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1

Organ doses for reference pediatric and adolescent patients undergoing computed tomography estimated by Monte Carlo simulation  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To establish an organ dose database for pediatric and adolescent reference individuals undergoing computed tomography (CT) examinations by using Monte Carlo simulation. The data will permit rapid estimates of organ and effective doses for patients of different age, gender, examination type, and CT scanner model. Methods: The Monte Carlo simulation model of a Siemens Sensation 16 CT scanner previously published was employed as a base CT scanner model. A set of absorbed doses for 33 organs/tissues normalized to the product of 100 mAs and CTDI{sub vol} (mGy/100 mAs mGy) was established by coupling the CT scanner model with age-dependent reference pediatric hybrid phantoms. A series of single axial scans from the top of head to the feet of the phantoms was performed at a slice thickness of 10 mm, and at tube potentials of 80, 100, and 120 kVp. Using the established CTDI{sub vol}- and 100 mAs-normalized dose matrix, organ doses for different pediatric phantoms undergoing head, chest, abdomen-pelvis, and chest-abdomen-pelvis (CAP) scans with the Siemens Sensation 16 scanner were estimated and analyzed. The results were then compared with the values obtained from three independent published methods: CT-Expo software, organ dose for abdominal CT scan derived empirically from patient abdominal circumference, and effective dose per dose-length product (DLP). Results: Organ and effective doses were calculated and normalized to 100 mAs and CTDI{sub vol} for different CT examinations. At the same technical setting, dose to the organs, which were entirely included in the CT beam coverage, were higher by from 40 to 80% for newborn phantoms compared to those of 15-year phantoms. An increase of tube potential from 80 to 120 kVp resulted in 2.5-2.9-fold greater brain dose for head scans. The results from this study were compared with three different published studies and/or techniques. First, organ doses were compared to those given by CT-Expo which revealed dose differences up to several-fold when organs were partially included in the scan coverage. Second, selected organ doses from our calculations agreed to within 20% of values derived from empirical formulae based upon measured patient abdominal circumference. Third, the existing DLP-to-effective dose conversion coefficients tended to be smaller than values given in the present study for all examinations except head scans. Conclusions: A comprehensive organ/effective dose database was established to readily calculate doses for given patients undergoing different CT examinations. The comparisons of our results with the existing studies highlight that use of hybrid phantoms with realistic anatomy is important to improve the accuracy of CT organ dosimetry. The comprehensive pediatric dose data developed here are the first organ-specific pediatric CT scan database based on the realistic pediatric hybrid phantoms which are compliant with the reference data from the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP). The organ dose database is being coupled with an adult organ dose database recently published as part of the development of a user-friendly computer program enabling rapid estimates of organ and effective dose doses for patients of any age, gender, examination types, and CT scanner model.

Lee, Choonsik; Kim, Kwang Pyo; Long, Daniel J.; Bolch, Wesley E. [Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institute of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20852 (United States); Department of Nuclear Engineering, Kyung Hee University, Gyeonggi-do, 446906 (Korea, Republic of); J. Crayton Pruitt Family Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611 (United States)

2012-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

2

Neutron activation analysis for reference determination of the implantation dose of cobalt ions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The authors prepared depth profilling reference materials by cobalt ion implantation at an ion energy of 300 keV into n-type silicon. The implanted Co dose was then determined by instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA) giving an analytical dynamic range of almost 5 decades and uncertainty of 1.5%. This form of analysis allows sources of error (beam spreading, misalignment) to be corrected. 70 refs., 3 tabs.

Garten, R.P.H. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Metallforschung, Dortmund (Germany); Bubert, H. [Institut fuer Spektrochemie und angewandte Spektrokopie, Dortmund (Germany); Palmetshofer, L. [Johannes-Kepler-Universitaet, Linz (Australia)

1992-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

3

References  

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Analysis Analysis Analysis - Home Analytical Dashboards Computerized Accident Incident Reporting and Recordkeeping System (CAIRS) Corporate Safety Analysis Trends Daily Occurrence Reports Electrical Safety Occurrences Final Occurrence Reports Access System Login Lessons Learned and Best Practices Occurrence Reporting and Processing System (ORPS) Operating Experience Committee Operating Experience Level 1, 2, and 3 Documents Operating Experience Summaries Radiation Exposure Monitoring Systems (REMS) Safety Bulletins Safety and Health Alerts Safety Basis Information System (SBIS) Suspect/Counterfeit Items and Defective Items (SCI/DI) References HSS Logo References DOE O 210.2A, DOE Corporate Operating Experience Program (Apr 08, 2011) DOE O 210.2 Crosswalk DOE O 231.1B, Environment, Safety and Health Reporting (Jun 27, 2011)

4

REFERENCES  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

205.1B 205.1B Approved 05-16-2011 Page 1 REFERENCES 1. INTRODUCTION 2. . Includes a list of sources cited in the directive and additional information sources to assist in implementing DOE Order 205.1B, Cyber Security Program. FEDERAL LAWS AND REGULATIONS a. Public Law (P.L.) 93-579, Privacy Act of 1974, as amended [Title 5 United States Code (U.S.C.) Section 552a]. . b. P.L. 104-106, Division E, Clinger Cohen Act (CCA) (formerly Information Technology Management Reform Act of 1996. c. P.L. 106-65, "National Defense Authorization Act [Section 3212(d)], enacted October 1999. d. P.L. 107-347, Title III, Federal Information Security Management Act of 2002 (FISMA), enacted December 2002. 3. OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET (OMB) CIRCULARS. Located at http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/circulars_default/.

5

Organ doses, effective doses, and risk indices in adult CT: Comparison of four types of reference phantoms across different examination protocols  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Radiation exposure from computed tomography (CT) to the public has increased the concern among radiation protection professionals. Being able to accurately assess the radiation dose patients receive during CT procedures is a crucial step in the management of CT dose. Currently, various computational anthropomorphic phantoms are used to assess radiation dose by different research groups. It is desirable to better understand how the dose results are affected by different choices of phantoms. In this study, the authors assessed the uncertainties in CT dose and risk estimation associated with different types of computational phantoms for a selected group of representative CT protocols. Methods: Routinely used CT examinations were categorized into ten body and three neurological examination categories. Organ doses, effective doses, risk indices, and conversion coefficients to effective dose and risk index (k and q factors, respectively) were estimated for these examinations for a clinical CT system (LightSpeed VCT, GE Healthcare). Four methods were used, each employing a different type of reference phantoms. The first and second methods employed a Monte Carlo program previously developed and validated in our laboratory. In the first method, the reference male and female extended cardiac-torso (XCAT) phantoms were used, which were initially created from the Visible Human data and later adjusted to match organ masses defined in ICRP publication 89. In the second method, the reference male and female phantoms described in ICRP publication 110 were used, which were initially developed from tomographic data of two patients and later modified to match ICRP 89 organ masses. The third method employed a commercial dosimetry spreadsheet (ImPACT group, London, England) with its own hermaphrodite stylized phantom. In the fourth method, another widely used dosimetry spreadsheet (CT-Expo, Medizinische Hochschule, Hannover, Germany) was employed together with its associated male and female stylized phantoms. Results: For fully irradiated organs, average coefficients of variation (COV) ranged from 0.07 to 0.22 across the four male phantoms and from 0.06 to 0.18 across the four female phantoms; for partially irradiated organs, average COV ranged from 0.13 to 0.30 across the four male phantoms and from 0.15 to 0.30 across the four female phantoms. Doses to the testes, breasts, and esophagus showed large variations between phantoms. COV for gender-averaged effective dose and k factor ranged from 0.03 to 0.23 and from 0.06 to 0.30, respectively. COV for male risk index and q factor ranged from 0.06 to 0.30 and from 0.05 to 0.36, respectively; COV for female risk index and q factor ranged from 0.06 to 0.49 and from 0.07 to 0.54, respectively. Conclusions: Despite closely matched organ mass, total body weight, and height, large differences in organ dose exist due to variation in organ location, spatial distribution, and dose approximation method. Dose differences for fully irradiated radiosensitive organs were much smaller than those for partially irradiated organs. Weighted dosimetry quantities including effective dose, male risk indices, k factors, and male q factors agreed well across phantoms. The female risk indices and q factors varied considerably across phantoms.

Zhang Yakun; Li Xiang; Paul Segars, W.; Samei, Ehsan [Medical Physics Graduate Program, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27705 and Carl E. Ravin Advanced Imaging Laboratories, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Carl E. Ravin Advanced Imaging Laboratories, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27705 and Department of Radiology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Medical Physics Graduate Program, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Carl E. Ravin Advanced Imaging Laboratories, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States) and Department of Radiology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Medical Physics Graduate Program, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Carl E. Ravin Advanced Imaging Laboratories, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Department of Radiology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States) and Departments of Physics, Biomedical Engineering, and Electrical and Computer Engineering, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States)

2012-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

6

Reference computations of public dose and cancer risk from airborne releases of plutonium. Nuclear safety technical report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report presents results of computations of doses and the associated health risks of postulated accidental atmospheric releases from the Rocky Flats Plant (RFP) of one gram of weapons-grade plutonium in a form that is respirable. These computations are intended to be reference computations that can be used to evaluate a variety of accident scenarios by scaling the dose and health risk results presented here according to the amount of plutonium postulated to be released, instead of repeating the computations for each scenario. The MACCS2 code has been used as the basis of these computations. The basis and capabilities of MACCS2 are summarized, the parameters used in the evaluations are discussed, and results are presented for the doses and health risks to the public, both the Maximum Offsite Individual (a maximally exposed individual at or beyond the plant boundaries) and the population within 50 miles of RFP. A number of different weather scenarios are evaluated, including constant weather conditions and observed weather for 1990, 1991, and 1992. The isotopic mix of weapons-grade plutonium will change as it ages, the {sup 241}Pu decaying into {sup 241}Am. The {sup 241}Am reaches a peak concentration after about 72 years. The doses to the bone surface, liver, and whole body will increase slightly but the dose to the lungs will decrease slightly. The overall cancer risk will show almost no change over this period. This change in cancer risk is much smaller than the year-to-year variations in cancer risk due to weather. Finally, x/Q values are also presented for other applications, such as for hazardous chemical releases. These include the x/Q values for the MOI, for a collocated worker at 100 meters downwind of an accident site, and the x/Q value integrated over the population out to 50 miles.

Peterson, V.L.

1993-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

7

Derived reference doses for three compounds used in the photovoltaics industry: Copper indium diselenide, copper gallium diselenide, and cadmium telluride  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Polycrystalline thin-film photovoltaic modules made from copper indium diselenide (CIS), copper gallium diselenide (CGS), and cadmium telluride (CdTe) arc nearing commercial development. A wide range of issues are being examined as these materials move from the laboratory to large-scale production facilities to ensure their commercial success. Issues of traditional interest include module efficiency, stability and cost. More recently, there is increased focus given to environmental, health and safety issues surrounding the commercialization of these same devices. An examination of the toxicological properties of these materials, and their chemical parents is fundamental to this discussion. Chemicals that can present large hazards to human health or the environment are regulated often more strictly than those that are less hazardous. Stricter control over how these materials are handled and disposed can increase the costs associated with the production and use of these modules dramatically. Similarly, public perception can be strongly influenced by the inherent biological hazard that these materials possess. Thus, this report: presents a brief background tutorial on how toxicological data are developed and used; overviews the toxicological data available for CIS, CGS and CdTe; develops ``reference doses`` for each of these compounds; compares the reference doses for these compounds with those of their parents; discusses the implications of these findings to photovoltaics industry.

Moskowitz, P.D.; Bernholc, N.; DePhillips, M.P.; Viren, J.

1995-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

8

Reference computations of public dose and cancer risk from airborne releases of uranium and Class W plutonium  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report presents ``reference`` computations that can be used by safety analysts in the evaluations of the consequences of postulated atmospheric releases of radionuclides from the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site. These computations deal specifically with doses and health risks to the public. The radionuclides considered are Class W Plutonium, all classes of Enriched Uranium, and all classes of Depleted Uranium. (The other class of plutonium, Y, was treated in an earlier report.) In each case, one gram of the respirable material is assumed to be released at ground leveL both with and without fire. The resulting doses and health risks can be scaled to whatever amount of release is appropriate for a postulated accident being investigated. The report begins with a summary of the organ-specific stochastic risk factors appropriate for alpha radiation, which poses the main health risk of plutonium and uranium. This is followed by a summary of the atmospheric dispersion factors for unfavorable and typical weather conditions for the calculation of consequences to both the Maximum Offsite Individual and the general population within 80 km (50 miles) of the site.

Peterson, V.L.

1995-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

9

Patient radiation doses in interventional cardiology in the U.S.: Advisory data sets and possible initial values for U.S. reference levels  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: To determine patient radiation doses from interventional cardiology procedures in the U.S and to suggest possible initial values for U.S. benchmarks for patient radiation dose from selected interventional cardiology procedures [fluoroscopically guided diagnostic cardiac catheterization and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)]. Methods: Patient radiation dose metrics were derived from analysis of data from the 2008 to 2009 Nationwide Evaluation of X-ray Trends (NEXT) survey of cardiac catheterization. This analysis used deidentified data and did not require review by an IRB. Data from 171 facilities in 30 states were analyzed. The distributions (percentiles) of radiation dose metrics were determined for diagnostic cardiac catheterizations, PCI, and combined diagnostic and PCI procedures. Confidence intervals for these dose distributions were determined using bootstrap resampling. Results: Percentile distributions (advisory data sets) and possible preliminary U.S. reference levels (based on the 75th percentile of the dose distributions) are provided for cumulative air kerma at the reference point (K{sub a,r}), cumulative air kerma-area product (P{sub KA}), fluoroscopy time, and number of cine runs. Dose distributions are sufficiently detailed to permit dose audits as described in National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements Report No. 168. Fluoroscopy times are consistent with those observed in European studies, but P{sub KA} is higher in the U.S. Conclusions: Sufficient data exist to suggest possible initial benchmarks for patient radiation dose for certain interventional cardiology procedures in the U.S. Our data suggest that patient radiation dose in these procedures is not optimized in U.S. practice.

Miller, Donald L.; Hilohi, C. Michael; Spelic, David C. [Center for Devices and Radiological Health, Food and Drug Administration, 10903 New Hampshire Avenue, Silver Spring, Maryland 20993 (United States)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

10

Reanalysis of dose-response data from the Iraqi methylmercury poisoning episode  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Applying a hockey stick parametric dose-response model to data on late or retarded development in Iraqi children exposed in utero to methylmercury, with mercury (Hg) exposure characterized by the peak Hg concentration in mothers` hair during pregnancy, Cox et al. calculated the {open_quotes}best statistical estimate{close_quotes} of the threshold for health effects as 10 ppm Hg in hair with a 95% range of uncertainty of between 0 and 13.6 ppm. A new application of the hockey stick model to the Iraqi data shows, however, that the statistical upper limit of the threshold based on the hockey stick model could be as high as 255 ppm. Futhermore, the maximum likelihood estimate of the threshold using a different parametric model is virtually zero. These and other analyses demonstrate that threshold estimates based on parametric models exhibit high statistical variability and model dependency, and are highly sensitive to the precise definition of an abnormal response. Consequently, they are not a reliable basis for setting a reference dose (RfD) for methylmercury. Benchmark analyses and statistical analyses useful for deriving NOAELs are also presented. We believe these latter analyses-particularly the benchmark analyses-generally form a sounder basis for determining RfDs than the type of hockey stick analysis presented by Cox et al. However, the acute nature of the exposures, as well as other limitations in the Iraqi data suggest that other data may be more appropriate for determining acceptable human exposures to methylmercury. 24 refs., 5 figs., 2 tabs.

Crump, K.; Clewell, H.; Gearhart, J. [ICF Kaiser, KS Crump Division, Ruston, LA (United States)] [and others

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

References - CECM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

help · annotate · Contents Next: About this document Up: RamanujanModular Equations, Previous: Sources · [Annotate] · [Shownotes]. References.

12

Reference Tools  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Reference Tools Current Greenhouse Gas Concentrations Name that compound: The numbers game for CFCs, HFCs, HCFCs, and Halons Conversion Tables and More Glossary Acronyms CDIAC's...

13

Reference Shelf  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Reference Shelf Reference Shelf Reference Shelf Find reference sources Questions? 505-667-5809 Email Biography Biographies of Women in Science Biography.com Marquis Who's Who NobelPrize.org Nobel Prize Internet Archive Calculators Currency Converter OnlineConversion.com Wolfram|Alpha Computational Knowledge Engine Dictionaries Oxford English Dictionary Merriam-Webster Dictionary DOD Dictionary of Military Terms Encyclopedias Britannica Online Columbia Encyclopedia Wikipedia Grants & Funding DOE Office of Science Grants & Contracts National Science Foundation National Institutes of Health Grants.Gov FedBizOpps.gov Los Alamos Info Los Alamos County Los Alamos Historical Society University of New Mexico - Los Alamos Campus Maps Atlapedia Online Perry-Casteneda Library Map Collection U.S. Gazetteer

14

STANDARD REFERENCE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The profession is strongly urged to use the standard reference on the financial framework in the EU, concerning endorsed IFRS in order to give a clear message to the market and to users of financial statements in and outside the EU.

unknown authors

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Subject: References:  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Subject: Subject: References: DEAR 970.3102-2 Compensation for personal services DEAR 970.5204-13 Allowable costs and fixed-fee (Management and operating contracts) DEAR 970.5204-14 Allowable costs and fixed-fee (support contracts) When is this ~\.cquisition Letter (AL) Effective? This AL is effective 10 days from the date of issuance. This gui~ce supersedes any previous statutory cap on executive compensation. Existing contracts need to be reviewed to determine whether contract terms and conditions are consistent with the guidance in this AL, or whether contract modifications are necessary. When Does this AL Expire? This AL remain;; in effect until superseded or canceled. Whom do you Contact for More Information? Contact the Office of Procurement and Assistance Policy, for questions pertaining to the

16

NEWTON's Chemistry References  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Chemistry References Do you have a great chemistry reference link? Please click our Ideas page. Featured Reference Links: Steve Marsden's Chemistry Resources Steve Marsden's...

17

NEWTON's Physics References  

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Physics References Do you have a great physics reference link? Please click our Ideas page. Featured Reference Links: Physics Links Physics Links from AAPT See the American...

18

Materials Reference Books  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Materials Science Reference Books. ... The Smithells Metals Reference Book Brandis and Brook; Butterworth-Heinemann; Published 1992; ISBN ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

19

Radiation Leukaemogenesis at Low Doses  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

myeloid leukaemia development at high and low doses. References 1. Cook WD, McCaw BJ, Herring C, John DL, Foote SJ, Nutt SL and Adams JM (2004). PU.1 is a suppressor of myeloid...

20

Quality Reference Samples  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Peer-reviewed fats and oils related performance-based control samples for lab quality assurance and quality control. Quality Reference Samples Certified Reference Materials (CRM) aocs certified Certified Reference Materials chemists CRM fat fats lab labo

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rfd reference dose" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

NEWTON's Computer Science References  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Computer Science References Do you have a great computer reference link? Please click our Ideas page. Featured Reference Links: w3schools.com w3schools.com The site, w3schools.com,...

22

COSY INFINITY Reference Manual  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

7.2, user's refer- ence manual. Technical Report CERN/LEP-COSY INFINITY Reference Manual M. Berz J I July 1990COSY INFlNlTY REFERENCE MANUAL * Martin Berz Accelerator and

Berz, M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Shift Reference Manual  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BERKELEY Shift Reference Manual Akash Deshpande Aleks Göllü1055-1425 S HIFT Reference Manual PRCS project SHIC versionThis is a reference manual for S HIFT . It presents its

Deshpande, Akash; Gollu, Aleks; Semenzato, Luigi

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

References: See Enclosure 1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a. Reissues DoD 4140.65-M (Reference (a)) in accordance with the authority in DoD Directive 5134.12 (Reference (b)) to establish guidance for the issuance, use, and disposal of wood packaging material (WPM) in compliance with International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures (ISPM) Number 15 (Reference (c)). When used as an adjective in this Manual, Reference (c) will be referred to as “ISPM No. 15.” b. Issues WPM procedures to:

unknown authors

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

NPP References and Summaries  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Full references and selected summaries (in alphabetical order of first author name by data set): Chinese Forests NPP Data Set References Gao, Q. and X.S. Zhang (1997) A simulation...

26

Standard Reference Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The National Standard Reference Data System (NSRDS-NBS) provides access to the quantitative data of physical sciences, critically evaluated ...

2013-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

27

Standard Reference Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Inn, KGW, Liggett, WS, and Hutchinson, JMR (1984), "The National Bureau of Standards Rocky Flats Soil Standard Reference Material," Nuclear ...

28

Data center reference lists  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Data Center Publications. Use the following form to retrieve a list of references to critical compilations, databases, reviews ...

29

Chemical Reference Data Group Homepage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Chemical Reference Data Group. Welcome. The Chemical Reference Data Group compiles, evaluates, correlates and measures ...

2013-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

30

High frequency reference electrode  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high frequency reference electrode for electrochemical experiments comprises a mercury-calomel or silver-silver chloride reference electrode with a layer of platinum around it and a layer of a chemically and electrically resistant material such as TEFLON around the platinum covering all but a small ring or halo'' at the tip of the reference electrode, adjacent to the active portion of the reference electrode. The voltage output of the platinum layer, which serves as a redox electrode, and that of the reference electrode are coupled by a capacitor or a set of capacitors and the coupled output transmitted to a standard laboratory potentiostat. The platinum may be applied by thermal decomposition to the surface of the reference electrode. The electrode provides superior high-frequency response over conventional electrodes.

Kronberg, J.W.

1991-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

31

High frequency reference electrode  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high frequency reference electrode for electrochemical experiments comprises a mercury-calomel or silver-silver chloride reference electrode with a layer of platinum around it and a layer of a chemically and electrically resistant material such as TEFLON around the platinum covering all but a small ring or halo' at the tip of the reference electrode, adjacent to the active portion of the reference electrode. The voltage output of the platinum layer, which serves as a redox electrode, and that of the reference electrode are coupled by a capacitor or a set of capacitors and the coupled output transmitted to a standard laboratory potentiostat. The platinum may be applied by thermal decomposition to the surface of the reference electrode. The electrode provides superior high-frequency response over conventional electrodes. 4 figs.

Kronberg, J.W.

1994-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

32

High frequency reference electrode  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high frequency reference electrode for electrochemical experiments comprises a mercury-calomel or silver-silver chloride reference electrode with a layer of platinum around it and a layer of a chemically and electrically resistant material such as TEFLON around the platinum covering all but a small ring or "halo" at the tip of the reference electrode, adjacent to the active portion of the reference electrode. The voltage output of the platinum layer, which serves as a redox electrode, and that of the reference electrode are coupled by a capacitor or a set of capacitors and the coupled output transmitted to a standard laboratory potentiostat. The platinum may be applied by thermal decomposition to the surface of the reference electrode. The electrode provides superior high-frequency response over conventional electrodes.

Kronberg, James W. (Aiken, SC)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Optical voltage reference  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An optical voltage reference for providing an alternative to a battery source is described. The optical reference apparatus provides a temperature stable, high precision, isolated voltage reference through the use of optical isolation techniques to eliminate current and impedance coupling errors. Pulse rate frequency modulation is employed to eliminate errors in the optical transmission link while phase-lock feedback is employed to stabilize the frequency to voltage transfer function. 2 figures.

Rankin, R.; Kotter, D.

1994-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

34

Optical voltage reference  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An optical voltage reference for providing an alternative to a battery source. The optical reference apparatus provides a temperature stable, high precision, isolated voltage reference through the use of optical isolation techniques to eliminate current and impedance coupling errors. Pulse rate frequency modulation is employed to eliminate errors in the optical transmission link while phase-lock feedback is employed to stabilize the frequency to voltage transfer function.

Rankin, R.; Kotter, D.

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

35

APPENDIX B: REFERENCES  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2010 Appendix B: References Bloomfield, K., J.N. Moore, and R.M. Neilson Jr. 2003. Geothermal Energy Reduces Greenhouse Gases. Geothermal Research Council. GRC Bulletin, April...

36

NEWTON's References About Mathematics  

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Please click our Ideas page. Featured Reference Links: Free Math Video Lectures Mathematics Online Courses View 100s of free instructional math videos. FreeVideoLectures...

37

The Conniver Reference Manual  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This manual is an introduction and reference to the latest version of the Conniver programming language, an AI language wit general control and data-base structures.

McDermott, Drew V.

1972-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

NEWTON's Botany References  

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Botany References Botany References Do you have a great botany reference link? Please click our Ideas page. Featured Reference Links: Dave's Garden - Plant Database Dave's Garden - Plant Database Visit Dave's Garden with information and photos for 185,359 different plants! United States Department of Agriculture Plant Database USDA PLANTS Database The PLANTS Database provides standardized information about the vascular plants, mosses, liverworts, hornworts, and lichens of the U.S. and its territories. Search over 40,000 plant images of US plants. Botany.com Botany.com Botany.com offers an encyclopedia of flowers and plants and resources to help people learn how to identify any different kinds of plants. Plant Kingdom This is a good reference for looking at the plant kingdom.

39

NEWTON's General Science References  

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General Science References General Science References Do you have a great general science reference link? Please click our Ideas page. Featured Reference Links: First.gov Science and Technology First.gov Science and Technology This site, sponsered by the US Government provides reference links to topics on science, telecommunications, computers, research agencies, and news. NASA Science NASA Science NASA Science, is a website sponsered by NASA, that supplies resources for understanding our world and the world above. Topics include earth science, heliophysics, the planets, astrophysics and much more. There is also an educator page! Nobel Laueate Listings and Stories Nobel Laueate Listings and Stories See the official site for the Nobel Prize, and read biographies about all of the Nobel Laureates, and there life changing discoveries and accomplishments.

40

Wilderness Preservation : a Reference Handbook  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Preservation: A Reference Handbook By Kenneth A. RossenbergPreservation: A Reference Handbook. Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO,Preservation: A Reference Handbook is a comprehensive

Zimmer, Peter

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rfd reference dose" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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41

NEWTON's Molecular Biology References  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Molecular Biology References Molecular Biology References Do you have a great reference link? Please click our Ideas page. Featured Reference Links: The Vitual Museum of Bacteria The Vitual Museum of Bacteria Visit the virtual museum of bacteria to learn more about bacteria and germs! This site brings together many links on bacteria, bacteriology, and related topics available on the web. It also provides crystal-clear information about many aspects of bacteria. The American Society of Cell Biology Cell Biology Educational Resources This site, sponsered by the American Society of Cell Biology, provides additional web links to everything from, general educational sites, to biology course materials, to teaching tools and more. National Center for Biotechnology Information National Center for Biotechnology Information

42

Transforming Definitions of Reference  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

“Four components of reference service: 1. Instruct the reader in the ways of the library. 2. Assist readers in solving their inquiries. 3. Aid the reader in the selection of good works. 4. Promote the library within the community.” Green, S.S. (1876). Personal relations between librarian and readers. American Library Journal, 1, 74-81. 1943 “Reference work. 1. That phase of library work which is directly concerned with assistance to readers in securing information and in using the resources of the library in study and research. 2. The work of a reference department.” American Library Association. Committee on Library Terminology. (1943). A.L.A. glossary of library terms, with a selection of terms in related fields. Chicago: American Library Association. 1982 “Reference transaction An information contact which involves the use, recommendation, interpretation, or instruction in the use of one or more information sources, or knowledge of such

unknown authors

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

References to Astrophysics Papers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

References to Astrophysics Papers References to Astrophysics Papers References to Astrophysics Papers Edward Tufte claims the most common number of references to scientific papers is zero. My five papers in astrophysics published from 1992 to 1996 continue to receive citations. Major ones are listed below. Mineo, S.; Rappaport, S.; Steinhorn, B.; Levine, A.; Gilfanov, M.; Pooley, D., 2013, The Astrophysical Journal, Volume 771, Issue 2, article id. 133, 12 pp. Spatially Resolved Star Formation Image and the Ultraluminous X-Ray Source Population in NGC 2207/IC 2163 Junqueira, T. C.; Lépine, J. R. D.; Braga, C. A. S.; Barros, D. A 2013, Astronomy & Astrophysics, Volume 550, id.A91. A new model for gravitational potential perturbations in disks of spiral galaxies. An application to our Galaxy.

44

NEWTON's References About Mathematics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Math References Math References Do you have a great math reference link? Please click our Ideas page. Featured Reference Links: Steve Marsden's Chemistry Resources Discovery Education's Mathematics Guide Discovery Educators have provided a Mathematics Guide for Educators. Included are numerous links to sites that touch on almost every mathematic topic that you are interested in. The Ultimate Math Portal The Ultimate Math Portal Whether you are confused by multiplication, need extra practice with geometry proofs, find yourself struggling to understand logarithms, or you just want to know more about pi, you are sure to find what you need with this great list of math facts and resources. MathIsFun.com MathIsFun.com Here, math is explained in easy language, for your students to understand. Plus, there are puzzles, games, quizzes, worksheets and a forum for more exploration. This site is designed for K-12 kids, teachers and parents to enjoy.

45

NEWTON's Material Science References  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Material Science References Material Science References Do you have a great material science reference link? Please click our Ideas page. Featured Reference Links: Materials Research Society Materials Research Society The Materials Research Society has assembled many resources in its Materials Science Enthusiasts site. This site has information for the K-12 audience, general public, and materials science professionals. Material Science nanoHUB nanHUB.org is the place for nanotechnology research, education, and collaboration. There are Simulation Programs, Online Presentations, Courses, Learning Modules, Podcasts, Animations, Teaching Materials, and more. (Intened for high school and up) Materials Science Resources on the Web Materials Science Resources on the Web This site gives a good general introduction into material science. Sponsered by Iowa State, it talks about what material science is, ceramics and composites, and other topics.

46

References - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

References 1.En ergy In for ma tion Ad min istra tion. Natu ral Gas Pro - duc tive Ca pac ity for the Lower 48 States 1980 through 1991 . DOE/EIA- 0542 (Wash ing ton ...

47

LLSIM Reference Manual  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A program that simulates a Digital Equipment Corporation PDP-11 computer and many of its peripherals on the AI Laboratory Time Sharing System (ITS) is described from a user's reference point of view. This simulator has ...

Eastlake, Donald

1971-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

MIT Scheme Reference Manual  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MIT Scheme is an implementation of the Scheme programming language that runs on many popular workstations. The MIT Scheme Reference Manual describes the special forms, procedures, and datatypes provided by the ...

Hanson, Chris

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

LLSIM Reference Manual  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A program that simulates a Digital Equipment Corporation PDP-11 computer and many of its peripherals on the AI Laboratory Time Sharing System (ITS) is described from a user's reference point of view. This simulator has ...

Eastlake, Donald E.

1972-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Technical Reference OVERVIEW  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

and the ENERGY STAR Score in the United States and Canada Page 1 Parking and the ENERGY STAR Score in the United States and Canada Technical Reference OVERVIEW The ENERGY STAR...

51

Quality Assurance REFERENCE GUIDE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Quality Assurance Quality Assurance Qualification Standard DOE-STD-1150-2002 July 2012 Reference Guide The Functional Area Qualification Standard References Guides are developed to assist operators, maintenance personnel, and the technical staff in the acquisition of technical competence and qualification within the Technical Qualification Program. Please direct your questions or comments related to this document to the Office of Leadership and Career Management, Technical Qualification Program (TQP) Manager, Albuquerque Complex. This page is intentionally blank. Table of Contents i FIGURES ....................................................................................................................................... ii TABLES ........................................................................................................................................ iii

52

Multifunctional reference electrode  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A multifunctional, low mass reference electrode of a nickel tube, thermocouple means inside the nickel tube electrically insulated therefrom for measuring the temperature thereof, a housing surrounding the nickel tube, an electrolyte having a fixed sulfide ion activity between the housing and the outer surface of the nickel tube forming the nickel/nickel sulfide/sulfide half-cell are described. An ion diffusion barrier is associated with the housing in contact with the electrolyte. Also disclosed is a cell using the reference electrode to measure characteristics of a working electrode.

Redey, L.; Vissers, D.R.

1981-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

53

TERMS OF REFERENCE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Act 2002 (the Act), hereby makes a reference to the CC for an investigation into the supply or acquisition of PH in the UK. 2. The OFT has reasonable grounds for suspecting that a feature or a combination of features of the market or markets for the supply or acquisition of PH prevents, restricts or distorts competition. 3. For the purposes of this reference, PH means privately funded healthcare services. These are services provided to patients via private facilities/clinics including private patient units, through the services of consultants, medical and clinical

John Fingleton

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Aluminum reference electrode  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A stable reference electrode for use in monitoring and controlling the process of electrolytic reduction of a metal. In the case of Hall cell reduction of aluminum, the reference electrode comprises a pool of molten aluminum and a solution of molten cryolite, Na.sub.3 AlF.sub.6, wherein the electrical connection to the molten aluminum does not contact the highly corrosive molten salt solution. This is accomplished by altering the density of either the aluminum (decreasing the density) or the electrolyte (increasing the density) so that the aluminum floats on top of the molten salt solution.

Sadoway, Donald R. (Belmont, MA)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Aluminum reference electrode  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A stable reference electrode is described for use in monitoring and controlling the process of electrolytic reduction of a metal. In the case of Hall cell reduction of aluminum, the reference electrode comprises a pool of molten aluminum and a solution of molten cryolite, Na[sub 3]AlF[sub 6], wherein the electrical connection to the molten aluminum does not contact the highly corrosive molten salt solution. This is accomplished by altering the density of either the aluminum (decreasing the density) or the electrolyte (increasing the density) so that the aluminum floats on top of the molten salt solution. 1 fig.

Sadoway, D.R.

1988-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

56

Internal Dose Estimates from  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Appendix F Internal Dose Estimates from NTS Fallout F-1 #12;Radiation Dose to the Population...........................................................................................40 Comparison to dose estimates from global fallout

57

Radiation dose estimates for radiopharmaceuticals  

SciTech Connect

Tables of radiation dose estimates based on the Cristy-Eckerman adult male phantom are provided for a number of radiopharmaceuticals commonly used in nuclear medicine. Radiation dose estimates are listed for all major source organs, and several other organs of interest. The dose estimates were calculated using the MIRD Technique as implemented in the MIRDOSE3 computer code, developed by the Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education, Radiation Internal Dose Information Center. In this code, residence times for source organs are used with decay data from the MIRD Radionuclide Data and Decay Schemes to produce estimates of radiation dose to organs of standardized phantoms representing individuals of different ages. The adult male phantom of the Cristy-Eckerman phantom series is different from the MIRD 5, or Reference Man phantom in several aspects, the most important of which is the difference in the masses and absorbed fractions for the active (red) marrow. The absorbed fractions for flow energy photons striking the marrow are also different. Other minor differences exist, but are not likely to significantly affect dose estimates calculated with the two phantoms. Assumptions which support each of the dose estimates appears at the bottom of the table of estimates for a given radiopharmaceutical. In most cases, the model kinetics or organ residence times are explicitly given. The results presented here can easily be extended to include other radiopharmaceuticals or phantoms.

