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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retail pump storage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

Subsea Pumped Hydro Storage.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A new technology for energy storage called Subsea Pumped Hydro Storage (SPHS) has been evaluated from a techno-economical point of view. Intermittent renewable energy sources… (more)

Erik, Almen John

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Retail and Storage Requirements  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Retail and Biodiesel Retail and Storage Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Retail and Storage Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Retail and Storage Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Retail and Storage Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Retail and Storage Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Retail and Storage Requirements on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Retail and Storage Requirements on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Retail and Storage Requirements

3

Underground pumped hydroelectric storage  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Underground pumped hydroelectric energy storage was conceived as a modification of surface pumped storage to eliminate dependence upon fortuitous topography, provide higher hydraulic heads, and reduce environmental concerns. A UPHS plant offers substantial savings in investment cost over coal-fired cycling plants and savings in system production costs over gas turbines. Potential location near load centers lowers transmission costs and line losses. Environmental impact is less than that for a coal-fired cycling plant. The inherent benefits include those of all pumped storage (i.e., rapid load response, emergency capacity, improvement in efficiency as pumps improve, and capacity for voltage regulation). A UPHS plant would be powered by either a coal-fired or nuclear baseload plant. The economic capacity of a UPHS plant would be in the range of 1000 to 3000 MW. This storage level is compatible with the load-leveling requirements of a greater metropolitan area with population of 1 million or more. The technical feasibility of UPHS depends upon excavation of a subterranean powerhouse cavern and reservoir caverns within a competent, impervious rock formation, and upon selection of reliable and efficient turbomachinery - pump-turbines and motor-generators - all remotely operable.

Allen, R.D.; Doherty, T.J.; Kannberg, L.D.

1984-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

pumped storage | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

pumped storage pumped storage Dataset Summary Description These two datasets include energy statistics for the European Union (EU). The statistics are available from the European Commission. The data includes detailed information about: production, net imports, gross inland consumption, and electricity generation for the EU as a whole, as well as the individual member countries, for the period between 1990 and 2007. Source European Commission Date Released Unknown Date Updated Unknown Keywords annual energy consumption biomass coal crude oil Electricity Generation EU gas geothermal Hydro pumped storage PV renewable energy generating capacity wind Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon EU Energy Figures 2010 (Excel file, multiple tabs) (xls, 2 MiB) application/vnd.ms-excel icon EU Electricity Generation from Renewables (xls, 190.5 KiB)

5

Subsea Pumped Hydro Storage -A Technology Assessment.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??A novel technology for energy storage called Subsea Pumped Hydro Storage (SPHS) has been evaluated from a techno-economical point of view. Intermittent renewable energy sources… (more)

Falk, Johan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

Pumped-Storage Planning and Evaluation Guide  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Utilities now have an easy-to-use evaluation and costing methodology that allows users to better estimate pumped-storage potential. This guide will enable utilities to accurately screen potential sites to determine which candidates deserve more-detailed studies.

1989-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

7

Optimization of Hydroelectric Pumped Storage: An Extension of Optimal Switching  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

commodities such as oil or natural gas. The storage of electricity requires storing the means to produce of this model in which additions and changes must be made to move from natural gas to pumped storage electricity), and change of parameters to change from a model for natural gas to that of pumped storage. The variables

Moore, Kristen

8

Control system for the turbomolecular pumping stations and sector valves of the CERN Intersecting Storage Rings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Control system for the turbomolecular pumping stations and sector valves of the CERN Intersecting Storage Rings

Gröbner, Oswald

1971-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Adjudication Concerning the Turbomolecular Pumping Stations for the Vacuum System of the Intersecting Storage Rings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Adjudication Concerning the Turbomolecular Pumping Stations for the Vacuum System of the Intersecting Storage Rings

1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Rock bed storage with heat pump. Final report  

SciTech Connect

The study, Rock Bed Storage with Heat Pump, established the feasibility of mating a heat pump to a rock bed storage to effect optimal performance at the lowest cost in single family residences. The operating characteristics of off-the-shelf components of heat pump/rock bed storage systems were studied, and the results were used to formulate configurations of representative systems. These systems were modeled and subsequently analyzed using the TRNSYS computer program and a life cycle cost analysis program called LCCA. A detailed load model of a baseline house was formulated as part of the TRNSYS analysis. Results of the analysis involved the development of a technique to confine the range of heat pump/rock bed storage systems to those systems which are economical for a specific location and set of economic conditions. Additionally, the results included a comparison of the detailed load model with simple UA models such as the ASHRAE bin method. Several modifications and additions were made to the TRNSYS and LCCA computer programs during the course of the study.

Remmers, H.E.; Mills, G.L.

1979-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Operation and Maintenance Experiences of Pumped-Storage Plants  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Owners, operators, and designers of hydroelectric pumped-storage plants now have access to the combined operation and maintenance (O&M) knowledge of more than 30 operating plants around the world. The lessons learned should maximize the benefits of solutions developed for typical operational problems.

1991-05-13T23:59:59.000Z

12

Evolutionary tristate PSO for strategic bidding of pumped-storage hydroelectric plant  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper develops bidding strategy for operating multiunit pumped-storage power plant in a day-ahead electricity market. Based on forecasted hourly market clearing price, the objective is to self-schedule and maximize the expected profit of the pumped-storage ... Keywords: bidding strategy, day-aheadmarket, evolutionary tristate particle swarm optimization (ETPSO), pumped-storage, self-scheduling

P. Kanakasabapathy; K. Shanti Swarup

2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Chemical heat pump and chemical energy storage system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A chemical heat pump and storage system employs sulfuric acid and water. In one form, the system includes a generator and condenser, an evaporator and absorber, aqueous acid solution storage and water storage. During a charging cycle, heat is provided to the generator from a heat source to concentrate the acid solution while heat is removed from the condenser to condense the water vapor produced in the generator. Water is then stored in the storage tank. Heat is thus stored in the form of chemical energy in the concentrated acid. The heat removed from the water vapor can be supplied to a heat load of proper temperature or can be rejected. During a discharge cycle, water in the evaporator is supplied with heat to generate water vapor, which is transmitted to the absorber where it is condensed and absorbed into the concentrated acid. Both heats of dilution and condensation of water are removed from the thus diluted acid. During the discharge cycle the system functions as a heat pump in which heat is added to the system at a low temperature and removed from the system at a high temperature. The diluted acid is stored in an acid storage tank or is routed directly to the generator for reconcentration. The generator, condenser, evaporator, and absorber all are operated under pressure conditions specified by the desired temperature levels for a given application. The storage tanks, however, can be maintained at or near ambient pressure conditions. In another form, the heat pump system is employed to provide usable heat from waste process heat by upgrading the temperature of the waste heat.

Clark, Edward C. (Woodinville, WA); Huxtable, Douglas D. (Bothell, WA)

1985-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

14

Results from Case Studies of Pumped-Storage Plants  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Detailed plant performance analyses were conducted using unit and plant performance characteristics and 1-minute plant operational data from 2008, 2009, and 2010 for five pumped-storage plants. These five case studies encompass three markets (MISO, NYISO, and PJM) and one non-market region (Southeast area). Owners for the five plants include three investor-owned utilities, one state power authority, and one federal power corporation. This report describes results from detailed performance analyses ...

2012-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

15

Role of Pumped Storage Hydro Resources in Electricity Markets and System Operation: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The most common form of utility- sized energy storage system is the pumped storage hydro system. Originally, these types of storage systems were economically viable simply because they displace more expensive generating units. However, over time, as those expensive units became more efficient and costs declined, pumped hydro storage units no longer have the operational edge. As a result, in the current electricity market environment, pumped storage hydro plants are struggling. To offset this phenomenon, certain market modifications should be addressed. This paper will introduce some of the challenges faced by pumped storage hydro plants in today's markets and purpose some solutions to those problems.

Ela, E.; Kirby, B.; Botterud, A.; Milostan, C.; Krad, I.; Koritarov, V.

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Pumped-Storage Hydro-Turbine Bidding Strategies in a Competitive Electricity Market  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper develops optimal pumped-storage unit bidding strategies in a competitive electricity market. Starting from a weekly forecasted market clearing price curve, an algorithm to maximize the profit of a pumped-storage unit considering reserve bids is developed. A comparison between the optimal bidding strategy and a fixed-schedule weekly generating and pumping strategy is provided.

Lu, Ning; Chow, Joe H.; Desrochers, Alan A.

2004-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

17

Maximizing Gross Margin of a Pumped Storage Hydroelectric Facility Under Uncertainty in Price and Water Inflow.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The operation of a pumped storage hydroelectric facility is subject to uncertainty. This is especially true in today’s energy markets. Published models to achieve optimal… (more)

Ikudo, Akina

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Adjudication Concerning 70 Additional Sputter-Ion Pumps for the Vacuum System of the Intersecting Storage Rings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Adjudication Concerning 70 Additional Sputter-Ion Pumps for the Vacuum System of the Intersecting Storage Rings

1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Pumped storage provides grid reliability even with net generation ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

tags: electricity generation capacity hydroelectric storage. Email Updates. RSS Feeds. Facebook. Twitter. YouTube. Add us to your site.

20

Estimating Costs and Efficiency of Storage, Demand, and Heat Pump Water  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Estimating Costs and Efficiency of Storage, Demand, and Heat Pump Estimating Costs and Efficiency of Storage, Demand, and Heat Pump Water Heaters Estimating Costs and Efficiency of Storage, Demand, and Heat Pump Water Heaters June 14, 2012 - 7:38pm Addthis A water heater's energy efficiency is determined by the energy factor (EF), which is based on the amount of hot water produced per unit of fuel consumed over a typical day. The higher the energy factor, the more efficient the water heater. A water heater's energy efficiency is determined by the energy factor (EF), which is based on the amount of hot water produced per unit of fuel consumed over a typical day. The higher the energy factor, the more efficient the water heater. What does this mean for me? Estimate the annual operating costs and compare several water heaters to determine whether it is worth investing in a more efficient

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retail pump storage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Preliminary Analysis of a Solar Heat Pump System with Seasonal Storage for Heating and Cooling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For higher solar fraction and suitability for both heating and cooling, a solar heat pump system with seasonal storage was studied in this paper. The system scheme and control strategy of a solar heat pump system with seasonal storage for heating and cooling were set up, which is responsible for the space heating and cooling and domestic hot water for a residential block. Through hourly simulation, the performance and the economics of such systems were analyzed, for the different tank volumes, operating modes and weather conditions. The results show that 1) for most areas of China, the solar systems with seasonal storage can save energy; 2) for areas with cold winter and hot summer, it is suitable to store heat from summer to winter and store cold energy from winter to summer, but for chilly areas, it is suitable to only store heat from summer to winter; 3) when the ratio of volume of seasonal storage tank to collector areas is 2~3, the system performance is optimal and the payback period is shortest for most areas of north China; and 4) if cooling storage is needed, the seasonal storage coupled with short-term storage may raise the solar fraction largely.

Yu, G.; Chen, P.; Dalenback, J.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Heat pump water heater and storage tank assembly  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A water heater and storage tank assembly comprises a housing defining a chamber, an inlet for admitting cold water to the chamber, and an outlet for permitting flow of hot water from the chamber. A compressor is mounted on the housing and is removed from the chamber. A condenser comprises a tube adapted to receive refrigerant from the compressor, and winding around the chamber to impart heat to water in the chamber. An evaporator is mounted on the housing and removed from the chamber, the evaporator being adapted to receive refrigerant from the condenser and to discharge refrigerant to conduits in communication with the compressor. An electric resistance element extends into the chamber, and a thermostat is disposed in the chamber and is operative to sense water temperature and to actuate the resistance element upon the water temperature dropping to a selected level. The assembly includes a first connection at an external end of the inlet, a second connection at an external end of the outlet, and a third connection for connecting the resistance element, compressor and evaporator to an electrical power source.

Dieckmann, John T. (Belmont, MA); Nowicki, Brian J. (Watertown, MA); Teagan, W. Peter (Acton, MA); Zogg, Robert (Belmont, MA)

1999-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

23

Effects of Markets and Operations on the Suboptimization of Pumped Storage and Conventional Hydroelectric Plants  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Detailed plant performance analyses were conducted using unit performance data, market data, and plant operational data from 2008, 2009, and 2010 for five pumped storage plants and three conventional hydroelectric plants. These eight case studies encompass three markets (MISO, PJM, and NYISO) and two regions (Southeast area and Western area). Owners for the eight plants include three investor-owned utilities, two state power authorities, and one federal power corporation. This report expands on ...

2013-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

24

A Novel Integrated Frozen Soil Thermal Energy Storage and Ground-Source Heat Pump System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, a novel integrated frozen soil thermal energy storage and ground-source heat pump (IFSTS&GSHP) system in which the GHE can act as both cold thermal energy storage device and heat exchanger for GSHP is first presented. The IFSTS&GSHP system can serve as cold energy thermal storage at night, produce chilled water in the daytime in summer and provide hot water for heating in winter. This is followed by its schematic and characteristic description. Then the various operation modes of such system according to different operational strategies are demonstrated in sequence. The system, firstly seen in open literature, is energy-saving, environmental-friendly and promising in the field of air-conditioning systems, and will help solve the problems currently existing with the GSHP system and ITES air conditioning system.

Jiang, Y.; Yao, Y.; Rong, L.; Ma, Z.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

An Integrated Approach for Optimal Coordination of Wind Power and Hydro Pumping Storage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The increasing wind power penetration in power systems represents a techno-economic challenge for power producers and system operators. Due to the variability and uncertainty of wind power, system operators require new solutions in order to increase the controllability of wind farm output. On the other hand, producers that include wind farms in their portfolio need to find new ways to boost their profits in electricity markets. This can be done by optimizing the combination of wind farms and storage so as to make larger profits when selling power (trading) and reduce penalties from imbalances in the operation. The present work describes a new integrated approach for analyzing wind-storage solutions that make use of probabilistic forecasts and optimization techniques to aid decision-making on operating such systems. The approach includes a set of three complementary functions suitable for use in current systems. A reallife system is studied, comprising two wind farms and a large hydro station with pumping capacity. Economic profits and better operational features can be obtained from the proposed cooperation between the wind farms and storage. The revenues are function of the type of hydro storage used and the market characteristics and several options are compared in this study. The results show that the use of a storage device can lead to a significant increase in revenue, up to 11 % (2010 data, Iberian market). Also, the

Edgardo D. Castronuovo; Julio Usaola; Ricardo Bessa; Manuel Matos; I. C. Costa; L. Bremermann; Jesus Lugaro; George Kariniotakis; Sophia Antipolis France

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Economical Analysis of a Groundwater Source Heat Pump with Water Thermal Storage System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The paper is based on a chilled and heat source for the building which has a total area of 140000m2 in the suburb of Beijing. By comparing the groundwater source heat pump of water thermal storage (GHPWTS) with a conventional chilled and heat source scheme in economical, technical, and environmental aspects, it is determined that the scheme of the groundwater source heat pump has better energy efficiency than others. The GHPWTS can take full advantage of the heat source from groundwater and benefit of electricity difference pricing during a day. Its character is a combination of a strength and another strength. It is the lowest cycle cost of all chide and heat source schemes. The GHPWTS has the best economic benefit and runs stably and reliably. Its advantage is clearly compared with other schemes. There is a real value for the project that is similar to the characteristic of this project and the condition of the water source.

Zhou, Z.; Xu, W.; Li, J.; Zhao, J.; Niu, L.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Field performance of cavitation erosion resistant alloy on pumped-storage hydroturbine  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The TVA Raccoon Mountain Plant is a four unit pumped-storage plant located on the Tennessee River, Nickajack Reservoir, in Marion County, Tennessee, six miles (3.7 km) west of Chattanooga, Tennessee. The four units went into commercial operation between January 31, 1978 and August 31, 19179. Each unit has a generating rating of 392 MW at a 1020 ft head (310.9 meters). Each turbine is a reversible Francis type, with vertical shaft, manufactured by Allis-Chalmers (now Voith Hydro, Inc.). The runner diameter is 16 ft 7 inches (5.05 meters). the runner material is ASTM A296-CA6NM.

Karr, O.F.; Brooks, J.B.; March, P.A.; Epps, J.M.

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Powertech: Hydrogen Expertise Storage Needs  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

- Stations 700 bar Retail Stations 700 bar Retail Stations (Shell Newport Beach) Hydrogen Energy Storage Projects (BC Hydro Renewable Power - HARP) Lightweight Transport Trailers...

29

Retail Unbundling  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This special report provides a brief summary of the status of retail unbundling programs (also known as "customer choice" programs) for residential natural gas customers in various States,

Information Center

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

Vacuum-Pump Control System Using Programmable Logic Controllers on the TCP/IP Network for the 2.5-GeV Storage Ring  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Vacuum-Pump Control System Using Programmable Logic Controllers on the TCP/IP Network for the 2.5-GeV Storage Ring

Kanaya, N; Maezawa, H; Factory, P

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Experimental Research on Solar Assisted Heat Pump Heating System with Latent Heat Storage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Based on the status quo that conventional energy sources are more and more reduced and environmental pollution is increasingly serious, this paper presents a new model system of conserving energy and environmental protection, namely, a Solar Assisted Heat Pump Heating System with Latent Heat Storage. In this system, solar energy is the major heat source for a heat pump, and the supplementary heat source is soil. The disagreement in time between the space heat load and heat collected by solar heat collector is solved by latent heat storage. In order to obtain such system running conditions and effects in different heating periods, an experiment has been carried out during the whole heating period in Harbin, China. The experimental results show that this system is much better for heating in initial and late periods than that in middle periods. The average heating coefficient is 6.13 for heating in initial and late periods and 2.94 for heating in middle periods. At the same time, this paper also predicts system running properties in other regions.

Han, Z.; Zheng, M.; Liu, W.; Wang, F.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

PUMPS  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A pump is described for conveving liquids, particure it is not advisable he apparatus. The to be submerged in the liquid to be pumped, a conduit extending from the high-velocity nozzle of the injector,and means for applying a pulsating prcesure to the surface of the liquid in the conduit, whereby the surface oscillates between positions in the conduit. During the positive half- cycle of an applied pulse liquid is forced through the high velocity nozzle or jet of the injector and operates in the manner of the well known water injector and pumps liquid from the main intake to the outlet of the injector. During the negative half-cycle of the pulse liquid flows in reverse through the jet but no reverse pumping action takes place.

Thornton, J.D.

1959-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

33

Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Retail Sales Reporting  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Retail Sales Retail Sales Reporting to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Retail Sales Reporting on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Retail Sales Reporting on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Retail Sales Reporting on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Retail Sales Reporting on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Retail Sales Reporting on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Retail Sales Reporting on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type E85 Retail Sales Reporting A retailer who dispenses E85 must report to the Indiana Department of State Revenue the total number of gallons of E85 sold from a metered pump.

34

The geothermal analog of pumped storage for electrical demand load following  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A 6 day cycle Load-Following Experiment, conducted in July 1995 at the Fenton Hill Hot Dry Rock (HDR) test site in New Mexico, has verified that an HDR geothermal reservoir has the capability for a significant, rapid increase in thermal power output upon demand. The objective was to study the behavior of the HDR reservoir in a high-production- backpressure (2200 psi) baseload operating condition when there was superimposed a demand for significantly increased power production for a 4 hour period each day. In practice, this enhanced production, an increase of 65%, was accomplished by a programmed decrease in the production well backpressure over 4 hours, from an initial 2200 psi down to 500 psi. The rapid depressurization of the wellbore during the period of enhanced production resulted in the draining of a portion of the fluid stored in the pressure dilated joints surrounding the production well. These joints were then gradually reinflated during the following 20-hour period of high backpressure baseload operation. In essence, the HDR reservoir was acting as a fluid capacitor, being discharged for 4 hours and then slowly recharged during the subsequent 20 hours of baseload operation. In this mode, there would be no increase in the reservoir size of number of wells (the {ital in situ} capital investment) for a significant amount of peaking power production for a few hours each day. Thus, one of the advantages of geothermal load following over utility options such as pumped storage or compressed air storage is that the HDR power plant would be operated during off-peak hours in a baseline mode, with an augmented return on investment compared to these other peaking systems which would normally not be operated during off-peak periods. The surface power plant and the geofluid reinjection pumps would need to be sized for the peak rate of thermal energy production, adding somewhat to the overall HDR system capital costs when compared to a simple baseload power plant design.

Brown, D.W.

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Real-time optimization of wind farms and fixed-head pumped-storage hydro-plants  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Renewable energies and, in particular, wind power have come to the forefront in the electricity market in recent years. The main drawback of wind power generation, however, is the major difficulty in forecasting its production. For this reason, when ... Keywords: optimal control, pumped storage plant, wind farm

L. Bayón, J. M. Grau, M. M. Ruiz, P. M. Suárez

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Report on technical feasibility of underground pumped hydroelectric storage in a marble quarry site in the Northeast United States  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The technical and economic aspects of constructing a very high head underground hydroelectric pumped storage were examined at a prefeasibility level. Excavation of existing caverns in the West Rutland Vermont marble quarry would be used to construct the underground space. A plant capacity of 1200 MW and 12 h of continuous capacity were chosen as plant operating conditions. The site geology, plant design, and electrical and mechanical equipment required were considered. The study concluded that the cost of the 1200 MW underground pumped storage hydro electric project at this site even with the proposed savings from marketable material amounts to between $581 and $595 per kilowatt of installed capacity on a January 1982 pricing level. System studies performed by the planning group of the New England Power System indicate that the system could economically justify up to about $442 per kilowatt on an energy basis with no credit for capacity. To accommodate the plant with the least expensive pumping energy, a coal and nuclear generation mix of approximately 65% would have to be available before the project becomes feasible. It is not expected that this condition can be met before the year 2000 or beyond. It is therefore concluded that the West Rutland underground pumped storage facility is uneconomic at this time. Several variables however could have marked influence on future planning and should be examined on periodic basis.

Chas. T. Main, Inc.

1982-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Retail Price Changes Lag Spot Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1 1 Notes: While EIA cannot claim to explain all of the factors that drive retail gasoline prices, we have had a fair amount of success in exploring the relationship between wholesale and retail prices. In particular, we have looked closely at the "pass-through" of changes in spot prices to the retail market. This graph shows a weighted national average of spot prices for regular gasoline -both conventional and reformulated (shown in red), and EIA's weekly survey price for retail regular (again both conventional and reformulated). As you can see, spot prices tend to be more volatile (and would be even more so on a daily basis), while these changes are smoother by the time they reach the retail pump. Furthermore, by looking at the peaks, you can see the retail prices seem to lag the spot price changes

38

Development and Implementation of an Expert System for Vibration Monitoring and Diagnoses for Hydroelectric Pumped Storage Units  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A reliable expert diagnostic system supports a condition-based approach to maintenance that enables plant management to extend the time between outages and plan specific maintenance efforts. This report describes the two-phase development and implementation of a rule-based expert system for performing vibration monitoring and diagnostics on four hydroelectric pumped storage units of the New York Power Authority (NYPA). Developers estimate that the system could save plants $150,000/yr in forced outage cos...

1998-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

39

Retail Motor Gasoline Prices*  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 6 Notes: Gasoline pump prices have backed down from the high prices experienced last summer and fall. The retail price for regular motor gasoline fell 11 cents per gallon from September to December. However, with crude oil prices rebounding somewhat from their December lows combined with lower than normal stock levels, we project that prices at the pump will rise modestly as the 2001 driving season begins this spring. For the summer of 2001, we expect only a little difference from the average price of $1.50 per gallon seen during the previous driving season, as motor gasoline stocks going into the driving season are projected to be slightly less than they were last year. The situation of relatively low inventories for gasoline could set the stage for some regional imbalances in supply that could once again

40

The integration of water loop heat pump and building structural thermal storage systems  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Many commercial buildings need heat in one part and, at the same time, cooling in another part. Even more common is the need for heating during one part of the day and cooling during another in the same spaces. If that energy could be shifted or stored for later use, significant energy might be saved. If a building's heating and cooling subsystems could be integrated with the building's structural mass and used to collect, store, and deliver energy, the energy might be save cost-effectively. To explore this opportunity, researchers at the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) examined the thermal interactions between the heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning (HVAC) system and the structure of a commercial building. Computer models were developed to simulate the interactions in an existing building located in Seattle, Washington, to determine how these building subsystems could be integrated to improve energy efficiency. The HVAC subsystems in the existing building were modeled. These subsystems consist of decentralized water-source heat pumps (WSHP) in a closed water loop, connected to cooling towers for heat rejection during cooling mode and boilers to augment heating. An initial base case'' computer model of the Seattle building, as-built, was developed. Metered data available for the building were used to calibrate this model to ensure that the analysis would provide information that closely reflected the operation of a real building. The HVAC system and building structure were integrated in the model using the concrete floor slabs as thermal storage media. The slabs may be actively charged during off-peak periods with the chilled water in the loop and then either actively or passively discharged into the conditioned space during peak periods. 21 refs., 37 figs., 17 tabs.

Marseille, T.J.; Schliesing, J.S.

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retail pump storage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

The integration of water loop heat pump and building structural thermal storage systems  

SciTech Connect

Many commercial buildings need heat in one part and, at the same time, cooling in another part. Even more common is the need for heating during one part of the day and cooling during another in the same spaces. If that energy could be shifted or stored for later use, significant energy might be saved. If a building's heating and cooling subsystems could be integrated with the building's structural mass and used to collect, store, and deliver energy, the energy might be save cost-effectively. To explore this opportunity, researchers at the Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) examined the thermal interactions between the heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning (HVAC) system and the structure of a commercial building. Computer models were developed to simulate the interactions in an existing building located in Seattle, Washington, to determine how these building subsystems could be integrated to improve energy efficiency. The HVAC subsystems in the existing building were modeled. These subsystems consist of decentralized water-source heat pumps (WSHP) in a closed water loop, connected to cooling towers for heat rejection during cooling mode and boilers to augment heating. An initial base case'' computer model of the Seattle building, as-built, was developed. Metered data available for the building were used to calibrate this model to ensure that the analysis would provide information that closely reflected the operation of a real building. The HVAC system and building structure were integrated in the model using the concrete floor slabs as thermal storage media. The slabs may be actively charged during off-peak periods with the chilled water in the loop and then either actively or passively discharged into the conditioned space during peak periods. 21 refs., 37 figs., 17 tabs.

