Sample records for rica bh belize

  1. Belize-Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Belize-Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap and Strategy Jump to: navigation, search Name Belize-Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap and...

  2. The Ceramics of Kichpanha, Northern Belize

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reese, Kathryn Victoria

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    :variety-mode study and a petrographic analysis of the ceramic assemblage from Kichpanha, a Maya settlement in Northern Belize, is herein presented. The objective of the type:variety-mode study is to provide a ceramic chronology for the site and a means of inter... identifiable sherds from the Preclassic complexes. The primary research focus of the petrographic analysis is to define quantifiable paste classification categories for the Preclassic. The paste classes and the type:variety-mode classes are compared...

  3. The Coffeeness of Costa Rica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rausch, Lisa

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Costa Rica is a place that has come to be associated with coffee. The coffeeness of Costa Rica is possible due to a unique combination of physical and social elements, and elements of culture and meaning that have been pulled together in Costa Rica...

  4. Special education in Costa Rica 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stough, Laura

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and integrated into the very fabric of the Costa Rican educational system. REFERENCES Asamblea Legislativa de Costa Rica [Legislative Assembly of Costa Rica]. (2007). Ley 8661 de aprobacio´n y ratificacio´n de la Convencio´n Internacional de los Derechos de las...

  5. Special education in Costa Rica 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stough, Laura

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and integrated into the very fabric of the Costa Rican educational system. REFERENCES Asamblea Legislativa de Costa Rica [Legislative Assembly of Costa Rica]. (2007). Ley 8661 de aprobacio´n y ratificacio´n de la Convencio´n Internacional de los Derechos de las...

  6. Special education in Costa Rica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stough, Laura

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    y evolucio´n [Special education in Costa Rica: Fundamentals and development]. Costa Rica: EUNED. Ministerio de Educacio´n Pu´blica. (2010). Bolet?´n 05-10: Adecua- ciones curriculares en educacio´n tradicional 2009 [Curricular modifications...

  7. Special education in Costa Rica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stough, Laura

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    y evolucio´n [Special education in Costa Rica: Fundamentals and development]. Costa Rica: EUNED. Ministerio de Educacio´n Pu´blica. (2010). Bolet?´n 05-10: Adecua- ciones curriculares en educacio´n tradicional 2009 [Curricular modifications...

  8. Notes on the History and Morphosyntactic Characteristics of Spanish in Northern Belize

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Balam, Osmer

    2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -Chloros (2007). Compound Verbs in Code-switching: Bilinguals Making Do? International Journal of Bilingualism 11: 73–91. Escobar, Anna María (2010). El español de los Estados Unidos. In José I. Hualde, Antxon Olarrea, Anna M. Escobar & Catherine E. Travis (eds..., Timothy W. (1996). The influence of English on the Spanish language of Belize, in M. D. Phillips (ed.), Belize: Selected Proceedings from the Second Interdisciplinary Conference. Lanham, MD, University Press of America. 131-142. Holm, John (1989). Pidgins...

  9. Quasielastic neutron scattering of -NH3 and -BH3 rotational dynamics...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Quasielastic neutron scattering of -NH3 and -BH3 rotational dynamics in orthorhombic ammonia borane. Quasielastic neutron scattering of -NH3 and -BH3 rotational dynamics in...

  10. Pollen from Laguna Verde, Blue Creek, Belize: Implications for Paleoecology, Paleoethnobotany, Agriculture, and Human Settlement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morse, Mckenzie

    2010-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

    includes a small part of southern Campeche and the northeastern corner of Pet?n, though the Maya Research Program permit area is confined to the country of Belize. Geological origins and topographic features are shared throughout the Three Rivers Region...:99, 218). Some ceramics picture the taking of ceremonial enemas, and glyphs indicate that the liquid injected may have been the intoxicating fermented agave beverage, chih (Coe 2005:219). At Calakmul, Campeche, 18 the royal corpse of kind ?Fiery...

  11. Sedimentology and Holocene stratigraphy of a carbonate mangrove buildup, Twin Cays, Belize, Central America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bond, Gregor Benton

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    SEDIMENTOLOGY AND HOLOCENE STRATIGRAPHY OF A CARBONATE MANGROVE BUILDUP, TWIN CAYS, BELIZZ, CENTRAL AMERICA A Thesis by GREGOR BENTON BOND Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... of the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December l988 Major Subject; Geology SEDIMENTOLOGY AND HOLOCENE STRATIGRAPHY OP A CARBONATE MANGROVE BUILDUP, TWIN CAYS, BELIZE, CENTRAL AMERICA A Thesis by GREGOR BENTON BOND Approved as to style and content by: Anne...

  12. Approved Module Information for BH3328, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Psychology and Work Module Code: BH3328

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neirotti, Juan Pablo

    Approved Module Information for BH3328, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Psychology and Work Module Code Module Management Information Module Leader Name Alison Legood Email Address a.legood2@aston.ac.uk Telephone Number 0121 204 3270 Office SW8018 Additional Module Tutor(s): Dhensa-Kahlon. Level Description

  13. Approved Module Information for BH2239, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Psychology and Work Module Code: BH2239

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neirotti, Juan Pablo

    Approved Module Information for BH2239, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Psychology and Work Module Code Module Management Information Module Leader Name Alison Legood Email Address a.legood2@aston.ac.uk Telephone Number 0121 204 3270 Office SW8018 Additional Module Tutor(s): Dhensa-Kahlon. Level Description

  14. Maps of Costa Rica; an annotated cartobibliography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palmerlee, Albert E.

    1965-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Berggruppen Buena Vista und Chirripó, sowie der anliegen den Thäler auf dem südwestlichen Abhang der Republik Costa Rica. Entworfen von Prof. H. Pittier, Direktor des Physikalisch-geographi schen Instituts von Costa Rica. 1891. Red. v. Dr. B. Hassenstein.... Jahrgang 1892, Tafel 1. In P'etermanns geographische mitteilungen. Gotha. 1892. fold. pi. facing p. 16. KU LC DS-124 34 PITTIER, HENRY FRANÇOIS, 1857-1950 Mapa de los cerros Buena Vista y Chirripó y de los valles adyacentes, en la vertiente suroeste...

  15. In-silico and in-vitro elucidation of BH3 binding specificity towards Bcl-2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    London, Nir

    Interactions between Bcl-2-like proteins and BH3 domains play a key role in the regulation of apoptosis. Despite the overall structural similarity of their interaction with helical BH3 domains, Bcl-2-like proteins exhibit ...

  16. A functional analysis of two lithic tool collections from Colha, Belize

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nash, Michael Anthony

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    56 74 83 86 vi i i LIST OF FIGURES Figure 1. The Maya Area . . . . . . . ~ . . . . . . . . . . . Figure 2. Northern Bel i ze Figure 3. Maya Lithic Forms of Northern Belize Figure 4. Operation 2011, Suboperations I, 2, and 14 page 5 11 25... 20 IOOX LOWL A ND S BECAN cE Roe Ie COLM' 18 ~LENOUE UAXACT PIEDITAS NESNAS TIX4L ~ 16 l6 G g I I I 1 I ~ KAMIHALJUYU I, C0 PAN 90 ee Figure 1: The Maya Area calendar, a ritual game played with a rubber ball on an oval court...

  17. Ionic conductivity and the formation of cubic CaH{sub 2} in the LiBH{sub 4}–Ca(BH{sub 4}){sub 2} composite

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sveinbjörnsson, Dadi; Blanchard, Didier [Department of Energy Conversion and Storage, Technical University of Denmark, Frederiksborgvej 399, P.O. Box 49, DK-4000 Roskilde (Denmark); Myrdal, Jon Steinar Gardarsson [Department of Energy Conversion and Storage, Technical University of Denmark, Frederiksborgvej 399, P.O. Box 49, DK-4000 Roskilde (Denmark); Center for Atomic-Scale Materials Design, Department of Physics, Technical University of Denmark, Anker Engelunds Vej 1, DK-2800 Lyngby (Denmark); Younesi, Reza; Viskinde, Rasmus [Department of Energy Conversion and Storage, Technical University of Denmark, Frederiksborgvej 399, P.O. Box 49, DK-4000 Roskilde (Denmark); Riktor, Marit Dalseth [Physics Department, Institute for Energy Technology, Instituttveien 18, P.O. Box 40, NO-2027 Kjeller (Norway); Norby, Poul [Department of Energy Conversion and Storage, Technical University of Denmark, Frederiksborgvej 399, P.O. Box 49, DK-4000 Roskilde (Denmark); Vegge, Tejs, E-mail: teve@dtu.dk [Department of Energy Conversion and Storage, Technical University of Denmark, Frederiksborgvej 399, P.O. Box 49, DK-4000 Roskilde (Denmark)

    2014-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    LiBH{sub 4}–Ca(BH{sub 4}){sub 2} composites were prepared by ball milling. Their crystal structures and phase composition were investigated using synchrotron X-ray diffraction and Rietveld refinement, and their ionic conductivity was measured using impedance spectroscopy. The materials were found to form a physical mixture. The composites were composed of ?-Ca(BH{sub 4}){sub 2}, ?-Ca(BH{sub 4}){sub 2} and orthorhombic LiBH{sub 4}, and the relative phase quantities of the Ca(BH{sub 4}){sub 2} polymorphs varied significantly with LiBH{sub 4} content. The formation of small amounts of orthorhombic CaH{sub 2} and cubic CaH{sub 2} in a CaF{sub 2}-like structure was observed upon heat treatment. Concurrent formation of elemental boron may also occur. The ionic conductivity of the composites was measured using impedance spectroscopy, and was found to be lower than that of ball milled LiBH{sub 4}. Electronic band structure calculations indicate that cubic CaH{sub 2} with hydrogen defects is electronically conducting. Its formation along with the possible precipitation of boron therefore has an effect on the measured conductivity of the LiBH{sub 4}–Ca(BH{sub 4}){sub 2} composites and may increase the risk of an internal short-circuit in the cells. -- Graphical abstract: An Arrhenius plot of the ionic conductivity of the LiBH{sub 4}–Ca(BH{sub 4}){sub 2} composites (red, blue, green). The ionic conductivity of ball milled (gray) and non-milled (black) LiBH{sub 4} is shown for comparison. The filled symbols are measured during heating runs and the empty symbols are measured during subsequent cooling runs. The conductivity of the composites is in all cases higher during cooling, most probably due to the formation of an electronically conducting layer containing defect-rich cubic CaH{sub 2}. Such layer formation could eventually lead to a short circuit in the cell and reveals a general issue of chemical stability that should be attended to in the development of solid electrolyte materials. Highlights: • The LiBH{sub 4}–Ca(BH{sub 4}){sub 2} composite forms a physical mixture rather than a solid solution. • The formation of defect-rich, cubic CaH{sub 2} in a CaF{sub 2}-like structure is observed. • A new layer containing cubic CaH{sub 2} is conducting and may lead to a short-circuit.

  18. Costa Rica-Mitigation of Greenhouse Gas Emissions through Avoided...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Value Areas Jump to: navigation, search Name Costa Rica-Mitigation of Greenhouse Gas Emissions through Avoided Deforestation of Tropical Rainforests on Privately-owned Lands in...

  19. Hydrogen Storage Properties of New Hydrogen-Rich BH3NH3-Metal...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Storage Properties of New Hydrogen-Rich BH3NH3-Metal Hydride (TiH2, ZrH2, MgH2, andor CaH2) Composite Systems. Hydrogen Storage Properties of New Hydrogen-Rich BH3NH3-Metal...

  20. A description and analysis of Early Postclassic lithic technology at Colha, Belize

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michaels, George Hubert

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in Mesoamerica South- South- Neso- Ama- east west aaa. rica Chibcha Andes zonia cultivation ceramics corn beans squash human sacrifice potato blowgun head trophies cannibalism confession cultivation by men stone or clay const. sandals cotton... which determine the environment of Meso- america are the physiography and the climate. These factors in turn affect the forms and types of ecosystems of which the present and past human inhabitants of the region are/were a part. Physiographically...

  1. Clave de campo para los murciélagos de Costa Rica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Timm, Robert M.; LaVal, Richard K.; Rodrí guez-Herrera, Bernal

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Costa Rica has an extremely diverse bat fauna with 109 species recorded from the country to date. The diversity of bats at a given locality can be high with 71 species known from the La Selva Biological Station in the ...

  2. Solid-State Hydriding Mechanism in the LiBH4 + MgH2 System. ...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The LiBH4+MgH2 system has great potential in reversible hydrogen storage for fuel cell vehicles. However, it has always been dehydrogenated and re-hydrogenated in the liquid...

  3. Nicholson & Sahay Software Exports Development in Costa Rica Proceedings of the 9th

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sahay, Sundeep

    Nicholson & Sahay Software Exports Development in Costa Rica Proceedings of the 9th International Exports Development in Costa Rica: Contradictions and the Potential for Change Brian Nicholson Manchester exports development. Academic and practitioner frameworks have emerged to guide policymakers

  4. AGRARIAN CHANGE, AGROECOLOGICAL TRANSFORMATION AND THE COFFEE CRISIS IN COSTA RICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Babin, Nicholas Lawrence

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    curves. Average cost of agrochemicals in Costa Rica, 2006-6.5. Average cost of agrochemicals in Costa Rica, 2006-2008.on tools, machinery or agrochemicals. As coffee prices

  5. UPWELLING IN THE COSTA RICA DOME BY KLAUS WYRTKI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . This current, the Costa Rica Coastal Current, and parts of the North Equatorial Current form a cyclonic circu'the horizontal circula~ion. The upwelling in the dome is caused by the cyclonic flow around the dome. When survey a deep-reaching" eddy transporting lOX 1018 cm.a/sec. "appeared to be separated and to drift north

  6. REVERSIBLE HYDROGEN STORAGE IN A LiBH{sub 4}-C{sub 60} NANOCOMPOSITE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Teprovich, J.; Zidan, R.; Peters, B.; Wheeler, J.

    2013-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Reversible hydrogen storage in a LiBH{sub 4}:C{sub 60} nanocomposite (70:30 wt. %) synthesized by solvent-assisted mixing has been demonstrated. During the solvent-assisted mixing and nanocomposite formation, a chemical reaction occurs in which the C{sub 60} cages are significantly modified by polymerization as well as by hydrogenation (fullerane formation) in the presence of LiBH{sub 4}. We have determined that two distinct hydrogen desorption events are observed upon rehydrogenation of the material, which are attributed to the reversible formation of a fullerane (C{sub 60}H{sub x}) as well as a LiBH4 species. This system is unique in that the carbon species (C{sub 60}) actively participates in the hydrogen storage process which differs from the common practice of melt infiltration of high surface area carbon materials with LiBH{sub 4} (nanoconfinment effect). This nanocomposite demonstrated good reversible hydrogen storage properties as well as the ability to absorb hydrogen under mild conditions (pressures as low as 10 bar H{sub 2} or temperatures as low as 150?C). The nanocomposite was characterized by TGA-RGA, DSC, XRD, LDI-TOF-MS, FTIR, 1H NMR, and APPI MS.

  7. BH-2 Mainframe Chassis 65-0200 IP-2 Iontophoresis Pump Module 65-0203

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    BH-2 Mainframe Chassis 65-0200 IP-2 Iontophoresis Pump Module 65-0203 PPM-2 Pneumatic Pump Module Module ..............6 MS-2 Power Supply ..........................................6 IP-2 Pump Module ..............................................7-8 PPM-2 Pneumatic Pump Module ..........................9 Recommended Setup Procedure

  8. Parameter Estimation of Gravitational Waves from Precessing BH-NS Inspirals with higher harmonics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. O'Shaughnessy; B. Farr; E. Ochsner; H. S. Cho; V. Raymond; C. Kim; C. H. Lee

    2014-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Precessing black hole-neutron star (BH-NS) binaries produce a rich gravitational wave signal, encoding the binary's nature and inspiral kinematics. Using the lalinference\\_mcmc Markov-chain Monte Carlo parameter estimation code, we use two fiducial examples to illustrate how the geometry and kinematics are encoded into the modulated gravitational wave signal, using coordinates well-adapted to precession. Even for precessing binaries, we show the performance of detailed parameter estimation can be estimated by "effective" estimates: comparisons of a prototype signal with its nearest neighbors, adopting a fixed sky location and idealized two-detector network. We use detailed and effective approaches to show higher harmonics provide nonzero but small local improvement when estimating the parameters of precessing BH-NS binaries. That said, we show higher harmonics can improve parameter estimation accuracy for precessing binaries ruling out approximately-degenerate source orientations. Our work illustrates quantities gravitational wave measurements can provide, such as reliable component masses and the precise orientation of a precessing short gamma ray burst progenitor relative to the line of sight. "Effective" estimates may provide a simple way to estimate trends in the performance of parameter estimation for generic precessing BH-NS binaries in next-generation detectors. For example, our results suggest that the orbital chirp rate, precession rate, and precession geometry are roughly-independent observables, defining natural variables to organize correlations in the high-dimensional BH-NS binary parameter space.

  9. XRF 100316D / SN 2010bh and the Nature of Gamma Ray Burst Supernovae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cano, Z; Guidorzi, C; Kobayashi, S; Levan, A J; Tanvir, N R; Wiersema, K; D'Avanzo, P; Fruchter, A S; Garnavich, P; Gomboc, A; Gorosabel, J; Kasen, D; Kopac, D; Margutti, R; Mazzali, P A; Melandri, A; Mundell, C G; Nugent, P E; Pian, E; Smith, R J; Steele, I; Wijers, R A M J; Woosley, S E

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present ground-based and HST optical and infrared observations of XRF 100316D / SN 2010bh. It is seen that the optical light curves of SN 2010bh evolve at a faster rate than the archetype GRB-SN 1998bw, but at a similar rate to SN 2006aj, a supernova that was spectroscopically linked with XRF 060218, and at a similar rate to non-GRB associated type Ic SN 1994I. We estimate the rest-frame extinction of this event from our optical data to be E(B-V)=0.18 +/- 0.08 mag. We find the V-band absolute magnitude of SN 2010bh to be M_{V}=-18.62 +/- 0.08, which is the faintest peak V-band magnitude observed to-date for a spectroscopically-confirmed GRB-SNe. When we investigate the origin of the flux at t-t_{o}=0.598 days, it is shown that the light is not synchrotron in origin, but is likely coming from the supernova shock break-out. We then use our optical and infrared data to create a quasi-bolometric light curve of SN 2010bh which we model with a simple analytical formula. The results of our modeling imply that SN ...

  10. Costa Rica-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Rica-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model AgencyCompany Organization World Watch Institute Sector Energy Focus Area Renewable Energy Topics Background...

  11. Farmer involvement in a reforestation research project in Costa Rica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toness, Anna Sutherland

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Research Project In Costa Rica Anna Sutherland Toness INTRODVCTION Widespread concern has risen in recent years over the increasing amount of deforestation in the tropics (Armis, 1992; Southgate et al. , 1991; Myers, 1991; Clay, 1988). Deforestation.... Citations follow the style of International Forestry Deforestation in tropical areas is also potentially more dangerous than in temperate forests. Tropical soils being much older and more highly weathered than temperate soils, no longer have the nutrient...

  12. Le Costa Rica en un clin d'oeil !

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Montréal, Université de

    ) Maîtrise Maestria (2 ans) Doctorat Doctorado (3 à 4 ans) CR�DITS Il faut souvent regarder le nombre d'Amérique centrale, pionnier de l'écotourisme. Il possède une flore et faune exceptionnelles (6% de la biodiversité mondiale s'y trouve). Le Costa Rica est aussi «un pays neutre»:il est le premier pays à avoir consti

  13. Sustainable Development in Costa Rica: A Moral Geography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herrera Rodriguez, Mauricio

    2008-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

    for Urban Sustainable Development RCFU: Regulation for the Control of Urbanizations SFS: School for Field Studies SINAC: National System of Conservation Areas TSE: Supreme Electoral Court UCR: University of Costa Rica UN: United Nations UNA: National... obstacles in doing so. First of all, the neoliberal establishment controls the overwhelming majority of mass media and thus minimizes the possibilities for public 8 reflection upon these and other emergent proposals. Hence, the political movements...

  14. DESALINEACIN ELECTORAL Y NUEVOS ESCENARIOS POLTICOS. UN ESTUDIO COMPARADO SOBRE LOS CASOS DE COLOMBIA, COSTA RICA Y URUGUAY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    COLOMBIA, COSTA RICA Y URUGUAY Enrico GIACOMETTI SARTHOU Universidad de Salamanca giacometti estudiar estos procesos de cambio, los casos escogidos serán Costa Rica, Colombia y Uruguay. Palabras Clave

  15. Development of bulk-type all-solid-state lithium-sulfur battery using LiBH{sub 4} electrolyte

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Unemoto, Atsushi, E-mail: unemoto@imr.tohoku.ac.jp; Ikeshoji, Tamio [WPI-Advanced Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, 2-1-1 Katahira, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); Yasaku, Syun; Matsuo, Motoaki [Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, 2-1-1 Katahira, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); Nogami, Genki; Tazawa, Masaru; Taniguchi, Mitsugu [Mitsubishi Gas Chemicals Co., Ltd., 182 Tayuhama Shinwari, Kita-ku, Niigata 950-3112 (Japan); Orimo, Shin-ichi [WPI-Advanced Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, 2-1-1 Katahira, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, 2-1-1 Katahira, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan)

    2014-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Stable battery operation of a bulk-type all-solid-state lithium-sulfur battery was demonstrated by using a LiBH{sub 4} electrolyte. The electrochemical activity of insulating elemental sulfur as the positive electrode was enhanced by the mutual dispersion of elemental sulfur and carbon in the composite powders. Subsequently, a tight interface between the sulfur-carbon composite and the LiBH{sub 4} powders was manifested only by cold-pressing owing to the highly deformable nature of the LiBH{sub 4} electrolyte. The high reducing ability of LiBH{sub 4} allows using the use of a Li negative electrode that enhances the energy density. The results demonstrate the interface modification of insulating sulfur and the architecture of an all-solid-state Li-S battery configuration with high energy density.

  16. Termination of star formation by BH feedback in equal- and unequal-mass mergers of disk and elliptical galaxies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peter H. Johansson; Thorsten Naab; Andreas Burkert

    2008-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

    We present binary galaxy merger simulations of gas-rich disks (Sp-Sp), of early-type galaxies and disks (E-Sp, mixed mergers), and mergers of early-type galaxies (E-E, dry mergers) with varying mass ratios and different progenitor morphologies. The simulations include radiative cooling, star formation and black hole (BH) accretion and the associated feedback processes. We find for Sp-Sp mergers, that the peak star formation rate and BH accretion rate decrease and the growth timescales of the central black holes and newly formed stars increase with higher progenitor mass ratios. The termination of star formation by BH feedback in disk mergers is significantly less important for higher progenitor mass ratios (e.g. 3:1 and higher). In addition, the inclusion of BH feedback suppresses efficiently star formation in dry E-E mergers and mixed E-Sp mergers.

  17. HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT IN THE CONTEXT OF SOFTWARE EXPORTS: CASE EVIDENCE FROM COSTA RICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sahay, Sundeep

    HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT IN THE CONTEXT OF SOFTWARE EXPORTS: CASE EVIDENCE FROM COSTA RICA Brian identified as a catalyst to software industry and software exports development. Software development exports policy formulation. The complexities are highlighted through the case study of Costa Rica where

  18. Characterization of Throughfall Heterogeneity in a Tropical Pre-Montane Could Forest in Costa Rica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berger, Amelie Cecile

    2013-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

    CHARACTERIZATION OF THROUGHFALL HETEROGENEITY IN A TROPICAL PRE-MONTANE CLOUD FOREST IN COSTA RICA An Undergraduate Research Scholars Thesis by AMELIE CECILE BERGER Submitted to Honors and Undergraduate Research Texas A... .......................................................................................................4 Tropical forest hydrology ........................................................................................7 Study site: watershed near San Isidro, Costa Rica .................................................13 Quantification...

  19. Costa Rica-NREL Energy Activities | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovationinConcentratingEnergyCoosa ValleyCorsicanaproject (SmartCostRica

  20. COSMIC EVOLUTION OF BLACK HOLES AND SPHEROIDS. IV. THE M{sub BH}-L{sub sph} RELATION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bennert, Vardha Nicola; Treu, Tommaso; Le Bris, Alexandre; Auger, Matthew W. [Department of Physics, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106 (United States); Woo, Jong-Hak; Malkan, Matthew A. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 (United States); Gallagher, Sarah [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Western Ontario, 1151 Richmond Street, London, ON N6A 3K7 (Canada); Blandford, Roger D., E-mail: bennert@physics.ucsb.ed, E-mail: tt@physics.ucsb.ed, E-mail: mauger@physics.ucsb.ed, E-mail: woo@astro.ucla.ed, E-mail: malkan@astro.ucla.ed, E-mail: alexandrelebris@gmail.co, E-mail: sgalla4@uwo.c, E-mail: rdb@slac.stanford.ed [Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology, Stanford, CA 94305 (United States)

    2010-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

    From high-resolution images of 23 Seyfert-1 galaxies at z = 0.36 and z = 0.57 obtained with the Near-Infrared Camera and Multi-Object Spectrometer on board the Hubble Space Telescope (HST), we determine host-galaxy morphology, nuclear luminosity, total host-galaxy luminosity, and spheroid luminosity. Keck spectroscopy is used to estimate black hole mass (M{sub BH}). We study the cosmic evolution of the M{sub BH}-spheroid luminosity (L{sub sph}) relation. In combination with our previous work, totaling 40 Seyfert-1 galaxies, the covered range in BH mass is substantially increased, allowing us to determine for the first time intrinsic scatter and correct evolutionary trends for selection effects. We re-analyze archival HST images of 19 local reverberation-mapped active galaxies to match the procedure adopted at intermediate redshift. Correcting spheroid luminosity for passive luminosity evolution and taking into account selection effects, we determine that at fixed present-day V-band spheroid luminosity, M{sub BH}/L{sub sph} propor to(1 + z){sup 2.8+}-{sup 1.2}. When including a sample of 44 quasars out to z = 4.5 taken from the literature, with luminosity and BH mass corrected to a self-consistent calibration, we extend the BH mass range to over 2 orders of magnitude, resulting in M{sub BH}/L{sub sph} propor to(1 + z){sup 1.4+}-{sup 0.2}. The intrinsic scatter of the relation, assumed constant with redshift, is 0.3 +- 0.1 dex (<0.6 dex at 95% CL). The evolutionary trend suggests that BH growth precedes spheroid assembly. Interestingly, the M{sub BH}-total-host-galaxy-luminosity relation is apparently non-evolving. It hints at either a more fundamental relation or that the spheroid grows by a redistribution of stars. However, the high-z sample does not follow this relation, indicating that major mergers may play the dominant role in growing spheroids above z approx = 1.

