mail: monica.fernandes@lanxess.com [Lanxess Elastômeros do Brasil S.A., Brasil and Instituto de Química, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (UERJ) (Brazil); Furtado, C. R. G., E-mail: russi@globo.com, E-mail: ana.furtado.sousa@gmail.com; Sousa, A. M. F. de, E-mail: russi@globo.com, E-mail: ana.furtado.sousa@gmail.com [Instituto de Química, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (UERJ) (Brazil)

    2014-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Rice which is one of the largest agriculture crops produces around 22% of rice rusk during its milling process. This material is mainly used as fuel for energy generation, which results in an ash, which disposal represents an environmental issue. The rice husk ash (RHA) contains over than 70% of silica in an amorphous form and a lot of applications is being developed for it all over the world. The use of silica as a filler in the tire industry is growing since it contributes significantly to the reduction of fuel consumption of the automobiles, allowing at the same time better traction (safety). This paper presents an evaluation of the use of RHA as filler in rubber tread compounds prepared in lab scale and compares its performance with compounds prepared with commercial silica and carbon black, the fillers normally used in tire industry. Mechanical and rheological properties are evaluated, with emphasis for tan delta as an indicator of tread performance related with rolling resistance (fuel consumption) and wet grip/traction (safety)

  15. Texas Rice, Highlights in Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    was included at Beaumont; while a blanket application of Command was applied in Eagle Lake to provide season long weed control throughout the study. Rice was visually evaluated for stunting, and plant samples were measured biweekly for root and shoot length..., do not carry this mutation. We have used this information to develop DNA markers that will clearly detect the presence of these natural gene mutations that influence amylose content and starch pasting properties. With these markers rice breeders could...

  16. Fertilizers for Rice in Texas.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reynolds, E. B. (Elbert Brunner); Wyche, R. H. (Robert Henry)

    1929-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    LIBRARY, CAMPUS. TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION 1 BULLETIN NO. 398 , DIVISION OF AGRONOMY FERTILIZERS FOR RICE IN TEXAS GRICULTURAL AND MECHANICAL COLLEGE OF TEXAS T. 0. \\\\TALTON, President STATION DMINISTRATION: A. B. CONNER, M. S... of Agriculture. ***Tm n,,nn-n+;,n "4th thm Cphnnl nf Aon~l~lt~lrp Experiments with fertilizers on rice at Substation No. 4, Texas Agricultural Experiment Station, Beaumont, Texas, show that the soils responded to nitrogen and phosphoric acid, but nitrogen...

  17. Effect of N level on rice yield, nitrogen accumulation and rice blast occurrence under rice intercropping system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tang, Li; Lu, Guoli; Cu, Yiou; Zhang, Chaochun; Zhang, Fusuo; Zheng, Yi

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1 Effects of nitrogen levels on incidence of leaf blast andal. Effects of nitrogen and silicon nutrition on rice blastsame column. Effect of high N rate on rice blast High N rate

  18. Texas Rice, Volume 1, Number 2 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This Issue Early Season Growth and Development.................... 3 Researcher in the News: Anna McClung....................5 Grower Profile: Robert Bauer and Sons......................7 Marketing News... of Robert Bauer and his family’s contribution to the rice industry. Robert is a leading figure in the rice industry. Robert says he is stepping down as President of the Texas Rice Improvement Association and plans to retire from rice production, but he...

  19. LASER SAFETY MANUAL 2012 RICE UNIVERSITY 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Natelson, Douglas

    LASER SAFETY MANUAL 2012 RICE UNIVERSITY 1 Rice University Laser Safety Manual Environmental Health and Safety MS 123 P.O. Box 1892 Houston, TX 77251-1892 December 2012 #12;LASER SAFETY MANUAL 2012 RICE, and general procedures to aid those individuals working in the laser laboratory environment. It is intended

  20. Smarter Cropping: Internet program helps farmers make decisions about crops

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wythe, Kathy

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Story by Kathy Wythe tx H2O | pg. 26 Smarter Cropping Internet program helps farmers make decisions about crops Along the coastal plains of Texas, farmers and crop managers are using the Internet to make more informed decisions about growing...

  1. The Plant Genome [A Supplement to Crop Science] March 2008 No. 1 S-27 Genomic Origins of Potato

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spooner, David

    The Plant Genome [A Supplement to Crop Science] March 2008 No. 1 S-27 Genomic Origins of Potato., and Shelley H. Jansky Abstract Chromosome pairing relationships within cultivated potato (Solanum tuberosum we reexamine potato genome hypotheses with the first phylogenetic analysis of all major genomes

  2. Crop Insurance Terms and Definitions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stokes, Kenneth; Waller, Mark L.; Outlaw, Joe; Barnaby, G. A. Art

    2008-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

    This publication is a glossary of terms used by the crop insurance industry. There are definitions for terms used in crop insurance documents and for terms pertaining to coverage levels, farming, reports, units and parties to contracts....

  3. Biomass Energy Crops: Massachusetts' Potential

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schweik, Charles M.

    Biomass Energy Crops: Massachusetts' Potential Prepared for: Massachusetts Division of Energy;#12;Executive Summary In Massachusetts, biomass energy has typically meant wood chips derived from the region's extensive forest cover. Yet nationally, biomass energy from dedicated energy crops and from crop residues

  4. Plant Science 200: Modern Crop Production Instructor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Kuang-Yu

    classification, soil conservation and tillage. Crop classification and morphology (distinguish among the grains Crop Production Introduction Crop Importance Soil Survey/Soil Conservation Crop Classification /Sustainable Agriculture #12;References on Reserve in Chang Library: Forages: An Introduction to Grassland

  5. Texas Rice, Volume VI, Number 8

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    an interesting history that is very regional within the U.S. rice industry. At one extreme, brown-bagging in the Texas conventional long-grain market is almost non- existent. In contrast, an estimated 30-40% of Arkansas and Missouri farmers brown-bag rice seed... ..............................................................12 Sincerely, L.T. Wilson Professor and Center Director Jack B. Wendt Endowed Chair in Rice Research Welcome to the Octo- ber issue of Texas Rice. The U.S. long grain rice market has at least partially recov- ered from the impact...

  6. Texas Rice, Volume IV, Number 7 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Hemisphere’s de- mand for rough rice produced a strong appetite for U.S. rice, providing producers with excellent pricing in the second half of 2003 and the first of 2004. What’s next for the global economy and demand for commodities? The task at hand... and commodities in general. Why the pull back in rice prices? U.S. rice price weakness is at least, in part, coming as a result of the following: first, a reduced demand for long grain rough rice in the Western Hemisphere with emphasis on Bra- zil; second...

  7. Texas Rice, Highlights in Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Herbicide resistant for red rice control CL161 and CL-XL8. L to R: Mike Jund, Research Associate, Dr. Fred Turner, Professor of Soil and Plant Nutrition, and Darrell Hagler, Technician II. Texas Rice Special Section - II Agronomic Management continued...Cauley, and Mike Chandler. For more information contact Dr. Garry McCauley at 979-234-3578 or email gmccaule@elc.net. Dr. Garry McCauley continued on next page New Chemistries for Weed Control Field weed science research in cooperation with several commercial...

  8. Insects Attacking Vegetable Crops.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newton, Weldon H.; Deer, James A.; Hamman, Philip J.; Wolfenbarger, Dan A.; Harding, James A.; Schuster, Michael F.

    1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of economic importance. Worms cause consider- able damage to grain sorghum heads, but they are cannibalistic and usually only one larva reaches full growth in each head as well as in each corn ear. BLACK CUTWORM, Agrotis ipsilon (Hufnagel) Cutworms.... They frequently do considerable damage to corn ears, similar to that caused by corn ear- worms. These worms also feed as "budworms" in grain sorghum and corn whorls. Unfolding leaves from whorls of such attacked crops are per- forated with holes. Like...

  9. Insects Attacking Vegetable Crops

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newton, Weldon H.; Deer, James A.; Hamman, Philip J.; Wolfenbarger, Dan A.; Harding, James A.; Schuster, Michael F.

    1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    THAT SUCK THE JUICES FROM FOLIAGE, FRUITS, STEMS AND ROOTS, CAUSING DISCOLORATION, STUNTING AND OTHER DAMAGE APHIDS Aphids are small, sluggish, soft-bodied insects often called plant lice. A number of species attack various crops, sucking plant sap..., peppers or dark brown with black leg joints, eyes and and tomatoes. cornicles. Aphids build up very rapidly and leave copious quantities of honeydew on leaves. Adults POPLAR PETIOLE GALL APHID, Pemphigus and nymphs suck juices from leaves, sapping...

  10. Variable Crop Share Leases.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sartin, Marvin; Sammons, Ray

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    )OC lAL45.7 173 1. 1224 Texas Agricultural Extension Service The Texas A&M University System Daniel C. Pfannstiel,Director colleg e Station, Texas / f , ' '~ :';,; ,,: ''': ~ " k , -~. _Variable _Crop Share _Leases ... Marvin... Sartin and Ray Sammons* Renting or leasing farmland is part of many modern farming operations and increases average farm size in U. S. agriculture. Economies of size are vitally import ant to farm operations as they strive to cope with the continuous...

  11. Transgenic rice evaluated for risks to marketability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mulvaney, Dustin R; Krupnik, Timothy J; Koffler, Kaden B

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    USDA Field Tests of GM Crops Database. www.isb.vt.edu (industrial traits in GM crops: Coexistence with conventionalrifice export markets due to GM crops. American Corn Growers

  12. WEB FREE RICE Yuhei YAMAUCHI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miyashita, Yasushi

    ;12 4 Monogatari 10 Monogatari Conomi WEB Monogatari IC 2 TV TV #12;13 200 WEB FREE RICE 1 10 ? ? 2009 Philosophy Editor:Joshua Knobe,Shaun Nichols Published by Oxford University Press, USA,July 15,2008 WEB

  13. Black Beans and Rice Ingredients

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liskiewicz, Maciej

    Black Beans and Rice Ingredients: 1 teaspoon vegetable oil 1 medium onion, chopped 2 bay leaves 4 cloves garlic, minced 2 (15 oz.) cans black beans, drained and rinsed 1 tbsp. cilantro 15 ounces low-fat, shredded Directions 1. Rinse beans with water in colander to remove sodium. 2. Sauté onions, garlic

  14. The Composition of Rice and Its By-Products.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fraps, G. S. (George Stronach)

    1916-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    is discharged. Other machines are also used in cleaning the rough rice, such as a rotating hollow cylinder through which the rice is carried, and through which a blast of air is passed. This has the effect of drying the rice as well as removing the dust... to the conveyor leading to the hull house. In some cases, the hulls go direct to the furnace room. Paddy Machine.-The mixture of brown rice and paddy rice goes to the paddy machines. These separate the brown rice from the rough or paddy rice. The brown rice...

  15. The Effect of Salt Water on Rice.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fraps, G. S. (George Stronach)

    1909-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ERIME .-- - --- - -- BULLETIN NO. izz. June, 1909. THE EFFECT OF SALT WATE ON RICE, LAPS, Che Postoffice College Station, 1 --- Texas. TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT S I'ATIONS. OFFICERS. GOVERNING BOARD. (Board of Directors A. and M... is Col- lege Station, Texas. Reports and bulletins are sent upon application to the Director. The Effect of Salt Water on Rice. . ...... By G. S. FRAPS. At some of the rice farms located near the coast, the amount of water lxml~etl is sometimes...

  16. Texas Rice, Volume VII, Number 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    decade ago, J. Neil Rutger, retired Chief Scientist at the Bumpers Center, contributed to the change by initiating a base- broadening program to develop im- proved indica germplasm adapted to the U.S. By the mid-1990s exciting yield increases had... growers, so they may increase productivity and profitability on their farms. continued on next page Texas rice is attacked by three species of stem borers—sugarcane borer (SCB), Diatraea sacchara- lis; Mexican rice borer (MRB), Eoreuma loftini; and rice...

  17. Texas Rice, Volume 1, Number 8

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas A&M University System Agricultural Research and Extension Center Beaumont, Texas October 2001 Volume I Number 8 Texas Rice Combine Harvester Efficiency: Material Other Than Grain Or Money On The Ground? continued on page 6 From... such observations it is easy to conclude that rice combines are extremely efficient. But this might be misleading, given that the choppers and spreaders do a good job of cutting plant material, including grains, into small pieces. How much rice does a combine leave...

  18. Texas Rice, Volume IV, Number 6

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas A&M University System Agricultural Research and Extension Center Beaumont, Texas August 2004 Volume IV Number 6 Texas Rice Bacterial and Fungal Endophytes in Rice Endophytes are plant-associ- ated organisms that often form... plant/endophyte associations, may infer resistance to insects such as aphids and armyworms. The following is a layman’s review of research conducted by scientists worldwide on endophytic continued on page 4 associations that pertain to rice pro- duction...

  19. Texas Rice, Volume 1, Number 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .io.com/~tass/ National Rice Month Website by USA Rice www.nationalricemonth.com/ International Water Management Institute http://www.cgiar.org/iwmi/ National Agricultural Statistics Service http://www.usda.gov/nass/ Alternative Farming Systems Information Center http://www.nal.usda.gov... Rice has launched a new National Rice Month website. You can download promotional materials, camera - ready artwork etc. Log on to www.nationalricemonth.com Texas A&M University System Agricultural Research and Extension Center 1509 Aggie Dr. Beaumont...

  20. Texas Rice, Volume IV, Number 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , so that they may increase productivity and profitability on their farms. Farmers Get New Tool For Managing Red Rice BASF has announced the ap- proval of BEYOND TM herbicide for red rice control in CLEARFIELD ® rice varieties CL161 and CLEARFIELD XL8... program re- quired as part of the CLEARFIELD rice production system. For more information contact Brian Vercellino at (713)724-9856 or John Chesson at (409)658-2557. BEYOND is a trademark of BASF, CLEARFIELD and NEWPATH are registered trademarks of BASF...

  1. Texas Rice, Volume II, Number 5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for BASF Corporation will provide an update on the Clearfield 161 approval process. Bob Papanos, the Vice President of International Programs for the U.S. Rice Producers Association, will follow-up with a presentation on rice exports. The morning program...

  2. Texas Rice, Volume V, Number 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    out at PD, for a total of 170 units. Wayne said he is careful to follow the guidelines prescribed by BASF for using the Newpath herbicide to control red rice. In addition to the 70 acres on the refuge, Wayne and Daryl also farm rice on 110 acres...

  3. The Environmental Impacts of Subsidized Crop Insurance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LaFrance, Jeffrey T.; Shimshack, J. P.; Wu, S. Y.

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    May 1996): 428-438. Environmental Impacts of Subsidized CropPaper No. 912 THE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF SUBSIDIZED CROPsuch copies. The Environmental Impacts of Subsidized Crop

  4. Irrigation Systems for Forage Crops.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henggeler, Joseph C.

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    TDDe Z TA24S.7 8873 NO.1611 1?1611 ' Texas Agricultural Extension Service l'BRARY FEB 0 1 1989 texas A&M University Irrigation Systems for Forage Crops Texas Agricultural Extension Service ? Zerle L. Carpenter, Director ? The Texas A...&M University System ? College Station, Texas (Blank Pa,ge -In. O-riIIJIal BuIIetinl . 1?? .. , * ): . Irrigation Systems for Forage Crops Joseph C. Henggeler* Several types of irrigation systems can be chosen for irrigating forage crops for grazing...

  5. Fertilizers for Rice in Texas.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wyche, R. H. (Robert Henry)

    1941-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , the appli- ca.tion of a mixture of 100 pounds of sulfate of ammonia and 100 pounds of superphosphate per acre (which supplies 20 pounds of nitrogen and 20 pounds of phosphoric acid) in the drill with the seed at planting time has been the most... as the only source of phosphoric acid in the experiments until 1936. At that time it was decided to compare several forms of both nitrogen and phosphoric acid as fertilizers for rice. Sulfate of ammonia, nitrate of soda, ~nd cyanamid comprised...

  6. Assistant Professor Cropping Systems Specialist

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Veiga, Pedro Manuel Barbosa

    Assistant Professor Cropping Systems Specialist Department of Plant and Soil Sciences POSITION DESCRIPTION The Department of Plant and Soil Sciences, Oklahoma State University is seeking, implementing, and evaluating educational programs to meet the needs of producers for improving existing

  7. Cover Crops for the Garden

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    matter for your soil or compost pile. Organic matter is thatin the spring or made into compost, cover crops will act asgathered up and added to your compost pile. The first method

  8. CROP & SOIL SCIENCES Extension Peanut Agronomist

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnold, Jonathan

    CROP & SOIL SCIENCES Extension Peanut Agronomist Committee Membership Dr. J. Michael Moore - committee chair Dr. Clint Waltz Department of Crop & Soil Sciences Department of Crop & Soil Sciences-7300 Fax: (229) 386-7308 Fax: (770) 412-4734 Dr. Eric Prostko Dr. Guy Collins Department of Crop & Soil

  9. CROP & SOIL SCIENCES Cotton Physiologist Tifton campus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnold, Jonathan

    CROP & SOIL SCIENCES Cotton Physiologist ­ Tifton campus Committee Membership Dr. Stanley Culpepper - committee chair Dr. John Beasley Department of Crop & Soil Sciences Department of Crop & Soil Sciences & Soil Sciences Department of Crop & Soil Sciences University of Georgia-SE District University

  10. CROP & SOIL SCIENCES Water Policy and Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnold, Jonathan

    CROP & SOIL SCIENCES Water Policy and Management Committee Membership Dr. David Radcliffe - committee chair Dr. George Vellidis Department of Crop & Soil Sciences Department of Crop & Soil Sciences & Soil Sciences Department of Crop & Soil Sciences University of Georgia University of Georgia Stripling

  11. Texas Rice, Volume II, Number 6 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and superior taste of U.S. grown rice. Thousands of con- sumers received simple, but el- egant, recipes for sampling, and were shown how to make their food dollars go further, without sacrific- ing taste. The brochure handed out at the events presented...: US Rice Producers Association Texas Rice is published 9 times a year by The Texas A&M University System Research and Extension Center at Beaumont. Interviews, writ- ing and layout by Jay Cockrell. Editing by Ted Wilson, Jay Cockrell and Tammy Tindel...

  12. Texas Rice, Volume V, Number 8 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    - rate applications of liquids is common. “We’re work- ing with liquid, as others are, but putting out fertilizer is a new deal. The computer, or controller, we’re us- ing is a Del Norte. Auto Cal is what we use to make gate adjustments on.... Regarding the project’s focus on rice, Baker said while precision agriculture has become routine in cot- ton, rice is “another animal - flooding and land-level- ing throw all kinds of kinks into the equation. Rice isn’t as easy to work with as cotton...

  13. Texas Rice, Volume IV, Number 7

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    have from 1-8 markers multiplexed. Last year they produced 1.3 million data points using 3 machines, about 25,000 data points a week – or about 8,333 data points per machine per week. RiceTec continued... continued on next page seed from parent lines...Texas A&M University System Agricultural Research and Extension Center Beaumont, Texas September 2004 Volume IV Number 7 Texas Rice Hybrid Rice: Another Tool in Varietal Improvement The breeding method in which crosses are made between...

  14. Rice (Oryza sativa L.) response to clomazone as influenced by rate, soil type, and planting date 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Barr, John Houston

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Clomazone is an effective herbicide widely used for preemergence grass control in rice. However, use of clomazone on sandy textured soils of the western Texas rice belt may cause serious rice injury. When labeled for rice ...

  15. Rice (Oryza sativa L.) response to clomazone as influenced by rate, soil type, and planting date

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Barr, John Houston

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Clomazone is an effective herbicide widely used for preemergence grass control in rice. However, use of clomazone on sandy textured soils of the western Texas rice belt may cause serious rice injury. When labeled for rice in 2001, sandy textured...

  16. A continuous automatic hydroponic cultivation system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reachi Gonzalez, Santiago

    1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . C. H. Samson, JW. Head of Department Dr. D. McDonald Member r. A. H. Laym n Member. August 1974 ABSTRACT A Continuous Automatic Hydroponic Cultivation Syst. m. (August 1974) Santiago Reachi Gonzalez, B. S. , Texas ARM University Co...-Chairmen of Advisory Committee: Dr. A. W Northam Dr. W. B. X, edbetter The main objective of this study is to develop a system that will provide a household with a high quality balanced vegetable mix at a cost less than existing retail pr' ces. Other objectives...

  17. Microalgae Cultivation using Offshore Membrane Enclosures for Growing Algae (OMEGA)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiley, Patrick Edward

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and J. Trent (2013). Microalgae cultivation using offshoreJ. Trent, Harvesting Microalgae by Forward Osmosis. The Open5, 1943 (2012). E. W. Becker, Microalgae: Biotechnology and

  18. alaska including cultivated: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    printf("B"); void* threadfuncb(void *args) printf("C"); printf("D"); 12 Campbell, Andrew T. 6 Economical Cultivation CiteSeer Summary: ABSTRACT: In Indian...

  19. autumnal soil cultivation: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Cultivating Conversations (more) Jones, Jenna 2009-01-01 95 Enrichment of Heavy Metals in Sediment Resulting from Soil Environmental Sciences and Ecology Websites...

  20. alternative shifting cultivation: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    how using a heterotrophy-recovery-autotrophy route (called the green cycle) for the cultivation of Botryococcus braunii results in high biofuel production. Our experiments...

  1. aromatic non-basmati rice: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and assist with supervision 34 RICE UNIVERSITY BEAMSWITCH: DIRECTIONAL TRANSMISSION Energy Storage, Conversion and Utilization Websites Summary: RICE UNIVERSITY BEAMSWITCH:...

  2. RICE UNIVERSITY ACCIDENT/INJURY REPORT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Natelson, Douglas

    RICE UNIVERSITY ACCIDENT/INJURY REPORT Please Print Section A: Details of incident Injury Work Exposure to radiation Mental stress factors Noise Insect/animal bite Vehicle accident Slip

  3. Ingo Potrykus, the father of golden rice, stated "If some people decide that they want blind children and white rice, it's their decision. I'm offering the possibility of yellow rice and no blind children" (cited in GRAIN,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clark, E. Ann

    clearly than with GM crops. Why do we `need' herbicide- tolerant (HT) crops? Or Bt crops? Was `need' even

  4. Response of rice to ammonium and nitrate nitrogen applied at various stages of plant growth on limed and unlimed Beaumont and Lake Charles clays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gay, William Blalock, III

    1962-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    RESPONSE OF RICE TO AMMONIUM AND NITRATE NITROGEN APPLIED AT VARIOUS STAGES OF PLANT GROWTH ON LIMED AND UNLINED BEAUNONT AND LAKE CHARLES CLAYS A Thesis By William B. Gay, III Submitted to the Graduate Sohool of the Agricultural... BEAUMONT AND LAKE CHARLES CLAYS A Thesis By Nilliam B. Gay, III Chairman of Committee Head of the Department of Soil Sc Crop Sciences ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS I would like to express my appreciation to Dr. A. G. Caldwell for his 1nterest and guidance...

  5. Texas Rice, Volume VI, Number 6

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    wading in rice fields to collect and examine aquatic pests of rice using their new digital microscopes. Some, if not all, of these activities will be carried back to the classroom to spark the imagination of their students. The focus of the Future... Cockrell and Brandy Morace, with additional support by Jim Medley. Information is taken from sources believed to be reliable, but we cannot guarantee accuracy or completeness. Suggestions, story ideas and comments are encouraged. Sincerely, L.T. Wilson...

  6. Texas Rice, Volume 1, Number 5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ’s Barbecue. After lunch, there will be a special tour to present information on red rice control with Newpath herbi- cide. Speakers will be Dr. Garry McCauley, Water Management; Dr. Mike Chandler, Weed Science; and Brian Ottis, a graduate student in Soil...: Randy Eason .........................5 Grower Profile: Mike Doguet ............................................7 High Yielder’s Tips ..........................................................10 Pest of the Month: Rice Stink Bug...

  7. Texas Rice, Volume IV, Number 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    e-announcements about the cen- sus and other NASS products and programs, go to www.usda.gov/nass/, click on ‘News and Coming Events’ then click on ‘Subscribe to News Releases and Announcements’. For additional information re- garding the Census, call... will host a tour for the delega- tion, highlighting current rice research efforts. Jim Willis, President of Inter- national Programs for the US Rice Producers Association attended the meetings in Jordan last month where discussions focused on the Iraqi...

  8. Response of rice to soil phosphorus levels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quddus, Mohammad Abdul

    1962-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    RESPORSE OF RICE TO SOIL PHOSPHORUS LEVELS MOHJQRiD JL ~ QUDDUS Submitted te the Graduate Sohool of the kgrloultural and Mechanical College of Texas im partial fulfillment of the requirements for the legree of IGLSTER OF SCIENCE Luguet~ 1962... Eager Sub)cot& Agronomy RESPONSE OF RICE TO SOIL PHOSPHORUS LEVELS A Thesis KIHAMNAD Ae QUDDUS Approwed as to style and content by& Chairman of Committee Cpt r Head of Department August, 1962 ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The author wishes to express his...

  9. Technological aspects of canned rice quality and related factors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gerdes, Darrell Lee

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    cook1ng rice is rice which is cooked or partially cooked and dried 1n such a manner as to reta1n the rice grains in a porous and open structured cond1tion. Pre-cooked parboiled rice is parboiled rice which has been cooked and dried to a mo1sture... Internal vacuum was measured using a Marshaltown vacuum-pressure gauge wi th a vacuum range of 0 to 30 ps1. Cans contain1ng processed rice were punctured by the sharp t1p of the gauge and vacuum measured in psi. Moisture The mo1sture content of the raw...

