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Sample records for rica cote divoire

  1. Potential Savings for Cote d'Ivoire, Ghana, Nigeria and Senegal from BUENAS modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Letschert, Virginie E.

    2014-01-01

    for Cote d'Ivoire, Ghana, Nigeria and Senegal from BUENASCote d’Ivoire, Ghana, Nigeria, and Senegal, which togetherGhana Million m 2 GWh Nigeria Senegal Source: BUENAS 2008

  2. Bringing Visibility to Rural Users in Cote d'Ivoire Mariya Zheleva, Paul Schmitt, Morgan Vigil and Elizabeth Belding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Belding-Royer, Elizabeth M.

    by those in power. In the case of our analysis of cellular network use in Cote d'Ivoire, we consider makes the following contributions (i) we identify stark differences in cellphone usage patterns in rural

  3. Cote d'Ivoire IAEA Energy Planning | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePower VenturesInformation EU-UNDP Climate Change CapacityEnergyEnergyCote

  4. The geography and carbon footprint of mobile phone use in Cote d'Ivoire

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salnikov, Vsevolod; Youn, Hyejin; Lambiotte, Renaud; Gastner, Michael T

    2013-01-01

    The newly released Orange D4D mobile phone data base provides new insights into the use of mobile technology in a developing country. Here we perform a series of spatial data analyses that reveal important geographic aspects of mobile phone use in Cote d'Ivoire. We first map the locations of base stations with respect to the population distribution and the number and duration of calls at each base station. On this basis, we estimate the energy consumed by the mobile phone network. Finally, we perform an analysis of inter-city mobility, and identify high-traffic roads in the country.

  5. Integrazione numerica: formule di Newton-Cotes semplici Formule di Newton-Cotes composte

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demeio, Lucio

    Integrazione numerica: formule di Newton-Cotes semplici Formule di Newton-Cotes composte Metodo di-Cotes composte Metodo di Romberg 1 Integrazione numerica: formule di Newton-Cotes semplici 2 Formule di Newton-Cotes composte 3 Metodo di Romberg Lucio Demeio Dipartimento di Scienze Matematiche Analisi Numerica #12

  6. Potential Savings for Cote d'Ivoire, Ghana, Nigeria and Senegal from BUENAS modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Letschert, Virginie E.

    2014-01-01

    IEA Online Energy Database. Letschert, V. , McNeil, M.A. ,En.lighten, 2012. Country lighting assessments. IEA, 2012.Source: BUENAS 2008 and IEA for Industry Module 2: Unit

  7. Potential Savings for Cote d'Ivoire, Ghana, Nigeria and Senegal from BUENAS modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Letschert, Virginie E.

    2014-01-01

    sector. Nigeria has a low reported energy consumption forNigeria Senegal Source: BUENAS 2008 and IEA for Industry Module 2: Unit Energy

  8. Women's Autonomy and Fertility: A Comparison of Sociocultural Indicators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alvarez, Rebecca

    2011-01-01

    Botswana Cameroon Cape Verde Comoros Cote d'Ivoire AlgeriaChad Niger Nigeria Oman Comoros Cote d'Ivoire Djibouti Egypt

  9. Clonal population structure and genetic diversity of Candida albicans in AIDS patients from Abidjan (Cote d'Ivoire)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01

    4, A), G7 (1, B) G3 (5, A) G8 (5, A) G9 (1, A), G10 (1, A),KTZ NYS AMB AMB G7 (5, B) G8 (5, A) G18 (5, A) G19 (5, A)Aat Fk G1 G2 G3 G4 G5 G6 G7 G8 G9 G10 G11 G12 G13 G14 G15

  10. The Coffeeness of Costa Rica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rausch, Lisa

    2005-01-01

    of coffee. 1 Patricia Vega Jiménez has examined in depth the importance of coffee consumption in Costa Rica. Patricia Vega Jiménez, Con sabor a tertulia: Historia del consume del café en Costa Rica (1840-1940) (San José: U de Costa Rica, 2004). 7..., but recognizes that he was not the first to have coffee in Costa Rica, though no actual year for coffee introduction is given. Carolyn Hall, El café y el desarollo histórico-geografico de Costa Rica (San José: Editorial Costra Rica, 1976) 33. 8and keeping...

  11. 7`eme Congr`es Pan Africain de Mathematiques Yamoussoukro, C^ote d'Ivoire du 3 au 8 ao^ut 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waldschmidt, Michel

    a real number x, decide whether it is rational : x Q or else irrational : x Q . · Transcendence. Given;Questions · Irrationality. Given a real number x, decide whether it is rational : x Q or else irrational : x Q . · Transcendence. Given a complex number x, decide whether or not it is a root of a non

  12. 7`eme Congr`es Pan Africain de Mathematiques Yamoussoukro, C^ote d'Ivoire du 3 au 8 ao^ut 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waldschmidt, Michel

    ;Questions · Irrationality. Given a real number x, decide whether it is rational : x Q or else irrational : x Q . · Transcendence. Given a complex number x, decide whether or not it is a root of a non are algebraically independent. 6 / 60 #12;§ 1 : Historical survey Irrationality : H. Lambert 1767 Transcendence

  13. An Investigation into the Historical Distribution, Prevalence, and Host Community of Monkeypox Virus (MPXV) Among Funisciurus Museum Skin Specimens from Central Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tiee, Madeline

    2015-01-01

    within Sierra Leone, Liberia, and Cote d’Ivoire, Nigeria,from Cote d’Ivoire, 2 from Liberia, 13 from Rwanda, 1 fromGuinea), and county (Liberia) levels. All samples with

  14. Last Name First Date of Birth Immunization Record

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dennett, Daniel

    African Rep. Chad China Colombia Comoros Congo Congo DR Cote d'Ivoire Croatia Djibouti Dominican Republic

  15. TUBERCULOSIS (TB) SCREENING QUESTIONNAIRE (REQUIRED) PLEASE PRINT -This section to be completed by student

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Almor, Amit

    African Republic Chad China Colombia Comoros Congo Cook Islands DR - Congo Cote d'Ivoire Croatia Djibouti

  16. Special education in Costa Rica 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stough, Laura

    2014-01-01

    Universidad Estatal a Distancia. Mele´ndez, L. (2000). Aspectos histo´ricos de la atencio´n a las personas con necesidades educativas especiales en Costa Rica y el mundo [Historical aspects of the attention of persons with special education needs in Costa Rica... Educacio´n Pu´blica. (2010). Bolet?´n 11-10: Necesi- dades educativas especiales en centros que brindan educacio´n tradicional [Special education needs in traditional education centers]. Costa Rica: MEP. Ministerio de Educacio´n Pu´blica. (2011). Matr?...

  17. UF in Costa Rica Tropical Ecosystems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hill, Jeffrey E.

    , and eco-friendly food production sites. Housing While in Costa Rica, you will stay in hotels, lodges

  18. Colloque CFBR-SHF: Dimensionnement et fonctionnement des vacuateurs de crues, 20-21 janvier 2009, Lyon -Paul Royet, Grard Degoutte, Laurent Peyras, Jacques Lavabre, Franois Lemperrire Cotes et crues de protection, de sret et de danger de rupture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    crues de protection, de sûreté et de danger de rupture COTES ET CRUES DE PROTECTION, DE SURETE ET DE DANGER DE RUPTURE Protection, safety and danger levels and associated floods Paul Royet, Gérard Degoutte de la cote de sûreté ou de la cote de danger de rupture, et parallèlement de proposer des valeurs

  19. Graphene Oxide: Surface Activity and Two-Dimensional By Franklin Kim, Laura J. Cote, and Jiaxing Huang*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Jiaxing

    ) is a promising precursor for preparing graphene-based composites and electronics applications. Like graphene, GO-dimensional assemblies over large areas is discussed. Figure 1. a) Typical preparation of graphene oxide (GO). PristineGraphene Oxide: Surface Activity and Two-Dimensional Assembly By Franklin Kim, Laura J. Cote

  20. Maps of Costa Rica; an annotated cartobibliography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palmerlee, Albert E.

    1965-01-01

    whenever they have been uncovered in the course of the investigation. Careful attention has also been paid to the three notable listings known to the author: Luis Dobles Segreda's Lista de mapas parciales o totales de Costa Rica (San José, 1928), Jorge... A. Lines' Bibliografia aborigen de Costa Rica (San José, 1944), and the American Geographical Society of New York's Catalog of Maps of Hispanic America (New York, 1930-1932). The pertinent maps from these sources have been included when copies...

  1. Protesting the contest : election boycotts around the world, 1990-2002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beaulieu, Emily Ann

    2006-01-01

    Faso Cambodia Cameroon Chad Comoros Congo (dropped) Cote d’violence Azerbaijan Cameroon Comoros Cote d’Ivoire GhanaPeru, Niger, Mali, Yemen, Ghana, Comoros, and Cameroon while

  2. The use of insecticide-treated nets for reducing malaria morbidity among children aged 6-59 months, in an area of high malaria transmission in central Cote d'Ivoire

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01

    of our study, access to the power grid was available in twoconnection to the power grid, and appraisal of wealth

  3. Do tests devised to detect recent HIV-1 infection provide reliable estimates of incidence in Sakarovitch C.1,5

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hospitalier Universitaire de Treichville, Abidjan, Cote D'Ivoire 3 Health Protection Agency Centre-CI, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Treichville, Abidjan, Cote D`Ivoire, 5 INSERM Unité 593, Institut de A. Minga Biological coordination: Drs F. Rouet and T.A. Toni Data management: Mr A. Coulibaly Field

  4. Costa Rica-Mitigation of Greenhouse Gas Emissions through Avoided...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Costa Rica-Mitigation of Greenhouse Gas Emissions through Avoided Deforestation of Tropical Rainforests on Privately-owned Lands in High Conservation Value Areas Jump to:...

  5. Holographic Embedding de Teramond, Guy F.; /Costa Rica U.; Dosch...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Baryon Spectrum from Superconformal Quantum Mechanics and its Light-Front Holographic Embedding de Teramond, Guy F.; Costa Rica U.; Dosch, Hans Gunter; U. Heidelberg, ITP;...

  6. Costa Rica-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  7. Costa Rica: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, Alabama (Utility Company)| Open(Evans,Oregon:Volcano,CorsonCosta Mesa,Costa Rica:

  8. Group dynamics, behavior, and current and historical abundance of peccaries in Costa Rica’s Caribbean lowlands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Romero, Andrea; O'Neill, Brian James; Timm, Robert M.; Gerow, Kenneth G.; McClearn, Deedra

    2013-08-14

    The abundances and habitat preferences of peccaries in Neotropical forests are important to understand because these keystone species influence many aspects of the ecosystem. In the Caribbean lowlands of Costa Rica, we ...

  9. Costa Rica-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Costa Rica-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model Jump to: navigation, search Name Costa-Rica-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional...

  10. Nicholson & Sahay Software Exports Development in Costa Rica Proceedings of the 9th

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sahay, Sundeep

    Nicholson & Sahay Software Exports Development in Costa Rica Proceedings of the 9th International Exports Development in Costa Rica: Contradictions and the Potential for Change Brian Nicholson Manchester exports development. Academic and practitioner frameworks have emerged to guide policymakers

  11. SEISMIC HAZARD AND VULNERABILITY ASSESSMENT IN TURRIALBA, COSTA RICA Seismic hazard and vulnerability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SEISMIC HAZARD AND VULNERABILITY ASSESSMENT IN TURRIALBA, COSTA RICA I Seismic hazard and vulnerability assessment in Turrialba, Costa Rica Rafael German Urban Lamadrid March 2002 #12;SEISMIC HAZARD AND VULNERABILITY ASSESSMENT IN TURRIALBA, COSTA RICA II Seismic hazard and vulnerability assessment in Turrialba

  12. Educational Inequalities in the midst of widespread poverty; Diversity across Africa in primary school completion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lloyd, Cynthia

    2007-01-01

    Central Afr. Chad Republic Comoros Cote d'Ivoire Dem. Rep.from a quarter of a million in Comoros to over 47 million inthe small island nation of Comoros. Among countries that had

  13. Topics for BA and MA Theses at the chair of Prof. Klasen The list below gives contains proposals for Bachelor (BA) and Master (MA) thesis topics. You can also

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krivobokova, Tatyana

    levels and dynamics in Russia / Cote d'Ivoire/ (any country where an appropriate dataset can be found) MA sequence do countries improve their human development performance? MA Export-oriented growth and female

  14. Sustainable Development in Costa Rica: A Moral Geography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herrera Rodriguez, Mauricio

    2008-07-28

    . In Costa Rica the political and business establishment has been running the country following an increasingly absolutist neoliberal ideology for the last 20 years. This doctrine relies on recycled classical political economic ideas developed in the 1960s... on their own and remain to be examined in the context of the projects, and the virtues, that they help put in place. This last assertion reinforces a premise that runs across this dissertation, the fact that progress in development needs to be measured...

  15. (Findings of the Costa Rica power sector efficiency study)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Waddle, D.B.

    1990-10-08

    To present findings of the Costa Rica Power Sector Efficiency Study to the Instituto Costarricense de Electridad, and to the Ministry of Energy, Natural Resources and Mining. To discuss the progress and plans for the Central American Rural Electrification Project with US Agency for International Development (USAID)/Regional Office Central American Program (ROCAP). I traveled to San Jose, Costa Rica to present the findings of the Costa Rica Power Sector Efficiency Study to our counterparts in the utility and the Ministry of Energy. Discussions were held with line level managers at Instituto Costarricensede Electricidad (ICE) and Ministry of Energy Mines and Natural Resources (MIRENEM), as well as a plan of action set for the final stage of the project. Discussions were held for a one day period with both the bilateral Agency for International Development (AID) and the regional AID mission regarding the need for a similar study in Guatemala and matters directly pertaining to the Central American Rural Electrification Study (CARES) project.

  16. HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT IN THE CONTEXT OF SOFTWARE EXPORTS: CASE EVIDENCE FROM COSTA RICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sahay, Sundeep

    HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT IN THE CONTEXT OF SOFTWARE EXPORTS: CASE EVIDENCE FROM COSTA RICA Brian identified as a catalyst to software industry and software exports development. Software development exports policy formulation. The complexities are highlighted through the case study of Costa Rica where

  17. Learning disabilities in Costa Rica: Challenges for "an army of teachers." 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    s, Laura

    1997-01-01

    stream_source_info Learning Disabilities in Costa Rica-Challenges for an army of teachers.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 6 Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 stream_name Learning Disabilities in Costa Rica...

  18. AGRARIAN CHANGE, AGROECOLOGICAL TRANSFORMATION AND THE COFFEE CRISIS IN COSTA RICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Babin, Nicholas Lawrence

    2012-01-01

    Tiene el hogar acceso al agua? a. Sí; b. No. 15. ¿Cual es lade conservación de suelo; Conservación de Agua; d. Otros (y Informe de Gerencia:. Agua Buena, Costa Rica, CoopaBuena

  19. World Report on Disability, Intellectual Disabilities, and Disaster Preparedness: Costa Rica as a Case Example 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stough, Laura

    2015-01-01

    , Costa Rica. Risk, Hazards & Crisis in Public Policy, 3, 77–104. International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies. (2007). World disasters report: Focus on discrimination. Satigny/ Verner, Switzerland: ATAR Roto Presse. Kailes, J. (2008...

  20. Tent construction and use by Uroderma bilobatum in coconut palms (Cocos nucifera) in Costa Rica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Timm, Robert M.; Lewis, Susan E.

    1991-01-01

    Tent construction and use, uniformity of tents, and frond selection were studied in a population of Uroderma bilobatum roosting in coconut palms (Cocos nucifera) in Parque Nacional Palo Verde, Guanacaste Province, northwestern Costa Rica during July...

  1. Development of an Environmental Conscience: A Conservation History of Costa Rica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, Sterling

    1992-12-07

    Costa Rica proves to be an exemplary case study for the development of a national environmental conscience. This thesis examines what such a conscience entails, how it developed historically, hew it was tested and challenged, ...

  2. FORMALIZATION OF HOUSING IN SAN JOSE, COSTA RICA: A community pathway to legal incorporation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Velazquez, Melissa Renee

    2008-07-31

    This work explores urban informal housing and development strategies with a process centered purpose in the urban core of San José, Costa Rica. It seeks to explain how communities obtain change in formal housing status and move toward legal...

  3. Rediscovery, ecology, and identification of rare free-tailed bats (Chiroptera: Molossidae) in Costa Rica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pineda, Willy; Rodrí guez-Herrera, Bernal; Timm, Robert M.

    2008-06-01

    Five new specimens ofthe poorly known Sanborn's bonneted bat, Eumops hansae (Chiroptera: Molossidae), are reported for Costa Rica's central and northern Pacific lowlands based on a subadult male collected in 1990 and four ...

  4. (Energy efficiency improvement studies for Costa Rica and Guatemala)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Waddle, D.B.

    1990-05-30

    I travelled to San Jose, Cost Rica, on May 20, 1990 to report on the progress of the Integrated Power Sector Efficiency Analysis Project to the Instituto Costarrincense de Electricidad, and to USAID/San Jose. I also discussed the progress and plans for the CONELECTRICAS Small Hydroelectric Project supported by ORNL through the Renewable Energy Applications and Training Project. Both projects are proceeding on schedule. ORNL will complete further supply side analysis after comments are submitted by ICE, with respect to the information provided on this visit. The CONELECTRICAS project will require further ORNL input to assist in optimization of equipment selection and to perform the required financial and economic cost analyses. I travelled to Guatemala City on May 22, 1990. I met with Instituto Nacional de Electricacion (INDE) to discuss the findings and recommendations of the Electric Power Utility Efficiency Improvement Study undertaken in February, 1990. I also met with Mario Funes to discuss future ORNL assistance to ROCAP in support of the CARES project as well as other ROCAP energy initiatives.

  5. ISET Journal of Earthquake Technology, Paper No. 466, Vol. 42, No. 4, December 2005, pp. 203-212 TSUNAMIS AND TSUNAMI PREPARDNESS IN COSTA RICA,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gupta, Vinay Kumar

    -212 TSUNAMIS AND TSUNAMI PREPARDNESS IN COSTA RICA, CENTRALAMERICA Mario Fernández-Arce* and Guillermo Alvarado Rica, Costa Rica ABSTRACT The Costa Rican coasts are at risk of local tsunamis. On both Pacific the vulnerability of the coastal communities. In addition to tsunamis originating in the Middle American Trench (MAT

  6. Chilean Theatre in Exile: The Teatro del Angel in Costa Rica, 1974-1984

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Charles P.

    1986-04-01

    that in the initial period after the move, the group performed at universities and high schools in many areas of Costa Rica. They mounted productions of La Celestina and Cama de batalla among others, as well as café-teatro presentations, principally in the cafe... Rica include four full length plays: Pequeños animales abatidos, Volar con sólo un ala, La Diablada, and La comadre Lola. In addition he wrote a one act play, El uno para el otro, and productions for café-teatro. Pequeños animales abatidos won...

  7. Energy dynamics and modeled evapotranspiration from a wet tropical forest in Costa Rica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Energy dynamics and modeled evapotranspiration from a wet tropical forest in Costa Rica H). #12;1. Introduction The energy balance of tropical forests is complex due to feedback mechanisms among.W. Loeschera, *, H.L. Gholza,b , J.M. Jacobsc , S.F. Oberbauerd,e a School of Forest Resources and Conservation

  8. Agroforestry system effects on soil characteristics of tropical soils in the Sarapiqui Region of Costa Rica 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tornquist, Carlos G.

    1997-01-01

    and their impact on selected soil properties as compared to baseline data and pastures utilizing on-farm agroforestry plots established in the Sarapiqui Region of Costa Rica in 1990. Tree components of the agroforestry systems were Vochysia ferruginea and V...