  1. Experimental verification of the high pressure crystal structures in NH{sub 3}BH{sub 3}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huang, Yanping; Huang, Xiaoli; Zhao, Zhonglong; Li, Wenbo; Jiang, Shuqing; Duan, Defang; Bao, Kuo; Zhou, Qiang; Liu, Bingbing; Cui, Tian, E-mail: cuitian@jlu.edu.cn [State Key Laboratory of Superhard Materials, College of Physics, Jilin University, Changchun 130012 (China)

    2014-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

    A detailed high-pressure study on NH{sub 3}BH{sub 3} has been carried out using in situ synchrotron X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Raman scattering with a diamond anvil cell up to 20 and 33 GPa, respectively. The Rietveld refinement based on the XRD pattern and analysis of Raman data indicate two first-order phase transitions from the ambient pressure I4 mm structure (?-NH{sub 3}BH{sub 3}) to a high pressure Cmc2{sub 1} phase (?-NH{sub 3}BH{sub 3}) at 2.14 GPa, and further into a monoclinic P2{sub 1} (Z = 2) phase (?-NH{sub 3}BH{sub 3}) at 9.67 GPa. Fitting the measured volumetric compression data to the third order Birch-Murnaghan equation of state reveals a bulk modulus of B{sub 0} = 9.9 ± 0.5 and 17.0 ± 3.0 GPa (with fixed B{sub 0}{sup ?} = 4) for the ?-NH{sub 3}BH{sub 3} below and above 5 GPa, respectively. Still, with the splitting of the NBH rock mode in Raman experiment, it is concluded that a second-order isostructural phase transition occurs at 5 GPa. By analyzing the dihydrogen bonding framework, the origin of the isostructural phase transition is attributed to the number of dihydrogen bondings per molecule in the Cmc2{sub 1} phase increasing from 12 to 14 at 5 GPa.

  2. The Fast Evolution of SN 2010bh associated with XRF 100316D

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E., Felipe Olivares; Schady, Patricia; Rau, Arne; Klose, Sylvio; Krühler, Thomas; Afonso, Paulo M J; Updike, Adria C; Nardini, Marco; Filgas, Robert; Guelbenzu, Ana Nicuesa; Clemens, Christian; Elliott, Jonny; Kann, D Alexander; Rossi, Andrea; Sudilovsky, Vladimir

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    About a decade ago the first observational evidence of the connection between supernovae and gamma-ray bursts was found. Since then, only half a dozen spectroscopically confirmed associations have been discovered and XRF 100316D/SN 2010bh lies among the latest. Starting observations at 12 hr and continuing until 80 days after the burst, GROND provided excellent photometric data of XRF 100316D/SN 2010bh in six filter bands from the optical to the near-infrared, significantly expanding the existing data set for this event. Combining GROND and Swift/UVOT+XRT data, the early SED is modelled with a blackbody and afterglow component attenuated by dust and gas absorption. The best-fit models imply a moderate host-galaxy extinction (A_V=1.2\\pm0.1 mag). Furthermore, temperature and radius evolution of the thermal component are combined with earlier measurements available from the literature. The analysis reveals a cooling envelope at an apparent initial radius of 7\\times10^11 cm, compatible with a dense wind surroundi...

  3. Biased interface between solid ion conductor LiBH{sub 4} and lithium metal: A first principles molecular dynamics study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ikeshoji, Tamio [Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, 2-1-1 Katahira, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan) [Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, 2-1-1 Katahira, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); Nanosystem Research Institute, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), AIST Tsukuba Central 2, 1-1-1 Umezono, Tsukuba 305-8568 (Japan); Ando, Yasunobu; Otani, Minoru; Tsuchida, Eiji [Nanosystem Research Institute, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), AIST Tsukuba Central 2, 1-1-1 Umezono, Tsukuba 305-8568 (Japan)] [Nanosystem Research Institute, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), AIST Tsukuba Central 2, 1-1-1 Umezono, Tsukuba 305-8568 (Japan); Takagi, Shigeyuki; Matsuo, Motoaki [Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, 2-1-1 Katahira, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan)] [Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, 2-1-1 Katahira, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); Orimo, Shin-ichi [Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, 2-1-1 Katahira, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan) [Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, 2-1-1 Katahira, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan); WPI-Advanced Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, 2-1-1 Katahira, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan)

    2013-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

    We use first-principles molecular dynamics to study the electrochemical solid-solid interface between lithium metal and lithium electrolyte LiBH{sub 4}. An external bias is applied by using an effective screening medium. We observe large polarization in the LiBH{sub 4}, because the lithium cations in LiBH{sub 4} are shifted more on one side of the double-well potential of Li{sup +}. This results in a large potential drop in the interface region and a large double-layer capacity corresponding to ca. 70 ?F/cm{sup 2}. H-coordination to the Li atoms plays an important role in the charge-transfer reaction and ion transfer.

  4. Rediscovery, ecology, and identification of rare free-tailed bats (Chiroptera: Molossidae) in Costa Rica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pineda, Willy; Rodrí guez-Herrera, Bernal; Timm, Robert M.

    2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Five new specimens ofthe poorly known Sanborn's bonneted bat, Eumops hansae (Chiroptera: Molossidae), are reported for Costa Rica's central and northern Pacific lowlands based on a subadult male collected in 1990 and four ...

  5. Development of an Environmental Conscience: A Conservation History of Costa Rica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, Sterling

    1992-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Costa Rica proves to be an exemplary case study for the development of a national environmental conscience. This thesis examines what such a conscience entails, how it developed historically, hew it was tested and challenged, ...

  6. ENSEÑANZA DE INGLÉS COMO LENGUAJE EXTRANJERO (EILE) ENGLISH LANGUAGE ACQUISITION FOR ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS IN COSTA RICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nelson, Annabelle

    2011-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

    . The other noted in the databases was by Edwards (1994) regarding mathematics exploration in Logo. Therefore, the significance of the EILE project as a controlled research study for elementary students and secondary students in Costa Rica is important.... (1994). Mathematical explorations in Logo: Report of a pilot study from Costa Rica. Educational Technology, 34(5), 56-61. Fidaoui, D., Bahous, R., & Bacha, N.(2010). CALL in Lebanese elementary ESL writing Classrooms. Computer Assisted Language...

  7. Social Structure and Process of a Banana Plantation on the Pacific Coast of Costa Rica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Escobar, Francisco

    1975-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    KU ScholarWorks | The University of Kansas Central American Theses and Dissertations Collection Social Structure and Process of a Banana Plantation on the Pacific Coast of Costa Rica Professor in Charge Cesar X. Hernández Cela Committee Members E... Communications program at the University of Kansas Libraries’ Center for Digital Scholarship. http://kuscholarworks.ku.edu SOCIAL STRUCTURE AND PROCESS OF A BANANA PLANTATION ON THE PACIFIC COAST OF COSTA RICA by Francisco .Escobar A.B., University of...

  8. Synthesis and characterization of phosphine adducts of thorium borohydride, Crystal structures of Th(BH4)4(PEt3)2 and Th(BH4)4(Me2PCH2CH2PMe2)2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Girolami, Gregory S.

    Synthesis and characterization of phosphine adducts of thorium borohydride, Th(BH4)4 Crystal: Thorium Phosphine Trialkylphosphine Borohydride Tetrahydroborate Crystal structures a b s t r a c NMR spectroscopy. The results show that thorium complexes of unidentate phosphines can be made

  9. Journal of Power Sources 165 (2007) 509516 Direct NaBH4/H2O2 fuel cells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carroll, David L.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Journal of Power Sources 165 (2007) 509­516 Direct NaBH4/H2O2 fuel cells George H. Mileya,e,, Nie online 5 December 2006 Abstract A fuel cell (FC) using liquid fuel and oxidizer is under investigation. H Published by Elsevier B.V. Keywords: Fuel cell; Hydrogen peroxide; Regenerative fuel cell; Sodium

  10. A candidate LiBH4 for hydrogen storage: Crystal structures and reaction mechanisms of intermediate phases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goddard III, William A.

    combustion engine for transporta- tion. A hydrogen fuel cell car needs to store at least 4 kg hydrogenA candidate LiBH4 for hydrogen storage: Crystal structures and reaction mechanisms of intermediate phases Jeung Ku Kanga and Se Yun Kim Department of Materials Science and Engineering, KAIST, Daejeon 305

  11. Using laboratory flow experiments and reactive chemical transport modeling for designing waterflooding of the Agua Fria Reservoir, Poza Rica-Altamira Field, Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Birkle, P.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    development in Mexico,” Oilfield Review (Spring 2004) 48. 3.Poza Rica – Altamira oilfield forms part of the Chicontepecthe Poza Rica – Altamira oilfield, a total of 16,060 BPD (

  12. Reforestation using Leucaena Luecocephala, Anacardium Occidentale and Tectona Grandis for Paquera, Costa Rica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, Jane F

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    as representative of what an ideal country should be. Located between Nicaragua to the North and Panama to the South, (Figure 1) Costa Rica has had a longer history of democracy (over 100 years) than any other country in Central America and has become a haven... be applied because the Costa Rican constitution upholds the citizen's right to do whatever he pleases on his own land (15). figure 2 ])oforostation in Costa Rica: 1940-1)77 4I 0 4 PANAMA PA NAMA 0 V I IL 4 4 0 0 V U 4 IV 0 C 0 O 4J' 0...

  13. The Evolution of the M_BH-sigma relation Inferred from the Age Distribution of Local Early-Type Galaxies and AGN Evolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shankar, Francesco; Haiman, Zoltan

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We utilize the local velocity dispersion function (VDF) of spheroids, together with their inferred age--distributions, to predict the VDF at higher redshifts (01.3 excluded at the 99% confidence level. A direct match between the characteristic BH mass in the VDF--based and quasar LF--based BH mass functions also yields a mean Eddington ratio of lambda ~ 0.5-1 that is roughly constant within 00.23 for alpha>1.5. abridged

  14. Impacts of payments for environmental services on local development in northern Costa Rica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Impacts of payments for environmental services on local development in northern Costa Rica., Salinas Z., 2008. Impacts of payments for environmental services on local development in northern Costa mechanisms for forest environmental services are increasingly used for promoting environmental conservation

  15. Changing The Deforestation Impacts of Ecopayments: evolution (2000-2005) in Costa Rica's PSA program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pfaff, Alex

    Changing The Deforestation Impacts of Ecopayments: evolution (2000-2005) in Costa Rica's PSA a change in implementation changes impacts on deforestation. Examining the PSA forest-protection contracts have been deforested annually without payments. To first order, this matches the 1997-2000 findings

  16. RESEARCH AND PROGRAM HIGHLIGHTS In a recent trip to Costa Rica, Antnia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Monteiro, Antónia

    of entomology at the Peabody Museum of Natural History (YPM), and Xiaoling Tong, Postdoctoral Associate, worked Rica are some of the oldest suppliers. Monteiro and Tong visited two of the largest farms in the area released inside. The butterflies lay eggs and the larvae eat the food plants protected from most

  17. Seismic source mechanisms of tremor recorded on Arenal volcano, Costa Rica, retrieved by waveform inversion.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    1 Seismic source mechanisms of tremor recorded on Arenal volcano, Costa Rica, retrieved by waveform.M. Mora4 , G.J Soto.5 1 Seismology and Computational Rock Physics Laboratory, School of Geological performed for a common source location, the position of which was retrieved through the evaluation

  18. Interregional "Landscapes of Movement" and the La Unión Archaeological District of Northeastern Costa Rica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benfer, Adam Kevin

    2012-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    of its ecosystem, resulting in a palimpsest of information with voids caused by erosion and other geologic processes. Since footpath preservation is poor in most tropical environments, such as Costa Rica, a comprehensive road map of the past is not a...

  19. Inferred pore pressures at the Costa Rica subduction zone: implications for dewatering processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fisher, Andrew

    of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA c Department of Earth and Environmental Science, New Mexico Institute of Technology, Socorro, NM, USA d Bedford Institute of Oceanography, Dartmouth, NS, Canada Received 20 May 1999; accepted 8 February 2000 Abstract Drilling on Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) Leg 170, offshore Costa Rica

  20. Los Proyectos de La Gamba: Gender Issues in Rural Sustainable Development Projects in the Southern Zone of Costa Rica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cockrum, Thayne J.

    2001-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In 1992 at the United Nations Conference on the Environment and Development (UNCED), Costa Rica pledged to make a political commitment to incorporate the sustainability of the environment into the socioeconomic development ...

  1. XRF 100316D/SN 2010bh: clue to the diverse origin of nearby supernova-associated GRBs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fan, Yi-Zhong; Xu, Dong; Liang, En-Wei; Zhang, Bing

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    X-ray Flash (XRF) 100316D, a nearby super-long under-luminous burst with a peak energy E_p \\sim 20 keV, was detected by Swift and was found to be associated with an energetic supernova SN 2010bh. Both the spectral and the temporal behavior of this burst are rather similar to that of XRF 060218, except that the latter was associated with a "less energetic" SN 2006aj and had a prominent soft thermal emission component in the spectrum. We analyze the spectral and temporal properties of this burst, and interpret the prompt gamma-ray emission and the early X-ray plateau emission as synchrotron emission from a dissipating Poynting-flux-dominated outflow, probably powered by a magnetar with a spin period of $P \\sim 10$ ms and the polar cap magnetic field $B_{\\rm p} \\sim 3\\times 10^{15}$ G. The energetic supernova SN 2010bh associated with this burst is, however, difficult to interpret within the slow magnetar model, which implies that the nascent magnetar may spin much faster with an initial rotation period $\\sim 1$...

  2. Fish communities and environmental characteristics of two lowland streams in Costa Rica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burcham, Janet Kay

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    maximum temperatures in this stream are probably related to a more open r ipar ian canopy. The silt/clay substrate of the forest stream seemed to be a less suitable substrate for benthic invertebrates and periphyton than the gravel/cobble substrate... and families of benthic invertebrates sampled from leaf packs in the Sura and riff les in the Sabalo streams, Costa Rica 37 INTRODUCTION One approach ecologists use to under stand the mechanisms responsible for differences and similarities in structure...

  3. BWR - Spent Fuel Transport and Storage with the TN{sup TM}9/4 and TN{sup TM}24BH Casks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wattez, L. [COGEMA LOGISTICS - AREVA Group (France); Marguerat, Y. [BKW FMB Energy Ltd (Switzerland); Hoesli, C. [ZWILAG Zwischenlager Wuerenlingen AG (Switzerland)

    2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Swiss Nuclear Utilities have started in 2001 to store spent fuel in dry metallic dual-purpose casks at ZWILAG, the Swiss interim storage facility. BKW FMB Energy Ltd., the Muehleberg Nuclear Power Plant owner, is involved in this process and has elected to store its BWR spent fuel in a new high capacity dual-purpose cask, the TNeTeM24BH from the COGEMA Logistics/TRANSNUCLEAR TN{sup TM}24 family. The Muehleberg BWR spent fuels are transported by road in a medium size shuttle transport cask and then transferred to a heavy transport/storage cask (dry transfer) in the hot cell of ZWILAG site. For that purpose, COGEMA Logistics designed and supplied: - Two shuttle casks, TN{sup TM}9/4, mainly devoted to transport of spent fuel from Muehleberg NPP to ZWILAG. Licensed according to IAEA 1996, the TN{sup TM}9/4 is a 40 ton transport cask, for 7 BWR high bum-up spent fuel assemblies. - A series of new high capacity dual-purpose casks, TN{sup TM}24BH, holding 69 BWR spent fuels. Two transport campaigns took place in 2003 and 2004. For each campaign, ten TN{sup TM}9/4 round trips are performed, and one TN{sup TM}24BH is loaded. 5 additional TN{sup TM}24BH are being manufactured for BKW, and the next transport campaigns are scheduled from 2006. The TN{sup TM}24BH high capacity dual purpose cask and the TN{sup TM}9/4 transport cask characteristics and capabilities will then be detailed. (authors)

  4. Zoogeography and systematics of the shallow water echinodermata of Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pomory, Christopher Mark

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Guatemala Honduras Nicarag Cos Oo Jamaica Haiti Guadeloupe Oa Dominica ~Martinique tySt Lucia +Barbados @&~St- Vincent Gpr nada Tobago rinidad Belize Puerto Rico Curacao Aru 1 Bonaire a ~ ia a Rica Venezuela Panama Anguilla St. Martin...

  5. "La ciencia de materiales en la Universidad de Costa Rica y el caso de la investigacin en semiconductores

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Escolano, Francisco

    "La ciencia de materiales en la Universidad de Costa Rica y el caso de la investigación en semiconductores nanoestructurados" Impartido por: Arturo Ramírez Porras Centro de Investigación en Ciencia e Lugar: Biblioteca del Departamento de Química Física Facultad de Ciencias, Fase II (4ª Pta.) ABSTRACT Se

  6. The Distribution and Origin of Radon, CO2 and SO2 Gases at Arenal Volcano, Costa Rica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams-Jones, Glyn

    caracterización geoquímica pasiva y activa de volcanes con emisiones gaseosas. Técnicas como éstas pueden proveer emisión gaseosa del volcán Arenal, un pequeño estratovolcán en el noroeste de Costa Rica. Arenal, es uno gaseosas para Arenal. Los modelos espaciales y temporales de los gases de pluma y suelo observados, se

  7. Mass Measurements of AGN from Multi-Lorentzian Models of X-ray Variability. I. Sampling Effects in Theoretical Models of the rms^2-M_BH Correlation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin E. Pessah

    2006-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent X-ray variability studies suggest that the log of the square of the fractional rms variability amplitude, rms^2, seems to correlate with the log of the AGN black-hole mass, M_BH, with larger black holes being less variable for a fixed time interval. This has motivated the theoretical modeling of the rms^2-M_BH correlation with the aim of constraining AGN masses based on X-ray variability. A viable approach to addressing this problem is to assume an underlying power spectral density with a suitable mass dependence, derive the functional form of the rms^2-M_BH correlation for a given sampling pattern, and investigate whether the result is consistent with the observations. For simplicity, previous studies, inspired by the similarities shared by the timing properties of AGN and X-ray binaries, have explored model power spectral densities characterized by broken power laws. and ignored, in general, the distorting effects that the particular sampling pattern imprints in the observed power spectral density. Motivated by the latest timing results from X-ray binaries, obtained with RXTE, we propose that AGN broad-band noise spectra consist of a small number of Lorentzian components. This assumption allows, for the first time, to fully account for sampling effects in theoretical models of X-ray variability in an analytic manner. We show that, neglecting sampling effects when deriving the fractional rms from the model power spectral density can lead to underestimating it by a factor of up to 80% with respect to its true value for the typical sampling patterns used to monitor AGN. We discuss the implications of our results for the derivation of AGN masses using theoretical models of the rms^2-M_BH correlation. (Abridged)

  8. CALIBRATING STELLAR VELOCITY DISPERSIONS BASED ON SPATIALLY RESOLVED H-BAND SPECTRA FOR IMPROVING THE M{sub BH}-{sigma}{sub *} RELATION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kang, Wol-Rang; Woo, Jong-Hak; Park, Daeseong [Astronomy Program, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Seoul National University, 1 Gwanak-ro Gwanak-gu, Seoul, 151-742 (Korea, Republic of)] [Astronomy Program, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Seoul National University, 1 Gwanak-ro Gwanak-gu, Seoul, 151-742 (Korea, Republic of); Schulze, Andreas [Kavli Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Peking University, 100871 Beijing (China)] [Kavli Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Peking University, 100871 Beijing (China); Riechers, Dominik A. [Astronomy Department, Cornell University, 220 Space Science Building, Ithaca, NY 14853 (United States)] [Astronomy Department, Cornell University, 220 Space Science Building, Ithaca, NY 14853 (United States); Kim, Sang Chul [Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute, Daejeon 305-348 (Korea, Republic of)] [Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute, Daejeon 305-348 (Korea, Republic of); Smolcic, Vernesa, E-mail: woo@astro.snu.ac.kr [Physics Department, University of Zagreb, Bijenicka cesta 32, 10002 Zagreb (Croatia)] [Physics Department, University of Zagreb, Bijenicka cesta 32, 10002 Zagreb (Croatia)

    2013-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

    To calibrate stellar velocity dispersion measurements from optical and near-IR stellar lines, and to improve the black hole mass (M{sub BH})-stellar velocity dispersion ({sigma}{sub *}) relation, we measure {sigma}{sub *} based on high-quality H-band spectra for a sample of 31 nearby galaxies, for which dynamical M{sub BH} is available in the literature. By comparing velocity dispersions measured from stellar lines in the H-band with those measured from optical stellar lines, we find no significant difference, suggesting that optical and near-IR stellar lines represent the same kinematics and that dust effect is negligible for early-type galaxies. Based on the spatially resolved rotation and velocity dispersion measurements along the major axis of each galaxy, we find that a rotating stellar disk is present for 80% of galaxies in the sample. For galaxies with a rotation component, {sigma}{sub *} measured from a single aperture spectrum can vary by up to {approx}20%, depending on the size of the adopted extraction aperture. To correct for the rotational broadening, we derive luminosity-weighted {sigma}{sub *} within the effective radius of each galaxy, providing uniformly measured velocity dispersions to improve the M{sub BH}-{sigma}{sub *} relation.

  9. Coastal development decision-making in Costa Rica : the need for a new framework to balance socio-economic and environmental impacts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Esquivel, Maricarmen

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Costa Rica needs to pay attention to the rapid change that coastal regions have been undergoing as a result of tourism and real estate projects. Despite the economic benefits in terms of jobs and foreign investment, many ...

  10. Microsoft Word - Chacon bh

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Science Highlight - October 2014 Figure 1. Cartoon overview of the CusCBFA efflux pump in the periplasm. New Method Tracks Metal-ion Movement in Periplasmic Proteins Copper is an...

  11. Microsoft Word - Squid bh

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Figure 1. Measured and fit resonant XRR curves measured at 8000 eV and at energies near the Mn K edge (6556 eV) and Co K edge (7727 eV). Inset shows the RSM of the film and...

  12. Microsoft Word - Squid bh

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)Integrated Codes |IsLove Your1 SECTION A. Revised: April 3, 2014 1 of2P.O. BoxFigure

  13. Time-Resolved XAFS Spectroscopic Studies of B-H and N-H Oxidative Addition to Transition Metal Catalysts Relevant to Hydrogen Storage

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bitterwolf, Thomas E. [University of Idaho

    2014-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Successful catalytic dehydrogenation of aminoborane, H3NBH3, prompted questions as to the potential role of N-H oxidative addition in the mechanisms of these processes. N-H oxidative addition reactions are rare, and in all cases appear to involve initial dative bonding to the metal by the amine lone pairs followed by transfer of a proton to the basic metal. Aminoborane and its trimethylborane derivative block this mechanism and, in principle, should permit authentic N-H oxidative attrition to occur. Extensive experimental work failed to confirm this hypothesis. In all cases either B-H complexation or oxidative addition of solvent C-H bonds dominate the chemistry.

  14. Mammals of the La Selva–Braulio Carrillo Complex, Costa Rica.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Timm, Robert M.; Wilson, Don E.; Clauson, Barbara L.; LaVal, Richard K.; Vaughan, Christopher S.

    1989-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Resumen—El complejo La Selva-Braulio Carrillo de Costa Rica abarca un pasillo protejido de 60 kilómetros de bosque pluvial y selva nublada del Caribe. Extendiéndose desde 30 metros sobre el nivel del mar, en la Estación Biológica de La Selva, hasta 2,906 metros, en la cima del Volcán Barva. El compiejo de 52,000 hectáreas cubre cuatro zonas de vida y dos zonas de transición, incluyendo bosque húmedo tropical, bosque húmedo tropical con transición fría, bosque pluvial tropical pre-montano con transición húmeda, bosque pluvial pre-montano tropical, bosque pluvial montano-bajo, y bosque pluvial montano. Localizada en la parte noreste del país, el área es representativo de los bosques con pendiente de America Central y el Caribe que se extienden desde México hasta Panamá. La extensa gradientede este complejo brinda lugares protejidos para una variedad de migrantes altitudinales. Con el apoyo del National Geographic Society y Rice Foundation, la Organización de Estudios Tropicales organizó un estudio biológico del complejo a principios de 1986. El equipo trabajó en seis puntos de interés a lo largo del corte transversal de elevación establecido por la expedición: 300 m, 700 m, 1,000 m, 1,500 m, 2,050 m, y 2,600 m. Nosotros suplementamos nuestros archivos de colección con archivos inéditos puestos a la disposición por colegas, archivos en la literatura publicada, y especímenes en colecciones de museos. Además, se resumen las observaciones anotadas por una variedad de observadores en la Estación Biológica de La Selva. La fauna mamífera del complejo consiste de 143 especies incluyendo 79 murciélagos, 23 roedores, 16 carnívoros, 7 marsupiales, 6 edentatas, 4 artiodáctilos, 3 monos, 2 conejos, 2 musarañas, y 1 perisodáctilo. Es probable que por lo menos diez especies adicionales se encuentra allí. El único mamífero que probablemente fue extirpado de este área es el oso caballo. Reconociendo la importancia del área para animales y el género humano en general, el gobierno de Costa Rica añadió 13,500 hectáreas al complejo el 13 de Abril de 1986. Este área, previamente conocido como la "Zona Protectora," suministró el eslabón de la elevación media entre la tierra baja de la Estación Biológica de La Selva y el bosque Montano del Parque Nacional Braulio Carrillo. Desafortunadamente, la destrucción del bosque húmedo que circunda el complejo pronto se transformará en una isla aislada de bosque protejido. Así, el área se volverá cada vez más valiosa como refugio para muchas especies que necesitan espacios grandes en que el habitat no ha sido perturbado....Costa Rica's La Selva-Braulio Carrillo complex encompasses a 60-km protected corridor of Caribbean rain and cloud forest extending from 30 m at the La Selva Biological Station to 2,906 m at the top of Volcán Barva. The 52,000-ha complex covers four...

  15. SIT Workshops 1995 2011 Page 1 of 17

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gaithersburg, MD General Standards and Conformity Assessment Bolivia Colombia Ecuador Peru Venezuela 8. US and improving national standards information distribution. Argentina Brazil Bolivia Chile Costa Rica Ecuador El Barbados Belize Bolivia Chile Colombia Costa Rica Dominica Ecuador El Salvador Grenada Guatemala Guyana

  16. The banana industry in Costa Rica: the effects of a single European market for bananas in 1992

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Esquivel, Mario

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and to make available a broader base of common knowledge. Caaha Bim Costa Rica is a small country located in Central America between Panama and Nicaragua (10 degrees North Latitude and 84 degrees west longitude). It borders to the North with Nicaragua..., to the South with Panama, to the East with the Atlantic Ocean, and to the West with the Pacific Ocean (Figure 2). Its land area is 19, 730 square miles (51, 100 square kilometers) which is about the size of West Virginia. Its population was estimated...

  17. This is an electronic version of the article published as Napoleon, M.E. and King, B.H. 1999. Offspring sex ratio response to host size in the parasitoid wasp

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    King, Bethia H.

