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1

NJ WY AK AL CA AR CO CT DE FL GA HI ID KS IL IN IA IA KY LA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0.00-1.99 0.00-1.99 2.00-2.99 3.00-3.99 4.00-4.99 5.00-5.99 6.00-6.99 7.00+ NJ WY AK AL CA AR CO CT DE FL GA HI ID KS IL IN IA IA KY LA ME MI MA MD MN MS MT MO NE ND OH NV NM NY NH NC OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT WA WV WI AZ VA DC 0.00-1.99 2.00-2.99 3.00-3.99 4.00-4.99 5.00-5.99 6.00-6.99 7.00+ 18. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Onsystem Industrial Consumers, 1996 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Figure 19. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Electric Utilities, 1996 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Figure Sources: Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), Form FERC-423, "Monthly Report of Cost and Quality of Fuels for Electric Plants," and Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition." Note: In 1996, consumption of natural gas for agricultural use

2

NJ WY AK AL CA AR CO CT DE FL GA HI ID KS IL IN IA IA KY LA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition." NJ WY AK AL CA AR CO CT DE FL GA HI ID KS IL IN IA IA KY LA ME MI MA MD MN MS MT MO NE ND OH NV NM NY...

3

?? / Kagaku / ?? /Ky?ri: Science  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

question when considering science and technology in Japanese?? /Kagaku / ?? /Ky?ri: Science Tsukahara T?go Translationto incorporate and develop science and technology from the

Tsukahara, T?go

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Category:Providence, RI | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

RI RI Jump to: navigation, search Go Back to PV Economics By Location Media in category "Providence, RI" The following 16 files are in this category, out of 16 total. SVFullServiceRestaurant Providence RI The Narragansett Electric Co.png SVFullServiceRestauran... 66 KB SVQuickServiceRestaurant Providence RI The Narragansett Electric Co.png SVQuickServiceRestaura... 66 KB SVHospital Providence RI The Narragansett Electric Co.png SVHospital Providence ... 60 KB SVLargeHotel Providence RI The Narragansett Electric Co.png SVLargeHotel Providenc... 61 KB SVLargeOffice Providence RI The Narragansett Electric Co.png SVLargeOffice Providen... 61 KB SVMediumOffice Providence RI The Narragansett Electric Co.png SVMediumOffice Provide... 63 KB SVMidriseApartment Providence RI The Narragansett Electric Co.png

5

Ca  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

P O. Box 3090 P O. Box 3090 Ca rlsbad, New Mexico 88221 Mr. John Kieling , Acting Bureau Chief Hazardous Waste Bureau MAY 1 6 2012 New Mexico Environment Department 2905 E. Rodeo Park Drive, Bldg . 1 Santa Fe, New Mexico 87505-6303 Subject: Transmittal of the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Revised Calendar Year 2005-2008 Culebra Potentiometric Surface Map Package Dear Mr. Kieling: On August 5 , 2011 , the New Mexico Environmental Department (NMED) approved the Groundwater Work Plan submitted as a condition to the Final Stipulated Order dated December 1, 2009. An additional condition of the Order, upon approval of the Work Plan , is the submittal of a series of revised Culebra potentiometric surface maps within timeframes specified by the Order. Enclosed is the revised second submittal due to the NMED. The

6

Ya ri a bsod Collection 5  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

last updated by World Oral Literature Project staff on Wednesday, Tuesday, June 8, 2010 This Accession Form for Individual Recordings: Collection / Collector Name Ya ri a bsod Collection/Sha bo don ’grub rdo rje and Skal dbang skyid ???????...

Sha bo don 'grub rdo rje; Skal dbang skyid

7

Ya ri a bsod Collection 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

last updated by World Oral Literature Project staff on Wednesday, Tuesday, June 8, 2010 Accession Form for Individual Recordings: Collection / Collector Name Ya ri a bsod Collection/Sha bo don ’grub rdo rje and Skal dbang skyid ???????... of title Unknown Description (to be used in archive entry) At one time, Ya ri a bsod went to steal horses in Rta bo and was shot and injured. As he lay dying he sang this song to describe his situation. ???????????????????????????? ?????????...

Sha bo don 'grub rdo rje; Skal dbang skyid

8

LBNL-4183E-rev1 N NA AT TU UR RA AL L G GA AS S V VA AR RI  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4183E-rev1 4183E-rev1 N NA AT TU UR RA AL L G GA AS S V VA AR RI IA AB BI IL LI IT TY Y I IN N C CA AL LI IF FO OR RN NI IA A: : E EN NV VI IR RO ON NM ME EN NT TA AL L I IM MP PA AC CT TS S A AN ND D D DE EV VI IC CE E P PE ER RF FO OR RM MA AN NC CE E E EX XP PE ER RI IM ME EN NT TA AL L E EV VA AL LU UA AT TI IO ON N O OF F I IN NS ST TA AL LL LE ED D C CO OO OK KI IN NG G E EX XH HA AU US ST T F FA AN N P PE ER RF FO OR RM MA AN NC CE E Brett C. Singer, William W. Delp and Michael G. Apte Indoor Environment Department Atmospheric Sciences Department Environmental Energy Technologies Division July 2011 (Revised February 2012) Disclaimer 1 This document was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the United States Government. While this document is believed to contain correct information, neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor The Regents of the University of California, nor any of

9

Ya ri a bsod Collection 3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

last updated by World Oral Literature Project staff on Wednesday, Tuesday, June 8, 2010 Accession Form for Individual Recordings: Collection / Collector Name Ya ri a bsod Collection/Sha bo don ’grub rdo rje and Skal dbang skyid ???????... ??????????????????????????????? Genre or type (i.e. epic, song, ritual) Persuasion Song ??? ??????????????? Name of recorder (if different from collector) Date of recording February 2007 ????? ?????????????????????????? Place of recording Gtsang Village, Rta bo Town...

Sha bo don 'grub rdo rje; Skal dbang skyid

10

WA_02_015_AIR_PRODUCTS_AND_CHEMICALS_INC_Waiver_of_Patent_Ri...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5AIRPRODUCTSANDCHEMICALSINCWaiverofPatentRi.pdf WA02015AIRPRODUCTSANDCHEMICALSINCWaiverofPatentRi.pdf WA02015AIRPRODUCTSANDCHEMICALSINCWaiverofPatent...

11

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- C I Haynes Inc - RI 02  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

C I Haynes Inc - RI 02 C I Haynes Inc - RI 02 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: C. I. Haynes, Inc. (RI.02 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: C.I. Hayes, Incorporated RI.02-1 Location: Cranston , Rhode Island RI.02-1 Evaluation Year: 1994 RI.02-2 RI.02-3 Site Operations: Performed limited scale tests on heat treating uranium in a vacuum cold-wall furnace in 1964 RI.02-1 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Potential for contamination considered remote based on the limited quantities of material handled RI.02-2 Radioactive Materials Handled: Yes Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Uranium RI.02-1 Radiological Survey(s): None Indicated Site Status: Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Also see Documents Related to C. I. Haynes, Inc.

12

RI&E Nano particles*) Carried out by  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 RI&E Nano particles*) Carried out by: Faculty: CTW/EWI/TNW Department: 1. Information Nano characteristics of nano material (or parent material) **) Carcinogenic Mutagenic Reprotoxic Density (kg/dm3 ) kg/dm3 State of aggregation of the nano material Liquid Solid 2. Health hazard nano material Danger

Twente, Universiteit

13

Spin-Isospin responses via charge exchange reactions of RI beams at SHARAQ  

SciTech Connect

Nuclear spectroscopy via direct reactions of RI beams is discussed focusing on characteristics of charge-exchange reactions of RI beams. Recent experiments using the SHARAQ spectrometer at the RIBF are presented, where isovector spin monopole and spin-non-flip monopole responses are studied by charge exchange reaction of RI beams. Some experimental plans and perspectives are also presented.

Shimoura, Susumu [Center for Nuclear Study (CNS), University of Tokyo Wako, Saitama 351-0198 (Japan)

2012-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

14

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS ADVANCE CLASS WAIVER OF PATENT RI  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

RI RI GHTS FOR TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPED UNDER DOE FUNDING AGREEMENTS RELATING TO DOE'S SOLID STATE LIGHTING PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT ROUND 8; DOE FUNDING OPPORTUNITY ANNOUNCMEN T DE-FOA-0000563; W(C)-2011-012 ; CH1632 The Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy anticipates providing federal financial assistance in the form of cooperative agreements that develop or improve commercially viable materials, devices, or systems for solid-state lighting general illumination applications. Successful applicants will engage in applied resea rch in the Solid State Lighting (SSL) Product Development Program . Product Development is the systematic use of knowledge gained from basic and applied research to develop or improve commercially viable materials, devices, or systems. Technical

15

Year Month U.S. Average PAD District I Average CT ME MA NH RI  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1994 January ........................... 89.6 91.0 90.2 83.8 88.4 80.4 87.3 88.8 92.1 102.5 February ......................... 92.9 94.6 93.8 90.4 91.3 86.6 91.4 92.3 91.5 105.5 March .............................. 91.4 92.5 92.1 85.9 88.3 83.6 89.4 91.0 91.2 102.0 April ................................ 88.2 89.0 89.4 80.8 86.0 78.2 85.1 88.3 89.2 93.7 May ................................. 86.1 86.6 85.4 76.8 85.1 75.4 83.3 86.7 84.4 83.1 June ................................ 85.2 85.6 86.1 75.6 83.7 73.1 82.3 84.6 82.0 W July ................................. 82.7 83.1 84.2 75.6 82.1 71.8 81.6 83.0 80.5 W August ............................ 82.1 82.4 79.7 78.0 78.7 72.8 84.0 83.8 82.3 81.9 September ...................... 83.2 83.7 80.5 78.5 81.1 72.9 84.7 83.3 83.1 86.2 October ........................... 84.7

16

Year Month U.S. Average PAD District I Average CT ME MA NH RI  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1995 January ........................... 86.9 87.6 86.7 77.8 84.8 78.4 87.3 85.7 88.4 102.4 February ......................... 87.4 88.2 87.8 77.4 84.9 78.5 87.3 85.9 88.5 103.4 March .............................. 86.6 87.3 87.0 76.3 82.5 77.7 87.0 85.6 87.6 103.3 April ................................ 85.4 85.8 85.2 76.7 81.9 76.6 86.5 84.8 87.0 100.0 May ................................. 86.4 86.9 86.5 78.7 84.7 75.8 86.1 84.5 85.2 93.2 June ................................ 84.6 85.2 84.2 78.1 82.5 74.5 83.2 83.9 83.0 NA July ................................. 82.0 82.4 79.4 76.9 80.6 72.9 81.7 81.7 80.0 85.1 August ............................ 80.7 81.1 77.4 76.7 80.9 73.0 85.3 81.7 82.1 W September ...................... 82.3 82.7 79.2 76.2 81.7 73.8 84.9 82.5 82.4 86.1 October ...........................

17

Year Month U.S. Average PAD District I Average CT ME MA NH RI  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1997 January ........................... 107.9 109.0 108.6 105.2 106.5 102.1 107.0 104.4 106.5 130.4 February ......................... 105.1 106.0 105.2 102.2 103.4 101.0 104.5 103.5 104.2 127.0 March .............................. 101.6 102.5 99.3 94.3 97.7 98.6 100.4 103.1 100.7 121.4 April ................................ 99.2 100.3 97.6 90.9 95.9 95.2 99.4 100.4 100.1 116.3 May ................................. 96.4 97.1 93.4 90.6 93.0 91.9 97.3 97.7 96.4 108.6 June ................................ 92.3 92.9 89.9 88.1 89.1 89.1 93.3 92.9 90.8 99.9 July ................................. 88.3 88.7 83.7 86.7 87.5 85.6 91.6 91.1 88.8 W August ............................ 86.9 86.8 84.2 85.8 84.7 85.3 91.0 92.7 89.2 W September ...................... 88.7 89.0 85.5 87.0 87.0 86.3 91.2 91.7 88.5 NA October ...........................

18

Year Month U.S. Average PAD District I Average CT ME MA NH RI  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1996 January ........................... 94.6 96.1 94.5 93.0 92.0 89.1 94.9 92.6 94.7 111.7 February ......................... 95.9 97.5 96.2 93.2 93.8 90.8 95.6 93.7 94.4 112.9 March .............................. 99.1 100.6 99.6 96.7 99.3 93.8 99.7 97.3 96.1 117.7 April ................................ 101.5 102.7 102.1 98.7 101.5 96.5 98.8 100.3 100.7 115.9 May ................................. 97.8 98.1 96.8 95.4 95.9 93.6 94.9 98.8 98.0 109.7 June ................................ 91.0 91.3 88.8 90.1 87.9 87.2 88.7 92.2 91.9 102.5 July ................................. 87.9 88.0 84.9 87.5 87.5 83.6 87.7 88.5 91.0 97.3 August ............................ 88.1 88.2 84.0 89.5 89.0 85.1 88.3 89.0 91.0 99.2 September ...................... 94.5 94.4 92.5 96.4 93.1 91.9 96.6 94.4 95.3 106.2 October ...........................

19

Year Month U.S. Average PAD District I Average CT ME MA NH RI  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1993 January ........................... 94.3 95.7 94.9 85.2 94.0 87.1 91.7 93.4 91.2 105.2 February ......................... 94.6 95.9 96.2 85.4 94.4 86.9 91.8 93.3 90.8 106.8 March .............................. 95.4 96.5 96.7 86.4 94.8 86.6 92.4 93.7 92.4 108.5 April ................................ 92.6 93.4 93.6 83.0 91.5 84.5 90.4 91.2 91.6 106.7 May ................................. 91.1 91.7 91.6 81.7 91.1 83.9 90.7 91.3 89.4 104.3 June ................................ 88.9 89.4 88.6 81.1 88.6 82.4 87.6 89.7 90.6 100.4 July ................................. 85.6 85.9 86.5 78.5 83.9 78.3 85.2 85.5 86.4 100.2 August ............................ 84.1 84.6 84.0 77.4 83.4 76.0 82.7 85.6 83.5 96.1 September ...................... 85.5 85.8 84.2 78.3 83.8 74.9 84.8 86.6 84.6 95.5 October ...........................

20

THE UBV(RI){sub C} COLORS OF THE SUN  

SciTech Connect

Photometric data in the UBV(RI){sub C} system have been acquired for 80 solar analog stars for which we have previously derived highly precise atmospheric parameters T{sub eff}, log g, and [Fe/H] using high-resolution, high signal-to-noise ratio spectra. UBV and (RI){sub C} data for 46 and 76 of these stars, respectively, are published for the first time. Combining our data with those from the literature, colors in the UBV(RI){sub C} system, with {approx_equal} 0.01 mag precision, are now available for 112 solar analogs. Multiple linear regression is used to derive the solar colors from these photometric data and the spectroscopically derived T{sub eff}, log g, and [Fe/H] values. To minimize the impact of systematic errors in the model-dependent atmospheric parameters, we use only the data for the 10 stars that most closely resemble our Sun, i.e., the solar twins, and derive the following solar colors: (B - V){sub Sun} = 0.653 {+-} 0.005, (U - B){sub Sun} = 0.166 {+-} 0.022, (V - R){sub Sun} = 0.352 {+-} 0.007, and (V - I){sub Sun} = 0.702 {+-} 0.010. These colors are consistent, within the 1{sigma} errors, with those derived using the entire sample of 112 solar analogs. We also derive the solar colors using the relation between spectral-line-depth ratios and observed stellar colors, i.e., with a completely model-independent approach, and without restricting the analysis to solar twins. We find (B - V){sub Sun} = 0.653 {+-} 0.003, (U - B){sub Sun} = 0.158 {+-} 0.009, (V - R){sub Sun} = 0.356 {+-} 0.003, and (V - I){sub Sun} = 0.701 {+-} 0.003, in excellent agreement with the model-dependent analysis.

Ramirez, I. [McDonald Observatory and Department of Astronomy, University of Texas at Austin, 1 University Station, C1400 Austin, TX 78712-0259 (United States); Michel, R.; Schuster, W. J. [Observatorio Astronomico Nacional, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Apartado Postal 877, Ensenada, B.C., CP 22800 (Mexico); Sefako, R.; Van Wyk, F. [South African Astronomical Observatory, P.O. Box 9, Observatory 7935, Cape Town (South Africa); Tucci Maia, M. [UNIFEI, DFQ-Instituto de Ciencias Exatas, Universidade Federal de Itajuba, Itajuba MG (Brazil); Melendez, J. [Departamento de Astronomia do IAG/USP, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Rua do Matao 1226, Sao Paulo, 05508-900 SP (Brazil); Casagrande, L. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Astrophysik, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 1, Postfach 1317, D-85741 Garching (Germany); Castilho, B. V. [Laboratorio Nacional de Astrofisica/MCT, Rua Estados Unidos 154, 37504-364 Itajuba, MG (Brazil)

2012-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ri ct ca" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Nondestructive Evaluation: Conversion of RI-ISI Programs to Code Case N716  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Work is under way to convert several plants from their existing risk-informed in-service inspection (RI-ISI) programs to the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) streamlined RI-ISI methodology. This streamlined RI-ISI approach has been codified in ASME Code Case N-716. This report provides a status of these activities and identifies interim results as well as lessons learned that will streamline future applications of this technology.

2009-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

22

WA_1993_020_GENERAL_MOTORS_Waiver_of_Domestic_and_Foreign_Ri...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ORSWaiverofDomesticandForeignRi.pdf More Documents & Publications WA04020GENERALELECTRICWaiverofDomesticandForeignIn.pdf WA03019GENERALMOTORSCORPWaiverofDom...

23

DOE Challenge Home Case Study, Caldwell and Johnson, Exeter, RI  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Caldwell and Caldwell and Johnson Exeter, RI BUILDING TECHNOLOGIES OFFICE DOE Challenge Home builders are in the top 1% of builders in the country meeting the extraordinary levels of excellence and quality specifi ed by the U.S. Department of Energy. Every DOE Challenge Home starts with ENERGY STAR for Homes Version 3 for an energy-e cient home built on a solid foundation of building science research. Then, even more advanced technologies are designed in for a home that goes above and beyond current code to give you the superior quality construction, HVAC, appliances, indoor air quality, safety, durability, comfort, and solar-ready components along with ultra-low or no utility bills. This provides homeowners with a quality home that will last for generations to come.

24

Nondestructive Evaluation: RI-ISI Status, Extensions and Resolution of Implementation Issues - 2009  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes the results of the risk-informed in-service inspection (RI-ISI) Support project for the first three quarters of 2009. The RI-ISI Support project provides for the coordination and participation of risk technology to various industry groups and identifies and extends the use of risk technology to other components and programs.

2009-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

25

QuRiNet: A Wide-Area Wireless Mesh Testbed for Research and Experimental Evaluations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in QuRiNet are powered by solar panels, running with multiple radios. QuRiNet provides the backbone in Figure 1. All nodes, except the gateway nodes, use solar power due to the lack of connectivity as a commu- nity rooftop wireless mesh network [2]. This network has to compete with home wireless networks

California at Davis, University of

26

Nondestructive Evaluation: EPRI's Participation in the RI-ISI Benchmark Study--Applications and Results: 2008 Update  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although methodologies for risk-informed in-service inspection (RI-ISI) programs have been developed and implemented in several countries, no direct comparison of various RI-ISI methodologies has been applied to the same plant.

2008-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

27

Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study (RI/FS) process, elements and techniques guidance  

SciTech Connect

This manual provides detailed guidance on Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Studies (RI/FSs) conducted pursuant to the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) at Department of Energy (DOE) facilities. The purpose of the RI/FS, to assess the risk posed by a hazardous waste site and to determine the best way to reduce that risk, and its structure (site characterization, risk assessment, screening and detailed analysis of alternatives, etc.) is defined in the National Oil and Hazardous Substances Pollution Contingency Plan (NCP) and further explained in the Environmental Protection Agency`s (EPA`s) Guidance for Conducting Remedial Investigations and Feasibility Studies Under CERCLA (Interim Final) 540/G-89/004, OSWER Directive 9355.3-01, October 1988. Though issued in 1988, the EPA guidance remains an excellent source of information on the conduct and structure of an RI/FS. This document makes use of supplemental RI/FS-related guidance that EPA has developed since its initial document was issued in 1988, incorporates practical lessons learned in more than 12 years of experience in CERCLA hazardous site remediation, and drawing on those lessons, introduces the Streamlined Approach For Environmental Restoration (SAFER), developed by DOE as a way to proceed quickly and efficiently through the RI/FS process at DOE facilities. Thus as its title implies, this guidance is intended to describe in detail the process and component elements of an RI/FS, as well as techniques to manage the RI/FS effectively.

Not Available

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

&RPSXWHU (QJLQHHULQJ DW WKH 8QLYHUVLW\\ RI ,OOLQRLV 3URI 6WHYHQ 6 /XPHWWD VWHYH#FUKFXLXFHGX  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 &RPSXWHU (QJLQHHULQJ DW WKH 8QLYHUVLW\\ RI ,OOLQRLV 3URI 6WHYHQ 6 /XPHWWD VWHYH#FUKFXLXFHGX 3URI 6

Lumetta, Steve

29

Application of LEED and SPiRiT to a Proposed Building Design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. Prepared for U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Washington, DC 20314-1000ABSTRACT: The planned U.S. Army Environmental Center (AEC) administrative and command functions facility at Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD has been designated an “Army Showcase Project, ” which must incorporate the principles of sustainable design and development (SDD), and be worthy of the Sustainable Project Rating Tool (SPiRiT) “platinum” level rating, and the U.S. Green Building Counsel’s (USGBC) rating of “platinum ” for Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED™). The U.S. Army Engineer Research Development Center, Construction Engineering Research Laboratory (ERDC/CERL) was tasked with performing an independent review of the preliminary DD Form 1391 to: (1) determine if the proposed design will rate “platinum ” in SPiRiT and LEED™, and if not, how to improve the design to ensure the “platinum ” rating; (2) determine the proposed energy savings from the base case model to the proposed design, and (3) review the SPiRiT and LEED ™ credits claimed by the A/E, and determine if any new credits will be associated with CERL-recommended design features. This study concluded that, with appropriate funding and review, this project has the potential to earn the “platinum ” rating on both LEED ™ and SPiRiT criteria, and to achieve

Sarah Nemeth; Donald Fournier; Richard Schneider; Ducey Franklin Holcomb; Richard Scholze; Megan Tooker; John Vavrin; Julie Webster; Sarah Nemeth; Richard Schneider; Roch Ducey; Franklin Holcomb; Eric Johnson; Andrew Phelps; Richard Scholze; David Schwenk; Annette Stumpf; William Taylor; Megan Tooker; John Vavrin; Julie Webster; Gary Phetteplace; Donald Fournier; Perrin Pellegrin

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

RiPed_By_ILookImager*p* #e?**íüç??ií /ft*rp-A,dçåST?L ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

RiPed_By_ILookImager*p*?#e?**íüç??ií /ft*rp-A,dçåST?L*6?É¢?î?OÉ? 42^¢*aÇå ? ????òl*¼ex?fAá7?«?ü?*?4TE?u\\?±«?X ...

2005-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

31

CA.0  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

of_f$ergy of_f$ergy Washington, DC 20545 *. CA.0 MAY 2 9 1987 .r ,. Hr. Carl Schafer Director of Environmental Poli,cy Office of the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Installations Pentagon . ..&&&.@.&&;-D.C. 20301 Dear Mr.~:Schafer: As you know, the Department of Ene,rgy (DOE) is implementing a program to identify sites that may be radiologically contaminated as a result of DOE predecessor operations and to correct any pioblems associated with this contamination if there is DOE authority to do so. Reviews of historical materials from the Manhattan Engineer District (MED) and Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) era conducted in support of this program have identified number of active and former Department of Defense (DOD) installations and

32

Nuclear Medicine CT Angiography  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nuclear Medicine CT Angiography Stress Testing Rotation The Nuclear Medicine/CT angiography. Understand the indications for exercise treadmill testing and specific nuclear cardiology tests, safe use patient and learn the importance of physical and pharmacologic stress in nuclear cardiology 3. Interpret

Ford, James

33

Experimental Approach to Stellar Reactions with RI Beams - Overview of Experiments on Hydrogen Burning -  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

After a short review on resent developments achieved in astrophysics in the past years since last NN conference, experimental efforts in nuclear astrophysics primarily with RI beams were revisited, especially on the works relevant to neutron-deficient nuclei, the other half of the nuclear chart reviewed by Rehm in this conference. A new interesting recognition discussed in the past years is the important role of explosive hydrogen burning process in the very early stage of type II supernovae. A new broadening research field related to the first generation stars both from observations as well as from nuclear astrophysics was also discussed.

S. Kubono

2007-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

34

Offering Songs, Festive Songs, Processional Songs mGar-gLu, Khro-Glu, Phebsnga: Khang Lhamo, Yandol & Pema Dolma Music: Ri Gya ri mendal bulsa re, 'The hill of the king is filled with offerings'  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

last updated on Monday, 4 April 2011 Accession Form for Individual Recordings: Collection / Collector Name ‘khro glu / Katey Blumenthal Tape No. / Track / Item No. 06_09_2010_Ri Gya ri mendal bulsa re.MP3 Length of track 00:08:53 Title of track... ) Medium (i.e. reel to reel, web-based file, DVD) Digital Recording Related tracks (include description/relationship if appropriate) Name of recorder (if different from collector) Date of recording 06/09/2010 Place of recording Lo Monthang, Mustang...

Blumenthal, Katey

35

IRFM Temperature Calibrations for the Vilnius, Geneva, RI(C) and DDO Photometric Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have used the infrared flux method (IRFM) temperatures of a large sample of late type dwarfs given by Alonso et al. (1996a) to calibrate empirically the relations Teff = f (colour, [Fe/H]) for the Vilnius, Geneva, RI(C) and DDO photometric systems. The resulting temperature scale and intrinsic colour-colour diagrams for these systems are also obtained. From this scale, the solar colours are derived and compared with those of the solar twin 18 Sco. Since our work is based on the same Teff and [Fe/H] values used by Alonso et al. (1996b) to calibrate other colours, we now have an homogeneous calibration for a large set of photometric systems.

Jorge Melendez; Ivan Ramirez

2002-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

36

Reconstruction of CT Images from Parsimonious Angular ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

internal human organs in a non-invasive manner. Any CT scan ...... Relative reconstruction error results for CT data without measurement error types of noisy CT ...

37

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Berkeley CA Site - CA 03  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Berkeley CA Site - CA 03 Berkeley CA Site - CA 03 FUSRAP Considered Sites Berkeley, CA Alternate Name(s): University of California Gilman Hall, University of California CA.03-1 Location: Gilman Hall, University of California, Berkeley, California CA.03-1 Historical Operations: Performed research and development on the synthesis and production of plutonium, resulting in uranium, plutonium, cesium and americium contamination. CA.03-3 CA.03-5 Eligibility Determination: Eligible CA.03-1 CA.03-2 Radiological Survey(s): Assessment Surveys CA.03-3 CA.03-4 Site Status: Certified- Certification Basis and Certification Statement CA.03-5 CA.03-6 Long-term Care Requirements: Long-Term Surveillance and Maintenance Requirements for Remediated FUSRAP Sites S07566_FUSRAP Also see Berkeley, CA, Site

38

The Sixth Risk-Informed Inservice Inspection (RI-ISI) Workshop: Living Requirements, Lessons Learned, and New Initiatives Meeting No tes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Sixth Risk-Informed Inservice Inspection (RI-ISI) Workshop was held in Hilton Head, South Carolina, USA, on July 29 and 30, 2004. It consisted of two days of training, presentations, a discussion forum, and evaluation of plant-specific results. Attendees included representatives from domestic and international utilities and support organizations. This workshop provided training to personnel investigating the feasibility of implementing RI-ISI methodologies, lessons learned in the development and impl...

2004-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

39

Bi-Ca (Bismuth - Calcium)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Bi-Ca crystallographic data...Bi-Ca crystallographic data Phase Composition, wt% Ca Pearson symbol Space group (Bi) 0 hR 2 R m Bi 3 Ca 6 � � Bi 10 Ca 11 17.4 tI 84 I 4/ mmm Bi 3 Ca 5 24.2 oP 32 Pnma BiCa 2 27.8 tI 12 I 4/ mmm (αCa) 100 cF 4 Fm m (βCa) 100 cI 2 Im m...

40

CA.O-O  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

3sR L C, C II Department of Energy -e ' Washington, DC 20545 CA.O-O - 0 MAY 2 9 1987 Mr. Carl Schafer Director of Environmental Policy Office of the Deputy Assistant Secretary of...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ri ct ca" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

A new fission-fragment detector to complement the CACTUS-SiRi setup at the Oslo Cyclotron Laboratory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An array of Parallel Plate Avalanche Counters (PPAC) for the detection of heavy ions has been developed. The new device, NIFF (Nuclear Instrument for Fission Fragments), consists of four individual detectors and covers $60\\%$ of 2$\\pi$. It was designed to be used in conjunction with the SiRi array of ${\\Delta}E-E$ silicon telescopes for light charged particles and fits into the CACTUS array of 28 large-volume NaI scintillation detectors at the Oslo Cyclotron Laboratory. The low-pressure gas-filled PPACs are sensitive for the detection of fission fragments, but are insensitive to scattered beam particles of light ions or light-ion ejectiles. The PPAC detectors of NIFF have good time resolution and can be used either to select or to veto fission events in in-beam experiments with light-ion beams and actinide targets. The powerful combination of SiRi, CACTUS, and NIFF provides new research opportunities for the study of nuclear structure and nuclear reactions in the actinide region. The new setup is particularly well suited to study the competition of fission and $\\gamma$ decay as a function of excitation energy.

Tamás Gábor Tornyi; Andreas Görgen; Magne Guttormsen; Ann-Cecilie Larsen; Sunniva Siem; Attila Krasznahorkay; Lóránt Csige

2013-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

42

CT NC0  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

x-L* d! x-L* d! CT NC0 - i , ,. i, .' i :.:(e.!' ,A\~, L.,t, - (iI :i' , . y- 2 .L i ._ 1 c\ :- i;! Ii $ 4. Ci:lc:i.nnati. 39, t>:::i.f> (J&l3 q-1 -3 sui3 Jrn T3 FRCM .I iirz 1 ?j ~ 1.3 bL1 T:' IP !REFOI?T TC 5YC?CZCiC~ :EWllIFl;j",tsSS L' I"JIsIc:;. .:;xli3;. iCAN !fA(=;-fL,yg-j L' sc,, E. $.iCLX:i?, -iIJ,x:q()Is. ON hL4X 24 - 25 ) 1.9tic ;i. A. Quiglel;, A.3, 3, M. ChenauEt gpxrIvB OF TP.~ The purpose of t3is trip was tc observe a proposed method for the dchy- dratim of green salt md to determine that all health and safety measures were being xrried out, SurveiU.ance of this nature provided protection against excessi3z personnel exposure, insured compliance with ICC shipping regulaticns, tion of the equ'~ and determined when adequate decontamira-

43

Category:Bridgeport, CT | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bridgeport, CT Bridgeport, CT Jump to: navigation, search Go Back to PV Economics By Location Media in category "Bridgeport, CT" The following 16 files are in this category, out of 16 total. SVFullServiceRestaurant Bridgeport CT Connecticut Light & Power Co.png SVFullServiceRestauran... 64 KB SVQuickServiceRestaurant Bridgeport CT Connecticut Light & Power Co.png SVQuickServiceRestaura... 63 KB SVHospital Bridgeport CT Connecticut Light & Power Co.png SVHospital Bridgeport ... 71 KB SVLargeHotel Bridgeport CT Connecticut Light & Power Co.png SVLargeHotel Bridgepor... 67 KB SVLargeOffice Bridgeport CT Connecticut Light & Power Co.png SVLargeOffice Bridgepo... 72 KB SVMediumOffice Bridgeport CT Connecticut Light & Power Co.png SVMediumOffice Bridgep...

44

Practical CT technology and techniques  

SciTech Connect

This handbook equips both radiologists and radiologists in training with a thorough working knowledge of the mechanisms and processes of computed tomography (CT) image generation, the common causes of image artifacts, and useful examination protocols for each area of the body. The author explains the fundamental technological principles of CT, focusing on those concepts crucial to successful CT examinations. The first part of the book succinctly reviews the fundamentals of CT technology. It begins with a methodical introduction to key principles of X-ray physics and technology, in which topics such as the modulation transfer function, magnification, and the X-ray tube are discussed in understandable, nonmathematical terms. The author then explains the basic technology of CT scanners, the principles of scan projection radiography, and the essential rules for radiation dosage determination and radiation protection. Careful attention is given to selectable scan factors in both routine and dynamic scanning, as well as to the processes involved in image creation and refinement and the chief determinants of image quality. Basic and specialized program features and the technology of image display, recording, and storage are also thoroughly described.

Berland, L.L.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Ca rlsbad Field Office  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

En ergy En ergy Ca rlsbad Field Office P. O . Box 3090 Carlsbad , New Mexico 88221 AUG 2 9 2013 Mr. John E. Kieling , Chief Hazardous Waste Bureau New Mexico Environment Department 2905 Rodeo Park Drive East, Building 1 Santa Fe, New Mexico 87505-6303 Subject: Notification of Class 1 Permit Modification to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant Hazardous Waste Facility Permit Number: NM4890139088-TSDF

46

CT Investment Partners LLP | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CT Investment Partners LLP Jump to: navigation, search Name CT Investment Partners LLP Place London, United Kingdom Zip WC2A 2AZ Sector Carbon Product Venture capital arm of the...

47

Hagit P. Affek Yale University, Dept. of Geology & Geophysics, 210 Whitney Ave. New Haven, CT 06520-8109  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Geophysics. · Caltech, Pasadena, CA. 2003-2007. Posdoc in Isotope geochemistry. Department of GeologicalHagit P. Affek Yale University, Dept. of Geology & Geophysics, 210 Whitney Ave. New Haven, CT 06520 Plants: Physiological Role and Isotopic Composition. Adviser: Dan Yakir. Professional experience · Yale

48

OAiC RiDGE NATIONAL LABORAl-ORY LKCKKBSP HAITI MANA%ED AND OPERATED BY  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

OH42 -7 OH42 -7 / i3-y OAiC RiDGE NATIONAL LABORAl-ORY LKCKKBSP HAITI MANA%ED AND OPERATED BY vxKHEEpyARluEwERoY fEsEARcHcxHtPoM~RN R3RmEuMYED~Am DEPMl' MEU?#bBgKiY . ORNL/TpvI-12968 Results of the Independent Radiological Verification Survey of the Remedial Action l?erformed at the Former Alba Craft Laboratory Site Oxford, Ohio (0x0001) K. R. Kleinhans M. E. Murray R. F. Carrier - This report has been reproduced directly from the best available copy. Available to DOE and DOE contractors from the Office of Scientific and Techni- cal Information, P.O. 60x 62, Oak Ridge, TN 37631; prices available from (615) 576-640 1, FTS 626-640 1. Available to the public from the National Technical Information Service, U.S. Department of Commerce, 5285 Port Royal Rd.. Springfield, VA 22161.

49

CT Offshore | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CT Offshore CT Offshore Place Otterup, Denmark Zip 5450 Sector Wind energy Product Denmark-based consultancy which provides assistance for project management, damage assessment and stabilization as well as other activities related to wind farms and subsea maintenance. Coordinates 55.543228°, 10.40294° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":55.543228,"lon":10.40294,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

50

CA IOUs Comment Letter  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

June 19, 2012 June 19, 2012 Mr. Daniel Cohen U.S. Department of Energy Office of the General Council 1000 Independence Avenue, SW., Room 6A245 Washington, DC 20585-0121 Dear Mr. Cohen: This letter comprises the comments of the Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG&E), Southern California Gas Company (SCGC), San Diego Gas and Electric (SDG&E), and Southern California Edison (SCE) in response to the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Request for Information on Regulatory Burden. The signatories of this letter, collectively referred to herein as the California Investor Owned Utilities (CA IOUs) represent some of the largest utility companies in the Western United States, serving over 35 million customers.

51

CT Solar Loan | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

a pilot loan program, CT Solar Loan, to provide homeowners with 15-year loans for solar PV equipment. The loans are administered through Sungage. Interested residents must...

52

Siemens Corporate Technology CT | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Name Siemens Corporate Technology (CT) Place Erlangan, Germany Sector Solar Product R&D lab for Siemens AG. Currently researching buckyballs and conductive plastic for solar...

53

Category:LA, CA | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

LA, CA LA, CA Jump to: navigation, search Go Back to PV Economics By Location Media in category "LA, CA" The following 16 files are in this category, out of 16 total. SVFullServiceRestaurant LA CA City of Los Angeles California (Utility Company).png SVFullServiceRestauran... 89 KB SVHospital LA CA City of Los Angeles California (Utility Company).png SVHospital LA CA City ... 88 KB SVLargeHotel LA CA City of Los Angeles California (Utility Company).png SVLargeHotel LA CA Cit... 88 KB SVLargeOffice LA CA City of Los Angeles California (Utility Company).png SVLargeOffice LA CA Ci... 92 KB SVMediumOffice LA CA City of Los Angeles California (Utility Company).png SVMediumOffice LA CA C... 87 KB SVMidriseApartment LA CA City of Los Angeles California (Utility Company).png

54

Category:Arcata, CA | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Arcata, CA Arcata, CA Jump to: navigation, search Go Back to PV Economics By Location Media in category "Arcata, CA" The following 16 files are in this category, out of 16 total. SVFullServiceRestaurant Arcata CA Pacific Gas & Electric Co.png SVFullServiceRestauran... 76 KB SVHospital Arcata CA Pacific Gas & Electric Co.png SVHospital Arcata CA P... 83 KB SVLargeHotel Arcata CA Pacific Gas & Electric Co.png SVLargeHotel Arcata CA... 78 KB SVLargeOffice Arcata CA Pacific Gas & Electric Co.png SVLargeOffice Arcata C... 79 KB SVMediumOffice Arcata CA Pacific Gas & Electric Co.png SVMediumOffice Arcata ... 79 KB SVMidriseApartment Arcata CA Pacific Gas & Electric Co.png SVMidriseApartment Arc... 71 KB SVOutPatient Arcata CA Pacific Gas & Electric Co.png

55

CT Solar Loan | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CT Solar Loan CT Solar Loan CT Solar Loan < Back Eligibility Multi-Family Residential Residential Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Program Info State Connecticut Program Type State Loan Program Provider Sungage, Inc. The Clean Energy Finance and Investment Authority is offering a pilot loan program, CT Solar Loan, to provide homeowners with 15-year loans for solar PV equipment. The loans are administered through Sungage. Interested residents must apply online to be pre-qualified for the loan. Once the loan is in place, an approved installer files permits, order equipment, and installs the system on behalf of the resident. See the program web site for application materials. Source http://www.dsireusa.org/incentives/incentive.cfm?Incentive_Code=CT101F

56

CA-TRIBE-YUROK TRIBE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CA-TRIBE-YUROK TRIBE CA-TRIBE-YUROK TRIBE Location: Tribe CA-TRIBE-YUROK CA TRIBE American Recovery and Reinvestment Act: Proposed Action or Project Description The Yurok Tribe of California proposes to conduct energy efficiency retrofits to the Klamath and Weitchpec Tribal Offices based on the results of the energy audits completed in 2006. The Klamath Office energy efficiency building retrofits would include repair/re-weatherstripping of exterior doors; installation of operable lovers on passive vents in the attic; replacement of double-pane windows; caulking; heating, ventilating, and air conditioning system repair and tuning; installation of check valves in hot water lines; insulation of hot water lines; timer repair; delamping; and occupancy sensors. The Weitchpec Office

57

Northeast - NY NJ CT PA Area | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Northeast - NY NJ CT PA Area Northeast - NY NJ CT PA Area (Redirected from New York Area - NY NJ CT PA) Jump to: navigation, search Contents 1 Clean Energy Clusters in the Northeast - NY NJ CT PA Area 1.1 Products and Services in the Northeast - NY NJ CT PA Area 1.2 Research and Development Institutions in the Northeast - NY NJ CT PA Area 1.3 Networking Organizations in the Northeast - NY NJ CT PA Area 1.4 Investors and Financial Organizations in the Northeast - NY NJ CT PA Area 1.5 Policy Organizations in the Northeast - NY NJ CT PA Area Clean Energy Clusters in the Northeast - NY NJ CT PA Area Products and Services in the Northeast - NY NJ CT PA Area Loading map... {"format":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"limit":500,"offset":0,"link":"all","sort":[""],"order":[],"headers":"show","mainlabel":"","intro":"","outro":"","searchlabel":"\u2026

58

Ion Stopping Powers and CT Numbers  

SciTech Connect

One of the advantages of ion beam therapy is the steep dose gradient produced near the ion's range. Use of this advantage makes knowledge of the stopping powers for all materials through which the beam passes critical. Most treatment planning systems calculate dose distributions using depth dose data measured in water and an algorithm that converts the kilovoltage X-ray computed tomography (CT) number of a given material to its linear stopping power relative to water. Some materials present in kilovoltage scans of patients and simulation phantoms do not lie on the standard tissue conversion curve. The relative linear stopping powers (RLSPs) of 21 different tissue substitutes and positioning, registration, immobilization, and beamline materials were measured in beams of protons accelerated to energies of 155, 200, and 250 MeV; carbon ions accelerated to 290 MeV/n; and iron ions accelerated to 970 MeV/n. These same materials were scanned with both kilovoltage and megavoltage CT scanners to obtain their CT numbers. Measured RLSPs and CT numbers were compared with calculated and/or literature values. Relationships of RLSPs to physical densities, electronic densities, kilovoltage CT numbers, megavoltage CT numbers, and water equivalence values converted by a treatment planning system are given. Usage of CT numbers and substitution of measured values into treatment plans to provide accurate patient and phantom simulations are discussed.

Moyers, Michael F., E-mail: MFMoyers@roadrunner.co [Department of Proton Therapy, Inc., Colton, CA (United States); Sardesai, Milind [Department of Long Beach Memorial Medical Center, Long Beach, CA (United States); Sun, Sean [Department of City of Hope National Medical Center, Duarte, CA (United States); Miller, Daniel W. [Department of Loma Linda University Medical Center, Loma Linda, CA (United States)

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Southern CA Area | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Southern CA Area Southern CA Area Jump to: navigation, search Contents 1 Clean Energy Clusters in the Southern CA Area 1.1 Products and Services in the Southern CA Area 1.2 Research and Development Institutions in the Southern CA Area 1.3 Networking Organizations in the Southern CA Area 1.4 Investors and Financial Organizations in the Southern CA Area 1.5 Policy Organizations in the Southern CA Area Clean Energy Clusters in the Southern CA Area Products and Services in the Southern CA Area Loading map... {"format":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"limit":500,"offset":0,"link":"all","sort":[""],"order":[],"headers":"show","mainlabel":"","intro":"","outro":"","searchlabel":"\u2026

60

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- American Brass Co - CT 01  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Brass Co - CT 01 Brass Co - CT 01 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: American Brass Co (CT.01 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: Anaconda Company Brass Division CT.01-1 Location: 414 Meadow Street , Waterbury , Connecticut CT.01-1 Evaluation Year: 1986 CT.01-2 Site Operations: Limited work with copper clad uranium billets during the 1950s. CT.01-1 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Potential for contamination considered remote based upon the limited scope of activities at the site CT.01-2 Radioactive Materials Handled: Yes Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Uranium CT.01-3 Radiological Survey(s): Yes - health and safety monitoring during operations only CT.01-3 Site Status: Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ri ct ca" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Northeast - NY NJ CT PA Area | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Northeast - NY NJ CT PA Area Northeast - NY NJ CT PA Area Jump to: navigation, search Contents 1 Clean Energy Clusters in the Northeast - NY NJ CT PA Area 1.1 Products and Services in the Northeast - NY NJ CT PA Area 1.2 Research and Development Institutions in the Northeast - NY NJ CT PA Area 1.3 Networking Organizations in the Northeast - NY NJ CT PA Area 1.4 Investors and Financial Organizations in the Northeast - NY NJ CT PA Area 1.5 Policy Organizations in the Northeast - NY NJ CT PA Area Clean Energy Clusters in the Northeast - NY NJ CT PA Area Products and Services in the Northeast - NY NJ CT PA Area Loading map... {"format":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"limit":500,"offset":0,"link":"all","sort":[""],"order":[],"headers":"show","mainlabel":"","intro":"","outro":"","searchlabel":"\u2026

62

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Fenn Machinery Co - CT 11  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Fenn Machinery Co - CT 11 Fenn Machinery Co - CT 11 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Fenn Machinery Co. (CT.11 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: New Britain , Connecticut CT.11-1 Evaluation Year: 1987 CT.11-1 Site Operations: Performed short-term tests on small quantities of uranium metal to explore potential for swaging, circa mid-1950 CT.11-1 CT.11-3 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Potential for contamination considered remote due to limited scope of activities and relatively small quantities of radioactive material used CT.11-1 Radioactive Materials Handled: Yes Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Uranium CT.11-3 Radiological Survey(s): None Indicated Site Status: Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP CT.11-2

63

Risk-Informed Monitoring, Verification and Accounting (RI-MVA). An NRAP White Paper Documenting Methods and a Demonstration Model for Risk-Informed MVA System Design and Operations in Geologic Carbon Sequestration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This white paper accompanies a demonstration model that implements methods for the risk-informed design of monitoring, verification and accounting (RI-MVA) systems in geologic carbon sequestration projects. The intent is that this model will ultimately be integrated with, or interfaced with, the National Risk Assessment Partnership (NRAP) integrated assessment model (IAM). The RI-MVA methods described here apply optimization techniques in the analytical environment of NRAP risk profiles to allow systematic identification and comparison of the risk and cost attributes of MVA design options.

