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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retrofit candidate behavioral" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Application of proactive behavioral techniques for the promotion of solar retrofit in condominiums: the Friars Village case study  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this project was to develop a program for marketing solar technology to the condominium market. As such, it was intended as a pilot study of retrofit solar water heating for multi-family residences. This objective was later expanded into developing a cooperative model with applicability to: residential housing (multi-family and single family high density); commercial buildings; retrofit and new construction; and water and space heating. An experimental program conducted in the Friars Village development in San Diego is described. The program provided residents with a structured approach to a solar analysis. It included: assessment of existing energy use; assessment of local attitudes concerning solar; review of local building codes affecting solar; analysis of the legal documents governing the condominium, selection of solar designers and contractors; solar system design alternatives; financing of systems; and other relevant information. Section II, provides background information on the development of the project and on the study site, Friars Village. Section III describes the original strategy for the project and the steps outlined to accomplish the goals set for the project. Section IV provides documentation for and results of the activities conducted during the course of the project. Section V provides some discussion of the lessons learned from the experience. (MCW)

Mick, C.; Callahan, D.; Garcia, R.; Spielberg, F.; Mick, U.

1980-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

2

Engagement with Utilities on Multifamily Retrofits | Department...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Assistance Program Multifamily Retrofits Engagement with Utilities on Multifamily Retrofits Engagement with Utilities on Multifamily Retrofits Weatherization professionals...

3

Deep Energy Retrofits - Eleven California Case Studies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

retrofit thermal leakage in guestroom ceiling…………………………….171retrofit thermal leakage in guestroom ceiling Figure 107 -

Less, Brennan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Residential Retrofit Program Design Guide  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This Residential Retrofit Program Design Guide focuses on the key elements and design characteristics of building and maintaining a successful residential retrofit program.

5

Residential Retrofit Program Design Guide Overview Transcript...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Residential Retrofit Program Design Guide Overview Transcript.doc Residential Retrofit Program Design Guide Overview Transcript.doc Residential Retrofit Program Design Guide...

6

Deep Energy Retrofits & State Applications  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This presentation, given through the DOE's Technical Assitance Program (TAP), provides information on Deep Energy Retrofits & State Applications

7

Retrofit Financial Analysis Tool  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Street and Parking Facility Lighting Retrofit Financial Analysis Tool was developed by a partnership of the DOE Municipal Solid-State Street Lighting Consortium, the Clinton Climate Initiative (CCI)/C40, and the Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP), for the financial analysis of retrofitting street and parking facility lighting with more efficient alternatives. Property owners, city and other government agencies, utilities, and energy efficiency organizations can use this tool to compute annualized energy and energy-cost savings, maintenance savings, greenhouse gas reductions, net present value, and simple payback associated with potential lighting upgrades.

8

Electrochemical determination of the corrosion behavior of candidate alloys proposed for containment of high level nuclear waste in tuff  

SciTech Connect

Long-term geological disposal of nuclear waste requires corrosion-resistant canister materials for encapsulation. Several austenitic stainless steels are under consideration for such purposes for the disposal of high-level waste at the candidate repository site located at Yucca Mountain, Nevada. With regard to corrosion considerations, a worst case scenario at this prospective repository location would result from the intrusion of vadose water. This preliminary study focuses on the electrochemical and corrosion behavior of the candidate canister materials under worst-case repository environments. Electrochemical parameters related to localized attack (e.g., pitting potentials) and the electrochemical corrosion rates have been examined. 15 references, 15 figures, 4 tables.

Glass, R.S.; Overturf, G.E.; Garrison, R.E.; McCright, R.D.

1984-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

9

Progress in Residential Retrofit  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

The Cutting Edge: Progress in Residential Retrofit The Cutting Edge: Progress in Residential Retrofit A geographic representation of saturations of ceiling fans based on data from the RASSes. White areas indicate a lack of data for that region. Many utilities survey their customers to learn more about the buildings and the occupants in their service areas. These surveys-usually called "residential appliance saturation surveys," or RASSes-ask for the number and types of appliances present, the number of people living in the home, and sometimes personal information. The RASSes are also used to collect information about the presence of conservation measures such as wall and ceiling insulation, weatherstripping, multipane windows, and water flow restrictors. Building Energy Analysis Group researchers Alan Meier and Brian Pon gathered RASSes

10

Supermarket Energy Retrofit  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Display Fans with EC Fans ECM 25 Install Glass Doors on Liquor Cases ECM 26 Upgrade Refrigeration Control System ECM 27 Refrigeration Tune up ECM 28 Daylight Loading Dock & BOH Store ECM 29 On-going Three Year Measurement & Verification Plan ECM 30..., Refrigeration, Retail, Skylights, Retrofit 1. Introduction A conventionally built supermarket has a combination of features that result in excessive energy consumption. There are open refrigerated displays adjacent to occupied heated aisles and very high...

Dazeley, J.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

PSNH- Small Business Retrofit Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Public Service of New Hampshire (PSNH), an electric utility, offers financial incentives and technical advice to small business customers seeking to improve energy efficiency through retrofits....

12

Evaluation of Retrofit Delivery Packages  

SciTech Connect

Residential energy retrofit activities are a critical component of efforts to increase energy efficiency in the U.S. building stock; however, retrofits account for a small percentage of aggregate energy savings at relatively high per unit costs. This report by Building America research team, Alliance for Residential Building Innovation (ARBI), describes barriers to widespread retrofits and evaluates opportunities to improve delivery of home retrofit measures by identifying economies of scale in marketing, energy assessments, and bulk purchasing through pilot programs in portions of Sonoma, Los Angeles, and San Joaquin Counties, CA. These targeted communities show potential and have revealed key strategies for program design, as outlined in the report.

Berman, M.; Smith, P.; Porse, E.

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

How Do We Retrofit the Tough Buildings  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Do We Retrofit the Tough Buildings? Do We Retrofit the Tough Buildings? Cape Cod Style and Masonry Ken Neuhauser, Building Science Corporation Cape Cod Style Retrofitting the Tough Buildings 29 April 2013 2 Cape Cod Style Retrofitting the Tough Buildings 29 April 2013 3 Cape Cod Style Retrofitting the Tough Buildings 29 April 2013 4 Cape Cod Style Retrofitting the Tough Buildings 29 April 2013 5 Cape Cod Style Retrofitting the Tough Buildings 29 April 2013 6 Cape Cod Style Retrofitting the Tough Buildings 29 April 2013 7 Cape Cod Style Retrofitting the Tough Buildings 29 April 2013 8 Cape Cod Style Retrofitting the Tough Buildings 29 April 2013 9 Cape Cod Style Retrofitting the Tough Buildings 29 April 2013 10 Cape Cod Style Retrofitting the Tough Buildings 29 April 2013 11 Cape Cod Style - Knee Wall

14

Biodiesel + SCR Retrofit Testing | Department of Energy  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

+ SCR Retrofit Testing Biodiesel + SCR Retrofit Testing This work retrofitted an in-use engine with urea SCR and measured NOx reductions versus blend levels of ULSD, B20, and B100...

15

Building Technologies Office: Advanced Energy Retrofit Guides  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Energy Retrofit Guides to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Advanced Energy Retrofit Guides on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Advanced Energy Retrofit Guides on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Advanced Energy Retrofit Guides on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Advanced Energy Retrofit Guides on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Advanced Energy Retrofit Guides on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Advanced Energy Retrofit Guides on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Activities 179d Tax Calculator Advanced Energy Design Guides Advanced Energy Retrofit Guides Building Energy Data Exchange Specification Buildings Performance Database Data Centers Energy Asset Score

16

Retrofit Ventilation Strategies in Multifamily Buildings Webinar  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Foundation Retrofits Foundation Retrofits Building America Webinar November 30, 2011 Kohta Ueno Hybrid Foundation Retrofits 2 Background Hybrid Foundation Retrofits 3 Background  Space conditioning energy use for basements  Known moisture-safe solutions (previous research)  Persistent bulk water (leakage) issues  Retrofits of existing foundations  Especially uneven wall (rubble stone) foundations  "Hybrid" insulation and bulk water control assemblies Hybrid Foundation Retrofits 4 Foundations w. bulk water issues  Severe and rapid damage to interior insulation and finishes due to bulk water intrusion Hybrid Foundation Retrofits 5 Insulation Location Choices * Retrofits: interior insulation is often the only

17

Quality Assurance for Residential Retrofit Programs | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Quality Assurance for Residential Retrofit Programs Quality Assurance for Residential Retrofit Programs Blue version of the EERE PowerPoint template, for use with PowerPoint 2007....

18

Demonstrating and Deploying Integrated Retrofit Technologies...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Demonstrating and Deploying Integrated Retrofit Technologies and Solutions - 2014 BTO Peer Review Demonstrating and Deploying Integrated Retrofit Technologies and Solutions - 2014...

19

Bright prospects for lighting retrofits  

SciTech Connect

Great potential for energy savings can be found in the alleys, hallways and stairwells of multifamily buildings, but this potential is not always easy to realize. This article discusses the solution to common problems, retrofitting mistakes, retrofitting for savings, replacements for incandescent bulbs, better exit lights. 1 fig., 1 tab.

Hasterok, L. [Wisconsin Energy Conservation Corp., Madison, WI (United States)

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Strengthening Building Retrofit Markets  

SciTech Connect

The Business Energy Financing (BEF) program offered commercial businesses in Michigan affordable financing options and other incentives designed to support energy efficiency improvements. We worked through partnerships with Michigan utilities, lenders, building contractors, trade associations, and other community organizations to offer competitive interest rates and flexible financing terms to support energy efficiency projects that otherwise would not have happened. The BEF program targeted the retail food market, including restaurants, grocery stores, convenience stores, and wholesale food vendors, with the goal of achieving energy efficiency retrofits for 2 percent of the target market. We offered low interest rates, flexible payments, easy applications and approval processes, and access to other incentives and rebates. Through these efforts, we sought to help customers strive for energy savings retrofits that would save 20 percent or more on their energy use. This program helped Michigan businesses reduce costs by financing energy efficient lighting, heating and cooling systems, insulation, refrigeration, equipment upgrades, and more. Businesses completed the upgrades with the help of our authorized contractors, and, through our lending partners, we provided affordable financing options.

Templeton, Mary [Michigan Saves; Jackson, Robert [Michigan Energy Office

2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retrofit candidate behavioral" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Retrofit Existing Buildings | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Retrofit Existing Buildings Retrofit Existing Buildings Retrofit Existing Buildings Renovation, retrofit and refurbishment of existing buildings represent an opportunity to upgrade the energy performance of commercial building assets for their ongoing life. Often retrofit involves modifications to existing commercial buildings that may improve energy efficiency or decrease energy demand. In addition, retrofits are often used as opportune time to install distributed generation to a building. Energy efficiency retrofits can reduce the operational costs, particularly in older buildings, as well as help to attract tenants and gain a market edge. The Building Technologies Office provides resources that allow planners, designers, and owners to focus on energy-use goals from the first planning

22

Creep rupture behavior of candidate materials for nuclear process heat applications  

SciTech Connect

Creep and stress rupture properties are determined for the candidate materials to be used in hightemperature gas-cooled reactor (HTGR) components. The materials and test methods are briefly described based on experimental results of test durations of about20000 h. The medium creep strengths of the alloys Inconel-617, Hastelloy-X, Nimonic-86, Hastelloy-S, Manaurite-36X, IN-519, and Incoloy-800H are compared showing that Inconel-617 has the best creep rupture properties in the temperature range above 800/sup 0/C. The rupture time of welded joints is in the lower range of the scatterband of the parent metal. The properties determined in different simulated HTGR atmospheres are within the scatterband of the properties obtained in air. Extrapolation methods are discussed and a modified minimum commitment method is favored.

Schubert, F.; te Heesen, E.; Bruch, U.; Cook, R.; Diehl, H.; Ennis, P.J.; Jakobeit, W.; Penkalla, H.J.; Ullrich, G.

1984-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

Post-Retrofit Residential Assessments  

SciTech Connect

This study examined a range of factors influencing energy consumption in households that had participated in residential energy-efficiency upgrades. The study was funded by a grant from the U.S. Department of Energy’s Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and was conducted by faculty and staff of Portland State University Center for Urban Studies and Department of Economics. This work was made possible through the assistance and support of the Energy Trust of Oregon (ETO), whose residential energy-efficiency programs provided the population from which the sample cases were drawn. All households in the study had participated in the ETO Home Performance with Energy Star (HPwES) program. A number of these had concurrently pursued measures through other ETO programs. Post-retrofit energy outcomes are rarely investigated on a house-by-house basis. Rather, aggregate changes are ordinarily the focus of program impact evaluations, with deviation from aggregate expectations chalked up to measurement error, the vagaries of weather and idiosyncrasies of occupants. However, understanding how homes perform post-retrofit on an individual basis can give important insights to increase energy savings at the participant and the programmatic level. Taking a more disaggregated approach, this study analyzed energy consumption data from before and after the retrofit activity and made comparisons with engineering estimates for the upgrades, to identify households that performed differently from what may have been expected based on the estimates. A statistical analysis using hierarchal linear models, which accounted for weather variations, was performed looking separately at gas and electrical use during the periods before and after upgrades took place. A more straightforward comparison of billing data for 12-month periods before and after the intervention was also performed, yielding the majority of the cases examined. The later approach allowed total energy use and costs to be assessed but did not account for weather variation. From this statistical analysis, 18 study participants were selected and interviewed. The participants completed an in-home interview covering a range of topics, including changes in occupancy and additional changes to the homes that may have affected energy use. The goal of the interviews was to identify factors that may have contributed to unusual energy performance. These factors were identified by their frequency of occurrence in outperforming or underperforming homes, or simply by identifying factors that had the largest impact on overall savings. The motivations and levels of satisfaction with the outcomes of the upgrades were covered in detail, as well as extensive discussions of behaviors pertaining to thermal control, lighting, water, and appliance use. Most of cases studied achieved substantial energy savings, although it was more common for the projected savings to be greater than the demonstrated savings. Two factors that played a very large role in savings variation were 1) changes in occupancy and 2) fenestration improvements outside of the incentive programs. Motivation for pursuing the upgrades (e.g., environmental sustainability vs. comfort or cost savings) did not seem to play any role in achieving savings. Participants generally were more concerned with maintaining aesthetics through lighting than comfort through heating or cooling. They also seemed more likely to turn the lights off when leaving a room than to turn the heat off when leaving the home.

Lancaster, Ross; lutzenhiser, Loren; Moezzi, Mithra; Widder, Sarah H.; Chandra, Subrato; Baechler, Michael C.

2012-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

24

Residential Retrofit Design Guide Overview | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Residential Retrofit Design Guide Overview Residential Retrofit Design Guide Overview Residential Retrofit Design Guide Overview Webinar. Res Retro Design Guide Webinar 5-3-11...

25

Closing Gaps in Modeling Multifamily Retrofits  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Building America Technical Update Meeting Denver, Colorado April 30, 2013 Jordan Dentz, The Levy Partnership., Inc. Closing Gaps in Modeling Multifamily Retrofits Advanced Residential Integrated Energy Solutions Overview * Multifamily modeling inputs (BA House Simulation Protocols) * Important multifamily measures * Other MF gaps Vital to meet 50% goals and therefore important to include in Building America's multifamily modeling capabilities Model Inputs * Heating set point * Cooling set point * Behavior assumptions 3 Heating Set Point - Central Systems * House simulation protocol assumes 71°F * Overheating is common * Approach: adjust modeled heating set point - how much? * Average heating season indoor temperature was 76°F in a sample of 18 buildings (ARIES 2013a)

26

A Methodology for Identifying Retrofit Energy Savings in Commercial Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Measured energy savings resulting from energy conservation retrofits in commercial buildings can be used to verify the success of the retrofits, determine the payment schedule for the retrofits, and guide the selection of future retrofits...

Kissock, K.; Reddy, A.; Claridge, D.

27

Exterior Insulation and Overclad Retrofits  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Exterior Insulation & Overclad Exterior Insulation & Overclad Retrofits Residential Energy Efficiency Stakeholder Meeting March 2, 2012 - Austin, TX Residential Energy Efficiency Stakeholder Meeting March 2, 2012 | Austin, TX 2  Incredible practical experience:  New construction - nearly a century  Retrofit applications - many decades Exterior Insulation Residential Energy Efficiency Stakeholder Meeting March 2, 2012 | Austin, TX 3 1980s ON - a "weird" builder Residential Energy Efficiency Stakeholder Meeting March 2, 2012 | Austin, TX 4 1990s ON - a "good" builder Residential Energy Efficiency Stakeholder Meeting March 2, 2012 | Austin, TX 5 2000s ON - a "typical" builder Residential Energy Efficiency Stakeholder Meeting March 2, 2012 | Austin, TX 6

28

Data Center Airflow Management Retrofit  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Case study bulletin describes the data center airflow management retrofit. The study includes information about how the data center energy densities (measured in power-use per square foot), increase energy savings for cooling, and how it can be realized by optimizing airflow pathways within the data center.

29

Sunnyvale Marine Climate Deep Retrofit  

SciTech Connect

The Alliance for Residential Building Innovation (ARBI) and Allen Gilliland of One Sky Homes collaborated on a marine climate retrofit project designed to meet both Passive House (PH) and Building America (BA) program standards. The scope included sealing, installing wall, roof and floor insulation (previously lacking), replacing windows, upgrading the heating and cooling system, and installing.

German, A.; Siddiqui, A.; Dakin, B.

2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Retrofit Existing Buildings | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Retrofit Existing Buildings Retrofit Existing Buildings Retrofit Existing Buildings Photo of the Denver skyline with Wells Fargo Center building in the center of the image and the Rocky Mountains in the background. Renovation, retrofit and refurbishment of existing buildings represent an opportunity to upgrade the energy performance of commercial building assets for their ongoing life. Often retrofit involves modifications to existing commercial buildings that may improve energy efficiency or decrease energy demand. In addition, retrofits are often used as opportune time to install distributed generation to a building. Energy efficiency retrofits can reduce the operational costs, particularly in older buildings, as well as help to attract tenants and gain a market edge. The Building Technologies Office provides resources that allow planners,

31

Retrofit for Plastic Resin Driers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RETROFIT FOR PLASTIC RESIN DRIERS BABU JOSEPH PH.D. Supervising Engineer Southern California Edison Company, Irwindale, California GEORGE THURO Thuro, & Associates, Costa Mesa, California Plastic resins used in injection molding have... installation of dew point meters and a programmable controller to tailor the regeneration cycle to the required dew point temperature. Background It was estimated that there are about 450 plastic processors in the Southern California Edison service...

Joseph, B.; Thuro, G.

32

Retrofit Ventilation Strategies in Multifamily Buildings Webinar...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

Retrofit of Mass Masonry Wall Assemblies Building America Technlogy Solutions for New and Existing Homes: Interior Foundation Insulation Upgrade - Madison Residence (Fact Sheet)...

33

Building Energy Model Development for Retrofit Homes  

SciTech Connect

Based on previous research conducted by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and Florida Solar Energy Center providing technical assistance to implement 22 deep energy retrofits across the nation, 6 homes were selected in Florida and Texas for detailed post-retrofit energy modeling to assess realized energy savings (Chandra et al, 2012). However, assessing realized savings can be difficult for some homes where pre-retrofit occupancy and energy performance are unknown. Initially, savings had been estimated using a HERS Index comparison for these homes. However, this does not account for confounding factors such as occupancy and weather. This research addresses a method to more reliably assess energy savings achieved in deep energy retrofits for which pre-retrofit utility bills or occupancy information in not available. A metered home, Riverdale, was selected as a test case for development of a modeling procedure to account occupancy and weather factors, potentially creating more accurate estimates of energy savings. This “true up” procedure was developed using Energy Gauge USA software and post-retrofit homeowner information and utility bills. The 12 step process adjusts the post-retrofit modeling results to correlate with post-retrofit utility bills and known occupancy information. The “trued” post retrofit model is then used to estimate pre-retrofit energy consumption by changing the building efficiency characteristics to reflect the pre-retrofit condition, but keeping all weather and occupancy-related factors the same. This creates a pre-retrofit model that is more comparable to the post-retrofit energy use profile and can improve energy savings estimates. For this test case, a home for which pre- and post- retrofit utility bills were available was selected for comparison and assessment of the accuracy of the “true up” procedure. Based on the current method, this procedure is quite time intensive. However, streamlined processing spreadsheets or incorporation into existing software tools would improve the efficiency of the process. Retrofit activity appears to be gaining market share, and this would be a potentially valuable capability with relevance to marketing, program management, and retrofit success metrics.

Chasar, David; McIlvaine, Janet; Blanchard, Jeremy; Widder, Sarah H.; Baechler, Michael C.

2012-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

34

Building Retrofits for Increased Protection Against Airborne  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Building envelope air seal air purging or building envelope airtightening. The guidance section describes each retrofit based gaseous air cleaning, ultraviolet germicidal irradiation, photocatalytic oxidative air cleaning

35

A Methodology to Measure Retrofit Energy Savings in Commercial Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Measured energy savings promote and sustain energy conservation retrofits by verifying the success of retrofits, determining pay-back schedules, guiding the selection of future retrofits and identifying opportunities for further savings...

Kissock, John Kelly

2008-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

36

SCR & DPF RETROFITS FOR MOBILE DIESEL ENGINES | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SCR & DPF RETROFITS FOR MOBILE DIESEL ENGINES SCR & DPF RETROFITS FOR MOBILE DIESEL ENGINES 2005 Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction (DEER) Conference Presentations and Posters...

37

Building America Expert Meeting Report: Interior Insulation Retrofit...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interior Insulation Retrofit of Mass Masonry Wall Assembliesessment of risk factors for premature building deterioration due to interior insulation retrofits, and methods to reduce...

38

Transportation Refrigeration Unit (TRU) Retrofit with HUSS Active...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Transportation Refrigeration Unit (TRU) Retrofit with HUSS Active Diesel Particulate Filters Transportation Refrigeration Unit (TRU) Retrofit with HUSS Active Diesel Particulate...

39

SciTech Connect: Sunnyvale Marine Climate Deep Retrofit  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

AND UTILIZATION RESIDENTIAL; RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS; ARBI; BUILDING AMERICA; MARINE CLIMATE; RETROFIT; PASSIVE HOUSE; HVAC; MONITORING; INDOOR AIR QUALITY; DEEP RETROFIT; Buildings...

40

Advanced Critical Advanced Energy Retrofit Education and Training...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Critical Advanced Energy Retrofit Education and Training and Credentialing - 2014 BTO Peer Review Advanced Critical Advanced Energy Retrofit Education and Training and...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retrofit candidate behavioral" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Retrofit Energy Savings Estimation Model Reference Manual  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Retrofit Energy Savings Estimation Model Reference Manual #12;#12;Retrofit Energy Savings commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise, does from the Department of Energy. Any conclusions or opinions expressed in this manual represent solely

42

Advanced Energy Retrofit Guides | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Retrofit Guides Retrofit Guides Advanced Energy Retrofit Guides Photo of the cover of the Advanced Energy Retrofit Guide for Healthcare Facilities. The Advanced Energy Retrofit Guides (AERGs) were created to help decision makers plan, design, and implement energy improvement projects in their facilities. With energy managers in mind, they present practical guidance for kick-starting the process and maintaining momentum throughout the project life cycle. These guides are primarily reference documents, allowing energy managers to consult the particular sections that address the most pertinent topics.. Useful resources are also cited throughout the guides for further information. Each AERG is tailored specifically to the needs of a specific building type, with an emphasis on the most effective

43

USER SATISFACTION WITH INNOVATIVE COOLING RETROFITS IN SACRAMENTO PUBLIC HOUSING  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and a housing authority have been retrofitting their buildings with evaporative coolers, ground-source heatpumps

Diamond, Richard

44

Building Technologies Office: Advanced Energy Retrofit Guides  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Retrofit Guides Retrofit Guides Photo of the cover of the Advanced Energy Retrofit Guide for Healthcare Facilities. The Advanced Energy Retrofit Guides (AERGs) help building owners and managers as well as design and construction professionals plan, design, and implement energy efficiency upgrades in commercial buildings. The Advanced Energy Retrofit Guides (AERGs) were created to help decision makers plan, design, and implement energy improvement projects in their facilities. With energy managers in mind, they present practical guidance for kick-starting the process and maintaining momentum throughout the project life cycle. These guides are primarily reference documents, allowing energy managers to consult the particular sections that address the most pertinent topics.. Useful resources are also cited throughout the guides for further information. Each AERG is tailored specifically to the needs of a specific building type, with an emphasis on the most effective retro-commissioning and retrofit measures identified by experts familiar with those unique opportunities and challenges. The guides present a broad range of proven practices that can help energy managers take specific actions at any stage of the retrofit process, resulting in energy savings for many years to come.

45

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle Retrofit Emissions  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Alternative Fuel Alternative Fuel Vehicle Retrofit Emissions Inspection Process to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle Retrofit Emissions Inspection Process on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle Retrofit Emissions Inspection Process on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle Retrofit Emissions Inspection Process on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle Retrofit Emissions Inspection Process on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle Retrofit Emissions Inspection Process on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Vehicle Retrofit Emissions Inspection Process on AddThis.com...

46

Retrofitting Doors on Open Refrigerated Cases  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Retrofitting Doors on Open Retrofitting Doors on Open Refrigerated Cases William Goetzler Navigant Consulting, Inc. wgoetzler@navigant.com (781) 270-8351 April 4, 2013 BBA Refrigeration Project Team Images courtesy of REMIS AMERICA, LLC. 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Technology Overview Image from Investigation of Energy- Efficient Supermarket Display Cases. 2004, Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Background and Motivation * Adding doors to open cases (retrofits) greatly reduces cold air loss - 50-80% load reduction - Load reduction = system energy savings

47

Residential Retrofit Program Design Guide  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Technical Assistance Program Technical Assistance Program Residential Retrofit Program Design Guide May 2011 This work has been performed by the Vermont Energy Investment Corporation (VEIC) and Energy Futures Group (EFG), under the Contract No. 4200000341 with Oak Ridge National Laboratory which is managed by UT-Battelle, LLC under Contract with the US Department of Energy No. DE-AC05-00OR22725. This document was prepared in collaboration with a partnership of companies under this contract. The partnership is led by the Vermont Energy Investment Corporation (VEIC), and includes the following companies: American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy (ACEEE), Energy Futures Group (EFG), Midwest Energy Efficiency Alliance (MEEA), Northwest Energy Efficiency Alliance (NEEA), Northeast Energy Efficiency Partnership (NEEP), Natural

48

Retrofitting the Streetlights in Boise, Idaho  

ScienceCinema (OSTI)

Boise, Idaho is using an energy efficiency grant to retrofit hundreds of streetlights throughout the downtown area with energy-efficient LED bulbs, which will save money and improve safety and local quality of life.

Young, Clay; Oliver, LeAnn; Bieter, David; Johnson, Michael; Oldemeyer, Neal

2013-05-29T23:59:59.000Z

49

EECBG Success Story: Lighting Retrofit Improving Visibility,...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Retrofit Improving Visibility, Saving Energy August 27, 2010 - 10:05am Addthis New LED lighting fixtures (right) emit a whiter light than existing high-pressure sodium cobra...

50

Retrofitting the Streetlights in Boise, Idaho  

SciTech Connect

Boise, Idaho is using an energy efficiency grant to retrofit hundreds of streetlights throughout the downtown area with energy-efficient LED bulbs, which will save money and improve safety and local quality of life.

Young, Clay; Oliver, LeAnn; Bieter, David; Johnson, Michael; Oldemeyer, Neal

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Energy Efficient Retrofits and Green Building Practices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Moreover, the increase in demand is also causing rise in pollution levels. Therefore, the subject of energy efficient retrofits and green building practices is becoming increasingly important. Based on the latest walkthrough energy audit it is proven...

Rahman, M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Making your Building Smarter : The Retrofit Challenge  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wireless Temp Sensors IBM Dublin Research Labs : Smart Buildings Living Lab Environment Background ? 2012 IBM Corporation IBM Dublin Research Labs Our Smart Building Retrofit Challenges Retrofit Challenges Summary 1. Smart Building Design 2... Comfortable environment ?Reduce Energy/Water usage environment ?Keep within Budget ?Biggest Challenge ?? Constantly competing (& changing) objectives within the design and build cycles What to include ? What is critical? Where to Invest ? 5 ? 2012...

Brady, N.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Evaluation of passive solar retrofit options  

SciTech Connect

An evaluation framework has been developed which allows for the assessment of the role of passive solar retrofit in the nationwide reduction of conventional fuel use. Three types of analysis are proposed within this framework: the physical/technical capability of the present housing stock to incorporate passive solar retrofit; the economic feasibility of the application of retrofit designs; and the actual market potential or acceptance of these alternative retrofit options. Each type of analysis has specific data requirements and a series of evaluation procedures to help establish estimates of the potential for passive solar retrofit in the present housing stock. The data requirements with their respective sources and evaluation procedures for the first two types of analysis-physical/technical setting and economic feasibility, are examined. A distinction is drawn between community specific case studies and more generalized national assessments. Information derived from these three types of analysis, whether case specific or national in scope, can then be used in an evaluation of potential economic impacts. The establishment of regional economic benefits and costs werve as a measure of the merit or attractiveness of the implementation of a passive solar retrofit program.

Ben-David, S.; Kirchemen, C.; Martin, S.; Noll, S.; Roach, F.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Ready to Retrofit: The Process of Project Team Selection, Building  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ready to Retrofit: The Process of Project Team Selection, Building Ready to Retrofit: The Process of Project Team Selection, Building Benchmarking, and Financing Commercial Building Energy Retrofit Projects Title Ready to Retrofit: The Process of Project Team Selection, Building Benchmarking, and Financing Commercial Building Energy Retrofit Projects Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-5893E Year of Publication 2012 Authors Sanders, Mark D., Kristen Parrish, and Paul A. Mathew Publisher LBNL Abstract This guide provides an introduction and overview to the retrofit process and then dives deeper into the key activities that an owner can influence most in the retrofit process: (1) Selecting Your Project Team, (2) Benchmarking Your Building, and (3) Financing Your Energy Efficiency Projects* Building Energy Retrofit Overview will provide you a simple explanation of the retrofit process, the project stages and the players involved.

55

Alternative Fuels Data Center: School Bus Retrofit Reimbursement  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

School Bus Retrofit School Bus Retrofit Reimbursement to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: School Bus Retrofit Reimbursement on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: School Bus Retrofit Reimbursement on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: School Bus Retrofit Reimbursement on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: School Bus Retrofit Reimbursement on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: School Bus Retrofit Reimbursement on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: School Bus Retrofit Reimbursement on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type School Bus Retrofit Reimbursement The Illinois Department of Education will reimburse any qualifying school

56

Alternative Fuels Data Center: School Bus Retrofit Grant Program  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

School Bus Retrofit School Bus Retrofit Grant Program to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: School Bus Retrofit Grant Program on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: School Bus Retrofit Grant Program on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: School Bus Retrofit Grant Program on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: School Bus Retrofit Grant Program on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: School Bus Retrofit Grant Program on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: School Bus Retrofit Grant Program on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type School Bus Retrofit Grant Program The Ohio Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) administers the Clean Diesel

57

Alternative Fuels Data Center: School Bus Retrofit Program  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Retrofit Retrofit Program to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: School Bus Retrofit Program on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: School Bus Retrofit Program on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: School Bus Retrofit Program on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: School Bus Retrofit Program on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: School Bus Retrofit Program on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: School Bus Retrofit Program on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type School Bus Retrofit Program The goals of the Connecticut Clean School Bus Program are to: 1) establish grants for municipalities and local and regional school boards to reimburse

58

Industrial HVAC Air-to-Air Energy Recovery Retrofit Economics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Retrofitting air-to-air energy recovery equipment is relatively simply to design and easy to install. Additionally, HVAC energy recovery is almost risk free when compared to process retrofit. Life cycle cost analysis is the best way to illustrate...

Graham, E. L.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Clean Diesel Retrofit and Idle Reduction  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Clean Diesel Retrofit Clean Diesel Retrofit and Idle Reduction Grants to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Clean Diesel Retrofit and Idle Reduction Grants on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Clean Diesel Retrofit and Idle Reduction Grants on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Clean Diesel Retrofit and Idle Reduction Grants on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Clean Diesel Retrofit and Idle Reduction Grants on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Clean Diesel Retrofit and Idle Reduction Grants on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Clean Diesel Retrofit and Idle Reduction Grants on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

60

Financing Residential Retrofits | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Financing Residential Retrofits Financing Residential Retrofits Financing Residential Retrofits June 25, 2010 - 3:32pm Addthis Rancho Cucamonga, east of Los Angeles, received a $1.6 million Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block grant from the U.S. Department of Energy last year, using money authorized by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. Among the city's many uses of the Recovery Act funds are two different programs intended to encourage more energy efficient homes. One, the Home Improvement Loan Program, targets low-income residents who'd like to make major repairs or improvements in their homes. The other is the Energy Efficiency Reimbursement Program, open to any city resident who purchases and installs an energy efficient appliance. "I think we wanted to have the biggest impact we could and assist the

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retrofit candidate behavioral" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Financing Residential Retrofits | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Financing Residential Retrofits Financing Residential Retrofits Financing Residential Retrofits June 25, 2010 - 3:32pm Addthis Rancho Cucamonga, east of Los Angeles, received a $1.6 million Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block grant from the U.S. Department of Energy last year, using money authorized by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. Among the city's many uses of the Recovery Act funds are two different programs intended to encourage more energy efficient homes. One, the Home Improvement Loan Program, targets low-income residents who'd like to make major repairs or improvements in their homes. The other is the Energy Efficiency Reimbursement Program, open to any city resident who purchases and installs an energy efficient appliance. "I think we wanted to have the biggest impact we could and assist the

62

Greenbuilt Retrofit Test House Final Report  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Greenbuilt Retrofit Test House Greenbuilt Retrofit Test House Final Report B. Sparn, K. Hudon, L. Earle, C. Booten, and P. C. Tabares-Velasco National Renewable Energy Laboratory G. Barker and C. E. Hancock Mountain Energy Partnership Technical Report NREL/TP-5500-54009 October 2012 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, operated by the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC. National Renewable Energy Laboratory 15013 Denver West Parkway Golden, Colorado 80401 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308 Greenbuilt Retrofit Test House Final Report B. Sparn, K. Hudon, L. Earle, C. Booten, and P. C. Tabares-Velasco National Renewable Energy Laboratory G. Barker and C. E. Hancock

63

Retrofit Legislation at the Urban Level  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Retrofit Legislation at the Urban Level Retrofit Legislation at the Urban Level In March, the city of Berkeley, California, passed new legislation that should serve as a model for local policies intended to keep energy dollars within the community while protecting the environment. The Commercial Energy Conservation Ordinance (CECO) is based on a similar ordinance that has been law since 1989 in San Francisco, Berkeley's neighbor across the Bay. San Francisco is currently the only other city in the world to have this type of legislation. As part of the Berkeley Municipal Code, CECO requires commercial buildings to undergo energy conservation retrofits when they are sold or substantially renovated. CECO was designed with the participation of LBL's Kristin Heinemeier, who also works with the Berkeley

64

DOE Webinar ? Residential Geothermal Heat Pump Retrofits (Presentation)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

DOE webinar, Residential Geothermal Heat Pump Retrofits presented at the DOE EERE Webinar Series on Dec. 14, 2010.

65

Financing Energy Efficiency Retrofits in the Commercial Sector Webinar  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Financing Energy Efficiency Retrofits in the Commercial Sector Webinar, from the U.S. Department of Energy's Better Buildings program.

66

Advanced Energy Retrofit Guide Retail Buildings  

SciTech Connect

The Advanced Energy Retrofit Guide for Retail Buildings is a component of the Department of Energy’s Advanced Energy Retrofit Guides for Existing Buildings series. The aim of the guides is to facilitate a rapid escalation in the number of energy efficiency projects in existing buildings and to enhance the quality and depth of those projects. By presenting general project planning guidance as well as financial payback metrics for the most common energy efficiency measures, these guides provide a practical roadmap to effectively planning and implementing performance improvements for existing buildings.

Liu, Guopeng; Liu, Bing; Zhang, Jian; Wang, Weimin; Athalye, Rahul A.; Moser, Dave; Crowe, Eliot; Bengtson, Nick; Effinger, Mark; Webster, Lia; Hatten, Mike

2011-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

67

Retrofitting sacrificial anodes in the Arabian Gulf  

SciTech Connect

Cathodic protection (CP) systems of 15 fixed offshore platforms were analyzed. These steel template structures, off the coast of the United Arab Emirates, are in water depths between 125 and 185 ft (115 and 170 m). A systematic survey program exists to monitor the CP systems including assessment of sacrificial anode depletion, and measurement of anode and platform potentials. These data are used to design new anode retrofits for older structures to extend CP system life. An analysis of field survey measurements, the method used to evaluate new anode needs, and locations for retrofit anodes are described.

Kiefer, J.H.; Thomason, W.H.; Alansari, N.G.

1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Occupant-in-Place Energy Efficiency Retrofit in a Group Home for 30% Energy Savings in Climate Zone 4  

SciTech Connect

Energy efficiency retrofits (EERs) face many challenges on the path to scalability. Limited budgets, cost effectiveness, risk factors, and accessibility impact the type and the extent of measures that can be implemented feasibly to achieve energy savings goals. Group home retrofits can face additional challenges than those in single family homes - such as reduced access (occupant-in-place restrictions) and lack of incentives for occupant behavioral change. This project studies the specification, implementation, and energy savings from an EER in a group home, with an energy savings goal of 30%. This short term test report chronicles the retrofit measures specified, their projected cost-effectiveness using building energy simulations, and the short term test results that were used to characterize pre-retrofit and post-retrofit conditions. Additionally, the final report for the project will include analysis of pre- and post-retrofit performance data on whole building energy use, and an assessment of the energy impact of occupant interface with the building (i.e., window operation). Ultimately, the study's results will be used to identify cost effective EER measures that can be implemented in group homes, given constraints that are characteristic of these buildings. Results will also point towards opportunities for future energy savings.

Moore, M.

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Puget Sound Energy - Commercial Retrofit Energy Efficiency Grant Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Puget Sound Energy - Commercial Retrofit Energy Efficiency Grant Puget Sound Energy - Commercial Retrofit Energy Efficiency Grant Program Puget Sound Energy - Commercial Retrofit Energy Efficiency Grant Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Local Government Nonprofit State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Design & Remodeling Manufacturing Other Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Program Info State District of Columbia Program Type Utility Grant Program Rebate Amount Up to 70% of installed cost of qualifying retrofit projects or up to 50% of qualifying lighting upgrades. Provider Puget Sound Energy PSE can provide a custom retrofit grant for any energy-efficiency project

70

Evaluation of Crawlspace Retrofits in Multifamily Buildings  

SciTech Connect

In 2011 and early 2012, Building Science Corporation (BSC) collaborated with Innova Services Corporation on a multifamily community unvented crawlspace retrofit project at Oakwood Gardens in Lansdale, Pennsylvania. BSC provided design consulting services and pre- and post-retrofit evaluation, testing, and data monitoring. The existing condition was a vented crawlspace with an uninsulated floor between the crawlspace and the dwelling units above. The crawlspace was therefore a critically weak link in the building enclosure and was ripe for improvement. Saving energy was the primary interest and goal, but the greatest challenge in this unvented crawlspace retrofit project was working through a crawlspace bulk water intrusion problem caused by inadequate site drainage, window well drainage, foundation wall drainage, and a rising water table during rainy periods. While the unvented crawlspace retrofit was effective in reducing heat loss, and the majority of the bulk water drainage problems had been resolved, the important finding was that some of the wood joists embedded in masonry pockets behind the brick veneer were showing signs of moisture damage.

Rudd, A.

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Phillip Burton Federal Building EMCS Retrofit Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Renewable Energy, Office of Building Technology and Community Systems, and the Federal Energy ManagementPhillip Burton Federal Building EMCS Retrofit Analysis Interim Report March 1999 Rick Diamond, Tim This report presents the interim results of analyses carried out in the Phillip Burton Federal Building in San

Diamond, Richard

72

National Grid Deep Energy Retrofit Pilot  

SciTech Connect

Through discussion of five case studies (test homes), this project evaluates strategies to elevate the performance of existing homes to a level commensurate with best-in-class implementation of high-performance new construction homes. The test homes featured in this research activity participated in Deep Energy Retrofit (DER) Pilot Program sponsored by the electric and gas utility National Grid in Massachusetts and Rhode Island. Building enclosure retrofit strategies are evaluated for impact on durability and indoor air quality in addition to energy performance. Evaluation of strategies is structured around the critical control functions of water, airflow, vapor flow, and thermal control. The aim of the research project is to develop guidance that could serve as a foundation for wider adoption of high performance, 'deep' retrofit work. The project will identify risk factors endemic to advanced retrofit in the context of the general building type, configuration and vintage encountered in the National Grid DER Pilot. Results for the test homes are based on observation and performance testing of recently completed projects. Additional observation would be needed to fully gauge long-term energy performance, durability, and occupant comfort.

Neuhauser, K.

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Deep Energy Retrofits: A Southwestern Case Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to a carbon-neutral environment, but we can remodel our way there. Over the course of seven years, green-buildingDeep Energy Retrofits: A Southwestern Case Study Heading Toward Net Zero Thursday, December 2, 2010 ASU Project Manager, Energize Phoenix Greg L. Brown Principal, Ecosense, LLC We cannot build our way

Zhang, Junshan

74

Greenbuilt Retrofit Test House Final Report  

SciTech Connect

The Greenbuilt house, is an all-electric, 1980's era home in the eastern Sacramento suburb of Fair Oaks that was retrofit by Greenbuilt Construction as part of Sacramento Municipal Utility District's (SMUD) Energy Efficient Remodel Demonstration (EERD) Program. The project was a joint effort between the design-build team at Greenbuilt Construction, led by Jim Bayless, SMUD and their project manager Mike Keesee, and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). The goal of the Energy Efficient Remodel Demonstration program is to work with local builders to renovate homes with cost-effective energy efficient retrofit measures. The homes remodeled under the EERD program are intended to showcase energy efficient retrofit options for homeowners and other builders. The Greenbuilt house is one of five EERD projects that NREL has supported. NREL's main role in these projects is to provide energy analysis and to monitor the home's performance after the retrofit to verify that the energy consumption is in line with the modeling predictions. NREL also performed detailed monitoring on the more innovative equipment included in these remodels, such as an add-on heat pump water heater.

Sparn, B.; Hudon, K.; Earle, L.; Booten, C.; Tabares-Velasco, P. C.; Barker, G.; Hancock, C. E.

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Best practices guide for residential HVAC Retrofits  

SciTech Connect

This best practices guide for residential HVAC system retrofits is aimed at contractors who want guidance on delivering energy efficient, cost effective and innovative products. It has been developed around the idea of having packages of changes to the building HVAC system and building envelope that are climate and house construction dependent. These packages include materials, procedures and equipment and are designed to remove some of the guesswork from a builder, contractor, installer or homeowner decisions about how best to carry out HVAC changes. The packages are not meant to be taken as rigid requirements--instead they are systems engineered guidelines that form the basis for energy efficient retrofits. Similar approaches have been taken previously for new construction to develop extremely energy efficient homes that are comfortable safe and durable, and often cost less than standard construction. This is best epitomized by the Building America program whose partners have built thousands of residences throughout the U.S. using these principles. The differences between retrofitting and new construction tend to limit the changes one can make to a building, so these packages rely on relatively simple and non-intrusive technologies and techniques. The retrofits also focus on changes to a building that will give many years of service to the occupants. Another key aspect of these best practices is that we need to know how a house is working so that we know what parts have the potential for improvement. To do this we have put together a set of diagnostic tools that combine physical measurements and checklists/questionnaires. The measured test results, observations and homeowner answers to questions are used to direct us towards the best retrofits applicable to each individual house. The retrofits will depend on the current condition of the building envelope and HVAC system, the local climate, the construction methods used for the house, and the presence of various energy saving systems (e.g., a Heat Recovery Ventilator) and/or materials. This is just like a doctor referring a patient for blood tests or x-rays before actually performing surgery. This way the doctor can be sure that he does the right thing. To take this analogy further--we can borrow from the medical profession and say that the first thought when retrofitting a house is to do no harm, i.e., do not make changes that could make the house worse to live in.