Stabin, M.G.; Stubbs, J.B.; Toohey, R.E. [Oak Ridge Inst. of Science and Education, TN (United States). Radiation Internal Dose Information Center

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

EPRI HVDC Reference Book  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report is actually Chapter 17 of the EPRI HVDC Reference Book and describes a variety of simulation tools for high-voltage direct current (HVDC) systems. Modeling and simulation of HVDC systems is essential in the planning, engineering, designing, and operating stages of an HVDC system.

2008-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

59

Radwaste Desk Reference  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This volume of the Radwaste Desk Reference contains fundamental practical and regulatory information on the transportation of radioactive waste. Because its information is based entirely on industry practice, the work can serve as an extensive how-to manual for both the newcomer and the experienced radwaste professional.

2011-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

60

NEWTON's Botany References  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Botany References Botany References Do you have a great botany video? Please click our Ideas page. Featured Videos: AOL News AOL News - Botany Videos AOL news provides hundreds of botany videos from around the world. View informational and instructional videos as well as interviews about the latest botany topics and discoveries. NeoK12 Plant Videos NeoK12 - Every Plant Topic Imaginable Explore videos encompassing every category dealing with plants. Learn about photosynthesis, plant evolution, reproduction, and many more plant related videos. Fungus Image Fungi Videos BBC Nature provides informational videos about fugni and other organisms. Learn and explore a wide variety of topics concerning the fungus kingdom. Other Botany Videos: Botany Videos for Kids Look at various botany videos geared towards a younger audience.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rfd reference dose" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Reference Undulator Measurement Results  

SciTech Connect

The LCLS reference undulator has been measured 22 times during the course of undulator tuning. These measurements provide estimates of various statistical errors. This note gives a summary of the reference undulator measurements and it provides estimates of the undulator tuning errors. We measured the reference undulator many times during the tuning of the LCLS undulators. These data sets give estimates of the random errors in the tuned undulators. The measured trajectories in the reference undulator are stable and straight to within {+-}2 {micro}m. Changes in the phase errors are less than {+-}2 deg between data sets. The phase advance in the cell varies by less than {+-}2 deg between data sets. The rms variation between data sets of the first integral of B{sub x} is 9.98 {micro}Tm, and the rms variation of the second integral of B{sub x} is 17.4 {micro}Tm{sup 2}. The rms variation of the first integral of B{sub y} is 6.65 {micro}Tm, and the rms variation of the second integral of B{sub y} is 12.3 {micro}Tm{sup 2}. The rms variation of the x-position of the fiducialized beam axis is 35 {micro}m in the final production run This corresponds to an rms uncertainty in the K value of {Delta}K/K = 2.7 x 10{sup -5}. The rms variation of the y-position of the fiducialized beam axis is 4 {micro}m in the final production run.

Wolf, Z

2011-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

62

MATLAB r ? / R Reference  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I wrote the first version of this reference during the Spring 2007 semester, as I learned R while teaching my course “MAT400, Modeling & Simulation ” at the University of Maine. The course covers population and epidemiological modeling, including deterministic and stochastic models in discrete and continuous time, along with spatial models. Half of the class meetings are in a regular classroom, and half are in a computer lab where students work through modeling & simulation exercises. When I taught earlier versions of the course, it was based on Matlab only. In Spring 2007, some biology graduate students in the class who had learned R in statistics courses asked if they could use R in my class as well, and I said yes. My colleague Bill Halteman was a great help as I frantically learned R to stay ahead of the class. As I went, every time I learned how to do something in R for the course, I added it to this reference, so that I wouldn’t forget it later. Some items took a huge amount of time searching for a simple way to do what I wanted, but at the end of the semester, I was pleasantly surprised that almost everything I do in Matlab had an equivalent in R. I was also inspired to do this after seeing the “R for Octave Users” reference written by Robin Hankin. This reference is organized into general categories. There is also a Matlab index and an R index at the end, which should make it easy to look up a command you know in one of the languages and learn

David Hiebeler

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

NIST Standard Reference Simulation Website  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... simulations, that can be treated similar to "standard reference data ... techniques and compiled by NIST under the Standards Reference Data Program. ...

2013-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

64

Coal data: A reference  

SciTech Connect

This report, Coal Data: A Reference, summarizes basic information on the mining and use of coal, an important source of energy in the US. This report is written for a general audience. The goal is to cover basic material and strike a reasonable compromise between overly generalized statements and detailed analyses. The section ``Supplemental Figures and Tables`` contains statistics, graphs, maps, and other illustrations that show trends, patterns, geographic locations, and similar coal-related information. The section ``Coal Terminology and Related Information`` provides additional information about terms mentioned in the text and introduces some new terms. The last edition of Coal Data: A Reference was published in 1991. The present edition contains updated data as well as expanded reviews and additional information. Added to the text are discussions of coal quality, coal prices, unions, and strikes. The appendix has been expanded to provide statistics on a variety of additional topics, such as: trends in coal production and royalties from Federal and Indian coal leases, hours worked and earnings for coal mine employment, railroad coal shipments and revenues, waterborne coal traffic, coal export loading terminals, utility coal combustion byproducts, and trace elements in coal. The information in this report has been gleaned mainly from the sources in the bibliography. The reader interested in going beyond the scope of this report should consult these sources. The statistics are largely from reports published by the Energy Information Administration.

Not Available

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Technical Reference OVERVIEW  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Parking and the ENERGY STAR Score in the United States and Canada Page 1 Parking and the ENERGY STAR Score in the United States and Canada Page 1 Parking and the ENERGY STAR Score in the United States and Canada Technical Reference OVERVIEW The ENERGY STAR score provides a fair assessment of the energy performance of a property relative to its peers, taking into account the climate, weather, and business activities at the property. Parking areas are not eligible to earn the ENERGY STAR score. However, because parking is a common amenity at other commercial building types (i.e., office and hotels), the ENERGY STAR score does make adjustments to accommodate for the presence of parking.

66

Long life reference electrode  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An external, reference electrode is provided for long term use with a high temperature, high pressure system. The electrode is arranged in a vertical, electrically insulative tube with an upper portion serving as an electrolyte reservoir and a lower portion in electrolytic communication with the system to be monitored. The lower end portion includes a flow restriction such as a porous plug to limit the electrolyte release into the system. A piston equalized to the system pressure is fitted into the upper portion of the tube to impart a small incremental pressure to the electrolyte. The piston is selected of suitable size and weight to cause only a slight flow of electrolyte through the porous plug into the high pressure system. This prevents contamination of the electrolyte but is of such small flow rate that operating intervals of a month or more can be achieved. 2 figs.

Yonco, R.M.; Nagy, Z.

1989-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

67

Nuclear Science References Database  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Nuclear Science References (NSR) database together with its associated Web interface, is the world's only comprehensive source of easily accessible low- and intermediate-energy nuclear physics bibliographic information for more than 210,000 articles since the beginning of nuclear science. The weekly-updated NSR database provides essential support for nuclear data evaluation, compilation and research activities. The principles of the database and Web application development and maintenance are described. Examples of nuclear structure, reaction and decay applications are specifically included. The complete NSR database is freely available at the websites of the National Nuclear Data Center http://www.nndc.bnl.gov/nsr and the International Atomic Energy Agency http://www-nds.iaea.org/nsr.

B. Pritychenko; E. B?ták; B. Singh; J. Totans

2013-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

68

Tank characterization reference guide  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Characterization of the Hanford Site high-level waste storage tanks supports safety issue resolution; operations and maintenance requirements; and retrieval, pretreatment, vitrification, and disposal technology development. Technical, historical, and programmatic information about the waste tanks is often scattered among many sources, if it is documented at all. This Tank Characterization Reference Guide, therefore, serves as a common location for much of the generic tank information that is otherwise contained in many documents. The report is intended to be an introduction to the issues and history surrounding the generation, storage, and management of the liquid process wastes, and a presentation of the sampling, analysis, and modeling activities that support the current waste characterization. This report should provide a basis upon which those unfamiliar with the Hanford Site tank farms can start their research.

De Lorenzo, D.S.; DiCenso, A.T.; Hiller, D.B.; Johnson, K.W.; Rutherford, J.H.; Smith, D.J. [Los Alamos Technical Associates, Kennewick, WA (United States); Simpson, B.C. [Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States)

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Health Effects for Boron and Borates  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Boron occurs in varying concentrations in coal fly ash and is typically found in fly ash leachates. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is in the process of performing a risk assessment to determine safe levels of boron for human ingestion. This report describes existing information on the health effects of boron and how that information is being used to calculate a reference dose (RfD) and acceptable concentration in drinking water.

2004-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

70

Technology, safety and costs of decommissioning a reference boiling water reactor power station. Appendices. Volume 2  

SciTech Connect

Appendices are presented concerning the evaluations of decommissioning financing alternatives; reference site description; reference BWR facility description; radiation dose rate and concrete surface contamination data; radionuclide inventories; public radiation dose models and calculated maximum annual doses; decommissioning methods; generic decommissioning information; immediate dismantlement details; passive safe storage, continuing care, and deferred dismantlement details; entombment details; demolition and site restoration details; cost estimating bases; public radiological safety assessment details; and details of alternate study bases.

Oak, H.D.; Holter, G.M.; Kennedy, W.E. Jr.; Konzek, G.J.

1980-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

LAI References and Summaries  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cart Sign In/Register Quick Data Search Help icon Go NASA Meatball Cart Sign In/Register Quick Data Search Help icon Go NASA Meatball No JAVASCRIPT Capabilities. This site will not function without JavaScript. Please use the Web Product Tree. or anonymous FTP at ftp://daac.ornl.gov/data. Global Leaf Area Index Data from Field Measurements, 1932-2000 References and summaries for literature on leaf area index (reviews, methodology, etc.) Barclay, H. J. (1998) Conversion of total leaf area to projcted leaf area in lodgepole pine and Douglas-fir. Tree PHysiology 18, 185-193. Summary It is noted that three distinct definitions of leaf area index (LAI) in the literature have no predictable relationship with each other. Conversion factors were derived, from total LAI to projected LAI of horizontal leaves and to projected LAI for inclined leaves of lodgepole pine and coastal Douglas-fir, enabling comparison of results from different studies. An algorithm was derived to allow determination of these factors based on twig angles and the angles that the foliage subtends with the twig. The conversion factor was more sensitive to differences in vertical angles of the twigs than to twig rotation or foliar arrangement on the twig.

72

Reference: Revised Tariff Sheet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Company (TrAILCo), a revised tariff sheet to correct the FERC Form No. 1 line reference in TrAILCo’s formula rate. Pursuant to the authority delegated to the Director, Division of Electric Power Regulation- East, under 18 C.F.R. § 375.307, your submittal filed in the above referenced docket is accepted for filing, effective May 17, 2010, as requested. 1 Notice of the filing was published in the Federal Register, with comments, protests, or interventions due on or before June 3, 2010. No protests or adverse comments were filed. American Municipal Power, Inc. and PJM Interconnection, LLC filed timely motions to intervene. Notices of intervention and unopposed timely filed motions to intervene are granted pursuant to Rule 214 of the Commission’s Rules of Practice and Procedure (18 C.F.R. § 385.214). Any opposed or untimely filed motion to intervene is governed by the provisions of Rule 214. This acceptance for filing shall not be construed as constituting approval of any rate, charge, classification or any rule, regulation, or practice affecting such rate or 1

Stephen Angle Esq; Dear Mr. Angle; Jignasa P. Gadani

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Sensor Characteristics Reference Guide  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Buildings Technologies Office (BTO), within the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), is initiating a new program in Sensor and Controls. The vision of this program is: • Buildings operating automatically and continuously at peak energy efficiency over their lifetimes and interoperating effectively with the electric power grid. • Buildings that are self-configuring, self-commissioning, self-learning, self-diagnosing, self-healing, and self-transacting to enable continuous peak performance. • Lower overall building operating costs and higher asset valuation. The overarching goal is to capture 30% energy savings by enhanced management of energy consuming assets and systems through development of cost-effective sensors and controls. One step in achieving this vision is the publication of this Sensor Characteristics Reference Guide. The purpose of the guide is to inform building owners and operators of the current status, capabilities, and limitations of sensor technologies. It is hoped that this guide will aid in the design and procurement process and result in successful implementation of building sensor and control systems. DOE will also use this guide to identify research priorities, develop future specifications for potential market adoption, and provide market clarity through unbiased information

Cree, Johnathan V.; Dansu, A.; Fuhr, P.; Lanzisera, Steven M.; McIntyre, T.; Muehleisen, Ralph T.; Starke, M.; Banerjee, Pranab; Kuruganti, T.; Castello, C.

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Radioactivity Standard Reference Material Program  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Summary: The Standard Reference Materials Program of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) provides science, industry, and ...

2013-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

75

Chemistry Standard Reference Materials Portal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Bombings. photo of Gulf of Mexico crude oil SRM NIST Releases Gulf of Mexico Crude Oil Reference Material. canine officer ...

2013-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

76

NIST Standard Reference Database 23  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 6 Sample MATLAB Code.....53 B ... the IIR and ASHRAE reference states ... in slightly different values than ...

2011-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

77

Molecular diagnostics: harmonization through reference ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... GeT-RM: Genetic Testing Reference Materials Coordination Program; HSS: Department of Health and Human Services; IRMM: Institute for ...

2012-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

78

Energy and American Society : a Reference Handbook  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

American Society: A Reference Handbook By E. Willard MillerSOCIETY: A REFERENCE HANDBOOK (Contemporary World IssuesSOCIETY: A REFERENCE HANDBOOK is an important reference work

Li, Haipeng

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Capillary reference half-cell  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention is a reference half-cell electrode wherein intermingling of test fluid with reference fluid does not affect the performance of the reference half-cell over a long time. This intermingling reference half-cell may be used as a single or double junction submersible or surface reference electrode. The intermingling reference half-cell relies on a capillary tube having a first end open to reference fluid and a second end open to test fluid wherein the small diameter of the capillary tube limits free motion of fluid within the capillary to diffusion. The electrode is placed near the first end of the capillary in contact with the reference fluid. The method of operation of the present invention begins with filling the capillary tube with a reference solution. After closing the first end of the capillary, the capillary tube may be fully submerged or partially submerged with the second open end inserted into test fluid. Since the electrode is placed near the first end of the capillary, and since the test fluid may intermingle with the reference fluid through the second open end only by diffusion, this intermingling capillary reference half-cell provides a stable voltage potential for long time periods. 11 figs.

Hall, S.H.

1996-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

80

reference | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

98 98 Varnish cache server Home Groups Community Central Green Button Applications Developer Utility Rate FRED: FRee Energy Database More Public Groups Private Groups Features Groups Blog posts Content Stream Documents Discussions Polls Q & A Events Notices My stuff Energy blogs 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142235098 Varnish cache server reference Home Jweers's picture Submitted by Jweers(83) Contributor 7 August, 2013 - 18:23 New Robust References! citation citing developer formatting reference Semantic Mediawiki wiki Check out the new Reference Form. Adding a reference object to OpenEI using this form is the most complete way to cite a reference. After providing the name of your reference, the form will ask for your document

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rfd reference dose" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Results of Reference List Query  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Attenuation of Gamma Radiation from 60-Co ... Dose Buildup Factors of Plane Parallel Barriers for ... of Attenuation Coefficients at Low Photon Energies ...

82

Tips: References | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

References References Tips: References April 11, 2012 - 9:03am Addthis Tips: References The following resources were used to develop the Energy Savers Guide: Tips on Saving Money and Energy at Home: Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy Cool Roof Rating Council Database of State Incentives for Renewables & Efficiency (DSIRE) DOE Building America DOE Building Technologies Program DOE Building Technologies Program, 2010 Buildings Energy Databook DOE Energy Information Administration Residential Energy Consumption Survey DOE/EPA Fuel Economy Guide DOE Federal Energy Management Program DOE Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability ENERGY STAR® Green Roofs for Healthy Cities National Renewable Energy Laboratory

83

Chemistry Standard Reference Data Portal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... photo of Gulf of Mexico crude oil SRM NIST Releases Gulf of Mexico Crude Oil Reference Material. 11MML036_nanotubes_srm_CS ...

2013-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

84

References | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog References Home > About Us > Our Programs > Nuclear Security > Nuclear Materials Management &...

85

FAQS Reference Guide – Facility Representative  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the October 2010 edition of DOE-STD-1151-2010, Facility Representative Functional Area Qualification Standard.

86

FAQS Reference Guide – Criticality Safety  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the April 2009 edition of DOE-STD-1173-2009, Criticality Safety Functional Area Qualification Standard.

87

OpenEI - Technical Reference  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

http:en.openei.orgdatasetstaxonomyterm8710 en Technical Reference and Technical Database for Hydrogen Compatibility of Materials http:en.openei.orgdatasetsnode927...

88

FAQS Reference Guide- Chemical Processing  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the February 2010 edition of DOE-STD-1176-2010, Chemical Processing Functional Area Qualification Standard.

89

FAQS Reference Guide – Waste Management  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the January 2003 edition of DOE-STD-1159-2003, Waste Management Functional Area Qualification Standard.

90

FAQS Reference Guide – Environmental Restoration  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the November 2002 edition of DOE-STD-1157-2002, Environmental Restoration Functional Area Qualification Standard.

91

FAQS Reference Guide – Environmental Compliance  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the June 2011 edition of DOE-STD-1156-2011, Environmental Compliance Functional Area Qualification Standard.

92

reference case | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

reference case reference case Dataset Summary Description This dataset comes from the Energy Information Administration (EIA), and is part of the 2011 Annual Energy Outlook Report (AEO2011). This dataset is table 1, and contains only the reference case. The dataset uses quadrillion BTUs, and quantifies the energy prices using U.S. dollars. The data is broken down into total production, imports, exports, consumption, and prices for energy types. Source EIA Date Released April 26th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords 2011 AEO consumption EIA export import production reference case total energy Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon AEO2011: Total Energy Supply, Disposition, and Price Summary - Reference Case (xls, 112.8 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Peer Reviewed

93

NETL: Coal & Power Systems Reference Shelf  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Reference Shelf Coal & Power Systems Reference Shelf Below are links to recent Strategic Center for Coal (SCC) related documents and reference materials. Each technology area...

94

FAQS Reference Guide - Transportation and Traffic Management...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

FAQS Reference Guide - Transportation and Traffic Management FAQS Reference Guide - Transportation and Traffic Management This reference guide addresses the competency statements...

95

Reference:  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Operator Corporation (CAISO), revised tariff sheets to define the circumstances under which Metered Subsystem resources can use its Reliability Must Run (RMR) units for load following purposes. 1 Specifically, the CAISO revised Section 4.9.13.2 (Load-Following or Non Load-Following Election) of the MRTU Tariff to reflect that an MSS Operator may designate RMR units as load following, and that load following RMR units must be available to the CAISO for dispatch up to the maximum net dependable capacity specified in the RMR contract. The CAISO tariff provides that if the CAISO does not dispatch an RMR load following resource for local reliability needs, the MSS Operator will have the opportunity to participate in the CAISO markets as any other non-RMR load following unit subject to Section 30.5.2.5 (Supply Bids for Metered Subsystems). The revised tariff sheets are accepted for filing to become effective upon implementation of MRTU. 2 1 Load following is typically defined as the use of generation to meet the hour-tohour and daily variations in system load. 2 On March 26, 2008, the Commission issued an order granting the CAISO’s motion to modify the effective date of the MRTU Tariff based on a representation that due to delays in the implementation of MRTU, the March 31, 2008 effective20080612-3013 FERC PDF (Unofficial) 06/12/2008 Docket No. ER06-615-014-2-This filing was noticed on October 10, 2007, with comments, protests, or motions

Bird Llp; Bradley R. Miliauskas

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

References  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... LIBES96. Don Libes, Writing CGI Scripts in Tcl, Proceedings of Tcl/Tk Workshop 96, Monterey, CA, July 10-13, 1996. LUB95. ...

97

References  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... LIBES. Don Libes, Writing CGI Scripts in Tcl, Proceedings of Tcl/Tk Workshop 96, Monterey, CA, July 10-13, 1996. URL: http://www.nist.gov/msid. ...

98

References  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

..., ASM International, 2009, p 625â??658ASM Handbook, Vol 22A, Fundamentals of Modeling for Metals ProcessingHeat-Transfer Equations,...

99

References  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Los algoritmos evolutivos (AE) son técnicas de optimización basadas en los principios de evolución natural [7]. Aunque los AEs han sido utilizados en solucionar muchos problemas de optimización de manera exitosa, el rendimiento de ellos (medido en tiempo consumido y calidad de la solución producida) depende de la selección adecuada de los parámetros del AE: Operadores genéticos, probabilidades de aplicación de los mismos, tamaño de la población, esquema de selección, etc. Es mas, el proceso de jar tales parámetros es considerado un proceso que consume mucho tiempo [10]. Tomando en cuenta la importancia de este proceso, muchos trabajos de investigación han tratado de manejarlo de diversas maneras [4]. Algunos trabajos han tratado de determinar el valor apropiado de dichos parámetros mediante experimentación extensiva de los mismos en la solución de un conjunto de funciones previamente prede nido [3, 11], o mediante un análisis teórico [5, 1, 9]. Otro conjunto de trabajos, llamados Adaptación de Parámetros (AP), han tratado de eliminar el proceso de selección de parámetros mediante la adaptación de los mismos al tiempo que el algoritmo evolutivo esta siendo ejecutado [2, 8, 13, 9, 12, 6]. En este proyecto se plantea una solución al problema de jar los parámetros mediante técnicas de auto adaptación de parámetros (Meta-evolución). Con tal n, se pretende extender el Algoritmo Evolutivo de Auto Adaptación Híbrida (HAEA por sus siglas en ingles) propuesto por Gomez en [6], de tal manera que no solamente adapte las probabilidades de los operadores genéticos sino los siguientes parámetros: Tamaño de población, mecanismos de selección y operadores genéticos.

Definición Del Problema; A. E. Eiben; R. Hinterding

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

References  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Application An approved SLAC Energized Electrical Work Request and Approval Permit (EEW) is required for all work at SLAC where the work includes assembly, disassembly, or re-arrangement of components while they are energized. Work below 50 volts, as well as testing, troubleshooting, and voltage measuring, are exempt from the required permit per National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) 70E 2004 Edition, Article 130.1(A)(3), provided that adequate work practices and personal protective equipment are used.

unknown authors

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rfd reference dose" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

References  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nowadays, lots of solar panels are installed. A major disadvantage of normal Si-based solar cells is that if one solar cell is shaded, the total energy produced by the string of solar cells is lost. Reducing the efficiency of the total system. In resent years, a new technology has been introduced, using thin film solar cells integrated into roofing. Although partial shading doesn't affect this technique as much as Si-based solar cells, the shaded solar cells do not contribute to the energy production. Some years ago a special kind of robot has been developed that automatically mows the lawn. The goal of this thesis is to build an automatic solar panel cleaning robot using a “robomow ” or other robotic vehicle. This robot has to be adapted for use on solar panels, and of course, has its own solar

unknown authors

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

References  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Contribution of residential wood combustion to hourly winter aerosol in Northern Sweden determined by positive matrix factorization

P. Krecl; E. Hedberg Larsson; J. Ström; C. Johansson; Wood Combustion

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

References  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Edwards (eds.). 1995. SEER Cancer Statistics Review, 1973-1992: Tables and Graphs. NIH Publication No. 96-2789. Bethesda ...

1998-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

104

References  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Why are estimates of global isoprene emissions so similar (and why is this not so for monoterpenes)?

A. Arneth; R. K. Monson; G. Schurgers; Ü. Niinemets; P. I. Palmer

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

References  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Histogram Imaging", Analytical Chemistry 63(4 ... A. (1982) FUNDAMENTALS OF INTERACTIVE ... THE IMAGE PROCESSING HANDBOOK, CRC Press ...

106

References  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 1951) 3277-3278. [24] 'CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics' (CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, 1987). [25] Thomas, JJ ...

2006-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

107

References  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

problem. In: The Second Annual International Conference on Computational Molecular Biology, (Istrail, S, Pevzner, P, Waterman, M, eds) pp. 285-292. ACM New York. Y. Xu, D. Xu,...

108

References  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Gene-Specific Fragments for Microarrays. In "Currents in Computational Molecular Biology", edited by S. Miyano, R. Shamir and T. Takagi. Universal Academy Press, Inc. Tokyo,...

109

References  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In analyzing the ACS photometry of the primary WD stars, Bohlin & Gilliland (2004) found a 2.5 % contribution to the predicted integrated HRC count rates due to the F660N filter transmission rise at the shortest wavelength of the tabulation. Following discussions with G. Hartig, the tabulated value of 0.00604 at 2500 Å was deemed a spurious artifact of the measurement procedure (Leviton et al. 1998a, Leviton et al. 1998b). The ACS filters generally use colored glass substrates to block short wavelengths and are not subject to the kind of UV leak that is indicated by the original data supplied by the IDT. The signal transmitted by the filter at 2500 Å in the lab measurement process was probably dominated by stray light from longer wavelengths. Even though for normal stellar continua, similar errors for other filters are less than 0.5 % of the predicted count rate, all UV transmittance curves with a similar suspicious rise in the UV are corrected to values typical of the nearest measured values. Table 1 lists all of the changes that are implemented in Synphot as a result of this investigation. These changes are also reflected in the ETC

F. R. Boffi; R. C. Bohlin

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

References  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... EN, Nagy, G., and Franklin, WR, 'Cracking, Damage, and Fracture in Four ... 05, 'Test Method for the Chemical Shrinkage of Hydraulic Cement Paste ...

2006-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

111

References  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy Statistics, ... 8 Elisson, H, and Elvers, E (2001), “Cut-off sampling and estimation,” Statistics Canada International Symposium Series – Proce ...

112

References  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

continuous speech recognition. IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, PAMI-5(2), March 1983. [6] Doug Beeferman, Adam Berger, and John Lafferty. A model of lexical

Steven Abney Functional Elements; Licensing Presented To Glow; J. Bach; T. C. Bell; I. H. Witten; J. L. Bentley; D. D. Sleator; R. E. Tarjan

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Tips: References | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tips: References Tips: References Tips: References April 11, 2012 - 9:03am Addthis Tips: References The following resources were used to develop the Energy Savers Guide: Tips on Saving Money and Energy at Home: Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy Cool Roof Rating Council Database of State Incentives for Renewables & Efficiency (DSIRE) DOE Building America DOE Building Technologies Program DOE Building Technologies Program, 2010 Buildings Energy Databook DOE Energy Information Administration Residential Energy Consumption Survey DOE/EPA Fuel Economy Guide DOE Federal Energy Management Program DOE Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability ENERGY STAR® Green Roofs for Healthy Cities National Renewable Energy Laboratory

114

Technical Reference | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Reference Reference Dataset Summary Description Technical Reference for Hydrogen Compatibility of Materials Source Sandia National Laboratories Date Released June 03rd, 2010 (4 years ago) Date Updated September 27th, 2012 (2 years ago) Keywords Compatibility of Materials hydrogen NREL Sandia Technical Database Technical Reference Data application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet icon 1100_cia85_ten_fra_fat.xlsx (xlsx, 60.9 KiB) application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet icon 1100_san10_fra_fat.xlsx (xlsx, 58.5 KiB) application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet icon 1100_san10b_fra_fat.xlsx (xlsx, 59.4 KiB) application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet icon 1100_san11_fra_fat.xlsx (xlsx, 48.4 KiB)

115

NETL: Carbon Storage - Reference Shelf  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Carbon Storage > Reference Shelf Carbon Storage > Reference Shelf Carbon Storage Reference Shelf Below are links to Carbon Storage Program documents and reference materials. Each of the 10 categories has a variety of documents posted for easy access to current information - just click on the category link to view all related materials. RSS Icon Subscribe to the Carbon Storage RSS Feed. Carbon Storage Collage 2012 Carbon Utilization and Storage Atlas IV Carbon Sequestration Project Portfolio DOE/NETL Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage RD&D Roadmap Public Outreach and Education for Carbon Storage Projects Carbon Storage Technology Program Plan Carbon Storage Newsletter Archive Impact of the Marcellus Shale Gas Play on Current and Future CCS Activities Site Screening, Selection, and Initial Characterization for Storage of CO2 in Deep Geologic Formations Carbon Storage Systems and Well Management Activities Monitoring, Verification, and Accounting of CO2 Stored in Deep Geologic Formations

116

Learning to resolve bridging references  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We use machine learning techniques to find the best combination of local focus and lexical distance features for identifying the anchor of mereological bridging references. We find that using first mention, utterance distance, and lexical distance computed ...

Massimo Poesio; Rahul Mehta; Axel Maroudas; Janet Hitzeman

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

FAQS Reference Guide –Radiation Protection  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This reference guide has been developed to address the competency statements in the December 2003 edition of DOE-STD-1174-2003, Radiation Protection Functional Area Qualification Standard.

118

High-Dose Dosimetry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... web page below. Service descriptions and price schedule for NIST high-dose services are found in this link. The intention ...

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Ris Energy Report 6 References Reference list for Chapter 3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. (2007). Lessons learned from recent promotion strategies for electricity from renewables in EU countries. Report on progress in renewable electricity. Brussels. (Com(2006) 849 final). 6. Danish Energy authority. References for Chapter 5 1. Brahic, C. (2007). Europe postpones decision on car emissions. New

120

Document Number Q0029500 References  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

References References 7.0 References 10 CFR 1021. U.S. Department of Energy, "National Environmental Policy Act Implementing Procedures," Code of Federal Regzilations, January 1,2003. 10 CFR 1022. U.S. Department of Energy, "Compliance with Floodplain/Wetlands Environmental Review Requirements," Code ofFederal Regulations, January 1,2003. 33 CFR 323. Corps of Engineers, Department of the Army, "Permits for Discharges of Dredged or Fill Material Into Waters of the United States," Code ofFederal Reglllations, July 1,2002. 40 CFR 192. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, "Health and Environmental Protection Standards for Uranium and Thorium Mill Tailings," Code of FederalReglrlations, July 1,2002. 40 CFR 230. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, "Section 404(b)(l) Guidelines for

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rfd reference dose" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Microsoft Word - references.doc  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

References May 2005 References May 2005 2004 Site Environmental Report R-1 References Facemire, D. F., S. I. Guttman, D. R. Osborne, and R. H. Sperger, 1990, "Biological and Ecological Site Characterization of the Feed Materials Production Center," FMPC-SUB 018, prepared for Westinghouse Materials Co. of Ohio, Cincinnati, OH. GeoSyntec, 1996, "Impacted Material Placement Plan, On-site Disposal Facility," 20100-PL-007, Revision 3, PCN 2, Prepared for the Fernald Environmental Management Project, DOE, Fernald Area Office, Cincinnati, OH, March. International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP), 1994a, "Human Respiratory Tract Model for Radiation Protection," ICRP Publication 66. International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP), 1994b, "Protection Against Radon-222

122

SCIENTIFIC CORRESPONDENCE Radiation doses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-- ation doses and cancer rates to the workers m the first Soviet atom-bomb facility, near 2 Chelyabinsk-dose groups. Unfortunately, they did not report the number in the workforce. Pending release of the full data' Forschungsergebmsse All (1972). 2.Hunter J. R.. Unesco Reports m Marine Soence 28, (1984). 3. Hassan. E. M. & Hassan

Shlyakhter, Ilya

123

Chassis Dynamometer Testing Reference Document  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Chassis Dynamometer Testing Chassis Dynamometer Testing Reference Document Downloadable Dynamometer Database www.transportation.anl.gov/D3/ Argonne, IL July, 2013 Henning Lohse-Busch, Ph.D. Kevin Stutenberg, Mike Duoba, Eric Rask, Forrest Jehlik and Glenn Keller Advanced Powertrain Research Facility Overview  This is a reference document explaining the facility and processes used to generate the data available from Argonne National Laboratory's (ANL) Downloadable Dynamometer Database (D 3 ).  Content - Advanced Powertrain Research Facility (APRF) - Chassis Dynamometer Testing Basics - Overview of Classic Drive Cycles - Test Condition and Test Sequences - Data Acquisition System and General Instrumentation Overview

124

Underground Transmission Systems Reference Book  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Underground Transmission Systems Reference Book covers all stages of cable system design and operation, from initial planning studies to failure analysis. It contains contributions from many of the industry's experts and represents practices from all parts of the United States.

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

The HOL Light System REFERENCE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This volume is the reference manual for the HOL Light system. In contrast to the Tutorial, it is mainly intended for reference purposes, though some readers will find it productive to browse through it as part of the learning process. The main entries for the reference manual are generated from the same database that is used by the online HOL Light help system. The entries that follow provide documentation on essentially all the pre-defined ML variable bindings in the HOL Light system. These include: general-purpose functions, such as ML functions for list processing, arithmetic, input/output, and interface configuration; functions for processing the types and terms of the HOL logic and for using the subgoal package; primitive and derived forward inference rules; tactics and tacticals; and pre-proved built-in theorems. The manual entries for these ML identifiers are divided into two chapters. The first chapter is an alphabetical sequence of manual entries for all ML identifiers in the system except those identifiers that are bound to theorems (or pairs of theorems, etc.) The theorems are listed in the second chapter, roughly grouped into sections based on subject matter. Our documentation does not cover basic functions in the OCaml toplevel, such as addition, string concatenation etc. In fact, relatively few native OCaml functions are used, and those are all documented in the Objective CAML Reference Manual:

Tom Melham; Larry Paulson The Typeset

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

High dose per fraction dosimetry of small fields with Gafchromic EBT2 film  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Small field dosimetry is prone to uncertainties due to the lack of electronic equilibrium and the use of the correct detector size relative to the field size measured. It also exhibits higher sensitivity to setup errors as well as large variation in output with field size and shape. Radiochromic film is an attractive method for reference dosimetry in small fields due to its ability to provide 2D dose measurements while having minimal impact on the dose distribution. Gafchromic EBT2 has a dose range of up to 40 Gy; therefore, it could potentially be useful for high dose reference dosimetry with high spatial resolution. This is a requirement in stereotactic radiosurgery deliveries, which deliver high doses per fraction to small targets. Methods: Targets of 4 mm and 12 mm diameters were treated to a minimum peripheral dose of 21 Gy prescribed to 80% of the maximum dose in one fraction. Target doses were measured with EBT2 film (both targets) and an ion chamber (12 mm target only). Measured doses were compared with planned dose distributions using profiles through the target and minimum peripheral dose coverage. Results: The measured target doses and isodose coverage agreed with the planned dose within {+-}1 standard deviation of three measurements, which were 2.13% and 2.5% for the 4 mm and 12 mm targets, respectively. Conclusions: EBT2 film is a feasible dosimeter for high dose per fraction reference 2D dosimetry.