Unwin, Stephen D.; Sadovsky, Artyom; Sullivan, E. C.; Anderson, Richard M.

2011-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

64

Thermodynamic Modeling of the CaO-FetO-CaF2 System for ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the present study, the thermodynamic modeling of the CaO-CaF2-FeO system was carried out. First, all available thermodynamic data on the CaF2-FeO and ...

65

IRFM T_eff calibrations for cluster and field giants in the Vilnius, Geneva, RI(C) and DDO photometric systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Based on a large sample of disk and halo giant stars, for which accurate effective temperatures derived through the InfraRed Flux Method (IRFM) exist, a calibration of the temperature scale in the Vilnius, Geneva, RI(C) and DDO photometric systems is performed. We provide calibration formulae for the metallicity dependent T_eff vs color relations as well as grids of intrinsic colors and compare them with other calibrations. Photometry, atmospheric parameters and reddening corrections for the stars of the sample have been updated with respect to the original sources in order to reduce the dispersion of the fits. Application of our results to Arcturus leads to an effective temperature in excellent agreement with the value derived from its angular diameter and integrated flux. The effects of gravity on these T_eff vs color relations are also explored by taking into account our previous results for dwarf stars.

I. Ramirez; J. Melendez

2003-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

66

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- American Cyanamid Co - CT 13  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cyanamid Co - CT 13 Cyanamid Co - CT 13 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: American Cyanamid Co (CT.13 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: Stamford , Connecticut CT.13-1 Evaluation Year: 1987 CT.13-1 Site Operations: Produced boron and possibly handled small amounts of refined radioactive source material circa 1940's. Also possibly performed research work on irradiated "J" slugs in 1952 and 1953. CT.13-1 CT.13-3 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Potential for contamination considered remote due to the limited scope of activities involving radioactive material performed at this site CT.13-2 Radioactive Materials Handled: Yes Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Uranium CT.13-1 Radiological Survey(s): No

67

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Sperry Products Inc - CT 07  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Sperry Products Inc - CT 07 Sperry Products Inc - CT 07 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: SPERRY PRODUCTS, INC. (CT.07) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: Danbury , Connecticut CT.07-1 Evaluation Year: 1994 CT.07-2 Site Operations: Performed tests involving non-destructive inspection techniques in the 1950s. CT.07-3 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Potential for contamination considered remote based on the limited scope of activities performed at the site CT.07-2 Radioactive Materials Handled: Yes Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Uranium CT.07-3 Radiological Survey(s): No Site Status: Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Also see Documents Related to SPERRY PRODUCTS, INC. CT.07-1 - Sperry Products Letter; VanValkenburg to DeRenzis;

68

Ca  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

elevation data for each year during the reporting period to determine the best month to map for that year. Month selection is based on the least perturbation to the natural...

69

Ca  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

transmits the Final Audit Report for Carlsbad Field Office Audit A-12-04 of the Savannah River Site Central Chara cterization Project (SRSCCP) processes performed to...

70

Ca  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Mr. Eric J. Fygi Mr. Eric J. Fygi U.S. Department of Energy Office of General Counsel GC-52 1000 Independence Ave. S.W. Washington, D.C. 20585 (PAA.notice@hq.doe.gov) RE: Comments Concerning the Continuation or Modification of the Provisions of the Price- Anderson Act Dear Mr. Fygi: On behalf of the Board of Lincoln County Commissioners, the Caliente City Council, and their Joint City/County Impact Alleviation Committee, I am pleased to submit the following comments concerning the continuation or modification of the provisions of the Price-Anderson Act. These comments reflect the perspectives of a county and city which are located at the end of " the funnel" through which the majority of all shipments of spent nuclear fuel, high and low-level radioactive waste will pass on their way to interim storage and/or disposal sites at the Nevada Test Site (NTS). Since

71

Primary heater module (extension), Phase II. Final report, January 1984-March 1985. Volume II, RI/RD85-184  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A one year extension to a program of study and research on coal fired heaters for closed-cycle, gas-turbine-based cogeneration systems of 25 to 50 MWe electrical output was conducted. The results of the basic program were reported in Ref. 3-17; the results of the extension are reported herein. The research included a 1000 hour materials exposure program on a 6' x 6' atmospheric pressure, fluidized-bed-fired, air heater with 1550 F working fluid exit temperature. The principal purpose was to evaluate the interrelationships between materials of heat exchanger construction and the configuration and operating conditions of the fluidized-bed air heater. Extensive metallographic and ceramographic analyses were conducted on specimens exposed during the firing period. The results indicate that during operations at 6 fps superficial velocity the in-bed tubes are coated with a hard deposit of bed material. Erosion is not a problem. But some sulfidation of all metals occurred, presumably due to CaSO/sub 4/ in the deposit. Silicon carbide ceramic specimens showed no degradation. The studies include: (1) a review of studies previously conducted on both power generation and cogeneration systems; (2) the identification of potential advanced systems; and (3) parametric studies of several advanced systems having potential for improved economics. These studies indicated the CCGT ''Power Only'' systems are only marginally competitive with steam-turbine-based systems. The base-line CCGT cogeneration system at 1450-1550 F turbine inlet temperature, however, is so fuel efficient that it is expected to find commercial application. Several advancements to the base line system were found technically feasible, but judged unlikely to be economically competitive. The radial inflow turbine is suggested as a candidate for development. 24 refs., 143 figs., 40 tabs.

Campbell, J.

1985-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Sandia National Laboratory (CA) Former Workers, Construction...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Former Workers, Construction Worker Screening Projects Sandia National Laboratory (CA) Former Workers, Construction Worker Screening Projects Project Name: Worker Health...

73

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Wesleyan University - CT 12  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Wesleyan University - CT 12 Wesleyan University - CT 12 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Wesleyan University (CT.12 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: Middletown , Connecticut CT.12-1 Evaluation Year: 1995 CT.12-2 Site Operations: Spectrographic research on small quantities of uranium wire (several inches in length) in Physics Department circa late 1950. CT.12-1 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Potential for contamination considered remote due to the limited scope of activities performed CT.12-2 Radioactive Materials Handled: Yes Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Uranium CT.12-1 Radiological Survey(s): No Site Status: Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Also see Documents Related to Wesleyan University

74

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- New Canaan Site - CT 08  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Year: 1985 CT.08-2 Site Operations: None; Investigation of area prompted by public query; no site found in New Canaan. CT.08-1 Site Disposition: Eliminated - No AEC site...

75

CA-96062042 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

96062042 96062042 Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home NEPA Document Collection for: CA-96062042 EIS at Medicine Lake Geothermal Area for Geothermal/Power Plant, Geothermal/Well Field, Geothermal/Transmission, Fourmile Hill Geothermal Development Project Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) / Environmental Impact Report (EIR) General NEPA Document Info Energy Sector Geothermal energy Environmental Analysis Type EIS Applicant Calpine Corporation Consultant MHA Environmental Consulting, Inc. Geothermal Area Medicine Lake Geothermal Area Project Location California Project Phase Geothermal/Power Plant, Geothermal/Well Field, Geothermal/Transmission Techniques Time Frame (days) NEPA Process Time 1455 Participating Agencies Lead Agency USFS, BLM Alturas Field Office

76

Nearly itinerant ferromagnetism in CaNi2 and CaNi3  

SciTech Connect

Single crystals of CaNi2 and CaNi3 are successfully grown out of excess Ca. Both compounds manifest a metallic ground state with enhanced, temperature-dependent magnetic susceptibility. The relatively high Stoner factors of Z=0.79 and 0.87 found for CaNi2 and CaNi3, respectively, reveal their close vicinity to ferromagnetic instabilities. The pronounced field dependence of the magnetic susceptibility of CaNi3 at low temperatures (T<25 K) suggests strong ferromagnetic fluctuations. A corresponding contribution to the specific heat with a temperature dependence of T3lnT is also observed.

Jesche, Anton; Dennis, Kevin W.; Kreyssig, Andreas; Canfield, Paul C.

2012-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

77

C:\\ANNUAL\\VENTCHAP.V8\\NGA.VP  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4 NJ WY AK AL CA AR CO CT DE FL GA HI ID KS IL IN IA IA KY LA ME MI MA MD MN MS MT MO NE ND OH NV NM NY NH NC OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT WA WV WI AZ VA DC 0.00-1.99 2.00-2.99...

78

C:\\ANNUAL\\VENTCHAP.V8\\NGAla1109.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0 NJ WY AK AL CA AR CO CT DE FL GA HI ID KS IL IN IA IA KY LA ME MI MA MD MN MS MT MO NE ND OH NV NM NY NH NC OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT WA WV WI AZ VA DC Sources: Energy...

79

NGA98fin5.vp  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

NJ WY AK AL CA AR CO CT DE FL GA HI ID KS IL IN IA IA KY LA ME MI MA MD MN MS MT MO NE ND OH NV NM NY NH NC OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT WA WV WI AZ VA DC 0.00-1.99 2.00-2.99...

80

U.S. Energy Information Administration | Annual Energy Outlook...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

3 Regional maps Figure F6. Coal supply regions WA ID OR CA NV UT TX OK AR MO LA MS AL GA FL TN SC NC KY VA WV WY CO SD ND MI MN WI IL IN OH MD PA NJ DE CT MA NH VT NY ME RI MT NE...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ri ct ca" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

CA-TRIBE-SUSANVILLE INDIAN RANCHERIA, CALIFORNIA  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

U.S. Department of Energy Categorical Exclusion Determination Form Program or Field Office: Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program Project Title CA-TRIBE-SUSANVILLE INDIAN RANCHERIA, CALIFORNIA Location: Tribe CA-TRIBE- SUSANVILLE INDIAN RANCHERIA, CALIFORNIA CA American Recovery and Reinvestment Act: Proposed Action or Project Description The Susanville Indian Racheria proposes to establish the EPA's Portfolio Manager tool to collect key

82

AOCS Official Method Ca 12-55  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Phosphorus AOCS Official Method Ca 12-55 Methods Methods and Analyses Analytical Chemistry Methods Downloads Methods Downloads DEFINITION This method determines phosphorus or the equivalent phosphatide content

83

AOCS Official Method Ca 6a-40  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Unsaponifiable Matter AOCS Official Method Ca 6a-40 Methods Methods and Analyses Analytical Chemistry Methods Downloads Methods Downloads DEFINITION Unsaponifiable matter includes those substances frequently fo

84

AOCS Official Method Ca 6b-53  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Unsaponifiable Matter AOCS Official Method Ca 6b-53 Methods Methods and Analyses Analytical Chemistry Methods Downloads Methods Downloads DEFINITION Unsaponifiable matter includes those substances frequently fo

85

AOCS Recommended Practice Ca 16-75  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Polyethylene in Fats and Oils AOCS Recommended Practice Ca 16-75 Methods Methods and Analyses Analytical Chemistry Methods Downloads Methods Downloads AOCS DEFINITION This method determine

86

AOCS Official Method Ca 18c-91  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Determination of Lead by Direct Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry AOCS Official Method Ca 18c-91 Methods Methods and Analyses Analytical Chemistry Methods Downloads Methods Downloads DEFINITION ...

87

AOCS Official Method Ca 12b-92  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Phosphorus by Direct Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectrometry AOCS Official Method Ca 12b-92 Methods Methods and Analyses Analytical Chemistry Methods Downloads Methods Downloads DEFINITION This method,

88

AOCS Official Method Ca 19-86  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Phospholipids in Vegetable Oils Nephelometric Method AOCS Official Method Ca 19-86 Methods Methods and Analyses Analytical Chemistry Methods Downloads Methods Downloads DEFINITION The nephelometric method measu

89

Automated size-specific CT dose monitoring program: Assessing variability in CT dose  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: The potential health risks associated with low levels of ionizing radiation have created a movement in the radiology community to optimize computed tomography (CT) imaging protocols to use the lowest radiation dose possible without compromising the diagnostic usefulness of the images. Despite efforts to use appropriate and consistent radiation doses, studies suggest that a great deal of variability in radiation dose exists both within and between institutions for CT imaging. In this context, the authors have developed an automated size-specific radiation dose monitoring program for CT and used this program to assess variability in size-adjusted effective dose from CT imaging. Methods: The authors radiation dose monitoring program operates on an independent health insurance portability and accountability act compliant dosimetry server. Digital imaging and communication in medicine routing software is used to isolate dose report screen captures and scout images for all incoming CT studies. Effective dose conversion factors (k-factors) are determined based on the protocol and optical character recognition is used to extract the CT dose index and dose-length product. The patient's thickness is obtained by applying an adaptive thresholding algorithm to the scout images and is used to calculate the size-adjusted effective dose (ED{sub adj}). The radiation dose monitoring program was used to collect data on 6351 CT studies from three scanner models (GE Lightspeed Pro 16, GE Lightspeed VCT, and GE Definition CT750 HD) and two institutions over a one-month period and to analyze the variability in ED{sub adj} between scanner models and across institutions. Results: No significant difference was found between computer measurements of patient thickness and observer measurements (p= 0.17), and the average difference between the two methods was less than 4%. Applying the size correction resulted in ED{sub adj} that differed by up to 44% from effective dose estimates that were not adjusted by patient size. Additionally, considerable differences were noted in ED{sub adj} distributions between scanners, with scanners employing iterative reconstruction exhibiting significantly lower ED{sub adj} (range: 9%-64%). Finally, a significant difference (up to 59%) in ED{sub adj} distributions was observed between institutions, indicating the potential for dose reduction. Conclusions: The authors developed a robust automated size-specific radiation dose monitoring program for CT. Using this program, significant differences in ED{sub adj} were observed between scanner models and across institutions. This new dose monitoring program offers a unique tool for improving quality assurance and standardization both within and across institutions.

Christianson, Olav; Li Xiang; Frush, Donald; Samei, Ehsan [Clinical Imaging Physics Group, Department of Radiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27705 and Department of Radiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Clinical Imaging Physics Group, Department of Radiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Department of Radiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States) and Carl E. Ravin Advanced Imaging Laboratories, Department of Radiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Department of Radiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Clinical Imaging Physics Group, Department of Radiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Department of Radiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Carl E. Ravin Advanced Imaging Laboratories, Department of Radiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Medical Physics Graduate Program, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Department of Physics, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27710 (United States); and Department of Biomedical Engineering, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27708 (United States)

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

90

Biodegradable Mg-Ca and Mg-1Ca-1Y alloys for Regenerative ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Biodegradable Mg-Ca and Mg-1Ca-1Y alloys for Regenerative Medicine ... in Multi–Length–Scale Bone Structure – An Investigation Using High-Energy X- Rays.

91

Ca-Based Liquid Metal Battery for Grid Scale Energy Storage: Ca-Mg  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Building upon the thermodynamic and electrochemical investigations of calcium- magnesium (Ca-Mg) and calcium-bismuth (Ca-Bi) binary electrode systems, the recent development and progress of ... Contact programming@programmaster. org.

92

CA CAIOlf Mr. Andrew Wallo. III, NE-23  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

kire 7900. 955 L*E,,fa,u PLUG S. W.. Washin@ on. D.C. 20024-2174, Tekphme: (202) 488-6000 kire 7900. 955 L*E,,fa,u PLUG S. W.. Washin@ on. D.C. 20024-2174, Tekphme: (202) 488-6000 7117-03.87.cdy.43 23 September 1987 CA CAIOlf Mr. Andrew Wallo. III, NE-23 Division of Facility & Site Decommissioning Projects U.S. Department of Energy Germantown, Maryland 20545 CT.05 FL .0-o/ lti.Ob id.Or Dear Mr. Wallo: In/. O-01 flA.05 ELIMINATION RECOMMENDATION -- COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES Mbj.o-03 I4 v.o+ The attached elimination recommendation was prepared in accordance ML.o= with your suggestion during our meeting on 22 September. The recommendation nO.O-02 includes 26 colleges and universities identified.in Enclosure 4 to Aerospace letter subject: Status of Actions - FUSRAP Site List, dated N0.63' 27 May 1987; three institutions (Tufts College, University of Virginia, kfC900

93

RI_50m_Wind  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

UnitedStatesWindHighResolutionRhodeIslandWindHighResolution.zip> Description: Abstract: Annual average wind resource potential for the state of Rhode...

94

Simultaneous CT and SPECT tomography using CZT detectors - Energy ...  

A method for simultaneous transmission x-ray computed tomography (CT) and single photon emission tomography (SPECT) comprises the steps of: injecting a subject with a ...

95

CT detection of occult pneumothorax in head trauma  

SciTech Connect

A prospective evaluation for occult pneumothorax was performed in 25 consecutive patients with serious head trauma by combining a limited chest CT examination with the emergency head CT examination. Of 21 pneuomothoraces present in 15 patients, 11 (52%) were found only by chest CT and were not identified clinically or by supine chest radiograph. Because of pending therapeutic measures, chest tubes were placed in nine of the 11 occult pneumothoraces, regardless of the volume. Chest CT proved itself as the most sensitive method for detection of occult pneumothorax, permitting early chest tube placement to prevent transition to a tension pneumothorax during subsequent mechanical ventilation or emergency surgery under general anesthesia.

Tocino, I.M.; Miller, M.H.; Frederick, P.R.; Bahr, A.L.; Thomas, F.

1984-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Table CT1. Energy Consumption Estimates for Major Energy Sources ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

R A D O. U.S. Energy Information Administration State Energy Data 2011: Consumption 89 Table CT6. Industrial Sector Energy Consumption Estimates, Selected Years, 1960 ...

97

Table CT1. Energy Consumption Estimates for Major Energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Energy Information Administration State Energy Data 2011: Consumption 365 Table CT2. Primary Energy Consumption Estimates, Selected Years, 1960-2011, North ...

98

Computed Tomography (CT) Scanning For Petrophysical Applications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

R&D Fac R&D Fac ts Carbon Sequestration ContaCtS David Wildman Division Director Geosciences Division National Energy Technology Laboratory 626 Cochrans Mill Road P.O. Box 10940 Pittsburgh, PA 15236 412-386-4913 david.wildman@netl.doe.gov T. Robert McLendon Geosciences Division National Energy Technology Laboratory 3610 Collins Ferry Road P.O. Box 880 Morgantown, WV 26507 304-285-2008 t.mclen@netl.doe.gov Duane H. Smith Geosciences Division

99

CT-121_cover.p65  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

INNOVATIVE APPLICATIONS INNOVATIVE APPLICATIONS OF TECHNOLOGY FOR THE CT-121 FGD PROCESS PROJECT PERFORMANCE SUMMARY CLEAN COAL TECHNOLOGY DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM AUGUST 2002 SOUTHERN COMPANY SERVICES, INC. DOE/FE-0449 Disclaimer This report was prepared using publicly available information, including the Final Technical Report and other reports prepared pursuant to a cooperative agreement partially funded by the U.S. Department of Energy. Neither the United States Government nor any agency, employee, contractor, or representative thereof, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe upon privately

100

Piecewise structural diffusion defined on shape index for noise reduction in dual-energy CT images  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The increasing radiation dose in dual-energy CT (DE-CT) scanning due to the double exposures at 80 kVp and 140 kVp is a major concern in the application of DE-CT. This paper presents a novel image-space denoising method, called piecewise structural ... Keywords: dual-energy CT, dual-energy CT colonography, noise reduction

Wenli Cai; June-Goo Lee; Da Zhang; Christina Piel; Hiroyuki Yoshida

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ri ct ca" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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101

CT reconstruction from limited projection angles  

SciTech Connect

When the available CT projection data are incomplete, there exists a null space in the space of possible reconstructions about which the data provide no information. Deterministic CT reconstructions are impotent in regard to this null space. Furthermore, it is shown that consistency conditions based on projection moments do not provide the missing projections. When the projection data consist of a set of parallel projections that do not encompass a complete 180/sup 0/ rotation, the null space corresponds to a missing sector in the Fourier transform of the original 2-D function. The long-range streak artifacts created by the missing sector can be reduced by attenuating the Fourier transform of the reconstruction smoothly to zero at the sector boundary. It is shown that the Fourier transform of a reconstruction obtained under a maximum entropy constraint is nearly zero in the missing sector. Hence, maximum entropy does not overcome the basic lack of information. It is suggested that some portion of the null space might be filled in by use of a priori knowledge of the type of image expected.

Hanson, K.M.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

CA-TRIBE-BLUE LAKE RANCHERIA  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CA-TRIBE-BLUE LAKE RANCHERIA CA-TRIBE-BLUE LAKE RANCHERIA Location: Tribe CA-TRIBE-BLUE CA LAKE RANCHERIA American Recovery and Reinvestment Act: Proposed Action or Project Description The Blue Lake Rancheria Tribe of California proposes to hire a technical consultant to gather additional information and make recommendations as to the best energy efficiency and conservation project or projects to utilize energy efficiency and conservation block grant funds. Following these recommendations, a decision will be made on building retrofits, and the specific retrofits will be identified and submitted for NEPA review. Conditions: None Categorical Exclusion(s) Applied: A9, A11 *-For the complete DOE National Environmental Policy Act regulations regarding categorical exclusions, see Subpart D of 10 CFR10 21

103

Microsoft Word - Household Energy Use CA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0 20 40 60 80 100 US PAC CA Site Consumption million Btu $0 $500 $1,000 $1,500 $2,000 $2,500 US PAC CA Expenditures dollars ALL ENERGY average per household (excl. transportation) 0 2,000 4,000 6,000 8,000 10,000 12,000 US PAC CA Site Consumption kilowatthours $0 $250 $500 $750 $1,000 $1,250 $1,500 US PAC CA Expenditures dollars ELECTRICITY ONLY average per household ï‚· California households use 62 million Btu of energy per home, 31% less than the U.S. average. The lower than average site consumption results in households spending 30% less for energy than the U.S. average. ï‚· Average site electricity consumption in California homes is among the lowest in the nation, as the mild climate in much of the state leads to less reliance on

104

Microsoft Word - Household Energy Use CA  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

0 20 40 60 80 100 US PAC CA Site Consumption million Btu $0 $500 $1,000 $1,500 $2,000 $2,500 US PAC CA Expenditures dollars ALL ENERGY average per household (excl. transportation) 0 2,000 4,000 6,000 8,000 10,000 12,000 US PAC CA Site Consumption kilowatthours $0 $250 $500 $750 $1,000 $1,250 $1,500 US PAC CA Expenditures dollars ELECTRICITY ONLY average per household ï‚· California households use 62 million Btu of energy per home, 31% less than the U.S. average. The lower than average site consumption results in households spending 30% less for energy than the U.S. average. ï‚· Average site electricity consumption in California homes is among the lowest in the nation, as the mild climate in much of the state leads to less reliance on

105

CA Core Competency Worksheet August 2010  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CA Core Competency Worksheet August 2010 CA Core Competency Worksheet August 2010 1 DOE CYBER SECURITY EBK: CORE COMPETENCY TRAINING REQUIREMENTS Key Cyber Security Role: Certification Agent (CA) (Also referred to as Security Control Assessor) Role Definition: The CA is the individual responsible for assessing the management, operational, assurance, and technical security controls implemented on an information system via security testing and evaluation (ST&E) methods. This individual must be independent of system development, operation, and deficiency mitigation. Competency Area: Data Security Functional Requirement: Design Competency Definition: Refers to the application of the principles, policies, and procedures necessary to ensure the confidentiality, integrity, availability, and privacy of data in all forms of media (i.e., electronic

106

AOCS Official Method Ca 3b-87  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hexane Residues in Fats and Oils AOCS Official Method Ca 3b-87 Methods Methods and Analyses Analytical Chemistry Methods Downloads Methods Downloads DEFINITION The residual hexane content is the quantity of vol

107

AOCS Official Method Ca 14-56  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Total, Free and Combined Glycerol Iodometric-Periodic Acid Method AOCS Official Method Ca 14-56 Methods Methods and Analyses Analytical Chemistry Methods Downloads Methods Downloads DEFINITION This method deter

108

AOCS Official Method Ca 6c-65  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hydrocarbons (Mineral Oil) AOCS Official Method Ca 6c-65 Methods Methods and Analyses Analytical Chemistry Methods Downloads Methods Downloads DEFINITION The sample in solvent is passed through a chromatographi

109

carleton.ca/science FACULTY OF SCIENCE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

carleton.ca/science FACULTY OF SCIENCE ANYTHING BUT TEXTBOOK #12;Areas of study Bachelor of Computer Science* Algorithms Biomedical Computing Computer Game Development Computer and Internet Security Mathematics Computer Science and Mathematics Concentrations in Computing Theory and Numerical Methods

Carleton University

110

AOCS Official Method Ca 3c-01  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Detection of a Volatile Organic Contaminant by GC-MS AOCS Official Method Ca 3c-01 Methods Methods and Analyses Analytical Chemistry Methods Downloads Methods Downloads DEFINITION This method describes the dete

111

AOCS Official Method Ca 18d-01  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Determination of Cadmium Content by Direct Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry AOCS Official Method Ca 18d-01 Methods Methods and Analyses Analytical Chemistry Methods Downloads Methods Downloads DEFINITION...

112

AOCS Official Method Ca 3a-46  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Insoluble Impurities AOCS Official Method Ca 3a-46 Methods Methods and Analyses Analytical Chemistry Methods Downloads Methods Downloads DEFINITION This method determines dirt, meal, and other foreign substance

113

AOCS Official Method Ca 14b-96  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Quantification of Free Glycerin in Selected Glycerides and Fatty Acid Methyl Esters by HPLC with Laser Light-Scattering Detection AOCS Official Method Ca 14b-96 Methods Methods and Analyses Analytical Chemistry Methods Downloads Methods Downloads ...

114

AOCS Official Method Ca 9a-52  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Refining Loss AOCS Official Method Ca 9a-52 Methods Methods and Analyses Analytical Chemistry Methods Downloads Methods Downloads DEFINITION This method determines the loss of free fatty acids, oil, and impurit

115

AOCS Official Method Ca 5a-40  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Free Fatty Acids AOCS Official Method Ca 5a-40 Methods Methods and Analyses Analytical Chemistry Methods Downloads DEFINITION This method determines the free fatty acids existing in the sample. SC

116

AOCS Official Method Ca 18b-91  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Determination of Copper, Iron, and Nickel by Direct Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry AOCS Official Method Ca 18b-91 Methods Methods and Analyses Analytical Chemistry Methods Downloads Methods Downloads DEFI

117

AOCS Official Method Ca 3e-02  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Determination of Visible Foots in Crude Fats and Oils AOCS Official Method Ca 3e-02 Methods Methods and Analyses Analytical Chemistry Methods Downloads Methods Downloads DEFINITION A homogenized test portion of

118

AOCS Official Method Ca 5c-87  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Butyric Acid AOCS Official Method Ca 5c-87 Methods Methods and Analyses Analytical Chemistry Methods Downloads Methods Downloads DEFINITION The butyric acid content of milkfat, butterfat, or mixtures of fats co

119

AOCS Recommended Practice Ca 5d-01  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Free Fatty Acids in Crude Vegetable Oils by Capillary Gas Chromatography AOCS Recommended Practice Ca 5d-01 Methods Methods and Analyses Analytical Chemistry Methods Downloads Methods Downloads AOCS DEFI

120

AOCS Official Method Ca 15b-87  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sodium and Calcium by Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry AOCS Official Method Ca 15b-87 Methods Methods and Analyses Analytical Chemistry Methods Downloads Methods Downloads DEFINITION Sodium (sodium soap) and

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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

AOCS Official Method Ca 15-75  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Analyses for Chromium, Copper, Iron and Nickel in Vegetable Oils by Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry AOCS Official Method Ca 15-75 Methods Methods and Analyses Analytical Chemistry Methods Downloads Methods Downloads DEFINI

122

AOCS Official Method Ca 11-55  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ash AOCS Official Method Ca 11-55 Methods Methods and Analyses Analytical Chemistry Methods Downloads Methods Downloads DEFINITION This method determines the residue remaining after incineration under the speci

123

AOCS Official Method Ca 12a-02  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Colorimetric Determination of Phosphorus Content in Fats and Oils AOCS Official Method Ca 12a-02 Methods Methods and Analyses Analytical Chemistry Methods Downloads Methods Downloads DEFINITION The test portion

124

AOCS Official Method Ca 3d-02  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Determination of Sediment in Crude Fats and Oils—Centrifuge Method AOCS Official Method Ca 3d-02 Methods Methods and Analyses Analytical Chemistry Methods Downloads Methods Downloads AOCS DEFINITION...

125

AOCS Official Method Ca 9f-57  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Neutral Oil and Loss AOCS Official Method Ca 9f-57 Methods Methods and Analyses Analytical Chemistry Methods Downloads Methods Downloads DEFINITION The total neutral oil of natural fats and oils consisting esse

126

AOCS Official Method Ca 2c-25  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Moisture and Volatile Matter Air Oven Method AOCS Official Method Ca 2c-25 Methods Methods and Analyses Analytical Chemistry Methods Downloads Methods Downloads DEFINITION This method determines the moisture an

127

AOCS Official Method Ca 13-56  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Total Gossypol in Oils AOCS Official Method Ca 13-56 Methods Methods and Analyses Analytical Chemistry Methods Downloads Methods Downloads DEFINITION Total gossypol defines gossypol and gossypol derivatives, bo

128

AOCS Official Method Ca 2f-93  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Determination of Moisture and Volatile Matter in Fats and Oils Modified Method AOCS Official Method Ca 2f-93 Methods Methods and Analyses Lipid Library Methods Downloads Methods Downloads DEFINITION This method

129

AOCS Official Method Ca 4-25  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Soluble Mineral Matter and Fatty Acids Combined as Mineral Soap AOCS Official Method Ca 4-25 Methods Methods and Analyses Analytical Chemistry Methods Downloads Methods Downloads DEFINITION This method determin

130

AOCS Official Method Ca 2a-45  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Moisture Distillation Method AOCS Official Method Ca 2a-45 Methods Methods and Analyses Analytical Chemistry Methods Downloads Methods Downloads DEFINITION This method determines the moisture by distillation wi

131

AOCS Official Method Ca 2e-84  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Moisture Karl Fischer Reagent AOCS Official Method Ca 2e-84 Methods Methods and Analyses Analytical Chemistry Methods Downloads Methods Downloads DEFINITION This method determines the actual water content of fa

132

AOCS Official Method Ca 2b-38  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Moisture and Volatile Matter Hot Plate Method AOCS Official Method Ca 2b-38 Methods Methods and Analyses Analytical Chemistry Methods Downloads Methods Downloads DEFINITION This method determines the moisture a

133

AOCS Official Method Ca 2d-25  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Moisture and Volatile Matter Vacuum Oven Method AOCS Official Method Ca 2d-25 Methods Methods and Analyses Analytical Chemistry Methods Downloads Methods Downloads DEFINITION This method determines the moisture

134

AOCS Official Method Ca 20-99  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Analysis for Phosphorus in Oil by Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectroscopy AOCS Official Method Ca 20-99 Methods Methods and Analyses Analytical Chemistry Methods Downloads Methods Downloads DEFINITION ...

135

AOCS Official Method Ca 17-01  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Determination of Trace Elements (Calcium, Copper, Iron, Magnesium, Nickel, Silicon, Sodium, Lead, and Cadmium) in Oil by Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectroscopy AOCS Official Method Ca 17-01 Methods Methods and Analyses Analytical Chemi

136

AOCS Official Method Ca 18-79  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Analysis for Chromium, Copper, Iron, Nickel, and Manganese in Triglyceride Oils by Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry Using a Graphite Furnace AOCS Official Method Ca 18-79 Methods Methods and Analyses Analytical Chemistry Methods Downloads Methods D

137

Former Worker Program - Low-Dose Spiral CT Scans for Early Lung...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of radiation emitted during CT scans. Chest CT, in general, requires less radiation exposure than other CT procedures because the air-filled tissues of the lungs are not as dense...

138

Electronic cleansing in CT colonography: past, present, and future  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fecal tagging is a means of ‘marking' fecal residues (stool and fluid) in a colon by use of the oral administration of a positive contrast agent (barium or iodine) in CT Colonography (CTC). Electronic cleansing (EC) is an emerging technique for ... Keywords: CT colonography, bowel preparation, electronic cleansing, fecal tagging

Wenli Cai; Hiroyuki Yoshida

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

San Diego, CA Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Mexico (Dollars...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

San Diego, CA Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Mexico (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) San Diego, CA Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Mexico (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)...

140

Ogilby, CA Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico (Million Cubic...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

View History: Monthly Annual Download Data (XLS File) Ogilby, CA Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico (Million Cubic Feet) Ogilby, CA Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ri ct ca" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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141

Calexico, CA Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico (Million...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

View History: Monthly Annual Download Data (XLS File) Calexico, CA Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico (Million Cubic Feet) Calexico, CA Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico...

142

Otay Mesa, CA Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico (Million...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

View History: Annual Download Data (XLS File) Otay Mesa, CA Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico (Million Cubic Feet) Otay Mesa, CA Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico...

143

Ogilby, CA Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico (Dollars per...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

View History: Monthly Annual Download Data (XLS File) Ogilby, CA Natural Gas Pipeline Exports to Mexico (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Ogilby, CA Natural Gas Pipeline Exports...

144

MicroCT: Automated Analysis of CT Reconstructed Data of Home Made Explosive Materials Using the Matlab MicroCT Analysis GUI  

SciTech Connect

This Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) provides the specific procedural steps for analyzing reconstructed CT images obtained under the IDD Standard Operating Procedures for data acquisition [1] and MicroCT image reconstruction [2], per the IDD Quality Assurance Plan for MicroCT Scanning [3]. Although intended to apply primarily to MicroCT data acquired in the HEAFCAT Facility at LLNL, these procedures may also be applied to data acquired at Tyndall from the YXLON cabinet and at TSL from the HEXCAT system. This SOP also provides the procedural steps for preparing the tables and graphs to be used in the reporting of analytical results. This SOP applies to production work - for R and D there are two other semi-automated methods as given in [4, 5].

Seetho, I M; Brown, W D; Kallman, J S; Martz, H E; White, W T

2011-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

145

MicroCT: Semi-Automated Analysis of CT Reconstructed Data of Home Made Explosive Materials Using the Matlab MicroCT Analysis GUI  

SciTech Connect

This Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) provides the specific procedural steps for analyzing reconstructed CT images obtained under the IDD Standard Operating Procedures for data acquisition [1] and MicroCT image reconstruction [2], per the IDD Quality Assurance Plan for MicroCT Scanning [3]. Although intended to apply primarily to MicroCT data acquired in the HEAFCAT Facility at LLNL, these procedures may also be applied to data acquired at Tyndall from the YXLON cabinet and at TSL from the HEXCAT system. This SOP also provides the procedural steps for preparing the tables and graphs to be used in the reporting of analytical results. This SOP applies to R and D work - for production applications, use [4].

Seetho, I M; Brown, W D; Kallman, J S; Martz, H E; White, W T

2011-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

146

Microsoft Word - Ct121R1.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Innovative Applications Innovative Applications of Technology for the CT-121 FGD Process A DOE Assessment DOE/NETL-2002/1177 September 2002 U.S. Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory P.O. Box 880, 3610 Collins Ferry Road Morgantown, WV 26507-0880 P.O. Box 10940, 626 Cochrans Mill Road Pittsburgh, PA 15236-0940 West Third Street, Suite 1400 Tulsa, OK 74103-3519 website: www.netl.doe.gov 2 Disclaimer This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents

147

CT113-53 Cape Wind Report_  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

M M Report of the Effect on Radar Performance of the Proposed Cape Wind Project and Advance Copy of USCG Findings and Mitigation U.S. Department of the Interior Minerals Management Service MMS Cape Wind Energy Project January 2009 Final EIS Appendix M Report of the Effect on Radar Performance of the Proposed Cape Wind Project and Advance Copy of USCG Findings and Mitigation Technology Service Corporation an employee-owned company 55 Corporate Drive 3rd Floor, Trumbull, Connecticut 06611 Phone: (203) 268-1249 Fax: (203) 452-0260 www.tsc.com Ref: TSC-CT113-53 Report of the Effect on Radar Performance of the Proposed Cape Wind Project Submitted to the United States Coast Guard December 16, 2008 USCG Order #HSCG24-08-F-16A248

148

CT Solar Loan | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Solar Loan Solar Loan No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Summary Last modified on March 29, 2013. Financial Incentive Program Place Connecticut Name CT Solar Loan Incentive Type State Loan Program Applicable Sector Multi-Family Residential, Residential Eligible Technologies Photovoltaics Active Incentive Yes Implementing Sector State/Territory Energy Category Renewable Energy Incentive Programs Terms 15 years Program Administrator The Clean Energy Finance and Investment Authority Website http://www.energizect.com/residents/programs/ctsolarloan Last DSIRE Review 03/29/2013 References Database of State Incentives for Renewables and Efficiency[1] Summary The Clean Energy Finance and Investment Authority is offering a pilot loan

149

Data:9d07de75-8323-42ea-9809-f6387ca003d0 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

5-8323-42ea-9809-f6387ca003d0 5-8323-42ea-9809-f6387ca003d0 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Village of Ludlow, Vermont (Utility Company) Effective date: 2013/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: 06 General Service Single Phase CT Metering Sector: Description: Source or reference: ISU Documentation DOE Sharepoint Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >>

150

NJ WY AK AL CA AR CO CT DE FL GA HI ID KS IL IN IA IA KY LA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

accomplishments accomplishments are impressive in themselves, and associ- ated with each milestone is the expansion of future produc- tion opportunities as another technical barrier is overcome. The extension of recovery opportunities into deep water has established the deep offshore as an area of considerable national significance. A second source of increased supply is gas from coalbed formations. Natural gas production from coalbed methane fields continued to grow in 1996 as projects initiated mainly in the early to mid 1990's matured through the dewatering phase into higher rates of gas production. Coalbed forma- tions contribute almost 1 trillion cubic feet, roughly 5 per- cent, to total U.S. production. Continued production growth from coalbeds is not likely in light of the precipitous drop in new wells completed in coalbed formations since the termination of the production tax

151

NJ WY AK AL CA AR CO CT DE FL GA HI ID KS IL IN IA IA KY LA  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

857, "Monthly Report of Natural Gas Purchases and Deliveries to Consumers." 0.00-1.99 2.00-2.99 3.00-3.99 4.00-4.99 5.00-5.99 6.00-6.99 7.00+ 15. Average City Gate Price of Natural...

152

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Electro Circuits Inc - CA 08  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Electro Circuits Inc - CA 08 Electro Circuits Inc - CA 08 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Electro Circuits, Inc. (CA.08 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: 401 East Green Street , Pasadena , California CA.08-1 Evaluation Year: 1994 CA.08-2 Site Operations: Conducted ultrasonic tests on uranium ingots in the early 1950s. CA.08-3 CA.08-4 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Potential for contamination remote based on limited operations at the site CA.08-2 Radioactive Materials Handled: Yes Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Uranium Metal CA.08-3 Radiological Survey(s): No Site Status: Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Also see Documents Related to Electro Circuits, Inc. CA.08-1 - AEC Memorandum; Parsegian to Musser; Subject: Transfer of

153

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Dorr Corp - CT 14  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

to D. Arnold; Subject: Description of work and associated costs for tests; October 19, 1954 CT.14-2 - US NRC Letter; R. Bellamy to J. Russo; Subject: NRC Safety Inspection and...

154

Composite structure development decisions using X-ray CT measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

X-ray computed tomography (CT) provides measurement data useful for making composite manufacturing development decisions. X-ray CT measurements of material characteristics are quantitative in terms of the dimensions, density, and composition. The CT data on internal conditions, such as consolidation, gaps, delaminations, cracks, porosity and detail placement can be applied to the refinement of production techniques for composite manufacture. The key item of interest is the effect of variations in pressure loading, temperature, mold shape, material surface preparation, and bond layer thickness on the resulting consolidation or bondline quality in new composite manufacturing processes. X-ray CT measurements of densification and defect presence as a function of technique parameters are of critical importance to processes such as resin transfer molding, injection molding, composite welding, composite layup and advanced bonding methods.

Bossi, R.H.; Georgeson, G.E. [Boeing Defense and Space Group, Seattle, WA (United States)

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Microsoft Word - CT for NETL Final rev4.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Display 32 Fig. 25. Sensor Side of 64-Element Array 33 Fig. 26. Integral Surface Mount Support Electronics 33 Fig. 27. Screen Shot of 64-Element Display 34 Fig. 28. 16-Element CT...

156

Supervised probabilistic segmentation of pulmonary nodules in CT scans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An automatic method for lung nodule segmentation from computed tomography (CT) data is presented that is different from previous work in several respects. Firstly, it is supervised; it learns how to obtain a reliable segmentation from examples in a training ...

Bram van Ginneken

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Segmentation of airway trees from multislice CT using fuzzy logic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The segmentation and reconstruction of the human airway tree from volumetric computed tomography (CT) images facilitates many clinical applications and physiological investigations. The main problem with standard automated region-growing segmentation ...

Tan Kok Liang; Toshiyuki Tanaka; Hidetoshi Nakamura; Toru Shirahata; Hiroaki Sugiura

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Olin Mathieson - CT 0-02  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Olin Mathieson - CT 0-02 Olin Mathieson - CT 0-02 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: OLIN MATHIESON (CT.0-02 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: United Nuclear Corporation CT.0-02-1 Location: New Haven , Connecticut CT.0-02-1 Evaluation Year: 1987 CT.0-02-1 Site Operations: Began fabrication of nuclear reactor fuel elements for AEC circa late-1950s. Later became part of a group forming United Nuclear Corp. and were then licensed by AEC. Performed work for U.S. Navy and commercial applications. CT.0-02-1 Site Disposition: Eliminated - No Authority - AEC licensed CT.0-02-1 Radioactive Materials Handled: Yes CT.0-02-1 Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Uranium CT.0-02-1 Radiological Survey(s): None Indicated

159

Category:San Francisco, CA | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CA CA Jump to: navigation, search Go Back to PV Economics By Location Media in category "San Francisco, CA" The following 16 files are in this category, out of 16 total. SVFullServiceRestaurant San Francisco CA Southern California Edison Co.png SVFullServiceRestauran... 71 KB SVMidriseApartment San Francisco CA Southern California Edison Co.png SVMidriseApartment San... 65 KB SVPrimarySchool San Francisco CA Southern California Edison Co.png SVPrimarySchool San Fr... 70 KB SVQuickServiceRestaurant San Francisco CA Southern California Edison Co.png SVQuickServiceRestaura... 66 KB SVSecondarySchool San Francisco CA Southern California Edison Co.png SVSecondarySchool San ... 65 KB SVStandAloneRetail San Francisco CA Southern California Edison Co.png SVStandAloneRetail San...

160

www.arts.uOttawa.ca www.programmes.uOttawa.ca 5-281  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

www.arts.uOttawa.ca www.programmes.uOttawa.ca 5-281 Linguistique MINEURE Le programme de mineure baccalauréat avec spécialisation approfondie avec Mineure en linguistique ­ 30 crédits mineure ou un des Sciences de la santé. LIN1710 Introduction à la linguistique I : Des mots aux énoncés

Petriu, Emil M.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ri ct ca" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Recipient: County of San Bernadino,CA  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Recipient: County of San Bernadino,CA Recipient: County of San Bernadino,CA Award #: EE 000 0903 ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND CONSERVATION BLOCK GRANTS NEPA COMPLIANCE FORM Activities Determination/ Categorical Exclusion Reviewer's Specific Instructions and Rationale (Restrictions and Allowable Activity) Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reduction Plan Environmental Impact Report (EECS) A9, All None - this NEPA determination is for the report only. Solar Electric System for Rancho Cucamonga County Office Building A9, All Waste Stream Clause Historic Preservation Clause Engineering Clause **This NEPA determination is limited to a roof-mounted system only. County Heating Ventilation and Air-Condition (HVAC) Retrofit Program B5.1 Waste Stream Clause Historic Preservation Clause Engineering clause Solar Electric System for High Desert Government Center

162

Metropolitan Water District of S CA | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Water District of S CA Jump to: navigation, search Name Metropolitan Water District of S CA Place California Utility Id 12397 Utility Location Yes Ownership S NERC Location WECC...

