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1

UF in Belize Marine Ecology and Conservation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

UF in Belize Marine Ecology and Conservation Spring Extended: May 26-June 2, 2014 Understand Marine Ecology and Conservation. Explain Marine Ecology, Habitat, and Conservation Terms as they Relate to the Tropics of Belize. Compare and Contrast Marine Ecology, Habitat, and Conservation Principles and Practices

Florida, University of

2

PREPARATION AND PROPERTIES OF THE ACTINIDE BOROHYDRIDES: Pa(BH4)4, Np(BH4)4, AND Pu(BH4)4  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pa (BH4 ) 4' Np (BH ) 4' AND Pu (BH ) 4 R. H. Banks, N. M.Pa(BH4 )4' Np(BH 4 )4' and Pu(BH4)4t R. H. Banks, N. M.Pa(BH )4' Np(BH )4' and Pu(BH )4 have been synthesized. U(

Banks, R.H

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Belize: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Belize: Energy Resources Belize: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"390px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":17.25,"lon":-88.75,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

4

UF in Belize Wildlife Ecology & Conservation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

UF in Belize Wildlife Ecology & Conservation Spring Break March 1-9, 2014 Understand Ecology and Conservation. Explain Concepts and Terms. Compare and Contrast Wildlife Ecology, Habitat, and Conservation & Life Sciences Department of Wildlife Ecology and Conservation Courses are taught by UF faculty WIS4905

Watson, Craig A.

5

Belize-Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Belize-Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap and Belize-Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap and Strategy Jump to: navigation, search Name Belize-Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap and Strategy Agency/Company /Organization Inter-American Development Bank, World Watch Institute (WWI) Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Greenhouse Gas, Grid Assessment and Integration, Industry, People and Policy, Transportation Topics Background analysis, Baseline projection, Finance, GHG inventory, Implementation, Low emission development planning, -Roadmap, Market analysis, Policies/deployment programs, Resource assessment, Technology characterizations Program Start 2012 Program End 2012 Country Belize Central America

6

Belize-OAS Cellulosic Ethanol Market Assessment | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Belize-OAS Cellulosic Ethanol Market Assessment Belize-OAS Cellulosic Ethanol Market Assessment Jump to: navigation, search Name Belize-OAS Cellulosic Ethanol Market Assessment Agency/Company /Organization Organization of American States (OAS) Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Biomass Topics Market analysis, Background analysis Website http://www.sepa-americas.net/p Program Start 2008 Program End 2009 Country Belize UN Region Latin America and the Caribbean References OAS Project Database[1] "The main objective of the Project is to assess the market potential for cellulosic ethanol in Belize through sustainable implementation of cellulosic ethanol technology utilizing agricultural and forest residues as primary biomass feedstock. A supplementary objective will be to help prepare for potential future cellulosic ethanol projects in other Caribbean

7

Belize-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Belize-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model Belize-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model Jump to: navigation, search Name Belize-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model Agency/Company /Organization World Watch Institute Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy Topics Background analysis, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.worldwatch.org/node Country Belize Central America References Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model[1] Overview "This project will design a unified low-carbon development strategy for Central America through the use of renewable energy and energy efficiency maps, followed by technical, economic, and social feasibility studies for

8

Microsoft Word - BH-OM-1089 NEPA.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

BH-OM-1089 BH-OM-1089 Title: BH Fence Extension Modifications Description: Subcontractor shall shall provide all labor, materials, equipment, tools, fabrication, transportation, supervision, mobile lifting equipment, and rigging required to install BH fence modifications. Regulatory Requirements: NEPA Implementing Procedures (10 CFR 1021) 10 CFR 1021.410 (Application of Categorical Exclusions) (a) The actions listed in Appendices A and B of Subpart D are classes of actions that DOE has determined do not individually or cumulatively have a significant effect on the human environment (categorical exclusions). (b) To find that a proposal is categorically excluded, DOE shall determine the following: (1) The proposed action fits within a class of actions that is listed in Appendix A or B of Subpart D;

9

Microsoft Word - BH-09-038 NEPA.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

BH-09-038 BH-09-038 Title: Lower BH 36" Crude Oil Pipeline at the Needmore Diversion Channel Description: Subcontractor shall shall provide all labor, tools, materials (except GFE), equipment, and supervision required to lower the existing BH 36" crude oil pipeline at the Needmore Diversion Channel and to install a new block valve and valve station. Excavation for the installation of the new portion of the 36" crude oil line, backfill and removal of the decommissioned section of the existing 36" line will be the responsibility of Jefferson County Drainage District No. 6 under the direction of a Government Representative. Regulatory Requirements: NEPA Implementing Procedures (10 CFR 1021) 10 CFR 1021.410 (Application of Categorical Exclusions)

10

Microsoft Word - BH-MM-1024 NEPA.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Title: Replace BH Circuit Breakers OCB-4009, 4010 and 4011 (Install) Description: Subcontractor shall provide all labor, supervision, tools, equipment, materials (except GFE) and transportation required to remove existing BH oil circuit breakers OCB-4009, 4010 and 4011 and install three new 138 kV SF 6 circuit breakers (supplied as government furnished equipment) on the existing foundations. Tasks include all electrical work and testing of equipment. Regulatory Requirements: NEPA Implementing Procedures (10 CFR 1021) 10 CFR 1021.410 (Application of Categorical Exclusions) (a) The actions listed in Appendices A and B of Subpart D are classes of actions that DOE has determined do not individually or cumulatively have a significant effect on the human environment

11

Microsoft Word - BH-09-038A NEPA.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

A A Title: Lower BH 36" Crude Oil Pipeline at the Needmore Diversion Channel GFE Description: Manufacturer/supplier shall provide 36" diameter pipe with fusion bonded epoxy coating, for crude oil service and store the pipe material until picked up by others. The manufacturer/supplier shall load materials onto Contractor supplied transportation. Installation of this Government Furnished Equiopment (GFE) will be performed by others under BH-09-038. Regulatory Requirements: NEPA Implementing Procedures (10 CFR 1021) 10 CFR 1021.410 (Application of Categorical Exclusions) (a) The actions listed in Appendices A and B of Subpart D are classes of actions that DOE has determined do not individually or cumulatively have a significant effect on the human environment

12

Costa Rica-Supporting the Zero Emissions Strategy of Costa Rica | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Costa Rica-Supporting the Zero Emissions Strategy of Costa Rica Costa Rica-Supporting the Zero Emissions Strategy of Costa Rica Jump to: navigation, search Name Costa Rica-Supporting the Zero Emissions Strategy Agency/Company /Organization German Agency for International Cooperation (GIZ) Partner Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency Topics Low emission development planning, Pathways analysis Program Start 2011 Program End 2013 Country Costa Rica Central America References GTZ Schwerpunkte[1] GIZ[2] Contents 1 Overview 1.1 Costa Rica 1.2 Maldives 2 Outcomes, Lessons Learned and Good Practices 3 References Overview Costa Rica Maldives The Maldives are less the 2.5 m above sea level. Hence, the danger from climate change is crucial. At the same time the Maldives' economy,

13

Energiegesellschaft Nordost mBH e n o | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energiegesellschaft Nordost mBH e n o Energiegesellschaft Nordost mBH e n o Jump to: navigation, search Name Energiegesellschaft Nordost mBH (e.n.o.) Place Germany Sector Renewable Energy, Wind energy Product German based Construction Company specialising in the planning, financing, operation and management of renewable power projects particularly wind. References Energiegesellschaft Nordost mBH (e.n.o.)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Energiegesellschaft Nordost mBH (e.n.o.) is a company located in Germany . References ↑ "Energiegesellschaft Nordost mBH (e.n.o.)" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Energiegesellschaft_Nordost_mBH_e_n_o&oldid=344807

14

NPP Tropical Forest: La Selva, Costa Rica  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

view a series of images from this site). Data Citation Cite this data set as follows: Clark, D. A. 1998. NPP Tropical Forest: La Selva, Costa Rica, 1969-1985. Data set. Available...

15

RECORD OF CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION DETERMINATION Project 10 No. BH-MM-746  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

BH-MM-746 BH-MM-746 Title: BH Anhydrite Pond Liner Replacement Description: Subcontractor shall provide all labor, tools, equipment, materials, consumables, services, insurance, transportation, storage and supervision required to replace the BH Anhydrite Pond Liner. Regulatory Requirements: NEPA Implementing Procedures (10 CFR 1021) 10 CFR 1021.410 (Application of Categorical Exclusions) (a) The actions listed in Appendices A and B of Subpart D are classes of actions that DOE has determined do not individually or cumulatively have a significant effect on the human environment (categorical exclusions). (b) To find that a proposal is categorically excluded, DOE shall determine the following: (1) The proposed action fits within a class of actions that is listed in Appendix A or B of Subpart D;

16

RECORD OF CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION DETERMINATION Project ID No. BH-DS-171  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DS-171 DS-171 Title: Use RW Surge Line to BH Anhydrite Pond for RWIS Recycle Description: DOE M&O Contractor will cap the existing recycle line at the BH raw water intake structure for repair work and install a valve in place of the existing surge relief valve to serve as a recycle valve to control flow from the BH raw water intake pumps. The raw water surge line will discharge to the BH anhydrite pond while repairs are being made to the recycle line. Regulatory Requirements: NEPA Implementing Procedures (10 CFR 1021) 10 CFR 1021.410 (Application of Categorical Exclusions) (a) The actions listed in Appendices A and B of Subpart 0 are classes of actions that DOE has determined do not individually or cumulatively have a significant effect on the human environment

17

Odd-Z Transactinide Compound Nucleus Reactions Including the Discovery of 260Bh  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3.3.2.4 245 Es Random Event Analysis for the 208 Pb( 51 V,Fission of 262 Bh Random Event Analysis Excitation FunctionsRf Lr Md, 248 Fm Random Event Analysis Discussion Comparison

Nelson, Sarah L

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Flexibility and specificity of the interaction of MCL-1 with BIM BH3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Interactions among proteins of the BCL-2 family regulate apoptosis - the process of programmed cell death. This thesis focuses on interactions between anti-apoptotic BCL-2 proteins and BH3 peptides derived from pro-apoptotic ...

Fire, Emiko J. (Emiko June)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Costa Rica: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Costa Rica: Energy Resources Costa Rica: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"390px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":10,"lon":-84,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

20

Costa Rica-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM)  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Costa Rica-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Costa Rica-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Costa Rica-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Name Costa Rica-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM) Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Partner Global Environment Facility (GEF), Government of Denmark Sector Climate, Energy, Land Topics Adaptation, Co-benefits assessment, - Environmental and Biodiversity, Finance, Implementation, Low emission development planning Website http://www.unep.org/climatecha Program Start 2011 Program End 2013 Country Costa Rica UN Region Central America References Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM)[1]

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rica bh belize" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Costa Rica-NREL Energy Activities | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Costa-Rica NREL Cooperation Costa-Rica NREL Cooperation Name Costa-Rica NREL Cooperation Agency/Company /Organization National Renewable Energy Laboratory Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency Topics Background analysis Website http://www.nrel.gov/internatio Country Costa Rica Central America References NREL International Program [1] Abstract The National Renewable Energy Laboratory is cooperating with Costa Rica to develop an Energy Efficiency Center as part of the Low Carbon Communities of the Americas program. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory is cooperating with Costa Rica to develop an Energy Efficiency Center as part of the Low Carbon Communities of the Americas program. References ↑ "NREL International Program" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Costa_Rica-NREL_Energy_Activities&oldid=375255

22

RECORD OF CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION DETERMINATION Project ID No. BH-09-080  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Door Repairs Door Repairs Description: Subcontractor shall provide all materials, equipment, tools, transportation, supervision, labor, mobile lifting equipment, and rigging needed to repair the doors on BH Buildings 802 and 812. Tasks include replacing one damaged coiling steel door, one damaged pedestrian door and damaged building components on BH Building 802; and replacing two corroded pedestrian doors, their frames and hardware, and damaged building trim components on BH Building 812. Regulatory Requirements: NEPA Implementing Procedures (10 CFR 1021) 10 CFR 1021.410 (Application of Categorical Exclusions) (a) The actions listed in Appendices A and B of Subpart D are classes of actions that DOE has determined do not individually or cumulatively have a significant effect on the human environment

23

RECORD OF CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION DETERMINATION Project ID No. BH-MM-658  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

658 658 Title: Rework BH 36" Crude Oil Pipeline Mainline Valves Description: Subcontractor shall furnish all labor, tools, materials, equipment and supervision required to rework the BH 36" crude oil pipeline mainline valves. Tasks include excavation of the valve stations, installation of vent valves, and rework of the crude oil pipeline mainline valves. Regulatory Requirements: NEPA Implementing Procedures (10 CFR 1021) 10 CFR 1021.410 (Application of Categorical Exclusions) (a) The actions listed in Appendices A and B of Subpart D are classes of actions that DOE has determined do not individually or cumulatively have a significant effect on the human environment

24

Costa Rica-Mitigation of Greenhouse Gas Emissions through Avoided...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Avoided Deforestation of Tropical Rainforests on Privately-owned Lands in High Conservation Value Areas Jump to: navigation, search Name Costa Rica-Mitigation of Greenhouse...

25

Metastability And Crystal Structure of The Bialkali Complex Metal Hydride NaK(BH4)2  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A new bialkali borohydride, NaK(BH{sub 4}){sub 2}, was synthesized by mechanical milling of NaBH4 and KBH4 in a 1:1 ratio. The synthesis was conducted based on a prediction from a computational screening of hydrogen storage materials suggesting the potential stability of NaK(BH{sub 4}){sub 2}. The new phase was characterized using X-ray diffraction, Raman scattering and magic angle spinning (MAS) nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). The Raman measurements indicated B-H vibrations of the (BH{sub 4}){sup -} anion, while magnetic resonance chemical shifts in {sup 23}Na, and {sup 39}K MAS NMR spectra showed new chemical environments for Na and K resulting from the formation of the new bialkali phase. X-ray diffraction spectra indicated a new crystal structure with rhombohedral symmetry, most likely in the space group R3, distinct from the starting materials NaBH{sub 4}, and KBH{sub 4}. Although in-situ XRD measurements indicated the material to be metastable, decomposing to the starting materials NaBH{sub 4} and KBH{sub 4}, the successful synthesis of NaK(BH{sub 4}){sub 2} demonstrates the ability of computational screening to predict candidates for hydrogen storage materials.

Seballos, L; Zhang, J Z; Ronnebro, E; Herberg, J L; Majzoub, E H

2008-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

26

UNDP-Costa Rica Regional Programme for LAC - Preparation of Sectoral...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Costa Rica Regional Programme for LAC - Preparation of Sectoral LEDs for transport and agriculture Jump to: navigation, search Name UNDP-Costa Rica Regional Programme for LAC -...

27

Costa Rica-Mitigation of Greenhouse Gas Emissions through Avoided  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Greenhouse Gas Emissions through Avoided Greenhouse Gas Emissions through Avoided Deforestation of Tropical Rainforests on Privately-owned Lands in High Conservation Value Areas Jump to: navigation, search Name Costa Rica-Mitigation of Greenhouse Gas Emissions through Avoided Deforestation of Tropical Rainforests on Privately-owned Lands in High Conservation Value Areas Agency/Company /Organization Government of Costa Rica, Peace with Nature Sector Land Focus Area Forestry Topics Co-benefits assessment, Implementation, Policies/deployment programs, Resource assessment, Background analysis Resource Type Publications Website http://www.paxnatura.org/pax_n Country Costa Rica UN Region Latin America and the Caribbean References Costa Rica[1] Overview References ↑ "Costa Rica" Retrieved from

28

RECORD OF CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION DETERMINATION Project ID No. BH-MM-761  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Title: Replace BH RWIS Oil Water Separator Tank with Concrete Tank Description: Subcontractor shall furnish all labor, tools, materials, equipment and supervision required to replace the BH RWIS oil water separator tank with a new concrete tank. Regulatory Requirements: NEPA Implementing Procedures (10 CFR 1021) 10 CFR 1021.410 (Application of Categorical Exclusions) (a) The actions listed in Appendices A and B of Subpart D are classes of actions that DOE has determined do not individually or cumulatively have a significant effect on the human environment (categorical exclusions). (b) To find that a proposal is categorically excluded, DOE shall determine the following: (1) The proposed action fits within a class of actions that is listed in Appendix A or B of Subpart D;

29

RECORD OF CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION DETERMINATION Project ID No. BH-10-028  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

10-028 10-028 Title: Re-seal Polyurethane Overcoat on BH Substation Relay Building 814 Description: Subcontractor shall furnish all services, tools, equipment, supplies, transportation, facilities, labor, supervision, and materials needed to repair, clean, and re-coat the existing Polyurethane Foam Roofing System on the BH Substation relay Building 814. Regulatory Requirements: NEPA Implementing Procedures (10 CFR 1021) 10 CFR 1021.410 (Application of Categorical Exclusions) (a) The actions listed in Appendices A and B of Subpart D are classes of actions that DOE has determined do not individually or cumulatively have a significant effect on the human environment (categorical exclusions). (b) To find that a proposal is categorically excluded, DOE shall determine the following:

30

RECORD OF CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION DETERMINATION Project ID No. BH-OM-1012  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

OM-1012 OM-1012 Title: BH Raw Water Brine Header Piping Inspection Description: Subcontractor shall provide all supervision, transportation, labor, materials and equipment required to locate, excavate, and inspect two locations of the BH Raw Water/Brine Site Piping Header. Inspections will be performed by Automated Ultrasonic Testing. All work will be done on Government property. Regulatory Requirements: NEPA Implementing Procedures (10 CFR 1021) 10 CFR 1021.410 (Application of Categorical Exclusions) (a) The actions listed in Appendices A and B of Subpart 0 are classes of actions that DOE has determined do not individually or cumulatively have a significant effect on the human environment (categorical exclusions). (b) To find that a proposal is categorically excluded, DOE shall determine the following:

31

Microsoft Word - BH-MM-1066,BM-MM-1067,WH-MM-1068.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

, BM-MM-1067, WH-MM-1068 , BM-MM-1067, WH-MM-1068 Title: Pumping System for 100 MBD Cavern Capacity Maintenance - BH, BM, WH Description: Subcontractor shall provide all labor, tools, materials, equipment, services, transportation, storage and supervision required to install new Variable Frequency Drive (VFD) buildings at the BH, BM, and WH SPR sites. The buildings will house the VFD electrical system used to control the operation of the site pumps. Tasks include excavation for all foundations; construction of concrete foundation, steel support structure, and precast concrete deck; and installation of GFE pre-fabricated metal building on concrete deck. Subcontractor shall evaluate and implement Green Building Design where applicable. Regulatory Requirements: NEPA Implementing Procedures (10 CFR 1021)

32

RECORD OF CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION DETERMINATION Project ID No. BH-MM-785  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

85 85 Title: Install Temperature Monitoring on BH 36 inch Crude Oil Pipeline Description: Subcontractor shall shall provide all labor, materials, tools, equipment, and supervision required to install temperature monitoring instrumentation on the BH 36 inch crude oil pipeline at valve stations 8PL00-MOV-02, 8PL00-MOV-04, 8PL00-MOV-05, and 8PL00- MOV-15. Tasks include installation of thermocouples, transmitters, and cables. Regulatory Requirements: NEPA Implementing Procedures (10 CFR 1021) 10 CFR 1021.410 (Application of Categorical Exclusions) (a) The actions listed in Appendices A and B of Subpart D are classes of actions that DOE has determined do not individually or cumulatively have a significant effect on the human environment

33

Quasielastic neutron scattering of -NH3 and -BH3 rotational dynamics in orthorhombic ammonia borane  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Neutrons scattering techniques are ideally suited to directly probe H in materials due to the large incoherent scattering cross-section of hydrogen atom, and have been invaluable in providing direct insight into the local fluctuations and large amplitude motions in AB. Dihydrogen bonding may have a significant affect on materials to be used to store hydrogen for fuel-cell powered applications. We have noticed a trend of low temperature release of H2 in materials composed of hydridic and protonic hydrogen. This phenomenon has caught our attention and motivated our interest to gain more insight into dihydrogen bonding interactions in AB. We present results from a thorough Quasielastic Neutron Scattering (QENS) investigation of diffusive hydrogen motion in NH311BH3 and ND311BH3 to obtain (1) a direct measure of the rotational energy barriers the protonated species and (2) a confirmation of the 3-site jump model for rotational motion. The amplitude of the energy barrier of rotation of BH3 and NH3 determined by QENS are compared to those determined for BD3 and ND3 determined by 2H NMR studies.

Hess, Nancy J.; Hartman, Michael R.; Brown, Craig; Mamontov, Eugene; Karkamkar, Abhijeet J.; Heldebrant, David J.; Daemen, Luke L.; Autrey, Thomas

2008-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

34

Incae Business School, Costa Rica | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Incae Business School, Costa Rica Incae Business School, Costa Rica Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Incae Business School Name Incae Business School Address http://www.incae.edu/ Place Costa Rica References http://www.incae.edu/ No information has been entered for this organization. Add Organization Mission To actively promote the comprehensive development of the countries served, educating leaders in key sectors by improving their practices, attitudes, and values: Through research, teaching and the dissemination of modern managerial concepts and techniques By strengthening analytical capabilities and comprehension of economic, social, and political phenomena By promoting dialogue, understanding and cooperation amongst individuals, sectors, and countries References Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Incae_Business_School,_Costa_Rica&oldid=543416"

35

Costa Rica-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Costa Rica-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies Costa Rica-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies (EC-LEDS) Jump to: navigation, search Name Costa Rica-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies (EC-LEDS) Agency/Company /Organization United States Agency for International Development, United States Environmental Protection Agency, United States Department of Energy, United States Department of Agriculture, United States Department of State Sector Climate, Energy, Land Topics Low emission development planning, -LEDS Program Start 2010 Program End 2016 Country Costa Rica Central America References EC-LEDS[1] Contents 1 Overview 2 Framework 3 Lessons Learned and Good Practices 4 Progress and Outcomes 5 Fact Sheet 6 References Overview "Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies (EC-LEDS) is a

36

Costa Rica-LEDS Tier I Activities | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Costa Rica-LEDS Tier I Activities Costa Rica-LEDS Tier I Activities Jump to: navigation, search Name Costa Rica-LEDS Tier I Activities Agency/Company /Organization United States Department of State, United States Department of Agriculture Partner Multiple Ministries of Agriculture Sector Climate, Land Focus Area Agriculture, Land Use Topics Co-benefits assessment, Low emission development planning, -LEDS Website http://transition.usaid.gov/ou Program Start 2011 Program End 2014 Country Costa Rica Central America References Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies Program[1] Overview "Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies (EC-LEDS) is a U.S. Government initiative to support developing countries' efforts to pursue long-term, transformative development and accelerate sustainable,

37

Costa Rica-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Costa Rica-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model Jump to: navigation, search Name Costa-Rica-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional...

38

América Latina | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

América Latina América Latina Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): En este capítulo se presenta una breve reseña de las circunstancias socioeconómicas, topográficas y climatológicas de Guatemala. Se mencionan las fuentes de energías renovables del país, que no caben en el enfoque de este documento, y se discuten unas características generales de las energías renovables. (Purpose): Nacionale informe borrador Source MEM Guatemala Date Released November 14th, 2005 (8 years ago) Date Updated November 07th, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords América Latina documentation Guatemala renewable energy solar SWERA wind Data application/pdf icon Download Report (pdf, 10 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period 2005

39

Odd-Z Transactinide Compound Nucleus Reactions Including the Discovery of 260Bh  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Several reactions producing odd-Z transactinide compound nuclei were studiedwith the 88-Inch Cyclotron and the Berkeley Gas-Filled Separator at the LawrenceBerkeley National Laboratory. The goal was to produce the same compound nucleus ator near the same excitation energy with similar values of angular momentum via differentnuclear reactions. In doing so, it can be determined if there is a preference in entrancechannel, because under these experimental conditions the survival portion of Swiatecki, Siwek-Wilcznska, and Wilczynski's"Fusion By Diffusion" model is nearly identical forthe two reactions. Additionally, because the same compound nucleus is produced, theexit channel is the same. Four compound nuclei were examined in this study: 258Db, 262Bh, 266Mt, and 272Rg. These nuclei were produced by using very similar heavy-ion induced-fusion reactions which differ only by one proton in the projectile or target nucleus (e.g.: 50Ti + 209Bi vs. 51V + 208Pb). Peak 1n exit channel cross sections were determined for each reaction in each pair, and three of the four pairs' cross sections were identical within statistical uncertainties. This indicates there is not an obvious preference of entrancechannel in these paired reactions. Charge equilibration immediately prior to fusionleading to a decreased fusion barrier is the likely cause of this phenomenon. In addition to this systematic study, the lightest isotope of element 107, bohrium, was discovered in the 209Bi(52Cr,n) reaction. 260Bh was found to decay by emission of a 10.16 MeV alpha particle with a half-life of 35 ms. The cross section is 59 pb at an excitation energy of 15.0 MeV. The effect of the N = 152 shell is also seen in this isotope's alpha particle energy, the first evidence of such an effect in Bh. All reactions studied are also compared to model predictions by Swiatecki, Siwek-Wilcznska, and Wilczynski's"Fusion By Diffusion" theory.

Nelson, Sarah L; Nelson, Sarah L

2008-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

40

RECORD OF CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION DETERMINATION Project ID No. BH-09-130  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

130 130 Title: Replacement of BH Deep Anode Ground Bed Site for Cavern 114 Description: Subcontractor shall provide all materials, tools, equipment, supplies, transportation, facilities, labor, supervision, and services required for the installation of a deep anode ground bed site at BM Cavern 114. Regulatory Requirements: NEPA Implementing Procedures (10 CFR 1021) 10 CFR 1021.410 (Application of Categorical Exclusions) (a) The actions listed in Appendices A and B of Subpart D are classes of actions that DOE has determined do not individually or cumulatively have a significant effect on the human environment (categorical exclusions). (b) To find that a proposal is categorically excluded, DOE shall determine the following: (1) The proposed action fits within a class of actions that is listed in Appendix A or B of Subpart D;

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41

AL 3 (BH 261): a new globular cluster in the Galaxy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AL~3 (BH 261), previously classified as a faint open cluster candidate, is shown to be a new globular cluster in the Milky Way, by means of B, V and I Color-Magnitude Diagrams. The main feature of AL~3 is a prominent blue extended Horizontal Branch. Its Color-Magnitude Diagrams match those of the intermediate metallicity cluster M~5. The cluster is projected in a rich bulge field, also contaminated by the disk main sequence. The globular cluster is located in the Galactic bulge at a distance from the Sun d$_{\\odot}$ = 6.0$\\pm$0.5 kpc. The reddening is E(B-V)=0.36$\\pm$0.03 and the metallicity is estimated to be [Fe/H] $\\approx$ -1.3$\\pm$0.25. AL~3 is probably one of the least massive globular clusters of the Galaxy.

S. Ortolani; E. Bica; B. Barbuy

2006-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

42

Electrostatics and Flexibility Drive Membrane Recognition and Early Penetration by Antimicrobial Peptide Dendrimer bH1  

SciTech Connect

Molecular dynamics simulation of polycationic antimicrobial peptide dendrimer bH1 (Leu)8(DapLeu)4(DapPhe)2DapLys- NH2 binding to membranes suggest that electrostatic 10 interactions with the polyanionic lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and conformational flexibility of the 2,3-diaminopropanoic acid (Dap) branching units drive its selective insertion into microbial membranes.

Ravi, Harish Kumar; Stach, Michaela; Soares, Thereza A.; Darbre, Tamis; Reymond, Jean-Louis; Cascella, Michele

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

NPP Grassland: Cañas, Costa Rica  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cañas, Costa Rica, 1969-1970 Cañas, Costa Rica, 1969-1970 [PHOTOGRAPH] Photograph: Exclosure at the Cañas site (click on the photo to view a series of images from this site). Data Citation Cite this data set as follows: Daubenmire, J. 1997. NPP Grassland: Cañas, Costa Rica, 1969-1970. Data set. Available on-line [http://www.daac.ornl.gov] from Oak Ridge National Laboratory Distributed Active Archive Center, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A. Description Productivity of a derived savanna was determined at the Cañas study site in north-western Costa Rica. Monthly dynamics of above-ground plant matter (live biomass, total live + dead standing crop and estimated mortality) were monitored from July 1969 to June 1970. The Cañas study site (10.4 N 85.1 W) was situated 8 km northwest of the town of Cañas in Guanacaste Province, 1.8 km from the Cañas (La Pacifica)

44

Constructive hierarchy through entitlement: inequality in lithic resource access among the ancient Maya of Blue Creek, Belize  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation tests the theory that lithic raw materials were a strategic resource among the ancient Maya of Blue Creek, Belize that markedly influenced the development of socio-economic hierarchies at the site. Recent research has brought attention to the role of critical resource control as a mechanism contributing to the development of political economies among the ancient Maya. Such research has been primarily focused on the control of access to water and agricultural land. The examination of lithic raw materials as a critical economic resource is warranted as stone tools constituted a fundamental component of the ancient Maya economy. My research objectives include measuring raw material variability in the Blue Creek settlement zone and its immediate environs, assessing the amount of spatial and temporal variability present in the distribution of various raw materials, determining the degree to which proximity to a given resource influenced the relative level of its use, and testing whether differential resource access relates to variability in aggregate expressions of wealth. To meet these objectives, I examined 2136 formal stone tools and 24,944 pieces of debitage from excavations across the Blue Creek settlement zone, and I developed a lithic raw material type collection using natural outcrops. Significant spatial and temporal differences were observed in the use of various raw materials. Control of critical resources under conditions of scarcity is shown to have caused social stratification among the ancient Maya of Blue Creek. Initial disparities in use-right arrangements based on first occupancy rights produced substantial, accumulative inequality in economic capability and subsequent achievements. During the Early Classic period, these disproportionate allowances ultimately undermined the more egalitarian structure observed during the Preclassic. The Early Classic period at Blue Creek is characterized by increasing extravagance among the elites and increasing disenfranchisement throughout the hinterlands when compared to earlier periods. This suggests that elites at the site only became fully able to convert their resource monopolies into substantial gains in power, prestige, and wealth during the Classic period.

Barrett, Jason Wallace

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Costa Rica-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Costa Rica-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Costa Rica-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Jump to: navigation, search Name Costa Rica-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) Agency/Company /Organization Center for Clean Air Policy (CCAP) Partner ICI, Environment Canada, BP, World Bank Institute, Thailand, Ministry of Energy Thailand, Ministry of Industry Thailand, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Thailand, Pollution Control Department, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Philippines, Climate Change Commission Philippines, Department of Environment and Natural Resources Vietnam, Ministry of Planning and Investment Vietnam, Sub-Institute of Hydrometeorology and Environment of South Vietnam, Ministry of Industry and Trade Vietnam, Ministry of Finance Indonesia, Ministry of Public Works Indonesia, Ministry of Transport Indonesia, Dept. of Clean & Efficient Energy Technology Implementation Indonesia, National Council on Climate Change Malaysia, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Malaysia, Dept. of Economic Planning Malaysia, Ministry of Green Technology, Energy and Water Malaysia, Land Public Transport Commission India, Central Electricity Regulatory Commission Pakistan, Dept. of Planning & Development Pakistan, Ministry of Finance Pakistan, Ministry of Foreign Affairs Pakistan, Ministry of Water and Power Germany, Federal Environment Ministry Argentina, Ministry of Energy Argentina, Ministry of Industry Chile, Ministry of Environment Chile, Ministry of Energy Chile, Ministry of Transport Chile, Ministry of Finance Colombia, Ministry of Environment Colombia, Ministry of Transport Colombia, Department of National Planning Colombia, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Climate Change Direction Costa Rica, Ministry of Agriculture Costa Rica, Ministry of Housing Costa Rica, Ministry of Energy Dominican Republic, National Climate Change Commission Dominican Republic, National Energy Commission Dominican Republic, Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources Dominican Republic, Ministry of Economy, Planning and Development Dominican Republic, Technical Office for Land Transport (OTTT) Panama Canal Authority Panama Maritime Authority Peru, Ministry of Environment Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Peru, Ministry of Transport and Communications Peru, Ministry of Energy and Mines Uruguay, Ministry of the Environment Uruguay, National Transport Directorate Uruguay, Ministry of Industry, Energy and Minerals Uruguay, Ministry of Agriculture Canada, Ministry of the Environment Norway, Ministry of the Environment Sweden, Department of the Environment UK, Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC), Danish Government

46

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL ... World Total ww (Billion Kilowatthours) 6.3 World Net Electricity Generation by Type ...

47

EIA Table E.1C  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... World Total ww NA - - Table Posted: December 19, 2008

48

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... 6.1 World Net Conventional Thermal Electricity Generation ...

49

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL ... 1.5 World Net Hydroelectric Power Consumption, 1980-2007 Energy Information Administration

50

[2  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR ... E.2 World Petroleum Consumption (Btu), 1980-2006 Energy Information Administration

51

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR ... World Total ww--Energy Information Administration Table Notes and Sources ...

52

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL ... Table 6.4t World Conventional Thermal Electricity Installed Capacity, January 1, 1980 ...

53

national total  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... World Total ww NA--Table Posted: December 8, ...

54

Gateway:América Latina | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Latina Latina Jump to: navigation, search Banner vertical.jpg Energías Renovables Energia_solar Solar Eolica Eólica Geotermica Geotérmica Hidráulica Hidráulica Biomasa Biomasa Marina Marina Centros Latinoamericanos Desarrollo de Proyectos Marco Regulatorio Países Latinoamericanos Argentina Argentina Bolivia Bolivia Brazil Brazil Chile Chile Colombia Colombia Costa Rica Costa Rica Cuba Cuba Ecuador Ecuador El Salvador El Salvador Guatemala Guatemala Haiti Haiti Honduras Honduras Mexico Mexico Nicaragua Nicaragua Panama Panama Paraguay Paraguay Peru Peru Republica Dominicana Dominican Republic Uruguay Uruguay Venezuela Venezuela Otros sitios de interés Reegle, el motor de búsqueda de energías renovables y eficiencia energética Power Technologies Energy Data Book Asociación Latinoaméricana de Energía Eólica

55

Tetrabutylammonium cation in a homoleptic environment of borohydride ligands: [(n-Bu){sub 4}N][BH{sub 4}] and [(n-Bu){sub 4}N][Y(BH{sub 4}){sub 4}  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A novel solvent-free dual-cation organic-inorganic derivative, tetrabutylammonium yttrium borohydride (TBAYB), has been prepared for the first time and structurally characterized together with its organic precursor, tetrabutylammonium borohydride (TBAB). Both compounds crystallize in monoclinic unit cells (TBAYB: P2{sub 1}/c, TBAB: P2/c) and they contain [(n-Bu){sub 4}N]{sup +} in a homoleptic environment consisting of BH{sub 4}{sup -} ligands. Presence of large and lightweight Bu{sub 4}N{sup +} cations results in loose packing and low densities of both solids close to 1 g cm{sup -3}. TBAB melts at ca. 130 Degree-Sign C and it decomposes thermally above 160 Degree-Sign C while TBAYB melts at temperature as low as 78 Degree-Sign C, and the melt is stable over an appreciable temperature range of ca. 150 Degree-Sign C. The low melting point of TBAYB is the second lowest among derivatives of yttrium rendering this compound a new ionic liquid above 78 Degree-Sign C. - Graphical abstract: A novel organic-inorganic hybrid material for hydrogen storage, where (n-Bu){sub 4}N{sup +} cation is found in homoleptic environment of BH{sub 4}{sup -} ligands, was synthesised. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Novel organic-inorganic hybrid material for hydrogen storage was synthesised. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer (n-Bu){sub 4}N{sup +} cation is found in a homoleptic environment of BH{sub 4}{sup -} ligands. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer TBAYB derivative is a novel ionic liquid with melting point of 78 Degree-Sign C..

Jaron, T., E-mail: tjaron@chem.uw.edu.pl [Faculty of Chemistry, University of Warsaw, Pasteura 1, 02093 Warsaw (Poland); Wegner, W.; Cyranski, M.K.; Dobrzycki, L. [Faculty of Chemistry, University of Warsaw, Pasteura 1, 02093 Warsaw (Poland); Grochala, W., E-mail: wg22@cornell.edu [Faculty of Chemistry, University of Warsaw, Pasteura 1, 02093 Warsaw (Poland); CENT, University of Warsaw, Zwirki i Wigury 93, 02089 Warsaw (Poland)

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

56

Fuel Tax Incidence in Developing Countries: The Case of Costa Rica | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Tax Incidence in Developing Countries: The Case of Costa Rica Tax Incidence in Developing Countries: The Case of Costa Rica Jump to: navigation, search Name Fuel Tax Incidence in Developing Countries: The Case of Costa Rica Agency/Company /Organization Resources for the Future Sector Energy Focus Area Conventional Energy Topics Finance, Market analysis, Background analysis Resource Type Lessons learned/best practices Website http://www.rff.org/RFF/Documen Country Costa Rica UN Region Latin America and the Caribbean References Fuel Tax Incidence in Developing Countries: The Case of Costa Rica[1] Abstract "Although fuel taxes are a practical means of curbing vehicular air pollution, congestion, and accidents in developing countries-all of which are typically major problems-they are often opposed on distributional

57

ISSN 1198-6727 Fisheries Centre  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and 7 are for offshore. Current onshore oil production Belize Natural Energy Ltd. made the first. Belize Natural Energy ships oil to buyers in Costa Rica, Panama and Corpus Christi, Texas. Some crude oil concessions are held by 6 companies, these being: Island Oil Belize (since May 25 2004); Miles Tropical Energy

Pauly, Daniel

58

Costa Rica-EU-UNDP Climate Change Capacity Building Program | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Costa Rica-EU-UNDP Climate Change Capacity Building Program Costa Rica-EU-UNDP Climate Change Capacity Building Program Jump to: navigation, search Name Costa Rica-EU-UNDP Climate Change Capacity Building Program Agency/Company /Organization The European Union (EU), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Partner Multiple Ministries Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Agriculture, Biomass, Buildings, Energy Efficiency, Forestry, Geothermal, Greenhouse Gas, Industry, Land Use, Offsets and Certificates, People and Policy, Solar, Transportation, Water Power, Wind Topics Background analysis, Baseline projection, Co-benefits assessment, - Energy Access, - Environmental and Biodiversity, GHG inventory, Implementation, Low emission development planning, -LEDS, -NAMA, -Roadmap, -TNA, Policies/deployment programs, Resource assessment

59

UNDP-Costa Rica Regional Programme for LAC - Preparation of Sectoral LEDs  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rica Regional Programme for LAC - Preparation of Sectoral LEDs Rica Regional Programme for LAC - Preparation of Sectoral LEDs for transport and agriculture Jump to: navigation, search Name UNDP-Costa Rica Regional Programme for LAC - Preparation of Sectoral LEDs for transport and agriculture Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Agriculture, Transportation Topics Low emission development planning, -LEDS Country Costa Rica Central America References UNDP - Latin America & the Caribbean[1] Contents 1 Program Overview 1.1 Program Focus 1.2 Environment and Sustainable Development 2 References Program Overview "Across Latin America and the Caribbean, UNDP helps countries build and share their own solutions to urgent development challenges, supporting

60

Costa Rica-UNEP Risoe Technology Needs Assessment Program | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Costa Rica-UNEP Risoe Technology Needs Assessment Program Costa Rica-UNEP Risoe Technology Needs Assessment Program Jump to: navigation, search Name Costa Rica-UNEP Risoe-Technology Needs Assessment Program Agency/Company /Organization UNEP-Risoe Centre Sector Energy Topics Background analysis, Low emission development planning, -Roadmap, Pathways analysis Website http://tech-action.org/ Country Costa Rica Central America References UNEP Risoe-Technology Needs Assessment Program[1] Abstract UNEP DTIE in collaboration with the UNEP Risoe Centre will provide targeted financial, technical and methodological support to assist a total of 35 to 45 countries to conduct TNA projects Overview "Technology needs assessment (TNA) is a set of country-driven activities that identifies and determines the mitigation and adaptation technology

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61

Costa Rica-Regional Programme for LAC: Preparation of Sectoral LEDs for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Costa Rica-Regional Programme for LAC: Preparation of Sectoral LEDs for Costa Rica-Regional Programme for LAC: Preparation of Sectoral LEDs for Transport and Agriculture Jump to: navigation, search Name UNDP-Costa Rica Regional Programme for LAC - Preparation of Sectoral LEDs for transport and agriculture Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Agriculture, Transportation Topics Low emission development planning, -LEDS Country Costa Rica Central America References UNDP - Latin America & the Caribbean[1] Contents 1 Program Overview 1.1 Program Focus 1.2 Environment and Sustainable Development 2 References Program Overview "Across Latin America and the Caribbean, UNDP helps countries build and share their own solutions to urgent development challenges, supporting

62

Costa Rica-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Costa Rica-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model Costa Rica-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model Jump to: navigation, search Name Costa-Rica-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model Agency/Company /Organization World Watch Institute Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy Topics Background analysis, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.worldwatch.org/node Country Costa Rica Central America References Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model[1] Overview "This project will design a unified low-carbon development strategy for Central America through the use of renewable energy and energy efficiency maps, followed by technical, economic, and social feasibility studies for

63

Costa Rica-The World Bank Partnership for Market Readiness (PMR) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Costa Rica-The World Bank Partnership for Market Readiness (PMR) Costa Rica-The World Bank Partnership for Market Readiness (PMR) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Costa Rica-The World Bank Partnership for Market Readiness (PMR) Name Costa Rica-The World Bank Partnership for Market Readiness (PMR) Agency/Company /Organization World Bank Partner Australia, Denmark, EC, Germany, Japan, Netherlands, Norway Spain, Switzerland, UK, and US Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Non-renewable Energy, Buildings, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Goods and Materials, Greenhouse Gas, Grid Assessment and Integration, Industry, Offsets and Certificates, People and Policy, Transportation Topics Baseline projection, Finance, GHG inventory, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Market analysis, Policies/deployment programs

64

Estadísticas de ERNC en Latinoamérica | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Estadísticas de ERNC en Latinoamérica Estadísticas de ERNC en Latinoamérica Jump to: navigation, search Estadisticas Generales Consumo Eléctrico en Latinoamérica Este video muestra la evolución de el consumo eléctrico per cápita en el mundo, desde el año 1960 hasta el 2007. La información fue obtenida gracias a estadisticas del Banco Mundial. Consumo Energético en Latinoamérica Emisiones de CO2 per cápita Porcentaje electricidad generada por medio de ER (GWh) Estadísticas por fuente de ERNC Energía Eólica Energía Solar Geotermia Energía hidroeléctrica Biomasa Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Gateway:América_Latina/Estadisticas_de_ERNC_en_Latinoamérica&oldid=381813" Category: En Español What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version

65

RECORD OF CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION DETERMINATION Project ID No. BC-MM-1029, BH-MM-1030, BM-MM-1031, WH-MM-1032  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1029, BH-MM-1030, BM-MM-1031, WH-MM-1032 1029, BH-MM-1030, BM-MM-1031, WH-MM-1032 Title: Install Power Metering for SPR Site Buildings Description: Subcontractor shall provide all labor, tools, materials, equipment, and supervision required to install power metering at the four SPR sites. The meters will monitor energy consumption at the SPR site control, administrative, and maintenance buildings. Regulatory Requirements: NEPA Implementing Procedures (10 CFR 1021) 10 CFR 1021.410 (Application of Categorical Exclusions) (a) The actions listed in Appendices A and B of Subpart D are classes of actions that DOE has determined do not individually or cumulatively have a significant effect on the human environment (categorical exclusions). (b) To find that a proposal is categorically excluded, DOE shall determine the following:

66

Microsoft Word - ferromagnetism bh  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Revealing the Nature of Emergent Ferromagnetism at an Oxide Revealing the Nature of Emergent Ferromagnetism at an Oxide Heterointerface A fundamental feature of emergent materials such as oxide heterostructures is the interplay between charge, spin, orbital, and lattice degrees of freedom that induces a staggering vari- ety of exotic phenomena including colossal magnetoresistance, metal-insulator transition, magnetoelasticity, and others. Moreover, each degree of freedom is tunable via doping, which results in changes of valence state and local structure and, therefore, variations of the ordered phase. This remarkable tunability motivates extensive and ongoing research on heterostructures in order to investigate new phenomena [1-3] and exploit them in device applications [4, 5]. In oxide heterostructures, control mechanisms other than doping are

67

NREL-Costa Rica-Energy Efficiency Workshop | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NREL-Costa Rica-Energy Efficiency Workshop NREL-Costa Rica-Energy Efficiency Workshop Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: NREL-Costa Rica-Energy Efficiency Workshop Agency/Company /Organization: National Renewable Energy Laboratory Sector: Energy Focus Area: Energy Efficiency, Buildings, Buildings - Commercial, Renewable Energy Resource Type: Presentation, Training materials, Online calculator Website: www.nrel.gov/international/ Country: Costa Rica Central America Coordinates: 9.748917°, -83.753428° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":9.748917,"lon":-83.753428,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

68

Theoretical Investigations on the Formation and Dehydrogenation Reaction Pathways of H(NH2BH2)nH (n=1-4) Oligomers: Importance of Dihydrogen Interactions (DHI)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The H(NH2BH2)nH oligomers are possible products from dehydrogenation of ammonia borane (NH3BH3) and ammonium borohydride (NH4BH4), which belong to a class of boron-nitrogen-hydrogen (BNHx) compounds that are promising materials for chemical hydrogen storage. Understanding the kinetics and reaction pathways of formation of these oligomers and their further dehydrogenation is essential for developing BNHx-based hydrogen storage materials. We have performed computational modeling using density functional theory (DFT), ab initio wavefunction theory, and Car-Parrinello molecular dynamics (CPMD) simulations on the energetics and formation pathways for the H(NH2BH2)nH (n=1-4) oligomers, polyaminoborane (PAB), from NH3BH3 monomers and the subsequent dehydrogenation steps to form polyiminoborane (PIB). Through transition state searches and evaluation of the intrinsic reaction coordinates, we have investigated the B-N bond cleavage, the reactions of NH3BH3 molecule with intermediates, dihydrogen release through intra- and intermolecular hydrogen transfer, dehydrocoupling/cyclization of the oligomers, and the dimerization of NH3BH3 molecules. We discovered the formation mechanism of H(NH2BH2)n+1H oligomers through reactions of the H(NH2BH2)nH oligomers first with BH3 followed by reactions with NH3 and the release of H2, where the BH3 and NH3 intermediates are formed through dissociation of NH3BH3. We also found that the dimerization of the NH3BH3 molecules to form c-(NH2BH2)2 is slightly exothermic, with an unexpected transition state that leads to the simultaneous release of two H2 molecules. The dehydrogenations of the oligomers are also exothermic, typically by less than 10 kcal/(mol of H2), with the largest exothermicity for n=3. The transition state search shows that the one-step direct dehydrocoupling cyclization of the oligomers is not a favored pathway because of high activation barriers. The dihydrogen bonding, in which protic (HN) hydrogens interact with hydridic (HB) hydrogens, plays a vital role in stabilizing different structures of the reactants, transition states, and products. The dihydrogen interaction (DHI) within the -BH2(?2-H2) moiety accounts for both the formation mechanisms of the oligomers and for the dehydrogenation of ammonia borane. Support was provided from the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Chemical Sciences Division and from the U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Chemical Hydrogen Storage Center of Excellence. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory is operated by Battelle for the US Department of Energy.