Hardcastle, Nicholas; Basavatia, Amar; Bayliss, Adam; Tome, Wolfgang A. [Department of Human Oncology, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53792 and Centre for Medical Radiation Physics, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, New South Wales, Australia 2515 (Australia); Department of Human Oncology, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53792 (United States); Department of Human Oncology, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53792 (United States); Departments of Human Oncology, Medical Physics, and Biomedical Engineering, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53792 and Centre for Medical Radiation Physics, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, New South Wales, Australia 2515 (Australia)

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

127

Clean Cities: Clean Cities Reference Materials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Reference Materials to Reference Materials to someone by E-mail Share Clean Cities: Clean Cities Reference Materials on Facebook Tweet about Clean Cities: Clean Cities Reference Materials on Twitter Bookmark Clean Cities: Clean Cities Reference Materials on Google Bookmark Clean Cities: Clean Cities Reference Materials on Delicious Rank Clean Cities: Clean Cities Reference Materials on Digg Find More places to share Clean Cities: Clean Cities Reference Materials on AddThis.com... Coordinator Basics Clean Cities Program Structure Reference Materials Technical Support Fundraising Redesignation Outreach Education & Webinars Meetings Reporting Contacts Clean Cities Reference Materials Use these reference materials-including quick-reference documents, publications, websites, and the Clean Cities Coalition Wiki-to develop

128

NETL: Reference Shelf - Techline Archive  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NETL Oil & Natural Gas Technologies Reference Shelf NETL Oil & Natural Gas Technologies Reference Shelf Archive Reports 2012: December, 2012 Final Project Report DE-NT0006554 GIS- and Web-based Water Resource Geospatial Infrastructure for Oil Shale Development [PDF-14.6MB] November, 2012 Final Project Report 08121-2902-02 Technologies of the Future for Pipeline Monitoring and Inspection [PDF-2.47MB] November, 2012 Final Project Report 07122-22 Petrophysical Studies of Unconventional Gas Reservoirs Using High-resolution Rock Imaging [PDF-27.7MB] November, 2012 Final Project Report 08122-35 The Environmentally Friendly Drilling Systems Program [PDF-4.33] October, 2012 Final Project Report DE-FE0003537 Next Generation Surfactants for Improved Chemical Flooding Technology [PDF-1.91MB] October, 2012 Final Project Report 08123-02 Field Demonstration of Alkaline Surfactant Polymer Floods in Mature Oil Reservoirs Brookshire Dome, Texas [PDF-5.06MB]

129

The Consumption of Reference Resources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Under the operational restriction of the U(1)-superselection rule, states that contain coherences between eigenstates of particle number constitute a resource. Such resources can be used to facilitate operations upon systems that otherwise cannot be performed. However, the process of doing this consumes reference resources. We show this explicitly for an example of a unitary operation that is forbidden by the U(1)-superselection rule.

G. A. White; J. A. Vaccaro; H. M. Wiseman

2008-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

130

HANFORD WASTE MINERALOGY REFERENCE REPORT  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report lists the observed mineral phases present in the Hanford tanks. This task was accomplished by performing a review of numerous reports that used experimental techniques including, but not limited to: x-ray diffraction, polarized light microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, energy dispersive spectroscopy, electron energy loss spectroscopy, and particle size distribution analyses. This report contains tables that can be used as a quick reference to identify the crystal phases observed in Hanford waste.

DISSELKAMP RS

2010-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

131

HANFORD WASTE MINEROLOGY REFERENCE REPORT  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report lists the observed mineral phase phases present in the Hanford tanks. This task was accomplished by performing a review of numerous reports using experimental techniques including, but not limited to: x-ray diffraction, polarized light microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, energy dispersive spectroscopy, electron energy loss spectroscopy, and particle size distribution analyses. This report contains tables that can be used as a quick reference to identify the crystal phases present observed in Hanford waste.

DISSELKAMP RS

2010-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

132

International Energy Outlook - Chapter References  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Chapter References Chapter References International Energy Outlook 2004 Chapter References World Energy and Economic Outlook 1. D.F. Barnes et al., “Tackling the Rural Energy Problem in Developing Countries,” Finance & Development, Vol. 34, No. 2 (June 1997), pp. 11-15. 2. A. Kirby, “Russia’s Climate Tussle Spins On,” BBC News Online (December 4, 2003). 3. A.C. Revkin, “Into Thin Air: Kyoto Accord May Not Die (or Matter),” The New York Times (December 4, 2003), p. A6. 4. The White House, Office of the Press Secretary, “President Announces Clear Skies & Global Climate Change Initiatives” (Press Release, February 14, 2002), web site www.whitehouse.gov/news/ releases/2002/02/20020214-5.html. 5. Energy Information Administration, Annual Energy Outlook 2004, DOE/EIA-0383(2004) (Washington, DC, January 2004); and Global Insight, Inc., World Overview (Lexington, MA, September 2003). India’s GDP growth rates were adjusted downward, based on the judgment of EIA analysts.

133

Microgrid cyber security reference architecture.  

SciTech Connect

This document describes a microgrid cyber security reference architecture. First, we present a high-level concept of operations for a microgrid, including operational modes, necessary power actors, and the communication protocols typically employed. We then describe our motivation for designing a secure microgrid; in particular, we provide general network and industrial control system (ICS)-speci c vulnerabilities, a threat model, information assurance compliance concerns, and design criteria for a microgrid control system network. Our design approach addresses these concerns by segmenting the microgrid control system network into enclaves, grouping enclaves into functional domains, and describing actor communication using data exchange attributes. We describe cyber actors that can help mitigate potential vulnerabilities, in addition to performance bene ts and vulnerability mitigation that may be realized using this reference architecture. To illustrate our design approach, we present a notional a microgrid control system network implementation, including types of communica- tion occurring on that network, example data exchange attributes for actors in the network, an example of how the network can be segmented to create enclaves and functional domains, and how cyber actors can be used to enforce network segmentation and provide the neces- sary level of security. Finally, we describe areas of focus for the further development of the reference architecture.

Veitch, Cynthia K.; Henry, Jordan M.; Richardson, Bryan T.; Hart, Derek H.

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Building Technologies Office: Commercial Reference Buildings  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Commercial Reference Commercial Reference Buildings to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Commercial Reference Buildings on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Commercial Reference Buildings on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Commercial Reference Buildings on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Commercial Reference Buildings on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Commercial Reference Buildings on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Commercial Reference Buildings on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Activities 179d Tax Calculator Advanced Energy Design Guides Advanced Energy Retrofit Guides Building Energy Data Exchange Specification Buildings Performance Database Data Centers Energy Asset Score

135

References and Notes for Astatine ( At )  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Version References and Notes for Astatine ( At ). Ref. ID, Reference, M64a, R. McLaughlin, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 54, 965 (1964).

136

FAQS Reference Guide - Transportation and Traffic Management...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Transportation and Traffic Management FAQS Reference Guide - Transportation and Traffic Management This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the September 2002...

137

MHK Reference Model: Relevance to Computer Simulation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

July 9 th , 2012 SAND Number: 2012-5508P MHK Reference Model: Relevance to Computer Simulation Reference Model Partners Oregon State University NNMREC University of...

138

Category:Water References | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Water References Jump to: navigation, search Pages in category "Water References" This category contains only the following page. A Assessment and Mapping of the Riverine...

139

Reference Inflow Characterization for River Resource Reference Model (RM2)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Sandia National Laboratory (SNL) is leading an effort to develop reference models for marine and hydrokinetic technologies and wave and current energy resources. This effort will allow the refinement of technology design tools, accurate estimates of a baseline levelized cost of energy (LCoE), and the identification of the main cost drivers that need to be addressed to achieve a competitive LCoE. As part of this effort, Oak Ridge National Laboratory was charged with examining and reporting reference river inflow characteristics for reference model 2 (RM2). Published turbulent flow data from large rivers, a water supply canal and laboratory flumes, are reviewed to determine the range of velocities, turbulence intensities and turbulent stresses acting on hydrokinetic technologies, and also to evaluate the validity of classical models that describe the depth variation of the time-mean velocity and turbulent normal Reynolds stresses. The classical models are found to generally perform well in describing river inflow characteristics. A potential challenge in river inflow characterization, however, is the high variability of depth and flow over the design life of a hydrokinetic device. This variation can have significant effects on the inflow mean velocity and turbulence intensity experienced by stationary and bottom mounted hydrokinetic energy conversion devices, which requires further investigation, but are expected to have minimal effects on surface mounted devices like the vertical axis turbine device designed for RM2. A simple methodology for obtaining an approximate inflow characterization for surface deployed devices is developed using the relation umax=(7/6)V where V is the bulk velocity and umax is assumed to be the near-surface velocity. The application of this expression is recommended for deriving the local inflow velocity acting on the energy extraction planes of the RM2 vertical axis rotors, where V=Q/A can be calculated given a USGS gage flow time-series and stage vs. cross-section area rating relationship.

Neary, Vincent S [ORNL

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

PVWatts Version 1 Technical Reference  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The NREL PVWatts(TM) calculator is a web application developed by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) that estimates the electricity production of a grid-connected photovoltaic system based on a few simple inputs. PVWatts combines a number of sub-models to predict overall system performance, and makes several hidden assumptions about performance parameters. This technical reference details the individual sub-models, documents assumptions and hidden parameters, and explains the sequence of calculations that yield the final system performance estimation.

Dobos, A. P.

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rfd reference dose" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Internal Dose Assessment (IDA) Spreadsheet  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of the Internal Dose Assessment (IDA) Spreadsheet is to calculate internal occupational dose following the methodology described in the EPRI Alpha Monitoring Guidelines.

2007-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

142

Emergency Responder Radioactive Material Quick Reference Sheet...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Transportation Emergency Preparedness Program (TEPP) Emergency Responder Radioactive Material Quick Reference Sheet...

143

Dose Reduction Techniques  

SciTech Connect

As radiation safety specialists, one of the things we are required to do is evaluate tools, equipment, materials and work practices and decide whether the use of these products or work practices will reduce radiation dose or risk to the environment. There is a tendency for many workers that work with radioactive material to accomplish radiological work the same way they have always done it rather than look for new technology or change their work practices. New technology is being developed all the time that can make radiological work easier and result in less radiation dose to the worker or reduce the possibility that contamination will be spread to the environment. As we discuss the various tools and techniques that reduce radiation dose, keep in mind that the radiological controls should be reasonable. We can not always get the dose to zero, so we must try to accomplish the work efficiently and cost-effectively. There are times we may have to accept there is only so much you can do. The goal is to do the smart things that protect the worker but do not hinder him while the task is being accomplished. In addition, we should not demand that large amounts of money be spent for equipment that has marginal value in order to save a few millirem. We have broken the handout into sections that should simplify the presentation. Time, distance, shielding, and source reduction are methods used to reduce dose and are covered in Part I on work execution. We then look at operational considerations, radiological design parameters, and discuss the characteristics of personnel who deal with ALARA. This handout should give you an overview of what it takes to have an effective dose reduction program.

WAGGONER, L.O.

2000-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

144

Subsurface Knowledge Reference Page | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Subsurface Knowledge Reference Page Subsurface Knowledge Reference Page Subsurface Knowledge Reference Page The below listing provides additional references related to Subsurface & Groundwater Remediation. The references are categorized by documents types (e.g., Strategic Plans, Groundwater Plume Map Booklets, etc.) and under each "document type", there is a list of documents and/or hyperlinks to a reference. The Subsurface Knowledge Reference Page will continue to reflect additional information as it is identified. Strategic Plans Scientific Opportunities to Reduce Risk in Groundwater and Soil Remediation Scientific Opportunities for Monitoring at Environmental Remediation Sites (SOMERS) Groundwater Plume Map Booklets Groundwater Contamination and Treatment at Department of Energy Sites -

145

New Robust References! | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

New Robust References! New Robust References! Home > Groups > OpenEI Community Central Jweers's picture Submitted by Jweers(83) Contributor 7 August, 2013 - 18:23 citation citing developer formatting reference Semantic Mediawiki wiki Check out the new Reference Form. Adding a reference object to OpenEI using this form is the most complete way to cite a reference. After providing the name of your reference, the form will ask for your document type. Depending on what you choose, it will ask for the information necessary to build the proper MLA citation for the reference. This citation is then available semantically as a property of the reference and can be embedded in other pages! The Cite template was developed to help with this. You can site a reference by including {{Cite|Asimov's Story|I,_Robot}}, where I,_Robot

146

External Dose Estimates from  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Appendix E External Dose Estimates from NTS Fallout E-1 #12;External Radiation Exposure as the dependence on fallout time of arrival. The most exposed individuals were outdoor workers; the least exposed was about a factor of 20 less than that from "global fallout" from high- yield weapons tests carried out

147

External Dose Estimates from  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Appendix G External Dose Estimates from Global Fallout G-1 #12;External Radiation Exposure from the fallout from all of these tests was about 0.7 mSv, about equivalent to 2-3 years of external radiation exposure from natural background. In contrast to the fallout from tests at the Nevada Test site

148

When is a dose not a dose  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although an enormous amount of progress has been made in the fields of radiation protection and risk assessment, a number of significant problems remain. The one problem which transcends all the rest, and which has been subject to considerable misunderstanding, involves what has come to be known as the 'linear non-threshold hypothesis', or 'linear hypothesis'. Particularly troublesome has been the interpretation that any amount of radiation can cause an increase in the excess incidence of cancer. The linear hypothesis has dominated radiation protection philosophy for more than three decades, with enormous financial, societal and political impacts and has engendered an almost morbid fear of low-level exposure to ionizing radiation in large segments of the population. This document presents a different interpretation of the linear hypothesis. The basis for this view lies in the evolution of dose-response functions, particularly with respect to their use initially in the context of early acute effects, and then for the late effects, carcinogenesis and mutagenesis. 11 refs., 4 figs. (MHB)

Bond, V.P.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

NETL: Gasification Systems Reference Shelf  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Shelf Shelf Gasification Systems Reference Shelf TABLE OF CONTENTS Brochures Conferences and Workshops Gasification Systems Projects National Map Gasification Systems Projects and Performers Gasification Systems Project Portfolio Gasifipedia Multi-phase Flow with Interphase eXchange (MFIX) Patents Program Presentations Project Information Projects Summary Table by State Solicitations Systems and Industry Analyses Studies Technical Presentations & Papers Technology Readiness Assessment (Comprehensive Report | Overview Report) Video, Images & Photos Gasification Plant Databases CD Icon Request Gasification Technologies Information on a CD. Gasification RSS Feed Subscribe to the Gasification RSS Feed to follow website updates. LinkedIn DOE Gasification Program Group Subscribe to the LinkedIn DOE Gasification Program group for more information and discussion.

150

The Nuclear Science References Database  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Nuclear Science References (NSR) database together with its associated Web interface, is the world's only comprehensive source of easily accessible low- and intermediate-energy nuclear physics bibliographic information for more than 210,000 articles since the beginning of nuclear science. The weekly-updated NSR database provides essential support for nuclear data evaluation, compilation and research activities. The principles of the database and Web application development and maintenance are described. Examples of nuclear structure, reaction and decay applications are specifically included. The complete NSR database is freely available at the websites of the National Nuclear Data Center http://www.nndc.bnl.gov/nsr and the International Atomic Energy Agency http://www-nds.iaea.org/nsr.

Pritychenko, B; Singh, B; Totans, J

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

NUCLEAR SCIENCE REFERENCES CODING MANUAL  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This manual is intended as a guide for Nuclear Science References (NSR) compilers. The basic conventions followed at the National Nuclear Data Center (NNDC), which are compatible with the maintenance and updating of and retrieval from the Nuclear Science References (NSR) file, are outlined. The NSR database originated at the Nuclear Data Project (NDP) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory as part of a project for systematic evaluation of nuclear structure data.1 Each entry in this computer file corresponds to a bibliographic reference that is uniquely identified by a Keynumber and is describable by a Topic and Keywords. It has been used since 1969 to produce bibliographic citations for evaluations published in Nuclear Data Sheets. Periodic additions to the file were published as the ''Recent References'' issues of Nuclear Data Sheets prior to 2005. In October 1980, the maintenance and updating of the NSR file became the responsibility of the NNDC at Brookhaven National Laboratory. The basic structure and contents of the NSR file remained unchanged during the transfer. In Chapter 2, the elements of the NSR file such as the valid record identifiers, record contents, and text fields are enumerated. Relevant comments regarding a new entry into the NSR file and assignment of a keynumber are also given in Chapter 2. In Chapter 3, the format for keyword abstracts is given followed by specific examples; for each TOPIC, the criteria for inclusion of an article as an entry into the NSR file as well as coding procedures are described. Authors preparing Keyword abstracts either to be published in a Journal (e.g., Nucl. Phys. A) or to be sent directly to NNDC (e.g., Phys. Rev. C) should follow the illustrations in Chapter 3. The scope of 1See W.B.Ewbank, ORNL-5397 (1978). the literature covered at the NNDC, the categorization into Primary and Secondary sources, etc., is discussed in Chapter 4. Useful information regarding permitted character sets, recommended abbreviations, etc., is given in the Appendices. The NSR database has been in existence for decades, and responsibility for its upkeep has passed through many hands. Those familiar with the contents of NSR will note that not all of the formats and conventions discussed in this manual have always been adhered to. In recent years, however, these conventions have been followed fairly consistently, and it is expected that the preparation of new entries will follow these guidelines. The most up-to-date information about NSR contents and policies can be found at the NSR web site: http://www.nndc.bnl.gov/nsr. This manual is an update to BNL-NCS-51800 (Rev. 08/96) by S. Ramavataram and C.L. Dunford. Discussions with Mark Kellett of the IAEA are gratefully acknowledged, as are comments and suggestions from the NNDC staff and members of the U.S. Nuclear Data Program. This manuscript has been authored by Brookhaven Science Associates, LLC under Contract No. DE-AC02-98CH1-886 with the U.S.Department of Energy.

WINCHELL,D.F.

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Dose Calculation Evolution for Internal Organ Irradiation in Humans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The International Commission of Radiation Units (ICRU) has established through the years, a discrimination system regarding the security levels on the prescription and administration of doses in radiation treatments (Radiotherapy, Brach therapy, Nuclear Medicine). The first level is concerned with the prescription and posterior assurance of dose administration to a point of interest (POI), commonly located at the geometrical center of the region to be treated. In this, the effects of radiation around that POI, is not a priority. The second level refers to the dose specifications in a particular plane inside the patient, mostly the middle plane of the lesion. The dose is calculated to all the structures in that plane regardless if they are tumor or healthy tissue. In this case, the dose is not represented by a point value, but by level curves called 'isodoses' as in a topographic map, so you can assure the level of doses to this particular plane, but it also leave with no information about how this values go thru adjacent planes. This is why the third level is referred to the volumetrical description of doses so these isodoses construct now a volume (named 'cloud') that give us better assurance about tissue irradiation around the volume of the lesion and its margin (sub clinical spread or microscopic illness). This work shows how this evolution has resulted, not only in healthy tissue protection improvement but in a rise of tumor control, quality of life, better treatment tolerance and minimum permanent secuelae.

Jimenez V, Reina A. [Universidad Central de Venezuela, Hospital Domingo Luciani, IVSS, Caracas, 1070 (Venezuela)

2007-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

153

ORISE: Dose Coefficients for Intakes of Radionuclides via Contaminated  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dose Coefficients for Intakes of Radionuclides via Contaminated Wounds Dose Coefficients for Intakes of Radionuclides via Contaminated Wounds Dose coefficients for 38 radionuclides based on NCRP Wound Model and ICRP biokinetic models This report is intended to assist health physics and medical staff in more rapidly assessing the potential dosimetric consequences of a contaminated wound. The National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements Wound Model describing the retention of selected radionuclides at the site of a contaminated wound and their uptake into the transfer compartment has been combined with the International Commission on Radiological Protection element-specific systemic models for those radionuclides to derive dose coefficients for intakes via contaminated wounds. Examples are also provided on using the dose coefficients to generate derived reference

154

Fluence-to-dose confusion regarding external stochastic dose determination within the DOE complex.  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy's (DOE) occupational radiation protection dose limits are specified in 10 CFR 835 (hereafter referred to as 'regulation'). Ambiguity in the regulation regarding designation of dose and fluence-to-dose conversion factors leads to confusion and disagreement regarding the appropriate choice of conversion factors. Three primary dose quantities of relevance are absorbed dose, D, quality factor, Q, and the product of those, called dose equivalent, H. The modifier Q is intended to express the long-term fatal cancer causing potential of different radiation types and generally increases with energy for neutrons. For photons, Q is close to unity regardless of energy. In principle, H could be estimated by incorporating a phantom and relevant Q values in a radiation-transport model. In practice, this would entail too much model complexity and computer time. The evaluator of H instead relies on pre-calculated energy-dependent fluence-to-dose conversion factors. Three primary sets of fluence-to-dose conversion factors are commonly used to determine stochastic dose for neutrons and photons: (1) ANSI/ANS-6.1.1-1977 that incorporates the NCRP-38 data for neutrons and sets based on Claiborne and Wells for photons, (2) ANSI/ANS -6.1.1-1991 that are based on and nearly identical to the neutron and photon sets in ICRP -51, and (3) neutron and photon sets in ICRP-74. The first set is maximum H values in a 30-cm diameter cylinder phantom for neutrons and in a 30-cm thick slab phantom for photons. The second set is effective dose equivalent, HE, derived from an anthropomorphic phantom by summing the products of tissue dose equivalents, HT, and tissue weighting factors, w{sub T}. The third set is effective dose, E, also derived from an anthropomorphic phantom by summing the products of H{sub T} and w{sub T}. E is functionally identical to H{sub E} except H{sub T} is the product of D and the radiation weighting factor, w{sub R}, which is similar in meaning to Q.

Shores, E. F. (Erik F.); Brown, T. H. (Thomas H.)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

ILC cryogenic systems reference design  

SciTech Connect

A Global Design Effort (GDE) began in 2005 to study a TeV scale electron-positron linear accelerator based on superconducting radio-frequency (RF) technology, called the International Linear Collider (ILC). In early 2007, the design effort culminated in a reference design for the ILC, closely based on the earlier TESLA design. The ILC will consist of two 250 GeV linacs, which provide positron-electron collisions for high energy physics research. The particle beams will be accelerated to their final energy in superconducting niobium RF cavities operating at 2 kelvin. At a length of about 12 km each, the main linacs will be the largest cryogenic systems in the ILC. Positron and electron sources, damping rings, and beam delivery systems will also have a large number and variety of other superconducting RF cavities and magnets, which require cooling at liquid helium temperatures. Ten large cryogenic plants with 2 kelvin refrigeration are envisioned to cool the main linacs and the electron and positron sources. Three smaller cryogenic plants will cool the damping rings and beam delivery system components predominately at 4.5 K. This paper describes the cryogenic systems concepts for the ILC.

Peterson, T.J.; Geynisman, M.; Klebaner, A.; Theilacker, J.; /Fermilab; Parma, V.; Tavian, L.; /CERN

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Argon Purification Reference and Recommendation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This engineering note is a reference for future consideration on the purification of argon. The original concern was for the possibility of argon contamination from components in the cryostats over long-term storage. An argon purification system could also be useful for purifying the contents of the argon dewar. The general conclusion is that most of the systems researched are too expensive at this time, but the recommended choice would be Centorr Furnaces. There were three basic types of purification systems which were to be considered. The first was the molecular sieve. This method would have been the preferred one, because it was claimed that it could purify liquid argon, removing liquid oxygen from the argon. However, none of the commercial companies researched provided this type of purification for use with liquid argon. Most companies said that this type of purification was impossible, and tests at IB-4 confirmed this. The second system contained a copper oxide to remove gaseous oxygen from argon gas. The disadvantage of this system wass that the argon had to be heated to a gas, and then cooled back down to liquid. The third system was similar to the second, except that it used tungsten or another material like titanium. This system also needed to heat the argon to gas, however the advantage of this system was that it supposedly removed all contaminants, that is, everything except for inert gases. Of the three systems, the third is the type manufactured by Centorr Furnaces, which uses a titanium charge.

Wu, J.; /Fermilab

1991-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

157

Generating Referring Expressions that Involve Gradable Properties  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article examines the role of gradable properties in referring expressions from the perspective of natural language generation. First, we propose a simple semantic analysis of vague descriptions (i.e., referring expressions that contain gradable ...

Kees van Deemter

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Forecasting with Reference to a Specific Climatology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Seasonal forecasts are most commonly issued as anomalies with respect to some multiyear reference period. However, different seasonal forecasting centers use different reference periods. This paper shows that for near-surface temperature, ...

Emily Wallace; Alberto Arribas

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

NIST Standard Reference Material/SRM product  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

*. Bookmark and Share. How do I order/price a NIST Standard Reference Material/SRM product? Ordering information is ...

2012-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

160

Environment/Climate Standard Reference Materials Portal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... more. Reference Materials and Standards for Fossil Fuels, Electric Utility Emissions, and Coal Combustion By-Products ...

2012-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rfd reference dose" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

SPC/E Water Reference Calculations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

SPC/E Water Reference Calculations - Ewald Summation. In ... 5. Sample Configurations of SPC/E Water Molecules. Four ...

2013-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

162

Bioscience & Health Standard Reference Materials Portal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Our goal is to develop advanced measurement tools and standards for measuring ... see all Bioscience & Health Standard Reference Materials ...

2013-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

163

Reference framework for E-participation projects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Accommodating the various requirements from distinct perspectives in e-participation calls for a holistic engineering approach for e-participation systems analysis and design. This paper presents research results towards a reference framework for e-participation ... Keywords: E-participation, reference framework, reference model

Sabrina Scherer; Maria A. Wimmer

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Reference: Additional Radiation Dose Information Supporting the License Amendment Request to Permit Uprated Power Operation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the referenced letter, Commonwealth Edison Company, now Exelon Generation Company (EGC), LLC, submitted a request for changes to the operating licenses and Technical Specifications for Dresden Nuclear Power Station, Units 2 and 3, and Quad Cities Nuclear Power Station, Units 1 and 2, to allow operation with an extended power uprate. In an August 7, 2001, teleconference between representatives of EGC and Mr. L. W. Rossbach and other members of the NRC, the NRC requested additional information regarding these proposed changes. The attachment to this letter provides the requested information. Should you have any questions concerning this letter, please contact Mr. A. R. Haeger at (630) 657-2807.

Exelon Genetation; K. A. Ainger

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

SITE SPECIFIC REFERENCE PERSON PARAMETERS AND DERIVED CONCENTRATION STANDARDS FOR THE SAVANNAH RIVER SITE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this report is twofold. The first is to develop a set of behavioral parameters for a reference person specific for the Savannah River Site (SRS) such that the parameters can be used to determine dose to members of the public in compliance with Department of Energy (DOE) Order 458.1 “Radiation Protection of the Public and the Environment.” A reference person is a hypothetical, gender and age aggregation of human physical and physiological characteristics arrived at by international consensus for the purpose of standardizing radiation dose calculations. DOE O 458.1 states that compliance with the annual dose limit of 100 mrem (1 mSv) to a member of the public may be demonstrated by calculating the dose to the maximally exposed individual (MEI) or to a representative person. Historically, for dose compliance, SRS has used the MEI concept, which uses adult dose coefficients and adult male usage parameters. Beginning with the 2012 annual site environmental report, SRS will be using the representative person concept for dose compliance. The dose to a representative person will be based on 1) the SRS-specific reference person usage parameters at the 95th percentile of appropriate national or regional data, which are documented in this report, 2) the reference person (gender and age averaged) ingestion and inhalation dose coefficients provided in DOE Derived Concentration Technical Standard (DOE-STD-1196-2011), and 3) the external dose coefficients provided in the DC_PAK3 toolbox. The second purpose of this report is to develop SRS-specific derived concentration standards (DCSs) for all applicable food ingestion pathways, ground shine, and water submersion. The DCS is the concentration of a particular radionuclide in water, in air, or on the ground that results in a member of the public receiving 100 mrem (1 mSv) effective dose following continuous exposure for one year. In DOE-STD-1196-2011, DCSs were developed for the ingestion of water, inhalation of air and submersion in air pathways, only. These DCSs are required by DOE O 458.1 to be used at all DOE sites in the design and conduct of radiological environmental protection programs. In this report, DCSs for the following additional pathways were considered and documented: ingestion of meat, dairy, grains, produce (fruits and vegetables), seafood, submersion in water and ground shine. These additional DCSs were developed using the same methods as in DOE-STD-1196-2011 and will be used at SRS, where appropriate, as screening and reference values.

Jannik, T.

2013-03-14T23:59:59.000Z

166

Form:Reference | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Form Form Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Form:Reference Jump to: navigation, search Input the title of a Reference below. If the reference already exists, you will be able to edit its information. Add/Edit Reference The text entered into this field will be used as the name of the reference; for example, the title of a book or name of the journal article. Example references Claritas Rise, Mars- Pre-Tharsis Magmatism? An Improved Equilibrium-Kinetics Speciation Algorithm For Redox Reactions In Variably Saturated Subsurface Flow Systems True-Temperature Determination Of Geothermal Reservoirs ... further results This form and reference requirements are based on the Council of Science Editors (CSE) (author-date) citation style. For more details about this

167

Commercial Reference Buildings | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Commercial Reference Buildings Jump to: navigation, search DOE developed Commercial Reference Buildings which provide descriptions for whole building analysis using EnergyPlus. There are 16 building types and three categories that apply to all building types. The commercial reference buildings were developed across 16 reference locations. Contents 1 Building Types 2 Construction Categories 3 Climate Zones Used to Create Reference Buildings 4 References Building Types DOE developed 16 Commercial Reference Building Types[1] , which represent approximately 70% of the commercial buildings in the U.S. [2]. Whole

168

Template:Reference | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Template Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Template:Reference Jump to: navigation, search This is the Reference template. To define/cite a new reference using CSE citation format, please use the Reference form. Parameters Name - The name or title of the reference material Document_type - The type of reference material (allowable values) InfographicType - The type of infographic if Info Grahpic/Map/Chart is the selected Document_type ThesisDissertation - Determines thesis or dissertation (Thesis/Dissertation) Authors - Comma delimited list of people who authored the reference material (required for Books, Conference Papers and Proceedings, Journal

169

Operational dose rate visualization techniques  

SciTech Connect

The analysis of the gamma ray dose rate in the vicinity of a radiation source can be greatly aided by the use of recent state-of-the-art visualization techniques. The method involves calculating dose rates at thousands of locations within a complex geometry system. This information is then processed to create contour plots of the dose rate. Additionally, when these contour plots are created, animations can be created that dynamically display the dose rate as the shields or sources are moved.

Schwarz, R.A.; Morford, R.J.; Carter, L.L.; Jones, G.B.; Greenborg, J.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project is to estimate the radiation doses that individuals and populations could have received from nuclear operations at Hanford since 1944. The project is divided into the following technical tasks. These tasks correspond to the path radionuclides followed, from release to impact on humans (dose estimates): Source terms; environmental transport environmental monitoring data; demographics, agriculture, food habits; environmental pathways and dose estimates.

Finch, S.M.; McMakin, A.H. (comps.)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Reference Radiation for Cosmic Rays in RBE Research  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

When astronauts travel in space, they are exposed to high energy cosmic radiations. The cosmic ray spectrum contains very high energy particles, generally up to several GeV per nucleon. Currently NASA is funding research on the effects, such as acute radiation sickness, of cosmic radiation. Animal models are used to conduct the studies of radiation effects of particles in the range of several MeV/nucleon to about 1000 MeV/nucleon. In order to compare different radiations, the biological effectiveness relative to a specific radiation is usually used. For low energy heavy ions and neutrons 250 keV photons are usually used for the reference radiation but their depth dose distribution is very different from that for cosmic rays. In this research, the advantages of using high energy electrons as the reference radiation for research on cosmic radiation were demonstrated. The conclusion is based on the evaluation of the dose distributions and microdosimetric spectra of the electrons and high energy protons as a function of depth in a tissue equivalent absorber as determined by Geant4 simulation.

Feng, Shaoyong

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Commercial Reference Buildings | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Buildings » Research Projects » Commercial Reference Buildings » Research Projects » Commercial Reference Buildings Commercial Reference Buildings The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), in conjunction with three of its national laboratories, developed commercial reference buildings, formerly known as commercial building benchmark models. These reference buildings play a critical role in the program's energy modeling software research by providing complete descriptions for whole building energy analysis using EnergyPlus simulation software. There are 16 building types that represent approximately 70% of the commercial buildings in the U.S., according to the report published by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory titled U.S. Department of Energy Commercial Reference Building Models of the National Building Stock. These

173

Existing Commercial Reference Buildings Constructed Before 1980 |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Existing Commercial Reference Buildings Constructed Before 1980 Existing Commercial Reference Buildings Constructed Before 1980 Existing Commercial Reference Buildings Constructed Before 1980 The files on this page contain commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed before 1980, organized by building type and location. These U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) reference buildings are complete descriptions for whole building energy analysis. You can also return to a summary of building types and climate zones and information about other building vintages. These files are updated regularly. There are two versions of these files on this page. Version 1.3_5.0 was updated September 27, 2010 and Version 1.4_7.2 was updated November 13, 2012. You can also view related resources: an archive of past reference buildings files

174

Low Dose Radiation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ancient Salt Beds Ancient Salt Beds Repository Science Renewable Energy The WIPP Underground may be ideal to study effects of Very Low Dose Rates on Biological Systems Low Background Radiation Experiment We're all bathing in it. It's in the food we eat, the water we drink, the soil we tread and even the air we breathe. It's background radiation, it's everywhere and we can't get away from it. But what would happen if you somehow "pulled the plug" on natural background radiation? Would organisms suffer or thrive if they grew up without their constant exposure to background radiation? That's what a consortium of scientists conducting an experiment at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant aim to find out. Despite being an underground repository for transuranic radioactive waste,

175

Standardized radiological dose evaluations  

SciTech Connect

Following the end of the Cold War, the mission of Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site changed from production of nuclear weapons to cleanup. Authorization baseis documents for the facilities, primarily the Final Safety Analysis Reports, are being replaced with new ones in which accident scenarios are sorted into coarse bins of consequence and frequency, similar to the approach of DOE-STD-3011-94. Because this binning does not require high precision, a standardized approach for radiological dose evaluations is taken for all the facilities at the site. This is done through a standard calculation ``template`` for use by all safety analysts preparing the new documents. This report describes this template and its use.

Peterson, V.L.; Stahlnecker, E.

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Low Dose Radiation Exposure: Exploring Bystander Effects In Vivo.  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Exposure: Exploring Bystander Effects Exposure: Exploring Bystander Effects In Vivo. 1 Blyth, B.J., 1 Sykes, P.J. 1 Department of Haematology and Genetic Pathology, Flinders University and Medical Centre, Bedford Park, South Australia, 5042, The general population is daily exposed to chronic, low doses of ionizing radiation from both natural and artificial sources. The shape of the radiation dose-response curve at these low doses is currently linearly extrapolated from data obtained after high dose exposure due to the low sensitivity of traditional biological assays after near-background exposures. At odds with this Linear No-Threshold model, are the phenomena collectively referred to as the radiation-induced bystander effect. The bystander effect describes a collection of in vitro

177

FACILITY MAINTENANCE MANAGEMENT QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Facility Facility Maintenance Management Qualification Standard Reference Guide NOVEMBER 2009 Table of Contents i FIGURES...................................................................................................................................... iv TABLES........................................................................................................................................ iv ACRONYMS ................................................................................................................................. v PURPOSE...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ...........................................................................................................................................

