Powered by Deep Web Technologies
Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "review application materials" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

GRR/Elements/14-CA-c.4 to 14-CA-c.5 - Review Application material and Data  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » GRR/Elements/14-CA-c.4 to 14-CA-c.5 - Review Application material and Data Request/Response < GRR‎ | Elements Jump to: navigation, search Edit 14-CA-c.4 to 14-CA-c.5 - Review Application material and Data Request/Response The DOGGR Regional and State Boards review the application and consult one another and local agencies, as necessary, to determine whether the application is complete. The DOGGR Regional and State Boards may require the applicant to submit additional data to demonstrate that the proposed injection will not endanger water quality. Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=GRR/Elements/14-CA-c.4_to_14-CA-c.5_-_Review_Application_material_and_Data_Request/Response&oldid=539604"

2

Transportation Security Review Program and Radiofrequency Identification (RFID) Technology Applications for Hazardous Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

EPRI formed a Transportation Security Implementation Working Group in response to regulatory requirements to review Carrier Transportation Security Plans, and to address rapidly changing or new transportation security rules. This group, working in collaboration with the Nuclear Energy Institute (NEI) Transportation Task Force, develops and implements transportation security programs with broad application across the industry, such as a Transportation Security Review program for carriers. This report docu...

2004-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

3

Laser Application for Material Processing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 10, 2012 ... Advanced Materials, Processes and Applications for Additive Manufacturing: Laser Application for Material Processing Program Organizers:...

4

Review of composite material applications in the automotive industry for the electric and hybrid vehicle. Annual report, November 1978  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A comprehensive review is made of the state-of-the-art in regard to the use of composite materials for reducing the structural mass of automobiles. Reduction of mass will provide, in addition to other engineering improvements, increased performance/range advantages that are particularly needed in the electric and hybrid vehicle field. Problems to be overcome include the attainment of mass production techniques and the prevention of environmental hazards.

Bauer, J.L.

1979-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

ESS 2012 Peer Review - Next Generation Processes for Carbonate Electrolytes for Battery Applications - Kris Rangan, Materials Modification  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Next Generation Processes for Carbonate Electrolytes for Battery Applications Next Generation Processes for Carbonate Electrolytes for Battery Applications Dr. Kausik Mukhopadhyay & Dr. Krishnaswamy K. Rangan Materials Modification, Inc. 2809-K Merrilee Drive, Fairfax. VA 22031 ABSTRACT  Dimethyl Carbonate (DMC) is a promising electrolyte solvent for lithium battery applications due to its inherent safety and robustness. Despite the enormous promise of its industrial use, this chemical is currently entirely imported from China. The global battery market is about US$ 50 billion, of which approximately $ 5.5 billion is captured by the rechargeable batteries for use in electric vehicles, laptops, consumer electronics, rechargeable batteries etc.  Indigenous manufacture of DMC will enormously benefit not only the American lithium battery industry

6

Materials Bowl application  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

PROMOTING THE GLOBAL SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING PROFESSIONS ... Bowl. Rules. Official Rules. 1. This contest is open to all Material Advantage...

7

Materials Science Applications at NERSC  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Science Materials Science Applications VASP VASP is a plane wave ab initio code for quantum mechanical molecular dynamics. It is highly scalable and shows very good parallel...

8

Laser Applications in Materials Technology (II)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Symposium. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2011. Symposium, Laser Applications in Materials Technology (II). Sponsorship, MS&T ...

9

Materials for Fuel Cells and CSP Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 4, 2013 ... Materials in Clean Power Systems VIII: Durability of Materials : Materials for Fuel Cells and CSP Applications Sponsored by: TMS Structural...

10

Merit Review Search | Merit Review Application  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Merit Review Search Merit Review Search Search Searches on title, presenter, presenting organization and date Search Title Presenting Organization Technology Area Presentation Date Document Overview of the DOE Advanced Combustion Engine R&D Program U.S. Department of Energy Advanced Combustion Combustion and Emissions Control 05/14/2013 ace00a_singh_2013_o.pdf Heavy-Duty Low-Temperature and Diesel Combustion & Heavy-Duty Combustion Modeling Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) Advanced Combustion Combustion and Emissions Control 05/14/2013 ace001_musculus_2013_o.pdf Light-Duty Diesel Combustion Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) Advanced Combustion Combustion and Emissions Control 05/14/2013 ace002_miles_2013_o.pdf HCCI and Stratified-Charge CI Engine Combustion Research Sandia National Laboratories (SNL)

11

Materials for Infrastructure Applications - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jun 18, 2008 ... This presentation was given as part of the special Materials in Society session " Materials for Infrastructure: Building Bridges in the Global...

12

Materials, Characterization, and Applications (2006)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 26, 2007 ... ISBN 0-8247-4873-5. Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York. 2004. Hardcover. 575 pages. $89.95. REVIEWED BY: Ravi Rungta, Ford Motor Company...

13

Review of the silicon material task  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Silicon Material Task of the Flat-Plate Solar Array Project was assigned the objective of developing the technology for low-cost processes for producing polysilicon suitable for terrestrial solar-cell applications. The Task program comprised sections for process developments for semiconductor-grade and solar-cell-grade products. To provide information for deciding upon process designs, extensive investigations of the effects of impurities on material properties and the performance of cells were conducted. The silane process of the Union Carbide Corporation was carried through several stages of technical and engineering development; a pilot plant was the culmination of this effort. The work to establish silane fluidized-bed technology for a low-cost process is continuing. The advantages of the use of dichlorosilane in a Siemens-type process were shown by Hemlock Semiconductor Corporation. The development of other processes is described.

Lutwack, R.

1984-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Materials Applications of Photoelectron Emission Microscopy  

SciTech Connect

Photoelectron emission microscopy (PEEM) is a versatile technique that can image a variety of materials including metals, semiconductors and even insulators. Under favorable conditions the most advanced aberration corrected instruments have a spatial resolution approaching 2 nm. Although PEEM cannot compete with transmission or scanning electron microscopies for ultimate resolution, the technique is much more gentle and has the unique advantage of imaging structure as well as electronic and magnetic states on the nanoscale. Since the image contrast is derived from spatial variations in electron photoemission intensity, PEEM is ideal for interrogating both static and dynamic electronic properties of complex nanostructured materials. PEEM can be performed using a variety of photoexcitation sources including synchrotron emission, femtosecond laser pulses and conventional UV lamp emission. Each source has advantages, for example, fs laser excitation enables time-resolved imaging for study of ultrafast dynamics of surface intermediate states while tunable synchrotron sources allow chemically specific excitation. Even more detail can be extracted from energy resolved PEEM. Here, we review the key principles and contrast mechanisms of PEEM and briefly summarize materials applications of PEEM with examples of a thermally-induced structural phase transformation in barium titanate, inter-diffusion between thin metal copper and ruthenium layers, and multiphoton imaging of polystyrene nanoparticles on a silver coated substrate.

Xiong, Gang; Shao, Rui; Peppernick, Samuel J.; Joly, Alan G.; Beck, Kenneth M.; Hess, Wayne P.; Cai, Mingdong; Duchene, J.; Wang, J. Y.; Wei, Wei

2010-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

15

Understanding Materials Science History, Science, Applications - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 10, 2007 ... CITATION: Hummel, R.E. Understanding Materials Science History, Science, Applications, 2nd Edition, New York: Springer, 2004.

16

Introduction to Chemistry and Material Sciences Applications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Intro Chem and MatSci Apps Introduction to Chemistry and Material Sciences Applications June 26, 2012 L ast edited: 2013-05-28 15:53:12...

17

Advanced Materials Applications - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 20, 2011... geometries, and the power of the technique demonstrated with applications to energy storage materials and Fischer-Tropsch catalysts.

18

Textured Materials for Industry and Military Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sep 5, 2013 ... These textured materials can be used over large areas and potentially could have important applications in products where ice poses a danger.

19

Materials Science Division Project Safety Review  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Miller, Electron Microscopes Miller, Electron Microscopes Project No. 20006.3 Materials Science Division Project Safety Review Safety Analysis Form (03/08) Date of Submission March 12, 2010 FWP No.: 58405 Project Title User Experimental Work with Electron Microscopes in the Electron Microscopy Center This Safety Analysis Form (SAF) supersedes previous versions of 20006 and its modifications. Is this a (check one) new submission renewal supplemental modification X Principal Investigator(s) Dean Miller Other Participants (excluding administrative support personnel) EMC staff and EMC users (Attach participant signature sheet) Project dates: Start: March 2010 End: Open-ended This form is to be completed for all new investigations or experimental projects that are conducted in MSD laboratories, and for all ongoing such projects that undergo significant change from their original

20

Application Review and Selection Process | U.S. DOE Office of Science (SC)  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Application Review and Selection Process Application Review and Selection Process Albert Einstein Distinguished Educator Fellowship (AEF) Program Einstein Fellowship Home Eligibility Benefits Obligations How to Apply Recommender Information Application Review and Selection Process Key Dates Frequently Asked Questions Contact WDTS Home How to Apply Application Review and Selection Process Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page Application Eligibility and Compliance: To be considered for the program, an applicant must meet all eligibility criteria and submit an application comprising all required materials by the application deadline. To assess eligibility, and prior to the merit review, an initial review of all applications will be conducted to verify applicant eligibility and ensure all the required application materials have been

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "review application materials" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Nanostructure material for supercapacitor application  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Transition metal nitrides and carbonitride materials were fabricated via sol-gel technology. The transition metal amides were synthesized by two methods: chemical route and electrolysis. The transition metal amides were then further polymerized, sintering to high temperature in an inert or reduced atmosphere. Transition metal nitrides and carbonitrides powders with surface area up to 160 m{sup 2}/g were obtained. The resultant electrode material showed high specific capacitance as crystalline ruthenium oxide.

Huang, Y.; Chu, C.T.; Wei, Q.; Zheng, H.

2000-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Waste Package Materials Performance Peer Review | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Waste Package Materials Performance Peer Review Waste Package Materials Performance Peer Review Waste Package Materials Performance Peer Review A consensus peer review of the current technical basis and the planned experimental and modeling program for the prediction of the long-term performance of waste package materials being considered for use in a proposed repository at Yucca Mountain, Nevada. Waste Package Materials Performance Peer Review A Compilation of Special Topic Reports Wastepackagematerials_PPRP_final.pdf Evaluation of the Final Report: Waste Package Materials Performance Peer Review Panel Multi-Purpose_Canister_System_Evaluation.pdf More Documents & Publications Preliminary Report on Dual-Purpose Canister Disposal Alternatives (FY13) A Review of Stress Corrosion Cracking/Fatigue Modeling for Light Water

23

MSE 410: Materials Foundations for Energy Applications MSE 810: Materials for Energy Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

; materials for electrical energy storage; materials for hydrogen production, storage, and use; bio-fuel cellsMSE 410: Materials Foundations for Energy Applications MSE 810: Materials for Energy Applications of energy production and use: a rapidly increasing worldwide demand, dwindling supply, and the overarching

24

Mesoporous Carbon-based Materials for Alternative Energy Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

performance of various alternative energy materials. iv TheCarbon-based Materials for Alternative Energy Applications Abased Materials for Alternative Energy Applications by

Cross, Kimberly Michelle

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Geothermal materials design and selection handbook. First quarterly review  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Illustrations for the review on materials design and selection are presented. They include the mechanical engineering, the electrochemistry task, and information coordination. No text is presented. (MHR)

Not Available

1977-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

26

Waste Package Materials Performance Peer Review | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Report on Dual-Purpose Canister Disposal Alternatives (FY13) A Review of Stress Corrosion CrackingFatigue Modeling for Light Water Reactor Cooling System Components Working...

27

Bespoke Materials Surfaces Advanced Materials for Fireside Fossil Energy Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As the temperatures and pressures at which components in coal-fired boilers operate are increased, the materials capable of causing deposition of corrosive salts or erosion. In the furnace zone of coal-fired boilers conductivity, and that are tailored for easy application to the waterwall tubes of coal-fired boilers

28

review of extraction, processing, properties & applications of reactive ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

REVIEW OF EXTRACTION,. PROCESSING, PROPERTIES. & APPLICATIONS OF. REACTIVE METALS. Edited by. Brajendra Mishra...

29

Materials Capability Review Los Alamos National Laboratory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

highlights not covered in other themes of the MCR. #12;Operated by Los Alamos National Security, LLC for NNSA F I E D Materials @LANL #12;Operated by Los Alamos National Security, LLC for NNSA U N C L A S S I F #12;Operated by Los Alamos National Security, LLC for NNSA U N C L A S S I F I E D Materials

30

Regulatory Review of Early Site Permit Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) has received and is reviewing three applications for early site permits (ESPs). The ESP process allows early resolution of site-related issues affecting possible construction and operation of a new nuclear power plant. The nuclear industry views a successful and predictable ESP process as an important step in assessing whether to seek authorization to construct and operate a new generation of nuclear power reactors in the United States. Because consideration of ESP applications is a first-of-a-kind activity, a number of issues have emerged prior to and during the reviews of the first three applications. Issues have included the need for design information at the ESP stage, accident analyses, quality assurance, and seismic analyses. The NRC has been working to resolve identified issues to support a Commission decision on whether to issue an ESP approximately 33-37 months after receipt of each ESP application. (authors)

Scott, Michael L. [Senior Project Manager, Office of Nuclear Reactor Regulation, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC 20555 (United States)

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

REVIEWS FOR IN SITU LEACH URANIUM EXTRACTION LICENSE APPLICATIONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Review Plan (NUREG1569) which provides guidance for staff reviews of applications to develop and operate uranium in situ leach facilities. Under the provisions of Title 10 of the Code of Federal Regulations, Part 40 (10 CFR Part 40), Domestic Licensing of Source Material, an NRC Materials License is required to conduct uranium recovery by in situ leach extraction techniques. Applicants for a new license and operators seeking an amendment or renewal of an existing license are required to provided detailed information on the facilities, equipment, and procedures used in the proposed activities. In addition, the applicant for a new license also provides an Environmental Report that discusses the effects of proposed operations on the health and safety of the public and assesses impacts to the environment. For amendment or renewal of an existing license, the original Environmental Report is supplemented, as necessary. This information is used by the NRC staff to determine whether the proposed activities will be protective of public health and safety and the environment and to fulfill NRC responsibilities under the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA). The purpose of the Standard Review Plan (NUREG1569) is to provide the NRC staff with guidance on performing reviews of information provided by the applicant, and to ensure a consistent quality and

In Situ; Leach Uranium; In Situ; Leach Uranium; J. Lusher

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Chemistry and Material Sciences Applications Training at NERSC...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 or 510-486-8611 Home For Users Training & Tutorials Training Events Chemistry and Material Sciences Applications Chemistry and Material Sciences Applications June...

33

June 26 Training: Using Chemistry and Material Sciences Applications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

June 26 Training: Using Chemistry and Material Sciences Applications June 26 Training: Using Chemistry and Material Sciences Applications June 15, 2012 by Francesca Verdier (0...

34

Laser Applications in Materials Processing - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Symposium. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2010. Symposium, Laser Applications in Materials Processing. Sponsorship, MS&T...

35

Industrial Needs and Applications for Soft Magnetic Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Industrial Needs and Applications for Soft Magnetic Materials. Author(s) ... Bonded Magnetocaloric Powders for the Refrigeration Application.

36

Industrial Requirements and Applications of Hard Magnetic Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Industrial Requirements and Applications of Hard Magnetic Materials ... Bonded Magnetocaloric Powders for the Refrigeration Application.

37

WDTS Application & Review System (WARS) Mentor Manual  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WDTS Application & Review System (WARS) Mentor Manual #12;2 Table of Contents How To Log #12;3 Logging into the WDTS Mentor Portal To access the WDTS Mentor Portal, you must first have will be sent to your Lab email address · This email will be from wdts.dev@orau.org with the email subject line

Eisen, Michael

38

COMBUSTION SYNTHESIS OF ADVANCED MATERIALS: PRINCIPLESAND APPLICATIONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

COMBUSTION SYNTHESIS OF ADVANCED MATERIALS: PRINCIPLESAND APPLICATIONS Arvind Varma, Alexander S. Gasless Combustion SynthesisFrom Elements B. Combustion Synthesis in Gas-Solid Systems C. Products of Thermite-vpe SHS D. Commercial Aspects IV. Theoretical Considerations A. Combustion Wave Propagation Theory

Mukasyan, Alexander

39

Los Alamos Lab: Materials Physics & Applications Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ADEPS Materials Physics and Applications, MPA ADEPS Materials Physics and Applications, MPA About Us Organization Jobs Materials Physics & Applications Home Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies Superconductivity Technology Center Condensed Matter and Magnet Science Sensors & Electrochemical Devices Materials Chemistry CONTACTS Division Leader Antoinette Taylor Deputy Division Leader David Watkins Point of Contact Susan Duran 505-665-1131 Materials Physics and Applications Division serves as the Laboratory's focal point for fundamental materials physics and materials chemistry, provides world-class user facilities, unique experimental capabilities, and the scientific talent and infrastructure to facilitate understanding and control of materials properties, and develops and apply materials-based solutions

40

Chemical Emissions of Residential Materials and Products: Review of Available Information The Home Energy Scoring Tool: A  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

component of the program has been designed to support the existing energy analysis marketplace by providing web- based applications and market delivery strategy. Introduction Globally, energy usedChemical Emissions of Residential Materials and Products: Review of Available Information

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "review application materials" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Review of export license applications (Strategic Trade Control...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Licensing Nonproliferation & National Security (NPNS) Overview Technical Nonproliferation Policy Support Strategic Trade Control Review of export license applications Multilateral...

42

Nuclear Materials Focus Area Fiscal Year 2002 Mid Year Review  

SciTech Connect

The Nuclear Materials Focus Area (NMFA) held its annual mid-year review on February 12 and 14, 2002, in Santa Fe, New Mexico. The purpose of this review was to examine both the technical aspects and the programmatic aspects of its technology development program. The focus area activities were reviewed by a panel consisting of personnel representing the end users of the technologies, and technical experts in nuclear materials. This year's review was somewhat different than in the past, as the stress was on how well the various projects being managed through the NMFA aligned with the two thrust areas and nine key goals and priorities recently issued by the Deputy Assistant Secretary for DOE's Office of Environmental Management (EM).

Thiel, E.C.; Fuhrman, P.W.

2002-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

43

Nuclear Materials Focus Area Fiscal Year 2002 Mid Year Review  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Nuclear Materials Focus Area (NMFA) held its annual mid-year review on February 12 and 14, 2002, in Santa Fe, New Mexico. The purpose of this review was to examine both the technical aspects and the programmatic aspects of its technology development program. The focus area activities were reviewed by a panel consisting of personnel representing the end users of the technologies, and technical experts in nuclear materials. This year's review was somewhat different than in the past, as the stress was on how well the various projects being managed through the NMFA aligned with the two thrust areas and nine key goals and priorities recently issued by the Deputy Assistant Secretary for DOE's Office of Environmental Management (EM).

Thiel, Elizabeth Chilcote

2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Fast Switching Ferroelectric Materials for Accelerator Applications  

SciTech Connect

Fast switching (<10 nsec) measurement results on the recently developed BST(M) (barium strontium titanium oxide composition with magnesium-based additions) ferroelectric materials are presented. These materials can be used as the basis for new advanced technology components suitable for high-gradient accelerators. A ferroelectric ceramic has an electric field-dependent dielectric permittivity that can be altered by applying a bias voltage. Ferroelectric materials offer significant benefits for linear collider applications, in particular, for switching and control elements where a very short response time of <10 nsec is required. The measurement results presented here show that the new BST(M) ceramic exhibits a high tunability factor: a bias field of 40-50 kV/cm reduces the permittivity by a factor of 1.3-1.5. The recently developed technology of gold biasing contact deposition on large diameter (110 cm) thin wall ferroelectric rings allowed {approx}few nsec switching times in witness sample experiments. The ferroelectric rings can be used at high pulsed power (tens of megawatts) for X-band components as well as at high average power in the range of a few kilowatts for the L-band phase-shifter, under development for optimization of the ILC rf coupling. Accelerator applications include fast active X-band and Ka-band high-power ferroelectric switches, high-power X-band and L-band phase shifters, and tunable dielectric-loaded accelerating structures.

Kanareykin, A.; Schoessow, P. [Euclid Techlabs LLC, Solon, OH 44139 (United States); Nenasheva, E. [Ceramics Co. Ltd, St.Petersburg 194223 (Russian Federation); Yakovlev, V. [Omega-P Inc., New Haven, CT 06511 (United States); Dedyk, A.; Karmanenko, S.; Kozyrev, A.; Osadchy, V.; Kosmin, D.; Semenov, A. [St. Petersburg Electrical Engineering University, St. Petersburg 197376 (Russian Federation)

2006-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

45

2012 Advanced Applications Research & Development Peer Review | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2 Advanced Applications Research & Development Peer Review 2 Advanced Applications Research & Development Peer Review 2012 Advanced Applications Research & Development Peer Review The Advanced Applications Research & Development Peer Review included seven sessions over 2 days on June 12 - 13, 2012. Presentations are available through the individual session links. The agenda and participant list are available below. Presentations June 12 - Day 1: Session I, Session II, Session III, Session IV, Session V June 13 - Day 2: Session VI, Session VII 2012 Advanced Applications R&D Peer Review - Agenda 2012 Advanced Applications R&D Peer Review - Participant List More Documents & Publications 2013 Transmission Reliability Program Peer Review 2012 Advanced Applications Research & Development Peer Review - Day 2

46

A Review of Materials for Gas Turbines Firing Syngas Fuels  

SciTech Connect

Following the extensive development work carried out in the 1990's, gas turbine combined-cycle (GTCC) systems burning natural gas represent a reliable and efficient power generation technology widely used in many parts of the world. A critical factor was that, in order to operate at the high turbine entry temperatures required for high efficiency operation, aero-engine technology, i.e., single-crystal blades, thermal barrier coatings, and sophisticated cooling techniques had to be rapidly scaled up and introduced into these large gas turbines. The problems with reliability that resulted have been largely overcome, so that the high-efficiency GTCC power generation system is now a mature technology, capable of achieving high levels of availability. The high price of natural gas and concern about emission of greenhouse gases has focused attention on the desirability of replacing natural gas with gas derived from coal (syngas) in these gas turbine systems, since typical systems analyses indicate that IGCC plants have some potential to fulfil the requirement for a zero-emissions power generation system. In this review, the current status of materials for the critical hot gas path parts in large gas turbines is briefly considered in the context of the need to burn syngas. A critical factor is that the syngas is a low-Btu fuel, and the higher mass flow compared to natural gas will tend to increase the power output of the engine. However, modifications to the turbine and to the combustion system also will be necessary. It will be shown that many of the materials used in current engines will also be applicable to units burning syngas but, since the combustion environment will contain a greater level of impurities (especially sulfur, water vapor, and particulates), the durability of some components may be prejudiced. Consequently, some effort will be needed to develop improved coatings to resist attack by sulfur-containing compounds, and also erosion.

Gibbons, Thomas [ORNL; Wright, Ian G [ORNL

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

A Review of Materials for Gas Turbines Firing Syngas Fuels  

SciTech Connect

Following the extensive development work carried out in the 1990's, gas turbine combined-cycle (GTCC) systems burning natural gas represent a reliable and efficient power generation technology widely used in many parts of the world. A critical factor was that, in order to operate at the high turbine entry temperatures required for high efficiency operation, aero-engine technology, i.e., single-crystal blades, thermal barrier coatings, and sophisticated cooling techniques had to be rapidly scaled up and introduced into these large gas turbines. The problems with reliability that resulted have been largely overcome, so that the high-efficiency GTCC power generation system is now a mature technology, capable of achieving high levels of availability. The high price of natural gas and concern about emission of greenhouse gases has focused attention on the desirability of replacing natural gas with gas derived from coal (syngas) in these gas turbine systems, since typical systems analyses indicate that IGCC plants have some potential to fulfil the requirement for a zero-emissions power generation system. In this review, the current status of materials for the critical hot gas path parts in large gas turbines is briefly considered in the context of the need to burn syngas. A critical factor is that the syngas is a low-Btu fuel, and the higher mass flow compared to natural gas will tend to increase the power output of the engine. However, modifications to the turbine and to the combustion system also will be necessary. It will be shown that many of the materials used in current engines will also be applicable to units burning syngas but, since the combustion environment will contain a greater level of impurities (especially sulfur, water vapor, and particulates), the durability of some components may be prejudiced. Consequently, some effort will be needed to develop improved coatings to resist attack by sulfur-containing compounds, and also erosion.

Gibbons, Thomas [ORNL; Wright, Ian G [ORNL

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Analysis of Soft Magnetic Materials for Energy Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Analysis of Soft Magnetic Materials for Energy Applications ... Abstract Scope, The world-wide market for magnetic materials is anticipated to...

49

Polymers as advanced materials for desiccant applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This research is concerned with solid materials used as desiccants for desiccant cooling systems (DCSs) that process water vapor in an atmosphere to produce cooling. Background information includes an introduction to DCSs and the role of the desiccant as a system component. The water vapor sorption performance criteria used for screening the modified polymers prepared include the water sorption capacity from 5% to 80% relative humidity (R.H.), isotherm shape, and rate of adsorption and desorption. Measurements are presented for the sorption performance of modified polymeric advanced desiccant materials with the quartz crystal microbalance. Isotherms of polystyrene sulfonic acid (PSSA) taken over a 5-month period show that the material has a dramatic loss in capacity and that the isotherm shape is time dependent. The adsorption and desorption kinetics for PSSA and all the ionic salts of it studied are easily fast enough for commercial DCS applications with a wheel rotation speed of 6 min per revolution. Future activities for the project are addressed, and a 5-year summary of the project is included as Appendix A. 34 refs., 20 figs., 3 tabs.

Czanderna, A.W.

1990-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

High Performance Metallic Materials for Cost Sensitive Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cost Effective Synthesis, Processing and Applications of Light-Weight. Metallic Materials . ... Prospects for Cost Reduction of Titanium Via Electrolysis .

51

Large Scale Production and Applications of Performance Materials ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2013. Symposium, Commercial Production and Applications of Nanomaterials. Presentation Title...

52

Applications of Concentrating Solar Power in Materials Production  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Symposium, Alternative Energy Resources for Metals and Materials Production Symposium. Presentation Title, Applications of Concentrating Solar Power in...

53

Plasmonic materials for energy: from physics to applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Physical mechanisms unique to plasmonic materials, which can be exploited for the existing and emerging applications of plasmonics for renewable energy technologies, are reviewed. The hybrid nature of surface plasmon (SP) modes - propagating surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) and localized surface plasmons (LSPs) - as collective photon-electron oscillations makes them attractive candidates for energy applications. High density of optical states in the vicinity of plasmonic structures enhances light absorption and emission, enables localized heating, and drives near-field heat exchange between hot and cold surfaces. SP modes channel the energy of absorbed photons directly to the free electrons, and the generated hot electrons can be utilized in thermoelectric, photovoltaic and photo-catalytic platforms. Advantages and disadvantages of using plasmonics over conventional technologies for solar energy and waste heat harvesting are discussed, and areas where plasmonics is expected to lead to performance improvement...

Boriskina, Svetlana V; Chen, Gang

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Plasmonic materials for energy: from physics to applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Physical mechanisms unique to plasmonic materials, which can be exploited for the existing and emerging applications of plasmonics for renewable energy technologies, are reviewed. The hybrid nature of surface plasmon (SP) modes - propagating surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) and localized surface plasmons (LSPs) - as collective photon-electron oscillations makes them attractive candidates for energy applications. High density of optical states in the vicinity of plasmonic structures enhances light absorption and emission, enables localized heating, and drives near-field heat exchange between hot and cold surfaces. SP modes channel the energy of absorbed photons directly to the free electrons, and the generated hot electrons can be utilized in thermoelectric, photovoltaic and photo-catalytic platforms. Advantages and disadvantages of using plasmonics over conventional technologies for solar energy and waste heat harvesting are discussed, and areas where plasmonics is expected to lead to performance improvements not achievable by other methods are identified.

Svetlana V. Boriskina; Hadi Ghasemi; Gang Chen

2013-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

55

Chemical Emissions of Residential Materials and Products: Review of  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Chemical Emissions of Residential Materials and Products: Review of Chemical Emissions of Residential Materials and Products: Review of Available Information Title Chemical Emissions of Residential Materials and Products: Review of Available Information Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-3938E Year of Publication 2010 Authors Willem, Henry, and Brett C. Singer Publisher Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory City Berkeley Keywords resave Abstract This report is prepared in the context of a larger program whose mission is to advance understanding of ventilation and indoor air quality in U.S. homes. A specific objective of this program is to develop the scientific basis ? through controlled experiments, monitoring and analysis ? for health risk-based ventilation standards. Appropriate and adequate ventilation is a basic element of a healthy home. Ventilation provides outdoor air and in the process removes indoor odors and contaminants including potentially unhealthful chemicals emitted by indoor materials, products and activities. Ventilation traditionally was assured to occur via infiltration of outdoor air through cracks and other leakage pathways in the residential building envelope. As building air tightness is improved for energy efficiency, infiltration can be reduced to inadequate levels. This has lead to the development of standards requiring mechanical ventilation. Though nominally intended to ensure acceptable indoor air quality, the standards are not explicitly tied to health risk or pollutant exposure targets. LBNL is currently designing analyses to assess the impact of varying ventilation standards on pollutant concentrations, health risks and energy use. These analyses require information on sources of chemical pollutant emissions, ideally including emission rates and the impact of ventilation on emissions. Some information can be obtained from recent studies that report measurements of various air contaminants and their concentrations in U.S. residences. Another way to obtain this information is the bottom-up approach of collecting and evaluating emissions data from construction and interior materials and common household products. This review contributes to the latter approach by summarizing available information on chemical emissions from new residential products and materials. We review information from the scientific literature and public sources to identify and discuss the databases that provide information on new or low-emission materials and products. The review focuses on the primary chemical or volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions from interior surface materials, furnishings, and some regularly used household products; all of these emissions are amenable to ventilation. Though it is an important and related topic, this review does not consider secondary pollutants that result from reactions of ozone and unsaturated organics bound to or emitted from material surfaces. Semi-volatile organic compounds (SVOCs) have been largely excluded from this review because ventilation generally is not an effective way to control SVOC exposures. Nevertheless, health concerns about exposures to SVOCs emitted from selected materials warrant some discussion.

56

2012 Advanced Applications Research & Development Peer Review - Day 1  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2012 Advanced Applications Research & Development Peer Review - Day 2012 Advanced Applications Research & Development Peer Review - Day 1 Presentations 2012 Advanced Applications Research & Development Peer Review - Day 1 Presentations The Advanced Applications Research & Development Peer Review included seven sessions over 2 days on June 12 - 13, 2012. Presentations from Day 1 (Sessions I through V) are available below. Session I: Dan Trudnowski, Ning Zhou, Mani Venkatasubramanian Session II: Brett Amidan, Bharat Bhargava, Ning Zhou Session III: Ken Martin, Mani Venkatasubramanian Session IV: Jeff Dagle, Jim Dyer, Joe Gracia, Joe Eto Session V: Joe Eto 2012 Advanced Applications R&D Peer Review - Measurement-Based Stability Assessment - Dan Trudnowski, U Montana 2012 Advanced Applications R&D Peer Review - Mode Meter Development - Ning

57

2012 Advanced Applications Research & Development Peer Review - Day 2  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2 Presentations 2 Presentations 2012 Advanced Applications Research & Development Peer Review - Day 2 Presentations The Advanced Applications Research & Development Peer Review included seven sessions over 2 days on June 12 - 13, 2012. Presentations from Day 2 (Sessions VI and VII) are available below. Session VI: Yuri Makarov, Henry Huang, Jim McCalley Session VII: Carlos Martinez, Pete Sauer, Gil Tam 2012 Advanced Applications R&D Peer Review - Real-Time Wide-Area Montoring Tool Based on CELL Method - Yuri Makarov, PNNL 2012 Advanced Applications R&D Peer Review - Modal Analysis for Grid Operations (MANGO) - Henry Huang, PNNL 2012 Advanced Applications R&D Peer Review - New Security Tools for Real-Time Operations - Jim McCalley, Iowa State 2012 Advanced Applications R&D Peer Review - Automatic Reliability Reports

58

FINAL REPORT WASTE PACKAGE MATERIALS PERFORMANCE PEER REVIEW PANEL  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

REPORT REPORT WASTE PACKAGE MATERIALS PERFORMANCE PEER REVIEW PANEL FEBRUARY 28, 2002 This document is not an official copy and is for informational purposes only. Signature Page Preface Executive Summary TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. INTRODUCTION 1.1 Organization of the Peer Review 1.2 Objectives of the Review 1.3 Content of the Final Report 2. MAIN FINDINGS 2.1 Perspective 2.2 Overall Findings 2.3 Corrosion Degradation Modes 2.4 Higher or Lower Temperature Operating Modes 2.5 Long-Term Uniform Corrosion of Passive Metal 2.6 Alloy Specification and Comparison 2.7 Technical Issues to be Resolved 2.8 Organizational-Managerial Issues 3. SUMMARY OF DEGRADATION MODES AND CONTRIBUTING FACTORS 3.1 Introduction 3.2 Repository Conditions: Overview of Time, Temperature, Environment

59

Energy Storage Systems 2007 Peer Review - Utility & Commercial Applications  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Utility & Commercial Utility & Commercial Applications Presentations Energy Storage Systems 2007 Peer Review - Utility & Commercial Applications Presentations The U.S. DOE Energy Storage Systems Program (ESS) held an annual peer review on September 27, 2007 in San Francisco, CA. Eighteen presentations were divided into categories; those related to utility, commercial, and rail applications of advanced energy storage systems are below. Other presentation categories were: Economics - Benefit Studies and Environment Benefit Studies International Energy Storage Programs Power Electronics Innovations in Energy Storage Systems ESS 2007 Peer Review - Application of Large-Scale ESS in AEP - Ali Nourai, AEP.pdf ESS 2007 Peer Review - Iowa Stored Energy Park - Kent Holst, ISEP.pdf

60

Materials: Innovations in Design for Circuit Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 8, 2012 ... Advances in Dielectric Materials and Electronic Devices: Materials: ... Kumar1; Yuri Yuzyuk1; James Scott1; 1University of Puerto Rico ... Novel dielectric films have been investigated for use in pulse power capacitors with...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "review application materials" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Accelerated Materials Evaluation for Nuclear Application Utilizing ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jul 15, 2013... of accelerated nuclear materials testing for fission and fusion reactors. Presentations combining experiment with theory, modeling and...

62

MSE 891: Materials for Energy Applications Spring 2010  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1, 2 Module III: photovoltaic materials Inorganic semiconductors for solar cell applications Morelli include: unconventional geologic fuels and biofuels; photovoltaic materials and solar energy conversion Feb 17,22 Module III: photovoltaic materials Introduction and design of materials Morelli Feb 24, Mar

63

Materials for High-temperature Applications: Next Generation ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As these applications continue to evolve, they demand structural materials that can withstand ... Experimental Measurements of the Elastic Response of EBPVD ...

64

Application of Metal Injection Molding to Soft Magnetic Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Advances in Current Activated Tip-Based Sintering (CATS) Advances in Synthesis and Densification of Heterogeneous Materials Application of Metal Injection...

65

Materials Physics and Applications Division Lead | National Nuclear...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Materials Physics and Applications Division Lead | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy...

66

Heat Transfer through Materials: Application to Silica Aerogels...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Heat Transfer through Materials: Application to Silica Aerogels and Building Envelopes Speaker(s): Brangre Lartigue Date: December 19, 2005 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 After...

67

Development of Thin-Film Materials Technology for Energy Applications...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Development of Thin-Film Materials Technology for Energy Applications: High Temperature Superconductors, etc. Speaker(s): Ronald Reade Date: January 15, 2002 - 12:00pm Location:...

68

Materials Handbook for Nuclear Plant Pressure Boundary Applications (2013)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Utility engineers require accurate structural materials properties and performance data to make decisions regarding the adequacy of materials for nuclear power applications. To meet this need, the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) publishes the Materials Handbook for Nuclear Plant Pressure Boundary Applications, which has been updated and revised since its initial publication in 1998. The primary focus of the handbook is on pressure boundary materials such as those used for piping ...

2013-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

69

Energy Storage Systems 2007 Peer Review - Utility & Commercial Applications  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7 Peer Review - Utility & Commercial 7 Peer Review - Utility & Commercial Applications Presentations Energy Storage Systems 2007 Peer Review - Utility & Commercial Applications Presentations The U.S. DOE Energy Storage Systems Program (ESS) held an annual peer review on September 27, 2007 in San Francisco, CA. Eighteen presentations were divided into categories; those related to utility, commercial, and rail applications of advanced energy storage systems are below. Other presentation categories were: Economics - Benefit Studies and Environment Benefit Studies International Energy Storage Programs Power Electronics Innovations in Energy Storage Systems ESS 2007 Peer Review - Application of Large-Scale ESS in AEP - Ali Nourai, AEP.pdf ESS 2007 Peer Review - Iowa Stored Energy Park - Kent Holst, ISEP.pdf

70

2012 Advanced Applications Research & Development Peer Review - Day 1  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1 Presentations 1 Presentations 2012 Advanced Applications Research & Development Peer Review - Day 1 Presentations The Advanced Applications Research & Development Peer Review included seven sessions over 2 days on June 12 - 13, 2012. Presentations from Day 1 (Sessions I through V) are available below. Session I: Dan Trudnowski, Ning Zhou, Mani Venkatasubramanian Session II: Brett Amidan, Bharat Bhargava, Ning Zhou Session III: Ken Martin, Mani Venkatasubramanian Session IV: Jeff Dagle, Jim Dyer, Joe Gracia, Joe Eto Session V: Joe Eto 2012 Advanced Applications R&D Peer Review - Measurement-Based Stability Assessment - Dan Trudnowski, U Montana 2012 Advanced Applications R&D Peer Review - Mode Meter Development - Ning Zhou, PNNL 2012 Advanced Applications R&D Peer Review - Oscillation Monitoring System

71

June 26 Training: Using Chemistry and Material Sciences Applications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

June June 26 Training: Using Chemistry and Material Sciences Applications June 26 Training: Using Chemistry and Material Sciences Applications June 15, 2012 by Francesca Verdier (0 Comments) NERSC will present a three-hour training class focussed on Chemistry and Material Sciences applications on Tuesday, June 26, from 9:00 to 12:00 Pacific Time. The first hour of the training is targeted at beginners. We will show you how to get started running material science and chemistry application codes at NERSC. We will demonstrate how to use the preinstalled VASP and Gaussian applications at NERSC efficiently. In the second hour, we will discuss more advanced use cases, such as managing workflows, compiling optimized versions of custom material science and chemistry applications.

72

Magnetic Materials for Energy Applications IV  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy efficient cooling based on the magnetocaloric effect is an exciting possibility which is rapidly becoming ... Magnetic Materials for Green Innovation.

73

Materials for Transportation Applications: Selected Proceedings ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 15, 2006 ... A collection of papers from MS&T'06 held in Cincinnati, OH, October 15-19, 2006, covering topics related to Materials for Transportation...

74

Materials for Transportation Applications: Selected Proceedings ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sep 16, 2007 ... A collection of papers from MS&T'07 held in Detroit, MI, September 16-20, 2007, covering topics related to Materials for Transportation...

75

Materials Tribology: Fundamentals, Applications and Solutions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Thomas W. Scharf, University of North Texas. Scope, This symposium seeks to address the fundamental materials issues governing adhesion, friction and wear

76

Superconducting materials for large scale applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IEEE Trans. Applied Superconductivity, vol. 12, pp.4. Power Applications of Superconductivity, in Handbookof Applied Superconductivity, B. Seeber, ed. , Bristol, UK:

Scanlan, Ronald M.; Malozemoff, Alexis P.; Larbalestier, David C.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Computational Modeling Techniques and Applications for Materials ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 17, 2002 ... He is a member of TMS, the Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics (SIAM ), a Fellow of the Institute for Mathematics and its Applications...

78

Materials review for improved automotive gas-turbine engine. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Advanced materials are the key to achieving the performance and fuel economy goals of improved automotive gas turbine engines. The potential role of superalloys, refractory alloys, and ceramics in the hottest sections of future engines that may be required to operate with turbine inlet temperatures as high as 1370/sup 0/C (2500/sup 0/F) is examined. These high temperature materials are reviewed. The characteristics of the best modern conventional superalloys, directionally solidified eutectics, oxide dispersion strengthened alloys, and tungsten fiber reinforced superalloys are reviewed; and the most promising alloys in each system are compared on the basis of maximum turbine blade temperature capability. The requirements for improved high temperature protective coatings and special fabrication techniques for these advanced alloys are discussed. Chromium, columbium, molybdenum, tantalum, and tungsten alloys are reviewed. On the basis of properties, cost, availability, and strategic importance, molybdenum alloys are found to be the most suitable refractory material for turbine wheels for mass produced engines. Ceramic material candidates are reviewed and ranked according to their probability of success in particular applications. Various forms of, and fabrication processes for both silicon nitride and silicon carbide, along with SiAlON's are investigated for use in high-stress and medium-stress high temperature environments. Low-stress glass-ceramic regenerator materials are also investigated. Treatment is given to processing requirements, such as coatings for oxidation/corrosion protection, joining methods, and machining technology. Economics of ceramic raw materials, and of various processing methods are discussed. Conclusions are drawn, and recommendations for areas of further research are proposed for consideration and/or adoption.