Li, Jun; Kathmann, Shawn M.; Hu, Han-Shi; Schenter, Gregory K.; Autrey, Thomas; Gutowski, Maciej S.

2010-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

69

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL ... 8.1 World Crude Oil and Natural Gas Reserves, January 1, 2006 International Energy ...

70

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... World Total ww 4.1 World Natural Gas Production, 2001 ...

71

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR ... World Total ww 1.4 World Coal Consumption, 1980-2007 (Million Short Tons) - - NA

72

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR ... 6.4 World Electricity Installed Capacity by Type, January 1, 2006 Conventional

73

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR ... Table 6.2 World Total Net Electricity Consumption, 1980-2006 (Billion ...

74

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR ... H.2 World Carbon Dioxide Emissions from the Consumption of Petroleum, 1980-2006

75

[3  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL ... Table 6.3 World Total Net Electric Generation, 1980-2006 (Billion Kilowatthours) Page ...

76

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... World Total ww - - NA 2.5 World Coal Production, 1980-2007 ...

77

this table  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL ... Table 1.2 World Petroleum Consumption, 1980-2006 (Thousand Barrels per Day) Page 1980.00 ...

78

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... Table 8.2 World Estimated Recoverable Coal (Million Short Tons)

79

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR ... World Total ww 3.5 World Apparent Consumption of Refined Petroleum Products, 2004

80

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... 1.3 World Dry Natural Gas Consumption, 1980-2006 Table Notes ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rica bh belize" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... World Total ww - - F.1 World Primary Energy Production (Btu ...

82

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... World Total ww 3.2 World Output of Refined Petroleum ...

83

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... H.1gco2 World Carbon Intensity--World Carbon Dioxide ...

84

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... World Total ww 8.1 World Crude Oil and Natural Gas Reserves ...

85

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL ... World Total ww (Quadrillion (10 15) Btu) F.4 World Dry Natural Gas Production (Btu ...

86

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... E.6 World Net Nuclear Electric Power Consumption (Btu), 1980 ...

87

Table H.1co2  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL ... Table H.1co2 World Carbon Dioxide Emissions from the Consumption and Flaring of Fossil ...

88

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR ... World Total ww - - NA 3.5 World Apparent Consumption of Refined Petroleum ...

89

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... World Total ww - - G.2 World Production of Crude Oil, NGPL, ...

90

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR ... World Total ww - - NA (Quadrillion (10 15) Btu) F.5 World Coal Production (Btu ...

91

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL ... Table 3.3 World Imports of Refined Petroleum Products, 2005 (Thousand Barrels per Day) Page

92

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL ... Table 6.4 World Total Electricity Installed Capacity, January 1, 1980 - January 1, 2006

93

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... 3.5 World Apparent Consumption of Refined Petroleum Products ...

94

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... World Total ww - - NA 3.1 World Petroleum Supply and ...

95

Energy intensity (Table E.1g)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL ... E.1g World Energy Intensity--Total Primary Energy Consumption per Dollar of Gross Domestic

96

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... World Total ww 6.3 World Net Electricity Generation by Type ...

97

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL Brazil BR Cayman Islands CJ ... World Total ww 3.6 World Crude Oil Refining Capacity ...

98

table E1  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL ... Table E.1 World Primary Energy Consumption (Btu), 1980-2006 (Quadrillion (10 15 ) Btu) Page

99

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL ... 2.8 World Net Geothermal, Solar, Wind, and Wood and Waste Electric Power Generation ...

100

www.eia.gov  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

AC Argentina AR Aruba AA Bahamas, The BF Barbados BB Belize BH Bolivia BL ... H.3co2 World Carbon Dioxide Emissions from the Consumption and Flaring of Natural Gas ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rica bh belize" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Decomposition of NH3BH3 at sub-ambient pressures: A combined thermogravimetry-differential thermal analysis-mass spectrometry study  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We report a systematic study of the isothermal decomposition of ammonia borane, NH3BH3, at 363 K as a function of argon pressure ranging between 50 and 1040 mbar using thermogravimetry and differential thermal analysis coupled with mass analysis of the volatile species. During thermal aging at 363 K, evolution of hydrogen, aminoborane and borazine is monitored, with the relative mass loss strongly depending on the pressure in the reaction chamber. Furthermore, the induction period required for hydrogen release at 363 K decreases with decreasing pressure.

Palumbo, Oriele; Paolone, Annalisa; Rispoli, Pasquale; Cantelli, Rosario; Autrey, Thomas

2010-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

102

Presentation-SNL_RICA-CEDS_Peer_Review_v2a.pptx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Systems Systems 2010 Peer Review Alexandria, VA July 20-22, 2010 Co-PI: Jason Stamp, Ph.D. Co-PI: Laurie Phillips Sandia National Laboratories Reliability Impacts for Cyber Attack (RICA) Summary Slide: Reliability Impacts for Cyber Attack (RICA) Outcomes:
Quan&ta&ve
impact
analysis of
cyber
a5acks
against
power
grid control
systems
(that
affect
grid
topology and
opera&ons),
including
poten&al mi&ga&on
steps,
using
reliability
metrics. Analyze
large-scale
cases
using
simula&on soCware
in
a
High-Performance Compu&ng
(HPC)
environment. Roadmap
Challenges:
Develop
evidence- based
business
case
to
increase
and shape
investment
in
control
system security.

103

Gateway:América Latina/Financiamiento | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

América Latina/Financiamiento América Latina/Financiamiento Jump to: navigation, search UNEP Sustainable Energy Finance Initiative (SEFI) SEFI es una plataforma que provee a inversionistas con herramientas, soporte y redes globales necesarias para concebir y manejar inversiones en mercados complejos de tecnologías de energías limpia. El sitio web provee publicaciones, una base de datos gratis de prestamistas en línea, una red de alianza para intercambio de buenas prácticas y recursos compartidos, entrenamiento sobre la banca y seguros de ER en línea y una lista de proyectos SEFI y eventos. Private Financing Advisory Network (PFAN) PFAN provee entrenamiento y asistencia técnica a desarrolladores y proponentes de proyectos en países en transición y en vías de desarrollo para guiarlos en la preparación de propuestas de financiamiento,

104

Gateway:América Latina/Centros Latinoamericanos | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Gateway Gateway Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Gateway:América Latina/Centros Latinoamericanos Jump to: navigation, search Centros banner.jpg Mapa de Centros de Energías Renovables en Latinoamérica BArgentina.jpg Argentina Asociación Argentina de Energías Renovables y Ambiente- Privado Cámara Argentina de Energías Renovables- Privado Secretaría de Energía- Público BBrazil.jpg Brasil Centro de energias renováveis- Investigación Centro de Tecnologias do Gás e Energias Renováveis (CTGAS-ER)- Investigación Subsecretário de Planejamento e Desenvolvimento de Energia/ Subsecretaría de Planificación y Desarrollo de la Energía- Público União Brasileira do Biodiesel- Privado BColombia.jpg Colombia Ministerio de Minas y Energías- Público Red Energías Alternativas- Privado

105

Twenty new species of Metrichia (Trichoptera: Hydroptili-dae) from Costa Rica are described: M. acicula, M. alajuela,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

species occurring in Costa Rica are provided: M. avon (Bueno- Soria), M. biungulata (Flint), M. lemniscata (Flint), M. penicillata (Flint), M. quadrata (Flint), and M. riva (Bueno- Soria). An illustrated key as a distinct genus (Wiggins 1996, Flint & Bueno-Soria 1998). Metrichia is highly diverse in the Neotropical

Holzenthal, Ralph W.

106

Build an oven, cook a meal: How solar energy empowered women in Costa Rica  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A pilot solar cooking project in the hot, northern province of Guanacaste promises to serve as a model for community groups wanting to build their own solar ovens. An $8,000 (US) grant has been awarded by the Canadian Embassy in Costa Rica to take the Guanacaste project into a second stage in 1990-91. Two construction workshops, with twelve participants in each, are planned in communities near Oriente. Three women from the Oriente group will have paid jobs as organizational facilitators and workshop supervisors. In popular education this is called the multiplier effect - the users of solar cookers construct the ovens themselves, and then instruct others to do the same. 3 refs.

Blankenship, J. (Canadian Univ. Service Organization, San Jose (Costa Rica))

1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Coastal development decision-making in Costa Rica : the need for a new framework to balance socio-economic and environmental impacts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Costa Rica needs to pay attention to the rapid change that coastal regions have been undergoing as a result of tourism and real estate projects. Despite the economic benefits in terms of jobs and foreign investment, many ...

Esquivel, Maricarmen

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Gateway:América Latina/Aprender más sobre las ERNC/Puesta en Marcha,  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Gateway Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Gateway:América Latina/Aprender más sobre las ERNC/Puesta en Marcha, Operación y Comercialización/Eolica Jump to: navigation, search Generate lift by pitching a blade Fuente: Vestas Idioma: Inglés What is wind turbine service Fuente: Vestas Idioma: Inglés About grid disturbance Fuente: Vestas Idioma: Inglés Challenge Vestas control system Fuente: Vestas Idioma: Inglés When wind turbines retire Fuente: Vestas Idioma: Inglés Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Gateway:América_Latina/Aprender_más_sobre_las_ERNC/Puesta_en_Marcha,_Operación_y_Comercialización/Eolica&oldid=304534"

109

Community-based approaches to strategic environmental assessment: Lessons from Costa Rica  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes a community-based approach to strategic environmental assessment (SEA) using a case study of the Instituto Costarricense de Electricidad's (ICE) watershed management agricultural program (WMAP) in Costa Rica. The approach focused on four highly interactive workshops that used visioning, brainstorming and critical reflection exercises. Each workshop represented a critical step in the SEA process. Through this approach, communities in two rural watersheds assessed the environmental, social and economic impacts of a proposed second phase for WMAP. Lessons from this community-based approach to strategic environmental assessment include a recognition of participants learning what a participatory SEA is conceptually and methodologically; the role of interactive techniques for identifying positive and negative impacts of the proposed program and generating creative mitigation strategies; the effect of workshops in reducing power differentials among program participants (proponent, communities, government agencies); and, the logistical importance of notice, timing and location for meaningful participation. The community-based approach to SEA offers considerable potential for assessing regional (watershed) development programs focused on sustainable resource-based livelihoods.

Sinclair, A. John [Natural Resources Institute, University of Manitoba, 200 Dysart Road, Winnipeg, Manitoba, R3T 2N2 (Canada)], E-mail: jsincla@ms.umanitoba.ca; Sims, Laura [Natural Resources Institute, University of Manitoba, 200 Dysart Road, Winnipeg, Manitoba, R3T 2N2 (Canada); Spaling, Harry [The King's University College, 9125, 50 St., Edmonton, Alberta, T6B 2H3 (Canada)

2009-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

110

Preliminary reservoir engineering studies of the Miravalles geothermal field, Costa Rica  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Earth Sciences Division of Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory in cooperation with the Instituto Costarricense de Electricidad is conducting a reservoir engineering study of the Miravalles geothermal field, Costa Rica. Using data from eight exploration wells a two-dimensional areal, natural-state model of Miravalles has been developed. The model was calibrated by fitting the observed temperature and pressure distributions and requires a geothermal upflow zone in the northern part of the field, associated with the Miravalles volcano and an outflow towards the south. The total hot (about 260{degrees}C) water recharge is 130 kg/s, corresponding to a thermal input of about 150 MWt. On the basis of the natural-state model a two-dimensional exploitation model was develope. The field has a production area of about 10 km{sup 2}, with temperatures exceeding 220{degrees}C. The model indicated that power generation of 55 MWe can be maintained for 30 years, with or without injection of the separated geothermal brine. Generation of 110 MWe could be problematic. Until more information becomes available on the areal extent of the field and the properties of the reservoir rocks, especially their relative permeability characteristics, it is difficult to ascertain if 110 MWe can be sustained during a 30-year period.

Haukwa, C.; Bodvarsson, G.S. Lippmann, M.J. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States); Mainieri, A. [Instituto Costarricense de Electricidad, San Jose (Costa Rica)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Unmarried cohabitation among deprived families in Chile  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

% 80% 90% 100% Chile Uruguay Mexico Costa Rica Argentina Bolivia Paraguay Brazil Ecuador Guatemala Belize Cuba Peru Venezuela Nicaragua El Salvador Colombia Panama Honduras Dominican Republic Unmarried Cohabitation Marriage Data sources: For all... of all unions. This group is formed by Venezuela, Peru, Cuba, Belize, Guatemala. Finally, the countries where unmarried cohabitation represents no more than one third of total unions are geographically located in the outer circle.2 Thus, the countries...

Ramm Santelices, Alejandra Margarita

2013-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

112

Gateway:América Latina/Aprender más sobre las ERNC/Seleccion de  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Gateway Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Gateway:América Latina/Aprender más sobre las ERNC/Seleccion de Webinars/Prospección y Estudios de Pre-Inversion/Marina Jump to: navigation, search Marine Technology Industry Status Briefing Fuente: Clean Energy States Alliance Idioma: Inglés Marine Energy Regulatory Framework: Challenges & Solutions Fuente: Clean Energy States Alliance Idioma: Inglés Kinetic Hydropower Systems Fuente: Thayer School Idioma: Inglés Wave and Tidal Energy in the UK: 2GW by 2020? Fuente: Renewable Energy Focus Idioma: Inglés Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Gateway:América_Latina/Aprender_más_sobre_las_ERNC/Seleccion_de_Webinars/Prospección_y_Estudios_de_Pre-Inversion/Marina&oldid=304512"

113

Gateway:América Latina/Diseño de políticas y programas | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Diseño de políticas y programas Diseño de políticas y programas Jump to: navigation, search CEPAL-"tablero de comando" para la promoción de los biocombustibles en el Perú Este trabajo presenta una visión panorámica sobre como se viene enfrentando en el Perú la promoción de mercado de biocombustibles. CEPAL-Energía y desarrollo sustentable en América latina y el caribe El objectivo principal de esta guia es presentar los elementos básicos necesarios en los procesos de identificación y formulación de políticas energéticas conducentes a una mayor sustentabilidad del desarrollo. CEPAL-Estrategia energética sustentable centroamericana 2020 La estrategia tiene como objetivo fundamental, asegurar el abastecimiento energético de Centroamérica, en calidad, cantidad y

114

Results of investigation at the Miravalles Geothermal Field, Costa Rica: Part 1, Well logging. Resultados de las investigaciones en el campo geotermico de Miravalles, Costa Rica: Parte 1, Registros de pozos  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The well-logging operations performed in the Miravalles Geothermal Field in Costa Rica were conducted during two separate field trips. The Phase I program provided the deployment of a suite of high-temperature borehole instruments, including the temperature/rabbit, fluid sampler, and three-arm caliper in Well PGM-3. These same tools were deployed in Well PGM-10 along with an additional survey run with a combination fluid velocity/temperature/pressure instrument used to measure thermodynamic properties under flowing well conditions. The Phase II program complemented Phase I with the suite of tools deployed in Wells PGM-5, PGM-11, and PGM-12. 4 refs., 25 figs., 1 tab.

Dennis, B.R.; Lawton, R.G.; Kolar, J.D.; Alvarado, A.

1989-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Gateway:América Latina/Aprender más sobre las ERNC/Seleccion de  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Gateway Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Gateway:América Latina/Aprender más sobre las ERNC/Seleccion de Webinars/Prospección y Estudios de Pre-Inversion/Geotermia Jump to: navigation, search School on Geothermics Fuente: International Centre for Science and High Technology Idioma: Inglés Seminar on Innovative Ideas for Geothermal Exploitation Fuente: International Centre for Science and High Technology Idioma: Inglés Workshop on Geothermal energy: resources and technology for a sustainable development Fuente: International Centre for Science and High Technology Idioma: Inglés Decision Makers' Workshop on Geothermal Energy

116

Gateway:América Latina/Aprender más sobre las ERNC/Seleccion de  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Gateway Gateway Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Gateway:América Latina/Aprender más sobre las ERNC/Seleccion de Webinars/Prospección y Estudios de Pre-Inversion/Biomasa Jump to: navigation, search Biomasa Agrícola The Quest for Maximizing Ethanol Plant Yield Fuente: Novozymes Bioenergy Idioma: Inglés Non-Tradition Feedstock Production Fuente: Universidad de Michigan State Idioma: Inglés Curso de Producción de Biodiesel Fuente: Novozymes Bioenergy Idioma: Español Biomasa Forestal Forest Conservation Strategies in Chile Fuente: Forestry Webinar Portal Idioma: Inglés The South Rises Again: Industrial Forest Management in Chile Fuente: Forestry Webinar Portal Idioma: Inglés Residuos Orgánicos An Introduction to On-Farm Anaerobic Digestion Fuente: Universidad de Penn State

117

Pesticide use in banana and plantain production and risk perception among local actors in Talamanca, Costa Rica  

SciTech Connect

The Talamanca County in Costa Rica has large-scale banana and small-scale plantain production, probably causing pesticide exposure in indigenous children. We explored to what extent different community actors are aware of children's pesticide hazards and how their awareness related to socio-economical and cultural conditions. Methods comprised eight focus groups with fathers and mothers separately, 27 semi-structured interviews to key actors, and field observations. As a whole, the indigenous plantain farmers and banana plantation workers had some general knowledge of pesticides concerning crop protection, but little on acute health effects, and hardly any on exposure routes and pathways, and chronic effects. People expressed vague ideas about pesticide risks. Inter-community differences were related to pesticide technologies used in banana and plantain production, employment status on a multinational plantation versus smallholder status, and gender. Compared to formalized practices on transnational company plantations, where workers reported to feel protected, pesticide handling by plantain smallholders was not perceived as hazardous and therefore no safety precautions were applied. Large-scale monoculture was perceived as one of the most important problems leading to pesticide risks in Talamanca on banana plantations, and also on neighboring small plantain farms extending into large areas. Plantain farmers have adopted use of highly toxic pesticides following banana production, but in conditions of extreme poverty. Aerial spraying in banana plantations was considered by most social actors a major determinant of exposure for the population living nearby these plantations, including vulnerable children. We observed violations of legally established aerial spraying distances. Economic considerations were most mentioned as the underlying reason for the pesticide use: economic needs to obtain the production quantity and quality, and pressure to use pesticides by other economic agents such as middlemen. Risk perceptions were modulated by factors such as people's tasks and positions in the production process, gender, and people's possibilities to define their own social conditions (more fatalistic perceptions among banana workers). The challenge for the future is to combine these insights into improved health risk assessment and management that is culturally adequate for each particular community and agricultural context. - Research highlights: {yields} A first study on pesticide risk perception in Costa Rica. {yields} One of the few studies performed in the indigenous populations in Talamanca. {yields} Economic considerations prevailed above health risks in both communities. {yields} Our findings provide valuable information for multiple social actors.

Barraza, Douglas, E-mail: dbarraza@una.ac.cr [Central American Institute for Studies on Toxic Substances, Universidad Nacional, Heredia (Costa Rica) [Central American Institute for Studies on Toxic Substances, Universidad Nacional, Heredia (Costa Rica); Technology and Agrarian Development Group, Wageningen University (Netherlands); Jansen, Kees [Technology and Agrarian Development Group, Wageningen University (Netherlands)] [Technology and Agrarian Development Group, Wageningen University (Netherlands); Wendel de Joode, Berna van; Wesseling, Catharina [Central American Institute for Studies on Toxic Substances, Universidad Nacional, Heredia (Costa Rica)] [Central American Institute for Studies on Toxic Substances, Universidad Nacional, Heredia (Costa Rica)

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

118

Scholars from northeast Brazil, Costa Rica, southeast Mexico, Nicaragua, Italy, and the United States gathered for a think-tank international week April 18-22, 2011 to examine Latin America's equity-gap challenges using a community engagement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Scholars from northeast Brazil, Costa Rica, southeast Mexico, Nicaragua, Italy, and the United. The keynote address--Brazil's Unified Health System May Promote Social Inequality: Paradox or dialectic/northeastern Brazil constitute nadirs of economic and health inequality. The stunting rates among children

Liu, Taosheng

119

Lightest Isotope of Bh Produced Via the 209Bi(52Cr,n)260Bh Reaction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

models. For many years, cold fusion reactions utilizingproduced via the new cold fusion reaction 209 Bi( 52 Cr,

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Belize-Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Climate, Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Greenhouse Gas, Grid Assessment and Integration, Industry, People and Policy,...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rica bh belize" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Belize - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... power plants, fuel use, stocks, generation, trade, demand ... wind, geothermal, biomass and ethanol. Nuclear ... Central & South America World. Rank .

122

Using laboratory flow experiments and reactive chemical transport modeling for designing waterflooding of the Agua Fria Reservoir, Poza Rica-Altamira Field, Mexico  

SciTech Connect

Waterflooding for enhanced oil recovery requires that injected waters must be chemically compatible with connate reservoir waters, in order to avoid mineral dissolution-and-precipitation cycles that could seriously degrade formation permeability and injectivity. Formation plugging is a concern especially in reservoirs with a large content of carbonates, such as calcite and dolomite, as such minerals typically react rapidly with an aqueous phase, and have strongly temperature-dependent solubility. Clay swelling can also pose problems. During a preliminary waterflooding pilot project, the Poza Rica-Altamira oil field, bordering the Gulf coast in the eastern part of Mexico, experienced injectivity loss after five months of reinjection of formation waters into well AF-847 in 1999. Acidizing with HCl restored injectivity. We report on laboratory experiments and reactive chemistry modeling studies that were undertaken in preparation for long-term waterflooding at Agua Frma. Using analogous core plugs obtained from the same reservoir interval, laboratory coreflood experiments were conducted to examine sensitivity of mineral dissolution and precipitation effects to water composition. Native reservoir water, chemically altered waters, and distilled water were used, and temporal changes in core permeability, mineral abundances and aqueous concentrations of solutes were monitored. The experiments were simulated with the multi-phase, nonisothermal reactive transport code TOUGHREACT, and reasonable to good agreement was obtained for changes in solute concentrations. Clay swelling caused an additional impact on permeability behavior during coreflood experiments, whereas the modeled permeability depends exclusively on chemical processes. TOUGHREACT was then used for reservoir-scale simulation of injecting ambient-temperature water (30 C, 86 F) into a reservoir with initial temperature of 80 C (176 F). Untreated native reservoir water was found to cause serious porosity and permeability reduction due to calcite precipitation, which is promoted by the retrograde solubility of this mineral. Using treated water that performed well in the laboratory flow experiments was found to avoid excessive precipitation, and allowed injection to proceed.

Birkle, P.; Pruess, K.; Xu, T.; Figueroa, R.A. Hernandez; Lopez, M. Diaz; Lopez, E. Contreras

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Microsoft Word - Nanocrystal-in-glass-composites bh  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

October 2013 October 2013 Figure 1: ITO nanocrystals covalently linked to amorphous NbO x . [NbO 6 ] octahedral units are shown in green, ITO nanocrystals in blue. In the inset, the niobium atoms are located at the center of the green octahedra, oxygen atoms are red and indium atoms are blue. Tunable Transmittance of Near-infrared and Visible Light in Reconstructed Nanocrystal-in-Glass Composite Films The bonding arrangement in amorphous materials plays a dominant role in determining their electrochemical, optical and transport properties. However, it remains a challenge to manipulate amorphous structures in a controlled manner. Recently, scientists at the Molecular Foundry at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) developed synthetic protocols for incorporating well-defined nanocrystals into amorphous materials [1,2]. This

124

Microsoft Word - BH-MM-1038 NEPA.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

38 38 Title: Recondition and Repair BHTX-14 Transformer Description: Subcontractor shall provide all labor, supervision, tools, equipment, and transportation required to remanufacture (including inspection and repair), transport, install, test, and pre-commission the BHTX-14 transformer. Work will be performed at the subcontractor's off-site facility. Proper lift and transportation equipment will be required to load and transport the BHTX-14 transformer from the off-site location to the Big Hill RWIS site. Regulatory Requirements: NEPA Implementing Procedures (10 CFR 1021) 10 CFR 1021.410 (Application of Categorical Exclusions) (a) The actions listed in Appendices A and B of Subpart D are classes of actions that DOE has determined do not individually or cumulatively have a significant effect on the human environment

125

Microsoft Word - Nanocrystal-in-glass-composites bh  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(ICMAB, Spain) have demonstrated the power of this approach by introducing tin-doped indium oxide nanocrystals (ITO NCs) into niobium oxide glass (NbO x ) and showing that a...

126

_PART I - THE SCHEDULE SECTION B-H  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

IMPLEMENTING INSTRUCTIONS This contract involves contractor operation of Government-owned facilities andor vehicles and the provisions of Executive Order 13423 are applicable to...

127

_PART I - THE SCHEDULE SECTION B-H  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

for the KCP: meeting product schedule; meeting product specification; cost management; asset management; and compliance to contract standards including ES&H and National Security....

128

Microsoft Word - LiFe battery highlight long bh  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Science Highlight - May 2013 Mesoscale Phase Distribution in Li-ion Battery Electrode Materials Li-ion batteries are regarded as key devices in the effort to develop efficient...

129

Constitutional Environment and Entrepreneurship: An Empirical Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Belize Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana BrazilBelize Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina n/a Botswana n/aBelize Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Brazil

Zhang, Wei

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

US EPA Landfill Methane Outreach Program | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Landfill Methane Outreach Program Landfill Methane Outreach Program Jump to: navigation, search Name US EPA Landfill Methane Outreach Program Agency/Company /Organization United States Environmental Protection Agency Sector Energy, Land Focus Area Biomass Topics Policies/deployment programs, Resource assessment, Background analysis Resource Type Software/modeling tools, Workshop Website http://www.epa.gov/lmop/intern Country China, Ecuador, Mexico, Philippines, Thailand, Ukraine, Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama Eastern Asia, South America, Central America, South-Eastern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Eastern Europe, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America References LMOP[1]

131

The social implications of ritual behavior in the Maya Lowlands : a perspective from Minanha, Belize  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of smashed urns and jars within such structures at the siteconsists of numerous oversize jars broken on the surface orin addition to the urns and jars usually utilized (Isbell

Schwake, Sonja Andrea

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Reconstructing households : the excavation of structure 45 at Lubaantun, Toledo District, Belize  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

typically found at Lubaantun: a. Turneffe Unslipped jar; b.Turneffe Unslipped jar with striated decoration on shoulder;c. Puluacax Unslipped jar; d. Remate Red bowl; e. Remate Red

Hagerman, Kiri Louise

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Biodiversity and connectivity in peripheral populations of corals of the South and Eastern Atlantic  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Fortaleza Belize Panama Puerto Rico Bermuda So Tom b-Panam, Belize and Puerto Rico) and the North Atlantic (Belize, Panam and Puerto Rico), one site in the North

Nunes, Flvia

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

file://C:\Documents and Settings\bh5\My Documents\Energy Effici  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4 4 Table 4. Expenditures for Purchased Energy 1998, 2002, and 2006 (million constant 2000 U.S. dollars 1 ) MECS Survey Years Iron and Steel Mills (NAICS 2 331111) 1998 2002 2006 Total 3 5,601 6,241 5,806 Electricity 1,580 1,971 1,537 Natural Gas 1,287 1,659 2,037 Coal 971 994 1,010 Residual Fuel 60 3 75 Coke and Breeze 1,584 1,462 999 Notes: 1. Deflated by the chain-type price indices for iron and steel mills shipments. 2. The North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) has replaced the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) system. NAICS 331111 includes steel works, blast furnaces (including coke ovens), and rolling mills. 3. 'Total' is the sum of all of the listed energy sources, including wood waste, hydrogen, and waste oils and tars.

135

file://C:\Documents and Settings\bh5\My Documents\Energy Effici  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

f f Page Last Modified: May 2010 Table 4f. Industrial Production Indexes by Selected Industries, 1998, 2002, and 2006 (2000 = 100) Source: The Federal Reserve System, http://www.federalreserve.gov/releases/g17/ipdisk/ip_sa.txt February 2006 and December 2009. MECS Survey Years NAICS Subsector and Industry 1998 2002 2006 311 Food Manufacturing 97.3 102.6 107.9 312 Beverage and Tobacco Product Manufacturing 109.0 90.0 99.4 313 Textile Mills 108.1 88.5 71.9 314 Textile Product Mills 93.0 88.1 88.6 315 Apparel Manufacturing 109.7 71.9 50.8 316 Leather and Allied Product Manufacturing 108.0 62.2 62.7 321 Wood Product Manufacturing 97.4 96.5 106.1 322 Paper Manufacturing 101.4 95.3 92.7 323 Printing and Related Support Activities 98.4 88.5 88.2 324 Petroleum and Coal Products Manufacturing

136

file://C:\Documents and Settings\bh5\My Documents\Energy Effici  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Table 4a Table 4a Page Last Modified: May 2010 Table 4a. Value of Shipments 1 by Selected Industries, 1998, 2002, and 2006 (Billion 2000 Dollars ) Notes: 1. Received or receivable net selling values (exclusive of freight and taxes) of all primary and secondary products shipped, as well as all miscellaneous receipts for contract work performed for others, installation and repair, sales of scrap, and sales of products bought and resold without further processing. Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA), "Value of Shipments and Price Indexes by Detailed Industry 1998- 2007," Sept 2009. MECS Survey Years NAICS Subsector and Industry 1998 2002 2006 311 Food Manufacturing 430 448 472 312 Beverage and Tobacco Product Manufacturing

137

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Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

a a Table 7a. Offsite-Produced Fuel Consumption per Value Of Production 1998, 2002, and 2006 (Btu per constant 2000 dollar 1 ) MECS Survey Years Iron and Steel Mills (NAICS 2 331111) 1998 3 2002 4 2006 4 Total NA 19,716 12,179 Electricity NA 3,839 2,846 Natural Gas NA 8,052 5,301 Coal NA 747 228 Residual Fuel NA 21 309 Coke and Breeze NA 6,496 3,025 Notes: 1. Value of production is deflated by the chain-type price indices for iron and steel mills shipments. 2. The North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) has replaced the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) system. NAICS 331111 includes steel works, blast furnaces (including coke ovens), and rolling mills. 3. 1998 data unavailable due to disclosure avoidance procedures in place at the time.

138

file://C:\Documents and Settings\bh5\My Documents\Energy Effici  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

a a Released Date: May 2006 Page Last Modified: April 2010 Table 3a. Value of Shipments 1 by Selected Industries, 1998, 2002, and 2006 (Current Billion Dollars) Notes: The value received for the complete systems at the company's net billing price, freight-on-board factory, including charges for cooperative advertising and warranties. This does not include excise taxes, freight or transportation charges, or installation charges. Source: U.S. Department of CoSources: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Annual Survey of Manufacturers, Statistics for Industry Groups and Industries, 2000 and 2006 (Sept 2009), Table 2. MECS Survey Years NAICS Subsector and Industry 1998 2002 2006 311 Food Manufacturing 428 460 537 312 Beverage and Tobacco Product Manufacturing 102 106 124 313

139

file://C:\Documents and Settings\bh5\My Documents\Energy Effici  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

b b Page Last Modified: May 2010 Table 1b. End Uses of Fuel Consumption (Site Energy) for Selected Industries, 1998, 2002, and 2006 (Trillion Btu) Sources: Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-846, Manufacturing Energy Consumption Surveys, 1998, 2002, and 2006. MECS Survey Years NAICS Subsector and Industry 1998 2002 2006 311 Food 1,044 1,116 1,186 312 Beverage and Tobacco Products 108 104 109 313 Textile Mills 254 205 178 314 Textile Product Mills 49 60 72 315 Apparel 48 30 14 316 Leather and Allied Products 8 7 3 321 Wood Products 504 375 445 322 Paper 2,744 2,361 2,354 323 Printing and Related Support 98 98 85 324 Petroleum and Coal Products 3,622 3,202 3,396 325 Chemicals 3,704 3,769 3,195 326 Plastics and Rubber Products 327 348 336 327 Nonmetallic Mineral Products 969 1,052 1,105 331 Primary Metals

140

RECORD OF CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION DETERMINATION Project ID No. BH-OM-1065B  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

B B Title: Remanufacture, Transport, and Install BHTX-29 Transformer Description: Subcontractor shall provide all labor, supervision, tools, equipment, and transportation required to remanufacture (repair), transport, install, test, and pre-commission the BHTX- 29 transformer. Work will be performed at the subcontractor's off-site facility. Proper lift and transportation equipment will be required to load and transport the BHTX-29 transformer from the off-site location to the Big Hill site. Regulatory Requirements: NEPA Implementing Procedures (10 CFR 1021) 10 CFR 1021.410 (Application of Categorical Exclusions) (a) The actions listed in Appendices A and B of Subpart D are classes of actions that DOE has

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rica bh belize" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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141

file://C:\Documents and Settings\bh5\My Documents\Energy Effici  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

b b Page Last Modified: May 2010 Table 5b. Economic and Physical Indicators for the Petroleum Industry (NAICS 324), 1998, 2002, and 2006 Notes: 1. Deflated using BEA's chain-type price indices for value of shipments. 2. Deflated using BEA's chain-type price indices for gross outputs. 3. Deflated using BEA's chain-type price indices for value added. Sources: Energy Information Administration, Annual Energy Review 2004. (DOE/EIA-0384(2004) Table 5.8 Refinery Input and Output, 1949-2004; U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census Annual Survey of Manufacturers, Statistics for Industry Groups and Industries, 2001, 2004, and 2009, Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA), "Value of Shipments and Price Indexes by Detailed Industry" Dec 2005 and

142

RECORD OF CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION DETERMINATION Project ID No. BH-OM-1065A  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

A A Title: Transport and Perform TD&I on BHTX-29 Transformer Description: Subcontractor shall provide all labor, supervision, tools, lifting and transportation services required to transport the BHTX-29 transformer to an offsite facility to perform tear down and inspection (TD&I) and testing. Proper lift and transportation equipment will be required to load and transport the BHTX-29 transformer from the Big Hill site. Regulatory Requirements: NEPA Implementing Procedures (10 CFR 1021) 10 CFR 1021.410 (Application of Categorical Exclusions) (a) The actions listed in Appendices A and B of Subpart D are classes of actions that DOE has determined do not individually or cumulatively have a significant effect on the human environment

143

file://C:\Documents and Settings\bh5\My Documents\Energy Effici  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

8a 8a Table 8a. Expenditures for Purchased Energy per Value of Production, 1998, 2002, and 2006 (constant 2000 US cents per dollar) MECS Survey Years Iron and Steel Mills (NAICS 1 331111) 1998 2 2002 2 2006 2 Total 3 10.7 13.0 9.4 Electricity 3.0 4.1 2.5 Natural Gas 2.5 3.4 3.3 Coal 1.9 2.1 1.6 Residual Fuel 0.1 0.0 0.1 Coke and Breeze 3.0 3.0 1.6 Notes: 1. The North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) has replaced the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) system. NAICS 331111 includes steel works, blast furnaces (including coke ovens), and rolling mills. Deflated by the chain-type price indices for iron and steel mills shipments. 2. Denominators represent the value of production for the entire iron and still mills (NAICS 331111), not those based mainly on

144

file://C:\Documents and Settings\bh5\My Documents\Energy Effici  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

f f Released Date: May 2006 Page Last Modified: April 2010 Table 5f. Economic Indicators 1 for the Metalcasting Industry (NAICS 3315), 1998, 2002, and 2006 Notes: 1. Physical indicators are not available. 2.Deflated using BEA's price indices for value of shipments for primary metal (NAICS 331). 3 Deflated using BEA's price indices for value added for primary metal (NAICS 331). Sources: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Annual Survey of Manufacturers, Statistics for Industry Groups and Industries, 2001, 2004 and 2006; Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA), "Value of Shipments by Detailed Industry 1998-2007," December 2009. MECS Survey Years Indicators 1998 2002 2006 Nominal Economic Indicator (Current Billion Dollars) Value of Shipments

145

file://C:\Documents and Settings\bh5\My Documents\Energy Effici  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2 2 Page Last Modified: June 2010 Table 2. End Uses of Fuel Consumption, 1998, 2002, and 2006 (trillion Btu) MECS Survey Years Iron and Steel Mills (NAICS 1 331111) 1998 2002 2006 Total 2 1,672 1,455 1,147 Net Electricity 3 158 184 175 Natural Gas 456 388 326 Coal 48 36 14 Boiler Fuel -- -- -- Coal 8 W 1 Residual Fuel Oil 10 * 4 Natural Gas 52 39 27 Process Heating -- -- -- Net Electricity 74 79 76 Residual Fuel Oil 19 * 11 Natural Gas 369 329 272 Machine Drive -- -- -- Net Electricity 68 86 77 Notes 1. The North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) has replaced the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) system. NAICS 331111 includes steel works, blast furnaces (including coke ovens), and rolling mills. 2. 'Total' is the sum of all energy sources listed below, including net steam (the sum of

146

file://C:\Documents and Settings\bh5\My Documents\Energy Effici  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

, 2002, and 2006 > , 2002, and 2006 > Table 6a Page Last Modified: June 2010 Table 6a. End Uses of Fuel Consumption per Value of Production, 1998, 2002, and 2006 (thousand Btu per constant 2000 dollar 1 ) MECS Survey Years Iron and Steel Mills (NAICS 2 331111) 1998 3 2002 3 2006 3 Total 4 32.0 30.2 18.7 Net Electricity 5 3.0 3.8 2.8 Natural Gas 8.7 8.1 5.3 Coal 0.9 0.7 0.2 Boiler Fuel -- -- -- Coal 0.2 W 0.02 Residual Fuel Oil 0.2 * 0.1 Natural Gas 1.0 0.8 0.4 Process Heating -- -- -- Net Electricity 1.4 1.6 1.2 Residual Fuel Oil 0.4 * 0.2 Natural Gas 7.1 6.8 4.4 Machine Drive -- -- -- Net Electricity 1.3 1.8 1.3 Notes:1. Value of production is deflated by the chain-type price indices for iron and steel mills shipments.

147

file://C:\Documents and Settings\bh5\My Documents\Energy Effici  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

b b Page Last Modified: May 2010 Table 2b. End Uses of Fuel Consumption (Primary 1 Energy) for Selected Industries, 1998, 2002, and 2006 (Trillion Btu) Note: The Btu conversion factors used for primary electricity are 10,197 Btu/KWh, 10,173 Btu/KWh, and 9,919 Btu/KWh for 1998, 2002, and 2006, respectively. Sources: Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-846, Manufacturing Energy Consumption Surveys, 1998, 2002, and 2006. and Monthly Energy Review November 2005, and September 2009 DOE/EIA-0035(2005, 2009),Table A6. MECS Survey Years NAICS Subsector and Industry 1998 2002 2006 311 Food 1,468 1,572 1,665 312 Beverage and Tobacco Products 156 156 166 313 Textile Mills 457 375 304 314 Textile Product Mills 85 94 110 315 Apparel 84 54 27 316 Leather and Allied Products 14

148

file://C:\Documents and Settings\bh5\My Documents\Energy Effici  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

e e Page Last Modified: May 2010 Table 4e. Gross Output 1 by Selected Industries, 1998, 2002, and 2006 (Billion 2000 Dollars 2 ) Notes: 1. Gross output of an industry is the market value of the goods and services produced by an industry, including commodity taxes. The components of gross output include sales or receipts and other operating income, commodity taxes, plus inventory change. Gross output differs from value added, which measures the contribution of the industry's labor and capital to its gross output). 2. Deflated using BEA's chain-type price indices for gross output. Source:U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA), "Gross Output and Price Indexes by Detailed Industry 1998-2007," December 2009. MECS Survey Years

149

file://C:\Documents and Settings\bh5\My Documents\Energy Effici  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4c 4c Page Last Modified: May 2010 Table 4c. Capacity Adjusted Value of Production 1 by Selected Industries, 1998, 2002, and 2006 (Billion 2000 Dollars 2 ) Notes: 1. Value of production is the name for inventory-adjusted value of shipment data. Capacity adjusted value of production (t) is defined as [capacity utilization rate (average 1972-2004) / capacity utilization rate (t)] x [value of production (t)], where t = year. 2. Deflated using BEA's chain-type price indices for value of shipments. Sources:U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA), "Value of Shipments and Price Indexes by Detailed Industry 1998- 2003," December 2005 and U.S. Census Bureau, Annual Survey of Manufacturers, Industry Statistics 2001 and 2004; the Federal Reserve

150

file://C:\Documents and Settings\bh5\My Documents\Energy Effici  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5a 5a Page Last Modified: June 2010 Table 5a. Consumption of Energy for All Purposes (First Use) per Value of Production, 1998, 2002, and 2006 (1000 Btu per constant 2000 dollar 1 ) MECS Survey Years Iron and Steel Mills (NAICS 2 331111) 1998 3 2002 3 2006 3 Total 4 30 27 17 Net Electricity 5 3 4 3 Natural Gas 9 9 6 Coal 13 10 6 Notes:1. Value of production is deflated by the chain-type price indices for iron and steel mills shipments. 2. The North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) has replaced the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) system. NAICS 331111 includes steel works, blast furnaces (including coke ovens), and rolling mills. 3. Denominators represent the value of production for the entire iron and still mills (NAICS 331111), not those based

151

file://C:\Documents and Settings\bh5\My Documents\Energy Effici  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4b 4b Page Last Modified: May 2010 Table 4b. Value of Production 1 by Selected Industries, 1998, 2002, and 2006 (Billion 2000 Dollars ) MECS Survey Years NAICS Subsector and Industry 1998 2002 2006 311 Food Manufacturing 431 447 473 312 Beverage and Tobacco Product Manufacturing 122 96 109 313 Textile Mills 56 46 37 314 Textile Product Mills 31 30 30 315 Apparel Manufacturing 66 43 30 316 Leather and Allied Product Manufacturing 10 6 6 321 Wood Product Manufacturing 92 89 100 322 Paper Manufacturing 168 155 153 323 Printing and Related Support Activities 103 93 93 324 Petroleum and Coal Products Manufacturing 224 244 266 325 Chemical Manufacturing 442 450 513 326 Plastics and Rubber Products Manufacturing 168 170 176 327 Nonmetallic Mineral Product Manufacturing 97 93 103 331 Primary Metal Manufacturing 165 145 163 332

152

file://C:\Documents and Settings\bh5\My Documents\Energy Effici  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

3 3 Page Last Modified: June 2010 Table 3. Offsite-Produced Fuel Consumption, 1998, 2002, and 2006 (trillion Btu) MECS Survey Years Iron and Steel Mills (NAICS 1 331111) 1998 2002 2006 Total 2 NA 950 749 Net Electricity 3 NA 185 175 Natural Gas NA 388 326 Coal NA 36 14 Residual Fuel NA 1 19 Coke and Breeze NA 313 186 Notes: 1. The North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) has replaced the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) system. NAICS 331111 includes steel works, blast furnaces (including coke ovens), and rolling mills. 2.'Total' includes all energy sources listed below and all other energy that was purchased or transferred in. 3.'Electricity' consists of quantities of electricity that were purchased or transferred in, and is equivalent

153

file://C:\Documents and Settings\bh5\My Documents\Energy Effici  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1a 1a Page Last Modified: May 2010 Table 1a. Consumption of Energy (Site Energy) for All Purposes (First Use) for Selected Industries, 1998, 2002, and 2006 (Trillion Btu) Sources: Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-846, Manufacturing Energy Consumption Surveys, 1998, 2002, and 2006. MECS Survey Years NAICS Subsector and Industry 1998 2002 2006 311 Food 1,044 1,123 1,186 312 Beverage and Tobacco Products 108 105 107 313 Textile Mills 256 207 178 314 Textile Product Mills 50 60 72 315 Apparel 48 30 14 316 Leather and Allied Products 8 7 3 321 Wood Products 509 377 451 322 Paper 2,747 2,363 2,354 323 Printing and Related Support 98 98 85 324 Petroleum and Coal Products 7,320 6,799 6,864 325 Chemicals 6,064 6,465 5,149 326 Plastics and Rubber Products 328 351 337 327 Nonmetallic Mineral Products 979 1,059

154

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Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

b b Table 7b. Offsite-Produced Fuel Consumption per Ton of Steel, 1998, 2002, and 2006 (1000 Btu per ton) MECS Survey Years Iron and Steel Mills (NAICS 1 331111) 1998 2 2002 3 2006 3 Total NA 11,886 9,210 Electricity NA 2,315 2,152 Natural Gas NA 4,855 4,009 Coal NA 450 172 Residual Fuel NA 13 234 Coke and Breeze NA 3,916 2,287 Notes:1. The North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) has replaced the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) system. NAICS 331111 includes steel works, blast furnaces (including coke ovens), and rolling mills. 2. 1998 data unavailable due to disclosure avoidance procedures in place at the time. 3. Denominators represent the entire steel industry, not those based mainly on electric, natural gas, residual fuel oil, coal or coke.