  9. VULNERABILITY ANALYSIS AND RISK ASSESSMENT FOR SEISMIC AND FLOOD HAZARD IN TURIALBA CITY, COSTA RICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    VULNERABILITY ANALYSIS AND RISK ASSESSMENT FOR SEISMIC AND FLOOD HAZARD IN TURIALBA CITY, COSTA and Earth Observation (ITC) Enschede Netherlands Figure 5.4. Damage maps for #12;Vulnerability Analysis And Risk Assessment For Seismic And Flood Hazard In Turialba City, Costa Rica By Muh Aris Marfai and Jacob

  10. Characterization of Throughfall Heterogeneity in a Tropical Pre-Montane Could Forest in Costa Rica 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berger, Amelie Cecile

    2013-09-26

    of this study, rain gauge networks were deployed in a 2.2-hectare watershed within a tropical pre-montane transitional cloud forest in Costa Rica. Throughfall data were collected daily for a total of 39 events from 28 June–17 July 2012 and 12 June–16 July 2013...

  11. Inferred pore pressures at the Costa Rica subduction zone: implications for dewatering processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fisher, Andrew

    ; accepted 8 February 2000 Abstract Drilling on Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) Leg 170, offshore Costa Rica that in situ excess pore-fluid pressures within the underthrust section range from 1.3 MPa at the top of the section to 3.1 MPa near the base. The inferred pore pressure profile implies that fluids escape

  12. Specialty Coffee in Costa Rica: Effect of Environmental Factors and Management Options on Soil Chemistry and Microbial Composition 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sturm-Flores, Linda

    2012-07-16

    In the Central Valley of Costa Rica in the Department of Heredia, I investigated the soil chemical properties and microbial communities under four native shade tree species in a coffee agroforestry system. In the second ...

  13. Los Proyectos de La Gamba: Gender Issues in Rural Sustainable Development Projects in the Southern Zone of Costa Rica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cockrum, Thayne J.

    2001-05-01

    In 1992 at the United Nations Conference on the Environment and Development (UNCED), Costa Rica pledged to make a political commitment to incorporate the sustainability of the environment into the socioeconomic development ...

  14. Building Toward a Consistent Program Evaluation: A Qualitative Study of Community Reaction to Development Programs in Limón, Costa Rica 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shane, Caleb Jonathan

    2012-10-19

    Environmental education has been a prominent approach to achieve sustainable development and counteract the megatrend of environmental degradation. In Costa Rica, environmental education has been adopted as an essential tool for protecting...

  15. Berkeley International Office Survey 1. What is your gender?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacobs, Lucia

    Comoros 0.0% 0 Congo 0.0% 0 Congo, Democratic Republic of The 0.0% 0 Costa Rica 0.0% 0 Cote D Ivoire 0

  16. Berkeley International Office Survey 1. What is your gender?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacobs, Lucia

    Comoros 0.0% 0 Congo 0.0% 0 Congo, Democratic Republic of The 0.0% 0 Costa Rica 0.4% 2 Cote D Ivoire 0

  17. OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM LEG 159 SCIENTIFIC PROSPECTUS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM LEG 159 SCIENTIFIC PROSPECTUS THE COTE D'IVOIRE - GHANA TRANSFORM MARGIN, Leg 159 Ocean Drilling Program Texas A&M University Research Park 1000 Discovery Drive College Station requires the written consent of the Director, Ocean Drilling Program, Texas A&M University Research Park

  18. Two-Year MorbidityMortality and Alternatives to Prolonged Breast-Feeding among Children

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    sur le Sida 1201/1202 Ditrame Plus, Programme PAC-CI, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Treichville, Abidjan, Co^te d'Ivoire, 3 Service de Pe´diatrie, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Yopougon, Abidjan-feeding and then early cessation from 4 mo of age. Nutritional counseling and clinical management were provided for 2 y

  19. Complying With US Export Regulations Which Affect Foreign Students Most of our students' activities qualify for exclusion from US export regulations, i.e., a license is not required prior to allowing a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hutcheon, James M.

    energy (DOE). If you have questions about any of these courses, contact RSCP. NOTE: If you are teaching or development, where research results are restricted for proprietary or specific national security reasons) Cote d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast) Cuba Democratic Republic of the Congo Iran Iraq Liberia Lybia North

  20. The Green Republic: A Conservation History of Costa Rica, 1838-1996

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, Sterling

    1997-07-24

    impressive is the diversity within the plant kingdom. There are approximately 9,000 species of vascular plants (four percent of the world's total) of which 1,200 are different species of orchids and 1,200 are different species of hardwood trees. In some... West Virginia), is only 250 miles long and 150 miles wide at its widest point (see map, Figure 1). Yet the number of plant and animal species there is greater than that of the United States and Canada combined. Costa Rica's phenomenon...

  1. Coastal development decision-making in Costa Rica : the need for a new framework to balance socio-economic and environmental impacts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Esquivel, Maricarmen

    2011-01-01

    Costa Rica needs to pay attention to the rapid change that coastal regions have been undergoing as a result of tourism and real estate projects. Despite the economic benefits in terms of jobs and foreign investment, many ...

  2. Near-regional CMT and multiple-point source solution of the September 5, 2012, Nicoya, Costa Rica Mw 7.6 (GCMT) earthquake

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cerveny, Vlastislav

    , Universidad Nacional de Costa Rica (OVSICORI-UNA) and Laboratorio de Ingenieria Sismica, Universidad de Costa, the Costa Rican engi- neering report (Laboratorio de Ingenieria Sismica, 2012) and data from OVSICORI

  3. Preliminary reservoir engineering studies of the Miravalles geothermal field, Costa Rica

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Haukwa, C.; Bodvarsson, G.S.; Lippmann, M.J.; Mainieri, A.

    1992-01-01

    The Earth Sciences Division of Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory in cooperation with the Instituto Costarricense de Electricidad is conducting a reservoir engineering study of the Miravalles geothermal field, Costa Rica. Using data from eight exploration wells, a two-dimensional areal, natural-state model of Miravalles has been developed. The model was calibrated by fitting the observed temperature and pressure distributions and requires a geothermal upflow zone in the northern part of the field, associated with the Miravalles volcano and an outflow towards the south. The total hot (about 260 C) water recharge is 130 kg/s, corresponding to a thermal input of about 150 MWt. On the basis of the natural-state model a two-dimensional exploitation model was developed. The field has a production area of about 10 km{sup 2}, with temperatures exceeding 220 C. The model indicated that power generation of 55 MWe can be maintained for 30 years, with or without injection of the separated geothermal brine. Generation of 110 MWe could be problematic. Until more information becomes available on the areal extent of the field and the properties of the reservoir rocks, especially their relative permeability characteristics, it is difficult to ascertain if 110 MWe can be sustained during a 30-year period.

  4. Africa: Prosperous times

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-08-01

    Political instability and corruption is the rule, rather than the exception, in Africa`s main producing regions, but exploration and production prospects there are bright and attractive to foreign operators. The paper discusses exploration, drilling, resource development, and production in Nigeria, Libya, Algeria, Egypt, Angola, Congo, Gabon, and Tunisia. The other countries of Africa are briefly mentioned, i.e., Cameroon, Cote D`Ivoire, South Africa, Sudan, Namibia, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Zaire, Mozambique, Ghana, Niger, and Seychelles.

  5. ICTP Public Information Office Page 1 31/03/15 Country Total visitors Female visitors Person-months*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -months* Albania 3 2 4.14 Algeria 50 19 50.37 Argentina 142 53 111.55 Armenia 94 42 39.58 Australia 18 5 5.37 Colombia 49 13 55.76 Costa Rica 44 5 33.80 Côte d'Ivoire 12 2 14.83 Croatia 29 11 10.95 STATISTICAL SUMMARY

  6. Turmoil doesn`t dampen enthusiasm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-08-01

    The paper discusses the outlook for the African gas and oil industries. Though Africa remains politically and economically volatile, its vast energy potential is becoming increasingly attractive to foreign oil and gas companies. Separate evaluations are given for Algeria, Egypt, Nigeria, Angola, Libya, Congo, Gabon, Tunisia, Cameroon, Cote D`Ivoire, and briefly for South Africa, Sudan, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Zaire, Benin, Mozambique, Chad, Namibia, Tanzania, Eritrea, Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, Morocco, Sao Tome and Principe, Ethiopia, Niger, Madagascar, Rwanda, Mauritania, Seychelles, Uganda, and Liberia.

  7. Pharmacokinetics, Trypanosoma brucei gambiense Efficacy, and Time of Drug Action of DB829, a Preclinical Candidate for Treatment of Second-Stage Human African Trypanosomiasis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wenzler, Tanja; Yang, Sihyung; Braissant, Olivier; Boykin, David W.; Brun, Reto; Wang, Michael Zhuo

    2013-11-01

    against HAT November 2013 Volume 57 Number 11 aac.asm.org 5331 o n April 29, 2015 by University of Kansas http://aac.asm .org/ D ow nloaded from 50°C. UPLC mobile phases consisted of water containing 0.1% formic acid (A) andmethanol containing 0...898R 1985 Cote d’Ivoire K03048 2003 South Sudan a Strains labeled with an “R” were isolated from patients after a relapse with a melarsoprol treatment. Wenzler et al. 5332 aac.asm.org Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy o n April 29, 2015...

  8. Special education in Costa Rica 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stough, Laura

    2000-01-01

    services were first established in 1940 when the Fernando Centeno Gu¨ell School was created near the capital city of San Jose´ (Centeno, 1941). The founding of the school, which initially provided services for students with intellectual disabilities, was a... of Endorsement and Ratification of the International Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and a Protocol for Action]. San Jose´: Imprenta Nacional. Biesanz, M. H., Biesanz, R., and Biesanz, K. Z. (1999). The Ticos. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner...

  9. Opportunities in African power generation: A business briefing for industry and investment executives. Held in Baltimore, Maryland, June 21-22, 1995. Export trade information

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-06-21

    The report, prepared by the Institute of International Education, was funded by the U.S. Trade and Development Agency. The information contained in the report was compiled in part for a power generation conference held in Baltimore, Maryland. The focus of the report is the market created by electric power projects financed by multilateral development banks. The study contains country information and project profiles related to the energy sector for eleven countries: Benin, Botswana, Cote D`Ivoire, Ethiopia, Ghana, Malawi, Morocoo, Senegal, Tanzania, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. The report also outlines the range of service opportunities in the region such as consulting, engineering, construction and project management, and equipment procurement. It is divided into the following sections: (1) Agenda/Program; (2) African Energy Sector Overview; (3) Project Profiles; (4) Country Information; and (5) Attendees.

  10. Mobile Communications Reveal the Regional Economy in C^ote Huina Mao1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Menczer, Filippo

    technology as a tool in reducing poverty are not well understood, and, second, that devel- oping countries. As part of their efforts to alleviate poverty and support socio- economic development many governments

  11. INST 1550-5: Social and Cultural Impacts of Video Games Amanda Cote

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weimer, Westley

    "Live in Your World, Play in Ours" by David Leonard "Walk Like an Orc, Talk Like an Orc" by Chris Ritter

  12. International Academic Relations EARTH University, Costa Rica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hill, Jeffrey E.

    of natural resources, and evaluate their impact from a sustainable standpoint (environmental and socio cycle science to rural poverty alleviation and sustainable development through the methods of carbon Communities: Tools and Methodologies for Sustainable Development University of Florida professor Gerald Culen

  13. ECO 6958 001 Costa Rica Study Tour

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    through economic policies Rationalize the behavior of customs unions, free trade areas and other regional trade and finance), and the importance of cultural differences in business development and practices flows, trade, and migration to economic development Comparative advantage in international trade

  14. Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (UtilityMichigan)data bookresult9)ATS LightingSouth

  15. WHO REPORT ON THE GLOBAL TOBACCO EPIDEMIC, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WHO World Health Organization

    2013-01-01

    African Republic Chad Comoros Congo Côte d’Ivoire DemocraticAfrican Republic Chad Comoros Congo Côte d'Ivoire DemocraticAfrican Republic Chad Comoros Congo Côte d'Ivoire Democratic

  16. Costa Rica-Supporting the Zero Emissions Strategy of Costa Rica | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar EnergyLawler,CoalConcordiaConsumerLEDS Tier I Activities Jump

  17. Oil and gas developments in central and southern Africa in 1987

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hartman, J.B.; Walker, T.L.

    1988-10-01

    Significant rightholding changes took place in central and southern Africa during 1987. Angola, Benin, Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Mauritania, Seychelles, Somali Republic, Tanzania, Zaire, and Zambia announced awards or acreage open for bidding. Decreases in exploratory rightholdings occurred in Cameroon, Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Kenya, Namibia, South Africa, and Tanzania. More wells and greater footage were drilled in 1987 than in 1986. Total wells increased by 18% as 254 wells were completed compared to 217 in 1986. Footage drilled during the year increased by 46% as about 1.9 million ft were drilled compared to about 1.3 million ft in 1986. The success rate for exploration wells in 1987 improved slightly to 36% compared to 34% in 1986. Significant discoveries were made in Nigeria, Angola, Congo, and Gabon. Seismic acquisition in 1987 was the major geophysical activity during the year. Total oil production in 1987 was 773 million bbl (about 2.1 million b/d), a decrease of 7%. The decrease is mostly due to a 14% drop in Nigerian production, which comprises 60% of total regional production. The production share of OPEC countries (Nigeria and Gabon) versus non-OPEC countries of 67% remained unchanged from 1986. 24 figs., 5 tabs.

  18. Acculturation in International Development: The Peace Corps in Costa Rica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsatsoulis-Bonnekessen, Barbara

    1994-04-08

    In its thirty years of service, the Peace Corps has acquired a well founded international reputation for successful grassroots development assistance through the unpretentious lifestyle of American individuals living and ...

  19. Environmental correlates to amphibian and reptile diversity in Costa Rica 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laurencio, David Edelman

    2009-05-15

    sites in the eastern Área de Conservación Guanacaste showed rich herpetofaunal diversity and validated the newly purchased Rincón Rainforest as an important conservation area. A survey of Reserva Natural Absoluta Cabo Blanco provided a preliminary list...

  20. El éxito de la industria tabacalera en Costa Rica:

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crosbie, Eric; Sebrie, Ernesto M.; Glantz, Stanton A.

    2012-01-01

    para menores, 31 una estrategia común utilizada por lala empresa revelando la estrategia de cinco puntos de la PMIInternet de RSC, parte de su estrategia global para retrasar

  1. Costa Rica-Regional Programme for LAC: Preparation of Sectoral...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    of regional and global partners." Program Focus The program will focus on reducing poverty and inequality, strengthening democratic governance, increasing disaster preparedness...

  2. Seventh Grade Students' Perceptions of Nicaraguan Immigrants in Costa Rica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bonkiewicz, Karen

    2006-04-21

    no military establishment whatsoever; your nation has found it necessary to maintain a powerful military force . . . Let us combat war with peace. Let us combat totalitarianism with the power of democracy.”6 Democracy, freedom, and individuality... needed to suppress the frequent resistance put up by the Indians, especially the Indians on the Atlantic coast allied with the British. Thus, the second effect of the large indigenous populace was the installation of military forces to subdue...

  3. Incae Business School, Costa Rica | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas: Energy ResourcesOrder at 8, 13 (Vt. Water Res. Bd. May,InThrMa Jump to:

  4. Costa Rica-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar EnergyLawler,CoalConcordiaConsumer

  5. Costa Rica-LEDS Tier I Activities | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar EnergyLawler,CoalConcordiaConsumerLEDS Tier I Activities Jump to: navigation,

  6. Costa Rica-NREL Energy Activities | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar EnergyLawler,CoalConcordiaConsumerLEDS Tier I Activities Jump to:

  7. Gateway:América Latina | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to:ofEnia SpAFlexStock| OpenLatina Jump to: navigation, search

  8. Costa Rica-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM)

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, Alabama (Utility Company)| Open(Evans,Oregon:Volcano,CorsonCosta Mesa, California:|

  9. Incae Business School, Costa Rica | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View NewGuam:on Openei |source History ViewInQbator Jump

  10. Costa Rica-Mitigation of Greenhouse Gas Emissions through Avoided

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePower VenturesInformation EU-UNDP Climate Change Capacity

  11. Costa Rica-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePower VenturesInformation EU-UNDP Climate Change CapacityEnergy

  12. WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic 2011: Warning about the dangers of tobacco

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WHO

    2011-01-01

    Barbuda, the Bahamas, the Comoros, Cook Islands, Ecuador,African Republic Chad Comoros Congo Côte d’Ivoire DemocraticAfrican Republic Chad Comoros Congo Côte d'Ivoire Democratic

  13. WHO Technical Manual on Tobacco Tax Administration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01

    Central African Republic Chad Comoros Côte d’Ivoire Eritreaof Brazzaville (Congo), health (Comoros) Broad: health (El

  14. Summary of biomonitoring activities of the Wild Chimpanzee Foundation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Inventories and biomonitoring activities in National Parks and Protected Forests of Côte d'Ivoire and Liberia Foundation has implemented biomonitoring programs in protected areas in Côte d'Ivoire, Liberia and Guinea Park. Inventories were conducted in the Taï area between Liberia and Côte d'Ivoire to study

  15. Competing for Capital: The Diffusion of Bilateral Investment Treaties, 1960-2000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elkins, Zachary; Guzman, Andrew T; Simmons, Beth

    2006-01-01

    Greece Tunisia Togo Thailand Liberia Morocco Niger Cote d’Madagascar Rwanda Tunisia Liberia Cameroon Sri Lanka Tunisia

  16. Essays on International Trade Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfayesus, Asrat

    2013-01-01

    African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Democratic Republic of theAfrican Republic; Chad; Comoros; Republic of the Congo; Cote

  17. Acceptability of formula-feeding to prevent HIV postnatal transmission, Abidjan, Cte d'Ivoire, 01-04: ANRS 1201/1202 Ditrame-Plus Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Acceptability of formula-feeding to prevent HIV postnatal transmission, Abidjan, Côte d: Acceptability of formula feeding in Africa inserm-00177042,version1-13Jun2008 #12;3 Abstract Objective: To describe the maternal acceptability of formula-feeding proposed to reduce postnatal HIV transmission

  18. Roberta Jaffe, Founding Director, Life Lab Science Program, Co-Founder of Community Agroecology Network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farmer, Ellen

    2010-01-01

    farm of Roberto Jimenez in Agua Buena, Costa Rica. Robertosouthern Costa Rica called Agua Buena. When he finished his

  19. The distribution of dams in Costa Rica and their hydrologic impacts 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laurencio, Laura Richards

    2006-04-12

    Dam construction has increased exponentially over the past century, primarily in temperate environments. While the impacts of dams in temperate regions have been well-documented, a parallel level of research on dam impacts ...

  20. Siderophore production by heterotrophic bacterial isolates from the Costa Rica upwelling dome

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krey, Whitney B. (Whitney Blair)

    2008-01-01

    (cont) An increased understanding of heterotrophic bacterial strategies for acquiring nutrients and trace elements is critical for elucidating their impact on biogeochemical cycling in the ocean. It is estimated that iron ...

  1. AGRARIAN CHANGE, AGROECOLOGICAL TRANSFORMATION AND THE COFFEE CRISIS IN COSTA RICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Babin, Nicholas Lawrence

    2012-01-01

    Buenas tardes), mi nombre esEstoy trabajando en un estudio sobre los cambios en los medios de vida rurales y practicas agrícolas

  2. AGRARIAN CHANGE, AGROECOLOGICAL TRANSFORMATION AND THE COFFEE CRISIS IN COSTA RICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Babin, Nicholas Lawrence

    2012-01-01

    and Central America C. Bacon, V. E. Méndez, S. Gliessman, D.and Environment 74: 19-31. Bacon, C. (2005). "ConfrontingDevelopment 33(3): 497-511. Bacon, C. (2005). Small-scale

  3. A review and reappraisal of the night monkey, Aotus lemurinus (Primates: Cebidae), in Costa Rica.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Timm, Robert M.