Belleau, C.; Ehlers, W.L.; Hagen, F.A.

1978-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Review: a comprehensive overview of the applications of artificial life  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We review the applications of artificial life ALife, the creation of synthetic life on computers to study, simulate, and understand living systems. The definition and features of ALife are shown by application studies. ALife application fields treated ... Keywords: Artificial life, evolution, hardware, perspective, simulation, software

Kyung-Joong Kim; Sung-Bae Cho

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Advanced housing materials for extreme space applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Thermal stresses have a significant impact on the mechanical integrity and performance of RF hybrid circuits. To minimize this impact, a series of spray deposited Si-Al alloys were evaluated for use in electronic housing applications. Current housings ...

Linda Del Castillo; James P. Hoffman; Gaj Birur

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "review application materials" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Nuclear Maintenance Applications Center: Material Handling Application Guide  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although the majority of the material handling activities at nuclear power plant sites are similar to the material handling activities in many other industries, there are several differences unique to the nuclear power industry. This guide to material handling equipment and its safe and effective operation at nuclear plants covers basic common practices while taking into account those unique differences. Recent industry experiences provide context for the guidance in the report.

2007-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

82

Nuclear Maintenance Applications Center: Material Handling Application Guide  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

BackgroundDuring 2005 and 2006, there were nine Institute of Nuclear Power Operations (INPO) operating events (OEs) from material handling incidents. A fatality occurred at Browns Ferry on Oct. 1, 2005, when a small article radiation monitor overturned while being moved on a material handling cart (INPO OE21844).More than 50 serious OEs concerning material handling activities have occurred in the past 10 years. The majority of these incidents involved the ...

2012-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

83

The Standard Review Plan for Review of License Renewal Applications for Nuclear Power  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Plants (SRP-LR) provides guidance to Nuclear Regulatory Commission staff reviewers in the Office of Nuclear Reactor Regulation. These reviewers perform safety reviews of applications to renew nuclear power plant licenses in accordance with Title 10 of the Code of Federal Regulations Part 54. The principal purposes of the SRP-LR are to ensure the quality and uniformity of staff reviews and to present a well-defined base from which to evaluate applicant programs and activities for the period of extended operation. The SRP-LR is also intended to make information about regulatory matters widely available, to enhance communication with interested members of the public and the nuclear power industry, and to improve public and industry understanding of the staff review process. The safety review is based primarily on the information provided by the applicant in a license renewal application. Each of the individual SRP-LR sections addresses (1) who performs the review, (2) the matters that are reviewed, (3) the basis for review, (4) the way the review is accomplished, and (5) the conclusions that are sought.

Power Plants

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Guidance on EIS Review and Recovery Act Loan Guarantee Applications |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Guidance on EIS Review and Recovery Act Loan Guarantee Applications Guidance on EIS Review and Recovery Act Loan Guarantee Applications Guidance on EIS Review and Recovery Act Loan Guarantee Applications June 8, 2010 - 2:22pm Addthis DOE must complete NEPA review before it may provide financial assistance in the form of loan guarantees. Projects seeking such assistance under Section 1705 of Title XVII of the Energy Policy Act of 2005, 22 U.S.C. 16511-16514, must commence construction no later than September 30, 2011. Because many of DOE's Environmental Impact Statements (EISs) take 18-24 months to complete, the Department has previously notified applicants that DOE, "will be unlikely to complete the NEPA process" for a project requiring an EIS in sufficient time to make an award. This statement has led to questions whether there are any circumstances under which DOE may be

85

A review for mobile commerce research and applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although a large volume of literature is available on mobile commerce (m-commerce), the topic is still under development and offers potential opportunities for further research and applications. Since the subject is at the stage of development, a review ... Keywords: Framework, Future research, Literature review, Mobile commerce (m-commerce)

E. W. T. Ngai; A. Gunasekaran

2007-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Bat algorithm: literature review and applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Bat algorithm BA is a bio-inspired algorithm developed by Xin-She Yang in 2010 and BA has been found to be very efficient. As a result, the literature has expanded significantly in the last three years. This paper provides a timely review of the bat ...

Xin-She Yang, Xingshi He

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

A REVIEW OF RECENT IMPURITY MEASUREMENTS OF LANL MATERIAL  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Applied Computational Engineering and Statistics (ACES) group of the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) was asked to review recent measurements performed by the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) on material from that facility that is being considered for processing through the Mixed Oxide (MOX) Fuel Fabrication Facility (MFFF) at the Savannah River Site (SRS). There are specification limits for impurities in the feed to the MOX facility: a maximum limit and an exceptional limit. The limits for an impurity apply to the population of concentration values for that impurity for a class of material that is to be processed through MOX. For the purposes of this report, these limits were defined as follows. The concentration of an elemental impurity, expressed as micrograms of the element per gram of plutonium ({micro}g/g Pu), is to be no more than the maximum limit for that element for 98% of the material coming through MOX; that is, 98% of the material processed at MOX is to have a concentration of the given element less than the maximum limit. In addition, the concentration for a given element is to be no more than the exceptional limit for that element for 99.9% of the material processed through MOX. The measurements evaluated as part of this study included LANL blend lots 1 through 29 and cover carbon (C), chlorine (Cl), fluorine (F), nitrogen (N), phosphorous (P), and sulfur (S). Note that all of the measurements for each impurity were below their respective maximum (and obviously, therefore, their exceptional) limits. Thus, there is no immediate concern regarding the LANL material being suitable for processing through MOX. Two approaches were used to investigate the quantiles of the impurity populations. The first approach used was a nonparametric approach. While the results from this approach did not indicate any problems for any of the impurities, there was too little data available to lead to confident statements about satisfying the maximum and exceptional limits. Impurity data from additional random samples of the LANL material would be needed to increase the confidence level associated with the results from a nonparametric approach for investigating the population quantiles of interest. For S, F, and Cl, only a nonparametric approach was used. A second approach, a parametric approach, was attempted for C, P, and N. However, the results for the P and N measurements indicated that each of their respective populations was not well modeled by a normal or by a lognormal distribution. Thus, the conclusions for the P and N populations were those provided by the nonparametric approach. From the parametric approach, the results for C indicated no issue in the LANL material meeting the maximum limit for this element assuming that the measurements for this element follow a lognormal distribution.

Edwards, T.

2012-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

88

Theory of piezoelectric materials and their applications in civil engineering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The goal of this thesis is to explore ways of harvesting energy from a building. To be more specific, the conversion of mechanical energy into electrical energy using piezoelectric materials is studied. Applications of ...

Ledoux, Antoine, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Magnet operating experience review for fusion applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report presents a review of magnet operating experiences for normal-conducting and superconducting magnets from fusion, particle accelerator, medical technology, and magnetohydrodynamics research areas. Safety relevant magnet operating experiences are presented to provide feedback on field performance of existing designs and to point out the operational safety concerns. Quantitative estimates of magnet component failure rates and accident event frequencies are also presented, based on field experience and on performance of similar components in other industries.

Cadwallader, L.C.

1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

Beryllium - A Unique Material in Nuclear Applications  

SciTech Connect

Beryllium, due to its unique combination of structural, chemical, atomic number, and neutron absorption cross section characteristics, has been used successfully as a neutron reflector for three generations of nuclear test reactors at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL). The Advanced Test Reactor (ATR), the largest test reactor in the world, has utilized five successive beryllium neutron reflectors and is scheduled for continued operation with a sixth beryllium reflector. A high radiation environment in a test reactor produces radiation damage and other changes in beryllium. These changes necessitate safety analysis of the beryllium, methods to predict performance, and appropriate surveillances. Other nuclear applications also utilize beryllium. Beryllium, given its unique atomic, physical, and chemical characteristics, is widely used as a window for x-rays and gamma rays. Beryllium, intimately mixed with high-energy alpha radiation emitters has been successfully used to produce neutron sources. This paper addresses operational experience and methodologies associated with the use of beryllium in nuclear test reactors and in windows for x-rays and gamma rays. Other nuclear applications utilizing beryllium are also discussed.

T., A. Tomberlin

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Review: Review of soil water models and their applications in Australia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Agriculture is the highest consumer of water resources in Australia. Soil water models play a vital role in agriculture in terms of estimating water use, water allocation and current water status at a given scale. This paper reviews widely-used soil ... Keywords: Applications, Complex models, Data availability, Limitations, Model review, Performances, Simple models, Soil water modelling, Water balance

Kemachandra Ranatunga; Eloise R. Nation; David G. Barratt

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Role of Friction in Materials Selection for Automotive Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This is an invited article for a special issue of the ASM International monthly magazine that concerns "Automotive Materials and Applications." The article itself overviews frictional considerations in material selection for automobiles. It discusses implications for energy efficiency (engine friction) and safety (brakes) among other topics.

Blau, Peter Julian [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

A Practitioners' Review of Industrial Agent Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

ERIM's1 Center for Electronic Commerce (CEC) hosted a two-day Workshop on Industrial Agents (WINA) in Ann Arbor, MI on Nov. 1213, 1998. Participation in the workshop was by invitation only, and was restricted to companies with whom ... Keywords: industrial applications, methods, software tools, workshop report

H. Van Dyke Parunak

2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Chemical Emissions of Residential Materials and Products: Review of Available Information Environmental Energy Technologies Division  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chemical Emissions of Residential Materials and Products: Review of Available Information Contract 500-08-06. Chemical Emissions of Residential Materials and Products: Review of Available Information Henry Willem and Brett C. Singer LBNL-3938E #12;Chemical Emissions of Residential Materials

95

Potential applications of nanostructured materials in nuclear waste management.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report summarizes the results obtained from a Laboratory Directed Research & Development (LDRD) project entitled 'Investigation of Potential Applications of Self-Assembled Nanostructured Materials in Nuclear Waste Management'. The objectives of this project are to (1) provide a mechanistic understanding of the control of nanometer-scale structures on the ion sorption capability of materials and (2) develop appropriate engineering approaches to improving material properties based on such an understanding.

Braterman, Paul S. (The University of North Texas, Denton, TX); Phol, Phillip Isabio; Xu, Zhi-Ping (The University of North Texas, Denton, TX); Brinker, C. Jeffrey; Yang, Yi (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM); Bryan, Charles R.; Yu, Kui; Xu, Huifang (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM); Wang, Yifeng; Gao, Huizhen

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Metal Hydrides for Thermal Energy Storage Applications - A review  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Symposium, Energy Storage: Materials, Systems and Applications. Presentation Title ... Hydrogen Generation Using Cyclic Redox Reaction of Iron Oxide ... The Effect the Distribution of the Conducting Phase on SiCO-Li+ Anode Performance.

97

Disruptive Materials - ORNL Review Vol. 46, No. 1, 2013  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for example, result in safer cars. Photoelectric materials can boost the efficiency of solar panels, and lightweight materials improve the fuel efficiency of all kinds of...

98

Application of nonlinear wave modulation spectroscopy to discern material damage  

SciTech Connect

Materials containing structural damage have a far greater nonlinear elastic response than materials with no structural damage. This is the basis for nonlinear wave diagnostics of damage, methods which are remarkably sensitive to the detection and progression of damage in materials. Here the authors describe one nonlinear method, the application of harmonics and sum and difference frequency to discern damage in materials. The method is termed Nonlinear Wave Modulation Spectroscopy (NWMS). It consists of exciting a sample with continuous waves of two separate frequencies simultaneously, and inspecting the harmonics of the two waves, and their sum and difference frequencies (sidebands). Undamaged materials are essentially linear in their response to the two waves, while the same material, when damaged, becomes highly nonlinear, manifested by harmonics and sideband generation. The authors illustrate the method by experiments on uncracked and cracked plexiglass and sandstone samples, and by applying it to intact and damaged engine components.

Johnson, P.A. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Sutin, A. [Stevens Inst. of Tech., Hoboken, NJ (United States); Abeele, K.E.A. van den [Catholic Univ. Leuven (Belgium). Dept. of Building Physics

1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Training April 5 - Material Science and Chemistry Applications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

April 5 April 5 Training April 5 - Material Science and Chemistry Applications March 9, 2011 by Francesca Verdier Training on "Using Chemistry and Material Sciences Applications" will be held April 5, presented simultaneously on the web and at NERSC. See Chemistry and Material Sciences Applications. User Announcements Email announcement archive Subscribe via RSS Subscribe Browse by Date January 2014 December 2013 November 2013 October 2013 September 2013 August 2013 July 2013 June 2013 May 2013 April 2013 March 2013 February 2013 January 2013 December 2012 November 2012 October 2012 August 2012 June 2012 May 2012 April 2012 March 2012 February 2012 January 2012 December 2011 November 2011 October 2011 September 2011 August 2011 July 2011 June 2011 May 2011 April 2011 March 2011 February 2011

100

Encapsulant Material For Solar Cell Module And Laminated Glass Applications  

SciTech Connect

An encapsulant material includes a layer of metallocene polyethylene disposed between two layers of an acid copolymer of polyethylene. More specifically, the layer of metallocene polyethylene is disposed adjacent a rear surface of the first layer of the acid copolymer of polyethylene, and a second layer of the acid copolymer of polyethlene is disposed adjacent a rear surface of the layer of metallocene polyethylene. The encapsulant material can be used in solar cell module and laminated glass applications.

Hanoka, Jack I. (Brookline, MA); Klemchuk, Peter P. (Watertown, CT)

2001-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "review application materials" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Aerogels: A new material for emissive display applications  

SciTech Connect

The remarkable optical and electronic properties of doped and undoped silica aerogels establish their utility as unique, multifunctional host materials for fluorescent dyes and other luminescent materials for display and imaging applications. We present results on the photoluminescence and absorption of undoped silica aerogels and aerogels doped with Er{sup 3+}, rhodamine 6G (R6G), and fluorescein. We also demonstrate evidence of Fowler-Nordheim tunneling of electrons in aerogels. 4 refs., 10 figs.

Glauser, S.A.C. [California Univ., Davis, CA (United States); Lee, H.W.H. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Application of a Hybrid Potts-Phase Field Model to Nuclear Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2012. Symposium, Materials Development for Nuclear Applications and Extreme Environments.

103

Review of sodium effects on candidate materials for central receiver solar-thermal power systems  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Available information on the corrosion behavior and mechanical properties of structural materials in a high-temperature sodium environment has been reviewed to compile a data base for selection of materials for advanced central-receiver solar-power systems, for which sodium is being considered as a heat-transfer fluid and thermal-storage medium. Candidate materials for this application (e.g., Types 304, 316, and 321 stainless steel, Alloy 800, and Fe-2 1/4 Cr-1Mo and Fe-9Cr-1Mo ferritic steels) have been used in the construction of various components for liquid-metal fast-breeder reactors in this country and abroad with considerable success. Requirements for additional information on material properties in a sodium environment are identified. The additional data coupled with more quantitative deformation models, failure criteria, and component design rules will further reduce uncertainties in the assessment of performance limits and component reliability in large sodium heat-transport systems. 120 references.

Chopra, O.K.; Wang, J.Y.N.; Natesan, K.

1979-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Applicability of the semiotic inspection method: a systematic literature review  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In 2006 the Semiotic Inspection Method (SIM) was proposed and the authors raised the hypothesis that it was a technology and domain independent evaluation method. The aim of this study was to investigate whether published studies describing the use of ... Keywords: applicability, semiotic engineering, semiotic inspection method, systematic literature review

Soraia De S. Reis; Raquel O. Prates

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Polymers as advanced materials for desiccant applications, 1988  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report documents work to identify a next-generation, low-cost material with which solar energy or heat from another low-cost energy source can be used for regenerating the water vapor sorption activity of the desiccant. The objective of the work is to determine how the desired sorption performance of advanced desiccant materials can be predicted by understanding the role of the material modifications and material surfaces. The work concentrates on solid materials to be used for desiccant cooling systems and which process water vapor in an atmosphere to produce cooling. The work involved preparing modifications of polystyrene sulfonic acid sodium salt, synthesizing a hydrogel, and evaluating the sorption performances of these and similar commercially available polymeric materials; all materials were studied for their potential application in solid commercial desiccant cooling systems. Background information is also provided on desiccant cooling systems and the role of a desiccant material within such a system, and it includes the use of polymers as desiccant materials. 31 refs., 16 figs., 5 tabs.

Czanderna, A.W.; Neidlinger, H.H.

1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

A Review: Solar Thermal Reactors for Materials Production  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Currently, there are no industrial scale solar reactors used for material processing and only small research units have been tried. Various laboratory scale solar...

107

ESS 2012 Peer Review - Next Generation Composite Materials for...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

purposes, materials with higher strengths, and lower densities that would allow the flywheel to spin faster are desirable. We have recently begun a project to develop new...

108

Chemical Emissions of Residential Materials and Products: Review of Available Information  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

wood materials used (i.e. plywood, OSB, MDB, cabinetry) (regulation is applicable to plywood, particle board, medium-Carpet, polyurethane foam Plywood Laminate w/ particle board

Willem, Henry

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Heavy Vehicle Materials Program 2005 Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MERIT REVIEW & PEER EVALUATION REPORT MERIT REVIEW & PEER EVALUATION REPORT HEAVY VEHICLE MATERIALS PROGRAM Less dependence on foreign oil, and eventual transition to an emissions-free, petroleum-free vehicle F r e e d o m C A r A n d V e h i C l e T e C h n o l o g i e s P r o g r A m Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 November 2005 Dear Colleague: This document summarizes the comments provided by the Review Panel for the FY 2005 Department of Energy (DOE) Heavy Vehicle Materials Program Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting, held September 13-15, 2005 at Oak Ridge National Laboratory in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. The goal of this document is to provide the reader with a summary of the comments and scores from expert reviewers from industry and government on these Materials Technologies projects.

110

Uranium for hydrogen storage applications : a materials science perspective.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Under appropriate conditions, uranium will form a hydride phase when exposed to molecular hydrogen. This makes it quite valuable for a variety of applications within the nuclear industry, particularly as a storage medium for tritium. However, some aspects of the U+H system have been characterized much less extensively than other common metal hydrides (particularly Pd+H), likely due to radiological concerns associated with handling. To assess the present understanding, we review the existing literature database for the uranium hydride system in this report and identify gaps in the existing knowledge. Four major areas are emphasized: {sup 3}He release from uranium tritides, the effects of surface contamination on H uptake, the kinetics of the hydride phase formation, and the thermal desorption properties. Our review of these areas is then used to outline potential avenues of future research.

Shugard, Andrew D.; Tewell, Craig R.; Cowgill, Donald F.; Kolasinski, Robert D.

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Materials capability review Los Alamos National Laboratory, May 3-6, 2010  

SciTech Connect

The 2010 'Capability Review' process at LANL significantly differs from the Division reviews of prior years. The Capabilities being reviewed (some 4-8 per year) are deliberately chosen to be crosscutting over the Laboratory, and therefore will include not only several experimental, theoretical and simulation disciplines, but also contributions from multiple line organizations. This approach is consistent with the new Laboratory organizational structure, focusing on agile and integrated capabilities applied to present national security missions, and also nurtured to be available for rapid application to future missions. The overall intent is that the Committee assess the quality of the science, engineering, and technology identified in the agenda, and advise the LANS Board of Governors and Laboratory management. Specifically, the Committees will: (1) Assess the quality of science, technology and engineering within the Capability in the areas defined in the agenda. Identify issues to develop or enhance the core competencies within this capability. (2) Evaluate the integration of this capability across the Laboratory organizations that are listed in the agenda in terms of joint programs, projects, proposals, and/or publications. Describe the integration of this capability in the wider scientific community using the recognition as a leader within the community, ability to set research agendas, and attraction and retention of staff. (3) Assess the quality and relevance of this capability's science, technology and engineering contributions to current and emerging Laboratory programs, including Nuclear Weapons, Threat Reduction/Homeland Security, and Energy Security. (4) Advise the Laboratory Director/Principal Associate Director for Science, Technology and Engineering on the health of the Capability including the current and future (5 year) science, technology and engineering staff needs, mix of research and development activities, program opportunities, environment for conducting science, technology and engineering. The specific charge for the Materials Capability Review is to assess the Los Alamos Laboratory Directed Research and Development project titled, 'First Principles Predictive Capabilities for Transuranic Materials: Mott Insulators to Correlated Metals' using the criteria performance, quality, and relevance for the current status of the project. The committee is requested to provide advice on future direction of the project.

Taylor, Antoinette [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Erosive wear of selected materials for fossil energy applications  

SciTech Connect

A number of materials have been evaluated to determine their erosion resistance for fossil energy applications. This is part of a larger program to study wear and corrosion at Albany Research Center. This paper will present the results for some of these materials, including FeAl, FeAl cermets, WC-Co cemented carbides, Si3N4-MoSi2, Si3N4, Stellite 6B, white cast irons and 440C steel. Trends in erosion rates due to material properties and erosive conditions will be presented. FeAl cermets performed well compared to the WC-Co cemented carbides. The interparticle spacing of the WC-Co cemented carbides correlated with the erosion rate. The erosion rate of the WC-Co cemented carbides decreased as the interparticle spacing decreased. It is important to realize that erosion resistance is not an intrinsic material property, but is a system response. A change in the wear environment can significantly alter the relative rankings of materials with respect to their wear rate. For example, at relatively low velocities, the carbides in the white cast irons are more erosion resistant than the matrix, while at higher velocities the matrix is more erosion resistant.

Adler, Thomas A.; Rawers, James C.; Tylczak, Joseph H.; Hawk, Jeffrey A.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Chemistry and Applications of Metal-Organic Materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Developing the synthetic control required for the intentional 3-D arrangement of atoms remains a holy grail in crystal engineering and materials chemistry. The explosive development of metal-organic materials in recent decades has shed light on the above problem. Their properties can be tuned by varying the organic and/or inorganic building units. In addition, their crystallinity makes it possible to determine their structures via the X-ray diffraction method. This dissertation will focus on the chemistry and applications of two kinds of metal-organic materials, namely, metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) and metal-organic polyhedra (MOP). MOFs are coordination polymers. Their permanent porosity makes them a good gas sponge. In the first section, an isoreticular series of MOFs with dendritic hexacarboxylate ligands has been synthesized and characterized structurally. One of the MOFs in this series, PCN-68, has a Langmuir surface area as high as 6033 m2 g-1. The MOFs also possess excellent gas (H2, CH4, and CO2) adsorption capacity. In the second section, a NbO-type MOF, PCN-46, was constructed based on a polyyne-coupled di-isophthalate linker formed in situ. Its lasting porosity was confirmed by N2 adsorption isotherm, and its H2, CH4 and CO2 adsorption capacity was examined at 77 K and 298 K over a wide pressure range (0-110 bar). Unlike MOFs, MOP are discrete porous coordination nanocages. In the third section, a MOP covered with bulky triisopropylsilyl group was synthesized, which exhibits a thermosensitive gate opening property. This material demonstrates a molecular sieving effect at a certain temperature range, which could be used for gas separation purpose. In the last section, a MOP covered with alkyne group was synthesized through kinetic control. The postsynthetic modification via click reaction with azide-terminated polyethylene glycol turned them into metallomicelles, which showed controlled release of an anticancer drug 5-fluorouracil. In summary, two kinds of metal-organic materials have been discussed in this dissertation, with the applications in gas storage, gas separation, and drug delivery. These findings greatly enrich the chemistry and applications of metal-organic materials.

Zhao, Dan

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Materials Capability Review Los Alamos National Laboratory April 29-May 2, 2012  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) uses Capability Reviews to assess the quality and institutional integration of science, technology and engineering (STE) and to advise Laboratory Management on the current and future health of LANL STE. The capabilities are deliberately chosen to be crosscutting over the Laboratory and therefore will include experimental, theoretical and simulation disciplines from multiple line organizations. Capability Reviews are designed to provide a more holistic view of the STE quality, integration to achieve mission requirements, and mission relevance. The scope of these capabilities necessitate that there will be significant overlap in technical areas covered by capability reviews (e.g., materials research and weapons science and engineering). In addition, LANL staff may be reviewed in different capability reviews because of their varied assignments and expertise. The principal product of the Capability Review is the report that includes the review committee's assessments, recommendations, and recommendations for STE.

Taylor, Antoinette J [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

115

Fundamentals of Porous Materials from Development to Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Symposium. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2012. Symposium, Frontiers of Materials Science: Fundamentals of Porous Materials from...

116

Bates solar industrial process-steam application: preliminary design review  

SciTech Connect

The design is analyzed for a parabolic trough solar process heat system for a cardboard corrugation fabrication facility in Texas. The program is briefly reviewed, including an analysis of the plant and process. The performance modeling for the system is discussed, and the solar system structural design, collector subsystem, heat transport and distribution subsystem are analyzed. The selection of the heat transfer fluid, and ullage and fluid maintenance are discussed, and the master control system and data acquisition system are described. Testing of environmental degradation of materials is briefly discussed. A brief preliminary cost analysis is included. (LEW)

Not Available

1980-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

117

Characterization of Thin Films by XAFS: Application to Spintronics Materials  

SciTech Connect

X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) has proven very valuable in characterizing thin films. This is illustrated with some examples from the area of diluted magnetic semiconductor (DMS) materials for spintronics applications. A promising route to DMS materials is doping of oxides such as TiO2 and ZnO with magnetic atoms such as Co. These can be grown as epitaxial thin films on various substrates. XAFS is especially valuable for characterizing the dopant atoms. The near edge region is sensitive to the symmetry of the bonding and valence of the dopants, and the extended XAFS can determine the details of the lattice site. XAFS is also valuable for detecting metallic nanoparticles. These can be difficult to detect by other methods, and can give a spurious magnetic signal. The power of XAFS is illustrated by examples from studies on Co doped ZnO films.

Heald, Steve M.; Kaspar, Tiffany C.; Droubay, Timothy; Chambers, Scott A.

2009-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

118

Fire protection system operating experience review for fusion applications  

SciTech Connect

This report presents a review of fire protection system operating experiences from particle accelerator, fusion experiment, and other applications. Safety relevant operating experiences and accident information are discussed. Quantitative order-of-magnitude estimates of fire protection system component failure rates and fire accident initiating event frequencies are presented for use in risk assessment, reliability, and availability studies. Safety concerns with these systems are discussed, including spurious operation. This information should be useful to fusion system designers and safety analysts, such as the team working on the Engineering Design Activities for the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor.

Cadwallader, L.C.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Selection of flowing liquid lead target structural materials for accelerator driven transmutation applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The beam entry window and container for a liquid lead spallation target will be exposed to high fluxes of protons and neutrons that are both higher in magnitude and energy than have been experienced in proton accelerators and fission reactors, as well as in a corrosive environment. The structural material of the target should have a good compatibility with liquid lead, a sufficient mechanical strength at elevated temperatures, a good performance under an intense irradiation environment, and a low neutron absorption cross section; these factors have been used to rank the applicability of a wide range of materials for structural containment Nb-1Zr has been selected for use as the structural container for the LANL ABC/ATW molten lead target. Corrosion and mass transfer behavior for various candidate structural materials in liquid lead are reviewed, together with the beneficial effects of inhibitors and various coatings to protect substrate against liquid lead corrosion. Mechanical properties of some candidate materials at elevated temperatures and the property changes resulting from 800 MeV proton irradiation are also reviewed.

Park, J.J.; Buksa, J.J.

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Glazing materials for solar and architectural applications. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report summarizes five collaborative research projects on glazings performed by participants in Subtask C of IEA Solar Heating and Cooling Programme (SHC) Task 10, Materials Research and Testing. The projects include materials characterization, optical and thermal measurements, and durability testing of several types of new glazings Three studies were completed on electrochromic and dispersed liquid crystals for smart windows, and two were completed for low-E coatings and transparent insulation materials for more conventional window and wall applications. In the area of optical switching materials for smart windows, the group developed more uniform characterization parameters that are useful to determine lifetime and performance of electrochromics. The detailed optical properties of an Asahi (Japan) prototype electrochromic window were measured in several laboratories. A one square meter array of prototype devices was tested outdoors and demonstrated significant cooling savings compared to tinted static glazing. Three dispersed liquid crystal window devices from Taliq (USA) were evaluated. In the off state, these liquid crystal windows scatter light greatly. When a voltage of about 100 V ac is applied, these windows become transparent. Undyed devices reduce total visible light transmittance by only .25 when switched, but this can be increased to .50 with the use of dyed liquid crystals. A wide range of solar-optical and emittance measurements were made on low-E coated glass and plastic. Samples of pyrolytic tin oxide from Ford glass (USA) and multilayer metal-dielectric coatings from Interpane (Germany) and Southwall (USA) were evaluated. In addition to optical characterization, the samples were exposure-tested in Switzerland. The thermal and optimal properties of two different types of transparent insulation materials were measured.

Lampert, C.M. [ed.

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "review application materials" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Materials Physics Applications: The National High Magnetic Field Laboratory  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Search Search National High Magnetic Field Laboratory, NHMFL Home About Us Organization DIVISION Materials Physics and Applications Division GROUPS Superconductivity Technology Center Condensed Matter and Magnet Science Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies Sensors & Electrochemical Devices Materials Chemistry CONTACTS Group Leader Mike Hundley Director, NHMFL-PFF/Deputy Group Leader Chuck Mielke Head of Users Program Operations Jon Betts Professional Staff Assistant Julie T. Gallegos TA-03 Group Office TA-03, Building 0034, Room 101 Office Administrator Juanita Armijo TA-35 Group Office TA-35, Building 0127, Room C117 Office Administrator Angeline Willow 505-667-5032 National High Magnetic Field Laboratory, Pulsed Field Facility The Pulsed Field Facility at Los Alamos National Laboratory in Los Alamos, New Mexico, is one of three campuses of the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory (NHMFL), the other two being at Florida State University, Tallahassee (continuous fields, magnetic resonance, and general headquarters) and the University of Florida ,Gainesville(ultra-low temperatures at high magnetic fields). The NHMFL is sponsored primarily by the National Science Foundation, Division of Materials Research, with additional support from the State of Florida and the US Department of Energy.

122

State-of-the-art review of materials properties of nuclear waste forms.  

SciTech Connect

The Materials Characterization Center (MCC) was established at the Pacific Northwest Laboratory to assemble a standardized nuclear waste materials data base for use in research, systems and facility design, safety analyses, and waste management decisions. This centralized data base will be provided through the means of a Nuclear Waste Materials Handbook. The first issue of the Handbook will be published in the fall of 1981 in looseleaf format so that it can be updated as additional information becomes available. To ensure utmost reliability, all materials data appearing in the Handbook will be obtained by standard procedures defined in the Handbook and approved by an independent Materials Review Board (MRB) comprised of materials experts from Department of Energy laboratories and from universities and industry. In the interim before publication of the Handbook there is need for a report summarizing the existing materials data on nuclear waste forms. This review summarizes materials property data for the nuclear waste forms that are being developed for immobilization of high-level radioactive waste. It is intended to be a good representation of the knowledge concerning the properties of HLW forms as of March 1981. The table of contents lists the following topics: introduction which covers waste-form categories, and important waste-form materials properties; physical properties; mechanical properties; chemical durability; vaporization; radiation effects; and thermal phase stability.

Mendel, J.E.; Nelson, R.D.; Turcotte, R.P.; Gray, W.J.; Merz, M.D.; Roberts, F.P.; Weber, W.J.; Westsik, J.H. Jr.; Clark, D.E.

1981-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Materials Research from Fundamentals to Application: A Portrait of ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2009. Symposium, Merton C. Flemings Honorary Symposium: Materials out of the Box: On...

124

Standard test methods for vitrified ceramic materials for electrical applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1.1 These test methods outline procedures for testing samples of vitrified ceramic materials that are to be used as electrical insulation. Where specified limits are mentioned herein, they shall not be interpreted as specification limits for completed insulators. 1.2 These test methods are intended to apply to unglazed specimens, but they may be equally suited for testing glazed specimens. The report section shall indicate whether glazed or unglazed specimens were tested. 1.3 The test methods appear as follows: This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific precaution statements are given in 11.3, 13.5, and 15.3.

American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Ventilation Systems Operating Experience Review for Fusion Applications  

SciTech Connect

This report is a collection and review of system operation and failure experiences for air ventilation systems in nuclear facilities. These experiences are applicable for magnetic and inertial fusion facilities since air ventilation systems are support systems that can be considered generic to nuclear facilities. The report contains descriptions of ventilation system components, operating experiences with these systems, component failure rates, and component repair times. Since ventilation systems have a role in mitigating accident releases in nuclear facilities, these data are useful in safety analysis and risk assessment of public safety. An effort has also been given to identifying any safety issues with personnel operating or maintaining ventilation systems. Finally, the recommended failure data were compared to an independent data set to determine the accuracy of individual values. This comparison is useful for the International Energy Agency task on fusion component failure rate data collection.

L. C. Cadwallader

1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

MATERIAL COMPATIBILITY EVALUATION FOR DWPF NITRIC-GLYCOLIC ACID - LITERATURE REVIEW  

SciTech Connect

Glycolic acid is being evaluated as an alternative for formic and nitric acid in the DWPF flowsheet. Demonstration testing and modeling for this new flowsheet has shown that glycolic acid and glycolate has a potential to remain in certain streams generated during the production of the nuclear waste glass. A literature review was conducted to assess the impact of glycolic acid on the corrosion of the materials of construction for the DWPF facility as well as facilities downstream which may have residual glycolic acid and glycolates present. The literature data was limited to solutions containing principally glycolic acid. The reported corrosion rates and degradation characteristics have shown the following for the materials of construction. ? For C276 alloy, the primary material of construction for the CPC vessels, corrosion rates of either 2 or 20 mpy were reported up to a temperature of 93 ?C. ? For the austenitic stainless steels, 304L and 316L, variable rates were reported over a range of temperatures, varying from 2 mpy up to 200 mpy (at 100 ?C). ? For 690, G30, Allcorr, Ultimet and Stellite alloys no data were available. ? For relevant polymers where data are available, the data suggests that exposure to glycolic acid is not detrimental. The literature data had limited application to the DWPF process since only the storage and feed vessels, pumps and piping used to handle the glycolic acid are directly covered by the available data. These components are either 304L or 316L alloys for which the literature data is inconsistent (See Bullet 2 above). Corrosion rates in pure glycolic acid solutions also are not representative of the DWPF process streams. This stream is complex and contains aggressive species, i.e. chlorides, sulfates, mercury, as well as antifoaming agents which cumulatively have an unknown effect on the corrosion rates of the materials of construction. Therefore, testing is recommended to investigate any synergistic effects of the aggressive species and to verify the performance of materials in the key process vessels as well as downstream vessels and processes such as the evaporator where heating is occurring. The following testing would provide data for establishing the viability of these components. ? Electrochemical testing - evaluate the corrosion rate and susceptibility to localized corrosion within the SRAT, SME, OGCT, Quencher and Evaporator. Testing would be conducted at operational temperatures in simulants with ranges of glycolic acid, iron, chloride, sulfate, mercury, and antifoaming agents. ? Hot-wall testing evaluate the corrosion under heat transfer conditions to simulate those for heating coils and evaporator coil surfaces. Testing would be at nominal chemistries with concentration of glycolic acid, chloride, sulfate and mercury at high expected concentrations. Some tests would be performed with antifoaming agents. ? Melter coupon testing evaluate the performance of alloy 690 in melter feeds containing glycolic acid. This testing would be conducted as part of the melter flammability testing. ? Polymer testing evaluate changes in polymer properties in immersion testing with DWPF simulants to provide product-specific data for service life evaluation and analyze the Hansen solubility parameters for relevant polymers in glycolic vs. formic acid. During this literature review process, the difficulties associated with measuring the liquid level in formic acid tanks were revealed. A test is recommended to resolve this issue prior to the introduction of glycolic acid into the DWPF. This testing would evaluate the feasibility of using ultrasonic inspection techniques to determine liquid level and other desirable attributes of glycolic acid in DWPF storage tanks and related equipment.

Mickalonis, J.; Skidmore, E.

2013-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

127

Geomagnetic cutoffs: A review for space dosimetry application  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The earth`s magnetic field acts as a shield against charged particle radiation from interplanetary space, technically described as the geomagnetic cutoff. The cutoff rigidity problem (except for the dipole special case) has `no solution in closed form`. The dipole case yields the Stoermer equation which has been repeatedly applied to the earth in hopes of providing useful approximations of cutoff rigidities. Unfortunately, the earth`s magnetic field has significant deviations from dipole geometry, and the Stoermer cutoffs are not adequate for most applications. By application of massive digital computer power it is possible to determine realistic geomagnetic cutoffs derived from high-order simulation of the geomagnetic field. Using this technique, `world grids` of directional cutoffs for the earth`s surface and for a limited number of satellite altitudes have been derived. However, this approach is so expensive and time consuming it is impractical for most spacecraft orbits, and approximations must be used. The world grids of cutoff rigidities are extensively used as lookup tables, normalization points and interpolation aids to estimate the effective geomagnetic cutoff rigidity of a specific location is space. The authors review the various options for estimating the cutoff rigidity for earth orbiting satellites.

Shea, M.A.; Smart, D.F.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

128

Book review Laser Processing of Engineering Materials by John C. Ion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Book review Laser Processing of Engineering Materials by John C. Ion 2005, Oxford, Butterworth of the book lays the foundations: there is an introduction to the physics of lasers, the engineering these which make this book fascinating to study. The book is not a homily to lasers ­ both the limitations

Cambridge, University of

129

Book review Laser Processing of Engineering Materials by John C. Ion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Book review Laser Processing of Engineering Materials by John C. Ion 2005, Oxford, Butterworth of the book lays the foundations: there is an introduction to the physics of lasers, the engineering as to facilitate the precise printing of characters. It is details like these that make this book fascinating

Cambridge, University of

130

Review of the Lawrence Livermore Nationa Laboratory Identiified Defective Department of Transportation Hazardous Material Packages  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5 5 Site Visit Report - Review of the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Identified Defective Department of Transportation Hazardous Material Packages This site visit report documents the results of Office of Health, Safety and Security's review of the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) identification, immediate actions, communications, documentation, evaluation, reporting and follow-up to the discovery of defective Department of Transportation (DOT) UN1A2 55- and 30-gallon open head single bolt closure steel drums intended for storage and transportation of hazardous waste and materials. This review, conducted on January 26-29, 2010, was sponsored by the DOE Livermore Site Office (LSO) to support interface with the lab and this report is intended to support follow-up

131

Qualifying Materials for Advanced Heat Transfer Application in Oil ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2010. Symposium, Corrosion and Corrosion Protection of Materials in the Oil and Gas Industry.

132

The Material Informatics Workshop: Theory and Application - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 12, 2007 ... Computational Materials Science and Materials Informatics: Glossary, by Kim Ferris Citation: Peurrung, L., Ferris, K. and Osman, T. M., The...

133

Titanium composite material for oil and gas industry applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2010. Symposium, Corrosion and Corrosion Protection of Materials in the Oil and Gas Industry.

134

A REVIEW ON BIOMASS DENSIFICATION TECHNOLOGIE FOR ENERGY APPLICATION  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The world is currently facing challenges to reduce the dependence on fossil fuels and to achieve a sustainable renewable supply. Renewable energies represent a diversity of energy sources that can help to maintain the equilibrium of different ecosystems. Among the various sources of renewable energy, biomass is finding more uses as it is considered carbon neutral since the carbondioxide released during its use is already part of the carbon cycle (Arias et al., 2008). Increasing the utilization of biomass for energy can help to reduce the negative CO2 impact on the environment and help to meet the targets established in the Kyoto Protocol (UN, 1998). Energy from biomass can be produced from different processes like thermochemical (combustion, gasification, and pyrolysis), biological (anaerobic digestion, fermentation) or chemical (esterification) where direct combustion can provide a direct near-term energy solution (Arias et al., 2008). Some of the inherent problems with raw biomass materials, like low bulk density, high moisture content, hydrophilic nature and low calorific value, limit the ease of use of biomass for energy purposes (Arias et al., 2008). In fact, due to its low energy density compared to fossil fuels, high volumes of biomass will be needed; adding to problems associated with storage, transportation and feed handling at a cogeneration plant. Furthermore, grinding biomass pulverizes, can be very costly and in some cases impractical. All of these drawbacks have given rise to the development of new technologies in order to increase the quality of biomass fuels. The purpose of the work is mainly in four areas 1) Overview of the torrefaction process and to do a literature review on i) Physical properties of torrefied raw material and torrefaction gas composition. 2) Basic principles in design of packed bed i) Equations governing the flow of material in packed bed ii) Equations governing the flow of the gases in packed bed iii) Effect of physical properties of the raw materials on the packed bed design 3) Design of packed bed torrefier of different capacities. 4) Development of an excel sheet for calculation of length and diameter of the packed bed column based on the design considerations.

