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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rfd reference dose" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

Dose homogeneity specification for reference dosimetry of nonstandard fields  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To investigate the sensitivity of the plan-class specific correction factor to dose distributions in composite nonstandard field dosimetry. Methods: A cylindrical water-filled PMMA phantom was constructed at the center of which reference absorbed dose could be measured. Ten different TomoTherapy-based IMRT fields were created on the CT images of the phantom. The dose distribution for each IMRT field was estimated at the position of a radiation detector or ionization chamber. The dose in each IMRT field normalized to that in a reference 10 x 10 cm{sup 2} field was measured using a PTW micro liquid ion chamber. Based on the new dosimetry formalism, a plan-class specific correction factor k{sub Q{sub p{sub c{sub s{sub r,Q}{sup f{sub p}{sub c}{sub s}{sub r},f{sub r}{sub e}{sub f}}}}}} for each field was measured for two Farmer-type chambers, Exradin A12 and NE2571, as well as for a smaller Exradin A1SL chamber. The dependence of the measured correction factor on parameters characterizing dose distribution was analyzed. Results: Uncertainty on the plan-class specific correction factor measurement was in the range of 0.3%-0.5% and 0.3%-0.8% for the Farmer-type chambers and the Exradin A1SL, respectively. When the heterogeneity of the central region of the target volume was less than 5%, the correction factor did not differ from unity by more than 0.7% for the three air-filled ionization chambers. For more heterogeneous dose deliveries, the correction factor differed from unity by up to 2.4% for the Farmer-type chambers. For the Exradin A1SL, the correction factor was closer to unity due to the reduced effect of dose gradients, while it was highly variable in different IMRT fields because of a more significant impact of positioning uncertainties on the response of this chamber. Conclusions: The authors have shown that a plan-class specific correction factor can be specified as a function of plan evaluation parameters especially for Farmer-type chambers. This work provides a recipe based on quantifying dose distribution to accurately select air-filled ionization chamber correction factors for nonstandard fields.

Chung, Eunah; Soisson, Emilie; Seuntjens, Jan [Medical Physics Unit, McGill University, Montreal General Hospital (L5-113), 1650 Cedar Avenue, Montreal, Quebec H3G 1A4 (Canada); Medical Physics Unit, McGill University and Department of Medical Physics, McGill University Health Centre, Montreal General Hospital (L5-113), 1650 Cedar Avenue, Montreal, Quebec H3G 1A4 (Canada); Medical Physics Unit, McGill University, Montreal General Hospital (L5-113), 1650 Cedar Avenue, Montreal, Quebec H3G 1A4 (Canada)

2012-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

2

Re-evaluation of the reference dose for methylmercury and assessment of current exposure levels  

SciTech Connect

Methylmercury (Me-Hg) is widely distributed through freshwater and saltwater food chains and human consumption of fish and shellfish has lead to widespread exposure. Both the US EPA Reference Dose (0.3 [mu]g/kg/day) and the FAO/WHO Permissible Tolerable Weekly Intake (3.3 [mu]g/kg/week) are currently based on the prevention of paraesthesia in adult and older children. However, Me-Hg exposure in utero is known to result in a range of developmental neurologic effects including clinical CNS symptoms and delayed onset of walking. Based on a critical review of development toxicity data from human and animal studies, it is concluded that current guidelines for the prevention of paraesthesia are not adequate to address developmental effects. A dose of 0.07 [mu]g/kg/day is suggested as the best estimate of a potential reference dose for developmental effects. Data on nationwide fish consumption rates and Me-Hg levels in fish/seafood weighted by proportion of the catch intended for human consumption are analyzed in a Monte Carlo simulation to derive a probability distribution of background Me-Hg exposure. While various uncertainties in the toxicologic and exposure data limit the precision with which health risk can be estimated, this analysis suggests that at current levels of Me-Hg exposure, a significant fraction of women of childbearing age have exposures above this suggested reference dose.

Stern, A.H. (New Jersey Dept. of Environmental Protection and Energy, Trenton (United States))

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

References  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......dosimeter: An improved cathode ray determination...Stopping Powers of Materials (1989) Gaithersburg...of the physically active ultraviolet (which...Standard Reference Materials: Accuracy in Analytical...dosimeter: An improved cathode ray determination...Stopping Powers of Materials, NIST Standard......

References

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

References  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Analysis Analysis Analysis - Home Analytical Dashboards Computerized Accident Incident Reporting and Recordkeeping System (CAIRS) Corporate Safety Analysis Trends Daily Occurrence Reports Electrical Safety Occurrences Final Occurrence Reports Access System Login Lessons Learned and Best Practices Occurrence Reporting and Processing System (ORPS) Operating Experience Committee Operating Experience Level 1, 2, and 3 Documents Operating Experience Summaries Radiation Exposure Monitoring Systems (REMS) Safety Bulletins Safety and Health Alerts Safety Basis Information System (SBIS) Suspect/Counterfeit Items and Defective Items (SCI/DI) References HSS Logo References DOE O 210.2A, DOE Corporate Operating Experience Program (Apr 08, 2011) DOE O 210.2 Crosswalk DOE O 231.1B, Environment, Safety and Health Reporting (Jun 27, 2011)

5

REFERENCES  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

205.1B 205.1B Approved 05-16-2011 Page 1 REFERENCES 1. INTRODUCTION 2. . Includes a list of sources cited in the directive and additional information sources to assist in implementing DOE Order 205.1B, Cyber Security Program. FEDERAL LAWS AND REGULATIONS a. Public Law (P.L.) 93-579, Privacy Act of 1974, as amended [Title 5 United States Code (U.S.C.) Section 552a]. . b. P.L. 104-106, Division E, Clinger Cohen Act (CCA) (formerly Information Technology Management Reform Act of 1996. c. P.L. 106-65, "National Defense Authorization Act [Section 3212(d)], enacted October 1999. d. P.L. 107-347, Title III, Federal Information Security Management Act of 2002 (FISMA), enacted December 2002. 3. OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET (OMB) CIRCULARS. Located at http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/circulars_default/.

6

PATIENT DOSE FOR COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY EXAMINATION: DOSE REFERENCE LEVELS AND EFFECTIVE DOSES BASED ON A NATIONAL SURVEY OF 2013 IN KOREA  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......dose at three types of phantom studies (brain, chest and abdomen) were compared with...64-slice CT of four manufacturers in brain, chest and abdomen CT. RESULTS Characteristics...Sequential scanning was used more often in brain CT. The majority of chest, abdomen and......

Moon Chan Kim; Dong Kyoon Han; Yoon Chul Nam; Yon Min Kim; Joon Yoon

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Reference computations of public dose and cancer risk from airborne releases of plutonium. Nuclear safety technical report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents results of computations of doses and the associated health risks of postulated accidental atmospheric releases from the Rocky Flats Plant (RFP) of one gram of weapons-grade plutonium in a form that is respirable. These computations are intended to be reference computations that can be used to evaluate a variety of accident scenarios by scaling the dose and health risk results presented here according to the amount of plutonium postulated to be released, instead of repeating the computations for each scenario. The MACCS2 code has been used as the basis of these computations. The basis and capabilities of MACCS2 are summarized, the parameters used in the evaluations are discussed, and results are presented for the doses and health risks to the public, both the Maximum Offsite Individual (a maximally exposed individual at or beyond the plant boundaries) and the population within 50 miles of RFP. A number of different weather scenarios are evaluated, including constant weather conditions and observed weather for 1990, 1991, and 1992. The isotopic mix of weapons-grade plutonium will change as it ages, the {sup 241}Pu decaying into {sup 241}Am. The {sup 241}Am reaches a peak concentration after about 72 years. The doses to the bone surface, liver, and whole body will increase slightly but the dose to the lungs will decrease slightly. The overall cancer risk will show almost no change over this period. This change in cancer risk is much smaller than the year-to-year variations in cancer risk due to weather. Finally, x/Q values are also presented for other applications, such as for hazardous chemical releases. These include the x/Q values for the MOI, for a collocated worker at 100 meters downwind of an accident site, and the x/Q value integrated over the population out to 50 miles.

Peterson, V.L.

1993-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

8

Reference computations of public dose and cancer risk from airborne releases of uranium and Class W plutonium  

SciTech Connect

This report presents ``reference`` computations that can be used by safety analysts in the evaluations of the consequences of postulated atmospheric releases of radionuclides from the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site. These computations deal specifically with doses and health risks to the public. The radionuclides considered are Class W Plutonium, all classes of Enriched Uranium, and all classes of Depleted Uranium. (The other class of plutonium, Y, was treated in an earlier report.) In each case, one gram of the respirable material is assumed to be released at ground leveL both with and without fire. The resulting doses and health risks can be scaled to whatever amount of release is appropriate for a postulated accident being investigated. The report begins with a summary of the organ-specific stochastic risk factors appropriate for alpha radiation, which poses the main health risk of plutonium and uranium. This is followed by a summary of the atmospheric dispersion factors for unfavorable and typical weather conditions for the calculation of consequences to both the Maximum Offsite Individual and the general population within 80 km (50 miles) of the site.

Peterson, V.L.

1995-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

9

Patient radiation doses in interventional cardiology in the U.S.: Advisory data sets and possible initial values for U.S. reference levels  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To determine patient radiation doses from interventional cardiology procedures in the U.S and to suggest possible initial values for U.S. benchmarks for patient radiation dose from selected interventional cardiology procedures [fluoroscopically guided diagnostic cardiac catheterization and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)]. Methods: Patient radiation dose metrics were derived from analysis of data from the 2008 to 2009 Nationwide Evaluation of X-ray Trends (NEXT) survey of cardiac catheterization. This analysis used deidentified data and did not require review by an IRB. Data from 171 facilities in 30 states were analyzed. The distributions (percentiles) of radiation dose metrics were determined for diagnostic cardiac catheterizations, PCI, and combined diagnostic and PCI procedures. Confidence intervals for these dose distributions were determined using bootstrap resampling. Results: Percentile distributions (advisory data sets) and possible preliminary U.S. reference levels (based on the 75th percentile of the dose distributions) are provided for cumulative air kerma at the reference point (K{sub a,r}), cumulative air kerma-area product (P{sub KA}), fluoroscopy time, and number of cine runs. Dose distributions are sufficiently detailed to permit dose audits as described in National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements Report No. 168. Fluoroscopy times are consistent with those observed in European studies, but P{sub KA} is higher in the U.S. Conclusions: Sufficient data exist to suggest possible initial benchmarks for patient radiation dose for certain interventional cardiology procedures in the U.S. Our data suggest that patient radiation dose in these procedures is not optimized in U.S. practice.

Miller, Donald L.; Hilohi, C. Michael; Spelic, David C. [Center for Devices and Radiological Health, Food and Drug Administration, 10903 New Hampshire Avenue, Silver Spring, Maryland 20993 (United States)

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

10

EPA`s program for risk assessment guidelines: Quantification issues  

SciTech Connect

The quantitative procedures associated with noncancer risk assessment include reference dose (RfD), benchmark dose, and severity modeling. The RfD, which is part of the EPA risk assessment guidelines, is an estimation of a level that is likely to be without any health risk to sensitive individuals. The RfD requires two major judgments: the first is choice of a critical effect(s) and its No Observed Adverse Effect Level (NOAEL); the second judgment is choice of an uncertainty factor. This paper discusses major assumptions and limitations of the RfD model.

Dourson, M.L. [Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC (United States)

1990-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

11

Letter report: References for radioactive releases to the atmosphere from Hanford operations, 1944--1957. Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project  

SciTech Connect

A search was made for published documents related to discharges of radioactive material from Hanford Site facilities to the atmosphere from 1944--1957. The purpose was to list documents that contain data that might be useful in developing a source term for airborne releases. The source term for the radionuclide that contributes most to dose, ioidine-131, is a separate effort. Other source terms will be developed later. This tabulation of published summaries of atmospheric release data shows the type of measurements that were being made from 1944--1957 and the magnitude of the discharges to the atmosphere. In the early years, very little data were collected that related to specific radionuclides. However, most of the key radionuclides were known to be present in effluents from occasional specific radionuclide analyses. 2 refs.

Hall, R.B.

1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

A Probabilistic Approach for Deriving Acceptable Human Intake Limits and Human Health Risks from Toxicological Studies: General Framework  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The use of uncertainty factors in the standard method for deriving acceptable intake or exposure limits for humans, such as the Reference Dose (RfD), may be viewed as a conservative method of taking various un...

W. Slob; M. N. Pieters

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Reference Material  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Reference Materials There are a variety of reference materials the NSSAB utilizes and have been made available on its website. Documents Fact Sheets - links to Department of Energy...

14

Reference Shelf  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Reference Shelf Reference Shelf Reference Shelf Find reference sources Questions? 505-667-5809 Email Biography Biographies of Women in Science Biography.com Marquis Who's Who NobelPrize.org Nobel Prize Internet Archive Calculators Currency Converter OnlineConversion.com Wolfram|Alpha Computational Knowledge Engine Dictionaries Oxford English Dictionary Merriam-Webster Dictionary DOD Dictionary of Military Terms Encyclopedias Britannica Online Columbia Encyclopedia Wikipedia Grants & Funding DOE Office of Science Grants & Contracts National Science Foundation National Institutes of Health Grants.Gov FedBizOpps.gov Los Alamos Info Los Alamos County Los Alamos Historical Society University of New Mexico - Los Alamos Campus Maps Atlapedia Online Perry-Casteneda Library Map Collection U.S. Gazetteer

15

Poroelastic references  

SciTech Connect

This file contains a list of relevant references on the Biot theory (forward and inverse approaches), the double-porosity and dual-permeability theory, and seismic wave propagation in fracture porous media, in RIS format, to approach seismic monitoring in a complex fractured porous medium such as Brady?s Geothermal Field.

Christina Morency

2014-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

16

Poroelastic references  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

This file contains a list of relevant references on the Biot theory (forward and inverse approaches), the double-porosity and dual-permeability theory, and seismic wave propagation in fracture porous media, in RIS format, to approach seismic monitoring in a complex fractured porous medium such as Brady?s Geothermal Field.

Christina Morency

17

Subject: References:  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Subject: Subject: References: DEAR 970.3102-2 Compensation for personal services DEAR 970.5204-13 Allowable costs and fixed-fee (Management and operating contracts) DEAR 970.5204-14 Allowable costs and fixed-fee (support contracts) When is this ~\.cquisition Letter (AL) Effective? This AL is effective 10 days from the date of issuance. This gui~ce supersedes any previous statutory cap on executive compensation. Existing contracts need to be reviewed to determine whether contract terms and conditions are consistent with the guidance in this AL, or whether contract modifications are necessary. When Does this AL Expire? This AL remain;; in effect until superseded or canceled. Whom do you Contact for More Information? Contact the Office of Procurement and Assistance Policy, for questions pertaining to the

18

Dose Limits  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Dose Limits ERAD (Question Posted to ERAD in May 2012) Who do you define as a member of the public for the onsite MEI? This question implies that there may be more than one maximally exposed individual (MEI), one on-site and one off-site, when demonstrating compliance with the Public Dose Limit of DOE Order 458.1. Although all potential MEIs should be considered and documented, as well as the calculated doses and pathways considered, the intent of DOE Order 458.1 is in fact to ultimately identify only one MEI, a theoretical individual who could be either on-site or off-site.

19

Health physics research reactor reference dosimetry  

SciTech Connect

Reference neutron dosimetry is developed for the Health Physics Research Reactor (HPRR) in the new operational configuration directly above its storage pit. This operational change was physically made early in CY 1985. The new reference dosimetry considered in this document is referred to as the 1986 HPRR reference dosimetry and it replaces any and all HPRR reference documents or papers issued prior to 1986. Reference dosimetry is developed for the unshielded HPRR as well as for the reactor with each of five different shield types and configurations. The reference dosimetry is presented in terms of three different dose and six different dose equivalent reporting conventions. These reporting conventions cover most of those in current use by dosimetrists worldwide. In addition to the reference neutron dosimetry, this document contains other useful dosimetry-related data for the HPRR in its new configuration. These data include dose-distance measurements and calculations, gamma dose measurements, neutron-to-gamma ratios, ''9-to-3 inch'' ratios, threshold detector unit measurements, 56-group neutron energy spectra, sulfur fluence measurements, and details concerning HPRR shields. 26 refs., 11 figs., 31 tabs.

Sims, C.S.; Ragan, G.E.

1987-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Changing quantum reference frames  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider the process of changing reference frames in the case where the reference frames are quantum systems. We find that, as part of this process, decoherence is necessarily induced on any quantum system described relative to these frames. We explore this process with examples involving reference frames for phase and orientation. Quantifying the effect of changing quantum reference frames serves as a first step in developing a relativity principle for theories in which all objects including reference frames are necessarily quantum.

Matthew C. Palmer; Florian Girelli; Stephen D. Bartlett

2014-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rfd reference dose" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Internal Dose Estimates from  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Appendix F Internal Dose Estimates from NTS Fallout F-1 #12;Radiation Dose to the Population;TABLE OF CONTENTS Page F- Part I. Estimates of Dose...........................................................................................40 Comparison to dose estimates from global fallout

22

Radiation Dose Estimates from  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Summary: Radiation Dose Estimates from Hanford Radioactive Material Releases to the Air- tantly, what radiation dose people may have received. An independent Technical Steering Panel (TSP, additionalProjectworkcouldresultin revisions of these dose estimates. April 21, 1994 Companion

23

High frequency reference electrode  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high frequency reference electrode for electrochemical experiments comprises a mercury-calomel or silver-silver chloride reference electrode with a layer of platinum around it and a layer of a chemically and electrically resistant material such as TEFLON around the platinum covering all but a small ring or halo' at the tip of the reference electrode, adjacent to the active portion of the reference electrode. The voltage output of the platinum layer, which serves as a redox electrode, and that of the reference electrode are coupled by a capacitor or a set of capacitors and the coupled output transmitted to a standard laboratory potentiostat. The platinum may be applied by thermal decomposition to the surface of the reference electrode. The electrode provides superior high-frequency response over conventional electrodes. 4 figs.

Kronberg, J.W.

1994-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

24

Optical voltage reference  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An optical voltage reference for providing an alternative to a battery source is described. The optical reference apparatus provides a temperature stable, high precision, isolated voltage reference through the use of optical isolation techniques to eliminate current and impedance coupling errors. Pulse rate frequency modulation is employed to eliminate errors in the optical transmission link while phase-lock feedback is employed to stabilize the frequency to voltage transfer function. 2 figures.

Rankin, R.; Kotter, D.

1994-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

25

Sample References Business Student  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and provide them with the job description/your resume Brand Yourself- the heading should be the same as your resume and cover letter Be Consistent- use the same fonts/sizes as your resume and cover letter Pay/advice-tools/resume-cover-letter/how-to-make-the-best-use-of-references Obtaining References http

26

Wilderness Preservation : a Reference Handbook  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Preservation: A Reference Handbook By Kenneth A. RossenbergPreservation: A Reference Handbook. Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO,Preservation: A Reference Handbook is a comprehensive

Zimmer, Peter

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Application Protocol Reference Architecture Application Protocol Reference Architecture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Application Protocol Reference Architecture 165 Chapter 7 Application Protocol Reference Architecture This chapter proposes an alternative reference architecture for application protocols. The proposed reference architecture consists of the set of possible architectures for application protocols

van Sinderen, Marten

28

NEWTON's Botany References  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Botany References Botany References Do you have a great botany reference link? Please click our Ideas page. Featured Reference Links: Dave's Garden - Plant Database Dave's Garden - Plant Database Visit Dave's Garden with information and photos for 185,359 different plants! United States Department of Agriculture Plant Database USDA PLANTS Database The PLANTS Database provides standardized information about the vascular plants, mosses, liverworts, hornworts, and lichens of the U.S. and its territories. Search over 40,000 plant images of US plants. Botany.com Botany.com Botany.com offers an encyclopedia of flowers and plants and resources to help people learn how to identify any different kinds of plants. Plant Kingdom This is a good reference for looking at the plant kingdom.

29

NEWTON's General Science References  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

General Science References General Science References Do you have a great general science reference link? Please click our Ideas page. Featured Reference Links: First.gov Science and Technology First.gov Science and Technology This site, sponsered by the US Government provides reference links to topics on science, telecommunications, computers, research agencies, and news. NASA Science NASA Science NASA Science, is a website sponsered by NASA, that supplies resources for understanding our world and the world above. Topics include earth science, heliophysics, the planets, astrophysics and much more. There is also an educator page! Nobel Laueate Listings and Stories Nobel Laueate Listings and Stories See the official site for the Nobel Prize, and read biographies about all of the Nobel Laureates, and there life changing discoveries and accomplishments.

30

Internal Dose Estimates from  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Appendix H Internal Dose Estimates from Global Fallout H-1 #12;Radiation Dose to the Population. 263-MQ-008090 September 30, 2000 H-2 #12;Radiation Dose to the Population of the Continental United Site Part I. Estimates of Dose Lynn R. Anspaugh Lynn R. Anspaugh, Consulting Salt Lake City, UT Report

31

References to Astrophysics Papers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

References to Astrophysics Papers References to Astrophysics Papers References to Astrophysics Papers Edward Tufte claims the most common number of references to scientific papers is zero. My five papers in astrophysics published from 1992 to 1996 continue to receive citations. Major ones are listed below. Mineo, S.; Rappaport, S.; Steinhorn, B.; Levine, A.; Gilfanov, M.; Pooley, D., 2013, The Astrophysical Journal, Volume 771, Issue 2, article id. 133, 12 pp. Spatially Resolved Star Formation Image and the Ultraluminous X-Ray Source Population in NGC 2207/IC 2163 Junqueira, T. C.; Lépine, J. R. D.; Braga, C. A. S.; Barros, D. A 2013, Astronomy & Astrophysics, Volume 550, id.A91. A new model for gravitational potential perturbations in disks of spiral galaxies. An application to our Galaxy.

32

NEWTON's References About Mathematics  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Math References Math References Do you have a great math reference link? Please click our Ideas page. Featured Reference Links: Steve Marsden's Chemistry Resources Discovery Education's Mathematics Guide Discovery Educators have provided a Mathematics Guide for Educators. Included are numerous links to sites that touch on almost every mathematic topic that you are interested in. The Ultimate Math Portal The Ultimate Math Portal Whether you are confused by multiplication, need extra practice with geometry proofs, find yourself struggling to understand logarithms, or you just want to know more about pi, you are sure to find what you need with this great list of math facts and resources. MathIsFun.com MathIsFun.com Here, math is explained in easy language, for your students to understand. Plus, there are puzzles, games, quizzes, worksheets and a forum for more exploration. This site is designed for K-12 kids, teachers and parents to enjoy.

33

NEWTON's Material Science References  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Material Science References Material Science References Do you have a great material science reference link? Please click our Ideas page. Featured Reference Links: Materials Research Society Materials Research Society The Materials Research Society has assembled many resources in its Materials Science Enthusiasts site. This site has information for the K-12 audience, general public, and materials science professionals. Material Science nanoHUB nanHUB.org is the place for nanotechnology research, education, and collaboration. There are Simulation Programs, Online Presentations, Courses, Learning Modules, Podcasts, Animations, Teaching Materials, and more. (Intened for high school and up) Materials Science Resources on the Web Materials Science Resources on the Web This site gives a good general introduction into material science. Sponsered by Iowa State, it talks about what material science is, ceramics and composites, and other topics.

34

NEWTON's Molecular Biology References  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Molecular Biology References Molecular Biology References Do you have a great reference link? Please click our Ideas page. Featured Reference Links: The Vitual Museum of Bacteria The Vitual Museum of Bacteria Visit the virtual museum of bacteria to learn more about bacteria and germs! This site brings together many links on bacteria, bacteriology, and related topics available on the web. It also provides crystal-clear information about many aspects of bacteria. The American Society of Cell Biology Cell Biology Educational Resources This site, sponsered by the American Society of Cell Biology, provides additional web links to everything from, general educational sites, to biology course materials, to teaching tools and more. National Center for Biotechnology Information National Center for Biotechnology Information

35

REFERENCES Baines, W. D.  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

was performed at Sandia National Laboratories, supported by the U. S. Department of Energy under contract number DE-AC04-76DP00789. REFERENCES Baines, W. D. a, Jd Peterson,...

36

Value of Information References  

SciTech Connect

This file contains a list of relevant references on value of information (VOI) in RIS format. VOI provides a quantitative analysis to evaluate the outcome of the combined technologies (seismology, hydrology, geodesy) used to monitor Brady's Geothermal Field.

Morency, Christina

2014-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

37

Value of Information References  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

This file contains a list of relevant references on value of information (VOI) in RIS format. VOI provides a quantitative analysis to evaluate the outcome of the combined technologies (seismology, hydrology, geodesy) used to monitor Brady's Geothermal Field.

Morency, Christina

38

Precision displacement reference system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A precision displacement reference system is described, which enables real time accountability over the applied displacement feedback system to precision machine tools, positioning mechanisms, motion devices, and related operations. As independent measurements of tool location is taken by a displacement feedback system, a rotating reference disk compares feedback counts with performed motion. These measurements are compared to characterize and analyze real time mechanical and control performance during operation.

Bieg, Lothar F. (Albuquerque, NM); Dubois, Robert R. (Albuquerque, NM); Strother, Jerry D. (Edgewood, NM)

2000-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

39

Extended range radiation dose-rate monitor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An extended range dose-rate monitor is provided which utilizes the pulse pileup phenomenon that occurs in conventional counting systems to alter the dynamic response of the system to extend the dose-rate counting range. The current pulses from a solid-state detector generated by radiation events are amplified and shaped prior to applying the pulses to the input of a comparator. The comparator generates one logic pulse for each input pulse which exceeds the comparator reference threshold. These pulses are integrated and applied to a meter calibrated to indicate the measured dose-rate in response to the integrator output. A portion of the output signal from the integrator is fed back to vary the comparator reference threshold in proportion to the output count rate to extend the sensitive dynamic detection range by delaying the asymptotic approach of the integrator output toward full scale as measured by the meter.

Valentine, Kenneth H. (Knoxville, TN)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Quality Assurance REFERENCE GUIDE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Quality Assurance Quality Assurance Qualification Standard DOE-STD-1150-2002 July 2012 Reference Guide The Functional Area Qualification Standard References Guides are developed to assist operators, maintenance personnel, and the technical staff in the acquisition of technical competence and qualification within the Technical Qualification Program. Please direct your questions or comments related to this document to the Office of Leadership and Career Management, Technical Qualification Program (TQP) Manager, Albuquerque Complex. This page is intentionally blank. Table of Contents i FIGURES ....................................................................................................................................... ii TABLES ........................................................................................................................................ iii

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rfd reference dose" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Nonresident Alien Reference Guide  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- 1 - Nonresident Alien Reference Guide #12;- 2 - Definition Nonresident Alien (NRA) is defined as any employee who is NOT a United States Citizen or a Permanent Resident (Resident Alien or Green Card status. These are NOT Immigration categories. United States Citizen Permanent Resident Alien Resident

Adali, Tulay

42

(Nonresident Alien) Reference Guide  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

- 1 - NRA (Nonresident Alien) Reference Guide #12;- 2 - UMBC'S OFFICES ASSISTING THE NONRESIDENT ALIEN (NRA) Office of International Education Administration Building 2nd floor Arlene Wergin Ext: 5 - Definition Nonresident Alien (NRA) is defined as any employee who is NOT a United States Citizen

Adali, Tulay

43

Grant Reference Lead / Sole  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rank Overall Score Grant Reference Lead / Sole Grant Grant Holder Research Organisation Project sediment-concentration and velocity data for submarine turbidity currents Standard Grant DEC12 1 9 NE-concentration and velocity data for submarine turbidity currents Standard Grant DEC12 2 8 NE/K015184/1 Y Alistair Pike

44

References: Elmasri/Navathe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2. Disks and the Bu#er Cache 2­1 Part 2: Disks and Caching References: . Elmasri Implementierung. . Mark Gurry , Peter Corrigan: Oracle Performance Tuning, 2nd Edition (with disk). . Oracle 8i.com/] . Wikipedia (RAID systems): [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Redundant Array of Independent Disks] . The PC Guide

Brass, Stefan

45

Diesel engine reference book  

SciTech Connect

This book is a reference on the design, operation, and maintenance of all types of diesel engines, ranging from the smallest automotive and ancillary engines to the largest marine diesels. Nearly 900 line drawings, graphs and photos illustrate the book. Major Sections: Theory; Engine Design Practice; Lubrication; Environmental Pollution; Crankcase Explosions; Engine Types; Engine Testing; Maintenance; Index.

Lilly, I.R.C.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

NEWTON's Botany References  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Botany References Botany References Do you have a great botany video? Please click our Ideas page. Featured Videos: AOL News AOL News - Botany Videos AOL news provides hundreds of botany videos from around the world. View informational and instructional videos as well as interviews about the latest botany topics and discoveries. NeoK12 Plant Videos NeoK12 - Every Plant Topic Imaginable Explore videos encompassing every category dealing with plants. Learn about photosynthesis, plant evolution, reproduction, and many more plant related videos. Fungus Image Fungi Videos BBC Nature provides informational videos about fugni and other organisms. Learn and explore a wide variety of topics concerning the fungus kingdom. Other Botany Videos: Botany Videos for Kids Look at various botany videos geared towards a younger audience.

47

OSH technical reference manual  

SciTech Connect

In an evaluation of the Department of Energy (DOE) Occupational Safety and Health programs for government-owned contractor-operated (GOCO) activities, the Department of Labor`s Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) recommended a technical information exchange program. The intent was to share written safety and health programs, plans, training manuals, and materials within the entire DOE community. The OSH Technical Reference (OTR) helps support the secretary`s response to the OSHA finding by providing a one-stop resource and referral for technical information that relates to safe operations and practice. It also serves as a technical information exchange tool to reference DOE-wide materials pertinent to specific safety topics and, with some modification, as a training aid. The OTR bridges the gap between general safety documents and very specific requirements documents. It is tailored to the DOE community and incorporates DOE field experience.

Not Available

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Neutron dose equivalent meter  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A neutron dose equivalent detector for measuring neutron dose capable of accurately responding to neutron energies according to published fluence to dose curves. The neutron dose equivalent meter has an inner sphere of polyethylene, with a middle shell overlying the inner sphere, the middle shell comprising RTV.RTM. silicone (organosiloxane) loaded with boron. An outer shell overlies the middle shell and comprises polyethylene loaded with tungsten. The neutron dose equivalent meter defines a channel through the outer shell, the middle shell, and the inner sphere for accepting a neutron counter tube. The outer shell is loaded with tungsten to provide neutron generation, increasing the neutron dose equivalent meter's response sensitivity above 8 MeV.

Olsher, Richard H. (Los Alamos, NM); Hsu, Hsiao-Hua (Los Alamos, NM); Casson, William H. (Los Alamos, NM); Vasilik, Dennis G. (Los Alamos, NM); Kleck, Jeffrey H. (Menlo Park, CA); Beverding, Anthony (Foster City, CA)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Headquarters Security Quick Reference Book  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This quick reference book provides an overview of Department of Energy (DOE) Headquarters (HQ) security programs.

50

Effective dose estimation during conventional and CT urography  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Intravenous urography (IVU) and CT urography (CTU) are efficient radiological examinations for the evaluation of the urinary system disorders. However patients are exposed to a significant radiation dose. The objectives of this study are to: (i) measure and compare patient radiation dose by computed tomography urography (CTU) and conventional intravenous urography (IVU) and (ii) evaluate organ equivalent dose and cancer risks from CTU and IVU imaging procedures. A total of 141 patients were investigated. A calibrated CT machine (Siemens-Somatom Emotion duo) was used for CTU, while a Shimadzu X ray machine was used for IVU. Thermoluminescence dosimeters (TLD-GR200A) were used to measure patients' entrance surface doses (ESD). \\{TLDs\\} were calibrated under reproducible reference conditions. Patients radiation dose values (DLP) for CTU were 17261mGycm, \\{CTDIvol\\} 4.752mGy and effective dose 2.581mSv. Patient cancer probabilities were estimated to be 1.4 per million per CTU examination. Patients \\{ESDs\\} values for IVU were 21.625mGy, effective dose 1.791mSv. CT involves a higher effective dose than IVU. In this study the radiation dose is considered low compared to previous studies. The effective dose from CTU procedures was 30% higher compared to IVU procedures. Wide dose variation between patient doses suggests that optimization is not fulfilled yet.

K. Alzimami; A. Sulieman; E. Omer; I.I. Suliman; K. Alsafi

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

External Dose Estimates from  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Appendix G External Dose Estimates from Global Fallout G-1 #12;External Radiation Exposure-MQ-003539 March 15, 2000 G-2 #12;Abstract This report provides estimates of the external radiation-62. Estimates are given on a county by county basis for each month from 1953-1972. The average population dose

52

External Dose Estimates from  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Appendix E External Dose Estimates from NTS Fallout E-1 #12;External Radiation Exposure. 1, 1999) E-2 #12;Abstract This report provides estimates of the external radiation exposure of this report to: "Prepare crude estimates of the doses from external irradiation received by the American

53

Reference Handbook: Pressure detectors  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this handbook is to provide Rocky Flats personnel with the information necessary to understand pressure detection. Upon completion of this handbook you should be able to do the following: Define pressure in terms of force and area. Describe the basic operating principles of the U-Tube Manometer. Demonstrate proper techniques for reading Manometers. Describe the basic operating principles of the three types of Bourdon Tubes. Explain the difference between diaphragm. and bellows-type pressure measurement devices. This handbook is designed for use by experienced Rocky Flats operators to reinforce and improve their current knowledge level, and by entry-level operators to ensure that they possess a minimum level of fundamental knowledge. Pressure Detectors is applicable to many job classifications and can be used as a reference for classroom work or for self-study. Although this reference handbook is by no means all-encompassing, you will gain enough information about this subject area to assist you in contributing to the safe operations of Rocky Flats Plant.

Not Available

1990-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

54

Energy and American Society : a Reference Handbook  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

American Society: A Reference Handbook By E. Willard MillerSOCIETY: A REFERENCE HANDBOOK (Contemporary World IssuesSOCIETY: A REFERENCE HANDBOOK is an important reference work

Li, Haipeng

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Technical Reference OVERVIEW  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Parking and the ENERGY STAR Score in the United States and Canada Page 1 Parking and the ENERGY STAR Score in the United States and Canada Page 1 Parking and the ENERGY STAR Score in the United States and Canada Technical Reference OVERVIEW The ENERGY STAR score provides a fair assessment of the energy performance of a property relative to its peers, taking into account the climate, weather, and business activities at the property. Parking areas are not eligible to earn the ENERGY STAR score. However, because parking is a common amenity at other commercial building types (i.e., office and hotels), the ENERGY STAR score does make adjustments to accommodate for the presence of parking.

56

Nuclear Science References Database  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Nuclear Science References (NSR) database together with its associated Web interface, is the world's only comprehensive source of easily accessible low- and intermediate-energy nuclear physics bibliographic information for more than 210,000 articles since the beginning of nuclear science. The weekly-updated NSR database provides essential support for nuclear data evaluation, compilation and research activities. The principles of the database and Web application development and maintenance are described. Examples of nuclear structure, reaction and decay applications are specifically included. The complete NSR database is freely available at the websites of the National Nuclear Data Center http://www.nndc.bnl.gov/nsr and the International Atomic Energy Agency http://www-nds.iaea.org/nsr.

B. Pritychenko; E. B?tk; B. Singh; J. Totans

2014-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

57

Tank characterization reference guide  

SciTech Connect

Characterization of the Hanford Site high-level waste storage tanks supports safety issue resolution; operations and maintenance requirements; and retrieval, pretreatment, vitrification, and disposal technology development. Technical, historical, and programmatic information about the waste tanks is often scattered among many sources, if it is documented at all. This Tank Characterization Reference Guide, therefore, serves as a common location for much of the generic tank information that is otherwise contained in many documents. The report is intended to be an introduction to the issues and history surrounding the generation, storage, and management of the liquid process wastes, and a presentation of the sampling, analysis, and modeling activities that support the current waste characterization. This report should provide a basis upon which those unfamiliar with the Hanford Site tank farms can start their research.

De Lorenzo, D.S.; DiCenso, A.T.; Hiller, D.B.; Johnson, K.W.; Rutherford, J.H.; Smith, D.J. [Los Alamos Technical Associates, Kennewick, WA (United States); Simpson, B.C. [Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States)

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Long life reference electrode  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An external, reference electrode is provided for long term use with a high temperature, high pressure system. The electrode is arranged in a vertical, electrically insulative tube with an upper portion serving as an electrolyte reservoir and a lower portion in electrolytic communication with the system to be monitored. The lower end portion includes a flow restriction such as a porous plug to limit the electrolyte release into the system. A piston equalized to the system pressure is fitted into the upper portion of the tube to impart a small incremental pressure to the electrolyte. The piston is selected of suitable size and weight to cause only a slight flow of electrolyte through the porous plug into the high pressure system. This prevents contamination of the electrolyte but is of such small flow rate that operating intervals of a month or more can be achieved. 2 figs.

Yonco, R.M.; Nagy, Z.

1987-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

59

Synchronized dynamic dose reconstruction  

SciTech Connect

Variations in target volume position between and during treatment fractions can lead to measurable differences in the dose distribution delivered to each patient. Current methods to estimate the ongoing cumulative delivered dose distribution make idealized assumptions about individual patient motion based on average motions observed in a population of patients. In the delivery of intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) with a multi-leaf collimator (MLC), errors are introduced in both the implementation and delivery processes. In addition, target motion and MLC motion can lead to dosimetric errors from interplay effects. All of these effects may be of clinical importance. Here we present a method to compute delivered dose distributions for each treatment beam and fraction, which explicitly incorporates synchronized real-time patient motion data and real-time fluence and machine configuration data. This synchronized dynamic dose reconstruction method properly accounts for the two primary classes of errors that arise from delivering IMRT with an MLC: (a) Interplay errors between target volume motion and MLC motion, and (b) Implementation errors, such as dropped segments, dose over/under shoot, faulty leaf motors, tongue-and-groove effect, rounded leaf ends, and communications delays. These reconstructed dose fractions can then be combined to produce high-quality determinations of the dose distribution actually received to date, from which individualized adaptive treatment strategies can be determined.

Litzenberg, Dale W.; Hadley, Scott W.; Tyagi, Neelam; Balter, James M.; Ten Haken, Randall K.; Chetty, Indrin J. [University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States)

2007-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

60

ENRAF gauge reference level calculations  

SciTech Connect

This document describes the method for calculating reference levels for Enraf Series 854 Level Detectors as installed in the tank farms. The reference level calculation for each installed level gauge is contained herein.

Huber, J.H., Fluor Daniel Hanford

1997-02-06T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rfd reference dose" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

LAI References and Summaries  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cart Sign In/Register Quick Data Search Help icon Go NASA Meatball Cart Sign In/Register Quick Data Search Help icon Go NASA Meatball No JAVASCRIPT Capabilities. This site will not function without JavaScript. Please use the Web Product Tree. or anonymous FTP at ftp://daac.ornl.gov/data. Global Leaf Area Index Data from Field Measurements, 1932-2000 References and summaries for literature on leaf area index (reviews, methodology, etc.) Barclay, H. J. (1998) Conversion of total leaf area to projcted leaf area in lodgepole pine and Douglas-fir. Tree PHysiology 18, 185-193. Summary It is noted that three distinct definitions of leaf area index (LAI) in the literature have no predictable relationship with each other. Conversion factors were derived, from total LAI to projected LAI of horizontal leaves and to projected LAI for inclined leaves of lodgepole pine and coastal Douglas-fir, enabling comparison of results from different studies. An algorithm was derived to allow determination of these factors based on twig angles and the angles that the foliage subtends with the twig. The conversion factor was more sensitive to differences in vertical angles of the twigs than to twig rotation or foliar arrangement on the twig.

