Sample records for revenue bond issuance

  1. Industrial Revenue Bond Issuance Cost Assistance (Wisconsin)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Industrial Revenue Bonds (IRB) are tax-exempt bonds that can be used to stimulate capital investment and job creation by providing private borrowers with access to financing at interest rates that...

  2. Local Government Revenue Bonds (Montana)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Limited obligation local government bonds ("special revenue bonds") may be issued for qualified electric energy generation facilities, including those powered by renewables. These bonds generally...

  3. Private Activity Revenue Bonds (Maryland)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Private Activity Revenue Bonds are available in the form of both taxable bonds and tax-exempt bonds. Both types of bonds provide access to long-term capital markets for fixed asset financing....

  4. Tax-Exempt Industrial Revenue Bonds (Kansas)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Tax-Exempt Industrial Revenue Bonds are issued by cities and counties for the purchase, construction, improvement or remodeling of a facility for agricultural, commercial, hospital, industrial,...

  5. Single-Issue Industrial Revenue Bond Program (Missouri)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Missouri Development Finance Board administers a Single-Issue Tax-Exempt Industrial Revenue Bond Program as well as a Taxable Industrial Revenue Bond Program. The Tax-Exempt Program finances (i...

  6. Industrial Revenue Bond Program (District of Columbia)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The District provides below market bond financing to lower the costs of borrowing for qualified capital construction and renovation projects. The program is available to non-profits, institutions,...

  7. 1. Was your auditor for the Revenue Bond Series 2003A and 2005A financial audit year ended 6/30/12 invited to bid?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    IFB13403 1. Was your auditor for the Revenue Bond Series 2003A and 2005A financial audit year for last year's audit? The existing contract budget is structured with hourly rates, so there isn't a set fee structure for each audit. The cumulative total of invoices for the FY 11/12 audit was $16

  8. Public Bonding Options | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    While the revenue stream need not be directly related to the financed project, capital lease revenue bonds entail a third party guaranteeing an energy savings revenue stream,...

  9. Nuclear Regulatory Commission Issuances

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report contains the issuances received during the specified period from the Atomic Safety and Licensing Board only. The two issuances included relate to: (1) suspension of byproduct material license for Eastern Testing and Inspection, Inc., and (2) license renewal for the Georgia Tech research reactor.

  10. Crop Revenue Coverage (CRC)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stokes, Kenneth; Barnaby, G. A. Art; Waller, Mark L.; Outlaw, Joe

    2008-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Crop Revenue Coverage guarantees a stated amount of revenue based on commodity futures prices. This publication explains how CRC works and gives examples based on harvest price scenarios....

  11. Nuclear Regulatory Commission issuances

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report includes the issuances received during the specified period from Commission (CLI), the Atomic Safety and Licensing Boards (LBP), the Administrative Law Judges (ALJ), the Directors` Decisions (DD), and the Denials of Petitions for Rulemaking (DPRM).

  12. Bond Financing Program (New Hampshire)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    BFA’s Bond Financing Program offers tax-exempt and taxable bonds for fixed-asset expansion projects. Industrial development revenue bonds can be used by manufacturers for the acquisition,...

  13. Nuclear Regulatory Commission issuances

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report includes the issuances received during the specified period from the Commission (CLI), the Atomic Safety and Licensing Boards (LBP), the Administrative Law Judges (ALJ), the Directors` Decisions (DD), and the Decisions on Petitions for Rulemaking (DPRM). The summaries and headnotes preceding the opinions reported herein are not to be deemed a part of those opinions or have any independent legal significance.

  14. Nuclear Regulatory Commission issuances

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report includes the issuances received during the specified period from the Commission (CLI), the Atomic Safety and Licensing Boards (LBP), the Administrative Law Judges (ALJ), the Directors` Decisions (DD), and the Decisions on Petitions for Rulemaking (DPRM). The summaries and headnotes preceding the opinions reported herein are not to be deemed a part of those opinions or have any independent legal significance.

  15. OPEC Revenues Fact Sheet

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report includes estimates of OPEC net oil export revenues, based on historical estimates and forecasts from the latest Energy Information Administration (EIA) Short-Term Energy Outlook.

  16. Electric $ales and revenue 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This publication provides information on electricity sales, associated revenue, average revenue per kilowatthour sold, and number of consumers in the United States.

  17. Local Option- Industrial Facilities and Development Bonds (Utah)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Under the Utah Industrial Facilities and Development Act, counties, municipalities, and state universities in Utah may issue Industrial Revenue Bonds (IRBs) or Industrial Development Bonds (IDBs)...

  18. Nuclear Regulatory Commission issuances

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document is the March 1996 listing of NRC issuances. Included are: (1) NRC orders granting Cleveland Electric Illuminating Company`s petition for review of the ASLB order LBP-95-17, (2) NRC orders relating to the potential disqualification of two commissioners in the matter of the decommissioning of Yankee Nuclear Power Station, (3) ASLB orders pertaining to the Oncology Services Corporation, (4) ASLB orders pertaining to the Radiation Oncology Center, (5) ASLB orders pertaining to the Yankee Nuclear Power Station, and (6) Director`s decision pertaining to the Yankee Nuclear Power Station.

  19. Electric sales and revenue: 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Electric Sales and Revenue is prepared by the Survey Management Division, Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels; Energy Information Administration (EIA); US Department of Energy. This publication provides information about sales of electricity, its associated revenue, and the average revenue per kilowatthour sold to residential, commercial, industrial, and other consumers throughout the United States. The sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour data provided in the Electric Sales and Revenue are based on annual data reported by electric utilities for the calendar year ending December 31, 1993. Operating revenue includes energy charges, demand charges, consumer service charges, environmental surcharges, fuel adjustments, and other miscellaneous charges. The revenue does not include taxes, such as sales and excise taxes, that are assessed on the consumer and collected through the utility. Average revenue per kilowatthour is defined as the cost per unit of electricity sold and is calculated by dividing retail sales into the associated electric revenue. Because electric rates vary based on energy usage, average revenue per kilowatthour are affected by changes in the volume of sales. The sales of electricity, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour data provided in this report are presented at the national, Census division, State, and electric utility levels.

  20. Electric sales and revenue 1996

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Information is provided on electricity sales, associated revenue, average revenue per kilowatthour sold, and number of consumers throughout the US. The data provided in the Electric Sales and Revenue are presented at the national, Census division, State, and electric utility levels. The information is based on annual data reported by electric utilities for the calendar year ending December 31, 1996. 16 figs., 20 tabs.

  1. The revenue imperative

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flaherty, Jane

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    56 66 68 68 69 74 79 85 89 92 Introduction Chairman Stevens The Direct Tax 92 93 97 TABLE OF CONTENTS, CONTINUED CHAPTER The Internal Revenue Measures Conclusion VI CONCLUSION REFERENCES APPENDIX I: FEDERAL RECEIPTS, 1800... no injuries occurred and the crowds dissipated as quickly as they had formed, President John Adams followed Washington's precedent and sent armed forces to Bucks County to quell the revolt. Sixty protestors were arrested. In writing the Constitution...

  2. Capital and revenue expenditures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Owens, Jack Bailey

    1948-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    T and Charaoteristios of Various Expenditures ~ ~ 7 III. Bases for Expenditure Classifioationi ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ r ~ ' ~ IV ~ Methods of kooountiag for Capital and Revenue Expenditure( ~ ~ I CkPITLL ERE RKVRRUm bXPLM)ITURkiS ISTRORUGTIOR kn ?ttonpt will be made... not tahe tho plass of asy asset or part of aa asset already onistiag Ln a business, but give tho already sainting fined asset ealues an a44ed physioal value whioh they did not previously possess ~ Additions rosoable original oost in that both...

  3. 2014-11-26 Issuance: Test Procedures for Miscellaneous Refrigeration...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    11-26 Issuance: Test Procedures for Miscellaneous Refrigeration Products; Notice of Proposed Rulemaking 2014-11-26 Issuance: Test Procedures for Miscellaneous Refrigeration...

  4. ISSUANCE 2014-12-29: Energy Conservation Program: Clarification...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Documents & Publications 2014-06-18 Issuance: Test Procedure for Integrated Light-Emitting Diode Lamps; Supplemental Notice of Proposed Rulemaking 2014-04-11 Issuance: Energy...

  5. 2014-10-16 Issuance: Energy Conservation Program Test Procedures...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    16 Issuance: Energy Conservation Program Test Procedures for Residential Clothes Dryers, Notice of Public Meeting 2014-10-16 Issuance: Energy Conservation Program Test Procedures...

  6. 2014-04-10 Issuance: Test Procedures for Commercial Refrigeration...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    0 Issuance: Test Procedures for Commercial Refrigeration Equipment; Final Rule 2014-04-10 Issuance: Test Procedures for Commercial Refrigeration Equipment; Final Rule This document...

  7. 2014-10-29 Issuance: Energy Conservation Program: Test Procedures...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    29 Issuance: Energy Conservation Program: Test Procedures for External Power Supplies, Notice of Public Meeting 2014-10-29 Issuance: Energy Conservation Program: Test Procedures...

  8. ISSUANCE 2014-12-05: Energy Conservation Standards for Commercial...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    ISSUANCE 2014-12-05: Energy Conservation Standards for Commercial Clothes Washers Final Rule ISSUANCE 2014-12-05: Energy Conservation Standards for Commercial Clothes Washers Final...

  9. 2014-12-12 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standard for SPVUs;...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    12 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standard for SPVUs; Notice of Proposed Rulemaking and Announcement of Public Meeting 2014-12-12 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standard for SPVUs;...

  10. ISSUANCE 2014-12-31: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    ISSUANCE 2014-12-31: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Automatic Commercial Ice Makers, Final Rule ISSUANCE 2014-12-31: Energy Conservation Program:...

  11. ISSUANCE: 2014-12-03 Energy Conservation Standards for Commercial...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    ISSUANCE: 2014-12-03 Energy Conservation Standards for Commercial and Industrial Fans and Blowers: Availability of Provisional Analysis Tools ISSUANCE: 2014-12-03 Energy...

  12. 2014-12-05 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standard for General...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    12-05 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standard for General Service Lamps; Notice of Public Meeting and Availability of the Preliminary Technical Support Document 2014-12-05 Issuance:...

  13. 2015-02-10 Issuance Energy Conservation Standard for Residential...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    5-02-10 Issuance Energy Conservation Standard for Residential Furnaces; Notice of Proposed Rulemaking and Public Meeting 2015-02-10 Issuance Energy Conservation Standard for...

  14. 2014-02-28 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standards for Commercial...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    2-28 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standards for Commercial Refrigeration Equipment; Final Rule 2014-02-28 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standards for Commercial Refrigeration...

  15. ISSUANCE 2014-12-11: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    ISSUANCE 2014-12-11: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Dishwashers, Notice of Proposed Rulemaking ISSUANCE 2014-12-11: Energy Conservation...

  16. 2014-06-25 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    6-25 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Furnace Fans; Final Rule 2014-06-25 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Furnace Fans; Final Rule...

  17. 2014-03-07 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standards for Automatic...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    07 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standards for Automatic Commercial Ice Makers; Notice of Proposed Rulemaking 2014-03-07 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standards for Automatic...

  18. 2014-12-30 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standard for General...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    2014-12-30 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standard for General Service Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector Lamps; Final Rule 2014-12-30 Issuance: Energy Conservation...

  19. 2014-09-19 Issuance: Energy Conservation Program for Consumer...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    9 Issuance: Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products: Test Procedure for Ceiling Fans;NOPR 2014-09-19 Issuance: Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products: Test...

  20. 2014-02-03 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standards for External...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    3 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standards for External Power Supplies; Final Rule 2014-02-03 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standards for External Power Supplies; Final Rule This...

  1. 2014-10-20 Issuance: ASRAC Regional Standards Enforcement Working...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    2014-10-20 Issuance: ASRAC Regional Standards Enforcement Working Group; Notice of Open Meeting 2014-10-20 Issuance: ASRAC Regional Standards Enforcement Working Group; Notice of...

  2. 2014-10-14 Issuance: Test Procedures Correction for Fluorescent...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    of Proposed Rulemaking 2014-06-18 Issuance: Test Procedure for Integrated Light-Emitting Diode Lamps; Supplemental Notice of Proposed Rulemaking 2014-04-11 Issuance: Energy...

  3. Electric sales and revenue 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Electric Sales and Revenue is prepared by the Electric Power Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels; Energy Information Administration (EIA); US Department of Energy. Information is provided on electricity sales, associated revenue, average revenue per kilowatthour sold, and number of consumers throughout the US. The data provided in the Electric Sales and Revenue are presented at the national, Census division, State, and electric utility levels. The information is based on annual data reported by electric utilities for the calendar year ending December 31, 1997. 16 figs., 17 tabs.

  4. Electric sales and revenue 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Electric Sales and Revenue is prepared by the Coal and Electric Data and Renewables Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels; Energy Information Administration (EIA); US Department of Energy. Information is provided on electricity sales, associated revenue, average revenue per kilowatthour sold, and number of consumers throughout the United States. The data provided in the Electric Sales and Revenue are presented at the national, Census division, State, and electric utility levels. The information is based on annual data reported by electric utilities for the calendar year ending December 31, 1994.

  5. FOUNDATION REVENUE OBJECT CODES LSU Foundation Revenue Object Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harms, Kyle E.

    FOUNDATION REVENUE OBJECT CODES 4 page 1 LSU Foundation Revenue Object Codes 0F00 Foundation - Balance Forward 0F01 Foundation - Other Contributions 0F02 Foundation - State of Louisiana 0F03 Foundation - Corporate Contributions 0F04 Foundation - Corporate Match Contributions 0F05 Foundation - Individual

  6. Nuclear Regulatory Commission issuances: June 1995. Volume 41, Number 6

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report includes the issuances received during the specified period from the Commission (CLI), the Atomic Safety and Licensing Boards (LBP), the Administrative Law Judges (ALJ), the Directors` Decisions (DD), and the Decision on Petitions for Rulemaking (DPRM). This report contains four issuances by the CLI, 5 issuances by the LBP, and 1 issuance by the DD.

  7. Nuclear Regulatory Commission Issuances. Volume 45, No. 3

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report includes the issuances received in March 1997. Issuances are from the Commission, the Atomic Safety and Licensing Boards, and the Directors` Decisions. 10 issuances were received: Louisiana Energy Services (2 issuances); Illinois Power Company and Soyland Power Cooperative; Ralph. L. Tetrick; University of Cincinnati; Consumers Power Company; Entergy Operations, Inc.; Georgia Power Company; Westinghouse Electric Corporation; and Wisconsin Electric Power Company. No issuances were received from the the Administrative Law Judges or the Decisions on Petitions for Rulemaking.

  8. Electric sales and revenue 1992, April 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The Electric Sales and Revenue is prepared by the Survey Management Division, Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels; Energy Information Administration (EIA); US Department of Energy. This publication provides information about sales of electricity, its associated revenue, and the average revenue per kilowatthour sold to residential, commercial, industrial, and other consumers throughout the United States. The sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour provided in the Electric Sales and Revenue are based on annual data reported by electric utilities for the calendar year ending December 31, 1992. The electric revenue reported by each electric utility includes the applicable revenue from kilowatthours sold; revenue from income; unemployment and other State and local taxes; energy, demand, and consumer service charges; environmental surcharges; franchise fees; fuel adjustments; and other miscellaneous charges. The revenue does not include taxes, such as sales and excise taxes, that are assessed on the consumer and collected through the utility. Average revenue per kilowatthour is defined as the cost per unit of electricity sold and is calculated by dividing retail sales into the associated electric revenue. The sales of electricity, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour provided in this report are presented at the national, Census division, State, and electric utility levels.

  9. 2014-07-08 Issuance: ASRAC Manufactured Housing Working Group...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    7-08 Issuance: ASRAC Manufactured Housing Working Group; Notice of Membership 2014-07-08 Issuance: ASRAC Manufactured Housing Working Group; Notice of Membership This document is a...

  10. 2014-07-08 Issuance: ASRAC Regional Enforcement Working Group...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    7-08 Issuance: ASRAC Regional Enforcement Working Group; Notice of Membership 2014-07-08 Issuance: ASRAC Regional Enforcement Working Group; Notice of Membership This document is a...

  11. ENVIRONMENTAL REVENUE STREAMS FOR COMBINED HEAT AND POWER | Department...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    ENVIRONMENTAL REVENUE STREAMS FOR COMBINED HEAT AND POWER ENVIRONMENTAL REVENUE STREAMS FOR COMBINED HEAT AND POWER ENVIRONMENTAL REVENUE STREAMS FOR COMBINED HEAT AND POWER...

  12. Utility-Based Revenue Streams- Notes

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Better Buildings Neighborhood Program October 2011 Workshop Summary of Revenue Streams from Breakout Sessions (11/20/11).

  13. Budget/Object Codes -REVENUE Budget/Object Codes -REVENUE BUDGET/OBJECT BUDGET/OBJECT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Selmic, Sandra

    Budget/Object Codes -REVENUE Budget/Object Codes - REVENUE BUDGET/OBJECT BUDGET/OBJECT BUDGET CODE DESCRIPTION BUDGET CODE DESCRIPTION 01 30 0101 On-Campus-Full Time 3001 Federal Program 0102 On APPROPRIATIONS #12;Budget/Object Codes -REVENUE Budget/Object Codes - REVENUE BUDGET/OBJECT BUDGET/OBJECT BUDGET

  14. Nuclear Regulatory Commission issuances, Volume 44, No. 4

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report includes the issuances received in October 1996. Issuances are from the Commission, the Atomic Safety and Licensing Boards, and the Directors` Decisions. 15 issuances were received and are abstracted individually in the database: Louisiana Energy Services, U.S. Enrichment Corporation, Yankee Atomic Electric Company, General Public Utilities Nuclear Corporation, James L. Shelton, Juan Guzman, Northern States Power Company, TESTCO Inc., Washington Public Power Supply System, all nuclear plants, Cleveland Electric Illuminating Company, Duke Power Company, Florida Power Corporation, and Northeast Nuclear Energy Company (2 issuances). No issuances were received from the the Administrative Law Judges or the Decisions on Petitions for Rulemaking.

  15. Indexes to Nuclear Regulatory Commission Issuances, January--June 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report indexes the issuances heard and ruled upon from January through June 1997. Issuances are from the Commission, the Atomic Safety and Licensing Boards, the Administrative Law Judges, the Directors` Decisions, and the Decisions on Petitions for Rulemaking. Information provided for each case includes the case name, full test reference, issuance number, issues raised by appellants, legal citations, facility name and docket number, subject matter of issues and/or rulings, type of hearing, and type of issuance. Each issuance is displayed in one or more of five separate formats: (1) case name index, (2) headers and digests, (3) legal citations index, (4) subject index, and (5) facility index.

  16. Aggregate Issuance and Savings Waves Andrea Eisfeldt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haller, Gary L.

    is as follows: Firms which raise costly external finance can invest the issuance proceeds in productive capital. Our study is aimed at providing an estimate of a "revealed preference" measure of the aggregate cost their sources and uses of funds in order to make inferences about the aggregate cost of external finance

  17. 2014-03-06 Issuance: Test Procedures for Packaged Terminal Air...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Issuance: Test Procedures for Packaged Terminal Air Conditioners and Packaged Terminal Heat Pumps; Notice of Proposed Rulemaking 2014-03-06 Issuance: Test Procedures for...

  18. 2014-01-31 Issuance: Test Procedures for Commercial Clothes Washers...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    01-31 Issuance: Test Procedures for Commercial Clothes Washers; Notice of Proposed Rulemaking 2014-01-31 Issuance: Test Procedures for Commercial Clothes Washers; Notice of...

  19. 2014-06-23 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standards for Walk-in...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    23 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standards for Walk-in Coolers and Freezers; Air-Conditioning, Heating, & Refrigeration Institute Petition for Reconsideration 2014-06-23 Issuance:...

  20. 2014-05-08 Issuance: Energy Efficiency Improvements in ANSI/ASHRAE...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    05-08 Issuance: Energy Efficiency Improvements in ANSIASHRAEIES Standard 90.1-2013; Preliminary Determination 2014-05-08 Issuance: Energy Efficiency Improvements in ANSIASHRAE...

  1. 2014-05-05 Issuance: Test Procedures for High-Intensity Discharge...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Documents & Publications 2014-05-16 Issuance: Test Procedures for Integrated Light-Emitting Diode Lamps; Supplemental Notice of Proposed Rulemaking 2014-06-18 Issuance: Test...

  2. 2014-05-16 Issuance: Test Procedures for Integrated Light-Emitting...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    16 Issuance: Test Procedures for Integrated Light-Emitting Diode Lamps; Supplemental Notice of Proposed Rulemaking 2014-05-16 Issuance: Test Procedures for Integrated...

  3. Nuclear Regulatory Commission issuances. Volume 47, Number 3

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report includes the issuances received during the specified period from the Commission (CLI), the Atomic Safety and Licensing Boards (LBP), the Administrative Law Judges (ALJ), the Directors` Decisions (DD), and the Decisions on Petitions for Rulemaking (DPRM). The two issuances included here are: (1) the Commission issuance to the US Enrichment Corporation and (2) the Director`s Decision to the North Atlantic Energy Service Corporation.

  4. Qualified Energy Conservation Bond (QECB) Update: New Guidance...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    the U.S. Department of Treasury and the Internal Revenue Service Qualified Energy Conservation Bond (QECB) Update: New Guidance from the U.S. Department of Treasury and the...

  5. Indexes to Nuclear Regulatory Commission issuances, July--December 1995

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Digests and indexes for issuances of the NRC, the Atomic Safety and Licensing Board, the Administrative Law Judges, the Directors` Decisions, and the Decisions on Petitions for Rulemaking are presented in this document. These digests and indexes are intended to serve as a guide to the issuances. Information elements common to the cases heard and ruled upon are: (1) case name, (2) full text reference, (3) issuance number, (4) issued raised by appellants, (5) legal citations, (6) name of facility and Docket number, (7) subject matter, (8) type of hearing, and (9) type of issuance.

  6. 2014-08-28 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standards for Packaged...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Conservation Standards for Packaged Terminal Air Conditioners and Packaged Terminal Heat Pumps; Notice of Proposed Rulemaking and Public Meeting 2014-08-28 Issuance: Energy...

  7. 2014-10-30 Issuance: Energy Conservation Program: Energy Conservation...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Program: Energy Conservation Standards for Residential Central Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps, Request for Information 2014-10-30 Issuance: Energy Conservation Program:...

  8. Issuance, Control and Use of Badges, Passes and Credentials

    Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]

    1988-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

    The order establishes and prescribes DOE policies and procedures for the issuance. control. and use of badges. passes, and credentials. Cancels DOE 5631.3.

  9. 2014-05-05 Issuance: Alternative Efficiency Determination Methods...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Alternative Efficiency Determination Methods and Test Procedures for Walk-In Coolers and Walk-In Freezers; Final Rule 2014-05-05 Issuance: Alternative Efficiency Determination...

  10. 2014-02-07 Issuance: Alternative Efficiency Determination Methods...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Alternative Efficiency Determination Methods and Test Procedures for Walk-In Coolers and Walk-In Freezers; Supplemental Notice of Proposed Rulemaking 2014-02-07 Issuance:...

  11. 2014-04-11 Issuance: Test Procedures for Residential Clothes...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Test Procedures for Residential Clothes Washers; Notice of Proposed Rulemaking 2014-04-11 Issuance: Test Procedures for Residential Clothes Washers; Notice of Proposed Rulemaking...

  12. 2014-02-07 Issuance: Certification of Commercial Heating, Ventilation...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Certification of Commercial Heating, Ventilation, and Air-conditioning, Water Heating, and Refrigeration Equipment; Notice of Proposed Rulemaking 2014-02-07 Issuance: Certification...

  13. 2014-06-09 Issuance: Regional Standards Enforcement Working Group...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Regulatory Negotiations Convening on Commercial Certification for Heating, Ventilating, Air-Conditioning, and Refrigeration Equipment 2014-06-09 Issuance: Manufactured Housing...

  14. ISSUANCE 2014-12-23: Energy Conservation Program for Certain...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Equipment: Energy Conservation Standards and Test Procedures for Commercial Heating, Air-Conditioning, and Water-Heating Equipment, Notice of Proposed Rulemaking ISSUANCE...

  15. 2014-05-08 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standards for Commercial...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Commercial and Industrial Electric Motors; Final Rule 2014-05-08 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standards for Commercial and Industrial Electric Motors; Final Rule This document is...

  16. 2014-02-21 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standards for Commercial...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Energy Conservation Standards for Commercial Clothes Washers; Notice of Proposed Rulemaking 2014-02-21 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standards for Commercial Clothes Washers;...

  17. 2014-04-11 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standards for General...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Energy Conservation Standards for General Service Fluorescent Lamps and Incandescent Reflector Lamps; Notice of Proposed Rulemaking 2014-04-11 Issuance: Energy Conservation...

  18. Nuclear Regulatory Commission Issuances, Volume 44, No. 5

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report includes the issuances received in November 1996. Issuances are from the Commission, the Atomic Safety and Licensing Boards, and the Directors` Decisions. Seven issuances were received and are abstracted individually in the database: Emerick S. McDaniel, U.S. Enrichment Corporation, Sequoyah Fuels Corporation and General Atomics, all power reactor licensees, Florida Power and Light Company, Maine Yankee Atomic Power Company, and Northern States Power Company. No issuances were received from the the Administrative Law Judges or the Decisions on Petitions for Rulemaking.

  19. 2014-08-19 Issuance Appliance Standards and Rulemaking Federal...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    2014-08-19 Issuance Appliance Standards and Rulemaking Federal Advisory Committee (ASRAC) - Central Air Conditioner Regional Standards Enforcement Working Group; Notice of Open...

  20. Ak-Chin Electric Utility Authority (Arizona) EIA Revenue and...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    81 Residential Sales (MWh) 647 Residential Consumers 290 Commercial Revenue(Thousand ) 168.985 Commercial Sales (MWh) 2306 Commercial Consumers 81 Industrial Revenue (Thousand )...

  1. Study Shows Active Power Controls from Wind May Increase Revenues...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Study Shows Active Power Controls from Wind May Increase Revenues and Improve System Reliability Study Shows Active Power Controls from Wind May Increase Revenues and Improve...

  2. Mineral Recovery Creates Revenue Stream for Geothermal Energy...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Mineral Recovery Creates Revenue Stream for Geothermal Energy Development Mineral Recovery Creates Revenue Stream for Geothermal Energy Development January 21, 2014 - 12:00am...

  3. Financing and Revenue: Crowd Funding: Enabling Small Investors...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Financing and Revenue: Crowd Funding: Enabling Small Investors to Help Fund Business Loans for E3 Upgrades Peer Exchange Call Financing and Revenue: Crowd Funding: Enabling Small...

  4. Central Illinois Pub Serv Co (Illinois) EIA Revenue and Sales...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Commercial Sales (MWh) 128656 Commercial Consumers 48190 Industrial Revenue (Thousand ) 871 Industrial Sales (MWh) 14240 Industrial Consumers 485 Other Revenue (Thousand ) 70...

  5. 4-County Electric Power Assn (Mississippi) EIA Revenue and Sales...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Residential Revenue(Thousand ) 5629 Residential Sales (MWh) 49312 Residential Consumers 35980 Commercial Revenue(Thousand ) 2031 Commercial Sales (MWh) 15395 Commercial Consumers...

  6. Nuclear Regulatory Commission issuances, January 1995. Volume 41, Number 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This book contains issuances of the Atomic Safety and Licensing Boards for January 1995. The issuances include Babcock and Wilcox Company materials license; Hydro Resources, Inc. application for uranium mining; low-level waste storage in Utah; communication of emerging and existing generic, technical issues with PWR owners groups; and radioactive waste management by Sierra Nuclear Corporation.

  7. Cargo revenue management for space logistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Armar, Nii A

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis covers the development of a framework for the application of revenue management, specifically capacity control, to space logistics for use in the optimization of mission cargo allocations, which in turn affect ...

  8. Revenue impacts of airline yield management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mak, Chung Yu

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the highly competitive airline industry today, Yield or Revenue Management is extremely important to the survival of any carrier. Since fares are generally matched by all carriers to be competitive, the ability of an ...

  9. July 18, 2012 Qualified Energy Conservation Bond (QECB) Update: New

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    July 18, 2012 Qualified Energy Conservation Bond (QECB) Update: New Guidance from the U.S. Department of Treasury and the Internal Revenue Service Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (QECBs a range of energy conservation projects at very attractive borrowing rates over long contract terms

  10. Clean renewable energy bonds (CREBs) present a low-cost opportunity for public entities to issue bonds to finance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clean renewable energy bonds (CREBs) present a low-cost opportunity for public entities to issue bonds to finance renewable energy projects. The federal government lowers the cost of debt by providing created under the Energy Tax Incentives Act of 2005 (and detailed in Internal Revenue Code Section 54

  11. Nuclear Regulatory Commission issuances, February 1996: Volume 43, No. 2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report includes the issuances received during the specified period from the Commission (CLI), the Atomic Safety and Licensing Boards (LBP), the Administrative Law Judges (ALJ), the Directors` Decisions (DD), and the Decisions on Petitions for Rulemaking (DPRM).

  12. Nuclear Regulatory Commission issuances, April 1994. Volume 39, No. 4

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report includes the issuances received during the specified period from the Commission (CLI), the Atomic Safety and Licensing Boards (LBP), the Administrative Law Judges (ALJ), the Directors` Decisions (DD), and the Denials of Petitions for Rulemaking (DPRM).

  13. Nuclear Regulatory Commission issuances. Volume 42, No. 4

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report includes the issuances received during the specified period from the Commission (CLI), the Atomic Safety and Licensing Boards (LBP), the Administrative Law Judges (ALJ), the Directors` Decisions (DD), and the Decisions on Petitions for Rulemaking (DPRM).

  14. Nuclear Regulatory Commission issuances. Volume 38, No. 2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report includes the issuances received during the specified period from the commission (CLI), the Atomic Safety and Licensing Boards (LBP), the Administrative Law Judges (ALJ), the Directors; Decisions (DD), and the Denials of Petitions for Rulemaking (DPRM).

  15. Nuclear Regulatory Commission issuances, December 1993. Volume 38, No. 6

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This report includes the issuances received during the specified period from the Commission (CLI), the Atomic Safety and Licensing Boards (LBP), the Administrative Law Judges (ALJ), the Directors` Decisions (DD), and the Denials of Petitions for Rulemaking (DPRM).