155

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Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

e e Page Last Modified: May 2010 Table 3e. Gross Output 1 by Selected Industries, 1998, 2002, and 2006 (Current Billion Dollars) Note: 1. Gross output of an industry is the market value of the goods and services produced by an industry, including commodity taxes. The components of gross output include sales or receipts and other operating income, commodity taxes, plus inventory change. Gross output differs from value added, which measures the contribution of the industry's labor and capital to its gross output. Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis, "Gross Domestic Product by Industry 1998-2007," October 2009. MECS Survey Years NAICS Subsector and Industry 1998 2002 2006 311 Food Manufacturing 417 444 526 312 Beverage and Tobacco Product

156

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Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

and 2006 > Table 3b and 2006 > Table 3b Page Last Modified: May 2010 Table 3b. Value of Production 1 by Selected Industries, 1998, 2002, and 2006 (Current Billion Dollars) Notes: 1. Value of production is the name for inventory-adjusted value of shipment data. Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis, "Value of Shipments by Detailed Industry 1998- 2007," December 2005, September 2009 and U.S. Census Bureau, Annual Survey of Manufacturers, Industry Statistics 2001, 2004, and 2006, Table 6. MECS Survey Years NAICS Subsector and Industry 1998 2002 2006 311 Food Manufacturing 429 456 539 312 Beverage and Tobacco Product Manufacturing 103 104 125 313 Textile Mills 57 45 39 314 Textile Product Mills 31 31 33 315 Apparel Manufacturing 65 43 30 316 Leather and Allied Product

157

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Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5a 5a Page Last Modified: May 2010 Table 5a. Economic and Physical Indicators for the Forest Products Industry, 1998, 2002, and 2006 (NAICS 321 and NAICS 322) Notes: 1. Deflated using BEA's chain-type price indices for value of shipments. 2. Deflated using BEA's chain-type price indices for gross outputs. 3. Deflated using BEA's chain-type price indices for value added. Sources: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Annual Survey of Manufacturers, Statistics for Industry Groups and Industries, 2001, 2004 and 2006, and Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA), "Value of Shipments and Price Indexes by Detailed Industry 1998-2007," December 2009; " Gross Output and Price Indexes by Detailed Industry 1998-2007," December 2009, and "Price Indexes

158

file://C:\Documents and Settings\bh5\My Documents\Energy Effici  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

c c Page Last Modified: May 2010 Table 3c. Capacity Adjusted Value of Production 1 by Selected Industries, 1998, 2002, and 2006 (Current Billion Dollars) MECS Survey Years NAICS Subsector and Industry 1998 2002 2006 311 Food Manufacturing 430 468 552 312 Beverage and Tobacco Product Manufacturing 98 120 131 313 Textile Mills 57 50 44 314 Textile Product Mills 31 34 36 315 Apparel Manufacturing 66 53 31 316 Leather and Allied Product Manufacturing 11 8 7 321 Wood Product Manufacturing 87 94 110 322 Paper Manufacturing 159 160 177 323 Printing and Related Support Activities 104 109 107 324 Petroleum and Coal Products Manufacturing 134 215 523 325 Chemical Manufacturing 415 470 657 326 Plastics and Rubber Products Manufacturing 158 183 212 327 Nonmetallic Mineral Product Manufacturing 85 97 134 331 Primary Metal Manufacturing

159

file://C:\Documents and Settings\bh5\My Documents\Energy Effici  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

c c Page Last Modified: May 2010 Table 1c. Off-Site Produced Energy (Site Energy) for Selected Industries, 1998, 2002 and 2006 (Trillion Btu) Sources: Energy Information Administration, Form EIA-846, Manufacturing Energy Consumption Surveys, 1998, 2002, and 2006. MECS Survey Years NAICS Subsector and Industry 1998 2002 2006 311 Food 992 1,079 1,124 312 Beverage and Tobacco Products 109 104 101 313 Textile Mills 255 206 178 314 Textile Product Mills 49 60 72 315 Apparel 48 30 14 316 Leather and Allied Products 8 7 3 321 Wood Products 285 198 296 322 Paper 1,648 1,413 1,350 323 Printing and Related Support 97 98 85 324 Petroleum and Coal Products 1,475 1,290 1,434 325 Chemicals 3,377 3,154 2,772 326 Plastics and Rubber Products 327 347 336 327 Nonmetallic Mineral Products 921 960 1,105 331 Primary Metals 2,010 1,614

160

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Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Manufacturing Trend Data, 1998, 2002, and 2006 > Table 5c Manufacturing Trend Data, 1998, 2002, and 2006 > Table 5c Page Last Modified: May 2010 Table 5c. Economic and Physical Indicators for the Aluminum Industry (NAICS 3313), 1998, 2002, and 2006 Notes: 1. Deflated using BEA's chain-type price indices for value of shipments. 2. Deflated using BEA's chain-type price indices for value added. Sources:U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Annual Survey of Manufacturers, Statistics for Industry Groups and Industries, 2004 and 2008, Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA), "Value of Shipments and Price Indexes by Detailed Industry 1998- 2007," December 2009, "Gross Output and Price Indexes by Detailed Industry 1998-2007," December 2009; "Price Indexes for Value Added by Detailed Industry," December 2009; U.S. Geological Survey, Aluminum Statistics by David A. Buckingham, Patricia A.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rica bh belize" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

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Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

d d Page Last Modified: May 2010 Table 4d. Value Added 1 by Selected Industries, 1998, 2002, and 2006 (Billion 2000 Dollars 2 ) Note: 1. A measure of manufacturing activity that is derived by subtracting the cost of materials (which covers materials, supplies, containers, fuel, purchased electricity, and contract work) from the value of shipments. This difference is then adjusted by the net change in finished goods and work-in-progress between the beginning- and end-of-year inventories. 2. Deflated using BEA's chain-type price indices for value added. Individual deflators are not available for NAICS 313 and 314, and the combined deflator for "Textile Mills and Textile Product Mills" (NAICS 313, 314) is used. For NAICS 315 and NAICS 316, the combined

162

HON 201, Three Plays F 1-1:50, BH B21  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and Hiroshima and Nagasaki are bombed in 1945. It turns out that the Germans never built an atomic bomb. Third, and meets Bohr. In 1943 Bohr escapes to Sweden. Meanwhile the atomic bomb is developed in America that Heisenberg was directing the Nazi atomic research program. So what did he tell Bohr? Some of the past history

Srinivasan, Bhama

163

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Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Glossary Home > Households, Buildings & Industry > Energy Efficiency > Manufacturing Trend Data, 1998, 2002, and 2006 > Table 5c Page Last Modified: May 2010 Table 5c. Economic...

164

file://C:\\Documents and Settings\\bh5\\My Documents\\Energy Effici  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Glossary Home > Households, Buildings & Industry > Energy Efficiency > Manufacturing Trend Data, 1998, 2002, and 2006 > Table 5b Page Last Modified: May 2010 Table 5b. Economic...

165

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Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Glossary Home > Households, Buildings & Industry > Energy Efficiency > Manufacturing Trend Data, 1998, 2002, and 2006 > Table 4d Page Last Modified: May 2010 Table 4d. Value Added...

166

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Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Glossary Home > Households, Buildings & Industry > Energy Efficiency > Manufacturing Trend Data, 1998, 2002, and 2006 > Table 5a Page Last Modified: May 2010 Table 5a. Economic...

167

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Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Dollars) Value of Shipments 2 29.1 27.4 23.0 Value Added 3 17.2 15.9 12.1 PrivacySecurity | Accessibility | Copyright & Reuse * Contact Us | Feedback | Careers | About EIA...

168

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Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

339 Miscellaneous Manufacturing 105 127 150 Manufacturing 3,896 3,915 5,016 PrivacySecurity | Accessibility | Copyright & Reuse * Contact Us | Feedback | Careers | About EIA...

169

Odd-Z Transactinide Compound Nucleus Reactions Including the Discovery of 260Bh  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

reactions: hot fusion and cold fusion. The main differencenot yet well understood. Cold fusion reactions are, as theof nuclides. An advantage that cold fusion reactions have is

Nelson, Sarah L

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

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Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Activities 60 59 60 324 Petroleum and Coal Products Manufacturing 32 37 126 325 Chemical Manufacturing 230 254 340 326 Plastics and Rubber Products Manufacturing 86 92 99 327...

171

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Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

98.4 88.5 88.2 324 Petroleum and Coal Products Manufacturing 96.1 103.6 113.2 325 Chemical Manufacturing 96.6 104.2 118.6 326 Plastics and Rubber Products Manufacturing 94.0...

172

file://C:\\Documents and Settings\\bh5\\My Documents\\Energy Effici  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Indexes by Detailed Industry 1998-2007," December 2005 and December 2009; American Chemical Chemistry Council, Guide to the Business of Chemistry 2007, Basic Chemicals, 2007,...

173

file://C:\\Documents and Settings\\bh5\\My Documents\\Energy Effici  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Activities 103 93 92 324 Petroleum and Coal Products Manufacturing 227 242 265 325 Chemical Manufacturing 440 452 509 326 Plastics and Rubber Products Manufacturing 168 171 175...

174

Export.gov - B&H Services for U.S. Companies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Commercial Service office in Serbia to provide assistance to U.S. companies wishing to enter or expand business in the Bosnia and Herzegovina market. Let us help you find the best...

175

file://C:\\Documents and Settings\\bh5\\My Documents\\Energy Effici  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

avoidance procedures in place at the time. 3. Denominators represent the entire steel industry, not those based mainly on electric, natural gas, residual fuel oil, coal...

176

file://C:\\Documents and Settings\\bh5\\My Documents\\Energy Effici  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Fuel Consumption, 1998, 2002, and 2006 (trillion Btu) MECS Survey Years Iron and Steel Mills (NAICS 1 331111) 1998 2002 2006 Total 2 NA 950 749 Net Electricity 3 NA 185...

177

file://C:\\Documents and Settings\\bh5\\My Documents\\Energy Effici  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Breeze 1,584 1,462 999 Notes: 1. Deflated by the chain-type price indices for iron and steel mills shipments. 2. The North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) has...

178

file://C:\\Documents and Settings\\bh5\\My Documents\\Energy Effici  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

e Page Last Modified: May 2010 Table 5e. Economic and Physical Indicators for the Steel Industry, 1998, 2002, and 2006 Notes: 1. Includes iron and steel mills and...

179

file://C:\\Documents and Settings\\bh5\\My Documents\\Energy Effici  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1998, 2002, and 2006 (constant 2000 US cents per dollar) MECS Survey Years Iron and Steel Mills (NAICS 1 331111) 1998 2 2002 2 2006 2 Total 3 10.7 13.0 9.4 Electricity 3.0...

180

file://C:\\Documents and Settings\\bh5\\My Documents\\Energy Effici  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

furnaces (including coke ovens), and rolling mills. 3.Denominators represent the entire steel industry, not those based mainly on electric, natural gas, residual fuel oil, coal...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rica bh belize" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

file://C:\\Documents and Settings\\bh5\\My Documents\\Energy Effici  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Notes: 1. Value of production is deflated by the chain-type price indices for iron and steel mills shipments. 2. The North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) has...

182

file://C:\\Documents and Settings\\bh5\\My Documents\\Energy Effici  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

1.3 Notes:1. Value of production is deflated by the chain-type price indices for iron and steel mills shipments. 2. The North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) has...

183

file://C:\\Documents and Settings\\bh5\\My Documents\\Energy Effici  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Metals 758 646 529 332 Fabricated Metal Products 3 1 1 333 Machinery Q 2 * 334 Computer and Electronic Products * 1 1 335 Electrical Equip., Appliances, and Components 27 69...

184

file://C:\\Documents and Settings\\bh5\\My Documents\\Energy Effici  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Metal Product Manufacturing 258 244 267 333 Machinery Manufacturing 286 244 295 334 Computer and Electronic Product Manufacturing 352 425 612 335 Electrical Equipment, Appliance,...

185

file://C:\\Documents and Settings\\bh5\\My Documents\\Energy Effici  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2,123 1,744 332 Fabricated Metal Products 441 387 397 333 Machinery 213 175 204 334 Computer and Electronic Products 205 200 141 335 Electrical Equip., Appliances, and Components...

186

file://C:\\Documents and Settings\\bh5\\My Documents\\Energy Effici  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Metal Product Manufacturing 245 270 311 333 Machinery Manufacturing 276 292 321 334 Computer and Electronic Product Manufacturing 444 454 398 335 Electrical Equipment, Appliance,...

187

file://C:\\Documents and Settings\\bh5\\My Documents\\Energy Effici  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

1,614 1,353 332 Fabricated Metal Products 441 387 396 333 Machinery 213 175 204 334 Computer and Electronic Products 205 200 141 335 Electrical Equip., Appliances, and Components...

188

file://C:\\Documents and Settings\\bh5\\My Documents\\Energy Effici  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

2,120 1,736 332 Fabricated Metal Products 445 388 396 333 Machinery 217 177 204 334 Computer and Electronic Products 205 201 142 335 Electrical Equip., Appliances, and Components...

189

file://C:\\Documents and Settings\\bh5\\My Documents\\Energy Effici  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

sold and transferred out. It does not include electricity inputs from onsite cogeneration or generation from combustible fuels because that energy has already been included...

190

file://C:\\Documents and Settings\\bh5\\My Documents\\Energy Effici  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

output include sales or receipts and other operating income, commodity taxes, plus inventory change. Gross output differs from value added, which measures the contribution of...

191

file://C:\\Documents and Settings\\bh5\\My Documents\\Energy Effici  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

and 2006 (Billion 2000 Dollars 2 ) Notes: 1. Value of production is the name for inventory-adjusted value of shipment data. Capacity adjusted value of production (t) is...

192

file://C:\\Documents and Settings\\bh5\\My Documents\\Energy Effici  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

and 2006 (Current Billion Dollars) Notes: 1. Value of production is the name for inventory-adjusted value of shipment data. Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of...

193

file://C:\\Documents and Settings\\bh5\\My Documents\\Energy Effici  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Btu) Note: The Btu conversion factors used for primary electricity are 10,197 BtuKWh, 10,173 BtuKWh, and 9,919 BtuKWh for 1998, 2002, and 2006, respectively. Sources:...

194

file://C:\\Documents and Settings\\bh5\\My Documents\\Energy Effici  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Btu) Note: 1. The Btu conversion factors used for primary electricity are 10,197 BtuKWh, 10,173 BtuKWh, and 9,919 BtuKWh for 1998, 2002, and 2006, respectively. Sources:...

195

file://C:\Documents and Settings\bh5\My Documents\Energy Effici  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

e e Page Last Modified: May 2010 Table 5e. Economic and Physical Indicators for the Steel Industry, 1998, 2002, and 2006 Notes: 1. Includes iron and steel mills and electrometallurgical ferroalloy product mfg. 2. Deflated using BEA's chain-type price indices for value of shipments. 3. Deflated using BEA's chain-type price indices for value added for primary metal (NAICS 331). Sources: Energy Information Administration, Manufacturing Energy Consumption Surveys 1998, 2002, and 2006; U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Annual Survey of Manufacturers, Statistics for Industry Groups and Industries, 2001,2004, and 2009; Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA), "Value of Shipments by Detailed Industry 1998-2008," December 2009; U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Current Industrial

196

file://C:\Documents and Settings\bh5\My Documents\Energy Effici  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

b b Page Last Modified: June 2010 Table 5b. Consumption of Energy for All Purposes (First Use) per Ton of Steel, 1998, 2002, and 2006 (Million Btu per ton) MECS Survey Years Iron and Steel Mills (NAICS 1 331111) 1998 2 2002 2 2006 2 Total 3 17 16 13 Net Electricity 4 2 2 2 Natural Gas 5 5 4 Coal 7 6 4 Notes: 1. The North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) has replaced the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) system. NAICS 331111 includes steel works, blast furnaces (including coke ovens), and rolling mills. 2. Denominators represent the entire steel industry, not those based mainly on electric, natural gas, residual fuel oil or coal. 3. 'Total' is the sum of all of the listed energy sources, including 'Other,' minus the shipments of energy sources

197

file://C:\Documents and Settings\bh5\My Documents\Energy Effici  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Energy Intensities, 1998 and 2002 > Energy Intensities, 1998 and 2002 > Table 6b Table 6b. End Uses of Energy per Ton of Steel, 1998, 2002, and 2006 (thousand Btu per ton) MECS Survey Years Iron and Steel Mills (NAICS 1 331111) 1998 2 2002 2 2006 2 Total 3 16,957 15,884 17,796 Net Electricity 4 1,602 2,009 4,673 Natural Gas 4,625 4,236 5,969 Coal 487 393 214 Boiler Fuel -- -- -- Coal 81 W 10 Residual Fuel Oil 101 W 266 Natural Gas 527 426 276 Process Heating -- -- -- Net Electricity 751 862 830 Residual Fuel Oil 193 W 112 Natural Gas 3,742 3,592 2,776 Machine Drive -- -- -- Net Electricity 690 939 786 Notes: 1. The North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) has replaced the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) system. NAICS

198

file://C:\Documents and Settings\bh5\My Documents\Energy Effici  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Energy Intensities, 1998, 2002, and Energy Intensities, 1998, 2002, and 2006 > Table 8b Table 8b. Expenditures for Purchased Energy per Ton of Steel, 1998, 2002, and 2006 (constant 2000 dollars 1 per ton) MECS Survey Years Iron and Steel Mills (NAICS 2 331111) 1998 3 2002 3 2006 3 Total 4 58.8 78.1 71.4 Electricity 16.6 24.7 18.9 Natural Gas 13.5 20.8 25.1 Coal 10.2 12.4 12.4 Residual Fuel 0.6 0.0 0.9 Coke and Breeze 16.6 18.3 12.3 Notes:1. Deflated by the chain-type price indices for iron and steel mills shipments. 2. The North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) has replaced the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) system. NAICS 331111 includes steel works, blast furnaces (including coke ovens), and rolling mills. 3.Denominators represent the entire steel industry, not those based mainly on electric, natural gas,

199

Population genetics of the understory fishtail palm Chamaedorea ernesti-augusti in Belize: high genetic connectivity with local differentiation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bacon2,9, Nancy C Garwood3, Richard M Bateman4, Meredith M Thomas5, Steve Russell6, C Donovan Bailey2, William J Hahn7, Samuel GM Bridgewater6 and Rob DeSalle8 Address: 1Department of Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Biology, Columbia University... , Bronx, NY 10458-5126, USA Email: Anglica Cibrin-Jaramillo* - acibrian@amnh.org; Christine D Bacon - cbacon@simla.colostate.edu; Nancy C Garwood - ngarwood@plant.siu.edu; Richard M Bateman - r.bateman@rbgkew.org.uk; Meredith M Thomas - mmt29@cam...

Cibrian-Jaramillo, Angelica; Bacon, Christine D; Garwood, Nancy C; Bateman, Richard M; Thomas, Meredith M; Russell, Steven R; Bailey, Donovan C; Hahn, William J; Bridgewater, Samuel G M; DeSalle, Rob

2009-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

200

Telling friends from foes : strontium isotope and trace element analysis of companion burials from Pusilh, Toledo District, Belize  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Powell 1972 Strontium Isotope Geology. Minerals, Rocks, andisotope ratios in an ecosystem are a factor of the local geology andisotope and trace element values in human bone vary depending on the geology

Somerville, Andrew D.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rica bh belize" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

WHO Technical Manual on Tobacco Tax Administration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Armenia, Australia, Azerbaijan, Barbados, Belize, Botswana,Albania Algeria Armenia Azerbaijan Colombia Egypt Georgia

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model Jump to: navigation, search Name Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model Agency/Company /Organization World Watch Institute Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy Topics Background analysis, Implementation, Low emission development planning, Policies/deployment programs Website http://www.worldwatch.org/node Country Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America References Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model[1] Overview "This project will design a unified low-carbon development strategy for

203

User:GregZiebold/Developing Country Programs Map | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Programs Map Programs Map < User:GregZiebold Jump to: navigation, search Zoom South America Central America North America Africa Central Africa Northern Africa Southern Africa Eastern Asia Southern Asia Asia/Pacific Central Asia Middle East Northern Asia Northern Europe Western Europe Southern Europe Programs & Projects Afghanistan 5 Albania 3 Algeria 6 Angola 1 Anguilla 1 Antigua and Barbuda 6 Argentina 12 Armenia 6 Aruba 3 Azerbaijan 2 Bahamas 6 Bahrain 2 Bangladesh 27 Barbados 9 Belize 8 Benin 3 Bhutan 7 Bolivia 4 Botswana 5 Brazil 37 Brunei 7 Bulgaria 2 Burkina Faso 7 Burundi 6 Cambodia 25 Cameroon 8 Cape Verde 4 Cayman Islands 1 Central African Republic 4 Chad 4 Chile 24 China 63 Colombia 26 Costa Rica 24 Croatia 1 Cuba 5 Democratic Republic of Congo 13

204

OLADE-Central America Climate Change Vulnerability Program | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

OLADE-Central America Climate Change Vulnerability Program OLADE-Central America Climate Change Vulnerability Program Jump to: navigation, search Name OLADE-Central America Climate Change Vulnerability Program Agency/Company /Organization Latin America Energy Organization Partner Ministries of Energy and Energy Enterprises Sector Energy, Land Topics Background analysis Website http://www.olade.org/proyecto_ Program Start 2010 Program End 2011 Country Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America References OLADE Energy and Climate Change Projects[1] OLADE is a Latin American organization working with Central American countries on climate change vulnerability for hydroelectric systems and

205

Category:Countries | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Countries Countries Jump to: navigation, search This category contains sovereign nations and uses the form Country. Pages in category "Countries" The following 200 pages are in this category, out of 211 total. (previous 200) (next 200) A Afghanistan Albania Algeria Andorra Angola Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan B Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi C Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cape Verde Cayman Islands Central African Republic Chad Chile China Colombia Comoros Cook Islands Costa Rica Croatia Cuba Cyprus Czech Republic D Democratic Republic of Congo Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic E Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea

206

The Risk Assessment Information System  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

RAIS User's Group RAIS User's Group The connection is no longer here Fill out the following section for addition to the RAIS User's List: CONTACT DETAILS First name: * Required Last name: * Required Company: Street: City: State: Country: Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Aruba Bahamas Barbados Belize Bermuda Virgin Islands, British Canada Cayman Islands Costa Rica Cuba Dominica Dominican Republic El Salvador Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guatemala Haiti Honduras Jamaica Martinique Mexico Montserrat Netherlands Antilles Nicaragua Panama Puerto Rico Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Pierre and Miquelon Saint Vincent and The Grenadines Trinidad and Tobago Turks and Caicos Islands United States United States Minor Outlying Islands Virgin Islands, U.S. Argentina Bolivia

207

EPA-GHG Inventory Targeted Data Collection Strategies and Software Tools |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

EPA-GHG Inventory Targeted Data Collection Strategies and Software Tools EPA-GHG Inventory Targeted Data Collection Strategies and Software Tools Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: US EPA GHG inventory Targeted Data Collection Strategies and Software Tools Agency/Company /Organization: United States Environmental Protection Agency Sector: Energy, Land Topics: GHG inventory Resource Type: Dataset, Lessons learned/best practices, Training materials, Software/modeling tools User Interface: Spreadsheet Website: www.epa.gov/climatechange/emissions/ghginventorycapacitybuilding/swtoo Country: Nicaragua, Panama, Guatemala, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Honduras, Belize Cost: Free Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America Coordinates: 13.7040888°, -89.1814075°

208

Total Crude Oil and Products Imports from All Countries  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Country: All Countries Persian Gulf OPEC Algeria Angola Ecuador Iraq Kuwait Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Venezuela Non OPEC Albania Argentina Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bolivia Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burma Cameroon Canada Chad Chile China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Cook Islands Costa Rica Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Dominican Republic Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Estonia Finland France Gabon Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibralter Greece Guatemala Guinea Hong Kong Hungary India Indonesia Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liberia Lithuania Malaysia Malta Mauritania Mexico Midway Islands Morocco Namibia Netherlands Netherlands Antilles New Zealand Nicaragua Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Papua New Guinea Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Romania Russia Senegal Singapore Slovakia South Africa Spain Spratly Islands Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Thailand Togo Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uruguay Uzbekistan Vietnam Virgin Islands (U.S.) Yemen

209

EPA-GHG Inventory Targeted Data Collection Strategies and Software Tools |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

EPA-GHG Inventory Targeted Data Collection Strategies and Software Tools EPA-GHG Inventory Targeted Data Collection Strategies and Software Tools (Redirected from US EPA GHG Inventory Targeted Data Collection Strategies and Software Tools) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: US EPA GHG inventory Targeted Data Collection Strategies and Software Tools Agency/Company /Organization: United States Environmental Protection Agency Sector: Energy, Land Topics: GHG inventory Resource Type: Dataset, Lessons learned/best practices, Training materials, Software/modeling tools User Interface: Spreadsheet Website: www.epa.gov/climatechange/emissions/ghginventorycapacitybuilding/swtoo Country: Nicaragua, Panama, Guatemala, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Honduras, Belize Cost: Free Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America, Central America

210

Costa Rica-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

of November 2012, the U.S is working with more than 20 countries as part of the EC-LEDS program. The U.S. has established joint EC-LEDS work programs with 13 countries, including...

211

U.S. Imports from Costa Rica - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

212

Costa Rica - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... power plants, fuel use, stocks, generation, trade, demand ... wind, geothermal, biomass and ethanol. Nuclear ... Central & South America World. Rank .

213

RECORD OF CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION DETERMINATION Project ID No. BH-MM-1066A, BM-1067A, WH-1068A  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

A, BM-1067A, WH-1068A A, BM-1067A, WH-1068A Title: Variable Frequency Drivers for RWIS Pumps GFE Description: Vendor shall provide and deliver variable frequency drivers for the Raw Water Intake Structure (RWIS) pumps at the Big Hill, Bryan Mound, and West Hackberry SPR sites as Government Furnished Equipment (GFE). Installation will be performed by others. Regulatory Requirements: NEPA Implementing Procedures (10 CFR 1021) 10 CFR 1021.410 (Application of Categorical Exclusions) (a) The actions listed in Appendices A and B of Subpart D are classes of actions that DOE has determined do not individually or cumulatively have a significant effect on the human environment (categorical exclusions). (b) To find that a proposal is categorically excluded, DOE shall determine the following:

214

Draft Title 40 CFR 191 compliance certification application for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant. Volume 2: Appendices, AAC, BECR, BH  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the conceptual design of a system the Department of Energy (DOE) may implement for compliance with the requirement to control access to the disposal site. In addition, this report addresses the scheduling process for control of inspection, maintenance, and periodic reporting related to Long Term Monitoring which addresses the monitoring of disposal system performance, environmental monitoring in accordance with the Consultation and Cooperation Agreement between the DOE and the state of New Mexico, and evaluation of testing activities related to the Permanent Marker System design. In addition to access control addressed by this report, the controlling or cleaning up of releases from the site is addressed in the Conceptual Decontamination and Decommissioning Plan. The monitoring of parameters related to disposal system performance is addressed in the Long Term Monitoring Design Concept Description. Together, these three documents address the full range of active institutional controls planned after disposal of the TRU waste in the WIPP repository.

NONE

1995-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

215

Refining the M_BH-V_c scaling relation with HI rotation curves of water megamaser galaxies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Black hole - galaxy scaling relations provide information about the coevolution of supermassive black holes and their host galaxies. We compare the black hole mass - circular velocity (MBH - Vc) relation with the black hole mass - bulge stellar velocity dispersion (MBH - sigma) relation, to see whether the scaling relations can passively emerge from a large number of mergers, or require a physical mechanism, such as feedback from an active nucleus. We present VLA H I observations of five galaxies, including three water megamaser galaxies, to measure the circular velocity. Using twenty-two galaxies with dynamical MBH measurements and Vc measurements extending to large radius, our best-fit MBH - Vc relation, log MBH = alpha + beta log(Vc /200 km s^-1), yields alpha = 7.43+/-0.13, beta = 3.68+1.23/-1.20, and intrinsic scatter epsilon_int = 0.51+0.11/-0.09. The intrinsic scatter may well be higher than 0.51, as we take great care to ascribe conservatively large observational errors. We find comparable scatter in ...

Sun, Ai-Lei; Impellizzeri, C M Violette; Kuo, Cheng-Yu; Braatz, James A; Tuttle, Sarah

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

In Search of the Rain Forest  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

oil extraction in Ecuador, the appropriation and industrialization of herbal medicine in the forests of Belize, a critical history

Hamilton-Smith, Elery

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Project 2012: Increasing Female Representation in Government  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hungary Croatia Bosnia and Herzegovina Rep. of MoldovaBelize (Senate) Bosnia and Herzegovina (House of Peoples)

McLean, Lindsey

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

SEA TURTLES Sea Turtles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mexico, Costa Rica Leatherback Endangered Mexico, Central America (including Costa Rica), Irian Jaya

219

The diammoniate of diborane: Crystal structure and hydrogen release  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

[(NH3)2BH2]+[BH4]- is formed from the room temperature decomposition of NH4+BH4-, via a NH3BH3 intermediate. Its crystal structure has been determined and contains disordered BH4- ions in 2 distinct sites. Hydrogen release is similar to that from NH3BH3 but with faster kinetics.

Bowden, Mark E.; Heldebrant, David J.; Karkamkar, Abhijeet J.; Proffen, Thomas E.; Schenter, Gregory K.; Autrey, Thomas

2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

220

The Role of Friction Stir Welding on the Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of AZ31B-H24 Mg alloy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, an attempt was made to join AZ31B magnesium alloy by friction stir welding (FSW) process. A single tool with cylindrical screw threaded pin was used to investigate the effect of welding parameters on microstructure and mechanical properties of stir zone (SZ). Several welds were made at different rotational ({omega}) and traverse ({upsilon}) speeds, while the {omega}/{upsilon} ratios were kept constant. The optical and scanning electron microscopy were used to study the variation of microstructure across the welds. Moreover, micro-hardness and tensile tests were carried out to evaluate the mechanical properties of joints. It was found that {omega} plays more significant role on the resulted grain structure than {upsilon}, and at a constant {omega}/{upsilon} ratio, decreasing rotational speed decreased the size of grains, and hence, improved the hardness value and the tensile strength of the SZ.

Darzi, Kh.; Saeid, T. [Advanced Materials Research Center - Faculty of Materials Engineering, Sahand University of Technology - Tabriz (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2011-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rica bh belize" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Fuel Ethanol (Renewable) Exports by Destination  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History Total All Countries 32 31 27 27 38 43 2010-2013 Afghanistan 2010-2010 Albania 1 2013-2013 Angola 0 2011-2013 Anguilla 2010-2010 Antigua and Barbuda 0 2010-2013 Argentina 0 0 0 0 0 0 2010-2013 Aruba 0 0 0 2010-2013 Australia 0 0 2010-2013 Bahama Islands 0 0 0 2010-2013 Bahrain 0 2010-2013 Barbados 2010-2011 Belgium 0 0 0 0 0 2010-2013 Belize 0 2010-2013 Brazil 1 2 2 0 2010-2013 Bulgaria 2010-2010 Cambodia 2011-2011 Canada 19 21 22 23 25 24 2010-2013 Cayman Islands 2010-2012 Chile 0 0 0 0 0 0 2010-2013 China 0 0 0 0 0 2010-2013 Colombia 0 1 2010-2013 Costa Rica 0 0 0 0 0 0 2010-2013

222

Siderophore production by heterotrophic bacterial isolates from the Costa Rica upwelling dome  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(cont) An increased understanding of heterotrophic bacterial strategies for acquiring nutrients and trace elements is critical for elucidating their impact on biogeochemical cycling in the ocean. It is estimated that iron ...

Krey, Whitney B. (Whitney Blair)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Lead Acid Battery Recycling in Costa Rica: A Case of Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Selective Recovery of Gold from E-wastes by Using Cellulosic Wastes Stabilization of Chromium-Based Slags with FeS2 and FeSO4 Sulphide Precipitation...

224

U.S. Exports to Costa Rica of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec; 1993: 92: 14: 13: 165: 251: 7: 117: 245: 19: 6: 196: 241: 1994: 513: 15: 452: 15: 127: 8: 20: 7: 269: 10: 6: 144 ...

225

Sweet-Talking the Climate? Evaluating Sugar Mill Cogeneration and Climate Change Financing in India  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2000 Survey of Renewable Energy in India. Theon Small?Scale RenewableEnergyinBelize. Godbole,Totalgrid?connectedrenewableenergycapacitystandsat

Ranganathan, Malini; Haya, Barbara; Kirpekar, Sujit

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

International reserves management and the current account  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Barbados Belarus Bosnia & Herzegovina Botswana China CostaBelarus Bolivia Bosnia & Herzegovina Brazil Bulgaria CapeBelize Benin Bolivia Bosnia & Herzegovina Botswana Brazil

Aizenman, Joshua

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

The Cactus Framework & Numerical Relativity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ray bursts, ... Solving Einstein's Equations #12;4/8/07 BSSN System Plus equations for gauge variables hole physics, neutron star physics, vacuum spacetimes, BH-BH/NS-NS/NS-BH binaries, supernovae, gamma

Allen, Gabrielle

228

Total All Countries Exports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Destination: Total All Countries Afghanistan Albania Algeria Andora Angola Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahama Islands Bahrain Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burma Bermuda Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cayman Islands Chad Chile China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Costa Rica Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djbouti Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Fiji Finland France French Guiana French Pacific Islands Gabon Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guatemala Guinea Guyana Haiti Honduras Hong Kong Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Jordon Kazakhstan Kenya Korea, South Korea, North Kyrgyzstan Kutubu Kuwait Latvia Lebanon Liberia Libya Lithuania Macau S.A.R. Macedonia Madagascar Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Micronesia, Federated States of Midway Islands Moldova Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Namibia Nepal Netherlands Netherlands/Antilles New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Papau New Guinea Paracel Islands Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Romania Russia St. Kitts and Nevis St. Lucia St. Pierre and Miquelon St. Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia and Montenegro Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia Slovenia Soloman Islands South Africa Spain Spratly Islands Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Tanzania Thailand Tonga Togo Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela Vietnam Virgin Islands (British) Virgin Islands (U.S.) Yemen Yugoslavia Zambia Period-Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day

229

Total Net Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products into the U.S.  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Country: Total All Countries Persian Gulf OPEC Algeria Angola Ecuador Iran Iraq Kuwait Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Venezuela Non OPEC Afghanistan Albania Andora Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burma Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cayman Islands Chad Chile China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Cook Islands Costa Rica Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djbouti Dominica Dominican Republic Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Ethiopia Eritrea Estonia Fiji Finland France French Pacific Islands French Guiana Gabon Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guatemala Guinea Guyana Haiti Honduras Hong Kong Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Korea, South Kutubu Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lebanon Liberia Lithuania Macau S.A.R. Macedonia Madagascar Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Micronesia, Federated States of Midway Islands Moldova Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Namibia Nepal Netherlands Netherlands Antilles New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Papau New Guinea Paracel Islands Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Romania Russia St. Kitts and Nevis St. Lucia St. Pierre and Miquelon St. Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Senegal Serbia and Montenegro Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia Slovenia South Africa Spain Spratly Islands Sri Lanka Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Tanzania Thailand Togo Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Uganda Ukraine United Kingdom Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Vietnam Virgin Islands (British) Virgin Islands (U.S.) Yemen Yugoslavia Other Non OPEC Period-Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day

231

A15: Relation between Melting and Hydrogen Desorption ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, In this study, we investigated the melting temperatures and hydrogen desorption properties of LiBH4-NaBH4 mixtures with various compositions,...

232

Gateway:América Latina/Aprender más sobre las ERNC | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ERNC ERNC Jump to: navigation, search En esta sección encontrará una selección de webcasts disponibles en la red, para aprender más de cada etapa de la cadena de valor de un proyecto de ERNC. Etapas en la Cadena de Valor de un Proyecto ERNC Prospección y Estudios de Pre-Inversion Estudios de Ingeniería y Selección de Equipos Construcción y Montaje Puesta en Marcha, Operación y Comercialización Solar Solar Solar Solar Solar Solar Solar Solar Eolica.jpg Eolica Eolica.jpg Eolica Eolica.jpg Eolica Eolica.jpg Eolica Biomasa.jpg Biomasa Biomasa.jpg Biomasa Biomasa.jpg Biomasa Biomasa.jpg Biomasa Geotermia.jpg Geotermia Geotermia.jpg Geotermia Geotermia.jpg Geotermia Geotermia.jpg Geotermia Hidraulica.jpg Hidraulica Hidraulica.jpg Hidraulica Hidraulica.jpg Hidraulica Hidraulica.jpg Hidraulica

233

Response of the Eastern Tropical Pacific to Meridional Migration of the ITCZ: The Generation of the Costa Rica Dome  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A regional ocean circulation model with fine horizontal resolution has been developed in order to obtain a coherent seasonal picture of the eastern tropical Pacific off Central America.

S. Umatani; T. Yamagata

1991-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

What Difference Does it Make? The Impact of Women in Politics in Costa Rica and New Zealand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in government and politics does not correspond to theirof women in politics: What difference does it make?More specifically, does a critical minority of female

Caldwell, Christina

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Transforming and revealing a footprint of place : new National Gallery of Art Project, San Jose, Costa Rica  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The primary focus of this investigation is the insertion of a new piece in an environment where the natural elements of site and the man-made elements of city can begin to inform the ordering systems used in the design ...

Abbo, Mayer S

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

UNAIDS RepoRt oN the globAl AIDS epIDemIc | 2012  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Australia Azerbaijan Bangladesh Belarus Belize Brazil Bulgaria Cameroon Canada Cape Verde Colombia Costa Indonesia Nicaragua Nigeria Pakistan 25­49% Azerbaijan Benin Bolivia Brazil Chile Democratic Republic Hungary Philippines Lebanon Republic of Korea Lithuania Tunisia Serbia Algeria Slovenia Azerbaijan Armenia

Lycan, Deborah E.

237

Category:Latin America Region | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

The following 39 pages are in this category, out of 39 total. A Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Aruba B Bahamas Barbados Belize Bolivia Brazil C Cayman Islands Chile Colombia Costa...

238

Department/ Graduate Institute Name Nationality Remarks Department of Chinese Literature Teo Swee Leng Malaysia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

acceptance (If granted ICDF Scholarship) International Master Program for Environment Sustainable Development Flowers Bryon Belize () Conditional acceptance (If granted ICDF Scholarship) International () Conditional acceptance (If granted ICDF Scholarship) International Master Program for Environment Sustainable

239

An Investigation of Deformation and Fluid Flow at Subduction Zones Using Newly Developed Instrumentation and Finite Element Modeling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

due to M7 class offshore earthquakes, Geophysical Researchof the convergent Pacific margin offshore Costa Rica fromin the ODP Leg 170 area offshore Costa Rica, Earth and

LaBonte, Alison L

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

An investigation of deformation and fluid flow at subduction zones using newly developed instrumentation and finite element modeling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

due to M7 class offshore earthquakes, Geophysical Researchof the convergent Pacific margin offshore Costa Rica fromin the ODP Leg 170 area offshore Costa Rica, Earth and

LaBonte, Alison Louise

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rica bh belize" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Newsletter Signup Form  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

EETD NEWSLETTER - MANAGE SUBSCRIPTIONS EETD NEWSLETTER - MANAGE SUBSCRIPTIONS (red fields are required) Manage subscriptions: Subscribe Unsubscribe Name E-Mail Affiliation Address Address (line 2) City State/Province Zip/Postal Code Country (please select a country) none Afghanistan Albania Algeria American Samoa Andorra Angola Anguilla Antarctica Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegowina Botswana Bouvet Island Brazil British Indian Ocean Territory Brunei Darussalam Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cape Verde Cayman Islands Central African Republic Chad Chile China Christmas Island Cocos (Keeling) Islands Colombia Comoros Congo Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Cook Islands Costa Rica Cote d'Ivoire Croatia (Hrvatska) Cuba Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic East Timor Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Faroe Islands Fiji Finland France France, Metropolitan French Guiana French Polynesia French Southern Territories Gabon Gambia Georgia Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guam Guatemala Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Heard and Mc Donald Islands Holy See (Vatican City State) Honduras Hong Kong Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Korea, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Republic of Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lao People's Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Macau Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Martinique Mauritania Mauritius Mayotte Mexico Micronesia, Federated States of Moldova, Republic of Monaco Mongolia Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Namibia Nauru Nepal Netherlands Netherlands Antilles New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Norfolk Island Northern Mariana Islands Norway Oman Pakistan Palau Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Pitcairn Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Reunion Romania Russian Federation Rwanda Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint LUCIA Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Sao Tome and Principe Saudi Arabia Senegal Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia (Slovak Republic) Slovenia Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Spain Sri Lanka St. Helena St. Pierre and Miquelon Sudan Suriname Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Taiwan, Province of China Tajikistan Tanzania, United Republic of Thailand Togo Tokelau Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United States United States Minor Outlying Islands Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela Viet Nam Virgin Islands (British) Virgin Islands (U.S.) Wallis and Futuna Islands Western Sahara Yemen Yugoslavia Zambia Zimbabwe

242

Using laboratory flow experiments and reactive chemical transport modeling for designing waterflooding of the Agua Fria Reservoir, Poza Rica-Altamira Field, Mexico  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

transport modeling of injection well scaling and acidizingrecovery program. U S A M Injection well Observation wellFig. 1Location of 5 injection wells and 18 monitoring wells

Birkle, P.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Using laboratory flow experiments and reactive chemical transport modeling for designing waterflooding of the Agua Fria Reservoir, Poza Rica-Altamira Field, Mexico  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

11 to 48 m 3 /d]. Recently, PEMEX initiated an aggressiveand Petrleos Mexicanos (PEMEX, Subdireccin Region Norte),oilfield. Thanks to the PEMEX administration for the

Birkle, P.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

New insights into the origin, transport and behavior of noble gases : examples from Monterey Bay, Costa Rica, Iceland, and the Central Indian Ridge  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and rocks of the Monterey Formation, California, Geochim.the organic-rich Monterey Formation. Previous studies of thethe organic-rich Monterey Formation or Santa Cruz Mudstone (

Fueri, Evelyn

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Summary Report: Control Strategies for Mixed-Mode Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Air-conditioning. The Architects Journal. July 20, 1995,Seat or Aisle? The Architects Journal. March 1999. Li, Y.Image: B.H. Bocook, AIA, Architects Image: B.H. Bocook,

Brager, Gail; Borgeson, Sam; Lee, Yoonsu

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Chemical Hydrides Breakout Group  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Process Development Approach To Deliver Economic H 2 via NaBH 4 NaBH 4 Natural Gas Solar Energy Hydro Power H 2 Catalyst + H 2 Borate Return Geo- thermal Energy Source Borates...

247

CNST Researchers Observe Nanoscale Charge Transport in ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The efficiency is strongly dependent on the material morphology, making ... of nanoscale charge transport in bulk heterojunction solar cells, BH ...