62

Sensor Characteristics Reference Guide  

SciTech Connect

The Buildings Technologies Office (BTO), within the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), is initiating a new program in Sensor and Controls. The vision of this program is: Buildings operating automatically and continuously at peak energy efficiency over their lifetimes and interoperating effectively with the electric power grid. Buildings that are self-configuring, self-commissioning, self-learning, self-diagnosing, self-healing, and self-transacting to enable continuous peak performance. Lower overall building operating costs and higher asset valuation. The overarching goal is to capture 30% energy savings by enhanced management of energy consuming assets and systems through development of cost-effective sensors and controls. One step in achieving this vision is the publication of this Sensor Characteristics Reference Guide. The purpose of the guide is to inform building owners and operators of the current status, capabilities, and limitations of sensor technologies. It is hoped that this guide will aid in the design and procurement process and result in successful implementation of building sensor and control systems. DOE will also use this guide to identify research priorities, develop future specifications for potential market adoption, and provide market clarity through unbiased information

Cree, Johnathan V.; Dansu, A.; Fuhr, P.; Lanzisera, Steven M.; McIntyre, T.; Muehleisen, Ralph T.; Starke, M.; Banerjee, Pranab; Kuruganti, T.; Castello, C.

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Capillary reference half-cell  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention is a reference half-cell electrode wherein intermingling of test fluid with reference fluid does not affect the performance of the reference half-cell over a long time. This intermingling reference half-cell may be used as a single or double junction submersible or surface reference electrode. The intermingling reference half-cell relies on a capillary tube having a first end open to reference fluid and a second end open to test fluid wherein the small diameter of the capillary tube limits free motion of fluid within the capillary to diffusion. The electrode is placed near the first end of the capillary in contact with the reference fluid. The method of operation of the present invention begins with filling the capillary tube with a reference solution. After closing the first end of the capillary, the capillary tube may be fully submerged or partially submerged with the second open end inserted into test fluid. Since the electrode is placed near the first end of the capillary, and since the test fluid may intermingle with the reference fluid through the second open end only by diffusion, this intermingling capillary reference half-cell provides a stable voltage potential for long time periods. 11 figs.

Hall, S.H.

1996-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

64

reference | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

98 98 Varnish cache server Home Groups Community Central Green Button Applications Developer Utility Rate FRED: FRee Energy Database More Public Groups Private Groups Features Groups Blog posts Content Stream Documents Discussions Polls Q & A Events Notices My stuff Energy blogs 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142235098 Varnish cache server reference Home Jweers's picture Submitted by Jweers(83) Contributor 7 August, 2013 - 18:23 New Robust References! citation citing developer formatting reference Semantic Mediawiki wiki Check out the new Reference Form. Adding a reference object to OpenEI using this form is the most complete way to cite a reference. After providing the name of your reference, the form will ask for your document

65

ORISE: Dose modeling and assessments  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

have participated include: Derivation of DCGLs for the Curtis Bay and Hammond depots Vermont Yankee Nuclear Power Station dose assessment study Radium timepiece dose modeling...

66

Utirik Atoll Dose Assessment  

SciTech Connect

On March 1, 1954, radioactive fallout from the nuclear test at Bikini Atoll code-named BRAVO was deposited on Utirik Atoll which lies about 187 km (300 miles) east of Bikini Atoll. The residents of Utirik were evacuated three days after the fallout started and returned to their atoll in May 1954. In this report we provide a final dose assessment for current conditions at the atoll based on extensive data generated from samples collected in 1993 and 1994. The estimated population average maximum annual effective dose using a diet including imported foods is 0.037 mSv y{sup -1} (3.7 mrem y{sup -1}). The 95% confidence limits are within a factor of three of their population average value. The population average integrated effective dose over 30-, 50-, and 70-y is 0.84 mSv (84, mrem), 1.2 mSv (120 mrem), and 1.4 mSv (140 mrem), respectively. The 95% confidence limits on the population-average value post 1998, i.e., the 30-, 50-, and 70-y integral doses, are within a factor of two of the mean value and are independent of time, t, for t > 5 y. Cesium-137 ({sup 137}Cs) is the radionuclide that contributes most of this dose, mostly through the terrestrial food chain and secondarily from external gamma exposure. The dose from weapons-related radionuclides is very low and of no consequence to the health of the population. The annual background doses in the U. S. and Europe are 3.0 mSv (300 mrem), and 2.4 mSv (240 mrem), respectively. The annual background dose in the Marshall Islands is estimated to be 1.4 mSv (140 mrem). The total estimated combined Marshall Islands background dose plus the weapons-related dose is about 1.5 mSv y{sup -1} (150 mrem y{sup -1}) which can be directly compared to the annual background effective dose of 3.0 mSv y{sup -1} (300 mrem y{sup -1}) for the U. S. and 2.4 mSv y{sup -1} (240 mrem y{sup -1}) for Europe. Moreover, the doses listed in this report are based only on the radiological decay of {sup 137}Cs (30.1 y half-life) and other radionuclides. However, we continually see {sup 137}Cs in the groundwater at all contaminated atolls; the turnover time of the groundwater is about 5 y. The {sup 137}Cs can only get to the groundwater by leaching through the soil column when a portion of the soluble fraction of {sup 137}Cs inventory in the soil is transported to the groundwater when rainfall is heavy enough to cause recharge of the aquifer. This process is causing a loss of {sup 137}Cs out of the root zone of the plants that provides an environmental loss constant ({lambda}{sub env}) in addition to radiological decay {lambda}{sub rad}. Consequently, there is an effective rate of loss, {lambda}{sub eff} = {lambda}{sub rad} + {lambda}{sub env} that is the sum of the radiological and environmental-loss decay constants. We have had, and continue to have, a vigorous program to determine the rate of the environmental loss process. What we do know at this time is that the loss of {sup 137}Cs over time is greater than the estimate based on radiological decay only, and that the actual dose received by the Utirik people over 30-, 50-, or 70-y will be less than those presented in this report.

Robison, W.L.; Conrado, C.L.; Bogen, K.T

1999-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

67

Dose Reduction Techniques  

SciTech Connect

As radiation safety specialists, one of the things we are required to do is evaluate tools, equipment, materials and work practices and decide whether the use of these products or work practices will reduce radiation dose or risk to the environment. There is a tendency for many workers that work with radioactive material to accomplish radiological work the same way they have always done it rather than look for new technology or change their work practices. New technology is being developed all the time that can make radiological work easier and result in less radiation dose to the worker or reduce the possibility that contamination will be spread to the environment. As we discuss the various tools and techniques that reduce radiation dose, keep in mind that the radiological controls should be reasonable. We can not always get the dose to zero, so we must try to accomplish the work efficiently and cost-effectively. There are times we may have to accept there is only so much you can do. The goal is to do the smart things that protect the worker but do not hinder him while the task is being accomplished. In addition, we should not demand that large amounts of money be spent for equipment that has marginal value in order to save a few millirem. We have broken the handout into sections that should simplify the presentation. Time, distance, shielding, and source reduction are methods used to reduce dose and are covered in Part I on work execution. We then look at operational considerations, radiological design parameters, and discuss the characteristics of personnel who deal with ALARA. This handout should give you an overview of what it takes to have an effective dose reduction program.

WAGGONER, L.O.

2000-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

68

Tips: References | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

References References Tips: References April 11, 2012 - 9:03am Addthis Tips: References The following resources were used to develop the Energy Savers Guide: Tips on Saving Money and Energy at Home: Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy Cool Roof Rating Council Database of State Incentives for Renewables & Efficiency (DSIRE) DOE Building America DOE Building Technologies Program DOE Building Technologies Program, 2010 Buildings Energy Databook DOE Energy Information Administration Residential Energy Consumption Survey DOE/EPA Fuel Economy Guide DOE Federal Energy Management Program DOE Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability ENERGY STAR® Green Roofs for Healthy Cities National Renewable Energy Laboratory

69

FAQS Reference Guide- Aviation Manager  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the January 2010 edition of DOE-STD-1164-2003 Chg 1, Aviation Safety Officer Functional Area Qualification Standard.

70

FAQS Reference Guide Criticality Safety  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the April 2009 edition of DOE-STD-1173-2009, Criticality Safety Functional Area Qualification Standard.

71

FAQS Reference Guide- Chemical Processing  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the February 2010 edition of DOE-STD-1176-2010, Chemical Processing Functional Area Qualification Standard.

72

FAQS Reference Guide Emergency Management  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the January 2004 edition of DOE-STD-1177-2004, Emergency Management Functional Area Qualification Standard.

73

FAQS Reference Guide Industrial Hygiene  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the November 2007 edition of DOE-STD-1138-2007, Industrial Hygiene Functional Area Qualification Standard.

74

FAQS Reference Guide Facility Representative  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the October 2010 edition of DOE-STD-1151-2010, Facility Representative Functional Area Qualification Standard.

75

Ris Energy Report 6 References Reference list for Chapter 3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. European Commission. (2006). Action plan for energy efficiency: Real- ising the potential. Brussels. 2Risø Energy Report 6 References Reference list for Chapter 3 1. European Commission. (2007. Review Report FutuRES-E. Energy Economics group, university of Vienna. 5. European Commission. (2007

76

ORISE: Dose Coefficients for Intakes of Radionuclides via Contaminated  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dose Coefficients for Intakes of Radionuclides via Contaminated Wounds Dose Coefficients for Intakes of Radionuclides via Contaminated Wounds Dose coefficients for 38 radionuclides based on NCRP Wound Model and ICRP biokinetic models This report is intended to assist health physics and medical staff in more rapidly assessing the potential dosimetric consequences of a contaminated wound. The National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements Wound Model describing the retention of selected radionuclides at the site of a contaminated wound and their uptake into the transfer compartment has been combined with the International Commission on Radiological Protection element-specific systemic models for those radionuclides to derive dose coefficients for intakes via contaminated wounds. Examples are also provided on using the dose coefficients to generate derived reference

77

Archived Reference Building Type: Hospital  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed in or after 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

78

Archived Reference Building Type: Hospital  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed before 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary ofbuilding types and climate zonesis available for reference.Current versionsare also available.

79

Archived Reference Building Type: Warehouse  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed in or after 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

80

Archived Reference Building Type: Warehouse  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed before 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary ofbuilding types and climate zonesis available for reference.Current versionsare also available.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rfd reference dose" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

NPS Quick Reference Guide | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Reference GuideLegal Abstract NPS Quick Reference Guide, current through August 13, 2014. Published NA Year Signed or Took Effect 2014 Legal Citation NPS Quick Reference Guide...

82

reference case | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

reference case reference case Dataset Summary Description This dataset comes from the Energy Information Administration (EIA), and is part of the 2011 Annual Energy Outlook Report (AEO2011). This dataset is table 1, and contains only the reference case. The dataset uses quadrillion BTUs, and quantifies the energy prices using U.S. dollars. The data is broken down into total production, imports, exports, consumption, and prices for energy types. Source EIA Date Released April 26th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords 2011 AEO consumption EIA export import production reference case total energy Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon AEO2011: Total Energy Supply, Disposition, and Price Summary - Reference Case (xls, 112.8 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Peer Reviewed

83

Radiation dose profile in 125I brachytherapy: an 8-year review  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......KFSHRC is well known in the Kingdom to specialise in cancer treatment using both radiation therapy and brachytherapy...using the IAEA rod phantom and an Eberline DNS-26 depleted uranium standard reference source with a known absorbed dose......

A. N. Al-Haj; A. M. Lobriguito; C. S. Lagarde

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Technical Reference | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Reference Reference Dataset Summary Description Technical Reference for Hydrogen Compatibility of Materials Source Sandia National Laboratories Date Released June 03rd, 2010 (4 years ago) Date Updated September 27th, 2012 (2 years ago) Keywords Compatibility of Materials hydrogen NREL Sandia Technical Database Technical Reference Data application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet icon 1100_cia85_ten_fra_fat.xlsx (xlsx, 60.9 KiB) application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet icon 1100_san10_fra_fat.xlsx (xlsx, 58.5 KiB) application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet icon 1100_san10b_fra_fat.xlsx (xlsx, 59.4 KiB) application/vnd.openxmlformats-officedocument.spreadsheetml.sheet icon 1100_san11_fra_fat.xlsx (xlsx, 48.4 KiB)

85

NETL: Carbon Storage - Reference Shelf  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Carbon Storage > Reference Shelf Carbon Storage > Reference Shelf Carbon Storage Reference Shelf Below are links to Carbon Storage Program documents and reference materials. Each of the 10 categories has a variety of documents posted for easy access to current information - just click on the category link to view all related materials. RSS Icon Subscribe to the Carbon Storage RSS Feed. Carbon Storage Collage 2012 Carbon Utilization and Storage Atlas IV Carbon Sequestration Project Portfolio DOE/NETL Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage RD&D Roadmap Public Outreach and Education for Carbon Storage Projects Carbon Storage Technology Program Plan Carbon Storage Newsletter Archive Impact of the Marcellus Shale Gas Play on Current and Future CCS Activities Site Screening, Selection, and Initial Characterization for Storage of CO2 in Deep Geologic Formations Carbon Storage Systems and Well Management Activities Monitoring, Verification, and Accounting of CO2 Stored in Deep Geologic Formations

86

FAQS Reference Guide Radiation Protection  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This reference guide has been developed to address the competency statements in the December 2003 edition of DOE-STD-1174-2003, Radiation Protection Functional Area Qualification Standard.

87

Appendix A. Reference case projections  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

U.S. Energy Information Administration | International Energy Outlook 2014 26 Appendix A Table A2. World liquids consumption by region, Reference case, 2009-40 (million barrels per...

88

FAQS Reference Guide Occupational Safety  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This reference guide has been developed to address the competency statements in the July 2011 version of DOE-STD-1160-2011, Occupational Safety Functional Area Qualification Standard.

89

Tips: References | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tips: References Tips: References Tips: References April 11, 2012 - 9:03am Addthis Tips: References The following resources were used to develop the Energy Savers Guide: Tips on Saving Money and Energy at Home: Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy Cool Roof Rating Council Database of State Incentives for Renewables & Efficiency (DSIRE) DOE Building America DOE Building Technologies Program DOE Building Technologies Program, 2010 Buildings Energy Databook DOE Energy Information Administration Residential Energy Consumption Survey DOE/EPA Fuel Economy Guide DOE Federal Energy Management Program DOE Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability ENERGY STAR® Green Roofs for Healthy Cities National Renewable Energy Laboratory

90

FAQS Reference Guide Quality Assurance  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This reference guide has been developed to address the competency statements in the April 2002 edition of DOE-Standard (STD)-1150-2002, Quality Assurance Functional Area Qualification Standard.

91

Exposure to Low-Dose Ionizing Radiation from Medical Imaging Procedures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...did not use measures of radiation dose that are specific to the subjects we studied but instead relied on estimates of effective doses, which are neither precisely measured nor subject-specific. The effective dose is a calculated estimate designed to provide a sex-averaged dose for a reference subject... Experimental and epidemiologic evidence has linked exposure to low-dose, ionizing radiation with the development of solid cancers and leukemia.1 As a result, persons at risk for repeated radiation exposure, such as workers in health care and the nuclear ...

Fazel R.; Krumholz H.M.; Wang Y.

2009-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

92

Safeguards and Security Program References  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

The manual establishes definitions for terms related to the Department of Energy Safeguards and Security (S&S) Program and includes lists of references and acronyms/abbreviations applicable to S&S Program directives. Cancels the Safeguards and Security Glossary of Terms, dated 12-18-95. Current Safeguards and Security Program References can also be found at Safeguards and Security Policy Information Resource (http://pir.pnl.gov/)

2005-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

93

REFERENCES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chapter 3. Turbulent diffusion and interactions with the surface Chapter 4. Subgrid-scale orographic drag Chapter 5. Convection Chapter 6. Clouds and large-scale precipitation

Chapter Overview; Chapter Radiation; Chapter Land Suface Parametrization; Chapter Climatological Data

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

REFERENCES  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Anderson-Sprecher, R, Flatman, G. T. and...and Marriott, J. V. R. (1999) Radiocaesium...331-336. Brisbin, I. L., Jr., Staton, M. A...E. III and Geiger, R. A. (1974) Radiocesium...Designs for Research (R. McNally: Chicago, IL). Chappell......

REFERENCES

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

References  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......905-911. Dickinson H. C. Combustion calorimetry and the heats of combustion of cane sugar, benzoic...Contemporary Radiation Chemistry-Teply J., ed. (1971...149-155. Fay I. W. The Chemistry of Coal-Tar Dyes (1911) New......

References

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

References  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Shapiro D. E. Estimating the accuracy of screening...T. Mammography grid performance. Radiology...7:395-405. Smart C. R. , Hendrick...III, Smith R. A. Benefit of mammograpy screening...Radiol. 7, 395405. Smart, C. R., Hendrick...A. (1995). "Benefit of mammograpy screen......

References

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

References  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......T. Mammography grid performance. Radiology...7:395-405. Smart C. R. , Hendrick...III, Smith R. A. Benefit of mammograpy screening...J. Contrast and grid performance in mammography...Radiol. 7, 395405. Smart, C. R., Hendrick...A. (1995). "Benefit of mammograpy screen......

References

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

REFERENCES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Matri.x Iterative Analysis. Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 322 pp. Watts, J.W., 1971. An Iterative Matrix Solution Method Suitable for Anisotropic Prob- lems.

2008-08-23T23:59:59.000Z

99

References  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......US Preventive Services Task Force. Screening for breast cancer...analysis," pp. 771798 in Handbook of Medical Imaging. Vol...Metz, C. E. (2000). "Fundamental ROC analysis," pp. 751770 in Handbook of Medical Imaging, Volume......

References

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

REFERENCES  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......A. (2003) Spatial scales of 137Cs-derived soil flux by wind in a 25 km2 arable area of eastern England. Catena 52 , 209-234...strontium-90 accumulation in white-tailed deer mandibles, J. Wildlife Manage. 29 , 39-43. Scott, D. E., Whicker, F. W......

REFERENCES

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rfd reference dose" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

References  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Impact of micro- and nano-grazers on phytoplankton assessed by standard and size-fractionated dilution grazing experiments. Aquat. Microb. Ecol. 50: 145-156.

102

REFERENCES  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Collisions-Dalgarno A., Freound R. S., Koch P. M., Lubell M. S., Lucatorto T. B., eds. (1990) AIP Conference...205, Dalgarno, A., Freound, R. S., Koch, P. M., Lubell, M. S. and Lucatorto, T. B. Eds. (American Institute......

REFERENCES

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

References  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......industrial radiation sterilization process control. Radiat. Phys. Chem...MOSFET dosimetry. Proc. Ann. Mtg. Health Physics Society (1988...Processing (Trans. First Int. Mtg Puerto Rico, 1976). 567-573...Ed. (1968). Fundamental Processes in Radiation Chemistry (Interscience......

References

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

REFERENCES  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......239,240Pu in soils around the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site...Plutonium in Soil around the Rocky Flats Plant. HASL-235 (U.S. Atomic...appraisal of 241Am in soils around Rocky Flats, Colorado, Health Phys. 71......

REFERENCES

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

REFERENCES  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Soil around the Rocky Flats Plant. HASL-235...Commission, Health and Safety Laboratory: New...in soils around Rocky Flats, Colorado, Health...plutonium particles in Rocky Flats soil, Health Phys...on Radiological Safety in the Marshall......

REFERENCES

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

RIS-M-2308 HIGH-LET DOSE-RESPONSE CHARACTERISTICS DESCRIBED BY TRACK  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DOSEMETERS. CYANIDES, DOSE-RE- SPONSE RELATIONSHIPS, DYES, IONIZING RADIATIONS. LET. PARTICLE TRACKS by Katz and co- workers ascribes the effect of high-LET radiation to the highly inhomogeneous dose irradiation is used as a reference low-LET radiation, while high-LET radiation ranging from 16 MeV protons

107

Low Dose Radiation Exposure: Exploring Bystander Effects In Vivo.  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Exposure: Exploring Bystander Effects Exposure: Exploring Bystander Effects In Vivo. 1 Blyth, B.J., 1 Sykes, P.J. 1 Department of Haematology and Genetic Pathology, Flinders University and Medical Centre, Bedford Park, South Australia, 5042, The general population is daily exposed to chronic, low doses of ionizing radiation from both natural and artificial sources. The shape of the radiation dose-response curve at these low doses is currently linearly extrapolated from data obtained after high dose exposure due to the low sensitivity of traditional biological assays after near-background exposures. At odds with this Linear No-Threshold model, are the phenomena collectively referred to as the radiation-induced bystander effect. The bystander effect describes a collection of in vitro

108

Characterization of interim reference shales  

SciTech Connect

Measurements have been made on the chemical and physical properties of two oil shales designated as interim reference oil shales by the Department of Energy. One oil shale is a Green River Formation, Parachute Creek Member, Mahogany Zone Colorado oil shale from the Anvil Points mine and the other is a Clegg Creek Member, New Albany shale from Kentucky. Material balance Fischer assays, kerogen concentrates, carbon aromaticities, thermal properties, and bulk mineralogic properties have been determined for the oil shales. The measured properties of the interim reference shales are comparable to results obtained from previous studies on similar shales. The western interim reference shale has a low carbon aromaticity, high Fischer assay conversion to oil, and a dominant carbonate mineralogy. The eastern interim reference shale has a high carbon aromaticity, low Fischer assay conversion to oil, and a dominant silicate mineralogy. Chemical and physical properties, including ASTM distillations, have been determined for shale oils produced from the interim reference shales. The distillation data were used in conjunction with API correlations to calculate a large number of shale oil properties that are required for computer models such as ASPEN. The experimental determination of many of the shale oil properties was beyond the scope of this study. Therefore, direct comparison between calculated and measured values of many properties could not be made. However, molecular weights of the shale oils were measured. In this case, there was poor agreement between measured molecular weights and those calculated from API and other published correlations. 23 refs., 12 figs., 15 tabs.

Miknis, F.P.; Sullivan, S.; Mason, G.

1986-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Document Number Q0029500 References  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

References References 7.0 References 10 CFR 1021. U.S. Department of Energy, "National Environmental Policy Act Implementing Procedures," Code of Federal Regzilations, January 1,2003. 10 CFR 1022. U.S. Department of Energy, "Compliance with Floodplain/Wetlands Environmental Review Requirements," Code ofFederal Regulations, January 1,2003. 33 CFR 323. Corps of Engineers, Department of the Army, "Permits for Discharges of Dredged or Fill Material Into Waters of the United States," Code ofFederal Reglllations, July 1,2002. 40 CFR 192. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, "Health and Environmental Protection Standards for Uranium and Thorium Mill Tailings," Code of FederalReglrlations, July 1,2002. 40 CFR 230. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, "Section 404(b)(l) Guidelines for

110

Microsoft Word - references.doc  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

References May 2005 References May 2005 2004 Site Environmental Report R-1 References Facemire, D. F., S. I. Guttman, D. R. Osborne, and R. H. Sperger, 1990, "Biological and Ecological Site Characterization of the Feed Materials Production Center," FMPC-SUB 018, prepared for Westinghouse Materials Co. of Ohio, Cincinnati, OH. GeoSyntec, 1996, "Impacted Material Placement Plan, On-site Disposal Facility," 20100-PL-007, Revision 3, PCN 2, Prepared for the Fernald Environmental Management Project, DOE, Fernald Area Office, Cincinnati, OH, March. International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP), 1994a, "Human Respiratory Tract Model for Radiation Protection," ICRP Publication 66. International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP), 1994b, "Protection Against Radon-222

111

Chassis Dynamometer Testing Reference Document  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Chassis Dynamometer Testing Chassis Dynamometer Testing Reference Document Downloadable Dynamometer Database www.transportation.anl.gov/D3/ Argonne, IL July, 2013 Henning Lohse-Busch, Ph.D. Kevin Stutenberg, Mike Duoba, Eric Rask, Forrest Jehlik and Glenn Keller Advanced Powertrain Research Facility Overview  This is a reference document explaining the facility and processes used to generate the data available from Argonne National Laboratory's (ANL) Downloadable Dynamometer Database (D 3 ).  Content - Advanced Powertrain Research Facility (APRF) - Chassis Dynamometer Testing Basics - Overview of Classic Drive Cycles - Test Condition and Test Sequences - Data Acquisition System and General Instrumentation Overview

112

Absorbed Gamma?Ray Doses due to Natural Radionuclides in Building Materials  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This work is devoted to the application of high?resolution gamma?ray spectrometry in the study of the effective dose coming from naturally occurring radionuclides namely 40 K 232 Th and 238 U present in building materials such as sand cement and granitic gravel. Four models were applied to estimate the effective dose and the hazard indices. The maximum estimated effective dose coming from the three reference rooms considered is 0.90(45) mSv/yr and maximum internal hazard index is 0.77(24) both for the compact clay brick reference room. The principal gamma radiation sources are cement sand and bricks.

Vitor A. P. Aguiar; Nilberto H. Medina; Ramon H. Moreira; Marcilei A. G. Silveira

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Absorbed Gamma-Ray Doses due to Natural Radionuclides in Building Materials  

SciTech Connect

This work is devoted to the application of high-resolution gamma-ray spectrometry in the study of the effective dose coming from naturally occurring radionuclides, namely {sup 40}K, {sup 232}Th and {sup 238}U, present in building materials such as sand, cement, and granitic gravel. Four models were applied to estimate the effective dose and the hazard indices. The maximum estimated effective dose coming from the three reference rooms considered is 0.90(45) mSv/yr, and maximum internal hazard index is 0.77(24), both for the compact clay brick reference room. The principal gamma radiation sources are cement, sand and bricks.

Aguiar, Vitor A. P.; Medina, Nilberto H. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade de Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Moreira, Ramon H.; Silveira, Marcilei A. G. [Departamento de Fisica, Centro Universitario da FEI, Sao Bernardo do Campo, SP (Brazil)

2010-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

114

Low Dose Radiation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ancient Salt Beds Ancient Salt Beds Repository Science Renewable Energy The WIPP Underground may be ideal to study effects of Very Low Dose Rates on Biological Systems Low Background Radiation Experiment We're all bathing in it. It's in the food we eat, the water we drink, the soil we tread and even the air we breathe. It's background radiation, it's everywhere and we can't get away from it. But what would happen if you somehow "pulled the plug" on natural background radiation? Would organisms suffer or thrive if they grew up without their constant exposure to background radiation? That's what a consortium of scientists conducting an experiment at the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant aim to find out. Despite being an underground repository for transuranic radioactive waste,

115

Standardized radiological dose evaluations  

SciTech Connect

Following the end of the Cold War, the mission of Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site changed from production of nuclear weapons to cleanup. Authorization baseis documents for the facilities, primarily the Final Safety Analysis Reports, are being replaced with new ones in which accident scenarios are sorted into coarse bins of consequence and frequency, similar to the approach of DOE-STD-3011-94. Because this binning does not require high precision, a standardized approach for radiological dose evaluations is taken for all the facilities at the site. This is done through a standard calculation ``template`` for use by all safety analysts preparing the new documents. This report describes this template and its use.

Peterson, V.L.; Stahlnecker, E.

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Polar Explorer References Raold Amundsen  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-15, 2003, 1 h 19 min. * National Geographic May 2009, concerning claims of Arctic Ocean oil and gasPolar Explorer References Raold Amundsen My Life as an Explorer, Raold Amundsen The Red Tent.L. Berens [This book includes other historic polar explorers] * National Geographic Jan. 2009 (2 articles

Fabrikant, Sara Irina

117

REFERENCE AND BACKGROUND CHECK PROCESS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

REFERENCE AND BACKGROUND CHECK PROCESS Workforce Planning | 408-924-2250 classcomp process. Workforce Planning will arrange this directly with the finalist(s) once the hiring manager has provided the finalist(s) name(s) to Workforce Planning. An exception to this process is for any candidates

Su, Xiao

118

Effective Scientific Posters Quick Reference  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Effective Scientific Posters Quick Reference George R. Hess An effective poster will help you. A poster is a visual communication tool. Posters serve as ... » a source of information » a conversation starter » a summary of your work » an advertisement of your work Resources for Poster Presenters George

Movileanu, Liviu

119

Clean Cities: Clean Cities Reference Materials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Reference Materials to Reference Materials to someone by E-mail Share Clean Cities: Clean Cities Reference Materials on Facebook Tweet about Clean Cities: Clean Cities Reference Materials on Twitter Bookmark Clean Cities: Clean Cities Reference Materials on Google Bookmark Clean Cities: Clean Cities Reference Materials on Delicious Rank Clean Cities: Clean Cities Reference Materials on Digg Find More places to share Clean Cities: Clean Cities Reference Materials on AddThis.com... Coordinator Basics Clean Cities Program Structure Reference Materials Technical Support Fundraising Redesignation Outreach Education & Webinars Meetings Reporting Contacts Clean Cities Reference Materials Use these reference materials-including quick-reference documents, publications, websites, and the Clean Cities Coalition Wiki-to develop

120

Building Technologies Office: Commercial Reference Buildings  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Commercial Reference Commercial Reference Buildings to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Commercial Reference Buildings on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Commercial Reference Buildings on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Commercial Reference Buildings on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Commercial Reference Buildings on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Commercial Reference Buildings on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Commercial Reference Buildings on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Activities 179d Tax Calculator Advanced Energy Design Guides Advanced Energy Retrofit Guides Building Energy Data Exchange Specification Buildings Performance Database Data Centers Energy Asset Score

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rfd reference dose" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

DOE Commercial Reference Buildings | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Buildings DOE Commercial Reference Buildings DOE Commercial Reference Buildings refbldgseuitables1-47-0.pdf More Documents & Publications Energy Information Agency's 2003...

122

NETL: Reference Shelf - Techline Archive  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NETL Oil & Natural Gas Technologies Reference Shelf NETL Oil & Natural Gas Technologies Reference Shelf Archive Reports 2012: December, 2012 Final Project Report DE-NT0006554 GIS- and Web-based Water Resource Geospatial Infrastructure for Oil Shale Development [PDF-14.6MB] November, 2012 Final Project Report 08121-2902-02 Technologies of the Future for Pipeline Monitoring and Inspection [PDF-2.47MB] November, 2012 Final Project Report 07122-22 Petrophysical Studies of Unconventional Gas Reservoirs Using High-resolution Rock Imaging [PDF-27.7MB] November, 2012 Final Project Report 08122-35 The Environmentally Friendly Drilling Systems Program [PDF-4.33] October, 2012 Final Project Report DE-FE0003537 Next Generation Surfactants for Improved Chemical Flooding Technology [PDF-1.91MB] October, 2012 Final Project Report 08123-02 Field Demonstration of Alkaline Surfactant Polymer Floods in Mature Oil Reservoirs Brookshire Dome, Texas [PDF-5.06MB]

123

Low Dose Radiation Program: 2010 Low Dose Radiation Research Program  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Low Dose Radiation Research Program Investigators' Workshop Low Dose Radiation Research Program Investigators' Workshop »» Event Slide Show More than 150 people attended this year's workshop, held April 12-14 at the Renaissance M Street Hotel in Washington, D.C. In addition to 34 plenary talks and more than 70 poster presentations made by the program investigators, participants heard guest speakers from the National Cancer Institute and from sister low-dose programs in Europe and Japan. Remarks from DOE Dr. Anna Palmisano, Associate Director, Office of Science, Director for Biological and Environmental Research (BER), welcomed the meeting participants, thanked Low Dose Radiation Research Program Manager Dr. Noelle Metting for her leadership, and acknowledged the importance of the Low Dose Program to DOE because of its unique focus and important role. She

124

The Consumption of Reference Resources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Under the operational restriction of the U(1)-superselection rule, states that contain coherences between eigenstates of particle number constitute a resource. Such resources can be used to facilitate operations upon systems that otherwise cannot be performed. However, the process of doing this consumes reference resources. We show this explicitly for an example of a unitary operation that is forbidden by the U(1)-superselection rule.

G. A. White; J. A. Vaccaro; H. M. Wiseman

2008-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

125

International Energy Outlook - Chapter References  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Chapter References Chapter References International Energy Outlook 2004 Chapter References World Energy and Economic Outlook 1. D.F. Barnes et al., “Tackling the Rural Energy Problem in Developing Countries,” Finance & Development, Vol. 34, No. 2 (June 1997), pp. 11-15. 2. A. Kirby, “Russia’s Climate Tussle Spins On,” BBC News Online (December 4, 2003). 3. A.C. Revkin, “Into Thin Air: Kyoto Accord May Not Die (or Matter),” The New York Times (December 4, 2003), p. A6. 4. The White House, Office of the Press Secretary, “President Announces Clear Skies & Global Climate Change Initiatives” (Press Release, February 14, 2002), web site www.whitehouse.gov/news/ releases/2002/02/20020214-5.html. 5. Energy Information Administration, Annual Energy Outlook 2004, DOE/EIA-0383(2004) (Washington, DC, January 2004); and Global Insight, Inc., World Overview (Lexington, MA, September 2003). India’s GDP growth rates were adjusted downward, based on the judgment of EIA analysts.

126

Microgrid cyber security reference architecture.  

SciTech Connect

This document describes a microgrid cyber security reference architecture. First, we present a high-level concept of operations for a microgrid, including operational modes, necessary power actors, and the communication protocols typically employed. We then describe our motivation for designing a secure microgrid; in particular, we provide general network and industrial control system (ICS)-speci c vulnerabilities, a threat model, information assurance compliance concerns, and design criteria for a microgrid control system network. Our design approach addresses these concerns by segmenting the microgrid control system network into enclaves, grouping enclaves into functional domains, and describing actor communication using data exchange attributes. We describe cyber actors that can help mitigate potential vulnerabilities, in addition to performance bene ts and vulnerability mitigation that may be realized using this reference architecture. To illustrate our design approach, we present a notional a microgrid control system network implementation, including types of communica- tion occurring on that network, example data exchange attributes for actors in the network, an example of how the network can be segmented to create enclaves and functional domains, and how cyber actors can be used to enforce network segmentation and provide the neces- sary level of security. Finally, we describe areas of focus for the further development of the reference architecture.

Veitch, Cynthia K.; Henry, Jordan M.; Richardson, Bryan T.; Hart, Derek H.

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

PATIENT DOSE FOR COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY EXAMINATION: DOSE REFERENCE LEVELS AND EFFECTIVE DOSES BASED ON A NATIONAL SURVEY OF 2013 IN KOREA  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Statistical Package for the Social Sciences, Chicago, USA) at a significance level of p = 0.05. In detail, Kruskal-Wallis test was used for statistical analysis for reliability study of CTDI value provided by CT equipment, and significance......

Moon Chan Kim; Dong Kyoon Han; Yoon Chul Nam; Yon Min Kim; Joon Yoon

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Subsurface Knowledge Reference Page | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Subsurface Knowledge Reference Page Subsurface Knowledge Reference Page Subsurface Knowledge Reference Page The below listing provides additional references related to Subsurface & Groundwater Remediation. The references are categorized by documents types (e.g., Strategic Plans, Groundwater Plume Map Booklets, etc.) and under each "document type", there is a list of documents and/or hyperlinks to a reference. The Subsurface Knowledge Reference Page will continue to reflect additional information as it is identified. Strategic Plans Scientific Opportunities to Reduce Risk in Groundwater and Soil Remediation Scientific Opportunities for Monitoring at Environmental Remediation Sites (SOMERS) Groundwater Plume Map Booklets Groundwater Contamination and Treatment at Department of Energy Sites -

129

New Robust References! | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

New Robust References! New Robust References! Home > Groups > OpenEI Community Central Jweers's picture Submitted by Jweers(83) Contributor 7 August, 2013 - 18:23 citation citing developer formatting reference Semantic Mediawiki wiki Check out the new Reference Form. Adding a reference object to OpenEI using this form is the most complete way to cite a reference. After providing the name of your reference, the form will ask for your document type. Depending on what you choose, it will ask for the information necessary to build the proper MLA citation for the reference. This citation is then available semantically as a property of the reference and can be embedded in other pages! The Cite template was developed to help with this. You can site a reference by including {{Cite|Asimov's Story|I,_Robot}}, where I,_Robot

130

CONSTRUCTION OF HYBRID CHINESE REFERENCE ADULT PHANTOMS AND ESTIMATION OF DOSE CONVERSION COEFFICIENTS FOR MUONS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......example, liver, lungs and kidneys. But, for digestive system, brain and some parts of the skeleton contain many complicated details...0 % Thyroid 20/17 21/17 1.04/1.04 5.0/0.0 % Brain 1460/1330 1524/1328 1.04/1.04 4.4/0.2 % Skin......

Liang Dong; Taosheng Li; Chunyu Liu

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Patient doses in CT examinations in Switzerland: implementation of national diagnostic reference levels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Obviously, a good communication between the medical staff and the auditors represents a necessary prerequisite. These audits had the...in 18 countries: initial results from International Atomic Energy Agency projects. Radiat. Prot. Dosim. (2009) 136:118-126......

R. Treier; A. Aroua; F. R. Verdun; E. Samara; A. Stuessi; Ph. R. Trueb

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

CONSTRUCTION OF HYBRID CHINESE REFERENCE ADULT PHANTOMS AND ESTIMATION OF DOSE CONVERSION COEFFICIENTS FOR MUONS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......example, liver, lungs and kidneys. But, for digestive system, brain and some parts of the skeleton contain many complicated details...0 % Thyroid 20/17 21/17 1.04/1.04 5.0/0.0 % Brain 1460/1330 1524/1328 1.04/1.04 4.4/0.2 % Skin......

Liang Dong; Taosheng Li; Chunyu Liu

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Reference electrode for electrolytic cell  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A reference electrode device is provided for a high temperature electrolytic cell used to electrolytically recover uranium from spent reactor fuel dissolved in an anode pool, the device having a glass tube to enclose the electrode and electrolyte and serve as a conductive membrane with the cell electrolyte, and an outer metal tube about the glass tube to serve as a shield and basket for any glass sections broken by handling of the tube to prevent their contact with the anode pool, the metal tube having perforations to provide access between the bulk of the cell electrolyte and glass membrane. 4 figs.

Kessie, R.W.

1988-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

134

PVWatts Version 1 Technical Reference  

SciTech Connect

The NREL PVWatts(TM) calculator is a web application developed by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) that estimates the electricity production of a grid-connected photovoltaic system based on a few simple inputs. PVWatts combines a number of sub-models to predict overall system performance, and makes several hidden assumptions about performance parameters. This technical reference details the individual sub-models, documents assumptions and hidden parameters, and explains the sequence of calculations that yield the final system performance estimation.

Dobos, A. P.

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Low Dose Radiation Research Program: Low-Dose Dose-Response of  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Low-Dose Dose-Response of Proliferating Human Cells Exposed to Low Low-Dose Dose-Response of Proliferating Human Cells Exposed to Low Dose Rate g-Radiation. Authors: Louise Enns,1 Michael Weinfeld,1 Albert Murtha,1 and Kenneth Bogen2 Institutions: 1Cross Cancer Institute and 2Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Clinical and environmental exposure to ionizing radiation rarely exceeds 200 cGy. To examine cell proliferation at early times (up to 5 days) post-irradiation, we are utilizing an assay in which single cells encapsulated within ~30- to 70-µm-diameter agarose gel microdrops (GMDs) are exposed and cultured for 4 days at 37°C, then analyzed by flow cytometry (FC). Clonogenic proliferation is measured as the fraction of occupied GMDs containing multicellular microcolonies after 4 days in culture. This assay was applied to human A549 lung cells exposed to gamma

136

Reference dosimetry during diagnostic CT examination using XR-QA radiochromic film model  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: The authors applied 2D reference dosimetry protocol for dose measurements using XR-QA radiochromic film model during diagnostic computed tomography (CT) examinations carried out on patients and humanoid Rando phantom. Methods: Response of XR-QA model GAFCHROMIC film reference dosimetry system was calibrated in terms of Air-Kerma in air. Four most commonly used CT protocols were selected on their CT scanner (GE Lightspeed VCT 64), covering three anatomical sites (head, chest, and abdomen). For each protocol, 25 patients ongoing planned diagnostic CT examination were recruited. Surface dose was measured using four or eight film strips taped on patients' skin and on Rando phantom. Film pieces were scanned prior to and after irradiation using Epson Expression 10000XL document scanner. Optical reflectance of the unexposed film piece was subtracted from exposed one to obtain final net reflectance change, which is subsequently converted to dose using previously established calibration curves. Results: The authors' measurements show that body skin dose variation has a sinusoidal pattern along the scanning axis due to the helical movement of the x-ray tube, and a comb pattern for head dose measurements due to its axial movement. Results show that the mean skin dose at anterior position for patients is (51 {+-} 6) mGy, (29 {+-} 11) mGy, (45 {+-} 13) mGy and (38 {+-} 20) mGy for head, abdomen, angio Abdomen, and chest and abdomen protocol (UP position), respectively. The obtained experimental dose length products (DLP) show higher values than CT based DLP taken from the scanner console for body protocols, but lower values for the head protocol. Internal dose measurements inside the phantom's head indicate nonuniformity of dose distribution within scanned volume. Conclusions: In this work, the authors applied an Air-Kerma in air based radiochromic film reference dosimetry protocol for in vivo skin dose measurements. In this work, they employed green channel extracted from the scanned RGB image for dose measurements in the range from 0 to 200 mGy. Measured skin doses and corresponding DLPs were higher than DLPs provided by the CT scanner manufacturer as they were measured on patients' skin.