  16. Nuclear Regulatory Commission Issuances. Volume 39, No. 2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report includes the issuances received during the specified period from the Commission (CLI), the Atomic Safety and Licensing Boards (LBP), the Administrative Law Judges (ALJ), the Director`s Decisions (DD), and the Denials of Petitions for Rulemaking (DPRM).

  17. Finding of No Significant Impact for the Proposed Issuance of...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Impact for the Proposed Issuance of an Easement to the Public Service Company of New Mexico for the Construction and Operation of a 120inch Natural Gas Pipeline Within Los Alamos...

  18. Nuclear Regulatory Commission issuances, January 1997. Volume 45, Number 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This book contains issuances of the Atomic Safety and Licensing Board, Nuclear Regulatory Commission and Director`s Decision for January 1997. The issuances concern Sequoyah Fuels Corporation and General Atomics Gore, Oklahoma Site decontamination and decommissioning funding; Louisiana Energy Services, Claiborne Enrichment Center denies appeal to review emergency planning; General Public Utilities Nuclear Corporation, Oyster Creek Nuclear Generating station, challenges to technical specifications concerning spent fuel pool; and Consumers Power Company, Palisades Nuclear Plant dry cask storage of spent nuclear fuel.

  19. 2015-02-13 Issuance: Test Procedure for Furnaces and Boilers...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    2015-02-13 Issuance: Test Procedure for Furnaces and Boilers; Notice of Proposed Rulemaking 2015-02-13 Issuance: Test Procedure for Furnaces and Boilers; Notice of Proposed...

  20. 2014-11-24 Issuance: Test Procedures for Commercial Clothes Washers...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    1-24 Issuance: Test Procedures for Commercial Clothes Washers; Final Rule 2014-11-24 Issuance: Test Procedures for Commercial Clothes Washers; Final Rule This document is a...

  1. 2014-10-27 Issuance: Test Procedure for Ceiling Fan Light Kits...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    27 Issuance: Test Procedure for Ceiling Fan Light Kits; Notice of Proposed Rulemaking 2014-10-27 Issuance: Test Procedure for Ceiling Fan Light Kits; Notice of Proposed Rulemaking...

  2. Equitable Carbon Revenue Distribution Under an International Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    No. 5 Equitable Carbon Revenue Distribution Under an International Emissions Trading Regime Nathan INSTITUTE University of Massachusetts Amherst #12;Equitable Carbon Revenue Distribution Under an International Emissions Trading Regime Nathan E. Hultman and Daniel M. Kammen Energy & Resources Group Goldman

  3. 2013 Revenue for Delivery Service Providers

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQProved Reserves,0050516,"AL",10610,"Albertville Municipal UtilsResidential (Data fromRevenue

  4. Mineral revenues: the 1983 report on receipts from Federal and Indian leases with summary data from 1920 to 1983

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Tables and figures abound for: mineral revenue management in 1983; offshore federal mineral revenues; onshore federal mineral revenues; Indian mineral revenues; distribution of federal and Indian mineral revenues; plus appended lease management data. (PSB)

  5. Nuclear Regulatory Commission Issuances: February 1995. Volume 41, Number 2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This book contains an issuance of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission and a Director`s Decision. The issuance concerns consideration by the Commission of appeals from both the Initial Decision and a Reconsideration Order issued by the Presiding Officer involving two materials license amendment applications filed by the University of Missouri. The Director`s Decision from the Office of Enforcement denies petitions filed by Northeast Utilities employees requesting that accelerated enforcement action be taken against Northeast Utilities for activities concerned with NU`s fitness-for-duty program.

  6. Revenue From Contractor Fees | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartment of Energy fromComments onReplyofRetiring ProcurementReturn onRevenue From

  7. 2013 Non-Utility Power Producers- Revenue

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines AboutDecemberSteam Coal Import CostsLiquids Reserve3. LightingImports35 2013 Flow5Revenue

  8. 2013 Total Electric Industry- Revenue (Thousands Dollars)

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelines AboutDecemberSteam Coal Import CostsLiquids Reserve3.Revenue (Thousands Dollars) (Data

  9. Nuclear Regulatory Commission issuances. Volume 47, Number 2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report includes the issuances received during the specified period from the Commission (CLI), the Atomic Safety and Licensing Boards (LBP), the Administrative Law Judges (ALJ), the Directors` Decisions (DD), and the Decisions on Petitions for Rulemaking (DPRM). They involve: 21st Century Technologies, Inc.; Hydro Resources, Inc.; Northeast Utilities; and Northern States Power Company.

  10. Nuclear Regulatory Commission issuances. Volume 46, Number 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report includes the issuances received during the specified period from the Commission (CLI), the Atomic Safety and Licensing Boards (LBP), the Administrative Law Judges (ALJ), the Directors` Decisions (DD), and the Decisions on Petitions for Rulemaking (DPRM). The summaries and headnotes preceding the opinions reported herein are not to be deemed a part of those opinions or have any independent legal significance.

  11. Nuclear Regulatory Commission issuances: Volume 46, Number 6

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report includes the issuances received during the specified period from the Commission (CLI), the Atomic Safety and Licensing Boards (LBP), the Administrative Law Judges (ALJ), the Directors` Decision (DD), and the Decision on Petitions for Rulemaking (DPRM). The summaries and headnotes preceding the opinions reported herein are not to be deemed a part of those opinions or have any independent legal significance.

  12. Tracking and Using Data to Support Revenue Streams | Department...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Documents & Publications Lender-Based Revenues and Cost-Savings Trends in Contractor Conversion Rates Better Buildings Residential Network: Lessons Learned: Peer Exchange Calls...

  13. Ak-Chin Electric Utility Authority (Arizona) EIA Revenue and...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    ) 2.674 Industrial Sales (MWh) 80 Industrial Consumers 45 Total Revenue (Thousand ) 132.759 Total Sales (MWh) 1919 Total Consumers 416 Source: Energy Information Administration....

  14. 2014-05-08 Issuance: Test Procedures for Battery Chargers; Notice...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Test Procedures for Battery Chargers; Notice of Data Availability 2014-05-08 Issuance: Test Procedures for Battery Chargers; Notice of Data Availability This document is a...

  15. 2015-02-12 Issuance: Test Procedures for Portable Air Conditioners...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Test Procedures for Portable Air Conditioners; Notice of Proposed Rulemaking 2015-02-12 Issuance: Test Procedures for Portable Air Conditioners; Notice of Proposed Rulemaking...

  16. Reading the GL008 Revenue & Expense Activity report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shull, Kenneth R.

    Reading the GL008 Revenue & Expense Activity report Cognos FMS111 Reporting 7/23/13 - rb Reading the GL008 ­ job aid NEED HELP? Call 847-491-HELP consultant@northwestern.edu © 2013 Northwestern University Page 1 of 2 The GL008 Revenue and Expense Activity Report displays all transactions affecting

  17. Revenue and Expense Activity (GL008) Enhancement Update

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shull, Kenneth R.

    Cognos Revenue and Expense Activity (GL008) Enhancement Update GL008EnhancementsApril2012 Last Updated 5/7/2012 - mac © 2012 Northwestern University Cognos Reports 1 of 2 GL008 Enhancements for Sponsored Projects As of May 7, 2012, the Revenue and Expense Activity Report (GL008) has two enhancements

  18. Nuclear Regulatory Commission issuances, April 1995. Volume 41, Number 4

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This book contains issuances of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission and of the Atomic Safety and Licensing Boards, and an issuance of the Director`s decision. The issuances concern a petition filed by Dr. James E Bauer seeking interlocutory Commission review of the Atomic Safety and Licensing Board`s order imposing several restrictions on Dr. Bauer; a denial of an Interveners` Petition for Review addressing the application of Babcock and Wilcox for a renewal of its Special Nuclear Materials License; granting a motion for a protective order, by Sequoyah Fuel Corporation and General Atomics, limiting the use of the protected information to those individuals participating in the litigation and for the purposes of the litigation only; granting a Petitioner`s petition for leave to intervene and request for a hearing concerning Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech Research Reactor) renewal of a facility license; and a denial of a petition filed by Mr. Ted Dougherty requesting a shutdown of the San Onofre Nuclear Generating Station based on concerns regarding the vulnerability of the plant to earthquakes and defensibility of the plant to a terrorist threat.

  19. New approaches for integrating revenue and supply chain management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elmachtoub, Adam Nabil

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    First, we describe a general framework called online customer selection that describes natural settings where suppliers must actively select which customer requests to serve. Unlike traditional revenue management models ...

  20. Nuclear Regulatory Commission Issuances: Opinions and decisions of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission with selected orders. Progress report, January 1, 1996--June 30, 1996. Volume 43, pages 1-358

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The hardbound edition of the Nuclear Regulatory Issuances is a final compilation of the monthly issuances. It includes all legal precedents for the agency within a six month period. This is the forty-third volume of issuances.

  1. Nuclear Regulatory Commission issuances. Volume 44, Number 3

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report includes issuances received during September 1996. After reviewing in detail each of the claims made in this informal proceeding the presiding officer sustained the staff of the USNRC in its determination that the applicant did not pass the written portion of his examination to become a licensed operator of a nuclear power plant. In the proceeding concerning citizen group challenges to the decommissioning plan for the Rowe Yankee power station, the licensing board grants licensee Yankee Atomic Electric Company`s motion for summary disposition.

  2. Investing in Bonds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Jason; Polk, Wade

    2002-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Bonds, which are issued by governments and corporations, can be an important part of one's investment portfolio. U.S. government bonds, municipal bonds, zero-coupon bonds and other types are described. Also learn strategies for coping with inflation...

  3. CEQ 's Response to a Petition for Rulemaking and Issuance of...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    's Response to a Petition for Rulemaking and Issuance of Guidance to Require Inclusion of Climate Change Analyses in NEPA Documents CEQ 's Response to a Petition for Rulemaking and...

  4. 2014-05-08 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standards for Walk-in...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Walk-in Coolers and Freezers; Final Rule 2014-05-08 Issuance: Energy Conservation Standards for Walk-in Coolers and Freezers; Final Rule This document is a pre-publication Federal...

  5. ORS 522.135 Permit Time Limit for Action, Grounds for Issuance...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Legal Document- StatuteStatute: ORS 522.135 Permit Time Limit for Action, Grounds for Issuance, Conditions, and Fees for Geothermal...

  6. H.A.R. 19-102 - Fee Schedule for the Issuance of a Permit to...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    H.A.R. 19-102 - Fee Schedule for the Issuance of a Permit to Perform Work on State HighwaysLegal Abstract This regulation outlines the fee schedule for the...

  7. Indexes to Nuclear Regulatory Commission issuances, July--December 1996. Volume 44, Index 2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Digests and indexes for issuances of the Commission (CLI), the Atomic Safety and Licensing Board Panel (LBP), the Administrative Law Judges (ALJ), the Directors` Decisions (DD), and the Decision on Petitions for Rulemaking (DPRM) are presented in this document. These digests and indexes are intended to serve as a guide to the issuances. Information elements common to the cases heard and ruled upon are: case name (owner(s) of facility); full text reference (volume and pagination); issuance number; issues raised by apellants; legal citations (cases, regulations, and statutes); name of facility, docket number; subject matter of issues and/or rulings; type of hearing (operating license, operating license amendment, etc.); type of issuance (memorandum, order, decision, etc.).

  8. Peer Exchange Call on Financing and Revenue: Bond Funding | Department of

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarly Careerlumens_placard-green.epsEnergy1.pdf MoreEnergyEnergy Amendment(a)

  9. Indexes to Nuclear Regulatory Commission Issuances, July--December 1993. Volume 38, Index 2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Digests and indexes for issuances of the Commission (CLI), the Atomic Safety and Licensing Board Panel (LBP), the Administrative Law Judges (ALJ), the Directors` Decisions (DD), and the Denials of Petitions for Rulemaking (DPRM) are presented in this document. These digests and indexes are intended to serve as a guide to the issuances. These information elements are displayed in one or more of five separate formats arranged as follows: Case Name Index; Digests and Headers; Legal Citations Index; Subject Index, and Facility Index.

  10. Indexes to Nuclear Regulatory Commission issuances, January--June 1995. Volume 41, Index 2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Digests and indexes for issuances of the Commission (CLI), the Atomic Safety and Licensing Board Panel (LBP), the Administrative Law Judges (ALJ), the directors` Decisions (DD), and the Denials of Petitions for rulemaking (DPRM) are presented in this document. These digests and indexes are intended to serve as a guide to the issuances. The information elements are displayed in one or more of five separate formats arranged as follows: Case name index; digests and headers; legal citations index; subject index; and facility index.

  11. Revenue Maximization with Quality Assurance for Composite Web Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Mei, Rob

    Revenue Maximization with Quality Assurance for Composite Web Services Dani¨el Worm, Miroslav Abstract--Service composition is one of the major approaches in service oriented architecture (SOA) based systems. Due to the inherent stochastic nature of services execution environment the issue of composite

  12. Classifying Web Search Queries to Identify High Revenue Generating Customers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jansen, James

    searching, the set of terms for which a user searches is called the query. If a user enters a query and then clicks on a result, these query terms are embedded within the URL that is passed from the search engineClassifying Web Search Queries to Identify High Revenue Generating Customers Adan Ortiz-Cordova 329

  13. Total revenues up, profits down for OGJ400

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beck, R.J.; Biggs, J.B.

    1990-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

    After moving up sharply the previous 2 years, profits for the biggest 400 U.S. public oil and gas companies sagged in fiscal 1989. The total: $20.34 billion, down 8.6% from 1988. Revenues, however, gained 6.1% to $459.2 billion. Company-by-company financial results and operating statistics appear in this report.

  14. Alaska Electric Light&Power Co (Alaska) EIA Revenue and Sales...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for Alaska Electric Light&Power Co for February 2009. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2009-02 Utility...

  15. Alaska Electric Light&Power Co (Alaska) EIA Revenue and Sales...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Alaska) EIA Revenue and Sales - July 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for Alaska Electric Light&Power Co for July 2008. Monthly...

  16. Non-linear revenue creating business platform for IT service companies using cloud computing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinha, Prasanta, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Indian Information Technology (IT) & Business process outsourcing (BPO) companies are going through an inflection point. They have been growing revenue by over 20% on a yearly basis for the last decade. This revenue ...

  17. RUNTIME QoS CONTROL AND REVENUE OPTIMIZATION WITHIN SERVICE ORIENTED ARCHITECTURE.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van der Mei, Rob

    RUNTIME QoS CONTROL AND REVENUE OPTIMIZATION WITHIN SERVICE ORIENTED ARCHITECTURE. Miroslav Zivkovic. #12;RUNTIME QoS CONTROL AND REVENUE OPTIMIZATION WITHIN SERVICE ORIENTED ARCHITECTURE Miroslav AND REVENUE OPTIMIZATION WITHIN SERVICE ORIENTED ARCHITECTURE PROEFSCHRIFT ter verkrijging van de graad van

  18. Surety Bond Program (Maryland)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Surety Bond Program, a program of the Maryland Small Business Development Financing Authority, assists eligible small businesses in obtaining bid, performance or payment bonds necessary to...

  19. 2007 Wholesale Power Rate Case Initial Proposal : Revenue Requirement Study.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

    2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this Study is to establish the level of revenues from wholesale power rates necessary to recover, in accordance with sound business principles, the Federal Columbia River Power System (FCRPS) costs associated with the production, acquisition, marketing, and conservation of electric power. The generation revenue requirement includes: recovery of the Federal investment in hydro generation, fish and wildlife and conservation costs; Federal agencies' operations and maintenance (O&M) expenses allocated to power; capitalized contract expenses associated with non-Federal power suppliers such as Energy Northwest (EN); other power purchase expenses, such as short-term power purchases; power marketing expenses; cost of transmission services necessary for the sale and delivery of FCRPS power; and all other generation-related costs incurred by the Administrator pursuant to law.

  20. Methods for generating or increasing revenues from crops

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Copenhaver, Gregory P.; Keith, Kevin; Preuss, Daphne

    2007-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention provides methods of doing business and providing services. For example, methods of increasing the revenue of crops are provided. To this end, the method includes the use of a nucleic acid sequences of plant centromeres. This will permit construction of stably inherited recombinant DNA constructs and mini chromosomes which can serve as vectors for the construction of transgenic plant and animal cells.

  1. Bond Financing (New Jersey)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Bond financing is available to eligible businesses through the New Jersey Economic Development Authority, in the amount of $500,000 to $10 million. The bonds can be used to finance capital...

  2. Oil revenue and economic development case of Libyan economy (1970-2007).

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ali, Issa Saleh

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??This study aims to investigate different aspects of the relationship between oil revenues and economic development for the Libyan economy. To do so this thesis… (more)

  3. Alaska Electric Light&Power Co (Alaska) EIA Revenue and Sales...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    November 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for Alaska Electric Light&Power Co for November 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales...

  4. Alaska Electric Light&Power Co (Alaska) EIA Revenue and Sales...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    December 2008 Jump to: navigation, search EIA Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data for Alaska Electric Light&Power Co for December 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales...

  5. Exploring Opportunities for Energy Efficiency as a Revenue Stream in the Forward Capacity Markets

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Provides information for energy efficiency programs on the opportunities and challenges associated with participating in forward capacity markets and reliability pricing models as potential revenue streams.

  6. Bonding thermoplastic polymers

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wallow, Thomas I. (Fremont, CA); Hunter, Marion C. (Livermore, CA); Krafcik, Karen Lee (Livermore, CA); Morales, Alfredo M. (Livermore, CA); Simmons, Blake A. (San Francisco, CA); Domeier, Linda A. (Danville, CA)

    2008-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

    We demonstrate a new method for joining patterned thermoplastic parts into layered structures. The method takes advantage of case-II permeant diffusion to generate dimensionally controlled, activated bonding layers at the surfaces being joined. It is capable of producing bonds characterized by cohesive failure while preserving the fidelity of patterned features in the bonding surfaces. This approach is uniquely suited to production of microfluidic multilayer structures, as it allows the bond-forming interface between plastic parts to be precisely manipulated at micrometer length scales. The bond enhancing procedure is easily integrated in standard process flows and requires no specialized equipment.

  7. Nuclear Regulatory Commission issuances. Opinions and decisions of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission with selected orders, July 1, 1994--December 31, 1994. Volume 40, Pages 1--387

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The hardbound edition of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission Issuances is a final compilation of the monthly issuances. It includes all of the legal precedents for the agency within a six-month period. Any opinions, decisions, denials, memoranda and orders of the Commission inadvertently omitted from the monthly softbounds and any corrections submitted by the NRC legal staff to the printed softbound issuances are contained in the hardbound edition. Cross references in the text and indexes are to the NRCI page numbers which are the same as the page numbers in this publication. This book covers the following: issuances of the NRC; issuances of the Atomic Safety and Licensing Boards; and issuances of Directors` decisions.

  8. Examining issuance and pricing of Commercial Mortgage Backed Securities during the financial crisis of 2007-2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellch, Michael L. (Michael Joseph)

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Changes in the issuance of Commercial Mortgage Backed Securities are examined and contrasted with market events and policy action during the financial crisis of 2007-2009. Additionally, a sample of investment-grade Commercial ...

  9. Assessment of net lost revenue adjustment mechanisms for utility DSM programs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baxter, L.W.

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Utility shareholders can lose money on demand-side management (DSM) investments between rate cases. Several industry analysts argue that the revenues lost from utility DSM programs are an important financial disincentive to utility DSM investment. A key utility regulatory reform undertaken since 1989 allows utilities to recover the lost revenues incurred through successful operation of DSM programs. Explicitly defined net lost revenue adjustment (NLRA) mechanisms are states` preferred approach to lost revenue recovery from DSM programs. This report examines the experiences states and utilities are having with the NLRA approach. The report has three objectives. First, we determine whether NLRA is a feasible and successful approach to removing the lost-revenue disincentive to utility operation of DSM programs. Second, we identify the conditions linked to successful implementation of NLRA mechanisms in different states and assess whether NLRA has changed utility investment behavior. Third, we suggest improvements to NLRA mechanisms. We first identify states with NLRA mechanisms where utilities are recovering lost revenues from DSM programs. We interview staff at regulatory agencies in all these states and utility staff in four states. These interviews focus on the status of NLRA, implementation issues, DSM measurement issues, and NLRA results. We also analyze regulatory agency orders on NLRA, as well as associated testimony, reports, and utility lost revenue recovery filings. Finally, we use qualitative and quantitative indicators to assess NLRA`s effectiveness. Contrary to the concerns raised by some industry analysts, our results indicate NLRA is a feasible approach to the lost-revenue disincentive.

  10. Carbon Tax Revenue and the Budget Deficit: A Win-Win-Win Solution?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rausch, Sebastian

    Bush-era tax cuts are scheduled to expire at the end of 2012, leading to interest in raising revenue through a carbon tax. This revenue could be used to either cut other taxes or to avoid cuts in Federal programs. There ...

  11. Maximizing Cloud Providers Revenues via Energy Aware Allocation Policies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mazzucco, Michele; Deters, Ralph

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Cloud providers, like Amazon, offer their data centers' computational and storage capacities for lease to paying customers. High electricity consumption, associated with running a data center, not only reflects on its carbon footprint, but also increases the costs of running the data center itself. This paper addresses the problem of maximizing the revenues of Cloud providers by trimming down their electricity costs. As a solution allocation policies which are based on the dynamic powering servers on and off are introduced and evaluated. The policies aim at satisfying the conflicting goals of maximizing the users' experience while minimizing the amount of consumed electricity. The results of numerical experiments and simulations are described, showing that the proposed scheme performs well under different traffic conditions.

  12. Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    including materials science, chemistry, and biology. Highly covalent metal-oxygen multiple bonds (metal oxos) are the building blocks of metal oxides and have a bearing...

  13. BIOLOGICAL OPINION ON ISSUANCE OF INCIDENTAL HARASSMENT AUTHORIZATIONS FOR OIL AND GAS EXPLORATION ACTIVITIES IN THE CHUKCHI AND BEAUFORT SEAS IN 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #12;BIOLOGICAL OPINION ON ISSUANCE OF INCIDENTAL HARASSMENT AUTHORIZATIONS FOR OIL AND GAS..............................................................................................................84 i #12;BIOLOGICAL OPINION ON ISSUANCE OF INCIDENTAL HARASSMENT AUTHORIZATIONS FOR OIL AND GAS" permits under section 101(a)(5) of the Marine Mammal Protection Act, as amended, for certain oil and gas

  14. Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (QECBs) - State Issues &...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (QECBs) - State Issues & Approaches Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (QECBs) - State Issues & Approaches Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds...

  15. Wafer-Level Thermocompression Bonds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsau, Christine H.

    Thermocompression bonding of gold is a promising technique for achieving low temperature, wafer-level bonding without the application of an electric field or complicated pre-bond cleaning procedure. The presence of a ductile ...

  16. Modelling the performance of revenue management systems in different competitive environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dar, Maital

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the wake of contemporary widespread fare simplification in many major airline markets, this thesis is concerned with the possibilities and the potential for airline revenue management in less-differentiated fare ...

  17. Alaska Electric Light&Power Co (Alaska) EIA Revenue and Sales...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    August 2008. Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Data Short Name 2008-08 Utility Company Alaska Electric Light&Power Co (Alaska) Place Alaska Start Date 2008-08-01 End Date...

  18. Tradeoffs between revenue enhancements and emissions reductions with energy storage-coupled photovoltaics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heidel, Timothy David

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy storage has the potential to dramatically change the operation of photovoltaics by allowing for a delay between generation and use. This flexibility has the potential to impact both the revenue from generating ...

  19. Low Temperature Material Bonding Technique

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ramsey, J. Michael (Knoxville, TN); Foote, Robert S. (Oak Ridge, TN)

    2000-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

    A method of performing a lower temperature bonding technique to bond together two mating pieces of glass includes applying a sodium silicate aqueous solution between the two pieces.

  20. Low temperature material bonding technique

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ramsey, J. Michael (Knoxville, TN); Foote, Robert S. (Oak Ridge, TN)

    2002-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

    A method of performing a lower temperature bonding technique to bond together two mating pieces of glass includes applying a sodium silicate aqueous solution between the two pieces.

  1. Federal Offshore Statistics, 1993. Leasing, exploration, production, and revenue as of December 31, 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Francois, D.K.

    1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This document contains statistical data on the following: federal offshore lands; offshore leasing activity and status; offshore development activity; offshore production of crude oil and natural gas; federal offshore oil and natural gas sales volume and royalties; revenue from federal offshore leases; disbursement of federal offshore revenue; reserves and resource estimates of offshore oil and natural gas; oil pollution in US and international waters; and international activities and marine minerals. A glossary is included.

  2. The impact of federal revenue sharing on recreation and parks in Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Verinder, Sydney Henry

    1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to return power to the people and strengthen the state and local partners in our federal system. . ~ . a New Fed- eralism. " (Department of the Treasury, 1974a: 1) Revenue Sharing goes a step beyond block grants in giving states and localities autonomy... December 1974 Major Subject& Recreation and Resources Development THE Il&PACT OF FEDERAL REVENUE SHARING ON RECREATION AND PARKS IN TEXAS A Thesis by SYDNEY HENRY VERINDER Approved as to style and content by: ai . an of' Committee . ead...

  3. Green Infrastructure Bonds (Hawaii)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In July 2013, Hawaii enacted legislation allowing the Department of Business, Economic Development, and Tourism to issue Green Infrastructure Bonds to secture low-cost financing for clean energy...

  4. Bonding aerogels with polyurethanes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Matthews, F.M.; Hoffman, D.M.

    1989-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Aerogels, porous silica glasses with ultra-fine cell size (30nm), are made by a solution gelation (sol-gel) process. The resulting gel is critical point dried to densities from 0.15--0.60 g/cc. This material is machinable, homogeneous, transparent, coatable and bondable. To bond aerogel an adhesive should have long cure time, no attack on the aerogel structure, and high strength. Several epoxies and urethanes were examined to determine if they satisfied these conditions. Bond strengths above 13 psi were found with double bubble and DP-110 epoxies and XI-208/ODA-1000 and Castall U-2630 urethanes. Hardman Kalex Tough Stuff'' A-85 hardness urethane gave 18 psi bond strength. Hardman A-85, Tuff-Stuff'' was selected for further evaluation because it produced bond strengths comparable to the adherend cohesive strength. 5 refs., 2 figs.

  5. Water's Hydrogen Bond Strength

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin Chaplin

    2007-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Water is necessary both for the evolution of life and its continuance. It possesses particular properties that cannot be found in other materials and that are required for life-giving processes. These properties are brought about by the hydrogen bonded environment particularly evident in liquid water. Each liquid water molecule is involved in about four hydrogen bonds with strengths considerably less than covalent bonds but considerably greater than the natural thermal energy. These hydrogen bonds are roughly tetrahedrally arranged such that when strongly formed the local clustering expands, decreasing the density. Such low density structuring naturally occurs at low and supercooled temperatures and gives rise to many physical and chemical properties that evidence the particular uniqueness of liquid water. If aqueous hydrogen bonds were actually somewhat stronger then water would behave similar to a glass, whereas if they were weaker then water would be a gas and only exist as a liquid at sub-zero temperatures. The overall conclusion of this investigation is that water's hydrogen bond strength is poised centrally within a narrow window of its suitability for life.

  6. Financial sustainability in municipal solid waste management – Costs and revenues in Bahir Dar, Ethiopia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lohri, Christian Riuji, E-mail: christian.lohri@eawag.ch; Camenzind, Ephraim Joseph, E-mail: ephraimcamenzind@hotmail.com; Zurbrügg, Christian, E-mail: christian.zurbruegg@eawag.ch

    2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Highlights: • Cost-revenue analysis over 2 years revealed insufficient cost-recovery. • Expenses for motorized secondary collection increased by 82% over two years. • Low fee collection rate and reliance on only one revenue stream are problematic. • Different options for cost reduction and enhanced revenue streams are recommended. • Good public–private alliance is crucial to plan and implement improvement measures. - Abstract: Providing good solid waste management (SWM) services while also ensuring financial sustainability of the system continues to be a major challenge in cities of developing countries. Bahir Dar in northwestern Ethiopia outsourced municipal waste services to a private waste company in 2008. While this institutional change has led to substantial improvement in the cleanliness of the city, its financial sustainability remains unclear. Is the private company able to generate sufficient revenues from their activities to offset the costs and generate some profit? This paper presents a cost-revenue analysis, based on data from July 2009 to June 2011. The analysis reveals that overall costs in Bahir Dar’s SWM system increased significantly during this period, mainly due to rising costs related to waste transportation. On the other hand, there is only one major revenue stream in place: the waste collection fee from households, commercial enterprises and institutions. As the efficiency of fee collection from households is only around 50%, the total amount of revenues are not sufficient to cover the running costs. This results in a substantial yearly deficit. The results of the research therefore show that a more detailed cost structure and cost-revenue analysis of this waste management service is important with appropriate measures, either by the privates sector itself or with the support of the local authorities, in order to enhance cost efficiency and balance the cost-revenues towards cost recovery. Delays in mitigating the evident financial deficit could else endanger the public-private partnership (PPP) and lead to failure of this setup in the medium to long term, thus also endangering the now existing improved and currently reliable service. We present four options on how financial sustainability of the SWM system in Bahir Dar might be enhanced: (i) improved fee collection efficiency by linking the fees of solid waste collection to water supply; (ii) increasing the value chain by sales of organic waste recycling products; (iii) diversifying revenue streams and financing mechanisms (polluter-pays-, cross-subsidy- and business-principles); and (iv) cost reduction and improved cost-effectiveness. We argue that in a PPP setup such as in Bahir Dar, a strong alliance between the municipality and private enterprise is important so that appropriate solutions for improved financial sustainability of a SWM system can be sought and implemented.

  7. Estimating the maximum potential revenue for grid connected electricity storage : arbitrage and regulation.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Byrne, Raymond Harry; Silva Monroy, Cesar Augusto.