Marseille, T.J.; Schliesing, J.S.

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

SUPERCONDUCTING MAGNETIC ENERGY STORAGE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Adki ns, "Raccoon Mountain Pumped-Storage Plant- Ten Years2J O. D. Johnson, "Worldwide Pumped-Storage Projects", PowerUnderground Pumped Hydro Storage", Proc. 1976 Eng.

Hassenzahl, W.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Traditional Inventory Models in an E-Retailing Setting: A Two-Stage Serial System with Space Constraints  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In an e-retailing setting, the efficient utilization of inventory, storage space, and labor is paramount to achieving high levels of customer service and company profits. To optimize the storage space and labor, a retailer ...

Allgor, Russell

44

Retail Unbundling - Utah  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Utah Retail Unbundling - Utah Status: The State has no unbundled service programs for residential customers. Overview: No retail unbundling program is being considered at this time...

45

Retail Electricity Competition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reliability and Competitive Electricity Markets” mimeo, MITCSEM WP 130 Retail Electricity Competition * Paul Joskow andwww.ucei.org Retail Electricity Competition ? Paul Joskow †

Joskow, Paul; Tirole, Jean

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

"1. Bath County","Pumped Storage","Virginia Electric & Power Co",3003  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Virginia" Virginia" "1. Bath County","Pumped Storage","Virginia Electric & Power Co",3003 "2. North Anna","Nuclear","Virginia Electric & Power Co",1864 "3. Possum Point","Gas","Virginia Electric & Power Co",1733 "4. Chesterfield","Coal","Virginia Electric & Power Co",1639 "5. Surry","Nuclear","Virginia Electric & Power Co",1638 "6. Yorktown","Coal","Virginia Electric & Power Co",1141 "7. Tenaska Virginia Generating Station","Gas","Tenaska Virginia Partners LP",927 "8. Clover","Coal","Virginia Electric & Power Co",865

47

Open-cycle chemical heat pump and energy storage system. Final report of Research Program, June 1982-September 1983  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A liquid desiccant heat pump that can heat, cool, humidify, and dehumidify, as well as heat domestic water, has been designed, developed, and tested over a six-year period. Successful operation of the machine demonstrated that a heating cycle utilizing the heat of sorption of a desiccant solution could be added to a desiccant cooling system, thus creating an open-cycle liquid desiccant heat pump. The liquid system was shown to possess a unique capability: the ability to store energy, not as sensible heat but as chemical potential energy, in an uninsulated storage tank with a volume that is an order of magnitude smaller than the insulated volumes needed for water or rock bed storage systems. The spent absorbent solution was reconcentrated in a roof-top solar-collector/reconcentrator. Additionally, it was shown that a packed-column could also act as the reconcentrator; for this operation, the desiccant solution was heated by flat-plate solar collectors, by off-peak electricity, and by waste heat from a vapor compressor.

Robison, H.I.

1983-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

System design and manufacturability of concrete spheres for undersea pumped hydro energy or hydrocarbon storage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Offshore wind and energy storage have both gained considerable attention in recent years as more wind turbine capacity is installed, less attractive/economical space remains for onshore wind, and load-leveling issues make ...

Fennell, Gregory E. (Gregory Edmund)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Numerical Simulation of a Latent Heat Storage System of a Solar-Aided Ground Source Heat Pump  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this study, the rectangular phase change storage tank (PCST) linked to a solar-aided ground source heat pump (SAGSHP) system is investigated experimentally and theoretically. The container of the phase change material (PCM) is the controlling unit of the phase change heat transfer model. It was solved numerically by an enthalpy-based finite difference method and was validated by experimental data. CaCl2•6H2O was used as the PCM in the latent heat storage system of SAGSHP system. In the tank, the PCMs are encapsulated in plastic kegs that are setting on the serpentine coil. The experiments were performed from March 12 to April 10, 2004 in the heating season of the transition period. In order to reflect the effects of the system, two days were chosen to compare the numerical results with experimental data. The inlet and outlet temperature of the water in the PCST, temperature of PCM and storage and emission heat of PCST were measured. The trends of the variation of numerical results and experimental data were in close agreement. Numerical results can reflect the operation mode of the system very well.

Wang, F.; Zheng, M.; Li, Z.; Lei, B.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

SUPERCONDUCTING MAGNETIC ENERGY STORAGE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

pumped hydro, compressed air, and battery energy storage areto other energy storage sys tem s suc h as pumped hydro andenergy would be $50/MJ whereas the cost of the pumped hydro

Hassenzahl, W.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Modeling of absorption heat pumps: solar applications employing chemical storage and steady-state modeling with a comparison to experiments  

SciTech Connect

This work develops simulation models for absorption heat pumps (AHPs) with the goal of enabling a more analytical approach to their study and design. A continuous, liquid absorbent AHP with chemical storage is modeled using mass and energy balances and assuming mass transfer equilibrium. This model is used with the TRNSYS program to simulate the performance of an AHP in a residential solar-driven heating and cooling system. The steady-state and cyclic testing of a prototype gas-fired ammonia-water AHP in an environmental chamber is described; measurements include temperatures, pressures, absorbent concentrations, flow rates and heat flows. The coefficient of performance and heating capacity depend most strongly on ambient temperature; varying the load water temperature and flow rate has lesser effects. The performance of the unit is sensitive to refrigerant charge, with the optimum charge varying with ambient temperature. This AHP shows a significant performance degradation in cyclic operation. A modular, steady-state simulation program for absorption heat pumps in developed and validated with experimental data. The model utilizes an analysis of the refrigerant and absorbent inventory to set the system pressures.

McLinden, M.O.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

SENSIBLE HEAT STORAGE FOR A SOLAR THERMAL POWER PLANT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to electricity. Pumped-hydroelectric storage and batteryis pumped between the heat exchangers and the storage unit.

Baldwin, Thomas F.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Retail Unbundling - Maryland  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Retail Unbundling - Maryland. Status: The state has partially implemented comprehensive unbundling programs for its residential gas customers.

54

Retail Unbundling - Pennsylvania  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Regulatory and Legislative Actions on Retail Unbundling Summary: The Pennsylvania General Assembly passed the Natural Gas Choice and Competition Act ...

55

Retail Unbundling - California  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Regulatory and Legislative Actions on Retail Unbundling Summary: The California Public Utilities Commission (PUC) endorsed restructuring in a collaborative ...

56

Retail Unbundling - New York  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Retail Unbundling - New York. Status: The state has comprehensive unbundling programs for its residential gas customers. Overview: Natural gas ...

57

Lower Brule Sioux Tribe Wind-Pump Storage Feasibility Study Project  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Lower Brule Sioux Tribe is a federally recognized Indian tribe organized pursuant to the 1934 Wheeler-Howard Act (“Indian Reorganization Act”). The Lower Brule Sioux Indian Reservation lies along the west bank of Lake Francis Case and Lake Sharpe, which were created by the Fort Randall and Big Bend dams of the Missouri River pursuant to the Pick Sloan Act. The grid accessible at the Big Bend Dam facility operated by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers is less than one mile of the wind farm contemplated by the Tribe in this response. The low-head hydroelectric turbines further being studied would be placed below the dam and would be turned by the water released from the dam itself. The riverbed at this place is within the exterior boundaries of the reservation. The low-head turbines in the tailrace would be evaluated to determine if enough renewable energy could be developed to pump water to a reservoir 500 feet above the river.

Shawn A. LaRoche; Tracey LeBeau; Innovation Investments, LLC

2007-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

58

Initial findings: The integration of water loop heat pump and building structural thermal storage systems  

SciTech Connect

This report is one in a series of reports describing research activities in support of the US Department of Energy (DOE) Commercial Building System Integration Research Program. The goal of the program is to develop the scientific and technical basis for improving integrated decision-making during design and construction. Improved decision-making could significantly reduce buildings' energy use by the year 2010. The objectives of the Commercial Building System Integration Research Program are: to identify and quantify the most significant energy-related interactions among building subsystems; to develop the scientific and technical basis for improving energy related interactions in building subsystems; and to provide guidance to designers, owners, and builders for improving the integration of building subsystems for energy efficiency. The lead laboratory for this program is the Pacific Northwest Laboratory. A wide variety of expertise and resources from industry, academia, other government entities, and other DOE laboratories are used in planning, reviewing and conducting research activities. Cooperative and complementary research, development, and technology transfer activities with other interested organizations are actively pursued. In this report, the interactions of a water loop heat pump system and building structural mass and their effect on whole-building energy performance is analyzed. 10 refs., 54 figs., 1 tab.

Marseille, T.J.; Johnson, B.K.; Wallin, R.P.; Chiu, S.A.; Crawley, D.B.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

Storage  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Storage Storage DUF6 Health Risks line line Accidents Storage Conversion Manufacturing Disposal Transportation Storage A discussion of depleted UF6 cylinder storage activities and associated risks. Management Activities for Cylinders in Storage The long-term management of the existing DUF6 storage cylinders and the continual effort to remediate and maintain the safe condition of the DUF6 storage cylinders will remain a Departmental responsibility for many years into the future. The day to day management of the DUF6 cylinders includes actions designed to cost effectively maintain and improve their storage conditions, such as: General storage cylinder and storage yard maintenance; Performing regular inspections of cylinders; Restacking and respacing the cylinders to improve drainage and to

60

Storage  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Environmental Risks » Storage Environmental Risks » Storage Depleted UF6 Environmental Risks line line Storage Conversion Manufacturing Disposal Environmental Risks of Depleted UF6 Storage Discussion of the potential environmental impacts from storage of depleted UF6 at the three current storage sites, as well as potential impacts from the storage of depleted uranium after conversion to an oxide form. Impacts Analyzed in the PEIS The PEIS included an analysis of the potential environmental impacts from continuing to store depleted UF6 cylinders at the three current storage sites, as well as potential impacts from the storage of depleted uranium after conversion to an oxide form. Impacts from Continued Storage of UF6 Cylinders Continued storage of the UF6 cylinders would require extending the use of a

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retail pump storage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Pumped Hydro | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

search Introduction caption:Pumped Storage diagram at TVA's Racoon mountain Pumped Hydro is an energy storage technique where water is used as a medium in order to store...

62

The integration of water loop heat pump and building structural thermal storage systems  

SciTech Connect

Commercial buildings often have extensive periods where one space needs cooling and another heating. Even more common is the need for heating during one part of the day and cooling during another in the same spaces. If a building's heating and cooling system could be integrated with the building's structural mass such that the mass can be used to collect, store, and deliver energy, significant energy might be saved. Computer models were developed to simulate this interaction for an existing office building in Seattle, Washington that has a decentralized water-source heat pump system. Metered data available for the building was used to calibrate a base'' building model (i.e., nonintegrated) prior to simulation of the integrated system. In the simulated integration strategy a secondary water loop was manifolded to the main HVAC hydronic loop. tubing in this loop was embedded in the building's concrete floor slabs. Water was routed to this loop by a controller to charge or discharge thermal energy to and from the slabs. The slabs were also in thermal communication with the conditioned spaces. Parametric studies of the building model, using weather data for five other cities in addition to Seattle, predicted that energy can be saved on cooling dominated days. On hot, dry days and during the night the cooling tower can beneficially be used as a free cooling'' source for thermally charging'' the floor slabs using cooled water. Through the development of an adaptive/predictive control strategy, annual HVAC energy savings as large as 30% appear to be possible in certain climates. 8 refs., 13 figs.

Marseille, T.J.; Schliesing, J.S.

1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

63

Retail Unbundling - Montana  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Retail Unbundling - Montana. Status: The state has two pilot unbundling programs for residential gas customers. Overview: Two local distribution companies (LDCs) in ...

64

Retail Unbundling - Texas  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Home > Natural Gas > Natural Gas Residential Choice Programs > Texas Retail Unbundling - Texas Status: The State has no active residential customer choice programs, but some...

65

Retail Unbundling - Idaho  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Home > Natural Gas > Natural Gas Residential Choice Programs > Idaho Retail Unbundling - Idaho Status: The State has no unbundled service programs for residential customers....

66

Retail Unbundling - New Mexico  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Retail Unbundling - New Mexico. Status: All residential customers in the state are allowed to choose natural gas suppliers, but no one is participating.

67

Retail Unbundling - Texas  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Retail Unbundling - Texas. Status: The state has no active residential customer choice programs, but some municipalities have formed cooperative arrangements with ...

68

Retail Unbundling - South Dakota  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Home > Natural Gas > Natural Gas Residential Choice Programs > South Dakota Retail Unbundling - South Dakota Status: Some residential customers in the State have access to...

69

Chapter 5. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price of ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

106 U.S. Energy Information Administration/Electric Power Monthly June 2012 Chapter 5. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price of Electricity

70

THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE IN AQUIFERS WORKSHOP  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ground water was pumped into the storage tank from the well,be withdrawn from storage, HTW is pumped from the hot well,storage well. However, both wells are capable of being pumped and

Authors, Various

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Solar-powered saline sorbent-solution heat pump/storage system. [Coastal Energy Laboratory-Chemical Heat Pump (CEL-CHEAP)  

SciTech Connect

Coastal Energy Laboratory Chemical Heat Pump (CEL-CHEAP) is a redesigned open-cycle liquid desiccant air conditioner. Heat is discharged to shallow-well water by dehumidification-humidification for cooling and extracted by humidification-dehumidification for heating. Direct solar radiation concentrates the desiccant. For continuous operation, a small uninsulated tank stores concentrated solution. 6 refs.

Robison, H.; Houston, S.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Laboratory Equipment - Vacuubrand PC101 Vacuum Pump  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Vacuubrand PC101 Vacuum Pump. ... pumping speed: 1.7/2.0 m 3 -h -1; Ultimate ... outlet: 2 bar; Permitted ambient temperature storage/operation: -10°C ...

2012-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

73

Retail electricity competition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyze a number of unstudied aspects of retail electricity competition. We first explore the implications of load profiling of consumers whose traditional meters do not allow for measurement of their real time consumption, ...

Joskow, Paul L.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Uncertainties in the Value of Bill Savings from Behind-the-Meter, Residential Photovoltaic Systems: The Roles of Electricity Market Conditions, Retail Rate Design, and Net Metering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy) Natural gas Pumped Storage C Price Elasticity ofhydro power plants, pumped storage, and nuclear plants).the 2011 levels of pumped hydro storage (3.6 GW), which has

Darghouth, Naim Richard

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Flexographically Printed Rechargeable Zinc-based Battery for Grid Energy Storage  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

conversion: pumped hydroelectric storage; (3) internalpumped hydroelectric systems account for 99% of a worldwide storage

Wang, Zuoqian

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

Retail Unbundling - Ohio - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Retail Unbundling - Ohio. Status: The state has partially implemented comprehensive unbundling programs for its residential customers. Overview: Retail unbundling by ...

77

Large Scale Geothermal Exchange System for Residential, Office and Retail  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Geothermal Exchange System for Residential, Office and Retail Geothermal Exchange System for Residential, Office and Retail Development Geothermal Project Jump to: navigation, search Last modified on July 22, 2011. Project Title Large Scale Geothermal Exchange System for Residential, Office and Retail Development Project Type / Topic 1 Recovery Act - Geothermal Technologies Program: Ground Source Heat Pumps Project Type / Topic 2 Topic Area 1: Technology Demonstration Projects Project Description RiverHeath will be a new neighborhood, with residences, shops, restaurants, and offices. The design incorporates walking trails, community gardens, green roofs, and innovative stormwater controls. A major component of the project is our reliance on renewable energy. One legacy of the land's industrial past is an onsite hydro-electric facility which formerly powered the paper factories. The onsite hydro is being refurbished and will furnish 100% of the project's electricity demand.

78

Retail: Looking for Energy Solutions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

index for all retail building types. > Set Energy Performance Goals. SPPs use the ENERGY STAR Commercial Building Design Guidance to help you set meaningful goals and...

79

Storage Sub-committee  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Gaps - Existing R&D and pilot programs - CAES - Controllable pumping - Off shore (energy island, etc) - Gravity systems - Thermal storage Confidential 3 Report to DOE ...

80

ENERGY STAR Score for Retail Stores  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

100 percentile ranking of performance, relative to the national population. Property Types. The ENERGY STAR score for retail stores applies to retail stores and wholesale...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retail pump storage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

2012 Storage Report: Progress and Prospects - EAC Recommendations...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Worldwide ...20 Figure 6: Energy Storage Capacity (MW), Excluding Traditional Pumped Hydro, Worldwide ....21 Figure...

82

Market Structure Across Retail Formats  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study how market structure within a product category varies across retail formats. Building on the literature on internal market structure, we estimate a joint store and brand choice model where the loading matrix of brand attributes are allowed to ... Keywords: brand maps, heterogeniety, market structure, retail formats

Karsten Hansen; Vishal Singh

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

NREL: Learning - Pumped Hydropower  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Pumped Hydropower Pumped Hydropower Pumped hydro facilities use off-peak electricity to pump water from a lower reservoir into one at a higher elevation. When the water stored in the upper reservoir is released, it is passed through hydraulic turbines to generate electricity. The off-peak electrical energy used to pump the water up hill can be stored indefinitely as gravitational energy in the upper reservoir. Thus, two reservoirs in combination can be used to store electrical energy for a long period of time, and in large quantities. Utilities generally prefer to operate large coal and nuclear power stations at full power all the time (referred to as "baseload generation"), so in the middle of the night, these plants often produce more power than is needed. Pumped hydro energy storage can be used to smooth out the demand

84

Preliminary design study of underground pumped hydro and compressed-air energy storage in hard rock. Volume 1. Executive summary. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Potomac Electric Power Company (PEPCO) and Acres American Incorporated (AAI) have carried out a preliminary design study of water-compensated Compressed Air Energy Storage (CAES) and Underground Pumped Hydroelectric (UPH) plants for siting in geological conditions suitable for hard rock excavations. The work was carried out over a period of three years and was sponsored by the US Department of Energy (DOE), the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) and PEPCO. The study was divided into five primary tasks as follows: establishment of design criteria and analysis of impact on power system; selection of site and establishment of site characteristics; formulation of design approaches; assessment of environmental and safety aspects; and preparation of preliminary design of plant. The salient aspects considered and the conclusions reached during the consideration of the five primary tasks for both CAES and UPH are presented in this Executive Summary, which forms Volume 1 of the series of reports prepared during the study. The investigations and analyses carried out, together with the results and conclusions reached, are described in detail in Volumes 2 through 13 and ten appendices.

Not Available

1981-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Retail Unbundling - Kentucky  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy Information Administration ... of minimum levels of the utility’s storage and transportation capacity and undergo a prospective capacity audit.” If a ...

86

Sulfuric acid/water chemical heat pump/chemical energy storage. Final report: Phases 1 and 2, October 1979 through September 1980; Phases 3 and 4, October 1980 through January 1982  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The sulfuric acid/water chemical heat pump/chemical energy storage (CHP/CES) concept was expanded to include previously unexplored applications, the most notable of which is the industrial chemical heat pump. A requirements analysis was completed which showed the CHP/CES application having the greatest near-term-commercialization potential in the form of a temperature amplification system. Another configuration, the HVAC system with or without diurnal storage was selected for further study. A verification test unit (VTU) was designed and is capable of demonstrating operation as an ICHP as well as an HVAC system. The VTU was fabricated and tested with a nominal power rating of 150,000 Btu/hr. Testing of the unit was directed at evaluating operational performance in the industrial waste heat upgrade mode. (LEW)

Not Available

1982-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Regional Retail Gasoline Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7 7 Notes: Retail gasoline prices, like those for distillate fuels, have hit record prices nationally and in several regions this year. The national average regular gasoline price peaked at $1.68 per gallon in mid-June, but quickly declined, and now stands at $1.45, 17 cents higher than a year ago. Two regions, in particular, experienced sharp gasoline price runups this year. California, which often has some of the highest prices in the nation, saw prices peak near $1.85 in mid-September, while the Midwest had average prices over $1.87 in mid-June. Local prices at some stations in both areas hit levels well over $2.00 per gallon. The reasons for the regional price runups differed significantly. In the Midwest, the introduction of Phase 2 RFG was hampered by low stocks,

88

Mathematical modeling of mixer pump performance for agitation of radioactive slurries in one-million-gallon underground storage tanks at Hanford  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this work is to analyze the Hanford Waste Vitrification Project (HWVP) feed preparation tank mixing pump agitation design. This was accomplished by (1) reviewing mixing pump characteristics, (2) performing computer modeling of jet mixing and particulate material transport, (3) evaluating the propensity of the tank and mixing pump design to maintain particulate material in the tank in a uniformly mixed state, and (4) identifying important design parameters required to ensure optimum homogeneity and solids content during batch transfers.

Bamberger, J.A.; Eyler, L.L.; Dodge, R.E.

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Price of Motor Gasoline Through Retail Outlets  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Prices, Sales Volumes & Stocks by State Prices, Sales Volumes & Stocks by State (Dollars per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Data Series: Retail Price - Motor Gasoline Retail Price - Regular Gasoline Retail Price - Midgrade Gasoline Retail Price - Premium Gasoline Retail Price - Aviation Gasoline Retail Price - Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Retail Price - Propane Retail Price - Kerosene Retail Price - No. 1 Distillate Retail Price - No. 2 Distillate Retail Price - No. 2 Fuel Oil Retail Price - No. 2 Diesel Fuel Retail Price - No. 4 Fuel Oil Prime Supplier Sales - Motor Gasoline Prime Supplier Sales - Regular Gasoline Prime Supplier Sales - Midgrade Gasoline Prime Supplier Sales - Premium Gasoline Prime Supplier Sales - Aviation Gasoline Prime Supplier Sales - Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Prime Supplier Sales - Propane (Consumer Grade) Prime Supplier Sales - Kerosene Prime Supplier Sales - No. 1 Distillate Prime Supplier Sales - No. 2 Distillate Prime Supplier Sales - No. 2 Fuel Oil Prime Supplier Sales - No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prime Supplier Sales - No. 4 Fuel Oil Prime Supplier Sales - Residual Fuel Oil Stocks - Finished Motor Gasoline Stocks - Reformulated Gasoline Stocks - Conventional Gasoline Stocks - Motor Gasoline Blending Components Stocks - Kerosene Stocks - Distillate Fuel Oil Stocks - Distillate F.O., 15 ppm and under Sulfur Stocks - Distillate F.O., Greater than 15 to 500 ppm Sulfur Stocks - Distillate F.O., Greater 500 ppm Sulfur Stocks - Residual Fuel Oil Stocks - Propane/Propylene Period: Monthly Annual

90

Price adjustment at multiproduct retailers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We empirically study the price adjustment process at multiproduct retail stores. We use a unique store level data set for five large supermarket and one drugstore chains in the U.S., to document the exact process required to change prices. Our data set allows us to study this process in great detail, describing the exact procedure, stages, and steps undertaken during the price change process. We also discuss various aspects of the microeconomic environment in which the price adjustment decisions are made, factors affecting the price adjustment decisions, and firm-level implications of price adjustment decisions. Specifically, we examine the effects of the complexity of the price change process on the stores ’ pricing strategy. We also study how the steps involved in the price change process, combined with the laws governing the retail price setting and adjustment, along with the competitive market structure of the retail grocery industry, influence the frequency of price changes. We also examine how the mistakes that occur in the price change process influence the actions taken by these multiproduct retailers. In particular, we study how these mistakes can make the stores vulnerable to civil law suits and penalties, and also damage their reputation. We also show how the mistakes can lead to stockouts or unwanted inventory accumulations. Finally, we discuss how retail stores try to minimize these

Daniel Levy; Mark Bergen; Robert Venable; Robert W. Baird

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Texas Retail Energy, LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Texas Retail Energy, LLC Place Arkansas Utility Id 50046 Utility Location Yes Ownership R ISO Ercot Yes ISO NY Yes Activity Retail Marketing Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final...

92

SPP sales flyer for retail | ENERGY STAR  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for retail Need a hand preparing for an upcoming sales call? This fact sheet provides energy use facts for the retail sector, tips on how to talk to this audience, opportunities...

93

PUMP CONSTRUCTION  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A pump which utilizes the fluid being pumped through it as its lubricating fluid is described. This is achieved by means of an improved bearing construction in a pump of the enclosed or canned rotor type. At the outlet end of the pump, adjacent to an impeller mechanism, there is a bypass which conveys some of the pumped fluid to a chamber at the inlet end of the pump. After this chamber becomes full, the pumped fluid passes through fixed orifices in the top of the chamber and exerts a thrust on the inlet end of the pump rotor. Lubrication of the rotor shaft is accomplished by passing the pumped fluid through a bypass at the outlet end of the rotor shaft. This bypass conveys Pumped fluid to a cooling means and then to grooves on the surface of the rotor shait, thus lubricating the shaft.

Strickland, G.; Horn, F.L.; White, H.T.

1960-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

94

Measuring Devices: Compressed Natural Gas Retail Motor ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Compressed Natural Gas Retail Motor-Fuel Dispensers. ... Hydrogen Measuring Devices; Liquefied Petroleum Gas Liquid-Measuring Devices; ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

95

Retail Unbundling - Virginia - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Retail Unbundling - Virginia. Status: The state has begun the process of implementing comprehensive unbundling programs for its residential gas customers.