JAYA SHANKAR TUMULURU; CHRISTOPHER T. WRIGHT

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Chemical Emissions of Residential Materials and Products: Review of Available Information  

SciTech Connect

This report is prepared in the context of a larger program whose mission is to advance understanding of ventilation and indoor air quality in U.S. homes. A specific objective of this program is to develop the scientific basis ? through controlled experiments, monitoring and analysis ? for health risk-based ventilation standards. Appropriate and adequate ventilation is a basic element of a healthy home. Ventilation provides outdoor air and in the process removes indoor odors and contaminants including potentially unhealthful chemicals emitted by indoor materials, products and activities. Ventilation traditionally was assured to occur via infiltration of outdoor air through cracks and other leakage pathways in the residential building envelope. As building air tightness is improved for energy efficiency, infiltration can be reduced to inadequate levels. This has lead to the development of standards requiring mechanical ventilation. Though nominally intended to ensure acceptable indoor air quality, the standards are not explicitly tied to health risk or pollutant exposure targets. LBNL is currently designing analyses to assess the impact of varying ventilation standards on pollutant concentrations, health risks and energy use. These analyses require information on sources of chemical pollutant emissions, ideally including emission rates and the impact of ventilation on emissions. Some information can be obtained from recent studies that report measurements of various air contaminants and their concentrations in U.S. residences. Another way to obtain this information is the bottom-up approach of collecting and evaluating emissions data from construction and interior materials and common household products. This review contributes to the latter approach by summarizing available information on chemical emissions from new residential products and materials. We review information from the scientific literature and public sources to identify and discuss the databases that provide information on new or low-emission materials and products. The review focuses on the primary chemical or volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions from interior surface materials, furnishings, and some regularly used household products; all of these emissions are amenable to ventilation. Though it is an important and related topic, this review does not consider secondary pollutants that result from reactions of ozone and unsaturated organics bound to or emitted from material surfaces. Semi-volatile organic compounds (SVOCs) have been largely excluded from this review because ventilation generally is not an effective way to control SVOC exposures. Nevertheless, health concerns about exposures to SVOCs emitted from selected materials warrant some discussion.

Willem, Henry; Singer, Brett

2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

136

The Effect of Elevated Temperature on Concrete Materials and Structures - a Literature Review.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of this limited study was to provide an overview of the effects of elevated temperature on the behavior of concrete materials and structures. In meeting this objective the effects of elevated temperatures on the properties of ordinary Portland cement concrete constituent materials and concretes are summarized. The effects of elevated temperature on high-strength concrete materials are noted and their performance compared to normal strength concretes. A review of concrete materials for elevated-temperature service is presented. Nuclear power plant and general civil engineering design codes are described. Design considerations and analytical techniques for evaluating the response of reinforced concrete structures to elevated-temperature conditions are presented. Pertinent studies in which reinforced concrete structural elements were subjected to elevated temperatures are described.

Naus, Dan J [ORNL

2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Computational physics and applied mathematics capability review June 8-10, 2010 (Advance materials to committee members)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Los Alamos National Laboratory will review its Computational Physics and Applied Mathematics (CPAM) capabilities in 2010. The goals of capability reviews are to assess the quality of science, technology, and engineering (STE) performed by the capability, evaluate the integration of this capability across the Laboratory and within the scientific community, examine the relevance of this capability to the Laboratory's programs, and provide advice on the current and future directions of this capability. This is the first such review for CPAM, which has a long and unique history at the laboratory, starting from the inception of the Laboratory in 1943. The CPAM capability covers an extremely broad technical area at Los Alamos, encompassing a wide array of disciplines, research topics, and organizations. A vast array of technical disciplines and activities are included in this capability, from general numerical modeling, to coupled mUlti-physics simulations, to detailed domain science activities in mathematics, methods, and algorithms. The CPAM capability involves over 12 different technical divisions and a majority of our programmatic and scientific activities. To make this large scope tractable, the CPAM capability is broken into the following six technical 'themes.' These themes represent technical slices through the CP AM capability and collect critical core competencies of the Laboratory, each of which contributes to the capability (and each of which is divided into multiple additional elements in the detailed descriptions of the themes in subsequent sections): (1) Computational Fluid Dynamics - This theme speaks to the vast array of scientific capabilities for the simulation of fluids under shocks, low-speed flow, and turbulent conditions - which are key, historical, and fundamental strengths of the laboratory; (2) Partial Differential Equations - The technical scope of this theme is the applied mathematics and numerical solution of partial differential equations (broadly defined) in a variety of settings, including particle transport, solvers, and plasma physics; (3) Monte Carlo - Monte Carlo was invented at Los Alamos, and this theme discusses these vitally important methods and their application in everything from particle transport, to condensed matter theory, to biology; (4) Molecular Dynamics - This theme describes the widespread use of molecular dynamics for a variety of important applications, including nuclear energy, materials science, and biological modeling; (5) Discrete Event Simulation - The technical scope of this theme represents a class of complex system evolutions governed by the action of discrete events. Examples include network, communication, vehicle traffic, and epidemiology modeling; and (6) Integrated Codes - This theme discusses integrated applications (comprised of all of the supporting science represented in Themes 1-5) that are of strategic importance to the Laboratory and the nation. The laboratory has in approximately 10 million source lines of code in over 100 different such strategically important applications. Of these themes, four of them will be reviewed during the 2010 review cycle: Themes 1, 2, 3, and 6. Because these capability reviews occur every three years, Themes 4 and 5 will be reviewed in 201/span>3, along with Theme 6 (which will be reviewed during each review, owing to this theme's role as an integrator of the supporting science represented by the other 5 themes). Yearly written status reports will be provided to the Capability Review Committee Chair during off-cycle years.

Lee, Stephen R [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Computational physics and applied mathematics capability review June 8-10, 2010 (Advance materials to committee members)  

SciTech Connect

Los Alamos National Laboratory will review its Computational Physics and Applied Mathematics (CPAM) capabilities in 2010. The goals of capability reviews are to assess the quality of science, technology, and engineering (STE) performed by the capability, evaluate the integration of this capability across the Laboratory and within the scientific community, examine the relevance of this capability to the Laboratory's programs, and provide advice on the current and future directions of this capability. This is the first such review for CPAM, which has a long and unique history at the laboratory, starting from the inception of the Laboratory in 1943. The CPAM capability covers an extremely broad technical area at Los Alamos, encompassing a wide array of disciplines, research topics, and organizations. A vast array of technical disciplines and activities are included in this capability, from general numerical modeling, to coupled mUlti-physics simulations, to detailed domain science activities in mathematics, methods, and algorithms. The CPAM capability involves over 12 different technical divisions and a majority of our programmatic and scientific activities. To make this large scope tractable, the CPAM capability is broken into the following six technical 'themes.' These themes represent technical slices through the CP AM capability and collect critical core competencies of the Laboratory, each of which contributes to the capability (and each of which is divided into multiple additional elements in the detailed descriptions of the themes in subsequent sections): (1) Computational Fluid Dynamics - This theme speaks to the vast array of scientific capabilities for the simulation of fluids under shocks, low-speed flow, and turbulent conditions - which are key, historical, and fundamental strengths of the laboratory; (2) Partial Differential Equations - The technical scope of this theme is the applied mathematics and numerical solution of partial differential equations (broadly defined) in a variety of settings, including particle transport, solvers, and plasma physics; (3) Monte Carlo - Monte Carlo was invented at Los Alamos, and this theme discusses these vitally important methods and their application in everything from particle transport, to condensed matter theory, to biology; (4) Molecular Dynamics - This theme describes the widespread use of molecular dynamics for a variety of important applications, including nuclear energy, materials science, and biological modeling; (5) Discrete Event Simulation - The technical scope of this theme represents a class of complex system evolutions governed by the action of discrete events. Examples include network, communication, vehicle traffic, and epidemiology modeling; and (6) Integrated Codes - This theme discusses integrated applications (comprised of all of the supporting science represented in Themes 1-5) that are of strategic importance to the Laboratory and the nation. The laboratory has in approximately 10 million source lines of code in over 100 different such strategically important applications. Of these themes, four of them will be reviewed during the 2010 review cycle: Themes 1, 2, 3, and 6. Because these capability reviews occur every three years, Themes 4 and 5 will be reviewed in 2013, along with Theme 6 (which will be reviewed during each review, owing to this theme's role as an integrator of the supporting science represented by the other 5 themes). Yearly written status reports will be provided to the Capability Review Committee Chair during off-cycle years.

Lee, Stephen R [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

GRR/Elements/14-CA-b.2 - Review of application for completeness | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

application for completeness application for completeness < GRR‎ | Elements Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections 14-CA-b.2 - Review of application for completeness RWQCB reviews the initial application to ensure that all the required information is included and all the appropriate forms have been submitted. RWQCB will notify the applicant within 30 days of any required additional submissions. Estimated Time Clock.png 30 days0.0821 years 720 hours 4.286 weeks 0.986 months No explanation of time estimate. Logic Chain No Parents \V/ GRR/Elements/14-CA-b.2 - Review of application for completeness (this page) \V/ No Dependents Under Development Add.png Add an Element Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=GRR/Elements/14-CA-b.2_-_Review_of_application_for_completeness&oldid=482574

140

Thermal Transport in Nanoporous Materials for Energy Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

based materials as supercapacitor electrodes, Chemicalas electrochemical supercapacitor electrodes, Chemicaland heat management of supercapacitor modules for vehicle

Fang, Jin

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "review application materials" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Materials Corrosion in Liquid Fluoride Salt for NGNP Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, 2012 TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition. Symposium , Materials and Fuels for the Current and Advanced Nuclear Reactors.

142

Thermal Interface Materials for Power Electronics Applications: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

The thermal resistance of the thermal interface material layer greatly affects the maximum temperature of the power electronics.

Narumanchi, S.; Mihalic, M.; Kelly, K.; Eesley, G.

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

applications of sensors and modeling to materials processing: iii - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... based sensor is being developed for remote metrology of plasma facing material surfaces in the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER ).

144

Materials Capability Review Los Alamos National Laboratory May 4-7, 2009  

SciTech Connect

Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) uses external peer review to measure and continuously improve the quality of its science, technology and engineering (STE). LANL uses capability reviews to assess the STE quality and institutional integration and to advise Laboratory Management on the current and future health of the STE. Capability reviews address the STE integration that LANL uses to meet mission requirements. STE capabilities are define to cut across directorates providing a more holistic view of the STE quality, integration to achieve mission requirements, and mission relevance. The scope of these capabilities necessitate that there will be significant overlap in technical areas covered by capability reviews (e.g ., materials research and weapons science and engineering). In addition, LANL staff may be reviewed in different capability reviews because of their varied assignments and expertise. LANL plans to perform a complete review of the Laboratory's STE capabilities (hence staff) in a three-year cycle. The principal product of an external review is a report that includes the review committee's assessments, commendations, and recommendations for STE. The Capability Review Committees serve a dual role of providing assessment of the Laboratory's technical contributions and integration towards its missions and providing advice to Laboratory Management. The assessments and advice are documented in reports prepared by the Capability Review Committees that are delivered to the Director and to the Principal Associate Director for Science, Technology and Engineering (PADSTE). This report will be used by Laboratory Management for STE assessment and planning. The report is also provided to the Department of Energy (DOE) as part of LANL's Annual Performance Plan and to the Los Alamos National Security (LANS) LLC's Science and Technology Committee (STC) as part of its responsibilities to the LANS Board of Governors. LANL has defined fourteen STE capabilities. Table 1 lists the five STE capabilities that LANL Management (Director, PADSTE, technical Associate Directors) have identified for review in Fiscal Year (FY) 2009.

Taylor, Antoniette J [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

APPLICATION OF POLYURETHANE FOAM FOR IMPACT ABSORPTION AND THERMAL INSULATION FOR RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS PACKAGINGS.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Polyurethane foam has been widely used as an impact absorbing and thermal insulating material for large radioactive materials packages, since the 1980's. With the adoption of the regulatory crush test requirement, for smaller packages, polyurethane foam has been adopted as a replacement for cane fiberboard, because of its ability to withstand the crush test. Polyurethane foam is an engineered material whose composition is much more closely controlled than that of cane fiberboard. In addition, the properties of the foam can be controlled by controlling the density of the foam. The conditions under which the foam is formed, whether confined or unconfined have an affect on foam properties. The study reported here reviewed the application of polyurethane foam in RAM packagings and compared property values reported in the literature with published property values and test results for foam specimens taken from a prototype 9977 packaging. The study confirmed that, polyurethane foam behaves in a predictable and consistent manner and fully satisfies the functional requirements for impact absorption and thermal insulation.

Smith, A; Glenn Abramczyk, G; Paul Blanton, P; Steve Bellamy, S; William Daugherty, W; Sharon Williamson, S

2007-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

146

High-Temperature Phase Change Materials (PCM) Candidates for Thermal Energy Storage (TES) Applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

It is clearly understood that lower overall costs are a key factor to make renewable energy technologies competitive with traditional energy sources. Energy storage technology is one path to increase the value and reduce the cost of all renewable energy supplies. Concentrating solar power (CSP) technologies have the ability to dispatch electrical output to match peak demand periods by employing thermal energy storage (TES). Energy storage technologies require efficient materials with high energy density. Latent heat TES systems using phase change material (PCM) are useful because of their ability to charge and discharge a large amount of heat from a small mass at constant temperature during a phase transformation like melting-solidification. PCM technology relies on the energy absorption/liberation of the latent heat during a physical transformation. The main objective of this report is to provide an assessment of molten salts and metallic alloys proposed as candidate PCMs for TES applications, particularly in solar parabolic trough electrical power plants at a temperature range from 300..deg..C to 500..deg.. C. The physical properties most relevant for PCMs service were reviewed from the candidate selection list. Some of the PCM candidates were characterized for: chemical stability with some container materials; phase change transformation temperatures; and latent heats.

Gomez, J. C.

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Layered Rare Earth and Transition Metal Materials: Synthesis, Modification and Catalytic Application.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? This research contains three parts; the first two parts of this thesis demonstrate the synthesis of rare earth layered materials and their application in (more)

Zhang, Yashan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

A Study of Pyrolysis of Charring Materials and its Application to Fire Safety and Biomass Utilization.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A theoretical and experimental study of pyrolysis of charring material applicable to fire safety and biomass utilization is presented in this thesis. This work is (more)

Park, Won Chan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

ESS 2012 Peer Review - Unique Li-ion Batteries for Utility Applications - Daiwon Choi, PNNL  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Unique Li-ion Batteries for Utility Unique Li-ion Batteries for Utility Applications Daiwon Choi, Vilayanur V. Viswanathan, Wei Wang, Vincent L. Sprenkle Pacific Northwest National Laboratory 902 Battelle Blvd., P. O. Box 999, Richland, WA 99352, USA DOE Energy Storage Program Review, Washington, DC Sept. 26-28, 2012 Acknowledgment: Dr. Imre Gyuk - Energy Storage Program Manager, Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability  Investigate the Li-ion battery for stationary energy storage unit in ~kWh level.  Fabrication and optimization of LiFePO 4 / Li 4 Ti 5 O 12 18650 cell.  Li-ion battery energy storage with effective thermal management.  Improve rate and cycle life of Li-ion battery.  Screen possible new cathode/anode electrode materials and its combinations

150

Magnetic Materials for Energy Applications IV: High Performance ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Materials for Power Electronics, Power Conditioning and Power Conversion II) ... for real-life modeling of various devices, such as transformers and motors.

151

Advances in Nanostructured Materials and Applications: The 2011 ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

R. Singh (Clemson Univ); R N Singh (Univ. of Cincinnati); A.Tiwari (University of Utah); L. Vayssieres (National Institute for Materials Science International...

152

Polymers as Advanced Materials for Desiccant Applications: 1987  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This research is concerned with solid materials used as desiccants for desiccant cooling systems that process water vapor in an atmosphere to produce net cooling.

Czanderna, A. W.

1988-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

153

Application of Biomass Waste Materials in the Nano Mineral Synthesis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Some of the biomass waste material were effectively applied to the nano-sized minerals synthesis under conrolled boundry experimenta conditions.

154

applications of sensors and modeling to materials processing: vi  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sponsored by: Jt. EPD/MDMD Synthesis, Control, and Analysis in Materials ... The control system was interfaced with customized processing hardware via a...

155

applications of sensors and modeling to materials processing - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Program Organizers: S. Viswanathan, Oak Ridge National Lab., Oak Ridge, TN 37831-6083; R.G. Reddy, Department of Metallurgical and Materials...

156

High Strength Niobium Bearing Steel Materials for Energy Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... at higher energy efficiency, lower cost, and improved overall material design performance. ... Catalytic Properties of Ni3Al Foils for Methane Steam Reforming.

157

Study of Composite Materials Application for Horizontal Axis Wind ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Since the specific velocity is directly related to the coefficient of power Cp of a wind rotor, this article presents a comparative study with different materials and...

158

Fuzzy Assessment of Material Recyclability and Its Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method to assess material recyclability using fuzzy logic is presented. Recyclability of materials is defined as a function of several variables, called basic indicators, which influence the technology and economics of the recycling processes, policies ... Keywords: Monotonic fuzzy systems, Recyclability

Yannis A. Phillis; Vassilis S. Kouikoglou; Xiaomin Zhu

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Handbook on Neutron Absorber Materials for Spent Nuclear Fuel Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This handbook is intended to become a single source of information regarding technical characteristics of neutron absorber materials that have been used for storage and transportation of spent nuclear fuel as well as to provide a summary of users' experience.

2005-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

160

Improved Membrane Materials for PEM Fuel Cell Application  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The overall goal of this project is to collect and integrate critical structure/property information in order to develop methods that lead to significant improvements in the durability and performance of polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) materials. This project is focused on the fundamental improvement of PEMFC membrane materials with respect to chemical, mechanical and morphological durability as well as the development of new inorganically-modified membranes.

Kenneth A. Mauritz; Robert B. Moore

2008-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "review application materials" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Nuclear Maintenance Applications Center: Foreign Material Exclusion Guidelines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Foreign material exclusion (FME) is vital to the safe and reliable operation of nuclear power plants. The entry of foreign material (FM) into primary or secondary plant systems, equipment, and components can cause equipment degradation or inoperability, lost generation, fuel cladding damage, high radiation, and contamination levels that could spread throughout plant systems; it can also increase operations and maintenance (O&M) costs and adversely impact nuclear safety. The FME program is a plantwide ini...

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Operational readiness review plan for the radioisotope thermoelectric generator materials production tasks  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In October 1989, a US shuttle lifted off from Cape Kennedy carrying the spacecraft Galileo on its mission to Jupiter. In November 1990, a second spacecraft, Ulysses, will be launched from Cape Kennedy with a mission to study the polar regions of the sun. The prime source of power for both spacecraft is a series of radioisotope thermoelectric generators (RTGs), which use plutonium oxide (plutonia) as a heat source. Several of the key components in this power system are required to ensure the safety of both the public and the environment and were manufactured at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) in the 1980 to 1983 period. For these two missions, Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc. (Energy Systems), will provide an iridium-alloy component used to contain the plutonia heat source and a carbon-composite material that serves as a thermal insulator. ORNL alone will continue to fabricate the carbon-composite material. Because of the importance to DOE that Energy Systems deliver these high-quality components on time, performance of an Operational Readiness Review (ORR) of these manufacturing activities is necessary. Energy Systems Policy GP-24 entitled Operational Readiness Process'' describes the formal and comprehensive process by which appropriate Energy Systems activities are to be reviewed to ensure their readiness. This Energy System policy is aimed at reducing the risks associated with mission success and requires a management-approved readiness plan'' to be issued. This document is the readiness plan for the RTG materials production tasks. 6 refs., 11 figs., 1 tab.

Cooper, R.H.; Martin, M.M.; Riggs, C.R.; Beatty, R.L.; Ohriner, E.K.; Escher, R.N.

1990-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

163

Status of materials handbooks for particle accelerator and nuclear reactor applications  

SciTech Connect

In support of research and development for accelerator applications, a materials handbook was developed in August of 1998 funded by the Accelerator Production of Tritium Project. This handbook, presently called Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative (AFCI) Materials Handbook, Materials Data for Particle Accelerator Applications, has just issued Revision 5 and contains detailed information showing the effects of irradiation on many properties for a wide variety of materials. Development of a web-accessible materials database for Generation IV Reactor Programs has been ongoing for about three years. This handbook provides a single authoritative source for qualified materials data applicable to all Generation IV reactor concepts. A beta version of this Gen IV Materials Handbook has been completed and is presently under evaluation.

Maloy, Stuart [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Rogers, Berylene [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Ren, Weiju [ORNL; Philip, Rittenhouse [Consultant

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Materials Research for Smart Grid Applications Steven J Bossart  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Research for Smart Grid Applications Steven J Bossart Ryan Egidi U.S. Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory Our nation is transitioning to a Smart Grid which...

165

Trends in HFE Methods and Tools and Their Applicability to Safety Reviews  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission's (NRC) conducts human factors engineering (HFE) safety reviews of applicant submittals for new plants and for changes to existing plants. The reviews include the evaluation of the methods and tools (M&T) used by applicants as part of their HFE program. The technology used to perform HFE activities has been rapidly evolving, resulting in a whole new generation of HFE M&Ts. The objectives of this research were to identify the current trends in HFE methods and tools, determine their applicability to NRC safety reviews, and identify topics for which the NRC may need additional guidance to support the NRC's safety reviews. We conducted a survey that identified over 100 new HFE M&Ts. The M&Ts were assessed to identify general trends. Seven trends were identified: Computer Applications for Performing Traditional Analyses, Computer-Aided Design, Integration of HFE Methods and Tools, Rapid Development Engineering, Analysis of Cognitive Tasks, Use of Virtual Environments and Visualizations, and Application of Human Performance Models. We assessed each trend to determine its applicability to the NRC's review by considering (1) whether the nuclear industry is making use of M&Ts for each trend, and (2) whether M&Ts reflecting the trend can be reviewed using the current design review guidance. We concluded that M&T trends that are applicable to the commercial nuclear industry and are expected to impact safety reviews may be considered for review guidance development. Three trends fell into this category: Analysis of Cognitive Tasks, Use of Virtual Environments and Visualizations, and Application of Human Performance Models. The other trends do not need to be addressed at this time.

O'Hara, J.M.; Plott, C.; Milanski, J.; Ronan, A.; Scheff, S.; Laux, L.; and Bzostek, J.

2009-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

166

Life prediction of advanced materials for gas turbine application  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Emphasis is placed on life characterization based on low cycle fatigue under isothermal conditions and thermomechanical fatigue. Microstructure of failed coated and uncoated specimens is being analyzed. IN 738 LC is the material; the coating is either overlay (NiCoCrAly) or NiAl-based aluminide.

Zamrik, S.Y.; Ray, A.; Koss, D.A.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

167

Nano-carbon materials for cold cathode applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nano-carbon thin film materials were obtained by chemical vapor deposition in dc discharge activated hydrogen-methane gas mixture. Film structure, surface morphology and phase composition was studied by Raman, electron microscopy and electron spectroscopy ... Keywords: CVD, carbon, field emission, nanostructures

A. N. Obraztsov; Al. A. Zakhidov; A. P. Volkov; D. A. Lyashenko

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

Theory and Simulation of Nanostructured Materials for Photovoltaic Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Quantum mechanical electronic structure calculations are playing an ever-expanding role in advancing nanotechnology as well as in advancing our understanding and design of new functional materials. Recent research utilizing quantum mechanical electronic ... Keywords: Quantum mechanical, optoelectronics, photovoltaics, solar cells, nanoscience and nanotechnology, electronic structure calculations

Yosuke Kanai; Jeffrey B. Neaton; Jeffrey C. Grossman

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Opportunities and challenges for first-principles materials design and applications to Li battery materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The idea of first-principles methods is to determine the properties of materials by solving the basic equations of quantum mechanics and statistical mechanics. With such an approach, one can, in principle, predict the ...

Ceder, Gerbrand

170

From nanohardness to strength properties of cohesive-frictional materials : application to shale materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Advanced experimental and theoretical micromechanics such as nanoindentation makes it possible today to break down highly heterogeneous materials to the scale where physical chemistry meets (continuum) mechanics, to extract ...

Ganneau, Francois P., 1979-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Visual search applications for connecting published works to digital material  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Visual search connects physical (offline) objects with (online) digital media. Using objects from the environment, like newspapers, magazines, books and posters, we can retrieve supplemental information from the online world. In this demonstration, ... Keywords: augmented reality, mobile application, publishing, tangible interface, visual search

Jamey Graham; Jorge Moraleda; Jonathan J. Hull; Timothee Bailloeul; Xu Liu; Andrea Mariotta

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Organic Electronics: Materials, Processing, Devices and Applications, 1st edition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the near future, organic semiconductors may be used in a variety of products, including flat-screen TVs, e-book readers, and third-generation organic photovoltaics applications, to name just a few. While organic electronics has received increased ...

Franky So

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Design and Applications of the Integrating Nephelometer: A Review  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this paper is to document the key literature references and to describe the design philosophy. the principles of the instrument, the various possible designs, calibration, systematic errors, applications to scientific problems and ...

Jost Heintzenberg; Robert J. Charlson

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

A review on nanofluids: preparation, stability mechanisms, and applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Nanofluids, the fluid suspensions of nanomaterials, have shown many interesting properties, and the distinctive features offer unprecedented potential for many applications. This paper summarizes the recent progress on the study of nanofluids, such as ...

Wei Yu; Huaqing Xie

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Review of world experience and properties of materials for encapsulation of terrestrial photovoltaic arrays. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Available information defining the state of the art of encapsulation materials and processes for terrestrial photovoltaic devices and related applications were collected and analyzed. Based on criteria of properties, processability, availability, and cost, candidate materials were identified which have potential for use in encapsulation systems for low-cost, long-life terrestrial photovoltaic arrays manufactured by automated, high-volume processes. The criteria for consideration of the encapsulation systems were based on the goals for arrays with a lifetime of over 20 years high reliability, an efficiency greater than 10 percent, a total array price less than $500/kW, and a production capacity of 5 x 10/sup 5/ kW/yr. (WDM)

Carmichael, D.C.; Gaines, G.B.; Sliemers, F.A.; Kistler, C.W.; Igou, R.D.

1976-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

176

Proactive Management of Materials Degradation - A Review of Principles and Programs  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) has undertaken a program to lay the technical foundation for defining proactive actions so that future degradation of materials in light water reactors (LWRs) is limited and, thereby, does not diminish either the integrity of important LWR components or the safety of operating plants. This technical letter report was prepared by staff at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in support of the NRC Proactive Management of Materials Degradation (PMMD) program and relies heavily on work that was completed by Dr. Joseph Muscara and documented in NUREG/CR-6923. This report concisely explains the basic principles of PMMD and its relationship to prognostics, provides a review of programs related to PMMD being conducted worldwide, and provides an assessment of the technical gaps in PMMD and prognostics that need to be addressed. This technical letter report is timely because the majority of the U.S. reactor fleet is applying for license renewal, and many plants are also applying for increases in power rating. Both of these changes could increase the likelihood of materials degradation and underline, therefore, the interest in proactive management in the future.

Bond, Leonard J.; Doctor, Steven R.; Taylor, Theodore T.

2008-08-28T23:59:59.000Z

177

Wavelets for fault diagnosis of rotary machines: A review with applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Over the last 20 years, particularly in last 10 years, great progress has been made in the theory and applications of wavelets and many publications have been seen in the field of fault diagnosis. This paper attempts to provide a review on recent applications ... Keywords: Classical wavelet transform, Multi-wavelets, Second generation wavelet transform, Wavelet design, Wavelet finite element method, Wavelet selection

Ruqiang Yan, Robert X. Gao, Xuefeng Chen

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

Review of Mid- to High-Temperature Solar Selective Absorber Materials  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report describes the concentrating solar power (CSP) systems using solar absorbers to convert concentrated sunlight to thermal electric power. It is possible to achieve solar absorber surfaces for efficient photothermal conversion having high solar absorptance (a) for solar radiation and a low thermal emittance (e) at the operational temperature. A low reflectance (?'' 0) at wavelengths (?) 3 mm and a high reflectance (?'' 1) at l 3 mm characterize spectrally selective surfaces. The operational temperature ranges of these materials for solar applications can be categorized as low temperature (T< 100 C), mid-temperature (100 C< T< 400 C), and high-temperature (T> 400 C). High- and mid-temperature applications are needed for CSP applications. For CSP applications, the ideal spectrally selective surface would be low-cost and easy to manufacture, chemically and thermally stable in air at elevated operating temperatures (T= 500 C), and have a solar absorptance= 0.98 and a thermal emittance= 0.05 at 500 C.

Kennedy, C. E.

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

Laboratory evaluation of low cobalt wear materials for nuclear applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Laboratory wear and corrosion screening tests were conducted on several commercially available, low-cobalt and cobalt-free hardsurfacing alloys to evaluate their relative wear and corrosion performance under simulated Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR) primary heat transport circuit conditions. Wear tests were performed under reciprocating, sliding contact. Corrosion performance was evaluated in both steady state and off-normal chemistry conditions. The wear behavior of the candidate hardsurfacing alloys was generally comparable to or better than that of Stellite 6, a material of proven wear performance under PWR operating conditions. With the exception of Tristelle 5183, the iron base alloys exhibited unacceptable corrosion behavior under wet layup conditions. The Tristelle 5183 experienced minor corrosion attack in primary coolant having elevated oxygen levels. The twelve percent cobalt alloy, Tristelle TS-2, performed well but exhibited some attack after a simulated decontamination treatment.

Shiels, S.A.; Wilson, W.L.; Rosengarth, K.W.; Wire, G.L.

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Fiber optic sensors for environmental applications: A brief review  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Understanding the flow a groundwater quality. This understanding is achieved by measurement of the appropriate chemical and physical subsurface parameters. The ideal measurement would accurately assess a parameter without affecting the parameter or its environment. Fiber optic spectroscopy offers some of the most promising techniques for accurate, non-invasive measurements of environmental parameters. Fiber optic sensors for subsurface applications are currently being developed by several Department of Energy laboratories. Some of these sensors have been successfully deployed in the field and are attaining the goals of accurate, noninvasive, real time measurements in the subsurface.

Rossabi, J.

1992-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "review application materials" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

A HUMAN RELIABILITY-CENTERED APPROACH TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF JOB AIDS FOR REVIEWERS OF MEDICAL DEVICES THAT USE RADIOLOGICAL BYPRODUCT MATERIALS.  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) is engaged in an initiative to risk-inform the regulation of byproduct materials. Operating experience indicates that human actions play a dominant role in most of the activities involving byproduct materials, which are radioactive materials other than those used in nuclear power plants or in weapons production, primarily for medical or industrial purposes. The overall risk of these activities is strongly influenced by human performance. Hence, an improved understanding of human error, its causes and contexts, and human reliability analysis (HRA) is important in risk-informing the regulation of these activities. The development of the human performance job aids was undertaken by stages, with frequent interaction with the prospective users. First, potentially risk significant human actions were identified based on reviews of available risk studies for byproduct material applications and of descriptions of events for byproduct materials applications that involved potentially significant human actions. Applications from the medical and the industrial domains were sampled. Next, the specific needs of the expected users of the human performance-related capabilities were determined. To do this, NRC headquarters and region staff were interviewed to identify the types of activities (e.g., license reviews, inspections, event assessments) that need HRA support and the form in which such support might best be offered. Because the range of byproduct uses regulated by NRC is so broad, it was decided that initial development of knowledge and tools would be undertaken in the context of a specific use of byproduct material, which was selected in consultation with NRC staff. Based on needs of NRC staff and the human performance related characteristics of the context chosen, knowledge resources were then compiled to support consideration of human performance issues related to the regulation of byproduct materials. Finally, with information sources and an application context identified, a set of strawman job aids was developed, which was then presented to prospective users for critique and comment. Work is currently under way to develop training materials and refine the job aids in preparation for a pilot evaluation.

COOPER, S.E.; BROWN, W.S.; WREATHALL, J.

2005-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

182

ADVANCED CERAMIC MATERIALS FOR NEXT-GENERATION NUCLEAR APPLICATIONS  

SciTech Connect

Rising global energy demands coupled with increased environmental concerns point to one solution; they must reduce their dependence on fossil fuels that emit greenhouse gases. As the global community faces the challenge of maintaining sovereign nation security, reducing greenhouse gases, and addressing climate change nuclear power will play a significant and likely growing role. In the US, nuclear energy already provides approximately one-fifth of the electricity used to power factories, offices, homes, and schools with 104 operating nuclear power plants, located at 65 sites in 31 states. Additionally, 19 utilities have applied to the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) for construction and operating licenses for 26 new reactors at 17 sites. This planned growth of nuclear power is occurring worldwide and has been termed the 'nuclear renaissance.' As major industrial nations craft their energy future, there are several important factors that must be considered about nuclear energy: (1) it has been proven over the last 40 years to be safe, reliable and affordable (good for Economic Security); (2) its technology and fuel can be domestically produced or obtained from allied nations (good for Energy Security); and (3) it is nearly free of greenhouse gas emissions (good for Environmental Security). Already an important part of worldwide energy security via electricity generation, nuclear energy can also potentially play an important role in industrial processes and supporting the nation's transportation sector. Coal-to-liquid processes, the generation of hydrogen and supporting the growing potential for a greatly increased electric transportation system (i.e. cars and trains) mean that nuclear energy could see dramatic growth in the near future as we seek to meet our growing demand for energy in cleaner, more secure ways. In order to address some of the prominent issues associated with nuclear power generation (i.e., high capital costs, waste management, and proliferation), the worldwide community is working to develop and deploy new nuclear energy systems and advanced fuel cycles. These new nuclear systems address the key challenges and include: (1) extracting the full energy value of the nuclear fuel; (2) creating waste solutions with improved long term safety; (3) minimizing the potential for the misuse of the technology and materials for weapons; (4) continually improving the safety of nuclear energy systems; and (5) keeping the cost of energy affordable.

Marra, J.

2010-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

183

Chemical Emissions of Residential Materials and Products: Review of Available Information  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

39 Chemical Emissions of Residential Materials and Products:37 Chemical Emissions of Residential Materials and Products:38 Chemical Emissions of Residential Materials and Products:

Willem, Henry

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

A review of the Melcor Accident Consequence Code System (MACCS): Capabilities and applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

MACCS was developed at Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) under U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) sponsorship to estimate the offsite consequences of potential severe accidents at nuclear power plants (NPPs). MACCS was publicly released in 1990. MACCS was developed to support the NRC`s probabilistic safety assessment (PSA) efforts. PSA techniques can provide a measure of the risk of reactor operation. PSAs are generally divided into three levels. Level one efforts identify potential plant damage states that lead to core damage and the associated probabilities, level two models damage progression and containment strength for establishing fission-product release categories, and level three efforts evaluate potential off-site consequences of radiological releases and the probabilities associated with the consequences. MACCS was designed as a tool for level three PSA analysis. MACCS performs probabilistic health and economic consequence assessments of hypothetical accidental releases of radioactive material from NPPs. MACCS includes models for atmospheric dispersion and transport, wet and dry deposition, the probabilistic treatment of meteorology, environmental transfer, countermeasure strategies, dosimetry, health effects, and economic impacts. The computer systems MACCS is designed to run on are the 386/486 PC, VAX/VMS, E3M RISC S/6000, Sun SPARC, and Cray UNICOS. This paper provides an overview of MACCS, reviews some of the applications of MACCS, international collaborations which have involved MACCS, current developmental efforts, and future directions.

Young, M.

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

A Review on Biomass Densification Systems to Develop Uniform Feedstock Commodities for Bioenergy Application  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Developing uniformly formatted, densified feedstock from lignocellulosic biomass is of interest to achieve consistent physical properties like size and shape, bulk and unit density, and durability, which significantly influence storage, transportation and handling characteristics, and, by extension, feedstock cost and quality. A variety of densification systems are considered for producing a uniform format feedstock commodity for bioenergy applications, including (a) baler, (b) pellet mill, (c) cuber, (d) screw extruder, (e) briquette press, (f) roller press, (g) tablet press, and (g) agglomerator. Each of these systems has varying impacts on feedstock chemical and physical properties, and energy consumption. This review discusses the suitability of these densification systems for biomass feedstocks and the impact these systems have on specific energy consumption and end product quality. For example, a briquette press is more flexible in terms of feedstock variables where higher moisture content and larger particles are acceptable for making good quality briquettes; or among different densification systems, a screw press consumes the most energy because it not only compresses but also shears and mixes the material. Pretreatment options like preheating, grinding, steam explosion, torrefaction, and ammonia fiber explosion (AFEX) can also help to reduce specific energy consumption during densification and improve binding characteristics. Binding behavior can also be improved by adding natural binders, such as proteins, or commercial binders, such as lignosulphonates. The quality of the densified biomass for both domestic and international markets is evaluated using PFI (United States Standard) or CEN (European Standard).

Jaya Shankar Tumuluru; Christopher T. Wright; J. Richard Hess; Kevin L. Kenney

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Durability of polymer matrix composites for automotive structural applications: A state-of-the-art review  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A key unanswered question that must be addressed before polymeric composites will be widely used in automotive structural components is their known durability. Major durability issues are the effects that cyclic loadings, creep, automotive fluid environments, and low-energy impacts have on dimensional stability, strength, and stiffness throughout the required life of a composite component. This report reviews the current state of understanding in each of these areas. It also discusses the limited information that exists on one of the prime candidate materials for automotive structural applications--an isocyanurate reinforced with a continuous strand, swirl mat. Because of the key role that nondestructive evaluations must play in understanding damage development and progression, a chapter is included on ultrasonic techniques. A final chapter then gives conclusions and recommendations for research needed to resolve the various durability issues. These recommendations will help provide a sound basis for program planning for the Durability of Lightweight Composite Structures Project sponsored by the US Department of Energy in cooperation with the Automotive Composites Consortium of Chrysler, Ford, and General Motors.

Corum, J.M.; Simpson, W.A. Jr.; Sun, C.T.; Talreja, R.; Weitsman, Y.J.

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Pushing the Boundaries in Energy Technbology: Materials Design for Battery Applications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Pushing the Boundaries in Energy Technology: Materials Design for Battery Applications" Pushing the Boundaries in Energy Technology: Materials Design for Battery Applications" Co-Organizers: Elena Shevchenko (CNM), Mitra Taheri (Drexel University), and Mali Balasubramanian (APS) Batteries are a key element for storing and supplying energy. Transformational battery technologies require tailoring novel materials and/or incorporating new chemical processes. Energy storage devices are intrinsically complex with the relevant materials processes covering time-scales from picoseconds to years and length-scales from angstroms to millimeters. Advanced x-ray and electron microscopy methods have opened a new window by which vital structural and electronic properties of battery materials can be obtained at the appropriate spatio- temporal scales using spectroscopic, scattering and imaging techniques under real world

188

Review of Sorghum Production Practices: Applications for Bioenergy  

SciTech Connect

Sorghum has great potential as an annual energy crop. While primarily grown for its grain, sorghum can also be grown for animal feed and sugar. Sorghum is morphologically diverse, with grain sorghum being of relatively short stature and grown for grain, while forage and sweet sorghums are tall and grown primarily for their biomass. Under water-limited conditions sorghum is reliably more productive than corn. While a relatively minor crop in the United States (about 2% of planted cropland), sorghum is important in Africa and parts of Asia. While sorghum is a relatively efficient user of water, it biomass potential is limited by available moisture. The following exhaustive literature review of sorghum production practices was developed by researchers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory to document the current state of knowledge regarding sorghum production and, based on this, suggest areas of research needed to develop sorghum as a commercial bioenergy feedstock. This work began as part of the China Biofuels Project sponsored by the DOE Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Program to communicate technical information regarding bioenergy feedstocks to government and industry partners in China, but will be utilized in a variety of programs in which evaluation of sorghum for bioenergy is needed. This report can also be used as a basis for data (yield, water use, etc.) for US and international bioenergy feedstock supply modeling efforts.

Turhollow Jr, Anthony F [ORNL; Webb, Erin [ORNL; Downing, Mark [ORNL

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Application for managing model-based material properties for simulation-based engineering  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An application for generating a property set associated with a constitutive model of a material includes a first program module adapted to receive test data associated with the material and to extract loading conditions from the test data. A material model driver is adapted to receive the loading conditions and a property set and operable in response to the loading conditions and the property set to generate a model response for the material. A numerical optimization module is adapted to receive the test data and the model response and operable in response to the test data and the model response to generate the property set.

Hoffman, Edward L. (Alameda, CA)

2009-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

190

Evidence-Based Reviews: History, Utility, and Application  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Performing evidence-based reviews (EBR) is a growing and important area of research, and more graduate students should be educated in this area. EBRs provide conclusions based on science and follow a specific methodology to decrease bias, consider all pertinent science on the topic, and have transparency. This thesis is two-fold and includes: 1) a faculty course manual on how to facilitate a college course on EBR and 2) an EBR manuscript on the utility of nutrition labeling to affect consumers ability to select more nutritious products and whether or not nutrition labeling can affect purchase and consumption of more nutritious products. This EBR is timely in that the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has called for a moratorium on Front-of-Pack labeling (FOP) until two Institute of Medicine Committees have produced their reports and FDA has interpreted those reports. The intention of the manuscript is that it will aid in this interpretation. Of 978 articles collected, 699 were excluded using exclusion/inclusion criteria, 253 were identified as secondary articles, and 26 were used for the EBR. Results: Ten studies answered question #1 on whether or not consumers can pick a more nutritious product by reading labels and 21 answered question #2 on whether consumers actually change their purchasing and/or eating behavior by using labels. Studies ranged from simple cross-sectional studies that used survey data to more complex studies that collected sales data or performed in-store observations. In conclusion, consumers are able to use food labels to pick more nutritious products. Preliminary evidence suggests that a subset of health conscious consumers will read food labels to select a healthier product within a product category. Less evidence exists that reading labels actually results in a change of food intake. More intervention rather than survey studies are required to address this issue. In addition, the next stages of investigation should include looking at the whole diet, rather than just individual foods, and finally what affect the whole diet may have on overall health.