    1988-11-01

    Los monos nocturnos del género Aotus habitan actualmente las tierras bajas de Suramérica, aunque en épocas pasadas su distribución se prolongaba hasta Isla Bastimentos, Provincia de Boca del Tore, en Panamá. EI único registro de un Aotus colectado...

  4. ATL INST, OF STAND & TECH R.I.C-A111D3 SED71b

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and Technology Telecommunications Security Guidelines for Telecommunications Management Network John Kimmins in the development of technology . . . needed to improve product quality, to modernize manufacturing processes Services · Manufacturing Extension Partnership · Standards Services · Technology Commercialization

  5. MASS MORTALITY OF SCIAENID FISHES IN THE GULF OF NICOYA, COSTA RICA'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) Sciaenidae Bairdiella armala 1 114 Cynoscion phoxocepha/us 45 54-300 C. squamipinnis 162 46-490 Isopislhus-164 S. illecebrosus 18 85-229 S. osci/ans 112 66-148 S. zeslocarus 7 89-115 Slellifer sp (undescribed) 7

  6. A Cinematic Dialogue between Nicaragua and Costa Rica: Shaping a Transnational Cinema through Filmic Exchanges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lutsch, Stacy Elaine

    2007-07-19

    This thesis focuses on the ways in which Costa Rican filmmakers and the Centro Costarricense de Producción Cinematográfica (CCPC) privileged the social documentary format of the New Latin American Cinema (NLAC) movement to critically view current...

  7. AGRARIAN CHANGE, AGROECOLOGICAL TRANSFORMATION AND THE COFFEE CRISIS IN COSTA RICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Babin, Nicholas Lawrence

    2012-01-01

    and a particular agrarian structure dominated by smallholderhave led to an agrarian class structure which lacks aof coffee sector agrarian class structures through

  8. MAXIMUM YIELD ESTIMATES FOR THE PACIFIC THREAD HERRING, OPISTHONEMA SPP., FISHERY IN COSTA RICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and standardized to account for presumed increases in fishing power and "real" fishing time (time spent searching. medirastre) are found in continental waters between northern Mexico and Peru while a fourth species (0

  9. Biogenic volatile organic compound emissions from a lowland tropical wet forest in Costa Rica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geron, C; Guenther, A; Greenberg, J; Loescher, HW; Clark, D; Baker, B

    2002-01-01

    Geophysical Research 103 (D1), Kuck, L.R. , Smith Jr. , T. ,basin (Grace et al. , 1995; Kuck et al. , 2000) but is ca. a

  10. Stanley J.; /SLAC; de Teramond, Guy F.; /Costa Rica U.; Dosch...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    lightcone - local versus global features ILight Cone 2013), 20-24 May 2013. Skiathos, Greece Medium: ED; Size: 15 pages OSTI ID: 1098095, Legacy ID: OSTI ID: 1098095...

  11. Interregional "Landscapes of Movement" and the La Unión Archaeological District of Northeastern Costa Rica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benfer, Adam Kevin

    2012-05-31

    and exploring their past functions and properties. I propose that a direct historical approach (Steward 1942; Strong 1972; Wedel 1938) or upstreaming approach (Fenton 1949, 1952) to pre-Hispanic landscapes and waterscapes of movement—one that begins... and the Antillean populations (Rodríguez Ramos 2010; Rodríguez Ramos and Pagán Jiménez 2006), I propose that a world-systems model (c.f., Wallerstein 1974) better fits the Circum- Caribbean (c.f., Steward 1963) areas which constituted the Circum-Caribbean World...

  12. Using climate policies and carbon markets to save tropical forests : the case of Costa Rica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arpels, Marisa (Marisa Carina)

    2008-01-01

    In the late 1980s and early 1990s, advocates for forest conservation thought that climate change could provide a lever to motivate developing countries to reduce deforestation. Fifteen years after the first climate change ...

  13. El panorama teatral de Costa Rica en los últimos tres años.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herzfeld, Anita; Cajiao Salas, Teresa

    1971-10-01

    . Ninguno de los hechos mencionados representa, como es lógico suponer, un desarrollo aislado que no posea una razón de ser histórico-cultural independiente y que no sea, por otra parte, resultante de factores socio-políticos y económicos. Antes bien..., Gobierno de alcoba de Samuel Rovinski, y Algo más que dos sueños de Alberto Cañas. En proporción, o sea desde su formación en 1966 hasta 1970, el "Grupo Israelita de Teatro" ha sido el grupo que más obras ha presentado. Por el momento, dicha agrupación...

  14. Packing List for Monteverde Institute Short Courses CLIMATE IN MONTEVERDE, COSTA RICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    or glasses · Sunscreen with high SPF (15 or higher) · Insect repellent · Mosquito net · Basic first aid kit

  15. Fuel Tax Incidence in Developing Countries: The Case of Costa Rica | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable Urban TransportFortistar

  16. Costa Rica-Regional Programme for LAC: Preparation of Sectoral LEDs for

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar EnergyLawler,CoalConcordiaConsumerLEDS Tier I Activities Jump to:Transport

  17. Costa Rica-UNEP Risoe Technology Needs Assessment Program | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar EnergyLawler,CoalConcordiaConsumerLEDS Tier I Activities JumpInformation

  18. Costa Rica-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, Alabama (Utility Company)| Open(Evans,Oregon:Volcano,CorsonCosta Mesa,

  19. Estadísticas de ERNC en Latinoamérica | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePowerEdisto Electric Coop,Erosion Flume Jump to: navigation,New Jersey:

  20. Gateway:América Latina/Centros Latinoamericanos | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePowerEdistoWhiskeyFootprintGEXA Corp.Information Ethanol LLCLatina/Centros

  1. Gateway:América Latina/Energías Renovables | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePowerEdistoWhiskeyFootprintGEXA Corp.Information EthanolEnergías

  2. Gateway:América Latina/Financiamiento | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePowerEdistoWhiskeyFootprintGEXA Corp.Information

  3. Gateway:América Latina/desarrollo proyectos | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePowerEdistoWhiskeyFootprintGEXA Corp.Informationtecnologías limpias

  4. Costa Rica-EC-LEDS in the Agriculture Sector | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePower Ventures

  5. Costa Rica-EU-UNDP Climate Change Capacity Building Program | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePower VenturesInformation EU-UNDP Climate Change Capacity Building Program

  6. Costa Rica-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePower VenturesInformation EU-UNDP Climate Change Capacity Building

  7. Costa Rica-The World Bank Partnership for Market Readiness (PMR) | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePower VenturesInformation EU-UNDP Climate Change CapacityEnergyEnergy

  8. NREL-Costa Rica-Energy Efficiency Workshop | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsourceII Jump to: navigation, searchsourceEnergyTexas:NGEN Partners LLCI Jump to:II

  9. Demographic and health surveys indicate limited impact of condoms and HIV testing in four African countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hearst, N; Ruark, A; Hudes, ES; Goldsmith, J; Green, EC

    2013-01-01

    contre le Sida, Côte d’Ivoire, ORC Macro. 2006. Enquête surMaryland, USA: INS and ORC Macro. Johnson LF, Hallett TB,

  10. Has Democracy Reduced Inequalities in Child Mortality? An analysis of 5 million births from 50 developing countries since 1970.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramos, Antonio Pedro

    2013-01-01

    Pakistan Paraguay Indonesia Turkey Mali Ghana Cote d IvoireKyrgyzstan Bangladesh Niger Mali Ethiopia PhilippinesBangladesh Nigeria Niger Mali Uganda Philippines Turkey

  11. Membrane Desalination of Agricultural Drainage Water: Water Recovery Enhancement and Brine Minimization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, Yoram

    2008-01-01

    Program, 2002. Desalination Demonstration Report for Buenaprior to RO membranes for surface seawater desalination,Desalination, 144 (2002) 353. P. Cote, J. Cadera, J. Coburn,

  12. Reported by African Representation of the WCF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    mainly consisted of: - several multi-media campaign tours in both the Côte d'Ivoire (CI) and Liberia), as well as the national parks and forests in Liberia (Sapo and Grebo). Specific Objective Indicator 1 by our environmental education program in the Côte d'Ivoire. With regard Liberia, a similar study has

  13. SUMMARY OF THE WCF'S BIOMONITORING ACTIVITIES IN 2009 African representation of the WCF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Studies and Biomonitoring in some National Parks and Classified Forests in Côte d'Ivoire and Liberia are conducted. Indeed, work has begun in the Sapo National Park in Liberia. All these studies aim to identify (FCGD) in Côte d'Ivoire and Liberia. 1 #12;2 2009 Summary of activities and important results 1. Taï

  14. Report on Education and Awareness Activities to improve the protection of wild chimpanzees and their habitat in West Africa,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and forests in Liberia (Sapo and Grebo), and in the mining concession of GAC in Guinea. Main activities 30 villages in front of over 25.000 spectators in Côte d'Ivoire, Liberia and Guinea during the year for the films in Côte d'Ivoire, Liberia and Guinea (Table 1). Table 1. Number of villages and spectators

  15. Bees in urban landscapes: An investigation of habitat utilization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wojcik, Victoria A.

    2009-01-01

    A common street view in Liberia, Costa Rica with T. stansa ‘shrub’ life form, Liberia, Costa Rica. Photo credit:A common street view in Liberia, Costa Rica with T. stans

  16. A new species of Ptiloglossa from Mexico, with new records of Ptiloglossa cyaniventris from Panama and Costa Rica (Hymenoptera: Colletidae)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ayala, Ricardo; Engel, Michael S.

    2014-06-30

    A new bee species of the genus Ptiloglossa Smith (Colletidae: Diphaglossinae: Caupolicanini) is described and figured from Jalisco, Mexico, while new records are provided for Ptiloglossa cyaniventris Friese from Panama and ...

  17. Neural network interpretation of LWD data (ODP Leg 170) conrms complete sediment subduction at the Costa Rica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bornholdt, Stefan

    Neural network interpretation of LWD data (ODP Leg 170) con¢rms complete sediment subduction-While-Drill- ing (LWD) geophysical data in terms of lithology using an arti¢cial neural network. In combination of the underthrust section. LWD data are measured during the drilling process at the frontal part of the drill string

  18. Marine Turtle Newsletter No. 134, 2012 -Page 21 Natal homing by an adult male green turtle at Tortuguero, Costa Rica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Florida, University of

    . SALMON and D.K. PEDERSON. 1988. Egg failure in natural and relocated turtle nests. Journal of Herpetology) sampled in the Greater Caribbean region carries just three common 490-base pair (bp) control region grounds (FitzSimmons et al. 1997); however the extent to which male natal homing occurs at other green

  19. What Difference Does it Make? The Impact of Women in Politics in Costa Rica and New Zealand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caldwell, Christina

    2010-01-01

    page=35&year=2005. Guatemala. In World Encyclopedia ofFile (Infobase Publishing). Guatemala. 2009. 2009 [cited Mayargument is that women in Guatemala will have a much harder

  20. A new species of antipatharian coral (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Antipatharia: Schizopathidae) from the Pacific coast of Costa Rica

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Opresko, Dennis M; Breedy, Odalisca

    2010-09-01

    A new species of black coral, Aphanipathes colombiana (Cnidaria:Antipatharia) from the Caribbean coast of Colombia is described. The species forms small flabellate colonies with anisomorphic polypar spines. It is morphologically similar to the western Atlantic species A. thyoides (Pourtales) but its hypostomal polypar spines are not reduced in size. The new species also resembles the Indo-Pacific species A. reticulata van Pesch but it has smooth-surfaced polypar spines, whereas in A. reticulata these spines have small tubercles on their surface

  1. The banana industry in Costa Rica: the effects of a single European market for bananas in 1992 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Esquivel, Mario

    1992-01-01

    ) given the complexities of the different issues and the number of negotiations that have been carried on. Currently, the Uruguay Round is expected to conclude by April of 1992 gust in time for the creation of the Common Market by the end of 1992.... to promote collaboration and dialogue among exporting and importing countries. 6. to guarantee fair wages and prices for workers and consumers. Currently, "Europe 1992" seems to be a dominant issue confronting the banana market. In seeking to meet its...

  2. Ecology, habitat preference, and conservation of Neotropical non-volant mammal communities in Costa Rica's Caribbean lowlands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Romero, Andrea

    2013-05-31

    result of the help, encouragement, and support provided by many people throughout my graduate career. First and foremost, I’d like to extend a most sincere thank you to my advisor, Bob Timm. Bob had the patience to teach me how to trap rodents where... vi provided advice on complex statistical matters for several projects. J. Andrew DeWoody, Anna Fahey, Nicholas Marra, Kendra Abts, and John Patton provided support for molecular studies at Purdue University, and graciously allowed me to use...

  3. Transforming and revealing a footprint of place : new National Gallery of Art Project, San Jose, Costa Rica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abbo, Mayer S

    1992-01-01

    The primary focus of this investigation is the insertion of a new piece in an environment where the natural elements of site and the man-made elements of city can begin to inform the ordering systems used in the design ...

  4. Tobacco Control Legislation in Costa Rica (1971-2012): After 40 Years of Tobacco Industry Dominance, Tobacco Control Advocacy Succeeds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crosbie, Eric MA; Sebrie, Ernesto M. MD MPH; Glantz, Stanton A. PhD

    2012-01-01

    markets of Suriname, Barbados, and a group of 21  islands, markets of Suriname, Barbados, and a group of 21  islands, 

  5. Left Behind in the Economic Crisis: Poverty Among the Elderly in Costa Rica (Translation of Spanish Version)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brenes Camacho, Gilbert

    2005-01-01

    de la Nación en Desarrollo Humano Sostenible PEN. 2002b.de la Nación en Desarrollo Humano Sostenible: Octavo Informede la Nación en Desarrollo Humano Sostenible: sétimo informe

  6. Evolution of a Humid Tropical Landscape in Northcentral Costa Rica as Deduced from Geomorphic and Pedogenic Evidence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wells, Anke Maria Neumann

    1979-01-01

    and variations in degree of soil development of associated modern and buried soils are used to determine major episodes of landscape evolution- The two lines of evidence complement each other in that pedogenic evidence permits an assessment of temporal...

  7. Gateway:América Latina/Aprender más sobre las ERNC/Construcción y

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky: Energy ResourcesMaui Area (DOEMauiWest Transmission

  8. Gateway:América Latina/Aprender más sobre las ERNC/Estudios de

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky: Energy ResourcesMaui Area (DOEMauiWest

  9. Gateway:América Latina/Aprender más sobre las ERNC/Estudios de

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky: Energy ResourcesMaui Area (DOEMauiWestIngeniería y

  10. Gateway:América Latina/Aprender más sobre las ERNC/Estudios de

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky: Energy ResourcesMaui Area (DOEMauiWestIngeniería

  11. Gateway:América Latina/Aprender más sobre las ERNC/Estudios de

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky: Energy ResourcesMaui Area

  12. Gateway:América Latina/Aprender más sobre las ERNC/Puesta en Marcha,

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky: Energy ResourcesMaui AreaOperación y

  13. Gateway:América Latina/Aprender más sobre las ERNC/Seleccion de

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky: Energy ResourcesMaui AreaOperación yWebinars/Estudios de

  14. Gateway:América Latina/Aprender más sobre las ERNC/Seleccion de

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky: Energy ResourcesMaui AreaOperación yWebinars/Estudios

  15. Gateway:América Latina/Aprender más sobre las ERNC/Seleccion de

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky: Energy ResourcesMaui AreaOperación

  16. Gateway:América Latina/Aprender más sobre las ERNC/Seleccion de

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky: Energy ResourcesMaui AreaOperaciónWebinars/Prospección y

  17. Gateway:América Latina/Aprender más sobre las ERNC/Seleccion de

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky: Energy ResourcesMaui AreaOperaciónWebinars/Prospección

  18. Gateway:América Latina/Aprender más sobre las ERNC/Seleccion de

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky: Energy ResourcesMaui

  19. Gateway:América Latina/Aprender más sobre las ERNC/Seleccion de

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky: Energy ResourcesMauiWebinars/Prospección y Estudios de

  20. Gateway:América Latina/Aprender más sobre las ERNC/Seleccion de

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainable UrbanKentucky: Energy ResourcesMauiWebinars/Prospección y Estudios

  1. Gateway:América Latina/Aprender más sobre las ERNC | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePowerEdistoWhiskeyFootprintGEXA Corp.Information Ethanol LLC

  2. Gateway:América Latina/Diseño de políticas y programas | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePowerEdistoWhiskeyFootprintGEXA Corp.Information Ethanol

  3. Gateway:América Latina/Rendimiento, costos y más información sobre las

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoopButtePowerEdistoWhiskeyFootprintGEXA Corp.Informationtecnologías limpias |

  4. Clinical Reflectance Confocal Microscope for Imaging of Oral Cancer 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jabbour, Joey

    2014-08-05

    OF PHILOSOPHY Chair of Committee, Kristen. C. Maitland Co-Chair of Committee, Javier A. Jo Committee Members, Gerard L. Cote Philip Hemmer Head of Department, Gerard L. Cote August 2014 Major Subject: Biomedical Engineering Copyright 2014... me; without her, I would not have achieved any of this today. Big thanks to my co-advisor Dr. Javier A. Jo, who has guided, helped me and always pushed me for the best. Big thanks to my committee member Dr. Gerard Cote who has generously given...

  5. WHO report on the global tobacco epidemic, 2015: Raising taxes on tobacco

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    World Health Organization

    2015-01-01

    Estimates not available Comoros adveRtIsIng bans: bans onRepublic XOF Chad ** XAF Comoros KMF Congo ** XAF CôteAfrican Republic Chad Comoros Congo Côte d'Ivoire Democratic

  6. Essays on Trade, Infrastructure, and Human Capital Outcomes in Developing Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Panda, Pallavi

    2015-01-01

    Even though, Mozambique, Liberia, Ethiopia and Cote D’IvoireRepublic of Congo, Liberia and Sierra Leone. Zimbabwe has2000 Lesotho Y October 2, 2000 Liberia Y December 29, 2006

  7. Development of Molecular Contrast in Coherence Domain Optical Imaging 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wan, Qiujie

    2012-02-14

    : Chair of Committee, Brian E. Applegate Committee Members, Alvin T. Yeh Javier Jo Jim Ji Head of Department, Gerard L. Cote December 2011 Major Subject: Biomedical Engineering iii ABSTRACT Development of Molecular Contrast in Coherence...

  8. Martes 18.02.14 l ocano no es un

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Escolano, Francisco

    costa ibé- rica (Andalucía, Asturias, An- dalucía,Levante,...);colaborar en la limpieza del medio ma

  9. MARINE MAMMAL SCIENCE, 13(2):307-3 14 (April 1997) 0 1997 by the Society for Marine Mammalogy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acevedo, Alejandro

    RESIGHTINGS AND BEHAVIOR OF FALSE KILLER WHALES (PSEUDORCA CRASSZDENS) IN COSTA RICA False killer whales

  10. The State of the World's Children 2002 THE STATE OF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Groen, Pieter

    , Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Canada, Chile, China, Comoros, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, East Timor, Ecuador

  11. THOMAS W. PEARSON Curriculum Vitae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Mingshen

    , neoliberalismo, y soberanía: la vida como espacio de lucha en Costa Rica. [Nature, Neoliberalism, and Sovereignty

  12. Ecology, 83(3), 2002, pp. 689702 2002 by the Ecological Society of America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Scott

    Selva Biological Station, Costa Rica. Diverse methods were used, including canopy fogging, Malaise traps

  13. Herramientas de Análisis e Información de Recursos Naturales...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    ricaLatinaHerramientasparadesarrollarproyectosdeERNCHerramientasdeAnlisiseInformacindeRecursosNaturales&oldid313215...