    29 This is an electronic version of the article published as Napoleon, M.E. and King, B.H. 1999 response to host size in the parasitoid wasp Spalangia endius M. E. Napoleon1 and B. H. King M.E. Napoleon1

  18. Land cover dynamics following a deforestation ban in northern Costa Rica This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text article.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    DeFries, Ruth S.

    Land cover dynamics following a deforestation ban in northern Costa Rica This article has been) 034017 (9pp) doi:10.1088/1748-9326/8/3/034017 Land cover dynamics following a deforestation ban.iop.org/ERL/8/034017 Abstract Forest protection policies potentially reduce deforestation and re

  19. Determination of structure and phase transition of light element nanocomposites in mesoporous silica: case study of NH3BH3 in MCM-41

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kim, Hyun Jeong; Karkamkar, Abhijeet J.; Autrey, Thomas; Chupas, Peter; Proffen, Thomas E.

    2009-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The structure of ammonia borane (AB), NH3BH3, infused in mesoporous silica MCM-41 and its evolution over the temperature range of 80 to 300 K was investigated using the atomic pair distribution function (PDF) analysis of synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction data in order to understand the origin of improved dehydrogenation properties of the system. Our study shows how X-ray PDF analysis can be used to elucidate the structure of light guest species loaded in mesoporous silica materials despite of its low scattering power of composed elements (N, B, and H) compared to its host (SiO2). PDF analyses of two AB-loaded compositions with weight ratio AB:MCM-41=1:1 and 3:1 provide a strong evidence that AB aggregate, previously found in AB:MCM-41?1:1 samples, is same species as neat AB. For both of them an orthorhombic to tetragonal structural phase transition occurs at 225 K on warming. On the other hand, AB residing inside meso-pores, which is found in AB:MCM-41=1:2 sample, does not undergo such phase transition. It rather stays in tetragonal phase over a wide temperature range of 110 to 240 K and starts to lose structural correlation above 240 K. This strongly suggests that nano-confinement of AB inside meso-pores stabilizes high temperature tetragonal phase at much lower temperature. These results provide important clues to two critical questions: why nan-compositions of AB leads dehydrogenation to lower temperature and why the neat AB like propoerties are recovered at high AB loading samples. This work was supported by the US Department of Energy Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Chemical Sciences program. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory is operated by Battelle for the US Department of Energy.

  20. Microsoft Word - Nitrogenase2015 bh

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    CO-binding to the Active Site of Nitrogenase All living organisms depend on the availability of nitrogen for incorporation into the basic biological building blocks such as...

  1. Microsoft Word - Nitrogenase2015 bh

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)Integrated Codes |IsLove Your1 SECTION A. Project0 FOIAneutronMeetingINLHanford

  2. Results of investigation at the Miravalles geothermal field, Costa Rica. Resultados de las investigaciones en el campo geotermico de Miravalles, Costa Rica; Parte 2, Muestreo de fluidos pozo abajo

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Grigsby, C.O.; Goff, F.; Trujillo, P.E. Jr.; Counce, D.A.; Dennis, B.; Kolar, J.; Corrales, R. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (USA); Instituto Costarricense de Electricidad, San Jose (Costa Rica))

    1989-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Samples of the geothermal fluids in the Miravalles, Costa Rica, geothermal system were collected from production wellbores using downhole fluid samplers, from flowing wellheads using miniseparators, and from hot springs that discharge in the area. The reservoir fluid at Miravalles is a neutral-chloride-type water, but fumaroles and acid-sulfate springs are present within the main thermal area, and there are bicarbonate-rich hot springs that are clearly related to the neutral-chloride reservoir fluids. Dissolved gases are primarily a mixture of CO{sub 2} with air, but samples collected in the fumarolic areas also contain H{sub 2}S. Water-stable isotope analyses suggest local meteoric recharge, and the reservoir fluid shows oxygen isotopic shifts of about 2.5% due to high-temperature oxygen exchange between water and rock. Chemical geothermometer temperatures are consistent with the measured downhole temperature of 220{degrees} to 255{degrees}C. This pattern of neutral-chloride reservoir fluids with acid-sulfate springs near the source region and bicarbonate-rich chloride hot springs at the periphery of the system suggests a lateral outflow type of hydrothermal system. In addition to the geochemical evidence, temperature profiles from several of the wells show temperature reversals that are characteristic of lateral outflow plumes. We find no evidence for the underlying, higher temperature (300{degrees}C) system, which has been suggested by other investigators. 24 refs., 14 figs., 6 tabs.

  3. Mapping Savanna Land Change of Belize 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilson, Lauren

    2011-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

    was assessed using a confusion matrix. The results of the research confirmed the capabilities of Landsat imagery for mapping savannas and their land use. The classification of forest and savanna along with major land use pressures from agriculture...

  4. Belize: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: EnergyAvignon,Belcher Homes Jump to: navigation,

  5. Microsoft Word - Multiscale_Speciation bh

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Los Alamos, McGuire AFB, Mayak, and Rocky Flats The chemical speciation of potentially hazardous subsurface contaminants is a crucial parameter in environmental risk assessment...

  6. Microsoft Word - MappingMetals bh

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Fluid catalytic cracking (FCC) is the refining process for converting large andor heavy molecules of oil feedstock into smaller and lighter hydrocarbons, such as gasoline....

  7. Microsoft Word - InterfacialElectron bh

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Band structure of 1 UC FeSe film on STO. a, The Fermi surface, consisting of only pockets near the M-point. b-c, The measured dispersion along the high symmetry cut near the zone...

  8. Microsoft Word - SupramolecularProtAssy bh

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    (PDB 3IQ6). 1 One of the Zn binding motifs ensured the stable self-assembly of the tetramer, whereas the other motif anchored coordinatively unsaturated Zn sites for catalysis....

  9. Microsoft Word - InterfacialElectron bh

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)Integrated Codes |IsLove Your1 SECTION A. Project0 FOIAneutron rich1 - 2,104 CX3Band

  10. Microsoft Word - MappingMetals bh

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)Integrated Codes |IsLove Your1 SECTION A. Project0 FOIAneutron rich14.18theMapping

  11. Microsoft Word - Multiscale_Speciation bh

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)Integrated Codes |IsLove Your1 SECTION A. Project0 FOIAneutronMeeting MayTERENA3

  12. Microsoft Word - SupramolecularProtAssy bh

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)Integrated Codes |IsLove Your1 SECTION A. Revised: April 3, 2014 1 of2P.O.Figure 1.

  13. South America, Central America, the Caribbean, and Mexico

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Deal, C.

    1981-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Summaries of oil and gas drillings, well completions, production, exploratory wells, exploration activity and wildcat drilling were given for South America, Central America, the Caribbean, and Mexico. The countries, islands, etc. included Argentina, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward and Windward Islands, Mexico, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, El Salvador, Surinam, Trinidad and Venezuela. 16 figures, 120 tables. (DP)

  14. A late classic Maya lithic workshop at Colha, Belize

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roemer, Erwin

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ous "stages" of manufacturing. Simple reduction models are offerred for two major tool classes: oval bi faces and stemmed blades. Descriptive statistics are part of the morphological data used to support this part of the analysis. Craft... Introduction Review of the Study Reconstruction of Events Problems of Analysis REFERENCES CITED APPENDICES Appendix 1. Biface Coding Format Appendix 2. Blade Coding Format Appendix 3. Blade Core Coding Format VITA 293 293 293 295 296 302 334...

  15. Land Use Change Detection of Lowland Savanna in Belize 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Long

    2012-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Savanna ecosystems cover one fifth of the earth’s usable land and are home to billions of people and species. The ecosystem is threatened by human activities to a large extent, for instance, by grazing livestock, agriculture and fire management...

  16. Belize-OAS Cellulosic Ethanol Market Assessment | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: EnergyAvignon,Belcher Homes Jump to: navigation, search

  17. Belize-Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Climate Change

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia: EnergyAvignon,Belcher Homes Jump to: navigation, searchResilience

  18. Belize-Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Sustainable Energy Roadmap and

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:EzfeedflagBiomass Conversions IncBay County,SouthCityStrategy | Open Energy Information

  19. Lightest Isotope of Bh Produced Via the 209Bi(52Cr,n)260Bh Reaction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    models. For many years, “cold fusion” reactions utilizingproduced via the new “cold fusion” reaction 209 Bi( 52 Cr,

  20. Why NS and BH mass distribition is bimodal?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. E. Prokhorov; K. A. Postnov

    2001-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The observed mass distribution for the compact remnants of massive stars (neutron stars and black holes) and its relationship to possible mechanisms for the ejection of the envelopes of type II and Ib/c supernovae is analyzed. The conclusion is drawn that this distribution can be obtained only by a magneto-rotational mechanism for the supernovae with sufficiently long time of the field amplification, and a soft equation of state for neutron stars with limiting masses \\sim1.5-1.6M_\\odot. Some consequences of this hypothesis are discussed.

  1. _PART I - THE SCHEDULE SECTION B-H

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    ... 21 H-3 INSTRUCTIONS FOR UPDATING FOREIGN OWNERSHIP, CONTROL OR INFLUENCE (FOCI) INFORMATION (APRIL 2010) ......

  2. Logarithmic correction to BH entropy as Noether charge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R Aros; D E Diaz; A Montecinos

    2010-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider the role of the type-A trace anomaly in static black hole solutions to semiclassical Einstein equation in four dimensions. Via Wald's Noether charge formalism, we compute the contribution to the entropy coming from the anomaly induced effective action and unveil a logarithmic correction to the Bekenstein-Hawking area law. The corrected entropy is given by a seemingly universal formula involving the coefficient of the type-A trace anomaly, the Euler characteristic of the horizon and the value at the horizon of the solution to the uniformization problem for Q-curvature. Two instances are examined in detail: Schwarzschild and a four-dimensional massless topological black hole. We also find agreement with the logarithmic correction due to one-loop contribution of conformal fields in the Schwarzschild background.

  3. Project EARTH-12-BH1: Interglacial carbon cycle dynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henderson, Gideon

    and the distribution of CaCO3 & organic matter (Corg) as well as the carbonate saturation in the deep sea environment and create complementary records of down core weight % CaCO3 and Corg. Sediment samples will be obtained from to constrain CaCO3 and Corg burial fluxes. #12;References: 1) Ridgwell and Hargreaves, Global Biogeochemical

  4. _PART I - THE SCHEDULE SECTION B-H

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    the Performance Evaluation Plan (PEP) and its supporting documentation; and (iii) The balance, if any, upon issuance of the Contracting Officer's notification in accordance with...

  5. Microsoft Word - BH-09-038A NEPA.docx

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Channel GFE Description: Manufacturersupplier shall provide 36" diameter pipe with fusion bonded epoxy coating, for crude oil service and store the pipe material until picked...

  6. Microsoft Word - Dynamic Chemical Imaging at Nanoscale bh

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    to engineers striving to reduce the amount of inactive materials such as conductive additives and binders so as to increase the energy density of a system. In this study,...

  7. _PART I - THE SCHEDULE SECTION B-H

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOn AprilA Approved:AdministrationAnalysisDarby Dietrich5 | NUMBER643|About

  8. FutureCamp GmBH | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdf Jump1946865°, -86.0529604°Wisconsin: EnergyEnterprisesFutureMarket

  9. Microsoft Word - Dynamic Chemical Imaging at Nanoscale bh

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)Integrated Codes |IsLove Your1 SECTION A. Project Title:404 2.1 Advanced TokamakDraft)

  10. Costa Rica: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model, clickInformationNew|Core Analysis AtSystems |Costa Mesa, California:Costa

  11. Coral facies and diagenesis of a Pleistocene patch reef, Ambergris Cay, Belize

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russell, Karen Lee

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    /swash zone cementation, as well as abundant primary and secondary porosity and well-preserved skeletal mineralogy. Pleistocene submarine cements include acicular aragonite and magnesium-calcite peloids. Many corals were encrusted by dense, intercalated... microporosity that is partially filled by anhedral submicrocrystalline calcite. Some porosity is lined by isopachous, subhedral to euhedral microcrystalline calcite (possibly once submarine magnesium calcite). Rarely, coral sclerodermites are replaced...

  12. Preliminary Study of Pesticide Drift into the Maya Mountain Protected Areas of Belize

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaiser, Kristine

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    on the application of agrochemicals. The purpose of thisregions, application of agrochemicals to crops is common.less impacted by agrochemicals from regions surrounding

  13. Conservation of Antillean manatees in the Drowned Cayes area of Belize

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sullivan, Caryn Self

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    thank the many Belizean scientists and naturalists who listened carefully to my problems and offered valuable advice over the years--especially Nicole Auil, Angeline Valentine, Greg Smith, Kevin Andrewin, Chocolate Heredia, Janet Gibson, Natalie... in distribution was driven by availability of fresh water, a hypothesis that is supported by research in Florida where manatees are thought to be dependent on access to fresh water for osmoregulation (Hartman 1979; but see Hill & Reynolds 1989; Ortiz et al...

  14. The social implications of ritual behavior in the Maya Lowlands : a perspective from Minanha, Belize

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schwake, Sonja Andrea

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Ancient Maya Use of Slate. Antiquity 69:337-348. Healy,1999 Investigations at the Slate Altar Group in the Easterncapstones of the vault were slate slabs (Joyce 1927:323).

  15. The social implications of ritual behavior in the Maya Lowlands : a perspective from Minanha, Belize

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schwake, Sonja Andrea

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    entirely, exposing older granite. Some of the highest peakslevel include many raw slate fragments, two granite metatefragments, three granite mano fragments, a chert thin biface

  16. The El Salvadoran refugee move to Belize: a geographic study of refugee migration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McElroy, Charles Scott

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    information on the individual refugee not alluded to in the schedule-based survey, was available through the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). Their study, entitled El Salvad r: A ricul- tural ect r Asses en 1 77 (1977), provides... use and ownership of the land by the majority rural poor are central to the future political and economic life of El Salvador. Thomas R Anderson's T e W r of he Di e Hond ras nd E~ll 968 (l981) * i I gi 1 dit' *' I ' Fl S I 4 that resulted...

  17. Identifying and assessing areas for pine woodland regeneration in the lowland savannas of Southern Belize 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Katsigiannis, Panagiotis

    2014-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    (savanna woodlands) into open grasslands and shrubland formations with low regeneration of pine. The understanding of the relationship between pine savannas and various environmental factors is critical in devising sustainable management and conservation...

  18. The human skeletal remains of a skull pit at Colha, Belize

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massey, Virginia Kehrer

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in water for hundreds of years. Bone excavated from the acid tropical soil of the region is invariably fragmented and chemically eroded. Reconstruction could minimize the damage caused by breakage were it not for chemical erosion, but here, after... at one time are no longer present. The chemical activity also makes the entire bone more fragile and subject to crushing. Added to the chemical and physical damage are the destructive effects of plant roots and gnawing invertebrates. All...

  19. Coral facies and diagenesis of a Pleistocene patch reef, Ambergris Cay, Belize 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russell, Karen Lee

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    - crystalline acicular aragonite cement in secondary interparticle porosity. 48 50 24 25 Thin section photomicrograph of randomly oriented extremely fine crystalline to microcrystalline acicular aragonite cement filling dissolution enhanced boring... appearance of Halimeda. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 33 SEM photomicrograph of dense mesh of vadose calcite whisker (needle) crystals 63 34 A. Thin section photomicmgraph showing vadose calcite whisker crystals in dissolution enhanced...

  20. Forest Cover and Deforestation in Belize: 1980-2010 | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluating A PotentialJumpGermanFife Energy Park atFisiaFlorida:Forecast Energy

  1. Belize-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model |

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovation in Carbon CaptureAtriaPowerBeanBeijingEnergy

  2. Costa Rica-Supporting the Zero Emissions Strategy of Costa Rica | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovationinConcentratingEnergyCoosa ValleyCorsicanaprojectEnergy

  3. amerindia costa rica: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Why Interactive Learning? What is it? Demonstrate Rudolph, Alexander L. 146 Data mining and Costas arrays Konstantinos Drakakis Mathematics Websites Summary: responsible...

  4. area costa rica: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Why Interactive Learning? What is it? Demonstrate Rudolph, Alexander L. 153 Data mining and Costas arrays Konstantinos Drakakis Mathematics Websites Summary: responsible...

  5. El éxito de la industria tabacalera en Costa Rica:

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crosbie, Eric; Sebrie, Ernesto M.; Glantz, Stanton A.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    leyes de salud pública; contaminación por humo de tabaco;del Laboratorio de Contaminación en la Universidad de Costa

  6. El éxito de la industria tabacalera en Costa Rica:

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crosbie, Eric; Sebrie, Ernesto M.; Glantz, Stanton A.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    los esfuerzos para mejorar la calidad del aire exterior." 18contribuyente para una pobre calidad del aire interior y noCentroamérica" para medir la calidad del aire interior (CAI)

  7. Costa Rica-Regional Programme for LAC: Preparation of Sectoral...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    of regional and global partners." Program Focus The program will focus on reducing poverty and inequality, strengthening democratic governance, increasing disaster preparedness...

  8. Costa Rica-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    initiative to support developing countries' efforts to pursue long-term, transformative development and accelerate sustainable, climate-resilient economic growth while slowing...

  9. Environmental correlates to amphibian and reptile diversity in Costa Rica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laurencio, David Edelman

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    CT Highland-Cordillera de Talamanca EBC Estaci?n Biol?gica Cacao EBSM Estaci?n Biol?gica San Miguel EC Estaci?n Caribe ECB Estaci?n Cabuya HQ Headquarters JSI Jaccard?s Similarity Index LA Lowland Atlantic Forest LP...

  10. Acculturation in International Development: The Peace Corps in Costa Rica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsatsoulis-Bonnekessen, Barbara

    1994-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

    In its thirty years of service, the Peace Corps has acquired a well founded international reputation for successful grassroots development assistance through the unpretentious lifestyle of American individuals living and ...

  11. Gateway:América Latina | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluating A PotentialJumpGermanFifeGEXAGarnet VRX sro Jump to:Gateway Energy

  12. Incae Business School, Costa Rica | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, search OpenEIHesperia,IDGWP WindSatelliteInSAR Jump to: navigation,

  13. Incae Business School, Costa Rica | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetecGtel JumpCounty,Jump to: navigation,Information InSAR

  14. Costa Rica-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovationinConcentratingEnergyCoosa ValleyCorsicanaproject (SmartCost

  15. Costa Rica-LEDS Tier I Activities | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovationinConcentratingEnergyCoosa ValleyCorsicanaproject (SmartCost

  16. Costa Rica-Facilitating Implementation and Readiness for Mitigation (FIRM)

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model, clickInformationNew|Core Analysis AtSystems |Costa Mesa, California: Energy|

  17. Costa Rica-Mitigation of Greenhouse Gas Emissions through Avoided

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia:PowerCER.pngRoofs and Heat Islands2007) | OpenCity,Cosmos| Open|

  18. Costa Rica-The Mitigation Action Implementation Network (MAIN) | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia:PowerCER.pngRoofs and Heat Islands2007) | OpenCity,Cosmos| Open|Energy

  19. Youth Sexual Risk-Taking in Latin America: Implications for Public Health and Policy in Mexico, Belize, and Guatemala

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dunning, Denise Raquel

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Económicas, S.A. (Ivie). PRB World Population Data Sheet20Sexual%20Education.pdf. PRB World Population Data Sheet20Sexual%20Education.pdf. PRB World Population Data Sheet

  20. The interpretation of Postclassic lithic production patterns at Colha, Belize through a synthetic analysis of archaeological data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrett, Jason Wallace

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    directly to subsistence practices, the disjunction observed in manufacturing technique between Classic and Postclassic period stone tool production assemblages is more enigmatic. The events leading to Colha's abandonment and subsequent reoccupation...

  1. Constructive hierarchy through entitlement: inequality in lithic resource access among the ancient Maya of Blue Creek, Belize

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrett, Jason Wallace

    2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    assisted in my field excavations and laboratory analyses over that past four years. The contributions of Ira McDaniel and Gwyneth MacCubbin are particularly worthy of mention. Kim A. Cox has been a friend and supporter from the moment I joined the Blue... ...............................................171 Laboratory Data Collection ...............................................................171 Procedures .............................................................................172 Raw Material Sourcing...

  2. A GIS-based Spatial Model for Predicting Habitat Suitability for Juvenile Mutton Snapper (Lutjanus analis) in Belize

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    redes de Áreas Marinas Protegidas. Este trabajo evalúa el uso del enfoque ecosistémico en el manejo. Parámetros ecosistémicos de entrada incluyeron tipo de habitat marino, distancia de nado a los sitios de

  3. Modelling the Distributions and Richness of Lowland Savanna Plant Species in Belize using a Maximum-Entropy Approach. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rollings, Felicity J.

    2012-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

    , and analyses showed the most species-rich savanna as the least suitable areas for agriculture. In addition, the current protected areas were compared against the proposed areas for conservation, and showed overlap of up to 26%....

  4. Telling friends from foes : strontium isotope and trace element analysis of companion burials from Pusilhá, Toledo District, Belize

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Somerville, Andrew D.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2000 Differential Diagenesis of Strontium in ArchaeologicalStates: Effects of Diagenesis on Fossil Tooth Chemistry.is much more prone to diagenesis than enamel (Budd, et al.

  5. Evaluation of Natural Markers to Assess Cross-Shelf Connectivity of MesoAmerican Reef Fish Populations in Belize

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wetmore, Lynne S.

    2014-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

    -optimal temperature and salinity conditions within back-reef systems, resulting in osmoregulatory stress and increased energy requirements for nursery occupants (Aleem 1972; Nichols et al. 1986). Additionally, trophic production from both allochthonous and local... fragments. For obvious reasons, manual removal of carbonate components from benthic diatom and POM samples was not possible, and several previous studies have noted depletions (generally 0-1‰) in ?13C for benthic microalgae (including diatoms...

  6. file://C:\\Documents and Settings\\bh5\\My Documents\\Energy Effici

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Coal Products Manufacturing 135 212 530 325 Chemical Manufacturing 407 444 639 326 Plastics and Rubber Products Manufacturing 162 169 208 327 Nonmetallic Mineral Product...

  7. file://C:\\Documents and Settings\\bh5\\My Documents\\Energy Effici

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Manufacturing 96.1 103.6 113.2 325 Chemical Manufacturing 96.6 104.2 118.6 326 Plastics and Rubber Products Manufacturing 94.0 96.5 100.0 327 Nonmetallic Mineral Product...

  8. file://C:\\Documents and Settings\\bh5\\My Documents\\Energy Effici

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Coal Products Manufacturing 138 215 547 325 Chemical Manufacturing 417 460 657 326 Plastics and Rubber Products Manufacturing 164 174 211 327 Nonmetallic Mineral Product...

  9. file://C:\\Documents and Settings\\bh5\\My Documents\\Energy Effici

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Coal Products Manufacturing 224 240 254 325 Chemical Manufacturing 428 441 488 326 Plastics and Rubber Products Manufacturing 166 168 173 327 Nonmetallic Mineral Product...

  10. file://C:\\Documents and Settings\\bh5\\My Documents\\Energy Effici

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Coal Products Manufacturing 227 242 265 325 Chemical Manufacturing 440 452 509 326 Plastics and Rubber Products Manufacturing 168 171 175 327 Nonmetallic Mineral Product...

  11. file://C:\\Documents and Settings\\bh5\\My Documents\\Energy Effici

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Coal Products Manufacturing 136 218 551 325 Chemical Manufacturing 419 452 662 326 Plastics and Rubber Products Manufacturing 164 172 212 327 Nonmetallic Mineral Product...

  12. file://C:\\Documents and Settings\\bh5\\My Documents\\Energy Effici

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    324 Petroleum and Coal Products 3,873 3,454 3,657 325 Chemicals 4,851 4,803 4,181 326 Plastics and Rubber Products 691 707 683 327 Nonmetallic Mineral Products 1,235 1,331 1,385...

  13. file://C:\\Documents and Settings\\bh5\\My Documents\\Energy Effici

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    324 Petroleum and Coal Products 7,571 7,051 7,125 325 Chemicals 7,211 7,499 6,135 326 Plastics and Rubber Products 692 710 684 327 Nonmetallic Mineral Products 1,245 1,338 1,394...

  14. file://C:\\Documents and Settings\\bh5\\My Documents\\Energy Effici

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Coal Products Manufacturing 221 241 254 325 Chemical Manufacturing 437 468 510 326 Plastics and Rubber Products Manufacturing 162 181 175 327 Nonmetallic Mineral Product...

  15. file://C:\\Documents and Settings\\bh5\\My Documents\\Energy Effici

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    the sum of all of the listed energy sources, and other energy sources such as wood waste, hydrogen, and waste oils and tars. Sources: Energy Information Administration,...

  16. file://C:\\Documents and Settings\\bh5\\My Documents\\Energy Effici

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    the sum of all of the listed energy sources, and other energy sources such as wood waste, hydrogen, and waste oils and tars. Sources:Energy Information Administration,...

  17. HON 201, Three Plays F 1-1:50, BH B21

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Srinivasan, Bhama

    " by Hugh Whitemore about Alan Turing who did fundamental work in mathematical logic and conceived play The third play deals with the career and personal problems of the British mathematician Alan Turing. The story of his life is found in an article in the New Yorker; see below. A link: http

  18. Uni ted States Department ot the Interior J'1 Bh and Wildlife Serrlce

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    trawls.operated from steam ~ Diesel powered boats have for many years been one of the primary gears used designed for trawl operation. Bearing in mind that the regular fishing boat used in the Puerto Rican

  19. file://C:\\Documents and Settings\\bh5\\My Documents\\Energy Effici

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Metal Product Manufacturing 245 270 311 333 Machinery Manufacturing 276 292 321 334 Computer and Electronic Product Manufacturing 444 454 398 335 Electrical Equipment, Appliance,...

  20. file://C:\\Documents and Settings\\bh5\\My Documents\\Energy Effici

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    1,614 1,353 332 Fabricated Metal Products 441 387 396 333 Machinery 213 175 204 334 Computer and Electronic Products 205 200 141 335 Electrical Equip., Appliances, and Components...

  1. file://C:\\Documents and Settings\\bh5\\My Documents\\Energy Effici

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Metals 758 646 529 332 Fabricated Metal Products 3 1 1 333 Machinery Q 2 * 334 Computer and Electronic Products * 1 1 335 Electrical Equip., Appliances, and Components 27 69...

  2. file://C:\\Documents and Settings\\bh5\\My Documents\\Energy Effici

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    2,120 1,736 332 Fabricated Metal Products 445 388 396 333 Machinery 217 177 204 334 Computer and Electronic Products 205 201 142 335 Electrical Equip., Appliances, and Components...

  3. file://C:\\Documents and Settings\\bh5\\My Documents\\Energy Effici

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Metal Product Manufacturing 258 244 267 333 Machinery Manufacturing 286 244 295 334 Computer and Electronic Product Manufacturing 352 425 612 335 Electrical Equipment, Appliance,...