178

ENVIRONMENTAL COMPLIANCE QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Environmental Environmental Compliance Qualification Standard Reference Guide DECEMBER 2011 Table of Contents i LIST OF FIGURES ..................................................................................................................... iii LIST OF TABLES ....................................................................................................................... iii ACRONYMS ................................................................................................................................ iv PURPOSE ...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ........................................................................................................................................... 1

179

ENVIRONMENTAL RESTORATION QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Restoration Qualification Standard Reference Guide NOVEMBER 2009 i Table of Contents i FIGURES...................................................................................................................................... iv TABLES........................................................................................................................................ iv ACRONYMS ................................................................................................................................. v PURPOSE...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ...........................................................................................................................................

180

CRITICALITY SAFETY QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Criticality Criticality Safety Qualification Standard Reference Guide APRIL 2011 This page is intentionally blank. Table of Contents i FIGURES ...................................................................................................................................... iii PURPOSE ...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ........................................................................................................................................... 1 PREFACE ...................................................................................................................................... 1 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ......................................................................................................... 2

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rfd reference dose" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

NIST Standard Reference Databases: Surface Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Standard Reference Data, NIST: 100 Bureau Drive, Stop 2300 Gaithersburg, MD 20899-2300 Tel: 301-975-2208 Fax: 301-926-0416. ... Surface Data. ...

2012-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

182

New Reference Standards for Digital Mammography  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

New Reference Standards for Digital Mammography. ... The NIST 100 kV tungsten anode x-ray unit and the Ritz primary standard free-air ionization ...

2013-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

183

A New Solar Irradiance Reference Spectrum  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

A New Solar Irradiance Reference Spectrum Pilewskie, Peter University of Colorado Fontenla, Juan LASP University of Colorado Harder, Jerry LASP University of Colorado Category:...

184

EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Emergency Emergency Management Qualification Standard Reference Guide JUNE 2009 Table of Contents i LIST OF FIGURES ...................................................................................................................... ii LIST OF TABLES ........................................................................................................................ ii ACRONYMS .................................................................................................................................. i PURPOSE...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ...........................................................................................................................................

185

Uranium Certified Reference Materials Price List  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Safety & Health spacer Office of Science Chicago Office - New Brunswick Laboratory Uranium Certified Reference Materials Price List Return to Price List Page NOTE: These costs...

186

NIST Standard Reference Database 1A  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... These terms may refer to the whole product (NIST 11 ... bar of the Librarian tab to enter the m ... The User spectrum Search and the Structure Search are ...

2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

187

Annual Energy Outlook 2011 Reference Case  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Title: Annual Energy Outlook 2011 Reference Case Author: USCX Last modified by: CH4 Created Date: 4/11/2011 8:46:50 PM Document presentation format

188

Portfolio Manager Technical Reference: Canadian National Energy...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Home Buildings & Plants Portfolio Manager Technical Reference: Canadian National Energy Use Intensity Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login...

189

NIST Transfer radiometers and reference detectors  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... We are presently developing a pair of next generation reference detectors: an ... development for use as a primary standard in low power calibrations. ...

2013-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

190

Recycling in America: A Reference Handbook  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and academic libraries, the handbook presents a nontechnicalRecycling in America: A Reference Handbook Patricia Murphy Handbook (Contemporary World Issues

Murphy, Patricia

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Smithells Metals Reference Book (8th Edition)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 12, 2007 ... This comprehensive reference provides data on all key aspects of metallic materials, including narrative information on metallurgical and ...

192

FAQS Reference Guide – Nuclear Safety Specialist  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the November 2007 edition of DOE-STD-1183-2007, Nuclear Safety Specialist Functional Area Qualification Standard.

193

International linear collider reference design report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for the Baseline cost estimate, may eventually prove bene?Reference Design and associated cost estimate began. The GDEand reviewing the cost estimate. • A Design and Cost Board (

Aarons, G.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

NIST Photoionization of CO2 References  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... A. Dalgarno and JL Fox, Unimolecular and Bimolecular Ion-Molecule ... references on CO 2 research using electron energy loss spectroscopy. ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

195

References and Notes for Astatine ( At )  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Switch to Formatted Version References and Notes for Astatine ( At ). M64a R. McLaughlin, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 54, 965 (1964).

196

NETL: Climate Change Policy Support: Reference Shelf  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Climate Change Policy Support Reference Shelf NETL-sponsored Symposia at the AAAS Annual Meeting Battery-Powered Electric and Hybrid Electric Vehicle Projects to Reduce Greenhouse...

197

FAQS Reference Guide – Safeguards and Security  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the May 2009 edition of DOE-STD-1171-2009, Safeguards and Security Functional Area Qualification Standard.

198

NISTIR 7617, Mobile Forensic Reference Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The SIM1.xml and SIM2.xml files contain basic reference data cases, while SIM3.xml contains unconventional data cases under consideration and ...

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

FAQS Reference Guide – Criticality Safety (NNSA)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This reference guide has been developed to address the competency statements in DOE-STD-1173-2009, Criticality Safety Functional Area Qualification Standard.

200

Category:Hydrogen References | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hydrogen References Jump to: navigation, search This category currently contains no pages or media. Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleCategory:HydrogenReferen...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rfd reference dose" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Property:ReferenceGenre | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

genre or subcategory label of reference material. Allows Values Buildings;Geothermal;Hydrogen;Smart Grid;Solar;Utilities;Water;Wind Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgw...

202

FAQS Reference Guide – Weapon Quality Assurance  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the August 2008 edition of DOE-STD-1025-2008, Weapon Quality Assurance Functional Area Qualification Standard.

203

FAQS Reference Guide – NNSA Package Certification Engineer  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the February 2009 edition of DOE-STD-1026-2009, NNSA Package Certification Engineer Functional Area Qualification Standard.

204

Reference Number PCR Kit Name Manufacturer Kit ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. Reference Number PCR Kit Name Manufacturer Kit Description 1 Profiler Life Technologies AmpFlSTR® Profiler® (Part number 403038) ...

2013-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

205

Emergency Responder Radioactive Material Quick Reference Sheet...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

This job aid is a quick reference to assist emergency responders in identifying preliminary safety precautions that should be taken during the initial response phase after arrival...

206

Low Dose Radiation Program: Links - Low Dose Research in Japan...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Low Dose Research in Japan-Institutes and Facilities Atomic Bomb Disease Institute, Nagasaki University Institute for Environmental Sciences (IES) National Institute of...

207

Low Dose Radiation Research Program: Low Dose Radiation Research...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Low Dose Radiation Research: Outreach and Resources Authors: Antone L. Brooks and Lezlie A. Couch Institution: Washington State University Tri-Cities, Richland, Washington The...

208

Archived Reference Building Type: Outpatient health care  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed in or after 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

209

Archived Reference Building Type: Outpatient health care  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed before 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary ofbuilding types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

210

EPRI Live Working Reference Book, Third Edition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report is a fully revised, updated, and expanded edition of the EPRI Live Working Reference Book, Second Edition (1024479), published by EPRI in 2011. The EPRI Live Working Reference Book, Third Edition provides the utility industry with a single, comprehensive, updated guidebook on live working standards, tools, and procedures. Results and ...

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

211

EPRI Live Working Reference Book, Ed. 4  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report is a fully revised, updated, and expanded edition of the EPRI Live Working Reference Book, Third Edition (1024142), published by EPRI in 2012. The EPRI Live Working Reference Book, Fourth Edition (3002000891) provides the utility industry with a single, comprehensive, updated guidebook on live working standards, tools, and procedures.BackgroundDeregulation demands higher levels of ...

2013-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

212

Flexible reference trace reduction for VM simulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The unmanageably large size of reference traces has spurred the development of sophisticated trace reduction techniques. In this article we present two new algorithms for trace reduction: Safely Allowed Drop (SAD) and Optimal LRU Reduction ... Keywords: cache hierarchies, locality, reference traces, trace compression, trace reduction

Scott F. Kaplan; Yannis Smaragdakis; Paul R. Wilson

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Property:Reference material | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Reference material Reference material Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Reference material Property Type Page Description The reference material used or cited in the work, activity or concept which is the subject of the page. Pages using the property "Reference material" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 2 2-M Probe At Alum Area (Kratt, Et Al., 2010) + Boom And Bust With The Latest 2M Temperature Surveys- Dead Horse Wells, Hawthorne Army Depot, Terraced Hills, And Other Areas In Nevada + 2-M Probe At Astor Pass Area (Kratt, Et Al., 2010) + Boom And Bust With The Latest 2M Temperature Surveys- Dead Horse Wells, Hawthorne Army Depot, Terraced Hills, And Other Areas In Nevada + 2-M Probe At Black Warrior Area (DOE GTP) + GTP ARRA Spreadsheet +

214

Category:Reference Materials | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Category Category Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Category:Reference Materials (Redirected from Reference Materials) Jump to: navigation, search This is a deprecated subcategory. All Reference Materials will be converted to References. Pages in category "Reference Materials" The following 200 pages are in this category, out of 2,265 total. (previous 200) (next 200) 1 10 CFR § 1021 2 2-D Magnetotellurics At The Geothermal Site At Soultz-Sous-Forets- Resistivity Distribution To About 3000 M Depth 2.8-Ma Ash-Flow Caldera At Chegem River In The Northern Caucasus Mountains (Russia), Contemporaneous Granites, And Associated Ore Deposits 238U Decay Series Systematics Of Young Lavas From Batur Volcano, Sunda Arc 2D Joint Inversion Of Dc And Scalar Audio-Magnetotelluric Data In The Evaluation Of Low Enthalpy Geothermal Fields

215

Dose Ranges Chart - May 2010  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Charged particle event (Solar flare) dose on moon, no shielding Total Body Irradiation (TBI) Therapy Cancer Epidemiology 3 2 6 1 5 4 Natural background, USA average ...

216

ORISE: Dose modeling and assessments  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

or state regulatory compliance requirements are being met during the decontamination and decommissioning of nuclear facilities. Dose modeling is an important step in the...

217

Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project is to estimate the radiation doses that individuals and populations could have received from nuclear operations at Hanford since 1944. The project is being managed and conducted by the Battelle Pacific Northwest Laboratories under contract with the Centers for Disease Control. The independent Technical Steering Panel (TSP) provides technical direction. The project is divided into the following technical tasks. These tasks correspond to the path radionuclides followed, from release to impact on humans (dose estimates): source terms; environmental transport; environmental monitoring data; demography, food consumption, and agriculture; environmental pathways and dose estimates.

Finch, S.M.; McMakin, A.H. (comps.)

1992-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Low Dose Radiation Program: 2010 Low Dose Radiation Research Program  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Low Dose Radiation Research Program Investigators' Workshop Low Dose Radiation Research Program Investigators' Workshop »» Event Slide Show More than 150 people attended this year's workshop, held April 12-14 at the Renaissance M Street Hotel in Washington, D.C. In addition to 34 plenary talks and more than 70 poster presentations made by the program investigators, participants heard guest speakers from the National Cancer Institute and from sister low-dose programs in Europe and Japan. Remarks from DOE Dr. Anna Palmisano, Associate Director, Office of Science, Director for Biological and Environmental Research (BER), welcomed the meeting participants, thanked Low Dose Radiation Research Program Manager Dr. Noelle Metting for her leadership, and acknowledged the importance of the Low Dose Program to DOE because of its unique focus and important role. She

219

Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City:...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

& Publications Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 2A Houston, Texas Reference Buildings by Building Type: Small Hotel Reference Buildings by Climate Zone...

220

Microsoft Word - Cross Reference Matrix Introduction.doc | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Microsoft Word - Cross Reference Matrix Introduction.doc Microsoft Word - Cross Reference Matrix Introduction.doc Microsoft Word - Cross Reference Matrix Introduction.doc More...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rfd reference dose" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Microsoft Word - Cross Reference Matrix Introduction.doc | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cross Reference Matrix Introduction.doc Microsoft Word - Cross Reference Matrix Introduction.doc Microsoft Word - Cross Reference Matrix Introduction.doc More Documents &...

222

Category:References | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Category Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Category:References Jump to: navigation, search Add a new Reference. Subcategories This category has the following 9 subcategories, out of 9 total. B [×] Buildings References‎ G [×] Geothermal References‎ 290 pages H [×] Hydrogen References‎ R [×] Reference Materials‎ 2265 pages S [×] Smart Grid References‎ [×] Solar References‎ 1 pages U [×] Utilities References‎ W [×] Water References‎ 2 pages [×] Wind References‎ 1 pages Pages in category "References" The following 200 pages are in this category, out of 295 total. (previous 200) (next 200)

223

AVIATION SAFETY OFFICER QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Safety Safety Officer Qualification Standard Reference Guide MARCH 2010 i This page is intentionally blank. Table of Contents ii LIST OF FIGURES ..................................................................................................................... iii LIST OF TABLES ....................................................................................................................... iii ACRONYMS ............................................................................................................................... iv PURPOSE...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ...........................................................................................................................................

224

NETL: Methane Hydrates - Methane Hydrate Reference Shelf  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Reference Shelf Reference Shelf The Methane Hydrate Reference Shelf was created to provide a repository for information collected from projects funded as part of the National Methane Hydrate R&D Program. As output from the projects is received, it will be reviewed and then placed onto the reference shelf to be available to other methane hydrate researchers. Projects: DOE/NETL Projects : These pages contain detailed information on methane hydrate projects funded through the National Energy Technology Laboratory. Publications: Newsletter | Bibliography | Software | Reports | Program Publications | Photo Gallery Newsletter: Fire in the Ice: A publication highlighting the National Methane Hydrate R&D Program Bibliography: "Project Reports Bibliography"[PDF]: The bibliography lists publications resulting from DOE/NETL-sponsored

225

TECHNICAL TRAINING QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Technical Technical Training Qualification Standard Reference Guide December 2009 This page is intentionally blank. Table of Contents i LIST OF FIGURES ...................................................................................................................... ii LIST OF TABLES ........................................................................................................................ ii ACRONYMS ................................................................................................................................ iii PURPOSE...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ...........................................................................................................................................

226

WEAPONS QUALITY ASSURANCE QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Weapon Weapon Quality Assurance Qualification Standard Reference Guide AUGUST 2009 This page is intentionally blank. Table of Contents i LIST OF FIGURES ...................................................................................................................... ii LIST OF TABLES ........................................................................................................................ ii ACRONYMS ................................................................................................................................ iv PURPOSE...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ...........................................................................................................................................

227

SAFEGUARDS AND SECURITY QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and Security Qualification Standard Reference Guide OCTOBER 2010 This page is intentionally blank. Table of Contents i LIST OF TABLES ........................................................................................................................ v ACRONYMS ................................................................................................................................ vi PURPOSE ...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ........................................................................................................................................... 1 PREFACE ...................................................................................................................................... 1

228

GENERAL TECHNICAL BASE QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

General General Technical Base Qualification Standard Reference Guide MARCH 2012 This page is intentionally blank. Table of Contents i FIGURES ...................................................................................................................................... iii TABLES ........................................................................................................................................ iii ACRONYMS ................................................................................................................................ iv PURPOSE ...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ........................................................................................................................................... 1

229

NUCLEAR SAFETY SPECIALIST QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Nuclear Nuclear Safety Specialist Qualification Standard Reference Guide AUGUST 2008 This page is intentionally blank. i Table of Contents LIST OF FIGURES ..................................................................................................................... iv LIST OF TABLES ........................................................................................................................ v ACRONYMS ................................................................................................................................ vi PURPOSE...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ...........................................................................................................................................

230

Fire Protection Engineering Qualification Standard Reference Guide  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fire Protection Fire Protection Engineering Qualification Standard Reference Guide SEPTEMBER 2009 This page is intentionally blank. Table of Contents i ACRONYMS ................................................................................................................................. ii PURPOSE.......................................................................................................................................1 SCOPE ............................................................................................................................................1 PREFACE.......................................................................................................................................1 TECHNICAL COMPETENCIES................................................................................................3

231

WASTE MANAGEMENT QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Qualification Standard Qualification Standard Reference Guide August 2010 Waste Management This page is intentionally blank. Table of Contents iii LIST OF FIGURES ..................................................................................................................... iv LIST OF TABLES ........................................................................................................................ v ACRONYMS ................................................................................................................................ vi PURPOSE ...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ........................................................................................................................................... 1

232

OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Qualification Standard Qualification Standard Reference Guide JULY 2011 Occupational Safety This page is intentionally blank. Table of Contents i FIGURES ...................................................................................................................................... iii TABLES ........................................................................................................................................ iv ACRONYMS ................................................................................................................................. v PURPOSE ...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ........................................................................................................................................... 1

233

NEWTON's Environmental and Earth Science References  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Environmental and Earth Science References Environmental and Earth Science References Do you have a great reference link? Please click our Ideas page. Featured Reference Links: >NASA's Earth Science Division NASA's Earth Science Division Find the answers to the big questions of Earth Science such as "How is the World Changing?" The information and articles are provided by NASA's Earth Science Division Geology.com Resources Teaching Earth Science - Geology.com Geology.com provides news and information about Geology and Earth Science. It has a teacher resource section as well, which provides a collection of classroom activities and lesson plans, for earth science in the classroom. IRIS's Seismographs in Schools Program IRIS's Seismographs in Schools Program Discover tools to share seismic data in real-time, classroom activities, and technical support documents for seismic instruments.

234

INDUSTRIAL HYGIENE QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Industrial Industrial Hygiene Qualification Standard Reference Guide DECEMBER 2009 This page is intentionally blank. Table of Contents i LIST OF FIGURES ...................................................................................................................... ii LIST OF TABLES ........................................................................................................................ ii ACRONYMS ................................................................................................................................ iv PURPOSE...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ...........................................................................................................................................

235

Category:Reference Materials | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Category Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Category:Reference Materials Jump to: navigation, search This is a deprecated subcategory. All Reference Materials will be converted to References. Pages in category "Reference Materials" The following 200 pages are in this category, out of 2,265 total. (previous 200) (next 200) 1 10 CFR § 1021 2 2-D Magnetotellurics At The Geothermal Site At Soultz-Sous-Forets- Resistivity Distribution To About 3000 M Depth 2.8-Ma Ash-Flow Caldera At Chegem River In The Northern Caucasus Mountains (Russia), Contemporaneous Granites, And Associated Ore Deposits 238U Decay Series Systematics Of Young Lavas From Batur Volcano, Sunda Arc

236

CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Construction Construction Management Qualification Standard Reference Guide August 2009 This page is intentionally blank. Table of Contents i LIST OF FIGURES ..................................................................................................................... iv LIST OF TABLES ........................................................................................................................ v ACRONYMS ................................................................................................................................ vi PURPOSE...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ...........................................................................................................................................

237

RADIATION PROTECTION QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Radiation Radiation Protection Qualification Standard Reference Guide MARCH 2009 ii This page intentionally left blank iii Table of Contents LIST OF FIGURES ..................................................................................................................... iv LIST OF TABLES ....................................................................................................................... iv ACRONYMS, ABBREVIATIONS and SYMBOLS ................................................................. v PURPOSE...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ...........................................................................................................................................

238

An expectation model of referring expressions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis introduces EMRE, an expectation-based model of referring expressions. EMRE is proposed as a model of non-syntactic dependencies - in particular, discourse-level semantic dependencies that bridge sentence gaps. ...

Kræmer, John, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Building Technologies Office: Existing Commercial Reference Buildings...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

You can also view related resources: an archive of past reference buildings files a ZIP file containing the TMY2 weather data that were used to generate the following...

240

DISCLAIMER Commercial equipment and software referred to ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 118? • Field 2, 2.5 nm cells, 8-dot exchange: 71.9? • Field 2, 3.125 nm cells, 4-ang exchange: 48.1? Exchange reference: ...

2008-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rfd reference dose" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Computational generation of referring expressions: A survey  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article offers a survey of computational research on referring expression generation (REG). It introduces the REG problem and describes early work in this area, discussing what basic assumptions lie behind it, and showing how its remit has widened ...

Emiel Krahmer; Kees van Deemter

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Javarifier : inference of reference immutability in Java  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Javari is an extension of Java that supports reference immutability constraints. Programmers write Javari type qualifiers, such as the readonly type qualifier, in their programs, and the Javari typechecker detects mutation ...

Quinonez, Jamie

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

243

Excepted Service EJ and EK Desk Reference  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Excepted Service EJ and EK Desk Reference is designed to provide the framework, in conjunction, with the DOE O 329.1 (Excepted Service Authorities for EJ and EK Pay Plans). Specifically, the...

244

First Edition Underground Distribution Reference Book  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) is developing a first edition of the Underground Distribution Systems Reference (Bronze Book). This report will join the EPRI series of transmission and distribution technical reference reports, commonly known by the color of their covers. The report will be a desk and field compendium on the general principles involved in the planning, design, manufacture, installation design, installation, testing, operation, and maintenance of underground distribution syste...

2009-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

245

Computer Forensic Reference Data Sets (CFReDS)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Computer Forensic Reference Data Sets. Summary: ... NIST is developing Computer Forensic Reference Data Sets (CFReDS) for digital evidence. ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

246

Preliminary dose assessment of the Chernobyl accident  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

From the major accident at Unit 4 of the Chernobyl nuclear power station, a plume of airborne radioactive fission products was initially carried northwesterly toward Poland, thence toward Scandinavia and into Central Europe. Reports of the levels of radioactivity in a variety of media and of external radiation levels were collected in the Department of Energy's Emergency Operations Center and compiled into a data bank. Portions of these and other data which were obtained directly from published and official reports were utilized to make a preliminary assessment of the extent and magnitude of the external dose to individuals downwind from Chernobyl. Radioactive /sup 131/I was the predominant fission product. The time of arrival of the plume and the maximum concentrations of /sup 131/I in air, vegetation and milk and the maximum reported depositions and external radiation levels have been tabulated country by country. A large amount of the total activity in the release was apparently carried to a significant elevation. The data suggest that in areas where rainfall occurred, deposition levels were from ten to one-hundred times those observed in nearby ''dry'' locations. Sufficient spectral data were obtained to establish average release fractions and to establish a reference spectra of the other nuclides in the release. Preliminary calculations indicated that the collective dose equivalent to the population in Scandinavia and Central Europe during the first year after the Chernobyl accident would be about 8 x 10/sup 6/ person-rem. From the Soviet report, it appears that a first year population dose of about 2 x 10/sup 7/ person-rem (2 x 10/sup 5/ Sv) will be received by the population who were downwind of Chernobyl within the U.S.S.R. during the accident and its subsequent releases over the following week. 32 refs., 14 figs., 20 tabs.

Hull, A.P.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Low Dose Radiation Research Program: Low-Dose Dose-Response of  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Low-Dose Dose-Response of Proliferating Human Cells Exposed to Low Low-Dose Dose-Response of Proliferating Human Cells Exposed to Low Dose Rate g-Radiation. Authors: Louise Enns,1 Michael Weinfeld,1 Albert Murtha,1 and Kenneth Bogen2 Institutions: 1Cross Cancer Institute and 2Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Clinical and environmental exposure to ionizing radiation rarely exceeds 200 cGy. To examine cell proliferation at early times (up to 5 days) post-irradiation, we are utilizing an assay in which single cells encapsulated within ~30- to 70-µm-diameter agarose gel microdrops (GMDs) are exposed and cultured for 4 days at 37°C, then analyzed by flow cytometry (FC). Clonogenic proliferation is measured as the fraction of occupied GMDs containing multicellular microcolonies after 4 days in culture. This assay was applied to human A549 lung cells exposed to gamma

248

Commercial Reference Building: Hospital | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

09 09 Varnish cache server Browse Upload data GDR 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142278309 Varnish cache server Commercial Reference Building: Hospital Dataset Summary Description Commercial reference buildings provide complete descriptions for whole building energy analysis using EnergyPlus simulation software. Included here is data pertaining to the reference building type Hospital for each of the 16 climate zones, and each of three construction categories: new construction, post-1980 construction existing buildings, pre-1980 construction existing buildings.The dataset includes four key components: building summary, zone summary, location summary and a picture. Building summary includes details about: form, fabric, and HVAC. Zone summary includes details such as: area, volume, lighting, and occupants for all types of zones in the building. Location summary includes key building information as it pertains to each climate zone, including: fabric and HVAC details, utility costs, energy end use, and peak energy demand.In total, DOE developed 16 reference building types that represent approximately 70% of commercial buildings in the U.S.; for each type, building models are available for each of the three construction categories. The commercial reference buildings (formerly known as commercial building benchmark models) were developed by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), in conjunction with three of its national laboratories.Additional data is available directly from DOE's Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE) Website, including EnergyPlus software input files (.idf) and results of the EnergyPlus simulations (.html).

249

Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction (HEDR) Project is to estimate the radiation doses that individuals and populations could have received from nuclear operations at Hanford since 1944. The TSP consists of experts in environmental pathways, epidemiology, surface-water transport, ground-water transport, statistics, demography, agriculture, meteorology, nuclear engineering, radiation dosimetry, and cultural anthropology. Included are appointed technical members representing the states of Oregon, Washington, and Idaho, a representative of Native American tribes, and an individual representing the public. The project is divided into the following technical tasks. These tasks correspond to the path radionuclides followed from release to impact on humans (dose estimates): Source terms, environmental transport, environmental monitoring data, demography, food consumption, and agriculture, and environmental pathways and dose estimates. Progress is discussed.

McMakin, A.H.; Cannon, S.D.; Finch, S.M. (comps.)

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Reference Design? | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Reference Design? Reference Design? Home > Groups > Databus Are there any published reference designs for a DataBus installation? And/or some sort of discussion forum for this- I'd be interested to share thoughts and experiences about the various tradeoffs and options. (I'm not sure this Q&A thing is the best place for that; maybe some other feature of OpenEI?) Submitted by Hopcroft on 9 September, 2013 - 09:04 4 answers Points: 0 darn, the formatting on this forum software is really not that good. Maybe we should consider moving to serverfault.com which has great formatting, emails work, etc. etc. Deanhiller on 9 September, 2013 - 12:20 Points: 0 ah yes, I see your point there!!!! TIME_SERIES vs. RELATIONAL: TIME_SERIES is much much faster for downloads to charting after our performance fixes.

251

Excepted Service EJ and EK Desk Reference  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1] 1] U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Office of the Chief Human Capital Officer 2012 Excepted Service EJ and EK Desk Reference E X E C U T I V E R E S O U R C E S D I V I S I O N [2] Executive Summary The Excepted Service EJ and EK Desk Reference is designed to provide the framework, in conjunction, with the DOE O 329.1 (Excepted Service Authorities for EJ and EK Pay Plans). Specifically, the desk reference addresses the requirements for the Excepted Service EJ and EK positions, to include: * Description of the EJ and EK authorities; * Policy of utilizing merit system principles and the Department's commitment to diversity; * The use of collective bargaining agreements applying to some EJ and EK positions; * The types of positions that the EJ and EK authorities apply and prohibited types of

252

Reference Design? | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Reference Design? Reference Design? Home > Groups > Databus Are there any published reference designs for a DataBus installation? And/or some sort of discussion forum for this- I'd be interested to share thoughts and experiences about the various tradeoffs and options. (I'm not sure this Q&A thing is the best place for that; maybe some other feature of OpenEI?) Submitted by Hopcroft on 9 September, 2013 - 09:04 4 answers Points: 0 darn, the formatting on this forum software is really not that good. Maybe we should consider moving to serverfault.com which has great formatting, emails work, etc. etc. Deanhiller on 9 September, 2013 - 12:20 Points: 0 ah yes, I see your point there!!!! TIME_SERIES vs. RELATIONAL: TIME_SERIES is much much faster for downloads to charting after our performance fixes.

253

Category:Geothermal References | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Category Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Category:Geothermal References Jump to: navigation, search Add a new Reference Pages in category "Geothermal References" The following 200 pages are in this category, out of 323 total. (previous 200) (next 200) 2 2-D Magnetotellurics At The Geothermal Site At Soultz-Sous-Forets- Resistivity Distribution To About 3000 M Depth 2007 Annual Report A A Case History of Injection Through 1991 at Dixie Valley, Nevada A Coordinated Exploration Program for Geothermal Sources on the Island of Hawaii A geochemical model of the Kilauea east rift zone A model for the shallow thermal regime at Dixie Valley geothermal field

254

Reference Design? | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Reference Design? Reference Design? Home > Groups > Databus Are there any published reference designs for a DataBus installation? And/or some sort of discussion forum for this- I'd be interested to share thoughts and experiences about the various tradeoffs and options. (I'm not sure this Q&A thing is the best place for that; maybe some other feature of OpenEI?) Submitted by Hopcroft on 9 September, 2013 - 09:04 4 answers Points: 0 darn, the formatting on this forum software is really not that good. Maybe we should consider moving to serverfault.com which has great formatting, emails work, etc. etc. Deanhiller on 9 September, 2013 - 12:20 Points: 0 ah yes, I see your point there!!!! TIME_SERIES vs. RELATIONAL: TIME_SERIES is much much faster for downloads to charting after our performance fixes.

255

Reference Design? | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Reference Design? Reference Design? Home > Groups > Databus Are there any published reference designs for a DataBus installation? And/or some sort of discussion forum for this- I'd be interested to share thoughts and experiences about the various tradeoffs and options. (I'm not sure this Q&A thing is the best place for that; maybe some other feature of OpenEI?) Submitted by Hopcroft on 9 September, 2013 - 09:04 4 answers Points: 0 darn, the formatting on this forum software is really not that good. Maybe we should consider moving to serverfault.com which has great formatting, emails work, etc. etc. Deanhiller on 9 September, 2013 - 12:20 Points: 0 ah yes, I see your point there!!!! TIME_SERIES vs. RELATIONAL: TIME_SERIES is much much faster for downloads to charting after our performance fixes.

256

NETL: Innovations for Existing Plants - Reference Shelf  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Reference Shelf Reference Shelf Innovations for Existing Plants Reference Shelf Program Overview Overview Publications: IEP, Recent Accomplishments Report - [PDF-1.3MB] (Oct 2007) IEP Roadmap & Program Plan [PDF-1.2MB] (May 2006) DOE/NETL'S Innovations for Existing Plants R&D Program [PDF-42KB] (Feb 2005) Improving the Environmental Performance of Today's Coal-Fired Power Plants This paper provides an overview of the Innovations for Existing Plants (IEP) Program, managed by the DOE National Energy Technology Laboratory. IEP develops advanced low-cost environmental control technologies for the existing fleet of coal-fired power plants, specifically focusing on the development of advanced mercury, NOx, PM, and acid gas emission control technology. Research is also directed at the characterization and beneficial use of coal utilization byproducts as well as at emerging electric-utility and water issues.

257

Reference Design? | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Reference Design? Reference Design? Home > Groups > Databus Are there any published reference designs for a DataBus installation? And/or some sort of discussion forum for this- I'd be interested to share thoughts and experiences about the various tradeoffs and options. (I'm not sure this Q&A thing is the best place for that; maybe some other feature of OpenEI?) Submitted by Hopcroft on 9 September, 2013 - 09:04 4 answers Points: 0 darn, the formatting on this forum software is really not that good. Maybe we should consider moving to serverfault.com which has great formatting, emails work, etc. etc. Deanhiller on 9 September, 2013 - 12:20 Points: 0 ah yes, I see your point there!!!! TIME_SERIES vs. RELATIONAL: TIME_SERIES is much much faster for downloads to charting after our performance fixes.

258

EIA - Appendix A - Reference Case Projection Tables  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Tables (2005-2035) Tables (2005-2035) International Energy Outlook 2010 Reference Case Projections Tables (2005-2035) Formats Data Table Titles (1 to 14 complete) Reference Case Projections Tables (1990-2030). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Appendix A. Reference Case Projections Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table A1 World Total Primary Energy Consumption by Region Table A1. World Total Primary Energy Consumption by Region. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table A2 World Total Energy Consumption by Region and Fuel Table A2. World Total Energy Consumption by Region and Fuel. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800.

259

DOE_EVMS_CROSS_REFERENCE_CHECKLIST.pdf  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EVMS CROSS REFERENCE CHECKLIST EVMS CROSS REFERENCE CHECKLIST The purpose of this checklist is to evaluate a contractor's EVMS procedures to the ANSI/EIA-748 Guidelines. This process is typically done during a certification review, evaluation of changes to procedures, and when questions arise during subsequent surveillances. This checklist is just one tool. Other references may assist in the evaluation process. A recommended guide to be used in conjunction with this checklist is the NDIA PMSC, Earned Value Management Systems Intent Guide, 2006, http://www.ndia.org/Divisions/Divisions/Procurement/Pages/Program_Management_Systems_Committee.aspx GUIDELINE and QUESTIONS Y/N SD Ref ASSESSMENT NOTES DOCUMENTS I. ORGANIZATION 1. Define the authorized work elements for program. A work breakdown structure (WBS), tailored for effective internal management

260

Property:References | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

References References Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Text. Subproperties This property has the following 43 subproperties: A Active Seismic Techniques Aeromagnetic Survey Airborne Gravity Survey Audio-Magnetotellurics C Chemical Logging Compound and Elemental Analysis Controlled Source Audio MT Controlled Source Frequency-Domain Magnetics D DC Resistivity Survey (Dipole-Dipole Array) DC Resistivity Survey (Mise-Á-La-Masse) DC Resistivity Survey (Pole-Dipole Array) DC Resistivity Survey (Schlumberger Array) DC Resistivity Survey (Wenner Array) Direct-Current Resistivity Survey D cont. Downhole Techniques E Electrical Profiling Configurations Electrical Techniques Electromagnetic Techniques F Frequency-Domain Electromagnetic Survey G Geodetic Survey Geophysical Techniques

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rfd reference dose" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Evaluation of potential risks from ash disposal site leachate  

SciTech Connect

A risk-based approach is used to evaluate potential human health risks associated with a discharge from an ash disposal site into a small stream. The RIVRISK model was used to estimate downstream concentrations and corresponding risks. The modeling and risk analyses focus on boron, the constituent of greatest potential concern to public health at the site investigated, in Riddle Run, Pennsylvania. Prior to performing the risk assessment, the model is validated by comparing observed and predicted results. The comparison is good and an uncertainty analysis is provided to explain the comparison. The hazard quotient (HQ) for boron is predicted to be greater than 1 at presently regulated compliance points over a range of flow rates. The reference dose (RfD) currently recommended by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) was used for the analyses. However, the toxicity of boron as expressed by the RfD is now under review by both the U.S. EPA and the World Health Organization. Alternative reference doses being examined would produce predicted boron hazard quotients of less than 1 at nearly all flow conditions.

