Sample records for ri ic ce

  1. Thng 9, 2011 Xu t b n b i O ce of International A airs M i thng tin trong t ri ny u c trn m ng. c thng tin chi ti t v c p nh t, xin vui lng

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Yih-Min

    Tháng 9, 2011 Xu t b n b i O ce of International A airs M i thông tin trong t ri này u có trên m ng. có thông tin chi ti t và c p nh t, xin vui lòng tra c u t i website c a chúng tôi : httpThông tin nhanh NTU, tr ng i h c t ng h p l n nh t và lâu i nh t ài Loan, ã thông báo các chng trình ào

  2. ?? / Kagaku / ?? /Ky?ri: Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsukahara, T?go

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    question when considering science and technology in Japanese?? /Kagaku / ?? /Ky?ri: Science Tsukahara T?go Translationto incorporate and develop science and technology from the

  3. Ya ri a bsod Collection 13

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sha bo don 'grub rdo rje; Skal dbang skyid

    This collection contains fourteen songs collected in the grasslands of Amdo (northeast Tibet) in the area where Sichuan, Gansu, and Qinghai provinces meet. The songs represent various genres, and were all composed by Ya ri a bsod, an itinerant bard...

  4. iU/riA ii riA Background and Technical Information for Collectors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    m^ m im^Hii iU/riA ii riA Background and Technical Information for Collectors mmBiological Laboial Circular 111 #12;#12;DUCK STAMP DATA Background and Technical Information for Collectors By Edna N. Sater and conservationists, it aroused widespread interest among stamp collectors, many of whom had not previously collected

  5. Hydrogen in Type Ic Supernovae?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David Branch; David J. Jeffery; Timothy R. Young; E. Baron

    2006-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

    By definition, a Type Ic supernova (SN Ic) does not have conspicuous lines of hydrogen or helium in its optical spectrum. SNe Ic usually are modelled in terms of the gravitational collapse of bare carbon-oxygen cores. We consider the possibility that the spectra of ordinary (SN 1994I-like) SNe Ic have been misinterpreted, and that SNe Ic eject hydrogen. An absorption feature usually attributed to a blend of Si II 6355 and C II 6580 may be produced by H-alpha. If SN 1994I-like SNe Ic eject hydrogen, the possibility that hypernova (SN 1998bw-like) SNe Ic, some of which are associated with gamma-ray bursts, also eject hydrogen should be considered. The implications of hydrogen for SN Ic progenitors and explosion models are briefly discussed.

  6. WA_02_015_AIR_PRODUCTS_AND_CHEMICALS_INC_Waiver_of_Patent_Ri...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    15AIRPRODUCTSANDCHEMICALSINCWaiverofPatentRi.pdf WA02015AIRPRODUCTSANDCHEMICALSINCWaiverofPatentRi.pdf WA02015AIRPRODUCTSANDCHEMICALSINCWaiverofPatent...

  7. WA_00_018_PRAXAIR_Waive_of_Domestic_and_Foreign_Invention_Ri...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    18PRAXAIRWaiveofDomesticandForeignInventionRi.pdf WA00018PRAXAIRWaiveofDomesticandForeignInventionRi.pdf WA00018PRAXAIRWaiveofDomesticandForeignInvention...

  8. E-Print Network 3.0 - anti-ri-antibody-associated paraneoplastic...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ri-antibody-associated paraneoplastic syndrome Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: anti-ri-antibody-associated paraneoplastic syndrome...

  9. SwRI's HEDGE Technology for High Efficiency, Low Emissions Gasoline...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    SwRI's HEDGE Technology for High Efficiency, Low Emissions Gasoline Engines SwRI's HEDGE Technology for High Efficiency, Low Emissions Gasoline Engines Presentation given at the...

  10. Ri* Report No. 139 Danish Atomic Energy Commission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    I 3 Ri* Report No. 139 Danish Atomic Energy Commission Research Establishment Riso Metallurgy Energy Commission Research Establishment Riso METALLURGY DEPARTMENT ANNUAL PROGRESS REPORT for th* Period, the Central Welding Institution and the Metallurgy Department has begun an evaluation of what research

  11. RI&E Nano particles*) Carried out by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Twente, Universiteit

    1 RI&E Nano particles*) Carried out by: Faculty: CTW/EWI/TNW Department: 1. Information Nano characteristics of nano material (or parent material) **) Carcinogenic Mutagenic Reprotoxic Density (kg/dm3 ) kg/dm3 State of aggregation of the nano material Liquid Solid 2. Health hazard nano material Danger

  12. Institutional computing (IC) information session

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Koch, Kenneth R [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Lally, Bryan R [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2011-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

    The LANL Institutional Computing Program (IC) will host an information session about the current state of unclassified Institutional Computing at Los Alamos, exciting plans for the future, and the current call for proposals for science and engineering projects requiring computing. Program representatives will give short presentations and field questions about the call for proposals and future planned machines, and discuss technical support available to existing and future projects. Los Alamos has started making a serious institutional investment in open computing available to our science projects, and that investment is expected to increase even more.

  13. Atelier " i l ti ri e e l i e e ilie lli i el " e re er t ire e ri

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Passot, Thierry

    Atelier " i l ti ri e e l i e e ilie lli i el " e re er t ire e ri A r e i ti e A r e l i e ti l i e et le r l e e l er et re l i " le i ti e" i i t er e i i e r le l r e elle ti te relle t et r r el t li #12; Atelier " i l ti ri e e l i e e ilie lli i el " e re er t ire e ri

  14. Quarry residuals RI/FS scoping document. [Weldon Spring quarry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this document is to serve as a planning tool for the implementation of the Quarry Residual Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study (RI/FS) process and to provide direct input to revising and updating the 1988 Work Plan for the Weldon Spring Site Remedial Action Project (WSSRAP) Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study-Environmental Impact Statement for the Weldon Spring Site (RI/FS-EIS) (Peterson et al. 1988) for this effort. The scoping process is intended to outline the tasks necessary to develop and implement activities in compliance with the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act-National Environmental Policy Act (CERCLA-NEPA) process from detailed planning through the appropriate decision document. In addition to scoping the entire process, this document will serve as the primary tool for planning and accomplishing all activities to be developed in the Quarry Residual RI/FS Work Plan. Subsequent tasks are difficult to plan at this time. 10 refs., 5 figs., 5 tabs.

  15. IC3 Resnet Accreditation User's Guide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haberl, J.S.; Liu, Z.; Malhotra, M.; Kim, H.; Yazdani, B.; Culp, C.

    that utilizes the same DOE-2 simulation as the web-based IC3. It also provides the batch entry for IC3, which allows the creating and modifying of the proposed design and standard reference design to be done manually or automatically. The simulation inputs...

  16. THE UBV(RI){sub C} COLORS OF THE SUN

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ramirez, I. [McDonald Observatory and Department of Astronomy, University of Texas at Austin, 1 University Station, C1400 Austin, TX 78712-0259 (United States); Michel, R.; Schuster, W. J. [Observatorio Astronomico Nacional, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Apartado Postal 877, Ensenada, B.C., CP 22800 (Mexico); Sefako, R.; Van Wyk, F. [South African Astronomical Observatory, P.O. Box 9, Observatory 7935, Cape Town (South Africa); Tucci Maia, M. [UNIFEI, DFQ-Instituto de Ciencias Exatas, Universidade Federal de Itajuba, Itajuba MG (Brazil); Melendez, J. [Departamento de Astronomia do IAG/USP, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Rua do Matao 1226, Sao Paulo, 05508-900 SP (Brazil); Casagrande, L. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Astrophysik, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 1, Postfach 1317, D-85741 Garching (Germany); Castilho, B. V. [Laboratorio Nacional de Astrofisica/MCT, Rua Estados Unidos 154, 37504-364 Itajuba, MG (Brazil)

    2012-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Photometric data in the UBV(RI){sub C} system have been acquired for 80 solar analog stars for which we have previously derived highly precise atmospheric parameters T{sub eff}, log g, and [Fe/H] using high-resolution, high signal-to-noise ratio spectra. UBV and (RI){sub C} data for 46 and 76 of these stars, respectively, are published for the first time. Combining our data with those from the literature, colors in the UBV(RI){sub C} system, with {approx_equal} 0.01 mag precision, are now available for 112 solar analogs. Multiple linear regression is used to derive the solar colors from these photometric data and the spectroscopically derived T{sub eff}, log g, and [Fe/H] values. To minimize the impact of systematic errors in the model-dependent atmospheric parameters, we use only the data for the 10 stars that most closely resemble our Sun, i.e., the solar twins, and derive the following solar colors: (B - V){sub Sun} = 0.653 {+-} 0.005, (U - B){sub Sun} = 0.166 {+-} 0.022, (V - R){sub Sun} = 0.352 {+-} 0.007, and (V - I){sub Sun} = 0.702 {+-} 0.010. These colors are consistent, within the 1{sigma} errors, with those derived using the entire sample of 112 solar analogs. We also derive the solar colors using the relation between spectral-line-depth ratios and observed stellar colors, i.e., with a completely model-independent approach, and without restricting the analysis to solar twins. We find (B - V){sub Sun} = 0.653 {+-} 0.003, (U - B){sub Sun} = 0.158 {+-} 0.009, (V - R){sub Sun} = 0.356 {+-} 0.003, and (V - I){sub Sun} = 0.701 {+-} 0.003, in excellent agreement with the model-dependent analysis.

  17. I&C Modeling in SPAR Models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    John A. Schroeder

    2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Standardized Plant Analysis Risk (SPAR) models for the U.S. commercial nuclear power plants currently have very limited instrumentation and control (I&C) modeling [1]. Most of the I&C components in the operating plant SPAR models are related to the reactor protection system. This was identified as a finding during the industry peer review of SPAR models. While the Emergency Safeguard Features (ESF) actuation and control system was incorporated into the Peach Bottom Unit 2 SPAR model in a recent effort [2], various approaches to expend resources for detailed I&C modeling in other SPAR models are investigated.

  18. Carbon nanotube interconnects for IC chips

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anwar Ali, Hashina Parveen

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have been investigated as candidate materials to replace or augment the existing copper-based technologies as interconnects for Integrated Circuit (IC) chips. Being ballistic conductors, CNTs are ...

  19. E-Print Network 3.0 - analog ic designed Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Summary: problems facing IC designers. High-power ICs rapidly deplete battery energy. Rapid changes in power... in IC design. Modeling and optimizing IC thermal...

  20. * Phys 222 may be substituted for Chem 178/178L ** CE 460 may be substituted for CE 333 or CE 334

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Zhiqun

    (Structural Analysis I) 3 CE 372 (Engr Hydro & Hydraulics) 3 CE 360 (Geotechnical Engineering) 3 CE 382 (Engr Hydro & Hydraulics) 3 CE 355 (Transportation Engr) 3 CE 382 (Design of Concretes) 3 CE 326 Design) 3 Numerical Analysis Elective 3 CE 485 (CE Design I) 2 Micro 201 (General Microbiology) 3 Engr

  1. Digital Integrated Circuit (IC) Layout andDigital Integrated Circuit (IC) Layout and DesignDesign

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    EE134 1 Digital Integrated Circuit (IC) Layout andDigital Integrated Circuit (IC) Layout and DesignDesign Digital IntegratedDigital Integrated Circuits:Circuits: A Design Perspective,A Design Perspective, 22ndnd ! Interconnect: R, L and C ! Arithmetic building blocks ! Memories and array structures ! Design methods #12;EE

  2. Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study (RI/FS) process, elements and techniques guidance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This manual provides detailed guidance on Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Studies (RI/FSs) conducted pursuant to the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) at Department of Energy (DOE) facilities. The purpose of the RI/FS, to assess the risk posed by a hazardous waste site and to determine the best way to reduce that risk, and its structure (site characterization, risk assessment, screening and detailed analysis of alternatives, etc.) is defined in the National Oil and Hazardous Substances Pollution Contingency Plan (NCP) and further explained in the Environmental Protection Agency`s (EPA`s) Guidance for Conducting Remedial Investigations and Feasibility Studies Under CERCLA (Interim Final) 540/G-89/004, OSWER Directive 9355.3-01, October 1988. Though issued in 1988, the EPA guidance remains an excellent source of information on the conduct and structure of an RI/FS. This document makes use of supplemental RI/FS-related guidance that EPA has developed since its initial document was issued in 1988, incorporates practical lessons learned in more than 12 years of experience in CERCLA hazardous site remediation, and drawing on those lessons, introduces the Streamlined Approach For Environmental Restoration (SAFER), developed by DOE as a way to proceed quickly and efficiently through the RI/FS process at DOE facilities. Thus as its title implies, this guidance is intended to describe in detail the process and component elements of an RI/FS, as well as techniques to manage the RI/FS effectively.

  3. Thermoelectric Conversion of Wate Heat to Electricity in an IC...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Wate Heat to Electricity in an IC Engine Powered Vehicle Thermoelectric Conversion of Wate Heat to Electricity in an IC Engine Powered Vehicle Presentation given at the 16th...

  4. Update: Proposed CE Curriculum & Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacob, Bruce

    Update: Proposed CE Curriculum & Program Bruce Jacob, End of Summer 2008 #12;What's all this, then, students, graduates · Held constituents' meeting over winter · Group vote this curriculum Barua has agreed to develop and teach the course ENEE 3xx (Digital systems) -- new course Bruce Jacob

  5. College of Engineering CE Civil Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacAdam, Keith

    College of Engineering CE Civil Engineering KEY: # = new course * = course changed = course.Lecture,twohours;laboratory,fourhoursperweek.Prereqorcoreq:MA113orconsentofinstructor. CE 120 INTRODUCTION TO CIVIL ENGINEERING. (1) An introduction to the civil engineering profession and the use of computer hardware and software in CE systems analysis and design

  6. PDC IC WELD FAILURE EVALUATION AND RESOLUTION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Korinko, P.; Howard, S.; Maxwell, D.; Fiscus, J.

    2012-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

    During final preparations for start of the PDCF Inner Can (IC) qualification effort, welding was performed on an automated weld system known as the PICN. During the initial weld, using a pedigree canister and plug, a weld defect was observed. The defect resulted in a hole in the sidewall of the canister, and it was observed that the plug sidewall had not been consumed. This was a new type of failure not seen during development and production of legacy Bagless Transfer Cans (FB-Line/Hanford). Therefore, a team was assembled to determine the root cause and to determine if the process could be improved. After several brain storming sessions (MS and T, R and D Engineering, PDC Project), an evaluation matrix was established to direct this effort. The matrix identified numerous activities that could be taken and then prioritized those activities. This effort was limited by both time and resources (the number of canisters and plugs available for testing was limited). A discovery process was initiated to evaluate the Vendor's IC fabrication process relative to legacy processes. There were no significant findings, however, some information regarding forging/anneal processes could not be obtained. Evaluations were conducted to compare mechanical properties of the PDC canisters relative to the legacy canisters. Some differences were identified, but mechanical properties were determined to be consistent with legacy materials. A number of process changes were also evaluated. A heat treatment procedure was established that could reduce the magnetic characteristics to levels similar to the legacy materials. An in-situ arc annealing process was developed that resulted in improved weld characteristics for test articles. Also several tack welds configurations were addressed, it was found that increasing the number of tack welds (and changing the sequence) resulted in decreased can to plug gaps and a more stable weld for test articles. Incorporating all of the process improvements for the actual can welding process, however, did not result in an improved weld geometry. Several possibilities for the lack of positive response exist, some of which are that (1) an insufficient number of test articles were welded under prototypic conditions, (2) the process was not optimized so that significant improvements were observable over the 'noise', and (3) the in-situ arc anneal closed the gap down too much so the can was unable to exhaust pressure ahead of the weld. Several operational and mechanical improvements were identified. The weld clamps were changed to a design consistent with those used in the legacy operations. A helium puff operation was eliminated; it is believed that this operation was the cause of the original weld defect. Also, timing of plug mast movement was found to correspond with weld irregularities. The timing of the movement was changed to occur during weld head travel between tacks. In the end a three sequential tack weld process followed by a pulse weld at the same current and travel speed as was used for the legacy processes was suggested for use during the IC qualification effort. Relative to legacy welds, the PDC IC weld demonstrates greater fluctuation in the region of the weld located between tack welds. However, canister weld response (canister to canister) is consistent and with the aid of the optical mapping system (for targeting the cut position) is considered adequate. DR measurements and METs show the PDC IC welds to have sufficient ligament length to ensure adequate canister pressure/impact capacity and to ensure adequate stub function. The PDC welding process has not been optimized as a result of this effort. Differences remain between the legacy BTC welds and the PDC IC weld, but these differences are not sufficient to prevent resumption of the current PDC IC qualification effort. During the PDC IC qualification effort, a total of 17 cans will be welded and a variety of tests/inspections will be performed. The extensive data collected during that qualification effort should be of a sufficient population to determ

  7. XRF 050406 late time flattening: appearance of an IC component?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Corsi, A

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate on the possible evidence for Inverse Compton (IC) emission in the X-ray afterglow of XRF 050406. In the framework of the standard fireball model, we show how the late time flattening observed in the X-ray light curve between ~10^{4} s and ~10^{6} s can be explained in a synchrotron plus IC scenario, when the IC peak frequency crosses the X-ray band. We thus conclude that the appearance of an IC component above the synchrotron one at late times successfully accounts for the X-ray observations.

  8. Accelerating Predictive Simulation of IC Engines with High Performance...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    IC engines with high performance computing (ACE017) This presentation does not contain any proprietary, confidential, or otherwise restricted information K. Dean Edwards, C....

  9. EUTROPHICATION A J Gold, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI, USA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gold, Art

    EUTROPHICATION A J Gold, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI, USA J T Sims, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, USA Ã? 2005, Elsevier Ltd. All Rights Reserved. Introduction Eutrophication describes in nutrient inputs. Phosphorus (P) and nitrogen (N) are the nutrients that drive most eutrophication processes

  10. SwRI Patents Southwest Research Institute -Page 1 of 85

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chapman, Clark R.

    Substrates Using a Heated Center Electrode Ronghua Wei, Richard L. Johnson, Christopher Rincon, Michael A for Manipulating Cutting Elements for Earth-Boring Drill Bits and Tools David Keith Luce, Sean W. Wirth, Alan J of Network Links in a Communications Network Christopher B. Smith SwRI 8,679,852 3/25/2014 Particulate Matter

  11. From Bad to Worse: Senior economic inSecurity on the riSe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snider, Barry B.

    From Bad to Worse: Senior economic inSecurity on the riSe Tatjana Meschede Laura Sullivan Thomas the Senior Financial Stability Index, economic insecurity among senior households increased by one demographic groups, economic security of seniors has deteriorated further. Contrary to the popular belief

  12. CE Geothermal | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin: EnergyBoston Areais3: Crystalline Rock - Basement JumpGeneral: CDOT Name: CE

  13. Steven Humphrey Named 2009 URITC Student of the Year The University of Rhode Island Transportation Center selected Steven Humphrey of Tiverton, RI as its

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rhode Island, University of

    Transportation Center selected Steven Humphrey of Tiverton, RI as its 2009 Student of the Year in recognition

  14. International Refrigeration: Order (2012-CE-1510) | Department...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Refrigeration: Order (2012-CE-1510) July 20, 2012 DOE ordered International Refrigeration Products to pay an 8,000 civil penalty after finding International Refrigeration had...

  15. Table 1. Connection of Criterion 8 CE Outcomes to CE Courses (required, design elective, advanced elective)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gelfond, Michael

    treatment Biological wastewater treatment (d) Proficiency in Water Resources Engineering CE 3305 CE 3354 CE systems Design of advance water treatment systems Design of biological wastewater treatment systems (g ENVE 4391 ENVE 4399 Water, wastewater, air, solid waste Physical and chemical treatment Advanced water

  16. Defect classes - an overdue paradigm for CMOS IC testing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hawkins, C.F. [Univ. of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM (United States); Soden, J.M.; Righter, A.W. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Ferguson, F.J. [Univ. of California, Santa Cruz, CA (United States)

    1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The IC test industry has struggled for more than 30 years to establish a test approach that would guarantee a low defect level to the customer. We propose a comprehensive strategy for testing CMOS ICs that uses defect classes based on measured defect electrical properties. Defect classes differ from traditional fault models. Our defect class approach requires that the test strategy match the defect electrical properties, while fault models require that IC defects match the fault definition. We use data from Sandia Labs failure analysis and test facilities and from public literature. We describe test pattern requirements for each defect class and propose a test paradigm.

  17. Thermoelectric Couple Demonstration of (In, Ce)-based Skutterudite...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Couple Demonstration of (In, Ce)-based Skutterudite Materials for Automotive Energy Recovery Thermoelectric Couple Demonstration of (In, Ce)-based Skutterudite Materials for...

  18. Lumiram Electric: Order (2010-CE-1014) | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Lumiram Electric: Order (2010-CE-1014) Lumiram Electric: Order (2010-CE-1014) November 23, 2010 DOE issued an Order and entered into a Compromise Agreement with Lumiram Electric...

  19. Stability issues in IC Low Drop Out voltage regulators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chava, Krishna Chaitanya

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Performance issues of IC Low Drop Out (LDO) voltage regulators, with specific reference to stability, are discussed in this thesis. Evaluation of existing frequency compensation schemes and their performances across operating loads is presented...

  20. Accelerating Predictive Simulation of IC Engines with High Performance...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    IC engines with high performance computing (ACE017) K. Dean Edwards (PI), C. Stuart Daw, Wael R. Elwasif, Charles E. A. Finney, Sreekanth Pannala, Miroslav K. Stoyanov, Robert M....

  1. IC-BASED CONTROLS FOR ENERGY-EFFICIENT LIGHTING

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Richard Zhang

    2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A new approach for driving high frequency energy saving ballasts is developed and documented in this report. The developed approach utilizes an IC-based platform that provides the benefits of reduced system cost, reduced ballast size, and universal application to a wide range of lamp technologies, such as linear fluorescent lamps (LFL), compact fluorescent lamps (CFL) and high intensity discharge lamps (HID). The control IC chip set developed for the platform includes dual low voltage (LV) IC gate drive that provides gate drive for high and low side power switches in typical ballast circuits, and ballast controller IC that provides control functionalities optimal for different lamps and digital interface for future extension to more sophisticated control and communication.

  2. Uncertainties in NDE Reliability and Assessing the Impact on RI-ISI

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Doctor, Steven R.; Anderson, Michael T.

    2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A major thrust in the past 20 years has been to upgrade nondestructive examinations (NDE) for use in inservice inspection (ISI) programs to more effectively manage degradation at operating nuclear power plants. Risk-informed ISI (RI-ISI) is one of the outcomes of this work, and this approach relies heavily on the reliability of NDE, when properly applied, to detect sources of expected degradation. There have been a number of improvements in the reliability of NDE, specifically in ultrasonic testing (UT), through training of examiners, and improved equipment and procedure development. However, the most significant improvements in UT were derived by moving from prescriptive requirements to performance based requirements. Even with these substantial improvements, NDE contains significant uncertainties and RI-ISI programs need to address and accommodate this factor. As part of the work that PNNL is conducting for the U. S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Office of Nuclear Regulatory Research, we are examining the impact of these uncertainties on the effectiveness of RI-ISI programs.

  3. ADVISER ROOM # EMAIL ADDRESS Adams 221 COBH (eda@ce.montana.edu)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dyer, Bill

    , Michael L. Adams Senior CE Betcher, Jacob M. Lewandowski Freshman CE Bigelow, Adam J. (F 11) Larsson Sophomore CE Deen, Michael Perkins Junior CE Devoe, Colleen L. (1st deg Arch) Larsson Sophomore CE #12;DeWitt

  4. Enhancing Engineers Skills in EMC of Integrated A Practical Experience using IC-EMC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Enhancing Engineers Skills in EMC of Integrated Circuits A Practical Experience using IC-EMC circuit (IC) design under Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) constraints. It presents the general context of EMC of ICs and details the EMC-aware IC design course given in companies and several institutes

  5. Remote Activation of ICs for Piracy Prevention and Digital Right Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ]. IC metering involves a set of security protocols that enables the design house to gain post-fabrication control through passive or active counts of produced ICs, through the monitoring of IC properties and use the watermarked IP. With passive metering, each IC is uniquely registered into a database, so a suspicious chip

  6. IC 3418: STAR FORMATION IN A TURBULENT WAKE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hester, Janice A.; Neill, James D.; Wyder, Ted K.; Martin, D. Christopher [California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Seibert, Mark; Madore, Barry F. [Observatories of the Carnegie Institute of Washington, Pasadena, CA 91101 (United States); Gil de Paz, Armando [Dpto. de Astrofisica, Universidad Computense de Madrid, Madrid 28040 (Spain); Schiminovich, David [Department of Astronomy, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027 (United States); Rich, R. Michael, E-mail: jhester@srl.caltech.ed [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Division of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 (United States)

    2010-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Galaxy Evolution Explorer observations of IC 3418, a low surface brightness galaxy in the Virgo Cluster, revealed a striking 17 kpc UV tail of bright knots and diffuse emission. H{alpha} imaging confirms that star formation is ongoing in the tail. IC 3418 was likely recently ram pressure stripped on its first pass through Virgo. We suggest that star formation is occurring in molecular clouds that formed in IC 3418's turbulent stripped wake. Tides and ram pressure stripping (RPS) of molecular clouds are both disfavored as tail formation mechanisms. The tail is similar to the few other observed star-forming tails, all of which likely formed during RPS. The tails' morphologies reflect the forces present during their formation and can be used to test for dynamical coupling between molecular and diffuse gas, thereby probing the origin of the star-forming molecular gas.

  7. Experimental Approach to Stellar Reactions with RI Beams - Overview of Experiments on Hydrogen Burning -

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Kubono

    2007-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

    After a short review on resent developments achieved in astrophysics in the past years since last NN conference, experimental efforts in nuclear astrophysics primarily with RI beams were revisited, especially on the works relevant to neutron-deficient nuclei, the other half of the nuclear chart reviewed by Rehm in this conference. A new interesting recognition discussed in the past years is the important role of explosive hydrogen burning process in the very early stage of type II supernovae. A new broadening research field related to the first generation stars both from observations as well as from nuclear astrophysics was also discussed.

  8. Testing Cosmological Models with Type Ic Super Luminous Supernovae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wei, Jun-Jie; Melia, Fulvio

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The use of type Ic Super Luminous Supernovae (SLSN Ic) to examine the cosmological expansion introduces a new standard ruler with which to test theoretical models. The sample suitable for this kind of work now includes 11 SLSNe Ic, which have thus far been used solely in tests involving $\\Lambda$CDM. In this paper, we broaden the base of support for this new, important cosmic probe by using these observations to carry out a one-on-one comparison between the $R_{\\rm h}=ct$ and $\\Lambda$CDM cosmologies. We individually optimize the parameters in each cosmological model by minimizing the $\\chi^{2}$ statistic. We also carry out Monte Carlo simulations based on these current SLSN Ic measurements to estimate how large the sample would have to be in order to rule out either model at a $\\sim 99.7\\%$ confidence level. The currently available sample indicates a likelihood of $\\sim$$70-80\\%$ that the $R_{\\rm h}=ct$ Universe is the correct cosmology versus $\\sim$$20-30\\%$ for the standard model. These results are suggest...

  9. 1 ICS 614 Projects (v.1) STRUCTURAL ISSUES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reed, Nancy E.

    1 ICS 614 Projects (v.1) STRUCTURAL ISSUES: 1. PATIENT IDENTIFICATION The bedeviling problem" and "information technology" in medicine? PROJECTS WITH AN INTERNATIONAL TWIST: 6. FINANCE Corruption in health Macro-health economics: How much should a country spend on health? 3% of GDP, 6% of GDP, 14% of GDP

  10. Proton Ordering of Cubic Ice Ic: Spectroscopy and Computer Simulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dellago, Christoph

    by producing rotational Bjerrum L-defects.1 Ambient-pressure hexagonal ice, ice Ih, shows the lowest produced from ice Ih using hydroxide doping, for example, by freezing a 0.1 M KOH solution. Because ice IhProton Ordering of Cubic Ice Ic: Spectroscopy and Computer Simulations Philipp Geiger, Christoph

  11. Comparison of CeBr3 with LaBr3:Ce, LaCl3:Ce, and NaI:Tl Detectors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    ,

    2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy resolution and detection efficiency were compared between two sizes of cerium bromide (CeBr3) scintillators, three sizes of lanthanum bromide (LaBr3:Ce) scintillators, three sizes of sodium iodide (NaI:Tl) scintillators, and a lanthanum chloride (LaCl3:Ce) scintillator. Comparisons are made of key parameters such as energy resolution, detection efficiency, linearity, and self-activity of CeBr3, LaBr3:Ce, LaCl3:Ce, and NaI:Tl scintillator detectors. The scintillator detectors are tested by comparing the peak separation and identification in the energy range up to 3.0 MeV using 133Ba, 152Eu, and naturally occurring radioactive materials [1]. The study has shown that CeBr3 scintillator detectors provided by Saint-Gobain offer better resolution than NaI:Tl scintillator detectors. CeBr3 detectors could resolve some closely spaced peaks from 133Ba and 152Eu, which NaI:Tl could not. LaBr3:Ce has slightly better resolution, and a slightly higher efficiency than CeBr3. In this work, “self-activity” of each of these four detector types was measured by operating the detectors themselves. A comparison of the intrinsic activity for all of the detectors in this study is demonstrated. For CeBr3, the self-activity present may be reduced, or even eliminated in the future, through improved processes for growing the material. It will be discussed if, and under what conditions, CeBr3 may be better than LaBr3:Ce and LaCl3:Ce for detection of certain special nuclear material ?-rays [2]. An overall advantage of CeBr3 detectors over lanthanum halide and NaI:Tl detectors will be discussed.

  12. CIVIL ENGINEERING PREREQUISITE SUMMARY Note: BSCE candidate means that you have been admitted to upper division. CE enrolled means you are listed

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levinson, David M.

    3316 Transportation Engineering BSCE cand. CE 3426 Soil Mechanics CE 2425, CE 2017, BSCE cand. CE 4096 & Engineering Drawing CE 2017 CE 3016 Surveying Math 1297 CE 3025 Environmental Engineering Chem 1151 or 1153 and 1154, CE 3221, BSCE cand. CE 3026 Project Management None CE 3027 Infrastructure Materials CE 2017

  13. American Power: Order (2010-CE-0911) | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Power: Order (2010-CE-0911) American Power: Order (2010-CE-0911) October 5, 2010 DOE issued an Order and entered into a Compromise Agreement with American Power Solutions, Inc....

  14. rtino is prof of Cyber Ce

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holland, Jeffrey

    Program Technolo Worksho Bertino is Compute systems Compute to secure rtino is prof of Cyber Ce internatio Database Indexing Intelligen Services the Very on the e Security& on Web, Program VLDB, A Data Eng distributed fessor of Co enter and R nce and Se mputer Scien EC laborator maden) in S ers Universi arch

  15. CeBiTec Symposium Molecular Biotechnology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moeller, Ralf

    F), Bielefeld University April 3 ­ 4, 2014 PROGRAMME Thursday, April 3rd, 2014 11:00 Registration / Snacks 12:00 Opening remarks Volker F. Wendisch, Bielefeld University, Germany Welcome addresses Martin Egelhaaf (Vice.N. (University of Paderborn) Introduction to the CeBiTec Thomas Noll, Bielefeld University, Germany Session I

  16. CE 473/573 Groundwater Course information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rehmann, Chris

    . Groundwater modeling 4.1. Introduction to finite-difference models 4.2. Models of groundwater flow 4.3. ModelsCE 473/573 Groundwater Fall 2011 Course information Instructor: Prof. Chris Rehmann rehmann of water and contaminants in groundwater systems to solve problems of groundwater resource evaluation

  17. CE 473/573 Groundwater Course information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rehmann, Chris

    -reactive and reactive contaminants 4. Groundwater modeling 4.1. Introduction to finite-difference models 4.2. Models of groundwater flow 4.3. Models of contaminant transport 4.4. Available models #12;Recommended textbooks FetterCE 473/573 Groundwater Fall 2009 Course information Instructor: Prof. Chris Rehmann rehmann

  18. Direct Analysis of Spectra of Type Ic Supernovae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. Branch

    1999-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Synthetic spectra generated with the parameterized supernova synthetic-spectrum code SYNOW are compared with observed photospheric-phase optical spectra of the normal Type Ic SN 1994I and the peculiar Type Ic SNe 1997ef and 1998bw. The observed spectra can be matched fairly well with synthetic spectra that are based on spherical symmetry and that include lines of just a few ions that are expected to appear on the basis of LTE calculations. Spectroscopic estimates of the mass and kinetic energy of the line-forming layers of the ejected matter give conventional values for SN 1994I but high kinetic energy ($\\sim 30 \\times 10^{51}$ erg) for SN 1997ef and even higher ($\\sim 60 \\times 10^{51}$ erg) for SN 1998bw. It is likely that even if SNe 1997ef and 1998bw were non-spherical, they also were hyper-energetic.

  19. On Maximum Available Feedback and PID Control -1 IEEE SMC UK&RI Applied Cybernetics Dr Richard Mitchell 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mitchell, Richard

    On Maximum Available Feedback and PID Control - 1 IEEE SMC UK&RI Applied Cybernetics © Dr Richard Mitchell 2005 ON MAXIMUM AVAILABLE FEEDBACK AND PID CONTROL Dr Richard Mitchell, Cybernetics, University frequencies A recent IEEE SMC Paper describes a robust PID controller whose phase is flat at key frequencies

  20. Speech enhancement using STFT of real and imaginary parts of modulation This paper investigates an alternate modulation (RI-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Speech enhancement using STFT of real and imaginary parts of modulation signals Abstract This paper investigates an alternate modulation (RI- modulation) AMS-based framework for speech enhancement, in which real subtraction. Experiments presented also show that while this framework is suited to speech enhancement

  1. Applications of the LM392 Comparator Op Amp IC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lanterman, Aaron

    Applications of the LM392 Comparator Op Amp IC The LM339 quad comparator and the LM324 op amp operation and ease of use has contributed to the wide range of applications for these devices. The LM392 FIGURE 1. 00749302 Q1, Q2, Q3 = 2N2369 Q4 = 2N2907 C1, A1 = LM392 amplifier-comparator dual *1% metal

  2. E-Print Network 3.0 - averaging ic drivers Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    ic drivers Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: averaging ic drivers Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Simultaneous Driver and Wire Sizing for...

  3. An energy management IC for bio-implants using ultracapacitors for energy storage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanchez, William R.

    We present the first known energy management IC to allow low-power systems, such as biomedical implants, to optimally use ultracapacitors instead of batteries as their chief energy storage elements. The IC, fabricated in ...

  4. Supernova remnants as cosmic ray accelerators. SNR IC 443

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Hnatyk; O. Petruk

    1999-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We examine the hypothesis that some supernova remnants (SNRs) may be responsible for some unidentified gamma-ray sources detected by EGRET instrument aboard the Compton Gamma Ray Observatory. If this is the case, gamma-rays are produced via pion production and decay from direct inelastic collisions of accelerated by SNR shock wave ultrarelativistic protons with target protons of the interstellar medium. We develop a 3-D hydrodynamical model of SNR IC 443 as a possible cosmic gamma-ray source 2EG J0618+2234. The derived parameters of IC 443: the explosion energy E_o=2.7*10^{50} erg, the initial hydrogen number density n(0)=0.21 cm^{-3}, the mean radius R=9.6 pc and the age t=4500 yr result in too low gamma-ray flux, mainly because of the low explosion energy. Therefore, we investigate in detail the hydrodynamics of IC 443 interaction with a nearby massive molecular cloud and show that the reverse shock wave considerably increases the cosmic ray density in the interaction region. Meantime, the Rayleigh-Taylor instability of contact discontinuity between the SNR and the cloud provides an effective mixing of the containing cosmic ray plasma and the cloud material. We show that the resulting gamma-ray flux is consistent with the observational data.

  5. SPRING 2013 CEE COURSES: v7 rev: 11/08/12 TRANSPORTATION PLANNING as CE 4410 & CE 6410

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acton, Scott

    options for urban transport. After a student registers for CE 4410 or CE WATER MARKETS with Brian Richter and Professor Culver as CE 6500 The utility. This project course will enable us to identify what works best, and how to avoid

  6. Anchoring Sites for Initial Au Nucleation on CeO2{111}: O Vacancy versus Ce Vacancy Changjun Zhang,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alavi, Ali

    Anchoring Sites for Initial Au Nucleation on CeO2{111}: O Vacancy versus Ce Vacancy Changjun Zhang is a matter of debate. Both oxygen and cerium vacancies have been suggested as the anchoring sites initio thermodynamics approaches to investigate the formation of various vacancies at a CeO2{111} surface

  7. IC5063: AGN driven outflow of warm and cold gas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. Morganti; J. Holt; L. Saripalli; T. A. Oosterloo; C. N. Tadhunter

    2007-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

    We present new ATCA 17- and 24-GHz radio images and ESO-NTT optical spectra of the radio-loud Seyfert galaxy IC5063, the first galaxy in which a fast (~ 600 km/s) outflow of neutral hydrogen was discovered. The new radio data confirm the triple radio structure with a central core and two resolved radio lobes. This implies that the previously detected fast outflow of neutral gas is occurring off-nucleus, near a radio lobe about 0.5 kpc from the core. The ionised gas shows complex kinematics in the region co-spatial with the radio emission. Broad and blueshifted (~ 500 km/s) emission is observed in the region of the radio lobe, at the same location as the blueshifted HI absorption. The velocity of the ionised outflow is similar to the one found in HI. The first order correspondence between the radio and optical properties suggests that the outflow is driven by the interaction between the radio jet and the ISM. Despite the high outflow velocities, no evidence is found for the ionisation of the gas being due to fast shocks in the region of the outflow, indicating that photoionisation from the AGN is likely to be the dominant ionisation mechanism. The outflow rate of the warm (ionised) gas is small compared to that of the cold gas. The mass outflow rate associated with the HI is in the same range as for ``mild'' starburst-driven superwinds in ULIRGs. However, in IC5063, the AGN-driven outflow appears to be limited to the inner kpc region of the galaxy. The kinetic power associated with the HI outflow is a small fraction (a few x 10^-4) of the Eddington luminosity of the galaxy but is a significant fraction (~ 0.1) of the nuclear bolometric luminosity. In IC5063, the outflows may have sufficient kinetic power to have a significant impact on the evolution of the ISM in the host galaxy.

  8. Status of the ITER IC H and CD System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lamalle, P. U.; Beaumont, B.; Gassmann, T.; Kazarian, F.; Arambhadiya, B.; Bora, D.; Jacquinot, J.; Mitteau, R.; Schueller, F. C.; Tanga, A. [ITER Organization, CS 90 046, 13067 Saint-Paul-Lez-Durance (France); Baruah, U.; Bhardwaj, A.; Kumar, R.; Mukherjee, A.; Singh, N. P.; Singh, R. [ITER India, A29, Sector 25, GIDC, Gandhinagar, Gujarat (India); Goulding, R.; Rasmussen, D.; Swain, D. [US ITER Project Office, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, P.O. Box 2008, 1055 CM, MS 6483, Oak Ridge, TN 37831-6483 (United States); Agarici, G. [Fusion for Energy, Josep Pla 2, 08019 Barcelona (Spain)] (and others)

    2009-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

    The ITER Ion Cyclotron Heating and Current Drive system will deliver 20 MW of radio frequency power to the plasma in quasi continuous operation during the different phases of the experimental programme. The system also has to perform conditioning of the tokamak first wall at low power between main plasma discharges. This broad range of requirements imposes a high flexibility and a high availability. The paper highlights the physics and design requirements on the IC system, the main features of its subsystems, the predicted performance, and the current procurement and installation schedule.

  9. Microsoft Word - S07757_2011 Mound IC Report

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartment ofDepartment ofofOxford SiteToledo SiteTonawandaUniversity of Doc. No.256IC

  10. Microsoft Word - S07757_2011 Mound IC Report

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartment ofDepartment ofofOxford SiteToledo SiteTonawandaUniversity of Doc. No.256IC1 Doc.

  11. Microsoft Word - S07757_2011 Mound IC Report

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartment ofDepartment ofofOxford SiteToledo SiteTonawandaUniversity of Doc. No.256IC1 Doc.

  12. Microsoft Word - S07757_2011 Mound IC Report

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartment ofDepartment ofofOxford SiteToledo SiteTonawandaUniversity of Doc. No.256IC1

  13. Guidelines for NIH Rodent Transportation 1. The IC Veterinarian or IC Animal Transportation Coordinator is responsible for the oversight of rodent

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bandettini, Peter A.

    1 Guidelines for NIH Rodent Transportation A. General 1. The IC Veterinarian or IC Animal Transportation Coordinator is responsible for the oversight of rodent transportation within their program and assurance that all transportation is handled in accordance with all applicable laws, policies and guidelines

  14. CeCap LLP | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectricEnergyCTBarreis aCallahanWindSyracuse, NY JumpKS"Cayucos,CeCap LLP

  15. CIVIL ENGINEERING Prerequisite Summary Note: BSCE candidate means that you have been admitted to upper division. CE enrolled means you are listed with

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levinson, David M.

    , Math 3280 (conc), BSCE cand. CE 3316 Transportation Engineering BSCE cand. CE 3426 Soil Mechanics CE & Engineering Drawing CE 2017, BSCE cand. CE 3016 Surveying Math 1297, BSCE cand. CE 3025 Environmental Engineering Chem 1151 or 1153 and 1154, CE 3221, BSCE cand. CE 3026 Project Management BSCE cand. CE 3027

  16. Periodic forcing of a 555-IC based hysteretic oscillator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moises Santillan

    2014-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

    In this work we designed and developed a master-slave electronic oscillatory system (based on the 555-timer IC working in the astable mode), and investigated its dynamic behavior regarding synchronization. For that purpose we measured the circulation number corresponding to the phase-locking rhythm achieved in a large set of values of the normalized forcing period (NFP) and of the coupling strength between the master and the slave oscillators. In particular we were interested in the system behavior in the strong-coupling limit, because such problem has not been extensively studied from an experimental perspective. Our results indicate the existence of a degenerate codimension-2 bifurcation point at NFP=1:2, where all the phase-locking regions converge in the very strong coupling limit. These findings were corroborated by a mathematical model we developed to that end.

  17. C32, A Young Star Cluster in IC 1613

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ted K. Wyder; Paul W. Hodge; Andrew Cole

    2000-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

    The Local Group irregular galaxy IC 1613 has remained an enigma for many years because of its apparent lack of star clusters. We report the successful search for clusters among several of the candidate objects identified many years ago on photographic plates. We have used a single HST WFPC2 pointing and a series of images obtained with the WIYN telescope under exceptional seeing conditions, examining a total of 23 of the previously published candidates. All but six of these objects were found to be either asterisms or background galaxies. Five of the six remaining candidates possibly are small, sparse clusters and the sixth, C32, is an obvious cluster. It is a compact, young object, with an age of less than 10 million years and a total absolute magnitude of M_V = -5.78+/-0.16 within a radius of 13 pc.

  18. Universitt Bielefeld Centrum fr Biotechnologie -CeBiTec

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moeller, Ralf

    for the development of algal biotechnology Center for Interdisciplinary Research (ZiF), Bielefeld University, Germany September 21 ­ 24, 2014 The Center for Biotechnology (CeBiTec) of Bielefeld University cordially invites you include The 2014 International CeBiTec Research Conference aims to give a complete overview

  19. Offering Songs, Festive Songs, Processional Songs mGar-gLu, Khro-Glu, Phebsnga: Khang Lhamo, Yandol & Pema Dolma Music: Ri di ngak me ri la, 'The belt on the boots'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blumenthal, Katey

    di ngak me ri la Translation of title The belt on the boots Description (to be used in archive entry) A song about festive dress and customs. Genre or type (i.e. epic, song, ritual) ‘khro glu (festive song) Medium (i.e. reel to reel, web... objects used in performance Level of public access (fully closed, fully open) Fully open for web streaming Notes and context (include reference to any related documentation, such as photographs) "This belt is really long on the boots. If we use...