  14. Taxonomy, Phylogenetics, Comparative Morphology and Evolution of Assassin Bugs (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) With Emphasis on Harpactorinae and Peiratinae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Guanyang

    2012-01-01

    INBio: Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad; UCR: EntomologyInstituto Nacional de Biodiversidad, Costa Rica ISNB Royal

  15. NOE LOPEZ-BENITEZ 3205 28th St.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gelfond, Michael

    communication protocols. May/77-Jun/78 Instrumentation Supervisor, PEMEX, Poza Rica, Ver., Mexico. Mounting

  16. UNIVERSIT de MONTPELLIER II SCIENCES ET TECHNIQUES DU LANGUEDOC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    doctorat; Aux collègues de Pemex Exploration, secteur de Poza Rica, et particulièrement à Mario Aranda qui

  17. Un des "probl`emes plaisans et delectables" de Claude Berge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Avis, David

    - 2002) David AVIS Antoine DEZA 4 octobre 2003 R´esum´e. Dans une rubrique de la Revue Fran¸caise de n 5, consid´erons une rang´ee de carr´es align´es c^ote `a c^ote; sur n carr´es cons´ecutifs, pla Figure 1.1. Il s'agit `a chaque coup, de prendre deux jetons sur deux carr´es adjacents et de les placer

  18. Conditions and mechanism for the formation of iron-rich Montmorillonite in deep sea sediments (Costa Rica Margin): Coupling high resolution mineralogical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    samples and a chemical modeling approach to assess mineralogical reactions and pathways. Transmission code PhreeqC, using mineralogical and pore fluid compositions from sediment samples and calculated. Saponite can be iron- or magnesium-rich and has a trioctahedral structure. Each of these minerals forms

  19. New insights into the origin, transport and behavior of noble gases : examples from Monterey Bay, Costa Rica, Iceland, and the Central Indian Ridge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fueri, Evelyn

    2010-01-01

    chemical species (e.g. , methane) at the mounds in the outer fore-arc region were based on observed methane

  20. Using laboratory flow experiments and reactive chemical transport modeling for designing waterflooding of the Agua Fria Reservoir, Poza Rica-Altamira Field, Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Birkle, P.

    2009-01-01

    tratamiento requerido para el agua congénita de la Centralfor Designing Waterflooding of the Agua Fría Reservoir, Pozalong-term waterflooding at Agua Fría. Using analogous core

  1. Using laboratory flow experiments and reactive chemical transport modeling for designing waterflooding of the Agua Fria Reservoir, Poza Rica-Altamira Field, Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Birkle, P.

    2009-01-01

    11 to 48 m 3 /d]. Recently, PEMEX initiated an aggressiveand Petróleos Mexicanos (PEMEX, Subdirección Region Norte),oilfield. Thanks to the PEMEX administration for the

  2. New insights into the origin, transport and behavior of noble gases : examples from Monterey Bay, Costa Rica, Iceland, and the Central Indian Ridge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fueri, Evelyn

    2010-01-01

    Figure IV.1: Map of Iceland showing the neovolcanic zonesfluids from Iceland . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table IV.3:a palaeo-rift in northwest Iceland. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett.

  3. New insights into the origin, transport and behavior of noble gases : examples from Monterey Bay, Costa Rica, Iceland, and the Central Indian Ridge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fueri, Evelyn

    2010-01-01

    isotope disequilibrium and geochronology of glassy submarineMcDougall I. (1971) Geochronology and evolution of youngMagnetostratigraphy and geochronology of northwest Iceland.

  4. New insights into the origin, transport and behavior of noble gases : examples from Monterey Bay, Costa Rica, Iceland, and the Central Indian Ridge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fueri, Evelyn

    2010-01-01

    geochemistry applied to earthquake prediction: an overview,1984), Prediction of central California earthquakes from

  5. Haga clic aquí para obtener más información sobre América Latina

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View NewGuam: Energy Resources Jump to:Wind FarmCompanyHaddington

  6. Proceedings of the NAACL HLT 2010 Young Investigators Workshop on Computational Approaches to Languages of the Americas, pages 4045, Los Angeles, California, June 2010. c 2010 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (ICT) for Costa Rica, Brazil, Mexico and the United States both taken from the World Economic Report in higher education are found in the public insti- 40 #12;Variable Costa Rica Brazil Mexico United States

  7. AN ANALYSIS OF THE EFFECTS OF NET-CENTRIC OPERATIONS USING MULTI-AGENT ADAPTIVE BEHAVIOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tecnolog´ia (Minister of Science and Tech- nology) of Costa Rica for providing financial support. Finally

  8. WILD CHIMPANZEE FOUNDATION Volunteer Position

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    d'Ivoire, Guinea and Liberia. WCF has been in operation since 2000 for the conservation of chimpanzees and other biodiversity in West Africa. The WCF has worked on projects in Liberia since 2008, to support WCF activities in southeastern Liberia. Working with the Field Coordinator and WCF team, based

  9. International Journal of Geography and Geology, 2013, 2(1):1-13 THE REMOTE SENSING IMAGERY, NEW CHALLENGES FOR GEOLOGICAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    International Journal of Geography and Geology, 2013, 2(1):1-13 1 THE REMOTE SENSING IMAGERY, NEW CHALLENGES FOR GEOLOGICAL AND MINING MAPPING IN THE WEST AFRICAN CRATON - THE EXAMPLE OF CÔTE D'IVOIRE Gbele of the evolution on the use of remote sensing imagery for geological and mining mapping in West Africa

  10. A new mineralogical approach to predict coefficient of thermal expansion of aggregate and concrete 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neekhra, Siddharth

    2005-02-17

    TE.........................10 Gnomix pvT High Pressure Dilatometer ...............................................................17 3. CoTE LABORATORY TESTING AND MODEL DEVELOPMENT........................18 Volumetric Dilatometer Method... Expansion of Hydraulic Cement Concrete (17).............................................. 16 Figure 5 Gnomix pvT High Pressure Dilatometer (19). ............................................... 17 Figure 6 The Dilatometer Test Device...

  11. Forming the Kuiper Belt by the Outward Transport of Objects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levison, Harold F.

    Forming the Kuiper Belt by the Outward Transport of Objects During Neptune's Migration Harold F la C^ote d'Azur, Nice, France To appear in Nature #12;Page 2 The `dynamically cold Kuiper belt unless the cold Kuiper belt originally contained tens of Earth-masses of solids. While several mechanisms

  12. Algorithms for Fluorescence Lifetime Microscopy and Optical Coherence Tomography Data Analysis: Applications for Diagnosis of Atherosclerosis and Oral Cancer 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pande, Paritosh

    2014-05-16

    in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY Chair of Committee, Javier A. Jo Committee Members, Brian E. Applegate Kristen C. Maitland Byung-Jun Yoon Head of Department, Gerard L. Cote´ August 2014 Major Subject...

  13. An alise Matem atica III 1 o semestre de 2001/02

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nunes, João Pimentel

    de imediato o sabre de luz e golpeia a atmosfera: - \\Ahhh, maldito esquilo, se eu te apanho fa#24;co-te em fatias!" Acidentalmente, o sabre de luz corta a m~ao mec^anica de Luke Gaud^encio: - \\Ai! Ai o teu sabre de luz liberta, no semi-cilindro in#12;nito z > 0 e x 2 + y 2

  14. Murciélagos Neotropicales que Acampan en Hojas: Neotropical Tent-roosting Bats

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodrí guez-Herrera, Bernal; Medellin, Rodrigo A.; Timm, Robert M.

    2007-01-01

    -Herrera, R.A. Medellín, R.M. Timm Murciélagos neotropicales que acampan en hojas Neotropical tent-roosting bats INBio Inslituto Nacional de Biodiversidad COOPERAC IÓN ESPAÑOLA BERNAL RODRIGUEZ HERRERA Biólogo costarricense. Actualmente está terminando...; Robert M. Timm y Karla Barquero. - 1 ed.- Santo Domingo de Heredia, Costa Rica: Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad, INBio, 2007. 184 p.: Lis.; 15x23 cm ISBN 978-9968-927-28-4 1. Murciélagos 2. Costa Rica 3. Biodiversidad. 4. Mamiferos-Costa Rica I...

  15. A Review of the World Bank Forest Carbon Partnership Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    This working paper includes new analyses of the six R-PPs recently submitted by Argentina, Costa Rica, Kenya, Nepal, Republic of Congo and Tanzania for formal consideration...

  16. Fermilab Today

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Mr. Castillo-Veremis; Javier Rojas Viquez (Costa Rica); Marcelo Suarez Salvia (Argentina); Lilian Colsant (Brazil). Back row, from left: Juan Estrada (Fermilab); Jose...

  17. Carlos R. Montalto Cruz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-03-21

    Jun 2008 Abroad Fellowship for University Scholars from Universidad de Costa Rica. Jan 2004 Honorary Fellowship at ... Publications. [1] C. Montalto and P.

  18. Capital flows: Catalyst or Hindrance to economic takeoffs?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aizenman, Joshua; Sushko, Vladyslav

    2011-01-01

    in Australia and in 1983 in Comoros. As results reported inCongo, Republic of Colombia Comoros Cape Verde Costa Rica

  19. Edinburgh Research Explorer Citation for published version

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Millar, Andrew J.

    process, corruption or presidential manoeuvering. The progressive march of women's football offers confederations have qualified for the event in Canada: USA, Costa Rica, Mexico, Colombia, Ecuador, Brazil

  20. Teaching Statement Gabriel Sosa To me, the spirit of education is ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-05

    team at the OIM 2000 and 2001 improved considerably, thus prompting Costa Rica to ... school that was establishing their middle/high school program. The eight ...

  1. TITLE AUTHORS SUBJECT SUBJECT RELATED DESCRIPTION PUBLISHER AVAILABILI...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Baryon Spectrum from Superconformal Quantum Mechanics and its Light Front Holographic Embedding de Teramond Guy F Costa Rica U Dosch Hans Gunter U Heidelberg ITP Brodsky Stanley J...

  2. "Title","Creator/Author","Publication Date","OSTI Identifier...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Baryon Spectrum from Superconformal Quantum Mechanics and its Light-Front Holographic Embedding","de Teramond, Guy F.; Costa Rica U.; Dosch, Hans Gunter; U. Heidelberg, ITP;...

  3. Albania-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  4. Jamaica-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  5. Georgia-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  6. South Africa-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  7. Serbia-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  8. Malawi-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  9. Guatemala-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  10. Indonesia-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  11. Thailand-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  12. Vietnam-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  13. Zambia-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  14. Colombia-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  15. Malaysia-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  16. Moldova-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  17. Kazakhstan-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  18. Philippines-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the...

  19. Legal and Economic Factors Determining Success and Failure in the Fight against Organized Crime: An Empirical Assessment of the Palermo Convention

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buscaglia, Edgardo

    2008-01-01

    Islami Slovak Repub India Barbados Andora Estonia NauruThailand Costa Rica Italy Barbados Slovak Andora India RepubIslami India Slovak Repub Barbados Estonia Belgium Oman

  20. SIT Workshops 1995 2011 Page 1 of 17

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , MD General Standards and Conformity Assessment Antigua & Barbuda Bahamas Barbados Dominica Grenada Barbados Belize Bolivia Chile Colombia Costa Rica Dominica Ecuador El Salvador Grenada Guatemala Guyana

  1. Mayors, Markets and Municipal Reform: The Politics of Water Delivery in Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herrera, Veronica Maria Sol

    2011-01-01

    Rica was founded as a PEMEX oil town in 1951, a conditionyears of oil extraction, PEMEX provided employment forimportant city for the PRI. PEMEX actually constructed the

  2. Empowering Women: The Role of Economic Development, Political Culture and Institutional Design in the World’s Societies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander, Amy C.

    2007-01-01

    women’s empowerment while Croatia, Greece, the Philippines,African Republic, Chile, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech. Republic,Chile Colombia, Costa Rica, Croatia Cyprus, Czech. Republic,

  3. WINTER 2014 Sustainability and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stephens, Graeme L.

    WINTER 2014 Sustainability and Renewable Energy in Costa Rica January 4 - 14 Dr. James Hoffmann, Program Director Lecturer Sustainability Studies Program E-511 Melville Library Stony Brook, NY 11794 sustainability and renewable energy. Students will spend 11 days in Costa Rica to participate in site visits

  4. 2014 STUDY ABROAD FAIR RSVP list as of 8/14/14

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Politics and Aboriginal Culture Institute of International Health AUSTRALIA/UNSW Summer Program ­ Energy/Internships in Toronto CHINA/Business Studies at the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology CHINA/City University of Hong Kong CHINA/Internships in China CHINA/Marketing in China COSTA RICA/Costa Rica: Development

  5. J. Blunden, D. S. Arndt, and M. O. Baringer, Eds. Associate Eds. H. J. Diamond, A. J. Dolman, R. L. Fogt, B. D. Hall, M. Jeffries, J. M. Levy,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jose, Costa Rica Allan, Robert J., Met Office Hadley Centre, Exeter, Devon, United Kingdom Alves Alfaro, Eric J., Center for Geophysical Research and School of Physics, University of Costa Rica, San, Lincoln, CPTEC/Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE), São Paulo, Brazil Amador, Jorge A

  6. S2 | JUly 2012 STATE OF THE CLIMATE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Camargo, Suzana J.

    Research and School of Physics, University of Costa Rica, San Jose, Costa Rica Allan, Rob, Met Office Hadley Centre, Exeter, United Kingdom Alves, Lincoln M., Centro de Ciencias do Sistema Terrestre (CCST), Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE), Cachoeira Paulista, Sao Paulo, Brazil Amador, Jorge A

  7. Special Supplement to the Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , University of Costa Rica, San José, Costa Rica Allan, Rob, Met Office Hadley Centre, Exeter, United Kingdom Alves, Lincoln M., Centro de Ciencias do Sistema Terrestre (CCST), Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE), Cachoeira Paulista, Sao Paulo, Brazil Amador, Jorge A., Center for Geophysical Research

  8. SPECIALSECTION BIOTROPICA 36(1): 4051 2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harms, Kyle E.

    State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70803-1715, U.S.A. Jennifer S. Powers Dept. of Ecology Neotropical forests: La Selva, Costa Rica (LS), Barro Colorado Island, Panama (BCI), Cocha Cashu, Peru (CC, Costa Rica (LS), Isla de Barro Colorado, Panama´ (BCI), Cocha Cashu, Peru´ (CC), y al norte de Manaus

  9. Genetic Variation and Population Structure in Native Americans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jakobsson, Mattias

    Gene´tica Molecular, Universidad de Antioquia, Medelli´n, Colombia, 7 Center for Neurobehavioral´a, Universidad de Costa Rica, San Jose´, Costa Rica, 15 Departamento de Gene´tica, Instituto de Biocie^ncias, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, 16 Departamento de Gene´tica

  10. Detection of Atherosclerotic Coronary Plaques by Fluorescence Lifetime Imaging Angioscopy 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Patrick A.

    2010-10-12

    of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Approved by: Chair of Committee, Javier Jo Committee Members, Fred Clubb Kristen Maitland Head of Department, Gerard Cote... of Advisory Committee: Dr. Javier Jo Vulnerable plaque is a clinically silent condition of atherosclerotic plaque that leaves a large number of patients at risk of a coronary event. A method to detect vulnerable atherosclerotic plaque would greatly...

  11. Wide Area Thermal Processing of Light Emitting Materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duty, Chad E; Joshi, Pooran C; Jellison Jr, Gerald Earle; Angelini, Joseph Attilio; Sabau, Adrian S

    2011-10-01

    Laboratory laser materials synthesis of wide bandgap materials has been successfully used to create white light emitting materials (LEMs). This technology development has progressed to the exploration on design and construction of apparatus for wide area doping and phase transformation of wide bandgap material substrates. The objective of this proposal is to develop concepts for wide area doping and phase transformation based on AppliCote Associates, LLC laser technology and ORNL high density pulsed plasma arc technology.

  12. Training agricultural scientists at the International Center for the Improvement of Maize and Wheat 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cote?, Michael E.

    1986-01-01

    agricultural production" (World Food Conference, 1974). At a meeting of the Technical Advisory Committee (TAC) of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) held at CIMMYT in Mexico during October, 1975, the consensus of those...TRAINING AGRICULTURAL SCIENTISTS AT THE INTERNATIONAL CENTER FOR THE IMPROVEMENT OF MAIZE AND WHEAT A PROFESSIONAL PAPER by Michael E. Cote Submitted to the College of Agriculture of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment...

  13. Biodiversity and Conservation ISSN 0960-3115

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laval, Université

    experiment was established in partly harvested forests on Anticosti Island (Quebec, Canada), we evaluated-Produits forestiers Anticosti, Universite´ Laval, Que´bec, Que´bec G1V 0A6, Canada e-mail: Christian.E.P.S., Stn. Sainte-Foy, 10380, Que´bec, Que´bec G1V 4C7, Canada S. D. Co^te´ Centre d'e´tudes nordiques

  14. Central American resource studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Van Eeckhout, E.; Laughlin, A.W.

    1989-01-01

    Los Alamos National Laboratory has been working with five Central American countries to assist in the development of their energy and mineral resources. Since 1985, mineral resources in Costa Rica, peat resources in Costa Rica and Panama, geothermal energy resources in Honduras and Guatemala, and geothermal field development in El Salvador and Costa Rica have been topics of study. This paper presents an overview of this work -- within these proceedings are papers that deal with specific aspects of each topic, and these will be duly noted. 15 refs., 4 figs.

  15. Obituary: In Memoriam: William I. Oliver

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1995-04-01

    Universidad de Chile, la Escuela de Arte Teatral de México y la Universidad de Puebla, en la Compañía Nacional de Teatro de Costa Rica, en la Escuela de Artes Dramáticas y el Teatro Universitario de la Universidad de Costa Rica. De su producción dramática..., Giraudoux, Arthur Schnitzler, Noel Coward, Eugene O'Neill, Somerset Maugham, Chejov, Moliere y Peter Weiss. Bill Oliver falleció mientras era profesor visitante en la Escuela de Artes Dramáticas de la Universidad de Costa Rica y dirigía el montaje, para...

  16. A Bayesian Approach to Approximating Onshore Ocean Wave Models with First Person Blog Reports

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zordan, Victor

    sensor locations. (Below) Zoomed map of Costa Rica. Locations are: (1) Una Loa Resort, (2) Liberia, (3 Liberia Air Temperature (LT) 2 Liberia Dew Point (LD) 2 Liberia Wind Speed (LS) 2 Puerto Limon Air

  17. Social Mobility, Normlessness and Powerlessness in Two Cultural Contexts 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simpson, Miles

    2015-08-06

    Nation Study, a coordi­ nated research project conducted in the United States, Mexico, Costa Rica, Finland and Japan. For this analysis Finland and Japan were dropped. Both the United States and the Costa Rican samples were national proba­ bility samples...

  18. A proposed framework for harmonization of the veterinary medicine curriculum in Latin America 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ortega Meyer, Bruno de Jesus

    2009-05-15

    review and responses obtained from interviews with 25 veterinarians selected from Argentina (3), Bolivia (2), Chile (3), Colombia (2), Costa Rica (3), Guatemala (2), Mexico(6), and Peru (4). Several techniques were used to complement the research, among...

  19. Festival Report: II Taller Centroamericano y del Caribe: Guatemala

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bravo-Elizondo, Pedro

    1991-10-01

    Ricardo 152 LATIN AMERICAN THEATRE REVIEW Mendoza, salvadoreño radicado en Costa Rica; Maquillaje, por Damián Félix, panameño y finalmente Danza Teatro por María Méndez quien trabaja en Grecia, pero está de asueto en Guatemala. Hubo diferentes paneles...