Boivin, Jonathan; Tomic, Nada; Fadlallah, Bassam; DeBlois, Francois; Devic, Slobodan [Institut de Genie Biomedical, Universite de Montreal, Montreal, Quebec H3C 3J7 (Canada); Medical Physics Unit, McGill University, Montral, Quebec H3G 1A4, Canada and Department of Radiation Oncology, SMBD Jewish General Hospital, McGill University, 3755 chemin de la Cote-Sainte-Catherine, Montreal, Quebec H3T 1E2 (Canada); Department of Biomedical Engineering, SMBD Jewish General Hospital, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec H3T 1E2 (Canada); Medical Physics Unit, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec H3G 1A4, Canada and Department of Radiation Oncology, SMBD Jewish General Hospital, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec H3T 1E2 (Canada)

2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

137

Evaluation of the Linear-Nonthreshold Dose-Response Model  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements MD: NCRP (2001) 287 pp, $50.00 Lively debate continues on the nature of the dose-response relationship for the excess risk of cancer following exposure to ionising radiation at low doses and/or low dose rates. Clearly, these are the exposure conditions of principal importance to radiological protection. Presently, for the purposes of radiological protection, the assumption is made that the underlying dose-response relationship is linear-quadratic with no threshold, and that in the low dose and/or low dose rate region this curve can be approximated by a straight line with a gradient half that of the linear relationship which (for cancers other than leukaemia) is appropriate for moderate to high doses received at high dose rates. This, in essence, is the `linear-nonthreshold (LNT) dose-response model' referred to in the title of NCRP Report No 136. The debate centres on whether this model is appropriate or not; but it is complicated by the marked polarisation of those that disagree with this model and with the vehemence that characterises the debate. At one extreme are those who argue for a supra-linear dose-response and claim that the assumption of linearity seriously underestimates the risks to health of low dose exposures. At the other extreme are those who argue for a threshold in the dose-response at some non-zero dose, or even for beneficial effects of irradiation at low doses (`radiation hormesis'). Understandably, the former viewpoint tends to be held by anti-nuclear activists whereas the latter tends to be adopted by pro-nuclear pressure groups, and this political backdrop does not assist a balanced discussion of this important issue. In the USA, considerable lobbying exists from the threshold/hormesis camp, and this can also be seen in France and Japan. Unfortunately, although there are reasonable scientific points to be made in favour of mechanisms that ameliorate the effects of radiation at low doses, the attitude struck by some in this camp is that support of the `LNT hypothesis' is quite unreasonable and flies in the face of the evidence. Obviously, this point of view brings into question the motivation of those who support the position presently adopted by, for example, the International Commission on Radiological Protection, and leads to acrimonious and unconstructive discussions. The same is true of the other extreme wing, where radiological protection is viewed as being disturbingly lax as a result of pressure being brought to bear by the `military-industrial complex', with scientists being complicit in this conspiracy. It is into this storm that NCRP has bravely marched in publishing its Report No 136. The re-evaluation of the scientific evidence reported in NCRP Report No 136 was carried out by Scientific Committee 1-6 of the NCRP which was charged to `reassess the weight of scientific evidence for and against the linear-nonthreshold dose-response model, without reference to associated policy implications'. In essence, the linear-nonthreshold dose-response model is based upon the assumption that biological damage which, if unrepaired, could lead to cancer is directly proportional to dose throughout the range of dose and dose rates of importance in routine radiological protection. Not only did NCRP Scientific Committee 1-6 deliberate amongst themselves, but the committee sought and obtained written and oral opinion from several scientists in the USA who held different views on the subject. The report begins by examining the way in which radiation energy is deposited in cells. It concludes that at low doses and low dose rates the relevant biological damage would be produced by a `single hit' because of the spatial and temporal sparseness of the events causing the damage. Since cancer is considered to be monoclonal (single cell) in origin, this suggests that the dose-response is linear at low doses with no threshold. However, it is possible that the whole organism may be more capable of repairing damage at low doses and low dose rates, which would m

138

NETL: Gasification Systems Reference Shelf  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Shelf Shelf Gasification Systems Reference Shelf TABLE OF CONTENTS Brochures Conferences and Workshops Gasification Systems Projects National Map Gasification Systems Projects and Performers Gasification Systems Project Portfolio Gasifipedia Multi-phase Flow with Interphase eXchange (MFIX) Patents Program Presentations Project Information Projects Summary Table by State Solicitations Systems and Industry Analyses Studies Technical Presentations & Papers Technology Readiness Assessment (Comprehensive Report | Overview Report) Video, Images & Photos Gasification Plant Databases CD Icon Request Gasification Technologies Information on a CD. Gasification RSS Feed Subscribe to the Gasification RSS Feed to follow website updates. LinkedIn DOE Gasification Program Group Subscribe to the LinkedIn DOE Gasification Program group for more information and discussion.

139

Patient dosimetry and a novel approach to establishing Diagnostic Reference Levels in dental radiology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Diagnostic Reference Levels provide a method of ensuring that patient doses in medical procedures are kept at acceptable levels. Their application in dentistry can provide an indication of current dose levels and can assist in potentially significant dose reduction in Ireland given the number of patients screened annually. This study involved retrospective analyses of entrance surface dose and dose-width-product measurements obtained in Irish Dental Practices for both Intra-Oral and Panoramic units respectively, followed by comparisons with Monte-Carlo generated computer models of these procedures. Analysis was performed on data from 33 Intra-Oral units for an Adult Mandibular Molar entrance surface dose, 198 readings for a proposed mGy/mAs reference level and 50 Panoramic machines for a dose-width product investigation. The third quartile value of the entrance surface dose for a standard Adult Mandibular Molar Intra-Oral radiograph is (2.400.92)mGy, compared to a computer-modelled value of 2.60mGy. The third quartile mGy/mAs value for Intra-Oral procedures is (1.030.38)mGy/mAs, compared to a computer-modelled value of 0.75 mGy/mAs. The third quartile dose width product for an Adult Panoramic radiograph is (59.8920.97)mGymm, compared to a computer-modeled value of 62.40mGymm. It is proposed to introduce Diagnostic Reference Levels of 2.4mGy for an Adult Mandibular Molar Intra-Oral radiograph and 60mGymm for an Adult Panoramic radiograph. The use of a new reference quantity in Intra-Oral radiology is also suggested. This has a value of 1 mGy/mAs and may be introduced alongside established procedures. These levels can be taken as guides to acceptable doses, but it should be noted that further reductions are practical under ALARA principles.

Christopher Walker; Wil van der Putten

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

National Environmental Information Infrastructure Reference Architecture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

National Environmental Information Infrastructure Reference Architecture Consultation Draft Environmental Information Infrastructure Reference Architecture: Consultation Draft Environmental Information Contributing to the Australian Government National Plan for Environmental Information initiative #12;National

Greenslade, Diana

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141

Functional Area Qualification Standard Reference Guides  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The reference guides have been developed to address the competency statements in DOE Functional Area Qualification Standard.

142

Appendix E References | National Nuclear Security Administration  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

E References | National Nuclear Security Administration People Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing...

143

Generic Argillite/Shale Disposal Reference Case  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of eastern Devonian gas shale: Society of PetroleumShale Disposal Reference Case August 2014 Borehole activity: Oil and gas

Zheng, Liange

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Analysis of the NAEG model of transuranic radionuclide transport and dose  

SciTech Connect

We analyze the model for estimating the dose from /sup 239/Pu developed for the Nevada Applied Ecology Group (NAEG) by using sensitivity analysis and uncertainty analysis. Sensitivity analysis results suggest that the air pathway is the critical pathway for the organs receiving the highest dose. Soil concentration and the factors controlling air concentration are the most important parameters. The only organ whose dose is sensitive to parameters in the ingestion pathway is the GI tract. The air pathway accounts for 100% of the dose to lung, upper respiratory tract, and thoracic lymph nodes; and 95% of its dose via ingestion. Leafy vegetable ingestion accounts for 70% of the dose from the ingestion pathway regardless of organ, peeled vegetables 20%; accidental soil ingestion 5%; ingestion of beef liver 4%; beef muscle 1%. Only a handful of model parameters control the dose for any one organ. The number of important parameters is usually less than 10. Uncertainty analysis indicates that choosing a uniform distribution for the input parameters produces a lognormal distribution of the dose. The ratio of the square root of the variance to the mean is three times greater for the doses than it is for the individual parameters. As found by the sensitivity analysis, the uncertainty analysis suggests that only a few parameters control the dose for each organ. All organs have similar distributions and variance to mean ratios except for the lymph modes. 16 references, 9 figures, 13 tables.

Kercher, J.R.; Anspaugh, L.R.

1984-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

EMP Attachment 3 DOE-SC PNNL Site Dose Assessment Guidance  

SciTech Connect

This Dose Assessment Guidance (DAG) describes methods to use to determine the Maximally-Exposed Individual (MEI) location and to estimate dose impact to that individual under the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science (DOE-SC) Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) Site Environmental Monitoring Plan (EMP). This guidance applies to public dose from radioactive material releases to the air from PNNL Site operations. This document is an attachment to the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) Environmental Monitoring Plan (EMP) and describes dose assessment guidance for radiological air emissions. The impact of radiological air emissions from the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science (DOE-SC) PNNL Site is indicated by dose estimates to a maximally exposed member of the public, referred to as the maximally exposed individual (MEI). Reporting requirements associated with dose to members of the public from radiological air emissions are in 40 CFR Part 61.94, WAC 246-247-080, and DOE Order 458.1. The DOE Order and state standards for dose from radioactive air emissions are consistent with U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) dose standards in 40 CFR 61.92 (i.e., 10 mrem/yr to a MEI). Despite the fact that the current Contract Requirements Document (CRD) for the DOE-SC PNNL Site operations does not include the requirement to meet DOE CRD 458.1, paragraph 2.b, public dose limits, the DOE dose limits would be met when EPA limits are met.

Snyder, Sandra F.

2011-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

146

Commercial Reference Buildings | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Commercial Reference Buildings Jump to: navigation, search DOE developed Commercial Reference Buildings which provide descriptions for whole building analysis using EnergyPlus. There are 16 building types and three categories that apply to all building types. The commercial reference buildings were developed across 16 reference locations. Contents 1 Building Types 2 Construction Categories 3 Climate Zones Used to Create Reference Buildings 4 References Building Types DOE developed 16 Commercial Reference Building Types[1] , which represent approximately 70% of the commercial buildings in the U.S. [2]. Whole

147

Template:Reference | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Template Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Template:Reference Jump to: navigation, search This is the Reference template. To define/cite a new reference using CSE citation format, please use the Reference form. Parameters Name - The name or title of the reference material Document_type - The type of reference material (allowable values) InfographicType - The type of infographic if Info Grahpic/Map/Chart is the selected Document_type ThesisDissertation - Determines thesis or dissertation (Thesis/Dissertation) Authors - Comma delimited list of people who authored the reference material (required for Books, Conference Papers and Proceedings, Journal

148

Form:Reference | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Form Form Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Form:Reference Jump to: navigation, search Input the title of a Reference below. If the reference already exists, you will be able to edit its information. Add/Edit Reference The text entered into this field will be used as the name of the reference; for example, the title of a book or name of the journal article. Example references Claritas Rise, Mars- Pre-Tharsis Magmatism? An Improved Equilibrium-Kinetics Speciation Algorithm For Redox Reactions In Variably Saturated Subsurface Flow Systems True-Temperature Determination Of Geothermal Reservoirs ... further results This form and reference requirements are based on the Council of Science Editors (CSE) (author-date) citation style. For more details about this

149

7 - Estimation of Radiation Doses  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Radiation doses to the Japanese population from inhalation of contaminated air, external irradiation, terrestrial and marine food contamination are estimated and compared with other sources of anthropogenic (global fallout, Chernobyl accident), natural (radionuclides in food, cosmic radiation) and medical applications (X-ray tests, CT-tests, etc.) of ionizing radiation. The estimated doses from inhalation, ingestion of terrestrial and marine food, and radiation exposure from radioactive clouds and deposited radionuclides were generally below the levels which could cause health damage of the Japanese population, as well as of the world population. The estimated total radiation doses to fish and shellfish in coastal waters during the largest radionuclide releases were by a factor of 10 lower than the baseline safe level postulated for the marine organisms, therefore no harmful effects are expected for the marine ecosystem as well.

Pavel P. Povinec; Katsumi Hirose; Michio Aoyama

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Patient radiation dose audits for fluoroscopically guided interventional procedures  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Quality management for any use of medical x-ray imaging should include monitoring of radiation dose. Fluoroscopically guided interventional (FGI) procedures are inherently clinically variable and have the potential for inducing deterministic injuries in patients. The use of a conventional diagnostic reference level is not appropriate for FGI procedures. A similar but more detailed quality process for management of radiation dose in FGI procedures is described. Methods: A method that takes into account both the inherent variability of FGI procedures and the risk of deterministic injuries from these procedures is suggested. The substantial radiation dose level (SRDL) is an absolute action level (with regard to patient follow-up) below which skin injury is highly unlikely and above which skin injury is possible. The quality process for FGI procedures collects data from all instances of a given procedure from a number of facilities into an advisory data set (ADS). An individual facility collects a facility data set (FDS) comprised of all instances of the same procedure at that facility. The individual FDS is then compared to the multifacility ADS with regard to the overall shape of the dose distributions and the percent of instances in both the ADS and the FDS that exceed the SRDL. Results: Samples of an ADS and FDS for percutaneous coronary intervention, using the dose metric of reference air kerma (K{sub a,r}) (i.e., the cumulative air kerma at the reference point), are used to illustrate the proposed quality process for FGI procedures. Investigation is warranted whenever the FDS is noticeably different from the ADS for the specific FGI procedure and particularly in two circumstances: (1) When the facility's local median K{sub a,r} exceeds the 75th percentile of the ADS and (2) when the percent of instances where K{sub a,r} exceeds the facility-selected SRDL is greater for the FDS than for the ADS. Conclusions: Analysis of the two data sets (ADS and FDS) and of the percent of instances that exceed the SRDL provides a means for the facility to better manage radiation dose (and therefore both deterministic and stochastic radiation risk) to the patient during FGI procedures.

Balter, Stephen; Rosenstein, Marvin; Miller, Donald L.; Schueler, Beth; Spelic, David [Department of Radiology and Department of Medicine, Columbia University, New York, New York 10032 (United States); Clarksburg, Maryland 20871 (United States); Department of Radiology, F. Edward Hebert School of Medicine, Uniformed Services University, Bethesda, Maryland 20814 (United States); Department of Radiology, Mayo Clinic and Foundation, Rochester, Minnesota 55905 (United States); Division of Mammography Quality and Radiation Programs, Food and Drug Administration, 10903 New Hampshire Avenue, Silver Spring, Maryland 20903 (United States)

2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

151

References R-3 Adams, S. M., C. C. Brandt, S. W. Christensen, D. S. Cicerone, M. S. Greeley, Jr., W. R. Hill, M. S.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-Rate Conversion Factors for Calculation of Dose to the Public, DOE/EH-0070. U.S. Department of Energy, Washington, D.C. #12;Oak Ridge Reservation R-4 References DOE 1988b. Internal Dose Conversion Factors 2000a. 2000 Remediation Effectiveness Report for the U.S. Department of Energy Oak Ridge Reservation

Pennycook, Steve

152

Bioassay and dose measurement in UV disinfection.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...reactors. Bioassay and dose measurement in UV disinfection...determined as a function of UV dose to prepare a standard...Sewage Spores, Bacterial radiation effects Sterilization...Microbiology Bioassay and Dose Measurement in UV Disinfection...meth- ods of UV dose estimation used in previous studies...

R G Qualls; J D Johnson

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Internal Dose Magnitude Estimation Using Annual Limits on Intake (ALI) Comparisons  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Internal and External Dose Estimation (initial version: 08/2008, current version: 07/2013) Internal and External Dose Estimation (initial version: 08/2008, current version: 07/2013) Rapid Internal and External Dose Magnitude Estimation The Radiation Emergency Assistance Center/Training Site REAC/TS PO Box 117, MS-39 Oak Ridge, TN 37831 (865)576-3131 www.orise.orau.gov/reacts prepared by: Stephen L. (Steve) Sugarman, MS, CHP, CHCM Health Physics Project Manager Cytogenetic Biodosimetry Laboratory Coordinator Early Internal and External Dose Estimation (initial version: 08/2008, current version: 07/2013) Internal Dose Magnitude Estimation Using Annual Limits on Intake (ALI) Comparisons and Derived Reference Levels (DRLs) Assessing the radiological condition of injured personnel is an important part of the health physicist's job, although hopefully, one that is not done very often. There are many things to be

154

Low Dose Radiation Research Program: Glossary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Glossary Glossary A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z We welcome updates to the glossary. Please send them to Low Dose. A α=β Ratio: A measure of the curvature of the cell survival curve and a measure of the sensitivity of a tissue or tumor to dose fractionation. The dose at which the linear and quadratic components of cell killing are equal. Abscopal Effect: The radiation response in tissue at a distance from the irradiated site invoked by local irradiation. Absorbed Dose Rate: Absorbed dose divided by the time it takes to deliver that dose. High dose rates are usually more damaging to humans and animals than low-dose rates. This is because repair of damage is more efficient when the dose rate is low. Absorbed Dose: The amount of energy deposited in any substance by ionizing

155

RADIATION DOSE FROM CIGARETTE TOBACCO  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The radioactivity in tobacco leaves collected from 15 different regions of Greece before cigarette production was studied in order to estimate the effective dose from cigarette tobacco due to the naturally occurring primordial radionuclides such as 226 Ra and 210 Pb of the uranium series and 228 Ra of the thorium series and/or man?made produced radionuclides such as 137 Cs of Chernobyl origin. Gamma?ray spectrometry was applied using Ge planar and coaxial type detectors of high resolution and high efficiency. It was concluded that the annual effective dose due to inhalation for adults (smokers) for 226 Ra varied from 42.5 to 178.6?? Sv ? y ?1 (average 79.7?? Sv ? y ?1 ) while for 228 Ra from 19.3 to 116.0?? Sv ? y ?1 (average 67.1?? Sv ? y ?1 ) and for 210 Pb from 47.0 to 134.9?? Sv ? y ?1 (average 104.7?? Sv ? y ?1 ) that is the same order of magnitude for each radionuclide. The sum of the effective dose of the three natural radionuclides varied from 151.9 to 401.3?? Sv ? y ?1 (average 251.5?? Sv ? y ?1 ). The annual effective dose from 137 Cs of Chernobyl origin was three orders of magnitude lower as it varied from 70.4 to 410.4? nSv ? y ?1 (average 199.3? nSv ? y ?1 ).

C. Papastefanou

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Commercial Reference Buildings | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Buildings » Research Projects » Commercial Reference Buildings » Research Projects » Commercial Reference Buildings Commercial Reference Buildings The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), in conjunction with three of its national laboratories, developed commercial reference buildings, formerly known as commercial building benchmark models. These reference buildings play a critical role in the program's energy modeling software research by providing complete descriptions for whole building energy analysis using EnergyPlus simulation software. There are 16 building types that represent approximately 70% of the commercial buildings in the U.S., according to the report published by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory titled U.S. Department of Energy Commercial Reference Building Models of the National Building Stock. These

157

Existing Commercial Reference Buildings Constructed Before 1980 |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Existing Commercial Reference Buildings Constructed Before 1980 Existing Commercial Reference Buildings Constructed Before 1980 Existing Commercial Reference Buildings Constructed Before 1980 The files on this page contain commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed before 1980, organized by building type and location. These U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) reference buildings are complete descriptions for whole building energy analysis. You can also return to a summary of building types and climate zones and information about other building vintages. These files are updated regularly. There are two versions of these files on this page. Version 1.3_5.0 was updated September 27, 2010 and Version 1.4_7.2 was updated November 13, 2012. You can also view related resources: an archive of past reference buildings files

158

EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Emergency Emergency Management Qualification Standard Reference Guide JUNE 2009 Table of Contents i LIST OF FIGURES ...................................................................................................................... ii LIST OF TABLES ........................................................................................................................ ii ACRONYMS .................................................................................................................................. i PURPOSE...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ...........................................................................................................................................

159

FACILITY MAINTENANCE MANAGEMENT QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Facility Facility Maintenance Management Qualification Standard Reference Guide NOVEMBER 2009 Table of Contents i FIGURES...................................................................................................................................... iv TABLES........................................................................................................................................ iv ACRONYMS ................................................................................................................................. v PURPOSE...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ...........................................................................................................................................

160

ENVIRONMENTAL COMPLIANCE QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Environmental Environmental Compliance Qualification Standard Reference Guide DECEMBER 2011 Table of Contents i LIST OF FIGURES ..................................................................................................................... iii LIST OF TABLES ....................................................................................................................... iii ACRONYMS ................................................................................................................................ iv PURPOSE ...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ........................................................................................................................................... 1

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rfd reference dose" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
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161

ENVIRONMENTAL RESTORATION QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Restoration Qualification Standard Reference Guide NOVEMBER 2009 i Table of Contents i FIGURES...................................................................................................................................... iv TABLES........................................................................................................................................ iv ACRONYMS ................................................................................................................................. v PURPOSE...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ...........................................................................................................................................

162

CRITICALITY SAFETY QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Criticality Criticality Safety Qualification Standard Reference Guide APRIL 2011 This page is intentionally blank. Table of Contents i FIGURES ...................................................................................................................................... iii PURPOSE ...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ........................................................................................................................................... 1 PREFACE ...................................................................................................................................... 1 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ......................................................................................................... 2

163

FAQS Reference Guide Safeguards and Security  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the May 2009 edition of DOE-STD-1171-2009, Safeguards and Security Functional Area Qualification Standard.

164

FAQS Reference Guide Technical Program Manager  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the February 2004 edition of DOE-STD-1178-2004, Technical Program Manager Functional Area Qualification Standard.

165

FAQS Reference Guide NNSA Package Certification Engineer  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the February 2009 edition of DOE-STD-1026-2009, NNSA Package Certification Engineer Functional Area Qualification Standard.

166

FAQS Reference Guide General Technical Base  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the December 2007 edition of DOE-STD-1146-2007, General Technical Base Functional Area Qualification Standard.

167

FAQS Reference Guide Facility Maintenance Management  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the April 2014 edition of DOE Standard DOE-STD-1181-2014, Facility Maintenance Management Functional Area Qualification Standard.

168

FAQS Reference Guide Transportation and Traffic Management  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the September 2002 edition of DOE-STD-1155-2002, Transportation and Traffic Functional Area Qualification Standard.

169

Recycling in America: A Reference Handbook  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and academic libraries, the handbook presents a nontechnicalRecycling in America: A Reference Handbook Patricia Murphy Handbook (Contemporary World Issues

Murphy, Patricia

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

FAQS Reference Guide Weapon Quality Assurance  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the August 2008 edition of DOE-STD-1025-2008, Weapon Quality Assurance Functional Area Qualification Standard.

171

Sandia National Laboratories: Reference Model Project  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

is a partnered effort to develop marine hydrokinetic (MHK) reference models (RMs) for wave energy converters and tidal, ocean, and river current energy converters. The RMP team...

172

EXTRAPOLATING RADIATION-INDUCED CANCER RISKS FROM LOW DOSES TO VERY LOW DOSES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Brenner* Abstract--There is strong evidence that ionizing radiation increases cancer risks at high doses. There exists a range of high radiation doses which demonstra- bly increase cancer risks, and a lower dose rangePaper EXTRAPOLATING RADIATION-INDUCED CANCER RISKS FROM LOW DOSES TO VERY LOW DOSES David J

Brenner, David Jonathan

173

FUNDAMENTALS OF ENGINEERING SUPPLIED-REFERENCE HANDBOOK  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FUNDAMENTALS OF ENGINEERING SUPPLIED-REFERENCE HANDBOOK National Council of Examiners-1-932613-37-7 Printed in the United States of America April 2010 Revised #12;PREFACE The Fundamentals of Engineering (FE NQRZOHGJH FRYHULQJ WKH UHPDLQGHU RI UHTXLUHG GHJUHH FRXUVHZRUN The FE Supplied-Reference Handbook LV WKH RQO

Ahmad, Sajjad

174

Milli-Q Reference Water Purification System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Milli-Q® Reference Water Purification System The reference for ultrapure water systems EMD the requirements of the most demanding norms. We've achieved all this with a new purification strategy. Water. This water is sent through a small recirculation loop to the POD pak, where a final purification step

Woodall, Jerry M.

175

User Manual Milli-Q Reference System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is intended for use with a Milli-Q® Reference Water Purification System. This User Manual is a guide for use during the installation, normal operation and maintenance of a Milli-Q Reference Water Purification before attempting installation, normal operation or maintenance of the Water Purification System

Woodall, Jerry M.

176

TEMPLATE-BASED HIRE QUICK REFERENCE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

above, contact the HR Help Desk at 220-5932. Other Job Aids and Quick Reference Guides (QRG) Refer to the following job aids and QRGs on the HR website under Administrators --> Tools and Resources for extra help the Template-Based Hire for approval. If you need help with editing your Template-Based Hire or with the steps

Calgary, University of

177

Archived Reference Building Type: Medium office  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed before 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary ofbuilding types and climate zonesis available for reference.Current versionsare also available.

178

Archived Reference Building Type: Medium office  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed in or after 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

179

Archived Reference Climate Zone: 7 Duluth, Minnesota  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed before 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary ofbuilding types and climate zonesis available for reference.Current versionsare also available.

180

Archived Reference Climate Zone: 8 Fairbanks, Alaska  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed before 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary ofbuilding types and climate zonesis available for reference.Current versionsare also available.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rfd reference dose" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Archived Reference Climate Zone: 7 Duluth, Minnesota  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed in or after 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

182

Archived Reference Climate Zone: 8 Fairbanks, Alaska  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed in or after 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

183

Archived Reference Building Type: Midrise Apartment  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed in or after 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

184

Archived Reference Building Type: Midrise Apartment  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed before 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary ofbuilding types and climate zonesis available for reference.Current versionsare also available.

185

Archived Reference Building Type: Outpatient health care  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed in or after 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

186

Archived Reference Building Type: Outpatient health care  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed before 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary ofbuilding types and climate zonesis available for reference.Current versionsare also available.

187

Variability viewpoint to describe reference architectures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Reference architectures have emerged as a special type of software architecture that achieves well-recognized understanding of specific domains. Their purpose is therefore to be a guidance for the development, standardization, and evolution of systems ... Keywords: architecture description, reference architecture, variability

Milena Guessi; Flavio Oquendo; Elisa Yumi Nakagawa

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Radiation Leukaemongenesis at Low Doses  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Leukaemongenesis at Low Doses Leukaemongenesis at Low Doses Simon Bouffler Health Protection Agency Abstract Myeloid leukaemias feature prominently among the cancers associated with human exposures to ionising radiation. The CBA mouse model of radiation-induced acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) has been used extensively for both quantitative and mechanistic studies. Loss of genetic material from chromosome 2 (chr2) is known to be associated with most radiation-induced AMLs. AML develops in CBA mice exposed to X- or γ-radiation, after a mean latency period of 18 months, with a maximal incidence of approximately 25% at 3Gy. A strong candidate AML-suppressor gene located within the commonly deleted region of chr2 has been identified, Sƒpil/PU.1. This gene suffers hemizygous loss and specific

189

Radiation dose from cigarette tobacco  

SciTech Connect

The radioactivity in tobacco leaves collected from 15 different regions of Greece before cigarette production was studied in order to estimate the effective dose from cigarette tobacco due to the naturally occurring primordial radionuclides, such as {sup 226}Ra and {sup 210}Pb of the uranium series and {sup 228}Ra of the thorium series and/or man-made produced radionuclides, such as {sup 137}Cs of Chernobyl origin. Gamma-ray spectrometry was applied using Ge planar and coaxial type detectors of high resolution and high efficiency. It was concluded that the annual effective dose due to inhalation for adults (smokers) for {sup 226}Ra varied from 42.5 to 178.6 {mu}Sv y{sup -1} (average 79.7 {mu}Sv y{sup -1}), while for {sup 228}Ra from 19.3 to 116.0 {mu}Sv y{sup -1} (average 67.1 {mu}Sv y{sup -1}) and for {sup 210}Pb from 47.0 to 134.9 {mu}Sv y{sup -1} (average 104.7 {mu}Sv y{sup -1}), that is the same order of magnitude for each radionuclide. The sum of the effective dose of the three natural radionuclides varied from 151.9 to 401.3 {mu}Sv y{sup -1} (average 251.5 {mu}Sv y{sup -1}). The annual effective dose from {sup 137}Cs of Chernobyl origin was three orders of magnitude lower as it varied from 70.4 to 410.4 nSv y{sup -1} (average 199.3 nSv y{sup -1})

Papastefanou, C. [Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Atomic and Nuclear Physics Laboratory, Thessaloniki 54124 (Greece)

2008-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

190

Category:Reference Materials | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Category Category Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Category:Reference Materials (Redirected from Reference Materials) Jump to: navigation, search This is a deprecated subcategory. All Reference Materials will be converted to References. Pages in category "Reference Materials" The following 200 pages are in this category, out of 2,265 total. (previous 200) (next 200) 1 10 CFR § 1021 2 2-D Magnetotellurics At The Geothermal Site At Soultz-Sous-Forets- Resistivity Distribution To About 3000 M Depth 2.8-Ma Ash-Flow Caldera At Chegem River In The Northern Caucasus Mountains (Russia), Contemporaneous Granites, And Associated Ore Deposits 238U Decay Series Systematics Of Young Lavas From Batur Volcano, Sunda Arc 2D Joint Inversion Of Dc And Scalar Audio-Magnetotelluric Data In The Evaluation Of Low Enthalpy Geothermal Fields

191

Property:Reference material | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Reference material Reference material Jump to: navigation, search Property Name Reference material Property Type Page Description The reference material used or cited in the work, activity or concept which is the subject of the page. Pages using the property "Reference material" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 2 2-M Probe At Alum Area (Kratt, Et Al., 2010) + Boom And Bust With The Latest 2M Temperature Surveys- Dead Horse Wells, Hawthorne Army Depot, Terraced Hills, And Other Areas In Nevada + 2-M Probe At Astor Pass Area (Kratt, Et Al., 2010) + Boom And Bust With The Latest 2M Temperature Surveys- Dead Horse Wells, Hawthorne Army Depot, Terraced Hills, And Other Areas In Nevada + 2-M Probe At Black Warrior Area (DOE GTP) + GTP ARRA Spreadsheet +

192

The MIRD method of estimating absorbed dose  

SciTech Connect

The estimate of absorbed radiation dose from internal emitters provides the information required to assess the radiation risk associated with the administration of radiopharmaceuticals for medical applications. The MIRD (Medical Internal Radiation Dose) system of dose calculation provides a systematic approach to combining the biologic distribution data and clearance data of radiopharmaceuticals and the physical properties of radionuclides to obtain dose estimates. This tutorial presents a review of the MIRD schema, the derivation of the equations used to calculate absorbed dose, and shows how the MIRD schema can be applied to estimate dose from radiopharmaceuticals used in nuclear medicine.

Weber, D.A.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Dosimetric evaluation of two treatment planning systems for high dose rate brachytherapy applications  

SciTech Connect

Various treatment planning systems are used to design plans for the treatment of cervical cancer using high-dose-rate brachytherapy. The purpose of this study was to make a dosimetric comparison of the 2 treatment planning systems from Varian medical systems, namely ABACUS and BrachyVision. The dose distribution of Ir-192 source generated with a single dwell position was compared using ABACUS (version 3.1) and BrachyVision (version 6.5) planning systems. Ten patients with intracavitary applications were planned on both systems using orthogonal radiographs. Doses were calculated at the prescription points (point A, right and left) and reference points RU, LU, RM, LM, bladder, and rectum. For single dwell position, little difference was observed in the doses to points along the perpendicular bisector. The mean difference between ABACUS and BrachyVision for these points was 1.88%. The mean difference in the dose calculated toward the distal end of the cable by ABACUS and BrachyVision was 3.78%, whereas along the proximal end the difference was 19.82%. For the patient case there was approximately 2% difference between ABACUS and BrachyVision planning for dose to the prescription points. The dose difference for the reference points ranged from 0.4-1.5%. For bladder and rectum, the differences were 5.2% and 13.5%, respectively. The dose difference between the rectum points was statistically significant. There is considerable difference between the dose calculations performed by the 2 treatment planning systems. It is seen that these discrepancies are caused by the differences in the calculation methodology adopted by the 2 systems.

Shwetha, Bondel [Department of Radiation Physics, Kidwai, Memorial Institute of Oncology, Bangalore (India); Ravikumar, Manickam, E-mail: drravikumarm@gmail.com [Department of Radiation Physics, Kidwai, Memorial Institute of Oncology, Bangalore (India); Supe, Sanjay S.; Sathiyan, Saminathan [Department of Radiation Physics, Kidwai, Memorial Institute of Oncology, Bangalore (India); Lokesh, Vishwanath [Department of Radiotherapy, Kidwai, Memorial Institute of Oncology, Bangalore (India); Keshava, Subbarao L. [Department of Radiation Physics, Kidwai, Memorial Institute of Oncology, Bangalore (India)

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Low Dose Radiation Research Program: Image Gallery  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Image Gallery Image Gallery These are images, photographs, and charts presented or developed for Low Dose Radiation Research Investigators’ Meetings. They may be used for presentations or reports. To save, right click on the picture, then choose "Save picture as." U.S. annual per-capita effective radiation dose from various sources for 1980. various sources 1980 Enlarge Image. U.S. annual per-capita effective radiation dose from various sources for 2006. various sources 2006 Enlarge Image. U.S. annual per-capita effective radiation dose from man-made sources in the United States for 2006. man-made 2006 Enlarge Image. Ionizing Radiation Dose Ranges showing the wide range of radiation doses that humans experience (Rem) Enlarge Image. Ionizing Radiation Dose Ranges showing the wide range of radiation doses that humans experience

195

References, Canceled-7 Section B- April 16 2010  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This Section contains S&S references arranged as general references and by topical S&S programmatic areas

196

Estimated Ultraviolet Radiation Doses in Wetlands in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Estimated Ultraviolet Radiation Doses in Wetlands in Six National Parks Stephen A. Diamond,1 ABSTRACT Ultraviolet-B radiation (UV-B, 280­320-nm wave- lengths) doses were estimated for 1024 wetlands of vegetative features, and quantification of DOC concentration and spectral absorbance. UV-B dose estimates

Knapp, Roland

197

GENERAL TECHNICAL BASE QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

General General Technical Base Qualification Standard Reference Guide MARCH 2012 This page is intentionally blank. Table of Contents i FIGURES ...................................................................................................................................... iii TABLES ........................................................................................................................................ iii ACRONYMS ................................................................................................................................ iv PURPOSE ...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ........................................................................................................................................... 1

198

NUCLEAR SAFETY SPECIALIST QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Nuclear Nuclear Safety Specialist Qualification Standard Reference Guide AUGUST 2008 This page is intentionally blank. i Table of Contents LIST OF FIGURES ..................................................................................................................... iv LIST OF TABLES ........................................................................................................................ v ACRONYMS ................................................................................................................................ vi PURPOSE...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ...........................................................................................................................................

199

Fire Protection Engineering Qualification Standard Reference Guide  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Fire Protection Fire Protection Engineering Qualification Standard Reference Guide SEPTEMBER 2009 This page is intentionally blank. Table of Contents i ACRONYMS ................................................................................................................................. ii PURPOSE.......................................................................................................................................1 SCOPE ............................................................................................................................................1 PREFACE.......................................................................................................................................1 TECHNICAL COMPETENCIES................................................................................................3

200

WASTE MANAGEMENT QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Qualification Standard Qualification Standard Reference Guide August 2010 Waste Management This page is intentionally blank. Table of Contents iii LIST OF FIGURES ..................................................................................................................... iv LIST OF TABLES ........................................................................................................................ v ACRONYMS ................................................................................................................................ vi PURPOSE ...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ........................................................................................................................................... 1

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rfd reference dose" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Qualification Standard Qualification Standard Reference Guide JULY 2011 Occupational Safety This page is intentionally blank. Table of Contents i FIGURES ...................................................................................................................................... iii TABLES ........................................................................................................................................ iv ACRONYMS ................................................................................................................................. v PURPOSE ...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ........................................................................................................................................... 1

202

NEWTON's Environmental and Earth Science References  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Environmental and Earth Science References Environmental and Earth Science References Do you have a great reference link? Please click our Ideas page. Featured Reference Links: >NASA's Earth Science Division NASA's Earth Science Division Find the answers to the big questions of Earth Science such as "How is the World Changing?" The information and articles are provided by NASA's Earth Science Division Geology.com Resources Teaching Earth Science - Geology.com Geology.com provides news and information about Geology and Earth Science. It has a teacher resource section as well, which provides a collection of classroom activities and lesson plans, for earth science in the classroom. IRIS's Seismographs in Schools Program IRIS's Seismographs in Schools Program Discover tools to share seismic data in real-time, classroom activities, and technical support documents for seismic instruments.

203

INDUSTRIAL HYGIENE QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Industrial Industrial Hygiene Qualification Standard Reference Guide DECEMBER 2009 This page is intentionally blank. Table of Contents i LIST OF FIGURES ...................................................................................................................... ii LIST OF TABLES ........................................................................................................................ ii ACRONYMS ................................................................................................................................ iv PURPOSE...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ...........................................................................................................................................

204

Category:Reference Materials | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Category Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Category:Reference Materials Jump to: navigation, search This is a deprecated subcategory. All Reference Materials will be converted to References. Pages in category "Reference Materials" The following 200 pages are in this category, out of 2,265 total. (previous 200) (next 200) 1 10 CFR § 1021 2 2-D Magnetotellurics At The Geothermal Site At Soultz-Sous-Forets- Resistivity Distribution To About 3000 M Depth 2.8-Ma Ash-Flow Caldera At Chegem River In The Northern Caucasus Mountains (Russia), Contemporaneous Granites, And Associated Ore Deposits 238U Decay Series Systematics Of Young Lavas From Batur Volcano, Sunda Arc

205

CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Construction Construction Management Qualification Standard Reference Guide August 2009 This page is intentionally blank. Table of Contents i LIST OF FIGURES ..................................................................................................................... iv LIST OF TABLES ........................................................................................................................ v ACRONYMS ................................................................................................................................ vi PURPOSE...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ...........................................................................................................................................

206

RADIATION PROTECTION QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Radiation Radiation Protection Qualification Standard Reference Guide MARCH 2009 ii This page intentionally left blank iii Table of Contents LIST OF FIGURES ..................................................................................................................... iv LIST OF TABLES ....................................................................................................................... iv ACRONYMS, ABBREVIATIONS and SYMBOLS ................................................................. v PURPOSE...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ...........................................................................................................................................