Field, Lindsey 1982-

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Sn-Li, a new coolant/breeding material for fusion applications.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new breeding material, Sn-Li has been proposed for the APEX and ALPS programs. The key reason for proposing this material is that it has very low vapor pressure. Since both APEX and ALPS are investigating free surface flow for the blanket and divertor, respectively, low vapor pressure is a big advantage. This paper summarizes the results from a preliminary investigation. The early conclusion is that Sn-Li can be used as the coolant/breeding material for the APEX and ALPS applications. It has several attractive features, such as low vapor pressure and high thermal conductivity, but it also has some potential issues, such as material compatibility and activation. Further investigation will be required to assess the potential advantages of this material compared to other breeding materials.

Sze, D.-K.; Mattas, R.; Wang, Z.; Cheng, E. T.; Sawan, M.; Zinkle, S.; McCarthy, K. A.

1999-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

192

Development and Applications Of Photosensitive Device Systems To Studies Of Biological And Organic Materials  

SciTech Connect

The primary focus of the grant is the development of new x-ray detectors for biological and materials work at synchrotron sources, especially Pixel Array Detectors (PADs), and the training of students via research applications to problems in biophysics and materials science using novel x-ray methods. This Final Progress Report provides a high-level overview of the most important accomplishments. These major areas of accomplishment include: (1) Development and application of x-ray Pixel Array Detectors; (2) Development and application of methods of high pressure x-ray crystallography as applied to proteins; (3) Studies on the synthesis and structure of novel mesophase materials derived from block co-polymers.

Gruner, Sol

2012-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

193

Review Article: Recent Advances in Artificial Immune Systems: Models and Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The immune system is a remarkable information processing and self learning system that offers inspiration to build artificial immune system (AIS). The field of AIS has obtained a significant degree of success as a branch of Computational Intelligence ... Keywords: AIS, Applications, Models, Review

Dipankar Dasgupta; Senhua Yu; Fernando Nino

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Review: Convective heat and mass exchange predictions at leaf surfaces: Applications, methods and perspectives  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Convective heat and mass exchange of leaves with the environment is relevant for a better understanding of plant physiological processes in response to environmental factors for a wide range of applications. Methods for quantifying these exchanges have ... Keywords: Artificial leaf, Convective transfer coefficient, Plant, Review, Stomata, Transpiration

Thijs Defraeye, Pieter Verboven, Quang Tri Ho, Bart Nicolai

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Materials Reliability Program: A Review of the Cooperative Irradiation Assisted Stress Corrosion Cracking Research Program (MRP-98)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Irradiation-assisted stress corrosion cracking (IASCC) has been observed in reactor core internal structures fabricated from austenitic stainless steels in both pressurized water reactors (PWRs) and boiling water reactors (BWRs). This report reviews EPRI's Cooperative IASCC Research (CIR) Program data and findings relevant to materials aging and degradation of PWR vessel internals components.

2003-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

196

Evaluation and Modeling of Edge-Seal Materials for Photovoltaic Applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Because of the sensitivity of some photovoltaic devices to moisture-induced corrosion, they are packaged using impermeable front- and back-sheets along with an edge seal to prevent moisture ingress. Evaluation of edge seal materials can be difficult because of the low permeation rates involved and/or non-Fickian behavior. Here, using a Ca film deposited on a glass substrate, we demonstrate the evaluation of edge seal materials in a manner that effectively duplicates their use in a photovoltaic application and compare the results with standard methods for measuring water vapor transport. We demonstrate how moisture permeation data from polymer films can be used to estimate moisture ingress rates and compare the results of these two methods. Encapsulant materials were also evaluated for comparison and to highlight the need for edge seals. Of the materials studied, desiccant filled polyisobutylene materials demonstrate by far the best potential to keep moisture out for a 20 to 30 year lifetime.

Kempe, M. D.; Dameron, A. A.; Moricone, T. J.; Reese, M. O.

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Calcium Film Based Testing of Edge-Seal Materials for Photovoltaic Applications (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Because of the sensitivity of some photovoltaic devices to moisture-induced corrosion, they are packaged using impermeable front- and back-sheets with an edge seal to prevent moisture ingress. Evaluation of edge seal materials can be difficult because of the low permeation rates involved and/or non-Fickian behavior. Here, using a Ca film deposited on a glass substrate, we demonstrate the evaluation of edge seal materials in a manner that effectively duplicates their use in a photovoltaic application and compare the results with standard methods for measuring water vapor transport. We demonstrate how moisture permeation data from polymer films can be used to estimate moisture ingress rates and compare the results of these two methods. Encapsulant materials were also evaluated for comparison and to highlight the need for edge seals. Of the materials studied, dessicant-filled polyisobutene materials demonstrate by far the best potential to keep moisture out for a 20 to 30 year lifetime.

Kempe, M.; Dameron, A.; Reese, M.

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Guidelines for preparing and reviewing applications for the licensing of non-power reactors: Standard review plan and acceptance criteria. NUREG - 1537, Part 2  

SciTech Connect

NUREG - 1537, Part 2 gives guidance on the conduct of licensing action reviews to NRC staff who review non-power reactor licensing applications. These licensing actions include construction permits and initial operating licenses, license renewals, amendments, conversions from highly enriched uranium to low-enriched uranium, decommissioning, and license termination.

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Review of the management of materials research and development in the Department of Energy. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Materials Working Group of DOE findings and recommendations of a management nature to improve the handling of materials R and D within DOE are presented. The special role of materials in the development of new energy technologies is provided. (FS)

Not Available

1979-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

LENS repair and modification of metal NW components:materials and applications guide.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Laser Engineered Net Shaping{trademark} (LENS{reg_sign}) is a unique, layer additive, metal manufacturing technique that offers the ability to create fully dense metal features and components directly from a computer solid model. LENS offers opportunities to repair and modify components by adding features to existing geometry, refilling holes, repairing weld lips, and many other potential applications. The material deposited has good mechanical properties with strengths typically slightly higher that wrought material due to grain refinement from a quickly cooling weld pool. The result is a material with properties similar to cold worked material, but without the loss in ductility traditionally seen with such treatments. Furthermore, 304L LENS material exhibits good corrosion resistance and hydrogen compatibility. This report gives a background of the LENS process including materials analysis addressing the requirements of a number of different applications. Suggestions are given to aid both the product engineer and the process engineer in the successful utilization of LENS for their applications. The results of testing on interface strength, machinability, weldability, corrosion resistance, geometric effects, heat treatment, and repair strategy testing are all included. Finally, the qualification of the LENS process is briefly discussed to give the user confidence in selecting LENS as the process of choice for high rigor applications. The testing showed LENS components to have capability in repair/modification applications requiring complex castings (W80-3 D-Bottle bracket), thin wall parts requiring metal to be rebuilt onto the part (W87 Firing Set Housing and Y-12 Test Rings), the filling of counterbores for use in reservoir reclamation welding (SRNL hydrogen compatibility study) and the repair of surface defects on pressure vessels (SRNL gas bottle repair). The material is machinable, as testing has shown that LENS deposited material machines similar to that of welded metal. Tool wear is slightly higher in LENS material than in wrought material, but not so much that one would be concerned with increased tooling cost. The LENS process achieved process qualification for the AY1E0125 D-Bottle Bracket from the W80-3 LEP program, and in the effort, also underwent testing in weapons environments. These tests included structural dynamic response testing and drop testing. The LENS deposited parts were compared in these tests with conventionally machined parts and showed equivalency to such an extent that the parts were accepted for use in parallel path subsystem-level weapon environment testing. The evaluation of LENS has shown that the process can be a viable option when either complete metal parts are needed or existing metal parts require modification or repair. The LENS Qualification Technology Investment team successfully investigated new applications for the LENS process and showed that it has great applicability across the Nuclear Weapons Complex as well as in other high rigor applications.

Smugeresky, John E. (Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA); Gill, David Dennis; Oberhaus, Jason (BWXT Y-12); Adams, Thad (Savannah River National Laboratory); VanCamp, Chad (Kansas City Plant)

2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "review application materials" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

ESS 2012 Peer Review - Demonstration of a Sodium Ion Battery for Grid Level Applications - Ted Wiley, Aquion Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Progress Report Progress Report Smart Grid Demonstration Program Ted Wiley, Jay Whitacre Department of Energy Peer Review 26 September, 2012 Confidential Information of Aquion Energy, Inc. 2 Thanks to Our Supporters Confidential Information of Aquion Energy, Inc. 3 About Aquion Energy Founded on the belief that stationary energy storage must be: * Safe: Non-toxic and immune to catastrophic failure events * Reliable: Long lasting and capable of operating in abusive environments * Affordable: Made from abundant, simple materials via a scalable manufacturing process This principle demands a new type of energy storage: Aqueous Hybrid Ion Batteries Designed for stationary, long-duration applications * Utilities-various grid services * Microgrids-telco, mining, commercial/residential solar, military,

202

Commissioning / Performance Verification - Review of Applications for UESC & Lessons Learned  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Commissioning/Performance Commissioning/Performance Commissioning/Performance Verification Verification - - Review of Applications Review of Applications for UESC & Lessons Learned for UESC & Lessons Learned Edward Thibodo Edward Thibodo NAVFAC Southwest NAVFAC Southwest April 16, 2008 April 16, 2008 The Way it Was The Way it Was * * When asked about When asked about M & V M & V * * Response was why, Response was why, this is not an ESPC? this is not an ESPC? The Way it Was The Way it Was * * Develop Project D s evelop Projects * * Awarded Project A s warded Projects * * Develop More Pro D jects evelop More Projects * * Awarded More Pro A jects warded More Projects * * Develop More Projects Develop More Projects * * Awarded More Projects Awarded More Projects * * Develop More Project D s evelop More Projects * * Awarded More Project

203

Analysis Tools for Sizing and Placement of Energy Storage for Grid Applications - A Literature Review  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The purpose of this report was to review pertinent literature and studies that might reveal models capable of optimizing the siting, sizing and economic value of energy storage in the future smart grid infrastructure. Energy storage technology and utility system deployment have been subjects of intense research and development for over three decades. During this time, many models have been developed that consider energy storage implementation in the electric power industry and other applications. Nevertheless, this review of literature discovered no actual models and only a few software tools that relate specifically to the application environment and expected requirements of the evolving smart grid infrastructure. This report indicates the existing need for such a model and describes a pathway for developing it.

Hoffman, Michael G.; Kintner-Meyer, Michael CW; Sadovsky, Artyom; DeSteese, John G.

2010-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

204

TOWARD THE DEVELOPMENT OF A CONSENSUS MATERIALS DATABASE FOR PRESSURE TECHNOLGY APPLICATIONS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ASME construction code books specify materials and fabrication procedures that are acceptable for pressure technology applications. However, with few exceptions, the materials properties provided in the ASME code books provide no statistics or other information pertaining to material variability. Such information is central to the prediction and prevention of failure events. Many sources of materials data exist that provide variability information but such sources do not necessarily represent a consensus of experts with respect to the reported trends that are represented. Such a need has been identified by the ASME Standards Technology, LLC and initial steps have been taken to address these needs: however, these steps are limited to project-specific applications only, such as the joint DOE-ASME project on materials for Generation IV nuclear reactors. In contrast to light-water reactor technology, the experience base for the Generation IV nuclear reactors is somewhat lacking and heavy reliance must be placed on model development and predictive capability. The database for model development is being assembled and includes existing code alloys such as alloy 800H and 9Cr-1Mo-V steel. Ownership and use rights are potential barriers that must be addressed.

Swindeman, Robert W [ORNL; Ren, Weiju [ORNL

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Surface treated natural graphite as anode material for high-power Li-ion battery applications.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High power application of Li-ion battery in hybrid electrical vehicles requires low cost and safe cell materials. Among the various carbon anode materials used in lithium ion batteries, natural graphite shows the most promise with advantages in performance and cost. However, natural graphite is not compatible with propylene carbonate (PC)-based electrolytes, which have a lower melting point and improved safety characteristics. The problem with it is that the molecules of propylene carbonate intercalate with Li+ into graphite, and that frequently leads to the exfoliation of the graphite matrix.

Liu, J.; Vissers, D. R.; Amine, K.; Barsukov, I. V.; Henry, F.; Doniger, J.; Chemical Engineering; Superior Graphite Co.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Prognostics and Health Management in Nuclear Power Plants: A Review of Technologies and Applications  

SciTech Connect

This report reviews the current state of the art of prognostics and health management (PHM) for nuclear power systems and related technology currently applied in field or under development in other technological application areas, as well as key research needs and technical gaps for increased use of PHM in nuclear power systems. The historical approach to monitoring and maintenance in nuclear power plants (NPPs), including the Maintenance Rule for active components and Aging Management Plans for passive components, are reviewed. An outline is given for the technical and economic challenges that make PHM attractive for both legacy plants through Light Water Reactor Sustainability (LWRS) and new plant designs. There is a general introduction to PHM systems for monitoring, fault detection and diagnostics, and prognostics in other, non-nuclear fields. The state of the art for health monitoring in nuclear power systems is reviewed. A discussion of related technologies that support the application of PHM systems in NPPs, including digital instrumentation and control systems, wired and wireless sensor technology, and PHM software architectures is provided. Appropriate codes and standards for PHM are discussed, along with a description of the ongoing work in developing additional necessary standards. Finally, an outline of key research needs and opportunities that must be addressed in order to support the application of PHM in legacy and new NPPs is presented.

Coble, Jamie B.; Ramuhalli, Pradeep; Bond, Leonard J.; Hines, Wes; Upadhyaya, Belle

2012-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

207

Radiological Assessment of Target Materials for Accelerator Transmutation of Waste (ATW) Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper issues the first published research of the radiation absorbed dose rate (rad-h-1) to tissue from radioactive spallation products in target materials of Ta, W, Pb, Bi, and LBE which are used in Accelerator Transmutation of Waste (ATW) applications. No previous works have provided an estimate of the absorbed dose rate (rad-h-1) from activated targets for ATW applications. The results of this paper are useful for planning the radiological safety assessment to personnel, and for the design, construction, maintenance, and disposition of target materials of high-energy particle accelerators for ATW applications. In addition, this paper provides the characterization of target materials of high-energy particle accelerators for the parameters of: 1) spallation neutron yield (neutrons/proton), 2) spallation products yield (nuclides/proton), 3) energy-dependent spallation neutron fluence distribution, 4) spallation neutron flux, 5) identification of radioactive spallation products for consideration in safety of personnel to high radiation dose rates, and 6) identification of the optimum geometrical dimensions for the target applicable to the maximum radial spallation neutron leakage from the target. Pb and Bi target materials yielded the lowest absorbed dose rates (rad-h-1) for a 10-year irradiation/50-year decay scheme, and would be the preferred target materials for consideration of the radiological safety of personnel during ATW operations. A beneficial characteristic of these target materials is that they do not produce radioactive transuranic isotopes, which have very long half-lives and require special handling and disposition requirements Furthermore, the targets are not considered High-Level Waste (HLW) such as reactor spent fuel for disposal purposes. It is a basic ATW system requirement that the spallation target after it has been expended should be disposable as Class C low-level radioactive waste. Therefore, the disposal of Pb and Bi targets would be optimally beneficial to the economy and environment. Future research should relate the target performance to other system parameters, specifically solid and liquid blanket systems that contain the radioactive waste to be transmuted. The methodology of this paper may be applied to any target material of a high-energy particle accelerator. (author)

Vickers, Linda D. [BWXT, U.S. Department of Energy, Pantex Plant, P.O. Box 30020, Hwy60/FM2373, Amarillo, TX 79120-0020 (United States)

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Potential industrial applications for composite phase-change materials as thermal energy storage media  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Considerable effort has been spent by the US Department of Energy and its contractors over the last few years to develop composite phase-change materials (CPCMs) for thermal energy storage (TES). This patented TES medium consists of a phase-change material (typically a salt or metal alloy) that is retained within the porous structure of a supporting material (typically a ceramic). The objectives of this study were to (1) introduce CPCMs to industries that may not otherwise be aware of them, (2) identify potentially attractive applications for CPCM in industry, (3) determine technical requirements that will affect the design of CPCM's for specific applications, and (4) generate interest among industrial firms for employing CPCM TES in their processes. The approach in this study was to examine a wide variety of industries using a series of screens to select those industries that would be most likely to adopt CPCM TES in their processes. The screens used in this study were process temperature, presence of time-varying energy flows, energy intensity of the industry, and economic growth prospects over the next 5 years. After identifying industries that passed all of the screens, representatives of each industry were interviewed by telephone to introduce them to CPCM TES, assess technical requirements for CPCM TES in their industry, and determine their interest in pursuing applications for CPCM TES. 11 refs., 4 tabs.

Spanner, G.E.; Wilfert, G.L.

1989-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

A review of irradiation effects on LWR core internal materials - IASCC susceptibility and crack growth rates of austenitic stainless steels.  

SciTech Connect

Austenitic stainless steels (SSs) are used extensively as structural alloys in the internal components of light water reactor (LWR) pressure vessels because of their relatively high strength, ductility, and fracture toughness. However, exposure to neutron irradiation for extended periods changes the microstructure (radiation hardening) and microchemistry (radiation-induced segregation) of these steels, and degrades their fracture properties. Irradiation-assisted stress corrosion cracking (IASCC) is another degradation process that affects LWR internal components exposed to neutron radiation. The existing data on irradiated austenitic SSs were reviewed to evaluate the effects of key parameters such as material composition, irradiation dose, and water chemistry on IASCC susceptibility and crack growth rates of these materials in LWR environments. The significance of microstructural and microchemistry changes in the material on IASCC susceptibility is also discussed. The results are used to determine (a) the threshold fluence for IASCC and (b) the disposition curves for cyclic and IASCC growth rates for irradiated SSs in LWR environments.

Chopra, O. K.; Roa, A. S.; Environmental Science Division; U.S. NRC

2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

210

Materials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Materials Materials and methods are available as supplementary materials on Science Online. 16. W. Benz, A. G. W. Cameron, H. J. Melosh, Icarus 81, 113 (1989). 17. S. L. Thompson, H. S. Lauson, Technical Rep. SC-RR-710714, Sandia Nat. Labs (1972). 18. H. J. Melosh, Meteorit. Planet. Sci. 42, 2079 (2007). 19. S. Ida, R. M. Canup, G. R. Stewart, Nature 389, 353 (1997). 20. E. Kokubo, J. Makino, S. Ida, Icarus 148, 419 (2000). 21. M. M. M. Meier, A. Reufer, W. Benz, R. Wieler, Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society LXXIV, abstr. 5039 (2011). 22. C. B. Agnor, R. M. Canup, H. F. Levison, Icarus 142, 219 (1999). 23. D. P. O'Brien, A. Morbidelli, H. F. Levison, Icarus 184, 39 (2006). 24. R. M. Canup, Science 307, 546 (2005). 25. J. J. Salmon, R. M. Canup, Lunar Planet. Sci. XLIII, 2540 (2012). Acknowledgments: SPH simulation data are contained in tables S2 to S5 of the supplementary materials. Financial support

211

APPLICATION FO FLOW FORMING FOR USE IN RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL PACKAGING DESIGNS  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports on the development and testing performed to demonstrate the use of flow forming as an alternate method of manufacturing containment vessels for use in radioactive material shipping packaging designs. Additionally, ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section III, Subsection NB compliance along with the benefits compared to typical welding of containment vessels will be discussed. SRNL has completed fabrication development and the testing on flow formed containment vessels to demonstrate the use of flow forming as an alternate method of manufacturing a welded 6-inch diameter containment vessel currently used in the 9975 and 9977 radioactive material shipping packaging. Material testing and nondestructive evaluation of the flow formed parts demonstrate compliance to the minimum material requirements specified in applicable parts of ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section II. Destructive burst testing shows comparable results to that of a welded design. The benefits of flow forming as compared to typical welding of containment vessels are significant: dimensional control is improved due to no weld distortion; less final machining; weld fit-up issues associated with pipes and pipe caps are eliminated; post-weld non-destructive testing (i.e., radiography and die penetrant tests) is not necessary; and less fabrication steps are required. Results presented in this paper indicate some of the benefits in adapting flow forming to design of future radioactive material shipping packages containment vessels.

Blanton, P.; Eberl, K.; Abramczyk, G.

2012-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

212

Polynorbornene as a low loss matrix material for IR metamaterial applications.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Novel low loss photopatternable matrix materials for IR metamaterial applications were synthesized using the ring opening metathesis polymerization reaction (ROMP) of norbornene followed by a partial hydrogenation to remove most of the IR absorbing olefin groups which absorb in the 8-12 {micro}m range. Photopatterning was achieved via crosslinking of the remaining olefin groups with alpha, omega-dithiols via the thiol-ene coupling reaction. Since ROMP is a living polymerization the molecular weight of the polymer can be controlled simply by varying the ratio of catalyst to monomer. In order to determine the optimum photopattenable IR matrix material we varied the amount of olefin remaining after the partial hydrogenation. Hydrogenation was accomplished using tosyl hydrazide. The degree of hydrogenation can be controlled by altering the reaction time or reaction stoichiometry and the by-products can be easily removed during workup by precipitation into ethanol. Several polymers have been prepared using this reduction scheme including two polymers which had 54% and 68% olefin remaining. Free standing films (approx. 12 {micro}m) were prepared from the 68% olefin material using draw-down technique and subsequently irradiated with a UV lamp (365 nm) for thirty minutes to induce crosslinking via thiol-ene reaction. After crosslinking, the olefin IR-absorption band disappeared and the Tg of the matrix material increased; both desirable properties for IR metamaterial applications. The polymer system has inherent photopatternable behavior primarily because of solubility differences between the pre-polymer and cross-linked matrix. Photopatterned structures using the 54% as well as the 68% olefin material were easily obtained. The synthesis, processing, and IR absorption data and the ramifications to dielectric metamaterials will be discussed.

Arrington, Christian Lew; Sinclair, Michael B.; Ginn, James Cleveland, III; Lee, Yun-Ju; Sanchez, Andrea E.; Clem, Paul Gilbert; Hines, Paul; Dirk, Shawn M.; Rasberry, Roger D.

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Material  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Li(Ni{sub 0.4}Co{sub 0.15}Al{sub 0.05}Mn{sub 0.4})O{sub 2} was investigated to understand the effect of replacement of the cobalt by aluminum on the structural and electrochemical properties. In situ X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) was performed, utilizing a novel in situ electrochemical cell, specifically designed for long-term X-ray experiments. The cell was cycled at a moderate rate through a typical Li-ion battery operating voltage range. (1.0-4.7 V) XAS measurements were performed at different states of charge (SOC) during cycling, at the Ni, Co, and the Mn edges, revealing details about the response of the cathode to Li insertion and extraction processes. The extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) region of the spectra revealed the changes of bond distance and coordination number of Ni, Co, and Mn absorbers as a function of the SOC of the material. The oxidation states of the transition metals in the system are Ni{sup 2+}, Co{sup 3+}, and Mn{sup 4+} in the as-made material (fully discharged), while during charging the Ni{sup 2+} is oxidized to Ni{sup 4+} through an intermediate stage of Ni{sup 3+}, Co{sup 3+} is oxidized toward Co{sup 4+}, and Mn was found to be electrochemically inactive and remained as Mn{sup 4+}. The EXAFS results during cycling show that the Ni-O changes the most, followed by Co-O, and Mn-O varies the least. These measurements on this cathode material confirmed that the material retains its symmetry and good structural short-range order leading to the superior cycling reported earlier.

Rumble, C.; Conry, T.E.; Doeff, Marca; Cairns, Elton J.; Penner-Hahn, James E.; Deb, Aniruddha

2010-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

214

Radiological Assessment of Target Materials for Accelerator Transmutation of Waste Applications  

SciTech Connect

This paper provides the radiation absorbed dose rates (rad-h{sup -1}) to a tissue-equivalent torus ring at 1 meter from radioactive spallation products in Ta, W, Pb, Bi, and LBE target materials used in Accelerator Transmutation of Waste (ATW) applications. No previous works have provided an estimate of the absorbed dose rates (rad-h{sup -1}) to tissue from activated targets for ATW applications. In addition, this paper provides the characterization of target materials of high-energy particle accelerators for the parameters of (a) spallation neutron yield (neutrons/proton), (b) spallation products yield (nuclides/proton), (c) energy-dependent spallation neutron fluence distribution (n-cm{sup -2} MeV{sup -1}), and (d) identification of the optimal target dimensions to yield the maximum radial spallation neutron leakage from the target. A beneficial characteristic of these target materials (Ta, W, Pb, Bi, and LBE) is they do not produce radioactive transuranic isotopes, which have very long half-lives and require special handling and disposition controls. In addition, these activated, spent targets are not considered high-level radioactive waste for disposal purposes such as spent fuel from a nuclear power reactor.

Vickers, Linda D

2003-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

215

Review of the margins for ASME code fatigue design curve - effects of surface roughness and material variability.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code provides rules for the construction of nuclear power plant components. The Code specifies fatigue design curves for structural materials. However, the effects of light water reactor (LWR) coolant environments are not explicitly addressed by the Code design curves. Existing fatigue strain-vs.-life ({var_epsilon}-N) data illustrate potentially significant effects of LWR coolant environments on the fatigue resistance of pressure vessel and piping steels. This report provides an overview of the existing fatigue {var_epsilon}-N data for carbon and low-alloy steels and wrought and cast austenitic SSs to define the effects of key material, loading, and environmental parameters on the fatigue lives of the steels. Experimental data are presented on the effects of surface roughness on the fatigue life of these steels in air and LWR environments. Statistical models are presented for estimating the fatigue {var_epsilon}-N curves as a function of the material, loading, and environmental parameters. Two methods for incorporating environmental effects into the ASME Code fatigue evaluations are discussed. Data available in the literature have been reviewed to evaluate the conservatism in the existing ASME Code fatigue evaluations. A critical review of the margins for ASME Code fatigue design curves is presented.

Chopra, O. K.; Shack, W. J.; Energy Technology

2003-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

216

A Review of Methods for the Manufacture of Residential RoofingMaterials  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Shingles, tiles, and metal products comprise over 80% (by roof area) of the California roofing market (54-58% fiberglass shingle, 8-10% concrete tile, 8-10% clay tile, 7% metal, 3% wood shake, and 3% slate). In climates with significant demand for cooling energy, increasing roof solar reflectance reduces energy consumption in mechanically cooled buildings, and improves occupant comfort in non-conditioned buildings. This report examines methods for manufacturing fiberglass shingles, concrete tiles, clay tiles, and metal roofing. The report also discusses innovative methods for increasing the solar reflectance of these roofing materials. We have focused on these four roofing products because they are typically colored with pigmented coatings or additives. A better understanding of the current practices for manufacturing colored roofing materials would allow us to develop cool colored materials creatively and more effectively.

Akbari, Hashem; Levinson, Ronnen; Berdahl, Paul

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

A Review of Literature Related to the Use of Spray Dryer Absorber Material  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Coal-fired power plants account for the majority of sulfur dioxide (SO2) emissions in the United States. Legislative actions in the United States and elsewhere have been responsible for most industrial SO2 controls, resulting in the installation of flue gas desulfurization (FGD) systems. In the United States, approximately 85% of FGD systems are wet, 12% are spray dryer absorber (SDA) systems, and 3% are dry injection systems. This report is a compilation of an extensive literature review on SDA systems ...

2007-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

218

SNM Movement Detection/Radiation Sensors and Advanced Materials Portfolio Review  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The project objectives are: (1) determine for the first time the properties limiting the performance of CZT detectors; (2) develop efficient, non-destructive techniques to measure the quality of detector materials; and (3) provide rapid feedback to crystal growers and, in conjunction with suppliers, improve CZT detector performance as measured by device energy resolution, efficiency, stability and cost. The goal is a stable commercial supply of low-cost, high energy resolution (0.5% FWHM at 662 keV) CZT crystals for detecting, characterizing and imaging nuclear and radiological materials in a wide variety of field conditions.

James,R.

2008-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

219

Reclaiming Reusable and Recyclable Materials in Africa A Critical Review of English Language Literature  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

series in October 2009. The series profiles content that makes either an empirical or theoretical contribution to existing knowledge about the urban working poor, their living and work environments and/or their organisations. Particular attention is paid to examining policy and planning paradigms and practice. The series includes statistical profiles of urban informal work and critical analysis of data gathering techniques. Attention is paid to methodological issues and innovations as well as suggestions for future research. All papers are peer reviewed. This Series is co-ordinated by WIEGOs Urban Policies Programme Director, Caroline Skinner, who is based at the African

Melanie Samson; Wiego Urban Policies

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

ESS 2012 Peer Review - Advanced Sodium Battery - Joonho Koh, Materials & Systems Research  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Sodium Battery Sodium Battery Joonho Koh (jkoh@msrihome.com), Greg Tao (gtao@msrihome.com), Neill Weber, and Anil V. Virkar Materials & Systems Research, Inc., 5395 W 700 S, Salt Lake City, UT 84104 Company Introduction History  Founded in 1990 by Dr. Dinesh K. Shetty and Dr. Anil V. Virkar  Currently 11 employees including 5 PhDs  10,000 ft² research facility in Salt Lake City, Utah MSRI's Experience of Na Batteries Status of the Na Batteries Overall Project Description Goal Develop advanced Na battery technology for enhanced safety, reduced fabrication cost, and high-power performance Approach  Innovative cell design using stronger structural materials  Reduction of the fabrication cost using a simple and reliable processing technique

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "review application materials" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

ESS 2012 Peer Review - Advanced Materials for Flow Batteries - Travis Anderson, SNL  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Advanced Materials for Advanced Materials for Flow Batteries Friday, September 28, 2012 Travis M. Anderson and Harry D. Pratt III Sandia National Laboratories Ionic Liquid Flow Batteries MetIL - + MetIL * 59 mV/n separation (ideally n > 1) * Viscosity < 500 cP * Conductivity > 0.5 mS cm -1 * Open Circuit Potential > 1.5 V Problem: Getting high concentrations of redox active species. MetILs * Transition Metal Cation * Weakly Coordinating Anions * Alkanolamine Ligands * Negligible Vapor Pressure * Non-toxic 2 FY12 Milestones Approach: Design electrolytes with charge storage species as part of their chemical composition. Energy Density/Costs SNL APPROACH: Consider a compound CuL 2 BF 4 (L = methanolamine, MW = 47 g/mol), measured density 1.6 g/mL, formula weight,

222

Interim Report on the Disposition of Solid Material: Comparative Review of Three Published Clearance Guides  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As part of the rulemaking process, the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) is currently evaluating alternative approaches to control the disposition of solid material at nuclear facilities. The proposed rule would likely incorporate a dose-based criterion. While the NRC has been developing the scope and details of a rule, various national and international organizations have reported dose-based activity concentration levels that utilities may apply to clearance. This document evaluates and discusses...

2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

223

A review of gas-cooled reactor concepts for SDI (Strategic Defense Initiative) applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

We have completed a review of multimegawatt gas-cooled reactor concepts proposed for SDI applications. Our study concluded that the principal reason for considering gas-cooled reactors for burst-mode operation was the potential for significant system mass savings over closed-cycle systems if open-cycle gas-cooled operation (effluent exhausted to space) is acceptable. The principal reason for considering gas-cooled reactors for steady-state operation is that they may represent a lower technology risk than other approaches. In the review, nine gas-cooled reactor concepts were compared to identify the most promising. For burst-mode operation, the NERVA (Nuclear Engine for Rocket Vehicle Application) derivative reactor concept emerged as a strong first choice since its performance exceeds the anticipated operational requirements and the technology has been demonstrated and is retrievable. Although the NERVA derivative concepts were determined to be the lead candidates for the Multimegawatt Steady-State (MMWSS) mode as well, their lead over the other candidates is not as great as for the burst mode. 90 refs., 2 figs., 10 tabs.

Marshall, A.C.

1989-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Review of SRC-II process product hydrotreating data, for completeness and applicability to the demo plant  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The SRC-II product naphtha, gas oil, and whole liquid product hydrotreating data base was reviewed for completeness and applicability to the design of the SRC-II Demonstration Plant. Primary data sources were the Chevron and the UOP experimental hydrotreating work and the PNL bioassay investigations on UOP hydrotreated samples. Secondary data were the hydrotreating data for both the EDS and the H-Coal liquid products. The SRC-II product hydrotreating data are sparse at this point, but in view of the fact that these data can be supplemented through correlation with the corresponding data for the EDS and H-Coal liquid fractions, it is concluded that a sufficient data base exists for the closure of a hydrotreating plant material balance at least in the hydrotreating severity range of the Phase 0 design goals. Little thermal property data appear in the literature for coal-derived liquids; thus it will be necessary to draw upon correlations developed in the petroleum industry for closure of the plant energy balance unless experimental thermal property data are forthcoming. An area of uncertainty and concern at this time is the extent to which the Demo Plant product mutagenicity would be reduced by hydrotreatment. Although bioassay tests were conducted on both moderately and severely hydrotreated SRC-II Pilot Plant gas oil, the Demo Plant product is expected to contain an appreciable fraction of 800/sup 0/F/sup +/ material, compared with the Pilot Plant product, which contained essentially no material in this higher boiling range.

Frazier, G.C.; Faruqi, A.

1981-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Healthful LipidsChapter 17 Lipase Reactions Applicable to Purification of Oil-and Fat-Related Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Healthful Lipids Chapter 17 Lipase Reactions Applicable to Purification of Oil-and Fat-Related Materials Health Nutrition Biochemistry eChapters Health - Nutrition - Biochemistry AOCS Press Downloadable pdf of C

226

Single crystal silicon as a macro-world structural material : application to compact, lightweight high pressure vessels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Single crystal silicon has promising inherent structural properties which are attractive for weight sensitive applications. Single crystal silicon, however, is a brittle material which makes the usable strength that can ...

Garza, Tanya Cruz

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Solution Synthesis and Processing of PZT Materials for Neutron Generator Applications  

SciTech Connect

A new solution synthesis route has been developed for the preparation of lead-based ferroelectric materials (patent filed). The process produces controlled stoichiometry precursor powders by non-aqueous precipitation. For a given ferroelectric material to be prepared, a metal acetate/alkoxide solution containing constituent metal species in the appropriate ratio is mixed with an oxalic acid/n-propanol precipitant solution. An oxalate coprecipitate is instantly fonned upon mixing that quantitatively removes the metals from solution. Most of the process development was focused on the synthesis and processing of niobium-substituted lead zirconate titanate with a Zr-to-Ti ratio of 95:5 (PNZT 95/5) that has an application in neutron generator power supplies. The process was scaled to produce 1.6 kg of the PNZT 95/5 powder using either a sen-ii-batch or a continuous precipitation scheme. Several of the PNZT 95/5 powder lots were processed into ceramic slug form. The slugs in turn were processed into components and characterized. The physical properties and electrical performance (including explosive functional testing of the components met the requirements set for the neutron generator application. Also, it has been demonstrated that the process is highly reproducible with respect to the properties of the powders it produces and the properties of the ceramics prepared from its powders. The work described in this report was funded by Sandia's Laboratory Directed Research and Development Program.

Anderson, M.A.; Ewsuk, K.G.; Montoya, T.V.; Moore, R.H.; Sipola, D.L.; Tuttle, B.A.; Voigt, J.A.

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Literature review of the lifetime of DOE materials: Aging of plastic bonded explosives and the explosives and polymers contained therein  

SciTech Connect

There are concerns about the lifetime of the nation`s stockpile of high explosives (HEs) and their components. The DOE`s Core Surveillance and Enhanced Surveillance programs specifically target degradation of HE, binders, and plastic-bonded explosives (PBXs) for determination of component lifetimes and handling procedures. The principal goal of this project is to identify the decomposition mechanisms of HEs, plasticizers, and plastic polymer binders resulting from exposure to ionizing radiation, heat, and humidity. The primary HEs of concern are 1,3,5-triamino-2,4,6-trinitrobenzene (TATB) and 1,3,5,7-tetranitro-1,3,5,7-tetraazocyclooctane (HMX). Hexahydro-1,3,5-triazine (RDX) is closely related to these two compounds and is also included in the literature review. Both Kel-F 800 and Estane are polymers of interest. A stabilizer, Irganox 1010, and an energetic plasticizer that is a blend of acetaldehyde 2,2-dinitropropyl acetal, are also of interest, but the focus of this report will be on the explosives and polymers. This presents a literature review that provides background on the synthesis, degradation, and techniques to analyze TATB, HMX, RDX, Kel-F 800, Estane, and the PBXs of these compounds. As there are many factors that can influence degradation of materials, the degradation discussion will be divided into sections based on each factor and how it might affect the degradation mechanism. The factors reviewed that influence the degradation of these materials are exposure to heat, UV- and {gamma}-irradiation, and the chemistry of these compounds. The report presents a recently compiled accounting of the available literature. 80 refs., 7 figs.

Burgess, C.E.; Woodyard, J.D. [West Texas A and M Univ., Canyon, TX (United States); Rainwater, K.A. [Texas Tech Univ., Lubbock, TX (United States); Lightfoot, J.M. [Pantex Plant, Amarillo, TX (United States); Richardson, B.R. [Engineered Carbons, Inc., Borger, TX (United States)

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Evaluation and Application of the Constant Flow Technique in Testing Low-Permeability Geo-Materials  

SciTech Connect

Safety assessment of facilities involved in geological disposal of hazardous waste, including radioactive nuclear waste, is generally performed through mass transport simulations combined with uncertainty and sensitivity analyses. Transport of contaminants, such as radionuclides, through an engineered and/or natural barrier system is mainly controlled by advection, dispersion, sorption, and chain decay. Ideally, waste disposal facilities should be constructed in the geological environments where groundwater is not existent, or groundwater is static, or its flow is extremely slow. Potential fluid flow, however, may be induced by thermal convection and/or gas generation, and thus accurate evaluation of hydraulic properties, specifically the permeability and specific storage, along with diffusive transport properties of engineered and natural barrier materials, is of fundamental importance for safety assessment. The engineered and natural barrier materials for isolating hazardous wastes are hydraulically tight, and special techniques are generally required to obtain both rapid and accurate determination of their hydraulic properties. In this paper, the constant flow technique is introduced and evaluated. The capability of this technique in testing low-permeability geo-materials are illustrated through practical applications to a bentonite-sand mixture and rock samples having low permeabilities. (authors)

Nakajima, H.; Takeda, M.; Zhang, M. [National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Research Center for Deep Geological Environments, Tsukuba, Ibaraki (Japan)

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

GATE Center of Excellence at UAB in Lightweight Materials for Automotive Applications  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the accomplishments of the UAB GATE Center of Excellence in Lightweight Materials for Automotive Applications. The first Phase of the UAB DOE GATE center spanned the period 2005-2011. The UAB GATE goals coordinated with the overall goals of DOE's FreedomCAR and Vehicles Technologies initiative and DOE GATE program. The FCVT goals are: (1) Development and validation of advanced materials and manufacturing technologies to significantly reduce automotive vehicle body and chassis weight without compromising other attributes such as safety, performance, recyclability, and cost; (2) To provide a new generation of engineers and scientists with knowledge and skills in advanced automotive technologies. The UAB GATE focused on both the FCVT and GATE goals in the following manner: (1) Train and produce graduates in lightweight automotive materials technologies; (2) Structure the engineering curricula to produce specialists in the automotive area; (3) Leverage automotive related industry in the State of Alabama; (4) Expose minority students to advanced technologies early in their career; (5) Develop innovative virtual classroom capabilities tied to real manufacturing operations; and (6) Integrate synergistic, multi-departmental activities to produce new product and manufacturing technologies for more damage tolerant, cost-effective, and lighter automotive structures.

None

2011-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

231

Insulation Materials: Testing and Applications, Third Volume, ASTM STP 1320, R. S. Graves and R. R. Zarr, Eds., American Society for Testing and Materials, 1997.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LBNL-38925 TA-399 Insulation Materials: Testing and Applications, Third Volume, ASTM STP 1320, R. S by the Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Office of Building Technology, State, and Dariush K. Arasteh Windows and Daylighting Group Building Technologies Department Environmental Energy

232

Nuclear power plant cable materials : review of qualification and currently available aging data for margin assessments in cable performance.  