    2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The valuation of an electricity storage device is based on the expected future cash ow generated by the device. Two potential sources of income for an electricity storage system are energy arbitrage and participation in the frequency regulation market. Energy arbitrage refers to purchasing (stor- ing) energy when electricity prices are low, and selling (discharging) energy when electricity prices are high. Frequency regulation is an ancillary service geared towards maintaining system frequency, and is typically procured by the independent system operator in some type of market. This paper outlines the calculations required to estimate the maximum potential revenue from participating in these two activities. First, a mathematical model is presented for the state of charge as a function of the storage device parameters and the quantities of electricity purchased/sold as well as the quantities o ered into the regulation market. Using this mathematical model, we present a linear programming optimization approach to calculating the maximum potential revenue from an elec- tricity storage device. The calculation of the maximum potential revenue is critical in developing an upper bound on the value of storage, as a benchmark for evaluating potential trading strate- gies, and a tool for capital nance risk assessment. Then, we use historical California Independent System Operator (CAISO) data from 2010-2011 to evaluate the maximum potential revenue from the Tehachapi wind energy storage project, an American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA) energy storage demonstration project. We investigate the maximum potential revenue from two di erent scenarios: arbitrage only and arbitrage combined with the regulation market. Our analysis shows that participation in the regulation market produces four times the revenue compared to arbitrage in the CAISO market using 2010 and 2011 data. Then we evaluate several trading strategies to illustrate how they compare to the maximum potential revenue benchmark. We conclude with a sensitivity analysis with respect to key parameters.

  8. November 15, 2012 Webinar: Exploring Opportunities for Energy Efficiency as a Revenue Stream in the Forward Capacity Markets

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    November 15, 2012 Webinar: Exploring Opportunities for Energy Efficiency as a Revenue Stream in the Forward Capacity Markets, Better Buildings Neighborhood Program; regional transmission organizations (RTOs)

  9. Loaner Vehicle Policy Outline the policy regarding issuance of loaner vehicles for University of Michigan (U-M)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kirschner, Denise

    Loaner Vehicle Policy Objective Outline the policy regarding issuance of loaner vehicles for University of Michigan (U-M) vehicles in the garage for maintenance. Vehicle Maintenance Policy 1. All maintenance performed on U-M vehicles must be coordinated through Garage Services. Exception: Both U

  10. Thread bonds in molecules

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ivlev, B

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Unusual chemical bonds are proposed. Each bond is almost covalent but is characterized by the thread of a small radius $\\sim 0.6\\times 10^{-11}$cm, between two nuclei in a molecule. The main electron density is concentrated outside the thread as in a covalent bond. The thread is formed by the electron wave function which has a tendency to be singular on it. The singularity along the thread is cut off by electron "vibrations" due to the interaction with zero point electromagnetic oscillations. The electron energy has its typical value of (1-10)eV. Due to the small tread radius the uncertainty of the electron momentum inside the thread is large resulting in a large electron kinetic energy $\\sim 1 MeV$. This energy is compensated by formation of a potential well due to the reduction of the energy of electromagnetic zero point oscillations. This is similar to formation of a negative van der Waals potential. Thread bonds are stable and cannot be created or destructed in chemical or optical processes.

  11. Nuclear Regulatory Commission issuances: Opinions and decisions of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission with selected orders, July 1--December 31, 1996. Volume 44, Pages 1--432

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The hardbound edition of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission Issuances is a final compilation of the monthly issuances. It includes all of the legal precedents for the agency within a six-month period. Any opinions, decisions, denials, memoranda and orders of the Commission inadvertently omitted from the monthly softbounds and any corrections submitted by the NRC legal staff to the printed softbound issuances are contained in the hardbound edition. Cross references in the text and indexes are to the NRCI page numbers which are the same as the page numbers in this publication. Issuances are referred to as follows: Commission--CLI, Atomic Safety and Licensing Boards--LBP, Administrative Law Judges--ALJ, Directors` Decisions--DD, and Decisions on Petitions for Rulemaking--DPRM.

  12. Economic Development Bond Program (Iowa)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Through its Economic Development Bond Program, the Iowa Finance Authority (IFA) issues tax-exempt bonds on behalf of private entities or organizations for eligible purposes. The responsibility for...

  13. Private Activity Bond Allocation (Missouri)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Private Activity Bond Allocation Program provides low-interest financing through tax-exempt bonds for certain types of projects, including electric and gas utility projects. Eligible applicants...

  14. Albert Bond | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Bond - Project Officer, Golden Field Office Albert Bond is a Project Officer at the Golden Field Office. Most Recent New Choctaw Nation Recycling Center Posts Quick Results March 8...

  15. Bond and Loan Program (Arkansas)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Bond and Loan programs of Arkansas are four programs designed to attract small business development within the state.

  16. A Study of Revenue Flows in Packet Networks under Multiple Administrative Domains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A Study of Revenue Flows in Packet Networks under Multiple Administrative Domains Saadullah Tareenx that they usually only consider a single network and always consider a single administrative domain when for a detailed study of more realistic networks under multiple administrative domains. The interac- tions between

  17. Tax-versus-trading and efficient revenue recycling as issues for greenhouse gas abatement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pezzey, Jack

    Tax-versus-trading and efficient revenue recycling as issues for greenhouse gas abatement Final abatement, using the first multi-party model to include both tax-versus-trading under uncertainties of an emissions tax over emissions (permit) trading in handling abatement-cost uncertainties, from that shown

  18. Revenue Maximization in Reservation-based Online Advertising Through Dynamic Inventory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tomkins, Andrew

    Revenue Maximization in Reservation-based Online Advertising Through Dynamic Inventory Management inventory on content sites owned by publishers (e.g., CNN, amazon, etc.). Sales representatives, acting on behalf of publishers, sell inventory (impression) bundles of various types (text, video, multimedia, etc

  19. Semi-Markov Adaptive Critic Heuristics with Application to Airline Revenue Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gosavi, Abhijit

    Semi-Markov Adaptive Critic Heuristics with Application to Airline Revenue Management Ketaki Management and Systems Engineering Missouri University of Science and Technology Rolla, MO 65409 Abstract the time spent in each transition of the underlying Markov chains is itself a random variable

  20. Assessing the Impact of Heat Rejection Technology on CSP Plant Revenue: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wagner, M. J.; Kutscher, C. F.

    2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper explores the impact of cooling technology on revenue for hybrid-cooled plants with varying wet cooling penetration for four representative locations in the American Southwest. The impact of ACC design-point initial temperature difference (ITD - the difference between the condensing steam temperature and ambient dry-bulb) is also included in the analysis.

  1. Trending: Metal Oxo Bonds

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas ConchasPassiveSubmittedStatusButlerTransportation From modelingTrending: Metal Oxo Bonds

  2. Solder extrusion pressure bonding process and bonded products produced thereby

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Beavis, L.C.; Karnowsky, M.M.; Yost, F.G.

    1992-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Disclosed is a process for production of soldered joints which are highly reliable and capable of surviving 10,000 thermal cycles between about [minus]40 C and 110 C. Process involves interposing a thin layer of a metal solder composition between the metal surfaces of members to be bonded and applying heat and up to about 1000 psi compression pressure to the superposed members, in the presence of a reducing atmosphere, to extrude the major amount of the solder composition, contaminants including fluxing gases and air, from between the members being bonded, to form a very thin, strong intermetallic bonding layer having a thermal expansion tolerant with that of the bonded members.

  3. Solder extrusion pressure bonding process and bonded products produced thereby

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Beavis, Leonard C. (Albuquerque, NM); Karnowsky, Maurice M. (Albuquerque, NM); Yost, Frederick G. (Ceder Crest, NM)

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Production of soldered joints which are highly reliable and capable of surviving 10,000 thermal cycles between about -40.degree. C. and 110.degree. C. Process involves interposing a thin layer of a metal solder composition between the metal surfaces of members to be bonded and applying heat and up to about 1000 psi compression pressure to the superposed members, in the presence of a reducing atmosphere, to extrude the major amount of the solder composition, contaminants including fluxing gases and air, from between the members being bonded, to form a very thin, strong intermetallic bonding layer having a thermal expansion tolerant with that of the bonded members.

  4. Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (Ohio)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Ohio Air Quality Development Authority (OAQDA) administers the Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (QECB) program in Ohio. QECBs have been used by local governments and public universities to...

  5. Investigation of bonding strength and sealing behavior of aluminum/stainless steel bonded at room temperature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howlader, Matiar R

    ], spark welding [3], explosive bonding [4], and diffusion bonding [5,6]. However, the processing such as diffusion bonding [5,6], friction welding [7e11], vacuum roll bonding [12] and hot roll bonding [13Investigation of bonding strength and sealing behavior of aluminum/stainless steel bonded at room

  6. Federal offshore statistics: 1992. Leasing, exploration, production, and revenues as of December 31, 1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Francois, D.K.

    1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act, enacted in 1953 and amended several times, charges the Secretary of the Interior with the responsibility for administering and managing mineral exploration and development of the outer continental shelf, as well as for conserving its natural resources. This report documents the following: Federal offshore lands; offshore leasing activity and status; offshore development activity; offshore production of crude oil and natural gas; Federal offshore oil and natural gas sales volume and royalties; revenue from Federal offshore leases; disbursement of Federal offshore revenue; reserves and resource estimates of offshore oil and natural gas; oil pollution in US and international waters; and international activities and marine minerals. 11 figs., 83 tabs.

  7. Esthetically Designed Municipal PV System Maximizes Energy Production and Revenue Return

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In late 2008, the City of Sebastopol, CA installed a unique 42 kW grid-interactive photovoltaic (PV) system to provide electricity for pumps of the Sebastopol municipal water system. The resulting innovative Sun Dragon PV system, located in a public park, includes design elements that provide optimized electrical performance and revenue generation for the energy produced while also presenting an artistic and unique appearance to park visitors.

  8. Effect of oil revenue on the fertility pattern in Iran, 1952-1976

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nassirpour, M.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Counter to expectation based on the experience of developed nations, in Iran the increase of oil revenue from 1952 to 1975 was not accompanied by a decline in the fertility rate. To identify possible determinants of fertility behavior, the following hypotheses were tested: 1) developmental factors such as urbanization, high school or higher education of females, types of occupation and female labor force participation, have a direct negative impact; 2) the developmental variables have an indirect negative effect on fertility through the mean age at first marriage; 3) mean age at first marriage has a direct negative effect on fertility; and 4) in the provinces (Central, Khuzestan, Esfahan, E. Azarbijan) where large amounts of oil revenue was allocated, the fertility rate is lower than the fertility rate in other provinces where small amounts of oil revenue were distributed. Among developmental variables, high school and college education of females aged 15-29 as well as mean age at first marriage of females, or, lower proportion of married females age 20-24 were found to be important factors in depressing the fertility rate.

  9. Quantum Confinement in Hydrogen Bond

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Santos, Carlos da Silva dos; Ricotta, Regina Maria

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this work, the quantum confinement effect is proposed as the cause of the displacement of the vibrational spectrum of molecular groups that involve hydrogen bonds. In this approach the hydrogen bond imposes a space barrier to hydrogen and constrains its oscillatory motion. We studied the vibrational transitions through the Morse potential, for the NH and OH molecular groups inside macromolecules in situation of confinement (when hydrogen bonding is formed) and non-confinement (when there is no hydrogen bonding). The energies were obtained through the variational method with the trial wave functions obtained from Supersymmetric Quantum Mechanics (SQM) formalism. The results indicate that it is possible to distinguish the emission peaks related to the existence of the hydrogen bonds. These analytical results were satisfactorily compared with experimental results obtained from infrared spectroscopy.

  10. Bio:Matthew Andrews is a Distinguished Member of Technical Staff at Alcatel-Lucent Bell Labs. His research interests include combinatorial optimization, operations research and data analytics, with applications to resource allocation and revenue managemen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Columbia University

    , with applications to resource allocation and revenue management in wireless networks, energy-efficient

  11. Method for vacuum fusion bonding

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ackler, Harold D. (Sunnyvale, CA); Swierkowski, Stefan P. (Livermore, CA); Tarte, Lisa A. (Livermore, CA); Hicks, Randall K. (Stockton, CA)

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An improved vacuum fusion bonding structure and process for aligned bonding of large area glass plates, patterned with microchannels and access holes and slots, for elevated glass fusion temperatures. Vacuum pumpout of all components is through the bottom platform which yields an untouched, defect free top surface which greatly improves optical access through this smooth surface. Also, a completely non-adherent interlayer, such as graphite, with alignment and location features is located between the main steel platform and the glass plate pair, which makes large improvements in quality, yield, and ease of use, and enables aligned bonding of very large glass structures.

  12. Fusion bonding and alignment fixture

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ackler, Harold D. (Sunnyvale, CA); Swierkowski, Stefan P. (Livermore, CA); Tarte, Lisa A. (Livermore, CA); Hicks, Randall K. (Stockton, CA)

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An improved vacuum fusion bonding structure and process for aligned bonding of large area glass plates, patterned with microchannels and access holes and slots, for elevated glass fusion temperatures. Vacuum pumpout of all the components is through the bottom platform which yields an untouched, defect free top surface which greatly improves optical access through this smooth surface. Also, a completely non-adherent interlayer, such as graphite, with alignment and location features is located between the main steel platform and the glass plate pair, which makes large improvements in quality, yield, and ease of use, and enables aligned bonding of very large glass structures.

  13. Method of bonding

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Saller, deceased, Henry A. (late of Columbus, OH); Hodge, Edwin S. (Columbus, OH); Paprocki, Stanley J. (Columbus, OH); Dayton, Russell W. (Columbus, OH)

    1987-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    1. A method of making a fuel-containing structure for nuclear reactors, comprising providing an assembly comprising a plurality of fuel units; each fuel unit consisting of a core plate containing thermal-neutron-fissionable material, sheets of cladding metal on its bottom and top surfaces, said cladding sheets being of greater width and length than said core plates whereby recesses are formed at the ends and sides of said core plate, and end pieces and first side pieces of cladding metal of the same thickness as the core plate positioned in said recesses, the assembly further comprising a plurality of second side pieces of cladding metal engaging the cladding sheets so as to space the fuel units from one another, and a plurality of filler plates of an acid-dissolvable nonresilient material whose melting point is above 2000.degree. F., each filler plate being arranged between a pair of said second side pieces and the cladding plates of two adjacent fuel units, the filler plates having the same thickness as the second side pieces; the method further comprising enclosing the entire assembly in an envelope; evacuating the interior of the entire assembly through said envelope; applying inert gas under a pressure of about 10,000 psi to the outside of said envelope while at the same time heating the assembly to a temperature above the flow point of the cladding metal but below the melting point of any material of the assembly, whereby the envelope is pressed against the assembly and integral bonds are formed between plates, sheets, first side pieces, and end pieces and between the sheets and the second side pieces; slowly cooling the assembly to room temperature; removing the envelope; and dissolving the filler plates without attacking the cladding metal.

  14. Integrated Title V/acid rain permits: Transitioning through initial permit issuance and reopenings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bloomfield, C. [Environmental Protection Agency, San Francisco, CA (United States)

    1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Titles IV and V of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 (Act or CAA) created two new stationary source permitting programs, one specific to acid rain (Title IV), and a second for operating permits in general (Title V). The Phase 2 portion of the acid rain program was designed to be implemented through the Title V operating permit program, thereby subjecting all Phase 2 acid rain sources to the requirements of Title V. Permits issued pursuant to Phase 2 of the acid rain program will be viewed as a self-contained portion of the Title V operating permit and will be governed by regulations promulgated under both Title IV and Title V. The requirements imposed by Title IV may not always be consistent with the broader operating permit program requirements of Title V, and when inconsistency occurs, the acid rain requirements will take precedence. This nonalignment will perhaps be most apparent during two stages of initial permitting: (1) the transition period following Title V program approval when permit application, issuance, and effective dates differ between the two programs, and (2) at the point when acid rain permits must be reopened to incorporate Phase 2 NO{sub x} requirements. This paper explores strategies for streamlining implementation of the two programs with particular focus on these two coordination issues.

  15. New Clean Renewable Energy Bonds | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    New Clean Renewable Energy Bonds New Clean Renewable Energy Bonds New clean renewable energy bonds (CREBs) are tax credit bonds, the proceeds of which are used for capital...

  16. Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (QECBs) & New Clean Renewable...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (QECBs) & New Clean Renewable Energy Bonds (New CREBs) Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (QECBs) & New Clean Renewable Energy Bonds (New...

  17. Expenses Revenues

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsing ZirconiaPolicy and Assistance100 tonusingdeposition.EnergyExpedited6 ARMExpenses

  18. Low Temperature Material Bonding Techniq Ue

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ramsey, J. Michael (Knoxville, TN); Foote, Robert S. (Oak Ridge, TN)

    2002-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

    A method of performing a lower temperature bonding technique to bond together two mating pieces of glass includes applying a sodium silicate aqueous solution between the two pieces.

  19. Pooled Bond Program (South Dakota)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Pooled Bond Program offered by the Economic Development Finance Authority is designed for capital intensive projects, providing small businesses access to larger capital markets for tax-exempt...

  20. Revenue from Retail Sales of Electricity (Thousand Dollars) by State by Provider

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia:FAQ <Information Administration (EIA) 10 MECS Survey Data 2010Feet) Year53 2.370 2.359 2.342Revenue

  1. CONVERTIBLE BONDS IN A DEFAULTABLE DIFFUSION MODEL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jeanblanc, Monique

    CONVERTIBLE BONDS IN A DEFAULTABLE DIFFUSION MODEL Tomasz R. Bielecki Department of Applied Research Grant PS12918. #12;2 Convertible Bonds in a Defaultable Diffusion Model 1 Introduction In [4), such as Convertible Bonds (CB), and we provided a rigorous decomposition of a CB into a bond component and a (game

  2. Three methods to measure RH bond energies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Berkowitz, J. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Ellison, G.B. [Univ. of Colorado, Boulder, CO (United States). Dept. of Chemistry and Biochemistry; Gutman, D. [Catholic Univ. of America, Washington, DC (United States). Dept. of Chemistry

    1993-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper the authors compare and contrast three powerful methods for experimentally measuring bond energies in polyatomic molecules. The methods are: radical kinetics; gas phase acidity cycles; and photoionization mass spectroscopy. The knowledge of the values of bond energies are a basic piece of information to a chemist. Chemical reactions involve the making and breaking of chemical bonds. It has been shown that comparable bonds in polyatomic molecules, compared to the same bonds in radicals, can be significantly different. These bond energies can be measured in terms of bond dissociation energies.

  3. Ideally Glassy Hydrogen Bonded Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. C. Phillips

    2005-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

    The axiomatic theory of ideally glassy networks, which has proved effective in describing phase diagrams and properties of chalcogenide and oxide glasses and their foreign interfaces, is broadened here to include intermolecular interactions in hydrogen-bonded polyalcohols such as glycerol, monosaccharides (glucose), and the optimal bioprotective hydrogen-bonded disaccharide networks formed from trehalose. The methods of Lagrangian mechanics and Maxwellian scaffolds are useful at the molecular level when bonding hierarchies are characterized by constraint counting similar to the chemical methods used by Huckel and Pauling. Whereas Newtonian molecular dynamical methods are useful for simulating large-scale interactions for times of order 10 ps, constraint counting describes network properties on glassy (almost equilibrated) time scales, which may be of cosmological order for oxide glasses, or years for trehalose. The ideally glassy network of trehalose may consist of extensible tandem sandwich arrays.

  4. Bonded polyimide fuel cell package

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Morse, Jeffrey D.; Jankowski, Alan; Graff, Robert T.; Bettencourt, Kerry

    2010-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Described herein are processes for fabricating microfluidic fuel cell systems with embedded components in which micron-scale features are formed by bonding layers of DuPont Kapton.TM. polyimide laminate. A microfluidic fuel cell system fabricated using this process is also described.

  5. Non-bonded ultrasonic transducer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Eoff, J.M.

    1984-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

    A mechanically assembled non-bonded ultrasonic transducer includes a substrate, a piezoelectric film, a wetting agent, a thin metal electrode, and a lens held in intimate contact by a mechanical clamp. No epoxy or glue is used in the assembly of this device.

  6. Who is winning the cell-phone wars? Answer: it depends how you count. Units, market share, revenue, profit.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    South Bohemia, University of

    Who is winning the cell-phone wars? Answer: it depends how you count. Units, market share, revenue launched. According to another analyst, Cannaccord, Apple now has four percent of the cell-phone market quarter, not that far off a million a day. iPhone sales increased by 4 million but its market share

  7. Better Buildings Neighborhood Program Peer Exchange Call on Financing and Revenue: Bond Funding Call Slides and Discussion Summary, March 28, 2013

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up fromDepartmentTie Ltd: ScopeDepartment1, 2011 Better Buildings0,28, 2013 Better

  8. The Market for Borrowing Corporate Bonds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Asquith, Paul

    This paper describes the market for borrowing corporate bonds using a comprehensive data set from a major lender. The cost of borrowing corporate bonds is comparable to the cost of borrowing stock, between 10 and 20 basis ...

  9. Major Business Expansion Bond Program (Maine)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Major Business Expansion Bond Program provides long-term, credit-enhanced financing up to $25,000,000 at taxable bond rates for businesses creating or retaining at least 50 jobs; up to $10,000...

  10. Secondary Market Taxable Bond Program (Maine)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Secondary Market Taxable Bond Program provides tax-exempt interest rate bond financing for real estate and machinery and equipment acquisitions. Up to 90% of the project debt may be financed,...

  11. Bonded, walk-off compensated optical elements

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ebbers, Christopher A. (Livermore, CA)

    2003-04-08T23:59:59.000Z

    A bonded, walk-off compensated crystal, for use with optical equipment, and methods of making optical components including same.

  12. Study of bump bonding technology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Selcuk Cihangir et al.

    2003-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Pixel detectors proposed for the new generation of hadron collider experiments will use bump-bonding technology based on either indium or Pb/Sn solder to connect the front-end readout chips to the silicon pixel sensors. We have previously reported large-scale tests of the yield using both indium and Pb/Sn solder bump [1]. The conclusion is that both seem to be viable for pixel detectors. We have also carried out studies of various effects (e.g. storage over long period, effect of heating and cooling, and radiation) on both types of bump bonds using daisy-chained parts on a small scale [2], [3]. Overall, these tests showed little changes in the integrity of the bump connections. Nevertheless, questions still remain on the long-term reliability of the bumps due to thermal cycle effects, attachment to a substrate with a different coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE), and radiation.

  13. Clean Energy and Bond Finance Initiative

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Provides information on Clean Energy and Bond Finance Initiative (CE+BFI). CE+BFI brings together public infrastructure finance agencies, clean energy public fund managers and institutional investors across the country to explore how to raise capital at scale for clean energy development through bond financing. Author: Clean Energy and Bond Finance Initiative

  14. Hydrogen Bonded Arrays: The Power of Multiple Hydrogen Bonds. | EMSL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFun withconfinement plasmasSandy-Nor'easterStatisticalwithRhodiumFew-LayerBonded

  15. Bond Programs | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin: Energy ResourcesJersey:formBlueBombay Beach, California:Bonds allow governments

  16. Empirical study on the Korean treasury auction focusing on the revenue comparison in multiple versus single price auction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kang, Boo-Sung

    2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    EMPIRICAL STUDY ON THE KOREAN TREASURY AUCTION FOCUSING ON THE REVENUE COMPARISON IN MULTIPLE VERSUS SINGLE PRICE AUCTION A Dissertation by BOO-SUNG KANG Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M... IN MULTIPLE VERSUS SINGLE PRICE AUCTION A Dissertation by BOO-SUNG KANG Submitted to Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY Approved as to style and content by...

  17. Impact of oil revenues on foreign policy: a comparative analysis of Iran and Kuwait, 1974-1978

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kavoossi, M.

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study compares the pattern of investment and expenditure of oil revenues to discern the existence of common and divergent elements in the policies of these Persian Gulf members of OPEC: one small Arab country, and one large non-Arab country with basic human and technical infrastructure. The study specifically surveys the utilization of oil revenues for the purchase of arms and technology, and for foreign aid programs. Externally, the economic upsurge during this period generated a new quasi-independent economic and political foreign policy. This quasi-independence is reflected, in part, by the ability to choose partners and allies without fearing financial reprisal from the major and super powers; by greater self reliance and greater freedom of action and the ability to impose their will; by their ability to exert integrative or disintegrative economic pressure on alliances and pursue conflict or cooperation with other nations; and finally by their potential ability to draw other states into regional conflicts and to influence the global balance of power. The study views oil as the overriding factor, among multiple operative factors in determinants of foreign policy in this strategically crucial region. Oil contributes not only as a substantial part of the gross national product, but also provides the bulk of the nation's export and foreign exchange revenues needed for import. As such, its influence dwarfs the importance of non-oil trade.

  18. Effects of Residual Feed Intake Classification on Feed Efficiency, Feeding Behavior, Carcass Traits, and Net Revenue in Angus-Based Composite Steers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Walter, Joel

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    of $118 to profits of $170 per head (Langemeier et al., 1992). These drastic net revenue differentials are the result of substantial variability in input costs, feeder and fed cattle prices and cattle performance. 4 Past investigations into factors...

  19. The challenges of improving revenue-recognition standard for multiple-element firms:evidence from the software industry (SOP 97-2)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Srivastava, Anup

    2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

    I investigated whether implementing SOP 97-2, the revenue-recognition standard for the software industry, reduces earnings informativeness. This standard is particularly important for two reasons: First, its provisions coincide with provisions...

  20. Nuclear reactor multiphysics via bond graph formalism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sosnovsky, Eugeny

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This work proposes a simple and effective approach to modeling nuclear reactor multiphysics problems using bond graphs. Conventional multiphysics simulation paradigms normally use operator splitting, which treats the ...

  1. Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (QECBs) ? State Issues ...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (QECBs) - State Issues & Approaches February 12 th , 2013 DOE's Technical Assistance Program 2 Agenda * TAP Introduction & QECB Resources * QECB...

  2. Tax-Exempt Bond Financing (Delaware)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Delaware Economic Development Authority provides tax-exempt bond financing for financial assistance to new or expanding businesses, governmental units and certain organizations that are exempt...

  3. Hydrogen Adsorption Induces Interlayer Carbon Bond Formation...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Hydrogen Adsorption Induces Interlayer Carbon Bond Formation in Supported Few-Layer Graphene Friday, February 28, 2014 Among the allotropes of carbon, diamond has some of the most...

  4. How Hydrogen Bond Redundancy Affects Protein Flexibility

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Naomi Fox; Filip Jagodzinski; Jeanne Hardy; Ileana Streinu

    Modeling a Protein as a BodyBarHinge and Associated Graph Main Question: Stability in proteins is the resistance to denaturation, or unfolding. A protein that is highly stable has a high tolerance to bonds breaking before unfolding; an unstable protein has less tolerance. In this study, we focus on the question, how many hydrogen bonds

  5. Process Of Bonding Copper And Tungsten

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Slattery, Kevin T. (St. Charles, MO); Driemeyer, Daniel E. (Manchester, MO); Davis, John W. (Ballwin, MO)

    2000-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Process for bonding a copper substrate to a tungsten substrate by providing a thin metallic adhesion promoting film bonded to a tungsten substrate and a functionally graded material (FGM) interlayer bonding the thin metallic adhesion promoting film to the copper substrate. The FGM interlayer is formed by sintering a stack of individual copper and tungsten powder blend layers having progressively higher copper content/tungsten content, by volume, ratio values in successive powder blend layers in a lineal direction extending from the tungsten substrate towards the copper substrate. The resulting copper to tungsten joint well accommodates the difference in the coefficient of thermal expansion of the materials.

  6. A Preorganized Hydrogen Bond Network and Its Effect on Anion...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Preorganized Hydrogen Bond Network and Its Effect on Anion Stability. A Preorganized Hydrogen Bond Network and Its Effect on Anion Stability. Abstract: Rigid tricyclic locked in...

  7. Atoms in Valence Bond. Method, implementation and application.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zielinski, M.L.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??The Atoms in Valence Bond (AiVB) approach is presented. The main goal was to develop a new and innovative approach, within the existing Valence Bond… (more)

  8. Mechanistic Examination of C?–C? Bond Cleavages...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Mechanistic Examination of C?–C? Bond Cleavages of Tryptophan Residues during Dissociations of Molecular Mechanistic Examination of C?–C? Bond...

  9. Hydrogen-bond acidic functionalized carbon nanotubes (CNTs) with...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Hydrogen-bond acidic functionalized carbon nanotubes (CNTs) with covalently-bound hexafluoroisopropanol groups. Hydrogen-bond acidic functionalized carbon nanotubes (CNTs) with...

  10. Atomistic modeling of amorphous silicon carbide using a bond...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    modeling of amorphous silicon carbide using a bond-order potential. Atomistic modeling of amorphous silicon carbide using a bond-order potential. Abstract: Molecular dynamics...

  11. Using Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds for Public Building...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Using Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds for Public Building Upgrades: Reducing Energy Bills in the City of Philadelphia Using Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds for Public...

  12. Taking Advantage of Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (QECBs...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Advantage of Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (QECBs) Taking Advantage of Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (QECBs) Blue version of the EERE PowerPoint template, for use with...

  13. IRS Announces New Tribal Economic Development Bond Allocation...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    IRS Announces New Tribal Economic Development Bond Allocation Guidance IRS Announces New Tribal Economic Development Bond Allocation Guidance July 18, 2012 - 3:46pm Addthis To...

  14. Covalency in Metal-Oxygen Multiple Bonds Evaluated Using Oxygen...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Covalency in Metal-Oxygen Multiple Bonds Evaluated Using Oxygen K-edge Spectroscopy and Electronic Structure Theory . Covalency in Metal-Oxygen Multiple Bonds Evaluated Using...

  15. Municipal Bond - Power Purchase Agreement Model Continues to...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Municipal Bond - Power Purchase Agreement Model Continues to Provide Low-Cost Solar Energy Municipal Bond - Power Purchase Agreement Model Continues to Provide Low-Cost Solar...

  16. Three Hydrogen Bond Donor Catalysts: Oxyanion Hole Mimics and...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Hydrogen Bond Donor Catalysts: Oxyanion Hole Mimics and Transition State Analogues. Three Hydrogen Bond Donor Catalysts: Oxyanion Hole Mimics and Transition State Analogues....

  17. Proposed Revenues, Financial Strategy, and Program Costs for FY 1992 and 1993 : Technical Appendix, BPA Programs in Perspective.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

    1990-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Programs in Perspective is the Bonneville Power Administration's public involvement process (PIP) for engaging customers and other stakeholders in a regional dialog to set strategic direction and broad program plans for BPA effort. This planning leads into a biennial rate setting cycle and offers a more accessible and flexible opportunity for dialog on broad issues than is possible under the strict administrative procedures of ratemaking. The self-financed character of BPA has made this public process a necessary and valuable one to assure that those who pay BPA's rates have a clear understanding and a strong voice in the plans for use of the resulting revenues. During 1989, the previous PIP engaged the region in discussion of major strategic, issues focussing on major areas. In 1990, BPA seeks discussion of the directions and plans specifically for fiscal years 1992 and 1993. The steps taken for those years will lay the foundation for the years beyond. Thus, we have subtitled this year's process, Staying fit for the long run.'' We have consulted extensively with customers and others in the region in developing these plans. In dozens of program--specific meetings, BPA staff have talked and listened to what others think our plans ought to be. PIP now gives us a chance to review their sum total, along with projections for revenues and our overall financial position. 8 tabs., 8 figs.