96

Retail Unbundling - Michigan - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Retail Unbundling- Michigan. Status: The state has begun the process of implementing comprehensive unbundling programs for its residential gas customers.

97

Retail Unbundling - Colorado - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Retail Unbundling - Colorado. Status: The state has begun the process of implementing comprehensive unbundling programs for its residential gas customers.

98

Retail Motor-Fuel Dispensers and Consoles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Retail Motor-Fuel Dispensers and Consoles. Purpose: This 5-day RMFD course provides participants with the knowledge ...

2013-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

99

Retail Unbundling - New Mexico - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Retail Unbundling - New Mexico. Status: The state has a comprehensive unbundling program available for residential customers. Overview: New Mexico has ...

100

Retail Unbundling - New York - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Retail Unbundling - New York. Status: The state has comprehensive unbundling programs for its residential gas customers. Overview: Natural gas ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retail pump storage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Retail battle for conservation dollars  

SciTech Connect

Large companies are entering the profitable retail market with conservation equipment and services that will compete for a share of the $10 to $80 billion Americans will spend on energy efficiency this year. Energy centers and clinics are also opening around the country to market products and compete with the utilities for energy audit business. The new retailing efforts are counting on homeowners' willingness to spend money to lower their energy bills. The smaller companies hope to hold their own against competition from large corporations. (DCK)

McCaughey, J.

1981-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

102

Strategic Assortment Reduction by a Dominant Retailer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In certain product categories, large discount retailers are known to offer shallower assortments than traditional retailers. In this paper, we investigate the competitive incentives for such assortment decisions and the implications for manufacturers' ... Keywords: assortment, channel power, channels of distribution, retailing

Anthony J. Dukes; Tansev Geylani; Kannan Srinivasan

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

STAFF FORECAST: AVERAGE RETAIL ELECTRICITY PRICES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION STAFF FORECAST: AVERAGE RETAIL ELECTRICITY PRICES 2005 TO 2018 report, Staff Forecast: Retail Electricity Prices, 2005 to 2018, was prepared with contributions from the technical assistance provided by Greg Broeking of R.W. Beck, Inc. in preparing retail price forecasts

104

Retail Price Drivers and their Financial Consequences  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

making the data available. Retail Price Drivers and their Financial Consequences What are the drivers of retailers ' prices and what, if any, are their financial consequences? The results of a large-scale quantitative analysis show that retail prices are mainly driven by pricing history (50%), acquisition costs (25%), and demand feedback (12.5%). In contrast to pricing history, demand-based pricing is associated with higher retailer (and manufacturer) financial performance. The remaining price drivers: category management, store traffic, and store brand performance, affect manufacturer and retailer performance in more complex ways.

Shuba Srinivasan; Koen Pauwels; Vincent Nijs; Mike Hanssens; Carl Mela; Scott Neslin For Comments; Suggestions The Paper

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Facility automation for retail facilities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article will focus on retail chain stores with areas of 22,000 to 75,000 sq ft, but much of the article will apply to all retail stores independent of size. Typically, a store is serviced by 5 to 15 rooftop HVAC units with a total cooling capacity of 50 to 150 tons, depending on the floor area and geographic location. The interior lighting represents a load of 80 to 300 KW with three lighting levels--retail, stocking, and security or night. Most stores are located in strip centers, and therefore, the parking lot lighting is provided by the landlord, but each store does control and service its own sign lighting. Generally, the total load controlled by an FAS represents 130 to 450 KW with corresponding annual energy costs ranging from $65,000 to $200,000 (natural gas and electricity), depending on the size of the store and the local unit costs of energy. Historical utility data, electrical and mechanical drawings, site surveys, significant analyses of data, and most importantly, discussions with corporate facilities management personnel and store operations personnel provide the source for the development theory and sequence of operation of the design of the facility automation systems for retail stores. The three main goals of an FAS are: reduce utility operating costs, maintain comfort levels during occupied hours, reduce HVAC maintenance costs.

Ameduri, G. (Roth Bros., Inc., Youngstown, OH (United States). Facilities Automation Division)

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

RECONCILIATION OF RETAILER CLAIMS, 2002  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

electricity generators who report meter data to a system operator to also report generation, fuel type requires retail providers of electricity to disclose fuel source information to consumers about, and fuel type consumed (as a percentage of generation) data to the system operator on a quarterly basis

107

Category:StandAloneRetail | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

StandAloneRetail StandAloneRetail Jump to: navigation, search Go Back to PV Economics By Building Type Media in category "StandAloneRetail" The following 77 files are in this category, out of 77 total. SVStandAloneRetail Atlantic City NJ Public Service Elec & Gas Co.png SVStandAloneRetail Atl... 63 KB SVStandAloneRetail Bismarck ND Montana-Dakota Utilities Co (North Dakota).png SVStandAloneRetail Bis... 70 KB SVStandAloneRetail Burlington VT Central Vermont Pub Serv Corp.png SVStandAloneRetail Bur... 68 KB SVStandAloneRetail Cedar City UT Moon Lake Electric Assn Inc (Utah).png SVStandAloneRetail Ced... 57 KB SVStandAloneRetail Charleston SC South Carolina Electric&Gas Co.png SVStandAloneRetail Cha... 67 KB SVStandAloneRetail Cheyenne WY Powder River Energy Corporation.png

108

ELECTROMAGNETIC PUMP  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This patent reiates to electromagnetic pumps for electricity-conducting fluids and, in particular, describes several modifications for a linear conduction type electromagnetic interaction pump. The invention resides in passing the return conductor for the current traversing the fiuid in the duct back through the gap in the iron circuit of the pump. Both the maximum allowable pressure and the efficiency of a linear conduction electromagnetic pump are increased by incorporation of the present invention.

Pulley, O.O.

1954-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

109

Retail Market Based Pricing: Retail Market Based Pricing - Three Cases  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Customers are not provided with incentives for efficient conservation and substitution of electricity away from peak periods if they do not face prices that reflect the real-time cost of purchasing wholesale electricity that is experienced by their retail energy provider. Recent events in California's restructured electricity market underscore the importance of developing products and structures that enable demand response to changes in prices in these markets. This report assembles three studies of cust...

2001-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

110

Thermal storage studies for solar heating and cooling: applications using chemical heat pumps. Final report, September 15, 1979-April 15, 1980  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

TRNSYS-compatible subroutines for the simulation of chemical heat pumps have been written, and simulations (including heating, cooling, and domestic hot water) have been performed for Washington, DC and Ft. Worth, Texas. Direct weekly comparisons of the H/sub 2/SO/sub 4//H/sub 2/O and CaCl/sub 2//CH/sub 3/OH cycles have been carried out. Projected performance of the NH/sub 4/NO/sub 3//NH/sub 3/ cycle has also been investigated, and found to be essentially identical to H/sub 2/SO/sub 4//H/sub 2/O. In all cases simulated, the solar collector is a fixed evacuated tube system, which is necessary because chemical heat pumps operate at higher solar collector temperatures (> 100/sup 0/C) than conventional solar systems. With standard residential loads, the chemical heat pumps performed surprisingly well. In the Ft. Worth climate, less than 45 m/sup 2/ of collectors were required to meet over 90% of the heating and cooling loads. In Washington, DC, the area required to meet the cooling load was smaller (as little as 20 m/sup 2/, depending on window shading), but was sufficient to meet only 50 to 60% of the heating load. However, gas-fired backup via the heat pump was quite effective in reducing fossil fuel consumption: the thermal COPs in the heating mode were in the range 1.6 to 1.7. Since chemical heat pumps are designed to reject heat at relatively high temperatures, they were also effective in providing domestic hot water, supplying ca. 70% of the DHW in summer, ca. 50% in winter, and nearly 100% in spring and fall.

Offenhartz, P O.D.

1981-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Retail Diesel Fuel Oil Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Along with heating oil prices, the distillate supply squeeze has Along with heating oil prices, the distillate supply squeeze has severely impacted diesel fuel prices, especially in the Northeast. Retail diesel price data are available sooner than residential heating oil data. This graph shows that diesel prices turned the corner sometime after February 7 and are heading down. Retail diesel fuel prices nationally, along with those of most other petroleum prices, increased steadily through most of 1999. Prices jumped dramatically (by over 11 cents per gallon) in the third week of January, and rose 2 or more cents a week through February 7. The increases were much more rapid in the Northeast. From January 17 through February 7, diesel fuel prices in New England rose nearly 68 cents per gallon, or 47 percent. Prices in the Mid-Atlantic region rose about 58

112

Retail Unbundling - Illinois - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Retail Unbundling - Illinois. Status: Some residential customers in the state have access to pilot unbundling programs. Overview: Residential gas customers in 16 ...

113

Retail Unbundling - U.S. Summary  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Retail Unbundling - U.S. Summary. Overview: Enrollment in existing "customer choice" programs generally increased in 2002 as the number of eligible customers grew ...

114

Retail Unbundling - Florida - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Retail Unbundling - Florida. Status: The state has approved two pilot unbundling programs for residential customers. Overview: Two natural gas utilities (Chesapeake ...

115

Retail Unbundling - Ohio - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

House Bill 9. Governor signed amended substituted HB 9, which requires retail gas suppliers to be certified by PUCO; authorizes governmental aggregation for ...

116

Retail Heating Oil and Diesel Fuel Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

With the worst of the heating season (October-March) now behind us, we can be fairly confident that retail heating oil prices have seen their seasonal ...

117

2012 Brief: Retail gasoline prices vary significantly ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Uranium fuel, nuclear reactors, generation, spent fuel. ... Retail gasoline prices are published by region, for 9 selected states, 10 selected cities, ...

118

Communicating Sustainability through Design within Retail Environments.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis uses a systematic understanding of sustainability informed by human needs, learning and design theory to explore ways in which small retail environments can… (more)

Hendry, Daniel; Silcox, Lawrence

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Retail Unbundling - Ohio - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy Information Administration (U.S. Dept. of Energy) Home > Natural Gas > Natural Gas Residential Choice Programs > Ohio : Retail ... (DEO) Proposed Tariff.

120

Retail Unbundling - Ohio - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy Information Administration (U.S. Dept. of Energy) ... Companies File Tariff Revisions to Correspond to New Rules for Competitive Retail Gas Service.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retail pump storage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Retail Demand Response in Southwest Power Pool  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

23 ii Retail Demand Response in SPP List of Figures and10 Figure 3. Demand Response Resources by11 Figure 4. Existing Demand Response Resources by Type of

Bharvirkar, Ranjit

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Retail Unbundling - Virginia - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Natural Gas Residential Programs by State. ... re-establishing retail rate regulation for most electricity customers in Virginia on January 1, 2009.

123

Retail Unbundling - Minnesota - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Retail Unbundling - Minnesota. Status: The state has no unbundled services for residential customers but is considering action. Overview: The Minnesota Public ...

124

Measuring Devices: Retail Motor-Fuel Dispensers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Retail Motor-Fuel Dispensers - Single, Dual, and Multi-Product and Blended Product. Intro about it. EPOs, Field Manual, Training ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

125

Retail Unbundling - Pennsylvania - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Retail Unbundling - Pennsylvania. Status: The state has begun to implement comprehensive unbundling for its residential gas customers. Overview: Competition for gas ...

126

Retail Unbundling - Michigan - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Michigan: Regulatory and Legislative Actions on Retail Unbundling: Summary: Legislation was introduced in the Michigan House of Representatives during the 1999-2000 ...

127

Dominion Retail Inc (Ohio) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

RetailInc(Ohio)&oldid412531" Categories: EIA Utility Companies and Aliases Utility Companies Organizations Stubs What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version...

128

Promotional forecasting in the grocery retail business  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Predicting customer demand in the highly competitive grocery retail business has become extremely difficult, especially for promotional items. The difficulty in promotional forecasting has resulted from numerous internal ...

Koottatep, Pakawkul

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

The Current and Historical Monthly Retail Sales, Revenues and...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

(MWh)","Other Sales (MWh)","All Sector Sales (MWh)","Average Retail Price Residential (ckWh)","Average Retail Price Commercial (ckWh)","Average Retail Price Industrial (c...

130

An assessment of the value of retail ready packaging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Use of retail-ready packaging reduces the costs of replenishing store shelves by eliminating the labor of removing packaging materials and stocking individual items on shelves. While reducing costs for retailers, retail-ready ...

Jackson, Kathleen Anne

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Absorption Heat Pump Water Heater  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Absorption Heat Pump Water Heater Absorption Heat Pump Water Heater Kyle Gluesenkamp Building Equipment Group, ETSD gluesenkampk@ornl.gov 865-241-2952 April 3, 2013 CRADA - GE Development of High Performance Residential Gas Water Heater Image courtesy John Wilkes 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Purpose & Objectives Problem Statement: Absorption technology could greatly boost water heater efficiency, but faces barriers of high first cost and working fluid challenges. Impact of Project: Energy factor of gas storage water

132

Absorption Heat Pump Water Heater  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Absorption Heat Pump Water Heater Absorption Heat Pump Water Heater Kyle Gluesenkamp Building Equipment Group, ETSD gluesenkampk@ornl.gov 865-241-2952 April 3, 2013 CRADA - GE Development of High Performance Residential Gas Water Heater Image courtesy John Wilkes 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Purpose & Objectives Problem Statement: Absorption technology could greatly boost water heater efficiency, but faces barriers of high first cost and working fluid challenges. Impact of Project: Energy factor of gas storage water

133

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Production and Retail Requirements  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Hydrogen Production Hydrogen Production and Retail Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Production and Retail Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Production and Retail Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Production and Retail Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Production and Retail Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Production and Retail Requirements on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Production and Retail Requirements on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Hydrogen Production and Retail Requirements

134

The relationship between retail type and transportation emissions.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study investigates the relationship between three types of retail, Big Box, traditional and online retail, and their transportation related emissions. The study takes a… (more)

Vigder, Samantha

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Texas Retail Energy, LLC (New York) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon Texas Retail Energy, LLC (New York) Jump to: navigation, search Name Texas Retail Energy,...

136

Green Power Marketing in Retail Competition: An Early Assessment  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Green Power Marketing in Retail Competition: An Early Assessment Title Green Power Marketing in Retail Competition: An Early Assessment Publication Type Report Year of Publication...

137

Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. (Connecticut) | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. (Connecticut) Jump to: navigation, search Name Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. Place Connecticut Utility Id 22509 References EIA...

138

Edgeworth Price Cycles: Evidence from the Toronto Retail Gasoline Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Asymmetrically to Crude Oil Price Changes? ” QuarterlyGas Wars: Retail Gasoline Price Fluctua- tions”, Review of7] Eckert, A. “Retail Price Cycles and Response Asymmetry”,

Noel, Michael

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Indirect evaporative cooling in retail  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

JCPenney Co., Inc., recently opened a 126,000-sq ft, two-level retail store in Albuquerque, NM. The project construction was accomplished using a design-build format. This process allows preliminary construction processes to begin while the design is finalized. Law/Kingdom, Inc. was assigned the architectural and engineering services for this building. During the process of design, the team decided to study the addition of evaporative cooling into the air system. This article reviews system design, selection, and performance using an indirect evaporative system in the HVAC system. It also demonstrates the company`s design approach on the original equipment selection for a typical anchor store.

Bartlett, T.A. [JCPenney Co., Plano, TX (United States)

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Heat Pump Water Heaters | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Water Heaters Water Heaters Heat Pump Water Heaters May 4, 2012 - 5:21pm Addthis A diagram of a heat pump water heater. A diagram of a heat pump water heater. What does this mean for me? Heat pump water heaters can be two to three times more energy efficient than conventional electric storage water heaters. Heat pump water heaters work in locations that remain in the 40º-90ºF range year-round. Most homeowners who have heat pumps use them to heat and cool their homes. But a heat pump also can be used to heat water -- either as stand-alone water heating system, or as combination water heating and space conditioning system. How They Work Heat pump water heaters use electricity to move heat from one place to another instead of generating heat directly. Therefore, they can be two to

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retail pump storage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

CALIFORNIA ENERGY Daylight and Retail Sales  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

year with an optimized daylighting system. #12;RETAIL AND DAYLIGHTING INTRODUCTION 1 1. INTRODUCTIONCALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION Daylight and Retail Sales TECHNICALREPORT October 2003 500-03-082-A-5 in this report. #12;#12;ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS This report is a part of the Integrated Energy Systems - Productivity

142

Optimizing Inventory Replenishment of Retail Fashion Products  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider the problem of determining (for a short lifecycle) retail product initial and replenishment order quantities that minimize the cost of lost sales, back orders, and obsolete inventory. We model this problem as a two-stage stochastic dynamic ... Keywords: Heuristics, Inventory replenishment, Retailing, Stochastic dynamic programming

Marshall Fisher; Kumar Rajaram; Ananth Raman

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

January 23, 2006 Dear Retail Provider  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The kilowatt-hours purchased or generated, by generating facility and fuel type during the previous calendar regarding retail disclosure. All retail providers of electricity including, but not limited to investor-owned utilities, publicly owned electric utilities, electric service providers, irrigation districts

144

January 29, 2007 Dear Retail Provider  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The kilowatt-hours purchased or generated, by generating facility and fuel type during the previous calendar regarding retail disclosure. All retail providers of electricity including, but not limited to investor-owned utilities, publicly owned electric utilities, electric service providers, irrigation districts

145

February 14, 2005 Dear Retail Provider  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The kilowatt-hours purchased or generated, by generating facility and fuel type during the previous calendar regarding retail disclosure. All retail providers of electricity including, but not limited to investor-owned utilities, publicly owned electric utilities, electric service providers, irrigation districts

146

January 30, 2004 Dear Retail Provider  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The kilowatt-hours purchased or generated, by generating facility and fuel type during the previous calendar regarding retail disclosure. All retail providers of electricity including, but not limited to investor-owned utilities, publicly owned electric utilities, electric service providers, irrigation districts

147

Incentives for Retailer Forecasting: Rebates vs. Returns  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper studies a manufacturer that sells to a newsvendor retailer who can improve the quality of her demand information by exerting costly forecasting effort. In such a setting, contracts play two roles: providing incentives to influence the retailer's ... Keywords: endogenous adverse selection, forecasting, rebates, returns, supply chain contracting

Terry A. Taylor; Wenqiang Xiao

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Dominion Retail Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dominion Retail Inc Dominion Retail Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Dominion Retail Inc Place Virginia Utility Id 3763 Utility Location Yes Ownership R NERC Location RFC Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Buying Distribution Yes Activity Wholesale Marketing Yes Activity Retail Marketing Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png No rate schedules available. Average Rates No Rates Available References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Dominion_Retail_Inc&oldid=41059

149

Estimating the Value of Electricity Storage Resources in Electricity  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Estimating the Value of Electricity Storage Resources in Estimating the Value of Electricity Storage Resources in Electricity Markets - EAC 2011 Estimating the Value of Electricity Storage Resources in Electricity Markets - EAC 2011 The purpose of this report is to assist the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) in 1) establishing a framework for understanding the role electricity storage resources (storage) can play in wholesale and retail electricity markets, 2) assessing the value of electricity storage in a variety of regions or markets, 3) analyzing current and potential issues that can affect the valuation of storage by investors at the wholesale and retail level, and 4) identifying areas for future research and development for electricity storage technologies and applications. EAC - Estimating the Value of Electricity Storage Resources in Electricity

150

Estimating the Value of Electricity Storage Resources in Electricity  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Estimating the Value of Electricity Storage Resources in Estimating the Value of Electricity Storage Resources in Electricity Markets - EAC 2011 Estimating the Value of Electricity Storage Resources in Electricity Markets - EAC 2011 The purpose of this report is to assist the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) in 1) establishing a framework for understanding the role electricity storage resources (storage) can play in wholesale and retail electricity markets, 2) assessing the value of electricity storage in a variety of regions or markets, 3) analyzing current and potential issues that can affect the valuation of storage by investors at the wholesale and retail level, and 4) identifying areas for future research and development for electricity storage technologies and applications. EAC - Estimating the Value of Electricity Storage Resources in Electricity

151

Part II Energy Storage Technologies  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

II. II. Energy Storage Technology Overview * Instructor - Haresh Kamath, EPRI PEAC * Short term - Flywheels, Cranking Batteries, Electrochemical Capacitors, SMES * Long term - Compressed Air, Pumped Hydro storage, Stationary, Flow Batteries 2 Overview * Technology Types - Batteries, flywheels, electrochemical capacitors, SMES, compressed air, and pumped hydro * Theory of Operation - Brief description of the technologies and the differences between them * State-of-the-art - Past demonstrations, existing hurdles and performance targets for commercialization * Cost and cost projections: - Prototype cost vs. fully commercialized targets Technology Choice for Discharge Time and Power Rating (From ESA) 4 Maturity Levels for Energy Storage Technologies * Mature Technologies - Conventional pumped hydro

152

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Definitions and Retail  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel and Ethanol Biodiesel and Ethanol Definitions and Retail Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Definitions and Retail Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Definitions and Retail Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Definitions and Retail Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Definitions and Retail Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Definitions and Retail Requirements on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Definitions and Retail Requirements on AddThis.com... More in this section...

153

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Retailer Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol Blend Retailer Ethanol Blend Retailer Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Retailer Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Retailer Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Retailer Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Retailer Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Retailer Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Retailer Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Ethanol Blend Retailer Tax Credit The Ethanol Promotion Tax Credit is available to any fuel retailer for up

154

Alternative Fuels Data Center: E15 Retailer Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

E15 Retailer Tax E15 Retailer Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: E15 Retailer Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: E15 Retailer Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: E15 Retailer Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: E15 Retailer Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: E15 Retailer Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: E15 Retailer Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type E15 Retailer Tax Credit Retail stations dispensing gasoline fuel blends of 15% ethanol (E15) for use in motor vehicles may be eligible for a tax credit in the amount of

155

Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Retailer Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

E85 Retailer Tax E85 Retailer Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Retailer Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Retailer Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Retailer Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Retailer Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Retailer Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Retailer Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type E85 Retailer Tax Credit Retail stations dispensing E85 for use in motor vehicles may be eligible for a tax credit in the amount of $0.16 per gallon for calendar years

156

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Retailer Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Retailer Fuel Retailer Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Retailer Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Retailer Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Retailer Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Retailer Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Retailer Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Retailer Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Ethanol Fuel Retailer Tax Credit Retailers that sell fuel blends of gasoline containing up to 15% ethanol by

157

Retail Diesel Fuel Oil Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Along with heating oil prices, the distillate supply squeeze has Along with heating oil prices, the distillate supply squeeze has severely impacted diesel fuel prices, especially in the Northeast. Diesel fuel is bascially the same product as home heating oil. The primary difference is that diesel has a lower sulfur content. When heating oil is in short supply, low sulfur diesel fuel can be diverted to heating oil supply. Thus, diesel fuel prices rise with heating heating oil prices. Retail diesel fuel prices nationally, along with those of most other petroleum prices, increased steadily through most of 1999. But prices in the Northeast jumped dramatically in the third week of January. Diesel fuel prices in New England rose nearly 68 cents per gallon, or 47 percent, between January 17 and February 7. While EIA does not have

158

Renewable Resource Integration Project - Scoping Study of Strategic Transmission, Operations, and Reliability Issues  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in off?peak loads (pumped storage or retail customer excess of 4,000 MW of pumped storage  capability that, if this issue.  Also new pumped  storage facilities could be 

Budhraja, Vikram

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Massachusetts Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

EIA continued to collect LSD prices from retail outlets and included them in the Diesel Average All Types price until July 26, 2010, when no more outlets reported LSD ...

160

San Francisco Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

EIA continued to collect LSD prices from retail outlets and included them in the Diesel Average All Types price until July 26, 2010, when no more outlets reported LSD ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retail pump storage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Cleveland Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

EIA continued to collect LSD prices from retail outlets and included them in the Diesel Average All Types price until July 26, 2010, when no more outlets reported LSD ...

162

Chicago Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

EIA continued to collect LSD prices from retail outlets and included them in the Diesel Average All Types price until July 26, 2010, when no more outlets reported LSD ...

163

Washington Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

EIA continued to collect LSD prices from retail outlets and included them in the Diesel Average All Types price until July 26, 2010, when no more outlets reported LSD ...

164

Colorado Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

EIA continued to collect LSD prices from retail outlets and included them in the Diesel Average All Types price until July 26, 2010, when no more outlets reported LSD ...

165

New York Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

EIA continued to collect LSD prices from retail outlets and included them in the Diesel Average All Types price until July 26, 2010, when no more outlets reported LSD ...

166

Minnesota Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

EIA continued to collect LSD prices from retail outlets and included them in the Diesel Average All Types price until July 26, 2010, when no more outlets reported LSD ...

167

Houston Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

EIA continued to collect LSD prices from retail outlets and included them in the Diesel Average All Types price until July 26, 2010, when no more outlets reported LSD ...

168

Florida Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

EIA continued to collect LSD prices from retail outlets and included them in the Diesel Average All Types price until July 26, 2010, when no more outlets reported LSD ...

169

Seattle Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

EIA continued to collect LSD prices from retail outlets and included them in the Diesel Average All Types price until July 26, 2010, when no more outlets reported LSD ...

170

Los Angeles Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

EIA continued to collect LSD prices from retail outlets and included them in the Diesel Average All Types price until July 26, 2010, when no more outlets reported LSD ...

171

Denver Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

EIA continued to collect LSD prices from retail outlets and included them in the Diesel Average All Types price until July 26, 2010, when no more outlets reported LSD ...

172

Washington Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

3.930: 3.875: 3.809: 2003-2013-= No Data Reported; ... EIA did not collect weekly retail motor gasoline data between December 10, 1990 and January 14, 1991.

173

The impact of retail rate structures on the economics of commercial photovoltaic systems in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the impact of retail electricity rate design on the economiccustomer retail electricity rates currently offered in thethe design of retail electricity rates, particularly for

Mills, Andrew D.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

The Impact of Retail Rate Structures on the Economics of Commercial Photovoltaic Systems in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the impact of retail electricity rate design on the economiccustomer retail electricity rates currently offered in thethe design of retail electricity rates, particularly for

Mills, Andrew

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

The bricks, clicks, economics and mortar of contemporary retail : the consequences that retailer storing strategies and retail performance across markets have on real estate investments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The retail industry in the 21st century is undergoing a confluence of transformative changes. In this paper we discuss particularly noteworthy changes related to demography, retail economics and the Internet. We note how, ...