207

Category:References | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Category Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Category:References Jump to: navigation, search Add a new Reference. Subcategories This category has the following 9 subcategories, out of 9 total. B [×] Buildings References‎ G [×] Geothermal References‎ 290 pages H [×] Hydrogen References‎ R [×] Reference Materials‎ 2265 pages S [×] Smart Grid References‎ [×] Solar References‎ 1 pages U [×] Utilities References‎ W [×] Water References‎ 2 pages [×] Wind References‎ 1 pages Pages in category "References" The following 200 pages are in this category, out of 295 total. (previous 200) (next 200)

208

AVIATION SAFETY OFFICER QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Safety Safety Officer Qualification Standard Reference Guide MARCH 2010 i This page is intentionally blank. Table of Contents ii LIST OF FIGURES ..................................................................................................................... iii LIST OF TABLES ....................................................................................................................... iii ACRONYMS ............................................................................................................................... iv PURPOSE...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ...........................................................................................................................................

209

NETL: Methane Hydrates - Methane Hydrate Reference Shelf  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Reference Shelf Reference Shelf The Methane Hydrate Reference Shelf was created to provide a repository for information collected from projects funded as part of the National Methane Hydrate R&D Program. As output from the projects is received, it will be reviewed and then placed onto the reference shelf to be available to other methane hydrate researchers. Projects: DOE/NETL Projects : These pages contain detailed information on methane hydrate projects funded through the National Energy Technology Laboratory. Publications: Newsletter | Bibliography | Software | Reports | Program Publications | Photo Gallery Newsletter: Fire in the Ice: A publication highlighting the National Methane Hydrate R&D Program Bibliography: "Project Reports Bibliography"[PDF]: The bibliography lists publications resulting from DOE/NETL-sponsored

210

FAQS Reference Guide Instrumentation and Control  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This reference guide has been developed to address the competency statements in the June 2013 edition of DOE-Standard (STD)-1162-2013, Instrumentation and Control Functional Area Qualification Standard.

211

Emergency Responder Radioactive Material Quick Reference Sheet  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This job aid is a quick reference to assist emergency responders in identifying preliminary safety precautions that should be taken during the initial response phase after arrival at the scene of...

212

FAQS Reference Guide Senior Technical Safety Manager  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This reference guide has been developed to address the competency statements in the March 2013 edition of DOE-Standard (STD)-1175-2013, Senior Technical Safety Manager Functional Area Qualification Standard.

213

Red Band Needle Blight TERMS OF REFERENCE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Red Band Needle Blight TERMS OF REFERENCE Purpose 1. The Programme Board has been formed to have an overview of the administration and science of Red Band Needle Blight (RBNB), to underpin decisions made

214

Excepted Service EJ and EK Desk Reference  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Excepted Service EJ and EK Desk Reference is designed to provide the framework, in conjunction, with the DOE O 329.1 (Excepted Service Authorities for EJ and EK Pay Plans). Specifically, the...

215

Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Warehouse  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Here you will find past versions of the reference buildings for new construction commercial buildings, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is...

216

FAQS Reference Guide Nuclear Safety Specialist  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This reference guide has been developed to address the competency statements in the November 2007 edition of DOE Standard DOE-STD-1183-2007, Nuclear Safety Specialist Functional Area Qualification Standard.

217

FAQS Reference Guide Safety Software Quality Assurance  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This reference guide has been developed to address the competency statements in the (March 2011) edition of DOE-STD-1172-2011, Safety Software Quality Assurance Functional Area Qualification Standard.

218

Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Supermarket  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Here you will find past versions of the reference buildings for new construction commercial buildings, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is...

219

New Construction Commercial Reference Buildings Archive  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Here you will find past versions of the reference buildings for new construction commercial buildings, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is...

220

Widget:ReferenceEdit | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

corrects fields not appearing when an existing reference is edited with the form. This patch overrides the form's built in show on select feature, which has an issue displaying...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rfd reference dose" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

FAQS Reference Guide Civil/ Structural Engineering  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This reference guide has been developed to address the competency statements in the March 2004 edition of DOE-STD-1182-2004, Civil/Structural Engineering Functional Area Qualification Standard.

222

Introducing Reference Semantics via Refinement Graeme Smith  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introducing Reference Semantics via Refinement Graeme Smith Software Verification Research Centre, University of Queensland, Australia smith@svrc.uq.edu.au Abstract. Two types of semantics have been given

Smith, Graeme

223

Generating and interpreting referring expressions in context  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Referring expressions with vague and ambiguous modifiers, such as "a quick visit" and "the big meeting," are difficult for computers to interpret because their meanings are defined in part by context. For the hearer to ...

Smith, Dustin Arthur

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Electromagnetic Radiation REFERENCE: Remote Sensing of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 CHAPTER 2: Electromagnetic Radiation Principles REFERENCE: Remote Sensing of the Environment John;2 Electromagnetic Energy Interactions Energy recorded by remote sensing systems undergoes fundamental interactions, creating convectional currents in the atmosphere. c) Electromagnetic energy in the form of electromagnetic

Gilbes, Fernando

225

TECHNICAL TRAINING QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Technical Technical Training Qualification Standard Reference Guide December 2009 This page is intentionally blank. Table of Contents i LIST OF FIGURES ...................................................................................................................... ii LIST OF TABLES ........................................................................................................................ ii ACRONYMS ................................................................................................................................ iii PURPOSE...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ...........................................................................................................................................

226

WEAPONS QUALITY ASSURANCE QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Weapon Weapon Quality Assurance Qualification Standard Reference Guide AUGUST 2009 This page is intentionally blank. Table of Contents i LIST OF FIGURES ...................................................................................................................... ii LIST OF TABLES ........................................................................................................................ ii ACRONYMS ................................................................................................................................ iv PURPOSE...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ...........................................................................................................................................

227

SAFEGUARDS AND SECURITY QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and Security Qualification Standard Reference Guide OCTOBER 2010 This page is intentionally blank. Table of Contents i LIST OF TABLES ........................................................................................................................ v ACRONYMS ................................................................................................................................ vi PURPOSE ...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ........................................................................................................................................... 1 PREFACE ...................................................................................................................................... 1

228

Wildlife toxicity extrapolations: Dose metric  

SciTech Connect

Ecotoxicological assessments must rely on the extrapolation of toxicity data from a few indicator species to many species of concern. Data are available from laboratory studies (e.g., quail, mallards, rainbow trout, fathead minnow) and some planned or serendipitous field studies of a broader, but by no means comprehensive, suite of species. Yet all ecological risk assessments begin with an estimate of risk based on information gleaned from the literature. One is then confronted with the necessity of extrapolating toxicity information from a limited number of indicator species to all organisms of interest. This is a particularly acute problem when trying to estimate hazards to wildlife in terrestrial systems as there is an extreme paucity of data for most chemicals in all but a handful of species. This section continues the debate by six panelists of the ``correct`` approach for determining wildlife toxicity thresholds by examining which dose metric to use for threshold determination and interspecific extrapolation, Since wild animals are exposed to environmental contaminants primarily through ingestion, should threshold values be expressed as amount of chemical in the diet (e.g., ppm) or as a body weight-adjusted dose (mg/kg/day)? Which of these two approaches is most relevant for ecological risk assessment decision making? Which is best for interspecific extrapolations? Converting from one metric to the other can compound uncertainty if the actual consumption rates of a species is unknown. How should this be dealt with? Is it of sufficient magnitude to be of concern?

Fairbrother, A. [Ecological Planning and Toxicology, Inc., Corvallis, OR (United States); Berg, M. van den [Univ. of Utrecht (Netherlands). Research Inst. of Toxicology

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

229

We can do better than effective dose for estimating or comparing low-dose radiation risks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We can do better than effective dose for estimating or comparing low-dose radiation risks D of exposure to different radiation fields. More commonly these days, it is used to estimate or compare radi. Keywords: Low dose risk estimation; Effective dose; Flawed definition; Effective risk 1. INTRODUCTION

Brenner, David Jonathan

230

Biological equivalent dose studies for dose escalation in the stereotactic synchrotron radiation therapy clinical trials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

at the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility ESRF . To estimate the possible risks, the doses receivedBiological equivalent dose studies for dose escalation in the stereotactic synchrotron radiation technique a radiation dose enhancement specific to the tumor is obtained. The tumor is loaded with a high

Boyer, Edmond

231

Radiological assessment. A textbook on environmental dose analysis  

SciTech Connect

Radiological assessment is the quantitative process of estimating the consequences to humans resulting from the release of radionuclides to the biosphere. It is a multidisciplinary subject requiring the expertise of a number of individuals in order to predict source terms, describe environmental transport, calculate internal and external dose, and extrapolate dose to health effects. Up to this time there has been available no comprehensive book describing, on a uniform and comprehensive level, the techniques and models used in radiological assessment. Radiological Assessment is based on material presented at the 1980 Health Physics Society Summer School held in Seattle, Washington. The material has been expanded and edited to make it comprehensive in scope and useful as a text. Topics covered include (1) source terms for nuclear facilities and Medical and Industrial sites; (2) transport of radionuclides in the atmosphere; (3) transport of radionuclides in surface waters; (4) transport of radionuclides in groundwater; (5) terrestrial and aquatic food chain pathways; (6) reference man; a system for internal dose calculations; (7) internal dosimetry; (8) external dosimetry; (9) models for special-case radionuclides; (10) calculation of health effects in irradiated populations; (11) evaluation of uncertainties in environmental radiological assessment models; (12) regulatory standards for environmental releases of radionuclides; (13) development of computer codes for radiological assessment; and (14) assessment of accidental releases of radionuclides.

Till, J.E.; Meyer, H.R. (eds.)

1983-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Alanine/EPR dosimetry applied to the verification of a total body irradiation protocol and treatment planning dose calculation using a humanoid phantom  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To avoid complications in total body irradiation (TBI), it is important to achieve a homogeneous dose distribution throughout the body and to deliver a correct dose to the lung which is an organ at risk. The purpose of this work was to validate the TBI dose protocol and to check the accuracy of the 3D dose calculations of the treatment planning system. Methods: Dosimetry based on alanine/electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) was used to measure dose at numerous locations within an anthropomorphic phantom (Alderson) that was irradiated in a clinical TBI beam setup. The alanine EPR dosimetry system was calibrated against water calorimetry in a Co-60 beam and the absorbed dose was determined by the use of ''dose-normalized amplitudes'' A{sub D}. The dose rate of the TBI beam was checked against a Farmer ionization chamber. The phantom measurements were compared to 3D dose calculations from a treatment planning system (Pinnacle) modeled for standard dose calculations. Results: Alanine dosimetry allowed accurate measurements which were in accordance with ionization chamber measurements. The combined relative standard measurement uncertainty in the Alderson phantom was U{sub r}(A{sub D})=0.6%. The humanoid phantom was irradiated to a reference dose of 10 Gy, limiting the lung dose to 7.5 Gy. The ratio of the average measured dose midplane in the craniocaudal direction to the reference dose was 1.001 with a spread of {+-}4.7% (1 sd). Dose to the lung was measured in 26 locations and found, in average, 1.8% lower than expected. Lung dose was homogeneous in the ventral-dorsal direction but a dose gradient of 0.10 Gy cm{sup -1} was observed in the craniocaudal direction midline within the lung lobe. 3D dose calculations (Pinnacle) were found, in average, 2% lower compared to dose measurements on the body axis and 3% lower for the lungs. Conclusions: The alanine/EPR dosimetry system allowed accurate dose measurements which enabled the authors to validate their TBI dose protocol. Dose calculations based on a collapsed cone convolution dose algorithm modeled for regular treatments are accurate within 3% and can further be improved when the algorithm is modeled for TBI.

Schaeken, B.; Lelie, S.; Meijnders, P.; Van den Weyngaert, D.; Janssens, H.; Verellen, D. [NuTeC-EPR Dosimetry Laboratory, Xios Hogeschool Limburg, Technologiecentrum 27, 3590 Diepenbeek (Belgium) and Department of Radiotherapy, ZNA-Middelheim, Lindendreef 1, 2020 Antwerp (Belgium); NuTeC-EPR Dosimetry Laboratory, Xios Hogeschool Limburg, Technologiecentrum 27, 3590 Diepenbeek (Belgium); Department of Radiotherapy, ZNA-Middelheim, Lindendreef 1, 2020 Antwerp (Belgium); NuTeC-EPR Dosimetry Laboratory, Xios Hogeschool Limburg, Technologiecentrum 27, 3590 Diepenbeek (Belgium); UZ-Brussels, Laarbeeklaan 1, 1090 Brussels (Belgium)

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

233

Surgeon education decreases radiation dose in complex endovascular procedures and improves patient safety  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Objective Complex endovascular procedures such as fenestrated endovascular aneurysm repair (FEVAR) are associated with higher radiation doses compared with other fluoroscopically guided interventions (FGIs). The purpose of this study was to determine whether surgeon education on radiation dose control can lead to lower reference air kerma (RAK) and peak skin dose (PSD) levels in high-dose procedures. Methods Radiation dose and operating factors were recorded for FGI performed in a hybrid room over a 16-month period. Cases exceeding 6 Gy RAK were investigated according to institutional policy. Information obtained from these investigations led to surgeon education focused on reducing patient dose. Points addressed included increasing table height, utilizing collimation and angulation, decreasing magnification modes, and maintaining minimal patient-to-detector distance. Procedural RAK doses and operating factors were compared 8 months pre- (group A) and 8 months post- (group B) educational intervention using analysis of variance with Tukey pairwise comparisons and t-tests. PSD distributions were calculated using custom software employing input data from fluoroscopic machine logs. Results Of 447 procedures performed, 300 \\{FGIs\\} had sufficient data to be included in the analysis (54% lower extremity, 11% thoracic endovascular aneurysm repair, 10% cerebral, 8% FEVAR, 7% endovascular aneurysm repair, 5% visceral, and 5% embolization). Twenty-one cases were investigated for exceeding 6 Gy RAK. FEVAR comprised 70% of the investigated cases and had a significantly higher median RAK dose compared with all other \\{FGIs\\} (Pradiation dose, and decreased the number of non-FEVAR cases that exceeded 6 Gy. It is essential thatvascular surgeons be educated in best operating practices to lower PSD; nonetheless, FEVAR remains a high-dose procedure.

Melissa L. Kirkwood; Gary M. Arbique; Jeffrey B. Guild; Carlos Timaran; Jayer Chung; Jon A. Anderson; R. James Valentine

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Relative age-specific radiation dose commitment factors for major radionuclides released from nuclear fuel facilities  

SciTech Connect

During the licensing process for nuclear fuel facilities, committed dose equivalents must be calculated for potential exposures to people in the area around these facilities. These committed dose equivalents are usually calculated from tabulated dose-conversion factors that convert the quantity of radioactive material potentially taken in by individuals through ingestion or inhalation. For calculating committed dose equivalents to children, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission has in the past appealed to age-specific dose-conversion factors listed in NUREG-0172 (1977), which is based on a computational methodology found in ICRP Publication 2 (1959). Since the publication of NUREG-0172 new models and new concepts of risk have been provided in ICRP Publications 26 and 30 (1977, 1979). These documents provide a detailed methodology for calculating dose-conversion factors for the various radionuclides for an adult reference man. In this report are tabulated age-specific dose-conversion factors, given as multiples of the adult values, for inhalation or ingestion of each of the following isotopes: U-234, U-235, U-238, Th-228, Th-230, Th-232, Ra-226, Ra-228, Pb-210, or Po-210. Our methodology is consistent as far as practical with that of ICRP Publications 26 and 30, but we have modified and extended the ICRP methodology as necessary to include age dependence and to include metabolic and dosimetric information that has been developed since the issuance of these ICRP documents.

Cristy, M.; Leggett, R.W.; Dunning, D.E. Jr.; Eckerman, K.F.

1986-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Pretreatment verification of dose calculation and delivery by means of measurements with PLEXITOM phantom  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Aim To validate a pretreatment verification method of dose calculation and dose delivery based on measurements with Metaplex PTW phantom. Background The dose-response relationships for local tumor control and radiosensitive tissue complications are strong. It is widely accepted that an accuracy of dose delivery of about 3.5% (one standard deviation) is required in modern radiotherapy. This goal is difficult to achieve. This paper describes our experience with the control of dose delivery and calculations at the ICRU reference point. Materials and methods The calculations of dose at the ICRU reference point performed with the treatment planning system CMS XiO were checked by measurements carried out in the PLEXITOM phantom. All measurements were performed with the ion chamber positioned in the phantom, at the central axis of the beam, at depth equivalent to the radiological depth (at gantry zero position). The source-to-phantom surface distance was always set to keep the source-to-detector distance equal to the reference point depth defined in the ICRU Report 50 (generally, 100cm). The dose was measured according to IAEA TRS 398 report for measurements in solid phantoms. The measurement results were corrected with the actual accelerator's output factor and for the non-full scatter conditions. Measurements were made for 111 patients and 327 fields. Results The average differences between measurements and calculations were 0.03% (SD=1.4%), 0.3% (SD=1.0%), 0.1% (SD=1.1%), 0.6% (SD=1.8%), 0.3% (SD=1.5%) for all measurements, for total dose, for pelvis, thorax and H&N patients, respectively. Only in 15 cases (4.6%), the difference between the measured and the calculated dose was greater than 3%. For these fields, a detailed analysis was undertaken. Conclusion The verification method provides an instantaneous verification of dose calculations before the beginning of a patient's treatment. It allows to detect differences smaller than 3.5%.

Pawe? Wo?owiec; Pawe? Kuko?owicz; Krzysztof Lis

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Commercial Reference Building: Hospital | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

09 09 Varnish cache server Browse Upload data GDR 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142278309 Varnish cache server Commercial Reference Building: Hospital Dataset Summary Description Commercial reference buildings provide complete descriptions for whole building energy analysis using EnergyPlus simulation software. Included here is data pertaining to the reference building type Hospital for each of the 16 climate zones, and each of three construction categories: new construction, post-1980 construction existing buildings, pre-1980 construction existing buildings.The dataset includes four key components: building summary, zone summary, location summary and a picture. Building summary includes details about: form, fabric, and HVAC. Zone summary includes details such as: area, volume, lighting, and occupants for all types of zones in the building. Location summary includes key building information as it pertains to each climate zone, including: fabric and HVAC details, utility costs, energy end use, and peak energy demand.In total, DOE developed 16 reference building types that represent approximately 70% of commercial buildings in the U.S.; for each type, building models are available for each of the three construction categories. The commercial reference buildings (formerly known as commercial building benchmark models) were developed by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), in conjunction with three of its national laboratories.Additional data is available directly from DOE's Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE) Website, including EnergyPlus software input files (.idf) and results of the EnergyPlus simulations (.html).

237

Multicriteria optimization of the spatial dose distribution  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Treatment planning for radiation therapy involves trade-offs with respect to different clinical goals. Typically, the dose distribution is evaluated based on few statistics and dosevolume histograms. Particularly for stereotactic treatments, the spatial dose distribution represents further criteria, e.g., when considering the gradient between subregions of volumes of interest. The authors have studied how to consider the spatial dose distribution using a multicriteria optimization approach.Methods: The authors have extended a stepwise multicriteria optimization approach to include criteria with respect to the local dose distribution. Based on a three-dimensional visualization of the dose the authors use a software tool allowing interaction with the dose distribution to map objectives with respect to its shape to a constrained optimization problem. Similarly, conflicting criteria are highlighted and the planner decides if and where to relax the shape of the dose distribution.Results: To demonstrate the potential of spatial multicriteria optimization, the tool was applied to a prostate and meningioma case. For the prostate case, local sparing of the rectal wall and shaping of a boost volume are achieved through local relaxations and while maintaining the remaining dose distribution. For the meningioma, target coverage is improved by compromising low dose conformality toward noncritical structures. A comparison of dosevolume histograms illustrates the importance of spatial information for achieving the trade-offs.Conclusions: The results show that it is possible to consider the location of conflicting criteria during treatment planning. Particularly, it is possible to conserve already achieved goals with respect to the dose distribution, to visualize potential trade-offs, and to relax constraints locally. Hence, the proposed approach facilitates a systematic exploration of the optimal shape of the dose distribution.

Schlaefer, Alexander [Medical Robotics Group, Universitt zu Lbeck, Lbeck 23562, Germany and Institute of Medical Technology, Hamburg University of Technology, Hamburg 21073 (Germany)] [Medical Robotics Group, Universitt zu Lbeck, Lbeck 23562, Germany and Institute of Medical Technology, Hamburg University of Technology, Hamburg 21073 (Germany); Viulet, Tiberiu [Medical Robotics Group, Universitt zu Lbeck, Lbeck 23562 (Germany)] [Medical Robotics Group, Universitt zu Lbeck, Lbeck 23562 (Germany); Muacevic, Alexander; Frweger, Christoph [European CyberKnife Center Munich, Munich 81377 (Germany)] [European CyberKnife Center Munich, Munich 81377 (Germany)

2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

238

Category:Geothermal References | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Category Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Category:Geothermal References Jump to: navigation, search Add a new Reference Pages in category "Geothermal References" The following 200 pages are in this category, out of 323 total. (previous 200) (next 200) 2 2-D Magnetotellurics At The Geothermal Site At Soultz-Sous-Forets- Resistivity Distribution To About 3000 M Depth 2007 Annual Report A A Case History of Injection Through 1991 at Dixie Valley, Nevada A Coordinated Exploration Program for Geothermal Sources on the Island of Hawaii A geochemical model of the Kilauea east rift zone A model for the shallow thermal regime at Dixie Valley geothermal field

239

Reference Design? | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Reference Design? Reference Design? Home > Groups > Databus Are there any published reference designs for a DataBus installation? And/or some sort of discussion forum for this- I'd be interested to share thoughts and experiences about the various tradeoffs and options. (I'm not sure this Q&A thing is the best place for that; maybe some other feature of OpenEI?) Submitted by Hopcroft on 9 September, 2013 - 09:04 4 answers Points: 0 darn, the formatting on this forum software is really not that good. Maybe we should consider moving to serverfault.com which has great formatting, emails work, etc. etc. Deanhiller on 9 September, 2013 - 12:20 Points: 0 ah yes, I see your point there!!!! TIME_SERIES vs. RELATIONAL: TIME_SERIES is much much faster for downloads to charting after our performance fixes.

240

Reference Design? | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Reference Design? Reference Design? Home > Groups > Databus Are there any published reference designs for a DataBus installation? And/or some sort of discussion forum for this- I'd be interested to share thoughts and experiences about the various tradeoffs and options. (I'm not sure this Q&A thing is the best place for that; maybe some other feature of OpenEI?) Submitted by Hopcroft on 9 September, 2013 - 09:04 4 answers Points: 0 darn, the formatting on this forum software is really not that good. Maybe we should consider moving to serverfault.com which has great formatting, emails work, etc. etc. Deanhiller on 9 September, 2013 - 12:20 Points: 0 ah yes, I see your point there!!!! TIME_SERIES vs. RELATIONAL: TIME_SERIES is much much faster for downloads to charting after our performance fixes.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rfd reference dose" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

NETL: Innovations for Existing Plants - Reference Shelf  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Reference Shelf Reference Shelf Innovations for Existing Plants Reference Shelf Program Overview Overview Publications: IEP, Recent Accomplishments Report - [PDF-1.3MB] (Oct 2007) IEP Roadmap & Program Plan [PDF-1.2MB] (May 2006) DOE/NETL'S Innovations for Existing Plants R&D Program [PDF-42KB] (Feb 2005) Improving the Environmental Performance of Today's Coal-Fired Power Plants This paper provides an overview of the Innovations for Existing Plants (IEP) Program, managed by the DOE National Energy Technology Laboratory. IEP develops advanced low-cost environmental control technologies for the existing fleet of coal-fired power plants, specifically focusing on the development of advanced mercury, NOx, PM, and acid gas emission control technology. Research is also directed at the characterization and beneficial use of coal utilization byproducts as well as at emerging electric-utility and water issues.

242

Reference Design? | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Reference Design? Reference Design? Home > Groups > Databus Are there any published reference designs for a DataBus installation? And/or some sort of discussion forum for this- I'd be interested to share thoughts and experiences about the various tradeoffs and options. (I'm not sure this Q&A thing is the best place for that; maybe some other feature of OpenEI?) Submitted by Hopcroft on 9 September, 2013 - 09:04 4 answers Points: 0 darn, the formatting on this forum software is really not that good. Maybe we should consider moving to serverfault.com which has great formatting, emails work, etc. etc. Deanhiller on 9 September, 2013 - 12:20 Points: 0 ah yes, I see your point there!!!! TIME_SERIES vs. RELATIONAL: TIME_SERIES is much much faster for downloads to charting after our performance fixes.

243

EIA - Appendix A - Reference Case Projection Tables  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Tables (2005-2035) Tables (2005-2035) International Energy Outlook 2010 Reference Case Projections Tables (2005-2035) Formats Data Table Titles (1 to 14 complete) Reference Case Projections Tables (1990-2030). Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Appendix A. Reference Case Projections Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table A1 World Total Primary Energy Consumption by Region Table A1. World Total Primary Energy Consumption by Region. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table A2 World Total Energy Consumption by Region and Fuel Table A2. World Total Energy Consumption by Region and Fuel. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800.

244

DOE_EVMS_CROSS_REFERENCE_CHECKLIST.pdf  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EVMS CROSS REFERENCE CHECKLIST EVMS CROSS REFERENCE CHECKLIST The purpose of this checklist is to evaluate a contractor's EVMS procedures to the ANSI/EIA-748 Guidelines. This process is typically done during a certification review, evaluation of changes to procedures, and when questions arise during subsequent surveillances. This checklist is just one tool. Other references may assist in the evaluation process. A recommended guide to be used in conjunction with this checklist is the NDIA PMSC, Earned Value Management Systems Intent Guide, 2006, http://www.ndia.org/Divisions/Divisions/Procurement/Pages/Program_Management_Systems_Committee.aspx GUIDELINE and QUESTIONS Y/N SD Ref ASSESSMENT NOTES DOCUMENTS I. ORGANIZATION 1. Define the authorized work elements for program. A work breakdown structure (WBS), tailored for effective internal management

245

Reference Design? | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Reference Design? Reference Design? Home > Groups > Databus Are there any published reference designs for a DataBus installation? And/or some sort of discussion forum for this- I'd be interested to share thoughts and experiences about the various tradeoffs and options. (I'm not sure this Q&A thing is the best place for that; maybe some other feature of OpenEI?) Submitted by Hopcroft on 9 September, 2013 - 09:04 4 answers Points: 0 darn, the formatting on this forum software is really not that good. Maybe we should consider moving to serverfault.com which has great formatting, emails work, etc. etc. Deanhiller on 9 September, 2013 - 12:20 Points: 0 ah yes, I see your point there!!!! TIME_SERIES vs. RELATIONAL: TIME_SERIES is much much faster for downloads to charting after our performance fixes.

246

Excepted Service EJ and EK Desk Reference  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1] 1] U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Office of the Chief Human Capital Officer 2012 Excepted Service EJ and EK Desk Reference E X E C U T I V E R E S O U R C E S D I V I S I O N [2] Executive Summary The Excepted Service EJ and EK Desk Reference is designed to provide the framework, in conjunction, with the DOE O 329.1 (Excepted Service Authorities for EJ and EK Pay Plans). Specifically, the desk reference addresses the requirements for the Excepted Service EJ and EK positions, to include: * Description of the EJ and EK authorities; * Policy of utilizing merit system principles and the Department's commitment to diversity; * The use of collective bargaining agreements applying to some EJ and EK positions; * The types of positions that the EJ and EK authorities apply and prohibited types of

247

Reference Design? | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Reference Design? Reference Design? Home > Groups > Databus Are there any published reference designs for a DataBus installation? And/or some sort of discussion forum for this- I'd be interested to share thoughts and experiences about the various tradeoffs and options. (I'm not sure this Q&A thing is the best place for that; maybe some other feature of OpenEI?) Submitted by Hopcroft on 9 September, 2013 - 09:04 4 answers Points: 0 darn, the formatting on this forum software is really not that good. Maybe we should consider moving to serverfault.com which has great formatting, emails work, etc. etc. Deanhiller on 9 September, 2013 - 12:20 Points: 0 ah yes, I see your point there!!!! TIME_SERIES vs. RELATIONAL: TIME_SERIES is much much faster for downloads to charting after our performance fixes.

248

Property:References | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

References References Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Text. Subproperties This property has the following 43 subproperties: A Active Seismic Techniques Aeromagnetic Survey Airborne Gravity Survey Audio-Magnetotellurics C Chemical Logging Compound and Elemental Analysis Controlled Source Audio MT Controlled Source Frequency-Domain Magnetics D DC Resistivity Survey (Dipole-Dipole Array) DC Resistivity Survey (Mise-Á-La-Masse) DC Resistivity Survey (Pole-Dipole Array) DC Resistivity Survey (Schlumberger Array) DC Resistivity Survey (Wenner Array) Direct-Current Resistivity Survey D cont. Downhole Techniques E Electrical Profiling Configurations Electrical Techniques Electromagnetic Techniques F Frequency-Domain Electromagnetic Survey G Geodetic Survey Geophysical Techniques

249

ORISE: Radiation Dose Estimates and Other Compendia  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

downloaded free from the Adobe website. Early Internal and External Dose Magnitude Estimation (PDF) This article addresses methods that can be used to rapidly estimate internal...

250

Commercial Reference Building: Warehouse | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Warehouse Warehouse Dataset Summary Description Commercial reference buildings provide complete descriptions for whole building energy analysis using EnergyPlus simulation software. Included here is data pertaining to the reference building type Warehouse for each of the 16 climate zones, and each of three construction categories: new construction, post-1980 construction existing buildings, pre-1980 construction existing buildings.The dataset includes four key components: building summary, zone summary, location summary and a picture. Building summary includes details about: form, fabric, and HVAC. Zone summary includes details such as: area, volume, lighting, and occupants for all types of zones in the building. Location summary includes key building information as it pertains to each climate zone, including: fabric and HVAC details, utility costs, energy end use, and peak energy demand.In total, DOE developed 16 reference building types that represent approximately 70% of commercial buildings in the U.S.; for each type, building models are available for three categories: new construction, post-1980 construction existing buildings, pre-1980 construction existing buildings. The commercial reference buildings (formerly known as commercial building benchmark models) were developed by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), in conjunction with three of its national laboratories.Additional data is available directly from DOE's Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE) Website, including EnergyPlus software input files (.idf) and results of the EnergyPlus simulations (.html).

251

Commercial Reference Building: Supermarket | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Supermarket Supermarket Dataset Summary Description Commercial reference buildings provide complete descriptions for whole building energy analysis using EnergyPlus simulation software. Included here is data pertaining to the reference building type Supermarket for each of the 16 climate zones, and each of three construction categories: new construction, post-1980 construction existing buildings, pre-1980 construction existing buildings.The dataset includes four key components: building summary, zone summary, location summary and a picture. Building summary includes details about: form, fabric, and HVAC. Zone summary includes details such as: area, volume, lighting, and occupants for all types of zones in the building. Location summary includes key building information as it pertains to each climate zone, including: fabric and HVAC details, utility costs, energy end use, and peak energy demand.In total, DOE developed 16 reference building types that represent approximately 70% of commercial buildings in the U.S.; for each type, building models are available for each of the three construction categories. The commercial reference buildings (formerly known as commercial building benchmark models) were developed by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), in conjunction with three of its national laboratories.Additional data is available directly from DOE's Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE) Website, including EnergyPlus software input files (.idf) and results of the EnergyPlus simulations (.html).

252

Reference Modeling for Inter-organizational Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to gain efficiency in the modeling process and a higher quality of inter-organizational solutions. 1Reference Modeling for Inter-organizational Systems Dieter Mayrhofer Institute of Software@big.tuwien.ac.at Abstract. Inter-organizational business process models are created and used by different partner networks

253

REFERENCE GUIDE ENERGY CONSERVATION ASSISTANCE ACT (ECAA)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

with this requirement. Waste management guidance and plan template can be downloaded at http://www.energy that generate waste. Attachments: Energy Commission Waste Management Plan Guidance Waste Management Plan1 REFERENCE GUIDE ENERGY CONSERVATION ASSISTANCE ACT (ECAA) STATE ENERGY PROGRAM (SEP) AMERICAN

254

VI. References V. Realistic Learning (Rate Based  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

VI. References V. Realistic Learning (Rate Based III. Mean Field Model IV. Spike Timing Depended Results Batch Learning ber of pattern stored patterns Low pass filtering: Presynaptic Adaptation ( ):see Christian Albers and Klaus Pawelzik University of Bremen -- Institute for Theoretical Physics -- Department

Kreiter, Andreas K.

255

Xyce parallel electronic simulator : reference guide.  

SciTech Connect

This document is a reference guide to the Xyce Parallel Electronic Simulator, and is a companion document to the Xyce Users Guide. The focus of this document is (to the extent possible) exhaustively list device parameters, solver options, parser options, and other usage details of Xyce. This document is not intended to be a tutorial. Users who are new to circuit simulation are better served by the Xyce Users Guide. The Xyce Parallel Electronic Simulator has been written to support, in a rigorous manner, the simulation needs of the Sandia National Laboratories electrical designers. It is targeted specifically to run on large-scale parallel computing platforms but also runs well on a variety of architectures including single processor workstations. It also aims to support a variety of devices and models specific to Sandia needs. This document is intended to complement the Xyce Users Guide. It contains comprehensive, detailed information about a number of topics pertinent to the usage of Xyce. Included in this document is a netlist reference for the input-file commands and elements supported within Xyce; a command line reference, which describes the available command line arguments for Xyce; and quick-references for users of other circuit codes, such as Orcad's PSpice and Sandia's ChileSPICE.

Mei, Ting; Rankin, Eric Lamont; Thornquist, Heidi K.; Santarelli, Keith R.; Fixel, Deborah A.; Coffey, Todd Stirling; Russo, Thomas V.; Schiek, Richard Louis; Warrender, Christina E.; Keiter, Eric Richard; Pawlowski, Roger Patrick

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Retrofit Energy Savings Estimation Model Reference Manual  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Retrofit Energy Savings Estimation Model Reference Manual #12;#12;Retrofit Energy Savings commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise, does from the Department of Energy. Any conclusions or opinions expressed in this manual represent solely

257

The National Standard Reference Data System  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...from Thermal Conductivity of Selected Materials (12). 760 reau's Office of Standard...on behalf of the United States as au-thor or proprietor, in standard refer-ence...Liley, Thermal Conductivity of Selected Materials. NSRDS-NBS-8 (Superintendent of...

Edward L. Brady; Merrill B. Wallenstein

1967-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

258

MATLAB Reference Sheet If you want to...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MATLAB Reference Sheet Variables If you want to... MATLAB Command Comment Create a variable called a and set it equal to 1 a = 1 Anytime you use a from now on, unless you change its value or clear it, MATLAB knows you mean 1. Note that MATLAB is case sensitive, so the variables a and A are not the same. Find

Crawford, T. Daniel

259

MATLAB Quick Reference Author: Jialong He  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

MATLAB Quick Reference Author: Jialong He Jialong_he@bigfoot.com http://www.bigfoot.com/~jialong_he General Purpose Commands Managing Commands and Functions addpath Add directories to MATLAB's search path platforms genpath Generate a path string help Display M-file help for MATLAB functions in the Command Window

Mitchell, Tom

260

The Mathematics of the Models of Reference  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Mathematics of the Models of Reference is a detailed exposition of the modeling of physical and informational reality pursued by iLabs Milan ( www.ilabs.it ), a private research lab in applied Artificial Intelligence. Based on an original approach ...

Francesco Berto; Gabriele Rossi; Jacopo Tagliabue

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rfd reference dose" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

To A Continent A Reference Guide  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Headwaters To A Continent A Reference Guide to Montana's Water Produced by Susan Higgins-Headwaters To A Continent A Place in the Hydrologic Cycle The Historical Significance of Water in Montana Water Availability In A Nutshell Surface Water Ground Water Ways That We Use Water Irrigation and Livestock Public and Rural

Dyer, Bill

262

Excepted Service EJ and EK Desk Reference  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

1 U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Office of the Chief Human Capital Officer 2012 Excepted Service EJ and EK Desk Reference E X E C U T I V E R E S O U R C E S D I V I S I O N 2...

263

Positional reference system for ultraprecision machining  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A stable positional reference system for use in improving the cutting tool-to-part contour position in numerical controlled-multiaxis metal turning machines is provided. The reference system employs a plurality of interferometers referenced to orthogonally disposed metering bars which are substantially isolated from machine strain induced position errors for monitoring the part and tool positions relative to the metering bars. A microprocessor-based control system is employed in conjunction with the plurality of positions interferometers and part contour description data input to calculate error components for each axis of movement and output them to corresponding axis driven with appropriate scaling and error compensation. Real-time position control, operating in combination with the reference system, makes possible the positioning of the cutting points of a tool along a part locus with a substantially greater degree of accuracy than has been attained previously in the art by referencing and then monitoring only the tool motion relative to a reference position located on the machine base.

Arnold, J.B.; Burleson, R.R.; Pardue, R.M.

1980-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

264

Population Reference Bureau Kenneth W. Wachter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Deaths, Medicare Enrollments · National Only; No Geography · Age, Sex, and Race; No Hispanics · Despite of 300,000 Households · August to October 2010 to avoid contamination. · E-Sample and P-Sample · EE,000 households · American Community Survey: Reverse Record Check KWW ­ p. 20/2 #12;References Bell, Robert and M

Wachter, Kenneth W.

265

Improving the Boeing Quick Reference Handbook  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Improving the Boeing Quick Reference Handbook Barbara E. Holder Aviation System Safety Boeing they know? Crew opens the QRH #12;Checklist verification #12;Attempt to restore power by following these steps #12;Condition 1 Are there more? It says "continued" Power was not restored #12;Condition 2

266

Reference: RGL 82-02 Subject: WETLANDS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reference: RGL 82-02 Subject: WETLANDS Title: CLARIFICATION OF "NORMAL CIRCUMSTANCES" IN THE WETLAND DEFINITION Issued: 02/11/82 Expires: 12/31/84 Originator: DAEN-CWO-N Description: DEFINES NORMAL CIRCUMSTANCES, CONVERTED WETLANDS, AND ABNORMAL PRESENCE OF AQUATIC VEGETATION 1. This letter will serve

US Army Corps of Engineers

267

The Ozone Dilemma: a reference handbook (Contemporary World Issues Series)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dilemma: a reference handbook By David E. Newton Reviewed byDilemma: a reference handbook (Contemporary World IssuesThe Ozone Dilemma: a reference handbook is targeted at both

Li, Haipeng

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

2014 Annual Merit Review Results Report - Cross-reference of...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Cross-reference of Project Investigators, Projects, and Organizations 2014 Annual Merit Review Results Report - Cross-reference of Project Investigators, Projects, and...

269

Surface Temperature Humidity Reference System Handbook - November 2005  

SciTech Connect

The Surface Temperature and Humidity Reference (SURTHREF) system is intended to provide accurate reference values of ambient temperature and relative humidity for comparison with radiosonde prelaunch values.

MT Ritsche

2005-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

270

Coherence principles in dose-finding studies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......Trust December 2005 Article Articles Coherence principles in dose-finding studies...Revised April 2005. This paper studies the coherence conditions of dose-finding methods...toxic outcome has just been seen. The coherence conditions, motivated by ethical concerns......

Ying Kuen Cheung

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Measurement of radiation dose in dental radiology  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......product to effective dose and energy imparted to the patient. Phys...C. A. and Persliden, J. Energy imparted to the patient in diagnostic...factors for determining the energy imparted from measurements of...dental radiology. | Patient dose audit is an important tool for quality......