  20. Using lightweight unmanned aerial vehicles to monitor tropical forest recovery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zahawi, RA; Dandois, JP; Holl, KD; Nadwodny, D; Reid, JL; Ellis, EC

    2015-01-01

    Schiffman, R. , 2014. Drones ?ying high as new tool for ?eldS.A. , 2012. Dawn of drone ecology: low-cost autonomousCanopy structure Costa Rica Drone Ecosynth Hexacopter LiDAR

  1. Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casillas, Christian E.

    2012-01-01

    House, D.  W.  (2006).  Biogas Handbook.  Alternative House term operation of a  small biogas/diesel dual?fuel engine generation with  biogas in Costa Rica.  Retrieved from 

  2. Kinship, Class, and Community

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    White, Douglas R.

    2011-01-01

    L. A. , and D. R. White Class, property and structuralApproaches to Social Class: An Empirical Investigation. PhDSociometric analysis of class status in rural Costa Rica?A

  3. Newcomers Coffee 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2011-08-17

    In the Central Valley of Costa Rica in the Department of Heredia, I investigated the soil chemical properties and microbial communities under four native shade tree species in a coffee agroforestry system. In the second year of the study, Effective...

  4. Toward resolving stable high-resolution kinematic rupture models of large earthquakes by joint inversion of seismic, geodetic and tsunami observations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yue, Han

    2014-01-01

    Costa Rica convergent margin, offshore Nicoya Peninsula, J.Results, 4/11/2012 (Mw8.6) offshore Sumatra, Indonesia.Ito et al. , 2011a). Offshore observations of seafloor

  5. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 34(3): 274277, 2003 Copyright 2003 by American Association of Zoo Veterinarians

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muehlenbein, Michael

    Costa Rica,21 Costa Rican squirrel monkeys (Saimiri oerstedi),1 free-ranging Cayo Santiago rhesus to the North by a major river, the Onilahy, and about 20 km to the South by deforested land in the vicinity

  6. Mayo 2014 Dr. Ing. Anibal Cofone anibalcofone@gmail.com Pgina 1 de 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cortiñas, Guillermo

    Latinoamérica", JICA, Gob. Japón Secundario 1978 Técnico Mecánico ENET N°1 "OttoKrause",1978, Bs As. b. Docencia

  7. TITLE AUTHORS SUBJECT SUBJECT RELATED DESCRIPTION PUBLISHER AVAILABILI...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Modified Anti de Sitter Metric Light Front Quantized QCD and Conformal Quantum Mechanics Dosch Hans Gunter U Heidelberg ITP Brodsky Stanley J SLAC de Teramond Guy F Costa Rica U...

  8. Info Cubic International Search Pricing and Availability Last Updated: 6/17/2013 ISO 9001:2008 Certified; Quality You Can Trust

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Info Cubic International Search Pricing and Availability Last Updated: 6/17/2013 ISO 9001 records are searched. Source Description Australia Australia (Federal Police Certificate)* Criminal search Costa Rica Israel Italy Italy (Police Certificate)* Japan Nationwide court records. Tribunale Court

  9. Gobiesox strumosus TCWC 16774.03 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Conway, K.W.

    2015-05-04

    , Vikram Sridhar, and Rica Zhang ? “Modeling Weather Sensitive Loads in Paint Booths: An Engineering Analysis of a General Motors Assembly Plant” • Jingwei Deng, Josh Laveman, Katie MacAdam, and Kunyao Yu ? “Development of Statistical Energy Analysis...

  10. Impacts of Biofuel Production and Navigation Impediments on Agricultural Transportation and Markets 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmedov, Zafarbek

    2013-08-22

    , Paraguay, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, South Africa, Uganda, Ukraine, Uruguay Excess Demand Regions (Importing Countries) Bangladesh, Barbados, Belgium, Bosnia Herzegovina, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Denmark, Ecuador, Egypt, France...

  11. Three Essays On Agricultural and Forestry Offsets In Climate Change Mitigation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feng, Siyi

    2012-07-16

    , New Caledonia, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Vanuatu 17 RCAM Antigua Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras...

  12. Systematics of the Bufo Valliceps Group (Anura: Bufonidae) of Middle America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mendelson, Joseph R. III

    1997-05-06

    A phylogenetic analysis of morphological characters revealed that the species content of the Bufo valliceps group is limited to eight species (two of them new) occurring between the southern United States and Costa Rica. ...

  13. Subduction dynamics at the middle America trench : new constraints from swath bathymetry, multichannel seismic data, and ¹?Be

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kelly, Robyn K

    2003-01-01

    The cosmogenic radionuclide ¹?Be is a unique tracer of shallow sediment subduction in volcanic arcs. The range in ¹?Be enrichment in the Central American Volcanic Arc between Guatemala and Costa Rica is not controlled by ...

  14. Novel Application of Metering Pump on Diesel Aftertreatment

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Guyan a The Bahamas Cuba Dominican Republic Panama Costa Rica Nicaragu a Honduras Guatemala El Salv ador T rinidad and Tobag o Jam. Haiti Puerto Rico (US) Greenland (Den.)...

  15. The Rise of Outsiders in Latin America, 1980-2010: an Institutionalist Perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carreras, Miguel

    2012-01-01

    Party system collapse in Venezuela and Peru. Latin AmericanHawkins, K. A. (2010). Venezuela’s chavismo and populism inColombia, Costa Rica, and Venezuela) and have much higher

  16. Hugo Chávez and The Impact of Socialismo del Siglo XXI 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leist, Derek 1990-

    2011-07-20

    Party ALBA La Alternativa Bolivariana Para las Am?ricas - Bolivarian Alternative for Latin America and the Caribbean Al? Presidente Hello President Asamblea Nacional National Assembly Chavistas Supporters of President Hugo Ch... to unorthodox partnerships with countries like Iran, Russia, and China to fund and supply public works programs in Venezuela. Most importantly, la Alternativa Bolivariana Para las Am?ricas (ALBA), the alternative international system to the US backed Free...

  17. Water Conservation in Southern Great Plains Wheat Production. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Finnell, H. H. (Henry Howard)

    1944-01-01

    .Iculated effect of other factors was eliminated it was 2.62 bushels ch. INCHES OF JULY RAINFALL PREVIOUS TO SOWING *lnd~cotes number of f~elds averaged In each group F= Vanance Ratio. - 10 5q* the ca per in 85# .SO-1.50 1.51-2.50 2.51-3.50 14... BUSHELS PER F = 9.05 0-40 50-80 90-100 PERCENT OF FIELD AREA AFFECTED BY WlND EROSION *Indrcates number of f~elds overaged In each group F = Var~ance Ratio. factor on lands where water conservation practices were used, probably due to an apparent...

  18. Development of an automated optical system for corneal birefringence characterization 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Satheesan, Bhavana

    2000-01-01

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103 LIST OF TABLES TABLE Page 2. 1 Stokes vectors for some polarization states. 2. 2 Mueller matrices of a few optical elements. . 26 ??30 2. 3 Refractive indices of a few uniaxial birefringent crystals at X= 589. 3 nm 34 4. 1 Representation... of the eye as a potential test site [16-22]. Cote, et al. [18], further improved the sensitivity of the system by developing an open-loop phase technique and theoretically accounted for the possible noise sources in the in vivo system. In 1992, Goetz et al...

  19. Application for Presidential Permit OE Docket No. PP-371 Northern Pass:

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n c i p a l De p u t yWasteComments from Lorna Rose |Comments from Robert Cote

  20. El otono del patriarca by Gabriel Garcia Marquez: the archetype of the caudillo 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Dana Edward

    1979-01-01

    inquiete po" su contenido politico y social, sino por su poder de pene- tracion en la realidad; y mejor adn si es capaz de voltear ?18 la realidad a revels para mostrar camo es del otro lado. " George McMurray, in his analysis of Garcia Mdrquez and his...-342. Chester C. Christian, Jr. , "Realidad y fantasia: Sociologia de la novela actual en Hispanoam5rica, " MSS, draft, p. 14. Robert G. Mead, Jr. , "After the Boom, " Am5ricas, 30, No. 4, p. 7. 7 Jaime Mejia Duque, El otono del patriarca o crisis de la...

  1. Geothermal activities in Central America

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Whetten, J.T.; Hanold, R.J.

    1985-09-11

    The Agency for International Development is funding a new program in energy and minerals for Central America. Geothermal energy is an important component. A country-wide geothermal assessment has started in Honduras, and other assessment activities are in progress or planned for Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, and Panama. Instrumentation for well logging has been provided to Costa Rica, and a self-contained logging truck will be made available for use throughout Central America. An important objective of this program is to involve the private sector in resource development. 4 refs., 3 figs.

  2. Procedures in statistical design and analysis of variance 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGarrah, James Eugene

    1957-01-01

    tececcsee the mcasstcd~ ke Cbe ~tccs et tceatesset e18scNe, If tbece je csep dcsssht ee te the cceL(tscss4+ ef Chse sseehwaec a ccektahwe teecsaAcsaeeQcsss M the ?ssrhAhse scLII hc xeqsChw4i The fe&garJg ~cecW4one haec heee fee@ ccyyltealde Ss the eae4... stecclyeLat ef ths ecetislcLcclae) ks me of eeyhAo cecclceclsatioc4, The cc~xiosgisas ef ths teeehewct(s) ace ssetts?eL eeoc a Icccge esca. ke8 hghkarc tbie io tbo seat CCCLL?faotsef CCCCh?CL gf Cheee ie CeC ysrtieAg ceases foe Nme Cote of grcscggcg...

  3. Development of Carbon Based optically Transparent Electrodes from Pyrolyzed Photoresist for the Investigation of Phenomena at Electrified Carbon-Solution Interfaces

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sebastian Donner

    2007-12-01

    The work presented herein describes a fundamental investigations of carbon as electrode material by using the pyrolysis of photoresist to create an optically transparent material. The development of these carbon-based optically transparent electrodes (C-OTEs) enables investigations of molecular interactions within the electrical double layer, processes that are central to a wide range of important phenomena, including the impact of changes in the surface charge density on adsorption. The electrochemical importance of carbon cannot be understated, having relevance to separations and detection by providing a wide potential window and low background current in addition to being low cost and light weight. The interactions that govern the processes at the carbon electrode surface has been studied extensively. A variety of publications from the laboratories of McCreery and Kinoshita provide in depth summaries about carbon and its many applications in electrochemistry. These studies reveal that defects, impurities, oxidation, and a variety of functional groups create adsorption sites on carbon surfaces with different characteristics. The interest in C-OTEs was sparked by the desire to study and understand the behavior of individual molecules at electrified interfaces. It draws on the earlier development of Electrochemically Modulated Liquid Chromatography (EMLC), which uses carbon as the stationary phase. EMLC takes advantage of changing the applied potential to the carbon electrode to influence the retention behavior of analytes. However, perspectives gained from, for example, chromatographic measurements reflect the integrated response of a large ensemble of potentially diverse interactions between the adsorbates and the carbon electrode. Considering the chemically and physically heterogeneous surface of electrode materials such as glassy carbon, the integrated response provides little insight into the interactions at a single molecule level. To investigate individual processes, they have developed C-OTEs in order to couple electrochemistry with single molecule spectroscopy (SMS). Like EMLC, the novel merger of SMS with electrochemistry is a prime example of how a hybrid method can open new and intriguing avenues that are of both fundamental and technological importance. They show that by taking the benefits of total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy (TIRFM) and incorporating carbon as electrode material observations central to the interactions between single DNA molecules and an electrified carbon surface can be delineated. Using TIRFM while applying a positive potential to the electrode, individual molecules can be observed as they reversibly and irreversibly adsorb to the carbon surface. The positive potential attracts the negatively charged DNA molecules to the electrode surface. Dye labels on the DNA within the evanescent wave are excited and their fluorescence is captured by an intensified charge coupled device (ICCD) camera. Results are therefore presented regarding the interactions of {lambda}-DNA, 48,502 base pairs (48.5 kbp), HPV-16, 7.9 kbp, and 1 kbp fraction of pBR322 DNA. In addition to the influence of molecular size on adsorption, the fabrication, characterization, and more conventional spectroelectrochemical applications of these novel C-OTEs are presented.

  4. ARGENTINA (11) AUSTRALIA (158)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Riser, Stephen C.

    ARGENTINA (11) AUSTRALIA (158) BRAZIL (7) CANADA (100) CHILE (8) CHINA (11) COSTA RICA (0) ECUADOR) European Union (36) Netherlands (18) Argentina (11) China (11) Chile (8) New Zealand (9) Norway (7) Brazil MAURITIUS A U S T R A L I A NORWAY U.K. IRELAND SPAIN ARGENTINA CHILE NEW ZEALAND GERMANY FRANCE PACIFIC

  5. Energy Transition Initiative: Island Energy Snapshot - San Andres and Providencia (Fact Sheet); NREL(National Renewable Energy Laboratory)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2015-03-01

    This profile provides a snapshot of the energy landscape of the Archipelago of San Andres, Providencia, and Santa Catalina (unpopulated), also known as San Andres and Providencia, which is equidistant between Costa Rica and Jamaica and 775 kilometers northwest of Colombia. The archipelago is part of Colombia, though Nicaragua has also laid claim to it.

  6. This article appeared in a journal published by Elsevier. The attached copy is furnished to the author for internal non-commercial research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schweik, Charles M.

    cases authors are permitted to post their version of the article (e.g. in Word or Tex form here reproduction-related observations made on an adult female jaguar captured, radio-collared is located in the western half of the Osa Peninsula on the southern, Pacific Ocean side of Costa Rica (81290

  7. Sheet Number Edition Sheet Name NB 51-2 1 KABASALAN, PHILIPPINES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shoubridge, Eric

    Sheet Number Edition Sheet Name NB 51-2 1 KABASALAN, PHILIPPINES NB 51-3 1 COTABATO, PHILIPPINES NB 51-8 1 RAJAH BUAYAN CITY, PHILIPPINES NB 51-9 1 SIASI, PHILIPPINES NB 52-1 1 BAGANGA, PHILIPPINES NC 16-8 1 LIBERIA, COSTA RICA; NICARAGUA NC 16-12 1 PUNTARENAS, COSTA

  8. Energy and development in Central America. Volume I: Regional assessment. Final report October 1979-February 1980

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Park, W.; Neves, C.; Trehan, R.; Ackerman, E.; Gallagher, W.

    1980-02-01

    This report presents an energy assessment of six Central American countries - Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama - to assist these countries in defining, planning, and meeting energy requirements implicit in their economic and social development goals and also to assist the U.S. Agency for International Development and other development organizations in defining energy programs in Central America.

  9. Foreign Fishery Developments Foreign Fishing Policies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Some countries (Ecua- dor, Guatemala, and Uruguay) require foreign fishermen to appoint a local agent, Guatemala, Mexico, Nicaragua, Pan- ama, and Peru). 2) Require foreign companies to form joint ventures are fished by domestic fishermen. Several countries (Costa Rica2 , Ecuador, Guatemala, and Peru) grant

  10. CRC handbook of agricultural energy potential of developing countries. Volume I

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duke, J.A.

    1986-01-01

    The contents of this book are: Introduction, Argentina, Bangladesh, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Bourkina (Upper Volta), Brazil, Burma, Burundi, Cameroon, Chad, Chile, Columbia, Costa Rica, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Ethiopia, French Guiana, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Jamaica, Appendix I. Conventional and Energetic Yields, Appendix II, Phytomass Files, and References.

  11. Energy and development in Central America. Volume II: Country assessments. Final report October 1979-February 1980

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Park, W.; Neves, C.; Trehan, R.; Ackerman, E.; Gallagher, W.

    1980-03-01

    This report presents an energy assessment of six Central American countries - Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama - to assist these countries in defining, planning, and meeting energy requirements implicit in their economic and social development goals and also to assist the U.S. Agency for International Development and other development organizations in defining energy programs in Central America.

  12. Energy and development in Central America. Volume I: regional assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Park, W.; Neves, C.; Trehan, R.; Ackerman, E.; Gallagher, W.

    1980-02-01

    This report presents an energy assessment of six Central American countries - Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama - to assist these countries in defining, planning, and meeting energy requirements implicit in their economic and social development goals and also to assist the U.S. Agency for International Development and other development organizations in defining energy programs in Central America.

  13. Boletn Sociedad Entomolgica Aragonesa, n 44 (2009) : 5361. BUBISCUS, UN GNERO NUEVO NEOTROPICAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Scott

    2009-01-01

    métodos de "fogging" y trampa Malaise, y como parte del proyecto de Artrópodos de La Selva, en varias localidades de la provincia de Heredia, en Costa Rica. Las plantas a las cuales se aplicó el "fogging" fueron, Chrysomelidae, Alticinae, nuevo género, nueva especie, "fogging" del dosel forestal, proyecto ALAS, Neotrópico

  14. El criollo viejo en la trilogía rural de Florencio Sánchez: Perspectivas de un ocaso

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rojas, Santiago

    1980-10-01

    injusticia y la desidia personal. Por el contrario, don Olegario es un gaucho que posee una rica y próspera estancia, circunstancia que le permite, tanto a él como a su familia, una cómoda situación económica. A pesar de esta holgura material, el acomodado...

  15. ISSN 0036-4665 ISSN 1678-9946 on line

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tomberlin, Jeff

    Ferreira (S. Paulo, SP) Dalton L. F. Alves (Belo Horizonte, MG) Eridan Coutinho (Recife, PE) Ernesto Hofer Wen (S. Paulo, SP) Fernando A. Corrêa (S. Paulo, SP) Fernando Montero-Gei (San José, Costa Rica) Flair) José Eduardo Levi (S. Paulo, SP) José M. R. Zeitune (Campinas, SP) Julia Maria Costa-Cruz (Uberlândia

  16. Africa N. of visitors Asia N. of visitors Latin America N. of visitors Morocco 81 India 367 Argentina 142

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Africa N. of visitors Asia N. of visitors Latin America N. of visitors Morocco 81 India 367 Argentina 142 South Africa 69 Iran 201 Mexico 126 Nigeria 65 Pakistan 140 Brazil 120 Egypt in LDCs in Africa Algeria 50 Korea Rep. 34 Costa Rica 44 16 from rest of Africa Ghana 37

  17. Fluid origins, paths, and fluid-rock reactions at convergent margins, using halogens, Cl stable isotopes, and alkali metals as geochemical tracers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wei, Wei

    2007-01-01

    20-40 mm/yr and the geothermal gradient is high, ~110°C/km,is 85 mm/yr and the geothermal gradient is ~10°C/km (TableRica subduction zone, the geothermal gradient is low and

  18. PlantandSoil 166:193-202,1994. @ 1994KluwerAcademicPublishers.PrintedintheNetherlands.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cirpka, Olaf Arie

    are located in the perhumid Atlantic lowlands of northern Costa Rica (10° 15~N- 11°00'N and 84°00'E - 85°00'E of exchangeable A1 (up to 80%). Leaf analysis revealed that Cordia is a highly demanding species in respect annum (Hartshorn, 1982) because of the high national demand for timber and arable land. Consequently

  19. Subjects: Trematoda and Trematode Diseases, Part 12: Hosts: Genera M-Z 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doss, Mildred A.; Farr, Marion M.

    1969-01-01

    . arenicolor detected in the foothills of the Sierra Rica at Las Pilas, are the first documented accounts of this species from the area. During the surveys along the Rio Grande I collected R. berlandieri, B. speciosus, B. punctatus, and Rana catesbeiana...