  4. file://C:\\Documents and Settings\\bh5\\My Documents\\Energy Effici

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    2,123 1,744 332 Fabricated Metal Products 441 387 397 333 Machinery 213 175 204 334 Computer and Electronic Products 205 200 141 335 Electrical Equip., Appliances, and Components...

  5. file://C:\\Documents and Settings\\bh5\\My Documents\\Energy Effici

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    3. 'Total' is the sum of all of the listed energy sources, including wood waste, hydrogen, and waste oils and tars. Sources: Energy Information Administration, Manufacturing...

  6. file://C:\\Documents and Settings\\bh5\\My Documents\\Energy Effici

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    energy sources listed below, including net steam (the sum of purchases, generation from renewable resources, and net transfers), and other energy that respondents indicated was...

  7. file://C:\\Documents and Settings\\bh5\\My Documents\\Energy Effici

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    and nonfuel) purposes. 'Other' includes net steam (the sum of purchases, generation from renewable resources, and net transfers), and other energy that respondents indicated was...

  8. file://C:\\Documents and Settings\\bh5\\My Documents\\Energy Effici

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Chemicals 179 163 170 Bulk Petrochemical 69 73 80 Organic Intermediate 73 73 64 Plastic Resins 40 48 50 Synthetic Rubber 2 2 NA Synthetic Fibers 5 5 4 Value of Shipments...

  9. file://C:\\Documents and Settings\\bh5\\My Documents\\Energy Effici

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Dollars) Value of Shipments 2 29.1 27.4 23.0 Value Added 3 17.2 15.9 12.1 PrivacySecurity | Accessibility | Copyright & Reuse * Contact Us | Feedback | Careers | About EIA...

  10. file://C:\\Documents and Settings\\bh5\\My Documents\\Energy Effici

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    1. A measure of manufacturing activity that is derived by subtracting the cost of materials (which covers materials, supplies, containers, fuel, purchased electricity, and...

  11. Odd-Z Transactinide Compound Nucleus Reactions Including the Discovery of 260Bh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nelson, Sarah L

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    reactions: hot fusion and cold fusion. The main differencenot yet well understood. Cold fusion reactions are, as theof nuclides. An advantage that cold fusion reactions have is

  12. Microsoft Word - U(VI)andSr(II)BatchSorption bh

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and mesoporous silica reacted with (B) 10 M Sr, (C) 10 M U at pH 4.0 with no carbonate and no calcium present, and (D) 10 M U at pH 9.8 with no carbonate and no...

  13. file://C:\\Documents and Settings\\bh5\\My Documents\\Energy Effici

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Fuel Consumption, 1998, 2002, and 2006 (trillion Btu) MECS Survey Years Iron and Steel Mills (NAICS 1 331111) 1998 2002 2006 Total 2 NA 950 749 Net Electricity 3 NA 185 175...

  14. file://C:\\Documents and Settings\\bh5\\My Documents\\Energy Effici

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    1998, 2002, and 2006 (Btu per constant 2000 dollar 1 ) MECS Survey Years Iron and Steel Mills (NAICS 2 331111) 1998 3 2002 4 2006 4 Total NA 19,716 12,179 Electricity NA...

  15. file://C:\\Documents and Settings\\bh5\\My Documents\\Energy Effici

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    b Table 7b. Offsite-Produced Fuel Consumption per Ton of Steel, 1998, 2002, and 2006 (1000 Btu per ton) MECS Survey Years Iron and Steel Mills (NAICS 1 331111) 1998 2 2002 3 2006 3...

  16. file://C:\\Documents and Settings\\bh5\\My Documents\\Energy Effici

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    e Page Last Modified: May 2010 Table 5e. Economic and Physical Indicators for the Steel Industry, 1998, 2002, and 2006 Notes: 1. Includes iron and steel mills and...

  17. file://C:\\Documents and Settings\\bh5\\My Documents\\Energy Effici

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    5c Page Last Modified: May 2010 Table 5c. Economic and Physical Indicators for the Aluminum Industry (NAICS 3313), 1998, 2002, and 2006 Notes: 1. Deflated using BEA's chain-type...

  18. Energiegesellschaft Nordost mBH e n o | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluating A PotentialJump to:Emminol Jump to:Energ tica CamposEnergieEnergiefeld

  19. file://C:\Documents and Settings\bh5\My Documents\Energy Effici

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 34 44Year199873.4 66.1 56.2 50.4415 683 460. 58071Diesel Fuel . f

  20. file://C:\Documents and Settings\bh5\My Documents\Energy Effici

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 34 44Year199873.4 66.1 56.2 50.4415 683 460. 58071Diesel Fuel . f2

  1. file://C:\Documents and Settings\bh5\My Documents\Energy Effici

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 34 44Year199873.4 66.1 56.2 50.4415 683 460. 58071Diesel Fuel . f23

  2. file://C:\Documents and Settings\bh5\My Documents\Energy Effici

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 34 44Year199873.4 66.1 56.2 50.4415 683 460. 58071Diesel Fuel .

  3. file://C:\Documents and Settings\bh5\My Documents\Energy Effici

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 34 44Year199873.4 66.1 56.2 50.4415 683 460. 58071Diesel Fuel .5a

  4. file://C:\Documents and Settings\bh5\My Documents\Energy Effici

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 34 44Year199873.4 66.1 56.2 50.4415 683 460. 58071Diesel Fuel .5ab

  5. file://C:\Documents and Settings\bh5\My Documents\Energy Effici

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 34 44Year199873.4 66.1 56.2 50.4415 683 460. 58071Diesel Fuel .5ab,

  6. file://C:\Documents and Settings\bh5\My Documents\Energy Effici

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 34 44Year199873.4 66.1 56.2 50.4415 683 460. 58071Diesel Fuel

  7. file://C:\Documents and Settings\bh5\My Documents\Energy Effici

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 34 44Year199873.4 66.1 56.2 50.4415 683 460. 58071Diesel Fuela

  8. file://C:\Documents and Settings\bh5\My Documents\Energy Effici

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 34 44Year199873.4 66.1 56.2 50.4415 683 460. 58071Diesel Fuelab

  9. file://C:\Documents and Settings\bh5\My Documents\Energy Effici

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 34 44Year199873.4 66.1 56.2 50.4415 683 460. 58071Diesel Fuelab8a

  10. file://C:\Documents and Settings\bh5\My Documents\Energy Effici

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 34 44Year199873.4 66.1 56.2 50.4415 683 460. 58071Diesel

  11. file://C:\Documents and Settings\bh5\My Documents\Energy Effici

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 34 44Year199873.4 66.1 56.2 50.4415 683 460. 58071Diesel1a Page

  12. file://C:\Documents and Settings\bh5\My Documents\Energy Effici

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 34 44Year199873.4 66.1 56.2 50.4415 683 460. 58071Diesel1a Pageb

  13. file://C:\Documents and Settings\bh5\My Documents\Energy Effici

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 34 44Year199873.4 66.1 56.2 50.4415 683 460. 58071Diesel1a Pagebc

  14. file://C:\Documents and Settings\bh5\My Documents\Energy Effici

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 34 44Year199873.4 66.1 56.2 50.4415 683 460. 58071Diesel1a Pagebcd

  15. file://C:\Documents and Settings\bh5\My Documents\Energy Effici

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 34 44Year199873.4 66.1 56.2 50.4415 683 460. 58071Diesel1a

  16. file://C:\Documents and Settings\bh5\My Documents\Energy Effici

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 34 44Year199873.4 66.1 56.2 50.4415 683 460. 58071Diesel1ab Page

  17. file://C:\Documents and Settings\bh5\My Documents\Energy Effici

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 34 44Year199873.4 66.1 56.2 50.4415 683 460. 58071Diesel1ab Pagea

  18. file://C:\Documents and Settings\bh5\My Documents\Energy Effici

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 34 44Year199873.4 66.1 56.2 50.4415 683 460. 58071Diesel1ab

  19. file://C:\Documents and Settings\bh5\My Documents\Energy Effici

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 34 44Year199873.4 66.1 56.2 50.4415 683 460. 58071Diesel1abc Page

  20. file://C:\Documents and Settings\bh5\My Documents\Energy Effici

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 34 44Year199873.4 66.1 56.2 50.4415 683 460. 58071Diesel1abc Paged

  1. file://C:\Documents and Settings\bh5\My Documents\Energy Effici

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 34 44Year199873.4 66.1 56.2 50.4415 683 460. 58071Diesel1abc Pagede

  2. file://C:\Documents and Settings\bh5\My Documents\Energy Effici

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 34 44Year199873.4 66.1 56.2 50.4415 683 460. 58071Diesel1abc

  3. file://C:\Documents and Settings\bh5\My Documents\Energy Effici

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 34 44Year199873.4 66.1 56.2 50.4415 683 460. 58071Diesel1abc4b Page

  4. file://C:\Documents and Settings\bh5\My Documents\Energy Effici

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 34 44Year199873.4 66.1 56.2 50.4415 683 460. 58071Diesel1abc4b

  5. file://C:\Documents and Settings\bh5\My Documents\Energy Effici

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 34 44Year199873.4 66.1 56.2 50.4415 683 460. 58071Diesel1abc4bd

  6. file://C:\Documents and Settings\bh5\My Documents\Energy Effici

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 34 44Year199873.4 66.1 56.2 50.4415 683 460. 58071Diesel1abc4bde

  7. file://C:\Documents and Settings\bh5\My Documents\Energy Effici

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 34 44Year199873.4 66.1 56.2 50.4415 683 460. 58071Diesel1abc4bdef

  8. file://C:\Documents and Settings\bh5\My Documents\Energy Effici

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 34 44Year199873.4 66.1 56.2 50.4415 683 460. 58071Diesel1abc4bdef5a

  9. file://C:\Documents and Settings\bh5\My Documents\Energy Effici

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 34 44Year199873.4 66.1 56.2 50.4415 683 460.

  10. file://C:\Documents and Settings\bh5\My Documents\Energy Effici

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 34 44Year199873.4 66.1 56.2 50.4415 683 460.Manufacturing Trend

  11. file://C:\Documents and Settings\bh5\My Documents\Energy Effici

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 34 44Year199873.4 66.1 56.2 50.4415 683 460.Manufacturing Trend

  12. file://C:\Documents and Settings\bh5\My Documents\Energy Effici

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 34 44Year199873.4 66.1 56.2 50.4415 683 460.Manufacturing Trende

  13. file://C:\Documents and Settings\bh5\My Documents\Energy Effici

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 34 44Year199873.4 66.1 56.2 50.4415 683 460.Manufacturing Trendef

  14. Microsoft Word - U(VI)andSr(II)BatchSorption bh

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)Integrated Codes |IsLove Your1 SECTION A. Revised: April 3,  T T r r a a v v

  15. Group dynamics, behavior, and current and historical abundance of peccaries in Costa Rica’s Caribbean lowlands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Romero, Andrea; O'Neill, Brian James; Timm, Robert M.; Gerow, Kenneth G.; McClearn, Deedra

    2013-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

    these species might differentially affect their environment. Resumen--Entender la abundancia y la preferencia de hábitat de las 2 especies de sainos en bosques neotropicales es importante porque estas especies clave afectan muchos aspectos del ecosistema. En...

  16. Baselines For Land-Use Change In The Tropics: Application To Avoided Deforestation Projects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    B. Santa Cruz Department in Bolivia, C. northern Belize, D.area Belize Santa Cruz, Bolivia Paraná, Brazil Campeche,2) Santa Cruz State, Bolivia; (3) Paraná State in Brazil; (

  17. Aerobic oxidation of anthracene in the presence of manganese porphyrinates and NaBH/sub 4/ reducing agent

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lukashova, E.A.; Solov'ev, A.B.; Chugreev, A.L.; Enikolopyan, N.S.

    1987-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The authors investigate the kinetics of anthracene oxidation by molecular oxygen in the presence of manganese, iron, and cobalt porphyrinate catalysts and a sodium borohydride reducing agent at room temperature in solutions of ethanol or ethanol with chloroform and benzene. Effective rate constants for the reactions are determined based on the amount of anthraquinone formed in the reaction. In all cases with the exception of cobalt tetraphenylporphyrinate the only oxidation product was anthraquinone. Its structure was verified by NMR and IR spectroscopy.

  18. OBSERVATIONS IN REACTIVITY BETWEEN BH CONTAINING COMPOUNDS AND ORGANOMETALLIC REAGENTS: SYNTHESIS OF BORONIC ACIDS, BORONIC ESTERS, AND MAGNESIUM HYDRIDES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clary, Jacob William

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    purification system (Pure Solv MD, Innovative Technologypurification system (Pure Solv MD, Innovative Technologypurification system (Pure Solv MD, Innovative Technology

  19. Low latency search for Gravitational waves from BH-NS binaries in coincidence with Short Gamma Ray Bursts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrea Maselli; Valeria Ferrari

    2014-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose a procedure to be used in the search for gravitational waves from black hole-neutron star coalescing binaries, in coincidence with short gamma-ray bursts. It is based on two recently proposed semi-analytic fits, one reproducing the mass of the remnant disk surrounding the black hole which forms after the merging as a function of some binary parameters, the second relating the neutron star compactness, i.e. the ratio of mass and radius, with its tidal deformability. Using a Fisher matrix analysis and the two fits, we assign a probability that the emitted gravitational signal is associated to the formation of an accreting disk massive enough to supply the energy needed to power a short gamma ray burst. This information can be used in low-latency data analysis to restrict the parameter space searching for gravitational wave signals in coincidence with short gamma-ray bursts, and to gain information on the dynamics of the coalescing system and on the internal structure of the components. In addition, when the binary parameters will be measured with high accuracy, it will be possible to use this information to trigger the search for off-axis gamma-ray bursts afterglows.

  20. Draft Title 40 CFR 191 compliance certification application for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant. Volume 2: Appendices, AAC, BECR, BH

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes the conceptual design of a system the Department of Energy (DOE) may implement for compliance with the requirement to control access to the disposal site. In addition, this report addresses the scheduling process for control of inspection, maintenance, and periodic reporting related to Long Term Monitoring which addresses the monitoring of disposal system performance, environmental monitoring in accordance with the Consultation and Cooperation Agreement between the DOE and the state of New Mexico, and evaluation of testing activities related to the Permanent Marker System design. In addition to access control addressed by this report, the controlling or cleaning up of releases from the site is addressed in the Conceptual Decontamination and Decommissioning Plan. The monitoring of parameters related to disposal system performance is addressed in the Long Term Monitoring Design Concept Description. Together, these three documents address the full range of active institutional controls planned after disposal of the TRU waste in the WIPP repository.

  1. OBSERVATIONS IN REACTIVITY BETWEEN BH CONTAINING COMPOUNDS AND ORGANOMETALLIC REAGENTS: SYNTHESIS OF BORONIC ACIDS, BORONIC ESTERS, AND MAGNESIUM HYDRIDES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clary, Jacob William

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    interest not only for hydrogen storage purposes, but alsothe perspective of hydrogen storage, but also because theseapplications in hydrogen storage. 152,153,154 Aminoboranes (

  2. OBSERVATIONS IN REACTIVITY BETWEEN BH CONTAINING COMPOUNDS AND ORGANOMETALLIC REAGENTS: SYNTHESIS OF BORONIC ACIDS, BORONIC ESTERS, AND MAGNESIUM HYDRIDES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clary, Jacob William

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Herold, T. ; Schrott, U. ; Hoffmann, R. W. ; Schnelle, G. ;Chem. Ser. 1959, 23, 102-128. Hoffmann, R.W. ; Holzer, B. ;Commun. 2003, 2688-2689. Hoffmann, R. W. ; Zeiss, H. J.

  3. OBSERVATIONS IN REACTIVITY BETWEEN BH CONTAINING COMPOUNDS AND ORGANOMETALLIC REAGENTS: SYNTHESIS OF BORONIC ACIDS, BORONIC ESTERS, AND MAGNESIUM HYDRIDES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clary, Jacob William

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    7.34A; Siemens Industrial Automation, Inc. : Madison, WI, (Package, Siemens Industrial Automation, Inc. : Madison,7.34A; Siemens Industrial Automation, Inc. : Madison, WI, (

  4. Influence of Surface Currents in the Dispersal Pathways of Eggs of Cubera Snapper, Lutjanus cyanopterus (Cuvier, 1828), at a Spawning Aggregation Site at Gladden Spit, Belize

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mendez-Jimenez, Adriana

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    flashlight with a blinking red light-emitting diode (LED) and a GPS tracking device (dog collar) (See Appendix A: Fig. A2). 20 After the fiberglass rod was put in place, the bottom third of each buoy was filled with coarse beach sand and seawater... flashlight with a blinking red LED (light-emitting diode) light. One drifter of each set of three was also equipped with a dog-tracking collar with a built-in GPS unit (Garmin DC 40). The DC 40 is not salt water-resistant so it was placed inside a dry bag...

  5. Oil and gas developments in South America, Central America, Caribbean area, and Mexico in 1987

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wiman, W.D.

    1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Exploration activity in South America, Central America, the Caribbean area, and Mexico in 1987 showed significant increases in seismic acquisition in Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Mexico, Paraguay, and Peru, and a decrease in Chile and Venezuela. Exploratory drilling increased in most major producing countries but was accompanied by a decline in development drilling. Most of the increase could be attributed to private companies fulfilling obligations under risk contracts; however, state oil companies in Bolivia, Chile, and Colombia showed significant increased activity, with only Mexico showing a decrease. Colombia again had a dramatic increase in production (29% from 1986). Noteworthy discoveries were made in Bolivia (Villamontes-1); Brazil, in the Solimoes basin (1-RUC-1-AM); Chile (Rio Honda-1); Colombia, in the Llanos basin (Austral-1, La Reforma-1, Libertad Norte-1, Cravo Este-1, and Cano Yarumal-1), in the Upper Magdalena basin (Toldado-1 and Los Mangos-1); Ecuador (Frontera-1, a joint-exploration venture with Colombia); Mexico, in the Chiapas-Tabasco region (Guacho-1 and Iridi-1), in the Frontera Norte area (Huatempo-1); Peru, in the Madre de Dios basin (Armihuari-4X); Trinidad (West East Queen's Beach-1); and Venezuela (Musipan-1X). Brazil's upper Amazon (Solimoes basin) discovery, Colombia's Upper Magdalena basin discoveries Toldado-1 and Los Mangos-1, Mexico's Chiapas-Tabasco discoveries, Peru's confirmation of the giant Cashiriari discovery of 1986, and Venezuela's success in Monagas state were the highlights of 1987. 5 figs., 8 tabs.

  6. The Green Republic: A Conservation History of Costa Rica, 1838-1996

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Evans, Sterling

    1997-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

    and in providing sustainable forest management education to local campesinos. The group enjoyed a good working relationship with ICE (the electricity institute) on watershed and reforestation projects. Former National Park Service director Alvaro Ugalde 355... powerful environmental groups in Latin America." Certain preserved areas are directly attributable to ASCONA efforts. The Puriscal, Quepos, and San Carlos reforestation projects were major ASCONA successes in the late 1970's and early 1980fs.* The group...

  7. Southern Opposition Front in Costa Rica During the Contra War: 1980-1988

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fritz, Bruce W.

    1995-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

    and God who send the envelopes of light my direction. iv TABLE OF CONTENTS ABSTRACT ii DEDICATION ii ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS iv TABLE OF CONTENTS V LIST OF TABLES, FIGURES vi CHAPTER 1 1 CHAPTER II 8 CHAPTER III 62 CHAPTER IV 90 CHAPTER V 133... BIBLIOGRAPHY 7 V LIST OF TABLES AND FIGURES FIGURE 1 63 TABLES la and lb 69 vi CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION In July 1979 nearly everyone who participated in the Nicaraguan insurgency movement to overthrow the forty-five year old dynasty of Anastasio Somoza...

  8. A new stingless bee species of the genus Nogueirapis from Costa Rica (Hymenoptera: Apidae)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ayala, Ricardo; Engel, Michael S.

    2014-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Hopkins University Press; Balti- more, MD; xvi+[i]+953 pp., +20 pls. Monge-Nájera, J. 2006. In memoriam: Alvaro Wille Trejos. Revista de Biología Tropical 54(4): ix–xiii. Moure, J.S., & J.M.F. Camargo. 1982. Partamona (Nogueirapis) minor, nova espécie de...E2B (Figs. 1–4, 8) Diagnosis: The new species is similar in appearance to the ferruginous form of N. mirandula but with the dark areas of the face more extensively developed and not com- Figures 1–3. Holotype worker of Nogueirapis costaricana, new...

  9. MAXIMUM YIELD ESTIMATES FOR THE PACIFIC THREAD HERRING, OPISTHONEMA SPP., FISHERY IN COSTA RICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . According to Berry and Barrett (1963), three Pacific species (Opis- thonema libertate, O. bulleri, and O

  10. The Impact Of Habitat Fragmentation On Bird Community Composition In Monteverde, Costa Rica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Joanna

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    4 Y - - - Parulidae Slate-throated Redstart MyioborusSuch species include the Slate— throated Redstart (MyioborusCrested Guan, Great Kiskadee, Slate-throated Redstart, and

  11. ATL INST, OF STAND & TECH R.I.C-A111D3 SED71b

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    adopted or recognized by the Federal Government. As an agency of the U.S. Commerce Department's Technology and precompetitive work on new and advanced technologies. NIST's research facilities are located at Gaithersburg, MD Systems · Manufacturing Systems Integration · Fabrication Technology Electronics and Electrical

  12. Siderophore production by heterotrophic bacterial isolates from the Costa Rica upwelling dome

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krey, Whitney B. (Whitney Blair)

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    (cont) An increased understanding of heterotrophic bacterial strategies for acquiring nutrients and trace elements is critical for elucidating their impact on biogeochemical cycling in the ocean. It is estimated that iron ...

  13. 6 PsittaScene May 2007 parrot conservation through education in Costa Rica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wright, Timothy F.

    gone. My doctoral advisor, Dr. Timothy Wright, had documented high rates of poaching for the pet trade laboratory at New Mexico State University, including Dr. Wright, fellow doctoral student Alejandro Salinas

  14. Using climate policies and carbon markets to save tropical forests : the case of Costa Rica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arpels, Marisa (Marisa Carina)

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the late 1980s and early 1990s, advocates for forest conservation thought that climate change could provide a lever to motivate developing countries to reduce deforestation. Fifteen years after the first climate change ...

  15. Summary of ICTP activities in support of science in Costa Rica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Awarded by Universidad Nacional, Heredia, 2012 For his work in promoting his field of research in solar energy TRIL Fellow 2009-2012 ICTP Associate 1995-2007 #12;} Joseph C. Varilly ICTP Associate 1998-ICTP-TWAS Central American Workshop in Lasers, Laser Applications and Laser Safety Regulations, San Jose, 2012

  16. Observations of spawning in the Leather Bass, Dermatolepis dermatolepis (Teleostei: Epinephelidae), at Cocos Island, Costa Rica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Erisman, Brad E.; Konotchick, Talina H.; Blum, Shmulik

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Leather Bass were Environ Biol Fish (2009) 85:15–20Bass were present throughout the day, and courtship behavior Environ Biol Fish (Bass at Everest seamount occurred in tightly packed subgroups of 10–32 fish

  17. AGRARIAN CHANGE, AGROECOLOGICAL TRANSFORMATION AND THE COFFEE CRISIS IN COSTA RICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Babin, Nicholas Lawrence

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Buenas tardes), mi nombre esEstoy trabajando en un estudio sobre los cambios en los medios de vida rurales y practicas agrícolas

  18. AGRARIAN CHANGE, AGROECOLOGICAL TRANSFORMATION AND THE COFFEE CRISIS IN COSTA RICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Babin, Nicholas Lawrence

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to improve the fallow of Agua Buena frijol tapado systemsfrijol tapado has also been increasingly applied in Aguafrijol tapado one of the three most common arrangments within the intercropped stratum of Agua

  19. E-Print Network 3.0 - atmosfericas ricas em Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    -FAPESP Summary: ATMOSFERICAS MAGNETIC FIELD EFFECTS AND PARTICLE ACCELERATION IN GAMMA-RAY BURSTS (GRBS): THEORY, NUMERICAL Source: Alon, Angert - Institute of Earth Sciences,...

  20. DFBT -Rica-Tec -FORCE Technology -Elsam Engineering -DTU, MEK Slutrapport 3106 050114.doc

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Risø), Erik Hansen (UNI-TECH), Børge Jensen (Hasle-Isomax), Bent Pedersen (Bøgesø Maskinfabrik), Claus

  1. Mapping Depth to Bedrock in a Tropical Premontane Wet Forest in Costa Rica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    - Drilling until Saprolitic tuff was surveyed and georeferenced using a Total Station (laser) Topography Information 770 additional locations were surveyed using a Total Station (laser) with mm accuracy Data Analysis Digital Elevation Model

  2. The Emergence and Development of Classical Saxophone Repertoire in Costa Rica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Valerio, Jose Javier

    2013-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Costa Rican art composers have written a significant amount of music works for classical saxophone in the late 20th century, thus contributing to the development of a saxophone music repertoire in general. Their compositions, ...

  3. EDUCAÇÃO E CORRUPÇÃO: A BUSCA DE UMA EVIDÊNCIA EMPíRICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carraro, André; Damé, Otávio Menezes

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    de produção. Os gastos do governo também devem ter seu foconas relações que têm com o governo. O índice é medido em umaou seja, quanto mais o governo aumentar seus gastos, mais

  4. The distribution of dams in Costa Rica and their hydrologic impacts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laurencio, Laura Richards

    2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Dam construction has increased exponentially over the past century, primarily in temperate environments. While the impacts of dams in temperate regions have been well-documented, a parallel level of research on dam impacts has not been achieved...

  5. A Cinematic Dialogue between Nicaragua and Costa Rica: Shaping a Transnational Cinema through Filmic Exchanges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lutsch, Stacy Elaine

    2007-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

    atlántica, Nacionalización de las minas (1979), 1980: Plan económico, 1979: Año de la liberación, Reforma agraria (1981), Inicio de la cruzada nacional de la alfabetización (1980), Clausura de la cruzada nacional de la alfebetización (1980) and Historia de...

  6. The agricultural systems and soil loss in the Corredor River Basin, Costa Rica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Castillo, Roberto

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the South Pacific region. Floods in Villa Nelly. August, 1973 High precipitation in the South Pacific. About 1, 993 people affected and 43 houses destroyed. October, 1973 The road was interrupted between Villa Nelly and San Vito because...

  7. corresponding author, aguswa@email.smith.edu Meteorology of Monteverde, Costa Rica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guswa, Andrew J.

    , and solar radiation at 10-minute intervals throughout the day. For the period from 1 January 2006 through 31. The average relative humidity was 87%, and the average solar radiation was 179 W/m2 or 15.5 MJ/m2 /day Monteverde are daily rainfall records from J. Campbell and A. Pounds measured at the Campbell Farm (see

  8. corresponding author, aguswa@email.smith.edu Meteorology of Monteverde, Costa Rica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guswa, Andrew J.