163

Low-Dose Spiral CT Scans for Early Lung Cancer Detection | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Low-Dose Spiral CT Scans for Early Lung Cancer Detection Low-Dose Spiral CT Scans for Early Lung Cancer Detection Low-Dose Spiral CT Scans for Early Lung Cancer Detection Low-dose spiral computed tomography (CT) scanning is a noninvasive medical imaging test that has been used for the early detection of lung cancer for over 16 years (Sone et al. 1998; Henschke et.al. 1999). A low-dose spiral chest CT differs from a full-dose conventional chest CT scan primarily in the amount of radiation emitted during CT scans. Chest CT, in general, requires less radiation exposure than other CT procedures because the air-filled tissues of the lungs are not as dense as the tissues of other organs (i.e., less x-ray radiation is needed to penetrate the lung). Radiation dose can be further reduced with lung cancer screening due to the

164

Ca, Li and Mg Based Lightweight Intermetallics for Hydrogen Storage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Nanoparticle Catalysts for Hydrogen Production from Methanol and Methane · Ca, Li and Mg Based Lightweight Intermetallics for Hydrogen Storage.

165

Financial Statement: IG-FS-CA-06-04  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Review of Actions to Correct Financial Control and Reporting Weaknesses; Audit Report No: OAS-FS/CA-06-04

166

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Stauffer-Temescal Co - CA 12  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Stauffer-Temescal Co - CA 12 Stauffer-Temescal Co - CA 12 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: STAUFFER-TEMESCAL CO. (CA.12) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: Stauffer Metals Company Stauffer-Temescal Co. CA.12-1 CA.12-2 CA.12-3 Location: 1201 South 47th Street , Richmond , California CA.12-1 CA.12-4 Evaluation Year: 1990 CA.12-5 CA.12-6 Site Operations: Conducted tests to determine the capabilities of electron beam melting on the purification of uranium. CA.12-1 CA.12-3 CA.12-4 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Potential for contamination remote based on limited operations at the site CA.12-5 CA.12-6 Radioactive Materials Handled: Yes Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Uranium CA.12-1 CA.12-3 Radiological Survey(s): Health and safety monitoring CA.12-7

167

Ca 2? permeation in cyclic nucleotide-gated channels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cyclic nucleotide-gated (CNG) channels conduct Na ?, K ? and Ca2 ? currents under the control of cGMP and cAMP. Activation of CNG channels leads to depolarization of the membrane voltage and to a concomitant increase of the cytosolic Ca2 ? concentration. Several polypeptides were identified that constitute principal and modulatory subunits of CNG channels in both neurons and non-excitable cells, co-assembling to form a variety of heteromeric proteins with distinct biophysical properties. Since the contribution of each channel type to Ca2 ? signaling depends on its specific Ca2 ? conductance, it is necessary to analyze Ca2 ? permeation for each individual channel type. We have analyzed Ca2 ? permeation in all principal subunits of vertebrates and for a principal subunit from Drosophila melanogaster. We measured the fractional Ca2 ? current over the physiological range of Ca2 ? concentrations and found that Ca2 ? permeation is determined by subunit composition and modulated by membrane voltage and extracellular pH. Ca2 ? permeation is controlled by the Ca2?-binding affinity of the intrapore cation-binding site, which varies profoundly between members of the CNG channel family, and gives rise to a surprising diversity in the ability to generate Ca2 ? signals.

Claudia Dzeja; Volker Hagen; Stephan Frings

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

www.uwo.ca/sci Discover yourself at Western  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

www.uwo.ca/sci Science at Western Discover yourself at Western including the Bachelor of Medical Sciences (BMSc) Program www.uwo.ca/bmscc #12;The University of Western Ontario Science at Western|2010|www.uwo.ca/sci Dear Student, Your interests and skills have guided you to seek higher education in the sciences. I am

Christensen, Dan

169

GRR/Elements/18-CA-c.16 to 18-CA-c.17 - Does the Developer or...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Public Appeal the Decision < GRR | Elements Jump to: navigation, search Edit 18-CA-b.16 to 18-CA-17 - Does the Developer or Public Appeal the Decision If the DTSC denies the...

170

GRR/Elements/18-CA-c.1 to 18-CA-c.3 - Does the Project Discharge...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

icon Twitter icon GRRElements18-CA-c.1 to 18-CA-c.3 - Does the Project Discharge Waste to Land in a Diffused Manner or Affect Groundwater Quality < GRR | Elements Jump...

171

GRR/Elements/18-CA-a.10 to 18-CA-a.11 - Does the Facility Discharge...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GRRElements18-CA-a.10 to 18-CA-a.11 - Does the Facility Discharge Waste Water or Drilling Waste to Land < GRR | Elements Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL...

172

GRR/Elements/14-CA-c.1 to 14-CA-c.2 - Is the Waste Water Associated...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Elements14-CA-c.1 to 14-CA-c.2 - Is the Waste Water Associated Only with Geothermal Operations < GRR | Elements Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY...

173

GRR/Elements/18-CA-a.13 to 18-CA-a.16 - Is the Waste Water Associated...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

8-CA-a.13 to 18-CA-a.16 - Is the Waste Water Associated Only with Geothermal Operations < GRR | Elements Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP...

174

A Compact Torus Fusion Reactor Utilizing a Continuously Generated Strings of CT's. The CT String Reactor, CTSR.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A fusion reactor is described in which a moving string of mutually repelling compact toruses (alternating helicity, unidirectional Btheta) is generated by repetitive injection using a magnetized coaxial gun driven by continuous gun current with alternating poloidal field. An injected CT relaxes to a minimum magnetic energy equilibrium, moves into a compression cone, and enters a conducting cylinder where the plasma is heated to fusion-producing temperature. The CT then passes into a blanketed region where fusion energy is produced and, on emergence from the fusion region, the CT undergoes controlled expansion in an exit cone where an alternating poloidal field opens the flux surfaces to directly recover the CT magnetic energy as current which is returned to the formation gun. The CT String Reactor (CTSTR) reactor satisfies all the necessary MHD stability requirements and is based on extrapolation of experimentally achieved formation, stability, and plasma confinement. It is supported by extensive 2D, MHD calculations. CTSTR employs minimal external fields supplied by normal conductors, and can produce high fusion power density with uniform wall loading. The geometric simplicity of CTSTR acts to minimize initial and maintenance costs, including periodic replacement of the reactor first wall.

Hartman, C W; Reisman, D B; McLean, H S; Thomas, J

2007-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

175

Generalized Partitioned Quantum Cellular Automata and Quantization of Classical CA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, in order to investigate natural transformations from discrete CA to QCA, we introduce a new formulation of finite cyclic QCA and generalized notion of partitioned QCA. According to the formulations, we demonstrate the condition of local transition functions, which induce a global transition of well-formed QCA. Following the results, extending a natural correspondence of classical cells and quantum cells to the correspondence of classical CA and QCA, we have the condition of classical CA such that CA generated by quantumization of its cells is well-formed QCA. Finally we report some results of computer simulations of quantumization of classical CA.

Shuichi Inokuchi; Yoshihiro Mizoguchi

2003-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

176

www.arts.uOttawa.ca www.programmes.uOttawa.ca 5-279  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

www.arts.uOttawa.ca www.programmes.uOttawa.ca 5-279 Linguistique B.A. spécialisé avec majeure en linguistique ­ 120 crédits (4 ans) Total 1re année 2e année 3e année 4e année Total 120 crédits (40 cours) 30) LIN1710 Introduction à la linguistique I : Des mots aux énoncés LIN1720 Introduction à la linguistique

Petriu, Emil M.

177

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Metals Selling Corp - CT 0-01  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Selling Corp - CT 0-01 Selling Corp - CT 0-01 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: METALS SELLING CORP. (CT.0-01 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: Putnam , Connecticut CT.0-01-1 Evaluation Year: 1986 CT.0-01-1 Site Operations: Performed grinding of (non-radioactive) magnesium circa 1950 -1952 as a sub-contractor to Mallinckrodt Corp. CT.0-01-1 Site Disposition: Eliminated - No indication that radioactive materials were handled at this location CT.0-01-1 Radioactive Materials Handled: No Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: None Radiological Survey(s): No Site Status: Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Also see Documents Related to METALS SELLING CORP. CT.0-01-1 - DOE Memorandum/Checklist D. Levine to File; Subject -

178

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Yale Heavy Ion Linear Accelerator - CT  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Yale Heavy Ion Linear Accelerator - Yale Heavy Ion Linear Accelerator - CT 05 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Yale Heavy Ion Linear Accelerator (CT.05) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: New Haven , Connecticut CT.05-1 Evaluation Year: 1987 CT.05-3 Site Operations: Research and development with solvents. CT.05-1 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Potential for contamination remote based on limited amount of materials handled CT.05-3 Radioactive Materials Handled: Yes Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Uranium, Radium CT.05-1 Radiological Survey(s): No Site Status: Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Also see Documents Related to Yale Heavy Ion Linear Accelerator CT.05-1 - MED Memorandum; To the Files, Thru Ruhoff, et. al.;

179

A New Approach in Metal Artifact Reduction for CT 3D Reconstruction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The 3D representation of CT scans is widely used in medical application such as virtual endoscopy, plastic reconstructive surgery, dental implant planning systems and more. Metallic objects present in CT studies cause strong artifacts like beam hardening ...

Valery Naranjo; Roberto Llorens; Patricia Paniagua; Mariano Alcañiz; Salvador Albalat

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Surface-Layer Fluxes Measured Using the CT2-Profile Method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The first experimental test of obtaining heat and momentum fluxes from measurements of the profile of the temperature structure parameter CT2 is performed. The parameter CT2 is obtained from resistance-wire thermometers as well as from optical-...

Reginald J. Hill; Gerard R. Ochs; James J. Wilson

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ri ct ca" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Test of 3D CT reconstructions by EM + TV algorithm from undersampled data  

SciTech Connect

Computerized tomography (CT) plays an important role in medical imaging for diagnosis and therapy. However, CT imaging is connected with ionization radiation exposure of patients. Therefore, the dose reduction is an essential issue in CT. In 2011, the Expectation Maximization and Total Variation Based Model for CT Reconstruction (EM+TV) was proposed. This method can reconstruct a better image using less CT projections in comparison with the usual filtered back projection (FBP) technique. Thus, it could significantly reduce the overall dose of radiation in CT. This work reports the results of an independent numerical simulation for cone beam CT geometry with alternative virtual phantoms. As in the original report, the 3D CT images of 128 Multiplication-Sign 128 Multiplication-Sign 128 virtual phantoms were reconstructed. It was not possible to implement phantoms with lager dimensions because of the slowness of code execution even by the CORE i7 CPU.

Evseev, Ivan; Ahmann, Francielle; Silva, Hamilton P. da [Universidade Tecnologica Federal do Parana - UTFPR/FB, 85601-970, Caixa Postal 135, Francisco Beltrao - PR (Brazil); Schelin, Hugo R. [Universidade Tecnologica Federal do Parana-UTFPR/FB,85601-970,Caixa Postal 135,Francisco Beltrao-PR (Brazil) and Faculdades Pequeno Principe-FPP, Av. Iguacu, 333, Rebou (Brazil); Yevseyeva, Olga [Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina - UFSC/ARA, 88900-000, Rua Pedro Joao Pereira, 150, Ararangua - SC (Brazil); Klock, Margio C. L. [Universidade Federal do Parana - UFPR Litoral, 80230-901, Rua Jaguaraiva 512, Caioba, Matinhos - PR (Brazil)

2013-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

182

The Mount Wilson Ca II K index  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is well established that both total and spectral solar irradiance are modulated by variable magnetic activity on the solar surface. However, there is still disagreement about the contribution of individual solar features for changes in the solar output, in particular over decadal time scales. Ionized Ca II K line spectroheliograms are one of the major resources for these long-term trend studies, mainly because such measurements have been available now for more than 100 years. In this paper we introduce a new Ca II K plage and active network index time series derived from the digitization of almost 40,000 photographic solar images that were obtained at the 60-foot solar tower, between 1915 and 1985, as a part of the monitoring program of the Mount Wilson Observatory. We describe here the procedure we applied to calibrate the images and the properties of our new defined index, which is strongly correlated to the average fractional area of the visible solar disk occupied by plages and active network. We show ...

Bertello, Luca; Boyden, John E; 10.1007/s11207-010-9570-z

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Matter Matters: Unphysical Properties of the Rh = ct Universe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It is generally agreed that there is matter in the universe and, in this paper, we show that the existence of matter is extremely problematic for the proposed Rh = ct universe. Considering a dark energy component with an equation of state of w=-1/3, it is shown that the presence of matter destroys the strict expansion properties that define the evolution of Rh = ct cosmologies, distorting the observational properties that are touted as its success. We further examine whether an evolving dark energy component can save this form of cosmological expansion in the presence of matter by resulting in an expansion consistent with a mean value of = -1/3, finding that the presence of mass requires unphysical forms of the dark energy component in the early universe. We conclude that matter in the universe significantly limits the fundamental properties of the Rh = ct cosmology, and that novel, and unphysical, evolution of the matter component would be required to save it. Given this, Rh = ct cosmology is not simpler or...

Lewis, Geraint F

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

GRR/Elements/18-CA-a.5 to 18-CA-a.9 - Is the Hazardous Waste Discovered at  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GRR/Elements/18-CA-a.5 to 18-CA-a.9 - Is the Hazardous Waste Discovered at GRR/Elements/18-CA-a.5 to 18-CA-a.9 - Is the Hazardous Waste Discovered at Site or will Site Produce Hazardous Waste < GRR‎ | Elements Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections 18-CA-a.5 to 18-CA-a.9 - Is the Hazardous Waste Discovered at Site or will Site Produce Hazardous Waste Delete Logic Chain No Parents \V/ GRR/Elements/18-CA-a.5 to 18-CA-a.9 - Is the Hazardous Waste Discovered at Site or will Site Produce Hazardous Waste (this page) \V/ No Dependents Under Development Add.png Add an Element Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=GRR/Elements/18-CA-a.5_to_18-CA-a.9_-_Is_the_Hazardous_Waste_Discovered_at_Site_or_will_Site_Produce_Hazardous_Waste&oldid=487194"

185

081001 CA CO2 Storage Pilot  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

California California CO2 Storage Pilot Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnerships Initiative Review Meeting Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania October 7, 2008 John Henry Beyer, Ph.D. WESTCARB Program Manager, Geophysicist 510-486-7954, jhbeyer@lbl.gov Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Earth Sciences Division, MS 90-1116 Berkeley, CA 94720 2 Industry Partner: Shell Oil Company Committed to reducing global CO2 emissions Extensive technical expertise in: - Geologic evaluation - Well log analysis - Porosity and permeability evaluation - Geophysics - Deep well drilling - CO2 injection A welcome industry partner 3 - Bevilacqua-Knight, Inc. (DOE/PIER) - Lawrence Berkeley National Lab (PIER) - Sandia Technologies, LLC (DOE/PIER) - Terralog (DOE) Northern California CO2 Storage Pilot Contracting and Funding Flow

186

Microsoft Word - Cd-CA.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The First Cadmium Enzyme - Carbonic Anhydrase 2 from the marine diatom Thalassiosira weissflogii Todd W. Lane 1 , Mak A. Saito 2 , Graham N. George 3 , Ingrid J. Pickering 3 , Roger C. Prince 4 and François M.M. Morel 5 1 Biosystems Research Department, Sandia National Labs, Livermore, CA 2 Marine Chemistry and Geochemistry Department, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 3 Department of Geological Sciences, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Canada 4 ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company, Annandale, NJ 5 Department of Geosciences, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ Cadmium is known to be extremely toxic to mammals, and is generally viewed alongside mercury an environmental problem and toxic element that is not used by nature in any way. We have reported the characterization of a previously unknown

187

CA Mr. Wayne Klassing Klassing Hardbrake Company  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

s/L / ' s/L / ' CA _ _.- Mr. Wayne Klassing Klassing Hardbrake Company P.O. Box 860 Joliet, Illinois 60434 E- 3 --- ,"".Y.- 1 , -4 v / 1 /89 ., ._ I.. Dear Mr. Klassing: The Department of Energy (DOE) has completed its review of the preliminary radiological data from the May 1989 survey of your facility in Joliet, Illinois, which is the site of the former W. E. Pratt Manufacturing Company. We are pleased to inform you that the survey has verified that the radiological condition of your facility is in compliance with applicable DOE Guidelines and that no remedial action or further investigations are necessary. We have directed our contractor, Oak Ridge Associated Universities, to send you a copy of the final report as soon as it is published. Once the final report is published, your site

188

County, CA. RECORD OF CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION DETERMINATION  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

access road maintenance access road maintenance and replacement of down guy wlfes and guy anchors on structure16/5 on the existing (Army Tap) Gila-Senator Wash 69-kV T.L. in Imperial County, CA. RECORD OF CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION DETERMINATION A. Proposed Action: Western proposes to conduct maintenance on access roads leading to structure 16/5 of the Gila-Senator Wash 69kV Transmission Line. All work will be done along existing access roads. This will consist of blading and leveling out areas of the existing access road using dozers, bucket trucks, crew trucks and pickup trucks. A backhoe will be used during replacement of the anchor guy and down guys, This work is necessary to maintain the safety and reliability of the bulk electrical system. The attached map shows the project area situated within Section 5 Township 15

189

California Fuel Cell Partnership CaFCP | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Partnership CaFCP Partnership CaFCP Jump to: navigation, search Name California Fuel Cell Partnership (CaFCP) Place West Sacramento, California Zip 95691 Sector Hydro, Hydrogen, Vehicles Product A collaboration of auto manufacturers, energy companies, fuel cell technology companies, and government agencies intended to demonstrate fuel cell vehicles under real driving conditions and to assist in the development of a hydrogen infrastructure. References California Fuel Cell Partnership (CaFCP)[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. California Fuel Cell Partnership (CaFCP) is a company located in West Sacramento, California . References ↑ "California Fuel Cell Partnership (CaFCP)"

190

3-1 Computer and Network Services (CaNS)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CaNS User Resources CaNS User Resources Computer and Network Services (CaNS) The primary mission of the CaNS Group is to provide the infrastructure and computing services within the W.R. Wiley Environmental Sciences Laboratory (EMSL) for an advanced computing environment that enables staff, visitors, and collaborators to effectively use computer and network resources for their scientific research and business requirements. In supporting EMSL's growing business and research needs regarding information sciences, CaNS secures global information access to our facilities by providing online remote access to both computing resources and scientific equipment. A large portion of the CaNS Group's efforts involves providing customer support to EMSL researchers and offsite users. For

191

CA-TRIBE-PAIUTE-SHOSHONE INDIANS OF THE LONE PINE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

U.S. Department of Energy Categorical Exclusion Determination Form Program or Field Office: Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program Project Title CA-TRIBE-PAIUTE-SHOSHONE INDIANS OF THE LONE PINE COMMUNITY Location: Tribe CA-TRIBE-PAIUTE- SHOSHONE INDIANS OF THE LONE PINE COMMUNITY CA American Recovery and Reinvestment Act: Proposed Action or Project Description The Paiute-Shoshone Indians of the Lone Pine Community propose to prepare a feasibility study for

192

RECIPIENT:Dehlsen Associates STATE: CA PROJECT TITLE:  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

STATE: CA PROJECT TITLE: Marine & Hydrokinetic Energy System Development of the Aquantis 2.5MW Ocean-Current Electricity Generation Device Funding Opportunity Announcement...

193

*Department of Computer Science, Stanford University, Stanford, CA ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

*Department of Computer Science, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305. E- mail: manchoso@cs.stanford.edu. ‚Department of Management Science and ...

194

AMORPHOUS THIN FILMS CONSISTING OF TERNARY MgZnCa ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jul 20, 2012 ... AMORPHOUS THIN FILMS CONSISTING OF TERNARY MgZnCa-ALLOYS by K. Schlüter, C. Zamponi, U. Schürmann, N. Hort, L. Kienle, K.U. ...

195

Beta decay of Neutron-Rich 53-56Ca  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Beta-decay properties of neutron-rich Ca isotopes have been obtained. Half-life values were determined for the first time for 54Ca [86(7) ms], 55Ca [22(2) ms], and 56Ca [11(2) ms]. The half-life of 230(6) ms deduced for 53Ca is significantly longer than reported previously, where the decay chain 53K -> 53Ca -> 53Sc was considered. A delayed gamma ray with energy 247 keV as identified following beta decay of 54Ca, and is proposed to depopulate the first 1+ level in 54Sc. The beta-decay properties compare favorably with the results of shell model calculations completed in the full pf-space with the GXPF1 interaction. The half-lives of the neutron-rich Ca isotopes are also compared with gross beta-decay theory. The systematic trend of the neutron-rich Ca half-lives is consistent with the presence of a subshell gap at N=32.

P. F. Mantica; R. Broda; H. L. Crawford; A. Damaske; B. Fornal; A. A. Hecht; C. Hoffman; M. Horoi; N. Hoteling; R. V. F. Janssens; J. Pereira; J. S. Pinter; J. B. Stoker; S. L. Tabor; T. Sumikama; W. B. Walters; X. Wang; S. Zhu

2008-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

196

Beta decay of Neutron-Rich 53-56Ca  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Beta-decay properties of neutron-rich Ca isotopes have been obtained. Half-life values were determined for the first time for 54Ca [86(7) ms], 55Ca [22(2) ms], and 56Ca [11(2) ms]. The half-life of 230(6) ms deduced for 53Ca is significantly longer than reported previously, where the decay chain 53K -> 53Ca -> 53Sc was considered. A delayed gamma ray with energy 247 keV as identified following beta decay of 54Ca, and is proposed to depopulate the first 1+ level in 54Sc. The beta-decay properties compare favorably with the results of shell model calculations completed in the full pf-space with the GXPF1 interaction. The half-lives of the neutron-rich Ca isotopes are also compared with gross beta-decay theory. The systematic trend of the neutron-rich Ca half-lives is consistent with the presence of a subshell gap at N=32.

Mantica, P F; Crawford, H L; Damaske, A; Fornal, B; Hecht, A A; Hoffman, C; Horoi, M; Hoteling, N; Janssens, R V F; Pereira, J; Pinter, J S; Stoker, J B; Tabor, S L; Sumikama, T; Walters, W B; Wang, X; Zhu, S

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Sandia National Laboratory (CA), Former Production Workers Screening...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

, Former Production Workers Screening Projects Sandia National Laboratory (CA), Former Production Workers Screening Projects Project Name: Worker Health Protection Program Covered...

198

GRR/Elements/18-CA-c.1 to 18-CA-c.3 - Does the Project Discharge Waste to  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GRR/Elements/18-CA-c.1 to 18-CA-c.3 - Does the Project Discharge Waste to GRR/Elements/18-CA-c.1 to 18-CA-c.3 - Does the Project Discharge Waste to Land in a Diffused Manner or Affect Groundwater Quality < GRR‎ | Elements Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections 18-CA-c.1 to 18-CA-c.3 - Does the Project Discharge Waste to Land in a Diffused Manner or Affect Groundwater Quality If waste is discharged to land in a diffused manner, such as that it causes soil erosion or the discharge affects groundwater, the developer must file a Report of Waste Discharge application (Form 200) and the necessary supplemental information with the appropriate Regional Water Quality Control Board (RWQCB) at least 120 days before beginning to discharge waste. Logic Chain No Parents

199

Low-energy electron scattering from Ca atoms and photodetachment of Ca{sup -}  

SciTech Connect

The B-spline R-matrix method is used to investigate electron scattering from neutral calcium and photodetachment of Ca{sup -} in the low-energy range from threshold to 4 eV. The multiconfiguration Hartree-Fock method with nonorthogonal orbital sets is employed for an accurate representation of the target wave functions. The close-coupling expansion includes 39 bound states of neutral calcium, covering all states from the ground state to 4s8s {sup 1}S. The present calculations yield good agreement with the few available experimental data for both elastic electron scattering and photodetachment of Ca{sup -}. The prominent resonance structure in the low-energy region is analyzed and discussed.

Zatsarinny, Oleg; Bartschat, Klaus; Gedeon, Sergey; Gedeon, Viktor; Lazur, Vladimir [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Drake University, Des Moines, Iowa 50311 (United States); Department of Theoretical Physics, Uzhgorod State University, Uzhgorod 88000 (Ukraine)

2006-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

200

Assessment of Summer RBOB Supply for NY & CT  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Update of Summer Reformulated Gasoline Supply Update of Summer Reformulated Gasoline Supply Assessment for New York and Connecticut May 5, 2004 In October 2003, EIA published a review of the status of the methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) ban transition in New York (NY) and Connecticut (CT) 1 that noted significant uncertainties in gasoline supply for those States for the summer of 2004. To obtain updated information, EIA spoke to major suppliers to the two States over the past several months as the petroleum industry began the switch from winter- to summer-grade gasoline. As discussed on our earlier report, the NY and CT bans on MTBE mainly affect reformulated gasoline (RFG), which in recent years has been provided by domestic refineries on the East Coast (PADD 1) and imports. Our recent findings indicate that

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201

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Santa Susana Field Laboratory - CA 09  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Santa Susana Field Laboratory - CA Santa Susana Field Laboratory - CA 09 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: SANTA SUSANA FIELD LABORATORY (CA.09 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP - Remediation and certification complete Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: Rockwell International, Energy Systems Group Atomics International CA.09-1 CA.09-2 Location: Chatsworth , California CA.09-3 Evaluation Year: 1985 CA.09-3 Site Operations: Conducted sodium reactor, irradiation and fuel burn up experimentation. CA.09-3 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Certification of remedial action completed CA.09-1 CA.09-3 Radioactive Materials Handled: Yes Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Uranium CA.09-2 Radiological Survey(s): Yes CA.09-3 CA.09-4 Site Status: Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP - Remediation and certification complete CA.09-5

202

Comparison of phosgene, chlorine, and hydrogen chloride as reagents for converting molten CaO. CaCl/sub 2/ to CaCl/sub 2/  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One method at Los Alamos for preparing impure plutonium metal from the impure oxide is by batch reduction with calcium metal at 850/sup 0/C in a CaCl/sub 2/ solvent. The solvent salt from this reduction is currently discarded as low-level radioactivity waste only because it is saturated with the CaO byproduct. We have demonstrated a pyrochemical technique for converting the CaO to CaCl/sub 2/ thereby incorporating solvent recycling into the batch reduction process. We will discuss the effectiveness of HCl, Cl/sub 2/, and COCl/sub 2/ as chlorinating agents and recycling actual spent process solvent salts. 6 refs., 8 figs.

Fife, K.W.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

NPP Grassland: Cañas, Costa Rica  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cañas, Costa Rica, 1969-1970 Cañas, Costa Rica, 1969-1970 [PHOTOGRAPH] Photograph: Exclosure at the Cañas site (click on the photo to view a series of images from this site). Data Citation Cite this data set as follows: Daubenmire, J. 1997. NPP Grassland: Cañas, Costa Rica, 1969-1970. Data set. Available on-line [http://www.daac.ornl.gov] from Oak Ridge National Laboratory Distributed Active Archive Center, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A. Description Productivity of a derived savanna was determined at the Cañas study site in north-western Costa Rica. Monthly dynamics of above-ground plant matter (live biomass, total live + dead standing crop and estimated mortality) were monitored from July 1969 to June 1970. The Cañas study site (10.4 N 85.1 W) was situated 8 km northwest of the town of Cañas in Guanacaste Province, 1.8 km from the Cañas (La Pacifica)

204

Determination of Liquidus Temperatures from Viscosity for CaO ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Novel Vacuum Aluminothermic Reduction Lithium Process · A Study on Production of ... An Estimation Model for the Viscosities of CaF2(-CaO)-Al2O3 Slags .... The Directional Preparation of Colored Steel Slag Glass-ceramic · The Effect of ...

205

CA Mr. Andrew Wallo, III, NE-23  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

?9OQ, 95.5 L'E&nt Plaza, SW.. W.ashin@.m, D.C. 20024.2174, Tekphone: (202) 488AQOO ?9OQ, 95.5 L'E&nt Plaza, SW.. W.ashin@.m, D.C. 20024.2174, Tekphone: (202) 488AQOO 7117-03.B7.cdy.43 23 September 1987 CA Mr. Andrew Wallo, III, NE-23 Division of Facility & Site Decommissioning Projects U.S. Oepartment of Energy Germantown, Maryland 20545 Dear Mr. Wallo: ELIMINATION RECOMMENDATION -- COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES zh/ ! o-01 lM!tl5 ML)!o-05 PI 77!0> The attached elimination recoannendation was prepared in accordance . -1 rlL.0~ with your suggestion during our meeting on 22 September. The recommendation flD.o-02 includes 26 colleges and universities identified~in Enclosure 4 to Aerospace letter subject: Status of Actions - FUSRAP Site List, dated MO.07. 27 May 1987; three institutions (Tufts College, University of Virginia, UCIIOJ and the University of Washington) currently identified on the FUSRAP

206

Microsoft Word - CaNS_2006c.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

CaNS Overview CaNS Overview Section 3-1-1 Computing and Networking Services The primary mission of Computing and Networking Services (CaNS) is to provide the infrastructure and computing services within the W.R. Wiley Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL) for an advanced computing environment that enables staff, visitors, and collaborators to effectively use computer and network resources for their scientific and business requirements. In supporting growing business and research needs of EMSL in the area of information sciences, CaNS secures global information access to our facilities by providing online remote access to both computing resources and scientific equipment. A large portion of the efforts undertaken by CaNS staff members involves

207

Property:EIA/861/IsoCa | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

IsoCa IsoCa Jump to: navigation, search Property Name ISO_CA Property Type Boolean Description Indicates that the organization conducts operations in the CA ISO region [1] References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - 861 Webfile Layout for 2010.doc" Pages using the property "EIA/861/IsoCa" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 3 3 Phases Energy Services + true + C City & County of San Francisco (Utility Company) + true + City of Alameda, California (Utility Company) + true + City of Anaheim, California (Utility Company) + true + City of Azusa, California (Utility Company) + true + City of Banning, California (Utility Company) + true + City of Biggs, California (Utility Company) + true + City of Colton, California (Utility Company) + true +

208

GRR/Elements/14-CA-c.8 to 14-CA-c.9 - Public Notice and Comment on Draft  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GRR/Elements/14-CA-c.8 to 14-CA-c.9 - Public Notice and Comment on Draft GRR/Elements/14-CA-c.8 to 14-CA-c.9 - Public Notice and Comment on Draft Project Approval Letter and Public Hearing (If Significant Amount of Comments) < GRR‎ | Elements Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections 14-CA-c.8 to 14-CA-c.9 - Public Notice and Comment on Draft Project Approval Letter and Public Hearing (If Significant Amount of Comments) The State Board posts the Draft Project Approval Letter for public comment. If the State Board receives a significant amount of comments on the Draft Project Approval Letter, the State Board will hold a public hearing on the Draft Project Approval Letter. Logic Chain No Parents \V/ GRR/Elements/14-CA-c.8 to 14-CA-c.9 - Public Notice and Comment on Draft

209

GRR/Elements/18-CA-c.13 to 18-CA-c.14 - Does the RWQCB Issue a Waste  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

to 18-CA-c.14 - Does the RWQCB Issue a Waste to 18-CA-c.14 - Does the RWQCB Issue a Waste Discharge Permit < GRR‎ | Elements Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections 18-CA-c.13 to 18-CA-c.14 - Does the RWQCB Issue a Waste Discharge Permit If the RWQCB adopts the WDRs, it issues the developer a WDR Permit. The WDR Permit is valid until the project no longer discharges or until revoked by the RWQCB. Logic Chain No Parents \V/ GRR/Elements/18-CA-c.13 to 18-CA-c.14 - Does the RWQCB Issue a Waste Discharge Permit (this page) \V/ No Dependents Under Development Add.png Add an Element Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=GRR/Elements/18-CA-c.13_to_18-CA-c.14_-_Does_the_RWQCB_Issue_a_Waste_Discharge_Permit&oldid=480725

210

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Dow Chemical Co - Walnut Creek - CA 02  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Dow Chemical Co - Walnut Creek - CA Dow Chemical Co - Walnut Creek - CA 02 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Dow Chemical Co. - Walnut Creek (CA.02 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: 2800 Mitchell Drive , Walnut Creek , California CA.02-1 Evaluation Year: 1987 CA.02-2 CA.02-3 Site Operations: From 1947 to 1957, conducted process studies and experimental investigations on different uranium and thorium-bearing ores; pilot-scale solvent extraction of uranium from phosphoric acid; liquid waste disposal studies CA.02-1 CA.02-4 CA.02-5 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Radiation levels below criteria CA.02-6 CA.02-7 Radioactive Materials Handled: Yes Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Uranium, Thorium CA.02-1 CA.02-4

211

Artifacts in Conventional Computed Tomography (CT) and Free Breathing Four-Dimensional CT Induce Uncertainty in Gross Tumor Volume Determination  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: Artifacts impacting the imaged tumor volume can be seen in conventional three-dimensional CT (3DCT) scans for planning of lung cancer radiotherapy but can be reduced with the use of respiration-correlated imaging, i.e., 4DCT or breathhold CT (BHCT) scans. The aim of this study was to compare delineated gross tumor volume (GTV) sizes in 3DCT, 4DCT, and BHCT scans of patients with lung tumors. Methods and Materials: A total of 36 patients with 46 tumors referred for stereotactic radiotherapy of lung tumors were included. All patients underwent positron emission tomography (PET)/CT, 4DCT, and BHCT scans. GTVs in all CT scans of individual patients were delineated during one session by a single physician to minimize systematic delineation uncertainty. The GTV size from the BHCT was considered the closest to true tumor volume and was chosen as the reference. The reference GTV size was compared to GTV sizes in 3DCT, at midventilation (MidV), at end-inspiration (Insp), and at end-expiration (Exp) bins from the 4DCT scan. Results: The median BHCT GTV size was 4.9 cm{sup 3} (0.1-53.3 cm{sup 3}). Median deviation between 3DCT and BHCT GTV size was 0.3 cm{sup 3} (-3.3 to 30.0 cm{sup 3}), between MidV and BHCT size was 0.2 cm{sup 3} (-5.7 to 19.7 cm{sup 3}), between Insp and BHCT size was 0.3 cm{sup 3} (-4.7 to 24.8 cm{sup 3}), and between Exp and BHCT size was 0.3 cm{sup 3} (-4.8 to 25.5 cm{sup 3}). The 3DCT, MidV, Insp, and Exp median GTV sizes were all significantly larger than the BHCT median GTV size. Conclusions: In the present study, the choice of CT method significantly influenced the delineated GTV size, on average, leading to an increase in GTV size compared to the reference BHCT. The uncertainty caused by artifacts is estimated to be in the same magnitude as delineation uncertainty and should be considered in the design of margins for radiotherapy.

Fredberg Persson, Gitte, E-mail: gitte.persson@rh.regionh.dk [Department of Radiation Oncology, Copenhagen University Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen (Denmark); Nygaard, Ditte Eklund; Munch af Rosenschoeld, Per; Richter Vogelius, Ivan; Josipovic, Mirjana [Department of Radiation Oncology, Copenhagen University Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen (Denmark); Specht, Lena [Department of Radiation Oncology, Copenhagen University Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen (Denmark); Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen (Denmark); Korreman, Stine Sofia [Department of Radiation Oncology, Copenhagen University Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen (Denmark); Department of Human Oncology, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin (United States); Niels Bohr Institute, Faculty of Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen (Denmark)

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Hypothyroidism After Head-and-Neck Radiotherapy in Children and Adolescents: Preliminary Results of the 'Registry for the Evaluation of Side Effects After Radiotherapy in Childhood and Adolescence' (RiSK)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: The 'Registry for the Evaluation of Side Effects After Radiotherapy in Childhood and Adolescence' (RiSK) has been established to prospectively characterize dose-volume effects of radiation in terms of side effects. The aim of this analysis was to characterize the function of the thyroid gland after radiotherapy to the head-and-neck region in children and adolescents. Methods and Materials: Detailed information regarding radiation doses to at-risk organs has been collected across Germany since 2001. Thyroid function was evaluated by blood value examinations of thyroid-stimulating hormone, triiodothyronine, and thyroxine. Information regarding thyroid hormone substitution was requested from the treating physicians. Results: Until May 2009, 1,086 patients from 62 centers were recruited, including 404 patients (median age, 10.9 years) who had received radiotherapy to the thyroid gland and/or hypophysis. Follow-up information was available for 264 patients (60.9%; median follow-up, 40 months), with 60 patients (22.7%) showing pathologic values. In comparison to patients treated with prophylactic cranial irradiation (median dose, 12 Gy), patients with radiation doses of 15 to 25 Gy to the thyroid gland had a hazard ratio of 3.072 (p = 0.002) for the development of pathologic thyroid blood values. Patients with greater than 25 Gy to the thyroid gland and patients who underwent craniospinal irradiation had hazard ratios of 3.768 (p = 0.009) and 5.674 (p gland and/or hypophysis, can frequently be observed after radiotherapy in children. A structured follow-up examination is advised.

Boelling, Tobias, E-mail: Tobias.Boelling@uni-muenster.de [Department of Radiotherapy, University Hospital of Muenster, Muenster (Germany); Department of Radiotherapy, Paracelsus Clinic Osnabrueck, Osnabrueck (Germany); Geisenheiser, Alina [Department of Radiotherapy, University Hospital of Muenster, Muenster (Germany); Pape, Hildegard [Department of Radiotherapy, University Hospital of Duesseldorf, Duesseldorf (Germany); Martini, Carmen [Department of Radiotherapy, University Hospital of Freiburg, Freiburg (Germany); Ruebe, Christian [Department of Radiotherapy, University Hospital of Homburg/Saar, Homburg/Saar (Germany); Timmermann, Beate [Center for Proton Radiation Therapy, Paul-Scherrer-Institute, Villigen (Switzerland); Fischedick, Karin [Department of Radiotherapy, University of Aachen, Aachen (Germany); Kortmann, Rolf-Dieter [Department of Radiotherapy, University of Leipzig, Leipzig (Germany); Gerss, Joachim; Koch, Raphael [Department of Medical Informatics and Biomathematics, University of Muenster, Muenster (Germany); Center for Clinical Trials, University Hospital of Muenster, Muenster (Germany); Willich, Normann [Department of Radiotherapy, University Hospital of Muenster, Muenster (Germany)

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Non-medical Uses of Computed Tomography (CT) and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Non-medical Uses of Computed Tomography (CT) Non-medical Uses of Computed Tomography (CT) and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) Resources with Additional Information Computed Tomography (CT) Scanner CT Scanner - Courtesy Stanford University Department of Energy Resources Engineering Computed tomography (CT) and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) have been used to resolve industrial problems, for materials characterizations, and to provide non-destructive evaluations for discovering flaws in parts before their use, resulting in greater reliability and greater safety for workers; to identify the presence and facilitate the recovery/extraction of oil, water, coal, and/or gas; and to provide non-destructive testing and quality control of fresh fruits and vegetables, enhancing the safety of food. These benefits of non-medical uses of CT and NMR contribute to the economy and improve people's lives.

214

CA-170-02-15 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CA-170-02-15 CA-170-02-15 Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home NEPA Document Collection for: CA-170-02-15 EA at Long Valley Caldera Geothermal Area for Geothermal/Exploration Basalt Canyon Slim Hole and Geothermal Well Exploration Projects General NEPA Document Info Energy Sector Geothermal energy Environmental Analysis Type EA Applicant Mammoth Pacific Consultant EMA Associates Geothermal Area Long Valley Caldera Geothermal Area Project Location California Project Phase Geothermal/Exploration Techniques Drilling Methods, Exploration Drilling, Exploratory Well, Slim Holes Time Frame (days) NEPA Process Time 77 Participating Agencies Lead Agency BLM Funding Agency none provided Managing District Office BLM Central California District Office

215

CA-067-2006-12 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CA-067-2006-12 CA-067-2006-12 Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home NEPA Document Collection for: CA-067-2006-12 EA at East Mesa Geothermal Area for {{{GeothermalDevelopmentPhases}}} Ormesa Geothermal Projects Continuing Geothermal Lease Operations East Mesa Known Geothermal Resource Area Imperial County, California General NEPA Document Info Energy Sector Geothermal energy Environmental Analysis Type EA Applicant Consultant Environmental Management Associates, Inc. Geothermal Area East Mesa Geothermal Area Project Location California Project Phase Techniques Time Frame (days) Participating Agencies Lead Agency none provided Funding Agency none provided Managing District Office none provided Managing Field Office none provided Funding Agencies none provided

216

CA-017-05-051 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CA-017-05-051 CA-017-05-051 Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home NEPA Document Collection for: CA-017-05-051 EA at Long Valley Caldera Geothermal Area for Geothermal/Well Field, Basalt Canyon Geothermal Pipeline Project Environmental Assessment and Draft Environmental Impact Report General NEPA Document Info Energy Sector Geothermal energy Environmental Analysis Type EA Applicant Mammoth Pacific Consultant Environmental Management Associates, Inc. Geothermal Area Long Valley Caldera Geothermal Area Project Location California Project Phase Geothermal/Well Field Techniques Comments California Clearinghouse Number 2003092101 Time Frame (days) Participating Agencies Lead Agency BLM Funding Agency none provided Managing District Office BLM Bishop Field Office

217

Dedicated breast CT: Fibroglandular volume measurements in a diagnostic population  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To determine the mean and range of volumetric glandular fraction (VGF) of the breast in a diagnostic population using a high-resolution flat-panel cone-beam dedicated breast CT system. This information is important for Monte Carlo-based estimation of normalized glandular dose coefficients and for investigating the dependence of VGF on breast dimensions, race, and pathology. Methods: Image data from a clinical trial investigating the role of dedicated breast CT that enrolled 150 women were retrospectively analyzed to determine the VGF. The study was conducted in adherence to a protocol approved by the institutional human subjects review boards and written informed consent was obtained from all study participants. All participants in the study were assigned BI-RADS{sup Registered-Sign} 4 or 5 as per the American College of Radiology assessment categories after standard diagnostic work-up and underwent dedicated breast CT exam prior to biopsy. A Gaussian-kernel based fuzzy c-means algorithm was used to partition the breast CT images into adipose and fibroglandular tissue after segmenting the skin. Upon determination of the accuracy of the algorithm with a phantom, it was applied to 137 breast CT volumes from 136 women. VGF was determined for each breast and the mean and range were determined. Pathology results with classification as benign, malignant, and hyperplasia were available for 132 women, and were used to investigate if the distributions of VGF varied with pathology. Results: The algorithm was accurate to within {+-}1.9% in determining the volume of an irregular shaped phantom. The study mean ({+-} inter-breast SD) for the VGF was 0.172 {+-} 0.142 (range: 0.012-0.719). VGF was found to be negatively correlated with age, breast dimensions (chest-wall to nipple length, pectoralis to nipple length, and effective diameter at chest-wall), and total breast volume, and positively correlated with fibroglandular volume. Based on pathology, pairwise statistical analysis (Mann-Whitney test) indicated that at the 0.05 significance level, there was no significant difference in distributions of VGF without adjustment for age between malignant and nonmalignant breasts (p= 0.41). Pairwise comparisons of the distributions of VGF in increasing order of mammographic breast density indicated all comparisons were statistically significant (p < 0.002). Conclusions: This study used a different clinical prototype breast CT system than that in previous studies to image subjects from a different geographical region, and used a different algorithm for analysis of image data. The mean VGF estimated from this study is within the range reported in previous studies, indicating that the choice of 50% glandular weight fraction to represent an average breast for Monte Carlo-based estimation of normalized glandular dose coefficients in mammography needs revising. In the study, the distributions of VGF did not differ significantly with pathology.

Vedantham, Srinivasan; Shi Linxi; Karellas, Andrew; O'Connell, Avice M. [Department of Radiology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts 01655 (United States); Department of Imaging Sciences, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York 14642 (United States)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

218

Nanoscale modulations in (KLa)(CaW)O-6 and (NaLa)(CaW)O-6  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Complex nanoscale modulations are identified in two new A-site ordered perovskites, (KLa)(CaW)O{sub 6} and (NaLa)(CaW)O{sub 6}. In (KLa)(CaW)O{sub 6}, selected-area electron diffraction (SAED) and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) show an incommensurate nanocheckerboard modulation with {approx}9.4 x 9.4 a{sub p} periodicity (a{sub p} {approx} 4 {angstrom} for the cubic perovskite aristotype). For (NaLa)(CaW)O{sub 6} a one-dimensional modulation is observed with a {approx}16(1 1 0)a{sub p} repeat; the orientation of the nanostripes is different from the stripes observed in other mixed A-site systems. Studies using high temperature x-ray diffraction suggest the formation of the complex modulations is associated with small deviations from the ideal 1:1:1:1 stoichiometry of the (A{sup +}La{sup 3+})(CaW)O{sub 6} phases. Z-contrast images acquired on an aberration-corrected microscope provide evidence for deviations from stoichiometry with a {approx}1:15 periodic arrangement of La{sub 4/3}(CaW)O{sub 6}:(NaLa)(CaW)O{sub 6} nano-phases.