  18. The Ohio Enterprise Bond Fund (Ohio)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Ohio Enterprise Bond Fund (OEBF) was created in 1988 to promote economic development, create and retain quality jobs and assist governmental operations. The program enables non-profit and for...

  19. Sandia National Laboratories: Diffusion Bonding Characterization

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    bond surface is poor or only the region near this corner Diffusion 7-8-9 Diffusion Welding and Brazing, Welding Handbook, 7th ed., American Welding Society, 1980, p 311-335...

  20. Method of bonding metals to ceramics

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Maroni, V.A.

    1991-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

    A ceramic or glass having a thin layer of silver, gold or alloys thereof at the surface thereof is disclosed. A first metal is bonded to the thin layer and a second metal is bonded to the first metal. The first metal is selected from the class consisting of In, Ga, Sn, Bi, Zn, Cd, Pb, Tl and alloys thereof, and the second metal is selected from the class consisting of Cu, Al, Pb, Au and alloys thereof. 3 figures.

  1. July 18, 2012 Using Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds for Public

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    July 18, 2012 Using Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds for Public Building Upgrades: Reducing Energy Bills in the City of Philadelphia Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (QECBs) are federally Energy Conservation Bond (QECB) is a bond that enables qualified state, tribal and local government

  2. The Ties That Bond: Re-Examining the Relationship between Facebook Use and Bonding Social Capital

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michigan, University of

    The Ties That Bond: Re-Examining the Relationship between Facebook Use and Bonding Social Capital established a positive relationship between measures of Facebook use and perceptions of social capital. Like other social network sites, Facebook is especially well-positioned to enhance users' bridging social

  3. Shirzadi et al. Surface and Interface Analysis 2001; 31:609-618 Interface evolution and bond strength when diffusion bonding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    strength when diffusion bonding materials with stable oxide films A.A. Shirzadi* , H. Assadi and E morphologies and strengths of aluminium diffusion bonds are reviewed. Previous approaches, proposed to overcome for both solid-state diffusion bonding and conventional transient liquid phase (TLP) diffusion bonding. Non

  4. Hydrogen Bond Networks: Structure and Evolution after Hydrogen Bond Breaking John B. Asbury, Tobias Steinel, and M. D. Fayer*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fayer, Michael D.

    Hydrogen Bond Networks: Structure and Evolution after Hydrogen Bond Breaking John B. Asbury, TobiasVed: September 1, 2003; In Final Form: December 18, 2003 The nature of hydrogen bonding networks following hydrogen bond breaking is investigated using vibrational echo correlation spectroscopy of the hydroxyl

  5. Process Of Bonding Copper And Tungsten

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Slattery, Kevin T. (St. Charles, MO); Driemeyer, Daniel E. (Manchester, MO)

    1999-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Process for bonding a copper substrate to a tungsten substrate by providing a thin metallic adhesion promoting film bonded to a tungsten substrate and a functionally graded material (FGM) interlayer bonding the thin metallic adhesion promoting film to the copper substrate. The FGM interlayer is formed by thermal plasma spraying mixtures of copper powder and tungsten powder in a varied blending ratio such that the blending ratio of the copper powder and the tungsten powder that is fed to a plasma torch is intermittently adjusted to provide progressively higher copper content/tungsten content, by volume, ratio values in the interlayer in a lineal direction extending from the tungsten substrate towards the copper substrate. The resulting copper to tungsten joint well accommodates the difference in the coefficient of thermal expansion of the materials.

  6. Epoxy bond and stop etch fabrication method

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Simmons, Jerry A. (Sandia Park, NM); Weckwerth, Mark V. (Pleasanton, CA); Baca, Wes E. (Albuquerque, NM)

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A class of epoxy bond and stop etch (EBASE) microelectronic fabrication techniques is disclosed. The essence of such techniques is to grow circuit components on top of a stop etch layer grown on a first substrate. The first substrate and a host substrate are then bonded together so that the circuit components are attached to the host substrate by the bonding agent. The first substrate is then removed, e.g., by a chemical or physical etching process to which the stop etch layer is resistant. EBASE fabrication methods allow access to regions of a device structure which are usually blocked by the presence of a substrate, and are of particular utility in the fabrication of ultrafast electronic and optoelectronic devices and circuits.

  7. Bonded ultrasonic transducer and method for making

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dixon, R.D.; Roe, L.H.; Migliori, A.

    1995-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

    An ultrasonic transducer is formed as a diffusion bonded assembly of piezoelectric crystal, backing material, and, optionally, a ceramic wear surface. The mating surfaces of each component are silver films that are diffusion bonded together under the application of pressure and heat. Each mating surface may also be coated with a reactive metal, such as hafnium, to increase the adhesion of the silver films to the component surfaces. Only thin silver films are deposited, e.g., a thickness of about 0.00635 mm, to form a substantially non-compliant bond between surfaces. The resulting transducer assembly is substantially free of self-resonances over normal operating ranges for taking resonant ultrasound measurements. 12 figs.

  8. Bonded ultrasonic transducer and method for making

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dixon, Raymond D. (Los Alamos, NM); Roe, Lawrence H. (Los Alamos, NM); Migliori, Albert (Santa Fe, NM)

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An ultrasonic transducer is formed as a diffusion bonded assembly of piezoelectric crystal, backing material, and, optionally, a ceramic wear surface. The mating surfaces of each component are silver films that are diffusion bonded together under the application of pressure and heat. Each mating surface may also be coated with a reactive metal, such as hafnium, to increase the adhesion of the silver films to the component surfaces. Only thin silver films are deposited, e.g., a thickness of about 0.00635 mm, to form a substantially non-compliant bond between surfaces. The resulting transducer assembly is substantially free of self-resonances over normal operating ranges for taking resonant ultrasound measurements.

  9. Page 1 of 1 This policy establishes an institutional procedure for residual revenue earned on restricted fixed-price or fee-for-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hutcheon, James M.

    be deposited in this account. Georgia Southern University invoices the Research Foundation monthly for residualPage 1 of 1 I. Purpose This policy establishes an institutional procedure for residual revenue completion, deficit or surplus (residual) balances must be transferred to a non-sponsored account. Because

  10. Bond Strength Measurements from an Australian Standard Bond Wrench in Comparison to the Unbalanced ASTM C 1072 Bond Wrench to the Balanced and Unbalanced Wrenches

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suresh, Sri Vishnu Chaitanya Guptha

    2014-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Bond wrenches. The Australian wrench values were significantly higher than the American bond wrenches for similar types of samples. Hence it was recommended that the tests be carried out by replacing the cement with Portland cement. This experimental...

  11. Adhesive bonding using variable frequency microwave energy

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lauf, Robert J. (Oak Ridge, TN); McMillan, April D. (Knoxville, TN); Paulauskas, Felix L. (Oak Ridge, TN); Fathi, Zakaryae (Cary, NC); Wei, Jianghua (Raleigh, NC)

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Methods of facilitating the adhesive bonding of various components with variable frequency microwave energy are disclosed. The time required to cure a polymeric adhesive is decreased by placing components to be bonded via the adhesive in a microwave heating apparatus having a multimode cavity and irradiated with microwaves of varying frequencies. Methods of uniformly heating various articles having conductive fibers disposed therein are provided. Microwave energy may be selectively oriented to enter an edge portion of an article having conductive fibers therein. An edge portion of an article having conductive fibers therein may be selectively shielded from microwave energy.

  12. Adhesive bonding using variable frequency microwave energy

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lauf, R.J.; McMillan, A.D.; Paulauskas, F.L.; Fathi, Z.; Wei, J.

    1998-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Methods of facilitating the adhesive bonding of various components with variable frequency microwave energy are disclosed. The time required to cure a polymeric adhesive is decreased by placing components to be bonded via the adhesive in a microwave heating apparatus having a multimode cavity and irradiated with microwaves of varying frequencies. Methods of uniformly heating various articles having conductive fibers disposed therein are provided. Microwave energy may be selectively oriented to enter an edge portion of an article having conductive fibers therein. An edge portion of an article having conductive fibers therein may be selectively shielded from microwave energy. 26 figs.

  13. Adhesive bonding using variable frequency microwave energy

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Lauf, R.J.; McMillan, A.D.; Paulauskas, F.L.; Fathi, Z.; Wei, J.

    1998-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Methods of facilitating the adhesive bonding of various components with variable frequency microwave energy are disclosed. The time required to cure a polymeric adhesive is decreased by placing components to be bonded via the adhesive in a microwave heating apparatus having a multimode cavity and irradiated with microwaves of varying frequencies. Methods of uniformly heating various articles having conductive fibers disposed therein are provided. Microwave energy may be selectively oriented to enter an edge portion of an article having conductive fibers therein. An edge portion of an article having conductive fibers therein may be selectively shielded from microwave energy. 26 figs.

  14. Phosphate-bonded calcium aluminate cements

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sugama, T.

    1993-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

    A method is described for making a rapid-setting phosphate-bonded cementitious material. A powdered aluminous cement is mixed with an aqueous solution of ammonium phosphate. The mixture is allowed to set to form an amorphous cementitious material which also may be hydrothermally treated at a temperature of from about 120 C to about 300 C to form a crystal-containing phosphate-bonded material. Also described are the cementitious products of this method and the cement composition which includes aluminous cement and ammonium polyphosphate. 10 figures.

  15. Financing Public Sector Projects with Clean Renewable Energy Bonds; Fact Sheet Series on Financing Renewable Energy Projects, National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kreycik, C.; Couglin, J.

    2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Clean renewable energy bonds (CREBs) present a low-cost opportunity for public entities to issue bonds to finance renewable energy projects. The federal government lowers the cost of debt by providing a tax credit to the bondholder in lieu of interest payments from the issuer. Because CREBs are theoretically interest free, they may be more attractive than traditional tax-exempt municipal bonds. In February 2009, Congress appropriated a total of $2.4 billion for the "New CREBs" program. No more than one-third of the budget may be allocated to each of the eligible entities: governmental bodies, electric cooperatives, and public power providers. Applications for this round of "New CREBs" were due to the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) on August 4, 2009. There is no indication Congress will extend the CREBs program; thus going forward, only projects that are approved under the 2009 round will be able to issue CREBs. This factsheet explains the CREBs mechanism and provides guidance on procedures related to issuing CREBs.

  16. Nitride-bonded silicon carbide composite filter

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thomson, B.N.; DiPietro, S.G.

    1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this program is to develop and demonstrate an advanced hot gas filter, using ceramic component technology, with enhanced durability to provide increased resistance to thermal fatigue and crack propagation. The material is silicon carbide fiber reinforced nitride bonded silicon carbide.

  17. Fluorinated diamond bonded in fluorocarbon resin

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Taylor, Gene W. (Los Alamos, NM)

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    By fluorinating diamond grit, the grit may be readily bonded into a fluorocarbon resin matrix. The matrix is formed by simple hot pressing techniques. Diamond grinding wheels may advantageously be manufactured using such a matrix. Teflon fluorocarbon resins are particularly well suited for using in forming the matrix.

  18. Nuclear Regulatory Commission Issuances. Opinions and decisions of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission with selected orders: July 1, 1992--December 31, 1992, Volume 36, Pages 1--396

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This is the thirty-sixth volume of issuances (1-396) of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission and its Atomic Safety and Licensing Boards, Administrative Law Judges, and Office Directors. It covers the period from July 1, 1992-December 31, 1992. Atomic Safety and Licensing Boards are authorized by Section 191 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954. These Boards, comprised of three members conduct adjudicatory hearings on applications to construct and operate nuclear power plants and related facilities and issue initial decisions which, subject to internal review and appellate procedures, become the final Commission action with respect to those applications. Boards are drawn from the Atomic Safety and Licensing Board Panel, comprised of lawyers, nuclear physicists and engineers, environmentalists, chemists, and economists. The Atomic Energy Commission first established Licensing Boards in 1962 and the Panel in 1967.

  19. Dynamic force spectroscopy on multiple bonds: experiments and model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Erdmann; S. Pierrat; P. Nassoy; U. S. Schwarz

    2007-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

    We probe the dynamic strength of multiple biotin-streptavidin adhesion bonds under linear loading using the biomembrane force probe setup for dynamic force spectroscopy. Measured rupture force histograms are compared to results from a master equation model for the stochastic dynamics of bond rupture under load. This allows us to extract the distribution of the number of initially closed bonds. We also extract the molecular parameters of the adhesion bonds, in good agreement with earlier results from single bond experiments. Our analysis shows that the peaks in the measured histograms are not simple multiples of the single bond values, but follow from a superposition procedure which generates different peak positions.

  20. Bayesian field theoretic reconstruction of bond potential and bond mobility in single molecule force spectroscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang, Joshua C; Chou, Tom

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Quantifying the forces between and within macromolecules is a necessary first step in understanding the mechanics of molecular structure, protein folding, and enzyme function and performance. In such macromolecular settings, dynamic single-molecule force spectroscopy (DFS) has been used to distort bonds. The resulting responses, in the form of rupture forces, work applied, and trajectories of displacements, have been used to reconstruct bond potentials. Such approaches often rely on simple parameterizations of one-dimensional bond potentials, assumptions on equilibrium starting states, and/or large amounts of trajectory data. Parametric approaches typically fail at inferring complex-shaped bond potentials with multiple minima, while piecewise estimation may not guarantee smooth results with the appropriate behavior at large distances. Existing techniques, particularly those based on work theorems, also do not address spatial variations in the diffusivity that may arise from spatially inhomogeneous coupling to...

  1. Various Carbon to Carbon Bond Lengths Inter-related via the Golden Ratio, and their Linear Dependence on Bond Energies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raji Heyrovska

    2008-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

    This work presents the relations between the carbon to carbon bond lengths in the single, double and triple bonds and in graphite, butadiene and benzene. The Golden ratio, which was shown to divide the Bohr radius into two parts pertaining to the charged particles, the electron and proton, and to divide inter-atomic distances into their cationic and anionic radii, also plays a role in the carbon-carbon bonds and in the ionic/polar character of those in graphite, butadiene and benzene. Further, the bond energies of the various CC bonds are shown to vary linearly with the bond lengths.

  2. Experimental bond critical point and local energy density properties...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Mn-O, Fe-O and Co-O bonded interactions for Abstract: Bond critical point, bcp, and local energy density properties for the electron density, ED, distributions, calculated with...

  3. Pre-plated reactive diffusion-bonded battery electrode plaques

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Maskalick, Nicholas J. (Pittsburgh, PA)

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A high strength, metallic fiber battery plaque is made using reactive diffusion bonding techniques, where a substantial amount of the fibers are bonded together by an iron-nickel alloy.

  4. Imaging Intrinsic Diffusion of Bridge-Bonded Oxygen Vacancies...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Intrinsic Diffusion of Bridge-Bonded Oxygen Vacancies on TiO2(110). Imaging Intrinsic Diffusion of Bridge-Bonded Oxygen Vacancies on TiO2(110). Abstract: Since oxygen atom...

  5. Hydrogen Bonding DOI: 10.1002/anie.200501349

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simons, Jack

    systems[5­13] and crystal engineering.[14­18] Most C�H···O hydrogen bonds have been observed for the soHydrogen Bonding DOI: 10.1002/anie.200501349 Observation of Weak C�H···O Hydrogen Bonding to Unactivated Alkanes** Xue-Bin Wang, Hin-Koon Woo, Boggavarapu Kiran, and Lai-Sheng Wang* The hydrogen bond

  6. Article coated with flash bonded superhydrophobic particles

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Simpson, John T (Clinton, TN) [Clinton, TN; Blue, Craig A (Knoxville, TN) [Knoxville, TN; Kiggans, Jr., James O [Oak Ridge, TN

    2010-07-13T23:59:59.000Z

    A method of making article having a superhydrophobic surface includes: providing a solid body defining at least one surface; applying to the surface a plurality of diatomaceous earth particles and/or particles characterized by particle sizes ranging from at least 100 nm to about 10 .mu.m, the particles being further characterized by a plurality of nanopores, wherein at least some of the nanopores provide flow through porosity, the particles being further characterized by a plurality of spaced apart nanostructured features that include a contiguous, protrusive material; flash bonding the particles to the surface so that the particles are adherently bonded to the surface; and applying a hydrophobic coating layer to the surface and the particles so that the hydrophobic coating layer conforms to the nanostructured features.

  7. Partial-Transient-Liquid-Phase Bonding of Advanced Ceramics Using Surface-Modified Interlayers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reynolds, Thomas Bither

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Theoretical-Model for Diffusion Bonding." Metal Science 16,Derby, B. & Wallach, E. "Diffusion Bonding - Development ofInterfacial Contact during Diffusion Bonding." Metallurgical

  8. Oil prices and government bond risk premiums Herv Alexandre*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Oil prices and government bond risk premiums By Hervé Alexandre*ş Antonin de Benoist * Abstract : This article analyses the impact of oil price on bond risk premiums issued by emerging economies. No empirical study has yet focussed on the effects of the oil price on government bond risk premiums. We develop

  9. Diffusion Bonding Aluminium Alloys and Composites: New Approaches and Modelling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    Diffusion Bonding Aluminium Alloys and Composites: New Approaches and Modelling Amir A. Shirzadi of the research, two new methods for TLP diffusion bonding of aluminium-based composites (aluminium alloys diffusion bonding and hot isostatic pressing without encapsulation. It allows the fabrication of intricate

  10. Energetics of hydrogen bonds in peptides Sheh-Yi Sheu*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheu, Sheh-Yi

    for water. We find that the activation energy for the rupture of the hydrogen bond in a -sheet under calculation can be useful for the prediction of hydrogen bond strengths in various environments of interest extensively to calculate free energy changes caused by hydrogen bond rupture. Here the water environment

  11. Hydrogen Bonding Penalty upon Ligand Binding Hongtao Zhao, Danzhi Huang*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caflisch, Amedeo

    Hydrogen Bonding Penalty upon Ligand Binding Hongtao Zhao, Danzhi Huang* Department of Biochemistry, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland Abstract Ligand binding involves breakage of hydrogen bonds with water molecules and formation of new hydrogen bonds between protein and ligand. In this work, the change

  12. Analysis of C H...O hydrogen bonds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Babu, M. Madan

    1 Analysis of C H...O hydrogen bonds in high resolution protein crystal structures from the PDB 1.4 Identification of C-H...O hydrogen bonds............................................. 1.4.1 The definition of a C-H...O hydrogen bond.................................... 1.4.2 Fixing the hydrogen and measuring the parameters

  13. Vacuum fusion bonding of glass plates

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Swierkowski, Steve P. (Livermore, CA); Davidson, James C. (Livermore, CA); Balch, Joseph W. (Livermore, CA)

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An improved apparatus and method for vacuum fusion bonding of large, patterned glass plates. One or both glass plates are patterned with etched features such as microstructure capillaries and a vacuum pumpout moat, with one plate having at least one hole therethrough for communication with a vacuum pumpout fixture. High accuracy alignment of the plates is accomplished by a temporary clamping fixture until the start of the fusion bonding heat cycle. A complete, void-free fusion bond of seamless, full-strength quality is obtained through the plates; because the glass is heated well into its softening point and because of a large, distributed force that is developed that presses the two plates together from the difference in pressure between the furnace ambient (high pressure) and the channeling and microstructures in the plates (low pressure) due to the vacuum drawn. The apparatus and method may be used to fabricate microcapillary arrays for chemical electrophoresis; for example, any apparatus using a network of microfluidic channels embedded between plates of glass or similar moderate melting point substrates with a gradual softening point curve, or for assembly of glass-based substrates onto larger substrates, such as in flat panel display systems.

  14. Vacuum fusion bonding of glass plates

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Swierkowski, Steve P. (Livermore, CA); Davidson, James C. (Livermore, CA); Balch, Joseph W. (Livermore, CA)

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An improved apparatus and method for vacuum fusion bonding of large, patterned glass plates. One or both glass plates are patterned with etched features such as microstructure capillaries and a vacuum pumpout moat, with one plate having at least one hole therethrough for communication with a vacuum pumpout fixture. High accuracy alignment of the plates is accomplished by a temporary clamping fixture until the start of the fusion bonding heat cycle. A complete, void-free fusion bond of seamless, full-strength quality is obtained through the plates; because the glass is heated well into its softening point and because of a large, distributed force that is developed that presses the two plates together from the difference in pressure between the furnace ambient (high pressure) and the channeling and microstructures in the plates (low pressure) due to the vacuum drawn. The apparatus and method may be used to fabricate microcapillary arrays for chemical electrophoresis; for example, any apparatus using a network of microfluidic channels embedded between plates of glass or similar moderate melting point substrates with a gradual softening point curve, or for assembly of glass-based substrates onto larger substrates, such as in flat panel display systems.

  15. Anesthesia cutoff phenomenon: Interfacial hydrogen bonding

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chiou, J.S.; Ma, S.M.; Kamaya, H.; Ueda, I. (Univ. of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City (USA))

    1990-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Anesthesia cutoff refers to the phenomenon of loss of anesthetic potency in a homologous series of alkanes and their derivatives when their sizes become too large. In this study, hydrogen bonding of 1-alkanol series (ethanol to eicosanol) to dipalmitoyl-L-alpha-phosphatidylcholine (DPPC) was studied by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) in DPPC-D2O-in-CCl4 reversed micelles. The alkanols formed hydrogen bonds with the phosphate moiety of DPPC and released the DPPC-bound deuterated water, evidenced by increases in the bound O-H stretching signal of the alkanol-DPPC complex and also in the free O-D stretching band of unbound D2O. These effects increased according to the elongation of the carbon chain of 1-alkanols from ethanol (C2) to 1-decanol (C10), but suddenly almost disappeared at 1-tetradecanol (C14). Anesthetic potencies of these alkanols, estimated by the activity of brine shrimps, were linearly related to hydrogen bond-breaking activities below C10 and agreed with the FTIR data in the cutoff at C10.

  16. Microchannel cooling of face down bonded chips

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bernhardt, Anthony F. (Berkeley, CA)

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Microchannel cooling is applied to flip-chip bonded integrated circuits, in a manner which maintains the advantages of flip-chip bonds, while overcoming the difficulties encountered in cooling the chips. The technique is suited to either multichip integrated circuit boards in a plane, or to stacks of circuit boards in a three dimensional interconnect structure. Integrated circuit chips are mounted on a circuit board using flip-chip or control collapse bonds. A microchannel structure is essentially permanently coupled with the back of the chip. A coolant delivery manifold delivers coolant to the microchannel structure, and a seal consisting of a compressible elastomer is provided between the coolant delivery manifold and the microchannel structure. The integrated circuit chip and microchannel structure are connected together to form a replaceable integrated circuit module which can be easily decoupled from the coolant delivery manifold and the circuit board. The coolant supply manifolds may be disposed between the circuit boards in a stack and coupled to supplies of coolant through a side of the stack.

  17. Microchannel cooling of face down bonded chips

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bernhardt, A.F.

    1993-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Microchannel cooling is applied to flip-chip bonded integrated circuits, in a manner which maintains the advantages of flip-chip bonds, while overcoming the difficulties encountered in cooling the chips. The technique is suited to either multi chip integrated circuit boards in a plane, or to stacks of circuit boards in a three dimensional interconnect structure. Integrated circuit chips are mounted on a circuit board using flip-chip or control collapse bonds. A microchannel structure is essentially permanently coupled with the back of the chip. A coolant delivery manifold delivers coolant to the microchannel structure, and a seal consisting of a compressible elastomer is provided between the coolant delivery manifold and the microchannel structure. The integrated circuit chip and microchannel structure are connected together to form a replaceable integrated circuit module which can be easily decoupled from the coolant delivery manifold and the circuit board. The coolant supply manifolds may be disposed between the circuit boards in a stack and coupled to supplies of coolant through a side of the stack.

  18. Hydrogen Bond Breaking and Reformation in Alcohol Oligomers Following Vibrational Relaxation of a Non-Hydrogen-Bond Donating Hydroxyl Stretch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fayer, Michael D.

    Hydrogen Bond Breaking and Reformation in Alcohol Oligomers Following Vibrational Relaxation of a Non-Hydrogen-Bond Donating Hydroxyl Stretch K. J. Gaffney, I. R. Piletic, and M. D. Fayer* Department measured with ultrafast infrared pump-probe experiments. Non-hydrogen-bond donating OD stretches (2690 cm-1

  19. Issuance Date:: February

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartment ofDepartment ofof EnergyYou$0.C. 20545*. . : '*I_ - I _ _ _ _ --~ *- -I ..'

  20. Type of Issuance: Routine.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    unknown authors

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Incidents, ” (2) Section 1 – Inserted non-fire incident and wildland urban interface support language. (3) Section 3 – Created references to protection and assistance to emergency management. (4) Section 4- Added general statement of appropriate provision of special services, (5) Section 5.6 – Added reference to SPC’s longer range fire weather outlooks, and (6) Section 6 – Added NFDRS verification and user response feedback as measures of effectiveness of program. 1. Fire, in a natural or prescribed form, is important to the maintenance and health of most ecosystems. However, wildfire can also present an urgent threat to life and property, especially in the wildland-urban interface and those fighting fires require expert meteorological support. In addition, non-fire incidents including (but not limited to) hazardous materials spills, search and rescue operations and disaster recovery can also present immediate threats to life and property and require meteorological support. Timely and accurate fire weather forecasts and warnings spanning minutes out to months in the future are used by land and fire management agencies for planning and fire suppression purposes. 2. This directive governs the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s (NOAA)

  1. Ultrasonic evaluation of beryllium-copper diffusion bonds

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jamieson, E.E.

    2000-06-08T23:59:59.000Z

    A study was performed to compare the effectiveness of several advanced ultrasonic techniques when used to determine the strength of diffusion bonded beryllium-copper, which heretofore have each been applied to only a few material systems. The use of integrated backscatter calculations, frequency domain reflection coefficients, and time-of-flight variance was compared in their ability to characterize the bond strength in a series of beryllium-copper diffusion bond samples having a wide variation in bond quality. Correlation of integrated backscatter calculations and time-of-flight variance with bond strength was good. Some correlation of the slope of the frequency based reflection coefficient was shown for medium and high strength bonds, while its Y-intercept showed moderate correlation for all bond strengths.

  2. Bond selective chemistry beyond the adiabatic approximation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Butler, L.J. [Univ. of Chicago, IL (United States)

    1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the most important challenges in chemistry is to develop predictive ability for the branching between energetically allowed chemical reaction pathways. Such predictive capability, coupled with a fundamental understanding of the important molecular interactions, is essential to the development and utilization of new fuels and the design of efficient combustion processes. Existing transition state and exact quantum theories successfully predict the branching between available product channels for systems in which each reaction coordinate can be adequately described by different paths along a single adiabatic potential energy surface. In particular, unimolecular dissociation following thermal, infrared multiphoton, or overtone excitation in the ground state yields a branching between energetically allowed product channels which can be successfully predicted by the application of statistical theories, i.e. the weakest bond breaks. (The predictions are particularly good for competing reactions in which when there is no saddle point along the reaction coordinates, as in simple bond fission reactions.) The predicted lack of bond selectivity results from the assumption of rapid internal vibrational energy redistribution and the implicit use of a single adiabatic Born-Oppenheimer potential energy surface for the reaction. However, the adiabatic approximation is not valid for the reaction of a wide variety of energetic materials and organic fuels; coupling between the electronic states of the reacting species play a a key role in determining the selectivity of the chemical reactions induced. The work described below investigated the central role played by coupling between electronic states in polyatomic molecules in determining the selective branching between energetically allowed fragmentation pathways in two key systems.

  3. Partial-Transient-Liquid-Phase Bonding of Advanced Ceramics Using Surface-Modified Interlayers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reynolds, Thomas Bither

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Alumina Diffusion Bonding and Titanium Active Brazing."O 3 -Titanium Adhesion in the View of the Diffusion Bonding

  4. Repairable chip bonding/interconnect process

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bernhardt, Anthony F. (Berkeley, CA); Contolini, Robert J. (Livermore, CA); Malba, Vincent (Livermore, CA); Riddle, Robert A. (Tracy, CA)

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A repairable, chip-to-board interconnect process which addresses cost and testability issues in the multi-chip modules. This process can be carried out using a chip-on-sacrificial-substrate technique, involving laser processing. This process avoids the curing/solvent evolution problems encountered in prior approaches, as well is resolving prior plating problems and the requirements for fillets. For repairable high speed chip-to-board connection, transmission lines can be formed on the sides of the chip from chip bond pads, ending in a gull wing at the bottom of the chip for subsequent solder.

  5. Repairable chip bonding/interconnect process

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bernhardt, A.F.; Contolini, R.J.; Malba, V.; Riddle, R.A.

    1997-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

    A repairable, chip-to-board interconnect process which addresses cost and testability issues in the multi-chip modules is disclosed. This process can be carried out using a chip-on-sacrificial-substrate technique, involving laser processing. This process avoids the curing/solvent evolution problems encountered in prior approaches, as well is resolving prior plating problems and the requirements for fillets. For repairable high speed chip-to-board connection, transmission lines can be formed on the sides of the chip from chip bond pads, ending in a gull wing at the bottom of the chip for subsequent solder. 10 figs.