  20. Low-energy RI beam technology and nuclear clusters in the explosive pp-chain breakout process

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kubono, S. [Institute of Modern Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanchang Road 509, Lanzhou 73000 (China); RIKEN Nishina Center, 2-1 Hirosawa, Wako, Saitama 351-0198 (Japan); Center for Nuclear Study, University of Tokyo, 2-1 Hirosawa, Wako, Saitama 351-0 (Japan); Yamaguchi, H.; Kahl, D. M.; Ohshiro, Y.; Watanabe, S.; Yamazaki, N. [Center for Nuclear Study, University of Tokyo, 2-1 Hirosawa, Wako, Saitama 351-0198 (Japan); Teranishi, T. [Department of Physics, Kyushu University, 6-10-1 Hakozaki, Fukuoka 812-858 (Japan); Yanagisawa, Y.; Wakabayashi, Y.; Kase, M. [RIKEN Nishina Center, 2-1 Hirosawa, Wako, Saitama 351-0198 (Japan); Hayakawa, S. [Laboratori Nazionali del Sud, Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Via S. Sofia 62, 95125 Catania (Italy); Kwon, Y. K. [Institute for Basic Science, 70, Yuseong-daero 1689-gil, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-81 (Korea, Republic of); Hashimoto, T.; Fukuda, Y. [Research Center for Nuclear Physics, Osaka University, 10-1 Mihogaoka, Ibaraki, Osaka 567-0047 (Japan); He, J. J. [Institute of Modern Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanchang Road 509, Lanzhou 73000 (China); Goto, A. [Faculty of Medcine, Yamagata University, Yamagata 990-2331 (Japan); Muto, H. [Center of General Education, Tokyo University of Science at Suwa, Chino, Nagano 391-0292 (Japan)

    2014-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The lecture includes two parts: One is a discussion on the technology for developing RIB beam facility based on the in-flight method and relevant experimental technology. The second part is a discussion on experimental efforts for studying the breakout process from the pp-chain region based on recent works with low energy RI beams. The discussion of the second part specifically covers the problem of the vp-process in type II supernovae in terms of alpha cluster nature for the reactions.

  1. Siemens AG, CT IC 4, H.-G. Zimmermann1 CORPORATETECHNOLOGY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmidhuber, Juergen

    © Siemens AG, CT IC 4, H.-G. Zimmermann1 CORPORATETECHNOLOGY System Identification & Forecasting with Advanced Neural Networks Principles, Techniques, Applications Hans Georg Zimmermann Siemens AG Email : Hans_Georg.Zimmermann@siemens.com © Siemens AG, CT IC 4, H.-G. Zimmermann2 CORPORATETECHNOLOGY . . . . ! " i ii wxw 0 w1 wn xn x1 Distinct

  2. ATLAS Binary Readout IC (ABC) Specification V5.01 21Jul1999 Project Specification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    ATLAS Binary Readout IC (ABC) Specification V5.01 21­Jul­1999 Project Specification Project Name: ATLAS ATLAS Binary Readout IC (ABC) Specification V5.01 21­Jul­1999 Table of Contents 1. SCOPE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 1.1. ATLAS BINARY FRONT END READOUT ARCHITECTURE

  3. ATLAS Binary Readout IC (ABC) Specification V5.01 21-Jul-1999 Project Specification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    Page 1 ATLAS Binary Readout IC (ABC) Specification V5.01 21-Jul-1999 Project Specification Project Name: ATLAS Binary Chip (ABC) Version: 5.01 Revision History Revision Change Description, Pages Revised and formatting. M. French 21-Jul-99 #12;Page 2 ATLAS Binary Readout IC (ABC) Specification V5.01 21-Jul-1999

  4. Formal Verification of Safety I&C System Designs: Two Nuclear Power Plant Related Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heljanko, Keijo

    C4.2 Formal Verification of Safety I&C System Designs: Two Nuclear Power Plant Related Applications and control (I&C) systems play a crucial role in the operation of nuclear power plants (NPP) and other safety is available. The use of model checking to verify two nuclear power plant related systems is described: an arc

  5. Synthesis and structure of nanocrystalline mixed Ce–Yb silicates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ma?ecka, Ma?gorzata A., E-mail: M.Malecka@int.pan.wroc.pl; K?pi?ski, Leszek

    2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Graphical abstract: - Highlights: • New method of synthesis of nanocrystalline mixed lanthanide silicates is proposed. • Formation of A-type (Ce{sub 1?y}Yb{sub y}){sub 2}Si{sub 2}O{sub 7} in well dispersed Ce{sub 1?x}Yb{sub x}O{sub 2?(x/2)}–SiO{sub 2} system. • Formation of Yb{sub y}Ce{sub 9.33?y}(SiO{sub 4}){sub 6}O{sub 2} in agglomerated Ce{sub 1?x}Yb{sub x}O{sub 2?(x/2)}–SiO{sub 2} system. - Abstract: This work presents results of studies on synthesis and structure of mixed, nanocrystalline Ce–Yb silicates. Using TEM, XRD and FTIR we showed that heat treatment of nanocrystalline Ce{sub 1?x}Yb{sub x}O{sub 2?(x/2)} (x = 0.3, 0.5) mixed oxide supported on amorphous silica in reducing atmosphere, results in formation of Ce–Yb mixed silicates. Dispersion of the oxide on the silica surface and thus a local lanthanide/Si atomic ratio determines the stoichiometry of the silicate. Oxide crystallites uniformly dispersed on the silica surface transformed into A-(Ce{sub 1?y}Yb{sub y}){sub 2}Si{sub 2}O{sub 7} disilicate, while the agglomerated nanoparticles converted into Yb{sub y}Ce{sub 9.33?y}(SiO{sub 4}){sub 6}O{sub 2} oxyapatite silicate as an intermediate phase.

  6. X-ray Emission from Megamaser Galaxy IC 2560

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Madejski, Greg; /SLAC /KIPAC, Menlo Park; Done, Chris; /Durham U.; Zycki, Piotr; /Warsaw, Copernicus Astron. Ctr.; Greenhill, Lincoln; /KIPAC, Menlo Park

    2005-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Observation of the H{sub 2}O megamaser galaxy IC 2560 with the Chandra Observatory reveals a complex spectrum composed of soft X-ray emission due to multi-temperature thermal plasma, and a hard continuum with strong emission lines. The continuum is most likely a Compton reflection (reprocessing) of primary emission that is completely absorbed at least up to 7 keV. The lines can be identified with fluorescence from Si, S and Fe in the lowest ionization stages. The equivalent widths of the Si and S lines are broadly compatible with those anticipated for reprocessing by optically thick cold plasma of Solar abundances, while the large equivalent width of the Fe line requires some overabundance of iron. A contribution to the line from a transmitted component cannot be ruled out, but the limits on the strength of the Compton shoulder make it less likely. From the bolometric luminosity of the nuclear region, we infer that the source radiates at 1-10% of its Eddington luminosity, for an adopted central mass of 3 x 10{sup 6} M{sub {circle_dot}}. The overall spectrum is consistent with the hypotheses that the central engines powering the detected megamsers in accretion disks are obscured from direct view by the associated accretion disk material itself, and that there is a correlation between the occurrence of megamaser emission and Compton-thick absorption columns. For the 11 known galaxies with both column density measurements and maser emission believed to arise from accretion disks, eight AGN are Compton thick.

  7. Ferromagnetism in chemically synthesized CeO2 nanoparticles by...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    by Ni doping. Ferromagnetism in chemically synthesized CeO2 nanoparticles by Ni doping. Abstract: This work reports the discovery of room-temperature ferromagnetism in 5 - 9 nm...

  8. Validation of the International Code Compliant Calculator (IC3) Using the RESNET Verification Procedures (No. 07-003)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malhotra, Mini; Kim, Hyojin; Liu, Zi; Haberl, Jeff

    Figure 2: Cooling Load and Cooling Load Differential Results Using IC3 in Las Vegas, NV ..................................... 6 Figure 3: Percent Heating/Cooling Energy Use Change Using IC3 for HVAC Test Cases ....................................... 10... Springs, CO and cooling load (Figures 2a and 2b) and cooling load differential (Figures 2c and 2d) Las Vegas, NV, respectively, produced by the three reference programs compared against the predictions of IC3. All IC3 results fall within the 90...

  9. Frequency Scalable Non-Linear Waveform Generator for Mixed-Simal Power-Factor-Correction IC Controller'

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frequency Scalable Non-Linear Waveform Generator for Mixed-Simal Power-Factor-Correction IC derives a family of digital non-linear waveform generators fundamental to the developement of an adaptive-Signal IC Gontroller Block Diagram frequency scalable non-linear waveform generators for the IC controller

  10. Ca2+-Doped CeBr3 Scintillating Materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guss, Paul [NSTec; Foster, Michael E. [SNL; Wong, Bryan M. [SNL; Doty, F. Patrick [SNL; Shah, Kanai [RMD; Squillante, Michael R. [RMD; Shirwadkar, Urmila [RMD; Hawrami, Rastgo [RMD; Tower, Josh [RMD; Yuan, Ding [NSTec

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Despite the outstanding scintillation performance characteristics of cerium tribromide (CeBr3) and cerium-activated lanthanum tribromide, their commercial availability and application are limited due to the difficulties of growing large, crack-free single crystals from these fragile materials. This investigation employed aliovalent doping to increase crystal strength while maintaining the optical properties of the crystal. One divalent dopant (Ca2+) was used as a dopant to strengthen CeBr3 without negatively impacting scintillation performance. Ingots containing nominal concentrations of 1.9% of the Ca2+ dopant were grown. Preliminary scintillation measurements are presented for this aliovalently doped scintillator. Ca2+-doped CeBr3 exhibited little or no change in the peak fluorescence emission for 371 nm optical excitation for CeBr3. The structural, electronic, and optical properties of CeBr3 crystals were studied using the density functional theory within the generalized gradient approximation. The calculated lattice parameters are in good agreement with the experimental data. The energy band structures and density of states were obtained. The optical properties of CeBr3, including the dielectric function, were calculated.

  11. Effects of CeO2 Support Facets on VOx/CeO2 Catalysts in Oxidative...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The higher activity for VOxCeO2(110) might be related to the more abundant oxygen vacancies present on the (110) facets, evidenced from Raman spectroscopic measurements....

  12. Engineering design automation tool for yield learning model for IC packaging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sarwar, Abul Kalam

    2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The leading edge of semiconductor manufacturing is the high yield production of semiconductor devices of which integrated circuit packaging has a continuous increasing demand along with integrated circiut functionality. IC packaging manufacturing...

  13. TestosterICs: A Low-Cost Functional Chip Tester David Harris and David Diaz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harris, David Money

    TestosterICs: A Low-Cost Functional Chip Tester David Harris and David Diaz Department of Engineering Harvey Mudd College Claremont, CA 91711 David_Harris@hmc.edu Abstract Students in VLSI design

  14. Revisiting the Image of "Bushmen Tea" Jean-Lo'ic Le Quellec,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Revisiting the Image of "Bushmen Tea" Jean-Lo'ic Le Quellec, Research Director, CNRS (French appalling. Rooibos container. The Achterfontein brand was created in 2008. The logo adapted from a bushman

  15. Analysis of Interlayer Shorts in a 0.5 {micro}m CMOS IC Technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cole, E.I.; Henderson, C.L.; Soden, J.M.

    1999-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Sandia is manufacturing CMOS ICs with 0.5 {micro}m LOCOS and shallow trench isolation (STI) technologies and is developing a 0.35 {micro}m SOI technology. A program based on burn-in and life tests is being used to qualify the 0.5 {micro}m technologies for delivery of high reliability ICs to customers for military and space applications. Representative ICs from baseline wafer lots are assembled using a high reliability process with multilayer hermetic, ceramic packages. These ICs are electrically tested before, during, and after burn-in and subsequent 1000 hour dynamic and static life tests. Two types of ICS are being used for this qualification, a 256K bit SRAM and a Microcontroller Core (MCC). Over 600 ICs have successfully completed these qualification tests, resulting in a failure rate estimate of less than 4 FITS for satellite applications. Recently, a group of SRAMS from a development wafer lot incorporating nonqualified processes of the 0.5 {micro}m LOCOS technology had an unusually high number of failures during the initial electrical test after packaging. The investigation of these failures is described.

  16. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF HYPERTENSION | VOLUME 23 NUMBER 4 | 393-398 | apRiL 2010 393 original contributionsnature publishing group

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Konofagou, Elisa E.

    AMERICAN JOURNAL OF HYPERTENSION | VOLUME 23 NUMBER 4 | 393-398 | apRiL 2010 393 original to be an inde- pendent predictor of all-cause and cardiovascular mortalities,1 especially in hypertensive events3 and of fatal stroke4 in hypertensive patients, an independent risk factor for recurrent acute

  17. Qualification of the First ICS-3000 ION Chromatograph for use at the Defense Waste Processing Facility

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Edwards, T; Mahannah, R.

    2011-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The ICS-3000 Ion Chromatography (IC) system installed in 221-S M-13 has been qualified for use. The qualification was a head to head comparison of the ICS-3000 with the currently used DX-500 IC system. The crosscheck work included standards for instrument calibration and calibration verifications and standards for individual anion analysis, where the standards were traceable back to the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). In addition the crosscheck work included the analysis of simulated Sludge Receipt Adjustment Tank (SRAT) Receipt, SRAT Product, and Slurry Mix Evaporator (SME) samples, along with radioactive Sludge Batch 5 material from the SRAT and SME tanks. Based upon the successful qualification of the ICS-3000 in M-13, it is recommended that this task proceed in developing the data to qualify, by a head to head comparison of the two ICS-3000 instruments, a second ICS-3000 to be installed in M-14. The Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) requires the analysis of specific anions at various stages of its processing of high level waste (HLW). The anions of interest to the DWPF are fluoride, formate, chloride, nitrite, nitrate, sulfate, oxalate, and phosphate. The anion analysis is used to evaluate process chemistry including formic acid/nitric acid additions to establish optimum conditions for mercury stripping, reduction-oxidation (REDOX) chemistry for the melter, nitrite destruction, organic acid constituents, etc. The DWPF Laboratory (Lab) has been using Dionex DX-500 ion chromatography (IC) systems since 1998. The vendor informed DWPF in 2006 that the instruments would no longer be supported by service contracts after 2008. DWPF purchased three new ICS-3000 systems in September of 2006. The ICS-3000 instruments are (a) designed to be more stable using an eluent generator to make eluent, (b) require virtually no daily chemical handling by the analysts, (c) require less line breaks in the hood, and (d) generally require less maintenance due to the pump configuration only using water versus the current system where the pump uses various hydroxide concentrations. The ICS-3000 instruments also allow the DWPF to maintain current service contracts, which support routine preventive maintenance and emergency support for larger problems such as component failure. One of the three new systems was set up in the DWPF Lab trailers in January of 2007 to be used for the development of methods and procedures. This system will continue to be used for training, new method development and potential improvements to current methods. The qualification of the other two ICS-3000 instruments is to be a phased effort. This effort is to be supported by the Applied Computational Engineering and Statistical (ACES) group of the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) as authorized by the Technical Task Request (TTR) and as directed by the corresponding Task Technical and Quality Assurance (TT&QA) plan. The installation of the first 'rad' system into the M-13 Lab module required modifications to both the Lab module and to the radiohood. The installation was completed in July 2008. The testing of this system was conducted as directed by the TT&QA plan. The purpose of this technical report is to provide a review of the data generated by these tests that will lead to the recommendation for the qualification of the M-13 ICS-3000 instrument. With the successful qualification of this first ICS-3000, plans will be developed for the installation of the second 'rad' system in the M-14 Lab module later in fiscal year 2009. When the second 'rad' ICS-3000 system is installed, the DX-500 systems will be removed and retired from service.

  18. Homoleptic Ce(III) and Ce(IV) Nitroxide Complexes: Significant Stabilization of the 4+ Oxidation State

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bogart, Justin A.; Lewis, Andrew J.; Medling, Scott A.; Piro, Nicholas A.; Carroll, Patrick J.; Booth, Corwin H.; Schelter, Eric J.

    2014-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Electrochemical experiments performed on the complex Ce-IV[2-((BuNO)-Bu-t)py](4), where [2-((BuNO)-Bu-t)py](-) = N-tert-butyl-N-2-pyridylnitroxide, indicate a 2.51 V stabilization of the 4+ oxidation state of Ce compared to [(Bu4N)-Bu-n](2)[Ce(NO3)(6)] in acetonitrile and a 2.95 V stabilization compared to the standard potential for the ion under aqueous conditions. Density functional theory calculations suggest that this preference for the higher oxidation state is a result of the tetrakis(nitroxide) ligand framework at the Ce cation, which allows for effective electron donation into, and partial covalent overlap with, vacant 4f orbitals with delta symmetry. The results speak to the behavior of CeO2 and related solid solutions in oxygen uptake and transport applications, in particular an inherent local character of bonding that stabilizes the 4+ oxidation state. The results indicate a cerium(IV) complex that has been stabilized to an unprecedented degree through tuning of its ligand-field environment.

  19. Luminescence Enhancement of CdTe Nanostructures in LaF3:Ce/CdTe...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Enhancement of CdTe Nanostructures in LaF3:CeCdTe Nanocomposites. Luminescence Enhancement of CdTe Nanostructures in LaF3:CeCdTe Nanocomposites. Abstract: Radiation detection...

  20. The suburban villa (munya) and court culture in Umayyad Cordoba (756-976 CE)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anderson, Glaire D

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As the capital of the Umayyad dynasty (r. 756 CE-1031 CE), the city of Cordoba developed into one of the most renowned urban centers of the western Mediterranean. The Great Mosque of Cordoba is the outstanding testament ...

  1. CE 467 / 567 HIGHWAY SAFETY AND OPERATIONS Fall 2006 Course Syllabus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickman, Mark

    1 CE 467 / 567 HIGHWAY SAFETY AND OPERATIONS Fall 2006 Course Syllabus Catalog This course of class) #12;2 CE 467 / 567 HIGHWAY SAFETY AND OPERATIONS Fall 2006 Course Syllabus Course Outline: What

  2. E-Print Network 3.0 - allanita-ce vinculadas al Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    allanita-ce vinculadas al Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: allanita-ce vinculadas al Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Elena Garrigs Mic,...

  3. CE FLNG, LLC - FE DKT. NO. 12-123-LNG - ORDER 3193 | Department...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    CE FLNG, LLC - FE DKT. NO. 12-123-LNG - ORDER 3193 CE FLNG, LLC - FE DKT. NO. 12-123-LNG - ORDER 3193 No reports submitted for this docket. More Documents & Publications...

  4. Proactive Design of n-Type (In, Ce) Filled Skutterudites Enabling...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Design of n-Type (In, Ce) Filled Skutterudites Enabling High-Temperature Waste Heat Recovery Proactive Design of n-Type (In, Ce) Filled Skutterudites Enabling High-Temperature...

  5. SUPER-LUMINOUS TYPE Ic SUPERNOVAE: CATCHING A MAGNETAR BY THE TAIL

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Inserra, C.; Smartt, S. J.; Jerkstrand, A.; Fraser, M.; Wright, D.; Smith, K.; Chen, T.-W.; Kotak, R.; Nicholl, M. [Astrophysics Research Centre, School of Mathematics and Physics, Queens University Belfast, Belfast BT7 1NN (United Kingdom); Valenti, S. [Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope Network, 6740 Cortona Dr., Suite 102 Goleta, CA 93117 (United States); Pastorello, A.; Benetti, S. [INAF, Osservatorio Astronomico di Padova, vicolo dell'Osservatorio 5, I-35122 Padova (Italy); Bresolin, F.; Kudritzki, R. P.; Burgett, W. S.; Chambers, K. C.; Flewelling, H. [Institute of Astronomy, University of Hawaii, 2680 Woodlawn Drive, Honolulu, HI 96822 (United States); Botticella, M. T. [INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Capodimonte, Salita Moiariello 16, I-80131 Napoli (Italy); Ergon, M. [The Oskar Klein Centre, Department of Astronomy, AlbaNova, Stockholm University, SE-10691 Stockholm (Sweden); Fynbo, J. P. U., E-mail: c.inserra@qub.ac.uk [Dark Cosmology Centre, Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, DK-2100 Copenhagen (Denmark); and others

    2013-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We report extensive observational data for five of the lowest redshift Super-Luminous Type Ic Supernovae (SL-SNe Ic) discovered to date, namely, PTF10hgi, SN2011ke, PTF11rks, SN2011kf, and SN2012il. Photometric imaging of the transients at +50 to +230 days after peak combined with host galaxy subtraction reveals a luminous tail phase for four of these SL-SNe. A high-resolution, optical, and near-infrared spectrum from xshooter provides detection of a broad He I {lambda}10830 emission line in the spectrum (+50 days) of SN2012il, revealing that at least some SL-SNe Ic are not completely helium-free. At first sight, the tail luminosity decline rates that we measure are consistent with the radioactive decay of {sup 56}Co, and would require 1-4 M{sub Sun} of {sup 56}Ni to produce the luminosity. These {sup 56}Ni masses cannot be made consistent with the short diffusion times at peak, and indeed are insufficient to power the peak luminosity. We instead favor energy deposition by newborn magnetars as the power source for these objects. A semi-analytical diffusion model with energy input from the spin-down of a magnetar reproduces the extensive light curve data well. The model predictions of ejecta velocities and temperatures which are required are in reasonable agreement with those determined from our observations. We derive magnetar energies of 0.4 {approx}< E(10{sup 51} erg) {approx}< 6.9 and ejecta masses of 2.3 {approx}< M{sub ej}(M{sub Sun }) {approx}< 8.6. The sample of five SL-SNe Ic presented here, combined with SN 2010gx-the best sampled SL-SNe Ic so far-points toward an explosion driven by a magnetar as a viable explanation for all SL-SNe Ic.

  6. Insights Gained for Updating an Analog I&C System to a Digital System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Adams, A. [U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission; Carte, N. [U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission; Hardesty, Duane [U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission; Hardin, LeRoy A [U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission; Wilson, Thomas L [ORNL

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Licensees at both Nuclear Power Plants (NPPs) and Non-Power Reactors (NPRs) are increasing their use of state-of-the-art digital technology in instrumentation and control (I&C) systems because digital systems offer improved reactor control, information processing, and information storage over analog. Digital I&C systems can range from experimental systems for reactor control research (at NPRs), to measurement and display systems, to complete reactor console replacements. Because of the increasing difficulty in finding spare parts for their original analog I&C systems, many licensees have begun or have plans to upgrade, refurbish, or replace their old analog I&C systems with digital systems. The perception is that upgrading to a digital I&C system will solve all of a facility s obsolescence problems. However, licensees need to be aware of several issues associated with upgrading to a digital system including obsolescence of the digital system (hardware and software) because of the short product life cycle and the associated cost to acquire, store, and maintain a long-term supply of spare parts. Configuration management and cyber security are also vitally important for any upgrade. Further, it must be recognized that the introduction of software and microprocessors could create new failure mechanisms, such as software errors and increased susceptibility to electromagnetic interference. In fact, experience has shown that these failure mechanisms may cause the reactor to malfunction in a way not previously considered. Thus, a conversion from analog to digital I&C systems solves some problems while potentially introducing others. Recognition of the additional risks coupled with good design, engineering, review, and testing can identify and minimize these risks.

  7. Magnetic structures and interplay between rare-earth Ce and Fe magnetism in single-crystal CeFeAsO

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Qiang [Ames Laboratory; Tian, Wei [Ames Laboratory; Li, Haifeng [Ames Laboratory; Kim, Jong-Woo [Argonne Naitonal Laboratory; Yan, Jiaqiang [Ames Laboratory; McCallum, Robert William [Ames Laboratory; Lograsso, Thomas A. [Ames Laboratory; Zarestky, Jerel L. [Ames Laboratory; Budko, Sergey L. [Ames Laboratory; McQueeney, Robert J. [Ames Laboratory; Vaknin, David [Ames Laboratory

    2013-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Neutron and synchrotron resonant x-ray magnetic scattering (RXMS) complemented by heat capacity and resistivity measurements reveal the evolution of the magnetic structures of Fe and Ce sublattices in a CeFeAsO single crystal. The RXMS of magnetic reflections at the Ce LII edge shows a magnetic transition that is specific to the Ce antiferromagnetic long-range ordering at TCe? 4 K with short-range Ce ordering above TCe, whereas neutron diffraction measurements of a few magnetic reflections indicate a transition at T?? 12 K with an unusual order parameter. Detailed order-parameter measurements on several magnetic reflections by neutrons show a weak anomaly at 4 K that we associate with the Ce ordering. The successive transitions at TCe and T? can also be clearly identified by two anomalies in heat capacity and resistivity measurements. The higher transition temperature at T?? 12 K is mainly ascribed to Fe spin reorientation transition, below which Fe spins rotate uniformly and gradually in the ab plane. The Fe spin reorientation transition and short-range Ce ordering above TCe reflect the strong Fe-Ce couplings prior to long-range ordering of the Ce. The evolution of the intricate magnetic structures in CeFeAsO going through T? and TCe is proposed.

  8. ue Ce ec o o es o a Energy Efficiency &

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    phenomena improving MEA and stack performance · Optimize fuel cells and systems for early marketue Ce ec o o es o a Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy Fuel Cell Bus Workshop Overview and Purppose Dimitrios Papageorgopoulos Fuel Cell Technologgies Proggram DOE and DOT Joint Fuel Cell Bus

  9. University of Saskatchewan College of Arts & sCienCe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patterson, William P.

    University of Saskatchewan College of Arts & sCienCe Annual report 2009/2010 #12;Contents The Dean thought....The strong work ethic of the youth of Saskatchewan, who are then exposed to high- minded Simard, BA'69, LLB'70 Minister of Health, Government of Saskatchewan (1991­1995) #12;The dean's message I

  10. 2014 Course Description Solid Waste Engineering -CE 477

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barlaz, Morton A.

    2014 Course Description Solid Waste Engineering - CE 477 Engineering Principles of Solid Waste on course web site http://people.engr.ncsu.edu/barlaz/ Solid Waste Technology & Management by Christensen et al (eBook available through NCSU libraries) Solid waste management must be addressed by virtually

  11. CE 469 / 569 TRAVEL DEMAND MODELING Spring 2006 Course Syllabus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickman, Mark

    of travel demand data, and should apply these methods to estimating and to forecasting travel demand these to practical modeling scenarios. The student should also use existing computer tools to forecast travel demand1 CE 469 / 569 TRAVEL DEMAND MODELING Spring 2006 Course Syllabus Catalog Detailed investigation

  12. Seven-quasiparticle bands in {sup 139}Ce

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chanda, Somen; Bhattacharjee, Tumpa; Bhattacharyya, Sarmishtha; Mukherjee, Anjali; Basu, Swapan Kumar; Ragnarsson, I.; Bhowmik, R. K.; Muralithar, S.; Singh, R. P.; Ghugre, S. S.; Pramanik, U. Datta [Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre, Kolkata 700064 (India); Division of Mathematical Physics, Lund Institute of Technology, Lund University, P. O. Box 118, S-22100 Lund (Sweden); Inter University Accelerator Centre, New Delhi 110067 (India); University Grants Commission and Department of Atomic Energy Consortium for Scientific Research, Kolkata 700098 (India); Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, Kolkata 700064 (India)

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The high spin states in the {sup 139}Ce nucleus have been studied by in-beam {gamma}-spectroscopic techniques using the reaction {sup 130}Te({sup 12}C,3n){sup 139}Ce at E{sub beam}=65 MeV. A gamma detector array, consisting of five Compton-suppressed Clover detectors was used for coincidence measurements. 15 new levels have been proposed and 28 new {gamma} transitions have been assigned to {sup 139}Ce on the basis of {gamma}{gamma} coincidence data. The level scheme of {sup 139}Ce has been extended above the known 70 ns (19/2){sup -} isomer up to {approx}6.1 MeV in excitation energy and (35/2)({Dirac_h}/2{pi}) in spin. The spin-parity assignments for most of the newly proposed levels have been made using the deduced Directional Correlation from Oriented states of nuclei (DCO ratio) and the Polarization Directional Correlation from Oriented states (PDCO ratio) for the de-exciting transitions. The observed level structure has been compared with a large basis shell model calculation and also with the predictions from cranked Nilsson-Strutinsky (CNS) calculations. A general consistency has been observed between these two different theoretical approaches.

  13. CE 4990 -Construction Scheduling Week 1: Steel Frame Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mukherjee, Amlan

    CE 4990 - Construction Scheduling Week 1: Steel Frame Project Fall 2011 January 13, 2012 Introduction You are a construction manager for a project to build a steel frame for an office building1 of 964 pre-fabricated structural steel members will be used in the construction. The standard bay size

  14. Thermodynamic and Structural Features of Aqueous Ce(III)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Adriana Dinescu; Aurora E. Clark

    2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    With a single f-electron, Ce(III) is the simplest test case for benchmarking the thermodynamic and structural properties of hydrated Ln(III) against varying density functionals and reaction field models, in addition to determining the importance of multiconfigurational character in their wave functions. Here, the electronic structure of Ce(H2O)x(H2O)y3+ (x = 8, 9; y = 0, 12-14) has been examined using DFT and CASSCF calculations. The latter confirmed that the wave function of octa- and nona-aqua Ce(III) is well-described by a single configuration. Benchmarking was performed for density functionals, reaction field cavity types, and solvation reactions against the experimental free energy of hydration, ?Ghyd(Ce3+). The UA0, UAKS, Pauling, and UFF polarized continuum model cavities displayed different performance, depending on whether one or two hydration shells were examined, and as a function of the size of the metal basis set. These results were essentially independent of the density functional employed. Using these benchmarks, the free energy for water exchange between CN = 8 and CN = 9, for which no experimental data are available, was estimated to be approximately -4 kcal/mol.

  15. Thermodynamic and Structural Features of Aqueous Ce(III)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dinescu, Adriana; Clark, Aurora E.

    2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

    With a single f-electron, Ce(III) is the simplest test case for benchmarking the thermodynamic and structural properties of hydrated Ln(III) against varying density functionals and reaction field models, in addition to determining the importance of multiconfigurational character in their wave functions. Here, the electronic structure of Ce(H?O)x(H?O)y 3+ (x =8, 9; y= 0, 12-14) has been examined using DFT and CASSCF calculations. The latter confirmed that the wave function of octa- and nona-aqua Ce(III) is well-described by a single configuration. Benchmarking was performed for density functionals, reaction field cavity types, and solvation reactions against the experimental free energy of hydration, ?Ghyd(Ce3+). The UA0, UAKS, Pauling, and UFF polarized continuum model cavities displayed different performance, depending on whether one or two hydration shells were examined, and as a function of the size of the metal basis set. These results were essentially independent of the density functional employed. Using these benchmarks, the free energy for water exchange between CN = 8 and CN = 9, for which no experimental data are available, was estimated to be approximately -4 kcal/mol.

  16. CO Oxidation mechanism on CeO2-supported Au nanoclusters

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kim H. Y.; Henkelman, G.

    2013-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

    To reveal the richer chemistry of CO oxidation by CeO2 supported Au Nanoclusters(NCs)/Nanoparticles, we design Au13 and Au12 supported on a flat and a stepped-CeO2 model (Au/CeO2) and study various kinds of CO oxidation mechanisms at the Au-CeO2 interface and the Au NC as well.

  17. In this Issue International CeBiTec Research Conference on Algal Biotechnology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moeller, Ralf

    Biotechnology From September 21 to 24, 2014, the CeBiTec organized the 4th International CeBiTec Research production. In this respect, the 4th International CeBiTec Research Conference 2014 aimed to give a completeBiTec ­ Quarterly www.cebitec.uni-bielefeld.de #12;2 | 4 CeBiTec ­ Quarterly | Autumn 2014 International

  18. Neutron scattering of CeNi at the SNS-ORNL: A preliminary report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mirmelstein, A. [Russian Federal Nuclear Center VNIITF, Snezhinsk, Russia; Podlesnyak, Andrey A [ORNL; Kolesnikov, Alexander I [ORNL; Saporov, B. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Sefat, A.S. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Tobin, J. G. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL)

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This is a preliminary report of a neutron scattering experiment used to investigate 4f electron behavior in Ce.

  19. DAO O ce Note 1998-05 Version 1 Dated 12/06/1999 O ce Note Series on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Assimilation Siegfried Schubert, Editor Documentation of the Physical-Space Statistical Analysis System (PSAS and sources, as well as the use of the multivariate formulation. An on-line version of this document can be obtained from the DAO. Robert M. Atlas, Acting Head Data Assimilation O ce Goddard Space Flight Center

  20. Linear Regression and Random Forests for Layer Identification in IC Layout Reverse-Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Freitas, Nando

    050 051 052 053 Linear Regression and Random Forests for Layer Identification in IC Layout Reverse in the process; the bulk of the work consists of tracing from the die images the regions which form components, resistors, and capacitors. The common types of layers are the bulk (substrate, i.e. the base silicon

  1. Posting type Advisory Subject Varying bias of XRF sulfur relative to IC sulfate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fischer, Emily V.

    Posting type Advisory Subject Varying bias of XRF sulfur relative to IC sulfate Module/Species A of evidence point to XRF measurement bias as the source of most of the observed variation. Figure 1 shows that was offset by two abrupt increases, each coming at the start of a new sample month. The XRF analyses, unlike

  2. Thermal-Aware Cell and Through-Silicon-Via Co-Placement for 3D ICs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cong, Jason "Jingsheng"

    that when the TSV area in each bin is proportional to the lumped power consumption in that bin, together implement a thermal- aware 3D placement tool. Compared to the methods that prefer a uniform powerThermal-Aware Cell and Through-Silicon-Via Co-Placement for 3D ICs Jason Cong, 1,2 Guojie Luo, 1

  3. SN 2005at - A neglected type Ic supernova at 10 Mpc

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kankare, E; Ryder, S; Romero-Canizales, C; Mattila, S; Kotak, R; Laursen, P; Monard, L A G; Salvo, M; Vaisanen, P

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a photometric and spectroscopic study of a reddened type Ic supernova (SN) 2005at. We report our results based on the available data of SN 2005at, including late-time observations from the Spitzer Space Telescope and the Hubble Space Telescope. In particular, late-time mid-infrared observations are something rare for type Ib/c SNe. In our study we find SN 2005at to be very similar photometrically and spectroscopically to another nearby type Ic SN 2007gr, underlining the prototypical nature of this well-followed type Ic event. The spectroscopy of both events shows similar narrow spectral line features. The radio observations of SN 2005at are consistent with fast evolution and low luminosity at radio wavelengths. The late-time Spitzer data suggest the presence of an unresolved light echo from interstellar dust and dust formation in the ejecta, both of which are unique observations for a type Ic SN. The late-time Hubble observations reveal a faint point source coincident with SN 2005at, which is very ...

  4. Dual Low Voltage IC Based High and Low Side Yan Yin, Regan Zane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    drivers are required in most switching power converters to provide on/off control of both ground referenced and floating switches. The drivers are required to provide sufficient current to the gates to meet and low-side gate drivers; dual low voltage ICs; capacitive coupling; charge pump I. INTRODUCTION High

  5. Integrated Results for Dual Low Voltage IC Based High and Low Side Gate Drive

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Science Foundation (under Grant No.0348772), General Electric Global Research (through Co Zane Colorado Power Electronics Center (CoPEC) Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, UCB 425 University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, CO 80309-0425 regan.zane@colorado.edu Abstmct- An IC

  6. The Need for a Full-Chip and Package Thermal Model for Thermally Optimized IC Designs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skadron, Kevin

    ceramic ball-grid array (CBGA) pack- age consisting of the chip (die), thermal interface material, heatThe Need for a Full-Chip and Package Thermal Model for Thermally Optimized IC Designs Wei Huang detailed die temperature with a full-chip thermal model at early design stages is important to discover

  7. PHYSICAL DESIGN TRADEOFFS IN POWER DISTRIBUTION NETWORKS FOR 3-D ICs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Micheli, Giovanni

    PHYSICAL DESIGN TRADEOFFS IN POWER DISTRIBUTION NETWORKS FOR 3-D ICs Ioannis Tsioutsios, Vasilis F the tradeoffs among the different interconnects resources in the design process of 3- D power distribution.tsioutsios, vasileios.pavlidis, giovanni.demicheli}@epfl.ch Abstract--A physical model for the design of the power

  8. Bayesian Learning via Stochastic Gradient Langevin Dynamics Max Welling welling@ics.uci.edu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaski, Samuel

    Bayesian Learning via Stochastic Gradient Langevin Dynamics Max Welling welling@ics.uci.edu D. Bren on iterative learning from small mini-batches. By adding the right amount of noise to a standard stochastic" and collects sam- ples after it has been surpassed. We apply the method to three models: a mixture of Gaussians

  9. Thermal Via Planning for 3-D ICs Computer Science Department, UCLA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cong, Jason "Jingsheng"

    cooling package techniques, such as cooling fans, might not prove effective for alleviating the ther- mal programming problem, and the horizontal via planning is based on two efficient techniques: path count- ing of the inter-layer di- electrics (ILD) [13]. There are two kinds of circuit cooling schemes for 3D ICs

  10. INTEGRATED MulTI-TRophIc AQuAculTuRE A sustainable, pioneering alternative

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    #12;MULTI ­TROPHIC A QUACULTU REINTEGRA TED IMTA INTEGRATED MulTI-TRophIc AQuAculTuRE A sustainable manner, to ensure that this activity will be fully sustainable in social, economic and environmental to continue to be a cornerstone in the way of living of local inhabitants. But however, if there is a concept

  11. Data Mining for Manufacturing Control: An application in optimizing IC test

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Data Mining for Manufacturing Control: An application in optimizing IC test Tony Fountain San Diego. We describe a decision-theoretic ap- proach to DLFT in which historical test data is mined to create for applying data mining techniques. These lines contain many sensors and computer-controlled devices, so

  12. School I&C, Claude Petitpierre 1 JPA: Java Persistence API

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Petitpierre, Claude

    -unit name="NameDeManager"> db.Wine properties> property name="hibernate.dialect" value by clicking on the error marks #12;School I&C, Claude Petitpierre Introduce an object into the database javax.persistence.EntityManager em = ejb3_utility.Manager.open(); javax.persistence.EntityTransaction tx = em.getTransaction(); tx

  13. A new "In-Use Energy consumption" indicator for the design of energy efficient electr(on)ics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    A new "In-Use Energy consumption" indicator for the design of energy efficient electr(on)ics Lucie(on)ic equipment is proposed for illustration purposes. Keywords: Energy efficiency; energy consumption; electric version received 23 February 2011) One of the challenging environmental issues faced by the electr

  14. ATLAS-SCT Bipolar Amplifier-Discriminator IC Specification Version 4.01 13-Jan-1999 Project Specification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Cruz, University of

    ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ATLAS-SCT Bipolar Amplifier-Discriminator IC Specification Version 4.01 13-Jan-1999 Project ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ATLAS-SCT Bipolar Amplifier-Discriminator IC Specification Version 4.01 13-Jan-1999 1. Scope: Establish Circuit to be used as part of the Binary Readout of the ATLAS Semi-Conductor Tracker (SCT). This design

  15. Synergico: a new "Design for Energy Efficiency" Method enhancing the Design of more environmentally friendly Electr(on)ic Equipments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    efficient products and infrastructures. For the electr(on)ic industry, in-use energy consumption to the Design for Energy Efficiency of electr(on)ic equipments focusing on the use phase. This paper presentsSynergico: a new "Design for Energy Efficiency" Method enhancing the Design of more environmentally

  16. Abstract--3D IC technologies have recently attracted great attention due to the potential performance improvement, power

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cong, Jason "Jingsheng"

    Abstract--3D IC technologies have recently attracted great attention due to the potential a 3D physical design flow based on OpenAccess (named 3D-Craft) to facilitate the rapid adoption of 3D IC technologies. The OpenAccess extension for 3D-Craft is discussed, and the key components including

  17. Exploiting Die-to-Die Thermal Coupling in 3D IC Placement Krit Athikulwongse, Mohit Pathak, and Sung Kyu Lim

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lim, Sung Kyu

    , California, USA. Copyright 2012 ACM 978-1-4503-1199-1/12/06 ...$10.00. Figure 1: Die-to-die heat coupling-aware placement (CA), that exploit the die-to-die thermal coupling in 3D ICs in force-directed temperature- awareExploiting Die-to-Die Thermal Coupling in 3D IC Placement Krit Athikulwongse, Mohit Pathak

  18. www.ce.udel.edu/speakers ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kirby, James T.

    strategies" Dr. Angelia Seyfferth Assistant Professor Department of Plant and soil science UNIversITy Of DelAWAre MAR 08 "Tradeoffs in Water Quality Management: risk, economics and equity" Dr. Michael Kavanaugh-831-2442 "sustainable stormwater research" Dr. Robert G. Traver Director vIllANOvA CeNTer fOr The ADvANCeMeNT Of sUsTAINAbIlITy

  19. Approved Module Information for CE1102, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Organic Chemistry for Engineers Module Code: CE1102

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neirotti, Juan Pablo

    Approved Module Information for CE1102, 2014/5 Module Title/Name: Organic Chemistry for Engineers Module Code: CE1102 School: Engineering and Applied Science Module Type: Standard Module New Module chemistry. Part 2: Introduction to Laboratory Skills To enable the student to develop good practical skills

  20. ATF ICS

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc Documentation RUCProductstwrmrAre the Effects of GlobalASCR User FacilitiesBaslerflux Inverse

  1. Strongly correlated electron behavior : superconductivity and non-Fermi liquid behavior in Ce?-xRxColn?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gonzales, Eileen

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    T ( ) c T ( c ab La Ce Pr Nd PmSm Eu Gd Tb Dy Ho Er Tm YbSm x Ce La Tb La Ce Pr Nd PmSm Eu Gd Tb Dy Ho Er Tm Yb (b)g -1) J(J+1) Ce (a) La Ce Pr Nd PmSm Eu Gd Tb Dy Ho Er Tm Yb

  2. Transient power supply voltage (v{sub DDT}) analysis for detecting IC defects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cole, E.I. Jr.; Soden, J.M.; Beegle, R.W. [and others

    1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Transient power supply voltage (V{sub DDT}) analysis is a new testing technique demonstrated as a powerful alternative and complement to I{sub DDQ} testing. V{sub DDT} takes advantage of the limited response time of a voltage supply to the changing power demands of an IC during operation. Changes in the V{sub DD} response time are used to detect increases in power demand with resolutions of 100 nA at 100 kHz, 1 {mu}A at 1 MHz, and 2.5 {mu}A at 1.5 MHz. These current sensitivities have been shown for ICs with quiescent currents < 0.1 {mu}A and > 300 {mu}A. The V{sub DDT} signal acquisition protocols, frequency versus sensitivity tradeoffs, hardware considerations and limitations, data examples, and areas for future research are described.

  3. X-RAY OUTBURST OF THE PECULIAR SEYFERT GALAXY IC 3599

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. Grupe; K. Beuermann; K. Mannheim; N. Bade; H. -C. Thomas; D. de Martino; A. Schwope

    1995-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

    We report optical, soft X-ray, and UV observations of the peculiar Seyfert galaxy IC 3599 using data obtained with ROSAT and IUE. Most remarkably, we discovered a rapid decrease of the X-ray flux by a factor of about 100 within one year and a more gradual decrease thereafter. The X-ray spectrum of IC 3599 was soft at flux maximum and became even softer as the flux decreased. Simultaneously with the late decrease of the X-ray flux, we observed a decrease in the strength of highly ionized optical iron lines. We discuss several explanations for this behaviour including an accretion disk instability and tidal disruption of a star orbiting a central massive black hole.

  4. An extremely prolific supernova factory in the buried nucleus of the starburst galaxy IC 694

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pérez-Torres, M A; Alberdi, A; Polatidis, A

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Context. The central kiloparsec of many local Luminous Infra-red Galaxies are known to host intense bursts of massive star formation, leading to numerous explosions of core-collapse supernovae (CCSNe). However, the dust-enshrouded regions where those supernovae explode prevent their detection at optical and near-infrared wavelengths. Aims. We investigate the nuclear region of the starbust galaxy IC 694 (=Arp 299-A) at radio wavelengths, aimed at discovering recently exploded CCSNe, to determine their rate of explosion, which carries crucial information on star formation rates, the initial mass function and starburst scenarios at work. Methods. We use the electronic European VLBI Network to image with milliarcsecond resolution the 5.0 GHz compact radio emission of the inner 150 pc of IC 694. Results. Our observations reveal the presence of a rich cluster of 26 compact radio emitting sources in the central 150 pc of its nuclear starburst region. The large brightness temperatures observed for the compact sources...

  5. Methane T-Dwarf Candidates in the Star Forming Region IC 348

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrew Burgess; Jerome Bouvier; Estelle Moraux

    2008-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    IC 348 is a young (t$\\sim$3Myr) and nearby (d$\\sim$340pc) star forming region in the Perseus molecular cloud. We performed a deep imaging survey using the MEGACAM (z-band) and WIRCAM (JHK and narrowband CH${_4}$ on/off) wide-field cameras on the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope. From the analysis of the narrowband CH${_4}$ on/off deep images, we report 4 T-dwarf candidates, of which 3 clearly lie within the limits of the IC 348 cluster. An upper limit on the extinction was estimated for each candidate from colour-magnitude diagrams, and found consistent with extinction maps of the cloud. Initial comparisons with T-dwarf spectral models suggest these candidates have a spectral type between T3 and T5, and perhaps later, potentially making these among the lowest mass isolated objects detected in a young star forming region so far.