Mills, W.B.; Loh, J.Y.; Bate, M.C.; Johnson, K.M. [Tetra Tech, Lafayette, CA (United States)] [Tetra Tech, Lafayette, CA (United States)

1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Commercial Reference Building: Supermarket | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Supermarket Supermarket Dataset Summary Description Commercial reference buildings provide complete descriptions for whole building energy analysis using EnergyPlus simulation software. Included here is data pertaining to the reference building type Supermarket for each of the 16 climate zones, and each of three construction categories: new construction, post-1980 construction existing buildings, pre-1980 construction existing buildings.The dataset includes four key components: building summary, zone summary, location summary and a picture. Building summary includes details about: form, fabric, and HVAC. Zone summary includes details such as: area, volume, lighting, and occupants for all types of zones in the building. Location summary includes key building information as it pertains to each climate zone, including: fabric and HVAC details, utility costs, energy end use, and peak energy demand.In total, DOE developed 16 reference building types that represent approximately 70% of commercial buildings in the U.S.; for each type, building models are available for each of the three construction categories. The commercial reference buildings (formerly known as commercial building benchmark models) were developed by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), in conjunction with three of its national laboratories.Additional data is available directly from DOE's Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE) Website, including EnergyPlus software input files (.idf) and results of the EnergyPlus simulations (.html).

263

Radwaste Desk Reference: Volume 5: Transportation Update  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This volume of the Radwaste Desk Reference contains fundamental practical and regulatory information on the transportation of radioactive waste. Because its information is based entirely on industry practice, the work can serve as an extensive "how-to" manual for both the newcomer and the experienced radwaste professional.

2000-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

264

Hearing Conservation Program 1.0 Reference  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hearing Conservation Program 1.0 Reference California Code of Regulations, Title 8, Article 105, Fullerton to establish and maintain effective noise control and hearing conservation programs designed by University policy and State law. 4.0 Scope The Hearing Conservation Program affects all employees exposed

de Lijser, Peter

265

Commercial Reference Building: Warehouse | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Warehouse Warehouse Dataset Summary Description Commercial reference buildings provide complete descriptions for whole building energy analysis using EnergyPlus simulation software. Included here is data pertaining to the reference building type Warehouse for each of the 16 climate zones, and each of three construction categories: new construction, post-1980 construction existing buildings, pre-1980 construction existing buildings.The dataset includes four key components: building summary, zone summary, location summary and a picture. Building summary includes details about: form, fabric, and HVAC. Zone summary includes details such as: area, volume, lighting, and occupants for all types of zones in the building. Location summary includes key building information as it pertains to each climate zone, including: fabric and HVAC details, utility costs, energy end use, and peak energy demand.In total, DOE developed 16 reference building types that represent approximately 70% of commercial buildings in the U.S.; for each type, building models are available for three categories: new construction, post-1980 construction existing buildings, pre-1980 construction existing buildings. The commercial reference buildings (formerly known as commercial building benchmark models) were developed by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), in conjunction with three of its national laboratories.Additional data is available directly from DOE's Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE) Website, including EnergyPlus software input files (.idf) and results of the EnergyPlus simulations (.html).

266

Xyce parallel electronic simulator : reference guide.  

SciTech Connect

This document is a reference guide to the Xyce Parallel Electronic Simulator, and is a companion document to the Xyce Users Guide. The focus of this document is (to the extent possible) exhaustively list device parameters, solver options, parser options, and other usage details of Xyce. This document is not intended to be a tutorial. Users who are new to circuit simulation are better served by the Xyce Users Guide. The Xyce Parallel Electronic Simulator has been written to support, in a rigorous manner, the simulation needs of the Sandia National Laboratories electrical designers. It is targeted specifically to run on large-scale parallel computing platforms but also runs well on a variety of architectures including single processor workstations. It also aims to support a variety of devices and models specific to Sandia needs. This document is intended to complement the Xyce Users Guide. It contains comprehensive, detailed information about a number of topics pertinent to the usage of Xyce. Included in this document is a netlist reference for the input-file commands and elements supported within Xyce; a command line reference, which describes the available command line arguments for Xyce; and quick-references for users of other circuit codes, such as Orcad's PSpice and Sandia's ChileSPICE.

Mei, Ting; Rankin, Eric Lamont; Thornquist, Heidi K.; Santarelli, Keith R.; Fixel, Deborah A.; Coffey, Todd Stirling; Russo, Thomas V.; Schiek, Richard Louis; Warrender, Christina E.; Keiter, Eric Richard; Pawlowski, Roger Patrick

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Refining visualization reference model for context information  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Context-awareness can be used to decrease the need for interaction with a mobile device. This is increasingly important since the functionality of mobile devices and personal digital assistants gets more and more complex while the input and output capabilities ... Keywords: Context awareness, Hand-held devices, Information visualization, Mobile phones, Visualization reference model

Antti Aaltonen; Juha Lehikoinen

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Heap reference analysis using access graphs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Despite significant progress in the theory and practice of program analysis, analyzing properties of heap data has not reached the same level of maturity as the analysis of static and stack data. The spatial and temporal structure of stack and static ... Keywords: Aliasing, data flow analysis, heap references, liveness

Uday P. Khedker; Amitabha Sanyal; Amey Karkare

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Positional reference system for ultraprecision machining  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A stable positional reference system for use in improving the cutting tool-to-part contour position in numerical controlled-multiaxis metal turning machines is provided. The reference system employs a plurality of interferometers referenced to orthogonally disposed metering bars which are substantially isolated from machine strain induced position errors for monitoring the part and tool positions relative to the metering bars. A microprocessor-based control system is employed in conjunction with the plurality of position interferometers and part contour description data inputs to calculate error components for each axis of movement and output them to corresponding axis drives with appropriate scaling and error compensation. Real-time position control, operating in combination with the reference system, makes possible the positioning of the cutting points of a tool along a part locus with a substantially greater degree of accuracy than has been attained previously in the art by referencing and then monitoring only the tool motion relative to a reference position located on the machine base.

Arnold, Jones B. (Knoxville, TN); Burleson, Robert R. (Clinton, TN); Pardue, Robert M. (Knoxville, TN)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Positional reference system for ultraprecision machining  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A stable positional reference system for use in improving the cutting tool-to-part contour position in numerical controlled-multiaxis metal turning machines is provided. The reference system employs a plurality of interferometers referenced to orthogonally disposed metering bars which are substantially isolated from machine strain induced position errors for monitoring the part and tool positions relative to the metering bars. A microprocessor-based control system is employed in conjunction with the plurality of positions interferometers and part contour description data input to calculate error components for each axis of movement and output them to corresponding axis driven with appropriate scaling and error compensation. Real-time position control, operating in combination with the reference system, makes possible the positioning of the cutting points of a tool along a part locus with a substantially greater degree of accuracy than has been attained previously in the art by referencing and then monitoring only the tool motion relative to a reference position located on the machine base.

Arnold, J.B.; Burleson, R.R.; Pardue, R.M.

1980-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

271

ITS 1.5 Reference Manual  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This reference manual consists of two parts. The first (sections 1 through 6) is intended for those who are either interested in the ITS 1.5 time sharing monitor for its own sake or who wish to write machine language ...

Eastlake, D.

1969-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

ITS 1.5 Reference Manual  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This reference manual consists of two parts. The first (sections 1 through 6) is intended for those who are either interested in the ITS 1.5 time sharing monitor for its own sake or who wish to write machine language ...

Eastlake, D.

1968-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Programs (ASD(NCB)) References: See Enclosure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

accordance with the authority in DoDD 5134.01 (Reference (c)) to update the responsibilities and functions, relationships, and authorities of the ASD(NCB), under the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics (USD(AT&L)). 2. APPLICABILITY. This Directive applies to OSD, the Military Departments, the Office of

unknown authors

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Temporal Reference Algorithms versus Spatial Reference Algorithms forSmart Antennas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper compares algorithms from three different classes of adaptation schemes for smart antennas – the switched beam approach, a Temporal-Reference (TR) technique based on Direct Matrix Inversion or Least Squares adaptation, and a Spatial-Reference ... Keywords: adaptation algorithms, angular spread, comparison, mutual coupling, smart antennas

Josef Fuhl; Ernst Bonek

1999-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Low Dose Radiation Research Program: Aloke Chatterjee  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Chatterjee, A. and Holley, W.R. 1999 Workshop: Biological Effects of Low-Dose and Low-Dose-Rate Radiation Exposures: An Integrated Theoretical and Experimental Approach....

276

Low Dose Radiation Research Program: Slide Shows  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dose Health Effects of Radiation Health Effects of Radiation Adaptive Response to Low Dose Radiation PDF Background Radiation PDF Bystander Effects PDF Dirty Bombs PDF DNA Damage...

277

The Ozone Dilemma: a reference handbook (Contemporary World Issues Series)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dilemma: a reference handbook By David E. Newton Reviewed byDilemma: a reference handbook (Contemporary World IssuesThe Ozone Dilemma: a reference handbook is targeted at both

Li, Haipeng

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

EMP Attachment 3 DOE-SC PNNL Site Dose Assessment Guidance  

SciTech Connect

This Dose Assessment Guidance (DAG) describes methods to use to determine the Maximally-Exposed Individual (MEI) location and to estimate dose impact to that individual under the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science (DOE-SC) Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) Site Environmental Monitoring Plan (EMP). This guidance applies to public dose from radioactive material releases to the air from PNNL Site operations. This document is an attachment to the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) Environmental Monitoring Plan (EMP) and describes dose assessment guidance for radiological air emissions. The impact of radiological air emissions from the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science (DOE-SC) PNNL Site is indicated by dose estimates to a maximally exposed member of the public, referred to as the maximally exposed individual (MEI). Reporting requirements associated with dose to members of the public from radiological air emissions are in 40 CFR Part 61.94, WAC 246-247-080, and DOE Order 458.1. The DOE Order and state standards for dose from radioactive air emissions are consistent with U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) dose standards in 40 CFR 61.92 (i.e., 10 mrem/yr to a MEI). Despite the fact that the current Contract Requirements Document (CRD) for the DOE-SC PNNL Site operations does not include the requirement to meet DOE CRD 458.1, paragraph 2.b, public dose limits, the DOE dose limits would be met when EPA limits are met.

Snyder, Sandra F.

2011-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

279

Annual Energy Outlook 2011 Reference Case  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AEO2012 Early Release Rollout Presentation AEO2012 Early Release Rollout Presentation Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies John Hopkins University January 23, 2012 | Washington, DC Howard Gruenspecht, Acting Administrator Annual Energy Outlook 2012 Early Release Reference Case Key results from the AEO2012 Reference case, which assumes current laws remain unchanged 2 Howard Gruenspecht AEO2012, January 23, 2012 * Projected growth of energy use slows over the projection period reflecting an extended economic recovery and increasing energy efficiency in end-use applications * Domestic crude oil production increases, reaching levels not experienced since 1994 by 2020 * With modest economic growth, increased efficiency, growing domestic production, and continued adoption of nonpetroleum liquids, net

280

Ocean - Quick Reference | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

- Quick Reference - Quick Reference Ocean Data Tools Technical Guide Map Gallery Regional Planning Feedback Ocean You are here Data.gov » Communities » Ocean Quick Ref 1) Q: How do I upload metadata into Data.gov? A: Federal Agencies: Data.gov is organized into separate catalogs to provide access to three classes of published, publicly accessible federal data and related access tools and services: "raw" data, geodata and applications, each with specific distinguishing characteristics. Although the selection criteria, approval, and submission process differ by department and agency, the following highlights the Data.gov submission process. Nomination of data or application Although any individual or organization may suggest a dataset or application for promotion to Data.gov, primary responsibility rests with

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rfd reference dose" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

IBM References | Argonne Leadership Computing Facility  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Data Transfer Data Transfer Debugging & Profiling Performance Tools & APIs Software & Libraries IBM References Intrepid/Challenger/Surveyor Tukey Eureka / Gadzooks Policies Documentation Feedback Please provide feedback to help guide us as we continue to build documentation for our new computing resource. [Feedback Form] IBM References Contents IBM Redbooks A2 Processor Manual QPX Vector Instruction Set Architecture XL Compiler Documentation MASS Documentation Back to top IBM Redbooks IBM System Blue Gene Solution: Blue Gene/Q Application Development Manual - Application and library developers wants this one. This documents options for MPI, OpenMP, and other features of interest to most users. IBM System Blue Gene Solution: Blue Gene/Q Code Development and Tools Interface - Low-level tools; developers may find this useful.

282

REScheck Residnetial Plan Review Quick Reference Guide  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

RESIDENTIAL PLAN REVIEW RESIDENTIAL PLAN REVIEW QUICK REFERENCE GUIDE Plan review for energy code compliance can be conducted quickly and efficiently. The U.S. Department of Energy's REScheck Compliance Software is designed to create simplified compliance certificates that can be easily reviewed by enforcement personnel. This Quick Reference Guide will guide you, step-by-step, through a typical plan review process. There are three basic steps for conducting a building energy code plan review: Step 1: Verify the documentation has been correctly prepared. Step 2: Verify the levels of efficiency shown on the plans meet or exceed that shown in the documentation. Step 3: Verify all of the information to conduct a field inspection is included in the plans or documentation for the inspector to use on site.

283

to refer your readers to any other  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

refer your readers to any other refer your readers to any other forms of communication that you've created for your organization. You can also use this space to remind readers to mark their calendars for a regular event, such as a breakfast meeting for vendors every third Tuesday of the month, or a biannual charity auction. If space is available, this is a good place to insert a clip art image or some other graphic. This story can fit 175-225 words. If your newsletter is folded and mailed, this story will appear on the back. So, it's a good idea to make it easy to read at a glance. A question and answer session is a good way to quickly capture the at- tention of readers. You can either compile questions that you've re-

284

EERE Program Management Quick Reference Guide  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

a companion to the Office of Energy Efficiency and a companion to the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Program Management Reference Guide. It provides an overall description of the EERE program management structure, defines EERE program and project management roles and responsibilities, lays out the general sequence of activities in the program management cycle, and introduces the EERE Strategic Management System (SMS) and the EERE Information and Business Management Systems - Corporate Planning System (CPS), EERE Information System (EIS), and the Systems Approach to Grants Administration for Windows (WinSAGA). Quick references to the Guide and other sources of information of related program management information are provided throughout in information boxes associated within the text.

285

OFFICE OF FAIR TRADING TERMS OF REFERENCE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The OFT, in exercise of its powers under sections 131 and 133 of the Enterprise Act 2002 (the Act), hereby makes a reference to the Competition Commission for an investigation into the supply of local bus services. In accordance with section 133(2) and (3)(a) of the Act the Competition Commission shall confine its investigation to the effects of features of such market or markets for local bus services as exist in connection with the supply of such services in United Kingdom excluding Northern Ireland and London.' The OFT has reasonable grounds for suspecting that a feature or a combination of features of the market or markets for the supply of local bus services in the UK excluding Northern Ireland and London prevents, restricts or distorts competition. For the purposes of this reference: 'local bus services ' means all bus services, both commercial 2 and tendered,3 which

John Fingleton

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Lorentz Transformation from Symmetry of Reference Principle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Lorentz Transformation is traditionally derived requiring the Principle of Relativity and lightspeed universality. While the latter can be relaxed, the Principle of Relativity is seen as core to the transformation. The present letter relaxes both statements to the weaker, Symmetry of Reference Principle. Thus the resulting Lorentz transformation and its consequences (time dilatation, length contraction) are, in turn, effects of how we manage space and time.

M. Dima

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Radwaste Desk Reference: Volume 4: Mixed Waste  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mixed waste management has been a significant concern to nuclear utilities due to the lack of available treatment and disposal capacity. This volume of the Radwaste Desk Reference contains fundamental practical and regulatory information on the management of mixed low level waste. Because its information is based entirely on industry practice, the work can serve as an extensive "how-to" manual for both the newcomer and the experienced radwaste professional responsible for mixed waste.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

288

CRITICALITY SAFETY QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

9, 2010 Page 1 of 47 9, 2010 Page 1 of 47 Criticality Safety Qualification Standard Reference Guide 2010 For use with DOE-STD 1173-2009, CRITICALITY SAFETY FUNCTIONAL AREA QUALIFICATION STANDARD September 9, 2010 Page 2 of 47 PURPOSE....................................................................................................................... 5 SCOPE............................................................................................................................ 5 1. Criticality safety personnel must demonstrate a working-level knowledge of the fission process. .......................................................................................................... 6 2. Criticality safety personnel must demonstrate a working-level knowledge of the

289

Insulator Reference Book: Chapter 1: Insulator Fundamentals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This technical update report presents a draft first chapter of the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) Insulator Reference Book, which is being developed to give utility transmission engineers a comprehensive information resource on all aspects of high-voltage insulators.BackgroundHigh-voltage insulators are an essential part of the power delivery system. They ensure the safe transmission of electricity from generating stations to substations, where the ...

2013-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

290

EPRI Live Working Reference Book Edition 2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report contains updated information on the 2012 edition of the National Electrical Safety Code (NESC) and on glass insulators that became available after publication of the first edition of the Tan Book (Electric Power Research Institute [EPRI] report 1018974) in 2009. The 2009 first edition of the this report was a fully revised, updated, and expanded version of the Live Working Guide for Overhead Lines (EPRI report 1008747), published in 2004. The new EPRI Live Working Reference Book provides the ...

2011-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

291

Reference Poster: Turbine Bearing Damage Mechanisms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Damage to turbine and generator bearings accounts for a significant amount of lost generation in the power industry. There are numerous known damage mechanisms affecting these bearings, and as part of EPRI’s technology transfer efforts, we have developed a reference poster. This poster provides clear, concise, and visual information for a wide variety of mechanisms and is meant to supplement related EPRI projects. By providing an overview of various issues as well as information on how to ...

2012-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

292

Lorentz Transformation from Symmetry of Reference Principle  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Lorentz Transformation is traditionally derived requiring the Principle of Relativity and light-speed universality. While the latter can be relaxed, the Principle of Relativity is seen as core to the transformation. The present letter relaxes both statements to the weaker, Symmetry of Reference Principle. Thus the resulting Lorentz transformation and its consequences (time dilatation, length contraction) are, in turn, effects of how we manage space and time.

M. Dima

2006-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

293

NETL: Coal & Coal Biomass to Liquids - Reference Shelf  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Reference Shelf Coal and CoalBiomass to Liquids Reference Shelf Documents Papers Presentations DOCUMENTS 2012 Technology Readiness Assessment-Analysis of Active Research Portfolio...

294

Repository Reference Disposal Concepts and Thermal Load Management...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Repository Reference Disposal Concepts and Thermal Load Management Analysis Repository Reference Disposal Concepts and Thermal Load Management Analysis A disposal concept consists...

295

Surface Temperature Humidity Reference System Handbook - November 2005  

SciTech Connect

The Surface Temperature and Humidity Reference (SURTHREF) system is intended to provide accurate reference values of ambient temperature and relative humidity for comparison with radiosonde prelaunch values.

MT Ritsche

2005-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

296

Plutonium Certified Reference Materials Price List | U.S. DOE...  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Plutonium Certified Reference Materials Price List New Brunswick Laboratory (NBL) NBL Home About Programs Certified Reference Materials Prices and Certificates Ordering Information...

297

Reference Buildings by Building Type: Small Hotel | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

& Publications Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 2A Houston, Texas Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 3B Los Angeles,...

298

FAQS Reference Guide - Emergency Management | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Emergency Management FAQS Reference Guide - Emergency Management This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the January 2004 edition of DOE-STD-1177-2004,...

299

Low Dose Radiation Research Program: Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Glossary Glossary A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z We welcome updates to the glossary. Please send them to Low Dose. A α=β Ratio: A measure of the curvature of the cell survival curve and a measure of the sensitivity of a tissue or tumor to dose fractionation. The dose at which the linear and quadratic components of cell killing are equal. Abscopal Effect: The radiation response in tissue at a distance from the irradiated site invoked by local irradiation. Absorbed Dose Rate: Absorbed dose divided by the time it takes to deliver that dose. High dose rates are usually more damaging to humans and animals than low-dose rates. This is because repair of damage is more efficient when the dose rate is low. Absorbed Dose: The amount of energy deposited in any substance by ionizing

300

Internal Dose Magnitude Estimation Using Annual Limits on Intake (ALI) Comparisons  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Internal and External Dose Estimation (initial version: 08/2008, current version: 07/2013) Internal and External Dose Estimation (initial version: 08/2008, current version: 07/2013) Rapid Internal and External Dose Magnitude Estimation The Radiation Emergency Assistance Center/Training Site REAC/TS PO Box 117, MS-39 Oak Ridge, TN 37831 (865)576-3131 www.orise.orau.gov/reacts prepared by: Stephen L. (Steve) Sugarman, MS, CHP, CHCM Health Physics Project Manager Cytogenetic Biodosimetry Laboratory Coordinator Early Internal and External Dose Estimation (initial version: 08/2008, current version: 07/2013) Internal Dose Magnitude Estimation Using Annual Limits on Intake (ALI) Comparisons and Derived Reference Levels (DRLs) Assessing the radiological condition of injured personnel is an important part of the health physicist's job, although hopefully, one that is not done very often. There are many things to be

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rfd reference dose" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

1993 Solid Waste Reference Forecast Summary  

SciTech Connect

This report, which updates WHC-EP-0567, 1992 Solid Waste Reference Forecast Summary, (WHC 1992) forecasts the volumes of solid wastes to be generated or received at the US Department of Energy Hanford Site during the 30-year period from FY 1993 through FY 2022. The data used in this document were collected from Westinghouse Hanford Company forecasts as well as from surveys of waste generators at other US Department of Energy sites who are now shipping or plan to ship solid wastes to the Hanford Site for disposal. These wastes include low-level and low-level mixed waste, transuranic and transuranic mixed waste, and nonradioactive hazardous waste.

Valero, O.J.; Blackburn, C.L. [Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States); Kaae, P.S.; Armacost, L.L.; Garrett, S.M.K. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Department of Energy Construction Safety Reference Guide  

SciTech Connect

DOE has adopted the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) regulations Title 29 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) 1926 ``Safety and Health Regulations for Construction,`` and related parts of 29 CFR 1910, ``Occupational Safety and Health Standards.`` This nonmandatory reference guide is based on these OSHA regulations and, where appropriate, incorporates additional standards, codes, directives, and work practices that are recognized and accepted by DOE and the construction industry. It covers excavation, scaffolding, electricity, fire, signs/barricades, cranes/hoists/conveyors, hand and power tools, concrete/masonry, stairways/ladders, welding/cutting, motor vehicles/mechanical equipment, demolition, materials, blasting, steel erection, etc.

Not Available

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Radiation Leukaemongenesis at Low Doses  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Leukaemongenesis at Low Doses Leukaemongenesis at Low Doses Simon Bouffler Health Protection Agency Abstract Myeloid leukaemias feature prominently among the cancers associated with human exposures to ionising radiation. The CBA mouse model of radiation-induced acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) has been used extensively for both quantitative and mechanistic studies. Loss of genetic material from chromosome 2 (chr2) is known to be associated with most radiation-induced AMLs. AML develops in CBA mice exposed to X- or γ-radiation, after a mean latency period of 18 months, with a maximal incidence of approximately 25% at 3Gy. A strong candidate AML-suppressor gene located within the commonly deleted region of chr2 has been identified, Sƒpil/PU.1. This gene suffers hemizygous loss and specific

304

Organizational Reference Groups: A Missing Perspective on Social Context  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper introduces and empirically explores the concept of an organizational reference group: the set of people an individual perceives as belonging to his or her work environment that defines the social world of work in which he or she engages. The ... Keywords: career achievement, career expectations, career referents, cognition, organizational reference groups, perception, reference groups, social context, social networks

Barbara S. Lawrence

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Radiation dose from cigarette tobacco  

SciTech Connect

The radioactivity in tobacco leaves collected from 15 different regions of Greece before cigarette production was studied in order to estimate the effective dose from cigarette tobacco due to the naturally occurring primordial radionuclides, such as {sup 226}Ra and {sup 210}Pb of the uranium series and {sup 228}Ra of the thorium series and/or man-made produced radionuclides, such as {sup 137}Cs of Chernobyl origin. Gamma-ray spectrometry was applied using Ge planar and coaxial type detectors of high resolution and high efficiency. It was concluded that the annual effective dose due to inhalation for adults (smokers) for {sup 226}Ra varied from 42.5 to 178.6 {mu}Sv y{sup -1} (average 79.7 {mu}Sv y{sup -1}), while for {sup 228}Ra from 19.3 to 116.0 {mu}Sv y{sup -1} (average 67.1 {mu}Sv y{sup -1}) and for {sup 210}Pb from 47.0 to 134.9 {mu}Sv y{sup -1} (average 104.7 {mu}Sv y{sup -1}), that is the same order of magnitude for each radionuclide. The sum of the effective dose of the three natural radionuclides varied from 151.9 to 401.3 {mu}Sv y{sup -1} (average 251.5 {mu}Sv y{sup -1}). The annual effective dose from {sup 137}Cs of Chernobyl origin was three orders of magnitude lower as it varied from 70.4 to 410.4 nSv y{sup -1} (average 199.3 nSv y{sup -1})

Papastefanou, C. [Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Atomic and Nuclear Physics Laboratory, Thessaloniki 54124 (Greece)

2008-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

306

Template:ReferenceForValue | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ReferenceForValue ReferenceForValue Jump to: navigation, search This is the ReferenceForValue template. It is used by forms to assign a references to values supplied in the form. This template will generate the additional form field necessary to collect the reference information for the provided form field. Parameters Fieldname - The name of the form field containing the value to be referenced. Note: Parameters can be called in numerical order, or using parameter name. Dependencies Widget:ShowRefFieldsButton - Necessary to toggle the display of the reference fields, which are hidden by default. Usage Use within a form construct like this: {{ReferenceForValue|MyField}} to create a field called "Reference for MyField" which will collect a reference and apply it to the form's template as |ReferenceForMyField=

307

Annual Energy Outlook 2011 Reference Case  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Center for Strategic and International Studies Center for Strategic and International Studies Howard Gruenspecht, Acting Administrator September 19, 2011 | Washington, DC International Energy Outlook 2011 Key findings in the IEO2011 Reference case 2 Howard Gruenspecht CSIS, September 19, 2011 * World energy consumption increases by 53% between 2008 and 2035 with half of the increase attributed to China and India * Renewables are the world's fastest-growing energy source, at 2.8% per year; renewables share of world energy grows to roughly 15% in 2035 * Fossil fuels continue to supply almost 80% of world energy use in 2035 * Liquid fuels remain the largest energy source worldwide through 2035, but the oil share of total energy declines to 28% in 2035, as sustained high oil prices dampen demand and encourage fuel

308

Semantic Features for Classifying Referring Search Terms  

SciTech Connect

When an internet user clicks on a result in a search engine, a request is submitted to the destination web server that includes a referrer field containing the search terms given by the user. Using this information, website owners can analyze the search terms leading to their websites to better understand their visitors needs. This work explores some of the features that can be used for classification-based analysis of such referring search terms. We present initial results for the example task of classifying HTTP requests countries of origin. A system that can accurately predict the country of origin from query text may be a valuable complement to IP lookup methods which are susceptible to the obfuscation of dereferrers or proxies. We suggest that the addition of semantic features improves classifier performance in this example application. We begin by looking at related work and presenting our approach. After describing initial experiments and results, we discuss paths forward for this work.

May, Chandler J.; Henry, Michael J.; McGrath, Liam R.; Bell, Eric B.; Marshall, Eric J.; Gregory, Michelle L.

2012-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

309

NIST: Comparison of Co60 Absorbed Dose for High-Dose ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... at the dose levels used in radiation processing were ... 1 to 2 parts in 10 2 . The dose-rate effect ... doses for the laboratories that used low-rate gamma ...

2013-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

310

Low Dose Radiation Research Program: Image Gallery  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Image Gallery Image Gallery These are images, photographs, and charts presented or developed for Low Dose Radiation Research Investigators’ Meetings. They may be used for presentations or reports. To save, right click on the picture, then choose "Save picture as." U.S. annual per-capita effective radiation dose from various sources for 1980. various sources 1980 Enlarge Image. U.S. annual per-capita effective radiation dose from various sources for 2006. various sources 2006 Enlarge Image. U.S. annual per-capita effective radiation dose from man-made sources in the United States for 2006. man-made 2006 Enlarge Image. Ionizing Radiation Dose Ranges showing the wide range of radiation doses that humans experience (Rem) Enlarge Image. Ionizing Radiation Dose Ranges showing the wide range of radiation doses that humans experience

311

Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project. Monthly report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction (HEDR) Project is to estimate the radiation doses that individuals and populations could have received from nuclear operations at Hanford since 1944. The independent Technical Steering Panel (TSP) provides technical direction. The project is divided into the following technical tasks. These tasks correspond to the path radionuclides followed from release to impact on humans (dose estimates):Source Terms, Environmental Transport, Environmental Monitoring Data, Demography, Food Consumption, and Agriculture, and Environmental Pathways and Dose Estimates.

Cannon, S.D.; Finch, S.M. [comps.

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project. Monthly report  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project is to estimate the radiation doses that individuals and populations could have received from nuclear operations at Hanford since 1944. The project is divided into the following technical tasks. These tasks correspond to the path radionuclides followed, from release to impact on humans (dose estimates): Source terms, environmental transport, environmental monitoring data, demography, food consumption, and agriculture, and environmental pathways and dose estimates.

Finch, S.M.; McMakin, A.H. [comps.

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

CRYSTALLINE CERAMIC WASTE FORMS: REFERENCE FORMULATION REPORT  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The research conducted in this work package is aimed at taking advantage of the long term thermodynamic stability of crystalline ceramics to create more durable waste forms (as compared to high level waste glass) in order to reduce the reliance on engineered and natural barrier systems. Durable ceramic waste forms that incorporate a wide range of radionuclides have the potential to broaden the available disposal options and to lower the storage and disposal costs associated with advanced fuel cycles. Assemblages of several titanate phases have been successfully demonstrated to incorporate radioactive waste elements, and the multiphase nature of these materials allows them to accommodate variation in the waste composition. Recent work has shown that they can be successfully produced from a melting and crystallization process. The objective of this report is to explain the design of ceramic host systems culminating in a reference ceramic formulation for use in subsequent studies on process optimization and melt property data assessment in support of FY13 melter demonstration testing. The waste stream used as the basis for the development and testing is a combination of the projected Cs/Sr separated stream, the Trivalent Actinide - Lanthanide Separation by Phosphorous reagent Extraction from Aqueous Komplexes (TALSPEAK) waste stream consisting of lanthanide fission products, the transition metal fission product waste stream resulting from the transuranic extraction (TRUEX) process, and a high molybdenum concentration with relatively low noble metal concentrations. In addition to the combined CS/LN/TM High Mo waste stream, variants without Mo and without Mo and Zr were also evaluated. Based on the results of fabricating and characterizing several simulated ceramic waste forms, two reference ceramic waste form compositions are recommended in this report. The first composition targets the CS/LN/TM combined waste stream with and without Mo. The second composition targets with CS/LN/TM combined waste stream with Mo and Zr removed. Waste streams that contain Mo must be produced in reducing environments to avoid Cs-Mo oxide phase formation. Waste streams without Mo have the ability to be melt processed in air. A path forward for further optimizing the processing steps needed to form the targeted phase assemblages is outlined in this report. Processing modifications including melting in a reducing atmosphere, and controlled heat treatment schedules are anticipated to improve the targeted elemental partitioning.

Brinkman, K.; Fox, K.; Marra, J.

2012-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

314

INDOS: conversational computer codes to implement ICRP-10-10A models for estimation of internal radiation dose to man  

SciTech Connect

INDOS1, INDOS2, and INDOS3 (the INDOS codes) are conversational FORTRAN IV programs, implemented for use in time-sharing mode on the ORNL PDP-10 System. These codes use ICRP10-10A models to estimate the radiation dose to an organ of the body of Reference Man resulting from the ingestion or inhalation of any one of various radionuclides. Two patterns of intake are simulated: intakes at discrete times and continuous intake at a constant rate. The IND0S codes provide tabular output of dose rate and dose vs time, graphical output of dose vs time, and punched-card output of organ burden and dose vs time. The models of internal dose calculation are discussed and instructions for the use of the INDOS codes are provided. The INDOS codes are available from the Radiation Shielding Information Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, P. O. Box X, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37830. (auth)

Killough, G.G.; Rohwer, P.S.

1974-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

R FPGA Motor Control Reference Design  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With the growing complexity of motor and motion control applications, it becomes apparent that a Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) offers significant advantage over the off the shelf Application Specific Standard Product (ASSP) solutions in the areas of performance, flexibility and inventory control. With an FPGA, calculations that would normally consume large amounts of CPU time when implemented in software may be hardware accelerated. Using hardware acceleration allows for more functionality within the system software. Custom motor drive interfaces such as PWM can be developed easily, quickly and at low cost. Additionally, because of full configurability, the same FPGA can be used in various product ranges, reducing the need to maintain inventory for multiple devices. This application note describes the Spartan™-3 device based FPGA Motor Control Reference Design. This design utilizes the MicroBlaze ™ 32-bit CPU soft core, floating point unit, and associated memory subsystems, SPI communications interface, and IP specifically designed to control brushless DC (BLDC) and three phase AC induction motors. Design files can be found at www.xilinx.com/bvdocs/appnotes/xapp808.zip.

Craig Hackney

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

SAPHIRE 8 Volume 2 - Technical Reference  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Systems Analysis Programs for Hands-on Integrated Reliability Evaluations (SAPHIRE) refers to a set of computer programs that were developed to create and analyze probabilistic risk assessment (PRAs). Herein information is provided on the principles used in the construction and operation of Version 8.0 of the SAPHIRE system. This report summarizes the fundamental mathematical concepts of sets and logic, fault trees, and probability. This volume then describes the algorithms used to construct a fault tree and to obtain the minimal cut sets. It gives the formulas used to obtain the probability of the top event from the minimal cut sets, and the formulas for probabilities that apply for various assumptions concerning reparability and mission time. It defines the measures of basic event importance that SAPHIRE can calculate. This volume gives an overview of uncertainty analysis using simple Monte Carlo sampling or Latin Hypercube sampling, and states the algorithms used by this program to generate random basic event probabilities from various distributions. Also covered are enhance capabilities such as seismic analysis, Workspace algorithms, cut set "recovery," end state manipulation, and use of "compound events."

C. L. Smith; S. T. Wood; W. J. Galyean; J. A. Schroeder; M. B. Sattison

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Biomass Scenario Model Documentation: Data and References  

SciTech Connect

The Biomass Scenario Model (BSM) is a system dynamics model that represents the entire biomass-to-biofuels supply chain, from feedstock to fuel use. The BSM is a complex model that has been used for extensive analyses; the model and its results can be better understood if input data used for initialization and calibration are well-characterized. It has been carefully validated and calibrated against the available data, with data gaps filled in using expert opinion and internally consistent assumed values. Most of the main data sources that feed into the model are recognized as baseline values by the industry. This report documents data sources and references in Version 2 of the BSM (BSM2), which only contains the ethanol pathway, although subsequent versions of the BSM contain multiple conversion pathways. The BSM2 contains over 12,000 total input values, with 506 distinct variables. Many of the variables are opportunities for the user to define scenarios, while others are simply used to initialize a stock, such as the initial number of biorefineries. However, around 35% of the distinct variables are defined by external sources, such as models or reports. The focus of this report is to provide insight into which sources are most influential in each area of the supply chain.