  20. Mycologia, 95(2), 2003, pp. 294307. 2003 by The Mycological Society of America, Lawrence, KS 66044-8897

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zealand, Portugal (on the mainland and Azores and Madeira islands), Spain (on the mainland and Canary Is; Hawaii; Por- tugal, including the Madeira Islands; and South Af- rica. Botryosphaeria ribis- cific islands (Rebelo 1995). Proteaceae as cut flowers are valued in international markets. Consequently

  1. 1 INTRODUCTION Numerical methods have been recently applied for back and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hack, Robert

    ) with nearby rock-soil signals as well as vertical arrays. Strong amplifications have been measured in some effects of topography and geology. The site is located in a highly seismic region of Costa Rica. 2 with a transitional weathering profile towards a saprolitic type of material on top. This project is located

  2. The Queen's Emergency Support Program Off-Campus Activity Safety Policy (OCASP)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fletcher, Robin

    Dominic attempted to capture the political situation in Ghana. SMART CHOICES? Other choices... In April buildings and individuals) - Bolivia - Burma - Burkina Faso - Cambodia - Cameroon - China - Costa Rica as a Canadian when he went back to his other home. He didn't. SMART CHOICES? Keep in mind... Dual citizenship

  3. Increasing Communications Security through Protocol Parameter Diversity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Mexico, University of

    of the protocol more difficult to predict. This form of diversity is designed to mitigate the shrew attack [16 Rica, 2060 gbarrantes@ecci.ucr.ac.cr and Stephanie Forrest University of New Mexico, Department. Recently, several projects have addressed the problem of widely replicated attacks through a technique

  4. Abstract -The world has become information and technology dependent. The use of Information Technology is an effective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , with the degree of success being directly proportional to stra- tegic investments in science, technology, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Paraguay Católica do Rio Grande do Sul (Porto Alegre, Brazil) Mauro Miskulin Facultade de Engenharia Eléctrica

  5. Using lightweight unmanned aerial vehicles to monitor tropical forest Rakan A. Zahawi a,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellis, Erle C.

    Using lightweight unmanned aerial vehicles to monitor tropical forest recovery Rakan A. Zahawi a from lightweight unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) are a cost-effective substitute for tradi- tional field Rica. Ecosynth methods combine aerial images from consumer-grade digital cameras with com- puter vision

  6. San Jose Accord: energy aid or petroleum-marketing strategy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1982-09-30

    The San Jose Accord was signed in San Jose, Costa Rica on August 3, 1980 by the Presidents of Venezuela and Mexico, whereby the two countries mutually committed to supply the net imported domestic oil consumption of several Central American and Caribbean countries. Countries initially participating in the program are: Barbados, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Jamaica, Nicaragua, and Panama. Seven eastern Caribbean countries were to meet on October 7 to petition for inclusion in the Accord, namely: Antigua, St. Kitt/Nevis, Montserrat, Dominica, St. Lucia, St. Vincent, and Grenada. The official language of the Accord is presented, and the operative status of the Accord two years after signing is discussed. Specific briefs about some of the individual countries in the Accord are included. The fuel price/tax series for the Western Hemisphere countries is updated.

  7. Usina do Trabalho do Ator: um teatro canibal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Icle, Gilberto

    1999-10-01

    FALL 1999 97 Usina do Trabalho do Ator: um teatro canibal Gilberto lele O grupo Usina do Trabalho do Ator é um teatro-laboratório que vem trabalhando desde 1992, em Porto Alegre, estado do Rio Grande do Sul, no Brasil. O trabalho concentra... característico à arte produzida no Brasil. Somos um país gigantesco, descendemos de várias e ricas nações, possuímos manifestações culturais e folclóricas das mais diversas, talvez a aceitação desta diversidade seja nossa característica. Contudo...

  8. Latin American Theatre Review, Volume 35, Number 1: Book Reviews

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2001-10-01

    rica y prolífica producción que extiende desde la obra inédita Los dos mundos de Alberta (1946) hasta 1967. Este orden cronológico permite apreciar la evolución de Carballido dentro de los distintos géneros literarios y al mismo tiempo la abundancia..., los premios y los títulos de las traducciones. Además, cada ficha incluye un 162 LATIN AMERICAN THEATRE REVIEW resumen bastante completo de la obra, junto con una descripción del contexto ambiental y un comentario en el que la autora ofrece datos...

  9. MDULO MATERIA CURSO SEMESTRE CRDITOS TIPO Formacin Bsica Matemticas 1 1 6 Bsico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peralta, Antonio M.

    ordinarias y en derivadas parciales. · Aplicación para la resolución de problemas propios de la ingeniería; ecuaciones diferenciales y en derivadas parciales; métodos numéricos; algorítmica numérica; estadística y límites, de derivadas e integrales de una función. Estudiar extremos relativos de funciones y saberlos

  10. South America, Central America, the Caribbean, and Mexico

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deal, C.

    1981-10-01

    Summaries of oil and gas drillings, well completions, production, exploratory wells, exploration activity and wildcat drilling were given for South America, Central America, the Caribbean, and Mexico. The countries, islands, etc. included Argentina, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward and Windward Islands, Mexico, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, El Salvador, Surinam, Trinidad and Venezuela. 16 figures, 120 tables. (DP)

  11. Natural capital informing decisions: from promise to practice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guerry, Anne D.; Polasky, Stephen; Lubchenco, Jane; Rebecca Chaplin-,Kramer; Daily, Gretchen C.; Griffin, Robert; Ruckelshaus, Mary H.; Bateman, Ian J.; Duraiappah, Anantha; Elmqvist, Thomas; Feldman, Marcus W.; Folke, Carl; Hoekstra, Jon; Kareiva, Peter; Keeler, Bonnie; Li, Shuzhuo; McKenzie, Emily; Ouyang, Zhiyun; Reyers, Belinda; Ricketts, Taylor; Rockström, Johan; Tallis, Heather; Vira, Bhaskar

    2015-06-15

    to conserve or regenerate forest for the provision of watershed services, biodiversity, and carbon sequestration (85). Since implementation, Costa Rica has transitioned from being the country with the highest tropical deforestation rate in the world to one... and improve water quality for people downstream; aquatic habitats support populations of fish caught for food; mangroves stabilize shorelines and decrease damage to people and property from storms; forests and oceans store carbon that helps regulate climate...

  12. Department of Mathematics PREPRINT SERIES 2009/2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Brazil George Matsas, Instituto de Física Teórica, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Sãn Paulo, Brazil #12´isica, Universidade Federal do Par´a, 66075-110, Bel´em, PA, Brazil Atsushi Higuchi Department of Mathematics, University of York, Heslington, York YO10 5DD, United Kingdom George E. A. Matsas Instituto de F´isica Te

  13. Final report : impacts analysis for cyber attack on electric power systems (National SCADA Test Bed FY08).

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Phillips, Laurence R.; Richardson, Bryan T.; Stamp, Jason Edwin; LaViolette, Randall A.

    2009-02-01

    To analyze the risks due to cyber attack against control systems used in the United States electrical infrastructure, new algorithms are needed to determine the possible impacts. This research is studying the Reliability Impact of Cyber ttack (RICA) in a two-pronged approach. First, malevolent cyber actions are analyzed in terms of reduced grid reliability. Second, power system impacts are investigated using an abstraction of the grid's dynamic model. This second year of esearch extends the work done during the first year.

  14. National Identities in Central American in a Comparative Perspective: The Modern Public Sphere and the Celebration of Centennial of Central American Independence September 15, 1921

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fumero-Vargas, Ana Patricia

    2005-01-01

    cometa. Estado, política social y culturas populares en Costa Rica (1800-1950), ed. Iván Molina and Steven Palmer (San José: Plumsock Mesoamerican Studies-Editorial Porvenir, 1994). 19 Carlos Gregorio López Bernal,38 David Díaz,39 and Edgar Barrillas...," and how Central American society understood citizenship in the 1920s. ii To Sofía, Manrique and José Daniel to Claudia With eternal gratitude for their love, example and support .. .a people without the knowledge of their past history, origin...

  15. Foraminifera of the Ellis Group, Jurassic, at the Type Locality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lalicker, Cecil G.

    1950-02-24

    Eoguttulina pila, n. sp Marginulina sarpa, n. sp. 14 Eoguttulina vaga, n. sp. 19 Marginulina sicula, n. sp. 14 Eoguttulina axilla, n. sp. 19 Marginulina virga, n. sp. 14 Genus Guttu/inct D'OFtBIGNY, 1839 19 Marginulina rica, n. sp. 14 Guttulina... Faleopolymorphina gemma Ammodiscus orbis Dentalina ansa Nodosaria linea Nodosaria orbita Frondicularia forma Pseudopolymorphina pera Ellisina spatula Eoguttulina pila Guttulina fraga Guttulina stilla Patellina crista Eoguttulina axilla , .... ... --, ...... f•.» 0...

  16. Supplement 1, Authors: A To B 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doss, Mildred A.; Humphrey, Judith M.

    1953-01-01

    Develop- ment, Uttar Pradesh. Lucknow. Agrie. Ferrar.?L'Agricoltore Ferrarese. Fer- rara. Agrie, and Indust. Life.?Agricultural and In- dustrial Life. Manila. Agrie. Prat., Paris.?L'Agriculture Pratique. La Revue des Agriculteurs de France. Paris.... Organo Quindicinale del Comitato Pro- vinciale dell'Agricoltura. Vicenza. Agricultor Costarric.?El Agricultor Costarri- cense. San Jos? de Costa Rica. Agricultura, Ciudad Trujillo.?Agricultura. Or- gano de la Secretaria de Estado de Agricul- tura...

  17. Latin American Theatre Review, Volume 04, Number 2: Front Matter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1971-04-01

    Festival 3 Primer Festival Nacional de Teatro Universitario (INBA and UNAM) % Segundo Concurso de Arte Dramático (Mexico, IMSS) 74 Temporada Teatral (San José, Costa Rica) 78 Book Reviews 85 Play Reports and Synopses 89 Works in Progress 92 Works... witnessed the emergence of three young promis ing dramatists who are socially committed as well as artistically gifted: Víctor de los Solares, Guillermo Gentile and Ricardo Monti. Their preoccupation with both Argentine and inter national themes have led...

  18. Tiragem: 34181 Pas: Portugal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Instituto de Sistemas e Robotica

    Laboratório de Plasmas Hipersónicos pertence ao Instituto de Plasmas e Fusão Nuclear do Instituto Superior a sua com- posição e a densidade atmosférica. Tudo depende das missões da ESA. No tubo, a energia da. Parte da energia do plasma é libertada em forma de radiação: des- de radiação ultravioleta, passando

  19. Application of adaptive hierarchical sparse grid collocation to the uncertainty quantification of nuclear reactor simulators

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yankov, A.; Downar, T. [University of Michigan, 2355 Bonisteel Blvd, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 (United States)

    2013-07-01

    Recent efforts in the application of uncertainty quantification to nuclear systems have utilized methods based on generalized perturbation theory and stochastic sampling. While these methods have proven to be effective they both have major drawbacks that may impede further progress. A relatively new approach based on spectral elements for uncertainty quantification is applied in this paper to several problems in reactor simulation. Spectral methods based on collocation attempt to couple the approximation free nature of stochastic sampling methods with the determinism of generalized perturbation theory. The specific spectral method used in this paper employs both the Smolyak algorithm and adaptivity by using Newton-Cotes collocation points along with linear hat basis functions. Using this approach, a surrogate model for the outputs of a computer code is constructed hierarchically by adaptively refining the collocation grid until the interpolant is converged to a user-defined threshold. The method inherently fits into the framework of parallel computing and allows for the extraction of meaningful statistics and data that are not within reach of stochastic sampling and generalized perturbation theory. This paper aims to demonstrate the advantages of spectral methods-especially when compared to current methods used in reactor physics for uncertainty quantification-and to illustrate their full potential. (authors)

  20. Measurements of radio propagation in rock salt for the detection of high-energy neutrinos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Connolly, Amy; Miki, Christian; Nichol, Ryan; Saltzberg, David

    2008-01-01

    We present measurements of the transmission of radio/microwave pulses through salt in the Cote Blanche salt mine operated by the North American Salt Company in St. Mary Parish, Louisiana. These results are from data taken in the southwestern region of the 1500 ft. (457 m) deep level of the mine on our third and most recent visit to the mine. We transmitted and received a fast, high-power, broadband pulse from within three vertical boreholes that were drilled to depths of 100 ft. (30 m) and 200 ft. below the 1500 ft. level using three different pairs of dipole antennas whose bandwidths span 125 to 900 MHz. By measuring the relative strength of the received pulses between boreholes with separations of 50 m and 169 m, we deduce the attenuation of the signal attributed to the salt medium. We fit the frequency dependence of the attenuation to a power law and find the best fit field attenuation lengths to be 93 \\pm 7 m at 150 MHz, 63 \\pm 3 m at 300 MHz, and 36 \\pm 2 m at 800 MHz. This is the most precise measuremen...

  1. Measurements of radio propagation in rock salt for the detection of high-energy neutrinos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amy Connolly; Abigail Goodhue; Christian Miki; Ryan Nichol; David Saltzberg

    2008-06-12

    We present measurements of the transmission of radio/microwave pulses through salt in the Cote Blanche salt mine operated by the North American Salt Company in St. Mary Parish, Louisiana. These results are from data taken in the southwestern region of the 1500 ft. (457 m) deep level of the mine on our third and most recent visit to the mine. We transmitted and received a fast, high-power, broadband pulse from within three vertical boreholes that were drilled to depths of 100 ft. (30 m) and 200 ft. below the 1500 ft. level using three different pairs of dipole antennas whose bandwidths span 125 to 900 MHz. By measuring the relative strength of the received pulses between boreholes with separations of 50 m and 169 m, we deduce the attenuation of the signal attributed to the salt medium. We fit the frequency dependence of the attenuation to a power law and find the best fit field attenuation lengths to be 93 \\pm 7 m at 150 MHz, 63 \\pm 3 m at 300 MHz, and 36 \\pm 2 m at 800 MHz. This is the most precise measurement of radio attenuation in a natural salt formation to date. We assess the implications of this measurement for a future neutrino detector in salt.

  2. Tropical dry-forest mammals of Palo Verde: Ecology and conservation in a changing landscape

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stoner, Kathryn E.; Timm, Robert M.

    2004-02-01

    More than 114 species of mammals originally were present in Costa Rica’s tropical dry forest, and perhaps 110 species are still found there today. Bats are the most diverse group, with more than 66 species, followed by 11 species of rodents, 7 species of marsupials, 6 species in the weasel family, 5 species of cats, 3 species in the raccoon family, 3 species of primates, 3 species of artiodactyls, 2 species of canids, 2 species of xenarthrans (edentates), 1 rabbit, and 1 tapir. Costa Rica has no endemic dry forest mammals. The species that have been extirpated from this region were either highly prized game species that have been eliminated by overhunting (white-lipped peccaries) or were specialists that either feed on specific foods or have very specific habitat requirements that have been eliminated by habitat destruction. In Costa Rica 10 of the 13 mammal species recognized as endangered and 7 of the 14 found in reduced populations are found within tropical dry forest habitat. Mammals that inhabit tropical dry forest areas must be capable of dealing with high temperatures, low precipitation in the dry season, and large fluctuations in the availability of food resources during the year. Most mammals of the dry forest can be characterized as resident generalists that shift their diets in order to utilize seasonally available food resources; as resident specialists that forage on insects, seeds, or fruit and nectar; or as migrants that occupy dry forests only seasonally and move to other habitats during periods of low food availability in their foraging area in search of food sources in other areas. Bats, some of which serve as pollinators and seed dispersers, are important components of the dry forest fauna. Some species of bats change habitats within the dry forest or migrate into and out of the dry forest seasonally. Hunting has been, and continues to be, an important threat to most large mammals in dry forest habitats. As early as 1880, large numbers of deer skins were exported from Costa Rica to Europe, the majority of which came from Guanacaste. Illegal poaching is still a serious problem in the protected areas of Guanacaste. Throughout Mesoamerica, deforestation to create pastures and, in recent years, for crop cultivation has negatively affected many populations of tropical dry forest mammals. Approximately 50% of the 250,000 ha area in the lower Tempisque Basin had been deforested by 1956 and by 1970 most of the dry forest had been converted into pastureland. The spread of introduced African grasses and seasonal fires have continued to eliminate mature dry forest in northern Costa Rica in the last decades. Contamination by pesticides from agricultural fields has become a serious threat to the mammalian fauna in the region. The use of cattle as a management tool also threatens the mammalian fauna in tropical dry forest due to their affect on the natural vegetation. Cattle were reintroduced into Parque Nacional Palo Verde in the 1980s in an attempt to control the rapidly expanding cattails in the marsh, which were eliminating habitat for aquatic birds. However, cattle have been ineffective at controlling cattails, and overgrazing of tree seedlings has hindered regeneration of the forest because cattle graze selectively on seedlings of native species. The mammals of the tropical dry forest are among the most poorly known of any of the bioclimatic life zones. Conservation measures for this endangered fauna should include expanded research, training and educational programs for park personnel, economic alternatives, and sustainable development. In addition, efforts should be made for the creation of additional protected areas with buffer zones and for the development of natural regeneration programs.... contaminación por pesticidas en los campos agrícolas se ha convertido en una seria amenaza para los mamíferos de la región. El uso de ganado como herramienta de manejo también es una amenaza para la fauna de mamíferos en el bosque tropical seco debido a su...

  3. Peace 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-03-05

    eventos con sucesos que ocurren de manera l?gica, uno tras otro. Ejemplos de ellos se encuentran en la religi?n, la ciencia y el arte. En el posmodernismo ya no hay fe un una verdad universal que abarque todo conocimiento (xxiv). Lyotard afirma que el... barroca 5) A la claridad cl?sica opuso la oscuridad barroca Luiselli determina que el arte barroco surge de una dualidad original: Europa y Am?rica, fe y realidad, y asegura que el artista expresa los cambios sufridos por la sociedad. La cr...

  4. Central American update

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hodgson, S.F.

    1987-07-01

    The Central American Energy Resources Project is designed to help the countries of Honduras, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, and Panama develop their geothermal resources. Auxiliary project goals are to increase economic development and employment in Central America; to provide a scientific basis for the private sector to develop natural resources; and to provide scientific training to in-country scientists, engineers, and technicians. The energy resources project began in March 1985. The progress being made in El Salvador (production well logging and geophysical operations), Panama (site selection for the first temperature-gradient well), and Honduras (well drilling of temperature-gradient wells) is summarized.

  5. Energy and development in Central America. Volume II. country assesments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Park, W.; Neves, C.; Trehan, R.; Ackerman, E.; Gallagher, W.

    1980-03-01

    This volume presents a country-by-country energy assessment of six Central American countries: Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama. For each country it includes an assessment of geographic, social, and economic aspects of energy development, an assessment of energy resources, current and projected energy use, potential strategies for energy development, and finally recommendations to USAID for the orientation of its energy development programs. Each country assessment is supplemented with a summary of energy R and D activities and a description of each country's energy-related institutions.

  6. Middle East sparking increase in world drilling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1990-02-01

    Global drilling outside the United States appears to have bottomed out last year if official numbers and estimates supplied to World oil prove accurate. The 1990:0090 forecast calls for a 7.8% boost to 22,316 wells (excluding the USSR, Eastern Europe and North Korea), and every region expects to see a net increase. Figures provided by governmental agencies, operating companies and other sources indicate Middle Eastern drilling last year hit a new high for the 1980's with 948 wells. These figures are also given for Western Europe, the Far East, Africa, South America, Canada, Mexico, Costa Rica, and Guatemala.

  7. The status of energy planning in five Central American countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Booth, S.R.; Fonseca, M.G.

    1991-08-01

    This report examines the current status of national energy planning in Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Panama. A framework is provided that divides energy planning activities into two broad categories: the fundamental tasks'' and the bounding conditions.'' The fundamental tasks of energy planning include the gathering and systematizing of data, conducting energy situation analyses and short- or long-term planning for the country, and defining and implementing national energy plans. While the bonding conditions are situations that preclude completion of fundamental tasks, such as level of technical expertise. 20 refs., 11 figs., 2 tabs.

  8. Part 18, Authors: X To Zyukov 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Humphrey, Judith M.; Hassall, Albert; Doss, Mildred A.