  6. THE FAST AND FURIOUS DECAY OF THE PECULIAR TYPE Ic SUPERNOVA 2005ek

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Drout, M. R.; Soderberg, A. M.; Margutti, R.; Milisavljevic, D.; Sanders, N. E.; Chornock, R.; Foley, R. J.; Kirshner, R. P.; Chakraborti, S.; Challis, P.; Friedman, A.; Hicken, M.; Jensen, C. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Mazzali, P. A. [Astrophysics Research Institute, Liverpool John Moores University, CH41 1LD Liverpool (United Kingdom); Parrent, J. T. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Dartmouth College, 6127 Wilder Laboratory, Hanover, NH 03755 (United States); Filippenko, A. V.; Li, W.; Cenko, S. B.; Ganeshalingam, M. [Department of Astronomy, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-3411 (United States); Brown, P. J., E-mail: mdrout@cfa.harvard.edu [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas A and M University, College Station, TX 77843-4242 (United States); and others

    2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present extensive multi-wavelength observations of the extremely rapidly declining Type Ic supernova (SN Ic), SN 2005ek. Reaching a peak magnitude of M{sub R} = -17.3 and decaying by {approx}3 mag in the first 15 days post-maximum, SN 2005ek is among the fastest Type I supernovae observed to date. The spectra of SN 2005ek closely resemble those of normal SN Ic, but with an accelerated evolution. There is evidence for the onset of nebular features at only nine days post-maximum. Spectroscopic modeling reveals an ejecta mass of {approx}0.3 M{sub Sun} that is dominated by oxygen ({approx}80%), while the pseudo-bolometric light curve is consistent with an explosion powered by {approx}0.03 M{sub Sun} of radioactive {sup 56}Ni. Although previous rapidly evolving events (e.g., SN 1885A, SN 1939B, SN 2002bj, SN 2010X) were hypothesized to be produced by the detonation of a helium shell on a white dwarf, oxygen-dominated ejecta are difficult to reconcile with this proposed mechanism. We find that the properties of SN 2005ek are consistent with either the edge-lit double detonation of a low-mass white dwarf or the iron-core collapse of a massive star, stripped by binary interaction. However, if we assume that the strong spectroscopic similarity of SN 2005ek to other SNe Ic is an indication of a similar progenitor channel, then a white-dwarf progenitor becomes very improbable. SN 2005ek may be one of the lowest mass stripped-envelope core-collapse explosions ever observed. We find that the rate of such rapidly declining Type I events is at least 1%-3% of the normal SN Ia rate.

  7. Insights into the particle acceleration of a peculiar gamma -ray radio galaxy IC 310

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sitarek, J; Mannheim, K; Colin, P; Kadler, M; Schultz, R; Krauß, F; Ros, E; Bach, U; Wilms, J

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    IC 310 has recently been identified as a gamma-ray emitter based on observations at GeV energies with Fermi-LAT and at very high energies (VHE, E > 100 GeV) with the MAGIC telescopes. Despite IC 310 having been classified as a radio galaxy with the jet observed at an angle > 10 degrees, it exhibits a mixture of multiwavelength properties of a radio galaxy and a blazar, possibly making it a transitional object. On the night of 12/13th of November 2012 the MAGIC telescopes observed a series of violent outbursts from the direction of IC 310 with flux-doubling time scales faster than 5 min and a peculiar spectrum spreading over 2 orders of magnitude. Such fast variability constrains the size of the emission region to be smaller than 20% of the gravitational radius of its central black hole, challenging the shock acceleration models, commonly used in explanation of gamma-ray radiation from active galaxies. Here we will show that this emission can be associated with pulsar-like particle acceleration by the electric...

  8. Search for cold and hot gas in the ram pressure stripped Virgo dwarf galaxy IC3418

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jachym, P; Ruzicka, A; Sun, M; Combes, F; Palous, J

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present IRAM 30m sensitive upper limits on CO emission in the ram pressure stripped dwarf Virgo galaxy IC3418 and in a few positions covering HII regions in its prominent 17 kpc UV/Ha gas-stripped tail. In the central few arcseconds of the galaxy, we report a possible marginal detection of about 1x10^6 M_sun of molecular gas (assuming a Galactic CO-to-H_2 conversion factor) that could correspond to a surviving nuclear gas reservoir. We estimate that there is less molecular gas in the main body of IC3418, by at least a factor of 20, than would be expected from the pre-quenching UV-based star formation rate assuming the typical gas depletion timescale of 2 Gyr. Given the lack of star formation in the main body, we think the H_2-deficiency is real, although some of it may also arise from a higher CO-to-H_2 factor typical in low-metallicity, low-mass galaxies. The presence of HII regions in the tail of IC3418 suggests that there must be some dense gas; however, only upper limits of < 1x10^6 M_sun were found...

  9. Whirlpool: Order (2014-CE-21010) | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGYWomen Owned SmallOf TheViolations | Department of Energyis EIA? Andof4-CE-21010)

  10. LG: Proposed Penalty (2015-CE-14022) | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeatMulti-Dimensionalthe10 DOEWashington, DCKickoffLDV5-CE-14022) LG: Proposed Penalty

  11. Sunpentown: Order (2012-CE-1505) | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy Usage »of Energy Strain Rate4 RecoveryJulyEvaluationOffi ce U.S. DepartmentOrder

  12. Ethanol Steam Reforming on Co/CeO2: The Effect of ZnO Promoter

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Davidson, Stephen; Sun, Junming; Wang, Yong

    2013-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

    A series of ZnO promoted Co/CeO2 catalysts were synthesized and characterized using XRD, TEM, H2-TPR, CO chemisorption, O2-TPO, IR-Py, and CO2-TPD. The effects of ZnO on the catalytic performances of Co/CeO2 were studied in ethanol steam reforming. It was found that the addition of ZnO facilitated the oxidation of Co0 via enhanced oxygen mobility of the CeO2 support which decreased the activity of Co/CeO2 in C–C bond cleavage of ethanol. 3 wt% ZnO promoted Co/CeO2 exhibited minimum CO and CH4 selectivity and maximum CO2 selectivity. This resulted from the combined effects of the following factors with increasing ZnO loading: (1) enhanced oxygen mobility of CeO2 facilitated the oxidation of CHx and CO to form CO2; (2) increased ZnO coverage on CeO2 surface reduced the interaction between CHx/CO and Co/CeO2; and (3) suppressed CO adsorption on Co0 reduced CO oxidation rate to form CO2. In addition, the addition of ZnO also modified the surface acidity and basicity of CeO2, which consequently affected the C2–C4 product distributions.

  13. CeBr3 as a High-Resolution Gamma-Ray Detector

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michael Reed, Paul Guss, Christopher Contreras

    2008-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Lanthanum halide (LaBr3:Ce) scintillators have been well-documented as high-resolution gamma-ray detectors that are operated at room temperature. These scintillators have better resolution (<3% at 662 keV) relative to sodium iodide (NaI(Tl)) scintillators (7% at 662 keV), but the naturally occurring radioactive isotope 138La causes self-activity in the crystal that occludes portions of the gamma-ray spectrum. This selfactivity limits the use of LaBr3:Ce in high-sensitivity applications. Cerium, the dopant in the LaBr3:Ce matrix possesses useful scintillation properties, and its selfactivity is on the order of 3750 times less than La; however, Ce has not been fully characterized as the chief component in a scintillation detector. This work investigated Ce as the key scintillation matrix component in a scintillation detector with the hypothesis that CeBr3 promises energy resolution comparable or superior to LaBr3:Ce. The researchers involved with this work believe that CeBr3 may be the answer to obtaining high-temperature, high-resolution spectra with greater sensitivity than LaBr3:Ce.

  14. Capillary electrophoresis-fluorescence line narrowing system (CE-FLNS) for on-line structural characterization

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Jankowiak, R.J.; Small, G.J.; Shields, P.A.

    1999-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Capillary electrophoresis (CE) is interfaced with low temperature fluorescence line-narrowing (FLN) spectroscopy for on-line structural characterization of separated molecular analytes. 21 figs.

  15. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INSTRUMENTATION AND MEASUREMENT, VOL. 52, NO. 3, JUNE 2003 839 Comparison of IC Conducted Emission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of IC Conducted Emission Measurement Methods Franco Fiori, Member, IEEE, and Francesco Musolino, Member, IEEE Abstract--This paper deals with the electromagnetic emissions of integrated circuits. In particular, four measurement techniques to evaluate integrated circuit conducted emissions are described

  16. The Complex Core Level Spectra of CeO2: An Analysis in Terms of Atomic and Charge Transfer Effects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bagus, Paul S.; Nelin, Constance J.; Ilton, Eugene S.; Baron, Martin; Abbott, Heather; Primorac, Elena; Kuhlenbeck, Helmut; Shaikhutdinov, Shamil; Freund, Hans-Joachim

    2010-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a rigorous parameter-free theoretical treatment of the Ce 4s and 5s photoelectron spectra of CeO2. In the currently accepted model the satellite structure in the photoelectron spectra is explained in terms of a mixed valence (Ce 4f0 O 2p6, Ce 4f1 O 2p5, and Ce 4f2 O 2p4) con?guration. We show that charge transfer (CT) into Ce 5d as well as con?gurations involving intra-atomic movement of charge must be considered in addition and compute their contributions to the spectra.

  17. Design of clock data recovery IC for high speed data communication systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Jinghua

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    length of 231-1.The implementation is the first fully integrated 10Gb/s CDR IC which meets/exceeds the SONET standard in the literature. The second proposed CDR architecture includes an adaptive bang-bang control algorithm. For 6MHz sinusoidal jitter... modulation, the new architecture reduces the tracking error to 11.4ps peak-to-peak, versus that of 19.7ps of the conventional bang- bang CDR. The main contribution of the proposed architecture is that it optimizes the loop dynamics by adjusting the bang-bang...

  18. Interaction of carbon monoxide with oxygen in the adsorbed layer on Pd, Ce, Pd-Ce catalysts supported on /gamma/-Al/sub 2/O/sub 3/

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Savel'eva, G.A.; Sass, A.S.; Speranskaya, G.V.; Tenchev, K.K.; Petrov, L.A.; Vozdvizhenskii, V.F.; Galeev, T.K.; Popova, N.M.

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The adsorption of CO and the interaction of CO/sub ads/ with O/sub 2/ on Pd, Ce, and Pd-Ce//gamma/-Al/sub 2/O/sub 3/ (0.5 wt. % Pd, 2.0 wt. % Ce) has been studied using the methods of IR spectroscopy and differential scanning calorimetry. The identity of the adsorbed CO complexes, the temperature ranges over which they desorb, and their reactivity with O/sub 2/ have been established. The interaction of bridging and carbonate - carboxylate CO complexes and carbon (disproportionation and dissociation products) with O/sub 2/ on Pd and Pd-Ce catalysts is preceded by the coadsorption of oxygen and the evolution of heat. During the oxidation of CO, autooscillation, heat evolution, and the concentration of oxygen in the flow are observed.

  19. Risk-Informed Monitoring, Verification and Accounting (RI-MVA). An NRAP White Paper Documenting Methods and a Demonstration Model for Risk-Informed MVA System Design and Operations in Geologic Carbon Sequestration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Unwin, Stephen D.; Sadovsky, Artyom; Sullivan, E. C.; Anderson, Richard M.

    2011-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    This white paper accompanies a demonstration model that implements methods for the risk-informed design of monitoring, verification and accounting (RI-MVA) systems in geologic carbon sequestration projects. The intent is that this model will ultimately be integrated with, or interfaced with, the National Risk Assessment Partnership (NRAP) integrated assessment model (IAM). The RI-MVA methods described here apply optimization techniques in the analytical environment of NRAP risk profiles to allow systematic identification and comparison of the risk and cost attributes of MVA design options.

  20. CO Oxidation at the Interface of Au Nanoclusters and the Stepped-CeO2(111) Surface

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kim H. Y.; Henkelman, G.

    2013-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

    To reveal the richer chemistry of CO oxidation by CeO2 supported Au Nanoclusters NCs)/Nanoparticles, we design a Au12 supported on a stepped-CeO2 model (Au/CeO2-step) and study various kinds of CO oxidation mechanisms at the interface of the Au/CeO2-step: oxygen spillover from the CeO2 to the Au NCs;2 CO oxidation by the O2 bound to the Au-Ce3+ interface;3 and CO oxidation by the Mars-van Krevelen (M-vK) mechanism.4 DFT+U calculations show that lattice oxygen at the CeO2 step edge oxidizes CO bound to Au NCs by the M-vK mechanism. CO2 desorption determines the rate of CO oxidation and the vacancy formation energy (Evac) is a reactivity descriptor for CO oxidation. The maximum Evac that insures spontaneous CO2 production is higher for the Au/CeO2-step than the Au/CeO2-surface suggesting that the CeO2-step is a better supporting material than the CeO2-surface for CO oxidation by the Au/CeO2. Our results also suggest that for CO oxidation by Au NCs supported on nano- or meso-structured CeO2, which is the case of industrial catalysts, the M-vK mechanism accounts for a large portion of the total activity.

  1. Atomistic Study of Doped BaCeO3: Dopant Site-Selectivity and Cation Nonstoichiometry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haile, Sossina M.

    of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125, and Materials Chemistry Group, Chemistry DiVision, Uni, the trivalent dopants are assumed to occupy the Ce4+ -site, which introduces oxygen vacancies partitioning over both Ba and Ce sites. Such partitioning reduces the concentration of oxygen vacancies, which

  2. DISK EVOLUTION IN OB ASSOCIATIONS: DEEP SPITZER/IRAC OBSERVATIONS OF IC 1795

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roccatagliata, Veronica; Bouwman, Jeroen; Henning, Thomas; Gennaro, Mario; Sicilia-Aguilar, Aurora [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Astronomie, Koenigstuhl 17, D-69117 Heidelberg (Germany); Feigelson, Eric [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 (United States); Kim, Jinyoung Serena [Steward Observatory, University of Arizona, 933 N. Cherry Ave. Tucson, AZ 85721-0065 (United States); Lawson, Warrick A. [School of Physical, Environmental, and Mathematical Sciences, University of New South Wales, Australian Defence Force Academy, Canberra, ACT 2600 (Australia)

    2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a deep Spitzer/Infrared Array Camera (IRAC) survey of the OB association IC 1795 carried out to investigate the evolution of protoplanetary disks in regions of massive star formation. Combining Spitzer/IRAC data with Chandra/Advanced CCD Imaging Spectrometer observations, we find 289 cluster members. An additional 340 sources with an infrared excess, but without X-ray counterpart, are classified as cluster member candidates. Both surveys are complete down to stellar masses of about 1 M{sub sun}. We present pre-main-sequence isochrones computed for the first time in the Spitzer/IRAC colors. The age of the cluster, determined via the location of the Class III sources in the [3.6]-[4.5]/[3.6] color-magnitude diagram, is in the range of 3-5 Myr. As theoretically expected, we do not find any systematic variation in the spatial distribution of disks within 0.6 pc of either O-type star in the association. However, the disk fraction in IC 1795 does depend on the stellar mass: sources with masses >2 M{sub sun} have a disk fraction of {approx}20%, while lower mass objects (2-0.8 M{sub sun}) have a disk fraction of {approx}50%. This implies that disks around massive stars have a shorter dissipation timescale.

  3. Direct Analysis of Spectra of the Type Ic Supernova 1994I

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Millard; D. Branch; E. Baron; K. Hatano; A. Fisher; A. Filippenko; R. Kirshner; P. Challis; C. Fransson; N. Panagia; M. Phillips; G. Sonneborn; N. Suntzeff; R. Wagoner; J. Wheeler

    1999-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Synthetic spectra generated with the parameterized supernova synthetic-spectrum code SYNOW are compared to observed photospheric-phase spectra of the Type Ic supernova 1994I. The observed optical spectra can be well matched by synthetic spectra that are based on the assumption of spherical symmetry. We consider the identification of the infrared absorption feature observed near 10,250 \\AA, which previously has been attributed to He I $\\lambda10830$ and regarded as strong evidence that SN 1994I ejected some helium. We have difficulty accounting for the infrared absorption with He I alone. It could be a blend of He I and C I lines. Alternatively, we find that it can be fit by Si I lines without compromising the fit in the optical region. In synthetic spectra that match the observed spectra, from 4 days before to 26 days after the time of maximum brightness, the adopted velocity at the photosphere decreases from 17,500 to 7000 \\kms. Simple estimates of the kinetic energy carried by the ejected mass give values that are near the canonical supernova energy of $10^{51}$ ergs. The velocities and kinetic energies that we find for SN 1994I in this way are much lower than those that we find elsewhere for the peculiar Type Ic SNe 1997ef and 1998bw, which therefore appear to have been hyper-energetic.

  4. THE CARNEGIE HUBBLE PROGRAM: THE INFRARED LEAVITT LAW IN IC 1613

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scowcroft, Victoria; Freedman, Wendy L.; Madore, Barry F.; Monson, Andrew J.; Persson, S. E.; Seibert, Mark [Observatories of the Carnegie Institution for Science, 813 Santa Barbara Street, Pasadena, CA 91101 (United States); Rigby, Jane R. [Observational Cosmology Laboratory, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); Melbourne, Jason, E-mail: vs@obs.carnegiescience.edu, E-mail: wendy@obs.carnegiescience.edu, E-mail: barry@obs.carnegiescience.edu, E-mail: amonson@obs.carnegiescience.edu, E-mail: persson@obs.carnegiescience.edu, E-mail: mseibert@obs.carnegiescience.edu, E-mail: jane.r.rigby@nasa.gov, E-mail: jmel@caltech.edu [Caltech Optical Observatories, Division of Physics, Mathematics and Astronomy, Mail Stop 301-17, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States)

    2013-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We have observed the dwarf galaxy IC 1613, at multiple epochs in the mid-infrared using Spitzer and contemporaneously in the near-infrared using the new FourStar near-infrared camera on Magellan. We have constructed Cepheid period-luminosity relations in the J, H, K{sub s} , [3.6] and [4.5] bands and have used the run of their apparent distance moduli as a function of wavelength to derive the line-of-sight reddening and distance to IC 1613. Using a nine-band fit, we find E(B - V) = 0.05 {+-} 0.01 mag and an extinction-corrected distance modulus of {mu}{sub 0} = 24.29 {+-} 0.03{sub statistical} {+-} 0.03{sub systematic} mag. By comparing our multi-band and [3.6] distance moduli to results from the tip of the red giant branch and red clump distance indicators, we find that metallicity has no measurable effect on Cepheid distances at 3.6 {mu}m in the metallicity range -1.0 {<=} [Fe/H] {<=} 0.2, hence derivations of the Hubble constant at this wavelength require no correction for metallicity.

  5. Ternary ceramic alloys of Zr-Ce-Hf oxides

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Becher, P.F.; Funkenbusch, E.F.

    1990-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

    A ternary ceramic alloy is described which produces toughening of zirconia and zirconia composites through the stress transformation from tetragonal phase to monoclinic phase. This alloy, having the general formula Ce[sub x]Hf[sub y]Zr[sub 1[minus]x[minus]y]O[sub 2], is produced through the addition of appropriate amounts of ceria and hafnia to the zirconia. Typically, improved toughness is achieved with about 5 to about 15 mol % ceria and up to about 40 mol % hafnia. The preparation of alloys of these compositions are given together with data as to the densities, tetragonal phase content, hardness and fracture toughness. The alloys are useful in preparing zirconia bodies as well as reinforcing ceramic composites. 1 fig.

  6. Ternary ceramic alloys of ZR-CE-HF oxides

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Becher, Paul F. (Oak Ridge, TN); Funkenbusch, Eric F. (White Bear Lake, MN)

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A ternary ceramic alloy which produces toughening of zirconia and zirconia composites through the stress transformation from tetragonal phase to monoclinic phase. This alloy, having the general formula Ce.sub.x Hf.sub.y Zn.sub.1-x-y O.sub.2, is produced through the addition of appropriate amounts of ceria and hafnia to the zirconia. Typically, improved toughness is achieved with about 5 to about 15 mol % ceria and up to about 40 mol % hafnia. The preparation of alloys of these compositions are given together with data as to the densities, tetragonal phase content, hardness and fracture toughness. The alloys are useful in preparing zirconia bodies as well as reinforcing ceramic composites.

  7. 1synQPSK Univ. Paderborn, Germany; CeLight Israel; Photline, France; IPAG, Germany Univ. Paderborn, Germany

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noé, Reinhold

    1synQPSK Univ. Paderborn, Germany; CeLight Israel; Photline, France; IPAG, Germany synQPSK Univ. Paderborn, Germany CeLight Israel Photline, France IPAG, Germany Contract 004631 in FP6 IST-2002 Phase Shift Keying Transmission #12;2synQPSK Univ. Paderborn, Germany; CeLight Israel; Photline, France

  8. Synthesis and magnetic properties of the double layer perovskite CeBaFe2O5+w

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Lima, Oscar Ferreira

    Synthesis and magnetic properties of the double layer perovskite CeBaFe2O5+w R. L. de Almeida,1 O The synthesis, crystallographic structure, and magnetic properties of polycrystalline single-phase samples of CeBaFe results on the successful prepara- tion and characterization of polycrystalline CeBaFe2O5+w samples. Ideal

  9. Reassessment of Al-Ce and Al-Nd Binary Systems Supported by Critical Experiments and First-Principles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Widom, Michael

    Reassessment of Al-Ce and Al-Nd Binary Systems Supported by Critical Experiments and First The present study reinvestigates the Al-Ce and Al-Nd phase diagrams and reoptimizes their thermody- namics results and theoretical calculations show that Al2Nd (or Al2Ce) should be treated as a stoichiometric

  10. Bryant University | 1150 Douglas Pike | Smithfield, RI 02917 | (877) 353-5667 | www.bryant.edu b r y a n t u n i v e r s i t y

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blais, Brian

    Bryant University | 1150 Douglas Pike | Smithfield, RI 02917 | (877) 353-5667 | www.bryant.edu b r, if available. Please complete all that apply. I/we have provided for a bequest to Bryant University in the amount of $ ­ Or ­ My/Our current estate plan states that Bryant University will receive percent of my

  11. Mv. Space Res. Vol. 13, Mo. 9, ~. (9)331--(9)339, 1993 0273--1177/93$24.00 Punted in (Ireat Britain. All ri&its reserved. 1993COSPAR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reames, Donald V.

    . All ri&its reserved. 1993COSPAR NON-THERMAL PARTICLES IN THE INTERPLANETARY MEDIUM Donald V. Reames ubiquitous presence of highly non- thermal particles in collisionless plasmas throughout the heliosphere and bow shocks, in traveling interplanetary shocks, in the interaction region between fast and slow solar

  12. Studies on Cu/CeO{sub 2}: A new NO reduction catalyst

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bera, P.; Aruna, S.T.; Patil, K.C.; Hegde, M.S. [Indian Inst. of Science, Bangalore (India)] [Indian Inst. of Science, Bangalore (India)

    1999-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Fine particle and large surface area Cu/CeO{sub 2} catalysts of crystallite sizes in the range of 100--200 {angstrom} synthesized by the solution combustion method have been investigated for NO reduction. Five percent Cu/CeO{sub 2} catalyst shows nearly 100% conversion of NO by NH{sub 3} below 300 C, whereas pure ceria and Zr, Y, and Ca doped ceria show 85--95% NO conversion above 600 C. Similarly NO reduction by CO has been observed over 5% Cu/CeO{sub 2} with nearly 100% conversion below 300 C. Hydrocarbon (n-butane) oxidation by NO to CO{sub 2}, N{sub 2}, and H{sub 2}O has also been demonstrated over this catalyst below 350 C making Cu/CeO{sub 2} a new NO reduction catalyst in the low temperature window of 150--350 C. Kinetics of NO reduction over 5% Cu/CeO{sub 2} have also been investigated. The rate constants are in the range of 1.4 {times} 10{sup 4} to 2.3 {times} 10{sup 4} cm{sup 3}/g s between 170 and 300 C. Cu/CeO{sub 2} catalysts are characterized by X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy where Cu{sup 2+} ions are shown to be dispersed on the CeO{sub 2} surface.

  13. Studies on Ca2+-Doped CeBr3 Scintillating Materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guss, P. [NSTec; Foster, M. E. [SNL; Wong, B. M. [SNL; Doty, F. P. [SNL; Shah, K. [RMD; Squillante, M. [RMD; Glodo, J. [RMD; Yuan, D. [NSTec

    2013-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Despite the outstanding scintillation performance characteristics of cerium tribromide (CeBr3) and cerium-activated lanthanum tribromide (LaBr3:Ce), their commercial availability and application is limited due to the difficulties of growing large, crack-free single crystals from these fragile materials. The objective of this investigation was to employ aliovalent doping to increase crystal strength while maintaining the optical properties of the crystal. One divalent dopant (Ca2+) was investigated as a dopant to strengthen CeBr3 without negatively impacting scintillation performance. Ingots containing nominal concentrations of 1.9% of the Ca2+ dopant were grown. Preliminary scintillation measurements are presented for this aliovalently doped scintillator. Ca2+-doped CeBr3 exhibited little or no change in the peak fluorescence emission for 371 nm optical excitation for CeBr3. The structural, electronic, and optical properties of CeBr3 crystals were investigated using the density functional theory within generalized gradient approximation. The calculated lattice parameters are in good agreement with the experimental data. The energy band structures and density of states were obtained. The optical properties of CeBr3, including the dielectric function, were calculated.

  14. Studies on Ca2+-Doped CeBr3 Scintillating Materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guss, P. [NSTec; Foster, M. E. [SNL; Wong, B. M. [SNL; Doty, F. P. [SNL; Shah, K. [RMD; Squillante, M. R. [RMD; Shirwadkar, U. [RMD; Hawrami, R. [RMD; Tower, J. [RMD; Yuan, D. [NSTec

    2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Despite the outstanding scintillation performance characteristics of cerium tribromide (CeBr3) and cerium-activated lanthanum tribromide (LaBr3:Ce), their commercial availability and application is limited due to the difficulties of growing large, crack-free single crystals from these fragile materials. The objective of this investigation was to employ aliovalent doping to increase crystal strength while maintaining the optical properties of the crystal. One divalent dopant (Ca2+) was investigated as a dopant to strengthen CeBr3 without negatively impacting scintillation performance. Ingots containing nominal concentrations of 1.9% of the Ca2+ dopant were grown. Preliminary scintillation measurements are presented for this aliovalently doped scintillator. Ca2+-doped CeBr3 exhibited little or no change in the peak fluorescence emission for 371 nm optical excitation for CeBr3. The structural, electronic, and optical properties of CeBr3 crystals were investigated using the density functional theory within generalized gradient approximation. The calculated lattice parameters are in good agreement with the experimental data. The energy band structures and density of states were obtained. The optical properties of CeBr3, including the dielectric function, were calculated.

  15. An IC/CMB interpretation for the large-scale jet X-ray emission of 3C 273

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Wen-Po

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present that the model of inverse Compton scattering of cosmic microwave background photons (IC/CMB) could well explain the large-scale jet X-ray radiation of 3C 273, and does not violate new Fermi observations. For the individual knots, the synchrotron spectrum of the low-energy electrons responsible for the IC/CMB X-ray emission may be different from the extrapolation of the 10GHz radio spectrum of knots. Based on the IC/CMB model for the 3C 273 large-scale jet, the Fermi observations may mainly come from the small-scale jet of 3C 273 (i.e., the core). Future observations could examine our interpretation on the spectral energy distributions (SED) of knots and large-scale jet in 3C 273.

  16. Advanced Reactor Licensing: Experience with Digital I&C Technology in Evolutionary Plants

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wood, RT

    2004-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents the findings from a study of experience with digital instrumentation and controls (I&C) technology in evolutionary nuclear power plants. In particular, this study evaluated regulatory approaches employed by the international nuclear power community for licensing advanced l&C systems and identified lessons learned. The report (1) gives an overview of the modern l&C technologies employed at numerous evolutionary nuclear power plants, (2) identifies performance experience derived from those applications, (3) discusses regulatory processes employed and issues that have arisen, (4) captures lessons learned from performance and regulatory experience, (5) suggests anticipated issues that may arise from international near-term deployment of reactor concepts, and (6) offers conclusions and recommendations for potential activities to support advanced reactor licensing in the United States.

  17. DISCOVERY OF TWO SUPERNOVAE IN THE NUCLEAR REGIONS OF THE LUMINOUS INFRARED GALAXY IC 883

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kankare, E.; Mattila, S.; Takalo, A. [Tuorla Observatory, Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Turku, Vaeisaelaentie 20, FI-21500 Piikkioe (Finland); Ryder, S. [Australian Astronomical Observatory, P.O. Box 296, Epping, NSW 1710 (Australia); Vaeisaenen, P. [South African Astronomical Observatory, P.O. Box 9, Observatory 7935 (South Africa); Alberdi, A.; Perez-Torres, M.-A.; Romero-Canizales, C. [Instituto de Astrofsica de Andalucia, IAA-CSIC, Apartado 3004, 18080 Granada (Spain); Alonso-Herrero, A.; Colina, L. [Departamento de Astrofisica, Centro de Astrobiologia, CSIC/INTA, Carretera de Torrejon a Ajalvir, km 4, 28850, Torrejon de Ardoz, Madrid (Spain); Efstathiou, A. [School of Sciences, European University Cyprus, Diogenes Street, Engomi, 1516 Nicosia (Cyprus); Kotilainen, J. [Finnish Centre for Astronomy with ESO (FINCA), University of Turku, Vaeisaelaentie 20, FI-21500 Piikkioe (Finland); Melinder, J., E-mail: erkki.kankare@utu.fi [Department of Astronomy, Oskar Klein Centre, Stockholm University, AlbaNova University Centre, 106 91 Stockholm (Sweden)

    2012-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We report the discovery of two consecutive supernovae (SNe), 2010cu and 2011hi, located at 0.''37 (180 pc) and 0.''79 (380 pc) projected distance, respectively, from the center of the K-band nucleus of the luminous infrared galaxy (LIRG) IC 883. The SNe were discovered in an ongoing near-infrared K-band search for core-collapse SNe in such galaxies using the ALTAIR/NIRI adaptive optics system with laser guide star at the Gemini-North Telescope. These are thus the closest SNe yet discovered to an LIRG nucleus in optical or near-infrared wavelengths. The near-infrared light curves and colors of both SNe are consistent with core-collapse events. Both SNe seem to suffer from relatively low host galaxy extinction suggesting that regardless of their low projected galactocentric distances, they are not deeply buried in the nuclear regions of the host galaxy.

  18. NGC 2207/IC 2163: A GRAZING ENCOUNTER WITH LARGE-SCALE SHOCKS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kaufman, Michele [Department of Physics, Ohio State University, 191 West Woodruff Ave, Columbus, OH 43210 (United States); Grupe, Dirk [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Pennsylvania State University, 525 Davey Lab, University Park, PA 16802 (United States); Elmegreen, Bruce G. [IBM Research Division, T. J. Watson Research Center, P.O. Box 218, Yorktown Heights, NY 10598 (United States); Elmegreen, Debra M. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Vassar College, 124 Raymond Ave., Poughkeepsie, NY 12604 (United States); Struck, Curtis [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011 (United States); Brinks, Elias, E-mail: rallis.1@osu.edu, E-mail: dxg35@psu.edu, E-mail: bge@us.ibm.com, E-mail: elmegreen@vassar.edu, E-mail: curt@iastate.edu, E-mail: E.Brinks@herts.ac.uk [Centre for Astrophysics Research, University of Hertfordshire, College Lane, Hatfield AL10 9AB (United Kingdom)

    2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Radio continuum, Spitzer infrared, optical, and XMM-Newton X-ray and ultraviolet observations (UVW1 and UVM2) are used to study large-scale shock fronts, young star complexes, and the galactic nuclei in the interacting galaxies NGC 2207/IC 2163. There are two types of large-scale shock fronts in this galaxy pair. The large-scale shock front along the rim of the ocular oval in IC 2163 has produced vigorous star formation in a dusty environment, bright in the Spitzer 8 {mu}m and 24 {mu}m images. In the outer part of the companion side of NGC 2207, a large-scale front attributed to halo scraping is particularly bright in the {lambda}6 cm and {lambda}20 cm radio continuum but not in any tracers of recent star formation (H{alpha}, 8 {mu}m, 24 {mu}m, or ultraviolet emission) or in X-rays. This radio-continuum front may be from compression of the halo magnetic field on the back side of NGC 2207, between the two galaxies. The X-ray emission sets an upper limit to the gas density in the halo. Values of the flux density ratio S{sub {nu}}(8 {mu}m)/S{sub {nu}}(6 cm) of prominent, kiloparsec-size, Spitzer/IRAC star-forming clumps in NGC 2207/IC 2163 are compared with those of giant radio H II regions in M81. For the bright clumps in NGC 2207, the mean value of this ratio is the same as for the M81 H II regions, whereas for the bright clumps on the rim of the IC 2163 ocular oval, the mean value is nearly a factor of two greater. Possible explanations for this are discussed. The galaxy pair has global values of the ratios of infrared-to-radio continuum flux density in the Spitzer 8 {mu}m, 24 {mu}m, and 70 {mu}m bands, and the IRAS FIR significantly below the medians/means for large samples of galaxies. Feature i, a mini-starburst on an outer arm of NGC 2207 on its anti-companion side, is the most luminous 8 {mu}m, 24 {mu}m, 70 {mu}m, radio continuum, and H{alpha} source in the galaxy pair. We find evidence that a radio supernova was present in the core of feature i in 2001. X-ray emission is detected from the nucleus of NGC 2207 and from nine discrete sources whose X-ray luminosities make them possible candidates for Ultraluminous X-ray sources. One of these corresponds with the Type Ib SN 1999ec, which is also bright in the ultraviolet, and another may be a radio supernova or a background quasar. The X-ray luminosity of the NGC 2207 nucleus is log L{sub 0.3-10.0keV} = 40.6 erg s{sup -1}, which, together with its X-ray spectrum, suggests that this is a highly absorbed, low-luminosity, active galactic nucleus.

  19. WIDE-FIELD SURVEY OF EMISSION-LINE STARS IN IC 1396

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nakano, M. [Faculty of Education and Welfare Science, Oita University, Oita 870-1192 (Japan); Sugitani, K. [Graduate School of Natural Sciences, Nagoya City University, Mizuho-ku, Nagoya 467-8501 (Japan); Watanabe, M. [Department of Cosmosciences, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-0810 (Japan); Fukuda, N. [Department of Computer Simulation, Okayama University of Science, 1-1 Ridai-cho, Okayama 700-0005 (Japan); Ishihara, D. [Department of Physics, Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya 464-8602 (Japan); Ueno, M., E-mail: mnakano@oita-u.ac.jp [Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, 3-1-1 Yoshino-dai, Chuo-ku, Sagamihara 252-5210 (Japan)

    2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We have made an extensive survey of emission-line stars in the IC 1396 H II region to investigate the low-mass population of pre-main-sequence (PMS) stars. A total of 639 H{alpha} emission-line stars were detected in an area of 4.2 deg{sup 2} and their i' photometry was measured. Their spatial distribution exhibits several aggregates near the elephant trunk globule (Rim A) and bright-rimmed clouds at the edge of the H II region (Rim B and SFO 37, 38, 39, 41), and near HD 206267, which is the main exciting star of the H II region. Based on the extinction estimated from the near-infrared color-color diagram, we have selected PMS star candidates associated with IC 1396. The age and mass were derived from the extinction-corrected color-magnitude diagram and theoretical PMS tracks. Most of our PMS candidates have ages of <3 Myr and masses of 0.2-0.6 M{sub Sun }. Although it appears that only a few stars were formed in the last 1 Myr in the east region of the exciting star, the age difference among subregions in our surveyed area is not clear from the statistical test. Our results may suggest that massive stars were born after the continuous formation of low-mass stars for 10 Myr. The birth of the exciting star could be the late stage of slow but contiguous star formation in the natal molecular cloud. It may have triggered the formation of many low-mass stars at the dense inhomogeneity in and around the H II region by a radiation-driven implosion.

  20. Validation of the International Code Compliant Calculator (IC3) v3.10 Using the RESNET Verification Procedures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, H.; Baltazar, J. C.; Haberl, J. S.

    ESL-TR-10-12-05 VALIDATION OF THE INTERNATIONAL CODE COMPLIANT CALCULATOR (IC3) v3.10 USING THE RESNET VERIFICATION PROCEDURES (NO. 07-003) Hyojin Kim Juan-Carlos Baltazar, Ph.D. Jeff S. Haberl, Ph.D., P... from the testing and validation of the Energy Systems Laboratory?s web-based software tool - International Code Compliance Calculator (IC3), v3.10, using the Residential Energy Services Network (RESNET) verification procedures - RESNET Publication No...

  1. CE 363 -TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING AND PAVEMENT DESIGN Fall 2009 Course Syllabus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickman, Mark

    1 CE 363 - TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING AND PAVEMENT DESIGN Fall 2009 Course Syllabus Catalog (4) CDT Course Syllabus D2L: The primary source for homework, solutions, design project activities, and other

  2. Pressure tuning of competing magnetic interactions in intermetallic CeFe2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Jiyang; Feng, Yejun; Jaramillo, R.; van Wezel, Jasper; Canfield, Paul C.; Rosenbaum, T.F.

    2012-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We use high-pressure magnetic x-ray diffraction and numerical simulation to determine the low-temperature magnetic phase diagram of stoichiometric CeFe2. Near 1.5 GPa we find a transition from ferromagnetism to antiferromagnetism, accompanied by a rhombohedral distortion of the cubic Laves crystal lattice. By comparing pressure and chemical substitution we find that the phase transition is controlled by a shift of magnetic frustration from the Ce-Ce to the Fe-Fe sublattice. Notably the dominant Ce-Fe magnetic interaction, which sets the temperature scale for the onset of long-range order, remains satisfied throughout the phase diagram but does not determine the magnetic ground state. Our results illustrate the complexity of a system with multiple competing magnetic energy scales and lead to a general model for magnetism in cubic Laves phase intermetallic compounds.

  3. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY EERE PROJECT MAN AGEM DIT CE:'

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    OF ENERGY EERE PROJECT MAN AGEM DIT CE:'

  4. Ion-Beam-Induced Chemical Mixing at a Nanocrystalline CeO2&ndash...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    microscopy imaging and analysis suggest that this band of contrast is a cerium silicate phase with an approximate Ce:Si:O composition ratio of 1:1:3 in an amorphous nature....

  5. Data:B084b37a-3e1c-482d-8041-d7ce3e7aa0ce | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onb5-dcc1fcffd1f2 No revision has38865d08 No revision has been approved for this page.af74fa257cc No54a9102ce3e7aa0ce No

  6. Data:Ce82df4d-c557-42d2-a1f3-ce3b159222ae | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onb5-dcc1fcffd1f2bb71-d4159a938742e80b26cc4 Nodbb-44ce-80f8-79eb97a58f0a No revisionde0244033 No revisiona1f3-ce3b159222ae

  7. Electronic structure and f-orbital occupancy in Yb-substituted CeCoIn5

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Booth, C. H.; Durakiewicz, T.; Capan, C.; Hurt, D.; Bianchi, A. D.; Joyce, J.J.; Fisk, Z.

    2011-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

    The local structure and 4f orbital occupancy have been investigated in Ce{sub 1?x}Yb{sub x}CoIn{sub 5} via Yb L{sub III}-edge extended x-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS), Ce and Yb L{sub III}-edge x-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES), and angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) measurements. Yb(III) (4f{sup 13}) is the hole analog of Ce(III) (4f{sup 1}). Yb is found to be strongly intermediate-valent in Ce{sub 1?x}Yb{sub x}CoIn{sub 5} throughout the entire doping range, including pure YbCoIn{sub 5}, with an f-hole occupancy for Yb of n{sub f} ? 0.3 (i.e. Yb{sup 2.3+}), independent of Yb concentration and independent of temperature down to T = 20 K. In contrast, the f-electron orbital occupancy for Ce remains close to 1 for all Yb concentrations, suggesting that there is no mutual influence on n{sub f} between neighboring Ce and Yb sites. Likewise, ARPES measurements at 12 K have found that the electronic structure along {Gamma} ? X is not sensitive to the Yb substitution, suggesting that the Kondo hybridization of Ce f electrons with the conduction band is not affected by the presence of Yb impurities in the lattice. The emerging picture is that in Ce{sub 1?x}Yb{sub x}CoIn{sub 5} there are two networks, interlaced but independent, that couple to the conduction band: one network of Ce ions in the heavy-fermion limit, one network of Yb ions in the strongly intermediate-valent limit. The robustness of the local and electronic structure to doping suggests the absence of charge transfer between the Ce and Yb ions, and may explain the relative robustness of superconductivity for this Ce-site substitution as compared to the In-site substitution.

  8. 582014-15 Suggested Course Plan CompuTeR sCIenCe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Chongwu

    Algebra & Diff. Equations EE 364: Intro to Probability & Statistics or mATh 407: Probability Theory sCIenCe582014-15 Suggested Course Plan CompuTeR sCIenCe FIRST YEAR FALL: 16 units SPRING: 16 units SECOND104L,170 4 BASIC SCIENCE I 4 TECH. ELECTIVE I 4 TECH. ELECTIVE II 4 EE 364 MATH225or245 or MATH 407

  9. DISCOVERY OF THE BROAD-LINED TYPE Ic SN 2013cq ASSOCIATED WITH THE VERY ENERGETIC GRB 130427A

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xu, D.; Krühler, T.; Hjorth, J.; Malesani, D.; Fynbo, J. P. U.; Watson, D. J.; Geier, S. [Dark Cosmology Centre, Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, Juliane Maries Vej 30, DK-2100 København Ø (Denmark); De Ugarte Postigo, A.; Thöne, C. C.; Sánchez-Ramírez, R. [Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía, CSIC, Glorieta de la Astronomía s/n, E-18008 Granada (Spain); Leloudas, G. [The Oskar Klein Centre, Department of Physics, Stockholm University, AlbaNova, SE-10691 Stockholm (Sweden); Cano, Z.; Jakobsson, P. [Centre for Astrophysics and Cosmology, Science Institute, University of Iceland, Dunhagi 5, IS-107 Reykjavik (Iceland); Schulze, S. [Departamento de Astronomía y Astrofísica, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Casilla 306, Santiago 22 (Chile); Kaper, L. [Astronomical Institute Anton Pannekoek, University of Amsterdam, Science Park 904, NL-1098 XH Amsterdam (Netherlands); Sollerman, J. [The Oskar Klein Centre, Department of Astronomy, Stockholm University, AlbaNova, SE-10691 Stockholm (Sweden); Cabrera-Lavers, A. [Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, E-38205 La Laguna, Tenerife (Spain); Cao, C. [Department of Space Science and Physics, Shandong University at Weihai, Weihai, Shandong 264209 (China); Covino, S. [INAF/Brera Astronomical Observatory, via Bianchi 46, I-23807 Merate (Italy); Flores, H., E-mail: dong@dark-cosmology.dk [Laboratoire Galaxies Etoiles Physique et Instrumentation, Observatoire de Paris, 5 place Jules Janssen, F-92195 Meudon (France); and others

    2013-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Long-duration gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) at z < 1 are found in most cases to be accompanied by bright, broad-lined Type Ic supernovae (SNe Ic-BL). The highest-energy GRBs are mostly located at higher redshifts, where the associated SNe are hard to detect observationally. Here, we present early and late observations of the optical counterpart of the very energetic GRB 130427A. Despite its moderate redshift, z = 0.3399 ± 0.0002, GRB 130427A is at the high end of the GRB energy distribution, with an isotropic-equivalent energy release of E{sub iso} ? 9.6 × 10{sup 53} erg, more than an order of magnitude more energetic than other GRBs with spectroscopically confirmed SNe. In our dense photometric monitoring, we detect excess flux in the host-subtracted r-band light curve, consistent with that expected from an emerging SN, ?0.2 mag fainter than the prototypical SN 1998bw. A spectrum obtained around the time of the SN peak (16.7 days after the GRB) reveals broad undulations typical of SNe Ic-BL, confirming the presence of an SN, designated SN 2013cq. The spectral shape and early peak time are similar to those of the high expansion velocity SN 2010bh associated with GRB 100316D. Our findings demonstrate that high-energy, long-duration GRBs, commonly detected at high redshift, can also be associated with SNe Ic-BL, pointing to a common progenitor mechanism.

  10. Available at: http://publications.ictp.it IC/2010/075 United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ­Ain University of Science and Technology, Abu Dhabi Campus, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates and The Abdus SalamAvailable at: http://publications.ictp.it IC/2010/075 United Nations Educational, Scientific], that in order for an operator to be hypercyclic, every component of its spectrum must intersect the unit circle

  11. Available at: http://publications.ictp.it IC/2010/075 United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -Ain University of Science and Technology, Abu Dhabi Campus, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates and The Abdus SalamAvailable at: http://publications.ictp.it IC/2010/075 United Nations Educational, Scientific to be hypercyclic, every component of its spectrum must intersect the unit circle. The question arises whether

  12. A VLSI Design Flow for Secure Side-Channel Attack Resistant ICs and Ingrid Verbauwhede1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    A VLSI Design Flow for Secure Side-Channel Attack Resistant ICs Kris Tiri1 and Ingrid Verbauwhede1 VLSI design flow to create secure, side-channel attack (SCA) resistant integrated circuits. The design standard cell design flow. We discuss the basis for side-channel attack resistance and adjust the library

  13. Mid-infrared Observations of IC133 HODARI-SADIKI JAMES*, EMILY WORINKENG and DR. TRACY HODGE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baltisberger, Jay H.