  6. Covalent Bonding in Actinide Sandwich Molecules

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-Series to User GroupInformationE-GovNatural GasCourse ClustersCovalent Bonding in

  7. Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarly Careerlumens_placard-green.epsEnergy1.pdfMarket37963 Vol.Department of EnergyMarchU.S.Bonds

  8. The Molecular Bond: October 2014 | EMSL

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear SecurityTensile Strain Switched Ferromagnetism in Layered NbS2 andThe Molecular Bond: October 2014 The Molecular

  9. Qualified Energy Conservation Bond (QECB) Update: New

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion | Department ofT ib l L dDepartment of EnergyQualified Energy Conservation Bond (QECB)

  10. Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion | Department ofT ib l L dDepartment of EnergyQualified EnergyBonds Qualified Energy

  11. Covalent Bonding in Actinide Sandwich Molecules

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed Newcatalyst phases on &gamma;-Al2O3. |ID#:Synchrotron RadiationCovalent Bonding

  12. Cement Bond Log | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 NoPublic Utilities Address: 160Benin:Energy Information on PV EconomicsOregon: Energy ResourcesCeilingCement Bond

  13. Chemically bonded phospho-silicate ceramics

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wagh, Arun S. (Orland Park, IL); Jeong, Seung Y. (Westmont, IL); Lohan, Dirk (Chicago, IL); Elizabeth, Anne (Chicago, IL)

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A chemically bonded phospho-silicate ceramic formed by chemically reacting a monovalent alkali metal phosphate (or ammonium hydrogen phosphate) and a sparsely soluble oxide, with a sparsely soluble silicate in an aqueous solution. The monovalent alkali metal phosphate (or ammonium hydrogen phosphate) and sparsely soluble oxide are both in powder form and combined in a stochiometric molar ratio range of (0.5-1.5):1 to form a binder powder. Similarly, the sparsely soluble silicate is also in powder form and mixed with the binder powder to form a mixture. Water is added to the mixture to form a slurry. The water comprises 50% by weight of the powder mixture in said slurry. The slurry is allowed to harden. The resulting chemically bonded phospho-silicate ceramic exhibits high flexural strength, high compression strength, low porosity and permeability to water, has a definable and bio-compatible chemical composition, and is readily and easily colored to almost any desired shade or hue.

  14. Internal Revenue Service

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Form 5500. Schedule D (Form 5500) 2012 v. 120126 12312012 45-3246495-001 351202784 20-3104541 M 01012012 LANS 401(K) RETIREMENT PLAN LOS ALAMOS NATIONAL SECURITY, LLC 001 LOS...

  15. ATIS -- Alternative Revenue Approaches

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yim, Y. B.

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    approaches to achieve a self sustaining ATIS, identifywith an emphasis on building a self-sustaining ATIS based onapproaches to achieve a self sustaining ATIS. The emphasis

  16. Internal Revenue Service

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFunInfrared LandResponses to Engineered Nanomaterials: The NIEHS1 01/01/2013 LOS

  17. Internal Revenue Service

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFunInfrared LandResponses to Engineered Nanomaterials: The NIEHS1 01/01/2013 LOS2

  18. Internal Revenue Service

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFunInfrared LandResponses to Engineered Nanomaterials: The541990 FILED WITH

  19. Internal Revenue Service

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFunInfrared LandResponses to Engineered Nanomaterials: The541990 FILED WITH1

  20. Internal Revenue Service

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFunInfrared LandResponses to Engineered Nanomaterials: The541990 FILED WITH12

  1. Torsion Testing of Diffusion Bonded LIGA Formed Nickel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Buchheit, T.E.; Christenson, T.R.; Schmale, D.T.

    1999-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

    A test technique has been devised which is suitable for the testing of the bond strength of batch diffusion bonded LIGA or DXRL defined structures. The method uses a torsion tester constructed with the aid of LIGA fabrication and distributed torsion specimens which also make use of the high aspect ratio nature of DXRL based processing. Measurements reveal achieved bond strengths of 130MPa between electroplated nickel with a bond temperature of 450 C at 7 ksi pressure which is a sufficiently low temperature to avoid mechanical strength degradation.

  2. Effects of atmospheres on bonding characteristics of silver and...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    temperature. To investigate the effects of atmospheres on the bonding characteristics of ceramic joints brazed with Ag-CuO braze filler metals, alumina joints prepared using a...

  3. FITCH RATES ENERGY NORTHWEST (WA) ELECTRIC REV REF BONDS 'AA...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    FITCH RATES ENERGY NORTHWEST (WA) ELECTRIC REV REF BONDS 'AA'; OUTLOOK STABLE Fitch Ratings-Austin-08 April 2015: Fitch Ratings assigns 'AA' ratings to the following Energy...

  4. Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (QECBs) APPENDIX A: QECB...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Qualified energy conservation bonds appendices. Author: U. S. Department of Energy Appendix A: QECB Counsel, Underwriters, Banks and Trustees More Documents & Publications...

  5. Hydrogen-Bond Networks: Strengths of Different Types of Hydrogen...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    energetic driving force for enzyme catalysis and conformational changes such as in protein folding due to multiple hydrogen bonds in a HBN. Citation: Shokri A, Y Wang, GA...

  6. ORNL: Low-Cost Direct Bonded Aluminum (DBA) Substrates (Agreement...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Direct Bonded Aluminum (DBA) Substrates (Agreement ID:23278) 2013 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer...

  7. ORNL: Low-Cost Direct Bonded Aluminum (DBA) Substrates (Agreement...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Low-Cost Direct Bonded Aluminum (DBA) Substrates H. -T. Lin, A. A. Wereszczak, and S. Waters Oak Ridge National Laboratory This presentation does not contain any proprietary,...

  8. Energetics of Hydrogen Bond Network Rearrangements in Liquid...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Energetics of Hydrogen Bond Network Rearrangements in Liquid Water Print The unique chemical and physical properties of liquid water are thought to result from the highly...

  9. adhesively bonded shell: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    various conditions, including the type of surface preparation, pH of the environmental media, (more) Xu, Dingying 2004-01-01 2 Bond Characteristics and Qualifications of...

  10. Wafer bonded epitaxial templates for silicon heterostructures

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Atwater, Jr., Harry A. (So. Pasadena, CA); Zahler, James M. (Pasadena, CA); Morral, Anna Fontcubera I (Paris, FR)

    2008-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

    A heterostructure device layer is epitaxially grown on a virtual substrate, such as an InP/InGaAs/InP double heterostructure. A device substrate and a handle substrate form the virtual substrate. The device substrate is bonded to the handle substrate and is composed of a material suitable for fabrication of optoelectronic devices. The handle substrate is composed of a material suitable for providing mechanical support. The mechanical strength of the device and handle substrates is improved and the device substrate is thinned to leave a single-crystal film on the virtual substrate such as by exfoliation of a device film from the device substrate. An upper portion of the device film exfoliated from the device substrate is removed to provide a smoother and less defect prone surface for an optoelectronic device. A heterostructure is epitaxially grown on the smoothed surface in which an optoelectronic device may be fabricated.

  11. Method of bonding single crystal quartz by field-assisted bonding

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Curlee, Richard M. (Tijeras, NM); Tuthill, Clinton D. (Edgewood, NM); Watkins, Randall D. (Albuquerque, NM)

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The method of producing a hermetic stable structural bond between quartz crystals includes providing first and second quartz crystals and depositing thin films of borosilicate glass and silicon on portions of the first and second crystals, respectively. The portions of the first and second crystals are then juxtaposed in a surface contact relationship and heated to a temperature for a period sufficient to cause the glass and silicon films to become electrically conductive. An electrical potential is then applied across the first and second crystals for creating an electrostatic field between the adjoining surfaces and causing the juxtaposed portions to be attracted into an intimate contact and form a bond for joining the adjoining surfaces of the crystals.

  12. Quantum Finance Hamiltonian for Coupon Bond European and Barrier Options

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaudhuri, Sanjay

    Quantum Finance Hamiltonian for Coupon Bond European and Barrier Options Belal E. Baaquie RMI are financial derivatives that can be analyzed in the Hamiltonian formulation of quantum finance. Forward-2963 Fax: (65) 6777-6126 Email: phybeb@nus.edu.sg #12;Quantum Finance Hamiltonian for Coupon Bond European

  13. BOND PROPERTIES OF CFCC PRESTRESSING STRANDS IN PRETENSIONED CONCRETE BEAMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    BOND PROPERTIES OF CFCC PRESTRESSING STRANDS IN PRETENSIONED CONCRETE BEAMS by Nolan G. Domenico plastic prestressing strands (CFCC) in pretensioned concrete beams. The bond characteristics are examined for 15.2 mm diameter and 12.5 mm diameter seven-wire CFCC strands. Ten prestressed concrete beams

  14. Time- and temperature-dependent failures of a bonded joint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sihn, Sangwook; Miyano, Yasushi; Tsai, S.W. [Stanford Univ., Palo Alto, CA (United States)

    1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Time and temperature dependent properties of a tubular lap bonded joint are reported. The joint bonds a cast iron rod and a composite pipe together with an epoxy type of an adhesive material containing chopped glass fiber. A new fabrication method is proposed.

  15. Electrically conductive resinous bond and method of manufacture

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Snowden, T.M. Jr.; Wells, B.J.

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A method of bonding elements together with a bond of high strength and good electrical conductivity which comprises: applying an unfilled polyimide resin between surfaces of the elements to be bonded, heat treating said unfilled polyimide resin in stages between a temperature range of about 40 to 365/sup 0/C to form a strong adhesive bond between said elements, applying a metal-filled polyimide resin overcoat between said elements so as to provide electrical connection therebetween, and heat treating said metal-filled polyimide resin with substantially the same temperature profile as the unfilled polyimide resin. The present invention is also concerned with an adhesive, resilient, substantially void free bonding combination for providing a high strength, electrically conductive adhesive attachment between electrically conductive elements which comprises a major amount of an unfilled polyimide resin and a minor amount of a metal-filled polyimide resin.

  16. Theoretical Electron Density Distributions for Fe-and Cu-Sulfide Earth Materials: A Connection between Bond Length, Bond Critical Point Properties, Local Energy Densities,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Downs, Robert T.

    , Biomolecular and Chemical Sciences, UniVersity of Western Australia, Australia ReceiVed: August 7, 2006 between Bond Length, Bond Critical Point Properties, Local Energy Densities, and Bonded Interactions G. V; In Final Form: December 6, 2006 Bond critical point and local energy density properties together with net

  17. Transient-Liquid-Phase (TLP) Bonding of Al2O3 Using Nb-based Multilayer Interlayers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hong, Sung Moo

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Alumina Diffusion Bonding and Titanium Active Brazing.Requirements for Diffusion Bonding Titanium. In: Jaffee RI,O 3 -Titanium Adhesion in the View of the Diffusion Bonding

  18. Transient-Liquid-Phase (TLP) Bonding of Al2O3 Using Nb-based Multilayer Interlayers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hong, Sung Moo

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    p. 539-44. Derby B. Diffusion Bonding. In: Nicholas M (ed).Requirements for Diffusion Bonding Titanium. In: Jaffee RI,Contact During Diffusion Bonding. Metallurgical Transactions

  19. E-Print Network 3.0 - adhesively bonded lap Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The lap-shear strengths of adhesively bonded polystyrene (PS), high-density polyethylene (HDPE... bonded in a lap-shear geometry. The bonded area of adhesion was nominally...

  20. Preliminary Characterisation of Low-Temperature Bonded Copper Interconnects for 3-D Integrated Circuits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leong, Hoi Liong

    Three dimensional (3-D) integrated circuits can be fabricated by bonding previously processed device layers using metal-metal bonds that also serve as layer-to-layer interconnects. Bonded copper interconnects test structures ...

  1. Hydrogen Bond Dynamics Probed with Ultrafast Infrared Heterodyne-Detected Multidimensional Vibrational Stimulated Echoes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fayer, Michael D.

    Hydrogen Bond Dynamics Probed with Ultrafast Infrared Heterodyne-Detected Multidimensional, USA (Received 24 February 2003; published 3 December 2003) Hydrogen bond dynamics are explicated hydrogen bonded network are measured with ultrashort (

  2. Bonding Low-density Nanoporous Metal Foams Using Sputtered Solder

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bono, M; Cervantes, O; Akaba, C; Hamza, A; Foreman, R; Teslich, N

    2007-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

    A method has been developed for bonding low-density nanoporous metal foam components to a substrate using solder that is sputtered onto the surfaces. Metal foams have unusual properties that make them excellent choices for many applications, and as technologies for processing these materials are evolving, their use in industry is increasing dramatically. Metal foams are lightweight and have advantageous dynamic properties, which make them excellent choices for many structural applications. They also provide good acoustic damping, low thermal conductivity, and excellent energy absorption characteristics. Therefore, these materials are commonly used in the automotive, aerospace, construction, and biomedical industries. The synthesis of nanoporous metal foams with a cell size of less then 1 {micro}m is an emerging technology that is expected to lead to widespread application of metal foams in microdevices, such as sensors and actuators. One of the challenges to manufacturing components from metal foams is that they can be difficult to attach to other structures without degrading their properties. For example, traditional liquid adhesives cannot be used because they are absorbed into foams. The problem of bonding or joining can be particularly difficult for small-scale devices made from nanoporous foam, due to the requirement for a thin bond layer. The current study addresses this problem and develops a method of soldering a nanoporous metal foam to a substrate with a bond thickness of less than 2 {micro}m. There are many applications that require micro-scale metal foams precisely bonded to substrates. This study was motivated by a physics experiment that used a laser to drive a shock wave through an aluminum foil and into a copper foam, in order to determine the speed of the shock in the copper foam. To avoid disturbing the shock, the interface between the copper foam and the aluminum substrate had to be as thin as possible. There are many other applications that could benefit from the bonding technology developed in this study, such as small-scale lightweight structural members, high-strength thermal insulating layers for electronics, and micro-scale mechanical dampers, to name but a few. Each of these applications requires one or more small metal foam components precisely bonded to a substrate. Several methods for bonding metal foam components have been developed by previous researchers. Macroscopic metal foam parts have been successfully bonded by laser welding to create T-sections and butt joints. Ultrasonic welding has been used to join aluminum sheet metal to aluminum foam for structural applications. These methods work well for bonding large foam components, but reducing these methods to a smaller length scale would be challenging. One method that has shown great potential for bonding layers of metal foams to substrates is a brazing process that uses a sputter-deposited interface material. Shirzadi et al.[9] have demonstrated bonds between stainless steel foam and a stainless steel substrate using a layer of copper-titanium filler metal that is sputtered onto the interface surfaces. The foam pieces that they bonded were approximately 10 mm in diameter and 10 mm thick with a cell size of approximately 200 {micro}m. After depositing the filler material, pressing the materials together, and heating them with an induction heater, bonds were achieved without causing significant damage to the foam. The current study also uses a sputter-deposited interface material to bond foam to a substrate. However, in contrast to previous work, the current study examines bonding microscale pieces of fragile nanoporous metal foam. In this study, a method is developed to bond a thin sheet of fragile, low-density nanoporous copper foam to an aluminum foil substrate of thickness 40 {micro}m. By sputter depositing an indium-silver alloy onto the foam and the substrate, a solder joint with a thickness of less than 2 {micro}m was achieved.

  3. Hydrogen-Bond Networks: Strengths of Different Types of Hydrogen Bonds and An Alternative to the Low Barrier Hydrogen-Bond Proposal

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shokri, Alireza; Wang, Yanping; O'Doherty, George A.; Wang, Xue B.; Kass, Steven R.

    2013-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

    We report quantifying the strengths of different types of hydrogen bonds in hydrogen bond networks (HBNs) via measurement of the adiabatic electron detachment energy of the conjugate base of a small covalent polyol model compound (i.e., (HOCH2CH2CH(OH)CH2)2CHOH) in the gas phase and the pKa of the corresponding acid in DMSO. The latter result reveals that the hydrogen bonds to the charged center and those that are one solvation shell further away (i.e., primary and secondary) provide 5.3 and 2.5 pKa units of stabilization per hydrogen bond in DMSO. Computations indicate that these energies increase to 8.4 and 3.9 pKa units in benzene and that the total stabilizations are 16 (DMSO) and 25 (benzene) pKa units. Calculations on a larger linear heptaol (i.e., (HOCH2CH2CH(OH)CH2CH(OH)CH2)2CHOH) reveal that the terminal hydroxyl groups each contribute 0.6 pKa units of stabilization in DMSO and 1.1 pKa units in benzene. All of these results taken together indicate that the presence of a charged center can provide a powerful energetic driving force for enzyme catalysis and conformational changes such as in protein folding due to multiple hydrogen bonds in a HBN.

  4. Semi-flexible hydrogen-bonded and non-hydrogen bonded lattice polymers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J Krawczyk; AL Owczarek; T Prellberg

    2008-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the addition of stiffness to the lattice model of hydrogen-bonded polymers in two and three dimensions. We find that, in contrast to polymers that interact via a homogeneous short-range interaction, the collapse transition is unchanged by any amount of stiffness: this supports the physical argument that hydrogen bonding already introduces an effective stiffness. Contrary to possible physical arguments, favouring bends in the polymer does not return the model's behaviour to that comparable to the semi-flexible homogeneous interaction model, where the canonical $\\theta$-point occurs for a range of parameter values. In fact, for sufficiently large bending energies the crystal phase disappears altogether, and no phase transition of any type occurs. We also compare the order-disorder transition from the globule phase to crystalline phase in the semi-flexible homogeneous interaction model to that for the fully-flexible hybrid model with both hydrogen and non-hydrogen like interactions. We show that these phase transitions are of the same type and are a novel polymer critical phenomena in two dimensions. That is, it is confirmed that in two dimensions this transition is second-order, unlike in three dimensions where it is known to be first order. We also estimate the crossover exponent and show that there is a divergent specific heat, finding $\\phi=0.7(1)$ or equivalently $\\alpha=0.6(2)$. This is therefore different from the $\\theta$ transition, for which $\\alpha=-1/3$.

  5. E-Print Network 3.0 - affects durably bonding Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    adhesive layers are less affected, creep behavior of adhesively bonded joints... ABSTRACT SMITH, GLEN. Bond Characteristics and Qualifications of Adhesives for ... Source:...

  6. E-Print Network 3.0 - adhesive bond strength Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    The lap-shear strengths of adhesively bonded polystyrene (PS), high-density polyethylene (HDPE... 12;strength of the substrate, or the adhesive strength of the bond 9....

  7. E-Print Network 3.0 - amide bonds stabilize Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Amide-Amide and Amide-Water Hydrogen Bonds Summary: Bonds: Implicationsfor Protein Folding and Stability Eric S.Eberhardt and Ronald T. Rained Department... folds, many of...

  8. Surface Modification by Atmospheric Pressure Plasma for Improved Bonding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Thomas Scott

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    prepared using (a) the IPA wipe (control), (b) sanding, (c)of aluminum alloy 2024: a) IPA wiped, b) sanded with 180bond primer with a) the IPA wipe (control), b) sanding, c)

  9. Spectroscopic investigations of hydrogen bond dynamics in liquid water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fecko, Christopher J., 1975-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Many of the remarkable physical and chemical properties of liquid water are due to the strong influence hydrogen bonds have on its microscopic dynamics. However, because of the fast timescales involved, there are relatively ...

  10. Bond resonance energy and verification of the isolated pentagon rule

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aihara, Jun Ichi [Shizuoka Univ. (Japan)

    1995-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The isolated pentagon rule (IPR) states that fullerenes with isolated pentagons are kinetically much more stable than their fused pentagon counterparts. This rule can be verified in terms of a graph-theoretically defined bond resonance energy. In general, a {pi} bond shared by two pentagons has a large negative bond resonance energy, thus contributing significantly to the increase in kinetic instability or chemical reactivity of the molecule. The existence of such highly antiaromatic local structures sharply distinguishes IPR-violating fullerenes from isolated-pentagon isomers. {pi}bonds shared by two pentagons are shared by many antiaromatic conjugated circuits but not by relatively small aromatic conjugated circuits. 39 refs., 3 figs., 5 tabs.

  11. aliphatic ch bonds: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2015-01-01 39 H-atom high-n Rydberg time-of-flight spectroscopy of CH bond fission in acrolein dissociated at 193 nm Chemistry Websites Summary: H-atom high-n Rydberg...

  12. Creep effects in diffusion bonding of oxygen-free copper

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moilanen, Antti

    Diffusion is the transport of atoms or particles through the surrounding material. Various microstructural changes in metals are based on the diffusion phenomena. In solid metals the diffusion is closely related to crystallographic defects. In single-component metals the dominant mechanism of diffusion is the vacancy mechanism. Diffusion bonding is a direct technological application of diffusion. It is an advanced solidstate joining process in which the surfaces of two components are brought to contact with each other and heated under a pressing load in a controlled environment. During the process, the contact surfaces are bonded by atomic diffusion across the interface and as a result, one solid piece is formed. The condition of high temperature and low applied stress combined with relatively long process duration enables the creep effects to take place in bonded metals. Furthermore, creep causes unwanted permanent deformations in the bonded components. Some authors suggest that there could be a threshold fo...

  13. Resummed thermodynamic perturbation theory for bond cooperativity in associating fluids

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marshall, Bennett D., E-mail: bennettd1980@gmail.com; Chapman, Walter G. [Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Rice University, 6100 S. Main, Houston, Texas 77005 (United States)] [Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Rice University, 6100 S. Main, Houston, Texas 77005 (United States)

    2013-12-07T23:59:59.000Z

    We develop a resummed thermodynamic perturbation theory for bond cooperativity in associating fluids by extension of Wertheim's multi-density formalism. We specifically consider the case of an associating hard sphere with two association sites and both pairwise and triplet contributions to the energy, such that the first bond in an associated cluster receives an energy ??{sup (1)} and each subsequent bond in the cluster receives an energy ??{sup (2)}. To test the theory we perform new Monte Carlo simulations for potentials of this type. Theory and simulation are found to be in excellent agreement. We show that decreasing the energetic benefit of hydrogen bonding can actually result in a decrease in internal energy in the fluid. We also predict that when ?{sup (1)} = 0 and ?{sup (2)} is nonzero there is a transition temperature where the system transitions from a fluid of monomers to a mixture of monomers and very long chains.

  14. FITCH RATES PORT OF MORROW (OR) TRANSMISSION FACILITIES REV BONDS...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    FITCH RATES PORT OF MORROW (OR) TRANSMISSION FACILITIES REV BONDS 'AA'; OUTLOOK STABLE Fitch Ratings-Austin-24 November 2014: Fitch Ratings assigns 'AA' ratings to the Port of...

  15. Low-Cost Financing with Clean Renewable Energy Bonds

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Contains information from the TAP Webcast on June 24, 2009 on clean renewable energy bonds from Claire Kreycik on feed-in tariffs, an economic resource for developing renewable energy.

  16. Application of Social Impact Bonds in Built Infrastructure Sustainability Projects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    White, Robert Joseph

    2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study examines a first look at the implementation of Social Impact Bonds (SIB) for sustainability projects by comparing two cases. The cases are described using System Dynamic (SD) modeling to portray the feedback structures and characteristics...

  17. Foreign trade zones and bonded warehouses for luxury goods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Petrova, Nadya (Nadya Naydenova)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We explore and compare the benefits of establishing and operating Foreign Trade Zones (FTZs) and Bonded Warehouses (BWs) for luxury goods in North America, using the case of the distribution network of Ralph Lauren Corporation ...

  18. Low-Cost Direct Bonded Aluminum (DBA) Substrates

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Low-Cost Direct Bonded Aluminum (DBA) Substrates H. -T. Lin, A. A. Wereszczak, M. L. Santella, and G. Muralidharan Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) This presentation does not...

  19. Mpemba paradox: Hydrogen bond memory and water-skin supersolidity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang Q Sun

    2015-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Numerical reproduction of measurements, experimental evidence for skin super-solidity and hydrogen-bond memory clarified that Mpemba paradox integrates the heat emission-conduction-dissipation dynamics in the source-path-drain cycle system.

  20. Ultrafast structural fluctuations and rearrangements of water's hydrogen bonded network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loparo, Joseph J. (Joseph John)

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Aqueous chemistry is strongly influenced by water's ability to form an extended network of hydrogen bonds. It is the fluctuations and rearrangements of this network that stabilize reaction products and drive the transport ...

  1. Bond Distortions in Armchair Type Single Wall Carbon Nanotubes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    N. Sunel; E. Rizaoglu; K. Harigaya; O. Ozsoy

    2005-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

    The energy band gap structure and stability of (3,3) and (10,10) nanotubes have been comparatively investigated in the frameworks of the traditional form of the Su-Schrieffer-Heeger (SSH) model and a toy model including the contributions of bonds of different types to the SSH Hamiltonian differently. Both models give the same energy band gap structure but bond length distortions in different characters for the nanotubes.

  2. Microbial cleavage of organic C-S bonds

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kilbane, J.J. II.

    1994-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

    A microbial process is described for selective cleavage of organic C-S bonds which may be used for reducing the sulfur content of sulfur-containing organic carbonaceous materials. Microorganisms of Rhodococcus rhodochrous and Bacillus sphaericus have been found which have the ability of selective cleavage of organic C-S bonds. Particularly preferred microorganisms are Rhodococcus rhodochrous strain ATCC 53968 and Bacillus sphaericus strain ATCC 53969 and their derivatives.

  3. BN Bonded BN fiber article and method of manufacture

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hamilton, Robert S. (Youngstown, NY)

    1981-08-18T23:59:59.000Z

    A boron nitride bonded boron nitride fiber article and the method for its manufacture which comprises forming a shaped article with a composition comprising a bonding compound selected from boron oxide and boric acid and a structural fiber selected from the group consisting of boron oxide, boron nitride and partially nitrided boron oxide fibers, heating the composition in an anhydrous gas to a temperature above the melting point of the compound and nitriding the resulting article in ammonia gas.

  4. Mercury stabilization in chemically bonded phosphate ceramics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wagh, A. S.; Singh, D.; Jeong, S. Y.

    2000-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Mercury stabilization and solidification is a significant challenge for conventional stabilization technologies. This is because of the stringent regulatory limits on leaching of its stabilized products. In a conventional cement stabilization process, Hg is converted at high pH to its hydroxide, which is not a very insoluble compound; hence the preferred route for Hg sulfidation to convert it into insoluble cinnabar (HgS). Unfortunately, efficient formation of this compound is pH-dependent. At a high pH, one obtains a more soluble Hg sulfate, in a very low pH range, insufficient immobilization occurs because of the escape of hydrogen sulfide, while efficient formation of HgS occurs only in a moderately acidic region. Thus, the pH range of 4 to 8 is where stabilization with Chemically Bonded Phosphate Ceramics (CBPC) is carried out. This paper discusses the authors experience on bench-scale stabilization of various US Department of Energy (DOE) waste streams containing Hg in the CBPC process. This process was developed to treat DOE's mixed waste streams. It is a room-temperature-setting process based on an acid-base reaction between magnesium oxide and monopotassium phosphate solution that forms a dense ceramic within hours. For Hg stabilization, addition of a small amount (< 1 wt.%) of Na{sub 2}S or K{sub 2}S is sufficient in the binder composition. Here the Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure (TCLP) results on CBPC waste forms of surrogate waste streams representing secondary Hg containing wastes such as combustion residues and Delphi DETOX{trademark} residues are presented. The results show that although the current limit on leaching of Hg is 0.2 mg/L, the results from the CBPC waste forms are at least one order lower than this stringent limit. Encouraged by these results on surrogate wastes, they treated actual low-level Hg-containing mixed waste from their facility at Idaho. TCLP results on this waste are presented here. The efficient stabilization in all these cases is attributed to chemical immobilization as both a sulfide (cinnabar) and a phosphate, followed by its physical encapsulation in a dense matrix of the ceramic.

  5. Bonded Bracket Assmebly for Frameless Solar Panels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Murray, Todd

    2013-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

    In February 2011 the US Department of Energy announced their new Sunshot Initiative. The Sunshot goal is to reduce the total cost of solar energy systems by about 75 percent before the end of the decade. The DOE estimated that a total installed cost of $1 per watt for photovoltaic systems would be equivalent to 6���¢/kilowatt hour (kWh) for energy available from the grid. The DOE also estimated that to meet the $1 per watt goal, PV module costs would need to be reduced to $.50 per watt, balance of systems costs would need to be reduced to $.40 per watt, and power electronic costs would need to reach $.10 per watt. To address the BOS balance of systems cost component of the $1 per watt goal, the DOE announced a funding opportunity called (BOS-X) Extreme Balance of System Hardware Cost Reductions. The DOE identified eight areas within the total BOS costs: 1) installation labor, 2) installation materials, 3) installation overhead and profit, 4) tracker, 5) permitting and commissioning, 6) site preparation, 7) land acquisition, 8) sales tax. The BOS-X funding announcement requested applications in four specific topics: Topic 1: Transformational Building Integrated Photovoltaic (BIPV) Modules Topic 2: Roof and Ground Mount Innovations Topic 3: Transformational Photovoltaic System Designs Topic 4: Development of New Wind Load Codes for PV Systems The application submitted by ARaymond Tinnerman reflected the requirements listed in Topic #2, Roof and Ground Mount Innovations. The goal of topic #2 was to develop technologies that would result in the extreme reduction of material and labor costs associated with applications that require physical connections and attachments to roof and ground mount structures. The topics researched in this project included component cost reduction, labor reduction, weight reduction, wiring innovations, and alternative material utilization. The project objectives included: 1) The development of an innovative quick snap bracket assembly that would be bonded to frameless PV modules for commercial rooftop installations. 2) The development of a composite pultruded rail to replace traditional racking materials. 3) In partnership with a roofing company, pilot the certification of a commercial roof to be solar panel compliant, eliminating the need for structural analysis and government oversight resulting in significantly decreased permitting costs. 4) Reduce the sum of all cost impacts in topic #2 from a baseline total of $2.05/watt to $.34/watt.

  6. PROPOSED MODIFICATION TO THE ACI 318-02 CODE EQUATION ON BOND STRENGTH FOR MMFX STEEL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ST-263-1 PROPOSED MODIFICATION TO THE ACI 318-02 CODE EQUATION ON BOND STRENGTH FOR MMFX STEEL R the bond characteristics of Micro-composite Multi-structural Formable reinforcing steel rebars of the current equation of the ACI 318-02 Code on bond to predict the bond capacity of the MMFX steel rebars

  7. Mechanical Study of Copper Bonded at Low Temperature using Spark Plasma Sintering Process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    is approximatively 6.47 MPa [7]. J. W. Elmer & al [8] have presented a diffusion bonding of high purity copper using a conventional furnace. A series of diffusion bonds was done to determine the relationship between bond strengthMechanical Study of Copper Bonded at Low Temperature using Spark Plasma Sintering Process Bassem

  8. Highly Efficient Vertical Outgassing Channels for Robust, Void-Free, Low-Temperature Direct Wafer Bonding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bowers, John

    molecules diffusion at bonding interface to VOCs. Conventional anneal time of 12-18 hours required to bond Bonding Di Liang1 , Erik A. Lucero2 , John E. Bowers1 1 Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering wafer bonding is favored for dissimilar materials integration, particularly in III-V compound

  9. The C OH O hydrogen bond: A determinant of stability and specificity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Senes, Alessandro

    recovered by hydro- gen bond formation, so hydrogen bonds provide a small or even unfavorable net energy hydro- gen bond has been unclear and its interaction energy has been believed to be small. Recently that apparent carbon hydro- gen bonds cluster frequently at glycine-, serine-, and threonine-rich packing

  10. Thermal Performance and Reliability of Bonded Interfaces for Power Electronics Packaging Applications (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Devoto, D.