Walker, Iain S.

2003-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

76

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Diesel Vehicle Retrofit and Improvement  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Diesel Vehicle Diesel Vehicle Retrofit and Improvement Grants to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Diesel Vehicle Retrofit and Improvement Grants on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Diesel Vehicle Retrofit and Improvement Grants on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Diesel Vehicle Retrofit and Improvement Grants on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Diesel Vehicle Retrofit and Improvement Grants on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Diesel Vehicle Retrofit and Improvement Grants on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Diesel Vehicle Retrofit and Improvement Grants on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

77

Retrofit Energy Savings Estimation Model | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Retrofit Energy Savings Estimation Model Retrofit Energy Savings Estimation Model Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Retrofit Energy Savings Estimation Model Agency/Company /Organization: Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Sector: Energy Focus Area: Buildings Topics: Resource assessment Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Desktop Application Website: btech.lbl.gov/tools/resem/resem.htm Cost: Free Language: English References: Retrofit Energy Savings Estimation Model[1] Logo: Retrofit Energy Savings Estimation Model RESEM, the Retrofit Energy Savings Estimation Model, is a PC-based tool designed to allow Department of Energy (DOE) Institutional Conservation Program (ICP) staff and participants to reliably determine the energy savings directly caused by ICP-supported retrofit measures implemented in a

78

Solid-State Lighting: Retrofit Financial Analysis Tool  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Market-Based Programs Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Solid-State Lighting: Retrofit Financial Analysis Tool to someone by E-mail Share Solid-State Lighting: Retrofit Financial Analysis Tool on Facebook Tweet about Solid-State Lighting: Retrofit Financial Analysis Tool on Twitter Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Retrofit Financial Analysis Tool on Google Bookmark Solid-State Lighting: Retrofit Financial Analysis Tool on Delicious Rank Solid-State Lighting: Retrofit Financial Analysis Tool on Digg Find More places to share Solid-State Lighting: Retrofit Financial Analysis Tool on AddThis.com... LED Lighting Facts CALiPER Program Standards Development Technical Information Network Gateway Demonstrations Municipal Consortium About the Consortium FAQs

79

Cascade Apartments: Deep Energy Multifamily Retrofit  

SciTech Connect

In December of 2009-10, King County Housing Authority (KCHA) implemented energy retrofit improvements in the Cascade multifamily community, located in Kent, Washington (marine climate.)This research effort involved significant coordination from stakeholders KCHA, WA State Department of Commerce, utility Puget Sound Energy, and Cascade tenants. This report focuses on the following three primary BA research questions : 1. What are the modeled energy savings using DOE low income weatherization approved TREAT software? 2. How did the modeled energy savings compare with measured energy savings from aggregate utility billing analysis? 3. What is the Savings to Investment Ratio (SIR) of the retrofit package after considering utility window incentives and KCHA capitol improvement funding.

Gordon, A.; Mattheis, L.; Kunkle, R.; Howard, L.; Lubliner, M.

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Retrofit California Overview and Final Reports  

SciTech Connect

Energy efficiency retrofits (also called upgrades) are widely recognized as a critical component to achieving energy savings in the building sector to help lower greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. To date, however, upgrades have accounted for only a small percentage of aggregate energy savings in building stock, both in California and nationally. Although the measures and technologies to retrofit a building to become energy efficient are readily deployed, establishing this model as a standard practice remains elusive. Retrofit California sought to develop and test new program models to increase participation in the energy upgrade market in California. The Program encompassed 24 pilot projects, conducted between 2010 and mid-2013 and funded through a $30 million American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) grant from the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Better Buildings Neighborhood Program (BBNP). The broad scope of the Program can be seen in the involvement of the following regionally based Grant Partners: Los Angeles County (as prime grantee); Association of Bay Area Governments (ABAG), consisting of: o StopWaste.org for Alameda County o Regional Climate Protection Authority (RCPA) for Sonoma County o SF Environment for the City and County of San Francisco o City of San Jose; California Center for Sustainable Energy (CCSE) for the San Diego region; Sacramento Municipal Utilities District (SMUD). Within these jurisdictions, nine different types of pilots were tested with the common goal of identifying, informing, and educating the people most likely to undertake energy upgrades (both homeowners and contractors), and to provide them with incentives and resources to facilitate the process. Despite its limited duration, Retrofit California undoubtedly succeeded in increasing awareness and education among home and property owners, as well as contractors, realtors, and community leaders. However, program results indicate that a longer timeframe will be needed to transform the market and establish energy retrofits as the new paradigm. Innovations such as Flex Path, which came about because of barriers encountered during the Program, have already shown promise and are enabling increased participation. Together, the pilots represent an unprecedented effort to identify and address market barriers to energy efficiency upgrades and to provide lessons learned to shape future program planning and implementation. The statistics reflects the scope of the marketing and outreach campaigns, which tested a variety of approaches to increase understanding of the benefits of energy upgrades to drive participation in the Program. More traditional methods such as TV and radio advertisements were complimented by innovative community based social marketing campaigns that sought to leverage the trusted status of neighborhood organizations and leaders in order to motivate their constituents to undertake retrofits. The remainder of this report provides an overview of Retrofit California including brief summaries of the pilots’ main components and highlights, followed by the major findings or takeaway lessons from the approaches that were tested. Eleven of the pilots will be continued, with modifications, under the ratepayer-funded Regional Energy Networks. Involvement in the RENS by many of the Retrofit California partners will ensure that early lessons learned are carried forward to guide future programs for energy upgrades in California.

Choy, Howard; Rosales, Ana

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retrofit candidate behavioral" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Comparison of Home Retrofit Programs in Wisconsin  

SciTech Connect

To explore ways to reduce customer barriers and increase home retrofit completions, several different existing home retrofit models have been implemented in the state of Wisconsin. This study compared these programs' performance in terms of savings per home and program cost per home to assess the relative cost-effectiveness of each program design. However, given the many variations in these different programs, it is difficult to establish a fair comparison based on only a small number of metrics. Therefore, the overall purpose of the study is to document these programs' performance in a case study approach to look at general patterns of these metrics and other variables within the context of each program. This information can be used by energy efficiency program administrators and implementers to inform home retrofit program design. Six different program designs offered in Wisconsin for single-family energy efficiency improvements were included in the study. For each program, the research team provided information about the programs' approach and goals, characteristics, achievements and performance. The program models were then compared with performance results -- program cost and energy savings -- to help understand the overall strengths and weaknesses or challenges of each model.

Cunningham, K.; Hannigan, E.

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Residential Retrofits in the Southeast: A Performance Update  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Residential Retrofits in Residential Retrofits in the Southeast: A Performance Update Roderick K. Jackson Ph.D Oak Ridge National Laboratory for Building America Stakeholder Meeting 3/1/2012 2 Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy Project Goals 1. Can we retrofit existing homes to achieve energy savings of more than 30% 2. Can we cost effectively retrofit existing homes to achieve energy savings of more than 30% 3. Will homeowners pay for retrofits that achieve energy savings of more than 30% 4. Will reality (i.e. utility bills) match the projected energy savings * In the event any of the answers to questions 1-4 is NO, what are obstacles to YES 3 Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy Project Overview Nine homes received retrofits with projected source energy

83

Building Media, Inc. (Du Pont) (Building America Retrofit Alliance) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Media, Inc. (Du Pont) (Building America Retrofit Alliance) Media, Inc. (Du Pont) (Building America Retrofit Alliance) Jump to: navigation, search Name Building Media, Inc. (Du Pont) (Building America Retrofit Alliance) Place Wilmington, DE Website http://www.prweb.com/releases/ References Building America Retrofit Alliance Press Release[1] BMI Website[2] DuPont Website[3] Information About Partnership with NREL Partnership with NREL Yes Partnership Type Incubator Partnering Center within NREL Electricity Resources & Building Systems Integration LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! Building Media, Inc. (Du Pont) (Building America Retrofit Alliance) is a company located in Wilmington, DE. References ↑ "Building America Retrofit Alliance Press Release" ↑ "BMI Website"

84

Building Technologies Office: Renovate and Retrofit Commercial Buildings  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Renovate and Retrofit Commercial Buildings for Energy Efficiency Renovate and Retrofit Commercial Buildings for Energy Efficiency Photo of the Denver skyline with Wells Fargo Center building in the center of the image and the Rocky Mountains in the background. A local law firm upgraded one floor of their offices in the Wells Fargo Center (center) in Denver as part of Commercial Building Partnerships. Renovation, retrofit and refurbishment of existing buildings represent an opportunity to upgrade the energy performance of commercial building assets for their ongoing life. Often retrofit involves modifications to existing commercial buildings that may improve energy efficiency or decrease energy demand. In addition, retrofits are often used as opportune time to install distributed generation to a building. Energy efficiency retrofits can reduce the operational costs, particularly in older buildings, as well as help to attract tenants and gain a market edge.

85

Fluidized-bed retrofit a practical alternative to FGD  

SciTech Connect

A comparison is made between the costs of flue-gas desulphurization retrofit to a 112 MW pf-fired boiler, fluidized-bed combustion retrofit to the boiler, and a new fluidized-bed boiler. Breakdowns are given for capital costs, operating and maintenance costs and the busbar cost of energy for a 20 year unit life. The analysis shows that fbc is a viable option for the retrofit of many existing boilers from both a technical and economic viewpoint.

Stringfellow, T.E.

1984-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

City of Los Angeles - Green Building Retrofit Requirement | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Green Building Retrofit Requirement Green Building Retrofit Requirement City of Los Angeles - Green Building Retrofit Requirement < Back Eligibility Local Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Design & Remodeling Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Insulation Manufacturing Buying & Making Electricity Solar Water Heating Program Info State California Program Type Energy Standards for Public Buildings Provider Los Angeles Department of Water and Power In April 2009, Los Angeles enacted [clkrep.lacity.org/onlinedocs/2006/06-1963_ord_180633.pdf Ordinance 180636], known as the Green Building Retrofit Ordinance. This ordinance was later amended by Ordinance 182259. The law requires all city-owned

87

Group Home Energy Efficiency Retrofit for 30% Energy Savings...  

Energy Savers (EERE)

measures identi- fied and targeted prior to the retrofit. A lesson learned was that scheduling air sealing measures (and other measures expected to have a high return on...

88

SCRT Technology for Retrofit of Heavy-Duty Diesel Applications...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

of the Four-Way Emission Control SCRTTM System Application Experience with a Combined SCR and DPF Technology for Heavy Duty Diesel Retrofit Effects of Catalysts on Emissions...

89

Retrofit of the Local 150 of International Union of Operating...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

the building-earth interaction. Demonstrate an economical and repeatable approach to district, hybrid retrofit GHP systems. gshpcheifetzretrofitlocal150.pdf More Documents &...

90

Cedarville School District Retrofit of Heating and Cooling Systems...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Last modified on July 22, 2011. Project Title Cedarville School District Retrofit of Heating and Cooling Systems with Geothermal Heat Pumps and Ground Source Water Loops Project...

91

BetterBuildings Financing Energy Efficiency Retrofits in the...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

- Financing Energy Efficient Retrofits in the Commercial Sector Webinar (text version) Primer on Clean Energy Lending: The Major Components and Options Financial Vehicles within an...

92

Retrofit Analysis of HVAC Systems Using Artificial Neural Networks.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis aims to explore the benefits of retrofits applied to the compressor and burner in the AC and furnace respectively and how best to… (more)

Anand, Anish

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Residential photovoltaic worth : an assessment of retrofit vs. new construction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper characterizes the basic differences between photovoltaic retrofit and new construction applications. It quantifies the tradeoffs forced by rooftop area constraints, special array mounting costs, maintenance ...

Dinwoodie, Thomas L.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

NREL Job Task Analysis: Retrofit Installer Technician | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

51671.pdf More Documents & Publications NREL Job Task Analysis: Retrofit Installer Technician (Revised) NREL Job Task Analysis: Energy Auditor trainingselfassessment.xlsx...

95

NREL Job Task Analysis: Retrofit Installer Technician (Revised...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

installerjta04112012.pdf More Documents & Publications NREL Job Task Analysis: Retrofit Installer Technician NREL Job Task Analysis: Energy Auditor trainingselfassessment.xlsx...

96

Building America Webinar: Introduction- Who's Successfully Doing Deep Energy Retrofits?  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This presentation provides the introduction for the Building America webinar, Who's Successfully Doing Deep Energy Retrofits, presented on June 25, 2014.

97

Building America Webinar: Deep Energy Retrofit Case Studies: Lessons Learned  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This presentation by Alea German is included in the Building America webinar, Who's Successfully Doing Deep Energy Retrofits?, on June 25, 2014.

98

Building America Webinar: Results from Phased Deep Retrofits in Florida  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This presentation by Danny Parker is included in the Building America webinar, Who's Successfully Doing Deep Energy Retrofits?, on June 25, 2014.

99

Actual and Estimated Energy Savings Comparison for Deep Energy Retrofits in the Pacific Northwest  

SciTech Connect

Seven homes from the Pacific Northwest were selected to evaluate the differences between estimated and actual energy savings achieved from deep energy retrofits. The energy savings resulting from these retrofits were estimated, using energy modeling software, to save at least 30% on a whole-house basis. The modeled pre-retrofit energy use was trued against monthly utility bills. After the retrofits were completed, each of the homes was extensively monitored, with the exception of one home which was monitored pre-retrofit. This work is being conducted by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) for the U.S. Department of Energy Building Technologies Program as part of the Building America Program. This work found many discrepancies between actual and estimated energy savings and identified the potential causes for the discrepancies. The differences between actual energy use and modeled energy use also suggest improvements to improve model accuracy. The difference between monthly whole-house actual and estimated energy savings ranged from 75% more energy saved than predicted by the model to 16% less energy saved for all the monitored homes. Similarly, the annual energy savings difference was between 36% and -14%, which was estimated based on existing monitored savings because an entire year of data is not available. Thus, on average, for all six monitored homes the actual energy use is consistently less than estimates, indicating home owners are saving more energy than estimated. The average estimated savings for the eight month monitoring period is 43%, compared to an estimated savings average of 31%. Though this average difference is only 12%, the range of inaccuracies found for specific end-uses is far greater and are the values used to directly estimate energy savings from specific retrofits. Specifically, the monthly post-retrofit energy use differences for specific end-uses (i.e., heating, cooling, hot water, appliances, etc.) ranged from 131% under-predicted to 77% over-predicted by the model with respect to monitored energy use. Many of the discrepancies were associated with occupant behavior which influences energy use, dramatically in some cases, actual versus modeled weather differences, modeling input limitations, and complex homes that are difficult to model. The discrepancy between actual and estimated energy use indicates a need for better modeling tools and assumptions. Despite the best efforts of researchers, the estimated energy savings are too inaccurate to determine reliable paybacks for retrofit projects. While the monitored data allows researchers to understand why these differences exist, it is not cost effective to monitor each home with the level of detail presented here. Therefore an appropriate balance between modeling and monitoring must be determined for more widespread application in retrofit programs and the home performance industry. Recommendations to address these deficiencies include: (1) improved tuning process for pre-retrofit energy use, which currently utilized broad-based monthly utility bills; (2) developing simple occupant-based energy models that better address the many different occupant types and their impact on energy use; (3) incorporating actual weather inputs to increase accuracy of the tuning process, which uses utility bills from specific time period; and (4) developing simple, cost-effective monitoring solutions for improved model tuning.

Blanchard, Jeremy; Widder, Sarah H.; Giever, Elisabeth L.; Baechler, Michael C.

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

RETROFIT RAMP-UP SELECTED PROJECTS* Austin, Texas ($10 Million): The Austin Climate Protection Retrofit Program will accelerate  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

RETROFIT RAMP-UP SELECTED PROJECTS* RETROFIT RAMP-UP SELECTED PROJECTS* Austin, Texas ($10 Million): The Austin Climate Protection Retrofit Program will accelerate energy and water efficiency and integrated renewable energy improvements in private and commercial properties in the City of Austin and Austin Energy's service territory. The project will focus on alternative financing options for property owners, including new financing mechanisms, interest rate buy downs, and on-bill repayment. Boulder County, Colorado ($25 Million): Boulder County is partnering with the city of Denver, Garfield County, the Governor's Energy Office, Xcel Energy and others to launch the Colorado Retrofit Ramp-Up Program that will stimulate economic growth and investment in

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retrofit candidate behavioral" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Retrofitting the domestic built environment: investigating household perspectives towards energy efficiency technologies and behaviour.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Retrofitting the UK domestic built environment presents an excellent opportunity to improve its energy performance. However, retrofitting homes is a complex challenge conflated by multiple… (more)

Pelenur, Marcos

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Retrofit energy studies of a recreation center  

SciTech Connect

Retrofit energy options for the Student Recreation Center at the University of Colorado have been evaluated using the DOE-2.1b simulation program. This building has two major systems that are not included in the program - an ice rink and a swimming pool. The approach used to model these systems and the use of the program for other applications not included in the program, such as duty cycling and night cycling of fans for freeze protection, are emphasized. Measures that help streamline the usage of the program on a minicomputer are also discussed.

Haberl, J.S.; Claridge, D.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Trial Demonstration of Area Lighting Retrofit  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

LED Area Lighting Retrofit: Yuma Border Patrol Along the Yuma Sector Border Patrol Area in Yuma, Arizona, the GATEWAY program conducted a trial demonstration in which the incumbent quartz metal halide area lighting was replaced with LED at three pole locations. The LED system was found to equal or better the incumbent system in terms of both illuminance and uniformity, and an advanced optical system and lower pole height improved the illuminance uniformity, reduced stray light, and increased projected energy and maintenance cost savings. This high luminous flux and high temperature application is not unique and similar applications can benefit from the findings of this installation.

104

Measure Guideline: Hybrid Foundation Insulation Retrofits  

SciTech Connect

This measure guideline provides recommendations for designs and variations for retrofit hybrid assemblies in improving interior foundation insulation and water management of basements. Variations include closed cell spray foam (ccSPF) with membrane waterproofing or air gap membrane drainage layers, rigid board foam insulation at flat walls (cast concrete or CMU block), a 'partial drainage' detail making use of the bulk water drainage that occurs through the field of a rubble stone wall, and non-drained spray foam assemblies (including slab insulation).

Ueno, K.; Lstiburek, J.

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Cathodic protection retrofit of an offshore pipeline  

SciTech Connect

The cathodic protection anodes and corrosion coating on two 8-inch (203.2 mm) outside diameter (O.D.) offshore pipelines were damaged during deep water ({minus}380 feet, {minus}116 m) installation. In-situ methods for deep water inspection and repair of the pipelines` cathodic protection and coating systems were developed and performed. Methods are described in which underwater anode retrofits were performed and friction welding technology was used to re-attach anode leads. Standard procedures for underwater pipeline coating repair and remediation of damaged line pipe are provided.

Winters, R.H.; Holk, A.C. [Tenneco Energy, Houston, TX (United States)

1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

Nevada: Vegas Retrofits through Building America Enhance Home Performance  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

The EERE report Retrofitting Vegas: Implementing Energy Efficiency in Two Las Vegas Test Home notes that during the housing crisis, more than 11% of the existing housing stock in Las Vegas is in foreclosure (more than 8,100 homes). There is strong potential for achieving significant energy savings through retrofit activities in this region.

107

A Path to Successful Energy Retrofits: Early Collaboration through Integrated  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and designers. It outlines the value of forming an integrated project delivery team and developing a complete process for designing an energy retrofit for a building. Instead, it focuses on the early design retrofits require integrated project delivery teams, this guide presents an integrated design process

108

Retrofit Ramp-Up Selected Projects* | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Retrofit Ramp-Up Selected Projects* Retrofit Ramp-Up Selected Projects* Retrofit Ramp-Up Selected Projects* Brief descriptions of retrofit ramp projects throughout the nation including: Austin, Texas; Boulder County, Colorado;Camden, New Jersey;Chicago;Cincinnati,Ohio;Greensboro, North Carolina;Indianapolis, Indiana;Kansas City, Missouri;Los Angeles County, California;Lowell, Massachusetts;State of Maine;State of Maryland;State of Michigan;State of Missouri;Omaha, Nebraska;State of New Hampshire;New York State Research and Development Authority;Philadelphia, Pennsylvania;Phoenix, Arizona;Portland, Oregon;San Antonio, Texas;Seattle, Washington;Southeast Energy Efficiency Alliance;Toledo-Lucas County Port Authority, Ohio;Wisconsin Energy Conservation Corporation Retrofit Ramp-Up Selected Projects*

109

NYSEG (Electric) - Small Business Lighting Retrofit Program | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

NYSEG (Electric) - Small Business Lighting Retrofit Program NYSEG (Electric) - Small Business Lighting Retrofit Program NYSEG (Electric) - Small Business Lighting Retrofit Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Savings Category Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Program Info Funding Source System Benefits Charge State New York Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Energy Assessment: Free Lighting Retrofit: 70% of cost Provider RG&E and NYSEG NYSEG offers a lighting incentive program designed to serve small business customers with a demand of 100 kilowatts (kW) or less. These small business customers may schedule a free energy assessment and then receive a 70% discount on the installed cost of recommended lighting measures. Eligible lighting measures include the retrofitting of fluorescent fixtures,

110

Tillamook County PUD - Dairy Lighting Retrofit Rebate Program | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tillamook County PUD - Dairy Lighting Retrofit Rebate Program Tillamook County PUD - Dairy Lighting Retrofit Rebate Program Tillamook County PUD - Dairy Lighting Retrofit Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Agricultural Savings Category Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Program Info State Oregon Program Type Utility Rebate Program Provider Tillamook County PUD Tillamook PUD offers the Dairy Lighting Retrofit Program for its agricultural members to save energy on lighting in eligible barns/facilities. Tillamook PUD completes a lighting audit of the facility to calculate the energy savings and rebate amount. Incentives are provided for the replacement of existing mercury vapor, incandescent, and T12 fluorescent fixtures with new ORION AG9000 3-lamp T8 fluorescent fixtures. This rebate is available for retrofits only, new construction is not

111

DEEP RESIDENTIAL RETROFITS - USING LESS AND LIVING BETTER  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DEEP RESIDENTIAL RETROFITS - USING LESS AND LIVING BETTER DEEP RESIDENTIAL RETROFITS - USING LESS AND LIVING BETTER Speaker(s): Iain Walker Date: December 11, 2009 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 (This is a repeat of the Nov. 18 ME EET Seminar on campus) There are currently thousands of federal, state and utility programs starting up throughout he nation to retrofit existing homes. Most of these programs have moderate savings goals on the order of 20%, but to really make an impact and make the nations housing stock sustainable we need savings of 70% or more. This requires fundamental changes in the way we think about retrofits. We need better diagnostics to determine how houses perform - both before and after retrofitting, we need better ways of simulating home performance so we can make better decisions about what to do to a home to

112

Air Distribution Retrofit Strategies for Affordable Housing  

SciTech Connect

In multifamily and attached buildings, traditional duct sealing methods are often impractical or costly and disruptive because of the difficulty in accessing leakage sites. In this project, two retrofit duct sealing techniques -- manually-applied sealants and injecting a spray sealant, were implemented in several low-rise multi-unit buildings. An analysis on the cost and performance of the two methods are presented. Each method was used in twenty housing units: approximately half of each group of units are single story and the remainder two-story. Results show that duct leakage to the outside was reduced by an average of 59% through the use of manual methods, and by 90% in the units where the injected spray sealant was used. It was found that 73% of the leakage reduction in homes that were treated with injected spray sealant was attributable to the manual sealing done at boots, returns and the air handler. The cost of manually-applying sealant ranged from $275 to $511 per unit and for the injected spray sealant the cost was $700 per unit. Modeling suggests a simple payback of 2.2 years for manual sealing and 4.7 years for the injected spray sealant system. Utility bills were collected for one year before and after the retrofits. Utility bill analysis shows 14% and 16% energy savings using injected spray sealant system and hand sealing procedure respectively in heating season whereas in cooling season, energy savings using injected spray sealant system and hand sealing were both 16%.

Dentz, J.; Conlin, F.; Holloway, P.; Podorson, D.; Varshney, K.

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Oxy-fuel Combustion and Integrated Pollutant Removal as Retrofit Technologies for Removing CO2 from Coal Fired Power Plants  

SciTech Connect

One third of the US installed capacity is coal-fired, producing 49.7% of net electric generation in 20051. Any approach to curbing CO2 production must consider the installed capacity and provide a mechanism for preserving this resource while meeting CO2 reduction goals. One promising approach to both new generation and retrofit is oxy-fuel combustion. Using oxygen instead of air as the oxidizer in a boiler provides a concentrated CO2 combustion product for processing into a sequestration-ready fluid.... Post-combustion carbon capture and oxy-fuel combustion paired with a compression capture technology such as IPR are both candidates for retrofitting pc combustion plants to meet carbon emission limits. This paper will focus on oxy-fuel combustion as applied to existing coal power plants.

Ochs, T.L.; Oryshchyn, D.B.; Summers, C.A.; Gerdemann, S.J.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Designing Effective Incentives to Drive Residential Retrofit Program Participation (Text Version)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Transcript of the webinar, "Designing Effective Incentives to Drive Residential Retrofit Program Participation."

115

Public Sector New Construction and Retrofit Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Public Sector New Construction and Retrofit Program Public Sector New Construction and Retrofit Program Public Sector New Construction and Retrofit Program < Back Eligibility Fed. Government Institutional Local Government Schools State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Cooling Construction Design & Remodeling Appliances & Electronics Ventilation Heat Pumps Commercial Lighting Lighting Manufacturing Insulation Water Heating Windows, Doors, & Skylights Maximum Rebate Bonus maximum: $100,000 All incentives: $2.50/sq. ft. (base plus bonus), $300,000, 75% of project costs, and 100% of incremental costs Program Info Funding Source Illinois Energy Efficiency Portfolio Standard (EEPS) surcharge for Ameren,

116

NIPSCO - Existing Facility Retrofit Rebate Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

NIPSCO - Existing Facility Retrofit Rebate Program NIPSCO - Existing Facility Retrofit Rebate Program NIPSCO - Existing Facility Retrofit Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Schools State Government Tribal Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Home Weatherization Construction Commercial Weatherization Design & Remodeling Manufacturing Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate Contact NIPSCO $500,000 per project per year $1,000,000 per applicant per year Program Info Expiration Date 12/31/2013 State Indiana Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Other Projects: $0.09/kWh in electricity reductions Energize Indiana Rebates: Varies widely Provider

117

MassSAVE (Electric) - Residential Retrofit Programs | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Retrofit Programs Retrofit Programs MassSAVE (Electric) - Residential Retrofit Programs < Back Eligibility Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Construction Design & Remodeling Other Sealing Your Home Ventilation Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Water Heating Maximum Rebate Weatherization: $2000 Program Info Expiration Date 12/31/2012 State Massachusetts Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Weatherization: 75% Heat Pump Water Heater: $1,000 Income Eligible Customers: free home energy consultation Mulitifamily Incentives: comprehensive energy analysis, lighting upgrades, insulation, air sealing and other energy saving measures.

118

Candidate Selection Instrument  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The candidate selection instrument is designed to take the guesswork out of selecting candidates for the various career development programs of interest. The instrument is straightforward and...

119

Retrofitting the Southeast: The Cool Energy House  

SciTech Connect

The Consortium for Advanced Residential Buildings has provided the technical engineering and building science support for a highly visible demonstration home in connection with the National Association of Home Builders' International Builders Show. The two previous projects, the Las Vegas net-zero ReVISION House and the 2011 VISION and ReVISION Houses in Orlando, met goals for energy efficiency, cost effectiveness, and information dissemination through multiple web-based venues. This project, which was unveiled at the 2012 International Builders Show in Orlando on February 9, is the deep energy retrofit Cool Energy House (CEH). The CEH began as a mid-1990s two-story traditional specification house of about 4,000 ft2 in the upscale Orlando suburb of Windermere.

Zoeller, W.; Shapiro, C.; Vijayakumar, G.; Puttagunta, S.

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Lighting Retrofit Improving Visibility, Saving Energy | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lighting Retrofit Improving Visibility, Saving Energy Lighting Retrofit Improving Visibility, Saving Energy Lighting Retrofit Improving Visibility, Saving Energy August 27, 2010 - 10:05am Addthis New LED lighting fixtures (right) emit a whiter light than existing high-pressure sodium cobra head streetlights (left) and don't spill light onto nearby houses. | Photos courtesy of the City of Muscatine New LED lighting fixtures (right) emit a whiter light than existing high-pressure sodium cobra head streetlights (left) and don't spill light onto nearby houses. | Photos courtesy of the City of Muscatine Kevin Craft In the small Midwestern town of Muscatine, Iowa-known as the "The Pearl Button Capital of the World" for the millions of pearl buttons produced there in the early 1900s-a lighting retrofit project will bring a new

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retrofit candidate behavioral" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Residential Deep Energy Retrofits: Monitoring and Performance of 10  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Residential Deep Energy Retrofits: Monitoring and Performance of 10 Residential Deep Energy Retrofits: Monitoring and Performance of 10 California Case Study Homes Speaker(s): Brennan Less Jeremy Fisher Date: August 16, 2011 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3075 Deep Energy Retrofits are residential remodeling projects, which attempt to drastically reduce energy usage and environmental impact, as well as increase occupant comfort and improve indoor air quality. With energy reduction targets ranging from 50% to 90%, these projects use similar strategies to those typically deployed in a net-zero energy home. Most Deep Retrofits include insulation upgrades, window replacement, air sealing, HVAC replacement, renewable energy technologies, and new appliances and lighting. No building system or component is overlooked. 10 of these exciting projects are being monitored in California by the Energy

122

Charlotte Green Supply Chain: Residential Retrofitting | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Charlotte Green Supply Chain: Residential Retrofitting Charlotte Green Supply Chain: Residential Retrofitting Charlotte Green Supply Chain: Residential Retrofitting July 30, 2010 - 10:50am Addthis Joshua DeLung What does this mean for me? Weatherizing your home could immediately save you 30% on your home energy bills. Charlotte, N.C. resident Ron Martin heard he could save some money by having his home retrofitted, making small - but important - changes to increase energy efficiency. The ideal was intriguing. Martin called local retrofitter Energy Tight in May to come perform an energy audit on his home. The company performed a blower door test and checked his duct work, attic and crawlspace for areas where energy might be leaking out. "They used an infrared camera to show me places in the walls where there

123

Lighting Retrofits Saving Energy, Helping Local Companies | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lighting Retrofits Saving Energy, Helping Local Companies Lighting Retrofits Saving Energy, Helping Local Companies Lighting Retrofits Saving Energy, Helping Local Companies August 9, 2010 - 1:00pm Addthis LEDs such as this are expected to save Altoona, Pa. thousands in energy costs. | File photo LEDs such as this are expected to save Altoona, Pa. thousands in energy costs. | File photo It's easy to measure the effects of a lighting retrofit project in a city like Altoona, Pa., where 169 new LED units are expected to save $4,078 in energy costs annually. But there are also other benefits to such energy efficiency initiatives, which can be seen in the local companies that make the projects possible. "The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act has helped our customers make the decision to move forward with energy related projects," says Paul

124

Golden Valley Electric Association - Commercial Lighting Retrofit Rebate  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Commercial Lighting Retrofit Commercial Lighting Retrofit Rebate Program Golden Valley Electric Association - Commercial Lighting Retrofit Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Savings Category Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate $20,000 per project Program Info State Alaska Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Up to $1,000/kW or 50% of the project cost Provider Golden Valley Electric Association BusBusiness $ense is a Golden Valley Electric Association (GVEA) program designed to increase the efficiency with which energy is used on GVEA's system. It provides rebates of up to $20,000 to existing facilities receiving the commercial rate who reduce their lighting loads through energy efficient lighting retrofit projects. Facilities on GVEA's

125

Emission Control Systems and Components for Retrofit and First...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

of Advanced Emission Controls for the Retrofit Market Development of a Stand-Alone Urea-SCR System for NOx Reduction in Marine Diesel Engines HD Truck and Engine Fuel Efficiency...

126

DOE Webinar: Retrofitting Central Space Conditioning Strategies for Multifamily Buildings  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Building America Program is hosting a no-cost, webinar-based training on Retrofitting Central Space Conditioning Strategies for Multifamily Buildings. The webinar will focus on improving the...

127

Street and Parking Facility Lighting Retrofit Financial Analysis Tool Webinar  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

DOE will present a live webinar titled "Using the Street and Parking Facility Lighting Retrofit Financial Analysis Tool" on Thursday, August 22, from 1:00 p.m. to 2:00 p.m. Eastern Daylight Time....

128

EECBG Success Story: Lighting Retrofits Saving Energy, Helping...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

of a lighting retrofit project in a city like Altoona, Pennsylvania, where 169 new LED units are expected to save 4,078 in energy costs annually. Learn more. Addthis Related...

129

Compressed Air System Analysis and Retrofit for Energy Savings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This case study paper describes energy efficiency improvements to a large sanitary paper products manufacturing facility that underwent a comprehensive compressed air system retrofit. The project was motivated by potential energy savings and better...

Harding, C.; Nutter, D.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

DOE Webinar - Residential Geothermal Heat Pump Retrofits (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

This presentation was given December 14, 2010, as part of DOE's Webinar series. The presentation discusses geothermal heat pump retrofits, technology options, and an overview of geothermal energy and geothermal heat pumps.

Anderson, E. R.

2010-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

131

Retrofit Financial Analysis Tool, Version 1.1.01  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Download a zip file containing the Retrofit Financial Analysis Tool, Version 1.1.01, and an example version of the Tool filled in with sample data. Save the file to your computer before opening..

132

Critical Question #1: How Do We Retrofit the Tough Buildings?  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

What are strategies in designing air sealing and insulation solutions for energy retrofits of the more challenging buildings? What are some examples of durable solutions that are relatively inexpensive? What hasn't worked and why? What looks promising?

133

How Fuel Price Elasticity Affects the Economics of Thermal Retrofits  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Policymakers, their expert advisors and the academic community use mathematical models to evaluate the economic viability and payback time of thermal retrofits. Most of these models have the form of a cost-benefi...

Ray Galvin…

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Retrofitting the Streetlights in Boise, Idaho | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Retrofitting the Streetlights in Boise, Idaho Retrofitting the Streetlights in Boise, Idaho Retrofitting the Streetlights in Boise, Idaho Addthis Description Boise, Idaho is using an energy efficiency grant to retrofit hundreds of streetlights throughout the downtown area with energy-efficient LED bulbs, which will save money and improve safety and local quality of life. Speakers Clay Young, LeAnn Oliver, David Bieter, Neal Oldemeyer Duration 3:05 Topic Tax Credits, Rebates, Savings Clean Cities Commercial Lighting Credit Energy Department Video Boise is an old pioneer town. It's fairly isolated and it has, you know, kind of a pioneering spirit still about it. People are very independent, very outdoorsy. It's a smallish metropolitan area but it's kind of a hip metropolitan area. It's a very, very neat place to

135

Lighting Retrofits Saving Energy, Helping Local Companies | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lighting Retrofits Saving Energy, Helping Local Companies Lighting Retrofits Saving Energy, Helping Local Companies Lighting Retrofits Saving Energy, Helping Local Companies August 9, 2010 - 1:00pm Addthis LEDs such as this are expected to save Altoona, Pa. thousands in energy costs. | File photo LEDs such as this are expected to save Altoona, Pa. thousands in energy costs. | File photo It's easy to measure the effects of a lighting retrofit project in a city like Altoona, Pa., where 169 new LED units are expected to save $4,078 in energy costs annually. But there are also other benefits to such energy efficiency initiatives, which can be seen in the local companies that make the projects possible. "The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act has helped our customers make the decision to move forward with energy related projects," says Paul

136

Indoor environmental quality benefits of apartment energy retrofits  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Indoor environmental quality benefits of apartment energy retrofits Indoor environmental quality benefits of apartment energy retrofits Title Indoor environmental quality benefits of apartment energy retrofits Publication Type Journal Article LBNL Report Number LBNL-6373E Year of Publication 2013 Authors Noris, Federico, Gary Adamkiewicz, William W. Delp, Toshifumi Hotchi, Marion L. Russell, Brett C. Singer, Michael Spears, Kimberly Vermeer, and William J. Fisk Journal Building Environment Volume 68 Pagination 170-178 Date Published 10/2013 Keywords Apartments; Energy; Indoor environmental quality; Retrofit; Selection Abstract Sixteen apartments serving low-income populations in three buildings were retrofit with the goal of simultaneously reducing energy consumption and improving indoor environmental quality (IEQ). Retrofit measures varied among apartments and included, among others, envelope sealing, installation of continuous mechanical ventilation systems, upgrading bathroom fans and range hoods, attic insulation, replacement of heating and cooling systems, and adding wall-mounted particle air cleaners. IEQ parameters were measured, generally for two one-week periods before and after the retrofits. The measurements indicate an overall improvement in IEQ conditions after the retrofits. Comfort conditions, bathroom humidity, and concentrations of carbon dioxide, acetaldehyde, volatile organic compounds, and particles generally improved. Formaldehyde and nitrogen dioxide levels decreased in the building with the highest concentrations, were unchanged in a second building, and increased in a third building. IEQ parameters other than particles improved more in apartments with continuous mechanical ventilation systems installed. In general, but not consistently, larger percent increases in air exchange rates were associated with larger percent decreases in indoor levels of the pollutants that primarily come from indoor sources.

137

Retrofit of a Multifamily Mass Masonry Building in New England  

SciTech Connect

Merrimack Valley Habitat for Humanity (MVHfH) has partnered with Building Science Corporation to provide high performance affordable housing for 10 families in the retrofit of an existing brick building (a former convent) into condominiums. The research performed for this project provides information regarding advanced retrofit packages for multi-family masonry buildings in Cold climates. In particular, this project demonstrates safe, durable, and cost-effective solutions that will potentially benefit millions of multi-family brick buildings throughout the East Coast and Midwest (Cold climates). The retrofit packages provide insight on the opportunities for and constraints on retrofitting multifamily buildings with ambitious energy performance goals but a limited budget. The condominium conversion project will contribute to several areas of research on enclosures, space conditioning, and water heating. Enclosure items include insulation of mass masonry building on the interior, airtightness of these types of retrofits, multi-unit building compartmentalization, window selection, and roof insulation strategies. Mechanical system items include combined hydronic and space heating systems with hydronic distribution in small (low load) units, and ventilation system retrofits for multifamily buildings.

Ueno, K.; Kerrigan, P.; Wytrykowska, H.; Van Straaten, R.

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

11th European Conference on Earthquake Engineering 1998 Balkema, Rotterdam, ISBN 90 5410 982 3 Seismic retrofit of non-ductile concrete and masonry walls by steel-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Seismic retrofit of non-ductile concrete and masonry walls by steel- strips bracing Mustafa Taghdi, Michel, concrete, non-ductile, steel, strips, ductility, hysteretic behavior ABSTRACT: Four concrete block masonry from each pair was retro- fitted using a steel strip system. The steel strip system consists

Bruneau, Michel

139

Measuring retrofit savings in commercial buildings with pre-retrofit utility billing data and post-retrofit sub-metered data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Savings in Commercial Buildings with Pre-Retrofit Utility Billing Data and Post-Retrofit Sub-Metered Data. (December 1993) Yue Liu, B.S., Harbin Architecture & Civil Engineering Institute, Harbin, China Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. David E... for provision of site information. Finally, I give thanks to all my colleagues and friends at the Energy Systems Lab for their support and friendship. vii TABLE OF CONTENTS Page - A B S T R A C T iii DEDICATION v A C K N O W L E D G M E N T S vi LIST...

Liu, Yue

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

140

Feasibility study for the retrofitting of used oil re-refineries to the BETC solvent treatment/distillation process  

SciTech Connect

Federal policy encourages recycle of used oil, but requires that recycling be done in an environmentally sound manner. In order to encourage such recycling the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center of the US Department of Energy has developed the DOE/BETA solvent treatment/distillation re-refining process. The feasibility of retrofitting existing used oil re-refineries to the DOE/BETC process has been studied in this work. Twelve potential sites were chosen from almost 300 firms thought to be interested in re-refining technology. Three of these twelve sites have been recommended as prime candidates.

Weinstein, N.J.; Brinkman, D.W.

1980-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retrofit candidate behavioral" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

SES CANDIDATE DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CANDIDATE DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM (SESCDP) CANDIDATE DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM (SESCDP) DOE F 360.1 (11-03) Executive Development Plan (EDP) Name: Title: Organization: Office: RATIONALE FOR PLAN: APPROVALS: Candidate Signature: Date: Supervisor: Date: Mentor: Date: SES Candidate Development Program Manager: Date: DOE Executive Resources Board: Date: 1 U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY DOE F 360.1 (11-03) SENIOR EXECUTIVE SERVICE CANDIDATE DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM (SESCDP) Executive Development Plan (EDP) NAME OF SES CANDIDATE: DATE: EXECUTIVE CORE QUALIFICATION 1: LEADING CHANGE This core qualification encompasses the ability to develop and implement an organizational vision which integrates key national and program

142

Short-Term Test Results: Multifamily Home Energy Efficiency Retrofit  

SciTech Connect

Multifamily deep energy retrofits (DERs) represent great potential for energy savings, while also providing valuable insights on research-generated efficiency measures, cost-effectiveness metrics, and risk factor strategies for the multifamily housing industry. The Bay Ridge project is comprised of a base scope retrofit with a goal of achieving 30% savings (relative to pre-retrofit), and a DER scope with a goal of 50% savings (relative to pre-retrofit). The base scope has been applied to the entire complex, except for one 12-unit building which underwent the DER scope. Findings from the implementation, commissioning, and short-term testing at Bay Ridge include air infiltration reductions of greater than 60% in the DER building; a hybrid heat pump system with a Savings to Investment Ratio (SIR) > 1 (relative to a high efficiency furnace) which also provides the resident with added incentive for energy savings; and duct leakage reductions of > 60% using an aerosolized duct sealing approach. Despite being a moderate rehab instead of a gut rehab, the Bay Ridge DER is currently projected to achieve energy savings ? 50% compared to pre-retrofit, and the short-term testing supports this estimate.

Lyons, J.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

ADEC II Universal SCR Retrofit System for On-road and Off-road...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ADEC II Universal SCR Retrofit System for On-road and Off-road Diesel Engines ADEC II Universal SCR Retrofit System for On-road and Off-road Diesel Engines Presentation given at...

144

Research on Commercial Patterns of China Existing Building Energy Retrofit Based on Energy Management Contract  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Existing building energy retrofit is one of the keys of building energy efficiency in China. According to experience in developed countries, implementation of energy management contract (EMC) is crucial to promote existing building energy retrofit...

Han, Z.; Liu, C.; Sun, J.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Effects of Catalysts on Emissions from Heavy-Duty Diesel Retrofits...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Catalysts on Emissions from Heavy-Duty Diesel Retrofits for PM and NOX Control Effects of Catalysts on Emissions from Heavy-Duty Diesel Retrofits for PM and NOX Control The more...

146

Development of whole-building energy performance models as benchmarks for retrofit projects  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a systematic development process of whole-building energy models as performance benchmarks for retrofit projects. Statistical regression-based models and computational performance models are being used for retrofit projects in industry ...