Ebba Helmrot; Gudrun Alm Carlsson

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

An updated dose assessment for Rongelap Island  

SciTech Connect

We have updated the radiological dose assessment for Rongelap Island at Rongelap Atoll using data generated from field trips to the atoll during 1986 through 1993. The data base used for this dose assessment is ten fold greater than that available for the 1982 assessment. Details of each data base are presented along with details about the methods used to calculate the dose from each exposure pathway. The doses are calculated for a resettlement date of January 1, 1995. The maximum annual effective dose is 0.26 mSv y{sup {minus}1} (26 mrem y{sup {minus}1}). The estimated 30-, 50-, and 70-y integral effective doses are 0.0059 Sv (0.59 rem), 0.0082 Sv (0.82 rem), and 0.0097 Sv (0.97 rem), respectively. More than 95% of these estimated doses are due to 137-Cesium ({sup 137}Cs). About 1.5% of the estimated dose is contributed by 90-Strontium ({sup 90}Sr), and about the same amount each by 239+240-Plutonium ({sup 239+240}PU), and 241-Americium ({sup 241}Am).

Robison, W.L.; Conrado, C.L.; Bogen, K.T.

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Revised Analyses of Decommissioning Reference Non-Fuel-Cycle Facilities  

SciTech Connect

Cost information is developed for the conceptual decommissioning of non-fuel-cycle nuclear facilities that represent a significant decommissioning task in terms of decontamination and disposal activities. This study is a re-evaluation of the original study (NUREG/CR-1754 and NUREG/CR-1754, Addendum 1). The reference facilities examined in this study are the same as in the original study and include: a laboratory for the manufacture of {sup 3}H-labeled compounds; a laboratory for the manufacture of {sup 14}C-labeled compounds; a laboratory for the manufacture of {sup 123}I-labeled compounds; a laboratory for the manufacture of {sup 137}Cs sealed sources; a laboratory for the manufacture of {sup 241}Am sealed sources; and an institutional user laboratory. In addition to the laboratories, three reference sites that require some decommissioning effort were also examined. These sites are: (1) a site with a contaminated drain line and hold-up tank; (2) a site with a contaminated ground surface; and (3) a tailings pile containing uranium and thorium residues. Decommissioning of these reference facilities and sites can be accomplished using techniques and equipment that are in common industrial use. Essentially the same technology assumed in the original study is used in this study. For the reference laboratory-type facilities, the study approach is to first evaluate the decommissioning of individual components (e.g., fume hoods, glove boxes, and building surfaces) that are common to many laboratory facilities. The information obtained from analyzing the individual components of each facility are then used to determine the cost, manpower requirements and dose information for the decommissioning of the entire facility. DECON, the objective of the 1988 Rulemaking for materials facilities, is the decommissioning alternative evaluated for the reference laboratories because it results in the release of the facility for restricted or unrestricted use as soon as possible. For a facility, DECON requires that contaminated components either be: (1) decontaminated to restricted or unrestricted release levels or (2) packaged and shipped to an authorized disposal site. This study considers unrestricted release only. The new decommissioning criteria of July 1997 are too recent for this study to include a cost analysis of the restricted release option, which is now allowed under these new criteria. The costs of decommissioning facility components are generally estimated to be in the range of $140 to $27,000, depending on the type of component, the type and amount of radioactive contamination, the remediation options chosen, and the quantity of radioactive waste generated from decommissioning operations. Estimated costs for decommissioning the example laboratories range from $130,000 to $205,000, assuming aggressive low-level waste (LLW) volume reduction. If only minimal LLW volume reduction is employed, decommissioning costs range from $150,000 to $270,000 for these laboratories. On the basis of estimated decommissioning costs for facility components, the costs of decommissioning typical non-fuel-cycle laboratory facilities are estimated to range from about $25,000 for the decommissioning of a small room containing one or two fume hoods to more than $1 million for the decommissioning of an industrial plant containing several laboratories in which radiochemicals and sealed radioactive sources are prepared. For the reference sites of this study, the basic decommissioning alternatives are: (1) site stabilization followed by long-term care and (2) removal of the waste or contaminated soil to an authorized disposal site. Cost estimates made for decommissioning three reference sites range from about $130,000 for the removal of a contaminated drain line and hold-up tank to more than $23 million for the removal of a tailings pile that contains radioactive residue from ore-processing operations in which tin slag is processed for the recovery of rare metals. Total occupational radiation doses generally range from 0.00007 person-rem to 13 person-rem for

MC Bierschbach; DR Haffner; KJ Schneider; SM Short

2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Estimates of internal-dose equivalent from inhalation and ingestion of selected radionuclides  

SciTech Connect

This report presents internal radiation dose conversion factors for radionuclides of interest in environmental assessments of nuclear fuel cycles. This volume provides an updated summary of estimates of committed dose equivalent for radionuclides considered in three previous Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) reports. Intakes by inhalation and ingestion are considered. The International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) Task Group Lung Model has been used to simulate the deposition and retention of particulate matter in the respiratory tract. Results corresponding to activity median aerodynamic diameters (AMAD) of 0.3, 1.0, and 5.0 ..mu..m are given. The gastorintestinal (GI) tract has been represented by a four-segment catenary model with exponential transfer of radioactivity from one segment to the next. Retention of radionuclides in systemic organs is characterized by linear combinations of decaying exponential functions, recommended in ICRP Publication 30. The first-year annual dose rate, maximum annual dose rate, and fifty-year dose commitment per microcurie intake of each radionuclide is given for selected target organs and the effective dose equivalent. These estimates include contributions from specified source organs plus the systemic activity residing in the rest of the body; cross irradiation due to penetrating radiations has been incorporated into these estimates. 15 references.

Dunning, D.E.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Low Dose Radiation Research Program: National Laboratories  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

National Laboratories National Laboratories The Low Dose Radiation Program funding encompasses several Scientific Focus Areas (SFAs). The SFAs fund merit-reviewed research at DOE national laboratories. This management approach was created in 2008 by the Office of Biological and Environmental Research (BER) within the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Office of Science. PNNL's Low Dose Radiation Research Program Scientific Focus Area Linear and Nonlinear Tissue-Signaling Mechanisms in Response to Low Dose and Low Dose-Rate Radiation This program is funded as a U.S. Department of Energy Scientific Focus Area (SFA), and is an integrated cooperative program to understand low dose radiation effects in a complex model system. Coordinating Multidisciplinary Expertise The SFAs are designed to take advantage of the multidisciplinary,

276

Low Dose Radiation Research Program: Universities  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Universities Universities | Duke University | Loma Linda University | Northwestern University | University of Chicago | University of California Davis | Northwestern University University of Chicago University of California Davis Effects of Low Dose Irradiation on NF-κB Signaling Networks and Mitochondria Principal Investigator: Dr. Gayle Woloschak DOE Low Dose Research Program Projects Low dose-low dose rate irradiation leads to long term changes in numbers of mitochondria and mitochondrial genomes - Principal Investigator: Gayle Woloschak, Professor, Department of Radiation Oncology, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, USA NF-κB-mediated pro-survival network in low dose radiation-induced adaptive protection - Principal Investigator: Jian Jian Li, Professor, Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California Davis, Davis,

277

Low Dose Radiation Program: Workshop VI Abstracts  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Workshop VI Principal Investigator and Abstracts Workshop VI Principal Investigator and Abstracts Anderson, Carl Whole Genome Analysis of Functional Protein Binding Sites and DNA Methylation: Application to p53 and Low Dose Ionizing Radiation. Averbeck, Dietrich Cellular Responses at Low Doses of Ionizing Radiation. Azzam, Edouard Adaptive Responses to Low Dose/Low Dose-Rate ?-Rays in Normal Human Fibroblasts: The Role of Oxidative Metabolism. Bailey, Susan The Role of Telomere Dysfunction in Driving Genomic Instability. Balajee, Adayabalam Low Dose Radiation Induced DNA Damage Signaling and Repair Responses in Human 3-Dimensional Skin Model System. Barcellos-Hoff, Mary Helen Imaging Bioinformatics for Mapping Multidimensional Responses. Barcellos-Hoff, Mary Helen Biological Response to Radiation Mediated through the Microenvironment and

278

Low Dose Radiation Research Program: About  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

About About Background. Extensive research on the health effects of radiation using standard epidemiological and toxicological approaches has been done for decades to characterize responses of populations and individuals to high radiation doses, and to set exposure standards to protect both the public and the workforce. These standards were set using models that extrapolated from the cancers observed following exposure to high doses of radiation to predicted, but not measurable, changes in cancer frequency at low radiation doses. The use of models was necessary because of our inability to detect changes in cancer incidence following low doses of radiation. Historically, the predominant approach has been the Linear-no-Threshold model (see Wikipedia entry) and collective dose concept that assumes each unit of radiation, no

279

Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project Monthly Report  

SciTech Connect

This monthly report summarizes the technical progress and project status for the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction (HEDR) Project being conducted at the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) under the direction of a Technical Steering Panel (TSP). The TSP is composed of experts in numerous technical fields related to this project and represents the interests of the public. The objective of the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project is to estimate the radiation doses that populations could have received from nuclear operations at Hanford since 1944. The project is being managed and conducted by the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) under the direction of an independent Technical Steering Panel (TSP). The project is divided into the following technical tasks. These tasks correspond to the path radionuclides followed, from release to impact on humans (dose estimates): source terms, environmental transport, environmental monitoring data, demographics, agriculture, food habits, and environmental pathways and dose estimates. 3 figs., 3 tabs.

Finch, S.M. (comp.)

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

IBM References | Argonne Leadership Computing Facility  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Data Transfer Data Transfer Debugging & Profiling Performance Tools & APIs Software & Libraries IBM References Intrepid/Challenger/Surveyor Tukey Eureka / Gadzooks Policies Documentation Feedback Please provide feedback to help guide us as we continue to build documentation for our new computing resource. [Feedback Form] IBM References Contents IBM Redbooks A2 Processor Manual QPX Vector Instruction Set Architecture XL Compiler Documentation MASS Documentation Back to top IBM Redbooks IBM System Blue Gene Solution: Blue Gene/Q Application Development Manual - Application and library developers wants this one. This documents options for MPI, OpenMP, and other features of interest to most users. IBM System Blue Gene Solution: Blue Gene/Q Code Development and Tools Interface - Low-level tools; developers may find this useful.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rfd reference dose" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

REScheck Residnetial Plan Review Quick Reference Guide  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

RESIDENTIAL PLAN REVIEW RESIDENTIAL PLAN REVIEW QUICK REFERENCE GUIDE Plan review for energy code compliance can be conducted quickly and efficiently. The U.S. Department of Energy's REScheck Compliance Software is designed to create simplified compliance certificates that can be easily reviewed by enforcement personnel. This Quick Reference Guide will guide you, step-by-step, through a typical plan review process. There are three basic steps for conducting a building energy code plan review: Step 1: Verify the documentation has been correctly prepared. Step 2: Verify the levels of efficiency shown on the plans meet or exceed that shown in the documentation. Step 3: Verify all of the information to conduct a field inspection is included in the plans or documentation for the inspector to use on site.

282

to refer your readers to any other  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

refer your readers to any other refer your readers to any other forms of communication that you've created for your organization. You can also use this space to remind readers to mark their calendars for a regular event, such as a breakfast meeting for vendors every third Tuesday of the month, or a biannual charity auction. If space is available, this is a good place to insert a clip art image or some other graphic. This story can fit 175-225 words. If your newsletter is folded and mailed, this story will appear on the back. So, it's a good idea to make it easy to read at a glance. A question and answer session is a good way to quickly capture the at- tention of readers. You can either compile questions that you've re-

283

EERE Program Management Quick Reference Guide  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

a companion to the Office of Energy Efficiency and a companion to the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Program Management Reference Guide. It provides an overall description of the EERE program management structure, defines EERE program and project management roles and responsibilities, lays out the general sequence of activities in the program management cycle, and introduces the EERE Strategic Management System (SMS) and the EERE Information and Business Management Systems - Corporate Planning System (CPS), EERE Information System (EIS), and the Systems Approach to Grants Administration for Windows (WinSAGA). Quick references to the Guide and other sources of information of related program management information are provided throughout in information boxes associated within the text.

284

Annual Energy Outlook 2011 Reference Case  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AEO2012 Early Release Rollout Presentation AEO2012 Early Release Rollout Presentation Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies John Hopkins University January 23, 2012 | Washington, DC Howard Gruenspecht, Acting Administrator Annual Energy Outlook 2012 Early Release Reference Case Key results from the AEO2012 Reference case, which assumes current laws remain unchanged 2 Howard Gruenspecht AEO2012, January 23, 2012 * Projected growth of energy use slows over the projection period reflecting an extended economic recovery and increasing energy efficiency in end-use applications * Domestic crude oil production increases, reaching levels not experienced since 1994 by 2020 * With modest economic growth, increased efficiency, growing domestic production, and continued adoption of nonpetroleum liquids, net

285

Ocean - Quick Reference | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

- Quick Reference - Quick Reference Ocean Data Tools Technical Guide Map Gallery Regional Planning Feedback Ocean You are here Data.gov » Communities » Ocean Quick Ref 1) Q: How do I upload metadata into Data.gov? A: Federal Agencies: Data.gov is organized into separate catalogs to provide access to three classes of published, publicly accessible federal data and related access tools and services: "raw" data, geodata and applications, each with specific distinguishing characteristics. Although the selection criteria, approval, and submission process differ by department and agency, the following highlights the Data.gov submission process. Nomination of data or application Although any individual or organization may suggest a dataset or application for promotion to Data.gov, primary responsibility rests with

286

Reference electrode for strong oxidizing acid solutions  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A reference electrode for the measurement of the oxidation-reduction potentials of solutions is especially suitable for oxidizing solutions such as highly concentrated and fuming nitric acids, the solutions of nitrogen oxides, N.sub.2 O.sub.4 and N.sub.2 O.sub.5, in nitric acids. The reference electrode is fabricated of entirely inert materials, has a half cell of Pt/Ce(IV)/Ce(III)/70 wt. % HNO.sub.3, and includes a double-junction design with an intermediate solution of 70 wt. % HNO.sub.3. The liquid junctions are made from Corning No. 7930 glass for low resistance and negligible solution leakage.

Rigdon, Lester P. (Livermore, CA); Harrar, Jackson E. (Castro Valley, CA); Bullock, Sr., Jack C. (Pleasanton, CA); McGuire, Raymond R. (Brentwood, CA)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Quantum reference frames and deformed symmetries  

SciTech Connect

In the context of constrained quantum mechanics, reference systems are used to construct relational observables that are invariant under the action of the symmetry group. Upon measurement of a relational observable, the reference system undergoes an unavoidable measurement 'back-action' that modifies its properties. In a quantum-gravitational setting, it has been argued that such a back-action may produce effects that are described at an effective level as a form of deformed (or doubly) special relativity. We examine this possibility using a simple constrained system that has been extensively studied in the context of quantum information. While our conclusions support the idea of a symmetry deformation, they also reveal a host of other effects that may be relevant to the context of quantum gravity, and could potentially conceal the symmetry deformation.

Girelli, Florian [SISSA, Via Beirut 2-4, 34014 Trieste (Italy) and INFN, Sezione di Trieste, Trieste (Italy); Poulin, David [Center for the Physics of Information, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States)

2008-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

288

Quantum reference frames and deformed symmetries  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the context of constrained quantum mechanics, reference systems are used to construct relational observables that are invariant under the action of the symmetry group. Upon measurement of a relational observable, the reference system undergoes an unavoidable measurement back-action that modifies its properties. In a quantum-gravitational setting, it has been argued that such a back-action may produce effects that are described at an effective level as a form of deformed (or doubly) special relativity. We examine this possibility using a simple constrained system that has been extensively studied in the context of quantum information. While our conclusions support the idea of a symmetry deformation, they also reveal a host of other effects that may be relevant to the context of quantum gravity, and could potentially conceal the symmetry deformation.

Florian Girelli and David Poulin

2008-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

289

CRITICALITY SAFETY QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

9, 2010 Page 1 of 47 9, 2010 Page 1 of 47 Criticality Safety Qualification Standard Reference Guide 2010 For use with DOE-STD 1173-2009, CRITICALITY SAFETY FUNCTIONAL AREA QUALIFICATION STANDARD September 9, 2010 Page 2 of 47 PURPOSE....................................................................................................................... 5 SCOPE............................................................................................................................ 5 1. Criticality safety personnel must demonstrate a working-level knowledge of the fission process. .......................................................................................................... 6 2. Criticality safety personnel must demonstrate a working-level knowledge of the

290

Full Abstraction for Nominal General References  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

}. For each m (MA \\ IA): iA A m1 A · · · A mi A m Initial moves are P-Answers,and whenever m1 A m2, m1, m2 The -calculus is a functional calculus with nominal references. TY A, B ::= ½ | ? | [A] | A B | A B TE M, N ::= x | x.M | M N -term | skip return | n | pred M | succ N arithmetic | if0 M then N1 else N2

291

SAFT-UT utilities: Reference manual  

SciTech Connect

This manual is intended to give the user a complete command and operation reference for using the SAFT-UT utilities in the VMS environment. It augments two additional documents, the Guide to SAFT-UT Principles and Conventions and the Interface and Installation Guide. An understanding of the contents of the Guide to SAFT-UT Principles and Conventions is a recommended prerequisite to the use of the SAFT-UT utility programs.

Hall, T.E.

1987-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

A BrachyPhantom for verification of dose calculation of HDR brachytherapy planning system  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To develop a calibration phantom for {sup 192}Ir high dose rate (HDR) brachytherapy units that renders possible the direct measurement of absorbed dose to water and verification of treatment planning system.Methods: A phantom, herein designated BrachyPhantom, consists of a Solid Water 8-cm high cylinder with a diameter of 14 cm cavity in its axis that allows the positioning of an A1SL ionization chamber with its reference measuring point at the midheight of the cylinder's axis. Inside the BrachyPhantom, at a 3-cm radial distance from the chamber's reference measuring point, there is a circular channel connected to a cylindrical-guide cavity that allows the insertion of a 6-French flexible plastic catheter from the BrachyPhantom surface. The PENELOPE Monte Carlo code was used to calculate a factor, P{sub sw}{sup lw}, to correct the reading of the ionization chamber to a full scatter condition in liquid water. The verification of dose calculation of a HDR brachytherapy treatment planning system was performed by inserting a catheter with a dummy source in the phantom channel and scanning it with a CT. The CT scan was then transferred to the HDR computer program in which a multiple treatment plan was programmed to deliver a total dose of 150 cGy to the ionization chamber. The instrument reading was then converted to absorbed dose to water using the N{sub gas} formalism and the P{sub sw}{sup lw} factor. Likewise, the absorbed dose to water was calculated using the source strength, S{sub k}, values provided by 15 institutions visited in this work.Results: A value of 1.020 (0.09%, k= 2) was found for P{sub sw}{sup lw}. The expanded uncertainty in the absorbed dose assessed with the BrachyPhantom was found to be 2.12% (k= 1). To an associated S{sub k} of 27.8 cGy m{sup 2} h{sup ?1}, the total irradiation time to deliver 150 cGy to the ionization chamber point of reference was 161.0 s. The deviation between the absorbed doses to water assessed with the BrachyPhantom and those calculated by the treatment plans and using the S{sub k} values did not exceed 3% and 1.6%, respectively.Conclusions: The BrachyPhantom may be conveniently used for quality assurance and/or verification of HDR planning system with a priori threshold level to spot problems of 2% and 3%, respectively, and in the long run save time for the medical physicist.

Austerlitz, C. [Clinica Diana Campos, Recife, PE 52020-030 (Brazil)] [Clinica Diana Campos, Recife, PE 52020-030 (Brazil); Campos, C. A. T. [Pontifcia Universidade Catlica do Rio de Janeiro, RJ 22451-900 (Brazil)] [Pontifcia Universidade Catlica do Rio de Janeiro, RJ 22451-900 (Brazil)

2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

293

Combined methodology for estimating dose rates and health effects from exposure to radioactive pollutants  

SciTech Connect

The work described in the report is basically a synthesis of two previously existing computer codes: INREM II, developed at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); and CAIRD, developed by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). The INREM II code uses contemporary dosimetric methods to estimate doses to specified reference organs due to inhalation or ingestion of a radionuclide. The CAIRD code employs actuarial life tables to account for competing risks in estimating numbers of health effects resulting from exposure of a cohort to some incremental risk. The combined computer code, referred to as RADRISK, estimates numbers of health effects in a hypothetical cohort of 100,000 persons due to continuous lifetime inhalation or ingestion of a radionuclide. Also briefly discussed in this report is a method of estimating numbers of health effects in a hypothetical cohort due to continuous lifetime exposure to external radiation. This method employs the CAIRD methodology together with dose conversion factors generated by the computer code DOSFACTER, developed at ORNL; these dose conversion factors are used to estimate dose rates to persons due to radionuclides in the air or on the ground surface. The combination of the life table and dosimetric guidelines for the release of radioactive pollutants to the atmosphere, as required by the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1977.

Dunning, D.E. Jr.; Leggett, R.W.; Yalcintas, M.G.

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Radiation Dose Metrics in CT: Assessing Dose Using the National Quality Forum CT Patient Safety Measure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Purpose The National Quality Forum (NQF) is a nonprofit consensus organization that recently endorsed a measure focused on CT radiation doses. To comply, facilities must summarize the doses from consecutive scans within age and anatomic area strata and report the data in the medical record. Our purpose was to assess the time needed to assemble the data and to demonstrate how review of such data permits a facility to understand doses. Methods and Materials To assemble the data we used for analysis, we used the dose monitoring softwareeXposure to automatically export dose metrics from consecutive scans in 2010 and 2012. For a subset of 50exams, we also collected dose metrics manually, copying data directly from the PACS into an excel spreadsheet. Results Manual data collection for 50 scans required 2 hours and 15 minutes. eXposure compiled the data in under an hour. All dose metrics demonstrated a 30% to 50% reduction between 2010 and 2012. There was also a significant decline and a reduction in the variability of the doses over time. Conclusion The NQF measure facilitates an institution's capacity to assess the doses they are using for CT as part of routine practice. The necessary data can be collected within a reasonable amount of time either with automatic software or manually. The collection and review of these data will allow facilities to compare their radiation dose distributions with national distributions and allow assessment of temporal trends in the doses they are using.

Jillian Keegan; Diana L. Miglioretti; Robert Gould; Lane F. Donnelly; Nicole D. Wilson; Rebecca Smith-Bindman

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Uncertainty analysis for an updated dose assessment for a US nuclear test site: Bikini Atoll  

SciTech Connect

A detailed analysis of uncertainty and interindividual variability in estimated doses was conducted for a rehabilitation scenario for Bikini Island at Bikini Atoll, in which the top 40 cm of soil would be removed in the housing and village area, and the rest of the island is treated with potassium fertilizer, prior to an assumed resettlement date of 1999. Predicted doses were considered for the following fallout-related exposure pathways: ingested Cesium-137 and Strontium-90, external gamma exposure, and inhalation and ingestion of Americium-241 + Plutonium-239+240. Two dietary scenarios were considered: (1) imported foods are available (IA), and (2) imported foods are unavailable (only local foods are consumed) (IUA). Corresponding calculations of uncertainty in estimated population-average dose showed that after {approximately}5 y of residence on Bikini, the upper and lower 95% confidence limits with respect to uncertainty in this dose are estimated to be approximately 2-fold higher and lower than its population-average value, respectively (under both IA and IUA assumptions). Corresponding calculations of interindividual variability in the expected value of dose with respect to uncertainty showed that after {approximately}5 y of residence on Bikini, the upper and lower 95% confidence limits with respect to interindividual variability in this dose are estimated to be approximately 2-fold higher and lower than its expected value, respectively (under both IA and IUA assumptions). For reference, the expected values of population-average dose at age 70 were estimated to be 1.6 and 5.2 cSv under the IA and IUA dietary assumptions, respectively. Assuming that 200 Bikini resettlers would be exposed to local foods (under both IA and IUA assumptions), the maximum 1-y dose received by any Bikini resident is most likely to be approximately 2 and 8 mSv under the IA and IUA assumptions, respectively.

Bogen, K.T.; Conrado, C.L.; Robison, W.L.

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Overview of the ICRP/ICRU adult reference computational phantoms and dose conversion coefficients for external idealised exposures  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......breast and remainder tissuesa 0.12 Gonads 0.08 Bladder, oesophagus, liver and thyroid 0.04 Endosteum (bone surface), brain, salivary glands and skin 0.01 aRemainder tissues are adrenals, extrathoracic region, gall bladder, heart, kidneys......

Akira Endo; Nina Petoussi-Henss; Maria Zankl; Wesley E. Bolch; Keith F. Eckerman; Nolan E. Hertel; John G. Hunt; Maurizio Pelliccioni; Helmut Schlattl; Hans-Georg Menzel

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Cytarabine Dose for Acute Myeloid Leukemia  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...of two induction cycles with a first cycle of standard-dose cytarabine and a second cycle of intermediate-dose cytarabine and a third and final consolidation cycle without cytarabine. The HOVONSAKK treatment approach served as control treatment in the current phase 3 study and generated 5-year survival... Cytarabine has been one of the cornerstone drugs in the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) for more than three decades.1 It was initially used in remission-induction therapy at a dose of 100 to 200 mg per square meter of body-surface area. From ...

Lwenberg B.; Pabst T.; Vellenga E.

2011-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

298

APPENDIX Q RULE IMPACT STATEMENT Subchapter 2. Incorporation By Reference 252:100-2-3. Incorporation by reference [AMENDED] APPENDIX Q. INCORPORATION BY REFERENCE [REVOKED  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reference, and Appendix Q, to update the federal regulations incorporated by reference. As required by the Administrative Rules on Rulemaking, the existing Appendix Q will be revoked and a new Appendix Q will be adopted. These proposals are part of the annual review of Title 40, Code of Federal Regulations (40 CFR) incorporations by reference. 2. CLASSES OF PERSONS AFFECTED: The classes of persons affected are the owners and operators of facilities that are subject to the regulations incorporated by reference.

unknown authors

299

Template:ReferenceForValue | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ReferenceForValue ReferenceForValue Jump to: navigation, search This is the ReferenceForValue template. It is used by forms to assign a references to values supplied in the form. This template will generate the additional form field necessary to collect the reference information for the provided form field. Parameters Fieldname - The name of the form field containing the value to be referenced. Note: Parameters can be called in numerical order, or using parameter name. Dependencies Widget:ShowRefFieldsButton - Necessary to toggle the display of the reference fields, which are hidden by default. Usage Use within a form construct like this: {{ReferenceForValue|MyField}} to create a field called "Reference for MyField" which will collect a reference and apply it to the form's template as |ReferenceForMyField=

300

Linearization of dose-response curve of the radiochromic film dosimetry system  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Despite numerous advantages of radiochromic film dosimeter (high spatial resolution, near tissue equivalence, low energy dependence) to measure a relative dose distribution with film, one needs to first measure an absolute dose (following previously established reference dosimetry protocol) and then convert measured absolute dose values into relative doses. In this work, we present result of our efforts to obtain a functional form that would linearize the inherently nonlinear dose-response curve of the radiochromic film dosimetry system. Methods: Functional form [{zeta}= (-1){center_dot}netOD{sup (2/3)}/ln(netOD)] was derived from calibration curves of various previously established radiochromic film dosimetry systems. In order to test the invariance of the proposed functional form with respect to the film model used we tested it with three different GAFCHROMIC Trade-Mark-Sign film models (EBT, EBT2, and EBT3) irradiated to various doses and scanned on a same scanner. For one of the film models (EBT2), we tested the invariance of the functional form to the scanner model used by scanning irradiated film pieces with three different flatbed scanner models (Epson V700, 1680, and 10000XL). To test our hypothesis that the proposed functional argument linearizes the response of the radiochromic film dosimetry system, verification tests have been performed in clinical applications: percent depth dose measurements, IMRT quality assurance (QA), and brachytherapy QA. Results: Obtained R{sup 2} values indicate that the choice of the functional form of the new argument appropriately linearizes the dose response of the radiochromic film dosimetry system we used. The linear behavior was insensitive to both film model and flatbed scanner model used. Measured PDD values using the green channel response of the GAFCHROMIC Trade-Mark-Sign EBT3 film model are well within {+-}2% window of the local relative dose value when compared to the tabulated Cobalt-60 data. It was also found that criteria of 3%/3 mm for an IMRT QA plan and 3%/2 mm for a brachytherapy QA plan are passing 95% gamma function points. Conclusions: In this paper, we demonstrate the use of functional argument to linearize the inherently nonlinear response of a radiochromic film based reference dosimetry system. In this way, relative dosimetry can be conveniently performed using radiochromic film dosimetry system without the need of establishing calibration curve.

Devic, Slobodan; Tomic, Nada; Aldelaijan, Saad; DeBlois, Francois; Seuntjens, Jan; Chan, Maria F.; Lewis, Dave [Medical Physics Unit, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec H3G 1A4 (Canada) and Department of Radiation Oncology, SMBD Jewish General Hospital, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec H3T 1E2 (Canada); Executive Administration for Radiation Protection and Safety Medical Devices Sector, Saudi Food and Drug Authority, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia 13312 (Saudi Arabia); Medical Physics Unit, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec H3G 1A4 (Canada) and Department of Radiation Oncology, SMBD Jewish General Hospital, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec H3T 1E2 (Canada); Medical Physics Unit, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec H3G 1A4 (Canada); Department of Medical Physics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center Basking Ridge, New Jersey 07920 (United States); Ashland Inc., Wayne, New Jersey 07470 (United States)

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rfd reference dose" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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301

Department of Energy Construction Safety Reference Guide  

SciTech Connect

DOE has adopted the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) regulations Title 29 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) 1926 ``Safety and Health Regulations for Construction,`` and related parts of 29 CFR 1910, ``Occupational Safety and Health Standards.`` This nonmandatory reference guide is based on these OSHA regulations and, where appropriate, incorporates additional standards, codes, directives, and work practices that are recognized and accepted by DOE and the construction industry. It covers excavation, scaffolding, electricity, fire, signs/barricades, cranes/hoists/conveyors, hand and power tools, concrete/masonry, stairways/ladders, welding/cutting, motor vehicles/mechanical equipment, demolition, materials, blasting, steel erection, etc.

Not Available

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

1993 Solid Waste Reference Forecast Summary  

SciTech Connect

This report, which updates WHC-EP-0567, 1992 Solid Waste Reference Forecast Summary, (WHC 1992) forecasts the volumes of solid wastes to be generated or received at the US Department of Energy Hanford Site during the 30-year period from FY 1993 through FY 2022. The data used in this document were collected from Westinghouse Hanford Company forecasts as well as from surveys of waste generators at other US Department of Energy sites who are now shipping or plan to ship solid wastes to the Hanford Site for disposal. These wastes include low-level and low-level mixed waste, transuranic and transuranic mixed waste, and nonradioactive hazardous waste.

Valero, O.J.; Blackburn, C.L. [Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States); Kaae, P.S.; Armacost, L.L.; Garrett, S.M.K. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project monthly report  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction MDR) Project is to estimate the radiation doses that individuals and populations could have received from nuclear operations at Hanford since 1944. The TSP consists of experts in envirorunental pathways. epidemiology, surface-water transport, ground-water transport, statistics, demography, agriculture, meteorology, nuclear engineering. radiation dosimetry. and cultural anthropology. Included are appointed members representing the states of Oregon, Washington, and Idaho, a representative of Native American tribes, and an individual representing the public. The project is divided into the following technical tasks. These tasks correspond to the path radionuclides followed from release to impact on humans (dose estimates): Source Terms; Environmental Transport; Environmental Monitoring Data Demography, Food Consumption, and Agriculture; and Environmental Pathways and Dose Estimates.

McMakin, A.H., Cannon, S.D.; Finch, S.M. (comps.) [comps.

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Dental orthopantomography: survey of patient dose  

SciTech Connect

Absorbed dose to specific regions of the head and neck during dental orthopantomography with various commercial units was assessed using a Rando ''standard man'' phantom and TLD-100 LiF dosimeters. Relevance to patient protection is discussed.

Bartolotta, A.; Calenda, E.; Calicchia, A.; Indovina, P.L.

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Generic Argillite/Shale Disposal Reference Case  

SciTech Connect

Radioactive waste disposal in a deep subsurface repository hosted in clay/shale/argillite is a subject of widespread interest given the desirable isolation properties, geochemically reduced conditions, and widespread geologic occurrence of this rock type (Hansen 2010; Bianchi et al. 2013). Bianchi et al. (2013) provides a description of diffusion in a clay-hosted repository based on single-phase flow and full saturation using parametric data from documented studies in Europe (e.g., ANDRA 2005). The predominance of diffusive transport and sorption phenomena in this clay media are key attributes to impede radionuclide mobility making clay rock formations target sites for disposal of high-level radioactive waste. The reports by Hansen et al. (2010) and those from numerous studies in clay-hosted underground research laboratories (URLs) in Belgium, France and Switzerland outline the extensive scientific knowledge obtained to assess long-term clay/shale/argillite repository isolation performance of nuclear waste. In the past several years under the UFDC, various kinds of models have been developed for argillite repository to demonstrate the model capability, understand the spatial and temporal alteration of the repository, and evaluate different scenarios. These models include the coupled Thermal-Hydrological-Mechanical (THM) and Thermal-Hydrological-Mechanical-Chemical (THMC) models (e.g. Liu et al. 2013; Rutqvist et al. 2014a, Zheng et al. 2014a) that focus on THMC processes in the Engineered Barrier System (EBS) bentonite and argillite host hock, the large scale hydrogeologic model (Bianchi et al. 2014) that investigates the hydraulic connection between an emplacement drift and surrounding hydrogeological units, and Disposal Systems Evaluation Framework (DSEF) models (Greenberg et al. 2013) that evaluate thermal evolution in the host rock approximated as a thermal conduction process to facilitate the analysis of design options. However, the assumptions and the properties (parameters) used in these models are different, which not only make inter-model comparisons difficult, but also compromise the applicability of the lessons learned from one model to another model. The establishment of a reference case would therefore be helpful to set up a baseline for model development. A generic salt repository reference case was developed in Freeze et al. (2013) and the generic argillite repository reference case is presented in this report. The definition of a reference case requires the characterization of the waste inventory, waste form, waste package, repository layout, EBS backfill, host rock, and biosphere. This report mainly documents the processes in EBS bentonite and host rock that are potentially important for performance assessment and properties that are needed to describe these processes, with brief description other components such as waste inventory, waste form, waste package, repository layout, aquifer, and biosphere. A thorough description of the generic argillite repository reference case will be given in Jov Colon et al. (2014).

Zheng, Liange; Jov& #233; Colon, Carlos; Bianchi, Marco; Birkholzer, Jens

2014-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

306

Determination of prescription dose for Cs-131 permanent implants using the BED formalism including resensitization correction  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: The current widely used biological equivalent dose (BED) formalism for permanent implants is based on the linear-quadratic model that includes cell repair and repopulation but not resensitization (redistribution and reoxygenation). The authors propose a BED formalism that includes all the four biological effects (4Rs), and the authors propose how it can be used to calculate appropriate prescription doses for permanent implants with Cs-131. Methods: A resensitization correction was added to the BED calculation for permanent implants to account for 4Rs. Using the same BED, the prescription doses with Au-198, I-125, and Pd-103 were converted to the isoeffective Cs-131 prescription doses. The conversion factor F, ratio of the Cs-131 dose to the equivalent dose with the other reference isotope (F{sub r}: with resensitization, F{sub n}: without resensitization), was thus derived and used for actual prescription. Different values of biological parameters such as ?, ?, and relative biological effectiveness for different types of tumors were used for the calculation. Results: Prescription doses with I-125, Pd-103, and Au-198 ranging from 10 to 160 Gy were converted into prescription doses with Cs-131. The difference in dose conversion factors with (F{sub r}) and without (F{sub n}) resensitization was significant but varied with different isotopes and different types of tumors. The conversion factors also varied with different doses. For I-125, the average values of F{sub r}/F{sub n} were 0.51/0.46, for fast growing tumors, and 0.88/0.77 for slow growing tumors. For Pd-103, the average values of F{sub r}/F{sub n} were 1.25/1.15 for fast growing tumors, and 1.28/1.22 for slow growing tumors. For Au-198, the average values of F{sub r}/F{sub n} were 1.08/1.25 for fast growing tumors, and 1.00/1.06 for slow growing tumors. Using the biological parameters for the HeLa/C4-I cells, the averaged value of F{sub r} was 1.07/1.11 (rounded to 1.1), and the averaged value of F{sub n} was 1.75/1.18. F{sub r} of 1.1 has been applied to gynecological cancer implants with expected acute reactions and outcomes as expected based on extensive experience with permanent implants. The calculation also gave the average Cs-131 dose of 126 Gy converted from the I-125 dose of 144 Gy for prostate implants. Conclusions: Inclusion of an allowance for resensitization led to significant dose corrections for Cs-131 permanent implants, and should be applied to prescription dose calculation. The adjustment of the Cs-131 prescription doses with resensitization correction for gynecological permanent implants was consistent with clinical experience and observations. However, the Cs-131 prescription doses converted from other implant doses can be further adjusted based on new experimental results, clinical observations, and clinical outcomes.

Luo, Wei, E-mail: wei.luo@uky.edu; Molloy, Janelle; Aryal, Prakash; Feddock, Jonathan; Randall, Marcus [Department of Radiation Medicine, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40536 (United States)] [Department of Radiation Medicine, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40536 (United States)

2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

307

Air pathway report: Phase I of the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project  

SciTech Connect

Phase 1 of the air-pathway portion of the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction (HEDR) Project sought to determine whether dose estimates could be calculated for populations in the 10 counties nearest the Hanford Site from atmospheric releases of iodine-131 from the site from 1944--1947. Phase 1 demonstrated the following: HEDR-calculated source-term estimates of iodine-131 releases to the atmosphere were within 20% of previously published estimates; calculated vegetation concentrations of iodine-131 agree well with previously published measurements; the highest of the Phase 1 preliminary dose estimates to the thyroid are consistent with independent, previously published estimates of doses to maximally exposed individuals; and, relatively crude, previously published measurements of thyroid burdens for Hanford workers are in the range of average burdens that the HEDR model estimated for similar reference individuals'' for the period 1944--1947. Preliminary median dose estimates summed over the year 1945--1947 for the primary pathway, air-pasture-cow-milk-thyroid, ranged from low median values of 0.006 rad for upwind adults who obtained milk from backyard cows not on pasture to high median values of 68.0 rad for downwind infants who drank milk from pasture-fed cows. Extremes of the estimated range are a low of essentially zero to upwind adults and a high of almost 3000 rem to downwind infants. 37 refs., 37 figs., 2 tabs.

Not Available

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

85Kr management trade-offs: a perspective to total radiation dose commitment  

SciTech Connect

Radiological consequences arising from the trade-offs for /sup 85/Kr waste management from possible nuclear fuel resource recovery activities have been investigated. The reference management technique is to release all the waste gas to the atmosphere where it is diluted and dispersed. A potential alternative is to collect, concentrate, package and submit the gas to long-term storage. This study compares the radiation dose commitment to the public and to the occupationally exposed work force from these alternatives. The results indicate that it makes little difference to the magnitude of the world population dose whether /sup 85/Kr is captured and stored or chronically released to the environment. Further, comparisons of radiation exposures (for the purpose of estimating health effects) at very low dose rates to very large populations with exposures to a small number of occupationally exposed workers who each receive much higher dose rates may be misleading. Finally, cost studies (EPA 1976 and DOE 1979a) show that inordinate amounts of money will be required to lower this already extremely small 80-year cumulative world population dose of 0.05 mrem/person (<0.001% of natural background radiation for the same time period).