2011-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

248

Physics Division ESH Bulletin 99-4 LASER INTERLOCK BYPASSED IN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

result in personnel injury or damage to equipment. (ORPS Report CH-BH-BNL-NSLS-1999-0003) The interlock

249

Synthesis and Characterization of Methylammonium Borohydride  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A new borohydride, [CH3NH3]+[BH4]-, has been synthesised by the metathesis of CH3NH3X and MBH4 in methylamine in order to determine its behaviour in comparison to ammonium borohydride [NH4]+[BH4]-. The introduction of methyl groups is expected to disrupt the hydrogen bonding network of [NH4]+[BH4]- and in turn alter the hydrogen release properties. Room temperature X-ray diffraction studies have shown that [CH3NH3]+[BH4]- adopts a tetragonal unit cell with lattice parameters of a = 4.9486 and b = 8.9083 . The room temperature structure shows considerable hydrogen mobility similar to that observed in NH3BH3. The kinetics and thermodynamics of these reactions have been investigated and show hydrogen release follows a similar pathway to that of [NH4]+[BH4]-. Both compounds decompose slowly at room temperature and rapidly at ca. 40 C to form the diammoniate of diborane or the methylated analogue [BH2(CH3NH2)2]+BH4-. The first stage of decomposition has been further investigated by means on in-situ X-ray diffraction and solid state 11B NMR spectroscopy, and appears to occur in the absence of any detectable intermediates to form crystalline [BH2(CH3NH2)2]+BH4-. [(CH3)2NH2]+[BH4]- and [BH2{(CH3)2NH}2]+BH4- have also been synthesised by analogous routes, indicating a more general applicability of the synthetic method.

Graham, Kathryn R.; Bowden, Mark E.; Kemmitt, Tim

2011-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

250

AGENCY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in Latin America and the Caribbean 1. The text of the Exchange of Letters is reproduced in this document for the information of all Members. This Exchange of Letters constitutes an agreement confirming that: the Safeguards Agreement 1 ' concluded between the Government of Belize and the IAEA pursuant to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) satisfies the obligation of Belize under Article 13 of the Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (the Tlatelolco Treaty) to conclude a safeguards agreement with the IAEA; the safeguards set forth in the Safeguards Agreement shall also apply, as regards Belize, in connection with the Tlatelolco Treaty; the provisions of the Safeguards Agreement shall apply as long as Belize is party to the NPT or the Tlatelolco Treaty or both. 2. The agreement reflected in the Exchange of Letters was approved by the Board of Governors on 18 March 1997, and pursuant to its terms, entered into force on that date. ? Reproduced in document INFC1RC/532.

Acence Internationale; De L' energie Atomique; ????????????? ?????????; ?? ??????? ???????; Organismo Internacional; De Energa

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

TOC for Website  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Thurmont. Howard. Virginia. Mexico; Costa Rica. South America: Paraguay; Brazil; Argentina. Antarctica. End of Table of Contents

252

Tech Beat May 25, 2010  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The network has been rapidly expanding, and now includes time standards in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Jamaica, Panama ...

2010-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

253

NIST Quality Manual  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The SIM CIPM MRA signatories comprise the NMIs in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Jamaica, Mexico, Panama ...

254

Le Systme international d'units The International System of ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... gnrale : Blarus, CARICOM, Costa Rica, Croatie, Cuba, quateur, Estonie, Hong Kong (Chine), Jamaque, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Lettonie, Lituanie ...

2010-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

255

Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies (EC...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Albania, Bangladesh, Cambodia, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Georgia, Guatemala, Indonesia, Jamaica, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Republic of Macedonia, Malawi, Malaysia, Mexico,...

256

Superbase-derived protic ionic liquids  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Protic ionic liquids having a composition of formula (A.sup.-)(BH.sup.+) wherein A.sup.- is a conjugate base of an acid HA, and BH.sup.+ is a conjugate acid of a superbase B. In particular embodiments, BH.sup.+ is selected from phosphazenium species and guanidinium species encompassed, respectively, by the general formulas: ##STR00001## The invention is also directed to films and membranes containing these protic ionic liquids, with particular application as proton exchange membranes for fuel cells.

Dai, Sheng; Luo, Huimin; Baker, Gary A.

2013-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

257

THE INFLUENCE OF DARK MATTER HALOS ON DYNAMICAL ESTIMATES OF BLACK HOLE MASS: 10 NEW MEASUREMENTS FOR HIGH-{sigma} EARLY-TYPE GALAXIES  

SciTech Connect

Adaptive optics assisted SINFONI observations of the central regions of 10 early-type galaxies are presented. Based primarily on the SINFONI kinematics, 10 black hole (BH) masses occupying the high-mass regime of the M{sub BH}-{sigma} relation are derived using three-integral Schwarzschild models. The effect of dark matter (DM) inclusion on the BH mass is explored. The omission of a DM halo in the model results in a higher stellar mass-to-light ratio, especially when extensive kinematic data are used in the model. However, when the diameter of the sphere of influence-computed using the BH mass derived without a dark halo-is at least 10 times the point-spread function FWHM during the observations, it is safe to exclude a DM component in the dynamical modeling, i.e., the change in BH mass is negligible. When the spatial resolution is marginal, restricting the mass-to-light ratio to the right value returns the correct M{sub BH} although a dark halo is not present in the model. Compared to the M{sub BH}-{sigma} and M{sub BH}-L relations of McConnell et al., the 10 BHs are all more massive than expected from the luminosities and 7 BH masses are higher than expected from the stellar velocity dispersions of the host bulges. Using new fitted relations, which include the 10 galaxies, we find that the space density of the most massive BHs (M{sub BH} {approx}> 10{sup 9} M{sub Sun }) estimated from the M{sub BH}-L relation is higher than the estimate based on the M{sub BH}-{sigma} relation and the latter is higher than model predictions based on quasar counts, each by about an order of magnitude.

Rusli, S. P.; Thomas, J.; Saglia, R. P.; Fabricius, M.; Erwin, P.; Bender, R. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer extraterrestrische Physik, Giessenbachstrasse, D-85748 Garching (Germany); Nowak, N. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Physik, Foehringer Ring 6, D-80805 Muenchen (Germany); Lee, C. H.; Riffeser, A. [Universitaets-Sternwarte Muenchen, Scheinerstrasse 1, D-81679 Muenchen (Germany); Sharp, R. [Anglo-Australian Observatory, P.O. Box 296, Epping, NSW 1710 (Australia)

2013-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

258

Microsoft Word - S09799_EnhancedMR.docx  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Groundwater Quality Data - Enhanced Characterization Groundwater Quality Data - Enhanced Characterization This page intentionally left blank DETECTION LIMIT PARAMETER LOCATION CODE UN- CERTAINTY ZONE COMPL FLOW REL. REPORT DATE: 3/7/2013 2:03 pm CLASSIC GROUNDWATER QUALITY DATA BY PARAMETER WITH ZONE (USEE201) FOR SITE RVT01, Riverton Processing Site UNITS QUALIFIERS: LAB DATA QA RESULT SAMPLE: DATE ID LOCATION TYPE mg/L T01-01 0001 08/24/2012 - - # 268 BH Alkalinity, Total (As CaCO3) mg/L T01-02 0001 08/24/2012 - - # 244 BH mg/L T01-03 0001 08/24/2012 - - # 284 BH mg/L T01-04 0001 08/24/2012 - - # 289 BH mg/L T01-05 0001 08/23/2012 - - # 270 BH mg/L T01-06 0001 08/23/2012 - - # 258 BH mg/L T01-07 0001 08/23/2012 - - # 250 BH mg/L T01-08 0001 08/23/2012 - - # 210 BH mg/L T01-09 0001 08/23/2012 - - # 210 BH mg/L T02-01 0001 08/22/2012

259

HYDROLOGY OF SOUTHWESTERNENCINAL OAK ECOSYSTEMS:A REVIEW AND MORE Gerald J. ~ottfried,'Peter F. Ffolliott, and Daniel G. ear^^  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Burns, R.M., Honkala, B.H., 1990. Silvics of North America. 2. Hardwoods. US Dept. Agric. Hdbk. 654, Vol

260

Fabrication and Characterization of Organic/Inorganic Photovoltaic Devices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on the anode side is Indium Tin Oxide (ITO) which is aBH) OPDs is the indium tin oxide (ITO)/poly(ethylene-

Guvenc, Ali Bilge

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rica bh belize" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

RECORD OF CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION DETERMINATION Project ID No....  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and services required to install erosion protection on the adjacent banks of the BH Raw Water Intake Structure. Regulatory Requirements: NEPA Implementing Procedures (10 CFR...

262

Mapping Nanoscale Variations in the Photoresponse of an ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... for high-performance, next-generation solar cells. *The Origin of Nanoscale Variations in Photoresponse of an Organic Solar Cell, BH Hamadani, S ...

2012-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

263

Incremental Network Design with Maximum Flows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dec 21, 2013 ... [4] B.J. Kim, W. Kim, and B.H. Song. Sequencing ... is given by a collection S of 3-

264

Filter-Analyzer Neutron Spectrometer (FANS)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... J. Hwang, "Probing the Unusual Proton and Anion Mobility of LiBH ... Analysis of the Inelastic Neutron Scattering Spectra of Electron Donor-Acceptor ...

265

The Interplay Between Galaxies and Black Holes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Interplay Between Galaxies and Black Holes A Theoretical Overview Massimo Ricotti (U · Formation of "Seed Black Holes" 1. Primordial Black Holes 2. Pop III Stars Remnants 3. Direct Collapse 4. Stellar Dynamics · Black Hole Growth 1. Gas Accretion vs BH-BH Mergers 2. Feeding Black Holes » M

Maryland at College Park, University of

266

Observable Signatures of a Black Hole Ejected by Gravitational Radiation Recoil in a Galaxy Merger  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

According to recent general-relativistic simulations, the coalescence of two spinning black holes (BHs) could lead to recoil speeds of the BH remnant of up to thousands of km/s as a result of the emission of gravitational radiation. Such speeds would enable the merger product to escape its host galaxy. Here we examine the circumstances resulting from a gas-rich galaxy merger under which the ejected BH would carry an accretion disk with it and be observable. As the initial BH binary emits gravitational radiation and its orbit tightens, a hole is opened around it in the disk which delays the consumption of gas prior to the eventual BH ejection. The punctured disk remains bound to the ejected BH within the region where the gas orbital velocity is larger than the ejection speed. For a ~10^7 solar mass BH the ejected disk has a characteristic size of tens of thousands of Schwarzschild radii and an accretion lifetime of ~10^7 years. During that time, the ejected BH could traverse a considerable distance and appear as an off-center quasar with a feedback trail along the path it left behind. A small fraction of all quasars could be associated with an escaping BH.

Abraham Loeb

2007-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

267

A Dark-Matter Spike at the Galactic Center?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The past growth of the central black hole (BH) might have enhanced the density of cold dark matter halo particles at the Galactic center. We compute this effect in realistic growth models of the present (2-3)*10**6 solar mass BH from a low-mass seed BH, with special attention to dynamical modeling in a realistic galaxy environment with merger and orbital decay of a seed BH formed generally outside the exact center of the halo. An intriguing ``very-dense spike'' of dark matter has been claimed in models of Gondolo and Silk with density high enough to contradict with experimental upper bounds of neutralino annihilation radiation. This ``spike'' disappears completely or is greatly weakened when we include important dynamical processes neglected in their idealized/restrictive picture with cold particles surrounding an at-the-center zero-seed adiabaticly-growing BH. For the seed BH to spiral in and settle to the center within a Hubble time by dynamical friction, the seed mass must be at least a significant fraction of the present BH. Any subsequent at-the-center growth of the BH and steepening of the central Keplerian potential well can squeeze the halo density distribution only mildly, whether the squeezing happens adiabatically or instantaneously.

Piero Ullio; HongSheng Zhao; Marc Kamionkowski

2001-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

268

Category:En Español | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

En Español En Español Jump to: navigation, search This is the En Español category. This category is used as a simple placeholder to identify Spanish-language content hosted within http://en.openei.org (English-language site). Pages in category "En Español" The following 27 pages are in this category, out of 27 total. / /marco regulatorio A Gateway:América Latina Gateway:América Latina/Aprender más sobre las ERNC Gateway:América Latina/Centros Latinoamericanos Gateway:América Latina/Diseño de políticas y programas Gateway:América Latina/Estadisticas de ERNC en Latinoamérica Gateway:América Latina/Financiamiento Gateway:América Latina/Fuentes potenciales de energías renovables Gateway:América Latina/Información de recursos ERNC A cont. Gateway:América Latina/Modelos para desarrollar proyectos de ERNC

269

Technical Report - Central America Wind Energy Resource Assessment | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Central America Wind Energy Resource Assessment Central America Wind Energy Resource Assessment Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): This document describes the development of detailed high-resolution (1 km2) wind energy resource maps for the region of Central America that includes the countries of Belize, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua. (Purpose): To provide information on the wind resource potential within the following countries in Central America: Belize, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua. Source NREL Date Released August 21st, 2006 (8 years ago) Date Updated August 21st, 2006 (8 years ago) Keywords Central America documentation GEF NREL SWERA UNEP wind Data application/pdf icon Download Report (pdf, 60.9 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage

270

File:Central America 50m Wind Power.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

America 50m Wind Power.pdf America 50m Wind Power.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Central America - 50m Wind Power Size of this preview: 463 × 599 pixels. Other resolution: 464 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,275 × 1,650 pixels, file size: 1.54 MB, MIME type: application/pdf) Title Central America - 50m Wind Power Description Central America - 50m Wind Power Sources NREL Related Technologies Wind Creation Date 2004/10/22 Extent International Countries Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua UN Region Central America Coordinates 13.846614265322°, -85.703613460064° 50 m wind power density (W/m2) maps of Central America provide information on the wind resource potential within the following countries in Central America: Belize, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua.

271

University of Missouri Foreign Visitor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nicaragua 47 78 Iran 46 79 Vanuatu 46 79 Azerbaijan 45 81 Belize 43 82 El Salvador 42 83 Honduras 42 83 81 0 25970 77 - 103 25x 33x Azerbaijan 81 74 45 55 35 7697 121 5 550 70 97 96 - - Bahamas 129 68 21 - - - - - - - - - Azerbaijan 81 6 26 49 - 10 2 3 22 - - Bahamas 129 - - - - - - - - - - Bahrain 142 6x 36 69 - 9 2 5 10

Zeng, Yong - Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Missouri

272

List of all ENERGY STAR SPP partners | ENERGY STAR  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Providers in a different Country and State: New Search Refine Search All Countries Argentina Australia Belgium Brazil Canada Chile China Colombia Costa Rica Czech Republic...

273

List of ENERGY STAR Partners | ENERGY STAR  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Governments in a different Country and State: New Search Refine Search All Countries Argentina Australia Belgium Brazil Canada Chile China Colombia Costa Rica Czech Republic...

274

SIMnet Launch  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... For the record, I'd like to name all the countries that are participating in SIMnet: Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Jamaica ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

275

LACRP List Serve | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

list on ledsgp.org. Name Organization Email Alpizar, William Costa Rica Ministry of Environment and Energy Alatorre Frenk, Claudio Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) Amin,...

276

LEDSGP/contacts/LEDS Global Partnership List Serve | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Costa Rica Ministry of Public Works Arikan, Yunus ICLEI - Local Governments for Sustainability Arroyo, Gerardo Asgarov, Akbar Azerbaijan Ministry of Ecology and National...

277

Alcator C-Mod is the only high-field, high-density divertor tokamak...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Canberra (HELIAC) * ENEA - Frascatti, Italy * University of Quebec * Institute for Plasma Research, Gandhinagar,India * Ad Astra Rocket Company, Liberia,Costa Rica Appendix A...

278

Secretaries Chu and Clinton Praise Energy Cooperation Across...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Costa Rica is pioneering forest conservation through its ecosystem services program. Brazil is a world leader in biofuels technology. Colombia has built cutting-edge urban...

279

Mayors, Markets and Municipal Reform: The Politics of Water Delivery in Mexico  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rica was founded as a PEMEX oil town in 1951, a conditionyears of oil extraction, PEMEX provided employment forimportant city for the PRI. PEMEX actually constructed the

Herrera, Veronica Maria Sol

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Cycles of Electoral Democracy in Latin America, 1900-2000  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Paraguay Peru Uruguay Venezuela non-democratic democratic1946), Brazil (1946), Venezuela (1946), and Ecuador (1948)Colombia, Costa Rica, Venezuela, and the Dominican Republic.

Smith, Peter

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rica bh belize" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Maureen Dunn | BNL  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

cruises at sea and in research expeditions through rainforests of the Amazonas, Venezuela and Costa Rica Selected Publications Huang, D., Zhao, C., Dunn, M., Dong, X., Mace,...

282

NOVEL CATALYTIC EFFECTS OF FULLERENE FOR LIBH4 HYDROGEN UPTAKE AND RELEASE  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Our recent novel finding, involving a synergistic experiment and first-principles theory, shows that carbon nanostructures can be used as catalysts for hydrogen uptake/release in aluminum based complex metal hydrides (sodium alanate) and also provides an unambiguous understanding of how the catalysts work. Here we show that the same concepts can be applied to boron based complex hydride such as lithium borohydride, LiBH{sub 4}. Taking into account electronegativity and curvature effect a fullerene-LiBH{sub 4} composite demonstrates catalytic properties with not only lowered hydrogen desorption temperatures, but regenerative rehydriding at relatively lower temperature of 350 C. This catalytic effect likely originates from interfering with the charge transfer from Li to the BH4 moiety, resulting in an ionic bond between Li{sup +} and BH{sub 4}{sup -}, and a covalent bond between B and H. Interaction of LiBH{sub 4} with an electronegative substrate such as carbon fullerene affects the ability of Li to donate its charge to BH{sub 4}, consequently weakening the B-H bond and causing hydrogen to desorb at lower temperatures as well as facilitating the absorption of H{sub 2} to reverse the dehydrogenation reaction. Degradation of cycling capacity is observed and is attributed to forming irreversible intermediates or diboranes.

Wellons, M; Ragaiy Zidan, R; Polly Perseth, P

2008-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

283

eGovernment Services in Bosnia and Herzegovina  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

During war years (1992-1995) in Bosnia and Herzegovina development of information society and usage of information and communication technologies (ICT) were halted whilst expansion of the ICT recorded the highest figures in the whole world. As result, Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H) society is at bottom line regarding the development and usage of IC technologies. Post-war development of the information society has not been following world trends because of the complexity of B&H constitution that limits development on many B&H segments including the ICT. Basic prerequisites for further development of ICT have been established through state-level adoption of documents covering the Policy, Strategy and Action plan for the development of the information society in B&H for the period 2004 2010. According to several analysis reports on this sector published by WEF, UNDP, the Secretariat of eSEE, telecomm operators and other institutions, wherein world standards have been taken as reference, the basic ICT infrastructure in B&H is rather well developed what makes suitable environment for development. In the post-war development of the B&H information society the international community has provided substantial support through its organizations including UNDP, USAID, EC and others. Through increased engagements of all relevant players, through adopted legal framework and through the framework to be adopted substantial improvement in the development of the B&H ICT can be expected. Povzetek: ?lanek podaja pregled storitev e-uprave v Bosni in Hercegovini. 1

Senid Gerin; Brane Vuji?i?

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

NEUTRINO SPECTRA FROM ACCRETION DISKS: NEUTRINO GENERAL RELATIVISTIC EFFECTS AND THE CONSEQUENCES FOR NUCLEOSYNTHESIS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Black hole (BH) accretion disks have been proposed as good candidates for a range of interesting nucleosynthesis, including the r-process. The presence of the BH influences the neutrino fluxes and affects the nucleosynthesis resulting from the interaction of the emitted neutrinos and hot outflowing material ejected from the disk. We study the impact of general relativistic effects on the neutrinos emitted from BH accretion disks. We present abundances obtained by considering null geodesics and energy shifts for two different disk models. We find that both the bending of the neutrino trajectories and the energy shifts have important consequences for the nucleosynthetic outcome.

Caballero, O. L.; McLaughlin, G. C. [Department of Physics, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695 (United States); Surman, R., E-mail: lcaballe@uw.edu, E-mail: olcaball@ncsu.edu, E-mail: gail_mclaughlin@ncsu.edu, E-mail: surmanr@union.edu [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Union College, Schenectady, NY 12308 (United States)

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Instructions for the Supporting Statement  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

C:Documents and SettingsloganlaLocal SettingsTemporary Internet FilesContent.OutlookUZP4FQGAInstructions for the Supporting Statementrev-includes BH table.doc General...

286

Quasars Are Not Light-Bulbs: Testing Models of Quasar Lifetimes with the Observed Eddington Ratio Distribution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use the observed distribution of Eddington ratios as a function of supermassive black hole (BH) mass to constrain models of AGN lifetimes and lightcurves. Given the observed AGN luminosity function, a model for AGN lifetimes (time above a given luminosity) translates directly to a predicted Eddington ratio distribution. Models for self-regulated BH growth, in which feedback produces a 'blowout' decay phase after some peak luminosity (shutting down accretion) make specific predictions for the lifetimes distinct from those expected if AGN are simply gas starved (without feedback) and very different from simple phenomenological 'light bulb' models. Present observations of the Eddington ratio distribution, spanning 5 decades in Eddington ratio, 3 in BH mass, and redshifts z=0-1, agree with the predictions of self-regulated models, and rule out 'light-bulb', pure exponential, and gas starvation models at high significance. We compare the Eddington ratio distributions at fixed BH mass and fixed luminosity (both ...

Hopkins, Philip F

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

1190 J. ENVIRON. QUAL., VOL. 26, JULY-AUGUST 1997 Proc. lnt. Symp. on Anaerobic Digestion of Soild Waste, Venice,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1190 J. ENVIRON. QUAL., VOL. 26, JULY-AUGUST 1997 Proc. lnt. Symp. on Anaerobic Digestion of Soild USSR. Chemosphere 26:401-417. Orlygsson, J., F.P. Houwen, and B.H. Svensson. 1993. Anaerobic

Fischlin, Andreas

288

RepublikaRepublika SrpskaSrpska  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, A.M., Fu, B.H., Guo, J.M., Zeng, Q.L., Dang, G.M., He, W.G. and Zhao, Y. (2002). Co-seismic strike-stip

289

SYNTHESIS AND CHARACTERIZATION OF Pa(IV), Np(IV), AND Pu(IV) BOROHYDRIDES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a ( I V ) , N p ( I V ) , AND Pu(IV) BOROHYDRIDES Rodney H.borohydrides of Pa, Np, and Pu have been pre pared and someU(BH. ,)Pu(BHi<)ii are much more volatile

Banks, R.H.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

??? ????? ? ? "!# $?&% ('0 )21 35476 8@93B A3C#476EDGFI HP ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??. ??. D? ?zF?X. ?g?X ?. E&5?. ?. ?. ? ?0 H? #&%bH. DC?. ?d?. X. ? ???. Da?. ??. X. ?? ?R ?. ? ?? ???. ?. ?. ?. ?. ?2F. ?. ?. D? ?zF?X. ???. DC?.

291

Abstract for Tom Luu  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tom Luu LANL Applying the Bloch-Horowitz Equation to s- and p-shell nuclei I describe the current status of the Bloch-Horowitz (BH) formalism in nuclear many-body calculations. I...

292

Numerical Verification of Bounce Harmonic Resonances in Neoclassical Toroidal Viscosity for Tokamaks  

SciTech Connect

This Letter presents the rst numerical veri cation for the bounce-harmonic (BH) resonance phenomena of the neoclassical transport in a tokamak perturbed by non-axisymmetric magnetic elds. The BH resonances were predicted by analytic theories of neoclassical toroidal viscosity (NTV), as the parallel and perpendicular drift motions can be resonant and result in a great enhancement of the radial momentum transport. A new drift-kinetic #14;f guiding-center particle code, POCA, clearly veri ed that the perpendicular drift motions can reduce the transport by phase-mixing, but in the BH resonances the motions can form closed orbits and particles radially drift out fast. The POCA calculations on resulting NTV torque are largely consistent with analytic calculations, and show that the BH resonances can easily dominate the NTV torque when a plasma rotates in the perturbed tokamak and therefore is a critical physics for predicting the rotation and stability in ITER. __________________________________________________

Kimin Kim, Jong-Kyu Park and Allen H. Boozer

2013-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

293

FortyPoint Seven | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

search Name FortyPoint Seven Place England, United Kingdom Zip BH14 8LQ Sector Biofuels Product A Biofuels company founded by John Nicholas, one of Biofuels Corporation...

294

OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Please call me if you have any questions. Sincerely. Michael. E. Mum); Measurement pplicatiorls and Development Group C: R. D. Foley J. D. Kopotic. DOE-OR0 G. L. Palac. Bh'l D-2...

295

Metal Aminoboranes  

Metal aminoboranes of the formula M(NH.sub.2BH.sub.3).sub.n have been synthesized. Metal aminoboranes are hydrogen storage materials. Metal aminoboranes are also precursors for synthesizing other metal aminoboranes. Metal aminoboranes can be ...

296

Hydrogen Storage Workshop Summary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

- Resource depletion Complete chemical hydride fuel cycle NaBH 4 Natural Gas Solar Energy Hydro Power Fuel Cell H 2 Catalyst + H 2 Borate Return Geo- thermal Energy Source...

297

J?@. 6 G/EY C^GHBg3XBh;03X72>pJs3XN`  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

%`$N%W%m%H%?%$%W$r%F%­%9%H=hM}8@8l Tcl $H%0%i %U%#%C%/%i%$%V%i%j Tk $K$h$C$FO 2.2 %F%­%9%H=hM}8@8l Tcl : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 2 2.3 %0%i%$%"%&%H : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : 17 Bh 6 >O I>2A 19 i #12; Bh 7 >O 7kO@ 22 tcl

Tanaka, Jiro

298

Interaction of Lithium Hydride and Ammonia Borane in THF  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The two-step reaction between LiH and NH3BH3 in THF leads to the production of more than 14 wt% of hydrogen at 40 C.In the present study we investigate the reactivity of AB dissolved in tetrahydrofuran (THF) with a suspension of LiH and observe the formation of LiNH2BH3 and enhanced reaction kinetics with an interesting dependence on AB concentration.

Xiong, Zhitao; Chua, Yong Shen; Wu, Guotao; Xu, W. L.; Chen, Ping; Shaw, Wendy J.; Karkamkar, Abhijeet J.; Linehan, John C.; Smurthwaite, Tricia D.; Autrey, Thomas

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Direct Hydrogenation Magnesium Boride to Magnesium Borohydride: Demonstration of >11 Weight Percent Reversible Hydrogen Storage  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We here for the first time demonstrate direct hydrogenation of magnesium boride, MgB2, to magnesium borohydride, Mg(BH4)2 at 900 bar H2-pressures and 400C. Upon 14.8wt% hydrogen release, the end-decomposition product of Mg(BH4)2 is MgB2, thus, this is a unique reversible path here obtaining >11wt% H2 which implies promise for a fully reversible hydrogen storage material.

Severa, Godwin; Ronnebro, Ewa; Jensen, Craig M.

2010-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

300

DOUBLE COMPACT OBJECTS. I. THE SIGNIFICANCE OF THE COMMON ENVELOPE ON MERGER RATES  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The last decade of observational and theoretical developments in stellar and binary evolution provides an opportunity to incorporate major improvements to the predictions from population synthesis models. We compute the Galactic merger rates for NS-NS, BH-NS, and BH-BH mergers with the StarTrack code. The most important revisions include updated wind mass-loss rates (allowing for stellar-mass black holes up to 80 M {sub Sun }), a realistic treatment of the common envelope phase (a process that can affect merger rates by 2-3 orders of magnitude), and a qualitatively new neutron star/black hole mass distribution (consistent with the observed {sup m}ass gap{sup )}. Our findings include the following. (1) The binding energy of the envelope plays a pivotal role in determining whether a binary merges within a Hubble time. (2) Our description of natal kicks from supernovae plays an important role, especially for the formation of BH-BH systems. (3) The masses of BH-BH systems can be substantially increased in the case of low metallicities or weak winds. (4) Certain combinations of parameters underpredict the Galactic NS-NS merger rate and can be ruled out. (5) Models incorporating delayed supernovae do not agree with the observed NS/BH 'mass gap', in accordance with our previous work. This is the first in a series of three papers. The second paper will study the merger rates of double compact objects as a function of redshift, star formation rate, and metallicity. In the third paper, we will present the detection rates for gravitational-wave observatories, using up-to-date signal waveforms and sensitivity curves.

Dominik, Michal; Belczynski, Krzysztof; Bulik, Tomasz [Astronomical Observatory, University of Warsaw, Al. Ujazdowskie 4, 00-478 Warsaw (Poland); Fryer, Christopher [CCS-2, MSD409, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States); Holz, Daniel E. [Enrico Fermi Institute, Department of Physics, and Kavli Institute for Cosmological Physics, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637 (United States); Berti, Emanuele [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Mississippi, University, MS 38677 (United States); Mandel, Ilya [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT (United Kingdom); O'Shaughnessy, Richard [Center for Gravitation and Cosmology, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI 53211 (United States)

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rica bh belize" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Petroleum Supply Annual  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2.PDF 2.PDF Table 32. Exports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Destination, January 2012 (Thousand Barrels) Destination Crude Oil 1 Pentanes Plus Liquefied Petroleum Gases Unfinished Oils Finished Motor Gasoline Motor Gasoline Blending Components Reform- ulated Conven- tional Total Reform- ulated Conven- tional Total Argentina ............................ - 1 0 - - 58 58 - - - Australia .............................. - 0 0 - - 1 1 - 0 0 Bahamas ............................ - 0 6 - - 21 21 2 0 2 Bahrain ............................... - - - - - 1 1 - - - Belgium ............................... - 2 - - - - - - 0 0 Belize .................................. - - - - - 62 62 - 0 0 Brazil ................................... - 0 410 - - 609 609 - - - Canada ............................... 2,425 2,728 421 - - 34 34 0 183 183 Cayman Islands .................. - - - - - 25 25 - -

302

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2 2 September 2013 Table 51. Exports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Destination, September 2013 (Thousand Barrels) Destination Crude Oil 1 Pentanes Plus Liquefied Petroleum Gases Unfinished Oils Finished Motor Gasoline Motor Gasoline Blending Components Reform- ulated Conven- tional Total Reform- ulated Conven- tional Total Argentina ............................ - 0 0 - - 118 118 - - - Australia .............................. - 0 0 - - 0 0 - 0 0 Bahamas ............................ - - 23 - - 875 875 0 314 315 Bahrain ............................... - - - - - 1 1 - - - Belgium ............................... - - - - - - - - - - Belize .................................. - - - - - 0 0 - - - Brazil ................................... - 4 1,238 - - - - - - - Canada ............................... 2,975 2,324 654 - - 348 348 0 1,408 1,408 Cayman Islands ..................

303

Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change Resilience  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search Jump to: navigation, search Name Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change Resilience Framework Agency/Company /Organization Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), United Kingdom Department for International Development, Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre (CCCCC) Partner Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre (CCCCC), Caribbean Community Heads of State (CARICOM) Sector Climate, Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Low emission development planning, Market analysis, Pathways analysis Website http://cdkn.org/project/planni Program Start 2009 Program End 2015 Country Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Montserrat, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, St. Kitts and Nevis, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago

304

Estimates of Oil Reserves Jean Laherrere  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Armenia 4 4 4 4 3 2 3 2 2 Australia 22 40 42 35 36 31 29 31 32 33 Austria 3 6 4 3 2 3 1 1 2 5 Azerbaijan 2 1 Argentina 2 3 1 1 1 1 Armenia 1 3 1 1 Australia 1 2 4 2 1 2 1 Austria 1 1 2 2 Azerbaijan 1 2 Azerbaijan 1 1 Bangladesh 3 1 2 2 1 2 2 3 3 2 Belarus 2 3 3 2 2 2 1 1 Belgium 2 5 3 4 5 4 1 3 5 Belize 1

O'Donnell, Tom

305

Slide23 | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Slide23 Slide23 Slide23 Developing Country Access Afghanistan Guatemala Nigeria Albania Guinea Pakistan Algeria Guinea-Bissau Palestinian Territories (West Bank/ Gaza) Angola Guyana Papua New Guinea Armenia Haiti Paraguay Azerbaijan Honduras Peru Bangladesh Indonesia Philippines Belize Iraq Rwanda Benin Jordan Samoa Bhutan Kenya Sao Tome and Principe Bolivia Kiribati Senegal Burkina Faso Kyrgyzstan Sierra Leone Burundi Lao People's Democratic Republic Solomon Islands Cambodia Lesotho Somalia Cameroon Liberia Sri Lanka Cape Verde Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Swaziland Central African Republic Madagascar Tajikistan Chad Malawi Tanzania, United Republic of Colombia Maldives Thailand Comoros Mali Timor-Leste Congo Marshall Islands Togo Congo, The Democratic Republic of Mauritania Tonga

306

Property:AdvancedEconomy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

AdvancedEconomy AdvancedEconomy Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Boolean. Pages using the property "AdvancedEconomy" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A Afghanistan + false + Albania + false + Algeria + false + Andorra + false + Angola + false + Anguilla + false + Antigua and Barbuda + false + Argentina + false + Armenia + false + Aruba + false + Australia + true + Austria + true + Azerbaijan + false + B Bahamas + false + Bahrain + false + Bangladesh + false + Barbados + false + Belarus + false + Belgium + true + Belize + false + Benin + false + Bermuda + false + Bhutan + false + Bolivia + false + Bosnia and Herzegovina + false + (previous 25) (next 25) Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Property:AdvancedEconomy&oldid=282067#SMWResults"

307

THE SUPERMASSIVE BLACK HOLE MASS-SPHEROID STELLAR MASS RELATION FOR SERSIC AND CORE-SERSIC GALAXIES  

SciTech Connect

We have examined the relationship between supermassive black hole mass (M{sub BH}) and the stellar mass of the host spheroid (M{sub sph,*}) for a sample of 75 nearby galaxies. To derive the spheroid stellar masses we used improved Two Micron All Sky Survey K{sub s}-band photometry from the ARCHANGEL photometry pipeline. Dividing our sample into core-Sersic and Sersic galaxies, we find that they are described by very different M{sub BH}-M{sub sph,*} relations. For core-Sersic galaxies-which are typically massive and luminous, with M{sub BH} {approx}> 2 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 8} M{sub Sun }-we find M{sub BH}{proportional_to} M{sub sph,*}{sup 0.97{+-}0.14}, consistent with other literature relations. However, for the Sersic galaxies-with typically lower masses, M{sub sph,*} {approx}< 3 Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 10} M{sub Sun }-we find M{sub BH}{proportional_to}M{sub sph,*}{sup 2.22{+-}0.58}, a dramatically steeper slope that differs by more than 2 standard deviations. This relation confirms that, for Sersic galaxies, M{sub BH} is not a constant fraction of M{sub sph,*}. Sersic galaxies can grow via the accretion of gas which fuels both star formation and the central black hole, as well as through merging. Their black hole grows significantly more rapidly than their host spheroid, prior to growth by dry merging events that produce core-Sersic galaxies, where the black hole and spheroid grow in lockstep. We have additionally compared our Sersic M{sub BH}-M{sub sph,*} relation with the corresponding relation for nuclear star clusters, confirming that the two classes of central massive object follow significantly different scaling relations.

Scott, Nicholas; Graham, Alister W [Centre for Astrophysics and Supercomputing, Swinburne University of Technology, Hawthorn, Vic 3122 (Australia); Schombert, James [Department of Physics, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR 97403 (United States)

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Quantum Information Paradox: Real or Fictitious?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

One of the outstanding puzzles of theoretical physics is whether quantum information indeed gets lost in the case of Black Hole (BH) evaporation or accretion. Let us recall that Quantum Mechanics (QM) demands an upper limit on the acceleration of a test particle. On the other hand, it is pointed out here that, if a Schwarzschild BH would exist, the acceleration of the test particle would blow up at the event horizon in violation of QM. Thus the concept of an exact BH is in contradiction of QM and quantum gravity (QG). It is also reminded that the mass of a BH actually appears as an INTEGRATION CONSTANT of Einstein equations. And it has been shown that the value of this integration constant is actually zero. Thus even classically, there cannot be finite mass BHs though zero mass BH is allowed. It has been further shown that during continued gravitational collapse, radiation emanating from the contracting object gets trapped within it by the runaway gravitational field. As a consequence, the contracting body attains a quasi-static state where outward trapped radiation pressure gets balanced by inward gravitational pull and the ideal classical BH state is never formed in a finite proper time. In other words, continued gravitational collapse results in an "Eternally Collapsing Object" which is a ball of hot plasma and which is asymptotically approaching the true BH state with M=0 after radiating away its entire mass energy. And if we include QM, this contraction must halt at a radius suggested by highest QM acceleration. In any case no EH is ever formed and in reality, there is no quantum information paradox.

Abhas Mitra

2009-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

309

AMIyMedIcInIntelIgente 10 METERING INTERNATIONAL AMRICA LATINA EDIO/EDICIN 2 2009  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AMIyMedIcIónIntelIgente 10 METERING INTERNATIONAL AM?RICA LATINA EDI??O/EDICI?N 2 2009 S in embargo transmisión vía PLC." #12;11 AMIyMedIcIónIntelIgente METERING INTERNATIONAL AM?RICA LATINA EDI??O/EDICI?N 2 ­ Fronteras del Polígono de instalación #12;AMIyMedIcIónIntelIgente 12 METERING INTERNATIONAL AM?RICA LATINA

Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

310

Chloride substitution in sodium borohydride  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The dissolution of sodium chloride and sodium borohydride into each other resulting in formation of solid solutions of composition Na(BH{sub 4}){sub 1-x}Cl{sub x} is studied. The dissolution reaction is facilitated by two methods: ball milling or combination of ball milling and annealing at 300 deg. C for three days of NaBH{sub 4}-NaCl samples in molar ratios of 0.5:0.5 and 0.75:0.25. The degree of dissolution is studied by Rietveld refinement of synchrotron radiation powder X-ray diffraction (SR-PXD) data. The results show that dissolution of 10 mol% NaCl into NaBH{sub 4}, forming Na(BH{sub 4}){sub 0.9}Cl{sub 0.1}, takes place during ball milling. A higher degree of dissolution of NaCl in NaBH{sub 4} is obtained by annealing resulting in solid solutions containing up to 57 mol% NaCl, i.e. Na(BH{sub 4}){sub 0.43}Cl{sub 0.57}. In addition, annealing results in dissolution of 10-20 mol% NaBH{sub 4} into NaCl. The mechanism of the dissolution during annealing and the decomposition pathway of the solid solutions are studied by in situ SR-PXD. Furthermore, the stability upon hydrogen release and uptake were studied by Sieverts measurements. - Graphical Abstract: Dissolution of sodium chloride and sodium borohydride into each other resulting in formation of solid solutions of composition Na(BH{sub 4}){sub 1-x}Cl{sub x} is studied. Dissolution is facilitated by two methods: ball milling or annealing at 300 deg. C for three days of NaBH{sub 4}-NaCl samples. Sample compositions and dissolution mechanism are studied by Rietveld refinement of synchrotron radiation powder X-ray diffraction data. Highlights: > Studies of dissolution of sodium chloride and sodium borohydride into each other. > Solid state diffusion facilitated by mechanical and thermal treatments. > Dissolution is more efficiently induced by heating than by mechanical treatment. > Mechanism for dissolution studied by Rietveld refinement of in situ SR-PXD data.

Ravnsbaek, Dorthe B.; Rude, Line H. [Center for Materials Crystallography (CMC), Interdisciplinary Nanoscience Center (iNANO), Department of Chemistry, Aarhus University, Langelandsgade 140, DK-8000 Arhus C (Denmark); Jensen, Torben R., E-mail: trj@chem.au.dk [Center for Materials Crystallography (CMC), Interdisciplinary Nanoscience Center (iNANO), Department of Chemistry, Aarhus University, Langelandsgade 140, DK-8000 Arhus C (Denmark)

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

311

THE STABILITY AND REVERSIBILITY OF METALLIC BOROHYDRIDES  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In effort to develop reversible metallic borohydrides with high hydrogen storage capacity and low dehydriding temperature, several new materials have been synthesized by modifying LiBH{sub 4} with various metal halides and hydrides. The investigation shows that the halide modification effectively reduced the dehydriding temperature through ion exchange interaction. The effective halides are TiCl{sub 3}, TiF{sub 3}, ZnF{sub 2} and AlF{sub 3}. The material LiBH{sub 4}+0.1TiF{sub 3} desorbs 3.5wt% and 8.5wt% hydrogen at 150 C and 450 C respectively. It re-absorbed 6wt% hydrogen at 500 C and 70 bar after dehydrogenation. The XRD of the rehydrided samples confirmed the formation of LiBH{sub 4}. It indicates that the materials are reversible at the conditions given. However, a number of other halides: MgF{sub 2}, MgCl{sub 2}, CaCl{sub 2}, SrCl{sub 2} and FeCl{sub 3}, did not reduce dehydriding temperature of LiBH{sub 4} significantly. TGA-RGA analysis indicated that some halide modified lithium borohydrides such as LiBH{sub 4}+0.1ZnF{sub 2} evolved diborane during dehydrogenation, but some did not such as LiBH{sub 4}+0.1TiCl{sub 3}. The formation of diborane caused unrecoverable capacity loss resulting in irreversibility. It is suggested that the lithium borohydrides modified by the halides containing the metals that can not form metal borides with boron are likely to evolve diborane during dehydriding. It was discovered that halide modification reduces sensitivity of LiBH{sub 4}. The materials such as LiBH{sub 4}+0.1TiCl{sub 3} and LiBH{sub 4}+0.5TiCl{sub 3} can be handled in open air without visible reaction.

Au, M

2007-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

312

Catalytic Effect of Ti for Hydrogen Cycling in NaAlH4  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Effect of Ti for Effect of Ti for Hydrogen Cycling in NaAlH 4 Mei-Yin Chou School of Physics Georgia Institute of Technology (DE-FG02-05ER46229) Acknowledgment: Yan Wang, Roland Stumpf Why is NaAlH 4 interesting? A viable candidate for hydrogen-storage material: High theoretical weight-percent hydrogen content of 5.55% and low cost But (before 1997) Dehydrogenation occurs at high temperature; rehydrogenation is difficult. Bogdanovic and Schwickardi, 1997 Hydrogen can be reversibly absorbed and desorbed from NaAlH 4 under moderate conditions by the addition of catalysts (compounds containing Ti, Zr, etc.) High Hydrogen Contents in Complex Hydrides Hydride wt% Hydride wt% Be(BH 4 ) 2 20.8 Mg(AlH 4 ) 2 9.3 LiBH 4 18.2 Ca(AlH 4 ) 2 7.9 Mg(BH 4 ) 2 14.9 KBH 4 7.5 Ca(BH 4 ) 2 11.6 NaAlH 4 7.5 NaBH4 10.7 Ga(AlH

313

Static four-dimensional abelian black holes in Kaluza-Klein theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Static, four-dimensional (4-d) black holes (BH's) in (4+n)-d Kaluza-Klein (KK) theory with Abelian isometry and diagonal internal metric have at most one electric (Q) and one magnetic (P) charges, which can either come from the same U(1)-gauge field (corresponding to BH's in effective 5-d KK theory) or from different ones (corresponding to BH's with U(1)_M\\times U(1)_E isometry of an effective 6-d KK theory). In the latter case, explicit non-extreme solutions have the global space-time of Schwarzschild BH's, finite temperature, and non-zero entropy. In the extreme (supersymmetric) limit the singularity becomes null, the temperature saturates the upper bound T_H=1/4\\pi\\sqrt{|QP|}, and entropy is zero. A class of KK BH's with constrained charge configurations, exhibiting a continuous electric-magnetic duality, are generated by global SO(n) transformations on the above classes of the solutions.

Cvetic, M; Cvetic, Mirjam; Youm, Donam

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Export.gov - Center Content - Home April 2011  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

costarricenses costarricenses Register | Manage Account Search Our Site Click to Search Our Site Export.gov Home Opportunities By Industry By Country Market Research Trade Events Trade Leads Free Trade Agreements Solutions International Sales & Marketing International Financing International Logistics Licenses & Regulations Trade Data & Analysis Trade Problems Locations Domestic Offices International Offices FAQ Blog Connect Home > Costa Rica Local Time: Print | E-mail Page Costa Rica Costa Rica Home SelectUSA Doing Business in Costa Rica Services for U.S. Companies Business Service Providers Links Frequently Asked Questions U.S.-Central America Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA) Holidays Testimonials Contact Us Our Worldwide Network About Us Press Room Other Central American Markets Other American Markets

315

U.S. Fuel Ethanol (Renewable) Imports  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

China : 2006-2006: Congo (Brazzaville) 2006-2006: Costa Rica: 1,056: 872: 270 : 216: 2004-2012: El Salvador: 1,730: 1,667: 786 : 293: 594: 2004-2012: ...