    LOGOLOGO Mid-infrared Observations of IC133 HODARI-SADIKI JAMES*, EMILY WORINKENG and DR. TRACY to earth with an abundance of giant HII Region (GRH's). We have examined infrared spectral images ratio of the different emission lines found within the mid-infrared. The figures needed to construct

  14. Impact of Nano-scale Through-Silicon Vias on the Quality of Today and Future 3D IC Designs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lim, Sung Kyu

    Impact of Nano-scale Through-Silicon Vias on the Quality of Today and Future 3D IC Designs Dae Hyun sub-micron dimensions in a few years. This downscaling of TSVs requires research on the impact of nano. In this paper, we investigate, for the first time, the impact of nano-scale TSVs on the area, wirelength, delay

  15. 61CanCer InformatICs 2014:13(s5) Open Access: Full open access to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geman, Donald

    61CanCer InformatICs 2014:13(s5) Open Access: Full open access to this and thousands of other papers at http://www.la-press.com. Cancer Informatics Supplementary Issue: Network and Pathway Analysis of Cancer Susceptibility (A) Introduction Cellular signaling generates a chain of protein

  16. CeO2 and CuOx Interactions and the Controlled Assembly of CeO2(111) and CeO2(100) Nanoparticles on an Oxidized Cu(111)Substrate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rodriguez J. A.; Yang F.; Choi Y.M.; Agnoli S.; Liu P.; Stacchiola D.; Hrbek J.

    2011-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

    The catalytic performance of ceria-based heterogeneous catalysts in many chemical transformations (water-gas shift reaction, CO oxidation, alcohol synthesis from CO/CO{sub 2} hydrogenation, etc.) is affected by the surface structure of the ceria. To control the performance of ceria-containing inverse catalysts, we devised a method to grow ceria nanoparticles (NPs) exposing exclusively either (111) or (100) surfaces and characterized their surface structures by scanning tunneling microscopy. When cerium is vapor-deposited on Cu(111) in a background of molecular O{sub 2}, only CeO{sub 2}(111) NPs grow. However, if the surface of Cu(111) is preoxidized with O{sub 2} or NO{sub 2} to form a rectangular copper oxide phase, probably Cu{sub 4}O{sub 3}(001), CeO{sub 2}(100) NPs grow on the oxide template instead. These experimental findings are interpreted using results of density functional calculations. The (100) surface of bulk ceria reconstructs to preserve charge neutrality. This is not necessary for CeO{sub 2}(100) NPs grown on Cu{sub 4}O{sub 3}(001), where the topmost oxygen layer of Cu{sub 4}O{sub 3} is shared with the interfacial layer of cerium. After the CeO{sub 2}(100)/CuO{sub x}/Cu(111) surfaces were exposed to CO, the copper oxide was reduced but the shape of the CeO{sub 2}(100) NPs remained intact. This opens the door for diverse applications in catalysis.

  17. Jade Sky Technologies Partners with CLTC on LED Replacement Lamp Upgrade Project UC Davis' California Lighting Technology Center will utilize Jade Sky Technologies' driver ICs to help spur

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    ' California Lighting Technology Center will utilize Jade Sky Technologies' driver ICs to help spur adoption of cost-effective, easy-to-use LED lighting solutions Milpitas, Calif. ­ October 15, 2013 ­ Jade Sky Technologies (JST), a clean-tech start-up manufacturer of driver ICs for LED lighting applications, announces

  18. Figure 5.19. Light micrographs showing the microstructure of duplex rolled metal IC381 solution treated at 1300 C for 26 hours and then quenched into

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    of duplex rolled metal IC381 solution treated at 1300 °C for 26 hours and then quenched into water the microstructure of duplex rolled metal IC373 solution treated at 1300 QC for 26 hours amI then quenched into water solution treated at 1300 QC for 26 hours and then quenched into water. The llleasured volullle fraction

  19. Stellar rotation, binarity, and lithium in the open cluster IC4756

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strassmeier, Klaus G; Granzer, Thomas; Bihain, Gabriel; Weber, Michael; Barnes, Sydney A

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An important aspect in the evolutionary scenario of cool stars is their rotation and the rotationally induced magnetic activity and interior mixing. Stars in open clusters are particularly useful tracers for these aspects because of their known ages. We aim to characterize the open cluster IC4756 and measure stellar rotation periods and surface differential rotation for a sample of its member stars. Thirty-seven cluster stars were observed continuously with the CoRoT satellite for 78 days in 2010. Follow-up high-resolution spectroscopy of the CoRoT targets and deep Str\\"omgren $uvby\\beta$ and H$\\alpha$ photometry of the entire cluster were obtained with our robotic STELLA facility and its echelle spectrograph and wide-field imager, respectively. We determined high-precision photometric periods for 27 of the 37 CoRoT targets and found values between 0.155 and 11.4 days. Twenty of these are rotation periods. Twelve targets are spectroscopic binaries of which 11 were previously unknown; orbits are given for six ...

  20. Sliding Mode Pulsed Averaging IC Drivers for High Brightness Light Emitting Diodes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dr. Anatoly Shteynberg, PhD

    2006-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

    This project developed new Light Emitting Diode (LED) driver ICs associated with specific (uniquely operated) switching power supplies that optimize performance for High Brightness LEDs (HB-LEDs). The drivers utilize a digital control core with a newly developed nonlinear, hysteretic/sliding mode controller with mixed-signal processing. The drivers are flexible enough to allow both traditional microprocessor interface as well as other options such as “on the fly” adjustment of color and brightness. Some other unique features of the newly developed drivers include • AC Power Factor Correction; • High power efficiency; • Substantially fewer external components should be required, leading to substantial reduction of Bill of Materials (BOM). Thus, the LED drivers developed in this research : optimize LED performance by increasing power efficiency and power factor. Perhaps more remarkably, the LED drivers provide this improved performance at substantially reduced costs compared to the present LED power electronic driver circuits. Since one of the barriers to market penetration for HB-LEDs (in particular “white” light LEDs) is cost/lumen, this research makes important contributions in helping the advancement of SSL consumer acceptance and usage.

  1. 1056 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SYSrLMS, MAN. AND CYBtKNEl ICs. VOI.. 18, NO. 6. NOVt~l.1HEK/I)~.CE.MBER19x8 with conventional expert systems, it is clear that

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pal, Sankar Kumar

    ) Confirmation, and Denial, etc. REFERENCES W. Bandler and L. J. Kohout. "The four modes of inference in fuzzy

  2. Enhanced oxygen storage capacity of Ce{sub 0.88}Mn{sub 0.12}O{sub y} compared to CeO{sub 2}: An experimental and theoretical investigation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhang, Minhua; Jiang, Dongyu [Key Laboratory for Green Chemical Technology of Ministry of Education, R and D Center for Petrochemical Technology, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072 (China)] [Key Laboratory for Green Chemical Technology of Ministry of Education, R and D Center for Petrochemical Technology, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072 (China); Jiang, Haoxi, E-mail: hxjiang@tju.edu.cn [Key Laboratory for Green Chemical Technology of Ministry of Education, R and D Center for Petrochemical Technology, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072 (China)] [Key Laboratory for Green Chemical Technology of Ministry of Education, R and D Center for Petrochemical Technology, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072 (China)

    2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Graphical abstract: Display Omitted Highlights: ? Ce{sub 0.88}Mn{sub 0.12}O{sub y} and CeO{sub 2} hollow nanospheres were successfully prepared via a supercritical antisolvent process. ? Compared with the pure CeO{sub 2}, the Ce{sub 0.88}Mn{sub 0.12}O{sub y} has nearly the same surface area but more oxygen vacancies. ? DFT calculations shows that the surface oxygen of the CeO{sub 2} gets activated after doping Mn. -- Abstract: Ce{sub 0.88}Mn{sub 0.12}O{sub y} and CeO{sub 2} nanoparticles have been successfully prepared via a supercritical antisolvent process. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy displays the hollow and spherical structures of these nanoparticles. X-ray diffraction analysis demonstrates the formation of Ce{sub 0.88}Mn{sub 0.12}O{sub y} solid solution. N{sub 2} adsorption reveals that the Ce{sub 0.88}Mn{sub 0.12}O{sub y} has nearly the same surface area with the CeO{sub 2}. It is shown that the Ce{sub 0.88}Mn{sub 0.12}O{sub y} has higher oxygen storage capacity (OSC) than the CeO{sub 2}. To understand the mechanism of the improved OSC of the Mn doped CeO{sub 2}, Raman spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectra and density functional theoretical (DFT) calculations have been performed. It is found that the Ce{sub 0.88}Mn{sub 0.12}O{sub y} presents more oxygen vacancies, indicating the easier of oxygen mobility from bulk to surface. DFT calculations reveal that structural and electronic modifications are caused by the incorporation of Mn in the CeO{sub 2}, resulting in activated oxygen species. The oxygen vacancy formation energy is lowered by the Mn doping. These changes are responsible for the enhanced OSC of the Ce{sub 0.88}Mn{sub 0.12}O{sub y}.

  3. Proactive Design of n-Type (In, Ce) Filled Skutterudites Enabling High-Temperature Waste Heat Recovery

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Thermoelectric and structural properties of n-type (In, Ce) filled skutterudites including power factors and ZT as a function of temperature are presented

  4. Things to Consider When Upgrading a Non-Power Reactor to a Digital I&C System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Muhlheim, Michael David [ORNL] [ORNL; Hardin, LeRoy A [U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission] [U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission; Hardesty, Duane [U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission] [U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission; Wilson, Thomas L [ORNL] [ORNL

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Non-Power Reactor (NPR) licensees are increasing their use of state-of-the-art digital technology in instrumentation and control (I&C) systems because digital systems offer improved reactor control, information processing, and information storage. In Generic Letter GL 95-02, the NRC recognized that the design characteristics specific to the new digital electronics could result in failure modes and system malfunctions that either were not considered during the initial plant design or not evaluated in sufficient detail in the safety analysis report. These concerns include potential common mode failures. A conversion from analog to digital I&C systems in NPRs solves some problems while potentially introducing others. Good design, engineering, review, and testing can identify and minimize these risks.

  5. Energy-dependent evolution in IC10 X-1: hard evidence for an extended corona, and implications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barnard, R; Prestwich, A F; Stevens, I R; Clark, J S; Kolb, U C

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We have analyzed a ~130 ks XMM-Newton observation of the dynamically confirmed black hole + Wolf-Rayet (BH+WR) X-ray binary (XB) IC10 X-1, covering ~1 orbital cycle. This system experiences periodic intensity dips every ~35 hours. We find that energy-independent evolution is rejected at a >5 sigma level. The spectral and timing evolution of IC10 X-1 are best explained by a compact disk blackbody and an extended Comptonized component, where the thermal component is completely absorbed and the Comptonized component is partially covered during the dip. We consider three possibilities for the absorber: cold material in the outer accretion disk, as is well documented for Galactic neutron star (NS) XBs at high inclination; a stream of stellar wind that is enhanced by traveling through the L1 point; and a spherical wind. We estimated the corona radius (r_ADC) for IC10 X-1 from the dip ingress to be ~1 E+6 km, assuming absorption from the outer disk, and found it to be consistent with the relation between r_m ADC and...

  6. Mechanism of Methane Chemical Looping Combustion with Hematite Promoted with CeO2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, Duane D.; Siriwardane, Ranjani

    2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Chemical looping combustion (CLC) is a promising technology for fossil fuel combustion that produces sequestration-ready CO{sub 2} stream, reducing the energy penalty of CO{sub 2} separation from flue gases. An effective oxygen carrier for CLC will readily react with the fuel gas and will be reoxidized upon contact with oxygen. This study investigated the development of a CeO{sub 2}-promoted Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}?hematite oxygen carrier suitable for the methane CLC process. Composition of CeO{sub 2} is between 5 and 25 wt % and is lower than what is generally used for supports in Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} carrier preparations. The incorporation of CeO{sub 2} to the natural ore hematite strongly modifies the reduction behavior in comparison to that of CeO{sub 2} and hematite alone. Temperature-programmed reaction studies revealed that the addition of even 5 wt % CeO{sub 2} enhances the reaction capacity of the Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} oxygen carrier by promoting the decomposition and partial oxidation of methane. Fixed-bed reactor data showed that the 5 wt % cerium oxides with 95 wt % iron oxide produce 2 times as much carbon dioxide in comparison to the sum of carbon dioxide produced when the oxides were tested separately. This effect is likely due to the reaction of CeO{sub 2} with methane forming intermediates, which are reactive for extracting oxygen from Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} at a considerably faster rate than the rate of the direct reaction of Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} with methane. These studies reveal that 5 wt % CeO{sub 2}/Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} gives stable conversions over 15 reduction/oxidation cycles. Lab-scale reactor studies (pulsed mode) suggest the methane reacts initially with CeO{sub 2} lattice oxygen to form partial oxidation products (CO + H{sub 2}), which continue to react with oxygen from neighboring Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}, leading to its complete oxidation to form CO{sub 2}. The reduced cerium oxide promotes the methane decomposition reaction to form C + H{sub 2}, which continue to react with Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}/Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4} to form CO/CO{sub 2} and H{sub 2}O. This mechanism is supported by the characterization studies, which also suggest that the formation of carbonaceous intermediates may affect the reaction rate and selectivity of the oxygen carrier.

  7. DFT+U Study of CeO2 and Its Native Defects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Bolong; Gillen, Roland; Robertson, John

    2014-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

    in solid state fuel cells2, as a catalyst3-6, as a high-dielectric constant gate oxide7, and in resistance random access memories (ReRAM)8. Many properties of CeO2 are determined by its intrinsic defects9-23 and the unusual behavior of the semi-core Ce 4f... averaging scheme46 for spin- orbital coupling effect. The RRKJ method is chosen as optimization of pseudopotentials47. The PBE functional was chosen for PBE+U calculations with a kinetic cutoff energy of 750eV, which expands the valence electrons states...

  8. Comparative Study on Redox Properties of Nanosized CeO2 and CuO/Ce2 Under CO/O2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martinez-Arias,A.; Gamarra, D.; Fernandez-Garcia, M.; Wang, X.; Hanson, J.; Rodriguez, J.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Nanosized CeO{sub 2} and CuO/CeO{sub 2} samples, active for CO-PROX or related processes were comparatively examined by O{sub 2} probe electron paramagnetic resonance and in situ Raman and X-ray diffraction techniques. Their behavior toward CO reduction, as well as the oxygen-handling properties of the CO-reduced samples, was explored. An appreciable reduction of the ceria bulk was detected on treatment under CO at 473 K. On the basis of the analysis of the evolution of different oxygen-derived species (superoxide, peroxide, O-) on low-temperature (77-300 K) oxygen chemisorption on the CO-reduced samples, a general picture of the redox properties of the samples is presented. Results demonstrate that the presence of copper promotes completion of the redox cycle under CO/O{sub 2} by favoring both ceria reduction and oxidation. This can be relevant to explaining the remarkable oxidation activity and synergetic effects observed for catalysts combining CuO and CeO{sub 2}.

  9. Observation of Strong Resonant Behavior in the Inverse Photoelectron Spectroscopy of Ce Oxide

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tobin, J G; Yu, S W; Chung, B W; Waddill, G D; Damian, E; Duda, L; Nordgren, J

    2009-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    X-ray Emission Spectroscopy (XES) and Resonant Inverse Photoelectron Spectroscopy (RIPES) have been used to investigate the photon emission associated with the Ce3d5/2 and Ce3d3/2 thresholds. Strong resonant behavior has been observed in the RIPES of Ce Oxide near the 5/2 and 3/2 edges. Inverse Photoelectron Spectroscopy (IPES) and its high energy variant, Bremstrahlung Isochromat Spectroscopy (BIS), are powerful techniques that permit a direct interrogation of the low-lying unoccupied electronic structure of a variety of materials. Despite being handicapped by counting rates that are approximately four orders of magnitude less that the corresponding electron spectroscopies (Photoelectron Spectroscopy, PES, and X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy, XPS) both IPES and BIS have a long history of important contributions. Over time, an additional variant of this technique has appeared, where the kinetic energy (KE) of the incoming electron and photon energy (hv) of the emitted electron are roughly the same magnitude as the binding energy of a core level of the material in question. Under these circumstances and in analogy to Resonant Photoelectron Spectroscopy, a cross section resonance can occur, giving rise to Resonant Inverse Photoelectron Spectroscopy or RIPES. Here, we report the observation of RIPES in an f electron system, specifically the at the 3d{sub 5/2} and 3d{sub 3/2} thresholds of Ce Oxide. The resonant behavior of the Ce4f structure at the 3d thresholds has been addressed before, including studies of the utilization of the technique as a probe of electron correlation in a variety of Ce compounds. Interestingly, the first RIPES work on rare earths dates back to 1974, although under conditions which left the state of the surface and near surface regions undefined. Although they did not use the more modern terminology of 'RIPES,' it is clear that RIPES was actually first performed in 1974 by Liefeld, Burr and Chamberlain on both La and Ce based materials. In these experiments, the La and Ce metallic samples were attached to the anode of an x-ray tube and the x-ray emission characteristics were measured using a two crystal monochromator. The pressure in the x-ray tube was quoted as being below 2 x 10{sup -8} Torr. They did indeed observed resonant behavior at the M{alpha} (3d{sub 5/2}) and M{beta} (3d{sub 3/2}) thresholds. In fact, our results here will confirm the measurements made upon the Ce based sample used in by Liefeld et al. However, the state of the Ce sample surface and near surface regions are quite undefined in the study in Ref 9. For example, the authors suggest that they are probing Ce metal, since they cannot see any evidence of an OK{alpha} (1s) XES line. However, they do report the observation of FK{alpha} (1s) line, possibly due to the utilization of cerium fluoride in the sample preparation. Later, they tried to address these issues in a new ultrahigh vacuum system. Based upon our results, it is clear that their original sample surface was oxidized, using the word here in its more general context as in having lost electrons to the oxidizing agent, although whether the structure is an oxide or fluoride remains unclear. In any case, the primacy of Liefeld and coworkers in these measurements should be noted. Cerium and cerium oxide have been studied with a variety of spectroscopic techniques under UHV conditions. This includes Bremstrahlung Isochromat Spectroscopy or BIS, Photoelectron Spectroscopy, X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy, Electron Energy Loss Spectroscopy and Resonant XES, to name just a few. We will compare our results to those of other spectroscopies.

  10. Overseas Affairs and Planning Institute for Integrated Cell-Material Sciences (iCeMS), Kyoto University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takada, Shoji

    Contact: Overseas Affairs and Planning Institute for Integrated Cell-Material Sciences (i Cell-Material Sciences, iCeMS for short, I welcome you to the Seventh iCeMS International Symposium to develop them through evolution. They are also very important to design and create various novel "smart

  11. / P/>;.I II Fian(.e 4 (1994) 1813-1822 OCTOBER 1994, PAGE f813 C la,, ii icJtion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    ,e ic,ult, me tli,cLi,,ctl in tci iii, iii the tui hitliij, hemp di>ii ii,itetl hi Lt>I uiiii~ii ~ithei

  12. RI_50m_Wind

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Metadata also available as Metadata: IdentificationInformation DataQualityInformation SpatialDataOrganizationInformation SpatialReferenceInformation EntityandAttributeI...

  13. Validation fo the International Code Compliant Calculator (IC3) v3. 10.3 Using the RESNET Verification Procedures (No. 07-003)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, H.; Baltazar, J.C.; Haberl, J.

    .E., FASHRAE December 2011 ENERGY SYSTEMS LABORATORY Texas Engineering Experiment Station Texas A&M University System IC3 RESNET Validation Report, p.i December 2011 Energy Systems Laboratory, Texas A&M... state or reflect those of the Texas Engineering Experiment Station or the Energy Systems Laboratory. IC3 RESNET Validation Report, p.ii December 2011 Energy Systems Laboratory, Texas A&M University EXECUTIVE SUMMARY This report presents results...

  14. Laser Surface Modification of a Crystalline Al-Co-Ce Alloy for Enhanced Corrosion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fitz-Gerald, James M.

    #12;Laser Surface Modification of a Crystalline Al-Co-Ce Alloy for Enhanced Corrosion Resistance hardness, structure manipula- tion, and improvements in corrosion resistance of metallic materials.[1 surface modify steel and aluminum alloys for improved corrosion resistance.[3,4] The enhanced corrosion

  15. Logiciel de Gestion de Version Qu'est-ce qu'un Version Control System (VCS) ?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tichit, Laurent

    Logiciel de Gestion de Version Git Qu'est-ce qu'un Version Control System (VCS) ? Appelé également Logiciel de Gestion de Révision (RCS), un VCS est un outil qui permet de : · de suivre l'évolution d revenir en arrière en cas de problème ; · de retenir qui a effectué chaque modification de chaque fichier

  16. CeSOS Highlights and AMOS Visions 27-29th May 2013 Aurlien Babarit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nørvåg, Kjetil

    2013 Criteria for comparison > The true criterion is cost of kWh. > kWh (power production) can absorption · Income side of COE · The higher the power absorption per unit, the less the installation cost a limit to the allowed cost for viability #12;A. Babarit CeSOS Highlights and AMOS Visions ­ 27-29th May

  17. COMMENT LES NANOTUBES DE CARBONE INTERAGISSENT AVEC LES MACROPHAGES : CE QUE NOUS DIT LA MICROFLUORESCENCE X

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud 11, Université de

    COMMENT LES NANOTUBES DE CARBONE INTERAGISSENT AVEC LES MACROPHAGES : CE QUE NOUS DIT LA. Boczkowski (INSERM). Réf. : Nano Lett. 8 (9), 2659-2663 (2008). Les nanotubes de carbone présentent des utilisée jusqu'alors pour étudier des nanotubes de carbone. Nous avons choisi d'étudier différentes sortes

  18. In situ corrosion analysis of Al-Zn-In-Mg-Ti-Ce sacrificial anode alloy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ma Jingling, E-mail: majingling.student@sina.com; Wen Jiuba; Zhai Wenxia; Li Quanan

    2012-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The corrosion behaviour of Al-5Zn-0.02In-1Mg-0.05Ti-0.5Ce (wt.%) alloy has been investigated by immersion test, scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray detector, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and electrochemical noise. The results show that there exist different corrosion types of the alloy in 3.5% NaCl solution with the immersion time. At the initial stage of immersion, pitting due to the precipitates predominates the corrosion with a typical inductive loop at low frequencies in electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The major precipitates of the alloy are MgZn{sub 2} and Al{sub 2}CeZn{sub 2} particles. The corrosion potentials of the bulk MgZn{sub 2} and Al{sub 2}CeZn{sub 2} alloys are negative with respect to that of {alpha}-Al, so the MgZn{sub 2} and Al{sub 2}CeZn{sub 2} precipitates can act as activation centre and cause the pitting. In the late corrosion, a relative uniform corrosion predominates the corrosion process controlled by the dissolution/precipitation of the In ions and characterized by a capacitive loop at medium-high frequencies in electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The potential noise of the pitting shows larger amplitude fluctuation and lower frequency, but the potential noise of the uniform corrosion occurs with smaller amplitude fluctuation and higher frequency.

  19. The CompuTer SCienCe program The bachelor of science degree in computer science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suzuki, Masatsugu

    The CompuTer SCienCe program The bachelor of science degree in computer science offered by the Watson School is accredited by the Computing Accreditation Commission of ABET Inc. (mailing address: 111 in the fundamentals of computer science, elements of practical application and an appreciation for liberal learning

  20. Energy Based Methods in Wind Turbine Control CeSOS Highlights and AMOS Visions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nørvåg, Kjetil

    Energy Based Methods in Wind Turbine Control CeSOS Highlights and AMOS Visions Morten D. Pedersen 1 / 26 #12;This talk 1 Background 2 Understanding the Wind Turbine 3 Nonlinear Turbine Modeling 4;Background The Problem Previously stable wind turbine systems began exhibiting resonant behavior when put

  1. CE990 Graduate Seminar Presentations The presentation materials shown in this file were prepared by graduate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saskatchewan, University of

    cord · 10% fabric 4 #12;Thermal ConductivityThermal Conductivity · Low thermal conductivity of 0.242W conventional aggregatesconventional aggregates 5 #12;Thermal ConductivityThermal Conductivity ··Shredded tireCE990 Graduate Seminar Presentations DISCLAIMER The presentation materials shown in this file were

  2. Author's personal copy Prepration and photoluminescence properties of Ce doped lutetium silicate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cao, Guozhong

    Author's personal copy Prepration and photoluminescence properties of Ce doped lutetium silicate silicate Cerium Solegel Photoluminescence Lu2SiO5 a b s t r a c t Cerium doped lutetium silicate powders%). The synthesized lutetium silicate powders were investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD), TG-DTA, SEM

  3. Unusual Physical and Chemical Properties of Cu in Ce1-xCuxO2 Oxides

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang,X.; Rodriguez, J.; Hanson, J.; Gamarra, D.; Martinez-Arias, A.; Fernandez-Garcia, M.

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The structural and electronic properties of Ce{sub 1-x}Cu{sub x}O{sub 2} nano systems prepared by a reverse microemulsion method were characterized with synchrotron-based X-ray diffraction, X-ray absorption spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, and density functional calculations. The Cu atoms embedded in ceria had an oxidation state higher than those of the cations in Cu{sub 2}O or CuO. The lattice of the Ce{sub 1-x}Cu{sub x}O{sub 2} systems still adopted a fluorite-type structure, but it was highly distorted with multiple cation-oxygen distances with respect to the single cation-oxygen bond distance seen in pure ceria. The doping of CeO{sub 2} with copper introduced a large strain into the oxide lattice and favored the formation of O vacancies, leading to a Ce{sub 1-x}Cu{sub x}O{sub 2-y} stoichiometry for our materials. Cu approached the planar geometry characteristic of Cu(II) oxides, but with a strongly perturbed local order. The chemical activities of the Ce{sub 1-x}Cu{sub x}O{sub 2} nanoparticles were tested using the reactions with H2 and O2 as probes. During the reduction in hydrogen, an induction time was observed and became shorter after raising the reaction temperature. The fraction of copper that could be reduced in the Ce{sub 1-x}Cu{sub x}O{sub 2} oxides also depended strongly on the reaction temperature. A comparison with data for the reduction of pure copper oxides indicated that the copper embedded in ceria was much more difficult to reduce. The reduction of the Ce{sub 1-x}Cu{sub x}O{sub 2} nanoparticles was rather reversible, without the generation of a significant amount of CuO or Cu{sub 2}O phases during reoxidation. This reversible process demonstrates the unusual structural and chemical properties of the Cu-doped ceria materials.

  4. Phase relations and crystal structures in the system Ce-Ni-Zn at 800 Degree-Sign C

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Malik, Z.; Grytsiv, A. [Institute of Physical Chemistry, University of Vienna, Waehringerstrasse 42, A-1090 Vienna (Austria)] [Institute of Physical Chemistry, University of Vienna, Waehringerstrasse 42, A-1090 Vienna (Austria); Rogl, P., E-mail: peter.franz.rogl@univie.ac.at [Institute of Physical Chemistry, University of Vienna, Waehringerstrasse 42, A-1090 Vienna (Austria); Giester, G. [Institute of Mineralogy and Crystallography, University of Vienna, Althanstrasse 14, A-1090 Vienna (Austria)] [Institute of Mineralogy and Crystallography, University of Vienna, Althanstrasse 14, A-1090 Vienna (Austria)

    2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Phase relations have been established for the system Ce-Ni-Zn in the isothermal section at 800 Degree-Sign C using electron microprobe analysis and X-ray powder diffraction. Phase equilibria at 800 Degree-Sign C are characterized by a large region for the liquid phase covering most of the Ce-rich part of the diagram, whereas a Zn-rich liquid is confined to a small region near the Zn-corner of the Gibbs triangle. Whereas solubility of Ce in the binary Ni-Zn phases is negligible, mutual solubilities of Ni and Zn at a constant Ce content are large at 800 Degree-Sign C for most Ce-Zn and Ce-Ni compounds. The solid solution Ce(Ni{sub 1-x}Zn{sub x}){sub 5} with the CaCu{sub 5}-type is continuous throughout the entire section and for the full temperature region from 400 to 800 Degree-Sign C. Substitution of Zn by Ni is found to stabilize the structure of CeZn{sub 11} to higher temperatures. At 800 Degree-Sign C Ce(Ni{sub x}Zn{sub 1-x}){sub 11} (0.03{<=}x{<=}0.22) appears as a ternary solution phase. Similarly, a rather extended solution forms for Ce{sub 2}(Ni{sub x}Zn{sub 1-x}){sub 17} (0{<=}x{<=}0.53). Detailed data on atom site occupation and atom parameters were derived from X-ray structure analyses for single crystals of Ce{sub 2+y}(Ni{sub x}Zn{sub 1-x}){sub 17}, y=0.02, x=0.49 (a=0.87541(3), c=1.25410(4) nm; Th{sub 2}Zn{sub 17} type with space group R3{sup Macron }m,R{sub F{sup 2}}=0.018) and Ce(Ni{sub 0.18}Zn{sub 0.82}){sub 11} (a=1.04302(2), c=0.67624(3)nm, BaCd{sub 11} type with space group I4{sub 1}/amd, R{sub F{sup 2}}=0.049). - Graphical abstract: Ce-Ni-Zn isothermal section at 800 Degree-Sign C. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Phase relations were determined for the system Ce-Ni-Zn in the section at 800 Degree-Sign C. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A continuous solid solution Ce(Ni{sub 1-x}Zn{sub x}){sub 5}, 0{<=}x{<=}1, forms between 400 and 800 Degree-Sign C. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Zn/Ni substitution stabilizes the ternary phase Ce(Zn{sub 1-x}Ni{sub x}){sub 11}, 0.03{<=}x{<=}0.22, 800 Degree-Sign C. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer An extended solution forms for Ce{sub 2}(Ni{sub x}Zn{sub 1-x}){sub 17} (0{<=}x{<=}0.53). Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Crystal data are given: Ce{sub 2+y}(Ni{sub x}Zn{sub 1-x}){sub 17} (Th{sub 2}Zn{sub 17}), Ce(Ni{sub 0.18}Zn{sub 0.82}){sub 11} (BaCd{sub 11}).

  5. Size Effect on Nuclear Gamma-Ray Energy Spectra Acquired by Different Sized CeBr3, LaBr3:Ce, and NaI:Tl Gamma-Ray Detectors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guss, Paul [NSTec; Reed, Michael [NSTec; Yuan, Ding [NSTec; Beller, Denis [UNLV; Cutler, Matthew [UNLV; Contreras, Chris [UNLV; Mukhopadhyay, Sanjoy [NSTec; Wilde, Scott UNLV

    2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Gamma-ray energy spectra were acquired for different sizes of cerium tribromide (CeBr3), cerium-doped lanthanum tribromide (LaBr3:Ce), and thallium-doped sodium iodide (NaI:Tl) detectors. A comparison was conducted of the energy resolution and detection efficiency of these scintillator detectors for different sizes of detectors. The results of this study are consistent with the observation that for each size detector, LaBr3:Ce offers better resolution than either a CeBr3 or NaI:Tl detector of the same size. In addition, CeBr3 and LaBr3:Ce detectors could resolve some closely spaced peaks in the spectra of several radioisotopes that NaI:Tl could not. As the detector size increased, all three detector materials exhibited higher efficiency, albeit with slightly reduced resolution. Significantly, the very low intrinsic activity of CeBr3 is also demonstrated in this study, which, when combined with energy resolution characteristics for a range of detector sizes, could lead to an improved ability to detect special nuclear materials compared to the other detectors.

  6. Data:678ce1a9-73c5-4299-aa54-b70f702c53ce | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office695810186 No revision has been approvedea02758d3 No revision has1574de6f No revisionb70f702c53ce No revision has

  7. Data:Ce155644-3dbb-44ce-80f8-79eb97a58f0a | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onb5-dcc1fcffd1f2bb71-d4159a938742e80b26cc4 Nodbb-44ce-80f8-79eb97a58f0a No revision has been approved for this page. It

  8. INTEGRAL FIELD SPECTROSCOPY OF SUPERNOVA EXPLOSION SITES: CONSTRAINING THE MASS AND METALLICITY OF THE PROGENITORS. I. TYPE Ib AND Ic SUPERNOVAE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kuncarayakti, Hanindyo; Maeda, Keiichi [Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe (WPI), Todai Institutes for Advanced Study, The University of Tokyo, 5-1-5 Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8583 (Japan); Doi, Mamoru; Morokuma, Tomoki; Hashiba, Yasuhito [Institute of Astronomy, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-0015 (Japan); Aldering, Greg [Physics Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, 1 Cyclotron Road, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Arimoto, Nobuo [National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-0015 (Japan); Pereira, Rui [CNRS/IN2P3, Institut de Physique Nucleaire de Lyon, 4 Rue Enrico Fermi, F-69622 Villeurbanne Cedex (France); Usuda, Tomonori, E-mail: hanindyo.kuncarayakti@ipmu.jp [Subaru Telescope, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 650 North A'ohoku Place, Hilo, HI 96720 (United States)

    2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Integral field spectroscopy of 11 Type Ib/Ic supernova (SN Ib/Ic) explosion sites in nearby galaxies has been obtained using UH88/SNIFS and Gemini-N/GMOS. The use of integral field spectroscopy enables us to obtain both spatial and spectral information about the explosion site, enabling the identification of the parent stellar population of the SN progenitor star. The spectrum of the parent population provides metallicity determination via strong-line method and age estimation obtained via comparison with simple stellar population models. We adopt this information as the metallicity and age of the SN progenitor, under the assumption that it was coeval with the parent stellar population. The age of the star corresponds to its lifetime, which in turn gives the estimate of its initial mass. With this method we were able to determine both the metallicity and initial (zero-age main sequence) mass of the progenitor stars of SNe Ib and Ic. We found that on average SN Ic explosion sites are more metal-rich and younger than SN Ib sites. The initial mass of the progenitors derived from parent stellar population age suggests that SN Ic has more massive progenitors than SN Ib. In addition, we also found indication that some of our SN progenitors are less massive than {approx}25 M{sub Sun }, indicating that they may have been stars in a close binary system that have lost their outer envelope via binary interactions to produce SNe Ib/Ic, instead of single Wolf-Rayet stars. These findings support the current suggestions that both binary and single progenitor channels are in effect in producing SNe Ib/Ic. This work also demonstrates the power of integral field spectroscopy in investigating SN environments and active star-forming regions.

  9. Missing Gamma-Rays from kpc-scale AGN Jets: A Test of the IC/CMB Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyer, Eileen T; Sparks, William B; Godfrey, Leith; Perlman, Eric

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The physical origin of the X-ray emission in powerful quasar jets has been a long-standing mystery. Though these jets start out on the sub-pc scale as highly relativistic flows, we do not have any direct measurement of their speeds on the kpc scale, where the vast distances from the core necessitate in situ particle acceleration. If the jets remain highly relativistic on kpc scales, then the X-rays could be due to inverse-Compton upscattering of CMB photons. However, the IC/CMB explanation predicts a high level of gamma-ray emission, which should be detectible by the Fermi/LAT. We have searched for and ruled out this emission at a high level of significance for the well-known sources 3C 273 and PKS 0637-752, suggesting the X-rays are synchrotron, though of unknown origin. These recent results with Fermi also suggest that the kpc-scale jets in powerful quasars are significantly slower than have been presumed under the IC/CMB model. I will discuss the surprising implications of these findings for the energetics...

  10. XMM-Newton observations of the supernova remnant IC443: I. soft X-ray emission from shocked interstellar medium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    E. Troja; F. Bocchino; F. Reale

    2006-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

    The shocked interstellar medium around IC443 produces strong X-ray emission in the soft energy band (E<1.5 keV). We present an analysis of such emission as observed with the EPIC MOS cameras on board the XMM-Newotn observatory, with the purpose to find clear signatures of the interactions with the interstellar medium (ISM) in the X-ray band, which may complement results obtained in other wavelenghts. We found that the giant molecular cloud mapped in CO emission is located in the foreground and gives an evident signature in the absorption of X-rays. This cloud may have a torus shape and the part of torus interacting with the IC443 shock gives rise to 2MASS-K emission in the southeast. The measured density of emitting X-ray shocked plasma increases toward the northeastern limb, where the remnant is interacting with an atomic cloud. We found an excellent correlation between emission in the 0.3-0.5 keV band and bright optical/radio filament on large spatial scales. The partial shell structure seen in this band therefore traces the encounter with the atomic cloud.

  11. Does merger-induced core-collapse produce gamma-ray bursts in type Ib & Ic supernovae?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    John Middleditch

    2003-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Gamma-ray bursts, discovered over three decades ago, can appear to be a hundred times as luminous as the brightest supernovae. However, there has been evidence for some time now of an association of gamma-ray bursts with supernovae of type Ib and Ic. Here we interpret the overabundance of millisecond pulsars in globular clusters and the details of supernova 1987A to reveal the energy source, which powers at least some long-duration gamma-ray bursts, as core-collapse following the merger of two white dwarfs, either as stars or stellar cores. In order for the beams/jets associated with gamma-ray bursts to form in mergers within massive common envelopes (as with SN1987A), much of the intervening stellar material in the polar directions must be cleared out by the time of core-collapse, or the beams/jets themselves must clear their own path. The core-collapse produces supernovae of type Ib, Ic, or II (as with SN1987A, a SNa IIp), leaving a weakly magnetized neutron star remnant with a spin period near 2 milliseconds. There is no compelling reason to invoke any other model for gamma-ray bursts.

  12. A Herschel PACS survey of brown dwarfs in IC 2391: Limits on primordial and debris disk fractions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Riaz, B

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present results from a Herschel PACS survey of 8 brown dwarfs in the IC 2391 cluster. Our aim was to determine the brown dwarf disk fraction at ages of ~40-50 Myr. None of the 8 brown dwarfs observed were detected in the PACS 70 or 160mu bands. We have determined the detection limits of our survey using the 1-sigma flux upper limits in the PACS far-infrared and the WISE mid-infrared bands. The sensitivity of our observations would only allow for the detection of debris disks with exceptionally large fractional luminosities (>1%). Considering that only the most extreme and rare debris disks have such high fractional luminosities, it can be hypothesized that Vega-like debris disks, as observed around ~30% of low-mass stars at similar ages, could exist around the targeted IC 2391 brown dwarfs. Most primordial disks similar to the ones observed for the younger 1-10 Myr brown dwarfs would be within the detection sensitivities of our survey, and could have been detected. The non-detection for all targets then su...

  13. A Unified Energy-Reservoir Model Containing Contributions from $^{56}$Ni and Neutron Stars and Its Implication to Luminous Type Ic Supernovae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, S Q; Dai, Z G; Wu, X F

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Most type-Ic core-collapse supernovae (CCSNe) produce $^{56}$Ni and neutron stars (NSs) or black holes (BHs). The dipole radiation of nascent NSs has usually been neglected in explaining supernovae (SNe) with peak absolute magnitude $M_{\\rm peak}$ in any band are $\\gtrsim -19.5$~mag, while the $^{56}$Ni can be neglected in fitting most type-Ic superluminous supernovae (SLSNe Ic) whose $M_{\\rm peak}$ in any band are $\\lesssim -21$~mag, since the luminosity from a magnetar (highly magnetized NS) can outshine that from a moderate amount of $^{56}$Ni. For luminous SNe Ic with $-21 \\lesssim M_{\\rm peak}\\lesssim -19.5$~mag, however, both contributions from $^{56}$Ni and NSs cannot be neglected without serious modeling, since they are not SLSNe and the $^{56}$Ni mass could be up to $\\sim 0.5 M_{\\odot}$. In this paper we propose a unified model that contain contributions from both $^{56}$Ni and a nascent NS. We select three luminous SNe Ic-BL, SN~2010ay, SN~2006nx, and SN~14475, and show that, if these SNe are powere...

  14. Methane Combustion over Pd/ZrO2/SiC, Pd/CeO2/SiC, Pd/Zr0.5Ce0.5O2/SiC Catalysts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Methane Combustion over Pd/ZrO2/SiC, Pd/CeO2/SiC, Pd/Zr0.5Ce0.5O2/SiC Catalysts Xiaoning Guo a Laboratory of Coal Conversion, Institute of Coal Chemistry, Taiyuan 030001, PR China b GREMI UMR6606 CNRS0.5O2 solid solution) modified Pd/SiC catalysts for methane combustion are studied. XRD and XPS

  15. Scintillation properties of some Ce[sup 3+] and Pr[sup 3+] doped inorganic crystals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dorenbos, P.; Visser, R.; Eijk, C.W.E. van (Delft Univ. of Technology (Netherlands). Dept. of Applied Physics); Khaidukov, N.M. (N.S. Kurnakov Inst. of General and Inorganic Chemistry, Moscow (Russian Federation)); Korzhik, M.V. (Inst. of Nuclear Problems, Minsk (Russian Federation))

    1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The scintillations properties of Ce[sup 3+] and Pr[sup 3+] doped complex fluoride crystals of composition CsGd[sub 2]F[sub 7] and K[sub 2]YF[sub 5] and of Pr[sup 3+] doped Y[sub 3]Al[sub 5]O[sub 12] single crystals were studied by means of x-ray and gamma ray excitation. The Ce[sub 3+] and Pr[sub 3+] doped fluoride crystals show 5d-4f luminescences at wavelengths near 340 nm and 240 nm, respectively. 5d-4f luminescence of Pr[sup 3+] doped Y[sub 3]Al[sub 5]O[sub 12] is observed between 300 and 400 nm. The authors present the absolute light yield in photons/MeV together with results from scintillation decay time experiments.

  16. Magnetization switching of rare earth orthochromite CeCrO{sub 3}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cao, Yiming; Cao, Shixun, E-mail: sxcao@shu.edu.cn; Ren, Wei; Feng, Zhenjie; Yuan, Shujuan; Kang, Baojuan; Zhang, Jincang [Department of Physics, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444 (China); Lu, Bo [Laboratory for Microstructures, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444 (China)

    2014-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

    We report the synthesis of single phase rare earth orthochromite CeCrO{sub 3} and its magnetic properties. A canted antiferromagnetic transition with thermal hysteresis at T?=?260?K is observed, and a magnetic compensation (zero magnetization) near 133?K is attributed to the antiparallel coupling between Ce{sup 3+} and Cr{sup 3+} moments. At low temperature, field induced magnetization reversal starting from 43?K for H?=?1.2 kOe reveals the spin flip driven by Zeeman energy between the net moments and the applied field. These findings may find potential uses in magnetic switching devices such as nonvolatile magnetic memory which facilitates two distinct states of magnetization.

  17. Josephson effect in CeCoIn{sub 5} microbridges as seen via quantum interferometry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Foyevtsov, Oleksandr; Porrati, Fabrizio; Huth, Michael [Physikalisches Institut, Goethe University, Frankfurt am Main, 60438 (Germany)

    2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) was prepared on a micron-sized single crystal using a selected growth domain of a thin film of CeCoIn{sub 5} grown by molecular beam epitaxy. SQUID voltage oscillations of good quality were obtained as well as interference effects stemming from the individual Josephson microbridges. The transport characteristics in the superconducting state exhibited several peculiarities which we ascribe to the periodic motion of vortices in the microbridges. The temperature dependence of the Josephson critical current shows good correspondence to the Ambegaokar-Baratoff relation, expected for the ideal Josephson junction. The results indicate a promising pathway to identify the type of order parameter in CeCoIn{sub 5} by means of phase-sensitive measurements on microbridges.

  18. Investigation into Nanostructured Lanthanum Halides and CeBr{sub 3} for Nuclear Radiation Detection

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guss, P., Guise, R., Mukhopadhyay, S., Yuan, D.

    2011-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

    This slide-show presents work on radiation detection with nanostructured lanthanum halides and CeBr{sub 3}. The goal is to extend the gamma energy response on both low and high-energy regimes by demonstrating the ability to detect low-energy x-rays and relatively high-energy activation prompt gamma rays simultaneously using the nano-structured lanthanum bromide, lanthanum fluoride, cerium bromide, or other nanocrystal material. Homogeneous and nano structure cases are compared.

  19. Synthesis of Transient Climate Evolution of the last 21-kyr (SynTraCE-21)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhengyu Liu

    2011-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Climate evolution in the last 21,000 years provides critical observations for testing state-of-the-art climate models on the simulation of climate evolution and abrupt climate changes. Proxy evidences and new modeling activities have led to rapid advances in our understanding of climate change for this past time period. This funding helps to support the first international SynTraCE-21k workshop at Mount Hood, Oregon from 10-13 October, 2010.