Omer Tugrul Karaguzel; Khee Poh Lam

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Retrofit and Testing of a Pre-Turbo, Diesel Oxidation Catalyst...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Retrofit and Testing of a Pre-Turbo, Diesel Oxidation Catalyst on a Tier 0, SD60M Freight Locomotive Achieving Over 50% PM Reduction Retrofit and Testing of a Pre-Turbo, Diesel...

148

SES CANDIDATE DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5 5 (11-03) SENIOR EXECUTIVE SERVICE CANDIDATE DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM (SESCDP) Candidate Developmental Assignment Evaluation DATE:_______________ NAME OF SES CANDIDATE TITLE OF POSITION LOCATION ASSIGNMENT DURATION: Which Executive Core Qualification(s) was this assignment intended to meet? Leading Change Leading People Results Driven Business Acumen Building Coalitions/Communication Please provide a brief description of your assignment. Did the experience meet your expectation? Was this a good learning experience? 1 U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY DOE F 360.5 (11-03) SENIOR EXECUTIVE SERVICE CANDIDATE DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM (SESCDP) Candidate Developmental Assignment Evaluation

149

SES CANDIDATE DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4 4 (11-03) SENIOR EXECUTIVE SERVICE CANDIDATE DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM (SESCDP) Supervisor's Evaluation of Candidate's Performance During Developmental Assignment DATE:________________ NAME OF SES CANDIDATE: TITLE OF POSITION: LOCATION OF ASSIGNMENT: ASSIGNMENT DURATION: PART I: EVALUATION OF ASSIGNMENT OBJECTIVES Please evaluate the candidate's level of performance in meeting the objectives of the assignment as Successful or Unacceptable. Objectives Standards Performance Evaluation PLEASE RATE YOUR OVERALL EVALUATION OF THE CANDIDATE'S PERFORMANCE BY CIRCLING A NUMBER ON THE SCALE BELOW: EXCELLENT VERY GOOD SATISFACTORY POOR UNACCEPTABLE

150

A Path to Successful Energy Retrofits: Early Collaboration Through  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Through Through Integrated Project Delivery Teams Title A Path to Successful Energy Retrofits: Early Collaboration Through Integrated Project Delivery Teams Publication Type Report Refereed Designation Refereed LBNL Report Number LBNL-6130E Year of Publication 2012 Authors Parrish, Kristen Date Published 10/2012 Publisher Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Abstract This document guides you through a process for the early design phases of retrofit projects to help you mitigate frustrations commonly experienced by building owners and designers. It outlines the value of forming an integrated project delivery team and developing a communication and information-sharing infrastructure that fosters collaboration. This guide does not present a complete process for designing an energy retrofit for a building. Instead, it focuses on the early design phase tasks related to developing and selecting energy efficiency measures (EEMs) that benefit from collaboration, and highlights the resulting advantages.

151

Home Retrofits Save Money, Add Value | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Home Retrofits Save Money, Add Value Home Retrofits Save Money, Add Value Home Retrofits Save Money, Add Value February 22, 2010 - 11:40am Addthis Joshua DeLung What are the key facts? Tanya $41,000 in home upgrades were possible through the Energy Independence Program. Tanya to pay back the money through installments on her property taxes. After she did the upgrades, Tanya's energy bills are now down 50 percent. As the real estate business rebounds, homebuilders are seeing some growth because of a new nationwide awareness of energy efficiency and the money it can save homeowners. Tanya Narath, of Santa Rosa, Calif., was already taking advantage of renewable energy and green building techniques - her home has had solar panels on its roof for years, and solar tubes draw in natural light to brighten even the darkest spaces of the home. But then Tanya had an energy

152

Financing Energy Efficiency Retrofits in Oakland (A Roundtable Discussion)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Financing Energy Efficiency Retrofits in Oakland (A Roundtable Discussion) Financing Energy Efficiency Retrofits in Oakland (A Roundtable Discussion) Speaker(s): Emily Kirsch Justin Butler Date: July 15, 2008 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Galen Barbose James Lutz Cities around the country are developing large-scale programs to retrofit portions of their housing stock, seizing the 'low-hanging fruit' of energy efficiency. As buildings account for roughly 40% of energy consumption in the U.S., such efforts can substantially reduce carbon-based energy use while providing jobs and growing the local green economy. The main barriers to this work are the necessary upfront capital, the risk of losing investment if properties are sold before savings are realized, and the issue of "split incentives" in rented housing units. In order for Oakland

153

Home Retrofits Save Money, Add Value | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Home Retrofits Save Money, Add Value Home Retrofits Save Money, Add Value Home Retrofits Save Money, Add Value February 22, 2010 - 11:40am Addthis Joshua DeLung What are the key facts? Tanya $41,000 in home upgrades were possible through the Energy Independence Program. Tanya to pay back the money through installments on her property taxes. After she did the upgrades, Tanya's energy bills are now down 50 percent. As the real estate business rebounds, homebuilders are seeing some growth because of a new nationwide awareness of energy efficiency and the money it can save homeowners. Tanya Narath, of Santa Rosa, Calif., was already taking advantage of renewable energy and green building techniques - her home has had solar panels on its roof for years, and solar tubes draw in natural light to brighten even the darkest spaces of the home. But then Tanya had an energy

154

Idaho Power - Easy Upgrades for Simple Retrofits Rebate Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Idaho Power - Easy Upgrades for Simple Retrofits Rebate Program Idaho Power - Easy Upgrades for Simple Retrofits Rebate Program Idaho Power - Easy Upgrades for Simple Retrofits Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Appliances & Electronics Construction Design & Remodeling Manufacturing Sealing Your Home Windows, Doors, & Skylights Ventilation Heat Pumps Commercial Lighting Lighting Insulation Maximum Rebate Up to 100,000 per site per year. Program Info Funding Source Conservation Program Funding Charge State Oregon Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount A/C or Heat Pumps: $25-$100/ton Economizer Control Addition: $75/ton Air-Side Economizer Repair: $250 Evaporative Coolers: $100-$300/ton

155

Cincinnati Canvassing Spreads Retrofitting Message | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cincinnati Canvassing Spreads Retrofitting Message Cincinnati Canvassing Spreads Retrofitting Message Cincinnati Canvassing Spreads Retrofitting Message May 28, 2010 - 3:07pm Addthis A volunteer canvasses the Mt. Washington neighborhood to spread awareness about home energy audits in the area. | Photo Courtesy GCEA A volunteer canvasses the Mt. Washington neighborhood to spread awareness about home energy audits in the area. | Photo Courtesy GCEA Lindsay Gsell What are the key facts? With help from the Greater Cincinnati Energy Alliance (GCEA), this resident was able to get his home energy audited for only $50, saving approximately $300 from the average audit cost. Stuart Schaefer's home sits on a quaint, tree-lined street in Wyoming, Ohio. Although he's always enjoyed the neighborhood and his house in the

156

Window Company Booming from Retrofits | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Window Company Booming from Retrofits Window Company Booming from Retrofits Window Company Booming from Retrofits October 30, 2009 - 12:09pm Addthis Joshua DeLung Don't try telling John Haddon's family that Friday the 13th is unlucky. They have more reason to believe in divine intervention than luck. After buying Accu-Weld Feb. 13, 2009 - a windows and doors company that laid off 70 employees in 2008 - the business is doing great, thanks to the family's commitment to energy efficiency and the Recovery Act, signed into law just four days later. John didn't know much about the Recovery Act then, but now he's convinced the stimulus has dramatically improved profits. "The Recovery Act coming on board shortly after we purchased the company has been a boost to our business and window makers in general," John says

157

Baltimore Boy's Asthma Improved Through Retrofit | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Baltimore Boy's Asthma Improved Through Retrofit Baltimore Boy's Asthma Improved Through Retrofit Baltimore Boy's Asthma Improved Through Retrofit October 31, 2009 - 11:32am Addthis Joshua DeLung What does this mean for me? The Baltimore Green and Healthy Homes Initiative program, made possible with Recovery Act dollars, provides comprehensive health, safety, and energy efficiency upgrades to low-income families around the city. Lekquan Young rushed her 8-month-old son to the hospital when she noticed his chest looked sunken as he breathed. The doctor told her that her baby son had asthma. Today, her son is 8 years old and has suffered frequent asthma attacks at home. "There was mold within the home and the air quality wasn't good," says Lekquan, a single mom living in Baltimore, Md. The roof over the

158

Energy SmartPARKS Retrofitting Parks, Landmarks | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy SmartPARKS Retrofitting Parks, Landmarks Energy SmartPARKS Retrofitting Parks, Landmarks Energy SmartPARKS Retrofitting Parks, Landmarks March 19, 2010 - 3:45pm Addthis Joshua DeLung Energy SmartPARKS is a program formed through collaboration between the U.S. Departments of Energy and the Interior to help the National Park Service make America's parks and landmarks more energy-efficient. Several examples are already in place, including one just down the street from Energy's Washington, D.C., home - that example is the prominent Washington Monument, towering up 555 feet from the heart of our nation's capital. An advanced new lighting system for the Washington Monument greatly improves the monument's lighting, and it also decreases the energy used to light the obelisk while increasing security in the area. Through the

159

SMUD - PV Residential Retrofit Buy-Down | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

PV Residential Retrofit Buy-Down PV Residential Retrofit Buy-Down SMUD - PV Residential Retrofit Buy-Down < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Solar Buying & Making Electricity Maximum Rebate No maximum limit Program Info State California Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount $0.20/watt AC. Incentive is adjusted based on expected performance. The incentive can be paid directly to the customer or to the installer. Provider Sacramento Municipal Utility District SMUD offers an incentive of $0.20 per watt (W) AC to residential customers who install grid-connected photovoltaic (PV) systems. Customers do not have to contract directly with SMUD-approved contractors for the purchase and installation of the system, however this is recommended. All systems must be permitted and installed by B, C-10, or C-46 contractors. The incentive

160

Window Company Booming from Retrofits | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Window Company Booming from Retrofits Window Company Booming from Retrofits Window Company Booming from Retrofits October 30, 2009 - 12:09pm Addthis Joshua DeLung Don't try telling John Haddon's family that Friday the 13th is unlucky. They have more reason to believe in divine intervention than luck. After buying Accu-Weld Feb. 13, 2009 - a windows and doors company that laid off 70 employees in 2008 - the business is doing great, thanks to the family's commitment to energy efficiency and the Recovery Act, signed into law just four days later. John didn't know much about the Recovery Act then, but now he's convinced the stimulus has dramatically improved profits. "The Recovery Act coming on board shortly after we purchased the company has been a boost to our business and window makers in general," John says

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retrofit candidate behavioral" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Philadelphia Gas Works - Commercial and Industrial EnergySense Retrofit  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Philadelphia Gas Works - Commercial and Industrial EnergySense Philadelphia Gas Works - Commercial and Industrial EnergySense Retrofit Program (Pennsylvania) Philadelphia Gas Works - Commercial and Industrial EnergySense Retrofit Program (Pennsylvania) < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Multi-Family Residential Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Construction Design & Remodeling Windows, Doors, & Skylights Ventilation Manufacturing Insulation Appliances & Electronics Water Heating Maximum Rebate $75,000 Program Info Expiration Date 8/31/2015 State Pennsylvania Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Varies Widely Philadelphia Gas Works' (PGW) Commercial and Industrial Retrofit Incentive Program is part of EnergySense, PGW's portfolio of energy efficiency

162

MassSAVE (Gas) - Commercial Retrofit Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

MassSAVE (Gas) - Commercial Retrofit Program MassSAVE (Gas) - Commercial Retrofit Program MassSAVE (Gas) - Commercial Retrofit Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Local Government Schools State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Other Manufacturing Commercial Weatherization Appliances & Electronics Water Heating Maximum Rebate Projects over $25,000 or involve 5 or more equipment units, customers should contact their utility Program Info State Massachusetts Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Warm Air Furnaces with Electronic Commutated Motor (ECM): $500-$800 Condensed Unit Heaters: $7500 Condensing Boilers: $1,000 - $10,000 Infrared Heaters: $750 Condensing Water Heater: $500 On-Demand Tankless Water Heater: $500 - $800

163

New Jersey Landlord, Tenants See Benefits of Retrofits | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

New Jersey Landlord, Tenants See Benefits of Retrofits New Jersey Landlord, Tenants See Benefits of Retrofits New Jersey Landlord, Tenants See Benefits of Retrofits April 9, 2010 - 2:32pm Addthis Joshua DeLung Some might think that only single-family homes are being weatherized across America, but eligible renters in Newark, N.J., are taking advantage of the increases in savings, safety and comfort that come with weatherization. Sunny Uberio is the owner of Realty Management Systems LLC in Newark, N.J., where he had his three apartment buildings evaluated for their energy efficiency and found that the older heating and cooling systems and other measures were insufficient when it came to saving energy. La Casa de Don Pedro, a local community action agency, was able to help Sunny by weatherizing the buildings.

164

Maryland Abuzz with Retrofit Converts | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Abuzz with Retrofit Converts Abuzz with Retrofit Converts Maryland Abuzz with Retrofit Converts January 7, 2010 - 2:06pm Addthis Joshua DeLung Tim Kenny got a college degree in fisheries biology, but his real passion lies in something he's spent the last 20 years doing - helping American families in Maryland, Pennsylvania and Washington, D.C. He makes his living in the clean energy economy by finding ways people can save money on their energy bills and make their homes cleaner, safer and more comfortable. About four years ago, he started Housewarmers, a business that performs energy audits and weatherization work on the homes of everyday clientele. Tim also helps community action agencies complete weatherization work as a contractor through a separate nonprofit business, C&O Conservation, for

165

Mini-Split Heat Pumps Multifamily Retrofit Feasibility Study  

SciTech Connect

Mini-split heat pumps can provide space heating and cooling in many climates and are relatively affordable. These and other features make them potentially suitable for retrofitting into multifamily buildings in cold climates to replace electric resistance heating or other outmoded heating systems. This report investigates the suitability of mini-split heat pumps for multifamily retrofits. Various technical and regulatory barriers are discussed and modeling was performed to compare long-term costs of substituting mini-splits for a variety of other heating and cooling options. A number of utility programs have retrofit mini-splits in both single family and multifamily residences. Two such multifamily programs are discussed in detail.

Dentz, J.; Podorson, D.; Varshney, K.

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

New Jersey Landlord, Tenants See Benefits of Retrofits | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Jersey Landlord, Tenants See Benefits of Retrofits Jersey Landlord, Tenants See Benefits of Retrofits New Jersey Landlord, Tenants See Benefits of Retrofits April 9, 2010 - 2:32pm Addthis Joshua DeLung Some might think that only single-family homes are being weatherized across America, but eligible renters in Newark, N.J., are taking advantage of the increases in savings, safety and comfort that come with weatherization. Sunny Uberio is the owner of Realty Management Systems LLC in Newark, N.J., where he had his three apartment buildings evaluated for their energy efficiency and found that the older heating and cooling systems and other measures were insufficient when it came to saving energy. La Casa de Don Pedro, a local community action agency, was able to help Sunny by weatherizing the buildings. "Through their program, I was able to get new boilers installed, new

167

Sustainable Energy Resources for Consumers Webinar on Residential Geothermal Heat Pump Retrofit Transcript  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Transcript for a U.S. Department of Energy Webinar on Dec. 14, 2010, about residential geothermal heat pump retrofits

168

Measuring Energy-Saving Retrofits: Experiences from the LoanSTAR Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on the process of acquiring and analyzing data to measure savings from energy conservation retrofits when budgets are a constraint....

Claridge, D. E.; Heffington, W. M.; O'Neal, D. L.; Turner, W. D.; Haberl, J. S.; Reddy, T. A.

2005-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

169

Measure Guideline: Three High Performance Mineral Fiber Insulation Board Retrofit Solutions  

SciTech Connect

This Measure Guideline describes a high performance enclosure retrofit package that uses mineral fiber insulation board. The Measure Guideline describes retrofit assembly and details for wood frame roof and walls and for cast concrete foundations. This Measure Guideline is intended to serve contractors and designers seeking guidance for non-foam exterior insulation retrofit.

Neuhauser, K.

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Passive-solar-retrofit study for the United States Navy  

SciTech Connect

A passive solar retrofit study has been conducted for the United States Navy at the Los Alamos National Laboratory. The purpose of the study was to determine the energy savings obtainable in concrete block buildings from several passive solar heating strategies. A procedure involving the use of test cell data and computer simulation was employed to assess the merits of six retrofit options. The six strategies selected were chosen on the basis of providing a series of options that will deliver increasing energy savings at the cost of correspondingly increased levels of commitment.

Wray, W.O.; Miles, C.R.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Pilot Demonstration of Phased Retrofits in Florida Homes (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

The Florida Solar Energy Center (FSEC) and Florida Power and Light are pursuing a collaborative energy research/utility partnership to retrofit a large number of homes using a phased approach. The project is creating detailed data on the energy and economic performance of two levels of home retrofit - simple and deep. Acting as a pilot, this project is expected to provide the information necessary to significantly reduce energy use through much larger community-scale projects in collaboration with utilities, program administrators and other market leader stakeholders.

Not Available

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Retrofit Analysis of Older, Single Family Housing in San Antonio  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Retrofit Analysis of Older, Single Family Housing in San Antonio Hazem Rashed-Ali, PhD, University of Texas at San Antonio CATEE 2013 Clean Air Through Energy Efficiency Conference December 16-18, 2013 San Antonio, TX 12/17/2013 ESL-KT-13... of San Antonio has 28 historic districts, • Potential energy savings from retrofit of older homes are substantial and undisputed. However: • Historic homes need thoughtful attention to the details and features that cause society to give them protected...

Rashed-Ali, H.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Retrofit of Existing Residential Building: a Case Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

was reasonable, the construction quality was not good. The air leak from the circumference of window was serious and some inner surface of external walls formed condensation of moisture. Before retrofit, the annual heating energy consumption was 9.28?108kJ.... The annual coal consumption for heating was 31.68 tons standard coal. After retrofit, the annual heat consumption was 6.73?108kJ. The annual coal consumption for heating was 22.97 tons standard coal. With the 2.55?108kJ reduction of the annual heating...

Zhao, L.; Xu, W.; Li, L.; Gao, G.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

SES CANDIDATE DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3 3 (11-03) SENIOR EXECUTIVE SERVICE CANDIDATE DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM (SESCDP) Developmental Assignment Opportunity DATE: NAME OF SES CANDIDATE: TITLE: ASSIGNMENT NUMBER: ASSIGNMENT BEGINS: ENDS: TELEPHONE NUMBER: FAX NUMBER: EMAIL ADDRESS: ASSIGNMENT LOCATION HOST ORGANIZATION: PURPOSE OF ASSIGNMENT: ASSIGNMENT POSITION: ASSIGNMENT DUTIES: EXECUTIVE COR QUALIFICATIONS TO BE ADDRESSED: OFFICE ADDRESS: TELEPHONE NUMBER: FAX NUMBER: E-MAIL ADDRESS: 1 U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY SENIOR EXECUTIVE SERVICE CANDIDATE DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM (SESCDP)

175

Measured Cooling Performance and Potential for Buried Duct Condensation in a 1991 Central Florida Retrofit Home  

SciTech Connect

FSEC conducted energy performance monitoring of two existing residences in Central Florida that were undergoing various retrofits. These homes were occupied by FSEC researchers and were fully instrumented to provide detailed energy, temperature, and humidity measurements. The data provided feedback about the performance of two levels of retrofit in two types of homes in a hot-humid climate. This report covers a moderate-level retrofit and includes two years of pre-retrofit data to characterize the impact of improvements. The other home is a 'deep energy retrofit' (detailed in a separate report) that has performed at near zero energy with a photovoltaic (PV) system and extensive envelope improvements.

Chasar, D.; Withers, C.

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Retrofitting Existing Buildings for Demand Response & Energy Efficiency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Retrofitting Existing Buildings for Demand Response & Energy Efficiency www, enable demand response, improve productivity for older facilities. - Use technologies which minimize are notified by PG&E by 3pm the day prior to the critical event. - Customers with Auto-Demand Response enabled

California at Los Angeles, University of

177

Energy and Indoor Environmental Quality Retrofits in Low-Income  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Energy and Indoor Environmental Quality Retrofits in Low-Income Apartments ENVIRONMENTAL ENERGY to save energy. The major elements influenced by this project: people, energy/air quality and apartments save energy and improve indoor environmental quality conditions. Project Description The broad goals

178

An actuarial approach to retrofit savings in buildings  

SciTech Connect

An actuarial method has been developed for determining energy savings from retrofits from energy use data for a number of buildings. This method should be contrasted with the traditional method of using pre- and post-retrofit data on the same building. This method supports the U.S. Department of Energy Building Performance Database of real building performance data and related tools that enable engineering and financial practitioners to evaluate retrofits. The actuarial approach derives, from the database, probability density functions (PDFs) for energy savings from retrofits by creating peer groups for the user’s pre post buildings. From the energy use distribution of the two groups, the savings PDF is derived. This provides the basis for engineering analysis as well as financial risk analysis leading to investment decisions. Several technical issues are addressed: The savings PDF is obtained from the pre- and post-PDF through a convolution. Smoothing using kernel density estimation is applied to make the PDF more realistic. The low data density problem can be mitigated through a neighborhood methodology. Correlations between pre and post buildings are addressed to improve the savings PDF. Sample size effects are addressed through the Kolmogorov--Smirnov tests and quantile-quantile plots.

Subbarao, Krishnappa; Etingov, Pavel V.; Reddy, T. A.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

A Retrofit Tool for Improving Energy Efficiency of Commercial Buildings  

SciTech Connect

Existing buildings will dominate energy use in commercial buildings in the United States for three decades or longer and even in China for the about two decades. Retrofitting these buildings to improve energy efficiency and reduce energy use is thus critical to achieving the target of reducing energy use in the buildings sector. However there are few evaluation tools that can quickly identify and evaluate energy savings and cost effectiveness of energy conservation measures (ECMs) for retrofits, especially for buildings in China. This paper discusses methods used to develop such a tool and demonstrates an application of the tool for a retrofit analysis. The tool builds on a building performance database with pre-calculated energy consumption of ECMs for selected commercial prototype buildings using the EnergyPlus program. The tool allows users to evaluate individual ECMs or a package of ECMs. It covers building envelope, lighting and daylighting, HVAC, plug loads, service hot water, and renewable energy. The prototype building can be customized to represent an actual building with some limitations. Energy consumption from utility bills can be entered into the tool to compare and calibrate the energy use of the prototype building. The tool currently can evaluate energy savings and payback of ECMs for shopping malls in China. We have used the tool to assess energy and cost savings for retrofit of the prototype shopping mall in Shanghai. Future work on the tool will simplify its use and expand it to cover other commercial building types and other countries.

Levine, Mark; Feng, Wei; Ke, Jing; Hong, Tianzhen; Zhou, Nan

2013-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

180

ARRA Proposed Award: The Affordable Multifamily Retrofit Initiative (the Initiative)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

retrofits that improve the tenant unit energy efficiency, including energy audit policies, procedures Projected Energy Savings: 1,000 MWh annually Projected Gas Savings: 100,000 therms annually GHG Energy Workforce Training Program(s): The Initiative will coordinate and collaborate with the Citibuild

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retrofit candidate behavioral" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Affordable solar home retrofit design and initial evaluation  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the design construction and initial testing for a low cost live-in solar porch retrofit that has been developed by the Rural Housing Research Unit. The system was effective providing all the heat needed to keep the house warm during clear sunny winter days and it was effective in keeping the sun's energy out during summer periods.

Newman, J.O.; Newman, R.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Building America Webinar: Who's Successfully Doing Deep Energy Retrofits?  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The webinar on June 25, 2014, focused on specific Building America projects that highlighted real-world examples of deep energy retrofits (DER) that are meeting with technical and market success. Presenters focused on technical strategies, modeled and actual performance results, and project costs.

183

Building America Webinar: Who's Successfully Doing Deep Energy Retrofits?  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The webinar will focus on specific Building America projects and case studies that highlight real-world examples of deep energy retrofits that are meeting with technical and market success. Presenters will focus on technical strategies, modeled and actual performance results, and project costs.

184

Effects of diesel particle filter retrofits and accelerated fleet turnover  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Effects of diesel particle filter retrofits and accelerated fleet turnover Effects of diesel particle filter retrofits and accelerated fleet turnover on drayage truck emissions at the port of Oakland Title Effects of diesel particle filter retrofits and accelerated fleet turnover on drayage truck emissions at the port of Oakland Publication Type Journal Article Year of Publication 2011 Authors Dallmann, Timothy R., Robert A. Harley, and Thomas W. Kirchstetter Journal Environmental Science & Technology Volume 45 Issue 24 Pagination 10773-10779 Abstract Heavy-duty diesel drayage trucks have a disproportionate impact on the air quality of communities surrounding major freight-handling facilities. In an attempt to mitigate this impact, the state of California has mandated new emission control requirements for drayage trucks accessing ports and rail yards in the state beginning in 2010. This control rule prompted an accelerated diesel particle filter (DPF) retrofit and truck replacement program at the Port of Oakland. The impact of this program was evaluated by measuring emission factor distributions for diesel trucks operating at the Port of Oakland prior to and following the implementation of the emission control rule. Emission factors for black carbon (BC) and oxides of nitrogen (NOx) were quantified in terms of grams of pollutant emitted per kilogram of fuel burned using a carbon balance method. Concentrations of these species along with carbon dioxide were measured in the exhaust plumes of individual diesel trucks as they drove by en route to the Port. A comparison of emissions measured before and after the implementation of the truck retrofit/replacement rule shows a 54 ± 11% reduction in the fleet-average BC emission factor, accompanied by a shift to a more highly skewed emission factor distribution. Although only particulate matter mass reductions were required in the first year of the program, a significant reduction in the fleet-average NOx emission factor (41 ± 5%) was observed, most likely due to the replacement of older trucks with new ones.

185

Energy Innovation Hub Report Shows Philadelphia-area Building Retrofits  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Report Shows Philadelphia-area Building Report Shows Philadelphia-area Building Retrofits Could Support 23,500 Jobs Energy Innovation Hub Report Shows Philadelphia-area Building Retrofits Could Support 23,500 Jobs November 10, 2011 - 10:36am Addthis This is the Greater Philadelphia Innovation Cluster located at the Philadelphia Navy Yard, which has 270 buildings that consortium members can use to conduct energy efficiency experiments. The Energy Efficiency Buildings Hub is one of the U.S. Department of Energy’s research centers called Energy Innovation Hubs. | Photo courtesy of EEB Hub This is the Greater Philadelphia Innovation Cluster located at the Philadelphia Navy Yard, which has 270 buildings that consortium members can use to conduct energy efficiency experiments. The Energy Efficiency

186

New Jersey SmartStart Buildings - New Construction and Retrofits |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

You are here You are here Home » New Jersey SmartStart Buildings - New Construction and Retrofits New Jersey SmartStart Buildings - New Construction and Retrofits < Back Eligibility Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Schools State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Cooling Manufacturing Other Construction Heat Pumps Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Water Heating Maximum Rebate General: incentives may be limited to $500,000 per utility account per year. Custom Measures: limited to lesser of $0.16/kWh or $1.60/therm saved annually; 50% of total costs; or buydown to a 1-year payback period Program Info Funding Source New Jersey Societal Benefits Charge (public benefits fund)

187

Gas Technology Institute (Partnership for Advanced Residential Retrofit) |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Technology Institute (Partnership for Advanced Residential Retrofit) Technology Institute (Partnership for Advanced Residential Retrofit) Jump to: navigation, search Name Gas Technology Institute Place Des Plaines, IL Website http://www.gastechnology.org/ Coordinates 42.0333623°, -87.8833991° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.0333623,"lon":-87.8833991,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

188

Expert Meeting Report: Retrofit Implementation - A Neighborhood at a Time  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Retrofit Implementation - Retrofit Implementation - A Neighborhood at a Time Dianne Griffiths Consortium for Advanced Residential Buildings (CARB) April 2012 NOTICE This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government. Neither the United States government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, subcontractors, or affiliated partners makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply

189

MassSAVE (Electric) - Commercial Retrofit Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

You are here You are here Home » MassSAVE (Electric) - Commercial Retrofit Program MassSAVE (Electric) - Commercial Retrofit Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Local Government Schools State Government Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Manufacturing Other Construction Heat Pumps Heating Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Maximum Rebate 50% of cost of upgraded equipment, or an amount that buys down the cost of the project to a 1.5 year simple payback. Program Info Start Date 1/1/2011 State Massachusetts Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Fluorescent Systems: $10-$50/fixture High and Low Bay Fluorescents: Up to $100/fixture LED Interior: $15-$50/fixture

190

Cascade Apartments - Deep Energy Multifamily Retrofit , Kent, Washington (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

In December of 2009-10, King County Housing Authority (KCHA) implemented energy retrofit improvements in the Cascade multifamily community, located in Kent, Washington (marine climate.)This research effort involved significant coordination from stakeholders KCHA, WA State Department of Commerce, utility Puget Sound Energy, and Cascade tenants. This report focuses on the following three primary BA research questions : 1. What are the modeled energy savings using DOE low income weatherization approved TREAT software? 2. How did the modeled energy savings compare with measured energy savings from aggregate utility billing analysis? 3. What is the Savings to Investment Ratio (SIR) of the retrofit package after considering utility window incentives and KCHA capitol improvement funding.

Not Available

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Resource handbook for low-income residential retrofits  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of the handbook is to provide technical assistance to state grantees participating in the Partnerships in Low-Income Residential Retrofit (PILIRR) Program. PILIRR is a demonstration program aimed at identifying innovative, successful approaches to developing public and private support for weatherization of low-income households. The program reflects the basic concept that responsibility for financial support for conservation activities such as low-income residential retrofitting is likely to gradually shift from the DOE to the states and the private sector. In preparing the handbook, PNL staff surveyed over 50 programs that provide assistance to low-income residents. The survey provided information on factors that contribute to successful programs. PNL also studied the winning PILIRR proposals (from the states of Florida, Iowa, Kentucky, Oklahoma and Washington) and identified the approaches proposed and the type of information that would be most helpful in implementing these approaches.

Callaway, J.W.; Brenchley, D.L.; Davis, L.J.; Ivey, D.L.; Smith, S.A.; Westergard, E.J.

1987-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Proposed passive solar retrofit project for the Tennessee Vallley Authority  

SciTech Connect

A program has been advocated to introduce the widespread use of passive solar techniques as an energy source for the heating and cooling of existing housing in the TVA region. The development of curricula and training of TVA's energy advisors, Valley contractors, and suppliers of passive solar retrofit products and services is discussed. In addition, the program will train and certify local teams who will provide technical assistance to contractors, inform the public through construction workshops, classes, information dissemination, and provide seminars for special target audiences such as bankers and real estate agents. The passive solar retrofit applications to be included in this program are attached solar greenhouses or sunspaces, direct and indirect solar gain systems, shading or screening devices such as trees and awnings, and movable insulation.

Yanda, S.B. (Solar Applications Branch, Hinesburg, VT); Hicks, S.D.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Nine utilities offering cash, credit rebates for retrofits  

SciTech Connect

Businesses can obtain cash or credit rebates from at least nine utilities if they install energy-conservation equipment and, in some instances, thermal-storage retrofits. The rebate programs do not extend to residential users, who already have incentives. Utilities anticipate less need for new generating facilities if they can foster efficiency in the commercial, industrial, and institutional sectors. A chart summarizes and compares the rebate programs now available in eligibility requirements, equipment covered, and rebate rates and conditions. (DCK)

Mullin, R.

1983-11-28T23:59:59.000Z

194

Need for Systematic Retrofit Analysis in Multifamily Buildings  

SciTech Connect

Multifamily housing offers high potential for energy savings through retrofits. A comprehensive energy audit with systematic evaluation of alternative energy measures is one of the key steps to realizing the full energy savings potential. However, this potential often remains unrealized when the selection of measures is (1) based on a one-size-fits-all approach originating from accustomed practices, (2) intended merely to meet code-compliance requirements, and/or (3) influenced by owner renter split incentive. In such cases, the benefits of comprehensive energy auditing are disregarded in view of the apparent difficulty in diagnosing multifamily buildings, evaluating alternative measures, and installing customized sets of measures. This paper highlights some of the barriers encountered in a multifamily housing retrofit project in Georgia and demonstrates the merits of systematic retrofit analysis by identifying opportunities for higher energy savings and improved comfort and indoor air quality that were missed in this project. The study uses a whole-building energy analysis conducted for a 10-unit, low-rise, multifamily building of a 110-unit apartment complex. The analysis projected a 24% energy savings from the measures installed in the building with a payback period of 10 years. Further analysis with a systematic evaluation of alternative measures showed that without compromising on the objectives of durability, livability, and appearance of the building, energy savings of up to 34% were achievable with a payback period of 7 years. The paper concludes by outlining recommendations that may benefit future retrofit projects by improving the audit process, streamlining tasks, and achieving higher energy savings.

Malhotra, Mini [ORNL; Im, Piljae [ORNL

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Deep Energy Retrofit Performance Metric Comparison: Eight California Case Studies  

SciTech Connect

In this paper we will present the results of monitored annual energy use data from eight residential Deep Energy Retrofit (DER) case studies using a variety of performance metrics. For each home, the details of the retrofits were analyzed, diagnostic tests to characterize the home were performed and the homes were monitored for total and individual end-use energy consumption for approximately one year. Annual performance in site and source energy, as well as carbon dioxide equivalent (CO{sub 2}e) emissions were determined on a per house, per person and per square foot basis to examine the sensitivity to these different metrics. All eight DERs showed consistent success in achieving substantial site energy and CO{sub 2}e reductions, but some projects achieved very little, if any source energy reduction. This problem emerged in those homes that switched from natural gas to electricity for heating and hot water, resulting in energy consumption dominated by electricity use. This demonstrates the crucial importance of selecting an appropriate metric to be used in guiding retrofit decisions. Also, due to the dynamic nature of DERs, with changes in occupancy, size, layout, and comfort, several performance metrics might be necessary to understand a project’s success.

Walker, Iain; Fisher, Jeremy; Less, Brennan

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Fluidized-bed retrofit a practical alternative to FGD  

SciTech Connect

When SO/sub 2/ emissions from an existing utility boiler must be reduced, retrofitting for fluidized-bed combustion may be an attractive alternative. In addition to reducing atmospheric pollutants during combustion, FBC retrofits allow simultaneous burning of a wide range of low-cost fuels. Also, since new components are incorporated in the steam generator rather than added on as pollution-control equipment, they extend the use of the plant beyond its normal life expectancy. There are five types of fossil-fuel-fired boilers used by utilities (pulverized coal, cyclone, stoker, oil, and gas), and literally hundreds of designs. Not all of these designs lend themselves to FBC retrofit, and much depends on the size and age of the boiler. Units that are not structurally sound or that have extensive internal corrosion are generally not suitable. Boilers over 150 MW usually have complicated water circuitry and small furnace plan areas, and may not have enough space to accommodate the fluidized bed. Other important considerations are: Water/steam-circulation design, Furnace bottom-to-grade clearance, Air-heater type and arrangement, Boiler support, Type of particulate-control device, Fan capacity, Space available in the boiler island for alterations.

Stringfellow, T.E.; Nolte, F.S.; Sage, W.L.

1984-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Forrestal Building Lighting Retrofit Second Live Test Demonstration (LTD)  

SciTech Connect

This report describes and summarizes the Forrestal Building Lighting Retrofit Live Test demonstration (LTD) performed by Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) in Room 5E-080 of the DOE Forrestal Building in Washington, D.C. The purpose of the LTD was to evaluate proposed lighting retrofits for compliance with the requirements laid out in the request for proposal (RFP) for the Shared Energy Savings (SES) Lighting Retrofit Project for the Forrestal Building, Washington, D.C. Testing was conducted from March 9 through March 18, 1992, and again on August 3 through August 6, 1992. Four contractors were initially tested in March. Then, two contractors were retested in August due to changes in the rebate schedule for electronic ballasts being offered by the Potomac Electric Power Company (PEPCO), the utility servicing the Forrestal Building. The two contractors tested in March were retested with different ballasts, tubes, and reflectors. The results from these new tests are reported here and compared with those from the earlier tests.

Halverson, M.A.; Schmelzer, J.R.; Parker, G.B.

1993-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Combining Energy Efficiency Building Retrofits and Onsite Generation: An  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Combining Energy Efficiency Building Retrofits and Onsite Generation: An Combining Energy Efficiency Building Retrofits and Onsite Generation: An Emerging Business Model from the ESCO Industry Title Combining Energy Efficiency Building Retrofits and Onsite Generation: An Emerging Business Model from the ESCO Industry Publication Type Conference Paper Year of Publication 2011 Authors Satchwell, Andrew, Peter H. Larsen, and Charles A. Goldman Conference Name 2011 ACEEE Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Industry Date Published 2011 Publisher ACEEE Conference Location Niagara Falls, New York Abstract The U.S. energy service company (ESCO) industry is an example of a private-sector business model where energy efficiency savings are delivered to customers primarily through the use of performance-based contracts. Despite the onset of a severe economic recession, we estimate that the U.S. ESCO industry grew about 7% per year from 2006 to 2008 with annual revenues of about $4.1 billion in 2008. About 75% of industry revenues are directly related to the installation of energy efficiency measures at existing buildings in the institutional, commercial, and industrial sectors.

199

Clean Energy Works Portland: A Model For Retrofit Projects | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Clean Energy Works Portland: A Model For Retrofit Projects Clean Energy Works Portland: A Model For Retrofit Projects Clean Energy Works Portland: A Model For Retrofit Projects June 4, 2010 - 4:34pm Addthis Paul Lester Communications Specialist for the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy What does this mean for me? Clean Energy Works Portland (CEWP) seeks to cut energy costs for residents, create green jobs and slash greenhouse gases by retrofitting 500 homes in the Portland area by this fall. A program developed by the city of Portland, Ore., is proving to be a model of public and private collaboration for large-scale home retrofit projects throughout the country. Clean Energy Works Portland (CEWP) seeks to cut energy costs for residents, create green jobs and slash greenhouse gases by retrofitting 500 homes in

200

An Experimental and Analytical Evaluation of Wall And Window Retrofit Configurations: Supporting the Residential Retrofit Best Practices Guide  

SciTech Connect

A Retrofit Best Practices Guide was developed to encourage homeowners to consider energy conservation issues whenever they modify their siding or windows. In support of this guide, an experimental program was implemented to measure the performance of a number of possible wall siding and window retrofit configurations. Both thermal and air-leakage measurements were made for a 2.4 x 2.4 m (8 x 8 ft) wall section with and without a 0.9 x 1.2 m (3 x 4 ft) window. The windows tested were previously well-characterized at a dedicated window test facility. A computer model was also used to provide information for the Best Practices Guide. The experimental data for walls and windows were used in conjunction with this model to estimate the total annual energy savings for several typical houses in a number of different locations.

Stovall, Therese K [ORNL; Petrie, Thomas [ORNL; Kosny, Jan [ORNL; Childs, Phillip W [ORNL; Atchley, Jerald Allen [ORNL; Hulvey, Kimberly D [ORNL

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retrofit candidate behavioral" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Chamberlain Heights Redevelopment: A Large Scale, Cold Climate Study of Affordable Housing Retrofits  

SciTech Connect

The City of Meriden Housing Authority (MHA) collaborated with affordable housing developer Jonathon Rose Companies (JRC) to complete a gut renovation of 124 residential units in the Chamberlain Heights retrofit project. The affordable housing community is made up of 36 buildings in duplex and quad configurations located on 22 acres within two miles of downtown Meriden, CT. The final post-retrofit analysis showed 40-45% source energy savings over the existing pre-retrofit conditions.

Donnelly, K.; Mahle, M.

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Building America Whole-House Solutions for Existing Homes: Evaluation of a Multifamily Retrofit  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Evaluation of a Multifamily Retrofit in Climate Zone 5, Boulder, Colorado (Fact Sheet), Building America Case Study: Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes, Building Technologies Office (BTO)

203

ADEC II Universal SCR Retrofit System for On-road and Off-road...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

ADEC II Universal SCR Retrofit System for On-road and Off-road Diesel Engines Richard Carlson Extengine Transport Systems, LLC Fullerton, California 2006 DEER Conference Poster...

204

Ethnography of Cool Roof Retrofits: The Role of Rebates in the Materials Selection Process  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

you  qualify  for  a  rebate?   Was  that  a  deciding  Retrofits: The Role of Rebates in the Materials Selectionwho   had  received  a  rebate  for  their  cool  roof  

Mazur-Stommen, Susan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Text-Alternative Version of Building America Webinar: Retrofitting Central Space Conditioning Strategies for Multifamily Buildings  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

A text-alternative version of the Building America webinar, Retrofitting Central Space Conditioning Strategies for Multifamily Buildings held on July 16, 2014.

206

Hungary-Employment Impacts of a Large-Scale Deep Building Retrofit...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Deep Building Retrofit Programme AgencyCompany Organization European Climate Foundation Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Buildings, - Building Energy Efficiency...

207

The efficiency of technical retrofitting of cogeneration stations using combined-cycle plants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We consider the problem of technical retrofitting of gas-and-oil fired steam-turbine cogeneration stations by converting them into combined-cycle plants...

L. S. Popyrin; M. D. Dil’man; G. M. Belyaeva

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

SciTech Connect: Analysis of Pre-Retrofit Building and Utility...  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

and Utility Data IBACOS analyzed pre-retrofit daily utility data to sort homes by energy consumption, allowing for better targeting of homes for physical audits. Following...

209

Calculating Energy and Demand Retrofit Savings for Stroman High School: Interim Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As part of the LoanSTAR program, Stroman High School in Victoria Texas underwent two retrofits: a) an absorption chiller was changed to an electric vapor compression chiller, and b) an EMCS system was installed after about 5 months in the post retrofit... be used for both heating and cooling, while the retrofit involved a change from the absorption chiller to an electric chiller (i.e., an absorption chiller is used). Thus, in the post-retrofit period, gas is used exclusively for heating , and electricity...

Liu, Y.; Reddy, T. A.; Katipamula, S.; Claridge, D. E.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Text-Alternative Version: Municipal Solid-State Street Lighting Consortium Retrofit Financial Analysis Tool Webcast  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Below is the text-alternative version of the "Municipal Solid-State Street Lighting Consortium Retrofit Financial Analysis Tool" webcast, held April 3, 2012.

211

Text-Alternative Version: Using the Street and Parking Facility Lighting Retrofit Financial Analysis Tool  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Below is the text-alternative version of the "Using the Street and Parking Facility Lighting Retrofit Financial Analysis Tool" webcast, held August 22, 2013.

212

An Empirical Analysis of Gas Well Design and Pumping Tests for Retrofitting Landfill Gas Collection.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Retrofitting a landfill with a gas collection system is an expensive and time consuming endeavor. Such an undertaking usually consists of longer-term extraction testing programs… (more)

Stevens, Derek

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Performance of a Hot-Dry Climate Whole-House Retrofit  

SciTech Connect

The Stockton house retrofit is a two-story tudor style single family deep retrofit in the hot-dry climate of Stockton, CA. The home is representative of a deep retrofit option of the scaled home energy upgrade packages offered to targeted neighborhoods under the pilot Large-Scale Retrofit Program (LSRP) administered by the Alliance for Residential Building Innovation (ARBI). Deep retrofit packages expand on the standard package by adding HVAC, water heater and window upgrades to the ducting, attic and floor insulation, domestic hot water insulation, envelope sealing, lighting and ventilation upgrades. Site energy savings with the deep retrofit were 23% compared to the pre-retrofit case, and 15% higher than the savings estimated for the standard retrofit package. Energy savings were largely a result of the water heater upgrade, and a combination of the envelope sealing, insulation and HVAC upgrade. The HVAC system was of higher efficiency than the building code standard. Overall the financed retrofit would have been more cost effective had a less expensive HVAC system been selected and barriers to wall insulation remedied. The homeowner experienced improved comfort throughout the monitored period and was satisfied with the resulting utility bill savings.