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This presentation discusses the thermal performance and reliability of bonded interfaces for power electronics packaging applications.

  11. A new hydrogen-bonding potential for the design of proteinRNA interactions predicts specific

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baker, David

    A new hydrogen-bonding potential for the design of protein­RNA interactions predicts specific-dependent hydrogen-bonding potential based on the statistical analysis of hydrogen-bonding geometries of hydrogen-bonding atom pairs at protein­ nucleic acid interfaces. A scoring function based on the hydrogen

  12. Hydrogen Bond Migration between Molecular Sites Observed with Ultrafast 2D IR Chemical Exchange Spectroscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fayer, Michael D.

    Hydrogen Bond Migration between Molecular Sites Observed with Ultrafast 2D IR Chemical ExchangeVed: January 12, 2010 Hydrogen-bonded complexes between phenol and phenylacetylene are studied using ultrafast hydrogen bonding acceptor sites (phenyl or acetylene) that compete for hydrogen bond donors in solution

  13. Effect of quantum nuclear motion on hydrogen bonding

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McKenzie, Ross H., E-mail: r.mckenzie@uq.edu.au; Bekker, Christiaan [School of Mathematics and Physics, University of Queensland, Brisbane 4072 (Australia)] [School of Mathematics and Physics, University of Queensland, Brisbane 4072 (Australia); Athokpam, Bijyalaxmi; Ramesh, Sai G. [Department of Inorganic and Physical Chemistry, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560 012 (India)] [Department of Inorganic and Physical Chemistry, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560 012 (India)

    2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

    This work considers how the properties of hydrogen bonded complexes, X–H?Y, are modified by the quantum motion of the shared proton. Using a simple two-diabatic state model Hamiltonian, the analysis of the symmetric case, where the donor (X) and acceptor (Y) have the same proton affinity, is carried out. For quantitative comparisons, a parametrization specific to the O–H?O complexes is used. The vibrational energy levels of the one-dimensional ground state adiabatic potential of the model are used to make quantitative comparisons with a vast body of condensed phase data, spanning a donor-acceptor separation (R) range of about 2.4 ? 3.0 Ĺ, i.e., from strong to weak hydrogen bonds. The position of the proton (which determines the X–H bond length) and its longitudinal vibrational frequency, along with the isotope effects in both are described quantitatively. An analysis of the secondary geometric isotope effect, using a simple extension of the two-state model, yields an improved agreement of the predicted variation with R of frequency isotope effects. The role of bending modes is also considered: their quantum effects compete with those of the stretching mode for weak to moderate H-bond strengths. In spite of the economy in the parametrization of the model used, it offers key insights into the defining features of H-bonds, and semi-quantitatively captures several trends.

  14. Rhodium-Catalyzed C-C Bond Formation via Heteroatom-Directed C-H Bond Activation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Colby, Denise; Bergman, Robert; Ellman, Jonathan

    2010-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Once considered the 'holy grail' of organometallic chemistry, synthetically useful reactions employing C-H bond activation have increasingly been developed and applied to natural product and drug synthesis over the past decade. The ubiquity and relative low cost of hydrocarbons makes C-H bond functionalization an attractive alternative to classical C-C bond forming reactions such as cross-coupling, which require organohalides and organometallic reagents. In addition to providing an atom economical alternative to standard cross - coupling strategies, C-H bond functionalization also reduces the production of toxic by-products, thereby contributing to the growing field of reactions with decreased environmental impact. In the area of C-C bond forming reactions that proceed via a C-H activation mechanism, rhodium catalysts stand out for their functional group tolerance and wide range of synthetic utility. Over the course of the last decade, many Rh-catalyzed methods for heteroatom-directed C-H bond functionalization have been reported and will be the focus of this review. Material appearing in the literature prior to 2001 has been reviewed previously and will only be introduced as background when necessary. The synthesis of complex molecules from relatively simple precursors has long been a goal for many organic chemists. The ability to selectively functionalize a molecule with minimal pre-activation can streamline syntheses and expand the opportunities to explore the utility of complex molecules in areas ranging from the pharmaceutical industry to materials science. Indeed, the issue of selectivity is paramount in the development of all C-H bond functionalization methods. Several groups have developed elegant approaches towards achieving selectivity in molecules that possess many sterically and electronically similar C-H bonds. Many of these approaches are discussed in detail in the accompanying articles in this special issue of Chemical Reviews. One approach that has seen widespread success involves the use of a proximal heteroatom that serves as a directing group for the selective functionalization of a specific C-H bond. In a survey of examples of heteroatom-directed Rh catalysis, two mechanistically distinct reaction pathways are revealed. In one case, the heteroatom acts as a chelator to bind the Rh catalyst, facilitating reactivity at a proximal site. In this case, the formation of a five-membered metallacycle provides a favorable driving force in inducing reactivity at the desired location. In the other case, the heteroatom initially coordinates the Rh catalyst and then acts to stabilize the formation of a metal-carbon bond at a proximal site. A true test of the utility of a synthetic method is in its application to the synthesis of natural products or complex molecules. Several groups have demonstrated the applicability of C-H bond functionalization reactions towards complex molecule synthesis. Target-oriented synthesis provides a platform to test the effectiveness of a method in unique chemical and steric environments. In this respect, Rh-catalyzed methods for C-H bond functionalization stand out, with several syntheses being described in the literature that utilize C-H bond functionalization in a key step. These syntheses are highlighted following the discussion of the method they employ.

  15. Metal-bonded, carbon fiber-reinforced composites

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sastri, S.A.; Pemsler, J.P.; Cooke, R.A.; Litchfield, J.K.; Smith, M.B.

    1996-03-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Metal bonded carbon fiber-reinforced composites are disclosed in which the metal and the composite are strongly bound by (1) providing a matrix-depleted zone in the composite of sufficient depth to provide a binding site for the metal to be bonded and then (2) infiltrating the metal into the matrix-free zone to fill a substantial portion of the zone and also provide a surface layer of metal, thereby forming a strong bond between the composite and the metal. The invention also includes the metal-bound composite itself, as well as the provision of a coating over the metal for high-temperature performance or for joining to other such composites or to other substrates. 2 figs.

  16. Metal-bonded, carbon fiber-reinforced composites

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sastri, Suri A. (Lexington, MA); Pemsler, J. Paul (Lexington, MA); Cooke, Richard A. (Framingham, MA); Litchfield, John K. (Bedford, MA); Smith, Mark B. (Ipswich, MA)

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Metal bonded carbon fiber-reinforced composites are disclosed in which the metal and the composite are strongly bound by (1) providing a matrix-depleted zone in the composite of sufficient depth to provide a binding site for the metal to be bonded and then (2) infiltrating the metal into the matrix-free zone to fill a substantial portion of the zone and also provide a surface layer of metal, thereby forming a strong bond between the composite and the metal. The invention also includes the metal-bound composite itself, as well as the provision of a coating over the metal for high-temperature performance or for joining to other such composites or to other substrates.

  17. Chemical strategies for die/wafer submicron alignment and bonding.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martin, James Ellis; Baca, Alicia I.; Chu, Dahwey; Rohwer, Lauren Elizabeth Shea

    2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This late-start LDRD explores chemical strategies that will enable sub-micron alignment accuracy of dies and wafers by exploiting the interfacial energies of chemical ligands. We have micropatterned commensurate features, such as 2-d arrays of micron-sized gold lines on the die to be bonded. Each gold line is functionalized with alkanethiol ligands before the die are brought into contact. The ligand interfacial energy is minimized when the lines on the die are brought into registration, due to favorable interactions between the complementary ligand tails. After registration is achieved, standard bonding techniques are used to create precision permanent bonds. We have computed the alignment forces and torque between two surfaces patterned with arrays of lines or square pads to illustrate how best to maximize the tendency to align. We also discuss complex, aperiodic patterns such as rectilinear pad assemblies, concentric circles, and spirals that point the way towards extremely precise alignment.

  18. Students' Interdisciplinary Reasoning about "High-Energy Bonds" and ATP

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dreyfus, Benjamin W; Sawtelle, Vashti; Svoboda, Julia; Turpen, Chandra; Redish, Edward F

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Students' sometimes contradictory ideas about ATP (adenosine triphosphate) and the nature of chemical bonds have been studied in the biology and chemistry education literatures, but these topics are rarely part of the introductory physics curriculum. We present qualitative data from an introductory physics course for undergraduate biology majors that seeks to build greater interdisciplinary coherence and therefore includes these topics. In these data, students grapple with the apparent contradiction between the energy released when the phosphate bond in ATP is broken and the idea that an energy input is required to break a bond. We see that students' perceptions of how each scientific discipline bounds the system of interest can influence how they justify their reasoning about a topic that crosses disciplines. This has consequences for a vision of interdisciplinary education that respects disciplinary perspectives while bringing them into interaction in ways that demonstrate consistency amongst the perspectiv...

  19. Intramolecular Hydrogen Bonding in Disubstituted Ethanes. A Comparison of NH,,,O-and OH,,,O-Hydrogen Bonding through Conformational Analysis of 4-Amino-4-oxobutanoate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goddard III, William A.

    Intramolecular Hydrogen Bonding in Disubstituted Ethanes. A Comparison of NH,,,O- and OH,,,O- Hydrogen Bonding through Conformational Analysis of 4-Amino-4-oxobutanoate (succinamate) and Monohydrogen 1 of amide NH,,,O- and carboxyl OH,,,O- hydrogen bonds were investigated via conformational analysis

  20. The diffusion bonding of silicon carbide and boron carbide using refractory metals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cockeram, B.V.

    1999-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Joining is an enabling technology for the application of structural ceramics at high temperatures. Metal foil diffusion bonding is a simple process for joining silicon carbide or boron carbide by solid-state, diffusive conversion of the metal foil into carbide and silicide compounds that produce bonding. Metal diffusion bonding trials were performed using thin foils (5 {micro}m to 100 {micro}m) of refractory metals (niobium, titanium, tungsten, and molybdenum) with plates of silicon carbide (both {alpha}-SiC and {beta}-SiC) or boron carbide that were lapped flat prior to bonding. The influence of bonding temperature, bonding pressure, and foil thickness on bond quality was determined from metallographic inspection of the bonds. The microstructure and phases in the joint region of the diffusion bonds were evaluated using SEM, microprobe, and AES analysis. The use of molybdenum foil appeared to result in the highest quality bond of the metal foils evaluated for the diffusion bonding of silicon carbide and boron carbide. Bonding pressure appeared to have little influence on bond quality. The use of a thinner metal foil improved the bond quality. The microstructure of the bond region produced with either the {alpha}-SiC and {beta}-SiC polytypes were similar.

  1. High- and low-temperature bonding techniques for microstructures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ciarlo, D.R.

    1993-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

    The ability to bond together two or more silicon wafers greatly expands the variety and complexity of silicon microstructures that can be designed and fabricated. At LLNL, microstructures have been used for many years as hardware in scientific experiments. The activity has recently been expanded into other areas to include microinstruments for biomedical applications and for chemical analysis. Both high temperature (1100{degrees}C) bonding techniques have been used, depending on the application. This paper discusses these applications with emphasis on the most extensive which is the fabrication of microchannel coolers for diode arrays.

  2. The University of Rochester Revenue Bonds, Series 2003B (the "Series 2003B Bonds") were issued on November 6, 2003 as auction rate securities and are subject to mandatory tender for purchase and remarketing on September 3, 2008 (the "Conversion Date") in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Portman, Douglas

    an irrevocable direct pay letter of credit (the "Letter of Credit") issued by HSBC Bank USA, National Association

  3. Resummed thermodynamic perturbation theory for bond cooperativity in associating fluids with small bond angles: Effects of steric hindrance and ring formation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. D. Marshall; Amin Haghmoradi; W. G. Chapman

    2014-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we develop a thermodynamic perturbation theory for two site associating fluids which exhibit bond cooperativity. We include both steric hindrance and ring formation such that the equation of state is bond angle dependent. Here the bond angle is the angle separating the centers of the two association sites. As a test, new Monte Carlo simulations are performed, and the theory is found to accurately predict the internal energy as well as the distribution of associated clusters as a function of bond angle and bond cooperativity.

  4. Method of preparation of bonded polyimide fuel cell package

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Morse, Jeffrey D. (Martinez, CA); Jankowski, Alan (Livermore, CA); Graff, Robert T. (Modesto, CA); Bettencourt, Kerry (Dublin, CA)

    2011-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Described herein are processes for fabricating microfluidic fuel cell systems with embedded components in which micron-scale features are formed by bonding layers of DuPont Kapton.TM. polyimide laminate. A microfluidic fuel cell system fabricated using this process is also described.

  5. Vibrational Signature of Water Molecules in Asymmetric Hydrogen Bonding Environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guidoni, Leonardo

    Vibrational Signature of Water Molecules in Asymmetric Hydrogen Bonding Environments Chao Zhang contributions of each of the two hydrogen atoms to the vibrational modes 1 and 3 of water molecules the early works on the molecular structure of water, it has been accepted that a water molecule

  6. Structural and bonding trends in platinum-carbon clusters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Thomas F

    2013-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    . Trends in stability, Pt+-Cx binding energy, doublet-quartet excitation energy, and Pt-C bond lengths were investigated. Explanations for these patterns are provided in terms of orbital interactions and changes imposed on the carbon-chain by the metal...

  7. Bond Strength of ASTM A 1035 Grade 100 Reinforcing Steel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Briggs, Michael

    2008-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

    The bond strength of ASTM A 1035 Grade 100 reinforcing steel is evaluated relative to the values predicted using the development expressions in ACI 318-05 and ACI 408R-03. Sixty-nine beam-splice specimens were tested at the University of Kansas...

  8. A Single Disulfide Bond Differentiates Aggregation Pathways of 2-Microglobulin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dokholyan, Nikolay V.

    simulation; aggregation; domain swapping*Corresponding author Introduction Amyloid fibrils are insolubleA Single Disulfide Bond Differentiates Aggregation Pathways of ß2-Microglobulin Yiwen Chen1 at Chapel Hill Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA Deposition of wild-type ß2-microglobulin (ß2m) into amyloid

  9. WHAT'S GRAPHENE? Mono or few layers of sp2 bonded

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mellor-Crummey, John

    WHAT'S GRAPHENE? · Mono or few layers of sp2 bonded carbon atoms in a honeycomb lattice 105cm2/Vs at RT. 1 Due to its unique transport properties, graphene is suitable for implementation sampling (EOS) timeresolved spectroscopy to optically pump and THz probe exfoliated graphene ribbons (GR

  10. Diffusion limited cluster aggregation with irreversible flexible bonds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sujin Babu; Jean-Christophe Gimel; Taco Nicolai

    2008-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Irreversible diffusion limited cluster aggregation (DLCA) of hard spheres was simulated using Brownian cluster dynamics. Bound spheres were allowed to move freely within a specified range, but no bond breaking was allowed. The structure and size distribution of the clusters was investigated before gelation. The pair correlation function and the static structure factor of the gels were determined as a function of the volume fraction and time. Bond flexibility led to local densification of the clusters and the gels, with a certain degree of order. At low volume fractions densification of the clusters occurred during their growth, but at higher volume fractions it occurred mainly after gelation. At very low volume fractions, the large scale structure (fractal dimension), size distribution and growth kinetics of the clusters was found to be close to that known for DLCA with rigid bonds. Restructuring of the gels continued for long times, indicating that aging processes in systems with strong attraction do not necessarily involve bond breaking. The mean square displacement of particles in the gels was determined. It is shown to be highly heterogeneous and to increase with decreasing volume fraction.

  11. Advance Refundings of Municipal Bonds Columbia Business School

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sadeh, Norman M.

    Advance Refundings of Municipal Bonds Andrew Ang Columbia Business School and NBER Richard C. Green of Vineer Bhansali, Trevor Harris, Tal Heppenstall, Andrew Kalotay, Kemp Lewis, Paul Luhmann, Matt of colleagues, especially Jennifer Carpenter, Dan Li, Norman Sch¨urhoff, and Chester Spatt, along with seminar

  12. Bonded labour The Dalits of Nepal are a marginalised

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richner, Heinz

    Bonded labour The Dalits of Nepal are a marginalised group of people who have suffered systematic that, while illegal, is still widespread in remote rural areas of Nepal. To meet their basic needs in their neighbour- hood. Referred to in Nepal as Haliya/ Haruwa and Charuwa, they have to plough the landlords' land

  13. Water inertial reorientation: Hydrogen bond strength and the angular potential

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fayer, Michael D.

    Water inertial reorientation: Hydrogen bond strength and the angular potential David E. Moilanen) The short-time orientational relaxation of water is studied by ultrafast infrared pump-probe spectroscopy with recent molecular dynamics simulations employing the simple point charge-extended water model at room

  14. Resummed thermodynamic perturbation theory for bond cooperativity in associating fluids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. D. Marshall; W. G. Chapman

    2013-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

    We develop a resummed thermodynamic perturbation theory for bond cooperativity in associating fluids by extension of Wertheim's multi - density formalism. We specifically consider the case of an associating hard sphere with two association sites and both pairwise and triplet contributions to the energy. To test the theory we perform new monte carlo simulations. Theory and simulation are found to be in excellent agreement.

  15. alteredintramolecular hydrogen-bonding pattern: Topics by E-print...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    alteredintramolecular hydrogen-bonding pattern First Page Previous Page 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1...

  16. Hydrogen Bonding Increases Packing Density in the Protein Interior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hydrogen Bonding Increases Packing Density in the Protein Interior David Schell,1,2 Jerry Tsai,1 J System Health Science Center, College Station, Texas 77843-1114 ABSTRACT The contribution of hydrogen to the stability, but experimental studies show that bury- ing polar groups, especially those that are hydrogen

  17. Concept generation of dynamic systems using bond graphs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krishnan, S

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    REPRESENTATIONS OF IMMITTANCES . . . Immittance synthesis in design Conventional immit tance synthesis techniques by Foster and Cauer Immittance synthesis with bond graphs . . . . . . . . . . . . . Example - Synthesis of two frequency absorber... . . . . . . . . . 35 . 35 . 38 . . . . . . 40 . . . . . . 49 TABLE OF CONTENTS (Continued) CHAPTER Page V PHYSICAL REPRESENTATIONS OF TRANSFER FUNCTIONS Transfer function synthesis in design . . . . . . . . . . . General procedure Conditions for passive...

  18. Comparing systemic risk in European government bonds and national indices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jurczyk, Jan; Morgenstern, Ingo

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    It has been shown, that the systemic risk contained in financial markets can be indicated by the change of cross-correlation between different indices and stocks. This change is tracked by using principle component analysis (PCA). We use this technique to investigate the systemic risk contained in European economy by comparing government long term bonds and indices.

  19. E-Print Network 3.0 - amide bond formation Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Irvine Collection: Chemistry 3 J. Am. Chem. SOC.1994,116,2149-2150 Amide-Amide and Amide-Water Hydrogen Bonds Summary: of hydrogen bonds observed here therefore suggests that...

  20. Facile Thermal W-W Bond Homolysis in the N-Heterocyclic Carbene...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Thermal W-W Bond Homolysis in the N-Heterocyclic Carbene-Containing Tungsten Dimer CpW(CO)2(IMe)2. Facile Thermal W-W Bond Homolysis in the N-Heterocyclic Carbene-Containing...

  1. Molecular Dynamics of Neutral Polymer Bonding Agent (NPBA) as Revealed by Solid-State NMR Spectroscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Wei

    Neutral polymer bonding agent (NPBA) is one of the most promising polymeric materials, widely used in nitrate ester plasticized polyether (NEPE) propellant as bonding agent. The structure and dynamics of NPBA under different ...

  2. Role of interatomic bonding in the mechanical anisotropy and interlayer cohesion of CSH crystals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dharmawardhana, C.C. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Missouri—Kansas City, Kansas City, MO 64110 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Missouri—Kansas City, Kansas City, MO 64110 (United States); Misra, A. [Department of Civil, Environmental, and Architectural Engineering, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS 66045 (United States)] [Department of Civil, Environmental, and Architectural Engineering, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS 66045 (United States); Aryal, S.; Rulis, P. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Missouri—Kansas City, Kansas City, MO 64110 (United States)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Missouri—Kansas City, Kansas City, MO 64110 (United States); Ching, W.Y., E-mail: ccdxz8@mail.umkc.edu [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Missouri—Kansas City, Kansas City, MO 64110 (United States)

    2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Atomic scale properties of calcium silicate hydrate (CSH), the main binding phase of hardened Portland cement, are not well understood. Over a century of intense research has identified almost 50 different crystalline CSH minerals which are mainly categorized by their Ca/Si ratio. The electronic structure and interatomic bonding in four major CSH crystalline phases with structures close to those found in hardened cement are investigated via ab initio methods. Our result reveals the critical role of hydrogen bonding and importance of specifying precise locations for water molecules. Quantitative analysis of contributions from different bond types to the overall cohesion shows that while the Si-O covalent bonds dominate, the hydrogen bonding and Ca-O bonding are also very significant. Calculated results reveal the correlation between bond topology and interlayer cohesion. The overall bond order density (BOD) is found to be a more critical measure than the Ca/Si ratio in classifying different CSH crystals.

  3. Chemical Bonding In Amorphous Si Coated-carbon Nanotube As Anodes...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Bonding In Amorphous Si Coated-carbon Nanotube As Anodes For Li ion Batteries: A XANES Study. Chemical Bonding In Amorphous Si Coated-carbon Nanotube As Anodes For Li ion...

  4. Bond Strength Degradation for CFRP and Steel reinforcing Bars in Concrete at Elevated Temperature 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maluk, Cristian; Bisby, Luke; Terrasi, Giovanni; Green, Mark

    2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    tendon as compared with steel prestressing wire. The results of transient elevated temperature bond pullout and tensile strength tests on CFRP tendons and steel prestressing wire are presented and discussed, and show that bond failure at elevated...

  5. 2-Propanol Dehydration on TiO2(110): The Effect of Bridge-Bonded...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2-Propanol Dehydration on TiO2(110): The Effect of Bridge-Bonded Oxygen Vacancy Blocking. 2-Propanol Dehydration on TiO2(110): The Effect of Bridge-Bonded Oxygen Vacancy Blocking....

  6. E-Print Network 3.0 - aryl-metal bond chemistry Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    metal bond chemistry Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: aryl-metal bond chemistry Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 Subscriber access...

  7. Cu-Cu direct bonding achieved by surface method at room temperature

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Utsumi, Jun [Advanced Technology Research Center, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd., 1-8-1 Sachiura, Kanazawa-ku, Yokohama 236-8515 (Japan); Ichiyanagi, Yuko, E-mail: yuko@ynu.ac.jp [Department of Physics, Graduate School of Engineering, Yokohama National University, Tokiwadai, Hodogaya, Yokohama 240-8501 (Japan)

    2014-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The metal bonding is a key technology in the processes for the microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) devices and the semiconductor devices to improve functionality and higher density integration. Strong adhesion between surfaces at the atomic level is crucial; however, it is difficult to achieve close bonding in such a system. Cu films were deposited on Si substrates by vacuum deposition, and then, two Cu films were bonded directly by means of surface activated bonding (SAB) at room temperature. The two Cu films, with the surface roughness Ra about 1.3nm, were bonded by using SAB at room temperature, however, the bonding strength was very weak in this method. In order to improve the bonding strength between the Cu films, samples were annealed at low temperatures, between 323 and 473 K, in air. As the result, the Cu-Cu bonding strength was 10 times higher than that of the original samples without annealing.

  8. Hydrogen Bonding, H-D Exchange, and Molecular Mobility in Thin...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Bonding, H-D Exchange, and Molecular Mobility in Thin Water Films on TiO2(110). Hydrogen Bonding, H-D Exchange, and Molecular Mobility in Thin Water Films on TiO2(110). Abstract:...

  9. Performance and Reliability of Bonded Interfaces for High-Temperature Packaging (Presentation)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Devoto, D.

    2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This presentation reviews the status of the performance and reliability of bonded interfaces for high-temperature packaging.

  10. Characterization of Fuel-Cladding Bond Strength Using Laser Shock

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    James A. Smith; David L. Cottle; Barry H. Rabin

    2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes new laser-based capabilities for characterization of fuel-cladding bond strength in nuclear fuels, and presents preliminary results obtained from studies on as-fabricated monolithic fuel consisting of uranium-10 wt.% molybdenum alloys clad in 6061 aluminum by hot isostatic pressing. Two complementary experimental methods are employed, laser-shock testing and laser-ultrasonic imaging. Measurements are spatially localized, non-contacting and require minimum specimen preparation, and are therefore ideally suited for applications involving radioactive materials, including irradiated materials. The theoretical principles and experimental approaches employed in characterization of nuclear fuel plates are described. The ability to measure layer thicknesses, elastic properties of the constituents, and the location and nature of laser-shock induced debonds is demonstrated, and preliminary bond strength measurement results are discussed.

  11. Wafer bonded virtual substrate and method for forming the same

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Atwater, Jr., Harry A. (So. Pasadena, CA); Zahler, James M. (Pasadena, CA); Morral, Anna Fontcuberta i (Paris, FR)

    2007-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

    A method of forming a virtual substrate comprised of an optoelectronic device substrate and handle substrate comprises the steps of initiating bonding of the device substrate to the handle substrate, improving or increasing the mechanical strength of the device and handle substrates, and thinning the device substrate to leave a single-crystal film on the virtual substrate such as by exfoliation of a device film from the device substrate. The handle substrate is typically Si or other inexpensive common substrate material, while the optoelectronic device substrate is formed of more expensive and specialized electro-optic material. Using the methodology of the invention a wide variety of thin film electro-optic materials of high quality can be bonded to inexpensive substrates which serve as the mechanical support for an optoelectronic device layer fabricated in the thin film electro-optic material.

  12. Bonding topologies in diamondlike amorphous-carbon films

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    SIEGAL,MICHAEL P.; PROVENCIO,PAULA P.; TALLANT,DAVID R.; SIMPSON,REGINA L.; KLEINSORGE,B.; MILNE,W.I.

    2000-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

    The carbon ion energy used during filtered cathodic vacuum arc deposition determines the bonding topologies of amorphous-carbon (a-C) films. Regions of relatively low density occur near the substrate/film and film/surface interfaces and their thicknesses increase with increasing deposition energy. The ion subplantation growth results in mass density gradients in the bulk portion of a-C in the growth direction; density decreases with distance from the substrate for films grown using ion energies < 60 eV and increases for films grown using ion energies > 160 eV. Films grown between these energies are the most diamondlike with relatively uniform bulk density and the highest optical transparencies. Bonding topologies evolve with increasing growth energy consistent with the propagation of subplanted carbon ions inducing a partial transformation of 4-fold to 3-fold coordinated carbon atoms.

  13. Cold bond agglomeration of waste oxides for recycling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    D`Alessio, G.; Lu, W.K. [McMaster Univ., Hamilton, Ontario (Canada). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Recycling of waste oxides has been an on-going challenge for integrated steel plants. The majority of these waste oxides are collected from the cleaning systems of ironmaking and steelmaking processes, and are usually in the form of fine particulates and slurries. In most cases, these waste materials are contaminated by oils and heavy metals and often require treatment at a considerable expense prior to landfill disposal. This contamination also limits the re-use or recycling potential of these oxides as secondary resources of reliable quality. However, recycling of some selected wastes in blast furnaces or steelmaking vessels is possible, but first requires agglomeration of the fine particulate by such methods as cold bond briquetting. Cold bond briquetting technology provides both mechanical compacting and bonding (with appropriate binders) of the particulates. This method of recycling has the potential to be economically viable and environmentally sustainable. The nature of the present study is cold bond briquetting of iron ore pellet fines with a molasses-cement-H{sub 2}O binder for recycling in a blast furnace. The inclusion of molasses is for its contribution to the green strength of briquettes. During the curing stage, significant gains in strength may be credited to molasses in the presence of cement. The interactions of cement (and its substitutes), water and molasses and their effects on the properties of the agglomerates during and after various curing conditions were investigated. Tensile strengths of briquettes made in the laboratory and subjected to experimental conditions which simulated the top part of a blast furnace shaft were also examined.

  14. Oxford Area Community School District (Michigan) Bonds Case Study

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Michigan’s Oxford Area Community School District entered into an energy savings performance contract and issued limited tax general obligation bonds to fund the up-front costs of almost $3 million of energy-related improvements. Case study is excerpted from Financing Energy Upgrades for K-12 School Districts: A Guide to Tapping into Funding for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Improvements. Author: Merrian Borgeson and Mark Zimring

  15. Flip chip electrical interconnection by selective electroplating and bonding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Liwei

    on a glass substrate made of 500/2000 A° of Cr/Au with 3150 lm in length and 10 lm in width. Two silicon. The interconnection chip has 102 Cr/Au interconnection lines with 3150 lm in length and 10 lm in width. The bonding pads on the ends of the interconnection lines are 40 lm by 40 lm. A 0.8 lm thick layer of aluminum

  16. Algorithm for anisotropic diffusion in hydrogen-bonded networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edoardo Milotti

    2007-04-04T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper I describe a specialized algorithm for anisotropic diffusion determined by a field of transition rates. The algorithm can be used to describe some interesting forms of diffusion that occur in the study of proton motion in a network of hydrogen bonds. The algorithm produces data that require a nonstandard method of spectral analysis which is also developed here. Finally, I apply the algorithm to a simple specific example.

  17. Quantum Confinement in Hydrogen Bond of DNA and RNA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    da Silva dos Santos; Elso Drigo Filho; Regina Maria Ricotta

    2015-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The hydrogen bond is a fundamental ingredient to stabilize the DNA and RNA macromolecules. The main contribution of this work is to describe quantitatively this interaction as a consequence of the quantum confinement of the hydrogen. The results for the free and confined system are compared with experimental data. The formalism to compute the energy gap of the vibration motion used to identify the spectrum lines is the Variational Method allied to Supersymmetric Quantum Mechanics.

  18. Understanding mechanisms for C-H bond activation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vastine, Benjamin Alan

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    is unclear as electrophilic and oxidative addition / reductive elimination (OA/RE) pathways have been proposed, and the research into this problem and other related aspects of this chemistry have been extensively considered in several books 18 and reviews... been proposed that lie between the two classic mechanisms that were discussed above; Lin has recently reviewed the current work in this field. 41 Webster and coworkers proposed metal-assisted ?-bond metathesis (MA?BM), 42 Lin and coworkers...