  10. Red Rice Research and Control.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baker, John B.; Baldwin, Ford L.; Bourgeois, W.J.; Cox, Clodis H.; Craigmiles, Julian P.; Dishman, William D.; Eastin, E. Ford; Helpert, Charles W.; Hill, Lewis C.; Huey, Bobby A.; Klosterboer, Arlen D.; Sonnier, Earl A.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -to-date information available on a subject of major concern to rice producers. E. F. Eastin, editor The Texas Agricultural Experiment Station Beaumont INTRODUCTION J. P. Craigmiles The purpose of t h i s red r i c e symposium i s straightforward and simple... - t o discuss the l a t e s t f indings and procedures f o r con t ro l l ing red r i c e . In accom- pl ishing t h i s we want two-way communication s o t h a t all present w i l l become current on t h i s most noxious weed of r i c e...

  11. An extreme cytoplasmic bottleneck in the modern European cultivated potato

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Provan, Jim

    An extreme cytoplasmic bottleneck in the modern European cultivated potato (Solanum tuberosum and nuclear diversity in the gene pool of the European cultivated potato (Solanum tuberosum ssp. tuberosum to amplify polymorphic products in a range of potato cultivars. Combining the data from seven polymorphic cp

  12. Interdisciplinary Pest Management Potentials of Cover Cropping Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bachie, Oli Gurmu

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Cover Crops: Cowpea, Sunn Hemp, and Velvetbean. HottscienceCover Crops: Cowpea, Sunn Hemp, and Velvetbean. Hottsciencethan grasses using sun hemp mulches. While cover cropping

  13. VEE-0035- In the Matter of Rice Oil Company, Inc.

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    On October 22, 1996, Rice Oil Company, Inc. (Rice) of Greenfield, Massachusetts filed an Application for Exception with the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) of the Department of Energy (DOE)....

  14. Imazethapyr: red rice control and resistance, and environmental fate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Avila, Luis Antonio de

    2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Imazethapyr was recently approved for use in rice, but limited information is available regarding its efficacy, environmental fate or potential red rice resistance. Therefore, experiments were conducted to 1) determine the effect of flooding time...

  15. Diurnal variations in methane emission from rice plants

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laskowski, Nicholas Aaron

    2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A greenhouse study was conducted to investigate the mechanisms causing diurnal variations in methane emission from rice plants (Oryza sativa L.). Methane emission was measured using a closed chamber system on individual rice plants at five stages...

  16. Impacts of trade liberalization policies on rice production in Haiti

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Altidor, Paul, 1972-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The decline in rice production in Haiti corresponds directly with the trade liberalization that began during the mid 1980s. Before 1986, Haiti was self-sufficient in rice production even in the midst of low yields and ...

  17. Genetic analysis of inflorescence and plant height components in sorghum (Panicoidae) and comparative genetics with rice (Oryzoidae)

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Zhang, Dong [Univ. of Georgia, Athens, GA (United States). Plant Genome Mapping Lab. and Inst. of Bioinformatics; Kong, Wenqian [Univ. of Georgia, Athens, GA (United States). Plant Genome Mapping Lab. and Dept. of Crop and Soil Sciences; Robertson, Jon [Univ. of Georgia, Athens, GA (United States). Plant Genome Mapping Lab.; Goff, Valorie H [Univ. of Georgia, Athens, GA (United States). Plant Genome Mapping Lab.; Epps, Ethan [Univ. of Georgia, Athens, GA (United States). Plant Genome Mapping Lab.; Kerr, Alexandra [Univ. of Georgia, Athens, GA (United States). Plant Genome Mapping Lab.; Mills, Gabriel [Univ. of Georgia, Athens, GA (United States). Plant Genome Mapping Lab.; Cromwell, Jay [Univ. of Georgia, Athens, GA (United States). Plant Genome Mapping Lab.; Lugin, Yelena [Univ. of Georgia, Athens, GA (United States). Plant Genome Mapping Lab.; Phillips, Christine [Univ. of Georgia, Athens, GA (United States). Plant Genome Mapping Lab.; Paterson, Andrew H [Univ. of Georgia, Athens, GA (United States). Plant Genome Mapping Lab., Inst. of Bioinformatics, Dept. of Crop and Soil Sciences, Dept. of Plant Biology, Dept. of Genetics

    2015-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Domestication has played an important role in shaping characteristics of the inflorescence and plant height in cultivated cereals. Taking advantage of meta-analysis of QTLs, phylogenetic analyses in 502 diverse sorghum accessions, GWAS in a sorghum association panel (n = 354) and comparative data, we provide insight into the genetic basis of the domestication traits in sorghum and rice. We performed genome-wide association studies (GWAS) on 6 traits related to inflorescence morphology and 6 traits related to plant height in sorghum, comparing the genomic regions implicated in these traits by GWAS and QTL mapping, respectively. In a search for signatures of selection, we identify genomic regions that may contribute to sorghum domestication regarding plant height, flowering time and pericarp color. Comparative studies across taxa show functionally conserved ‘hotspots’ in sorghum and rice for awn presence and pericarp color that do not appear to reflect corresponding single genes but may indicate co-regulated clusters of genes. We also reveal homoeologous regions retaining similar functions for plant height and flowering time since genome duplication an estimated 70 million years ago or more in a common ancestor of cereals. In most such homoeologous QTL pairs, only one QTL interval exhibits strong selection signals in modern sorghum. Intersections among QTL, GWAS and comparative data advance knowledge of genetic determinants of inflorescence and plant height components in sorghum, and add new dimensions to comparisons between sorghum and rice.

  18. For switchgrass cultivated as biofuel in California, invasiveness limited by several steps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DiTomaso, Joseph M; Barney, Jacob N; Mann, J Jeremiah; Kyser, Guy

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    United States. In selecting biofuel crops, a balance must bethe degree of risk that a biofuel crop (including cultivarsthe risk potential of biofuel crops: qualitative and

  19. Applied Physics Graduate Program The Rice Quantum Institute

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

    94 Applied Physics Graduate Program The Rice Quantum Institute Participating Faculty This program is open to faculty from physics and astronomy, chemistry, mechanical engineering and materials science and the engineering divisions at Rice and overseen by the Rice Quantum Institute (RQI), the Applied Physics Program

  20. Vegetable Crops Hotline index 2005 MANAGEMENT TIPS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ginzel, Matthew

    Labeled for Row Middle Use in Vegetable Crops 446 Kudzu Turning Over New Leaves in Indiana Counties 447

  1. CropIrri: A DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEM FOR CROP IRRIGATION MANAGEMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CropIrri: A DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEM FOR CROP IRRIGATION MANAGEMENT Yi Zhang1 , Liping Feng1,* 1: A field crop irrigation management decision-making system (CropIrri) was developed based on the soil water of optimal irrigation methods and irrigation decision support system have obtained important achievements (J

  2. CROP & SOIL SCIENCES Small Grain Breeding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnold, Jonathan

    CROP & SOIL SCIENCES Small Grain Breeding Committee Membership Dr. Paul Raymer - committee chair Dr. Scott Jackson Department of Crop & Soil Sciences Department of Crop & Soil Sciences University & Soil Sciences Department of Horticulture University of Georgia University of Georgia 2360 Rainwater Rd

  3. Regional Focus on GM Crop Regulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Church, George M.

    Regional Focus on GM Crop Regulation THE RECENT MEDIA COVERAGE OF THE DEVEL- opments in Brazil for com- mercial genetically modified (GM) crops in both the scientific and regulatory arena. The release of GM crops in these coun- tries might result in the unintentional entry of GM seeds into neighboring

  4. alternative agricultural crops: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    crops in new areas; (6) growing crops for new uses; (7) growing crops with new management techniques; (8) selling crops in new markets. Ernest Small 1999-01-01 2 ASSESSMENT...

  5. The Impact of Tenure Arrangements and Crop Rotations on Upper Gulf Coast Rice Farms. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perry, Gregory M.; Rister, M. Edward; Richardson, James W.; Grant, Warren R.; Sij, John W. Jr

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Climate change and water resources development are recognized as the two key factors that change long-term water budget, flow-frequency, and storage-frequency characteristics of different river systems. However, quantifying ...

  6. Management of lignite fly ash for improving soil fertility and crop productivity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ram, L.C.; Srivastava, N.K.; Jha, S.K.; Sinha, A.K.; Masto, R.E.; Selvi, V.A. [Central Fuel Research Institute, Dhanbad (India)

    2007-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Lignite fly ash (LFA), being alkaline and endowed with excellent pozzolanic properties, a silt loam texture, and plant nutrients, has the potential to improve soil quality and productivity. Long-term field trials with groundnut, maize, and sun hemp were carried out to study the effect of LFA on growth and yield. Before crop I was sown, LFA was applied at various doses with and without press mud (an organic waste from the sugar industry, used as an amendment and source of nutrients). LFA with and without press mud was also applied before crops III and V were cultivated. Chemical fertilizer, along with gypsum, humic acid, and bioferfertilizer, was applied in all treatments, including the control. With one-time and repeat applications of LFA (with and without press mud), yield increased significantly (7.0-89.0%) in relation to the control crop. The press mud enhanced the yield (3.0-15.0%) with different LFA applications. One-time and repeat application of LFA (alone and in combination with press mud) improved soil quality and the nutrient content of the produce. The highest dose of LFA (200 t/ha) with and without press mud showed the best residual effects (eco-friendly increases in the yield of succeeding crops). Some increase in trace- and heavy metal contents and in the level of gamma-emitters in soil and crop produce, but well within permissible limits, was observed. Thus, LFA can be used on a large scale to boost soil fertility and productivity with no adverse effects on the soil or crops, which may solve the problem of bulk disposal of fly ash in an eco-friendly manner.

  7. Texas Rice, Volume III, Number 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    farmer to use a combina- tion of Ordram and Propanil to control sprangletop in rice fields. For this discovery, the company that manu- factured the chemicals sent Russell and his wife Theresa on a trip to the Bahamas. Tank mixing these continued on next... climate than hogs and corn. 6 Grower Profile continued... two chemicals is now common practice, and has been a tremendous benefit to farmers throughout the rice belt. It was shortly after this trip that Theresa died of cancer, leaving behind Russell...

  8. The Effect of Salt Water on Rice.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fraps, G. S. (George Stronach)

    1927-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    mq A QTF *'. ' . - - . 1 bC1 r*. .. r * - .=.-ksl-, G v $. THE EFFECT OF SALT WATER ON RICE AGRICULTURAL AND MECHANICAL COLLEGE OF TEXAS T. 0. WALTON, President \\ STATION ,,,bfINISTRATION: *B. YOUNGBLOOD, M. S., Ph. D.,, Director A B CONNER... of Agriculture. ****In cooperation with the School of Agriculture. SYNOPSIS Rice farmers sometimes have trouble with salt in the water used for irrigation. Varying conditions, such as character of soil, amount of water already on the land, stage of growth...

  9. Texas Rice, Volume V, Number 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . If it remains unused for extended periods of time, like 3 years, the land be- comes useless for rice farming. Moreover, industry representatives are dwindling. Farm machines, the John Deere stores, they are disap- pearing. Each year, older farmers quit or retire...Texas A&M University System Agricultural Research and Extension Center Beaumont, Texas May 2005 Volume V Number 3 Texas Rice The following is an excerpt of a speech delivered to the U.S. House of Representatives, April 28, 2005...

  10. Texas Rice, Volume 1, Number 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    as an example of USDA efforts in this area. GM Crops in Canada ORYZA - A scientific panel, com- missioned by the Canadian govern- ment, has released a report on the Regulation of Food Biotechnology in Canada which concludes that GM crops and foods in Canada...

  11. Experimental nursery pond cultivation of the seagrass Halodule beaudettei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosen, David J.

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Experiments were conducted from April through July of hics. l 998 to assess the cultivation of Halodule beaudettei (den Hartog) den Hartog (shoal-grass) in experimental nursery ponds. The effects of pond flow-regime, water turbidity, culture media...

  12. Microalgae Cultivation using Offshore Membrane Enclosures for Growing Algae (OMEGA)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiley, Patrick Edward

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of microalgae for wastewater treatment, biofuels, andMicroalgae are currently under consideration as a significant source of sustainable biofuelsmicroalgae cultivation, co-located with waste resources, can contribute to the production of biofuels

  13. Characterization of novel rice germplasm from West Africa and genetic marker associations with rice cooking quality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Traore, Karim

    2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Genetic resource enhancement is the foundation of any good breeding program. Landraces from West Africa, interspecifics between Oryza sativa and Oryza glaberrima and improved lines from the West African Rice Development Association and other...

  14. Evaluating Crop-Share Leases.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sartin, Marvin; Brints, Norman

    1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -SHARE LEASES Marvin Sartin and Norman Brints* There are many approaches for evaluating a crop-share lease. The easiest and most commonly used method relies on history and tradition. Throughout most of Texas, share leases have tra ditionally been one...-third for grain and one-fourth for cotton. While such agreements continue, the economic factors governing farming operations have changed, thus creating a need for reexamin ing terms of share leases. An accepted approach to evaluating sharing arrangements...

  15. Genetic diversity and species relationships in the Oryza complex and glufosinate tolerance in rice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vaughan, Laura Kelly

    2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The weed red rice is a major problem in rice producing areas world wide. All of the red rice in commercial rice fields in the United States has traditionally been considered to be the same species as commercial rice, Oryza sativa. However, using DNA...

  16. High biofuel production of Botryococcus braunii using optimized cultivation strategies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Wei

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    from feedstock crops. Microalgae biofuels and differentproduction of biofuels from microalgae. One strategy toin the current world, microalgae biofuels provide such an

  17. Texas Rice, Volume III, Number 5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    - lections and purifying the different lines. Dan and Myrtle have two children, Gary (who also works in rice consulting) and Anita, whose husband works for an ag chemical company. Anita and Troy Miller have two daughters, Abby 2 years and Ella 4 months. Since...

  18. Environ. Biosafety Res. 7 (2008) 7385 Available online at: c ISBR, EDP Sciences, 2008 www.ebr-journal.org

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snow, Allison A.

    , and cultivated rice in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam: implications for transgenic rice Michael B. COHEN1 AB T6G 0M4, Canada 3 Italian National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and the Environment (ENEA development in countries where wild and weedy relatives co-occur with the crop. To evaluate possible risks

  19. Using moisture transport properties of rice seed components for identifying fissure resistance 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Audrey Elizabeth

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    diffusion model. Fissure resistance was determined based on the relative fissure response of the four rice varieties. Fissure responses of the four rice varieties were compared to identify fissure resistance by exposing 50 kernels of paddy and brown rice...

  20. Water balance of Pin-Point and Flush-Flood irrigated rice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roel Dellazoppa, Alvaro

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Rice. (May 1996) Alvaro Roel Dellazoppa, Ingeniero Agronomo, Universidad de la Republica, Uruguay Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. James L. Heilman Appearance of red rice (Oryza Sativa) as the main weed problem in rice production has forced...

  1. Emissions Of Greenhouse Gases From Rice Agriculture

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    M. Aslam K. Khalil

    2009-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    This project produced detailed data on the processes that affect methane and nitrous oxide emissions from rice agriculture and their inter-relationships. It defines the shifting roles and potential future of these gases in causing global warming and the benefits and tradeoffs of reducing emissions. The major results include: 1). Mechanisms and Processes Leading to Methane Emissions are Delineated. Our experiments have tested the standard model of methane emissions from rice fields and found new results on the processes that control the flux. A mathematical mass balance model was used to unravel the production, oxidation and transport of methane from rice. The results suggested that when large amounts of organic matter are applied, the additional flux that is observed is due to both greater production and reduced oxidation of methane. 2). Methane Emissions From China Have Been Decreasing Over the Last Two Decades. We have calculated that methane emissions from rice fields have been falling in recent decades. This decrease is particularly large in China. While some of this is due to reduced area of rice agriculture, the bigger effect is from the reduction in the emission factor which is the annual amount of methane emitted per hectare of rice. The two most important changes that cause this decreasing emission from China are the reduced use of organic amendments which have been replaced by commercial nitrogen fertilizers, and the increased practice of intermittent flooding as greater demands are placed on water resources. 3). Global Methane Emissions Have Been Constant For More Than 20 Years. While the concentrations of methane in the atmosphere have been leveling off in recent years, our studies show that this is caused by a near constant total global source of methane for the last 20 years or more. This is probably because as some anthropogenic sources have increased, others, such as the rice agriculture source, have fallen. Changes in natural emissions appear small. 4). Nitrous Oxide Emissions From Rice Fields Increase as Methane Emissions Drop. Inundated conditions favor anaerobic methane production with high emission rates and de-nitrification resulting in modest nitrous oxide emissions. Under drier conditions such as intermittent flooding, methane emissions fall and nitrous oxide emissions increase. Increased nitrogen fertilizer use increases nitrous oxide emissions and is usually accompanied by reduced organic matter applications which decreases methane emissions. These mechanisms cause a generally inverse relationship between methane and nitrous oxide emissions. Reduction of methane from rice agriculture to control global warming comes with tradeoffs with increased nitrous oxide emissions. 5). High Spatial Resolution Maps of Emissions Produced. Maps of methane and nitrous oxide emissions at a resolution of 5 min × 5 min have been produced based on the composite results of this research. These maps are necessary for both scientific and policy uses.

  2. Cassava, a potential biofuel crop in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jansson, C.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Cassava, a potential biofuel crop in China Christer Janssoncassava; bioethanol; biofuel; metabolic engineering; Chinathe potentials of cassava in the biofuel sector and point to

  3. Cassava, a potential biofuel crop in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jansson, C.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    18-673389 Keywords: cassava; bioethanol; biofuel; metabolicRecently, cassava-derived bioethanol production has beenbenefits compared to other bioethanol- producing crops in

  4. Texas Rice, Volume VII, Number 5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    sugarcane and sweet sorghums for many years. In the United States, ethanol production has focused primarily on grains as the primary feedstock. More recently, the use of biomass to ethanol has come to the forefront of policy discussion and research.... Basically there are three sources of feedstock currently being used worldwide: sugar sources, grain, and biomass. Sorghum is the fifth largest crop grown in the United States. Typically it has been used as a feed grain; however, new uses of the crop lend...

  5. Texas Rice, Volume VII, Number 5 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    sugarcane and sweet sorghums for many years. In the United States, ethanol production has focused primarily on grains as the primary feedstock. More recently, the use of biomass to ethanol has come to the forefront of policy discussion and research.... Basically there are three sources of feedstock currently being used worldwide: sugar sources, grain, and biomass. Sorghum is the fifth largest crop grown in the United States. Typically it has been used as a feed grain; however, new uses of the crop lend...

  6. E-Print Network 3.0 - activated rice husk Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Heater Biomass Gasifiers Bagasse Rice Husk 12;Applications Biomass Gasifiers - Process Heat Solar... available -wood, rice husk,coconut stalks,shells , sugarcane leaves, bagasse...

  7. The Composition of Rice and Its By-Products. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fraps, G. S. (George Stronach)

    1916-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , not the hulls. The hullers consist of tapering, groove2 cylinders revolving within an iron case, which rub the grains of rice against one another and against the walls of tlie outer case. '.['he adjustment may be varied, according to the size of the rice.... .................... Blue Rose.. ................... Average .................. 9588 9485 9825 9840 9905 9856 4 CJ 0 - "5 7 z i 0 0 f. c.s G2 3g;z ?&.a4 Rice From Pearling Cone. Variety. Honduras. .................... Honduras...

  8. Assessing blackbird damage to ripening rice in Matagorda County, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Robert Glen

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . At each sample point the rice was visually inspected for blackbird damage, using observations of birds feeding in the field and the presence of empty hulls (since blackbirds will "de-hull" dough stage rice) on the ground as supporting evidence...ASSESSING BLACKBIRD DAMAGE TO RIPENING RICE IN MATAGORDA COUNTY, TEXAS A Thesis by ROBERT GLEN WRIGHT Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE...

  9. CROP & SOIL SCIENCES Statewide Variety Testing Program Coordinator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arnold, Jonathan

    CROP & SOIL SCIENCES Statewide Variety Testing Program Coordinator Committee Membership Dr. Jerry Johnson - committee chair Dr. Paul Raymer Department of Crop & Soil Sciences Department of Crop & Soil Department of Crop & Soil Sciences Department of Crop & Soil Sciences University of Georgia University

  10. EIS-0439: Rice Solar Energy Project in Riverside County, CA ...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Riverside County, CA October 22, 2010 EIS-0439: EPA Notice of Availability of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement Rice Solar Energy Project, Riverside County, California...

  11. Texas Rice, Volume 1, Number 9, Winter Issue 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , and funded the Rice Quality Lab, two field labs, cold storage facilities, the imple- ment shed, storage barn, seedsman home, and the seed processing plant. Robert Bauer has served as president of the Texas Rice Im- provement Association since 1976. As a... farmer and businessman Mr. Bauer has provided leadership for the Texas rice industry for over two decades, and has engaged in rice production since 1945. Jim Stansel is the Vice President of TRIA and Brenda Setliff is Secretary/Trea- surer. Setliff...

  12. John Rice Irwin, part 1 | Y-12 National Security Complex

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    1 John Rice Irwin, part 1 Oral History Videos Speakers INTRODUCTION Ed Bailey Jim Bailey Kay Bailey Ken Bernander Willard Brock Wilma Brooks Elmer Brummitt Naomi Brummitt Blake...

  13. John Rice Irwin, part 2 | Y-12 National Security Complex

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2 John Rice Irwin, part 2 Oral History Videos Speakers INTRODUCTION Ed Bailey Jim Bailey Kay Bailey Ken Bernander Willard Brock Wilma Brooks Elmer Brummitt Naomi Brummitt Blake...

  14. VBH-0062- In the Matter of Sue Rice Gossett

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This Initial Agency Decision concerns a whistleblower complaint filed by Sue Rice Gossett (Gossett) against her former employer, the Safety and Ecology Corporation (SEC), under the Department of...

  15. VBZ-0062- In the Matter of Sue Rice Gossett

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This Initial Agency Decision concerns a whistleblower complaint filed by Sue Rice Gossett (Gossett) against her former employer, the Safety and Ecology Corporation (SEC), under the Department of...

  16. Texas Rice, Volume II, Number 6

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the USDA building on the research station! Piper Roberts - Biological Science Technician - Plants Piper has worked in the Genetics lab for four years. She is re- sponsible for coordinating student labor, organizing harvest, milling, ger- minations as well... as other lab work. She is skilled in tractor and backhoe op- erations. Her organized supervision of the field harvests is exception- ally critical to Dr. Pinson’s study on fissure resistance. Prior to conducting rice research, Piper obtained a B...

  17. Texas Rice, Volume VI, Number 7

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    elementary education. Julio Castillo was born in the Republic of Panama, the oldest of 8 children. His father farmed rice, corn and vegetables, both for sale and the family table. The high school Julio attended was a technical school specializing... to venture out and expand his horizons beyond the family farm. After high school, he enrolled at the University of Panama to pursue a BS in Agronomy. After completing his degree, he continued to work at the university in the weed science project...

  18. Crop Management and Diagnostic Clinic IMPACT REPORT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farritor, Shane

    management. The response rate to the survey was 23% and in- cluded: 127 agricultural advisors influencingCrop Management and Diagnostic Clinic IMPACT REPORT University of Nebraska­Lincoln * Institute profitability and protect the environment through research-based management practices. Partnership The Crop

  19. The impact of new short season rice varieties on drying and storage of rough rice in Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhagia, Gobind Shewakram

    1967-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    THE IMPACT OF NEW SHORT SEASON RICE VARIETIES ON DRYING AND STORAGE OF ROUGH RICE IN TEXAS A Thesis by GOBIND SHEWAKRAM BHAGIA Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE January 1967 Ma)or Sub/ect: Agricultural Economics THE IMPACT OF NEW SHORT SEASON RICE VARIETIES ON DRYING AND STORAGE OF ROUGH RICE IN TEXAS A Thesis by GOBIND SHEWAKIUiM BHAGIA Approved as to style and oontent by...

  20. Evolutionary transients in the rice transcriptome.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Jun; Zhang, Jianguo; Li, Ruiqiang; Zheng, Hongkun; Li, Jun; Zhang, Yong; Li, Heng; Ni, Peixiang; Li, Songgang; Li, Shengting; Wang, Jingquiang; Liu, Dongyuan; McDermott, Jason E.; Samudrala, Ram; Liu, Siqi; Wang, Jian; Yang, Huanming; Yu, Jun; Wong, Gane Ka-Shu

    2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The number of protein-coding genes predicted from the rice genome remains much larger than the number of genes for Arabidopsis. Most of the excess rice genes show low similarity to Arabidopsis, and eudicots in general. It is difficult to repudiate these genes because even for the 19,079 non-redundant rice cDNAs that have been sequenced, 34.3% are low similarity. Here, we describe a major contributor to this excess of low similarity genes: the frequent and continued occurrence of gene duplications in plants, and the post- duplicative degradation (i.e. relaxed selection) that is typically expected to occur in one of the two gene copies. The salient feature of this degradation is an increase in Ka/Ks for Ks per available site, respectively. We show that low similarity genes are expressed at lower mRNA and protein levels than other genes, and that regions of the encoded proteins are structurally disordered. Indeed, many are evolutionary “transients” that may be destined to die, even if they remain transcriptionally active for millions of years.