  20. Luminescence Enhancement of CdTe Nanostructures in LaF3:Ce/CdTe Nanocomposites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yao, Mingzhen; Zhang, Xing; Ma, Lun; Chen, Wei; Joly, Alan G.; Huang, Jinsong; Wang, Qingwu

    2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Radiation detection demands new scintillators with high quantum efficiency, high energy resolution and short luminescence lifetimes. Nanocomposites consisting of quantum dots and Ce3+ doped nanophosphors may be able to meet these requirements. Here we report the luminescence of LaF3:Ce/CdTe nanocomposites which were synthesized by a wet chemistry method. In LaF3:Ce/CdTe nanocomposites the CdTe quantum dots are converted into nanowires, while in LaF3/CdTe nanocomposites no such conversion is observed. The CdTe luminescence in LaF3:Ce/CdTe nanocomposites is enhanced about 5 times, while in LaF3/CdTe nanocomposites no enhancement was observed. Energy transfer, light-re-absorption and surface passivation are likely the reasons for the luminescence enhancement.

  1. A dipole polarizable potential for reduced and doped CeO[subscript 2] obtained from first principles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burbano, Mario

    In this paper we present the parameterization of a new interionic potential for stoichiometric, reduced and doped CeO[subscript 2]. We use a dipole polarizable potential (DIPPIM: the dipole polarizable ion model) and ...

  2. Impact of the CE mark approval on exit opportunities and validation for early stage medical device companies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kothari, Ashish (Ashish Shrikant)

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The aim of this thesis was to look at the impact of acquiring the CE marking approval on the outcome of early stage medical device companies, specifically its impact on strategic acquisition opportunities and on valuation. ...

  3. Adsorption and Reaction of C1-C3 Alcohols over CeOx(111) Thin Films

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    D Mullins; S Senanayake; T Chen

    2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This study reports the interaction of methanol, ethanol, 1-propanol, and 2-propanol with well-ordered CeO{sub 2}(111) thin film surfaces. All of the alcohols adsorb at low temperature by forming alkoxy and hydroxyl species on the surface. On fully oxidized CeO{sub 2}(111), recombination occurs between some of the alkoxys and hydroxyls, resulting in alcohol desorption near 220 K. At the same temperature, some of the surface hydroxyls disproportionate to produce water and the loss of lattice O. The remaining alkoxys react above 550 K. The primary alcohols favor dehydrogenation products (aldehydes). There is a net loss of O from the system, resulting in a reduction of the ceria. The secondary alcohol, 2-propanol, undergoes primarily dehydration, producing propene with no net change in the cerium oxidation state. Reduced CeO{sub x}(111) competes with the gaseous products for available O. Little or no water is produced. The reaction selectivity for the C{sub 2} and C{sub 3} alcohols shifts toward favoring dehydration products. The loss of O from the alcohols leads to oxidation of the reduced ceria. Compared with the oxidized surface, the alkene desorption shifts to lower temperature, whereas the aldehyde desorption shifts to higher temperature. This indicates that, on the reduced surface, it is easier to break the C-O bond but more difficult to break the O-substrate bond.

  4. DISCOVERY AND EARLY MULTI-WAVELENGTH MEASUREMENTS OF THE ENERGETIC TYPE IC SUPERNOVA PTF12GZK: A MASSIVE-STAR EXPLOSION IN A DWARF HOST GALAXY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ben-Ami, Sagi; Gal-Yam, Avishay; Yaron, Ofer; Arcavi, Iair [Department of Particle Physics and Astrophysics, The Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 76100 (Israel); Filippenko, Alexei V.; Cenko, S. Bradley [Department of Astronomy, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-3411 (United States); Mazzali, Paolo A. [INAF, Osservatorio Astronomico di Padova, Vicolo Osservatorio 5, I-35122 Padova (Italy); Modjaz, Maryam [New York University, Center for Cosmology and Particle Physics, Department of Physics, 4 Washington Place, New York, NY 10003 (United States); Horesh, Assaf; Kulkarni, Shrinivas R.; Perley, Daniel [Cahill Center for Astrophysics, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Howell, D. Andrew; Graham, Melissa L.; Sand, David J. [Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope Network, 6740 Cortona Drive, Suite 102, Santa Barbara, CA 93117 (United States); Horst, J. Chuck; Leonard, Douglas C. [Department of Astronomy, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA 92182 (United States); Im, Myunshin; Jeon, Yiseul [CEOU/Astronomy Program, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Seoul National University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Pian, Elena [Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics, Kohn Hall, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106-4030 (United States); Sullivan, Mark, E-mail: sagi.ben-ami@weizmann.ac.il [Department of Physics (Astrophysics), University of Oxford, DWB, Keble Road, Oxford, OX1 3RH (United Kingdom); and others

    2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present the discovery and extensive early-time observations of the Type Ic supernova (SN) PTF12gzk. Our light curves show a rise of 0.8 mag within 2.5 hr. Power-law fits (f(t){proportional_to}(t - t{sub 0}) {sup n}) to these data constrain the explosion date to within one day. We cannot rule out a quadratic fireball model, but higher values of n are possible as well for larger areas in the fit parameter space. Our bolometric light curve and a dense spectral sequence are used to estimate the physical parameters of the exploding star and of the explosion. We show that the photometric evolution of PTF12gzk is slower than that of most SNe Ic. The high ejecta expansion velocities we measure ({approx}30, 000 km s{sup -1} derived from line minima four days after explosion) are similar to the observed velocities of broad-lined SNe Ic associated with gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) rather than to normal SN Ic velocities. Yet, this SN does not show the persistent broad lines that are typical of broad-lined SNe Ic. The host-galaxy characteristics are also consistent with GRB-SN hosts, and not with normal SN Ic hosts. By comparison with the spectroscopically similar SN 2004aw, we suggest that the observed properties of PTF12gzk indicate an initial progenitor mass of 25-35 M{sub Sun} and a large ((5-10) Multiplication-Sign 10{sup 51} erg) kinetic energy, the later being close to the regime of GRB-SN properties.

  5. Warm absorber, reflection and Fe K line in the X-ray spectrum of IC 4329A

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Cappi; T. Mihara; M. Matsuoka; K. Hayashida; K. A. Weaver; C. Otani

    1995-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Results from the X-ray spectral analysis of the ASCA PV phase observation of the Seyfert 1 galaxy IC 4329A are presented. We find that the 0.4 - 10 keV spectrum of IC 4329A is best described by the sum of a steep ($\\Gamma \\sim 1.98$) power-law spectrum passing through a warm absorber plus a strong reflection component and associated Fe K line, confirming recent results (Madejski et al. 1995, Mushotsky et al. 1995). Further cold absorption in excess of the Galactic value and covering the entire source is also required by the data, consistent with the edge-on galactic disk and previous X-ray measurements. The effect of the warm absorber at soft X-ray energies is best parameterized by two absorption edges, one consistent with OVI, OVII or NVII, the other consistent with OVIII. A description of the soft excess in terms of blackbody emission, as observed in some other Seyfert 1 galaxies, is ruled out by the data. A large amount of reflection is detected in both the GIS and SIS detectors, at similar intensities. We find a strong correlation between the amount of reflection and the photon index, but argue that the best solution with the present data is that given by the best statistical fit. The model dependence of the Fe K line parameters is also discussed. Our best fit gives a slightly broad ($\\sigma \\simeq 0.11 \\pm 0.08$ keV) and redshifted (E $\\simeq 6.20 \\pm 0.07$ keV) Fe K line, with equivalent width $\\simeq$ 89 $\\pm$ 33 eV. The presence of a weak Fe K line with a strong reflection can be reconciled if one assumes iron underabundances or ionized reflection. We also have modeled the line with a theoretical line profile produced by an accretion disk. This yields results in better agreement with the constraints obtained from the reflection component.

  6. Morphological and Structural Changes During the Reduction and Reoxidation of CuO/CeO(2) and Ce(1-x)Cu(x)O(2) Nanocatalysts: In-situ Studies with Environmental TEM, XRD and XAS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rodriguez, J.A.; Ciston, J.; Si, R.; Hanson, J.C.; Martínez-Arias, A.; Fernandez-García, M.; Zhu, Y.

    2011-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

    We have studied the structural, morphological, and electronic properties of CuO/CeO{sub 2} and Ce{sub 1-x}Cu{sub x}O{sub 2} nanocatalysts during reduction/oxidation cycles using H{sub 2} and O{sub 2} as chemical probes. Time-resolved in situ characterization was performed by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) as well as aberration-corrected environmental transmission electron microscopy (ETEM). We have found that both types of nanocatalysts reduce to a Cu/CeO{sub 2} biphase system with significant oxygen vacancies in CeO{sub 2}. Important variations are seen in the Cu particle size and metal dispersion depending on the initial state of the copper oxide-ceria systems. During subsequent in situ oxygen annealing, the Cu precipitated from the CuO/CeO{sub 2} system reoxidized to form CuO through a Cu{sub 2}O intermediate phase as expected. However, the Cu precipitated from the Ce{sub 0.8}Cu{sub 0.2}O{sub 2} solid solution behaved rather differently under oxidizing conditions, and neither oxidized to form CuO nor fully returned to a bulk Ce{sub 0.8}Cu{sub 0.2}O{sub 2} phase in solid solution. We found that {approx} 50% of the Cu returned to a Ce{sub 1-x}Cu{sub x}O{sub 2} solid solution, while the remainder was observed by in situ ETEM to form an amorphous copper oxide phase with a Cu oxidation state similar to Ce{sub 1-x}Cu{sub x}O{sub 2}, but with a local bonding environment similar to CuO. The behavior of the reduced Ce{sub 0.8}Cu{sub 0.2}O{sub 2} reflects strong interactions between Cu and the ceria matrix and illustrates the advantages of working with solid solutions of mixed oxides.

  7. Morphological and Structural Changes during the Reduction and Reoxidation of CuO/CeO2 and Ce1-xCuxO2 Nanocatalysts: In Situ Studies with Environmental TEM XRD and XAS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    J Ciston; R Si; J Rodriquez; J Hanson; A Martinez-Arias; M Fernandez-Garcia; Y Zhu

    2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    We have studied the structural, morphological, and electronic properties of CuO/CeO{sub 2} and Ce{sub 1-x}Cu{sub x}O{sub 2} nanocatalysts during reduction/oxidation cycles using H2 and O2 as chemical probes. Time-resolved in situ characterization was performed by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) as well as aberration-corrected environmental transmission electron microscopy (ETEM). We have found that both types of nanocatalysts reduce to a Cu/CeO{sub 2} biphase system with significant oxygen vacancies in CeO{sub 2}. Important variations are seen in the Cu particle size and metal dispersion depending on the initial state of the copper oxide-ceria systems. During subsequent in situ oxygen annealing, the Cu precipitated from the CuO/CeO{sub 2} system reoxidized to form CuO through a Cu2O intermediate phase as expected. However, the Cu precipitated from the Ce{sub 0.8}Cu{sub 0.2}O{sub 2} solid solution behaved rather differently under oxidizing conditions, and neither oxidized to form CuO nor fully returned to a bulk Ce{sub 0.8}Cu{sub 0.2}O{sub 2} phase in solid solution. We found that 50% of the Cu returned to a Ce{sub 1-x}Cu{sub x}O{sub 2} solid solution, while the remainder was observed by in situ ETEM to form an amorphous copper oxide phase with a Cu oxidation state similar to Ce{sub 1-x}Cu{sub x}O{sub 2}, but with a local bonding environment similar to CuO. The behavior of the reduced Ce{sub 0.8}Cu{sub 0.2}O{sub 2} reflects strong interactions between Cu and the ceria matrix and illustrates the advantages of working with solid solutions of mixed oxides.

  8. High thermoelectric performance of In, Yb, Ce multiple filled CoSb{sub 3} based skutterudite compounds

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ballikaya, Sedat [Department of Physics, University of Istanbul, 34134 Vezneciler, Istanbul (Turkey) [Department of Physics, University of Istanbul, 34134 Vezneciler, Istanbul (Turkey); Department of Physics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109 (United States); Uzar, Neslihan; Yildirim, Saffettin [Department of Physics, University of Istanbul, 34134 Vezneciler, Istanbul (Turkey)] [Department of Physics, University of Istanbul, 34134 Vezneciler, Istanbul (Turkey); Salvador, James R. [Chemical Sci. and Mater. Systems Laboratory, General Motors Global R and D Center, Warren, MI 48090 (United States)] [Chemical Sci. and Mater. Systems Laboratory, General Motors Global R and D Center, Warren, MI 48090 (United States); Uher, Ctirad, E-mail: cuher@umich.edu [Department of Physics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109 (United States)] [Department of Physics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109 (United States)

    2012-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Filling voids with rare earth atoms is an effective way to lowering thermal conductivity which necessarily enhances thermoelectric properties of skutterudite compounds. Yb atom is one of the most effective species among the rare earth atoms for filling the voids in the skutterudite structure due to a large atomic mass, radius and it is intermediate valence state. In this work, we aim to find the best filling partners for Yb using different combinations of Ce and In as well as to optimize actual filling fraction in order to achieve high values of ZT. The traditional method of synthesis relying on melting-annealing and followed by spark plasma sintering was used to prepare all samples. The thermoelectric properties of four samples of Yb{sub 0.2}In{sub 0.2}Co{sub 4}Sb{sub 12}, Yb{sub 0.2}Ce{sub 0.15}Co{sub 4}Sb{sub 12}, Yb{sub 0.2}Ce{sub 0.15}In{sub 0.2}Co{sub 4}Sb{sub 12}, and Yb{sub 0.3}Ce{sub 0.15}In{sub 0.2}Co{sub 4}Sb{sub 12} (nominal) were examined based on the Seebeck coefficient, electrical conductivity, thermal conductivity, and Hall coefficient. Hall coefficient and Seebeck coefficient signs confirm that all samples are n-type skutterudite compounds. Carrier density increases with the increasing Yb+Ce content. A high power factor value of 57.7 {mu}W/K{sup 2}/cm for Yb{sub 0.2}Ce{sub 0.15}Co{sub 4}Sb{sub 12} and a lower thermal conductivity value of 2.82 W/m/K for Yb{sub 0.2}Ce{sub 0.15}In{sub 0.2}Co{sub 4}Sb{sub 12} indicate that small quantities of Ce with In may be a good partner to Yb to reduce the thermal conductivity further and thus enhance the thermoelectric performance of skutterudites. The highest ZT value of 1.43 was achieved for Yb{sub 0.2}Ce{sub 0.15}In{sub 0.2}Co{sub 4}Sb{sub 12} triple-filled skutterudite at 800 K. - Graphical abstract: Thermoelectric figure of merit of Yb{sub x}In{sub y}Ce{sub z}Co{sub 4}Sb{sub 12} (0{<=}x,y,z{<=}0.18 actual) compounds versus temperature. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer TE properties of Yb,In,Ce multiple-filled Yb{sub x}In{sub y}Ce{sub z}Co{sub 4}Sb{sub 12} skutterudites were investigated. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Thermal conductivity is strongly suppressed by multiple filling of Yb, Ce and In. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Small amounts of Ce and In with Yb are beneficial for the enhancement of TE performance. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The highest ZT=1.43 was achieved with Yb{sub 0.07}In{sub 0.094}Ce{sub 0.065}Co{sub 4}Sb{sub 11.92} at 800 K.

  9. Rationalization of the Hubbard U parameter in CeO{sub x} from first principles: Unveiling the role of local structure in screening

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lu, Deyu, E-mail: dlu@bnl.gov, E-mail: pingliu3@bnl.gov; Liu, Ping, E-mail: dlu@bnl.gov, E-mail: pingliu3@bnl.gov [Center for Functional Nanomaterials, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973 (United States)] [Center for Functional Nanomaterials, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973 (United States)

    2014-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The density functional theory (DFT)+U method has been widely employed in theoretical studies on various ceria systems to correct the delocalization bias in local and semi-local DFT functionals with moderate computational cost. We present a systematic and quantitative study, aiming to gain better understanding of the dependence of Hubbard U on the local atomic arrangement. To rationalize the Hubbard U of Ce 4f, we employed the first principles linear response method to compute Hubbard U for Ce in ceria clusters, bulks, and surfaces. We found that the Hubbard U varies in a wide range from 4.3 eV to 6.7 eV, and exhibits a strong correlation with the Ce coordination number and Ce–O bond lengths, rather than the Ce 4f valence state. The variation of the Hubbard U can be explained by the changes in the strength of local screening due to O ? Ce intersite transitions.

  10. 2004 IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference 0-7803-8267-6/04 2004 IEEE ISSCC 2004 / SESSION 15 / WIRELESS CONSUMER ICs / 15.7

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sanders, Seth

    · 2004 IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference 0-7803-8267-6/04 ©2004 IEEE ISSCC 2004 the standby time a cellular phone can sustain with each full charge of the battery, pulse frequency modulation mode, compared to 15µA in state-of-the-art ICs [4]. As a result, the cellular phone standby time may

  11. rIc. IL1 Dorsalvicw ofskulls of(A) round-earcd elephant-shrew (Maloslides proboscdeus) and (B) castern rock elephant-shrew (Elephantulus myuns)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #12;rIc. IL1 Dorsalvicw ofskulls of(A) round-earcd elephant-shrew (Malosælides proboscídeus) and (B) castern rock elephant-shrew (Elephantulus myuns) view that is not generally accepted today (Corbet & Hanks the most primitive of all our elephant- shrews. Its earþ fossil history is unknown. Three specils

  12. 510 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON COMPUTER-AIDED DESIGN OF INTEGRATED CIRCUITS AND SYSTEMS, VOL. 32, NO. 4, APRIL 2013 An Analytical Placement Framework for 3-D ICs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cong, Jason "Jingsheng"

    is proportional to the lumped power consumption of that bin and the bins in all tiers directly above it, the peak, APRIL 2013 An Analytical Placement Framework for 3-D ICs and Its Extension on Thermal Awareness Guojie. Furthermore, we extend this analytical 3-D placement framework with thermal awareness. While 2-D thermal

  13. Low Power IC Design Seminar, 19 January 2001, London, UK. LOW POWER SYSTEM ON CHIP IMPLEMENTATION SCHEME OF DIGITAL FILTERING CORES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arslan, Tughrul

    applications. Power saving features of the scheme are two fold. The first due to the utilisation of a macro­component . a control function which schedules the different components. #12; Low Power IC Design Seminar, 19 January, Lattice) or Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) modules, similar components can be identified. Due to the demand

  14. Low Power IC Design Seminar, 19 January 2001, London, UK. LOW POWER SYSTEM ON CHIP IMPLEMENTATION SCHEME OF DIGITAL FILTERING CORES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arslan, Tughrul

    applications. Power saving features of the scheme are two fold. The first due to the utilisation of a macro-component · a control function which schedules the different components. #12;Low Power IC Design Seminar, 19 January, Lattice) or Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) modules, similar components can be identified. Due to the demand

  15. 337978-1-4577-1597-6/12/$26.00 2012 IEEE Proceedings of the 2012 24th International Symposium on Power Semiconductor Devices and ICs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ng, Wai Tung

    on Power Semiconductor Devices and ICs 3-7 June 2012 - Bruges, Belgium Fig.1 (a) Schematic cross-section of AlGaN/GaN HEMT with conventional field plate, where LFP is the field plate length. (b) with Novel Air-bridge bridge field plate distance, air bridge footprint width and gate­drain distance (drift region

  16. InP DHBT IC Technology with Implanted Collector-Pedestal and Electroplated Device Contacts M. Urteaga, K. Shinohara, R. Pierson, P. Rowell and B. Brar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rodwell, Mark J. W.

    InP DHBT IC Technology with Implanted Collector-Pedestal and Electroplated Device Contacts M that incorporates an ion implanted N+ collector-pedestal for reduction of extrinsic collector-base capacitance Ccb without a collector pedestal. Static frequency-divider circuits have been realized in the technology

  17. International Center 3201 South State Street, MTCC -Room 203 (312)-567-3680 icenter@iit.edu www.ic.iit.edu Illinois Institute of Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heller, Barbara

    International Center ­ 3201 South State Street, MTCC - Room 203 ­ (312)-567-3680 ­ icenter@iit.edu ­ www.ic.iit.edu Illinois Institute of Technology Chicago-Kent College of Law 565 West Adams Street CPT. · Transfer students may count any time spent as a full-time student at the previous school

  18. International Center 3201 South State Street, MTCC -Room 203 (312)-567-3680 icenter@iit.edu www.ic.iit.edu Illinois Institute of Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heller, Barbara

    @iit.edu ­ www.ic.iit.edu Illinois Institute of Technology International Center 3201 S. State Street MTCC, Room with the transfer of the above named scholar from the Illinois Institute of Technology. Name of Supervisor SignatureInternational Center ­ 3201 South State Street, MTCC - Room 203 ­ (312)-567-3680 ­ icenter

  19. International Center 3201 South State Street, MTCC -Room 203 (312)-567-3680 icenter@iit.edu www.ic.iit.edu Illinois Institute of Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heller, Barbara

    @iit.edu ­ www.ic.iit.edu Illinois Institute of Technology International Center 3201 S. State Street MTCC, Room Institute of Technology (IIT) in order to facilitate my transfer. Signature: _Date:_ SECTION B: THIS SECTION notified us of his/her intent to transfer to Illinois Institute of Technology. Please complete

  20. International Center 3201 South State Street, MTCC -Room 203 (312)-567-3680 icenter@iit.edu www.ic.iit.edu Illinois Institute of Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heller, Barbara

    @iit.edu ­ www.ic.iit.edu Illinois Institute of Technology International Center 3201 S. State St. MTCC, Room 203 at the International Center to discuss your intent to transfer and to which school. Agree on a SEVIS release date your travel plans with the International Center. · If you decide not to transfer, you must inform

  1. DOI-BLM-ID-110-2009-3825-CE | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin:EnergyWisconsin:2003)CrowleyEnergyMasse) JumpConsultation-2009-3825-CE Jump to:

  2. XRD, lead equivalent and UV-VIS properties study of Ce and Pr lead silicate glasses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Alias, Nor Hayati, E-mail: norhayati@nuclearmalaysia.gov.my; Abdullah, Wan Shafie Wan, E-mail: norhayati@nuclearmalaysia.gov.my; Isa, Norriza Mohd, E-mail: norhayati@nuclearmalaysia.gov.my; Isa, Muhammad Jamal Md, E-mail: norhayati@nuclearmalaysia.gov.my; Zali, Nurazila Mat; Abdullah, Nuhaslinda Ee [Malaysian Nuclear Agency, 43000, Bangi, Kajang, Selangor (Malaysia); Muhammad, Azali [Malaysian Society for Non-Destructive Testing (Malaysia)

    2014-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

    In this work, Cerium (Ce) and Praseodymium (Pr) containing lead silicate glasses were produced with 2 different molar ratios low (0.2 wt%) and high (0.4wt%). These types of glasses can satisfy the characteristics required for radiation shielding glasses and minimize the lead composition in glass. The radiation shielding properties of the synthesized glasses is explained in the form of lead equivalent study. The XRD diffraction and UV-VIS analysis were performed to observe the structural changes of the synthesis glasses at 1.5 Gy gamma radiation exposures.

  3. Data:46440396-c64b-4541-ad0a-43775ce1671b | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of48d9ff47edf3a87dcc95b No revisione66e17fc7f7 No revisione18fe97c No revision has been approved for775ce1671b

  4. Probing the Reaction Intermediates for the Water-Gas Shift over Inverse CeOx/Au(111) Catalysts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rodriguez, J.A.; Senanayake, S.D.; Stacchiola, D.; Evans, J.; Estrella, M.; Barrio-Pliego, L.; Pérez, M.; Hrbek, J.

    2010-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

    The water-gas shift (WGS) is an important reaction for the production of molecular H{sub 2} from CO and H{sub 2}O. An inverse CeO{sub x}/Au(1 1 1) catalyst exhibits a very good WGS activity, better than that of copper surfaces or Cu nanoparticles dispersed on a ZnO(0 0 0 {bar 1}) substrate which model current WGS industrial catalysts. In this work we report on intermediates likely to arise during the CO + H{sub 2}O reaction over CeO{sub x}/Au(1 1 1) using soft X-ray photoemission (sXPS) and near-edge X-ray absorption fine structure (NEXAFS). Several potential intermediates including formates (HCOO), carbonates (CO{sub 3}) and carboxylates (HOCO) are considered. Adsorption of HCOOH and CO{sub 2} is used to create both HCOO and CO{sub 3} on the CeO{sub x}/Au(1 1 1) surface, respectively. HCOO appears to have greater stability with desorption temperatures up to 600 K while CO{sub 3} only survives on the surface up to 300 K. On the CeO{sub x}/Au(1 1 1) catalysts, the presence of Ce{sup 3+} leads to the dissociation of H{sub 2}O to give OH groups. We demonstrate experimentally that the OH species are stable on the surface up to 600 K and interact with CO to yield weakly bound intermediates. When there is an abundance of Ce{sup 4+}, the OH concentration is diminished and the likely intermediates are carbonates. As the surface defects are increased and the Ce{sup 3+}/Ce{sup 4+} ratio grows, the OH concentration also grows and both carbonate and formate species are observed on the surface after dosing CO to H{sub 2}O/CeO{sub x}/Au(1 1 1). The addition of ceria nanoparticles to Au(1 1 1) is essential to generate an active WGS catalyst and to increase the production and stability of key reaction intermediates (OH, HCOO and CO{sub 3}).

  5. Probing the Reaction Intermediates for the Water–gas Shift over Inverse CeOx / Au(1 1 1) Catalysts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Senanayake, S.; Stacchiola, D; Evans, J; Estrella, M; Barrio, L; Perez, M; Hrbek, J; Rodriguez, J

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The water-gas shift (WGS) is an important reaction for the production of molecular H{sub 2} from CO and H{sub 2}O. An inverse CeO{sub x}/Au(1 1 1) catalyst exhibits a very good WGS activity, better than that of copper surfaces or Cu nanoparticles dispersed on a ZnO(0 0 0 {bar 1}) substrate which model current WGS industrial catalysts. In this work we report on intermediates likely to arise during the CO + H{sub 2}O reaction over CeO{sub x}/Au(1 1 1) using soft X-ray photoemission (sXPS) and near-edge X-ray absorption fine structure (NEXAFS). Several potential intermediates including formates (HCOO), carbonates (CO{sub 3}) and carboxylates (HOCO) are considered. Adsorption of HCOOH and CO{sub 2} is used to create both HCOO and CO{sub 3} on the CeO{sub x}/Au(1 1 1) surface, respectively. HCOO appears to have greater stability with desorption temperatures up to 600 K while CO{sub 3} only survives on the surface up to 300 K. On the CeO{sub x}/Au(1 1 1) catalysts, the presence of Ce{sup 3+} leads to the dissociation of H{sub 2}O to give OH groups. We demonstrate experimentally that the OH species are stable on the surface up to 600 K and interact with CO to yield weakly bound intermediates. When there is an abundance of Ce{sup 4+}, the OH concentration is diminished and the likely intermediates are carbonates. As the surface defects are increased and the Ce{sup 3+}/Ce{sup 4+} ratio grows, the OH concentration also grows and both carbonate and formate species are observed on the surface after dosing CO to H{sub 2}O/CeO{sub x}/Au(1 1 1). The addition of ceria nanoparticles to Au(1 1 1) is essential to generate an active WGS catalyst and to increase the production and stability of key reaction intermediates (OH, HCOO and CO{sub 3}).

  6. X-ray luminescence of CdTe quantum dots in LaF{sub 3}:Ce/CdTe nanocomposites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hossu, Marius; Liu Zhongxin; Yao Mingzhen; Ma Lun; Chen Wei

    2012-01-02T23:59:59.000Z

    CdTe quantum dots have intense photoluminescence but exhibit almost no x-ray luminescence. However, intense x-ray luminescence from CdTe quantum dots is observed in LaF{sub 3}:Ce/CdTe nanocomposites. This enhancement in the x-ray luminescence of CdTe quantum dots is attributed to the energy transfer from LaF{sub 3}:Ce to CdTe quantum dots in the nanocomposites. The combination of LaF{sub 3}:Ce nanoparticles and CdTe quantum dots makes LaF{sub 3}:Ce/CdTe nanocomposites promising scintillators for radiation detection.

  7. Grant Title: RESEARCH GRANTS FOR PREVENTING VIOLENCE AND VIOLENCE-RELATED INJURY Funding Opportunity Number: RFA-CE-14-006. CFDA Number(s): 93.136.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farritor, Shane

    Opportunity Number: RFA-CE-14-006. CFDA Number(s): 93.136. Agency/Department: Centers for Disease Control

  8. Nickel deficiency in RENi2-xP2 (RE=La, Ce, Pr). Combined crystallographic and physical property studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bauer, Eric D [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Ronning, Filip [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Thompson, Joe D [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sarrao, John L [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Bobev, S [U. OF DE; Xia, S [U. OF DE

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Large single crystals from RENi{sub 2-x}P{sub 2} (RE = La, Ce, Pr) were synthesized from the pure elements using Sn as a metal flux, and their structures were established by X-ray crystallography. The title compounds were confirmed to crystallize in the body-centered tetragonal ThCr{sub 2}Si{sub 2} structure type (space group I4/mmm (No. 139); Pearson's symbol tI10), but with a significant stoichiometry breadth with respect to the transition metal. Systematic synthetic work, coupled with accurate structure refinements indicated strong correlation between the degree of Ni-deficiency and the reaction conditions. For four different PrNi{sub 2-x}P{sub 2} (x {le} 0.5) samples, temperature dependent dc magnetization measurements indicated typical local moment 4f-magnetism and a stable Pr{sup 3+} ground state. Field-dependent heat capacity data confirmed a ferromagnetic order at low temperature, and the variations of T{sub c} with the concentration of Ni defects are discussed. LaNi{sub 2-x}P{sub 2}, as expected was found to be Pauli-like paramagnetic in the studied temperature regime, while the Ce-analog CeNi{sub 2-x}P{sub 2} (x = 0.28(1)) showed the characteristics of a mixed valent Ce{sup 3+}/Ce{sup 4+} system with a possible Kondo temperature on the order of 230 K.

  9. Implementation of the SAM-CE Monte Carlo benchmark analysis capability for validating nuclear data and reactor design codes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beer, M.; Rose, P.

    1981-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The National Nuclear Data Center is continuing its program to improve the nuclear data base used as input for commercial reactor analysis and design. In the most recent phase of this project the Monte Carlo program SAM-CE, developed by the Mathematical Applications Group, Inc. (MAGI), was made operational at BNL. This program was implemented on the BNL-CDC-7600 Computer, and also on the PDP-10 in-house computer. The NNDC made operational and developed techniques for processing ENDF/B-V cross sections for SAM-CE. A limited ENDF/B-V based library was produced. Use of the SAM-CE program in thermal reactor problems was validated using detailed comparisons of results with other Monte Carlo codes such as RECAP, RCP01 and VIM as well as with experimental data.

  10. On the local electronic and atomic structure of Ce{sub 1?x}Pr{sub x}O{sub 2??} epitaxial films on Si

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Niu, Gang, E-mail: gang@ihp-microelectronics.com; Schubert, Markus Andreas; Zoellner, Marvin Hartwig [IHP, Im Technologiepark 25, 15236 Frankfurt (Oder) (Germany); D'Acapito, Francesco [Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Istituto Officina dei Materiali, Operative Group in Grenoble, c/o European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, B.P. 220, 38043 Grenoble (France); Schroeder, Thomas [IHP, Im Technologiepark 25, 15236 Frankfurt (Oder) (Germany); BTU Cottbus-Senftenberg, Konrad-Zuse-Str. 1, 03046 Cottbus (Germany); Boscherini, Federico [Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Istituto Officina dei Materiali, Operative Group in Grenoble, c/o European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, B.P. 220, 38043 Grenoble (France); Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Bologna, via le C. Berti Pichat 6/2, 40127 Bologna (Italy)

    2014-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The local electronic and atomic structure of (111)-oriented, single crystalline mixed Ce{sub 1?x}Pr{sub x}O{sub 2??} (x?=?0, 0.1 and 0.6) epitaxial thin films on silicon substrates have been investigated in view of engineering redox properties of complex oxide films. Non-destructive X-ray absorption near edge structure reveals that Pr shows only +3 valence and Ce shows only nominal +4 valence in mixed oxides. Extended x-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) studies were performed at K edges of Ce and Pr using a specially designed monochromator system for high energy measurements. They demonstrate that the fluorite lattice of ceria (CeO{sub 2}) is almost not perturbed for x?=?0.1 sample, while higher Pr concentration (x?=?0.6) not only generates a higher disorder level (thus more disordered oxygen) but also causes a significant reduction of Ce–O interatomic distances. The valence states of the cations were also examined by techniques operating in highly reducing environments: scanning transmission electron microscopy-electron energy loss spectroscopy and X-ray photoemission spectroscopy; in these reducing environments, evidence for the presence of Ce{sup 3+} was clearly found for the higher Pr concentration. Thus, the introduction of Pr{sup 3+} into CeO{sub 2} strongly enhances the oxygen exchange properties of CeO{sub 2}. This improved oxygen mobility properties of CeO{sub 2} are attributed to the lattice disorder induced by Pr mixing in the CeO{sub 2} fluorite lattice, as demonstrated by EXAFS measurements. Thus, a comprehensive picture of the modifications of the atomic and electronic structure of Ce{sub 1?x}Pr{sub x}O{sub 2??} epitaxial films and their relation is obtained.

  11. Pt.IC· F

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    determination: CX, EA, EIS APPENDIX AND NUMBER: Description: 85.19 Ground source heat pumps The installation, modification, operation, and removal of commercially...

  12. IC performance prediction system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramakrishnan, Venkatakrishnan

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    electrical test data, supplemented with in-line and in-situ data to make performance predictions. Based on the waterlevel parametric test, we will predict chip performance in order to select the appropriate package. Predictions that fall outside acceptable...

  13. BNL | ICS Imaging

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-Series to someone6 M. Babzien, I. Ben-Zvi, P. Catravas, J.ReportsCFNFirstPhase

  14. BNL | ICS Spectrum

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-Series to someone6 M. Babzien, I. Ben-Zvi, P. Catravas,

  15. BNL | Nonlinear ICS

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-Series to someone6 M. Babzien, I. Ben-Zvi, P. Catravas,MeVHard2nd Harmonic in

  16. Sandia National Laboratories: IC

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the1 -theErik Spoerke SSLS Exhibit atVehicle Technologies On NovemberSafety,IAEAIBMIC

  17. 456 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ROBOTICS, VOL. 24, NO. 2, APRIL 2008 the PA10-6CE utilizing the geometric and flexibility calibration method

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    456 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ROBOTICS, VOL. 24, NO. 2, APRIL 2008 the PA10-6CE utilizing the geometric for demanding dynamic ap- plications with the PA10-6CE robot arm. ACKNOWLEDGMENT The authors thank N. Mauntler in robot joints with harmonic drives and torque sensors," Int. J. Robot. Res., vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 214­ 239

  18. The University of Florida Dean of Students O ce creates a culture of care for students, their families, faculty and sta by providing exemplary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roy, Subrata

    The University of Florida Dean of Students O ce creates a culture of care for students. Develop an inclusive physical environment for Veteran services and resources. Focus energy towards 2012. Complete and implement recommendations from the O ce of Audit & Compliance Review internal audit

  19. The effect of Au and Ni doping on the heavy fermion state of the Kondo lattice antiferromagnet CePtZn

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dhar, S. K., E-mail: sudesh@tifr.res.in [DCMPMS, T.I.F.R., Homi Bhabha Road, Colaba, Mumbai 400005 (India); Aoki, Y.; Suemitsu, B.; Miyazaki, R. [Department of Physics, Tokyo Metropolitan University, Minami-Ohsawa 1-1, Hachioji-Shi, Tokyo (Japan); Provino, A.; Manfrinetti, P. [Departimento Physica Chemicale, Universita di Genova, Via Dodecaneso, 16146 Genova (Italy)

    2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

    We have probed the effect of doping CePtZn with Au and Ni and also investigated in detail the magnetic behavior of the iso-structural CeAuZn. A magnetic ground state is observed in both CePt{sub 0.9}Au{sub 0.1}Zn and CePt{sub 0.9}Ni{sub 0.1}Zn with T{sub N}?=?2.1 and 1.1?K and the coefficient of the linear term of electronic heat capacity ??=?0.34 and 0.9?J/mol K{sup 2}, respectively. The corresponding values for CePtZn are 1.7?K and 0.6?J/mol K{sup 2}. The altered values of T{sub N} and ? show that the electronic correlations in CePtZn are affected by doping with Au and Ni. CeAuZn orders magnetically near 1.7?K and its electrical resistivity shows a normal metallic behavior. Together with a ? of 0.022?J/mol K{sup 2} the data indicate a weak 4f-conduction electron hybridization in CeAuZn characteristic of normal trivalent cerium based systems.

  20. \\\\Ce_equine3\\public\\Cheryl\\WebDocuments\\OnLine\\CCYouthNomForm.doc NEW HAMPSHIRE 4-H CURRICULUM COMMITTEE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    \\\\Ce_equine3\\public\\Cheryl\\WebDocuments\\OnLine\\CCYouthNomForm.doc NEW HAMPSHIRE 4-H CURRICULUM, including this year? #12;\\\\Ce_equine3\\public\\Cheryl\\WebDocuments\\OnLine\\CCYouthNomForm.doc 2. List and structure of 4-H (service, training, background, etc.) 4. What special attributes does this youth have

  1. Fe K Emission and Absorption in the XMM-EPIC Spectrum of the Seyfert Galaxy IC 4329a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Markowitz; J. Reeves; V. Braito

    2006-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a detailed analysis of the XMM-Newton long-look of the Seyfert galaxy IC 4329a. The Fe K bandpass is dominated by two resolved peaks at 6.4 keV and 7.0 keV, consistent with neutral or near-neutral Fe K alpha and K beta emission. There is a prominent redward asymmetry in the 6.4 keV line, which could indicate emission from a Compton shoulder. Alternatively, models using dual relativistic disklines are found to describe the emission profile well. A low-inclination, moderately-relativistic dual-diskline model is possible if the contribution from narrow components, due to distant material, is small or absent. A high-inclination, moderately relativistic profile for each peak is possible if there are roughly equal contributions from both the broad and narrow components. Combining the XMM-Newton data with RXTE monitoring data, we explore the time-resolved spectral behavior on time scales from hours to 2 years. We find no strong evidence for variability of the Fe K line flux on any time scale, likely due to the minimal level of continuum variability. We detect, at high significance, a narrow absorption line at 7.68 keV. This feature is most likely due to Fe XXVI K alpha absorption blueshifted to about 0.1c relative to the systemic velocity, suggesting a high-velocity, highly-ionized outflow component. As is often the case with similar outflows seen in high-luminosity quasars, the power associated with the outflow represents a substantial portion of the total energy budget of the AGN. The outflow could arise from a radiatively-driven disk wind, or it may be in the form of a discrete, transient blob of ejected material.

  2. IC Coordinator Phone Email Address NIH Shirley LaBella 301-496-2288 labellas@od.nih.gov 2/5W07

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baker, Chris I.

    IC Coordinator Phone Email Address NIH Shirley LaBella 301-496-2288 labellas@od.nih.gov 2/5W07 Brandy Wimberly 301-402-7227 wimberlb@mail.nih.gov 2/5W09 OD Dominica Roth 301-594-8239 droth@od.nih.gov 2/4E30 Sheria Washington 301-594-8233 sheria@od.nih.gov 2/4E14 NCI Leon Espinoza 301

  3. Momentum transfer driven textural changes of CeO{sub 2} thin films

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Van Steenberge, S., E-mail: sigelinde.vansteenberge@ugent.be; Leroy, W. P.; Depla, D. [Department of Solid State Sciences, Ghent University, Krijgslaan 281/S1, 9000 Ghent (Belgium); Hubin, A. [Department of Materials and Chemistry, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Pleinlaan 2, 1050 Brussels (Belgium)

    2014-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The influence of the target erosion depth on the film texture was investigated during DC reactive magnetron sputter deposition of CeO{sub 2} thin films. Three fluxes towards the substrate surface (the relative negative oxygen ion flux, the material flux, and the energy flux) were measured and related to the ongoing erosion of a cerium target. As the deposition rate increased for more eroded targets, both the energy flux and the negative ion flux decreased. Cerium oxide thin films that were deposited at different target erosion states, exhibited a change in preferential crystalline orientation from [200] to [111]. This textural change cannot be explained in terms of the energy per arriving atom concept. Instead, it is shown that the momentum of the high energetic negative ions is an essential condition to clarify the witnessed trends.

  4. Preparation, crystallography, magnetic and magnetothermal properties of Ce5SiGe4-x alloys

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vijayaraghavan, Rangarajan

    2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An investigation of the crystal structure and the phase relationships in the Ce{sub 5}Si{sub 4-x}Ge{sub x} system has been carried out. The crystal structures of the single phase intermetallics were characterized using X-ray powder diffraction and subsequent refinement employing the Rietveld analysis technique was performed. The intermetallic system was found to crystallize in three distinct crystal structures. The Ce{sub 5}Si{sub 4}-based solid solution extends from x = 0 to x = 2.15 and it was found to crystallize in the well-known Zr{sub 5}Si{sub 4}-type tetragonal structure. The germanium rich alloys, where 3.1 {le} x {le} 4, crystallized in the Sm{sub 5}Ge{sub 4}-type orthorhombic structure. The crystal structure of the intermediate phase, when 2.35 {le} x {le} 2.8, was found out to be of the Gd{sub 5}Si{sub 2}Ge{sub 2}-type monoclinic structure. Microhardness tests were conducted on the samples in order to probe the trend in mechanical properties in this alloy system as a function of Ge concentration. The magnetic, thermal and magnetocaloric properties of the Ce{sub 5}Si{sub 4-x}Ge{sub x} alloy system have been investigated for x = 0, 1.0, 1.8, 2.5, 2.8, 3.5, 3.8 and 4.0. The phases with x = 0, 1.0 and 1.8 crystallize in the tetragonal Zr{sub 5}Si{sub 4} structure and those with x = 2.5, 2.8 form in the Gd{sub 5}Si{sub 2}Ge{sub 2}-type monoclinic structure. The alloys with x = 3.5, 3.8 and 4.0 crystallize in the Sm{sub 5}Ge{sub 4}-type orthorhombic structure. The Curie temperature of the tetragonal phases increases with increasing Ge content. The ordering temperatures of the monoclinic and orthorhombic phases remain nearly unaffected by the composition, with the Curie temperatures of the latter slightly higher than those of the former. All the alloys display evidence of antiferromagnetic interactions in the ground state. The orthorhombic and the monoclinic alloys behave as ferromagnets whereas the Si-rich tetragonal phase acts more like an antiferromagnet at high fields (1 T and higher). The maximum isothermal magnetic entropy change occurs at {approx}11 K in the monoclinic and orthorhombic phases with the highest value being 14.7 J/kg.K for Ce{sub 5}Ge{sub 4} for a field change of 10 T which is considered moderate.

  5. Vortex Lattice Studies in CeCoIn? with H?c

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Das, P.; White, J. S.; Holmes, A. T.; Gerber, S.; Forgan, E. M.; Bianchi, A. D.; Kenzelmann, M.; Zolliker, M.; Gavilano, J. L.; Bauer, E. D.; Sarrao, J. L.; Petrovic, C.; Eskildsen, M. R.

    2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present small angle neutron scattering studies of the vortex lattice (VL) in CeCoIn? with magnetic fields applied parallel (H) to the antinodal [100] and nodal [110] directions. For H II 100], a single VL orientation is observed, while a 90° reorientation transition is found for H II [110]. For both field orientations and VL configurations we find a distorted hexagonal VL with an anisotropy, ?=2.0±0.05. The VL form factor shows strong Pauli paramagnetic effects similar to what have previously been reported for H II [001]. At high fields, above which the upper critical field (Hc2) becomes a first-order transition, an increased disordering of the VL is observed.

  6. Theoretical studies of Ir5Th and Ir5Ce nanoscale precipitates in Ir

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Morris, James R [ORNL] [ORNL; Averill, Frank [ORNL] [ORNL; Cooper, Valentino R [ORNL] [ORNL

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Experimentally, it is known that very small amounts of thorium and/or cerium added to iridium metal form a precipitate, Ir5Th / Ir5Ce, which improves the high temperature mechanical properties of the resulting alloys. We demonstrate that there are low-energy configurations for nano-scale precipitates of these phases in Ir, and that these coherent arrangements may assist in producing improved mechanical properties. One precipitate/matrix orientation gives a particularly low interfacial energy, and a low lattice misfit. Nanolayer precipitates with this orientation are found to be likely to form, with little driving force to coarsen. The predicted morphology of the precipitates and their orientation with the matrix phase provide a potential experiment that could be used to test these predictions.