Weitzel, E.; German, A.; Porse, E.

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

SES CANDIDATE DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6 6 (11-03) SENIOR EXECUTIVE SERVICE CANDIDATE DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM (SESCDP) Evaluation of Formal Training DATE:_______________ CANDIDATE NAME: TITLE OF TRAINING PROGRAM: VENDOR/LOCATION: TRAINING DATES: Which Executive Core Qualification(s) was this assignment intended to meet? Leading Change Leading People Results Driven Business Acumen Building Coalitions/Communication Please check one for each of the following: Level of difficulty: Too Advanced ___ Appropriate ___ Too Elementary ___ Length of course: Too Long ___ Appropriate ___ Too Short ___ Instructor(s): Excellent ___ Satisfactory ___ Fair Poor ___ 1 until U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY

215

Josh Beale Candidate Statement Nominators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Josh Beale ­ Candidate Statement Nominators: Rosa Nobarni Audrey Chan Since I started my university

New South Wales, University of

216

Opportunities for Energy Conservation and Improved Comfort From Wind Washing Retrofits in Two-Story Homes - Part I  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of wind washing found in this study. Repairs and energy monitoring were completed in six of these homes to evaluate retrofit methods and cost effectiveness of retrofit solutions. These results are discussed in Part II of this paper....

Withers, C. R. Jr.; Cummings, J. B.

217

Cedarville School District Retrofit of Heating and Cooling Systems with  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

School District Retrofit of Heating and Cooling Systems with School District Retrofit of Heating and Cooling Systems with Geothermal Heat Pumps and Ground Source Water Loops Geothermal Project Jump to: navigation, search Last modified on July 22, 2011. Project Title Cedarville School District Retrofit of Heating and Cooling Systems with Geothermal Heat Pumps and Ground Source Water Loops Project Type / Topic 1 Recovery Act - Geothermal Technologies Program: Ground Source Heat Pumps Project Type / Topic 2 Topic Area 1: Technology Demonstration Projects Project Description - Improve the indoor air quality and lower the cost of cooling and heating the buildings that make up the campus of Cedarville High School, Middle School and Elementary School. - Provide jobs, and reduce requirements of funds for the capital budget of the School District, and thus give relief to taxpayers in this rural region during a period of economic recession. - The new Heat Pumps will be targeted to perform at very high efficiency with EER (energy efficiency ratios) of 22+/-. System capacity is planned at 610 tons. - Remove unusable antiquated existing equipment and systems from the campus heating and cooling system, but utilize ductwork, piping, etc. where feasible. The campus is served by antiquated air conditioning units combined with natural gas, and with very poor EER estimated at 6+/-. - Monitor for 3 years the performance of the new systems compared to benchmarks from the existing system, and provide data to the public to promote adoption of Geothermal technology. - The Geothermal installation contractor is able to provide financing for a significant portion of project funding with payments that fall within the energy savings resulting from the new high efficiency heating and cooling systems.

218

Method for Determining Optimal Residential Energy Efficiency Retrofit Packages  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Method for Determining Method for Determining Optimal Residential Energy Efficiency Retrofit Packages B. Polly, M. Gestwick, M. Bianchi, R. Anderson, S. Horowitz, C. Christensen, and R. Judkoff National Renewable Energy Laboratory April 2011 ii NOTICE This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government. Neither the United States government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process,

219

Business Case for Energy Efficient Building Retrofit and Renovation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

SmartMarket Report SmartMarket Report Produced with support from Energy Efficient Business Case for Energy Efficient Building Retrofit and Renovation Funding provided by U.S. Department of Energy through the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory McGraw-Hill Construction President Keith Fox Vice President, Product Development Kathryn E. Cassino McGraw-Hill Construction Research & Analytics/Alliances Vice President, Industry Insights & Alliances Harvey M. Bernstein, F. ASCE, LEED AP Senior Director, Research & Analytics Burleigh Morton Director, Partnerships & Alliances John Gudgel Director, Green Content & Research Communications Michele A. Russo, LEED AP Business Case for Energy Effi cient Building Retrofi

220

Glove port retrofit assembly and method of replacing components  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

What is disclosed is a system for retrofitting a sealed enclosure for performing work therein having an outer enclosure assembly configured to be clamped to the outer annular face of a port ring and form a sealed engagement with the outer annular surface of the port ring, a change assembly having an inner ring and an access element wherein the inner ring has a first annular cylinder body that is sized to be slidably received by the port ring and the access element is configured to be sealably and slidably positioned within the first annular cylinder body of the inner ring.

Giesen, Isaac M; Cournoyer, Michael E; Rael, David G

2014-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retrofit candidate behavioral" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Newporter Apartments: Deep Energy Retrofit Short-Term Results  

SciTech Connect

This project demonstrates a path to meet the goal of the Building America program to reduce home energy use by 30% in multi-family buildings. The project demonstrates cost effective energy savings targets as well as improved comfort and indoor environmental quality (IEQ) associated with deep energy retrofits by a large public housing authority as part of a larger rehabilitation effort. The project focuses on a typical 1960's vintage low-rise multi-family apartment community (120 units in three buildings).

Gordon, A.; Howard, L.; Kunkle, R.; Lubliner, M.; Auer, D.; Clegg, Z.

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

MHD (magnetohydrodynamics) retrofit of a coal-fired generating plant  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the following appendices on the design of a coal-fired MHD retrofit: AVCO part load study; AVCO full load calculations; MSE mass balance calculations; Corette/MHD combined plant overall efficiency estimate; Corette boiler efficiency estimate; dynamic modeling and control simulation; combustor and nozzle scaling approach; field inductance and energy calculations; diagnostic instrumentation listing; equipment list; cost estimate factors; equipment and vendor costs data; CFFF test information; HRSR-ESP seed/ash calculations; and K{sub 2}/S molar ratio.

Not Available

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Text-Alternative Version of Building America Webinar: Low-e Storms: The Next "Big Thing" in Window Retrofits  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Low-e Storms:  The Next “Big Thing” in Window RetrofitsOfficial Webinar Transcript (September 9, 2014)

224

Bridge Seismic Retrofitting Practices in the Central and Southeastern United States  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Bridge Seismic Retrofitting Practices in the Central and Southeastern United States Timothy Wright1 review of the seismic hazard, inventory, bridge vulnerability, and bridge retrofit practices in the Central and Southeastern United States CSUS . Based on the analysis of the bridge inventory in the CSUS

Padgett, Jamie Ellen

225

The USDOE Forrestal Building Lighting Retrofit: Preliminary Analysis of Electricity Savings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In September of 1993 a 36,832 fixture lighting retrofit was completed at the United States Department of Energy Forrestal complex in Washington, D.C. This retrofit represents DOE's largest project to date that utilizes a Shared Energy Savings (SES...

Haberl, J. S.; Bou-Saada, T. E.; Vajda, E. J.; Shincovich, M.; D'Angelo III, L.; Harris, L.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

ENERGY IMPACTS OF ENERGY AND INDOOR ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY RETROFITS OF APARTMENTS IN CALIFORNIA  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

apartments to energy use changes of control apartments, total measured savings of gas energy plus site.S. is implementing many energy retrofits in homes with the goal of reducing building energy consumption and carbon1 ENERGY IMPACTS OF ENERGY AND INDOOR ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY RETROFITS OF APARTMENTS IN CALIFORNIA

227

Retrofitting Vegas: Implementing Energy Efficiency in Two Las Vegas Test Homes  

SciTech Connect

In 2009, the state of Nevada received nearly forty million dollars in Neighborhood Stabilization Funds from the Department of Housing and Urban Development. The purpose of this funding was to stabilize communities that have suffered from foreclosures and abandonment. In an effort to provide guidance to local officials and maximize how effectively this NSP funding is utilized in retrofitting homes, CARB provided design specifications, energy modeling, and technical support for the Building America Retrofit Alliance (BARA) team and its local partners - Better Building Performance, Nevada Energy Star Partners Green Alliance, and Home Free Nevada - for two retrofit test homes. One home was to demonstrate a modest retrofit and the other a deep energy retrofit. Through this project, CARB has provided two robust solution packages for retrofitting homes built in this region between the 1980s and early 1990s without substantially inconveniencing the occupants. The two test homes, the Carmen and Sierra Hills, demonstrate how cost-effectively energy efficient upgrades can be implemented in the hot, dry climate of the Southwest. In addition, the homes were used as an educational experience for home performance professionals, building trades, remodelers, and the general public. In-field trainings on air-sealing, HVAC upgrades, and insulating were provided to local contractors during the retrofit and BARA documented these retrofits through a series of video presentations, beginning with a site survey and concluding with the finished remodel and test out.

Puttagunta, S.

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Instructions for "The Great Energy Predictor Shootout II: Measuring Retrofit Energy Savings"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and compare how those models can be used to calculate energy conservation retrofit savings. ASHRAE's TC 1.5 and TC 4.7 have authorized a "Building Energy Predictor Shootout II: Measuring Retrofit Energy Savings" which is the focus of this competition....

Haberl, J. S.; Kreider, J. F.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

An Evaluation of Energy-Saving Retrofits from the Texas LoanSTAR Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This report discusses the LoanSTAR retrofit savings through December 1993 with an emphasis on the Constant Volume to Variable Air Volume air-handler retrofits. The report also summarizes several key findings about the LoanSTAR program which has 70...

Haberl, J. S.; Claridge, D. E.; Heneghan, T.; Sieggreen, R.; Sims, J.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Hungary-Employment Impacts of a Large-Scale Deep Building Retrofit  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hungary-Employment Impacts of a Large-Scale Deep Building Retrofit Hungary-Employment Impacts of a Large-Scale Deep Building Retrofit Programme Jump to: navigation, search Name Hungary-Employment Impacts of a Large-Scale Deep Building Retrofit Programme Agency/Company /Organization European Climate Foundation Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Buildings, - Building Energy Efficiency Topics Co-benefits assessment, Background analysis Resource Type Publications Website http://3csep.ceu.hu/sites/defa Country Hungary UN Region Eastern Europe References Hungary-Employment Impacts of a Large-Scale Deep Building Retrofit Programme[1] Hungary-Employment Impacts of a Large-Scale Deep Building Retrofit Programme Screenshot "The goal of the present research was to gauge the net employment impacts of a largescale deep building energy-efficiency renovation programme in

231

RG&E (Electric) - Small Business Lighting Retrofit Program | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Small Business Lighting Retrofit Program Small Business Lighting Retrofit Program RG&E (Electric) - Small Business Lighting Retrofit Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Savings Category Appliances & Electronics Commercial Lighting Lighting Program Info Funding Source System Benefits Charge State New York Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Energy Assessment: Free Lighting Retrofit: 70% of cost Provider RG&E and NYSEG RG&E offers a lighting incentive program designed to serve small business customers with a demand of 100 kilowatts (kW) or less. These small business customers may schedule a free energy assessment and then receive a 70% discount on the installed cost of recommended lighting measures. Eligible lighting measures include the retrofitting of fluorescent fixtures,

232

Measured energy savings and economics of retrofitting existing single- family homes: An update of the BECA-B database  

SciTech Connect

These appendices are the companion volume to report number LBL--28147 Vol.1, with the same title. The summary data tables include physical characteristics, energy consumption, savings, and the retrofit measures installed and their costs for each retrofit project. Each existing single family residential building'' retrofit project in the BECA-B database is described. 99 refs. (BM)

Cohen, S.D.; Goldman, C.A.; Harris, J.P.

1991-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

ISIS Facchinetti: A Nearly Zero Energy Retrofit in Italy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The research presented here is about the energy retrofit of an existing high school building close to Varese (Italy). As the building was designed in the 60's with a peculiar architectural language, it has been protected by the conservation authorities. However, the construction system in exposed concrete and the large expanses of single glass make the energy performance of the building very poor. The Provincia di Varese, owner of the building, decided to realize an exemplary retrofit project, which would be the first renovated educational building in Italy in line with the future scenario of Nearly Zero-Energy Building expected from 2019 (2021 for private buildings) by the European Directive 2010/31/UE. In this work energetic and payback analysis are developed to delineate three different preliminary scenarios of intervention. The process has always followed discussions with the conservation authorities, which contributed to the definition of realistic scenarios. Interesting results are obtained: a potential energy demand reduction of 70% can be obtained with the passive solutions proposed; in combination with active strategies (efficient mechanical systems and controls) and with the integration of photovoltaic panels (BiPV), the overall energy need of the building can be reduced to nearly zero.

Michele Sauchelli; Gabriele Masera; Gabriele D’Antona; Giampaolo Manzolini

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

Candidate Radiation Drugs Inch Forward  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Candidate Radiation Drugs Inch Forward 10.1126/science.331.6024...radiation, workers at the damaged Fukushima nuclear plant wear protective gear...Candidate radiation drugs inch forward. | News | 0 (E)-4-carboxystyryl-4-chlorobenzylsulfone...

Yudhijit Bhattacharjee

2011-03-25T23:59:59.000Z

235

National Grid Deep Energy Retrofit Pilot, Massachusetts and Rhode Island (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

Between December, 2009 and December, 2012 42 deep energy retrofit (DER) projects were completed through a DER pilot program sponsored by National Grid and conducted in Massachusetts and Rhode Island. 37 of these projects were comprehensive retrofits while 5 were partial DERs, meaning that high performance retrofit was implemented for a single major enclosure component or a limited number of major enclosure components. The 42 DER projects represent 60 units of housing. The comprehensive projects all implemented a consistent "package" of measures in terms of the performance targeted for major building components. Projects exhibited some variations in the approach to implementing the retrofit package. Pre- and post-retrofit air leakage measurements were performed for each of the projects. Each project also reported information about project costs including identification of energy-related costs. Post-retrofit energy-use data was obtained for 29 of the DER projects. Post-retrofit energy use was analyzed based on the net energy used by the DER project regardless of whether the energy was generated on site or delivered to the site. Homeowner surveys were returned by 12 of the pilot participants. Based on the community experience, this DER package is expected to result in yearly source energy use near 110 MMBtu/year or approximately 40% below the Northeast regional average. Larger to medium sized homes that successful implement these retrofits can be expected to achieve source EUI that is comparable to Passive House targets for new construction. The community of DER projects show post-retrofit airtightness below 1.5 ACH50 to be eminently achievable.

Not Available

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Performance Results for Massachusetts and Rhode Island Deep Energy Retrofit Pilot Community  

SciTech Connect

Between December, 2009 and December, 2012 42 deep energy retrofit (DER) projects were completed through a DER pilot program sponsored by National Grid and conducted in Massachusetts and Rhode Island. 37 of these projects were comprehensive retrofits while 5 were partial DERs, meaning that high performance retrofit was implemented for a single major enclosure component or a limited number of major enclosure components. The 42 DER projects represent 60 units of housing. The comprehensive projects all implemented a consistent 'package' of measures in terms of the performance targeted for major building components. Projects exhibited some variations in the approach to implementing the retrofit package. Pre- and post-retrofit air leakage measurements were performed for each of the projects. Each project also reported information about project costs including identification of energy-related costs. Post-retrofit energy-use data was obtained for 29 of the DER projects. Post-retrofit energy use was analyzed based on the net energy used by the DER project regardless of whether the energy was generated on site or delivered to the site. Homeowner surveys were returned by 12 of the pilot participants. Based on the community experience, this DER package is expected to result in yearly source energy use near 110 MMBtu/year or approximately 40% below the Northeast regional average. Larger to medium sized homes that successful implement these retrofits can be expected to achieve source EUI that is comparable to Passive House targets for new construction. The community of DER projects show post-retrofit airtightness below 1.5 ACH50 to be eminently achievable.

Gates, C.; Neuhauser, K.

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Risk analysis of FORTUM’s 560 MWe net power plant retrofit to oxyfuel combustion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Through technical discussion of oxyfuel retrofit of Meri–Pori’s supercritical power plant (565 MWe net), it was recognized that a deep analysis of the risks associated with the retrofit solution would be necessary for learning more about oxycombustion technology and to clarify the actual risks. As the result of the risk analysis, it was concluded that oxyfuel retrofit and oxyfuel operation would only involve low magnitude risks. This paper describes methodology of the risk analysis and major results including mitigation methods of the risks.

Kati Kupila; Pauli Dernjatin; Risto Sormunen; Tadashi Sumida; Kenji Kiyama; Alain Briglia; Ivan Sanchez-Molinero; Arthur Darde

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Exergy analysis combined with LCA for building envelope energy efficiency retrofit  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This article presents a kind of exergy analysis combined with LCA to evaluate the building envelope energy efficiency retrofit. A typical case in Ningbo city of China is analysed. The results show that it takes 15 years for the cumulative saved energy consumption in the use stage to equal the embodied energy of the newly added insulation materials in the product stage. Yet, it is impossible that the embodied exergy equals the cumulative saved exergy consumption in the building lifespan after retrofit. So the energy and exergy efficiency of the retrofit measures with LCA should be accounted as a whole.

Yan Zhou; Guangcai Gong

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Standard Measurement and Verification Plan for Lighting Retrofit Projects for Buildings and Building Sites  

SciTech Connect

This document provides a framework for standard measurement and verification (M&V) of lighting retrofit and replacement projects. It was developed to provide site owners, contractors, and other involved organizations with the essential elements of a robust M&V plan for lighting projects. It includes details on all aspects of effectively measuring light levels of existing and post-retrofit projects, conducting power measurement, and developing cost-effectiveness analysis. This framework M&V plan also enables consistent comparison among similar lighting projects, and may be used to develop M&V plans for non--lighting-technology retrofits and new installations.

Richman, Eric E.

2012-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

240

RECIPIENT:Chesterfield County PROJECT TITLE: EECBG Lighting Retrofit  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Chesterfield County Chesterfield County PROJECT TITLE: EECBG Lighting Retrofit Page 1 of2 STATE: VA Funding Opportunity Announcement Number Procurement Instrument Number NEPA Control Number CID Number DE-FOA-0000013 DE-EE0000874 GFO-0000874-001 0 Based 011 my review of the information concerning the proposed action, as NEPA Compliance Officer (authorized under DOE Order 451.1A), I have made the following determination: CX, EA, EIS APPENDIX AND NUMBER: Description: A9 Information gathering (including, but not limited to, literature surveys, inventories, audits), data analysis (including computer modeling), document preparation (such as conceptual design or feasibility studies, analytical energy supply and demand studies), and dissemination (including, but not limited to, document mailings, publication, and distribution;

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retrofit candidate behavioral" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Hammer Award Honors a Federal Building's Energy-Efficient Retrofit  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 4 Hammer Award Honors a Federal Building's Energy-Efficient Retrofit Figure 1: Each floor of the 21-story Phillip Burton Federal Office Building in San Francisco is more than 60,000 square feet. The lighting controls testbed occupies the third, fourth and fifth floors. Vice President Al Gore's National Performance Review has given a Hammer Award to a team of private and public entities, including several Center researchers. The team is working to turn San Francisco's Federal Building at 450 Golden Gate Avenue into a showcase of energy-efficient technologies that could cut the federal government's annual energy bill by a billion dollars. The Hammer Award recognizes teams of federal, state, and local employees and private citizens who have made government more efficient and

242

Variable Speed Fan Retrofits for Computer Room Air Conditioners  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Variable-Speed Fan Variable-Speed Fan Retrofits for Computer-Room Air Conditioners Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy Federal Energy Management Program Technology Case Study Bulletin By Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Steve Greenberg September 2013 2 Contacts Steve Greenberg Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory One Cyclotron Road, 90R3111 Berkeley, California 94720 (510) 486-6971 segreenberg@lbl.gov For more information on FEMP, please contact: Will Lintner, P.E., CEM Federal Energy Management Program U.S. Department of Energy 1000 Independence Ave. S.W. Washington, D. C. 20585-0121 (202) 586-3120 william.lintner@ee.doe.gov 3 Acknowledgements EPRI: Dennis Symanski, Brian Fortenbery Synapsense: Garret Smith, Patricia Nealon Vigilent: Corinne Vita

243

Distribution and Room Air Mixing Risks to Retrofitted Homes  

SciTech Connect

?Energy efficiency upgrades reduce heating and cooling loads on a house. With enough load reduction and if the HVAC system warrants replacement, the HVAC system is often upgraded with a more efficient, lower capacity system that meets the loads of the upgraded house. For a single-story house with ceiling supply air diffusers, ducts are often removed and upgraded. For houses with ducts that are embedded in walls, the cost of demolition precludes the replacement of ducts. The challenge with the use of existing ducts is that the reduced airflow creates a decreased throw at the supply registers, and the supply air and room air do not mix well, leading to potential thermal comfort complaints. This project investigates this retrofit scenario. The issues and solutions discussed here are relevant to all climate zones, with emphasis on climates that require cooling.

Burdick, A.

2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Optimal Reliable Retrofit Design of Multiproduct Batch Plants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The problem of the retrofit design of a multiproduct batch plant arises, for example, when new production targets and market selling prices are specified for one or more products or when there is a need to improve the overall effectiveness of the existing plant by improving its reliability and maintainability characteristics. ... Given (i) a new production target, selling price, unit cycle times, and size factors for each product; (ii) the existing plant configuration, including the size, cost, reliability, and maintainability data for existing units; and (iii) the number, size, reliability, and maintenance characteristics and costs of new equipment available, determine (i) the net expected profit and the revised plant configuration, (ii) the method of grouping parallel units and various processing parameters for each production campaign, and (iii) the optimal inherent availability for selected new equipment. ... Moreover, they express their deep appreciation for the stimulating mix of wit, insight, and creativity that Art always brought to Delft. ...

Harish D. Goel; Margot P. C. Weijnen; Johan Grievink

2004-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

245

Advanced Rooftop Control (ARC) Retrofit: Field-Test Results  

SciTech Connect

The multi-year research study was initiated to find solutions to improve packaged equipment operating efficiency in the field. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), with funding from the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Building Technologies Office (BTO) and Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) conducted this research, development and demonstration (RD&D) study. Packaged equipment with constant speed supply fans is designed to provide ventilation at the design rate at all times when the fan is operating as required by building code. Although there are a number of hours during the day when a building may not be fully occupied or the need for ventilation is lower than designed, the ventilation rate cannot be adjusted easily with a constant speed fan. Therefore, modulating the supply fan in conjunction with demand controlled ventilation (DCV) will not only reduce the coil energy but also reduce the fan energy. The objective of this multi-year research, development and demonstration project was to determine the magnitude of energy savings achievable by retrofitting existing packaged rooftop air conditioners with advanced control strategies not ordinarily used for packaged units. First, through detailed simulation analysis, it was shown that significant energy (between 24% and 35%) and cost savings (38%) from fan, cooling and heating energy consumption could be realized when packaged air conditioning units with gas furnaces are retrofitted with advanced control packages (combining multi-speed fan control, integrated economizer controls and DCV). The simulation analysis also showed significant savings for heat pumps (between 20% and 60%). The simulation analysis was followed by an extensive field test of a retrofittable advanced rooftop unit (RTU) controller.

Wang, Weimin; Katipamula, Srinivas; Ngo, Hung; Underhill, Ronald M.; Taasevigen, Danny J.; Lutes, Robert G.

2013-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

246

Indoor Air Quality and Ventilation in Residential Deep Energy Retrofits  

SciTech Connect

Because airtightening is a significant part of Deep Energy Retrofits (DERs), concerns about ventilation and Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) have emerged. To investigate this, ventilation and IAQ were assessed in 17 non-smoking California Deep Energy Retrofit homes. Inspections and surveys were used to assess household activities and ventilation systems. Pollutant sampling performed in 12 homes included six-day passive samples of nitrogen dioxide (NO2), formaldehyde and air exchange rate (AER); time-resolved data loggers were used to measure particle counts. Half of the homes provided continuous mechanical ventilation. Despite these homes being twice as airtight (3.0 and 7.6 ACH50, respectively), their median AER was indistinguishable from naturally vented homes (0.36 versus 0.37 hr--1). Numerous problems were found with ventilation systems; however, pollutant levels did not reach levels of concern in most homes. Ambient NO2 standards were exceeded in some gas cooking homes that used legacy ranges with standing pilots, and in Passive House-style homes without range hoods exhausted to outside. Cooking exhaust systems were installed and used inconsistently. The majority of homes reported using low-emitting materials, and formaldehyde levels were approximately half those in conventional new CA homes (19.7 versus 36 ?g/m3), with emissions rates nearly 40percent less (12.3 versus 20.6 ?g/m2/hr.). Presence of air filtration systems led to lower indoor particle number concentrations (PN>0.5: 8.80E+06 PN/m3 versus 2.99E+06; PN>2.5: 5.46E+0.5 PN/m3 versus 2.59E+05). The results indicate that DERs can provide adequate ventilation and IAQ, and that DERs should prioritize source control, particle filtration and well-designed local exhaust systems, while still providing adequate continuous ventilation.

Less, Brennan; Walker, Iain

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

DOE to Fund up to $454 Million for Retrofit Ramp-Ups in Energy Efficiency |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

to Fund up to $454 Million for Retrofit Ramp-Ups in Energy to Fund up to $454 Million for Retrofit Ramp-Ups in Energy Efficiency DOE to Fund up to $454 Million for Retrofit Ramp-Ups in Energy Efficiency September 14, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Secretary of Energy Steven Chu today announced a new $450 million program designed to catalyze a nationwide energy upgrade that experts estimate could save $100 million annually in utility bills for households and businesses. The Recovery Act's "Retrofit Ramp-Up" program will pioneer innovative models for rolling out energy efficiency to hundreds of thousands of homes and businesses in a variety of communities. Much like past roll-outs for cable TV or the Internet, DOE intends to create models that, when undertaken nationally, will save consumers billions of dollars on their utility bills and make the huge

248

Focus Series: Program Finds Community “Readiness” Is the Key to More Retrofits  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Focus Series: Program Finds Community “Readiness” Is the Key to More Retrofits, a document posted by the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE’S) Better Buildings Neighborhood Program.

249

Retrofit and Testing of a Pre-Turbo, Diesel Oxidation Catalyst...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Retrofit and Testing of a Pre-Turbo, Diesel Oxidation Catalyst on a Tier 0, SD60M Freight Locomotive Achieving Over 50% PM Reduction Don Newburry Research & Development Manager...

250

Building America Expert Meeting: Interior Insulation Retrofit of Mass Masonry Wall Assemblies  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The Building Science Consortium held an Expert Meeting on Interior Insulation Retrofit of Mass Masonry Wall Assemblies on July 30, 2011 at the Westford Regency Hotel in Westford, MA. T

251

Assessing methods for predicting retrofit energy savings in buildings : case study of a Norwegian school  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This work investigates methods for predicting retrofit energy savings in existing Norwegian buildings. A case study is performed on a 30 year old primary school in Trondheim, Norway. The energy consumption in the school ...

Ricker, Elizabeth, S.M. (Elizabeth Ann). Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Analysis Methodology for Large Organizations' Investments in Energy Retrofit of Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents a formal methodology that supports large organizations' investments in energy retrofit of buildings. The methodology is a scalable modeling approach based on normative models and Bayesian calibration. Normative models are a light...

Heo, Y.; Augenbroe, G.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Using the Street and Parking Facility Lighting Retrofit Financial Analysis Tool  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This August 22, 2013 webinar provided a guided walk-through of the Street and Parking Facility Lighting Retrofit Financial Analysis Tool. Developed by a partnership of the DOE Municipal Solid-State...

254

Webcast: Municipal Solid-State Street Lighting Consortium Retrofit Financial Analysis Tool  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This April 3, 2012 webcast presented information about the Retrofit Financial Analysis Tool developed by DOE"s Municipal Solid-State Street Lighting Consortium. Doug Elliott of Pacific Northwest...

255

Seismic Assessment and Retrofit of Existing Multi-Column Bent Bridges  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Seismic Assessment and Retrofit of Existing Multi-Column Bent Bridges By Cole C. Mc ................................................................................................................................... 6 Seismic Activity in Western Washington State Approach ­ Bridge Modeling .............................................11 Seismic Excitations

256

Building America Webinar: Standardized Retrofit Packages — What Works to Meet Consistent Levels of Performance?  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This webinar will focus on specific Building America projects that have examined methods to consistently meet high levels of energy performance in existing homes, with a focus on retrofit packages that can be replicated across many homes.

257

Trial Demonstration of Area Lighting Retrofit: Yuma Border Patrol, Yuma Arizona  

SciTech Connect

The Yuma Sector Border Patrol Area is a high flux lighting application in a high temperature environment, presenting a formidable challenge for light-emitting diodes (LEDs). This retrofit is an Energy Savings Performance Contract ENABLE project under the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Federal Energy Management Program. If high flux LED technology performs well in a region with high ambient temperature and solar radiation, it can perform well in most outdoor environments. The design process for the Yuma retrofit has already provided valuable knowledge to CBP and DOE. The LED lighting system selected for the retrofit is expected to reduce energy consumption 69% compared to the incumbent quartz metal halide (QMH) lighting system. If the LED lighting system is installed, GATEWAY will continue to document and disseminate information regarding the installation and long-term performance so that others may also gain valuable knowledge from the Yuma Sector Border Patrol Area lighting retrofit.

Wilkerson, Andrea M.; McCullough, Jeffrey J.

2014-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

258

State Energy Program (SEP) Strengthening Building Retrofit Markets and Stimulating Energy Efficiency Action  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) presentation on State Energy Program (SEP) Strengthening Building Retrofit Markets and Stimulating Energy Efficiency Action DE-FOA-0000251, Stimulating Energy Efficiency Action from State Public Utility Commissions DE-FOA-0000266

259

National Residential Efficiency Measures Database Aimed at Reducing Risk for Residential Retrofit Industry (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

This technical highlight describes NREL research to develop a publicly available database of energy retrofit measures containing performance characteristics and cost estimates for nearly 3,000 measures. Researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) have developed the National Residential Efficiency Measures Database, a public database that characterizes the performance and costs of common residential energy efficiency measures. The data are available for use in software programs that evaluate cost-effective retrofit measures to improve the energy efficiency of residential buildings. The database provides a single, consistent source of current data for DOE and private-sector energy audit and simulation software tools and the retrofit industry. The database will reduce risk for residential retrofit industry stakeholders by providing a central, publicly vetted source of up-to-date information.

Not Available

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

260

State-of-the-Art Thermal Energy Storage Retrofit at a Large Manufacturing Facility  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper will describe the existing conditions, strategic planning, feasibility study, economic analysis, design, specification, construction, and project management for the 2.9 megawatt “full shift” chilled water thermal energy storage retrofit...

Fiorino, D.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retrofit candidate behavioral" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Strategies and Challenges for Energy Efficient Retrofitting: Study of the Empire State Building  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The double glazed windows of SHGC 0.61 retrofitted on site as super- ... and South windows is SC 75 type (SHGC 0.27) and in the North windows, TC 88 film (SHGC 0.36) used.

B. De; M. Mukherjee

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

An Overview of Measured Energy Retrofit Savings Methodologies Developed in the Texas LoanSTAR Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Development of methodologies to determine energy retrofit savings in commercial buildings (institutional buildings, schools, hospitals, offices, county and state buildings,...) has been the object of active research during the last 5 years...

Reddy, T. A.; Kissock, J. K.; Katipamula, S.; Ruch, D. K.; Claridge, D. E.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

JOURNAL OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING / SEPTEMBER 2000 / 1017 SEISMIC RETROFITTING OF LOW-RISE MASONRY AND CONCRETE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the architectural aesthetics of the building. Hence, an alternative method of retrofitting is worth considering Hall, Dept. of Civ., Struct., and Envir. Engrg., State Univ. of New York, Buffalo, NY 14260. E

Bruneau, Michel

264

Cost Savings and Energy Reduction: Bi-Level Lighting Retrofits in Multifamily Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Community Environmental Center implements Bi- Level Lighting fixtures as a component of cost-effective multifamily retrofits. These systems achieve substantial energy savings by automatically reducing lighting levels when common areas are unoccupied...

Ackley, J.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

A Bin Method for Calculating Energy Conservation Retrofit Savings in Commercial Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

retrofits to HVAC systems in the LoanSTAR program have been proposed, including linear and change-point linear empirical models and calibrated simulation models. Simple least squares linear regression is easiest to use and understand, but is incapable...

Thamilseran, S.; Haberl, J. S.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

A methodology to assess energy-demand savings and cost effectiveness of retrofitting in existing Swedish residential buildings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Swedish residential buildings are typically retrofitted on a case-by-case basis. Large numbers of building consultants are involved in the decision-making, and stakeholders find it difficult to quantify the sustainable profits from retrofits and to make an efficient selection of the optimal alternative. The present paper presents an approach to design and assess energy-demand retrofitting scenarios. This aims to contribute to retrofitting decision-making regarding the main archetypes of existing Swedish residential buildings and to the evaluation of their long-term cost effectiveness. The approach combines energy-demand modeling and retrofit option rankings with life-cycle cost analysis (LCCA). Four types of typical Swedish residential buildings are used to demonstrate the model. Retrofits in the archetypes are defined, analyzed and ranked to indicate the long-term energy savings and economic profits. The model indicates that the energy saving potential of retrofitting is 36–54% in the archetypes. However, retrofits with the largest energy-saving potential are not always the most cost effective. The long-term profits of retrofitting are largely dominated by the building types. The finding can contribute to the standardization of future retrofitting designs on municipality scale in Sweden.

Qian Wang; Sture Holmberg

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Calculating Energy and Demand Retrofit Savings for Victoria High School: Interim Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ESL-TR-92/12-03 Calculating Energy and Demand Retrofit Savings For Victoria High School Yue Liu, T. Agami Reddy, S. Katipamula and David E. Claridge. Interim Report Energy Systems Laboratory Texas A&M University College Station, TX 77843 December... 1992 Calculating Energy and Demand Retrofit Savings For Victoria High School Yue Liu, T. Agami Reddy, S. Katipamula and David E. Claridge. Interim Report Energy Systems Laboratory Texas A&M University College Station, TX 77843 December 1992 Abstract...

Liu, Y.; Reddy, T. A.; Katipamula, S.; Claridge, D. E.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Retrofit Options for Increasing Energy Efficiency in Office Buildings- Methodology Review  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RETROFIT OPTIONS FOR INCREASING ENERGY EFFICIENCY IN OFFICE BUILDINGS - METHODOLOGY REVIEW Nuno Cl?maco Pereira MIT|Portugal Program, Sustainable Energy Systems Ph.D. Student Instituto Superior T?cnico, Universidade T?cnica de Lisboa Lisboa... technical framework, where existing technologies and best case-studies can be considered, in order to drive passive measures retrofitting forward. This paper presents an overview of a methodology development which pretends to include the energy component...

Pereira, N. C.

269

Multifamily Retrofit Project Manager Job/Task Analysis and Report: September 2013  

SciTech Connect

The development of job/task analyses (JTAs) is one of three components of the Guidelines for Home Energy Professionals project and will allow industry to develop training resources, quality assurance protocols, accredited training programs, and professional certifications. The Multifamily Retrofit Project Manager JTA identifies and catalogs all of the tasks performed by multifamily retrofit project managers, as well as the knowledge, skills, and abilities (KSAs) needed to perform the identified tasks.

Owens, C. M.

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Development of a Web-based Emissions Reduction Calculator for Street Light and Traffic Light Retrofits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DEVELOPMENT OF A WEB-BASED, EMISSIONS REDUCTION CALCULATOR FOR STREET LIGHT AND TRAFFIC LIGHT RETROFITS Zi Liu, Ph.D. Research Engineer Jeff S. Haberl, Ph.D., P.E. Professor/Assc. Director Don Gilman, P..., street lights and traffic lights represent one of the largest categories of electricity used by a city. By retrofitting the street lights with energy efficient lamps such as high pressure sodium and metal halide and traffic lights with light...

Liu, Z.; Gilman, D.; Haberl, J. S.; Culp, C.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Evaluation of a Multifamily Retrofit in Climate Zone 5, Boulder, Colorado (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

In 2009, a 37-unit apartment complex located in Boulder, Colorado, underwent an energy retrofit to comply with Boulder SmartRegs Ordinance, a mandate that requires all rental properties to meet certain energy efficiency standards by 2018. The Consortium of Advanced Residential Buildings (CARB), a U.S. Department of Energy Building America team, worked with city planners and building owners to evaluate this program and recently completed a case study evaluating the effectiveness of a collection of retrofit measures.

Not Available

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Case study field evaluation of a systems approach to retrofitting a residential HVAC system  

SciTech Connect

This case study focusing on a residence in northern California was undertaken as a demonstration of the potential of a systems approach to HVAC retrofits. The systems approach means that other retrofits that can affect the HVAC system are also considered. For example, added building envelope insulation reduces building loads so that smaller capacity HVAC system can be used. Secondly, we wanted to examine the practical issues and interactions with contractors and code officials required to accomplish the systems approach because it represents a departure from current practice. We identified problems in the processes of communication and installation of the retrofit that led to compromises in the final energy efficiency of the HVAC system. These issues must be overcome in order for HVAC retrofits to deliver the increased performance that they promise. The experience gained in this case study was used to optimize best practices guidelines for contractors (Walker 2003) that include building diagnostics and checklists as tools to assist in ensuring the energy efficiency of ''house as a system'' HVAC retrofits. The best practices guidelines proved to be an excellent tool for evaluating the eight existing homes in this study, and we received positive feedback from many potential users who reviewed and used them. In addition, we were able to substantially improve the energy efficiency of the retrofitted case study house by adding envelope insulation, a more efficient furnace and air conditioner, an economizer and by reducing duct leakage.

Walker, Iain S.; McWiliams, Jennifer A.; Konopacki, Steven J.

2003-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Highly Efficient Small Form Factor LED Retrofit Lamp  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes work to develop a high efficiency LED-based MR16 lamp downlight at OSRAM SYLVANIA under US Department of Energy contract DE-EE0000611. A new multichip LED package, electronic driver, and reflector optic were developed for these lamps. At steady-state, the lamp luminous flux was 409 lumens (lm), luminous efficacy of 87 lumens per watt (LPW), CRI (Ra) of 87, and R9 of 85 at a correlated color temperature (CCT) of 3285K. The LED alone achieved 120 lumens per watt efficacy and 600 lumen flux output at 25 C. The driver had 90% electrical conversion efficiency while maintaining excellent power quality with power factor >0.90 at a power of only 5 watts. Compared to similar existing MR16 lamps using LED sources, these lamps had much higher efficacy and color quality. The objective of this work was to demonstrate a LED-based MR16 retrofit lamp for replacement of 35W halogen MR16 lamps having (1) luminous flux of 500 lumens, (2) luminous efficacy of 100 lumens per watt, (3) beam angle less than 40{sup o} and center beam candlepower of at least 1000 candelas, and (4) excellent color quality.

Steven Allen; Fred Palmer; Ming Li

2011-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

274

Public Housing: A Tailored Approach to Energy Retrofits  

SciTech Connect

Over one million HUD-supported public housing units provide rental housing for eligible low-income families across the country. A survey of over 100 PHAs across the country indicated that there is a high level of interest in developing low cost solutions that improve energy efficiency and can be seamlessly included in the refurbishment process. Further, PHAs, have incentives (both internal and external) to reduce utility bills. ARIES worked with two public housing authorities (PHAs) to develop packages of energy efficiency retrofit measures the PHAs can cost effectively implement with their own staffs in the normal course of housing operations at the time when units are refurbished between occupancies. The energy efficiency turnover protocols emphasized air infiltration reduction, duct sealing and measures that improve equipment efficiency. ARIES documented implementation in ten housing units. Reductions in average air leakage were 16-20% and duct leakage reductions averaged 38%. Total source energy consumption savings was estimated at 6-10% based on BEopt modeling with a simple payback of 1.7 to 2.2 years. Implementation challenges were encountered mainly related to required operational changes and budgetary constraints. Nevertheless, simple measures can feasibly be accomplished by PHA staff at low or no cost. At typical housing unit turnover rates, these measures could impact hundreds of thousands of unit per year nationally.

Dentz, J.; Conlin, F.; Podorson, D.; Alaigh, K.

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Carbon capture retrofits and the cost of regulatory uncertainty  

SciTech Connect

Power generation firms confront impending replacement of an aging coal-fired fleet in a business environment characterized by volatile natural gas prices and uncertain carbon regulation. We develop a stochastic dynamic programming model of firm investment decisions that minimizes the expected present value of future power generation costs under uncertain natural gas and carbon prices. We explore the implications of regulatory uncertainty on generation technology choice and the optimal timing of investment, and assess the implications of these choices for regulators. We find that interaction of regulatory uncertainty with irreversible investment always raises the social cost of carbon abatement. Further, the social cost of regulatory uncertainty is strongly dependent on the relative competitiveness of IGCC plants, for which the cost of later carbon capture retrofits is comparatively small, and on the firm's ability to use investments in natural gas generation as a transitional strategy to manage carbon regulation uncertainty. Without highly competitive IGCC or low gas prices, regulatory uncertainty can increase the expected social cost of reducing emissions by 40 to 60%.

Reinelt, P.S.; Keith, D.W. [SUNY College of Fredonia, Fredonia, NY (United States). Dept. of Economics

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Building America Whole-House Solutions for Existing Homes: Group Home Energy Efficiency Retrofit for 30% Energy Savings (Fact Sheet)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This project studies the specification, implementation, and energy savings from an energy efficiency retrofit in a group home, with an energy savings goal of 30%.

277

A Meta-Analysis of Single-Family Deep Energy Retrofit Performance in the U.S.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy cost savings, when the PV production for the home and electric carelectric car. This phased retrofit demonstrates how a home, family, and energy

Less, Brennan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Building America Case Study: Performance of a Hot-Dry Climate Whole House Retrofit, Stockton, California (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

The Stockton house retrofit is a two-story tudor style single family deep retrofit in the hot-dry climate of Stockton, CA. The home is representative of a deep retrofit option of the scaled home energy upgrade packages offered to targeted neighborhoods under the pilot Large-Scale Retrofit Program (LSRP) administered by the Alliance for Residential Building Innovation (ARBI). Deep retrofit packages expand on the standard package by adding HVAC, water heater and window upgrades to the ducting, attic and floor insulation, domestic hot water insulation, envelope sealing, lighting and ventilation upgrades. Site energy savings with the deep retrofit were 23% compared to the pre-retrofit case, and 15% higher than the savings estimated for the standard retrofit package. Energy savings were largely a result of the water heater upgrade, and a combination of the envelope sealing, insulation and HVAC upgrade. The HVAC system was of higher efficiency than the building code standard. Overall the financed retrofit would have been more cost effective had a less expensive HVAC system been selected and barriers to wall insulation remedied. The homeowner experienced improved comfort throughout the monitored period and was satisfied with the resulting utility bill savings.

ARBI

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Cost-Effective Wall Retrofit Solution for the Interior Side of Building's Exterior Wall that Supports a Phased Retrofit Cost Model- 2014 BTO Peer Review  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presenter: Amy Wylie, Bayer MaterialScience/Penn State Consortium In order to achieve the required airtight envelope, commercial buildings with masonry facades in Climate Zones 4 and 5 are faced with the decision between vapor-permeable or impermeable insulation, as well as whether retrofits are needed to implement continuous insulation instead of conventional discontinuous insulation.