    , and solar radiation at 10-minute intervals throughout the day. In addition, manual measurements of rainfall were 20.0°C and 13.8°C, respectively, and the average relative humidity was 88%. The average solar J. Campbell and A. Pounds measured at the Campbell Farm (see Figure 2) since 1973 (published

  9. corresponding author, aguswa@email.smith.edu Meteorology of Monteverde, Costa Rica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guswa, Andrew J.

    , relative humidity, and solar radiation at 10- minute intervals throughout the day. For the period from 1 December, the average relative humidity was 89%. Average solar radiation was 161 W/m2 , and average wind are daily rainfall records from J. Campbell and A. Pounds measured at the Campbell Farm (see Figure 2) since

  10. Seismogenic zone input: the upper plate contribution in Costa Rica. Structural analysis of the Osa Mlange.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Royal Holloway, University of London

    transformations, or fluid pressure changes is leading to the locking and onset of earthquakes with depth along drilling experiment designed to reach the seismogenic portion of the plate boundary. Recent drilling has

  11. Gateway:América Latina/Centros Latinoamericanos | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualPropertyd8c-a9ae-f8521cbb8489InformationFrenchtown, NewG22 JumpGas

  12. Gateway:América Latina/Energías Renovables | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualPropertyd8c-a9ae-f8521cbb8489InformationFrenchtown, NewG22 JumpGasInformation

  13. Gateway:América Latina/Financiamiento | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualPropertyd8c-a9ae-f8521cbb8489InformationFrenchtown, NewG22

  14. Gateway:América Latina/desarrollo proyectos | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualPropertyd8c-a9ae-f8521cbb8489InformationFrenchtown, NewG22tecnologías limpias |

  15. Agroforestry system effects on soil characteristics of tropical soils in the Sarapiqui Region of Costa Rica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tornquist, Carlos G.

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    P, soil organic C (SOC) and total Kjehdahl N (TKN)] and biological parameters (minerahzable C and N, microbial biomass C and N). Agroforestry plots, adjacent pasture areas and one undisturbed forest site were sampled (i) to 10 cm for bulk density...

  16. The Impact Of Habitat Fragmentation On Bird Community Composition In Monteverde, Costa Rica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Joanna

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Frank Joyce and Federico Chinchilla lDqDczrz‘i7/em‘ of I/my super advisors Federico Chinchilla and Frank ]oyce, the

  17. Costa Rica-Regional Programme for LAC: Preparation of Sectoral LEDs for

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovationinConcentratingEnergyCoosa ValleyCorsicanaproject

  18. Costa Rica-UNEP Risoe Technology Needs Assessment Program | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovationinConcentratingEnergyCoosa

  19. NREL-Costa Rica-Energy Efficiency Workshop | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRose BendMiasoleTremor(Question) |Renewable Energy |I Jump to:II Jump

  20. Costa Rica-Joint Programme on Resource Efficient and Cleaner Production

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand JumpConceptual Model, clickInformationNew|Core Analysis AtSystems |Costa Mesa, California:

  1. Costa Rica-EC-LEDS in the Agriculture Sector | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia:PowerCER.pngRoofs and Heat Islands2007) | OpenCity,Cosmos| Open Energy

  2. Costa Rica-EU-UNDP Climate Change Capacity Building Program | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia:PowerCER.pngRoofs and Heat Islands2007) | OpenCity,Cosmos| Open

  3. Costa Rica-Low-Carbon Energy for Central America: Building a Regional Model

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia:PowerCER.pngRoofs and Heat Islands2007) | OpenCity,Cosmos| Open| Open

  4. Costa Rica-The World Bank Partnership for Market Readiness (PMR) | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualProperty EditCalifornia:PowerCER.pngRoofs and Heat Islands2007) | OpenCity,Cosmos|

  5. Fuel Tax Incidence in Developing Countries: The Case of Costa Rica | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdf Jump1946865°, -86.0529604° ShowCounty,Energy Information Incidence in

  6. Estadísticas de ERNC en Latinoamérica | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualPropertyd8c-a9ae-f8521cbb8489 No revision|LLCInsulation IncentivesEshone Energy

  7. The Yalahau Regional Wetland Survey: Ancient Maya Land Use in Northern Quintana Roo, Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leonard, Daniel Ian

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Features in Southern Campeche: New Perspectives on theArchaeological Reconnaissance in Campeche, Quintana Roo, andpatterns in wetlands in Campeche and Belize (see review by

  8. Extending the roads for survival: An ethnography of the ongoing Maya Diaspora

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bazua Morales, Carlos Miguel

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    San Luis Potosi, Tabasco, Campeche, Quintana Roo, Chiapas,Smaller populations in Campeche, Belize and Guatemala alsoin Chiapas, Calakmul in Campeche, Cobá in Quintana Roo and

  9. antigua and barbuda: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Bahamas Barbados Belize Bermuda British Antarctic Territory Steiner, Ullrich 3 Angola Croatia Iceland Nepal Sri Lanka Antigua & Barbuda Cuba India Netherlands St. Kitts & Nevis...

  10. Wind: wind power density GIS data at 50m above ground and 1km...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    for Central America (Purpose):HTMLREMOVEDHTMLREMOVEDTo provide information on the wind resource potential within the following countries in Central America: Belize, El...

  11. Wind: wind power density maps at 50m above ground and 1km resolution...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    of Central America. (Purpose):HTMLREMOVEDHTMLREMOVEDTo provide information on the wind resource potential within the following countries in Central America: Belize, El...

  12. Session Title What Can an Education Abroad Teach Our Future Leaders About Sustainability?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barnes, Elizabeth A.

    2:30 - 4 p.m. LSC Grey Rock Organizer and Moderator Laura Thornes Methods in Belize Rodolfo Valdes-Vasquez Assistant Professor

  13. Latin American Studies at Stetson University is a multidisciplinary and experientially oriented program that develops students'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miles, Will

    internships in countries including Guatemala, Peru, Mexico, Belize, Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay, Ecuador.D., University of Minnesota; carbon footprints and accounting, renewable energy systems and policy, sustainable

  14. Special Issue On Estimation Of Baselines And Leakage In Carbon Mitigation Forestry Projects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sathaye, Jayant A.; Andrasko, Kenneth

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Tropical Region Estimates Bolivia, Noel Avoided 5-42Tropics; one each in Belize, Bolivia, and Brazil and threeproject, Noel Kempff in Bolivia, the FAC approach projects

  15. A Bioeconomic Approach to Marriage and the Sexual Division of Labor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gurven, Michael; Winking, Jeffrey; Kaplan, Hillard; Rueden, Christopher; McAllister, Lisa

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    conducted fieldwork in Bolivia and Belize and is studyingin the Beni Biosphere Reserve, Bolivia. Ph.D. dissertation,Tsimane’ Amerindians of lowlands Bolivia. Unpublished Ph.D.

  16. Using ISS Telescopes for Electromagnetic Follow-up of Gravitational Wave Detections of NS-NS and NS-BH Mergers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jordan Camp; Scott D. Barthelmy; Lindy Blackburn; Kenneth Carpenter; Neil Gehrels; Jonah Kanner; Frank E. Marshall; Judith L. Racusin; Takanori Sakamoto

    2013-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The International Space Station offers a unique platform for rapid and inexpensive deployment of space telescopes. A scientific opportunity of great potential later this decade is the use of telescopes for the electromagnetic follow-up of ground-based gravitational wave detections of neutron star and black hole mergers. We describe this possibility for OpTIIX, an ISS technology demonstration of a 1.5 m diffraction limited optical telescope assembled in space, and ISS-Lobster, a wide-field imaging X-ray telescope now under study as a potential NASA mission. Both telescopes will be mounted on pointing platforms, allowing rapid positioning to the source of a gravitational wave event. Electromagnetic follow-up rates of several per year appear likely, offering a wealth of complementary science on the mergers of black holes and neutron stars.

  17. The Role of Friction Stir Welding on the Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of AZ31B-H24 Mg alloy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Darzi, Kh.; Saeid, T. [Advanced Materials Research Center - Faculty of Materials Engineering, Sahand University of Technology - Tabriz (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2011-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

    In this study, an attempt was made to join AZ31B magnesium alloy by friction stir welding (FSW) process. A single tool with cylindrical screw threaded pin was used to investigate the effect of welding parameters on microstructure and mechanical properties of stir zone (SZ). Several welds were made at different rotational ({omega}) and traverse ({upsilon}) speeds, while the {omega}/{upsilon} ratios were kept constant. The optical and scanning electron microscopy were used to study the variation of microstructure across the welds. Moreover, micro-hardness and tensile tests were carried out to evaluate the mechanical properties of joints. It was found that {omega} plays more significant role on the resulted grain structure than {upsilon}, and at a constant {omega}/{upsilon} ratio, decreasing rotational speed decreased the size of grains, and hence, improved the hardness value and the tensile strength of the SZ.

  18. BIG METALS, SMALL LIGANDS: CHARACTERIZATION OF THE 15-COORDINATE COMPLEX THORIUM AMINODIBORANATE [Th(H3BN(CH3)2BH3)4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Girolami, Gregory S.

    BIG METALS, SMALL LIGANDS: CHARACTERIZATION OF THE 15- COORDINATE COMPLEX THORIUM AMINODIBORANATE aminodiboranate ligands coordinate to the thorium center. The Werner coordination number of 15 in the solid state

  19. The Loss of Ecosystem Services on the Yucatn Peninsula in the 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    The Loss of Ecosystem Services on the Yucatán Peninsula in the 21st Century Case study: mangrove loss in Mexico (MX) & Belize (BZ) Natallia Leuchanka Environmental Science: Ecosystems; International Reardon #12;#12;Akumal, Mexico (MX) Sarteneja, Belize (BZ) #12;· Ecosystem: a dynamic complex of plant

  20. 42 Marine Technology Society Journal A U T H O R S

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    & Heupel, 2004; Sladek- Nowlis & Friedlander, 2004; Wetherbee et al., 2004). Glover's Reef, one of Belize's three oce- anicatolls,isencompassedbyoneofthelarg- est marine reserves (Glover's Reef Marine Reserve Glover's Reef Marine Reserve (GRMR), off the coast of Belize, between May and October, 2004. Although

  1. Costa Rica Stress Map: the Sigma ProjectCosta Rica Stress Map: the Sigma Project Allan Lpez , Jeffrey S. Marshall , Ana Leyla Chinchilla , Peter B. Sak , Sergio Chiesa , Martin Meschede ,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marshall, Jeffrey S.

    , Jeffrey S. Marshall , Ana Leyla Chinchilla , Peter B. Sak , Sergio Chiesa , Martin Meschede , Guillermo E

  2. Specialty Coffee in Costa Rica: Effect of Environmental Factors and Management Options on Soil Chemistry and Microbial Composition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sturm-Flores, Linda

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    to be ecologically unsustainable. For example, full sun plantations experience more soil erosion and require higher inputs of agrochemicals (Perfecto et al., 1996). Pesticide use in full sun plantations has led to livestock deaths, contaminated aquifers... was accompanied by an increase in the cost of agrochemicals used for coffee production, and coffee farmers suffered a dramatic decrease in their incomes (Boyce, 1994). In addition, full sun plantations remain productive for only half as long relative to shaded...

  3. The banana industry in Costa Rica: the effects of a single European market for bananas in 1992 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Esquivel, Mario

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ) given the complexities of the different issues and the number of negotiations that have been carried on. Currently, the Uruguay Round is expected to conclude by April of 1992 gust in time for the creation of the Common Market by the end of 1992.... to promote collaboration and dialogue among exporting and importing countries. 6. to guarantee fair wages and prices for workers and consumers. Currently, "Europe 1992" seems to be a dominant issue confronting the banana market. In seeking to meet its...

  4. Building Toward a Consistent Program Evaluation: A Qualitative Study of Community Reaction to Development Programs in Limón, Costa Rica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shane, Caleb Jonathan

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    participatory qualitative methods to replace quantitative methods such as surveys or questionnaires, this logic model emphasizes that participatory qualitative methods—when used in combination with quantitative methods—are able to provide increased validity...). Environmental Degradation: The deterioration of the environment through the depletion of natural resources and the destruction of ecosystems (Donohoe, 2003). 23 Environmental Education: Organized efforts to teach people to learn to live in ways...

  5. Por qu se invierte en plantaciones de Jatropha? Respuestas desde Costa Rica Abigail Fallot a,b,*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    destaca por evitar una competencia directa entre energía-alimentación al nivel del uso de la biomasa

  6. Marine Turtle Newsletter No. 134, 2012 -Page 21 Natal homing by an adult male green turtle at Tortuguero, Costa Rica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Florida, University of

    in leatherback and green sea turtles in Suriname. Biological Conservation 34: 251-272. WYNEKEN, J.,T.J. BURKE, M 22: 88-96. Despite a proliferation of genetic studies characterizing patterns of population structure

  7. The occurrence and diversity of tree legumes as influenced by soil properties in selected tropical forests in Costa Rica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wesch, Richard Albert

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Legumes play important roles in tropical forests due to their contribution to N?-fixation and nutrient cycling. Our objectives were to determine which soil properties, if any, affect the occurrence and distribution of tree legumes in a tropical wet...

  8. Paleomagnetic results from Costa Rica, Jan Mayen and Spitsbergen : an investigation of paleosecular variation over the last 10 Ma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cromwell, Geoffrey John Deustua

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    del lago buenos aires, patagonia. Geochem. , Geo- phys. ,averaged field in southern patagonia recorded in lava flows.Baraldo et al. , 2003 [3]* Patagonia Mejia et al. , 2004 [

  9. Tobacco Control Legislation in Costa Rica (1971-2012): After 40 Years of Tobacco Industry Dominance, Tobacco Control Advocacy Succeeds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crosbie, Eric MA; Sebrie, Ernesto M. MD MPH; Glantz, Stanton A. PhD

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Bienestar y Salud”  ?*Shirely Carmona     ?*Dr.  Roberto Castro Córdoba   Ministerio de Salud, Caja Costarricense de Seguro Social  ?

  10. Evolution of a Humid Tropical Landscape in Northcentral Costa Rica as Deduced from Geomorphic and Pedogenic Evidence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wells, Anke Maria Neumann

    1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of southern San Carlos. Further tectonism during the early Pleistocene created three tilted faultblock ridges in the western and central parts of the Piedmont Province. Consequent increase in fluvial aggradation initiated formation of alluvial plains...

  11. Ecology, habitat preference, and conservation of Neotropical non-volant mammal communities in Costa Rica's Caribbean lowlands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Romero, Andrea

    2013-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Biodiversity in the tropics is continually being threatened by anthropogenic disturbances such as habitat degradation and fragmentation. Unfortunately, conservation decisions and management of wildlife are difficult tasks ...

  12. INT. J. REMOTE SENSING, 2003, VOL. 24, NO. 5, 11271133 Wind driven upwelling in the Gulf of Nicoya, Costa Rica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    INT. J. REMOTE SENSING, 2003, VOL. 24, NO. 5, 1127­1133 Wind driven upwelling in the Gulf of Nicoya within a day (Barton et al. 1993, Trasvin~a et al. 1995). During November­March, small cooling events Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) data several cool- ing events were identified in the GN during the first three

  13. Representations of Race, Entanglements of Power: Whiteness, Garveyism, and Redemptive Geographies in Costa Rica, 1921-1950

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leeds, Asia

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Modernity Disavowed: Haiti and the Cultures of Slavery inAlthough negative tropes of Haiti and Africa were used tosecond republic in the Americas, Haiti “realized a complete

  14. Gateway:América Latina/Aprender más sobre las ERNC | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualPropertyd8c-a9ae-f8521cbb8489InformationFrenchtown, NewG22 JumpGas SamplingInformation

  15. Gateway:América Latina/Diseño de políticas y programas | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualPropertyd8c-a9ae-f8521cbb8489InformationFrenchtown, NewG22 JumpGasInformation Diseño

  16. Gateway:América Latina/Rendimiento, costos y más información sobre las

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualPropertyd8c-a9ae-f8521cbb8489InformationFrenchtown, NewG22tecnologías limpias | Open

  17. Gateway:América Latina/Aprender más sobre las ERNC/Construcción y

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdf Jump1946865°,Park, Texas: EnergyGarvin

  18. Gateway:América Latina/Aprender más sobre las ERNC/Estudios de

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdf Jump1946865°,Park, Texas: EnergyGarvinIngeniería y Selección de

  19. Gateway:América Latina/Aprender más sobre las ERNC/Estudios de

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdf Jump1946865°,Park, Texas: EnergyGarvinIngeniería y Selección deIngeniería

  20. Gateway:América Latina/Aprender más sobre las ERNC/Estudios de

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdf Jump1946865°,Park, Texas: EnergyGarvinIngeniería y Selección

  1. Gateway:América Latina/Aprender más sobre las ERNC/Estudios de

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdf Jump1946865°,Park, Texas: EnergyGarvinIngeniería y SelecciónIngeniería y

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    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdf Jump1946865°,Park, Texas: EnergyGarvinIngeniería y SelecciónIngeniería

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    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdf Jump1946865°,Park, Texas: EnergyGarvinIngeniería y

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    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdf Jump1946865°,Park, Texas: EnergyGarvinIngeniería yWebinars/Prospección y

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    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdf Jump1946865°,Park, Texas: EnergyGarvinIngeniería yWebinars/Prospección

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    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdf Jump1946865°,Park, Texas: EnergyGarvinIngeniería

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    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdf Jump1946865°,Park, Texas: EnergyGarvinIngenieríaWebinars/Prospección y

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    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdf Jump1946865°,Park, Texas: EnergyGarvinIngenieríaWebinars/Prospección

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    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdf Jump1946865°,Park, Texas:

  10. Gateway:América Latina/Aprender más sobre las ERNC/Seleccion de

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    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdf Jump1946865°,Park, Texas:Webinars/Puesta en Marcha, Operación y

  11. Essays in Open Economy Monetary Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Castro, Pedro

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Costa Rica Cote dIvoire Croatia Jordan Denmark KazakhstanCosta Rica Cote d’Ivoire Croatia Denmark Dominican RepublicArgentina China Costa Rica Croatia Egypt India Jordan

  12. CALCIUM CARBONATE DEPOSITION IN GEOTHERMAL WELLBORES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stanford University

    geothermal energy exploration and development are most important. Geothermal resources in Costa Rica have of energy development in Costa Rica. The Miravalles geothermCALCIUM CARBONATE DEPOSITION IN GEOTHERMAL WELLBORES MIRAVALLES GEOTHERMAL FIELD COSTA RICA

  13. La Chua Trail Immunization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mair, Bernard A.

    China Colombia Costa Rica Ecuador France Greece India Iraq Israel Japan Korea Kuwait Libya Qatar Russia

  14. Herramientas de Análisis e Información de Recursos Naturales...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    ricaLatinaHerramientasparadesarrollarproyectosdeERNCHerramientasdeAnlisiseInformacindeRecursosNaturales&oldid313215...

  15. NOE LOPEZ-BENITEZ 3205 28th St.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhuang, Yu

    communication protocols. May/77-Jun/78 Instrumentation Supervisor, PEMEX, Poza Rica, Ver., Mexico. Mounting

  16. UNIVERSIT de MONTPELLIER II SCIENCES ET TECHNIQUES DU LANGUEDOC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    doctorat; Aux collègues de Pemex Exploration, secteur de Poza Rica, et particulièrement à Mario Aranda qui

  17. Golden nematode Globodera rostochiensis Michigan State University's invasive species factsheets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    : Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Mexico, Panama, Peru, Venezuela. Oceania

  18. RED TERICA, EVOLUCIN TERICA Y HOLONES EN ARQUEOLOGA Autor: Magster. Mara Virginia Ferro

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    1 RED TE�RICA, EVOLUCI�N TE�RICA Y HOLONES EN ARQUEOLOGÍA Autor: Magster. María Virginia Ferro desde conceptos de evolución teórica, redes teóricas y holones en el desarrollo de la arqueología. Primera Parte: Evolución y red teórica; holones desde metateoría. Siguiendo a Balzer, Moulines y Sneed

  19. Encyclia chloroleuca (Orchidaceae: Laeliinae) reported for Panama Katia Silvera1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bermingham, Eldredge

    , Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Suriname. It is also present in Mexico, Belize, and Nicaragua (G. Carnevali alt. CONSERVATION STATUS. Encyclia chloroleuca has a wide distribution but populations are limited

  20. SPARTANADVENTURES SPARTAN PATHWAYS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Patagonia Dog Sledding in Northern Michigan Antarctica February Wolves of Yellowstone Cuba March Mekong, Cozumel, Belize City, Santo Tomas, Roatán, Costa Maya TREASURES OF PATAGONIA (VIA AUSTRALIA) January 11

  1. Studies of Gymnomyzinae (Diptera: Ephydridae), VI: A Revision of the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mathis, Wayne N.

    (Belize. Stann Creek District: Wee Wee Cay), G. salina (United States. Missouri: Howard Co., Boonslick.V. Mansilla, Salina, Route 60). OFFICIAL PUBLICATION DATE is handstamped in a limited number of initial copies

  2. Enabling Geographical Queries to a Botanical Database 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sato, Go

    2011-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Conservation of the lowland savanna ecosystem in Belize Project (Defra 17-022) has created a database of savanna plant collections in the country. Some of the collections have accurate positional coordinates measured by GPS devices while the others...

  3. Low reservoir ages for the surface ocean from mid-Holocene Florida corals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Druffel, Ellen R. M; Robinson, Laura F; Griffin, Sheila; Halley, Robert B; Southon, John R; Adkins, Jess F

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Druffel, E. M. (1982), Banded corals: Changes in oceanic 14Radio- carbon in annual coral rings of Florida, Geo- phys.Radiocarbon in annual coral rings of Belize and Florida,

  4. Curriculum Vitae John W. "Jack" Holt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Zong-Liang

    and Namibia, thesis research. 1990 Belize, airborne SAR calibration deployment. 1989 Scotland, airborne SAR measurements for satellite calibration. 1995 - 98 Baja California, Mexico, thesis research, class field trips calibration deployment. Student Supervision Graduate supervision, current T. Charles Brothers Ph

  5. Curriculum Vitae John W. "Jack" Holt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Zong-Liang

    , class field trips. 1993 South Africa and Namibia, thesis research. 1990 Belize, airborne SAR calibration deployment. 1989 Scotland, airborne SAR calibration deployment. Awards and honors 2012 UT Institute Basin, Brazil, airborne optical measurements for satellite calibration. 1995 - 98 Baja California

  6. Constitutional Environment and Entrepreneurship: An Empirical Study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Wei

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    are missing for Belize and Malta, and the dem_age values forLatvia Macedonia Malaysia Malta Mauritius Moldova MontenegroLatvia Macedonia Malaysia Malta Mauritius Moldova Montenegro

  7. The Central American cold surge: an observational analysis of the deep southward penetration of North American cold fronts 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reding, Philip John

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , while the maximum southward penetration is approximately 7'N. Over 76% of CACS events penetrate south of 15'N and over 26% penetrate south of 10'N. CACS onset characteristics are described from Belize City, Belize surface observations. A wind shift..., or western boundary, stretching from nearly 70'N to 10'N. Atkinson (1971) and Hastenrath (1988) agree that this topography both provides a good setting for the generation of vast pools of cold air over North America and assists in the equatorward...

  8. New insights into the origin, transport and behavior of noble gases : examples from Monterey Bay, Costa Rica, Iceland, and the Central Indian Ridge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fueri, Evelyn

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    245-247. Yatsevich I. and Honda M. (1997) Production of02)01071- Dixon E. T. , Honda M. , McDougall I. , Campbell10.1016/j.epsl.2007.10.029. Honda M. and McDougall I. (1998)

  9. Comparison of growth at six years of four native and three exotic timber species planted on abandoned pasture land in Costa Rica

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bir, John Andrew

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    into a new environment. As stated by Liang and Gan (1988), "species can perform in unexpected ways when introduced to new locations. " All one has to do is imagine the countryside in parts of the southeastern U. s. covered with the escaped kudzu vine...

  10. Conditions and mechanism for the formation of iron-rich Montmorillonite in deep sea sediments (Costa Rica Margin): Coupling high resolution mineralogical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    samples and a chemical modeling approach to assess mineralogical reactions and pathways. Transmission code PhreeqC, using mineralogical and pore fluid compositions from sediment samples and calculated. Saponite can be iron- or magnesium-rich and has a trioctahedral structure. Each of these minerals forms

  11. New insights into the origin, transport and behavior of noble gases : examples from Monterey Bay, Costa Rica, Iceland, and the Central Indian Ridge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fueri, Evelyn

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    chemical species (e.g. , methane) at the mounds in the outer fore-arc region were based on observed methane

  12. Using laboratory flow experiments and reactive chemical transport modeling for designing waterflooding of the Agua Fria Reservoir, Poza Rica-Altamira Field, Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Birkle, P.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1. Williams, P. : “Mexico,” Oil and Gas Investor (July 2003)oil field, bordering the Gulf coast in the eastern part of Mexico,

  13. Using laboratory flow experiments and reactive chemical transport modeling for designing waterflooding of the Agua Fria Reservoir, Poza Rica-Altamira Field, Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Birkle, P.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    11 to 48 m 3 /d]. Recently, PEMEX initiated an aggressiveand Petróleos Mexicanos (PEMEX, Subdirección Region Norte),oilfield. Thanks to the PEMEX administration for the

  14. Using laboratory flow experiments and reactive chemical transport modeling for designing waterflooding of the Agua Fria Reservoir, Poza Rica-Altamira Field, Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Birkle, P.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Waterflooding for enhanced oil recovery requires thatas part of an enhanced oil recovery program. U S A Mpart the scheduled enhanced oil recovery project at the Poza

  15. Haga clic aquí para obtener más información sobre América Latina

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI ReferenceJumpEnergyStrategy | Open EnergyHackberry,gateway | Open

  16. Using laboratory flow experiments and reactive chemical transport modeling for designing waterflooding of the Agua Fria Reservoir, Poza Rica-Altamira Field, Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Birkle, P.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    into the Agua Fría reservoir, data from laboratory flowChemical analytical data from reservoir water were appliedapplied as input data for initial reservoir conditions. In

  17. New insights into the origin, transport and behavior of noble gases : examples from Monterey Bay, Costa Rica, Iceland, and the Central Indian Ridge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fueri, Evelyn

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    with a seafloor gas hydrate deposit on the northern Gulf ofNew constraints on the global gas hydrate inventory from anfluid circulation and gas hydrate dissociation using boron

  18. International reserves management and the current account

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aizenman, Joshua

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Republic of Côte d'Ivoire Croatia Dominica Ecuador EritreaBotswana Chile Costa Rica Croatia Czech Republic Dominicaof Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic

  19. The Right to Life with Dignity: Economic and Social Rights Respect in the World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolp, Felicity Ann

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Rep. Costa Rica Cote d’Ivoire Croatia Cuba Cyprus Czech Rep.Japan Spain Switzerland Poland Croatia Maldives TurkmenistanSeychelles China Costa Rica Croatia Grenada Ireland Italy

  20. abidjan cote divoire: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    768 OMAN 2 COLOMBIA 78 PAKISTAN 95 COSTA RICA 16 PANAMA 23 COTE D'IVOIRE Y3 PARAGUA 1 CROATIA 5 PAKISTAN 5 COLOMBIA 5 162 PANAMA COSTA RICA 10 PARAGUAY 1 COTE D'IVOIRE 12 PERU 0...