SciTech Connect

A selective literature review was conducted to assess whether currently available accelerated aging and original qualification data could be used to establish operational margins for the continued use of cable insulation and jacketing materials in nuclear power plant environments. The materials are subject to chemical and physical degradation under extended radiationthermal- oxidative conditions. Of particular interest were the circumstances under which existing aging data could be used to predict whether aged materials should pass loss of coolant accident (LOCA) performance requirements. Original LOCA qualification testing usually involved accelerated aging simulations of the 40-year expected ambient aging conditions followed by a LOCA simulation. The accelerated aging simulations were conducted under rapid accelerated aging conditions that did not account for many of the known limitations in accelerated polymer aging and therefore did not correctly simulate actual aging conditions. These highly accelerated aging conditions resulted in insulation materials with mostlyinert' aging processes as well as jacket materials where oxidative damage dropped quickly away from the air-exposed outside jacket surface. Therefore, for most LOCA performance predictions, testing appears to have relied upon heterogeneous aging behavior with oxidation often limited to the exterior of the cable cross-section - a situation which is not comparable with the nearly homogenous oxidative aging that will occur over decades under low dose rate and low temperature plant conditions. The historical aging conditions are therefore insufficient to determine with reasonable confidence the remaining operational margins for these materials. This does not necessarily imply that the existing 40-year-old materials would fail if LOCA conditions occurred, but rather that unambiguous statements about the current aging state and anticipated LOCA performance cannot be provided based on original qualification testing data alone. The non-availability of conclusive predictions for the aging conditions of 40-year-old cables implies that the same levels of uncertainty will remain for any re-qualification or extended operation of these cables. The highly variable aging behavior of the range of materials employed also implies that simple, standardized aging tests are not sufficient to provide the required aging data and performance predictions for all materials. It is recommended that focused studies be conducted that would yield the material aging parameters needed to predict aging behaviors under low dose, low temperature plant equivalent conditions and that appropriately aged specimens be prepared that would mimic oxidatively-aged 40- to 60- year-old materials for confirmatory LOCA performance testing. This study concludes that it is not sufficient to expose materials to rapid, high radiation and high temperature levels with subsequent LOCA qualification testing in order to predictively quantify safety margins of existing infrastructure with regard to LOCA performance. We need to better understand how cable jacketing and insulation materials have degraded over decades of power plant operation and how this aging history relates to service life prediction and the performance of existing equipment to withstand a LOCA situation.

Celina, Mathias Christopher; Gillen, Kenneth Todd; Lindgren, Eric Richard

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Nuclear power plant cable materials : review of qualification and currently available aging data for margin assessments in cable performance.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A selective literature review was conducted to assess whether currently available accelerated aging and original qualification data could be used to establish operational margins for the continued use of cable insulation and jacketing materials in nuclear power plant environments. The materials are subject to chemical and physical degradation under extended radiationthermal- oxidative conditions. Of particular interest were the circumstances under which existing aging data could be used to predict whether aged materials should pass loss of coolant accident (LOCA) performance requirements. Original LOCA qualification testing usually involved accelerated aging simulations of the 40-year expected ambient aging conditions followed by a LOCA simulation. The accelerated aging simulations were conducted under rapid accelerated aging conditions that did not account for many of the known limitations in accelerated polymer aging and therefore did not correctly simulate actual aging conditions. These highly accelerated aging conditions resulted in insulation materials with mostlyinert' aging processes as well as jacket materials where oxidative damage dropped quickly away from the air-exposed outside jacket surface. Therefore, for most LOCA performance predictions, testing appears to have relied upon heterogeneous aging behavior with oxidation often limited to the exterior of the cable cross-section - a situation which is not comparable with the nearly homogenous oxidative aging that will occur over decades under low dose rate and low temperature plant conditions. The historical aging conditions are therefore insufficient to determine with reasonable confidence the remaining operational margins for these materials. This does not necessarily imply that the existing 40-year-old materials would fail if LOCA conditions occurred, but rather that unambiguous statements about the current aging state and anticipated LOCA performance cannot be provided based on original qualification testing data alone. The non-availability of conclusive predictions for the aging conditions of 40-year-old cables implies that the same levels of uncertainty will remain for any re-qualification or extended operation of these cables. The highly variable aging behavior of the range of materials employed also implies that simple, standardized aging tests are not sufficient to provide the required aging data and performance predictions for all materials. It is recommended that focused studies be conducted that would yield the material aging parameters needed to predict aging behaviors under low dose, low temperature plant equivalent conditions and that appropriately aged specimens be prepared that would mimic oxidatively-aged 40- to 60- year-old materials for confirmatory LOCA performance testing. This study concludes that it is not sufficient to expose materials to rapid, high radiation and high temperature levels with subsequent LOCA qualification testing in order to predictively quantify safety margins of existing infrastructure with regard to LOCA performance. We need to better understand how cable jacketing and insulation materials have degraded over decades of power plant operation and how this aging history relates to service life prediction and the performance of existing equipment to withstand a LOCA situation.

Celina, Mathias Christopher; Gillen, Kenneth Todd; Lindgren, Eric Richard

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Review  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

review of the Phase I DP for the West Valley Demonstration Project, Rev. I (Reference 1). DOE submitted responses to the other 38 of the 44 RAIs to NRC on August 13, 2009 (Reference 3). Enclosed are 20 paper copies of the RAI response package along with 20 compact disks. Each compact disk contains an electronic copy of the six RAI responses and two calculationQ t Dr. Keith 1. McConnell-3- September 16, 2009 For Further Information Please note that DOE's RAI responses and the proposed decommissioning approach are based on the preferred alternative in the Revised Draft Environmental Impact Statement for

unknown authors

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Study of metallic materials for solid oxide fuel cell interconnect applications.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Metallic interconnect acts as a gas separator and a gas distributor and therefore, it needs to function adequately in two widely different environments. The interconnect material will be exposed to air on one side and natural gas or coal-derived synthesis gas on the other side. The viable material for the interconnect application must be resistant not only to oxidation but also carburization in hydrocarbon containing low-oxygen environments. In addition, the scales that develop on the exposed surfaces must possess adequate electrical conductivity for them to function as current leads over long service life of the fuel cell. This report addresses five topics of interest for the development of metallic interconnects with adequate performance in fuel cells for long service life. The research conducted over the years and the conclusions reached were used to identify additional areas of research on materials for improved performance of components, especially metallic interconnects, in the complex fuel cell environments. This report details research conducted in the following areas: measurement of area specific electrical resistivity, corrosion performance in dual gas environments by experiments using alloy 446, long term corrosion performance of ferritic and austenitic alloys in hydrogen and methane-reformed synthesis fuel-gas environments, approaches to reduce the area resistance of metallic interconnect, and reduction of electrical resistivity of alumina scales on metallic interconnect. Based on the key requirements for metallic interconnects and the data developed on the corrosion behavior of candidate materials in meeting those requirements, several areas are recommended for further research to develop metallic interconnects with acceptable and reliable long-term performance in solid oxide fuel cells.

Natesan, K.; Zeng, Z.; Nuclear Engineering Division

2009-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

236

DOE-DARPA High-Performance Corrosion-Resistant Materials (HPCRM), Annual HPCRM Team Meeting & Technical Review  

SciTech Connect

The overall goal is to develop high-performance corrosion-resistant iron-based amorphous-metal coatings for prolonged trouble-free use in very aggressive environments: seawater & hot geothermal brines. The specific technical objectives are: (1) Synthesize Fe-based amorphous-metal coating with corrosion resistance comparable/superior to Ni-based Alloy C-22; (2) Establish processing parameter windows for applying and controlling coating attributes (porosity, density, bonding); (3) Assess possible cost savings through substitution of Fe-based material for more expensive Ni-based Alloy C-22; (4) Demonstrate practical fabrication processes; (5) Produce quality materials and data with complete traceability for nuclear applications; and (6) Develop, validate and calibrate computational models to enable life prediction and process design.

Farmer, J; Brown, B; Bayles, B; Lemieux, T; Choi, J; Ajdelsztajn, L; Dannenberg, J; Lavernia, E; Schoenung, J; Branagan, D; Blue, C; Peter, B; Beardsley, B; Graeve, O; Aprigliano, L; Yang, N; Perepezko, J; Hildal, K; Kaufman, L; Lewandowski, J; Perepezko, J; Hildal, K; Kaufman, L; Lewandowski, J; Boudreau, J

2007-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

237

ESS 2012 Peer Review - Next Generation Composite Materials for Flywheel Development - Timothy Lambert, SNL  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Sandia! Sandia! National! Laboratories! Acknowledgments We gratefully acknowledge support from Dr. Imre Gyuk and the Office of Electricity, Delivery and Energy Reliability. Sandia is a multi-program laboratory operated by Sandia Corporation, a Lockheed-Martin Company, for the United States Department of Energy s National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000. Abstract Flywheels are "mechanical battery" storage systems that have fast response times, long lifetimes and lower maintenance costs; when coupled with high-temperature superconducting (HTS) bearings, flywheels can exhibit extremely low rotational losses resulting in high efficiency. For energy storage purposes, materials with higher strengths, and lower densities that would allow the flywheel to spin

238

A materials and equipment review of selected US geothermal district heating systems  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This collection of information was assembled for the benefit of future geothermal system designers and existing system operators. It is intended to provide insight into the experience gained from the operation of 13 major geothermal systems over the past several years. Each chapter contains six or seven sections depending upon the type of system: introduction, production facilities, distribution, customer connections, metering and disposal. Some chapters, covering systems which incorporate a closed distribution design include a section on the central mechanical room. Each section details the original equipment and materials installed in that portion of the system. Following each section is a discussion of the subsequent problems, solutions and modifications relating to the equipment. The extent to which information was available varied from system to system. This is reflected in the length and level of detail of the chapters.

Rafferty, K.D.

1989-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Drilling Sideways -- A Review of Horizontal Well Technology and Its Domestic Application  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

TR-0565 TR-0565 Distribution Category UC-950 Drilling Sideways -- A Review of Horizontal Well Technology and Its Domestic Application April 1993 Energy Information Administration Office of Oil and Gas U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 This report was prepared by the Energy Information Administration, the independent statistical and analytical agency within the Department of Energy. The information contained herein should not be construed as advocating or reflecting any policy position of the Department of Energy or any other organization. Contacts This report was prepared by the Energy Information Administration, Office of Oil and Gas, under the general direction of Diane W. Lique, Director of the Reserves and Natural Gas Division, Craig H. Cranston, Chief of the Reserves and Production Branch, and David F. Morehouse, Senior Supervisory Geologist. Information regarding

240

Emerging Technologies Applicable to the Safe and Secure Transportation of Hazardous Materials  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

National Transportation Stakeholders Forum National Transportation Stakeholders Forum May 16, 2012 HMCRP Project HM-04: Emerging Technologies Applicable to Hazardous Materials Transportation Safety and Security 2 The HM-04 Team * Battelle - Prime - Bill Tate, Project Director/PI & Co-Author * Dr. Mark Abkowitz, Vanderbilt University - Co-Author * American Transportation Research Institute (ATRI) - Dan Murray, Lead * Visionary Solutions, LLC - Dan Hoglund, Lead * Olin Chemical Chlor-Alkali Division - Don Loftis 3 Project Objectives * Develop a list of near-term (less than 5 years) and longer-term (5-15 years) technologies that are candidates for enhancing safety and security of Hazmat transportation; * Identify emerging technologies that hold the greatest promise (in terms of effectiveness) of being introduced

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "review application materials" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Development of Nb and Alternative Material Thin Films Tailored for SRF Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Over the years, Nb/Cu technology, despite its shortcomings due to the commonly used magnetron sputtering, has positioned itself as an alternative route for the future of superconducting structures used in accelerators. Recently, significant progress has been made in the development of energetic vacuum deposition techniques, showing promise for the production of thin films tailored for SRF applications. JLab is pursuing energetic condensation deposition via techniques such as Electron Cyclotron Resonance and High Power Impulse Magnetron Sputtering. As part of this project, the influence of the deposition energy on the material and RF properties of the Nb thin film is investigated with the characterization of their surface, structure, superconducting properties and RF response. It has been shown that the film RRR can be tuned from single digits to values greater than 400. This paper presents results on surface impedance measurements correlated with surface and material characterization for Nb films produced on various substrates, monocrystalline and polycrystalline as well as amorphous. A progress report on work on NbTiN and AlN based multilayer structures will also be presented.

Valente-Feliciano, A -M; Reece, C E; Spradlin, J K; Xiao, B; Zhao, X; Gu, Diefeng; Baumgart, Helmut; Beringer, Douglas; Lukaszew, Rosa

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

Application of Micro-XRF for Nuclear Materials Characterization and Problem Solving  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Micro-X-ray fluorescence (MXRF) used for >> 20 years To date MXRF has been underutilized for nuclear materials (NM) spatially-resolved elemental characterization. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) with EDX much more common for NM characterization at a micro scale. But MXRF fills gap for larger 10's microns to cm{sup 2} scales. Will present four interesting NM applications using MXRF. Demonstrated unique value of MXRF for various plutonium applications. Although SEM has much higher resolution, MXRF clearly better for these larger scale samples (especially non-conducting samples). MXRF useful to quickly identify insoluble particles in Pu/Np oxide. MXRF vital to locating HEPA filter Pu particles over cm{sup 2} areas which were then extracted for SEM morphology and particle size distribution analysis. MXRF perfect for surface swipes which are far too large for practical SEM imaging, and loose residue would contaminate SEM vacuum chamber. MXRF imaging of ER Plutonium metal warrants further studies to explore metal elemental heterogeneity.

Worley, Christopher G. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Tandon, Lav [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Martinez, Patrick T. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Decker, Diana L. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Schwartz, Daniel S. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

243

Expancel Foams: Fabrication and Characterization of a New Reduced Density Cellular Material for Structural Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study was initiated to produce a low-density centering medium for use in experiments investigating the response of materials to shock-loading. While the main drivers for material selection were homogeneity, dimensional stability, performance and cost, other secondary requirements included fine cell size, the ability to manufacture 5--10 cm-sized parts and an extremely compressed development time. The authors chose a non-traditional methodology using a hollow, expandable, polymeric microballoon material system called Expancel{reg_sign}. These microballoons are made from a copolymer of polyacrylonitrile (PAN) and polymethacrylonitrile (PMAN) and use iso-pentane as the blowing agent. The average diameter (by volume) of the unexpanded powder is approximately 13 {micro}m, while the average of the expanded powder is 35--55 {micro}m, with a few large microballoons approaching 150--200 p.m. A processing method was developed that established a pre-mixed combination of unexpanded and expanded Expancel at a ratio such that the tap (or vibration) density of the mixed powders was the same as that desired of the final part. Upon heating above the tack temperature of the polymer, this zero-rise approach allowed only expansion of the unexpanded powder to fill the interstices between the pre-expanded balloons. The mechanical action of the expanding powder combined with the elevated processing temperature yielded flee-standing and mechanically robust parts. Although mechanical properties of these foams were not a key performance requirement, the data allowed for the determination of the best temperature to heat the samples. Processing the foam at higher temperatures enhanced both modulus and strength. The maximum allowable temperature was limited by dimensional stability and shrinkback considerations. Tomographic analysis of foam billets revealed very flat density profiles. Parts of any density between the low density expanded powder (approximately 0.013 g/cm{sup 3}) and the higher density unexpanded powder (approximately 0.5 g/cm{sup 3}) can be produced using this technique. The extremely wide range of accessible densities, ease of processing, relatively inexpensive materials, uniformity of the density, scaleable nature of the process should make this technology highly competitive for a variety of Defense Programs and commercial applications.

L. Whinnery; S. Goods; B. Even

2000-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Modeling and Design of Material Separation Systems with Applications to Recycling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Material separation technology is critical to the success of the material recycling industry. End-of-life products, post-consumer waste, industrial excess, or otherwise collected materials for reuse are typically mixed ...

Wolf, Malima Isabelle, 1981-

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Synthesis and applications of materials and polymers containing graphenic and/or triptycene moities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this thesis, molecular design is used to synthesize novel materials with specific properties. The materials presented herein are based on two motifs. In part I, new methods of functionalizing graphenic materials and the ...

Sydlik, Stefanie A. (Stefanie Arlene)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Review of Cyclotron Production and Quality Control of High Specific Activity Radionuclides for Biomedical, Biological, Industrial and Environmental Applications at INFN-LASA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Review of Cyclotron Production and Quality Control of High Specific Activity Radionuclides for Biomedical, Biological, Industrial and Environmental Applications at INFN-LASA

Birattari, C; Groppi, F; Gini, L

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Nanocarbon-Based Nanocatalysts: Synthesis and Applications in Fuel Cells  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In this book chapter, we review the recent progress in synthesis and fuel cell applications of nanocatalysts based on carbon nanotubes, mesoporous carbon and other nanostructured carbon materials.

Lin, Yuehe; Cui, Xiaoli

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Use of Friction Stir Welding and Friction Stir Processing for Advanced Nuclear Fuels and Materials Joining Applications  

SciTech Connect

Application of the latest developments in materials technology may greatly aid in the successful pursuit of next generation reactor and transmutation technologies. One such area where significant progress is needed is joining of advanced fuels and materials. Rotary friction welding, also referred to as friction stir welding (FSW), has shown great promise as a method for joining traditionally difficult to join materials such as aluminum alloys. This relatively new technology, first developed in 1991, has more recently been applied to higher melting temperature alloys such as steels, nickel-based and titanium alloys. An overview of the FSW technology is provided and two specific nuclear fuels and materials applications where the technique may be used to overcome limitations of conventional joining technologies are highlighted.

J. I. Cole; J. F. Jue

2006-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

A REVIEW OF NON-INVASIVE IMAGING METHODS AND APPLICATIONS IN CONTAMINANT HYDROGEOLOGY RESEARCH  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Contaminant hydrogeological processes occurring in porous media are typically not amenable to direct observation. As a result, indirect measurements (e.g., contaminant breakthrough at a fixed location) are often used to infer processes occurring at different scales, locations, or times. To overcome this limitation, non-invasive imaging methods are increasingly being used in contaminant hydrogeology research. The most common methods, and the subjects of this review, are optical imaging using UV or visible light, dual-energy gamma-radiation, X-ray microtomography, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Non-invasive imaging techniques have provided valuable insights into a variety of complex systems and processes, including porous media characterization, multiphase fluid distribution, fluid flow, solute transport and mixing, colloidal transport and deposition, and reactions. In this paper we review the theory underlying these methods, applications of these methods to contaminant hydrogeology research, and methods advantages and disadvantages. As expected, there is no perfect method or tool for non-invasive imaging. However, optical methods generally present the least expensive and easiest options for imaging fluid distribution, solute and fluid flow, colloid transport, and reactions in artificial two-dimensional (2D) porous media. Gamma radiation methods present the best opportunity for characterization of fluid distributions in 2D at the Darcy scale. X-ray methods present the highest resolution and flexibility for three-dimensional (3D) natural porous media characterization, and 3D characterization of fluid distributions in natural porous media. And MRI presents the best option for 3D characterization of fluid distribution, fluid flow, colloid transport, and reaction in artificial porous media. Obvious deficiencies ripe for method development are the ability to image transient processes such as fluid flow and colloid transport in natural porous media in three-dimensions, the ability to image many reactions of environmental interest in artificial and natural porous media, and the ability to image selected processes over a range of scales in artificial and natural porous media.

Werth, Charles J.; Zhang, Changyong; Brusseau, M. L.; Oostrom, Martinus; Baumann, T.

2010-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

250

Applications of laser produced ion beams to nuclear analysis of materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Laser produced ion beams have unique characteristics which are ultra-short pulse, very low emittance, and variety of nuclear species. These characteristics could be used for analyzing various materials like low Z ion doped heavy metals or ceramics. Energies of laser produced ion beam extend from 0.1MeV to 100MeV. Therefore, various nuclear processes can be induced in the interactions of ion beams with samples. The ion beam driven nuclear analysis has been developed for many years by using various electrostatic accelerators. To explore the applicability of laser ion beam to the analysis of the Li ion battery, a proton beam with the diameter of {approx} 1.0 {mu}m at Takasaki Ion Acceleration for Advanced Radiation Application (TIARA), JAEA was used. For the analysis, the PIGE (Particle-Induced Gamma Ray Emission) is used. The proton beam scans over Li battery electrode samples to diagnose Li density in the LiNi{sub 0.85}Co{sub 0.15}O{sub 2} anode. As the results, PIGE images for Li area density distributions are obtained with the spatial resolution of better than 1.5{mu}m FWHM. By the Li PIGE images, the depth dependence of de-intercalation levels of Li in the anode is obtained. By the POP experiments at TIARA, it is clarified that laser produced ion beam is appropriate for the Li ion battery analysis. 41.85.Lc, 41.75.Jv, 42.62.cf.

Mima, K.; Azuma, H.; Fujita, K.; Yamazaki, A.; Okuda, C.; Ukyo, Y.; Kato, Y.; Arrabal, R. Gonzalez; Soldo, F.; Perlado, J. M.; Nishimura, H.; Nakai, S. [Graduate School for the Creation of New Photonics Industries, Shizuoka (Japan) and Institute de Fusion Nuclear, Universidad Politecnica de Madrid, Madrid (Spain) and Institute of Laser Engineering, Osaka University, Osaka (Japan); Toyota Central R and D Labs., Inc., Aichi (Japan); Takasaki Advanced Radiation Research Institute, Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), Gunnma (Japan); Toyota Central R and D Labs., Inc., Aichi (Japan)

2012-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

251

Book Review for GEOMATICA by Rock Santerre GNSS Applications and Methods, by Scott Gleason and Demoz Gebre-Egziabher (editors).  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Book Review for GEOMATICA by Rock Santerre GNSS Applications and Methods, by Scott Gleason: 978-1-59693-329-3, 2009, hardback, US$139. The first editor of the book, Dr. Gleason (Ph.D. from (USA). The book of 508 (+xvii) pages (+ DVD included), is divided into 17 chapters written by a total

Santerre, Rock

252

Poultry manure as raw material for mercury adsorbents in gas applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The quantity of poultry manure generated each year is large, and technologies that take advantage of the material should be explored. At the same time, increased emphasis on the reduction of mercury emissions from coal-fired electric power plants has resulted in environmental regulations that may, in the future, require application of activated carbons as mercury sorbents. The sorbents could be injected into the flue gas stream, where they could adsorb the mercury. The sorbents (now containing mercury) would be removed via filtration or other means from the flue gas. Our preliminary work has demonstrated that activated carbon made from poultry manure can adsorb mercury from air with good efficiency. In laboratory experiments, an activated carbon made from turkey cake manure removed the majority of elemental mercury from a hot air stream. Other activated carbons made from chicken and turkey litter manure were also efficient. In general, unwashed activated carbons made from poultry manure were more efficient in removing mercury than their acid-washed counterparts. The results suggest that the adsorption of mercury was mainly due to chemisorption on the surface of the carbon. Other potential uses for the activated carbons are the removal of mercury from air and natural gas.

Klasson, K.T.; Lima, I.M.; Boihem, L.L. [USDA ARS, New Orleans, LA (United States)

2009-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

253

Geothermal well technology and potential applications of Subterrene devices: a status review  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The past, present, and some future aspects of the geothermal energy (GTE) industry have been reviewed with special attention given to geothermal well-drilling problems. Geothermal wells can be produced with present equipment and methods, mostly derived from the oil and gas industry, but costs are relatively high. Short-term improvements are needed in drilling rigs and auxiliary surface equipment, drill bits, bit-bearing lubrication systems, tubular goods, high-temperature muds and cements, logging and downhole sampling equipment, directional control equipment applicable to geothermal conditions,and in the use of a data bank for GTE wells to help optimize drilling programs. Two types of wells are needed: (1) small-diameter wells for exploration, reinjection, and disposal purposes, and (2) larger-diameter wells for production. To develop and greatly expand the use of GTE in the future, new methods and equipment are needed to penetrate hard abrasive rocks and to provide hole stabilization and support at the very high temperatures and other extreme conditions which can be encountered in GTE wells. New Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory concepts for penetrating rocks by use of rock-melting processes (called Subterrene concepts) offer potential solutions to some difficult GTE well-production problems.

Altseimer, J.H.

1974-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

254

Application of decision-making techniques in supplier selection: A systematic review of literature  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Despite the importance of decision-making (DM) techniques for construction of effective decision models for supplier selection, there is a lack of a systematic literature review for it. This paper provides a systematic literature review on articles published ... Keywords: Decision-making techniques, Literature review, Supplier selection, Uncertainty

Junyi Chai; James N. K. Liu; Eric W. T. Ngai

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

A review of vacuum insulation research and development in the Building Materials Group of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

This report is a summary of the development work on flat-vacuum insulation performed by the Building Materials Group (BMG) in the Metals and Ceramics Division of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) during the last two years. A historical review of the technology of vacuum insulation is presented, and the role that ORNL played in this development is documented. The ORNL work in vacuum insulation has been concentrated in Powder-filled Evacuated Panels (PEPs) that have a thermal resistivity over 2.5 times that of insulating foams and seven times that of many batt-type insulations, such as fiberglass. Experimental results of substituting PEPs for chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) foal insulation in Igloo Corporation ice coolers are summarized. This work demonstrated that one-dimensional (1D) heat flow models overestimated the increase in thermal insulation of a foam/PEP-composite insulation, but three-dimensional (3D) models provided by a finite-difference, heat-transfer code (HEATING-7) accurately predicted the resistance of the composites. Edges and corners of the ice coolers were shown to cause the errors in the 1D models as well as shunting of the heat through the foam and around the PEPs. The area of coverage of a PEP in a foam/PEP composite is established as an important parameter in maximizing the resistance of such composites. 50 refs., 27 figs,. 22 tabs.

Kollie, T.G.; McElroy, D.L.; Fine, H.A.; Childs, K.W.; Graves, R.S.; Weaver, F.J.

1991-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Thermoelectric Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Thermoelectric materials can generate electricity or provide cooling by converting thermal gradients to electricity or electricity to thermal gradients. More efficient thermoelectric materials would make feasible the widespread use of thermoelectric converters in mundane applications. This report summarizes the state-of-the-art of thermoelectric materials including currently available materials and applications, new developments, and future prospects.

2000-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

257

Thermal spray coatings: New materials, processes and applications; Proceedings of the Second National Conference on Thermal Spray, Long Beach, CA, October 31-November 2, 1984  

SciTech Connect

Thermal-spray-coating techniques and their applications are discussed in reviews and reports of laboratory experiments and industrial experience. Topics explored include the future of thermal spraying, plasma-sprayed bonding coats for plastic substrates, plasma-spray deposition of hollow-particle ceramic powders, volumetric-feed-back powder-feed controllers, metal sprayed coating systems onboard U.S. Navy ships, high-performance plasma-sprayed coatings, and arc-coating technology and equipment. Consideration is given to cavitation-erosion of plasma-sprayed alloys, statistical methods of plasma-spray parameter testing, NDE of surface coatings by photothermal imaging, NDE of thermal-spray-coating bonds, and diamond-wheel grinding of thermal-spray materials.

Longo, F.N.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

258

BaTiO? based materials for piezoelectric and electro-optic applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ferroelectric materials are key to many modem technologies, in particular piezoelectric actuators and electro-optic modulators. BaTiO? is one of the most extensively studied ferroelectric materials. The use of BaTiO? for ...

Avrahami, Ytshak, 1969-

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Nano-chemo-mechanics of advanced materials for hydrogen storage and lithium battery applications .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Chemo-mechanics studies the material behavior and phenomena at the interface of mechanics and chemistry. Material failures due to coupled chemo-mechanical effects are serious roadblocks in (more)

Huang, Shan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

Ammonia-Borane and Related N-B-H Compounds and Materials: Safety Aspects, Properties, and Applications  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ammonia-Borane and Related N-B-H Compounds and Materials: Ammonia-Borane and Related N-B-H Compounds and Materials: Safety Aspects, Properties and Applications (A survey completed as part of a project for the DOE Chemical Hydrogen Storage Center of Excellence, Contract # DE-FC36-05GO15060) Clinton F. Lane Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry Northern Arizona University PO Box 5698 Flagstaff, AZ 86011-5698 Phone: 928-523-6296 e-mail: clint.lane@nau.edu Outline 1. Introduction 2. Safety Aspects 3. Synthesis 4. Physical Properties 5. Theoretical Studies 6. Chemical Properties 7. Synthetic Applications 8. Industrial Applications 9. Conclusions 10. References 1. Introduction Amine-borane complexes have great potential for use as a key component in hydrogen storage fuels due to their stability and the high gravimetric content of hydrogen in these

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "review application materials" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Review Article: A comprehensive review of the application characteristics and traffic requirements of a smart grid communications network  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A robust communication infrastructure is the touchstone of a smart grid that differentiates it from the conventional electrical grid by transforming it into an intelligent and adaptive energy delivery network. To cope with the rising penetration of renewable ... Keywords: AMI, AMR, ANSI, Applications, Communication architecture, Communication technologies, DAP, DER, DR, ESI, EV, FAN, GOOSE, HAN, HV, IEC, IED, IEEE, IP, M2M, MDMS, MU, NAN, P&C, PMU, QoS, SMV, SOC, Smart grid, Traffic requirements, WAMS, WLAN, WMN, WiMAX

Reduan H. Khan; Jamil Y. Khan

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 3   Major application areas of porous P/M materials...refining Semiconductor Particle removal process gas Bulk gas delivery systems Purifier media retainers Analysis instruments Gas/liquid chromatography Gas sampling Sensor protection Chemical processing Catalyst recovery Process gases and liquids Fluid-bed reactor products Mineral processing Coal,...

263

Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 3   Some applications of investment casting...Electrical equipment Electronics, radar Guns and small armaments Hand tools Jewelry Machine tools Materials handling equipment Metal working equipment Oil well drilling and auxiliary equipment Optical equipment Packaging equipment Pneumatic and hydraulic systems Prosthetic appliances Pumps Sports gear...

264

Workshop on innovation in materials processing and manufacture: Exploratory concepts for energy applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The goal of the workshop was to bring together industrial, academic, and DOE Laboratory personnel to discuss and identify potential areas for which creative, innovative, and/or multidisciplinary solutions could result in major payoffs for the nation`s energy economy, DOE, and industry. The topics emphasized in these discussions were: surfaces and interfacial processing technologies, biomolecular materials, powder/precursor technologies, magnetic materials, nanoscale materials, novel ceramics and composites, novel intermetallics and alloys, environmentally benign materials, and energy efficiency. The workshop had a 2-day format. One the first day, there was an introductory session that summarized future directions within DOE`s basic and materials technology programs, and the national studies on manufacturing and materials science and engineering. The balance of the workshop was devoted to brainstorming sessions by seven working groups. During the first working group session, the entire group was divided to discuss topics on: challenges for hostile environments, novel materials in transportation technologies, novel nanoscale materials, and opportunities in biomolecular materials. For the second session, the entire group (except for the working group on biomolecular materials) was reconfigured into new working groups on: alternative pathways to energy efficiency, environmentally benign materials and processes, and waste treatment and reduction: a basic sciences approach. This report contains separate reports from each of the seven working groups.

Horton, L.L. [comp.

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Department of Energy and USEC Announce Decision to Delay USEC Loan Guarantee Application Final Review  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Additional time will allow company to address financial and technical concerns about its application

266

9975 SHIPPING PACKAGE PERFORMANCE OF ALTERNATE MATERIALS FOR LONG-TERM STORAGE APPLICATION  

SciTech Connect

The Model 9975 shipping package specifies the materials of construction for its various components. With the loss of availability of material for two components (cane fiberboard overpack and Viton{reg_sign} GLT O-rings), alternate materials of construction were identified and approved for use for transport (softwood fiberboard and Viton{reg_sign} GLT-S O-rings). As these shipping packages are part of a long-term storage configuration at the Savannah River Site, additional testing is in progress to verify satisfactory long-term performance of the alternate materials under storage conditions. The test results to date can be compared to comparable results on the original materials of construction to draw preliminary conclusions on the performance of the replacement materials.

Skidmore, E.; Hoffman, E.; Daugherty, W.

2010-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

267

A Study of Microfluidic Reconfiguration Mechanisms Enabled by Functionalized Dispersions of Colloidal Material for Radio Frequency Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Communication and reconnaissance systems are requiring increasing flexibility concerning functionality and efficiency for multiband and broadband frequency applications. Circuit-based reconfiguration mechanisms continue to promote radio frequency (RF) application flexibility; however, increasing limitations have resulted in hindering performance. Therefore, the implementation of a "wireless" reconfiguration mechanism provides the required agility and amicability for microwave circuits and antennas without local overhead. The wireless reconfiguration mechanism in this thesis integrates dynamic, fluidic-based material systems to achieve electromagnetic agility and reduce the need for "wired" reconfiguration technologies. The dynamic material system component has become known as electromagnetically functionalized colloidal dispersions (EFCDs). In a microfluidic reconfiguration system, they provide electromagnetic agility by altering the colloidal volume fraction of EFCDs - their name highlights the special considerations we give to material systems in applied electromagnetics towards lowering loss and reducing system complexity. Utilizing EFCDs at the RF device-level produced the first circuit-type integration of this reconfiguration system; this is identified as the coaxial stub microfluidic impedance transformer (COSMIX). The COSMIX is a small hollowed segment of transmission line with results showing a full reactive loop (capacitive to inductive tuning) around the Smith chart over a 1.2 GHz bandwidth. A second microfluidic application demonstrates a novel antenna reconfiguration mechanism for a 3 GHz microstrip patch antenna. Results showed a 300 MHz downward frequency shift by dielectric colloidal dispersions. Magnetic material produced a 40 MHz frequency shift. The final application demonstrates the dynamically altering microfluidic system for a 3 GHz 1x2 array of linearly polarized microstrip patch antennas. The parallel microfluidic capillaries were imbedded in polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS). Both E- and H-plane designs showed a 250 MHz frequency shift by dielectric colloidal dispersions. Results showed a strong correlation between decreasing electrical length of the elements and an increase of the volume fraction, causing frequency to decrease and mutual coupling to increase. Measured, modeled, and analytical results for impedance, voltage standing wave ratio (VSWR), and radiation behavior (where applicable) are provided.

Goldberger, Sean A.

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

APPLICATION OF NOVEL REGENERATOR MATERIAL WITHIN A COAXIAL TWO-STAGE PULSE TUBE REFRIGERATOR  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have developed a lead-based regenerator material which is suitable for working temperatures below 20 K. This material can be used as a substitute for the state of the art non-magnetic materials used today within very low-temperature regenerators. This high efficient regenerator matrix combines technological advantages with the possibility to vary the thermodynamic and flow characteristics over a wide range

T. Koettig; F. Richter; R. Nawrodt; A. Zimmer; C. Schwarz; D. Heinert; M. Thrk; P. Seidel

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Book Reviews  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In Book Reviews, we review an extensive and diverse range of books. They cover theory and applications in operations research, statistics, management science, econometrics, mathematics, computers, and information systems. In addition, we include ...

Benjamin Lev

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Book Reviews  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In Book Reviews, we review an extensive and diverse range of books. They cover theory and applications in operations research, statistics, management science, econometrics, mathematics, computers, and information systems. In addition, we include ...

Graham K. Rand

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Book Reviews  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In Book Reviews, we review an extensive and diverse range of books. They cover theory and applications in operations research, statistics, management science, econometrics, mathematics, computers, and information systems. In addition, we include ...

Graham K. Rand

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

This is a joint session with Magnetic Materials for Energy Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Advanced Materials for Power Electronics, Power Conditioning, and Power ... for Use in Energy-efficient Distribution Transformers: presented by Naoki Ito1; Eric...

273

A fuzzy logic material selection methodology for renewable ocean energy applications.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The purpose of this thesis is to develop a renewable ocean energy material selection methodology for use in FAU's Ocean Energy Projects. A detailed and (more)

Welling, Donald Anthony.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Nuclear Maintenance Applications Center: Emergency Diesel Generator Single Component Vulnerability Review Guidance.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report provides guidance to owners and operators of nuclear power plants on performing emergency diesel generator (EDG) system single component vulnerability reviews. This guidance was developed based on a recommendation from the nuclear industrys EDG Technical Advisory Committee (TAC) that plants perform a single component vulnerability review as discussed in the Institute of Nuclear Power Operations Industry Experience Report ...

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

I9, Development of III-Nitride Materials for Thermoelectric Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... as well as integrated on-chip spot cooling applications and warrant significant investigation. .... D2, Tunable Infrared Absorption of Nano Plasmonic Structures.

276

Design and testing criteria for bipolar plate materials for PEM fuel cell applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Bipolar plates for proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cells are currently under development. These plates separate individual cells of the fuel cell stack, and thus must be sufficiently strong to support clamping forces, be electrically conducting, be fitted with flow channels for stack thermal control, be of a low permeability material to separate safely hydrogen and oxygen feed streams, be corrosion resistant, and be fitted with distribution channels to transfer the feed streams over the plate surface. To date, bipolar plate costs dominate stack costs, and therefore future materials need to meet strict cost targets. A first step in the bipolar plate development program is an assessment of design constraints. Such constraints have been estimated and evaluated and are discussed here. Conclusions point to promising advanced materials, such as conductive, corrosion resistant coatings on metal substrates, as candidates for mass production of fuel cell bipolar plates. Possible candidate materials are identified, and testing procedures developed to determine suitability of various materials.

Borup, R.L.; Vanderborgh, N.E.

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

A Review of Tele-Immersive Applications in the CAVE Research Network  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents an overview of the Tele-Immersion applications that have been built by collaborators around the world using the CAVERNsoft toolkit, and the lessons learned from building these applications. In particular the lessons learned are presented as a set of rules-of-thumb for developing tele-immersive applications in general.

Jason Leigh; Andrew E. Johnson; Thomas A. DeFanti; Maxine Brown; Mohammed Dastagir Ali; Stuart Bailey; Andy Banerjee; Pat Banerjee; Kevin Curry; Jim Curtis; Fred Dech; Brian Dodds; Ian Foster; Sarah Fraser; Kartik Ganeshan; Dennis Glen; Robert Grossman; Y Heil; John Hicks; Alan D. Hudson; Tomoko Imai; Mohammed Ali Khan; Abhinav Kapoor; Robert V. Kenyon; Kyoung Park; Bill Parod; Paul J. Rajlich; Mary Rasmussen; Maggie Rawlings; Danielh. Robertson; Samroeng Thongrong; Robert J. Stein; Steve Tuecke; Harlan Wallach; Hong Yee Wong; Glenh. Wheless

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Neutron sources and applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Review of Neutron Sources and Applications was held at Oak Brook, Illinois, during September 8--10, 1992. This review involved some 70 national and international experts in different areas of neutron research, sources, and applications. Separate working groups were asked to (1) review the current status of advanced research reactors and spallation sources; and (2) provide an update on scientific, technological, and medical applications, including neutron scattering research in a number of disciplines, isotope production, materials irradiation, and other important uses of neutron sources such as materials analysis and fundamental neutron physics. This report summarizes the findings and conclusions of the different working groups involved in the review, and contains some of the best current expertise on neutron sources and applications.

Price, D.L. [ed.] [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Rush, J.J. [ed.] [National Inst. of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD (United States)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Scaling physics and material science applications on a massively parallel Blue Gene/L system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Blue Gene/L represents a new way to build supercomputers, using a large number of low power processors, together with multiple integrated interconnection networks. Whether real applications can scale to tens of thousands of processors (on a machine like ... Keywords: Blue Gene/L, MPI, applications, scalability, supercomputers

George Almasi; Gyan Bhanot; Alan Gara; Manish Gupta; James Sexton; Bob Walkup; Vasily V. Bulatov; Andrew W. Cook; Bronis R. de Supinski; James N. Glosli; Jeffrey A. Greenough; Francois Gygi; Alison Kubota; Steve Louis; Thomas E. Spelce; Frederick H. Streitz; Peter L. Williams; Robert K. Yates; Charles Archer; Jose Moreira; Charles Rendleman

2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Group III-selenides: new silicon compatible semiconducting materials for phase change memory applications.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This project investigates a series of III-Selenide materials (III xSey), where III=Al, Ga and In, through study of the interacting chemical, kinetic and structural constraints (more)

Lu, Chih-Yuan, 1977-

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "review application materials" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Method and apparatus for separating materials magnetically. [Patent application; iron pyrite from coal  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Magnetic and nonmagnetic materials are separated by passing stream thereof past coaxial current-carrying coils which produce a magnetic field wherein intensity varies sharply with distance radially of the axis of the coils.

Hise, E.C. Jr.; Holman, A.S.; Friedlaender, F.J.

1980-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

282

Germanium-rich silicon-germanium materials for field-effect modular application  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The development of electric-field-induced optical modulation in the materials capable of monolithically integrated on silicon (Si) substrates offer the possibility of high-speed modulation in a pico second timeframe as ...

Jongthammanurak, Samerkhae

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Concrete--polymer materials for geothermal applications. Progress report No. 6, July--September 1975  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Materials are needed for handling hot brine and steam at temperatures greater than 200/sup 0/C. Thermal stability of styrene--acrylonitrile (ACN)--trimethylolpropane trimethylacrylate (TMPTMA) polymers was studied. Compressive strengths of polymer concretes using styrene--TMPTMA or styrene--ACN--TMPTMA were determined after exposure to hot brine. Field tests of concrete-polymer materials at The Geysers and other geothermal sites are under way and are described. Radioinduced polymerization was used as well as chemical polymerization. (DLC)

Not Available

1975-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Handbook of Neutron Absorber Materials for Spent Nuclear Fuel Transportation and Storage Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This handbook is intended to become a single source of information regarding technical characteristics of neutron absorber materials that have been used for storage and transportation of spent nuclear fuel as well as to provide a summary of users' experience. The second edition of this handbook was published in 2006. This third edition, the 2009 Edition, updates materials covered in the 2006 Edition, presents new products introduced since 2006, and reflects recent realignments of neutron absorber suppliers.