280

Air Leakage of US Homes: Regression Analysis and Improvements from Retrofit  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Leakage of US Homes: Regression Analysis and Improvements from Retrofit Leakage of US Homes: Regression Analysis and Improvements from Retrofit Title Air Leakage of US Homes: Regression Analysis and Improvements from Retrofit Publication Type Report LBNL Report Number LBNL-5966E Year of Publication 2012 Authors Chan, Wanyu R., Jeffrey Joh, and Max H. Sherman Date Published 08/2012 Keywords air infiltration, blower door, fan pressurization measurements, retrofit, weatherization Abstract LBNL Residential Diagnostics Database (ResDB) contains blower door measurements and other diagnostic test results of homes in United States. Of these, approximately 134,000 single-family detached homes have sufficient information for the analysis of air leakage in relation to a number of housing characteristics. We performed regression analysis to consider the correlation between normalized leakage and a number of explanatory variables: IECC climate zone, floor area, height, year built, foundation type, duct location, and other characteristics. The regression model explains 68% of the observed variability in normalized leakage. ResDB also contains the before and after retrofit air leakage measurements of approximately 23,000 homes that participated in weatherization assistant programs (WAPs) or residential energy efficiency programs. The two types of programs achieve rather similar reductions in normalized leakage: 30% for WAPs and 20% for other energy programs.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retrofit candidate behavioral" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Integrating requirement analysis and multi-objective optimization for office building energy retrofit strategies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The existing office building stock is a key target for energy retrofits to substantially reduce adverse impacts on the environment, human health, and the economy. Success of an energy retrofit project is tied with the assessment and selection of energy efficiency measures that can satisfy stakeholders’ diverse, and often conflicting requirements. The current study establishes a model-based method to support design teams in making informed multi-criteria decisions for energy-efficiency solutions at the early design stage. The key feature of the hybrid framework is the integration of an analysis procedure carried out by a design team and a numerical procedure of optimization carried out by computer. Such an interaction is necessary as building design and retrofit requires many qualitative aspects that require human judgment. In contrast to previous approaches, this study provides a basis for embedding multi-objective optimization into the decision making on energy retrofit solutions, which considers the important role of stakeholders by carrying out the analysis procedure. An office building in Germany needing an energy retrofit serves as a case study to demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed model.

Yunming Shao; Philipp Geyer; Werner Lang

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Measuring energy-saving retrofits: Experiences from the Texas LoanSTAR program  

SciTech Connect

In 1988 the Governor`s Energy Management Center of Texas received approval from the US Department of Energy to establish a $98.6 million state-wide retrofit demonstration revolving loan program to fund energy-conserving retrofits in state, public school, and local government buildings. As part of this program, a first-of-its-kind, statewide Monitoring and Analysis Program (MAP) was established to verify energy and dollar savings of the retrofits, reduce energy costs by identifying operational and maintenance improvements, improve retrofit selection in future rounds of the LoanSTAR program, and initiate a data base of energy use in institutional and commercial buildings located in Texas. This report discusses the LoanSTAR MAP with an emphasis on the process of acquiring and analyzing data to measure savings from energy conservation retrofits when budgets are a constraint. This report includes a discussion of the program structure, basic measurement techniques, data archiving and handling, data reporting and analysis, and includes selected examples from LoanSTAR agencies. A summary of the program results for the first two years of monitoring is also included.

Haberl, J.S.; Reddy, T.A.; Claridge, D.E.; Turner, W.D.; O`Neal, D.L.; Heffington, W.M. [Texas A and M Univ., College Station, TX (United States). Energy Systems Lab.] [Texas A and M Univ., College Station, TX (United States). Energy Systems Lab.

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Bay Ridge Gardens - Mixed-Humid Affordable Multifamily Housing Deep Energy Retrofit  

SciTech Connect

Under this project, Newport Partners (as part of the BA-PIRC research team) evaluated the installation, measured performance, and cost-effectiveness of efficiency upgrade measures for a tenant-in-place DER at the Bay Ridge multifamily (MF) development in Annapolis, Maryland. The design and construction phase of the Bay Ridge project was completed in August 2012. This report summarizes system commissioning, short-term test results, utility bill data analysis, and analysis of real-time data collected over a one-year period after the retrofit was complete. The Bay Ridge project is comprised of a 'base scope' retrofit which was estimated to achieve a 30%+ savings (relative to pre-retrofit) on 186 apartments, and a 'DER scope' which was estimated to achieve 50% savings (relative to pre-retrofit) on a 12-unit building. The base scope was applied to the entire apartment complex, except for one 12-unit building which underwent the DER scope. A wide range of efficiency measures was applied to pursue this savings target for the DER building, including improvements/replacements of mechanical equipment and distribution systems, appliances, lighting and lighting controls, the building envelope, hot water conservation measures, and resident education. The results of this research build upon the current body of knowledge of multifamily retrofits. Towards this end, the research team has collected and generated data on the selection of measures, their estimated performance, their measured performance, and risk factors and their impact on potential measures.

Lyons, J.; Moore, M.; Thompson, M.

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Building America Whole-House Solutions for Existing Homes: Pilot Demonstration of Phased Retrofits in Florida Homes- Central and South Florida (Fact Sheet)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

In this project, the Florida Solar Energy Center and Florida Power and Light are collaborating to retrofit a large number of homes using a phased approach to both simple and deep retrofits.

285

EnergySmart Schools Tips: Retrofitting, Operating, and Maintaining Existing Buildings  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EnergySmart Schools EnergySmart Schools EnergySmart Schools Tips: Retrofitting, Operating, and Maintaining Existing Buildings Quick wins and long-term facility management strategies that pay for themselves and result in energy savings Typical School Energy Use Distribution (varies by climate zone) 30% Lighting Cooling Space Heating Water Heating Other 23% 30% 10% 7% Combining preventative operations and maintenance (O&M) with strategic retrofitting of building systems improves a school's energy performance. For schools with limited resources and experience, "quick wins" in O&M and retrofitting provide a valuable starting point to energy management. As a next step, strategically prioritizing long- and short-term measures produces overall returns on investment. Please refer to the

286

Study of Multifamily Energy Retrofit Using Flexible Multizone Building Simulation Model  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Study of Multifamily Study of Multifamily Energy Retrofit using Flexible, Multizone Building Simulation Model Piljae Im, Ph.D. Mini Malhotra, Ph.D. R&D Staff Oak Ridge National Laboratory Presented at Building America Technical Update Meeting April 29-30, 2013 Outline * Multifamily Energy Audit Tool - Background - Needs for MF Audit Tool - Existing MF Tools - Modeling Approach - Development Status * Case Study - Background - Pre/Post Retrofit Building characteristics - Whole Building Energy Analysis * Summary Managed by UT-Battelle for the U.S. Department of Energy Study of Multifamily Energy Retrofit using Flexible, Multizone Building Simulation Model 2 Background * New MF Building Energy Audit Tool sponsored by U.S. DOE * Collaboration of ORNL and LBNL * National web-based

287

NETL: CCPI - TOXECON Retrofit for Mercury and Multi-Pollutant Control on  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Environmental Control Devices - Multi-Pollutant Control Technologies Environmental Control Devices - Multi-Pollutant Control Technologies TOXECON Retrofit for Mercury and Multi-Pollutant Control on Three 90 MW Coal-Fired Boilers - Project Brief [PDF-63KB] Wisconsin Electric Power Company, Marquette, Michigan PROJECT FACT SHEET TOXECON Retrofit for Mercury and Multi-Pollutant Control on Three 90 MW Coal-Fired Boilers [PDF-761KB] (May 2011) PROGRAM PUBLICATIONS Final Report TOXECON Retrofit for Mercury and Multi-Pollutant Control on Three 90 MW Coal-Fired Boilers Final Report [PDF-113MB] (Apr 2004 - Sept 2009) Quarterly Progress Reports January - March 2009 [PDF-970KB] (Apr 2009) October -December 2008 [PDF-3MB] (Jan 2009) July - September 2008 [PDF-630KB] (Oct 2008) April - June 2008 [PDF-1.5MB] (July 2008) January - March 2008 [PDF-610KB] (Apr 2008)

288

Technical and economic comparison of steam-injected versus combined- cycle retrofits on FT-4 engines  

SciTech Connect

The study discusses the findings of a conceptual site-specific investigation of the technical and economic aspects of converting the TPM FT4 simple cycle combustion turbines into either the steam injected gas turbine (SIGT) cycle or the combined cycle (CC). It describes the selection of the best retrofit alternatives through the evaluation and data analysis of a large number of sites and units at two utilities. Conceptual designs are performed on the best retrofit alternatives. Flow diagrams and general arrangement drawings are developed for various configurations utilizing drum type and once-through type multipressure heat recovery steam generators. Auxiliary power consumption and capital cost estimates are presented together with an economic evaluation and comparison of the retrofit alternatives. While the investigation is performed utilizing the FT4 combustion turbines, the steps presented in the report may be used as a guide for investigating the conversion of other gas turbines to either cycle at any utility site.

Silaghy, F.J. (Burns and Roe, Inc., Oradell, NJ (United States))

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

NASA Ames Saves Energy and Reduces Project Costs with Non-Invasive Retrofit Technologies  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

NASA Ames Saves Energy and Reduces Project Costs NASA Ames Saves Energy and Reduces Project Costs with Non-Invasive Retrofit Technologies The Wireless Pneumatic Thermostat Enables Energy Efficiency Strategies, Ongoing Commissioning and Improved Operational Control Harry Sim CEO Cypress Envirosystems harry.sim@cypressenvirosystems.com www.cypressenvirosystems.com NASA Ames Reduced Project Cost by Over 80% with Non-Invasive Retrofit Technologies * Legacy Pneumatic Thermostats  Waste energy  High maintenance costs  Uncomfortable occupants  No visibility * Project Scope  14 buildings  1,370 pneumatic thermostats  Integration with campus BAS  Diagnostics for ongoing commissioning * Traditional DDC Retrofit  Cost over $4.1 million  Asbestos exposure/abatement  Occupants significantly disrupted

291

The evaluation of a 4000-home geothermal heat pump retrofit at Fort Polk, Louisiana: Final Report  

SciTech Connect

This report documents an independent evaluation of an energy retrofit of 4,003 family housing units at Fort Polk, Louisiana, under an energy savings performance contract (ESPC). Replacement of the heating, cooling, and water heating systems in these housing units with geothermal heat pumps (GHPs) anchored the retrofit; low-flow shower heads and compact fluorescent lighting were also installed, as well as attic insulation where needed. Statistically valid findings indicate that the project will save 25.8 million kWh, or 32.5% of the pre-retrofit whole-community electrical consumption, and 100% of the whole-community natural gas previously used for space conditioning and water heating (260,000 therms) in a typical meteorological year. At the end-use level, the GHPs were found to save about 42% of the pre-retrofit electrical consumption for heating, cooling, and water heating in housing units that were all-electric in the pre-retrofit period. This report also demonstrates an improved method of predicting energy savings. Using an engineering model calibrated to pre-retrofit energy use data collected in the field, the method predicted actual energy savings on one of the electric feeders at Fort Polk with a very high degree of accuracy. The accuracy of this model was in turn dependent on data-calibrated models of the geothermal heat pump and ground heat exchanger that are described in this report. In addition this report documents the status of vertical borehole ground heat exchanger (BHEx) design methods at the time this project was designed, and demonstrates methods of using data collected from operating GHP systems to benchmark BHEx design methods against a detailed engineering model calibrated to date. The authors also discuss the ESPC`s structure and implementation and how the experience gained here can contribute to the success of future ESPCs.

Hughes, P.J.; Shonder, J.A.

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Data and Analytics to Inform Energy Retrofit of High Performance Buildings  

SciTech Connect

Buildings consume more than one-third of the world?s primary energy. Reducing energy use in buildings with energy efficient technologies is feasible and also driven by energy policies such as energy benchmarking, disclosure, rating, and labeling in both the developed and developing countries. Current energy retrofits focus on the existing building stocks, especially older buildings, but the growing number of new high performance buildings built around the world raises a question that how these buildings perform and whether there are retrofit opportunities to further reduce their energy use. This is a new and unique problem for the building industry. Traditional energy audit or analysis methods are inadequate to look deep into the energy use of the high performance buildings. This study aims to tackle this problem with a new holistic approach powered by building performance data and analytics. First, three types of measured data are introduced, including the time series energy use, building systems operating conditions, and indoor and outdoor environmental parameters. An energy data model based on the ISO Standard 12655 is used to represent the energy use in buildings in a three-level hierarchy. Secondly, a suite of analytics were proposed to analyze energy use and to identify retrofit measures for high performance buildings. The data-driven analytics are based on monitored data at short time intervals, and cover three levels of analysis ? energy profiling, benchmarking and diagnostics. Thirdly, the analytics were applied to a high performance building in California to analyze its energy use and identify retrofit opportunities, including: (1) analyzing patterns of major energy end-use categories at various time scales, (2) benchmarking the whole building total energy use as well as major end-uses against its peers, (3) benchmarking the power usage effectiveness for the data center, which is the largest electricity consumer in this building, and (4) diagnosing HVAC equipment using detailed time-series operating data. Finally, a few energy efficiency measures were identified for retrofit, and their energy savings were estimated to be 20percent of the whole-building electricity consumption. Based on the analyses, the building manager took a few steps to improve the operation of fans, chillers, and data centers, which will lead to actual energy savings. This study demonstrated that there are energy retrofit opportunities for high performance buildings and detailed measured building performance data and analytics can help identify and estimate energy savings and to inform the decision making during the retrofit process. Challenges of data collection and analytics were also discussed to shape best practice of retrofitting high performance buildings.

Hong , Tianzhen; Yang, Le; Hill, David; Feng , Wei

2014-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

293

Advanced Energy Retrofit Guide: Practical Ways to Improve Energy Performance; Grocery Stores (Revised) (Book)  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy developed the Advanced Energy Retrofit Guides (AERGs) to provide specific methodologies, information, and guidance to help energy managers and other stakeholders successfully plan and execute energy efficiency improvements. Detailed technical discussion is fairly limited in these guides. Instead, we emphasize actionable information, practical methodologies, diverse case studies, and unbiased evaluations of the most promising retrofit measures for each building type. A series of AERGs is under development, addressing key segments of the commercial building stock. Grocery stores were selected as one of the highest priority sectors, because they represent one of the most energy-intensive market segments.

Hendron, B.

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Creep-rupture and fractographic analysis of candidate stirling engine superalloys tested in air  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The creep-rupture behavior of six candidate Stirling engine iron-base superalloys was determined in air....1,2 In this paper, microstructural and fractographic aspects of the ruptured specimens are discussed, wit...

S. Bhattacharyya

1984-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Sustainable wall construction and exterior insulation retrofit technology process and structure  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A low-cost process for exterior wall insulation retrofit, or new wall construction by stacking layers of fabric tube filled with insulating material against a wall and covering them with mesh and stucco provides a durable structure with good insulating value.

Vohra, Arun (Bethesda, MD)

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Building America Expert Meeting: Retrofit Implementation- A Neighborhood at a Time  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This report provides information about a Building America expert meeting hosted by research team Consortium for Advanced Residential Buildings on October 25, 2011, in New York City. The meeting discussed several community residential retrofit projects underway across the United States, and included representatives from utilities, energy program implementation firms, affordable housing agencies, and the financing industry.

297

Light-RITE California The Lighting Retrofit Information, Training and Education program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to implementing best practices in California's public buildings Professor Michael Siminovitch (co-author with UC, CSC, CCC, CIEE, DGS) UC Davis Rosenfeld Chair in Energy Efficiency The Consortium of Public Building makers on the implementation of best practices for lighting retrofits. We need to quickly develop

California at Davis, University of

298

Review of selected recent research on US seismic design and retrofit  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY, USA 2 University of Texas Austin, Department of Civil Engineering, Austin, TX, USA 3 on research on retrofit of beam-to-column moment connections, frame modifications at beams' mid- span, self-centering systems, zipper frames, buckling-restrained braced frames, steel plate shear walls, plastic and rotation

Bruneau, Michel

299

Controlled Rocking System for Seismic Retrofit of Steel Truss Bridge Piers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Controlled Rocking System for Seismic Retrofit of Steel Truss Bridge Piers Michael Pollino1 and Michel Bruneau2 ABSTRACT In assessments of the seismic adequacy of existing steel bridges, the steel, especially for bridges deemed critical for response and recovery efforts following an earthquake. While

Bruneau, Michel

300

Review of Existing Energy Retrofit Sang Hoon Lee, Tianzhen Hong, Mary Ann Piette  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ERNEST ORLANDO LAWRENCE BERKELEY NATIONAL LABORATORY #12;Disclaimer This document was prepared Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory is an equal opportunity employer. Please cite this report as follows: Lee, S.H., Hong, T., Piette, M.A. Review of existing energy retrofit tools. Lawrence Berkeley

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retrofit candidate behavioral" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Advanced Critical Advanced Energy Retrofit Education and Training and Credentialing- 2014 BTO Peer Review  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presenter: David Riley, Penn State Targeting professionals, employers, and education program leaders in selected advanced energy retrofit (AER) project fields (including energy auditors, building operators, energy managers, and commissioning authorities), this project addresses the need for clearly defined competencies in critical fields supporting AER projects.

302

Building America Expert Meeting: Multifamily Hydronic and Steam Heating Controls and Distribution Retrofits  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This expert meeting was conducted on July 13, 2011 by the ARIES Collaborative in New York City. The topic of this expert meeting was cost-effective controls and distribution retrofit options for hot water and steam space heating systems in multi-family buildings with the goals of reducing energy waste and improving occupant comfort.

303

Sustainability constraints in techno-economic analysis of general lighting retrofits  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Several governmental programs seek the adoption of measures to promote energy efficiency through the substitution of old incadescent light bulbs by \\{CFLs\\} (compact fluorescent lamps). However, fluorescent lamps emit UV, pollute the environment with mercury and rare earths if disposed recklessly. These also present higher performance degradation levels, lower efficiency and shorter lifespans if compared to \\{LEDs\\} (light emitting diodes), which require higher initial investment. We advocate that retrofits shall have a broader scope, pursuing beyond the achievement of short term efficiency and profitability, but the long term sustainability. Thus, selecting which technology to use in a retrofit requires thorough feasibility study comparing alternatives. We propose a framework using equivalent annual costs (EAC) as a metric for comparing substitute technologies in lighting retrofits, considering sustainability constraints as reverse logistics, waste management, performance degradation, lifespan, luminous efficiency and energy prices. The results of a simulated general lighting retrofit comparing LED tubes, \\{CFLs\\} and fluorescent tubulars demonstrate CFL as the highest annual cost and toxic waste disposal in most scenarios, fluorescent tubular as the most economic alternative, but if their lifespans shorten, LED prices drop or achieve higher efficiency LED becomes the most sustainable and economically attractive alternative.

Fabrício P. Vahl; Lucila M.S. Campos; Nelson Casarotto Filho

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

RETROFIT: A SOFTWARE TO SOLVE OPTIMIZATION AND IDENTIFICATION PROBLEMS APPLIED TO BUILDING ENERGY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

under forecast weather or use conditions. Demand response strategies in smart grids consist in adjusting- els. ReTrofiT is first of all a simulation tool for evaluating building thermal behaviour can be obtained if the internal parameters of the model are calibrated using on-site measurements

Boyer, Edmond

305

IRS Parking Facility Lighting Retrofit Reduces Annual Energy Use by 76%  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Document provides an overview of how the IRS and MC Realty Group, its property management firm, achieved a 76% reduction in lighting energy use at an IRS facility parking garage in Kansas City, Missouri. The retrofit resulted in annual energy savings of 2 million kWh, annual cost savings of over $122,000, and a simple payback of 2.5 years.

306

Small Market Advanced Retrofit Transformation Program (SMART Scale) - 2014 BTO Peer Review  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presenter: Colin Clark, Ecology Action of Santa Cruz Ecology Action’s Small Market Advanced Retrofit Transformation (SMART Scale) program is a new technical, business, and implementation model for delivering energy efficiency measures in small (50,000 square feet or smaller) commercial buildings.

307

Energy retrofit of residential building envelopes in Israel: A cost-benefit analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract It is often taken for granted that thermal renovation of building envelopes not only conserves operational energy and reduces the environmental impact of generating electricity, but is also economically beneficial to the individual homeowner. While this may be true in cold climates, it may not necessarily be true in the case of Israel, most of which has a relatively mild Mediterranean climate but parts of which are hot and arid. This study, which sought to address this question, comprised two stages: a) Analysis of the direct economic benefits to the individual homeowner of different strategies for refurbishing the envelope of an existing building; and b) Examination of other (external) benefits to society arising from electricity conservation resulting from such retrofit. The analysis demonstrates that in Israel, given current electricity prices and building construction costs, insulating the roof is a cost-effective strategy – but the payback period is 15–30 years, making it unattractive to most homeowners. Insulating the external walls of a typical apartment results in electricity savings comparable to only one third of the retrofit cost, and is thus not economically viable. Accounting for the external benefits to society does make some marginal retrofits more attractive, but not sufficiently to justify most envelope retrofit options. This highlights the importance of adopting stringent standards for new construction, since the marginal cost of additional thermal insulation in new buildings is far lower than the cost of renovating them.

Chanoch Friedman; Nir Becker; Evyatar Erell

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

CANDIDATES’ ELECTION STATEMENTS AND BACKGROUNDS  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

TWO CANDIDATES will vie for the office of president-elect of the American Chemical Society for 2011 in this fall’s election. They are Luis A. Echegoyen, the Robert A. Welch Chair in Chemistry at the University of Texas, El Paso, and Bassam Z. ...

2010-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

309

Characterizing Test Methods and Emissions Reduction Performance of In-Use Diesel Retrofit Technologies from the National Clean Diesel Campaign  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Evaluation of in-use DPFs shows levels of reduction within in-use testing objectives: PM emission reductions >90%, elemental/black carbon reduction of ~99%, and retrofit durability.

310

ApRemodel: A Study of Non-Technical Innovation in Multi- Occupancy Sustainable Retrofit Housing Projects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The ApRemodel project is a study of multi-occupancy retrofit in the Finnish context. As part of the study a research project was commissioned to identify and compare innovative practice with regards to non-technical issues being addressed in retrofit projects being undertaken in the UK housing sector. Given that the examples were required to address a multi-occupancy scenario all of these cases come from the UK social housing sector, where the majority of multi-occupancy retrofit is being undertaken. Here we outline the cases that were reviewed, the innovations that were identified within them and the main initial findings. Keywords: Retrofit, case studies, social housing, innovation

Will Swan; Carl Abbott; Catherine Barlow

311

A Meta-Analysis of Single-Family Deep Energy Retrofit Performance in the U.S.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

To increase retrofit energy and cost reductions will requireHumid Marine All Relative Energy Cost Savings (%) Cold Hot-Mixed-Humid All Absolute Energy Cost Savings (Cost ($)/ft

Less, Brennan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Retrofitting of Conditioning Systems for Existing Small Commercial Buildings - Analysis and Design of Liquid Desiccant - Vapor Compression Hybrid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

RETROFITTING OF CONDITIONINC SYSTEMS FOR EXISTING SMALL COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS - ANALYSIS AND DESIGN OF LIQUID DESICCANT - VAPOR COMPRESSION HYBRID Ozer A. Arnas Professor Department of Mechanical Engineering Louisiana State University Baton... is combined with air heated passively in an attic to regenerate the desiccant. A prototype open-cycle, liquid desiccant dehumidification system has been adapted to the existing mechanical system of the building (Figure 1). Guidelines for retrofitting...

Arnas, O. A.; McQueen, T. M.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Tribological behavior of some candidate advanced space lubricants  

SciTech Connect

Performance of a variety of space lubricants was compared under boundary and elastohydrodynamic lubrication (EHL). The types of fluids studied were naphthenic mineral oil, paraffinic mineral oil, polyalphaolefin, and silahydrocarbon. The silahydrocarbon and the polyalphaolefin lubricants exhibited lower traction under similar conditions. A specific additive package increased the traction of the polyalphaolefin. Volatility characteristics of some of these fluids were also studied. 10 refs.

Sharma, S.K.; Snyder, C.E. Jr.; Gschwender, L.J. (USAF, Wright Lab., Wright-Patterson AFB, OH (United States))

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Expert Meeting Report: Interior Insulation Retrofit of Mass Masonry Wall Assemblies  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Interior Insulation Retrofit Interior Insulation Retrofit of Mass Masonry Wall Assemblies K. Ueno and R. Van Straaten Building Science Corporation (BSC) February 2012 ii NOTICE This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government. Neither the United States government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring

315

Building America Efficient Solutions for Existing Homes Case Study: Retrofit of 1915 Home, Dayton, Washington  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Built in 1915, this two-story, three-bedroom home with an unfinished Built in 1915, this two-story, three-bedroom home with an unfinished basement and 2,600 ft 2 of living space is typical of many older homes found in eastern Washington. Through the U.S. Department of Energy's Building America program, researchers from the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory worked with local energy rater Energy Incentives, Inc., to assist the home owners in cost-effectively reducing their energy use by over 50%. The researchers used Energy Gauge USA simulation software to model retrofit packages and predict the most cost-effective retrofit measures within the homeowner's budget. The presence of asbestos insulation on the boiler made it more cost- effective to pursue efficiency measures that left the boiler in place to avoid the additional costs of disposal. Major energy and cost savings

316

Building America Efficient Solutions for Existing Homes Case Study: Retrofit of 1915 Home, Dayton, Washington  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This case study lists project information, cost and energy efficiency performance data, energy efficiency measures and lessons learned for a 1915 home in eastern Washington audited by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory for an energy retrofit. The asbestos covered diesel boiler was left in place in the basement and a new SEER 16, HSPF 9.4 ductless heat pump with four inside heads was added to cut energy costs over $2,000/year.

317

CC® of Retrofitted, Renovated, and Rented Systems and Equipment in Utilities Plants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The 5 th International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations (ICEBO 2005) October 11-13, 2005, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania ESL-IC-10/05-21 1 CC ® of Retrofitted, Renovated, and Rented Systems and Equipment in Utilities Plants Chen Xu Qiang... Chen David E. Claridge W. Dan Turner Song Deng Energy Systems Laboratory Texas A&M University System KEYWORD Continuous Commissioning, Functional Performance Testing, Chillers, Boilers, Heating Hot water System ABSTRACT It is a common practice...

Xu, C.; Chen, Q.; Claridge, D. E.; Turner, W. D.; Deng, S.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Simulated Energy Savings Comparison Between Two Continuous Commissioning® Methods Applied to a Retrofitted Office Building  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The 8 th International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations (ICEBO 2008) October 20-22, 2008, Berlin, Germany Simulated Energy Savings Comparison Between Two Continuous Commissioning ? Methods Applied to a Retrofitted Office Building... and the cold and hot 1 ESL-IC-08-10-30 Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Berlin, Germany, October 20-22, 2008 The 8 th International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations (ICEBO 2008) October 20...

Texas A& M Campus Building CC® Team

319

Metering and Monitoring Approaches for Verifying Energy Savings from Energy Conservation Retrofits: Experiences from the Field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

METERING AND MONITORING APPROACHES FOR VERIFYING ENERGY SAVINGS FROM ENERGY CONSERVATION RETROFITS: EXPERIENCES FROM THE FIELD John R. McBride Charles J. Bohmer Roger H. Lippman Senior Scientist Senior Instrumentation Senior Instrumentation... drying process that operates at a constant energy level on a constant schedule are examples of this class of load. Engineering calculations without in-field metering and monitoring may be sufficient for this project class. Next in complexity...

McBride, J. R.; Bohmer, C. J.; Lippman, R. H.

320

Utilization of computational fluid dynamics technique in low NOx burner/furnace retrofits  

SciTech Connect

A computational fluid dynamics (CFD) technique has been utilized to provide design guidance for retrofitting low NOx combustion systems and incorporating associated furnace modifications into existing utility boilers. The CFD program utilized is FW-FIRES (Fossil fuel, Water-walled Furnace Integrated Reaction and Emission Simulation) which simulates furnace combustion, heat transfer and pollutant formation based on fundamental principals of mass, momentum and energy conservations. The program models the gas flow field as a three-dimensional turbulent reacting continuum and the particle flow as a series of discrete particle trajectories through the gas continuum. Chemical reaction, heat transfer, and pollutant formation mechanisms are incorporated in the program. FW-FIRES furnace simulation of low NOx combustion system retrofits has been performed for various furnace configurations including front wall-fired, front and real wall-fired, and tangentially-fired furnaces, to determine the effects of burner/furnace modifications on the NOx emission, furnace exit gas temperature, furnace heat absorption, unburned carbon, and furnace wall corrosion. For front wall-fired, and front and real wall-fired furnaces, the NOx emission requirement is met by the use of Foster Wheeler lox NOx burners and overfire air (OFA) staging. Studies of burner and OFA quantify and spacing are conducted to limit NOx emission and unburned carbon to acceptable levels. A major concern in once-through supercritical units with OFA is furnace wall corrosion which is caused by high furnace wall metal temperature and corrosive hydrogen sulfide (H{sub 2}S) created in a reducing atmosphere from part of coal sulfur. The FW-FIRES code is used to minimize this corrosion potential by selecting the proper location and quantity of boundary air. A simulation of tangentially-fired unit, which has been retrofitted with low NOx burners, is used to study the effect of the burner tilt on the furnace exit gas temperature. This paper details the basis and results of several CFD analyses conducted for potential retrofit programs.

Cho, S.M.; Seltzer, A.H.; Ma, J.; Steitz, T.H.; Grusha, J.; Cole, R.W.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retrofit candidate behavioral" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Determination of Retrofit Savings Using a Calibrated Building Energy Simulation Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in commercial buildings (Katipamula and Claridge 1991. Wu et al. 1992). Of all the modeling approaches, use of building energy simulation programs is considered most comprehensive. However, owing to the considerable uncertainty involved with various input... presents the results of a study lucted to develop a robust methodology to mine retrofit energy and cost savings in commercial buildings when few measured data are available for the preretrofit condition. Although the study focuses on commercial...

Reddy, S. N.; Hunn, B. D.; Hood, D. B.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Retrofitting Inefficient Rooftop Air-Conditioning Units Reduces U.S. Navy Energy Use (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

As part of the U.S. Navy's overall energy strategy, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) partnered with the Naval Facilities Engineering Command (NAVFAC) to demonstrate market-ready energy efficiency measures, renewable energy generation, and energy systems integration. One such technology - retrofitting rooftop air-conditioning units with an advanced rooftop control system - was identified as a promising source for reducing energy use and costs, and can contribute to increasing energy security.

Not Available

2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

The Great Building Energy Predictor Shootout II: Measuring Retrofit Energy Savings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the MCC savings. Energy Systems Laboratory Texas A&M University Texas Engineering Experiment Station College Station, TX 77843-3581 ASHRAE Predictor Shootout H, p 4 BUS Savings Comparisons . ? In the BUS building, the savings were calculated using... Energy Systems Laboratory Texas A & M University Texas Engineering Experiment Station College Station, TX 77843-3581 ASHRAE Predictor Shootout II, p 6 Table 1: The Completed Entries received for the Predictor Shootout II: Measuring Retrofit Energy Savings...

Thamilseran, S.; Haberl, J. S.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

DEMONSTRATION OF A FULL-SCALE RETROFIT OF THE ADVANCED HYBRID PARTICULATE COLLECTOR TECHNOLOGY  

SciTech Connect

The Advanced Hybrid Particulate Collector (AHPC), developed in cooperation between W.L. Gore & Associates and the Energy & Environmental Research Center (EERC), is an innovative approach to removing particulates from power plant flue gas. The AHPC combines the elements of a traditional baghouse and electrostatic precipitator (ESP) into one device to achieve increased particulate collection efficiency. As part of the Power Plant Improvement Initiative (PPII), this project was demonstrated under joint sponsorship from the U.S. Department of Energy and Otter Tail Power Company. The EERC is the patent holder for the technology, and W.L. Gore & Associates was the exclusive licensee for this project. The project objective was to demonstrate the improved particulate collection efficiency obtained by a full-scale retrofit of the AHPC to an existing electrostatic precipitator. The full-scale retrofit was installed on an electric power plant burning Powder River Basin (PRB) coal, Otter Tail Power Company's Big Stone Plant, in Big Stone City, South Dakota. The $13.4 million project was installed in October 2002. Project related testing concluded in December 2005. The following Final Technical Report has been prepared for the project entitled ''Demonstration of a Full-Scale Retrofit of the Advanced Hybrid Particulate Collector Technology'' as described in DOE Award No. DE-FC26-02NT41420. The report presents the operation and performance results of the system.

Tom Hrdlicka; William Swanson

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Building America Whole-House Solutions for Existing Homes: Performance of a Hot-Dry Climate Whole-House Retrofit, Stockton, California (Fact Sheet)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This case study describes a deep energy retrofit project on a home in Stockton, California, that reduced the energy use of the home by 23%

326

Measured energy savings and economics of retrofitting existing single-family homes: An update of the BECA-B database  

SciTech Connect

The energy bill for US single-family households was over $77 billion in 1987 (excluding auto fuel purchases), accounting for approximately 20% of national energy expenditures. Large sums are spent on residential retrofits by individual homeowners, government agencies, and utilities. As of late 1987, over 21 million households indicated that they had added at least one energy-saving measure in the previous two years, while a recent Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) study estimated that nearly 15 million residential customers have participated in some kind of demand-side management (DSM) program. Given the level of continuing investments in residential energy efficiency, accurate estimates of savings from various conservation measures are increasingly necessary, especially as new technologies become more sophisticated and incremental efficiency gains more difficult to achieve. This report provides a comparative analysis of measured data on the performance and cost-effectiveness of energy-saving measures in existing single-family homes, based on information in the Buildings Energy-Use Compilation and Analysis (BECA) data base. The initial BECA report on measured data for single-family retrofits was completed seven years ago. In updating the single-family database, we have added 135 data points, representing over 33,000 houses, to the original database of 145 retrofit projects. The report is organized in two volumes. Volume 1 provides a summary of energy savings and costs of individual retrofit measures and strategies and results from federal/state low-income and utility weatherization programs. we also discuss measurement issues, predicted versus actual savings, trends in single-family retrofit programs, and implications for the next generation'' of cost-effective single-family retrofits. Volume 2 contains a written summary of each retrofit project and complete data tables. 87 refs., 20 figs., 16 tabs.

Cohen, S.D.; Goldman, C.A.; Harris, J.P.

1991-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

327

Impact evaluation of the energy retrofits installed in the Margolis high-rise apartment building, Chelsea housing authority  

SciTech Connect

As part of a joint demonstration effort involving HUD, DOE, a local public housing authority and Boston Edison, an evaluation of energy and demand saving retrofits was conducted for a tall, residential, low-income building located in Boston. The thirteen story building underwent window, lighting, and heating system control renovations in December, 1992. The success of these retrofits was determined using monthly and hourly whole-building consumption data along with a calibrated DOE-2.1D energy simulation model. According to the model developed, post-retrofit conditions showed reductions in annual energy consumption of 325 MWh and in peak demand of 100 kW. These savings resulted in an annual energy cost savings of $28,000. Over 90% of energy and cost savings were attributed to the window retrofit. Interaction of the reduction in lighting capacity with the building`s electric resistance heating system reduced the potential for energy and demand savings associated with the lighting retrofit. Results from the hourly simulation model also indicate that night setbacks controlled by the energy management system were not implemented. An additional 32 MWh in energy savings could be obtained by bringing this system on-line, however peak demand would be increased by 40 kW as the morning demand for space heat is increased, with a net loss in cost savings of $2,500.

Abraham, M.M.; McLain, H.A.; MacDonald, J.M.

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Housing Archetype Analysis for Home Energy-Efficient Retrofit in the Great Lakes Region  

SciTech Connect

This project report details activities and results of the 'Market Characterization' project undertaken by the Cost Effective Energy Retrofit (CEER) team targeted toward the DOE goal of achieving 30%-50% reduction in existing building energy use. CEER consists of members from the Dow Chemical Company, Michigan State University, Ferris State University and Habitat for Humanity Kent County. The purpose of this market characterization project was to identify housing archetypes which are dominant within Great Lakes region and therefore offer significant potential for energy-efficient retrofit research and implementation due to the substantial number of homes possessing similar characteristics. Understanding the characteristics of housing groups referred to as 'archetypes' by vintage, style, and construction characteristics can allow research teams to focus their retrofit research and develop prescriptive solutions for those structure types which are prevalent and offer high potential uptake within a region or market. Key research activities included; literature review, statistical analysis of national and regional data of the American Housing Survey (AHS) collected by the U.S. Census Bureau, analysis of Michigan specific data, development of a housing taxonomy of architectural styles, case studies of two local markets (i.e., Ann Arbor and Grand Rapids in Michigan) and development of a suggested framework (or process) for characterizing local markets. In order to gain a high level perspective, national and regional data from the U.S. Census Bureau was analyzed using cross tabulations, multiple regression models, and logistic regression to characterize the housing stock and determine dominant house types using 21 variables.

Kim, S. K.; Mrozowski, T.; Harrell-Seyburn, A.; Ehrlich, N.; Hembroff, L.; Bieburn, B.; Mazor, M.; McIntyre, A.; Mutton, C.; Parsons, G.; Syal, M. G.; Wilkinson, R.

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Cool Energy House - An Intro to the Cool Energy House Retrofit Demonstration Project Webinar  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

eere.energy.gov eere.energy.gov Building America: Introduction November 14, 2011 Cheryn Engebrecht Cheryn.engebrecht@nrel.gov Building Technologies Program Building Technologies Program eere.energy.gov * Reduce energy use in new and existing residential buildings * Promote building science and systems engineering / integration approach * "Do no harm": Ensure safety, health and durability are maintained or improved * Accelerate adoption of high performance technologies www.buildingamerica.gov Introduction to Building America Building Technologies Program eere.energy.gov Building America Industry Consortia Industry Research Teams Habitat Cost Effective Energy Retrofit Program NorthernSTAR Building America Partnership

330

Microsoft Word - LBNL Multifamily retrofits paper submitted_2nd revision_final_no track changes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Protocol for Maximizing Energy Savings and Protocol for Maximizing Energy Savings and Indoor Environmental Quality Improvements when Retrofitting Apartments Federico Noris 1 , William W. Delp 1 , Kimberly Vermeer 2 , Gary Adamkiewicz 3 , Brett C. Singer 1 and William J. Fisk 1 1 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Environmental Energy Technologies Division Indoor Environment Group Berkeley, CA, USA 2 Urban Habitat Initiatives Inc. Boston, MA, USA 3 Department of Environmental Health Harvard School of Public Health Boston, MA, USA June 18, 2012 Funding was provided by the California Energy Commission, Public Interest Energy Research Program, Energy Related Environmental Research Program, through contract 500-09-022 and by the Assistant

331

Retrofit of a Heat-Exchanger Network by Considering Heat-Transfer Enhancement and Fouling  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Besides, for network-topology modifications the capital cost associated with the related pipe and civil work is high, and the negative financial impact of production losses resulting from plant shut down during the lengthy periods of a retrofit is also a concern. ... One way is to add heat-transfer enhancement to the cold side in a heat exchanger to increase the cold-side heat-transfer coefficients, and the other is to change the network structure to reassign the temperature distribution in the network. ... An existing industrial PHT network is simulated using a dynamic, distributed math. ...

Yufei Wang; Robin Smith

2013-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

332

A systematic approach to energy efficiency retrofit solutions for exsisting office buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Institute of Energy Efficient and Sustainable Design and Building Prof. Dr.-Ing. Werner Lang Yunming Shao Prof. Dr.-Ing. Werner Lang Technical University of Munich, Germany 11/11/2014 A systematic approach to energy efficiency retrofit solutions... for existing office buildings ESL-IC-14-09-33 Proceedings of the 14th International Conference for Enhanced Building Operations, Beijing, China, September 14-17, 2014 Institute of Energy Efficient and Sustainable Design and Building Prof. Dr.-Ing. Werner Lang...

Shao,Y.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Comparison between seismic retrofitting solutions for existing reinforced concrete buildings: a case study  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In assessing the safety of existing buildings, the specific actions dedicated to the knowledge of the structure delineate the parameters of the linear or non-linear analysis aimed at identifying the most appropriate structural intervention. In this context, the present paper collects the seismic analysis of a school building in reinforced concrete, illustrating the different stages concerning the acquisition of geometrical and mechanical data, problems about structural modelling and the features of the seismic retrofitting proposed. In closing, a critical comparison between the results derived from some techniques frequently used to seismically improve existing structures.

Francesco Porco; Andrea Fiore; Siro Casolo

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Energy conservation and passive-solar retrofit workbook. [Consumer guide to home energy conservation  

SciTech Connect

The slow turnover of housing stock means that passive-solar and conservation equipment must be retrofitted into existing structures. This workbook was written to show homeowners how they can save money and use available technology to make their homes more efficient. Examples are drawn from actual projects in South Dakota homes. The first step is an evaluation of the situation in terms of climate, site, and findings from a home audit. Information on conservation principles, calculations, and construction techniques is followed by a marketing and financial guide. The workbook includes numerous line sketches, checklists, a glossary of conservation terms, and a list of information sources. 5 references, 7 figures, 17 tables. (DCK)

Not Available

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Cost-Effectiveness of Home Energy Retrofits in Pre-Code Vintage Homes in the United States  

SciTech Connect

This analytical study examines the opportunities for cost-effective energy efficiency and renewable energy retrofits in residential archetypes constructed prior to 1980 (Pre-Code) in fourteen U.S. cities. These fourteen cities are representative of each of the International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) climate zones in the contiguous U.S. The analysis is conducted using an in-house version of EnergyGauge USA v.2.8.05 named CostOpt that has been programmed to perform iterative, incremental economic optimization on a large list of residential energy efficiency and renewable energy retrofit measures. The principle objectives of the study are as follows: to determine the opportunities for cost effective source energy reductions in this large cohort of existing residential building stock as a function of local climate and energy costs; and to examine how retrofit financing alternatives impact the source energy reductions that are cost effectively achievable.

Fairey, P.; Parker, D.

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Building America Best Practices Series, Vol. 10 - Retrofit Techniques & Technologies: Air Sealing, A Guide for Contractors to Share with Homeowners  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

TECHNOLOGIES PROGRAM TECHNOLOGIES PROGRAM R Retrofit Techniques & Technologies: Air Sealing A Guide for Contractors to Share with Homeowners PREPARED BY Pacific Northwest National Laboratory & Oak Ridge National Laboratory April 12, 2010 April 12, 2010 * PNNL-19284 BUILDING AMERICA BEST PRACTICES SERIES VOLUME 10. BuiLDiNG AmERiCA BEST PRACTiCES SERiES Retrofit Techniques and Technologies: Air Sealing

337

NCSU Box 7401 Raleigh, NC 27695 (919) 515-3480 Toll Free 1-800-33-NC SUN Passive Solar Retrofit  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SOLAR CENTER INFORMATION Passive solar retrofit is the adding of solar features to an existing house you begin a passive solar retrofit, you should make sure that your house is energy) for your house. You may also want to review passive solar principles described in the Solar Center

338

Energy retrofit and occupant behaviour in protected housing: A case study of the Brunswick Centre in London  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Accepted Manuscript Title: Energy retrofit and occupant behaviour in protected housing: A case study of the Brunswick Centre in London Author: Hui Ben Koen Steemers PII: S0378-7788(14)00411-3 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.1016/j.enbuild.2014... .05.019 Reference: ENB 5055 To appear in: ENB Received date: 13-9-2013 Revised date: 9-5-2014 Accepted date: 14-5-2014 Please cite this article as: H. Ben, K. Steemers, Energy retrofit and occupant behaviour in protected housing: A case study of the Brunswick Centre...