Licurse, Mark [University of Pennsylvania; Borisevich, Albina Y [ORNL; Davies, Peter [University of Pennsylvania

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

RI critical in surburban hvdc substation design  

SciTech Connect

Access to existing rights of way, site availability and ample short circuit capabilities led to the location of Sylmar hvdc substation within the city limits of Los Angeles. The Department of Water and Power, in choosing this site as the southern terminus of the 851 mile, 400 kV, hvdc transmission line from The Dalles, Oregon, was faced with unusual problems in the suppression of radio and telephone interference.

York, E.

1968-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

MIEDER, WOLFGANG. Proverbs: A Handbook. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 2004. 304 pp.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

selecta bibliografía, Proverbs: A Handbook interesado en unWOLFGANG. Proverbs: A Handbook. Westport, CT: Greenwood,libros de referencia de Handbooks" publicado en el nueva la

Lee, Alejandro

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ri ct ca" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

10 A.M. CT TODAY: On-the Record Conference Call for Obama Administrati...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

White House Rural Economic Council Promotes Production of Next Generation Biofuels, Job Creation and Economic Opportunity WASHINGTON, Aug. 16, 2011 - Today at 10 a.m. CT (11...

222

Patient-specific dose estimation for pediatric chest CT  

SciTech Connect

Current methods for organ and effective dose estimations in pediatric CT are largely patient generic. Physical phantoms and computer models have only been developed for standard/limited patient sizes at discrete ages (e.g., 0, 1, 5, 10, 15 years old) and do not reflect the variability of patient anatomy and body habitus within the same size/age group. In this investigation, full-body computer models of seven pediatric patients in the same size/protocol group (weight: 11.9-18.2 kg) were created based on the patients' actual multi-detector array CT (MDCT) data. Organs and structures in the scan coverage were individually segmented. Other organs and structures were created by morphing existing adult models (developed from visible human data) to match the framework defined by the segmented organs, referencing the organ volume and anthropometry data in ICRP Publication 89. Organ and effective dose of these patients from a chest MDCT scan protocol (64 slice LightSpeed VCT scanner, 120 kVp, 70 or 75 mA, 0.4 s gantry rotation period, pitch of 1.375, 20 mm beam collimation, and small body scan field-of-view) was calculated using a Monte Carlo program previously developed and validated to simulate radiation transport in the same CT system. The seven patients had normalized effective dose of 3.7-5.3 mSv/100 mAs (coefficient of variation: 10.8%). Normalized lung dose and heart dose were 10.4-12.6 mGy/100 mAs and 11.2-13.3 mGy/100 mAs, respectively. Organ dose variations across the patients were generally small for large organs in the scan coverage (<7%), but large for small organs in the scan coverage (9%-18%) and for partially or indirectly exposed organs (11%-77%). Normalized effective dose correlated weakly with body weight (correlation coefficient: r=-0.80). Normalized lung dose and heart dose correlated strongly with mid-chest equivalent diameter (lung: r=-0.99, heart: r=-0.93); these strong correlation relationships can be used to estimate patient-specific organ dose for any other patient in the same size/protocol group who undergoes the chest scan. In summary, this work reported the first assessment of dose variations across pediatric CT patients in the same size/protocol group due to the variability of patient anatomy and body habitus and provided a previously unavailable method for patient-specific organ dose estimation, which will help in assessing patient risk and optimizing dose reduction strategies, including the development of scan protocols.

Li Xiang; Samei, Ehsan; Segars, W. Paul; Sturgeon, Gregory M.; Colsher, James G.; Frush, Donald P. [Medical Physics Graduate Program, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27705 and Department of Radiology, Duke Advanced Imaging Laboratories, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Medical Physics Graduate Program, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Department of Radiology, Duke Advanced Imaging Laboratories, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Department of Physics, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27710 (United States); and Department of Biomedical Engineering, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27708 (United States); Medical Physics Graduate Program, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27705 and Department of Radiology, Duke Advanced Imaging Laboratories, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Department of Radiology, Duke Advanced Imaging Laboratories, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Medical Physics Graduate Program, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27705 and Global Applied Science Laboratory, GE Healthcare, Waukesha, Wisconsin 53188 (United States); Medical Physics Graduate Program, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27705 and Department of Radiology, Division of Pediatric Radiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham North Carolina 27710 (United States)

2008-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

223

High-Resolution Structure of the Photosynthetic Mn4Ca Catalyst from X-ray Spectroscopy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the Photosynthetic Mn 4 Ca Catalyst from X-ray Spectroscopystructure of the Mn 4 Ca catalyst at high-resolution whichthe structure of Mn 4 Ca catalyst as it cycles through the

Yano, Junko

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

New Superheavy Element Isotopes: 242Pu(48Ca,5n)285114  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

New Superheavy Element Isotopes: Pu( 48 Ca,5n) 285 114 P. A.48 Ca irradiations of 242 Pu targets at a center-of-targetelement shell e?ects. The 242 Pu( 48 Ca,5n) 285 114 cross

Ellison, Paul A

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Thermodynamic properties and atomic structure of Ca-based liquid alloys  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To identify the most promising positive electrodes for Ca-based liquid metal batteries, the thermodynamic properties of diverse Ca-based liquid alloys were investigated. The thermodynamic properties of Ca-Sb alloys were ...

Poizeau, Sophie (Sophie Marie Claire)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

GN470094 - Handling Chemicals at SNL/CA  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

094, Handling Chemicals at SNL/CA 094, Handling Chemicals at SNL/CA Sponsor: Michael W. Hazen, 4000 Revision Date: October 31, 2008 Replaces Document Dated: October 16, 2007 This document is no longer a CPR. This document implements the requirements of Corporate procedure ESH100.2.IH.25, Control Chemical Hazards at SNL/CA. IMPORTANT NOTICE: A printed copy of this document may not be the document currently in effect. The official version is the online version located on the Sandia Restricted Network (SRN). GN470094 - HANDLING CHEMICALS AT SNL/CA Subject Matter Expert: Al Buerer GN470094, Issue E Revision Date: October 31, 2008; Replaces Document Dated: October 16, 2007 Change History 1.0 Purpose, Scope, and Ownership 2.0 Responsibilities 3.0 Definitions 4.0 Training 5.0 Protective Equipment 6.0 Procurement of Chemicals

227

Otay Mesa, CA Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Mexico (Dollars...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

data. Release Date: 7312013 Next Release Date: 8302013 Referring Pages: U.S. Price of Liquefied Natural Gas Exports by Point of Exit Otay Mesa, CA Natural Gas Exports to...

228

Otay Mesa, CA Liquefied Natural Gas Exports to Mexico (Dollars...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Date: 7312013 Next Release Date: 8302013 Referring Pages: U.S. Price of Liquefied Natural Gas Exports by Point of Exit Otay Mesa, CA Natural Gas Imports by Pipeline from...

229

Ohmic heated sheet for the Ca ion beam production  

SciTech Connect

The production of intense accelerated {sup 48}Ca ion beams is the key problem in the experiments on the synthesis of new superheavy nuclei. For this purpose in the FLNR (JINR), an electron cyclotron resonance ion source is used at the U-400 cyclotron. The combination of a micro oven with a hot tantalum sheet inside the discharge chamber allowed the production of the intense {sup 48}Ca{sup 5+} ion beam at the {sup 48}Ca consumption of about 0.5 mg/h. In this case, the tantalum sheet is heated by microwaves and plasma electrons. The microwave power of up to 500 W is required to heat the sheet to the temperature of about 500 deg. C. To decrease the required microwave power, a new sheet with a direct Ohmic heating was designed. The present paper describes the method, technique, and preliminary experimental results on the production of the Ca ion beam.

Efremov, A.; Bogomolov, S.; Kazarinov, N.; Kochagov, O.; Loginov, V. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna, Moscow 141980 (Russian Federation)

2008-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

230

Misocyclone Characteristics along Florida Gust Fronts during CaPE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Multiple-Doppler radar and rawinsonde data are used to examine misocyclone characteristics along gust fronts observed during the Convection and Precipitation/Electrification (CaPE) project in Florida. The objective of this study is to investigate ...

Katja Friedrich; David E. Kingsmill; Carl R. Young

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Phase equilibria in Ca-Co-O system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The phase equilibria in the ternary Ca-Co-O system have been studied by thermal analysis (DSC/DTA, TGA), X-ray diffraction of quenched samples and low temperature heat capacity measurements. These experimental data were combined with the data available in literature and used to assess the thermodynamic quantities of the involved phases. A particular focus was put on the misfit cobaltite Ca{sub 3}Co{sub 3.93}O{sub 9.36} as a potential candidate for high temperature thermoelectric conversion whose observed nonstoichiometry was described in terms of compound energy formalism. The phase diagram was mapped using FactSage program. - Graphical abstract: Heat capacity and decomposition behavior of misfit layer cobaltite, Ca{sub 3}Co{sub 3.93+x}O{sub 9+{delta}}. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Thermodynamic properties of phases involved in the Ca-Co-O system were assessed. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The misfit layer cobaltite Ca{sub 3}Co{sub 3.93+x}O{sub 9+d} was described using compound energy formalism. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The phase diagram of the Ca-Co-O system was calculated.

Sedmidubsky, D., E-mail: sedmidub@vscht.cz [Institute of Chemical Technology, Technicka 5, 166 28 Prague (Czech Republic); Jakes, V.; Jankovsky, O.; Leitner, J.; Sofer, Z. [Institute of Chemical Technology, Technicka 5, 166 28 Prague (Czech Republic)] [Institute of Chemical Technology, Technicka 5, 166 28 Prague (Czech Republic); Hejtmanek, J. [Institute of Physics of ASCR, v.v.i, Na Slovance 2, 182 21 Prague (Czech Republic)] [Institute of Physics of ASCR, v.v.i, Na Slovance 2, 182 21 Prague (Czech Republic)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

232

Laser interactions with embedded Ca metal nanoparticles in single crystal CaF{sub 2}  

SciTech Connect

Single crystal calcium fluoride (CaF{sub 2}) is an important material for vacuum-ultraviolet optics. Nevertheless, prolonged exposure to energetic radiation can color the material by producing calcium metal nanoparticles. We compare the effectiveness of laser conditioning treatments at wavelengths ranging from the near infrared to the deep ultraviolet in removing this coloration. Treatments at 157, 532, and 1064 nm can significantly reduce the visible coloration due to nanoparticles. In contrast, irradiation at 248 nm has little effect at fluences below the damage threshold for the material employed in this work. We present evidence that the effect of laser irradiation on coloration is principally thermal and is largely confined to the first 50 ns after each laser pulse. We attribute the wavelength dependence of the bleaching process to the wavelength dependence associated with Mie absorption by metal nanoparticles. The consequences of these observations with regard to laser conditioning processes in bulk optical materials are discussed.

Cramer, L.P.; Schubert, B.E.; Petite, P.S.; Langford, S.C.; Dickinson, J.T. [Materials Science Program and Physics Department, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington 99164-2814 (United States)

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Simultaneous CT and SPECT tomography using CZT detectors  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for simultaneous transmission x-ray computed tomography (CT) and single photon emission tomography (SPECT) comprises the steps of: injecting a subject with a tracer compound tagged with a .gamma.-ray emitting nuclide; directing an x-ray source toward the subject; rotating the x-ray source around the subject; emitting x-rays during the rotating step; rotating a cadmium zinc telluride (CZT) two-sided detector on an opposite side of the subject from the source; simultaneously detecting the position and energy of each pulsed x-ray and each emitted .gamma.-ray captured by the CZT detector; recording data for each position and each energy of each the captured x-ray and .gamma.-ray; and, creating CT and SPECT images from the recorded data. The transmitted energy levels of the x-rays lower are biased lower than energy levels of the .gamma.-rays. The x-ray source is operated in a continuous mode. The method can be implemented at ambient temperatures.

Paulus, Michael J. (Knoxville, TN); Sari-Sarraf, Hamed (Lubbock, TX); Simpson, Michael L. (Knoxville, TN); Britton, Jr., Charles L. (Alcoa, TN)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Resolution and noise trade-off analysis for volumetric CT  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Until recently, most studies addressing the trade-off between spatial resolution and quantum noise were performed in the context of single-slice CT. In this study, we extend the theoretical framework of previous works to volumetric CT and further extend it by taking into account the actual shapes of the preferred reconstruction kernels. In the experimental study, we also attempt to explore a three-dimensional approach for spatial resolution measurement, as opposed to the conventional two-dimensional approaches that were widely adopted in previously published studies. By scanning a finite-sized sphere phantom, the MTF was measured from the edge profile along the spherical surface. Cases of different resolutions (and noise levels) were generated by adjusting the reconstruction kernel. To reduce bias, the total photon fluxes were matched: 120 kVp, 200 mA, and 1 s per gantry rotation. All data sets were reconstructed using a modified FDK algorithm under the same condition: Scan field-of-view (SFOV)=10 cm, and slice thickness=0.625 mm. The theoretical analysis indicated that the variance of noise is proportional to >4th power of the spatial resolution. Our experimental results supported this conclusion by showing the relationship is 4.6th (helical) or 5th (axial) power.

Li Baojun; Avinash, Gopal B.; Hsieh, Jiang [Applied Science Laboratory, General Electric Healthcare, Waukesha, Wisconsin 53188 (United States)

2007-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

235

GRR/Elements/18-CA-a.5 to 18-CA-a.9 - Is the Hazardous Waste...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

5 to 18-CA-a.9 - Is the Hazardous Waste Discovered at Site or will Site Produce Hazardous Waste < GRR | Elements Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY...

236

GRR/Elements/18-CA-c.13 to 18-CA-c.14 - Does the RWQCB Issue...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

3 to 18-CA-c.14 - Does the RWQCB Issue a Waste Discharge Permit < GRR | Elements Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help...

237

GRR/Elements/14-CA-c.4 to 14-CA-c.5 - Review Application material and Data  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » GRR/Elements/14-CA-c.4 to 14-CA-c.5 - Review Application material and Data Request/Response < GRR‎ | Elements Jump to: navigation, search Edit 14-CA-c.4 to 14-CA-c.5 - Review Application material and Data Request/Response The DOGGR Regional and State Boards review the application and consult one another and local agencies, as necessary, to determine whether the application is complete. The DOGGR Regional and State Boards may require the applicant to submit additional data to demonstrate that the proposed injection will not endanger water quality. Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=GRR/Elements/14-CA-c.4_to_14-CA-c.5_-_Review_Application_material_and_Data_Request/Response&oldid=539604"

238

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Arthur D Little Co - CA 01  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Arthur D Little Co - CA 01 Arthur D Little Co - CA 01 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Arthur D Little Co (CA.01 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: Merrill Company CA.01-1 Location: San Francisco , California CA.01-2 Evaluation Year: 1986 CA.01-1 Site Operations: Performed research and development work on the modified char process for recovery of uranium from leach acid slurries; solvent extraction from carbonate leach solutions; and air oxidation of reduced uranium compounds CA.01-2 CA.01-3 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Facility torn down and removed CA.01-1 CA.01-3 Radioactive Materials Handled: Yes Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Uranium, Vanadium CA.01-2 Radiological Survey(s): No Site Status: Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP

239

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Mare Island Navy Yard - CA 0-01  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Mare Island Navy Yard - CA 0-01 Mare Island Navy Yard - CA 0-01 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: MARE ISLAND NAVY YARD (CA.0-01 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP - Referred to DoD Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: Mare Island , California CA.0-01-2 Evaluation Year: 1989 CA.0-01-1 Site Operations: Naval yard and shipping station. CA.0-01-2 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Referred to DOD CA.0-01-1 CA.0-01-2 Radioactive Materials Handled: None Indicated Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: None CA.0-01-2 Radiological Survey(s): None Indicated Site Status: Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP - Referred to DoD CA.0-01-2 Also see Documents Related to MARE ISLAND NAVY YARD CA.0-01-1 - DOE Memorandum; Wallo to Carwell; Subject: List of

240

Metal artifact reduction in dental CT images using polar mathematical morphology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract: Most dental implant planning systems use a 3D representation of the CT scan of the patient under study as it provides a more intuitive view of the human jaw. The presence of metallic objects in human jaws, such as amalgam or gold fillings, ... Keywords: Artifact reduction, Dental CT, Polar morphology

Valery Naranjo; Roberto Lloréns; Mariano Alcañiz; Fernando López-Mir

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ri ct ca" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Five Years of Cyclotron Radioisotope Production Experiences at the First PET-CT in Venezuela  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Five years operation of a compact cyclotron installed at PET-CT facility in Caracas, Venezuela is given. Production rate of {sup 18}F labeled FDG, operation and radiation monitoring experience are included. We conclude that {sup 18}FDG CT-PET is the most effective technique for patient diagnosis.

Colmenter, L.; Coelho, D.; Esteves, L. M.; Ruiz, N.; Morales, L.; Lugo, I. [Centro Diagnostico Docente, Las Mercedes, Caracas (Venezuela); Sajo-Bohus, L.; Liendo, J. A.; Greaves, E. D.; Barros, H. [Universidad Simon Bolivar, Seccion de Fisica Nuclear, Caracas (Venezuela); Castillo, J. [University of Applied Science of Aachen (Germany)

2007-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

242

AUTOMATIC HEART ISOLATION FOR CT CORONARY VISUALIZATION USING G. Funka-Lea1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AUTOMATIC HEART ISOLATION FOR CT CORONARY VISUALIZATION USING GRAPH-CUTS G. Funka-Lea1 , Y. Boykov3 isolate the outer surface of the entire heart in Computer Tomogra- phy (CT) cardiac scans. Isolating the entire heart allows the coronary vessels on the surface of the heart to be easily visu- alized despite

Boykov, Yuri

243

ECG-correlated image reconstruction from subsecond multi-slice spiral CT scans of the heart  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Subsecond spiral computed tomography(CT) offers great potential for improving heartimaging. The new multi-row detector technology adds significantly to this potential. We therefore developed and validated dedicated cardiacreconstruction algorithms for imaging the heart with subsecond multi-slice spiral CT utilizing electrocardiogram (ECG) information. The single-slice cardiacz-interpolation algorithms 180°CI and 180°CD [Med. Phys. 25

Marc Kachelrieß; Stefan Ulzheimer; Willi A. Kalender

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Non-medical Uses of Computed Tomography (CT) and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Non-medical Uses of Computed Tomography (CT) and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) Resources with Additional Information Computed Tomography (CT) Scanner CT Scanner - Courtesy Stanford University Department of Energy Resources Engineering Computed tomography (CT) and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) have been used to resolve industrial problems, for materials characterizations, and to provide non-destructive evaluations for discovering flaws in parts before their use, resulting in greater reliability and greater safety for workers; to identify the presence and facilitate the recovery/extraction of oil, water, coal, and/or gas; and to provide non-destructive testing and quality control of fresh fruits and vegetables, enhancing the safety of food. These benefits of non-medical uses of CT and NMR contribute to the economy and improve people's lives.

245

Determination of the forms of calcium present in coal chars by Ca K-edge XANES with Synchrotron Radiation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This work is concerned with the Ca transformations during the pyrolysis of Ca(OH)2 or CaCO3-added coals. Ca K-edge X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES) spectroscopy was applied to determine the forms of Ca in chars prepared from the pyrolysis of Ca-added coal. Results showed that Ca(OH)2 and CaSO4 existed in both the Ca(OH)2-added chars and the CaCO3-added chars, while CaS and CaO only existed in the chars prepared from the Ca(OH)2-added coal. Moreover, it was found that carboxyl Ca was formed during pyrolysis for either the Ca(OH)2-added coal or the CaCO3-added coals.

Liu, Lijuan; Cui, Mingqi; Hu, Yongfeng; Zheng, Lei; Zhao, Yidong; Ma, Chenyan; Xi, Shibo; Yang, Dongliang; Guo, Zhiying; Wang, Jie

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

PROCEEDINGS OF WORKSHOP ON THERMOMECHANICAL-HYDROCHEMICAL MODELING FOR A HARDROCK WASTE REPOSITORY. JULY 29-31, 1980. MARRIOTT INN, BERKELEY, CA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Isolation Project, Rockwell Hanford Opera- tions, RHO-BWI-A&M John B. Case Rockwell Hanford Operations N.G.W. Cook UCBJ. G. Patricio Rockwell Hanford Operations Bob Ri ecker lASl

Authors, Various

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

BRIEFINGS ON PHYSICAL SECURITY OF ELECTRICITY SUBSTATIONS - SAN JOSE, CA  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

BRIEFINGS ON PHYSICAL SECURITY OF ELECTRICITY SUBSTATIONS - SAN BRIEFINGS ON PHYSICAL SECURITY OF ELECTRICITY SUBSTATIONS - SAN JOSE, CA BRIEFINGS ON PHYSICAL SECURITY OF ELECTRICITY SUBSTATIONS - SAN JOSE, CA Briefings on Physical Security of Electricity Substations The Department of Energy (DOE) and Department of Homeland Security (DHS), in coordination with the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission's Office of Energy Infrastructure Security, the Electricity Sector Information Sharing and Analysis Center (ES-ISAC), North American Electricity Reliability Corporation (NERC), and industry experts, will conduct a series of briefings across the country with electricity sector owners and operators, and local law enforcement on the physical security of electricity substations. The session for FEMA Region IX will be held in San Jose, CA and hosted by

248

FUPWG Meeting Agenda - San Francisco, CA | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Francisco, CA Francisco, CA FUPWG Meeting Agenda - San Francisco, CA October 7, 2013 - 3:15pm Addthis Energy Efficiency - The San Francisco Treat / FUPWG November 1-2, 2006 November 1-2, 2006 Hosted by Pacific Gas and Electric Company Tuesday, October 31, 2006 5:00 - 6:30 Steering Committee meeting at Puccini and Pinetti Restaurant 6:30 until... Networking dinner at Puccini and Pinetti Restaurant Hosted by: Pacific Gas and Electric logo FEMP logo Wednesday, November 1, 2006 7:45 - 8:30 Registration/Continental Breakfast 8:30 - 8:45 PG&E Welcome Beverly Alexander, Vice President, Customer Care, PG&E 8:45 - 9:00 FEMP Welcome David McAndrew, FEMP 9:00 - 10:00 Agency Update: U.S. Postal Service Energy Program Ray Levinson, USPS 10:00 - 10:30 Break - Networking 10:30 - 11:10 Washington Update

249

FUPWG Meeting Agenda - San Diego, CA | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Diego, CA Diego, CA FUPWG Meeting Agenda - San Diego, CA October 7, 2013 - 2:59pm Addthis FUPWG Fall 2007 - San Diego, California: Clean and Green November 28 - 29, 2007 Hosted by San Diego Gas & Electric Tuesday, November 27, 2007 8:00 - 5:00 Utility Energy Service Contract (UESC) 5:30 pm Steering Committee Meeting - Pacific Ballroom 6:30 pm Networking Dinner - Elephant Castle Restaurant and Pub Hosted by: San Diego Gas and Electric - A Sempra Energy utility logo FEMP logo Wednesday, November 28, 2007 7:45 - 8:30 Registration/Continental Breakfast 8:30 - 8:45 San Diego Gas & Electric Welcome Rick Morrow 8:45 - 9:15 FEMP Welcome and Attendee Introductions David McAndrew, FEMP 9:15 - 9:45 Washington Update David McAndrew, FEMP FEMP Updates Legislative Update Strategic Action Plan Update

250

Emission Regulations Reduced Impact of Climate Change in CA  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Emission Regulations Emission Regulations Reduced Impact of Climate Change in CA Emission Regulations Reduced Impact of Climate Change in CA Study shows clean diesel programs slashed black carbon, a powerful short-term contributor to global warming June 13, 2013 | Tags: Climate Research, Hopper Jon Weiner 510-486-4014 jrweiner@lbl.gov CA-BC-graphic.jpg Sacramento - Reductions in emissions of black carbon since the late 1980s, mostly from diesel engines as a result of air quality programs, have resulted in a measurable reduction of concentrations of global warming pollutants in the atmosphere, according to a first-of-its-kind study examining the impact of black carbon on California's climate. The study, funded by the California Air Resources Board and led by Dr. Veerabhadran Ramanathan of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the

251

Nanoscale modulations in (KLa)(CaW)O{sub 6} and (NaLa)(CaW)O{sub 6}  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Complex nanoscale modulations are identified in two new A-site ordered perovskites, (KLa)(CaW)O{sub 6} and (NaLa)(CaW)O{sub 6}. In (KLa)(CaW)O{sub 6}, selected-area electron diffraction (SAED) and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) show an incommensurate nanocheckerboard modulation with {approx}9.4 Multiplication-Sign 9.4a{sub p} periodicity (a{sub p} Almost-Equal-To 4 A for the cubic perovskite aristotype). For (NaLa)(CaW)O{sub 6} a one-dimensional modulation is observed with a {approx}16(1 1 0)a{sub p} repeat; the Left-Pointing-Angle-Bracket 1 1 0 Right-Pointing-Angle-Bracket orientation of the nanostripes is different from the Left-Pointing-Angle-Bracket 1 0 0 Right-Pointing-Angle-Bracket stripes observed in other mixed A-site systems. Studies using high temperature x-ray diffraction suggest the formation of the complex modulations is associated with small deviations from the ideal 1:1:1:1 stoichiometry of the (A{sup +}La{sup 3+})(CaW)O{sub 6} phases. Z-contrast images acquired on an aberration-corrected microscope provide evidence for deviations from stoichiometry with a {approx}1:15 periodic arrangement of La{sub 4/3}(CaW)O{sub 6}:(NaLa)(CaW)O{sub 6} nano-phases. - Graphical abstract: Complex nanoscale modulations are identified in two new A-site ordered perovskites, (KLa)(CaW)O{sub 6} and (NaLa)(CaW)O{sub 6}. In (KLa)(CaW)O{sub 6}, selected-area electron diffraction and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy show a two-dimensional, nanocheckerboard modulation. For (NaLa)(CaW)O{sub 6} a one-dimensional modulation is observed; the Left-Pointing-Angle-Bracket 1 1 0 Right-Pointing-Angle-Bracket orientation of the nanostripes is different from the Left-Pointing-Angle-Bracket 1 0 0 Right-Pointing-Angle-Bracket stripes observed in other mixed A-site systems. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Two new A-site ordered perovskites were synthesized, (KLa)(CaW)O{sub 6} and (NaLa)(CaW)O{sub 6}. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Unusual 1D and 2D nanoscale patterns were observed. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Tolerance factor shown to be not enough to predict the observed morphologies. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer High temperature x-ray diffraction data suggests a loss of stoichiometry is related to the modulations. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Z-contrast imaging provides direct evidence for non-stoichiometry and a new model.

Licurse, Mark W., E-mail: mlicurse@seas.upenn.edu [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Pennsylvania, 3231 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104 (United States); Borisevich, Albina Y., E-mail: albinab@ornl.gov [Materials Science and Technology Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 (United States); Davies, Peter K., E-mail: davies@seas.upenn.edu [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Pennsylvania, 3231 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104 (United States)

2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

252

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Naval Ordnance Test Station - CA 06  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ordnance Test Station - CA 06 Ordnance Test Station - CA 06 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: NAVAL ORDNANCE TEST STATION (CA.06) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: China Lake Naval Weapons Center Salt Wells Pilot Plant CA.06-1 Location: Inyokern , California CA.06-1 Evaluation Year: 1987 CA.06-1 Site Operations: Naval facility; experimental development work on shape charges and quality castings on a pilot plant scale. CA.06-1 Site Disposition: Eliminated - No indication that radioactive materials were handled at the site CA.06-1 Radioactive Materials Handled: None Indicated CA.06-1 Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: None CA.06-1 Radiological Survey(s): No Site Status: Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Also see

253

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Burris Park Field Station - CA 10  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Burris Park Field Station - CA 10 Burris Park Field Station - CA 10 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: Burris Park Field Station (CA.10 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: Kingsburg , California CA.10-1 Evaluation Year: 1987 CA.10-2 Site Operations: Site owned and operated by Univ. of CA conducted experiments on decontamination of soils containing Strontium-90. CA.10-1 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Adequate remediation activities performed by the University of California CA.10-2 Radioactive Materials Handled: Yes Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Strontium CA.10-1 Radiological Survey(s): Yes CA.10-1 Site Status: Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Also see Documents Related to Burris Park Field Station

254

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- Shannon Luminous Metals Co - CA 0-03  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Shannon Luminous Metals Co - CA Shannon Luminous Metals Co - CA 0-03 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: SHANNON LUMINOUS METALS CO. (CA.0-03 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: Shannon Luminous Metals CA.0-03-3 Location: 7356 Santa Monica Blvd. , Hollywood , California CA.0-03-1 Evaluation Year: 1987 CA.0-03-2 Site Operations: Research and development of uranium use in luminous paint pigments in the 1950s. CA.0-03-1 Site Disposition: Eliminated - No Authority - NRC licensed CA.0-03-3 Radioactive Materials Handled: Yes Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Uranium CA.0-03-1 Radiological Survey(s): No Site Status: Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Also see Documents Related to SHANNON LUMINOUS METALS CO. CA.0-03-1 - AEC Letter; Burman to Alburger; Subject: AEC License

255

Dynamic polarizabilities for the low lying states of Ca+  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The dynamic polarizabilities of the 4s, 3d and 4p states of Ca$^+$, are calculated using a relativistic structure model. The wavelengths at which the Stark shifts between different pairs of transitions are zero are computed. Experimental determination of the magic wavelengths can be used to estimate the ratio of the $f_{3d_{J}\\to 4p_{J'}}$ and $f_{4s_{1/2} \\to 4p_{J'}}$ oscillator strengths. This could prove valuable in developing better atomic structure models and in particular lead to improved values of the polarizabilities needed in the evaluation of the blackbody radiation shift of the Ca$^+$ ion.

Tang, Yong-Bo; Shi, Ting-Yun; Mitroy, J

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Influence of activity of CaSO4 ? 2H2O on hydrothermal formation of CaSO4 ? 0.5H2O whiskers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Theinfluence of the activity of calciumsulfate dihydrate (CaSO4 ? 2H2O) on the hydrothermal formation of CaSO4 ?0.5H2O whiskers was investigated in this paper, using commercial CaSO4 ? ...

S. C. Hou, L. Xiang

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

McMaster University Libraries library.mcmaster.ca 905.525.9140 x22000 thoderef@mcmaster.ca Introduction to Searching SciFinder Web  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Master University Libraries · library.mcmaster.ca · 905.525.9140 x22000 · thoderef@mcmaster.ca Enter terms in search. How to Search SciFinder From the Library Homepage: library.mcmaster.ca enter scifinderFinder Web Enter formula in search box and click Hill order is not required, but in case no results are found

Haykin, Simon

258

Multi-channel CSMA/CA based smart utility networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

IEEE 802.15.4g is a recent standard for Smart Utility Networks (SUN). SUN is a house-to-house level subordinate network in the Smart Grid network. IEEE 802.15.4g uses a Carrier Sense Multiple Access/Collision Avoidance (CSMA/CA) algorithm for channel ...

Jiyoung Cha; Hu Jin; Dan Keun Sung

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

California Climate Change Center www.climatechange.ca.gov/research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

California Climate Change Center www.climatechange.ca.gov/research California Energy Commission Public Interest Energy Research Climate Change Program #12;The California Climate Change Center and international studies, generating new information that can be used to shape California's climate change policy

260

California Energy Commission www.energy.ca.gov  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

California Energy Commission www.energy.ca.gov TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE TO PUBLIC AGENCIES Request Program o Energy Partnership Technical Assistance Program o Energy Conservation Assistance Act (ECAA) Loan Program · RFQ Overview · How to Respond to this RFQ · Questions and Answers California Energy Commission

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ri ct ca" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Temporal and spectral imaging with micro-CT  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: Micro-CT is widely used for small animal imaging in preclinical studies of cardiopulmonary disease, but further development is needed to improve spatial resolution, temporal resolution, and material contrast. We present a technique for visualizing the changing distribution of iodine in the cardiac cycle with dual source micro-CT. Methods: The approach entails a retrospectively gated dual energy scan with optimized filters and voltages, and a series of computational operations to reconstruct the data. Projection interpolation and five-dimensional bilateral filtration (three spatial dimensions + time + energy) are used to reduce noise and artifacts associated with retrospective gating. We reconstruct separate volumes corresponding to different cardiac phases and apply a linear transformation to decompose these volumes into components representing concentrations of water and iodine. Since the resulting material images are still compromised by noise, we improve their quality in an iterative process that minimizes the discrepancy between the original acquired projections and the projections predicted by the reconstructed volumes. The values in the voxels of each of the reconstructed volumes represent the coefficients of linear combinations of basis functions over time and energy. We have implemented the reconstruction algorithm on a graphics processing unit (GPU) with CUDA. We tested the utility of the technique in simulations and applied the technique in an in vivo scan of a C57BL/6 mouse injected with blood pool contrast agent at a dose of 0.01 ml/g body weight. Postreconstruction, at each cardiac phase in the iodine images, we segmented the left ventricle and computed its volume. Using the maximum and minimum volumes in the left ventricle, we calculated the stroke volume, the ejection fraction, and the cardiac output. Results: Our proposed method produces five-dimensional volumetric images that distinguish different materials at different points in time, and can be used to segment regions containing iodinated blood and compute measures of cardiac function. Conclusions: We believe this combined spectral and temporal imaging technique will be useful for future studies of cardiopulmonary disease in small animals.

Johnston, Samuel M.; Johnson, G. Allan; Badea, Cristian T. [Center for In Vivo Microscopy, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710 (United States)

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

262

Cold chemistry with electronically excited Ca{sup +} Coulomb crystals  

SciTech Connect

Rate constants for chemical reactions of laser-cooled Ca{sup +} ions and neutral polar molecules (CH{sub 3}F, CH{sub 2}F{sub 2}, or CH{sub 3}Cl) have been measured at low collision energies (/k{sub B}=5-243 K). Low kinetic energy ensembles of {sup 40}Ca{sup +} ions are prepared through Doppler laser cooling to form ''Coulomb crystals'' in which the ions form a latticelike arrangement in the trapping potential. The trapped ions react with translationally cold beams of polar molecules produced by a quadrupole guide velocity selector or with room-temperature gas admitted into the vacuum chamber. Imaging of the Ca{sup +} ion fluorescence allows the progress of the reaction to be monitored. Product ions are sympathetically cooled into the crystal structure and are unambiguously identified through resonance-excitation mass spectrometry using just two trapped ions. Variations of the laser-cooling parameters are shown to result in different steady-state populations of the electronic states of {sup 40}Ca{sup +} involved in the laser-cooling cycle, and these are modeled by solving the optical Bloch equations for the eight-level system. Systematic variation of the steady-state populations over a series of reaction experiments allows the extraction of bimolecular rate constants for reactions of the ground state ({sup 2}S{sub 1/2}) and the combined excited states ({sup 2}D{sub 3/2} and {sup 2}P{sub 1/2}) of {sup 40}Ca{sup +}. These results are analyzed in the context of capture theories and ab initio electronic structure calculations of the reaction profiles. In each case, suppression of the ground state rate constant is explained by the presence of a submerged or real barrier on the ground state potential surface. Rate constants for the excited states are generally found to be in line with capture theories.

Gingell, Alexander D.; Bell, Martin T.; Oldham, James M.; Softley, Timothy P. [Department of Chemistry, University of Oxford, Chemistry Research Laboratory, Oxford OX1 3TA (United Kingdom); Harvey, Jeremy N. [Department of Chemistry, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 1TS (United Kingdom)

2010-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

263

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- North American Aviation Inc - CA 07  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

North American Aviation Inc - CA 07 North American Aviation Inc - CA 07 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: NORTH AMERICAN AVIATION, INC. (CA.07) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: None Designated Alternate Name: None Location: Downey , California CA.07-1 Evaluation Year: 1987 CA.07-1 Site Operations: Research and development on a bench scale using a small reactor; work done during the early 1950s. CA.07-1 Site Disposition: Eliminated - Potential for contamination remote based on limited scope of operations CA.07-2 Radioactive Materials Handled: Yes Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Uranium CA.07-3 Radiological Survey(s): No Site Status: Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Also see Documents Related to NORTH AMERICAN AVIATION, INC. CA.07-1 - Memorandum/Checklist; Young to the File; Subject:

264

DOE - Office of Legacy Management -- General Electric Co - San Jose - CA 13  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

General Electric Co - San Jose - CA General Electric Co - San Jose - CA 13 FUSRAP Considered Sites Site: General Electric Co. - San Jose (CA.13 ) Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Designated Name: Not Designated Alternate Name: None Location: San Jose , California CA.13-1 Evaluation Year: 1995 CA.13-2 Site Operations: Fabricated uranium metal. CA.13-1 Site Disposition: Eliminated - No Authority - NRC licensed CA.13-2 Radioactive Materials Handled: Yes Primary Radioactive Materials Handled: Uranium CA.13-1 Radiological Survey(s): No Site Status: Eliminated from consideration under FUSRAP Also see Documents Related to General Electric Co. - San Jose CA.13-1 - General Electric Letter; MacCready to Travis; Subject: Extrusion of Uranium Dioxide for General Electric - APED; Circa 1957

265

Library Homepage http://library.queensu.ca Connect from OffCampus http://proxy.queensu.ca/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

http://library.queensu.ca/research/databases/record/2990 Journals@Ovid Full Text http for classes and assignments; · format bibliographies automatically in any of the major bibliographic styles to add data to your RefWorks database: 1. Export citations from indexes and databases. 2. Import text

Graham, Nick

266

A Fossilized Opal A To Opal C-T Transformation On The Northeast Atlantic  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Fossilized Opal A To Opal C-T Transformation On The Northeast Atlantic Fossilized Opal A To Opal C-T Transformation On The Northeast Atlantic Margin- Support For A Significantly Elevated Palaeogeothermal Gradient During The Neogene? Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: A Fossilized Opal A To Opal C-T Transformation On The Northeast Atlantic Margin- Support For A Significantly Elevated Palaeogeothermal Gradient During The Neogene? Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: Rock samples-collected from a recent deep-water exploration well drilled in the Faeroe-Shetland Channel, northwest of the UK-confirm that a distinctive high-amplitude seismic reflector that crosscuts the Upper Palaeogene and Neogene succession and covers an area of 10 000 km(2) is an example of a fossilized Opal A to Opal C/T (Cristobalite/Tridymite)

267

American Ref-Fuel of SE CT Biomass Facility | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

American Ref-Fuel of SE CT Biomass Facility American Ref-Fuel of SE CT Biomass Facility Jump to: navigation, search Name American Ref-Fuel of SE CT Biomass Facility Facility American Ref-Fuel of SE CT Sector Biomass Facility Type Municipal Solid Waste Location New London County, Connecticut Coordinates 41.5185189°, -72.0468164° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.5185189,"lon":-72.0468164,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

268

10 A.M. CT TODAY: On-the Record Conference Call for Obama Administration to  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

A.M. CT TODAY: On-the Record Conference Call for Obama A.M. CT TODAY: On-the Record Conference Call for Obama Administration to Announce Major Initiative to Enhance America's Energy Security 10 A.M. CT TODAY: On-the Record Conference Call for Obama Administration to Announce Major Initiative to Enhance America's Energy Security August 16, 2011 - 9:52am Addthis White House Rural Economic Council Promotes Production of Next Generation Biofuels, Job Creation and Economic Opportunity WASHINGTON, Aug. 16, 2011 - Today at 10 a.m. CT (11 a.m. ET), the Obama Administration will advance a major initiative to produce next generation aviation and marine biofuels to power military and commercial transportation. The initiative responds to a directive from President Obama issued in March as part of his Blueprint for a Secure Energy Future, the

269

DOE/EIA-0131(96) Distribution Category/UC-960 Natural Gas  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

ID ID OR WY ND SD CA NV UT CO NE KS AZ NM OK TX MN WI MI IA IL IN OH MO AR MS AL GA TN KY FL SC NC WV MD DE VA PA NJ NY CT RI MA VT NH ME LA HI AK Japan Mexico Mexico Algeria Canada Canada Canada Canada Canada Canada Canada Algeria Canada United Arab Emirates Interstate Movements of Natural Gas in the United States, 1996 (Volumes Reported in Million Cubic Feet) Supplemental Data From Volume To From Volume To (T) AL KY (T) MA ME (T) AL LA MA NH (T) AL MO (T) MA NJ (T) AL SC MD DC CT RI RI MA DE MD VA DC MA CT (T) Trucked Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition." E I A NERGY NFORMATION DMINISTRATION 906,407 355,260 243,866 220 384,311 576,420 823,799 842,114 27,271 126,012 133 602,841 266 579,598 16,837 268,138 48,442 182,511 219,242 86,897 643,401 619,703 8,157 937,806 292,711 869,951 12,316 590,493 118,256

270

NGA_99fin.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

WA WA MT ID OR WY ND SD CA NV UT CO NE KS AZ NM OK TX MN WI MI IA IL IN OH MO AR MS AL GA TN KY FL SC NC WV MD DE VA PA NJ NY CT RI MA VT NH ME LA HI AK Japan Mexico Mexico Algeria Canada Canada Canada Canada Canada Canada Canada Algeria Canada United Arab Emirates Australia Australia Trinidad Qatar Malaysia Canada Mexico Interstate Movements of Natural Gas in the United States, 1999 (Volumes Reported in Million Cubic Feet) Supplemental Data From Volume To From Volume To (T) AL TX MA NH CT RI MD DC DE MD RI MA MA CT VA DC (T) Trucked Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition." E I A NERGY NFORMATION DMINISTRATION 837,902 415,636 225,138 232 308,214 805,614 803,034 800,345 685 147 628,589 9,786 790,088 17,369 278,302 40,727 214,076 275,629 51,935 843,280 826,638 9,988 998,603 553,440 896,187 11,817 629,551 98,423

271

Microsoft Word - NGAMaster_State_TablesNov12.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

WA WA MT ID OR WY ND SD CA NV UT CO NE KS AZ NM OK TX MN WI MI IA IL IN OH MO AR MS AL GA TN KY FL SC NC WV MD DE VA PA NJ NY CT RI MA VT NH ME LA HI AK Japan Mexico Mexico Algeria Canada Canada Canada Canada Canada Canada Canada Algeria Mexico Trinidad Canada Canada Nigeria Oman Qatar Trinidad Gulf of Mexico Gulf of Mexico Gulf of Mexico Canada Trinidad Trinidad Gulf of Mexico Malaysia 13,623 Figure 8. Interstate Movements of Natural Gas in the United States, 2003 (Million Cubic Feet) Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition." Energy Information Administration / Natural Gas Annual 2003 Supplemental Data From Volume To From Volume To CT RI RI MA MA CT VA DC MD DC 366,224 655,731 666,614 633,960 144,284 43,869 536,776 63,133 36,848

272

Data:5d4a5055-afa4-489d-ba47-148a272d1ca1 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

5-afa4-489d-ba47-148a272d1ca1 5-afa4-489d-ba47-148a272d1ca1 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: KEM Electric Coop Inc Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: Dual Heat Service Sub-metering RC-1 Sector: Residential Description: Available to all members under the RC-1, SE-1, and GS-1 rates, where electric heat is the primary source of heating, with a backup heating system, also includes installed air conditioning and off-peak water heating, which meets Cooperative specifications. Type of Service The sub-metering of electric heat. The Cooperative will provide sub-meter, meter socket, and C.T. equipment, and load management device necessary to measure and interrupt electric usage. Off-Peak Water Heating Credit $5.00 per month (must use 800 kWh/month on main meter, and be 50 - 100 gallons in size)

273

Data:7dd00ec5-9626-48b4-89a7-f4ca7a8d43e0 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

0ec5-9626-48b4-89a7-f4ca7a8d43e0 0ec5-9626-48b4-89a7-f4ca7a8d43e0 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: KEM Electric Coop Inc Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: Seasonal Service Sector: Residential Description: Available to all members requiring single-phase service for all uses subject to the established rules and regulations of the Cooperative. This is a seasonal rate for any cottage, home, cabin, and pasture well, which does meet the criteria of a Farm/Residential service. Service shall be to a single point of service. Type of Service Single Phase, 60 cycle, at secondary voltages. The Cooperative will provide meter, meter socket, and C.T. equipment necessary to measure electric usage.