  7. Complex magnetic ordering in CeFe1.76 studied by neutron diffraction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jayasekara, Wageesha T [Ames Laboratory; Tian, W [Oak Ridge National Laboratory; Hodovanets, Halyna [Ames Laboratory; Canfield, Paul C [Ames Laboratory; Bud'ko, Serguei L [Ames Laboratory; Kreyssig, Andreas [Ames Laboratory; Goldman, Alan I [Ames Laboratory

    2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Neutron diffraction measurements on a single crystal of CeGe1.76 reveal a complex series of magnetic transitions at low temperature. At TN?7 K, there is a transition from a paramagnetic state at higher temperature to an incommensurate magnetic structure characterized by a magnetic propagation vector (0 0 ?) with ??14 and the magnetic moment along the a axis of the orthorhombic unit cell. Below TLI?5 K, the magnetic structure locks in to a commensurate structure with ?=14 and the magnetic moment remains along the a axis. Below T??4 K, we find additional half-integer and integer indexed magnetic Bragg peaks consistent with a second commensurately ordered antiferromagnetic state.

  8. UCL SChooL of Life and MediCaL SCienCeS Creating knowledge, achieving impact

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saunders, Mark

    UCL SChooL of Life and MediCaL SCienCeS Creating knowledge, achieving impact Population Health 4 #12;PREFACE UCL's School of Life and Medical Sciences encompasses arguably the greatest concentration Assessment Exercise was outstanding, and for most key measures the School comfortably tops UK league tables

  9. Pour citer ce document : CHELKOFF, Grgoire. For an ecological approach to architecture : perception and design. First International Workshop

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Pour citer ce document : CHELKOFF, Grégoire. For an ecological approach to architecture : perception and design. First International Workshop : Architectural and urban Ambient Environment, Nantes, 6-7-8 Février 2002. Nantes: CERMA, Ecole D'architecture de Nantes, 2002, 11p. For an ecological approach

  10. CO Oxidation at the Au-Cu Interface of Bimetallic Nanoclusters Supported on CeO2(111)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henkelman, Graeme

    of tunable interfaces, metal and oxide,9,12,15-18 metal and carbide,19 and oxide and oxide,2 of the structure of CeO2(111)-supported Au- based bimetallic nanoclusters (NCs) show that a strong support-metal Materials, and Catalysis The critical role of the interface between a supporting oxide and supported metal

  11. Synthesis and properties of Sr2CeO4 blue emission powder phosphor for field emission displays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Zhong L.

    for publication 19 January 1999 A blue emission powder phosphor Sr2CeO4 for field emission displays was preparedV. The emission peak of this phosphor is at 470 nm and Commission International de l'Eclairage coordinates are x 0

  12. Pestr spolecnost, o.p.s. Email: agentura@bezbatour.cz IC: 28525973 Kpt. Strnskho 995/4 Tel.: 222984244 DIC: CZ28525973

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cerveny, Vlastislav

    úkolovat dle aktuální poteby práce. 6. Mapování v terénu Bhem stáze je stázista pítomen na mapování stavu bezbariérovosti dle aktuálních mozností mapování a fyzického stavu stázisty. S nejvtsí pravdpodobností bude

  13. Charge transfer and formation of reduced Ce{sup 3+} upon adsorption of metal atoms at the ceria (110) surface

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nolan, Michael [Tyndall National Institute, University College Cork, Lee Maltings, Prospect Row, Cork (Ireland)

    2012-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The modification of cerium dioxide with nanoscale metal clusters is intensely researched for catalysis applications, with gold, silver, and copper having been particularly well studied. The interaction of the metal cluster with ceria is driven principally by a localised interaction between a small number of metal atoms (as small as one) and the surface and understanding the fundamentals of the interaction of metal atoms with ceria surfaces is therefore of great interest. Much attention has been focused on the interaction of metals with the (111) surface of ceria, since this is the most stable surface and can be grown as films, which are probed experimentally. However, nanostructures exposing other surfaces such as (110) show high activity for reactions including CO oxidation and require further study; these nanostructures could be modified by deposition of metal atoms or small clusters, but there is no information to date on the atomic level details of metal-ceria interactions involving the (110) surface. This paper presents the results of density functional theory (DFT) corrected for on-site Coulomb interactions (DFT+U) calculations of the adsorption of a number of different metal atoms at an extended ceria (110) surface; the metals are Au, Ag, Cu, Al, Ga, In, La, Ce, V, Cr, and Fe. Upon adsorption all metals are oxidised, transferring electron(s) to the surface, resulting in localised surface distortions. The precise details depend on the identity of the metal atom. Au, Ag, Cu each transfer one electron to the surface, reducing one Ce ion to Ce{sup 3+}, while of the trivalent metals, Al and La are fully oxidised, but Ga and In are only partially oxidised. Ce and the transition metals are also partially oxidised, with the number of reduced Ce ions possible in this surface no more than three per adsorbed metal atom. The predicted oxidation states of the adsorbed metal atoms should be testable in experiments on ceria nanostructures modified with metal atoms.

  14. Synthesis, Structures, and Magnetic Properties of Rare-Earth Cobalt Arsenides, RCo2As2 (R = La, Ce, Pr, Nd)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thompson, Corey [Florida State University, Tallahassee] [Florida State University, Tallahassee; Tan, Xiaoyan [Florida State University, Tallahassee] [Florida State University, Tallahassee; Kovnir, Kirill [Florida State University, Tallahassee] [Florida State University, Tallahassee; Garlea, Vasile O [ORNL] [ORNL; Shatruk, Michael [Florida State University, Tallahassee] [Florida State University, Tallahassee

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Four rare-earth cobalt arsenides, RCo2As2 (R = La, Ce, Pr, Nd), were obtained by reactions of constituent elements in molten Bi. The use of Bi flux also allowed the growth of representative single crystals. All compounds are isostructural and belong to the ThCr2Si2 structure type (space group I4/mmm). The formation of Co vacancies is observed in all structures, while the structures of La- and Ce-containing compounds also show incorporation of minor Bi defects next to the R crystallographic site. Correspondingly, the general formula of these materials can be written as R1 xBixCo2 As2, with x/ = 0.03/0.1, 0.05/0.15, 0/0.2, and 0/0.3 for R = La, Ce, Pr, and Nd, respectively. All compounds exhibit high-temperature ferromagnetic ordering of Co magnetic moments in the range of 150-200 K. Electronic band structure calculations revealed a high peak in the density of states at the Fermi level, thus supporting the itinerant nature of magnetism in the Co sublattice. The magnetic ordering in the lanthanide sublattice takes place at lower temperatures, with the R moments aligning antiparallel to the Co moments to give a ferrimagnetic ground state. The measurements on oriented single crystals demonstrated significant magnetic anisotropy in the ferrimagnetic state, with the preferred moment alignment along the c axis of the tetragonal lattice. Neutron powder diffraction failed to reveal the structure of magnetically ordered states, but confirmed the presence of Co vacancies. X-ray absorption near-edge structure spectroscopy on Ce1.95Bi0.05Co1.85As2 showed the average oxidation state of Ce to be +3.06. Solid state NMR spectroscopy revealed a substantially reduced hyperfine field on the Co atoms in the vicinity of Bi defects.

  15. Effect of MnO on the microstructures, phase stability and mechanical properties of ceria-partially-stabilized zirconia (Ce-TZP) and Ce-TZP-Al sub 2 O sub 3 composites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, J.S.; Tsai, J.F.; Shetty, D.K.; Virkar, A.V. (Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT (USA))

    1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Effect of increasing amounts of MnO additions on the microstructures, phase stability and mechanical properties of ZrO{sub 2}-12 m% CeO{sub 2} and ZrO{sub 2}-12 m% CeO{sub 2}-10 w% Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} were studied. MnO suppressed grain growth in ZrO{sub 2}-12 m% CeO{sub 2}, while enhancing the mechanical properties significantly (strength=557 MPa, fracture toughness=9.3 MPa.(m){sup 1/2} at 0.2 w% MnO). The enhanced mechanical properties were achieved despite an increased stability of the tetragonal phase as evidenced by a lower burst transformation temperature (M{sub b}) and a reduced volume fraction of the monoclinic phase on the fracture surface. In ZrO{sub 2}-12 m% CeO{sub 2}-10 w% Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}, the addition of MnO suppressed the grain size of ZrO{sub 2}, while promoting grain growth and changing the morphology of Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}. More significantly, the stability of the tetragonal ZrO{sub 2} phase decreased (high M{sub b} temperature) with a concurrent increase in fracture toughness (13.2 MPa.(m){sup 1/2} at 2 w% MnO) and transformation plasticity (1.2% in four-point bending). The widths of the transformation zones observed adjacent to the fracture surfaces showed a consistent inverse relation to the transformation yield stress as would be expected from the mechanics of stress-induced phase transformation at crack tips. The improvements in mechanical properties obtained in the base Ce-TZP and the Ce-TZP-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} composite ceramics with the addition of MnO are critically examined in the context of transformation toughening and other possible mechanisms.

  16. The X-ray Structure of the Pulsar Bow Shock G189.22+2.90 in the Supernova Remnant IC 443

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. M. Gaensler; S. Chatterjee; P. O. Slane; E. van der Swaluw; F. Camilo; J. P. Hughes

    2006-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a deep observation with the Chandra X-ray Observatory of the neutron star bow shock G189.22+2.90 in the supernova remnant (SNR) IC 443. Our data confirm the cometary morphology and central point source seen previously, but also reveal considerable new structure. Specifically, we find that the X-ray nebula consists of two distinct components: a "tongue" of bright emission close to the neutron star, enveloped by a larger, fainter "tail". We interpret the tongue and tail as delineating the termination shock and the post-shock flow, respectively, as previously identified also in the pulsar bow shock G359.23-0.82 ("the Mouse"). However, for G189.22+2.90 the tongue is much less elongated than for the Mouse, while the tail is much broader. These differences are consistent with the low Mach number, M >~ 2, expected for a neutron star moving through the hot gas in a SNR's interior, supporting the case for a physical association between G189.22+2.90 and IC 443. We resolve the stand-off distance between the star and the head of the bow shock, which allows us to estimate a space velocity for the neutron star of ~230 km/s, independent of distance. We detect thermal emission from the neutron star surface at a temperature of 102 +/- 22 eV, which is consistent with the age of SNR IC 443 for standard neutron star cooling models. We also identify two compact knots of hard emission located 1-2 arcsec north and south of the neutron star.

  17. A benchmark for investigating the radial dependence of C/E for control rod worths in large decoupled cores

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Salvatores, M. (CEA Centre d'Etudes Nucleaires de Cadarache, 13 - Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (France)); Orechwa, Y. (Argonne National Lab., IL (USA)); Collins, P.J. (Argonne National Lab., Idaho Falls, ID (USA))

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The first physics measurements of a heterogeneous core on the critical assembly ZPPR-7 at ANL showed that the C/E ratios with ENDF/B data for the worths of the control rods in the outer bank were several percent higher than those at the inner bank positions. This radial variation in the C/E for the rod worths was further confirmed in the analysis of the large conventional core ZPPR-10, and again in the analysis of the large heterogeneous core series ZPPR-13. In the design of a power reactor, the number of control rods, and their disposition, are determined by calculations. Misprediction of the worth of the control rods can lead to serious economic penalties by restricting the operation of the core. Retrofitting a core to accommodate more worth will be costly and is likely to lead to a non-optimized core. This document provides a discussion of these calculations. 7 refs., 7 figs., 12 tabs.

  18. Q-dependence of the spin fluctuations in the intermediate valence compound CePd3

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fanelli, V. R.; Lawrence, J. M.; Goremychkin, E. A.; Osborn, R.; Bauer, E. D.; McClellan, K. J.; Thompson, J. D.; Booth, C. H.; Christianson, A. D.; Riseborough, P. S.

    2014-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

    We report inelastic neutron scattering experiments on a single crystal of the intermediate valence compound CePd3. At 300 K the magnetic scattering is quasielastic, with half-width G = 23 meV, and is independent of momentum transfer Q. At low temperature, the Q-averaged magnetic spectrum is inelastic, exhibiting a broad peak centered near E-max = 55 meV. These results, together with the temperature dependence of the susceptibility, 4f occupation number, and specific heat, can be fit by the Kondo/Anderson impurity model. The low temperature scattering near Emax, however, shows significant variations with Q, reflecting the coherence of the 4f lattice. The intensity is maximal at (1/2, 1/2, 0), intermediate at (1/2, 0, 0) and (0, 0, 0), and weak at (1/2, 1/2, 1/2). We discuss this Q-dependence in terms of current ideas about coherence in heavy fermion systems.

  19. Observation of inner-shell-excited configurations in triply ionized cerium Ce{sup 3+}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Reader, Joseph; Wyart, Jean-Francois [National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899 (United States); Laboratoire Aime Cotton, CNRS, Universite Paris-Sud, Batiment 505, 91405 Orsay Cedex (France)

    2009-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We report wavelength measurements and energy levels for the three-times ionized cerium atom Ce{sup 3+}. The spectrum is that of a simple one-electron atom overlaid with a more complex three-electron spectrum originating from the excitation of an electron in the inner closed shell to the valence shell. The data provide energy levels for the inner-shell-excited configurations 5p{sup 5}4f5d and 5p{sup 5}4f6s and solve a long-standing puzzle regarding the fine structure of the 5p{sup 6}6d configuration, which is known to be anomalously large and inverted. The data show that this anomalous fine structure is the result of interaction between 5p{sup 6}6d and the inner-shell-excited configuration 5p{sup 5}4f5d. The results are supported by Hartree-Fock calculations and least-squares fits of the energy parameters to the observed levels. From our observed 5p{sup 6}6g configuration, we determine the ionization energy as 297670{+-}70 cm{sup -1} (36.906{+-}0.009 eV)

  20. Ion-Beam-Induced Chemical Mixing at a Nanocrystalline CeO2–Si Interface

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Edmondson, P. D.; Young, Niel P.; Parish, Chad M.; Moll, Sandra J.; Namavar, Fereydoon; Weber, William J.; Zhang, Yanwen

    2013-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Thin films of nanocrystalline ceria deposited onto a silicon substrate have been irradiated with 3 MeV Au+ ions to a total dose of 34 displacements per atom to examine the film/substrate interfacial response upon displacement damage. Under irradiation, a band of contrast is observed to form that grows under further irradiation. Scanning and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy imaging and analysis suggest that this band of contrast is a cerium silicate phase with an approximate Ce:Si:O composition ratio of 1:1:3 in an amorphous nature. The slightly nonstoichiometric composition arises due to the loss of mobile oxygen within the cerium silicate phase under the current irradiation condition. This nonequilibrium phase is formed as a direct result of ion-beam-induced chemical mixing caused by ballistic collisions between the incoming ion and the lattice atoms. This may hold promise in ion beam engineering of cerium silicates for microelectronic applications e.g., the fabrication of blue LEDs.

  1. Ion-Beam-Induced Chemical Mixing at a Nanocrystalline CeO2 Si Interface

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Edmondson, Dr. Philip [University of Oxford; Young, Neil P. [Department of Materials, University of Oxford, Parks Rd, Oxford, OX1 3PH, UK; Parish, Chad M [ORNL; Moll, Sandra [CEA, Saclay, France; Namavar, Fereydoon [University of Nebraska Medical Center; Weber, William J [ORNL; Zhang, Yanwen [ORNL

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Thin films of nanocrystalline ceria deposited onto a silicon substrate have been irradiated with 3 MeV Au+ ions to a total dose of 34 displacements per atom to examine the film/substrate interfacial response upon displacement damage. Under irradiation, a band of contrast is observed to form that grows under further irradiation. Scanning and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy imaging and analysis suggest that this band of contrast is a cerium silicate phase with an approximate Ce:Si:O composition ratio of 1:1:3 in an amorphous nature. The slightly nonstoichiometric composition arises due to the loss of mobile oxygen within the cerium silicate phase under the current irradiation condition. This nonequilibrium phase is formed as a direct result of ion-beam-induced chemical mixing caused by ballistic collisions between the incoming ion and the lattice atoms. This may hold promise in ion beam engineering of cerium silicates for microelectronic applications e.g., the fabrication of blue LEDs.

  2. Structure Sensitivity of the Low-temperature Water-gas Shift Reaction on Cu–CeO2 catalysts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Si, R.; Zhang, L.; Raitano, J.; Yi, N.; Chan, S.-W.; Flytzani-Stephanopoulos, M.

    2012-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

    We have investigated the structure sensitivity of the water-gas shift (WGS) reaction on Cu-CeO{sub 2} catalysts prepared at the nanoscale by different techniques. On the surface of ceria, different CuO{sub x} structures exist. We show here that only the strongly bound Cu-[O{sub x}]-Ce species, probably associated with the surface oxygen vacancies of ceria, are active for catalyzing the low-temperature WGS reaction. Weakly bound CuO{sub x} clusters and CuO nanoparticles are spectator species in the reaction. Isolated Cu{sup 2+} ions doping the ceria surface are not active themselves, but they are important in that they create oxygen vacancies and can be used as a reservoir of copper to replenish surface Cu removed by leaching or sintering. Accordingly, synthesis techniques such as coprecipitation that allow for extensive solubility of Cu in ceria should be preferred over impregnation, deposition-precipitation, ion exchange or another two-step method whereby the copper precursor is added to already made ceria nanocrystals. For the synthesis of different structures, we have used two methods: a homogeneous coprecipitation (CP), involving hexamethylenetetramine as the precipitating agent and the pH buffer; and a deposition-precipitation (DP) technique. In the latter case, the ceria supports were first synthesized at the nanoscale with different shapes (rods, cubes) to investigate any potential shape effect on the reaction. Cu-CeO{sub 2} catalysts with different copper contents up to ca. 20 at.% were prepared. An indirect shape effect of CeO{sub 2}, manifested by the propensity to form oxygen vacancies and strongly bind copper in the active form, was established; i.e. the water-gas shift reaction is not structure-sensitive. The apparent activation energy of the reaction on all samples was similar, 50 {+-} 10 kJ/mol, in a product-free (2% CO-10% H{sub 2}O) gas mixture.

  3. Characterization of Ce SUP 3+-tributyl phosphate coordination complexes produced by fused droplet electrospray ionization with a target capillary

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gary S. Groenewold; Jean-Jacques Gaumet

    2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Coordination complexes containing Ce(III) and tri-n-butyl phosphate (TBP) in the 1+, 2+ and 3+ charge states were generated using desorption electrospray ionization (DESI) mass spectrometry, in which the analyte solutions were supplied via a target capillary orthogonally situated with respect to the electrospray. Comparison with direct electrospray (ESI) showed that the same coordination complexes were produced in each experiment, and could be described by the general formula [Ce(NO3)m=0-2(TBP)n](3-m)+. This result indicates that DESI has utility for measuring metal speciation for metal ligand solutions where the gas-phase complexes generated by ESI have been correlated with solution speciation. Such an application would be useful for analyses where it is desirable to limit the total amount of metal being handled, or that have solvent systems that are not readily amenable to ESI. Both the direct ESI and DESI mass spectra showed similar trends with respect to the TBP:Ce ratio, viz. high values tend to favor formation of a larger fraction of the 1+ species, and the 2+ and 3+ species become relatively more important as the ratio is decreased. Within individual charge state ion envelopes, lower TBP:Ce ratios produce coordination complexes with fewer ligands, a trend also seen using both approaches. These trends again point toward strong similarity between the direct ESI and DESI analyses of the metal-ligand solutions. The DESI experiments were less sensitive for measuring the coordination complexes compared to the direct ESI experiments, by a factor of 10 - 100 depending on whether minimum detectable concentration or absolute ion abundances were considered. Nevertheless, mid-picomolar quantities of coordination complexes were measured using the target capillary, indicating that sensitivity would be sufficient for measuring species in many industrial separations processes.

  4. Anomalous Chemical Expansion Behavior of Pr[subscript 0.2]Ce[subscript 0.8]O[subscript 2-?] Thin Films Grown by Pulsed Laser Deposition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuru, Y.

    The chemomechanical and electrical properties of (Pr,Ce)O[subscript 2-?] thin films were studied between 30 and 875°C in air by in situ X-ray diffraction and complex impedance spectroscopy measurements. Reduction/oxidation ...

  5. Adsorption and Reaction of C(1)-C(3) Alcohols over CeO(x)(111) Thin Films

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mullins, David R [ORNL; Senanayake, Sanjaya D [ORNL; Chen, Tsung-Liang [ORNL

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study reports the interaction of methanol, ethanol, 1-propanol, and 2-propanol with well-ordered CeO{sub 2}(111) thin film surfaces. All of the alcohols adsorb at low temperature by forming alkoxy and hydroxyl species on the surface. On fully oxidized CeO{sub 2}(111), recombination occurs between some of the alkoxys and hydroxyls, resulting in alcohol desorption near 220 K. At the same temperature, some of the surface hydroxyls disproportionate to produce water and the loss of lattice O. The remaining alkoxys react above 550 K. The primary alcohols favor dehydrogenation products (aldehydes). There is a net loss of O from the system, resulting in a reduction of the ceria. The secondary alcohol, 2-propanol, undergoes primarily dehydration, producing propene with no net change in the cerium oxidation state. Reduced CeO{sub X}(111) competes with the gaseous products for available O. Little or no water is produced. The reaction selectivity for the C{sub 2} and C{sub 3} alcohols shifts toward favoring dehydration products. The loss of O from the alcohols leads to oxidation of the reduced ceria. Compared with the oxidized surface, the alkene desorption shifts to lower temperature, whereas the aldehyde desorption shifts to higher temperature. This indicates that, on the reduced surface, it is easier to break the C-O bond but more difficult to break the O-substrate bond.

  6. A n n a ls o f T r o p ic a l M e d ic in e & P a r a s ito lo g y , V o l. 9 2 , N o . 8 , 8 9 7 9 0 0 ( 1 9 9 8 ) G e n e t ic c o n r m a t io n o f t h e s p e c i c s t a t u s o f T r ia t o m a p e t r o c h ii

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Solé-Cava, Antonio M.

    A n n a ls o f T r o p ic a l M e d ic in e & P a r a s ito lo g y , V o l. 9 2 , N o . 8 , 8 9 7 ± 9 0 0 ( 1 9 9 8 ) G e n e t ic c o n ® r m a t io n o f t h e s p e c i® c s t a t u s o f T r ia t o m a p e t r o c h ii (H e m ip t e r a : R e d u v iid a e : T r ia t o m in a e ) T ria to m a p

  7. Characterization of CeO2-Supported Cu-Pd Bimetallic Catalyst for the Oxygen-Assisted Water-Gas Shift Reaction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fox, Elise; Velu, Subramani; Engelhard, Mark H.; Chin, Ya-Huei; Miller, Jeffrey T.; Kropf, Jeremy; Song, Chunshan

    2008-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

    This study was focused to investigate the roles of Cu and Pd in CuPd/CeO2 bimetallic catalysts containing 20-30 wt% Cu and 0.5-1 wt% Pd used in the oxygen-assisted water-gas shift (OWGS) reaction employing a combined bulk and surface characterization techniques such as XRD, TPR, CO chemisorption, and in-situ XPS. The catalytic activity for CO conversion and the stability of catalyst during on-stream operation increased by the addition of Cu to Pd/CeO2 or Pd to Cu/CeO2 monometallic catalysts, especially when the OWGS reaction was performed under low temperatures, below 200oC. The bimetallic catalyst after leaching with nitric acid retained about 60% of its original activity. The TPR of monometallic Cu/CeO2 showed reduction of CuO supported on CeO2 in two distinct regions, around 150 and 250oC. The high temperature peak disappeared and reduction occurred in a single step around 150oC upon Pd addition. The Pd dispersion decreased from 38.5% for Pd/CeO2 to below 1% for CuPd/CeO2 bimetallic catalyst. In-situ XPS studies showed a shift in Cu 2p peaks toward lower binding energy (BE) with concommitant shift in the Pd 3d peaks toward higher BE. Addition of Pd decreased the surface Cu concentration while the concentration of Pd remained unaltered. All these observations indicated the formation of Cu-Pd surface alloy. The valence band XP spectra collected below 10 eV corroborated the core level XP spectra and indicated that Cu is mainly involved in the catalytic reaction. The improved catalytic activity and stability of CuPd/CeO2 bimetallic catalyst was attributed to the alloy formation.

  8. Structural characterization of the CeO{sub 2}/Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3} mixed system by synchrotron X-ray diffraction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Artini, Cristina, E-mail: c.artini@ge.ieni.cnr.it [Dipartimento di Chimica e Chimica Industriale, Universita degli Studi di Genova, Via Dodecaneso 31, 16146 Genova (Italy); Costa, Giorgio A., E-mail: costa@chimica.unige.it [Dipartimento di Chimica e Chimica Industriale, Universita degli Studi di Genova, Via Dodecaneso 31, 16146 Genova (Italy); CNR-SPIN Genova, Corso Perrone 24, 16152 Genova (Italy); Pani, Marcella, E-mail: marcella@chimica.unige.it [Dipartimento di Chimica e Chimica Industriale, Universita degli Studi di Genova, Via Dodecaneso 31, 16146 Genova (Italy); Lausi, Andrea, E-mail: andrea.lausi@elettra.trieste.it [Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A., ss 14, km 163, 5, 34149 Basovizza, Trieste (Italy); Plaisier, Jasper, E-mail: jasper.plaisier@elettra.trieste.it [Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A., ss 14, km 163, 5, 34149 Basovizza, Trieste (Italy)

    2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The structural determination of the CeO{sub 2}/Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3} mixed system is a non-trivial problem because of the close resemblance between the ionic sizes of Ce{sup 4+} and Gd{sup 3+} and between the crystal structures of CeO{sub 2} and Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3}. (Ce{sub 1-x}Gd{sub x})O{sub 2-x/2} powder samples with x ranging between 0 and 1 have been synthesized by coprecipitation of mixed oxalates and subsequent thermal decomposition in air at 1200 Degree-Sign C followed by slow cooling. Synchrotron powder X-ray diffraction data were collected and refined by the Rietveld method. Lattice parameters do not follow Vegard's law and no peak splitting has been observed for any composition, meaning that no biphasic regions exist over the whole compositional range. The same hybrid structural model - a proper mixture of the structures of the two pure oxides - was used for the refinements, allowing to account for the data observed. - graphical abstract: Substituting Ce{sup 4+} by Gd{sup 3+}, a gradual transition from the F structure (typical of CeO{sub 2}) to the C structure (typical of Gd{sub 2}O{sub 3}) takes place. The lattice parameters do not follow Vegard's law. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A structural study of Ce-Gd mixed oxides has been performed. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer In (Ce{sub 1-x}Gd{sub x})O{sub 2-x/2} a solid solution forms for 0{<=}x{<=}0.3. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer For x>0.3 a gradual transition from the C to the F structure is observed. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Lattice parameters do not follow Vegard's law.

  9. Stars at the Tip of Peculiar Elephant Trunk-Like Clouds in IC 1848E: A Possible Third Mechanism of Triggered Star Formation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chauhan, Neelam; Pandey, Anil K; Samal, Manash R; Bhatt, Bhuwan C

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The HII region IC 1848 harbors a lot of intricate elephant trunk-like structures that look morphologically different from usual bright-rimmed clouds (BRCs). Of particular interest is a concentration of thin and long elephant trunk-like structures in the southeastern part of IC 1848E. Some of them have an apparently associated star (or two stars) at their very tip. We conducted $VI_{c}$ photometry of several of these stars. Their positions on the $V/(V-I_{c})$ color-magnitude diagram as well as the physical parameters obtained by SED fittings indicate that they are low-mass pre-main-sequence stars having ages of mostly one Myr or less. This strongly suggests that they formed from elongated, elephant trunk-like clouds. We presume that such elephant trunk-like structures are genetically different from BRCs, on the basis of the differences in morphology, size distributions, and the ages of the associated young stars. We suspect that those clouds have been caused by hydrodynamical instability of the ionization/sho...

  10. Crystalline Electric Field as a Probe for Long-Range Antiferromagnetic Order and Superconducting State of CeFeAsO1-xFx

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chi, Songxue [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Adroja, D. T. [ISIS Facility, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory; GUIDI, T. [ISIS Facility, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory; Bewley, Robert I. [ISIS Facility, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory; Li, Shiliang [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Zhao, Jun [ORNL; Lynn, J. W. [National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST); Brown, C. M. [National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST); Qiu, Y. [National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST); Chen, G. F, [Beijing National Laboratory for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Physics; Luo, J. L. [Chinese Academy of Sciences; Wang, N. L. [Chinese Academy of Sciences; Dai, Pengcheng [ORNL

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We use inelastic neutron scattering to study the crystalline electric field (CEF) excitations of Ce{sup 3+} in CeFeAsO{sub 1-x}F{sub x} (x=0, 0.16). For nonsuperconducting CeFeAsO, the Ce CEF levels have three magnetic doublets in the paramagnetic state, but these doublets split into six singlets when the Fe ions order antiferromagnetically. For superconducting CeFeAsO{sub 0.84}F{sub 0.16} (T{sub c} = 41 K), where the static antiferromagnetic order is suppressed, the Ce CEF levels have three magnetic doublets at {h_bar}{sub {omega}} = 0, 18.7, 58.4 meV at all temperatures. Careful measurements of the intrinsic linewidth {Lambda} and the peak position of the 18.7 meV mode reveal a clear anomaly at T{sub c}, consistent with a strong enhancement of local magnetic susceptibility {chi}{double_prime}({h_bar}{sub {omega}}) below T{sub c}. These results suggest that CEF excitations in the rare-earth oxypnictides can be used as a probe of spin dynamics in the nearby FeAs planes.

  11. Ya ri a bsod Collection 4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sha bo don 'grub rdo rje; Skal dbang skyid

    ????????????????????????? Genre or type (i.e. epic, song, ritual) Persuade Song ??? ??????????????? Name of recorder (if different from collector) Date of recording February 2007 ????? ?????????????????????????? Place of recording A skyid Village, A skyid Township... of performer(s) E kho, 72, female, A skyid Township, Mdzo dge County, Rnga ba Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan Province. ??,?????????????????????????? ?? ?????? ???? ??? ??????????????????????????????????...

  12. Ya ri a bsod Collection 6

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sha bo don 'grub rdo rje; Skal dbang skyid

    ?????????????????????????????????? ?????????? Genre or type (i.e. epic, song, ritual) Paean ?? ?????? Name of recorder (if different from collector) Date of recording February 2007 ????? ?????????????????????????? Place of recording...

  13. Ya ri a bsod Collection 7

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sha bo don 'grub rdo rje; Skal dbang skyid

    ??????????????? ???????????? ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????? Genre or type (i.e. epic, song, ritual) Paean ?? ?????? Name...

  14. &RQFHSWXDO 0RGHOLQJ DQG &RPSRVLWLRQ RI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    efficiently. Organizational processes cover business processes and work processes. Organizational resources providing organizational UHVRXUFHV to organizational SURFHVVHV in order to have them performed more comprise human beings as organizational actors, but also information, tools and representations

  15. Category:Providence, RI | Open Energy Information

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    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectricEnergyCTBarreis aCallahanWind FarmAdd aMinutesMapPlaces Jump to:OR

  16. SESAME 96170, a solid-liquid equation of state for CeO2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chisolm, Eric D. [Los Alamos National Laboratory] [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2014-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

    I describe an equation of state (EOS) for the low-pressure solid phase and liquid phase of cerium (IV) oxide, CeO{sub 2}. The models and parameters used to calculate the EOS are presented in detail, and I compare with data for the full-density crystal. Hugoniot data are available only for high-porosity powders, and I discuss difficulties in comparing with such data. I have constructed SESAME 96170, an EOS for cerium (IV) oxide that includes the ambient solid and liquid phases. The EOS extends over the full standard SESAME range, but should not be used at low temperatures and high densities because of the lack of a high-pressure solid phase. I have described the models used to compute the three terms of the EOS (cold curve, nuclear, and thermal electronic), and I have given the parameters used in the models. They were determined by comparison with experimental data at P = 1 atm, including the constant-pressure specific heat, coefficient of thermal expansion, and melting and boiling points. The EOS compares well with data in its intended range of validity, but the presence of high-frequency optical modes in its phonon spectrum limits the agreement of our models with thermal data. The next step is to construct a multiphase EOS that includes the low- and high-pressure solid phases and the liquid. The DAC data from Duclos will most strongly constrain the parameters of the high-pressure solid. A remaining issue is the comparison of the crystal-density EOS with experimental Hugoniot data, which are taken at much lower initial data because the samples are porous powders. A satisfactory means of modeling porosity, allowing comparison of theory and experiment, has not yet been produced.

  17. Interaction of Ce{sub 1?x}Er{sub x}O{sub 2?y} nanoparticles with SiO{sub 2}-effect of temperature and atmosphere

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kepinski, L., E-mail: L.Kepinski@int.pan.wroc.pl; Krajczyk, L.; Mista, W.

    2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Morphology, microstructure and phase evolution of homogeneous, nanocrystalline Ce{sub 1?x}Er{sub x}O{sub 2?x/2} mixed oxide (x=0.3 and 0.5), prepared by microemulsion method, supported on amorphous SiO{sub 2} was studied in oxidizing and reducing atmosphere by XRD, TEM, SEM-EDS and N{sub 2} adsorption. The system is structurally and chemically stable in the oxidizing atmosphere up to 1000 °C, exhibiting only a small increase of the mean crystallite size of the oxide to ?4 nm. At 1100 °C formation of Er silicate with unusual structure isomorphic with y-Y{sub 2}Si{sub 2}O{sub 7} (yttrialite), stabilized by Ce{sup 4+} ions was observed. In the reducing atmosphere the Ce{sub 1?x}Er{sub x}O{sub 2?x/2} reacted with SiO{sub 2} already at 900 °C, due to high affinity of the reduced Ce{sup 3+} to form a silicate phase. At higher temperature the silicate crystallized into the tetragonal, low temperature A-(Ce{sub 1?x}Er{sub x}){sub 2}Si{sub 2}O{sub 7} polymorph. Such systems, containing nanocrystalline silicate particles with Er{sup 3+} ions placed in well defined sites embedded in silica matrix, may be interesting as highly efficient active components of optical waveguides amplifiers integrated with Si microelectronics. The nanocrystalline Ce–Er–O/SiO{sub 2} system prepared by the impregnation of the silica with the aqueous solution of nitrates appeared to be chemically inhomogeneous and less stable in both oxidising and reducing atmosphere. - Graphical abstract: Structure evolution of Ce{sub 0.5}Er{sub 0.5}O{sub 1.75} in air and in H{sub 2}. Display Omitted - Highlights: • Homogeneous 3 nm Ce{sub 1?x}Er{sub x}O{sub 2?y} particles were prepared and uniformly dispersed on SiO{sub 2}. • Er diffusion to SiO{sub 2} determines the stability of the mixed oxide in air to ?1000 °C. • Spreading of Ce{sub 1?x}Er{sub x}O{sub 2?y} onto SiO{sub 2} occurs in hydrogen at 900 °C. • Nanocrystalline A-(Ce,Er){sub 2}Si{sub 2}O{sub 7} silicate forms in H{sub 2} at 1100 °C.

  18. Data:Ce7ce2d1-1aee-4b6e-b53c-61f5d633ed15 | Open Energy Information

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  19. Transport properties of partially-filled Ce{sub y}Co{sub 4}Sb{sub 12}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Uher, C.; Chen, B.; Hu, S.; Morelli, D.T.; Meisner, G.P.

    1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The authors have investigated the magnetic and transport properties of Ce{sub y}Co{sub 4}Sb{sub 12} filled skutterudites with the filling fraction y {le} 0.1. These compounds are n-type materials that develop a magnetic moment upon the presence of trivalent cerium. Cerium has a strong influence on all transport properties and even in small amounts it drastically reduces the lattice thermal conductivity. The resulting figures of merit are comparable to the values established previously for the p-type filled skutterudites.

  20. Data:69ce9c3e-1066-4306-b704-dccfa06245b9 | Open Energy Information

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  1. Data:5289eb16-08ae-4779-aef7-e948945f84ce | Open Energy Information

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  2. Data:9d9aa544-afad-4985-ba5a-1093160c0ce4 | Open Energy Information

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  8. Nanopattering in CeOx/Cu(111): A New Type of Surface Reconstruction and Enhancement of Catalytic Activity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rodriguez J. A.; Senanayake, S.D.; Sadowski, J.; Evans, J.; Kundu, S.; Agnoli, S.; Yang, F.; Stacchiola, D.; Flege, J.I.; Hrbek, J.

    2012-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Our results indicate that small amounts of an oxide deposited on a stable metal surface can trigger a massive surface reconstruction under reaction conditions. In low-energy electron microscopy (LEEM) experiments, no reconstruction of Cu(111) is observed after chemisorbing oxygen or after reducing O/Cu(111) in a CO atmosphere. On the other hand, LEEM images taken in situ during the reduction of CeO{sub 2}/CuO{sub 1-x}/Cu(111) show a complex nonuniform transformation of the surface morphology. Ceria particles act as nucleation sites for the growth of copper microterraces once CuO{sub 1-x} is reduced. Can this reconstructed surface be used to enhance the catalytic activity of inverse oxide/metal catalysts? Indeed, CeO{sub x} on reconstructed Cu(111) is an extremely active catalyst for the water-gas shift process (CO + H{sub 2}O {yields} H{sub 2} + CO{sub 2}), with the Cu microterraces providing very efficient sites for the dissociation of water and subsequent reaction with CO.

  9. CE IGCC repowering project: Clean Coal II Project. Annual report, 1 January, 1992--31 December, 1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    CE is participating in a $270 million coal gasification combined cycle repowering project that will provide a nominal 60 MW of electricity to City, Water, light and Power (CWL and P) in Springfield, Illinois. The IGCC system will consist of CE`s air-blown entrained flow two-stage gasifier; an advanced hot gas cleanup system; a combustion turbine adapted to use low-Btu gas: and all necessary coal handling equipment. The project is currently in the second budget period of five. The major activities during this budgeted period are: Establishment of an approved for design (AFD) engineering package; development of a detailed cost estimate; resolution of project business issues; CWL and P renewal and replacement activities; and application for environmental air permits. The Project Management Plan was updated. The conceptual design of the plant was completed and a cost and schedule baseline for the project was established previously in Budget Period One. This information was used to establish AFD Process Flow Diagrams, Piping and Instrument Diagrams, Equipment Data Sheets, material take offs, site modification plans and other information necessary to develop a plus or minus 20% cost estimate. Environmental permitting activities are continuing. At the end of 1992 the major activities remaining for Budget Period two is to finish the cost estimate and complete the Continuation Request Documents.

  10. Rapid Microwave Preparation of Highly Efficient Ce[superscript 3+]-Substituted Garnet Phosphors for Solid State White Lighting

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Birkel, Alexander; Denault, Kristin A.; George, Nathan C.; Doll, Courtney E.; Héry, Bathylle; Mikhailovsky, Alexander A.; Birkel, Christina S.; Hong, Byung-Chul; Seshadri, Ram (UCSB); (Mitsubishi)

    2012-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Ce{sup 3+}-substituted aluminum garnet compounds of yttrium (Y{sub 3}Al{sub 5}O{sub 12}) and lutetium (Lu{sub 3}Al{sub 5}O{sub 12}) - both important compounds in the generation of (In,Ga)N-based solid state white lighting - have been prepared using a simple microwave heating technique involving the use of a microwave susceptor to provide the initial heat source. Carbon used as the susceptor additionally creates a reducing atmosphere around the sample that helps stabilize the desired luminescent compound. High quality, phase-pure materials are prepared within a fraction of the time and using a fraction of the energy required in a conventional ceramic preparation; the microwave technique allows for a reduction of about 95% in preparation time, making it possible to obtain phase pure, Ce{sup 3+}-substituted garnet compounds in under 20 min of reaction time. It is estimated that the overall reduction in energy compared with ceramic routes as practiced in the lab is close to 99%. Conventionally prepared material is compared with material prepared using microwave heating in terms of structure, morphology, and optical properties, including quantum yield and thermal quenching of luminescence. Finally, the microwave-prepared compounds have been incorporated into light-emitting diode 'caps' to test their performance characteristics in a real device, in terms of their photon efficiency and color coordinates.

  11. Preparation and luminescence characterization of GGAG:Ce{sup 3+},B{sup 3+} for a white light-emitting diode

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kang, Jun-Gill [Department of Chemistry, Chungnam National University, Daejeon 305-764 (Korea, Republic of)], E-mail: jgkang@cnu.ac.kr; Kim, Myung-Kyo [Alti-Electronics Co., Ltd., 90-1 Bongmyung-Ri, Namsa-Myun, Youngin, Gyeonggi-Do 449-882 (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Kwang-Bok [Kumho Electric, Inc., 64-1, Bongmyung-Ri, Namsa-Myun, Youngin, Gyeonggi-Do 449-883 (Korea, Republic of)

    2008-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

    We prepared Gd{sub 3}Ga{sub 2}Al{sub 3}O{sub 12} (GGAG) co-doped with trivalent cerium and boron ions and investigated its luminescence properties as a function of the B{sup 3+} concentration. The luminescence intensity was enhanced markedly by adding B{sup 3+} as a co-dopant. The non-boron-doped GGAG:Ce{sup 3+} converted less than 10% of the absorbed blue light into luminescence. As the B{sup 3+} concentration increased, Q increased and reached a maximum of Q = 21% at 1.5 moles in GGAG:Ce{sup 3+}. White light closer to daylight with good color-rendering index properties was generated with the proper combination of yellow emission from GGAG:Ce{sup 3+},B{sup 3+} and blue emission from a GaN chip.

  12. Oxide-ion conductivity in Cu {sub x}Ce{sub 1-x}O{sub 2-{delta}} (0 {<=} x {<=} 0.10)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gayen, Arup [Solid State and Structural Chemistry Unit, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012 (India); Priolkar, K.R. [Department of Physics, Goa University, Taleigao Plateau, Goa 403206 (India); Shukla, A.K. [Solid State and Structural Chemistry Unit, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012 (India); Ravishankar, N. [Materials Research Centre, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012 (India); Hegde, M.S. [Solid State and Structural Chemistry Unit, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012 (India)]. E-mail: mshegde@sscu.iisc.ernet.in

    2005-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Up to 10 at.% of copper readily substitutes for cerium in ceria. It is found that at oxygen partial pressures between 0.21 atm and 10{sup -5} atm, Cu {sub x}Ce{sub 1-x}O{sub 2-{delta}} (0 {<=} x {<=} 0.10) solid solution behave as an oxide-ion electrolyte. Interestingly, Cu{sub 0.10}Ce{sub 0.90}O{sub 2-{delta}} exhibits the oxide-ion conductivity of ca. 10{sup -4} {omega}{sup -1} cm{sup -1} at 600 deg. C at an oxygen partial pressure of 10{sup -5} atm.

  13. Lu.sub.1-xI.sub.3:Ce.sub.x-a scintillator for gamma-ray spectroscopy and time-of-flight pet

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Shah, Kanai S. (Newton, MA)

    2008-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention includes very fast scintillator materials including lutetium iodide doped with Cerium (Lu.sub.1-xI.sub.3:Ce.sub.x; LuI.sub.3:Ce). The LuI.sub.3 scintillator material has surprisingly good characteristics including high light output, high gamma-ray stopping efficiency, fast response, low cost, good proportionality, and minimal afterglow that the material is useful for gamma-ray spectroscopy, medical imaging, nuclear and high energy physics research, diffraction, non-destructive testing, nuclear treaty verification and safeguards, and geological exploration.