Hui, Ben; Steemers, Koen

2014-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

339

Evaluation of Solid Sorbents as a Retrofit Technology for CO2 Capture from Coal-Fired Power Plants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Solid Sorbents as a Solid Sorbents as a Retrofit Technology for CO 2 Capture from Coal-fired Power Plants Background Retrofitting the current fleet of pulverized coal (PC)-fired power plants for the separation and sequestration of carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) is one of the most significant challenges for effective, long-term carbon management. Post-combustion CO 2 capture using solid-sorbent based technologies is a potential resolution to this challenge that could be appropriate for both new and existing PC-fired power plant

340

Retrofit of an Engineered Glove-port to a Los Alamos National Laboratory's Plutonium Facility Glovebox  

SciTech Connect

At the Los Alamos National Laboratory's Plutonium Facility (TA-55), various isotopes of plutonium along with other actinides are routinely handled such that the spread of radiological contamination and excursions of contaminants into the operator's breathing zone are prevented through the use of a variety of gloveboxes (the glovebox coupled with adequate negativity providing primary confinement). The current technique for changing glovebox gloves are the weakest part of this engineering control. 1300 pairs of gloves are replaced each year at TA-55, generating approximately 500 m{sup 3}/yr of transuranic (TRU) waste and Low Level Waste (LLW) waste that represents an annual disposal cost of about 4 million dollars. By retrofitting the LANL 8'' glove-port ring, a modern 'Push-Through' technology is utilized. This 'Push-Through' technology allows relatively fast glove changes to be done by operators with much less training and experience and without breaching containment. A dramatic reduction in waste is realized; exposure of the worker to residual contamination reduced, and the number of breaches due to installation issues is eliminated. In the following presentation, the evolution of the 'Push- Through' technology, the features of the glove-port retrofit, and waste savings are discussed. (author)

Rael, P.E.D.; Cournoyer, M.E.Ph.D.; Chunglo, S.D.; Vigil, T.J.; Schreiber, P.E.S. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM (United States)

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retrofit candidate behavioral" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Retrofit design of a boil-off gas handling process in liquefied natural gas receiving terminals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Generation of Boil-off gas (BOG) in liquefied natural gas (LNG) receiving terminals considerably affects operating costs and the safety of the facility. For the above reasons, a proper BOG handling process is a major determinant in the design of a LNG receiving terminal. This study proposes the concept of a retrofit design for a BOG the handling process using a fundamental analysis. A base design was determined for a minimum send-out case in which the BOG handling becomes the most difficult. In the proposed design, the cryogenic energy of the LNG stream is used to cool other streams inside the process. It leads to a reduction in the operating costs of the compressors in the BOG handling process. Design variables of the retrofit design were optimized with non-linear programming to maximize profitability. Optimization results were compared with the base design to show the effect of the proposed design. The proposed design provides a 22.7% energy saving ratio and a 0.176 year payback period.

Chansaem Park; Kiwook Song; Sangho Lee; Youngsub Lim; Chonghun Han

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Retrofit of existing 400 horsepower air compressor motor with steam turbine  

SciTech Connect

This paper is on the completion of a retrofit project to replace an existing 400 Horsepower air compressor motor with a steam turbine. The discussion includes visuals to show the process involved in carrying out this project. There will be in three parts. The first part of the presentation will cover the planning and construction. Planning included defining a scope, collecting data to support this scope, determining engineering feasibility, and calculating an economic payback. Construction will include the preparations for the retrofit including details of upgrades to existing systems and components, and installation of new systems and components. This will be followed by details on the actual removal of the motor, installation of the turbine, and the revision of the controls. Startup of the air compressor on steam is then discussed including necessary preparation of steam systems. Next to be presented will be some of the problems and their solutions experienced during this project. Specifically discussed will be regulatory concerns, noise of operation, insurance, and fluctuations in plant process steam demand. The conclusion of the presentation will focus on present operating status, savings demonstrated, and maintenance required.

Sanders, S.F.

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Predicted Versus Actual Savings for a Low-Rise Multifamily Retrofit in Boulder, Colorado  

SciTech Connect

To determine the most cost-effective methods of improving buildings, accurate analysis and prediction of the energy use of existing buildings is essential. However, multiple studies confirm that analysis methods tend to over-predict energy use in poorly insulated, leaky homes and thus, the savings associated with improving those homes. In NREL's report titled 'Assessing and Improving the Accuracy of Energy Analysis of Residential Buildings,' researchers propose a method for improving the accuracy of residential energy analysis methods. A key step in this process involves the comparisons of predicted versus metered energy use and savings. In support of this research need, CARB evaluated the retrofit of a multifamily building in Boulder, CO. The updated property is a 37 unit, 2 story apartment complex built in 1950, which underwent renovations in early 2009 to bring it into compliance with Boulder, CO's SmartRegs ordinance. Goals of the study were to: 1) evaluate predicted versus actual savings due to the improvements, 2) identify areas where the modeling assumptions may need to be changed, and 3) determine common changes made by renters that would negatively impact energy savings. In this study, CARB seeks to improve the accuracy of modeling software while assessing retrofit measures to specifically determine which are most effective for large multifamily complexes in the cold climate region. Other issues that were investigated include the effects of improving building efficiency on tenant comfort, the impact on tenant turnover rates, and the potential market barriers for this type of community scale project.

Arena, L.; Williamson, J.

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Lessons from shielding retrofits at the LAMPF/LANSCE/PSR accelerator, beam lines and target facilities  

SciTech Connect

The experience in the past 7 years to improve the shielding and radiation control systems at the Los Alamos Meson Physics Facility (LAMPF) and the Manuel Lujan Jr. Neutron Scattering Center (LANSCE) provides important lessons for the design of radiation control systems at future, high beam power proton accelerator facilities. Major issues confronted and insight gained in developing shielding criteria and in the use of radiation interlocks are discussed. For accelerators and beam lines requiring hands-on-maintenance, our experience suggests that shielding criteria based on accident scenarios will be more demanding than criteria based on routinely encountered beam losses. Specification and analysis of the appropriate design basis accident become all important. Mitigation by active protection systems of the consequences of potential, but severe, prompt radiation accidents has been advocated as an alternate choice to shielding retrofits for risk management at both facilities. Acceptance of active protection systems has proven elusive primarily because of the difficulty in providing convincing proof that failure of active systems (to mitigate the accident) is incredible. Results from extensive shielding assessment studies are presented including data from experimental beam spill tests, comparisons with model estimates, and evidence bearing on the limitations of line-of-sight attenuation models in complex geometries. The scope and significant characteristics of major shielding retrofit projects at the LAMPF site are illustrated by the project to improve the shielding beneath a road over a multiuse, high-intensity beam line (Line D).

Macek, R.J.

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

IMPROVEMENT TO PIPELINE COMPRESSOR ENGINE RELIABILITY THROUGH RETROFIT MICRO-PILOT IGNITION SYSTEM  

SciTech Connect

This report documents a 3-year research program conducted by the Engines & Energy Conversion Laboratory (EECL) at Colorado State University (CSU) to develop micropilot ignition systems for existing pipeline compressor engines. Research activities for the overall program were conducted with the understanding that the efforts are to result in a commercial product to capture and disseminate the efficiency and environmental benefits of this new technology. An extensive state-of-art review was conducted to leverage the existing body of knowledge of micropilot ignition with respect to retrofit applications. Additionally, commercially-available fuel injection products were identified and applied to the program where appropriate. This approach will minimize the overall time-to-market requirements, while meeting performance and cost criteria. The objective for Phase I was to demonstrate the feasibility of micropilot ignition for large bore, slow speed engines operating at low compression ratios under laboratory conditions at the EECL. The primary elements of Micropilot Phase I were to develop a single-cylinder test chamber to study the injection of pilot fuel into a combustion cylinder and to develop, install and test a multi-cylinder micropilot ignition system for a 4-cylinder, natural gas test engine. In all, there were twelve (12) tasks defined and executed to support these two (2) primarily elements in a stepwise fashion. Task-specific approaches and results are documented in this report. The four-cylinder prototype data was encouraging for the micro-pilot ignition technology when compared to spark ignition. The objective for Phase II was to further develop and optimize the micropilot ignition system at the EECL for large bore, slow speed engines operating at low compression ratios. The primary elements of Micropilot Phase II were to evaluate the results for the 4-cylinder system prototype developed for Phase I, then optimize this system and prepare the technology for the field demonstration phase in Year 3. In all, there were twelve (12) tasks defined and executed to support objectives in a stepwise fashion. The optimized four-cylinder system data demonstrated significant progress compared to Phase I results, as well as traditional spark ignition systems. These laboratory results were enhanced, then verified via a field demonstration project during Phase III of the Micropilot Ignition program. An Implementation Team of qualified engine retrofit service providers was assembled to install the retrofit micropilot ignition system on an engine operated by El Paso Pipeline Group at a compressor station near Window Rock, Arizona. Testing of this demonstration unit showed that the same benefits identified by laboratory testing at CSU, i.e., reduced fuel consumption and exhaust emissions (NOx, THC, CO, and CH2O). Commercialization of the retrofit micropilot ignition technology is awaiting a ''market pull'', which is expected to materialize as the results of the field demonstration become known and accepted. The Implementation Team, comprised of Woodward Governor Company, Enginuity LLC, Hoerbiger Corporation of America, and DigiCon Inc., has direct experience with the technology development and implementation, and stands ready to promote and commercialize the retrofit micropilot ignition system.

Scott Chase; Daniel Olsen; Ted Bestor

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Feasibility of Retrofitting Centralized HVAC Systems for Room-Level Zoning Tamim Sookoor, Brian Holben, Kamin Whitehouse  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Feasibility of Retrofitting Centralized HVAC Systems for Room-Level Zoning Tamim Sookoor, Brian {sookoor,bnh4k,whitehouse}@cs.virginia.edu Abstract--Heating, ventilation, and cooling (HVAC) accounts's largest energy consumers. Many attempts have been made to optimize the control of HVAC systems

Whitehouse, Kamin

347

The effect of an enclosure retrofit on air leakage rates for a multi-unit residential case-study building  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper presents a relatively new, simple and robust, method for air leakage testing. A thirteen-story multi-unit residential building was tested for air leakage before and after an enclosure retrofit. The building suites had a pre-retrofit NLA50 average of 6.77 cm2/m2 and an average post-retrofit NLA50 of 2.82 cm2/m2—a 58% betterment. The effect of the retrofit on air leakage rates was assessed and compared to other multi-unit residential buildings across Canada and USA. The case study building was significantly tighter than other multi-unit residential buildings included in published studies. Recommendations were made for field-testing procedures in order to maximize the potential for accurate measured flow characteristics. Field-testing for air-tightness needs to be standardized in order for useful comparative results to be generated in order to inform future research and operational considerations for the multi-unit residential building stock across North America.

Robin Urquhart; Russell Richman; Graham Finch

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

CASE STUDY OF DUCT RETROFIT OF A 1985 HOME AND GUIDELINES FOR ATTIC AND CRAWL SPACE DUCT SEALING  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is fully committed to research for developing the information and capabilities necessary to provide cost-effective residential retrofits yielding 50% energy savings within the next several years. Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) is the biggest energy end use in the residential sector, and a significant amount of energy can be wasted through leaky ductwork in unconditioned spaces such as attics and crawl spaces. A detailed duct sealing case study is presented for one house along with nine brief descriptions of other duct retrofits completed in the mixed-humid climate. Costs and estimated energy savings are reported for most of the ten houses. Costs for the retrofits ranged from $0.92/ft2 to $1.80/ft2 of living space and estimated yearly energy cost savings due to the duct retrofits range from 1.8% to 18.5%. Lessons learned and duct sealing guidelines based on these ten houses, as well as close work with the HVAC industry in the mixed-humid climate of East Tennessee, northern Georgia, and south-central Kentucky are presented. It is hoped that the lessons learned and guidelines will influence local HVAC contractors, energy auditors, and homeowners when diagnosing or repairing HVAC duct leakage and will be useful for steering DOE s future research in this area.

Boudreaux, Philip R [ORNL; Christian, Jeffrey E [ORNL; Jackson, Roderick K [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

The Value of the EWIT Computer Program in Identifying Economically Viable Retrofit Options for Existing Commercial Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

EWIT's potential as a tool for evaluating retrofit options for existing commercial buildings. To achieve this goal two case buildings in the Denver area were analyzed by means of the EWIT program. The first building is a one story structure of 10...

Andrews, W. M.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Building America Whole-House Solutions for Existing Homes: Cascade Apartments- Deep Energy Multifamily Retrofit (Fact Sheet)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

In December of 2009-10, King County Housing Authority implemented energy retrofit improvements in the Cascade multifamily community, located in Kent, Washington, which resulted in annual energy cost savings of 22%, improved comfort and air quality for residents, and increased durability of the units.

351

A Meta-Analysis of Single-Family Deep Energy Retrofit Performance in the U.S.  

SciTech Connect

The current state of Deep Energy Retrofit (DER) performance in the U.S. has been assessed in 116 homes in the United States (US), using actual and simulated data gathered from the available domestic literature. Substantial airtightness reductions averaging 63% (n=48) were reported (two- to three-times more than in conventional retrofits), with average post-retrofit airtightness of 4.7 Air Changes per House at 50 Pascal (ACH50) (n=94). Yet, mechanical ventilation was not installed consistently. In order to avoid indoor air quality (IAQ) issues, all future DERs should comply with ASHRAE 62.2-2013 requirements or equivalent. Projects generally achieved good energy results, with average annual net-site and net-source energy savings of 47%±20% and 45%±24% (n=57 and n=35), respectively, and carbon emission reductions of 47%±22% (n=23). Net-energy reductions did not vary reliably with house age, airtightness, or reported project costs, but pre-retrofit energy usage was correlated with total reductions (MMBtu). Annual energy costs were reduced $1,283±$804 (n=31), from a pre-retrofit average of $2,738±$1,065 to $1,588±$561 post-retrofit (n=25 and n=39). The average reported incremental project cost was $40,420±$30,358 (n=59). When financed on a 30-year term, the median change in net-homeownership cost was only $1.00 per month, ranging from $149 in savings to an increase of $212 (mean=$15.67±$87.74; n=28), and almost half of the projects resulted in reductions in net-cost. The economic value of a DER may be much greater than is suggested by these net-costs, because DERs entail substantial non-energy benefits (NEBs), and retrofit measures may add value to a home at resale similarly to general remodeling, PV panel installation, and green/energy efficient home labels. These results provide estimates of the potential of DERs to address energy use in existing homes across climate zones that can be used in future estimates of the technical potential to reduce household energy use and greenhouse gas emissions through DERs.

Less, Brennan; Walker, Iain

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

National Residential Efficiency Measures Database Aimed at Reducing Risk for Residential Retrofit Industry (Fact Sheet), Building America: Technical Highlight, Building Technologies Program (BTP)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Residential Residential Efficiency Measures Database Aimed at Reducing Risk for Residential Retrofit Industry Researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) have developed the National Residential Efficiency Measures Database, a public database that characterizes the performance and costs of common residential energy efficiency measures. The data are available for use in software programs that evaluate cost- effective retrofit measures to improve the energy efficiency of residential buildings. This database: * Provides information in a standardized format. * Improves the technical consistency and accuracy of the results of software programs. * Enables experts and stakeholders to view the retrofit information and provide comments to improve data

353

Funding Opportunity Announcement State Energy Program (SEP) Strengthening Building Retrofit Markets and Stimulating Energy Efficiency Action  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE FUNDING OPPORTUNITY ANNOUNCEMENT U. S. Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory State Energy Program (SEP) Strengthening Building Retrofit Markets and Stimulating Energy Efficiency Action DE-FOA-0000251 Announcement Type: Initial CFDA Number: 81.041 Issue Date: 04/09/2010 Application Due Date: 05/24/2010 11:59:59 PM Eastern Time 1 NOTE: REGISTRATION/SUBMISSION REQUIREMENTS Registration Requirements There are several one-time actions you must complete in order to submit an application in response to this Announcement (e.g., obtain a Dun and Bradstreet Data Universal Numbering System (DUNS) number, register with the Central Contractor Registration (CCR), and register with Grants.gov). Applicants who are not registered with CCR and Grants.gov, should allow at

354

Hydronic Controls Retrofits for Low-Rise Multi-Famiy Buildings  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Residential Integrated Energy Solutions Residential Integrated Energy Solutions Building America Stakeholder Meeting Austin, Texas February 29 to March 2, 2012 Hugh Henderson, CDH Energy Corp. Jordan Dentz, The Levy Partnership, Inc. Hydronic Controls Retrofits for Low-Rise Multi-Family Buildings Research Objective * Determine the impact of control strategies that use apartment temperatures for central boiler control on energy consumption, comfort and cost. * Compare energy performance, comfort and cost to individual radiator valve controls in each apartment. Background * Most multi-family boiler systems have: - No zone/apartment level control, or - Non-electric thermostats on radiator valves * Central boiler system resets hot water based on outdoor temperature * Problem: - apartments are often too hot or too cold.

355

Preliminary Screening for Project Feasibility and Applications for Geothermal Heat Pump Retrofit Projects  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Super ESPC Best Practices Super ESPC Best Practices Preliminary Screening for Project Feasibility and Applications for Geothermal Heat Pump Retrofit Projects GHPs Should Always be Considered for Federal Sites Geothermal or ground-source heat pumps (GHPs) are a highly efficient method of providing heating and cooling for buildings. The technology has been applied successfully in a wide variety of building types - single- and multi-family dwellings, schools, offices, department and convenience stores, hotels, post offices, and libraries among others - and in climates and geographical zones across the United States, from the deserts of Fort Irwin, California, to downtown Manhattan, and from South Texas to Northern Minnesota. Given their energy and cost savings potential, and their wide range of applicability, GHPs should always be considered as a

356

Integration of solar energy in coal-fired power plants retrofitted with carbon capture: A review  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract This paper reviews the utilization of solar thermal energy technology in assisting coal-fired power plants retrofitted with post-combustion carbon capture (PCC). The focus is on compensating the so-called ‘energy penalty’ imposed on the power plant output by the introduction of PCC plant operations. The integration of solar thermal energy can offset the power plant output reduction due to the PCC installation by totally, or partially providing the energy requirement of the carbon capture plant. The main process integration approaches proposed in this regard are reviewed; their advantages and drawbacks are discussed considering technical and climatic factors. The paper also discusses the merits of this hybridization of power, capture and solar plants as a transition solution for future low-carbon power generation.

Forough Parvareh; Manish Sharma; Abdul Qadir; Dia Milani; Rajab Khalilpour; Matteo Chiesa; Ali Abbas

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

An Assessment of Envelope Measures in Mild Climate Deep Energy Retrofits  

SciTech Connect

Energy end-uses and interior comfort conditions have been monitored in 11 Deep Energy Retrofits (DERs) in a mild marine climate. Two broad categories of DER envelope were identified: first, bringing homes up to current code levels of insulation and airtightness, and second, enhanced retrofits that go beyond these code requirements. The efficacy of envelope measures in DERs was difficult to determine, due to the intermingled effects of enclosure improvements, HVAC system upgrades and changes in interior comfort conditions. While energy reductions in these project homes could not be assigned to specific improvements, the combined effects of changes in enclosure, HVAC system and comfort led to average heating energy reductions of 76percent (12,937 kWh) in the five DERs with pre-retrofit data, or 80percent (5.9 kWh/ft2) when normalized by floor area. Overall, net-site energy reductions averaged 58percent (15,966 kWh; n=5), and DERs with code-style envelopes achieved average net-site energy reductions of 65percent (18,923 kWh; n=4). In some homes, the heating energy reductions were actually larger than the whole house reductions that were achieved, which suggests that substantial additional energy uses were added to the home during the retrofit that offset some heating savings. Heating system operation and energy use was shown to vary inconsistently with outdoor conditions, suggesting that most DERs were not thermostatically controlled and that occupants were engaged in managing the indoor environmental conditions. Indoor temperatures maintained in these DERs were highly variable, and no project home consistently provided conditions within the ASHRAE Standard 55-2010 heating season comfort zone. Thermal comfort and heating system operation had a large impact on performance and were found to depend upon the occupant activities, so DERs should be designed with the occupants needs and patterns of consumption in mind. Beyond-code building envelopes were not found to be strictly necessary for the achievement of deep energy savings in existing uninsulated homes in mild marine climates, provided that other energy end-uses were comprehensively reduced. We recommend that mild climate DERs pursue envelopes in compliance with the 2012 International Energy Conservation Code (IECC) and pair these with high efficiency, off-the-shelf HVAC equipment. Enhanced building envelopes should be considered in cases where very low heating energy use (<1,000 kWh/year or <0.5 kWh/ft2-year) and enhanced thermal comfort (ASHRAE 55-2010) are required, as well as in those situations where substantial energy uses are added to the home, such as decorative lighting, cooling or smart home A/V and communication equipment.

Walker, Iain; Less, Brennan

2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Exploring Cost-Effective, High Performance Residential Retrofits for Affordable Housing in the Hot Humid Climate  

SciTech Connect

In 2009, a Department of Energy Building America team led by the Florida Solar Energy Center began working with partners to find cost-effective paths for improving the energy performance of existing homes in the hot humid climate. A test-in energy audit and energy use modeling of the partner's proposed renovation package was performed for 41 affordable and middle income foreclosed homes in Florida and Alabama. HERS1 Indices ranged from 92 to 184 with modeled energy savings ranging from 3% to 50% (average of 26%). Analyses and recommendations were discussed with partners to encourage more efficient retrofits, highlight health and safety issues, and gather feedback on incremental cost of high performance measures. Ten completed renovations have modeled energy savings ranging from 9% to 48% (average 31%.) This paper presents the project's process including our findings thus far and highlights of the first home to meet the target HERS Index of 70.

McIlvaine, Janet; Sutherland, Karen; Schleith, Kevin; Chandra, Subrato

2010-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

359

News From the D.C. Office: Integrated Chiller Retrofits-Sharing Experience  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3 Aerial view of Washington D.C. 3 Aerial view of Washington D.C. News From the D.C. Office Integrated Chiller Retrofits: Sharing Experience Makes "Cool Sense" A recent issue of the Center for Building Science News [Spring 1996, p.2] described the opportunities for significant energy savings from replacing older, inefficient chillers. These savings can be increased greatly if building owners and managers approach the chiller replacement not just as a requirement, but also as an opportunity-that of investing in other energy-saving measures that reduce cooling loads and lead to the downsizing of the chiller and related equipment. The Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Institute estimates that 80,000 existing chillers using CFC refrigerants need to be replaced or converted to use HCFC or HFC refrigerants. Of these, about 20,000 will be replaced or

360

Development of Cost Effective Oxy-Combustion Technology for Retrofitting Coal-Fired Boilers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cost effeCtive Cost effeCtive oxy-Combustion teChnology for retrofitting Coal-fireD boilers Background Electric power generation from fossil fuels represents one of the largest contributors to greenhouse gas emissions, not just in the United States, but throughout the world. Various technologies and concepts are being investigated as means to mitigate carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) emissions. The concept of pulverized coal (PC) oxy-combustion is one potential economical solution, whereby coal is combusted in an enriched oxygen environment using pure oxygen diluted with recycled flue gas. In this manner, the flue gas is composed primarily of CO 2 and H 2 O, so that a concentrated stream of CO 2 is produced by simply condensing the water in the exhaust stream. An advantage of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retrofit candidate behavioral" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

EnergyFit Nevada (formerly known as the Nevada Retrofit Initiative) final report and technical evaluation  

SciTech Connect

The EnergyFit Nevada (EFN) Better Buildings Neighborhood Program (BBNP, and referred to in this document as the EFN program) currently encourages Nevada residents to make whole-house energy-efficient improvements by providing rebates, financing, and access to a network of qualified home improvement contractors. The BBNP funding, consisting of 34 Energy Efficiency Conservation Block Grants (EECBG) and seven State Energy Program (SEP) grants, was awarded for a three-year period to the State of Nevada in 2010 and used for initial program design and implementation. By the end of first quarter in 2014, the program had achieved upgrades in 553 homes, with an average energy reduction of 32% per home. Other achievements included: ? Completed 893 residential energy audits and installed upgrades in 0.05% of all Nevada single-family homes1 ? Achieved an overall conversation rate of 38.1%2 ? 7,089,089 kWh of modeled energy savings3 ? Total annual homeowner energy savings of approximately $525,7523 ? Efficiency upgrades completed on 1,100,484 square feet of homes3 ? $139,992 granted in loans to homeowners for energy-efficiency upgrades ? 29,285 hours of labor and $3,864,272 worth of work conducted by Nevada auditors and contractors4 ? 40 contractors trained in Nevada ? 37 contractors with Building Performance Institute (BPI) certification in Nevada ? 19 contractors actively participating in the EFN program in Nevada 1 Calculated using 2012 U.S. Census data reporting 1,182,870 homes in Nevada. 2 Conversion rate through March 31, 2014, for all Nevada Retrofit Initiative (NRI)-funded projects, calculated using the EFN tracking database. 3 OptiMiser energy modeling, based on current utility rates. 4 This is the sum of $3,596,561 in retrofit invoice value and $247,711 in audit invoice value.

Carvill, Anna; Bushman, Kate; Ellsworth, Amy

2014-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

362

Application of proteomics in the discovery of candidate protein...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in the discovery of candidate protein biomarkers in a Diabetes Autoantibody Standardization Program Application of proteomics in the discovery of candidate protein...

363

Diesel NOx-PM Reduction with Fuel Economy Increase by IMET-OBC-DPF + Hydrated-EGR? System for Retrofit of In-Use? Trucks  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Reports on truck fleet emission test results obtained from retrofitting in-use? old class-8 trucks with IMETs GreenPower? DPF-Hydrated-EGR system

364

Retrofit Project of 2×100 MW Units in Yushe Power Plant, Shanxi Province Using Two Boilers-One CFB FGD  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper takes the example of the retrofit of 2×100 MW units of Yushe Power Plant in Shanxi Province, and summarizes the applications of circulation fluid bed flue gas desulphurization (CFB-FGD) adopted “two bo...

Lin Fulin; Lian Egui

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Building America Whole-House Solutions for Existing Homes: National Grid Deep Energy Retrofit Pilot, Massachusetts and Rhode Island (Fact Sheet)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Building Science Corporation developed a package of high-efficiency measures for retrofit of 42 homes sponsored by National Grid, resulting in energy use of approximately 40% below the Northeast regional average

366

Measured Effects of Retrofits - A Refrigerant Oil Additive and a Condenser Spray Device - On the Cooling Performance of a Heat Pump  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A 15-year old, 3-ton single package air-to-air heat pump was tested in laboratory environmental chambers simulating indoor and outdoor conditions. After documenting initial performance, the unit was retrofitted with a prototype condenser water...

Levins, W. P.; Sand, J. R.; Baxter, V. D.; Linkous, R. S.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Retrofitting the Strogino district heat supply station with construction of a 260-MW combined-cycle power plant (Consisting of two PGU-130 combined-cycle power units)  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The retrofitting carried out at the Strogino district heat supply station and the specific features of works accomplished in the course of constructing the thermal power station based on a combined-cycle power pl...

V. F. Aleksandrov

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

TOXECON Retrofit for Mercury and Multi-Pollutant Control on Three 90 MW Coal-Fired Boilers (Completed September 30, 2009)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

TOXECON Retrofit for Mercury and TOXECON Retrofit for Mercury and Multi-Pollutant Control on Three 90 MW Coal-Fired Boilers (Completed September 30, 2009) Project Description Wisconsin Electric Power Company (We Energies) has designed, installed, operated, and evaluated the TOXECON process as an integrated mercury, particulate matter, SO 2 , and NO X emissions control system for application on coal-fired power generation systems. TOXECON is a process in which sorbents, including powdered activated

369

Energy retrofitting of a typical old Danish multi-family building to a “nearly-zero” energy building based on experiences from a test apartment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The purpose of the research described in this paper was to demonstrate that an old Danish multi-family building built in 1896 could be retrofitted to a “nearly-zero” energy building. Three types of retrofit measures were implemented in a “test” apartment to obtain practical experiences. The first measure was the installation of two different types of interior insulation, specifically, an insulation component consisting of an aerogel–stone wool mixture or vacuum insulation panels. The second measure related to the retrofit of windows in which five measures were completed that consisted of applying a secondary frame, a sash mounted on the frame or to coupled frames. The third measure consisted of installing a decentralised mechanical ventilation system with heat recovery. The results showed that following the retrofit the building's theoretical energy use diminished from 162.5 kWh/(m2 year) to 51.5 kWh/(m2 year), corresponding to a reduction in energy use of 68%. The theoretical energy use after retrofitting fulfilled the requirements for new buildings in Denmark. The practical experiences that were retained following the retrofit were that the ventilation system ought to be installed with low noise components, insulation materials must be sized and cut to fit on site, and that new windows were selected.

Martin Morelli; Leif Rønby; Svend Erik Mikkelsen; Maja G. Minzari; Troels Kildemoes; Henrik M. Tommerup

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Energy-Efficient Retrofits at the Carl Hayden Visitors Center; Federal Energy Management Program: Technical Assistance, Case Study (Fact sheet)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Assistance Case Study FEM? . . ( 1 , Energy-Efficient Retrofits at the Carl Hayden Visitors Center With help from FEMP, the Bureau of Reclamation retrofits the Carl Hayden Visitors Center at Glan Canyon Dam- saving energy, waterr and money. Located on the north end o f the Grand Canyon, the Glen Canyon Dam is one of the 20th cen ing marvelb, drawing lion tourists from around t h e world The Carl Hayden Viitom Center was built in 1966 to accommodate these visitms Sittingatop one of the country's most impressive sources of hydropower, the 2l,OC@qmre-foot (1951 square metem) building houses exhibits, gift shops, bathrooms, an audiiorium, and administr ative affices. In 1993, B w u of Reclamation officials saw oppoaUnities to improve energy efficiency and reduce water

371

Energy-Efficient Retrofits at the Carl Hayden Visitors Center; Federal Energy Management Program: Technical Assistance, Case Study (Fact sheet)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Assistance Case Study FEM? . . ( 1 , Energy-Efficient Retrofits at the Carl Hayden Visitors Center With help from FEMP, the Bureau of Reclamation retrofits the Carl Hayden Visitors Center at Glan Canyon Dam- saving energy, waterr and money. Located on the north end o f the Grand Canyon, the Glen Canyon Dam is one of the 20th cen ing marvelb, drawing lion tourists from around t h e world The Carl Hayden Viitom Center was built in 1966 to accommodate these visitms Sittingatop one of the country's most impressive sources of hydropower, the 2l,OC@qmre-foot (1951 square metem) building houses exhibits, gift shops, bathrooms, an audiiorium, and administr ative affices. In 1993, B w u of Reclamation officials saw oppoaUnities to improve energy efficiency and reduce water

372

Building America Efficient Solutions for Existing Homes Case Study: Deep Energy Retrofit of 1910 House, Portland, Oregon  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

one-and-a-half-story, two-bedroom home with a half-basement one-and-a-half-story, two-bedroom home with a half-basement is typical of 100-year-old homes in Portland, Oregon. The home had no insulation, an unfinished basement, old appliances and air leaks everywhere when purchased by its current owner in 2010. The owners performed a full deep energy retrofit, including air sealing and insulating exterior walls and attic and installing new, efficient appliances. Building America researchers from the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory audited the home after the retrofits had occurred and used Energy Gauge USA simulation software to predict energy savings. They also partnered with local home performance contractor Imagine Energy to meter the circuit-level electricity use and the natural gas use of the tankless hot water heater and 95% condensing gas furnace. Based on

373

Spectroscopy of Hyades L dwarf candidates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the results of photometric, astrometric, and spectroscopic follow-up of L dwarf candidates identified in the Hyades cluster by Hogan et al. (2008). We obtained low-resolution optical spectroscopy with the OSIRIS spectrograph on the Gran Telescopio de Canarias for all 12 L dwarf candidates as well as new J-band imaging for a subsample of eight to confirm their proper motion. We also present mid-infrared photometry from the Wise Field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) for the Hyades L and T dwarf candidates and estimate their spectroscopic distances, effective temperatures, and masses. We confirm the cool nature of several L dwarf candidates and confirm astrometrically their membership, bridging the gap between the coolest M dwarfs and the two T dwarfs previously reported in the Hyades cluster. These members represent valuable spectral templates at an age of 625 Myr and slightly super solar metallicity (Fe/H=+0.13). We update the Hyades mass function across the hydrogen-burning limit and in the substel...

Lodieu, N; Bejar, V J S

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Roof and Attic Design Guidelines for new and retrofit Construction of Homes in Hot and Coild Climates  

SciTech Connect

Some guidelines for improving the energy efficiency of roofs and attics are presented and are based on the research of the DOE Building Technology. The results of combined analytical and experimental studies were used to benchmark computer tools, which in turn, were used to simulate homes in hot and cold climates. Adding floor and roof insulation, above deck ventilation, radiant barriers, cool color shingle, metal or tile roofs, sealing the attic floor, sealing the duct system and sealing the attic were simulated to compute the cost of energy savings. Results are prioritized to help building owners make an informed economic decision when contemplating roof and attic retrofits. Sealing the attic floor is a top retrofit option. The sealed attic approach and a new prototype roof assembly an insulated and ventilated roof are good options for retrofit work but have paybacks ranging from 15 to 25 years. A new sealed attic concept was simulated and computations show its simple payback is about 10 to 12 years in hot and cold climates; its first cost is significantly reduced from that of a spray foam approach. For new construction the best option is to keep the ducts out of the attic, make sure the attic floor is sealed and add at least code level of insulation to the ceiling.

Desjarlais, Andre Omer [ORNL] [ORNL; LaFrance, Marc [International Energy Agency] [International Energy Agency

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Hydronic Heating Retrofits for Low-Rise Multifamily Buildings: Boiler Control Replacement and Monitoring  

SciTech Connect

The ARIES Collaborative, a U.S. Department of Energy Building America research team, partnered with NeighborWorks America affiliate Homeowners' Rehab Inc. (HRI) of Cambridge, Massachusetts, to study improvements to the central hydronic heating system in one of the nonprofit's housing developments. The heating controls in the three-building, 42-unit Columbia Cambridge Alliance for Spanish Tenants housing development were upgraded. Fuel use in the development was excessive compared to similar properties. A poorly insulated thermal envelope contributed to high energy bills, but adding wall insulation was not cost-effective or practical. The more cost-effective option was improving heating system efficiency. Efficient operation of the heating system faced several obstacles, including inflexible boiler controls and failed thermostatic radiator valves. Boiler controls were replaced with systems that offer temperature setbacks and one that controls heat based on apartment temperature in addition to outdoor temperature. Utility bill analysis shows that post-retrofit weather-normalized heating energy use was reduced by 10%-31% (average of 19%). Indoor temperature cutoff reduced boiler runtime (and therefore heating fuel consumption) by 28% in the one building in which it was implemented. Nearly all savings were obtained during night which had a lower indoor temperature cut off (68 degrees F) than day (73 degrees F). This implies that the outdoor reset curve was appropriately adjusted for this building for daytime operation. Nighttime setback of heating system supply water temperature had no discernable impact on boiler runtime or gas bills.

Dentz, J.; Henderson, H.; Varshney, K.

2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Design of a low-cost, high-resolution retrofit module for residential natural gas meters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract There has been considerable interest in recent years in deploying smart meters in residential homes capable of distinguishing appliance-specific usage from whole-house consumption. Smart meters used in conjunction with algorithms that analyze usage data and other appliance attributes have been found to be a cost-effective and scalable approach. Based on this idea, the authors recently reported a laboratory-based solution for natural gas consisting of an encoder module retrofitted onto an existing residential gas meter. In this work, a detailed analysis of real gas consumption rates and patterns from common household appliances is performed and used to simulate the metering performance of a meter equipped with such an encoder module. The simulation is used to establish the optimal encoder resolution for a prototype encoder design that balances cost with performance. Improvements to the algorithms presented in the previous study to analyze the time-resolved data by deducing which appliance is using natural gas are also presented. The design, fabrication, and testing of a prototype encoder module is also presented.

M. Tewolde; J.C. Fritch; J.P. Longtin

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Conceptual design of a coal-fired MHD retrofit. Final technical report  

SciTech Connect

Coal-fired magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) technology is ready for its next level of development - an integrated demonstration at a commercial scale. The development and testing of MHD has shown its potential to be the most efficient, least costly, and cleanest way to burn coal. Test results have verified a greater than 99% removal of sulphur with a potential for greater than 60% efficiency. This development and testing, primarily funded by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), has progressed through the completion of its proof-of-concept (POC) phase at the 50 MWt Component Development and Integration Facility (CDIF) and 28 MWt Coal Fired Flow Facility (CFFF), thereby, providing the basis for demonstration and further commercial development and application of the technology. The conceptual design of a retrofit coal-fired MHD generating plant was originally completed by the MHD Development Corporation (MDC) under this Contract, DE-AC22-87PC79669. Thereafter, this concept was updated and changed to a stand-alone MHD demonstration facility and submitted by MDC to DOE in response to the fifth round of solicitations for Clean Coal Technology. Although not selected, that activity represents the major interest in commercialization by the developing industry and the type of demonstration that would be eventually necessary. This report updates the original executive summary of the conceptual design by incorporating the results of the POC program as well as MDC`s proposed Billings MHD Demonstration Project (BMDP) and outlines the steps necessary for commercialization.

NONE

1994-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

A Study of the Filling of Wall Cavities With Retrofit Wall Insulation.  

SciTech Connect

The Pacific Northwest Power Marketing Agency, the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), conducted a retrofit wall insulation study to determine the effects of various obstructions within a wall cavity, where voids are likely to occur, and preferred filling methods and material types. The insulation test structure was composed of four 8-foot /times/ 12-foot walls, and was built using standard construction practices. The inside walls were clear plastic glazing, instead of gypsum board, to enable viewing of the filling process. A total of eight tests were performed: four cellulose, two rockwool, and two fiberglass. One- and two-hole filling methods were observed. All insulations were found to perform in the same basic manner with all experiencing the same problem areas. Common installer problems were empty spaces at the tops of cavities and missed cavities, especially above headers. Wiring and lath and plaster consistently caused reduced insulation densities in cavities. The problems with wiring, lath and plaster, and other features in the wall cavities were avoided with the use of a filler tube. The filler tube also provided a more consistent fill along the length of the entire cavity. 2 figs., 3 tabs.

Flores, Joseph A.; Grill, Alan R.

1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Consequence modeling for nuclear weapons probabilistic cost/benefit analyses of safety retrofits  

SciTech Connect

The consequence models used in former studies of costs and benefits of enhanced safety retrofits are considered for (1) fuel fires; (2) non-nuclear detonations; and, (3) unintended nuclear detonations. Estimates of consequences were made using a representative accident location, i.e., an assumed mixed suburban-rural site. We have explicitly quantified land- use impacts and human-health effects (e.g. , prompt fatalities, prompt injuries, latent cancer fatalities, low- levels of radiation exposure, and clean-up areas). Uncertainty in the wind direction is quantified and used in a Monte Carlo calculation to estimate a range of results for a fuel fire with uncertain respirable amounts of released Pu. We define a nuclear source term and discuss damage levels of concern. Ranges of damages are estimated by quantifying health impacts and property damages. We discuss our dispersal and prompt effects models in some detail. The models used to loft the Pu and fission products and their particle sizes are emphasized.

Harvey, T.F.; Peters, L.; Serduke, F.J.D.; Hall, C.; Stephens, D.R.

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Review of Prior Commercial Building Energy Efficiency Retrofit Evaluation: A Report to Snohomish Public Utilities District  

SciTech Connect

Snohomish County Public Utilities District (the District or Snohomish PUD) provides electricity to about 325,000 customers in Snohomish County, Washington. The District has an incentive programs to encourage commercial customers to improve energy efficiency: the District partially reimburses the cost of approved retrofits if they provide a level of energy performance improvement that is specified by contract. In 2013 the District contracted with Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory to provide a third-party review of the Monitoring and Verification (M&V) practices the District uses to evaluate whether companies are meeting their contractual obligations. This work helps LBNL understand the challenges faced by real-world practitioners of M&V of energy savings, and builds on a body of related work such as Price et al. (2013). The District selected a typical project for which they had already performed an evaluation. The present report includes the District's original evaluation as well as LBNL's review of their approach. The review is based on the document itself; on investigation of the load data and outdoor air temperature data from the building evaluated in the document; and on phone discussions with Bill Harris of the Snohomish County Public Utilities District. We will call the building studied in the document the subject building, the original Snohomish PUD report will be referred to as the Evaluation, and this discussion by LBNL is called the Review.

Price, Phillip

2014-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retrofit candidate behavioral" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Building America Best Practices Series, Volume 10: Retrofit Techniques and Technologies: Air Sealing  

SciTech Connect

This report was prepared by PNNL for the U.S. Department of Energy Building America Program. The report provides information to home owners who want to make their existing homes more energy efficient by sealing leaks in the building envelope (ceiling, walls, and floors) that let in drafts and let conditioned air escape. The report provides descriptions of 19 key areas of the home where air sealing can improve home performance and energy efficiency. The report includes suggestions on how to find a qualified weatherization or home performance contractor, what to expect in a home energy audit, opportune times for performing air sealing, and what safety and health concerns to be aware of. The report describes some basic building science concepts and topics related to air sealing including ventilation, diagnostic tools, and code requirements. The report will be available for free download from the DOE Building America website. It is a suitable consumer education tool for home performance and weatherization contractors to share with customers to describe the process and value of home energy retrofits.

Baechler, Michael C.; Gilbride, Theresa L.; Hefty, Marye G.; Cole, Pamala C.; Williamson, Jennifer L.; Love, Pat M.

2010-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

382

Designing petrochemical plants to permit retrofitting of any additional controls needed to meet community noise limits.  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Designing petrochemical power or industrial plants to meet community noise limits can be expensive. To meet stringent limits incremental costs often exceed one million dollars per decibel. There is considerable uncertainty including: overly conservative or unrepresentative vendor noise data limitations of ray?tracing software questionable accuracy beyond 1000 m lack of TL and absorption data below 125 Hz unreliable IL data for pipe lagging at all frequencies unexpected operating conditions and vendors not meeting their equipment noise limits. Atmospheric effects can cause variations of A?weighted community noise levels of 25 dB at 100 m from a refinery which can make meeting a not?to?exceed noise limit difficult and risky. Further lack of experience with noise control of any participant (noise controlengineer project owner regulators or vendors) can substantially increase uncertainty. Including sufficient noise controls to cover these uncertainties will be expensive often overly conservative and often unnecessarily expensive. One way to substantially lower costs and risks is designing the plant to permit delaying some but not all controls until start?up—if needed. This paper describes the planning needed to permit a partial reliance on retrofit controls what type of controls can be delayed until start?up and space allocation. Examples are included.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

New Candidate Massive Clusters from 2MASS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Massive stars are important for the evolution of the interstellar medium. The detailed study of their properties (such as mass loss, rotation, magnetic fields) is enormously facilitated by samples of these objects in young massive galactic star clusters. Using 2MASS we have searched for so far unknown candidates of red supergiant clusters along the Galactic Plane. Utilising deep high resolution UKIDSS GPS and VISTA VVV data to study colour-magnitude diagrams, we uncover six new massive cluster candidates in the inner Galaxy. If spectroscopically confirmed as real clusters, two of them could be part of the Scutum-Complex. One cluster candidate has a number of potential red supergiant members comparable to RSGC1 and 3. Our investigation of UKIDSS data reveals for the first time the main sequence of the massive cluster RSGC2. The stars of the sequence show an increased projected density at the same position as the known red supergiants in the cluster and have E(J-K)=1.6mag. This either indicates an unusual extin...

Froebrich, D

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

CMB constraints on light dark matter candidates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Unveiling the nature of cosmic dark matter is an urgent issue in cosmology. Here we make use of a strategy based on the search for the imprints left on the CMB temperature and polarization spectra by the energy deposition due to annihilations of the most promising dark matter candidate, a stable WIMP of mass 1-20 GeV. A major improvement with respect to previous similar studies is a detailed treatment of the annihilation cascade and its energy deposition in the cosmic gas. This is vital as this quantity is degenerate with the annihilation cross-section . The strongest constraints are obtained from Monte Carlo Markov Chains analysis of the combined WMAP7 and SPT datasets up to lmax = 3100. If annihilation occurs via the e+e- channel, a light WIMP can be excluded at 2-{\\sigma} c.l. as a viable DM candidate in the above mass range. However, if annihilation occurs via {\\mu}+{\\mu}- or {\\tau}+{\\tau}- channels instead we find that WIMPs with mass > 5 GeV might represent a viable cosmological DM candidate. We compare...