Lin, Y.; Newes, E.; Bush, B.; Peterson, S.; Stright, D.

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Reference repository design concept for bedded salt  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A reference design concept is presented for the subsurface portions of a nuclear waste repository in bedded salt. General geologic, geotechnical, hydrologic and geochemical data as well as descriptions of the physical systems are provided for use on generic analyses of the pre- and post-sealing performance of repositories in this geologic medium. The geology of bedded salt deposits and the regional and repository horizon stratigraphy are discussed. Structural features of salt beds including discontinuities and dissolution features are presented and their effect on repository performance is discussed. Seismic hazards and the potential effects of earthquakes on underground repositories are presented. The effect on structural stability and worker safety during construction from hydrocarbon and inorganic gases is described. Geohydrologic considerations including regional hydrology, repository scale hydrology and several hydrological failure modes are presented in detail as well as the hydrological considerations that effect repository design. Operational phase performance is discussed with respect to operations, ventilation system, shaft conveyances, waste handling and retrieval systems and receival rates of nuclear waste. Performance analysis of the post sealing period of a nuclear repository is discussed, and parameters to be used in such an analysis are presented along with regulatory constraints. Some judgements are made regarding hydrologic failure scenarios. Finally, the design and licensing process, consistent with the current licensing procedure is described in a format that can be easily understood.

Carpenter, D.W.; Martin, R.W.

1980-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

319

EIA - Reference Case Projection Tables 1990-2030  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Tables (1990-2030) Tables (1990-2030) International Energy Outlook 2006 Reference Case Projections Tables (1990-2030) Formats Data Table Titles (1 to 14 complete) Reference Case Projections Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Reference Case Projections Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table A1 World Total Primary Energy Consumption by Region, Reference Case Reference Case Projections Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Reference Case Projections Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table A2 World Total Energy Consumption by Region and Fuel, Reference Case Reference Case Projections Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800.

320

Renewable Energy Monitoring Evaluation Terms of Reference | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Renewable Energy Monitoring Evaluation Terms of Reference Renewable Energy Monitoring Evaluation Terms of Reference Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Renewable Energy Monitoring Evaluation Terms of Reference Agency/Company /Organization: World Bank Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Policies/deployment programs Website: web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/TOPICS/EXTENERGY2/EXTRENENERGYTK/0,, References: Renewable Energy Monitoring Evaluation Terms of Reference[1] Resources Design of a Monitoring and Evaluation Plan Audit of Solar Home Systems Project Mid-term Review Panel for Solar Home Systems Project Socio-Economic Survey of the Photovoltaic Pilot Project References ↑ "Renewable Energy Monitoring Evaluation Terms of Reference" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Renewable_Energy_Monitoring_Evaluation_Terms_of_Reference&oldid=329154"

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rfd reference dose" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

DOE EVMS Cross Reference Checklist | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE EVMS Cross Reference Checklist More Documents & Publications DOE EVMS CROSS Reference Checklist DOE EVMS Risk Assessment Matrix Microsoft Word - g413.3-10Final5-6-08.doc...

322

EIA - International Energy Outlook 2007-Reference Case Projections...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Reference Case Projections by End-Use Sector and Region Data Tables (2004-2030) International Energy Outlook 2007 Reference Case Projections by End-Use Sector and Region Data...

323

Dose rate visualization of radioisotope thermoelectric generators  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Advanced visualization techniques can be used to investigate gamma ray and neutron dose rates around complex dose rate intensive operations. A method has been developed where thousands of dose points are calculated using the MCNP(Monte Carlo N-Particle) computer code and then displayed to create color contour plots of the dose rate for complex geometries. Once these contour plots are created, they are sequenced together creating an animation to dynamically show how the dose rate changes with changes in the geometry or source over time.

Schwarz, R.A.; Kessler, S.F.; Tomaszewski, T.A.

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Development of Standard Reference Materials for Vitamins B6 ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Development of Standard Reference Materials for Vitamins B6 and B12 in Human Serum. Summary: Vitamins are essential ...

2013-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

325

Development of a Standard Reference Material for Vitamin D ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Office of Dietary Supplements to develop a Standard Reference Material for ... which incorporates stable isotope labeled internal standards for both ...

2013-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

326

EPRI Underground Distribution Systems Reference Book (The Bronze Book)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) has developed the first edition of the EPRI Underground Distribution Systems Reference Book (Bronze Book). This reference, authored by leading industry expert authors, joins the EPRI series of Power Delivery technical references, commonly known by the color of their covers. The Bronze Book has been written to be a meaningful reference to utility engineers and personnel involved in the planning, design, manufacture, installation, operation, and maintenance of ...

2010-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

327

The NIST Reference on Constants, Units, and Uncertainty  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The NIST Reference on Constants, Units and Uncertainty, Information at the foundation of modern science and technology from the Physical ...

328

Radiological assessment. A textbook on environmental dose analysis  

SciTech Connect

Radiological assessment is the quantitative process of estimating the consequences to humans resulting from the release of radionuclides to the biosphere. It is a multidisciplinary subject requiring the expertise of a number of individuals in order to predict source terms, describe environmental transport, calculate internal and external dose, and extrapolate dose to health effects. Up to this time there has been available no comprehensive book describing, on a uniform and comprehensive level, the techniques and models used in radiological assessment. Radiological Assessment is based on material presented at the 1980 Health Physics Society Summer School held in Seattle, Washington. The material has been expanded and edited to make it comprehensive in scope and useful as a text. Topics covered include (1) source terms for nuclear facilities and Medical and Industrial sites; (2) transport of radionuclides in the atmosphere; (3) transport of radionuclides in surface waters; (4) transport of radionuclides in groundwater; (5) terrestrial and aquatic food chain pathways; (6) reference man; a system for internal dose calculations; (7) internal dosimetry; (8) external dosimetry; (9) models for special-case radionuclides; (10) calculation of health effects in irradiated populations; (11) evaluation of uncertainties in environmental radiological assessment models; (12) regulatory standards for environmental releases of radionuclides; (13) development of computer codes for radiological assessment; and (14) assessment of accidental releases of radionuclides.

Till, J.E.; Meyer, H.R. (eds.)

1983-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

International linear collider reference design report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The International Linear Collider will give physicists a new cosmic doorway to explore energy regimes beyond the reach of today's accelerators. A proposed electron-positron collider, the ILC will complement the Large Hadron Collider, a proton-proton collider at the European Center for Nuclear Research (CERN) in Geneva, Switzerland, together unlocking some of the deepest mysteries in the universe. With LHC discoveries pointing the way, the ILC -- a true precision machine -- will provide the missing pieces of the puzzle. Consisting of two linear accelerators that face each other, the ILC will hurl some 10 billion electrons and their anti-particles, positrons, toward each other at nearly the speed of light. Superconducting accelerator cavities operating at temperatures near absolute zero give the particles more and more energy until they smash in a blazing crossfire at the centre of the machine. Stretching approximately 35 kilometres in length, the beams collide 14,000 times every second at extremely high energies -- 500 billion-electron-volts (GeV). Each spectacular collision creates an array of new particles that could answer some of the most fundamental questions of all time. The current baseline design allows for an upgrade to a 50-kilometre, 1 trillion-electron-volt (TeV) machine during the second stage of the project. This reference design provides the first detailed technical snapshot of the proposed future electron-positron collider, defining in detail the technical parameters and components that make up each section of the 31-kilometer long accelerator. The report will guide the development of the worldwide R&D program, motivate international industrial studies and serve as the basis for the final engineering design needed to make an official project proposal later this decade.

Aarons, G.

2007-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

330

Federal Employee Training Desk Reference | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Federal Employee Training Desk Reference Federal Employee Training Desk Reference Federal Employee Training Desk Reference The DOE Federal Employee Training Desk Reference provides guidance on what is considered a training request, the approval and authorization for a training request and the allowable costs for training. The desk references also discusses the individual development plans (IDP) and the resposibilities the supervisor and employees have regarding the IDPs. Guidance on long-term and extended training is also provided. Computing the length and recording training time is also discussed. Also included in the desk reference is the integrated training management which discusses the need for a training needs assessment, the annual training plan and the annual training summary report. The desk reference also defines the

331

Renewable Energy Economic and Financial Analysis Terms of Reference | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Renewable Energy Economic and Financial Analysis Terms of Reference Renewable Energy Economic and Financial Analysis Terms of Reference Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Renewable Energy Economic and Financial Analysis Terms of Reference Agency/Company /Organization: World Bank Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Finance, Implementation, Market analysis Website: web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/TOPICS/EXTENERGY2/EXTRENENERGYTK/0,, References: Renewable Energy Economic and Financial Analysis Terms of Reference[1] Resources Techno-Economic Comparison of Off-grid Options -- Assessment of Household, Battery Charging and Isolated Micro-Grid Systems Economic Analysis of Solar PV Systems Component References ↑ "Renewable Energy Economic and Financial Analysis Terms of Reference" Retrieved from

332

Federal Employee Training Desk Reference | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Federal Employee Training Desk Reference Federal Employee Training Desk Reference Federal Employee Training Desk Reference The DOE Federal Employee Training Desk Reference provides guidance on what is considered a training request, the approval and authorization for a training request and the allowable costs for training. The desk references also discusses the individual development plans (IDP) and the resposibilities the supervisor and employees have regarding the IDPs. Guidance on long-term and extended training is also provided. Computing the length and recording training time is also discussed. Also included in the desk reference is the integrated training management which discusses the need for a training needs assessment, the annual training plan and the annual training summary report. The desk reference also defines the

333

Desk Reference on DOE-Flex | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Desk Reference on DOE-Flex Desk Reference on DOE-Flex Desk Reference on DOE-Flex The information in this desk reference supplements DOE N 314.1, DOE-Flex: DOE's Telework Program, and the Office of Personnel Management's (OPM's) Guide to Telework in the Federal Government. The format of this desk reference follows the structure of the OPM guide, with the following exceptions: It describes one additional type of telework arrangement that applies in DOE It contains a frequently asked question section as additional guidance It contains sample forms that may be used or modified by a Departmental element as needed This desk reference replaces the Handbook on DOE-Flex, DOE's Flexiplace Program dated March 2000. The information in this desk reference should be further supplemented by a Departmental element to address local procedures.

334

Simulation of dose reduction in tomosynthesis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: Methods for simulating dose reduction are valuable tools in the work of optimizing radiographic examinations. Using such methods, clinical images can be simulated to have been collected at other, lower, dose levels without the need of additional patient exposure. A recent technology introduced to healthcare that needs optimization is tomosynthesis, where a number of low-dose projection images collected at different angles is used to reconstruct section images of an imaged object. The aim of the present work was to develop a method of simulating dose reduction for digital radiographic systems, suitable for tomosynthesis. Methods: The developed method uses information about the noise power spectrum (NPS) at the original dose level and the simulated dose level to create a noise image that is added to the original image to produce an image that has the same noise properties as an image actually collected at the simulated dose level. As the detective quantum efficiency (DQE) of digital detectors operating at the low dose levels used for tomosynthesis may show a strong dependency on the dose level, it is important that a method for simulating dose reduction for tomosynthesis takes this dependency into account. By applying an experimentally determined relationship between pixel mean and pixel variance, variations in both dose and DQE in relevant dose ranges are taken into account. Results: The developed method was tested on a chest tomosynthesis system and was shown to produce NPS of simulated dose-reduced projection images that agreed well with the NPS of images actually collected at the simulated dose level. The simulated dose reduction method was also applied to tomosynthesis examinations of an anthropomorphic chest phantom, and the obtained noise in the reconstructed section images was very similar to that of an examination actually performed at the simulated dose level. Conclusions: In conclusion, the present article describes a method for simulating dose reduction suitable for tomosynthesis. However, the method applies equally well to any digital radiographic system, although the benefits of correcting for DQE variations may be smaller.

Svalkvist, Angelica; Baath, Magnus [Department of Radiation Physics, University of Gothenburg, SE-413 45 Gothenburg (Sweden) and Department of Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, SE-413 45 Gothenburg (Sweden)

2010-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

335

Dose estimates of alternative plutonium pyrochemical processes.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have coupled our dose calculation tool Pandemonium with a discrete-event, object-oriented, process-modeling system ProMosO to analyze a set of alternatives for plutonium purification operations. The results follow expected trends and indicate, from a dose perspective, that an experimental flowsheet may warrant further research to see if it can be scaled to industrial levels. Flowsheets that include fluoride processes resulted in the largest doses.

Kornreich, D. E. (Drew E.); Jackson, J. W. (Joseph W.); Boerigter, S. T. (Stephen T.); Averill, W. A. (William A.); Fasel, J. H. (Joseph H.)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Low Dose Radiation Research Program: Transgenerational Effects...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Transgenerational Effects of Chronic Low-Dose Irradiation in a Medaka Fish Model System Colorado State University Why this Project? There are major gaps in our knowledge about...

337

Low Dose Radiation Research Program: Research Highlights  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

energy, are the surrounding unirradiated cells also at an increased risk of cancer? Latest Research, Response to Fukushima, Integrating Low Dose into Policy-All Featured at...

338

ORISE: Radiation Dose Estimates and Other Compendia  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

article addresses methods that can be used to rapidly estimate internal and external radiation dose magnitudes that can be used to help guide early medical management. Included...

339

Low Dose Radiation Program: Selected Websites  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The views expressed in these links do not necessarily reflect the view of the Low Dose Radiation Research Program. Scientific Links Agencies with Radiation Regulatory...

340

Low Dose Radiation Research Program: Katherine Vallis  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Margaret Hospital Newly Funded Project The Characterization of Genetic Responses to Low Dose Radiation Using a Genome-Wide Insertional Mutagensis Approach Technical Abstracts 2005...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rfd reference dose" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

'Slow-Blooming Phases' in High Dose  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ab Initio Study of Radiation-Induced Amorphization Mechanisms in SiC and ZrC ... and Irradiation Hardening of Zircaloy during Low Dose Neutron Irradiation at ...

342

Low Dose Radiation Research Program: Mohan Natarajan  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of Survival Advantage, Bystander Effect, and Genomic Instability after Low-LET Low Dose Radiation Exposure Funded Project Real-Time Molecular Study of Bystander Effect Using...

343

Low Dose Radiation Research Program: Multidimensional Analysis...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Multidimensional Analysis of Human Epithelial Cell Response to Low Dose Radiation Mary Helen Barcellos-Hoff Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Berkeley, CA. (Jointly funded by...

344

APPENDIX. TERMS OF REFERENCE Terms of Reference for the 41st Northeast Stock Assessment Workshop  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

projection) using the same configurations as those used in the 2004 SAW Southern Demersal Working Group (WG) assessment update. 2. Estimate biological reference points derived by yield and SSB per recruit analysis and by stock-recruitment modeling, following the procedures adopted by the 2002 Working Group on Re-Evaluation of Biological Reference Points for New England Groundfish. 3. Consider the recommendations of the MAFMC Science and Statistical Committee (SSC) 2001 peer review of the summer flounder Overfishing Definition in developing the analyses described in TOR 2. The major recommendations were to explore other proxies (besides Fmax) to FMSY, to continue stock-recruitment model development as additional stock-recruit estimates become available, and to monitor and utilize new data on the population dynamics of summer flounder (e.g., age, growth, and maturity) as they become available. 4. Review, evaluate and report on the status of the SARC/Working Group research recommendations offered in previous SARC and WG reviewed assessments. B. Bluefish- ASMFC Technical Committee/Assessment Subcommittee 1. Evaluate adequacy, appropriateness and uncertainty of fishery-dependent and fisheryindependent

Woods Hole; A. Summer; Flounder Saw; Southern Demersal

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Existing Commercial Reference Buildings Constructed In or After 1980 -  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Existing Commercial Reference Buildings Constructed In or After Existing Commercial Reference Buildings Constructed In or After 1980 - Archive Existing Commercial Reference Buildings Constructed In or After 1980 - Archive Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed in or after 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available. Archived Reference Buildings Building Type Version 1.2_4.0 updated 3/12/10 Large office (ZIP 2.3 MB) Medium office (ZIP 2.2 MB) Small office (ZIP 1.4 MB) Warehouse (ZIP 980 KB) Stand-alone retail (ZIP 2 MB) Strip mall (ZIP 2.3 MB) Primary school (ZIP 2.7 MB) Secondary school (ZIP 3.9 MB) Supermarket (ZIP 2.2 MB) Quick service restaurant (ZIP 1.1 MB)

346

Existing Commercial Reference Buildings Constructed In or After 1980 |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Existing Commercial Reference Buildings Constructed In or After Existing Commercial Reference Buildings Constructed In or After 1980 Existing Commercial Reference Buildings Constructed In or After 1980 The files on this page contain commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed in or after 1980, organized by building type and location. These U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) reference buildings are complete descriptions for whole building energy analysis. You can also return to a summary of building types and climate zones and information about other building vintages. These files are updated regularly. There are two versions of these files on this page. Version 1.3_5.0 was updated September 27, 2010 and Version 1.4_7.2 was updated November 13, 2012. You can also view related resources: an archive of past reference buildings files

347

Existing Commercial Reference Buildings Constructed Before 1980 - Archive  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Existing Commercial Reference Buildings Constructed Before 1980 - Existing Commercial Reference Buildings Constructed Before 1980 - Archive Existing Commercial Reference Buildings Constructed Before 1980 - Archive Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed before 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available. Archived Reference Buildings Building Type Version 1.2_4.0 updated 3/12/10 Large office (ZIP 2.3 MB) Medium office (ZIP 2.2 MB) Small office (ZIP 1.4 MB) Warehouse (ZIP 980 KB) Stand-alone retail (ZIP 2 MB) Strip mall (ZIP 2.3 MB) Primary school (ZIP 2.7 MB) Secondary school (ZIP 3.9 MB) Supermarket (ZIP 2.2 MB) Quick service restaurant (ZIP 1.1 MB) Full service restaurant

348

Reference Self Diffusion Mobility Data for CALPHAD and Beyond  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Reference Self Diffusion Mobility Data for CALPHAD and Beyond. Author(s) ... Development of New Ferrous Alloys with High Al Content.

349

Atomic Reference Data for Electronic Structure Calculations - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 7, 2007 ... For this resource, data have been generated for atomic electronic structure calculations, to provide a standard reference for results of specified ...

350

New NIST Standard Reference Material to Help Calibrate ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Scientists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have developed a new standard reference material (SRM), the first such ...

2013-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

351

NIST Reference Materials Are 'Gold Standard' for Bio ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NIST Reference Materials Are 'Gold Standard' for Bio-Nanotech Research. ... The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has issued its ...

2013-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

352

Certification of Three NIST Renewal Soil Standard Reference ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... a baseline agricultural soil, a highly contaminated soil ... g of the 201Hg enriched isotope ... primary reference materials including high-purity compounds ...

2010-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

353

Designing Renewable Energy Financing Mechanism Terms of Reference | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Designing Renewable Energy Financing Mechanism Terms of Reference Designing Renewable Energy Financing Mechanism Terms of Reference (Redirected from Designing Renewable Energy Financing Mechanisms) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Designing Renewable Energy Financing Mechanisms Agency/Company /Organization: World Bank Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Finance, Implementation, Market analysis Website: web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/TOPICS/EXTENERGY2/EXTRENENERGYTK/0,, References: Designing Renewable Energy Financing Mechanisms[1] Resources Design of Micro-hydro Funding Facility and Community Mobilization Support Design of Institutional and Financial Intermediation Scheme for a Micro hydro Power Development Program Design of a Rural Energy Fund References ↑ "Designing Renewable Energy Financing Mechanisms"

354

Renewable Energy Terms of Reference: Laws, Policies and Regulations | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

form form View source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Renewable Energy Terms of Reference: Laws, Policies and Regulations Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Renewable Energy Terms of Reference: Laws, Policies and Regulations Agency/Company /Organization: World Bank Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Policies/deployment programs Website: web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/TOPICS/EXTENERGY2/EXTRENENERGYTK/0,, References: Renewable Energy Terms of Reference: Laws, Policies and Regulations[1] Resources Sustainable Service Delivery Model Through Distributed Renewable

355

October 2010, Facility Representative Qualification Standard Reference Guide  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Facility Facility Representative Qualification Standard Reference Guide OCTOBER 2010 Table of Contents i LIST OF FIGURES ..................................................................................................................... iii LIST OF TABLES ........................................................................................................................ v ACRONYMS ................................................................................................................................ vi PURPOSE ...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ........................................................................................................................................... 1

356

Uranium and Thorium Ores and Impurity Reference Materials Price...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Safety & Health spacer Office of Science Chicago Office - New Brunswick Laboratory Uranium and Thorium Ores and Impurity Reference Materials Price List Return to Price List...

357

Operational Plan and Desktop Reference for the Disability Employment...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Operational Plan and Desktop Reference for the Veterans Employment Program Disabled Veterans Affirmative Action Plan Office of Personnel Management (OPM) Guidance on...

358

Portfolio Manager Technical Reference: U.S. National Energy Use...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

here Home Buildings & Plants Portfolio Manager Technical Reference: U.S. National Energy Use Intensity Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login...

359

EIA - Reference Case Projections for Electricity Capacity and...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

for Electricity Capacity and Generation by Fuel (2003-2030) International Energy Outlook 2006 Reference Case Projections for Electricity Capacity and Generation by Fuel Data Tables...

360

Reference No. DE-SOL-0005388 - Sources Sought Notice - Mission...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

88 Sources Sought Notice Mission Execution and Strategic Analysis (MESA) Support Services Reference No. DE-SOL-0005388-The previous separate actions for Mission Execution...

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361

Reference No. DE-SOL-0005395 - Sources Sought Notice - Research...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

95 Sources Sought Notice Research and Development Implementation and Support Services (RADIS) Reference No. DE-SOL-0005395-A draft solicitation is anticipated to be issued...

362

DOE EVMS CROSS Reference Checklist | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOEEVMSCROSSREFERENCECHECKLIST.pdf More Documents & Publications DOE EVMS Cross Reference Checklist DOE EVMS Risk Assessment Matrix Microsoft Word - g413.3-10Final5-6-08...

363

NERSC/DOE ASCR Requirements Workshop Reference Materials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Reference Materials Large Scale Computing and Storage Requirements for Advanced Scientific Computing Research January 5-6, 2011 Official DOE Invitation Workshop Invitation Letter...

364

Draft CMRR SEIS References | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Draft CMRR SEIS References Home > About Us > Our Operations > NNSA Office of General Counsel > National Environmental...

365

FAQS Reference Guide – Safeguards and Security General Technical Base  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the July 2009 edition of DOE-STD-1123-2009, Safeguards and Security General Technical Base Qualification Standard.

366

2005 EIA-821 SURVEY: LINE-BY-LINE REFERENCE GUIDE  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

2010 EIA-821 SURVEY: LINE-BY-LINE REFERENCE GUIDE. Kerosene. ... • Geothermal energy drilling company • Logging company •Privately owned port or loading dock

367

Draft SPD SEIS Master Reference List | National Nuclear Security...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

SPD SEIS Master Reference List | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response...

368

Terms of Reference for the International Partnership for the...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

TERMS OF REFERENCE FOR THE INTERNATIONAL PARTNERSHIP FOR THE HYDROGEN ECONOMY Introduction A growing number of countries have made commitments to accelerate the development and...

369

NERSC/DOE BER Requirements Workshop Reference Materials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Directors Workshop Invitation Letter from DOE ASCR Program Manager Yukiko Sekine Past ESnet requirements workshop reports (provided for reference) ESnet Requirements Workshop...

370

Optimization Online - TfMin: Short Reference Manual  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Jul 23, 2002 ... TfMin: Short Reference Manual. Jean-Baptiste Caillau (caillau ***at*** enseeiht.fr ) Joseph Gergaud (gergaud ***at*** enseeiht.fr)

371

Materials Handbook: A Concise Desktop Reference, Second ... - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Aug 21, 2008 ... The Materials Handbook, A Concise Desktop Reference by Dr. François Cardarelli is what it is, a nicely packaged handbook of materials ...

372

Bayesian Reference Inference on the Ratio of Poisson Rates.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Bayesian reference analysis is a method of determining the prior under the Bayesian paradigm. It incorporates as little information as possible from the experiment. Estimation… (more)

Guo, Changbin

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Value Assignment of Light Stable Isotope Reference Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... prepared by H. Svec, Iowa State University. ... to relate field measurements to stated references in ... RM 8564 (Biogenic, Modern Biomass Origin) GS ...

2011-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

374

Renewable Energy Cross Sectoral Assessments Terms of Reference...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon Renewable Energy Cross Sectoral Assessments Terms of Reference Jump to: navigation, search...

375

Reference Materials and Standards for Fossil Fuels, Electric ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... of the energy consumed by the US Along with ... from the specification of fossil fuel raw materials ... relevant reference materials to support the emerging ...

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Forecasting the Dose and Dose Rate from a Solar Particle Event Using Localized Weighted Regression  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dose/Dose Rate / Special Issue on the 11th International Conference on Radiation Shielding and the 15th Topical Meeting of the Radiation Protection and Shielding Division (Part 1) / Radiation Protection

T. F. Nichols; L. W. Townsend; J. W. Hines

377

An updated dose assessment for Rongelap Island  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have updated the radiological dose assessment for Rongelap Island at Rongelap Atoll using data generated from field trips to the atoll during 1986 through 1993. The data base used for this dose assessment is ten fold greater than that available for the 1982 assessment. Details of each data base are presented along with details about the methods used to calculate the dose from each exposure pathway. The doses are calculated for a resettlement date of January 1, 1995. The maximum annual effective dose is 0.26 mSv y{sup {minus}1} (26 mrem y{sup {minus}1}). The estimated 30-, 50-, and 70-y integral effective doses are 0.0059 Sv (0.59 rem), 0.0082 Sv (0.82 rem), and 0.0097 Sv (0.97 rem), respectively. More than 95% of these estimated doses are due to 137-Cesium ({sup 137}Cs). About 1.5% of the estimated dose is contributed by 90-Strontium ({sup 90}Sr), and about the same amount each by 239+240-Plutonium ({sup 239+240}PU), and 241-Americium ({sup 241}Am).

Robison, W.L.; Conrado, C.L.; Bogen, K.T.

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Low Dose Radiation Program: Workshop VI Abstracts  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Workshop VI Principal Investigator and Abstracts Workshop VI Principal Investigator and Abstracts Anderson, Carl Whole Genome Analysis of Functional Protein Binding Sites and DNA Methylation: Application to p53 and Low Dose Ionizing Radiation. Averbeck, Dietrich Cellular Responses at Low Doses of Ionizing Radiation. Azzam, Edouard Adaptive Responses to Low Dose/Low Dose-Rate ?-Rays in Normal Human Fibroblasts: The Role of Oxidative Metabolism. Bailey, Susan The Role of Telomere Dysfunction in Driving Genomic Instability. Balajee, Adayabalam Low Dose Radiation Induced DNA Damage Signaling and Repair Responses in Human 3-Dimensional Skin Model System. Barcellos-Hoff, Mary Helen Imaging Bioinformatics for Mapping Multidimensional Responses. Barcellos-Hoff, Mary Helen Biological Response to Radiation Mediated through the Microenvironment and

379

Low Dose Radiation Research Program: About  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

About About Background. Extensive research on the health effects of radiation using standard epidemiological and toxicological approaches has been done for decades to characterize responses of populations and individuals to high radiation doses, and to set exposure standards to protect both the public and the workforce. These standards were set using models that extrapolated from the cancers observed following exposure to high doses of radiation to predicted, but not measurable, changes in cancer frequency at low radiation doses. The use of models was necessary because of our inability to detect changes in cancer incidence following low doses of radiation. Historically, the predominant approach has been the Linear-no-Threshold model (see Wikipedia entry) and collective dose concept that assumes each unit of radiation, no

380

Low Dose Radiation Research Program: National Laboratories  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

National Laboratories National Laboratories The Low Dose Radiation Program funding encompasses several Scientific Focus Areas (SFAs). The SFAs fund merit-reviewed research at DOE national laboratories. This management approach was created in 2008 by the Office of Biological and Environmental Research (BER) within the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Office of Science. PNNL's Low Dose Radiation Research Program Scientific Focus Area Linear and Nonlinear Tissue-Signaling Mechanisms in Response to Low Dose and Low Dose-Rate Radiation This program is funded as a U.S. Department of Energy Scientific Focus Area (SFA), and is an integrated cooperative program to understand low dose radiation effects in a complex model system. Coordinating Multidisciplinary Expertise The SFAs are designed to take advantage of the multidisciplinary,

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rfd reference dose" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Low Dose Radiation Research Program: Universities  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Universities Universities | Duke University | Loma Linda University | Northwestern University | University of Chicago | University of California Davis | Northwestern University University of Chicago University of California Davis Effects of Low Dose Irradiation on NF-κB Signaling Networks and Mitochondria Principal Investigator: Dr. Gayle Woloschak DOE Low Dose Research Program Projects Low dose-low dose rate irradiation leads to long term changes in numbers of mitochondria and mitochondrial genomes - Principal Investigator: Gayle Woloschak, Professor, Department of Radiation Oncology, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, USA NF-κB-mediated pro-survival network in low dose radiation-induced adaptive protection - Principal Investigator: Jian Jian Li, Professor, Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California Davis, Davis,

382

Draft Air Pathway Report: Phase 1 of the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the air pathway portion of the first phase of the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction (HEDR) Project, conducted by Battelle staff at the Pacific Northwest Laboratory under the direction of an independent Technical Steering Panel. The HEDR Project is estimating historical radiation doses that could have been received by populations near the Department of Energy's Hanford Site, in southeastern Washington State. Phase 1 of the air-pathway dose reconstruction sought to determine whether dose estimates could be calculated for populations in the 10 counties nearest the Hanford Site from atmospheric releases of iodine-131 from the site from 1944--1947. Phase 1 demonstrated the following: HEDR-calculated source-term estimates of iodine-131 releases to the atmosphere were within 20% of previously published estimates; calculated vegetation concentrations of iodine-131 agree well with previously published measurements; the highest of the Phase 1 preliminary dose estimates to the thyroid are consistent with independent, previously published estimates of doses to maximally exposed individuals; and relatively crude, previously published measurements of thyroid burdens for Hanford workers are in the range of average burdens that the HEDR model estimated for similar reference individuals'' for the period 1944--1947. 4 refs., 10 figs., 9 tabs.

Not Available

1990-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

383

Corrosion reference for geothermal downhole materials selection: Overview  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A consolidated reference of materials for downhole equipment used in geothermal energy exploitation is nearing completion. The reference is a summary of recent developments in the areas of tubular goods materials, highly alloyed metals, high temperature cements, high temperature elastomers, drilling and completion tools, logging tools, and downwell pumps. A brief overview is presented in this paper.

Ellis, Peter F.

1982-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

384

Graph-based reference table construction to facilitate entity matching  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Entity matching plays a crucial role in information integration among heterogeneous data sources, and numerous solutions have been developed. Entity resolution based on reference table has the benefits of high efficiency and being easy to update. In ... Keywords: Entity matching, Graph clustering, Reference table

Fangda Wang, Hongzhi Wang, Jianzhong Li, Hong Gao

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

References/Bibliography Based on the "Publication Manual of the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

author's work. Steps in referencing · Record the full bibliographic details and relevant page numbers of page - italicised, viewed date-in-full, web address. Reference type In-text examples Reference list, check with your lecturer or tutor for the bibliographic style preferred by the School. There may

Wang, Yan

386

Realism and reference ontologies: Considerations, reflections and problems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In “Ontological realism: Methodology or misdirection?” I offered a detailed critique of the position referred to as “realism” taken by Barry Smith and Werner Ceusters. This position is claimed to serve as the basis for a “realist ... Keywords: Reference ontology, application ontology, empiricism, metaphysics, ontological methodology, realism

Gary H. Merrill

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Towards a Reference Model for Surveying Mobile Agent Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There are increasing numbers of systems and research projects involving software agents and mobile agents. However, there is no reference model or conceptual framework to compare the resulting systems. In this paper, we propose a reference model to identify, ... Keywords: agent-based applications, mobile agent systems, mobile agents

Alberto Rodrigues Silva; Artur Romão; Dwight Deugo; Miguel Mira Da Silva

2001-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Quality assessment of GPS reprocessed terrestrial reference frame  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The International GNSS Service (IGS) contributes to the construction of the International Terrestrial Reference Frame (ITRF) by submitting time series of station positions and Earth Rotation Parameters (ERP). For the first time, its submission to the ... Keywords: GNSS, Geocenter motion, Loading, Systematic errors, Terrestrial reference frames

Xavier Collilieux; Laurent Métivier; Zuheir Altamimi; Tonie Dam; Jim Ray

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Sensors and Controls Characteristics Reference Guide Research Project |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Sensors and Controls Characteristics Sensors and Controls Characteristics Reference Guide Research Project Sensors and Controls Characteristics Reference Guide Research Project The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is currently conducting research into a reference guide about building sensors and controls characteristics. Project Description This project seeks to develop a Sensors and Controls Characteristics Reference Guide through a series of market engagements with building researchers, manufacturers, and users. When completed, the reference will serve as a guide to develop and deploy low-cost sensor systems defined by high-value case studies, as well as develop and deploy a "controls" open-source platform that enables validation and adoption of algorithms. Project Partners Research is being undertaken by DOE, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory,

390

EIA - International Energy Outlook 2007-Reference Case Projection Tables  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Reference Case Projections Tables (1990-2030) Reference Case Projections Tables (1990-2030) International Energy Outlook 2007 Reference Case Projections Tables (1990-2030) Formats Data Table Titles (1 to 14 complete) Reference Case Projections Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Reference Case Projections Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table A1 World Total Primary Energy Consumption by Region Table A1. World Total Primary Energy Consumption by Region. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table A2 World Total Energy Consumption by Region and Fuel Table A2. World Total Energy Consumption by Region and Fuel. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800.

391

Operational Plan and Desktop Reference for the Veterans Employment Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Operational Plan and Desktop Reference for the Veterans Employment Operational Plan and Desktop Reference for the Veterans Employment Program Operational Plan and Desktop Reference for the Veterans Employment Program DOE Guide to the President's Initiative for Veterans Employment. Includes: Department-wide policies and procedures, goals and objectives, DVAAP, information on veterans' preference and special hiring authorities, procedures for use of vocational rehabilitation programs, sources for finding veterans, and links to websites. Operational Plan and Desktop Reference for the Veterans Employment Program Responsible Contacts Donna Friend HUMAN RESOURCES SPECIALIST E-mail donna.friend@hq.doe.dov Phone 202-586-5880 More Documents & Publications Operational Plan and Desktop Reference for the Disability Employment Program

392

New Construction - Commercial Reference Buildings | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

New Construction - Commercial Reference Buildings New Construction - Commercial Reference Buildings New Construction - Commercial Reference Buildings The files on this page contain commercial reference building models for new construction, organized by building type and location. These U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) reference buildings are complete descriptions for whole building energy analysis. You can also return to a summary of building types and climate zones and information about other building vintages. These files are updated regularly and comply with ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90.1-2004. For more information about standards, visit the ASHRAE Web site. There are two versions of these files on this page. Version 1.3_5.0 was updated September 27, 2010 and Version 1.4_7.2 was updated November 13, 2012.