Fagan, Kevin William

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Consumer behaviour at multi-channel retailers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Consumer behaviour at pure Internet players has been analysed thoroughly in earlier work. When it comes to retailers with multiple distribution channels, however, new behaviour patterns can be observed. Given the fact that multi-channel retailing is much more common than Internet-only, the analysis of consumer behaviour in a multi-channel context constitutes a challenge for the deeper understanding of e-business. The contribution of this research is threefold: first, this study provides an overview of how the 50 largest e-retailers presently coordinate the interaction between sales on their web sites and in physical stores. Second, we present findings from a consumer survey suggesting what consumers like about multi-channel services on retail sites. Finally, user behaviour is empirically evaluated based on transaction and web log data from a large multi-channel retailer. The results indicate a strong demand for multi-channel services and suggest that retailers should expand their multi-channel service spectrum.

Maximilian Teltzrow; Bettina Berendt; Oliver Günther

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Retailer Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Blend Biodiesel Blend Retailer Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Retailer Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Retailer Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Retailer Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Retailer Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Retailer Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Retailer Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Blend Retailer Tax Credit Retailers whose total diesel sales consist of at least 50% biodiesel blends

178

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Retailer License  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Retailer License to someone by E-mail Retailer License to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Retailer License on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Retailer License on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Retailer License on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Retailer License on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Retailer License on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Retailer License on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Natural Gas and Propane Retailer License Compressed natural gas, liquefied natural gas, or liquefied petroleum gas

179

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Retailer Tax Incentive  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Renewable Fuel Renewable Fuel Retailer Tax Incentive to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Retailer Tax Incentive on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Retailer Tax Incentive on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Retailer Tax Incentive on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Retailer Tax Incentive on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Retailer Tax Incentive on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Retailer Tax Incentive on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Renewable Fuel Retailer Tax Incentive A licensed retail motor fuel dealer may receive a quarterly incentive for

180

Submission to the EIRASS Retail brand equity: A PLS Approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In large retail stores, France is characterized by market saturation and even a decline of several retail concepts such as variety stores, or even supermarkets and hypermarkets (Cliquet, 2000). This situation leads to a fierce competition and raises questions which affect marketing strategies of French retail companies. Given the legal context, the French retailers can increase sales through retail brands which appear to be henceforth among the most effective marketing tools. Indeed, product innovation, sophisticated packaging and retail brands- from generic products to premium retail brands (Kumar and Steenkamp, 2007)- could create consumer value. There are thus today real retail branding strategies consisting in creating consumer value leading to the idea of retail brand equity. This paper focuses on retail brand equity to understand where this retail brand value stems from and how to measure it in the French retail context. Adapting the brand equity literature to the retail brand opens large perspectives in the way of considering this type of brands helping managers to examine the importance of components in the shaping of their brand value and finally to develop better strategic and tactical decisions concerning retail brand positioning. Keller’s contributions (Keller, 1993), qualitative methodology and confirmatory analysis are used to

Magali Jara; Gérard Cliquet

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retail pump storage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Experimental Research of Air Source Heat Pump Frosting and Defrosting in a Double Stage-Coupling Heat Pump  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In a double stage-coupling heat pump, comprising an air source and water loop heat pump, the 13~20 ? low temperature water is supplied to the water loop heat pump unit. The water loop heat pump can extract heat from the water and heat the indoor air. The most common method of air source heat pump frost removal is reverse-cycle defrost. During the defrosting operation, the heat pump runs in the cooling mode. The defrost process is accomplished by reversing the normal heating mode. In this paper, the effect of the heat storage tank to the air source heat pump defrosting is test. Owing to the existence of the heat storage tank, thermal inertia of the loop is relatively high. The frosting and defrosting course of the air source heat pump have little effect on the room temperature.

Wang, Z.; Gu, J.; Lu, Z.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Underground Storage Tank Regulations | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Underground Storage Tank Regulations Underground Storage Tank Regulations Underground Storage Tank Regulations < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Developer Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Program Info State Mississippi Program Type Environmental Regulations Siting and Permitting Provider Department of Environmental Quality The Underground Storage Tank Regulations is relevant to all energy projects

183

Using customers data for defining retail market size: a GIS approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Geographical Information Systems (GIS) systems provide a wide array of tools for site, demographic and competitive analyses which enable retailers and marketers to answer several questions that are related to retail location. The aim of this ... Keywords: GIS, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, customer data, demographics, geocoding, geographical information systems, market analysis, marketing policy, retail centres, retail customers, retail market size, retail planning, shopping centres

Abdulkader A. Murad

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Retail Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Retail Electric Retail Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Regulations to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Retail Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Regulations on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Retail Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Regulations on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Retail Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Regulations on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Retail Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Regulations on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Retail Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Regulations on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Retail Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Regulations on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

185

Vertical relationships between manufacturers and retailers: inference with limited data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OR Electricity (industrial) OH Expon (price-estimatedprice IL Retail rental IL Gasoline IL Gasoline OH Electricity (industrial) IL Electricity (price IL Retail rental IL Gasoline IL Gasoline OH Electricity (industrial) IL Electricity (

Villas-Boas, Sofia B.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Vertical relationships between manufacturers and retailers: inference with limited data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electricity (industrial) OH Dependent Variable = Expon (Price -price IL Retail rental IL Gasoline IL Gasoline OH Electricity (industrial) IL Electricity (price IL Retail rental IL Gasoline IL Gasoline OH Electricity (industrial) IL Electricity (

Villas-Boas, Sofia B.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Evaluating demand planning strategy in the retail channel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In 2007 Dell began selling through the retail channel. Five years later, the retail channel is still in the early stages relative to competitors and is growing rapidly. Short product lifecycles, long lead times and a high ...

Zehavi, Limor (Limor Hadas)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Dominion Retail Inc (New York) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dominion Retail Inc (New York) Jump to: navigation, search Name Dominion Retail Inc Place New York Utility Id 3763 References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 -...

189

Inventory planning for low demand items in online retailing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A large online retailer strategically stocks inventory for SKUs with low demand. The motivations are to provide a wide range of selections and faster customer fulfillment service. We assume the online retailer has the ...

Chhaochhria, Pallav

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Inter-organizational information sharing of customer data in retail  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As massive online retailers are putting increasing pressure on the traditional brick-and-mortar retailers, new ways to compete for customers is needed. Identifying customers' behavior and understanding their needs could ...

Tengberg, John C.F. (John Claes Fredrik)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Retail Unbundling status for Michigan - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Retail Unbundling- Michigan. Status: The state has begun the process of implementing comprehensive unbundling programs for its residential gas customers.

192

Retail Unbundling - U.S. Summary - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... require uniform procedures for ... conducted a review of retail access policies. ... and revise the consumer protection guidelines in purchase ...

193

Table 4. Average retail price for bundled and unbundled consumers ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Table 4. Average retail price for bundled and unbundled consumers by sector, Census Division, and State 2011

194

Retail Unbundling status for the state of New York  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Retail Unbundling - New York. Status: The state has comprehensive unbundling programs for its residential gas customers. Overview: Natural gas ...

195

2012 CERTS R&M Peer Review - Summary: A Business Model for Retail Aggregation of Responsive Load - Shmuel Oren  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Retail Aggregation of Responsive Load to Produce Wholesale Retail Aggregation of Responsive Load to Produce Wholesale Demand Side Resources Project Lead: Shmuel Oren Objectives The project seeks to develop methods for assembling, managing, and valuing complementary portfolios of variable or intermittent power sources and applications, such as load curtailment, load shifting, renewable resources (wind, solar) and distributed storage (e.g., EV and PHEV batteries, UPS devices etc.). Aggregators can assemble portfolios of such resources to obtain wholesale resources that can be offered in the various ISO markets and exploit the complimentary aspects of these resources through portfolio structuring and dispatch strategies to mitigate the intermittent nature of load response and renewables. Variability can be further reduced by pooling uncertain retail

196

Retail resources | ENERGY STAR Buildings & Plants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Retail resources Retail resources Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In This Section Campaigns Commercial building design Communications resources Energy management guidance Financial resources Portfolio Manager Products and purchasing Recognition Research and reports Service and product provider (SPP) resources Success stories Target Finder Technical documentation

197

Gas hydrate cool storage system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention presented relates to the development of a process utilizing a gas hydrate as a cool storage medium for alleviating electric load demands during peak usage periods. Several objectives of the invention are mentioned concerning the formation of the gas hydrate as storage material in a thermal energy storage system within a heat pump cycle system. The gas hydrate was formed using a refrigerant in water and an example with R-12 refrigerant is included. (BCS)

Ternes, M.P.; Kedl, R.J.

1984-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

198

Pump8  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Preferred Upstream Management Practices Preferred Upstream Management Practices Rewriting the Meaning of "Standard Business Practices" PUMP U.S. Department of Energy * National Energy Technology Laboratory TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER TO THE USER * Regional Production Obstacles: Identification of specific regional obstacles to oil production, and the preferred management practices to overcome the problems. Demonstrate drilling, field opera- tions technology, reservoir man- agement approaches, computer tools, or better ways to comply with environmental regulations in a case study. * Research Groups or Councils: Use established groups or councils in a region to formulate the "best practices" appropriate to that region. The goal is to develop a self- sustaining system to identify pro- duction constraints and solve them

199

Policy Issues for Retail Beamed Power Transmission  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

it possible to deliver electric power to off-grid locations using millimeter-wave beams and compact, efficient of very large utility-scale power plants, serving given areas in a hub-and-spoke arrangement. GridPolicy Issues for Retail Beamed Power Transmission Girish Chowdhary, Rajeev Gadre, Narayanan

200

May 13, 2003 To all retail providers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

COMMISSION 1516 NINTH STREET SACRAMENTO CA 95814-5512 June 19, 2008 To All Retail Providers: Subject from generators to the California Energy Commission (Energy Commission), and for providing rate payers reporting period, the Energy Commission adopted the 2007 Net System Power Report at its April 16, 2008

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retail pump storage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Retail beamed power using millimeter waves: Survey  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Retail delivery of electric power through millimeter waves is relevant in developing areas where the market for communication devices outpaces the power grid infrastructure. It is also a critical component of an evolutionary path towards terrestrial ... Keywords: Micro renewable energy systems, millimeter wave, power beaming, rural India power, space power grid, systems

Narayanan Komerath; Aravinda Kar

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Grid Services from Hydropower and Pumped Storage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This Technical Update provides a summary of progress for the first year of a two-year collaborative research project to determine the value of hydropower to the electric transmission grid. This project utilizes, enhances, and expands tools to apply and value hydropower assets in the changing electric grid. The project employs several industry analyses and modeling tools at the unit level, the plant level, the system level, and the regional/national level, for quantifying and maximizing the benefits provi...

2010-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

203

Energy Basics: Absorption Heat Pumps  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Systems Air-Source Heat Pumps Ductless Mini-Split Heat Pumps Absorption Heat Pumps Geothermal Heat Pumps Supporting Equipment for Heating & Cooling Systems Water Heating...

204

Energy Basics: Heat Pump Systems  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Systems Air-Source Heat Pumps Ductless Mini-Split Heat Pumps Absorption Heat Pumps Geothermal Heat Pumps Supporting Equipment for Heating & Cooling Systems Water Heating Heat...

205

Energy Basics: Geothermal Heat Pumps  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Systems Air-Source Heat Pumps Ductless Mini-Split Heat Pumps Absorption Heat Pumps Geothermal Heat Pumps Supporting Equipment for Heating & Cooling Systems Water Heating...

206

Information for Retailers of Lighting Products | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Information for Retailers of Lighting Products Information for Retailers of Lighting Products Information for Retailers of Lighting Products July 29, 2012 - 8:18pm Addthis Information for Retailers of Lighting Products U.S. retailers who sell lighting products can use the information below to help their customers better understand energy-efficient lighting choices. New information will be added as it becomes available. U.S. retailers are welcome to use parts of these materials in their retail displays. In those cases, please do so without the Department of Energy's name, since we will not be approving your version. If you would prefer a different version that fits your requirements for size or layout better, and you'd like to keep the Department's name, you are welcome to submit that revised layout for approval. Native artwork files can be made

207

Lifecycle Cost Analysis of Hydrogen Versus Other Technologies for Electrical Energy Storage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report presents the results of an analysis evaluating the economic viability of hydrogen for medium- to large-scale electrical energy storage applications compared with three other storage technologies: batteries, pumped hydro, and compressed air energy storage (CAES).

Steward, D.; Saur, G.; Penev, M.; Ramsden, T.

2009-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Chemical heat pump  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A chemical heat pump system is disclosed for use in heating and cooling structures such as residences or commercial buildings. The system is particularly adapted to utilizing solar energy, but also increases the efficiency of other forms of thermal energy when solar energy is not available. When solar energy is not available for relatively short periods of time, the heat storage capacity of the chemical heat pump is utilized to heat the structure as during nighttime hours. The design also permits home heating from solar energy when the sun is shining. The entire system may be conveniently rooftop located. In order to facilitate installation on existing structures, the absorber and vaporizer portions of the system may each be designed as flat, thin wall, thin pan vessels which materially increase the surface area available for heat transfer. In addition, this thin, flat configuration of the absorber and its thin walled (and therefore relatively flexible) construction permits substantial expansion and contraction of the absorber material during vaporization and absorption without generating voids which would interfere with heat transfer. The heat pump part of the system heats or cools a house or other structure through a combination of evaporation and absorption or, conversely, condensation and desorption, in a pair of containers. A set of automatic controls change the system for operation during winter and summer months and for daytime and nighttime operation to satisfactorily heat and cool a house during an entire year. The absorber chamber is subjected to solar heating during regeneration cycles and is covered by one or more layers of glass or other transparent material. Daytime home air used for heating the home is passed at appropriate flow rates between the absorber container and the first transparent cover layer in heat transfer relationship in a manner that greatly reduce eddies and resultant heat loss from the absorbant surface to ambient atmosphere.

Greiner, Leonard (2750-C Segerstrom Ave., Santa Ana, CA 92704)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Chemical heat pump  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A chemical heat pump system is disclosed for use in heating and cooling structures such as residences or commercial buildings. The system is particularly adapted to utilizing solar energy, but also increases the efficiency of other forms of thermal energy when solar energy is not available. When solar energy is not available for relatively short periods of time, the heat storage capacity of the chemical heat pump is utilized to heat the structure, as during nighttime hours. The design also permits home heating from solar energy when the sun is shining. The entire system may be conveniently rooftop located. In order to faciliate installation on existing structures, the absorber and vaporizer portions of the system may each be designed as flat, thin wall, thin pan vessels which materially increase the surface area available for heat transfer. In addition, this thin, flat configuration of the absorber and its thin walled (and therefore relatively flexible) construction permits substantial expansion and contraction of the absorber material during vaporization and absorption without generating voids which would interfere with heat transfer.

Greiner, Leonard (2853-A Hickory Pl., Costa Mesa, CA 92626)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Chemical heat pump  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A chemical heat pump system is disclosed for use in heating and cooling structures such as residences or commercial buildings. The system is particularly adapted to utilizing solar energy, but also increases the efficiency of other forms of thermal energy when solar energy is not available. When solar energy is not available for relatively short periods of time, the heat storage capacity of the chemical heat pump is utilized to heat the structure, as during nighttime hours. The design also permits home heating from solar energy when the sun is shining. The entire system may be conveniently rooftop located. In order to facilitate intallation on existing structures, the absorber and vaporizer portions of the system may each be designed as flat, thin wall, thin pan vessels which materially increase the surface area available for heat transfer. In addition, this thin, flat configuration of the absorber and its thin walled (and therefore relatively flexible) construction permits substantial expansion and contraction of the absorber material during vaporization and absorption without generating voids which would interfere with heat transfer.

Greiner, Leonard (2853-A Hickory Pl., Costa Mesa, CA 92626)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Chemical heat pump  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A chemical heat pump system is disclosed for use in heating and cooling structures such as residences or commercial buildings. The system is particularly adapted to utilizing solar energy, but also increases the efficiency of other forms of thermal energy when solar energy is not available. When solar energy is not available for relatively short periods of time, the heat storage capacity of the chemical heat pump is utilized to heat the structure, as during nighttime hours. The design also permits home heating from solar energy when the sun is shining. The entire system may be conveniently rooftop located. In order to facilitate installation on existing structures, the absorber and vaporizer portions of the system may each be designed as flat, thin wall, thin pan vessels which materially increase the surface area available for heat transfer. In addition, this thin, flat configuration of the absorber and its thin walled (and therefore relatively flexible) construction permits substantial expansion and contraction of the absorber material during vaporization and absorption without generating voids which would interfere with heat transfer.

Greiner, Leonard (2853-A Hickory Pl., Costa Mesa, CA 92626)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Chemical heat pump  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A chemical heat pump system is disclosed for use in heating and cooling structures such as residences or commercial buildings. The system is particularly adapted to utilizing solar energy, but also increases the efficiency of other forms of thermal energy when solar energy is not available. When solar energy is not available for relatively short periods of time, the heat storage capacity of the chemical heat pump is utilized to heat the structure, as during nighttime hours. The design also permits home heating from solar energy when the sun is shining. The entire system may be conveniently rooftop located. In order to facilitate installation on existing structures, the absorber and vaporizer portions of the system may each be designed as flat, thin wall, thin pan vessels which materially increase the surface area available for heat transfer. In addition, this thin, flat configuration of the absorber and its thin walled (and therefore relatively flexible) construction permits substantial expansion and contraction of the absorber material during vaporization and absorption without generating voids which would interfere with heat transfer.

Greiner, Leonard (2853-A Hickory Pl., Costa Mesa, CA 92626)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

LMFBR with booster pump in pumping loop  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A loop coolant circulation system is described for a liquid metal fast breeder reactor (LMFBR) utilizing a low head, high specific speed booster pump in the hot leg of the coolant loop with the main pump located in the cold leg of the loop, thereby providing the advantages of operating the main pump in the hot leg with the reliability of cold leg pump operation.

Rubinstein, H.J.

1975-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

214

Underground Storage Tank Regulations for the Certification of Persons Who  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Underground Storage Tank Regulations for the Certification of Underground Storage Tank Regulations for the Certification of Persons Who Install, Alter, and Remove Underground Storage Tanks (Mississippi) Underground Storage Tank Regulations for the Certification of Persons Who Install, Alter, and Remove Underground Storage Tanks (Mississippi) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Developer Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells

215

Georgia Underground Storage Tank Act (Georgia) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Underground Storage Tank Act (Georgia) Underground Storage Tank Act (Georgia) Georgia Underground Storage Tank Act (Georgia) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Developer Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Program Info State Georgia Program Type Environmental Regulations Siting and Permitting Provider Georgia Department of Natural Resources The Georgia Underground Storage Act (GUST) provides a comprehensive program to prevent, detect, and correct releases from underground storage tanks

216

Bulk Energy Storage Impact and Value Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper is intended for planners, R&D managers, and potential investors who manage or interpret results from value and impact analysis of energy storage. Due to performance improvements and cost reductions of battery technologies and the expectation that energy storage may help to manage potential operational challenges of incorporating variable, renewable energy resources, energy storage systems are under renewed investigation as a future electric system resource. Pumped hydro storage ...

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

217

`Heat pumps in Smart Grids' IEA Annex 42  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

;Global renewable power generation 42% Average annual growth in Solar PV 27% Average annual growth for heat pumps Source: IEA-ETP 2012 #12;All flexibility sources will be needed Dispatchable power plants Energy storage facilities Interconnection with adjacent markets Biomassfired power plant Pumped hydro

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

218

Hydrogen Storage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Oct 10, 2012 ... Energy Storage: Materials, Systems and Applications: Hydrogen Storage Program Organizers: Zhenguo "Gary" Yang, Pacific Northwest ...

219

Match Pumps to System Requirements  

SciTech Connect

BestPractices Program tip sheet discussing pumping system efficiency matching pumps to system requirements

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

NV Energy Electricity Storage Valuation  

SciTech Connect

This study examines how grid-level electricity storage may benet the operations of NV Energy in 2020, and assesses whether those benets justify the cost of the storage system. In order to determine how grid-level storage might impact NV Energy, an hourly production cost model of the Nevada Balancing Authority (\\BA") as projected for 2020 was built and used for the study. Storage facilities were found to add value primarily by providing reserve. Value provided by the provision of time-of-day shifting was found to be limited. If regulating reserve from storage is valued the same as that from slower ramp rate resources, then it appears that a reciprocating engine generator could provide additional capacity at a lower cost than a pumped storage hydro plant or large storage capacity battery system. In addition, a 25-MW battery storage facility would need to cost $650/kW or less in order to produce a positive Net Present Value (NPV). However, if regulating reserve provided by storage is considered to be more useful to the grid than that from slower ramp rate resources, then a grid-level storage facility may have a positive NPV even at today's storage system capital costs. The value of having storage provide services beyond reserve and time-of-day shifting was not assessed in this study, and was therefore not included in storage cost-benefit calculations.

Ellison, James F.; Bhatnagar, Dhruv; Samaan, Nader A.; Jin, Chunlian

2013-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retail pump storage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Electric retail market options: The customer perspective  

SciTech Connect

This report describes various options that are now available for retail electric customers, or that may become available during the next few years as the electric utility industry restructures. These options include different ways of meeting demand for energy services, different providers of service or points of contact with providers, and different pricing structures for purchased services. Purpose of this document is to examine these options from the customer`s perspective: how might being a retail electric customer in 5--10 years differ from now? Seizing opportunities to reduce cost of electric service is likely to entail working with different service providers; thus, transaction costs are involved. Some of the options considered are speculative. Some transitional options include relocation, customer-built/operated transmission lines, municipalization, self-generation, and long-term contracts with suppliers. All these may change or diminish in a restructured industry. Brokers seem likely to become more common unless restructuring takes the form of mandatory poolcos (wholesale). Some options appear robust, ie, they are likely to become more common regardless of how restructuring is accomplished: increased competition among energy carriers (gas vs electric), real-time pricing, etc. This report identified some of the qualitative differences among the various options. For customers using large amounts of electricity, different alternatives are likely to affect greatly service price, transaction costs, tailoring service to customer preferences, and risks for customer. For retail customers using small amounts of electricity, there may be little difference among the options except service price.

Hadley, S.W.; Hillsman, E.L.

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Load Profiling and Settlement for Retail Markets Methods Assessment Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Retail electric competition requires estimation of hourly loads for each retail supplier. Load profiling is the means by which loads for customers who do not have hourly metering are accounted for. This report presents an assessment of alternative load profiling and settlement methods for retail electric markets and provides a framework for evaluating costs and benefits of potential improvements to profiling and settlement systems. This report is available only to funders of Program 101A or 101.001. Fund...

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Search engine advertising in web retailing : an efficiency analysis.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study examines the efficiency of search engine advertising strategies employed by firms. The research setting is the online retailing industry, which is characterized by… (more)

Mokaya, Brian O.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

A Piecewise Linearization Framework for Retail Shelf Space ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oct 1, 2004 ... Abstract: Managing shelf space is critical for retailers to attract customers ... essential in-store costs and considers space- and cross-elasticities.

225

Coordination of Retail Demand Response with Midwest ISO Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Robinson, Michael, 2008, "Demand Response in Midwest ISOPresentation at MISO Demand Response Working Group Meeting,Coordination of Retail Demand Response with Midwest ISO

Bharvirkar, Ranjit

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Retail Price of No. 2 Fuel Oil to Residential Consumers  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Retail prices and Prime ...

227

Retail Electric Competition: A Blueprint for Consumer Protection...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Response to several FOIA requests - Renewable Energy Restructuring in Retrospect, 2001 REPORT TO CONGRESS ON COMPETITION IN WHOLESALE AND RETAIL MARKETS FOR ELECTRIC ENERGY...

228

Participation lags in most electricity retail choice States ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Fifteen States and the District of Columbia have active retail choice programs for residential electricity ... State regulators set the rates for customers not ...

229

Electricity retail choice is mandated in Texas and growing in ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Retail choice programs let electric power and natural gas customers ... These rates only slowly adjust to ... 15 States and the District of Columbia have active ...

230

State electric retail choice programs are popular with commercial ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

State electric retail choice programs are popular ... majority of industrial customers have signed up in 12 states. The highest participation rates are found in ...

231

Making Sense of Non-Binding Retail-Price Recommendations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

information about production costs, we show that RPRs may beis independent of production costs and punishment strategiesabout their own production costs than retailers. This seems

Gärtner, Dennis L; Buehler, Stefan

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

6. State Regulators Promote Consumer Choice in Retail Gas Markets  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy Information Administration Natural Gas 1996: Issues and Trends 113 6. State Regulators Promote Consumer Choice in Retail Gas Markets Restructur ...

233

Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. (Maryland) | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Maryland) Jump to: navigation, search Name Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. Place Maryland Utility Id 22509 References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 -...

234

Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. (Pennsylvania) | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pennsylvania) Jump to: navigation, search Name Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. Place Pennsylvania Utility Id 22509 References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 -...

235

Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. (Delaware) | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Delaware) Jump to: navigation, search Name Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. Place Delaware Utility Id 22509 References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 -...

236

Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. (Massachusetts) | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Massachusetts) Jump to: navigation, search Name Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. Place Massachusetts Utility Id 22509 References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 -...

237

ENERGY STAR Building Upgrade Manual Chapter 13: Retail Stores...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

care resources Small business resources State and local government resources ENERGY STAR Building Upgrade Manual Chapter 13: Retail Stores The Building Upgrade Manual is a...