  19. Fluorinated diamond particles bonded in a filled fluorocarbon resin matrix

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Taylor, G.W.; Roybal, H.E.

    1983-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

    A method of producing fluorinated diamond particles bonded in a filled fluorocarbon resin matrix. Simple hot pressing techniques permit the formation of such matrices from which diamond impregnated grinding tools and other articles of manufacture can be produced. Teflon fluorocarbon resins filled with Al/sub 2/O/sub 3/ yield grinding tools with substantially improved work-to-wear ratios over grinding wheels known in the art.

  20. Fluorinated diamond particles bonded in a filled fluorocarbon resin matrix

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Taylor, Gene W. (Los Alamos, NM); Roybal, Herman E. (Santa Fe, NM)

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A method of producing fluorinated diamond particles bonded in a filled fluorocarbon resin matrix. Simple hot pressing techniques permit the formation of such matrices from which diamond impregnated grinding tools and other articles of manufacture can be produced. Teflon fluorocarbon resins filled with Al.sub.2 O.sub.3 yield grinding tools with substantially improved work-to-wear ratios over grinding wheels known in the art.

  1. Quantum Confinement in Hydrogen Bond of DNA and RNA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Santos, da Silva dos; Ricotta, Regina Maria

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The hydrogen bond is a fundamental ingredient to stabilize the DNA and RNA macromolecules. The main contribution of this work is to describe quantitatively this interaction as a consequence of the quantum confinement of the hydrogen. The results for the free and confined system are compared with experimental data. The formalism to compute the energy gap of the vibration motion used to identify the spectrum lines is the Variational Method allied to Supersymmetric Quantum Mechanics.

  2. Opening Pandora's Box - Sovereign Bonds in International Arbitration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waibel, Michael

    OPENING PANDORA’S BOX: SOVEREIGN BONDS IN INTERNATIONAL ARBITRATION By Michael Waibel* In recent years, sovereign debt crises have received much attention from the perspective of international public policy, but an effective legal solution... . In 1995, Mexico was unable to meet its external debt obligations. Three years later, a severe financial crisis hit East Asia. Russia defaulted in 1998. Argentina’s 2001 default on more than U.S.$100 billion in private debt was the largest in history.7...

  3. Low Temperature Transient Liquid Phase Bonding of Ti6AI4V

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eagar, Thomas W.

    bonds by intermetallic formation and subsequent diffusion annealing, but are limited to temperatures above 87s·c. Solid state activated diffusion bonding using sputtered copper intcrlayers will form joints temperature [1,2]. 1LP bonding of titanium has been used to produce aerospace components as descnoed by Norris

  4. Ionwater hydrogen-bond switching observed with 2D IR vibrational echo chemical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fayer, Michael D.

    Ion­water hydrogen-bond switching observed with 2D IR vibrational echo chemical exchange for review November 8, 2008) The exchange of water hydroxyl hydrogen bonds between anions and water oxygens of anion­ water hydroxyl hydrogen bond switching under thermal equilib- rium conditions as Taw 7 1 ps. Pump

  5. Extent of Hydrogen-Bond Protection in Folded Proteins: A Constraint on Packing Architectures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berry, R. Stephen

    Extent of Hydrogen-Bond Protection in Folded Proteins: A Constraint on Packing Architectures Ariel structuring and ultimately exclusion of water by hydrophobes surrounding backbone hydrogen bonds turn hydrophobes yields an optimal hydrogen-bond stabilization. This motif is shown to be nearly ubiquitous

  6. Bonding in Sodium Chloride Nanotubes: A New Analysis via Madelung Constants and Cohesive Energies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanusa, Christopher

    1 Bonding in Sodium Chloride Nanotubes: A New Analysis via Madelung Constants and Cohesive Energies is introduced which employs a linear relationship between nanotube cohesive energies determined via Density between ionic and cohesive bonding energies indicate that, as the nanotubes become longer, ionic bonding

  7. AN INVESTIGATION OF THE BONDING AT THE CONCRETE POLYMER COMPOSITE INTERFACE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    AN INVESTIGATION OF THE BONDING AT THE CONCRETE POLYMER COMPOSITE INTERFACE Wai How Soong, S, USA. ABSTRACT Bonding between the concrete and polymer composite (reinforcement) tendon was studied) and surface roughness of composite reinforcement tendons on the two types of bond strengths were investigated

  8. TRANSIENT UQUID PHASE BONDING PROCESSES W. D. MacDonald and T.W. Eagar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eagar, Thomas W.

    . In this article, the term TLP \\viii apply to those bonding processes which rely on solid state diffusion to drive) ) ) .. ' TRANSIENT UQUID PHASE BONDING PROCESSES W. D. MacDonald and T.W. Eagar Department Transient liquid phase (TLP) bonding is an ancient process that has received increased attention in recent

  9. Silver diffusion bonding and layer transfer of lithium niobate to silicon Kenneth Diest,a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atwater, Harry

    Silver diffusion bonding and layer transfer of lithium niobate to silicon Kenneth Diest,a Melissa J July 2008; accepted 8 August 2008; published online 5 September 2008 A diffusion bonding method has, and upon heating, a diffusion bond was formed. Transmission electron microscopy confirms the interface

  10. Influence of silicon dangling bonds on germanium thermal diffusion within R. S. Cai,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Influence of silicon dangling bonds on germanium thermal diffusion within SiO2 glass D. Barba,1 R online 17 March 2014) We study the influence of silicon dangling bonds on germanium thermal diffusion of several orders of magnitudes.12,16­18 This may suggest that Si dangling bonds can affect the diffusion

  11. Particle/substrate interaction in the cold-spray bonding process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grujicic, Mica

    , atomic inter-diffusion is not expected to play a significant role in particle/substrate bonding. This canC2 148 9 Particle/substrate interaction in the cold-spray bonding process M. GRUJICIC, Clemson in this chapter to the problem of particle/substrate interactions and bonding during cold spray. The actual

  12. Electric charge trapping, residual stresses and properties of ceramics after metal/ceramics bonding

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    and diffusion of metallic species in the ceramics, during the bonding process. Keywords: Joining; ToughnessElectric charge trapping, residual stresses and properties of ceramics after metal/ceramics bonding applications is rapidly increasing. Most of these applications require the use of ceramics bonded with metal

  13. Low Temperature Transient Liquid Phase (LTTLP) Bonding for Au/Cu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eagar, Thomas W.

    of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139 TheLow Temperature TransientLiquidPhase Diffusion Bonding (LTTLP) process has) ) M. M. Hou Low Temperature Transient Liquid Phase (LTTLP) Bonding for Au/Cu and Cu been bonded to copper heatsink.s at temperatures less than 160"C, using /n-Sn eutectic solders. After

  14. Simultaneous Bayesian reconstruction of diffusivity and bond potentials using path integrals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levine, Alex J.

    Simultaneous Bayesian reconstruction of diffusivity and bond potentials using path integrals Joshua requires fewer data and allows simultaneous inference of both complex bond potentials and diffusivity spectroscopy (DFS) has been used to distort bonds. The resulting responses, in the form of rupture forces, work

  15. The time reversed elastic nonlinearity diagnostic applied to evaluation of diffusion bonds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The time reversed elastic nonlinearity diagnostic applied to evaluation of diffusion bonds T. J based nondestructive evaluation techniques has begun. Here, diffusion bonded metal disks containing and impulse responses to perform TR experiments in thin h 5 mm, d 5 cm diffusion bonded disks, in order

  16. Molecular surface electrostatic potentials in the analysis of non-hydrogen-bonding noncovalent interactions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Murray, J.S.; Paulsen, K.; Politzer, P.

    1993-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Electrostatic potentials computed on molecular surfaces are used to analyze some noncovalent interactions that are not in the category of hydrogen bonding, e.g. halogen bonding. The systems examined include halogenated methanes, substituted benzenes, s-tetrazine and 1,3-bisphenylurea. The data were obtained by ab initio SCF calculations. Electrostatic potentials, Non-hydrogen-bonding noncovalent interactions, Molecular surfaces.

  17. Ligand Binding to the Pregnane X Receptor by Geometric Matching of Hydrogen Bonds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    North Carolina at Chapel Hill, University of

    space. Hydrogen bonds have been used in FlexX [3] as part of a more complete energy function. Our conformations to PXR based on hydrogen bond geometry and use them as a starting point for ranking ligands aspect of the energy function, the hydrogen bonds, in order to identify the discriminating factor

  18. Hydrogen bond dynamics in the active site of photoactive yellow protein

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herschlag, Dan

    Hydrogen bond dynamics in the active site of photoactive yellow protein Paul A. Sigala, Mark A for review February 5, 2009) Hydrogen bonds play major roles in biological structure and function. Nonetheless, hydrogen-bonded protons are not typically observed by X-ray crystallography, and most structural

  19. The Hydrogen Bonding of Cytosinewith Guanine:Calorimetric and`H-NMR Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Loren

    The Hydrogen Bonding of Cytosinewith Guanine:Calorimetric and`H-NMR Analysis of the Molecular of hydrogen-bondformation between guanine (G) and cytusine (C) in o-dichloro- benzene and in chloroformat 25°C forming hydrogen bonds. Consequently, hydrogen-bond formation in our system is primarily between the bases

  20. Hydrogen bond dynamics in membrane protein function Ana-Nicoleta Bondar a,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    White, Stephen

    Review Hydrogen bond dynamics in membrane protein function Ana-Nicoleta Bondar a, , Stephen H 30 November 2011 Available online 8 December 2011 Keywords: Membrane protein structure Hydrogen bond Membrane protein dynamics Lipid­protein interactions Changes in inter-helical hydrogen bonding

  1. Hydrogen Bond Dissociation and Reformation in Methanol Oligomers Following Hydroxyl Stretch Relaxation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fayer, Michael D.

    Hydrogen Bond Dissociation and Reformation in Methanol Oligomers Following Hydroxyl Stretch, 2002 Vibrational relaxation and hydrogen bond dynamics in methanol-d dissolved in CCl4 have been-d molecules both accepting and donating hydrogen bonds at 2500 cm-1 . Following vibrational relaxation

  2. Hydrogen bond breaking probed with multidimensional stimulated vibrational echo correlation spectroscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fayer, Michael D.

    Hydrogen bond breaking probed with multidimensional stimulated vibrational echo correlation September 2003 Hydrogen bond population dynamics are extricated with exceptional detail using ultrafast ( 50 of methanol­OD oligomers in CCl4 . Hydrogen bond breaking makes it possible to acquire data for times much

  3. Native Hydrogen Bonds in a Molten Globule: The Apoflavodoxin Thermal Intermediate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sancho, Javier

    Native Hydrogen Bonds in a Molten Globule: The Apoflavodoxin Thermal Intermediate Marõ�a P. Iru�n1 in surface- exposed hydrogen bonds connecting secondary-structure elements in the native protein. All hydrogen bonds analysed are formed in the molten globule intermediate, either with native strength

  4. Vacuum fusion bonded glass plates having microstructures thereon

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Swierkowski, Steve P. (Livermore, CA); Davidson, James C. (Livermore, CA); Balch, Joseph W. (Livermore, CA)

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An improved apparatus and method for vacuum fusion bonding of large, patterned glass plates. One or both glass plates are patterned with etched features such as microstructure capillaries and a vacuum pumpout moat, with one plate having at least one hole therethrough for communication with a vacuum pumpout fixture. High accuracy alignment of the plates is accomplished by a temporary clamping fixture until the start of the fusion bonding heat cycle. A complete, void-free fusion bond of seamless, full-strength quality is obtained through the plates; because the glass is heated well into its softening point and because of a large, distributed force that is developed that presses the two plates together from the difference in pressure between the furnace ambient (high pressure) and the channeling and microstructures in the plates (low pressure) due to the vacuum drawn. The apparatus and method may be used to fabricate microcapillary arrays for chemical electrophoresis; for example, any apparatus using a network of microfluidic channels embedded between plates of glass or similar moderate melting point substrates with a gradual softening point curve, or for assembly of glass-based substrates onto larger substrates, such as in flat panel display systems.

  5. Effect of hydrogen bond cooperativity on the behavior of water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kevin Stokely; Marco G. Mazza; H. Eugene Stanley; Giancarlo Franzese

    2009-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Four scenarios have been proposed for the low--temperature phase behavior of liquid water, each predicting different thermodynamics. The physical mechanism which leads to each is debated. Moreover, it is still unclear which of the scenarios best describes water, as there is no definitive experimental test. Here we address both open issues within the framework of a microscopic cell model by performing a study combining mean field calculations and Monte Carlo simulations. We show that a common physical mechanism underlies each of the four scenarios, and that two key physical quantities determine which of the four scenarios describes water: (i) the strength of the directional component of the hydrogen bond and (ii) the strength of the cooperative component of the hydrogen bond. The four scenarios may be mapped in the space of these two quantities. We argue that our conclusions are model-independent. Using estimates from experimental data for H bond properties the model predicts that the low-temperature phase diagram of water exhibits a liquid--liquid critical point at positive pressure.

  6. Structural behavior of silicone bonded glass block panels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chang, K.F. [Structural Engineering Associates, Inc., San Antonio, TX (United States); Sandberg, L.B. [Michigan Technological Univ. Houghton, MI (United States)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Silicone sealant was submitted for mortar in bonding glass blocks. The sealant`s tensile and shear strengths and stiffnesses were determined. Joints bonding two glass blocks were tested for stiffness and strength in tension, bending, out-of-plane shear, and in-plane shear. Bending tests were done on specimens one block wide and four blocks long to evaluate one-way bending behavior. A six block by six block panel, supported on all four sides, was built and tested under simulated wind load. An analytical model with material nonlinearity in the joints was developed for the one-way bending case. It gave good comparisons with the experimental data to load levels approaching failure. A more complex analytical model was developed for the two-way panel. It was only valid for lower load levels, in the range of potential allowable design loads, but compared well with test results. Silicone bonded glass block panels have potential for meeting the wind load requirements necessary for exterior use.

  7. Resummed thermodynamic perturbation theory for bond cooperativity in associating fluids with small bond angles: Effects of steric hindrance and ring formation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marshall, Bennett D., E-mail: bennettd1980@gmail.com; Haghmoradi, Amin; Chapman, Walter G. [Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Rice University, 6100 S. Main, Houston, Texas 77005 (United States)] [Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Rice University, 6100 S. Main, Houston, Texas 77005 (United States)

    2014-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper we develop a thermodynamic perturbation theory for two site associating fluids which exhibit bond cooperativity (system energy is non-pairwise additive). We include both steric hindrance and ring formation such that the equation of state is bond angle dependent. Here, the bond angle is the angle separating the centers of the two association sites. As a test, new Monte Carlo simulations are performed, and the theory is found to accurately predict the internal energy as well as the distribution of associated clusters as a function of bond angle.

  8. The Breathing Orbital Valence Bond Method in Diffusion Monte Carlo: C-H Bond Dissociation ofAcetylene

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Domin, D.; Braida, Benoit; Lester Jr., William A.

    2008-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

    This study explores the use of breathing orbital valence bond (BOVB) trial wave functions for diffusion Monte Carlo (DMC). The approach is applied to the computation of the carbon-hydrogen (C-H) bond dissociation energy (BDE) of acetylene. DMC with BOVB trial wave functions yields a C-H BDE of 132.4 {+-} 0.9 kcal/mol, which is in excellent accord with the recommended experimental value of 132.8 {+-} 0.7 kcal/mol. These values are to be compared with DMC results obtained with single determinant trial wave functions, using Hartree-Fock orbitals (137.5 {+-} 0.5 kcal/mol) and local spin density (LDA) Kohn-Sham orbitals (135.6 {+-} 0.5 kcal/mol).

  9. Bond strength of cementitious borehole plugs in welded tuff

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Akgun, H.; Daemen, J.J.K. [Arizona Univ., Tucson, AZ (USA). Dept. of Mining and Geological Engineering

    1991-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Axial loads on plugs or seals in an underground repository due to gas, water pressures and temperature changes induced subsequent to waste and plug emplacement lead to shear stresses at the plug/rock contact. Therefore, the bond between the plug and rock is a critical element for the design and effectiveness of plugs in boreholes, shafts or tunnels. This study includes a systematic investigation of the bond strength of cementitious borehole plugs in welded tuff. Analytical and numerical analysis of borehole plug-rock stress transfer mechanics is performed. The interface strength and deformation are studied as a function of Young`s modulus ratio of plug and rock, plug length and rock cylinder outside-to-inside radius ratio. The tensile stresses in and near an axially loaded plug are analyzed. The frictional interface strength of an axially loaded borehole plug, the effect of axial stress and lateral external stress, and thermal effects are also analyzed. Implications for plug design are discussed. The main conclusion is a strong recommendation to design friction plugs in shafts, drifts, tunnels or boreholes with a minimum length to diameter ratio of four. Such a geometrical design will reduce tensile stresses in the plug and in the host rock to a level which should minimize the risk of long-term deterioration caused by excessive tensile stresses. Push-out tests have been used to determine the bond strength by applying an axial load to cement plugs emplaced in boreholes in welded tuff cylinders. A total of 130 push-out tests have been performed as a function of borehole size, plug length, temperature, and degree of saturation of the host tuff. The use of four different borehole radii enables evaluation of size effects. 119 refs., 42 figs., 20 tabs.

  10. Fuel cell system with separating structure bonded to electrolyte

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bourgeois, Richard Scott (Albany, NY); Gudlavalleti, Sauri (Albany, NY); Quek, Shu Ching (Clifton Park, NY); Hasz, Wayne Charles (Pownal, VT); Powers, James Daniel (Santa Monica, CA)

    2010-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

    A fuel cell assembly comprises a separating structure configured for separating a first reactant and a second reactant wherein the separating structure has an opening therein. The fuel cell assembly further comprises a fuel cell comprising a first electrode, a second electrode, and an electrolyte interposed between the first and second electrodes, and a passage configured to introduce the second reactant to the second electrode. The electrolyte is bonded to the separating structure with the first electrode being situated within the opening, and the second electrode being situated within the passage.

  11. Overlap population density as an index of bond strength

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gallagher, Michael James

    2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

    be eliminated. This is done by carrying out an orthogonal transformdtion on b, witn a known matrix U, viz. D = UAU' (10) Next~ M is constructed vis, the equation: M=V'D 'U (11) M transforms b to the unit matrix X: (12) Since: I ~1 MdM = U 'D PhU 'D U... on molecules of the same chemical i'amily as those under study, viz, R2-NN02, D. Thermal Decomposition of Nitramides Although estimates of the energies of bonds other than N-N, B?G. Gowcnlock, P. Jones and J. R. Majer~ Trans. Faraday Soc. ~7 23 (1981) RE...

  12. Time-Resolved Study of Bonding in Liquid Carbon

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas ConchasPassiveSubmittedStatus TomAboutManusScienceThe43068G.Time-Resolved Study of Bonding in

  13. Time-Resolved Study of Bonding in Liquid Carbon

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas ConchasPassiveSubmittedStatus TomAboutManusScienceThe43068G.Time-Resolved Study of Bonding

  14. Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (QECBs) & New Clean Renewable Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarly Careerlumens_placard-green.epsEnergy1.pdfMarket37963 Vol.Department of EnergyMarchU.S.Bonds (New

  15. Qualified Energy Conservation Bond State-by-State Summary Tables |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion | Department ofT ib l L dDepartment of EnergyQualified Energy Conservation Bond

  16. Qualified Energy Conservation Bond Webinars | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion | Department ofT ib l L dDepartment of EnergyQualified Energy Conservation BondWebinars

  17. Chemical bond and entanglement of electrons in the hydrogen molecule

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nikos Iliopoulos; Andreas F. Terzis

    2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We theoretically investigate the quantum correlations (in terms of concurrence of indistinguishable electrons) in a prototype molecular system (hydrogen molecule). With the assistance of the standard approximations of the linear combination of atomic orbitals and the con?guration interaction methods we describe the electronic wavefunction of the ground state of the H2 molecule. Moreover, we managed to ?find a rather simple analytic expression for the concurrence (the most used measure of quantum entanglement) of the two electrons when the molecule is in its lowest energy. We have found that concurrence does not really show any relation to the construction of the chemical bond.

  18. Nitrogen-tuned bonding mechanism of Li and Ti adatom embedded graphene

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, Sangho; Chung, Yong-Chae, E-mail: yongchae@hanyang.ac.kr

    2013-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The effects of nitrogen defects on the bonding mechanism and resultant binding energy between the metal and graphene layer were investigated using density functional theory (DFT) calculations. For the graphitic N-doped graphene, Li adatom exhibited ionic bonding character, while Ti adatom showed features of covalent bonding similar to that of pristine graphene. However, in the cases of pyridinic and pyrrolic structures, partially covalent bonding characteristic occurred around N atoms in the process of binding with metals, and this particular bond formation enhanced the bond strength of metal on the graphene layer as much as it exceeded the cohesive energy of the metal bulk. Thus, Li and Ti metals are expected to be dispersed with atomic accuracy on the pyridinic and pyrrolic N-doped graphene layers. These results demonstrate that the bonding mechanism of metal–graphene complex can change according to the type of N defect, and this also affects the binding results. - Graphical abstract: Display Omitted - Highlights: • Nitrogen defects changed the bonding mechanism between metal and graphene. • Bonding character and binding results were investigated using DFT calculations. • Covalent bonding character occurred around pyridinic and pyrrolic N-doped graphene. • Pyridinic and pyrrolic N atoms are effective for metal dispersion on the graphene.

  19. A theory for calculating the surface-adsorbate bond dissociation energy from collision-induced desorption threshold measurements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levis, Robert J.

    to determine surface-adsorbate bond energies.3 Here we present a new model for determin- ing the bondA theory for calculating the surface-adsorbate bond dissociation energy from collision is presented for determining the bond dissociation energy, Do, of a surface-adsorbate complex from collision

  20. JOURNAL OF MICROELECTROMECHANICAL SYSTEMS, VOL. 21, NO. 2, APRIL 2012 497 Rapid Silicon-to-Steel Bonding by Induction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Liwei

    , thermocompressive diffusion bonding has been demonstrated for the bonding of sil- icon nitride to steel [1], [2-to-Steel Bonding by Induction Heating for MEMS Strain Sensors Brian D. Sosnowchik, Robert G. Azevedo, Member, IEEE and manufacturable technique to bond sil- icon to steel for microelectromechanical system (MEMS) sensor applications

  1. Analysis and testing of adhesively bonded lap joints

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Metzinger, K.E.; Guess, T.R.

    1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Detailed studies of adhesively bonded tubular lap joints subjected to axial loads can be efficiently performed with two-dimensional (2D) finite element analyses. However, three-dimensional (3D) analyses are required to model the bending of tubes and the axial loading of many other shapes such as airfoils. Unfortunately, these 3D analyses require significantly more time and computer resources than 2D analyses. Thus, it is of interest to determine whether some aspects of 3D behavior can be captured with 2D analyses. A series of finite element analyses will show that the shear stress in the adhesive of a tubular or an elliptic lap joint -- due to a bending load -- can be reasonably estimated with a 2D analysis even though the behavior is 3D. After the agreement between 2D and 3D analyses is detailed, preliminary efforts to assess the importance of adhesive geometry at the end of the bond will be discussed. Experimental measurements of the mechanical properties of a structural adhesive used in joint tests will also be presented. Tension, compression, and stress relaxation data for a filled, amine-cured epoxy adhesive will be discussed.

  2. IMPACT OF CAPILLARY AND BOND NUMBERS ON RELATIVE PERMEABILITY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kishore K. Mohanty

    2002-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Recovery and recovery rate of oil, gas and condensates depend crucially on their relative permeability. Relative permeability in turn depends on the pore structure, wettability and flooding conditions, which can be represented by a set of dimensionless groups including capillary and bond numbers. The effect of flooding conditions on drainage relative permeabilities is not well understood and is the overall goal of this project. This project has three specific objectives: to improve the centrifuge relative permeability method, to measure capillary and bond number effects experimentally, and to develop a pore network model for multiphase flows. A centrifuge has been built that can accommodate high pressure core holders and x-ray saturation monitoring. The centrifuge core holders can operate at a pore pressure of 6.9 MPa (1000 psi) and an overburden pressure of 17 MPa (2500 psi). The effect of capillary number on residual saturation and relative permeability in drainage flow has been measured. A pore network model has been developed to study the effect of capillary numbers and viscosity ratio on drainage relative permeability. Capillary and Reynolds number dependence of gas-condensate flow has been studied during well testing. A method has been developed to estimate relative permeability parameters from gas-condensate well test data.

  3. Dynamics of Weak, Bifurcated and Strong Hydrogen Bonds in Lithium Nitrate Trihydrate

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Werhahn, Jasper C.; Pandelov, S.; Xantheas, Sotiris S.; Iglev, H.

    2011-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The properties of three distinct types of hydrogen bonds, namely a weak, a bifurcated and a strong one, all present in/the LiNO3 (HDO)(D2O)2 hydrate lattice unit cell are studied using steady-state and time-resolved spectroscopy. The lifetimes of the OH stretching vibrations for the three individual bonds are 2.2 ps (weak), 1.7 ps (bifurcated), and 1.2 ps (strong), respectively. For the first time the properties of bifurcated H bonds can thus be unambiguously directly compared to those of weak and strong H bonds in the same system. The values of their OH stretching vibration lifetime, anharmonicity, red shift and bond strength lie between those for the strong and weak H bonds. The experimentally observed inhomogeneous broadening of their spectral signature is attributed to the coupling with a low frequency intermolecular wagging vibration/

  4. Three Hydrogen Bond Donor Catalysts: Oxyanion Hole Mimics and Transition State Analogues

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beletskiy, Evgeny V.; Schmidt, Jacob C.; Wang, Xue B.; Kass, Steven R.

    2012-11-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Enzymes and their mimics use hydrogen bonds to catalyze chemical transformations. Small molecule transition state analogs of oxyanion holes are characterized by gas phase IR and photoelectron spectroscopy and their binding constants in acetonitrile. As a result, a new class of hydrogen bond catalysts is proposed (OH donors that can contribute three hydrogen bonds to a single functional group) and demonstrated in a Friedel-Crafts reaction.

  5. A CH O Hydrogen Bond Stabilized Polypeptide Chain Reversal Motif at the C Terminus of Helices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Babu, M. Madan

    A C­H· · ·O Hydrogen Bond Stabilized Polypeptide Chain Reversal Motif at the C Terminus of Helices of Science Bangalore 560012, India The serendipitous observation of a C­H· · ·O hydrogen bond mediated­N hydrogen bond involving the side- chain of residue T 2 4 and the N­H group of residue T þ 3. In as many

  6. Liquid Metal Bond for Improved Heat Transfer in LWR Fuel Rods

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Donald Olander

    2005-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

    A liquid metal (LM) consisting of 1/3 weight fraction each of Pb, Sn, and Bi has been proposed as the bonding substance in the pellet-cladding gap in place of He. The LM bond eliminates the large AT over the pre-closure gap which is characteristic of helium-bonded fuel elements. Because the LM does not wet either UO2 or Zircaloy, simply loading fuel pellets into a cladding tube containing LM at atmospheric pressure leaves unfilled regions (voids) in the bond. The HEATING 7.3 heat transfer code indicates that these void spaces lead to local fuel hot spots.

  7. Thermal barrier and overlay coating systems comprising composite metal/metal oxide bond coating layers

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Goedjen, John G. (Oviedo, FL); Sabol, Stephen M. (Orlando, FL); Sloan, Kelly M. (Longwood, FL); Vance, Steven J. (Orlando, FL)

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention generally describes multilayer coating systems comprising a composite metal/metal oxide bond coat layer. The coating systems may be used in gas turbines.

  8. E-Print Network 3.0 - adhesively bonded aluminum Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Centre de mathmatiques Collection: Mathematics 22 ELASTIC-PLASTIC MODE-II FRACTURE OF ADHESIVE JOINTS Summary: unit width) needed to deform an adhesively-bonded...

  9. Tuning by pruning: exploiting disorder for global response and the principle of bond-level independence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carl P. Goodrich; Andrea J. Liu; Sidney R. Nagel

    2015-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

    We exploit the intrinsic difference between disordered and crystalline solids to create systems with unusual and exquisitely tuned mechanical properties. To demonstrate the power of this approach, we design materials that are either virtually incompressible or completely auxetic. Disordered networks can be efficiently driven to these extreme limits by removing a very small fraction of bonds via a selected-bond removal procedure that is both simple and experimentally relevant. The procedure relies on the nearly complete absence of any correlation between the contributions of an individual bond to different elastic moduli. A new principle unique to disordered solids underlies this lack of correlation: independence of bond-level response.

  10. E-Print Network 3.0 - anodically bonded glass-based Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Science 32 APPLICATION OF MEMS TECHNOLOGY TO MICRO DIRECT METHANOL FUEL CELL Xiaowei Liu* Summary: , and anodic bonding. The starting material were two pieces of 3 in....

  11. A Batch Wafer Scale LIGA Assembly and Packaging Technique vai Diffusion Bonding

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Christenson, T.R.; Schmale, D.T.

    1999-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

    A technique using diffusion bonding (or solid-state welding) has been used to achieve batch fabrication of two- level nickel LIGA structures. Interlayer alignment accuracy of less than 1 micron is achieved using press-fit gauge pins. A mini-scale torsion tester was built to measure the diffusion bond strength of LIGA formed specimens that has shown successful bonding at temperatures of 450"C at 7 ksi pressure with bond strength greater than 100 Mpa. Extensions to this basic process to allow for additional layers and thereby more complex assemblies as well as commensurate packaging are discussed.

  12. Bond strength of steel hollow sections using carbon fibre reinforced polymer composites.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shahanara, Kaniz

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??This research was a step forward in developing bond strength of CFRP strengthened steel hollow sections under tension loads. The studies have revealed the ultimate… (more)

  13. A study of the bond characteristics of concrete reinforcing bars coated with epoxy compounds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Desai, Indravadan S

    1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Selected Refe~ ces. Appendix - A . 12 . 20 . 22 . 24 . 25 LIST OF TABLES Table Page Bond Stress at Slip of 0. 01 in. at Loaded End of the Bar . . . . 13 Bond Stress at Slip of 0. 001 in. at Free End of the Bar. . 14 A-1 Bond Stress and Steel.... SUMMARY A number of processes by which the steel-concrete bond can be improved are described. The procedures involve coating steel with a versamid epoxy compound and either casting the concrete around the treated reinforcement before the epoxy hardens...