Mellinger, P.J.; Hoenes, G.R.; Brackenbush, L.W.; Greenborg, J.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Estimation of children's radiation dose from cardiac catheterisations, performed for the  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Entrance surface radiation doses were measured with thermoluminescent dosimeters for 98 children who were referred to a cardiology department for the diagnosis or the treatment of a congenital heart disease. Additionally, all the radiographic parameters were recorded and Monte Carlo simulations were performed for the estimation of entrance surface dose to effective dose conversion factors, in order to further calculate the effective dose for each child. For diagnostic catheterisations the values ranged from 0.16 to 14.44mSv, with average 3.71mSv, and for therapeutic catheterisations the values ranged from 0.38 to 25.01mSv, with average value 5mSv. Effective doses were estimated for diagnostic procedures and interventional procedures performed for the treatment of five different heart diseases: (a)atrial septal defect (ASD), (b)ventricular septal defect (VSD), (c)patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), (d)aorta coarctation and (e)pulmonary stenosis. The high levels of radiation exposure are, however, balanced with the advantages of cardiac catheterisations such as the avoidance of surgical closure and the necessity of shorter or even nohospitalisation.

E N Yakoumakis; G I Gialousis; Despina Papadopoulou; Triantafillia Makri; Zografia Pappouli; Nikolaos Yakoumakis; Panayotis Papagiannis; Evangelos Georgiou

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Low-Dose/Dose-Rate Low-LET Radiation Protects Us from Cancer  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dose/Dose-Rate Low-LET Radiation Protects Us from Cancer Dose/Dose-Rate Low-LET Radiation Protects Us from Cancer Bobby R. Scott, Ph.D. and Jennifer D. Di Palma Lovelace Respiratory Research Institute, 2425 Ridgecrest Drive SE Albuquerque, NM 87108 USA Life on earth evolved in a low-level ionizing radiation environment comprised of terrestrial radiation and cosmic rays. Today we all reside in an ionizing radiation environment comprised of both natural background radiation and radiation from human activities (e.g., Chernobyl accident). An evolutionary benefit of the interaction of low-level, low linear-energy-transfer (LET) ionizing radiation with mammalian life forms on earth is adapted protection. Adapted protection involves low-dose/dose-rate, low-LET radiation induced high-fidelity DNA repair in cooperation with normal apoptosis (presumed p53

311

External dose-rate conversion factors for calculation of dose to the public  

SciTech Connect

This report presents a tabulation of dose-rate conversion factors for external exposure to photons and electrons emitted by radionuclides in the environment. This report was prepared in conjunction with criteria for limiting dose equivalents to members of the public from operations of the US Department of Energy (DOE). The dose-rate conversion factors are provided for use by the DOE and its contractors in performing calculations of external dose equivalents to members of the public. The dose-rate conversion factors for external exposure to photons and electrons presented in this report are based on a methodology developed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. However, some adjustments of the previously documented methodology have been made in obtaining the dose-rate conversion factors in this report. 42 refs., 1 fig., 4 tabs.

Not Available

1988-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Oligonucleotide microarray analysis of low-dose ionizing radiation exposure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...health risk due to low-dose ionizing radiation is still debated. Functional...pathways that are induced by ionizing irradiation (IR...transcriptionally regulated by low-dose IR in occupationally...and showed different ranges of accumulated doses...

Paola Silingardi; Elena Morandi; Cinzia Severini; Daniele Quercioli; Monica Vaccari; Wolfango Horn; Maria Concetta Nucci; Vittorio Lodi; Francesco Violante; Sandro Grilli; and Annmaria Colacci

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Technology, safety and costs of decommissioning a reference pressurized water reactor power station: Technical support for decommissioning matters related to preparation of the final decommissioning rule  

SciTech Connect

Preparation of the final Decommissioning Rule by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) staff has been assisted by Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) staff familiar with decommissioning matters. These efforts have included updating previous cost estimates developed during the series of studies on conceptually decommissioning reference licensed nuclear facilities for inclusion in the Final Generic Environmental Impact Statement (FGEIS) on decommissioning; documenting the cost updates; evaluating the cost and dose impacts of post-TMI-2 backfits on decommissioning; developing a revised scaling formula for estimating decommissioning costs for reactor plants different in size from the reference pressurized water reactor (PWR) described in the earlier study; defining a formula for adjusting current cost estimates to reflect future escalation in labor, materials, and waste disposal costs; and completing a study of recent PWR steam generator replacements to determine realistic estimates for time, costs and doses associated with steam generator removal during decommissioning. This report presents the results of recent PNL studies to provide supporting information in four areas concerning decommissioning of the reference PWR: updating the previous cost estimates to January 1986 dollars; assessing the cost and dose impacts of post-TMI-2 backfits; assessing the cost and dose impacts of recent steam generator replacements; and developing a scaling formula for plants different in size than the reference plant and an escalation formula for adjusting current cost estimates for future escalation.

Konzek, G.J.; Smith, R.I.

1988-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Comparison of radiological dose pathways for tank farm accidents  

SciTech Connect

This calculation note documents an evaluation of the doses from submersion and ground shine due to a release of tank farm radioactive materials, and a comparison of these doses to the doses from inhalation of the materials. The submersion and ground shine doses are insignificant compared to the inhalation doses. The doses from resuspension are also shown to be negligible for the tank farm analysis conditions.

Van Keuren, J.C.

1996-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

315

Estimating Radiation Risk from Total Effective Dose Equivalent...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

and UNSCEAR 1988 in Radiation Risk Assessment - Lifetime Total Cancer Mortality Risk Estimates at Low Doses and Low Dose Rates for Low-LET Radiation, Committee on Interagency...

316

Approach for calculating population doses using the CIDER computer code  

SciTech Connect

This report describes an approach for calculating radiation doses for the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project. The approach utilizes the CIDER computer code.

Shipler, D.B.

1993-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

317

Annual Energy Outlook 2011 Reference Case  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Center for Strategic and International Studies Center for Strategic and International Studies Howard Gruenspecht, Acting Administrator September 19, 2011 | Washington, DC International Energy Outlook 2011 Key findings in the IEO2011 Reference case 2 Howard Gruenspecht CSIS, September 19, 2011 * World energy consumption increases by 53% between 2008 and 2035 with half of the increase attributed to China and India * Renewables are the world's fastest-growing energy source, at 2.8% per year; renewables share of world energy grows to roughly 15% in 2035 * Fossil fuels continue to supply almost 80% of world energy use in 2035 * Liquid fuels remain the largest energy source worldwide through 2035, but the oil share of total energy declines to 28% in 2035, as sustained high oil prices dampen demand and encourage fuel

318

ACAA fly ash basics: quick reference card  

SciTech Connect

Fly ash is a fine powdery material created when coal is burned to generate electricity. Before escaping into the environment via the utility stacks, the ash is collected and may be stored for beneficial uses or disposed of, if necessary. The use of fly ash provides environmental benefits, such as the conservation of natural resources, the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and eliminating the needed for ash disposal in landfills. It is also a valuable mineral resource that is used in construction and manufacturing. Fly ash is used in the production of Portland cement, concrete, mortars and stuccos, manufactured aggregates along with various agricultural applications. As mineral filler, fly ash can be used for paints, shingles, carpet backing, plastics, metal castings and other purposes. This quick reference card is intended to provide the reader basic source, identification and composition, information specifically related to fly ash.

NONE

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

Toward Dose Optimization for Fractionated Stereotactic Radiotherapy for Acoustic Neuromas: Comparison of Two Dose Cohorts  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To describe our initial experience of fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy dose reduction comparing two dose cohorts with examination of tumor control rates and serviceable hearing preservation rates. Methods and Materials: After institutional review board approval, we initiated a retrospective chart review to study the hearing outcomes and tumor control rates. All data were entered into a JMP, version 7.01, statistical spreadsheet for analysis. Results: A total of 89 patients with serviceable hearing had complete serial audiometric data available for analysis. The higher dose cohort included 43 patients treated to 50.4 Gy with a median follow-up (latest audiogram) of 53 weeks and the lower dose cohort included 46 patients treated to 46.8 Gy with a median follow-up of 65 weeks. The tumor control rate was 100% in both cohorts, and the pure tone average was significantly improved in the low-dose cohort (33 dB vs. 40 dB, p = 0.023, chi-square). When the patient data were analyzed at comparable follow-up points, the actuarial hearing preservation rate was significantly longer for the low-dose cohort than for the high-dose cohort (165 weeks vs. 79 weeks, p = .0318, log-rank). Multivariate analysis revealed the dose cohort (p = 0.0282) and pretreatment Gardner-Robertson class (p = 0.0215) to be highly significant variables affecting the hearing outcome. Conclusion: A lower total dose at 46.8 Gy was associated with a 100% local control tumor rate and a greater hearing preservation rate. An additional dose reduction is justified to achieve the optimal dose that will yield the greatest hearing preservation rate without compromising tumor control for these patients.

Andrews, David W. [Department of Neurologic Surgery, Thomas Jefferson University (United States)], E-mail: david.andrews@jefferson.edu; Werner-Wasik, Maria; Den, Robert B. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Thomas Jefferson University (United States); Paek, Sun Ha [Department of Neurosurgery, Seoul National University (Korea, Republic of); Downes-Phillips, Beverly [Department of Neurologic Surgery, Thomas Jefferson University (United States); Willcox, Thomas O. [Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Thomas Jefferson University (United States); Bednarz, Greg; Maltenfort, Mitchel; Evans, James J. [Department of Neurologic Surgery, Thomas Jefferson University (United States); Curran, Walter J. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Thomas Jefferson University (United States)

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Renewable Energy Monitoring Evaluation Terms of Reference | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Renewable Energy Monitoring Evaluation Terms of Reference Renewable Energy Monitoring Evaluation Terms of Reference Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Renewable Energy Monitoring Evaluation Terms of Reference Agency/Company /Organization: World Bank Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Policies/deployment programs Website: web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/TOPICS/EXTENERGY2/EXTRENENERGYTK/0,, References: Renewable Energy Monitoring Evaluation Terms of Reference[1] Resources Design of a Monitoring and Evaluation Plan Audit of Solar Home Systems Project Mid-term Review Panel for Solar Home Systems Project Socio-Economic Survey of the Photovoltaic Pilot Project References ↑ "Renewable Energy Monitoring Evaluation Terms of Reference" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Renewable_Energy_Monitoring_Evaluation_Terms_of_Reference&oldid=329154"

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rfd reference dose" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

EIA - Reference Case Projection Tables 1990-2030  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Tables (1990-2030) Tables (1990-2030) International Energy Outlook 2006 Reference Case Projections Tables (1990-2030) Formats Data Table Titles (1 to 14 complete) Reference Case Projections Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Reference Case Projections Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table A1 World Total Primary Energy Consumption by Region, Reference Case Reference Case Projections Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Reference Case Projections Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table A2 World Total Energy Consumption by Region and Fuel, Reference Case Reference Case Projections Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800.

322

FAQS Reference Guide - Aviation Safety Officer | Department of...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Safety Officer FAQS Reference Guide - Aviation Safety Officer This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the January 2010 edition of DOE-STD-1164-2003 Chg 1,...

323

Reference A. Khosla, N. Jayadevaprakash, B. Yao and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

similar appearance Reference image: Chihuahua Chihuahua Chihuahua Chihuahua Whippet Toy Terrier West Highland Terrier Different Appearance Chihuahua Toy Terrier

Oliva, Aude

324

C Reference Card (ANSI) Program Structure/Functions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

C Reference Card (ANSI) Program Structure/Functions type fnc(type1,. . . ) function declarations: statement } ANSI Standard Libraries

Glykos, Nikolaos

325

A methodology for TLD postal dosimetry audit of high-energy radiotherapy photon beams in non-reference conditions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Background and purpose A strategy for national TLD audit programmes has been developed by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). It involves progression through three sequential dosimetry audit steps. The first step audits are for the beam output in reference conditions for high-energy photon beams. The second step audits are for the dose in reference and non-reference conditions on the beam axis for photon and electron beams. The third step audits involve measurements of the dose in reference, and non-reference conditions off-axis for open and wedged symmetric and asymmetric fields for photon beams. Through a co-ordinated research project the IAEA developed the methodology to extend the scope of national TLD auditing activities to more complex audit measurements for regular fields. Materials and methods Based on the IAEA standard TLD holder for high-energy photon beams, a TLD holder was developed with horizontal arm to enable measurements 5cm off the central axis. Basic correction factors were determined for the holder in the energy range between Co-60 and 25MV photon beams. Results New procedures were developed for the TLD irradiation in hospitals. The off-axis measurement methodology for photon beams was tested in a multi-national pilot study. The statistical distribution of dosimetric parameters (off-axis ratios for open and wedge beam profiles, output factors, wedge transmission factors) checked in 146 measurements was 0.9990.012. Conclusions The methodology of TLD audits in non-reference conditions with a modified IAEA TLD holder has been shown to be feasible.

Joanna I?ewska; Dietmar Georg; Pranabes Bera; David Thwaites; Mehenna Arib; Margarita Saravi; Katia Sergieva; Kaibao Li; Fernando Garcia Yip; Ashok Kumar Mahant; Wojciech Bulski

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Dose dependence and dose-rate dependence of the optically stimulated luminescence signal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

has been seen for a certain dose-rate range. The similarities and dissimilarities of OSL as compared of a solid sample, usually by ionizing radiation during which time, energy is absorbed in the sample. In TLDose dependence and dose-rate dependence of the optically stimulated luminescence signal R. Chena

Chen, Reuven

327

Low Dose Radiation Research Program: Research Institutions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Institutions Institutions Lovelace Respiratory Research Institute Biological Bases for Radiation Adaptive Responses in the Lung-Lovelace Respiratory Research Institute, Albuquerque, NM USA Contact: Dr. Bobby R. Scott Program Objective Our research focuses on elucidating the biological bases for radiation adaptive responses in the lung and for suppressing lung cancer, and to use the knowledge gained to produce an improved systems-biology-based, risk model for lung cancer induction by low-dose, low linear-energy-transfer (LET) radiation. Research was initiated in October 2009. This research should help foster a new era of low-dose radiation risk/benefit assessment. It will have important implications for possible use of low-dose diagnostic radiation (e.g., X-rays) in cancer therapy. It

328

Generating and Interpreting Referring Expressions in Dustin Arthur Smith  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Generating and Interpreting Referring Expressions in Context by Dustin Arthur Smith B.S., Wake Referring Expressions in Context by Dustin Arthur Smith Submitted to the Program of Media Arts and Sciences, MIT Media Lab #12;Generating and Interpreting Referring Expressions in Context by Dustin Arthur Smith

329

On the Intrinsic Locality Properties of Web Reference Streams  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On the Intrinsic Locality Properties of Web Reference Streams Rodrigo Fonseca Virg´ilio Almeida in the study of Web reference streams: sequences of requests for Web objects. In particular, many studies have into the nature of reference stream transformations in the Web. I. INTRODUCTION Considerable effort has gone

Keinan, Alon

330

RECENT REFERENCES: JANUARY 1, 2005 TO DECEMBER 31, 2005  

SciTech Connect

This document lists experimental references added to Nuclear Science References (NSR) during the period January 1, 2005 to December 31, 2005. The first section lists keynumbers and keywords sorted by mass and nuclide. The second section lists all references, ordered by keynumber.

WINCHELL, D.F.

2005-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

331

Magnetic Resonance Imaging-Based Radiation-Absorbed Dose Estimation of 166Ho Microspheres in Liver Radioembolization  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Purpose To investigate the potential of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for accurate assessment of the three-dimensional 166Ho activity distribution to estimate radiation-absorbed dose distributions in 166Ho-loaded poly (L-lactic acid) microsphere (166Ho-PLLA-MS) liver radioembolization. Methods and Materials MRI, computed tomography (CT), and single photon emission CT (SPECT) experiments were conducted on an anthropomorphic gel phantom with tumor-simulating gel samples and on an excised human tumor-bearing liver, both containing known amounts of 166Ho-PLLA-MS. Three-dimensional radiation-absorbed dose distributions were estimated at the voxel level by convolving the 166Ho activity distribution, derived from quantitative MRI data, with a 166Ho dose point-kernel generated by MCNP (Monte Carlo N-Particle transport code) and from Medical Internal Radiation Dose Pamphlet 17. MRI-based radiation-absorbed dose distributions were qualitatively compared with CT and autoradiography images and quantitatively compared with SPECT-based dose distributions. Both MRI- and SPECT-based activity estimations were validated against dose calibrator measurements. Results Evaluation on an anthropomorphic phantom showed that MRI enables accurate assessment of local 166Ho-PLLA-MS mass and activity distributions, as supported by a regression coefficient of 1.05 and a correlation coefficient of 0.99, relating local MRI-based mass and activity calculations to reference values obtained with a dose calibrator. Estimated MRI-based radiation-absorbed dose distributions of 166Ho-PLLA-MS in an exvivo human liver visually showed high correspondence to SPECT-based radiation-absorbed dose distributions. Quantitative analysis revealed that the differences in local and total amounts of 166Ho-PLLA-MS estimated by MRI, SPECT, and the dose calibrator were within 10%. Excellent agreement was observed between MRI- and SPECT-based dosevolume histograms. Conclusions Quantitative MRI was demonstrated to provide accurate three-dimensional 166Ho-PLLA-MS activity distributions, enabling localized intrahepatic radiation-absorbed dose estimation by convolution with a 166Ho dose point-kernel for liver radioembolization treatment optimization and evaluation.

Peter R. Seevinck; Gerrit H. van de Maat; Tim C. de Wit; Maarten A.D. Vente; Johannes F.W. Nijsen; Chris J.G. Bakker

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Cell cycle responses to low-dose ionizing radiation.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...47, 2006] 5178 Low-dose hyper-radiosensitivity...radiosensitivity of cells to doses of ionizing radiation less than 0.5 Gy...connection between low-dose HRS survival, Ataxia...the low dose radiation range (0-1 Gy). MR4 cells...

Sarah A. Krueger; George D. Wilson; Michael C. Joiner; and Brian Marples

2006-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

333

Functional proteomic pattern identification under low dose ionizing radiation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Objective: High dose radiation has been well known for increasing the risk of carcinogenesis. However, the understanding of biological effects of low dose radiation is limited. Low dose radiation is reported to affect several signaling pathways including ... Keywords: Feature selection, Jumping emerging identification, Low dose radiation, Proteomic signaling patterns

Young Bun Kim; Chin-Rang Yang; Jean Gao

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

TECHNICAL NOTE Measurement of radiotherapy superficial X-ray dose  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-rays; Dosimetry; Radiochromic film; Radiation; Surface dose Abstract Accurate measurement and knowledge of dose mm of depth. Baker et al. [3] produced empirical models to estimate absorbed dose be- hind eye shields. This theory produces a simple yet effective tool for estimation of dose under an eye shield

Yu, K.N.

335

Thermoelectric standardisation - Reference materials and characterisation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Thermoelectric materials for working temperatures between 300 K and 1000 K become continuously more important for energy recuperation applications. The efficiency is determined by the transport properties (electrical and thermal conductivity and Seebeck coefficient) which form the known thermoelectric figure of merit ZT. The thorough determination of ZT represents the basis for the assessment of thermoelectric materials research. Due to different continuing difficulties measurement errors distinctly higher than 15% can be observed repeatedly which is still too high for an industrial benchmark and deficient for many scientific investigations and technological developments. Against this background a project was launched in 2011 together with the Fraunhofer Institute of Physical Measurement Techniques (IPM Freiburg) the Department Temperature of the Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB Berlin) and the company Netzsch Gertebau GbmH (Selb). The aim of the project "Thermoelectric Standardisation" (TEST) is to minimise the measurement uncertainties and to develop traceable high-accurate thermoelectric characterisation techniques and thermoelectric reference materials for the mentioned temperature range. Here we initially present the project to the thermoelectric society and want to give a survey on the planned activities and the current status of the contributions of the German Aerospace Center (DLR Cologne).

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

SPD SEIS References for Appendix D | National Nuclear Security...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Agency), 1988, Limiting Values of Radionuclide Intake And Air Concentration and Dose Conversion Factors For Inhalation, Submersion, And Ingestion, Federal Guidance Report No. 11,...

337

Development of Real-Time Measurement of Effective Dose for High Dose Rate Neutron Fields  

SciTech Connect

Studies of the effects of low doses of ionizing radiation require sources of radiation which are well characterized in terms of the dose and the quality of the radiation. One of the best measures of the quality of neutron irradiation is the dose mean lineal energy. At very low dose rates this can be determined by measuring individual energy deposition events, and calculating the dose mean of the event size. However, at the dose rates that are normally required for biology experiments, the individual events can not be separated by radiation detectors. However, the total energy deposited in a specified time interval can be measured. This total energy has a random variation which depends on the size of the individual events, so the dose mean lineal energy can be calculated from the variance of repeated measurements of the energy deposited in a fixed time. We have developed a specialized charge integration circuit for the measurement of the charge produced in a small ion chamber in typical neutron irradiation experiments. We have also developed 4.3 mm diameter ion chambers with both tissue equivalent and carbon walls for the purpose of measuring dose mean lineal energy due to all radiations and due to all radiations except neutrons, respectively. By adjusting the gas pressure in the ion chamber, it can be made to simulate tissue volumes from a few nanometers to a few millimeters in diameter. The charge is integrated for 0.1 seconds, and the resulting pulse height is recorded by a multi channel analyzer. The system has been used in a variety of photon and neutron radiation fields, and measured values of dose and dose mean lineal energy are consistent with values extrapolated from measurements made by other techniques at much lower dose rates. It is expected that this technique will prove to be much more reliable than extrapolations from measurements made at low dose rates because these low dose rate exposures generally do not accurately reproduce the attenuation and scattering environment of the actual radiation exposure.

L. A. Braby; W. D. Reece; W. H. Hsu

2003-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

338

Federal Employee Training Desk Reference | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Federal Employee Training Desk Reference Federal Employee Training Desk Reference Federal Employee Training Desk Reference The DOE Federal Employee Training Desk Reference provides guidance on what is considered a training request, the approval and authorization for a training request and the allowable costs for training. The desk references also discusses the individual development plans (IDP) and the resposibilities the supervisor and employees have regarding the IDPs. Guidance on long-term and extended training is also provided. Computing the length and recording training time is also discussed. Also included in the desk reference is the integrated training management which discusses the need for a training needs assessment, the annual training plan and the annual training summary report. The desk reference also defines the

339

Desk Reference on DOE-Flex | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Desk Reference on DOE-Flex Desk Reference on DOE-Flex Desk Reference on DOE-Flex The information in this desk reference supplements DOE N 314.1, DOE-Flex: DOE's Telework Program, and the Office of Personnel Management's (OPM's) Guide to Telework in the Federal Government. The format of this desk reference follows the structure of the OPM guide, with the following exceptions: It describes one additional type of telework arrangement that applies in DOE It contains a frequently asked question section as additional guidance It contains sample forms that may be used or modified by a Departmental element as needed This desk reference replaces the Handbook on DOE-Flex, DOE's Flexiplace Program dated March 2000. The information in this desk reference should be further supplemented by a Departmental element to address local procedures.

340

Federal Employee Training Desk Reference | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Federal Employee Training Desk Reference Federal Employee Training Desk Reference Federal Employee Training Desk Reference The DOE Federal Employee Training Desk Reference provides guidance on what is considered a training request, the approval and authorization for a training request and the allowable costs for training. The desk references also discusses the individual development plans (IDP) and the resposibilities the supervisor and employees have regarding the IDPs. Guidance on long-term and extended training is also provided. Computing the length and recording training time is also discussed. Also included in the desk reference is the integrated training management which discusses the need for a training needs assessment, the annual training plan and the annual training summary report. The desk reference also defines the

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rfd reference dose" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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341

Renewable Energy Economic and Financial Analysis Terms of Reference | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Renewable Energy Economic and Financial Analysis Terms of Reference Renewable Energy Economic and Financial Analysis Terms of Reference Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Renewable Energy Economic and Financial Analysis Terms of Reference Agency/Company /Organization: World Bank Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Finance, Implementation, Market analysis Website: web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/TOPICS/EXTENERGY2/EXTRENENERGYTK/0,, References: Renewable Energy Economic and Financial Analysis Terms of Reference[1] Resources Techno-Economic Comparison of Off-grid Options -- Assessment of Household, Battery Charging and Isolated Micro-Grid Systems Economic Analysis of Solar PV Systems Component References ↑ "Renewable Energy Economic and Financial Analysis Terms of Reference" Retrieved from

342

FINAL REPORT DOSES TO THE PUBLIC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oak Ridge, Inc. 102 Donner Drive Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37830 Authors: A. Iulian Apostoaei / SENES Oak Ridge, Inc. Brian A. Thomas / SENES Oak Ridge, Inc. David C. Kocher / SENES Oak Ridge, Inc. F. Owen Hoffman / SENES Oak Ridge, Inc. July 2005 #12;Doses to the Public from Atmospheric

343

Visualization of a changing dose field.  

SciTech Connect

To help visualize the results of dose modeling for nuclear materials processing opcrations, we have developed an integrated model that uses a simple dosc calculation tool to obtain estimates of the dose field in a complex geomctry and then post-process the data to produce a video of the now time-dependent data. We generate two-dimensional radiation fields within an existing physical cnvironment and then analyze them using three-dimensional visualization techniques. The radiation fields are generated for both neutrons and photons. Standard monoenergetic diffusion theory is used to estimate the neutron dosc fields. The photon dose is estimated using a point-kernel formalism, with photon shielding effects and buildup taken into account. The radiation field dynamics are analyzed by interleaving individual 3D graphic 'snapshots' into a smoothed, lime dependent, video-based display. In-the-room workers are 'seen' in the radiation fields via a graphical, 3D fly-through rendering of the room. Worker dose levels can reveal surprising dependencies on operational source placement, source types, worker alignment, shielding alignments, and indirect operations from external workers.

Helm, T. M (Terry M.); Kornreich, D. E. (Drew E.)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

HEFTY DOSE OF VITAMINS FOR DSM  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

HEFTY DOSE OF VITAMINS FOR DSM ... FOR ROUGHLY $2.24 BILLION, DSM will buy the vitamins and fine chemicals division of Switzerland's Roche. ... With the acquisition, DSM becomes the largest worldwide supplier, by far, to the life sciences sector, overtaking Degussa, BASF, and Lonza. ...

PATRICIA SHORT

2002-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

345

8, 119, 2008 UV doses during  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ACPD 8, 1­19, 2008 UV doses during psoriasis climate therapy at Gran Canaria L. T. N. Nilsen et al climate therapy at Gran Canaria L. T. N. Nilsen et al. Title Page Abstract Introduction Conclusions climate therapy at Gran Canaria L. T. N. Nilsen et al. Title Page Abstract Introduction Conclusions

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

346

Estimating Radiological Doses to Predators Foraging in a Low-Level Radioactive Waste Management Area  

SciTech Connect

Since 1957, Los Alamos National Laboratory has operated Area G as its low-level, solid radioactive waste management and disposal area. Although the waste management area is developed, plants, small mammals, and avian and mammalian predators still occupy the less disturbed and revegetated portions of the land. For almost a decade, we have monitored the concentrations of selected radionuclides in soils, plants, and small mammals at Area G. The radionuclides tritium, plutonium-238, and plutonium-239 are regularly found at levels above regional background in all three media. Based on radionuclide concentrations in mice collected from 1994 to 1999, we calculated doses to higher trophic levels (owl, hawk, kestrel, and coyote) that forage on the waste management area. These predators play important functions in the regional ecosystems and are an important part of local Native American traditional tales that identify the uniqueness of their culture. The estimated doses are compared to Department of Energy's interim limit of 0.1 rad/day for the protection of terrestrial wildlife. We used exposure parameters that were derived from the literature for each receptor, including Environmental Protection Agency's exposure factors handbook. Estimated doses to predators ranged from 9E-06 to 2E-04 rad/day, assuming that they forage entirely on the waste management area. These doses are greater than those calculated for predators foraging exclusively in reference areas, but are still well below the interim dose limit. We believe that these calculated doses represent upper-bound estimates of exposure for local predators because the larger predators forage over areas that are much greater than the 63-acre waste management area. Based on these results, we concluded that predators foraging on this area do not face a hazard from radiological exposure under current site conditions.

L.Soholt; G.Gonzales; P.Fresquez; K.Bennett; E.Lopez

2003-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Software requirements specification for the Hanford Environmental Dose Reconstruction Project air pathway environmental accumulation and dose codes  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the general software requirements for the Hanford Reservation Dose reconstruction Project.

Not Available

1992-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

348

Reference Design Description for a Geologic Repository  

SciTech Connect

One of the current major national environmental problems is the safe disposal of large quantities of spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste materials, which are rapidly accumulating throughout the country. These radioactive byproducts are generated as the result of national defense activities and from the generation of electricity by commercial nuclear power plants. At present, spent nuclear fuel is accumulating at over 70 power plant sites distributed throughout 33 states. The safe disposal of these high-level radioactive materials at a central disposal facility is a high national priority. This Reference Design Description explains the current design for a potential geologic repository that may be located at Yucca Mountain in Nevada for the disposal of spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste materials. This document describes a possible design for the three fundamental parts of a repository: a surface facility, subsurface repository, and waste packaging. It also presents the current conceptual design of the key engineering systems for the final four phases of repository processes: operations, monitoring, closure, and postclosure. In accordance with current law, this design does not include an interim storage option. In addition, this Reference Design Description reviews the expected long-term performance of the potential repository. It describes the natural barrier system which, together with the engineered systems, achieves the repository objectives. This design will protect the public and the environment by allowing the safe disposal of radioactive waste received from government-owned custodial spent fuel sites, high-level radioactive waste sites, and commercial power reactor sites. All design elements meet or exceed applicable regulations governing the disposal of high-level radioactive waste. The design will provide safe disposal of waste materials for at least a 10,000 year period. During this time interval, natural radioactive decay of the waste materials will result in fission products that pose a minimal radiological hazard to the public afterward. For example, after 100 years, the relative hazard from the waste fission products will have diminished approximately 90 percent. After 1,000 years, the hazard will have diminished 99 percent, and after 10,000 years it will have diminished 99.9 percent. The resulting radiological hazard after 10,000 years is minimal, being of the same order of magnitude as that posed by 0.2 percent uranium ore, which is equivalent to that which was used to originally produce the nuclear fuel. Because developing such a repository is extremely complex, the design will move forward in three stages: Site Recommendation, License Application, and Construction. This document presents the design as it will be submitted in the Site Recommendation Consideration Report; the design will be updated as the design process moves forward. As more cost-effective solutions, technical advancements, or changes to requirements occur, the design may evolve. The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management is developing a system that includes this potential repository. This waste management system integrates acceptance, transportation, storage, and disposal of spent nuclear fuel and high-level radioactive waste. Acceptance and transportation will be handled by regional servicing contractors under contract to the DOE. The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission will conduct an in-depth and thorough licensing review to determine the acceptability of the proposed waste management system. Eight sections of this document follow. Section 2 discusses the design requirements for the proposed repository. Section 3 describes the physical layout of the proposed repository. Section 4 describes the evolutionary phases of the development of the proposed repository. Section 5 describes the receipt of waste. Section 6 details the various systems that will package the waste and move it below ground, as well as safety monitoring and closure. Section 7 describes the syst

NA

2000-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

349

Dose-shaping using targeted sparse optimization  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Dose volume histograms (DVHs) are common tools in radiation therapy treatment planning to characterize plan quality. As statistical metrics, DVHs provide a compact summary of the underlying plan at the cost of losing spatial information: the same or similar dose-volume histograms can arise from substantially different spatial dose maps. This is exactly the reason why physicians and physicists scrutinize dose maps even after they satisfy all DVH endpoints numerically. However, up to this point, little has been done to control spatial phenomena, such as the spatial distribution of hot spots, which has significant clinical implications. To this end, the authors propose a novel objective function that enables a more direct tradeoff between target coverage, organ-sparing, and planning target volume (PTV) homogeneity, and presents our findings from four prostate cases, a pancreas case, and a head-and-neck case to illustrate the advantages and general applicability of our method.Methods: In designing the energy minimization objective (E{sub tot}{sup sparse}), the authors utilized the following robust cost functions: (1) an asymmetric linear well function to allow differential penalties for underdose, relaxation of prescription dose, and overdose in the PTV; (2) a two-piece linear function to heavily penalize high dose and mildly penalize low and intermediate dose in organs-at risk (OARs); and (3) a total variation energy, i.e., the L{sub 1} norm applied to the first-order approximation of the dose gradient in the PTV. By minimizing a weighted sum of these robust costs, general conformity to dose prescription and dose-gradient prescription is achieved while encouraging prescription violations to follow a Laplace distribution. In contrast, conventional quadratic objectives are associated with a Gaussian distribution of violations, which is less forgiving to large violations of prescription than the Laplace distribution. As a result, the proposed objective E{sub tot}{sup sparse} improves tradeoff between planning goals by 'sacrificing' voxels that have already been violated to improve PTV coverage, PTV homogeneity, and/or OAR-sparing. In doing so, overall plan quality is increased since these large violations only arise if a net reduction in E{sub tot}{sup sparse} occurs as a result. For example, large violations to dose prescription in the PTV in E{sub tot}{sup sparse}-optimized plans will naturally localize to voxels in and around PTV-OAR overlaps where OAR-sparing may be increased without compromising target coverage. The authors compared the results of our method and the corresponding clinical plans using analyses of DVH plots, dose maps, and two quantitative metrics that quantify PTV homogeneity and overdose. These metrics do not penalize underdose since E{sub tot}{sup sparse}-optimized plans were planned such that their target coverage was similar or better than that of the clinical plans. Finally, plan deliverability was assessed with the 2D modulation index.Results: The proposed method was implemented using IBM's CPLEX optimization package (ILOG CPLEX, Sunnyvale, CA) and required 1-4 min to solve with a 12-core Intel i7 processor. In the testing procedure, the authors optimized for several points on the Pareto surface of four 7-field 6MV prostate cases that were optimized for different levels of PTV homogeneity and OAR-sparing. The generated results were compared against each other and the clinical plan by analyzing their DVH plots and dose maps. After developing intuition by planning the four prostate cases, which had relatively few tradeoffs, the authors applied our method to a 7-field 6 MV pancreas case and a 9-field 6MV head-and-neck case to test the potential impact of our method on more challenging cases. The authors found that our formulation: (1) provided excellent flexibility for balancing OAR-sparing with PTV homogeneity; and (2) permitted the dose planner more control over the evolution of the PTV's spatial dose distribution than conventional objective functions. In particular, E{sub tot}{sup sparse}-op

Sayre, George A.; Ruan, Dan [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California - Los Angeles School of Medicine, 200 Medical Plaza, Los Angeles, California 90095 (United States)

2013-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

350

Standard Test Method for Measuring Dose for Use in Linear Accelerator Pulsed Radiation Effects Tests  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1.1 This test method covers a calorimetric measurement of the total dose delivered in a single pulse of electrons from an electron linear accelerator or a flash X-ray machine (FXR, e-beam mode) used as an ionizing source in radiation-effects testing. The test method is designed for use with pulses of electrons in the energy range from 10 to 50 MeV and is only valid for cases in which both the calorimeter and the test specimen to be irradiated arethin compared to the range of these electrons in the materials of which they are constructed. 1.2 The procedure described can be used in those cases in which (1) the dose delivered in a single pulse is 5 Gy (matl) (500 rd (matl)) or greater, or (2) multiple pulses of a lower dose can be delivered in a short time compared to the thermal time constant of the calorimeter. Matl refers to the material of the calorimeter. The minimum dose per pulse that can be acceptably monitored depends on the variables of the particular test, including pulse rate, pulse uniformity...

American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Individualized 3D Reconstruction of Normal Tissue Dose for Patients With Long-term Follow-up: A Step Toward Understanding Dose Risk for Late Toxicity  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Understanding the relationship between normal tissue dose and delayed radiation toxicity is an important component of developing more effective radiation therapy. Late outcome data are generally available only for patients who have undergone 2-dimensional (2D) treatment plans. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of 3D normal tissue dosimetry derived from reconstructed 2D treatment plans in Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) patients. Methods and Materials: Three-dimensional lung, heart, and breast volumes were reconstructed from 2D planning radiographs for HL patients who received mediastinal radiation therapy. For each organ, a reference 3D organ was modified with patient-specific structural information, using deformable image processing software. Radiation therapy plans were reconstructed by applying treatment parameters obtained from patient records to the reconstructed 3D volumes. For each reconstructed organ mean dose (D{sub mean}) and volumes covered by at least 5 Gy (V{sub 5}) and 20Gy (V{sub 20}) were calculated. This process was performed for 15 patients who had both 2D and 3D planning data available to compare the reconstructed normal tissue doses with those derived from the primary CT planning data and also for 10 historically treated patients with only 2D imaging available. Results: For patients with 3D planning data, the normal tissue doses could be reconstructed accurately using 2D planning data. Median differences in D{sub mean} between reconstructed and actual plans were 0.18 Gy (lungs), -0.15 Gy (heart), and 0.30 Gy (breasts). Median difference in V{sub 5} and V{sub 20} were less than 2% for each organ. Reconstructed 3D dosimetry was substantially higher in historical mantle-field treatments than contemporary involved-field mediastinal treatments: average D{sub mean} values were 15.2 Gy vs 10.6 Gy (lungs), 27.0 Gy vs 14.3 Gy (heart), and 8.0 Gy vs 3.2 Gy (breasts). Conclusions: Three-dimensional reconstruction of absorbed dose to organs at risk can be estimated accurately many years after exposure by using limited 2D data. Compared to contemporary involved-field treatments, normal tissue doses were significantly higher in historical mantle-field treatments. These methods build capacity to quantify the relationship between 3D normal tissue dose and observed late effects.

Ng, Angela [Radiation Medicine Program, Princess Margaret Hospital, Toronto, Ontario (Canada)] [Radiation Medicine Program, Princess Margaret Hospital, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Brock, Kristy K.; Sharpe, Michael B. [Radiation Medicine Program, Princess Margaret Hospital, Toronto, Ontario (Canada) [Radiation Medicine Program, Princess Margaret Hospital, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Moseley, Joanne L. [Radiation Medicine Program, Princess Margaret Hospital, Toronto, Ontario (Canada)] [Radiation Medicine Program, Princess Margaret Hospital, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Craig, Tim [Radiation Medicine Program, Princess Margaret Hospital, Toronto, Ontario (Canada) [Radiation Medicine Program, Princess Margaret Hospital, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Hodgson, David C., E-mail: David.Hodgson@rmp.uhn.on.ca [Radiation Medicine Program, Princess Margaret Hospital, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario (Canada)

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

352

Low Dose Radiation Research Program: Effects of Low Doses of Radiation on  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Low Doses of Radiation on DNA Repair Low Doses of Radiation on DNA Repair Eric Ackerman Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Why this Project? Even low doses (0.1 Gy) exert measurable effects on DNA repair. The first-known oxidative lesion repaired only by nucleotide excision repair found in normal cells is cyclo-dA. This lesion is found in normal cells and thought to be a byproduct of oxidative metabolism. When this lesion occurs, it stimulates repair. If repair is stimulated by low dose radiation, there are some implications for human health. For example, do some individuals exhibit a greater, lower, or no stimulation to certain DNA lesions? If there are population polymorphism that influence DNA repair, then it would be possible to use our assay for screening individuals for repair sensitivity.