2009-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

285

External proton beam analysis of plasma facing materials for magnetic confinement fusion applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A 1.7MV tandem accelerator was reconstructed and refurbished for this thesis and for surface science applications at the Cambridge laboratory for accelerator study of surfaces (CLASS). At CLASS, an external proton beam ...

Barnard, Harold Salvadore

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Drilling Sideways - A Review of Horizontal Well Technology and Its Domestic Application  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Focuses primarily on domestic horizontal drilling applications, past and present, and on salient aspects of current and near-future horizontal drilling and completion technology.

Robert F. King

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

ESS 2012 Peer Review - Unique Li-ion Batteries for Utility Application...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Unique Li-ion Batteries for Utility Applications Daiwon Choi, Vilayanur V. Viswanathan, Wei Wang, Vincent L. Sprenkle Pacific Northwest National Laboratory 902 Battelle Blvd., P....

288

A review of methods and applications of the geometric characterization of tree crops in agricultural activities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents the foundations and applications in agriculture of the main systems used for the geometrical characterization of tree plantations, including systems based on ultrasound, digital photographic techniques, light sensors, high-resolution ... Keywords: 3D plant modeling, LIDAR, Stereo vision, Terrestrial laser scanning, Ultrasonic sensors, Variable application

J. R. Rosell; R. Sanz

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

CRC handbook of laser science and technology. Volume 5. Optical materials. Part 3. Applications, coatings, and fabrication  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This book describes the uses, coatings, and fabrication of laser materials. Topics considered include: optical waveguide materials; optical storage materials; holographic recording materials; phase conjunction materials; holographic recording materials; phase conjunction materials; laser crystals; laser glasses; quantum counter materials; thin films and coatings; multilayer dielectric coatings; graded-index surfaces and films; optical materials fabrication; fabrication techniques; fabrication procedures for specific materials.

Weber, M.J.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Anisotropic Curie Temperature Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Symposium, Magnetic Materials for Energy Applications -III. Presentation Title, Anisotropic Curie Temperature Materials. Author(s), Harsh Deep Chopra, Jason...

291

emerging materials - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

plenary discussion. Energy and Security; Nuclear Materials; Fuel Cells; Materials for Alternative Energy Applications. Advanced Metallic Composites and ...

292

Magnetocaloric Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Magnetic Materials for Energy Applications IV: Magnetocaloric Materials ... due to cost-effectiveness as well as superior magneto-thermal characteristics. ... metals and p-block elements can be explored in a time- and energy-saving manner.

293

Metallurgical and Materials Transactions. A.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Materials for Energy Systems will publish peer-reviewed, original research and review ... This monthly publication focuses on physical metallurgy and materials...

294

Overview of new and emerging radiation resistant materials for space environment applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A brief overview of materials for use with a myriad of optical, photonic, electro-optic and photovoltaic devices are of great importance to DOD, NASA and the general space community1,2. A substantial amount of investigation has been directed towards ...

Edward W. Taylor

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Application of chemical structure and bonding of actinide oxide materials for forensic science  

SciTech Connect

We are interested in applying our understanding of actinide chemical structure and bonding to broaden the suite of analytical tools available for nuclear forensic analyses. Uranium- and plutonium-oxide systems form under a variety of conditions, and these chemical species exhibit some of the most complex behavior of metal oxide systems known. No less intriguing is the ability of AnO{sub 2} (An: U, Pu) to form non-stoichiometric species described as AnO{sub 2+x}. Environmental studies have shown the value of utilizing the chemical signatures of these actinide oxide materials to understand transport following release into the environment. Chemical speciation of actinide-oxide samples may also provide clues as to the age, source, or process history of the material. The scientific challenge is to identify, measure and understand those aspects of speciation of actinide analytes that carry information about material origin and history most relevant to forensics. Here, we will describe our efforts in material synthesis and analytical methods development that we will use to provide the fundamental science to characterize actinide oxide molecular structures for forensic science. Structural properties and initial results to measure structural variability of uranium oxide samples using synchrotron-based X-ray Absorption Fine Structure will be discussed.

Wilkerson, Marianne Perry [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Nuclear Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Materials and Fuels for the Current and Advanced Nuclear Reactors III ... response of oxide ceramics for nuclear applications through experiment, theory, and...

297

Application of direct contact heat exchangers to geothermal power production cycles. Project review, December 1, 1974--May 31, 1977  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Work performed on the development of direct contact heat exchanger power cycles for geothermal applications is reviewed. The period covered in the report is from the inception of the project in 1974 through May 31, 1977. Results from a large experimental program on heat exchanger develpment as well as from many analyses of components and cycle performance and economics are given. A number of working fluids and operating conditions have been considered, and no major obstacles for the implementation of the concept have been discovered.

Jacobs, H.R.; Boehm, R.F.; Hansen, A.C.

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Lean principle application in an automotive product development process with special emphasis on peer reviews  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Global Automotive, a large US based, global manufacturer of automobiles, has made significant gains in manufacturing competitiveness, in part through application of a lean manufacturing approach to high volume assembly. A ...

Boren, Michael S. (Michael Stuart)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Transient x-ray diffraction and its application to materials science and x-ray optics  

SciTech Connect

Time resolved x-ray diffraction and scattering have been applied to the measurement of a wide variety of physical phenomena from chemical reactions to shock wave physics. Interest in this method has heightened in recent years with the advent of versatile, high power, pulsed x-ray sources utilizing laser plasmas, electron beams and other methods. In this article, we will describe some of the fundamentals involved in time resolved x-ray diffraction, review some of the history of its development, and describe some recent progress in the field. In this article we will emphasize the use of laser-plasmas as the x-ray source for transient diffraction.

Hauer, A.A.; Kopp, R.; Cobble, J.; Kyrala, G.; Springer, R. [and others

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Application of the US decision support tool for materials and waste management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The US Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) launched the Resource Conservation Challenge (RCC) in 2002 to help reduce waste and move towards more sustainable resource consumption. The objective of the RCC is to help communities, industries, and the public think in terms of materials management rather than waste disposal. Reducing cost, finding more efficient and effective strategies to manage municipal waste, and thinking in terms of materials management requires a holistic approach that considers life-cycle environmental tradeoffs. The US EPA's National Risk Management Research Laboratory has led the development of a municipal solid waste decision support tool (MSW-DST). The computer software can be used to calculate life-cycle environmental tradeoffs and full costs of different waste management or materials recovery programs. The environmental methodology is based on the use of life-cycle assessment and the cost methodology is based on the use of full-cost accounting. Life-cycle inventory (LCI) environmental impacts and costs are calculated from the point of collection, handling, transport, treatment, and disposal. For any materials that are recovered for recycling, offsets are calculated to reflect potential emissions savings from use of virgin materials. The use of the MSW-DST provides a standardized format and consistent basis to compare alternatives. This paper provides an illustration of how the MSW-DST can be used by evaluating ten management strategies for a hypothetical medium-sized community to compare the life-cycle environmental and cost tradeoffs. The LCI results from the MSW-DST are then used as inputs into another US EPA tool, the Tool for the reduction and assessment of chemical and other environmental impacts, to convert the LCI results into impact indicators. The goal of this paper is to demonstrate how the MSW-DST can be used to identify and balance multiple criteria (costs and environmental impacts) when evaluating options for materials and waste management. This type of approach is needed in identifying strategies that lead to reduced waste and more sustainable resource consumption. This helps to meet the goals established in the US EPA's Resource Conservation Challenge.

Thorneloe, Susan A. [US EPA/Office of Research and Development, National Risk Management Research Laboratory, Air Pollution Prevention and Control Division (MD E305-02), Research Triangle Park, NC (United States)], E-mail: thorneloe.susan@epa.gov; Weitz, Keith [RTI International, Research Triangle Park, NC (United States)], E-mail: kaw@rti.org; Jambeck, Jenna [Department of Civil/Environmental Engineering, University of New Hampshire, Durham, NH (United States)], E-mail: jenna.jambeck@unh.edu

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "review application materials" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Review of Destructive Assay Methods for Nuclear Materials Characterization from the Three Mile Island (TMI) Fuel Debris  

SciTech Connect

This report provides a summary of the literature review that was performed and based on previous work performed at the Idaho National Laboratory studying the Three Mile Island 2 (TMI-2) nuclear reactor accident, specifically the melted fuel debris. The purpose of the literature review was to document prior published work that supports the feasibility of the analytical techniques that were developed to provide quantitative results of the make-up of the fuel and reactor component debris located inside and outside the containment. The quantitative analysis provides a technique to perform nuclear fuel accountancy measurements

Carla J. Miller

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Application of scanning mid-IR-laser microscopy for characterization of semiconductor materials for photovoltaics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The scanning mid-IR-laser microscopy was previously demonstrated as an effective tool for characterization of different semiconductor crystals. Now the technique has been successfully applied for the investigation of CZ SixGe1-x -- a promising material for photovoltaics - and multicrystalline silicon for solar cells. In addition, this technique was shown to be appropriate for imaging of polishing-induced defects as well as such huge defects as "pin holes". Besides, previously unexplained "anomalous" (cubic power) dependence of signal of the scanning mid-IR-laser microscope in the optical-beam-induced light scattering mode on the photoexcitation power obtained for mechanically polished samples has now been attributed to the excess carrier scattering on charged linear defects, likely dislocation lines. The conclusion is made in the article that the scanning mid-IR-laser microscopy may serve as very effective tool for defect investigations in materials for modern photovoltaics.

Kalinushkin, V P; Yuryev, V A; 10.1016/S0927-0248(00)00076-3

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

APPLICATION OF POLYURETHANE FOAM FOR IMPACT ABSORPTION AND THERMAL INSULATION FOR GENERAL PURPOSE RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS PACKAGINGS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Polyurethane foam has been employed in impact limiters for large radioactive materials packagings since the early 1980's. Its consistent crush response, controllable structural properties and excellent thermal insulating characteristics have made it attractive as replacement for the widely used cane fiberboard for smaller, drum size packagings. Accordingly, polyurethane foam was chosen for the overpack material for the 9977 and 9978 packagings. The study reported here was undertaken to provide data to support the analyses performed as part of the development of the 9977 and 9978, and compared property values reported in the literature with published property values and test results for foam specimens taken from a prototype 9977 packaging. The study confirmed that, polyurethane foam behaves in a predictable and consistent manner and fully satisfies the functional requirements for impact absorption and thermal insulation.

Smith, A; Glenn Abramczyk, G; Paul Blanton, P; Steve Bellamy, S; William Daugherty, W; Sharon Williamson, S

2009-02-18T23:59:59.000Z

304

High Temperature Phase Change Materials for Thermal Energy Storage Applications: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

To store thermal energy, sensible and latent heat storage materials are widely used. Latent heat thermal energy storage (TES) systems using phase change materials (PCM) are useful because of their ability to charge and discharge a large amount of heat from a small mass at constant temperature during a phase transformation. Molten salt PCM candidates for cascaded PCMs were evaluated for the temperatures near 320 degrees C, 350 degrees C, and 380 degrees C. These temperatures were selected to fill the 300 degrees C to 400 degrees C operating range typical for parabolic trough systems, that is, as one might employ in three-PCM cascaded thermal storage. Based on the results, the best candidate for temperatures near 320 degrees C was the molten salt KNO3-4.5wt%KCl. For the 350 degrees C and 380 degrees C temperatures, the evaluated molten salts are not good candidates because of the corrosiveness and the high vapor pressure of the chlorides.

Gomez, J.; Glatzmaier, G. C.; Starace, A.; Turchi, C.; Ortega, J.

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Alternate materials of construction for geothermal applications. Progress report No. 17, October--December 1978  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A program to determine if non-metallic materials such as polymers, concrete polymer composites, and refractory cements can be utilized as materials of construction in geothermal processes is in progress. To date, several high temperature polymer concrete systems have been formulated, laboratory and field tests performed in brine, flashing brine, and steam at temperatures up to 260/sup 0/C (500{sup 0}F), and economic studies started. Laboratory data for exposure times > 2 years are available. Results are also available from field exposures of up to 24 months in four geothermal environments. Good durability is indicated. Work at five of these sites is continuing and plans to initiate other tests are being implemented.

Steinberg, M.; Kukacka, L.E.

1978-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

306

Nuclear Maintenance Applications Center: Foreign Material Exclusion Site Coordinator TrainingStudent Handbook  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The main purpose of this report is to provide newly appointed foreign material exclusion (FME) coordinators with vital FME program information so they can quickly perform their responsibilities at a high level to ensure that site FME practices do not adversely affect equipment and plant performance. FME coordinators who wish or need to improve station FME program performance would also benefit by attending this training. This report provides a comprehensive overview of technical considerations required t...

2010-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

307

The Study on Thermal Performance and Applicability of Energy-saving Wall Materials in Hot Summer and Cold Winter Zones  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The hot summer and cold winter zone is a transition zone between the cold zone and hot zone, sweltering in summer and chilly in winter, of which climate is worse. In recent years, with people's raised requirements on indoor living environments, the energy consumption of buildings in hot summer and cold winter zone has been greatly increased. However, the thermal performance of walls in this zone is worse, and thus a mass of energy is wasted. This paper thoroughly analyzes and compares some energy-saving wall materials and thermal insulation systems used in projects in general, according to the climate in the zone combined with the design standard for the walls of residential buildings in the hot summer and cold winter zone. The results indicate that reasonably selecting the applicable wall materials and thermal insulation systems according to the local energy consumption characteristics could optimize resource utilization and have a positive effect on energy efficiency.

Ren, W.; Lan, M.; Hao, Y.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Laboratory studies on corrosion of materials for fluidized bed combustion applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An extensive corrosion test program was conducted at Argonne National Laboratory to evaluate the corrosion performance of metallic structural materials in environments that simulate both steady-state and off-normal exposure conditions anticipated in fluidized bed combustion (FBC) systems. This report discusses the possible roles of key parameters, such as sorbent and gas chemistries, metal temperature, gas cycling conditions, and alloy pretreatment, in the corrosion process. Data on scale thickness and intergranular penetration depth are presented for several alloys as a function of the chemistry of the exposure environment, deposit chemistry, and exposure time. Test results were obtained to compare the corrosion behavior of materials in the presence of reagent grade sorbent compounds and spent-bed materials from bubbling- and circulating-fluid-bed systems. Finally, the laboratory test results were compared with metal wastage information developed over the years in several fluidized bed test facilities. Metallic alloys chosen for the tests were carbon steel, Fe-2 1/4Cr-1Mo and Fe-9Cr-1Mo ferritic steels. Types 304 and 310 stainless steel, and Incoloy 800. 26 refs., 61 figs., 8 tabs.

Natesan, K.

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Office of Federal and State Materials and Environmental Management Programs (FSME) Procedure Approval Reviewing the Non-Common Performance Indicator,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This procedure was first issued by the former Office of State and Tribal Programs. As of October 1, 2006, any changes to the procedure will be the responsibility of the FSME Procedure Contact. Copies of FSME procedures will be available through the NRC website. Procedure Title: Reviewing the Non-Common

Robert Lewis; A. Duncan White; Janine F. Katanic

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Remote Sensing and Geospatial Technological Applications for Site-specific Management of Fruit and Nut Crops: A Review  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract: Site-specific crop management (SSCM) is one facet of precision agriculture which is helping increase production with minimal input. It has enhanced the cost-benefit scenario in crop production. Even though the SSCM is very widely used in row crop agriculture like corn, wheat, rice, soybean, etc. it has very little application in cash crops like fruit and nut. The main goal of this review paper was to conduct a comprehensive review of advanced technologies, including geospatial technologies, used in site-specific management of fruit and nut crops. The review explores various remote sensing data from different platforms like satellite, LIDAR, aerial, and field imaging. The study analyzes the use of satellite sensors, such as Quickbird, Landsat, SPOT, and IRS imagery as well as hyperspectral narrow-band remote sensing data in study of fruit and nut crops in blueberry, citrus, peach, apple, etc. The study also explores other geospatial technologies such as GPS, GIS spatial modeling, advanced image processing techniques, and information technology for suitability study, orchard delineation, and classification accuracy assessment. The study also provides an example of a geospatial model developed in ArcGIS ModelBuilder to automate the blueberry production suitability analysis. The GIS

Sudhanshu Sekhar P; Gerrit Hoogenboom; Joel O. Paz

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Corrosion behavior of metallic materials for solid oxide fuel cell applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Topography and phase composition of the scales formed on commercial ferritic stainless steel and two experimental nickel-based alloys were studied in atmospheres simulating solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) environments. Corrosion experiments were carried out under SOFC dual environment conditions with air on one side of the sample and hydrogen on the other side for 100 h at 700 C. Post-corrosion surface characterization techniques of the air side of each material included scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, and X-ray diffraction analysis.

Ziomek-Moroz, M.; Cramer, Stephen D.; Holcomb, Gordon R.; Covino, Bernard S., Jr.; Bullard, Sophie J.; Singh, Prabhakar (PNL)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Methods For Improving Polymeric Materials For Use In Solar Cell Applications  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of manufacturing a solar cell module includes the use of low cost polymeric materials with improved mechanical properties. A transparent encapsulant layer is placed adjacent a rear surface of a front support layer. Interconnected solar cells are positioned adjacent a rear surface of the transparent encapsulant layer to form a solar cell assembly. A backskin layer is placed adjacent a rear surface of the solar cell assembly. At least one of the transparent encapsulant layer and the backskin layer are predisposed to electron beam radiation.

Hanoka, Jack I. (Brookline, MA)

2003-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Methods For Improving Polymeric Materials For Use In Solar Cell Applications  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method of manufacturing a solar cell module includes the use of low cost polymeric materials with improved mechanical properties. A transparent encapsulant layer is placed adjacent a rear surface of a front support layer. Interconnected solar cells are positioned adjacent a rear surface of the transparent encapsulant layer to form a solar cell assembly. A backskin layer is placed adjacent a rear surface of the solar cell assembly. At least one of the transparent encapsulant layer and the backskin layer are predisposed to electron beam radiation.

Hanoka, Jack I. (Brookline, MA)

2001-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

314

STUDIES ON SILICON NMR CHARACTERIZATION AND KINETIC MODELING OF THE STRUCTURAL EVOLUTION OF SILOXANE-BASED MATERIALS AND THEIR APPLICATIONS IN DRUG DELIVERY AND ADSORPTION.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This dissertation presents studies of the synthetic processes and applications of siloxane-based materials. Kinetic investigations of bridged organoalkoxysilanes that are precursors to organic-inorganic hybrid polysilsesquioxanes (more)

Ambati, Jyotrhirmai

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Advanced computational simulation for design and manufacturing of lightweight material components for automotive applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Computational vehicle models for the analysis of lightweight material performance in automobiles have been developed through collaboration between Oak Ridge National Laboratory, the National Highway Transportation Safety Administration, and George Washington University. The vehicle models have been verified against experimental data obtained from vehicle collisions. The crashed vehicles were analyzed, and the main impact energy dissipation mechanisms were identified and characterized. Important structural parts were extracted and digitized and directly compared with simulation results. High-performance computing played a key role in the model development because it allowed for rapid computational simulations and model modifications. The deformation of the computational model shows a very good agreement with the experiments. This report documents the modifications made to the computational model and relates them to the observations and findings on the test vehicle. Procedural guidelines are also provided that the authors believe need to be followed to create realistic models of passenger vehicles that could be used to evaluate the performance of lightweight materials in automotive structural components.

Simunovic, S.; Aramayo, G.A.; Zacharia, T. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Toridis, T.G. [George Washington Univ., Washington, DC (United States); Bandak, F.; Ragland, C.L. [Dept. of Transportation, Washington, DC (United States)

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Energy Dissipation Properties of Cementitious Materials: Applications in Mechanical Damping and Characterization of Permeability and Moisture State  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The study of mechanical energy and electrical energy dissipation in cementitious materials can lead to development of high damping concrete for structural applications, and new non-destructive testing techniques for use on existing concrete structures. This research aims to improve mechanical damping properties of cementitious materials and determine durability parameters from complex permittivity measurements. Damping was improved by utilizing poromechanical effects, and by adding viscoelastic and nanometric inclusions. Poromechanics was utilized to model and predict damping on specimens designed to maximize poromechanical effects, and composite theory was used to predict composite bounds for the loss tangent, i.e. modeling the effects on damping due to the addition of viscoelastic inclusions. Experimental results indicated that substantial damping improvement can be realized by both poromechanical effects and adding novel inclusions into cement pastes. The models were able to predict experimentally measured damping as a function of loading frequency. The electrical energy dissipation in cementitious materials was studied by dielectric spectroscopy as a function of moisture state and pore structure/permeability. The results were compared to predictions from multiphase composite modeling, where the properties of the confined water was inversely determined and used to predict moisture content. It was found that moisture state of cementitious materials has a linear relation to the complex permittivity over a wide variety of frequency ranges. Composite model prediction indicated that permeability of saturated cementitious materials studied in this research is likely dependent on the amount of free water in the pores. Permeability can be inferred from the pore structure of the cement paste via complex permittivity measurements by conditioning cement paste at different levels of relative humidity.

Leung, Chin

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Current technologies and trends in the development of gyros used in navigation applications: a review  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper is a study of the present sensors accuracy, of the current state of miniaturization and of the current technology options available for inertial sensors and integrated Inertial Navigation Systems (INS). This paper will attempt to explore the ... Keywords: applications, gyros, inertial navigation, technology

I. R. Edu; R. Obreja; T. L. Grigorie

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

IEEE COMMUNICATIONS SURVEYS & TUTORIALS, ACCEPTED FOR PUBLICATION 1 A Review on Distributed Application Processing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

offload computational intensive applications to remote servers by employing different cloud models SURVEYS & TUTORIALS, ACCEPTED FOR PUBLICATION remote server nodes. Current offloading procedures employ Provider UMSC Universal Mobile Service Cell URL Uniform Resource Locator VM Virtual Machine Wi-Fi Wireless

Melbourne, University of

319

Method of bonding functional surface materials to substrates and applications in microtechnology and antifouling  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A simple and effective method to bond a thin coating of poly(N-isopropylacylamide) (NIPAAm) on a glass surface by UV photopolymerization, and the use of such a coated surface in nano and micro technology applications. A silane coupling agent with a dithiocarbamate group is provided as a photosensitizer, preferably, (N,N'-diethylamine)dithiocarbamoylpropyl-(trimethoxy)silane (DATMS). The thiocarbamate group of the sensitizer is then bonded to the glass surface by coupling the silane agent with the hydroxyl groups on the glass surface. The modified surface is then exposed to a solution of NIPAAm and a crosslinking agent which may be any organic molecule having an acrylamide group and at least two double bonds in its structure, such as N,N'-methylenebisacrylamide, and a polar solvent which may be any polar liquid which will dissolve the monomer and the crosslinking agent such as acetone, water, ethanol, or combinations thereof. By exposing the glass surface to a UV light, free radicals are generated in the thiocarbamate group which then bonds to the crosslinking agent and the NIPAAm. Upon bonding, the crosslinking agent and the NIPAAm polymerize to form a thin coating of PNIPAAm bonded to the glass. Depending upon the particular configuration of the glass, the properties of the PNIPAAm allow applications in micro and nano technology.

Feng, Xiangdong (West Richland, WA); Liu, Jun (West Richland, WA); Liang, Liang (Richland, WA)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Method of bonding functional surface materials to substrates and applications in microtechnology and anti-fouling  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A simple and effective method to bond a thin coating of poly(N-isopropylacylamide) (NIPAAm) on a glass surface by UV photopolymerization, and the use of such a coated surface in nano and micro technology applications. A silane coupling agent with a dithiocarbamate group is provided as a photosensitizer preferably, (N,N'-diethylamine) dithiocarbamoylpropyl-(trimethoxy) silane (DATMS). The thiocarbamate group of the sensitizer is then bonded to the glass surface by coupling the silane agent with the hydroxyl groups on the glass surface. The modified surface is then exposed to a solution of NIPAAm and a crosslinking agent which may be any organic molecule having an acrylamide group and at least two double bonds in its structure, such as N, N'-methylenebisacrylamide, and a polar solvent which may be any polar liquid which will dissolve the monomer and the crosslinking agent such as acetone, water, ethanol, or combinations thereof. By exposing the glass surface to a UV light, free radicals are generated in the thiocarbamate group which then bonds to the crosslinking agent and the NIPAAm. Upon bonding, the crosslinking agent and the NIPAAm polymerize to form a thin coating of PNIPAAm bonded to the glass. Depending upon the particular configuration of the glass, the properties of the PNIPAAm allow applications in micro and nano technology.

Feng, Xiangdong (West Richland, WA); Liu, Jun (West Richland, WA); Liang, Liang (Richland, WA)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "review application materials" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Commercialization of New Carbon Fiber Materials Based on Sustainable Resources for Energy Applications  

SciTech Connect

Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and GrafTech International have collaborated to develop and demonstrate the performance of high temperature thermal insulation prototypes made from lignin-based carbon fibers. This project will potentially lead to the first commercial application of lignin-based carbon fibers (LBCF). The goal of the commercial application is to replace expensive, Chinese-sourced isotropic pitch carbon fibers with lower cost carbon fibers made from a domestically sourced, bio-derived (renewable) feedstock. LBCF can help recapture jobs that were previously exported to China while resolving a supply chain vulnerability and reducing the production cost for GrafTech s high temperature thermal insulation. The performance of the LBCF prototypes was measured and found to be comparable to that of the current commercial product. During production of the insulation prototypes, ORNL and GrafTech demonstrated lignin compounding/pelletization, fiber production, heat treatment, and compositing at scales far surpassing those previously demonstrated in LBCF R&D or production. A plan was developed for the commercialization of LBCF thermal insulation, with key milestones including qualification of multiple scalable lignin sources in 2013, tons-scale production and field testing by customers in 2014, and product launch as soon thereafter as production capabilities can be constructed and commissioned.

Eberle, Cliff [ORNL; Webb, Daniel C [ORNL; Albers, Tracy [GrafTech International; Chen, Chong [GrafTech International

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Method and apparatus for the application of textile treatment compositions to textile materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system for applying textile treatment compositions to textile materials. A conduit member is provided which includes a passageway having a first end, a second end, and a medial portion with a constricted (narrowed) region. The passageway may include at least one baffle having an opening therethrough. A yarn strand is then moved through the passageway. A textile treatment composition (a sizing agent or dye) dissolved in a carrier medium (a supercritical fluid or liquified gas) is thereafter introduced into the constricted region, preferably at an acute angle relative to the passageway. The carrier medium expands inside the passageway which causes delivery of the treatment composition to the yarn. The treated yarn then passes through the baffle (if used) which facilitates drying of the yarn. During this process, a carrier gas can be introduced into the passageway to ensure the production of a smooth, dry product.

Argyle, Mark D. (Idaho Falls, ID); Propp, William Alan (Idaho Falls, ID)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Method and apparatus for the application of textile treatment compositions to textile materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A system is described for applying textile treatment compositions to textile materials. A conduit member is provided which includes a passageway having a first end, a second end, and a medial portion with a constricted (narrowed) region. The passageway may include at least one baffle having an opening there through. A yarn strand is then moved through the passageway. A textile treatment composition (a sizing agent or dye) dissolved in a carrier medium (a supercritical fluid or liquefied gas) is thereafter introduced into the constricted region, preferably at an acute angle relative to the passageway. The carrier medium expands inside the passageway which causes delivery of the treatment composition to the yarn. The treated yarn then passes through the baffle (if used) which facilitates drying of the yarn. During this process, a carrier gas can be introduced into the passageway to ensure the production of a smooth, dry product. 1 fig.

Argyle, M.D.; Propp, W.A.

1998-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

324

Composite bearing and seal materials for advanced heat engine applications to 900 degree C  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Plasma sprayed composite coatings of metal-bonded chromium carbide with additions of silver and thermochemically stable fluorides were previously reported to be lubricative in pin on disk bench tests from room temperature to 900{degree}C. An early coating formulation of this type, designated as PS200, was successfully tested as a cylinder coating in a Stirling engine at a TRRT of 760{degree}C (1450{degree}F) in a hydrogen atmosphere, and as a backup lubricant for gas bearings to 650{degree}C (1250{degree}F). A subsequent optimization program as shown that tribological properties are further improved by increasing the solid lubricant content. The improved coating is designated as PS212. The same powder formulation has been used to make free-standing powder metallurgy (PM212) parts by sintering or hot isostatic pressing. The process is very attractive for making parts that cannot be readily plasma sprayed such as bushings and cylinders that have small bore diameters and/or high length to diameter ratios. The properties of coatings and free-standing parts fabricated from these powders are reviewed. 6 refs., 14 figs., 1 tab.

Sliney, H.E.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Geothermal Elastomeric Materials Technology Application (GEM-TA) Program. Final report, August 1981-August 1983  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In 1979, L'Garde, Inc. completed the development of several geothermal elastomer compounds. Major advances in the state of the art were achieved with successes at extreme conditions such as temperatures up to and exeeeding 320/sup 0/C (608/sup 0/F), pressures up to and exceeding 138 MPa (20,000 psi), and fluids ranging from brines to hydrocarbons. Because various geothermal projects had many elastomers problems and their solutions were critical to the project success, the DOE sponsored this effort to help provide the advantages of the earlier developed technology described above. The technology applications supported are as follows: pump lineshaft bearings; seals for Freon 114, synthetic hydrocarbon, and brine service; electrically insulative seals for logging tools; seals for nitrate salt explosive and steam service; and cementing wiper plugs. In addition there were minor efforts to further disseminate information associated with the elastomer development and case history experiences.

Hirasuna, A.R.; Davis, D.L.; Friese, G.J.; Trailer, J.W.

1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

A Review of Agricultural and Other Land Application Uses of Flue Gas Desulfurization Products  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The production of flue gas desulfurization (FGD) products, especially FGD gypsum, is expected to increase substantially over the next ten to twenty years in response to clean air initiatives. There are a large number of agricultural and other land application uses of FGD products that have received previous research and development attention, but only in specific locations of the United States and under limited conditions of crops, climate and soil types. This report discusses current and potential futur...

2006-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

327

Operational Readiness Reviews  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Readiness Reviews Readiness Reviews Home Applicable Directives, Standards, & Handbooks Start Up Notifications, Plan of Actions, and Implementation Plans Functional Area CRADS...

328

Laboratory Analysis of a New Sand Consolidation Material for Oilfield Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The production of sand can be a major issue in many young, unconsolidated sandstone formations where there is little to no cement holding the individual sand grains together. When such reservoirs are produced, quite often operators face problems with reduced well productivity and equipment failure. Because of these issues, the industry has developed numerous techniques in its effort to control formation sand production. Sand consolidation is one technology that has been studied and used since the 1940s. The theory behind sand consolidation technology is to place a liquid material which will create a grain to grain contact that will bind individual sand grains together. Most consolidation treatments contain a preflush to clean and wet the surface, the consolidating system to bind the sand grains and give residual strength, and, finally, an overflush to ensure the formation is still able to produce fluids. With the successful placement of this fluid, the sand grains will be locked in placed so that they will not be produced. The technology has gone through many phases of conception since the 1940s; however, most consolidation material that is pumped in the past has been based upon an epoxy or furan backbone. While there are many technologies available, for the purpose of my research, the epoxy technology was experimentally investigated. The testing of the fluid involved investigating numerous additives to obtain the correct residual strength of the sample, as well as the necessary retained permeability. For the epoxy fluid, the optimal preflush, epoxy system and overflush formulations were determined after 250 checkout tests. Based upon these tests, the fluid was optimized to its working time and UCS results. The optimal system included the addition of PA2 to the preflush, along with PA1 and an aromatic amine curing agent to the epoxy system. PA1 and PA2 are adhesion promoter additives which were deemed necessary as a result of the testing. This system was then tested further in a HP/HT cell. While there is still room for improvement with respect to retained permeability, the system still performs very well in terms of UCS.

Filbrandt, Joseph Daniel

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Synthesis of silica nanoparticles by sol-gel: size-dependent properties, surface modification, and applications in silica-polymer nanocomposites a review  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Application of silica nanoparticles as fillers in the preparation of nanocomposite of polymers has drawnmuch attention, due to the increased demand for new materials with improved thermal, mechanical, physical, and chemical properties. Recent developments ...

Ismail Ab Rahman; Vejayakumaran Padavettan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

A Comparative Study of Welded ODS Cladding materials for AFCI/GNEP Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This research project involved working on the pressure resistance welding of oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) alloys which will have a large role to play in advanced nuclear reactors. The project also demonstrated the research collaboration between four universities and one nation laboratory (Idaho National Laboratory) with participation from an industry for developing for ODS alloys. These alloys contain a high number density of very fine oxide particles that can impart high temperature strength and radiation damage resistance suitable for in-core applications in advanced reactors. The conventional fusion welding techniques tend to produce porosity-laden microstructure in the weld region and lead to the agglomeration and non-uniform distribution of the neededoxide particles. That is why two solid state welding methods - pressure resistance welding (PRW) and friction stir welding (FSW) - were chosen to be evaluated in this project. The proposal is expected to support the development of Advanced Burner Reactors (ABR) under the GNEP program (now incorporated in Fuel Cycle R&D program). The outcomes of the concluded research include training of graduate and undergraduate students and get them interested in nuclear related research.

Indrajit Charit; Megan Frary; Darryl Butt; K.L. Murty; Larry Zirker; James Cole; Mitchell Meyer; Rajiv S. Mishra; Mark Woltz

2011-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

331

One Hundred Years of Superconductivity: Superconducting Materials and Electric Power Applications (465th Brookhaven Lecture)  

SciTech Connect

It was one hundred years ago this year that Dutch physicist Heike Kamerlingh Onnes discovered that by lowering the temperature of mercury to a blistering cold four degrees Kelvin, the metal became a superconductor and allowed electricity to flow through it with very little, if any, resistance. Fast forward one hundred years: now we are looking for new ways to store and transport energy energy we can use to get from one place to another, stay comfortable when the weather outside is not, grow enough healthy food to feed the population, and sustain our ways of life all while trying to protect the planet. Superconductors, with their potential to be ber-energy efficient, are likely to play a crucial role in solving these challenges, and researchers at Brookhaven Lab are figuring out just how it can be done. Li will begin his talk with an overview of the first one hundred years of exploring superconductivity. He will also discuss the challenges of developing new superconductors and improving their performance for real-world energy applications, and then explain how basic science researchers at BNL are addressing those challenges.

Li, Qiang (BNL Condensed Matter Physics and Materials Science Department)

2011-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

332

Systems Modeling of Chemical Hydride Hydrogen Storage Materials for Fuel Cell Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A fixed bed reactor was designed, modeled and simulated for hydrogen storage on-board the vehicle for PEM fuel cell applications. Ammonia Borane (AB) was selected by DOE's Hydrogen Storage Engineering Center of Excellence (HSECoE) as the initial chemical hydride of study because of its high hydrogen storage capacity (up to {approx}16% by weight for the release of {approx}2.5 molar equivalents of hydrogen gas) and its stability under typical ambient conditions. The design evaluated consisted of a tank with 8 thermally isolated sections in which H2 flows freely between sections to provide ballast. Heating elements are used to initiate reactions in each section when pressure drops below a specified level in the tank. Reactor models in Excel and COMSOL were developed to demonstrate the proof-of-concept, which was then used to develop systems models in Matlab/Simulink. Experiments and drive cycle simulations showed that the storage system meets thirteen 2010 DOE targets in entirety and the remaining four at greater than 60% of the target.

Brooks, Kriston P.; Devarakonda, Maruthi N.; Rassat, Scot D.; Holladay, Jamelyn D.

2011-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

333

A Review on Biomass Torrefaction Process and Product Properties for Energy Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Torrefaction of biomass can be described as a mild form of pyrolysis at temperatures typically ranging between 200 and 300 C in an inert and reduced environment. Common biomass reactions during torrefaction include devolatilization, depolymerization, and carbonization of hemicellulose, lignin and cellulose. Torrefaction process produces a brown to black solid uniform product and also condensable (water, organics, and lipids) and non condensable gases (CO2, CO, and CH4). Typically during torrefaction, 70% of the mass is retained as a solid product, containing 90% of the initial energy content, and 30% of the lost mass is converted into condensable and non-condensable products. The system's energy efficiency can be improved by reintroducing the material lost during torrefaction as a source of heat. Torrefaction of biomass improves its physical properties like grindability; particle shape, size, and distribution; pelletability; and proximate and ultimate composition like moisture, carbon and hydrogen content, and calorific value. Carbon and calorific value of torrefied biomass increases by 15-25%, and moisture content reduces to biomass has improved sphericity, particle surface area, and particle size distribution. Pelletization of torrefied biomass at temperatures of 225 C reduces specific energy consumption by two times and increases the capacity of the mill by two times. The loss of the OH group during torrefaction makes the material hydrophobic (loses the ability to attract water molecules) and more stable against chemical oxidation and microbial degradation. These improved properties make torrefied biomass particularly suitable for cofiring in power plants and as an upgraded feedstock for gasification.

Jaya Shankar Tumuluru; Shahab Sokhansanj; J. Richard Hess; Christopher T. Wright; Richard D. Boardman

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Application of phase-change materials in passive solar systems. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Institute of Energy Conversion of the University of Delaware has designed and constructed a modular, hybrid passive solar energy collection and storage unit called the Thermal Wall Panel. The Thermal Wall Panel uses the concept of energy storage in phase change materials combined with direct solar gain. In the winter of 1977-78, the Thermal Wall Panel was tested at Solar One, the Institute's solar house and laboratory. The key results and conclusions from this testing and analysis program include the following: (1) Based on measurements, a Thermal Wall Panel with movable nighttime insulation (R = 6.80) between the storage components and the outside can retain and deliver as heat an average of 45 percent of the sun's energy which falls on it during the day. (2) Based on calculations, a 120 square foot wall can provide about 25 percent of the heating needs of a 1100 square foot house. Analysis indicates that when the Thermal Wall Panel (R = 6.00 nighttime insulation) is combined with other direct gain passive solar energy systems as large, south-facing windows, 56 percent of a home's heating needs can be provided. (3) A Thermal Wall Panel can be installed into a typical home in the Mid-Atlantic Region for an incremental cost of from $6 to $8 per square foot beyond the cost of the normal wall and pay for itself in 5 to 9 years at 1978 energy costs. Also, the Thermal Wall Panel does not require any additional foundation support. (4) A computer model has been developed for the Thermal Wall Panel which shows good agreement with predicted and measured performance. Based on these results, it is recommended that full-scale testing of the system be initiated at multiple sites in the Mid-Atlantic Region.

Sliwkowski, J.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Trends in Energy Management Technology - Part 4: Review ofAdvanced Applications in Energy Management, Control, and InformationSystems  

SciTech Connect

In this article, the fourth in a series, we provide a review of advanced applications in Energy Management, Control, and Information Systems (EMCIS). The available features for these products are summarized and analyzed with regard to emerging trends in EMCIS and potential benefits to the Federal sector. The first article [1] covered enabling technologies for emerging energy management systems. The second article [2] serves as a basic reference for building control system (BCS) networking fundamentals and includes an assessment of current approaches to open communications. The third article [3] evaluated several products that exemplify the current state of practice in EMCIS. It is important for energy managers in the Federal sector to have a high level of knowledge and understanding of these complex energy management systems. This series of articles provides energy practitioners with some basic informational and educational tools to help make decisions relative to energy management systems design, specification, procurement, and energy savings potential.

Yee, Gaymond; Webster, Tom

2003-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

How to solve materials and design problems in solar heating and cooling. Energy technology review No. 77  

SciTech Connect

A broad range of difficulties encountered in active and passive solar space heating systems and active solar space cooling systems is covered. The problems include design errors, installation mistakes, inadequate durability of materials, unacceptable reliability of components, and wide variations in performance and operation of different solar systems. Feedback from designers and manufacturers involved in the solar market is summarized. The designers' experiences with and criticisms of solar components are presented, followed by the manufacturers' replies to the various problems encountered. Information is presented on the performance and operation of solar heating and cooling systems so as to enable future designs to maximize performance and eliminate costly errors. (LEW)

Ward, D.S.; Oberoi, H.S.; Weinstein, S.D.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

How to solve materials and design problems in solar heating and cooling. Energy technology review No. 77  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A broad range of difficulties encountered in active and passive solar space heating systems and active solar space cooling systems is covered. The problems include design errors, installation mistakes, inadequate durability of materials, unacceptable reliability of components, and wide variations in performance and operation of different solar systems. Feedback from designers and manufacturers involved in the solar market is summarized. The designers' experiences with and criticisms of solar components are presented, followed by the manufacturers' replies to the various problems encountered. Information is presented on the performance and operation of solar heating and cooling systems so as to enable future designs to maximize performance and eliminate costly errors. (LEW)

Ward, D.S.; Oberoi, H.S.; Weinstein, S.D.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

A Review on Biomass Torrefaction Process and Product Properties for Energy Applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Torrefaction of biomass can be described as a mild form of pyrolysis at temperatures typically ranging between 200 and 300 C in an inert and reduced environment. Common biomass reactions during torrefaction include devolatilization, depolymerization, and carbonization of hemicellulose, lignin and cellulose. Torrefaction process produces a brown to black solid uniform product and also condensable (water, organics, and lipids) and non condensable gases (CO2, CO, and CH4). Typically during torrefaction, 70% of the mass is retained as a solid product, containing 90% of the initial energy content, and 30% of the lost mass is converted into condensable and non-condensable products. The system's energy efficiency can be improved by reintroducing the material lost during torrefaction as a source of heat. Torrefaction of biomass improves its physical properties like grindability; particle shape, size, and distribution; pelletability; and proximate and ultimate composition like moisture, carbon and hydrogen content, and calorific value. Carbon and calorific value of torrefied biomass increases by 15-25%, and moisture content reduces to <3% (w.b.). Torrefaction reduces grinding energy by about 70%, and the ground torrefied biomass has improved sphericity, particle surface area, and particle size distribution. Pelletization of torrefied biomass at temperatures of 225 C reduces specific energy consumption by two times and increases the capacity of the mill by two times. The loss of the OH group during torrefaction makes the material hydrophobic (loses the ability to attract water molecules) and more stable against chemical oxidation and microbial degradation. These improved properties make torrefied biomass particularly suitable for cofiring in power plants and as an upgraded feedstock for gasification.