  1. International Experience in Standards and Labeling Programs for Rice Cookers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhou, Nan; Zheng, Nina

    2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    China has had an active program on energy efficiency standards for household appliances since the mid-1990s. Rice cooker is among the first to be subject to such mandatory regulation, since it is one of the most prevalent electric appliances in Chinese households. Since first introduced in 1989, the minimum energy efficiency standard for rice cookers has not been revised. Therefore, the potential for energy saving is considerable. Initial analysis from CNIS indicates that potential carbon savings is likely to reach 7.6 million tons of CO2 by the 10th year of the standard implementation. Since September 2007, CNIS has been working with various groups to develop the new standard for rice cookers. With The Energy Foundation's support, LBNL has assisted CNIS in the revision of the minimum energy efficiency standard for rice cookers that is expected to be effective in 2009. Specifically, work has been in the following areas: assistance in developing consumer survey on usage pattern of rice cookers, review of international standards, review of international test procedures, comparison of the international standards and test procedures, and assessment of technical options of reducing energy use. This report particularly summarizes the findings of reviewing international standards and technical options of reducing energy consumption. The report consists of an overview of rice cooker standards and labeling programs and testing procedures in Hong Kong, South Korea, Japan and Thailand, and Japan's case study in developing energy efficiency rice cooker technologies and rice cooker efficiency programs. The results from the analysis can be summarized as the follows: Hong Kong has a Voluntary Energy Efficiency Labeling scheme for electric rice cookers initiated in 2001, with revision implemented in 2007; South Korea has both MEPS and Mandatory Energy Efficiency Label targeting the same category of rice cookers as Hong Kong; Thailand's voluntary endorsement labeling program is similar to Hong Kong in program design but has 5 efficiency grades; Japan's program is distinct in its adoption of the 'Top Runner' approach, in which, the future efficiency standards is set based on the efficiency levels of the most efficient product in the current domestic market. Although the standards are voluntary, penalties can still be evoked if the average efficiency target is not met. Both Hong Kong and South Korea's tests involve pouring water into the inner pot equal to 80% of its rated volume; however, white rice is used as a load for its tests in Hong Kong whereas no rice is used for tests in South Korea. In Japan's case, water level specified by the manufactures is used and milled rice is used as a load only partially in the tests. Moreover, Japan does not conduct heat efficiency test but its energy consumption measurements tests are much more complex, with 4 different tests are conducted to determine the annual average energy consumption. Hong Kong and Thailand both set Minimum Allowable Heat Efficiency for different rated wattages. The energy efficiency requirements are identical except that the minimum heat efficiency in Thailand is 1 percentage point higher for all rated power categories. In South Korea, MEPS and label's energy efficiency grades are determined by the rice cooker's Rated Energy Efficiency for induction, non-induction, pressure, nonpressure rice cookers. Japan's target standard values are set for electromagnetic induction heating products and non-electromagnetic induction heating products by different size of rice cookers. Specific formulas are used by type and size depending on the mass of water evaporation of the rice cookers. Japan has been the leading country in technology development of various types of rice cookers, and developed concrete energy efficiency standards for rice cookers. However, as consumers in Japan emphasize the deliciousness of cooked rice over other factors, many types of models were developed to improve the taste of cooked rice. Nonetheless, the efficiency of electromagnetic induction heating (IH) rice cook

  2. artichoke tissues cultivated: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    can prevent soil erosion, grown as a live fence and used as an alternate commercial crop. The seed oil can be used as a feed stock for biodiesel. Alternatively Jatropha oil...

  3. ABSTRACT: Bioenergy Harvesting Technologies to Supply Crop Residues...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    ABSTRACT: Bioenergy Harvesting Technologies to Supply Crop Residues In a Densified Large Square Bale Format ABSTRACT: Bioenergy Harvesting Technologies to Supply Crop Residues In a...

  4. alternative cropping systems: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and environmental health is a key challenge for agricultural sustainability. Most crop production Sims, Gerald K. 33 Dryland Winter Wheat and Grain Sorghum Cropping...

  5. Rapid, Low-Cost Conversion from Rice to Improved Pastures.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weihing, Ralph M. (Ralph Martin); Moncrief, James B.

    1950-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    was broadcast September 29, 1949 in rice at last draining. The *clover was broadcast in the stubble in November 1949. Twelve-inch rice stubble is ob- scured by grass and clover. The plots were mowed March 13 and May 16, 1950. Yields are shown in Table 2...

  6. Nonlinear Dynamics and Fractal Avalanches in a Pile of Rice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wijngaarden, Rinke J.

    Nonlinear Dynamics and Fractal Avalanches in a Pile of Rice Rinke J. Wijngaarden1 , Kinga A to determine whether a particular system is SOC or not. In fact, for sand piles both SOC and non-SOC behaviour-dimensional pile of rice with a 1 × 1 m2 floor area. Using the more stringent criteria, we discovered [10

  7. TECHNICAL ADVANCE Spatial control of transgene expression in rice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haseloff, Jim

    spatial control of transgene expression in all organs of the model monocotyledonous species rice (Oryza. In particular, spatial control of trans- gene expression allowing the manipulation of gene expres- sionTECHNICAL ADVANCE Spatial control of transgene expression in rice (Oryza sativa L.) using the GAL4

  8. Effects of amylose and amylopectin on quality of rice noodles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chinnapha, Naliwan, Dd 1976-

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -air drying, cooling, and packaging. Rice noodles are a dehydrated product and can be stored lor 1-2 years at room temperature. Rice noodles can be rehydrated quickly in hot water (Juliano and Sakurai 1985, Luh 1999). Maurer (2000) developed a practical...

  9. Red rice (Oryza sativa L.) control in herbicide tolerant rice (Oryza sativa L.)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steele, Gregory Lee

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    .29, 0.45, or 0.60 kg/ha provided similar levels of red rice control, whether applied at the 1 to 2-leaf stage, or the 4-leaf, 2-tiller stage. However, the following year early postemergence applications were more efficacious than single late...

  10. PETRO: Higher Productivity Crops for Biofuels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    PETRO Project: The 10 projects that comprise ARPA-E’s PETRO Project, short for “Plants Engineered to Replace Oil,” aim to develop non-food crops that directly produce transportation fuel. These crops can help supply the transportation sector with agriculturally derived fuels that are cost-competitive with petroleum and do not affect U.S. food supply. PETRO aims to redirect the processes for energy and carbon dioxide (CO2) capture in plants toward fuel production. This would create dedicated energy crops that serve as a domestic alternative to petroleum-based fuels and deliver more energy per acre with less processing prior to the pump.

  11. AC 263,222 for red rice control in soybeans and its potential injury to rice in a rotation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grymes, Charles Frost

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Field studies were conducted in 1991 and 1992 to evaluate the response of soybean, red rice, and rice the following year to AC 263,222 applied alone and in tank mixtures with imazethapyr or imazaquin. In 1991, AC 263,222 applied alone at 18, 36...

  12. Collection Policy: SOIL, CROP AND ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES Subject Scope | Priority Tables | Other policies . . .

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Angenent, Lars T.

    ; weed science; soil/ root zone processes; manure and sludge management; water quality 1.6 Noteworthy, oil, fiber and sugar crops. Forage crops. Forest crops. Weeds. Tropical crops. Non-traditional crops

  13. Texas Rice, Volume VI, Number 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ; Rick Norman, Univer- sity of Arkansas; and Brian Ottis, University of Missouri. For more information email twalker@drec.msstate.edu Photo by Mike Jund Rice seedlings at the 4 and 5 leaf stage, with urea applied, just prior to permanent flood. Achieving...’s Nutrition Research Center Researcher in the News... Growing up a carpenter’s son with a love for science, Mike debated on which would be his career, and which would be his hobby. In the end, he decided on career in plant science, but his skill for building...

  14. Texas Rice, Volume VII, Number 1 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , are only 7 to 9 days later than the prominent ja- ponica check cultivar Francis, yield 83 to 96% of the check, have grain shape and amylose contents similar to US long grain cultivars, and, very importantly, have competitive head rice yields... earlier than their respective indica parents, and are 9 and 21 days later than the japonica check Francis. Grain shape and amylose contents are similar to U.S. long grain varieties. Still more early flowering mu- 2 From the Editor... Inside This Issue...

  15. Texas Rice, Volume 1, Number 7

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    withdrawal of an insecticide by EPA, and greater competition among basic manu- facturers, which theoretically reduces pesticide costs. This year the lab is evaluating 6 new insec- ticides at different rates and timings. With regard to the efficacy of Icon 6....2FS treated seed after storage, Mo and his crew addressed this ques- tion with an experi- ment conducted at the Beaumont Cen- ter this year. XL-6 and Cocodrie were treated with Icon 6.2FS at 0.0375 lb (AI)/acre in Dec 2000 (then stored in a rice bin...

  16. Texas Rice, Volume III, Number 5 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    - lections and purifying the different lines. Dan and Myrtle have two children, Gary (who also works in rice consulting) and Anita, whose husband works for an ag chemical company. Anita and Troy Miller have two daughters, Abby 2 years and Ella 4 months. Since... they live in Dan’s hometown of Lub- bock, the Bradshaw’s make frequent trips out west to visit the grandchildren. Dan can be reached on his cell phone at 979-541- 7560 or email ricepro@wcnet.net. Bradshaw Agricultural Consulting – Gary Bradshaw Gary grew up...

  17. Multiplier analysis of policy impacts on rice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, John Wesley

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    evaluated in terms of their statistical performance and estimated elasticities. Secondly, both short-run and long-run multipliers are derived from the reduced form version of the estimated equations. The demand relationships are then incorporated into AG-GEM..., a general equilibrium model which emphasizes agriculture. The AG-GEM model is used to conduct a multiplier analysis by selected shocks to the complete system of supply and demand for U. S rice. A selected multiplier effect computed by the AG-GEM...

  18. Far West Rice | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model,DOEHazelPennsylvania: EnergyExolisFairway, Kansas:Maine: EnergyTexas:West Rice

  19. Rice Lake Utilities | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt Ltd Jump to: navigation,Maze - MakingMinnesota: Energy Resources Jump to:Rice

  20. Crop Management Factors: What is Important?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kastens, Terry L.; Dhuyvetter, Kevin C.; Nivens, Heather; Klinefelter, Danny A.

    1999-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Crop Management Factors: What is Important? Terry L. Kastens, Kevin C. Dhuyvetter, Heather Nivens and Danny Klinefelter* Defining Good Farm Management Economically, a well-managed farm is one that consistently makes greater prof- its than similarly...

  1. Modelling the UK perennial energy crop market 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander, Peter Mark William

    2014-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Biomass produced from perennial energy crops, Miscanthus and willow or poplar grown as short-rotation coppice, is expected to contribute to UK renewable energy targets and reduce the carbon intensity of energy production. ...

  2. Aphids on Cruciferous Crops: Identification and Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Tong-Xian; Sparks Jr., Alton N.

    2001-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

    At least five species of aphids attack cruciferous crops (cabbage, collards, cauliflower, broccoli, kale and others). This publication explains the characteristics that can help producers identify aphids and the damage they cause. Suggestions...

  3. Features . . . Cover Crop Value to Cotton

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, Craig A.

    .............................................................................................Page 6 Fuel Prices Projections - Encouraging News .......................Page 7 Agronomy Notes VolumeFeatures . . . Cotton Cover Crop Value to Cotton Cotton Price and Rotation ..............................................................Page 5 Miscellaneous Large differences in nitrogen prices.......................................Page 6

  4. Cassava, a potential biofuel crop in China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jansson, C.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    as a means to produce novel biodiesel crops. We also don’tto oil Ethanol and biodiesel are the two major bio-basedin transportation. Compared to biodiesel, the net energy

  5. Texas Rice, Volume 1, Number 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (International Paper); fertilizer from Helena Chemical Company; herbicides and pesticides from Zeneca, Novartis, Rohm&Haas, FMC, BASF and DuPont; aerial applications provided by Garrett’s Flying Service; grain transportation by T&T Trucking of Alvin; crop drying...

  6. An Internship in crop chemical protection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McHam, Charles

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    AN INTERNSHIP IN CROP CHEMICAL PROTECTION A PROFESSIONAL PAPER BY CHARLES McHAM Submitted to the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF AGRICULTURE August 1991 Department of Agricultural Education Agricultural Development AN INTERNSHIP IN CROP CHEMICAL PROTECTION A PROFESSIONAL PAPER BY CHARLES McHAM Approved as to style and content by: Dr. Don R. Herring, C ir, Graduate Committee Dr...

  7. Risk in agriculture : a study of crop yield distributions and crop insurance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gayam, Narsi Reddy

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Agriculture is a business fraught with risk. Crop production depends on climatic, geographical, biological, political, and economic factors, which introduce risks that are quantifiable given the appropriate mathematical ...

  8. Covering Note INTER-ACADEMY REPORT ON GM CROPS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dhingra, Narender K.

    Covering Note for INTER-ACADEMY REPORT ON GM CROPS (Updated) The Inter-Academy Report on GM crops the main conclusions and recommendations. The literature on GM crops is voluminous. More than a hundred seek to enunciate a national strategy on GM crops. The rest deals with concerns, surveillance etc. #12

  9. Economic and Environmental Impacts of Adoption of Genetically Modified Rice in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bond, Craig A.; Carter, C A; Farzin, Y. Hossein

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    for Global Acceptance of GM Crop Tech- nology? Ithaca NY:environmental advantages of GM crops over more conventionalwidespread adoption of GM crops such as herbicide-tolerant (

  10. An engineered community approach for industrial cultivation of microalgae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kazamia, Elena; Riseley, Anthony S.; Howe, Christopher J.; Smith, Alison G.

    2014-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

    potential for algal biodiesel production in the USA indicated that the availability of nitrogen 194 and phosphorus fertilisers were the major limiting factors to large scale cultivation.27 In a 195 recent study, Azotobacter vinelandii, a nitrogen... Biotechnol 2010:28(2):126–128. 325 4. Scott SA, Davey MP, Dennis JS, et al. Biodiesel from algae: challenges and prospects. 326 Curr Opin Biotechnol 2010:21(3):277–286. 327 5. Mata TM, Martins AA, Caetano NS. Microalgae for biodiesel production...

  11. Higher U.S. Crop Prices Trigger Little Area Expansion so Marginal Land for Biofuel Crops Is Limited

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Swinton, S.; Babcock, Bruce; James, Laura; Bandaru, Varaprasad

    2011-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

    By expanding energy biomass production on marginal lands that are not currently used for crops, food price increases and indirect climate change effects can be mitigated. Studies of the availability of marginal lands for dedicated bioenergy crops have focused on biophysical land traits, ignoring the human role in decisions to convert marginal land to bioenergy crops. Recent history offers insights about farmer willingness to put non-crop land into crop production. The 2006-09 leap in field crop prices and the attendant 64% gain in typical profitability led to only a 2% increase in crop planted area, mostly in the prairie states

  12. Recycling produced water for algal cultivation for biofuels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Neal, Justin N. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sullivan, Enid J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Dean, Cynthia A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Steichen, Seth A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2012-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Algal growth demands a continuous source of water of appropriate salinity and nutritional content. Fresh water sources are scarce in the deserts of the Southwestern United States, hence, salt water algae species are being investigated as a renewable biofuel source. The use of produced water from oil wells (PW) could offset the demand for fresh water in cultivation. Produced water can contain various concentrations of dissolved solids, metals and organic contaminants and often requires treatment beyond oil/water separation to make it suitable for algae cultivation. The produced water used in this study was taken from an oil well in Jal, New Mexico. An F/2-Si (minus silica) growth media commonly used to cultivate Nannochloropsis salina 1776 (NS 1776) was prepared using the produced water (F/2-Si PW) taking into account the metals and salts already present in the water. NS 1776 was seeded into a bioreactor containing 5L of the (F/2-Si PW) media. After eleven days the optical density at 750 nm (an indicator of algal growth) increased from 0 to 2.52. These results indicate algae are able to grow, though inhibited when compared with non-PW media, in the complex chemical conditions found in produced water. Savings from using nutrients present in the PW, such as P, K, and HCO{sub 3}{sup -}, results in a 44.38% cost savings over fresh water to mix the F/2-Si media.

  13. Cultivation and Care of Trees on the Farm in Texas.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ness, H. (Helge)

    1922-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , because of the material changes in both their physical and their chemical char- acters. The capacity for retaining moisture becomes greatly lessened; hence crops of any kind, on such mil, are soon retarded and injured by drouths. Another very serious... they are not nitrogen-producers, and will have to be sown every fall. Of winter legumes, suitable for cover crops in orchards for our re- gion, there are but two species that can be recommended, namely, the bur clover, Medicogo denticulata, and the crimson clover...

  14. REVIEW ARTICLE Models to support cropping plan and crop rotation decisions.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    . To support farmers and efficiently allocate scarce resources, decision support models are developed. DecisionREVIEW ARTICLE Models to support cropping plan and crop rotation decisions. A review Jérôme Dury /Published online: 8 July 2011 # INRA and Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011 Abstract Farmers must

  15. Fecundity selection in a sunflower crop-wild study: can ecological data predict crop allele changes?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cummings, Charity L.; Alexander, Helen M.; Snow, Allison A.; Rieseberg, Loren H.; Kim, Min Ju; Culley, Theresa M.

    2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    escape rates via crop–weed mating. Conservation Biology 5:531–535. Klinger, T., and N. C. Ellstrand. 1994. Engineered genes in wild populations: fitness of weed–crop hybrids of Raphanus sativus. Ecological Applications 4:117–120. Langevin, S. A., K. Clay...

  16. Improving the Profitability of Willow Crops--Identifying Opportunities with a Crop Budget Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vermont, University of

    for energy generation and bioproducts. However, since willow crops are not widely grown in North America understood. We developed a budget model, EcoWillow v1.4 (Beta), that allows users to analyze the entire . Coppice . Willow. Economics . Management . Profitability Introduction Perennial energy crops like short

  17. The Potential for Pennsylvania Crops as Biofuels Higher energy costs over the past few years have created opportunities for the use of crops and crop residues

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Dongwon

    The Potential for Pennsylvania Crops as Biofuels Higher energy costs over the past few years have Potential for Pennsylvania Crops as Biofuels 2 Soybeans Soybean acreage is on the increase in Pennsylvania

  18. Rice University Centennial Celebration Graphic Standards Rice University celebrates its 100th year in October 2012. To establish the recognition of such a milestone, a special

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alvarez, Pedro J.

    Rice University Centennial Celebration Graphic Standards #12;Rice University celebrates its 100th the years. Rice University Centennial Celebration Graphic Standards In addition to the centennial mark Celebration Graphic Standards Black-and-white version Two-color version (Pantone 295 Blue and 425 Gray) White

  19. Evaluation of glufosinate for the control of red rice (Oryza sativa) in commercial rice (Oryza sativa) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hessler, Melanie Dawn

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    EVALUATION OF GLUFOSINATK FOR THE CONTROL OF RED RICE (Orna sativa) IN COMMERCIAL RICK (Oryta sativa) A Thesis by MELANIE DAWN HESSLER Submitted to the OIIice of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1999 Major Subject; Agronomy EVALUATION OF GLUFOSINATE FOR THE CONTROL OF RED RICK (Oryza siva) IN COMMERCIAL RICK (Orna su&a) A Thesis by MELANIE DAWN HESSLER Submitted to the Ofiice of Graduate...

  20. Texas Rice, Volume 1, Number 6

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Report, Dr. Fred Turner and Mike Jund Ratoon continued... ers were able to increase their yield and also have a ratoon, or second crop, which increased their revenue. Evatt s research findings yielded valuable advice for the early days of ratoon... quantitative assessment of leaf color, rather than relying on per- continued on next page Dr. Fred Turner at the 2001 Beaumont Field Day 5 Researcher continued... sonal vision, which varies with individuals and sunlight. Turner and Mike Jund, a research...

  1. Texas Rice, Volume III, Number 7

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of 1974 and currently has 179 crop- land research acres. They have 40 research and ex- tension faculty and support staff and the Center is headquarters for TCE District 11, comprising 18 coun- ties in the Coastal Bend Region. Research at the Cor- pus.... Stephenville - The Stephenville Center is located on 675 acres of sandy soil in North Central Texas. The Center houses TAES staff conducting research on pea- nuts, peaches, pecans, forage, water utilization, and dairy; and TCE staff that direct extension...

  2. Rice Transformation as a Means to Study Gene Expression

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiang, Yiming

    2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

    An exceptionally effective transformation procedure has been established by using class I embryo-derived rice callus. Every treated callus clump yielded multiple independently transformed plants (average 40 plantlets). Analysis of genomic DNA blots...

  3. Rice Transformation as a Means to Study Gene Expression 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiang, Yiming

    2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

    An exceptionally effective transformation procedure has been established by using class I embryo-derived rice callus. Every treated callus clump yielded multiple independently transformed plants (average 40 plantlets). ...

  4. VBA-0062- In the Matter of Susan Rice Gossett

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This Decision considers an Appeal of an Initial Agency Decision (IAD) issued on May 8, 2002, involving a Complaint filed by Susan Rice Gossett (Gossett or the Complainant) under the Department of...

  5. Ultrasonic techniques for measuring rheological properties of rice slurries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howell, Terry Allen

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    systems during food processing, resulting in poorly processed foods or production delays in processing plants. This research describes the development of a ultrasonic sensor to measure viscoelastic properties of rice slurries and dough. This inexpensive...

  6. Analysis of alternative marketing organizations for improving rice producer income

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guillot, Patrick Dale

    1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Depart nt) (Member) (Member) (Member) (Member) December 1975 ABSTRACT Analysis of Alternative Marketing Organizations for Improving Rice Producer income. (December 1975) Patrick Dale Guillot, B. S. , Louisiana State University Chairman of Advisory... of the Blue Ribbon Rice Mills, Inc. This gives ARI milling and storage facilities. Also, AGA has acquired control and ownership of the MGC facilities. Both of these actions are definite moves toward a fully integrated and producer operated organization...

  7. Inheritance of some characters in red rice (Oryza sativa L.)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Livore, Alberto Blas

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    INHERITANCE OF SOME CHARACTERS IN RED RICE (ORYZA SATIVA L. ) A Thesis ALBERTO BLAS LIVORE Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1985... Major Subject: Plant Breeding INHERITANCE OF SOME CHARACTERS IN RED RICE (ORYZA SATIVA L. ) A Thesis ALBERTO BLAS LIVORE Approved as to style and content by: J. Bockholt Co-Chairman) James W. Stansel (Co-Chairman) Charles N. Bollich (Member...

  8. Rice Bran as a Feed for Dairy Cows.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lush, Jay L. (Jay Laurence); Hale, Fred

    1927-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION B. YOUNGBLOOD, DIRECTOR COLLEGE STATION, BRAZOS COUNTY, TEXAS -- BULLETIN NO. 352 ' MARCH, 1927 RICE BRAN AS A FEED FOR DAIRY COWS AGRICULTURAL AND MECHANICAL COLLEGE OF TEXAS T. 0. WALTON, President...~culture. 1t f ion: 1 I I SYNOPSIS This Bulletin contains a general description of rice bran and a short review of the published experiments about its use as a feed for farm animals. A report is given of the findings obtained in three experiments mith...

  9. Determination of Oebalus pugnax (Hemiptera : Pentatomidae) spatial pattern in rice and development of visual sampling methods and population sampling plans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Espino, L.; Way, M. O.; Wilson, L. T.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    catches of stink bugs (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) in Floridafor the rice stink bug (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae). J. Econ.the rice stink bug (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae). Fla. Entomol.

  10. Seasonality and Its Effects on Crop Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tierney Jr., William I.; Waller, Mark L.; Amosson, Stephen H.

    1999-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

    consistent than the highs) and then rely on magnitude to predict the high. For example, a particular crop?s seasonal low may have occurred in October-November 80 percent of the time. The seasonal high was 12 to 15 percent above the seasonal low 75 percent... of the time. Based on this analysis, one would expect the seasonal low to come at harvest (in October or November) and the high to be 12 to 15 percent above the low. Of the two, timing is the more important for speculative purposes, whereas magnitude is often...

  11. Large-Scale Algal Cultivation, Harvesting and Downstream Processing Workshop

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    ATP3 (Algae Testbed Public-Private Partnership) is hosting the Large-Scale Algal Cultivation, Harvesting and Downstream Processing Workshop on November 2–6, 2015, at the Arizona Center for Algae Technology and Innovation in Mesa, Arizona. Topics will include practical applications of growing and managing microalgal cultures at production scale (such as methods for handling cultures, screening strains for desirable characteristics, identifying and mitigating contaminants, scaling up cultures for outdoor growth, harvesting and processing technologies, and the analysis of lipids, proteins, and carbohydrates). Related training will include hands-on laboratory and field opportunities.

  12. An evaluation of avian use of a rice-wetland system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Terry, Katherine Lynn

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    such as flooded rice fields and canals. This study was conducted to compare seasonal use of managed agricultural water areas to seasonal use of natural depressions by waterbird species. Study sites (natural depressions, flooded rice fields, canals, ponds...

  13. Subscriber access provided by RICE UNIV Environmental Science & Technology is published by the American Chemical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alvarez, Pedro J.

    Subscriber access provided by RICE UNIV Environmental Science & Technology is published . A L V A R E Z * , Departments of Civil and Environmental Engineering and and Chemistry, Rice October 17, 2008. Accepted October 21, 2008. Quantumdots(QDs)areincreasinglybeingusedforelectronics, solar

  14. SOIL QUALITY AND CROP Dick Wolkowski

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balser, Teri C.

    Protection Soil pH Crop residue Tillage intensity Soil test P and K Water availability Bulk density Soil SOIL QUALITY Inherent properties Texture Organic matter Aggregation Water holding capacity - Nutrient cycling - 1 g of soil has 100,000,000 bacteria #12;Water Soil particle Plant root SOIL IS HABITAT

  15. Crop Rotations in the Brazos River Valley.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Whiteley, Eli L.; Hipp, Billy W.

    1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and California in- volving the modification of physical properties of soil by crops and management was made by Uhland (22) . He reported that (1) plants with deep and well-developed root systems, such as alfalfa and kudzu, may be cxpected to increase...

  16. affecting lilium crops: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    number and the course Weiblen, George D 299 Improvements of switchgrass as a bioenergy crop. InGenetic Improvement of Bioenergy Crops. Edited by Vermerris W CiteSeer...