353

Low Dose Radiation Research Program: Effects of Low Doses of Radiation on  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Abstract Abstract Title: Effects of Low Doses of Radiation on DNA Repair (PNNL Project # 42699) Authors: Eric J. Ackerman, Ph.D. Institutions: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, WA We developed a functional assay to measure the effects of LDR on repair of many different lesions representative of those found in cells as consequences of normal oxidative metabolism, as well as those caused by radiation. Currently only 1/10th attomole =105 damaged molecules/cell and 3000 cells/measurement are required. We have found that even low doses (10 rad) exert measurable effects on DNA repair. Interestingly, the amount of DNA repair increases at 10-50 rads, plateaus, and then increases even further at higher doses well below doses where radiation-induced lethality

354

Low Dose Radiation Research Program: Low Dose Response of Respiratory Cells  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Low Dose Radiation Research Program: Low Dose Response of Respiratory Low Dose Radiation Research Program: Low Dose Response of Respiratory Cells in Intact Tissues and Reconstituted Tissue Constructs Authors: John Ford, Amy Maslowski, Alex Redd and Les Braby Institutions: Texas A&M University, College Station, TX We are developing a model of respiratory tissue using a perfusion culture system. We are using this system to quantify the effects of normal tissue architecture, and the interaction of epithelial cells with other cell types, on radiation-induced bystander effects. Tracheal tissue taken from young adult Fischer 344 rats is imbedded in a growth factor enriched agarose matrix. The chamber is designed to allow growth medium to periodically wash the epithelial surface of the tracheal lumen while maintaining the air-interface that is necessary for the normal

355

RADIATION EXPOSURE DURING PAEDIATRIC CT IN SUDAN: CT DOSE, ORGAN AND EFFECTIVE DOSES  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......research-article Paper RADIATION EXPOSURE DURING PAEDIATRIC...Energy Commission, Radiation Safety Institute, PO Box 3001...assess the magnitude of radiation exposure during paediatric...CT-Expo 2.1 dosimetry software. Doses were evaluated......

I. I. Suliman; H. M. Khamis; T. H. Ombada; K. Alzimami; M. Alkhorayef; A. Sulieman

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Calculation of extremity neutron fluence-to-dose equivalent conversion factors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) Figure 4. Comparison of NCRP 38 and Siebert and Schuhmacher quality factors. Table 2. PNNL dose equivalent averaged quality factors (Q). * Phantom Finger Wrist 30 cm ICRU sphere Composition PMMA PMMA Tissue-and-bone Tissue-and-bone PMMA PMMA... Tissue-and-bone Tissue-and-bone PM MA PMMA (???) 'Adapted from reference 53. Source Bare Cf Moderated Cf Bare Cf Moderated Cf Bare Cf Moderated Cf Bare Cf Moderated Cf Bare Cf Moderated Cf 9. 2 9. 7 9. 2 9. 7 9. 4 9. 7 9. 4 9. 7 10...

Wood-Zika, Annmarie Ruth

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Evaluation and Control of Radiation Dose to the Embryo/Fetus Guide for Use with Title 10, Code of Federal Regulations, Part 835, Occupational Radiation Protection  

Directives, Delegations, and Requirements

This Guide provides an acceptable methodology for establishing and operating a program to control fetal exposure to ionizing radiation and evaluate the resultant dose that will comply with U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) requirements specified in Title 10 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), Part 835, Occupational Radiation Protection (DOE 1998), hereinafter referred to as 10 CFR 835.

1999-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

358

Existing Commercial Reference Buildings Constructed In or After 1980 |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Existing Commercial Reference Buildings Constructed In or After Existing Commercial Reference Buildings Constructed In or After 1980 Existing Commercial Reference Buildings Constructed In or After 1980 The files on this page contain commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed in or after 1980, organized by building type and location. These U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) reference buildings are complete descriptions for whole building energy analysis. You can also return to a summary of building types and climate zones and information about other building vintages. These files are updated regularly. There are two versions of these files on this page. Version 1.3_5.0 was updated September 27, 2010 and Version 1.4_7.2 was updated November 13, 2012. You can also view related resources: an archive of past reference buildings files

359

Existing Commercial Reference Buildings Constructed Before 1980 - Archive  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Existing Commercial Reference Buildings Constructed Before 1980 - Existing Commercial Reference Buildings Constructed Before 1980 - Archive Existing Commercial Reference Buildings Constructed Before 1980 - Archive Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed before 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available. Archived Reference Buildings Building Type Version 1.2_4.0 updated 3/12/10 Large office (ZIP 2.3 MB) Medium office (ZIP 2.2 MB) Small office (ZIP 1.4 MB) Warehouse (ZIP 980 KB) Stand-alone retail (ZIP 2 MB) Strip mall (ZIP 2.3 MB) Primary school (ZIP 2.7 MB) Secondary school (ZIP 3.9 MB) Supermarket (ZIP 2.2 MB) Quick service restaurant (ZIP 1.1 MB) Full service restaurant

360

Existing Commercial Reference Buildings Constructed In or After 1980 -  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Existing Commercial Reference Buildings Constructed In or After Existing Commercial Reference Buildings Constructed In or After 1980 - Archive Existing Commercial Reference Buildings Constructed In or After 1980 - Archive Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed in or after 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available. Archived Reference Buildings Building Type Version 1.2_4.0 updated 3/12/10 Large office (ZIP 2.3 MB) Medium office (ZIP 2.2 MB) Small office (ZIP 1.4 MB) Warehouse (ZIP 980 KB) Stand-alone retail (ZIP 2 MB) Strip mall (ZIP 2.3 MB) Primary school (ZIP 2.7 MB) Secondary school (ZIP 3.9 MB) Supermarket (ZIP 2.2 MB) Quick service restaurant (ZIP 1.1 MB)

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rfd reference dose" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Low Dose Suppression of Neoplastic Transformation in Vitro  

SciTech Connect

This grant was to study the low dose suppression of neoplastic transformation in vitro and the shape of the dose-response curve at low doses and dose-rates of ionizing radiation. Previous findings had indicated a suppression of transformation at dose <10cGy of low-LET radiation when delivered at high dose-rate. The present study indicates that such suppression extends out to doses in excess of 100cGy when the dose (from I-125 photons) is delivered at dose-rates as low as 0.2 mGy/min and out to in excess of {approx}25cGy the highest dose studied at the very low dose-rate of 0.5 mGy/day. We also examined dose-rate effects for high energy protons (which are a low-LET radiation) and suppression was evident below {approx}10cGy for high dose-rate delivery and at least out to 50cGy for low dose-rate (20cGy/h) delivery. Finally, we also examined the effect of low doses of 1 GeV/n iron ions (a high-LET radiation) delivered at high dose-rate on transformation at low doses and found a suppression below {approx}10cGy that could be attributable to an adaptive response in bystander cells induced by the associated low-LET delta rays. These results have implications for cancer risk assessment at low doses.

John Leslie Redpath

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Dose reduction for snubber inspection and testing  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports that Health physics staff members at Grand Gulf Nuclear Station have implemented several dose reduction methods for snubber inspection, testing and changeout. These methods include construction maps to permit easy location of snubbers in the drywell, painting azimuth numbers on the inside drywell wall and biological shield wall to coincide with the maps, requiring pre-job briefings for quality inspectors and craft support personnel, using job history files for work planning, using experienced inspectors and craft personnel whenever possible, designating certain craft personnel solely for snubber work, and cutting out stuck snubber pins rather than attempting intact removal. The total dose for snubber-related tasks has been significantly reduced using these methods.

Morrison, G.M.; Cotton, S.R. (Entergy Operations, Inc. (US))

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Nominal Performance Biosphere Dose Conversion Factor Analysis  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this report was to document the process leading to development of the Biosphere Dose Conversion Factors (BDCFs) for the postclosure nominal performance of the potential repository at Yucca Mountain. BDCF calculations concerned twenty-four radionuclides. This selection included sixteen radionuclides that may be significant nominal performance dose contributors during the compliance period of up to 10,000 years, five additional radionuclides of importance for up to 1 million years postclosure, and three relatively short-lived radionuclides important for the human intrusion scenario. Consideration of radionuclide buildup in soil caused by previous irrigation with contaminated groundwater was taken into account in the BDCF development. The effect of climate evolution, from the current arid conditions to a wetter and cooler climate, on the BDCF values was evaluated. The analysis included consideration of different exposure pathway's contribution to the BDCFs. Calculations of nominal performance BDCFs used the GENII-S computer code in a series of probabilistic realizations to propagate the uncertainties of input parameters into the output. BDCFs for the nominal performance, when combined with the concentrations of radionuclides in groundwater allow calculation of potential radiation doses to the receptor of interest. Calculated estimates of radionuclide concentration in groundwater result from the saturated zone modeling. The integration of the biosphere modeling results (BDCFs) with the outcomes of the other component models is accomplished in the Total System Performance Assessment (TSPA) to calculate doses to the receptor of interest from radionuclides postulated to be released to the environment from the potential repository at Yucca Mountain.

Wasiolek, Maryla A.

2000-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

364

Low Dose Radiation Program: Links - Organizations Conducting Radiation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Conducting Low Dose Radiation Research Conducting Low Dose Radiation Research DOE Low Dose Radiation Research Program DoReMi Integrating Low Dose Research High Level Expert Group (HLEG) on European Low Dose Risk Research Multidisciplinary European Low Dose Initiative (MELODI) RISC-RAD Radiosensitivity of Individuals and Susceptibility to Cancer induced by Ionizing Radiation United States Transuranium & Uranium Registries Organizations Conducting other Radiation Research Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) Armed Forces Radiology Research Institute (AFRRI) Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) Center for Devices and Radiological Health (CDRH) Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry (CRIEPI) Colorado State University Columbia University

365

Prevention of Low Dose Radiation-Induced Genomic Instability with Clinically Relevant Non-Protein Thiols and Vitamin E.  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Prevention of Low Dose Radiation-Induced Genomic Instability with Clinically Relevant Prevention of Low Dose Radiation-Induced Genomic Instability with Clinically Relevant Non-Protein Thiols and Vitamin E. J.S. Murley 1 , Y. Kataoka 1 , W.F. Morgan 2 , and D.J. Grdina 1 . The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 1 , The University of Maryland Medical School, Baltimore, MD 2 Induced or delayed radioprotection is a novel phenomenon that shares many similarities with the low dose radiation-induced radiobiological phenomenon referred to as the adaptive response. Induced or delayed radioprotection is defined as an enhancement in the radiation resistance of cells at long times following their exposure to non-protein thiols (NPT) such as WR1065, the free thiol form of amifostine. This effect is the result of the induction of a cascade of intracellular

366

Multigroup neutron dose calculations for proton therapy  

SciTech Connect

We have developed tools for the preparation of coupled multigroup proton/neutron cross section libraries. Our method is to use NJOY to process evaluated nuclear data files for incident particles below 150 MeV and MCNPX to produce data for higher energies. We modified the XSEX3 program of the MCNPX code system to produce Legendre expansions of scattering matrices generated by sampling the physics models that are comparable to the output of the GROUPR routine of NJOY. Our code combines the low and high energy scattering data with user input stopping powers and energy deposition cross sections that we also calculated using MCNPX. Our code also calculates momentum transfer coefficients for the library and optionally applies an energy straggling model to the scattering cross sections and stopping powers. The motivation was initially for deterministic solution of space radiation shielding calculations using Attila, but noting that proton therapy treatment planning may neglect secondary neutron dose assessments because of difficulty and expense, we have also investigated the feasibility of multi group methods for this application. We have shown that multigroup MCNPX solutions for secondary neutron dose compare well with continuous energy solutions and are obtainable with less than half computational cost. This efficiency comparison neglects the cost of preparing the library data, but this becomes negligible when distributed over many multi group calculations. Our deterministic calculations illustrate recognized obstacles that may have to be overcome before discrete ordinates methods can be efficient alternatives for proton therapy neutron dose calculations.

Kelsey Iv, Charles T [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Prinja, Anil K [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Dose masking feature for BNCT radiotherapy planning  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system for displaying an accurate model of isodoses to be used in radiotherapy so that appropriate planning can be performed prior to actual treatment on a patient. The nature of the simulation of the radiotherapy planning for BNCT and Fast Neutron Therapy, etc., requires that the doses be computed in the entire volume. The "entire volume" includes the patient and beam geometries as well as the air spaces in between. Isodoses derived from the computed doses will therefore extend into the air regions between the patient and beam geometries and thus depict the unrealistic possibility that radiation deposition occurs in regions containing no physical media. This problem is solved by computing the doses for the entire geometry and then masking the physical and air regions along with the isodose contours superimposed over the patient image at the corresponding plane. The user is thus able to mask out (remove) the contour lines from the unwanted areas of the image by selecting the appropriate contour masking region from the raster image.

Cook, Jeremy L. (Greeley, CO); Wessol, Daniel E. (Bozeman, MT); Wheeler, Floyd J. (Idaho Falls, ID)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Designing Renewable Energy Financing Mechanism Terms of Reference | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Designing Renewable Energy Financing Mechanism Terms of Reference Designing Renewable Energy Financing Mechanism Terms of Reference (Redirected from Designing Renewable Energy Financing Mechanisms) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Designing Renewable Energy Financing Mechanisms Agency/Company /Organization: World Bank Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Finance, Implementation, Market analysis Website: web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/TOPICS/EXTENERGY2/EXTRENENERGYTK/0,, References: Designing Renewable Energy Financing Mechanisms[1] Resources Design of Micro-hydro Funding Facility and Community Mobilization Support Design of Institutional and Financial Intermediation Scheme for a Micro hydro Power Development Program Design of a Rural Energy Fund References ↑ "Designing Renewable Energy Financing Mechanisms"

369

Renewable Energy Terms of Reference: Laws, Policies and Regulations | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

form form View source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Renewable Energy Terms of Reference: Laws, Policies and Regulations Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Renewable Energy Terms of Reference: Laws, Policies and Regulations Agency/Company /Organization: World Bank Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Policies/deployment programs Website: web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/TOPICS/EXTENERGY2/EXTRENENERGYTK/0,, References: Renewable Energy Terms of Reference: Laws, Policies and Regulations[1] Resources Sustainable Service Delivery Model Through Distributed Renewable

370

October 2010, Facility Representative Qualification Standard Reference Guide  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Facility Facility Representative Qualification Standard Reference Guide OCTOBER 2010 Table of Contents i LIST OF FIGURES ..................................................................................................................... iii LIST OF TABLES ........................................................................................................................ v ACRONYMS ................................................................................................................................ vi PURPOSE ...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ........................................................................................................................................... 1

371

The Quebec secession reference: The constitutionalization of Quebec secession .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The purpose of this thesis is to explain why the government of Canada decided to refer three questions related to whether or not the government (more)

Morrison, Alec

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Reference Buildings by Building Type: Strip mall | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Strip mall Reference Buildings by Building Type: Strip mall In addition to the ZIP file for each building type, you can directly view the "scorecard" spreadsheet that summarizes...

373

Reference Buildings by Building Type: Large Hotel | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hotel Reference Buildings by Building Type: Large Hotel In addition to the ZIP file for each building type, you can directly view the "scorecard" spreadsheet that summarizes the...

374

DOE Commercial Reference Buildings Summary of Changes Between...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Buildings refbldgschangesv40tov70.pdf More Documents & Publications DOE Commercial Reference Buildings Summary of Changes Between Versions Department of Energy Commercial...

375

Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City:...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

A Minneapolis, Minnesota Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 6A Minneapolis, Minnesota In addition to the ZIP file for each building type, you can directly...

376

FAQS Reference Guide - Mechanical Systems | Department of Energy  

Office of Environmental Management (EM)

Qualification Standard Reference Guide, August 2012 More Documents & Publications DOE-HDBK-10171-93 A Review of Stress Corrosion CrackingFatigue Modeling for Light Water...

377

FAQS Reference Guide Safeguards and Security General Technical Base  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the July 2009 edition of DOE-STD-1123-2009, Safeguards and Security General Technical Base Qualification Standard.

378

Sandia National Laboratories: DOE-Sponsored Reference Model Project...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

is a partnered effort to develop marine hydrokinetic (MHK) reference models (RMs) for wave energy converters and tidal, ocean, and river current energy converters. The RMP team...

379

FAQS Reference Guide Electrical Systems and Safety Oversight  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This reference guide addresses the competency statements in the August 2007 edition of DOE-STD-1170-2007, Electrical Systems and Safety Oversight Functional Area Qualification Standard.

380

Polymorphic Typing of Variables and References GEOFFREY SMITH  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Polymorphic Typing of Variables and References GEOFFREY SMITH Florida International University reflect the views of the National Science Foundation. Authors' addresses: G. Smith, School of Computer

Smith, Geoffrey

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rfd reference dose" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

References and Appendices: U.S. Manufacturing Energy Use and...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

4 U.S. Manufacturing Energy Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions Analysis REFERENCES AMO (Advanced Manufacturing Office), EERE (Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy). 2012a. Consider...

382

Is it sensible to 'deform' dose? 3D experimental validation of dose-warping  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Strategies for dose accumulation in deforming anatomy are of interest in radiotherapy. Algorithms exist for the deformation of dose based on patient image sets, though these are sometimes contentious because not all such image calculations are constrained by physical laws. While tumor and organ motion has been a key area of study for a considerable amount of time, deformation is of increasing interest. In this work, we demonstrate a full 3D experimental validation of results from a range of dose deformation algorithms available in the public domain. Methods: We recently developed the first tissue-equivalent, full 3D deformable dosimetric phantom-'DEFGEL.' To assess the accuracy of dose-warping based on deformable image registration (DIR), we have measured doses in undeformed and deformed states of the DEFGEL dosimeter and compared these to planned doses and warped doses. In this way we have directly evaluated the accuracy of dose-warping calculations for 11 different algorithms. We have done this for a range of stereotactic irradiation schemes and types and magnitudes of deformation. Results: The original Horn and Schunck algorithm is shown to be the best performing of the 11 algorithms trialled. Comparing measured and dose-warped calculations for this method, it is found that for a 10 Multiplication-Sign 10 mm{sup 2} square field, {gamma}{sub 3%/3mm}= 99.9%; for a 20 Multiplication-Sign 20 mm{sup 2} cross-shaped field, {gamma}{sub 3%/3mm}= 99.1%; and for a multiple dynamic arc (0.413 cm{sup 3} PTV) treatment adapted from a patient treatment plan, {gamma}{sub 3%/3mm}= 95%. In each case, the agreement is comparable to-but consistently {approx}1% less than-comparison between measured and calculated (planned) dose distributions in the absence of deformation. The magnitude of the deformation, as measured by the largest displacement experienced by any voxel in the volume, has the greatest influence on the accuracy of the warped dose distribution. Considering the square field case, the smallest deformation ({approx}9 mm) yields agreement of {gamma}{sub 3%/3mm}= 99.9%, while the most significant deformation ({approx}20 mm) yields agreement of {gamma}{sub 3%/3mm}= 96.7%. Conclusions: We have confirmed that, for a range of mass and density conserving deformations representative of those observable in anatomical targets, DIR-based dose-warping can yield accurate predictions of the dose distribution. Substantial differences can be seen between the results of different algorithms indicating that DIR performance should be scrutinized before application todose-warping. We have demonstrated that the DEFGEL deformable dosimeter can be used to evaluate DIR performance and the accuracy of dose-warping results by direct measurement.

Yeo, U. J.; Taylor, M. L.; Supple, J. R.; Smith, R. L.; Dunn, L.; Kron, T.; Franich, R. D. [School of Applied Sciences and Health Innovations Research Institute, RMIT University, Melbourne, Victoria 3000 (Australia); School of Applied Sciences and Health Innovations Research Institute, RMIT University, Melbourne, Victoria 3000 (Australia); Physical Sciences, Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, East Melbourne, Victoria 3002 (Australia) and Medical Physics, William Buckland Radiotherapy Centre, Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria 3181 (Australia); School of Applied Sciences and Health Innovations Research Institute, RMIT University, Melbourne, Victoria 3000 (Australia); School of Applied Sciences and Health Innovations Research Institute, RMIT University, Melbourne, Victoria 3000 (Australia) and Medical Physics, William Buckland Radiotherapy Centre, Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria 3181 (Australia); School of Applied Sciences and Health Innovations Research Institute, RMIT University, Melbourne, Victoria 3000 (Australia); School of Applied Sciences and Health Innovations Research Institute, RMIT University, Melbourne, Victoria 3000 (Australia) and Physical Sciences, Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, East Melbourne, Victoria 3002 (Australia); School of Applied Sciences and Health Innovations Research Institute, RMIT University, Melbourne, Victoria 3000 (Australia)

2012-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

383

Disruptive Event Biosphere Dose Conversion Factor Analysis  

SciTech Connect

This analysis report is one of the technical reports containing documentation of the Environmental Radiation Model for Yucca Mountain, Nevada (ERMYN), a biosphere model supporting the total system performance assessment (TSPA) for the license application (LA) for the Yucca Mountain repository. This analysis report describes the development of biosphere dose conversion factors (BDCFs) for the volcanic ash exposure scenario, and the development of dose factors for calculating inhalation dose during volcanic eruption. A graphical representation of the documentation hierarchy for the ERMYN is presented in Figure 1-1. This figure shows the interrelationships among the products (i.e., analysis and model reports) developed for biosphere modeling and provides an understanding of how this analysis report contributes to biosphere modeling. This report is one of two reports that develop biosphere BDCFs, which are input parameters for the TSPA model. The ''Biosphere Model Report'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 169460]) describes in detail the ERMYN conceptual model and mathematical model. The input parameter reports, shown to the right of the Biosphere Model Report in Figure 1-1, contain detailed descriptions of the model input parameters, their development and the relationship between the parameters and specific features, events and processes (FEPs). This report describes biosphere model calculations and their output, the BDCFs, for the volcanic ash exposure scenario. This analysis receives direct input from the outputs of the ''Biosphere Model Report'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 169460]) and from the five analyses that develop parameter values for the biosphere model (BSC 2004 [DIRS 169671]; BSC 2004 [DIRS 169672]; BSC 2004 [DIRS 169673]; BSC 2004 [DIRS 169458]; and BSC 2004 [DIRS 169459]). The results of this report are further analyzed in the ''Biosphere Dose Conversion Factor Importance and Sensitivity Analysis''. The objective of this analysis was to develop the BDCFs for the volcanic ash exposure scenario and the dose factors for calculating inhalation doses during volcanic eruption (eruption phase of the volcanic event). For the volcanic ash exposure scenario, the mode of radionuclide release into the biosphere is a volcanic eruption through the repository with the resulting entrainment of contaminated waste in the tephra and the subsequent atmospheric transport and dispersion of contaminated material in the biosphere. The biosphere process model for this scenario uses the surface deposition of contaminated ash as the source of radionuclides in the biosphere. The initial atmospheric transport and dispersion of the ash as well as its subsequent redistribution by fluvial and aeolian processes are not addressed within the biosphere model. These processes influence the value of the source term that is calculated elsewhere and then combined with the BDCFs in the TSPA model to calculate expected dose to the receptor. Another objective of this analysis was to re-qualify the output of the previous revision (BSC 2003 [DIRS 163958]).

M. Wasiolek

2004-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

384

CT effective dose per dose length product using ICRP 103 weighting factors  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To generate effective dose per unit dose length product (E/DLP) conversion factors incorporating ICRP Publication 103 tissue weighting factors. Methods: Effective doses for CT examinations were obtained using the IMPACT Dosimetry Calculator using all 23 dose data sets that are offered by this spreadsheet. CT examinations were simulated for scans performed along the patient long axis for each dosimetry data set using a 4 cm beam width ranging from the upper thighs to top of the head. Five basic body regions (head, neck, chest, abdomen, and pelvis), as well as combinations of the regions (head/neck, chest/abdomen, abdomen/pelvis, and chest/abdomen/pelvis) and whole body CT scans were investigated. Correction factors were generated that can be applied to convert E/DLP conversion factors based on ICRP 60 data to conversion factors that are valid for ICRP 103 data (i.e., E{sub 103}/E{sub 60}). Results: Use of ICRP 103 weighting factors increase effective doses for head scans by {approx}11%, for chest scans by {approx}20%, and decrease effective doses for pelvis scans by {approx}25%. Current E/DLP conversion factors are estimated to be 2.4 {mu}Sv/mGy cm for head CT examinations and range between 14 and 20 {mu}Sv/mGy cm for body CT examinations. Conclusions: Factors that enable patient CT doses to be adjusted to account for ICRP 103 tissue weighting factors are provided, which result in E/DLP factors that were increased in head and chest CT, reduced in pelvis CT, and showed no marked change in neck and abdomen CT.

Huda, Walter; Magill, Dennise; He Wenjun [Department of Radiology and Radiological Science, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina 29425 (United States); Department of Bioengineering, Clemson-MUSC Bioengineering Program, Clemson University, Charleston, South Carolina 29425 (United States)

2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

385

Bounding the total-dose response of modern bipolar transistors  

SciTech Connect

The base current in modern bipolar transistors saturates at large total doses once a critical oxide charge is reached. The saturated value of base current is dose-rate independent. Testing implications are discussed.

Kosier, S.L.; Wei, A.; Schrimpf, R.D. [Arizona Univ., Tucson, AZ (United States). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering; Combs, W.E. [Naval Surface Warfare Center-Crane, Crane, IN (United States); Fleetwood, D.M. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); DeLaus, M. [Analog Devices, Inc., Wilmington, MA (United States); Pease, R.L. [RLP Research, Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Gemcitabine Radiosensitization after High-Dose Samarium for Osteoblastic Osteosarcoma  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...osteosarcoma in dogs, using 153Sm-ethylene-diamino-tetramethylene-phosphonate...High-dose samarium-153 ethylene diamine tetramethylene phosphonate...High-dose samarium-153 ethylene diamine tetramethylene phosphonate...LK, Kasi LP, Fossella FV, Price DR, Fordyce WA. Analysis...

Peter M. Anderson; Gregory A. Wiseman; Linda Erlandson; Vilmarie Rodriguez; Barbara Trotz; Stephen A. Dubansky; and Karen Albritton

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Estimating Dose Rates from Activated Groundwater at Accelerator Sites  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Dose/Dose Rate / Special Issue on the 11th International Conference on Radiation Shielding and the 15th Topical Meeting of the Radiation Protection and Shielding Division (PART 3) / Radiation Protection

N. Prolingheuer; M. Herbst; B. Heuel-Fabianek; R. Moormann; R. Nabbi; B. Schlgl; J. Vanderborght

388

Experimental evaluation of actual delivered dose using mega-voltage cone-beam CT and direct point dose measurement  

SciTech Connect

Radiation therapy in patients is planned by using computed tomography (CT) images acquired before start of the treatment course. Here, tumor shrinkage or weight loss or both, which are common during the treatment course for patients with head-and-neck (H and N) cancer, causes unexpected differences from the plan, as well as dose uncertainty with the daily positional error of patients. For accurate clinical evaluation, it is essential to identify these anatomical changes and daily positional errors, as well as consequent dosimetric changes. To evaluate the actual delivered dose, the authors proposed direct dose measurement and dose calculation with mega-voltage cone-beam CT (MVCBCT). The purpose of the present study was to experimentally evaluate dose calculation by MVCBCT. Furthermore, actual delivered dose was evaluated directly with accurate phantom setup. Because MVCBCT has CT-number variation, even when the analyzed object has a uniform density, a specific and simple CT-number correction method was developed and applied for the H and N site of a RANDO phantom. Dose distributions were calculated with the corrected MVCBCT images of a cylindrical polymethyl methacrylate phantom. Treatment processes from planning to beam delivery were performed for the H and N site of the RANDO phantom. The image-guided radiation therapy procedure was utilized for the phantom setup to improve measurement reliability. The calculated dose in the RANDO phantom was compared to the measured dose obtained by metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistor detectors. In the polymethyl methacrylate phantom, the calculated and measured doses agreed within about +3%. In the RANDO phantom, the dose difference was less than +5%. The calculated dose based on simulation-CT agreed with the measured dose within3%, even in the region with a high dose gradient. The actual delivered dose was successfully determined by dose calculation with MVCBCT, and the point dose measurement with the image-guided radiation therapy procedure.

Matsubara, Kana, E-mail: matsubara-kana@hs.tmu.ac.jp [Graduate School of Human Health Sciences, Tokyo Metropolitan University, Arakawa-ku Tokyo (Japan); Kohno, Ryosuke [National Cancer Center Hospital East, Chiba (Japan); National Cancer Center Research Institute, Chiba (Japan); Nishioka, Shie; Shibuya, Toshiyuki; Ariji, Takaki; Akimoto, Tetsuo [National Cancer Center Hospital East, Chiba (Japan); Saitoh, Hidetoshi [Graduate School of Human Health Sciences, Tokyo Metropolitan University, Arakawa-ku Tokyo (Japan)

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Archived Reference Climate Zone: 2B Phoenix, Arizona  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed before 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary ofbuilding types and climate zonesis available for reference.Current versionsare also available.

390

Archived Reference Climate Zone: 2B Phoenix, Arizona  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed in or after 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

391

Archived Reference Building Type: Stand-alone retail  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed before 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary ofbuilding types and climate zonesis available for reference.Current versionsare also available.

392

Archived Reference Building Type: Stand-alone retail  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed in or after 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

393

Information systems as a reference discipline for new product development  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Baskerville and Myers (2002) recently suggested that the information systems (IS) field has "come of age" and that it can now serve as a reference discipline for other fields. In this article, the discourse about their vision is extended by considering ... Keywords: IS research agenda, IS research issues, IT infusion, diffusion of research, knowledge network, new product development, reference discipline

Satish Nambisan

2003-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Dynamic Stochastic Inventory Management with Reference Price Effects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dynamic Stochastic Inventory Management with Reference Price Effects Xin Chen Department in which demand depends on not only the current selling price but also a memory-based reference price. Pricing and inventory decisions are made simultane- ously at the beginning of each period. Assuming all

Chen, Xin

395

Program Self-Reference in Constructive Scott Subdomains  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Program Self-Reference in Constructive Scott Subdomains John Case and Samuel E. Moelius III( e, · )]. (1) (b) (Rogers [Rog67, Theorem 11-I]) fprt holds in ( computable t : N N)(e)[e = t(e of program self-reference in PC. A generalization of krt to arbitrary constructive Scott subdomains

Taufer, Michela

396

Archived Reference Climate Zone: 4C Seattle, Washington  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed before 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary ofbuilding types and climate zonesis available for reference.Current versionsare also available.

397

Archived Reference Climate Zone: 3C San Francisco, California  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed before 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary ofbuilding types and climate zonesis available for reference.Current versionsare also available.

398

Archived Reference Climate Zone: 3B Los Angeles, California  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed before 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary ofbuilding types and climate zonesis available for reference.Current versionsare also available.

399

Archived Reference Climate Zone: 6A Minneapolis, Minnesota  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed in or after 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

400

Archived Reference Climate Zone: 3A Atlanta, Georgia  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed before 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary ofbuilding types and climate zonesis available for reference.Current versionsare also available.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rfd reference dose" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Archived Reference Climate Zone: 4A Baltimore, Maryland  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed before 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary ofbuilding types and climate zonesis available for reference.Current versionsare also available.

402

Archived Reference Climate Zone: 6A Minneapolis, Minnesota  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed before 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary ofbuilding types and climate zonesis available for reference.Current versionsare also available.

403

Archived Reference Climate Zone: 1A Miami, Florida  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed before 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary ofbuilding types and climate zonesis available for reference.Current versionsare also available.

404

Archived Reference Climate Zone: 6B Helena, Montana  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed before 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary ofbuilding types and climate zonesis available for reference.Current versionsare also available.

405

Archived Reference Climate Zone: 5B Boulder, Colorado  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed before 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary ofbuilding types and climate zonesis available for reference.Current versionsare also available.

406

Archived Reference Climate Zone: 3B Las Vegas, Nevada  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed before 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary ofbuilding types and climate zonesis available for reference.Current versionsare also available.

407

Archived Reference Climate Zone: TMY2 Weather Data  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed before 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary ofbuilding types and climate zonesis available for reference.Current versionsare also available.

408

Archived Reference Climate Zone: 5A Chicago, Illinois  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed before 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary ofbuilding types and climate zonesis available for reference.Current versionsare also available.

409

Archived Reference Climate Zone: 5A Chicago, Illinois  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed in or after 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

410

Archived Reference Climate Zone: 2A Houston, Texas  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed before 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary ofbuilding types and climate zonesis available for reference.Current versionsare also available.

411

Archived Reference Climate Zone: 4B Albuquerque, New Mexico  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed before 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary ofbuilding types and climate zonesis available for reference.Current versionsare also available.

412

Archived Reference Climate Zone: 5B Boulder, Colorado  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed in or after 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

413

Archived Reference Climate Zone: 3B Los Angeles, California  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed in or after 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

414

Archived Reference Climate Zone: 3C San Francisco, California  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed in or after 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

415

Archived Reference Climate Zone: 3A Atlanta, Georgia  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed in or after 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

416

Archived Reference Climate Zone: 3B Las Vegas, Nevada  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed in or after 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

417

Archived Reference Climate Zone: 6B Helena, Montana  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed in or after 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

418

Archived Reference Climate Zone: 2A Houston, Texas  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed in or after 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

419

Archived Reference Climate Zone: 4C Seattle, Washington  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed in or after 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

420

Archived Reference Climate Zone: 4A Baltimore, Maryland  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed in or after 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rfd reference dose" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Archived Reference Climate Zone: 1A Miami, Florida  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed in or after 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

422

Archived Reference Climate Zone: TMY2 Weather Data  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Here you will find past versions of the commercial reference building models for existing buildings constructed in or after 1980, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available.

423

NIST Special Publication 260-173 Standard Reference Materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NIST Special Publication 260-173 Standard Reference Materials: SRM 1450d, Fibrous-Glass Board #12;#12;NIST Special Publication 260-173 Standard Reference Materials: SRM 1450d, Fibrous-Glass Board Laboratory Building Environment Division Stefan D. Leigh Information Technology Laboratory Statistical

424

Air Quality: Air Pollutants, SLAC Emissions Sources, and Regulatory Reference  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

permit regulations are designed to track, record, and control air pollutants belonging to severalAir Quality: Air Pollutants, SLAC Emissions Sources, and Regulatory Reference Department: Chemical on chemical classifications. This reference outlines major categories of air pollutants found at SLAC

Wechsler, Risa H.

425

Further evaluation of dose estimation using the FBX dosimeter  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Internal Radiation Dose (MIRD) methodology was developed by the Society of Nuclear Medicine in 1968 and subse- quently revised in 1973 (Lo76). This methodology is commonly accepted as a means of estimating dose to the body organs through exposure... Internal Radiation Dose (MIRD) methodology was developed by the Society of Nuclear Medicine in 1968 and subse- quently revised in 1973 (Lo76). This methodology is commonly accepted as a means of estimating dose to the body organs through exposure...

Helfinstine, Suzanne Yvette

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

426

Manager's Desk Reference on Human Capital Management Flexibilities |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Manager's Desk Reference on Human Capital Management Flexibilities Manager's Desk Reference on Human Capital Management Flexibilities Manager's Desk Reference on Human Capital Management Flexibilities The purpose of this document is to provide DOE managers and supervisors with information on available flexibilities that can be used in day-to-day human capital management activities, especially those bearing on the recruitment and retention of high-quality staff. Each section of the document includes a basic description of a particular tool as well as Frequently Asked Questions related to how to best use it in a given set of circumstances or in combination with other flexibilities, unless they are available elsewhere, in which the web link is listed under References for that section. At the end of each section are references with web links that

427

Operational Plan and Desktop Reference for the Veterans Employment Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Operational Plan and Desktop Reference for the Veterans Employment Operational Plan and Desktop Reference for the Veterans Employment Program Operational Plan and Desktop Reference for the Veterans Employment Program DOE Guide to the President's Initiative for Veterans Employment. Includes: Department-wide policies and procedures, goals and objectives, DVAAP, information on veterans' preference and special hiring authorities, procedures for use of vocational rehabilitation programs, sources for finding veterans, and links to websites. Operational Plan and Desktop Reference for the Veterans Employment Program Responsible Contacts Donna Friend HUMAN RESOURCES SPECIALIST E-mail donna.friend@hq.doe.dov Phone 202-586-5880 More Documents & Publications Operational Plan and Desktop Reference for the Disability Employment Program

428

Designing Renewable Energy Financing Mechanism Terms of Reference | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Designing Renewable Energy Financing Mechanism Terms of Reference Designing Renewable Energy Financing Mechanism Terms of Reference Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Designing Renewable Energy Financing Mechanisms Agency/Company /Organization: World Bank Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy Topics: Finance, Implementation, Market analysis Website: web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/TOPICS/EXTENERGY2/EXTRENENERGYTK/0,, References: Designing Renewable Energy Financing Mechanisms[1] Resources Design of Micro-hydro Funding Facility and Community Mobilization Support Design of Institutional and Financial Intermediation Scheme for a Micro hydro Power Development Program Design of a Rural Energy Fund References ↑ "Designing Renewable Energy Financing Mechanisms" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Designing_Renewable_Energy_Financing_Mechanism_Terms_of_Reference&oldid=383234"

429

EIA - Appendix H - Reference Case Projections for Electricity Capacity and  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Reference Case Projections for Electricity Capacity and Generation by Fuel Tables (2005-2030) Reference Case Projections for Electricity Capacity and Generation by Fuel Tables (2005-2030) International Energy Outlook 2008 Reference Case Projections for Electricity Capacity and Generation by Fuel Tables (2005-2030) Formats Data Table Titles (1 to 12 complete) Reference Case Projections for Electricity Capacity and Generation by Fuel Data Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Reference Case Projections for Electricity Capacity and Generation by Fuel Data Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table H1 World Total Installed Generating Capacity by Region and Country Table H1. World Total Installed Generating Capacity by Region and Country. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800.

430

NETL: Oil & Natural Gas Technologies Reference Shelf  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Reference Shelf Reference Shelf NETL Oil & Natural Gas Technologies Reference Shelf Solicitations Project Summaries Publications News Releases Software/Databases CDs/DVDs EOR Illustrations Welcome to the NETL Oil & Natural Gas Technologies Reference Shelf. Recently released and in-demand reference materials are available directly from this page using the links below. Online Database of Oil and Natural Gas Research Results Now Available The Knowledge Management Database (KMD) provides easy access to the results of nearly four decades of research supported by the Office of Fossil Energy’s Oil and Natural Gas Program. The database portal provides access to content from dozens of CDs and DVDs related to oil and natural gas research that FE's National Energy Technology Laboratory has published over the years. It

431

GENERAL TECHNICAL BASELINE QUALIFICATION STANDARD SUGGESTED STUDY REFERENCES  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Baseline Qualification Standard Suggested Study References Baseline Qualification Standard Suggested Study References 2007 revision This list provides suggested study references for the technical competencies of the General Technical Base Qualification Standard (DOE STD 1146-2007). More comprehensive resources are available through the DOE Online Learning Center's training courses and the study guides available through the Federal Technical Capability Panel web site. The Uniform Resource Locaters for these sites are listed in the Standard. This list is arranged by Technical Competency, followed by the suggested reference source. Some competencies deal directly with DOE or Federal directives, and they are also the reference. In a few cases, the Study Guide is the only concise source, and appropriate sections are listed.

432

EIA - Appendix A - Reference Case Projection Tables 1990-2030  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Reference Case Projections Tables (1990-2030) Reference Case Projections Tables (1990-2030) International Energy Outlook 2008 Reference Case Projections Tables (1990-2030) Formats Data Table Titles (1 to 14 complete) Reference Case Projections Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Reference Case Projections Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table A1 World Total Primary Energy Consumption by Region Table A1. World Total Primary Energy Consumption by Region. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table A2 World Total Energy Consumption by Region and Fuel Table A2. World Total Energy Consumption by Region and Fuel. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800.

433

Sensors and Controls Characteristics Reference Guide Research Project |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Sensors and Controls Characteristics Sensors and Controls Characteristics Reference Guide Research Project Sensors and Controls Characteristics Reference Guide Research Project The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is currently conducting research into a reference guide about building sensors and controls characteristics. Project Description This project seeks to develop a Sensors and Controls Characteristics Reference Guide through a series of market engagements with building researchers, manufacturers, and users. When completed, the reference will serve as a guide to develop and deploy low-cost sensor systems defined by high-value case studies, as well as develop and deploy a "controls" open-source platform that enables validation and adoption of algorithms. Project Partners Research is being undertaken by DOE, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory,

434

EIA - International Energy Outlook 2007-Reference Case Projection Tables  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Reference Case Projections Tables (1990-2030) Reference Case Projections Tables (1990-2030) International Energy Outlook 2007 Reference Case Projections Tables (1990-2030) Formats Data Table Titles (1 to 14 complete) Reference Case Projections Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Reference Case Projections Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table A1 World Total Primary Energy Consumption by Region Table A1. World Total Primary Energy Consumption by Region. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table A2 World Total Energy Consumption by Region and Fuel Table A2. World Total Energy Consumption by Region and Fuel. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800.