Evoli, Carmelo; Ferrara, Andrea

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Power Generation Using District Heat: Energy Efficient Retrofitted Plus-energy School Rostock  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The Mathias-Thesen-School in Rostock/Germany is one of few schools which has been retrofitted as an Energy Plus building as part of the energy-efficient school research project “EnEff:Schule” sponsored by the German Ministry of Economics and Technology. The original building complex (build 1960, useful area 2200sqm) is being converted into a compact building by extending the main building with two new buildings connected by light-flooded buffer spaces. Both the existing building and the new buildings will be highly insulated. The low remaining heating demand will be covered using an innovative concept, made reasonable by the low primary energy factor of the district heat in Rostock: A small-scale Organic Rankine Cycle system generates electricity using high-temperature district heat. The excess heat of the generator is then used to heat the building via low-temperature distribution systems. In combination with two small-scale onsite wind turbines and building integrated photovoltaics a positive primary energy balance is achieved. For this balance, the development of the primary energy factors (PEF) of the German electricity mix is crucial: With rising generation from renewable energies the PEF of electricity in Germany is going to descent, leading to higher primary energy factors of cogeneration systems. In the Mathias-Thesen-School in Rostock a detailed monitoring system was installed, which has been checked and reworked for proper functioning. First measures to optimize the HVAC system and user comfort have been taken. The second construction phase will take place in 2014, after which the performance of the ORC system and the Energy Balance will be analyzed in detail.

Simon Winiger; Sebastian Herkel; Gesa Haroske

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Stand-Off Furring in Deep Energy Retrofits, Syracuse, New York (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

IBACOS, in collaboration with GreenHomes America, was contracted by the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority to research exterior wall insulation solutions. This research investigated cost-effective deep energy retrofit (DER) solutions for improving the building shell exterior while achieving a cost-reduction goal, including reduced labor costs to reach a 50/50 split between material and labor. The strategies included exterior wall insulation plus energy upgrades as needed in the attic, mechanical and ventilation systems, and basement band joist, walls, and floors. The work can be integrated with other home improvements such as siding or window replacement. This strategy minimizes physical connections to existing wall studs, encapsulates existing siding materials (including lead paint) with spray foam, and creates a vented rain screen assembly to promote drying. GreenHomes America applied construction details created by IBACOS to a test home. 2x4 framing members were attached to the wall at band joists and top plates using 'L' clips, with spray foam insulating the wall after framing was installed. Windows were installed simultaneously with the framing, including extension jambs. The use of clips in specific areas provided the best strength potential, and 'picture framing' the spray foam held the 2x4s in place. Short-term testing was performed at this house, with monitoring equipment installed for long-term testing. Testing measurements will be provided in a later report, as well as utility impact (before and after), costs (labor and materials), construction time, standard specifications, and analysis for the exterior wall insulation strategy.

Not Available

2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

DEVELOPMENT OF A LOW COST INFERENTIAL NATURAL GAS ENERGY FLOW RATE PROTOTYPE RETROFIT MODULE  

SciTech Connect

In 1998, Southwest Research Institute began a multi-year project to develop a working prototype instrument module for natural gas energy measurement. The module will be used to retrofit a natural gas custody transfer flow meter for energy measurement, at a cost an order of magnitude lower than a gas chromatograph. Development and evaluation of the prototype energy meter in 2002-2003 included: (1) refinement of the algorithm used to infer properties of the natural gas stream, such as heating value; (2) evaluation of potential sensing technologies for nitrogen content, improvements in carbon dioxide measurements, and improvements in ultrasonic measurement technology and signal processing for improved speed of sound measurements; (3) design, fabrication and testing of a new prototype energy meter module incorporating these algorithm and sensor refinements; and (4) laboratory and field performance tests of the original and modified energy meter modules. Field tests of the original energy meter module have provided results in close agreement with an onsite gas chromatograph. The original algorithm has also been tested at a field site as a stand-alone application using measurements from in situ instruments, and has demonstrated its usefulness as a diagnostic tool. The algorithm has been revised to use measurement technologies existing in the module to measure the gas stream at multiple states and infer nitrogen content. The instrumentation module has also been modified to incorporate recent improvements in CO{sub 2} and sound speed sensing technology. Laboratory testing of the upgraded module has identified additional testing needed to attain the target accuracy in sound speed measurements and heating value.

E. Kelner; D. George; T. Morrow; T. Owen; M. Nored; R. Burkey; A. Minachi

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Development of a Dry Sorbent-Based Post Combustion CO2 Capture Technology for Retrofit in Existing Power Plants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dry Sorbent-Based Dry Sorbent-Based Post Combustion CO 2 Capture Technology for Retrofit in Existing Power Plants Background Currently available commercial processes to remove carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) from flue gas streams are costly and energy intensive. RTI International is heading a research team to continue development and scale-up of an innovative process for CO 2 capture that has significant potential to be less expensive and less energy intensive than conventional technologies. The "Dry Carbonate Process" utilizes a dry,

389

Cost-Benefit Analysis of Flexibility Retrofits for Coal and Gas-Fueled Power Plants: August 2012 - December 2013  

SciTech Connect

High penetrations of wind and solar power plants can induce on/off cycling and ramping of fossil-fueled generators. This can lead to wear-and-tear costs and changes in emissions for fossil-fueled generators. Phase 2 of the Western Wind and Solar Integration Study (WWSIS-2) determined these costs and emissions and simulated grid operations to investigate the full impact of wind and solar on the fossil-fueled fleet. This report studies the costs and benefits of retrofitting existing units for improved operational flexibility (i.e., capability to turndown lower, start and stop faster, and ramp faster between load set-points).

Venkataraman, S.; Jordan, G.; O'Connor, M.; Kumar, N.; Lefton, S.; Lew, D.; Brinkman, G.; Palchak, D.; Cochran, J.

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Differential rates for district heating and the influence on the optimal retrofit strategy for multi-family buildings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

When renovating existing multi-family buildings it is very important to implement the best retrofit strategy possible in order to minimize the remaining life-cycle cost for the building. If the building is heated with district heating this strategy of course changes due to the energy rate used by the utility. It is also very important for the utility that the consumer is encouraged to save energy when there is a need for it, i.e. during peak load conditions. Our paper shows that an accurate cost differential rate provides all these facilities.

Stig-Inge Gustafsson; Björn G. Karlsson; Bertil H. Sjöholm

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Evaluation of a Multifamily Retrofit in Climate Zone 5, Boulder, Colorado (Fact Sheet), Building America Case Study: Technology Solutions for New and Existing Homes, Building Technologies Office (BTO)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Evaluation of a Multifamily Evaluation of a Multifamily Retrofit in Climate Zone 5 Boulder, Colorado PROJECT INFORMATION Project Name: Evaluation of a Low-Rise Multifamily Retrofit in Boulder, CO Location: Boulder, CO Consortium of Advanced Residential Buildings www.carb-swa.com Building Component: Building envelope, lighting, appliances, water conservation Application: Retrofit Years Tested: 2012 Applicable Climate Zone(s): Cold, very cold PERFORMANCE DATA Cost of Energy Efficiency Measure (including labor): $3,300-$6,100 per unit with total complex cost estimate of ~$150,000 Projected Energy Savings: 27%-41% depending on unit location/orientation Projected Energy Cost Savings: $154-$304 utility savings per year In 2009, a 37-unit apartment complex located in Boulder, Colorado, underwent

392

IMPROVEMENT TO PIPELINE COMPRESSOR ENGINE RELIABILITY THROUGH RETROFIT MICRO-PILOT IGNITION SYSTEM-PHASE I  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the first year's effort towards a 3-year program to develop micropilot ignition systems for existing pipeline compressor engines. In essence, all Phase I goals and objectives were met. We intend to proceed with the Phase II research plan, as set forth by the applicable Research Management Plan. The objective for Phase I was to demonstrate the feasibility of micropilot ignition for large bore, slow speed engines operating at low compression ratios. The primary elements of Micropilot Phase I were to develop a single-cylinder test chamber to study the injection of pilot fuel into a combustion cylinder and to develop, install and test a multi-cylinder micropilot ignition system for a 4-cylinder, natural gas test engine. In all, there were twelve (12) tasks defined and executed to support these two (2) primarily elements in a stepwise fashion. Task-specific approaches and results are documented in this report. Research activities for Micropilot Phase I were conducted with the understanding that the efforts are expected to result in a commercial product to capture and disseminate the efficiency and environmental benefits of this new technology. An extensive state-of-art review was conducted to leverage the existing body of knowledge of micropilot ignition with respect to retrofit applications. Additionally, commercially-available fuel injection products were identified and applied to the program where appropriate. This approach will minimize the overall time-to-market requirements, while meeting performance and cost criteria. The four-cylinder prototype data was encouraging for the micro-pilot ignition technology when compared to spark ignition. Initial testing results showed: (1) Brake specific fuel consumption of natural gas was improved from standard spark ignition across the map, 1% at full load and 5% at 70% load. (2) 0% misfires for all points on micropilot ignition. Fuel savings were most likely due to this percent misfire improvement. (3) THC (Total Hydrocarbon) emissions were improved significantly at light load, 38% at 70% load. (4) VOC (Volatile Organic Compounds) emissions were improved above 80% load. (5) Coefficient of Variance for the IMEP (Indicated Mean Effective Pressure) was significantly less at lower loads, 76% less at 70%. These preliminary results will be substantiated and enhanced during Phase II of the Micropilot Ignition program.

Ted Bestor

2003-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

393

Conceptual design of a coal-fired MHD retrofit plant. Topical report, Seed Regeneration System Study 2  

SciTech Connect

Westinghouse Advanced Energy Systems (WAES), through Contract No. DE-AC22-87PC79668 funded by US DOE/PETC, is conducting a conceptual design study to evaluate a coal-fired magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) retrofit of a utility plant of sufficient size to demonstrate the technical and future economic viability of an MHD system operating within an electric utility environment. The objective of this topical report is to document continuing seed regeneration system application studies and the definition of will system integration requirements for the Scholz MHD retrofit plant design. MHD power plants require the addition of a seeding material in the form of potassium to enhance the ionization of the high temperature combustion gas in the MHD channel. This process has an added environmental advantage compared to other types of coal-fired power plants in that the potassium combines with the naturally occurring sulfur in the coal to form a potassium sulfate flyash (K{sub 2}SO{sub 4}) which can be removed from the process by appropriate particulate control equipment. Up to 100% of the Sulfur in the coal can be removed by this process thereby providing environmentally clean power plant operation that is better than required by present and anticipated future New Source Performance Standards (NSPS).

Not Available

1992-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

A techno-economic analysis of cost savings for retrofitting industrial aerial coolers with variable frequency drives  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A techno-economic model was created in order to develop curves that show the typical annual energy savings, rate of return, and payback for retrofitting aerial coolers with variable frequency drives (VFDs) for up to 50 motors, motor sizes from 4 to 186 kW (5–250 hp), and varying climate conditions. The cost savings due to installing a VFD depends on the reduction in energy used, as well as the reduction in power demand, the capital cost of the VFD, installation cost of the VFD, change in operating cost, and cost of electricity. The geographic locations examined in this report were Fort McMurray, Calgary, Vancouver, and Thunder Bay. This study found that the IRR increases rapidly with motor size, becomes greater than 10% at a motor size of approximately 15 kW, and may be as high as 220% (for the case of fifty, 186 kW motors). The IRR is sensitive to the number of fan motors retrofitted with VFDs, however the sensitivity rapidly declines as the number of motors is increased beyond five. The simple payback period becomes less than 1 year and nearly independent of number of motors and motor size for motors larger than 90 kW. Ambient temperature and geographic location affect the profitability of the investment, although the IRR only changes by approximately 4%.

Patrick Miller; Babatunde Olateju; Amit Kumar

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Successful low NO{sub x} burner retrofit at Delmarva Power`s Edge Moor {number_sign}5  

SciTech Connect

A team approach between the low NO{sub x} burner supplier, the architect engineer and the utility customer has led to a successful NO{sub x} reduction program that was brought in on time and under budget. Delmarva Power`s Edge Moor No. 5 a 440 MW ``El Paso`` style oil and natural gas fired unit, was successfully retrofitted with twenty-eight (28) TODD Combustion Dynaswirl-LN burners. A 55% reduction in NO{sub x} was achieved compared to the existing system of burners and overfire air; a 40% reduction was achieved with the OFA set at minimum. In addition to the NO{sub x} reduction, CO and opacity problems were reduced, excess O{sub 2} was reduced, steam temperatures were maintained and FD fan requirements were reduced. A combination of windbox modeling and advanced atomization techniques allowed the OFA ports to be fully opened, enhancing their NO{sub x} reduction effectiveness. The results presented in this paper are the first part of an on going study to determine the long term effectiveness of a LNB retrofit on NO{sub x} emission rates.

Deater, S.W.; Ward, H.J. [Delmarva Power and Light Co., Wilmington, DE (United States); Paschadag, A.E. [Burns and Roe Co., Oradell, NJ (United States); Schindler, E.S.; Guarco, J.P. [TODD Combustion, Inc., Shelton, CT (United States)

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

396

UCD Candidates in the Hydra Cluster  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NGC 3311, the giant cD galaxy in the Hydra cluster (A1060), has one of the largest globular cluster systems known. We describe new Gemini GMOS (g',i') photometry of the NGC 3311 field which reveals that the red, metal-rich side of its globular cluster population extends smoothly upward into the mass range associated with the new class of Ultra-Compact Dwarfs (UCDs). We identify 29 UCD candidates with estimated masses > 6x10^6 solar masses and discuss their characteristics. This UCD-like sequence is the most well defined one yet seen, and reinforces current ideas that the high-mass end of the globular cluster sequence merges continuously into the UCD sequence, which connects in turn to the E galaxy structural sequence.

Elizabeth Wehner; William Harris

2007-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

397

Searching for X(5) behavior in nuclei  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

We have searched even-even nuclei with Z>~20, N>~20 to find examples displaying the predicted characteristics of X(5) critical point behavior. On the basis of the yrast state energies and yrast intraband transition strengths, the best candidates are 126Ba, 130Ce, and the previously suggested examples of the N=90 isotones of Nd, Sm, Gd, and Dy.

R. M. Clark; M. Cromaz; M. A. Deleplanque; M. Descovich; R. M. Diamond; P. Fallon; R. B. Firestone; I. Y. Lee; A. O. Macchiavelli; H. Mahmud; E. Rodriguez-Vieitez; F. S. Stephens; D. Ward

2003-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

398

Including fuel price elasticity of demand in net present value and payback time calculations of thermal retrofits: Case study of German dwellings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the domestic heating sector a number of different mathematical models are used to evaluate the economic viability of thermal retrofit measures. Currently, however, none of these models incorporate the effect of fuel price elasticity of demand. This paper offers a method for incorporating a factor for fuel price elasticity into models for assessing the net present value and payback time of thermal retrofits of existing homes. A set of working equations is developed, and empirically tested in a case study, a housing estate retrofit project in Ludwigshafen, Germany. The value used in these equations for year-on-year price elasticity, ?0.476, is derived from further empirical studies. The inclusion of price elasticity is found to lower the net present value by 14–24% and lengthen the payback time by 5 years in some cases, and hundreds of years in others. It also shows CO2 saved over the technical lifetime of the retrofit measures to be 15–24% lower than anticipated. These findings have implications for government policy and investment decisions of businesses, private households and housing providers.

Ray Galvin; Minna Sunikka-Blank

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

In Proc. 1996 ACEEE Summer Study, August 1996, Asilomar, CA Field Measurements of Efficiency and Duct Retrofit Effectiveness in Residential Forced air  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

% and a corresponding average decrease in HVAC energy use of 18%. This paper summarizes the pre- and post to large energy bills for home owners and to large peak demands for utilities. Some previous studies have% reduction in heating energy consumption. · Cummings et al. performed pre- and post-duct retrofit

400

Objective: Determine the energy use of two greenhouse insulation technologies (a bubble insulation system and an energy/shade screen) retrofitted into plastic covered greenhouses, and compare the  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

compared to the unimproved house. The bubble insulation system was more energy efficient than the other two roughly twice the savings stated above. Novel Approaches to Improve Energy Efficiency in Northern New system and an energy/shade screen) retrofitted into plastic covered greenhouses, and compare

Vermont, University of

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retrofit candidate behavioral" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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401

District heating and cooling systems for communities through power plant retrofit distribution network. Phase 2. Final report, 1 March 1980-31 January 1984. Volume VII. Appendix C  

SciTech Connect

This volume contains: Hudson No. 2 Limited Retrofit Cost Estimates provided by Stone and Webster Engineering Corp. (SWEC); backup data and basis of estimate for SWEC Heater Plant and Gas Turbine Plant (Kearny No. 12) cost estimates; and Appendices - Analysis of Relevant Tax Laws.

Not Available

1984-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

402

District heating and cooling systems for communities through power plant retrofit distribution network. Phase 2. Final report, March 1, 1980-January 31, 1984. Volume IV  

SciTech Connect

This volume contains the following: discussion of cost estimating methodology, detailed cost estimates of Hudson No. 2 retrofit, intermediate thermal plant (Kearny No. 12) and local heater plants; transmission and distribution cost estimate; landfill gas cost estimate; staged development scenarios; economic evaluation; fuel use impact; air quality impact; and alternatives to district heating.

Not Available

1984-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

403

Romney, Obama surrogates spell out candidates’ energy policies  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Presidential candidates differ sharply on government involvement in energy R&D and climate change. But both favor more nuclear power and fracking.

David Kramer

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Simplified Space Conditioning in Low-Load Homes: Results from the Fresno, California, Retrofit Unoccupied Test House  

SciTech Connect

Field testing was performed in a retrofit unoccupied test house in Fresno, California. Three air-based heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) distribution systems -- a typical airflow ducted system to the bedrooms, a low airflow ducted system to the bedrooms, and a system with no ductwork to the bedrooms -- were evaluated during heating, cooling, and midseason conditions. The relative ability of each of the three systems was assessed with respect to relevant Air Conditioning Contractors of America (ACCA) and ASHRAE standards for house temperature uniformity and stability, respectively. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) modeling also was performed and refined based on comparison to field test results to determine the air flow rate into the bedrooms of over-door and bottom-of-door air transfer grilles.

Stecher, D.; Poerschke, A.

2014-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

RM12-2703 Advanced Rooftop Unit Control Retrofit Kit Field Demonstration: Hawaii and Guam Energy Improvement Technology Demonstration Project  

SciTech Connect

As part of its overall strategy to meet its energy goals, the Naval Facilities Engineering Command (NAVFAC) partnered with U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) to rapidly demonstrate and deploy cost-effective renewable energy and energy efficiency technologies. This was one of several demonstrations of new and underutilized commercial energy efficiency technologies. The consistent year-round demand for air conditioning and dehumidification in Hawaii provides an advantageous demonstration location for advanced rooftop control (ARC) retrofit kits to packaged rooftop units (RTUs). This report summarizes the field demonstration of ARCs installed on nine RTUs serving a 70,000-ft2 exchange store (large retail) and two RTUs, each serving small office buildings located on Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam (JBPHH).

Doebber, I.; Dean, J.; Dominick, J.; Holland, G.

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

SPRAY FOAM IN ACCESSIBLE SPACES:BEST PRACTICES AND CASE STUDIES FOR RETROFIT IN MIXED-HUMID CLIMATE  

SciTech Connect

Heating and cooling the house is one of the homeowners major expenses. Reducing these costs, saving energy, and creating a healthier, more comfortable indoor environment are good reasons to consider improving the building thermal envelope. Improvements usually consider increasing the amount of insulation, reducing the infiltration of outside air, and controlling moisture in existing buildings. This report describes the use of spray foam materials to insulate, seal, and control moisture. This discussion is limited to treating areas that are accessible. What is accessible, however, can vary depending on the type of renovation. If the building has been gutted or exterior surfaces removed, there are more options. This report will look at areas to consider for spray foam application and discuss the types of spray foams available and their uses. A number of case studies are presented to show the effectiveness of this retrofit in existing houses based on performance data.

Christian, Jeffrey E [ORNL] [ORNL; Gant, Kathy [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)] [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Lockout/Tagout Job-Performance Measure Candidate Name (Print)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lockout/Tagout Job-Performance Measure Candidate Name (Print) Life/Guest/Contractor Number is administered. ______________________ Date of Lockout/Tagout training (classroom or web) I verify that the candidate above has received hands-on training and practice in the Lockout/Tagout process(es) indicated

Ohta, Shigemi

408

Requests by Political Candidates to Tour DOE Facilities  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

REQUESTS BY POLITICAL CANDIDATES TO TOUR DOE FACILITIES REQUESTS BY POLITICAL CANDIDATES TO TOUR DOE FACILITIES * Requests by political candidates to tour DOE facilities are subject to the provisions of the Hatch Act; the statute regulating the political activity of Federal employees. Any proposed site visit by a candidate MUST go through legal review before it can go forward. DOE employees authorizing prohibited political activities by candidates in DOE facilities or on DOE property are subject to penalties under the Hatch act. * DOE employees may not engage in political activity: (1) while on duty; (2) while on Federal property or in a room or building engaged for the purpose of conducting official duties; (3) while wearing a uniform or other item identifying the employee as a Federal employee; or (4) while using a government vehicle. Federal employees may not engage

409

Dinosaur behavior  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dinosaur behavior Dinosaur behavior Name: kevv Status: N/A Age: N/A Location: N/A Country: N/A Date: Around 1993 Question: Did the movie Jurassic Park accurately reflect the known behavior of dinosaurs? Replies: Well, since we do not have an accurate record of that time period (Man showed up about ten million years after T-rex thundered across the plains of Antarctica *grin*) so we cannot say for certain WHAT the dinosaurs did. However, since they were wild animals, we can extrapolate from their modern contemporaries and from our knowledge of their individual anatomies what kind of behaviors they exhibited. A predator with large claws probably hunts by slashing and by piercing and holding on to prey. An herbivore with large spikes growing on its tail probably used them to fend off attackers like a spiked club -- I do not think it was much of a fashion statement

410

A bottom-up energy analysis across a diverse urban building portfolio: retrofits for the buildings at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, UK  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract A methodology for the analysis of building energy retrofits has been developed for a diverse set of buildings at the Royal Botanic Gardens (RBG), Kew in southwest London, UK. The methodology requires selection of appropriate building simulation tools dependent on the nature of the principal energy demand. This has involved the development of a stand-alone model to simulate the heat flow in botanical glasshouses, as well as stochastic simulation of electricity demand for buildings with high equipment density and occupancy-led operation. Application of the methodology to the buildings at RBG Kew illustrates the potential reduction in energy consumption at the building scale achievable from the application of retrofit measures deemed appropriate for heritage buildings and the potential benefit to be gained from onsite generation and supply of energy.

R.M. Ward; R. Choudhary

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Fitting It All Together: How Courtship- and Mating-Responsive Genes Affect Drosophila melanogaster Male Behavior  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by utilizing microarray technology to assess courtship- or mating-induced gene expression changes in Drosophila male whole bodies or heads. Mutations in candidate loci were tested for effects on reproductive behaviors and present the first data showing...

Ellis, Lisa Lynn

2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

412

Senior Executive Service Candidate Development Program | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Service Candidate Development Program Service Candidate Development Program Senior Executive Service Candidate Development Program The Office of Learning and Workforce Development coordinates applications for all DOE Federal Employees. Overview The Department of Energy's (DOE) Senior Executive Service (SES) Candidate Development Program (SESCDP) is a critical component of the Department's succession planning strategy for executives. We currently project approximately from 25 to 50 Senior Executive vacancies every year over the next several years. DOE's SESCDP is intended to produce a cadre of SES-ready federal employees capable of being placed non-competitively into SES vacancies. Although successful completion of the SESCDP does not guarantee placement into an SES position, it does result in

413

FWS - Candidate Species List under the Endangered Species Act...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

what a candidate species is under Section 4 of the Endangered Species Act. Author U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Published U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, 2011 DOI Not Provided...

414

Heat Exchanger Network Design and Economic Analysis for Coal-fired Power Plant retrofitted with CO2 Capture  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Addition of CO2 capture unit to an existing power plant to satisfy environmental regulations has adverse effects on the energy efficiency of the power plant. Heat integration through proper design of heat exchanger network (HEN) remains the most effective way to reduce this energy penalty as well as reducing CO2 emission. Pinch technology remains the most widely used techniques due to its physical insight. This paper aims to present HEN design and economic analysis for power plant retrofitted with post-combustion CO2 capture. The benchmark presented is based on the recent work of Khalilpour and Abbas (2011) (i.e. Ref. [1]). Improvements to Khalilpour and Abbas (2011) include: (1) the use of cost and economic data to evaluate achievable trade-offs between energy, capital and utility cost. This is to determine the optimal minimum temperature difference; (2) redesigning of HEN with the newly determined minimum temperature difference and (3) its comparison with the HEN design presented in Ref. [1]. The results show that the energy penalty imposed on the power plant with CO2 capture plant can be reduced through heat integration of HEN, thus utility cost savings was maximized and the cost of addition of HEN was recovered within a short payback period of about 2.8 years.

Salihu Adamu Girei; Meihong Wang; Aminu Alhaji Hamisu

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

E-Print Network 3.0 - autism candidate gene Sample Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

, presumably causing ASD. For extracting ASD candidate genes, we developed an analysis pipeline for rare... Atlas", ASD candidate genes have ... Source: Hochreiter, Sepp -...

416

ADVANCED FLUE GAS CONDITIONING AS A RETROFIT UPGRADE TO ENHANCE PM COLLECTION FROM COAL-FIRED ELECTRIC UTILITY BOILERS  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy and ADA Environmental Solutions are engaged in a project to develop commercial flue gas conditioning additives. The objective is to develop conditioning agents that can help improve particulate control performance of smaller or under-sized electrostatic precipitators on utility coal-fired boilers. The new chemicals will be used to control both the electrical resistivity and the adhesion or cohesivity of the fly ash. There is a need to provide cost-effective and safer alternatives to traditional flue gas conditioning with SO{sub 3} and ammonia. During this reporting quarter, performance testing of flue gas conditioning was completed at the PacifiCorp Jim Bridger Power Plant. The product tested, ADA-43, was a combination resistivity modifier with cohesivity polymers. The product was effective as a flue gas conditioner. However, ongoing problems with in-duct deposition resulting from the flue gas conditioning were not entirely resolved. Primarily these problems were the result of difficulties encountered with retrofit of an existing spray humidification system. Eventually it proved necessary to replace all of the original injection lances and to manually bypass the PLC-based air/liquid feed control. This yielded substantial improvement in spray atomization and system reliability. However, the plant opted not to install a permanent system. Also in this quarter, preparations continued for a test of the cohesivity additives at the American Electric Power Conesville Plant, Unit 3. This plant fires a bituminous coal and has opacity and particulate emissions performance issues related to fly ash re-entrainment. Ammonia conditioning is employed here on one unit, but there is interest in liquid cohesivity additives as a safer alternative.

Kenneth E. Baldrey

2002-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Dark matter candidate in an extended type III seesaw scenario  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The type III seesaw mechanism for neutrino mass generation usually makes use of at least two $Y = 0$, $SU(2)_L$ lepton triplets. We augment such a model with a third triplet and a sterile neutrino, both of which are odd under a conserved $\\Z_2$ symmetry. With all new physics confined to the $\\Z_2$-odd sector, whose low energy manifestation is in some higher-dimensional operators, a fermionic dark matter candidate is found to emerge. We identify the region of the parameter space of the scenario, which is consistent with all constraints from relic density and direct searches, and allows a wide range of masses for the dark matter candidate.

Chaudhuri, Avinanda; Mukhopadhyaya, Biswarup; Rakshit, Subhendu

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

The characterization and testing of candidate immobilization forms for the disposal of plutonium.  

SciTech Connect

Candidate immobilization forms for the disposal of surplus weapons-useable are being tested and characterized. The goal of the testing program was to provide sufficient data that, by August 1997, an informed selection of a single immobilization form could be made so that the form development and production R and D could be more narrowly focused. Two forms have been under consideration for the past two years: glass and ceramic. In August, 1997, the Department of Energy (DOE) selected ceramic for plutonium disposition, halting further work on the glass material. In this paper, we will briefly describe these two waste forms, then describe our characterization techniques and testing methods. The analytical methods used to characterize altered and unaltered samples are the same. A full suite of microscopic techniques is used. Techniques used include optical, scanning electron, and transmission electron microscopies. For both candidate immobilization forms, the analyses are used to characterize the material for the presence of crystalline phases and amorphous material. Crystalline materials, either in the untested immobilization form or in the alteration products from testing, are characterized with respect to morphology, crystal structure, and composition. The goal of these analyses is to provide data on critical issues such as Pu and neutron absorber volubility in the immobilization form, thermal stability, potential separation of absorber and Pu, and the long-term behavior of the materials. Results from these analyses will be discussed in the presentation. Testing methods include MCC-1 tests, product consistency tests (methods A and B), unsaturated ''drip'' tests, vapor hydration tests, single-pass flow-through tests, and pressurized unsaturated flow tests. Both candidate immobilization forms have very low dissolution rates; examples of typical test results will be reported.

Bakel, A. J.; Buck, E. C.; Chamberlain, D. B.; Ebbinghaus, B. B.; Fortner, J. A.; Marra, J. C.; Mcgrail, B. P.; Mertz, C. J.; Peeler, D. K.; Shaw, H. F.; Strachan, D. M.; Van Konynenburg, R. A.; Vienna, J. D.; Wolf, S. F.

1997-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

419

LaSrVO4: a candidate for the spin-orbital liquid state  

SciTech Connect

A layered perovskite LaSrVO4 was studied by neutron diraction, pair distribution function measurement using synchrotron x-ray, susceptibility and specific heat measurements, and first-principles calculation. The results show (i) a weak structural distortion around 100 K with the existence of orbital fluctuations both above and below it; (ii) the absence of the long range magnetic ordering down to 0.35 K but the appearance of a short range magnetic ordering around 11 K with a T2 behavior of the specic heat below it. Meanwhile, the calculation based on the density functional theory predicts a magnetic ordered ground state. All facts indicate a melting of the magnetic ordering due to the orbital fluctuations in LaSrVO4, which makes it a rare candidate for the spin-orbital liquid state related to t2g orbitals.

Dun, Z. L. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK)] [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Garlea, Vasile O [ORNL] [ORNL; Ren, Y. [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL)] [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL); Choi, E. [National High Magnetic Field Laboratory (Magnet Lab), Florida] [National High Magnetic Field Laboratory (Magnet Lab), Florida; Zhang, H. M. [Southeast University, Nanjing, China] [Southeast University, Nanjing, China; Dong, S. [Southeast University, Nanjing, China] [Southeast University, Nanjing, China; Zhou, H. D. [University of Tennessee (UT)] [University of Tennessee (UT)

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

Bay Ridge Gardens - Mixed Humid Affordable Multifamily Housing Deep Energy Retrofit, Annapolis, Maryland (Fact Sheet), Building America Case Study: Efficient Solutions for New and Existing Homes, Building Technologies Office (BTO)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Bay Ridge Gardens-Mixed Bay Ridge Gardens-Mixed Humid Affordable Multifamily Housing Deep Energy Retrofit Annapolis, Maryland PROJECT INFORMATION Construction: Existing Type: Apartment building: Bay Ridge Gardens Annapolis, MD www.bayridgegardens.com Size: 12 apartment units, 713 ft 2 and 909 ft 2 each Year of construction: 1970s Date completed: 2013 Climate Zone: Mixed-humid PERFORMANCE DATA Pre-retrofit annual energy use (normalized): 28.4 kilowatt-hour per square foot (kWh/ft 2 ) Post-retrofit annual energy use (normalized): 16.3 kWh/ft 2 Percent energy savings: 43% Incremental cost of energy efficiency measures: $85,996 Monetized annual energy savings: $6,900 Savings to Investment Ratio: 1.1 Significant energy savings-43% in this case-are possible in older multifamily

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retrofit candidate behavioral" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Spectral Energy and Age Distributions for 51 Globular Cluster Candidates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper is the fourth in a series presenting spectrophotometry of 51 globular cluster candidates, that were detected by Mochejska et al. in the nearby galaxy M33 using the data collected by the DIRECT project. The frames of M33 in this study were taken as part of the BATC Multicolor Sky Survey. We obtained the spectral energy distributions of these candidates in 13 intermediate-band filters. By comparing the integrated photometric measurements with theoretical stellar population synthesis models of Bruzual & Charlot, we estimated their ages. The BC96 models provide the evolution in time of the spectrophotometric properties of simple stellar populations for a wide range of stellar metallicity. Our results show that half of the candidates are younger than 10^8 years, whose age degeneracy is not pronounced. We also find that globular clusters formed continuously in M33 from ~4*10^6 -- 10^{10} years. Our results are in agreement with Chandar et al., who estimated ages for 35 globular clusters candidates in...

Ma, J; Chen, J; Wu, H; Kong, X; Jiang, Z; Xue, S; Zhu, J; Ma, Jun; Zhou, Xu; Chen, Jiansheng; Wu, Hong; Kong, Xu; Jiang, Zhaoji; Xue, Suijian; Zhu, Jin

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Practicum Handbook A Guide for Teacher Candidates, Associate Teachers,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

B O O K 14 Practicum During the practicum, Teacher Candidates learn through participation and co-operation Act (Revised Statutes of Ontario, as amended); Regulation 298 Operation of Schools General (Revised with students (children, adolescent or adult), parents, other teachers, principals, other school personnel

Abolmaesumi, Purang

423

Cryogenic Chiral Chromatography for Rapid Resolution of Drug Candidates  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Cryogenic Chiral Chromatography for Rapid Resolution of Drug Candidates ... The chromatographic resolution of three racemates is presented at temperature areas extending to the cryogenic area, down to ?25 °C. ... Although none of the studied compounds could be completely separated at room temperature, a baseline separation was achieved at cryogenic temperatures. ...

Martti Alkio; Olli Aaltonen; Harri Setälä

2005-09-13T23:59:59.000Z

424

Highpressure behavior of iron carbide (Fe7C3) at inner core conditions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Highpressure behavior of iron carbide (Fe7C3) at inner core conditions Mainak Mookherjee,1 Yoichi at high pressures have demonstrated that Fe7C3 iron carbide is a likely candidate for the Earth's inner behavior of iron carbide (Fe7C3) at inner core conditions, J. Geophys. Res., 116, B04201, doi:10

Steinle-Neumann, Gerd

425

Potentiodynamic polarization studies on candidate container alloys for the Tuff Repository  

SciTech Connect

Cortest Columbus Technologies, Inc. (CC Technologies) is investigating the long-term performance of container materials used for high-level radioactive waste packages. This information is being developed for the Nuclear Regulatory Commission to aid in their assessment of the Department of Energy`s application to construct a geologic repository for disposal of high-level radioactive waste. This report summarizes the results of cyclic-potentiodynamic-polarization (CCP) studies performed on candidate container materials for the Tuff Repository. The CPP technique was used to provide an understanding of how specific variables such as environmental composition, temperature, alloy composition, and welding affect both the general- and localized-corrosion behavior of two copper-base and two Fe-Cr-Ni alloys in simulated repository environments. A statistically-designed test solution matrix was formulated, based on an extensive search of the literature, to evaluate the possible range of environmental species that may occur in the repository over the life of the canister. Forty-two CPP curves were performed with each alloy and the results indicated that several different types of corrosion were possible. The copper-base alloys exhibited unusual CCP behavior in that hysteresis was not always associated with pitting. The effects of temperature on the corrosions behavior were evaluated in two types of tests; isothermal tests at temperatures from 50{degrees}C to 90{degrees}C and heat-transfer tests where the solution was maintained at 50{degrees}C and the specimen was internally heated to 90{degrees}C. In the isothermal test, CPP curves were obtained with each alloy in simulated environments at 50{degrees}C, 75{degrees}C, and 90{degrees}C. The results of these CCP experiments indicated that no systematic trends were evident for the environments tested. Lastly, the effects of welding on the corrosion behavior of the alloys in simulated environments were examined.

Thompson, N.G.; Beavers, J.A.; Durr, C.L. [Cortest Columbus Technologies, OH (United States)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Toxecon Retrofit for Mercury and Mulit-Pollutant Control on Three 90-MW Coal-Fired Boilers  

SciTech Connect

This U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Clean Coal Power Initiative (CCPI) project was based on a cooperative agreement between We Energies and the DOE Office of Fossil Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) to design, install, evaluate, and demonstrate the EPRI-patented TOXECON{trademark} air pollution control process. Project partners included Cummins & Barnard, ADA-ES, and the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI). The primary goal of this project was to reduce mercury emissions from three 90-MW units that burn Powder River Basin coal at the We Energies Presque Isle Power Plant in Marquette, Michigan. Additional goals were to reduce nitrogen oxide (NO{sub x}), sulfur dioxide (SO{sub 2}), and particulate matter emissions; allow reuse and sale of fly ash; advance commercialization of the technology; demonstrate a reliable mercury continuous emission monitor (CEM) suitable for use at power plants; and demonstrate recovery of mercury from the sorbent. Mercury was controlled by injection of activated carbon upstream of the TOXECON{trademark} baghouse, which achieved more than 90% removal on average over a 44-month period. During a two-week test involving trona injection, SO{sub 2} emissions were reduced by 70%, although no coincident removal of NOx was achieved. The TOXECON{trademark} baghouse also provided enhanced particulate control, particularly during startup of the boilers. On this project, mercury CEMs were developed and tested in collaboration with Thermo Fisher Scientific, resulting in a reliable CEM that could be used in the power plant environment and that could measure mercury as low as 0.1 {micro}g/m{sup 3}. Sorbents were injected downstream of the primary particulate collection device, allowing for continued sale and beneficial use of captured fly ash. Two methods for recovering mercury using thermal desorption on the TOXECON{trademark} PAC/ash mixture were successfully tested during this program. Two methods for using the TOXECON{trademark} PAC/ash mixture in structural concrete were also successfully developed and tested. This project demonstrated a significant reduction in the rate of emissions from Presque Isle Units 7, 8, and 9, and substantial progress toward establishing the design criteria for one of the most promising mercury control retrofit technologies currently available. The Levelized Cost for 90% mercury removal at this site was calculated at $77,031 per pound of mercury removed with a capital cost of $63,189 per pound of mercury removed. Mercury removal at the Presque Isle Power Plant averages approximately 97 pounds per year.

Steven Derenne; Robin Stewart

2009-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

427

Coal Direct Chemical Looping Retrofit to Pulverized Coal Power Plants for In-Situ CO2 Capture  

SciTech Connect

A novel Coal Direct Chemical Looping (CDCL) system is proposed to effectively capture CO2 from existing PC power plants. The work during the past three years has led to an oxygen carrier particle with satisfactory performance. Moreover, successful laboratory, bench scale, and integrated demonstrations have been performed. The proposed project further advanced the novel CDCL technology to sub-pilot scale (25 kWth). To be more specific, the following objectives attained in the proposed project are: 1. to further improve the oxygen carrying capacity as well as the sulfur/ash tolerance of the current (working) particle; 2. to demonstrate continuous CDCL operations in an integrated mode with > 99% coal (bituminous, subbituminous, and lignite) conversion as well as the production of high temperature exhaust gas stream that is suitable for steam generation in existing PC boilers; 3. to identify, via demonstrations, the fate of sulfur and NOx; 4. to conduct thorough techno-economic analysis that validates the technical and economical attractiveness of the CDCL system. The objectives outlined above were achieved through collaborative efforts among all the participants. CONSOL Energy Inc. performed the techno-economic analysis of the CDCL process. Shell/CRI was able to perform feasibility and economic studies on the large scale particle synthesis and provide composite particles for the sub-pilot scale testing. The experience of B&W (with boilers) and Air Products (with handling gases) assisted the retrofit system design as well as the demonstration unit operations. The experience gained from the sub-pilot scale demonstration of the Syngas Chemical Looping (SCL) process at OSU was able to ensure the successful handling of the solids. Phase 1 focused on studies to improve the current particle to better suit the CDCL operations. The optimum operating conditions for the reducer reactor such as the temperature, char gasification enhancer type, and flow rate were identified. The modifications of the existing bench scale reactor were completed in order to use it in the next phase of the project. In Phase II, the optimum looping medium was selected, and bench scale demonstrations were completed using them. Different types of coal char such as those obtained from bituminous, subbituminous, and lignite were tested. Modifications were made on the existing sub-pilot scale unit for coal injection. Phase III focused on integrated CDCL demonstration in the sub-pilot scale unit. A comprehensive ASPEN® simulations and economic analysis was completed by CONSOL t is expected that the CDCL process will be ready for further demonstrations in a scale up unit upon completion of the proposed project.

Zeng, Liang; Li, Fanxing; Kim, Ray; Bayham, Samuel; McGiveron, Omar; Tong, Andrew; Connell, Daniel; Luo, Siwei; Sridhar, Deepak; Wang, Fei; Sun, Zhenchao; Fan, Liang-Shih

2013-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

428

Making the ‘rebound effect’ more useful for performance evaluation of thermal retrofits of existing homes: Defining the ‘energy savings deficit’ and the ‘energy performance gap’  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Concern has recently intensified regarding increases in the consumption of energy services that often follow energy efficiency improvements, a phenomenon widely called the ‘rebound effect’. However, while some economists have precisely defined this as a metric, much discussion in academic and policy literature is imprecise, leading to confusion and miscommunication. This is especially so regarding direct ‘rebound effects’ in thermal retrofits of existing homes. This study surveys common usages of the term ‘rebound effect’ in domestic heating, identifying three main metrics, which employ different mathematical forms and therefore give different results, but are often lumped together. It defines these as the ‘classic’ rebound effect; the ‘energy savings deficit’, and the ‘energy performance gap’. It then applies these to an empirical case study of three recently retrofitted 30-apartment buildings in Germany. It finds that each metric gives different results for identical situations, ranging from 2.0% to 29.9% for one building, 15.7% to 56.8% for the second, and 43.7% to 272.9% for the third. This may be one reason so-called ‘rebound effect’ results from various studies are so disparate. Nevertheless, specific uses are identified for each of the three metrics, provided their precise definitions are made clear.

Ray Galvin

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

A SAMPLE OF CANDIDATE RADIO STARS IN FIRST AND SDSS  

SciTech Connect

We conduct a search for radio stars by combining radio and optical data from the FIRST survey and the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS). The faint limit of SDSS makes possible a homogeneous search for radio emission from stars of low optical luminosity. We select a sample of 112 candidate radio stars in the magnitude range 15 < i {approx}< 19.1 and with radio flux S {sub 20} {>=} 1.25 mJy, from about 7000 deg{sup 2} of sky. The selection criteria are positional coincidence within 1'', radio and optical point source morphology, and an SDSS spectrum classified as stellar. The sample contamination is estimated by random matching to be 108 {+-} 13, suggesting that at most a small fraction of the selected candidates are genuine radio stars. Therefore, we rule out a very rare population of extremely radio-loud stars: no more than 1.2 of every million stars in the magnitude range 15 < i < 19.1 stars has radio flux S {sub 20} {>=} 1.25 mJy. We investigate the optical and radio colors of the sample to find candidates that show the largest likelihood of being real radio stars. The significant outliers from the stellar locus, as well as the magnetically active stars, are the best candidates for follow-up radio observations. We conclude that, while the present wide-area radio surveys are not sensitive enough to provide homogeneous samples of the extremely rare radio stars, upcoming surveys that exploit the great sensitivity of current and planned telescopes do have sufficient sensitivity and will allow the properties of this class of object to be investigated in detail.