316

Fuel Ethanol (Renewable) Exports by Destination  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

China: 0: 0: 0: 0: 0 : 2010-2013: Colombia: 2 : 33 : 2010-2013: Costa Rica: 0: 0: 0: 0: 0: 0: 2010-2013: Cyprus : 2010-2010: Czech Republic : ...

317

Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

House,D. W. (2006). BiogasHandbook. AlternativeHousetermoperationofa smallbiogas/dieseldual?fuelenginegenerationwith biogasinCostaRica. Retrievedfrom

Casillas, Christian E.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Subduction dynamics at the middle America trench : new constraints from swath bathymetry, multichannel seismic data, and ?Be  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The cosmogenic radionuclide ?Be is a unique tracer of shallow sediment subduction in volcanic arcs. The range in ?Be enrichment in the Central American Volcanic Arc between Guatemala and Costa Rica is not controlled by ...

Kelly, Robyn K

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Land reform, regional planning and socioeconomic development in Brazil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

liberalisation process known as Fujishock) to design land redistribution according to market forces, but socioeconomic results in both countries have not been disparate from prevalent ones in their Latin American counterparts. In Costa Rica, the Agrarian...

Souza, Saulo

2011-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

320

Stephen R. Gliessman: Alfred E. Heller Professor of Agroecology, UC Santa Cruz  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Costa Rica, Mexico, and Vermont. A consummate storyteller,member at the University of Vermont, and is starting up aat the University of Vermont. So theres a nice network.

Reti, Irene H.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rica bh belize" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Radiation Dry Bias of the Vaisala RS92 Humidity Sensor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The comparison of simultaneous humidity measurements by the Vaisala RS92 radiosonde and by the Cryogenic Frostpoint Hygrometer (CFH) launched at Alajuela, Costa Rica, during July 2005 reveals a large solar radiation dry bias of the Vaisala RS92 ...

H. Vmel; H. Selkirk; L. Miloshevich; J. Valverde-Canossa; J. Valds; E. Kyr; R. Kivi; W. Stolz; G. Peng; J. A. Diaz

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

User:GregZiebold/Gateway test | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

test test < User:GregZiebold Jump to: navigation, search List of Gateways (by category): {{#ask: [[Category:Gateways]] | format=ul }} América Latina Buildings Clean Energy Economy Coordinated Low Emissions Assistance Network (CLEAN) ECOWAS Clean Energy Gateway Geothermal Hydrogen Incentives and Policies International Clean Energy Analysis Low Emission Development Strategies Old Geothermal Gateway OldGeoGateway Smart Grid Solar U.S. OpenLabs Utilities Water Power Wind List of Gateways (by namespace): {{#ask: [[Gateway:+]]}} América Latina América Latina/Aprender más sobre las ERNC América Latina/Aprender más sobre las ERNC/Construcción y Montaje/Eolica América Latina/Aprender más sobre las ERNC/Estudios de Ingeniería y Selección de Equipos/Biomasa América Latina/Aprender más sobre las ERNC/Estudios de Ingeniería

323

Metal Aminoboranes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Metal Aminoboranes Metal Aminoboranes Metal Aminoboranes Metal aminoboranes of the formula M(NH.sub.2BH.sub.3).sub.n have been synthesized. June 25, 2013 Metal Aminoboranes Metal aminoboranes of the formula M(NH.sub.2BH.sub.3).sub.n have been synthesized. Available for thumbnail of Feynman Center (505) 665-9090 Email Metal Aminoboranes Metal aminoboranes of the formula M(NH.sub.2BH.sub.3).sub.n have been synthesized. Metal aminoboranes are hydrogen storage materials. Metal aminoboranes are also precursors for synthesizing other metal aminoboranes. Metal aminoboranes can be dehydrogenated to form hydrogen and a reaction product. The reaction product can react with hydrogen to form a hydrogen storage material. Metal aminoboranes can be included in a kit. U.S. Patent No.: 7,713,506 (DOE S-112,798)

324

Note: Experiments in hard x-ray chemistry: In situ production of molecular hydrogen and x-ray induced combustion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have successfully loaded H{sub 2} into a diamond anvil cell at high pressure using the synchrotron x-ray induced decomposition of NH{sub 3}BH{sub 3}. In a second set of studies, radiation-assisted release of O{sub 2} from KCLO{sub 3}, H{sub 2} release from NH{sub 3}BH{sub 3}, and reaction of these gases in a mixture of the reactants to form liquid water using x-rays at ambient conditions was observed. Similar observations were made using a KCLO{sub 3} and NaBH{sub 4} mixture. Depending on reaction conditions, an explosive or far slower reaction producing water was observed.

Pravica, Michael; Bai Ligang; Liu Yu; Galley, Martin; Robinson, John [High Pressure Science and Engineering Center (HiPSEC) and Department of Physics, University of Nevada Las Vegas (UNLV), Las Vegas, Nevada 89154-4002 (United States); Park, Changyong [HPCAT, Geophysical Laboratory, Carnegie Institution of Washington, 9700 South Cass Ave., Argonne, Illinois 60437 (United States); Hatchett, David [Department of Chemistry, University of Nevada Las Vegas (UNLV), Las Vegas, Nevada 89154-4003 (United States)

2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

325

Coordination Chemistry in magnesium battery electrolytes: how ligands affect their performance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Magnesium battery is potentially a safe, cost-effective, and high energy density technology for large scale energy storage. However, the development of magnesium battery has been hindered by the limited performance and the lack of fundamental understandings of electrolytes. Here, we present a coordination chemistry study of Mg(BH4)2 in ethereal solvents. The O donor denticity, i.e. ligand strength of the ethereal solvents which act as ligands to form solvated Mg complexes, plays a significant role in enhancing coulombic efficiency of the corresponding solvated Mg complex electrolytes. A new and safer electrolyte is developed based on Mg(BH4)2, diglyme and optimized LiBH4 additive. The new electrolyte demonstrates 100% coulombic efficiency, no dendrite formation, and stable cycling performance with the cathode capacity retention of ~90% for 300 cycles in a prototype magnesium battery.

Shao, Yuyan; Liu, Tianbiao L.; Li, Guosheng; Gu, Meng; Nie, Zimin; Engelhard, Mark H.; Xiao, Jie; Lu, Dongping; Wang, Chong M.; Zhang, Jiguang; Liu, Jun

2013-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

326

Note: Experiments in hard x-ray chemistry: In situ production of molecular hydrogen and x-ray induced combustion  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We have successfully loaded H{sub 2} into a diamond anvil cell at high pressure using the synchrotron x-ray induced decomposition of NH{sub 3}BH{sub 3}. In a second set of studies, radiation-assisted release of O{sub 2} from KCLO{sub 3}, H{sub 2} release from NH{sub 3}BH{sub 3}, and reaction of these gases in a mixture of the reactants to form liquid water using x-rays at ambient conditions was observed. Similar observations were made using a KCLO{sub 3} and NaBH{sub 4} mixture. Depending on reaction conditions, an explosive or far slower reaction producing water was observed.

Pravica, Michael; Bai, Ligang; Park, Changyong; Liu, Yu; Galley, Martin; Robinson, John; Hatchett, David (UNLV); (CIW)

2012-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

327

Characteristics of Travellers from Bosnia and Herzegovina to Africa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction: Travellers from Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H) travel to different world countries. The awareness of people is changing every day and nowadays travellers seek advices related to their travel and destination more often than before. In the previous years, travellers came to Travel Clinics almost only to get the vaccines which were obligatory for entry into a country. In B&H travel clinics are a part of public health institutes. The largest Travel Clinic which provides service for the highest number of travellers is in the Public Health Institute of Sarajevo Canton, in the city of Sarajevo, which is the capital of B&H. In the last years we have seen an increasing interest for travel to Africa because the highest number of

unknown authors

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Structure determination of an amorphous compound AlB4H11.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The structure of the amorphous aluminoborane compound AlB4H11 was identified through a collaborative study closely coupling a first-principles density functional based approach with experimental measurements using IR, NMR, and neutron vibrational spectroscopy (NVS). The AlB4H11 structure was found to contain distinct [BH4] and [B3H7] units without any [AlH4] units. It forms a [B3H7] Al(BH4) polymer chain with the [BH4] units twisted relative to each other perpendicular to the chain direction and bonded to Al, and a chain backbone consists of [B3H7] and Al where the [B3H7] unit exhibits a triangular boron configuration. The computed lowest energy structure shows good agreement with results of IR, NVS and NMR spectra; this agreement demonstrates the extended applicability of the structure prediction approach to the prediction of even amorphous compounds.

Chen, Xuenian [Ohio State University; Zhang, Yongsheng [Northwestern University, Evanston; Wang, Yongli [Northwestern University, Evanston; Zhou, Wei [National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST); Knight, Douglas A [ORNL; Yisgedu, Teshome [Ohio State University; Huang, Zhenguo [Ohio State University; Lingam, Hima [Ohio State University; Billet, Beau [Ohio State University; Udovic, Terrence J [ORNL; Brown, Gilbert M [ORNL; Shore, Sheldon [Ohio State University; Wolverton, Christopher [Northwestern University, Evanston; Zhao, J.-C. [Ohio State University

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Reversible Dehydrogenation of Magnesium Borohydride to Magnesium Triborane in the Solid State Under Moderate Conditions  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Thermal decomposition of magnesium borohydride, Mg(BH4)2, in the solid state was studied by a combination of PCT, TGA/MS and NMR spectroscopy. Dehydrogenation of Mg(BH4)2 at 200 C, results in the highly selective formation of magnesium triborane, Mg(B3H8)2. This process is reversible at 250 C under 120 atm H2. Dehydrogenation at higher temperature, > 300 C, produces a complex mixture of polyborane species. Solution phase 11B NMR spectra of the hydrolyzed decomposition products reveals the formation of the B3H8 anion, boric acid from hydrolysis of the unstable polyboranes (BnHx) (n = 3-11, x >8), and the closoborane B12H12 dianion as a minor product. A BH condensation mechanism involving metal hydride formation is proposed to explain the limited reversible hydrogen storage in magnesium borohydride.

Chong, Marina; Karkamkar, Abhijeet J.; Autrey, Thomas; Orimo, Shin-ichi; Jalisatgi, Satish; Jensen, Craig M.

2011-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

330

Supersymmetric dyonic black holes in Kaluza-Klein theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study supersymmetric, four-dimensional (4-d), Abelian charged black holes (BH's) arising in (4+n)-d (1 \\le n \\le 7) Kaluza-Klein (KK) theories. Such solutions, which satisfy supersymmetric Killing spinor equations (formally satisfied for any n) and saturate the corresponding Bogomol'nyi bounds, can be obtained if and only if the isometry group of the internal space is broken down to the U(1)_E \\times U(1)_M gauge group; they correspond to dyonic BH's with electric Q and magnetic P charges associated with {\\it different} U(1) factors. The internal metric of such configurations is diagonal with (n-2) internal radii constant, while the remaining two radii (associated with the respective electric and magnetic U(1) gauge fields) and the 4-d part of the metric turn out to be independent of n, i.e., solutions are effectively those of supersymmetric 4-d BH's of 6-d KK theory. For Q \

Cvetic, M; Cveti, Mirjam; Youm, Donam

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

All the four dimensional static, spherically symmetric solutions of abelian Kaluza-Klein theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The explicit form for all the four dimensional, static, spherically symmetric solutions in (4+n)-d Abelian Kaluza-Klein (KK) theory is presented by performing two SO(1,1) boosts on the non-extreme U(1)_M \\times U(1)_E KK black hole (BH) and supplementing it by SO(n)/SO(n-2) transformations. The solutions are parameterized by the mass M, Taub-Nut charge a, n electric \\vec{\\cal Q} and n magnetic \\vec{\\cal P} charges. Non-extreme BH's (with zero Taub-NUT charge) have either the Reissner-Nordstr\\" om or Schwarzschild global space-time, nonzero entropy and temperature. Extreme (supersymmetric) BH's satisfy \\vec{\\cal P} \\cdot \\vec{\\cal Q} = 0 and have a null or naked singularity, with S [T_H] reaching the zero lower [finite or infinite upper] bound.

Cvetic, M; Cveti, Mirjam; Youm, Donam

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Addendum to "Supersymmetric dyonic black holes in Kaluza-Klein theory"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We complete the study of 4-dimensional (4-d), static, spherically symmetric, supersymmetric black holes (BH's) in Abelian (4+n)-d Kaluza-Klein theory, by showing that for such solutions n electric charges \\vec{\\cal Q} \\equiv (Q_1,...,Q_n) and n magnetic charges \\vec{\\cal P} \\equiv (P_1,...,P_n) are subject to the constraint \\vec{\\cal P}\\cdot \\vec{\\cal Q}=0. All such solutions can be obtained by performing the SO(n) rotations, which do not affect the 4-d space-time metric and the volume of the internal space, on the supersymmetric U(1)_M\\times U(1)_E BH's, {\\it i.e.}, supersymmetric BH's with a diagonal internal metric.

Cvetic, M; Cveti, Mirjam; Youm, Donam

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Magnetized hypermassive neutron star collapse: a central engine for short gamma-ray bursts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A hypermassive neutron star (HMNS) is a possible transient formed after the merger of a neutron star binary. In the latest magnetohydrodynamic simulations in full general relativity, we find that a magnetized HMNS undergoes `delayed' collapse to a rotating black hole (BH) as a result of angular momentum transport via magnetic braking and the magnetorotational instability. The outcome is a BH surrounded by a massive, hot torus with a collimated magnetic field. The torus accretes onto the BH at a quasi-steady accretion rate ~10 solar mass/s; the lifetime of the torus is ~10 ms. The torus has a temperature \\sim 10^{12} K, leading to copious neutrino-antineutrino thermal radiation. Therefore, the collapse of an HMNS is a promising scenario for generating short-duration gamma-ray bursts and an accompanying burst of gravitational waves and neutrinos.

Masaru Shibata; Matthew D. Duez; Yuk Tung Liu; Stuart L. Shapiro; Branson C. Stephens

2005-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

334

Phases of information release during black hole evaporation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In a recent article, we have shown how quantum fluctuations of the background geometry modify Hawking's density matrix for black hole (BH) radiation. Hawking's diagonal matrix picks up small off-diagonal elements whose influence becomes larger with the number of emitted particles. We have calculated the "time-of-first-bit", when the first bit of information comes out of the BH, and the "transparency time", when the rate of information release becomes order unity. We have found that the transparency time is equal to the "Page time", when the BH has lost half of its initial entropy to the radiation, in agreement with Page's results. Here, we improve our previous calculation by keeping track of the time of emission of the Hawking particles and their back-reaction on the BH. Our analysis reveals a new time scale, the radiation "coherence time", which is equal to the geometric mean of the evaporation time and the light crossing time. We find, as for our previous treatment, that the time-of-first-bit is equal to the coherence time, which is much shorter than the Page time. But the transparency time is now much later than the Page time, just one coherence time before the end of evaporation. Close to the end, when the BH is parametrically of Planckian dimensions but still large, the coherence time becomes parametrically equal to the evaporation time, thus allowing the radiation to purify. We also determine the time dependence of the entanglement entropy of the early and late-emitted radiation. This entropy is small during most of the lifetime of the BH, but our qualitative analysis suggests that it becomes parametrically maximal near the end of evaporation.

Ram Brustein; A. J. M. Medved

2013-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

335

Induced gravity and entanglement entropy of 2D black holes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using the fact that 2D Newton constant is wholly induced by a conformal field theory, we derive a formula for the entanglement entropy of the anti-de Sitter black hole in two spacetime dimensions. The leading term in the large black hole mass expansion of our formula reproduces exactly the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy S_{BH}, whereas the subleading term behaves as ln S_{BH}. This subleading term has the universal form typical for the entanglement entropy of physical systems described by effective conformal fields theories (e.g. one-dimensional statistical models at the critical point).

Mariano Cadoni

2007-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

336

Effects and Mechanisms of Mechanical Activation on Hydrogen Sorption/ Desorption of Nanoscale Lithium Nitrides  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objective of this project is to investigate and develop novel, mechanically activated, nanoscale Li3N-based and LiBH4-based materials that are able to store and release {approx}10 wt% hydrogen at temperatures near 100 C with a plateau hydrogen pressure of less than 10 bar. Four (4) material systems have been investigated in the course of this project in order to achieve the project objective. These 4 systems are (i) LiNH2+LiH, (ii) LiNH2+MgH2, (iii) LiBH4, and (iv) LiBH4+MgH2. The key findings we have obtained from these 4 systems are summarized below. *The thermodynamic driving forces for LiNH2+LiH and LiBH4 systems are not adequate to enable H2 release at temperatures < 100 C. *Hydrogen release in the solid state for all of the four systems is controlled by diffusion, and thus is a slow process. *LiNH2+MgH2 and LiBH4+MgH2 systems, although possessing proper thermodynamic driving forces to allow for H2 release at temperatures < 100 C, have sluggish reaction kinetics because of their diffusion-controlled rate-limiting steps. *Reducing particles to the nanometer length scale (< 50 nm) can improve the thermodynamic driving force to enable H2 release at near ambient temperature, while simultaneously enhancing the reaction kinetics as well as changing the diffusion-controlled rate-limiting step to gas desorption-controlled rate-limiting step. This phenomenon has been demonstrated with LiBH4 and offers the hope that further work along this direction will make one of the material systems, i.e., LiBH4, LiBH4+MgH2 and LiNH2+MgH2, possess the desired thermodynamic properties and rapid H2 uptake/release kinetics for on-board applications. Many of the findings and knowledge gained from this project have been published in archival refereed journal articles [1-15] and are accessible by general public. Thus, to avoid a bulky final report, the key findings and knowledge gained from this project will be succinctly summarized, particularly for those findings and knowledge available in the public domain. However, for those findings and knowledge that have not been published yet, more detailed information will be provided. The report will be divided into 4 major sections based on the material systems investigated.

Shaw, Leon, L.; Yang, Gary, Z.; Crosby, Kyle; Wwan, Xufei. Zhong, Yang; Markmaitree, Tippawan; Osborn, William; Hu, Jianzhi; Kwak, Ja Hun

2012-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

337

ENVIRONMENTAL REACTIVITY OF SOLID STATE HYDRIDE MATERIALS  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In searching for high gravimetric and volumetric density hydrogen storage systems, it is inevitable that higher energy density materials will be used. In order to make safe and commercially acceptable condensed phase hydrogen storage systems, it is important to understand quantitatively the risks involved in using and handling these materials and to develop appropriate mitigation strategies to handle potential material exposure events. A crucial aspect of the development of risk identification and mitigation strategies is the development of rigorous environmental reactivity testing standards and procedures. This will allow for the identification of potential risks and implementation of risk mitigation strategies. Modified testing procedures for shipping air and/or water sensitive materials, as codified by the United Nations, have been used to evaluate two potential hydrogen storage materials, 2LiBH{sub 4} {center_dot} MgH{sub 2} and NH{sub 3}BH{sub 3}. The modified U.N. procedures include identification of self-reactive substances, pyrophoric substances, and gas-emitting substances with water contact. The results of these tests for air and water contact sensitivity will be compared to the pure material components where appropriate (e.g. LiBH{sub 4} and MgH{sub 2}). The water contact tests are divided into two scenarios dependent on the hydride to water mole ratio and heat transport characteristics. Air contact tests were run to determine whether a substance will spontaneously react with air in a packed or dispersed form. In the case of the 2LiBH{sub 4} {center_dot} MgH{sub 2} material, the results from the hydride mixture compared to the pure materials results showed the MgH{sub 2} to be the least reactive component and LiBH{sub 4} the more reactive. The combined 2LiBH{sub 4} {center_dot} MgH{sub 2} resulted in a material having environmental reactivity between these two materials. Relative to 2LiBH{sub 4} {center_dot} MgH{sub 2}, the chemical hydride NH{sub 3}BH{sub 3} was observed to be less environmentally reactive.

Gray, J; Donald Anton, D

2009-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

338

New thiophene monolayer-protected copper nanoparticles: synthesis and chemical-physical characterization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For the first time copper 3-(6-mercaptohexyl) thiophene-protected nanoparticles (Cu T6SH) have been synthesized by a one-phase system, utilizing an NaBH4/LiCl mixture in diglyme as the reducing reagent and avoiding water medium dissolving ...

Elisabetta Foresti; Guido Fracasso; Massimiliano Lanzi; Isidoro Giorgio Lesci; Luisa Paganin; Tommaso Zuccheri; Norberto Roveri

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Heavy quark production in the black hole evaporation at LHC  

SciTech Connect

The understanding of Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD) and Quantum Gravity are currently two of the main open questions in Physics. In order to understand these problems some authors proposed the existence of extra dimensions in the Nature. These extra dimensions would be compacted and not visible on the macroscopic world, but the effects would be manifest in ultrarelativistic colision process. In particular, black holes (BH) could be produced in proton-proton colisions in the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) and in future colliders. The BH is an object characterized by its mass and temperature wich also characterizes the evaporation process. All kind of particle should be produced in this process. Our goal in this contribution is to study the BH production in proton - proton collisions at LHC and its evaporation rate in heavy quarks. We present our estimate considering two scenarios (with and without trapped energy corrections) and compare our predictions with those obtained using perturbative QCD. Our results demonstrate that in both scenarios the charm and bottom production in the BH evaporation are smaller than the QCD prediction at LHC. In contrast, the top production is similar or larger than the QCD prediction, if the trapped energy corrections are disregarded.

Thiel, M.; Goncalves, V. P.; Sauter, W. K. [Instituto de Fisica e Matematica, Universidade Federal de Pelotas (Brazil)

2013-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

340

The last stages of evolution of close binaries composed of compact companions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gamma-ray bursts (GRB) are the most powerful transient phenomena in the Universe. Nowadays dozens of speculations on the origin of GRB were undertaken, but so far a single model for the origin of, in particular, short GRBs does not exist. The black hole (BH) - neutron star (NS) coalescence is a promising candidate source for short GRBs. Most of binary mergers numerical simulations were carried out with the purpose of investigating the emission of gravitational waves. Such a scenario consists of an inspiral, merging and ringdown phase. In this paper we present the comparison of the observational results and analytical predictions for a test particle in a quasicircular orbit around the BH. The emission of gravitational waves causes a rapid decrease of the orbital radius and a rise of a {\\it chirp} of radiation. Matter orbiting the black hole would be expected to produce high-frequency oscillations (HFO). Timescales of the coalescence process are of the order of milliseconds and oscillation frequencies of hundreds Hz for a system with a solar mass BH companion. We report on the detection of HFO in two short gamma-ray bursts in this paper. The frequencies and durations of the oscillations are in agreement with the predicted values. A {\\it chirp} phenomenon is identified also. We therefore argue in favor of BH-NS mergers as a scenario for the production of short gamma-ray bursts.

B. E. Zhilyaev; D. L. Dubinovska

2008-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rica bh belize" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Quasars Are Not Light-Bulbs: Testing Models of Quasar Lifetimes with the Observed Eddington Ratio Distribution  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use the observed distribution of Eddington ratios as a function of supermassive black hole (BH) mass to constrain models of AGN lifetimes and lightcurves. Given the observed AGN luminosity function, a model for AGN lifetimes (time above a given luminosity) translates directly to a predicted Eddington ratio distribution. Models for self-regulated BH growth, in which feedback produces a 'blowout' decay phase after some peak luminosity (shutting down accretion) make specific predictions for the lifetimes distinct from those expected if AGN are simply gas starved (without feedback) and very different from simple phenomenological 'light bulb' models. Present observations of the Eddington ratio distribution, spanning 5 decades in Eddington ratio, 3 in BH mass, and redshifts z=0-1, agree with the predictions of self-regulated models, and rule out 'light-bulb', pure exponential, and gas starvation models at high significance. We compare the Eddington ratio distributions at fixed BH mass and fixed luminosity (both are consistent, but the latter are much less constraining). We present empirical fits to the lifetime distribution and show how the Eddington ratio distributions place tight limits on AGN lifetimes at various luminosities. We use this to constrain the shape of the typical AGN lightcurve, and provide simple analytic fits. Given independent constraints on episodic lifetimes, most local BHs must have gained their mass in no more than a couple of bright episodes, in agreement with merger-driven fueling models.

Philip F. Hopkins; Lars Hernquist

2008-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

342

A fuel-cell-battery hybrid for portable embedded systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article presents our work on the development of a fuel cell (FC) and battery hybrid (FC-Bh) system for use in portable microelectronic systems. We describe the design and control of the hybrid system, as well as a dynamic power management (DPM)-based ... Keywords: DPM, Simulation, battery, fuel cell, hybrid systems, simulator

Kyungsoo Lee; Naehyuck Chang; Jianli Zhuo; Chaitali Chakrabarti; Sudheendra Kadri; Sarma Vrudhula

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

The eternal sunshine of the sketch data structure  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the past years there has been significant research on developing compact data structures for summarizing large data streams. A family of such data structures is the so-called sketches. Sketches bear similarities to the well-known Bloom filters [B.H. ... Keywords: Data streaming, Network monitoring, Sketch data structure

Xenofontas Dimitropoulos; Marc Stoecklin; Paul Hurley; Andreas Kind

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

5/3/12 98-3 1/5www.phy.ornl.gov/divops/ESH/98-3.html  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

are particularly susceptible to this disease. (ORPS Report SAN--LLNL- LLNL-1998-0012) #12;5/3/12 98-3 2/5www target broke during a high intensity experiment. (ORPS Report CH-BH- BNL-AGS-0002) · Weekly Summary 93 received beryllium-7 uptakes while performing replacement of an accelerator target. (ORPS Report

345

9 H%I '{P 6 'Q 81R "P ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... xw w r q 1q $s 4 r 41q ` df ePw Bhw gBh)isjik'l4xx7$xx6 m nv Page 7. ...

2009-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

346

A Family of Discrete Magnetically Switchable Nanoballs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The thermal and light-induced magnetic properties of a family of discrete magnetically switchable 'nanoball' species (3 nm in diameter) is reported. The self-assembly of these materials is accomplished by the use of the metallo building block, [Cu([Tp{sup 4-py}])(NCCH{sub 3})] ([Tp{sup 4-py}]=tris-[3-(4{prime}-pyridyl)pyrazol-1-yl]hydroborate), combined with a [Fe(NCX){sub 2}] (X = S, Se and BH{sub 3}) species. We previously showed that the thiocyanate analogue (Fe(NCS)-nano) undergoes a thermal and light-induced spin crossover (SCO) - the largest such discrete SCO material reported. Now included in this family are the Se and BH{sub 3} analogues, Fe(NCSe)-nano and Fe(NCBH{sub 3})-nano, which show increased thermal transition temperatures (T{sub 1/2} = 124 K, 162 and 173 K). This variation in transition temperature over the series S < Se < BH{sub 3} results in diverse photomagnetic properties, such that the light-induced excited spin state trapping (LIESST) effect is exhibited to varying degrees and at different temperatures by the S, Se and BH{sub 3} analogues.

Duriska, Martin B.; Neville, Suzanne M.; Moubaraki, Boujemaa; Murray, Keith S.; Balde, Chrif; Ltard, Jean-Franois; Kepert, Cameron J.; Batten, Stuart R. (Sydney); (Monash); (CNRS-LSP)

2012-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

347

Understanding the Nuclear Gas Dispersion in Early-Type Galaxies in the Context of Black Hole Demographics 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The majority of nearby early-type galaxies contains detectable amounts of emissionline gas at their centers. The nuclear gas kinematics form a valuable diagnostic of the central black hole (BH) mass. Here we analyze and model HST/STIS observations of a sample of 27 galaxies; 16 Fanaroff & Riley Type I radio galaxies and 11 (more) normal early-type galaxies. We focus here on what can be learned from the nuclear velocity dispersion (line width) of the gas as a complement to the many studies dealing with gas rotation velocities. We find that the dispersion in a STIS aperture of ? 0.1 ? ? 0.2 ? ? generally exceeds the large-scale stellar velocity dispersion of the galaxy. This is qualitatively consistent with the presence of central BHs, but raises the questions whether the excess gas dispersion is of gravitational or non-gravitational origin and whether the implied BH masses are consistent with our current understanding of BH demography (as predicted by the M ? ? relation between BH mass and stellar velocity dispersion). To address this we construct purely gravitational axisymmetric dynamical models for the gas, both thin disk models and models with more general axis ratios and

Gijs A. Verdoes Kleijn; P. Van Der Marel; Jacob Noel-storr

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Nucleon Spin Composition Hrachya Marukyan, Tbilisi, Georgia, September 2006 2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

#12;Nucleon Spin Composition Hrachya Marukyan, Tbilisi, Georgia, September 2006 2 #12;GPDs and DVCS Process Hrachya Marukyan, Tbilisi, Georgia, September 2006 3 #12;Hrachya Marukyan, Tbilisi, Georgia, September 2006 4 DVCS and BH Interference #12;Hrachya Marukyan, Tbilisi, Georgia, September 2006 5

349

Towards a Comprehensive Fueling-Controlled Theory on the Growth of Massive Black Holes and Host Spheroids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the relation between nuclear massive black holes and their host spheroid gravitational potential. Using AMR numerical simulations, we analyze how gas is transported in the nuclear (central kpc) regions of galaxies. We study the gas fueling onto the inner accretion disk (sub-pc scale) and the star formation in a massive nuclear disk like those generally found in proto-spheroids (ULIRGs, SCUBA Galaxies). These sub-pc resolution simulation of gas fueling that is mainly depleted by star formation naturally satisfy the `M_BH - $M_virial' relation, with a scatter considerably less than the observed one. We found a generalized version of Kennicutt-Schmidt Law for starbursts is satisfied, in which the total gas depletion rate (dot{M}_gas = dot{M}_BH + dot{M}_SF) is the one that scales as M_gas/t_orbital. We also found that the `M_BH - sigma' relation is a byproduct of the `M_BH - M_virial' relation in the fueling controlled scenario.

Escala, Andres

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Hydrogen storage material and related processes  

SciTech Connect

Disclosed herein is a composition comprising a complex hydride and a borohydride catalyst wherein the borohydride catalyst comprises a BH.sub.4 group, and a group IV metal, a group V metal, or a combination of a group IV and a group V metal. Also disclosed herein are methods of making the composition.

Soloveichik, Grigorii Lev (Latham, NY); Andrus, Matthew John (Cape Canaveral, FL)

2012-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

351

Aqueous synthesis and characterization of CdSe/ZnO core-shell nanoparticles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Core-shell nanomaterials based on CdSe as the core and ZnO as the shell were prepared using an aqueous route involving the use of Cd salt and NaBH4 in reaction with Se to generate CdSe in the presence of thioglycerol (TG) as a stabilizer. ...

B. P. Rakgalakane; M. J. Moloto

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Free-Ridership in the Standards-Setting Process: The Case of 10BaseT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Free-Ridership in the Standards-Setting Process: The Case of 10BaseT Martin B.H. Weiss Ronald T to their non-exclusionary nature, are subject to free riders. In this paper, we consider free ridership that free-ridership existed in the development of the 10BaseT standard and in the subsequent product market

353

Ultrasound attenuation measurements in the B-like phase of superfluid 3He embedded in 98% porosity aerogel have been  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

aerogel have been performed at four frequencies between 3.6 and 11.3 MHz. At all of the pressures studied. Considering the unique aspects of aerogel originating from its structure, correlation and finite size Ultrasound Attenuation in Superfluid 3He in Aerogel* B.H. Moon, N. Masuhara, P. Bhupathi, M. Gonzalez, M

Weston, Ken

354

Growth of Crystalline Polyaminoborane through Catalytic Dehydrogenation of Ammonia Borane on FeB Nanoalloy  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Tremendous effort has been devoted to the study of complex and chemical hydrides for hydrogen storage in the past decade[1, 2]. Ammonia Borane (NH3BH3, AB) with a hydrogen content of 19.6 wt % has received significant attention[3-5]. Methods to improve the kinetics of the step-wise dehydrogenation of AB are diverse including the uses of mesoporous frameworks[6], catalysts[7-16], and additives[17]. It was reported that when dissolving in organic solvents AB released hydrogen readily in the presence of transition metal catalysts through the formation of M???HBH2NH3 complex (where M is Ir, Ru, or Ni etc.)[8-10]; Lewis or Brnsted acids, on the other hand, react with AB in solution to form the initiating species (BH2NH3)+[11], which may have the similar function as the [BH2(NH3)2]+BH4- (DADB) in the dehydrogenation of solid AB[17, 18]. However, comparatively little study has been reported on the catalytic dehydrogenation of AB in solid form. Other important but less investigated aspects in the solid-state reaction are the characterizations of functional catalytic species and products from the step-wise dehydrogenation.

He, Teng; Wang, Junhu; Wu, Guotao; Kim, Hyun Jeong; Proffen, Thomas E.; Wu, Anan; Li, Wen; Liu, Tao; Xiong, Zhitao; Wu, Chengzhang; Chu, Hailiang; Guo, Jianping; Autrey, Thomas; Zhang, Tao; Chen, Ping

2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

355

--No Title--  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bohrium (Bh) Quantity Value Units Atomic number 107 Atomic mass 270.134(4) g mole-1 Density ?? g cm-3 Mean excitation energy 1087.0 eV Minimum ionization 1.097 MeV g-1cm2 Nuclear...

356

BIMETALLIC LITHIUM BOROHYDRIDES TOWARD REVERSIBLE HYDROGEN STORAGE  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Borohydrides such as LiBH{sub 4} have been studied as candidates for hydrogen storage because of their high hydrogen contents (18.4 wt% for LiBH{sub 4}). Limited success has been made in reducing the dehydrogenation temperature by adding reactants such as metals, metal oxides and metal halides. However, full rehydrogenation has not been realized because of multi-step decomposition processes and the stable intermediate species produced. It is suggested that adding second cation in LiBH{sub 4} may reduce the binding energy of B-H. The second cation may also provide the pathway for full rehydrogenation. In this work, several bimetallic borohydrides were synthesized using wet chemistry, high pressure reactive ball milling and sintering processes. The investigation found that the thermodynamic stability was reduced, but the full rehydrogenation is still a challenge. Although our experiments show the partial reversibility of the bimetallic borohydrides, it was not sustainable during dehydriding-rehydriding cycles because of the accumulation of hydrogen inert species.

Au, M.

2010-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

357

Newsfront 10-16 March 2008, Issue 57  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ph:- Shop 5011685, Factory: 5555459 Kathmandu l 10-16 March, 2008 l # 57 l Price Rs. 25 www.newsfront.com.np Bh ash wo r O jha King Gyanendra accompanied by Queen Komal driving back after offering Pooja to Pashupatinath temple on the day...

Ghimire, Yubaraj

358

doi:10.1016/j.memsci.2004.04.031  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

doi:10.1016j.memsci.2004.04.031 208 B.H. Howard et al. Journal of Membrane Science 241 (2004) 207-218 Fig. 1. Pd-Cu phase diagram based on data summarized by Subramanian and...

359

Geostrophic Adjustment and Restratification of a Mixed Layer with Horizontal Gradients above a Stratified Layer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The restratification of a mixed layer with horizontal density gradients above a stratified layer is considered. Solutions are obtained on the assumption that the width across this front is much larger than the local radius of deformation ?bh?/|f| based ...

Amit Tandon; Chris Garrett

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Swift J1644+57 gone MAD: the case for dynamically-important magnetic flux threading the black hole in a jetted tidal disruption event  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The unusual transient Swift J1644+57 likely resulted from a collimated relativistic jet powered by accretion onto a massive black hole (BH) following the tidal disruption (TD) of a star. Several mysteries cloud the interpretation of this event: (1) extreme flaring and `plateau' shape of the X-ray/gamma-ray light curve during the first 10 days after the gamma-ray trigger; (2) unexpected rebrightening of the forward shock radio emission months after trigger; (3) no obvious evidence for jet precession, despite misalignment typically expected between the angular momentum of the accretion disk and BH; (4) recent abrupt shut-off in jet X-ray emission after 1.5 years. Here we show that all of these seemingly disparate mysteries are naturally resolved by one assumption: the presence of strong magnetic flux Phi threading the BH. Initially, Phi is weak relative to high fall-back mass accretion rate, Mdot, and the disk and jets precess about the BH axis = our line of sight. As Mdot drops, Phi becomes dynamically important and leads to a magnetically-arrested disk (MAD). MAD naturally aligns disk and jet axis along the BH spin axis, but only after a violent rearrangement phase (jet wobbling). This explains the erratic light curve at early times and the lack of precession at later times. We use our model for Swift J1644+57 to constrain BH and disrupted star properties, finding that a solar-mass main sequence star disrupted by a relatively low mass, M~10^5-10^6 Msun, BH is consistent with the data, while a WD disruption (though still possible) is disfavored. The magnetic flux required to power Swift J1644+57 is too large to be supplied by the star itself, but it could be collected from a quiescent `fossil' accretion disk present in the galactic nucleus prior to the TD. The presence (lack of) of such a fossil disk could be a deciding factor in what TD events are accompanied by powerful jets.[abridged

Alexander Tchekhovskoy; Brian D. Metzger; Dimitrios Giannios; Luke Zoltan Kelley

2013-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

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361

Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap and Strategy |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap and Strategy Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap and Strategy Jump to: navigation, search Name Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap and Strategy Agency/Company /Organization Inter-American Development Bank, World Watch Institute (WWI) Sector Climate, Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy, Economic Development, Energy Efficiency, Greenhouse Gas, Grid Assessment and Integration, Industry, People and Policy, Transportation Topics Background analysis, Baseline projection, Finance, GHG inventory, Implementation, Low emission development planning, -Roadmap, Market analysis, Policies/deployment programs, Resource assessment, Technology characterizations Program Start 2012 Program End 2012 Country Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Montserrat, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, St. Kitts and Nevis, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago

362

Petroleum Supply Monthly  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

6 6 September 2013 Table 52. Year-to-Date Exports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Destination, January-September 2013 (Thousand Barrels) Destination Crude Oil 1 Pentanes Plus Liquefied Petroleum Gases Unfinished Oils Finished Motor Gasoline Motor Gasoline Blending Components Reform- ulated Conven- tional Total Reform- ulated Conven- tional Total Argentina ............................ - 1 1 - - 1,675 1,675 - 0 0 Australia .............................. - 2 5 - - 302 302 - 0 0 Bahamas ............................ - 1 157 - - 2,602 2,602 7 958 965 Bahrain ............................... - - - - - 2 2 - 0 0 Belgium ............................... - 3 256 - - - - - 19 19 Belize .................................. - - - - - 0 0 - 1 1 Brazil ................................... - 24 10,364 - - 1,626 1,626 - 3,162 3,162 Canada ...............................

363

untitled  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Exports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Destination, 2012 (Thousand Barrels) Destination Crude Oil 1 Pentanes Plus Liquefied Petroleum Gases Unfinished Oils Finished Motor Gasoline Motor Gasoline Blending Components Reform- ulated Conven- tional Total Reform- ulated Conven- tional Total Argentina ............................ - 3 2 - - 1,506 1,506 - - - Australia .............................. - 2 7 - - 316 316 0 1 1 Bahamas ............................ - 1 136 - - 1,284 1,284 12 1,042 1,054 Bahrain ............................... - - - - - 4 4 - 0 0 Belgium ............................... - 5 303 - - 248 248 - 50 50 Belize .................................. - - 0 - - 96 96 - 1 1 Brazil ................................... - 29 5,443 - - 6,240 6,240 - 3,909 3,909 Canada ............................... 24,688 42,457 6,994 - - 2,958 2,958 1,832 6,854 8,687

364

Property:NumberOfResourceAssessmentsEnergy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NumberOfResourceAssessmentsEnergy NumberOfResourceAssessmentsEnergy Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Number. Pages using the property "NumberOfResourceAssessmentsEnergy" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A Afghanistan + 1 + Albania + 0 + Algeria + 1 + Andorra + 0 + Angola + 0 + Anguilla + 0 + Antigua and Barbuda + 1 + Argentina + 0 + Armenia + 1 + Aruba + 0 + Australia + 3 + Austria + 0 + Azerbaijan + 0 + B Bahamas + 1 + Bahrain + 0 + Bangladesh + 1 + Barbados + 1 + Belarus + 0 + Belgium + 0 + Belize + 2 + Benin + 0 + Bermuda + 0 + Bhutan + 0 + Bolivia + 1 + Bosnia and Herzegovina + 0 + (previous 25) (next 25) Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Property:NumberOfResourceAssessmentsEnergy&oldid=314431

365

File:NREL-camdirapr.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

File File Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » File:NREL-camdirapr.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Central America - April Direct Normal Solar Radiation Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,650 × 1,275 pixels, file size: 65 KB, MIME type: application/pdf) Title Central America - April Direct Normal Solar Radiation Description Central America - April Direct Normal Solar Radiation Sources National Renewable Energy Laboratory Authors Donna Heimiller Related Technologies Solar, Solar-CSP, Solar-40km Creation Date 2003-12-10 Extent International Countries Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua UN Region Central America File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time.