238

A Guide to US Retail Pricing Laws and Regulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Guide to Retail Pricing Laws and Regulations. US Pricing Laws and Regulations by state. ... Contact New York directly for a complete listing. ...

2013-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

239

Drivers of gross margins in UK retail electricity.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? This thesis aims at explaining why the UK residential electricity (retail) market enjoys high gross margins in comparison to Vattenfall’s markets in for example… (more)

Törnqvist, Dan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

U.S. Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

(Dollars per Gallon, Including Taxes) Area: ... EIA did not collect weekly retail motor gasoline data between December 10, 1990 and January 14, 1991.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retail pump storage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Retail Unbundling - Minnesota - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Natural Gas Residential Programs by State. ... According to the PUC, no further work has been done to develop retail gas unbundling programs in ...

242

Retail Unbundling - District of Columbia - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

District of Columbia: Legislative and Regulatory Actions on Retail Unbundling Summary: ... Washington Gas Light tariff GT97-3 effective 10/22/99.

243

Refiner Retail Price of Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Retail prices and Prime ...

244

Retail Building Guide for Entrance Energy Efficiency Measures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This booklet is based on the findings of an infiltration analysis for supermarkets and large retail buildings without refrigerated cases. It enables retail building managers and engineers to calculate the energy savings potential for vestibule additions for supermarkets; and bay door operation changes in large retail stores without refrigerated cases. Retail managers can use initial estimates to decide whether to engage vendors or contractors of vestibules for pricing or site-specific analyses, or to decide whether to test bay door operation changes in pilot stores, respectively.

Stein, J.; Kung, F.

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Request for Comments Regarding Rates, Accounting and Financial Reporting for New Electric Storage Technologies Docket No. AD10-13-000  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Innovation, under 18 C.F.R. § 375.315, comments are requested in the above-referenced docket regarding rates, accounting and financial reporting associated with services provided by electric storage technologies. 1 Commission staff has been considering the growing interest in the use of nontraditional technologies to help meet the Nation’s electricity needs. In particular, newer storage technologies like flywheels and chemical batteries have recently achieved technological maturity and are well into successful pilot stages and, in some cases, commercial operation. The roles of traditional generation, transmission, and distribution assets within the electric system are well understood and each has set method(s) of rate recovery, accounting and financial reporting. However, the same is not necessarily true of electric storage. Under appropriate circumstances, storage can act like any of the traditional asset categories, and also like load. The only electricity storage technology that has been widely adopted to date, pumped storage hydropower, was generally built at a time when the majority of utility assets were constructed by vertically integrated load-serving utilities at retail ratepayer expense. In many parts of the country today, entities other than vertically integrated load-serving utilities have expressed interest in building and owning electric storage assets of varying sizes. Suggested business models range from traditional cost-of-service rates to competing in wholesale commodity trading; some are considering the possibility of multiple revenue streams which may blend both cost-of-service recovery for some costs with other costs being at risk in competitive wholesale market Commission. 1 The statements herein do not necessarily reflect the views of the20100611-3032 FERC PDF (Unofficial) 06/11/2010

Washington D. C

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Alternative backing up pump for turbomolecular pumps  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

As an alternative to the use of a mechanical backing pump in the application of wide range turbomolecular pumps in ultra-high and extra high vacuum applications, palladium oxide is used to convert hydrogen present in the evacuation stream and related volumes to water with the water then being cryo-pumped to a low pressure of below about 1.e.sup.-3 Torr at 150.degree. K. Cryo-pumping is achieved using a low cost Kleemenco cycle cryocooler, a somewhat more expensive thermoelectric cooler, a Venturi cooler or a similar device to achieve the required minimization of hydrogen partial pressure.

Myneni, Ganapati Rao (Yorktown, VA)

2003-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

247

The impact of retail rate structures on the economics of commercial photovoltaic systems in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

design of retail electricity tariffs and want to understandof commercial electricity tariffs in the United States,the structure of retail electricity tariffs. Rate Design for

Mills, Andrew D.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

The Impact of Retail Rate Structures on the Economics of Commercial Photovoltaic Systems in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

design of retail electricity tariffs and want to understandof commercial electricity tariffs in the United States,the structure of retail electricity tariffs. Rate Design for

Mills, Andrew

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

The Impact of Retail Rate Structures on the Economics of Commercial Photovoltaic Systems in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

design of retail electricity tariffs and want to understandof commercial electricity tariffs, elucidates the principlesand design of retail electricity tariffs can impact the

Wiser, Ryan; Mills, Andrew; Barbose, Galen; Golove, William

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Patterns of Pass-through of Commodity Price Shocks to Retail Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

B. 1975. “The Farm-Retail Price Spread in a Competitive Foodthe Income Effect: Gasoline Prices and Grocery Purchases. ”2004. “Patterns of Retail Price Variation. ” The RAND

Berck, Peter; Leibtag, Ephraim S.; Villas-Boas, Sofia B.; Solis, Alex

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Retail prices: diesel outpaces gasoline - Today in Energy - U.S ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Since mid-2009 the price of retail diesel has been consistently higher than the price of retail regular grade gasoline. Strong diesel demand in emerging economies and ...

252

The LBNL Water Heater Retail Price Database  

SciTech Connect

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory developed the LBNL Water Heater Price Database to compile and organize information used in the revision of U.S. energy efficiency standards for water heaters. The Database contains all major components that contribute to the consumer cost of water heaters, including basic retail prices, sales taxes, installation costs, and any associated fees. In addition, the Database provides manufacturing data on the features and design characteristics of more than 1100 different water heater models. Data contained in the Database was collected over a two-year period from 1997 to 1999.

Lekov, Alex; Glover, Julie; Lutz, Jim

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Advanced Energy Retrofit Guide Retail Buildings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Advanced Energy Retrofit Guide for Retail Buildings is a component of the Department of Energy’s Advanced Energy Retrofit Guides for Existing Buildings series. The aim of the guides is to facilitate a rapid escalation in the number of energy efficiency projects in existing buildings and to enhance the quality and depth of those projects. By presenting general project planning guidance as well as financial payback metrics for the most common energy efficiency measures, these guides provide a practical roadmap to effectively planning and implementing performance improvements for existing buildings.

Liu, Guopeng; Liu, Bing; Zhang, Jian; Wang, Weimin; Athalye, Rahul A.; Moser, Dave; Crowe, Eliot; Bengtson, Nick; Effinger, Mark; Webster, Lia; Hatten, Mike

2011-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

254

Underground Storage Tanks (New Jersey) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Underground Storage Tanks (New Jersey) Underground Storage Tanks (New Jersey) Underground Storage Tanks (New Jersey) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Developer Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Program Info State New Jersey Program Type Safety and Operational Guidelines This chapter constitutes rules for all underground storage tank facilities- including registration, reporting, permitting, certification, financial responsibility and to protect human health and the environment

255

Advanced Manufacturing Office: Pump Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Pump Systems on Twitter Bookmark Advanced Manufacturing Office: Pump Systems on Google Bookmark Advanced Manufacturing Office: Pump Systems on Delicious Rank Advanced...

256

Revised 1997 Retail Electricity Price Forecast Principal Author: Ben Arikawa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Revised 1997 Retail Electricity Price Forecast March 1998 Principal Author: Ben Arikawa Electricity Energy Commission until adopted at a public meeting. #12;Revised 1997 Retail Price Forecast, December ELECTRICITY PRICE FORECAST Introduction The Electricity Analysis Office of the California Energy Commission

257

Modular Electromechanical Batteries for Cost-Effective Bulk Storage of Electrical Energy  

or wind power systems, or for "spinning reserve" for the utility network. At present virtually the only type of system that can meet these demands is of the "pumped storage" type, where water is pumped up into ...

258

Duke Energy Retail Sales, LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Retail Sales, LLC Retail Sales, LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name Duke Energy Retail Sales, LLC Place Ohio Utility Id 56502 Utility Location Yes Ownership R Activity Retail Marketing Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png No rate schedules available. Average Rates Residential: $0.0749/kWh Commercial: $0.0600/kWh Industrial: $0.0515/kWh References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Duke_Energy_Retail_Sales,_LLC&oldid=410603" Categories: EIA Utility Companies and Aliases

259

Retail: An Overview of Energy Use and Energy Efficiency Opportunities  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Retail: An Overview of Energy Use and Retail: An Overview of Energy Use and Energy Efficiency Opportunities Of the almost 5 million commercial buildings in the U.S. 1 , retail buildings account for the largest energy costs - nearly $20 billion each year 1 - and are also responsible for the second largest percentage of greenhouse gas emissions, leading to global climate change. By becoming more energy efficient, retailers can increase the comfort of customers and productivity of employees, and achieve cost savings that enhance corporate profitability. By using the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) ENERGY STAR tools and resources, retailers can save money and fight global climate change by reducing their energy use through energy efficiency measures. Energy Efficiency Tips

260

A Look at Retail and Service Buildings - Index Page  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Retail and Services Retail and Services Home: A Look at CBECS Building Activities How large are they? How many employees are there? Where are they located? How old are they? Who owns and occupies them? How do they use energy and how much does it cost? How do they use electricity? How do they use natural gas? What types of equipment do they use? How do they measure up on conservation efforts? Summary Comparison Table (All Activities) RETAIL AND SERVICE BUILDINGS There were an estimated 1,289,000 retail and service buildings in the U.S. in 1995. Number of Buildings In the Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS), information is collected separately for service buildings, enclosed malls, strip shopping centers, and retail buildings other than malls. In most CBECS publications, these types are all grouped into one category; where possible, this profile will look at each of these separately.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retail pump storage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Mercantile (Retail Other Than Mall) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Retail Other Than Mall) Retail Other Than Mall) Jump to: navigation, search Building Type Mercantile (Retail Other Than Mall) Definition Buildings used for the sale and display of goods other than food. Sub Categories retail store; beer, wine, or liquor store; rental center; dealership or showroom for vehicles or boats; studio/gallery References EIA CBECS Building Types [1] References ↑ EIA CBECS Building Types U.S. Energy Information Administration (Oct 2008) Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Mercantile_(Retail_Other_Than_Mall)&oldid=270108" Category: CBECS Building Types What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation:

262

DOE Hydrogen Analysis Repository: Emissions Analysis of Electricity Storage  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Emissions Analysis of Electricity Storage with Hydrogen Emissions Analysis of Electricity Storage with Hydrogen Project Summary Full Title: Emissions Analysis of Electricity Storage with Hydrogen Project ID: 269 Principal Investigator: Amgad Elgowainy Brief Description: Argonne National Laboratory examined the potential fuel cycle energy and emissions benefits of integrating hydrogen storage with renewable power generation. ANL also examined the fuel cycle energy use and emissions associated with alternative energy storage systems, including pumped hydro storage (PHS), compressed air energy storage (CAES), and vanadium-redox batteries (VRB). Keywords: Hydrogen; Emissions; Greenhouse gases (GHG); Energy storage; Life cycle analysis Performer Principal Investigator: Amgad Elgowainy Organization: Argonne National Laboratory (ANL)

263

Pumping Fluid Condensation in Oil Diffusion Pumps  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Condensation conditions of the motive fluid in an oil diffusion pump are considered with particular attention to the backstreaming problem. The backstreaming rate is correlated with the temperature of the “cold caps” surrounding the pump nozzle and it is demonstrated that an upper temperature limit exists near 200?°F where such devices cease to function effectively. The effect of “oleophobic” surfaces on cold caps and baffles is discussed. Conditions existing at the inlet of diffusion pumps and in baffles do not warrant attempts to introduce dropwise condensation. The condensation coefficient of pumping vapor at the temperature of the water cooled wall and with the flow rates used at the top nozzle appears to be very close to unity. The usefulness of creep barriers with modern pumping fluids and trap designs is judged to be questionable.

M. H. Hablanian

1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Retail Inventory Management When Records are Inaccurate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Inventory record inaccuracy is a significant problem for retailers using automated inventory management systems. While investments in preventative and corrective measures can be effective remedies, gains can also be achieved through inventory management tools that account for record errors. In this paper, we consider intelligent inventory management tools that account for record errors using a Bayesian inventory record. We assume that excess demands are lost and unobserved, in which case sales data reveal information about physical inventory positions. We show that a probability distribution on inventory levels is a sufficient summary of past sales and replenishment observations, and that this probability distribution can be efficiently updated as observations are accumulated. We also demonstrate the use of this distribution as the basis for practical replenishment and inventory audit policies, and illustrate how the needed parameters can be estimated using data from a large national retailer. Our replenishment policies avoid the problem of “freezing, ” in which a physical inventory position persists at zero while the corresponding record is positive. In addition, simulation studies show that our replenishment policies recoup much of the cost of inventory record inaccuracy, and that our audit policies significantly outperform the popular “zero-balance walk ” audit policy. 1.

Nicole Dehoratius; Adam J. Mersereau; Linus Schrage

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Rotary magnetic heat pump  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A rotary magnetic heat pump constructed without flow seals or segmented rotor accomplishes recuperation and regeneration by using split flow paths. Heat exchange fluid pumped through heat exchangers and returned to the heat pump splits into two flow components: one flowing counter to the rotor rotation and one flowing with the rotation.

Kirol, Lance D. (Shelly, ID)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Rotary magnetic heat pump  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A rotary magnetic heat pump constructed without flow seals or segmented rotor accomplishes recuperation and regeneration by using split flow paths. Heat exchange fluid pumped through heat exchangers and returned to the heat pump splits into two flow components: one flowing counter to the rotor rotation and one flowing with the rotation. 5 figs.

Kirol, L.D.

1987-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

267

Liquid metal electric pump  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electrical pump for pumping liquid metals to high pressures in high temperature environments without the use of magnets or moving mechanical parts. The pump employs a non-porous solid electrolyte membrane, typically ceramic, specific to the liquid metal to be pumped. A DC voltage is applied across the thickness of the membrane causing ions to form and enter the membrane on the electrically positive surface, with the ions being neutralized on the opposite surface. This action provides pumping of the liquid metal from one side of the non-porous solid electrolyte membrane to the other. 3 figs.

Abbin, J.P.; Andraka, C.E.; Lukens, L.L.; Moreno, J.B.

1992-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

268

Retail Heating Oil and Diesel Fuel Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 6 Notes: With the worst of the heating season (October-March) now behind us, we can be fairly confident that retail heating oil prices have seen their seasonal peak. Relatively mild weather and a softening of crude oil prices have helped ease heating oil prices. Spot heating oil prices recently reached their lowest levels in over six months. Because of relatively balmy weather in the Northeast in January and February, heating oil stock levels have stabilized. Furthermore, heating oil production has been unusually robust, running several hundred thousand barrels per day over last year's pace. Currently, EIA expects winter prices to average around $1.41, which is quite high in historical terms. The national average price in December 2000 was 44 cents per gallon above the December 1999 price. For February

269

Retail Demand Response in Southwest Power Pool  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

LBNL-1470E LBNL-1470E Retail Demand Response in Southwest Power Pool Ranjit Bharvirkar, Grayson Heffner and Charles Goldman Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Environmental Energy Technologies Division January 2009 The work described in this report was funded by the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability, Permitting, Siting and Analysis of the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231. ERNEST ORLANDO LAWRENCE BERKELEY NATIONAL LABORATORY Disclaimer This document was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the United States Government. While this document is believed to contain correct information, neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor The Regents of the University of California, nor any of

270

Retail Choice Experiments: Comparing Early-AdopterExperience  

SciTech Connect

This paper reviews the experience with retail choice of non-residential electricity customers during the period from early 1998 through the first few months of 2000. Key findings include: (1) customers in California received a significantly smaller discount from utility tariffs than customers in other competitive markets; (2) this sample of large commercial/industrial customers believed they were benefiting significantly more from commodity savings from contracts with retail electricity service providers (RESP) than from value-added services; and,(3) market rules appear to be critical to customer experiences with retail competition, yet the relationship between market rules and market development is inadequately understood.

Golove, William

2003-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

From Beijing to Bentonville: Do Multinational Retailers Link Markets? ?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The world’s largest retailers—Walmart, Carrefour, Tesco, and Metro—all entered China after 1995. They established hundreds of stores as well as centers for procuring goods to be sold worldwide. Multinational retailers may affect Chinese exports through two channels. First, they could inform outlets in other countries where they operate about the products offered by local Chinese suppliers, thereby enhancing bilateral exports. Second, they can augment the general capabilities of local suppliers. Chinese city-level exports to all destinations grow following the increase of multinational retailers ’ activities in and near the city, as predicted by the capability hypothesis. JEL classification: F13

Keith Head; Ran Jing; Deborah Swenson

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Design, construction and testing of an ocean renewable energy storage scaled prototype  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The concept for a new form of pumped storage hydro is being developed within the Precision Engineering Research Group at MIT: the Ocean Renewable Energy Storage (ORES) project. Large, hollow concrete spheres are created, ...

Meredith, James D. C. (James Douglas Charles)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

A franchising of retail operations : the case of the United States Postal Service building a retail network for the 21st century  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis is about the effects of changing customer preferences on the United States Postal Service's retail network and offers a process for wider adoption of its current retail partnership program. The Contract Postal ...

Sigmon, Kelly M. (Kelly Marie Berg)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

TXU Energy Retail Co LP | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

TXU Energy Retail Co LP TXU Energy Retail Co LP Jump to: navigation, search Name TXU Energy Retail Co LP Place Texas Service Territory Texas Website www.txu.com Green Button Landing Page www.txu.com/en/residentia Green Button Reference Page www.txu.com/en/residentia Green Button Implemented Yes Utility Id 19327 Utility Location Yes Ownership R NERC ERCOT Yes Activity Retail Marketing Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png 12 (e-Saver Residential Service) Residential 18 (Free Nights Time-of-Use Residential Service) Residential Residential Residential Small Non-Residential Commercial

275

Improving promotional effectiveness through supplier-retailer collaboration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the consumer products industry, retail chains and manufacturers run promotions to maintain consumer and brand loyalty. The two major issues in planning and executing promotions are to accurately forecast demand and to ...

Kapur, Gautam, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

California Total Gasoline Retail Sales by Refiners (Thousand ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

California Total Gasoline Retail Sales by Refiners (Thousand Gallons per Day) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9; 1990's ...

277

Refiner Retail Price of Kerosene - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

History; U.S. 3.836: 3.786: 3.634: 3.840: 3.707: ... Alabama-----1984-2013: Arkansas----- ... Retail prices and Prime Supplier sales values shown for ...

278

Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. (Rhode Island) | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rhode Island) Jump to: navigation, search Name Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. Place Rhode Island Utility Id 22509 References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 -...

279

Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. (District of Columbia...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

District of Columbia) Jump to: navigation, search Name Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. Place District of Columbia Utility Id 22509 References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data...

280

Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. (New Hampshire) | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hampshire) Jump to: navigation, search Name Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. Place New Hampshire Utility Id 22509 References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 -...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retail pump storage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. (Maine) | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Maine) Jump to: navigation, search Name Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. Place Maine Utility Id 22509 References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File220101...

282

Midwest (PADD 2) Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

EIA continued to collect LSD prices from retail outlets and included them in the Diesel Average All Types price until July 26, 2010, when no more outlets reported LSD ...

283

Michigan Total Gasoline Retail Sales by Refiners (Thousand Gallons ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Michigan Total Gasoline Retail Sales by Refiners (Thousand Gallons per Day) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9; 1990's: 3,004.6:

284

Retail Prices for Diesel (On-Highway) - All Types  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Midwest (PADD 2) 3.911: 3.907: 3.871: 3.850: 3.873: 3 ... EIA continued to collect LSD prices from retail outlets and included them in the Diesel Average All Types ...

285

New England (PADD 1A) Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

EIA continued to collect LSD prices from retail outlets and included them in the Diesel Average All Types price until July 26, 2010, when no more outlets reported LSD ...

286

Lower Atlantic (PADD 1C) Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

EIA continued to collect LSD prices from retail outlets and included them in the Diesel Average All Types price until July 26, 2010, when no more outlets reported LSD ...

287

Central Atlantic (PADD 1B) Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

EIA continued to collect LSD prices from retail outlets and included them in the Diesel Average All Types price until July 26, 2010, when no more outlets reported LSD ...

288

Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

EIA continued to collect LSD prices from retail outlets and included them in the Diesel Average All Types price until July 26, 2010, when no more outlets reported LSD ...

289

U.S. Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

EIA continued to collect LSD prices from retail outlets and included them in the Diesel Average All Types price until July 26, 2010, when no more outlets reported LSD ...

290

Energy Star Building Upgrade Manual Facility Type: Retail Chapter...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Facility Type: Retail Revised January 2008 13.1 Challenges and Opportunities 2 13.2 Energy Use Profile 2 13.3 Technical Recommendations 4 Retrocommissioning 5 Lighting 6 Load...

291

Inventory optimization in a retail multi-echelon environment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The objective of the study is to find an optimal inventory distribution in a retail three-echelon environment, consisting of a supplier, a DC, and stores. An inventory model is built by replicating the echelons' periodic, ...

Arkaresvimun, Rintiya

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Census Division Number of Average Monthly Average Retail Price...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Average Monthly Average Retail Price Average Monthly Bill State Consumers Consumption (kWh) (Cents per Kilowatthour) (Dollar and cents) New England 34,271 67,907 12.55 8,520.25...

293

Texas Retail Energy, LLC (Texas) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Texas) Jump to: navigation, search Name Texas Retail Energy, LLC Place Texas Utility Id 50046 References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File220101 LinkedIn...

294

Electrokinetic pumps and actuators  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Flow and ionic transport in porous media are central to electrokinetic pumping as well as to a host of other microfluidic devices. Electrokinetic pumping provides the ability to create high pressures (to over 10,000 psi) and high flow rates (over 1 mL/min) with a device having no moving parts and all liquid seals. The electrokinetic pump (EKP) is ideally suited for applications ranging from a high pressure integrated pump for chip-scale HPLC to a high flow rate integrated pump for forced liquid convection cooling of high-power electronics. Relations for flow rate and current fluxes in porous media are derived that provide a basis for analysis of complex microfluidic systems as well as for optimization of electrokinetic pumps.

Phillip M. Paul

2000-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Green Power Marketing in Retail Competition: An Early Assessment  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5939 5939 LBNL-42286 February 1999 Green Power Marketing in Retail Competition: An Early Assessment Ryan Wiser, Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Jeff Fang, Kevin Porter, and Ashley Houston, National Renewable Energy Laboratory National Renewable Energy Laboratory A national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy The Topical Issues Brief series is sponsored by DOE's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office of Power Technologies Green Power Marketing in Retail Competition i Contents Abstract ........................................................................................................................................ ii Acknowledgments ..........................................................................................................................

296

Solar power and retail electric competition in Arizona  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Arizona`s solar portfolio standard serves a model for utilities and regulators by linking solar power and retail electric competition. Like many states, Arizona is pursuing retail electric competition as a substitute for traditional regulated monopolies. In addition the development of the competitive market is being linked with the development of solar power. Topics covered include the following: a simple solar portfolio standard; cost of the solar portfolio; feasibility of the solar portfolio standard. 4 figs., 1 tab.

Berry, D.; Williamson, R. [Arizona Corp. Commission, Phoenix, AZ (United States)

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Detection of pump degradation  

SciTech Connect

This Phase II Nuclear Plant Aging Research study examines the methods of detecting pump degradation that are currently employed in domestic and overseas nuclear facilities. This report evaluates the criteria mandated by required pump testing at U.S. nuclear power plants and compares them to those features characteristic of state-of-the-art diagnostic programs and practices currently implemented by other major industries. Since the working condition of the pump driver is crucial to pump operability, a brief review of new applications of motor diagnostics is provided that highlights recent developments in this technology. The routine collection and analysis of spectral data is superior to all other technologies in its ability to accurately detect numerous types and causes of pump degradation. Existing ASME Code testing criteria do not require the evaluation of pump vibration spectra but instead overall vibration amplitude. The mechanical information discernible from vibration amplitude analysis is limited, and several cases of pump failure were not detected in their early stages by vibration monitoring. Since spectral analysis can provide a wealth of pertinent information concerning the mechanical condition of rotating machinery, its incorporation into ASME testing criteria could merit a relaxation in the monthly-to-quarterly testing schedules that seek to verify and assure pump operability. Pump drivers are not included in the current battery of testing. Operational problems thought to be caused by pump degradation were found to be the result of motor degradation. Recent advances in nonintrusive monitoring techniques have made motor diagnostics a viable technology for assessing motor operability. Motor current/power analysis can detect rotor bar degradation and ascertain ranges of hydraulically unstable operation for a particular pump and motor set. The concept of using motor current or power fluctuations as an indicator of pump hydraulic load stability is presented.

Greene, R.H.; Casada, D.A.; Ayers, C.W. [and others

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Underground Storage Tank Act (West Virginia) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Act (West Virginia) Act (West Virginia) Underground Storage Tank Act (West Virginia) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Low-Income Residential Schools Retail Supplier Institutional Multi-Family Residential Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Transportation Program Info State West Virginia Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider Department of Environmental Protection New underground storage tank construction standards must include at least the following requirements: (1) That an underground storage tank will prevent releases of regulated substances stored therein, which may occur as

299

Underground Gas Storage Reservoirs (West Virginia) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Gas Storage Reservoirs (West Virginia) Gas Storage Reservoirs (West Virginia) Underground Gas Storage Reservoirs (West Virginia) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Low-Income Residential Schools Retail Supplier Institutional Multi-Family Residential Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Transportation Program Info State West Virginia Program Type Safety and Operational Guidelines Provider West Virginia Department of Commerce Lays out guidelines for the conditions under which coal mining operations must notify state authorities of intentions to mine where underground gas

300

Minimize pump downtime  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In refineries and petrochemical plants, centrifugal pumps usually lead the list of equipment that is most susceptible to failure. Using guidelines, maintenance mechanics can improve troubleshooting methods when investigating pump bedplates, underlying concrete foundations and grouting problems. Too often, mechanics may improperly diagnose a misalignment--caused by grouting problems--as an unbalance or a bearing-wearing problem when troubleshooting pump failure. Result: bearing, shaft and seal failures occur from a flawed maintenance procedure. Identifying mounting-surface problems can improve pump performance and decrease unit downtime.