393

EIA - International Energy Outlook 2007 - Reference Case Projections for  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Reference Case Projections for Electricity Capacity and Generation by Fuel Tables (2004-2030) Reference Case Projections for Electricity Capacity and Generation by Fuel Tables (2004-2030) International Energy Outlook 2007 Reference Case Projections for Electricity Capacity and Generation by Fuel Tables (2004-2030) Formats Data Table Titles (1 to 12 complete) Reference Case Projections for Electricity Capacity and Generation by Fuel Data Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Reference Case Projections for Electricity Capacity and Generation by Fuel Data Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table H1 World Total Installed Generating Capacity by Region and Country Table H1. World Total Installed Generating Capacity by Region and Country. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800.

394

Renewable Energy Pipeline Development Terms of Reference | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Renewable Energy Pipeline Development Terms of Reference Renewable Energy Pipeline Development Terms of Reference Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Renewable Energy Pipeline Development Terms of Reference Agency/Company /Organization: World Bank Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Biomass, Hydro, Solar, Wind Topics: Implementation Website: web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/TOPICS/EXTENERGY2/EXTRENENERGYTK/0,, References: Renewable Energy Pipeline Development Terms of Reference[1] Resources Preparation of Mini-hydro Private Power Projects Off-Grid Village Hydro Subproject Preparation Off-Grid Subprojects Pipeline Development Development of Wind Farm Projects - Local Consultants Bagasse/Rice Husk Co-generation Project Preparation Biomass Cogeneration Projects Preparation Design of a PV Pilot Concession

395

Manager's Desk Reference on Human Capital Management Flexibilities |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Manager's Desk Reference on Human Capital Management Flexibilities Manager's Desk Reference on Human Capital Management Flexibilities Manager's Desk Reference on Human Capital Management Flexibilities The purpose of this document is to provide DOE managers and supervisors with information on available flexibilities that can be used in day-to-day human capital management activities, especially those bearing on the recruitment and retention of high-quality staff. Each section of the document includes a basic description of a particular tool as well as Frequently Asked Questions related to how to best use it in a given set of circumstances or in combination with other flexibilities, unless they are available elsewhere, in which the web link is listed under References for that section. At the end of each section are references with web links that

396

Operational Plan and Desktop Reference for the Veterans Employment Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Operational Plan and Desktop Reference for the Veterans Employment Operational Plan and Desktop Reference for the Veterans Employment Program Operational Plan and Desktop Reference for the Veterans Employment Program DOE Guide to the President's Initiative for Veterans Employment. Includes: Department-wide policies and procedures, goals and objectives, DVAAP, information on veterans' preference and special hiring authorities, procedures for use of vocational rehabilitation programs, sources for finding veterans, and links to websites. Operational Plan and Desktop Reference for the Veterans Employment Program Responsible Contacts Donna Friend HUMAN RESOURCES SPECIALIST E-mail donna.friend@hq.doe.dov Phone 202-586-5880 More Documents & Publications Operational Plan and Desktop Reference for the Disability Employment Program

397

Designing Renewable Energy Financing Mechanism Terms of Reference | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Designing Renewable Energy Financing Mechanism Terms of Reference Designing Renewable Energy Financing Mechanism Terms of Reference Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Designing Renewable Energy Financing Mechanisms Agency/Company /Organization: World Bank Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Finance, Implementation, Market analysis Website: web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/TOPICS/EXTENERGY2/EXTRENENERGYTK/0,, References: Designing Renewable Energy Financing Mechanisms[1] Resources Design of Micro-hydro Funding Facility and Community Mobilization Support Design of Institutional and Financial Intermediation Scheme for a Micro hydro Power Development Program Design of a Rural Energy Fund References ↑ "Designing Renewable Energy Financing Mechanisms" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Designing_Renewable_Energy_Financing_Mechanism_Terms_of_Reference&oldid=383234"

398

EIA - Appendix H - Reference Case Projections for Electricity Capacity and  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Reference Case Projections for Electricity Capacity and Generation by Fuel Tables (2005-2030) Reference Case Projections for Electricity Capacity and Generation by Fuel Tables (2005-2030) International Energy Outlook 2008 Reference Case Projections for Electricity Capacity and Generation by Fuel Tables (2005-2030) Formats Data Table Titles (1 to 12 complete) Reference Case Projections for Electricity Capacity and Generation by Fuel Data Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Reference Case Projections for Electricity Capacity and Generation by Fuel Data Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table H1 World Total Installed Generating Capacity by Region and Country Table H1. World Total Installed Generating Capacity by Region and Country. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800.

399

NETL: Oil & Natural Gas Technologies Reference Shelf  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Reference Shelf Reference Shelf NETL Oil & Natural Gas Technologies Reference Shelf Solicitations Project Summaries Publications News Releases Software/Databases CDs/DVDs EOR Illustrations Welcome to the NETL Oil & Natural Gas Technologies Reference Shelf. Recently released and in-demand reference materials are available directly from this page using the links below. Online Database of Oil and Natural Gas Research Results Now Available The Knowledge Management Database (KMD) provides easy access to the results of nearly four decades of research supported by the Office of Fossil Energy’s Oil and Natural Gas Program. The database portal provides access to content from dozens of CDs and DVDs related to oil and natural gas research that FE's National Energy Technology Laboratory has published over the years. It

400

GENERAL TECHNICAL BASELINE QUALIFICATION STANDARD SUGGESTED STUDY REFERENCES  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Baseline Qualification Standard Suggested Study References Baseline Qualification Standard Suggested Study References 2007 revision This list provides suggested study references for the technical competencies of the General Technical Base Qualification Standard (DOE STD 1146-2007). More comprehensive resources are available through the DOE Online Learning Center's training courses and the study guides available through the Federal Technical Capability Panel web site. The Uniform Resource Locaters for these sites are listed in the Standard. This list is arranged by Technical Competency, followed by the suggested reference source. Some competencies deal directly with DOE or Federal directives, and they are also the reference. In a few cases, the Study Guide is the only concise source, and appropriate sections are listed.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rfd reference dose" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

EIA - Appendix A - Reference Case Projection Tables 1990-2030  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Reference Case Projections Tables (1990-2030) Reference Case Projections Tables (1990-2030) International Energy Outlook 2008 Reference Case Projections Tables (1990-2030) Formats Data Table Titles (1 to 14 complete) Reference Case Projections Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Reference Case Projections Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table A1 World Total Primary Energy Consumption by Region Table A1. World Total Primary Energy Consumption by Region. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table A2 World Total Energy Consumption by Region and Fuel Table A2. World Total Energy Consumption by Region and Fuel. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800.

402

Radiological Dose Calculations for Fusion Facilities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report summarizes the results and rationale for radiological dose calculations for the maximally exposed individual during fusion accident conditions. Early doses per unit activity (Sieverts per TeraBecquerel) are given for 535 magnetic fusion isotopes of interest for several release scenarios. These data can be used for accident assessment calculations to determine if the accident consequences exceed Nuclear Regulatory Commission and Department of Energy evaluation guides. A generalized yearly dose estimate for routine releases, based on 1 Terabecquerel unit releases per radionuclide, has also been performed using averaged site parameters and assumed populations. These routine release data are useful for assessing designs against US Environmental Protection Agency yearly release limits.

Michael L. Abbott; Lee C. Cadwallader; David A. Petti

2003-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Patient-specific radiation dose and cancer risk estimation in CT: Part II. Application to patients  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Current methods for estimating and reporting radiation dose from CT examinations are largely patient-generic; the body size and hence dose variation from patient to patient is not reflected. Furthermore, the current protocol designs rely on dose as a surrogate for the risk of cancer incidence, neglecting the strong dependence of risk on age and gender. The purpose of this study was to develop a method for estimating patient-specific radiation dose and cancer risk from CT examinations. Methods: The study included two patients (a 5-week-old female patient and a 12-year-old male patient), who underwent 64-slice CT examinations (LightSpeed VCT, GE Healthcare) of the chest, abdomen, and pelvis at our institution in 2006. For each patient, a nonuniform rational B-spine (NURBS) based full-body computer model was created based on the patient's clinical CT data. Large organs and structures inside the image volume were individually segmented and modeled. Other organs were created by transforming an existing adult male or female full-body computer model (developed from visible human data) to match the framework defined by the segmented organs, referencing the organ volume and anthropometry data in ICRP Publication 89. A Monte Carlo program previously developed and validated for dose simulation on the LightSpeed VCT scanner was used to estimate patient-specific organ dose, from which effective dose and risks of cancer incidence were derived. Patient-specific organ dose and effective dose were compared with patient-generic CT dose quantities in current clinical use: the volume-weighted CT dose index (CTDI{sub vol}) and the effective dose derived from the dose-length product (DLP). Results: The effective dose for the CT examination of the newborn patient (5.7 mSv) was higher but comparable to that for the CT examination of the teenager patient (4.9 mSv) due to the size-based clinical CT protocols at our institution, which employ lower scan techniques for smaller patients. However, the overall risk of cancer incidence attributable to the CT examination was much higher for the newborn (2.4 in 1000) than for the teenager (0.7 in 1000). For the two pediatric-aged patients in our study, CTDI{sub vol} underestimated dose to large organs in the scan coverage by 30%-48%. The effective dose derived from DLP using published conversion coefficients differed from that calculated using patient-specific organ dose values by -57% to 13%, when the tissue weighting factors of ICRP 60 were used, and by -63% to 28%, when the tissue weighting factors of ICRP 103 were used. Conclusions: It is possible to estimate patient-specific radiation dose and cancer risk from CT examinations by combining a validated Monte Carlo program with patient-specific anatomical models that are derived from the patients' clinical CT data and supplemented by transformed models of reference adults. With the construction of a large library of patient-specific computer models encompassing patients of all ages and weight percentiles, dose and risk can be estimated for any patient prior to or after a CT examination. Such information may aid in decisions for image utilization and can further guide the design and optimization of CT technologies and scan protocols.

Li Xiang; Samei, Ehsan; Segars, W. Paul; Sturgeon, Gregory M.; Colsher, James G.; Toncheva, Greta; Yoshizumi, Terry T.; Frush, Donald P. [Medical Physics Graduate Program, Carl E. Ravin Advanced Imaging Laboratories, Department of Radiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Carl E. Ravin Advanced Imaging Laboratories, Department of Radiology, Medical Physics Graduate Program, Department of Physics, and Department of Biomedical Engineering, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Carl E. Ravin Advanced Imaging Laboratories, Department of Radiology, Medical Physics Graduate Program, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Carl E. Ravin Advanced Imaging Laboratories, Department of Radiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27705 and Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599 (United States); Department of Radiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Duke Radiation Dosimetry Laboratory, Department of Radiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Duke Radiation Dosimetry Laboratory, Department of Radiology, Medical Physics Graduate Program, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Division of Pediatric Radiology, Department of Radiology, Medical Physics Graduate Program, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27710 (United States)

2011-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

404

Preliminary assessment of radiological doses in alternative waste management systems without an MRS facility  

SciTech Connect

This report presents generic analyses of radiological dose impacts of nine hypothetical changes in the operation of a waste management system without a monitored retrievable storage (MRS) facility. The waste management activities examined in this study include those for handling commercial spent fuel at nuclear power reactors and at the surface facilities of a deep geologic repository, and the transportation of spent fuel by rail and truck between the reactors and the repository. In the reference study system, the radiological doses to the public and to the occupational workers are low, about 170 person-rem/1000 metric ton of uranium (MTU) handled with 70% of the fuel transported by rail and 30% by truck. The radiological doses to the public are almost entirely from transportation, whereas the doses to the occupational workers are highest at the reactors and the repository. Operating alternatives examined included using larger transportation casks, marshaling rail cars into multicar dedicated trains, consolidating spent fuel at the reactors, and wet or dry transfer options of spent fuel from dry storage casks. The largest contribution to radiological doses per unit of spent fuel for both the public and occupational workers would result from use of truck transportation casks, which are smaller than rail casks. Thus, reducing the number of shipments by increasing cask sizes and capacities (which also would reduce the number of casks to be handled at the terminals) would reduce the radiological doses in all cases. Consolidating spent fuel at the reactors would reduce the radiological doses to the public but would increase the doses to the occupational workers at the reactors.

Schneider, K.J.; Pelto, P.J.; Daling, P.M.; Lavender, J.C.; Fecht, B.A.

1986-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Status and Opportunities for Improving the Consistency of Technical Reference Manuals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Technical Reference Manuals 1 Tina Jayaweera, Aquilarely on Technical Reference Manuals (TRMs) as sources forTechnical Reference Manuals (TRMs) document savings

Jayaweera, Tina

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project monthly report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction MDR) Project is to estimate the radiation doses that individuals and populations could have received from nuclear operations at Hanford since 1944. The TSP consists of experts in envirorunental pathways. epidemiology, surface-water transport, ground-water transport, statistics, demography, agriculture, meteorology, nuclear engineering. radiation dosimetry. and cultural anthropology. Included are appointed members representing the states of Oregon, Washington, and Idaho, a representative of Native American tribes, and an individual representing the public. The project is divided into the following technical tasks. These tasks correspond to the path radionuclides followed from release to impact on humans (dose estimates): Source Terms; Environmental Transport; Environmental Monitoring Data Demography, Food Consumption, and Agriculture; and Environmental Pathways and Dose Estimates.

McMakin, A.H., Cannon, S.D.; Finch, S.M. [comps.

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project. Monthly report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction (HEDR) Project is to estimate the radiation doses that individuals and populations could have received from nuclear operations at Hanford since 1944. The TSP consists of experts in environmental pathways, epidemiology, surface-water transport, ground-water transport, statistics, demography, agriculture, meteorology, nuclear engineering, radiation dosimetry, and cultural anthropology. Included are appointed technical members representing the states of Oregon, Washington, and Idaho, a representative of Native American tribes, and an individual representing the public. The project is divided into the following technical tasks. These tasks correspond to the path radionuclides followed from release to impact on humans (dose estimates): Source terms, environmental transport, environmental monitoring data, demography, food consumption, and agriculture, and environmental pathways and dose estimates. Progress is discussed.

McMakin, A.H.; Cannon, S.D.; Finch, S.M. [comps.

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Low Dose Radiation Research Program: Michael Weil  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dubrova, Y., Weil, M., and Brenner, D. H2AX Foci after Low Dose-Rate Irradiation Reveal a Defect in DNA DSB Processing in Cells from Unaffected Parents of...

409

Low Dose Radiation Research Program: Mina Bissell  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Abstracts 2006 Workshop: 3D Tissue Models for the Study of the Effects of Low-Dose Irradiation Nelson, C.M., Fata, J E., Kenny, P.A., and Bissell, M.J. Publications Kumari, I.,...

410

Low Dose Radiation Research Program: David Nelson  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

L.E., Nelson, D., Sorensen, K., Tucker, J.D., and Wyrobek, A.J. (2005). Low-dose irradiation alters the transcript profiles of human lymphoblasoid cells, including genes...

411

Low Dose Radiation Research Program: Thomas Weber  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2005 Workshop: A Paracrine Signal Mediates The Cell Transformation Response To Low Dose Gamma Radiation in JB6 Cells. Weber, T.J., Siegel, R.W., Markillie, L.M., Chrisler,...

412

Low Dose Radiation Research Program: Molecular Characterization...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the Role of SOD Genes in Mammalian Cellular Response to Low Dose Ionizing Radiation Chaun-Yuan Li Duke University Medical Center Durham, NC Why this Project? To evaluate the roles...

413

Low Dose Radiation Research Program: Micronutrient Deficiency...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DNA damage is appreciable and increases with age,3;4 Our aim is to compare low dose radiation with micronutrient deficiency, and endogenous damage by a variety of measures...

414

General reference frames and their associated space manifolds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We propose a formal definition of a general reference frame in a general spacetime, as an equivalence class of charts. This formal definition corresponds with the notion of a reference frame as being a (fictitious) deformable body, but we assume, moreover, that the time coordinate is fixed. This is necessary for quantum mechanics, because the Hamiltonian operator depends on the choice of the time coordinate. Our definition allows us to associate rigorously with each reference frame F, a unique "space" (a three-dimensional differentiable manifold), which is the set of the world lines bound to F. This also is very useful for quantum mechanics.

Arminjon, Mayeul

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Radiation Leukemogenesis at Low Dose Rates  

SciTech Connect

The major goals of this program were to study the efficacy of low dose rate radiation exposures for the induction of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and to characterize the leukemias that are caused by radiation exposures at low dose rate. An irradiator facility was designed and constructed that allows large numbers of mice to be irradiated at low dose rates for protracted periods (up to their life span). To the best of our knowledge this facility is unique in the US and it was subsequently used to study radioprotectors being developed for radiological defense (PLoS One. 7(3), e33044, 2012) and is currently being used to study the role of genetic background in susceptibility to radiation-induced lung cancer. One result of the irradiation was expected; low dose rate exposures are ineffective in inducing AML. However, another result was completely unexpected; the irradiated mice had a very high incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), approximately 50%. It was unexpected because acute exposures are ineffective in increasing HCC incidence above background. This is a potential important finding for setting exposure limits because it supports the concept of an ?inverse dose rate effect? for some tumor types. That is, for the development of some tumor types low dose rate exposures carry greater risks than acute exposures.

Weil, Michael; Ullrich, Robert

2013-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

416

USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 22 |  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 22 USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 22 Agriculture Community Menu DATA APPS EVENTS DEVELOPER STATISTICS COLLABORATE ABOUT Agriculture You are here Data.gov » Communities » Agriculture » Data USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 22 Dataset Summary Description The USDA Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 22 (SR22) is the major source of food composition data in the United States and provides the foundation for most public and private sector databases. SR22 contains nutrient data for over 7,500 food items for up to 143 food components, such as vitamins, minerals, amino acids, and fatty acids. It replaces the previous release, Tags {"food composition","nutrient compostion"}

417

Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Large Hotel | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Large Hotel Large Hotel Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Large Hotel Here you will find past versions of the reference buildings for new construction commercial buildings, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available. You can download ZIP files that contain the following: An EnergyPlus software input file (.idf) An html file showing the results from the EnergyPlus simulation (.html) A spreadsheet that summarizes the inputs and results for each location (.xls) The EnergyPlus TMY2 weather file (.epw). benchmark-v1.0_3.0-large_hotel.zip benchmark-v1.1_3.1-large_hotel.zip benchmark-new-v1.2_4.0-large_hotel.zip More Documents & Publications Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Small Hotel

418

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 Early Release Reference Case  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Early Release Reference Case Early Release Reference Case AEO2013 Early Release Rollout Presentation Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies Johns Hopkins University December 5, 2012 | Washington, D.C. by Adam Sieminski, Administrator Key results from the AEO2013 Reference case: 2 * Growth in energy production outstrips consumption growth * Crude oil production, particularly from tight oil plays, rises sharply over the next decade * Natural gas production is higher throughout the Reference case projection than it was in AEO2012, serving the industrial and power sectors and an expanding export market * Motor gasoline consumption reflects the introduction of more stringent fuel economy standards, while diesel fuel consumption is moderated by increased natural gas use in heavy-duty vehicles

419

Property:GreenButtonReference | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GreenButtonReference GreenButtonReference Jump to: navigation, search Property Name GreenButtonReference Property Type URL Description This field is displays the URL for Green Button related news or announcements from a utility Pages using the property "GreenButtonReference" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A AEP Generating Company + http://www.aep.com/newsroom/newsreleases/?id=1753 + AEP Texas Central Company + http://www.emeter.com/smart-grid-watch/2012/texas-soon-to-go-live-with-green-button/ + AEP Texas North Company + http://www.emeter.com/smart-grid-watch/2012/texas-soon-to-go-live-with-green-button/ + Ameren Illinois Company (Illinois) + http://blogs.edf.org/energyexchange/files/2013/04/Ameren-AMI-Plan-Update-April-2013-Report.pdf +

420

TRANSPORTATION AND TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Transportation Transportation & Traffic Management Qualification Standard Reference Guide APRIL 2010 This page is intentionally blank. i LIST OF FIGURES ...................................................................................................................... ii LIST OF TABLES ........................................................................................................................ ii ACRONYMS ................................................................................................................................ iv PURPOSE...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ...........................................................................................................................................

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rfd reference dose" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

POA&M Training Reference Material (April 2011)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

POA&M Training Reference POA&M Training Reference Material April 2011 POA&M Training Reference Material April 2011 2 What is a POA&M? * Plan of Actions and Milestones A POA&M is a management tool for tracking the mitigation of cyber security program and system level findings/weaknesses. Sources of POA&Ms * Where do POA&Ms come from? External findings (e.g., HSS, IG, GAO, Site Office reviews, etc.) Internal findings (e.g., In-house self-assessments, peer reviews, etc.) Certification & Accreditation (C&A) Activities (e.g., Failed certification tests, etc.) POA&M Training Reference Material April 2011 3 What is not a POA&M? * A POA&M is not an Action Tracking Plan. * A POA&M is not a Corrective Action Plan, or CAP.

422

Spatial Estimation of Reference Evapotranspiration in Andalusia, Spain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Knowledge of the spatial and temporal distribution of reference crop evapotranspiration (ET0) is of interest for regional water resources management, especially in areas of the world where fine-tuning of agricultural water demands over large ...

Karl Vanderlinden; Juan Vicente Giráldez; Marc Van Meirvenne

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

UK Windspeed Reference/Archival Database The windspeed database...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

UK Windspeed ReferenceArchival Database The windspeed database provides estimates of mean annual wind speed throughout the UK, averaged over a 1-kilometer square area, at each of...

424

A New Method for Calibrating Reference and Field Pyranometers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A simple method for calibrating reference pyranometers is described. Called the alternate method, it requires monitoring of direct irradiance and diffuse and global irradiance voltages without the need for a calibrated diffuse pyranometer. The ...

Bruce W. Forgan

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Medium office | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Medium office Medium office Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Medium office Here you will find past versions of the reference buildings for new construction commercial buildings, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available. You can download ZIP files that contain the following: An EnergyPlus software input file (.idf) An html file showing the results from the EnergyPlus simulation (.html) A spreadsheet that summarizes the inputs and results for each location (.xls) The EnergyPlus TMY2 weather file (.epw). benchmark-v1.0_3.0-medium_office.zip benchmark-v1.1_3.1-medium_office.zip benchmark-new-v1.2_4.0-medium_office.zip More Documents & Publications Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Large office

426

ORISE: U.S. Climate Reference Network (USCRN)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Climate Reference Network (USCRN) Climate Reference Network (USCRN) U.S. Climate Reference Network (USCRN) Map courtesy of the National Climatic Data Center The U.S. Climate Reference Network (USCRN), a network of climate stations, records real-time temperature, precipitation, wind speed, and solar radiation trends across the rural United States and in some parts of Canada. A National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) initiative, the USCRN consists of a total of 121 stations throughout the continental U.S., Alaska, Hawaii and Canada. With an unparalleled 99.9 percent reporting accuracy, the USCRN provides the most accurate and reliable environmental climate data that the U.S. has ever collected. Its primary purpose is to provide consistent, long-term (50 to 100 years) observations of temperature

427

Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 7 Duluth,  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7 7 Duluth, Minnesota Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 7 Duluth, Minnesota In addition to the ZIP file for each building type, you can directly view the "scorecard" spreadsheet that summarizes the inputs and results for each location. This Microsoft Excel spreadsheet is also included in the ZIP file. For version 1.4, only the IDF file is included. refbldg_7a_usa_mn_duluth_pre1980_v1.3_5.0.zip refbldg_7a_usa_mn_duluth_pre1980_v1-4_7-2.zip More Documents & Publications Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 3B Los Angeles, California Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 3C San Francisco, California Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 5A Chicago, Illinois

428

SAFETY SOFTWARE QUALITY ASSURANCE QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Safety Software Safety Software Quality Assurance Qualification Standard Reference Guide MARCH 2011 This page intentionally left blank Table of Contents i LIST OF FIGURES ...................................................................................................................... ii LIST OF TABLES ........................................................................................................................ ii ACRONYMS ................................................................................................................................ iii PURPOSE ...................................................................................................................................... 1 PREFACE ...................................................................................................................................... 1

429

Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Large office | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Large office Large office Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Large office Here you will find past versions of the reference buildings for new construction commercial buildings, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available. You can download ZIP files that contain the following: An EnergyPlus software input file (.idf) An html file showing the results from the EnergyPlus simulation (.html) A spreadsheet that summarizes the inputs and results for each location (.xls) The EnergyPlus TMY2 weather file (.epw). benchmark-v1.0_3.0-large_office.zip benchmark-v1.1_3.1-large_office.zip benchmark-new-v1.2_4.0-large_office.zip More Documents & Publications Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Large Hotel

430

SAFEGUARDS & SECURITY GENERAL TECHNICAL BASE QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

&Security General Technical Base Qualification Standard Reference Guide JANUARY 2010 This page is intentionally blank. Table of Contents i LIST OF FIGURES ..................................................................................................................... iv LIST OF TABLES ....................................................................................................................... iv ACRONYMS ................................................................................................................................. v PURPOSE...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ...........................................................................................................................................

431

Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Hospital | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hospital Hospital Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Hospital Here you will find past versions of the reference buildings for new construction commercial buildings, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available. You can download ZIP files that contain the following: An EnergyPlus software input file (.idf) An html file showing the results from the EnergyPlus simulation (.html) A spreadsheet that summarizes the inputs and results for each location (.xls) The EnergyPlus TMY2 weather file (.epw). benchmark-v1.0_3.0-hospital.zip benchmark-v1.1_3.1-hospital.zip benchmark-new-v1.2_4.0-hospital.zip More Documents & Publications Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Large office

432

Reference Links | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Reference Links Reference Links Integrated Support Center (ISC) ISC Home About Services Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) Privacy Act Advisory Exemptions How to Submit a FOIA Request Fee Waiver and Reduction Criteria Electronic Reading Room ISC Conventional Reading Rooms Reference Links Privacy Act Categorical Exclusion Determinations Contact Information Integrated Support Center Roxanne Purucker U.S. Department of Energy 9800 S. Cass Avenue Argonne, IL 60439 P: (630) 252-2110 Larry Kelly U.S. Department of Energy 200 Administration Road Oak Ridge, TN 37830 P: (865) 576-0885 Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) Reference Links Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page FOIA, 5 U.S.C. Sec. 552, As Amended by Public Law No. 104-231, 110 Stat. 2422 External link DOE Implementing Regulations, 10 CFR 1004 External link

433

Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 6A  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

A A Minneapolis, Minnesota Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 6A Minneapolis, Minnesota In addition to the ZIP file for each building type, you can directly view the "scorecard" spreadsheet that summarizes the inputs and results for each location. This Microsoft Excel spreadsheet is also included in the ZIP file. For version 1.4, only the IDF file is included. refbldg_6a_usa_mn_minneapolis_post1980_v1.3_5.0.zip refbldg_6a_usa_mn_minneapolis_post1980_v1-4_7-2.zip More Documents & Publications Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 7 Duluth, Minnesota Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 5A Chicago, Illinois Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 5B Boulder,

434

Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 8 Fairbanks,  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Climate Zone and Representative City: 8 Climate Zone and Representative City: 8 Fairbanks, Alaska Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 8 Fairbanks, Alaska In addition to the ZIP file for each building type, you can directly view the "scorecard" spreadsheet that summarizes the inputs and results for each location. This Microsoft Excel spreadsheet is also included in the ZIP file. For version 1.4, only the IDF file is included. refbldg_8a_usa_ak_fairbanks_post1980_v1.3_5.0.zip refbldg_8a_usa_ak_fairbanks_post1980_v1-4_7-2.zip More Documents & Publications Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 3A Atlanta, Georgia Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 6B Helena, Montana Reference Buildings by Building Type: Secondary school

435

ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS AND SAFETY OVERSIGHT QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Electrical Electrical Systems and Safety Oversight Qualification Standard Reference Guide DECEMBER 2009 This page is intentionally blank. Table of Contents i. i LIST OF FIGURES ..................................................................................................................... vi LIST OF TABLES ..................................................................................................................... viii ACRONYMS ................................................................................................................................ ix PURPOSE ...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ........................................................................................................................................... 1

436

NNSA PACKAGE CERTIFICATION ENGINEER QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

NNSA Package NNSA Package Certification Engineer Qualification Standard Reference Guide FEBRUARY 2010 This page is intentionally blank. i Table of Contents LIST OF FIGURES ...................................................................................................................... ii LIST OF TABLES ........................................................................................................................ ii ACRONYMS ................................................................................................................................ iii PURPOSE...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ...........................................................................................................................................

437

Reference Links | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Reference Links Reference Links Integrated Support Center (ISC) ISC Home About Services Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) Privacy Act Compilation of Systems of Records Energy Employees Occupational Illness Compensation Program Act (EEOICPA) How to Submit a Privacy Act Request Reference Links Categorical Exclusion Determinations Contact Information Integrated Support Center Roxanne Purucker U.S. Department of Energy 9800 S. Cass Avenue Argonne, IL 60439 P: (630) 252-2110 Larry Kelly U.S. Department of Energy 200 Administration Road Oak Ridge, TN 37830 P: (865) 576-0885 Privacy Act Reference Links Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page Privacy Act of 1974 and Amendments, 5 USC 552a External link DOE Implementing Regulations, 10 CFR 1008 External link DOE Privacy Act Compilation External link

438

Microsoft Word - Coal Working Group Terms of Reference.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

US-India Energy Dialogue Coal Working Group Terms of Reference Goals: To enhance the understanding of coal-related energy issues and promote the exchange of information on...

439

NIST Releases Gulf of Mexico Crude Oil Reference Material  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NIST Releases Gulf of Mexico Crude Oil Reference Material. ... Each unit of SRM 2779 consists of five ampoules, each containing 1.2 mL of crude oil. ...

2012-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

440

Search Reference Guide For Staff and Faculty Positions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Search Reference Guide For Staff and Faculty Positions January 2013 *New Feature* A significant change in PA 7 is the search feature which allows a user to develop real- tiime reporting searches targeted to their needs

Farritor, Shane

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rfd reference dose" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Annual Energy Outlook 2006 with Projections to 2030 - Reference...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Year-by-Year Reference Case Tables (2003-2030) Annual Energy Outlook 2006 with Projections to 2030 To view or print in PDF format, Adobe Acrobat Reader 6.0 MS Excel Viewer...

442

Waste tank headspace gas and vapor characterization reference guide  

SciTech Connect

This document is to serve as a reference guide for gas and vapor sample results presented in tank characterization reports. It describes sampling equipment, devices, and protocols, and sample collection and analysis methods common to all vapor samples.

Huckaby, J.L.

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

References, Canceled -7 Section B - April 16 2010 | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

areas. These references are currently used in S&S directives. As with the Glossary, revisions to this Section are encouraged and should be submitted to the Office of...

444

A meta-algorithm for the generation of referring expressions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes a new approach to the generation of referring expressions. We propose to formalize a scene as a labeled directed graph and describe content selection as a subgraph construction problem. Cost functions are used to guide ...

Emiel Krahmer; Sebastiaan van Erk; André Verleg

2001-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City:...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

A Houston, Texas Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 2A Houston, Texas In addition to the ZIP file for each building type, you can directly view the...

446

REFERENCE: The Blue Planet An Introduction to Earth System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

REFERENCE: The Blue Planet An Introduction to Earth System Science. Brian J. Skinner and Barbara Glacier E. Piedmont Glaciers #12;A. Cirque glaciers occupies a bowl shape depression on a mountainside

Gilbes, Fernando

447

World Oil Refining Logistics Demand Model "World" Reference Manual  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This manual is intended primarily for use as a reference by analysts applying the WORLD model to regional studies. It also provides overview information on WORLD features of potential interest to managers and analysts.

Information Center

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Nuclear Science References Coding Manual D.F. Winchell  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nuclear Science References Coding Manual D.F. Winchell National Nuclear Data Center Brookhaven and coding procedures for specific topics . . 18 3.2.1 NUCLEAR REACTIONS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 3.2.2 RADIOACTIVITY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 3.2.3 NUCLEAR STRUCTURE

Homes, Christopher C.

449

Low-Dose/Dose-Rate Low-LET Radiation Protects Us from Cancer  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dose/Dose-Rate Low-LET Radiation Protects Us from Cancer Dose/Dose-Rate Low-LET Radiation Protects Us from Cancer Bobby R. Scott, Ph.D. and Jennifer D. Di Palma Lovelace Respiratory Research Institute, 2425 Ridgecrest Drive SE Albuquerque, NM 87108 USA Life on earth evolved in a low-level ionizing radiation environment comprised of terrestrial radiation and cosmic rays. Today we all reside in an ionizing radiation environment comprised of both natural background radiation and radiation from human activities (e.g., Chernobyl accident). An evolutionary benefit of the interaction of low-level, low linear-energy-transfer (LET) ionizing radiation with mammalian life forms on earth is adapted protection. Adapted protection involves low-dose/dose-rate, low-LET radiation induced high-fidelity DNA repair in cooperation with normal apoptosis (presumed p53

450

External dose-rate conversion factors for calculation of dose to the public  

SciTech Connect

This report presents a tabulation of dose-rate conversion factors for external exposure to photons and electrons emitted by radionuclides in the environment. This report was prepared in conjunction with criteria for limiting dose equivalents to members of the public from operations of the US Department of Energy (DOE). The dose-rate conversion factors are provided for use by the DOE and its contractors in performing calculations of external dose equivalents to members of the public. The dose-rate conversion factors for external exposure to photons and electrons presented in this report are based on a methodology developed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. However, some adjustments of the previously documented methodology have been made in obtaining the dose-rate conversion factors in this report. 42 refs., 1 fig., 4 tabs.

Not Available

1988-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

HVDC Reference Book (Olive Book): Additional New Topics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The EPRI High-Voltage Direct Current (HVDC) Transmission Reference Book is a state-of-the-art guidebook that provides transmission companies with a comprehensive, single source of technical information and guidance for designing, building, operating, and extending the life of HVDC transmission systems. The book joins the landmark series of EPRI power delivery reference books. These comprehensive guidebooks—each printed with a distinctive colored cover—document and distill the ...

2013-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

452

EPRI Switching Safety and Reliability Reference Book: Second Edition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Switching operations in electric power systems must be performed safely to avoid injury to workers who perform the operations, and to minimize the possibility of unscheduled outages or equipment damage due to erroneous switching.This report is the second edition of the EPRI Switching Safety and Reliability Reference Book.  The book, known as the “Black Book,” joins the EPRI Color Book series of valuable reference ...

2013-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

453

EPRI Switching Safety and Reliability Reference Book: First Edition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Switching operations in electric power systems must be performed safely to avoid injury to the workers who perform the operations and to minimize the possibility of unscheduled outages or equipment damage due to erroneous switching.This report is the first edition of the EPRI Switching Safety and Reliability Reference Book. The book, known as the “Black Book,” joins the EPRI Color Book series of reference materials. Additional chapters of the EPRI Switching ...