366

Non Annex B Countries List  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Non Annex B Countries A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, Y, Z A Afghanistan (1949-2007) Albania (1933-2007) Algeria (1900-2007) American Samoa (1954-2007) Angola (1950-2007) Antarctic Fisheries (1970-2007) Antigua & Barbuda (1957-2007) Argentina (1887-2007) Armenia (1992-2007) Aruba (1986-2007) Azerbaijan (1992-2007) B Bahamas (1950-2007) Bahrain (1933-2007) Bangladesh (1972-2007) Barbados (1928-2007) Belarus (1992-2007) Belize (1950-2007) Benin (1958-2007) Bermuda (1950-2007) Bhutan (1970-2007) Bolivia (1928-2007) Bosnia-Herzegovinia (1992-2007) Botswana (1950-2007) Brazil (1901-2007) British Virgin Islands (1957-2007) Brunei (Darussalam) (1930-2007) Burkina Faso (1958-2007) Burundi (1962-2007) C Cambodia (1955-2007) Cameroon (1950-2007)

367

File:NREL-camdirfeb.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

camdirfeb.pdf camdirfeb.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Central America - February Direct Normal Solar Radiation Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,650 × 1,275 pixels, file size: 66 KB, MIME type: application/pdf) Title Central America - February Direct Normal Solar Radiation Description Central America - February Direct Normal Solar Radiation Sources National Renewable Energy Laboratory Authors Donna Heimiller Related Technologies Solar, Solar-CSP, Solar-40km Creation Date 2003-12-10 Extent International Countries Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua UN Region Central America File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment

368

File:NREL-camdiroct.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

camdiroct.pdf camdiroct.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Central America - October Direct Normal Solar Radiation Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,650 × 1,275 pixels, file size: 66 KB, MIME type: application/pdf) Title Central America - October Direct Normal Solar Radiation Description Central America - October Direct Normal Solar Radiation Sources National Renewable Energy Laboratory Authors Donna Heimiller Related Technologies Solar, Solar-CSP, Solar-40km Creation Date 2003-12-10 Extent International Countries Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua UN Region Central America File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment

369

Wind: wind power density maps at 50m above ground and 1km resolution for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

924 924 Varnish cache server Browse Upload data GDR 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142257924 Varnish cache server Wind: wind power density maps at 50m above ground and 1km resolution for Central America from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): 50 m wind power density (W/m2) maps of Central America. (Purpose): To provide information on the wind resource potential within the following countries in Central America: Belize, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua. Source NREL Date Released June 30th, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated October 30th, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords Central America GIS maps NREL SWERA UNEP wind Data application/zip icon Download Maps (zip, 2.2 MiB) Quality Metrics

370

Property:NumberOfLowCarbonPlanningProgramsAgriculture | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NumberOfLowCarbonPlanningProgramsAgriculture NumberOfLowCarbonPlanningProgramsAgriculture Jump to: navigation, search Property Name NumberOfLowCarbonPlanningProgramsAgriculture Property Type Number Description Number of Low Emissions development planning(ProgramTopics) and Agriculture(Sector) programs for a country Pages using the property "NumberOfLowCarbonPlanningProgramsAgriculture" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A Afghanistan + 0 + Albania + 0 + Algeria + 0 + Andorra + 0 + Angola + 1 + Anguilla + 0 + Antigua and Barbuda + 0 + Argentina + 3 + Armenia + 1 + Aruba + 0 + Australia + 0 + Austria + 0 + Azerbaijan + 0 + B Bahamas + 0 + Bahrain + 0 + Bangladesh + 3 + Barbados + 0 + Belarus + 0 + Belgium + 0 + Belize + 0 + Benin + 0 + Bermuda + 0 + Bhutan + 1 +

371

Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change Resilience  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

(Redirected from CDKN-CARICOM-Trinidad and Tobago-A Regional Implementation (Redirected from CDKN-CARICOM-Trinidad and Tobago-A Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Regional Climate Change Resilience Framework) Jump to: navigation, search Name Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change Resilience Framework Agency/Company /Organization Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), United Kingdom Department for International Development, Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre (CCCCC) Partner Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre (CCCCC), Caribbean Community Heads of State (CARICOM) Sector Climate, Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Low emission development planning, Market analysis, Pathways analysis Website http://cdkn.org/project/planni Program Start 2009 Program End 2015 Country Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Montserrat, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, St. Kitts and Nevis, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago

372

Property:NumberOfLowCarbonPlanningPrograms | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NumberOfLowCarbonPlanningPrograms NumberOfLowCarbonPlanningPrograms Jump to: navigation, search Property Name NumberOfLowCarbonPlanningPrograms Property Type Number Pages using the property "NumberOfLowCarbonPlanningPrograms" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A Afghanistan + 0 + Albania + 1 + Algeria + 1 + Andorra + 0 + Angola + 1 + Anguilla + 0 + Antigua and Barbuda + 2 + Argentina + 6 + Armenia + 2 + Aruba + 0 + Australia + 0 + Austria + 0 + Azerbaijan + 1 + B Bahamas + 2 + Bahrain + 0 + Bangladesh + 8 + Barbados + 3 + Belarus + 0 + Belgium + 0 + Belize + 3 + Benin + 0 + Bermuda + 0 + Bhutan + 1 + Bolivia + 2 + Bosnia and Herzegovina + 0 + (previous 25) (next 25) Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Property:NumberOfLowCarbonPlanningPrograms&oldid=59092

373

File:NREL-camdirjan.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

camdirjan.pdf camdirjan.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Central America - January Direct Normal Solar Radiation Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,650 × 1,275 pixels, file size: 66 KB, MIME type: application/pdf) Title Central America - January Direct Normal Solar Radiation Description Central America - January Direct Normal Solar Radiation Sources National Renewable Energy Laboratory Authors Donna Heimiller Related Technologies Solar, Solar-CSP, Solar-40km Creation Date 2003-12-10 Extent International Countries Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua UN Region Central America File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment

374

File:NREL-camdirnov.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

camdirnov.pdf camdirnov.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Central America - November Direct Normal Solar Radiation Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,650 × 1,275 pixels, file size: 66 KB, MIME type: application/pdf) Title Central America - November Direct Normal Solar Radiation Description Central America - November Direct Normal Solar Radiation Sources National Renewable Energy Laboratory Authors Donna Heimiller Related Technologies Solar, Solar-CSP, Solar-40km Creation Date 2003-12-10 Extent International Countries Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua UN Region Central America File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment

375

CDKN-CARICOM-A Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Regional  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CARICOM-A Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Regional CARICOM-A Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Regional Climate Change Resilience Framework Jump to: navigation, search Name CDKN-CARICOM-A Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Regional Climate Change Resilience Framework Agency/Company /Organization Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), United Kingdom Department for International Development Partner Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre (CCCCC), Caribbean Community Heads of State (CARICOM) Sector Climate, Energy, Land Topics Background analysis, Market analysis, Pathways analysis Website http://cdkn.org/project/planni Program Start 2010 Country Antigua and Barbuda, The Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Haiti, Jamaica, Montserrat, Saint Lucia, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago

376

Central America | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Central America Central America Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): 50 m wind power density (W/m2) maps of Central America. (Purpose): To provide information on the wind resource potential within the following countries in Central America: Belize, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua. Source NREL Date Released June 30th, 2004 (10 years ago) Date Updated October 30th, 2007 (7 years ago) Keywords Central America GIS maps NREL SWERA UNEP wind Data application/zip icon Download Maps (zip, 2.2 MiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Some Review Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Time Period 2004 License License Open Data Commons Public Domain Dedication and Licence (PDDL) Comment Rate this dataset Usefulness of the metadata Average vote Your vote Usefulness of the dataset

377

File:NREL-camdirdec.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

camdirdec.pdf camdirdec.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Central America - December Direct Normal Solar Radiation Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,650 × 1,275 pixels, file size: 66 KB, MIME type: application/pdf) Title Central America - December Direct Normal Solar Radiation Description Central America - December Direct Normal Solar Radiation Sources National Renewable Energy Laboratory Authors Donna Heimiller Related Technologies Solar, Solar-CSP, Solar-40km Creation Date 2003-12-10 Extent International Countries Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua UN Region Central America File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment

378

Property:NumberOfSolarResources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NumberOfSolarResources NumberOfSolarResources Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Number. Pages using the property "NumberOfSolarResources" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A Afghanistan + 1 + Albania + 0 + Algeria + 1 + Andorra + 0 + Angola + 0 + Anguilla + 0 + Antigua and Barbuda + 0 + Argentina + 2 + Armenia + 0 + Aruba + 0 + Australia + 0 + Austria + 0 + Azerbaijan + 0 + B Bahamas + 0 + Bahrain + 0 + Bangladesh + 0 + Barbados + 0 + Belarus + 0 + Belgium + 0 + Belize + 0 + Benin + 0 + Bermuda + 0 + Bhutan + 2 + Bolivia + 0 + Bosnia and Herzegovina + 0 + (previous 25) (next 25) Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Property:NumberOfSolarResources&oldid=313617#SMWResults" What links here

379

Property:EndYear | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Property Property Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Property:EndYear Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Date. The allowed values for this property are: 2024 2023 2022 2021 2020 2019 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1996 1995 1994 1993 1992 1991 1990 1989 1988 1987 1986 1985 1984 1983 1982 1981 Pages using the property "EndYear" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A ASEAN-GIZ Regional Environmentally Sustainable Cities Programme - RESCP + 2012 + Africa - CCS capacity building + 2011 + Algeria-DLR Resource Assessments + 2008 + B Bangladesh-DLR Resource Assessments + 2004 + Bangladesh-GTZ Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Programme + 2011 + Belize-OAS Cellulosic Ethanol Market Assessment + 2009 +

380

Microsoft Word - central-america-document_de-dh.doc  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wind Energy Resource Mapping Activity Wind Energy Resource Mapping Activity Introduction This document describes the development of detailed high-resolution (1 km 2 ) wind energy resource maps for the region of Central America that includes the countries of Belize, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua. These maps were created at the United States Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) as part of the Solar and Wind Energy Resource Assessment (SWERA) project for the United Nations Environment Programme. The regional wind mapping activity covered vast areas totaling about 400,000 km 2 of land area and, including offshore areas, almost 500,000 km 2 . The maps can be found in a separate part of the SWERA archive. NREL's Wind Resource Assessment and Mapping System (WRAMS) is a combination of analytical,

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381

File:NREL-camdirsept.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

camdirsept.pdf camdirsept.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Central America - September Direct Normal Solar Radiation Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,650 × 1,275 pixels, file size: 66 KB, MIME type: application/pdf) Title Central America - September Direct Normal Solar Radiation Description Central America - September Direct Normal Solar Radiation Sources National Renewable Energy Laboratory Authors Donna Heimiller Related Technologies Solar, Solar-CSP, Solar-40km Creation Date 2003-12-10 Extent International Countries Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua UN Region Central America File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment

382

Wind: wind power density GIS data at 50m above ground and 1km resolution  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Central America from NREL Central America from NREL Dataset Summary Description (Abstract): Raster GIS data, 50 m wind power density for Central America (Purpose): To provide information on the wind resource potential within the following countries in Central America: Belize, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua. (Supplemental Information): ***** Spatial Reference Information (Beg) *****Projection ParametersCoordinate System:Lambert_Azimuthal_Equal_AreaFalse_Easting: 0.000000False_Northing: 0.000000Central_Meridian: -87.450000Latitude_Of_Origin: 13.300000GCS_Sphere_ARC_INFODatum: D_Sphere_ARC_INFOPrime Meridian: 0Units: MetersSpatial InformationRaster:Number of Columns: 1374Number of Rows: 1143Pixel Resolution (m): 1000Data Type: integer***** Spatial Reference Information (End) *****

383

Reply to comment | OSTI, US Dept of Energy, Office of Scientific and  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Reply to comment Reply to comment Slide23 Submitted by gibsone on Fri, 2013-08-30 06:22 FY2011-hitson Slide23 Developing Country Access Afghanistan Guatemala Nigeria Albania Guinea Pakistan Algeria Guinea-Bissau Palestinian Territories (West Bank/ Gaza) Angola Guyana Papua New Guinea Armenia Haiti Paraguay Azerbaijan Honduras Peru Bangladesh Indonesia Philippines Belize Iraq Rwanda Benin Jordan Samoa Bhutan Kenya Sao Tome and Principe Bolivia Kiribati Senegal Burkina Faso Kyrgyzstan Sierra Leone Burundi Lao People's Democratic Republic Solomon Islands Cambodia Lesotho Somalia Cameroon Liberia Sri Lanka Cape Verde Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Swaziland Central African Republic Madagascar Tajikistan Chad Malawi Tanzania, United Republic of Colombia Maldives Thailand Comoros Mali Timor-Leste

384

Supporting the Zero Emissions Strategy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

the Zero Emissions Strategy the Zero Emissions Strategy Jump to: navigation, search Name Maldives - Supporting the Zero Emissions Strategy Agency/Company /Organization German Agency for International Cooperation (GIZ) Partner Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency Topics Low emission development planning, Pathways analysis Program Start 2011 Program End 2013 Country Costa Rica, Maldives Central America, Southern Asia References GTZ Schwerpunkte[1] GIZ[2] Contents 1 Overview 1.1 Costa Rica 1.2 Maldives 2 Outcomes, Lessons Learned and Good Practices 3 References Overview Costa Rica Maldives The Maldives are less the 2.5 m above sea level. Hence, the danger from climate change is crucial. At the same time the Maldives' economy,

385

Electromechanical Engineering Consulting Group ECG | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Electromechanical Engineering Consulting Group ECG Electromechanical Engineering Consulting Group ECG Jump to: navigation, search Name Electromechanical Engineering Consulting Group (ECG) Place San Jose, Costa Rica Zip 1521-1000 Sector Solar Product Costa Rica based solar thermal and PV installer engineering company. References Electromechanical Engineering Consulting Group (ECG)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Electromechanical Engineering Consulting Group (ECG) is a company located in San Jose, Costa Rica . References ↑ "Electromechanical Engineering Consulting Group (ECG)" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Electromechanical_Engineering_Consulting_Group_ECG&oldid=344616

386

Determination of silica deposition rates and thresholds applied towards protection of injection reservoirs  

SciTech Connect

This program was instituted to quantify certain aspects of silica scaling deposition processes at the Miravalles Geothermal Field, Costa Rica. The program objective was to identify the highest temperature at which silica scale will develop from partially evaporated and significantly cooled geothermal liquid under operating conditions. Integral to the study objective was the quantification of certain aspects of silica deposition processes at the Miravalles Geothermal Field, Costa Rica. There, the objective was to reduce the scaling risk associated with adding a bottoming-cycle to generate more electricity from the liquids already being produced.

Geothermal Development Associates; Don Michels Associates

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

THE NUCLEAR X-RAY EMISSION OF NEARBY EARLY-TYPE GALAXIES  

SciTech Connect

Nuclear hard X-ray luminosities (L{sub X,nuc}) for a sample of 112 early-type galaxies within a distance of 67 Mpc are used to investigate their relationship with the central galactic black hole mass M{sub BH} (coming from direct dynamical studies or the M{sub BH}-{sigma} relation), the inner galactic structure (using the parameters describing its cuspiness), the hot gas content, and the core radio luminosity. For this sample, L {sub X,nuc} ranges from 10{sup 38} to 10{sup 42} erg s{sup -1}, and the Eddington ratio L{sub X,nuc}/L {sub Edd} from 10{sup -9} to 10{sup -4}, with the largest values belonging to four Seyfert galaxies. Together with a trend for L{sub X,nuc} to increase on average with the galactic luminosity L{sub B} and M{sub BH}, there is a wide variation of L{sub X,nuc} (and L{sub X,nuc}/L {sub Edd}), by up to 4 orders of magnitude, at any fixed L{sub B} > 6 x 10{sup 9} L{sub B,sun} or M{sub BH} > 10{sup 7} M{sub sun}. This large observed range should reflect a large variation of the mass accretion rate M-dot{sub BH}, and possible reasons for this difference are searched for. On the circumnuclear scale, in a scenario where accretion is (quasi) steady, M-dot{sub BH} at fixed L{sub B} (or M{sub BH}) could vary due to differences in the fuel production rate from stellar mass return linked to the inner galactic structure; a trend of L {sub X,nuc} with cuspiness is not observed, though, while a tendency for L{sub X,nuc}/L {sub Edd} to be larger in cuspier galaxies is present. In fact, M-dot {sub BH} is predicted to vary with cuspiness by a factor exceeding a few only in hot gas-poor galaxies and for large differences in the core radius; for a subsample with these characteristics the expected effect seems to be present in the observed L{sub X,nuc} values. L{sub X,nuc} does not show a dependence on the age of the stellar population in the central galactic region, for ages >3 Gyr; less luminous nuclei, though, are found among the youngest galaxies or galaxies with a younger stellar component. On the global galactic scale, L{sub X,nuc} shows a trend with the total galactic hot gas cooling rate (L{sub X,ISM}): it is detected both in gas-poor and gas-rich galaxies, and on average increases with L{sub X,ISM}, but again with a large scatter. The observed lack of a tight relationship between L{sub X,nuc} and the circumnuclear and total gas content can be explained if accretion is regulated by factors overcoming the importance of fuel availability, as (1) the gas is heated by black hole feedback and M-dot {sub BH} varies due to an activity cycle, and (2) the mass effectively accreted by the black hole can be largely reduced with respect to that entering the circumnuclear region, as in radiatively inefficient accretion with winds/outflows. Finally, differently from L{sub X,nuc}, the central 5 GHz VLA luminosity shows a clear trend with the inner galactic structure that is similar to that shown by the total soft X-ray emission; therefore, it is suggested that they could both be produced by the hot gas.

Pellegrini, S., E-mail: silvia.pellegrini@unibo.i [Astronomy Department, University of Bologna, via Ranzani 1, 40127 Bologna (Italy)

2010-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

388

Discovery of Novel Complex Metal Hydrides for Hydrogen Storage through Molecular Modeling and Combinatorial Methods  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Once certified, a combinatorial 21-point study of the NaAlH4 ?? LiAlH4 ??Mg(AlH4)2 phase diagram was investigated with the MT assay. Stability proved to be a problem as many of the materials decomposed during synthesis, altering the expected assay results. This resulted in repeating the entire experiment with a mild milling approach, which only temporarily increased capacity. NaAlH4 was the best performer in both studies and no new mixed alanates were observed, a result consistent with the VHTS. Powder XRD suggested that the reverse reaction, the regeneration of the alanate from alkali hydride, Al and hydrogen, was hampering reversibility. The reverse reaction was then studied for the same phase diagram, starting with LiH, NaH, and MgH2, and Al. The study was extended to phase diagrams including KH and CaH2 as well. The observed hydrogen storage capacity in the Al hexahydrides was less than 4 wt. %, well short of DOE targets. The HT assay came on line and after certification with studies on NaAlH4, was first applied to the LiNH2 - LiBH4 - MgH2 phase diagram. The 60-point study elucidated trends within the system locating an optimum material of 0.6 LiNH2 ?? 0.3 MgH2 ?? 0.1 LiBH4 that stored about 4 wt. % H2 reversibly and operated below 220 °C. Also present was the phase Li4(NH2)3BH4, which had been discovered in the LiNH2 -LiBH4 system. This new ternary formulation performed much better than the well-known 2 LiNH2 ?? MgH2 system by 50 °C in the HT assay. The Li4(NH2)3BH4 is a low melting ionic liquid under our test conditions and facilitates the phase transformations required in the hydrogen storage reaction, which no longer relies on a higher energy solid state reaction pathway. Further study showed that the 0.6 LiNH2 ?? 0.3 MgH2 ?? 0.1 LiBH4 formulation was very stable with respect to ammonia and diborane desorption, the observed desorption was from hydrogen. This result could not have been anticipated and was made possible by the efficiency of HT combinatorial methods. Investigation of the analogous LiNH2 ?? LiBH4 ?? CaH2 phase diagram revealed new reversible hydrogen storage materials 0.625 LiBH4 + 0.375 CaH2 and 0.375 LiNH2 + 0.25 LiBH4 + 0.375 CaH2 operating at 1 wt. % reversible hydrogen below 175 °C. Powder x-ray diffraction revealed a new structure for the spent materials which had not been previously observed. While the storage capacity was not impressive, an important aspect is that it boron appears to participate in a low temperature reversible reaction. The last major area of study also focused

Lesch, David A; Adriaan Sachtler, J.W. J.; Low, John J; Jensen, Craig M; Ozolins, Vidvuds; Siegel, Don

2011-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

389

Catalyzed Nano-Framework Stablized High Density Reversible Hydrogen Storage Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A wide range of high capacity on-board rechargeable material candidates have exhibited non-ideal behavior related to irreversible hydrogen discharge / recharge behavior, and kinetic instability or retardation. This project addresses these issues by incorporating solvated and other forms of complex metal hydrides, with an emphasis on borohydrides, into nano-scale frameworks of low density, high surface area skeleton materials to stabilize, catalyze, and control desorption product formation associated with such complex metal hydrides. A variety of framework chemistries and hydride / framework combinations were investigated to make a relatively broad assessment of the method'?s potential. In this project, the hydride / framework interactions were tuned to decrease desorption temperatures for highly stable compounds or increase desorption temperatures for unstable high capacity compounds, and to influence desorption product formation for improved reversibility. First principle modeling was used to explore heterogeneous catalysis of hydride reversibility by modeling H{sub 2} dissociation, hydrogen migration, and rehydrogenation. Atomic modeling also demonstrated enhanced NaTi(BH{sub 4}){sub 4} stabilization at nano-framework surfaces modified with multi-functional agents. Amine multi-functional agents were found to have more balanced interactions with nano-framework and hydride clusters than other functional groups investigated. Experimentation demonstrated that incorporation of Ca(BH{sub 4}){sub 2} and Mg(BH{sub 4}){sub 2} in aerogels enhanced hydride desorption kinetics. Carbon aerogels were identified as the most suitable nano-frameworks for hydride kinetic enhancement and high hydride loading. High loading of NaTi(BH{sub 4}){sub 4} ligand complex in SiO{sub 2} aerogel was achieved and hydride stability was improved with the aerogel. Although improvements of desorption kinetics was observed, the incorporation of Ca(BH{sub 4}){sub 2} and Mg(BH{sub 4}){sub 2} in nano-frameworks did not improve their H{sub 2} absorption due to the formation of stable alkaline earth B12H12 intermediates upon rehydrogenation. This project primarily investigated the effect of nano-framework surface chemistry on hydride properties, while the effect of pore size is the focus area of other efforts (e.g., HRL, Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) etc.) within the Metal Hydride Center of Excellence (MHCoE). The projects were complementary in gaining an overall understanding of the influence of nano-frameworks on hydride behavior.

Xia Tang , Susanne M. Opalka , Daniel A. Mosher, Bruce L. Laube, Ronald J. Brown, Thomas H. Vanderspurt, Sarah Arsenault, Robert Wu, Jamie Strickler, Ewa. Ronnebro, Tim. Boyle and Joseph Cordaro

2010-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

390

Low-Cost Precursors to Novel Hydrogen Storage Materials  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

From 2005 to 2010, The Dow Chemical Company (formerly Rohm and Haas Company) was a member of the Department of Energy Center of Excellence on Chemical Hydrogen Storage, which conducted research to identify and develop chemical hydrogen storage materials having the potential to achieve DOE performance targets established for on-board vehicular application. In collaboration with Center co-leads Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), and other Center partners, Dow's efforts were directed towards defining and evaluating novel chemistries for producing chemical hydrides and processes for spent fuel regeneration. In Phase 1 of this project, emphasis was placed on sodium borohydride (NaBH{sub 4}), long considered a strong candidate for hydrogen storage because of its high hydrogen storage capacity, well characterized hydrogen release chemistry, safety, and functionality. Various chemical pathways for regenerating NaBH{sub 4} from spent sodium borate solution were investigated, with the objective of meeting the 2010/2015 DOE targets of $2-3/gal gasoline equivalent at the pump ($2-3/kg H{sub 2}) for on-board hydrogen storage systems and an overall 60% energy efficiency. With the September 2007 No-Go decision for NaBH{sub 4} as an on-board hydrogen storage medium, focus was shifted to ammonia borane (AB) for on-board hydrogen storage and delivery. However, NaBH{sub 4} is a key building block to most boron-based fuels, and the ability to produce NaBH{sub 4} in an energy-efficient, cost-effective, and environmentally sound manner is critical to the viability of AB, as well as many leading materials under consideration by the Metal Hydride Center of Excellence. Therefore, in Phase 2, research continued towards identifying and developing a single low-cost NaBH4 synthetic route for cost-efficient AB first fill, and conducting baseline cost estimates for first fill and regenerated AB using a variety of synthetic routes. This project utilized an engineering-guided R&D approach, which involved the rapid down-selection of a large number of options (chemical pathways to NaBH{sub 4}) to a smaller, more manageable number. The research began by conducting an extensive review of the technical and patent literature to identify all possible options. The down-selection was based on evaluation of the options against a set of metrics, and to a large extent occurred before experimentation was initiated. Given the vast amount of literature and patents that has evolved over the years, this approach helped to focus efforts and resources on the options with the highest technical and commercial probability of success. Additionally, a detailed engineering analysis methodology was developed for conducting the cost and energy-efficiency calculations. The methodology utilized a number of inputs and tools (Aspen PEA{trademark}, FCHTool, and H2A). The down-selection of chemical pathways to NaBH{sub 4} identified three options that were subsequently pursued experimentally. Metal reduction of borate was investigated in Dow's laboratories, research on electrochemical routes to NaBH{sub 4} was conducted at Pennsylvania State University, and Idaho National Laboratory researchers examined various carbothermal routes for producing NaBH{sub 4} from borate. The electrochemical and carbothermal studies did not yield sufficiently positive results. However, NaBH{sub 4} was produced in high yields and purities by an aluminum-based metal reduction pathway. Solid-solid reactive milling, slurry milling, and solution-phase approaches to metal reduction were investigated, and while both reactive milling and solution-phase routes point to fully recyclable processes, the scale-up of reactive milling processes to produce NaBH{sub 4} is expected to be difficult. Alternatively, a low-cost solution-phase approach to NaBH{sub 4} has been identified that is based on conventional process unit operations and should be amenable to scale-up. Numerous advances in AB synthesis have been made in recent years to improve AB yields and purities

Suzanne W. Linehan; Arthur A. Chin; Nathan T. Allen; Robert Butterick; Nathan T. Kendall; I. Leo Klawiter; Francis J. Lipiecki; Dean M. Millar; David C. Molzahn; Samuel J. November; Puja Jain; Sara Nadeau; Scott Mancroni

2010-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

391

Regional  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 3 AÇORIANO ORIENTAL SEGUNDA-FEIRA, 5 DE MARÇO DE 2012 PUB Da Graciosa para a Índia graças à estação atmosférica Carlos está atualmente a trabalhar na estação atmosférica móvel instalada na Índia, a dois mil metros de altitude Estar no lugar certo na hora cer- ta pode mudar radicalmente a vida de uma pessoa. Foi isso que aconteceu ao graciosense Carlos Sousa, de 41 anos, que começou por ser trabalhador daconstrução civil antes de emigrar para os Es- tados Unidos da América. No regresso à sua ilha, foi ain- Começou na construção e foi emigrante nos EUA. Hoje trabalha com equipamento de ponta no estudo do clima RUI JORGE CABRAL rcabral@acorianooriental.pt da gerente de um restaurante e, graças aum encontro improvável, é hoje técnico das Estações de Me- dição da Radiação Atmosférica que os americanos têm espalha- das pelo mundo para estudar as alterações

392

EDITAL DE PUBLICAO RESULTADO BOLSA PERMANNCIA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

11104004 31/05/2012 Eric Ferraz de Souza Arquivologia 12104037 01/06/2012 ?rica Vanessa Pereira Flores Eng.Mecanica 11103659 31/05/2012 Felipe Henrique Morais Almeida Eng.Prod.Mecanica 12100870 01/06/2012 Fernanda Machado

Floeter, Sergio Ricardo

393

Appliance Standards Transplantation: Applicability of a U.S.-Based Energy Efficiency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Appliance Standards Transplantation: Applicability of a U.S.-Based Energy Efficiency Standards............................................................7 2.4 The U.S. experience with Energy Performance Labels..................7 3. The Development. As part of MINAE's demand side energy plan, Costa Rica is currently in the process of adopting a U.S

Kammen, Daniel M.

394

Richard Paul Vlosky Juan Antonio Aguirre  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by sawmill operators due to a lack of consumer preferences and demand. (Guillen 1994). The same study found In the case of Mexico, Guillen (1994) found that consumer preferences are high for cedro and caoba, which.Turrialba.Costa Rica. Guillen Abraham,1994.Caracteristicas del Consumo y Comercializacion de la Madera en

395

Atmospheric H2 energetic fertilization to soil microorganisms in a forest ecosystem Laura K. Meredith1,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

information Petersham, MA, USA 42°N 72°W 186 m temperate Pinus strobus ring structure Liberia, Costa Rica 10°N, Petersham, MA, permitted us to take samples and to access their climatological and phenological datasets

Entekhabi, Dara

396

CRC handbook of agricultural energy potential of developing countries. Volume I  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The contents of this book are: Introduction, Argentina, Bangladesh, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Bourkina (Upper Volta), Brazil, Burma, Burundi, Cameroon, Chad, Chile, Columbia, Costa Rica, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Ethiopia, French Guiana, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Jamaica, Appendix I. Conventional and Energetic Yields, Appendix II, Phytomass Files, and References.

Duke, J.A.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Modifications of Air Flow Due to the Formation of a Reservoir  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Local modifications of air flow caused by the construction of the Arenal Reservoir in Costa Rica were investigated. From the analysis of data recorded at a station near the downwind side of the reservoir for the years 197275 before and the years ...

Walter Fernandez; R. E. Chacn; JosW. Melgarejo

1986-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

DPI403 NORRIS FALL 2009 8/13/2009 12:31 PM DEMOCRATIC GOVERNANCE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SALVADOR HONDURAS NICARAGUA COSTA RICA PANAMÁ COLOMBIA VENEZUELA ECUADOR PER? BRASIL BOLIVIA PARAGUAY CHILE NICARAGUA VENEZUELA BRASIL BOLIVIA URUGUAY ARGENTINA JAMAICA HAITÍ REP. DOMINICANA TRINIDAD Y TOBAGO (incluyendoa Venezuela)seconcentrael25%dela biodiversidaddelplaneta. EnlosAndes estánpresentes84delas114zonasde

Milchberg, Howard

399

Crude Oil Exports by Destination - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Canada: 1,981: 3,476: 3,120: 3,965: 3,863: 3,591: 1993-2013: China: 267 : 1996-2013: Costa Rica : 2011-2011: France : 2005-2005: Germany : 2004-2004: Hong Kong : 1996 ...

400

CX-002110: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

110: Categorical Exclusion Determination 110: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-002110: Categorical Exclusion Determination Colorado State Energy Program American Recovery and Reinvestment Act - Capital Investment New Energy Economic Development - B&H Industries Photovoltaic CX(s) Applied: B5.1 Date: 04/30/2010 Location(s): Rocky Ford, Colorado Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Golden Field Office The State of Colorado will provide $210,000 to B&H Industries to install a 100 kilowatt ground-mounted photovoltaic (PV) system at a livestock feeding facility located at Rocky Ford Feedyard, 30611 County Rd. 16, Rocky Ford, CO. The solar array covers an area approximately 640x100 feet and will be ground mounted. The area where the PV array will be located has been used for cattle grazing: the area adjacent is for cattle grazing. Beyond that,

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rica bh belize" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Acronyms and Abbreviations; DOE Hydrogen Program FY 2008 Annual Progress Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

9 9 FY 2008 Annual Progress Report DOE Hydrogen Program °C Degrees Celsius °F Degrees Fahrenheit 1-D, 1D One-dimensional 1Q First quarter of the fiscal year 2-D, 2D Two-dimensional 2-FPTf 2, fluoropyridinium triflate 2DSM Dimensionally stable membrane with 2-dimensional laser-drilled hole support 2Q Second quarter of the fiscal year 3-D, 3D Three-dimensional 3DSM Dimensionally stable membrane with 3-dimensional porous support 3Q Third quarter of the fiscal year 4Q Fourth quarter of the fiscal year 8YSZ 8 mol% yttria-stabilized zirconia α-AlH 3 Alpha polymorph of aluminum hydride A Amps Å Angstrom AAO Anodic aluminum oxide AB Ammonia borane, NH 3 BH 3 ABI Automated ball indentation, Agent-based investment ABH 2 Ammonium borohydride, NH 4 BH 4 ABM Agent-based modeling ABMS Agent-based modeling and simulation

402

 

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mini-Supernovae from Outflows from Accretion Disks formed by Compact Mini-Supernovae from Outflows from Accretion Disks formed by Compact Object Mergers and Accretion-Induced Collapse Brian Metzger (UC Berkeley) Abstract: Massive, compact accretion disks are thought to form in a number of astrophysical events, including (1) the merger of a neutron star (NS) with a black hole (BH) or with another NS, and (2) following the accretion-induced collapse (AIC) of a white dwarf to a NS. These disks, termed 'hyper-accreting' due to their large accretion rates of up to several solar masses per second, may power the relativistic jets that produce gamma-ray bursts. I will present time-dependent calculations of the evolution of hyper-accreting disks as they accrete onto the central NS or BH and spread outwards in radius. I will show that a generic

403

Structural analysis of arabinoxylans isolated from ball-milled switchgrass biomass  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

analysis analysis of arabinoxylans isolated from ball-milled switchgrass biomass Koushik Mazumder, William S. York * Complex Carbohydrate Research Center, University of Georgia, 315 Riverbend Road, Athens, GA 30602, USA a r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Received 16 June 2010 Received in revised form 20 July 2010 Accepted 22 July 2010 Available online 30 July 2010 Keywords: Switchgrass Enzymatic digestion Arabinoxylan oligosaccharides Per-O-methylation Multiple-step mass spectrometry Structural analysis a b s t r a c t Ball-milled alcohol-insoluble residue (AIR) was prepared from switchgrass (Panicum virgatum var Alamo) and sequentially extracted with 50 mM ammonium oxalate buffer, 50 mM sodium carbonate, 1 M KOH containing 1% NaBH 4 , and 4 M KOH containing 1% NaBH 4 . Arabinoxylan was the most abundant component of the 1 M KOH-extracted fraction, which was treated with endoxylanase

404

Microsoft InfoPath - NEPA_21124_306.xml  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

24A 24A Title: Replace BH Circuit Breakers OCB-4009, 4010 and 4011 (GFE) Description: Subcontractor shall provide all labor, supervision, tools, equipment, and transportation required to furnish three new 138 kV SF 6 circuit breakers to replace the existing BH oil circuit breakers OCB-4009, 4010 and 4011. This procurement will be Government Furnished Equipment (GFE) for installation by others. Regulatory Requirements: NEPA Implementing Procedures (10 CFR 1021) 10 CFR 1021.410 (Application of Categorical Exclusions) (a) The actions listed in Appendices A and B of Subpart D are classes of actions that DOE has determined do not individually or cumulatively have a significant effect on the human environment (categorical exclusions). (b) To find that a proposal is categorically excluded, DOE shall determine the following:

405

CX-008864: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

64: Categorical Exclusion Determination 64: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-008864: Categorical Exclusion Determination "Lower Big Hill 36" Crude Oil Pipeline at the Needmore Diversion Channel Government Furnished Equipment CX(s) Applied: B1.3 Date: 08/06/2012 Location(s): Texas Offices(s): Strategic Petroleum Reserve Field Office Manufacturer/supplier shall provide 36" diameter pipe with fusion bonded epoxy coating, for crude oil service and store the pipe material until picked up by others. The manufacturer/supplier shall load materials onto Contractor supplied transportation.Installation of this Government Furnished Equipment (GFE) will be performed by others under BH-09-038." Microsoft Word - BH-09-038A NEPA.docx More Documents & Publications CX-008865: Categorical Exclusion Determination

406

Searches for MSSM Higgs bosons at ATLAS and CMS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Minimal Supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model (MSSM) predicts the existence of three neutral and two charged Higgs bosons. Searches for these MSSM Higgs bosons are presented, based on proton-proton collisions recorded in 2011 and 2012 by the ATLAS and CMS experiments at the LHC. The neutral Higgs bosons are searched through their decays into pairs of oppositely charged tau leptons. The exclusion limits at 95% confidence level are shown as a function of the $m_A$ and $\\tan\\beta$ parameters. The search for the charged Higgs bosons is based on their production through the decays of top quarks in the $t\\bar{t}$ process, $t \\to bH^+$. The Higgs bosons subsequently decay predominantly into a tau lepton and a neutrino. Upper limits are set on the branching fraction $B(t \\to bH^+)$, combining the final states with leptonic and hadronic tau decay modes.

Stan Lai

2013-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

407

EFFECT OF PRETREATMENT ON PT-CO/C CATHODE CATALYSTS FOR THE OXYGEN-REDUCTION REACTION  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Carbon supported Pt and Pt-Co electrocatalysts for the oxygen reduction reaction in low temperature fuel cells were prepared by the reduction of the metal salts with sodium borohydride and sodium formate. The effect of surface treatment with nitric acid on the carbon surface and Co on the surface of carbon prior to the deposition of Pt was studied. The catalysts where Pt was deposited on treated carbon the ORR reaction preceded more through the two electron pathway and favored peroxide production, while the fresh carbon catalysts proceeded more through the four electron pathway to complete the oxygen reduction reaction. NaCOOH reduced Pt/C catalysts showed higher activity that NaBH{sub 4} reduced Pt/C catalysts. It was determined that the Co addition has a higher impact on catalyst activity and active surface area when used with NaBH{sub 4} as reducing agent as compared to NaCOOH.

Fox, E.; Colon-Mercado, H.

2010-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

408

Entanglement entropy of two-dimensional Anti-de Sitter black holes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using the AdS/CFT correspondence we derive a formula for the entanglement entropy of the anti-de Sitter black hole in two spacetime dimensions. The leading term in the large black hole mass expansion of our formula reproduces exactly the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy S_{BH}, whereas the subleading term behaves as ln S_{BH}. This subleading term has the universal form typical for the entanglement entropy of physical systems described by effective conformal fields theories (e.g. one-dimensional statistical models at the critical point). The well-known form of the entanglement entropy for a two-dimensional conformal field theory is obtained as analytic continuation of our result and is related with the entanglement entropy of a black hole with negative mass.

Mariano Cadoni

2007-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

409

THE MASSIVE-BLACK-HOLE-VELOCITY-DISPERSION RELATION AND THE HALO BARYON FRACTION: A CASE FOR POSITIVE ACTIVE GALACTIC NUCLEUS FEEDBACK  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Force balance considerations put a limit on the rate of active galactic nucleus radiation momentum output, L/c, capable of driving galactic superwinds and reproducing the observed M{sub BH}-{sigma} relation between black hole mass and spheroid velocity dispersion. We show that black holes cannot supply enough momentum in radiation to drive the gas out by pressure alone. Energy-driven winds give a M{sub BH}-{sigma} scaling favored by a recent analysis but also fall short energetically once cooling is incorporated. We propose that outflow triggering of star formation by enhancing the intercloud medium turbulent pressure and squeezing clouds can supply the necessary boost and suggest possible tests of this hypothesis. Our hypothesis simultaneously can account for the observed halo baryon fraction.

Silk, Joseph [Beecroft Institute of Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology, Department of Physics, University of Oxford, Denys Wilkinson Building, 1 Keble Road, Oxford OX1 3RH (United Kingdom); Nusser, Adi, E-mail: silk@astro.ox.ac.u, E-mail: adi@physics.technion.ac.i [Physics Department and the Asher Space Science Institute, Technion, Haifa 32000 (Israel)

2010-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

410

NEUTRINO-COOLED ACCRETION MODEL WITH MAGNETIC COUPLING FOR X-RAY FLARES IN GAMMA-RAY BURSTS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The neutrino-cooled accretion disk, which was proposed to work as the central engine of gamma-ray bursts, encounters difficulty in interpreting the X-ray flares after the prompt gamma-ray emission. In this paper, the magnetic coupling (MC) between the inner disk and the central black hole (BH) is taken into consideration. For mass accretion rates around 0.001 {approx} 0.1 M{sub Sun} s{sup -1}, our results show that the luminosity of neutrino annihilation can be significantly enhanced due to the coupling effects. As a consequence, after the gamma-ray emission, a remnant disk with mass M{sub disk} {approx}ray flares with the rest frame duration less than 100 s. In addition, a comparison between the MC process and the Blandford-Znajek mechanism is shown on the extraction of BH rotational energy.

Luo Yang; Gu Weimin; Liu Tong; Lu Jufu, E-mail: guwm@xmu.edu.cn [Department of Astronomy and Institute of Theoretical Physics and Astrophysics, Xiamen University, Xiamen, Fujian 361005 (China)

2013-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

411

Photo-fragmentation of the closo-carboranes Part 1: Energetics of Decomposition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ionic fragmentation following B 1s and C 1s excitation of three isomeric carborane cage compounds [closo-dicarbadodecaboranes: orthocarborane (1,2-C2B10H12), metacarborane (1,7-C2B10H12), and paracarborane (1,12-C2B10H12)], is compared with the energetics of decomposition. The fragmentation yields for all three molecules are quite similar. Thermodynamic cycles are constructed for neutral and ionic species in an attempt to systemically characterize single ion closo-carborane creation and fragmentation processes. Lower energy decomposition processes are favored. Among the ionic species, the photon induced decomposition isdominated by BH+ and BH2+ fragment loss. Changes in ion yield associated with core to bound excitations are observed.

Kilcoyne, Arthur L; Feng, Danqin; Liu, Jing; Hitchcock, Adam P.; Kilcoyne, A.L. David; Tyliszczak, Tolek; Riehs, Norman F.; Rhl, Eckart; Bozek, John D.; McIlroy, David; Dowben, Peter A.

2007-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

412

 

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

The aim of this work is to quantitatively examine the reactivity of common hydrogen storage materials to environmental exposures of air, water, and The aim of this work is to quantitatively examine the reactivity of common hydrogen storage materials to environmental exposures of air, water, and mechanical disturbances. The materials to be examined include (but are not limited to) AlH3, LiBH4/MgH2, NH3BH3, activated carbon materials, and aluminum nanopowder. The bulk of the testing will follow procedures outlined in the United Nations "Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods." There are a series of eight tests to be performed which are classified into the categories of I. Air Exposure, II. Water Exposure and III. Mechanical Stimulus. Materials will be tested in a fully hydrogen charged state, partially charged and completely discharged (hydrogen free) state in a

413

Analysis of Seepage from Polygon Channels Bhagu R. Chahar1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-Digest of State Water Laws-National Water CornmLs s Lo n , R.L. Dewsnup, D.W. Jensen, R. W. Swenson, May 1973 Water Intelligence Systems, N.S. Grigg, J.W. Labadie, G.L. Smith, D.W. Hill, B.H. Bradford, Colorado of Stream Ecologists, D.W. Cummins, Michigan State University, February 1973. 72. Water Reuse

Chahar, B. R.

414

On Entropy Transmission for Quantum Channels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper a notion of entropy transmission of quantum channels is introduced as a natural extension of Ohya's entropy. Here by quantum channel is meant unital completely positive mappings (ucp) of $B(H)$ into itself, where $H$ is an infinite dimensional Hilbert space. Using a representation theorem of ucp mapping we associate to every ucp map a uniquely determined state, and prove that entropy of ucp map is less then Ohya's entropy of the associated state.

Nasir Ganikhodjaev; Farrukh Mukhamedov

2007-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

415

Comparison of Optimised MDI versus Pumps with or without Sensors in Severe Hypoglycaemia (the Hypo COMPaSS trial)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to differential effects according to therapeutic intervention. We have previously conducted a 6-month randomised prospective pilot study in individuals with T1DM compli- cated by SH, comparing rigorous BH avoidance with opti- mised analogue MDI; CSII; or education... assured limit of detection for the assay and laboratory (plasma glucose assay. #1; impaired awareness of hypoglycaemia, as confirmed by a Gold score ?4 [11]. Exclusion...

Little, Stuart; Chadwick, Thomas; Choudhary, Pratik; Brennand, Cath; Stickland, Julia; Barendse, Shalleen; Olateju, Tolulope; Leelarathna, Lalantha; Walkinshaw, Emma; Tan, Horng K; Marshall, Sally M; Thomas, Reena M; Heller, Simon; Evans, Mark; Kerr, David; Flanagan, Daniel; Speight, Jane; Shaw, James AM

2012-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

416

Recipes for ULX formation: necessary ingredients and garnishments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I summarize the main observational features that seem to recur more frequently in the ULX population. I speculate that two of the most important physical requirements for ULX formation are low metal abundance, and clustered star formation triggered by external processes such as molecular cloud collisions. In this scenario, most ULX are formed from recent stellar processes, have BH masses < 100 Msun and do not require merger processes in super star clusters.

Roberto Soria

2006-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

417

Recipes for ULX formation: necessary ingredients and garnishments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I summarize the main observational features that seem to recur more frequently in the ULX population. I speculate that two of the most important physical requirements for ULX formation are low metal abundance, and clustered star formation triggered by external processes such as molecular cloud collisions. In this scenario, most ULX are formed from recent stellar processes, have BH masses < 100 Msun and do not require merger processes in super star clusters.

Soria, R

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Understanding the Nuclear Gas Dispersion in Early-Type Galaxies in the Context of Black Hole Demographics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(abridged) We analyze and model HST /STIS observations of a sample of 27 galaxies; 16 Fanaroff & Riley Type I radio galaxies and 11 (more) normal early-type galaxies. We focus here on what can be learned from the nuclear velocity dispersion (line width) of the gas as a complement to the many studies dealing with gas rotation velocities. We find that the dispersion in a STIS aperture of ~0.1''-0.2'' generally exceeds the large-scale stellar velocity dispersion of the galaxy. This is qualitatively consistent with the presence of central BHs, but raises the question whether the excess gas dispersion is of gravitational or non-gravitational origin and whether the implied BH masses are consistent with our current understanding of BH demography(as predicted by the M-sigma relation between BH mass and stellar velocity dispersion). To address this we construct dynamical models for the gas, both thin disk models and models with more general axis ratios and velocity anisotropies. For the normal galaxies the nuclear gas dispersions are adequately reproduced assuming disks around BHs with masses that follow the M-sigma relation. In contrast, the gas dispersions observed for the radio galaxies generally exceed those predicted by any of the models. We attribute this to the presence of non-gravitational motions in the gas that are similar to or larger than the gravitational motions. The non- gravitational motions are presumably driven by the active galactic nucleus (AGN), but we do not find a relation between the radiative output of the AGN and the non-gravitational dispersion. It is not possible to uniquely determine the BH mass for each galaxy from its nuclear gas dispersion. However, for the sample as a whole the observed dispersions do not provide evidence for significant deviations from the M-sigma relation.

Gijs Verdoes Kleijn; Roeland van der Marel; Jacob Noel-Storr

2006-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

419

COMPACT BINARY PROGENITORS OF SHORT GAMMA-RAY BURSTS  

SciTech Connect

In recent years, detailed observations and accurate numerical simulations have provided support to the idea that mergers of compact binaries containing either two neutron stars (NSs) or an NS and a black hole (BH) may constitute the central engine of short gamma-ray bursts (SGRBs). The merger of such compact binaries is expected to lead to the production of a spinning BH surrounded by an accreting torus. Several mechanisms can extract energy from this system and power the SGRBs. Here we connect observations and numerical simulations of compact binary mergers, and use the current sample of SGRBs with measured energies to constrain the mass of their powering tori. By comparing the masses of the tori with the results of fully general-relativistic simulations, we are able to infer the properties of the binary progenitors that yield SGRBs. By assuming a constant efficiency in converting torus mass into jet energy, {epsilon}{sub jet} = 10%, we find that most of the tori have masses smaller than 0.01 M{sub Sun }, favoring 'high-mass' binary NSs mergers, i.e., binaries with total masses {approx}> 1.5 the maximum mass of an isolated NS. This has important consequences for the gravitational wave signals that may be detected in association with SGRBs, since 'high-mass' systems do not form a long-lived hypermassive NS after the merger. While NS-BH systems cannot be excluded to be the engine of at least some of the SGRBs, the BH would need to have an initial spin of {approx}0.9 or higher.

Giacomazzo, Bruno [JILA, University of Colorado and National Institute of Standards and Technology, Boulder, CO 80309 (United States); Perna, Rosalba [JILA and Department of Astrophysical and Planetary Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309 (United States); Rezzolla, Luciano [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Gravitationsphysik, Albert-Einstein-Institut, Potsdam D-14476 (Germany); Troja, Eleonora [NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Lazzati, Davide [Department of Physics, NC State University, 2401 Stinson Drive, Raleigh, NC 27695-8202 (United States)

2013-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

420

MODIFIED BOROHYDRIDES FOR REVERSIBLE HYDROGEN STORAGE  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper reports the results in the effort to destabilize lithium borohydride for reversible hydrogen storage. A number of metals, metal hydrides, metal chlorides and complex hydrides were selected and evaluated as the destabilization agents for reducing dehydriding temperature and generating dehydriding-rehydriding reversibility. It is found that some additives are effective. The Raman spectroscopic analysis shows the change of B-H binding nature.