Kimball, Amy E.; Ivezic, Zeljko; Plotkin, Richard M. [Department of Astronomy, University of Washington, Box 351580, Seattle, WA 98195-1580 (United States); Knapp, Gillian R.; Gordon, Michael S. [Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544 (United States); West, Andrew A.; Bochanski, John J. [Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space Research, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States)], E-mail: akimball@astro.washington.edu

2009-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

430

Identification of new transitional disk candidates in Lupus with Herschel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

New data from the Herschel Space Observatory are broadening our understanding of the physics and evolution of the outer regions of protoplanetary disks in star forming regions. In particular they prove to be useful to identify transitional disk candidates. The goals of this work are to complement the detections of disks and the identification of transitional disk candidates in the Lupus clouds with data from the Herschel Gould Belt Survey. We extracted photometry at 70, 100, 160, 250, 350 and 500 $\\mu$m of all spectroscopically confirmed Class II members previously identified in the Lupus regions and analyzed their updated spectral energy distributions. We have detected 34 young disks in Lupus in at least one Herschel band, from an initial sample of 123 known members in the observed fields. Using the criteria defined in Ribas et al. (2013) we have identified five transitional disk candidates in the region. Three of them are new to the literature. Their PACS-70 $\\mu$m fluxes are systematically higher than thos...

Bustamante, I; Ribas, Á; Bouy, H; Prusti, T; Pilbratt, G L; André, Ph

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

NEW YOUNG STAR CANDIDATES IN CG4 AND Sa101  

SciTech Connect

The CG4 and Sa101 regions together cover a region of {approx}0.5 deg{sup 2} in the vicinity of a 'cometary globule' that is part of the Gum Nebula. There are seven previously identified young stars in this region; we have searched for new young stars using mid- and far-infrared data (3.6-70 {mu}m) from the Spitzer Space Telescope, combined with ground-based optical data and near-infrared data from the Two Micron All Sky Survey. We find infrared excesses in all six of the previously identified young stars in our maps and identify 16 more candidate young stars based on apparent infrared excesses. Most (73%) of the new young stars are Class II objects. There is a tighter grouping of young stars and young star candidates in the Sa101 region, in contrast to the CG4 region, where there are fewer young stars and young star candidates, and they are more dispersed. Few likely young objects are found in the 'fingers' of the dust being disturbed by the ionization front from the heart of the Gum Nebula.

Rebull, L. M.; Laine, S.; Laher, R.; Legassie, M. [Spitzer Science Center/Caltech, M/S 220-6, 1200 E. California Blvd., Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Johnson, C. H. [Breck School Science Department, 123 Ottawa Ave., N., Golden Valley, MN 55422 (United States); Hoette, V. [The University of Chicago Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Yerkes Observatory Education and Outreach, 373 W. Geneva St., Williams Bay, WI 53191 (United States); Kim, J. S.; Foster, M. [Steward Observatory, University of Arizona, 933 N. Cherry Ave., Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States); Mallory, C. R. [Department of Astronomy, Pierce College, 6201 Winnetka Ave., Woodland Hills, CA 91371 (United States); McCarron, K. [Science Division, Oak Park and River Forest High School, 201 N. Scoville Ave., Oak Park, IL 60302 (United States); Sherry, W. H., E-mail: luisa.rebull@jpl.nasa.gov [NOAO/NSO, 950 N. Cherry Ave., Tucson, AZ 85719 (United States)

2011-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

432

Progress in Residential Retrofit  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6 6 The Cutting Edge: On the Energy Edge The 13,400 square foot (1,240 square meter) Landmark building in Yakima, Washington, one of 28 participating Energy Edge buildings. In the Pacific Northwest, 28 commercial buildings have been built to demonstrate cost-effective energy savings with no loss of occupant amenity. Sponsored by the Bonneville Power Administration, the Energy Edge buildings were designed to use 30% less energy than a baseline building built to the Model Conservation Standards, the regional energy code. The 28 buildings are typical of new commercial construction in the region: office buildings, schools, fast-food establishments, medical clinics, a supermarket, and a convenience store. Floor areas range from 2,000 to more than 1,000,000 square feet (~200 to 10,000 square meters).

433

Process Energy Retrofits  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

's cost ofmoney. The operator, by contrast, is rarely certain, particularly in periods of economic down turn. ? Ignorance. The operator of an older plant may be iso lated and out of phase with current technology. None of these factors is quite...'s cost ofmoney. The operator, by contrast, is rarely certain, particularly in periods of economic down turn. ? Ignorance. The operator of an older plant may be iso lated and out of phase with current technology. None of these factors is quite...

Steinmeyer, D.

434

Training on Multifamily Retrofits  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Ensure the people making decisions and installing measures in your buildings are properly trained to deal with multifamily properties by taking advantage of our national training network.

435

Retrofit Measure Sheets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An existing chiller may be replaced by another compression-cycle chiller, but using refrigerants that do not have ... impact on global warming), or by a chiller operating on an absorption cycle (e.g., lithium bro...

Giuliano Dall’O’

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Retrofitting for Energy Savings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

: Fig. I shows average refinery energy consumption by type. Process heat accounts for 65 percent, steam generation accounts for 28 percent and electric power Purchased olect/Clty (1'.) Fig. l-Refinery energy consumption by types. generation only 7... the minimum util ity usage achievable. This together with energy and equipment costs establishes the economics for an en ergy efficient design. The average utility usages for most of the common refinery processes are given in Table I. These utility rates...

Elshout, R. V.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Culvert Retrofit Testing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

water flow conditions and to relate fish passage success tocondition. Backwatering influences passage success throughsuccess at 1.5 cfs is not a function of baffling conditions,

May, Christopher; Thom, Ron

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

High Performance Window Retrofit  

SciTech Connect

The US Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) and Traco partnered to develop high-performance windows for commercial building that are cost-effective. The main performance requirement for these windows was that they needed to have an R-value of at least 5 ft2 F h/Btu. This project seeks to quantify the potential energy savings from installing these windows in commercial buildings that are at least 20 years old. To this end, we are conducting evaluations at a two-story test facility that is representative of a commercial building from the 1980s, and are gathering measurements on the performance of its windows before and after double-pane, clear-glazed units are upgraded with R5 windows. Additionally, we will use these data to calibrate EnergyPlus models that we will allow us to extrapolate results to other climates. Findings from this project will provide empirical data on the benefits from high-performance windows, which will help promote their adoption in new and existing commercial buildings. This report describes the experimental setup, and includes some of the field and simulation results.

Shrestha, Som S [ORNL] [ORNL; Hun, Diana E [ORNL] [ORNL; Desjarlais, Andre Omer [ORNL] [ORNL

2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

HOLDSWORTH RETROFIT AND RENOVATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

INTRODUCTION The University of Massachusetts has a rapidly evolving commitment to reducing greenhouse gas relative to building area and activities. However, these efforts cannot reduce the total energy use or greenhouse gas emissions from current levels. Among the University's assets with the greatest potential

Schweik, Charles M.

440

Natural Cooling Retrofit  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the most important design considerations for any method of Natural Cool ing is the chil led water temperature range selected for use during Natural Cool ing. Figure VI shows that for a hypo thetical Chicago plant, the hours of operation for a Natural..." system on the Natural Cool ing cycle. As the pressures and flow rates of the condenser and chil led water systems are seldom the same, the designer must pay careful attention to the cross over system design to ensure harmonious operations on both...

Fenster, L. C.; Grantier, A. J.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retrofit candidate behavioral" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Evaluation of Human Thymidine Kinase 1 Substrates as New Candidates for Boron Neutron Capture Therapy  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...candidate for selective delivery of boron-10 to malignant cells, and additional...fission reactions that occur when boron-10 (10B) is irradiated with low-energy...candidate for selective delivery of boron-10 to malignant cells, and additional...

Ashraf S. Al-Madhoun; Jayaseharan Johnsamuel; Rolf F. Barth; Werner Tjarks; Staffan Eriksson

2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Characterizing Structural Controls of EGS-Candidate and Conventional  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Controls of EGS-Candidate and Conventional Controls of EGS-Candidate and Conventional Geothermal Reservoirs in the Great Basin: Developing Successful Exploration Strategies in Extended Terranes Geothermal Project Jump to: navigation, search Last modified on July 22, 2011. Project Title Characterizing Structural Controls of EGS-Candidate and Conventional Geothermal Reservoirs in the Great Basin: Developing Successful Exploration Strategies in Extended Terranes Project Type / Topic 1 Recovery Act: Enhanced Geothermal Systems Component Research and Development/Analysis Project Type / Topic 2 Geophysical Exploration Technologies Project Description The project group proposes to systematically assess the structural controls of geothermal systems in the Great Basin and adjacent regions. Phase I (Year 1) involves a broad inventory of structural settings of geothermal systems in the Great Basin, Walker Lane, and southern Cascades, with the aim of developing conceptual structural models and a structural catalogue of the most favorable structural environments. The regional stress field will be used to evaluate slip tendency on faults in the various tectonic provinces and thus determine which faults are most likely to accommodate dilation and slip in each setting. This overview will permit selection of representative sites (5 or 6 total) for more detailed studies in Phases II and III (Years 2-3). Sites will be selected on the basis of quality of exposure, apparent potential for geothermal development, and general type of system, so that all major types of systems can be evaluated and compared in this project (e.g., magmatic vs. nonmagmatic). The detailed investigations will include geologic mapping, kinematic analysis, stress determinations, gravity surveys, integration of available geophysical data, slip tendency analysis, and 3D modeling. In Year 3, the detailed studies will be completed and data synthesized to a) compare structural controls in various tectonic settings, b) complete the structural catalogue, and c) apply knowledge to exploration strategies and selection of drilling sites.

443

PRAVEEN ARANY, BDS, MDS, a PhD candidate in Biological  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-), and that effect can be exploited to promote dentinogenesis. SATHEESH ELANGOVAN, DMD, DMSc, a 2011 DMSc candidate

444

Environmental Systems Research Candidates FY-01 Annual Report  

SciTech Connect

The Environmental Systems Research Candidates (ESRC) Program ran from April 2000 through September 2001 as part of the Environmental Systems Research and Analysis (ESRA) Program at the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL). ESRA provides key science and technology to meet the cleanup mission of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Environmental Management (EM), and performs research and development that will help solve current legacy problems and enhance the INEEL’s scientific and technical capability for solving longer-term challenges. This report documents the accomplishments of the ESRC Program. The ESRC Program consisted of 25 tasks subdivided within four research areas.

Miller, David Lynn; Piet, Steven James

2001-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Optical Durability of Candidate Solar Reflectors for Concentrating Solar Power  

SciTech Connect

Concentrating solar power (CSP) technologies use large mirrors to collect sunlight to convert thermal energy to electricity. The viability of CSP systems requires the development of advanced reflector materials that are low in cost and maintain high specular reflectance for extended lifetimes under severe outdoor environments. The long-standing goals for a solar reflector are specular reflectance above 90% into a 4 mrad half-cone angle for at least 10 years outdoors with a cost of less than $13.8/m{sup 2} (the 1992 $10.8/m{sup 2} goal corrected for inflation to 2002 dollars) when manufactured in large volumes. Durability testing of a variety of candidate solar reflector materials at outdoor test sites and in laboratory accelerated weathering chambers is the main activity within the Advanced Materials task of the CSP Program at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) in Golden, Colorado. Test results to date for several candidate solar reflector materials will be presented. These include the optical durability of thin glass, thick glass, aluminized reflectors, front-surface mirrors, and silvered polymer mirrors. The development, performance, and durability of these materials will be discussed. Based on accelerated exposure testing the glass, silvered polymer, and front-surface mirrors may meet the 10 year lifetime goals, but at this time because of significant process changes none of the commercially available solar reflectors and advanced solar reflectors have demonstrated the 10 year or more aggressive 20 year lifetime goal.

Kennedy, C. E.; Terwilliger, K.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

LANL researchers improve path to producing uranium compounds, candidates  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Researchers improve path to producing uranium compounds Researchers improve path to producing uranium compounds LANL researchers improve path to producing uranium compounds, candidates for advanced nuclear fuels Enhance the ability to develop advanced nuclear fuels in a safer, simpler manner. April 7, 2011 This illustration shows the structures of UI4(1,4-dioxane)2 (left) and the UI3(1,4-dioxane)1.5 complexes. This illustration shows the structures of UI4(1,4-dioxane)2 (left) and the UI3(1,4-dioxane)1.5 complexes. Contact Kevin Roark Communicatons Office (505) 665-9202 Email LOS ALAMOS, New Mexico, April 7, 2010- Advances made by researchers at Los Alamos National Laboratory could enhance the ability of scientists to develop advanced nuclear fuels in a safer, simpler manner. Uranium chemistry research relies heavily on a variety of uranium "starting

447

Radio-loud high-redshift protogalaxy candidates in Bootes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We used the Near Infrared Camera on Keck I to obtain Ks-band images of four candidate high-redshift radio galaxies selected using optical and radio data in the NOAO Deep Wide-Field Survey in Bootes. Our targets have 1.4 GHz radio flux densities greater than 1 mJy, but are undetected in the optical to fainter than 24 Vega mag. Spectral energy distribution fitting suggests that three of these objects are at z > 3, with radio luminosities near the FR-I / FR-II break. The other has photometric redshift 1.2, but may in fact be at higher redshift. Two of the four objects exhibit diffuse morphologies in Ks -band, suggesting that they are still in the process of forming.

Steve Croft; Wil van Breugel; Michael J. I. Brown; Wim de Vries; Arjun Dey; Peter Eisenhardt; Buell Jannuzi; Huub Röttgering; S. A. Stanford; Daniel Stern; S. P. Willner

2008-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

448

Measurements of Mirror Soiling at a Candidate CSP Site  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Loss of mirror reflectivity due to soiling at Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) plants is a significant consideration for design and operation of the plant. Increasingly, a bankable case for establishment of a new plant will include an evaluation of the cleanliness of the proposed site in addition to the solar resource assessment. The nature and quantity of atmospheric fallout is site specific and generally has a seasonal cycle. We describe an effort which has been underway for more than a year now for a candidate CSP site cleanliness assessment using dust buckets and loss of reflectivity on mirror samples installed at the site. The loss of reflectivity due to soiling was measured on a monthly cycle using a portable, imaging instrument that was designed and built for this purpose. The design of the instrument is described and typical results are presented.

D.J. Griffith; L. Vhengani; M. Maliage

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Spectroscopic analysis of four post-AGB candidates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have done a detailed abundance analysis of four unexplored candidate post- Asymptotic Giant Branch(AGB) stars IRAS 13110 - 6629, IRAS 17579 - 3121, IRAS 18321 - 1401 and IRAS 18489 - 0629 using high resolution spectra. We have constructed Spectral Energy Distributions (SED) for these objects using the existing photometric data combined with infrared (IR) fluxes. For all sample stars, the SEDs exhibit double peaked energy distribution with well separated IR peaks showing the presence of dusty circumstellar material. The CNO abundances indicate the production of N via CN cycling, but observed [C/Fe] indicates the mixing of carbon produced by He burning by third dredge up although C/O ratio remains less that 1. A moderate DG effect is clearly seen for IRAS 18489 - 0629 and IRAS 17579 - 3121 while a large scatter observed in depletion plots for IRAS 18321 - 1401 and IRAS 13110 - 6629 indicate the presence of other processes affecting the observed abundance pattern.

Molina, R E; Pereira, C B; Ferro, A Arellano; Muneer, S

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

ADVANCED FLUE GAS CONDITIONING AS A RETROFIT UPGRADE TO ENHANCE PM COLLECTION FROM COAL-FIRED ELECTRIC UTILITY BOILERS  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy and ADA Environmental Solutions are engaged in a project to develop commercial flue gas conditioning additives. The objective is to develop conditioning agents that can help improve particulate control performance of smaller or under-sized electrostatic precipitators on utility coal-fired boilers. The new chemicals will be used to control both the electrical resistivity and the adhesion or cohesivity of the fly ash. There is a need to provide cost-effective and safer alternatives to traditional flue gas conditioning with SO{sub 3} and ammonia. During this reporting quarter, installation of a flue gas conditioning system was completed at PacifiCorp Jim Bridger Power Plant. Performance testing was underway. Results will be detailed in the next quarterly and subsequent technical summary reports. Also in this quarter, discussions were initiated with a prospective long-term candidate plant. This plant fires a bituminous coal and has opacity performance issues related to fly ash re-entrainment. Ammonia conditioning has been proposed here, but there is interest in liquid additives as a safer alternative.

Kenneth E. Baldrey

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Physink: sketching physical behavior  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Describing device behavior is a common task that is currently not well supported by general animation or CAD software. We present PhysInk, a system that enables users to demonstrate 2D behavior by sketching and directly ...

Davis, Randall

452

Home Energy Score: 3-D Simulation Training and Testing for Assessor Candidates  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Training and Testing Options Training and Testing Options for Assessor Candidates DOE has acknowledged that the advanced nature and extra cost of the third-party professional certifications may discourage potential candidates from becoming Qualified Assessors. Additionally, DOE has identified an opportunity to make improvements to both the Home Energy Score online training and the online test by utilizing 3-D immersive simulation software to ascertain whether assessor candidates possess the

453

Expression, purification and crystallization of CTB-MPR, a candidate mucosal vaccine component against HIV-1  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Femtosecond X-ray crystallography allows structural analysis of a difficult-to-crystallize fusion protein that is a potential component of a candidate HIV-1 subunit vaccine.

Lee, H.-H.

2014-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

454

E-Print Network 3.0 - arthritis candidate genes Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

spondylitis; RA rheumatoid arthritis. Table 3. Allele... , Birlik, Onen, Bradman, Plaster. REFERENCES 1. French FMF Consortium. A candidate gene for familial... arthritis...

455

E-Print Network 3.0 - attenuated candidate vaccine Sample Search...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of effect... OF CANDIDATE HIV VACCINES The first 2 phase 3 trials of HIV ... Source: Gilbert, Peter - Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center & Department of Biostatistics,...

456

E-Print Network 3.0 - anticonvulsant candidate benzaldehyde Sample...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

drugs on the in vitro hippocampal slice preparation... , using extracellular and patch-clamp recordings. We seek for highly motivated candidates, with good Source: Rennes,...

457

Development of 3D Simulation Training and Testing for Home Energy Score Assessor Candidates  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This report summarizes findings from research, analysis, and pilot testing conducted with Assessor candidates across the nation and supports DOE’s new qualification requirements for Assessors.

458

The preparation of a cabbage candidate reference material to be certified for residues of agrochemicals  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A new cabbage candidate reference material has been prepared for the determination of residues of agrochemicals. The cabbage was grown with deliberate application...

Rolf Zeisler; Vladimir Strachnov…

459

KPD1930+2752 - a candidate Type Ia supernova progenitor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present spectra of the pulsating sdB star KPD1930+2752 which confirm that this star is a binary. The radial velocities measured from the H-alpha and HeI6678 spectral lines vary sinusoidally with the same period (2h 17m) as the ellipsoidal variability seen by Billeres et al. (2000). The amplitude of the orbital motion (349.3+-2.7 km/s) combined with the canonical mass for sdB stars (0.5 solar masses) implies a total mass for the binary of 1.47+-0.01 solar masses The unseen companion star is almost certainly a white dwarf star. The binary will merge within about 200 million years due to gravitational wave radiation. The accretion of helium and other elements heavier than hydrogen onto the white dwarf which then exceeds the Chandrasekhar mass (1.4 solar masses) is a viable model for the cause of Type Ia supernovae. KPD1930+2752 is the first star to be discovered which is a good candidate for the progenitor of a Type Ia supernova of this type which will merge on an astrophysically interesting timescale.

P. F. L. Maxted; T. R. Marsh; R. C. North

2000-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

460

Compatibility of ITER candidate structural materials with static gallium  

SciTech Connect

Tests were conducted on the compatibility of gallium with candidate structural materials for the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor, e.g., Type 316 SS, Inconel 625, and Nb-5 Mo-1 Zr alloy, as well as Armco iron, Nickel 270, and pure chromium. Type 316 stainless steel is least resistant to corrosion in static gallium and Nb-5 Mo-1 Zr alloy is most resistant. At 400{degrees}C, corrosion rates are {approx}4.0, 0.5, and 0.03 mm/yr for type 316 SS, Inconel 625, and Nb-5 Mo- 1 Zr alloy, respectively. The pure metals react rapidly with gallium. In contrast to findings in earlier studies, pure iron shows greater corrosion than nickel. The corrosion rates at 400{degrees}C are {ge}88 and 18 mm/yr, respectively, for Armco iron and Nickel 270. The results indicate that at temperatures up to 400{degrees}C, corrosion occurs primarily by dissolution and is accompanied by formation of metal/gallium intermetallic compounds. The solubility data for pure metals and oxygen in gallium are reviewed. The physical, chemical, and radioactive properties of gallium are also presented. The supply and availability of gallium, as well as price predictions through the year 2020, are summarized.

Luebbers, P.R.; Michaud, W.F.; Chopra, O.K.

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retrofit candidate behavioral" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

The companion candidate near Fomalhaut - a background neutron star?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The directly detected planetary mass companion candidate close to the young, nearby star Fomalhaut is a subject of intense discussion. While the detection of common proper motion led to the interpretation as Jovian-mass companion, later non-detections in the infrared raised doubts. Recent astrometric measurements indicate a belt crossing or highly eccentric orbit for the object, if a companion, making the planetary interpretation potentially even more problematic. In this study we discuss the possibility of Fomalhaut\\,b being a background object with a high proper motion. By analysing the available photometric and astrometric data of the object, we show that they are fully consistent with a neutron star: Neutron stars are faint, hot (blue), and fast moving. Neutron stars with an effective temperature of the whole surface area being 112,000 K to 126,500 K (with small to negligible extinction) at a distance of roughly 11 pc (best fit) would be consistent with all observables, namely with the photometric detecti...

Neuhaeuser, Ralph; Ginski, Christian; Schmidt, Janos; Hambaryan, Valeri; Schmidt, Tobias

2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

MEASUREMENTS OF STELLAR INCLINATIONS FOR KEPLER PLANET CANDIDATES. II. CANDIDATE SPIN-ORBIT MISALIGNMENTS IN SINGLE- AND MULTIPLE-TRANSITING SYSTEMS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a test for spin-orbit alignment for the host stars of 25 candidate planetary systems detected by the Kepler spacecraft. The inclination angle of each star's rotation axis was estimated from its rotation period, ...

Hirano, Teruyuki

463

IRAS 23385+6053: a candidate protostellar massive object  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the results of a multi-line and continuum study towards the source IRAS 23385+6053,performed with the IRAM-30m telescope, the Plateau de Bure Interferometer, the Very Large Array Interferometer and the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope. The new results confirm our earlier findings, namely that IRAS 23385+6053 is a good candidate high-mass protostellar object, precursor of an ultracompact H$_{II}$ region. The source is roughly composed of two regions: a molecular core $\\sim0.03\\div0.04$ pc in size, with a temperature of $\\sim40$ K and an H$_{2}$ volume density of the order of 10$^{7}$ cm$^{-3}$, and an extended halo of diameter $\\leq$0.4 pc, with an average kinetic temperature of $\\sim 15$ K and H$_{2}$ volume density of the order of 10$^{5}$ cm$^{-3}$. The core temperature is much smaller than what is typically found in molecular cores of the same diameter surrounding massive ZAMS stars. We deduce that the core luminosity is between 150 and $1.6\\times10^{4}L_{\\odot}$, and we believe that the upper limit is near the ``true'' source luminosity. Moreover, by comparing the H$_{2}$ volume density obtained at different radii from the IRAS source, we find that the halo has a density profile of the type $n_{\\rm H_{2}}\\propto r^{-2.3}$. This suggests that the source is gravitationally unstable. Finally, we demonstrate that the temperature at the core surface is consistent with a core luminosity of $10^3 L_{\\odot}$ and conclude that we might be observing a protostar still accreting material from its parental cloud, whose mass at present is $\\sim 6 M_{\\odot}$.

F. Fontani; R. Cesaroni; L. Testi; C. M. Walmsley; S. Molinari; R. Neri; D. Shepherd; J. Brand; F. Palla; Q. Zhang

2003-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

464

TESTING IN SITU ASSEMBLY WITH THE KEPLER PLANET CANDIDATE SAMPLE  

SciTech Connect

We present a Monte Carlo model for the structure of low-mass (total mass <25 M{sub ?}) planetary systems that form by the in situ gravitational assembly of planetary embryos into final planets. Our model includes distributions of mass, eccentricity, inclination, and period spacing that are based on the simulation of a disk of 20 M{sub ?}, forming planets around a solar-mass star, and assuming a power-law surface density distribution that drops with distance a as ? a {sup –1.5}. The output of the Monte Carlo model is then subjected to the selection effects that mimic the observations of a transiting planet search such as that performed by the Kepler satellite. The resulting comparison of the output to the properties of the observed sample yields an encouraging agreement in terms of the relative frequencies of multiple-planet systems and the distribution of the mutual inclinations when moderate tidal circularization is taken into account. The broad features of the period distribution and radius distribution can also be matched within this framework, although the model underpredicts the distribution of small period ratios. This likely indicates that some dissipation is still required in the formation process. The most striking deviation between the model and observations is in the ratio of single to multiple systems in that there are roughly 50% more single-planet candidates observed than are produced in any model population. This suggests that some systems must suffer additional attrition to reduce the number of planets or increase the range of inclinations.

Hansen, Brad M. S. [Department of Physics and Astronomy and Institute of Geophysics and Planetary Physics, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095 (United States); Murray, Norm, E-mail: hansen@astro.ucla.edu, E-mail: murray@cita.utoronto.ca [Canadian Institute for Theoretical Astrophysics, 60 St. George Street, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S 3H8 (Canada)

2013-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

465

Microporous Metal Organic Materials: Promising Candidates as Sorbents for Hydrogen Storage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Microporous Metal Organic Materials: Promising Candidates as Sorbents for Hydrogen Storage Long Pan coordination structures represent a promising new entry to the field of hydrogen storage materials.2 To fully that effectively store hydrogen are needed for use in fuel cell powered vehicles. Among the various candidate

Li, Jing

466

Rheology Analysis of Thermosetting Resin Candidates for Use in Fuel Compacting  

SciTech Connect

The AGR-1 and AGR-2 overcoating and compacting method utilized a wet mixing process where liquid resin (Hexion Durite SC-1008) was blended with natural and synthetic graphite to produce a graphite/resin matrix for overcoating. The matrix production method specified in the scale-up plan is a co-grinding jet mill process where powdered resin and graphite are fed at the same time into a jet mill. Because of the change in matrix production style, SC-1008 cannot be used in the jet milling process because it is a liquid. Also, attempts to dry out matrix made with SC-1008 for use in the overcoating process at B&W had mixed results. The SC-1008 resin became tacky when dried which caused the matrix to build up inside the overcoater. The scale- up jet milling/mixing and overcoating processes required that a suite of solid or powdered resins be identified. Suitable resins candidates were down selected to two resins, specifically Plenco 14838 and Hexion SD-1708. These resins are referred to as novolac or “two-stage” resins because they require the addition of a curing agent such as hexamethylenetetramine (Hexa) to promote an increased level of cross linking. The overcoating matrix is made of 3 components; natural graphite, synthetic graphite, and resin. The most influential component of the compacting process is the resin component and how it behaves with regards to time, temperature, and pressure. The selected scale-up resins are considered fast curing which means that the increase in molecular weight (curing) occurs over a relatively short period of time, ranging from a few seconds to several minutes depending on the temperature. To find the optimal compacting conditions it is useful to quantify this behavior. In this report, rheology is used to investigate viscosity as a function of time at specific temperatures for the previously mentioned resins.

Trammell, Michael P. [ORNL

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Probabilistic timed behavior trees  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The Behavior Tree notation has been developed as a method for systematically and traceably capturing user requirements. In this paper we extend the notation with probabilistic behaviour, so that reliability, performance, and other dependability properties ... Keywords: behavior trees, model checking, probabilities, timed automata

Robert Colvin; Lars Grunske; Kirsten Winter

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Planetary Candidates Observed by Kepler, III: Analysis of the First 16 Months of Data  

SciTech Connect

New transiting planet candidates are identified in sixteen months (May 2009 - September 2010) of data from the Kepler spacecraft. Nearly five thousand periodic transit-like signals are vetted against astrophysical and instrumental false positives yielding 1091 viable new planet candidates, bringing the total count up to over 2,300. Improved vetting metrics are employed, contributing to higher catalog reliability. Most notable is the noise-weighted robust averaging of multiquarter photo-center offsets derived from difference image analysis which identifies likely background eclipsing binaries. Twenty-two months of photometry are used for the purpose of characterizing each of the new candidates. Ephemerides (transit epoch, T{sub 0}, and orbital period, P) are tabulated as well as the products of light curve modeling: reduced radius (R{sub P}/R{sub {star}}), reduced semi-major axis (d/R{sub {star}}), and impact parameter (b). The largest fractional increases are seen for the smallest planet candidates (197% for candidates smaller than 2R{sub {circle_plus}} compared to 52% for candidates larger than 2R{sub {circle_plus}}) and those at longer orbital periods (123% for candidates outside of 50 day orbits versus 85% for candidates inside of 50 day orbits). The gains are larger than expected from increasing the observing window from thirteen months (Quarter 1 - Quarter 5) to sixteen months (Quarter 1 - Quarter 6). This demonstrates the benefit of continued development of pipeline analysis software. The fraction of all host stars with multiple candidates has grown from 17% to 20%, and the paucity of short-period giant planets in multiple systems is still evident. The progression toward smaller planets at longer orbital periods with each new catalog release suggests that Earth-size planets in the Habitable Zone are forthcoming if, indeed, such planets are abundant.

Batalha, Natalie M.; /San Jose State U.; Rowe, Jason F.; /NASA, Ames; Bryson, Stephen T.; /NASA, Ames; Barclay, Thomas; /NASA, Ames; Burke, Christopher J.; /NASA, Ames; Caldwell, Douglas A.; /NASA, Ames; Christiansen, Jessie L.; /NASA, Ames; Mullally, Fergal; /NASA, Ames; Thompson, Susan E.; /NASA, Ames; Brown, Timothy M.; /Las Cumbres Observ.; Dupree, Andrea K.; /Harvard-Smithsonian Ctr. Astrophys. /UC, Santa Cruz

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

469

Intertemporal Consumption and Savings Behavior: Neoclassical, Behavioral, and Neuroeconomic Approaches  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Intertemporal Consumption and Savings Behavior: Neoclassical, Behavioral, and Neuroeconomic models of intertemporal consumption and savings behavior. I summarize the construction and implications of Modigliani & Brumberg's Life-Cycle Hypothesis [4] and Laibson's quasi-hyperbolic consumption function [8

Morrow, James A.

470

Spectroscopic Gravitational Lens Candidates in the CNOC2 Field Galaxy Redshift Survey  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present five candidate gravitational lenses discovered spectroscopically in the Canadian Network for Observational Cosmology Field Galaxy Redshift Survey (CNOC2), along with one found in followup observations. Each has a secure redshift based on several features, plus a discrepant emission line which does not match any known or plausible feature and is visible in multiple direct spectral images. We identify these lines as Lyman-alpha or [OII] emission from galaxies lensed by, or projected onto, the CNOC2 target galaxies. Einstein radii estimated from the candidate deflector galaxy luminosities indicate that for two candidates the lines are probably [OII] from projected z3 galaxies. We estimate that only 1.9+-0.7 [OII]-emitting galaxies are expected to project onto target galaxies in the original CNOC2 sample, consistent with three or four of the six candidates being true gravitational lenses.

Patrick B. Hall; H. K. C. Yee; Huan Lin; Simon L. Morris; Michael D. Gladders; R. G. Carlberg; David R. Patton; Marcin Sawicki; Charles W. Shepherd; Gregory D. Wirth

2000-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

471

The phase 0/A study of the ESA M3 mission candidate EChO  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

EChO, the Exoplanet Characterisation Observatory, has been one of the five M-class mission candidates competing for the M3 launch slot within the science programme Cosmic Vision 2015–2025 of the European Space...

Ludovic Puig; Kate Isaak; Martin Linder; Isabel Escudero…

2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Home Energy Score: 3-D Simulation Training and Testing for Assessor Candidates  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Building Technologies Office (BTO) is developing a 3-D immersive simulation training and testing (3-DISTT) software program for Home Energy Score assessor candidates.

473

USF College of Pharmacy Technical Standards All candidates must meet the health and technical standards requisite for  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and written form with all members of a health care team. #12;3. Motor Coordination and Function. CandidatesUSF College of Pharmacy Technical Standards All candidates must meet the health and technical-centered, pharmaceutical care to patients. A candidate for the PharmD degree must have aptitude, abilities, and skills

Meyers, Steven D.

474

Exploring Nonlinear Behavior  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The point at which modeling gets particularly interesting is when model behavior becomes increasingly nonlinear. It is no coincidence that this is the point where simulation tools start having trouble. Nonline...

Michael Tiller Ph.D.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Aquifer behavior with reinjection  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AQUIFER BEHAVIOR WITH REINJECTION A Thesis By EUCLIDES JOSE BONET Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas ARUM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May, f967 Major Subject... Petroleum Engineering AQUIFER BEHAVIOR WITH REINJECTION A Thesis By E UC LI DES JOSE BONE T Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman of Committee) (Member) (Member) May, 1967 ACKNOWLEDGMENT Thanks are due to Petroleo Brasilerio S...

Bonet, Euclides Jose

1967-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Behavior Based Energy Efficiency (BBEE)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Behavior Based Energy Efficiency Program Profiles 2011 Introduction Behavior based energy efficiency (BBEE) programs focus on energy savings resulting from changes in individual or...

477

Mechanical Behavior of Indium Nanostructures  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Mechanical Behavior of Indium Nanostructures Mechanical Behavior of Indium Nanostructures Print Wednesday, 26 May 2010 00:00 Indium is a key material in lead-free solder...

478

Microsoft PowerPoint - IPRC 2012-Zr behavior  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Behavior Behavior of Zirconium Oxide and Zirconium Metal in a LiCl-Li 2 O-Based Electrolytic Reduction System S. D. Herrmann, L. A. Wurth, N. J. Gese August 27, 2012 2012 International Pyroprocessing Research Conference The Abbey Resort Fontana, Wisconsin Introduction  Background - An electrometallurgical treatment process has been operating since 1996 to treat 25 MTHM of sodium-bonded uranium metal blanket and uranium metal alloy driver fuel from Experimental Breeder Reactor - II (EBR-II) at Idaho National Laboratory's Fuel Conditioning Facility. - In the course of retrieving EBR-II spent driver fuel for treatment, a significant quantity of degraded U-10Zr spent fuels, i.e., breached fuel exposed to air, has accumulated since 1996. - As oxidized material, it would require head-end treatment prior to electrorefining. - Electrolytic reduction is a candidate head-end treatment

479

Irradiation behavior of miniature experimental uranium silicide fuel plates  

SciTech Connect

Uranium silicides, because of their relatively high uranium density, were selected as candidate dispersion fuels for the higher fuel densities required in the Reduced Enrichment Research and Test Reactor (RERTR) Program. Irradiation experience with this type of fuel, however, was limited to relatively modest fission densities in the bulk from, on the order of 7 x 10/sup 20/ cm/sup -3/, far short of the approximately 20 x 10/sup 20/ cm/sup -3/ goal established for the RERTR program. The purpose of the irradiation experiments on silicide fuels on the ORR, therefore, was to investigate the intrinsic irradiation behavior of uranium silicide as a dispersion fuel. Of particular interest was the interaction between the silicide particles and the aluminum matrix, the swelling behavior of the silicide particles, and the maximum volume fraction of silicide particles that could be contained in the aluminum matrix.

Hofman, G.L.; Neimark, L.A.; Mattas, R.F.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Retrofitting the Tennessee Valley Authority  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As the flagship of the New Deal, the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) was a triumph of regional and environmental design that has since fallen on hard times. When writer James Agee toured the region in 1935, he described ...

Zeiber, Kristen (Kristen Ann)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retrofit candidate behavioral" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Retrofit Projects Through Pinch Technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The pinch concept in heat recovery network design has become well-established in recent years. In ICI, the concept was reported to have saved an average of 30% on energy cost, coupled with capital cost savings in new plant designs. Payback times...

Linnhoff, B.; Vredeveld, D. R.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Emerging Technology Retrofit Demonstration Projects  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Poster presented at the 16th Directions in Engine-Efficiency and Emissions Research (DEER) Conference in Detroit, MI, September 27-30, 2010.

483

Guidelines for Retrofit Performance Monitoring  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

equipment capable of monitoring 12 or more channels and utilizing a variety of different sensors is often required and typically used. Two such data loggers have been used successfully at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) in field monitoring... of this equipment can still be significant, however, ranging from $500 to $1 800. Equipment of this type has not been used by ORNL in field tests. A partial listing of data loggers in this price range can be obtained from the author. TEMPERATURE RECORDING...

Ternes, M. P.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Discovery of new Milky Way star cluster candidates in the 2MASS Point Source Catalog IV. Follow-up observations of cluster candidates in the Galactic plane  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Nearly 500 cluster candidates have been reported by searches based on the new all-sky near infrared surveys. The true nature of the majority of these objects is still unknown. This project aims to estimate the physical parameters of some of the candidates in order to use them as probes of the obscured star formation in the Milky Way. Here we report deep near infrared observations of four objects, discovered by our search based on the 2MASS Point Source Catalog (Ivanov et al. 2002; Borissova et al. 2003). CC04 appears to be a few million year old cluster. We estimate its distance and extinction, and set a limit on the total mass. CC08 contains red supergiants, indicating a slightly older age of about 7-10 Myr. The suspected cluster nature of CC13 was not confirmed. CC14 appears to be an interesting candidate with double-tail-like morphology but our data doesn't allow us to derive a firm conclusion about the nature of this object. We found no supermassive star clusters similar to the Arches or the Quintuplet (Mtot >= 10**4 Msolar) among the dozen confirmed clusters studied so far in this series of papers, indicating that such objects are not common in the Milky Way.

V. D. Ivanov; J. Borissova; F. Bresolin; P. Pessev

2005-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Candidate Sites For Future Hot Dry Rock Development In The United States |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Candidate Sites For Future Hot Dry Rock Development In The United States Candidate Sites For Future Hot Dry Rock Development In The United States Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Candidate Sites For Future Hot Dry Rock Development In The United States Details Activities (8) Areas (4) Regions (0) Abstract: Generalized geologic and other data are tabulated for 24 potential hot dry rock (HDR) sites in the contiguous United States. The data show that HDR resources occur in many geologic and tectonic settings. Potential reservoir rocks at each prospect are described and each system is categorized according to inferred heat sources. The Fenton Hill area in New Mexico is discussed in detail because this region may be considered ideal for HDR development. Three other prospectively valuable localities are

486

POST-IRRADIATION PROPERTIES OF CANDIDATE MATERIALS FOR HIGH POWER TARGETS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

POST-IRRADIATION PROPERTIES OF CANDIDATE MATERIALS FOR HIGH POWER TARGETS H. Kirk, N. Simos, P Diffusivity Resistivity Thermal Expansion (CTE) Integrated Effects Shock absorption Is Carbon CTE composite that may potentially minimize thermal shock and survive high intensity pulses. Graphite

McDonald, Kirk

487

Academic Staff ESS Coversheet Candidate Name (Last, First, M.I.) Banner ID  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

rev. 6/14 Academic Staff ESS Coversheet Candidate Name (Last, First, M.I.) Banner ID Primary School Initial WSU appointment date Length of ESS-track service (in years & months) Academic Services Officer Archivist Initial WSU rank Dates off ESS-track/Reason Extens Prgm Coordinator Financial Aid Officer Date

VandeVord, Pamela

488

Informing Ankle-Foot Prosthesis Prescription through Haptic Emulation of Candidate Devices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Informing Ankle-Foot Prosthesis Prescription through Haptic Emulation of Candidate Devices Joshua M range of devices in a short period of time. We developed a prototype ankle-foot prosthesis emulator Prescription Process The prescription of ankle-foot prostheses has been plagued by uncertainty about which

Collins, Steven H.

489

Robotic Laser-Adaptive-Optics Imaging of 715 Kepler Exoplanet Candidates using Robo-AO  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Robo-AO Kepler Planetary Candidate Survey is designed to observe every Kepler planet candidate host star with laser adaptive optics imaging to search for blended nearby stars, which may be physically associated companions and/or responsible for transit false positives. In this paper we present the results from the 2012 observing season, searching for stars close to 715 representative Kepler planet candidate hosts. We find 53 companions, 44 of which are new discoveries. We detail the Robo-AO survey data reduction methods including a method of using the large ensemble of target observations as mutual point-spread-function references, along with a new automated companion-detection algorithm designed for large adaptive optics surveys. Our survey is sensitive to objects from 0.15" to 2.5" separation, with contrast ratios up to delta-m~6. We measure an overall nearby-star-probability for Kepler planet candidates of 7.4% +/- 1.0%, and calculate the effects of each detected nearby star on the Kepler-measured plan...

Law, Nicholas M; Baranec, Christoph; Riddle, Reed; Ravichandran, Ganesh; Ziegler, Carl; Johnson, John Asher; Tendulkar, Shriharsh P; Bui, Khanh; Burse, Mahesh P; Das, H K; Dekany, Richard G; Kulkarni, Shrinivas; Punnadi, Sujit; Ramaprakash, A N

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Signal Control for Oversaturated Intersections Using Fuzzy Logic Ph.D. Candidate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

05-0156 Signal Control for Oversaturated Intersections Using Fuzzy Logic Lin Zhang Ph.D. Candidate in 9 exhibits 7,110 words total (max = 7500) #12;Zhang, Li, and Prevedouros 1 ABSTRACT The fuzzy logic controller (FLC) presented in this paper simulates the control logic of experienced human traffic controllers

Prevedouros, Panos D.

491

Machine Tool Accuracy Analysis M.A.Sc. Candidate: Ricky Chan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Machine Tool Accuracy Analysis M.A.Sc. Candidate: Ricky Chan Supervisor: Dr. Stephen Veldhuis Abstract: CNC machining is an essential part of almost all manufacturing industries. Machine accuracy surfaces are made for esthetics and aerodynamic purposes. Machining free formed surfaces require intricate

Bone, Gary

492

Three distinct kinetic groupings of the synaptotagmin family: Candidate sensors for rapid and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Three distinct kinetic groupings of the synaptotagmin family: Candidate sensors for rapid, syt I, appears to function as a Ca2 sensor that triggers the rapid exocytosis of synaptic vesicles much slower disassembly kinetics than does syt I, might function as Ca2 sensors for asynchronous

Chapman, Edwin R.

493

Figure 1. Bipartite network showing how candidate SNPs co-occur across Colombian  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Figure 1. Bipartite network showing how candidate SNPs co-occur across Colombian patients with one Study of Chronic Metabolic Diseases in Colombians Maria A. Caro MSc1,2 , Bryant Dang BS1 , Gabriel, are associated with key demographic and clinical variables in Colombians with metabolic disease. The results

Bhavnani, Suresh K.

494

Identifying ultra-cool dwarfs at low Galactic latitudes: a southern candidate catalogue  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......primary NIR candidate selections were obtained via the 2MASS PSC gator tool. A number of query parameters were set to govern the spatial...Available at http://irsa.ipac.caltech.edu/applications/Gator/ see http://www.ipac.caltech.edu/2mass/releases......

S. L. Folkes; D. J. Pinfield; H. R. A. Jones; R. K