274

CA-TRIBE-TUOLUMNE BAND OF MEWUK INDIANS  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

TRIBE-TUOLUMNE BAND OF MEWUK INDIANS TRIBE-TUOLUMNE BAND OF MEWUK INDIANS Location: Tribe CA-TRIBE- TUOLUMNE BAND OF MEWUK INDIANS CA American Recovery and Reinvestment Act: Proposed Action or Project Description The Tuolumne Band of MeWuk Indians proposes to reduce their fossil fuel emissions through increased energy efficiency and the implementation of renewable energy where applicable. Currently, the Tribe has contracted with the Renewable and Appropriate Energy Laboratory (RAEL) of the University of California, Berkeley, to identify the most cost-effective opportunities for increased energy efficiency and renewable energy technologies. The Tribe proposes to use a portion of the funding to allocate funds to RAEL for technical consultant services to assist the Tribe in identifying, prioritizing, and coordinating site specific

275

File:INL-geothermal-ca.pdf | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ca.pdf ca.pdf Jump to: navigation, search File File history File usage California Geothermal Resources Size of this preview: 439 × 599 pixels. Other resolution: 439 × 600 pixels. Full resolution ‎(4,277 × 5,839 pixels, file size: 1.4 MB, MIME type: application/pdf) Description California Geothermal Resources Sources Idaho National Laboratory Authors Patrick Laney; Julie Brizzee Related Technologies Geothermal Creation Date 2003-11-01 Extent State Countries United States UN Region Northern America States California File history Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment current 12:22, 16 December 2010 Thumbnail for version as of 12:22, 16 December 2010 4,277 × 5,839 (1.4 MB) MapBot (Talk | contribs) Automated upload from NREL's "mapsearch" data

276

Ca(OH)[sub 2]-treated ceramic microsphere  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Geothermal wells with lost circulation problems are treated with a lightweight, high temperature (i.e. 350 C) cement slurry which incorporates pressure resistant hollow microspheres into the slurry wherein the spheres have been pretreated with an alkali compound such as Ca(OH)[sub 2] for up to 20 hours and at 100--300 C. Preferably, the alkali solution is a saturated aqueous solution and the treatment is for 10 hours. 2 figs.

Sugama, Toshifumi.

1990-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

277

Ca(OH)[sub 2]-treated ceramic microsphere  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Geothermal wells with lost circulation problems are treated with a lightweight, high temperature (i.e. 350 C) cement slurry which incorporates pressure resistant hollow microspheres into the slurry wherein the spheres have been pretreated with an alkali compound such as Ca(OH)[sub 2] for up to 20 hours and at 100--300 C. Preferably, the alkali solution is a saturated aqueous solution and the treatment is for 10 hours. 2 figs.

Sugama, Toshifumi.

1989-04-18T23:59:59.000Z

278

Ca(OH).sub.2 -treated ceramic microsphere  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Geothermal wells with lost circulation problems are treated with a lightweight, high temperature (i.e. 350.degree. C.) cement slurry which incorporates pressure resistant hollow microspheres into the slurry wherein the spheres have been pretreated with an alkali compound such as Ca(OH).sub.2 for up to 20 hours and at 100.degree.-300.degree. C. Preferably, the alkali solution is a saturated aqueous solution and the treatment is for 10 hours.

Sugama, Toshifumi (Mastic Beach, NY)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Ca(OH).sub.2 -treated ceramic microsphere  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Geothermal wells with lost circulation problems are treated with a lightweight, high temperature (i.e. 350.degree. C.) cement slurry which incorporates pressure resistant hollow microspheres into the slurry wherein the spheres have been pretreated with an alkali compound such as Ca(OH).sub.2 for up to 20 hours and at 100.degree.-300.degree. C. Preferably, the alkali solution is a saturated aqueous solution and the treatment is for 10 hours.

Sugama, Toshifumi (Mastic Beach, NY)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Concentration of Ca in blood of amateur runners using NAA  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study the Ca levels were determined in amateur runners blood at LABEX (Laboratorio de Bioquimica do Exercicio - UNICAMP, Brazil), using Neutron Activation Analyses (NAA) technique. The range established at rest (162 - 410 mgL{sup -1}) when compared with control group (51 - 439 mgL{sup -1}) suggests that there is a dependency of these limits in the function of the adopted physical training.

Kovacs, L.; Zamboni, C. B.; Metairon, S. [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN / CNEN - SP) - Centro do Reator de Pesquisas Av. Professor Lineu Prestes, 2242 - 05508-000 Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Nunes, L. A. S.; Lourenco, T. F.; Macedo, D. V. [Universidade Estadual de Campinas - UNICAMP - Laboratorio de Bioquimica do Exercicio - LABEX Cidade Universitaria 13083-970 - Campinas, SP Brazil - Caixa-Postal: 6109 (Brazil)

2013-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ri ct ca" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Physicochemical basis of the Na-K-Ca geothermometer  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Regular changes in solution composition were observed experimentally during granite reaction with dilute NaCl (+CaCl/sub 2/) solutions; these changes closely follow the empirical Na-K-Ca geothermometer relationship. Initial minerals forming the granite (quartz, plagioclase, K-feldspar, and biotite) were etched by the reactions. Alteration phases formed include calcium-zeolite at <300/sup 0/C, feldspar overgrowths at >300/sup 0/C, and minor amounts of clay and calcsilicate at all temperatures. Amphibole overgrowths were also found at 340/sup 0/C. Quartz is near saturation in all experiments, and preliminary calculations of aqueous species distributions and mineral affinities indicate that the solutions achieve super-saturation with feldspars as the temperature increase. A consistent variation attributable to pH differences was observed in the empirical geothermometer relationship for all experimental data. At 340/sup 0/C, the experimental solutions appear to have deviated slightly from the empirical Na-K-Ca relationship. Such deviations may also be found in natural systems that attain such temperatures.

Janecky, D.R.; Charles, R.W.; Bayhurst, G.K.; Benjamin, T.M.

1986-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

GRR/Elements/18-CA-b.16 - Does the Developer or Public Appeal...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Public Appeal the Decision < GRR | Elements Jump to: navigation, search Edit 18-CA-b.16 to 18-CA-b.19 - Does the Developer or Public Appeal the Decision If the DTSC denies the...

283

GRR/Section 3-CA-a - State Land Leasing Process and Land Access...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

3-CA-a - State Land Leasing Process and Land Access (ROWs) < GRR Jump to: navigation, search Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleGRRSection3-CA-a-StateLand...

284

GRR/Section 1-CA-a - State Land Use Planning | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Section 1-CA-a - State Land Use Planning < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 1-CA-a -...

285

distribution mod 1 comp.graphics.opengl loki@cecm.sfu.ca plouffe ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

distribution mod 1 comp.graphics.opengl loki@cecm.sfu.ca plouffe@cecm.sfu.ca glPixelZoom Graphic File Format page Guide to Available Mathematical ...

286

Investment Casting of Titanium Alloys with CaO Crucible and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 1, 2001 ... Investment Casting of Titanium Alloys with CaO Crucible and CaZrO3 Mold by S. K. Kim, T. K. Kim, M. G. Kim, T. W. Hong and J. Y. Kim ...

287

Patient-specific radiation dose and cancer risk estimation in CT: Part II. Application to patients  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Current methods for estimating and reporting radiation dose from CT examinations are largely patient-generic; the body size and hence dose variation from patient to patient is not reflected. Furthermore, the current protocol designs rely on dose as a surrogate for the risk of cancer incidence, neglecting the strong dependence of risk on age and gender. The purpose of this study was to develop a method for estimating patient-specific radiation dose and cancer risk from CT examinations. Methods: The study included two patients (a 5-week-old female patient and a 12-year-old male patient), who underwent 64-slice CT examinations (LightSpeed VCT, GE Healthcare) of the chest, abdomen, and pelvis at our institution in 2006. For each patient, a nonuniform rational B-spine (NURBS) based full-body computer model was created based on the patient's clinical CT data. Large organs and structures inside the image volume were individually segmented and modeled. Other organs were created by transforming an existing adult male or female full-body computer model (developed from visible human data) to match the framework defined by the segmented organs, referencing the organ volume and anthropometry data in ICRP Publication 89. A Monte Carlo program previously developed and validated for dose simulation on the LightSpeed VCT scanner was used to estimate patient-specific organ dose, from which effective dose and risks of cancer incidence were derived. Patient-specific organ dose and effective dose were compared with patient-generic CT dose quantities in current clinical use: the volume-weighted CT dose index (CTDI{sub vol}) and the effective dose derived from the dose-length product (DLP). Results: The effective dose for the CT examination of the newborn patient (5.7 mSv) was higher but comparable to that for the CT examination of the teenager patient (4.9 mSv) due to the size-based clinical CT protocols at our institution, which employ lower scan techniques for smaller patients. However, the overall risk of cancer incidence attributable to the CT examination was much higher for the newborn (2.4 in 1000) than for the teenager (0.7 in 1000). For the two pediatric-aged patients in our study, CTDI{sub vol} underestimated dose to large organs in the scan coverage by 30%-48%. The effective dose derived from DLP using published conversion coefficients differed from that calculated using patient-specific organ dose values by -57% to 13%, when the tissue weighting factors of ICRP 60 were used, and by -63% to 28%, when the tissue weighting factors of ICRP 103 were used. Conclusions: It is possible to estimate patient-specific radiation dose and cancer risk from CT examinations by combining a validated Monte Carlo program with patient-specific anatomical models that are derived from the patients' clinical CT data and supplemented by transformed models of reference adults. With the construction of a large library of patient-specific computer models encompassing patients of all ages and weight percentiles, dose and risk can be estimated for any patient prior to or after a CT examination. Such information may aid in decisions for image utilization and can further guide the design and optimization of CT technologies and scan protocols.

Li Xiang; Samei, Ehsan; Segars, W. Paul; Sturgeon, Gregory M.; Colsher, James G.; Toncheva, Greta; Yoshizumi, Terry T.; Frush, Donald P. [Medical Physics Graduate Program, Carl E. Ravin Advanced Imaging Laboratories, Department of Radiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Carl E. Ravin Advanced Imaging Laboratories, Department of Radiology, Medical Physics Graduate Program, Department of Physics, and Department of Biomedical Engineering, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Carl E. Ravin Advanced Imaging Laboratories, Department of Radiology, Medical Physics Graduate Program, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Carl E. Ravin Advanced Imaging Laboratories, Department of Radiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27705 and Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 (United States); Department of Radiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Duke Radiation Dosimetry Laboratory, Department of Radiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Duke Radiation Dosimetry Laboratory, Department of Radiology, Medical Physics Graduate Program, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Division of Pediatric Radiology, Department of Radiology, Medical Physics Graduate Program, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710 (United States)

2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

288

Preparation and electrical properties of xCaRuO{sub 3}/(1 - x)CaTiO{sub 3} perovskite composites  

SciTech Connect

CaRuO{sub 3}-CaTiO{sub 3} ceramic composites were prepared by sintering for short times for potential applications in the areas of electronic ceramics. Scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive X-ray analysis showed two separate phases, CaRuO{sub 3} and CaTiO{sub 3} in the composite. Conductivity data, measured by the four-probe method, showed that the composites have high electrical conductivity when x {>=} 0.19 in xCaRuO{sub 3}-(1 - x)CaTiO{sub 3} composites. Furthermore, the nanoparticle of calcium ruthenate prepared by reverse micelle synthesis was used to be conductive agent for the composite. The result shows that the use of nano-sized calcium ruthenate enabled higher electrical conductivity to be maintained down to x = 0.09.

Jiao, Shuqiang, E-mail: sj332@cam.ac.uk [Department of Materials Science and Metallurgy, University of Cambridge, Pembroke Street, Cambridge CB2 3QZ (United Kingdom); Kumar, Krishnankutty-Nair P.; Kilby, Kamal Tripuraneni [Department of Materials Science and Metallurgy, University of Cambridge, Pembroke Street, Cambridge CB2 3QZ (United Kingdom); Fray, Derek J., E-mail: djf25@cam.ac.uk [Department of Materials Science and Metallurgy, University of Cambridge, Pembroke Street, Cambridge CB2 3QZ (United Kingdom)

2009-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

289

The Continuing Debate about Safety in Numbers—Data from Oakland, CA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

from Oakland, CA Judy Geyer, Noah Raford and David Ragland,94709 jgeyer@berkeley.edu Noah Raford Traffic Safety Center

Geyer, Judy; Raford, Noah; Ragland, David; Pham, Trinh

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Rapid Traffic Information Dissemination Using Named Data Los Angeles, CA, USA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

@cs.ucla.edu Alexander Afanasyev UCLA Los Angeles, CA, USA afanasev@cs.ucla.edu Romain Kuntz Toyota InfoTechnology Center Mountain View, CA, USA rkuntz@us.toyota-itc.com Rama Vuyyuru Toyota InfoTechnology Center Mountain View, CA, USA rama@us.toyota-itc.com Ryuji Wakikawa Toyota InfoTechnology Center Mountain View, CA, USA ryuji@us.toyota

California at Los Angeles, University of

291

DOEEA-(0962) BLM EA # CA-016-93-140 BLM R/W S E W NO. CA 31330  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

(0962) (0962) BLM EA # CA-016-93-140 BLM R/W S E W NO. CA 31330 JOINT ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT FOR THE CONSTRUCTION AND ROUTINE OPERATION OF A 12-KILOVOLT (KV) OVERHEAD POWERLINE RIGHT-OF-WAY, AND FORMAL AUTHORIZATION FOR A 10-INCH AND 8-INCH FRESH WATER PIPELINE RIGHT-OF-WAY, NAVAL PETROLEUM RESERVE NO. 1, KERN COUNTY, CALFORNIA OCTOBER 1994 U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NAVAL PETROLEUM RESERVES IN CALIFORNIA U. S. DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT CALIENTE RESOURCE AREA . DISCLAIMER This report was .prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, make any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for

292

Steam catalysis in CaO carbonation under low steam partial pressure  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

CaO was widely used to capture CO{sub 2} in direct hydrogen production process, where steam always existed simultaneously. The effect of steam on CaO carbonation performance under low steam partial pressure was investigated using a pressurized thermogravimetric apparatus. The experimental results revealed that steam improved CaO carbonation performance significantly no matter whether Ca(OH){sub 2} was produced or not. At 823 K and 0.5 MPa of steam partial pressure, effect of steam on CaO carbonation performance could not be attributed mainly to production of Ca(OH){sub 2} because the hydration rate of CaO was very slow. The main reason was steam catalysis in CaO carbonation. Enhancement of steam on CaO carbonation performance without Ca(OH){sub 2} production could not be attributed to improvement of steam on the physical property, but to catalytic effect of steam. Effects of CaO precursors, CO{sub 2} partial pressure, steam partial pressure, and temperature with steam addition on CaO carbonation performance were also investigated.

Yang, S.J.; Xiao, Y.H. [Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing (China)

2008-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

293

Measurement of neutron capture on $^{48}$Ca at thermal and thermonuclear energies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

At the Karlsruhe pulsed 3.75\\,MV Van de Graaff accelerator the thermonuclear $^{48}$Ca(n,$\\gamma$)$^{49}$Ca(8.72\\,min) cross section was measured by the fast cyclic activation technique via the 3084.5\\,keV $\\gamma$-ray line of the $^{49}$Ca-decay. Samples of CaCO$_3$ enriched in $^{48}$Ca by 77.87\\,\\% were irradiated between two gold foils which served as capture standards. The capture cross-section was measured at the neutron energies 25, 151, 176, and 218\\,keV, respectively. Additionally, the thermal capture cross-section was measured at the reactor BR1 in Mol, Belgium, via the prompt and decay $\\gamma$-ray lines using the same target material. The $^{48}$Ca(n,$\\gamma$)$^{49}$Ca cross-section in the thermonuclear and thermal energy range has been calculated using the direct-capture model combined with folding potentials. The potential strengths are adjusted to the scattering length and the binding energies of the final states in $^{49}$Ca. The small coherent elastic cross section of $^{48}$Ca+n is explained through the nuclear Ramsauer effect. Spectroscopic factors of $^{49}$Ca have been extracted from the thermal capture cross-section with better accuracy than from a recent (d,p) experiment. Within the uncertainties both results are in agreement. The non-resonant thermal and thermonuclear experimental data for this reaction can be reproduced using the direct-capture model. A possible interference with a resonant contribution is discussed. The neutron spectroscopic factors of $^{49}$Ca determined from shell-model calculations are compared with the values extracted from the experimental cross sections for $^{48}$Ca(d,p)$^{49}$Ca and $^{48}$Ca(n,$\\gamma$)$^{49}$Ca.

H. Beer; C. Coceva; P. V. Sedyshev; Yu. P. Popov; H. Herndl; R. Hofinger; P. Mohr; H. Oberhummer

1996-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

294

A phantom for testing of 4D-CT for radiotherapy of small lesions  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: The use of time-resolved four-dimensional computed tomography (4D-CT) in radiotherapy requires strict quality assurance to ensure the accuracy of motion management protocols. The aim of this work was to design and test a phantom capable of large amplitude motion for use in 4D-CT, with particular interest in small lesions typical for stereotactic body radiotherapy. Methods: The phantom of 'see-saw' design is light weight, capable of including various sample materials and compatible with several surrogate marker signal acquisition systems. It is constructed of polymethylmethacrylate (Perspex) and its movement is controlled via a dc motor and drive wheel. It was tested using two CT scanners with different 4D acquisition methods: the Philips Brilliance Big Bore CT (helical scan, pressure belt) and a General Electric Discovery STE PET/CT (axial scan, infrared marker). Amplitudes ranging from 1.5 to 6.0 cm and frequencies of up to 40 cycles per minute were used to study the effect of motion on image quality. Maximum intensity projections (MIPs), as well as average intensity projections (AIPs) of moving objects were investigated and their quality dependence on the number of phase reconstruction bins assessed. Results: CT number discrepancies between moving and stationary objects were found to have no systematic dependence on amplitude, frequency, or specific interphase variability. MIP-delineated amplitudes of motion were found to match physical phantom amplitudes to within 2 mm for all motion scenarios tested. Objects undergoing large amplitude motions (>3.0 cm) were shown to cause artefacts in MIP and AIP projections when ten phase bins were assigned. This problem can be mitigated by increasing the number of phase bins in a 4D-CT scan. Conclusions: The phantom was found to be a suitable tool for evaluating the image quality of 4D-CT motion management technology, as well as providing a quality assurance tool for intercenter/intervendor testing of commercial 4D-CT systems. When imaging objects with large amplitudes, the completeness criterion described here indicates the number of phase bins required to prevent missing data in MIPs and AIPs. This is most relevant for small lesions undergoing large motions.

Dunn, L.; Kron, T.; Taylor, M. L.; Callahan, J.; Franich, R. D. [School of Applied Sciences and Health Innovations Research Institute, RMIT University, Melbourne 3000 (Australia); School of Applied Sciences and Health Innovations Research Institute, RMIT University, Melbourne 3000 (Australia) and Physical Sciences, Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, East Melbourne 3002 (Australia); School of Applied Sciences and Health Innovations Research Institute, RMIT University, Melbourne 3000 (Australia); Physical Sciences, Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, East Melbourne (Australia); School of Applied Sciences and Health Innovations Research Institute, RMIT University, Melbourne 3000 (Australia)

2012-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

295

Improved image quality for x-ray CT imaging of gel dosimeters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: This study provides a simple method for improving precision of x-ray computed tomography (CT) scans of irradiated polymer gel dosimetry. The noise affecting CT scans of irradiated gels has been an impediment to the use of clinical CT scanners for gel dosimetry studies. Methods: In this study, it is shown that multiple scans of a single PAGAT gel dosimeter can be used to extrapolate a ''zero-scan'' image which displays a similar level of precision to an image obtained by averaging multiple CT images, without the compromised dose measurement resulting from the exposure of the gel to radiation from the CT scanner. Results: When extrapolating the zero-scan image, it is shown that exponential and simple linear fits to the relationship between Hounsfield unit and scan number, for each pixel in the image, provide an accurate indication of gel density. Conclusions: It is expected that this work will be utilized in the analysis of three-dimensional gel volumes irradiated using complex radiotherapy treatments.

Kakakhel, M. B.; Kairn, T.; Kenny, J.; Trapp, J. V. [Faculty of Science and Technology, Queensland University of Technology, GPO Box 2434, Brisbane, Queesland 4001, Australia and Department of Physics and Applied Mathematics, DPAM, Pakistan Institute of Engineering and Applied Sciences, PO Nilore, Islamabad 45450 (Pakistan); Premion, The Wesley Medical Centre, Suite 1, 40 Chasely St, Auchenflower, Queensland 4066 (Australia); Premion, The Wesley Medical Centre, Suite 1, 40 Chasely St, Auchenflower, Queensland 4066, Australia and Australian Clinical Dosimetry Service, ARPANSA, Yallambie, Vic 3085 (Australia); Faculty of Science and Technology, Queensland University of Technology, GPO Box 2434, Brisbane, Ql d 4001 (Australia)

2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

296

Evidence of strong-coupling superconductivity in CaC{sub 6} from tunneling spectroscopy.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Tunneling in CaC{sub 6} crystals reproducibly reveals superconducting gaps {Delta} of 2.3 {+-} 0.2 meV that are {approx}40% larger than reported earlier. In an isotropic s-wave scenario, that puts CaC{sub 6} into the class of very strongly coupled superconductors, since 2{Delta}/kT{sub c} {approx} 4.6, implying that soft Ca phonons are primarily involved in the superconductivity. This conclusion explains the relatively large Ca isotope effect found recently for CaC{sub 6}, but it could also signal a strong anisotropy in the electron-phonon interaction.

Kurter, C.; Ozyuzer, L.; Mazur, D.; Zasadzinski, J. F.; Rosenmann, D.; Claus, H.; Hinks, D. G.; Gray, K. E.; Materials Science Division; Illinois Inst. Tech.; Izmir Inst. Tech.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

CA-670-2010-CX | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CX CX Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home NEPA Document Collection for: CA-670-2010-CX CX at {{{GeothermalArea}}} for Geothermal/Exploration, Ram-Power Seismic Reflection Survey General NEPA Document Info Energy Sector Geothermal energy Environmental Analysis Type CX Applicant Ram Power Consultant NA Geothermal Area {{{GeothermalArea}}}"{{{GeothermalArea}}}" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. Project Location Project Phase Geothermal/Exploration Techniques Seismic Techniques Time Frame (days) Participating Agencies Lead Agency BLM Funding Agency none provided Managing District Office BLM California Desert District Office Managing Field Office El Central Field Office Funding Agencies none provided Surface Manager none provided

298

CA-670-2010-107 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

107 107 Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home NEPA Document Collection for: CA-670-2010-107 CX at {{{GeothermalArea}}} for Production well drilling Geothermal Drilling Permit for Production Well 78A-6 General NEPA Document Info Energy Sector Geothermal energy Environmental Analysis Type CX Applicant Ormat Nevada, Inc. Consultant NA Geothermal Area {{{GeothermalArea}}}"{{{GeothermalArea}}}" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. Project Location Project Phase Production well drilling Techniques Drilling Methods Comments Geothermal Drilling Permit Productio Well 78A-6 Time Frame (days) Application Time 525 Participating Agencies Lead Agency BLM Funding Agency none provided Managing District Office BLM California Desert District Office

299

DOI-BLM-CA-EA-2002-??? | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

EA-2002-??? EA-2002-??? Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home NEPA Document Collection for: DOI-BLM-CA-EA-2002-??? EA at Glass Mountain Geothermal Area for Geothermal/Well Field, Glass Mountain Exploration Environmental Assessment/Initial Study General NEPA Document Info Energy Sector Geothermal energy Environmental Analysis Type EA Applicant Calpine Corporation (Calpine) and CPN Telephone Flat Inc. (CPN) Consultant MHA Environmental Consulting, Inc. Geothermal Area Glass Mountain Geothermal Area Project Location California, California Project Phase Geothermal/Well Field Techniques Exploration Drilling, Thermal Gradient Holes Time Frame (days) Participating Agencies Lead Agency BLM Funding Agency none provided Managing District Office BLM Northern California District Office

300

V-006: CA ARCserve Backup Flaws Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code and  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6: CA ARCserve Backup Flaws Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary 6: CA ARCserve Backup Flaws Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code and Deny Service V-006: CA ARCserve Backup Flaws Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code and Deny Service October 19, 2012 - 6:00am Addthis PROBLEM: CA ARCserve Backup Flaws Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code and Deny Service PLATFORM: CA ARCserve Backup for Windows r12.5, r15, r16 ABSTRACT: Two vulnerabilities were reported in CA ARCserve Backup. A remote user can execute arbitrary code on the target system. A remote user can cause denial of service conditions. REFERENCE LINKS: SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1027683 CA Technologies Support CVE-2012-2971 CVE-2012-2972 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: High DISCUSSION: A remote user can send specially crafted RPC requests to execute arbitrary code on the target system [CVE-2012-2971]. The code will run with the

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301

V-006: CA ARCserve Backup Flaws Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code and  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6: CA ARCserve Backup Flaws Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary 6: CA ARCserve Backup Flaws Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code and Deny Service V-006: CA ARCserve Backup Flaws Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code and Deny Service October 19, 2012 - 6:00am Addthis PROBLEM: CA ARCserve Backup Flaws Let Remote Users Execute Arbitrary Code and Deny Service PLATFORM: CA ARCserve Backup for Windows r12.5, r15, r16 ABSTRACT: Two vulnerabilities were reported in CA ARCserve Backup. A remote user can execute arbitrary code on the target system. A remote user can cause denial of service conditions. REFERENCE LINKS: SecurityTracker Alert ID: 1027683 CA Technologies Support CVE-2012-2971 CVE-2012-2972 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: High DISCUSSION: A remote user can send specially crafted RPC requests to execute arbitrary code on the target system [CVE-2012-2971]. The code will run with the

302

Dynamic cone beam CT angiography of carotid and cerebral arteries using canine model  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: This research is designed to develop and evaluate a flat-panel detector-based dynamic cone beam CT system for dynamic angiography imaging, which is able to provide both dynamic functional information and dynamic anatomic information from one multirevolution cone beam CT scan. Methods: A dynamic cone beam CT scan acquired projections over four revolutions within a time window of 40 s after contrast agent injection through a femoral vein to cover the entire wash-in and wash-out phases. A dynamic cone beam CT reconstruction algorithm was utilized and a novel recovery method was developed to correct the time-enhancement curve of contrast flow. From the same data set, both projection-based subtraction and reconstruction-based subtraction approaches were utilized and compared to remove the background tissues and visualize the 3D vascular structure to provide the dynamic anatomic information. Results: Through computer simulations, the new recovery algorithm for dynamic time-enhancement curves was optimized and showed excellent accuracy to recover the actual contrast flow. Canine model experiments also indicated that the recovered time-enhancement curves from dynamic cone beam CT imaging agreed well with that of an IV-digital subtraction angiography (DSA) study. The dynamic vascular structures reconstructed using both projection-based subtraction and reconstruction-based subtraction were almost identical as the differences between them were comparable to the background noise level. At the enhancement peak, all the major carotid and cerebral arteries and the Circle of Willis could be clearly observed. Conclusions: The proposed dynamic cone beam CT approach can accurately recover the actual contrast flow, and dynamic anatomic imaging can be obtained with high isotropic 3D resolution. This approach is promising for diagnosis and treatment planning of vascular diseases and strokes.

Cai Weixing; Zhao Binghui; Conover, David; Liu Jiangkun; Ning Ruola [Department of Imaging Sciences, University of Rochester, 601 Elmwood Avenue, Rochester, New York 14642 (United States); Department of Radiology, Shanghai 6th People's Hospital, 600 Yishan Road, Xuhui, Shanghai (China); Koning Corporation, Lennox Tech Enterprise Center, 150 Lucius Gordon Drive Suite 112, West Henrietta, New York 14586 (United States); Department of Imaging Sciences, University of Rochester, 601 Elmwood Avenue, Rochester, New York 14642 (United States); Department of Imaging Sciences, University of Rochester, 601 Elmwood Avenue, Rochester, New York 14642 (United States) and Koning Corporation, Lennox Tech Enterprise Center, 150 Lucius Gordon Drive Suite 112, West Henrietta, New York 14586 (United States)

2012-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

303

Preparation of CaO as OLED getter material through control of crystal growth of CaCO{sub 3} by block copolymers in aqueous solution  

SciTech Connect

As the starting materials of organic light-emitting diode (OLED) getter, calcium carbonate (CaCO{sub 3}) particles with various shapes and crystal structures have been successfully prepared with additives (L64 or PEGPG), which contain blocks of poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) and poly(propylene oxide) (PPO). These CaCO{sub 3} particles were calcinated into highly crystalline calcium oxide (CaO) nanoparticles with high capacity of water adsorption up to 14.23 wt.%. The CaCO{sub 3} and CaO particles prepared at various conditions were characterized using the field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), Fourier transform infrared microscopy (FT-IR), X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), and dynamic vapor sorption (DVS) method.

Park, Jae-Hyung [Department of Chemical Engineering, Hanyang University, Seoul 133-791 (Korea, Republic of); Oh, Seong-Geun [Department of Chemical Engineering, Hanyang University, Seoul 133-791 (Korea, Republic of)], E-mail: seongoh@hanyang.ac.kr

2009-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

304

Modeling CaCO{sub 3} deposition in geothermal wellbores  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The capacity of a geothermal liquid to carry calcium varies mainly with the concentrations of CO{sub 2} and HCO{sub 3}, temperature and ionic strength, of which the CO{sub 2} concentration (pressure) changes most in the wellbore. Wellbore models that carry accurate computations for CO{sub 2} and other gas pressures might be adapted to compute profile thicknesses of CaCO{sub 3} scale. A general model for carbonate scale deposition in a wellbore must make a simultaneous accounting for pressures of H{sub 2}O, CO{sub 2}, and two or three other gases plus salt effects on those pressures. In addition, the elevation of flash initiation must be accurately identified and combined with profiles of temperature, etc., in the 2-phase zone. Such a model has been developed and its principle features are described here, including calibration of some factors with measured scale deposits. The model provides insight about the scale deposition processes through parametric studies. Tactics and strategies for confronting the effects of CaCO{sub 3} deposition in wells and wellfields can be explored with the model. Modeling of specific wellbores/wellfluids can help quantify risks and benefits concerning scale inhibition, wellfluid monitoring, timing of consequences relating to failure of scale inhibiting apparatus, urgency of remedial actions, and other aspects.

Michels, Donald E.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Figure 14. Net interstate movements, imports, and exports of...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

United States, 2012 (million cubic feet) TrinidadTobago India Trinidad Tobago Yemen Brazil Interstate Movements Not Shown on Map From Volume To From Volume To CT RI TN FL MA CT...

306

Precios de Gasolina  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Precios de Gasolina para Ciudades en EEUU Pulse en el mapa para ver los precios de la gasolina en diferentes ciudades de su estado. AK VT ME NH NH MA MA RI CT CT DC NJ DE DE NY WV...

307

Classification of the Colonic Polyps in CT-Colonography Using Region Covariance as Descriptor Features of Suspicious Regions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present an algorithm to classify polyps in CT colonography images utilizing covariance matrices as object descriptors. Since these descriptors do not lie on a vector space, they cannot simply be fed to traditional machine learning tools such as support ... Keywords: CT colonography, Colonic polyp detection, Covariance descriptor

Niyazi Kilic; Olcay Kursun; Osman Nuri Ucan

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Concurrent segmentation of the prostate on MRI and CT via linked statistical shape models for radiotherapy planning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: Prostate gland segmentation is a critical step in prostate radiotherapy planning, where dose plans are typically formulated on CT. Pretreatment MRI is now beginning to be acquired at several medical centers. Delineation of the prostate on MRI is acknowledged as being significantly simpler to perform, compared to delineation on CT. In this work, the authors present a novel framework for building a linked statistical shape model (LSSM), a statistical shape model (SSM) that links the shape variation of a structure of interest (SOI) across multiple imaging modalities. This framework is particularly relevant in scenarios where accurate boundary delineations of the SOI on one of the modalities may not be readily available, or difficult to obtain, for training a SSM. In this work the authors apply the LSSM in the context of multimodal prostate segmentation for radiotherapy planning, where the prostate is concurrently segmented on MRI and CT. Methods: The framework comprises a number of logically connected steps. The first step utilizes multimodal registration of MRI and CT to map 2D boundary delineations of the prostate from MRI onto corresponding CT images, for a set of training studies. Hence, the scheme obviates the need for expert delineations of the gland on CT for explicitly constructing a SSM for prostate segmentation on CT. The delineations of the prostate gland on MRI and CT allows for 3D reconstruction of the prostate shape which facilitates the building of the LSSM. In order to perform concurrent prostate MRI and CT segmentation using the LSSM, the authors employ a region-based level set approach where the authors deform the evolving prostate boundary to simultaneously fit to MRI and CT images in which voxels are classified to be either part of the prostate or outside the prostate. The classification is facilitated by using a combination of MRI-CT probabilistic spatial atlases and a random forest classifier, driven by gradient and Haar features. Results: The authors acquire a total of 20 MRI-CT patient studies and use the leave-one-out strategy to train and evaluate four different LSSMs. First, a fusion-based LSSM (fLSSM) is built using expert ground truth delineations of the prostate on MRI alone, where the ground truth for the gland on CT is obtained via coregistration of the corresponding MRI and CT slices. The authors compare the fLSSM against another LSSM (xLSSM), where expert delineations of the gland on both MRI and CT are employed in the model building; xLSSM representing the idealized LSSM. The authors also compare the fLSSM against an exclusive CT-based SSM (ctSSM), built from expert delineations of the gland on CT alone. In addition, two LSSMs trained using trainee delineations (tLSSM) on CT are compared with the fLSSM. The results indicate that the xLSSM, tLSSMs, and the fLSSM perform equivalently, all of them out-performing the ctSSM. Conclusions: The fLSSM provides an accurate alternative to SSMs that require careful expert delineations of the SOI that may be difficult or laborious to obtain. Additionally, the fLSSM has the added benefit of providing concurrent segmentations of the SOI on multiple imaging modalities.

Chowdhury, Najeeb; Toth, Robert; Chappelow, Jonathan; Kim, Sung; Motwani, Sabin; Punekar, Salman; Lin Haibo; Both, Stefan; Vapiwala, Neha; Hahn, Stephen; Madabhushi, Anant

2012-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

309

CA-650-2005-086 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

2005-086 2005-086 Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home NEPA Document Collection for: CA-650-2005-086 EA at Coso Geothermal Area for Geothermal/Exploration {{{NEPA_Name}}} General NEPA Document Info Environmental Analysis Type EA Applicant Robert A. Phinney, Deep Rose LLC Geothermal Area Coso Geothermal Area Project Location California Project Phase Geothermal/Exploration Techniques Exploratory Well, Flow Test Time Frame (days) Participating Agencies Lead Agency BLM Funding Agency none provided Managing District Office BLM California Desert District Office Managing Field Office BLM Ridgecrest Field Office Funding Agencies none provided Surface Manager BLM Mineral Manager BLM Selected Dates Decision Document Date 6/3/2006 Relevant Numbers Lead Agency

310

CA M r. Andrew Wallo, III. NE-23  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

i5W 95.5 L' i5W 95.5 L' E&nt plom. S. W.:. Washingr on. D.C. ZOOX2i74, Tekphm: (202) 488-6OGb 7II7-03.87.cdy.43 23 September 1987. Ii CA M r. Andrew Wallo, III. NE-23 Division of Facility & Site Decommissioning Projects U.S. Department of Energy Germantown, Maryland 20545 Dear M r. Wallo: ELIMINATION RECOMMENDATION -- COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES pqq.0' 05 PI ;p.03- The attached elimination recommendation was prepared in accordance ,I ML.05 with your suggestion during our meeting on 22 September. The recommendation flO.O-02 includes 26 colleges and universities identified in Enclosure 4 to Aerospace letter subject: Status of Actions - FUSRAP Site List, dated 27 May 1987; three institutions (Tufts College, University of Virginia, and the University of Washington) currently identified on the FUSRAP

311

Fuel Cell Power Plants Biofuel Case Study - Tulare, CA  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

clean clean Fuel Cell Power Plants Biofuel Case Study - Tulare, CA DOE-NREL Workshop Golden, CO June 11-13, 2012 FuelCell Energy, the FuelCell Energy logo, Direct FuelCell and "DFC" are all registered trademarks (®) of FuelCell Energy, Inc. Integrated Fuel Cell Company 2 Manufacture Sell (direct & via partners) Install Services 1.4 MW plant at a municipal building 2.4 MW plant owned by an Independent power producer 600 kW plant at a food processor 11.2 MW plant - largest fuel cell park in the world Delivering ultra-clean baseload distributed generation globally Growing Market Presence 180 MW installed and in backlog Over 80 Direct FuelCell® plants generating power at more than 50 sites globally Providing:

312

The feasibility of head motion tracking in helical CT: A step toward motion correction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: To establish a practical and accurate motion tracking method for the development of rigid motion correction methods in helical x-ray computed tomography (CT). Methods: A commercially available optical motion tracking system provided 6 degrees of freedom pose measurements at 60 Hz. A 4 Multiplication-Sign 4 calibration matrix was determined to convert raw pose data acquired in tracker coordinates to a fixed CT coordinate system with origin at the isocenter of the scanner. Two calibration methods, absolute orientation (AO), and a new method based on image registration (IR), were compared by means of landmark analysis and correlation coefficient in phantom images coregistered using the derived motion transformations. Results: Transformations calculated using the IR-derived calibration matrix were found to be more accurate, with positional errors less than 0.5 mm (mean RMS), and highly correlated image voxel intensities. The AO-derived calibration matrix yielded larger mean RMS positional errors ( Asymptotically-Equal-To 1.0 mm), and poorer correlation coefficients. Conclusions: The authors have demonstrated the feasibility of accurate motion tracking for retrospective motion correction in helical CT. Their new IR-based calibration method based on image registration and function minimization was simpler to perform and delivered more accurate calibration matrices. This technique is a useful tool for future work on rigid motion correction in helical CT and potentially also other imaging modalities.

Kim, Jung-Ha [Medical Radiation Sciences, University of Sydney, NSW 2141 (Australia); Nuyts, Johan [Department of Nuclear Medicine, Katholieke Universiteit, Leuven, Belgium and Medical Imaging Research Center, Katholieke Universiteit, Leuven (Belgium); Kuncic, Zdenka [School of Physics, University of Sydney, NSW 2006 (Australia); Fulton, Roger [Medical Radiation Sciences, University of Sydney, NSW 2141 (Australia); School of Physics, University of Sydney, NSW 2006 (Australia); Department of Medical Physics, Westmead Hospital, Westmead, NSW 2145 (Australia)

2013-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

313

A PET/CT directed, 3D ultrasound-guided biopsy system for prostate cancer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Prostate cancer affects 1 in 6 men in the USA. Systematic transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided biopsy is the standard method for a definitive diagnosis of prostate cancer. However, this "blind" biopsy approach can miss at least 20% of prostate cancers. ... Keywords: 3D ultrasound imaging, PET/CT, image segmentation, imageguided biopsy, molecular imaging, nonrigid image registration, prostate cancer, wavelet transform

Baowei Fei; Viraj Master; Peter Nieh; Hamed Akbari; Xiaofeng Yang; Aaron Fenster; David Schuster

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Louisiana oyster CuLtCh ProjeCt General Project DescriPtion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

secondary production. estiMateD cost The estimated cost to implement the Louisiana Oyster Cultch Project is $15,582,600. (Estimated costs for some of the projects were updated from those provided in the DERPLouisiana oyster CuLtCh ProjeCt General Project DescriPtion The Louisiana Oyster Cultch Project

315

Department of History, Yale University New Haven, CT 06520-8324  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dilemma': Making a Place for Historians in the Climate Change and Energy Debates," Environmental History History (undergraduate lecture) Energy in American History (undergraduate seminar) United States GlobalPaul Sabin Department of History, Yale University New Haven, CT 06520-8324 Telephone: (203) 436

316

The noise power spectrum in CT with direct fan beam reconstruction  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The noise power spectrum (NPS) is a useful metric for understanding the noise content in images. To examine some unique properties of the NPS of fan beam CT, the authors derived an analytical expression for the NPS of fan beam CT and validated it with computer simulations. The nonstationary noise behavior of fan beam CT was examined by analyzing local regions and the entire field-of-view (FOV). This was performed for cases with uniform as well as nonuniform noise across the detector cells and across views. The simulated NPS from the entire FOV and local regions showed good agreement with the analytically derived NPS. The analysis shows that whereas the NPS of a large FOV in parallel beam CT (using a ramp filter) is proportional to frequency, the NPS with direct fan beam FBP reconstruction shows a high frequency roll off. Even in small regions, the fan beam NPS can show a sharp transition (discontinuity) at high frequencies. These effects are due to the variable magnification and therefore are more pronounced as the fan angle increases. For cases with nonuniform noise, the NPS can show the directional dependence and additional effects.

Baek, Jongduk; Pelc, Norbert J. [Department of Radiology, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States); Department of Radiology, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States); Department of Electrical Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States) and Department of Bioengineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States)

2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

317

CT-Guided Fiducial Placement for CyberKnife Stereotactic Radiosurgery: An Initial Experience  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

CyberKnife frameless image-guided radiosurgery has become a widely used system for parenchymal extracranial lesions. Gold fiducials are required for the planning and aiming of CyberKnife therapy. We report our initial experience and describe the technique of positioning tumor markers, under CT guidance. We conducted a retrospective review of 105 patients who were referred for CyberKnife stereotactic radiosurgery at Iatropolis CyberKnife Center in Athens. All patients underwent percutaneous fiducial placement via CT guidance. At the desired location, the 18-G needle was advanced into or near the tumor. Data collected included number and locations of fiducials placed and complications experienced to date. One hundred five patients underwent fiducial placement under CT guidance and a total number of 319 gold seeds were implanted. We experienced one episode of pneumothorax that required drainage, one mild pneumothorax, and three episodes of perifocal pulmonary hemorrhage. In conclusion, fiducial implantation under CT guidance appears to be a safe and efficient procedure, as long as it is performed by an experienced interventional radiologist.

Sotiropoulou, Evangelia ['Sotiria' General Hospital of Chest Diseases (Greece); Stathochristopoulou, Irene [Iatropolis CyberKnife Center (Greece); Stathopoulos, Konstantinos ['Sotiria' General Hospital of Chest Diseases (Greece); Verigos, Kosmas; Salvaras, Nikolaos [Iatropolis CyberKnife Center (Greece); Thanos, Loukas, E-mail: loutharad@yahoo.co ['Sotiria' General Hospital of Chest Diseases (Greece)

2010-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

318

Robust Segmentation and Anatomical Labeling of the Airway Tree from Thoracic CT Scans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method for automatic extraction and labeling of the airway tree from thoracic CT scans is presented and extensively evaluated on 150 scans of clinical dose, low dose and ultra-low dose data, in inspiration and expiration from both relatively healthy ...

Bram Ginneken; Wouter Baggerman; Eva M. Rikxoort

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Clinical evaluation of a commercial orthopedic metal artifact reduction tool for CT simulations in radiation therapy  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Severe artifacts in kilovoltage-CT simulation images caused by large metallic implants can significantly degrade the conspicuity and apparent CT Hounsfield number of targets and anatomic structures, jeopardize the confidence of anatomical segmentation, and introduce inaccuracies into the radiation therapy treatment planning process. This study evaluated the performance of the first commercial orthopedic metal artifact reduction function (O-MAR) for radiation therapy, and investigated its clinical applications in treatment planning. Methods: Both phantom and clinical data were used for the evaluation. The CIRS electron density phantom with known physical (and electron) density plugs and removable titanium implants was scanned on a Philips Brilliance Big Bore 16-slice CT simulator. The CT Hounsfield numbers of density plugs on both uncorrected and O-MAR corrected images were compared. Treatment planning accuracy was evaluated by comparing simulated dose distributions computed using the true density images, uncorrected images, and O-MAR corrected images. Ten CT image sets of patients with large hip implants were processed with the O-MAR function and evaluated by two radiation oncologists using a five-point score for overall image quality, anatomical conspicuity, and CT Hounsfield number accuracy. By utilizing the same structure contours delineated from the O-MAR corrected images, clinical IMRT treatment plans for five patients were computed on the uncorrected and O-MAR corrected images, respectively, and compared. Results: Results of the phantom study indicated that CT Hounsfield number accuracy and noise were improved on the O-MAR corrected images, especially for images with bilateral metal implants. The {gamma} pass rates of the simulated dose distributions computed on the uncorrected and O-MAR corrected images referenced to those of the true densities were higher than 99.9% (even when using 1% and 3 mm distance-to-agreement criterion), suggesting that dose distributions were clinically identical. In all patient cases, radiation oncologists rated O-MAR corrected images as higher quality. Formerly obscured critical structures were able to be visualized. The overall image quality and the conspicuity in critical organs were significantly improved compared with the uncorrected images: overall quality score (1.35 vs 3.25, P= 0.0022); bladder (2.15 vs 3.7, P= 0.0023); prostate and seminal vesicles/vagina (1.3 vs 3.275, P= 0.0020); rectum (2.8 vs 3.9, P= 0.0021). The noise levels of the selected ROIs were reduced from 93.7 to 38.2 HU. On most cases (8/10), the average CT Hounsfield numbers of the prostate/vagina on the O-MAR corrected images were closer to the referenced value (41.2 HU, an average measured from patients without metal implants) than those on the uncorrected images. High {gamma} pass rates of the five IMRT dose distribution pairs indicated that the dose distributions were not significantly affected by the CT image improvements. Conclusions: Overall, this study indicated that the O-MAR function can remarkably reduce metal artifacts and improve both CT Hounsfield number accuracy and target and critical structure visualization. Although there was no significant impact of the O-MAR algorithm on the calculated dose distributions, we suggest that O-MAR corrected images are more suitable for the entire treatment planning process by offering better anatomical structure visualization, improving radiation oncologists' confidence in target delineation, and by avoiding subjective density overrides of artifact regions on uncorrected images.