  1. David Matarrita-Cascante Curriculum Vitae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    on Rural Communities' Quality of Life: A Comparative Study of Liberia and La Fortuna, Costa Rica. Adviser Development: The Case of La Fortuna, Costa Rica. Journal of Sustainable Tourism 18(6):735-756. Gordon, J

  2. David Matarrita-Cascante Curriculum Vitae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of Life: A Comparative Study of Liberia and La Fortuna, Costa Rica Central Research of La Fortuna, Costa Rica. Journal of Sustainable Tourism 18(6): 735-756. Gordon, J., Matarrita

  3. David Matarrita-Cascante Curriculum Vitae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and La Fortuna, Costa Rica. Adviser: A.E. Luloff. Academic Appointments Assistant Professor Development: The Case of La Fortuna, Costa Rica. Journal of Sustainable Tourism 18(6):735-756. Gordon, J

  4. http://www.revistaecosistemas.net/articulo.asp?Id=724 INVESTIGACIN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vermont, University of

    Inventarios Forestales (BIOTREE-NET) en Mesoamérica: avances, retos y perspectivas futuras L. Cayuela 1, L

  5. ASOCIACIN ESPAOLA DE ECOLOGA TERRESTRE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herrera, Carlos M.

    .23-2.15. Los sucesivos inventarios forestales de los montes con ordenaciones históricas constituyen una

  6. Math 172 Spring 2011 Worksheet 1 1. If N = N(t), N = 3, and N(0) = 5, find N(1), N(2), N(3), N(4), N(5)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vraciu, Adela

    the 1980's, Costa Rica had a deforestation rate of 2.9% per year. Deforestation (meaning loss of forested

  7. Essays in behavioral economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eil, David Holding

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    rica: Journal of the Econometric Society, 1954, 22 (1), 23–Econometrica: Journal of the Econometric Society, 1979, 47 (

  8. Departement Umweltsystemwissenschaften Praxisberatung

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fischlin, Andreas

    BKW FMB Energie AG 2009 2008 2007 04 Care Group 2007 04 Chiquita Banana, Costa Rica 2009 2010 2009 04

  9. Dynamics of stellar black holes in young star clusters with different metallicities - II. Black hole-black hole binaries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brunetto Marco Ziosi; Michela Mapelli; Marica Branchesi; Giuseppe Tormen

    2014-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, we study the formation and dynamical evolution of black hole-black hole (BH-BH) binaries in young star clusters (YSCs), by means of N-body simulations. The simulations include metallicity-dependent recipes for stellar evolution and stellar winds, and have been run for three different metallicities (Z = 0.01, 0.1 and 1 Zsun). Following recent theoretical models of wind mass-loss and core-collapse supernovae, we assume that the mass of the stellar remnants depends on the metallicity of the progenitor stars. We find that BH-BH binaries form efficiently because of dynamical exchanges: in our simulations, we find about 10 times more BH-BH binaries than double neutron star binaries. The simulated BH-BH binaries form earlier in metal-poor YSCs, which host more massive black holes (BHs) than in metal-rich YSCs. The simulated BH-BH binaries have very large chirp masses (up to 80 Msun), because the BH mass is assumed to depend on metallicity, and because BHs can grow in mass due to the merger with stars. The simulated BH-BH binaries span a wide range of orbital periods (10^-3-10^7 yr), and only a small fraction of them (0.3 per cent) is expected to merge within a Hubble time. We discuss the estimated merger rate from our simulations and the implications for Advanced VIRGO and LIGO.

  10. Hydrogen Release Studies of Alkali Metal Amidoboranes. | EMSL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Release Studies of Alkali Metal Amidoboranes. Hydrogen Release Studies of Alkali Metal Amidoboranes. Abstract: A series of metal amido boranes LiNH2BH3 (LAB), NaNH2BH3 (SAB),...

  11. INTRODUCTION TO QUIVER VARIETIES (HIRAKU NAKAJIMA)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nakajima, Hiraku

    ) . , h H , h h . hyper-K¨ahler . µI (B, i, j) = i 2 hH BhB h - B h Bh + iki k - j kjk kI , µC (B, i, j

  12. Chemical Hydrides Ken Stroh, facilitator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Development Approach To Deliver Economic H2 via NaBH4 NaBH4 Natural Gas Solar Energy Hydro Power H2 Catalyst and distributed generation applications could be early markets that help establish the infrastructure #12;Refining

  13. P'l>IC_f F2.

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    B'H) * gas scrubber (10'W x 10'l x 10'H) * Two electrical transfer switches and two transformers * heat exchanger in existing digester basement (10'L x 4'W x B'H) * Three, double...

  14. Helios FIB/SEM | EMSL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of NH4+BH4-, via a NH3BH3 intermediate. Its crystal structure has been... Syngas Conversion to Gasoline-Range Hydrocarbons over PdZnOAl2O3 and ZSM-5 Composite...

  15. Mechanistic Insights into the Diverged Enzymes of the Amidohydrolase Superfamily

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nguyen, Tinh T.

    2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    -galacturonate based on kinetics and genomic context. The canonical uronate isomerase is encoded by the gene Bh0705. A second URI in this organism, Bh0493, is the outlier of the group in terms of sequence similarity. Kinetic evidences indicate that Bh0705 is relatively...

  16. MARINE ECOLOGY PROGRESS SERIES Mar Ecol Prog Ser

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barrier Reef, the second largest barrier reef in the world. Glover's Reef is a remote oceanic atoll, which targeted for conserva- tion in 1993 by the designation of the Glover's Reef Marine Reserve (GRMR). Although at a Caribbean atoll (Glover's Reef, Belize) Ellen K. Pikitch1,4,*, Demian D. Chapman2,4 , Elizabeth A. Babcock3

  17. What does an Ethologist do? -a personal view-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Packard, Jane M.

    BIOLOGY · What is it? · Examples of studies ­ Manatee distribution in Florida & Belize ­ Illegal pet trade - parrots in Mexico ­ Mexican wolf recovery ­ Puma attacks in Big Bend National Park #12;Familiar (offshore) · Nicole Auil- grad student (coastal) #12;Amazon parrots- Mexico #12;Illegal take from nests

  18. How do CDM projects contribute to sustainable development?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, Andrew

    Research CODESSMAC - Consejo para el Desarrollo Sustentable de la Selva Marqués de Comillas ECCM for Belize RBCMA ­ Rio Bravo Conservation and Management Area SEDESOL ­ Secretaría de Desarrollo Social ­ Secretaría de Energía, Government of Mexico SPR ­ Sociedad de Producción Rural UCAI ­ Unidad Coordinadora de

  19. Salt: Mover and Shaker in Ancient Society? LSU and Auburn Scientists Receive $250,041 NSF Grants to investigate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salt: Mover and Shaker in Ancient Society? LSU and Auburn Scientists Receive $250,041 NSF Grants Architecture and the Salt Industry."1 The award is through the Archaeology Program at NSF to Heather Mc salt industry in Paynes Creek National Park, Belize, including its submergence by sea-level rise

  20. CO2 Efflux from Cleared Mangrove Peat Catherine E. Lovelock1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruess, Roger W.

    CO2 Efflux from Cleared Mangrove Peat Catherine E. Lovelock1 *, Roger W. Ruess2 , Ilka C. Feller3 1 on the islands of Twin Cays, Belize. We also disturbed these cleared peat soils to assess what disturbance. Disturbing peat leads to short term increases in CO2 efflux (27 umol m22 s21 ), but this had returned

  1. Latin American and Caribbean Ethnic Studies, Volume 9, Issue 1, 2014, p. 1-22 Blackness and mestizaje: Afro-Caribbean music in Chetumal, Mexico1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    and mestizaje: Afro-Caribbean music in Chetumal, Mexico1 Elisabeth Cunin, IRD-URMIS, CIESAS, UQROO Elisabeth of Mexico bordering Belize. While this region is traditionally associated with a dominant Maya culture or with the first mestizaje in Mexico, I will study Afro-Caribbean music in order to analyze, from a different

  2. On The Linearity of The Black Hole - Bulge Mass Relation in Active and in Nearby Galaxies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ari Laor

    2001-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Analysis of PG quasar observations suggests a nonlinear relation between the black hole mass, M_BH, and the bulge mass, M_bulge, although a linear relation, as proposed for nearby galaxies, cannot be ruled out. New M_BH values for nearby galaxies from Gebhardt et al., and L_bulge measurements for Seyfert 1 galaxies from Virani et al., are used here to obtain a more accurate value for the slope of the M_BH-M_bulge relation. The combined sample of 40 active and non-active galaxies suggests a significantly nonlinear relation, M_BH\\propto M_bulge^{1.53\\pm 0.14}. Further support for a nonlinear relation is provided by the slope of the M_BH-stellar velocity dispersion relation found recently, and by the low M_BH found in late type spiral galaxies. The mean M_BH/M_bulge ratio is therefore not a universal constant, but rather drops from ~0.5% in bright (M_V ~ -22) ellipticals, to ~0.05% in low luminosity (M_V ~ -18) bulges. Hubble Space Telescope determinations of M_BH in late type spirals, and of the bulge magnitude in narrow line Seyfert 1 galaxies (both predicted to have low M_BH), can further test the validity of the nonlinear M_BH-M_bulge relation.

  3. Empowering Women: The Role of Economic Development, Political Culture and Institutional Design in the World’s Societies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander, Amy C.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    women’s empowerment while Croatia, Greece, the Philippines,African Republic, Chile, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech. Republic,Chile Colombia, Costa Rica, Croatia Cyprus, Czech. Republic,

  4. Los Retos de la Difusin de la Ciencia: la Revista Mexicana de Mastozoologa Una de las labores ms relevantes de la Asociacin Mexicana de Mastozoologa es la

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nacional Autónoma de México, Universidad

    Centroamérica. Se han tratado 22 temas de investigación, como conservación, ecología, biogeografía, inventarios

  5. Proyecto Arqueologico Taraco: Informe de las Excavaciones de la Temporada del 2005 en los Sitios de Sonaje y Kala Uyuni

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    sustancia de características minerales y color blanquecinomicáceas y con otros minerales; con las pastas ricas en micamanchas por presencia de minerales como magnesio, cobre, o

  6. Malawi-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the Philippines, Serbia, and Vietnam. Fact Sheet...

  7. Kazakhstan-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the Philippines, Serbia, and Vietnam. Fact Sheet...

  8. Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies (EC...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Country Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Georgia, India, Indonesia, Kenya, Republic of Macedonia, Malawi, Mexico, Moldova, Philippines, South Africa, Serbia,...

  9. Ukraine-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    13 countries, including Albania, Bangladesh, Colombia, Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the Philippines, Serbia, and Vietnam. Fact Sheet...

  10. 24 Guatemala 1 1 COLLEGES (STUDENTS)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collins, Gary S.

    Costa Rica 3 46 Malaysia 7 80 United Arab Emirates 2 13 Cyprus 1 47 Mauritania 1 81 United Kingdom 13 14

  11. A Review of the World Bank Forest Carbon Partnership Facility...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    This working paper includes new analyses of the six R-PPs recently submitted by Argentina, Costa Rica, Kenya, Nepal, Republic of Congo and Tanzania for formal consideration...

  12. Revue de presse hebdomadaire 08 14 Fvrier 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rennes, Université de

    salvado su fortuna. REPORTAJE: REIVINDICACI�N HIST�RICA El héroe sin medalla (Por JES�S DUVA) : El aviador

  13. assessing holocene settlement: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Analysis in Costa Rica By Anne Egitto Creating a GIS Database +Database Creation ? Locational Information ? Lambert Coordinates ? Site name, code, time period ?Site typefunction...

  14. african refugee settlement: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Analysis in Costa Rica By Anne Egitto Creating a GIS Database +Database Creation ? Locational Information ? Lambert Coordinates ? Site name, code, time period ?Site typefunction...

  15. age fortified settlements: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Analysis in Costa Rica By Anne Egitto Creating a GIS Database +Database Creation ? Locational Information ? Lambert Coordinates ? Site name, code, time period ?Site typefunction...

  16. The Right to Life with Dignity: Economic and Social Rights Respect in the World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolp, Felicity Ann

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Arabia Senegal Serbia and Montenegro Seychelles Sierra LeoneBelgium Barbados Serbia and Montenegro Romania Japan SpainFreq. Poland Serbia & Montenegro Seychelles China Costa Rica

  17. Investigacin Centro de Investigacin y de Estudios Avanzados del Instituto Politcnico Nacional

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , formación de galaxias y colapso gravitacional, simulaciones numéricas. Miguel Angel Meléndez Lira Materia

  18. Ciclo de Conferencias Jorge Alberto Gonzlez

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tradacete, Pedro

    resolverán problemas en clase. Se realizarán simulaciones numéricas de los modelos matemáticos presentados

  19. WHO REPORT ON THE GLOBAL TOBACCO EPIDEMIC, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WHO World Health Organization

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Malaysia*, Mauritius, Mongolia, Netherlands, New Zealand,Rica, Ecuador, Lebanon, Mongolia, Nepal, Papua New GuineaMalta, Marshall Islands, Mongolia*, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal*,

  20. Mayors, Markets and Municipal Reform: The Politics of Water Delivery in Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herrera, Veronica Maria Sol

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Rica was founded as a PEMEX oil town in 1951, a conditionyears of oil extraction, PEMEX provided employment forimportant city for the PRI. PEMEX actually constructed the

  1. alteracoes nos atributos: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Rica. Professional Development Jun 2012 Jimenez, Silvia 7 Burngrange Nos.1 and 2 (oil Shale) Mine, Midlothian Edinburgh, University of - Research Archive Summary: BURNGRANGE...

  2. assimetrias nos mandatos: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Rica. Professional Development Jun 2012 Jimenez, Silvia 5 Burngrange Nos.1 and 2 (oil Shale) Mine, Midlothian Edinburgh, University of - Research Archive Summary: BURNGRANGE...

  3. avolatilidade eleitoral nos: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Rica. Professional Development Jun 2012 Jimenez, Silvia 5 Burngrange Nos.1 and 2 (oil Shale) Mine, Midlothian Edinburgh, University of - Research Archive Summary: BURNGRANGE...

  4. adequado nos dois: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Rica. Professional Development Jun 2012 Jimenez, Silvia 7 Burngrange Nos.1 and 2 (oil Shale) Mine, Midlothian Edinburgh, University of - Research Archive Summary: BURNGRANGE...

  5. anomura aeglidae nos: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Rica. Professional Development Jun 2012 Jimenez, Silvia 7 Burngrange Nos.1 and 2 (oil Shale) Mine, Midlothian Edinburgh, University of - Research Archive Summary: BURNGRANGE...

  6. abdominais nos traumatizados: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Rica. Professional Development Jun 2012 Jimenez, Silvia 5 Burngrange Nos.1 and 2 (oil Shale) Mine, Midlothian Edinburgh, University of - Research Archive Summary: BURNGRANGE...

  7. activimetros utilizados nos: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Rica. Professional Development Jun 2012 Jimenez, Silvia 6 Burngrange Nos.1 and 2 (oil Shale) Mine, Midlothian Edinburgh, University of - Research Archive Summary: BURNGRANGE...

  8. ansiedade nos motociclistas: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Rica. Professional Development Jun 2012 Jimenez, Silvia 10 Burngrange Nos.1 and 2 (oil Shale) Mine, Midlothian Edinburgh, University of - Research Archive Summary: BURNGRANGE...

  9. Fsica de la Tierra ISSN: XXXX-XXXX Vol. --Nm. -(ao) pg inicial-pg final

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    locales, ruido sísmico, Vs30, EC8, Simulación numérica, Sismo de Lorca. Site effects characterization

  10. abadengo siglos xiii-xvi: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    INESTABILIDAD DEMOCRTICA EN LA AM?RICA DEL SIGLO XXI: LOS CASOS DE ARGENTINA Y VENEZUELA. Joo Venezuela, consideradas en el pasado reciente naciones con modelos de...

  11. amrica del sur: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    INESTABILIDAD DEMOCRTICA EN LA AM?RICA DEL SIGLO XXI: LOS CASOS DE ARGENTINA Y VENEZUELA. Joo Venezuela, consideradas en el pasado reciente naciones con modelos de...

  12. Downloading Competition Law from a Regional Trade Agreement (RTA): A New Strategy to Introduce Competion Law in Bolivia and Ecuador

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marcos, Francisco

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    El derecho de la competencia en Bolivia”, Rev. Derecho de laal Consumidor. Casos de Bolivia, Costa Rica, El Salvador,INTRODUCE COMPETITION LAW IN BOLIVIA AND ECUADOR Francisco

  13. 2500 University Drive N.W., Calgary, Alberta, Canada T2N 1N4 www.schulich.ucalgary.ca FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Calgary, University of

    (WLED) lighting solutions powered by renewable energy to the world's poor in ecologically sensitive including Afghanistan, Bolivia, China, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Ghana, Guatemala, India

  14. Guatemala-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the Philippines, Serbia, and Vietnam. Fact Sheet EC-LEDSfactsheet.pdf References "EC-LEDS" Retrieved...

  15. Georgia-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the Philippines, Serbia, and Vietnam. Fact Sheet EC-LEDSfactsheet.pdf References "EC-LEDS" Retrieved from...

  16. Vietnam-Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Costa Rica, Gabon, Indonesia, Kenya, Macedonia, Mexico, Moldova, the Philippines, Serbia, and Vietnam. Fact Sheet EC-LEDSfactsheet.pdf References "EC-LEDS" Retrieved from...

  17. Superbase-derived protic ionic liquids

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dai, Sheng; Luo, Huimin; Baker, Gary A.

    2013-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Protic ionic liquids having a composition of formula (A.sup.-)(BH.sup.+) wherein A.sup.- is a conjugate base of an acid HA, and BH.sup.+ is a conjugate acid of a superbase B. In particular embodiments, BH.sup.+ is selected from phosphazenium species and guanidinium species encompassed, respectively, by the general formulas: ##STR00001## The invention is also directed to films and membranes containing these protic ionic liquids, with particular application as proton exchange membranes for fuel cells.

  18. Skin friction blistering: computer model.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xing, Malcolm; Pan, Ning; Zhong, Wen; Maibach, Howard

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    on blisters produced by friction. I. Results of linearDuplantis KL, Jones BH. Friction blisters. Pathophysiology,WA, Sulzberger MB. The friction blister. Mil Med 6. Cortese

  19. Friction Induced Skin Tags

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allegue, Francisco; Fachal, Carmen; Pérez-Pérez, Lidia

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Duplantis KL, Jones BH. Friction blisters. Pathophysiology,Friction Induced Skin Tags Francisco Allegue MD 1 , Carmenetiopathogenic role for friction. Introduction Skin tags (

  20. Final Report for the DOE Metal Hydride Center of Excellence

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    stable, the carbon aerogels are more widely available. For LiBH 4 confined in carbon aerogel, preliminary measurements of CH 4 formation during dehydrogenation showed that CH...

  1. Development of a Sorption Enhanced Steam Hydrogasification Process for In-situ Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Removal and Enhanced Synthetic Fuel Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Zhongzhe

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Song BH, Norbeck JM. Methane steam reforming for syntheticfuel production from steam-hydrogasifier product gases.of advanced models for steam hydrogasification: process

  2. RECORD OF CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION DETERMINATION Project ID No....

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    85 Title: Install Temperature Monitoring on BH 36 inch Crude Oil Pipeline Description: Subcontractor shall shall provide all labor, materials, tools, equipment, and supervision...

  3. Accretion of Dark Energy onto Higher Dimensional Charged BTZ Black Hole

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ujjal Debnath

    2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In this work, we have studied the accretion of $(n+2)$-dimensional charged BTZ black hole (BH). The critical point and square speed of sound have been obtained. The mass of the BTZ BH has been calculated and we have observed that the mass of the BTZ BH is related with square root of the energy density of dark energy which accretes onto BH in our accelerating FRW universe. We have assumed modified Chaplygin gas (MCG) as a candidate of dark energy which accretes onto BH and we have found the expression of BTZ BH mass. Since in our solution of MCG, this model generates only quintessence dark energy (not phantom) and so BTZ BH mass increases during the whole evolution of the accelerating universe. Next we have assumed 5 kinds of parametrizations of well known dark energy models. These models generate both quintessence and phantom scenarios i.e., phantom crossing models. So if these dark energies accrete onto the BTZ BH, then in quintessence stage, BH mass increases upto a certain value (finite value) and then decreases to a certain finite value for phantom stage during whole evolution of the universe. We have shown these results graphically.

  4. advanced hydrogen production: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Energy Websites Summary: World Hydrogen Energy Conference, June 2002, Montreal, Canada. LiBH4 (lithium tetrahydroboride) - Salt. Hydrogen Energy, 23, 1103-1108...

  5. Photography | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the Photography Office and the Energy Technology Visuals Collection (ETVC) Visuals Library. Photography Forrestal: Room BH-071 Phone: (202) 586-1350 The Photography Office is a...

  6. (12) United States Patent Jalali et al.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jalali. Bahram

    .V. Bennet, E.P. Scott and B.H. Kolner, "Temporal Mag ni?cation and Reversal of 100Gb/s Optical Data

  7. LU ET AL. VOL. XXX ' NO. XX ' 000000 ' XXXX A www.acsnano.org

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    such as hydrazine28 or NaBH4,29 through thermal treatments,11,30,31 or via UV-assisted photocatalysis,32

  8. Distribution and Invasion Potential of Limonium ramosissimum subsp. provinciale in San Francisco Estuary Salt Marshes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Archbald, Gavin; Boyer, Katharyn E.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    on identification of Limonium spp. in the Carpinteria SaltMarsh Reserve (Carpinteria, CA). Traut BH. 2005. The role ofclimate estuarine wetland at Carpinteria, California: plant

  9. Este artculo es copia fiel de la ponencia presentada al "SIMPOSIO SOBRE LAS RELACIONES UNIN EUROPEA-AMRICA LATINA: LA DIMENSIN PARLAMENTARIA" con ocasin del

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    EUROPEA-AM�RICA LATINA: LA DIMENSI�N PARLAMENTARIA" con ocasión del VI Congreso CEISAL, Toulouse, (Francia encuentros entre la UE y los distintos bloques regionales (Mercosur, CAN y Centroamérica), con los países2010 Author manuscript, published in "Independencias - Dependencias - Interdependencias VI Congreso

  10. WINTER 2014 Sustainability and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stephens, Graeme L.

    WINTER 2014 Sustainability and Renewable Energy in Costa Rica January 4 - 14 Dr. James Hoffmann, Program Director Lecturer Sustainability Studies Program E-511 Melville Library Stony Brook, NY 11794 sustainability and renewable energy. Students will spend 11 days in Costa Rica to participate in site visits

  11. 2014 STUDY ABROAD FAIR RSVP list as of 8/14/14

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Politics and Aboriginal Culture Institute of International Health AUSTRALIA/UNSW Summer Program ­ Energy/Internships in Toronto CHINA/Business Studies at the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology CHINA/City University of Hong Kong CHINA/Internships in China CHINA/Marketing in China COSTA RICA/Costa Rica: Development

  12. Treasures of Colombia, Panama,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Jaswinder Pal

    s Treasures of Colombia, Panama, & Costa Rica Aboard the Variety Voyager · January 10­19, 2014 nights in Cartagena, Colombia, board the state-of-the-art yacht Variety Voyager for a seven-night voyage and birds in Colombia, Panama, and Costa Rica, including the tamandua, or anteater (cover), with thick

  13. Page 1 of 8 CHEM 3311, Fall 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walba, David

    : _____________________________ This is a closed-book exam. The use of notes, calculators, scratch paper, or cell phones will not be allowed during) bond of 2-methoxypropane (1) by completing the energy diagram below. Sight down the O-C(2) bond: 4) ­continued- Borane (BH3) reacts with sodium hydride (Na+ H- ) to give sodium borohydride (Na+ BH4

  14. Effects of osteoporosis therapies on bone biomechanics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Easley, Sarah Kathleen

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Data 55 kVp, BH: 200 mg HA/ccm, Scaling Calib. defaultDensity) Density: unit mg HA/ccm Density: slope 2.62261993e+Data 55 kVp, BH: 200 mg HA/ccm, Scaling Calib. default unit

  15. Accretion onto the Massive Black HoleAccretion onto the Massive Black Hole in the Galactic Centerin the Galactic Center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wurtele, Jonathan

    MM Largest BH on the sky (horizonLargest BH on the sky (horizon 88 µµ"")) ­­ VLBI imaging of horizon ... X-ray Flares Inferred efficiency luminous BHs #12;Arguments Against, Geometricallyproceeding via an Optically Thick, Geometrically Thin Disk, as in Luminous AGNThin Disk, as in Luminous AGN 1

  16. What's new at Imperial? Undergraduate courses 2010 entry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    4 Chemical Engineering (MEng) Chemical Eng and Chemical Technology H802 4 Chemical Engineering with a Year Abroad (MEng) Chemical Eng and Chemical Technology H890 4 Chemical with Nuclear Engineering (MEng Biomaterials and Tissue Engineering (MEng) Materials BH81 3 Biomedical Engineering (BEng) Bioengineering BH9C 4

  17. Science Arts & Mtiers (SAM) is an open access repository that collects the work of Arts et Mtiers ParisTech

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    stochastic model of anhysteretic non-linear B(H) curve is proposed for the ferromagnetic yokes of the stator of these five parameters on the flux linkage of one phase of the stator winding depending on the excitation) and investigate where the characterization process of the B(H) curve should focus to improve the accuracy

  18. Search for a neutral Higgs boson in B-meson decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baringer, Philip S.

    1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Using the CLEO detector at the Cornell Electron Storage Ring we have searched for neutral-Higgs-boson production in B decay, both through the exclusive modes B?H(0)K and B?H(0)K? using the decay of the H(0) into a pair of muons, pions, or kaons...