  17. Genetically modified food and crops: perceptions of risks 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hall, Clare R.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The debate around genetically modified food and crops has proved to be complex and far-reaching, involving diverse stakeholder groups and many issues. Although the extent of global uptake of GM crops has been substantial (23 countries and 114...

  18. Texas Rice, Volume VI, Number 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -level data only from this survey, ensur- ing that no individual operation or grower can be identified. Micro Reactor Pumps Out Biodiesel A tiny chemical reactor that can convert vegetable oil directly into biodiesel could help farmers turn some of their crops.... The device, about the size of a credit card, pumps vegetable oil and alcohol through tiny parallel channels, each smaller than a hu- man hair, to convert the oil into biodiesel almost instantly. By com- parison, it takes more than a day to produce biodiesel...

  19. Texas Rice, Volume VI, Number 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    process to create trans- genic crops is the biolistic method, commonly referred to as the ‘gene gun’. As the name implies, genetic material coated over gold or tung- sten is shot into target cells. Scientists have learned how to ‘program’ DNA to make... and denitrification. Studies were conducted on clay soil near Beau- mont, TX in 2003, 2004, and 2005 and on sandy loam soil near Eagle Lake, TX in 2004 and 2005. The fluid treatments received 75 or 100% of the 150 lbs N/A at planting, with the remainder be- ing...

  20. Texas Rice, Volume VI, Number 5 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    by processing these crops is produced more efficiently than the ethanol produced by corn. Water hyacinth, a weed that chokes waterways if left to grow uncontrolled, is even more energy efficient as a biomass feedstock,” Holtzapple said. In the MixAlco process..., the biomass feedstock, with added mi- croorganisms from sources such as dirt, compost piles and swamps, is treated with lime and then fer- mented to form organic salts. Wa- ter is removed and then the mixture is heated to form ketones, such as acetone, which...

  1. Texas Rice, Volume II, Number 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of average main crop yield for the two N rates and the two plant populations were: Wells, Cocodrie, XL8, XL7, LA2051, Saber, Cypress, Jefferson, Bolivar, CL121, CL141 and Ahrent. Evaluation of Icon 6.2 FS Under Reduced Seeding Rates Dr. Mo Way conducted... this study in 2000 comparing the yield potential of Cocodrie seeded at 40, 60, 80 and 100 lb/ac, with Icon treated and untreated seed. All seed was treated with Allegiance, Vitavax, Release and Zinc Starter prior to treating selected seed with Icon 6.2 FS...

  2. Texas Rice, Volume VII, Number 8

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    population of hemp sesbania. What was learned? Castillo said zero grade is critical to establishing an even and early flood. Also, the seeding rate in organic systems should be higher to ensure a thick stand, which would in turn help with weed... 41 acres, due to hemp sesbania, and the portion that was harvested had high numbers of the weed seeds in the final product. This, and a significant amount of brokens, drastically reduced the price received for the crop, resulting in a net loss...

  3. Microbiological and nutritional aspects of pendulous crop in turkey poults

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wheeler, Harry Ogden

    1959-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    with pendulous crop-------------- 39 2. "Milking" of turkey poult with, pendulous crop? - ---------- --- 40 3* Turkey poult after draining the crop, amount of fluid drained is shown in the 1 liter graduated cylinder? --------- ? ? - ---- 41 4. Blood alcohol... levels of poults on glucose monohydrate, starch and practiced type diets (4-week average)------ - ------- ? ------42 5. Weekly blood alcohols on turkey poults-? ----? --- -? *---43 JE vitro alcohol production by organism isolated from crop of turkey...

  4. Test of a solar crop dryer Danish Technological Institute

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Test of a solar crop dryer Danish Technological Institute Danish Institute of Agricultural Sciences Aidt Miljø A/S SEC-R-6 #12;Test of a solar crop dryer Søren Østergaard Jensen Danish Technological/S January 2001 #12;Preface The report describes the tests carried out on a solar crop dryer. The work

  5. Less Acres and Variable Yield Mark Ohio's Crops

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Michelle

    developing technologies and cropping systems that are efficient in capturing solar energy, sus- tainable overLess Acres and Variable Yield Mark Ohio's Crops From 1994 to 2004, the combined acreage of soybean Pathology Dr. Mark Loux Horticulture and Crop Science Dr. Robert Mullen School of Natural Resources Dr. Mark

  6. ORIGINAL PAPER Genetically modified crops and aquatic ecosystems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gruner, Daniel S.

    of genetically modified (GM) crops. The ERA for terrestrial agroecosystems is well-developed, whereas guidance for ERA of GM crops in aquatic ecosystems is not as well-defined. The purpose of this document studies are necessary to inform the risk assessment for a specific GM crop should be done on a case

  7. CliCrop: a Crop Water-Stress and Irrigation Demand Model for an Integrated Global Assessment Model Approach

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fant, C.A.

    This paper describes the use of the CliCrop model in the context of climate change general assessment

  8. african rice oryza: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Rsum - Boyer, Edmond 30 Xanthomonas oryzae pathovars: model pathogens of a model crop. University of California eScholarship Repository Summary: the plant pathogen...

  9. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Rapid evolution in crop-weed hybrids under artificial

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snow, Allison A.

    nontransgenic wild and cultivated radish (Raphanus raphani- strum, Raphanus sativus) as a model system. We

  10. Impact of mineralogy on potassium dynamics and retention behavior in Bangladesh soils used in rice cropping systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Biswas, Sumitra Bose

    2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Journal. 2 Most soils in the IGP, including those in Bangladesh, are usually regarded as high in K due to high rainfall, irrigation water and release from K-rich clay minerals (Dobermann et al., 1996a, 1996b, 1999). Potassium removal is large... of the Indo-Gangetic alluvial plains in India is derived from K feldspars and micas (Sidhu, 1984). Microcline and orthoclase are representative of K feldspars in these soils. Mica minerals present are muscovite and biotite in the coarser fractions...

  11. Investigation of Flow Characteristics in an Airlift-Driven Raceway Reactor for Algae Cultivation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Investigation of Flow Characteristics in an Airlift-Driven Raceway Reactor for Algae Cultivation are the most common choice for outdoor algae cultivation due to their low cost relative to enclosed. Algae require adequate mixing in order to maximize exposure to essential nutrients for growth

  12. Gene-targeted microfluidic cultivation validated by isolation of a gut bacterium listed in Human

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ismagilov, Rustem F.

    Gene-targeted microfluidic cultivation validated by isolation of a gut bacterium listed in Human, 2014) This paper describes a microfluidics-based workflow for geneti- cally targeted isolation that enables genetically targeted cultivation of microorganisms through a combination of microfluidics and on

  13. Cultivation and grazing altered evapotranspiration and dynamics in Inner Mongolia steppes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Jiquan

    Cultivation and grazing altered evapotranspiration and dynamics in Inner Mongolia steppes Haixia Grazing Steppe Inner Mongolia A B S T R A C T To examine the effects of cultivation and grazing in Duolun and a fenced and a degraded steppe in Xilinhot, Inner Mongolia, China. The ET of the four

  14. Clean heat, steam, and electricity from rice hull gasification

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bailey, R.W.; Bailey, R. Jr. [PRM Energy Systems, Inc., Hot Springs, AR (United States)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    PRM Energy Systems, Inc., (PRME) has completed the installation of a 330 ton/day biomass gasification system for Cargill Rice Milling of Greenville, Mississippi. The system was activated on November 1, 1995. Using the information and experience gained from the operation of previous installations, PRME scaled up its already proven technology by a factor of four and designed the model KC-218 to meet the needs of this particular facility. The PRME model KC-218 system converts unground rice hulls/straw and other biomass fuels to combustible gas which is burned in the boiler furnace delivering 115 million Btus/hr to an existing boiler/power island 5.0 MW of electricity and 15,000 pounds per hour of process steam for this rice parboiling facility.

  15. Japanese Sugar Cane as a Forage Crop.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leidigh, A. H. (Arthur Henry); McNess, George Thomas; Laude, H. H. (Hilmer Henry)

    1916-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STAT10 N BULLETIN NO. 195 AUGUST, 1916 DIVISION OF AGRONOMY JAPANESE SUGAR CANE AS A FORAGE CROP BY A. H. LEIDIGH, B. S., Agronomist, IN CONSULTATION WITH G. T. McNESS, Superintendent, Substation No. 11, Nacogdoches, and H. H.... LAUDE, B. S., Superintendenr, Substation No. 4, Beaumont I POSTOFFICE: COLLEGE STATION, BRAZOS COUNTY, TEXAS AUSTIN, TEXAS VON BOECKMANN-JONES CO., PRINTERS 1916 AGRICULTURAL AND MECHANICAL COLLEGE OF TEXAS W. B. BIZZELL, A. hq.. D. C. L...

  16. Crop acreage estimators based on satellite imagery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vidart, Stephane

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    acreages have been pooled during the creation of the two data sets. Each data set refers to a particular part of the state of Texas. The two regions are shown in Figure 1. The partitioning is made according to crop reporting districts (CRD), which... studies are reported: (1) a comparison of sample behavior with theoretical asymptotic behavior, (2) an evaluation using CAMS data and fixed size sampling units of the improvement of the estimators under the new decision process over the old multinomial...

  17. Seasonal Price Change and Commercial Storage Costs of Rice.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, Clarence A.; Whitney, Howard S.

    1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Seasonal Price Change and. - A .=a" Cp Commercial Storate Costs of Rice TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION I R. D. LEWIS, DIRECTOR, COLLEGE STATION. TEXAS This study was made to determine whether the seasonal behavior of the,market price... if the later price is sufficiently above the price at harvest to more than cover the cost of storing and handling until the sale is made. However, the farmer still would need to know when to sell to gain the greatest returns. The farmer with rice harvested...

  18. World production, consumption and international trade of rice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khan, Anwaruzzaman

    1957-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . Considerable quantities ars used in the brewing industry. The Sake of Japan V. D. Wickiaer and N. K. Bennett, op. oit . , p. 3. Table 2. World acreage and production of rice and wheat& 1909 through 1954. " Year Wheat "1909-13 "1925-29 1930-34 "1935... farm products. Table 10. Rice& Rough: Acreage relatives of the continents from 1925 to 1954, taking total world average for 1909-33 as 100? Continent 1909-13 1925-29 1930-34 1935-39 1940~ 194~9 1950-54 Asia Africa North Amerioa Europe South...

  19. Texas Rice, Volume 1, Number 9, Winter Issue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    — Winnie — David Murrell has been in seed rice production for over 20 years, growing mostly new releases. This year he grew 15 acres of registered Saber for his personal use, and for sale to neighbors. He has approximately 700 acres in com- mercial... are kept clean, especially from red rice, and the foundation seed pro- duced is of the highest possible quality. Foundation fields are planted between March 15 th and April 15 th . The seeding rate is 50 to 80 lbs/ac depending on the variety. Seed...

  20. Damage assessment and sampling of the rice stink bug, Oebalus pugnax (Fabricius) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae), in rice, Oryza sativa L., in Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vargas, Luis Espino

    2009-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

    DAMAGE ASSESSMENT AND SAMPLING OF THE RICE STINK BUG, Oebalus pugnax (FABRICIUS) (HEMIPTERA: PENTATOMIDAE), IN RICE, Oryza sativa L., IN TEXAS A Dissertation by LUIS ESPINO VARGAS Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas... A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY August 2007 Major Subject: Entomology DAMAGE ASSESSMENT AND SAMPLING OF THE RICE STINK BUG, Oebalus pugnax (FABRICIUS) (HEMIPTERA...

  1. Discrete Event Modeling of Algae Cultivation and Harvesting at Commercial Scale: Capital Costs, Operating Costs, and System Bottlenecks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lacey, Ph.D, P.E., Ronald E. [Texas A& M University

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Discrete Event Modeling of Algae Cultivation and Harvesting at Commercial Scale: Capital Costs, Operating Costs, and System Bottlenecks

  2. A national research & development strategy for biomass crop feedstocks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wright, L.L.; Cushman, J.H.

    1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Planning was initiated in 1996 with the objective of reevaluating current biomass feedstock research and development strategies to: (1) assure that by 2005, one or more commercial lignocellulosic to ethanol projects will be able to acquire a dependable supply of biomass crop feedstocks; (2) assure that recently initiated demonstrations of crops to electricity will be successful and; (3) assure that the research base needed to support future biomass industry expansion is being developed. Multiple trends and analyses indicate that biomass energy research and development strategies must take into account the fact that competition for land will define the upper limits of available biomass energy crop supplies and will largely dictate the price of those supplies. Only crop production and utilization strategies which contribute profit to the farmer or landowner and to energy producers will be used commercially for biomass energy production. Strategies for developing biomass {open_quotes}energy{close_quotes} crop supplies must take into consideration all of the methods by which biomass crops will enter biomass energy markets. The lignocellulosic materials derived from crops can be available as primary residues or crop by-products; secondary residues or processing by-products; co-products (at both the crop production and processing stages); or, as dedicated energy crops. Basic research and development (R&D) leading to yield improvement continues to be recommended as a major long-term focus for dedicated energy crops. Many additional near term topics need attention, some of which are also applicable to by-products and co-products. Switchgrass R&D should be expanded and developed with greater collaboration of USDA and state extension groups. Woody crop research should continue with significant cost-share from industries developing the crops for other commercial products. Co-product options need more investigation.

  3. CONSERVED INTEGRALS AND ENERGETIC FORCES JAMES R. RICE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and the structure of inealstic constitutive relations; they also include some new results on the energetic forcesCONSERVED INTEGRALS AND ENERGETIC FORCES JAMES R. RICE Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA ABSTRACT Conserved integrals of the Eshelby type representing energetic forces on dislocations, inclusions

  4. LP engine performance on rice straw producer gas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brownfield, J.J.; Jenkins, B.M.; Goss, J.R.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An LP gas engine was converted using commercially available parts to operate on gas from fluidized bed gasifier fueled by rice straw. The engine was derated up to 57.5% from the lower energy value of induction charge, variations in gas quality, lower mechanical and thermal efficiencies.

  5. Ammonia volatilization from soils with surface rice straw residue

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barghassa, Peyam

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    rice residue and related factors on NH3 volatilization from an acid Beaumont clay (pH 5.4) and an alkaline Lake Charles clay (pH 7.4). The treatments in the greenhouse and lab consisted of all possible combinations of the following variables: surface...

  6. Engineering Nanotechnology at Rice University has been huge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Materials Engineering Abstract Nanotechnology at Rice University has been huge since the discovery by a revolution in nanotechnology. Solving the world's energy (and climate, and water) challenges will demand revolutionary breakthroughs in the physical sciences and engineering, and nanotechnology offers unprecedented

  7. Crops sought as high chemical energy source

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rawls, R.

    1983-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The U.S. Dept of Agriculture's Agricultural Research Service is searching for native plants that are not now being grown as commercial crops but that could be grown profitably to produce easily extractable, high-energy organic products. Usually these products are hydrocarbons or whole plant oils; protein content and plant fiber content are also considered. One such plant being investigated is smooth sumac, a woody perennial that is native to North America and is a particularly good source of polyphenols, resins and oils.

  8. Traffic lights for crop-based biofuels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Phalan, Ben

    Traffic lights for crop-based biofuels Ben Phalan Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 3EJ, UK Email: btp22@cam.ac.uk Nobody likes to have limits put on their freedom. However, in all areas of life... of having to slow down is an acceptable price to pay if it reduces the number of pedestrians killed and injured. How is this relevant to biofuels? There are many different kinds of biofuels, including some with considerable potential to generate cleaner...

  9. Satsumaimo, the Japanese Sweet Potato

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hacker, Randi

    2013-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

    sweet potato. Back in the mid-18th century, rice crops failed which was bad. Then a man named Aoko Konyo began cultivating satsumaimo plants. They quickly became wildly popular. From the 1920s to the 1980s, the Showa period, peddlers sold roasted sweet...

  10. Development and Deployment of a Short Rotation Woody Crops Harvesting...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    SRC Woody Crop Header Re-direct Destination: Demand for bioenergy sourced from woody biomass is projected to increase; however, the expansion and rapid deployment of short...

  11. alley cropping system: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Markus 460 Organic and inorganic fertilization with and without microbial inoculants in peat-based substrate and hydroponic crop production. Open Access Theses and Dissertations...

  12. affect crop production: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Haseeb 93 Organic and inorganic fertilization with and without microbial inoculants in peat-based substrate and hydroponic crop production. Open Access Theses and Dissertations...

  13. alley cropping: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Markus 400 Organic and inorganic fertilization with and without microbial inoculants in peat-based substrate and hydroponic crop production. Open Access Theses and Dissertations...

  14. alley cropping systems: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Markus 460 Organic and inorganic fertilization with and without microbial inoculants in peat-based substrate and hydroponic crop production. Open Access Theses and Dissertations...

  15. aestivum cropping system: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Markus 455 Organic and inorganic fertilization with and without microbial inoculants in peat-based substrate and hydroponic crop production. Open Access Theses and Dissertations...

  16. When crop transgenes wander in California, should we worry?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellstrand, Norman C.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    crop hybrids of radish, Raphanus sativus L. Ecologic Applicaright, wild radish (Raphanus sativus). IN 1985, scientistswild radish (Raphanus sativus), an important California

  17. Fitness of Crop-Wild Hybrid Sunflower under Competitive Conditions: Implications for Crop-to-Wild Introgression

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mercer, Kristin L.; Emry, D. Jason; Snow, Allison A.; Kost, Matthew A.; Pace, Brian A.; Alexander, Helen M.

    2014-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

    , thereby influencing introgression patterns. Based on past work, we predicted that increased competition would enhance introgression between cultivated and wild sunflower (Helianthus annuus) by reducing fitness advantages of wild plants. To test...

  18. Principal Paper Sessions Cultivating Ecosystem Services from Agriculture (Scott M. Swinton, Michigan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Landis, Doug

    Principal Paper Sessions Cultivating Ecosystem Services from Agriculture (Scott M. Swinton, Michigan State University, Organizer) ECOSYSTEM SERVICES FROM AGRICULTURE: LOOKING BEYOND THE USUAL. The lens is especially revealing when applied to agriculture, the most widespread managed ecosystem

  19. Seasonal abundance and nature of damage of insects attacking cultivated sunflowers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Phillips, Ronnie Lee

    1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , the vacuum sampling and whole-plant sampling methods, respectively, were used to collect injurious insect species associated with cultivated sunflowers. Popula- tion data proved that the whole-plant sampling method was more effective for obtaining insects...SEASONAL ABUNDANCE AND NATURE OF DAMAGE OF INSECTS ATTACKING CULTIVATED SUNFLOWERS A Thesis by Ronnie Lee Phillips Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER...

  20. The effect of temperature and time on the mechanical properties of lightly milled rice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maa, Tsorng-Jong

    1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    MATERIALS AND EQUIPMENT Test Apparatus Dynamic Relative Humidity System PROCEDURE Milling and Equilibrating the R1ce Grain Compression Experiments Tension Experiments 10 10 12 14 15 16 Determination of Strength during Noisture Adsorption... TENSION LOADING OF BLUEBELLE LIGHTLY MILLED RICE 2 RESULTS FROM COMPRESSION LOADING OF BLUEBELLE LIGHTLY MILLED RICE 3 RESULTS FROM LOADING OF BLUEBELLE LIGHTLY MILLED RICE IN DIFFERENT POSITIONS 27 28 47 LIST OF FIGURES Figure Page Arrangement...

  1. Introducing the Canadian Crop Yield Forecaster Aston Chipanshi1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miami, University of

    for crop yield forecasting and risk analysis. Using the Census Agriculture Region (CAR) as the unit Climate Decision Support and Adaptation, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, 1011, Innovation Blvd, Saskatoon, SK S7V 1B7, Canada The Canadian Crop Yield Forecaster (CCYF) is a statistical modelling tool

  2. Chengci Chen, Ph.D. Professor of Agronomy (Cropping Systems)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dyer, Bill

    of Agriculture Promotion and Tenure Committee member, 2010-2011, 2013-present Western Society of Crop ScienceChengci Chen, Ph.D. Professor of Agronomy (Cropping Systems) Central Agricultural Research Center and oilseed bioenergy feedstock productions; nutrient management, water quality and water use efficiency

  3. Translational genomics of Vegetable Crops Las Vegas, NV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Douches, David S.

    Translational genomics of Vegetable Crops Las Vegas, NV July 21, 2005 David Francis and Allen Van Deynze At the recent ASHS meetings in Las Vegas, a workshop "Translational Genomics of Vegetable Crops interventions" (Minna and Gazdar, 1996). In applied plant science, "translational genomics" implies

  4. Water footprint assessment of crop production in Shaanxi, China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vellekoop, Michel

    #12;i Water footprint assessment of crop production in Shaanxi, China Bachelor Thesis Civil, Yangling, China Keywords: Agricultural crops, water footprint, Shaanxi province, CROPWAT #12;ii #12;iii ABSTRACT The water footprint, introduced by professor A.Y. Hoekstra, is an indicator of freshwater use

  5. October 2009 Minnesota Crop Cost & Return Guide for 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    funding was provided by the state of Minnesota's ReInvest in Minnesota Clean Energy Program. #12, spring wheat, sugar beets, and alfalfa hay) as well as potential energy crops (grassland crops, hybrid National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) regions and for Minnesota as a whole (see Figure 1

  6. November 2010 Minnesota Crop Cost & Return Guide for 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    funding was provided by the state of Minnesota's ReInvest in Minnesota Clean Energy Program. #12, and alfalfa hay) as well as potential energy crops (grassland crops, hybrid poplar trees, willow trees using the Bureau of Labor Statistics producer price index and the USDANASS index of prices paid

  7. Developing salt-tolerant crop plants: challenges and opportunities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blumwald, Eduardo

    Developing salt-tolerant crop plants: challenges and opportunities Toshio Yamaguchi and Eduardo areas of the world; the need to produce salt-tolerant crops is evident. Two main approaches are being used to improve salt tolerance: (i) the exploitation of natural genetic variations, either through

  8. The United States and Illegal Crops in Colombia: The Tragic Mistake of Futile Fumigation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tokatlian, Juan Gabriel

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The United States and Illegal Crops in Colombia: The Tragic94720 The United States and Illegal Crops in Colombia: Theof the process of eradicating illegal crops in Colombia. The

  9. Haiti Soil Fertility Analysis and Crop Interpretations for Principal Crops in the Five WINNER Watershed Zones of Intervention

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Lena

    1 Haiti Soil Fertility Analysis and Crop Interpretations for Principal Crops in the Five WINNER degradation dominate the landscape in Haiti and there is little accurate soil-fertility research available in five major watershed regions of Haiti: Gonaives, Archaie/Cabaret, Cul-de-Sac, Kenscoff, and Mirebalais

  10. Markets for rice husk-to-energy systems and equipment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Velupillai, L. [LSU Agricultural Center, Baton Rouge, LA (United States); Mahin, D.B. [International Energy Projects, Charlotte, NC (United States)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    A worldwide study of markets for U.S. equipment and systems for the production of energy from rice husks was conducted in 1995-96 by a team based at the Louisiana State University (LSU) Agricultural Center in Baton Rouge, Louisiana. The project was carried out in cooperation with Agrilectric Power Inc. and Riceland Foods, Inc., and funded by the U.S. Department of Energy through the National Renewable Energy Laboratory. The study included: (a) a global overview of the rice industry, rice husk availability and utilization, and husk-to-energy technologies, and (b) case studies of husk utilization and potential markets for husk-to-energy systems and equipment in five countries - the United States, Italy, China, Thailand, and Sri Lanka. The case studies in Italy, China, and Thailand were based in each case on a field trip to the country by a member of the project team. The study covered the following husk-to-energy technologies: furnace and boiler systems, steam engine systems, steam turbine systems, and gasifier/engine systems.

  11. Figliozzi, Wheeler, Albright, Walker, Sarkar, and Rice 1 Algorithms to Study the Impacts of Travel Time Reliability along Multi-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Figliozzi, Wheeler, Albright, Walker, Sarkar, and Rice 1 Algorithms to Study the Impacts and Regional Planning Portland State University Shreemoyee Sarkar Computer Science Portland State University, Sarkar, and Rice 2 Abstract Performance measures allow planners and engineers to monitor

  12. Taxonomic and Life History Bias in Herbicide Resistant Weeds: Implications for Deployment of Resistant Crops

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Commercialized Biotech/GM Crops: ISAAA Brief No. 34. ISAAA:Commercialized Biotech/GM Crops: ISAAA Brief No. 42. ISAAA:

  13. Long-term Black Carbon Dynamics in Cultivated Soil

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nguyen, Binh T.; Lehmann, Johannes C.; Kinyangi, James; Smernik, Ron; Riha, Susan J.; Engelhard, Mark H.

    2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Black carbon (BC) is a quantitatively important C pool in the global carbon cycle due to its relative recalcitrance against decay compared with other C pools. However, how rapidly BC is oxidized and in what way the molecular structure changes during decomposition over decadal time scales, is largely unknown. In the present study, the long-term dynamics in quality and quantity of BC were investigated in cultivated soil using X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS), Fourier-Transform Infrared (FTIR) and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) techniques. BC particles, obtained from soil samples at 8 conversion ages stretching over 100 years and from a forest soil sample from Kenya, were manually picked under a light microscope for characterization and quantification. BC contents rapidly decreased from 12.7 to 3.8 mg C g?¹ soil during the first 30 years since conversion, after which they slowly decreased to a steady state at 3.51 mg C g ?¹soil. BC-derived C losses over 100 years were estimated at 6000 kg C ha?¹ to a depth of 0.1 m. The initial rapid changes in BC stocks resulted in a mean residence time of only around 8.3 years, which was likely a function of both decomposition as well as transport processes. The molecular properties of BC changed more rapidly on surfaces than in the interior of BC particles and more rapidly during the first 30 years than during the following 70 years. The Oc/C ratios (Oc is O bound to C) and carbonyl groups (C=O) increased over time by 133 and 192 %, respectively, indicating oxidation was an important degradation process controlling BC quality. Al, Si, polysaccharides, and to a lesser extent Fe were rapidly adsorbed on BC particle surfaces within the first few years after BC deposition to soil. The protection by physical and chemical stabilization was apparently sufficient to not only minimize decomposition below detection between 30 and 100 years after deposition, but also physical export by erosion and vertical transport below 0.1 m.