Jaya Shankar Tumuluru; Shahab Sokhansanj; J. Richard Hess; Christopher T. Wright; Richard D. Boardman

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

The Value Proposition for High Lifetime (p-type) and Thin Silicon Materials in Solar PV Applications: Preprint  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Proposition for High Proposition for High Lifetime (p-type) and Thin Silicon Materials in Solar PV Applications Preprint Alan Goodrich, Michael Woodhouse, and Peter Hacke Presented at the 2012 IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference Austin, Texas June 3-8, 2012 Conference Paper NREL/CP-6A20-55477 June 2012 NOTICE The submitted manuscript has been offered by an employee of the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC (Alliance), a contractor of the US Government under Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308. Accordingly, the US Government and Alliance retain a nonexclusive royalty-free license to publish or reproduce the published form of this contribution, or allow others to do so, for US Government purposes. This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government.

340

Effective material parameter retrieval for thin sheets: theory and application to graphene, thin silver films, and single-layer metamaterials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An important tool in the field of metamaterials is the extraction of effective material parameters from simulated or measured scattering parameters of a sample. Here we discuss a retrieval method for thin-film structures that can be approximated by a two-dimensional scattering sheet. We determine the effective sheet conductivity from the scattering parameters and we point out the importance of the magnetic sheet current to avoid an overdetermined inversion problem. Subsequently, we present two applications of the sheet retrieval method. First, we determine the effective sheet conductivity of thin silver films and we compare the resulting conductivities with the sheet conductivity of graphene. Second, we apply the method to a cut-wire metamaterial with an electric dipole resonance. The method is valid for thin-film structures such as two-dimensional metamaterials and frequency-selective surfaces and can be easily generalized for anisotropic or chiral media.

Tassin, Philippe; Koschny, Thomas; Soukoulis, Costas

2012-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "review application materials" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Review of state-of-the-art of solar collector corrosion processes. Task 1 of solar collector studies for solar heating and cooling applications. Final technical progress report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The state-of-the-art of solar collector corrosion processes is reviewed, and Task 1 of a current research program on use of aqueous heat transfer fluids for solar heating and cooling is summarized. The review of available published literature has indicated that lack of quantitative information exists relative to collector corrosion at the present time, particularly for the higher temperature applications of solar heating and cooling compared to domestic water heating. Solar collector systems are reviewed from the corrosion/service life viewpoint, with emphasis on various applications, collector design, heat transfer fluids, and freeze protection methods. Available information (mostly qualitative) on collector corrosion technology is reviewed to indicate potential corrosion problem areas and corrosion prevention practices. Sources of limited quantitative data that are reviewed are current solar applications, research programs on collector corrosion, and pertinent experience in related applications of automotive cooling and non-solar heating and cooling. A data bank was developed to catalog corrosion information. Appendix A of this report is a bibliography of the data bank, with abstracts reproduced from presently available literature accessions (about 220). This report is presented as a descriptive summary of information that is contained in the data bank.

Clifford, J E; Diegle, R B

1980-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

342

PRELIMINARY REVIEW OF NECPA GENERATED INFORMATION REQUIREMENTS FOR THE OFFICE OF CONSERVATION AND SOLAR APPLICATIONS  

SciTech Connect

Effective implementation of energy conservation policy requires large quantities of various types of good quality, timely data. To obtain the desired data, the information requirements must first be identified so that they can be communicated in a justifiable form to the Energy Information Administration (EIA) and other data collecting organizations. This report represents the initial results of an effort to describe the general information needed by the Office of Conservation and Solar Applications (CS) to carry out their responsibility in implementing the National Energy Conservation Policy Act (NECPA). The assessment of the NECPA-generated information requirements is organized around the conservation programs for utilities, residences, industry, federal and public buildings and transportation. This assessment identifies the factors that generate the information requirements (sections, parts and titles of NECPA), describes the general information needed to implement the act and references potential sources of data. Appendix A contains a summary of this assessment in,table form. This report is the first in a series in a study to assess the information and data requirements of the Conservation and Solar Office. Subsequent reports will concentrate on specific programs to access detailed data needs .

Rivera, R. G.; Nieves, A. L.

1979-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Safety Analysis Report for the use of hazardous production materials in photovoltaic applications at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

To ensure the continued safety of SERI's employees, the community, and the environment, NREL commissioned an internal audit of its photovoltaic operations that used hazardous production materials (HPMs). As a result of this audit, NREL management voluntarily suspended all operations using toxic and/or pyrophoric gases. This suspension affected seven laboratories and ten individual deposition systems. These activities are located in Building 16, which has a permitted occupancy of Group B, Division 2 (B-2). NREL management decided to do the following. (1) Exclude from this SAR all operations which conformed, or could easily be made to conform, to B-2 Occupancy requirements. (2) Include in this SAR all operations that could be made to conform to B-2 Occupancy requirements with special administrative and engineering controls. (3) Move all operations that could not practically be made to conform to B-2 Occupancy requirements to alternate locations. In addition to the layered set of administrative and engineering controls set forth in this SAR, a semiquantitative risk analysis was performed on 30 various accident scenarios. Twelve presented only routine risks, while 18 presented low risks. Considering the demonstrated safe operating history of NREL in general and these systems specifically, the nature of the risks identified, and the layered set of administrative and engineering controls, it is clear that this facility falls within the DOE Low Hazard Class. Each operation can restart only after it has passed an Operational Readiness Review, comparing it to the requirements of this SAR, while subsequent safety inspections will ensure future compliance.

Crandall, R.S.; Nelson, B.P. (National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States)); Moskowitz, P.D.; Fthenakis, V.M. (Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States))

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Review of Test Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

GAC004 Revision 1 Effective June 2008 Review of Test Results Prepared by Electric Transportation Applications Prepared by: Date: Garrett...

345

A Review of Sub-Scale Test Methods to Evaluate the Friction and Wear of Ring and Liner Materials for Spark- and Compression Ignition Engines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A review was conducted of past laboratory-scale test methods and to assess their validity for ranking materials and lubricants for use as piston and liner materials in compression-ignition (CI) and spark-ignition (SI) engines. Most of the previous work was aimed at simulating SI engine environments. This report begins with a discussion of the numerous factors that can affect the validity of an approach to simulating engine conditions in a laboratory. These include not only mechanical, chemical and thermal factors, but also human factors as regards how the vehicle is operated and maintained. The next section provides an annotated review of open literature publications that address the issues of laboratory simulation of engine components. A comparison of these studies indicates a lack of sufficient standardization in procedures to enable a systematic comparison of one publication to another. There were just a few studies that compared several laboratory test methods to engine test results, and these indicated that some test methods correlate, at least qualitatively, better than others. The last section provides a series of recommendations for improving the accuracy and validity of laboratory-scale simulations of engine behavior. It became clear that much of the engine wear damage occurs during start-up when the engine is cold, and this calls into the question the usefulness of test methods that attempt to simulate steady-state running conditions. It is recommended that a new standard test method, perhaps developed with the help of the ASTM wear and erosion committee, be developed. It would use cold start-up conditions in the presence of degraded oil, or simulated degraded oil.

Blau, P.J.

2002-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

346

Technical Review Report for the Application for Contents Amendment for Shipping Isentropic Compression Experiment (ICE) Apparatus in 9977 Packaging  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report documents the review of Application for Contents Amendment for Shipping Isentropic Compression Experiment (ICE) Apparatus in 9977 Packaging, prepared by Savannah River Packaging Technology (SRPT) of Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) of Savannah River Nuclear Solutions, LLC, -- the Submittal -- at the request of the Department of Energy's (DOE) National Nuclear Security Agency's (NNSA) Albuquerque Facility Operations Division, for the shipment of the ICE apparatus from Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), to Sandia National Laboratory (SNL). The ICE apparatus consists of a stainless steel assembly containing about 8 grams of {sup 239}Pu or its dose equivalent as noted in Table 1, Comparison of 9977 Content C.1 and the ICE Radioactive Contents, of the Submittal. The ICE target is mounted on the transport container assembly base. A Viton{sup R} O-ring seals the transport container base to the transport container body. Another Viton{sup R} O-ring seals the transport container handle to the transport container body. The ICE apparatus weighs less than 30 pounds and has less than 0.6 watts decay heat rate. For the Model 9977 Package, the maximum payload weight is 100 pounds and the maximum decay heat rate is 19 watts. Thus, the maximum payload weight and the maximum decay heat rate for the Model 9977 Package easily bound those for the ICE apparatus. This Addendum supplements the Safety Analysis Report for Packaging (SARP), Revision 2, for the Model 9977 Package and Addendum 1, Revision 2, to Revision 2 of the Model 9977 Package SARP. The ICE apparatus is considered as part of Content Envelope C.6, Samples and Sources, under the submittal for the Model 9978 Package SARP currently under review. The Staff at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) recommends that the Submittal be approved by the DOE-Headquarters Certifying Official (EM-60), and incorporated into a subsequent revision to the current Certificate of Compliance (CoC), to the Model 9977-96 Packaging.

West, M

2009-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

347

Ultrasonics: Fundamentals, Technologies, and Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This is a new edition of a bestselling industry reference. Discusses the science, technology, and applications of low and high power ultrasonics, including industrial implementations and medical uses. Reviews the basic equations of acoustics, starting from basic wave equations and their applications. New material on property determination, inspection of metals (NDT) and non-metals, imaging, process monitoring and control. Expanded discussion of transducers, transducer wave-fields, scattering, attenuation and measurement systems and models. New material that discusses high power ultrasonics - in particular using mechanical effects and sonochemistry, including applications to nano-materials. Examines diagnosis, therapy, and surgery from a technology and medical physics perspective.

Ensminger, Dale; Bond, Leonard J.

2011-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

348

Materials, Systems and Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mon 10/17/2011, 02:00 PM, Zero Dimension Nanomaterials. Tue 10/18/2011, 08: 00 AM ..... Wed 10/19/2011, 10:00 AM, Nuclear Fuels II. Wed 10/19/2011, 02:00...

349

Materials and Applications I  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 18, 2011... the processing presents unique challenges regarding the inclusion of alkaline metals which usually force an ethanol based production route.

350

Materials for Energy Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

topics that address batteries, fuel cells, solar, super capacitors, hydrogen storage, biomass, wind, nuclear, geothermal, and other energy systems fit the scope of...

351

Primary Materials Processing Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...GmbH simulated the multipass rolling of a rail section (Ref 15). This type of rail was used for the public

352

Materials and Applications II  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 19, 2011 ... The MIS structures show Schottky behavior with barrier heights of ~0.7 eV and ideality factors of ~17. Analogous device structures consisting of...

353

Safety Analysis Report for the use of hazardous production materials in photovoltaic applications at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

To ensure the continued safety of SERI`s employees, the community, and the environment, NREL commissioned an internal audit of its photovoltaic operations that used hazardous production materials (HPMs). As a result of this audit, NREL management voluntarily suspended all operations using toxic and/or pyrophoric gases. This suspension affected seven laboratories and ten individual deposition systems. These activities are located in Building 16, which has a permitted occupancy of Group B, Division 2 (B-2). NREL management decided to do the following. (1) Exclude from this SAR all operations which conformed, or could easily be made to conform, to B-2 Occupancy requirements. (2) Include in this SAR all operations that could be made to conform to B-2 Occupancy requirements with special administrative and engineering controls. (3) Move all operations that could not practically be made to conform to B-2 Occupancy requirements to alternate locations. In addition to the layered set of administrative and engineering controls set forth in this SAR, a semiquantitative risk analysis was performed on 30 various accident scenarios. Twelve presented only routine risks, while 18 presented low risks. Considering the demonstrated safe operating history of NREL in general and these systems specifically, the nature of the risks identified, and the layered set of administrative and engineering controls, it is clear that this facility falls within the DOE Low Hazard Class. Each operation can restart only after it has passed an Operational Readiness Review, comparing it to the requirements of this SAR, while subsequent safety inspections will ensure future compliance.

Crandall, R.S.; Nelson, B.P. [National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States); Moskowitz, P.D.; Fthenakis, V.M. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Safety analysis report for the use of hazardous production materials in photovoltaic applications at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

To ensure the continued safety of SERI's employees, the community, and the environment, NREL commissioned an internal audit of its photovoltaic operations that used hazardous production materials (HPMS). As a result of this audit, NREL management voluntarily suspended all operations using toxic and/or pyrophoric gases. This suspension affected seven laboratories and ten individual deposition systems. These activities are located in Building 16, which has a permitted occupancy of Group B, Division 2 (B-2). NREL management decided to do the following. (1) Exclude from this SAR all operations which conformed, or could easily be made to conform, to B-2 Occupancy requirements. (2) Include in this SAR all operations that could be made to conform to B-2 Occupancy requirements with special administrative and engineering controls. (3) Move all operations that could not practically be made to conform to B-2 occupancy requirements to alternate locations. In addition to the layered set of administrative and engineering controls set forth in this SAR, a semiquantitative risk analysis was performed on 30 various accident scenarios. Twelve presented only routine risks, while 18 presented low risks. Considering the demonstrated safe operating history of NREL in general and these systems specifically, the nature of the risks identified, and the layered set of administrative and engineering controls, it is clear that this facility falls within the DOE Low Hazard Class. Each operation can restart only after it has passed an Operational Readiness Review, comparing it to the requirements of this SAR, while subsequent safety inspections will ensure future compliance. This document contains the appendices to the NREL safety analysis report.

Crandall, R.S.; Nelson, B.P.; Moskowitz, P.D.; Fthenakis, V.M.

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Novel Materials and Phenomenon  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mar 6, 2013 ... Magnetic Materials for Energy Applications -III: Novel Materials and ... In traditional Permanent Magnet Machines, such as motors and...

356

Laser Materials Processing: Past, Present and Future  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2010. Symposium, Laser Applications in Materials Processing. Presentation Title, Laser Materials...

357

Tritium Extraction from Liquid Pb-16Li: A Critical Review of Candidate Technologies for ITER and DEMO Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Blanket and Breeder Materials / Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Tritium Science and Technology

I. Ricapito; A. Ciampichetti; R. Lsser; Y. Poitevin; M. Utili

358

M13 virus/single-walled carbon nanotubes as a materials platform for energy devices and biomedical applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Making nanocomposites from combinations of materials each with their own unique functional advantage can often solve issues that cannot be addressed when utilizing only one type of materials. Therefore, controlling ...

Yi, Hyunjung

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Shape-memory materials and phenomena - Fundamental aspects and applications; Proceedings of the Symposium, Boston, MA, Dec. 3-5, 1991  

SciTech Connect

The present volume on fundamental aspects and applications of shape-memory materials and phenomena discusses martensitic transformation and phase stability, shape memory effects, and materials processing, alloy design, and industrial applications. Attention is given to surface energy and microstructure, the interior of the pseudoelastic hysteresis, deformation of shape-memory materials, and transformation-induced ductility in polycrystalline nickel aluminide. Topics addressed include diffuse yield drop and snap action in an Ni-Ti alloy, the effect of cyclic transformation on the shape memory characteristic in an Fe-Mn-Si-Cr-Ni alloy, the theory of premartensitic effects in alloys with omega-transformation, and electric transport properties of an NiTi shape memory alloy under applied stress. Also discussed are Fe-Mn-Si based shape memory alloys, the fabrication of a Cu-Al-Ni-Mn shape memory alloy, mass production of thermomarkers, and cycling times of thin-film NiTi on Si.

Liu, C.T.; Kunsmann, H.; Otsuka, K.; Wuttig, M.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Packaging Review Guide for Reviewing Safety Analysis Reports for Packagings  

SciTech Connect

This Packaging Review Guide (PRG) provides guidance for Department of Energy (DOE) review and approval of packagings to transport fissile and Type B quantities of radioactive material. It fulfills, in part, the requirements of DOE Order 460.1B for the Headquarters Certifying Official to establish standards and to provide guidance for the preparation of Safety Analysis Reports for Packagings (SARPs). This PRG is intended for use by the Headquarters Certifying Official and his or her review staff, DOE Secretarial offices, operations/field offices, and applicants for DOE packaging approval. This PRG is generally organized at the section level in a format similar to that recommended in Regulatory Guide 7.9 (RG 7.9). One notable exception is the addition of Section 9 (Quality Assurance), which is not included as a separate chapter in RG 7.9. Within each section, this PRG addresses the technical and regulatory bases for the review, the manner in which the review is accomplished, and findings that are generally applicable for a package that meets the approval standards. This Packaging Review Guide (PRG) provides guidance for DOE review and approval of packagings to transport fissile and Type B quantities of radioactive material. It fulfills, in part, the requirements of DOE O 460.1B for the Headquarters Certifying Official to establish standards and to provide guidance for the preparation of Safety Analysis Reports for Packagings (SARPs). This PRG is intended for use by the Headquarters Certifying Official and his review staff, DOE Secretarial offices, operations/field offices, and applicants for DOE packaging approval. The primary objectives of this PRG are to: (1) Summarize the regulatory requirements for package approval; (2) Describe the technical review procedures by which DOE determines that these requirements have been satisfied; (3) Establish and maintain the quality and uniformity of reviews; (4) Define the base from which to evaluate proposed changes in scope and requirements of reviews; and (5) Provide the above information to DOE organizations, contractors, other government agencies, and interested members of the general public. This PRG was originally published in September 1987. Revision 1, issued in October 1988, added new review sections on quality assurance and penetrations through the containment boundary, along with a few other items. Revision 2 was published October 1999. Revision 3 of this PRG is a complete update, and supersedes Revision 2 in its entirety.

DiSabatino, A; Biswas, D; DeMicco, M; Fisher, L E; Hafner, R; Haslam, J; Mok, G; Patel, C; Russell, E

2007-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "review application materials" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Part 70 License NRC Docket No. 70-07018 Subject: References: SUPPLEMENT TO APPLICATION FOR A SPECIAL NUCLEAR MATERIAL LICENSE FOR WATTS BAR NUCLEAR PLANT UNIT 2 IN ACCORDANCE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(TAC NO. ME0853)" As part of TVA's application for a Special Nuclear Material (SNM) License for Watts Bar Unit 2

Watts Bar; Nuclear Plant; Watts Bar; Nuclear Plant

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Orlando Materials Innovation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ford Motor Company. Buddy Damm. Manager, Metallurgical Applications and Modeling Dept. The Timken Company. Frank Preli. Chief Engineer,. Materials and...

363

Materials Technology @ TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dec 10, 2010 ... ESTABLISHED MATERIALS TECHNOLOGIES ... A new, exciting development is the application of these techniques to biological systems,...

364

Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 6   Typical applications of duplex stainless steels...salt evaporation equipment, desalination plants, geothermal

365

Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 3   Wear-, erosion-, and corrosion-resistance applications of CVD...against neutron radiation

366

Hydrogen Compatibility of Materials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

materials data related to hydrogen embrittlement - Modeled after existing metals handbooks - Data culled from open literature * Peer-reviewed scientific articles * Public...

367

Electrochemistry of Porous Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Dec 31, 2012 ... Electrochemistry of Porous Materials is the book under review. The book is written by Antonio Domenech Carbo,and published by CRC press.

368

Introductory materials for committee members: 1) instructions for the Los Alamos National Laboratory fiscal year 2010 capability reviews 2) NPAC strategic capability planning 3) Summary self-assessment for the nuclear and particle physics, astrophysics an  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) uses external peer review to measure and continuously improve the quality of its science, technology and engineering (STE). LANL uses capability reviews to assess the STE quality and institutional integration and to advise Laboratory Management on the current and future health of the STE. Capability reviews address the STE integration that LANL uses to meet mission requirements. STE capabilities are define to cut across directorates providing a more holistic view of the STE quality, integration to achieve mission requirements, and mission relevance. The scope of these capabilities necessitate that there will be significant overlap in technical areas covered by capability reviews (e.g., materials research and weapons science and engineering). In addition, LANL staff may be reviewed in different capability reviews because of their varied assignments and expertise. LANL plans to perform a complete review of the Laboratory's STE capabilities (hence staff) in a three-year cycle. The principal product of an external review is a report that includes the review committee's assessments, commendations, and recommendations for STE. The Capability Review Committees serve a dual role of providing assessment of the Laboratory's technical contributions and integration towards its missions and providing advice to Laboratory Management. The assessments and advice are documented in reports prepared by the Capability Review Committees that are delivered to the Director and to the Principal Associate Director for Science, Technology and Engineering (PADSTE). This report will be used by Laboratory Management for STE assessment and planning. The report is also provided to the Department of Energy (DOE) as part of LANL's Annual Performance Plan and to the Los Alamos National Security (LANS) LLC's Science and Technology Committee (STC) as part of its responsibilities to the LANS Board of Governors.

Redondo, Antonio [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Experiment Hazard Class 7.5 - Human Tissue/Materials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5 - Human Tissue/Materials 5 - Human Tissue/Materials Applicability This hazard classification applies to all experiments involving biohazards requiring the use of human tissue/materials. Other hazard classifications and their associated hazard controls may also apply to experiments in this hazard class. Human tissue/materials must also be evaluated for their biosafety level and as such will have to go through the process for that particular Biosafety Level. IMPORTANT NOTE: For non-Argonne employees, all experiment protocols involving human tissue are required to be either reviewed or declared exempt from review by their home institution's Institutional Review Board (IRB). Documentation of the review should be filed in the ESAF system and with the APS BioSafety Officer (BSO) (Nena Moonier 2-8504,

370

A Latent Model to Detect Multiple Spatial Clusters with Application in a Mobile Sensor Network for Surveillance of Nuclear Materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

surveillance of nuclear materials in major cities. The network consists of a large number of vehicles on which for Surveillance of Nuclear Materials Jerry Cheng, Minge Xie, Rong Chen and Fred Roberts1 Abstract Nuclear attacks to infrastructure. To deter such threats, it becomes increasingly vital to have sophisticated nuclear surveillance

371

The Effects of Nanoparticle Augmentation of Nitrate Thermal Storage Materials for Use in Concentrating Solar Power Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Department of Energy funded a project to determine if the specific heat of thermal energy storage materials could be improved by adding nanoparticles. The standard thermal energy storage materials are molten salts. The chosen molten salt was a sodium nitrate and potassium nitrate eutectic, commercially called Hitec Solar Salt. Two nanoparticle types were chosen, alumina and silica. The nanoparticle composite materials were fabricated by mixing the components in an aqueous solution, mixing that solution for a set amount of time using a sonic mixer, then removing the water from the aqueous solution, leaving the composite molten salt behind as a fine white powder. The thermal properties of the composite and plain material were measured using two techniques: American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) 1269E and Modulating Differential Scanning Calorimetry (MDSC). These two techniques measured the specific heat and the heat of fusion of the plain and composite materials. The results of all the ASTM and MDSC measurements suggest that the addition of the nanoparticles using the given manufacturing technique increased the specific heat of the molten salt by approximately 20 percent, with both measurement techniques showing approximately the same level of increase. The silica and the alumina improved the specific heat by nearly the same amount over the base material. The heat of fusion did not seem to be significantly altered compared to the observed heat of fusion value of the unmodified material. It was also observed that the nitrate and silica composite material's specific heat decreased if the material was raised to a temperature above 400C. The specific heat was observed to decrease over time, even when the temperature was well below 400C. It is unknown why this occurred. The nitrate plus alumina composite and the plain nitrate were stable to a temperature of 450C for the test duration.

Betts, Matthew

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

..., ASM International, 2012, p 290??295ASM Handbook. Vol 23, Materials for Medical DevicesT. Xu, J. Hoffman, and S. Donthu,

373

NERSC Applications Software  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

For Users Software Applications Applications List of Applications List of math, chemistry and materials science software installed at NERSC. Mathematical Applications...

374

Sandia National Laboratories: Careers: Materials Science  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Materials Science Materials science worker Sandia materials scientists are creating scientifically tailored materials for U.S. energy applications and critical defense needs....

375

Analytical Review  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

ANL Performs Independent Review for DOE on the following topics: (1) Systematic analysis--Depends on question asked; (2) Compare technologies and pathways--Examples: (a) fuels, power plant technologies, vehicle materials; (b) Total lifecycle analysis reveals national and global impacts; and (3) Direction of R&D to most fruitful areas.

Frank Stodolsky

2000-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

376

SECA CTP Peer Review Oct. 25-26, 2003 Review Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Components 11 * Modeling 3 * Balance of Plant 2 Topical Area Reviewed 0 20 40 60 80 Percentage Materials & Cell Components Modeling Balance of Plant Review Results Materials &...

377

Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 8   Major markets for ABS products...Market category Applications ABS grades Major appliances Refrigerator door and food liners; crisper pans;

378

Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 5   Selected applications for wrought aluminum alloys...vehicles, trucks and trailers 3105 Residential siding, mobile homes, rain-carrying goods,

379

Trends in Energy Management Technology - Part 4: Review of Advanced Applications in Energy Management, Control, and Information Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

www.nist.gov/tc411/1043-RP_FDD_Literature_Review.pdf Smith,Energy Commission, Fall 1999. FDD for Rooftop AC Purduewww.nist.gov/tc411/1043-RP_FDD_Tools.pdf IMDS Lawrence

Yee, Gaymond; Webster, Tom

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Characterization of deposits and effect of deposits on corrosion of materials for MHD balance-of-plant applications  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Candidate heat exchanger materials tested in the Low Mass Flow Train at the Coal-Fired Flow Facility (CFFF) at Tullahoma, TN, were analyzed to evaluate their corrosion performances. Tube specimens obtained at each foot of the 14-ft-long U-bend tubes were analyzed for corrosion-scale morphologies, scale thicknesses, and internal penetration depths. Results developed on 1,500- and 2,000-h exposed specimens were correlated with exposure temperature. In addition, deposit materials collected at several locations in the CFFF were analyzed in detail to characterize the chemical and physical properties of the deposits and their influence on corrosion performance of tube materials.

Natesan, K.

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "review application materials" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

PDF Application  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

?Computer Applications and Process Control. ?Copper Nickel and Cobalt ... ? Iron and Steel. ?Joining. ?Lead Zinc and Tin. ?Lightweight Materials.

382

IMPROVEMENT OF WEAR COMPONENT'S PERFORMANCE BY UTILIZING ADVANCED MATERIALS AND NEW MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGIES: CASTCON PROCESS FOR MINING APPLICATIONS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The project has seen quite a bit of activity in this quarter, highlighted by the fabrication of a bit insert for field testing. In addition: (1) Several alternative process techniques were attempted to prevent bloating, cracking and delamination of FM material that occurs during binder burnout. The approaches included fabrication of FM material by three pass extrusion and warm isostatic pressing of green material, slow and confined burnouts as well as, burnout of thin plate instead of rod stock. Happily, a confined burnout followed by HIPing, produced FM button inserts without bloating or delamination. (2) Four rock bit inserts were produced from FM material and are ready for use on blast hole bits in the field. (3) Six of the project participants from Michigan Technological University, Advanced Ceramic Manufacturing, and The Robbins Group visited the Superior Rock Bit Company in Minnesota and planned the field test of FM inserts.

Xiaodi Huang; Richard Gertsch

2002-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

383

Novel photonic phenomena in nanostructured material systems with applications and mid-range efficient insensitive wireless energy-transfer  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A set of novel mechanisms for the manipulation of light in the nanoscale is provided. In the class of all-dielectric material systems, techniques for the suppression of radiative loss from incomplete-photonic-bandgap ...

Karalis, Aristeidis, 1978-

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Present status and future subjects of the analytical studies related with application of charged particles and RI to materials science and biotechnology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The position in the research field of radiation application of Theoretical Analysis Group for Radiation Application' which will be set up within fiscal 2003, and the relation between the research that this analytical group will advance in future and the analytical research made so far at Takasaki Radiation Chemistry Establishment (JAERI, Takasaki) are summarized. Since the JAERI Takasaki was founded as the center of the research and development on radiation chemistry, a lot of outcomes have been obtained in the research and development of radiation application using large-sized sup 6 sup 0 Co gamma ray irradiation facilities and high power electron accelerators, etc. After the ion irradiation research facility (TIARA) started operation, many outstanding outcomes have been obtained in the research of up-to-date science and technologies in the fields of material science and bio-technology, etc., making use of ions in addition to gamma rays and electron beams. Although these results of the research are mainly pr...

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Piezoelectric materials used in underwater acoustic transducers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Piezoelectric materials have been used in underwater acoustic transducers for nearly a century. In this paper, we reviewed four different types of piezoelectric materials: piezoelectric ceramics, single crystals, composites, and polymers, which are widely used in underwater acoustic transducers nowadays. Piezoelectric ceramics are the most dominant material type and are used as a single-phase material or one of the end members in composites. Piezoelectric single crystals offer outstanding electromechanical response but are limited by their manufacturing cost. Piezoelectric polymers provide excellent acoustic impedance matching and transducer fabrication flexibility although their piezoelectric properties are not as good as ceramics and single crystals. Composites combined the merits of ceramics and polymers and are receiving increased attention. The typical structure and electromechanical properties of each type of materials are introduced and discussed with respect to underwater acoustic transducer applications. Their advantages and disadvantages are summarized. Some of the critical design considerations when developing underwater acoustic transducers with these materials are also touched upon.

Li, Huidong; Deng, Zhiqun; Carlson, Thomas J.

2012-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

386

Book Reviews - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Particle Beam Microanalysis: Fundamentals, Methods and Applications, reviewed by N.B. Dahotre, December 1992, pp. 50-51. Pearson's Handbook of...

387

Air-Cooled Stack Freeze Tolerance Freeze Failure Modes and Freeze Tolerance Strategies for GenDriveTM Material Handling Application Systems and Stacks Final Scientific Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Air-cooled stack technology offers the potential for a simpler system architecture (versus liquid-cooled) for applications below 4 kilowatts. The combined cooling and cathode air allows for a reduction in part count and hence a lower cost solution. However, efficient heat rejection challenges escalate as power and ambient temperature increase. For applications in ambient temperatures below freezing, the air-cooled approach has additional challenges associated with not overcooling the fuel cell stack. The focus of this project was freeze tolerance while maintaining all other stack and system requirements. Through this project, Plug Power advanced the state of the art in technology for air-cooled PEM fuel cell stacks and related GenDrive material handling application fuel cell systems. This was accomplished through a collaborative work plan to improve freeze tolerance and mitigate freeze-thaw effect failure modes within innovative material handling equipment fuel cell systems designed for use in freezer forklift applications. Freeze tolerance remains an area where additional research and understanding can help fuel cells to become commercially viable. This project evaluated both stack level and system level solutions to improve fuel cell stack freeze tolerance. At this time, the most cost effective solutions are at the system level. The freeze mitigation strategies developed over the course of this project could be used to drive fuel cell commercialization. The fuel cell system studied in this project was Plug Power's commercially available GenDrive platform providing battery replacement for equipment in the material handling industry. The fuel cell stacks were Ballard's commercially available FCvelocity 9SSL (9SSL) liquid-cooled PEM fuel cell stack and FCvelocity 1020ACS (Mk1020) air-cooled PEM fuel cell stack.

Hancock, David, W.

2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

388

Standard practice for radiologic examination of flat panel composites and sandwich core materials used in aerospace applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1.1 This practice is intended to be used as a supplement to Practices E 1742, E 1255, and E 2033. 1.2 This practice describes procedures for radiologic examination of flat panel composites and sandwich core materials made entirely or in part from fiber-reinforced polymer matrix composites. Radiologic examination is: a) radiographic (RT) with film, b) Computed Radiography (CR) with Imaging Plate, c) Digital Radiology (DR) with Digital Detector Arrays (DDA), and d) Radioscopic (RTR) Real Time Radiology with a detection system such as an Image Intensifier. The composite materials under consideration typically contain continuous high modulus fibers (> 20 GPa), such as those listed in 1.4. 1.3 This practice describes established radiological examination methods that are currently used by industry that have demonstrated utility in quality assurance of flat panel composites and sandwich core materials during product process design and optimization, process control, after manufacture inspection, in service exami...

American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Standard guide for application of radiation monitors to the control and physical security of special nuclear material  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1.1 This guide briefly describes the state-of-the-art of radiation monitors for detecting special nuclear material (SNM) (see 3.1.11) in order to establish the context in which to write performance standards for the monitors. This guide extracts information from technical documentation to provide information for selecting, calibrating, testing, and operating such radiation monitors when they are used for the control and protection of SNM. This guide offers an unobtrusive means of searching pedestrians, packages, and motor vehicles for concealed SNM as one part of a nuclear material control or security plan for nuclear materials. The radiation monitors can provide an efficient, sensitive, and reliable means of detecting the theft of small quantities of SNM while maintaining a low likelihood of nuisance alarms. 1.2 Dependable operation of SNM radiation monitors rests on selecting appropriate monitors for the task, operating them in a hospitable environment, and conducting an effective program to test, calibrat...

American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 2   Applications for titanium and titanium alloys...for FGD units, nuclear waste disposal Geothermal energy Heat exchangers, evaporators, condensers, tubes Marine engineering Shipbuilding Heat exchangers, condensers, piping

391

Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 2   Examples of applications and parts made with vacuum infusion...small aircraft Industrial Fan blades, part for fish counting unit, toilet bowl, oil

392

Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 6 Selected applications for aluminum casting alloys...gears; jet engine compressor cases 356.0 Sand: flywheel castings; automotive transmission cases; oil pans; pump bodies. Permanent: machine tool parts;

393

Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 1   Application of sintered stainless steels...316L Photographic equipment 316L Cam cleats 304L Dishwasher components 304L Can opener gears 410L...

394

GRR/Elements/14-CA-b.4 - EPA review for completeness | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

- EPA review for completeness - EPA review for completeness < GRR‎ | Elements Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections 14-CA-b.4 - EPA review for completeness Upon receipt, EPA reviews the application materials to ensure all federal requirements have been met. If the application is incomplete, EPA will either notify the applicant directly or notify RWQCB of the deficiencies in the application. Estimated Time Clock.png 30 days0.0821 years 720 hours 4.286 weeks 0.986 months No explanation of time estimate. Logic Chain No Parents \V/ GRR/Elements/14-CA-b.4 - EPA review for completeness (this page) \V/ No Dependents Under Development Add.png Add an Element Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=GRR/Elements/14-CA-b.4_-_EPA_review_for_completeness&oldid=482580

395

Applications:  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Applications: Applications: ● Telecommunications: cell / smartphone; multi-party secure phone calls; videoconferencing; Voice over IP (VoIP) ● Banking and financial transactions: ATM, debit / credit card and e-Commerce ● e-Business; e-gaming; e-books; e-music; e-movies; e-gambling ● Wireless internet ● Electronic voting ● Facility and vehicle access ● Information exchange for government/defense

396

ESS 2012 Peer Review - Flow Battery Solution for Smart Grid Renewable Energy Applications - Sheri Nevins, Raytheon & Ron Moss, EnerVault  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

2012, Raytheon Proprietary and EnerVault Corporation, All Rights Reserved. 2012, Raytheon Proprietary and EnerVault Corporation, All Rights Reserved. 1 Sheri Nevins Raytheon Ktech Ron Mosso EnerVault Corporation DEMONSTRATION OF ENERGY STORAGE USING A BREAKTHROUGH REDOX FLOW BATTERY TECHNOLOGY v. 1-0 Copyright ©2012, Raytheon Proprietary and EnerVault Corporation, All Rights Reserved. 2 Disclaimer This material is partially based upon work supported by NYSERDA under PON1200 Project 15880 NYSERDA has not reviewed the information contained herein, and the opinions expressed in this report do not necessarily reflect those of NYSERDA or the State of New York. This material is partially based upon work supported by the Department of Energy under Award Number DE-OE0000225. This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States

397

Welding and Repair Technology Center: Evaluation of Hardness Requirements for Temper Bead Welding Applications--Preliminary Review  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Qualification of welding procedures for structural members and pressure boundary components in accordance with American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) codes frequently requires impact testing. Specifically, the Charpy V-notch test is often used to assess base material, heat-affected zone, and weld metal impact properties. Impact testing is specified in the ASME codes to ensure that materials will have adequate fracture toughness and behave in a ductile manner under service conditions. ...

2013-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

398

Longer-term domestic supply problems for nonrenewable materials with special emphasis on energy-related applications  

SciTech Connect

An examination is made on how materials are used in present and future energy production and use. Problem areas which are discussed include by-products production, import limitations, substitution and recycle, accelerated use, synthesis, and the adequacy of the data bases availability. (FS)

Goeller, H.E.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 5   Partial list of materials cut with water jet...Polyurethane foam (25 mm, or 1 in., thick) Poplar Polyvinylchloride products Rocks Roofing (composition, asbestos, rolls, shingles) Rubber (foams, reinforced shoe soling, tire tubes) Shoe leather Steel (mold and thin) Styrofoam Synthetic rubber Teflon (9.5 mm, or 0.37 in., thick) Urethane foams...

400

Hydrogen compatibility of structural materials for energy storage and transmission applications. Semiannual report for period through October 1, 1976  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Substantial support activities for Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) have been completed since the initiation of this program. The suitability of commercial alloys for containment of hydride-dehydride reactions have been assessed, and recommendations for materials selection based upon tensile and slow crack growth tests have been made. We have also prepared and installed in a test chamber at BNL a series of in-situ test specimens to be exposed to a cyclic iron-titanium hydride environment. Future BNL support activities will include welding/joining specification development and a post-mortem examination of the in-situ test specimens. Efforts are becoming more oriented to materials development and to the development of specifications for the use of structural steels in hydrogen environment. BNL's hydride storage program has been supported during the last six months by supplying 80 self-loaded tensile specimens for accelerated testing in an FeTiH/sub x/ test bed. A preliminary welding specification for containment of hydrogen in structural mild steels has been developed. Hydrogen permeation resistant coatings, applied by pyrolysis of silane, and by brush electroplating, have been developed. Environmentally assisted, cyclic fatigue in high-pressure hydrogen has been identified as a potential hazard to the integrity of flawed pressure vessels in materials where slow crack growth under constant load is not expected.

Robinson, S.L. (comp.)

1976-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "review application materials" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 1   Commercial applications of refractory metals and alloys by industry...Rhenium, W-Re Process industries Heating and cooling coils Tantalum, Ta-Nb Shell and tube heat exchangers Tantalum Condensers Tantalum Tantalum-clad steel vessels Tantalum Distillation towers Tantalum Valves for hot sulfuric acid service Molybdenum, tantalum, Ta-Nb Expansion joints (bellows) Tantalum...

402

Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 9   Applications of various polymers...bins 767 aircraft acoustical tile 767 and other Boeing aircraft brackets Airbus A320 bulk cargo floor sandwich structural panels Airbus A330-340 lower wing fairings A3XX main stair case (developmental) Beluga heavy-duty entrance floor panels Dornier 328 landing flap ribs Dornier 328 ice protection...

403

Tailored Porous Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Tailoring of porous materials involves not only chemical synthetic techniques for tailoring microscopic properties such as pore size, pore shape, pore connectivity, and pore surface reactivity, but also materials processing techniques for tailoring the meso- and the macroscopic properties of bulk materials in the form of fibers, thin films and monoliths. These issues are addressed in the context of five specific classes of porous materials: oxide molecular sieves, porous coordination solids, porous carbons, sol-gel derived oxides, and porous heteropolyanion salts. Reviews of these specific areas are preceded by a presentation of background material and review of current theoretical approaches to adsorption phenomena. A concluding section outlines current research needs and opportunities.

BARTON,THOMAS J.; BULL,LUCY M.; KLEMPERER,WALTER G.; LOY,DOUGLAS A.; MCENANEY,BRIAN; MISONO,MAKOTO; MONSON,PETER A.; PEZ,GUIDO; SCHERER,GEORGE W.; VARTULI,JAMES C.; YAGHI,OMAR M.

1999-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

404

Two Novel Ultra-Incompressible Materials  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Materials Print Some current challenges in aerospace engineering and fissionfusion applications require materials that are mechanically and chemically stable at...

405

Nanocomposites as thermoelectric materials  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermoelectric materials have attractive applications in electric power generation and solid-state cooling. The performance of a thermoelectric device depends on the dimensionless figure of merit (ZT) of the material, ...