Au, Ming

2006-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

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421

High-Temperature Characterization of SiCN Ceramics for Wireless...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Si12B1 Si6B1 Si4B1 Si2B1 CHCH 2 Si-H N-H Toluene-H Toluene-CH 3 S-CH 3 B-H BDS 1 H NMR 6.2 6.0 5.8 5.6 CHCH 2 Chemical Shift (ppm) HT1800 Si16B1 Si12B1 x 0.1 1....

422

Newsfront 11-17 June 2007, Issue 20  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Kathmandu l 11-17 June, 2007 l # 20 l Price Rs. 25 Bh asw or Ojh a Are you tired/sick, physically and mentally? Why dont you try our Center? We strengthen your body and mind with dynamic human touch using oriental mythology Our Services... : Shiatsu ,Anma (Traditional Acupressure therapy of Japan), Reflexology Acu- puncture. Complimentary Healing Clinic(CHC) Maharajgunj, near to the Australian embassy Ph: 2160861, 9841419350, 9803205575 Shiatsu-AnmaInside Carter suggests pragmatic solutions...

Ghimire, Yubaraj

423

Characterization and Segmental Distribution of 251-Bolton-Hunterlabeled Substance P Binding Sites in Rat Spinal Cord  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Substance P (SP) is widely distributed in the spinal cord and has been implicated as a neurotransmitter in several spinal cord neuronal systems. To investigate SP receptors in the spinal cord, 1251-Bolton-Hunter-SP (*I-BH-SP) was used to identify and characterize spinal cord binding sites for the peptide. The binding of *%BH-SP had the following characteristics: high affinity; time, temperature, and membrane concentration dependent; reversible; and saturable. The KS0 of SP in whole spinal cord was 0.46 nM as compared with 0.95, 60, and 150 nM for physalaemin, eledoisin, and kassinin. Four putative antagonists of SP were e 0.0001 times as potent as SP in inhibiting *%BH-SP binding. lCsos were 5, 7.5, 7.0, and 45 PM for D-Pro*, D-Trp73s-SP; D-Pro*, D-Phe, D-Trp-SP; D-Arg, D-Pro*, D-Tqfss, Leu-SP; and D-Pro4, D-Trp7Vs30-SP(4-1 I), respectively.

Clivel G. Charlton; Cinda; J. Helke

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Quantized Gravitational Radiation from Black Holes and other Macro Holeums in the Low Frequency Domain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A gravitational bound state, called a Macro Holeum, is created from a very large number of microscopic black holes of primordial or a non-primordial origin. All of them undergo orbital motion, under the action of gravity, around their common center of mass. Four classes of Macro Holeum emerge: H, BH, HH and LH. The latter is a massless bundle of gravitational energy moving at the speed of light. The others are Dark Matter objects. BH emits Hawking radiation but the others do not. The presently existing black holes are identified with BH. All, except LH, emit gravitational radiation due to internal quantum transitions. Simple analytic formulae are derived for the energy eigenvalues, mass, radius, density and the frequency of the gravitational radiation emitted by Macro Holeums in terms of just two parameters which can be determined from the gravitational spectra. We predict that black holes have internal structure and that they and other Macro Holeums, having masses in the range 57 solar masses to 870 solar masses, would emit hydrogen-like gravitational radiation in the LIGO frequency range in the form of band or line spectra with a considerable overlapping of the bands. This will be superposed on a uniform background radiation coming from Macro Holeums at large distances greater than 100 Mpc. 04.60.-m, 04.60.Bc, 04.30.-w, 04.30.Tv, 95.35.+d, 95.36.+x

A. L. Chavda; L. K. Chavda

2009-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

425

Thermodynamic and Structural Investigations of Ammonium Borohydride, a Solid with a Highest Content of Thermodynamically and Kinetically Accessible Hydrogen  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The US DOE issued a Grand Challenge for Basic Research Needs for the Hydrogen Economy calling in part for significant new breakthroughs in novel materials and approaches to store hydrogen on-board fuel cell powered vehicles. The Challenge specified several technical criteria for hydrogen storage materials that are necessary to provide sufficient energy density to drive a Fuel Cell powered vehicle >300 miles between refueling. The formation of AB catalyzing the decomposition of NH4BH4 to DADB and hydrogen provides insight into why NH4BH4 appears to be less stable than predicted by electronic structure theory. Further work is planned to investigate the structure of NH4BH4 by neutron diffraction to see if it is possible to induce a phase change at lower temperatures to the zincblende structure predicted to be the most stable structure at 0 K. This work was supported by the Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Chemical Sciences Division of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). A portion of the research described in this paper was performed in the W.R. Wiley Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory, a national scientific user facility sponsored by the Department of Energys Office of Biological and Environmental Research and located at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory is operated for the DOE by Battelle.

Karkamkar, Abhijeet J.; Kathmann, Shawn M.; Schenter, Gregory K.; Heldebrant, David J.; Hess, Nancy J.; Gutowski, Maciej S.; Autrey, Thomas

2009-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

426

Nuclear Data Sheets for A = 71  

SciTech Connect

The evaluated spectroscopic data are presented for experimentally known nuclides of mass 71 (Mn,Fe,Co,Ni,Cu,Zn,Ga,Ge,As,Se,Br,Kr). Excited-state data are nonexistent for {sup 71}Mn, {sup 71}Fe, {sup 71}Co and {sup 71}Kr. Significant new data have been added since the last evaluation of A=71 nuclides by M. Bhat (1993Bh02). Excited states are now known in {sup 71}Ni and {sup 71}Cu, and enhanced information about high-spin excitations is available for {sup 71}Ga, {sup 71}As and {sup 71}Br. The decay schemes of radioactive isotopes {sup 71}Mn and {sup 71}Fe are not known at all, and those for {sup 71}Co, {sup 71m}Ni and {sup 71}Kr are not known well. For the decay of {sup 71}Cu, {sup 71g}Ni, and {sup 71}Br, extensive data are available, but in the opinion of the evaluators the decay schemes still seem incomplete. This work supersedes earlier full evaluations of A=71 published by 1988Bh01, 1979Ke06 and 1973Al33, and the last one published in 'update' mode by 1993Bh02.

Abusaleem, Khalifeh [Physics Department, University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan 11942 (Jordan); Singh, Balraj [Department of Physics and Astronomy, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4M1 (Canada)

2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

427

HIGGS BOSON PRODUCTION IN ASSOCIATION WITH BOTTOM QUARKS.  

SciTech Connect

In the Standard Model, the coupling of the Higgs boson to b quarks is weak, leading to small cross sections for producing a Higgs boson in association with b quarks. However, Higgs bosons with enhanced couplings to b quarks, such as occur in supersymmetric models for large values of tan {beta}, will be copiously produced at both the Tevatron and the LHC in association with b quarks which will be an important discovery channel. We investigate the connections between the production channels, bg {yields} bh and gg {yields} b{bar b}h, at next-to-leading order (NLO) in perturbative QCD and present results for the case with two high-p{sub T} b jets and with one high-p{sub T} b jet at both the Tevatron and the LHC. Finally, the total cross sections without cuts are compared between gg {yields} b{bar b}h at NLO and b{bar b} {yields} h at NNLO.

DAWSON, S.; CAMPBELL, J.; DITTMAIER, S.; JACKSON, C.; KRAMER, M.; MALTONI, F.; ET AL.

2003-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

428

The Progenitors of Short Gamma-Ray Bursts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent months have witnessed dramatic progress in our understanding of SGRBs. There is now general agreement that SGRBs can produce directed outflows of relativistic matter with a kinetic luminosity exceeding by many millions that of AGN. The requirements of energy and compactness indicate that SGRB activity can be ascribed to a modest fraction of a solar mass of gas accreting onto a stellar mass BH or to a precursor stage leading inevitably to such an object. Scenarios involving the birth of a rapidly rotating NS, or an accreting BH in a merging binary driven by gravitational waves are reviewed, along with possible alternatives (collisions or collapse of compact objects). If a BH lies at the center of this activity, the fundamental pathways through which mass, angular momentum and energy can flow around and away from it play a key role in understanding how these prime movers can form collimated relativistic outflows. Hypercritical flows near BHs, where photons cannot supply the cooling, but neutrinos do so e...

Lee, W H; Lee, William H.; Ramirez-Ruiz, Enrico

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Crystal structure of ({mu}{sub 5}-decahydro-closo-decaborato) ({mu}{sub 2}-O-dimethylformamide)disilver(I) [Ag{sub 2}(B{sub 10}H{sub 10})(DMF)  

SciTech Connect

The compound [Ag{sub 2}(B{sub 10}H{sub 10})(DMF)] is synthesized, and its crystal structure is studied (R = 0.0699 for 2836 observed reflections). The coordination number of each of the four independent Ag atoms is 4 + 2. The nearest environment of the Ag(1) and Ag(4) atoms consists of two O atoms of the DMF molecules and two BH groups, and that of the Ag(2) and Ag(3) atoms consists of four BH groups. All the Ag atoms additionally form weak bonds with two BH groups. The Ag-O and Ag-B bonds lie in the ranges 2.319-2.465(9) and 2.46-2.70(1) A, respectively, and the Ag-B distances are 2.89-3.25(1) A. Due to the binding of each polyhedral anion to five Ag atoms, layers are formed. Bridging DMF molecules link layers into the three-dimensional framework.

Polyakova, I. N., E-mail: polyakova@igic.ras.ru; Malinina, E. A.; Drozdova, V. V.; Kuznetsov, N. T. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Kurnakov Institute of General and Inorganic Chemistry (Russian Federation)

2008-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

430

Crystal structure of ({mu}{sub 5}-decahydro-closo-decaborato) ({mu}{sub 2}-O-dimethylformamide)disilver(I) [Ag{sub 2}(B{sub 10}H{sub 10})(DMF)  

SciTech Connect

The compound [Ag{sub 2}(B{sub 10}H{sub 10})(DMF)] is synthesized, and its crystal structure is studied (R = 0.0699 for 2836 observed reflections). The coordination number of each of the four independent Ag atoms is 4 + 2. The nearest environment of the Ag(1) and Ag(4) atoms consists of two O atoms of the DMF molecules and two BH groups, and that of the Ag(2) and Ag(3) atoms consists of four BH groups. All the Ag atoms additionally form weak bonds with two BH groups. The Ag-O and Ag-B bonds lie in the ranges 2.319-2.465(9) and 2.46-2.70(1) Angstrom-Sign , respectively, and the Ag Midline-Horizontal-Ellipsis B distances are 2.89-3.25(1) Angstrom-Sign . Due to the binding of each polyhedral anion to five Ag atoms, layers are formed. Bridging DMF molecules link layers into the three-dimensional framework.

Polyakova, I. N., E-mail: polyakova@igic.ras.ru; Malinina, E. A.; Drozdova, V. V.; Kuznetsov, N. T. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Kurnakov Institute of General and Inorganic Chemistry (Russian Federation)

2008-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

431

A BAYESIAN MONTE CARLO ANALYSIS OF THE M-{sigma} RELATION  

SciTech Connect

We present an analysis of selection biases in the M{sub bh}-{sigma} relation using Monte Carlo simulations including the sphere of influence resolution selection bias and a selection bias in the velocity dispersion distribution. We find that the sphere of influence selection bias has a significant effect on the measured slope of the M{sub bh}-{sigma} relation, modeled as {beta}{sub intrinsic} = -4.69 + 2.22{beta}{sub measured}, where the measured slope is shallower than the model slope in the parameter range of {beta} > 4, with larger corrections for steeper model slopes. Therefore, when the sphere of influence is used as a criterion to exclude unreliable measurements, it also introduces a selection bias that needs to be modeled to restore the intrinsic slope of the relation. We find that the selection effect due to the velocity dispersion distribution of the sample, which might not follow the overall distribution of the population, is not important for slopes of {beta} {approx} 4-6 of a logarithmically linear M{sub bh}-{sigma} relation, which could impact some studies that measure low (e.g., {beta} < 4) slopes. Combining the selection biases in velocity dispersions and the sphere of influence cut, we find that the uncertainty of the slope is larger than the value without modeling these effects and estimate an intrinsic slope of {beta} = 5.28{sup +0.84}{sub -0.55}.

Morabito, Leah K.; Dai Xinyu, E-mail: morabito@nhn.ou.edu, E-mail: dai@nhn.ou.edu [Homer L. Dodge Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK 73019 (United States)

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

STELLAR VELOCITY DISPERSION MEASUREMENTS IN HIGH-LUMINOSITY QUASAR HOSTS AND IMPLICATIONS FOR THE AGN BLACK HOLE MASS SCALE  

SciTech Connect

We present new stellar velocity dispersion measurements for four luminous quasars with the Near-Infrared Integral Field Spectrometer instrument and the ALTAIR laser guide star adaptive optics system on the Gemini North 8 m telescope. Stellar velocity dispersion measurements and measurements of the supermassive black hole (BH) masses in luminous quasars are necessary to investigate the coevolution of BHs and galaxies, trace the details of accretion, and probe the nature of feedback. We find that higher-luminosity quasars with higher-mass BHs are not offset with respect to the M{sub BH}-{sigma}{sub *} relation exhibited by lower-luminosity active galactic nuclei (AGNs) with lower-mass BHs, nor do we see correlations with galaxy morphology. As part of this analysis, we have recalculated the virial products for the entire sample of reverberation-mapped AGNs and used these data to redetermine the mean virial factor (f) that places the reverberation data on the quiescent M{sub BH}-{sigma}{sub *} relation. With our updated measurements and new additions to the AGN sample, we obtain (f) = 4.31 {+-} 1.05, which is slightly lower than, but consistent with, most previous determinations.

Grier, C. J.; Martini, P.; Peterson, B. M.; Pogge, R. W.; Zu, Y. [Department of Astronomy, Ohio State University, 140 W 18th Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210 (United States); Watson, L. C. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Bentz, M. C. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Georgia State University, Atlanta, GA 30303 (United States); Dasyra, K. M. [Observatoire de Paris, LERMA (CNRS:UMR8112), 61 Avenue de l'Observatoire, F-75014, Paris (France); Dietrich, M. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Ohio University, Athens, OH 45601 (United States); Ferrarese, L. [Herzberg Institute of Astrophysics, National Research Council of Canada, 5071 West Saanich Road, Victoria BV V9E 2E7 (Canada)

2013-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

433

Prediction of Novel Hydrogen Storage Reactions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Kazutoshi Kazutoshi Miwa Computational Physics Lab. Toyota Central R&D Labs., Inc. Theory Focus Session on Hydrogen Storage Materials, 18 MAY 2006 Prediction of Novel Hydrogen Storage Reactions 0 40 80 120 160 200 0 5 10 15 20 mass%H kgH 2 NaBH 4 Li H MgH 2 MgCaH 3.7 Mg 2 FeH 6 (Ti,Cr,V)H 1.9 Mg 2 NiH 4 Zr(CrFe) 2 H 3.4 TiFeH 1.7 (Ti,Cr,V)H 1.1 LaNi 5 H 6 /m 3 Hydrogen storage alloys Complex hydrides LiBH 4 NaAlH 4 Mg(NH 2 ) 2 +4LiH 2003- NEDO project of "Development for Safe Utilization and Infrastructure of Hydrogen" LiNH 2 LiAlH 4 Hydrogen Storage Materials Target: 5.5 mass %, < 150℃ (2010), 9 mass % < 150 ℃ (2020) Lithium Borohydride, LiBH 4 Advantages ☆ light weight ☆ high capacity of hydrogen storage (14 mass %) Disadvantages ★ thermodynamically too stability (> 600 K) ★ poor reaction kinetics

434

RESOLVING THE DYNAMICAL MASS OF A z {approx} 1.3 QUASI-STELLAR OBJECT HOST GALAXY USING SINFONI AND LASER GUIDE STAR ASSISTED ADAPTIVE OPTICS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent studies of the tight scaling relations between the masses of supermassive black holes (BHs) and their host galaxies have suggested that in the past BHs constituted a larger fraction of their host galaxies' mass. However, these arguments are limited by selection effects and difficulties in determining robust host galaxy masses at high redshifts. Here we report the first results of a new, complementary diagnostic route: we directly determine a dynamical host galaxy mass for the z = 1.3 luminous quasar J090543.56+043347.3 through high spatial resolution (0.''47, 4 kpc FWHM) observations of the host galaxy gas kinematics over 30 x 40 kpc using the European Southern Observatory/Very Large Telescope/SINFONI with laser guide star adaptive optics. Combining our result of M{sub dyn} = 2.05{sup +1.68}{sub -0.74} x 10{sup 11} M{sub sun} (within a radius 5.25 {+-} 1.05 kpc) with M{sub BH,MgII} = 9.02 {+-} 1.43 x 10{sup 8} M{sub sun}, M{sub BH,H{alpha}} = 2.83{sup +1.93}{sub -1.13} x 10{sup 8} M{sub sun}, we find that the ratio of BH mass to host galaxy dynamical mass for J090543.56+043347.3 matches the present-day relation for M{sub BH} versus M{sub Bulge,Dyn}, well within the IR scatter, and deviating at most by a factor of two from the mean. J090543.56+043347.3 displays clear signs of an ongoing tidal interaction and of spatially extended star formation at a rate of 50-100 M{sub sun} yr{sup -1}, above the cosmic average for a galaxy of this mass and redshift. We argue that its subsequent evolution may move J090543.56+043347.3 even closer to the z = 0 relation for M{sub BH} versus M{sub Bulge,Dyn}. Our results support the picture in which any substantive evolution in these relations must occur prior to z {approx} 1.3. Having demonstrated the power of this modeling approach, we are currently analyzing similar data on seven further objects to better constrain such evolution.

Inskip, K. J.; Jahnke, K.; Rix, H.-W.; Van de Ven, G., E-mail: inskip@mpia.de [Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Koenigstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg (Germany)

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

SPECTRAL INDEX AS A FUNCTION OF MASS ACCRETION RATE IN BLACK HOLE SOURCES: MONTE CARLO SIMULATIONS AND AN ANALYTICAL DESCRIPTION  

SciTech Connect

We present herein a theoretical study of correlations between spectral indexes of X-ray emergent spectra and mass accretion rate ( m-dot ) in black hole (BH) sources, which provide a definitive signature for BHs. It has been firmly established, using the Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer (RXTE) in numerous BH observations during hard-soft state spectral evolution, that the photon index of X-ray spectra increases when m-dot increases and, moreover, the index saturates at high values of m-dot . In this paper, we present theoretical arguments that the observationally established index saturation effect versus mass accretion rate is a signature of the bulk (converging) flow onto the BH. Also, we demonstrate that the index saturation value depends on the plasma temperature of converging flow. We self-consistently calculate the Compton cloud (CC) plasma temperature as a function of mass accretion rate using the energy balance between energy dissipation and Compton cooling. We explain the observable phenomenon, index- m-dot correlations using a Monte Carlo simulation of radiative processes in the innermost part (CC) of a BH source and we account for the Comptonization processes in the presence of thermal and bulk motions, as basic types of plasma motion. We show that, when m-dot increases, BH sources evolve to high and very soft states (HSS and VSS, respectively), in which the strong blackbody(BB)-like and steep power-law components are formed in the resulting X-ray spectrum. The simultaneous detections of these two components strongly depends on sensitivity of high-energy instruments, given that the relative contribution of the hard power-law tail in the resulting VSS spectrum can be very low, which is why, to date RXTE observations of the VSS X-ray spectrum have been characterized by the presence of the strong BB-like component only. We also predict specific patterns for high-energy e-fold (cutoff) energy (E{sub fold}) evolution with m-dot for thermal and dynamical (bulk) Comptonization cases. For the former case, E{sub fold} monotonically decreases with m-dot , in the latter case, the E{sub fold} decrease is followed by its increase at high values of m-dot . The observational evolution of E{sub fold} versus m-dot can be another test for the presence of a converging flow effect in the formation of the resulting spectra in the close vicinity of BHs.

Laurent, Philippe [CEA/DSM/IRFU/APC, CEA Saclay, 91191 Gif sur Yvvete (France); Titarchuk, Lev, E-mail: plaurent@cea.fr, E-mail: titarchuk@fe.infn.f, E-mail: lev@milkyway.gsfc.nasa.gov, E-mail: ltitarch@gmu.edu [Physics Department, University of Ferrara, Via Saragat 1, 44100 Ferrara (Italy)

2011-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

436

AN OBSERVED LINK BETWEEN ACTIVE GALACTIC NUCLEI AND VIOLENT DISK INSTABILITIES IN HIGH-REDSHIFT GALAXIES  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We provide evidence for a correlation between the presence of giant clumps and the occurrence of active galactic nuclei (AGNs) in disk galaxies. Giant clumps of 10{sup 8}-10{sup 9} M{sub Sun} arise from violent gravitational instability in gas-rich galaxies, and it has been proposed that this instability could feed supermassive black holes (BHs). We use emission line diagnostics to compare a sample of 14 clumpy (unstable) disks and a sample of 13 smoother (stable) disks at redshift z {approx} 0.7. The majority of clumpy disks in our sample have a high probability of containing AGNs. Their [O III] {lambda}5007 emission line is strongly excited, inconsistent with low-metallicity star formation (SF) alone. [Ne III] {lambda}3869 excitation is also higher. Stable disks rarely have such properties. Stacking ultra sensitive Chandra observations (4 Ms) reveals an X-ray excess in clumpy galaxies, which confirms the presence of AGNs. The clumpy galaxies in our intermediate-redshift sample have properties typical of gas-rich disk galaxies rather than mergers, being in particular on the main sequence of SF. This suggests that our findings apply to the physically similar and numerous gas-rich unstable disks at z > 1. Using the observed [O III] and X-ray luminosities, we conservatively estimate that AGNs hosted by clumpy disks have typical bolometric luminosities of the order of a few 10{sup 43} erg s{sup -1}, BH growth rates m-dot{sub BH}{approx}10{sup -2} M{sub Sun} yr{sup -1}, and that these AGNs are substantially obscured in X-rays. This moderate-luminosity mode could provide a large fraction of today's BH mass with a high duty cycle (>10%), accretion bursts with higher luminosities being possible over shorter phases. Violent instabilities at high redshift (giant clumps) are a much more efficient driver of BH growth than the weak instabilities in nearby spirals (bars), and the evolution of disk instabilities with mass and redshift could explain the simultaneous downsizing of SF and of BH growth.

Bournaud, Frederic; Juneau, Stephanie; Le Floc'h, Emeric; Mullaney, James; Daddi, Emanuele; Duc, Pierre-Alain; Elbaz, David; Salmi, Fadia [CEA, IRFU, SAp, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette (France); Dekel, Avishai [Racah Institute of Physics, Hebrew University, Jerusalem 91904 (Israel); Dickinson, Mark [National Optical Astronomy Observatory, 950 North Cherry Avenue, Tucson, AZ 85719 (United States)

2012-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

437

Technical Report on Application and Development of Appropriate Tools and Technologies for Cost-Effective Carbon Sequestration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Nature Conservancy participated in a Cooperative Agreement with the Department of Energy (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) to explore the compatibility of carbon sequestration in terrestrial ecosystems and the conservation of biodiversity. The title of the research project was 'Application and Development of Appropriate Tools and Technologies for Cost-Effective Carbon Sequestration'. The objectives of the project were to: (1) improve carbon offset estimates produced in both the planning and implementation phases of projects; (2) build valid and standardized approaches to estimate project carbon benefits at a reasonable cost; and (3) lay the groundwork for implementing cost-effective projects, providing new testing ground for biodiversity protection and restoration projects that store additional atmospheric carbon. This Final Technical Report discusses the results of the six tasks that The Nature Conservancy undertook to answer research needs while facilitating the development of real projects with measurable greenhouse gas reductions. The research described in this report occurred between July 1st 2001 and July 10th 2008. The specific tasks discussed include: Task 1: carbon inventory advancements; Task 2: emerging technologies for remote sensing of terrestrial carbon; Task 3: baseline method development; Task 4: third-party technical advisory panel meetings; Task 5: new project feasibility studies; and Task 6: development of new project software screening tool. The project occurred in two phases. The first was a focused exploration of specific carbon measurement and monitoring methodologies and pre-selected carbon sequestration opportunities. The second was a more systematic and comprehensive approach to compare various competing measurement and monitoring methodologies, and assessment of a variety of carbon sequestration opportunities in order to find those that are the lowest cost with the greatest combined carbon and other environmental benefits. In the first phase we worked in the U.S., Brazil, Belize, Bolivia, Peru, and Chile to develop and refine specific carbon inventory methods, pioneering a new remote-sensing method for cost-effectively measuring and monitoring terrestrial carbon sequestration and system for developing carbon baselines for both avoided deforestation and afforestation/reforestation projects. We evaluated the costs and carbon benefits of a number of specific terrestrial carbon sequestration activities throughout the U.S., including reforestation of abandoned mined lands in southwest Virginia, grassland restoration in Arizona and Indiana, and reforestation in the Mississippi Alluvial Delta. The most cost-effective U.S. terrestrial sequestration opportunity we found through these studies was reforestation in the Mississippi Alluvial Delta. In Phase II we conducted a more systematic assessment and comparison of several different measurement and monitoring approaches in the Northern Cascades of California, and a broad 11-state Northeast regional assessment, rather than pre-selected and targeted, analysis of terrestrial sequestration costs and benefits. Work was carried out in Brazil, Belize, Chile, Peru and the USA. Partners include the Winrock International Institute for Agricultural Development, The Sampson Group, Programme for Belize, Society for Wildlife Conservation (SPVS), Universidad Austral de Chile, Michael Lefsky, Colorado State University, UC Berkeley, the Carnegie Institution of Washington, ProNaturaleza, Ohio State University, Stephen F. Austin University, Geographical Modeling Services, Inc., WestWater, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Century Ecosystem Services, Mirant Corporation, General Motors, American Electric Power, Salt River Project, Applied Energy Systems, KeySpan, NiSource, and PSEG. This project, 'Application and Development of Appropriate Tools and Technologies for Cost-Effective Carbon Sequestration', has resulted in over 50 presentations and reports, available publicly through the Department of Energy or by visiting the links listed in Appendix 1. More

Bill Stanley; Sandra Brown; Zoe Kant; Patrick Gonzalez

2009-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

438

Technical Report on Application and Development of Appropriate Tools and Technologies for Cost-Effective Carbon Sequestration  

SciTech Connect

The Nature Conservancy participated in a Cooperative Agreement with the Department of Energy (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) to explore the compatibility of carbon sequestration in terrestrial ecosystems and the conservation of biodiversity. The title of the research project was 'Application and Development of Appropriate Tools and Technologies for Cost-Effective Carbon Sequestration'. The objectives of the project were to: (1) improve carbon offset estimates produced in both the planning and implementation phases of projects; (2) build valid and standardized approaches to estimate project carbon benefits at a reasonable cost; and (3) lay the groundwork for implementing cost-effective projects, providing new testing ground for biodiversity protection and restoration projects that store additional atmospheric carbon. This Final Technical Report discusses the results of the six tasks that The Nature Conservancy undertook to answer research needs while facilitating the development of real projects with measurable greenhouse gas reductions. The research described in this report occurred between July 1st 2001 and July 10th 2008. The specific tasks discussed include: Task 1: carbon inventory advancements; Task 2: emerging technologies for remote sensing of terrestrial carbon; Task 3: baseline method development; Task 4: third-party technical advisory panel meetings; Task 5: new project feasibility studies; and Task 6: development of new project software screening tool. The project occurred in two phases. The first was a focused exploration of specific carbon measurement and monitoring methodologies and pre-selected carbon sequestration opportunities. The second was a more systematic and comprehensive approach to compare various competing measurement and monitoring methodologies, and assessment of a variety of carbon sequestration opportunities in order to find those that are the lowest cost with the greatest combined carbon and other environmental benefits. In the first phase we worked in the U.S., Brazil, Belize, Bolivia, Peru, and Chile to develop and refine specific carbon inventory methods, pioneering a new remote-sensing method for cost-effectively measuring and monitoring terrestrial carbon sequestration and system for developing carbon baselines for both avoided deforestation and afforestation/reforestation projects. We evaluated the costs and carbon benefits of a number of specific terrestrial carbon sequestration activities throughout the U.S., including reforestation of abandoned mined lands in southwest Virginia, grassland restoration in Arizona and Indiana, and reforestation in the Mississippi Alluvial Delta. The most cost-effective U.S. terrestrial sequestration opportunity we found through these studies was reforestation in the Mississippi Alluvial Delta. In Phase II we conducted a more systematic assessment and comparison of several different measurement and monitoring approaches in the Northern Cascades of California, and a broad 11-state Northeast regional assessment, rather than pre-selected and targeted, analysis of terrestrial sequestration costs and benefits. Work was carried out in Brazil, Belize, Chile, Peru and the USA. Partners include the Winrock International Institute for Agricultural Development, The Sampson Group, Programme for Belize, Society for Wildlife Conservation (SPVS), Universidad Austral de Chile, Michael Lefsky, Colorado State University, UC Berkeley, the Carnegie Institution of Washington, ProNaturaleza, Ohio State University, Stephen F. Austin University, Geographical Modeling Services, Inc., WestWater, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Century Ecosystem Services, Mirant Corporation, General Motors, American Electric Power, Salt River Project, Applied Energy Systems, KeySpan, NiSource, and PSEG. This project, 'Application and Development of Appropriate Tools and Technologies for Cost-Effective Carbon Sequestration', has resulted in over 50 presentations and reports, available publicly through the Department of Energy or by visiting the links listed in Appendix 1. More

Bill Stanley; Sandra Brown; Zoe Kant; Patrick Gonzalez

2009-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

439

Properties of Group Five and Group Seven transactinium elements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The detection and positive identification of the short-lived, low cross section isotopes used in the chemical studies of the heaviest elements are usually accomplished by measuring their alpha-decay, thus the nuclear properties of the heaviest elements must be examined simultaneously with their chemical properties. The isotopes 224 Pa and 266,267 Bh have been studied extensively as an integral part of the investigation of the heaviest members of the groups five and seven of the periodic table. The half-life of 224 Pa was determined to be 855 plus/minus19 ms by measuring its alpha-decay using our rotating wheel, solid state detector system at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 88-Inch Cyclotron. Protactinium was produced by bombardment of a bismuth target. New neutron rich isotopes, 267 Bh and 266 Bh, were produced in bombardments of a 249 Bk target and their decay was observed using the rotating wheel system. The 266 Bh that was produced decays with a half-life of approximately 1 s by emission of alpha particles with an average energy of 9.25 plus/minus 0.03 MeV. 267 Bh was observed to decay with a 17 s half-life by emission of alpha-particles with an average energy of 8.83 plus/minus 0.03 MeV. The chemical behavior of hafnium, Ha (element 105) was investigated using the fast on-line continuous liquid extraction and detection system SISAK-LISSY. Hafnium was not observed in this experiment following transport and extraction. Protactinium was used as on-line test of the apparatus to determine the experimental efficiency of the entire system. Unfortunately, the amount of protactinium observed after the extraction, compared to the amount produced, was extremely small, only 2.5%. The extraction of the protactinium isotope indicated the efficiency of the apparatus was too low to observe the extraction of hafnium. The chemical behavior of oxychloride compounds of bohrium was investigated by isothermal gas adsorption chromatography in a quartz column at 180, 150, and 75 C. It was found to be less volatile than the corresponding compounds of the lighter group seven homologues, rhenium and technetium, which had been measured previously with the same apparatus. Assuming the bohrium compound to be BhO3Cl, the evaluated standard adsorption enthalpy, and delta-Hads, of BhO3Cl on the quartz surface was calculated from Monte Carlo fits to the volatility data to be -75 kJ/mol. The adsorption enthalpies for TcO3Cl and ReO3Cl are -51 and -61 kJ/mol respectively.

Wilk, Philip A.

2001-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Maldives-Supporting the Zero Emissions Strategy | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Maldives-Supporting the Zero Emissions Strategy Maldives-Supporting the Zero Emissions Strategy Jump to: navigation, search Name Maldives-Supporting the Zero Emissions Strategy Agency/Company /Organization German Agency for International Cooperation (GIZ) Partner Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency Topics Low emission development planning, Pathways analysis Program Start 2011 Program End 2013 Country Maldives Southern Asia References GTZ Schwerpunkte[1] GIZ[2] Contents 1 Overview 1.1 Costa Rica 1.2 Maldives 2 Outcomes, Lessons Learned and Good Practices 3 References Overview Costa Rica Maldives The Maldives are less the 2.5 m above sea level. Hence, the danger from climate change is crucial. At the same time the Maldives' economy,

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441

MediaWiki:Sidebar | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sidebar Sidebar Jump to: navigation, search Browse width:20em Gateway:América Latina|Latinoamérica Gateway:Buildings|Buildings Gateway:Clean_Energy_Economy|Clean Energy Economy Gateway:Coordinated Low Emissions Assistance Network (CLEAN)|Coordinated Low Emissions Assistance Network Gateway:Geothermal|Geothermal Gateway:Incentives and Policies|Incentives and Policies Gateway:International Clean Energy Analysis|International Clean Energy Analysis Gateway:Low Emission Development Strategies|Low Emission Development Strategies Gateway:Oil_and_Gas|Oil & Gas Gateway:Smart_Grid|Smart Grid Gateway:Solar|Solar Gateway:U.S._OpenLabs|U.S. OpenLabs Gateway:Utilities|Utilities Gateway:Water Power|Water Gateway:Wind|Wind PAGE View width:16em Special:NewPages|New Pages Special:RecentChanges|Recent Changes

442

File:NREL-camdiraug.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

camdiraug.pdf camdiraug.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Central America - August Direct Normal Solar Radiation Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,650 × 1,275 pixels, file size: 66 KB, MIME type: application/pdf) Title Central America - August Direct Normal Solar Radiation Description Central America - August Direct Normal Solar Radiation Sources National Renewable Energy Laboratory Authors Donna Heimiller Related Technologies Solar, Solar-CSP, Solar-40km Creation Date 2003-12-10 Extent International Countries Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua UN Region Central America File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 15:54, 14 December 2010 Thumbnail for version as of 15:54, 14 December 2010 1,650 × 1,275 (66 KB) MapBot (Talk | contribs) Automated upload from NREL's "mapsearch" data

443

File:NREL-camdirmar.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

camdirmar.pdf camdirmar.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Central America - March Direct Normal Solar Radiation Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,650 × 1,275 pixels, file size: 65 KB, MIME type: application/pdf) Title Central America - March Direct Normal Solar Radiation Description Central America - March Direct Normal Solar Radiation Sources National Renewable Energy Laboratory Authors Donna Heimiller Related Technologies Solar, Solar-CSP, Solar-40km Creation Date 2003-12-10 Extent International Countries Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua UN Region Central America File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 15:56, 14 December 2010 Thumbnail for version as of 15:56, 14 December 2010 1,650 × 1,275 (65 KB) MapBot (Talk | contribs) Automated upload from NREL's "mapsearch" data

444

File:NREL-camdirjune.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

camdirjune.pdf camdirjune.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Central America - June Direct Normal Solar Radiation Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,650 × 1,275 pixels, file size: 66 KB, MIME type: application/pdf) Title Central America - June Direct Normal Solar Radiation Description Central America - June Direct Normal Solar Radiation Sources National Renewable Energy Laboratory Authors Donna Heimiller Related Technologies Solar, Solar-CSP, Solar-40km Creation Date 2003-12-10 Extent International Countries Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua UN Region Central America File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 15:55, 14 December 2010 Thumbnail for version as of 15:55, 14 December 2010 1,650 × 1,275 (66 KB) MapBot (Talk | contribs) Automated upload from NREL's "mapsearch" data

445

File:NREL-camdirmay.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

camdirmay.pdf camdirmay.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Central America - May Direct Normal Solar Radiation Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,650 × 1,275 pixels, file size: 65 KB, MIME type: application/pdf) Title Central America - May Direct Normal Solar Radiation Description Central America - May Direct Normal Solar Radiation Sources National Renewable Energy Laboratory Authors Donna Heimiller Related Technologies Solar, Solar-CSP, Solar-40km Creation Date 2003-12-10 Extent International Countries Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua UN Region Central America File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 15:56, 14 December 2010 Thumbnail for version as of 15:56, 14 December 2010 1,650 × 1,275 (65 KB) MapBot (Talk | contribs) Automated upload from NREL's "mapsearch" data

446

File:NREL-camdirjuly.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

camdirjuly.pdf camdirjuly.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage Central America - July Direct Normal Solar Radiation Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(1,650 × 1,275 pixels, file size: 66 KB, MIME type: application/pdf) Title Central America - July Direct Normal Solar Radiation Description Central America - July Direct Normal Solar Radiation Sources National Renewable Energy Laboratory Authors Donna Heimiller Related Technologies Solar, Solar-CSP, Solar-40km Creation Date 2003-12-10 Extent International Countries Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua UN Region Central America File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 15:55, 14 December 2010 Thumbnail for version as of 15:55, 14 December 2010 1,650 × 1,275 (66 KB) MapBot (Talk | contribs) Automated upload from NREL's "mapsearch" data

447

Technical Progress Report on Application and Development of Appropriate Tools and Technologies for Cost-Effective Carbon Sequestration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Nature Conservancy is participating in a Cooperative Agreement with the Department of Energy (DOE) National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) to explore the compatibility of carbon sequestration in terrestrial ecosystems and the conservation of biodiversity. The title of the research project is ''Application and Development of Appropriate Tools and Technologies for Cost-Effective Carbon Sequestration''. The objectives of the project are to: (1) improve carbon offset estimates produced in both the planning and implementation phases of projects; (2) build valid and standardized approaches to estimate project carbon benefits at a reasonable cost; and (3) lay the groundwork for implementing cost-effective projects, providing new testing ground for biodiversity protection and restoration projects that store additional atmospheric carbon. This Technical Progress Report discusses preliminary results of the six specific tasks that The Nature Conservancy is undertaking to answer research needs while facilitating the development of real projects with measurable greenhouse gas reductions. The research described in this report occurred between April 1st and July 30th 2006. The specific tasks discussed include: Task 1: carbon inventory advancements; Task 2: emerging technologies for remote sensing of terrestrial carbon; Task 3: baseline method development; Task 4: third-party technical advisory panel meetings; Task 5: new project feasibility studies; and Task 6: development of new project software screening tool. Work is being carried out in Brazil, Belize, Chile, Peru and the USA.

Bill Stanley; Patrick Gonzalez; Sandra Brown; Jenny Henman; Ben Poulter; Sarah Woodhouse Murdock; Neil Sampson; Tim Pearson; Sarah Walker; Zoe Kant; Miguel Calmon; Gilberto Tiepolo

2006-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

448

www.i2e.com.es El framework Google Web Toolkit  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

www.i2e.com.es El framework Google Web Toolkit Emilio Bravo Garcia #12;www.i2e.com.es En esta presentación se va a realizar una introducción a Google Web Toolkit (en adelante GWT). GWT es una tecnología desarrollada por Google para acelerar el desarrollo de Aplicaciones Ricas de Internet (RIA) y mejorar la

Escolano, Francisco

449

UNIVERSIT de MONTPELLIER II SCIENCES ET TECHNIQUES DU LANGUEDOC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

doctorat; Aux collègues de Pemex Exploration, secteur de Poza Rica, et particulièrement à Mario Aranda qui pétrolière Pemex et l'IMP ont depuis entrepris plusieurs études de détail dans ce bassin. Une bonne partie de forage dans la partie haute de la marge. La base de donnée mise à disposition par Pemex m'a aussi permis

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

450

404.727.8727 barbara.abu-zeid@emory.edu November 2009 PubMed: Quick Steps to Best Results  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?otool=emorylib. 2. Search by Topic Enter significant terms of interest (e.g., drug resistant tuberculosis af- rica Search, click on Details to see how PubMed translated your search. PubMed maps to MeSH terms, if possi- ble, and includes these in the search. Understanding how Pub- Med uses MesH terms can help you refine

Duong, Timothy Q.

451

Los lideres de energia en EEUU toman medidas para desarrollar la Alianza de  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

lideres de energia en EEUU toman medidas para desarrollar la lideres de energia en EEUU toman medidas para desarrollar la Alianza de Energia y Clima de las Americas Los lideres de energia en EEUU toman medidas para desarrollar la Alianza de Energia y Clima de las Americas June 16, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis In English LIMA, PERÚ - Ministros de energía y otros líderes de energía de gobiernos de a través de las Américas se reunieron con corporaciones de energía y otros expertos en Lima, el 15 y 16 de Junio del 2009 en el Simposio de las Américas sobre la Energía y Clima. El simposio fue el primer evento después de la Cumbre de las Américas este año y resultó en el anuncio de acciones conjuntas para mejorar eficiencia energética, la promoción de la energía limpia y renovable, y mejores formas de compartir

452

HYDRIDES AND METAL-HYDROGEN SYSTEMS. Final Report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The work reported deals with the preparation and physical properties, especially thermal dissociation pressures, and densities of hydrides, hydrogen- metal systems, and mixtures of hydrides with other substances. Possible applicatlons as moderators, high-temperature neutron shields, and low-temperature shields are cited and design problems discussed. Most of the data on dissociation pressures cover ranges and compounds not hltherto explored because of experimental difficulties and the basic knowledge of the thermal behavior of hydrides was substantially increased. New hydrldes were prepared and several reported in the literature were shown not to exist. The following compounds, mixtures, and systems were studled: Tl-H, U-H, Ll-H, Na-H, Ca-H, Ba-H, Th-H, Sr- H; NaH-NaF, NaH-NaOH, NaH-CaH/, LlH-LiF, CaH/sub 2/-CaF/sub 2/, CaH/sub 2/-CaC/ sub 2/,CaH/sub 2/-Ca/sub 3/N/sub 2/; FeH/sub 3/ (alleged), NiH/sub 2/ (alleged), Ti(BH/sub 4/)/sub 3/, Th(BH/sub 4/)/sub 4/, WH/sub 4/ (attempted), W(BH/sub 4/)/ sub 4/ (attempted), /sub 4/NBH/sub 4/, (CH , and ydrides are ing an N/sub H/ comparable to water yet stable at red heat, compounds giving a neutron shield weight less than half that of water, and compounds suitable for use as hightemperature moderators containing large amounts of hydrogen. (auth)

Gibb, T.R.P. Jr.

1951-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

453

COMPARISON OF MILLIMETER-WAVE AND X-RAY EMISSION IN SEYFERT GALAXIES  

SciTech Connect

We compare the emission at multiple wavelengths of an extended Seyfert galaxy sample, including both types of Seyfert nuclei. We use the Caltech Submillimeter Observatory to observe the CO J = 2-1 transition line in a sample of 45 Seyfert galaxies and detect 35 of them. The galaxies are selected by their joint soft X-ray (0.1-2.4 keV) and far-infrared ({lambda} = 60-100 {mu}m) emission from the ROSAT/IRAS sample. Since the CO line widths (W{sub CO}) reflect the orbital motion in the gravitational potential of the host galaxy, we study how the kinematics are affected by the central massive black hole (BH), using the X-ray luminosity. A significant correlation is found between the CO line width and hard (0.3-8 keV from Chandra and XMM-Newton) X-ray luminosity for both types of Seyfert nuclei. Assuming an Eddington accretion to estimate the BH mass (M{sub BH}) from the X-ray luminosity, the W{sub CO}-L{sub X} relation establishes a direct connection between the kinematics of the molecular gas of the host galaxy and the nuclear activity, and corroborates the previous studies that show that the CO is a good surrogate for the bulge mass. We also find a tight correlation between the (soft and hard) X-ray and the CO luminosities for both Seyfert types. These results indicate a direct relation between the molecular gas (i.e., star formation activity) of the host galaxy and the nuclear activity. To establish a clear causal connection between molecular gas and the fueling of nuclear activity, high-resolution maps (<100 pc) of the CO emission of our sample will be required and provided in a forthcoming Atacama Large Millimeter Array observation.

Monje, R. R.; Blain, A. W.; Phillips, T. G. [Division of Physics, Mathematics and Astronomy, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125-4700 (United States)

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

A Semi-Analytic Model for the Co-evolution of Galaxies, Black Holes, and Active Galactic Nuclei  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a new semi-analytic model that self-consistently traces the growth of supermassive black holes (BH) and their host galaxies within the context of the LCDM cosmological framework. In our model, the energy emitted by accreting black holes regulates the growth of the black holes themselves, drives galactic scale winds that can remove cold gas from galaxies, and produces powerful jets that heat the hot gas atmospheres surrounding groups and clusters. We present a comprehensive comparison of our model predictions with observational measurements of key physical properties of low-redshift galaxies, such as cold gas fractions, stellar metallicities and ages, and specific star formation rates. We find that our new models successfully reproduce the exponential cutoff in the stellar mass function and the stellar and cold gas mass densities at z~0, and predict that star formation should be largely, but not entirely, quenched in massive galaxies at the present day. We also find that our model of self-regulated BH growth naturally reproduces the observed relation between BH mass and bulge mass. We explore the global formation history of galaxies in our models, presenting predictions for the cosmic histories of star formation, stellar mass assembly, cold gas, and metals. We find that models assuming the "concordance" LCDM cosmology overproduce star formation and stellar mass at high redshift (z>2). A model with less small-scale power predicts less star formation at high redshift, and excellent agreement with the observed stellar mass assembly history, but may have difficulty accounting for the cold gas in quasar absorption systems at high redshift (z~3-4).