  14. Functional Genomics of Drought Tolerance in Bioenergy Crops

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yin, Hengfu [ORNL; Chen, Rick [ORNL; Yang, Jun [ORNL; Weston, David [ORNL; Chen, Jay [ORNL; Muchero, Wellington [ORNL; Ye, Ning [ORNL; Tschaplinski, Timothy J [ORNL; Wullschleger, Stan D [ORNL; Cheng, Zong-Ming [ORNL; Tuskan, Gerald A [ORNL; Yang, Xiaohan [ORNL

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    With the predicted trends in climate change, drought will increasingly impose a grand challenge to biomass production. Most of the bioenergy crops have some degree of drought susceptibility with low water-use efficiency (WUE). It is imperative to improve drought tolerance and WUE in bioenergy crops for sustainable biomass production in arid and semi-arid regions with minimal water input. Genetics and functional genomics can play a critical role in generating knowledge to inform and aid genetic improvement of drought tolerance in bioenergy crops. The molecular aspect of drought response has been extensively investigated in model plants like Arabidopsis, yet our understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying drought tolerance in bioenergy crops are limited. Crops exhibit various responses to drought stress depending on species and genotype. A rational strategy for studying drought tolerance in bioenergy crops is to translate the knowledge from model plants and pinpoint the unique features associated with individual species and genotypes. In this review, we summarize the general knowledge about drought responsive pathways in plants, with a focus on the identification of commonality and specialty in drought responsive mechanisms among different species and/or genotypes. We describe the genomic resources developed for bioenergy crops and discuss genetic and epigenetic regulation of drought responses. We also examine comparative and evolutionary genomics to leverage the ever-increasing genomics resources and provide new insights beyond what has been known from studies on individual species. Finally, we outline future exploration of drought tolerance using the emerging new technologies.

  15. Impact of Interspecific Hybridization between Crops and Weedy Relatives on the Evolution of Flowering Time in Weedy Phenotypes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vacher, Corinne; Kossler, Tanya M.; Hochberg, Michael E.; Weis, Arthur E.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    transgene dispersal from GM crops to their weedy relativesof hybridizing with GM crop plants or hybrids. This may

  16. The University of Aberdeen is a charity registered in Scotland, No SC013683 The Sir Duncan Rice Library

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levi, Ran

    alternative types of study and work spaces are available in The Sir Duncan Rice Library: Room/Space Floor Rice Library - Silent Study Rooms (SE corner) Laurence Bebbington, July 2013 QG GEN021 [https://www.abdn.ac.uk/library-east corner of The Sir Duncan Rice Library (rooms 312, 412, and 512 are intended for silent study - but quiet

  17. The University of Aberdeen is a charity registered in Scotland, No SC013683 The Sir Duncan Rice Library

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levi, Ran

    alternative types of study and work spaces are available in The Sir Duncan Rice Library: Room/Space Floor Rice Library - Silent Study Rooms (SW corner) Laurence Bebbington, July 2013 QG GEN020 [https://www.abdn.ac.uk/library Duncan Rice Library (Rooms 112, 324, 424, 524 and 624) are intended for silent study only. Please note

  18. Influence of the driving rate in a two-dimensional rice pile model Kinga A. Lrincz and Rinke J. Wijngaarden

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wijngaarden, Rinke J.

    Influence of the driving rate in a two-dimensional rice pile model Kinga A. Lrincz and Rinke J the influence of the driving rate in the two-dimensional Oslo rice pile model. We find that the usual power are the Bak-Tang- Wiesenfeld BTW sandpile model 1,7 , the rice pile models the Oslo model 8 and the Amaral

  19. Adhesion of Rice Flour-Based Batter to Chicken Drumsticks Evaluated by Laser Scanning Confocal Microscopy and Texture Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    societies such as the United States (Shukla, 1993). The per capita consumption of battered and breaded foods consumption of rice and rice products, rice flour is a logical alternative for wheat flour in traditional of formulated batters and breadings is about 52 × 107 kg. The consumption of battered and breaded products

  20. Structure and Dynamics of the Surface in a Pile of Rice A. Malthe-Srenssen1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christensen, Kim

    Structure and Dynamics of the Surface in a Pile of Rice A. Malthe-Sørenssen1 , J. Feder1 , K, 2001) We analyze the surface geometry and dynamics in a slowly driven, quasi one-dimensional pile of rice. The pile dynamics is characterized by a sequence of contour lines (profiles). Only a narrow zone

  1. RICE UNIVERSITY CENTER FOR CAREER DEVELOPMENT T-SHIRT DESIGN CONTEST

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alvarez, Pedro J.

    for the front of the t-shirt. Keep in mind that detailed graphics may not print well when screen-printed. · If using any Rice University affiliated logos, please follow Rice University brand standards. · The graphics must be 100 percent your work. Inappropriate, vulgar or other offensive images

  2. Rice inventory credit in Madagascar : diversity of rural household strategies around an hybrid financial and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Rice inventory credit in Madagascar : diversity of rural household strategies around an hybrid been offering an innovative individual rice inventory credit to its members since 1993. Starting from the acknowledgement that the inventory credit is a hybrid product, which involves a mix of in kind and in cash flows

  3. Rice husks as a sustainable source of nanostructured silicon for high

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cui, Yi

    Rice husks as a sustainable source of nanostructured silicon for high performance Li-ion battery sustainable development. However, current applications of RHs have been limited to those with low added value the RHs naturally exists in the form of nanoparticles7 . As a living plant, rice absorbs silica

  4. Soil physical responses to novel rice cultural practices in the ricewheat system: Comparative evidence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, M.Todd

    Abstract Soil puddling in advance of rice (Oryza sativa L.) transplanting disperses surface aggregates­wheat rotation. For the rice season, 0­20 cm saturated hydraulic conductivity (Ksat) in the DSR plots was 2, penetration resistance profiles suggest that vertical fractures with reduced soil strength were created within

  5. The John M. Rezendes Ethics Essay Competition GOLDEN RICE: A GENETICALLY MODIFIED SOLUTION TO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Andrew

    The John M. Rezendes Ethics Essay Competition GOLDEN RICE: A GENETICALLY MODIFIED SOLUTION, such as beta-carotene (pro-vitamin A), which makes this predominant food source the main cause for vitamin Humanitarian Board, 2005-2011), a biofortified rice that was only possible through genetic engineering

  6. Responses of High Biomass Rice (Oryza sativa L.) to Various Abiotic Stresses 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kondhia, Aditi Nitinkumar

    2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Rice produces a lot of biomass which is an important trait in increasing grain yield and it is a potential feedstock for bioenergy production. High biomass rice is important to meet the growing demands of grains and biomass for food, fodder and bio...

  7. THE ROLE OF IRON PLAQUES IN IMMOBILIZING ARSENIC IN THE RICE-ROOT ENVIRONMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sparks, Donald L.

    THE ROLE OF IRON PLAQUES IN IMMOBILIZING ARSENIC IN THE RICE-ROOT ENVIRONMENT by Cecily Eiko Moyer Rights Reserved #12;THE ROLE OF IRON PLAQUES IN IMMOBILIZING ARSENIC IN THE RICE-ROOT ENVIRONMENT 1.1 Arsenic in the Environment

  8. 2014 RICE ALLIANCE ENERGY & CLEAN TECHNOLOGY VENTURE FORUM PARTICIPATING SPEAKERS & INVESTORS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014 RICE ALLIANCE ENERGY & CLEAN TECHNOLOGY VENTURE FORUM PARTICIPATING SPEAKERS & INVESTORS Louis for full-scale commercialization. #12;2014 RICE ALLIANCE ENERGY & CLEAN TECHNOLOGY VENTURE FORUM Albanese Investment Manager Louis Albanese is an investment manager at Saudi Aramco Energy Ventures (SAEV

  9. Recovery of Recombinant and Native Proteins from Rice and Corn Seed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilken, Lisa Rachelle

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    was unexpectedly reduced by 80%. The rice impurity, phytic acid, was identified as the potential cause of the unacceptably low iv capacity. Enzymatic (phytase) treatment prior to adsorption improved purification, implicating phytic acid as the primary... ................................................................... 56 Summary ........................................................................................ 80 IV EFFECT OF PHYTIC ACID ON RECOMBINANT HUMAN LYSOZYME PURIFICATION FROM TRANSGENIC RICE ........... 81 Overview...

  10. Engineering Enzymes in Energy Crops: Conditionally Activated Enzymes Expressed in Cellulosic Energy Crops

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2010-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Broad Funding Opportunity Announcement Project: Enzymes are required to break plant biomass down into the fermentable sugars that are used to create biofuel. Currently, costly enzymes must be added to the biofuel production process. Engineering crops to already contain these enzymes will reduce costs and produce biomass that is more easily digested. In fact, enzyme costs alone account for $0.50-$0.75/gallon of the cost of a biomass-derived biofuel like ethanol. Agrivida is genetically engineering plants to contain high concentrations of enzymes that break down cell walls. These enzymes can be “switched on” after harvest so they won’t damage the plant while it’s growing.

  11. The 2008 Farm Bill What's In It For Specialty Crops

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ­ Promote diversification of rural areas through biobased energy ­ Enhance efficiency of bioenergy Show 21st Century Challenges, The Farm Bill, and Purdue Agriculture Sonny Ramaswamy ·Grand challenges. · Agricultural Competitiveness ­ Improving crop and animal agriculture; enhancing farm productivity and income

  12. annual chilean crops: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    from the ground to their faucet. Sloggett (1979) estimated that 23 percent of the on-farm energy use for crop production in the U.S. was for onfarm pumping. The energy required to...

  13. annual traditional crops: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and two alternatives) in two (more) Li, Li 2014-01-01 3 TECHNICAL EFFICIENCY OF ANNUAL CROP FARMS IN NORTHERN VIETNAM Giang Dao and Phil Lewis Environmental Sciences and Ecology...

  14. Experiments with Fertilizers on Rotated and Non-Rotated Crops.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reynolds, E. B. (Elbert Brunner)

    1928-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This is a report of experiments conducted over a period of 14 years to study the effect of fertilizers, manure, removal. of crop residues, and rota- tion on the yield of crops. The fertilizer treatments included superphos- phate; superphosphate and manure...; superphosphate and cottonseed meal; manure; rock phosphate; and rock phosphate and manure. Cotton and corn were grown continuously on the same land and in rotation with oats and cowpeas. The soil responded more readily to nitrogenous than to phosphatic fer...

  15. Early detection of oil-induced stress in crops using spectral and thermal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blackburn, Alan

    ; thermography; plant; crop; oil pollution. Paper 12205 received Jul. 10, 2012; revised manuscript received Dec

  16. ]4NEWS AND COMMENTARY Polluting gene flow from crops...............................................................

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burke, John M.

    the occurrence of this process in the flowering plant genus Raphanus. The story begins well over 100 years ago, when two species of radish (Rapha- nus raphanistrum and the cultivated radish R. sativus) were, apparently pure popula- tions of R. raphanistrum and R. sativus were maintained near the edges of the species

  17. Wild Rice Electric Coop, Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit withTianlinPapers Home Kyoung's picture SubmittedWieland Electric GmbHWild Rice

  18. Residual alkalinity as tracer to estimate the changes induced by forage cultivation in a non-saline irrigated sodic soil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Residual alkalinity as tracer to estimate the changes induced by forage cultivation in a non, 31000 Toulouse, France Short title: Residual alkalinity and reclamation of sodic soil Summary Soil) the large amount of water supplied during cultivation that induced salt leaching. This is the main

  19. The effect of cranberry cultivation and restoration on nutrient uptake, cycling, and decomposition in three streams on Cape Cod

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vallino, Joseph J.

    -order streams at different stages of cultivation and restoration were analyzed to determine the effect of cranberry cultivation on stream health, and the ability of restoration to return a stream to its natural restored over time. This indicates that agriculture has a significant impact on a stream's health

  20. Using Legumes to Enhance Sustainability of Sorghum Cropping Systems in the East Texas Pineywoods Ecoregion: Impacts on Soil Nitrogen, Soil Carbon, and Crop Yields 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neely, Clark B

    2013-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

    bicolor (L.) Moench], high-biomass sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench], and annual forage cropping systems. These studies quantified legume soil moisture usage and C and N contributions to the soil and subsequent crop yields in East Texas. Primary...

  1. Marijuana National Forest: Encroachment on California Public Lands for Cannabis Cultivation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mallery, Mark

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    citizens began to grow marijuana on public lands because itand successfully grow and harvest marijuana crops. 36 TheMarijuana National Forest • Mallery T he remoteness of Cannabis grow

  2. RAPID FUSION METHOD FOR DETERMINATION OF PLUTONIUM ISOTOPES IN LARGE RICE SAMPLES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Maxwell, S.

    2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A new rapid fusion method for the determination of plutonium in large rice samples has been developed at the Savannah River National Laboratory (Aiken, SC, USA) that can be used to determine very low levels of plutonium isotopes in rice. The recent accident at Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant in March, 2011 reinforces the need to have rapid, reliable radiochemical analyses for radionuclides in environmental and food samples. Public concern regarding foods, particularly foods such as rice in Japan, highlights the need for analytical techniques that will allow very large sample aliquots of rice to be used for analysis so that very low levels of plutonium isotopes may be detected. The new method to determine plutonium isotopes in large rice samples utilizes a furnace ashing step, a rapid sodium hydroxide fusion method, a lanthanum fluoride matrix removal step, and a column separation process with TEVA Resin? cartridges. The method can be applied to rice sample aliquots as large as 5 kg. Plutonium isotopes can be determined using alpha spectrometry or inductively-coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). The method showed high chemical recoveries and effective removal of interferences. The rapid fusion technique is a rugged sample digestion method that ensures that any refractory plutonium particles are effectively digested. The MDA for a 5 kg rice sample using alpha spectrometry is 7E-5 mBq g{sup -1}. The method can easily be adapted for use by ICP-MS to allow detection of plutonium isotopic ratios.

  3. Effects of Agricultural Cultivation on Demographics of Southern High Plains Amphibians

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gray, Matthew

    Effects of Agricultural Cultivation on Demographics of Southern High Plains Amphibians MATTHEW J, Carbondale, IL 62901­6501, U.S.A. Abstract: Anthropogenic disturbance of landscapes surrounding wetlands) on the demographics of seven species and three age classes of amphibians in the Southern High Plains of Texas. We

  4. Water and nitrate exchange between cultivated ecosystems and groundwater in the Rolling Pampas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nacional de San Luis, Universidad

    model (UPFLOW) suggested that at TS groundwater supplied an importanWater and nitrate exchange between cultivated ecosystems and groundwater in the Rolling Pampas Agropecuaria Parana´, INTA, Ruta 11 km 12.5, 3101 Oro Verde, Argentina 1. Introduction Biogeochemical exchange

  5. Climate impacts on agriculture: Implications for crop production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hatfield, Jerry L.; Boote, Kenneth J.; Kimball, B. A.; Ziska, Lewis A.; Izaurralde, Roberto C.; Ort, Don; Thomson, Allison M.; Wolfe, David W.

    2011-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Changes in temperature, CO2, and precipitation under the scenarios of climate change for the next 30 years present a challenge to crop production. This review focuses on the impact of temperature, CO2, and ozone on agronomic crops and the implications for crop production. Understanding these implications for agricultural crops is critical for developing cropping systems resilient to stresses induced by climate change. There is variation among crops in their response to CO2, temperature, and precipitation changes and, with the regional differences in predicted climate, a situation is created in which the responses will be further complicated. For example, the temperature effects on soybean could potentially cause yield reductions of 2.4% in the South but an increase of 1.7% in the Midwest. The frequency of years when temperatures exceed thresholds for damage during critical growth stages is likely to increase for some crops and regions. The increase in CO2 contributes significantly to enhanced plant growth and improved water use efficiency; however, there may be a downscaling of these positive impacts due to higher temperatures plants will experience during their growth cycle. A challenge is to understand the interactions of the changing climatic parameters because of the interactions among temperature, CO2, and precipitation on plant growth and development and also on the biotic stresses of weeds, insects, and diseases. Agronomists will have to consider the variations in temperature and precipitation as part of the production system if they are to ensure the food security required by an ever increasing population.

  6. Quantitative determination and characterization of iron coatings on rice root surfaces

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Cy-Chain

    1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Chairman of Advisory Committee: Dr. Joe B. Dixon Iron oxyhydroxide (FeOOH) formed on rice root surfaces by the ox- idation of ferrous ions in the soil solution by oxygen released from the roots. The FeOOH coatings were extracted by dithionite...-citrate- bi. carbonate treatment. Three factors (rice variety, growth stage of rice and soil type) were determined to be statistically significant in relation to the amount of iron oxyhydroxide per unit weight of dry root. The accumulation of Fe...

  7. www.villanova.edu/COPE Turkey and Wild Rice Soup Recipe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackman, Todd

    servings) Turkey meat, cooked, shredded, about 1 lb. (1 1/2 - 2 c.) Wild rice, 1 c. (6 oz. dry) and Water multiple fast. Neither refrigeration or freezing kill bacteria: both will slow it down. Check your

  8. Rice University WARPnet: A Platform for Clean-Slate Deployed Wireless

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rice University WARPnet: A Platform for Clean-Slate Deployed Wireless Networks by Siddharth Gupta: A Platform for Clean-Slate Deployed Wireless Networks by Siddharth Gupta There has been a recent paradigm

  9. Responses of High Biomass Rice (Oryza sativa L.) to Various Abiotic Stresses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kondhia, Aditi Nitinkumar

    2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    the grain harvest. It can be used as mulch and help in conserving moisture and erosion control or compost and bedding for livestock. Biogas can be generated from rice straw. With catalytic activity of anaerobic bacteria, these residues are broken...

  10. The hydrogeochemistry of pond and rice field recharge : implications for the arsenic contaminated aquifers in Bangladesh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neumann, Rebecca B

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The shallow aquifers in Bangladesh, which provide drinking water for millions and irrigation water for innumerable rice fields, are severely contaminated with geogenic arsenic. Water mass balance calculations show that ...

  11. Red rice (Oryza sativa L.) ecotype tolerance to herbicides and winter weed management practices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nanson, Weldon Duane

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    was commercialized in 2002 by BASF Corporation 1 as CLEARFIELD * rice (Bollich et al. 2002). Imazethapyr kills susceptible plants by blocking the acetolactate synthase (ALS) enzyme responsible for the production of the branched chain amino acids isoleucine...

  12. Anaerobic fermentation of rice straw and chicken manure to carboxylic acids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agbogbo, Frank Kwesi

    2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    In this work, 80% lime-treated rice straw and 20% lime-treated chicken manure were used as substrates in rotary fermentors. Countercurrent fermentation was performed at various volatile solid loading rates (VSLR) and liquid residence times (LRT...

  13. Evaluating environmental consequences of producing herbaceous crops for bioenergy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McLaughlin, S.B.

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The environmental costs and benefits of producing bioenergy crops can be measured both in kterms of the relative effects on soil, water, and wildlife habitat quality of replacing alternate cropping systems with the designated bioenergy system, and in terms of the quality and amount of energy that is produced per unit of energy expended. While many forms of herbaceous and woody energy crops will likely contribute to future biofuels systems, The Dept. of Energy`s Biofuels Feedstock Development Program (BFDP), has chosen to focus its primary herbaceous crops research emphasis on a perennial grass species, switchgrass (Panicum virgatum), as a bioenergy candidate. This choice was based on its high yields, high nutrient use efficiency, and wide geographic distribution, and also on its poistive environmental attributes. The latter include its positive effects on soil quality and stabiity, its cover value for wildlife, and the lower inputs of enerty, water, and agrochemicals required per unit of energy produced. A comparison of the energy budgets for corn, which is the primary current source of bioethanol, and switchgrass reveals that the efficiency of energy production for a perennial grass system can exceed that for an energy intensive annual row crop by as much as 15 times. In additions reductions in CO{sub 2} emission, tied to the energetic efficiency of producing transportation fuels, are very efficient with grasses. Calculated carbon sequestration rates may exceed those of annual crops by as much as 20--30 times, due in part to carbon storage in the soil. These differences have major implications for both the rate and efficiency with which fossil energy sources can be replaced with cleaner burning biofuels.

  14. Moisture levels at which rice grains will not fissure from moisture adsorption

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamau, John Mugeto

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    MOISTURE LEVELS AT WHICH RICE GRAINS WILL NOT FISSURE FROM MOISTURE ADSORPTION A Thesis JOHN MUGETO KAMAU Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE... August 1985 Major Subject: Agricultural Engineering MOISTURE LEVELS AT WHICH RICE GRAINS WILL NQT FISSURE FROM MOISTURE ADSORPTION A Thesis JOHN MUGETO KAMAU Approved as to style and content by: Otto R. Kunze (Chairman of Committee) Calvin B...

  15. Inheritance of reaction to races IB-54 and IG-1 of Pyricularia oryzae Cav. in rice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eruotor, Peter Godwin

    1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -1. Linkage relationships of genes conditioning response to the two races were determined. In addi- tion, a comparison between two methods of innoculating plants with blast was made. CHAPTER II REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE Rice blast is characterized...). Nagao and Takahashi (33) presented data that established 12 linkage groups, representing, as expected, the number of chromosomes found in rice. iAccording to the Ling and Ou (27) classification now accepted by blast pathologists, IB-5 is IB-54 and IC...

  16. An economic analysis of sprinkler irrigation technology in the Texas Rice Belt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, Michael R

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    AN ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF SPRINKLER IRRIGATION TECHNOLOGY IN THE TEXAS RICE BELT A Thesis MICHAEL RAY PARKER Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OP... SCIENCE December 1985 Major Subject: Agricultural Economics AN ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF SPRINKLER IRRIGATION TECHNOLOGY IN THE TEXAS RICE BELT A Thesis MICHAEL R. PARKER Approved as to style and content by: M. Edward Rister (Co-Chairman) Ronald C...

  17. Variability of Grain Arsenic Concentration and Speciation in Rice (Oryza sativa L.)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pillai, Tushara Raghvan

    2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    VARIABILITY OF GRAIN ARSENIC CONCENTRATION AND SPECIATION IN RICE (Oryza sativa L.) A Dissertation by TUSHARA RAGHVAN PILLAI Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY December 2009 Major Subject: Molecular and Environmental Plant Sciences VARIABILITY OF GRAIN ARSENIC CONCENTRATION AND SPECIATION IN RICE (Oryza sativa L.) A Dissertation by TUSHARA...

  18. Determination of total dietary fiber and resistant starch in processed corn and rice products

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Corujo Martinez, Juan Ignacio

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    DETERMINATION OF TOTAL DIETARY FIBER AND RESISTANT STARCH IN PROCESSED CORN AND RICE PRODUCTS A Thesis by JUAN IGNACIO CORUJO MARTINEZ Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree 'of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1991 Major Subject: Food Science and Technology DETERMINATION OF TOTAL DIETARY FIBER AND RESISTANT STARCH IN PROCESSED CORN AND RICE PRODUCTS A Thesis by JUAN IGNACIO CORUJO MARTINEZ Approved...

  19. EIS-0439: Rice Solar Energy Project, Riverside County, California

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This environmental review was prepared by DOE’s Western Area Power Administration with the Department of the Interior’s Bureau of Land Management (BLM) as a cooperating agency. This EIS evaluates the environmental impacts of the Rice Solar Energy Project, a 150-megawatt solar concentrating electric powerplant proposed to be constructed on private land in the Sonoran Desert. DOE’s Western Area Power Administration actions under this proposal include building and operating a new substation to interconnect the solar project to Western’s transmission system. DOE may also use this EIS as part of its decision whether to issue a Federal loan guarantee to support the proposal. BLM’s actions under this proposal includes amending California Desert Conservation Area Plan to designate a new corridor for a 161-kV transmission line, which would facilitate the development of solar energy on private lands.

  20. Regulating the Regulators: The Increased Role for the Federal Judiciary in Monitoring the Debate over Genetically Modified Crops

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denton, Blake

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    w]hat Monsanto [a GM crop producer] wished for fromresponsible for regulating GM crops. It is through thisin the discussion about GM crops. See See See See supra Part

  1. Economic Impacts of Changes in United States Rice Price Variability on Market Efficiency, Marketing Margin and Producer Viability. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grant, W.R.; Richardson, J.W.; Brorsen, B.W.; Rister, M.E

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ------.---------------- - , ,,,, --,,,,,-- -,/""----- ... ... .,,;" 2.5-~~---.---r--.---~--.--.--~---r--.---~--~~--~ 55 57 59 61 63 65 67 69 71 73 75 77 79 81 83 YEAR Figure 7. Season average rice prices, 7955-82. Data Source: USDA- fRS, Rice Outlook and Situation 3 MARKET EFFICIENCY METHODS Sporleder...% level. Annual Texas mill prices (adjusted to a rough rice equivalence by a factor of 0.71) (USDA, Rice Situation and Outlook) and annual Texas farm prices were used to calculate the margins. The supply of marketing services was estimated...

  2. Estimated Costs of Crop Production in Iowa 2001

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duffy, Michael D.