2013-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

454

Development Of Competences Of National Reference Laboratory For Mass Measurement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The national reference laboratory for mass in Bosnia and Herzegovina uses non-automatic weighing scales as a national reference standard. This research was performed in order to prove competences of this laboratory through accreditation in accordance with international standard EN ISO/IEC 17025. The analysis of measurement results obtained by calibration of weighing instruments described in this paper, describes the effects of individual contributions to the combined measurement uncertainty.

Samir Lemeš; Nermina Zaimovi?-Uzunovi?; Šejla Ališi?; Haris Memic

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

In-Plant Ash-Handling Reference Manual  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Despite problems with ash-handling systems that have led to failures in electrostatic precipitators, there has been no extensive reference manual for specifying, operating, and maintaining such systems. The comprehensive manual compiled in this study serves as a reference for every phase of boiler bottom ash- and fly ash-handling systems design and operation as well as a primer for those unfamiliar with these systems.

1986-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

High Voltage Direct Current (HVDC) Transmission Reference Book  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The EPRI High-Voltage Direct Current (HVDC) Transmission Reference Book is a state-of-the-art guidebook that provides transmission companies with a comprehensive, single source of technical information and guidance for designing, building, operating, and extending the life of HVDC transmission systems. The book joins the landmark series of EPRI power delivery reference books. These comprehensive guidebooks—each printed with a distinctive colored cover—document and distill the ...

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

457

Reliability Centered Maintenance (RCM) Technical Reference for Power Delivery  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This technical reference expands on the original reliability centered maintenance (RCM) research performed by EPRI in the late 1990s. It incorporates nearly ten years of utility RCM experience in power delivery and emphasizes the requirements of managing and measuring maintenance programs. RCM's overall goal is to improve the economic posture of a utility by promoting cost-effective application of maintenance resources. This "Technical Reference for Power Delivery" serves as the "handbook" of RCM for the...

2003-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

458

Liquefied natural gas. A literature survey issued quarterly. [225 references  

SciTech Connect

The literature survey covers approximately 225 references under 25 headings: thermodynamic properties of methane; other properties of methane; phase equilibria of methane; other properties of methane mixtures; liquefaction and separation; regasification;peak shaving and terminal storage plants; liquid storage; importation of LNG; ground transportation; sea transportation; liquid pipelines; heat and mass transport; safety; sorption; instrumentation; gas fields and cavern storage; transportation and other applications; general references; economic factors; miscellaneous; patents; energy; and SNG. (MCW)

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Automated size-specific CT dose monitoring program: Assessing variability in CT dose  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: The potential health risks associated with low levels of ionizing radiation have created a movement in the radiology community to optimize computed tomography (CT) imaging protocols to use the lowest radiation dose possible without compromising the diagnostic usefulness of the images. Despite efforts to use appropriate and consistent radiation doses, studies suggest that a great deal of variability in radiation dose exists both within and between institutions for CT imaging. In this context, the authors have developed an automated size-specific radiation dose monitoring program for CT and used this program to assess variability in size-adjusted effective dose from CT imaging. Methods: The authors radiation dose monitoring program operates on an independent health insurance portability and accountability act compliant dosimetry server. Digital imaging and communication in medicine routing software is used to isolate dose report screen captures and scout images for all incoming CT studies. Effective dose conversion factors (k-factors) are determined based on the protocol and optical character recognition is used to extract the CT dose index and dose-length product. The patient's thickness is obtained by applying an adaptive thresholding algorithm to the scout images and is used to calculate the size-adjusted effective dose (ED{sub adj}). The radiation dose monitoring program was used to collect data on 6351 CT studies from three scanner models (GE Lightspeed Pro 16, GE Lightspeed VCT, and GE Definition CT750 HD) and two institutions over a one-month period and to analyze the variability in ED{sub adj} between scanner models and across institutions. Results: No significant difference was found between computer measurements of patient thickness and observer measurements (p= 0.17), and the average difference between the two methods was less than 4%. Applying the size correction resulted in ED{sub adj} that differed by up to 44% from effective dose estimates that were not adjusted by patient size. Additionally, considerable differences were noted in ED{sub adj} distributions between scanners, with scanners employing iterative reconstruction exhibiting significantly lower ED{sub adj} (range: 9%-64%). Finally, a significant difference (up to 59%) in ED{sub adj} distributions was observed between institutions, indicating the potential for dose reduction. Conclusions: The authors developed a robust automated size-specific radiation dose monitoring program for CT. Using this program, significant differences in ED{sub adj} were observed between scanner models and across institutions. This new dose monitoring program offers a unique tool for improving quality assurance and standardization both within and across institutions.

Christianson, Olav; Li Xiang; Frush, Donald; Samei, Ehsan [Clinical Imaging Physics Group, Department of Radiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27705 and Department of Radiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Clinical Imaging Physics Group, Department of Radiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Department of Radiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States) and Carl E. Ravin Advanced Imaging Laboratories, Department of Radiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Department of Radiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Clinical Imaging Physics Group, Department of Radiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Department of Radiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Carl E. Ravin Advanced Imaging Laboratories, Department of Radiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Medical Physics Graduate Program, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27705 (United States); Department of Physics, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27710 (United States); and Department of Biomedical Engineering, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27708 (United States)

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

460

Air pathway report: Phase I of the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project  

SciTech Connect

Phase 1 of the air-pathway portion of the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction (HEDR) Project sought to determine whether dose estimates could be calculated for populations in the 10 counties nearest the Hanford Site from atmospheric releases of iodine-131 from the site from 1944--1947. Phase 1 demonstrated the following: HEDR-calculated source-term estimates of iodine-131 releases to the atmosphere were within 20% of previously published estimates; calculated vegetation concentrations of iodine-131 agree well with previously published measurements; the highest of the Phase 1 preliminary dose estimates to the thyroid are consistent with independent, previously published estimates of doses to maximally exposed individuals; and, relatively crude, previously published measurements of thyroid burdens for Hanford workers are in the range of average burdens that the HEDR model estimated for similar reference individuals'' for the period 1944--1947. Preliminary median dose estimates summed over the year 1945--1947 for the primary pathway, air-pasture-cow-milk-thyroid, ranged from low median values of 0.006 rad for upwind adults who obtained milk from backyard cows not on pasture to high median values of 68.0 rad for downwind infants who drank milk from pasture-fed cows. Extremes of the estimated range are a low of essentially zero to upwind adults and a high of almost 3000 rem to downwind infants. 37 refs., 37 figs., 2 tabs.

Not Available

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rfd reference dose" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Four-dimensional dose distributions of step-and-shoot IMRT delivered with real-time tumor tracking for patients with irregular breathing: Constant dose rate vs dose rate regulation  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Dose-rate-regulated tracking (DRRT) is a tumor tracking strategy that programs the MLC to track the tumor under regular breathing and adapts to breathing irregularities during delivery using dose rate regulation. Constant-dose-rate tracking (CDRT) is a strategy that dynamically repositions the beam to account for intrafractional 3D target motion according to real-time information of target location obtained from an independent position monitoring system. The purpose of this study is to illustrate the differences in the effectiveness and delivery accuracy between these two tracking methods in the presence of breathing irregularities. Methods: Step-and-shoot IMRT plans optimized at a reference phase were extended to remaining phases to generate 10-phased 4D-IMRT plans using segment aperture morphing (SAM) algorithm, where both tumor displacement and deformation were considered. A SAM-based 4D plan has been demonstrated to provide better plan quality than plans not considering target deformation. However, delivering such a plan requires preprogramming of the MLC aperture sequence. Deliveries of the 4D plans using DRRT and CDRT tracking approaches were simulated assuming the breathing period is either shorter or longer than the planning day, for 4 IMRT cases: two lung and two pancreatic cases with maximum GTV centroid motion greater than 1 cm were selected. In DRRT, dose rate was regulated to speed up or slow down delivery as needed such that each planned segment is delivered at the planned breathing phase. In CDRT, MLC is separately controlled to follow the tumor motion, but dose rate was kept constant. In addition to breathing period change, effect of breathing amplitude variation on target and critical tissue dose distribution is also evaluated. Results: Delivery of preprogrammed 4D plans by the CDRT method resulted in an average of 5% increase in target dose and noticeable increase in organs at risk (OAR) dose when patient breathing is either 10% faster or slower than the planning day. In contrast, DRRT method showed less than 1% reduction in target dose and no noticeable change in OAR dose under the same breathing period irregularities. When {+-}20% variation of target motion amplitude was present as breathing irregularity, the two delivery methods show compatible plan quality if the dose distribution of CDRT delivery is renormalized. Conclusions: Delivery of 4D-IMRT treatment plans, stemmed from 3D step-and-shoot IMRT and preprogrammed using SAM algorithm, is simulated for two dynamic MLC-based real-time tumor tracking strategies: with and without dose-rate regulation. Comparison of cumulative dose distribution indicates that the preprogrammed 4D plan is more accurately and efficiently conformed using the DRRT strategy, as it compensates the interplay between patient breathing irregularity and tracking delivery without compromising the segment-weight modulation.

Yang Xiaocheng; Han-Oh, Sarah; Gui Minzhi; Niu Ying; Yu, Cedric X.; Yi Byongyong [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21201 (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology and Molecular Radiation Sciences, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21231 (United States); Medical Physics Division, Saint Agnes Cancer Center, Baltimore, Maryland 21229 (United States); Department of Physics, George Washington University, Washington, DC 20052 (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21201 (United States)

2012-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

462

Low Dose Radiation Research Program: Kenneth T. Bogen  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

T. Bogen Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Technical Abstracts 2002 Workshop: Low-dose dose-response of proliferating human cells exposed to low dose rate g-radiation. Enns,...

463

Agriculture-related radiation dose calculations  

SciTech Connect

Estimates of radiation dose to the public must be made at each stage in the identification and qualification process leading to siting a high-level nuclear waste repository. Specifically considering the ingestion pathway, this paper examines questions of reliability and adequacy of dose calculations in relation to five stages of data availability (geologic province, region, area, location, and mass balance) and three methods of calculation (population, population/food production, and food production driven). Calculations were done using the model PABLM with data for the Permian and Palo Duro Basins and the Deaf Smith County area. Extra effort expended in gathering agricultural data at succeeding environmental characterization levels does not appear justified, since dose estimates do not differ greatly; that effort would be better spent determining usage of food types that contribute most to the total dose; and that consumption rate and the air dispersion factor are critical to assessment of radiation dose via the ingestion pathway. 17 refs., 9 figs., 32 tabs.

Furr, J.M.; Mayberry, J.J.; Waite, D.A.

1987-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Low Dose Radiation Research Program: David J. Chen  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2003 Workshop: Gene Expression Profile of Normal Human Fibroblast After Ionizing Irradiation, a comparison study between low dose and high dose. Chen, D.J. 2002 Workshop:...

465

Development of a Low Dose Rate Irradiation Facility for Long...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Low Dose Rate Irradiation Facility for Long Term Animal Exposures at Colorado State University Michael Weil Colorado State University Abstract A low dose rate irradiation facility...

466

Latest Research, Response to Fukushima, Integrating Low Dose...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Latest Research, Response to Fukushima, Integrating Low Dose into Policy-All Featured at Annual Investigators' Workshop The 10th DOE Low Dose Radiation Research Program...

467

Low Dose Radiation Research Program: Depletion of the Vertebrate...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Laboratory, Berkeley, California To better understand the responses to low dose ionizing radiation, we proposed in Aim 1 of our Low Dose grant to use dominant-negative...

468

RADIATION DOSE ESTIMATES TO ADULTS AND CHILDREN FROM VARIOUS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

RADIATION DOSE ESTIMATES TO ADULTS AND CHILDREN FROM VARIOUS RADIOPHARMACEUTICALS Latest Revision Date: 43096 Radiation Internal Dose Information Center Oak Ridge Institute for...

469

Low Dose Radiation Research Program Website â?? Highlighting...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Website Highlighting Low Dose Research Bill Morgan Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Abstract The Low Dose Radiation Research Programs website is found at http:...

470

Low Dose Radiation Research Program: Genomic Instability and...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Genomic Instability and Low Dose Low Dose Rate Radiation. Authors: Lei Huang, Suzanne Grim, William F. Morgan Institutions: University of Maryland. Humans will always receive...

471

Low Dose Radiation Program: Links - General Radiation Information  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

General Radiation Information Answers to Questions about Radiation Dose Ranges Charts - tables showing radiation dose ranges from radio diagnostics to cancer radiotherapy....

472

Low Dose Radiation Research Program Website ? Highlighting Low...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Research Program Website - Highlighting Low Dose Research Bill Morgan, Principal Investigator; Julie Wiley, Website Content Manager; Christine Novak, Webmaster The Low Dose...

473

Low Dose Investigator one of Canada's Top 40  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Low Dose Investigator one of Canada's Top 40 Olga Kovalchuk Congratulations to Low Dose Radiation Research Program investigator Olga Kovalchuk on being named one of "Canada's Top...

474

Low Dose Radiation Research Program: Research Institutions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Institutions Institutions Lovelace Respiratory Research Institute Biological Bases for Radiation Adaptive Responses in the Lung-Lovelace Respiratory Research Institute, Albuquerque, NM USA Contact: Dr. Bobby R. Scott Program Objective Our research focuses on elucidating the biological bases for radiation adaptive responses in the lung and for suppressing lung cancer, and to use the knowledge gained to produce an improved systems-biology-based, risk model for lung cancer induction by low-dose, low linear-energy-transfer (LET) radiation. Research was initiated in October 2009. This research should help foster a new era of low-dose radiation risk/benefit assessment. It will have important implications for possible use of low-dose diagnostic radiation (e.g., X-rays) in cancer therapy. It

475

Historical river flow rates for dose calculations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Annual average river flow rates are required input to the LADTAP Computer Code for calculating offsite doses from liquid releases of radioactive materials to the Savannah River. The source of information on annual river flow rates used in dose calculations varies, depending on whether calculations are for retrospective releases or prospective releases. Examples of these types of releases are: Retrospective - releases from routine operations (annual environmental reports) and short term release incidents that have occurred. Prospective - releases that might be expected in the future from routine or abnormal operation of existing or new facilities (EIS`s, EID`S, SAR`S, etc.). This memorandum provides historical flow rates at the downstream gauging station at Highway 301 for use in retrospective dose calculations and derives flow rate data for the Beaufort-Jasper and Port Wentworth water treatment plants.

Carlton, W.H.

1991-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

476

Radiotherapy Dose Fractionation under Parameter Uncertainty  

SciTech Connect

In radiotherapy, radiation is directed to damage a tumor while avoiding surrounding healthy tissue. Tradeoffs ensue because dose cannot be exactly shaped to the tumor. It is particularly important to ensure that sensitive biological structures near the tumor are not damaged more than a certain amount. Biological tissue is known to have a nonlinear response to incident radiation. The linear quadratic dose response model, which requires the specification of two clinically and experimentally observed response coefficients, is commonly used to model this effect. This model yields an optimization problem giving two different types of optimal dose sequences (fractionation schedules). Which fractionation schedule is preferred depends on the response coefficients. These coefficients are uncertainly known and may differ from patient to patient. Because of this not only the expected outcomes but also the uncertainty around these outcomes are important, and it might not be prudent to select the strategy with the best expected outcome.

Davison, Matt [Department of Applied Mathematics, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario (Canada); Department of Statistical and Actuarial Science, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario (Canada); Ivey School of Business, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario (Canada); Kim, Daero [Department of Applied Mathematics, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario (Canada); Keller, Harald [Department Radiation Oncology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Radiation Medicine Program, Princess Margaret Hospital, Toronto, Ontario (Canada)

2011-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

477

Low-dose computed tomography image restoration using previous normal-dose scan  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: In current computed tomography (CT) examinations, the associated x-ray radiation dose is of a significant concern to patients and operators. A simple and cost-effective means to perform the examinations is to lower the milliampere-seconds (mAs) or kVp parameter (or delivering less x-ray energy to the body) as low as reasonably achievable in data acquisition. However, lowering the mAs parameter will unavoidably increase data noise and the noise would propagate into the CT image if no adequate noise control is applied during image reconstruction. Since a normal-dose high diagnostic CT image scanned previously may be available in some clinical applications, such as CT perfusion imaging and CT angiography (CTA), this paper presents an innovative way to utilize the normal-dose scan as a priori information to induce signal restoration of the current low-dose CT image series. Methods: Unlike conventional local operations on neighboring image voxels, nonlocal means (NLM) algorithm utilizes the redundancy of information across the whole image. This paper adapts the NLM to utilize the redundancy of information in the previous normal-dose scan and further exploits ways to optimize the nonlocal weights for low-dose image restoration in the NLM framework. The resulting algorithm is called the previous normal-dose scan induced nonlocal means (ndiNLM). Because of the optimized nature of nonlocal weights calculation, the ndiNLM algorithm does not depend heavily on image registration between the current low-dose and the previous normal-dose CT scans. Furthermore, the smoothing parameter involved in the ndiNLM algorithm can be adaptively estimated based on the image noise relationship between the current low-dose and the previous normal-dose scanning protocols. Results: Qualitative and quantitative evaluations were carried out on a physical phantom as well as clinical abdominal and brain perfusion CT scans in terms of accuracy and resolution properties. The gain by the use of the previous normal-dose scan via the presented ndiNLM algorithm is noticeable as compared to a similar approach without using the previous normal-dose scan. Conclusions: For low-dose CT image restoration, the presented ndiNLM method is robust in preserving the spatial resolution and identifying the low-contrast structure. The authors can draw the conclusion that the presented ndiNLM algorithm may be useful for some clinical applications such as in perfusion imaging, radiotherapy, tumor surveillance, etc.

Ma, Jianhua; Huang, Jing; Feng, Qianjin; Zhang, Hua; Lu, Hongbing; Liang, Zhengrong; Chen, Wufan [Department of Biomedical Engineering, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510515, China and Department of Radiology, State University of New York, Stony Brook, New York 11794 (United States); Department of Biomedical Engineering, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510515 (China); Department of Biomedical Engineering, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'An, Shanxi 710032 (China); Department of Radiology, State University of New York, Stony Brook, New York 11794 (United States); Department of Biomedical Engineering, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510515 (China)

2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

478

Department of Energy's Hurricane Response Chronology, as Referred to by  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy's Hurricane Response Chronology, as Referred Energy's Hurricane Response Chronology, as Referred to by Secretary Bodman at Today's Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee Hearing Department of Energy's Hurricane Response Chronology, as Referred to by Secretary Bodman at Today's Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee Hearing October 27, 2005 - 12:34pm Addthis Week 1: August 21 - 27, 2005 Katrina strikes south Florida 8/25 and enters the Gulf of Mexico; energy companies in Gulf begin evacuations. DOE deploys staff prior to landfall on Gulf Coast; works with States, industry, and other Federal agencies to prepare for Katrina. IMPACT AND RESPONSE: The energy sector impacts from Katrina are significant but are largely limited to 1.2 million electricity customers losing power in Florida (8/25). That is a significant amount but not unexpected for such a

479

Department of Energy's Hurricane Response Chronology, as Referred to by  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Department of Energy's Hurricane Response Chronology, as Referred Department of Energy's Hurricane Response Chronology, as Referred to by Secretary Bodman at Today's Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee Hearing Department of Energy's Hurricane Response Chronology, as Referred to by Secretary Bodman at Today's Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee Hearing October 27, 2005 - 12:34pm Addthis Week 1: August 21 - 27, 2005 Katrina strikes south Florida 8/25 and enters the Gulf of Mexico; energy companies in Gulf begin evacuations. DOE deploys staff prior to landfall on Gulf Coast; works with States, industry, and other Federal agencies to prepare for Katrina. IMPACT AND RESPONSE: The energy sector impacts from Katrina are significant but are largely limited to 1.2 million electricity customers losing power in Florida (8/25). That is a significant amount but not unexpected for such a

480

Archive Reference Buildings by Climate Zone: 5B Boulder, Colorado |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

B Boulder, Colorado B Boulder, Colorado Archive Reference Buildings by Climate Zone: 5B Boulder, Colorado Here you will find past versions of the reference buildings for new construction commercial buildings, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available. You can download ZIP files that contain the following: An EnergyPlus software input file (.idf) An html file showing the results from the EnergyPlus simulation (.html) A spreadsheet that summarizes the inputs and results for each location (.xls) The EnergyPlus TMY2 weather file (.epw). benchmark-v1.0_3.0-5b_co_boulder.zip benchmark-v1.1_3.1-5b_usa_co_boulder.zip benchmark-new-v1.2_4.0-5b_usa_co_boulder.zip More Documents & Publications

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rfd reference dose" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Archive Reference Buildings by Climate Zone: 6B Helena, Montana |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

B Helena, Montana B Helena, Montana Archive Reference Buildings by Climate Zone: 6B Helena, Montana Here you will find past versions of the reference buildings for new construction commercial buildings, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available. You can download ZIP files that contain the following: An EnergyPlus software input file (.idf) An html file showing the results from the EnergyPlus simulation (.html) A spreadsheet that summarizes the inputs and results for each location (.xls) The EnergyPlus TMY2 weather file (.epw). benchmark-v1.0_3.0-6b_mt_helena.zip benchmark-v1.1_3.1-6b_usa_mt_helena.zip benchmark-new-v1.2_4.0-6b_usa_mt_helena.zip More Documents & Publications

482

Climate Reference Network Soilsip01 Product | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Soilsip01 Product Soilsip01 Product Agriculture Community Menu DATA APPS EVENTS DEVELOPER STATISTICS COLLABORATE ABOUT Agriculture You are here Data.gov » Communities » Agriculture » Data Climate Reference Network Soilsip01 Product Dataset Summary Description The U.S. Climate Reference Network is designed specifically to monitor national climate change with best scientific practice and adherence to the accepted principles of climate observations. USCRN hourly soil moisture and soil temperature data are available in the Soilsip01 file set for all stations in the network which are equipped with soil sensors, and have completed an evaluation process currently lasting 240 days from installation. Tags {"Climate Reference Network",USCRN,CRN,"soil moisture","soil temperature","natural resources","environment "}

483

Microsoft Word - Cross Reference Matrix Introduction.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cross Reference Matrix Introduction Cross Reference Matrix Introduction This cross-reference matrix is intended to provide NRC reviewers with an aid to show where Yucca Mountain Review Plan (YMRP) (NUREG-1804) acceptance criteria as well as 10 CFR Part 63 regulations are addressed within the Yucca Mountain Repository License Application. This matrix does not assert compliance with 10 CFR Part 63 or the YMRP; it is provided as an aid to reviewers. The information contained in this matrix is generally repeated in tables at the introduction to each chapter or section of the License Application, as appropriate. The YMRP acceptance criteria are also listed within the relevant subsections of the License Application, typically at the fourth level headings, to aid reviewers. The portions of 10 CFR Part 63 that are not required to be addressed in

484

Reference Manual and Procedures for Implementation of PURPA Standards in  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EISA 2007 EISA 2007 Reference Manual and Procedures for Implementation of PURPA Standards in EISA 2007 This reference manual is intended to be used as an aid to state commissions and utilities as they consider the new federal standards that are part of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (or EISA, sections 374, 531, 532, and 1307). It summarizes state commission and unregulated utility requirements, covers implementation procedures and issues to be considered, and defines and discusses the new standards. Manual for Implementation of PURPA Standards in EISA 2007 (August 2008).pdf More Documents & Publications Reference Manual and Procedures for Implementation of PURPA Standards in EPACT 2005 (March 2006) Demand Response and Smart Metering Policy Actions Since the Energy Policy

485

Archive Reference Buildings by Climate Zone: 8 Fairbanks, Alaska |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

8 Fairbanks, Alaska 8 Fairbanks, Alaska Archive Reference Buildings by Climate Zone: 8 Fairbanks, Alaska Here you will find past versions of the reference buildings for new construction commercial buildings, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available. You can download ZIP files that contain the following: An EnergyPlus software input file (.idf) An html file showing the results from the EnergyPlus simulation (.html) A spreadsheet that summarizes the inputs and results for each location (.xls) The EnergyPlus TMY2 weather file (.epw). benchmark-v1.0_3.0-8a_ak_fairbanks.zip benchmark-v1.1_3.1-8a_usa_ak_fairbanks.zip benchmark-new-v1.2_4.0-8a_usa_ak_fairbanks.zip More Documents & Publications

486

Archive Reference Buildings by Climate Zone: 5A Chicago, Illinois |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

A Chicago, Illinois A Chicago, Illinois Archive Reference Buildings by Climate Zone: 5A Chicago, Illinois Here you will find past versions of the reference buildings for new construction commercial buildings, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available. You can download ZIP files that contain the following: An EnergyPlus software input file (.idf) An html file showing the results from the EnergyPlus simulation (.html) A spreadsheet that summarizes the inputs and results for each location (.xls) The EnergyPlus TMY2 weather file (.epw). benchmark-v1.0_3.0-5a_il_chicago.zip benchmark-v1.1_3.1-5a_usa_il_chicago-ohare.zip benchmark-new-v1.2_4.0-5a_usa_il_chicago-ohare.zip More Documents & Publications

487

Archive Reference Buildings by Climate Zone: 6A Minneapolis, Minnesota |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

A Minneapolis, A Minneapolis, Minnesota Archive Reference Buildings by Climate Zone: 6A Minneapolis, Minnesota Here you will find past versions of the reference buildings for new construction commercial buildings, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available. You can download ZIP files that contain the following: An EnergyPlus software input file (.idf) An html file showing the results from the EnergyPlus simulation (.html) A spreadsheet that summarizes the inputs and results for each location (.xls) The EnergyPlus TMY2 weather file (.epw). benchmark-v1.0_3.0-6a_mn_minneapolis.zip benchmark-v1.1_3.1-6a_usa_mn_minneapolis.zip benchmark-new-v1.2_4.0-6a_usa_mn_minneapolis.zip

488

EIA - Appendix H - Reference Case Projections for Electricity Capacity and  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

for Electricity Capacity and Generation by Fuel Tables (2006-2030) for Electricity Capacity and Generation by Fuel Tables (2006-2030) International Energy Outlook 2009 Reference Case Projections for Electricity Capacity and Generation by Fuel Tables (2006-2030) Formats Data Table Titles (1 to 18 complete) Reference Case Projections for Electricity Capacity and Generation by Fuel Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Reference Case Projections for Electricity Capacity and Generation by Fuel Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table H1 World Total Installed Generating Capacity by Region and Country Table H1. World Total Installed Generating Capacity by Region and Country. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800.

489

EIA - Appendix A - Reference Case Projection Tables 1990-2030  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Tables (1990-2030) Tables (1990-2030) International Energy Outlook 2009 Reference Case Projections Tables (1990-2030) Formats Data Table Titles (1 to 14 complete) Reference Case Projections Tables (1990-2030). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Reference Case Projections Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table A1 World Total Primary Energy Consumption by Region Table A1. World Total Primary Energy Consumption by Region. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table A2 World Total Energy Consumption by Region and Fuel Table A2. World Total Energy Consumption by Region and Fuel. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800.

490

Archive Reference Buildings by Climate Zone: 4A Baltimore, Maryland |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

A Baltimore, Maryland A Baltimore, Maryland Archive Reference Buildings by Climate Zone: 4A Baltimore, Maryland Here you will find past versions of the reference buildings for new construction commercial buildings, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available. You can download ZIP files that contain the following: An EnergyPlus software input file (.idf) An html file showing the results from the EnergyPlus simulation (.html) A spreadsheet that summarizes the inputs and results for each location (.xls) The EnergyPlus TMY2 weather file (.epw). benchmark-v1.0_3.0-4a_md_baltimore.zip benchmark-v1.1_3.1-4a_usa_md_baltimore.zip benchmark-new-v1.2_4.0-4a_usa_md_baltimore.zip More Documents & Publications

491

Reference Manual and Procedures for Implementation of PURPA Standards in  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EPACT 2005 (March 2006) EPACT 2005 (March 2006) Reference Manual and Procedures for Implementation of PURPA Standards in EPACT 2005 (March 2006) This reference manual is intended to be used as an aid to state commissions and utilities as they consider the new federal standards that are part of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (Subtitle E, "Amendments to PURPA," sections 1251, 1252, and 1254). It summarizes state commission and unregulated utility requirements and covers implementation procedures and issues to be considered. Manual for Implementation of PURPA Standards in EPACT 2005 (March 2006).pdf More Documents & Publications Reference Manual and Procedures for Implementation of PURPA Standards in EISA 2007 REPORT TO CONGRESS ON COMPETITION IN WHOLESALE AND RETAIL MARKETS FOR

492

EIA - Appendix H - Reference Case Projections for Electricity Capacity and  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

for Electricity Capacity and Generation by Fuel Tables (2007-2035) for Electricity Capacity and Generation by Fuel Tables (2007-2035) International Energy Outlook 2010 Reference Case Projections for Electricity Capacity and Generation by Fuel Tables (2007-2035) Formats Data Table Titles (1 to 18 complete) Reference Case Projections for Electricity Capacity and Generation by Fuel Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Appendix H. Reference Case Projections for Electricity Capacity and Generation by Fuel Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table H1 World Total Installed Generating Capacity by Region and Country Table H1. World Total Installed Generating Capacity by Region and Country. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800.

493

Archive Reference Buildings by Climate Zone: 7 Duluth, Minnesota |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7 Duluth, Minnesota 7 Duluth, Minnesota Archive Reference Buildings by Climate Zone: 7 Duluth, Minnesota Here you will find past versions of the reference buildings for new construction commercial buildings, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available. You can download ZIP files that contain the following: An EnergyPlus software input file (.idf) An html file showing the results from the EnergyPlus simulation (.html) A spreadsheet that summarizes the inputs and results for each location (.xls) The EnergyPlus TMY2 weather file (.epw). benchmark-v1.0_3.0-7a_mn_duluth.zip benchmark-v1.1_3.1-7a_usa_mn_duluth.zip benchmark-new-v1.2_4.0-7a_usa_mn_duluth.zip More Documents & Publications

494

Archive Reference Buildings by Climate Zone: 4C Seattle, Washington |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

C Seattle, Washington C Seattle, Washington Archive Reference Buildings by Climate Zone: 4C Seattle, Washington Here you will find past versions of the reference buildings for new construction commercial buildings, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available. You can download ZIP files that contain the following: An EnergyPlus software input file (.idf) An html file showing the results from the EnergyPlus simulation (.html) A spreadsheet that summarizes the inputs and results for each location (.xls) The EnergyPlus TMY2 weather file (.epw). benchmark-v1.0_3.0-4c_wa_seattle.zip benchmark-v1.1_3.1-4c_usa_wa_seattle.zip benchmark-new-v1.2_4.0-4c_usa_wa_seattle.zip More Documents & Publications

495

Repository Reference Disposal Concepts and Thermal Load Management Analysis  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Repository Reference Disposal Concepts and Thermal Load Management Repository Reference Disposal Concepts and Thermal Load Management Analysis Repository Reference Disposal Concepts and Thermal Load Management Analysis A disposal concept consists of three parts: waste inventory (7 waste types examined), geologic setting (e.g., clay/shale, salt, crystalline, other sedimentary), and the engineering concept of operations (range of generic operational concepts examined). Two major categories for waste package emplacement modes are identified: 1) "open" where extended ventilation can remove heat for many years following waste emplacement underground; and 2) "enclosed" modes for clay/shale and salt media where waste packages are emplaced in direct or close contact with natural or engineered materials which may have temperature limits that constrain thermal

496

Climate Reference Network Daily01 Product | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Daily01 Product Daily01 Product Agriculture Community Menu DATA APPS EVENTS DEVELOPER STATISTICS COLLABORATE ABOUT Agriculture You are here Data.gov » Communities » Agriculture » Data Climate Reference Network Daily01 Product Dataset Summary Description The U.S. Climate Reference Network is designed specifically to monitor national climate change with best scientific practice and adherence to the accepted principles of climate observations. USCRN daily temperature mean, maximum, and minimum, daily precipitation, daily global solar radiation, and daily average surface infrared temperature data are available in the Daily01 file set for all stations in the network. Daily mean, maximum, and minimum relative humidity are available for most stations. Tags {"Climate Reference Network",USCRN,CRN,"air temperature",temperature,precipitation,"global solar radiation"," surface temperature","surface infrared temperature","relative humidity","natural resources",water,air,"soil "}

497

Archive Reference Buildings by Climate Zone: 2B Phoenix, Arizona |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

B Phoenix, Arizona B Phoenix, Arizona Archive Reference Buildings by Climate Zone: 2B Phoenix, Arizona Here you will find past versions of the reference buildings for new construction commercial buildings, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available. You can download ZIP files that contain the following: An EnergyPlus software input file (.idf) An html file showing the results from the EnergyPlus simulation (.html) A spreadsheet that summarizes the inputs and results for each location (.xls) The EnergyPlus TMY2 weather file (.epw). benchmark-v1.0_3.0-2b_az_phoenix.zip benchmark-v1.1_3.1-2b_usa_az_phoenix.zip benchmark-new-v1.2_4.0-2b_usa_az_phoenix.zip More Documents & Publications

498

Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Restaurant | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Restaurant Restaurant Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Restaurant Here you will find past versions of the reference buildings for new construction commercial buildings, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available. You can download ZIP files that contain the following: An EnergyPlus software input file (.idf) An html file showing the results from the EnergyPlus simulation (.html) A spreadsheet that summarizes the inputs and results for each location (.xls) The EnergyPlus TMY2 weather file (.epw). benchmark-v1.0_3.0-sit_down_restaurant.zip benchmark-v1.1_3.1-sit_down_restaurant.zip benchmark-new-v1.2_4.0-full_service_restaurant.zip More Documents & Publications

499

Repository Reference Disposal Concepts and Thermal Load Management Analysis  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Repository Reference Disposal Concepts and Thermal Load Management Repository Reference Disposal Concepts and Thermal Load Management Analysis Repository Reference Disposal Concepts and Thermal Load Management Analysis A disposal concept consists of three parts: waste inventory (7 waste types examined), geologic setting (e.g., clay/shale, salt, crystalline, other sedimentary), and the engineering concept of operations (range of generic operational concepts examined). Two major categories for waste package emplacement modes are identified: 1) "open" where extended ventilation can remove heat for many years following waste emplacement underground; and 2) "enclosed" modes for clay/shale and salt media where waste packages are emplaced in direct or close contact with natural or engineered materials which may have temperature limits that constrain thermal

500

Nonlocal imaging by conditional averaging of random reference measurements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report the nonlocal imaging of an object by conditional averaging of the random exposure frames of a reference detector, which only sees the freely propagating field from a thermal light source. A bucket detector, synchronized with the reference detector, records the intensity fluctuations of an identical beam passing through the object mask. These fluctuations are sorted according to their values relative to the mean, then the reference data in the corresponding time-bins for a given fluctuation range are averaged, to produce either positive or negative images. Since no correlation calculations are involved, this correspondence imaging technique challenges our former interpretations of "ghost" imaging. Compared with conventional correlation imaging or compressed sensing schemes, both the number of exposures and computation time are greatly reduced, while the visibility is much improved. A simple statistical model is presented to explain the phenomenon.

Kai-Hong Luo; Boqiang Huang; Wei-Mou Zheng; Ling-An Wu

2013-03-22T23:59:59.000Z