435

Operational Plan and Desktop Reference for the Veterans Employment Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Operational Plan and Desktop Reference for the Veterans Employment Operational Plan and Desktop Reference for the Veterans Employment Program Operational Plan and Desktop Reference for the Veterans Employment Program DOE Guide to the President's Initiative for Veterans Employment. Includes: Department-wide policies and procedures, goals and objectives, DVAAP, information on veterans' preference and special hiring authorities, procedures for use of vocational rehabilitation programs, sources for finding veterans, and links to websites. Operational Plan and Desktop Reference for the Veterans Employment Program Responsible Contacts Donna Friend HUMAN RESOURCES SPECIALIST E-mail donna.friend@hq.doe.dov Phone 202-586-5880 More Documents & Publications Operational Plan and Desktop Reference for the Disability Employment Program

436

New Construction - Commercial Reference Buildings | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

New Construction - Commercial Reference Buildings New Construction - Commercial Reference Buildings New Construction - Commercial Reference Buildings The files on this page contain commercial reference building models for new construction, organized by building type and location. These U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) reference buildings are complete descriptions for whole building energy analysis. You can also return to a summary of building types and climate zones and information about other building vintages. These files are updated regularly and comply with ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90.1-2004. For more information about standards, visit the ASHRAE Web site. There are two versions of these files on this page. Version 1.3_5.0 was updated September 27, 2010 and Version 1.4_7.2 was updated November 13, 2012.

437

EIA - International Energy Outlook 2007 - Reference Case Projections for  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Reference Case Projections for Electricity Capacity and Generation by Fuel Tables (2004-2030) Reference Case Projections for Electricity Capacity and Generation by Fuel Tables (2004-2030) International Energy Outlook 2007 Reference Case Projections for Electricity Capacity and Generation by Fuel Tables (2004-2030) Formats Data Table Titles (1 to 12 complete) Reference Case Projections for Electricity Capacity and Generation by Fuel Data Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Reference Case Projections for Electricity Capacity and Generation by Fuel Data Tables. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800. Table H1 World Total Installed Generating Capacity by Region and Country Table H1. World Total Installed Generating Capacity by Region and Country. Need help, contact the National Energy Information Center at 202-586-8800.

438

Renewable Energy Pipeline Development Terms of Reference | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Renewable Energy Pipeline Development Terms of Reference Renewable Energy Pipeline Development Terms of Reference Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Renewable Energy Pipeline Development Terms of Reference Agency/Company /Organization: World Bank Sector: Energy Focus Area: Renewable Energy, Biomass, Hydro, Solar, Wind Topics: Implementation Website: web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/TOPICS/EXTENERGY2/EXTRENENERGYTK/0,, References: Renewable Energy Pipeline Development Terms of Reference[1] Resources Preparation of Mini-hydro Private Power Projects Off-Grid Village Hydro Subproject Preparation Off-Grid Subprojects Pipeline Development Development of Wind Farm Projects - Local Consultants Bagasse/Rice Husk Co-generation Project Preparation Biomass Cogeneration Projects Preparation Design of a PV Pilot Concession

439

Monte Carlo calculations for reference dosimetry of electron beams with the PTW Roos and NE2571 ion chambers  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To investigate recommendations for reference dosimetry of electron beams and gradient effects for the NE2571 chamber and to provide beam quality conversion factors using Monte Carlo simulations of the PTW Roos and NE2571 ion chambers. Methods: The EGSnrc code system is used to calculate the absorbed dose-to-water and the dose to the gas in fully modeled ion chambers as a function of depth in water. Electron beams are modeled using realistic accelerator simulations as well as beams modeled as collimated point sources from realistic electron beam spectra or monoenergetic electrons. Beam quality conversion factors are calculated with ratios of the doses to water and to the air in the ion chamber in electron beams and a cobalt-60 reference field. The overall ion chamber correction factor is studied using calculations of water-to-air stopping power ratios. Results: The use of an effective point of measurement shift of 1.55 mm from the front face of the PTW Roos chamber, which places the point of measurement inside the chamber cavity, minimizes the difference betweenR{sub 50}, the beam quality specifier, calculated from chamber simulations compared to that obtained using depth-dose calculations in water. A similar shift minimizes the variation of the overall ion chamber correction factor with depth to the practical range and reduces the root-mean-square deviation of a fit to calculated beam quality conversion factors at the reference depth as a function of R{sub 50}. Similarly, an upstream shift of 0.34 r{sub cav} allows a more accurate determination of R{sub 50} from NE2571 chamber calculations and reduces the variation of the overall ion chamber correction factor with depth. The determination of the gradient correction using a shift of 0.22 r{sub cav} optimizes the root-mean-square deviation of a fit to calculated beam quality conversion factors if all beams investigated are considered. However, if only clinical beams are considered, a good fit to results for beam quality conversion factors is obtained without explicitly correcting for gradient effects. The inadequacy of R{sub 50} to uniquely specify beam quality for the accurate selection of k{sub Q} factors is discussed. Systematic uncertainties in beam quality conversion factors are analyzed for the NE2571 chamber and amount to between 0.4% and 1.2% depending on assumptions used. Conclusions: The calculated beam quality conversion factors for the PTW Roos chamber obtained here are in good agreement with literature data. These results characterize the use of an NE2571 ion chamber for reference dosimetry of electron beams even in low-energy beams.

Muir, B. R., E-mail: bmuir@physics.carleton.ca; Rogers, D. W. O., E-mail: drogers@physics.carleton.ca [Physics Department, Carleton Laboratory for Radiotherapy Physics, Carleton University, 1125 Colonel By Drive, Ottawa, Ontario K1S 5B6 (Canada)] [Physics Department, Carleton Laboratory for Radiotherapy Physics, Carleton University, 1125 Colonel By Drive, Ottawa, Ontario K1S 5B6 (Canada)

2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

440

RIS-M-2254 ON A RADIOCHROMIC DYE DOSE METER  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RIS?-M-2254 ON A RADIOCHROMIC DYE DOSE METER Arne Miller and William L. McLaughlin Abstract. Radiochromic dye dose meters made of polyvinyl butyral (PVB) with hexa(hydroxyethyl)pararosaniline cyanide (HPR results and outlines plans for further research on this dose meter. Currently the response is found

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rfd reference dose" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Dose-Response Relations from Epidemiological Studies [and Discussion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...research-article Dose-Response Relations...The paper discusses dose-response relations...available over a range wide enough to make...chrysotile asbestos and ionizing radiation. In both cases the...increases with the dose of asbestos (principally...

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Molecular signatures of low dose radiation exposure in human subjects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Molecular signatures of low dose radiation exposure in human subjects...Volume 46, 2005] 3096 Low dose ionizing radiation (LDIR) in the 1-10 cGy range has largely unknown biological...the effect and risk at low dose by extrapolation from measured...

Zelanna Goldberg; Chad W. Schwietert; Maggie Isbell; Joerg Lehmann; Robin Stern; Christine Hartmann Siantar; and David M. Rocke

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

Parameter Estimation for Automatic Dose Control in Radioscopy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Parameter Estimation for Automatic Dose Control in Radioscopy Daniel Keysers, Sami Celik, Henning of the X-ray dose on this parameter alone leads to incorrect exposure, if direct radiation enters-ray dose needs to be adjusted continuously to the body region examined. In cur- rent systems

Keysers, Daniel

444

Radiological Dose Assessment 8 2009 Site environmental report8-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-site dose measurements include the contribution from natural terrestrial and cosmic background radiation-site areas known to have radiation dose slightly elevated above the natural background radiation. The results was calculated as 7.20E-02 mrem (0.72 Sv) to the MEI. The dose from the ingestion pathway was estimated as 7

445

Indoor Dose Conversion Coefficients for Radon Progeny for Different  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Indoor Dose Conversion Coefficients for Radon Progeny for Different Ambient Environments K . N . Y ambient environments on the indoor radon dose (in terms of the dose conversion coefficient or DCC of the human respiratory tract. Epidemiological studies of under- ground miners of uranium and other minerals

Yu, K.N.

446

Field-size dependence of doses of therapeutic carbon beams  

SciTech Connect

To estimate the physical dose at the center of spread-out Bragg peaks (SOBP) for various conditions of the irradiation system, a semiempirical approach was applied. The dose at the center of the SOBP depends on the field size because of large-angle scattering particles in the water phantom. For a small field of 5x5 cm{sup 2}, the dose was reduced to 99.2%, 97.5%, and 96.5% of the dose used for the open field in the case of 290, 350, and 400 MeV/n carbon beams, respectively. Based on the three-Gaussian form of the lateral dose distributions of the carbon pencil beam, which has previously been shown to be effective for describing scattered carbon beams, we reconstructed the dose distributions of the SOBP beam. The reconstructed lateral dose distribution reproduced the measured lateral dose distributions very well. The field-size dependencies calculated using the reconstructed lateral dose distribution of the therapeutic carbon beam agreed with the measured dose dependency very well. The reconstructed beam was also used for irregularly shaped fields. The resultant dose distribution agreed with the measured dose distribution. The reconstructed beams were found to be applicable to the treatment-planning system.

Kusano, Yohsuke; Kanai, Tatsuaki; Yonai, Shunsuke; Komori, Masataka; Ikeda, Noritoshi; Tachikawa, Yuji; Ito, Atsushi; Uchida, Hirohisa [Tokai University Unified Graduate School, Graduate School of Science and Technology, 1117 Kitakaname, Hiratsuka, Kanagawa 259-1207, Japan and Accelerator Engineering Co., 2-13-1 Konakadai, Inage-ku, Chiba 263-0043 (Japan); Department of Accelerator Physics and Medical Physics, Research Center for Charged Particle Therapy, National Institute of Radiological Sciences, 4-9-1 Anagawa, Inage-ku, Chiba, Chiba 263-8555 (Japan); Medical Physics Research Group, Research Center for Charged Particle Therapy, National Institute of Radiological Sciences, 4-9-1 Anagawa, Inage-ku, Chiba, Chiba 263-8555 (Japan); Department of Accelerator Physics and Medical Physics, Research Center for Charged Particle Therapy, National Institute of Radiological Sciences, 4-9-1 Anagawa, Inage-ku, Chiba, Chiba 263-8555 (Japan); Accelerator Engineering Co., 2-13-1 Konakadai, Inage-ku, Chiba 263-0043 (Japan); Department of Energy Science and Engineering, School of Engineering, Tokai University, 1117 Kitakaname, Hiratsuka, Kanagawa 259-1292 (Japan)

2007-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

447

Nominal Performance Biosphere Dose Conversion Factor Analysis  

SciTech Connect

This analysis report is one of the technical reports containing documentation of the Environmental Radiation Model for Yucca Mountain, Nevada (ERMYN), a biosphere model supporting the Total System Performance Assessment (TSPA) for the license application (LA) for the Yucca Mountain repository. This analysis report describes the development of biosphere dose conversion factors (BDCFs) for the groundwater exposure scenario, and the development of conversion factors for assessing compliance with the groundwater protection standard. A graphical representation of the documentation hierarchy for the ERMYN is presented in Figure 1-1. This figure shows the interrelationships among the products (i.e., analysis and model reports) developed for biosphere modeling and provides an understanding of how this analysis report contributes to biosphere modeling. This report is one of two reports that develop biosphere BDCFs, which are input parameters for the TSPA-LA model. The ''Biosphere Model Report'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 169460]) describes in detail the ERMYN conceptual model and mathematical model. The input parameter reports, shown to the right of the ''Biosphere Model Report'' in Figure 1-1, contain detailed description of the model input parameters, their development, and the relationship between the parameters and specific features events and processes (FEPs). This report describes biosphere model calculations and their output, the BDCFs, for the groundwater exposure scenario. The objectives of this analysis are to develop BDCFs for the groundwater exposure scenario for the three climate states considered in the TSPA-LA as well as conversion factors for evaluating compliance with the groundwater protection standard. The BDCFs will be used in performance assessment for calculating all-pathway annual doses for a given concentration of radionuclides in groundwater. The conversion factors will be used for calculating gross alpha particle activity in groundwater and the annual dose from drinking water for beta- and photon-emitting radionuclides. Another objective of this analysis was to re-qualify the output of the previous revision (BSC 2003 [DIRS 164403]).

M. Wasiolek

2004-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

448

The effect of different adaptation strengths on image quality and radiation dose using Siemens Care Dose 4D  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......undertaking strategies for CT radiation dose optimisation...supported by the Swedish Radiation Safety Authority (SSI P 1579...4D new technique for radiation dose reduction. SOMATOM...Application Guide. Software Version syngo CT 2005A......

Marcus Sderberg; Mikael Gunnarsson

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Low Dose Radiation Research Program: Low Dose Ionizing Radiation-Induced  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Low Dose Ionizing Radiation-Induced Effects in Irradiated and Low Dose Ionizing Radiation-Induced Effects in Irradiated and Unirradiated cells: Pathways Analysis in Support of Risk Assessment. Authors: B.E. Lehnert, R. Cary, D. Gadbois, and G. Gupta. Institutions: Bioscience Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory. The scientific literature presents a confusing picture concerning health risks due to low dose ionizing radiation (LDIR), e.g., <1-10 cGy. Some effects of LDIR such as enhanced rates of cell proliferation and the induction of radioadaptation may be benign under some circumstances. Other evidence suggests LDIR can be hazardous and that a threshold for potentially detrimental responses, e.g., increases in intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS), increases in sister chromatid exchanges (SCE), alterations in gene or protein expression profiles, and increased

450

Nominal Performance Biosphere Dose Conversion Factor Analysis  

SciTech Connect

This analysis report is one of the technical reports containing documentation of the Environmental Radiation Model for Yucca Mountain, Nevada (ERMYN), a biosphere model supporting the Total System Performance Assessment (TSPA) for the license application (LA) for the Yucca Mountain repository. This analysis report describes the development of biosphere dose conversion factors (BDCFs) for the groundwater exposure scenario, and the development of conversion factors for assessing compliance with the groundwater protection standards. A graphical representation of the documentation hierarchy for the ERMYN is presented in Figure 1-1. This figure shows the interrelationships among the products (i.e., analysis and model reports) developed for biosphere modeling and provides an understanding of how this analysis report contributes to biosphere modeling. This report is one of two reports that develop BDCFs, which are input parameters for the TSPA-LA model. The ''Biosphere Model Report'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 169460]) describes in detail the ERMYN conceptual model and mathematical model. The input parameter reports, shown to the right of the ''Biosphere Model Report'' in Figure 1-1, contain detailed description of the model input parameters, their development, and the relationship between the parameters and specific features events and processes (FEPs). This report describes biosphere model calculations and their output, the BDCFs, for the groundwater exposure scenario. This analysis receives direct input from the outputs of the ''Biosphere Model Report'' (BSC 2004 [DIRS 169460]) and the five analyses that develop parameter values for the biosphere model (BSC 2005 [DIRS 172827]; BSC 2004 [DIRS 169672]; BSC 2004 [DIRS 169673]; BSC 2004 [DIRS 169458]; BSC 2004 [DIRS 169459]). The results of this report are further analyzed in the ''Biosphere Dose Conversion Factor Importance and Sensitivity Analysis'' (Figure 1-1). The objectives of this analysis are to develop BDCFs for the groundwater exposure scenario for the three climate states (present day, monsoon, and glacial transition) considered in the TSPA-LA, as well as conversion factors for compliance evaluation with the groundwater protection standards. The BDCFs will be used in performance assessment for calculating all-pathway annual doses for a given concentration of radionuclides in groundwater. The conversion factors will be used for calculating gross alpha particle activity in groundwater and the annual dose from drinking water for beta- and photon-emitting radionuclides.

M.A. Wasiolek

2005-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

451

Improving low-dose blood-brain barrier permeability quantification using sparse high-dose induced prior for Patlak model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

estimation of BBBP map with the prior regularized Patlak model. Evaluation with the simulated low-dose-brain barrier permeability; Patlak model; radiation dose reduction 1. Introduction As the first leading cause), let alone the prolong protocol for BBBP assessment. While ef- fective radiation dose reduction in PCT

Chen, Tsuhan

452

Human In vivo Dose-Response to Controlled, Low-Dose Low Linear Energy Transfer Ionizing Radiation Exposure  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...biotinylated nucleotide analogue/ribonucleotide mix. The biotinylated cRNA targets were then...dose-response to controlled, low-dose low linear energy transfer ionizing radiation exposure. | The effect of low doses of low-linear energy transfer (photon) ionizing radiation...

Zelanna Goldberg; David M. Rocke; Chad Schwietert; Susanne R. Berglund; Alison Santana; Angela Jones; Jrg Lehmann; Robin Stern; Ruixiao Lu; and Christine Hartmann Siantar

2006-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

453

Low Dose Radiation Research Program: Original Research Program Plan  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Original Research Program Plan Original Research Program Plan Biological Effects of Low Dose and Dose Rate Radiation Prepared for the Office of Biological and Environmental Research by The Low Dose Radiation Research Program Plan Subcommittee of the Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee. II. Table of Contents Face Page Table of Contents Executive Summary Introduction Program Outline Low Dose Radiation vs. Endogenous Oxidative Damage - The Same or Different? Key Question Description Decision Making Value Recommendations and Costs Understanding Biological Responses to Radiation And Endogenous Damage Key Question Description Decision Making Value Recommendations and Costs Thresholds for Low Dose Radiation - Fact or Fiction? Key Question Description Decision Making Value Recommendations and Costs

454

Improved dose estimates for nuclear criticality accidents  

SciTech Connect

Slide rules are improved for estimating doses and dose rates resulting from nuclear criticality accidents. The original slide rules were created for highly enriched uranium solutions and metals using hand calculations along with the decades old Way-Wigner radioactive decay relationship and the inverse square law. This work uses state-of-the-art methods and better data to improve the original slide rules and also to extend the slide rule concept to three additional systems; i.e., highly enriched (93.2 wt%) uranium damp (H/{sup 235}U = 10) powder (U{sub 3}O{sub 8}) and low-enriched (5 wt%) uranium mixtures (UO{sub 2}F{sub 2}) with a H/{sup 235}U ratio of 200 and 500. Although the improved slide rules differ only slightly from the original slide rules, the improved slide rules and also the new slide rules can be used with greater confidence since they are based on more rigorous methods and better nuclear data.

Wilkinson, A.D.; Basoglu, B.; Bentley, C.L.; Dunn, M.E.; Plaster, M.J.; Dodds, H.L. [Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States). Nuclear Engineering Dept.; Haught, C.F. [Martin Marietta Utility Systems, Piketon, OH (United States); Yamamoto, T. [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Tokai (Japan). Tokai Research Establishment; Hopper, C.M. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Low Dose Radiation Research Program: William F. Morgan  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

William F. Morgan William F. Morgan Pacific Northwest National Laboratory PO Box 999 Richland, Washington About this Project Projects Using a Low LET Electron Microbeam to Investigate Non-Targeted Effects of Low Dose Radiation. Optimizing the Scientific, Regulatory, and Societal Impact of the DOE Low Dose Radiation Research Program A Mechanistic Study of the Radiation Quality Dependence of Bystander Effects in Human Cells. Genetic Factors Affecting Susceptibility to Low-Dose Radiation Mechanisms of Adaptive Responses and Genomic Instability Induced by Low Dose/ Low Dose Rate Radiation Technical Abstracts 2006 Workshop: Using a Low-LET Electron Microbeam to Investigate Non-Targeted Effects of Low Dose Radiation Sowa, M.B., Goetz, W., Baulch, J., and Morgan, W.F. Genetic Factors Affecting Susceptibility to Low-Dose Radiation

456

Low Dose Radiation Research Program: Linking Molecular Events to Cellular  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Linking Molecular Events to Cellular Responses at Low Dose Exposures Linking Molecular Events to Cellular Responses at Low Dose Exposures Thomas Weber Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Why This Project It currently costs billions of dollars to protect workers and the public from exposure to man-made radiation, despite exposure levels lower than the natural background levels of radiation. If it could be demonstrated that there is no increased cancer risk associated with these low dose exposures, these resources could be directed toward more critical societal issues. Defining low dose radiation cancer risks is limited by our ability to measure and directly correlate relevant cellular and molecular responses occurring at the low radiation dose and dose rate with tumor formation. This deficiency has led to conservative risk assessments based on low dose

457

Oxidative Stress and Skeletal Health with Low Dose, Ionizing Radiation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Oxidative Stress and Skeletal Health with Low Dose, Ionizing Radiation Oxidative Stress and Skeletal Health with Low Dose, Ionizing Radiation Globus Ruth NASA Ames Research Center Abstract Osteoporosis profoundly affects the aging U.S. population and exposure to high doses of radiation causes bone loss similar to age-related osteoporosis, although the influence of low dose radiation exposures is not known. The central hypothesis of our DOE project (NASA supplement) is that low doses of radiation modulate subsequent skeletal degeneration via oxidative pathways. Our working hypothesis is that a prior exposure to low dose radiation regulates oxidative metabolism within bone and contributes to bone loss caused either by subsequent high, challenge doses of radiation or by aging. HZE source: Because astronauts are exposed to radiation from GCR and solar

458

76Radiation Dose and Dose Rate Radiation is measured in two  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Seiverts per year. Hasty reports about the devastating Japan 2011 nuclear power plant radiation leakages have by Concorde, what are the total radiation doses for a passenger in each case? Problem 3 - The Japan 2011 earthquake damaged several nuclear reactors, causing radiation leakage across northern Japan. On March 22

459

Reduction of radiation dose to radiosensitive organs and its tradeoff with image quality in Computed Tomography  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Trimester Fetal Radiation Dose Estimation in 16-MDCT Withoutsimulations for radiation dose estimations discussed in thisspecific radiation dose and cancer risk estimation in CT:

Zhang, Di

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

E-Print Network 3.0 - affecting dose distributions Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(2) short overall... is briefly discussed. Good Dose Distribution Good radiation dose distribution speaks for itself. In many... , good dose ... Source: Brenner, David...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rfd reference dose" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

SU?C?105?05: Reference Dosimetry of High?Energy Electron Beams with a Farmer?Type Ionization Chamber  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: To investigate gradient effects and provide Monte Carlo calculated beam quality conversion factors to characterize the Farmer?type NE2571 ion chamber for high?energy reference dosimetry of clinical electron beams. Methods: The EGSnrc code system is used to calculate the absorbed dose to water and to the gas in a fully modeled NE2571 chamber as a function of depth in a water phantom. Electron beams incident on the surface of the phantom are modeled using realistic BEAMnrc accelerator simulations and electron beam spectra. Beam quality conversion factors are determined using calculated doses to water and to air in the chamber in high?energy electron beams and in a cobalt?60 reference field. Calculated water?to?air stopping power ratios are employed for investigation of the overall ion chamber perturbation factor. Results: An upstream shift of 0.30.4 multiplied by the chamber radius, r-cav, both minimizes the variation of the overall ion chamber perturbation factor with depth and reduces the difference between the beam quality specifier (R{sub 5} {sub 0}) calculated using ion chamber simulations and that obtained with simulations of dose?to?water in the phantom. Beam quality conversion factors are obtained at the reference depth and gradient effects are optimized using a shift of 0.2r-cav. The photon?electron conversion factor, k-ecal, amounts to 0.906 when gradient effects are minimized using the shift established here and 0.903 if no shift of the data is used. Systematic uncertainties in beam quality conversion factors are investigated and amount to between 0.4 to 1.1% depending on assumptions used. Conclusion: The calculations obtained in this work characterize the use of an NE2571 ion chamber for reference dosimetry of high?energy electron beams. These results will be useful as the AAPM continues to review their reference dosimetry protocols.

Muir, B; Rogers, D [Carleton University, Ottawa, ON (Canada)] [Carleton University, Ottawa, ON (Canada)

2013-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

462

Oak Ridge Dose Reconstruction Project Summary Report; Reports of the Oak Ridge Dose Reconstruction, Vol. 7  

SciTech Connect

In the early 1990s, concern about the Oak Ridge Reservation's past releases of contaminants to the environment prompted Tennessee's public health officials to pursue an in-depth study of potential off-site health effects at Oak Ridge. This study, the Oak Ridge dose reconstruction, was supported by an agreement between the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the State of Tennessee, and was overseen by a 12-member panel of individuals appointed by Tennessee's Commissioner of Health. The panel requested that the principal investigator for the project prepare the following report, ''Oak Ridge Dose Reconstruction Project Summary Report,'' to serve the following purposes: (1) summarize in a single, less technical report, the methods and results of the various investigations that comprised the Phase II of the dose reconstruction; (2) describe the systematic searching of classified and unclassified historical records that was a vital component of the project; and (3) summarize the less detailed, screening-level assessments that were performed to evaluate the potential health significance of a number of materials, such a uranium, whose priority did not require a complete dose reconstruction effort. This report describes each major step of the dose reconstruction study: (1) the review of thousands of historical records to obtain information relating to past operations at each facility; (2) estimation of the quantity and timing of releases of radioiodines from X-10, of mercury from Y-12, of PCB's from all facilities, and of cesium-137 and other radionuclides from White Oak Creek; (3) evaluation of the routes taken by these contaminants through the environment to nearby populations; and (4) estimation of doses and health risks to exposed groups. Calculations found the highest excess cancer risks for a female born in 1952 who drank goat milk; the highest non-cancer health risk was for children in a farm family exposed to PCBs in and near East Fork Poplar Creek. More detailed dose and risk estimates, and associated uncertainties, are presented in several technical reports. One way to easily locate them in OSTI's Information Bridge is by searching the ''report number field'' for the number DOE/OR/21981*. The asterisk placed after the base number will enable the search to list all of the related reports in this series.

Thomas E. Widner; et. al.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Factors for converting dose measured in polystyrene phantoms to dose reported in water phantoms for incident proton beams  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: Previous dosimetry protocols allowed calibrations of proton beamline dose monitors to be performed in plastic phantoms. Nevertheless, dose determinations were referenced to absorbed dose-to-muscle or absorbed dose-to-water. The IAEA Code of Practice TRS 398 recommended that dose calibrations be performed with ionization chambers only in water phantoms because plastic-to-water dose conversion factors were not available with sufficient accuracy at the time of its writing. These factors are necessary, however, to evaluate the difference in doses delivered to patients if switching from calibration in plastic to a protocol that only allows calibration in water. Methods: This work measured polystyrene-to-water dose conversion factors for this purpose. Uncertainties in the results due to temperature, geometry, and chamber effects were minimized by using special experimental set-up procedures. The measurements were validated by Monte Carlo simulations. Results: At the peak of non-range-modulated beams, measured polystyrene-to-water factors ranged from 1.015 to 1.024 for beams with ranges from 36 to 315 mm. For beams with the same ranges and medium sized modulations, the factors ranged from 1.005 to 1.019. The measured results were used to generate tables of polystyrene-to-water dose conversion factors. Conclusions: The dose conversion factors can be used at clinical proton facilities to support beamline and patient specific dose per monitor unit calibrations performed in polystyrene phantoms.

Moyers, M. F.; Vatnitsky, A. S.; Vatnitsky, S. M. [Loma Linda University Medical Center, Loma Linda, California 92354 (United States); Guthrie Clinic/Robert Packard Hospital, Sayre, Pennsylvania 18840 (United States); EBG MedAustron, Wiener Neustadt, Austria A2700 (Austria)

2011-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

464

Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 7 Duluth,  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7 7 Duluth, Minnesota Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 7 Duluth, Minnesota In addition to the ZIP file for each building type, you can directly view the "scorecard" spreadsheet that summarizes the inputs and results for each location. This Microsoft Excel spreadsheet is also included in the ZIP file. For version 1.4, only the IDF file is included. refbldg_7a_usa_mn_duluth_pre1980_v1.3_5.0.zip refbldg_7a_usa_mn_duluth_pre1980_v1-4_7-2.zip More Documents & Publications Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 3B Los Angeles, California Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 3C San Francisco, California Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 5A Chicago, Illinois

465

SAFETY SOFTWARE QUALITY ASSURANCE QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Safety Software Safety Software Quality Assurance Qualification Standard Reference Guide MARCH 2011 This page intentionally left blank Table of Contents i LIST OF FIGURES ...................................................................................................................... ii LIST OF TABLES ........................................................................................................................ ii ACRONYMS ................................................................................................................................ iii PURPOSE ...................................................................................................................................... 1 PREFACE ...................................................................................................................................... 1

466

Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Large office | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Large office Large office Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Large office Here you will find past versions of the reference buildings for new construction commercial buildings, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available. You can download ZIP files that contain the following: An EnergyPlus software input file (.idf) An html file showing the results from the EnergyPlus simulation (.html) A spreadsheet that summarizes the inputs and results for each location (.xls) The EnergyPlus TMY2 weather file (.epw). benchmark-v1.0_3.0-large_office.zip benchmark-v1.1_3.1-large_office.zip benchmark-new-v1.2_4.0-large_office.zip More Documents & Publications Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Large Hotel

467

SAFEGUARDS & SECURITY GENERAL TECHNICAL BASE QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

&Security General Technical Base Qualification Standard Reference Guide JANUARY 2010 This page is intentionally blank. Table of Contents i LIST OF FIGURES ..................................................................................................................... iv LIST OF TABLES ....................................................................................................................... iv ACRONYMS ................................................................................................................................. v PURPOSE...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ...........................................................................................................................................

468

Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Hospital | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hospital Hospital Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Hospital Here you will find past versions of the reference buildings for new construction commercial buildings, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available. You can download ZIP files that contain the following: An EnergyPlus software input file (.idf) An html file showing the results from the EnergyPlus simulation (.html) A spreadsheet that summarizes the inputs and results for each location (.xls) The EnergyPlus TMY2 weather file (.epw). benchmark-v1.0_3.0-hospital.zip benchmark-v1.1_3.1-hospital.zip benchmark-new-v1.2_4.0-hospital.zip More Documents & Publications Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Large office

469

Reference Links | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Reference Links Reference Links Integrated Support Center (ISC) ISC Home About Services Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) Privacy Act Advisory Exemptions How to Submit a FOIA Request Fee Waiver and Reduction Criteria Electronic Reading Room ISC Conventional Reading Rooms Reference Links Privacy Act Categorical Exclusion Determinations Contact Information Integrated Support Center Roxanne Purucker U.S. Department of Energy 9800 S. Cass Avenue Argonne, IL 60439 P: (630) 252-2110 Larry Kelly U.S. Department of Energy 200 Administration Road Oak Ridge, TN 37830 P: (865) 576-0885 Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) Reference Links Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page FOIA, 5 U.S.C. Sec. 552, As Amended by Public Law No. 104-231, 110 Stat. 2422 External link DOE Implementing Regulations, 10 CFR 1004 External link

470

Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 6A  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

A A Minneapolis, Minnesota Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 6A Minneapolis, Minnesota In addition to the ZIP file for each building type, you can directly view the "scorecard" spreadsheet that summarizes the inputs and results for each location. This Microsoft Excel spreadsheet is also included in the ZIP file. For version 1.4, only the IDF file is included. refbldg_6a_usa_mn_minneapolis_post1980_v1.3_5.0.zip refbldg_6a_usa_mn_minneapolis_post1980_v1-4_7-2.zip More Documents & Publications Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 7 Duluth, Minnesota Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 5A Chicago, Illinois Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 5B Boulder,

471

Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 8 Fairbanks,  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Climate Zone and Representative City: 8 Climate Zone and Representative City: 8 Fairbanks, Alaska Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 8 Fairbanks, Alaska In addition to the ZIP file for each building type, you can directly view the "scorecard" spreadsheet that summarizes the inputs and results for each location. This Microsoft Excel spreadsheet is also included in the ZIP file. For version 1.4, only the IDF file is included. refbldg_8a_usa_ak_fairbanks_post1980_v1.3_5.0.zip refbldg_8a_usa_ak_fairbanks_post1980_v1-4_7-2.zip More Documents & Publications Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 3A Atlanta, Georgia Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 6B Helena, Montana Reference Buildings by Building Type: Secondary school

472

ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS AND SAFETY OVERSIGHT QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Electrical Electrical Systems and Safety Oversight Qualification Standard Reference Guide DECEMBER 2009 This page is intentionally blank. Table of Contents i. i LIST OF FIGURES ..................................................................................................................... vi LIST OF TABLES ..................................................................................................................... viii ACRONYMS ................................................................................................................................ ix PURPOSE ...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ........................................................................................................................................... 1

473

NNSA PACKAGE CERTIFICATION ENGINEER QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

NNSA Package NNSA Package Certification Engineer Qualification Standard Reference Guide FEBRUARY 2010 This page is intentionally blank. i Table of Contents LIST OF FIGURES ...................................................................................................................... ii LIST OF TABLES ........................................................................................................................ ii ACRONYMS ................................................................................................................................ iii PURPOSE...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ...........................................................................................................................................

474

Reference Links | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Reference Links Reference Links Integrated Support Center (ISC) ISC Home About Services Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) Privacy Act Compilation of Systems of Records Energy Employees Occupational Illness Compensation Program Act (EEOICPA) How to Submit a Privacy Act Request Reference Links Categorical Exclusion Determinations Contact Information Integrated Support Center Roxanne Purucker U.S. Department of Energy 9800 S. Cass Avenue Argonne, IL 60439 P: (630) 252-2110 Larry Kelly U.S. Department of Energy 200 Administration Road Oak Ridge, TN 37830 P: (865) 576-0885 Privacy Act Reference Links Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page Privacy Act of 1974 and Amendments, 5 USC 552a External link DOE Implementing Regulations, 10 CFR 1008 External link DOE Privacy Act Compilation External link

475

USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 22 |  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 22 USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 22 Agriculture Community Menu DATA APPS EVENTS DEVELOPER STATISTICS COLLABORATE ABOUT Agriculture You are here Data.gov » Communities » Agriculture » Data USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 22 Dataset Summary Description The USDA Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 22 (SR22) is the major source of food composition data in the United States and provides the foundation for most public and private sector databases. SR22 contains nutrient data for over 7,500 food items for up to 143 food components, such as vitamins, minerals, amino acids, and fatty acids. It replaces the previous release, Tags {"food composition","nutrient compostion"}

476

Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Large Hotel | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Large Hotel Large Hotel Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Large Hotel Here you will find past versions of the reference buildings for new construction commercial buildings, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is available for reference. Current versions are also available. You can download ZIP files that contain the following: An EnergyPlus software input file (.idf) An html file showing the results from the EnergyPlus simulation (.html) A spreadsheet that summarizes the inputs and results for each location (.xls) The EnergyPlus TMY2 weather file (.epw). benchmark-v1.0_3.0-large_hotel.zip benchmark-v1.1_3.1-large_hotel.zip benchmark-new-v1.2_4.0-large_hotel.zip More Documents & Publications Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Small Hotel

477

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 Early Release Reference Case  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Early Release Reference Case Early Release Reference Case AEO2013 Early Release Rollout Presentation Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies Johns Hopkins University December 5, 2012 | Washington, D.C. by Adam Sieminski, Administrator Key results from the AEO2013 Reference case: 2 * Growth in energy production outstrips consumption growth * Crude oil production, particularly from tight oil plays, rises sharply over the next decade * Natural gas production is higher throughout the Reference case projection than it was in AEO2012, serving the industrial and power sectors and an expanding export market * Motor gasoline consumption reflects the introduction of more stringent fuel economy standards, while diesel fuel consumption is moderated by increased natural gas use in heavy-duty vehicles

478

Property:GreenButtonReference | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GreenButtonReference GreenButtonReference Jump to: navigation, search Property Name GreenButtonReference Property Type URL Description This field is displays the URL for Green Button related news or announcements from a utility Pages using the property "GreenButtonReference" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) A AEP Generating Company + http://www.aep.com/newsroom/newsreleases/?id=1753 + AEP Texas Central Company + http://www.emeter.com/smart-grid-watch/2012/texas-soon-to-go-live-with-green-button/ + AEP Texas North Company + http://www.emeter.com/smart-grid-watch/2012/texas-soon-to-go-live-with-green-button/ + Ameren Illinois Company (Illinois) + http://blogs.edf.org/energyexchange/files/2013/04/Ameren-AMI-Plan-Update-April-2013-Report.pdf +

479

TRANSPORTATION AND TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT QUALIFICATION STANDARD REFERENCE GUIDE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Transportation Transportation & Traffic Management Qualification Standard Reference Guide APRIL 2010 This page is intentionally blank. i LIST OF FIGURES ...................................................................................................................... ii LIST OF TABLES ........................................................................................................................ ii ACRONYMS ................................................................................................................................ iv PURPOSE...................................................................................................................................... 1 SCOPE ...........................................................................................................................................

480

POA&M Training Reference Material (April 2011)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

POA&M Training Reference POA&M Training Reference Material April 2011 POA&M Training Reference Material April 2011 2 What is a POA&M? * Plan of Actions and Milestones A POA&M is a management tool for tracking the mitigation of cyber security program and system level findings/weaknesses. Sources of POA&Ms * Where do POA&Ms come from? External findings (e.g., HSS, IG, GAO, Site Office reviews, etc.) Internal findings (e.g., In-house self-assessments, peer reviews, etc.) Certification & Accreditation (C&A) Activities (e.g., Failed certification tests, etc.) POA&M Training Reference Material April 2011 3 What is not a POA&M? * A POA&M is not an Action Tracking Plan. * A POA&M is not a Corrective Action Plan, or CAP.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "rfd reference dose" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Archive Reference Buildings by Building Type: Stand-alone retail  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Here you will find past versions of the reference buildings for new construction commercial buildings, organized by building type and location. A summary of building types and climate zones is...

482

Reference Buildings by Building Type: Stand-alone retail | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Stand-alone retail Reference Buildings by Building Type: Stand-alone retail In addition to the ZIP file for each building type, you can directly view the "scorecard" spreadsheet...

483

Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City:...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1A Miami, Florida Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 1A Miami, Florida In addition to the ZIP file for each building type, you can directly view the...

484

Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City:...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

B Boulder, Colorado Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 5B Boulder, Colorado In addition to the ZIP file for each building type, you can directly view the...

485

Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City:...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

A Chicago, Illinois Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 5A Chicago, Illinois In addition to the ZIP file for each building type, you can directly view the...

486

Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City:...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

B Phoenix, Arizona Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 2B Phoenix, Arizona In addition to the ZIP file for each building type, you can directly view the...

487

Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City:...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7 Duluth, Minnesota Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 7 Duluth, Minnesota In addition to the ZIP file for each building type, you can directly view the...

488

Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City:...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

A Baltimore, Maryland Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 4A Baltimore, Maryland In addition to the ZIP file for each building type, you can directly view...

489

Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City:...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

C Seattle, Washington Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 4C Seattle, Washington In addition to the ZIP file for each building type, you can directly view...

490

Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City:...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

A Atlanta, Georgia Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 3A Atlanta, Georgia In addition to the ZIP file for each building type, you can directly view the...

491

Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City:...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

8 Fairbanks, Alaska Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 8 Fairbanks, Alaska In addition to the ZIP file for each building type, you can directly view the...

492

Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City:...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

B Las Vegas, Nevada Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 3B Las Vegas, Nevada In addition to the ZIP file for each building type, you can directly view the...

493

Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City:...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

A Houston, Texas Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 2A Houston, Texas In addition to the ZIP file for each building type, you can directly view the...

494

Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City:...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

B Helena, Montana Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 6B Helena, Montana In addition to the ZIP file for each building type, you can directly view the...

495

Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City:...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

C San Francisco, California Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 3C San Francisco, California In addition to the ZIP file for each building type, you can...

496

Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City:...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

B Los Angeles, California Reference Buildings by Climate Zone and Representative City: 3B Los Angeles, California In addition to the ZIP file for each building type, you can...

497

Gossamer Roadmap Technology Reference Study for a Solar Polar Mission  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A technology reference study for a solar polar mission is presented. The study uses novel analytical methods to quantify the mission design space including the required sail performance to achieve a given sola...

M. Macdonald; C. McGrath; T. Appourchaux; B. Dachwald

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z