Rachel S. Somerville; Philip F. Hopkins; Thomas J. Cox; Brant E. Robertson; Lars Hernquist

2008-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

455

Magnetic Energy of the Intergalactic Medium from Galactic Black Holes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A quantitative analysis of two radio source samples having opposite extremes of ambient gas density leads to important new conclusions about the magnetic energy in the IGM. We conclude that giant sources in rarefied IGM environments, which contain magnetic energies E_B ~ 10^60-61 ergs, can be viewed as important "calorimeters" of the minimum energy a black hole (BH) accretion disk system injects into the IGM. In contrast to the radiation energy released by BH accretion, most of the magnetic energy is "trapped" initially in a volume, up to ~10^73 cm^3, around the host galaxy. But since these large, Mpc scale radio lobes are still overpressured after the AGN phase, their subsequent expansion and diffusion will magnetize a large fraction of the entire IGM. This suggests that the energy stored in intergalactic magnetic fields will have a major, as yet underestimated effect on the evolution of subsequently forming galaxies. Comparison with the second sample, consisting of sources within 150 kpc of rich cluster cores, shows that the minimum magnetic energy E_B can be a strongly variable fraction of the inferred accretion energy E_acc, and that it depends on the ambient IGM environment. AGNs inject significant energy as PdV work on the thermal ICM gas, and their magnetic energy, even ignoring the contribution from stellar and starburst outflows, is sufficient to account for that recently found beyond the inner cores of galaxy clusters. Other loss processes in the course of the lobe expansion are considered. We conclude that the aggregate IGM magnetic energy derived purely from galactic black holes since the first epoch of significant galaxy BH formation is sufficiently large that it will have an important influence on the process of both galaxy and visible structure formation on scales up to ~ 1Mpc.

P. P. Kronberg; Q. W. Dufton; H. Li; S. A. Colgate

2001-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

456

Origin of elevated water levels encountered in Pahute Mesa emplacement boreholes: Preliminary investigations  

SciTech Connect

The presence of standing water well above the predicted water table in emplacement boreholes on Pahute Mesa has been a recurring phenomenon at the Nevada Test Site (NTS). If these levels represent naturally perched aquifers, they may indicate a radionuclide migration hazard. In any case, they can pose engineering problems in the performance of underground nuclear tests. The origin of these elevated waters is uncertain. Large volumes of water are introduced during emplacement drilling, providing ample source for artificially perched water, yet elevated water levels can remain constant for years, suggesting a natural origin instead. In an effort to address the issue of unexpected standing water in emplacement boreholes, three different sites were investigated in Area 19 on Pahute Mesa by Desert Research Institute (DRI) staff from 1990-93. These sites were U-19az, U-19ba, and U-19bh. As of this writing, U-19bh remains available for access; however, nuclear tests were conducted at the former two locations subsequent to this investigations. The experiments are discussed in chronological order. Taken together, the experiments indicate that standing water in Pahute Mesa emplacement holes originates from the drainage of small-volume naturally perched zones. In the final study, the fluids used during drilling of the bottom 100 m of emplacement borehole U-19bh were labeled with a chemical tracer. After hole completion, water level rose in the borehole, while tracer concentration decreased. In fact, total mass of tracer in the borehole remained constant, while water levels rose. After water levels stabilized in this hole, no change in tracer mass was observed over two years, indicating that no movement of water out of the borehole is taking place (as at U- 19ba). Continued labeling tests of standing water are recommended to confirm the conclusions made here, and to establish their validity throughout Pahute Mesa.

Brikowski, T.; Chapman, J.; Lyles, B.; Hokett, S.

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Improved constraints on dark energy from Chandra X-ray observations of the largest relaxed galaxy clusters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present constraints on the mean matter density, Omega_m, dark energy density, Omega_de, and the dark energy equation of state parameter, w, using Chandra measurements of the X-ray gas mass fraction (fgas) in 42 hot (kT>5keV), X-ray luminous, dynamically relaxed galaxy clusters spanning the redshift range 0.05energy has a negligible effect on the measurements, we measure Omega_m=0.28+-0.06 (68% confidence, using standard priors on the Hubble Constant, H_0, and mean baryon density, Omega_bh^2). Analyzing the data for all 42 clusters, employing only weak priors on H_0 and Omega_bh^2, we obtain a similar result on Omega_m and detect the effects of dark energy on the distances to the clusters at ~99.99% confidence, with Omega_de=0.86+-0.21 for a non-flat LCDM model. The detection of dark energy is comparable in significance to recent SNIa studies and represents strong, independent evidence for cosmic acceleration. Systematic scatter remains undetected in the fgas data, despite a weighted mean statistical scatter in the distance measurements of only ~5%. For a flat cosmology with constant w, we measure Omega_m=0.28+-0.06 and w=-1.14+-0.31. Combining the fgas data with independent constraints from CMB and SNIa studies removes the need for priors on Omega_bh^2 and H_0 and leads to tighter constraints: Omega_m=0.253+-0.021 and w=-0.98+-0.07 for the same constant-w model. More general analyses in which we relax the assumption of flatness and/or allow evolution in w remain consistent with the cosmological constant paradigm. Our analysis includes conservative allowances for systematic uncertainties. The small systematic scatter and tight constraints bode well for future dark energy studies using the fgas method. (Abridged)

S. W. Allen; D. A. Rapetti; R. W. Schmidt; H. Ebeling; G. Morris; A. C. Fabian

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Materials for Hydrogen Storage: Structure and Dynamics of Borane Ammonia Complex  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The activation energies for rotations in low temperature orthorhombic ammonia borane were analyzed and characterized in terms of electronic structure theory. The perdeuterated, 11B- enriched ammonia borane 11BD3ND3 sample was synthesized and the structure was refined from neutron powder diffraction data at 175 K. This temperature has been chosen as median of the range of previously reported NMR measurements of these rotations. A representative molecular cluster model was assembled from the refined geometry and the activation energies were calculated and characterized by analysis of the environmental factors that control the rotational dynamics. The barrier for independent NH3 rotation, Ea = 12.7 kJ/mol, largely depends on the molecular conformational torsion in the solid state geometry. The barrier for independent BH3 rotation, Ea = 38.3 kJ/mol, results from the summation of the effect of molecular torsion and large repulsive intermolecular hydrogen-hydrogen interactions. However, a barrier of Ea = 31.1 kJ/mol was calculated for rotation with preserved molecular conformation. Analysis of the barrier heights and the corresponding rotational pathways shows that rotation of the BH3 group involves strongly correlated rotation of the NH3 end of the molecule. This observation suggests that the barrier from previously reported measurement of BH3 rotation, corresponds to H3BNH3 correlated rotation. Support for this work by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Basic Energy Sciences, Chemical Sciences Division is gratefully acknowledged. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory is operated by Battelle for the US Department of Energy.

Parvanov, Venci M.; Schenter, Gregory K.; Hess, Nancy J.; Daemen, Luke L.; Hartl, Monika A.; Stowe, Ashley C.; Camaioni, Donald M.; Autrey, Thomas

2008-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

459

On the Origin of Ultra High Energy Cosmic Rays II  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We show that accretion disks around Active Galactic Nuclei (AGNs) could account for the enormous power in observed ultra high energy cosmic rays {approx}10{sup 20} eV (UHEs). In our model, cosmic rays are produced by quasi-steady acceleration of ions in magnetic structures previously proposed to explain jets around Active Galactic Nuclei with supermassive black holes. Steady acceleration requires that an AGN accretion disk act as a dynamo, which we show to follow from a modified Standard Model in which the magnetic torque of the dynamo replaces viscosity as the dominant mechanism accounting for angular momentum conservation during accretion. A black hole of mass M{sub BH} produces a steady dynamo voltage V {proportional_to} {radical}M{sub BH} giving V {approx} 10{sup 20} volts for M{sub BH} {approx} 10{sup 8} solar masses. The voltage V reappears as an inductive electric field at the advancing nose of a dynamo-driven jet, where plasma instability inherent in collisionless runaway acceleration allows ions to be steadily accelerated to energies {approx} V, finally ejected as cosmic rays. Transient events can produce much higher energies. The predicted disk radiation is similar to the Standard Model. Unique predictions concern the remarkable collimation of jets and emissions from the jet/radiolobe structure. Given MBH and the accretion rate, the model makes 7 predictions roughly consistent with data: (1) the jet length; (2) the jet radius; (3) the steady-state cosmic ray energy spectrum; (4) the maximum energy in this spectrum; (5) the UHE cosmic ray intensity on Earth; (6) electron synchrotron wavelengths; and (7) the power in synchrotron radiation. These qualitative successes motivate new computer simulations, experiments and data analysis to provide a quantitative verification of the model.

Fowler, T K; Colgate, S; Li, H; Bulmer, R H; Pino, J

2011-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

460

MEIIORANDUM TO: FILE  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

MEIIORANDUM MEIIORANDUM TO: FILE FROM: A. &/b~ ----------_----_ SUBJECT: TYPE OF OPERATION ~_~~_--~~_------_ q Research & Development 0 Production scale testing 0 Pilat Scale 0 Bench Scale Process 0 Theoretical Studies 0 Sample & Analysis q Facility Type 0 Manufacturing 0 University 0 Research Organization 0 Gavernment Sponsored Faci 1 i ty 0 Other ~~~~~~~-~~--_--___--- 0 Product: on a Disposal/Stiorage TYPE OF CONTRACT ------_----__--_ 0 Prime q Other information (i.e., cost 0 Subcontractor + fixed fee, unit price, U Purchase Order time & material, gtc) ------- -L-------------------------- .&ntr&/Purchase Order #-$&z a :~-_~~;;~~~-~~~~-~-~~bh~' ,~. CENTRACTING PERIOD: raj * ------------------------------------- OWNERSHIP: AEC/MED AEC/MED GOVT GOUT CONTRACTOR CONTRACToR

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461

Development of odd-Z-projectile reactions for transactinide element synthesis  

SciTech Connect

The development of new odd-Z-projectile reactions leading to the production of transactinide elements is described. The cross section of the even-Z-projectile 208Pb(64Ni, n)271Ds reaction was measured at two new energies using the Berkeley Gas-filled Separator at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 88-Inch Cyclotron. In total, seven decay chains attributable to 271Ds were observed. These data, combined with previous results, establish an excitation function for the production of 271Ds. The maximum cross section was 20 +15 -11 pb at a center-of-target energy of 311.5 MeV in the laboratory frame.The data from the 271Ds experiments were used to estimate the optimum beam energy for the new odd-Z-projectile 208Pb(65Cu, n)272-111 reaction using the Fusion by Diffusion theory proposed by Swiatecki, Siwek-Wilczynska, and Wilczynski. A cross section for this reaction was measured for the first time, at a center-of-target energy of 321.1 MeV in the laboratory frame. The excitation energy f or compound nuclei formed at the target center was 13.2 MeV. One decay chain was observed, resulting in a measured cross section of 1.7 +3.9 -1.4 pb. This decay chain is in good agreement with previously published data on the decay of 272-111.The new odd-Z-projectile 208Pb(55Mn, n)262Bh reaction was studied at three different projectile energies, and 33 decay chains of 262Bh were observed. The existence of a previously reported alpha-decaying isomeric state in this nuclide was confirmed. Production of the ground state was preferred at all three beam energies. The maximum cross section was 540 +180 -150 pb at a projectile center-of-target energy of 264.0 MeV. This cross section is much larger than that previously reported for the even-Z-projectile 209Bi(54Cr, n)262Bh reaction, which may be because the 54Cr projectile energies in the latter reaction were too high for optimum production of the 1n product. At the highest projectile energy of 268.0 MeV in the target center, two decay chains from 261Bh were observed as a result of the 208Pb(55Mn, 2n) reaction. In summary, this work shows that odd-Z-projectile reactions can have cross sections comparable to analogous even-Z-projectile reactions, and that the energy of the maximum cross section for 1n reactions can be estimated simply.

Folden III, Charles Marvin

2004-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

462

Near-Monodisperse Ni-Cu Bimetallic Nanocrystals of Variable Composition: Controlled Synthesis and Catalytic Activity for H2 Generation  

SciTech Connect

Near-monodisperse Ni{sub 1-x}Cu{sub x} (x = 0.2-0.8) bimetallic nanocrystals were synthesized by a one-pot thermolysis approach in oleylamine/1-octadecene, using metal acetylacetonates as precursors. The nanocrystals form large-area 2D superlattices, and display a catalytic synergistic effect in the hydrolysis of NaBH{sub 4} to generate H{sub 2} at x = 0.5 in a strongly basic medium. The Ni{sub 0.5}Cu{sub 0.5} nanocrystals show the lowest activation energy, and also exhibit the highest H{sub 2} generation rate at 298 K.

Zhang, Yawen; Huang, Wenyu; Habas, Susan E.; Kuhn, John N.; Grass, Michael E.; Yamada, Yusuke; Yang, Peidong; Somorjai, Gabor A.

2008-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

463

Newsfront 5-11 March 2007, Issue 6  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to do in the past. Ne ws fro nt Bh asw or Ojha Deputy Prime Minister Oli 35 Mar-11 Mar, 2007E n vironme nt After the success of the first 'organic restaurant' set up for endangered vultures, Nepali ornithologist Dr. Hem Sagar Baral and his collesgues... are all set to expand their venture. The team started its first endeavor in Kawasoti, Nawalparasi district. Run with the support from the local community, the 'restaurant' serves its customers toxin-free meals. In its kitchen that is 520 square meters...

Ghimire, Yubaraj

464

Quasi-stars and the SchnbergChandrasekhar limit  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

you come to the end: then stop. from Alices Adventures in Wonderland, Lewis Carroll, 1865 1 Supermassive black holes in the early Universe Over the last decade, high-redshift surveys have detected bright quasars at redshifts z & 6 (Fan et al. 2006... suitable interior conditions to describe the interaction of the BH and the envelope, it is possible to model a quasi-star with software packages designed to calculate stellar structure and evolution. Such an undertaking was the initial aim of the work...

Ball, Warrick Heinz

2012-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

465

Process for fullerene functionalization  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Di-addended and tetra-addended Buckminster fullerenes are synthesized through the use of novel organoborane intermediates. The C.sub.60, C.sub.70, or higher fullerene is reacted with a borane such as BH.sub.3 in a solvent such as toluene to form an organoborane intermediate. Reaction of the organoborane such as hydrolysis with water or alcohol results in the product di-addended and tetra-addended fullerene in up to 30% yields. Dihydrofullerenes and tetrahydrofullerenes are produced by the process of the invention.

Cahill, Paul A. (Albuquerque, NM); Henderson, Craig C. (Dublin, CA)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Energy conserving Anisotropic Anhysteretic Magnetic Modelling for Finite Element Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To model ferromagnetic material in finite element analysis a correct description of the constitutive relationship (BH-law) must be found from measured data. This article proposes to use the energy density function as a centrepiece. Using this function, which turns out to be a convex function of the flux density, guarantees energy conservative modelling. The magnetic field strength can be seen as a derivative with respect to the flux density. Especially for anisotropic materials (from lamination and/or grain orientation) this method has advantages. Strictly speaking this method is only valid for anhysteretic and thermodynamically stable material.

Jens Krause

2012-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

467

The Dynamic Effect in the Hydroboration of Alkenes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The hydroboration of simple alkenes with BH3 preferentially occurs in an anti- Markovnikov fashion. The standard explanation for this preference, reproduced in all general organic chemistry textbooks, is that the selectivity arises from a greater stability for the anti-Markovnikov transition state. This explanation presupposes the applicability of the transition-state theory model for reactivity and selectivity. This dissertation explores the applicability of transition state theory to selectivity in hydroborations and finds that in some cases transition state theory fails to accurately account for observations. Experimental results for the hydroboration of propene-d6 and styrene-d8 with excess BH3 was analyzed by 2H-NMR to determine the percentage of the Markovnikov product for the BH3-mediated reaction. The experimental selectivities were then compared with predictions based on very high-level calculations using transition state theory. It was observed that the regioselectivity of the hydroboration of these alkenes is lower than can be accounted for by transition state theory. The regioselectivity discrepancy was explored through dynamic trajectory analysis. It is proposed here that the observed regioselectivity is that of a hot reaction, resulting from an exothermic association of alkene with borane to form an intermediate complex. This complex then overcomes low-energy barriers to form anti-Markovnikov and Markovnikov products faster than excess energy is lost to solvent. This hypothesis was explored for the hydroboration of internal disubstituted and trisubstituted alkenes. The applicability of transition state theory and the role of dynamics in determining the selectivity was gauged by determining product ratios in the presence of large excesses of borane and by considering the energetics of the calculated hydroboration reaction path. In all cases the enthalpic barriers for the rate-limiting association step and the formation of products from the intermediate ? -complex were small. Isotope effects were determined experimentally and were found to be too small for the conventional mechanism to be the predominate pathway. When the hydroboration reaction of propene with BH2Cl or BHCl2 was explored through a series of experimental and theoretical studies, we observed that the regioselectivity was lower than that predicted from transition state theory. However, the calculated pathways indicated that energy barriers for product formation were too large for this reaction to be considered a hot reaction. The regioselectivity discrepancy was attributed to the chloroboranes undergoing equilibration with selective reaction of the most highly reactive forms of the borane.

Oyola, Yatsandra

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Inorganic Chemistry in Hydrogen Storage and Biomass Catalysis  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Making or breaking C-H, B-H, C-C bonds has been at the core of catalysis for many years. Making or breaking these bonds to store or recover energy presents us with fresh challenges, including how to catalyze these transformations in molecular systems that are 'tuned' to minimize energy loss and in molecular and material systems present in biomass. This talk will discuss some challenging transformations in chemical hydrogen storage, and some aspects of the inorganic chemistry we are studying in the development of catalysts for biomass utilization.

Thorn, David [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

469

The foodscape: classification and field validation of secondary data sources across urban/rural and socio-economic classifications in England  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

17 6BH, UK Full list of author information is available at the end of the article Lake et al. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2012, 9:37 http://www.ijbnpa.org/content/9/1/37 2012 Lake et al; licensee Bio... of food outlet during a field visit. Lake et al. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2012, 9:37 http://www.ijbnpa.org/content/9/1/37 Page 2 of 12 This paper aims to compare the foodscape across urban and rural areas as well...

Lake, Amelia A; Burgoine, Thomas; Stamp, Elaine; Grieve, Rachael

2012-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

470

ASSOCIATED HIGGS BOSON PRODUCTION WITH HEAVY QUARKS.  

SciTech Connect

The production of a Higgs boson in association with a pair of e quarks will play a very important role at both hadron and lepton colliders. We review the status of theoretical predictions and their relevance to Higgs boson studies, with particular emphasis on the recently calculated NLO QCD corrections to the inclusive cross section for p{bar p}, pp {yields} t{bar t}h. We conclude by briefly discussing the case of exclusive b{bar b}h production and the potential of this process in revealing signals of new physics beyond the Standard Model.

DAWSON,S.ORR,L.H.REINA,L.WACKEROTH,D.

2003-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

471

Spectroscopy of element 115 decay chains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A high-resolution a, X-ray and -ray coincidence spectroscopy experiment was conducted at the GSI Helmholtzzentrum fu r Schwerionenforschung. Thirty correlated a-decay chains were detected following the fusion-evaporation reaction 48Ca + 243Am. The observations are consistent with previous assignments of similar decay chains to originate from element Z = 115. The data includes first candidates of fingerprinting the decay step Mt --> Bh with characteristic X rays. For the first time, precise spectroscopy allows the derivation of excitation schemes of isotopes along the decay chains starting with elements Z > 112. Comprehensive Monte-Carlo simulations accompany the data analysis. Nuclear structure models provide a first level interpretation.

Rudolph, Dirk [Lund University, Sweden; Forsberg, U. [Lund University, Sweden; Golubev, P. [Lund University, Sweden; Sarmiento, L. G. [Lund University, Sweden; Yakushev, A. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Andersson, L.-L. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet Mainz, Mainz, Germany; Di Nitto, A. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet Mainz, Mainz, Germany; Duehllmann, Ch. E. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Gates, J. M. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL); Gregorich, K. E. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL); Gross, Carl J [ORNL; Hessberger, F. P. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Herzberg, R.-D [University of Liverpool; Khuyagbaatar, J. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet Mainz, Mainz, Germany; Kratz, J. V. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet Mainz, Mainz, Germany; Rykaczewski, Krzysztof Piotr [ORNL; Schaedel, M. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Aberg, S. [Lund University, Sweden; Ackermann, D. [GSI-Hemholtzzentrum fur Schwerionenforschung, Darmstadt, Germany; Block, M. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Brand, H. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Carlsson, B. G. [Lund University, Sweden; Cox, D. [University of Liverpool; Derkx, X. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet Mainz, Mainz, Germany; Eberhardt, K. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet Mainz, Mainz, Germany; Even, J. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet Mainz, Mainz, Germany; Fahlander, C. [Lund University, Sweden; Gerl, J. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Jaeger, E. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Kindler, B. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Krier, J. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Kojouharov, I. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Kurz, N. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Lommel, B. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Mistry, A. [University of Liverpool; Mokry, C. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet Mainz, Mainz, Germany; Nitsche, H. [Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL); Omtvedt, J. P. [Paul Scherrer Institut, Villigen, Switzerland; Papadakis, P. [University of Liverpool; Ragnarsson, I. [Lund University, Sweden; Runke, J. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Schaffner, H. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Schausten, B. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Thoerle-Pospiech, P. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet Mainz, Mainz, Germany; Torres, T. [Gesellschaft fur Schwerionenforschung (GSI), Germany; Traut, T. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet Mainz, Mainz, Germany; Trautmann, N. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet Mainz, Mainz, Germany; Tuerler, A. [Paul Scherrer Institut, Villigen, Switzerland; Ward, A. [University of Liverpool; Ward, D. E. [Lund University, Sweden; Wiehl, N. [Johannes Gutenberg-Universitaet Mainz, Mainz, Germany

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Nepali Aawaz Volume 1, Issue 9, 16-27 February 2006  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

]/~hgfTds sfo{qmd k|:t't u/] . xs cfOk'u]sf rrL{t xfF: o hf]8L dbs[i0f >]i7 / xl/j+z cfrfo{, xfF:o ufos tyf snfsf/ gf/b vltj8f ;lxt Ps bh{g snfsf/n] bz{snfO{ e/ k'/ dgf]/~hg lbP . pgLx?;+u} o'jf k':tfsf 9's9'sL ag]sf ;ljg /fO{, clgn l;+x, clUnh Aof08sf z...

Shrestha, Kashish Das

473

Performance Evaluation of Decimal Floating-Point Arithmetic Michael J. Schulte, Nick Lindberg, and Anitha Laxminarain  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

arithmetic is available from http://mesa.ece.wisc.edu and http://www2.hursley.ibm.com/decimal/. 2. Decimal¢£¨% G¡4£¦¥¨§4© ¦¡¤£2% ¡&EX¨9¦§¨¦ Y 0B14§¨© 3¦% ¡ 4£ T¡4V¨£45 `Ha a b¨c d ef¨b gBh b¨i p¦d eq 4r. and J. L. White, "How to Print Floating- Point Numbers Accurately," Proceedings of the ACM SIGPLAN 1990

Schulte, Mike

474

General Relativistic Magnetohydrodynamic Simulations of Magnetically Choked Accretion Flows around Black Holes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Black hole (BH) accretion flows and jets are qualitatively affected by the presence of ordered magnetic fields. We study fully three-dimensional global general relativistic magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) simulations of radially extended and thick (height H to cylindrical radius R ratio of |H/R| {approx} 0.2-1) accretion flows around BHs with various dimensionless spins (a/M, with BH mass M) and with initially toroidally-dominated ({phi}-directed) and poloidally-dominated (R-z directed) magnetic fields. Firstly, for toroidal field models and BHs with high enough |a/M|, coherent large-scale (i.e. >> H) dipolar poloidal magnetic flux patches emerge, thread the BH, and generate transient relativistic jets. Secondly, for poloidal field models, poloidal magnetic flux readily accretes through the disk from large radii and builds-up to a natural saturation point near the BH. While models with |H/R| {approx} 1 and |a/M| {le} 0.5 do not launch jets due to quenching by mass infall, for sufficiently high |a/M| or low |H/R| the polar magnetic field compresses the inflow into a geometrically thin highly non-axisymmetric 'magnetically choked accretion flow' (MCAF) within which the standard linear magneto-rotational instability is suppressed. The condition of a highly-magnetized state over most of the horizon is optimal for the Blandford-Znajek mechanism that generates persistent relativistic jets with and 100% efficiency for |a/M| {approx}> 0.9. A magnetic Rayleigh-Taylor and Kelvin-Helmholtz unstable magnetospheric interface forms between the compressed inflow and bulging jet magnetosphere, which drives a new jet-disk oscillation (JDO) type of quasi-periodic oscillation (QPO) mechanism. The high-frequency QPO has spherical harmonic |m| = 1 mode period of {tau} {approx} 70GM/c{sup 3} for a/M {approx} 0.9 with coherence quality factors Q {approx}> 10. Overall, our models are qualitatively distinct from most prior MHD simulations (typically, |H/R| << 1 and poloidal flux is limited by initial conditions), so they should prove useful for testing accretion-jet theories and measuring a/M in systems such as SgrA* and M87.

McKinney, Jonathan C.; Tchekhovskoy, Alexander; Blandford, Roger D.

2012-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

475

Constraints on the correlation between QSO luminosity and host halo mass from high-redshift quasar clustering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent measurements of high-redshift QSO clustering from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey indicate that QSOs at z~4 have a bias b~14. We find that this extremely high clustering amplitude, combined with the corresponding space density, constrains the dispersion in the L-Mhalo relation to be less than 50% at 99% confidence for the most conservative case of a 100% duty cycle. This upper limit to the intrinsic dispersion provides as strong a constraint as current upper limits to the intrinsic dispersion in the local M_BH-sigma relation and the ratio of bolometric to Eddington luminosity of luminous QSOs.

Martin White; Paul Martini; J. D. Cohn

2007-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

476

Newsfront 17-23 December 2007, Issue 45  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Kathmandu l 17-23 Dec, 2007 l # 45 l Price Rs. 25 www.newsfront.com.np Bh asw or Ojh a nf correspondent Finally, GP Koirala seems to be able to prolong his rule marred by defaults and poor delivery at least till April based on a power... States President Jimmy Carters visit in November despite the election having been put off, took place largely because many donor agencies had already funded Carter Centers visit here, and his not coming here would have meant having to return that money...

Ghimire, Yubaraj

477

Newsfront 30 July - 5 August 2007, Issue 27  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Kathmandu l 30 July - 5 August, 2007 l # 27 l Price Rs. 25 l www.newsfront.com.np Da mo dar bh and ari nf correspondent Despite governments rhetoric that it is committed to hold elections to the constituent assembly on November 22... of office on July 25. Prime Minister G P Koirala who is the president of Nepali Congress also has been acting as head of the government as well as head of the State under the interim constitution. All crews and the ground staff of the Nepal airlines...

Ghimire, Yubaraj

478

Newsfront 14-20 May 2007, Issue 16  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Kathmandu l 14-20 May, 2007 l # 16 l Price Rs. 25 Bh asw or Ojh a Sushma Amatya Signaling that Nepals security situation might take a nose dive, the UN seems to be preparing unprecedented measures for the safety of its expatriate employees... conceded that such incidents might be creating fissures among the eight parties. News Brief Carter to visit Nepal Former U S president Jimmy Carter will be visiting Nepal some time in third week of June. He will be here on a three-day visit, largely...

Ghimire, Yubaraj

479

Discovery of Novel Complex Metal Hydrides for Hydrogen Storage through Molecular Modeling and Combinatorial Methods  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

UOP LLC, a Honeywell Company, Ford Motor Company, and Striatus, Inc., collaborated with Professor Craig Jensen of the University of Hawaii and Professor Vidvuds Ozolins of University of California, Los Angeles on a multi-year cost-shared program to discover novel complex metal hydrides for hydrogen storage. This innovative program combined sophisticated molecular modeling with high throughput combinatorial experiments to maximize the probability of identifying commercially relevant, economical hydrogen storage materials with broad application. A set of tools was developed to pursue the medium throughput (MT) and high throughput (HT) combinatorial exploratory investigation of novel complex metal hydrides for hydrogen storage. The assay programs consisted of monitoring hydrogen evolution as a function of temperature. This project also incorporated theoretical methods to help select candidate materials families for testing. The Virtual High Throughput Screening served as a virtual laboratory, calculating structures and their properties. First Principles calculations were applied to various systems to examine hydrogen storage reaction pathways and the associated thermodynamics. The experimental program began with the validation of the MT assay tool with NaAlH4/0.02 mole Ti, the state of the art hydrogen storage system given by decomposition of sodium alanate to sodium hydride, aluminum metal, and hydrogen. Once certified, a combinatorial 21-point study of the NaAlH4 ?? LiAlH4 ??Mg(AlH4)2 phase diagram was investigated with the MT assay. Stability proved to be a problem as many of the materials decomposed during synthesis, altering the expected assay results. This resulted in repeating the entire experiment with a mild milling approach, which only temporarily increased capacity. NaAlH4 was the best performer in both studies and no new mixed alanates were observed, a result consistent with the VHTS. Powder XRD suggested that the reverse reaction, the regeneration of the alanate from alkali hydride, Al and hydrogen, was hampering reversibility. The reverse reaction was then studied for the same phase diagram, starting with LiH, NaH, and MgH2, and Al. The study was extended to phase diagrams including KH and CaH2 as well. The observed hydrogen storage capacity in the Al hexahydrides was less than 4 wt. %, well short of DOE targets. The HT assay came on line and after certification with studies on NaAlH4, was first applied to the LiNH2 - LiBH4 - MgH2 phase diagram. The 60-point study elucidated trends within the system locating an optimum material of 0.6 LiNH2 ?? 0.3 MgH2 ?? 0.1 LiBH4 that stored about 4 wt. % H2 reversibly and operated below 220 °C. Also present was the phase Li4(NH2)3BH4, which had been discovered in the LiNH2 -LiBH4 system. This new ternary formulation performed much better than the well-known 2 LiNH2 ?? MgH2 system by 50 °C in the HT assay. The Li4(NH2)3BH4 is a low melting ionic liquid under our test conditions and facilitates the phase transformations required in the hydrogen storage reaction, which no longer relies on a higher energy solid state reaction pathway. Further study showed that the 0.6 LiNH2 ?? 0.3 MgH2 ?? 0.1 LiBH4 formulation was very stable with respect to ammonia and diborane desorption, the observed desorption was from hydrogen. This result could not have been anticipated and was made possible by the efficiency of HT combinatorial methods. Investigation of the analogous LiNH2 ?? LiBH4 ?? CaH2 phase diagram revealed new reversible hydrogen storage materials 0.625 LiBH4 + 0.375 CaH2 and 0.375 LiNH2 + 0.25 LiBH4 + 0.375 CaH2 operating at 1 wt. % reversible hydrogen below 175 °C. Powder x-ray diffraction revealed a new structure for the spent materials which had not been previously observed. While the storage capacity was not impressive, an important aspect is that it boron appears to participate in a low temperature reversible reaction. The last major area of study also focused

Lesch, David A; Adriaan Sachtler, J.W. J.; Low, John J; Jensen, Craig M; Ozolins, Vidvuds; Siegel, Don

2011-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

480

Discovery of Novel Complex Metal Hydrides for Hydrogen Storage through Molecular Modeling and Combinatorial Methods  

SciTech Connect

UOP LLC, a Honeywell Company, Ford Motor Company, and Striatus, Inc., collaborated with Professor Craig Jensen of the University of Hawaii and Professor Vidvuds Ozolins of University of California, Los Angeles on a multi-year cost-shared program to discover novel complex metal hydrides for hydrogen storage. This innovative program combined sophisticated molecular modeling with high throughput combinatorial experiments to maximize the probability of identifying commercially relevant, economical hydrogen storage materials with broad application. A set of tools was developed to pursue the medium throughput (MT) and high throughput (HT) combinatorial exploratory investigation of novel complex metal hydrides for hydrogen storage. The assay programs consisted of monitoring hydrogen evolution as a function of temperature. This project also incorporated theoretical methods to help select candidate materials families for testing. The Virtual High Throughput Screening served as a virtual laboratory, calculating structures and their properties. First Principles calculations were applied to various systems to examine hydrogen storage reaction pathways and the associated thermodynamics. The experimental program began with the validation of the MT assay tool with NaAlH4/0.02 mole Ti, the state of the art hydrogen storage system given by decomposition of sodium alanate to sodium hydride, aluminum metal, and hydrogen. Once certified, a combinatorial 21-point study of the NaAlH4 ?? LiAlH4 ??Mg(AlH4)2 phase diagram was investigated with the MT assay. Stability proved to be a problem as many of the materials decomposed during synthesis, altering the expected assay results. This resulted in repeating the entire experiment with a mild milling approach, which only temporarily increased capacity. NaAlH4 was the best performer in both studies and no new mixed alanates were observed, a result consistent with the VHTS. Powder XRD suggested that the reverse reaction, the regeneration of the alanate from alkali hydride, Al and hydrogen, was hampering reversibility. The reverse reaction was then studied for the same phase diagram, starting with LiH, NaH, and MgH2, and Al. The study was extended to phase diagrams including KH and CaH2 as well. The observed hydrogen storage capacity in the Al hexahydrides was less than 4 wt. %, well short of DOE targets. The HT assay came on line and after certification with studies on NaAlH4, was first applied to the LiNH2 - LiBH4 - MgH2 phase diagram. The 60-point study elucidated trends within the system locating an optimum material of 0.6 LiNH2 ?? 0.3 MgH2 ?? 0.1 LiBH4 that stored about 4 wt. % H2 reversibly and operated below 220 °C. Also present was the phase Li4(NH2)3BH4, which had been discovered in the LiNH2 -LiBH4 system. This new ternary formulation performed much better than the well-known 2 LiNH2 ?? MgH2 system by 50 °C in the HT assay. The Li4(NH2)3BH4 is a low melting ionic liquid under our test conditions and facilitates the phase transformations required in the hydrogen storage reaction, which no longer relies on a higher energy solid state reaction pathway. Further study showed that the 0.6 LiNH2 ?? 0.3 MgH2 ?? 0.1 LiBH4 formulation was very stable with respect to ammonia and diborane desorption, the observed desorption was from hydrogen. This result could not have been anticipated and was made possible by the efficiency of HT combinatorial methods. Investigation of the analogous LiNH2 ?? LiBH4 ?? CaH2 phase diagram revealed new reversible hydrogen storage materials 0.625 LiBH4 + 0.375 CaH2 and 0.375 LiNH2 + 0.25 LiBH4 + 0.375 CaH2 operating at 1 wt. % reversible hydrogen below 175 °C. Powder x-ray diffraction revealed a new structure for the spent materials which had not been previously observed. While the storage capacity was not impressive, an important aspect is that it boron appears to participate in a low temperature reversible reaction. The last major area of study also focused

Lesch, David A; Adriaan Sachtler, J.W. J.; Low, John J; Jensen, Craig M; Ozolins, Vidvuds; Siegel, Don

2011-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

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481

The molecular dynamics simulation of ion-induced ripple growth  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The wavelength-dependence of ion-sputtering induced growth of repetitive nanostructures, such as ripples has been studied by molecular dynamics (MD) simulations in Si. The early stage of the ion erosion driven development of ripples has been simulated on prepatterned Si stripes with a wavy surface. The time evolution of the height function and amplitude of the sinusoidal surface profile has been followed by simulated ion-sputtering. According to Bradley-Harper (BH) theory, we expect correlation between the wavelength of ripples and the stability of them. However, we find that in the small ripple wavelength ({lambda}) regime BH theory fails to reproduce the results obtained by molecular dynamics. We find that at short wavelengths ({lambda}35 nm is stabilized in accordance with the available experimental results. According to the simulations, few hundreds of ion impacts in {lambda} long and few nanometers wide Si ripples are sufficient for reaching saturation in surface growth for for {lambda}>35 nm ripples. In another words, ripples in the long wavelength limit seems to be stable against ion-sputtering. A qualitative comparison of our simulation results with recent experimental data on nanopatterning under irradiation is attempted.

Suele, P. [Research Institute for Technical Physics and Materials Science, Konkoly Thege u. 29-33, 1125 Budapest (Hungary); Heinig, K.-H. [Institute of Ion Beam Physics and Materials Research, Forschungszentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, P.O. Box 51 01 19, 01314 Dresden (Germany)

2009-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

482

Analysis of SPR salt cavern remedial leach program 2013.  

SciTech Connect

The storage caverns of the US Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) exhibit creep behavior resulting in reduction of storage capacity over time. Maintenance of oil storage capacity requires periodic controlled leaching named remedial leach. The 30 MMB sale in summer 2011 provided space available to facilitate leaching operations. The objective of this report is to present the results and analyses of remedial leach activity at the SPR following the 2011 sale until mid-January 2013. This report focuses on caverns BH101, BH104, WH105 and WH106. Three of the four hanging strings were damaged resulting in deviations from normal leach patterns; however, the deviations did not affect the immediate geomechanical stability of the caverns. Significant leaching occurred in the toes of the caverns likely decreasing the number of available drawdowns until P/D ratio criteria are met. SANSMIC shows good agreement with sonar data and reasonably predicted the location and size of the enhanced leaching region resulting from string breakage.

Weber, Paula D.; Gutierrez, Karen A.; Lord, David L.; Rudeen, David Keith [GRAM, Inc., Albuquerque, NM

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Kinetic and Thermodynamic Investigation of Hydrogen Release from Ethane 1,2-di-amineborane  

SciTech Connect

The thermodynamics and kinetics of hydrogen (H2) release from ethane 1,2-di-amineborane (EDAB, BH3NH2CH2CH2NH2BH3) were measured using Calvet and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), pressure-composition isotherms, and volumetric gas-burette experiments. The results presented here indicate that EDAB releases ~ 9 wt.% H2 at temperatures ranging from 100 C to 200 C in two moderately exothermic steps, approximately -101 kJ/mol H2 and -3.81 kJ/mol H2. Isothermal kinetic analysis shows that EDAB is more stable than ammonia borane (AB) at temperatures lower than 100C; however, the rates of hydrogen release are faster for EDAB than for AB at temperatures higher than 120C. In addition, no volatile impurities in the H2 released by EDAB were detected by mass spectrometry upon heating with 1C/min to 200C in a calorimeter.

Neiner, Doinita; Karkamkar, Abhijeet J.; Bowden, Mark; Choi, Young Joon; Luedtke, Avery T.; Holladay, Jamelyn D.; Fisher, Allison M.; Szymczak, Nathaniel; Autrey, Thomas

2011-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

484

Dark matter haloes determine the masses of supermassive black holes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The energy and momentum deposited by the radiation from accretion onto the supermassive black holes (BHs) that reside at the centres of virtually all galaxies can halt or even reverse gas inflow, providing a natural mechanism for supermassive BHs to regulate their growth and to couple their properties to those of their host galaxies. However, it remains unclear whether this self-regulation occurs on the scale at which the BH is gravitationally dominant, on that of the stellar bulge, the galaxy, or that of the entire dark matter halo. To answer this question, we use self-consistent simulations of the co-evolution of the BH and galaxy populations that reproduce the observed correlations between the masses of the BHs and the properties of their host galaxies. We first confirm unambiguously that the BHs regulate their growth: the amount of energy that the BHs inject into their surroundings remains unchanged when the fraction of the accreted rest mass energy that is injected, is varied by four orders of magnitude....

Booth, C M

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

THE LOW-MASS, HIGHLY ACCRETING BLACK HOLE ASSOCIATED WITH THE ACTIVE GALACTIC NUCLEUS 2XMM J123103.2+110648  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Optical spectra and images taken with the Baade 6.5 m Magellan telescope confirm that 2XMM J123103.2+110648, a highly variable X-ray source with an unusually soft spectrum, is indeed associated with a type 2 (narrow-line) active nucleus at a redshift of z = 0.11871. The absence of broad H{alpha} or H{beta} emission in an otherwise X-ray unabsorbed source suggests that it intrinsically lacks a broad-line region. If, as in other active galaxies, the ionized gas and stars in J1231+1106 are in approximate virial equilibrium, and the M{sub BH} - {sigma}{sub *} relation holds, the exceptionally small velocity dispersion of {sigma} = 33.5 km s{sup -1} for [O III] {lambda}5007 implies that M{sub BH} Almost-Equal-To 10{sup 5} M{sub Sun }, among the lowest ever detected. Such a low black hole mass is consistent with the general characteristics of the host, a small, low-luminosity, low-mass disk galaxy. We estimate the Eddington ratio of the black hole to be {approx}>0.5, in good agreement with expectations based on the X-ray properties of the source.

Ho, Luis C.; Kim, Minjin [Observatories of the Carnegie Institution for Science, 813 Santa Barbara Street, Pasadena, CA 91101 (United States); Terashima, Yuichi [Department of Physics, Ehime University, Matsuyama, Ehime 790-8577 (Japan)

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Probing the origin of the iron K_alpha line around stellar and supermassive black holes using X-ray polarimetry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Asymmetric, broad iron lines are a common feature in the X-ray spectra of both X-ray binaries (XRBs) and type-1 Active Galactic Nuclei (AGN). It was suggested that the distortion of the Fe K_alpha emission results from Doppler and relativistic effects affecting the radiative transfer close to the strong gravitational well of the central compact object: a stellar mass black hole (BH) or neutron star (NS) in the case of XRBs, or a super massive black hole (SMBH) in the case of AGN. However, alternative approaches based on reprocessing and transmission of radiation through surrounding media also attempt to explain the line broadening. So far, spectroscopic and timing analyzes have not yet convinced the whole community to discriminate between the two scenarios. Here we study to which extent X-ray polarimetric measurements of black hole X-ray binaries (BHXRBs) and type-1 AGN could help to identify the possible origin of the line distortion. To do so, we report on recent simulations obtained for the two BH flavors and show that the proposed scenarios are found to behave differently in polarization degree and polarization angle. A relativistic origin for the distortion is found to be more probable in the context of BHXRBs, supporting the idea that the same mechanism should lead the way also for AGN. We show that the discriminating polarization signal could have been detectable by several X-ray polarimetry missions proposed in the past.

Frederic Marin; Francesco Tamborra

2013-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

487

Transport Phenomena and Interfacial Kinetics in Planar Microfluidic Membraneless Fuel Cells  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Our work is focused on membraneless laminar flow fuel cells, an unconventional fuel cell technology, intended to create a system that not only avoids most typical fuel cell drawbacks, but also achieves the highest power density yet recorded for a non-H{sub 2} fuel cell. We have employed rigorous electrochemistry to characterize the high-energy- density fuel BH4-, providing important mechanistic insight for anode catalyst choice and avoiding deleterious side reactions. Numerous fuel cell oxidants, used in place of O{sub 2}, are compared in a detailed, uniform manner, and a powerful new oxidant, cerium ammonium nitrate (CAN), is described. The high-voltage BH{sub 4}{sup -}/CAN fuel/oxidant combination is employed in a membraneless, room temperature, laminar-flow fuel cell, with herringbone micromixers which provide chaotic-convective flow which, in turn, enhances both the power output and efficiency of the device. We have also been involved in the design of a scaled-up version of the membraneless laminar flow fuel cell intended to provide a 10W output.

Abruna, Hector Daniel [Cornell University

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

A Simple test for the existence of two accretion modes in active galactic nuclei  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

By analogy to the different accretion states observed in black-hole X-ray binaries (BHXBs), it appears plausible that accretion disks in active galactic nuclei (AGN) undergo a state transition between a radiatively efficient and inefficient accretion flow. If the radiative efficiency changes at some critical accretion rate, there will be a change in the distribution of black hole masses and bolometric luminosities at the corresponding transition luminosity. To test this prediction, the author considers the joint distribution of AGN black hole masses and bolometric luminosities for a sample taken from the literature. The small number of objects with low Eddington-scaled accretion rates m < 0.01 and black hole masses M{sub BH} < 10{sup 9} M{sub {circle_dot}} constitutes tentative evidence for the existence of such a transition in AGN. Selection effects, in particular those associated with flux-limited samples, systematically exclude objects in particular regions of the (M{sub BH}, L{sub bol}) plane. Therefore, they require particular attention in the analysis of distributions of black hole mass, bolometric luminosity, and derived quantities like the accretion rate. The author suggests further observational tests of the BHXB-AGN unification scheme which are based on the jet domination of the energy output of BHXBs in the hard state, and on the possible equivalence of BHXB in the very high (or steep power-law) state showing ejections and efficiently accreting quasars and radio galaxies with powerful radio jets.

Jester, Sebastian; /Fermilab

2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z