  14. alkane c-h bond: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    activation of functionalized hydrocarbons. II. CH and CCN bond activation of acetonitrile and benzonitrile. Open Access Theses and Dissertations Summary: ??Several...

  15. arene c-h bonds: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    activation of functionalized hydrocarbons. II. CH and CCN bond activation of acetonitrile and benzonitrile. Open Access Theses and Dissertations Summary: ??Several...

  16. Making it Easier to Complete Clean Energy Projects with Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (QECBs)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This presentation, given through the DOE's Technical Assitance Program (TAP), provides information on How to to Complete Clean Energy Projects with Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (QECBs)

  17. E-Print Network 3.0 - actinidecarbon triple bonds Sample Search...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Adhesives that bond metals, plastics, FRP and other ... Source: Collection: Engineering 84 The accuracy of ab initio molecular geometries for systems containing second-row...

  18. Innovative use of adhesive interface characteristics to nondestructively quantify the strength of bonded joints.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Roach, Dennis Patrick; Duvall, Randy L.; Rackow, Kirk A.

    2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Advances in structural adhesives have permitted engineers to contemplate the use of bonded joints in areas that have long been dominated by mechanical fasteners and welds. Although strength, modulus, and toughness have been improved in modern adhesives, the typical concerns with using these polymers still exist. These include concerns over long-term durability and an inability to quantify bond strength (i.e., identify weak bonds) in adhesive joints. Bond deterioration in aging structures and bond strength in original construction are now critical issues that require more than simple flaw detection. Whether the structure involves metallic or composite materials, it is necessary to extend inspections beyond the detection of disbond flaws to include an assessment of the strength of the bond. Use of advanced nondestructive inspection (NDI) methods to measure the mechanical properties of a bonded joint and associated correlations with post-inspection failure tests have provided some clues regarding the key parameters involved in assessing bond strength. Recent advances in ultrasonic- and thermographic-based inspection methods have shown promise for measuring such properties. Specialized noise reduction and signal enhancement schemes have allowed thermographic interrogations to image the subtle differences between bond lines of various strengths. Similarly, specialized ultrasonic (UT) inspection techniques, including laser UT, guided waves, UT spectroscopy, and resonance methods, can be coupled with unique signal analysis algorithms to accurately characterize the properties of weak interfacial bonds. The generation of sufficient energy input levels to derive bond strength variations, the production of sufficient technique sensitivity to measure such minor response variations, and the difficulty in manufacturing repeatable weak bond specimens are all issues that exacerbate these investigations. The key to evaluating the bond strength lies in the ability to exploit the critical characteristics of weak bonds such as nonlinear responses, poor transmission of shear waves, and changes in response to stiffness-based interrogations. This paper will present several ongoing efforts that have identified promising methods for quantifying bond strength and discuss some completed studies that provide a foundation for further evolution in weak bond assessments.

  19. adhesive bonding high-alumina: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    various conditions, including the type of surface preparation, pH of the environmental media, (more) Xu, Dingying 2004-01-01 2 Bond Characteristics and Qualifications of...

  20. Method of making bonded or sintered permanent magnets

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    McCallum, R.W.; Dennis, K.W.; Lograsso, B.K.; Anderson, I.E.

    1993-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    An isotropic permanent magnet is made by mixing a thermally responsive, low viscosity binder and atomized rare earth-transition metal (e.g., iron) alloy powder having a carbon-bearing (e.g., graphite) layer thereon that facilitates wetting and bonding of the powder particles by the binder. Prior to mixing with the binder, the atomized alloy powder may be sized or classified to provide a particular particle size fraction having a grain size within a given relatively narrow range. A selected particle size fraction is mixed with the binder and the mixture is molded to a desired complex magnet shape. A molded isotropic permanent magnet is thereby formed. A sintered isotropic permanent magnet can be formed by removing the binder from the molded mixture and thereafter sintering to full density.

  1. Plasticity of hydrogen bond networks regulates mechanochemistry of cell adhesion complexes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shaon Chakrabarti; Michael Hinczewski; D. Thirumalai

    2014-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Mechanical forces acting on cell adhesion receptor proteins regulate a range of cellular functions by formation and rupture of non-covalent interactions with ligands. Typically, force decreases the lifetimes of intact complexes (slip-bonds), making the discovery that these lifetimes can also be prolonged ("catch-bonds"), a surprise. We created a microscopic analytic theory by incorporating the structures of selectin and integrin receptors into a conceptual framework based on the theory of stochastic equations, which quantitatively explains a wide range of experimental data (including catch-bonds at low forces and slip-bonds at high forces). Catch-bonds arise due to force-induced remodeling of hydrogen bond networks, a finding that also accounts for unbinding in structurally unrelated integrin-fibronectin and actomyosin complexes. For the selectin family, remodeling of hydrogen bond networks drives an allosteric transition resulting in the formation of maximum number of hydrogen bonds determined only by the structure of the receptor and is independent of the ligand. A similar transition allows us to predict the increase in number of hydrogen bonds in a particular allosteric state of $\\alpha_5 \\beta_1$ integrin-fibronectin complex, a conformation which is yet to be crystallized. We also make a testable prediction that a single point mutation (Tyr51Phe) in the ligand associated with selectin should dramatically alter the nature of the catch-bond compared to the wild type. Our work suggests that nature utilizes a ductile network of hydrogen bonds to engineer function over a broad range of forces.

  2. DOI: 10.1002/adma.200602099 Competitive Hydrogen Bonding in p-Stacked Oligomers**

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rochefort, Alain

    DOI: 10.1002/adma.200602099 Competitive Hydrogen Bonding in p-Stacked Oligomers** By Alain, such as light-emitting diodes, field- effect transistors, and photovoltaic cells.[1] Although such mate- rials by multiple amide functional groups with the ability to form hydrogen bonds.[5] Thus, one can sig- nificantly

  3. Formation and Dissociation of Intra-Intermolecular Hydrogen-Bonded Solute-Solvent Complexes: Chemical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fayer, Michael D.

    architectures in supramolecular chemistry, molecular recognition, and self-assembly. The strength of hydrogen, such as the properties of water4 and biological recognition.3 Hydrogen bonding has been studied extensively in many contexts since the birth of the concept in the early 1900s.2,3,5 Hydrogen bonds can be separated into two

  4. Testing Geometrical Discrimination within an Enzyme Active Site: Constrained Hydrogen Bonding in the Ketosteroid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herschlag, Dan

    Testing Geometrical Discrimination within an Enzyme Active Site: Constrained Hydrogen Bonding, Stanford UniVersity, Stanford, California 94305, and Departments of Biochemistry and Chemistry-chain reorientation and prevent hydrogen bond shortening by 0.1 Ă? or less. Further, this constraint has substantial

  5. The Valuation of Convertible Bonds With Credit Risk P. A. Forsyth K. R. Vetzal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Forsyth, Peter A.

    The Valuation of Convertible Bonds With Credit Risk E. Ayache P. A. Forsyth K. R. Vetzal April 22 upon the history of its stock price. This paper explores the valuation of convertible bonds subject implicit method to decou- ple the system of linear complementarity problems at each timestep. Numerical

  6. Bonded carbon or ceramic fiber composite filter vent for radioactive waste

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Brassell, Gilbert W. (13237 W. 8th Ave., Golden, CO 80401); Brugger, Ronald P. (Lafayette, CO)

    1985-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Carbon bonded carbon fiber composites as well as ceramic or carbon bonded ceramic fiber composites are very useful as filters which can separate particulate matter from gas streams entraining the same. These filters have particular application to the filtering of radioactive particles, e.g., they can act as vents for containers of radioactive waste material.

  7. Electronic states of metallic and semiconducting carbon nanotubes with bond and site disorder

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harigaya, Kikuo

    energy in both of metallic and semiconducting carbon nanotubes. The bond disorder gives rise to a huge nanotube. We have also found that suppression of electronic conductance around the Fermi energy due and semiconducting carbon nanotubes. A huge density of states appears at the Fermi energy in the bond disorder case

  8. Instability of two-dimensional graphene: Breaking sp2 bonds with soft x rays

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zettl, Alex

    Instability of two-dimensional graphene: Breaking sp2 bonds with soft x rays S. Y. Zhou,1,2 Ç. Ö the stability of various kinds of graphene samples under soft x-ray irradiation. Our results show that in single-layer exfoliated graphene a closer analog to two-dimensional material , the in-plane carbon- carbon bonds

  9. Mathematical Modeling and Experimental Investigations of Isothermal Solidification during Transient Liquid Phase Bonding of Nickel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Medraj, Mamoun

    Liquid Phase Bonding of Nickel Superalloys M. A. Arafin1, a , M. Medraj1, b , D. P. Turner2, c and P Liquid Phase Bonding, Nickel Superalloys. Abstract. Mathematical model, based on Fick's second law of diffusion, was used to predict the time required to complete isothermal solidification and to determine

  10. FINITE VOLUME APPROXIMATION OF THE EFFECTIVE DIFFUSION MATRIX: THE CASE OF INDEPENDENT BOND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FINITE VOLUME APPROXIMATION OF THE EFFECTIVE DIFFUSION MATRIX: THE CASE OF INDEPENDENT BOND with independent jump rates across nearest neighbour bonds of the lattice. We show that the infinite volume effective diffusion matrix can be almost surely recovered as the limit of finite volume periodized effective

  11. MOLECULAR PHYSICS, 1999, VOL. 97, NO. 7, 897 905 Dynamics and hydrogen bonding in liquid ethanol

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saiz, Leonor

    MOLECULAR PHYSICS, 1999, VOL. 97, NO. 7, 897± 905 Dynamics and hydrogen bonding in liquid ethanol L of liquid ethanol at three temperatures have been carried out. The hydrogen bonding states of ethanol measurements of the frequency-dependent dielectric permittivity of liquid ethanol. 1. Introduction A detailed

  12. Bonding of thermoplastic polymer microfluidics Chia-Wen Tsao Don L. DeVoe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubloff, Gary W.

    REVIEW Bonding of thermoplastic polymer microfluidics Chia-Wen Tsao Ă? Don L. DeVoe Received: 20 Abstract Thermoplastics are highly attractive substrate materials for microfluidic systems, with important microchannels and other microfluidic elements, and thus bonding remains a critical step in any thermo- plastic

  13. Mechanical Force Can Fine-Tune Redox Potentials of Disulfide Bonds Ilona B. Baldus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gräter, Frauke

    Mechanical Force Can Fine-Tune Redox Potentials of Disulfide Bonds Ilona B. Baldus and Frauke Gra, China ABSTRACT Mechanical force applied along a disulfide bond alters its rate of reduction. We here within proteins by point mutations. INTRODUCTION Similar to thermal or light energy, mechanical force can

  14. Structure and function of circadian clock proteins and deuterium isotope effects in nucleic acid hydrogen bonds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vakonakis, Ioannis

    2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    -terminal domain. Hydrogen bonds are of paramount importance in nucleic acid structure and function. Here we show that changes in the width and anharmonicity of vibrational potential energy wells of hydrogen bonded groups can be measured in nucleic acids and can...

  15. Adhesion, stability, and bonding at metal/metal-carbide interfaces: Al/WC Donald J. Siegel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, James B

    of adhesion between metals and transition metal carbides/nitrides based on Density Functional Theory(DFT)[14Adhesion, stability, and bonding at metal/metal-carbide interfaces: Al/WC Donald J. Siegel the nature of metal/carbide bonding. Based on the surface and interfacial free energies, we find that both

  16. The Brownian Bridge Asymptotics in the Subcritical Phase of Bernoulli Bond Percolation Model.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kovchegov, Yevgeniy

    The Brownian Bridge Asymptotics in the Subcritical Phase of Bernoulli Bond Percolation Model-dimensional subcritical Bernoulli bond percolation model conditioned on connecting points (0, ..., 0) and na if scaled percolation cluster in subcritical phase, conditioned on reaching a faraway point on square lattice. We

  17. Investigation of the suitability of silicate bonding for facet termination in active

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Byer, Robert L.

    Investigation of the suitability of silicate bonding for facet termination in active fiber devices Memorial Drive, Rochester, NY 14623, USA supriyo@stanford.edu Abstract: We demonstrate that silicate / OPTICS EXPRESS 13003 #12;11. K. Mackenzie, I. Brown, P. Ranchod, and R. Meinhold, "Silicate bonding

  18. Hydrogen incorporation in stishovite at high pressure and symmetric hydrogen bonding in N-AlOOH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stixrude, Lars

    Hydrogen incorporation in stishovite at high pressure and symmetric hydrogen bonding in N significant amounts of hydrogen in stishovite under lower-mantle conditions. The enthalpy of solution pressure and temperature. We predict asymmetric hydrogen bonding in the stishovite^N-AlOOH solid solution

  19. Ultrafast conversions between hydrogen bonded structures in liquid water observed by femtosecond x-ray spectroscopy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wen, Haidan; Huse, Nils; Schoenlein, Robert W.; Lindenberg, Aaron M.

    2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present the first femtosecond soft x-ray spectroscopy in liquids, enabling the observation of changes in hydrogen bond structures in water via core-hole excitation. The oxygen K-edge of vibrationally excited water is probed with femtosecond soft x-ray pulses, exploiting the relation between different water structures and distinct x-ray spectral features. After excitation of the intramolecular OH stretching vibration, characteristic x-ray absorption changes monitor the conversion of strongly hydrogen-bonded water structures to more disordered structures with weaker hydrogen-bonding described by a single subpicosecond time constant. The latter describes the thermalization time of vibrational excitations and defines the characteristic maximum rate with which nonequilibrium populations of more strongly hydrogen-bonded water structures convert to less-bonded ones. On short time scales, the relaxation of vibrational excitations leads to a transient high-pressure state and a transient absorption spectrum different from that of statically heated water.

  20. Diffusion bonding of a superplastic Inconel 718SPF superalloy by electroless nickel plating

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yeh, M.S.; Chang, C.B.; Chuang, T.H.

    2000-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Although intimate contact can be obtained for diffusion bonding of a superplastic Inconel 718SPF superalloy under a low pressure of 7 MPa, the precipitates formed at the interface retarded achievement of a sound joint. The shear strength was only 41.5 MPa for an overlap length of 12 T (T = 1.3 mm, sheet thickness). The diffusion bondability of t his Inconel 718SPF superalloy was enhanced by electroless nickel plating. In this situation, the bonding shear strength increased to 70.4 MPa for the same overlap length of 12 T under the same bonding condition, regardless of the roughness of the surface to be bonded. Upon decreasing the overlap length from 12 to 6T, the bonding strength remained constant.

  1. Lateral diffusion of receptor-ligand bonds in membrane adhesion zones: Effect of thermal membrane roughness

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. Krobath; G. J. Schuetz; R. Lipowsky; T. R. Weikl

    2007-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

    The adhesion of cells is mediated by membrane receptors that bind to complementary ligands in apposing cell membranes. It is generally assumed that the lateral diffusion of mobile receptor-ligand bonds in membrane-membrane adhesion zones is slower than the diffusion of unbound receptors and ligands. We find that this slowing down is not only caused by the larger size of the bound receptor-ligand complexes, but also by thermal fluctuations of the membrane shape. We model two adhering membranes as elastic sheets pinned together by receptor-ligand bonds and study the diffusion of the bonds using Monte Carlo simulations. In our model, the fluctuations reduce the bond diffusion constant in planar membranes by a factor close to 2 in the biologically relevant regime of small bond concentrations.

  2. Method for bonding thin film thermocouples to ceramics

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Kreider, Kenneth G. (Potomac, MD)

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A method is provided for adhering a thin film metal thermocouple to a ceramic substrate used in an environment up to 700 degrees Centigrade, such as at a cylinder of an internal combustion engine. The method includes the steps of: depositing a thin layer of a reactive metal on a clean ceramic substrate; and depositing thin layers of platinum and a platinum-10% rhodium alloy forming the respective legs of the thermocouple on the reactive metal layer. The reactive metal layer serves as a bond coat between the thin noble metal thermocouple layers and the ceramic substrate. The thin layers of noble metal are in the range of 1-4 micrometers thick. Preferably, the ceramic substrate is selected from the group consisting of alumina and partially stabilized zirconia. Preferably, the thin layer of reactive metal is in the range of 0.015-0.030 micrometers (15-30 nanometers) thick. The preferred reactive metal is chromium. Other reactive metals may be titanium or zirconium. The thin layer of reactive metal may be deposited by sputtering in ultra high purity argon in a vacuum of approximately 2 milliTorr (0.3 Pascals).

  3. MATERIALS INTEGRATION FOR HIGH- PERFORMANCE PHOTOVOLTAICS BY WAFER BONDING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    James Michael Zahler; James Michael Zahler

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    No thesis is an individual endeavor, and this thesis would not have been possible without the assistance of my collaborators and advisor and would have been unendurable without the support of my coworkers, friends, and family. I apologize in advance to anyone whom I might omit in this brief acknowledgement, but it is late and I am running out of time! In the summer of 2000, Harry Atwater agreed to allow me to transfer to his group from the chemical engineering department. I was discouraged and doubtful about my future at Caltech and in graduate school in general. Since giving me that chance he has been a great advisor with no shortage of encouragement or ideas. I am never sure if this is by design, but Harry has managed to inspire me to work hard and has given me countless ideas to pursue while always allowing me to feel that I have nearly complete freedom to pursue experiments that are interesting to me. While in Harry’s group I had the good fortune to work closely with two post-doctoral scholars, Chang-Geun Ahn and Anna Fontcuberta i Morral. Chang-Geun was extremely helpful in getting the Ge/Si bonding project going and in optical and electrical characterization experiments. Anna was tough to work with because her energy level is so darned high, but she has also been very supportive and her high energy approach to research has pushed me to work

  4. Method of waste stabilization with dewatered chemically bonded phosphate ceramics

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wagh, Arun; Maloney, Martin D.

    2010-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

    A method of stabilizing a waste in a chemically bonded phosphate ceramic (CBPC). The method consists of preparing a slurry including the waste, water, an oxide binder, and a phosphate binder. The slurry is then allowed to cure to a solid, hydrated CBPC matrix. Next, bound water within the solid, hydrated CBPC matrix is removed. Typically, the bound water is removed by applying heat to the cured CBPC matrix. Preferably, the quantity of heat applied to the cured CBPC matrix is sufficient to drive off water bound within the hydrated CBPC matrix, but not to volatalize other non-water components of the matrix, such as metals and radioactive components. Typically, a temperature range of between 100.degree. C.-200.degree. C. will be sufficient. In another embodiment of the invention wherein the waste and water have been mixed prior to the preparation of the slurry, a select amount of water may be evaporated from the waste and water mixture prior to preparation of the slurry. Another aspect of the invention is a direct anyhydrous CBPC fabrication method wherein water is removed from the slurry by heating and mixing the slurry while allowing the slurry to cure. Additional aspects of the invention are ceramic matrix waste forms prepared by the methods disclosed above.

  5. Dinuclear Metalloradicals Featuring Unsupported Metal-Metal Bonds

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    van der Eide, Edwin F.; Yang, Ping; Walter, Eric D.; Liu, Tianbiao L.; Bullock, R. Morris

    2012-08-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Unlike the very labile, unobservable radical cations [{l_brace}CpM(CO){sub 3}{r_brace}{sub 2}]{sup {sm_bullet}+} (M = W, Mo), derivatives [{l_brace}CpM(CO){sub 2}(PMe{sub 3}){r_brace}{sub 2}]{sup {sm_bullet}+} are stable enough to be isolated and characterized. Experimental and theoretical studies show that the shortened M-M bonds are of order 1 1/2, and that they are not supported by bridging ligands. The unpaired electron is fully delocalized, with a spin density of ca. 45% on each metal atom. We thank the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Division of Chemical Sciences, Biosciences and Geosciences for support of this work. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) is a multiprogram national laboratory operated for DOE by Battelle. The EPR and computational studies were performed using EMSL, a national scientific user facility sponsored by the DOE's Office of Biological and Environmental Research and located at PNNL. We thank Dr. Charles Windisch for access to his UV-Vis-NIR spectrometer.

  6. Polyorganosilazane preceramic binder development for reaction bonded silicon nitride composites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mohr, D.L.; Starr, T.L. [Georgia Tech Research Inst., Atlanta, GA (United States)

    1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study has examined the use of two commercially available polyorganosilazanes for application as preceramic binders in a composite composed of silicon carbide fibers in a reaction bonded silicon nitride (RBSN) matrix. Ceramic monolithic and composite samples were produced. Density of monolithic and whisker reinforced RBSN samples containing the polysilazane binder was increased. Mercury intrusion porosimetry revealed a significant decrease in the pore sizes of samples containing a polyorganosilazane binder. Electron micrographs of samples containing the preceramic binder looked similar to control samples containing no precursor. Overall, incorporation of the polysilazane into monolithic and whisker reinforced samples resulted in significantly increased density and decreased porosity. Nitriding of the RBSN was slightly retarded by addition of the polysilazane binder. Samples with the preceramic binders contained increased contents of {alpha} versus {beta}-silicon nitride which may be due to interaction of hydrogen evolved from polysilazane pyrolysis with the nitriding process. Initial efforts to produce continuous fiber reinforced composites via this method have not realized the same improvements in density and porosity which have been observed for monolithic and whisker reinforced samples. Further, the addition of perceramic binder resulted in a more brittle fracture morphology as compared to similar composites made without the binder.

  7. Polyorganosilazane preceramic binder development for reaction bonded silicon nitride composites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mohr, D.L.; Starr, T.L. (Georgia Tech Research Inst., Atlanta, GA (United States))

    1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study has examined the use of two commercially available polyorganosilazanes for application as preceramic binders in a composite composed of silicon carbide fibers in a reaction bonded silicon nitride (RBSN) matrix. Ceramic monolithic and composite samples were produced. Density of monolithic and whisker reinforced RBSN samples containing the polysilazane binder was increased. Mercury intrusion porosimetry revealed a significant decrease in the pore sizes of samples containing a polyorganosilazane binder. Electron micrographs of samples containing the preceramic binder looked similar to control samples containing no precursor. Overall, incorporation of the polysilazane into monolithic and whisker reinforced samples resulted in significantly increased density and decreased porosity. Nitriding of the RBSN was slightly retarded by addition of the polysilazane binder. Samples with the preceramic binders contained increased contents of [alpha] versus [beta]-silicon nitride which may be due to interaction of hydrogen evolved from polysilazane pyrolysis with the nitriding process. Initial efforts to produce continuous fiber reinforced composites via this method have not realized the same improvements in density and porosity which have been observed for monolithic and whisker reinforced samples. Further, the addition of perceramic binder resulted in a more brittle fracture morphology as compared to similar composites made without the binder.

  8. An On-Target Performic Acid Oxidation Method Suitable for Disulfide Bond Elucidation Using Capillary Electrophoresis - Mass Spectrometry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, Brad J.

    2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    methods before or after MS detection have been developed to aid in disulfide bond assignment, such as tandem MS followed by database searching or modification of the disulfide bond via chemical reduction or oxidation. Despite these technological...

  9. Correlation among electronegativity, cation polarizability, optical basicity and single bond strength of simple oxides

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dimitrov, Vesselin, E-mail: vesselin@uctm.edu [Department of Silicate Technology, University of Chemical Technology and Metallurgy, 8, Kl. Ohridski Blvd., Sofia 1756 (Bulgaria)] [Department of Silicate Technology, University of Chemical Technology and Metallurgy, 8, Kl. Ohridski Blvd., Sofia 1756 (Bulgaria); Komatsu, Takayuki, E-mail: komatsu@mst.nagaokaut.ac.jp [Department of Materials Science and Technology, Nagaoka University of Technology, 1603-1 Kamitomioka-cho, Nagaoka 940-2188 (Japan)] [Department of Materials Science and Technology, Nagaoka University of Technology, 1603-1 Kamitomioka-cho, Nagaoka 940-2188 (Japan)

    2012-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A suitable relationship between free-cation polarizability and electronegativity of elements in different valence states and with the most common coordination numbers has been searched on the basis of the similarity in physical nature of both quantities. In general, the cation polarizability increases with decreasing element electronegativity. A systematic periodic change in the polarizability against the electronegativity has been observed in the isoelectronic series. It has been found that generally the optical basicity increases and the single bond strength of simple oxides decreases with decreasing the electronegativity. The observed trends have been discussed on the basis of electron donation ability of the oxide ions and type of chemical bonding in simple oxides. - Graphical abstract: This figure shows the single bond strength of simple oxides as a function of element electronegativity. A remarkable correlation exists between these independently obtained quantities. High values of electronegativity correspond to high values of single bond strength and vice versa. It is obvious that the observed trend in this figure is closely related to the type of chemical bonding in corresponding oxide. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A suitable relationship between free-cation polarizability and electronegativity of elements was searched. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The cation polarizability increases with decreasing element electronegativity. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The single bond strength of simple oxides decreases with decreasing the electronegativity. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The observed trends were discussed on the basis of type of chemical bonding in simple oxides.

  10. C-H..O Hydrogen Bonds in Minor Groove of A-tracts in DNA Double Helices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bansal, Manju

    C-H..O Hydrogen Bonds in Minor Groove of A-tracts in DNA Double Helices Anirban Ghosh and Manju-pair as well as cross-strand C-H..O hydrogen bonds in the minor groove. The C2-H2..O2 hydrogen bonds within leads to a narrow minor groove in these regions. # 1999 Academic Press Keywords: C-H..O hydrogen bonds

  11. Bond Graph Modeling of Current Diffusion in Magnetic Cores Herv Morel, Bruno Allard, Sabrine M'Rad, Cyril Buttay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Bond Graph Modeling of Current Diffusion in Magnetic Cores Hervé Morel, Bruno Allard, Sabrine M, F-69621 Villeurbanne Cedex, France KEYBOARD: Bond Graphs, Variational approximation, Diffusive with the diffusion representation. Both approaches yield a same bond graph representation. 2. MODELING CURRENT

  12. Plasma-activated direct bonding of diamond-on-insulator wafers to thermal oxide grown silicon wafers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akin, Tayfun

    microscopy, profilometer and wafer bow measurements. Plasma-activated direct bonding of DOI wafers to thermalPlasma-activated direct bonding of diamond-on-insulator wafers to thermal oxide grown silicon (CMP) on the diamond surface makes a poor bonding to silicon wafers with thermal oxide. Our results

  13. Hydrogen Bonds Involved in Binding the Qi-site Semiquinone in the bc1 Complex, Identified through Deuterium Exchange

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crofts, Antony R.

    Hydrogen Bonds Involved in Binding the Qi-site Semiquinone in the bc1 Complex, Identified through them. The strength of interactions indicates that the protons are involved in hydrogen bonds with SQ. The hyperfine cou- plings differ from values typical for in-plane hydrogen bonds previously observed in model

  14. Hydrogen bonding preference of equatorial versus axial hydroxyl groups in pyran and cyclohexane rings in organic crystals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Gispert, AdriĂ 

    Paper Hydrogen bonding preference of equatorial versus axial hydroxyl groups in pyran of the hydrogen bonding counts in crystalline pyranose monosaccharides, we noticed that equatorial hydroxyls formed more hydrogen bonds, on average, than axial groups. A survey of the Cambridge Structural Database

  15. Subangstrom Crystallography Reveals that Short Ionic Hydrogen Bonds, and Not a His-Asp Low-Barrier Hydrogen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Agard, David

    Subangstrom Crystallography Reveals that Short Ionic Hydrogen Bonds, and Not a His-Asp Low-Barrier Hydrogen Bond, Stabilize the Transition State in Serine Protease Catalysis Cynthia N. Fuhrmann, Matthew D that destabilizes the His57-Ser195 hydrogen bond, preventing the back-reaction. In both structures the His57-Asp102

  16. Hydrogen Bond Switching among Flavin and Amino Acid Side Chains in the BLUF Photoreceptor Observed by Ultrafast Infrared Spectroscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Stokkum, Ivo

    Hydrogen Bond Switching among Flavin and Amino Acid Side Chains in the BLUF Photoreceptor Observed hydrogen-bond network with nearby amino acid side chains, including a highly conserved tyrosine and glutamine. The participation of particular amino acid side chains in the ultrafast hydrogen-bond switching

  17. Hydrogen Bond Switching among Flavin and Amino Acids Determines the Nature of Proton-Coupled Electron Transfer in BLUF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Stokkum, Ivo

    Hydrogen Bond Switching among Flavin and Amino Acids Determines the Nature of Proton results from a hydrogen bond switch between the flavin and its surrounding amino acids that preconfigures a rearrangement of the hydrogen bond network around the flavin takes place leading to a 10-15 nm red shift

  18. Hydrogen Bond Lifetimes and Energetics for Solute/Solvent Complexes Studied with 2D-IR Vibrational Echo Spectroscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fayer, Michael D.

    Hydrogen Bond Lifetimes and Energetics for Solute/Solvent Complexes Studied with 2D-IR Vibrational@stanford.edu Abstract: Weak hydrogen-bonded solute/solvent complexes are studied with ultrafast two the dissociation and formation rates of the hydrogen-bonded complexes. The dissociation rates of the weak hydrogen

  19. Hydrogen-Bonding Interaction in Molecular Complexes and Clusters of Aerosol Nucleation Alexei Khalizov, and Renyi Zhang*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hydrogen-Bonding Interaction in Molecular Complexes and Clusters of Aerosol Nucleation Precursors, water, and ammonia. A central feature of the complexes is the presence of two hydrogen bonds. Organic acid-sulfuric acid complexes show one strong and one medium-strength hydrogen bond whereas

  20. Hydrogen-bond equilibria and life times in a supercooled monohydroxy alcohol

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. Gainaru; S. Kastner; F. Mayr; P. Lunkenheimer; S. Schildmann; H. J. Weber; W. Hiller; A. Loidl; R. Böhmer

    2011-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Dielectric loss spectra covering 13 decades in frequency were collected for 2-ethyl-1-hexanol, a monohydroxy alcohol that exhibits a prominent Debye-like relaxation, typical for several classes of hydrogen-bonded liquids. The thermal variation of the dielectric absorption amplitude agrees well with that of the hydrogen-bond equilibrium population, experimentally mapped out using near infrared (NIR) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) measurements. Despite this agreement, temperature-jump NIR spectroscopy reveals that the hydrogen-bond switching rate does not define the frequency position of the prominent absorption peak. This contrasts with widespread notions and models based thereon, but is consistent with a recent approach.