  19. X-ray observations of neutron stars and black holes in nearby

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolfe, Patrick J.

    find them · Accretion disks : Gravitational energy of gas is converted to thermal energy L= GM mc2 R.g. Disk-BB to measure BH mass power-laws to distinguish pulsar from BH binaries K M M 102T 41 7

  20. Quasi-normal modes: the "electrons" of black holes as "gravitational atoms"? Implications for the black hole information puzzle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christian Corda

    2015-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Some recent important results on black hole (BH) quantum physics concerning the BH effective state and the natural correspondence between Hawking radiation and BH quasi-normal modes (QNMs) are reviewed, clarified and refined. Such a correspondence permits to naturally interpret QNMs as quantum levels in a semi-classical model. This is a model of BH somewhat similar to the historical semi-classical model of the structure of a hydrogen atom introduced by Bohr in 1913. In a certain sense, QNMs represent the "electron" which jumps from a level to another one and the absolute values of the QNMs frequencies "triggered" by emissions (Hawking radiation) and absorption of particles represent the energy "shells" of the "gravitational hydrogen atom". Important consequences on the BH information puzzle are discussed. In fact, it is shown that the time evolution of this "Bohr-like BH model" obeys to a time dependent Schr\\"odinger equation which permits the final BH state to be a pure quantum state instead of a mixed one. Thus, information comes out in BH evaporation, in agreement with the assumption by 't Hooft that Schr\\"oedinger equations can be used universally for all dynamics in the universe. We also show that, in addition, our approach solves the entanglement problem connected with the information paradox. We emphasize that Bohr model is an approximated model of the hydrogen atom with respect to the valence shell atom model of full quantum mechanics. In the same way, we expect the Bohr-like BH model to be an approximated model with respect to the definitive, but at the present time unknown, BH model arising from a full quantum gravity theory.

  1. Black hole quasi-normal modes: the "electrons" of quantum gravity? Implications for the black hole information puzzle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christian Corda

    2015-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Some recent important results on black hole (BH) quantum physics concerning the BH effective state and the natural correspondence between Hawking radiation and BH quasi-normal modes (QNMs) are reviewed, clarified and refined. Such a correspondence permits to naturally interpret QNMs as quantum levels in a semi-classical model. This is a model of BH somewhat similar to the historical semi-classical model of the structure of a hydrogen atom introduced by Bohr in 1913. In a certain sense, QNMs represent the "electron" which jumps from a level to another one and the absolute values of the QNMs frequencies "triggered" by emissions (Hawking radiation) and absorption of particles represent the energy "shells" of the "gravitational hydrogen atom". Important consequences on the BH information puzzle are discussed. In fact, it is shown that the time evolution of this "Bohr-like BH model" obeys to a time dependent Schr\\"odinger equation which permits the final BH state to be a pure quantum state instead of a mixed one. Thus, information comes out in BH evaporation, in agreement with the assumption by 't Hooft that Schr\\"oedinger equations can be used universally for all dynamics in the universe. We also show that, in addition, our approach solves the entanglement problem connected with the information paradox. We emphasize that Bohr model is an approximated model of the hydrogen atom with respect to the valence shell atom model of full quantum mechanics. In the same way, we expect the Bohr-like BH model to be an approximated model with respect to the definitive, but at the present time unknown, BH model arising from a full quantum gravity theory. If the analogy between electron and QNMs is correct, this could be the first, important step for the realization of a new approach to quantum gravity that we could call "QNMs quantum gravity".

  2. Quasi-normal modes: the "electrons" of black holes as "gravitational atoms"? Implications for the black hole information puzzle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christian Corda

    2015-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Some recent important results on black hole (BH) quantum physics concerning the BH effective state and the natural correspondence between Hawking radiation and BH quasi-normal modes (QNMs) are reviewed, clarified and refined. Such a correspondence permits to naturally interpret QNMs as quantum levels in a semi-classical model. This is a model of BH somewhat similar to the historical semi-classical model of the structure of a hydrogen atom introduced by Bohr in 1913. In a certain sense, QNMs represent the "electron" which jumps from a level to another one and the absolute values of the QNMs frequencies "triggered" by emissions (Hawking radiation) and absorption of particles represent the energy "shells" of the "gravitational hydrogen atom". Important consequences on the BH information puzzle are discussed. In fact, it is shown that the time evolution of this "Bohr-like BH model" obeys to a time dependent Schr\\"odinger equation which permits the final BH state to be a pure quantum state instead of a mixed one. Thus, information comes out in BH evaporation, in agreement with the assumption by 't Hooft that Schr\\"oedinger equations can be used universally for all dynamics in the universe. We also show that, in addition, our approach solves the entanglement problem connected with the information paradox. We emphasize that Bohr model is an approximated model of the hydrogen atom with respect to the valence shell atom model of full quantum mechanics. In the same way, we expect the Bohr-like BH model to be an approximated model with respect to the definitive, but at the present time unknown, BH model arising from a full quantum gravity theory.

  3. Cosmic Evolution of Black Holes and Spheroids. V. The Relation Between Black Hole Mass and Host Galaxy Luminosity for a Sample of 79 Active Galaxies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Park, Daeseong; Bennert, Vardha N; Treu, Tommaso; Auger, Matthew W; Malkan, Matthew A

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the cosmic evolution of the black hole (BH) mass -- bulge luminosity relation using a sample of 52 active galaxies at $z \\sim 0.36$ and $z \\sim 0.57$ in the BH mass range of $10^{7.4-9.1} M_{\\odot}$. By consistently applying multi-component spectral and structural decomposition to high-quality Keck spectra and high-resolution HST images, BH masses ($M_{\\rm BH}$) are estimated using the H$\\beta$ broad emission line combined with the 5100 \\AA\\ nuclear luminosity, and bulge luminosities ($L_{\\rm bul}$) are derived from surface photometry. Comparing the resulting $M_{\\rm BH}-L_{\\rm bul}$ relation to local active galaxies and taking into account selection effects, we find evolution of the form $M_{\\rm BH} / L_{\\rm bul} \\propto (1+z)^{\\gamma}$ with $\\gamma=1.8\\pm0.7$, consistent with BH growth preceding that of the host galaxies. Including an additional sample of 27 active galaxies with $0.5

  4. Black hole quasi-normal modes: the "electrons" of quantum gravity? Implications for the black hole information puzzle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Corda, Christian

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Some recent important results on black hole (BH) quantum physics concerning the BH effective state and the natural correspondence between Hawking radiation and BH quasi-normal modes (QNMs) are reviewed, clarified and refined. Such a correspondence permits to naturally interpret QNMs as quantum levels in a semi-classical model. This is a model of BH somewhat similar to the historical semi-classical model of the structure of a hydrogen atom introduced by Bohr in 1913. In a certain sense, QNMs represent the "electron" which jumps from a level to another one and the absolute values of the QNMs frequencies "triggered" by emissions (Hawking radiation) and absorption of particles represent the energy "shells" of the "gravitational hydrogen atom". Important consequences on the BH information puzzle are discussed. In fact, it is shown that the time evolution of this "Bohr-like BH model" obeys to a time dependent Schr\\"odinger equation which permits the final BH state to be a pure quantum state instead of a mixed one. ...

  5. NOVEL CATALYTIC EFFECTS OF FULLERENE FOR LIBH4 HYDROGEN UPTAKE AND RELEASE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wellons, M; Ragaiy Zidan, R; Polly Perseth, P

    2008-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Our recent novel finding, involving a synergistic experiment and first-principles theory, shows that carbon nanostructures can be used as catalysts for hydrogen uptake/release in aluminum based complex metal hydrides (sodium alanate) and also provides an unambiguous understanding of how the catalysts work. Here we show that the same concepts can be applied to boron based complex hydride such as lithium borohydride, LiBH{sub 4}. Taking into account electronegativity and curvature effect a fullerene-LiBH{sub 4} composite demonstrates catalytic properties with not only lowered hydrogen desorption temperatures, but regenerative rehydriding at relatively lower temperature of 350 C. This catalytic effect likely originates from interfering with the charge transfer from Li to the BH4 moiety, resulting in an ionic bond between Li{sup +} and BH{sub 4}{sup -}, and a covalent bond between B and H. Interaction of LiBH{sub 4} with an electronegative substrate such as carbon fullerene affects the ability of Li to donate its charge to BH{sub 4}, consequently weakening the B-H bond and causing hydrogen to desorb at lower temperatures as well as facilitating the absorption of H{sub 2} to reverse the dehydrogenation reaction. Degradation of cycling capacity is observed and is attributed to forming irreversible intermediates or diboranes.

  6. Gobiesox strumosus TCWC 16774.03 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Conway, K.W.

    2015-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

    , Vikram Sridhar, and Rica Zhang ? “Modeling Weather Sensitive Loads in Paint Booths: An Engineering Analysis of a General Motors Assembly Plant” • Jingwei Deng, Josh Laveman, Katie MacAdam, and Kunyao Yu ? “Development of Statistical Energy Analysis...

  7. Rural electrification, climate change, and local economies: Facilitating communication in development policy and practice on Nicaragua's Atlantic Coast

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casillas, Christian E.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    House, D.  W.  (2006).  Biogas Handbook.  Alternative House term operation of a  small biogas/diesel dual?fuel engine generation with  biogas in Costa Rica.  Retrieved from 

  8. Voltage and Length-Dependent Phase Diagram of the Electronic Transport in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bunch, Scott

    Sundqvist, Francisco J. Garcia-Vidal,*, Fernando Flores, Miriam Moreno-Moreno, Cristina Go´mez-Navarro,§ Joseph Scott Bunch,| and Julio Go´mez-Herrero Departamento de Fi´sica Teo´rica de la Materia Condensada

  9. austria bulgaria canada: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Burundi 1 Cameroon 6 Canada 7 Chile 6 China, People's Rep. 26 Colombia 13 Costa Rica 4 Croatia 1 Cuba 1 Cyprus 5 Snider, Barry B. 38 Post-Quantum Signatures Johannes Buchmann...

  10. Natura i desenvolupament. El medi ambient a l'Edat Mitjana (XI Curs d'Estiu, Ctedra d'Estudis Medievals Comtat d'Urgell, Balaguer, 12-14 juillet 2006), Lleida, Pags, 2007, 73-98.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Península ibérica. Tres obras fundamentales se encuentran en casi todos los inventarios de bibliotecas que a partir de los verbos gignere, "engendrar", e irasci, "actuar con violencia, 1 Los inventarios de

  11. Siedlungshygiene in Entwicklungslndern Forschung zur Armutsbekmpfung!

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wehrli, Bernhard

    ) a financially viable option for organic waste management in Costa Rica. #12;«Süd» Universität Einsammlung & Speicherung Benutzer Interface Transport Behandlung Recycling & Entsorgung #12;Die Planung und & Speicherung Benutzer Interface Transport Behandlung Recycling & Entsorgung Schlamm #12

  12. Use and analysis of new optimization techniques for decision theory and data mining

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moreno Centeno, Erick

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Dom. Rep. Dom. Rep. Dom. Rep. Kazakhstan Dom. Rep. Czech RepRussia Russia Russia Russia Kazakhstan Dom. Rep. Costa RicaBB- Ba3 Uruguay BBB- Kazakhstan B+ Ba3 Venezuela B Korea Rep

  13. BIOTROPICA 37(3): 328336 2005 10.1111/j.1744-7429.2005.00043.x Retention of Inorganic Nitrogen by Epiphytic Bryophytes in a Tropical Montane Forest1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    lluvia. Basandose en medidas de estructure del bosque y la biomasa de ep´ifitas se derivo un modelo multi en la biomasa, la hojarasca y el humus. Key words: atmospheric deposition; Costa Rica; epiphytic

  14. The linkage between investments in extension and farmers' adoption of soil and water conservation practices in southern Honduras

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Santos Chavez, Hector Ricardo

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    \\ bomayagua r Francisco ': Morazan Olancho * fi a Paz ". . ' Tegucigstpa El Paraiso Cuba Valle', ', Choluteca P AChqtutec l -r Mexic B ttze Canbbean slams . . tgcrurdms El Ntca ua Namasigue El Triunfo Pacilic Ocean Cost Rica enam Figure 1...

  15. Ethiopia and the Horn of Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demissie, Fassil

    1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    de- nocratic revolution in Ethiopia, the synpathy and whole-ETHIOPIA PND THE ffl~ OF JlfRICA~ by Fassil Demissie 'Ibe>lens of revolution in Ethiopia, the specific fonns it would

  16. 24.03.2013 | Se edit en Baha Blanca David y el general de Coral Aguirre Recuperando obras y

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maguitman, Ana Gabriela

    sintetizar una trayectoria tan rica en trabajo y creaciones, y a la vez es muy importante aprovechar el cantante Ivonne Garza. Escribe dos novelas de profunda intensidad: Larga distancia (2004) y Los últimos

  17. Programa de Intercambio Universidad Nacional Second Semester 2011 (July 16th

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Petriu, Emil M.

    Vida Estudiantil Departamento de Bienestar Estudiantil P.O Box: 2598-3000 Heredia, Costa Rica, C@una.ac.cr Cultural and Social Support Licda. María Isabel Hidalgo Vargas Tel: (506)2562-6018 Fax: (506

  18. Accepted by S. Carranza: 31 Jan. 2013; published: 13 Mar. 2013 295 ISSN 1175-5326 (print edition)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poe, Steven

    by those not working in Costa Rica. In 2012 we have Lady Gaga continuing Madonna's tramp-diva legacy, TMZ). But just as Lady Gaga recycles Madonna and TMZ unnecessarily claims Geraldo's old job, the anole taxonomy

  19. Accepted by J. Whitfield: 7 Dec. 2004; published: 17 Dec. 2004 1 ISSN 1175-5326 (print edition)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Villemant, Claire

    with significant indigenous radiations in the New World are Azteca, Dolichoderus, Dory- myrmex, Forelius tramp species and, paradoxi- cally, one native species from Panama and Costa Rica (Wheeler 1934, Longino

  20. The NASA Tropical Composition, Cloud and Climate Coupling Mission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    a dramatic effect on the overall amount of radiation and heat the Earth's atmosphere contains. These systems Rica in the Gulf of Panama are remarkably intense for tropical maritime systems due to a number

  1. Subduction dynamics at the middle America trench : new constraints from swath bathymetry, multichannel seismic data, and ¹?Be

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kelly, Robyn K

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The cosmogenic radionuclide ¹?Be is a unique tracer of shallow sediment subduction in volcanic arcs. The range in ¹?Be enrichment in the Central American Volcanic Arc between Guatemala and Costa Rica is not controlled by ...

  2. arenal volcano costa: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    flank of Arenal volcano, Costa Rica, Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 11, Q12004, doi:10 Biggs, Juliet 14 FORAGING AND NESTING ECOLOGY OF A COSTA RICAN LEAF-CUTTING ANT, ACROMYRMEX...

  3. How to reconcile product standardization and diversity of agricultural practices? A challenge for research-action in partnership: the case of farmers' organizations in Costa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    .) with high level risks related to price variations in international markets. Farmers' organizations play standards. In Costa Rica three stakeholders; a farmers' organization MNC (Mesa Nacional CaHow to reconcile product standardization and diversity of agricultural practices? A challenge

  4. antarctic station casey: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    SOAP for setting up the tetheredsonde All of the Costa Rica REU groups for data 148 OF CAR SHARING STATIONS CiteSeer Summary: Approximately half of the worlds population is...

  5. National Identities in Central American in a Comparative Perspective: The Modern Public Sphere and the Celebration of Centennial of Central American Independence September 15, 1921

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fumero-Vargas, Ana Patricia

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In each of the Central American countries, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica, the degree of development of the public sphere and political practices determined the way in which national identity ...

  6. Robert is a first-generation college student, who actually spent his first months living and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kasman, Alex

    are really helpful and cool.All of them maintain an open-door policy, which is awesome. "In one professor, Argentina; and summer programs in Costa Rica, Panama, Peru and Spain. Our graduates move on to study

  7. Brandeis University Latin American and Latino Studies current number of majors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fraden, Seth

    , society and policy Website: brandeis.edu/programs/lals ABoUt the progrAm the Latin American and Latino Students have studied at universities in Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Costa rica, Cuba, the Dominican

  8. Systematics of the Bufo Valliceps Group (Anura: Bufonidae) of Middle America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mendelson, Joseph R. III

    1997-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

    A phylogenetic analysis of morphological characters revealed that the species content of the Bufo valliceps group is limited to eight species (two of them new) occurring between the southern United States and Costa Rica. ...

  9. Marshall, J.S., Gardner, T.W., Protti, M., and Nourse, J.A., 2009, International geosciences field research with undergraduate students: Three models for expe-riential learning projects investigating active tectonics of the Nicoya Peninsula, Costa Rica, i

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marshall, Jeffrey S.

    1 Marshall, J.S., Gardner, T.W., Protti, M., and Nourse, J.A., 2009, International geosciences. Marshall Geological Sciences Department, Cal Poly Pomona University, Pomona, California 91768, USA Thomas W of their home learning environment, international field #12;2 Marshall et al. spe461-08 page 2 of 22

  10. Some associations of rainfall in Central America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barnard, Sidney Owen

    1965-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    on the Pacific coast of Costa Rica and Panama. Generally, high associations are limited to small geographical areas. The Pacific coast areas have higher association than do areas in the mountains or on the Caribbean coast. Associations across the isthmus... activity is not evident in the mountains. Association patterns in southern Costa Rica and southwestern Panama suggest that relatively small terrain features combined with the sea breeze front have great effects on the rainfall variations...

  11. A cross-national study of the pattern of modernization in the developing countries, 1965-75

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Choi, Kwok-on Frankie

    1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    COUNTRIES? 1965 AND 1973 (IN U. S. $) Countries 1965" GNP Rank 1 973+? GNP Rank Venezuela Argentina Greece Uraguay Chile Spain Libya Jamaica Panama Mexico Lebanon Costa Rica Portugal Peru Nicaragua Guatemala Malaysia Ghana Colombia... Portugal Greece Kenya (white pop. only) Lebanon Iran Jordan C olombia Jamaica Libya Brazil Malaysia Uraguay Paraguay Peru Mexico Syria Egypt Iraq Sri Lanka Costa Rica Panama Guatemala Ecuador South Korea Ghana Ethiopia Turkey India...

  12. Biogeographical and Evolutionary Relationships Among Central American Small-Eared Shrews of the Genus Cryptotis (Mammalia: Insectivora: Soricidae)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woodman, Neal

    1992-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

    that greatly facilitated my work. Guillermo Canessa M., Miguel Rodriguez R., and Carlos Salas A., Servicio de Vida Silvestre, San José, issued collection permits for shrews in Costa Rica, and William Aspinal and the Tropical Science Center provided... Cryptotis gracilis (20).—COSTA RICA: CARTAGO: Volcán Irazú, Finca Coliblanco, 2350 m (2 UMMZ); Volcán Irazú, .25 mi N of San Juan Chicoa, 2860 m (1 UMMZ); Volcán Irazú, 2500 m (1 KU); Volcán Turrialba, Hacienda El Retiro, 2590 m (4 UMMZ). SAN JÓSE: Cerro...

  13. Development of long wavelength single longitudinal (SLM) injection laser diodes. Final technical report, November 1979-December 1980

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Speer, F.D.; Stockton, T.E.

    1980-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Development of Long Wavelength Single Longitudinal (SLM) Injection Laser Diodes emitting in the 1.3 micron region, utilizing a buried heterojunction BH structure is described. This final report describes efforts directed toward the development and optimization of these type devices and, in particular, concentrates on the following points: (1) Optimization of the double heterojunction DH structure; (2) Process development connected with the fabrication of buried heterojunction BH laser structures; (3) Modification BH laser structure and fabrication technique to optimize severe melt back; (4) Modification of the regrowth LPE technique to resolve melt back and the optimization of the N-P reverse bias junctions; and (5) Device performance.

  14. A photometric method to determine supermassive black hole masses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. W. Graham; P. Erwin; N. Caon; I. Trujillo

    2002-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

    We report the discovery of a strong correlation between the shape of a bulge's light-profile and the mass of its central supermassive black hole (M_{bh}). We find that log(M_{bh}/M_{sun}) = 2.91(+/-0.38)log(n) + 6.37(+/-0.21), where `n' is the Sersic r^{1/n} shape index of the bulge. This correlation is marginally stronger than the relationship between the logarithm of the stellar velocity dispersion and log(M_{bh}) and has comparable scatter. It therefore offers a cheap (in terms of telescope time) alternative to estimating the masses of supermassive black holes.

  15. Microstructural investigations of rare-earth transition-metal...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Corp. Temperature dependences of BH max Source: Prof. Oliver Gutfleisch, IFW Dresden, Germany Nd-Fe-B Sm-Co 2:17 Nd-Dy-Fe-B Ferrite The state of the art in terms of magnetic...

  16. A feedback compression star formation model and the black hole - bulge relations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bing-Xiao Xu; Xue-Bing Wu

    2007-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a "feedback compression" model to describe the galactic spheroid formation and its relation with the central nuclear activity. We suggest that the star formation itself can serve as the "positive feedback" in some extremely dense region to trigger the starburst. The star formation rate as well as the related stellar feedback-induced turbulence will be maximized under the regulation of the background dark halo's gravity. There is also stellar feedback acting inward to confine and obscure the central black hole (BH) till the BH grows sufficiently large to satisfy a balance condition between the accretion disk wind and the inward stellar feedback. The extremely vigorous star formation activity, the BH - bulge relations, the maximum velocity dispersion as well as the maximum BH mass are investigated based on such scenario, and are found to be consistent with observations.

  17. Structural Studies of the Catalytic and Regulatory Mechanisms of Phenylalanine Hydroxylase

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Jun

    2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    The catalytic and regulatory mechanisms of phenylalanine hydroxylase were investigated by structural studies of in this research. Phenylalanine hydroxylase (PheH) hydroxylates phenylalanine to produce tyrosine using tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4...

  18. Pseudo-Newtonian simulations of black hole-neutron star mergers as possible progenitors of short-duration gamma-ray bursts 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sriskantha, Hari Haran

    2014-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Black hole-neutron star (BH-NS) mergers are promising candidates for the progenitors of short-duration gamma-ray bursts (GRBs). With the right initial conditions, the neutron star becomes tidally disrupted, eventually ...

  19. High capacity stabilized complex hydrides for hydrogen storage

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Zidan, Ragaiy; Mohtadi, Rana F; Fewox, Christopher; Sivasubramanian, Premkumar

    2014-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Complex hydrides based on Al(BH.sub.4).sub.3 are stabilized by the presence of one or more additional metal elements or organic adducts to provide high capacity hydrogen storage material.

  20. Synthesis and Characterization of Methylammonium Borohydride...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    is expected to disrupt the hydrogen bonding network of NH4+BH4- and in turn alter the hydrogen release properties. Room temperature X-ray diffraction studies have shown that...

  1. FreedomCAR and Fuel Partnership 2008 Highlights of Technical...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    being considered further, the incorporation of LiBH 4 MgH 2 into highly porous aerogels remains of interest due to the potential to improve the kinetic and thermodynamic...

  2. CX-001518: Categorical Exclusion Determination

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Re-seal Polyurethane Overcoat on BH Substation Relay Building 814CX(s) Applied: B1.3Date: 04/07/2010Location(s): TexasOffice(s): Fossil Energy, Strategic Petroleum Reserve Field Office

  3. Spectroscopic Studies of the Phase Transition in Ammonia Borane...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Studies of the Phase Transition in Ammonia Borane: Raman spectroscopy of single crystal NH3BH3 as a function of Spectroscopic Studies of the Phase Transition in Ammonia Borane:...

  4. Company Name Company Name Address Place Zip Sector Product Website

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    special economic zone Future Heating Future Heating London England United Kingdom Solar Designs and installs solar passive water heating systems FutureCamp GmBH FutureCamp...

  5. T:\\ClearanceEMEUConsumption\\cbecs\\pubuse86\\txt\\cb86sasfmt&layout...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    54- 55 B-9Bf Percent public order and safety PORDP3 57- 58 B-9Bg Percent out-patient health care HCOUTP3 60- 61 B-9Bh Percent industrial INDUSP3 63- 64 B-9Bi Percent...

  6. Preparation of homogeneous gold-silver alloy nanoparticles using...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ratios of Au-Ag-HASF samples are higher than 80%. These series of nanoparticles were applied for the reduction of 4-nitrophenol in the presence of NaBH4. As the Au content was...

  7. Increasing Electricity Trading and Environmental Sustainability in the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ginzel, Matthew

    · Montenegro · Albania · Kosovo GPRI MMAK Electrification Project 3 Phase 0: Goal · Goal: Produce a prototype 29.5-37.6Billi on Scope: Albania, B&H, Bulgaria, Croatia, UNMIK, FYRM, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia

  8. The Marriage of DR with Energy Efficiency Is A Good Thing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wattles, P.

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    restoration Winter NBH Sat 5/15/2010 16:14 UF Event, frequency < 59.7 Hz Spring NBH Wed 6/23/2010 15:20 UF Event followed by VDI to selected QSEs for frequency restoration Summer BH2 Fri 8/20/2010 15:28 Systemwide VDI for frequency restoration Summer BH2... Wed 11/3/2010 10:21 UF Event followed by VDI to selected QSEs for frequency restoration Fall BH1 Wed 2/2/2011 5:20 EEA Level 2A Systemwide VDI Winter NBH Wed 3/23/2011 14:47 UF Event (partial), frequency dropped to near 59.7 Hz Spring BH3 Tue 4/5...

  9. Interaction of Lithium Hydride and Ammonia Borane in THF . |...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Lithium Hydride and Ammonia Borane in THF . Interaction of Lithium Hydride and Ammonia Borane in THF . Abstract: The two-step reaction between LiH and NH3BH3 in THF leads to the...

  10. Engineering aspects of site-specific oil spill contingency planning for estuaries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James, David Woody

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Heights Canal. . . 192 4. 15 Fixed Current Monitoring System Used for Bessie Heights Special Study. . . . . . 193 4. 16 Savonius Rotor Cuzrent Measurement at Bessie Heights Station BH-1 196 4. 17 Estimated Surface Area Drained by Bessie Heights...

  11. clusterMaker: a multi-algorithm clustering plugin for Cytoscape

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    than 40% of all known proteins lack any annota- tions withinprotein BH2212 from Bacillus halodurans (gi:15614775) lacksprotein interaction data sets have been clustered to identify stable complexes, but scientists lack

  12. Novel mixed organoboranes for the reductive alkylation of p-benzoquinone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hincapié, Gloria

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    sulfide complex (BMS), 61 BH 3 -SMe 2 . Borane complexes aredimethyl sulfide, H 3 B·SMe 2 (BMS). Hydroboration reactionsdimethyl sulfide, HBX 2 ·SMe 2 . 103 In contrast to

  13. Bruce H. Wilkinson 1974 -Ph.D. -The University of Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Segraves, Kari A.

    of Sedimentary Petrology; "Eggshell Diagenesis and Primary Radial Fabric in Calcite Ooids": with Ed Landing - Wilkinson, B.H. and Landing, E., "Eggshell Diagenesis" and primary radial fabric in calcite ooids: Journal

  14. Edinburgh Research Explorer Targeted genetic testing for familial hypercholesterolaemia using

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Millar, Andrew J.