Myers, R.D. [ITW Escoweld Systems, Kingwood, TX (United States)

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retail pump storage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Hydrogen Storage  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Applied Neutron Scattering in Engineering and Materials Science Research: Hydrogen Storage Sponsored by: Metallurgical Society of the Canadian Institute of ...

302

Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.7 Retail Markets and Companies  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

4 4 Advanced Energy Design Guide for Small Retail Buildings (1) Shell Percent Glass 0.4 Window (U-Factor 0.38-0.69 SHGC 0.40-0.44 Wall R-Value (2) 7.6-15.2 c.i. Roof R-Value Attic 30-60 Insulation Above Deck 15-25 c.i. Lighting Average Power Density (W/ft.^2) 1.3 System and Plant Heating Plant Gas Furnace(>225 kBtuh) 80% Combustion Efficiency Cooling Plant Air conditioner (>135-240 kBtuh) 10.8 EER/11.2 IPLV - 11.0 EER/11.5 IPLV Service Hot Water Gas Storage Water Heater (>75kBtuh) 90% Thermal Efficiency Note(s): Source(s): 1) Guide provides approximate parameters for constructing a building which is 30% more efficient than ASHRAE 90.1-1999. Ranges are due to climate zone dependencies. 2) Assumes a wall with heat content greaater than 7 Btu/ft^2. ASHRAE, Advanced Energy Design Guide for Small Retail Buildings, 2008

303

NETL: Carbon Storage - Geologic Storage  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Geologic Storage Geologic Storage Carbon Storage Geologic Storage Focus Area Geologiccarbon dioxide (CO2) storage involves the injection of supercritical CO2 into deep geologic formations (injection zones) overlain by competent sealing formations and geologic traps that will prevent the CO2 from escaping. Current research and field studies are focused on developing better understanding 11 major types of geologic storage reservoir classes, each having their own unique opportunities and challenges. Understanding these different storage classes provides insight into how the systems influence fluids flow within these systems today, and how CO2 in geologic storage would be anticipated to flow in the future. The different storage formation classes include: deltaic, coal/shale, fluvial, alluvial, strandplain, turbidite, eolian, lacustrine, clastic shelf, carbonate shallow shelf, and reef. Basaltic interflow zones are also being considered as potential reservoirs. These storage reservoirs contain fluids that may include natural gas, oil, or saline water; any of which may impact CO2 storage differently. The following summarizes the potential for storage and the challenges related to CO2 storage capability for fluids that may be present in more conventional clastic and carbonate reservoirs (saline water, and oil and gas), as well as unconventional reservoirs (unmineable coal seams, organic-rich shales, and basalts):

304

Well-pump alignment system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved well-pump for geothermal wells, an alignment system for a well-pump, and to a method for aligning a rotor and stator within a well-pump, wherein the well-pump has a whistle assembly formed at a bottom portion thereof, such that variations in the frequency of the whistle, indicating misalignment, may be monitored during pumping.

Drumheller, Douglas S. (Cedar Crest, NM)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Reference Designs of 50 MW / 250 MWh Energy Storage Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electric utilities are interested energy storage solutions for renewable integration and transmission and distribution (TD) grid support that require systems of 10's of MWs in scale and energy durations of longer than 4 hours. Compressed air energy storage and pumped hydro systems are currently the lowest capital cost (/ kW-h) bulk storage options for energy durations longer than 10 hour; however, these storage facilities have geological and siting restrictions and require long permitting and deployment ...

2010-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

306

Retail Buildings: Assessing and Reducing Plug and Process Loads in Retail Buildings (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

Plug and process loads (PPLs) in commercial buildings account for almost 5% of U.S. primary energy consumption. Minimizing these loads is a primary challenge in the design and operation of an energy-efficient building. PPLs are not related to general lighting, heating, ventilation, cooling, and water heating, and typically do not provide comfort to the occupants. They use an increasingly large fraction of the building energy use pie because the number and variety of electrical devices have increased along with building system efficiency. Reducing PPLs is difficult because energy efficiency opportunities and the equipment needed to address PPL energy use in retail spaces are poorly understood.

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Self-sustaining nuclear pumped laser-fusion reactor experiment  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The features of a neutron feedback nuclear pumped (NFNP) laser-fusion reactor equipment were studied with the intention of establishing the feasibility of the concept. The NFNP laser-fusion concept is compared schematically to electrically pumped laser fusion. The study showed that, once a method of energy storage has been demonstrated, a self-sustaining fusion-fission hybrid reactor with a ''blanket multiplication'' of two would be feasible using nuclear pumped Xe F* excimer lasers having efficiencies of 1 to 2 percent and D-D-T pellets with gains of 50 to 100. (MHR)

Boody, F.P.; Choi, C.K.; Miley, G.H.

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Energy Basics: Air-Source Heat Pumps  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Systems Air-Source Heat Pumps Ductless Mini-Split Heat Pumps Absorption Heat Pumps Geothermal Heat Pumps Supporting Equipment for Heating & Cooling Systems Water Heating...

309

Grid Strategy 2011: Energy Storage Monetization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy storage is the only grid asset with the ability to act both as a load and a generation source by first storing energy for a limited duration and then releasing it. It is a flexible grid asset capable of providing multiple grid benefits. However, aside from large pumped hydro storage plants, very little energy storage has been deployed on the grid. Due to the high cost of energy storage, aggregation of multiple benefits is generally required to justify the investment. Due to the limited duration of...

2011-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

310

Why are the retail pump prices for gasoline and diesel fuel in ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Does EIA publish electric utility rate, tariff, and demand charge data? ... How much does it cost to generate electricity with different types of power plants?

311

Why are the retail pump prices for gasoline and diesel fuel in ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Does EIA have gasoline prices by city, county, or zip code? Does EIA have projections for energy production, consumption, and prices for individual states?

312

Why are the retail pump prices for gasoline and diesel fuel in ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

How much carbon dioxide is produced by burning gasoline and diesel fuel? When was the last refinery built in the United States?

313

NEUTRONIC REACTOR FUEL PUMP  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A reactor fuel pump is described which offers long life, low susceptibility to radiation damage, and gaseous fission product removal. An inert-gas lubricated bearing supports a journal on one end of the drive shsft. The other end has an impeller and expansion chamber which effect pumping and gas- liquid separation. (T.R.H.)

Cobb, W.G.

1959-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Detection of pump degradation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There are a variety of stressors that can affect the operation of centrifugal pumps. Although these general stressors are active in essentially all centrifugal pumps, the stressor level and the extent of wear and degradation can vary greatly. Parameters that affect the extent of stressor activity are manifold. In order to assure the long-term operational readiness of a pump, it is important to both understand the nature and magnitude of the specific degradation mechanisms and to monitor the performance of the pump. The most commonly applied method of monitoring the condition of not only pumps, but rotating machinery in general, is vibration analysis. Periodic or continuous spectral vibration analysis is a cornerstone of most pump monitoring programs. In the nuclear industry, non-spectral vibration monitoring of safety-related pumps is performed in accordance with the ASME code. Although vibration analysis has dominated the condition monitoring field for many years, there are other measures that have been historically used to help understand pump condition: advances in historically applied technologies and developing technologies offer improved monitoring capabilities. The capabilities of several technologies (including vibration analysis, dynamic pressure analysis, and motor power analysis) to detect the presence and magnitude of both stressors and resultant degradation are discussed.

Casada, D.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

315

NORMETEX PUMP ALTERNATIVES STUDY  

SciTech Connect

A mainstay pump for tritium systems, the Normetex scroll pump, is currently unavailable because the Normetex company went out of business. This pump was an all-metal scroll pump that served tritium processing facilities very well. Current tritium system operators are evaluating replacement pumps for the Normetex pump and for general used in tritium service. An all-metal equivalent alternative to the Normetex pump has not yet been identified. 1. The ideal replacement tritium pump would be hermetically sealed and contain no polymer components or oils. Polymers and oils degrade over time when they contact ionizing radiation. 2. Halogenated polymers (containing fluorine, chlorine, or both) and oils are commonly found in pumps. These materials have many properties that surpass those of hydrocarbon-based polymers and oils, including thermal stability (higher operating temperature) and better chemical resistance. Unfortunately, they are less resistant to degradation from ionizing radiation than hydrocarbon-based materials (in general). 3. Polymers and oils can form gaseous, condensable (HF, TF), liquid, and solid species when exposed to ionizing radiation. For example, halogenated polymers form HF and HCl, which are extremely corrosive upon reaction with water. If a pump containing polymers or oils must be used in a tritium system, the system must be designed to be able to process the unwanted by-products. Design features to mitigate degradation products include filters and chemical or physical traps (eg. cold traps, oil traps). 4. Polymer components can work in tritium systems, but must be replaced regularly. Polymer components performance should be monitored or be regularly tested, and regular replacement of components should be viewed as an expected normal event. A radioactive waste stream must be established to dispose of used polymer components and oil with an approved disposal plan developed based on the facility location and its regulators. Polymers have varying resistances to ionizing radiation - aromatic polymers such as polyimide Vespel (TM) and the elastomer EPDM (ethylene propylene diene monomer) have been found to be more resistant to degradation in tritium than other polymers. This report presents information to help select replacement pumps for Normetex pumps in tritium systems. Several pumps being considered as Normetex replacement pumps are discussed.

Clark, Elliot A.

2013-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

316

Granby Pumping Plant  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Granby Pumping Plant Granby Pumping Plant Skip Navigation Links Transmission Functions Infrastructure projects Interconnection OASIS OATT Granby Pumping Plant-Windy Gap Transmission Line Rebuild Project Western owns and operates a 12-mile, 69-kV electric transmission line in Grand County, Colo., that originates at Windy Gap Substation and terminates at Granby Pumping Plant Switchyard. The proposed project would rebuild the single circuit line as a double circuit transmission line and add a second power transformer. One circuit would replace the existing 69-kV line; the other circuit would be a new 138-kV line. Granby Pumping Plant Switchyard would be expanded to accommodate the second line and power transformer. Windy Gap Substation would be modified to accommodate the second line.

317

Energy Basics: Heat Pump Systems  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

of air-source heat pumps. Absorption Heat Pump Uses heat as its energy source. Geothermal Heat Pumps Use the constant temperature of the earth as the exchange medium instead...

318

Off peak ice storage generation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Due to the high costs associated with peak demand charges imposed by most electrical companies today, various means of shifting the peak HVAC load have been identified by the industry. This paper discusses the results of a study based upon a building site located in the high desert of the southwestern United States that evaluated ice storage as a mechanism of operating cost reductions. The discussion addresses both the seasonal and the annual cost and energy impacts of an ice storage system when used in place of an air-to-air heat pump system.

Davis, R.E.; Cerbo, F.J.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

APS storage ring vacuum system  

SciTech Connect

The Advanced Photon Source synchrotron radiation facility, under construction at the Argonne National Laboratory, incorporates a large ring for the storage of 7 GeV positrons for the generation of photon beams for the facility's experimental program. The Storage Ring's 1104 m circumference is divided into 40 functional sectors. The sectors include vacuum, beam transport, control, acceleration and insertion device components. The vacuum system, which is designed to operate at a pressure of 1 n Torr, consists of 240 connected sections, the majority of which are fabricated from an aluminum alloy extrusion. The sections are equipped with distributed NeG pumping, photon absorbers with lumped pumping, beam position monitors, vacuum diagnostics and valving. The details of the vacuum system design, selected results of the development program and general construction plans are presented. 11 refs., 6 figs., 3 tabs.

Niemann, R.C.; Benaroya, R.; Choi, M.; Dortwegt, R.J.; Goeppner, G.A.; Gonczy, J.; Krieger, C.; Howell, J.; Nielsen, R.W.; Roop, B.; Wehrle, R.B.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Pumped Hydroelectricity and Utility-Scale Batteries for Reserve Electricity Generation in New Zealand.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Non-pumped hydroelectricity-based energy storage in New Zealand has only limited potential to expand to meet projected growth in electricity demand. Seasonal variations of hydro inflows… (more)

Kear, Gareth

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retail pump storage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Energy Basics: Geothermal Heat Pumps  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

EERE: Energy Basics Geothermal Heat Pumps Geothermal heat pumps use the constant temperature of the earth as an exchange medium for heat. Although many parts of the country...

322

Heat pumps | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon Heat pumps Jump to: navigation, search TODO: Add description List of Heat pumps Incentives Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgw...

323

Pressure charged airlift pump  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A pumping system is described for pumping fluids, such as water with entrained mud and small rocks, out of underground cavities such as drilled wells, which can effectively remove fluids down to a level very close to the bottom of the cavity and which can operate solely by compressed air pumped down through the cavity. The system utilizes a subassembly having a pair of parallel conduit sections (44, 46) adapted to be connected onto the bottom of a drill string utilized for drilling the cavity, the drill string also having a pair of coaxially extending conduits. The subassembly includes an upper portion which has means for connection onto the drill string and terminates the first conduit of the drill string in a plenum (55). A compressed air-driven pump (62) is suspended from the upper portion. The pump sucks fluids from the bottom of the cavity and discharges them into the second conduit. Compressed air pumped down through the first conduit (46) to the plenum powers the compressed air-driven pump and aerates the fluid in the second conduit to lift it to the earth's surface.

Campbell, Gene K. (Las Vegas, NV)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Retail Demand Response in Southwest Power Pool  

SciTech Connect

In 2007, the Southwest Power Pool (SPP) formed the Customer Response Task Force (CRTF) to identify barriers to deploying demand response (DR) resources in wholesale markets and develop policies to overcome these barriers. One of the initiatives of this Task Force was to develop more detailed information on existing retail DR programs and dynamic pricing tariffs, program rules, and utility operating practices. This report describes the results of a comprehensive survey conducted by LBNL in support of the Customer Response Task Force and discusses policy implications for integrating legacy retail DR programs and dynamic pricing tariffs into wholesale markets in the SPP region. LBNL conducted a detailed survey of existing DR programs and dynamic pricing tariffs administered by SPP's member utilities. Survey respondents were asked to provide information on advance notice requirements to customers, operational triggers used to call events (e.g. system emergencies, market conditions, local emergencies), use of these DR resources to meet planning reserves requirements, DR resource availability (e.g. seasonal, annual), participant incentive structures, and monitoring and verification (M&V) protocols. Nearly all of the 30 load-serving entities in SPP responded to the survey. Of this group, fourteen SPP member utilities administer 36 DR programs, five dynamic pricing tariffs, and six voluntary customer response initiatives. These existing DR programs and dynamic pricing tariffs have a peak demand reduction potential of 1,552 MW. Other major findings of this study are: o About 81percent of available DR is from interruptible rate tariffs offered to large commercial and industrial customers, while direct load control (DLC) programs account for ~;;14percent. o Arkansas accounts for ~;;50percent of the DR resources in the SPP footprint; these DR resources are primarily managed by cooperatives. o Publicly-owned cooperatives accounted for 54percent of the existing DR resources among SPP members. For these entities, investment in DR is often driven by the need to reduce summer peak demand that is used to set demand charges for each distribution cooperative. o About 65-70percent of the interruptible/curtailable tariffs and DLC programs are routinely triggered based on market conditions, not just for system emergencies. Approximately, 53percent of the DR resources are available with less than two hours advance notice and 447 MW can be dispatched with less than thirty minutes notice. o Most legacy DR programs offered a reservation payment ($/kW) for participation; incentive payment levels ranged from $0.40 to $8.30/kW-month for interruptible rate tariffs and $0.30 to $4.60/kW-month for DLC programs. A few interruptible programs offered incentive payments which were explicitly linkedto actual load reductions during events; payments ranged from 2 to 40 cents/kWh for load curtailed.

Bharvirkar, Ranjit; Heffner, Grayson; Goldman, Charles

2009-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

325

RENEWABLE LIQUID GETTERING PUMP  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method and structure were developed for pumping gases by simple absorption into a liquid gettering material. The invention comprises means ror continuously pumping a liquid getterrng material from a reservoir to the top of a generally vertical surface disposed in a vacuum pumping chamber to receive gaseous and other particles in the liquid gettering material which continuously flows downward over the vertical suiface. Means are provided for continuous removal, degassing, and return of a portion of the liquid gettering material from the reservoir connected with collectrng means at the base of the generally vertical plate. (AEC)

Batzer, T.H.

1962-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

326

Heat Pumps | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Heat Pumps Heat Pumps Heat Pumps Geothermal heat pumps are expensive to install but pay for themselves over time in reduced heating and cooling costs. Learn more about how geothermal heat pumps heat and cool buildings by concentrating the naturally existing heat contained within the earth -- a clean, reliable, and renewable source of energy. In moderate climates, heat pumps can be an energy-efficient alternative to furnaces and air conditioners. Several types of heat pumps are available, including air-source; geothermal; ductless, mini-split; and absorption heat pumps. Learn more about the different options and how to use your heat pump efficiently to save money and energy at home. Featured Heat Pump Systems A heat pump can provide an alternative to using your air conditioner. | Photo courtesy of iStockPhoto/LordRunar.

327

Development of distributed ion pumps for g-2 beam vacuum system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Distributed ion pumps (DIPs) will be used for the beam vacuum system of the g-2 muon storage ring. The magnetic field intensity and alignment angle at the DIP locations are not uniform. The pumping behavior of several different ion pump elements under this non-uniform magnetic field has been studied. The results are compared with the theoretical predictions. Based on these results, the optimum design of the g-2 DIPs has been developed.

Hseuh, H.C.; Mapes, M.; Snydstrup, L.

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Development of distributed ion pumps for g-2 beam vacuum system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Distributed ion pumps (DIPs) will be used for the beam vacuum system of the g-2 muon storage ring. The magnetic field intensity and alignment angle at the DIP locations are not uniform. The pumping behavior of several different ion pump elements under this non-uniform magnetic field has been studied. The results are compared with the theoretical predictions. Based on these results, the optimum design of the g-2 DIPs has been developed.

Hseuh, H.C.; Mapes, M.; Snydstrup, L.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Energy Storage  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

National Laboratories September 27, 2007 San Francisco, CA PEER REVIEW 2007 DOE(SNL)CEC Energy Storage Program FYO7 Projects Sandia is a multiprogram laboratory operated by...

330

The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose this week The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose slightly to 3.90 a gallon on Monday. That's...

331

E85 Retail Business Case: When and Why to Sell E85  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NREL developed a model to test the investment profitability of adding E85 to retail stations. This report discusses this model and how retailers can make E85 a profitable business venture.

Johnson, C.; Melendez, M.

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Place making in new retail developments : the role of local, independently owned businesses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis sets out to examine whether incorporating local independent or small regional chain retailers and restaurants along with national chain stores in new large scale open-air retail developments can help add to a ...

Laniado, Linda (Linda Caroline)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

Why do we need electricity retailers?; or, can you get it cheaper wholesale?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The opportunities for retail electricity competition to provide new value-added services to retail electricity consumers are discussed. The physical attributes of electricity supply make many of the traditional "convenience ...

Joskow, Paul L.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

What was the highest U.S. average retail price of regular ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

What was the highest U.S. average retail price of regular gasoline? According to EIA’s weekly survey, the U.S. average retail price of regular ...

335

Retail Heating Oil and Diesel Fuel Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7 7 Notes: Because of the higher projected crude oil prices and because of increased tightening in the Northeast heating oil market since the last Outlook, we have raised expected peak prices this winter for residential heating oil deliveries to $1.55 per gallon (January) compared to $1.43 per gallon in last month's projections. This is significantly above the monthly peak reached last winter. Because these figures are monthly averages, we expect some price movements for a few days to be above the values shown on the graph. Primary distillate inventories in the United States failed to rise significantly in November despite some speculation that previous distributions into secondary and tertiary storage would back up burgeoning production and import volumes into primary storage that month. Average

336

Reliant Energy Retail Services, LLC Smart Grid Project | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Reliant Energy Retail Services, LLC Reliant Energy Retail Services, LLC Country United States Headquarters Location Houston, Texas Recovery Act Funding $19839689 Total Project Value $63696548 Coverage Area Coverage Map: Reliant Energy Retail Services, LLC Smart Grid Project Coordinates 29.7632836°, -95.3632715° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

337

Retail Demand Response in Southwest Power Pool | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Demand Response in Southwest Power Pool Demand Response in Southwest Power Pool Retail Demand Response in Southwest Power Pool In 2007, the Southwest Power Pool (SPP) formed the Customer Response Task Force (CRTF) to identify barriers to deploying demand response (DR) resources in wholesale markets and develop policies to overcome these barriers. One of the initiatives of this Task Force was to develop more detailed information on existing retail DR programs and dynamic pricing tariffs, program rules, and utility operating practices. This report describes the results of a comprehensive survey conducted by LBNL in support of the Customer Response Task Force and discusses policy implications for integrating legacy retail DR programs and dynamic pricing tariffs into wholesale markets in the SPP region.

338

DataTrends Energy Use in Retail Stores  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Retail Stores Retail Stores The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager is changing the way organizations track and manage energy. Because of this widespread market adoption, EPA has prepared the DataTrends series to examine benchmarking and trends in energy and water consumption in Portfolio Manager. To learn more, visit www.energystar.gov/DataTrends. Energy use intensity (EUI) ranges from less than 100 to more than 800 kBtu/ft 2 across all retail buildings, with those at the 95th percentile using more than 3 times the energy of those at the 5th percentile. The distribution has a negative skew, which means the most energy intensive buildings are much further away from

339

Retail Product Prices Are Driven By Crude Oil  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 6 Notes: Retail prices for both gasoline and diesel fuel have risen strongly over the past two years, driven mostly by the rise in world crude oil prices to their highest levels since the Persian Gulf War. Of course, there are a number of other significant factors that impact retail product prices, the most important of which is the supply/demand balance for each product. But the point of this slide is to show that generally speaking, as world crude oil prices rise and fall, so do retail product prices. Because of the critical importance of crude oil price levels, my presentation today will look first at global oil supply and demand, and then at the factors that differentiate the markets for each product. I'll also talk briefly about natural gas, and the impact that gas

340

Recent Weekly Retail Price Changes Have Been as Expected  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1 1 Notes: Using the results of this research, EIA has been able to create a model that takes observed changes in spot prices over the previous weeks, and forecasts what this week's retail price change will be. As you can see from this chart, we've been fairly successful. This chart shows that the model is quite accurate at forecasting one week ahead. In fact, in the first 28 weeks of this year, our model correctly forecasted the direction of the retail price change 26 times, for an accuracy rate of 93 percent . Additionally, as you can see, most weeks it did a very good job of forecasting the relative magnitude of the increase or decrease in retail prices. We're still refining this model, and customizing it for each region, so we've got quite a bit of work left

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retail pump storage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

GAS METERING PUMP  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A liquid piston gas pump is described, capable of pumping minute amounts of gas in accurately measurable quantities. The pump consists of a flanged cylindrical regulating chamber and a mercury filled bellows. Sealed to the ABSTRACTS regulating chamber is a value and having a gas inlet and outlet, the inlet being connected by a helical channel to the bellows. A gravity check valve is in the gas outlet, so the gas passes through the inlet and the helical channel to the bellows where the pumping action as well as the metering is accomplished by the actuation of the mercury filled bellows. The gas then flows through the check valve and outlet to any associated apparatus.

George, C.M.

1957-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

342

Geothermal Heat Pumps  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Geothermal heat pumps use the constant temperature of the earth as an exchange medium for heat. Although many parts of the country experience seasonal temperature extremes—from scorching heat in...

343

Absorption heat pump system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The efficiency of an absorption heat pump system is improved by conducting liquid from a second stage evaporator thereof to an auxiliary heat exchanger positioned downstream of a primary heat exchanger in the desorber of the system.

Grossman, Gershon (Oak Ridge, TN)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

Absorption heat pump system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The efficiency of an absorption heat pump system is improved by conducting liquid from a second stage evaporator thereof to an auxiliary heat exchanger positioned downstream of a primary heat exchanger in the desorber of the system.

Grossman, G.

1982-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

345

Direct nuclear pumped laser  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

There is provided a direct nuclear pumped gas laser in which the lasing mechanism is collisional radiated recombination of ions. The gas laser active medium is a mixture of the gases, with one example being neon and nitrogen.

Miley, George H. (Champagne, IL); Wells, William E. (Urbana, IL); DeYoung, Russell J. (Hampton, VA)

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Heat Pump Systems  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Like a refrigerator, heat pumps use electricity to move heat from a cool space into a warm space, making the cool space cooler and the warm space warmer. Because they move heat rather than generate...