    Estimated Costs of Crop Production in Iowa ­ 2001 The estimated costs of corn, corn silage. They include the annual Iowa Farm Business Association record summaries, production and costs data from and a survey of selected agriculture cooperatives around the state. These costs estimates are representative

  3. Estimated Costs of Crop Production in Iowa 2000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duffy, Michael D.

    Estimated Costs of Crop Production in Iowa ­ 2000 The estimated costs of corn, corn silage. They include the annual Iowa Farm Business Association record summaries, production and costs data from and a survey of selected agriculture cooperatives around the state. These costs estimates are representative

  4. Estimated Costs of Crop Production in Iowa 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duffy, Michael D.

    Estimated Costs of Crop Production in Iowa ­ 2005 The estimated costs of corn, corn silage. They include the annual Iowa Farm Business Association record summaries, production and costs data from and a survey of selected agricultural cooperatives and other input suppliers around the state. These costs

  5. Estimated Costs of Crop Production in Iowa 2002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duffy, Michael D.

    Estimated Costs of Crop Production in Iowa ­ 2002 The estimated costs of corn, corn silage. They include the annual Iowa Farm Business Association record summaries, production and costs data from and a survey of selected agricultural cooperatives and other input suppliers around the state. These costs

  6. Estimated Costs of Crop Production in Iowa 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duffy, Michael D.

    Estimated Costs of Crop Production in Iowa ­ 2006 The estimated costs of corn, corn silage. They include the annual Iowa Farm Business Association record summaries, production and costs data from and a survey of selected agricultural cooperatives and other input suppliers around the state. These costs

  7. TRADE COSTS AND THE GAINS FROM TRADE IN CROP AGRICULTURE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tullos, Desiree

    TRADE COSTS AND THE GAINS FROM TRADE IN CROP AGRICULTURE JEFFREY J. REIMER AND MAN LI We develop trade, and the elasticity of trade volumes to trade costs. The distribution of the gains from trade the extent by which changes in one country are transmitted to others. Key words: geography, grains, trade

  8. Using Animal Manure and Wastewater for Crops and Pastures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhtar, Saqib

    Using Animal Manure and Wastewater for Crops and Pastures * Assistant Professor and Extension Agricultural Engineering Specialist Waste Management; The Texas A&M University System. E-47 9-00 Know and Take Credit for your N, P and K Saqib Mukhtar* E ffluent from animal manure and wastewater impoundments

  9. Non-Traditional Soil Additives: Can They Improve Crop Production?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukhtar, Saqib

    or no nutrient content. Unlike fertilizers, additives are commonly not mar- keted with, nor are they required these materials to the soil will enhance crop production by improving water and/or nutrient availability such as evaporated sea water or sulfates, which may be com- bined with organic extracts of materials such as kelp

  10. 2008 GRASS ENERGY CROPS INFORMATION SHEET #1 Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pawlowski, Wojtek

    1 2008 GRASS ENERGY CROPS INFORMATION SHEET #1 Introduction The purpose of this information sheet are considering planting perennial grasses for energy uses, either on their own or rented land. The bioenergy-disciplinary renewable energy research effort supported by the New York Farm Viability Institute (NYFVI), Cornell

  11. Editor's Choice Editor's Choice: Crop Genome Plasticity and Its Relevance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parrott, Wayne

    . The term GE is preferred over the term "genetically modified" (commonly referred to as GMEditor's Choice Editor's Choice: Crop Genome Plasticity and Its Relevance to Food and Feed Safety of Genetically Engineered Breeding Stacks1 Genetically engineered (GE) stacks, combinations of two or more single

  12. Purpose-designed Crop Plants for Biofuels BIOENERGY PROGRAM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Purpose-designed Crop Plants for Biofuels BIOENERGY PROGRAM The Texas AgriLife Research Center for the biofuels industry. This program recognizes that the ideal combination of traits required for an economically and energetically sustainable biofuels industry does not yet exist in a single plant spe- cies

  13. No-till Cropping Systems for Stretching Limited Irrigation Supplies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

    No-till Cropping Systems for Stretching Limited Irrigation Supplies Gary W. Hergert, Professor, limited irrigation), (2) irrigation water management (improved scheduling, automated systems, converting management is required to reduce the causes of that conflict. Lower groundwater levels in irrigated areas

  14. FIELD CROPS 2012 Weeds: Corn 5-53

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liskiewicz, Maciej

    in Delmarva corn production. To be successful in controlling weeds in corn, the weed control program must this record to plan your weed control program. Cultural control. Several aspects of cultural weed control should be considered in planning a corn weed control program. These include weed-free seed, cover crops

  15. Control Strategies for Late Blight in the Alaska Potato Crop

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagner, Diane

    Control Strategies for Late Blight in the Alaska Potato Crop PMC-00339 Late blight is a devastating disease of both tomatoes and potatoes that is occasionally found in Alaska. There is no "cure" for the disease and there are very few re- sistant varieties of potatoes, so disease management strategies

  16. Genome analysis of Elusimicrobium minutum, the first cultivated representative of the Elusimicrobia phylum (formerly Termite Group 1)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herlemann, D. P. R.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the first cultivated representative of the ElusimicrobiaT , the first cultured representative of the TG1 phylum. Wefirst pure-culture representative of the TG1 phylum, from

  17. Scientists, growers assess trade-offs in use of tillage, cover crops and compost

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    depth depth depth depth compost was added two times perConv. crops were present. Compost was ap- Main effect Fof tillage, cover crops and compost Louise E. Jackson Irenee

  18. Intraspecific interference in forage crops. Biolo-gical density and its implication in the predic-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    , Italy SUMMARY From a series of experiments on intraspecific interference in such forage crops as lucerne inter- ference in such forage crops as lucerne (Medicago sativa L.) (ROTIL1, 1975, 1979 ; ROTILI

  19. CONTENT ANR @ MSU AgBioResearch Michigan Dry Bean Crop Protection Products

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SKIP TO CONTENT ANR @ MSU AgBioResearch Home Bean Info Beet Info Directions History InfoVideos Links Michigan Dry Bean Crop Protection Products Common Chemical Name Brand Name Company Crop Use Seed

  20. Guayule rubber: Cultivation and manufacture. (Latest citations from the Rubber and Plastics Rsearch Association database). Published Search

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The bibliography contains citations concerning research and development of guayule as a natural rubber source. Cultivation methods and locations, physical and chemical properties, economic factors of cultivation through manufacture, production forecasts, effects of mixing with synthetic rubbers, and vulcanization are among the topics discussed. Industrial health hazards, performance in the world market, and applications are considered. (Contains a minimum of 206 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.)

  1. Fact Sheet No. 0.710 Crop Series|Production Quick Facts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    StateUniversity Extension.8/14. www.ext.colostate.edu Since GM crops were introduced in the U.S. in the mid-1990s, they have the technology for developing GM crops and describes GM crops currently on the market in the U.S. What are GM technology are not allowed in organic production. Which GM crops are currently grown in the U.S.? Although

  2. Crop and vegetative growth impact on water infiltration into gulf coast soils

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peirce, Dwayne Jack

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Advisory Committee: Dr. Lloyd R. Hossner Water infiltration rates and the time to initial runoff (TTIR) of water were determined using a rainfall simulator on two select rice land soils in the Texas Gulf Coast. Non-vegetated (control), rice, and soybean... in the infiltration rate were due to variations in soil moisture content. The TTIR on the control plots decreased significantly during the course of the growing seasons on the Nada soil. The TTIR on the rice and soybean plots did not significantly change...

  3. CROPS AND SOILS RESEARCH PAPER Improved weather-based late blight risk management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Douches, David S.

    CROPS AND SOILS RESEARCH PAPER Improved weather-based late blight risk management: comparing models infestans) risk at 26 locations in the Great Lakes region. Accuracies of predictions made using an early number of early warning systems for crop disease risk that integrate with crop- specific decision support

  4. Age-Dependent Demographic Rates of the Bioenergy Crop Miscanthus 3 giganteus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sims, Gerald K.

    - generation biofuels, or from the biomass crops, referred to as second-generation biofuels, cellulosic renewable energy production (Genovesi 2011; Raghu et al. 2006). Biofuels, produced from crops, are a source biofuels or bioen- ergy crops (Jessup 2009). Because of their high yields and cellulose content, perennial

  5. Crop & Soil Science Seminar Series Mondays at 4:00 pm in Ag Life Sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tullos, Desiree

    Crop & Soil Science Seminar Series Fall 2013 Mondays at 4:00 pm in Ag Life Sciences 4000 September 30 NO SEMINAR October 7 Dan Sullivan Crop & Soil Science Dept. "Phosphorus: Now and Then" October 14/CSSA/SSSA meetings) November 11 Chris Klatt Crop & Soil Science Dept. "Tracking Microbial Use of C and N

  6. An integrated biogeochemical and economic analysis of bioenergy crops in the Midwestern United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jain, Atul K.

    -specific economic analysis of breakeven prices of bioenergy crop production to assess the biophysical and economicAn integrated biogeochemical and economic analysis of bioenergy crops in the Midwestern United potential of biofuel production in the Midwestern United States. The bioenergy crops considered

  7. Effects of Weed Resistance Concerns and Resistance Management Practices on the Value of Roundup Ready Crops

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mitchell, Paul D.

    modified (GM) crops since commercialization more than a decade ago. Globally, total planted acres of GM by 2008 (James, 2009). The U.S. dominates in use of GM crops, planting about half of the world's total GM recently, in a global analysis of the various GM crops, Brookes and Barfoot (2008) find that herbicide

  8. Multi-Attribute Modelling of Economic and Ecological Impacts of Agricultural Innovations on Cropping Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bohanec, Marko

    requires reversible private net-benefits from GM crops, such as net-benefits accruing to farmers with the adoption of a new technology. This factor is the so called hurdle rate. Hurdle rates associated to GM crops be inferred from time series data on farmer gross margins and secondary literature, by assuming that GM crops

  9. SUMMARY OF CHANGES FOR THE CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN POTATO CROP PROVISIONS (09-0284)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goodman, Robert M.

    SUMMARY OF CHANGES FOR THE CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN POTATO CROP PROVISIONS (09-0284) The following, New Mexico, it has been included in the Northern Potato Crop Provisions. Language has been added to allow the inclusion of other states or counties to the Central and Southern Potato Crop Provisions

  10. August 15, 2003 Crop conditions: Peach harvest is underway across the state, generally with good crops being re-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ginzel, Matthew

    -fighting capabilities. The new "dietary guidance state- ment" unveiled last month informs consumers that "diets ric across the state, generally with good crops being re- ported. Early apple varieties are being harvested, with Gala harvest underway now in southern areas of the state. Early varieties of grapes are being harvested

  11. Rice Field Geochemistry and Hydrology: An Explanation for Why Groundwater Irrigated Fields in Bangladesh are Net Sinks of Arsenic from Groundwater

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neumann, Rebecca B.

    Irrigation of rice fields in Bangladesh with arsenic-contaminated groundwater transfers tens of cubic kilometers of water and thousands of tons of arsenic from aquifers to rice fields each year. Here we combine observations ...

  12. Effect of crop residue harvest on long-term crop yield, soil erosion, and carbon balance: tradeoffs for a sustainable bioenergy feedstock

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gregg, Jay S.; Izaurralde, Roberto C.

    2010-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Agricultural residues are a potential feedstock for bioenergy production, if residue harvest can be done sustainably. The relationship between crop residue harvest, soil erosion, crop yield and carbon balance was modeled with the Erosion Productivity Impact Calculator/ Environment Policy Integrated Climate (EPIC) using a factorial design. Four crop rotations (winter wheat [Triticum aestivum (L.)] – sunflower [Helianthus annuus]; spring wheat [Triticum aestivum (L.)] – canola [Brassica napus]; corn [Zea mays L.] – soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.]; and cotton [Gossypium hirsutum] – peanut [Arachis hypogaea]) were simulated at four US locations each, under different topographies (0-10% slope), and management practices [crop residue removal rates (0-75%), conservation practices (no till, contour cropping, strip cropping, terracing)].

  13. DEEPWATER HORIZON OIL SPILL ESTIMATE: UPDATE JUNE 11, 2010 by Professor Satish Nagarajaiah, Rice University (www.ruf.rice.edu/~nagaraja &

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nagarajaiah, Satish

    DEEPWATER HORIZON OIL SPILL ESTIMATE: UPDATE JUNE 11, 2010 by Professor Satish Nagarajaiah, Rice. http://www.nytimes.com/2010/06/11/us/11spill.html?hp New Estimates Double Rate of Oil Flowing on Thursday essentially doubled its estimate of how much oil has been spewing from the out-of-control BP well

  14. ANALYSIS doi:10.1038/nature10452 Solutions for a cultivated planet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    , the situ- ation may worsen as food prices experience shocks from market specu- lation, bioenergy crop or are chronically malnourished, stemming from continued poverty and mounting food prices4,5 . Unfortunately (especially meat consumption), and increasing bioenergy use1­4,8,9 , unless there are dramatic changes

  15. The University of Aberdeen is a charity registered in Scotland, No SC013683 The Sir Duncan Rice Library

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levi, Ran

    Rice Library - Flexible Learning Area Laurence Bebbington, June 2013 QG GEN022 [https://www.abdn.ac.uk/library 732) is on Floor 7 of The Sir Duncan Rice Library. It is located on the right after you exit the lifts. This area has: a selection of differing types of tables and chairs two moveable plasma display screens

  16. Different Time and Energy Budgets of Lesser Snow Geese in Rice-Prairies and Coastal Marshes in Southwest Louisiana

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Afton, Alan D.

    are consistent with recent trends in Snow Goose numbers, which increased in rice-prairies but remained stable451 Different Time and Energy Budgets of Lesser Snow Geese in Rice-Prairies and Coastal Marshes in Southwest Louisiana JÓN EINAR JÓNSSON 1,2 AND ALAN D. AFTON 3 1 School of Renewable Natural Resources

  17. Avalanche dynamics, surface roughening, and self-organized criticality: Experiments on a three-dimensional pile of rice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wijngaarden, Rinke J.

    -dimensional pile of rice C. M. Aegerter, R. Gu¨nther, and R. J. Wijngaarden Division of Physics and Astronomy-organized criticality. The avalanches that occur on the surface of a pile of rice are found to exhibit finite size toy systems studied were sand piles; however, it has been shown that due to the appearance of, e

  18. 13th Winter Workshop on Nuclear Dynamics W.J. Llope Marathon Key, Florida, February 18, 1997 Rice University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Llope, William J.

    test . Completed Spring, 1999 Nuclear matter under extreme conditions... Search for, and studies of, February 1­8, 1997 Rice University TPC . 24+2 outer, and 24+2 inner, sectors built & tested . gas vessel13th Winter Workshop on Nuclear Dynamics W.J. Llope Marathon Key, Florida, February 1­8, 1997 Rice

  19. Sprinkler Irrigation as an Energy and Water Saving Approach to Rice Production and Management of Riceland Pests

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCauley, Gerry N.; Hossner, Lloyd R.; Nesmith, Douglas M.

    Rice is currently produced on approximately 400,000 acres in the Texas Coastal Prairie. This rice consumes 1.8 million acre-feet of water a year or 13 percent of Texas' renewable water resources. The Texas Coastal Prairie is a delicate ecosystem...

  20. Regional Uptake and Release of Crop Carbon in the United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    West, Tristram O.; Bandaru, Varaprasad; Brandt, Craig C.; Schuh, A.E.; Ogle, S.M.

    2011-08-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Carbon fixed by agricultural crops in the US creates regional CO2 sinks where it is harvested and regional CO2 sources where it is released back to the atmosphere. The quantity and location of these fluxes differ depending on the annual supply and demand of crop commodities. Data on the harvest of crop biomass, storage, import and export, and on the use of biomass for food, feed, fiber, and fuel were compiled to estimate an annual crop carbon budget for 2000 to 2008. Net sources of CO2 associated with the consumption of crop commodities occurred in the Eastern Uplands, Southern Seaboard, and Fruitful Rim regions. Net sinks associated with the production of crop commodities occurred in the Heartland, Northern Crescent, Northern Great Plains, and Mississippi Portal regions. The national crop carbon budget was balanced to within 0.7 to 6.6% yr-1 during the period of this analysis.

  1. Methods for generating or increasing revenues from crops

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Copenhaver, Gregory P.; Keith, Kevin; Preuss, Daphne

    2007-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention provides methods of doing business and providing services. For example, methods of increasing the revenue of crops are provided. To this end, the method includes the use of a nucleic acid sequences of plant centromeres. This will permit construction of stably inherited recombinant DNA constructs and mini chromosomes which can serve as vectors for the construction of transgenic plant and animal cells.

  2. Biomass fuel from woody crops for electric power generation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Perlack, R.D.; Wright, L.L.; Huston, M.A.; Schramm, W.E.

    1995-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

    This report discusses the biologic, environmental, economic, and operational issues associated with growing wood crops in managed plantations. Information on plantation productivity, environmental issues and impacts, and costs is drawn from DOE`s Biofuels Feedstock Development as well as commercial operations in the US and elsewhere. The particular experiences of three countries--Brazil, the Philippines, and Hawaii (US)--are discussed in considerable detail.

  3. The Effect of Sulphur on Yield of Certain Crops.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reynolds, E. B. (Elbert Brunner)

    1930-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    TFXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION A. B. CONNER, DIRECTOR College Station, Brazos County, Texas BUL - LETIN NO. 408 FEBRUARY, 1930 DIVISION OF AGRONOMY THE EFFECT OF SULPHUR ON YIELD OF CERTAIN CROPS -- AGRICULTURAL AND MECHANICAL.... H. ROGERS, Feed Inspector W. H. WOOD, Feed Inspector I<. I,. KIRKLAND. B. S., Fred Inspector . W. D. NORTHCUTT, JR., B. S., Feed Inspector SIDNEY D. REYNOLDS, JR., Feed Inspector P. A. MOORE, Feed Inspector SUBSTATIONS No. 1, Beeville, Bee...

  4. Fully defined saltwater medium for cultivation of and toxicity testing with marine copepod Acartia tonsa

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kusk, K.O.; Wollenberger, L.

    1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The marine copepod Acartia tonsa and the food organism Rhodomonas salina were cultured in fully defined medium for 8 months without problems. Both organisms were also cultured in natural seawater and in a commercial salt mixture for at least two generations before the sensitivities of A. tonsa to bisphenol A, potassium dichromate, and 3,5-dichlorophenol in the three different media were compared and found to be at the same level. The defined medium may be used for cultivation and testing, thus avoiding unknown background contaminants.

  5. Plant Succession at the Edges of Two Abandoned Cultivated Fields on the Arid Lands Ecology Reserve

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Simmons, Sally A. (OFFICE OF FELLOWSHIP PROG); Rickard, William H. (OFFICE OF FELLOWSHIP PROG)

    2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    How vegetation recovers from disturbances is an important question for land managers. We examined 500 m2 plots to determine the progress made by native herbaceous plant species in colonizing the edges of abandoned cultivated fields at different elevations and microclimates, but with similar soils in a big sagebrush/bluebunch wheatgrass steppe. Alien species, especially cheatgrass and cereal rye, were the major competitors to the natives. The native species with best potential for restoring steppe habitats were sulphur lupine, hawksbeard, bottlebrush squirreltail, needle-and-thread grass, Sandberg's bluegrass, and several lomatiums.

  6. Accurate, objective, reliable, and timely predictions of crop yield over large areas are critical to helping ensure the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liang, Shunlin

    /export plans and prices. Development of objective mathematical models of crop yield prediction using remote

  7. Current biofuel feedstock crops such as corn lead to large environmental losses of N through nitrate leaching and N2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DeLucia, Evan H.

    219 Current biofuel feedstock crops such as corn lead to large environmental losses of N through biofuel crops established on a rich Mollisol soil. Reduced Nitrogen Losses after Conversion of Row Crop Agriculture to Perennial Biofuel Crops Candice M. Smith, Mark B. david,* Corey A. Mitchell, Michael d. Masters

  8. Department of Soil and Crop Sciences Honors Program The Department of Soil and Crop Sciences (SCSC) Honors Program is designed for highly-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Behmer, Spencer T.

    Department of Soil and Crop Sciences Honors Program The Department of Soil and Crop Sciences (SCSC programs, Plant and Environmental Soil Science (PSSC), or Turfgrass Science (TGSC), to enhance learning the distinction of Plant and Environmental Soil Science Honors, or Turfgrass Science Honors. Admission

  9. Quantifying the effect of buffer zones, crop areas and spatial aggregation on the externalities of genetically modified crops at landscape level

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of GM crops are being addressed in the coexistence debate (e.g. Bock et al., 2002; Boelt, 2003 of genetically modified (GM) crops has led the European Union (EU) to put forward the concept of `coexistence). Coexistence is entirely an economic problem and therefore it does not refer to the environmental impact of GM

  10. The Effect of Planting Strategies, Imazethapyr Rates, and Application Timings on CLEARFIELD® Hybrid Rice Injury

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turner, Aaron Lyles

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    ) and is sold commercially as NewPathTM (BASF 2010). This chemical was effective up to 95% in controlling red rice in commercial rice when used according to the CLEARFIELD? system (Steele et al. 2002). ! Imazethapyr controls some annual broadleaf weeds... of imazethapyr (0.07-0.105 kg ha-1 for both first and second applications (BASF 2010)). Significant differences were recorded in one treatment that received less than a recommended rate. This difference is likely due to increased weed pressure in the plot...

  11. Biophysical regulations of carbon fluxes of a steppe and a cultivated cropland in semiarid Inner Mongolia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Jiquan

    Mongolia W.L. Zhang a,b , S.P. Chen a , J. Chen a,c , L. Wei a,b , X.G. Han a , G.H. Lin a,* a Key amount of grasslands in Inner Mongolia of Northern China has been converted to cropland. The conversions land-use settings ­ a typical steppe and a crop field in Inner Mongolia ­ were measured in the growing

  12. A soil moisture availability model for crop stress prediction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gay, Roger Franklin

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    wet so11 profile [Ritch1e et al. , 1972] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Relationships between the ratio of actual evaporation (Ea) to pan evaporat1on (E an) as a function of the available soil water in Rule and Bragg soybean [Burch et al. , 1978...] F1gure Interact1ons between soil-moisture status and other components of a general crop yield model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 Figure Root densit1es for ra1nfed Ruse and Bragg soybean, 98 days after planting [Burch et al. , 1978...

  13. Forage Crops: Alfalfa, Peanuts, Velvet Beans, Millet, Rape

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pittuck, B. C.

    1903-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    is dry the seed should be covered not less than one inch. Utah and Kansas furnish the bulk of our commercial crop of alfalfa seed. Well-matured seed will retain their germinating power without showing any perceptible degree of deterioration for a... of alfalfa contained 635,- 400 plants per acre (15 to the square foot) and another ten years old contaied 326,793 (12 to the square foot) plants per acre, and still another which con- tained 139,392 (3 to the square foot) plants per acre. These fields...

  14. Production Practices for Irrigated Crops on the High Plains.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bonnen, C. A.; McArthur, W. C.; Magee, A. C.; Hughes, W.F.

    1953-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    was snapped and the re- mainder was machine-stripped. th lint yields averaging nearly a bale per acre (Table and 24.0 hours, respectively, of off-farm labor were cotton snapping on sandy and on heavy soils. From hour of labor was used to cover... approximately half rl acreage with a stripper. hough machine operations on dry-land and on irrigated CULLIJI~ are similar for seedbed preparation, planting and culti- vating, nearly twice as much labor was needed for production of the irrigated crop...

  15. Biomass Crop Assistance Program (BCAP) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: EnergyAvignon,Belcher HomesLyons BiomassBiofuels) JumpCombustionCrop

  16. Weekly Weather and Crop Bulletin | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty Edit withTianlin BaxinUmweltVillageGraph HomeWaranaWaterEnergyWeekly Weather and Crop

  17. D1 Fuel Crops Ltd | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia:PowerCER.pngRoofs andCrops Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name: D1

  18. Crop insurance as a form of disaster relief: an analysis of the alternatives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crenwelge, Cheryl

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    coverage. e Provide an approval method for farmers who wish to produce crops that would not typically be covered in a specific areas. ~ Allow farmers to prove actual yields for the Disaster Protection portion of the plan as well as for additional crop... RELIEF. AN ANALYSIS OP THE ALTERNATIVES Cheryl Crenwelge INTRODUCTION The federal crop insurance program faces warranted scrutiny in the formulation of the 1990 Farm Bill. After major reform in 1980, the program was intended to provide the primary...

  19. MBA Capstone Course Put Rice MBA Students to Work on Your

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alvarez, Pedro J.