    1952-01-01

    valoraci?n para aprender la p?rdida de la integridad, y de la globalidad y de la sistematizaci?n ordenada a cambio de la inestabilidad. ?l afirma que las distintas esferas de cultura y arte oscilan en un movimiento pendular que va, permanentemente, de... barroca 5) A la claridad cl?sica opuso la oscuridad barroca Luiselli determina que el arte barroco surge de una dualidad original: Europa y Am?rica, fe y realidad, y asegura que el artista expresa los cambios sufridos por la sociedad. La cr...

  9. Was Brazil's recent growth acceleration the world's most overrated boom?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palma, Jose Gabriel

    2012-11-01

    to such 2 Perhaps the main reason why for the ‘new’ left is so difficult to continue thinking critically in their new, ‘modern’, ideology (and in their new, ‘modern’ relationship to power) is explained by Freud’s idea that “[a]nyone who knows anything... , the year of the military coup); China*, rate of growth 1980-2011 = 8.7%; co = Colombia; cr = Costa Rica; dr = Dominican Republic e = Ecuador; gt = Guatemala; mx = Mexico; pe = Peru; us = United States; ur = Uruguay; ve = Venezuela; and za = South Africa...

  10. Collaboratory blogging: Many minds are better than one 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neam, Kelsey; Wood, Margot

    2014-10-07

    Green Science, The Nature Conservancy R e f e r e n c e s 1. Kwa?nik, B. H., Crowston K., Herring, S. C., Scheidt L. A. , Wright E., and S. Bonus. (2005). We- blogs as a bridging genre. Information Technology & People. 18:2, 142-171. 2. Wilcox, C... Neam and Margot Wood collecting vegetation data at a reforestation site in Costa Rica. Opposite. Several authors of the Central America Applied Biodiversity Science Blog (pictured from left to right): Mike Petriello, Margot Wood, and Kelsey Neam. 39...

  11. Recovering Imperial Space in Juan Bautista Muñoz's Historia del Nuevo-Mundo (1793)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arias, Santa

    2007-01-01

    se conociese la Ame´rica y de la transformacio´n ocasionada [. . .] por los descubrimientos y colonias occidentales’’; while his second ‘‘se da una idea de los progresos de la na´utica y geograf?´a desde la invencio´n de la aguja de marear hasta fines...´nica Moderna 60.2 (2007) tr?´a sublime, la na´utica, la econom?´a civil, la qu?´mica, y otras varias ciencias, o´ se han creado nuevamente, o´ han adquirido su verdadera constitucio´n y dignidad’’ (21). Here he is pointing to all the scientific and general...

  12. A taxonomic study of Family Proctophyllodidae and Aloptidae (Analgoidea) of Costa Rican passeriform birds 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Wen Sam Tsai

    1980-01-01

    ) are described from passeriform birds of Costa Rica. These include Trouessartia t t ydlbh, 1PPN, N~td l*d t t Atyeo, 1966 and the following 30 new species: T. costericensis, T. * t'7 , T. ~h *, T. ~, T. h b' , T. ~L T. arnoldi, T. santanai, T. ~ex ansa, T.... pricei, T. tarsala, 7~th 11 d d 1 t, P. b t, N~td 1 '1 Pt d t d d, P. ~1 t , P. ~L , P. t ', P. P. stenus, P. volatina, P. seiurus, P. icterus, P. bifidus P. parvus, P. vastus, P. setatus, P. atyeoi, P. ornatus, and P. ~t ACKNOWLEDGMENTS I would...

  13. Costco | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTIONRobertsdale, Alabama (Utility Company)| Open(Evans,Oregon:Volcano,CorsonCosta Mesa,Costa Rica:Costco

  14. Third special price report. [Latin American countries, USA, and Canada

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1982-06-06

    Energy Detente's latest international price survey at midyear 1982 showed the average price of premium gasoline had fallen US $0.27 in the 11-month period since their first special report in July 1981. The biggest price drop occurred in Costa Rica, where prices in local currency increased slightly but in US dollars declined US $1.91 - due to the fall of the Colon against the US dollar. The case of Costa Rica exemplifies how the rise of the US dollar influenced the survey findings. Generally, the price drops showed that in several countries fuel prices haven't kept up with inflation and this shows up when prices are expressed in dollars. However, analysis of US prices, and prices in Guatemala where currency is at par with the dollar, shows prices fell (modestly) there too. Prices in Mexico and Venezuela doubled. Ecuador listed the lowest prices in the survey. Also included in this issue are brief energy notes from Mexico and other Latin American countries.

  15. (Monitoring and evaluation of the Central American Rural Electrification Program)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garcia, A. III (Texas A and M Univ., College Station, TX (USA))

    1990-03-20

    CARES has been successful in leveraging its effort with similar programs in other countries. NRECA has done an exceptional job of coordinating the related activities of other AID contracts. The informal lines of communication appear to work well with a relaxed and productive environment evident. ROCAP has expressed confidence in the ability of NRECA to carry out the Workplan successfully. Recent initiatives by Mr. Funes in the area of indicators are seen by the review team as a positive and mutual step to articulate specific goals and accomplishments. Communication and coordination among the ROCAP staff and the local AID Mission appears to have improved since last mentioned in the Engineering Standards Review. This is especially true in Guatemala and Costa Rica. Better reporting procedures would facilitate NRECA-ROCAP-AID Mission communication. Impressive progress has been made in the way local officials approach rural electrification. This is very evident in the areas of engineering design and the productive uses campaign. The Planning and Engineering sections of INDE and CEL rapidly adopted the new mechanical strength based standards as reasonable design solutions. Similarly, productive uses has received much greater attention by all of the various divisions of the utilities in El Salvador, Guatemala and Costa Rica. This was not the case previous to the CARES Project. The final report specifically addresses several areas that should be de-emphasized or given more attention. 26 refs.

  16. Geothermal initiatives in Central America

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hanold, R.J.; Loose, V.W.; Laughlin, A.W.; Wade, P.E.

    1986-01-01

    The US Agency for International Development is supporting a new project in energy and resources exploitation for Central America. One of the largest components of the project involves exploration and reservoir development investigations directed at enhancing the production of electricity from the region's geothermal resources. An assessment of the geothermal resources of Honduras is in progress, and interesting geothermal regions in the Guanacaste Province of Costa Rica are being explored. Well-logging activities are in progress in the production wells at the Miravalles geothermal field in Costa Rica, and preparations are being made for logging critical wells at Ahuachapan in El Salvador. A self-contained logging truck, complete with high-temperature logging cable and logging tools designed for geothermal service, is being fabricated and will be made available for dedicated use throughout Central America. Geochemical and isotopic analyses of water samples collected in Panama are being evaluated to select a high-priority geothermal site in that country. Application of low- and medium-enthalpy geothermal fluids for industrial and agricultural processes is being investigated in Guatemala.

  17. Central American geologic map project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dengo, G.

    1986-07-01

    During the Northeast Quadrant Panel meeting of the Circum-Pacific Map Project held in Mexico City, February 1985, Central American panel members proposed and adopted plans for compiling a geologic map of Central America, probably at a scale of 1:500,000. A local group with participants from each country was organized and coordinated by Rolando Castillo, director, Central American School of Geology, University of Costa Rica, for the geologic aspects, and Fernando Rudin, director, Geographic Institute of Costa Rica, for the topographic base. In 1956, the US Geological Survey published a geologic map of the region at a scale of 1:1 million. Subsequent topographic and geologic mapping projects have provided a large amount of new data. The entire area is now covered by topographic maps at a scale of 1:50,000, and these maps have been used in several countries as a base for geologic mapping. Another regional map, the Metallogenic Map of Central America (scale = 1:2 million), was published in 1969 by the Central American Research Institute for Industry (ICAITI) with a generalized but updated geologic base map. Between 1969 and 1980, maps for each country were published by local institutions: Guatemala-Belize at 1:500,000, Honduras at 1:500,000, El Salvador at 1:100,000, Nicaragua at 1:1 million, Costa Rica at 1:200,000, and Panama at 1:1 million. This information, in addition to that of newly mapped areas, served as the base for the Central American part of the Geologic-Tectonic Map of the Caribbean Region (scale = 1:2.5 million), published by the US Geological Survey in 1980, and also fro the Northeast Quadrant Maps of the Circum-Pacific Region. The new project also involves bathymetric and geologic mapping of the Pacific and Caribbean margins of the Central American Isthmus. A substantial amount of new information of the Middle America Trench has been acquired through DSDP Legs 67 and 84.

  18. The energy situation in five Central American countries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Trocki, L.; Booth, S.R.; Umana Q, A.

    1987-06-01

    This study describes the energy resources and the changes that have taken place in energy supply and demand in five Central American countries between 1970 and 1984. Economic changes are also reviewed because they influence and are affected by changes in the energy sector. The work was performed under the auspices of the US Agency for International Development. The Central American countries of Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Panama are highly dependent on fuel wood as a source of energy, particularly in the residential sector. They also rely upon imported oil products to supply a growing modern sector. Most countries have significant hydroelectric and geothermal resources, and most countries produce a large portion of their electricity from hydroelectric projects. Demand for electricity has grown rapidly. Relative shares of primary versus secondary energy in the five countries vary significantly and strongly correlate with average per capita income. Consumption of secondary energy has declined during the recent economic recession suffered by the region.

  19. (Power sector integrated efficiency program): Foreign trip report, August 1--11, 1989

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Waddle, D.B.

    1989-08-18

    I traveled to Guatemala City to discuss host country and US Agency for International Development (USAID) Mission interest in an AID/Washington sponsored integrated utility efficiency initiative and to participate in a cogeneration conference. Discussions were held with USAID/Regional Office for Central America Panama (ROCAP), USAID/Guatemala City, the Ministry of Energy and Mines (MEM), the Empresa Electrica de Guatemala, and several members of the private sector regarding interest and the appropriateness of the proposed efficiency initiative. I then traveled to San Jose, Costa Rica to participate in a small scale hydro assessment study with a National Rural Electric Cooperative Association (NRECA) engineer for a newly formed generation and transmission consortium. Data were gathered both on member cooperative annual, seasonal and diurnal energy demand, as well as engineering data for the site analyses. Meetings were held with the cooperative members; USAID/San Jose; and the Ministry of Natural Resources, Energy and Mines to inform them of our progress.

  20. Geothermal power development: 1984 overview and update

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DiPippo, R.

    1984-10-01

    The status of geothermal power plants as of mid-1984 is given. There are 15 countries with active plants, and France (Guadeloupe) is expected to join the roster in the near future. The total number of operating units (defined as individual turbo-generator sets) is 145; the total installed capacity is somewhat less than 3770 MW. If plans for additional plants are met, the total could jump by more than 200 MW over the next two years. Recent growth is presented and the worldwide installed capacity is traced. A graphic portrayal of the growth pattern is presented. The countries that will be most responsible for sustaining this growth are the US, the Philippines, Mexico, and Indonesia. Other countries that will contribute significantly include Italy, Japan, Kenya, Nicaragua, and Turkey. The following countries do not now have any geothermal plants but may bring some online by 1990: Guatemala, Costa Rica, Greece, St. Lucia, Thailand, and Ethiopia.

  1. Molecular Variation within and among Species of Harpellales

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gottlieb, Alexandra M.; Lichtwardt, Robert W.

    2001-01-01

    sp DGK-2-3 S commune KS-12-13L S commune KS-2-21 S commune KS-5-2 S commune KS-6-6 S commune OK-8-4 S commune TN-3-16 Smittium sp OK-3-22 Smittium sp SWI-4-13 Smittium sp JAP-51-5 S simulii AUS-59-5L Smittium sp CR-133-2 S phytotelmatum 7... 400 AF277005; AF277006 Smittium annulatum Lichtwardt CR-143-8 Simuliidae Costa Rica 700 900 AF277024 Smittium caudatum Lichtw. 8c G rigg KS-1-2 Chironomidae Kansas, USA 500 1100 AF277031; AF277032; AF277033 Smittium coloradense Lichtw. 8c W illiams...

  2. An energy atlas of five Central American countries. Un atlas energetico de cinco paises Centroamericanos

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Trocki, L.; Newman, C.K.; Gurule, F.; Aragon, P.C.; Peck, C.

    1988-08-01

    In a series of maps and figures, this atlas summarizes what is known about the energy resources and how these resources and oil imports supply the energy needs of five Central American countries: Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Costa Rica, and Panama. The main exploited energy resources are firewood, hydroelectric energy, bagasse from sugar cane residues, and geothermal energy. Limited oil exploration in the region has uncovered modest oil resources only in Guatemala. Peat and small coal deposits are also known to exist but are not presently being exploited. After the description of energy resources, this atlas describes energy supply and demand patterns in each country. It concludes with a description of socioeconomic data that strongly affect energy demand. 4 refs.

  3. Fiscal Year 1998 Annual Report, Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, World Data Center -- A for Atmospheric Trace Gases

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cushman, R.M.; Boden, T.A.; Hook, L.A.; Jones, S.B.; Kaiser, D.P.; Nelson, T.R.

    1999-03-01

    Once again, the most recent fiscal year was a productive one for the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), as well as a year for change. The FY 1998 in Review section in this report summarizes quite a few new and updated data and information products, and the ''What's Coming in FY 1999'' section describes our plans for this new fiscal year. During FY 1998, CDIAC began a data-management system for AmeriFlux, a long-term study of carbon fluxes between the terrestrial biosphere of the Western Hemisphere and the atmosphere. The specific objectives of AmeriFlux are to establish an infrastructure for guiding, collecting, synthesizing, and disseminating long-term measurements of CO{sub 2}, water, and energy exchange from a variety of ecosystems; collect critical new information to help define the current global CO{sub 2} budget; enable improved predictions of future concentrations of atmospheric CO{sub 2}; and enhance understanding of carbon fluxes. Net Ecosystem Production (NEP), and carbon sequestration in the terrestrial biosphere. The data-management system, available from CDIAC'S AmeriFlux home page (http://cdiac.esd.ornl.gov/programs/ameriflux/ ) is intended to provide consistent, quality-assured, and documented data across all AmeriFlux sites in the US, Canada, Costa Rica, and Brazil. It is being developed by Antoinette Brenkert and Tom Boden, with assistance from Susan Holladay (who joined CDIAC specifically to support the AmeriFlux data-management effort).

  4. Current and Future Carbon Budgets of Tropical Rain Forest: A Cross Scale Analysis. Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Oberbauer, S. F.

    2004-01-16

    The goal of this project was to make a first assessment of the major carbon stocks and fluxes and their climatic determinants in a lowland neotropical rain forest, the La Selva Biological Station, Costa Rica. Our research design was based on the concurrent use of several of the best available approaches, so that data could be cross-validated. A major focus of our effort was to combine meteorological studies of whole-forest carbon exchange (eddy flux), with parallel independent measurements of key components of the forest carbon budget. The eddy flux system operated from February 1998 to February 2001. To obtain field data that could be scaled up to the landscape level, we monitored carbon stocks, net primary productivity components including tree growth and mortality, litterfall, woody debris production, root biomass, and soil respiration in a series of replicated plots stratified across the major environmental gradients of the forest. A second major focus of this project was on the stocks and changes of carbon in the soil. We used isotope studies and intensive monitoring to investigate soil organic stocks and the climate-driven variation of soil respiration down the soil profile, in a set of six 4m deep soil shafts stratified across the landscape. We measured short term tree growth, climate responses of sap flow, and phenology in a suite of ten canopy trees to develop individual models of tree growth to daytime weather variables.

  5. Central America and the Caribbean: No place for the unwary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goodwin, L.M.

    1994-11-15

    Central America and the Caribbean have not enjoyed the same high profile as more prominent independent power markets like India and China. Indeed, only one country in the region appeared in a recent survey of the 20 most promising markets: Panama, with a projected demand for 2,040 megawatts (MW) of new capacity, was ranked twentieth. Nevertheless, taken as a whole, Central America and the Caribbean offer significant opportunities for new development. Projected incremental capacity needs in some of the larger markets in the region include: Costa Rica (700-1,000 MW), Dominican Republic (1,100 MW), Guatemala (450 MW), Honduras (225 MW), Jamaica (729 MW), Panama (2,040 MW), and Trinidad & Tobago (200 MW). These markets represent an aggregate potential demand of 5,750 MW - more than the projected demand in Colombia, one of South America`s most active markets. Yet although its need for capacity is significant, the region presents developers with unique challenges because it comprises so many relatively small countries, each with its own special needs and characteristics.

  6. Gas hydrates at two sites of an active continental margin

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kvenvolden, K.A.

    1985-03-01

    Sediment containing gas hydrates from two distant Deep Sea Drilling Project sites (565 and 568), located about 670 km apart or the landward flank of the Middle America Trench, was studied to determine the geochemical conditions that characterize the occurrence of gas hydrates. Site 565 was located in the Pacific Ocean offshore the Nicoya Peninsula of Costa Rica in 3,111 m of water. The depth of the hole at this site was 328 m, and gas hydrates were recovered from 285 and 319 m. Site 568 was located about 670 km to the northwest offshore Guatemala in 2,031 m of water. At this site the hole penetrated to 418 m, and gas hydrates were encountered at 404 m. Both sites are characterized by rates of sedimentation exceeding about 30 m/m.y. and organic carbon contents exceeding about 0.5%. The magnitudes and trends of gas compositions, residual gas concentrations and chlorinity variations are generally similar at both sites. The carbon isotopic compositions are significantly heavier at Site 568 than at Site 565. The isotopic compositions and trends at Site 565 are typical of biogenic methane generation. At Site 568, the isotopic compositions are very heavy. In spite of its heavy carbon isotopic composition, this methane is believed to have a biogenic source.

  7. Oil and gas developments in South America, Central America, Caribbean area, and Mexico in 1987

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wiman, W.D.

    1988-10-01

    Exploration activity in South America, Central America, the Caribbean area, and Mexico in 1987 showed significant increases in seismic acquisition in Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Mexico, Paraguay, and Peru, and a decrease in Chile and Venezuela. Exploratory drilling increased in most major producing countries but was accompanied by a decline in development drilling. Most of the increase could be attributed to private companies fulfilling obligations under risk contracts; however, state oil companies in Bolivia, Chile, and Colombia showed significant increased activity, with only Mexico showing a decrease. Colombia again had a dramatic increase in production (29% from 1986). Noteworthy discoveries were made in Bolivia (Villamontes-1); Brazil, in the Solimoes basin (1-RUC-1-AM); Chile (Rio Honda-1); Colombia, in the Llanos basin (Austral-1, La Reforma-1, Libertad Norte-1, Cravo Este-1, and Cano Yarumal-1), in the Upper Magdalena basin (Toldado-1 and Los Mangos-1); Ecuador (Frontera-1, a joint-exploration venture with Colombia); Mexico, in the Chiapas-Tabasco region (Guacho-1 and Iridi-1), in the Frontera Norte area (Huatempo-1); Peru, in the Madre de Dios basin (Armihuari-4X); Trinidad (West East Queen's Beach-1); and Venezuela (Musipan-1X). Brazil's upper Amazon (Solimoes basin) discovery, Colombia's Upper Magdalena basin discoveries Toldado-1 and Los Mangos-1, Mexico's Chiapas-Tabasco discoveries, Peru's confirmation of the giant Cashiriari discovery of 1986, and Venezuela's success in Monagas state were the highlights of 1987. 5 figs., 8 tabs.

  8. Feasibility studies of a power interconnection system for Central American countries: SIEPAC project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gomez, T.; Enamorado, J.C. (Univ. Pontificia Comillas, Madrid (Spain). Inst. de Investigacion Tecnologica); Vela, A. (Empresa Nacional de Electricidad, Madrid (Spain))

    1994-06-01

    The electrical systems of the Central American countries are linked by 230 kV ac weak border interconnections forming two separated subsystems. The first one includes Guatemala and El Salvador, and the other one comprises the systems of Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama. As a consequence, unrestricted energy exchanges among all countries are not possible. This article describes the SIEPAC project which consists of a 1,678 km long 500 kV ac power transmission line that would link the six electrical systems of the region through seven power substations (one for each country and two in Panama), installed close to the highest demand national centers and six control centers of energy (one for each country) to allow coordinated operation of the interconnection.This project also considers a set of complementary assets (230 ac power transmission lines into some countries and the border transmission line between El Salvador and Honduras, and various other equipment). The power transmission line will greatly reinforce the actual border interconnections, which have a reduced capacity of exchange and technical problems associated with the stability of a weak longitudinal system. On the other hand, economic savings for the region would be achieved, coming from a higher coordination level in the operation and planning of their systems.