Li Hua; Noel, Camille; Chen, Haijian; Harold Li, H.; Low, Daniel; Moore, Kevin; Klahr, Paul; Michalski, Jeff; Gay, Hiram A.; Thorstad, Wade; Mutic, Sasa [Department of Radiation Oncology, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri 63110 (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California 90095 (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California San Diego, San Diego, California 92093 (United States); Philips Healthcare System, Cleveland, Ohio 44143 (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri 63110 (United States)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

320

Enlarged longitudinal dose profiles in cone-beam CT and the need for modified dosimetry  

SciTech Connect

In order to examine phantom length necessary to assess radiation dose delivered to patients in cone-beam CT with an enlarged beamwidth, we measured dose profiles in cylindrical phantoms of sufficient length using a prototype 256-slice CT-scanner developed at our institute. Dose profiles parallel to the rotation axis were measured at the central and peripheral positions in PMMA (polymethylmethacrylate) phantoms of 160 or 320 mm diameter and 900 mm length. For practical application, we joined unit cylinders (150 mm long) together to provide phantoms of 900 mm length. Dose profiles were measured with a pin photodiode sensor having a sensitive region of approximately 2.8x2.8 mm{sup 2} and 2.7 mm thickness. Beamwidths of the scanner were varied from 20 to 138 mm. Dose profile integrals (DPI) were calculated using the measured dose profiles for various beamwidths and integration ranges. For the body phantom (320-mm-diam phantom), 76% of the DPI was represented for a 20 mm beamwidth and 60% was represented for a 138 mm beamwidth if dose profiles were integrated over a 100 mm range, while more than 90% of the DPI was represented for beamwidths between 20 and 138 mm if integration was carried out over a 300 mm range. The phantom length and integration range for dosimetry of cone-beam CT needed to be more than 300 mm to represent more than 90% of the DPI for the body phantom with the beamwidth of more than 20 mm. Although we reached this conclusion using the prototype 256-slice CT-scanner, it may be applied to other multislice CT-scanners as well.

Mori, Shinichiro; Endo, Masahiro; Nishizawa, Kanae; Tsunoo, Takanori; Aoyama, Takahiko; Fujiwara, Hideaki; Murase, Kenya [National Institute of Radiological Sciences, Chiba 263-8555 (Japan); School of Health Sciences, Nagoya University, Nagoya 461-8673 (Japan); School of Allied Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Osaka University, Osaka 565-0871 (Japan)

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

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321

Lighting recommendations for the Social Security Administration Frank Hagel Federal Building in Richmond CA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lighting Research Group FinalReport October 1999 Lighting Recommendations for the Socialin Richmond CA Final Report Lighting Recommendations for the

Rubinstein, Francis M.

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Localization and activation of CaMKII delta isoforms and their involvement in heart failure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

hypertrophy and heart failure ..CaMKII mediated hypertrophy and heart failure .. I.F.II.C. Preparation of heart tissue extract and cell lysate

Mishra, Shikha

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

GRR/Elements/18-CA-b.12 - Notify Applicant of Technical Completeness...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GRRElements18-CA-b.12 - Notify Applicant of Technical Completeness < GRR | Elements Jump to: navigation, search Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleGRR...

324

GRR/Section 14-CA-e - Waste Discharge Permit | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

| Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon GRRSection 14-CA-e - Waste Discharge Permit < GRR Jump to: navigation, search Retrieved from "http:...

325

Tuning carrier type and density in Bi2Se3 by Ca-doping  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

was observed in electrical resistivity measurements of Ca-We have performed electrical resistivity measurements on ?vesamples. The electrical resistivity varies signi?cantly for

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Data:17e441d9-5010-41c5-81ca-447297f8ca8b | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

d9-5010-41c5-81ca-447297f8ca8b d9-5010-41c5-81ca-447297f8ca8b No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Town of Waynesville, North Carolina (Utility Company) Effective date: 2010/07/01 End date if known: Rate name: Area Lighting- 150W Sodium Vapor Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: ISU Documentation Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >>

327

Data:F068b5b6-56ca-422c-a787-b2dae7afd0a5 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

8b5b6-56ca-422c-a787-b2dae7afd0a5 8b5b6-56ca-422c-a787-b2dae7afd0a5 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Prescott, Arkansas (Utility Company) Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: Rental Lights-Flood Light (400 HP Sodium)) Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: Rate Binder#4 (Illinois State University) Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous

328

Data:Bd423956-caa2-491c-a667-ca6d371d826d | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

23956-caa2-491c-a667-ca6d371d826d 23956-caa2-491c-a667-ca6d371d826d No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Arrowhead Electric Coop, Inc Effective date: 2012/07/17 End date if known: Rate name: General Service Heat Pump - Closed Sector: Description: This rate class is now Closed and is not being offered to new customers. Source or reference: Illinois State University Archives Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category:

329

Data:88faea60-16ca-4ca7-bfc2-22c6f985605d | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

faea60-16ca-4ca7-bfc2-22c6f985605d faea60-16ca-4ca7-bfc2-22c6f985605d No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Adams Electric Coop Effective date: 2009/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Rate Schedule MSL (Metered Security Lighting)(Standard fixtures 175 Watt MV) Sector: Lighting Description: Available to all cooperative members. 175 Watt MV. Source or reference: Rate Binder #7 (Illinois State University) Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V):

330

Data:D362149f-2ca1-40ca-a968-8baae0c51fda | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

49f-2ca1-40ca-a968-8baae0c51fda 49f-2ca1-40ca-a968-8baae0c51fda No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Cleco Power LLC Effective date: 2011/02/01 End date if known: Rate name: Company-Owned Fixture - Decorative Cobra Head Fixtures 400 Watt Mercury Vapor Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: www.cleco.com Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >>

331

Data:Ea8f3963-ca5b-4de0-b1b5-7ca79017471c | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

f3963-ca5b-4de0-b1b5-7ca79017471c f3963-ca5b-4de0-b1b5-7ca79017471c No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Cotton Electric Coop, Inc Effective date: 2010/02/01 End date if known: Rate name: General Service Three Phase Sector: Description: Available to farm home and residential customers subject to the established rules and regulations of the cooperative. No resale, standby, or auxiliary service permitted. Source or reference: ISU Documentation Rate Binder Kelly 4 Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh):

332

Charge transport and magnetization profile at the interface between the correlated metal CaRuO{sub3} and the antiferromagnetic insulator CaMnO{sub3}.;  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A combination of spectroscopic probes was used to develop a detailed experimental description of the transport and magnetic properties of superlattices composed of the paramagnetic metal CaRuO{sub 3} and the antiferromagnetic insulator CaMnO{sub 3}. The charge-carrier density and Ru valence state in the superlattices are not significantly different from those of bulk CaRuO{sub 3}. The small charge transfer across the interface implied by these observations confirms predictions derived from density-functional calculations. However, a ferromagnetic polarization due to canted Mn spins penetrates 3-4 unit cells into CaMnO{sub 3}, far exceeding the corresponding predictions. The discrepancy may indicate the formation of magnetic polarons at the interface.

Freeland, J. W.; Chakhalian, J.; Boris, A. V.; Tonnerre, J-M.; Kavich, JJ.; Yordanov, P.; Grenier,S.; Zschack, P.; Karapetrova, E.; Popovich, P.; Lee, H. N.; Keimer, B. (X-Ray Science Division); ( PSC-USR); (Univ. of Arkansas); (Max Planck Inst. for Solid State Research); (Loughborough Univ.); (CNRS and Univ. Joseph Fourier); (Univ. of Illinois); (ORNL)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Data:71c1d4e9-ca25-4eac-9bdc-ca421c8bb07e | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

d4e9-ca25-4eac-9bdc-ca421c8bb07e d4e9-ca25-4eac-9bdc-ca421c8bb07e No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Middle Georgia El Member Corp Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: Outdoor Lighting Cobra Head 400 W Wood Pole Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: http://www.mgemc.com/rates.aspx Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> << Previous

334

Data:Ce785d69-ca41-42be-9958-7344cd74ca3c | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ce785d69-ca41-42be-9958-7344cd74ca3c Ce785d69-ca41-42be-9958-7344cd74ca3c No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: South Central Public Pwr Dist Effective date: 2012/05/01 End date if known: Rate name: Area&Directional Lighting Service Rate N722 Sector: Lighting Description: Source or reference: Illinois State University Rate Binder #10 Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous

335

Structural and thermal characterization of CaO-MgO-SiO2-P2O5-CaF2 glasses  

SciTech Connect

The paper presents the influence of varying CaO/MgO ratio on the structure and thermal properties of CaO-MgO-SiO2-P2O5-CaF2 glasses. A series of eight glass compositions in the glass forming region of diopside (CaMgSi2O6) - fluorapatite [Ca5(PO4)3F] - wollastonite (CaSiO3) ternary system have been designed and synthesized by varying diopside/wollastonite ratio in glasses. The as prepared melt-quenched glasses have been characterized for their structure by infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and magic angle spinning (MAS)-nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. Silicon is predominantly present as Q2 (Si) species, while phosphorus tends to coordinate in orthophosphate environment in all the investigated glasses. The change in CaO/MgO ratio had an insignificant affect on the structure of glasses. The thermal sintering and crystallization parameters for the studied glasses have been obtained from differential thermal analysis (DTA) while crystalline phase fractions in the sintered glass-ceramics have been analyzed by X-ray diffraction adjoined with Rietveld refinement. Diopside, fluorapatite, wollastonite and pseudowollastonite have crystallized as the main crystalline phases in all the glass-ceramics with their content varying with respect to variation in CaO/MgO ratio in glasses. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) has been used to shed light on the microstructure of glass-ceramics. The possible implications of structure and sintering behaviour of glasses on their bioactivity have been discussed.

Kansal, Ishu; Goel, Ashutosh; Tulyaganov, Dilshat U.; Rajagopal, Raghu R.; Ferreira, Jose M.

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Development of a dynamic flow imaging phantom for dynamic contrast-enhanced CT  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: Dynamic contrast enhanced CT (DCE-CT) studies with modeling of blood flow and tissue perfusion are becoming more prevalent in the clinic, with advances in wide volume CT scanners allowing the imaging of an entire organ with sub-second image frequency and sub-millimeter accuracy. Wide-spread implementation of perfusion DCE-CT, however, is pending fundamental validation of the quantitative parameters that result from dynamic contrast imaging and perfusion modeling. Therefore, the goal of this work was to design and construct a novel dynamic flow imaging phantom capable of producing typical clinical time-attenuation curves (TACs) with the purpose of developing a framework for the quantification and validation of DCE-CT measurements and kinetic modeling under realistic flow conditions. Methods: The phantom is based on a simple two-compartment model and was printed using a 3D printer. Initial analysis of the phantom involved simple flow measurements and progressed to DCE-CT experiments in order to test the phantoms range and reproducibility. The phantom was then utilized to generate realistic input TACs. A phantom prediction model was developed to compute the input and output TACs based on a given set of five experimental (control) parameters: pump flow rate, injection pump flow rate, injection contrast concentration, and both control valve positions. The prediction model is then inversely applied to determine the control parameters necessary to generate a set of desired input and output TACs. A protocol was developed and performed using the phantom to investigate image noise, partial volume effects and CT number accuracy under realistic flow conditionsResults: This phantom and its surrounding flow system are capable of creating a wide range of physiologically relevant TACs, which are reproducible with minimal error between experiments ({sigma}/{mu} < 5% for all metrics investigated). The dynamic flow phantom was capable of producing input and output TACs using either step function based or typical clinical arterial input function (AIF) inputs. The measured TACs were in excellent agreement with predictions across all comparison metrics with goodness of fit (R{sup 2}) for the input function between 0.95 and 0.98, while the maximum enhancement differed by no more than 3.3%. The predicted output functions were similarly accurate producing R{sup 2} values between 0.92 and 0.99 and maximum enhancement to within 9.0%. The effect of ROI size on the arterial input function (AIF) was investigated in order to determine an operating range of ROI sizes which were minimally affected by noise for small dimensions and partial volume effects for large dimensions. It was possible to establish the measurement sensitivity of both the Toshiba (ROI radius range from 1.5 to 3.2 mm ''low dose'', 1.4 to 3.0 mm ''high dose'') and GE scanner (1.5 to 2.6 mm ''low dose'', 1.1 to 3.4 mm ''high dose''). This application of the phantom also provides the ability to evaluate the effect of the AIF error on kinetic model parameter predictions. Conclusions: The dynamic flow imaging phantom is capable of producing accurate and reproducible results which can be predicted and quantified. This results in a unique tool for perfusion DCE-CT validation under realistic flow conditions which can be applied not only to compare different CT scanners and imaging protocols but also to provide a ground truth across multimodality dynamic imaging given its MRI and PET compatibility.

Driscoll, B.; Keller, H.; Coolens, C. [Department of Radiation Physics, Princess Margaret Hospital, 610 University Avenue, Toronto, Ontario M5G 2M9 (Canada)

2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

337

Value of PET/CT and MR Lymphography in Treatment of Prostate Cancer Patients With Lymph Node Metastases  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: To determine the clinical value of two novel molecular imaging techniques: {sup 11}C-choline positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) and ferumoxtran-10 enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (magnetic resonance lymphography [MRL]) for lymph node (LN) treatment in prostate cancer (PCa) patients. Therefore, we evaluated the ability of PET/CT and MRL to assess the number, size, and location of LN metastases in patients with primary or recurrent PCa. Methods and Materials: A total of 29 patients underwent MRL and PET/CT for LN evaluation. The MRL and PET/CT data were analyzed independently. The number, size, and location of the LN metastases were determined. The location was described as within or outside the standard clinical target volume for elective pelvic irradiation as defined by the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group. Subsequently, the results from MRL and PET/CT were compared. Results: Of the 738 LNs visible on MRL, 151 were positive in 23 of 29 patients. Of the 132 LNs visible on PET/CT, 34 were positive in 13 of 29 patients. MRL detected significantly more positive LNs (p < 0.001) in more patients than PET/CT (p = 0.002). The mean diameter of the detected suspicious LNs on MRL was significantly smaller than those detected by PET/CT, 4.9 mm and 8.4 mm, respectively (p < 0.0001). In 14 (61%) of 23 patients, suspicious LNs were found outside the clinical target volume with MRL and in 4 (31%) of 13 patients with PET/CT. Conclusion: In patients with PCa, both molecular imaging techniques, MRL and {sup 11}C-choline PET/CT, can detect LNs suspicious for metastasis, irrespective of the existing size and shape criteria for CT and conventional magnetic resonance imaging. On MRL and PET/CT, 61% and 31% of the suspicious LNs were located outside the conventional clinical target volume. Therefore, these techniques could help to individualize treatment selection and enable image-guided radiotherapy for patients with PCa LN metastases.

Fortuin, Ansje S., E-mail: A.Fortuin@rad.umcn.nl [Department of Radiology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen (Netherlands); Deserno, Willem M.L.L.G. [Department of Radiology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen (Netherlands); Meijer, Hanneke J.M. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen (Netherlands)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen (Netherlands); Jager, Gerrit J. [Department of Radiology, Jeroen Bosch Hospital's, Hertogenbosch (Netherlands)] [Department of Radiology, Jeroen Bosch Hospital's, Hertogenbosch (Netherlands); Takahashi, Satoru; Debats, Oscar A. [Department of Radiology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen (Netherlands)] [Department of Radiology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen (Netherlands); Reske, Sven N.; Schick, Christian [Department of Nuclear Medicine, University of Ulm, Ulm (Germany)] [Department of Nuclear Medicine, University of Ulm, Ulm (Germany); Krause, Bernd J. [Department of Nuclear Medicine, Technische Universitaet Muenchen, Muenchen (Germany)] [Department of Nuclear Medicine, Technische Universitaet Muenchen, Muenchen (Germany); Oort, Inge van; Witjes, Alfred J. [Department of Urology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen (Netherlands)] [Department of Urology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen (Netherlands); Hoogeveen, Yvonne L. [Department of Radiology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen (Netherlands)] [Department of Radiology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen (Netherlands); Lin, Emile N.J.Th. van [Department of Radiation Oncology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen (Netherlands); Barentsz, Jelle O. [Department of Radiology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen (Netherlands)] [Department of Radiology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen (Netherlands)

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Comprehensive study of LASL Well C/T-2 Roosevelt Hot Springs KGRA, Utah, and applications to geothermal well logging  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Utah State Geothermal Well 9-1 in the Roosevelt Hot Springs KGRA, Beaver County, Utah, has been donated by Phillips Petroleum Company for calibration and testing of well-logging equipment in the hot, corrosive, geothermal environment. It is the second Calibration/Test Well (C/T-2) in the Geothermal Log Interpretation Program. A study of cuttings and well logs from Well C/T-2 was completed. This synthesis and data presentation contains most of the subsurface geologic information needed to effect the total evaluation of geophysical logs acquired in this geothermal calibration/test well, C/T-2.

Glenn, W.E.; Hulen, J.B.; Nielson, D.L.

1981-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Self-Reported ADHD Symptoms and Performance on Working Memory Tests Ryan Beaston, Ashley Gilbert, Leslie Wagner, Lauren Littlefield  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SPK J09CA0981 Turlock Bomb Loading Plant Groundwater Contamination HTRW SI CA SPK J09CA7054 Hanford LANDFILL HTRW RA-C OH LRL G05OH0018 PLUM BROOK ORD WORKS WWTP # 1 & 3 HTRW RI/FS OH LRL G05OH0018 PLUM BROOK ORD WORKS WWTP #2 HTRW RI/FS OH LRL G05OH0018 PLUM BROOK ORD WORKS GROUNDWATER HTRW RI/FS OH LRL G

Choate, Paul M.

340

Estimation of the weighted CTDI{sub {infinity}} for multislice CT examinations  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: The aim of this study was to examine the variations of CT dose index (CTDI) efficiencies, {epsilon}(CTDI{sub 100})=CTDI{sub 100}/CTDI{sub {infinity}}, with bowtie filters and CT scanner types. Methods: This was an extension of our previous study [Li, Zhang, and Liu, Phys. Med. Biol. 56, 5789-5803 (2011)]. A validated Monte Carlo program was used to calculate {epsilon}(CTDI{sub 100}) on a Siemens Somatom Definition scanner. The {epsilon}(CTDI{sub 100}) dependencies on tube voltages and beam widths were tested in previous studies. The influences of different bowtie filters and CT scanner types were examined in this work. The authors tested the variations of {epsilon}(CTDI{sub 100}) with bowtie filters on the Siemens Definition scanner. The authors also analyzed the published CTDI measurements of four independent studies on five scanners of four models from three manufacturers. Results: On the Siemens Definition scanner, the difference in {epsilon}(CTDI{sub W}) between using the head and body bowtie filters was 2.5% (maximum) in the CT scans of the 32-cm phantom, and 1.7% (maximum) in the CT scans of the 16-cm phantom. Compared with CTDI{sub W}, the weighted CTDI{sub {infinity}} increased by 30.5% (on average) in the 32-cm phantom, and by 20.0% (on average) in the 16-cm phantom. These results were approximately the same for 80-140 kV and 1-40 mm beam widths (4.2% maximum deviation). The differences in {epsilon}(CTDI{sub 100}) between the simulations and the direct measurements of four previous studies were 1.3%-5.0% at the center/periphery of the 16-cm/32-cm phantom (on average). Conclusions: Compared with CTDI{sub vol}, the equilibrium dose for large scan lengths is 30.5% higher in the 32-cm phantom, and is 20.0% higher in the 16-cm phantom. The relative increases are practically independent of tube voltages (80-140 kV), beam widths (up to 4 cm), and the CT scanners covered in this study.

Li Xinhua; Zhang Da; Liu, Bob [Division of Diagnostic Imaging Physics, Department of Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02114 (United States)

2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

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341

TG-FTIR Analysis on Sawdust Catalytic Pyrolysis with CaO  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Due to the global warming and energy crisis, the utilization of biomass in zero emission system has aroused more attention. In this study, the effect of catalyst CaO on sawdust pyrolysis was investigated using a thermogravimetric analyzer coupled with ... Keywords: CaO, biomass, pyrolysis, TG-FTIR, zero emission

Qiang Ma; Qinhui Wang; Long Han; Chunjiang Yu; Zhongyang Luo

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Low radioactivity CaF{sub 2} scintillator crystals for CANDLES  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

CANDLES is the project to search for neutrinoless double beta (0{nu}{beta}{beta}) decay of {sup 48}Ca by using CaF{sub 2} scintillators. The observation of 0{nu}{beta}{beta} decay will prove the existence of massive Majorana neutrinos. Expected performances and current status of the CANDLES system are described.

Ogawa, I.; Umehara, S.; Ito, G.; Yasuda, K.; Kakubata, H.; Miyashita, M.; Matsuoka, K.; Nomachi, M. [Graduate School of Science, Osaka University, Toyonaka, Osaka 560-0043 (Japan); Kishimoto, T. [Graduate School of Science, Osaka University, Toyonaka, Osaka 560-0043 (Japan); Research Center for Nuclear Physics, Osaka University, Ibaraki, Osaka 567-0047 (Japan); Fushimi, K. [Faculty of Integrated Arts and Science, University of Tokushima, Tokushima 770-8502 (Japan); Hazama, R. [Graduate School of Engineering, Hiroshima University, Higashi-Hiroshima, Hiroshima 739-8527 (Japan); Ohsumi, H. [Faculty of Culture and Education, Saga University, Saga 840-8502 (Japan); Okada, K. [Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Kyoto San-gyo University, Kyoto 603-8555 (Japan); Tamagawa, Y. [Faculty of Engineering, University of Fukui, Fukui 910-8507 (Japan); Yoshida, S. [Research Center for Neutrino Science, Tohoku University, Sendai, Miyagi 980-8578 (Japan)

2011-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

343

CaF2 surface passivation of lead selenide grown on BaF2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new method of surface passivation of PbSe epitaxial layers by growing a thin epitaxial CaF"2 layer is proposed. Improvement in photoluminescence (PL) intensity is observed when the PbSe layer is passivated. The minority carrier lifetime (@t), measured ... Keywords: CaF2 passivation, Lead salts, Minority carrier lifetime, Photoluminescence

Shaibal Mukherjee; D. Li; G. Bi; J. Ma; S. L. Elizondo; A. Gautam; Z. Shi

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

GRR/Section 3-CA-b - State Land Access | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

3-CA-b - State Land Access 3-CA-b - State Land Access < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 3-CA-b - State Land Access 3-CA-b State Land Access.pdf Click to View Fullscreen Contact Agencies California State Lands Commission Regulations & Policies California State Lands Commission Regulations California Coastal Act Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content 3-CA-b State Land Access.pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Flowchart Narrative In California access to state lands is controlled by the California State Lands Commission. Access to state lands is granted through a lease,

345

GRR/Section 13-CA-a - Coastal Land Use Assessment | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GRR/Section 13-CA-a - Coastal Land Use Assessment GRR/Section 13-CA-a - Coastal Land Use Assessment < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 13-CA-a - Coastal Land Use Assessment 13-CA-a Coastal Land Use Assessment.pdf Click to View Fullscreen Contact Agencies California Coastal Commission California State Lands Commission Regulations & Policies California Coastal Act California PRC § 6826 Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content 13-CA-a Coastal Land Use Assessment.pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Flowchart Narrative Under the California Coastal Act, projects in California Coastal Zones may

346

GRR/Section 14-CA-a - Nonpoint Source Pollution | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GRR/Section 14-CA-a - Nonpoint Source Pollution GRR/Section 14-CA-a - Nonpoint Source Pollution < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 14-CA-a - Nonpoint Source Pollution 14-CA-a - Nonpoint Source Pollution.pdf Click to View Fullscreen Contact Agencies [[California State Water Resources Control Board]] [[California Coastal Commission]] Regulations & Policies Porter-Cologne Water Quality Control Act Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content 14-CA-a - Nonpoint Source Pollution.pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Flowchart Narrative This flowchart illustrates the procedures in California for dealing with

347

GRR/Section 20-CA-a - Well Abandonment Process | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GRR/Section 20-CA-a - Well Abandonment Process GRR/Section 20-CA-a - Well Abandonment Process < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 20-CA-a - Well Abandonment Process 20-CA-a - Well Abandonment Process.pdf Click to View Fullscreen Contact Agencies California Department of Conservation, Division of Oil, Gas, and Geothermal Resources Regulations & Policies California Public Resources Code 3746-3750 Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content 20-CA-a - Well Abandonment Process.pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Flowchart Narrative This flowchart illustrates the process for abandonment of geothermal wells

348

GRR/Section 8-CA-a - State Transmission | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GRR/Section 8-CA-a - State Transmission GRR/Section 8-CA-a - State Transmission < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 8-CA-a - State Transmission 08CAACaliforniaTransmission.pdf Click to View Fullscreen Contact Agencies California Energy Commission Regulations & Policies CPUC General Order (G.O) 131-D Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content 08CAACaliforniaTransmission.pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Flowchart Narrative 8-CA-a.1 to 8-CA-a.2 - Is the Planned Geothermal Plant Capacity Greater than 50 MW The California Energy Commission (CEC) has the statutory responsibility for

349

GRR/Elements/14-CA-b.7 - Publish public notice | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GRR/Elements/14-CA-b.7 - Publish public notice GRR/Elements/14-CA-b.7 - Publish public notice < GRR‎ | Elements Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections 14-CA-b.7 - Publish public notice After RWQCB notifies the developer that the application will be considered, the developer must publish notice of the NPDES application in a local newspaper. Proof of the publication must be submitted to the RWQCB. Logic Chain No Parents \V/ GRR/Elements/14-CA-b.7 - Publish public notice (this page) \V/ No Dependents Under Development Add.png Add an Element Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=GRR/Elements/14-CA-b.7_-_Publish_public_notice&oldid=482584" Categories: Geothermal Regulatory Roadmap Elements Under Development

350

Attenuation-based estimation of patient size for the purpose of size specific dose estimation in CT. Part II. Implementation on abdomen and thorax phantoms using cross sectional CT images and scanned projection radiograph images  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To estimate attenuation using cross sectional CT images and scanned projection radiograph (SPR) images in a series of thorax and abdomen phantoms. Methods: Attenuation was quantified in terms of a water cylinder with cross sectional area of A{sub w} from both the CT and SPR images of abdomen and thorax phantoms, where A{sub w} is the area of a water cylinder that would absorb the same dose as the specified phantom. SPR and axial CT images were acquired using a dual-source CT scanner operated at 120 kV in single-source mode. To use the SPR image for estimating A{sub w}, the pixel values of a SPR image were calibrated to physical water attenuation using a series of water phantoms. A{sub w} and the corresponding diameter D{sub w} were calculated using the derived attenuation-based methods (from either CT or SPR image). A{sub w} was also calculated using only geometrical dimensions of the phantoms (anterior-posterior and lateral dimensions or cross sectional area). Results: For abdomen phantoms, the geometry-based and attenuation-based methods gave similar results for D{sub w}. Using only geometric parameters, an overestimation of D{sub w} ranging from 4.3% to 21.5% was found for thorax phantoms. Results for D{sub w} using the CT image and SPR based methods agreed with each other within 4% on average in both thorax and abdomen phantoms. Conclusions: Either the cross sectional CT or SPR images can be used to estimate patient attenuation in CT. Both are more accurate than use of only geometrical information for the task of quantifying patient attenuation. The SPR based method requires calibration of SPR pixel values to physical water attenuation and this calibration would be best performed by the scanner manufacturer.

Wang Jia; Christner, Jodie A.; Duan Xinhui; Leng Shuai; Yu Lifeng; McCollough, Cynthia H. [Department of Radiology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota 55905 (United States)

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

351

Anatomical database generation for radiation transport modeling from computed tomography (CT) scan data  

SciTech Connect

Geometric models of the anatomy are used routinely in calculations of the radiation dose in organs and tissues of the body. Development of such models has been hampered by lack of detailed anatomical information on children, and models themselves have been limited to quadratic conic sections. This summary reviews the development of an image processing workstation used to extract anatomical information from routine diagnostic CT procedure. A standard IBM PC/AT microcomputer has been augmented with an automatically loading 9-track magnetic tape drive, an 8-bit 1024 {times} 1024 pixel graphics adapter/monitor/film recording package, a mouse/trackball assembly, dual 20 MB removable cartridge media, a 72 MB disk drive, and a printer. Software utilized by the workstation includes a Geographic Information System (modified for manipulation of CT images), CAD software, imaging software, and various modules to ease data transfer among the software packages. 5 refs., 3 figs.

Margle, S.M.; Tinnel, E.P.; Till, L.E.; Eckerman, K.F.; Durfee, R.C.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

x???íN*A**? ZDK(mP?óIH äz *à?âCT"Hh?x*4* *??C*? ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

x???íN*A**? ZDK(mP?óIH?äz?*à?âCT"Hh?x*4*?*??C*???;G@ PBJ·}???è¥????IÇUu?¢?ñ??`o?1ƒ\\?*N????x

2011-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

353

Dosimetry of Y-90 Liquid Brachytherapy in a Dog with Osteosarcoma Using PET/CT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A novel Y-90 liquid brachytherapy strategy is currently being studied for the treatment of osteosarcoma using a preclinical translational model in dogs to assess its potential efficacy and toxicity. In this study, dosimetry calculations are performed for Y-90 liquid brachytherapy in a dog with osteosarcoma using the Geant4 Monte Carlo code. A total of 611.83 MBq Y-90 radiopharmaceutical is administered via direct injections, and the in vivo distribution of Y-90 is assessed using a time-of-flight (TOF) PET/CT scanner. A patient-specific geometry is built using anatomical data obtained from CT images. The material properties of tumor and surrounding tissues are calculated based on a CT number - electron density calibration. The Y-90 distribution is sampled in Geant4 from PET images using a collapsing 3-D rejection technique to determine the decay sites. Dose distributions in the tumor bed and surrounding tissues are calculated demonstrating significant heterogeneity with multiple hot spots at the injection sites. Dose volume histograms show about 33.9 percent of bone and tumor and 70.2 percent of bone marrow and trabecular bone receive a total dose over 200 Gy; about 3.2 percent of bone and tumor and 31.0 percent of bone marrow and trabecular bone receive a total dose of over 1000 Gy. Y-90 liquid brachytherapy has the potential to be used as an adjuvant therapy or for palliation purposes. Future work includes evaluation of pharmacokinetics of the Y-90 radiopharmaceutical, calibration of PET/CT scanners for the direct quantitative assessment of Y-90 activity concentration, and assessment of efficacy of the Y-90 liquid brachytherapy strategy.

Zhou, Jingjie

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

CT based computerized identification and analysis of human airways: A review  

SciTech Connect

As one of the most prevalent chronic disorders, airway disease is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. In order to understand its underlying mechanisms and to enable assessment of therapeutic efficacy of a variety of possible interventions, noninvasive investigation of the airways in a large number of subjects is of great research interest. Due to its high resolution in temporal and spatial domains, computed tomography (CT) has been widely used in clinical practices for studying the normal and abnormal manifestations of lung diseases, albeit there is a need to clearly demonstrate the benefits in light of the cost and radiation dose associated with CT examinations performed for the purpose of airway analysis. Whereas a single CT examination consists of a large number of images, manually identifying airway morphological characteristics and computing features to enable thorough investigations of airway and other lung diseases is very time-consuming and susceptible to errors. Hence, automated and semiautomated computerized analysis of human airways is becoming an important research area in medical imaging. A number of computerized techniques have been developed to date for the analysis of lung airways. In this review, we present a summary of the primary methods developed for computerized analysis of human airways, including airway segmentation, airway labeling, and airway morphometry, as well as a number of computer-aided clinical applications, such as virtual bronchoscopy. Both successes and underlying limitations of these approaches are discussed, while highlighting areas that may require additional work.

Pu Jiantao; Gu Suicheng; Liu Shusen; Zhu Shaocheng; Wilson, David; Siegfried, Jill M.; Gur, David [Imaging Research Center, Department of Radiology, University of Pittsburgh, 3362 Fifth Avenue, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 (United States); School of Computing, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah 84112 (United States); Department of Radiology, Henan Provincial People's Hospital, Zhengzhou 450003 (China); Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, 580 S. Aiken Avenue, Suite 400, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15232 (United States); Department of Pharmacology and Chemical Biology, Hillman Cancer Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 (United States); Imaging Research Center, Department of Radiology, University of Pittsburgh, 3362 Fifth Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 (United States)

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

355

Detection sensitivity of x-ray CT imaging for NDE of green-state ceramics  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Improved ceramic-processing methods that use pressure slip-casting and injection molding are being developed at Norton Advanced Ceramics, with a goal of producing reliable structural ceramics for advanced heat engines. Nondestructive evaluation (NDE) of ceramic parts at different stages of processing can provide useful diagnostic information to help improve processing techniques. For example, an evaluation of density gradients in as-cast green-body samples can be used to judge mold performance and make changes in mold design. Also, the ability to detect minute flaws (20 to 50 {mu}m), such as agglomerates, inclusions, and voids, in green-body, presintered, and densified parts is important in ensuring structural reliability of the final parts, because these flaws, above certain critical sizes, can lead to catastrophic failure. Three-dimensional microfocus X-ray computed tomography (CT) and nuclear magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) systems have been developed at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) for application to quantitative NDE evaluation of ceramics. This paper evaluates the detection sensitivity of the ANL X-ray CT system when used to determine density gradients, inclusions, and voids in green-state Si{sub 3}N{sub 4} ceramics. A theoretical account of key system- and sample-related parameters affecting X-ray CT detection sensitivity is given, and results of experimental evaluation are presented. Density calibration phantoms and net-shape-formed tensile rods with seeded defects were used in the experimental evaluation of detection limits. 6 refs., 6 figs., 1 tab.

Gopalsami, N.; Rizo, P.; Ellingson, W.A. (Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)); Tracey, D.M. (Norton Co., Northboro, MA (United States). Advanced Ceramics Div.)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Coronary artery wall imaging in mice using osmium tetroxide and micro-computed tomography (micro-CT)  

SciTech Connect

The high spatial resolution of micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) is ideal for 3D imaging of coronary arteries in intact mouse heart specimens. Previously, micro-CT of mouse heart specimens utilized intravascular contrast agents that hardened within the vessel lumen and allowed a vascular cast to be made. However, for mouse coronary artery disease models, it is highly desirable to image coronary artery walls and highlight plaques. For this purpose, we describe an ex vivo contrast-enhanced micro-CT imaging technique based on tissue staining with osmium tetroxide (OsO{sub 4}) solution. As a tissue-staining contrast agent, OsO{sub 4} is retained in the vessel wall and surrounding tissue during the fixation process and cleared from the vessel lumens. Its high X-ray attenuation makes the artery wall visible in CT. Additionally, since OsO{sub 4} preferentially binds to lipids, it highlights lipid deposition in the artery wall. We performed micro-CT of heart specimens of 5- to 25-week-old C57BL/6 wild-type mice and 5- to 13-week-old apolipoprotein E knockout (apoE{sup -/-}) mice at 10 {mu}m resolution. The results show that walls of coronary arteries as small as 45 {mu}m in diameter are visible using a table-top micro-CT scanner. Similar image clarity was achieved with 1/2000th the scan time using a synchrotron CT scanner. In 13-week-old apoE mice, lipid-rich plaques are visible in the aorta. Our study shows that the combination of OsO{sub 4} and micro-CT permits the visualization of the coronary artery wall in intact mouse hearts.

Pai, Vinay M.; Kozlowski, Megan; Donahue, Danielle; Miller, Elishiah; Xiao, Xianghui; Chen, Marcus Y.; Yu, Zu-Xi; Connelly, Patricia; Jeffries, Kenneth; Wen, Han (NIH)

2012-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

357

Effect of point-like disorder on the vortex phase diagram in Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 2}CaCu{sub 2}O{sub 8-{delta}} in oblique field.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The phase diagram of vortex matter in the layered superconductor Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 2}CaCu{sub 2}O{sub 8-{delta}} exposed to a magnetic field oblique to the crystalline c-axis contains two first order transition (FOT) lines. The first, H{sub FOT}{sup m}, separates the vortex solid from the vortex liquid, the second, H{sub FOT}{sup ct}, separates the combined lattice state in the vortex solid from a tilted lattice state. The angular dependence of H{sub FOT}{sup m} in the tilted lattice region follows the anisotropic Ginzburg-Landau model, allowing for the determination of the anisotropy factor {gamma}{sub eff} and the contribution of magnetic coupling to the mutual interaction of 'pancake' vortices in the crossed lattice limit. The later parameter is directly related to the in-plane penetration depth {lambda}{sub ab}. We investigate the evolution of the phase diagram of Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 2}CaCu{sub 2}O{sub 8-{delta}} in oblique fields with point-like disorder, introduced by irradiation with 2.3 MeV electrons. Apart from the depression of T{sub c}, point-like disorder induces an increase of {gamma}{sub eff} and a depression of the superfluid density.

Konczykowski, M.; van der Beek, C. J.; Mosser, V.; Koshelev, A. E.; Li, M.; Kes, P. H. (Materials Science Division); (Ecole Polytechnique); (ITRON); (Leiden Univ.)

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Photoionization of Ca in a static electric field  

SciTech Connect

We present a joint theoretical and experimental investigation for electric-field effects on ground-state photoionization of Ca. For an electric field with its direction along the z axis, the dominant field-free, doubly excited, odd-parity (i.e., 3dnp and/or 3dnf) resonances of the {sup 1,3}L{sub J=1}{sup o} (i.e., {sup 1,3}P{sub J=1}{sup o} and {sup 3}D{sub J=1}{sup o}) symmetries are coupled with the even-parity (i.e., 3dns, 3dnd, and/or 3dng) resonances of the {sup 1,3}L{sub J=0}{sup e} (i.e., {sup 1}S{sub J=0}{sup e} and {sup 3}P{sub J=0}{sup e}) and {sup 1,3}L{sub J=2}{sup e} (i.e., {sup 3}P{sub J=2}{sup e}, {sup 1,3}D{sub J=2}{sup e}, and {sup 3}F{sub J=2}{sup e}) symmetries. Using a B-spline-based complex-rotation method with spin-dependent interaction, our theoretically calculated spectrum is found to be in good agreement with the observed spectrum from a cross-beam photoionization experiment for field strengths up to 25 kV/cm. We present in detail a number of qualitative features of the field-induced level crossing and avoided crossing in energy between neighboring resonances, their corresponding changes in width, and the resulting variation in resonance structure profiles. A few ''hidden'' resonances due to strong overlap with more prominant resonances are also identified theoretically.

Fang, T. K. [Department of Physics, Fu Jen Catholic University, Taipei, Taiwan 242 (China); Lo, J. I.; Yih, T. S. [Department of Physics, National Central University, Chungli, Taiwan 32001 (China); Chang, T. N. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90089-0484 (United States)

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

359

Effect of angiotensin II on Ca sup 2+ kinetics and contraction in cultured rat glomerular mesangial cells  

SciTech Connect

This in vitro study was undertaken to determine the changes in Ca{sup 2+} kinetics and cell shape of cultured putative glomerular mesangial cells in the rat in response to angoitensin II (ANG II). Intracellular Ca{sup 2+} ((Ca{sup 2+}){sub i}) was measured using quin 2. ANG II-stimulated {sup 45}Ca{sup 2+} efflux was also determined. ANG II induced rapid concentration-dependent increases in (Ca{sup 2+}){sub i} and {sup 45}Ca{sup 2+} efflux. ANG II also induced contraction of mesangial cells as assessed by alterations in cell shape. Even in Ca{sup 2+}-free medium, ANG II increased (Ca{sup 2+}){sub i} and {sup 45}Ca{sub 2+} efflux, but to a lesser extent. Under this condition, contraction of mesangial cells induced by ANG II was also observed. Readdition of extracellular Ca{sup 2+} and the ANG II-induced increase in (Ca{sup 2+}){sub i} caused a second and slower (Ca{sup 2+}){sub i} increase. High potassium (50 mM) induced a change of (Ca{sup 2+}){sub i}, but to a lesser extent compared with the ANG II-induced change. The Ca{sup 2+} channel blocker verapamil partially inhibited ANG II-induced {sup 45}Ca{sup 2+} influx but totally blocked the increase in (Ca{sup 2+}){sub i} induced by high potassium. Verapamil did not inhibit ANG II-stimulated Ca{sup 2+} efflux or the change in cell shape. Dantrolene (10{sup {minus}4} M), a blocker of Ca{sup 2+} release from endoplasmic reticulum, inhibited ANG II-stimulated Ca{sup 2+} efflux and change in cell shape. These results indicate that ANG II rapidly increases (Ca{sup 2+}){sub i} in cultured rat mesangial cells, in part by mobilizing Ca{sup 2+} from dantrolene-sensitive intracellular pools and in part through activation of receptor-operated and voltage-dependent Ca{sup 2+} channels. The (Ca{sup 2+}){sub i} mobilization, however, seems to be the primary modulator of initial glomerular mesangial cell contraction.

Takeda, Katsuji; Meyer-Lehnert, H.; Kim, J.K.; Schrier, R.W. (Univ. of Colorado School of Medicine, Denver (USA))

1988-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Temperature dependence of the Ca 2 ?-ATPase (SERCA2) in the ventricles of tuna and mackerel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

physiological studies on the cardiovascular performance of tunas suggest that the elevated heart rates of these fish may rely on increased use of intracellular sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca2 ? stores. In this study, we compare the cellular cardiac performance in endothermic tunas (bluefin, albacore, yellowfin) and their ectothermic sister taxa (mackerel) in response to acute temperature change. The cardiac sarco/endoplasmic reticulum Ca2?-ATPase (SERCA2) plays a major role during cardiac excitation-contraction (E-C) coupling, transporting Ca2 ? from the cytosol into the lumen of the SR and thus promoting the relaxation of the muscle. Measurements of oxalate-supported Ca2 ? uptake in SR-enriched ventricular vesicles indicated that tunas were capable of sustaining a rate of Ca2 ? uptake that was significantly higher than the mackerel. Among tunas, the cold-tolerant bluefin had the highest rates of SR Ca2 ? uptake and ATPase activity. The differences among Ca2 ? uptake and ATP hydrolysis rates do not seem

Ana M. L; Jeffery M. Morrissette; Jason M. Blank; Barbara A. Block; Ana M; Jeffery M. Morrissette; Jason M; J Physiol; Regul Integr; Comp Physiol R–r

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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361

Preserving the U.S. Underground and Alternative Press of the 1960s and '70s: History, Prospects, and Microform Sources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DC Anvil, The, Sacramento, CA * Appalachian Lookout,CA Mom Guess What! , Sacramento, CA New Sos News, SanCT* People's Witness, Sacramento, CA People's World, San

Tsang, Daniel C

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Vibrational, rotational, and isotopic dependence of CaBr X/sup 2/. sigma. spin-rotational and HFS parameters  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The previously published molecular-beam, laser-rf, double-resonance study of the rotational and isotopic dependences of the spin-rotational and hyperfine interactions in the v'' = 0, X/sup 2/..sigma.. state of CaBr is supplemented here with data for v''=1. The vibrational dependence of the parameters is now obtained. The results for CaBr are displayed along with analogous, previously published results for CaF and CaCl.