    , Kerr, SM, Biggs, J, Game, L, Soutar, AK, Smith, BH, Dominiczak, AF, Porteous, DJ, Morris, AD, Scotland Norsworthy1 , Jana Vandrovcova1 , Ellen RA Thomas1 , Archie Campbell2 , Shona M Kerr2 , Jennifer Biggs1

  15. On Black Hole Masses and Radio Loudness in AGN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ari Laor

    2000-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

    The distribution of radio to optical fluxes in AGN is bimodal. The physical origin for this bimodality is not understood. In this Letter I describe observational evidence, based on the Boroson & Green PG quasar sample, that the radio loudness bimodality is strongly related to the black hole mass (M_BH). Nearly all PG quasars with M_BH>10^9M_sun are radio loud, while quasars with M_BH<3x10^8M_sun are practically all radio quiet. This result is consistent with the dependence of quasar host galaxy morphology on radio loudness. There is no simple physical explanation for this result, but it may provide a clue on how jets are formed near massive black holes. The radio loudness--black hole mass relationship suggests that the properties of various types of AGN may be largely set by three basic parameters, M_BH, L/L_Eddington, and inclination angle.

  16. Quasars Are Not Light-Bulbs: Testing Models of Quasar Lifetimes with the Observed Eddington Ratio Distribution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hopkins, Philip F

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We use the observed distribution of Eddington ratios as a function of supermassive black hole (BH) mass to constrain models of AGN lifetimes and lightcurves. Given the observed AGN luminosity function, a model for AGN lifetimes (time above a given luminosity) translates directly to a predicted Eddington ratio distribution. Models for self-regulated BH growth, in which feedback produces a 'blowout' decay phase after some peak luminosity (shutting down accretion) make specific predictions for the lifetimes distinct from those expected if AGN are simply gas starved (without feedback) and very different from simple phenomenological 'light bulb' models. Present observations of the Eddington ratio distribution, spanning 5 decades in Eddington ratio, 3 in BH mass, and redshifts z=0-1, agree with the predictions of self-regulated models, and rule out 'light-bulb', pure exponential, and gas starvation models at high significance. We compare the Eddington ratio distributions at fixed BH mass and fixed luminosity (both ...

  17. A Kharia-English Lexicon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peterson, John

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Archive No. 5 made from hemp leaves’ bhaina See bhaginamarijuana hemp; a drink bh?r ‘load’ bharosa~H[indi] s?n? ‘a kind of flax, hemp’” ( hjp a:84; 85, fn. 41)

  18. A Correlation between Galaxy Light Concentration and Supermassive Black Hole Mass

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alister W. Graham; Peter Erwin; Nicola Caon; Ignacio Trujillo

    2001-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

    We present evidence for a strong correlation between the concentration of bulges and the mass of their central supermassive black hole (M_bh) -- more concentrated bulges have more massive black holes. Using C_{r_e}(1/3) from Trujillo, Graham & Caon (2001b) as a measure of bulge concentration, we find that log (M_bh/M_sun) = 6.81(+/-0.95)C_{r_e}(1/3) + 5.03(+/-0.41). This correlation is shown to be marginally stronger (Spearman's r_s=0.91) than the relationship between the logarithm of the stellar velocity dispersion and log M_bh (Spearman's r_s=0.86), and has comparable, or less, scatter (0.31 dex in log M_bh), which decreases to 0.19 dex when we use only those galaxies whose supermassive black hole's radius of influence is resolved and remove one well understood outlying data point).

  19. Black Holes in Centers of Disk Galaxies - Spectroscopy with a Wide Slit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Witold Maciejewski

    2000-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Motivated by STIS observations of more than 50 nearby galactic nuclei, we consider long-slit emission-line spectra when the slit is wider than the instrumental PSF. The finite width of the slit generates complex patterns in the spectra that can have considerable diagnostic power if they are modeled with adequate sophistication. They allowed us to develop a new method for estimating the BH mass that gives fuller information and higher sensitivity to BH detection than traditional methods.

  20. 150,000 r/min-1.5 kW PM Efficiency Improvement by Means of Permeance Coefficient Optimization of 150,000-r/min, 1.5-kW PM Motor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fujimoto, Hiroshi

    . Configuration of ultra high-speed PM motor. Core Coil (Winding) Air Permanent Magnet Shaft Stator Air 2 FEM. PM 21 PM PM 1.52.0 1 12 V PM l 3-53 #12;Br Bm Hc Hm pu B H Stator Core Permanent Magnet Shaft Coil (Winding) gl ml 3 B-H Fig. 3. B-H curve of permanent magnet and operating point. 0

  1. Process for synthesis of ammonia borane for bulk hydrogen storage

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Autrey, S Thomas [West Richland, WA; Heldebrant, David J [Richland, WA; Linehan, John C [Richland, WA; Karkamkar, Abhijeet J [Richland, WA; Zheng, Feng [Richland, WA

    2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention discloses new methods for synthesizing ammonia borane (NH.sub.3BH.sub.3, or AB). Ammonium borohydride (NH.sub.4BH.sub.4) is formed from the reaction of borohydride salts and ammonium salts in liquid ammonia. Ammonium borohydride is decomposed in an ether-based solvent that yields AB at a near quantitative yield. The AB product shows promise as a chemical hydrogen storage material for fuel cell powered applications.

  2. On the Fueling of Massive Black Holes and the Properties of their Host Spheroids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andres Escala

    2006-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the relation between nuclear massive black holes and their host spheroid gravitational potential. Using simple models, we analyze how gas is expected to be transported in the nuclear regions of galaxies. When we couple it with the expected gas lifetime given by the Kennicutt-Schmidt Law, this naturally leads to the `M_BH - M_virial' and `M_BH - sigma' relations. We also numerically test, using AMR simulations, our simple models for the mass transport with satisfactory results.

  3. A Voluntary Breath-Hold Treatment Technique for the Left Breast With Unfavorable Cardiac Anatomy Using Surface Imaging

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gierga, David P., E-mail: dgierga@partners.org [Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts (United States); Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts (United States); Turcotte, Julie C. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts (United States); Sharp, Gregory C. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts (United States) [Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts (United States); Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts (United States); Sedlacek, Daniel E.; Cotter, Christopher R. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts (United States)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts (United States); Taghian, Alphonse G. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts (United States) [Department of Radiation Oncology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts (United States); Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts (United States)

    2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: Breath-hold (BH) treatments can be used to reduce cardiac dose for patients with left-sided breast cancer and unfavorable cardiac anatomy. A surface imaging technique was developed for accurate patient setup and reproducible real-time BH positioning. Methods and Materials: Three-dimensional surface images were obtained for 20 patients. Surface imaging was used to correct the daily setup for each patient. Initial setup data were recorded for 443 fractions and were analyzed to assess random and systematic errors. Real time monitoring was used to verify surface placement during BH. The radiation beam was not turned on if the BH position difference was greater than 5 mm. Real-time surface data were analyzed for 2398 BHs and 363 treatment fractions. The mean and maximum differences were calculated. The percentage of BHs greater than tolerance was calculated. Results: The mean shifts for initial patient setup were 2.0 mm, 1.2 mm, and 0.3 mm in the vertical, longitudinal, and lateral directions, respectively. The mean 3-dimensional vector shift was 7.8 mm. Random and systematic errors were less than 4 mm. Real-time surface monitoring data indicated that 22% of the BHs were outside the 5-mm tolerance (range, 7%-41%), and there was a correlation with breast volume. The mean difference between the treated and reference BH positions was 2 mm in each direction. For out-of-tolerance BHs, the average difference in the BH position was 6.3 mm, and the average maximum difference was 8.8 mm. Conclusions: Daily real-time surface imaging ensures accurate and reproducible positioning for BH treatment of left-sided breast cancer patients with unfavorable cardiac anatomy.

  4. Electromagnetic power of merging and collapsing compact objects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxim Lyutikov

    2011-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

    [Abridged] Electromagnetic emission can be produced as a precursor to the merger, as a prompt emission during the collapse of a NS and at the spin-down stage of the resulting BH. We demonstrate that the time evolution of the axisymmetric force-free magnetic fields can be expressed in terms of the hyperbolic Grad-Shafranov equation. We find exact non-linear time-dependent split-monopole structure of magnetosphere driven by spinning and collapsing NS in Schwarzschild geometry. Based on this solution, we argue that the collapse of a NS into the BH happens smoothly, without natural formation of current sheets or other dissipative structures on the open field lines and, thus, does not allow the magnetic field to become disconnected from the star and escape to infinity. Thus, as long as an isolated Kerr BH can produce plasma and currents, it does not lose its open magnetic field lines, its magnetospheric structure evolved towards a split monopole and the BH spins down electromagnetically. The "no hair theorem", which assumes that the outside medium is a vacuum, is not applicable in this case: highly conducting plasma introduces a topological constraint forbidding the disconnection of the magnetic field lines from the BH. Eventually, a single random large scale spontaneous reconnection event will lead to magnetic field release, shutting down the electromagnetic BH engine forever. We also discuss the nature of short Gamma Ray Bursts and suggest that the similarity of the early afterglows properties of long and short GRBs can be related to the fact that in both cases a spinning BH can retains magnetic field for sufficiently long time to extract a large fraction of its rotation energy and produce high energy emission via the internal dissipation in the wind.

  5. On the Maximum Luminosity of Galaxies and Their Central Black Holes: Feedback From Momentum-Driven Winds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Norman Murray; Eliot Quataert; Todd A. Thompson

    2004-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate large-scale galactic winds driven by momentum deposition. Momentum injection is provided by (1) radiation pressure produced by the continuum absorption and scattering of UV photons on dust grains and (2) supernovae. UV radiation can be produced by a starburst or AGN activity. We argue that momentum-driven winds are an efficient mechanism for feedback during the formation of galaxies. We show that above a limiting luminosity, momentum deposition from star formation can expel a significant fraction of the gas in a galaxy. The limiting, Eddington-like luminosity is $L_{\\rm M}\\simeq(4f_g c/G) \\sigma^4$, where $\\sigma$ is the galaxy velocity dispersion and $f_g$ is the gas fraction. A starburst that attains $L_{\\rm M}$ moderates its star formation rate and its luminosity does not increase significantly further. We argue that ellipticals attain this limit during their growth at $z \\gtrsim 1$ and that this is the origin of the Faber-Jackson relation. We show that Lyman break galaxies and ultra-luminous infrared galaxies have luminosities near $L_{\\rm M}$. Star formation is unlikely to efficiently remove gas from very small scales in galactic nuclei, i.e., scales much smaller than that of a nuclear starburst. This gas is available to fuel a central black hole (BH). We argue that a BH clears gas out of its galactic nucleus when the luminosity of the BH itself reaches $\\approx L_{\\rm M}$. This shuts off the fuel supply to the BH and may also terminate star formation in the surrounding galaxy. As a result, the BH mass is fixed to be $M_{\\rm BH}\\simeq (f_g \\kappa_{\\rm es}/\\pi G^2)\\sigma^4$, where $\\kappa_{\\rm es}$ is the electron scattering opacity. This limit is in accord with the observed $M_{\\rm BH}-\\sigma$ relation. (Abridged)

  6. Long-Lasting Black-Hole Jets in Short Gamma-Ray Bursts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kisaka, Shota

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Whether a short gamma-ray burst (GRB) is caused by a black hole (BH) or a neutron star (NS) after the merger of a NS binary is a crucial problem. We propose a BH model that explains short GRBs with long-lasting activities such as extended emission and plateau emission up to $\\sim10000$ s. To extract the BH rotational energy, the topological evolution of the magnetic field should accompany the mass ejection, mass fallback, and magnetic field reconnection. The observations suggest the magnetic field decay from $\\sim10^{14}$ G to $\\sim10^{13} - 10^{11}$ G at the BH, bounded below by the pre-merger strength and kept constant while the luminosity is constant, and the fallback mass of $\\sim10^{-4} - 10^{-2} M_{\\odot}$, comparable to the ejecta mass implied by the macronova in GRB 130603B. The BH model has implications for gravitational waves and the equation of state of NS matter.

  7. Black hole evolution: I. Supernova-regulated black hole growth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dubois, Yohan; Silk, Joseph; Devriendt, Julien; Slyz, Adrianne; Teyssier, Romain

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The growth of a supermassive black hole (BH) is determined by how much gas the host galaxy is able to feed it, which in turn is controlled by the cosmic environment, through galaxy mergers and accretion of cosmic flows that time how galaxies obtain their gas, but also by internal processes in the galaxy, such as star formation and feedback from stars and the BH itself. In this paper, we study the growth of a 10^12 Msun halo at z=2, which is the progenitor of an archetypical group of galaxies at z=0, and of its central BH by means of a high-resolution zoomed cosmological simulation, the Seth simulation. We study the evolution of the BH driven by the accretion of cold gas in the galaxy, and explore the efficiency of the feedback from supernovae (SNe). For a relatively inefficient energy input from SNe, the BH grows at the Eddington rate from early times, and reaches self-regulation once it is massive enough. We find that at early cosmic times z>3.5, efficient feedback from SNe forbids the formation of a settled...

  8. Particle Dynamics around Riessner-Nordström Black Hole with Magnetic Field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bushra Majeed; Saqib Hussain; Mubasher Jamil

    2014-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the dynamics of a neutral and a charged particle around the Reissner-Nordstr\\"om (RN) black hole immersed in magnetic field. We are interested to explore the conditions under which the moving charged particle can escape to infinity after collision with another neutral particle or a photon in the vicinity of the BH. We have calculated the expressions of the escape velocity. Further we have studied that how does the presence of magnetic field in the vicinity of BH, effect the motion of the orbiting particle. There are more than one stable regions if we consider the magnetic field in the accretion disk of BH so the stability of ISCO increases in the presence of magnetic field. We have also discussed the Lyapunov exponent in detail. Time-like geodesics of the moving particle are also studied. It is observed that the particle goes closer to the extremal RN-BH as compared to the case when it is moving around RN-BH.

  9. Red or blue? A potential kilonova imprint of the delay until black hole formation following a neutron star merger

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brian D. Metzger; Rodrigo Fernández

    2014-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Mergers of binary neutron stars (NSs) usually result in the formation of a hypermassive neutron star (HMNS). Whether- and when this remnant collapses to a black hole (BH) depends primarily on the equation of state and on angular momentum transport processes, both of which are uncertain. Here we show that the lifetime of the merger remnant may be directly imprinted in the radioactively powered kilonova emission following the merger. We employ axisymmetric, time-dependent hydrodynamic simulations of remnant accretion disks orbiting a HMNS of variable lifetime, and characterize the effect of this delay to BH formation on the disk wind ejecta. When BH formation is relatively prompt (~ 100 ms), outflows from the disk are sufficiently neutron rich to form heavy r-process elements, resulting in ~ week-long emission with a spectral peak in the near-infrared (NIR), similar to that produced by the dynamical ejecta. In contrast, delayed BH formation allows neutrinos from the HMNS to raise the electron fraction in the polar direction to values such that potentially Lanthanide-free outflows are generated. The lower opacity would produce a brighter, bluer, and shorter-lived ~ day-long emission (a `blue bump') prior to the late NIR peak from the dynamical ejecta and equatorial wind. This new diagnostic of BH formation should be useful for events with a signal to noise lower than that required for direct detection of gravitational waveform signatures.

  10. Historia, Nación y Género: La representación de la historia en El ataúd de uso y No pertenezco a este siglo de Rosa María Britton 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    George, Ana

    2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    demostrar la relaci?n entre las nuevas naciones y las novelas rom?nticas del siglo XIX, el presente iv estudio se apoya en el trabajo de Doris Sommer. La teor?a de la narrativa y representaci?n hist?rica de Hayden White sirvieron para aclarar la idea de...?tico-sociales. Algunos de los temas que se trataban en dichas obras incluyen el mestizaje y la jerarqu?a de clases, los mismos que apuntaban hacia proyectos nacionales ut?picos. Las dos novelas hist?ricas que se analizan en este trabajo presentan caracter?sticas de las...

  11. El otono del patriarca by Gabriel Garcia Marquez: the archetype of the caudillo 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Dana Edward

    1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    inquiete po" su contenido politico y social, sino por su poder de pene- tracion en la realidad; y mejor adn si es capaz de voltear ?18 la realidad a revels para mostrar camo es del otro lado. " George McMurray, in his analysis of Garcia Mdrquez and his...-342. Chester C. Christian, Jr. , "Realidad y fantasia: Sociologia de la novela actual en Hispanoam5rica, " MSS, draft, p. 14. Robert G. Mead, Jr. , "After the Boom, " Am5ricas, 30, No. 4, p. 7. 7 Jaime Mejia Duque, El otono del patriarca o crisis de la...

  12. La guerra del fin del mundo: historia e invencion en una novela historica 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loeffler, Lisa Bowe

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    eficazmente a sus propias obras ficticias, corno se especificara mas adelante, estos comentarios pueden servir de base para el estudio de su concepto del pepsi que desempena la realidad o la historia en una ~ I dl p I f d *I. * ~Ht obra de ficcion. Porque... invencion en la novels historica La importancia relative de la realidad hist6rica y la invencion artistica ha sido una de las cuestiones fundamentales en el estudio de las novelas hist6ricas, tanto corno de las novelas en general. Esta breve introducci6n...

  13. XXXX SSeemmiinnrriioo ddee IInniicciiaaoo CCiieennttffiiccaa ddaa PPUUCC--RRiioo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E A CONTITUI��O DE UM NOVO VOCABULÁRIO POLÍTICO NA ARGENTINA E NO BRASIL DO S�CULO XIX 10:45 HIS FALC�O, E. T. MATTOS, I.R. PALAVRAS DO BRASIL ­ VOCABULÁRIO E EXPERI�NCIA HIST�RICA NO IMP�RIO DO BRASIL 10:55 HIS GOUV�A, A. N. MATTOS, I.R. PALAVRAS DO BRASIL ­ VOCABULÁRIO E EXPERI�NCIA HIST�RICA

  14. Can black-hole neutrino-cooled disks power short gamma-ray bursts?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Tong; Hou, Shu-Jin; Gu, Wei-Min

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Stellar-mass black holes (BHs) surrounded by neutrino-dominated accretion flows (NDAFs) are the plausible candidates to power gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) via neutrinos emission and their annihilation. The progenitors of short-duration GRBs (SGRBs) are generally considered to be compact binaries mergers. According to the simulation results, the disk mass of the NDAF has been limited after merger events. We can estimate such disk mass by using the current SGRB observational data and fireball model. The results show that the disk mass of a certain SGRB mainly depends on its output energy, jet opening angle, and central BH characteristics. Even for the extreme BH parameters, some SGRBs require massive disks, which approach or exceed the limits in simulations. We suggest that there may exist alternative magnetohydrodynamic processes or some mechanisms increasing the neutrino emission to produce SGRBs with the reasonable BH parameters and disk mass.

  15. Magnetized hypermassive neutron star collapse: a central engine for short gamma-ray bursts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masaru Shibata; Matthew D. Duez; Yuk Tung Liu; Stuart L. Shapiro; Branson C. Stephens

    2005-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

    A hypermassive neutron star (HMNS) is a possible transient formed after the merger of a neutron star binary. In the latest magnetohydrodynamic simulations in full general relativity, we find that a magnetized HMNS undergoes `delayed' collapse to a rotating black hole (BH) as a result of angular momentum transport via magnetic braking and the magnetorotational instability. The outcome is a BH surrounded by a massive, hot torus with a collimated magnetic field. The torus accretes onto the BH at a quasi-steady accretion rate ~10 solar mass/s; the lifetime of the torus is ~10 ms. The torus has a temperature \\sim 10^{12} K, leading to copious neutrino-antineutrino thermal radiation. Therefore, the collapse of an HMNS is a promising scenario for generating short-duration gamma-ray bursts and an accompanying burst of gravitational waves and neutrinos.

  16. Analyzing Black Hole super-radiance Emission of Particles/Energy from a Black Hole as a Gedankenexperiment to get bounds on the mass of a Graviton

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrew Beckwith

    2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Use of super-radiance in BH physics, so dE/dt past the planet Mercury.The present document makes a given differentiation between super-radiance in the case of conventional BHs and Braneworld BH super-radiance, which may delineate if Braneworlds contribute to an admissible massive graviton in terms of removing the usual problem of the 3/4th the bending of light past the planet Mercury which is normally associated with massive gravitons. This leads to a fork in the road, between two alternatives with the possibility of needing a multiverse containment of BH structure, or embracing what Hawkings wrote up recently, namely a re do of the Event Horizon hypothesis as we know it.

  17. Weighing black holes from zero to high redshift

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Marconi; D. Axon; R. Maiolino; T. Nagao; P. Pietrini; A. Robinson; G. Torricelli

    2008-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The application of the virial theorem provides a tool to estimate supermassive black hole (BH) masses in large samples of active galactic nuclei (AGN) with broad emission lines at all redshifts and luminosities, if the broad line region (BLR) is gravitationally bound. In this paper we discuss the importance of radiation forces on BLR clouds arising from the deposition of momentum by ionizing photons. Such radiation forces counteract gravitational ones and, if not taken into account, BH masses can be severely underestimated. We provide virial relations corrected for the effect of radiation pressure and we discuss their physical meaning and application. If these corrections to virial masses, calibrated with low luminosity objects, are extrapolated to high luminosities then the BLRs of most quasars might be gravitationally unbound. The importance of radiation forces in high luminosity objects must be thoroughly investigated to assess the reliability of quasar BH masses.

  18. Note: Experiments in hard x-ray chemistry: In situ production of molecular hydrogen and x-ray induced combustion

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pravica, Michael; Bai Ligang; Liu Yu; Galley, Martin; Robinson, John [High Pressure Science and Engineering Center (HiPSEC) and Department of Physics, University of Nevada Las Vegas (UNLV), Las Vegas, Nevada 89154-4002 (United States); Park, Changyong [HPCAT, Geophysical Laboratory, Carnegie Institution of Washington, 9700 South Cass Ave., Argonne, Illinois 60437 (United States); Hatchett, David [Department of Chemistry, University of Nevada Las Vegas (UNLV), Las Vegas, Nevada 89154-4003 (United States)

    2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We have successfully loaded H{sub 2} into a diamond anvil cell at high pressure using the synchrotron x-ray induced decomposition of NH{sub 3}BH{sub 3}. In a second set of studies, radiation-assisted release of O{sub 2} from KCLO{sub 3}, H{sub 2} release from NH{sub 3}BH{sub 3}, and reaction of these gases in a mixture of the reactants to form liquid water using x-rays at ambient conditions was observed. Similar observations were made using a KCLO{sub 3} and NaBH{sub 4} mixture. Depending on reaction conditions, an explosive or far slower reaction producing water was observed.

  19. Magnetization curves of sintered heavy tungsten alloys for applications in MRI-guided radiotherapy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kolling, Stefan [Sydney Medical School, University of Sydney, NSW 2006 (Australia)] [Sydney Medical School, University of Sydney, NSW 2006 (Australia); Oborn, Bradley M. [Illawarra Cancer Care Centre (ICCC), Wollongong, NSW 2500, Australia and Centre for Medical Radiation Physics (CMRP), University of Wollongong, Wollongong, NSW 2500 (Australia)] [Illawarra Cancer Care Centre (ICCC), Wollongong, NSW 2500, Australia and Centre for Medical Radiation Physics (CMRP), University of Wollongong, Wollongong, NSW 2500 (Australia); Keall, Paul J., E-mail: paul.keall@sydney.edu.au [Sydney Medical School, University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia and Ingham Institute for Applied Medical Research, Liverpool, NSW 2170 (Australia); Horvat, Joseph [Institute for Superconducting and Electronic Materials, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, NSW 2500, Australia and School of Physics, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, NSW 2500 (Australia)] [Institute for Superconducting and Electronic Materials, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, NSW 2500, Australia and School of Physics, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, NSW 2500 (Australia)

    2014-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Purpose: Due to the current interest in MRI-guided radiotherapy, the magnetic properties of the materials commonly used in radiotherapy are becoming increasingly important. In this paper, measurement results for the magnetization (BH) curves of a range of sintered heavy tungsten alloys used in radiation shielding and collimation are presented. Methods: Sintered heavy tungsten alloys typically contain >90?% tungsten and <10?% of a combination of iron, nickel, and copper binders. Samples of eight different grades of sintered heavy tungsten alloys with varying binder content were investigated. Using a superconducting quantum interference detector magnetometer, the induced magnetic momentm was measured for each sample as a function of applied external field H{sub 0} and the BH curve derived. Results: The iron content of the alloys was found to play a dominant role, directly influencing the magnetizationM and thus the nonlinearity of the BH curve. Generally, the saturation magnetization increased with increasing iron content of the alloy. Furthermore, no measurable magnetization was found for all alloys without iron content, despite containing up to 6% of nickel. For two samples from different manufacturers but with identical quoted nominal elemental composition (95% W, 3.5% Ni, 1.5% Fe), a relative difference in the magnetization of 11%–16% was measured. Conclusions: The measured curves show that the magnetic properties of sintered heavy tungsten alloys strongly depend on the iron content, whereas the addition of nickel in the absence of iron led to no measurable effect. Since a difference in the BH curves for two samples with identical quoted nominal composition from different manufacturers was observed, measuring of the BH curve for each individual batch of heavy tungsten alloys is advisable whenever accurate knowledge of the magnetic properties is crucial. The obtained BH curves can be used in FEM simulations to predict the magnetic impact of sintered heavy tungsten alloys.

  20. Parametric down conversion with a depleted pump as a model for classical information transmission capacity of quantum black holes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paul M. Alsing

    2015-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we extend the investigation of Adami and Ver Steeg [Class. Quantum Grav. \\textbf{31}, 075015 (2014)] to treat the process of black hole particle emission effectively as the analogous quantum optical process of parametric down conversion (PDC) with a dynamical (depleted vs. non-depleted) `pump' source mode which models the evaporating black hole (BH) energy degree of freedom. We investigate both the short time (non-depleted pump) and long time (depleted pump) regimes of the quantum state and its impact on the Holevo channel capacity for communicating information from the far past to the far future in the presence of Hawking radiation. The new feature introduced in this work is the coupling of the emitted Hawking radiation modes through the common black hole `source pump' mode which phenomenologically represents a quantized energy degree of freedom of the gravitational field. This (zero-dimensional) model serves as a simplified arena to explore BH particle production/evaporation and back-action effects under an explicitly unitary evolution which enforces quantized energy/particle conservation. Within our analogous quantum optical model we examine the entanglement between two emitted particle/anti-particle and anti-particle/particle pairs coupled via the black hole (BH) evaporating `pump' source. We also analytically and dynamically verify the `Page information time' for our model which refers to the conventionally held belief that the information in the BH radiation becomes significant after the black hole has evaporated half its initial energy into the outgoing radiation. Lastly, we investigate the effect of BH particle production/evaporation on two modes in the exterior region of the BH event horizon that are initially maximally entangled, when one mode falls inward and interacts with the black hole, and the other remains forever outside and non-interacting.