  14. Computing in SCienCe & engineering This arTicle has been peer-reviewed. 13 R e p r o d u c i b l e R e s e a r c h

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    LeVeque, Randy

    Computing in SCienCe & engineering This arTicle has been peer-reviewed. 13 R e p r o d u c i b l e as well as some efforts and approaches to overcome them. #12;14 Computing in SCienCe & engineering in 2011; a panel discussion at the International Biometric Society meeting in 2011 featured re- producibility

  15. Hydrogen activation, diffusion, and clustering on CeO{sub 2}(111): A DFT+U study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fernández-Torre, Delia [Departamento de Física Teórica de la Materia Condensada, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, E-28049 Madrid (Spain); Instituto de Estructura de la Materia, CSIC, C/ Serrano 121, E-28006 Madrid (Spain); Carrasco, Javier [CIC Energigune, Albert Einstein 48, 01510 Miñano, Álava (Spain); Instituto de Catálisis y Petroleoquímica, CSIC, C/ Marie Curie 2, E-28049 Madrid (Spain); Ganduglia-Pirovano, M. Verónica [Instituto de Catálisis y Petroleoquímica, CSIC, C/ Marie Curie 2, E-28049 Madrid (Spain); Pérez, Rubén, E-mail: ruben.perez@uam.es [Departamento de Física Teórica de la Materia Condensada, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, E-28049 Madrid (Spain); Condensed Matter Physics Center (IFIMAC), Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, E-28049 Madrid (Spain)

    2014-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a comprehensive density functional theory+U study of the mechanisms underlying the dissociation of molecular hydrogen, and diffusion and clustering of the resulting atomic species on the CeO{sub 2}(111) surface. Contrary to a widely held view based solely on a previous theoretical prediction, our results show conclusively that H{sub 2} dissociation is an activated process with a large energy barrier ?1.0 eV that is not significantly affected by coverage or the presence of surface oxygen vacancies. The reaction proceeds through a local energy minimum – where the molecule is located close to one of the surface oxygen atoms and the H–H bond has been substantially weaken by the interaction with the substrate –, and a transition state where one H atom is attached to a surface O atom and the other H atom sits on-top of a Ce{sup 4+} ion. In addition, we have explored how several factors, including H coverage, the location of Ce{sup 3+} ions as well as the U value, may affect the chemisorption energy and the relative stability of isolated OH groups versus pair and trimer structures. The trimer stability at low H coverages and the larger upward relaxation of the surface O atoms within the OH groups are consistent with the assignment of the frequent experimental observation by non-contact atomic force and scanning tunneling microscopies of bright protrusions on three neighboring surface O atoms to a triple OH group. The diffusion path of isolated H atoms on the surface goes through the adsorption on-top of an oxygen in the third atomic layer with a large energy barrier of ?1.8 eV. Overall, the large energy barriers for both, molecular dissociation and atomic diffusion, are consistent with the high activity and selectivity found recently in the partial hydrogenation of acetylene catalyzed by ceria at high H{sub 2}/C{sub 2}H{sub 2} ratios.

  16. Electronic and thermoelectric properties of Ce{sub 3}Te{sub 4} and La{sub 3}Te{sub 4} computed with density functional theory with on-site Coulomb interaction correction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vo, Trinh; Allmen, Paul von; Huang, Chen-Kuo; Ma, James; Bux, Sabah; Fleurial, Jean-Pierre [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91109 (United States)

    2014-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The electronic properties and Seebeck coefficients of Ce{sub 3}Te{sub 4} and La{sub 3}Te{sub 4} are computed using Density Functional Theory with on-site Coulomb interaction correction. We found that the Seebeck coefficients of Ce{sub 3}Te{sub 4} and La{sub 3}Te{sub 4} are almost equal at temperatures larger than the Curie temperature of Ce{sub 3}Te{sub 4}, and in good agreement with the measurements reported by May et al. [Phys. Rev. B 86, 035135 (2012)]. At temperatures below the Curie temperature, the Seebeck coefficient of Ce{sub 3}Te{sub 4} increases due to the ferromagnetic ordering, which leads the f-electron of Ce to contribute to the Seebeck coefficient in the relevant range of electron concentration.

  17. Adsorbate effects on a mixed-valence compound: Carbon monoxide chemisorption on CeIr/sub 2/

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lindquist, J.M.; Hemminger, J.C.; Lawrence, J.

    1987-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We have studied the effects of stoichiometry change and CO chemisorption on the surface electronic structure of the mixed-valence compound CeIr/sub 2/. We show that the surface iridium to cerium ratio can be varied by changing sample temperature while sputtering. Carbon monoxide is found to adsorb 80% molecularly on the surface and cause a mild surface oxidation which induces a shift of electron density into available cerium f orbitals. Peaks due to the 4sigma, 1..pi.., and 5sigma CO molecular orbitals appear at different binding energies than those due to molecular CO on the pure iridium surface. This binding-energy shift as well as the high percentage of molecular CO on the surface (CO adsorption on pure cerium is completely dissociative) points toward a surface which has lost much of the elemental character of its two constituents upon compound formation.

  18. Adsorbate effects on a mixed-valence compound: carbon monoxide chemisorption on CeIr/sub 2/

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lindquist, J.M.; Hemminger, J.C.

    1987-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The authors studied the effects of stoichiometry change and CO chemisorption on the surface electronic structure of the mixed-valence compound CeIr/sub 2/. It is shown that the surface iridium to cerium ratio can be varied by changing sample temperature while sputtering. Carbon monoxide is found to adsorb 80% molecularly on the surface and cause a mild surface oxidation which induces a shift of electron density into available cerium f orbitals. Peaks due to the 4 sigma, 1 pi, and 5 sigma CO molecular orbitals appear at different binding energies than those due to molecular CO on the pure iridium surface. This binding-energy shift as well as the high percentage of molecular CO on the surface (CO adsorption on pure cerium is completely dissociative) points toward a surface which has lost much of the elemental character of its two constituents upon compound formation.

  19. Effect of CeO{sub 2} buffer layer on the microstructure and magnetic properties of yttrium iron garnet film on Si substrate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yang Qinghui; Zhang Huaiwu; Wen Qiye; Liu Yingli [State Key Laboratory of Electronic Films and Integrated Devices, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu, 610054 (China); Xiao, John Q. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware, 19716 (United States)

    2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Yttrium iron garnet films were grown by radio frequency magnetron sputtering on Si(111) substrate with and without CeO{sub 2} buffer layer, and influence of CeO{sub 2} buffer on the microstructure and magnetic behaviors of the films were investigated. As compared with the film without buffer, a larger saturation magnetizaton (M{sub s}), lower coercive force (H{sub c}), and higher remnant magnetization (M{sub r}) were obtained due to the introduction of CeO{sub 2} layer. The higher M{sub s} results from the denser structure and the smaller content of Fe{sup 2+} ions. The lower H{sub c} and higher M{sub r} can be explained by the small surface roughness and crystal grains size. The film on CeO{sub 2} buffer layer possess fine microstructure and its surface roughness is smaller than the unbuffered films, which provides an increased exchange between the crystal grains and an enhanced spontaneous magnetization effect, leading to the higher remnant magnetization.

  20. UV absorption properties of ceria-modified compositions within the fluorite-type solid solution CeO{sub 2}-Y{sub 6}WO{sub 12}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chevire, Francois [UMR CNRS 6226 'Sciences Chimiques de Rennes', equipe 'Verres et Ceramiques', Universite de Rennes 1, 35042 Rennes cedex (France); Munoz, Francisco [UMR CNRS 6226 'Sciences Chimiques de Rennes', equipe 'Verres et Ceramiques', Universite de Rennes 1, 35042 Rennes cedex (France); Baker, Charles F. [UMR CNRS 6226 'Sciences Chimiques de Rennes', equipe 'Verres et Ceramiques', Universite de Rennes 1, 35042 Rennes cedex (France); Tessier, Franck [UMR CNRS 6226 'Sciences Chimiques de Rennes', equipe 'Verres et Ceramiques', Universite de Rennes 1, 35042 Rennes cedex (France)]. E-mail: Franck.Tessier@univ-rennes1.fr; Larcher, Olivier [UMR CNRS 6226 'Sciences Chimiques de Rennes', equipe 'Verres et Ceramiques', Universite de Rennes 1, 35042 Rennes cedex (France); Boujday, Souhir [Laboratoire d'Ingenierie des Materiaux et des Hautes Pressions, CNRS UPR 1311, Universite Paris 13, 99 Avenue J. B. Clement, 93430 Villetaneuse (France); Colbeau-Justin, Christophe [Laboratoire d'Ingenierie des Materiaux et des Hautes Pressions, CNRS UPR 1311, Universite Paris 13, 99 Avenue J. B. Clement, 93430 Villetaneuse (France); Marchand, Roger [UMR CNRS 6226 'Sciences Chimiques de Rennes', equipe 'Verres et Ceramiques', Universite de Rennes 1, 35042 Rennes cedex (France)

    2006-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A new fluorite-type solid solution domain has been evidenced in the system (1-x) CeO{sub 2}-x/7 Y{sub 6}WO{sub 12}{open_square}{sub 2} using the amorphous citrate route. All the studied phases (0{<=}x{<=}1) crystallize in a cubic-type symmetry. Diffuse reflectance spectra reveal a strong optical absorption between 380 and 400 nm. All substituted compositions spectral selectivities are estimated suitable for application as inorganic UV absorbers. The non linear variation observed in the optical gap values between Y{sub 6}WO{sub 12} and CeO{sub 2} is attributed to the presence of the cerium 4f-block band. Additionally, Time Resolved Microwave Conductivity (TRMC) experiment and phenol photodegradation analyses carried out on the Ce{sub 0.81}Y{sub 0.16}W{sub 0.03}O{sub 1.95}{open_square}{sub 0.05} (x=0.19) composition do not indicate any photocalatytic activity for this material. - Graphical abstract: Diffuse reflectance spectra of the Ce-Y-W-O samples calcined at 1000 deg. C.

  1. TP HTML -CSS -PHP -POSTGRESQL Le but de ce TP est de complter les fichiers fournis pour raliser une micro application interactive qui

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ligozat, Anne-Laure

    TP HTML - CSS - PHP - POSTGRESQL Le but de ce TP est de compléter les fichiers fournis pour afficher (fichiers .html ou .php). · Enregistrez dans votre home l'archive contenant les fichiers du TP à partir de http://perso.limsi.fr/annlor/enseignement/ensiie/pw/tpPHP.tar · Extrayez de l'archive le

  2. The Institute for Integrated Cell-Material Sciences (iCeMS) was founded in 2007 as part of a government program called the World Premier International

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takada, Shoji

    , Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) of Japan. The fund provides a total of 6 million dollars per year science. iCeMS is one of nine WPI centers throughout Japan and boasts eighteen world-renowned principal investigators, who are leading experts in cell biology, chemistry, and physics. Notably, Kyoto University Center

  3. Electronic Structure of CeFeAsO1-xFx (x=0, 0.11/x=0.12) compounds

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bondino, F.; Magnano, E.; Booth, C. H.; Offi, F.; Panaccione, G.; Malvestuto, M.; Paolicelli, G.; Simonelli, L.; Parmigiani, F.; McGuire, M. A.; Sefat, A. S.; Sales, B. C.; Jin, R.; Vilmercati, P.; Mandrus, D.; Singh, D. J.; Mannella, N.

    2011-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

    We report an extensive study on the intrinsic bulk electronic structure of the high-temperature superconductor CeFeAsO{sub 0.89}F{sub 0.11} and its parent compound CeFeAsO by soft and hard x-ray photoemission, x-ray absorption and soft-x-ray emission spectroscopies. The complementary surface/bulk probing depth, and the elemental and chemical sensitivity of these techniques allows resolving the intrinsic electronic structure of each element and correlating it with the local structure, which has been probed by extended-x-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy. The measurements indicate a predominant 4f{sup 1} (i.e. Ce{sup 3+}) initial state configuration for Cerium and an effective valence-band-to-4f charge-transfer screening of the core hole. The spectra also reveal the presence of a small Ce f{sup 0} initial state configuration, which we assign to the occurrence of an intermediate valence state. The data reveal a reasonably good agreement with the partial density of states as obtained in standard density functional calculations over a large energy range. Implications for the electronic structure of these materials are discussed.

  4. Un atlas smantique pour le cerveau Un des buts principaux de ce projet est le dveloppement d'un outil qui permettra

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Institut des Sciences Cognitives, CNRS

    Un atlas sémantique pour le cerveau Un des buts principaux de ce projet est le développement d construire des représentations sémantiques à partir de large corpus de textes (les Atlas sémantiques (AS

  5. VI INTERNATIONAL TELECOMMUNICATIONS SYMPOSIUM (ITS2006), SEPTEMBER 3-6, 2006, FORTALEZA-CE, BRAZIL 1 Fringe Benefits of the H.264/AVC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Queiroz, Ricardo L.

    of the Motion Picture Experts Groups (MPEG) from the International Standards Organization (ISO) and of the VideoVI INTERNATIONAL TELECOMMUNICATIONS SYMPOSIUM (ITS2006), SEPTEMBER 3-6, 2006, FORTALEZA-CE, BRAZIL, and Tiago A. Fonseca Abstract-- H.264/AVC is the newest, state-of-the-art, video compression standard

  6. Effect of CeO{sub 2} addition on the properties of FeAl based alloy produced by mechanical alloying technique

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Khaerudini, Deni S.; Muljadi,; Sardjono, P.; Tetuko, Anggito P.; Sebayang, P.; Ginting, M. [Research Center for Physics, Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI) Gd. 440, Kawasan Puspiptek Serpong Tangerang 15314 Banten (Indonesia)] [Research Center for Physics, Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI) Gd. 440, Kawasan Puspiptek Serpong Tangerang 15314 Banten (Indonesia)

    2013-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Iron aluminides based on FeAl is notable for their low materials cost, ease of fabrication and good corrosion, suffixation and oxidation resistance. However, the application based on these unique properties still require the development of Fe-Al based alloy since it shows some drawbacks such as a lack of high temperature strength and low ductility. To improve the mechanical properties of FeAl based alloy, ceria (CeO{sub 2}) will be added to this compound. FeAl based alloy produced by the mechanical alloying (MA) technique. The developed specimens then assessed with respect to oxidation behaviour in high temperature, scale microstructure and hardness. The surface morphologies of the alloy evaluated and observed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) with an energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX). The phase structures of oxide scale formed on them were identified by X-ray diffraction (XRD). The results found that the FeAl intermetallic compound containing CeO{sub 2} 0.5 wt.% is less pores and CeO{sub 2} 1.0 wt.% is more homogen in powder and solid form, higher hardness and increase in their resistance to oxidation behaviour in high temperature compared with another percentage of CeO{sub 2}.

  7. IFT1227, Architecture des ordinateurs 1: Ce devoir vous permet de manipuler les robots equipes de la -chip PIC18F4550 presentes en demo.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Michel

    IFT1227, Architecture des ordinateurs 1: Devoir 3 Ce devoir vous permet de manipuler les robots robot soit attir´e ou suive une lumi`ere relativement forte (une lampe de poche ou autre mise devant lui). 1 Comportement basique Votre programme devra fournir le comportement suivant : ­ Quand le robot

  8. plan de polarisation de 18', en sens contraire du courant qui anime l'lecuro-aimant. On peut comparer ce rsultat avec l'effet produit

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    celle que produit directement l'acier, ce qui donne pour l'effet de la lame 50' au lieu de 48', nombre un champ magnétique et du phénomène de Peltier. L'expérience de M. Hall est répétée au moyen d

  9. CE IGCC Repowering Project: Use of the Lockheed Kinetic Extruder for coal feeding; Topical report, June 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ABB CE is evaluating alternate methods of coal feed across a pressure barrier for its pressurized coal gasification process. The Lockheed Kinetic Extruder has shown to be one of the most promising such developments. In essence, the Kinetic Extruder consists of a rotor in a pressure vessel. Coal enters the rotor and is forced outward to the surrounding pressure vessel by centrifugal force. The force on the coal passing across the rotor serves as a pressure barrier. Should this technology be successfully developed and tested, it could reduce the cost of IGCC technology by replacing the large lockhoppers conventionally used with a much smaller system. This will significantly decrease the size of the gasifier island. Kinetic Extruder technology needs testing over an extended period of time to develop and prove the long term reliability and performance needed in a commercial application. Major issues to be investigated in this program are component design for high temperatures, turn-down, scale-up factors, and cost. Such a test would only be economically feasible if it could be conducted on an existing plant. This would defray the cost of power and feedstock. Such an installation was planned for the CE IGCC Repowering Project in Springfield, Illinois. Due to budgetary constraints, however, this provision was dropped from the present plant design. It is believed that, with minor design changes, a small scale test version of the Kinetic Extruder could be installed parallel to an existing lockhopper system without prior space allocation. Kinetic Extruder technology represents significant potential cost savings to the IGCC process. For this reason, a test program similar to that specified for the Springfield project would be a worthwhile endeavor.

  10. The geology of the Gus area, Burleson county, Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Napp, Donald Edward

    1956-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ! r ossiiig ?fteriiurds t!ic lira, . ns, 'iot !lad il stil. i bcttci oli!JM'tuiiit) oii iiloii:, t?c . '. Leep Luii. s oi' t!iis of br'. i icrrugi;ioiis saiidsto!ic Jilust ic clays i !iut'i tcc!, ' 'i'" y It:i !leif!&ri? (18'84) discussed brieflv...

  11. OC_IC_DIGITAL.indd

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas Conchas recoveryLaboratory | NationalJohnSecurityControls |NavyNuclearLife Users EnergyISSN

  12. GENERAL@ELECTtiIC COMPINY

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartment ofDepartment ofof EnergyYou$ EGcG ENERGYELIkNATION REPORTFairfield,? . - G F+j

  13. 2011 Annual IC Assessment Report

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartment ofDepartment ofof EnergyYou$0.C. 20545 OCTTO:March_ ,'I- i. :Institutional

  14. 891070-9932/142014IEEE sEptEmbEr 2014 IEEE rObOtICs & AUtOmAtION mAGAZINE By Yaroslav Tenzer, Leif P. Jentoft, and Robert D. Howe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    891070-9932/14©2014IEEE sEptEmbEr 2014 · IEEE rObOtICs & AUtOmAtION mAGAZINE · The Feel of MEMS available for a wide range of robotics and human-interface applications. Background Tactile sensing, such as the location of object contacts on the robot hand and contact pressure distribution, are believed

  15. Gold, Copper, and Platinum Nanoparticles Dispersed on CeOx/TiO2(110) Surfaces: High Water-Gas Shift Activity and the Nature of the Mixed-Metal Oxide at the Nanometer Level

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Park, J.; Graciani, J; Evans, J; Stacchiola, D; Senanayake, S; Barrio, L; Liu, P; Fdez. Sanz, J; Hrbek, J; Rodriguez, J

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    At small coverages of ceria on TiO{sub 2}(110), the CeO{sub x} nanoparticles have an unusual coordination mode. Scanning tunneling microscopy and density-functional calculations point to the presence of Ce{sub 2}O{sub 3} dimers, which form diagonal arrays that have specific orientations of 0, 24, and 42{sup o} with respect to the [1 -1 0] direction of the titania substrate. At high coverages of ceria on TiO{sub 2}(110), the surface exhibits two types of terraces. In one type, the morphology is not very different from that observed at low ceria coverage. However, in the second type of terrace, there is a compact array of ceria particles with structures that do not match the structures of CeO{sub 2}(111) or CeO{sub 2}(110). The titania substrate imposes on the ceria nanoparticles nontypical coordination modes, enhancing their chemical reactivity. This phenomenon leads to a larger dispersion of supported metal nanoparticles (M = Au, Cu, Pt) and makes possible the direct participation of the oxide in catalytic reactions. The M/CeO{sub x}/TiO{sub 2}(110) surfaces display an extremely high catalytic activity for the water-gas shift reaction that follows the sequence Au/CeO{sub x}/TiO{sub 2}(110) < Cu/CeO{sub x}/TiO{sub 2}(110) < Pt/CeO{sub x}/TiO{sub 2}(110). For low coverages of Cu and CeO{sub x}, Cu/CeO{sub x}/TiO{sub 2}(110) is 8-12 times more active than Cu(111) or Cu/ZnO industrial catalysts. In the M/CeO{sub x}/TiO{sub 2}(110) systems, there is a strong coupling of the chemical properties of the admetal and the mixed-metal oxide: The adsorption and dissociation of water probably take place on the oxide, CO adsorbs on the admetal nanoparticles, and all subsequent reaction steps occur at the oxide-admetal interface. The high catalytic activity of the M/CeO{sub x}/TiO{sub 2}(110) surfaces reflects the unique properties of the mixed-metal oxide at the nanometer level.

  16. Gold, Copper and Platinum Nanoparticles Dispersed on CeOx/TiO2(110) Surfaces: High Water-Gas Shift Activity and the Nature of the Mixed-Metal Oxide at the Nanometer Level

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rodriguez, J.A.; Park, J.B.; Graciani, J.; Evans, J.; Stacchiola, D.; Senanayake, S.D.; Barrio, L.; Liu, P.; Sanz, J.F.; Hrbek, J.

    2010-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

    At small coverages of ceria on TiO{sub 2}(110), the CeO{sub x} nanoparticles have an unusual coordination mode. Scanning tunneling microscopy and density-functional calculations point to the presence of Ce{sub 2}O{sub 3} dimers, which form diagonal arrays that have specific orientations of 0, 24, and 42{sup o} with respect to the [1 -1 0] direction of the titania substrate. At high coverages of ceria on TiO{sub 2}(110), the surface exhibits two types of terraces. In one type, the morphology is not very different from that observed at low ceria coverage. However, in the second type of terrace, there is a compact array of ceria particles with structures that do not match the structures of CeO{sub 2}(111) or CeO{sub 2}(110). The titania substrate imposes on the ceria nanoparticles nontypical coordination modes, enhancing their chemical reactivity. This phenomenon leads to a larger dispersion of supported metal nanoparticles (M = Au, Cu, Pt) and makes possible the direct participation of the oxide in catalytic reactions. The M/CeO{sub x}/TiO{sub 2}(110) surfaces display an extremely high catalytic activity for the water-gas shift reaction that follows the sequence Au/CeO{sub x}/TiO{sub 2}(110) < Cu/CeO{sub x}/TiO{sub 2}(110) < Pt/CeO{sub x}/TiO{sub 2}(110). For low coverages of Cu and CeO{sub x}, Cu/CeO{sub x}/TiO{sub 2}(110) is 8-12 times more active than Cu(111) or Cu/ZnO industrial catalysts. In the M/CeO{sub x}/TiO{sub 2}(110) systems, there is a strong coupling of the chemical properties of the admetal and the mixed-metal oxide: The adsorption and dissociation of water probably take place on the oxide, CO adsorbs on the admetal nanoparticles, and all subsequent reaction steps occur at the oxide-admetal interface. The high catalytic activity of the M/CeO{sub x}/TiO{sub 2}(110) surfaces reflects the unique properties of the mixed-metal oxide at the nanometer level.

  17. Substitution effect on the magnetic and transport properties of CeNi{sub 0.8?x}Mn{sub x}Bi{sub 2}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kim, Soo-Whan; Lee, Kyujoon; Jung, Myung-Hwa, E-mail: mhjung@sognag.ac.kr [Department of Physics, Sogang University, Seoul 121-742 (Korea, Republic of); Adroja, D. T. [ISIS Facility, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Didcot, Oxon OX11 0QX (United Kingdom); Highly Correlated Matter Research Group, Physics Department, University of Johannesburg, P.O. Box 524, Auckland Park 2006 (South Africa); Demmel, F.; Taylor, J. W. [ISIS Facility, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Chilton, Didcot, Oxon OX11 0QX (United Kingdom)

    2014-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

    We report the results of Mn substitution for Ni in CeNi{sub 0.8}Bi{sub 2} (i.e., CeNi{sub 0.8?x}Mn{sub x}Bi{sub 2}). All the samples have an antiferromagnetic ordered state below T{sub N}?=?5.0?K due to localized 4f-magnetic moment on the Ce ions. Besides this antiferromagnetic ordering caused by Ce, the magnetic and transport properties are abruptly changed with increasing Mn contents at the boundary composition of x?=?0.4. The magnetic state is changed into a ferromagnetic state around 200?K for x?>?0.4, where the electrical resistivity is strongly suppressed to become simple metallic. These results of ferromagnetism and metallicity can be explained by the double exchange mechanism, rather than the simple picture of Doniach phase diagram. The mixed valence states of Ni and Mn ions are confirmed by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. For x???0.4, the initial Ni{sup 3+} state gradually changes to the Ni{sup 2+} state with increasing x up to 0.4. On further increase of x?>?0.4, the Ni{sup 2+} state is replaced by the Mn{sup 2+} state, which gradually changes to the final Mn{sup 3+} state. We also present an inelastic neutron scattering (INS) measurements on CeNi{sub 0.8}Bi{sub 2} (i.e., x?=?0) between 1.2 and 12?K. The high energy INS study reveals the presence of two well-defined crystal electric field (CEF) excitations near 9?meV and 19?meV at 1.2?K and 6?K, while the low energy INS study reveals the presence of quasielastic scattering above 4?K. We will discuss our INS results of CeNi{sub 0.8}Bi{sub 2} based on the CEF model.

  18. Role of dopant incorporation on the magnetic properties of Ce1-xNixO2 nanoparticles: An electron paramagnetic resonance study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Misra, S. K.; Andronenko, S. I.; Engelhard, Mark H.; Thurber, Aaron P.; Reddy, K. M.; Punnoose, Alex

    2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Nickel doping has been found to produce weak room-temperature ferromagnetism in CeO2 [1]. The saturation magnetization of the chemically synthesized Ce1-xNixO2 samples showed a maximum for x = 0.04, above which the magnetization decreased gradually. For Ce1-xNixO2 samples with x ? 0.04, an activation process involving slow annealing of the sample to 500 oC increased the saturation magnetization by more than two orders of magnitude [1]. However, no such activation effect was observed in samples with x < 0.04. Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR), a sensitive technique to investigate the ionic states and local environments and interactions, has been used here in this work to investigate (i) why the ferromagnetic behavior gradually weakened and disappeared for x > 0.04 and (ii)_what causes the saturation magnetization to dramatically increase in the activated Ce1-xNixO2 samples with x ? 0.04 and why this process is absent in samples with x < 0.04. Our X-band (~9.4 GHz) EPR experiments and detailed simulation analysis on several as-prepared Ce1-xNixO2 samples with 0.01 ? x ? 0.10 at 5 K and 300 K indicate the presence of two magnetically inequivalent Ni2+ ions with the ionic spin of 1, one Ce3+ ion with spin ½, and three O2-. Spectra of samples with x < 0.04 are dominated by a single Ni2+ EPR line ascribed to dopant ions in substitutional sites whereas in samples with x ? 0.04, an additional signal attributed to Ni2+ ions in interstitial sites is also present. In the activated sample, the EPR line due to the interstitial Ni2+ is completely absent and only the lines due to substituional Ni2+ ions are present suggesting that the enhanced ferromagnetism results from conversion of interstitial Ni2+ ions to substitutional sites.

  19. Powder preparation and UV absorption properties of selected compositions in the CeO{sub 2}-Y{sub 2}O{sub 3} system

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tessier, Franck [UMR CNRS 6226 'Sciences Chimiques de Rennes', equipe 'Verres et Ceramiques', Universite de Rennes 1, 35042 Rennes cedex (France)], E-mail: Franck.Tessier@univ-rennes1.fr; Chevire, Francois; Munoz, Francisco; Merdrignac-Conanec, Odile; Marchand, Roger [UMR CNRS 6226 'Sciences Chimiques de Rennes', equipe 'Verres et Ceramiques', Universite de Rennes 1, 35042 Rennes cedex (France); Bouchard, Michel; Colbeau-Justin, Christophe [Laboratoire d'Ingenierie des Materiaux et des Hautes Pressions, CNRS UPR 1311, Universite Paris 13, 99 Avenue J.B. Clement, 93430 Villetaneuse (France)

    2008-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Several approaches have been investigated to prepare fluorite-type compositions within the (1-x) CeO{sub 2}-xYO{sub 1.5} system. The optical properties of the resulting modified-ceria materials have been characterized in order to evaluate their potential abilities as inorganic UV absorbers. Diffuse reflectance analyses reveal a strong optical absorption between 390 and 400 nm for all substituted compositions and the spectral selectivities are estimated suitable for the targeted application. Additionally, time resolved microwave conductivity (TRMC) and phenol photodegradation analyses do not indicate any photocalatytic activity for these compositions. Aqueous colloidal suspensions of the Ce{sub 0.7}Y{sub 0.3}O{sub 1.85} UV absorber have been carried out. - Graphical abstract: Comparison between diffuse reflectance spectra of ceria (x=0) and yttrium modified ceria (x=0.3)

  20. Lu1-xI3:Cex--a scintillator for gamma ray spectroscopy and time-of-flight PET

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Shah, Kanai S.

    2007-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention concerns very fast scintillator materials comprising lutetium iodide doped with Cerium (Lu1-xI3:Cex; LuI3:Ce). The LuI3 scintillator material has surprisingly good characteristics including high light output, high gamma ray stopping efficiency, fast response, low cost, good proportionality, and minimal afterglow that the material is useful for gamma ray spectroscopy, medical imaging, nuclear and high energy physics research, diffraction, non-destructive testing, nuclear treaty verification and safeguards, and geological exploration. The timing resolution of the scintillators of the present invention provide compositions capable of resolving the position of an annihilation event within a portion of a human body cross-section.

  1. Fabrication of CeO2 by sol-gel process based on microfluidic technology as an analog preparation of ceramic nuclear fuel microspheres

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bin Ye; Jilang Miao; Jiaolong Li; Zichen Zhao; Zhenqi Chang; Christophe A. Serra

    2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Microfluidics integrated with sol-gel processes is introduced in preparing monodispersed MOX nuclear fuel microspheres using nonactive cerium as a surrogate for uranium or plutonium. The detailed information about microfluidic devices and sol-gel processes are provided. The effects of viscosity and flow rate of continuous and dispersed phase on size and size distribution of CeO2 microspheres have been investigated. A comprehensive characterization of the CeO2 microspheres has been conducted, including XRD pattern, SEM, density, size and size distribution. The size of prepared monodisperse particles can be controlled precisely in range of 10{\\mu}m to 1000{\\mu}m and the particle CV is below 3%.

  2. CO chemisorption effect on cerium initial and final states in the core level photoelectron spectrum of CeIr

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lindquist, J.M.; Hemminger, J.C.

    1987-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Carbon monoxide (CO) adsorption on the mixed-valence compound CeIr/sub 2/ has been studied by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. CO adsorption on this surface is predominantly molecular. They show that changes in the cerium 3d spectrum upon CO chemisorption may be separated into initial- and final-state effects. In the initial state, stabilization of the (Xe)(5d6s)/sup 3/4f/sup 1/ configuration occurs due to an increase in effective nuclear charge on the cerium atom. This leads to a decrease in f/sup 0/ intensity in the recorded spectrum. Increased f-electron repulsion in the final state raises the energy of the f/sup 2/ final-state configuration and causes a 2.2-eV shift to higher binding energy of the 3d/sub 5/2/f/sup 2/ peak. The 0.5-eV binding energy shifts of the 3d/sub 5/2/f/sup 1/ and 3d/sub 3/2/f/sup 1/ peaks along with the 2.2-eV shift of the 3d/sub 5/2/f/sup 2/ peak indicate that the f orbitals are quite sensitive indicators of the surface oxidation state in this compound.

  3. Contact Undergraduate Admissions Office | Tel +44 (0)117 928 8154 Email socsci-ug-admissions@bristol.ac.uk 54 ACCOUnTing And FinAnCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Subramanian, Sriram

    -ug-admissions@bristol.ac.uk 54 ACCOUnTing And FinAnCE FACULTY oF soCiAL sCienCes And LAw bristol.ac.uk Accounting and Finance As one of the UK's leading departments for Accounting and Finance, we offer you the opportunity to study and their application skills. bristol.ac.uk/accounting Why study Accounting and Finance at Bristol? Bristol has

  4. In : John Tolan (d.), L'change, Paris, L'harmattan, 2009, pp. 201-214 Qu'est-ce qu'un change marchand ? Proposition de trois

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    marchand ? Proposition de trois définitions cumulatives pour l'analyse Ronan Le Velly Qu'est-ce qu'un échange marchand ? Cette question en apparence anodine a suggéré des réponses très différentes en sciences participent ou se tiennent à l'écart du système marchand (partie 3). 1. Le marché comme catégorie de

  5. TUDE DES ISOTONES N = 81 : 139Ce, 141Nd, 143Sm, AU MOYEN DES RACTIONS (d, t ) ET (3He, 03B1)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    'energie et la fragmentation de ces 6tats en fonction du nombre de protons. Le pick-up d'un neutron sur les'à plus de 3 MeV d'énergie d'excitation, essentiellement au moyen d'un spectromètre magnétique splitpole MeV excitation energy, of the N = 81 isotones : 139Ce, 141Nd, 143 Sm, have been studied at the Orsay

  6. High Activity of Ce1-xNixO2-y for H2 Production through Ethanol Steam Reforming: Tuning Catalytic Performance through Metal-Oxide Interactions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    G Zhou; L Barrio; S Agnoli; S Senanayake; J Evans; A Kubacka; M Estrella; J Hanson; A Martinez-Arias; et al.

    2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The importance of the oxide: Ce{sub 0.8}Ni{sub 0.2}O{sub 2-y} is an excellent catalyst for ethanol steam reforming. Metal-oxide interactions perturb the electronic properties of the small particles of metallic nickel present in the catalyst under the reaction conditions and thus suppress any methanation activity. The nickel embedded in ceria induces the formation of O vacancies, which facilitate cleavage of the OH bonds in ethanol and water.

  7. Study of oxygen reduction mechanism on Ag modified1 Sm1.8Ce0.2CuO4 cathode for solid oxide fuel cell2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    to oxygen dissociation and diffusion process.26 KEYWORDS: Solid oxide fuel cell; Silver infiltration-time of the cell/stack/module as well as to reduce the cost of the materials. So32 far, many studies have beenStudy of oxygen reduction mechanism on Ag modified1 Sm1.8Ce0.2CuO4 cathode for solid oxide fuel

  8. Electronic structure analysis and properties of Sr{sub 2}CeO{sub 4} grown by sol–gel method

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Talik, E., E-mail: talik@us.edu.pl [Institute of Physics, University of Silesia, ul. Uniwersytecka 4, 40-007 Katowice (Poland); Lipi?ska, L. [Institute of Electronic Materials Technology, ul. Wólczy?ska 133, 01-919 Warszawa (Poland)] [Institute of Electronic Materials Technology, ul. Wólczy?ska 133, 01-919 Warszawa (Poland); Skrzypek, D. [Institute of Physics, University of Silesia, ul. Uniwersytecka 4, 40-007 Katowice (Poland)] [Institute of Physics, University of Silesia, ul. Uniwersytecka 4, 40-007 Katowice (Poland); Skuta, A. [Institute of Physics, University of Silesia, ul. Uniwersytecka 4, 40-007 Katowice (Poland) [Institute of Physics, University of Silesia, ul. Uniwersytecka 4, 40-007 Katowice (Poland); Institute of Electronic Materials Technology, ul. Wólczy?ska 133, 01-919 Warszawa (Poland); Zajdel, P.; Guzik, A.; Duda, H. [Institute of Physics, University of Silesia, ul. Uniwersytecka 4, 40-007 Katowice (Poland)] [Institute of Physics, University of Silesia, ul. Uniwersytecka 4, 40-007 Katowice (Poland)

    2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Highlights: ? Sr{sub 2}CeO{sub 4} nanopowders were obtained by sol–gel method. ? SEM/EDX imaging and chemical analysis have been done. ? XPS electronic structure was examined and discussed. ? The terminal and equatorial Ce-O bonds contributions were determined in O2p states. ? The energy gap was estimated by valence band and electrical measurements. -- Abstract: Sr{sub 2}CeO{sub 4} is a very promising material due to its various industrial applications, e.g. for the construction of field emission displays and light emitting diodes. In this work, the phosphor was synthesized by the sol–gel method and characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) methods. They proved to be very good structural properties of the material and identified negligible impurities from the technological process. The decomposition of the surface of the nanocrystals was found but this did not decrease the spectral features of the compound. The analysis of the XPS O2p lines revealed contributions of two kinds of bonds: terminal and equatorial ones, in the ratio of 2/4. They are separated by 1.2 eV what is in agreement with the observed absorption spectra. A presence of the decomposed layers may produce asymmetric widening of the emission spectra towards a lower energy.

  9. Optical and magneto-optical properties of Co-doped CeO{sub 2??} films in the 0.5 to 4?eV range

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Veis, M., E-mail: veis@karlov.mff.cuni.cz; Kucera, M.; Zahradnik, M.; Antos, R. [Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University in Prague, Ke Karlovu 5, 12116 Prague (Czech Republic); Mistrik, J. [Faculty of Chemical Technology, University of Pardubice, 53210 Pardubice (Czech Republic); Bi, Lei; Kim, Hyun-Suk; Dionne, G. F.; Ross, C. A. [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States)

    2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Magnetically doped Ce{sub 1?x}Co{sub x}O{sub 2??} (nominal x?=?0.05 and 0.10) films were systematically studied by spectroscopic ellipsometry and magneto-optical spectroscopy. The samples were prepared by pulsed laser deposition on MgO(100) substrates and grew as textured polycrystalline films with thickness between 200 and 750?nm. They exhibited room temperature ferromagnetism and an out-of-plane easy axis attributed to magnetoelastic effects from the in-plane compressive strain. The dispersion of dielectric function of Ce{sub 1?x}Co{sub x}O{sub 2??} films was parametrized by the sum of Tauc-Lorentz and damped Lorentz oscillators and adjusted numerically. Deduced optical band gaps were similar to those of pure CeO{sub 2}, but the Co doping increased the optical absorption. The magneto-optical spectroscopy was carried out in both Faraday and Kerr configurations in the photon energy range from 0.5 to 4?eV, showing a strong dependence of the magneto-optical effect on the Co content near the optical band edge.

  10. Si le vide absolu existe droite du piston A et qu'on l'abandonne lui-mme, ce piston prend une vitesse qui crot avec le temps et

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    83 Si le vide absolu existe à droite du piston A et qu'on l'abandonne à lui-même, ce piston prend, on imprime au piston A une vitesse progressivement croissante et dirigée de manière à dilater le gaz. Quel que soit le mouvement imprimé à ce piston, pourvu que sa vitesse varie d'une manière continue, le vide

  11. In Situ Studies of the Active Sites for the Water Gas Shift Reaction over Cu-CeO2 Catalysts: Complex Interaction Between Metallic Copper and Oxygen Vacancies of Ceria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang,X.; Rodriguez, J.; Hanson, J.; Gamarra, D.; Martinez-Arias, A.; Fernandez-Garcia, M.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    New information about the active sites for the water gas shift (WGS) reaction over Cu-CeO{sub 2} systems was obtained using in-situ, time-resolved X-ray diffraction (TR-XRD), X-ray absorption spectroscopy (TR-XAS, Cu K and Ce L3 edges), and infrared spectroscopy (DRIFTS). Cu-CeO{sub 2} nanoparticles prepared by a novel reversed microemulsion method (doped Ce1-xCuxO2 sample) and an impregnation method (impregnated CuO{sub x}/CeO{sub 2} sample) were studied. The results from all of the samples indicate that both metallic copper and oxygen vacancies in ceria were involved in the generation of active sites for the WGS reaction. Evidence was found for a synergistic Cu-O vacancy interaction. This interaction enhances the chemical activity of Cu, and the presence of Cu facilitates the formation of O vacancies in ceria under reaction conditions. Water dissociation occurred on the O vacancy sites or the Cu-O vacancy interface. No significant amounts of formate were formed on the catalysts during the WGS reaction. The presence of strongly bound carbonates is an important factor for the deactivation of the catalysts at high temperatures. This work identifies for the first time the active sites for the WGS reaction on Cu-CeO{sub 2} catalysts and illustrates the importance of in situ structural studies for heterogeneous catalytic reactions.

  12. The Reaction of bis(1,2,4-tri-t-butylcyclopentadienyl)ceriumbenzyl, Cp'2CeCH2Ph with Methylhalides: a Metathesis Reaction that does not proceed by a Metathesis Transition State

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Werkema, Evan; Andersen, Richard; Maron, Laurent; Eisenstein, Odile

    2009-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The experimental reaction between [1,2,4-(Me3C)3C5H2]2CeCH2Ph and CH3X, X = F, Cl, Br, and I, yields the metathetical exchange products, [1,2,4-(Me3C)3C5H2]2CeX and CH3CH2Ph. The reaction is complicated by the equilibrium between the benzyl derivative and the metallacycle [[1,2,4-(Me3C)3C5H2] [(Me3C)2C5H2C(CH3)2CH2]Ce, plus toluene since the metallacycle reacts with CH3X. Labelling studies show that the methyl group of the methylhalide is transferred intact to the benzyl group. The mechanism, as revealed by DFT calculations on (C5H5)2CeCH2Ph and CH3F, does not proceed by way of a four-center mechanism, (sigma-bond metathesis) but a lower barrier process involves a haptotropic shift of the Cp2Ce fragment so that at the transition state the para-carbon of the benzene ring is attached to the Cp2Ce fragment while the CH2 fragment of the benzyl group attacks CH3F that is activated by coordination to the metal ion. As a result the mechanism is classified as an associative interchange process.

  13. Spectroscopic study of a Cu/CeO{sub 2} catalyst subjected to redox treatments in carbon monoxide and oxygen

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martinez-Arias, A.; Fernandez-Garcia, M.; Soria, J.; Conesa, J.C. [CSIC, Madrid (Spain). Instituto de Catalisis y Petroleoquimica] [CSIC, Madrid (Spain). Instituto de Catalisis y Petroleoquimica

    1999-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Redox processes induced by interaction of a calcined Cu/CeO{sub 2} catalyst with CO and reoxidation with O{sub 2} have been investigated by CO-TPR, EPR, FTIR of adsorbed CO, and XPS. The initial calcined samples shows the presence of dispersed Cu{sup 2+} species, which give rise in the EPR spectrum to signals due to isolated entities, a somewhat more aggregated Cu{sup 2+}-containing phase, and copper ionic pairs, in coexistence with an EPR-silent CuO-type phase, revealed by XPS. A significant reduction of copper is produced already by contact with CO at room temperature, EPR results suggesting that reducibility of Cu{sup 2+} species decreases with their aggregation degree. Simultaneously, the ceria surface is also reduced by this interaction, copper acting as a strong promoter of this process. A singular consequence of the synergistic reduction of both components is observed by subjecting the catalyst to CO at T{sub r} {ge} 473 K, at which the CO adsorption capability of copper is apparently suppressed, in view of the absence of copper carbonyls in the FTIR spectrum. This is attributed to the establishment of electronic interactions between reduced ceria and small metallic copper particles generated by the reduction process. Contact of the CO-reduced sample with O{sub 2} at room or higher temperature produces an important reoxidation of both copper and ceria, revealed by FTIR and EPR. The synergetic effects between copper and ceria in the reduction process and the easy reoxidation of deeply reduced ceria are thought to be crucial to explaining the high catalytic activity shown by this system for CO oxidation.

  14. In partners EXTENSION CE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ciocan-Fontanine, Ionut

    service Minnesota Local egetables i directors i a n in #12;LOCAL FOOD MARKET IN HEALTHCARE FRUITS AND VEGETABLES IN HEALTHCARE INSTITUTIONS BASED ON A SURVEY OF FOOD SERVICE DIRECTORS IN BECKER of Minnesota Extension conducted a survey of food service directors in Becker, Clay, Otter Tail, and Wilkin

  15. Neutron diffraction study of magnetic field induced behavior in the heavy Fermion Ce3Co4Sn13

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Christianson, Andrew D [ORNL; Goremychkin, E. A. [ISIS Facility, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory; Gardner, J. S. [Indiana University; Kang, H. J. [National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST); Chung, J.-H. [National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST); Manuel, P. [ISIS Facility, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory; Thompson, J. D. [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Sarrao, J. L. [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Lawrence, J. M. [University of California, Irvine

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The specific heat of Ce3Co4Sn13 exhibits a crossover from heavy Fermion behavior with antiferromagnetic correlations at low field to single impurity Kondo behavior above 2 T. We have performed neutron diffraction measurements in magnetic fields up to 6 Tesla on single crystal samples. The (001) position shows a dramatic increase in intensity in field which appears to arise from static polarization of the 4f level and which at 0.14 K also exhibits an anomaly near 2T reflecting the crossover to single impurity behavior.

  16. Synthesis and crystal structure of the isotypic rare earth thioborates Ce[BS{sub 3}], Pr[BS{sub 3}], and Nd[BS{sub 3}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hunger, Jens; Borna, Marija [Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, Noethnitzer Strasse 40, D-01187 Dresden (Germany); Kniep, Ruediger, E-mail: kniep@cpfs.mpg.d [Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, Noethnitzer Strasse 40, D-01187 Dresden (Germany)

    2010-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The orthothioborates Ce[BS{sub 3}], Pr[BS{sub 3}] and Nd[BS{sub 3}] were prepared from mixtures of the rare earth (RE) metals together with amorphous boron and sulfur summing up to the compositions CeB{sub 3}S{sub 6}, PrB{sub 5}S{sub 9} and NdB{sub 3}S{sub 6}. The following preparation routes were used: solid state reactions with maximum temperatures of 1323 K and high-pressure high-temperature syntheses at 1173 K and 3 GPa. Pr[BS{sub 3}] and Nd[BS{sub 3}] were also obtained from rare earth chlorides RECl{sub 3} and sodium thioborate Na{sub 2}B{sub 2}S{sub 5} by metathesis type reactions at maximum temperatures of 1073 K. The crystal structure of the title compounds was determined from X-ray powder diffraction data. The thioborates are isotypic and crystallize in the orthorhombic spacegroup Pna2{sub 1} (No. 33; Z=4; Ce: a=7.60738(6)A, b=6.01720(4)A, c=8.93016(6)A; Pr: a=7.56223(4)A, b=6.00876(2)A, c=8.89747(4)A; Nd: a=7.49180(3)A, b=6.00823(2)A, c=8.86197(3)A) . The crystal structures contain isolated [BS{sub 3}]{sup 3-} groups with boron in trigonal-planar coordination. The sulfur atoms form the vertices of undulated kagome nets, which are stacked along [100] according to the sequence ABAB. Within these nets every second triangle is occupied by boron and the large hexagons are centered by rare earth ions, which are surrounded by overall nine sulfur species. - Abstract: Graphical Abstract Legend (TOC Figure): Table of Contents Figure The isotypic orthothioborates Ce[BS{sub 3}], Pr[BS{sub 3}] and Nd[BS{sub 3}] were prepared using different preparation routes. The crystal structure of the title compounds was determined from X-ray powder diffraction data. The crystal structures contain isolated [BS{sub 3}]{sup 3-} groups with boron in trigonal-planar coordination. The sulfur atoms form the vertices of corrugated kagome nets (sketched with blue dotted lines), which are stacked along [100] according to the sequence ABAB. Within these nets every second triangle is occupied by boron and the large hexagons are centered by rare earth ions, which are surrounded by overall nine sulfur species.