Childs, W.J.; Cok, D.R.; Goodman, L.S.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Wiberg: The Santa Rita Village Mortuary Complex (CA-ALA-413): Evidence and Implications of a Meganos Intrusion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

does not critically evaluate the merit of the Meganos hypothesis, the meaning of observed differences between CA-ALA-413

Fenenga, Gerrit L

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

NGA98fin5.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

8 8 NJ WY AK AL CA AR CO CT DE FL GA HI ID KS IL IN IA IA KY LA ME MI MA MD MN MS MT MO NE ND OH NV NM NY NH NC OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT WA WV WI AZ VA DC 0.00-1.99 2.00-2.99 3.00-3.99 4.00-4.99 5.00-5.99 6.00-6.99 7.00+ NJ WY AK AL CA AR CO CT DE FL GA HI ID KS IL IN IA IA KY LA ME MI MA MD MN MS MT MO NE ND OH NV NM NY NH NC OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT WA WV WI AZ VA DC 0.00-1.99 2.00-2.99 3.00-3.99 4.00-4.99 5.00-5.99 6.00-6.99 7.00+ 18. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Onsystem Industrial Consumers, 1998 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Figure 19. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Electric Utilities, 1998 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Figure Sources: Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), Form FERC-423, "Monthly Report of Cost and Quality of Fuels for Electric Plants," and Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental

365

C:\ANNUAL\VENTCHAP.V8\NGAla1109.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2000 2000 NJ WY AK AL CA AR CO CT DE FL GA HI ID KS IL IN IA IA KY LA ME MI MA MD MN MS MT MO NE ND OH NV NM NY NH NC OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT WA WV WI AZ VA DC 0.00-1.99 2.00-3.99 4.00-5.99 6.00-7.99 8.00-9.99 10.00-11.99 12.00+ NJ WY AK AL CA AR CO CT DE FL GA HI ID KS IL IN IA IA KY LA ME MI MA MD MN MS MT MO NE ND OH NV NM NY NH NC OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT WA WV WI AZ VA DC 0.00-1.99 2.00-3.99 4.00-5.99 6.00-7.99 8.00-99.99 10.00-11.99 12.00+ 19. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Onsystem Industrial Consumers, 2000 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Figure 20. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Electric Utilities, 2000 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Figure Sources: Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), Form FERC-423, "Monthly Report of Cost and Quality of Fuels for Electric Plants," and Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural

366

C:\Annual\VENTCHAP.V8\NGA02.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2002 2002 0.00-1.99 2.00-3.99 4.00-5.99 6.00-7.99 8.00-9.99 10.00-11.99 12.00+ WA ID MT OR CA NV UT AZ NM CO WY ND SD MN WI NE IA KS MO TX IL IN OH MI OK AR TN W VA KY MD PA WI NY VT NH MA CT ME RI NJ DE DC NC SC GA AL MS LA FL HI AK Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition," and Form EIA 910, "Monthly Natural Gas Marketer Survey." 17. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Commercial Consumers, 2002 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Figure 0.00-1.99 2.00-3.99 4.00-5.99 6.00-7.99 8.00-9.99 10.00-11.99 12.00+ WA ID MT OR CA NV UT AZ NM CO WY ND SD MN WI NE IA KS MO TX IL IN OH MI OK AR TN W VA KY MD PA WI NY VT NH MA CT ME RI NJ DE DC NC SC GA AL MS LA FL HI AK 16. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Residential Consumers, 2002 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Figure Source: Energy Information Administration

367

Microsoft Word - Figure_18_19.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9 9 0.00-2.49 2.50-4.49 4.50-6.49 6.50-8.49 8.50-10.49 10.50+ WA ID MT OR CA NV UT AZ NM CO WY ND SD MN WI NE IA KS MO TX IL IN OH MI OK AR TN WV VA KY PA WI NY VT NH MA CT ME RI NJ DE DC NC SC GA AL MS LA FL HI AK MD 0.00-2.49 2.50-4.49 4.50-6.49 6.50-8.49 8.50-10.49 10.50+ WA ID MT OR CA NV UT AZ NM CO WY ND SD MN WI NE IA KS MO TX IL IN OH MI OK AR TN WV VA KY MD PA WI NY VT NH MA CT ME RI NJ DE DC NC SC GA AL MS LA FL HI AK Figure 18. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Onsystem Industrial Consumers, 2004 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Figure 19. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Electric Power Consumers, 2004 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition." Note: States where the electric power price has been withheld (see Table 23) are included in the $0.00-$2.49 price category.

368

Microsoft Word - NGAMaster_State_TablesNov12.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

49 49 0.00-1.99 2.00-3.99 4.00-5.99 6.00-7.99 8.00-9.99 10.00-11.99 12.00+ WA ID MT OR CA NV UT AZ NM CO WY ND SD MN WI NE IA KS MO TX IL IN OH MI OK AR TN WV VA KY PA WI NY VT NH MA CT ME RI NJ DE DC NC SC GA AL MS LA FL HI AK MD 0.00-1.99 2.00-3.99 4.00-5.99 6.00-7.99 8.00-9.99 10.00-11.99 12.00+ WA ID MT OR CA NV UT AZ NM CO WY ND SD MN WI NE IA KS MO TX IL IN OH MI OK AR TN WV VA KY MD PA WI NY VT NH MA CT ME RI NJ DE DC NC SC GA AL MS LA FL HI AK Figure 18. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Onsystem Industrial Consumers, 2003 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Figure 19. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Electric Power Consumers, 2003 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition." Note: States where the electric power price has been withheld (see Table 23) are included in the $0.00-$1.99 price category.

369

NGA98fin5.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1998 1998 NJ WY AK AL CA AR CO CT DE FL GA HI ID KS IL IN IA IA KY LA ME MI MA MD MN MS MT MO NE ND OH NV NM NY NH NC OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT WA WV WI AZ VA DC Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition." NJ WY AK AL CA AR CO CT DE FL GA HI ID KS IL IN IA IA KY LA ME MI MA MD MN MS MT MO NE ND OH NV NM NY NH NC OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT WA WV WI AZ VA DC Note: Commercial prices include natural gas delivered for use as vehicle fuel. Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition." 0.00-1.99 2.00-2.99 3.00-3.99 4.00-4.99 5.00-5.99 6.00-6.99 7.00+ 0.00-1.99 2.00-2.99 3.00-3.99 4.00-4.99 5.00-5.99 6.00-6.99 7.00+ 16. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Residential Consumers, 1998 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Figure

370

C:\ANNUAL\VENTCHAP.V8\NewNGA02.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2001 2001 0.00-1.99 2.00-3.99 4.00-5.99 6.00-7.99 8.00-9.99 10.00-11.99 12.00+ WA ID MT OR CA NV UT AZ NM CO WY ND SD MN WI NE IA KS MO TX IL IN OH MI OK AR TN W VA KY MD PA WI NY VT NH MA CT ME RI NJ DE DC NC SC GA AL MS LA FL HI AK Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition." 30. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Onsystem Industrial Consumers, 2001 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Figure 0.00-1.99 2.00-3.99 4.00-5.99 6.00-7.99 8.00-9.99 10.00-11.99 12.00+ WA ID MT OR CA NV UT AZ NM CO WY ND SD MN WI NE IA KS MO TX IL IN OH MI OK AR TN W VA KY MD PA WI NY VT NH MA CT ME RI NJ DE DC NC SC GA AL MS LA FL HI AK 31. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Electric Utilities, 2001 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Figure Sources: Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), Form FERC-423, "Monthly Report of

371

NGA_99fin.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9 9 NJ WY AK AL CA AR CO CT DE FL GA HI ID KS IL IN IA IA KY LA ME MI MA MD MN MS MT MO NE ND OH NV NM NY NH NC OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT WA WV WI AZ VA DC 0.00-1.99 2.00-2.99 3.00-3.99 4.00-4.99 5.00-5.99 6.00-6.99 7.00+ NJ WY AK AL CA AR CO CT DE FL GA HI ID KS IL IN IA IA KY LA ME MI MA MD MN MS MT MO NE ND OH NV NM NY NH NC OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT WA WV WI AZ VA DC 0.00-1.99 2.00-2.99 3.00-3.99 4.00-4.99 5.00-5.99 6.00-6.99 7.00+ 18. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Onsystem Industrial Consumers, 1999 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Figure 19. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Electric Utilities, 1999 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Figure Sources: Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), Form FERC-423, "Monthly Report of Cost and Quality of Fuels for Electric Plants," and Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental

372

C:\ANNUAL\VENTCHAP.V8\NGAla1109.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Energy Energy Information Administration / Natural Gas Annual 2000 NJ WY AK AL CA AR CO CT DE FL GA HI ID KS IL IN IA IA KY LA ME MI MA MD MN MS MT MO NE ND OH NV NM NY NH NC OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT WA WV WI AZ VA DC Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition." NJ WY AK AL CA AR CO CT DE FL GA HI ID KS IL IN IA IA KY LA ME MI MA MD MN MS MT MO NE ND OH NV NM NY NH NC OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT WA WV WI AZ VA DC Note: Commercial prices include natural gas delivered for use as vehicle fuel. Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition." 0.00-1.99 2.00-3.99 4.00-5.99 6.00-7.99 8.00-9.99 10.00-11.99 12.00+ 0.00-1.99 2.00-3.99 4.00-5.99 6.00-7.99 8.00-9.99 10.00-11.99 12.00+ 17. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Residential

373

C:\Annual\VENTCHAP.V8\NGA02.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2 2 0.00-1.99 2.00-3.99 4.00-5.99 6.00-7.99 8.00-9.99 10.00-11.99 12.00+ WA ID MT OR CA NV UT AZ NM CO WY ND SD MN WI NE IA KS MO TX IL IN OH MI OK AR TN W VA KY MD PA WI NY VT NH MA CT ME RI NJ DE DC NC SC GA AL MS LA FL HI AK 18. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Onsystem Industrial Consumers, 2002 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Figure Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition." 0.00-1.99 2.00-3.99 4.00-5.99 6.00-7.99 8.00-9.99 10.00-11.99 12.00+ WA ID MT OR CA NV UT AZ NM CO WY ND SD MN WI NE IA KS MO TX IL IN OH MI OK AR TN W VA KY MD PA WI NY VT NH MA CT ME RI NJ DE DC NC SC GA AL MS LA FL HI AK 19. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Electric Utilities, 2002 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Figure Sources: Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), Form FERC-423, "Monthly Report of Cost

374

NGA_99fin.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9 9 NJ WY AK AL CA AR CO CT DE FL GA HI ID KS IL IN IA IA KY LA ME MI MA MD MN MS MT MO NE ND OH NV NM NY NH NC OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT WA WV WI AZ VA DC Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition." NJ WY AK AL CA AR CO CT DE FL GA HI ID KS IL IN IA IA KY LA ME MI MA MD MN MS MT MO NE ND OH NV NM NY NH NC OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT WA WV WI AZ VA DC Note: Commercial prices include natural gas delivered for use as vehicle fuel. Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition." 0.00-1.99 2.00-2.99 3.00-3.99 4.00-4.99 5.00-5.99 6.00-6.99 7.00+ 0.00-1.99 2.00-2.99 3.00-3.99 4.00-4.99 5.00-5.99 6.00-6.99 7.00+ 16. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Residential Consumers, 1999 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Figure

375

C:\ANNUAL\VENTCHAP.V8\NGA.VP  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

8 8 NJ WY AK AL CA AR CO CT DE FL GA HI ID KS IL IN IA IA KY LA ME MI MA MD MN MS MT MO NE ND OH NV NM NY NH NC OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT WA WV WI AZ VA DC Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition." NJ WY AK AL CA AR CO CT DE FL GA HI ID KS IL IN IA IA KY LA ME MI MA MD MN MS MT MO NE ND OH NV NM NY NH NC OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT WA WV WI AZ VA DC Note: Commercial prices include natural gas delivered for use as vehicle fuel. Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition." 0.00-1.99 2.00-2.99 3.00-3.99 4.00-4.99 5.00-5.99 6.00-6.99 7.00+ 0.00-1.99 2.00-2.99 3.00-3.99 4.00-4.99 5.00-5.99 6.00-6.99 7.00+ 16. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Residential Consumers, 1997 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Figure

376

C:\ANNUAL\VENTCHAP.V8\NewNGA02.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2001 2001 0.00-1.99 2.00-3.99 4.00-5.99 6.00-7.99 8.00-9.99 10.00-11.99 12.00+ WA ID MT OR CA NV UT AZ NM CO WY ND SD MN WI NE IA KS MO TX IL IN OH MI OK AR TN W VA KY MD PA WI NY VT NH MA CT ME RI NJ DE DC NC SC GA AL MS LA FL HI AK Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition." 28. Average Price of Natural Gas Delivered to U.S. Onsystem Residential Consumers, 2001 (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Figure 0.00-1.99 2.00-3.99 4.00-5.99 6.00-7.99 8.00-9.99 10.00-11.99 12.00+ WA ID MT OR CA NV UT AZ NM CO WY ND SD MN WI NE IA KS MO TX IL IN OH MI OK AR TN W VA KY MD PA WI NY VT NH MA CT ME RI NJ DE DC NC SC GA AL MS LA FL HI AK Note: Commercial prices include natural gas delivered for use as vehicle fuel. Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition."

377

Photoionization thresholds of rare-earth impurity ions. EuS :CaF2, CeT :YAG, and SmS :CaF2  

SciTech Connect

The spectral dependence of the photoionization energy of EuS :CaF2, CeT :YAG, and SmS :CaF2 systems have been measured and thresholds experimentally determined and compared with theoretical values calculated from electrostatic models. It is shown that the excited state absorption transitions or the persistent hole burning observed by other authors occur above the threshold energy of photoionization of the impurities and that the states of the crystal which form the bottom of the conduction band may play an important role in the strong probability of these processes. A review of thresholds now known is also given.

Pedrini, C.; Rogemond, F.; McClure, D.S.

1986-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

378

GRR/Elements/18-CA-c.2 - Onsite Treatment Process | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » GRR/Elements/18-CA-c.2 - Onsite Treatment Process < GRR‎ | Elements Jump to: navigation, search Edit 18-CA-b.2 - Onsite Treatment Process Non-RCRA waste treated on-site receives a California on-site treatment permit from the California DTSC. See Flowchart 18-CA-XX. Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=GRR/Elements/18-CA-c.2_-_Onsite_Treatment_Process&oldid=539943" What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties About us Disclaimers Energy blogs Linked Data Developer services OpenEI partners with a broad range of international organizations to grow

379

GRR/Section 8-CA-b - CPUC Process | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

8-CA-b - CPUC Process 8-CA-b - CPUC Process < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 8-CA-b - CPUC Process 08CABCaliforniaTransmissionCPUCProcess.pdf Click to View Fullscreen Contact Agencies California Public Utilities Commission Regulations & Policies California Environmental Quality Act General Order 131-D Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content 08CABCaliforniaTransmissionCPUCProcess.pdf 08CABCaliforniaTransmissionCPUCProcess.pdf 08CABCaliforniaTransmissionCPUCProcess.pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Flowchart Narrative 8-CA-b.1 - Is the Transmission Line Between 50kV - 200 kV No electric public utility shall begin construction in this state of any

380

CRUSTAL STRESS HETEROGENEITY IN THE VICINITY OF COSO GEOTHERMAL FIELD, CA |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CRUSTAL STRESS HETEROGENEITY IN THE VICINITY OF COSO GEOTHERMAL FIELD, CA CRUSTAL STRESS HETEROGENEITY IN THE VICINITY OF COSO GEOTHERMAL FIELD, CA Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Conference Proceedings: CRUSTAL STRESS HETEROGENEITY IN THE VICINITY OF COSO GEOTHERMAL FIELD, CA Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Borehole induced structures in image logs of wells from the Coso Geothermal Field (CGF), CA record variation in the azimuth of principal stress. Image logs of these structures from five wells were analyzed to quantify the stress heterogeneity for three geologically distinct locations: two wells within the CGF (one in an actively produced volume), two on the margin of the CGF and outside the production area, and a control well several tens of kilometers south of the CGF. Average directions of

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381

GRR/Elements/14-CA-c.10 - Propose Revisions | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » GRR/Elements/14-CA-c.10 - Propose Revisions < GRR‎ | Elements Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections 14-CA-c.10 - Propose Revisions The Regional Board determines whether the draft requirements provide protection to ground and surface waters with present or anticipated beneficial use. If the Regional Board determines the draft requirements are not adequate, the Regional Board has 30 days to propose revisions which satisfy the Regional Board's concerns. Logic Chain No Parents \V/ GRR/Elements/14-CA-c.10 - Propose Revisions (this page) \V/ No Dependents Under Development Add.png Add an Element Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=GRR/Elements/14-CA-c.10_-_Propose_Revisions&oldid=539622"

382

Influence of the Synoptic-Scale Flow on Sea Breezes Observed during CaPE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mean sea-breeze characteristics were determined by analyzing a number of sea-breeze events during offshore, parallel, and onshore flow regimes during the Convection and Precipitation/Electrification Experiment (CaPE). It was observed that ...

Nolan T. Atkins; Roger M. Wakimoto

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

GRR/Elements/18-CA-b.2 - Onsite Treatment Process | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

2 - Onsite Treatment Process < GRR | Elements Jump to: navigation, search Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleGRRElements18-CA-b.2-OnsiteTreatmentProces...

384

GRR/Elements/14-CA-b.12 - Were all EPA objections resolved |...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Were all EPA objections resolved < GRR | Elements Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections 14-CA-b.12 -...

385

GRR/Elements/14-CA-a.12 - Did a majority of the Regional Board...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

12 - Did a majority of the Regional Board adopt the WDR's at the public hearing < GRR | Elements Jump to: navigation, search Edit 14-CA-a.12 - Did a majority of the Regional...

386

GRR/Elements/18-CA-c.12 - WDR Public Hearing | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

WDR Public Hearing < GRR | Elements Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections 18-CA-c.12 - WDR Public...

387

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO 9500 Gilman Drive La Jolla, CA 92093  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO 9500 Gilman Drive La Jolla, CA 92093 STUDENT HEALTH SERVICES that applies: Mental Health Treatment: ____ Medical Care, including laboratory and x-ray results ___ Dates/or Academic Coordination Other________________________________ NOTICE: UCSD Student Health Services

Russell, Lynn

388

www.uwo.ca/earth/grad/ Western's award winning faculty members, cutting  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Professor Stable isotope biogeochemistry: Microbial alteration of modern and ancient oceanic crust; Evidence; Astrobiology. CORCORAN, P L , Assistant Professor Sedimentary petrology, Precambrian geology, & geochemistry, weathering. #12;www.uwo.ca/earth/grad/ HICOCK, S R , Professor Glacial & Quaternary geology; Genesis

Christensen, Dan

389

GRR/Elements/18-CA-c.10 - Draft Waste Discharge Permit | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

0 - Draft Waste Discharge Permit < GRR | Elements Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections 18-CA-c.10 -...

390

An Empirical Na-K-Ca Geothermometer For Natural Waters | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Empirical Na-K-Ca Geothermometer For Natural Waters Empirical Na-K-Ca Geothermometer For Natural Waters Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: An Empirical Na-K-Ca Geothermometer For Natural Waters Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: An empirical method of estimating the last temperature of water-rock interaction has been devised. It is based upon molar Na, K and Ca concentrations in natural waters from temperature environments ranging from 4 to 340°C. The data for most geothermal waters cluster near a straight line when plotted as the function vs reciprocal of absolute temperature, where Β is either or depending upon whether the water equilibrated above or below 100°C. For most waters tested, the method gives better results than the methods suggested by other workers. The ratio

391

Single crystal growth and superconductivity of Ca(Fe1-xCox)2As2  

SciTech Connect

We report the single crystal growth of Ca(Fe1-xCox)2As2 (0 <= x <= 0.082) from Sn flux. The temperature-composition phase diagram is mapped out based on the magnetic susceptibility and electrical transport measurements. Phase diagram of Ca(Fe1-xCox)2As2 is qualitatively different from those of Sr and Ba, it could be due to both the charge doping and structural tuning effects associated with Co substitution.

Hu, Rongwei; Ran, Sheng; Budko, Serguei; Straszheim, Warren E.; Canfield, Paul C.

2012-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

392

career services Gordon Hall, 74 Union Street 613 533 2992 careers.queensu.ca  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.aecon.com Agnico-Eagle Mines www.agnico-eagle.com Alberici www.alberici.com/ Aversan Inc. www.aversan.com BRP www.prairiefyre.com Proctor & Gamble http://www.pg.com/en_CA/index.shtml Sherritt Coal www.sherritt.com Schlumberger.spartancontrols.com Statoil Canada Ltd. www.statoil.com StonCor Group www.stoncor.ca Teck Coal Ltd. www.teck.com Trane www

Graham, Nick

393

Virtual monochromatic imaging in dual-source dual-energy CT: Radiation dose and image quality  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: To evaluate the image quality of virtual monochromatic images synthesized from dual-source dual-energy computed tomography (CT) in comparison with conventional polychromatic single-energy CT for the same radiation dose. Methods: In dual-energy CT, besides the material-specific information, one may also synthesize monochromatic images at different energies, which can be used for routine diagnosis similar to conventional polychromatic single-energy images. In this work, the authors assessed whether virtual monochromatic images generated from dual-source CT scanners had an image quality similar to that of polychromatic single-energy images for the same radiation dose. First, the authors provided a theoretical analysis of the optimal monochromatic energy for either the minimum noise level or the highest iodine contrast to noise ratio (CNR) for a given patient size and dose partitioning between the low- and high-energy scans. Second, the authors performed an experimental study on a dual-source CT scanner to evaluate the noise and iodine CNR in monochromatic images. A thoracic phantom with three sizes of attenuating rings was used to represent four adult sizes. For each phantom size, three dose partitionings between the low-energy (80 kV) and the high-energy (140 kV) scans were used in the dual-energy scan. Monochromatic images at eight energies (40 to 110 keV) were generated for each scan. Phantoms were also scanned at each of the four polychromatic single energy (80, 100, 120, and 140 kV) with the same radiation dose. Results: The optimal virtual monochromatic energy depends on several factors: phantom size, partitioning of the radiation dose between low- and high-energy scans, and the image quality metrics to be optimized. With the increase of phantom size, the optimal monochromatic energy increased. With the increased percentage of radiation dose on the low energy scan, the optimal monochromatic energy decreased. When maximizing the iodine CNR in monochromatic images, the optimal energy was lower than that when minimizing noise level. When the total radiation dose was equally distributed between low and high energy in dual-energy scans, for minimum noise, the optimal energies were 68, 71, 74, and 77 keV for small, medium, large, and extra-large (xlarge) phantoms, respectively; for maximum iodine CNR, the optimal energies were 66, 68, 70, 72 keV. With the optimal monochromatic energy, the noise level was similar to and the CNR was better than that in a single-energy scan at 120 kV for the same radiation dose. Compared to an 80 kV scan, however, the iodine CNR in monochromatic images was lower for the small, medium, and large phantoms. Conclusions: In dual-source dual-energy CT, optimal virtual monochromatic energy depends on patient size, dose partitioning, and the image quality metric optimized. With the optimal monochromatic energy, the noise level was similar to and the iodine CNR was better than that in 120 kV images for the same radiation dose. Compared to single-energy 80 kV images, the iodine CNR in virtual monochromatic images was lower for small to large phantom sizes.

Yu Lifeng; Christner, Jodie A.; Leng Shuai; Wang Jia; Fletcher, Joel G.; McCollough, Cynthia H. [Department of Radiology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota 55905 (United States)

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

394

Large energy gaps in CaC{sub 6} from tunneling spectroscopy : possible evidence of strong-coupling superconductivity.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Tunneling in CaC{sub 6} crystals reproducibly reveals superconducting gaps {Delta} of 2.3 {+-} 0.2 meV that are {approx}40% larger than reported earlier. In an isotropic s-wave scenario, that puts CaC{sub 6} into the class of very strongly coupled superconductors, since 2{Delta}/kT{sub c}-4.6, implying that soft Ca phonons are primarily involved in the superconductivity. This conclusion explains the relatively large Ca isotope effect found recently for CaC{sub 6}, but it could also signal a strong anisotropy in the electron-phonon interaction.

Kurter, C.; Ozyuzer, L.; Mazur, D.; Zasadzinski, J. F.; Rosenmann, D.; Claus, H.; Hinks, D. G.; Gray, K. E.; Materials Science Division; Illinois Inst. of Tech.; Izmir Inst. of Tech.

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Data:5fb3c97f-ce9a-48f6-8ca8-49490c5257ca | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

fb3c97f-ce9a-48f6-8ca8-49490c5257ca fb3c97f-ce9a-48f6-8ca8-49490c5257ca No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Clay Electric Cooperative, Inc Effective date: 2011/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Rate Schedule - SS Sector: Commercial Description: To consumers whose electric service requirements are normally supplied or supplemented from sources other than the Cooperative, including any consumer having on-site generating equipment, and who request firm standby service. A consumer having on-site generating equipment and requesting firm standby service is required to take service under this rate schedule if his total generating capability: (1) exceeds 100 kW, and (2) supplies at least 20% of his total electrical load, and (3) is operated for other than emergency and test purposes.

396

Data:5e1a0ca0-8d0e-42ca-83b2-60d0855d7160 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

a0ca0-8d0e-42ca-83b2-60d0855d7160 a0ca0-8d0e-42ca-83b2-60d0855d7160 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: PUD No 1 of Chelan County Effective date: 2012/04/01 End date if known: Rate name: Primary Power Service Schedules 30 Sector: Industrial Description: These schedules apply to Customers with average electrical loads from 0.4 annual average megawatts (aMWs) up to and including 5 annual aMWs at a single Point of Delivery. These rate schedules are available throughout the District's service area with the exception of the Stehekin area. Service under Schedule 3, 30, and 33 may require a power sales contract between the Customer and the District prior to connection of service.

397

Data:Abe526c1-9c10-4b5c-a982-dbd652ca6b20 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Abe526c1-9c10-4b5c-a982-dbd652ca6b20 Abe526c1-9c10-4b5c-a982-dbd652ca6b20 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Halifax Electric Member Corp Effective date: 2012/10/01 End date if known: Rate name: RESIDENTIAL SERVICE Sector: Residential Description: AVAILABILITY: This Schedule is available in all territory served by the Cooperative, subject to its established Service Rules and Regulations. APPLICABILITY: This Schedule is applicable when electric service is used for domestic purposes in and about a residential dwelling unit. Service under this Schedule is not applicable for farm operations such as crop dryers or tobacco barns, or for other commercial purposes. However, where this type of service is in combination with residential service and the total demand of the nonresidential usage is not greater than the total demand of the residential service requirements, the consumer may be served under this Schedule. If the predominant demand is nonresidential in nature, the Member must be served under a General Service schedule or the residential and nonresidential loads will be metered separately and billed under the appropriate schedule for each service. Service shall be provided at one location through one meter.

398

Data:Eb0ca68b-e5bc-4c3b-8301-737584d9ca18 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ca68b-e5bc-4c3b-8301-737584d9ca18 ca68b-e5bc-4c3b-8301-737584d9ca18 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Foley Board of Utilities Effective date: 1990/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Unmetered Outdoor Lighting- 250W High Pressure Sodium -With Pole Sector: Lighting Description: Dusk to dawn unmetered service is covered by charges set forth below which also cover initial installation of overhead lines, poles (where applicable), fixture assembly including four foot mounting hardware for standard luminaries and two foot mounting hardware for flood lights, and maintenance including lamp replacements due to burn outs. Such charges do not cover replacement of lamps, luminaries, brackets or overhead lines which are damaged or destroyed due to vandalism or any other cause beyond the Utility's control, such facilities damaged or destroyed under such circumstances to be replaced by the Utility at the Consumer's expense. Lamp renewals and required maintenance will be performed only during regular daytime working hours as soon as practical after notification by the Consumer of the necessity.

399

Data:720e2ca4-ba21-4070-9eb5-41ca3ee17d9b | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

e2ca4-ba21-4070-9eb5-41ca3ee17d9b e2ca4-ba21-4070-9eb5-41ca3ee17d9b No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of New Richmond, Wisconsin (Utility Company) Effective date: 2011/08/12 End date if known: Rate name: Ms-1 Street and Yard Lighting Service Ornamental 250 W HPS Sector: Lighting Description: Power Cost Adjustment Clause - All metered rates shall be subject to a positive or negative power cost adjustment charge equivalent to the amount by which the current cost of power (per kilowatt-hour of sales) is greater or lesser than the base cost of power purchased (per kilowatt-hour of sales). The base cost of power (U) is $0.0710 per kilowatt-hour.

400

Data:Dff57447-d8ee-418c-a1ca-c2b6b9d49107 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dff57447-d8ee-418c-a1ca-c2b6b9d49107 Dff57447-d8ee-418c-a1ca-c2b6b9d49107 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Northern States Power Co - Wisconsin Effective date: 2012/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: CUSTOMER OWNED STREET LIGHTING 400* W SV Sector: Lighting Description: Availability: Available for year-round illumination of public streets, parkways, and highways by electric lamps mounted on standards where the customer owns and maintains an Ornamental Street Lighting system complete with standards, luminaires with refractors, lamps and other appurtenances, together with all necessary cables extending between standards and to points of connection to Company's facilities as designated by Company. Mercury Vapor street lighting service under this schedule is limited to the luminaires being served as of December 31, 1987.

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401

Data:6188de3c-0ca3-4d0c-a60b-c796b10000a1 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

8de3c-0ca3-4d0c-a60b-c796b10000a1 8de3c-0ca3-4d0c-a60b-c796b10000a1 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of New Richmond, Wisconsin (Utility Company) Effective date: 2010/02/01 End date if known: Rate name: Cp-1 Small Power Service between 50kW and 200kW Demand Primary Metering and Transformer Ownership Discount Sector: Industrial Description: Power Cost Adjustment Clause - All metered rates shall be subject to a positive or negative power cost adjustment charge equivalent to the amount by which the current cost of power (per kilowatt-hour of sales) is greater or lesser than the base cost of power purchased (per kilowatt-hour of sales). The base cost of power (U) is $0.0710 per kilowatt-hour.

402

Data:43c68747-c0e6-47ca-a52d-c72a51ca6ab7 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

8747-c0e6-47ca-a52d-c72a51ca6ab7 8747-c0e6-47ca-a52d-c72a51ca6ab7 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Prairie Land Electric Coop Inc Effective date: 2010/01/14 End date if known: Rate name: CONTROLLED PRIVATE AREA LIGHTING: MV 400W Sector: Lighting Description: To any customer for lighting of outdoor areas on a dusk to dawn, photo-controlled, unmetered basis from Cooperative's existing distribution system. No additional lamps will be installed under this schedule after the effective date of September 26, 1994. Annual Rate/Unit = $210.96 1) For each additional standard distribution pole, not longer than thirty-five (35) feet, required for such area

403

Data:0bdcbfd8-1bbb-480b-a9b3-ca816ca17d7b | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

bdcbfd8-1bbb-480b-a9b3-ca816ca17d7b bdcbfd8-1bbb-480b-a9b3-ca816ca17d7b No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Northeast Nebraska P P D Effective date: 2013/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: Annual Single Phase Sector: Commercial Description: AVAILABILITY Available to customers of the District for all farm, stock pumps, equipment, commercial and residential using less than 500 kWh per year. TYPE OF SERVICE Single-phase, 60 cycle, at available voltages. RATE: ANNUAL MINIMUM CHARGES The annual minimum charge under the above rate shall be $275.00 where 25 KVA or less of transformer capacity is required. For consumers requiring more than 25 KVA of transformer capacity, the annual minimum charge shall be increased at the rate of $12.00 for each additional KVA or fraction thereof required. Payment of the annual minimum charge will be made annually in advance of receiving service for self-read/self-bill customers. No kWh's are allowed for the annual minimum charge.

404

Reference-free ground truth metric for metal artifact evaluation in CT images  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: In computed tomography (CT), metal objects in the region of interest introduce data inconsistencies during acquisition. Reconstructing these data results in an image with star shaped artifacts induced by the metal inconsistencies. To enhance image quality, the influence of the metal objects can be reduced by different metal artifact reduction (MAR) strategies. For an adequate evaluation of new MAR approaches a ground truth reference data set is needed. In technical evaluations, where phantoms can be measured with and without metal inserts, ground truth data can easily be obtained by a second reference data acquisition. Obviously, this is not possible for clinical data. Here, an alternative evaluation method is presented without the need of an additionally acquired reference data set. Methods: The proposed metric is based on an inherent ground truth for metal artifacts as well as MAR methods comparison, where no reference information in terms of a second acquisition is needed. The method is based on the forward projection of a reconstructed image, which is compared to the actually measured projection data. Results: The new evaluation technique is performed on phantom and on clinical CT data with and without MAR. The metric results are then compared with methods using a reference data set as well as an expert-based classification. It is shown that the new approach is an adequate quantification technique for artifact strength in reconstructed metal or MAR CT images. Conclusions: The presented method works solely on the original projection data itself, which yields some advantages compared to distance measures in image domain using two data sets. Beside this, no parameters have to be manually chosen. The new metric is a useful evaluation alternative when no reference data are available.

Kratz, Baerbel; Ens, Svitlana; Mueller, Jan; Buzug, Thorsten M. [Institute of Medical Engineering, University of Luebeck, 23538 Luebeck (Germany)

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

405

A robust geometry estimation method for spiral, sequential and circular cone-beam micro-CT  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: The authors propose a novel method for misalignment estimation of micro-CT scanners using an adaptive genetic algorithm. Methods: The proposed algorithm is able to estimate the rotational geometry, the direction vector of table movement and the displacement between different imaging threads of a dual source or even multisource scanner. The calibration procedure does not rely on dedicated calibration phantoms and a sequence scan of a single metal bead is sufficient to geometrically calibrate the whole imaging system for spiral, sequential, and circular scan protocols. Dual source spiral and sequential scan protocols in micro-computed tomography result in projection data that-besides the source and detector positions and orientations-also require a precise knowledge of the table direction vector to be reconstructed properly. If those geometric parameters are not known accurately severe artifacts and a loss in spatial resolution appear in the reconstructed images as long as no geometry calibration is performed. The table direction vector is further required to ensure that consecutive volumes of a sequence scan can be stitched together and to allow the reconstruction of spiral data at all. Results: The algorithm's performance is evaluated using simulations of a micro-CT system with known geometry and misalignment. To assess the quality of the algorithm in a real world scenario the calibration of a micro-CT scanner is performed and several reconstructions with and without geometry estimation are presented. Conclusions: The results indicate that the algorithm successfully estimates all geometry parameters, misalignment artifacts in the reconstructed volumes vanish, and the spatial resolution is increased as can be shown by the evaluation of modulation transfer function measurements.

Sawall, Stefan; Knaup, Michael; Kachelriess, Marc [Institute of Medical Physics (IMP), University of Erlangen-Nuernberg, 91052 Erlangen (Germany); Institute of Medical Physics (IMP), University of Erlangen-Nuernberg, 91052 Erlangen (Germany) and Medical Physics in Radiology, German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), Im Neuenheimer Feld 280, 69120 Heidelberg (Germany)

2012-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

406

MI ROFA RI ATED FIELD ALI RATION ASSEM LY  

Remote sensing Gas chromatography Chemical sensing TE HNOLOGI AL ENEFITS Small and portable No monitoring needed High accuracy with as low as

407

MI ROFA RI ATED FIELD ALI RATION ASSEM LY  

Remote sensing Gas chromatography ... remote sensors. The Field Calibration Assembly is designed at a small scale for incorporation into the intake

408

The SiRi Particle-Telescope System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A silicon particle-telescope system for light-ion nuclear reactions is described. In particular, the system is designed to be optimized for level density and gamma-ray strength function measurements with the so-called Oslo method. Eight trapezoidal modules are mounted at 5 cm distance from the target, covering 8 forward angles between theta = 40 and 54 degrees. The thin front dE detectors (130 micrometer) are segmented into eight pads, determining the reaction angle for the outgoing charged ejectile. Guard rings on the thick back E detectors (1550 micrometer) guarantee low leakage current at high depletion voltage.

M. Guttormsen; A. Bürger; T. E. Hansen; N. Lietaer

2011-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

409

NIST GC Methods / RI Search Program and Database  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The Program's Desktop has three tab-activated Windows, each ... On the left side of the Title Bar ... The Right Mouse button menu has many functions. ...

2013-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

410

MaNufactuRiNG DeMONstRatiON  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

new markets. Utilizing Neutron Science for Industry Reconstructed images of a turbine blade using neutron tomography complementary Manufacturing Research World-Leading Research...

411

Proceedings: Radiation Protection Technology Conference: Providence, RI, November 2001  

SciTech Connect

Health physics (HP) professionals within the nuclear industry are continually upgrading their respective programs with new methods and technologies. The move to shorter outages combined with a diminishing group of contract HP technicians and demanding emergent work makes such changes even more important. The EPRI Radiation Protection Technology Conference focused on a number of key health physics issues and developments.

None

2002-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Proceedings: Radiation Protection Technology Conference: Providence, RI, November 2001  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Health physics (HP) professionals within the nuclear industry are continually upgrading their respective programs with new methods and technologies. The move to shorter outages combined with a diminishing group of contract HP technicians and demanding emergent work makes such changes even more important. The EPRI Radiation Protection Technology Conference focused on a number of key health physics issues and developments.

2002-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

413

On proton CT reconstruction using MVCT-converted virtual proton projections  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: To describe a novel methodology of converting megavoltage x-ray projections into virtual proton projections that are otherwise missing due to the proton range limit. These converted virtual proton projections can be used in the reconstruction of proton computed tomography (pCT). Methods: Relations exist between proton projections and multispectral megavoltage x-ray projections for human tissue. Based on these relations, these tissues can be categorized into: (a) adipose tissue; (b) nonadipose soft tissues; and (c) bone. These three tissue categories can be visibly identified on a regular megavoltage x-ray computed tomography (MVCT) image. With an MVCT image and its projection data available, the x-ray projections through heterogeneous anatomy can be converted to the corresponding proton projections using predetermined calibration curves for individual materials, aided by a coarse segmentation on the x-ray CT image. To show the feasibility of this approach, mathematical simulations were carried out. The converted proton projections, plotted on a proton sinogram, were compared to the simulated ground truth. Proton stopping power images were reconstructed using either the virtual proton projections only or a blend of physically available proton projections and virtual proton projections that make up for those missing due to the range limit. These images were compared to a reference image reconstructed from theoretically calculated proton projections. Results: The converted virtual projections had an uncertainty of {+-}0.8% compared to the calculated ground truth. Proton stopping power images reconstructed using a blend of converted virtual projections (48%) and physically available projections (52%) had an uncertainty of {+-}0.86% compared with that reconstructed from theoretically calculated projections. Reconstruction solely from converted virtual proton projections had an uncertainty of {+-}1.1% compared with that reconstructed from theoretical projections. If these images are used for treatment planning, the average proton range uncertainty is estimated to be less than 1.5% for an imaging dose in the milligray range. Conclusions: The proposed method can be used to convert x-ray projections into virtual proton projections. The converted proton projections can be blended with existing proton projections or can be used solely for pCT reconstruction, addressing the range limit problem of pCT using current therapeutic proton machines.

Wang Dongxu; Mackie, T. Rockwell; Tome, Wolfgang A. [Department of Medical Physics, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, Wisconsin 53705 and Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Iowa City, Iowa 52242 (United States); Department of Medical Physics, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, Wisconsin 53705 and Morgridge Institute of Research, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53715 (United States); Department of Medical Physics, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, Wisconsin 53705 and Oncophysics Institute, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Yeshiva University, Bronx, New York 10461 (United States)

2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

414

Improving best-phase image quality in cardiac CT by motion correction with MAM optimization  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Research in image reconstruction for cardiac CT aims at using motion correction algorithms to improve the image quality of the coronary arteries. The key to those algorithms is motion estimation, which is currently based on 3-D/3-D registration to align the structures of interest in images acquired in multiple heart phases. The need for an extended scan data range covering several heart phases is critical in terms of radiation dose to the patient and limits the clinical potential of the method. Furthermore, literature reports only slight quality improvements of the motion corrected images when compared to the most quiet phase (best-phase) that was actually used for motion estimation. In this paper a motion estimation algorithm is proposed which does not require an extended scan range but works with a short scan data interval, and which markedly improves the best-phase image quality. Methods: Motion estimation is based on the definition of motion artifact metrics (MAM) to quantify motion artifacts in a 3-D reconstructed image volume. The authors use two different MAMs, entropy, and positivity. By adjusting the motion field parameters, the MAM of the resulting motion-compensated reconstruction is optimized using a gradient descent procedure. In this way motion artifacts are minimized. For a fast and practical implementation, only analytical methods are used for motion estimation and compensation. Both the MAM-optimization and a 3-D/3-D registration-based motion estimation algorithm were investigated by means of a computer-simulated vessel with a cardiac motion profile. Image quality was evaluated using normalized cross-correlation (NCC) with the ground truth template and root-mean-square deviation (RMSD). Four coronary CT angiography patient cases were reconstructed to evaluate the clinical performance of the proposed method. Results: For the MAM-approach, the best-phase image quality could be improved for all investigated heart phases, with a maximum improvement of the NCC value by 100% and of the RMSD value by 81%. The corresponding maximum improvements for the registration-based approach were 20% and 40%. In phases with very rapid motion the registration-based algorithm obtained better image quality, while the image quality of the MAM algorithm was superior in phases with less motion. The image quality improvement of the MAM optimization was visually confirmed for the different clinical cases. Conclusions: The proposed method allows a software-based best-phase image quality improvement in coronary CT angiography. A short scan data interval at the target heart phase is sufficient, no additional scan data in other cardiac phases are required. The algorithm is therefore directly applicable to any standard cardiac CT acquisition protocol.

Rohkohl, Christopher; Bruder, Herbert; Stierstorfer, Karl [Siemens AG, Healthcare Sector, Siemensstrasse 1, 91301 Forchheim (Germany); Flohr, Thomas [Siemens AG, Healthcare Sector, Siemensstrasse 1, 91301 Forchheim (Germany); Institute of Diagnostic Radiology, Eberhard Karls University, Hoppe-Seyler-Str. 3, 72076 Tuebingen (Germany)

2013-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

415

Quantitative comparison of noise texture across CT scanners from different manufacturers  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To quantitatively compare noise texture across computed tomography (CT) scanners from different manufacturers using the noise power spectrum (NPS). Methods: The American College of Radiology CT accreditation phantom (Gammex 464, Gammex, Inc., Middleton, WI) was imaged on two scanners: Discovery CT 750HD (GE Healthcare, Waukesha, WI), and SOMATOM Definition Flash (Siemens Healthcare, Germany), using a consistent acquisition protocol (120 kVp, 0.625/0.6 mm slice thickness, 250 mAs, and 22 cm field of view). Images were reconstructed using filtered backprojection and a wide selection of reconstruction kernels. For each image set, the 2D NPS were estimated from the uniform section of the phantom. The 2D spectra were normalized by their integral value, radially averaged, and filtered by the human visual response function. A systematic kernel-by-kernel comparison across manufacturers was performed by computing the root mean square difference (RMSD) and the peak frequency difference (PFD) between the NPS from different kernels. GE and Siemens kernels were compared and kernel pairs that minimized the RMSD and |PFD| were identified. Results: The RMSD (|PFD|) values between the NPS of GE and Siemens kernels varied from 0.01 mm{sup 2} (0.002 mm{sup -1}) to 0.29 mm{sup 2} (0.74 mm{sup -1}). The GE kernels 'Soft,''Standard,''Chest,' and 'Lung' closely matched the Siemens kernels 'B35f,''B43f,''B41f,' and 'B80f' (RMSD < 0.05 mm{sup 2}, |PFD| < 0.02 mm{sup -1}, respectively). The GE 'Bone,''Bone+,' and 'Edge' kernels all matched most closely with Siemens 'B75f' kernel but with sizeable RMSD and |PFD| values up to 0.18 mm{sup 2} and 0.41 mm{sup -1}, respectively. These sizeable RMSD and |PFD| values corresponded to visually perceivable differences in the noise texture of the images. Conclusions: It is possible to use the NPS to quantitatively compare noise texture across CT systems. The degree to which similar texture across scanners could be achieved varies and is limited by the kernels available on each scanner.

Solomon, Justin B.; Christianson, Olav; Samei, Ehsan [Carl E. Ravin Advanced Imaging Laboratories and Clinical Imaging Physics Group, Department of Radiology, Medical Physics Graduate Program, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Carl E. Ravin Advanced Imaging Laboratories and Clinical Imaging Physics Group, Department of Radiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Carl E. Ravin Advanced Imaging Laboratories and Clinical Imaging Physics Group, Medical Physics Graduate Program, Departments of Radiology, Physics, Biomedical Engineering, and Electrical and Computer Engineering, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

416

CT calorimetry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... reactions can alter the temperature in various ways, producing a ... The four black items at right below the centimeter rule are ... That way, the immediate ...