    Semester From January to early May, student teams work through a series of assignments focused on your neighborhoods go to and through college. In our schools, teachers, families, and students sign a learning pledgeMBA Capstone Course Put Rice MBA Students to Work on Your Toughest Management Challenges

  20. Impacts of a nuclear war in South Asia on rice production in Mainland China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robock, Alan

    on agriculture is to avoid nuclear war, and this can only be guaranteed with a nuclear-weapon-free world. 1 climate changes due a small regional nuclear war could significantly influence agricultural productivityImpacts of a nuclear war in South Asia on rice production in Mainland China Lili Xia & Alan Robock

  1. Impacts of a nuclear war in South Asia on rice production in Mainland China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robock, Alan

    agricultural simulation model to simulate regional nuclear war impacts on rice yield in 24 provinces in China to avoid nuclear war impacts on agriculture is to avoid nuclear war, and this can only be guaranteed regional nuclear war could significantly influence agricultural productivity in regions far from

  2. Impacts of a Nuclear War in South Asia on Rice Production in Mainland China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robock, Alan

    for Agrotechnology Transfer agricultural simulation model to simulate regional nuclear war impacts on rice yield limitations. The best solution to avoid nuclear war impacts on agriculture is to avoid nuclear war, those climate changes due a small regional nuclear war could significantly influence agricultural

  3. Computing for the Future of the Planet By Andy Hopper and Andrew Rice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    Computing for the Future of the Planet By Andy Hopper and Andrew Rice University of Cambridge for computing in the context of problems facing the planet. The framework has a number of goals: an optimal digital infrastructure, sensing and optimising with a global world model, reliably predicting and reacting

  4. Intramolecular Dephosphorylation of ERK by MKP3 Youngjoo Kim, Adrian E. Rice, and John M. Denu*,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denu, John

    Intramolecular Dephosphorylation of ERK by MKP3 Youngjoo Kim, Adrian E. Rice, and John M. Denu dephosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK). Like other MKPs, MKP3 consists of a noncatalytic N-terminal domain and a catalytic C-terminal domain. ERK binding to the N-terminal noncatalytic domain of MKP3 has

  5. THE ELASTIC-PLASTIC MECHANICS OF CRACK EXTENSION James R. Rice*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    THE ELASTIC-PLASTIC MECHANICS OF CRACK EXTENSION James R. Rice* ABSTRACT This paper briefly reviews progres~in the elastic plastic analysisof crack extension. Analytical results for plane strain and plane stress deformation fields are noted, and elastic-plastic fracture instability as well as transitional

  6. Elastic-Plastic Models for Stable Crack Growtht *James R. Rice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elastic-Plastic Models for Stable Crack Growtht by *James R. Rice Mareh 1973 'PCAbh ~ ~ e c.\\. (n do not fully recover their strain upon unloading. The idealized non-linear elastic (left) and rigid-plastic,. there is ~ strain concentration created at the cut-ahead tip in the rigid-plastic material and the deformation field

  7. Vegetation changes on an abandoned rice field following herbicide and fertilizer treatments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cwik, Michael Joseph

    1973-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ass (pa icum ~v(r turn L. ), a d rownseed nasn I (~nas alum plicat I ~ Michx. ). In co treat, vegetation of abend ed rice land is composed principally of annual forbs intermixed with three-awns (Aristida spp. ). Forbs, as used in this paper, wili...

  8. Multifractals and Wavelets: A potential tool in Geophysics Rudolf H. Riedi, Rice University, Houston, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Riedi, Rudolf H.

    Multifractals and Wavelets: A potential tool in Geophysics Rudolf H. Riedi, Rice University of pos- sible applications in geophysics. It is elaborated how a description of the well log measurement to the mentioned elds. This paper is written in the hope of achieving the same in the area of geophysics. The idea

  9. Speciation and distribution of arsenic and localization of nutrients in rice grains

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lombi, E.; Scheckel, K.G.; Pallon, J.; Carey, A.M.; Zhu, Y.G.; Meharg, A.A. (EPA); (UCopenhagen); (Aberdeen); (Lund); (Chinese Aca. Sci.)

    2012-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Arsenic (As) contamination of rice grains and the generally low concentration of micronutrients in rice have been recognized as a major concern for human health. Here, we investigated the speciation and localization of As and the distribution of (micro)nutrients in rice grains because these are key factors controlling bioavailability of nutrients and contaminants. Bulk total and speciation analyses using high-pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC)-inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) and X-ray absorption near-edge spectroscopy (XANES) was complemented by spatially resolved microspectroscopic techniques ({mu}-XANES, {mu}-X-ray fluorescence ({mu}-XRF) and particle induced X-ray emission (PIXE)) to investigate both speciation and distribution of As and localization of nutrients in situ. The distribution of As and micronutrients varied between the various parts of the grains (husk, bran and endosperm) and was characterized by element-specific distribution patterns. The speciation of As in bran and endosperm was dominated by As(III)-thiol complexes. The results indicate that the translocation from the maternal to filial tissues may be a bottleneck for As accumulation in the grain. Strong similarities between the distribution of iron (Fe), manganese (Mn) and phosphorus (P) and between zinc (Zn) and sulphur (S) may be indicative of complexation mechanisms in rice grains.

  10. RICE UNIVERSITY Early Time Ion Dynamics and Progress Towards Laser Cooling in an

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Killian, Thomas C.

    RICE UNIVERSITY Early Time Ion Dynamics and Progress Towards Laser Cooling in an Ultracold Neutral Dynamics and Progress Towards Laser Cooling in an Ultracold Neutral Plasma by Clayton Earl Simien The progress toward laser cooling an ultracold plasma is presented in this thesis. Ultracold neutral plasmas

  11. Degrees Offered: MS Rice University introduced the professional master's degree in environmental

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richards-Kortum, Rebecca

    in the Environment(F) CEVE536Environmental Biotechnology and Bioremediation(S) CEVE 550 Environmental Organic1 Degrees Offered: MS Rice University introduced the professional master's degree in environmental.Asaninterdisciplinaryprogram, it aims to give students the ability to predict environmental problems, not just solve them. It emphasizes

  12. LARGE-SCALE BIOLOGY ARTICLE Massive Analysis of Rice Small RNAs: Mechanistic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Green, Pamela

    Department of Plant and Soil Sciences and Delaware Biotechnology Institute, University of Delaware, Newark, and other processes. They exert their influence by guiding mRNA cleavage, translational repression regulated by environmental stress, 62 small RNA libraries were constructed from rice plants and used

  13. Using moisture transport properties of rice seed components for identifying fissure resistance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Audrey Elizabeth

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , LaGrue, Lemont, and Cypress. Equilibrium moisture content (EMC) tests exposed 200 grams of brown rice to identify how the four varieties compare in their ability to hold moisture at a specific condition. Cypress, Lemont, and LaGrue tended to hold...

  14. A Global Personal Energy Meter Simon Hay,Andrew Rice and Andy Hopper

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    im- proved estimates by factoring in airline data. The energy consumption trace for an applianceCar: 40 kwH/d A Global Personal Energy Meter Simon Hay,Andrew Rice and Andy Hopper http of the Planet. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A, 366(1881):3685--3697, October 2008. David JC MacKay. Sustainable Energy

  15. Hydraulic Properties of Rice and the Response of Gas Exchange to Water Stress1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stiller, Volker

    Hydraulic Properties of Rice and the Response of Gas Exchange to Water Stress1 Volker Stiller*, H.R.L.) We investigated the role of xylem cavitation, plant hydraulic conductance, and root pressure-specific photosynthetic rate, leaf diffusive conductance, and soil-leaf hydraulic conductance that were associated

  16. Antimony uptake, translocation and speciation in rice plants exposed to antimonite and antimonate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Lena

    T S · We examined the impact of iron plaque on different species of Sb uptake by rice. · Iron plaque to shoots. a b s t r a c ta r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Received 15 October 2013 Received a priority environmental pollutant by the United States Environmental Protection Agency and the European

  17. Root Morphological and Physiological Bases to Understand Genotypic Control of Mineral Acquisition in Rice Grains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chittoori, Ratnaprabha 1982-

    2012-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

    ............................................................ 18 Results and Discussion ........................................................... 23 Conclusions ............................................................................ 36 CHAPTER III DOES THE HIGH MO PHENOTYPE OF SEVERAL MALAYSIAN RICE.... .......................................................... 158 xiii 43. Scree plot - Principal Component Analysis. .............................................. 159 44. Root-As concentrations of control and NAA-treated plants of different genotypes...

  18. An Analysis of Hard Drive Energy Consumption Anthony Hylick, Ripduman Sohan, Andrew Rice, and Brian Jones

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    An Analysis of Hard Drive Energy Consumption Anthony Hylick, Ripduman Sohan, Andrew Rice, and Brian consumed by the electronics of a drive is just as important as the mechanical energy consumption; (ii consumption was a concern pri- marily for mobile computing domains. The rising cost of energy and increased

  19. An analysis of the teaching methods and sources of information used in adopting improved practices in rice production in Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kibria, A. K. M. Anwarul

    1967-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Size of Farms on the Use of Teaching Methods for Adoption of Rice Production Practices 22 25 27 30 34 38 42 TABLE OF CON TEN TS (continued) Chapter Page Influence of Parents' Vocation on the Use of Teaching Methods for Adoption of Rice... with Different Tenure Levels Expressed in Percentage 41 10 Chi-Square Test for Tenure Levels-Teaching Methods Independence 42 Average Use of Major Categories of Teaching Methods for Rice Production by Farmers with Different Size of Farms Expressed...

  20. Long-term tillage, cropping sequence, and nitrogen fertilization effects on soil carbon and nitrogen dynamics 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dou, Fugen

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Management practices that may increase soil organic matter (SOM) storage include conservation tillage, especially no till (NT), enhanced cropping intensity, and fertilization. My objectives were to evaluate management ...

  1. Switchgrass is a promising, high-yielding crop for California biofuel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    both as forage and as a biofuel crop, switchgrass may bepanic grass grown as a biofuel in southern England. Bioresfor switchgrass for biofuel systems. Biomass Bioenergy 30:

  2. Biomass crops can be used for biological disinfestation and remediation of soils and water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stapleton, James J; Banuelos, Gary

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    liquid biofuels from biomass: The writings on the walls. Newreduced feed intake. Biomass crop sustainability flexibilityMC, et al. 2009. Cali- fornia biomass resources, potentials,

  3. The impact of mineral fertilizers on the carbon footprint of crop production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brentrup, Frank

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the GHG emissions (“carbon footprint”) of crop production inMaterials and methods – “carbon footprint” calculation basedLCA) principles A carbon footprint is “the total set of

  4. Modeling Poplar Growth as a Short Rotation Woody Crop for Biofuels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hart, Quinn James

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    a Short Rotation Woody Crop for Biofuels Q. J. Hart 1,? , O.for cellulosic derived biofuels. The ability to accuratelycrops for bioenergy and biofuels applications. In vitro

  5. Onset of deep drainage and salt mobilization following forest clearing and cultivation in the Chaco plains (Argentina)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nacional de San Luis, Universidad

    plains (Argentina) M. L. Amdan,1 R. Aragon,2,3 E. G. Jobbagy,3 J. N. Volante,4 and J. M. Paruelo1-fed agriculture and pasture, with different age of clearance (>30 years, 20 and 3 years) in Salta, Argentina, we drainage and salt mobilization following forest clearing and cultivation in the Chaco plains (Argentina

  6. Cranberry Bogs: The effect of cultivation and restoration on habitat distribution, benthic invertebrate communities, and food webs in stream ecosystems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vallino, Joseph J.

    the variation in these dynamics between cultivated, restored and natural streams, I classified habitat along/detritus formed the base of the food web. This indicates that when restoring streams, attention should be paid, agriculture, habitat distribution, benthic invertebrates, food web, stream restoration Introduction Land use

  7. Metabolomic and transcriptomic analysis of the rice response to the bacterial blight pathogen Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    system in Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae required for AvrXa212002). The Xanthomonas oryzae pv. lozengeoryzae raxP andPf1 against Xanthomo- nas oryzae pv. oryzae in rice leaves.

  8. Metabolomic and transcriptomic analysis of the rice response to the bacterial blight pathogen Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    system in Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae required for AvrXa212002). The Xanthomonas oryzae pv. lozengeoryzae raxP andPf1 against Xanthomo- nas oryzae pv. oryzae in rice leaves.

  9. University Farmers Market Rules The Rice University Farmers Market (RUFM) supports activities, goods, and services that promote community

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Rice University Farmers Market (RUFM) supports activities, goods, and services but it is the law (see Deceptive Trade Practices). Farm items produced by other local growers, or conventional) for each product. Agricultural & Nursery ­ fruits, vegetables, herbs

  10. Using Legumes to Enhance Sustainability of Sorghum Cropping Systems in the East Texas Pineywoods Ecoregion: Impacts on Soil Nitrogen, Soil Carbon, and Crop Yields

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neely, Clark B

    2013-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

    practices are needed to prevent further SOM depletion. Incorporating legumes into cropping systems is one alternative that can bolster soil organic C (SOC) (key indicator of SOM) and reduce N fertilizer applications through symbiotic legume N fixation...

  11. The effect of conditioning rice during the laboratory milling process on the quality of the milled sample

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Childers, Roy Eugene

    1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    THE EFFECT OF CONDITIONING RICE DURING THE LABORATORY MILLING PROCESS ON THE QUALITY OF THE MILLED SAMPLE A Thesis by ROY EUGENE CHILDERS, JR. Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A8M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1972 Major Subject: Agricultural Engineering THE EFFECT OF CONDITIONING RICE DURING THE LABORATORY MILLING PROCESS ON THE I1UALITY OF THE MILLED SAMPLE A Thesis by ROY EUGENE CHILDERS, JR...

  12. A System Dynamics Study of Carbon Cycling and Electricity Generation from Energy Crops

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ford, Andrew

    Pullman, WA 99164-4430 USA Abstract The Climate Stewardship Act, a global warming mitigation policy1 A System Dynamics Study of Carbon Cycling and Electricity Generation from Energy Crops Hilary of these rotations. Our results show that using energy crops to displace coal in electricity generation will have

  13. Introduction The bioenergy industry is pursuing low-input crops to be

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liskiewicz, Maciej

    - leading threat to biodiversity. Most of our worst invasive plant species were intentionally introduced across the Southeast to support the growing bioeconomy. Successful development of renewable power biomass crops. These cellulosic crops share many traits with invasive plants (e.g., drought tolerant, fast

  14. Long-term persistence of crop alleles in weedy populations of wild radish (Raphanus raphanistrum)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snow, Allison A.

    -seeding, hybrid populations of Raphanus raphani- strum · Raphanus sativus (radish) in Michigan, USA, over a decadeLong-term persistence of crop alleles in weedy populations of wild radish (Raphanus raphanistrum) A (Raphanus raphanistrum). Summary · Hybridization allows transgenes and other crop alleles to spread to wild

  15. LCA Applied to Perennial Cropping Systems: a Review Focused on the Farm Stage C. Bessou 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    winter as underground storage or perennating organs, or woody perennials whose tissues persist above for the perennial cropping systems, and methods and data for field emissions helped reveal the more critical issues of crop managements and field emissions over several years. · Conclusions: According to the reviewed

  16. LCA Applied to Perennial Cropping Systems: a Review Focused on the Farm Stage C. Bessou 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    are either herbaceous which survive winter as underground storage or perennating organs, or woody perennials, modelling approach for the perennial cropping systems, and methods and data for field emissions helped with a comprehensive inventory of crop managements and field emissions over several years. · Conclusions: According

  17. The physical status of Miller clay after nine years of crop rotations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hipp, Billy Wayne

    1963-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    by crops and management was made by Uhland (24). A report from his work shows 1) plants with deep and well devel- oped root systems such as alfalfa and kudzu may be expected to increase porosity and permeability and to improve soil structure, 2) crop...

  18. agronomie: agriculture and environment Nitrogen uptake capacities of maize and sorghum crops

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    agronomie: agriculture and environment Nitrogen uptake capacities of maize and sorghum crops to a larger quantity of intercepted radiation. The efficiency of transforming intercepted energy into aerial nitrogen input should enable this species to grow in extensive cropping conditions. Moreover, the higher N

  19. Implications of Three Biofuel Crops for Beneficial Arthropods in Agricultural Landscapes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Landis, Doug

    Implications of Three Biofuel Crops for Beneficial Arthropods in Agricultural Landscapes Mary A Science+Business Media, LLC. 2010 Abstract Production of biofuel feedstocks in agricultural landscapes and generalist natural enemies in three model biofuel crops: corn, switch- grass, and mixed prairie, we tested

  20. REVIEW PAPER Strategies for reducing the carbon footprint of field crops

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    REVIEW PAPER Strategies for reducing the carbon footprint of field crops for semiarid areas emission. To provide the potential solution, we estimated the carbon footprint [i.e., the total amount the effect of crop sequences on the carbon footprint of durum wheat. Key strategies for reducing the carbon

  1. PhD Graduate Research Assistantship: Horticultural Science/Crop Quality Position Summary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Gary S.

    , plastic mulches need to be disposed of at the end of the growing season. Biodegradable plastic mulches biodegradable plastic mulches degrade in soil and what their effect is on crop yield and quality. Field experiments will be conducted to investigate the effects of biodegradable plastic mulches on crop yield

  2. SUBSURFACE DRIP IRRIGATION SYSTEMS FOR SPECIALTY CROP PRODUCTION IN NORTH DAKOTA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steele, Dean D.

    SUBSURFACE DRIP IRRIGATION SYSTEMS FOR SPECIALTY CROP PRODUCTION IN NORTH DAKOTA D.D.Steele, R.G.Greenland, B. L. Gregor ABSTRACT. Subsurface drip irrigation (SDI) systems offer advantages over other types of irrigation systems for specialty crop production, including water savings, improved trafficability

  3. On the regulation of spatial externalities: coexistence between GM and conventional crops

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    by GM crops. An externality occurs when a decision by one actor directly affects another actor's utility-mediated gene flow is one of the main concerns associated with the introduc- tion of genetically modified (GM) crops. Should a premium for non-GM varieties emerge on the market, `contamination' by GM pollen would

  4. Global Environmental Change 12 (2002) 197202 Increased crop damage in the US from excess precipitation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Global Environmental Change 12 (2002) 197­202 Increased crop damage in the US from excess Laboratory, 1 Cyclotron Road, MS 90-4000, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA d Environmental Defense, 18 Tremont Street and worldwide have caused great damage to crop production. If the frequency of these weather extremes were

  5. Cost Methodology for Biomass Feedstocks: Herbaceous Crops and Agricultural Residues

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Turhollow Jr, Anthony F [ORNL; Webb, Erin [ORNL; Sokhansanj, Shahabaddine [ORNL

    2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes a set of procedures and assumptions used to estimate production and logistics costs of bioenergy feedstocks from herbaceous crops and agricultural residues. The engineering-economic analysis discussed here is based on methodologies developed by the American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers (ASABE) and the American Agricultural Economics Association (AAEA). An engineering-economic analysis approach was chosen due to lack of historical cost data for bioenergy feedstocks. Instead, costs are calculated using assumptions for equipment performance, input prices, and yield data derived from equipment manufacturers, research literature, and/or standards. Cost estimates account for fixed and variable costs. Several examples of this costing methodology used to estimate feedstock logistics costs are included at the end of this report.

  6. Biodiesel is produced from a wide variety of oilseed crops. In Europe, canola is the major biodiesel crop while in the U.S. soybeans dominates. Montana State University and USDA researchers have

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    Technology Biodiesel is produced from a wide variety of oilseed crops. In Europe, canola is the major biodiesel crop while in the U.S. soybeans dominates. Montana State University and USDA researchers to work for a broad range of oilseed plants including biodiesel and cereal crops. Increased oil

  7. Rice Snl6, a cinnamoyl-CoA reductase-like gene family member, is required for NH1-mediated immunity to Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bart, Rebecca S; Chern, Mawsheng; Vega-Sánchez, Miguel E; Canlas, Patrick; Ronald, Pamela C

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Immunity to Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae Rebecca S. Bartpathogen, Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae (Xoo), constitutiveagainst Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae in Rice. Molecular

  8. Impact of Climate Change on Irrigation Water Availability, Crop Water Requirements and Soil Salinity in the SJV, CA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hopmans, Jan W; Maurer, Edwin P

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    many crops suffer heat stress beyond an optimal temperaturecrop growth due to heat stress and therefore a pronounced

  9. Impact of Climate Change on Irrigation Water Availability, Crop Water Requirements and Soil Salinity in the SJV, CA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hopmans, Jan W; Maurer, Edwin P

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    on Irrigation Water Availability, Crop Water Requirementsreduced surface water availability can be managed byrequirement and water availability (surface water and

  10. Effects of cropping-system-related soil moisture and nutrient dynamics on the sustainability of semiarid dryland agriculture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Norton, Jay B.

    Effects of cropping-system-related soil moisture and nutrient dynamics on the sustainability are to evaluate sustainability of conservation cropping systems in order to improve management approaches of semiarid dryland agriculture Project Summary We propose to investigate cropping-system-related soil

  11. Greenhouse Gas Mitigation Through Energy Crops in the U.S. With Implications for Asian-Pacific Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCarl, Bruce A.

    into energy crop production will most likely carry this price through increased purchasing cost and all energy the production of energy crops and other agricultural mitigation strategies. This analysis estimates the economicGreenhouse Gas Mitigation Through Energy Crops in the U.S. With Implications for Asian

  12. Application of food and feed safety assessment principles to evaluate transgenic approaches to gene modulation in crops

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parrott, Wayne

    safety of genetically modified (GM) crops has been assessed by the application of a set of internationally accepted procedures for evaluating the safety of GM crops. The goal of this paper is to review for conducting a safety assessment for GM crops that are developed by technologies that modify endogenous plant

  13. The effects of gamma irradiation on the growth, development and nitrogen metabolism of rice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gunawardena, Irwin Elston

    1963-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . Thus Hagen and Gunckel (22) studied the changes in fx'ee amino acids and amides in the leaves of two Nicotiana species and their inter-specific hybrid when subjected to chronic gamma irradiation. Haskins (23) reported on some ninhydrin-positive...THE EFFEtyTS OF GAMNA IRRADIATION ON THE GROWTH, DEVELOPMENT AND NITROGEN METABOLISM OF RICE A Thesis by Irwin Elston Gunawardana Submitted to the Graduate School of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas ih partial fulfillment...

  14. The NanoJapan Program is jointly administered by Rice University and the University of Tulsa and is funded by a NSF Partnerships for International Research and Education grant (OISE-0968405).

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The NanoJapan Program is jointly administered by Rice University and the University of TulsaJapan Program is jointly administered by Rice University and the University of Tulsa and is funded by a NSF

  15. Feasibility and Treatment of Oil and Gas Produced Water as a Medium for Nannochloropsis Salina cultivation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sullivan, Enid J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Dean, Cynthia A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Yoshida, Thomas M. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Steichen, Seth A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Laur, Paul A. [Eldorado Biofuels; Visolay, Alfonz [VM Technologies

    2012-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Some conclusions of this paper are: (1) How much PW is available - (a) Lots, but probably not enough to support the largest estimates of algae production needed, (b) Diluent water is likely needed to support cultivation in some cases, (c) An assessment of how much PW is really available for use is needed; (2) Where is it available - (a) In many places near other resources (land, CO{sub 2}, sunlight, nutrients) and infrastructure (pipelines, refineries, disposal operations/wells); (3) Is the water chemistry acceptable for use - (a) Yes, in many cases with minimal treatment, (b) Additional constituents of value exist in PW for media; (4) Does it need treatment prior to use - (a) Yes, it may often need treatment for organics, some metals, and biological contaminants, (b) Source control and monitoring can reduce need for treatment; (5) How much does it cost to treat it - (a) If desalination is not needed, from <$0.01-$0.60 per m3 is a starting estimate; and (6) Can you grow algae in it - (a) Yes, but we need more experimentation to optimize field conditions, media mixing, and algae types.

  16. The role of short-rotation woody crops in sustainable development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shepard, J.P. [National Council of the Paper Industry for Air and Stream Improvement, Medford, MA (United States); Tolbert, V.R. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    One answer to increase wood production is by increasing management intensity on existing timberland, especially in plantation forests. Another is to convert land currently in agriculture to timberland. Short-rotation woody crops can be used in both cases. But, what are the environmental consequences? Short-rotation woody crops can provide a net improvement in environmental quality at both local and global scales. Conversion of agricultural land to short-rotation woody crops can provide the most environmental quality enhancement by reducing erosion, improving soil quality, decreasing runoff, improving groundwater quality, and providing better wildlife habitat. Forest products companies can use increased production from intensively managed short-rotation woody crop systems to offset decreased yield from the portion of their timberland that is managed less intensively, e.g. streamside management zones and other ecologically sensitive or unique areas. At the global scale, use of short-rotation woody crops for bioenergy is part of the solution to reduce greenhouse gases produced by burning fossil fuels. Incorporating short-rotation woody crops into the agricultural landscape also increases storage of carbon in the soil, thus reducing atmospheric concentrations. In addition, use of wood instead of alternatives such as steel, concrete, and plastics generally consumes less energy and produces less greenhouse gases. Cooperative research can be used to achieve energy, fiber, and environmental goals. This paper will highlight several examples of ongoing cooperative research projects that seek to enhance the environmental aspects of short-rotation woody crop systems. Government, industry, and academia are conducting research to study soil quality, use of mill residuals, nutrients in runoff and groundwater, and wildlife use of short-rotation woody crop systems in order to assure the role of short-rotation crops as a sustainable way of meeting society`s needs.

  17. Protocol for Cultivation of Hybridoma Cells 1. Thaw frozen at -70C or lower temperature suspension cells. Place a vial immediately to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the pellet in 10 ml of fresh DMEM/F12 medium supplemented with 10- 15% FBS. 3. Plate the cell suspension nitrogen for time indefinite. 7. To grow hybridoma cells for antibody production cultivate cells until

  18. The trees, shrubs, vines and ground covers of Austin, Texas: a study of the cultivated plant materials in a central Texas landscape 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cole, Deborah Elaine

    1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    THE TREES, SHRUBS, VINES AND GROUND COVERS OF AUSTIN, TEXAS: A STUDY OF THE CULTIVATED PLANT NATERIALS IN A CENTRAL TEXAS LANDSCAPE A Thesis by DEBORAH ELAINE COLE Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ABN University in partial... fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December, 1976 Najor Subject: Hor ticulture THE TREES, SHRUBS, VINES AND GROUND COVERS OF AUSTIN, TEXAS: A STUDY OF THE CULTIVATED PLANT MATERIALS IN A CENTRAL TEXAS LANDSCAPE A Thesis...