  17. PoPulation Differentiation anD raPiD evolution of egg Color in aCCorDanCe with Solar raDiation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lahti, David C.

    PoPulation Differentiation anD raPiD evolution of egg Color in aCCorDanCe with Solar raDiation Davi, . Diferenciación entre Poblaciones y Evolución Rápida del Color de los Huevos de Acuerdo a la Radiación Solar Uy C P' R d Pm wb, ://www.j. m/I.. DOI: 10.1525/k.2008.07033DOI: 10.1525/k.2008.07033 Bird egg color

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  15. A novel yellow-emitting SrAlSi{sub 4}N{sub 7}:Ce{sup 3+} phosphor for solid state lighting: Synthesis, electronic structure and photoluminescence properties

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ruan, Jian [Sialon Group, Sialon Unit, Environment and Energy Materials Division, National Institute for Materials Science, 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0044 (Japan); Laboratory of Glasses and Nanostructured Functional Materials, 122 Luoshi Road, Wuhan, Hubei 430070 (China); Xie, Rong-Jun, E-mail: Xie.Rong-Jun@nims.go.jp [Sialon Group, Sialon Unit, Environment and Energy Materials Division, National Institute for Materials Science, 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0044 (Japan); Funahashi, Shiro [Sialon Group, Sialon Unit, Environment and Energy Materials Division, National Institute for Materials Science, 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0044 (Japan); Tanaka, Yoshinori [Green Computational Materials Science Group, Global Research Center for Environment and Energy based on Nanomaterials Science (Green), National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), 1-2-1 Sengen, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0044 (Japan); Takeda, Takashi; Suehiro, Takayuki; Hirosaki, Naoto [Sialon Group, Sialon Unit, Environment and Energy Materials Division, National Institute for Materials Science, 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0044 (Japan); Li, Yuan-Qiang [Dow Electronic Materials, 201 Washington Road, Princeton, NJ 08540 (United States)

    2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Ce{sup 3+}-doped and Ce{sup 3+}/Li{sup +}-codoped SrAlSi{sub 4}N{sub 7} phosphors were synthesized by gas pressure sintering of powder mixtures of Sr{sub 3}N{sub 2}, AlN, ?-Si{sub 3}N{sub 4}, CeN and Li{sub 3}N. The phase purity, electronic crystal structure, photoluminescence properties of SrAlSi{sub 4}N{sub 7}:Ce{sup 3+}(Ce{sup 3+}/Li{sup +}) were investigated in this work. The band structure calculated by the DMol{sup 3} code shows that SrAlSi{sub 4}N{sub 7} has a direct band gap of 3.87 eV. The single crystal analysis of Ce{sup 3+}-doped SrAlSi{sub 4}N{sub 7} indicates a disordered Si/Al distribution and nitrogen vacnacy defects. SrAlSi{sub 4}N{sub 7} was identified as a major phase of the fired powders, and Sr{sub 5}Al{sub 5}Si{sub 21}N{sub 35}O{sub 2} and AlN as minor phases. Both Ce{sup 3+} and Ce{sup 3+}/Li{sup +} doped SrAlSi{sub 4}N{sub 7} phosphors can be efficiently excited by near-UV or blue light and show a broadband yellow emission peaking around 565 nm. A highest external quantum efficiency of 38.3% under the 450 nm excitation was observed for the Ce{sup 3+}/Li{sup +}-doped SrAlSi{sub 4}N{sub 7} (5 mol%). A white light LED lamp with color temperature of 6300 K and color rendering index of Ra=78 was achieved by combining Sr{sub 0.97}Al{sub 1.03}Si{sub 3.997}N/94/maccounttest14=t0005{sub 1}8193 {sub 7}:Ce{sup 3+}{sub 0.03} with a commercial blue InGaN chip. It indicates that SrAlSi{sub 4}N{sub 7}:Ce{sup 3+} is a promising yellow emitting down-conversion phosphor for white LEDs. - Graphical abstract: One-phosphor converted white light-emitting diode (LED) was fabricated by combining a blue LED chip and a yellow-emitting SrAlSi4N7:Ce{sup 3+} phosphor (see inset), which has the color rendering index of 78 and color temperature of 6300 K. - Highlights: • We reported a new yellow nitride phosphor suitable for solid state lighting. • We solved the crystal structure and evidenced a disordered Si/Al distribution. • We fabricated a high color rendering white LEDs by using a single SrAlSi4N7:Ce.

  16. Insensitivity of the pressure dependences of characteristic energy scales in Ce1–xRxCoIn? (R=Yb,Y,Gd) to the electronic configuration of the rare-earth ion

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    White, B. D.; Hamlin, J. J.; Huang, K.; Shu, L.; Lum, I. K.; Baumbach, R. E.; Janoschek, M.; Maple, M. B.

    2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Cooperative Ce and Yb valence fluctuations have recently been proposed as the mechanism responsible for stabilizing correlated electron phenomena in Ce??xYbxCoIn? over an unexpectedly large range of concentrations. In order to better understand the origins and character of this stability, we have measured the effect of applied pressure on relevant energy scales such as the superconducting critical (Tc) and Kondo-lattice coherence (T*) temperatures of Ce??xRxCoIn? with R=Yb, Y, and Gd. Electrical resistivity measurements were performed under applied pressure on samples doped with intermediate-valent Yb and stable-valent Gd and Y, and the responses of Tc and T* to increased pressure in these systems are compared. The character of Tc(P) and T*(P) in Ce??xRxCoIn? depends only on their respective ambient-pressure values Tc(0) and T*(0), independent of the electronic configuration of R or concentration x. The consequences of this result are discussed within the context of possible cooperative valence fluctuations in Ce??xYbxCoIn?.

  17. CO chemisorption effects on cerium initial and final states in the core-level photoelectron spectrum of CeIr/sub 2/

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lindquist, J.M.; Hemminger, J.C.

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Carbon monoxide (CO) adsorption on the mixed-valence compound CeIr/sub 2/ has been studied by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. CO adsorption on this surface is predominantly molecular. We show that changes in the cerium 3d spectrum upon CO chemisorption may be separated into initial- and final-state effects. In the initial state, stabilization of the (Ce)(5d6s)34f1 configuration occurs due to an increase in effective nuclear charge on the cerium atom. This leads to a decrease in f0 intensity in the recorded spectrum. Increased f-electron repulsion in the final state raises the energy of the f2 final-state configuration and causes a 2.2-eV shift to higher binding energy of the 3d5/2f2 peak. The 0.5-eV binding energy shifts of the 3d5/2f1 and 3d3/2f1 peaks along with the 2.2-eV shift of the 3d5/2f2 peak indicate that the f orbitals are quite-sensitive indicators of the surface oxidation state in this compound.

  18. Synthesis of solid solution Er{sub 2-x}Ce{sub x}W{sub 3}O{sub 12} and studies of their thermal expansion behavior.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wu, M. M.; Cheng, Y. Z.; Peng, J.; Xiao, X. L.; Chen, D. F.; Kiyanagi, R.; Fieramosca, J. S.; Short, S.; Jorgensen, J.; Hu, Z. B.; Graduate Univ. Chinese Academy of Sciences; China Inst. of Atomic Energy

    2007-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The syntheses and structures of Er{sub 2-x}Ce{sub x}W{sub 3}O{sub 12} were studied. It was found that pure phases could form only for 0.0 {le} x {le} 0.4 and 1.5 {le} x {le} 2.0. Compounds with 0 {le} x {le} 0.4 have the hydrated orthorhombic structure at room temperature and transform to unhydrated orthorhombic one above 135 C whereas samples with 1.5 {le} x {le} 2.0 crystallize in monoclinic structure. Thermal expansion properties of Er{sub 2-x}Ce{sub x}W{sub 3}O{sub 12} were studied with high temperature X-ray powder diffraction. Samples with 0 {le} x {le} 0.4 exhibit negative thermal expansion in temperature range of 200-800 C and higher cerium content leads to more negative thermal expansion coefficient. However, compounds with 1.5 {le} x {le} 2.0 show positive thermal expansion owing to the edge-sharing polyhedra.

  19. X-ray absorption studies of the local structure and f-level occupancy in CeIr(1-x)Rh(x)In(5)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Daniel, M.; Han, S.-W.; Booth, C.H.; Cornelius, A.L.; Pagliuso, P.G.; Sarrao, J.L.; Thompson, J.D.

    2004-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The CeIr{sub 1-x}Rh{sub x}In{sub 5} series exhibits a range of interesting phenomena, including heavy-fermion superconductivity, non-Fermi liquid behavior, and concomitant antiferromagnetism (AF) and superconductivity (SC). In the low-Rh concentration range (0.1 {ge} x {ge} 0.5), specific heat measurements show a broad anomaly, suggestive of gross phase separation. We have performed x-ray absorption experiments at the Ce L{sub III}, Ir L{sub III}, and Rh K-edges as a function of Rh concentration and temperature. X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) measurements indicate that cerium is close to trivalent in this system, with no measurable change with temperature from 20-300 K, consistent with a heavy-fermion material. Extended x-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) measurements as a function of temperature from all measured edges indicate the local crystal structure of all samples is well ordered, with no gross phase separation observed, even for samples with x = 0.125 and x = 0.25. These results therefore suggest that the anomalous specific heat behavior in the 0.1 {ge} x {ge} 0.5 range have some other explanation, and some possibilities are discussed.

  20. Unraveling the Active Site in Copper-Ceria Systems for the Water-Gas Shift Reaction: In Situ Characterization of an Inverse Powder CeO2-x/CuO-Cu Catalyst

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barrio, L.; Estrella, M; Zhou, G; Wen, W; Hanson, J; Hungria, A; Hornes, A; Fernandez-Garcia, M; Martinez-Arias, A; Rodriguez, J

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An inverse powder system composed of CeO{sub 2} nanoparticles dispersed over a CuO-Cu matrix is proposed as a novel catalyst for the water-gas shift reaction. This inverse CeO{sub 2}/CuO-Cu catalyst exhibits a higher activity than standard Cu/CeO{sub 2} catalysts. In situ synchrotron characterization techniques were employed to follow the structural changes of CeO{sub 2}/CuO-Cu under reaction conditions. Time-resolved X-ray diffraction experiments showed the transformation of CuO to metallic Cu via a Cu{sub 2}O intermediate. Short-order structural changes were followed by pair distribution function analysis and corroborated the results obtained by diffraction. Moreover, X-ray absorption spectroscopy also revealed oxidation state changes from Cu{sup 2+} to Cu{sup 0} and the partial reduction of CeO{sub x} nanoparticles. The activity data obtained by mass spectrometry revealed that hydrogen production starts once the copper has been fully reduced. The strong interaction of ceria and copper boosted the catalytic performance of the sample. The inverse catalyst was active at low temperatures, stable to several reaction runs and to redox cycles. These characteristics are highly valuable for mobile fuel cell applications. The active phases of the inverse CeO{sub 2}/CuO-Cu catalyst are partially reduced ceria nanoparticles strongly interacting with metallic copper. The nature and structure of the ceria nanoparticles are of critical importance because they are involved in processes related to water dissociation over the catalyst surface.

  1. Unraveling the Active Site in Copper-ceria Systems for the Water Gas Shift Reaction: In-situ Characterization of an Inverse Powder CeO2-x/CuO-Cu Catalyst

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rodriguez, J.A.; Barrio, L.; Estrella, M.; Zhou, G.; Wen, W.; Hanson, J.C.; Hungría, A.B.; Hornés, A.; Fernández-García, M.; Arturo Martínez-Arias, A.

    2010-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

    An inverse powder system composed of CeO{sub 2} nanoparticles dispersed over a CuO-Cu matrix is proposed as a novel catalyst for the water-gas shift reaction. This inverse CeO{sub 2}/CuO-Cu catalyst exhibits a higher activity than standard Cu/CeO{sub 2} catalysts. In situ synchrotron characterization techniques were employed to follow the structural changes of CeO{sub 2}/CuO-Cu under reaction conditions. Time-resolved X-ray diffraction experiments showed the transformation of CuO to metallic Cu via a Cu{sub 2}O intermediate. Short-order structural changes were followed by pair distribution function analysis and corroborated the results obtained by diffraction. Moreover, X-ray absorption spectroscopy also revealed oxidation state changes from Cu{sup 2+} to Cu{sup 0} and the partial reduction of CeOx nanoparticles. The activity data obtained by mass spectrometry revealed that hydrogen production starts once the copper has been fully reduced. The strong interaction of ceria and copper boosted the catalytic performance of the sample. The inverse catalyst was active at low temperatures, stable to several reaction runs and to redox cycles. These characteristics are highly valuable for mobile fuel cell applications. The active phases of the inverse CeO{sub 2}/CuO-Cu catalyst are partially reduced ceria nanoparticles strongly interacting with metallic copper. The nature and structure of the ceria nanoparticles are of critical importance because they are involved in processes related to water dissociation over the catalyst surface.

  2. The chemical stability and conductivity of BaCe{sub 0.9-x}Y{sub x}Nb{sub 0.1}O{sub 3-{sigma}} proton-conductive electrolyte for SOFC

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Xie Kui [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026 (China); Yan Ruiqiang [Department of Materials Engineering, Taizhou University, Linhai, Zhejiang 317000 (China); Xu Xiaoxiang [School of Chemistry, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, Fife, KY16 9ST (United Kingdom); Liu Xingqin, E-mail: xqliu@ustc.edu.cn [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026 (China); Meng Guangyao [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026 (China)

    2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    BaCe{sub 0.8}Y{sub 0.2}O{sub 3-{delta}} and BaCe{sub 0.9-x}Y{sub x}Nb{sub 0.1}O{sub 3-{delta}} (x = 0.1, 0.15, 0.2, 0.25, 0.3, 0.35) were prepared by a solid-state reactions. It was found that the BaCe{sub 0.8}Y{sub 0.2}O{sub 3-{delta}} samples decomposed into CeO{sub 2} and BaCO{sub 3} after being exposed in the atmosphere (3% CO{sub 2} + 3% H{sub 2}O + 94% N{sub 2}) at 700 deg. C for 10 h. However, samples containing Nb remains unchanged in the same conditions, demonstrating a better stability in the presence of CO{sub 2} and H{sub 2}O. The conductivity of BaCe{sub 0.9-x}Y{sub x}Nb{sub 0.1}O{sub 3-{delta}} increased with the increase of Y content (x {<=} 0.30), and the highest value was observed at x = 0.30 where a significant decrease in conductivity took place at x = 0.35. The conductivity of BaCe{sub 0.6}Y{sub 0.3}Nb{sub 0.1}O{sub 3-{delta}} reaches 0.01 S/cm in humid hydrogen at 700 deg. C, slight lower than BaCe{sub 0.8}Y{sub 0.2}O{sub 3-{delta}}, 0.012 S/cm in the same conditions. Fuel cell with BaCe{sub 0.6}Y{sub 0.3}Nb{sub 0.1}O{sub 3-{delta}} as-prepared was successfully prepared and humidified hydrogen was supplied as fuels in evaluating the fuel cell performance. The open circuit voltage, peak power density and interfacial resistance at 700 deg. C were 1.02 V, 345 mW/cm{sup 2} and 0.27 {Omega} cm{sup 2}, respectively.

  3. Quaternary Germanides Formed in Molten Aluminum: Tb2NiAl4Ge2 and Ce2NiAl6-xGe4-y (x 0.24, y 1.34)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trikalitis, Pantelis N.

    Quaternary Germanides Formed in Molten Aluminum: Tb2NiAl4Ge2 and Ce2NiAl6-xGe4-y (x 0.24, y 1 gebildete quaternäre Germanide: Tb2NiAl4Ge2 und Ce2NiAl6-xGe4-y (x 0.24, y 1.34) Inhaltsübersicht. Die ebenfalls die Introduction The use of metal fluxes in exploratory synthesis presents significant synthetic

  4. Solid state reactions of nanocrystalline Ce{sub 0.5}Yb{sub 0.5}O{sub 1.75} mixed oxide with high surface area silica in oxidizing and reducing atmosphere

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Malecka, Malgorzata A. [Institute of Low Temperature and Structure Research, Polish Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 1410, 50-950 Wroclaw 2 (Poland); Kepinski, Leszek, E-mail: L.Kepinski@int.pan.wroc.pl [Institute of Low Temperature and Structure Research, Polish Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 1410, 50-950 Wroclaw 2 (Poland)

    2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The interaction of nanocrystalline Ce{sub 0.5}Yb{sub 0.5}O{sub 1.75} mixed oxide with a high surface amorphous silica support in an oxidizing and reducing atmosphere was studied by XRD, HRTEM, SAED, SEM and BET techniques. The Ce{sub 0.5}Yb{sub 0.5}O{sub 1.75}-SiO{sub 2} system shows very high structural and size stability in the oxidizing atmosphere up to 1000 Degree-Sign C, but in hydrogen spreading of the oxide onto silica occurs at temperatures above 800 Degree-Sign C. In the oxidizing atmosphere stability of the mixed oxide is limited by extraction of ytterbium from the oxide driven by a tendency to form ytterbium silicates. A new polymorph of Yb silicate, isomorphic with y-Y{sub 2}Si{sub 2}O{sub 7} (yttrialite), has been identified in the samples containing the mixed Ce-Yb oxide. The absence of y-Yb{sub 2}Si{sub 2}O{sub 7} silicate in the Yb{sub 2}O{sub 3}-SiO{sub 2} samples treated in similar conditions indicates that Ce{sup 4+} ions are needed to stabilize the structure. - Graphical abstract: Structure evolution of nano-Ce{sub 0.5}Yb{sub 0.5}O{sub 1.75}-SiO{sub 2} in air and in H{sub 2}. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Nano-Ce{sub 0.50}Yb{sub 0.50}O{sub 1.75} on SiO{sub 2} is stable in air up to 1000 Degree-Sign C but spreads in hydrogen at 800 Degree-Sign C. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Formation of Yb silicates determines the stability of Ce{sub 0.50}Yb{sub 0.50}O{sub 1.75} at high temperatures. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer New, y-Yb{sub 2}Si{sub 2}O{sub 7} silicate (yttrialite type) forms in Ce{sub 0.5}Yb{sub 0.5}O{sub 1.75}-SiO{sub 2} in H{sub 2} at 1100 Degree-Sign C.

  5. Role of metal components in Pd?Cu bimetallic catalysts supported on CeO2 for the oxygen-enhanced water gas shift

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kugai, J.; Miller, J. T.; Guo, N.; Song, C. (Chemical Sciences and Engineering Division); ( PSC-USR); (Penn State Univ.)

    2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Catalytic hydrogen production and CO removal in a post-reforming process are critical for low-temperature fuel cell applications. The present study aims at clarifying the role of metal components in bimetallic catalysts for oxygen-enhanced water gas shift (OWGS), wherein a small amount of O{sub 2} is added to H{sub 2}-rich reformate gas to enhance CO shift. Among CeO{sub 2}-supported bimetallic catalysts, Pd-Cu and Pt-Cu combinations were found to show strong synergetic promoting effect in OWGS, which leads to much higher CO conversion and higher H{sub 2} yield than WGS at low temperature around 250 C. Temperature programmed reduction (TPR) showed strong interaction between Pd and Cu in Pd-Cu/CeO{sub 2} by a single reduction peak in contrast to multiple peaks on monometallic Cu/CeO{sub 2}. Extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) analysis revealed that such bimetallic Pd-Cu and Pt-Cu form alloy nanoparticles, where noble metal is mainly surrounded by Cu atoms. Oxygen storage capacity (OSC) measurements point to higher resistance of Pd-Cu to oxidation indicating that Pd keeps Cu in reduced state in air pulse condition. From kinetic study, Pd in Pd-Cu was found to promote CO shift, rather than CO oxidation by increasing the number of active sites and by suppressing H{sub 2} activation (that is inherent to monometallic Pd), which minimizes both the inhibition effect of H{sub 2} and the loss of H{sub 2} by oxidation in OWGS. Transient response technique revealed that Cu in Pd-Cu enhances desorption of strongly chemisorbed CO{sub 2} on catalyst surface in contrast to very slow CO{sub 2} desorption from surface of monometallic Pd. Thus, the excellent OWGS activity of Pd-Cu catalyst has been attributed to the complementary roles of the two metals for enhancing CO shift, which is realized by its alloy structure and the accompanying strong interaction between metal components.

  6. Effects of Ce, Y and Mo Addition on the Stress Accelerated Oxidation of Austenitic Stainless Steel in Oxygenated High Temperature Water

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shengchun Wang; Nobuaki Kawaguchi; Tetsuo Shoji [Fracture Research Institute, Graduate School of Engineering, Tohoku University, Aramaki Aoba 01, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8579 (Japan)

    2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Based upon the recent progress in mechanistic understanding of intergranular stress corrosion cracking (IGSCC) of austenitic stainless steels in high temperature water in light water reactor (LWR), the effects of Ce, Y, and Mo addition on oxidation kinetics under a tensile stress condition was investigated. Minor impurity of P was also studied. A kind of circumferentially notched tensile specimen was prepared to simulate the crack tip stress field. The notched specimens of different materials studied were applied with an almost constant load in simulated boiling water reactor (BWR) water. The oxidation was examined by the specimen cross section. It was shown that these elements have quite clear effects on the metal oxidation and alloying element distribution in the oxide layer. (authors)

  7. Data:Ef0bd4a8-7702-40c5-b219-2bb62c8ce86b | Open Energy Information

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    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revision has been approved for this page.b4-a4ba-cd54152b87244538a159a88b1cfdf3faa6e2b6068c0c3 No0-78d40ce901b5 No

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    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of48d9ff47edf3a87dcc95b3da-78f7ef0b79f6 No446b-9fca-d407954a4b84bf7e33133cb0bb54-4ce6a95c016e No revision has

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  14. Evidence for anisotropic triplet superconductor order parameter in half metallic ferromagnetic La_0.7Ca_0.3MnO_3 proximity coupled to superconducting Pr_1.85Ce_0.15CuO_4

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kalcheim, Y.; Millo, O.; Egilmez, M.; Robinson, J. W. A.; Blamire, M. G.

    2012-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Scanning tunneling spectroscopy measurements performed on La_0.7Ca_0.3MnO_3 (LCMO) films epitaxially grown on Pr_1.85Ce_0.15CuO_4 (PCCO) reveal localized penetration of superconductivity into the LCMO up to distances much larger than is possible...

  15. Gorur D, Rasmussen CE. Dirichlet process Gaussian mixture models: Choice of the base distribution. JOURNAL OF COMPUTER SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 25(4): 615626 July 2010/DOI 10.1007/s11390-010-1051-1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edinburgh, University of

    G¨or¨ur D, Rasmussen CE. Dirichlet process Gaussian mixture models: Choice of the base distribution Rasmussen2,3 1 Gatsby Computational Neuroscience Unit, University College London, London WC1N 3AR, U.K. 2 Department of Engineering, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 1PZ, U.K. 3 Max Planck Institute

  16. En forkortet udgave af denne kommentar blev bragt i Berlingske Tidende, 2. sektion (Magasin s. 14), lrdag den 21. januar 2006 (online her: http://www.nbi.dk/~emmeche/cePubl/2006a.forskpol.html).

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Emmeche, Claus

    ), lørdag den 21. januar 2006 (online her: http://www.nbi.dk/~emmeche/cePubl/2006a gang præges af den lineære models logik, og at de teknologiske, såkaldt våde områder af forskningen

  17. College of AgriCulturAl SCienCeS AgriCulturAl reSeArCh And CooperAtive extenSion Access and AllocAtion of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Elizabeth W.

    College of AgriCulturAl SCienCeS · AgriCulturAl reSeArCh And CooperAtive extenSion Access and Alloc- gation, recreation, and hydro- electric power generation, do not involve withdrawing water from its level of government is best suited to regulate water use. Predictions that climate change will influence

  18. CO Oxidation on Inverse CeOx/Cu(111) Catalysts: High Catalytic Activity and Ceria-Promoted Dissociation of O2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    F Yang; J Graciani; J Evans; P Liu; J Hrbek; J Fdez. Sanz; J Rodriguez

    2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    A Cu(111) surface displays a low activity for the oxidation of carbon monoxide (2CO + O{sub 2} {yields} 2CO{sub 2}). Depending on the temperature, background pressure of O{sub 2}, and the exposure time, one can get chemisorbed O on Cu(111) or a layer of Cu{sub 2}O that may be deficient in oxygen. The addition of ceria nanoparticles (NPs) to Cu(111) substantially enhances interactions with the O{sub 2} molecule and facilitates the oxidation of the copper substrate. In images of scanning tunneling microscopy, ceria NPs exhibit two overlapping honeycomb-type moire structures, with the larger ones (H{sub 1}) having a periodicity of 4.2 nm and the smaller ones (H{sub 2}) having a periodicity of 1.20 nm. After annealing CeO{sub 2}/Cu(111) in O{sub 2} at elevated temperatures (600-700 K), a new phase of a Cu{sub 2}O{sub 1+x} surface oxide appears and propagates from the ceria NPs. The ceria is not only active for O{sub 2} dissociation, but provides a much faster channel for oxidation than the step edges of Cu(111). Exposure to CO at 550-750 K led to a partial reduction of the ceria NPs and the removal of the copper oxide layer. The CeO{sub x}/Cu(111) systems have activities for the 2CO + O{sub 2} {yields} 2CO{sub 2} reaction that are comparable or larger than those reported for surfaces of expensive noble metals such as Rh(111), Pd(110), and Pt(100). Density-functional calculations show that the supported ceria NPs are able to catalyze the oxidation of CO due to their special electronic and chemical properties. The configuration of the inverse oxide/metal catalyst opens new interesting routes for applications in catalysis.

  19. Effect of synthesis conditions on the nanopowder properties of Ce{sub 0.9}Zr{sub 0.1}O{sub 2}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zimicz, M.G.; Fabregas, I.O.; Lamas, D.G. [CINSO (Centro de Investigaciones en Solidos) CONICET-CITEFA J.B. de La Salle 4397, 1603 Villa Martelli, Pcia. de Buenos Aires (Argentina)] [CINSO (Centro de Investigaciones en Solidos) CONICET-CITEFA J.B. de La Salle 4397, 1603 Villa Martelli, Pcia. de Buenos Aires (Argentina); Larrondo, S.A., E-mail: susana@di.fcen.uba.ar [Laboratorio de Procesos Cataliticos, Departamento de Ingenieria Quimica, Facultad de Ingenieria, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Pabellon de Industrias, Ciudad Universitaria, 1428 Buenos Aires (Argentina)

    2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Graphical abstract: . The synthesis of nanocrystalline Ce{sub 0.9}Zr{sub 0.1}O{sub 2} powders via the gel-combustion method, using different fuels, and following either stoichiometric or non-stoichiometric pH-controlled routes is investigated. Research highlights: {yields} All samples exhibited the fluorite-type crystal structure, nanometric average crystallite size and negligible carbon content. {yields} Synthesis conditions strongly affect the average crystallite size, the degree of agglomeration, the specific surface area and the pore volume. {yields} Our results indicate that, by controlling the synthesis conditions it is possible to obtain solids with custom-made morphological properties. -- Abstract: In this work, the synthesis of nanocrystalline Ce{sub 0.9}Zr{sub 0.1}O{sub 2} powders via the gel-combustion method, using different fuels, and following either stoichiometric or non-stoichiometric pH-controlled routes is investigated. The objective is to evaluate the effect of synthesis conditions on the textural and morphological properties, and the crystal structure of the synthesized materials. The solids were characterized by nitrogen physisorption, Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), X-ray powder diffraction (XPD), and Carbon-Hydrogen-Nitrogen Elemental Analysis (CHN). All the powders exhibited nanometric crystallite size, fluorite-type structure and negligible carbon content. Synthesis conditions strongly affect the average crystallite size, the degree of agglomeration, the specific surface area and the pore volume. Our results indicate that, by controlling the synthesis conditions it is possible to obtain solids with custom-made morphological properties.

  20. &RPSHWLWLYHQHVV (IIHFWV RI (QYLURQPHQWDO 7D[ 5HIRUPV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Sweden and UK); analyses world market conditions for a set of energy- intensive sectors, as a framework and competitiveness impacts of us- ing carbon-energy taxes as an instrument of an Environmental Tax Reform (ETR), which shifts the tax burden and helps reduce the carbon emissions that cause global warming. COMETR

  1. 0HWKRGV IRU 3UREDELOLVWLF 'HVLJQ RI :LQG 7XUELQHV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Turbines" ­ PRODETO ­ which was carried out during the years 1996-98 with partial funding from the European, which include probabilistic load and resistance modelling, calculation of failure prob- ability, and calibration of partial safety factors for use with a deterministic de- sign code format. The results

  2. N Ri Report No. 323 Danish Atomic Energy Commission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .1.8. Freshwater 14 3.1.9. Rainwater 15 3.2. Radiochemical p-Analysis 17 3.2.1. Air 17 3.2.2. Grass 19 3.2.3. Sea Plants 20 3.2.4. Rainwater 21 3.2.5. Milk from s Farm near Risø 24 3.3. Y-Spectroscopy of Air Samples 25 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86 8.2. Fission Product Ratios in Air Samples Collected at Different Heights of the Meteorological

  3. Proceedings: Radiation Protection Technology Conference: Providence, RI, November 2001

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2002-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Health physics (HP) professionals within the nuclear industry are continually upgrading their respective programs with new methods and technologies. The move to shorter outages combined with a diminishing group of contract HP technicians and demanding emergent work makes such changes even more important. The EPRI Radiation Protection Technology Conference focused on a number of key health physics issues and developments.

  4. Ri* Report No. 133 Danish Atomk Energy Commission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Commission Research Establishment Riso Chemistry Department Abstract As part of the work aimed at the exploitation of the uraniferous rock in southern Greenland a flotation process has been developed. The uranium as a possible source of uranium for Denmark's future energy supply. The uranium-bearing rock is a lujavrite

  5. Ri so-M-|fe>44 LIBRARY August 1973

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    OF * RADIOACTIVE WASTE DUMPS. EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES; F U E L REPROCESSING PLANTS; RADIOACTIVE WASTE DISPOSAL; SITE SELECTION; WASTE STORAGE; BT: INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS; WASTE DISPOSAL; WASTE MANAGEMENT; E52. EURO, beginning August 1 973, information retrieval from the magnetic tapes of the International Nuclear

  6. QER Public Meeting in Providence, RI & Hartford, CT: New England...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    & Local Affairs - New England Dominion Resources, Inc. Remarks of Joe Rose, President, Propane Gas Association of New England Remarks of Michael Trunzo, President & CEO, New...

  7. Growth, spore germination and infection studies on a peanut leaf-spot fungus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Das, Gopinath

    1951-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ?~ oaoh in solid and ~ foxm (with or wLthout egarc resyooti~) ~ Patri 4Lsh oulturoe wexw used, each in ooulato& with 4xuy of a suspension of cuFcialial fragments aud oonidiac as desoribed aboxw STCo s ~ce c QeCe ag Sh'cg Sca S 1, SL~d water Ri Iinere...

  8. "Atm o sp h e ric a n d O c e a n ic P ro c e sse s, D y n a m ic s, a n d C lim a te C h a n g e (AE 1 0 9 ) C o n fe re n c e " in "S P IE 's T h ird In te rn a tio n a l Asia -P a c ific E n v iro n m e n ta l R e m o te S e n sin g S y m p o siu m 2 0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Junhong

    "Atm o sp h e ric a n d O c e a n ic P ro c e sse s, D y n a m ic s, a n d C lim a te C h a n g e (AE 1 0 9 ) C o n fe re n c e " in "S P IE 's T h ird In te rn a tio n a l Asia -P a c ific E n v iro n m e n ta l R e m o te S e n sin g S y m p o siu m 2 0 0 2 : R e m o te S e n sin g o f th e Atm o

  9. 7KH 6SHFWUD | 3DJH 8QLYHUVLW\\ RI 9LUJLQLD 6FKRRO RI (QJLQHHULQJ DQG $SSOLHG 6FLHQFH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Acton, Scott

    and Environmental Engineering *UDGXDWH 6WXGHQW 5HYLHZHUV Philip Asare, Computer Engineering Lindsey Brinton\\UPJH[PVUZ 6MÄJL Timothy Allen Biomedical Engineering John Bean Electrical and Computer Engineering George L. Cahen Materials Science and Engineering Gavin Garner Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Lloyd Harriot

  10. 7KH8QLYHUVLW\\RI0LFKLJDQ7KH8QLYHUVLW\\RI0LFKLJDQ Where am I?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borenstein, Johann

    SAND93-0827, Sandia National Laboratories, 1993. The authors wish to thank the Department of Energy Ridge National Lab (ORNL) D&D Program and the United States Department of Energy's Robotics Technology: material for next year's edition of the "Where am I" Report, click here for instruc- tions. #12

  11. Crystal structure, magnetism and transport properties of Ce{sub 3}Ni{sub 25.75}Ru{sub 3.16}Al{sub 4.1}B{sub 10}

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Janka, Oliver [Department of Chemistry, University of California, One Shields Ave, Davis, CA 95616 (United States); Baumbach, Ryan E.; Thompson, Joe D. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States); Bauer, Eric D., E-mail: edbauer@lanl.gov [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States); Kauzlarich, Susan M., E-mail: smkauzlarich@ucdavis.edu [Department of Chemistry, University of California, One Shields Ave, Davis, CA 95616 (United States)

    2013-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Single crystals of Ce{sub 3}Ni{sub 25.75}Ru{sub 3.16}Al{sub 4.1}B{sub 10} were obtained from a process in which a polycrystalline sample of CeRu{sub 2}Al{sub 2}B was annealed in an excess of a Ni–In flux. The initial phase, CeRu{sub 2}Al{sub 2}B, does not recrystallize, instead, crystals of a new phase, Ce{sub 3}Ni{sub 25.75}Ru{sub 3.16}Al{sub 4.1}B{sub 10}, could be isolated once the flux was removed. The title compound crystallizes in the tetragonal space group P4/nmm (No. 129) with a=1139.02(8), c=801.68(6) pm (c/a=0.70) in the Nd{sub 3}Ni{sub 29}Si{sub 4}B{sub 10} structure type. Electrical resistivity measurements reveal metallic behavior with a minimum of 700 µ? cm and a small residual resistivity ratio of RRR=1.4 indicating a large amount of disorder scattering. The cerium atoms are either in the 4+ or an intermediate valence state with a valence fluctuation temperature far above room temperature. - Graphical abstract: Single crystals of Ce{sub 3}Ni{sub 25.75}Ru{sub 3.16}A{sub l4.1}B{sub 10} were obtained using a process in which a polycrystalline sample of CeRu{sub 2}Al{sub 2}B was annealed in an excess of a Ni–In flux. Electrical resistivity measurements reveal metallic behavior with a minimum of 700 ?? cm and a small residual resistivity ratio of RRR=1.4 indicating a large amount of disorder scattering. The cerium atoms are either in the 4+ or an intermediate valence state with a valence fluctuation temperature far above room temperature. Display Omitted - Highlights: • Flux synthesis of high quality single crystals of Ce{sub 3}Ni{sub 25.75}Ru{sub 3.16}Al{sub 4.1}B{sub 10} is presented along with the crystal structure, magnetic and transport properties. • The compound is isostructural to Nd{sub 3}Ni{sub 29}Si{sub 4}B{sub 10} but is first of this structure type showing mixed occupancies of d-elements. • This is an intermetallic phase with Ce in either the 4+ or an intermediate valence state. • The fact that this structure with mixed occupied transition metal sites exists suggests that more compounds of this type should be accessible and the physical properties tuned.

  12. Wet oxidation of phenol on Ce{sub 1{minus}x}Cu{sub x}O{sub 2{minus}{delta}} catalyst

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hocevar, S.; Batista, J. [National Inst. of Chemistry, Ljubljana (Slovenia). Lab. of Catalysis and Chemical Reaction Engineering] [National Inst. of Chemistry, Ljubljana (Slovenia). Lab. of Catalysis and Chemical Reaction Engineering; Levec, J. [National Inst. of Chemistry, Ljubljana (Slovenia). Lab. of Catalysis and Chemical Reaction Engineering] [National Inst. of Chemistry, Ljubljana (Slovenia). Lab. of Catalysis and Chemical Reaction Engineering; [Univ. of Ljubljana (Slovenia). Dept. of Chemical Engineering

    1999-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Ce{sub 1{minus}x}Cu{sub x}O{sub 2{minus}{delta}} catalysts with 0.05 < x < 0.20 for catalytic wet oxidation of phenol in aqueous solutions have been synthesized using the coprecipitation method. The three most important synthesis parameters, the concentration of the mixed metal salt solution, the rate of coprecipitant addition and the stirrer speed during coprecipitation, were optimized with central composite design using the catalytic activity as a response function. The catalytic activity strongly depends on stirrer speed during coprecipitation. A high mutual dispersion of copper oxide and ceria, having the average crystallite size of about 9 nm, enhances solid solution formation. The unit cell parameter of ceria decreases when the overall concentration of copper in the catalyst increases, most probably obeying Vegard`s law. The catalysts proved to be very stable in hydrothermal reaction conditions at low pH values. After 5 h of reaction in the semibatch CST reactor less than 100 ppm of Cu was leached out of catalyst samples that were calcined in a flow of air for 2 h above 1033 K, and only a very low quantity of carbonaceous deposits were formed on the surface of the catalysts (0.6 wt%). The kinetics of phenol degradation could be interpreted by an equation valid for homogeneous autocatalytic reactions, in which the rate constant depends linearly on the heterogeneous catalyst (Cu) concentrations. This demonstrates that the reaction proceeds through a heterogeneous-homogeneous radical-branched chain mechanism.

  13. Introduction of Artificial Pinning Center into PLD-YBCO Coated Conductor on IBAD and Self-Epitaxial CeO2 Buffered Metal Substrate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kobayashi, H.; Yamada, Y.; Ishida, S.; Takahashi, K.; Konishi, M.; Ibi, A.; Miyata, S. [Superconductivity Research Laboratory, ISTEC, 2-4-1 Mutsuno, Atsuta-ku, Nagoya, 456-8587 (Japan); Kato, T.; Hirayama, T. [Materials R and D Laboratory, Japan Fine Ceramics Center, 2-4-1 Mutsuno, Atsuta-ku, Nagoya 456-8587 (Japan); Shiohara, Y. [Superconductivity Research Laboratory, ISTEC, 1-10-13 Shinonome, Koto-ku, Tokyo 135-0062 (Japan)

    2006-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    In order to fabricate YBa2Cu3O7-x (YBCO) coated conductors with high critical current density Jc in magnetic fields, we fabricated YBCO coated conductors with artificial pinning centers by the pulsed laser deposition (PLD) method on a self epitaxial PLD-CeO2 layer and ion-beam assisted deposition (IBAD)-Gd2Zr2O7 (GZO) buffered Hastelloy tape. Artificial pinning centers were introduced by the PLD deposition using the yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) oxide target (nano-dot method) and YBCO target including YSZ particles (mixed target method). In the experiments using YSZ oxide target, YSZ nano-dots were observed. They were approximately 15 nm in height and 10 nm to 70 nm in diameter. We found that the density of nano-dots was controlled by the number of laser pulses. These samples exhibited higher Jc than YBCO films in magnetic fields. Furthermore, a similar improvement of Jc was observed in the experiments using YBCO target including YSZ particles. TEM observation revealed that columnar nano-structure made of BaZrO3 was formed during YBCO deposition and it was effective for pinning. We call this new epitaxial nano-structure 'bamboo structure' from its anisotropic growth and morphology.

  14. Quantum Critical Fluctuations in the Heavy fermion compound Ce(Ni0.935Pd0.065)2Ge2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    C. H. Wang; L. Poudel; A. E. Taylor; J. M. Lawrence; A. D. Christianson; S. Chang; J. A. Rodriguez-Rivera; J. W. Lynn; A. A. Podlesnyak; G. Ehlers; R. E. Baumbach; E. D. Bauer; K. Gofryk; F. Ronning; K. J. McClellan; J. D. Thompson

    2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Electric resistivity, specific heat, magnetic susceptibility, and inelastic neutron scattering experi- ments were performed on a single crystal of the heavy fermion compound Ce(Ni0.935Pd0.065)2Ge2 in order to study the spin fluctuations near an antiferromagnetic (AF) quantum critical point (QCP). The resistivity and the specific heat coefficient for T = 1 K exhibit the power law behavior expected for a 3D itinerant AF QCP (?(T) ~ T^3/2 and ?(T) ~ ?0 -bT^1/2). However, for 2 = T = 10 K, the susceptibility and specific heat vary as logT and the resistivity varies linearly with temperature. Furthermore, despite the fact that the resistivity and specific heat exhibit the non-Fermi liquid behavior expected at a QCP, the correlation length, correlation time, and staggered susceptibility of the spin fluctuations remain finite at low temperature. We suggest that these deviations from the divergent behavior expected for a QCP may result from alloy disorder.

  15. An In-Situ XAS Study of the Structural Changes in a CuO-CeO2/Al2O3 Catalyst during Total Oxidation of Propane

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Silversmith, Geert; Poelman, Hilde; Poelman, Dirk; Gryse, Roger de [Ghent University, Department of Solid State Sciences, Krijgslaan 281 S1, B-9000 Gent (Belgium); Olea, Maria; Balcaen, Veerle; Heynderickx, Philippe; Marin, Guy B. [Ghent University, Laboratorium voor Petrochemische Techniek, Krijgslaan 281 S5, B-9000 Gent (Belgium)

    2007-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

    A CuOx-CeOx/Al2O3 catalyst was studied with in-situ transmission Cu K XAS for the total oxidation of propane as model reaction for the catalytic elimination of volatile organic compounds. The local Cu structure was determined for the catalyst as such, after pre-oxidation and after reduction with propane. The catalyst as such has a local CuO structure. No structural effect was observed upon heating in He up to 600 deg. C or after pre-oxidation at 150 deg. C. A full reduction of the Cu2+ towards metallic Cu0 occurred, when propane was fed to the catalyst. The change in local Cu structure during propane reduction was followed with a time resolution of 1 min. The {chi}(k) scans appeared as linear combinations of start and end spectra, CuO and Cu structure, respectively. However, careful examination of the XANES edge spectra indicates the presence of a small amount of additional Cu1+ species.

  16. High Rate for Type IC Supernovae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Muller, R.A.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Wheeler, J. C. 1990, in Supernovae, ed. A. G. Petschek (New4959. Tamrnann, G. A. 1977, in Supernovae, ed. D. Schramm (Wheeler, J. C. 1990, in Supernovae, ed. J. C. Wheeler, T.

  17. Towards a poly-phon-ic environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Jesse, 1972-

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis explores an architectural/landscape environment where polyphonic metaphors are the means for exploration and investigation. Polyphonic, as described in musical definitions/ terms, is the style of composition ...

  18. Flexible ICs: The technology evolves Sunny Bains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rogers, John A.

    . Finally, they were transferred onto its permanent substrate: an inverted hemisphere on a glass lens consumes very little power · 400-W ATX PC power supply boasts medical approval · Toshiba launches its first Trends and Tips: Can Anything Stop the Growth in Camera Phone Popularity Embedded.Intel.com: A new

  19. Hardware Trojans in Wireless Cryptographic ICs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Makris, Yiorgos

    Partly because of design outsourcing and migration of fabrication foundries to low-cost areas across manufacturing defects but is not geared toward uncovering such ma- licious hardware modifications. Destructive milestone because it first demonstrated the utility of statistical analysis toward constructing effective

  20. ORISE: Incident Command System (ICS) Training

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas Conchas recoveryLaboratory |CHEMPACK MappingHistory The Oak Ridge InstituteOakIncident