2013-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

417

Designing PV Incentive Programs to Promote System Performance: A Review of Current Practice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Utility District (SMUD) Xcel Energy Connecticut Clean EnergyCA – LADWP CA – SMUD CO – Xcel CT – CCEF Small PV ProgramCA – LADWP CA – SMUD CO – Xcel CT – CCEF Small PV Program

Barbose, Galen; Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

CT-Guided Percutaneous Fine-Needle Aspiration Biopsy of the Inferior Vena Cava Wall: A Posterior Coaxial Approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A 72-year-old man was referred to our department with an incidentally diagnosed bronchogenic carcinoma of the right upper lobe. Positron emission tomography (PET) combined with computed tomography (PET-CT) revealed an unexpected hot spot in the ventral wall of the infrarenal segment of the inferior vena cava (IVC). Diagnostic biopsy of this lesion was performed under CT guidance with semiautomated 20G fine-needle aspiration (FNA) through a 19G coaxial needle. Cytology revealed few carcinoma cells, which led to the remarkable diagnosis of a distant metastasis to the IVC wall. Both the immediate postinterventional CT control and the further surveillance period of the patient were unremarkable; in particular, no signs of bleeding complications were detected. We conclude that coaxial FNA of an IVC wall lesion is technically feasible and may even help diagnose distant metastasis.

Kos, Sebastian, E-mail: skos@gmx.de; Bilecen, Deniz [University Hospital Basel, Institute of Radiology (Switzerland); Baumhoer, Daniel [University Hospital Basel, Institute of Pathology (Switzerland); Guillaume, Nicolas [University Hospital Basel, Institute of Nuclear Medicine (Switzerland); Jacob, Augustinus L. [University Hospital Basel, Institute of Radiology (Switzerland)

2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

419

Percutaneous Extraction of Cement Leakage After Vertebroplasty Under CT and Fluoroscopy Guidance: A New Technique  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: We report a new minimally invasive technique of extraction of cement leakage following percutaneous vertebroplasty in adults. Methods: Seven adult patients (five women, two men; mean age: 81 years) treated for vertebral compression fractures by percutaneous vertebroplasty had cement leakage into perivertebral soft tissues along the needle route. Immediately after vertebroplasty, the procedure of extraction was performed under computed tomography (CT) and fluoroscopy guidance: a Chiba needle was first inserted using the same route as the vertebroplasty until contact was obtained with the cement fragment. This needle was then used as a guide for an 11-gauge Trocar t'am (Thiebaud, France). After needle withdrawal, a 13-gauge endoscopy clamp was inserted through the cannula to extract the cement fragments. The whole procedure was performed under local anesthesia. Results: In each patient, all cement fragments were withdrawn within 10 min, without complication. Conclusions: This report suggests that this CT- and fluoroscopy-guided percutaneous technique of extraction could reduce the rate of cement leakage-related complications.

Amoretti, Nicolas, E-mail: amorettinicolas@yahoo.fr; Huwart, Laurent, E-mail: huwart.laurent@wanadoo.fr [Centre Hospitalo-Universitaire de Nice, Department of Radiology (France)

2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

420

AAPM Task Group 108: PET and PET/CT Shielding Requirements  

SciTech Connect

The shielding of positron emission tomography (PET) and PET/CT (computed tomography) facilities presents special challenges. The 0.511 MeV annihilation photons associated with positron decay are much higher energy than other diagnostic radiations. As a result, barrier shielding may be required in floors and ceilings as well as adjacent walls. Since the patient becomes the radioactive source after the radiopharmaceutical has been administered, one has to consider the entire time that the subject remains in the clinic. In this report we present methods for estimating the shielding requirements for PET and PET/CT facilities. Information about the physical properties of the most commonly used clinical PET radionuclides is summarized, although the report primarily refers to fluorine-18. Typical PET imaging protocols are reviewed and exposure rates from patients are estimated including self-attenuation by body tissues and physical decay of the radionuclide. Examples of barrier calculations are presented for controlled and noncontrolled areas. Shielding for adjacent rooms with scintillation cameras is also discussed. Tables and graphs of estimated transmission factors for lead, steel, and concrete at 0.511 MeV are also included. Meeting the regulatory limits for uncontrolled areas can be an expensive proposition. Careful planning with the equipment vendor, facility architect, and a qualified medical physicist is necessary to produce a cost effective design while maintaining radiation safety standards.

Madsen, Mark T.; Anderson, Jon A.; Halama, James R. [Radiology, University of Iowa (United States)] (and others)

2006-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ri ct ca" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Detective quantum efficiency of CT reconstruction: the detection of small objects  

SciTech Connect

The loss of detection sensitivity incurred by any stage of image processing may normally be characterized by the frequency dependence of the detective quantum efficiency (DQE) of that stage of processing, provided the image is represented in continuous coordinates. However, limitations to the DQE concept arise when discretely sampled projection data are used to obtain discretely sampled computed tomographic (CT) reconstructions. The source of these limitations is the aliasing produced by the discrete sampling which mixes contributions from various frequencies. An associated problem is that the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) for the detection of an object can depend upon the position of the object relative to the discrete reconstruction pixels. The effective SNR for discrete images must take into account this variation. While there may be no loss in the detection SNR for reconstructions in continuous coordinates (DQE = 100%), a reduction in the SNR will result from aliasing for discrete reconstructions. A simple one-dimensional model elucidates the characteristics of discrete CT reconstruction.

Hanson, K.M.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

High-Resolution Structure of the Photosynthetic Mn4Ca Catalyst from X-ray Spectroscopy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The application of high-resolution X-ray spectroscopy methods to study the photosynthetic water oxidizing complex, which contains a unique hetero-nuclear catalytic Mn4Ca cluster, are described. Issues of X-ray damage especially at the metal sites in the Mn4Ca cluster are discussed. The structure of the Mn4Ca catalyst at high-resolution which has so far eluded attempts of determination by X-ray diffraction, EXAFS and other spectroscopic techniques has been addressed using polarized EXAFS techniques applied to oriented PS II membrane preparations and PS II single crystals. A review of how the resolution of traditional EXAFS techniques can be improved, using methods such as range-extended EXAFS is presented, and the changes that occur in the structure of the cluster as it advances through the catalytic cycle are described. X-ray absorption and emission techniques (XANES and K? emission) have been used earlier to determine the oxidation states of the Mn4Ca cluster, and in this report we review the use of X-ray resonant Raman spectroscopy to understand the electronic structure of the Mn4Ca cluster as it cycles through the intermediate S-states.

Yachandra, Vittal; Yano, Junko; Kern, Jan; Pushkar, Yulia; Sauer, Kenneth; Glatzel, Pieter; Bergmann, Uwe; Messinger, Johannes; Zouni, Athina; Yachandra, Vittal K.

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Academic Staff -Mechanical & Industrial Engineering (20 June 2013) ALEMAN, Dionne M. Assistant Professor (416) 978 6780 MC 319 aleman@mie.utoronto.ca  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

@mie.utoronto.ca CLEGHORN, William L. Professor (416) 978 3043 MB62 cleghrn@mie.utoronto.ca CONSENS, Mariano P. Associate@mie.utoronto.ca SHU, Lily H. Associate Professor (416) 946 3028 MC420 shu@mie.utoronto.ca SIMMONS, Craig A. Associate

Sun, Yu

424

Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program CA-City-San Buenaventura (Ventura)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CA-City-San Buenaventura (Ventura) CA-City-San Buenaventura (Ventura) Location: City San Buenaventura CA (Ventura) American Recovery and Reinvestment Act: Proposed Action or Project Description 1) Public private partnership joint effort to meet clean air mandates (greenhouse gas reduction modeling and cost effective strategy development), 2) direct install program for non-profit organizations, 3) provide training to local workforce on energy efficiency building retrofits, 4) retrofit high pressure sodium street lights with energy efficiency light fixtures, and 5) install 300 kWh DC solar electric system and AC/DC inverters and battery power packs at historic City Hall (install as parking lot canopy or on top of concrete roof water reservoir) Conditions: None Categorical Exclusion(s) Applied: A9, A11, B2.5, B5.1

425

GRR/Section 14-CA-c - Underground Injection Control Permit | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

14-CA-c - Underground Injection Control Permit 14-CA-c - Underground Injection Control Permit < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 14-CA-c - Underground Injection Control Permit 14CACUndergroundInjectionControl.pdf Click to View Fullscreen Contact Agencies California Department of Conservation, Division of Oil, Gas, and Geothermal Resources Regulations & Policies Division 3, Chapter 4 of the California Public Resources Code Title 14, Division 2, Chapter 4 of the California Code of Regulations Title 40, Code of Federal Regulations, Part 144 Title 40, Code of Federal Regulations, Part 146 Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content 14CACUndergroundInjectionControl.pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range.

426

GRR/Elements/14-CA-c.3 - Application For Proposed Underground Injection  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CA-c.3 - Application For Proposed Underground Injection CA-c.3 - Application For Proposed Underground Injection Project < GRR‎ | Elements Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections 14-CA-c.3 - Application For Proposed Underground Injection Project Under the Memorandum of Agreement Between State Water Resources Control Board and DOGGR geothermal operators must file an application for underground geothermal wastewater injection with the appropriate DOGGR district office. The application must include: A chemical analysis to characterize the proposed injection fluid; A chemical analysis from the proposed zone of injection considering the characteristics of the zone; and The depth, location, and injection formation of the proposed well. Logic Chain

427

GRR/Section 9-CA-a - State Environmental Process | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

9-CA-a - State Environmental Process 9-CA-a - State Environmental Process < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 9-CA-a - State Environmental Process 09CAAStateEnvironmentalProcessUse.pdf Click to View Fullscreen Contact Agencies California Environmental Protection Agency California Natural Resources Agency Regulations & Policies California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA) Statute PRC 21000-21177 and Guidelines CCR Title 14, Div 6, Chap 3, 15000-15387 Statutory Exemptions Categorical Exemptions Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content 09CAAStateEnvironmentalProcessUse.pdf 09CAAStateEnvironmentalProcessUse.pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range.

428

GRR/Elements/14-CA-c.12 - Does the DOGGR Approve the Underground Injection  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

- Does the DOGGR Approve the Underground Injection - Does the DOGGR Approve the Underground Injection Project < GRR‎ | Elements Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections 14-CA-c.12 - Does the DOGGR Approve the Underground Injection Project After the end of the comment period and after reviewing any proposed revisions furnished by the Regional Board, the State Board decides whether to approve the Underground Injection Project. Logic Chain No Parents \V/ GRR/Elements/14-CA-c.12 - Does the DOGGR Approve the Underground Injection Project (this page) \V/ No Dependents Under Development Add.png Add an Element Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=GRR/Elements/14-CA-c.12_-_Does_the_DOGGR_Approve_the_Underground_Injection_Project&oldid=539630

429

DOI-BLM-CA-ES-2013-002+1793-EIS | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

DOI-BLM-CA-ES-2013-002+1793-EIS DOI-BLM-CA-ES-2013-002+1793-EIS Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home NEPA Document Collection for: DOI-BLM-CA-ES-2013-002+1793-EIS EIS at Long Valley Caldera Geothermal Area for Geothermal/Power Plant Casa Diablo IV Geothermal Development Project General NEPA Document Info Energy Sector Geothermal energy Environmental Analysis Type EIS Applicant ORNI 50 LLC Consultant Environmental Science Associates Geothermal Area Long Valley Caldera Geothermal Area Project Location California Project Phase Geothermal/Power Plant Techniques Time Frame (days) Application Time 1272 NEPA Process Time 269 Participating Agencies Lead Agency BLM Funding Agency none provided Managing District Office BLM Central California District Office Managing Field Office BLM Bishop Field Office

430

Structure of the Kinase Domain of CaMKII and Modeling the Holoenzyme  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Structure of the Kinase Domain of CaMKII and Modeling the Holoenzyme Print Structure of the Kinase Domain of CaMKII and Modeling the Holoenzyme Print The rate and intensity of calcium (Ca2+) currents that oscillate through the plasma membrane around a cell affect such diverse phenomena as fertilization, the cardiac rhythm, and even the formation of memories. How does the cell sense these digital oscillations and transduce them into a cellular signal, such as changes in phosphorylation (addition of a phosphate group to a protein) or gene transcription? A group from the University of California, Berkeley, the Yale University School of Medicine, and Berkeley Lab has combined protein crystallography and small-angle x-ray scattering to give a first glimpse into what this conversion may look like as well as the structural consequences of the conversion.

431

GRR/Elements/14-CA-c.6 - Comment on Application (Optional) | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Comment on Application (Optional) Comment on Application (Optional) < GRR‎ | Elements Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections 14-CA-c.6 - Comment on Application (Optional) The DOGGR Regional Board receives the option to comment on the application prior to the issuance of a Draft Project Approval Letter for review. The DOGGR Regional Board shall furnish any comments to the DOGGR State Board within 14 days of the applicant submitting the application. Logic Chain No Parents \V/ GRR/Elements/14-CA-c.6 - Comment on Application (Optional) (this page) \V/ No Dependents Under Development Add.png Add an Element Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=GRR/Elements/14-CA-c.6_-_Comment_on_Application_(Optional)&oldid=539608

432

GRR/Section 5-CA-a - Drilling and Well Development | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

5-CA-a - Drilling and Well Development 5-CA-a - Drilling and Well Development < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 5-CA-a - Drilling and Well Development 05CAADrillingApplicationProcess (1).pdf Click to View Fullscreen Contact Agencies California Department of Conservation, Division of Oil, Gas, and Geothermal Resources Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content 05CAADrillingApplicationProcess (1).pdf 05CAADrillingApplicationProcess (1).pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Flowchart Narrative The California Department of Conservation, Division of Oil and Gas (DOGGR) administers geothermal well drilling activities (permitting, drilling,

433

Clean Air Cool Planet (CA-CP) Small Town Carbon Calculator | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Clean Air Cool Planet (CA-CP) Small Town Carbon Calculator Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Clean Air Cool Planet (CA-CP) Small Town Carbon Calculator Focus Area: Crosscutting Topics: Opportunity Assessment & Screening Website: www.cleanair-coolplanet.org/for_communities/stocc.php Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/clean-air-cool-planet-ca-cp-small-tow Language: English Policies: Deployment Programs DeploymentPrograms: Training & Education The Small Town Carbon Calculator (STOCC) was developed to help small towns address the growing costs of municipal energy use and emissions. It is a tool to inventory greenhouse gas emissions as well as energy use and to

434

More Than 350 Now at Work Building CA Valley Solar Plant | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

More Than 350 Now at Work Building CA Valley Solar Plant More Than 350 Now at Work Building CA Valley Solar Plant More Than 350 Now at Work Building CA Valley Solar Plant February 27, 2012 - 12:13pm Addthis The California Valley Solar Ranch facility is creating clean energy jobs in San Luis Obispo County, California. Sonia Taylor Loan Programs Office What are the key facts? About 350 skilled workers are busy constructing the 250-megawatt California Valley Solar Ranch. The facility is expected to avoid over 425,000 metric tons of carbon dioxide annually. Once operational, the new solar facility is expected to provide enough clean electricity to power 64,000 homes. Last fall, the Energy Department finalized a $1.2 billion loan guarantee in support of the California Valley Solar Ranch (CVSR) -- a new solar facility in San Luis Obispo County, California.

435

GRR/Section 8-CA-d - CAISO Queue Cluster Process | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GRR/Section 8-CA-d - CAISO Queue Cluster Process GRR/Section 8-CA-d - CAISO Queue Cluster Process < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 8-CA-d - CAISO Queue Cluster Process 08CADCAISOQueueClusterProcess.pdf Click to View Fullscreen Contact Agencies California Independent System Operator Regulations & Policies List of FERC CAISO Orders FERC Order 1000 - Transmission Planning and Cost Allocation Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content 08CADCAISOQueueClusterProcess.pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Flowchart Narrative See the proposed transmission planning and generator interconnection

436

GRR/Section 19-CA-a - Water Access and Water Rights Issues | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GRR/Section 19-CA-a - Water Access and Water Rights Issues GRR/Section 19-CA-a - Water Access and Water Rights Issues < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 19-CA-a - Water Access and Water Rights Issues 19CAAWaterAccessWaterRightsIssues.pdf Click to View Fullscreen Contact Agencies California State Water Resources Control Board California Division of Water Rights Regulations & Policies California Water Code Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content 19CAAWaterAccessWaterRightsIssues.pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Flowchart Narrative California's water acquisition process is governed by state law and common

437

GRR/Elements/18-CA-c.1 - What Level of Hazardous Waste Facility Permit Does  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GRR/Elements/18-CA-c.1 - What Level of Hazardous Waste Facility Permit Does GRR/Elements/18-CA-c.1 - What Level of Hazardous Waste Facility Permit Does the Facility Require < GRR‎ | Elements Jump to: navigation, search Edit 18-CA-b.1 - What Level of Hazardous Waste Facility Permit Does the Facility Require California employs a five-tier permitting program which imposes regulatory requirements matching the degree of risk posed by the level of hazardous waste: * The Full Permit Tier includes all facilities requiring a RCRA permit as well as selected non-RCRA activities under Title 22 California Code of Regulations. * The Standardized Permit Tier includes facilities that manage waste not regulated by RCRA, but regulated as hazardous waste in California. * Onsite Treatment Permits (3-Tiered) includes onsite treatment of non-RCRA waste regulated in California.

438

GRR/Section 7-CA-b - State Plant Commissioning Process, Small Power Plant  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

7-CA-b - State Plant Commissioning Process, Small Power Plant 7-CA-b - State Plant Commissioning Process, Small Power Plant Exception < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 7-CA-b - State Plant Commissioning Process, Small Power Plant Exception 07CABPlantCommissioningProcessSmallPowerPlantExemption.pdf Click to View Fullscreen Contact Agencies California Energy Commission Regulations & Policies California Code of Regulations, Title 20 - Public Utilities and Energy Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content 07CABPlantCommissioningProcessSmallPowerPlantExemption.pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range.

439

GRR/Section 15-CA-a - Air Permit - Authority to Construct | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GRR/Section 15-CA-a - Air Permit - Authority to Construct GRR/Section 15-CA-a - Air Permit - Authority to Construct < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 15-CA-a - Air Permit - Authority to Construct 15CAAAirPermitAuthorityToConstruct (1).pdf Click to View Fullscreen Contact Agencies California Air Resources Board Regulations & Policies Clean Air Act (42 USC 1857 et seq.) California Air Pollution Control Laws Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content 15CAAAirPermitAuthorityToConstruct (1).pdf 15CAAAirPermitAuthorityToConstruct (1).pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Flowchart Narrative A developer seeking to construct, modify, or operate a facility or

440

GRR/Section 7-CA-c - California Energy Facility CPUC Process | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GRR/Section 7-CA-c - California Energy Facility CPUC Process GRR/Section 7-CA-c - California Energy Facility CPUC Process < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 7-CA-c - California Energy Facility CPUC Process 07CACCaliforniaEnergyFacilityCPUCProcess.pdf Click to View Fullscreen Contact Agencies California Public Utilities Commission Regulations & Policies Warren-Alquist Energy Resources Conservation and Development Act General Order 131-D California Environmental Quality Act Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content 07CACCaliforniaEnergyFacilityCPUCProcess.pdf 07CACCaliforniaEnergyFacilityCPUCProcess.pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ri ct ca" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

GRR/Section 12-CA-a - California Fish & Game Process | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GRR/Section 12-CA-a - California Fish & Game Process GRR/Section 12-CA-a - California Fish & Game Process < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 12-CA-a - California Fish & Game Process 12CAAStateFloraFaunaConsiderations.pdf Click to View Fullscreen Contact Agencies California Department of Fish & Game Fish and Wildlife Service Regulations & Policies California Endangered Species Act Native Plant Protection California Marine Life Protection Act Natural Community Conservation Planning Act California Lake and Streambed Alteration Program California Environmental Quality Act California Desert Native Plants Act List of Endangered Animals 14 CCR 670.5 List of Endangered Plants 14 CCR 670.2 California Takings Provisions

442

GRR/Section 3-CA-a - State Geothermal Resource Leasing | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

3-CA-a - State Geothermal Resource Leasing 3-CA-a - State Geothermal Resource Leasing < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 3-CA-a - State Geothermal Resource Leasing 03CAAStateLandLeasingProcessAndLandAccessROWs.pdf Click to View Fullscreen Contact Agencies California State Lands Commission California Division of Oil, Gas, and Geothermal Resources Regulations & Policies Geothermal Resources Act - Cal. Pub. Res. Code. § 6901-6925.2 CCR Title 2, 1900-2980.9 Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content 03CAAStateLandLeasingProcessAndLandAccessROWs.pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range.

443

DOI-BLM-CA-ES-2007-017-3200 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CA-ES-2007-017-3200 CA-ES-2007-017-3200 Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home NEPA Document Collection for: DOI-BLM-CA-ES-2007-017-3200 EIS at Truckhaven Geothermal Area for Geothermal/Leasing, Final Environmental Impact Statement for the Truckhaven Geothermal Leasing Area General NEPA Document Info Energy Sector Geothermal energy Environmental Analysis Type EIS Applicant Consultant ASM Affliates; Epsilon Systems Solutions; GeothermEx; Burro Canyon Enterprises Geothermal Area Truckhaven Geothermal Area Project Location California Project Phase Geothermal/Leasing Techniques Comments This is an EIS analyzing the effects of geothermal leasing in the Truckhaven Geothermal Leasing Area Time Frame (days) Participating Agencies Lead Agency BLM Funding Agency none provided

444

GRR/Elements/14-CA-c.11 - Updated Draft Project Approval Letter | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

1 - Updated Draft Project Approval Letter 1 - Updated Draft Project Approval Letter < GRR‎ | Elements Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections 14-CA-c.11 - Updated Draft Project Approval Letter The DOGGR State Board prepares an Updated Draft Project Approval Letter, reflecting the the public comments and Regional Board' proposed revisions. Logic Chain No Parents \V/ GRR/Elements/14-CA-c.11 - Updated Draft Project Approval Letter (this page) \V/ No Dependents Under Development Add.png Add an Element Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=GRR/Elements/14-CA-c.11_-_Updated_Draft_Project_Approval_Letter&oldid=539626" Categories: Geothermal Regulatory Roadmap Elements Under Development What links here Related changes

445

EA-1957: Cabin Creek Biomass Facility, Place County, CA | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7: Cabin Creek Biomass Facility, Place County, CA 7: Cabin Creek Biomass Facility, Place County, CA EA-1957: Cabin Creek Biomass Facility, Place County, CA SUMMARY DOE is proposing to provide funding to Placer County, California to construct and operate a two-megawatt wood-to-energy biomass facility at the Eastern Regional Materials Recovery Facility (MRF) and Landfill in unincorporated Placer County. The wood-to-energy biomass facility would use a gasification technology. The fuel supply for the proposed project would be solely woody biomass, derived from a variety of sources including hazardous fuels residuals, forest thinning and harvest residuals, and Wildland Urban Interface sourced waste materials from residential and commercial property defensible space clearing and property management activities

446

GRR/Section 4-CA-a - State Exploration Process | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GRR/Section 4-CA-a - State Exploration Process GRR/Section 4-CA-a - State Exploration Process < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 4-CA-a - State Exploration Process 04CAAExploration.pdf Click to View Fullscreen Contact Agencies California Department of Conservation, Division of Oil, Gas, and Geothermal Resources Regulations & Policies California Division of Oil, Gas, and Geothermal Resources (DOGGR) laws are found in Chapter 4 of Divison 3 of the California Public Resources Code. California Division of Oil, Gas, and Geothermal Resources regulations are found in the California Code of Regulations Title 14, Division 2, Chapter 4 California Laws for Conservation of Geothermal Resources Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content

447

GRR/Elements/14-CA-b.3 - Is the application complete for the Regional Water  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Is the application complete for the Regional Water Is the application complete for the Regional Water Quality Control Board < GRR‎ | Elements Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections 14-CA-b.3 - Is the application complete for the Regional Water Quality Control Board If the application is incomplete, RWQCB will notify the applicant of deficiencies. Once the application is complete, it is forwarded to EPA to consider. Logic Chain No Parents \V/ GRR/Elements/14-CA-b.3 - Is the application complete for the Regional Water Quality Control Board (this page) \V/ No Dependents Under Development Add.png Add an Element Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=GRR/Elements/14-CA-b.3_-_Is_the_application_complete_for_the_Regional_Water_Quality_Control_Board&oldid=482577

448

GRR/Elements/14-CA-b.2 - Review of application for completeness | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

application for completeness application for completeness < GRR‎ | Elements Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections 14-CA-b.2 - Review of application for completeness RWQCB reviews the initial application to ensure that all the required information is included and all the appropriate forms have been submitted. RWQCB will notify the applicant within 30 days of any required additional submissions. Estimated Time Clock.png 30 days0.0821 years 720 hours 4.286 weeks 0.986 months No explanation of time estimate. Logic Chain No Parents \V/ GRR/Elements/14-CA-b.2 - Review of application for completeness (this page) \V/ No Dependents Under Development Add.png Add an Element Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=GRR/Elements/14-CA-b.2_-_Review_of_application_for_completeness&oldid=482574

449

GRR/Section 18-CA-b - RCRA Process (Hazardous Waste Facility Permit) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

18-CA-b - RCRA Process (Hazardous Waste Facility Permit) 18-CA-b - RCRA Process (Hazardous Waste Facility Permit) < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 18-CA-b - RCRA Process (Hazardous Waste Facility Permit) 18CABRCRAProcess (2).pdf Click to View Fullscreen Contact Agencies California Environmental Protection Agency Department of Toxic Substances Control Regulations & Policies Resource Conservation and Recovery Act 40 CRF 261 Title 22, California Code of Regulations, Division 4.5 Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content 18CABRCRAProcess (2).pdf 18CABRCRAProcess (2).pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Flowchart Narrative

450

GRR/Section 14-CA-b - NPDES Permit | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

4-CA-b - NPDES Permit 4-CA-b - NPDES Permit < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 14-CA-b - NPDES Permit 14CABNPDESPERMIT.pdf Click to View Fullscreen Contact Agencies California State Water Resources Control Board Environmental Protection Agency Regulations & Policies Clean Water Act Porter-Cologne Water Quality Control Act Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content 14CABNPDESPERMIT.pdf 14CABNPDESPERMIT.pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Flowchart Narrative A National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permit is required for point source discharges to surface water. The permits are

451

GRR/Section 6-CA-b - Construction Storm Water Program | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

6-CA-b - Construction Storm Water Program 6-CA-b - Construction Storm Water Program < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 6-CA-b - Construction Storm Water Program 06CABConstructionStormWaterProgram.pdf Click to View Fullscreen Contact Agencies California State Water Resources Control Board Regulations & Policies 40 CFR 122.2: Definitions Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content 06CABConstructionStormWaterProgram.pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Flowchart Narrative Construction activities requiring a Construction Storm Water General Permit must submit a Storm Water Pollution Prevention Plan and a Construction

452

GRR/Section 14-CA-d - Section 401 Water Quality Certification | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GRR/Section 14-CA-d - Section 401 Water Quality Certification GRR/Section 14-CA-d - Section 401 Water Quality Certification < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 14-CA-d - Section 401 Water Quality Certification 14CADSection401WaterQualityCertification (1).pdf Click to View Fullscreen Contact Agencies California State Water Resources Control Board Regulations & Policies Section 401 Clean Water Act (33 U.S.C. 1251 et seq.) Porter-Cologne Water Quality Control Act Code of Regulations Title 23, Section 3855 et. seq. Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content 14CADSection401WaterQualityCertification (1).pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range.

453

GRR/Section 15-CA-b - Air Permit - Operating Permit | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

15-CA-b - Air Permit - Operating Permit 15-CA-b - Air Permit - Operating Permit < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 15-CA-b - Air Permit - Operating Permit 15CABAirPermitOperatingPermit.pdf Click to View Fullscreen Contact Agencies California Air Resources Board Regulations & Policies Clean Air Act (42 USC 1857 et seq.) California Air Pollution Control Laws Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content 15CABAirPermitOperatingPermit.pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Flowchart Narrative A developer operating a facility that emits air pollutants must obtain an

454

GRR/Elements/14-CA-b.1 - NPDES Permit Application | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GRR/Elements/14-CA-b.1 - NPDES Permit Application GRR/Elements/14-CA-b.1 - NPDES Permit Application < GRR‎ | Elements Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections 14-CA-b.1 - NPDES Permit Application The National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System permit is filed using a Form 200 for discharges of any pollutant from a point source into a body of water. The application is submitted to the applicable RWQCB. Because there is a federal component of the NPDES process one or more additional forms may be required: Form 1 General information completed in conjunction with Forms 2B, 2C, 2D, 2E, 2F, Standard Form 2A Form 2A Publicly-Owned Treatment Works Form 2B Concentrated animal feeding operations and aquatic animal production facilities. New applications or renewals

455

GRR/Section 14-CA-e - Waste Discharge Requirements | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GRR/Section 14-CA-e - Waste Discharge Requirements GRR/Section 14-CA-e - Waste Discharge Requirements < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 14-CA-e - Waste Discharge Requirements 14CAEWasteDischargeRequirements.pdf Click to View Fullscreen Contact Agencies California Environmental Protection Agency Water Resources Control Board Regulations & Policies Title 27 CCR, Division 2 - Environmental Protection - Solid Waste SWRCB Exemptions Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content 14CAEWasteDischargeRequirements.pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Flowchart Narrative The State Water Resources Control Board (SWRCB) may require Waste discharge

456

GRR/Section 7-CA-a - State Plant Commissioning Process, Application for  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GRR/Section 7-CA-a - State Plant Commissioning Process, Application for GRR/Section 7-CA-a - State Plant Commissioning Process, Application for Certification < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 7-CA-a - State Plant Commissioning Process, Application for Certification 07CAAPlantCommissioningProcessApplicationForCertification.pdf Click to View Fullscreen Contact Agencies California Energy Commission Regulations & Policies Warren-Alquist Act California Code of Regulations, Title 20 - Public Utilities and Energy Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content 07CAAPlantCommissioningProcessApplicationForCertification.pdf 07CAAPlantCommissioningProcessApplicationForCertification.pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range.

457

GRR/Elements/14-CA-b.4 - EPA review for completeness | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

- EPA review for completeness - EPA review for completeness < GRR‎ | Elements Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections 14-CA-b.4 - EPA review for completeness Upon receipt, EPA reviews the application materials to ensure all federal requirements have been met. If the application is incomplete, EPA will either notify the applicant directly or notify RWQCB of the deficiencies in the application. Estimated Time Clock.png 30 days0.0821 years 720 hours 4.286 weeks 0.986 months No explanation of time estimate. Logic Chain No Parents \V/ GRR/Elements/14-CA-b.4 - EPA review for completeness (this page) \V/ No Dependents Under Development Add.png Add an Element Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=GRR/Elements/14-CA-b.4_-_EPA_review_for_completeness&oldid=482580

458

Structural, spectral-luminescent, and lasing properties of nanostructured Tm : CaF{sub 2} ceramics  

SciTech Connect

The structure and the spectral-luminescent properties of CaF{sub 2} - TmF{sub 3} fluoride ceramics and single crystals are studied. AFM investigations revealed a layered nanostructure of grains, which was not observed in reference samples of single crystals. It is found that the spectral-luminescent properties of CaF{sub 2} - TmF{sub 3} ceramics and single crystals are similar. Lasing at the {sup 3}F{sub 4} {yields} {sup 3}H{sub 6} transition of Tm{sup 3+} ions in CaF{sub 2} - TmF{sub 3} ceramics (wavelength 1898 nm) under diode pimping is obtained for the first time. (laser applications and other topics in quantum electronics)

Ryabochkina, P A; Lyapin, A A; Osiko, Vyacheslav V; Fedorov, Pavel P; Ushakov, S N; Kruglova, M V; Sakharov, N V; Garibin, E A; Gusev, P E; Krutov, M A

2012-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

459

IUPAC-NIST Solubility Data Series. 95. Alkaline Earth Carbonates in Aqueous Systems. Part 2. Ca  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The alkaline earth carbonates are an important class of minerals. This article is part of a volume in the IUPAC-NIST Solubility Data Series that compiles and critically evaluates solubility data of the alkaline earth carbonates in water and in simple aqueous electrolyte solutions. Part 1 outlined the procedure adopted in this volume, and presented the beryllium and magnesium carbonates. Part 2, the current paper, compiles and critically evaluates the solubility data of calcium carbonate. The chemical forms included are the anhydrous CaCO{sub 3} types calcite, aragonite, and vaterite, the monohydrate monohydrocalcite (CaCO{sub 3}{center_dot} H{sub 2}O), the hexahydrate ikaite (CaCO{sub 3}{center_dot}6H{sub 2}O), and an amorphous form. The data were analyzed with two model variants, and thermodynamic data of each form consistent with each of the models and with the CODATA key values for thermodynamics are presented.

De Visscher, Alex; Vanderdeelen, Jan [Department of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering, and Centre for Environmental Engineering Research and Education (CEERE), Schulich School of Engineering, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, T2N 1N4 (Canada); Department of Applied Analytical and Physical Chemistry, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Ghent University, B-9000 Ghent (Belgium)

2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

460

Pressure-induced Structrual Transitino in CaF2 Nanocrystals  

SciTech Connect

The structural transition of CaF{sub 2} nanocrystals was studied by in situ high pressure synchrotron radiation X-ray diffraction measurements up to about 46.5?GPa at ambient temperature. A pressure-induced fluorite structure (Fm3m) to orthorhombic PbCl{sub 2}-type structure (Pnma) transition starts at 14.0?GPa, and phase transition is sluggish. The orthorhombic phase of nanocrystalline CaF{sub 2} is stable up to 46.5?GPa. The enhancement of transition pressure in CaF{sub 2} nanocrystals as compared with the corresponding bulk material is mainly caused by the surface energy difference between the phases involved.

J Wang; J Hao; Q Wang; Y Jin; F Li; B Liu; Q Li; B Liu; Q Cui

2011-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "ri ct ca" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

GRR/Section 7-CA-d - CPCN for Small Power Plant Exemption | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GRR/Section 7-CA-d - CPCN for Small Power Plant Exemption GRR/Section 7-CA-d - CPCN for Small Power Plant Exemption < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 7-CA-d - CPCN for Small Power Plant Exemption 07CADCPCNForSmallPowerPlantExemption.pdf Click to View Fullscreen Contact Agencies California Public Utilities Commission Regulations & Policies General Order 131-D California Environmental Quality Act Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content 07CADCPCNForSmallPowerPlantExemption.pdf 07CADCPCNForSmallPowerPlantExemption.pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Flowchart Narrative A public utility seeking to construct a new generation facility in excess

462

GRR/Elements/14-CA-b.6 - Does RWQCB decide to allow discharge | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

RWQCB decide to allow discharge RWQCB decide to allow discharge < GRR‎ | Elements Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections 14-CA-b.6 - Does RWQCB decide to allow discharge Once the RWQCB and EPA deem the application complete, the RWQCB makes an initial determination whether the application is appropriate for consideration or if it should be denied outright. If the discharge is denied outright, the process ends. If RWQCB decides to consider the application, the public process is triggered. Logic Chain No Parents \V/ GRR/Elements/14-CA-b.6 - Does RWQCB decide to allow discharge (this page) \V/ No Dependents Under Development Add.png Add an Element Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=GRR/Elements/14-CA-b.6_-_Does_RWQCB_decide_to_allow_discharge&oldid=482583

463

GRR/Section 3-CA-c - Encroachment Permit | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CA-c - Encroachment Permit CA-c - Encroachment Permit < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 3-CA-c - Encroachment Permit 03CACEncroachmentPermit.pdf Click to View Fullscreen Contact Agencies California Department of Transportation Regulations & Policies California Streets and Highways Code California Streets and Highways Code 660(b) California Streets and Highways Code 670(a)(2) and 671.5(a) California Encroachment Permits Manual California Encroachment Permits Manual Chapter 2 Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content 03CACEncroachmentPermit.pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range.

464

Hyperfine structure of the X /sup 2/. sigma. /sup +/ ground state of Ca /sup 35/Cl and Ca /sup 37/Cl by molecular-beam, laser-rf double resonance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The hyperfine structure of the X /sup 2/..sigma../sup +/ state of Ca /sup 35/Cl and Ca /sup 37/Cl, unresolved in previous studies, has been investigated in detail by the molecular-beam, laser-rf, double-resonance technique. Results for the spin-rotation interaction and the dipole and quadrupole hfs constants are given in the form of Dunham coefficients so that the N'' and v'' dependence of each constant can be explicitly exhibited. The results, after dividing out the purely nuclear effects, fall between the corresponding values for CaF and CaBr, as expected.

Childs, W.J.; Cok, D.R.; Goodman, L.S.

1982-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

465

Predicting the fidelity of JPEG2000 compressed CT images using DICOM header information  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: To propose multiple logistic regression (MLR) and artificial neural network (ANN) models constructed using digital imaging and communications in medicine (DICOM) header information in predicting the fidelity of Joint Photographic Experts Group (JPEG) 2000 compressed abdomen computed tomography (CT) images. Methods: Our institutional review board approved this study and waived informed patient consent. Using a JPEG2000 algorithm, 360 abdomen CT images were compressed reversibly (n = 48, as negative control) or irreversibly (n = 312) to one of different compression ratios (CRs) ranging from 4:1 to 10:1. Five radiologists independently determined whether the original and compressed images were distinguishable or indistinguishable. The 312 irreversibly compressed images were divided randomly into training (n = 156) and testing (n = 156) sets. The MLR and ANN models were constructed regarding the DICOM header information as independent variables and the pooled radiologists' responses as dependent variable. As independent variables, we selected the CR (DICOM tag number: 0028, 2112), effective tube current-time product (0018, 9332), section thickness (0018, 0050), and field of view (0018, 0090) among the DICOM tags. Using the training set, an optimal subset of independent variables was determined by backward stepwise selection in a four-fold cross-validation scheme. The MLR and ANN models were constructed with the determined independent variables using the training set. The models were then evaluated on the testing set by using receiver-operating-characteristic (ROC) analysis regarding the radiologists' pooled responses as the reference standard and by measuring Spearman rank correlation between the model prediction and the number of radiologists who rated the two images as distinguishable. Results: The CR and section thickness were determined as the optimal independent variables. The areas under the ROC curve for the MLR and ANN predictions were 0.91 (95% CI; 0.86, 0.95) and 0.92 (0.87, 0.96), respectively. The correlation coefficients of the MLR and ANN predictions with the number of radiologists who responded as distinguishable were 0.76 (0.69, 0.82, p < 0.001) and 0.78 (0.71, 0.83, p < 0.001), respectively. Conclusions: The MLR and ANN models constructed using the DICOM header information offer promise in predicting the fidelity of JPEG2000 compressed abdomen CT images.

Kim, Kil Joong; Kim, Bohyoung; Lee, Hyunna; Choi, Hosik; Jeon, Jong-June; Ahn, Jeong-Hwan; Lee, Kyoung Ho [Department of Radiation Applied Life Science, Seoul National University College of Medicine, 28 Yongon-dong, Chongno-gu, Seoul, 110-744 (Korea, Republic of); School of Computer Science and Engineering, Seoul National University, 599 Kwanak-Ro, Kwanak-Gu, Seoul, 151-742 (Korea, Republic of); Department of Informational Statistics, Hoseo University, 165, Sechul-ri, Baebang-myeon, Asan-si, Chungcheongnam-do, 336-795 (Korea, Republic of); Department of Statistics, Seoul National University, 599 Kwanak-Ro, Kwanak-Gu, Seoul, 151-742 (Korea, Republic of); Korean Intellectual Property Office, Government Complex-Daejeon, 139 Seonsa-ro, Seo-gu, Daejeon, 302-701 (Korea, Republic of); Department of Radiology, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Institute of Radiation Medicine, and Seoul National University Medical Research Center, 300 Gumi-dong, Bundang-gu, Seongnam-si, Gyeonggi-do, 463-707 (Korea, Republic of)

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

466

Segmenting CT prostate images using population and patient-specific statistics for radiotherapy  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: In the segmentation of sequential treatment-time CT prostate images acquired in image-guided radiotherapy, accurately capturing the intrapatient variation of the patient under therapy is more important than capturing interpatient variation. However, using the traditional deformable-model-based segmentation methods, it is difficult to capture intrapatient variation when the number of samples from the same patient is limited. This article presents a new deformable model, designed specifically for segmenting sequential CT images of the prostate, which leverages both population and patient-specific statistics to accurately capture the intrapatient variation of the patient under therapy. Methods: The novelty of the proposed method is twofold: First, a weighted combination of gradient and probability distribution function (PDF) features is used to build the appearance model to guide model deformation. The strengths of each feature type are emphasized by dynamically adjusting the weight between the profile-based gradient features and the local-region-based PDF features during the optimization process. An additional novel aspect of the gradient-based features is that, to alleviate the effect of feature inconsistency in the regions of gas and bone adjacent to the prostate, the optimal profile length at each landmark is calculated by statistically investigating the intensity profile in the training set. The resulting gradient-PDF combined feature produces more accurate and robust segmentations than general gradient features. Second, an online learning mechanism is used to build shape and appearance statistics for accurately capturing intrapatient variation. Results: The performance of the proposed method was evaluated on 306 images of the 24 patients. Compared to traditional gradient features, the proposed gradient-PDF combination features brought 5.2% increment in the success ratio of segmentation (from 94.1% to 99.3%). To evaluate the effectiveness of online learning mechanism, the authors carried out a comparison between partial online update strategy and full online update strategy. Using the full online update strategy, the mean DSC was improved from 86.6% to 89.3% with 2.8% gain. On the basis of full online update strategy, the manual modification before online update strategy was introduced and tested, the best performance was obtained; here, the mean DSC and the mean ASD achieved 92.4% and 1.47 mm, respectively. Conclusions: The proposed prostate segmentation method provided accurate and robust segmentation results for CT images even under the situation where the samples of patient under radiotherapy were limited. A conclusion that the proposed method is suitable for clinical application can be drawn.

Feng, Qianjin; Foskey, Mark; Chen Wufan; Shen Dinggang [Biomedical Engineering College, South Medical University, Guangzhou (China) and Department of Radiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27510 (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 (United States); Biomedical Engineering College, South Medical University, Guangzhou 510510 (China); Department of Radiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27510 (United States)

2010-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

467

Improved MCFC performance with Li/Na/Ba/Ca carbonate electrolyte.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Earlier electrolyte segregation tests of Li/Na carbonate used chemical analysis such as inductively coupled plasma/atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP/AES) of matrix strips wetted with carbonate and exposed to 5- to 20-V potential gradients. A segregation factor was correlated to the Li/Na carbonate composition. While fairly substantial segregation occurs at the eutectic composition of 52% Li, it is minimal at 60% to 75% Li. Such lithium-rich Li/Na carbonates may not be practical because the melting points are too high (i.e., liquidus point is 625 C). By adding calcium and barium to the lithium/sodium carbonates, we were able to lower the melting point and maintain nonsegregating behavior. This work is directed at examining the long-term stability of the quaternary Li/Na/Ba/Ca electrolytes. Electrolyte optimization work evaluates Li/Na ratio and Ba/Ca level to improve cell performance at 320 mA/cm{sup 2} and reduce temperature sensitivity. A number of cells with quaternary Li/Na/Ba/Ca electrolytes ranging from 3 to 5% Ba/Ca have operated well with stable, long-term performance. Congruent melting carbonate is important for commercial development. The best so far is 3.5% Ba/Ca/Na/Li (3.5 mol%/3.5 mol% Ba/Ca) carbonate (m.p. 440 C). Performance at 160 mA/cm{sup 2} is increased up to 150mV as compared with the baseline cell containing the Li/Na eutectic composition. Life stability has been reproduced by a number of bench-scale MCFC test with operations of 2000-4300 h and the electrolyte composition across the matrix little changed.

Centeno, C.-J.; Kaun, T. D.; Krumpelt, M.; Schoeler, A.

1999-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

468

Al-Ca and Al-Fe metal-metal composite strength, conductivity, and microstructure relationships  

SciTech Connect

Deformation processed metal-metal composites (DMMC’s) are composites formed by mechanical working (i.e., rolling, swaging, or wire drawing) of two-phase, ductile metal mixtures. Since both the matrix and reinforcing phase are ductile metals, the composites can be heavily deformed to reduce the thickness and spacing of the two phases. Recent studies have shown that heavily drawn DMMCs can achieve anomalously high strength and outstanding combinations of strength and conductivity. In this study, Al-Fe wire composite with 0.07, 0.1, and 0.2 volume fractions of Fe filaments and Al-Ca wire composite with 0.03, 0.06, and 0.09 volume fractions of Ca filaments were produced in situ, and their mechanical properties were measured as a