  19. Power Lines and Crops Can Be Good Neighbors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Two of the Pacific Northwest’s greatest economic assets are its wealth of agriculture and its clean and reliable electricity fueled largely by hydropower. Sometimes the two intersect. Transmission lines carrying electricity to the region’s farms, businesses and homes must, of necessity, span large areas where people grow crops and orchards. To ensure a safe and reliable flow of electricity across these expanses, trees and other vegetation must be managed to certain standards. At the same time, the Bonneville Power Administration — which owns and operates three-quarters of the region’s high-voltage transmission — recognizes the importance of our region’s agricultural bounty. We are committed to working with individuals and agricultural communities to facilitate ongoing land-use activities in transmission rights-of-way as long as those uses are compatible with transmission safety and reliability standards. Our goal with vegetation management is to keep you and your property safe while protecting the reliability of our region’s electricity system. By working together, BPA and landowners can protect the system and public safety.

  20. Construction of a minimal tiling path across the euchromatic arms of sorghum chromosome 3 and comparative analysis with the rice chromosome 1 pseudomolecule

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Bin

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    pools orthologous to a 5.1 Mb region of rice chromosome 1 were constructed and sequence skimmed. Alignment of the sorghum skim sequences to the TIGR rice gene models revealed ~62% colinearity between the two orthologous regions. In addition, colinearity...

  1. Sallyport -The Magazine of Rice University -Spring 2002 Features | Through the Sallyport | On the Bookshelf | Who's Who | Students | Arts | Scoreboard | Yesteryear | Previous Issues

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    century will be nanotechnology, biotechnology, information technology, and environmental science. At Rice been an article of faith at Rice University. To an unusual extent, our leading engineers have always, nanoscale science, and environmental science as demonstrated in the diagram to the right. Four Defining

  2. Assessing risks of climate variability and climate change for Indonesian rice agriculture Rosamond L. Naylor, David S. Battisti, Daniel J. Vimont, Walter P. Falcon, and Marshall B.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vimont, Daniel J.

    Assessing risks of climate variability and climate change for Indonesian rice agriculture Burke of climate variability and climate change for Indonesian rice agriculture Rosamond L. Naylor* , David S and climate change could have a dramatic effect on agricultural production in Indo- nesia and other tropical

  3. Climate change effects on winter chill for fruit crops in Germany

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luedeling, Eike; Blanke, Michael; Gebauer, Jens

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    chill for fruit crops in Germany Abstract To quantify thechange on fruit production in Germany, this study aimed atof typical winter chill in Germany around 2010, as well as

  4. Effects of Oilseed Meals on the Germination, Growth, and Survival of Crop and Weed Species

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rothlisberger, Katie Lynn

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Oilseed crops are being widely evaluated for potential biodiesel production. Seed meal (SM) remaining after extracting oil may have use as a bioherbicide or organic fertilizer. Brassicaceae SM often contains glucosinolates that can hydrolyze...

  5. Agronomy Journal Volume 106, Issue 2 2014 545 Crop Ecology & Physiology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    , Jerry L. Hatfield, Mark W. Heuer, Daniel M. Howard, Monique Y. Leclerc, Henry W. Loescher, Oliver North America as the major agricultural crops (Gilmanov et al., 2013), and the present study expands

  6. Crop yield estimation model for Iowa using remote sensing and surface parameters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Ramesh P.

    and prediction using piecewise linear regression method with breakpoint. Crop production environment consists of inherent sources of heterogeneity and their non-linear behavior. A non-linear Quasi-Newton multi

  7. Long-term tillage, cropping sequence, and nitrogen fertilization effects on soil carbon and nitrogen dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dou, Fugen

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    observed in surface soils. NT significantly increased SOC. Nitrogen fertilization significantly increased SOC only under NT. Compared to NT or N addition, enhanced cropping intensity only slightly increased SOC. Estimates of C sequestration rates under NT...

  8. Physiological Effects of Saline Water on Two Economically Important Horticultural Crops in South Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simpson, Catherine Ross

    2013-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Citrus and watermelons are valuable economic crops worldwide, contributing approximately $120 million combined each year in Texas alone. Both citrus and watermelons are sensitive to saline conditions, which can be problematic in the Lower Rio...

  9. Field Guide to the Insects, Mites and Mollusks of Nursery, Floral and Greenhouse Crops

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gouge, Dawn H.; Smith, Kirk A.; Wilkerson, Don

    2000-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

    This field guide provides excellent photo identification keys for numerous pests and beneficials found in nursery, greenhouse and floral crops. The text includes a physical description, examples of damage and information on the life cycle of each...

  10. Novel enabling technologies of gene isolation and plant transformation for improved crop protection

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Torok, Tamas

    2013-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Meeting the needs of agricultural producers requires the continued development of improved transgenic crop protection products. The completed project focused on developing novel enabling technologies of gene discovery and plant transformation to facilitate the generation of such products.

  11. Miscanthus: A Review of European Experience with a Novel Energy Crop

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scurlock, J.M.O.

    1999-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Miscanthus is a tall perennial grass which has been evaluated in Europe over the past 5-10 years as a new bioenergy crop. The sustained European interest in miscanthus suggests that this novel energy crop deserves serious investigation as a possible candidate biofuel crop for the US alongside switchgrass. To date, no agronomic trials or trial results for miscanthus are known from the conterminous US, so its performance under US conditions is virtually unknown. Speculating from European data, under typical agricultural practices over large areas, an average of about 8t/ha (3t/acre dry weight) may be expected at harvest time. As with most of the new bioenergy crops, there seems to be a steep ''learning curve.'' Establishment costs appear to be fairly high at present (a wide range is reported from different European countries), although these may be expected to fall as improved management techniques are developed.

  12. Analysis of MODIS 250 m NDVI Using Different Time-Series Data for Crop Type Separability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Eunmok

    2014-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The primary objectives of this research were to: (1) investigate the use of different compositing periods of NDVI values of time-series MODIS 250 m data for distinguishing major crop types on the central Great Plains of ...

  13. Economic Implications of New Crops, Row Damming and Land Clearing in the Texas Winter Garden

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muncrief, G.E.; Lacewell, R. D.; Cornforth, G. C.; Pena, J. G.

    TR- 123 1983 Economic Implications of New Crops, Row Damming and Land Clearing in the Texas Winter Garden G.E. Muncrief R.D. Lacewell G.C. Cornforth J.G. Pena Texas Water Resources Institute...

  14. Response of Peanuts to Irrigation Management at Different Crop Growth Stages

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howell, T. A.; McFarland, M. J.; Reddell, D. L.; Brown, K. W.; Newton, R. J.; Dahmen, P.

    for peanuts at different crop growth stages for the Spanish and the Florunner varieties. The yield of the two varieties was evaluated under seven different irrigation treatments including a "no stress" check treatment and a dryland treatment. Each treatment...

  15. Multisensor Fusion of Ground-based and Airborne Remote Sensing Data for Crop Condition Assessment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Huihui

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    In this study, the performances of the optical sensors and instruments carried on both ground-based and airborne platforms were evaluated for monitoring crop growing status, detecting the vegetation response to aerial applied herbicides...

  16. An Economic Feasibility Study of Irrigated Crop Production in the Pecos Valley of Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Condra, G. D.; Lacewell, R. D.; Hardin, D. C.; Lindsey, K.; Whitson, R. E.

    to the Coyanosa and St. Lawrence regions under alternative future scenarios for inflation rates, energy prices, crop prices, and interest rates. The Coyanosa model was also applied under most likely scenario conditions to analyze the effects of alternative levels...

  17. Projecting net incomes for Texas crop producers: an application of probabilistic forecasting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eggerman, Christopher Ryan

    2006-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

    unexplained by OLS equations between Texas and U.S. variables. Deterministic and probabilistic NFI projections for Texas crops were compared under the January 2005 and January 2006 FAPRI Baseline projections. With production costs increasing considerably...

  18. Establishing Crop Acreage Flexibility Restraints for Subregions of the Texas High Plains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Condra, G. D.; Lacewell, R. D.

    Cropping pattern shifts in many aggregate linear programming (LP) models need to be constrained due to institutional, marketing machinery, and price uncertainty factors. The purpose of this study was to estimate constraints which are referred...

  19. South Carolina Pest Management Handbook for Field Crops -2013 TOBACCO HARVEST MANAGEMENT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stuart, Steven J.

    South Carolina Pest Management Handbook for Field Crops - 2013 265 TOBACCO HARVEST MANAGEMENT to PPE. Delay in harvesting could result in loss of yield and quality and may cause leaf drop. Treat only

  20. Crop water stress under climate change uncertainty : global policy and regional risk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gueneau, Arthur

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Fourty percent of all crops grown in the world today are grown using irrigation, and shifting precipitation patterns due to climate change are viewed as a major threat to food security. This thesis examines, in the framework ...

  1. Evaluation of Salmonella disinfection strategies for pre-slaughter broiler crop decontamination

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barnhart, Eric Thomas

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of the following studies was to evaluate selected potential decontamination methods for ability to reduce the incidence of Salmonella recovery from broiler crops during pre-slaughter feed withdrawal. The efficacy of prolonged lactose...

  2. A History of Small Grain Crops in Texas: Wheat, Oats, Barley, Rye 1582-1976.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atkins, Irvin Milburn

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    that the production in Texas increased from 41,729 in 1850 to 2,500,000 bushels in 1880. The Texas Almanac (1 10) records that Denton and Wilbarger Counties each produced 2 million bushels in * 1904. Farther south in Central Texas, settlement and crop...) records that Denton and Wilbarger Counties each produced 2 million bushels in * 1904. Farther south in Central Texas, settlement and crop production also were rapidly expanding (Tyler, 1 16). The Tennessee Colony settled at Nashville, below Waco...

  3. A climate-soil-crop model to evaluate drought incidence and severity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Puvirajasinghe, Patrick

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A CLINATE-SOIL-CROP MODEL TO EVALUATE DROUGHT INCIDENCE AND SEVERITY A Thesis by PATRICK PUVIRAJASINGHE Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE... August 1982 Major Subject: Agronomy A CLIMATE-SOIL-CROP MODEL TO EVALUATE DROUGHT INCIDENCE AND SEVERITY A Thesis by PATRICK PUVIRAJASINGHE Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman of Committee) 5' 9 (Member) (Me r) (Member ead of e...

  4. The Interaction of Propanil+Thiobencarb with Imazethapyr and Imazamox for Enhanced Red Rice (Oryza spp.) Control in Imidazolinone-Tolerant Rice (Oryza sativa L.)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Trevor Nelson

    2014-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

    on imidazolinone-tolerant crops. BASF Corporation. 26 2 Newpath, Clearpath, Beyond. Imidazolinone herbicides utilized in Clearfield Production Systems. BASF Corporation. 26 Davis Drive, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709. 5 5-ethyl-3-pyridinecarboxylic... part of BASF’s Clearfield production system. The imidazolinone family’s mode of action is acetolactate synthase inhibition (ALS) (Senseman, 2007). Newpath provides excellent control of many grasses and is therefore an effective tool in the control...

  5. GM Crops Are Not Containable: so what? E. Ann Clark, Plant Agriculture, University of Guelph (eaclark@uoguelph.ca) 2005 E. Ann Clark

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clark, E. Ann

    GM Crops Are Not Containable: so what? E. Ann Clark, Plant Agriculture, University of Guelph years of commercial experience with GM crops allow us to explore two theses: 1. that the premise that GM field crops can co-exist without contaminating weedy relatives as well as non-GM crops is inconsistent

  6. Genetic Diversity in Cultivated CommonBean: II. Marker-Based Analysis of Morphological and AgronomicTraits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gepts, Paul

    , seed, and phenology traits, as well as reaction to four important diseases and an insect pest, obtained from field evaluations at three locations in Colombia during the 1987-1988 cropping season, were Program, Int. Ctr. for Tropical Agric. (CIAT), Apartado aereo 6713, Call, Colombia; and P. Gepts, Dep

  7. Global Simulation of Bioenergy Crop Productivity: Analytical Framework and Case Study for Switchgrass

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kang, Shujiang [ORNL; Kline, Keith L [ORNL; Nair, S. Surendran [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Nichols, Dr Jeff A [ORNL; Post, Wilfred M [ORNL; Brandt, Craig C [ORNL; Wullschleger, Stan D [ORNL; Wei, Yaxing [ORNL; Singh, Nagendra [ORNL

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A global energy crop productivity model that provides geospatially explicit quantitative details on biomass potential and factors affecting sustainability would be useful, but does not exist now. This study describes a modeling platform capable of meeting many challenges associated with global-scale agro-ecosystem modeling. We designed an analytical framework for bioenergy crops consisting of six major components: (i) standardized natural resources datasets, (ii) global field-trial data and crop management practices, (iii) simulation units and management scenarios, (iv) model calibration and validation, (v) high-performance computing (HPC) simulation, and (vi) simulation output processing and analysis. The HPC-Environmental Policy Integrated Climate (HPC-EPIC) model simulated a perennial bioenergy crop, switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.), estimating feedstock production potentials and effects across the globe. This modeling platform can assess soil C sequestration, net greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, nonpoint source pollution (e.g., nutrient and pesticide loss), and energy exchange with the atmosphere. It can be expanded to include additional bioenergy crops (e.g., miscanthus, energy cane, and agave) and food crops under different management scenarios. The platform and switchgrass field-trial dataset are available to support global analysis of biomass feedstock production potential and corresponding metrics of sustainability.

  8. High level expression of Acidothermus cellulolyticus ?-1, 4-endoglucanase in transgenic rice enhances the hydrolysis of its straw by cultured cow gastric fluid

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chou, Hong L.; Dai, Ziyu; Hsieh, Chia W.; Ku, Maurice S.

    2011-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Large-scale production of effective cellulose hydrolytic enzymes is the key to the bioconversion of agricultural residues to ethanol. The goal of this study was to develop a rice plant as a bioreactor for the large-scale production of cellulose hydrolytic enzymes via genetic transformation, and to simultaneously improve rice straw as an efficient biomass feedstock for conversion of cellulose to glucose. In this study, the cellulose hydrolytic enzyme {beta}-1, 4-endoglucanase (E1) from the thermophilic bacterium Acidothermus cellulolyticus was overexpressed in rice through Agrobacterium-mediated transformation. The expression of the bacterial gene in rice was driven by the constitutive Mac promoter, a hybrid promoter of Ti plasmid mannopine synthetase promoter and cauliflower mosaic virus 35S promoter enhancer with the signal peptide of tobacco pathogenesis-related protein for targeting the protein to the apoplastic compartment for storage. A total of 52 transgenic rice plants from six independent lines expressing the bacterial enzyme were obtained, which expressed the gene at high levels with a normal phenotype. The specific activities of E1 in the leaves of the highest expressing transgenic rice lines were about 20 fold higher than those of various transgenic plants obtained in previous studies and the protein amounts accounted for up to 6.1% of the total leaf soluble protein. Zymogram and temperature-dependent activity analyses demonstrated the thermostability of the enzyme and its substrate specificity against cellulose, and a simple heat treatment can be used to purify the protein. In addition, hydrolysis of transgenic rice straw with cultured cow gastric fluid yielded almost twice more reducing sugars than wild type straw. Taken together, these data suggest that transgenic rice can effectively serve as a bioreactor for large-scale production of active, thermostable cellulose hydrolytic enzymes. As a feedstock, direct expression of large amount of cellulases in transgenic rice may also facilitate saccharification of cellulose in rice straw and significantly reduce the costs for hydrolytic enzymes.

  9. The effect of some processing variables on the canning stability of raw and parboiled long-grain rice varieties

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demont, James Ira

    1965-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Jective rating response to lactate interaction parboil x calcium 49 44. Subjective rating response to pH x calcium lactate intern. ction 45. Analysis of variance ? canned rice color 50 46. Canned rice color response to varietal differences . 51 Canned... blanch pH x calcium lactate pH x blanch 57 25 1580. 09 27. 36 1. 44N. S. 39. 70?? 0. 69N. S. Calcium lactate x blanch Residual 4 426 37 51 39. 80 0. 94N. S. The response scale for each significant main effect snd inter- action...

  10. Estimation of the leaf area index of rice by spectral reflectance analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Robert David

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of these varieties. Spectral radiance data in the visible, near-infrared (near- IR), and middle-infrared (middle-IR) wavelengths were collected from seven varieties of rice with a portable, eight-band radiometer. Mea- surements of leaf area index, dry biomass... and increases in the near-IR wavebands as the proportion of soil exposed to the sensor decreases. Kriebel ( l978) reported that changes in the solar zenith angle by one degree could change the radiance from a scene an average of +1. 5%, depending...

  11. EIS-0439: Rice Solar Energy Project in Riverside County, CA | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't Your Destiny:Revised FindingDepartment ofStatement |StatementDraftEnergy 9: Rice Solar

  12. Estimating crop net primary production using inventory data and MODIS-derived parameters

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bandaru, Varaprasad; West, Tristram O.; Ricciuto, Daniel M.; Izaurralde, Roberto C.

    2013-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

    National estimates of spatially-resolved cropland net primary production (NPP) are needed for diagnostic and prognostic modeling of carbon sources, sinks, and net carbon flux. Cropland NPP estimates that correspond with existing cropland cover maps are needed to drive biogeochemical models at the local scale and over national and continental extents. Existing satellite-based NPP products tend to underestimate NPP on croplands. A new Agricultural Inventory-based Light Use Efficiency (AgI-LUE) framework was developed to estimate individual crop biophysical parameters for use in estimating crop-specific NPP. The method is documented here and evaluated for corn and soybean crops in Iowa and Illinois in years 2006 and 2007. The method includes a crop-specific enhanced vegetation index (EVI) from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS), shortwave radiation data estimated using Mountain Climate Simulator (MTCLIM) algorithm and crop-specific LUE per county. The combined aforementioned variables were used to generate spatially-resolved, crop-specific NPP that correspond to the Cropland Data Layer (CDL) land cover product. The modeling framework represented well the gradient of NPP across Iowa and Illinois, and also well represented the difference in NPP between years 2006 and 2007. Average corn and soybean NPP from AgI-LUE was 980 g C m-2 yr-1 and 420 g C m-2 yr-1, respectively. This was 2.4 and 1.1 times higher, respectively, for corn and soybean compared to the MOD17A3 NPP product. Estimated gross primary productivity (GPP) derived from AgI-LUE were in close agreement with eddy flux tower estimates. The combination of new inputs and improved datasets enabled the development of spatially explicit and reliable NPP estimates for individual crops over large regional extents.

  13. Benefits of supplementing an industrial waste anaerobic digester with energy crops for increased biogas production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nges, Ivo Achu, E-mail: Nges.Ivo_Achu@biotek.lu.se [Department of Biotechnology, Lund University, P.O. Box 124, SE 221 00 Lund (Sweden); Escobar, Federico; Fu Xinmei; Bjoernsson, Lovisa [Department of Biotechnology, Lund University, P.O. Box 124, SE 221 00 Lund (Sweden)

    2012-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer This study demonstrates the feasibility of co-digestion food industrial waste with energy crops. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Laboratory batch co-digestion led to improved methane yield and carbon to nitrogen ratio as compared to mono-digestion of industrial waste. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Co-digestion was also seen as a means of degrading energy crops with nutrients addition as crops are poor in nutrients. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Batch co-digestion methane yields were used to predict co-digestion methane yield in full scale operation. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer It was concluded that co-digestion led an over all economically viable process and ensured a constant supply of feedstock. - Abstract: Currently, there is increasing competition for waste as feedstock for the growing number of biogas plants. This has led to fluctuation in feedstock supply and biogas plants being operated below maximum capacity. The feasibility of supplementing a protein/lipid-rich industrial waste (pig manure, slaughterhouse waste, food processing and poultry waste) mesophilic anaerobic digester with carbohydrate-rich energy crops (hemp, maize and triticale) was therefore studied in laboratory scale batch and continuous stirred tank reactors (CSTR) with a view to scale-up to a commercial biogas process. Co-digesting industrial waste and crops led to significant improvement in methane yield per ton of feedstock and carbon-to-nitrogen ratio as compared to digestion of the industrial waste alone. Biogas production from crops in combination with industrial waste also avoids the need for micronutrients normally required in crop digestion. The batch co-digestion methane yields were used to predict co-digestion methane yield in full scale operation. This was done based on the ratio of methane yields observed for laboratory batch and CSTR experiments compared to full scale CSTR digestion of industrial waste. The economy of crop-based biogas production is limited under Swedish conditions; therefore, adding crops to existing industrial waste digestion could be a viable alternative to ensure a constant/reliable supply of feedstock to the anaerobic digester.

  14. Opportunities for Energy Crop Production Based on Subfield Scale Distribution of Profitability

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ian Bonner; Kara Cafferty; David Muth Jr.; Mark Tomer

    2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Incorporation of dedicated herbaceous energy crops into row crop landscapes is a promising means to supply an expanding biofuel industry while increasing biomass yields, benefiting soil and water quality, and increasing biodiversity. Despite these positive traits energy crops remain largely unaccepted due to concerns over their practicality and cost of implementation. This paper presents a case study on Hardin County, Iowa to demonstrate how subfield decision making can be used to target candidate areas for conversion to energy crop production. The strategy presented integrates switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) into subfield landscape positions where corn (Zea mays L.) grain is modeled to operate at a net economic loss. The results of this analysis show that switchgrass integration has the potential to increase sustainable biomass production from 48 to 99% (depending on the rigor of conservation practices applied to corn stover collection) while also improving field level profitability. Candidate land area is highly sensitive to grain price (0.18 to 0.26 US$ kg-1) and dependent on the acceptable net profit for corn production (ranging from 0 to -1,000 US$ ha-1). This work presents the case that switchgrass can be economically implemented into row crop production landscapes when management decisions are applied at a subfield scale and compete against areas of the field operating at a negative net profit.

  15. Global Simulation of Bioenergy Crop Productivity: Analytical framework and Case Study for Switchgrass

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nair, S. Surendran [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK)] [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Nichols, Jeff A. {Cyber Sciences} [ORNL; Post, Wilfred M [ORNL] [ORNL; Wang, Dali [ORNL] [ORNL; Wullschleger, Stan D [ORNL] [ORNL; Kline, Keith L [ORNL] [ORNL; Wei, Yaxing [ORNL] [ORNL; Singh, Nagendra [ORNL] [ORNL; Kang, Shujiang [ORNL] [ORNL

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Contemporary global assessments of the deployment potential and sustainability aspects of biofuel crops lack quantitative details. This paper describes an analytical framework capable of meeting the challenges associated with global scale agro-ecosystem modeling. We designed a modeling platform for bioenergy crops, consisting of five major components: (i) standardized global natural resources and management data sets, (ii) global simulation unit and management scenarios, (iii) model calibration and validation, (iv) high-performance computing (HPC) modeling, and (v) simulation output processing and analysis. A case study with the HPC- Environmental Policy Integrated Climate model (HPC-EPIC) to simulate a perennial bioenergy crop, switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) and global biomass feedstock analysis on grassland demonstrates the application of this platform. The results illustrate biomass feedstock variability of switchgrass and provide insights on how the modeling platform can be expanded to better assess sustainable production criteria and other biomass crops. Feedstock potentials on global grasslands and within different countries are also shown. Future efforts involve developing databases of productivity, implementing global simulations for other bioenergy crops (e.g. miscanthus, energycane and agave), and assessing environmental impacts under various management regimes. We anticipated this platform will provide an exemplary tool and assessment data for international communities to conduct global analysis of biofuel biomass feedstocks and sustainability.

  16. Residual Fertilizer Nitrogen in a Flooded Rice Soil1 K. R. REDDY AND W. H. PATRICK, JR. 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Florida, University of

    in the soil-water-plant system was measured. Approxi- Residual effects of 15 N-labelled fertilizer (ammoniumResidual Fertilizer Nitrogen in a Flooded Rice Soil1 K. R. REDDY AND W. H. PATRICK, JR. 2 ABSTRACT) to majntain jts identity in the soil during the top dressing. The uptake of residual labelled N (that present

  17. Free Lunch: Exploiting Renewable Energy For Computing Sherif Akoush, Ripduman Sohan, Andrew Rice, Andrew W. Moore and Andy Hopper

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    Free Lunch: Exploiting Renewable Energy For Computing Sherif Akoush, Ripduman Sohan, Andrew Rice renewable en- ergy by (i) colocating datacentres with these remote energy sources, (ii) connecting them over that period. In anticipation of this growth, our industry is begin- ning to explore renewable energy

  18. Economic Impacts of Changes in United States Rice Price Variability on Market Efficiency, Marketing Margin and Producer Viability.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grant, W.R.; Richardson, J.W.; Brorsen, B.W.; Rister, M.E

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Limitations and Conclusions . .................... 12 Appendix ..................................... 14 References ................................... 16 Acknowledgments . ............................ . 16 SUMMARY This study investigates the impacts.... It investigates the short-run interactions among rice prices by analyzing dynamic adjustments in the markets under two policy situations-in 1960-71 for high price sup ports, and 1974-81 for low price supports. The margin between farm and mill prices...

  19. OsELF3-1, an Ortholog of Arabidopsis EARLY FLOWERING 3, Regulates Rice Circadian Rhythm and Photoperiodic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deng, Xing-Wang

    ://www.cls.edu.cn/). and National Natural Science Foundation of China (30971763 and 31025017) to SL (http://www.nsfc.gov.cn/Portal0 Agricultural University, Chengdu, Sichuan, China, 2 State Key Laboratory of Hybrid Rice, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu, Sichuan, China, 3 College of Life Sciences, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China, 4

  20. Influence of rainfall on the retention of sludge trace metals by the leaves of forage crops

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Stephen Grady

    1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    INFLUENCE OF RAINFALL ON THE RETENTION OF SLUDGE TRACE METALS BY THE LEAVES OF FORAGE CROPS A Thesis STEPHEN GRADY JONES Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1977 Major Subject: Soil Science INFLUENCE OF RAINFALL ON THE RETENTION OF SLUDGE TRACE MFTALS BY THE LEAVES OF FORAGE CROPS A Thesis by STEPHEN GRADY JONES Approved a to style and content by: 1 (Chairman of Committee...