  9. Tidal constituent database. West Coast of the United States and Eastern North pacific ocean. Technical note

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-01-01

    This technical note describes a database of tidal elevation boundary condition information generated in support of the `Long-Term Fate of Dredged Material Disposed in Open Water` research of the Dredging Research Program (DRP), being conducted at the U.S. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station. The database, described in detail by Hench and others (1994), allows the user to manually generate time series of tidal elevations or to use a program to access the full database to generate time series of both tidal elevations and currents for any location along the West Coast of the United States and Eastern North Pacific Ocean, extending from Seal Cape on Unimak Island, Alaska, in the North to Punta Parada, Peru, in the South. The land boundary includes the Pacific shorelines of Alaska, Canada, mainland United States, Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Columbia, and Northern Peru. Although the capability to generate these time series was developed to provide input to the Long-Term Fate and Stability Model (LTFATE), the generated time series can be used for any application requiring tidal forcing data.

  10. Energy-conservation-investment decision making in developing countries: A review of project implementation in industry. Final report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1989-12-01

    Despite recent efforts in a number of developing countries to promote energy conservation (EC) and efficiency, only a fraction of EC potential has been captured, especially for projects that require significant investments. The document analyzes EC efforts in 11 countries where energy audit and/or feasibility study programs have been carried out (Bangladesh, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Jordan, Pakistan, Panama, the Philippines, and Sri Lanka), covering some 1,500 EC projects involving 242 industrial companies. Cost and length of payback seem to be the determining factors for companies considering EC measures; no-cost or low-cost projects with paybacks of less than a year (such as power factor improvement projects) had the highest rate of implementation, while expensive, complicated projects (e.g., cogeneration or fuel substitution projects) were most often rejected. The document concludes, however, that the rate of implementation of EC programs has been quite high, and recommends that inexpensive, short-term projects be featured in future EC programs and increased levels of TA and financial assistance be made available to companies implementing long-term EC measures.

  11. Mineral formation and redox-sensitive trace elements in a near-surface hydrothermal alteration system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gehring, A.U.; Schosseler, P.M.; Weidler, P.G.

    1999-07-01

    A recent hydrothermal mudpool at the southwestern slope of the Rincon de la Vieja volcano in Northwest Costa Rica exhibits an argillic alteration system formed by intense interaction of sulfuric acidic fluids with wall rock materials. Detailed mineralogical analysis revealed an assemblage with kaolinite, alunite, and opal-C as the major mineral phases. Electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy (EPR) showed 3 different redox-sensitive cations associated with the mineral phases, Cu{sup +} is structure-bound in opal-C, whereas VO{sup 2+} and Fe{sup 3+} are located in the kaolinite structure. The location of the redox-sensitive cations in different minerals of the assemblage is indicative of different chemical conditions. The formation of the alteration products can be described schematically as a 2-step process. In a first step alunite and opal-C were precipitated in a fluid with slightly reducing conditions and a low chloride availability. The second step is characterized by a decrease in K{sup +} activity and subsequent formation of kaolinite under weakly oxidizing to oxidizing redox conditions as indicated by structure-bound VO{sup 2+} and Fe{sup 3+}. The detection of paramagnetic trace elements structure-bound in mineral phases by EPR provide direct information about the prevailing redox conditions during alteration and can, therefore, be used as additional insight into the genesis of the hydrothermal, near-surface system.

  12. Prospects for international trade in environmental services: An analysis of international carbon emission off-sets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Swisher, J.N.

    1991-01-01

    This dissertation presents a case study analysis in which the costs to a US electric utility of reducing its carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) emissions are compared with the costs of carbon-saving forestry projects in Costa Rica and Guatemala. The results show that a large electric utility in the south-central US would find it relatively inexpensive, even profitable given a conducive regulatory treatment, to reduce its CO{sub 2} emissions by a few percent over the next ten years, through direct investment in energy end-use efficiency improvements. In comparison, the costs of the forestry projects studied in Central America range from $1/TC to a worst-case value of about $55/TC, with most project costs between $5 and $13/TC, depending on the type of project, the climate, and the opportunity cost of land. The total amount of CO{sub 2} storage potential is significant, about 100 million tons per country, but not enough to suggest that forestry can offset more than a few percent of global CO{sub 2} emissions from fossil fuel use. These case studies suggest that international trade in the environmental service of reducing global CO{sub 2} accumulation could have significant economic and ecological benefits. A transaction in which a utility pays for forestry projects in exchange for credit against an emission reduction policy is an example of an international carbon emission offset (ICEO). ICEO's could provide a currency for funding carbon-saving services as a way to comply with national policies to reduce CO{sub 2} emissions, as long as compliance is allowed through investments in other countries. This type of North-South transfer is necessary to reconcile economic efficiency and international equity, because of the disparity between the national allocations of responsibility for greenhouse gas emissions and opportunities for emission reductions.

  13. Petroleum geology of Pacific margin of Central America and northern South America, from Guatemala to Ecuador

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scrutton, M.E.; Escalante, G.F.

    1986-07-01

    Exploration for hydrocarbons along the Pacific margin of Central America and northern South America has been limited and spasmodic. Less than 100 exploration wells have been drilled, with nearly 50 of these being in the Santa Elena, Progreso, and Guayas basins in Ecuador. Shows have been reported in some wells, and a few oil seeps are known. The only commercial production established to date has been from the Santa Elena Peninsula in Ecuador in the extreme south of the study area. Understanding of the geology in this part of the continental margin is incomplete at best. This paper reviews present-day knowledge in an attempt to define the sedimentary basins better, to characterize their structure and stratigraphy, and to assess their petroleum prospects. The area of continental margin reviewed is to the north, located northwest of the trench system where oceanic crust of the Cocos plate subducts under the Caribbean plate, and to the south, where the northern part of the Nazca plate collides with the South American plate. This plate tectonic setting forms the framework on which local structural and sedimentary events have created a series of relatively small trench-slope and forearc basins in what is now the coastal plain and adjacent offshore area of Central and South America, south or west of a line of mountain ranges with active volcanism. Sedimentary fill is generally of Tertiary age. The basins and subbasins recognized and described include: in Ecuador - Guayas, Santa Elena, Progreso, Valdivia, Bajo Grande, Manta, Muisne-Esmeraldas, and Borbon; in Colombia - Choco-Pacific; in Panama - Gulf of Panama basin complex (Santiago, Tonosi, Sambu), and Burica-Chiriqui; in Costa Rica - Terraba and Coronado/Tempisque; in Nicaragua - San Juan del Sur; and in the Honduras, El Salvador, and Guatemala - the Pacific coastal basin.

  14. Twenty-first workshop on geothermal reservoir engineering: Proceedings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1996-01-26

    PREFACE The Twenty-First Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering was held at the Holiday Inn, Palo Alto on January 22-24, 1996. There were one-hundred fifty-five registered participants. Participants came from twenty foreign countries: Argentina, Austria, Canada, Costa Rica, El Salvador, France, Iceland, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Mexico, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, the Philippines, Romania, Russia, Switzerland, Turkey and the UK. The performance of many geothermal reservoirs outside the United States was described in several of the papers. Professor Roland N. Horne opened the meeting and welcomed visitors. The key note speaker was Marshall Reed, who gave a brief overview of the Department of Energy's current plan. Sixty-six papers were presented in the technical sessions of the workshop. Technical papers were organized into twenty sessions concerning: reservoir assessment, modeling, geology/geochemistry, fracture modeling hot dry rock, geoscience, low enthalpy, injection, well testing, drilling, adsorption and stimulation. Session chairmen were major contributors to the workshop, and we thank: Ben Barker, Bobbie Bishop-Gollan, Tom Box, Jim Combs, John Counsil, Sabodh Garg, Malcolm Grant, Marcel0 Lippmann, Jim Lovekin, John Pritchett, Marshall Reed, Joel Renner, Subir Sanyal, Mike Shook, Alfred Truesdell and Ken Williamson. Jim Lovekin gave the post-dinner speech at the banquet and highlighted the exciting developments in the geothermal field which are taking place worldwide. The Workshop was organized by the Stanford Geothermal Program faculty, staff, and graduate students. We wish to thank our students who operated the audiovisual equipment. Shaun D. Fitzgerald Program Manager.

  15. Emerging Latin American air quality regulation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hosmer, A.W.; Vitale, E.M.; Guerrero, C.R.; Solorzano-Vincent, L.

    1998-12-31

    Latin America is the most urbanized region in the developing world. In recent years, significant economic growth has resulted in population migration from rural areas to urban centers, as well as in a substantial rise in the standard of living within the Region. These changes have impacted the air quality of Latin American countries as increased numbers of industrial facilities and motor vehicles release pollutants into the air. With the advent of new free trade agreements such as MERCOSUR and NAFTA, economic activity and associated pollutant levels can only be expected to continue to expand in the future. In order to address growing air pollution problems, many Latin America countries including Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Columbia, Costa Rica, and Mexico have passed, or will soon pass, new legislation to develop and strengthen their environmental frameworks with respect to air quality. As a first step toward understanding the impacts that this increased environmental regulation will have, this paper will examine the regulatory systems in six Latin American countries with respect to ambient air quality and for each of these countries: review a short history of the air quality problems within the country; outline the legal and institutional framework including key laws and implementing institutions; summarize in brief the current status of the country in terms of program development and implementation; and identify projected future trends. In addition, the paper will briefly review the international treaties that have bearing on Latin American air quality. Finally, the paper will conclude by identifying and exploring emerging trends in individual countries and the region as a whole.

  16. Nineteenth workshop on geothermal reservoir engineering: Proceedings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ramey, H.J. Jr.; Horne, R.J.; Kruger, P.; Miller, F.G.; Brigham, W.E.; Cook, J.W.

    1994-01-20

    PREFACE The Nineteenth Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering was held at Stanford University on January 18-20, 1994. This workshop opened on a sad note because of the death of Prof. Henry J. Ramey, Jr. on November 19, 1993. Hank had been fighting leukemia for a long time and finally lost the battle. Many of the workshop participants were present for the celebration of his life on January 21 at Stanford's Memorial Church. Hank was one of the founders of the Stanford Geothermal Program and the Geothermal Reservoir Engineering Workshop. His energy, kindness, quick wit, and knowledge will long be missed at future workshops. Following the Preface we have included a copy of the Memorial Resolution passed by the Stanford University Senate. There were one hundred and four registered participants. Participants were from ten foreign countries: Costa Rica, England, Iceland, Italy, Japan, Kenya, Mexico, New Zealand, Philippines and Turkey. Workshop papers described the performance of fourteen geothermal fields outside the United States. Roland N. Home opened the meeting and welcomed the visitors to the campus. The key note speaker was J.E. ''Ted'' Mock who gave a presentation about the future of geothermal development. The banquet speaker was Jesus Rivera and he spoke about Energy Sources of Central American Countries. Forty two papers were presented at the Workshop. Technical papers were organized in twelve sessions concerning: sciences, injection, production, modeling, and adsorption. Session chairmen are an important part of the workshop and our thanks go to: John Counsil, Mark Walters, Dave Duchane, David Faulder, Gudmundur Bodvarsson, Jim Lovekin, Joel Renner, and Iraj Ershaghi. The Workshop was organized by the Stanford Geothermal Program faculty, staff, and graduate students. We wish to thank Pat Ota, Ted Sumida, and Terri A. Ramey who also produces the Proceedings Volumes for publication. We owe a great deal of thanks to our students who operate audiovisual equipment and to Xianfa Deng who coordinated the meeting arrangements for the Workshop. Roland N. Home Frank G. Miller Paul Kruger William E. Brigham Jean W. Cook

  17. Thirteenth workshop on geothermal reservoir engineering: Proceedings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ramey, H.J. Jr.; Kruger, P.; Horne, R.N.; Brigham, W.E.; Miller, F.G.; Cook, J.W.

    1988-01-21

    PREFACE The Thirteenth Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering was held at Stanford University on January 19-21, 1988. Although 1987 continued to be difficult for the domestic geothermal industry, world-wide activities continued to expand. Two invited presentations on mature geothermal systems were a keynote of the meeting. Malcolm Grant presented a detailed review of Wairakei, New Zealand and highlighted plans for new development. G. Neri summarized experience on flow rate decline and well test analysis in Larderello, Italy. Attendance continued to be high with 128 registered participants. Eight foreign countries were represented: England, France, Iceland, Italy, New Zealand, Japan, Mexico and The Philippines. A discussion of future workshops produced a strong recommendation that the Stanford Workshop program continue for the future. There were forty-one technical presentations at the Workshop. All of these are published as papers in this Proceedings volume. Four technical papers not presented at the Workshop are also published. In addition to these forty five technical presentations or papers, the introductory address was given by Henry J. Ramey, Jr. from the Stanford Geothermal Program. The Workshop Banquet speaker was Gustavo Calderon from the Inter-American Development Bank. We thank him for sharing with the Workshop participants a description of the Bank???s operations in Costa Rica developing alternative energy resources, specifically Geothermal, to improve the country???s economic basis. His talk appears as a paper in the back of this volume. The chairmen of the technical sessions made an important contribution to the workshop. Other than Stanford faculty members they included: J. Combs, G. T. Cole, J. Counsil, A. Drenick, H. Dykstra, K. Goyal, P. Muffler, K. Pruess, and S. K. Sanyal. The Workshop was organized by the Stanford Geothermal Program faculty, staff and students. We would like to thank Marilyn King, Pat Oto, Terri Ramey, Bronwyn Jones, Yasmin Gulamani, and Rosalee Benelli for their valued help with the meeting arrangements and preparing the Proceedings. We also owe great thanks to our students who arranged and operated the audio-visual equipment, especially Jeralyn Luetkehans. The Thirteenth Workshop was supported by the Geothermal Technology Division of the U.S. Department of Energy through Contract No. DE-AS07-84ID12529. We deeply appreciate this continued support. Henry J. Ramey, Jr. Paul Kruger Roland N. Horne William E. Brigham Frank G. Miller Jean W. Cook

  18. Proceedings of the International Workshop on Sustainable ForestManagement: Monitoring and Verification of Greenhouse Gases

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sathaye (Ed.), Jayant; Makundi (Ed.), Willy; Goldberg (Ed.),Beth; Andrasko (Ed.), Ken; Sanchez (Ed.), Arturo

    1997-07-01

    The International Workshop on Sustainable Forest Management: Monitoring and Verification of Greenhouse Gases was held in San Jose, Costa Rica, July 29-31, 1996. The main objectives of the workshop were to: (1) assemble key practitioners of forestry greenhouse gas (GHG) or carbon offset projects, remote sensing of land cover change, guidelines development, and the forest products certification movement, to offer presentations and small group discussions on findings relevant to the crucial need for the development of guidelines for monitoring and verifying offset projects, and (2) disseminate the findings to interested carbon offset project developers and forestry and climate change policy makers, who need guidance and consistency of methods to reduce project transaction costs and increase probable reliability of carbon benefits, at appropriate venues. The workshop brought together about 45 participants from developed, developing, and transition countries. The participants included researchers, government officials, project developers, and staff from regional and international agencies. Each shared his or her perspectives based on experience in the development and use of methods for monitoring and verifying carbon flows from forest areas and projects. A shared sense among the participants was that methods for monitoring forestry projects are well established, and the techniques are known and used extensively, particularly in production forestry. Introducing climate change with its long-term perspective is often in conflict with the shorter-term perspective of most forestry projects and standard accounting principles. The resolution of these conflicts may require national and international agreements among the affected parties. The establishment of guidelines and protocols for better methods that are sensitive to regional issues will be an important first step to increase the credibility of forestry projects as viable mitigation options. The workshop deliberations led to three primary outputs: (1) a Workshop Statement in the JI Quarterly, September, 1996; (2) the publication of a series of selected peer-reviewed technical papers from the workshop in a report of the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL. 40501); and (3) a special issue of the journal ''Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change'', Kluwer Academic Publishers. The outputs will be distributed to practitioners in this field and to negotiators attending the Framework Convention on Climate Change (FCCC) deliberations leading up to the Third conference of Parties in Kyoto, in December 1997.

  19. Demonstration with Energy and Daylighting Assessment of Sunlight Responsive Thermochromic (SRT) Window Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Broekhuis, Michael; Liposcak, Curtis; Witte, Michael; Henninger, Robert; Zhou, Xiaohui; Petzen, George; Buchanan, Michael; Kumar, Sneh

    2012-03-31

    Pleotint, LLC was able to successfully extrude thermochromic interlayer for use in the fenestration industry. Pleotint has developed a thermochromic sytem that requires two thermochromic colors to make a neutral color when in the tinted state. These two colors were assembled into a single interlayer called a tri-layer prelam by Crown Operations for use in the glass lamination industry. Various locations, orientations, and constructions of thermochromic windows were studied with funds from this contract. Locations included Australia, California, Costa Rica, Indiana, Iowa, Mexico. Installed orientations included vertical and skylight glazing applications. Various constructions included monolithic, double pane, triple pane constructions. A daylighting study was conducted at LinEl Signature. LinEl Signature has a conference room with a sylight roof system that has a west orientation. The existing LinEl Signature conference room had constant tint 40% VLT transparent skylights. Irradiance meters were installed on the interior and exterior sides of a constant tint skylight. After a month and a half of data collection, the irradiance meters were removed and the constant tint skylights were replaced with Pleotint thermochromic skylight windows. The irradiance meters were reinstalled in the same locations and irradiance data was collected. Both data sets were compared. The data showed that there was a linear relationship with exterior and interior irradiance for the existing constant tint skylights. The thermochromic skylights have a non-linear relationship. The thermochromic skylights were able to limit the amount of irradiance that passed through the thermochromic skylight. A second study of the LinEl Signature conference was performed using EnergyPlus to calculate the amount of Illuminance that passed through constant tint skylights as compared to thermochromic skylights. The constant tint skylights transmitted Illuminance is 2.8 times higher than the thermochromic skylights during the months of May, June, July, August and 1.9 times higher than the thermochromic skylight during the months of March, April, September, October. Calculated illuminance levels were much more consistent as compared to the existing constant tint skylights installed at LinEl Signature. This allows for a more comfortable interior space in regard to glare discomfort and interior lighting control. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory was contracted to characterize the performance of the thermochromic interlayer and thermochromic window systems. Thermochromic interlayer was characterized with spectrometer equipment. The thermochromic window systems were characterized using LBNL’s Advanced Window Test Facility. A copy of the report can be found in the Appendix. Iowa State University was contracted to compare thermochromic window technology to constant tint technology. Iowa State University conducted the testing at the Energy Resource Station (ERS). The ERS has the ability to simultaneously test side-by-side competing building technologies. The building is equipped with two identical air handling units, each with its own dedicated and identical chiller. One air handling unit supplies the four test rooms designated as the A rooms and the other unit serves the four test rooms designated as the B rooms. There is one A test room and one B test rooms arranged as pairs in a side-by-side design with each pair having a different exposure. There is a pair of test rooms that face the south, an east and west facing pair. Each of the test rooms is a mirror image of its match with identical construction. The rooms are unoccupied; however, the capability to impose false loads on the rooms exists. The false loads and room lighting can be scheduled to simulate various usage patterns. A copy of the report can be found in the Appendix. GARD Analytics was contracted to compare EnergyPlus building simulations to the data recorded at the Iowa ERS. The goal of this research was to validate the building simulation software developed by the US Department of Energy. EnergyPlus is