347

South Dakota No 2 Diesel Ultra Low Sulfur Less than 15 ppm Retail ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

South Dakota No 2 Diesel Ultra Low Sulfur Less than 15 ppm Retail Sales by Refiners (Thousand Gallons per Day)

348

Prince George's County Underground Storage Act (Maryland) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Prince George's County Underground Storage Act (Maryland) Prince George&#039;s County Underground Storage Act (Maryland) Prince George's County Underground Storage Act (Maryland) < Back Eligibility Commercial Retail Supplier Tribal Government Program Info State Maryland Program Type Environmental Regulations Provider Maryland Department of the Environment A gas storage company may invoke eminent domain to acquire property in Prince George's County for underground gas storage purposes. The area acquired must lie not less than 800 feet below the surface of a maximum of 12,000 acres of land, and may be owned by a public body. A permit from the Department of the Environment, along with an order from the Public Service Commission, is required prior to the use of eminent domain. The Act contains further information on eminent domain, landowner, and property

349

Energy Efficiency Supporting Policy and Heat Pumping Technology in Japan  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(U.S. dollars) is calculated with Japan = 1. #12;2-1. Eco Cute : example of countermeasure for energy feature Counter flow Heat exchanger Heat pump unit Storage tank Ref: TEPCO Website Ref: HPTCJ HP Space in Residential sector (FY2009) e.g. Gas stove e.g. Air- conditioner e.g. Domestic water heater e.g. lighting PC

Oak Ridge National Laboratory

350

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Hampshire" Hampshire" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",3444,3357,3428,3420,3431,3364,3429,3389,3401,3640,3656,3789,4003,4252,4282,4495,4401,4493,4394,4422,4485,36,41.2 " Commercial",2010,2029,2077,2123,3221,3226,3246,3280,3351,3604,3774,3911,4024,4318,4363,4576,4563,4570,4518,4441,4462,37.2,41 " Industrial",3418,3265,3333,3100,2182,2286,2344,2372,2425,2516,2597,2483,2222,2403,2328,2174,2131,2173,2065,1836,1942,25.6,17.8 " Other",107,111,116,118,122,131,127,127,127,128,131,133,134,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",1.3,"-"

351

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Illinois" Illinois" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",32871,35964,32367,35226,35706,38386,37554,37264,39707,39631,40146,41820,45030,43161,43443,48593,46381,48036,46780,44324,48583,29.8,33.6 " Commercial",31734,33119,31457,34355,35663,37217,37441,38161,39792,41968,43855,43135,44244,49561,47358,49977,50631,52043,51770,50329,51437,32.6,35.5 " Industrial",39299,39712,40898,40249,41765,42251,42423,42837,43377,41972,40939,40780,39288,43042,48008,45888,44916,45430,45503,41507,44180,30.4,30.5 " Other",7672,8074,7798,7956,8356,8377,8572,8692,8820,9111,9756,10298,9886,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",7.2,"-"

352

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Idaho" Idaho" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",5626,5971,5739,6245,6222,6193,6508,6628,6610,6806,7006,6906,7056,7090,7314,7601,8057,8339,8540,8554,8137,30.7,35.7 " Commercial",4894,4865,5340,4969,5638,5291,5883,5969,6005,6450,7068,6543,6963,5466,5484,5615,5813,6015,6049,6005,5865,31,25.7 " Industrial",7165,6909,7551,7222,7647,7843,9042,9481,9193,9171,8408,7305,6352,8663,9011,8636,8891,9401,9313,8195,8796,36.8,38.6 " Other",318,301,379,284,373,293,348,316,268,296,352,342,329,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",1.5,"-"

353

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Ohio" Ohio" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",37889,40942,39141,41950,41791,44010,44573,43635,44516,46629,46488,47346,50864,49621,50300,53904,51375,54376,53411,51405,54474,28.1,35.3 " Commercial",30541,32325,31818,33299,34053,35549,36034,36373,38472,39461,40757,39372,39924,44737,45313,46870,46141,48129,47310,45370,46526,24.7,30.2 " Industrial",69682,67856,69674,68831,74010,74473,73394,73888,72998,74293,74019,65099,58472,57828,58558,59354,55869,59219,58621,49486,53109,44.8,34.5 " Other",4354,4534,4383,4491,4522,4592,4585,4612,3807,3888,3930,3981,4148,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",2.4,"-"

354

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Delaware" Delaware" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",2651,2824,2786,3044,3107,3168,3271,3257,3339,3532,3575,3734,4020,4190,4305,4594,4259,4470,4428,4335,4760,31.7,41 " Commercial",2311,2420,2445,2605,2685,2842,2911,3068,3227,3353,4050,3605,3787,3886,4033,4238,4196,4321,4339,4185,4320,35.9,37.2 " Industrial",3272,3241,3248,3417,3447,3511,3399,3741,3779,3613,3601,3978,4151,4523,3423,3305,3100,3078,2982,2738,2526,31.9,21.8 " Other",50,51,53,56,60,58,59,56,53,54,49,62,60,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",0.4,"-"

355

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Virginia" Virginia" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",28130,29607,29780,32472,32343,33472,34651,33923,34703,35779,37541,37325,40358,40877,42503,44662,42906,45481,44597,44763,48439,38.8,42.6 " Commercial",20213,21230,21610,22727,22948,24028,24565,24905,26176,26968,28299,29066,29999,41179,43025,44670,44654,46971,46878,46828,48037,29.3,42.2 " Industrial",16399,16029,16714,17390,18154,18554,19021,19249,20024,20269,20619,19702,19521,19282,19734,19354,18998,18925,18438,16678,17141,21.3,15.1 " Other",7955,8245,8345,8783,8766,9109,9359,9342,9705,10017,10256,10360,10740,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",10.6,"-"

356

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Washington" Washington" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",28809,29889,28436,30932,29673,30147,32012,31749,31362,32817,33036,31608,32066,31872,32455,33212,34439,35389,36336,36753,34907,34.2,38.6 " Commercial",17683,18143,18727,19531,19752,20401,21451,21600,22248,23009,23991,23841,24310,28039,28226,28100,28580,29599,29878,30055,28833,24.9,31.9 " Industrial",40712,40839,38332,36563,34065,34276,31247,33956,37616,39499,35410,19339,15792,18180,19259,22112,22013,20753,21117,23354,26633,36.7,29.5 " Other",3842,3842,3825,3447,3643,3528,3713,3627,3645,3706,4075,3707,3237,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",4.2,"-"

357

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

West Virginia" West Virginia" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",7578,8106,8138,8682,8663,9166,9277,9027,9053,9452,9738,9828,10444,10473,10756,11384,11014,11749,11763,11588,12443,35.2,38.8 " Commercial",4991,5219,5228,5480,5539,5852,5936,5944,6208,6473,6796,6786,7039,7136,7217,7452,7377,7769,7716,7694,7962,24.5,24.9 " Industrial",10469,10206,10370,10187,10482,10867,10820,11180,11161,11126,11083,10978,10902,10687,10942,11312,13916,14661,14738,10985,11623,40,36.3 " Other",94,94,95,92,92,92,94,96,89,92,76,78,78,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",0.3,"-"

358

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Alabama" Alabama" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",20719,21293,21137,22628,23159,24314,25634,24893,27327,27048,28756,27802,30022,29416,30109,31315,32277,32783,32185,31489,35529,34.4,39.1 " Commercial",10979,11349,10917,11254,11844,12284,13328,16397,17662,18145,19057,18868,19666,20411,21166,21608,22120,22873,22533,21918,22984,22.8,25.3 " Industrial",27618,27985,29476,30524,31919,32847,33523,32617,33539,34533,35034,31949,32615,34017,35595,36279,36281,36172,34990,29437,32350,41.9,35.6 " Other",610,599,637,652,659,561,620,646,644,676,677,739,764,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",0.8,"-"

359

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Louisiana" Louisiana" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",21434,21577,21188,22430,22629,24116,24311,24502,26709,26426,27719,25800,28157,28572,28863,28654,28113,28878,28846,29747,32679,34.4,38.4 " Commercial",13814,13970,13839,14398,15041,15575,15920,16222,17274,17581,18225,17722,18686,21944,22568,21692,21979,22887,22939,23301,24203,22.6,28.4 " Industrial",25862,26584,27466,28439,29870,30692,32544,32493,30999,31484,31950,28574,29662,27251,28290,27031,27373,27799,26932,25613,28187,39.6,33.1 " Other",2716,2573,2605,2488,2593,2444,2494,2669,2734,2776,2795,2596,2756,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",3.5,"-"

360

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Alaska" Alaska" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",1661,1603,1640,1629,1688,1713,1766,1726,1768,1866,1855,1891,1932,1987,2062,2062,2120,2114,2129,2117,2093,34.9,33.5 " Commercial",1972,2005,2035,2062,2155,2200,2250,2181,2307,2385,2236,2289,2238,2473,2601,2695,2819,2828,2851,2841,2830,42.1,45.3 " Industrial",459,466,504,501,511,546,584,756,818,844,1037,1079,1088,1104,1126,1156,1243,1384,1344,1311,1324,19.5,21.2 " Other",161,182,160,182,179,172,179,178,202,198,182,194,207,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",3.4,"-"

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retail pump storage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Kansas" Kansas" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",9515,9933,8873,9986,10131,10356,10672,10862,11832,11347,12528,12062,12745,12602,12417,13406,13503,13806,13392,13149,14334,34.9,35.5 " Commercial",9169,9551,9400,9753,10111,10273,11005,11424,12073,11822,12511,12787,13392,13751,13831,14453,14786,15474,15358,15007,15436,34.8,38.2 " Industrial",8087,8284,8451,8702,9001,9356,9231,9365,9762,10215,10222,10569,10195,10382,10879,11165,11462,10885,10766,10087,10651,28.5,26.3 " Other",378,384,346,367,371,372,383,618,473,436,660,429,381,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",1.8,"-"

362

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Kentucky" Kentucky" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",16814,18644,17787,19223,19481,20537,21353,20998,21669,22548,23374,23698,25347,24704,25187,26947,25949,28004,27562,26525,29137,29.8,31.1 " Commercial",9252,9900,9576,9829,10095,10524,10659,12169,12729,13222,13933,14338,14745,17946,18443,19091,18941,20035,19669,18696,19411,17.8,20.7 " Industrial",32543,32939,37084,36320,40049,40490,41930,40600,38260,40054,37689,38676,43812,42570,42891,43314,43853,44366,46198,43588,45022,48.1,48.1 " Other",2488,2711,2622,2777,2861,2997,3077,3069,3192,3274,3320,3263,3362,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",4.2,"-"

363

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Mississippi" Mississippi" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",12266,12518,12422,13200,13642,14181,14965,14817,16392,16321,17193,16856,17844,17670,17580,17953,18276,18566,18294,18095,20175,37.9,40.6 " Commercial",6746,6832,6732,6685,7094,7539,7913,9955,10781,11151,11451,11357,11773,12593,12750,12666,12949,13400,13233,13013,13805,25.3,27.8 " Industrial",12454,13024,13491,14229,15256,15477,16043,14622,14599,15735,15856,15268,15021,15281,15702,15282,15712,16187,16195,14940,15707,35,31.6 " Other",661,646,596,635,635,671,702,694,738,772,836,805,815,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",1.8,"-"

364

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Arkansas" Arkansas" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",10558,11001,10440,11762,11642,12417,12934,12990,14339,14045,14871,15104,15527,15598,15619,17134,17065,17415,17392,16986,19231,35.7,39.9 " Commercial",6075,6300,6177,6698,6866,7147,7442,7597,8205,8374,8746,9153,9304,10568,10731,11366,11581,11801,11703,11477,12188,21,25.3 " Industrial",10126,10518,11251,12609,13526,14483,15139,15632,16066,16680,17268,16734,16887,16942,17322,17665,17990,17839,17038,14710,16775,41.5,34.8 " Other",606,622,583,594,585,625,621,638,705,690,726,741,731,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",1.7,"-"

365

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Michigan" Michigan" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",25319,26760,25671,26770,27174,28623,28901,28726,29808,30661,30707,32305,34336,33669,33104,36095,34622,35366,34297,32854,34681,29.3,33.5 " Commercial",20610,21455,21208,28930,30412,31306,32038,32411,33840,35096,35867,35025,35880,35391,38632,39600,39299,40047,38974,37870,38123,34.2,36.8 " Industrial",35062,35007,35657,30572,32717,33921,34499,35430,35983,37276,37268,34174,33537,39813,34867,34745,34093,33879,32505,27391,30841,35.6,29.8 " Other",1376,1298,1304,1316,857,852,863,824,875,948,930,905,960,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",0.9,"-"

366

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Wisconsin" Wisconsin" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",16385,17349,16615,17373,17660,18635,18685,18510,19087,19502,19929,20418,21575,21364,21192,22458,21779,22374,21976,21421,22299,30.6,32.4 " Commercial",12698,13309,13243,13710,14378,14893,15433,15730,16193,17638,18321,18678,19144,20056,19349,22501,22756,23491,23473,22476,23001,28.1,33.5 " Industrial",19405,19686,20382,21410,22714,23690,23871,25103,26040,25665,26162,25370,25534,25821,27435,25376,25286,25436,24672,22390,23452,40.2,34.1 " Other",710,688,686,662,659,749,755,751,741,743,734,752,746,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",1.1,"-"

367

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Maryland" Maryland" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",19102,20295,19762,21546,21666,22234,22986,21937,22407,23342,23949,24294,25489,26671,27952,28440,26905,28195,27144,26945,28934,39.5,44.3 " Commercial",10452,10667,10770,11317,13254,23096,23126,23419,24284,24988,25804,26244,21044,16950,17264,17932,29729,30691,30003,29806,30771,42.5,47.1 " Industrial",19308,19448,19768,20201,19037,10057,10098,10128,10344,9936,10066,10177,20875,27176,21195,21517,6057,5980,5650,5286,5083,16.6,7.8 " Other",672,697,689,809,794,771,787,781,799,819,858,926,972,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",1.4,"-"

368

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Maine" Maine" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",3932,3817,3830,3872,3692,3629,3679,3659,3589,3704,3737,3903,4043,4219,4331,4503,4351,4413,4351,4360,4372,30.7,37.9 " Commercial",2673,2685,2730,2868,2812,2835,3212,3279,3324,3491,3712,3779,3789,3959,4325,4157,4134,4195,4148,4071,4101,30.5,35.6 " Industrial",4750,4709,4753,5040,4952,4959,4772,4957,4622,4687,4551,4413,3550,3793,3711,3702,3800,3252,3175,2852,3059,37.4,26.5 " Other",174,171,171,172,151,138,64,63,63,61,163,57,59,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",1.3,"-"

369

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Minnesota" Minnesota" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",14858,15655,14848,15597,16007,16974,17157,17073,17378,17998,18629,19400,20451,20638,20507,21743,21909,22646,22355,22034,22465,31.2,33.1 " Commercial",8086,8417,8291,8535,8997,9700,10115,10137,10436,10909,11580,19799,19457,20533,20407,21985,22175,22523,22604,22311,22515,19.4,33.2 " Industrial",23497,23938,23557,24384,25451,26577,26934,27713,28214,27764,28842,20767,21515,21916,22415,22266,22664,23041,23810,19637,22798,48.2,33.6 " Other",727,745,716,694,701,707,735,750,716,729,730,721,740,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",1.2,"-"

370

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Massachusetts" Massachusetts" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",15581,15379,15560,15785,16049,15993,16256,16278,16388,17392,17562,17984,18695,19591,19769,20539,19624,20138,19638,19475,21409,33.9,37.5 " Commercial",18565,18517,18629,18897,19371,19894,20346,20834,21422,21489,23033,24127,24250,25648,26020,26415,26237,27148,26582,17775,18243,44.5,31.9 " Industrial",10157,9794,9663,9605,9710,10026,10085,10148,10212,9966,10533,9757,10087,9984,9947,9871,9602,9450,9332,16754,17116,20.3,30 " Other",1138,1107,1146,994,961,598,607,622,585,560,644,629,676,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",1.2,"-"

371

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Carolina" Carolina" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",18258,18707,18940,20687,19903,21392,22514,21611,23558,23699,25270,24875,26787,26422,27910,28676,28539,29569,29727,29556,32852,32.8,39.8 " Commercial",11927,12209,12375,13177,13393,14020,14545,14806,16370,16585,17483,17484,18157,19336,20113,20498,20923,21746,21676,21440,22320,22.7,27.1 " Industrial",24701,25361,26305,26867,27760,28819,29185,31278,31606,32117,33308,31528,31926,31296,31886,32080,31416,30632,29247,25421,27307,43.2,33.1 " Other",766,793,781,802,802,843,843,840,920,903,951,946,950,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",1.2,"-"

372

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Rhode Island" Rhode Island" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",2376,2369,2363,2412,2457,2472,2481,2486,2522,2667,2664,2699,2829,2998,3000,3171,3008,3132,3043,2937,3118,36.5,40 " Commercial",2492,2474,2481,2532,2563,2625,2607,2697,2731,3171,3166,3240,3316,3490,3542,3628,3599,3710,3700,3691,3693,43.4,47.4 " Industrial",1354,1363,1359,1419,1378,1374,1351,1386,1458,1158,1394,1386,1331,1309,1345,1250,1191,1171,1075,990,961,19.1,12.3 " Other",196,197,190,186,174,165,165,174,177,154,78,68,85,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",1.1,"-"

373

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Nevada" Nevada" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",5540,5782,6064,6281,6845,6655,7526,7801,7975,8386,9406,9607,9702,10340,10673,11080,11978,12390,12061,11880,11615,33.8,34.4 " Commercial",3866,3987,4175,4298,4612,4731,5150,5454,5655,6049,6548,6693,7538,8168,8275,8516,8975,9352,9304,8950,8970,23.6,26.6 " Industrial",6263,6173,6723,7181,7775,8496,9075,10034,10518,10861,11239,11239,11373,11624,12364,12897,13625,13893,13820,13445,13180,40.4,39 " Other",684,684,734,740,805,777,823,930,889,958,598,628,592,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",2.2,"-"

374

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Connecticut" Connecticut" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",10376,10441,10496,10597,10898,10760,10943,10859,10935,11619,11645,11975,12473,13178,13211,13803,12963,13372,12730,12578,13065,38.9,43 " Commercial",10342,10544,10485,10677,10845,10926,11172,11278,11683,11834,11932,12442,12614,13094,13455,13949,13611,15126,13665,13257,13428,39.8,44.2 " Industrial",6100,5822,5780,5597,5917,5913,5928,5919,5838,5836,5811,5572,5370,5366,5358,5153,4926,5433,4371,3692,3713,19.4,12.2 " Other",369,364,367,368,366,370,374,376,500,515,564,552,548,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",1.9,"-"

375

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Montana" Montana" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",3358,3459,3286,3598,3567,3640,3911,3804,3722,3664,3908,3886,4031,4120,4053,4221,4394,4542,4669,4774,4743,26.8,35.3 " Commercial",2738,2819,2859,3026,3096,3133,3299,3293,3313,3025,3792,3866,4003,4438,4330,4473,4686,4828,4826,4779,4789,26,35.7 " Industrial",6529,6622,6414,5837,5961,6368,6306,4537,6774,6258,6568,3370,4463,4267,4574,4784,4735,6163,5831,4773,3891,45,29 " Other",499,507,536,469,561,278,305,284,335,334,312,324,335,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",2.1,"-"

376

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

District of Columbia" District of Columbia" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",1480,1580,1488,1635,1572,1608,1614,1554,1596,1643,1624,1699,1790,1754,1834,1938,1822,1970,1897,1859,2123,15.3,17.9 " Commercial",5073,5238,5227,5418,8093,8079,7905,7925,8051,8146,8332,8539,8645,8639,8994,9296,9030,9519,9290,9714,9209,78.5,77.5 " Industrial",2976,3053,2987,2976,267,262,252,262,262,249,273,281,282,267,282,256,240,297,305,305,230,2.6,1.9 " Other",319,324,341,346,363,366,366,366,372,380,387,362,411,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",3.6,"-"

377

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

California" California" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",66575,66017,68121,67359,68866,68783,71396,73086,75205,75303,79241,76668,77202,82926,83361,85610,89836,89158,91231,89799,87257,32.5,33.8 " Commercial",79691,78425,80235,79058,76925,80874,83392,83574,92517,86371,92697,96459,102587,109578,118953,117551,121255,123690,125026,121105,121152,38,46.9 " Industrial",55892,56191,57090,56189,59864,57367,57683,62017,61641,63217,64311,63041,48448,49909,48812,50242,50991,50538,51031,47835,49301,26.4,19.1 " Other",8935,8018,8002,7894,8030,5580,5642,9203,7071,9940,7808,11591,6976,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",3.2,"-"

378

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Vermont" Vermont" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",1809,1783,1927,1971,2009,1973,2006,1992,1951,1999,2037,2009,2047,2011,2109,2189,2142,2170,2133,2122,2128,36.1,38 " Commercial",1484,1491,1527,1570,1586,1605,1649,1675,1786,1896,1910,1926,1946,1881,1978,2051,2027,2059,2043,1991,2021,33.9,36.1 " Industrial",1381,1390,1440,1431,1435,1484,1537,1561,1534,1587,1646,1608,1592,1460,1577,1644,1626,1635,1565,1383,1446,29.2,25.8 " Other",42,40,47,44,36,42,48,84,92,45,46,42,45,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",0.8,"-"

379

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Dakota" Dakota" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",2954,3096,3020,3209,3243,3384,3602,3437,3272,3307,3390,3480,3664,3707,3663,3796,3853,4067,4259,4449,4393,36,33.9 " Commercial",1795,1876,1752,1831,1884,2237,2378,2300,2305,2350,2554,3071,3404,3800,3843,3994,4127,4215,4460,4558,4714,27.1,36.4 " Industrial",1760,1762,1835,1905,2011,1771,1835,2076,2187,3013,3031,2753,2636,2954,3010,3050,3266,3624,3697,3641,3850,32.2,29.7 " Other",506,521,521,487,542,490,500,469,456,443,438,506,516,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",4.7,"-"

380

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Utah" Utah" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",4246,4460,4505,4726,5009,5041,5481,5661,5756,6236,6514,6693,6938,7166,7325,7567,8232,8752,8786,8725,8834,28.1,31.5 " Commercial",4515,4734,4956,5020,5500,5642,5911,6469,6709,7282,7884,8262,8463,9024,9345,9417,9749,10241,10286,10235,10368,34,37 " Industrial",5766,5876,6212,6221,6498,6957,7660,7430,7511,7568,7917,7411,7019,7646,7816,7989,8356,8759,9086,8594,8808,34.1,31.4 " Other",875,837,894,900,841,820,806,815,724,792,870,851,846,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",3.8,"-"

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381

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Texas" Texas" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",82548,84088,81934,87686,89793,92831,99656,101094,110434,108591,116895,117343,121435,121355,120330,126562,126843,124921,127712,129797,137161,36.7,38.3 " Commercial",62238,61447,61696,64331,66467,68580,70866,72042,77231,79388,84848,87912,87746,96694,99616,110784,111130,110540,113473,118497,121467,26.7,33.9 " Industrial",84087,84122,85421,86933,90329,90093,95308,100429,102702,99741,101588,98208,102251,104547,100588,96841,104689,108300,105806,96931,99754,31.9,27.8

382

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Iowa" Iowa" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",10513,11159,10290,11103,11062,11640,11537,11673,11855,11867,12029,12430,12921,12768,12625,13571,13344,14060,14073,13723,14555,30.8,32 " Commercial",6727,7123,7019,7269,7477,7607,7338,7594,8034,8269,8375,8512,8803,11637,10840,11271,11660,12084,12178,11706,12025,21.4,26.5 " Industrial",11392,11684,12134,12465,13224,13771,14789,15531,16079,16499,17127,16238,16548,16803,17437,17915,18331,19125,19237,18211,18865,43.8,41.5 " Other",804,815,765,1267,1276,1284,1335,1350,1350,1399,1558,2264,2626,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",4,"-"

383

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Georgia" Georgia" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",29933,30187,30528,33867,32735,35812,37763,36831,41519,41767,44560,44380,48600,48174,51124,52827,54521,56223,55587,55158,61554,37.4,43.8 " Commercial",22868,23241,23715,25169,26161,27741,29140,30200,32766,34093,36951,37839,38887,40554,42316,44663,45547,46997,46876,46080,47897,31,34 " Industrial",26717,27193,28197,29084,29942,31493,33175,33957,35077,35255,36085,33941,34603,34768,35846,34602,34588,34054,32529,29348,31047,30.3,22.1 " Other",922,919,952,1071,1075,1145,1229,1262,1358,1541,1589,1631,1699,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",1.3,"-"

384

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Tennessee" Tennessee" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",28757,29605,29498,30199,32797,30967,35333,33367,35428,35425,36622,36932,38752,37697,38526,41132,40816,42880,41947,40117,45191,38.3,43.7 " Commercial",12128,12097,6470,5175,5154,5176,5548,24745,24840,25228,25757,25974,26523,27481,28249,29146,29033,29985,29418,27962,29399,26.9,28.4 " Industrial",35313,35667,41695,43530,43614,44828,45781,27710,30461,31493,32289,32149,31845,32278,32885,33625,34081,33850,32804,26569,28930,33.7,27.9 " Other",947,1021,922,928,968,1060,996,1095,1021,1035,1060,1077,1113,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",1.1,"-"

385

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Arizona" Arizona" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",15378,15641,16230,16705,18212,18036,19746,20683,21611,22517,24844,26200,26413,27742,28921,30544,32367,34437,33236,32847,32448,40.6,44.6 " Commercial",13731,13982,14468,14813,15625,16290,17252,17788,18440,19776,21411,22045,22371,25425,26106,27468,28626,30475,30162,29386,28943,35,39.7 " Industrial",10034,10405,11055,10989,11303,11992,12783,13253,12549,12456,11975,11377,11026,10914,11906,11379,12259,12281,12869,11200,11442,19.6,15.7 " Other",2327,1820,1898,1901,2142,2272,2303,2732,3244,2912,2900,2652,2791,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",4.7,"-"

386

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

United States" United States" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",924019,955417,935939,994781,1008482,1042501,1082512,1075880,1130109,1144923,1192446,1201607,1265180,1275824,1291982,1359227,1351520,1392241,1379981,1364474,1445708,34.9,38.5 " Commercial",751027,765664,761271,794573,820269,862685,887445,928633,979401,1001996,1055232,1083069,1104497,1198728,1230425,1275079,1299744,1336315,1335981,1307168,1330199,30.8,35.4 " Industrial",945522,946583,972714,977164,1007981,1012693,1033631,1038197,1051203,1058217,1064239,996609,990238,1012373,1017850,1019156,1011298,1027832,1009300,917442,970873,31.1,25.9