Hao, Qing

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Value Proposition for High Lifetime (p-type) and Thin Silicon Materials in Solar PV Applications: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Most silicon PV road maps forecast a continued reduction in wafer thickness, despite rapid declines in the primary incentive for doing so -- polysilicon feedstock price. Another common feature of most silicon-technology forecasts is the quest for ever-higher device performance at the lowest possible costs. The authors present data from device-performance and manufacturing- and system-installation cost models to quantitatively establish the incentives for manufacturers to pursue advanced (thin) wafer and (high efficiency) cell technologies, in an age of reduced feedstock prices. This analysis exhaustively considers the value proposition for high lifetime (p-type) silicon materials across the entire c-Si PV supply chain.

Goodrich, A.; Woodhouse, M.; Hacke, P.

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Materials at LANL  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Exploring the physics, chemistry, and metallurgy of materials has been a primary focus of Los Alamos National Laboratory since its inception. In the early 1940s, very little was known or understood about plutonium, uranium, or their alloys. In addition, several new ionic, polymeric, and energetic materials with unique properties were needed in the development of nuclear weapons. As the Laboratory has evolved, and as missions in threat reduction, defense, energy, and meeting other emerging national challenges have been added, the role of materials science has expanded with the need for continued improvement in our understanding of the structure and properties of materials and in our ability to synthesize and process materials with unique characteristics. Materials science and engineering continues to be central to this Laboratory's success, and the materials capability truly spans the entire laboratory - touching upon numerous divisions and directorates and estimated to include >1/3 of the lab's technical staff. In 2006, Los Alamos and LANS LLC began to redefine our future, building upon the laboratory's established strengths and promoted by strongly interdependent science, technology and engineering capabilities. Eight Grand Challenges for Science were set forth as a technical framework for bridging across capabilities. Two of these grand challenges, Fundamental Understanding of Materials and Superconductivity and Actinide Science. were clearly materials-centric and were led out of our organizations. The complexity of these scientific thrusts was fleshed out through workshops involving cross-disciplinary teams. These teams refined the grand challenge concepts into actionable descriptions to be used as guidance for decisions like our LDRD strategic investment strategies and as the organizing basis for our external review process. In 2008, the Laboratory published 'Building the Future of Los Alamos. The Premier National Security Science Laboratory,' LA-UR-08-1541. This document introduced three strategic thrusts that crosscut the Grand Challenges and define future laboratory directions and facilities: (1) Information Science and Technology enabl ing integrative and predictive science; (2) Experimental science focused on materials for the future; and (3) Fundamental forensic science for nuclear, biological, and chemical threats. The next step for the Materials Capability was to develop a strategic plan for the second thrust, Materials for the Future. within the context of a capabilities-based Laboratory. This work has involved extending our 2006-2007 Grand Challenge workshops, integrating materials fundamental challenges into the MaRIE definition, and capitalizing on the emerging materials-centric national security missions. Strategic planning workshops with broad leadership and staff participation continued to hone our scientific directions and reinforce our strength through interdependence. By the Fall of 2008, these workshops promoted our primary strength as the delivery of Predictive Performance in applications where Extreme Environments dominate and where the discovery of Emergent Phenomena is a critical. These planning efforts were put into action through the development of our FY10 LDRD Strategic Investment Plan where the Materials Category was defined to incorporate three central thrusts: Prediction and Control of Performance, Extreme Environments and Emergent Phenomena. As with all strategic planning, much of the benefit is in the dialogue and cross-fertilization of ideas that occurs during the process. By winter of 2008/09, there was much agreement on the evolving focus for the Materials Strategy, but there was some lingering doubt over Prediction and Control of Performance as one of the three central thrusts, because it overarches all we do and is, truly, the end goal for materials science and engineering. Therefore, we elevated this thrust within the overarching vision/mission and introduce the concept of Defects and Interfaces as a central thrust that had previously been implied but not clearly articulated.

Taylor, Antoinette J [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Materials at LANL  

SciTech Connect

Exploring the physics, chemistry, and metallurgy of materials has been a primary focus of Los Alamos National Laboratory since its inception. In the early 1940s, very little was known or understood about plutonium, uranium, or their alloys. In addition, several new ionic, polymeric, and energetic materials with unique properties were needed in the development of nuclear weapons. As the Laboratory has evolved, and as missions in threat reduction, defense, energy, and meeting other emerging national challenges have been added, the role of materials science has expanded with the need for continued improvement in our understanding of the structure and properties of materials and in our ability to synthesize and process materials with unique characteristics. Materials science and engineering continues to be central to this Laboratory's success, and the materials capability truly spans the entire laboratory - touching upon numerous divisions and directorates and estimated to include >1/3 of the lab's technical staff. In 2006, Los Alamos and LANS LLC began to redefine our future, building upon the laboratory's established strengths and promoted by strongly interdependent science, technology and engineering capabilities. Eight Grand Challenges for Science were set forth as a technical framework for bridging across capabilities. Two of these grand challenges, Fundamental Understanding of Materials and Superconductivity and Actinide Science. were clearly materials-centric and were led out of our organizations. The complexity of these scientific thrusts was fleshed out through workshops involving cross-disciplinary teams. These teams refined the grand challenge concepts into actionable descriptions to be used as guidance for decisions like our LDRD strategic investment strategies and as the organizing basis for our external review process. In 2008, the Laboratory published 'Building the Future of Los Alamos. The Premier National Security Science Laboratory,' LA-UR-08-1541. This document introduced three strategic thrusts that crosscut the Grand Challenges and define future laboratory directions and facilities: (1) Information Science and Technology enabl ing integrative and predictive science; (2) Experimental science focused on materials for the future; and (3) Fundamental forensic science for nuclear, biological, and chemical threats. The next step for the Materials Capability was to develop a strategic plan for the second thrust, Materials for the Future. within the context of a capabilities-based Laboratory. This work has involved extending our 2006-2007 Grand Challenge workshops, integrating materials fundamental challenges into the MaRIE definition, and capitalizing on the emerging materials-centric national security missions. Strategic planning workshops with broad leadership and staff participation continued to hone our scientific directions and reinforce our strength through interdependence. By the Fall of 2008, these workshops promoted our primary strength as the delivery of Predictive Performance in applications where Extreme Environments dominate and where the discovery of Emergent Phenomena is a critical. These planning efforts were put into action through the development of our FY10 LDRD Strategic Investment Plan where the Materials Category was defined to incorporate three central thrusts: Prediction and Control of Performance, Extreme Environments and Emergent Phenomena. As with all strategic planning, much of the benefit is in the dialogue and cross-fertilization of ideas that occurs during the process. By winter of 2008/09, there was much agreement on the evolving focus for the Materials Strategy, but there was some lingering doubt over Prediction and Control of Performance as one of the three central thrusts, because it overarches all we do and is, truly, the end goal for materials science and engineering. Therefore, we elevated this thrust within the overarching vision/mission and introduce the concept of Defects and Interfaces as a central thrust that had previously been implied but not clearly articulated.

Taylor, Antoinette J [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Permanent Magnet Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 4   Applications of permanent magnet materials...material Primary reason for selection Alternative material Condition or reason favoring selection of alternative material Aircraft magnetos, military or civilian SmCo Maximum energy per unit volume Cast Alnico 5 Availability or cost restraint Alternators SmCo Compactness and reliability Ferrite...

410

Permanent Magnet Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 4 Applications of permanent magnet materials...material Primary reason for selection Alternative material Condition or reason favoring selection of alternative material Aircraft magnetos, military or civilian SmCo Maximum energy per unit volume Cast Alnico 5 Availability or cost restraint Alternators SmCo Compactness and reliability Ferrite...

411

LLE Review  

SciTech Connect

This volume of the LLE Review, covering the period January--March 1992, contains articles on the use of diffraction gratings in laser applications, and the fabrication of gratings for use in these applications. there are two articles on the use of lasers to explore fundamental physics issues and an article on the use of a solid-state diode array for x-ray imaging. Finally, the activities of the National Laser Users Facility and the GDL and OMEGA laser systems are summarized.

Keck, R.L. (ed.)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Microstructural Characterization of Burnable Absorber Materials Being Evaluated for Application in LEU U-Mo Fuel Plates  

SciTech Connect

The starting microstructure of a fuel plate will impact how it performs during irradiation. As a result, microstructural characterization has been performed on as-fabricated monolithic fuel plates to determine the changes in fuel plate microstructure that may result from changes in fabrication parameters. Particular focus has been given to the fuel plate U-10Mo/Zr and Zr/AA6061 cladding interfaces, since the integrity of these interfaces will play a big role in determining the overall performance of the fuel plate during irradiation. In addition, burnable absorber materials for potential incorporation into monolithic fuel plates have been characterized to identify their as-fabricated microstructures. This information will be important when trying to understand the PIE data from fuel plates with burnable absorbers that are irradiated in future irradiation experiments. This paper will focus on the microstructures observed using optical metallography, X-ray diffraction, and scanning and transmission electron microscopy for monolithic fuel plates exposed to different fabrication parameters and for as-fabricated burnable absorber materials.

J. F. Jue; B. Miller; B. Yao; E. Perez; Y. H. Sohn

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

Bioinspired Materials Engineering  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Novel bioinspired materials for sustainability and clean energy as emerging applications are also in the scope of the symposium. Presentations including...

414

Materials and Society  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electrical Energy Storage for Renewable Integration and Grid Applications: Status, Challenges and ... Materials R&D to Enable a Nuclear Energy Renaissance.

415

Novel Molecular Materials for Hydrogen Storage Applications - DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program FY 2012 Annual Progress Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6 6 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program FY 2012 Annual Progress Report Maddury Somayazulu (Primary Contact), Timothy Strobel, Robert Potter, Raja Chellappa, Viktor Struzhkin, Russell J Hemley Geophysical Laboratory Carnegie Institution of Washington 5251 Broad Branch Rd NW Washington, D.C. 20015 Phone: (202) 478-8911 Email: zulu@gl.ciw.edu DOE Program Manager: Dr. P. Thiyagarajan Phone: (301) 903-9706 Email: P.Thiyagarajan@science.doe.gov Objectives Discover, identify and characterize novel hydrogen-rich * compounds that can be used for hydrogen storage or as agents for rehydrogenation of hydrogen storage materials at high pressures. Investigate high pressure routes to rehydrogenating * ammonia borane and polymeric complexes of ammonia borane. Investigate interaction of hydrogen with metallo-organic *

416

Development of materials for solid state electrochemical sensors and fuel cell applications. Final report, September 30, 1995--December 30, 1995  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The intent of this project was two fold: (1) to develop new ionically conducting materials for solid state gas phase sensors and fuel cells and (2) to train students and create an environment conducive to Solid State Ionics research at Southern University. The authors have investigated the electrode-electrolyte interfacial reactions, defect structure and defect stability in some perovoskite type solid electrolyte materials and the effect of electrocatalyst and electrolyte on direct hydrocarbon and methanol/air fuel cell performance using synchrotron radiation based Extended X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy (EXAFS), surface analytical and Impedance Spectroscopic techniques. They have measured the AC impedance and K edge EXAFS of the entire family of rare earth dopants in Cerium Oxide to understand the effect of dopants on the conductivity and its impact on the structural properties of Cerium Oxide. All of the systems showed an increase in the conductivity over undoped ceria with ceria doped Gd, Sm and Y showing the highest values. The conductivity increased with increasing ionic radius of the dopant cation. The authors have measured the K edge of the EXAFS of these dopants to determine the local structural environment and also to understand the nature of the defect clustering between oxygen vacancies and trivalent ions. The analysis and the data reduction of these complex EXAFS spectra is in progress. Where as in the DOWCs, the authors have attempted to explore the impact of catalyst loadings on the performance of direct oxidation of methanol fuel cells. Their initial measurements on fuel cell performance characteristics and EXAFS are made on commercial membranes Pt/Ru/Nafion 115, 117 and 112.

Bobba, R.; Hormes, J.; Young, V.; Baker, J.A.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

417

DEVELOPMENT OF PLASTICITY MODEL USING NON ASSOCIATED FLOW RULE FOR HCP MATERIALS INCLUDING ZIRCONIUM FOR NUCLEAR APPLICATIONS  

SciTech Connect

In this report (prepared in collaboration with Prof. Jeong Whan Yoon, Deakin University, Melbourne, Australia) a research effort was made to develop a non associated flow rule for zirconium. Since Zr is a hexagonally close packed (hcp) material, it is impossible to describe its plastic response under arbitrary loading conditions with any associated flow rule (e.g. von Mises). As a result of strong tension compression asymmetry of the yield stress and anisotropy, zirconium displays plastic behavior that requires a more sophisticated approach. Consequently, a new general asymmetric yield function has been developed which accommodates mathematically the four directional anisotropies along 0 degrees, 45 degrees, 90 degrees, and biaxial, under tension and compression. Stress anisotropy has been completely decoupled from the r value by using non associated flow plasticity, where yield function and plastic potential have been treated separately to take care of stress and r value directionalities, respectively. This theoretical development has been verified using Zr alloys at room temperature as an example as these materials have very strong SD (Strength Differential) effect. The proposed yield function reasonably well models the evolution of yield surfaces for a zirconium clock rolled plate during in plane and through thickness compression. It has been found that this function can predict both tension and compression asymmetry mathematically without any numerical tolerance and shows the significant improvement compared to any reported functions. Finally, in the end of the report, a program of further research is outlined aimed at constructing tensorial relationships for the temperature and fluence dependent creep surfaces for Zr, Zircaloy 2, and Zircaloy 4.

Michael V. Glazoff; Jeong-Whan Yoon

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Program on Technology Innovation: State-of-Knowledge Review of Erosion-Resistant Coatings for Steam and Gas Turbine Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Solid particle erosion (SPE) and liquid droplet erosion (LDE) cause severe damage to turbine components, such as gas turbine compressor blades and vanes as well as steam turbine control stage and later stage low-pressure blades. This report will provide a comprehensive knowledge base to turbine users on erosion coating properties, methods of application, details about the various vendors and their experience as well as the tests conducted to evaluate and qualify erosion-resistant coatings.

2008-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

419

Power Harvesting for Sensors in Electric Power Utility Applications: State of Science Review and Test Bed Development  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The value of wireless sensor networks in remote locations or at high-voltage applications depends on the networks reliable operation for extended period of times without human intervention. Therefore, a major consideration when using wireless sensors is the problem of providing power to the sensors. Presently, wireless sensor nodes are commonly powered by batteries. This situation presents a substantial roadblock to the widespread deployment of wireless sensors due to battery lifetimes and other issues ...

2011-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

420

Scientometric analysis of publications in the area of nanoenergy based on the materials of the peer-reviewed journal of VINITI RAS Physics of Nanoobjects and Nanotechnology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Based on the analysis of a range of key publications in the area of nanoenergy, which, among other journals, were reflected in the Physics of Nanoobjects and Nanotechnology issue of the peer-reviewed journal that was published by the All-Russia ... Keywords: nanoenergy, nanomaterials, nanoobjects, nanophysics, scientometrics, solar cells

N. M. Builova; A. I. Osipov

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "review application materials" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

PHASE RETRIEVAL, SYMMETRIZATION RULE AND TRANSPORT OF INTENSITY EQUATION IN APPLICATION TO INDUCTION MAPPING OF MAGNETIC MATERIALS.  

SciTech Connect

Recent progress in the field of noninterferometric phase retrieval brings the ordinary Fresnel microscopy to a new quantitative level, suitable for recovering both the amplitude and phase of the object, based on image intensity measurements of the object. We show that this is sufficient for in-plane component mapping of magnetic induction for small magnetic elements with known geometry ranging from micro- to few nanometers size. In present paper we re-examine some conservation principles used for the transport-of-intensity (TIE) equation derived by Teaque for application to phase retrieval in light and X-ray optics. In particular, we prove that the intensity conservation law should be replaced in general case with the energy-flow conservation law. This law describes the amplitude-phase balance of the partially coherent beam on its propagation along the optical path, valid both for light and electron optics. This substitution has at least two important fundamental consequences.

VOLKOV,V.V.; ZHU,Y.

2002-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

422

Materials Properties Database for Selection of High-Temperature Alloys and Concepts of Alloy Design for SOFC Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To serve as an interconnect / gas separator in an SOFC stack, an alloy should demonstrate the ability to provide (i) bulk and surface stability against oxidation and corrosion during prolonged exposure to the fuel cell environment, (ii) thermal expansion compatibility with the other stack components, (iii) chemical compatibility with adjacent stack components, (iv) high electrical conductivity of the surface reaction products, (v) mechanical reliability and durability at cell exposure conditions, (vii) good manufacturability, processability and fabricability, and (viii) cost effectiveness. As the first step of this approach, a composition and property database was compiled for high temperature alloys in order to assist in determining which alloys offer the most promise for SOFC interconnect applications in terms of oxidation and corrosion resistance. The high temperature alloys of interest included Ni-, Fe-, Co-base superal

Yang, Z Gary; Paxton, Dean M.; Weil, K. Scott; Stevenson, Jeffry W.; Singh, Prabhakar

2002-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

423

Primary System Corrosion Research Program: EPRI Materials Degradation Matrix, Revision 2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The EPRI Materials Degradation Matrix (MDM) is a key part of the industrys Materials Degradation and Issue Management Initiative. The MDM provides a comprehensive review of degradation mechanisms applicable to the nuclear steam supply system components in light water reactor plants and assesses the extent to which these degradation mechanisms are understood. The MDM also evaluates the state of industry knowledge worldwide associated with mitigation of applicable degradation mechanisms.

2010-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

424

Lemberger-120111 - Argonne National Laboratories, Materials Sicence  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Lemberger-120111 Lemberger-120111 MATERIALS SCIENCE COLLOQUIUM SPEAKER: Dr. Tom Lemberger Ohio State University TITLE: "Science and Applications of Novel Superconducting Materials" DATE: Thursday, December 1, 2011 TIME: 11:00 a.m. PLACE: Building 212 / A-157 HOST: Ken Gray Refreshments will be served at 10:45 a.m. ABSTRACT: This talk will review the most important aspects of the phenomenon of superconductivity, discuss the surprising materials in which superconductivity has been found in the past few years, and survey some real and potential applications of superconductors. Some time will be spent on measurements we make at OSU of the "super-electron" (or, superfluid) density, whose magnitude and temperature dependence are sensitive probes of the superconducting quantum state, e.g., the symmetry of the

425

Comparison of Different Upscaling Methods for Predicting Thermal Conductivity of Complex Heterogeneous Materials System: Application on Nuclear Waste Forms  

SciTech Connect

To develop a strategy in thermal conductivity prediction of a complex heterogeneous materials system, loaded nuclear waste forms, the computational efficiency and accuracy of different upscaling methods have been evaluated. The effective thermal conductivity, obtained from microstructure information and local thermal conductivity of different components, is critical in predicting the life and performance of waste form during storage. Several methods, including the Taylor model, Sachs model, self-consistent model, and statistical upscaling method, were developed and implemented. Microstructure based finite element method (FEM) prediction results were used to as benchmark to determine the accuracy of the different upscaling methods. Micrographs from waste forms with varying waste loadings were used in the prediction of thermal conductivity in FEM and homogenization methods. Prediction results demonstrated that in term of efficiency, boundary models (e.g., Taylor model and Sachs model) are stronger than the self-consistent model, statistical upscaling method, and finite element method. However, when balancing computational efficiency and accuracy, statistical upscaling is a useful method in predicting effective thermal conductivity for nuclear waste forms.

Li, Dongsheng; Sun, Xin; Khaleel, Mohammad A.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Diamond Particle Detector Properties during High Fluence Material Damage Tests and their Future Applications for Machine Protection in the LHC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Experience with LHC machine protection (MP) during the last three years of operation shows that the MP systems sufficiently protect the LHC against damage in case of failures leading to beam losses with a time constant exceeding 1ms. An unexpected fast beam loss mechanism, called UFOs [1], was observed, which could potentially quench superconducting magnets. For such fast losses, but also for better understanding of slower losses, an improved understanding of the loss distribution within a bunch train is required [2]. Diamond particle detectors with bunch-by-bunch resolution and high dynamic range have been developed and successfully tested in the LHC and in experiments to quantify the damage limits of LHC components. This paper will focus on experience gained in use of diamond detectors. The properties of these detectors were measured during high-fluence material damage tests in CERNs Hi-RadMat facility. The results will be discussed and compared to the cross-calibration with FLUKA simulations. Future app...

Burkart, F; Borburgh, J; Dehning, B; Di Castro, M; Griesmayer, E; Lechner, A; Lendaro, J; Loprete, F; Losito, R; Montesano, S; Schmidt, R; Wollmann, D; Zerlauth, M

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Application of phase change materials in passive solar systems. Final report, October 1, 1977-November 30, 1978  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A modular, hybrid passive solar energy collection and storage unit called the Thermal Wall Panel was designed and constructed. The Thermal Wall Panel uses the concept of energy storage in phase change materials combined with direct solar gain. Based on measurements, a Thermal Wall Panel with movable night-time insulation (R = 6.80) between the storage components and the outside can retain and deliver as heat an average of 45 percent of the sun's energy which falls on it during the day. Based on calculations, a 120 square foot wall can provide about 25 percent of the heating needs of a 1100 square foot house. Analysis indicates that when the Thermal Wall Panel (R = 6.00 nighttime insulation) is combined with other direct gain passive solar energy systems as large, south-facing windows, 56 percent of a home's heating needs can be provided. A Thermal Wall Panel can be installed into a typical home in the Mid-Atlantic Region for an incremental cost of from $6 to $8 per square foot beyond the cost of the normal wall and pay for itself in 5 to 9 years at 1978 energy costs. Also, the Thermal Wall Panel does not require any additional foundation support. A computer model has been developed for the Thermal Wall Panel which shows good agreement with predicted and measured performance.

Sliwkowski, J.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Handbook of Materials Selection - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Feb 9, 2007 ... This handbook offers a comprehensive resource for materials properties, their evaluation, and industrial applications. It includes analytical...

429

Materials Project: A Materials Genome Approach  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

Technological innovation - faster computers, more efficient solar cells, more compact energy storage - is often enabled by materials advances. Yet, it takes an average of 18 years to move new materials discoveries from lab to market. This is largely because materials designers operate with very little information and must painstakingly tweak new materials in the lab. Computational materials science is now powerful enough that it can predict many properties of materials before those materials are ever synthesized in the lab. By scaling materials computations over supercomputing clusters, this project has computed some properties of over 80,000 materials and screened 25,000 of these for Li-ion batteries. The computations predicted several new battery materials which were made and tested in the lab and are now being patented. By computing properties of all known materials, the Materials Project aims to remove guesswork from materials design in a variety of applications. Experimental research can be targeted to the most promising compounds from computational data sets. Researchers will be able to data-mine scientific trends in materials properties. By providing materials researchers with the information they need to design better, the Materials Project aims to accelerate innovation in materials research.[copied from http://materialsproject.org/about] You will be asked to register to be granted free, full access.

Ceder, Gerbrand [MIT; Persson, Kristin [LBNL

430

REVIEW OF INDUSTRIES AND GOVERNMENT AGENCIES FOR TECHNOLOGIES APPLICABLE TO DEACTIVATION AND DECOMMISSIONING OF NUCLEAR WEAPONS FACILITIES  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Deactivation and Decommissioning Focus Area's (DDFA's) mission is to develop, demonstrate, and deploy improved deactivation and decommissioning (D&D) technologies. This mission requires that emphasis be continually placed on identifying technologies currently employed or under development in other nuclear as well as nonnuclear industries and government agencies. In support of DDFA efforts to clean up the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) radiologically contaminated surplus facilities using technologies that improve worker safety, reduce costs, and accelerate cleanup schedules, a study was conducted to identify innovative technologies developed for use in nonnuclear arenas that are appropriate for D&D applications.

Reilkoff, T. E.; Hetland, M. D.; O'Leary, E. M.

2002-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

431

Review of SAR for Packaging Report  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This Packaging Review Guide (PRG) provides guidance for Department of Energy (DOE) review and approval of packagings to transport fissile and Type B quantities of radioactive material.

432

The Chemistry of the Thermal DeNOx Process: A Review of the Technology's Possible Application to control of NOx from Diesel Engines  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper presents a review of the Thermal DeNOx process with respect to its application to control of NOx emissions from diesel engines. The chemistry of the process is discussed first in empirical and then theoretical terms. Based on this discussion the possibilities of applying the process to controlling NOx emissions from diesel engines is considered. Two options are examined, modifying the requirements of the chemistry of the Thermal DeNOx process to suit the conditions provided by diesel engines and modifying the engines to provide the conditions required by the process chemistry. While the former examination did not reveal any promising opportunities, the latter did. Turbocharged diesel engine systems in which the turbocharger is a net producer of power seem capable of providing the conditions necessary for NOx reduction via the Thermal DeNOx reaction.

Lyon, Richard

2001-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

433

Proposal Review Panel Descriptions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Proposal Review Panel Descriptions Proposal Review Panel Descriptions To ensure competent scientific review, a proposal may be assigned to a different panel (at the discretion of the Review Panel Chair), or the panel may seek additional ad hoc reviews from other experts. High-Pressure This panel reviews scattering and diffraction proposals that focus on materials at high pressure. Techniques such as (but not limited to) diffraction, nuclear resonant scattering, and inelastic x-ray scattering for materials at high pressure are appropriate for this panel to consider. Instrumentation This panel reviews proposals related to the development of beamline instrumentation, sample environments, x-ray optical components, and/or detectors that are relevant to synchrotron radiation research. This panel

434

ESS 2012 Peer Review - Isothermal Compressed Air Energy Storage for Grid-Scale Applications - Adam Rauwerdink, SustainX  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Isothermal Isothermal C AES f or G rid---Scale A pplica7ons Permanent Magnet Motor/Generator CONTACT: Adam Rauwerdink Manager, Business Development arauwerdink@sustainx.com Crankshaft Key advantages * Clean: isothermal process consumes no fuel, produces no emissions * Flexible: can be sited where best utilized, not where geology mandates * Proven components  Crankshaft, generator, pipe-type storage  20-year life at full power/capacity * Scalable: power and energy scale independently * Safe: no hazardous materials or chemicals Proven mechanical systems using steel, water, and air SustainX Heat Transfer Technology (Compression/Expansion) 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 Lead Acid Lithium Ion ICAES 20 YEAR PROJECT LEVELIZED COST OF ENERGY (cents/kWh) INITIAL CAPEX DoD DERATING REPLACEMENT FUEL & O&M

435

Critical Issues Report and Roadmap for the Advanced Radiation-Resistant Materials Program  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes a program to identify and qualify advanced materials for use in structural applications in light water reactor (LWR) internals for extended operating periods, possibly 80 or more years. It describes the current situation with regard to irradiation-induced degradation of structural materials in LWR reactor internals and identifies the types of improvements needed for extended operating periods. It reviews the range of possible types of advanced materials, describes the ...

2012-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

436

REACTIVE FORCE FIELDS FOR Y-DOPED BaZrO3 ELECTROLYTE AND NI-ANODE. POTENTIAL CATHODE MATERIALS FOR APPLICATION IN PROTON CERAMIC FUEL CELLS  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Based on quantum mechanical data obtained for the Y-doped BaZrO{sub 3} electrolyte and Ni-anode Reactive Force Field parameters have been developed for further molecular dynamics simulations of the proton diffusion and electrode/electrolyte interfaces. Electronic and atomic structures of different terminations of the (001) BaZrO{sub 3} surface have been studied using first-principles calculations. Several potential cathode materials for the Y-doped BaZrO{sub 3} system were synthesized via glycine nitrate combustion method. Of the five potential cathode materials examined BaZr{sub 0.40}Pr{sub 0.40}Gd{sub 0.20}O{sub 3} and BaZr{sub 0.60}Y{sub 0.20}Co{sub 0.20}O{sub 3} appear to be the most promising for further applications in proton ceramic fuel cells. Fuel cell test of a Y-doped BaZrO{sub 3} thin film using platinum ink for both electrodes have been performed. The obtained results shows that a robust method for fabricating crack-free thin membranes, as well as methods for sealing anode and cathode chambers, have successfully been developed.

Boris Merinov; Adri van Duin; Sossina Haile; William A. Goddard III

2004-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

437

Development of the dual-cycle absorption heat pump for residential application. Appendix B: Analysis of materials compatibility and corrosion for dual-cycle absorption heat pump. Final report, April 1984-March 1990  

SciTech Connect

Engineering alloys were analyzed in an effort to identify corrosion resistant materials for the absorption heat pump (AHP). Testing focused on the corrosion behavior of carbon steels and austentic stainless steels Types 304 and 316L. Most of the tests were conducted in lithium bromide solutions at various temperatures under non-flowing or static conditions. Failures due to corrosion in prototype AHP units were investigated as they occurred. A literature review was performed on the corrosion behavior of materials in lithium bromide, ammonia water, and calcium chloride environments. Material recommendations and heat treating procedures are discussed.

Not Available

1990-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Application: Cold Climate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

*. Bookmark and Share. Application: Cold Climate. Fire Suppression in Cold Climates: A Technical Review.. Catchpole, DV; 2000. ...

2011-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

439

Longevity of Emplacement Drift Ground Support Materials  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this analysis is to evaluate the factors affecting the longevity of emplacement drift ground support materials and to develop a basis for selection of materials for ground support that will function throughout the preclosure period. The Development Plan (DP) for this analysis is given in CRWMS M&O (Civilian Radioactive Waste Management System Management and Operating Contractor) (1999a). The candidate materials for ground support are steel (carbon steel, ductile cast iron, galvanized steel, and stainless steel, etc.) and cement. Steel will mainly be used for steel sets, lagging, channels, rock bolts, and wire mesh. Cement usage is only considered in the case of grouted rock bolts. The candidate materials for the invert structure are steel and crushed rock ballast. The materials shall be evaluated for the repository emplacement drift environment under a specific thermal loading condition based on the proposed License Application Design Selection (LADS) design. The analysis consists of the following tasks: (1) Identify factors affecting the longevity of ground control materials for use in emplacement drifts. (2) Review existing documents concerning behavior of candidate ground control materials during the preclosure period. The major criteria to be considered for steel are mechanical and thermal properties, and durability, of which corrosion is the most important concern. (3) Evaluate the available results and develop recommendations for material(s) to be used.

D. Tang

2000-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

440

Molybdenum silicide based materials and their properties  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Molybdenum disilicide (MoSi{sub 2}) is a promising candidate material for high temperature structural applications. It is a high melting point (2030 C) material with excellent oxidation resistance and a moderate density (6.24 g/cm{sup 3}). However, low toughness at low temperatures and high creep rates at elevated temperatures have hindered its commercialization in structural applications. Much effort has been invested in MoSi{sub 2} composites as alternatives to pure molybdenum disilicide for oxidizing and aggressive environments. Molybdenum disilicide-based heating elements have been used extensively in high-temperature furnaces. The low electrical resistance of silicides in combination with high thermal stability, electron-migration resistance, and excellent diffusion-barrier characteristics is important for microelectronic applications. Projected applications of MoSi{sub 2}-based materials include turbine airfoils, combustion chamber components in oxidizing environments, missile nozzles, molten metal lances, industrial gas burners, diesel engine glow plugs, and materials for glass processing. On this paper, synthesis, fabrication, and properties of the monolithic and composite molybdenum silicides are reviewed.

Yao, Z.; Stiglich, J.; Sudarshan, T.S. [Materials Modification, Inc., Fairfax, VA (United States)] [Materials Modification, Inc., Fairfax, VA (United States)

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "review application materials" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Review Articles of Overview of Solid-State Lighting  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

REVIEW ARTICLES REVIEW ARTICLES Solid-state lighting is an exciting and rapidly moving area of research and development. For the latest developments, please see the Science and Business News section of this website. Here, we have compiled a list of review articles covering various aspects of solid-state lighting science, technology and engineering. · June 2004. Nanoscience and solid-state lighting, presented by George Craford of Lumileds at the DOE Nanosummit, covers technology background and status, applications, technical challenges, and nanotechnology approaches. · May 2004. A detailed review, in IEEE Circuits and Devices, of the various lamp, chip and materials design choices that will be faced as solid-state lighting technology improves to the point of meeting long-term roadmap targets. This article, by Jeff Tsao at Sandia National Laboratories, is titled Solid-state lighting: lamps, chips and materials for tomorrow.

442

Book Reviews Book Reviews*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Book Reviews Book Reviews* J. Am. Chem. SOC.,Vol. 108, No. 17, 1986 5313 Handbook of Gaussian Basis + 556 pp. $85.00. This book is a collection of chapters authored by individuals or groups experienced. The present book, dealing with the latter topic, is one of the only extensive intro- ductions of which I am

Pines, Alexander

443

Session 19: Geothermal Materials Development  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Among the most pressing problems constraining the development of geothermal energy is the lack of satisfactory component and system reliability. This is due to the unavailability, on a commercial scale, of cost-effective materials that can function in a wide range of geothermal environments and to the unavailability of a comprehensive body of directly related test data or materials selection experience. In 1976, the GHTD started the Geothermal Materials Program to address materials-related problems, and since 1978 Brookhaven National Laboratory has provided technical and managerial assistance in the implementation of the effort. Major successes have been attained in the development of elastomers for high-temperature applications and in the use of polymer concrete liners for corrosion protection. Both technologies have been successfully transferred to industry. Current efforts in metallic and nonmetallic materials development and corrosion protection will be summarized. In the metals area, testing of a series of experimental stainless steels has led to compositions which show a very remarkable resistance to pitting corrosion in hot chloride electrolytes. Combinations of molybdenum and nitrogen are very beneficial. Alternate materials for line shaft pump bearings have been identified through tests in simulated hot brine. Cermets and carbides show promise of extending pump life. A series of drill bit steels has been examined for fatigue and hot fracture toughness. The work has indicated alloys with properties that exceed those of materials now in use. A major finding in the nonmetallic materials area has been the development of fluorinated elastomers for use in statis seals at temperatures greater than 300 C. Field testing has just commenced, but based upon laboratory results, the work is very promising. Commercialization of this material is underway. Technology transfer of a 240 C EPDM was completed earlier. Field testing of polymer concrete-lined pipe has been successful, and at least one commercial source of the material now exists. Programs started in FY 1983 include the development of high-thermal-conductivity composites for heat exchanger tubes and elastomers for dynamic seal applications. Cathodic protection measurements of carbon steel have been made, both in the laboratory and in the field, which showed the feasibility of such protection of some carbon steel components, e.g., the outer surface of well casing. More work is suggested to include heat exchanges. Studies of corrosion in binary systems is also reviewed.

van Rooyen, Daniel

1983-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Local Polarization Dynamics in Ferroelectric Materials  

SciTech Connect

Ferroelectrics and multiferroics have recently emerged as perspective materials for information technology and data storage applications. The combination of extremely narrow domain wall width and the capability to manipulate polarization by electric field opens the pathway towards ultrahigh (>10 TBit/in2) storage densities and small (sub-10 nm) feature sizes. The coupling between polarization and chemical and transport properties enables applications in ferroelectric lithography and electroresistive devices. The progress in these applications, as well as fundamental studies of polarization dynamics and the role of defects and disorder on domain nucleation and wall motion, requires the capability to probe these effects on the nanometer scale. In this review, we summarize recent progress in applications of Piezoresponse Force Microscopy (PFM) for imaging, manipulation, and spectroscopy of ferroelectric switching processes. We briefly introduce the principles and relevant instrumental aspects of PFM, with special emphasis on resolution and information limits. The local imaging studies of domain dynamics, including local switching and relaxation accessed through imaging experiments, and spectroscopic studies of polarization switching, are discussed in detail. Finally, we briefly review the recent progress on photochemical processes on ferroelectric surfaces, the role of surface adsorbates, and imaging and switching in liquids. Beyond classical applications, probing local bias-induced transition dynamics by PFM opens the pathway to studies of the influence of a single defect on electrochemical and solid state processes, thus providing model systems for batteries, fuel cells, and supercapacitor applications.

Kalinin, Sergei V [ORNL; Morozovska, A. N. [National Academy of Science of Ukraine, Kiev, Ukraine; Chen, L. Q. [Pennsylvania State University; Rodriguez, Brian J [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Pipeline Rupture: Review of Common Metallurgical Failure ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

About this Abstract. Meeting, Materials Science & Technology 2012. Symposium, Failure Analysis and Prevention. Presentation Title, Pipeline Rupture: Review...

446

Application Selection Process and Notification | U.S. DOE Office of Science  

Office of Science (SC) Website

Application Selection Process and Notification Application Selection Process and Notification Community College Internships (CCI) CCI Home Eligibility Benefits Participant Obligations How to Apply Selecting a Host DOE Laboratory Recommender Information Application Selection Process and Notification Key Dates Frequently Asked Questions Contact WDTS Home How to Apply Application Selection Process and Notification Print Text Size: A A A RSS Feeds FeedbackShare Page CCI Program Application Review and Selection Overview Application Eligibility and Compliance: To be considered, an applicant must meet all eligibility criteria and submit an application comprising all required materials. To assess eligibility, and prior to the merit assessment and evaluation, an initial review of all applications will be conducted to verify applicant eligibility and ensure all the required application

447

Book reviews  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

If you are interested in reviewing books for intelligence, please contact book review editor Karen Sutherland at intelligence_book-reviews@acm.org.

Karen Sutherland

2001-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Materials Science  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Materials Science. Summary: ... Description: Group focus in materials science (inkjet metrology, micro-macro, advanced characterizations). ...

2012-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

449

Materials in High Temperature Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 30, 2013 ... Location: Palais des Congres de Montreal Session Chair: Thomas Gheno, University of Pittsbugh; Eric Jordan, University of Conecticut...

450

Advanced Materials for Medical Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... results on bioimaging (fluorescence and CARS-microscopy) will be presented. ... Next Generation Biomaterials: Hierarchical Hybrid Nanostructures: Sharmila...

451

Advanced Materials for Medical Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 29, 2013 ... The in vitro cell bioactivity was characterized by evaluating the ... Mg2wt%Ca alloy for which hot extrusion significantly increases both the...

452

Magnetoelectric Multiferroic Materials, Applications and ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 8, 2012 ... Magnetoelectric Multiferroic Thin Films and Multilayers: Magnetoelectric ... Ram Katiyar, University of Puerto Rico; Koduri Ramam, Universidad de ... approach to power efficient bistable magnetization switching that is crucial...

453

Magnetic Materials for Energy Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Paul R. Ohodnicki, National Energy Technology Laboratory ... the largest electricity consumption in the domestic market is related to refrigeration and ... First to Second Order Magnetocaloric Transition: on Correct Analysis of Experimental Data.

454

Materials Corrosion in Hydrometallurgical Applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... a scanning electron microscope and relative corrosion rates were estimated by ... scanning electron microscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS).

455

Materials Informatics: Theory and Application  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 15, 2006 ... Eugene C Butcher, Ellen L Berg & Eric J Kunkel. Systems biology in drug discovery. Nature Biotechnology vol 22, 1253-1259 (2004).

456

Review for the State of the Art and Application of Polymer Materials / Insulation used in Distribution Class (12 - 46 kV class) Substations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report covers the results of a state-of-art study into distribution class (12-46 kV) polymer-based products, the technology used to manufacture them, utility experiences, field potential inspection and diagnostic technique, and utility interest for future research and development to be conducted by EPRI.

2003-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

457

Safety analysis report for the use of hazardous production materials in photovoltaic applications at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Volume 2, Appendices  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

To ensure the continued safety of SERI`s employees, the community, and the environment, NREL commissioned an internal audit of its photovoltaic operations that used hazardous production materials (HPMS). As a result of this audit, NREL management voluntarily suspended all operations using toxic and/or pyrophoric gases. This suspension affected seven laboratories and ten individual deposition systems. These activities are located in Building 16, which has a permitted occupancy of Group B, Division 2 (B-2). NREL management decided to do the following. (1) Exclude from this SAR all operations which conformed, or could easily be made to conform, to B-2 Occupancy requirements. (2) Include in this SAR all operations that could be made to conform to B-2 Occupancy requirements with special administrative and engineering controls. (3) Move all operations that could not practically be made to conform to B-2 occupancy requirements to alternate locations. In addition to the layered set of administrative and engineering controls set forth in this SAR, a semiquantitative risk analysis was performed on 30 various accident scenarios. Twelve presented only routine risks, while 18 presented low risks. Considering the demonstrated safe operating history of NREL in general and these systems specifically, the nature of the risks identified, and the layered set of administrative and engineering controls, it is clear that this facility falls within the DOE Low Hazard Class. Each operation can restart only after it has passed an Operational Readiness Review, comparing it to the requirements of this SAR, while subsequent safety inspections will ensure future compliance. This document contains the appendices to the NREL safety analysis report.

Crandall, R.S.; Nelson, B.P.; Moskowitz, P.D.; Fthenakis, V.M.

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Polymers for hydrogen infrastructure and vehicle fuel systems : applications, properties, and gap analysis.  

SciTech Connect

This document addresses polymer materials for use in hydrogen service. Section 1 summarizes the applications of polymers in hydrogen infrastructure and vehicle fuel systems and identifies polymers used in these applications. Section 2 reviews the properties of polymer materials exposed to hydrog