387

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Oklahoma" Oklahoma" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",17077,15325,14254,15901,16128,16319,17303,17376,19511,18301,19640,19796,19927,20162,19699,21309,21690,21361,21861,21641,23689,39.6,41 " Commercial",11634,10587,10338,10824,11121,11115,11553,11754,12459,12398,13115,13552,13097,16958,17020,17477,18197,18634,19022,18662,19005,26.5,32.9 " Industrial",11764,11415,11599,11699,11721,11714,12160,12802,13175,13271,13935,13356,12898,13308,14223,14920,15018,15198,15395,14233,15152,28.1,26.2 " Other",2029,2078,2076,2107,2173,2244,2276,2521,2752,2766,2874,2963,3564,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",5.8,"-"

388

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Florida" Florida" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",71115,72814,73189,76827,80595,85770,88315,87845,95768,93846,99006,101377,108164,112650,112203,115791,117053,117816,113937,115474,122245,50.6,52.9 " Commercial",51342,52441,52620,54876,57447,60079,60988,63337,67346,69055,72130,73958,77561,85257,86765,89410,91300,93931,93205,92275,91614,36.8,39.6 " Industrial",16605,16482,16497,16298,16513,16473,17212,18266,18448,18579,18884,19854,18959,19375,19518,19676,19768,19241,18945,16918,17265,9.6,7.5 " Other",4473,4599,4704,4747,4989,5171,5317,5593,5792,5790,5824,5563,5789,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",3,"-"

389

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Oregon" Oregon" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",15380,15949,15202,16696,16462,16315,17285,17185,17529,18058,18212,17503,17554,17736,18001,18339,18978,19374,19910,19804,18839,36.2,40.9 " Commercial",11319,11614,11818,12205,12660,12900,13388,14047,14324,14912,15289,14816,14902,15483,15667,15380,16083,16187,16313,15978,15454,30.4,33.6 " Industrial",15498,15297,15123,15012,15072,15839,17029,16880,14640,14106,16353,13084,12296,11961,11954,12684,12991,13117,12945,11761,11708,32.5,25.4 " Other",780,791,766,664,777,672,708,440,414,468,476,481,503,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",0.9,"-"

390

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Dakota" Dakota" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",2866,3040,2843,3109,3147,3268,3426,3376,3303,3302,3423,3580,3733,3740,3696,3973,4051,4261,4406,4511,4628,41.3,40.8 " Commercial",1450,1522,1518,1621,1919,2088,2179,2207,2263,2291,2422,2915,3062,3713,3627,3998,4054,4181,4240,4238,4368,29.2,38.5 " Industrial",1657,1726,1777,1847,1762,1722,1785,1841,1868,1949,2003,1666,1604,1627,1891,1840,1952,2161,2328,2260,2360,24.2,20.8 " Other",361,397,356,327,346,335,346,349,390,381,435,465,538,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",5.3,"-"

391

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Hawaii" Hawaii" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",2324,2396,2438,2469,2557,2606,2676,2668,2641,2689,2765,2802,2898,3028,3162,3164,3182,3201,3085,3055,2989,28.5,29.8 " Commercial",2194,2298,2356,2363,2543,2721,2761,2782,2776,2887,3036,3129,3168,3517,3632,3463,3490,3520,3501,3388,3355,31.3,33.5 " Industrial",3734,3773,3811,3770,3791,3803,3884,3856,3787,3748,3834,3790,3770,3846,3937,3912,3896,3864,3804,3683,3672,39.6,36.7 " Other",58,58,61,56,58,57,58,57,57,57,56,63,55,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",0.6,"-"

392

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Missouri" Missouri" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",21652,23386,21294,24182,24057,25409,26448,26595,28265,27766,29581,30168,31684,31422,31351,34412,33880,35872,35390,34221,37302,40.7,43.3 " Commercial",18469,19112,18792,19914,20614,21606,22522,22864,23920,24111,25875,26029,26796,27987,28391,29640,29800,31126,31118,30394,31431,35.6,36.5 " Industrial",12937,13114,13440,13618,14106,14321,14915,15267,15801,16122,16080,15815,15341,14831,14303,16869,18316,18515,17850,15050,17330,22.1,20.1 " Other",866,902,885,908,916,923,958,985,1024,1046,1106,1201,1179,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",1.5,"-"

393

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Pennsylvania" Pennsylvania" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",38164,39598,39245,41455,42239,42802,43645,42785,42923,44126,45008,46030,48730,49651,50663,53661,51790,54587,54060,52906,55253,33.6,37.1 " Commercial",29159,30553,30779,32252,33395,34544,35396,35925,37246,37596,42002,40553,42632,43218,44355,45782,45624,47531,47347,46411,47366,31.4,31.8 " Industrial",45992,44728,44869,44949,46076,47528,47208,48063,48815,46059,45449,47383,47090,46773,47659,47950,47920,48579,48131,43552,45458,34,30.5 " Other",1435,1459,1394,1325,1336,1377,1375,1304,1223,1102,1387,1306,1368,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",1,"-"

394

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Nebraska" Nebraska" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",6800,7138,6561,7226,7379,7597,7741,7989,8160,7929,8346,8638,8956,8852,8757,9309,9294,9748,9749,9627,10107,34.3,33.9 " Commercial",5086,5291,5266,5471,5809,5986,6272,6500,6594,6661,7041,7232,7384,8583,8501,8848,9006,9396,9438,9314,9532,28.9,31.9 " Industrial",4618,4690,4752,4963,5345,5802,6193,6580,6916,6883,7276,7328,7563,8421,8618,8819,8977,9104,9624,9511,10210,29.9,34.2 " Other",1364,1486,1204,1089,1340,1508,1291,1514,1475,1336,1686,1525,1758,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",6.9,"-"

395

SPP marketing flyer for retail | ENERGY STAR Buildings & Plants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

marketing flyer for retail marketing flyer for retail Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In This Section Campaigns Commercial building design Communications resources Energy management guidance Financial resources Portfolio Manager Products and purchasing Recognition Research and reports Service and product provider (SPP) resources Success stories Target Finder

396

Impact of Variety and Distribution System Characteristics on Inventory Levels at U.S. Retailers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Over the past six decades, numerous analytical models have been developed to determine optimal inventory levels. These models predict that inventories carried by a retailer should be a function of the product variety carried by the retailer, distribution ... Keywords: econometric analysis, empirical research, inventory, retailing, supply chain management

Sampath Rajagopalan

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Effect of Traffic on Sales and Conversion Rates of Retail Stores  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Attracting shoppers to stores and converting the incoming traffic into sales profitably are vital for the financial health of retailers. In this paper, we use proprietary data pertaining to an apparel retailer to study the relationship between store ... Keywords: retail operations, store labor management, store performance, traffic uncertainty, traffic variability

Olga Perdikaki; Saravanan Kesavan; Jayashankar M. Swaminathan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Energy storage criteria handbook. Final report mar 81-jun 82  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this handbook is to provide information and criteria necessary for the selection and sizing of energy storage technologies for use at U.S. Naval facilities. The handbook gives Naval base personnel procedures and information to select the most viable energy storage options to provide the space conditioning (heating and cooling) and domestic hot water needs of their facility. The handbook may also be used by contractors, installers, designers, engineers, architects, and manufacturers who intend to enter the energy storage business. The handbook is organized into three major sections: a general section, a technical section, and an example section. While a technical background is assumed for the latter two sections, the general section is simply written and can serve as an introduction to the field of energy storage. The technical section examines the following energy storage technologies: sensible heat storage, latent heat storage, cold storage, thermochemical storage, mechanical storage, pumped hydro storage, and electrochemical storage. The example section is limited to thermal storage and includes examples for: water tank storage, rockbed storage, latent heat storage, and cold water storage.

Hull, J.R.; Cole, R.L.; Hull, A.B.

1982-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Well-pump alignment system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved well-pump for geothermal wells, an alignment system for a well-pump, and to a method for aligning a rotor and stator within a well-pump are disclosed, wherein the well-pump has a whistle assembly formed at a bottom portion thereof, such that variations in the frequency of the whistle, indicating misalignment, may be monitored during pumping. 6 figs.

Drumheller, D.S.

1998-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

400

Test report for run-in acceptance testing of Project W-151 300 HP mixing pumps  

SciTech Connect

This report documents the results of a performance demonstration and operational checkout of three 300 HP mixer pumps in accordance with WHC-SD-WI51-TS-001 ``Mixer Pump Test Specification for Project W-151`` and Statement of Work 8K520-EMN-95-004 ``Mixer Pump Performance Demonstration at MASF`` in the 400 Area Maintenance and Storage Facility (MASF) building. Testing of the pumps was performed by Fast Flux Test Facility (FFTF) Engineering and funded by the Tank Waste Remediation System (TWRS) Project W-151. Testing began with the first pump on 04-01-95 and ended with the third pump on 11-01-96. Prior to testing, the MASF was modified and prepared to meet the pump testing requirements set forth by the Test Specification and the Statement of Work.

Berglin, B.G.

1998-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retail pump storage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Energy Programs | Advanced Storage Systems  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Advanced Storage Systems Advanced Storage Systems Tapping Into Fuel Cells and Batteries Page 1 of 2 Imagine being able to drive a forty-mile round-trip commute every day without ever going near a gas pump. As the United States moves towards an energy economy with reduced dependence on foreign oil and fewer carbon emissions, development of alternative fuel sources and transmission of the energy they provide is only part of the equation. An increase in energy generated from intermittent renewable sources and the growing need for mobile energy will require new, efficient means of storing it, and technological advancements will be necessary to support the nation's future energy storage needs. A change toward alternative transportation - hydrogen fuel-cell vehicles, hybrid electric vehicles, plug-in hybrid-electric vehicles and electric

402

Pumping performance of a new type of hybrid molecular pump  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new type of hybrid molecular pump of high performance and reliability has been developed. The pump’s rotational speed is 18?000 rpm. The pump is constructed with eleven stages of a turbomolecular pump and a drum multigroove drum molecular pump in which the clearance between rotor and stationary part is 0.35 mm; the rotor’s deformation forms a cuneiform channel of the proper working clearance to ensure the pump’s performance and working reliability. The pump can operate within the pressure range of 5×102–10?6 Pa for a oil?free vacuum with the maximum speed of 400 l/s. The maximum compression ratio for H2 is over 4000. It can be widely used in vacuum processes

Dechun Ba; Naiheng Yang; Xiaodong Wang; Shijin Pang; Yu Zhu; Xiaozhen Wang

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Transient Dynamics in Molecular Junctions: Coherent Bichromophoric Molecular Electron Pumps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The possibility of using single molecule junctions as electron pumps for energy conversion and storage is considered. It is argued that the small dimensions of these systems enable to make use of unique intra-molecular quantum coherences in order to pump electrons between two leads and to overcome relaxation processes which tend to suppress the pumping efficiency. In particular, we demonstrate that a selective transient excitation of one chromophore in a bi-chromophoric donor-bridge-acceptor molecular junction model yields currents which transfer charge (electron and holes) unevenly to the two leads in the absence of a bias potential. The utility of this mechanism for charge pumping in steady state conditions is proposed.

Volkovich, Roie

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Transient Dynamics in Molecular Junctions: Coherent Bichromophoric Molecular Electron Pumps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The possibility of using single molecule junctions as electron pumps for energy conversion and storage is considered. It is argued that the small dimensions of these systems enable to make use of unique intra-molecular quantum coherences in order to pump electrons between two leads and to overcome relaxation processes which tend to suppress the pumping efficiency. In particular, we demonstrate that a selective transient excitation of one chromophore in a bi-chromophoric donor-bridge-acceptor molecular junction model yields currents which transfer charge (electron and holes) unevenly to the two leads in the absence of a bias potential. The utility of this mechanism for charge pumping in steady state conditions is proposed.

Roie Volkovich; Uri Peskin

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Criteria and Conditions for Authorizing Withdrawal, Diversion, and Storage  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Criteria and Conditions for Authorizing Withdrawal, Diversion, and Criteria and Conditions for Authorizing Withdrawal, Diversion, and Storage of Water (Iowa) Criteria and Conditions for Authorizing Withdrawal, Diversion, and Storage of Water (Iowa) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Program Info State Iowa Program Type Environmental Regulations

406

Underground Storage Tanks (West Virginia) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tanks (West Virginia) Tanks (West Virginia) Underground Storage Tanks (West Virginia) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Low-Income Residential Schools Retail Supplier Institutional Multi-Family Residential Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Transportation Program Info State West Virginia Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider Department of Environmental Protection This rule governs the construction, installation, upgrading, use, maintenance, testing, and closure of underground storage tanks, including certification requirements for individuals who install, repair, retrofit,

407

Efficient Retail Pricing in Electricity and Natural Gas Markets: A Familiar Problem with New Challenges  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A long line of research investigates whether the retail prices of electricity and natural gas send proper signals about scarcity in order to induce efficient consumption. Historically, regulated utilities have not designed tariffs that set marginal prices equal to marginal costs. Currently, some jurisdictions are opening the retail sectors of the gas and electricity industry to competition via “retail choice”. These new regimes replace imperfect regulation with imperfect competition as the process by which retail tariffs are formed. We discuss the challenges in evaluating the efficiency of these new pricing regimes and present descriptive evidence of how pricing has changed in markets with retail choice.

Steven L. Puller; Jeremy West

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Modelling and simulating retail management practices: a first approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Multi-agent systems offer a new and exciting way of understanding the world of work. We apply agent-based modeling and simulation to investigate a set of problems in a retail context. Specifically, we are working to understand the relationship between people management practices on the shop-floor and retail performance. Despite the fact we are working within a relatively novel and complex domain, it is clear that using an agent-based approach offers great potential for improving organizational capabilities in the future. Our multi-disciplinary research team has worked closely with one of the UK's top ten retailers to collect data and build an understanding of shop-floor operations and the key actors in a department (customers, staff, and managers). Based on this case study we have built and tested our first version of a retail branch agent-based simulation model where we have focused on how we can simulate the effects of people management practices on customer satisfaction and sales. In our experiments we hav...

Siebers, Peer-Olaf; Celia, Helen; Clegg, Chris

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Impact of liberalization on Italian retail gas prices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper aims to analyze the effects deriving from the liberalization process in the Italian natural gas market carried out by the Italian government through the legislative decree n. 164/2000. More specifically, the objective is to analyze the competitiveness ... Keywords: Italian gas market liberalization, import gas prices, linear regression analysis, natural gas retail prices

Guendalina Capece; Livio Cricelli; Francesca Di Pillo; Nathan Levialdi

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Mechanical Compression Heat Pumps  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mechanical compression heat pumping is not new in industrial applications. In fact, industry history suggests that the theoretical concept was developed before 1825. Heat pump manufacturers gained the support of consultants and end-users when the energy crisis hit this country in 1973. That interest, today, has been dampened because there is a current abundance of the basic sources of industrial energy (namely oil and natural gas). Meanwhile, Mycom used the window of the current opportunities to develop, design and test compressors built to meet the needs of the mechanically demanding industrial heat pump applications which often require high compression ratios and temperatures in excess of 200 degrees F. This paper will review the theoretical foundation for heat pumps and present the mechanical and thermal requirements of the compressors which constitute the heart and soul of the system. It will also provide a quick survey of the available types of compressors for heat pumping and some of the industrial processes where simultaneous heating and cooling proceed along parallel demand paths. The case history will examine the system flexibility and the economic advantages realized in a barley malting process.

Apaloo, T. L.; Kawamura, K.; Matsuda, J.

1986-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Hydrogen Storage  

Fuel Cell Technologies Publication and Product Library (EERE)

This 2-page fact sheet provides a brief introduction to hydrogen storage technologies. Intended for a non-technical audience, it explains the different ways in which hydrogen can be stored, as well a

412

Energy Storage  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Advanced Development Concept Nitrogen-Air Battery F.M. Delnick, D. Ingersoll, K.Waldrip Sandia National Laboratories Albuquerque, NM presented to U.S. DOE Energy Storage Systems...

413

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Business Case for E85 Fuel Retailers  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Business Case for E85 Business Case for E85 Fuel Retailers to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Business Case for E85 Fuel Retailers on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Business Case for E85 Fuel Retailers on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Business Case for E85 Fuel Retailers on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Business Case for E85 Fuel Retailers on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Business Case for E85 Fuel Retailers on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Business Case for E85 Fuel Retailers on AddThis.com... More in this section... Ethanol Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Locations Infrastructure Development Business Case Equipment Options Equipment Installation

414

Operation features of a longitudinal-capacitive-discharge-pumped CuBr laser  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The frequency and energy characteristics of a capacitive-discharge-pumped CuBr laser are investigated. Processes proceeding in the discharge circuit of lasers pumped in this way, in particular, pumped without an external storage capacitor are analysed. It is shown that, depending on the pumping circuit, laser levels are excited either during the charge current flow or during the discharge of electrode capacitances. The differences in the influence of the active HBr addition on the characteristics of the discharge and lasing compared to the case of a usual repetitively pulsed high-current discharge with internal electrodes are established. (lasers)

Gubarev, F A; Shiyanov, D V [V.E. Zuev Institute of Atmospheric Optics, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Tomsk (Russian Federation); Evtushenko, Gennadii S [Tomsk Polytechnical University, Tomsk (Russian Federation); Sukhanov, V B

2010-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

415

Application of wind energy to Great Plains irrigation pumping. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Wind energy systems without energy storage for irrigation in the Great Plains are studied. Major uses of irrigation energy were identified as pumping for surface distribution systems, which could be supplied by variable flow, and pumping for sprinkler systems using constant flow. A computer program was developed to simulate operation of wind-powered irrigation wells. Pumping by wind turbine systems was simulated for 2 variable and 2 constant flow operational modes in which auxiliary motors were used in 3 of the modes. Using the simulation program, the well yields and maximum pumping rates among the 4 modes as a function of drawdown in a typical well are compared.

Hagen, L.J.; Lyles, L.; Skidmore, E.L.

1979-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Velocity pump reaction turbine  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An expanding hydraulic/two-phase velocity pump reaction turbine including a dual concentric rotor configuration with an inter-rotor annular flow channel in which the inner rotor is mechanically driven by the outer rotor. In another embodiment, the inner rotor is immobilized and provided with gas recovery ports on its outer surface by means of which gas in solution may be recovered. This velocity pump reaction turbine configuration is capable of potential energy conversion efficiencies of up to 70%, and is particularly suited for geothermal applications.

House, Palmer A. (Walnut Creek, CA)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Velocity pump reaction turbine  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An expanding hydraulic/two-phase velocity pump reaction turbine including a dual concentric rotor configuration with an inter-rotor annular flow channel in which the inner rotor is mechanically driven by the outer rotor. In another embodiment, the inner rotor is immobilized and provided with gas recovery ports on its outer surface by means of which gas in solution may be recovered. This velocity pump reaction turbine configuration is capable of potential energy conversion efficiencies of up to 70%, and is particularly suited for geothermal applications.

House, Palmer A. (Walnut Creek, CA)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

418

Fusion reactor pumped laser  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A nuclear pumped laser capable of producing long pulses of very high power laser radiation is provided. A toroidal fusion reactor provides energetic neutrons which are slowed down by a moderator. The moderated neutrons are converted to energetic particles capable of pumping a lasing medium. The lasing medium is housed in an annular cell surrounding the reactor. The cell includes an annular reflecting mirror at the bottom and an annular output window at the top. A neutron reflector is disposed around the cell to reflect escaping neutrons back into the cell. The laser radiation from the annular window is focused onto a beam compactor which generates a single coherent output laser beam.

Jassby, Daniel L. (Princeton, NJ)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Acoustical heat pumping engine  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The disclosure is directed to an acoustical heat pumping engine without moving seals. A tubular housing holds a compressible fluid capable of supporting an acoustical standing wave. An acoustical driver is disposed at one end of the housing and the other end is capped. A second thermodynamic medium is disposed in the housing near to but spaced from the capped end. Heat is pumped along the second thermodynamic medium toward the capped end as a consequence both of the pressure oscillation due to the driver and imperfect thermal contact between the fluid and the second thermodynamic medium.

Wheatley, John C. (Los Alamos, NM); Swift, Gregory W. (Los Alamos, NM); Migliori, Albert (Santa Fe, NM)

1983-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

420

Acoustical heat pumping engine  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The disclosure is directed to an acoustical heat pumping engine without moving seals. A tubular housing holds a compressible fluid capable of supporting an acoustical standing wave. An acoustical driver is disposed at one end of the housing and the other end is capped. A second thermodynamic medium is disposed in the housing near to but spaced from the capped end. Heat is pumped along the second thermodynamic medium toward the capped end as a consequence both of the pressure oscillation due to the driver and imperfect thermal contact between the fluid and the second thermodynamic medium. 2 figs.

Wheatley, J.C.; Swift, G.W.; Migliori, A.

1983-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retail pump storage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

DUF6 Storage Safety  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Storage Safety Depleted UF6 Storage line line How DUF6 is Stored Where DUF6 is Stored DUF6 Storage Safety Cylinder Leakage Depleted UF6 Storage Safety Continued cylinder storage is...

422

COMPRESSED-AIR ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEMS FOR STAND-ALONE OFF-GRID PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-storage materials, flywheels, pumped hydro (PH), superconducting magnetic energy storage (SMES) and compressed airCOMPRESSED-AIR ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEMS FOR STAND-ALONE OFF-GRID PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES Dominique, USA ABSTRACT In this work, a low-cost, low-volume, low-maintenance, small-scale compressed-air energy

Deymier, Pierre

423

Pumped oil feed systems for rotary vacuum pumps  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Pumped oil feed systems developed by the authors and their colleagues provide positive lubrication under all inlet pressure conditions

H. Wycliffe; B. D. Power

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Definition: Electricity Storage Technologies | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dictionary.png Dictionary.png Electricity Storage Technologies Technologies that can store electricity to be used at a later time. These devices require a mechanism to convert alternating current (AC) electricity into another form for storage, and then back to AC electricity. Common forms of electricity storage include batteries, flywheels, and pumped hydro. Electricity storage can provide backup power, peaking power, and ancillary services, and can store excess electricity produced by renewable energy resources when available.[1] Related Terms electricity generation References ↑ https://www.smartgrid.gov/category/technology/electricity_storage_technologies [[C LikeLike UnlikeLike You like this.Sign Up to see what your friends like. ategory: Smart Grid Definitionssmart grid,smart grid,

425

Indexes of pumps for oil field pumping units  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As reported previously, a series of oil field pumping units has been developed with power outputs of 125, 250, 500, and 1000 kW, designed for injecting working fluids in cementing operations in oil and gas wells, hydraulic fracturing of formations, washing out sand plugs, and other production operations. The units are designed for the use of three-plunger pumps with individual power outputs of 125 or 500 kW. In the 250- and 1000-kW units, two such pumps are used. The 1000-kW pumping unit serves mainly for deep-penetration hydraulic fracturing of formations, and also for fracturing deep formations. The hydraulic fracturing process does not require the use of units with two pumps; this has been demonstrated by experience, both here and in other countries. All units intended for use in hydraulic fracturing are built with a single pump, transmission, and drive. Pumping units for well cementing must have two pumps that will give a high delivery rate. At the start of the operation, a single pump can be used to feed water into the cement mixer, with the second pump used to transfer the cement slurry to the well. Then both pumps are connected to the slurry injection line. The operation of these pumps is described.

Ibragimov, E.S.

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Georgia Underground Gas Storage Act of 1972 (Georgia) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Georgia Underground Gas Storage Act of 1972 (Georgia) Georgia Underground Gas Storage Act of 1972 (Georgia) Georgia Underground Gas Storage Act of 1972 (Georgia) < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Developer General Public/Consumer Industrial Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Utility Program Info State Georgia Program Type Environmental Regulations Siting and Permitting Provider Georgia Department of Natural Resources The Georgia Underground Gas Storage Act, which permits the building of reserves for withdrawal in periods of peak demand, was created to promote the economic development of the State of Georgia and provide for more economical distribution of gas to the domestic, commercial, and industrial consumers of the State. Any gas utility desiring to utilize or operate an

427

Underground Storage of Natural Gas and Liquefied Petroleum Gas (Nebraska) |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Underground Storage of Natural Gas and Liquefied Petroleum Gas Underground Storage of Natural Gas and Liquefied Petroleum Gas (Nebraska) Underground Storage of Natural Gas and Liquefied Petroleum Gas (Nebraska) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Program Info State Nebraska Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider Nebraska Oil and Gas Conservation Commission This statute declares underground storage of natural gas and liquefied petroleum gas to be in the public interest if it promotes the conservation

428

Rules and Regulations for Underground Storage Facilities Used for Petroleum  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rules and Regulations for Underground Storage Facilities Used for Rules and Regulations for Underground Storage Facilities Used for Petroleum Products and Hazardous Materials (Rhode Island) Rules and Regulations for Underground Storage Facilities Used for Petroleum Products and Hazardous Materials (Rhode Island) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Program Info State Rhode Island Program Type Environmental Regulations Provider Department of Environmental Management These regulations apply to underground storage facilities for petroleum and

429

Explosively pumped laser light  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A single shot laser pumped by detonation of an explosive in a shell casing. The shock wave from detonation of the explosive causes a rare gas to luminesce. The high intensity light from the gas enters a lasing medium, which thereafter outputs a pulse of laser light to disable optical sensors and personnel.

Piltch, Martin S. (Los Alamos, NM); Michelotti, Roy A. (Los Alamos, NM)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Shrouded inducer pump  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improvement in a pump is described including a shrouded inducer, the improvement comprising first and second sealing means which cooperate with a first vortex cell and a series of secondary vortex cells to remove any tangential velocity components from the recirculation flow. 3 figs.

Meng, S.Y.

1989-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

431

Linear induction pump  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Electromagnetic linear induction pump for liquid metal which includes a unitary pump duct. The duct comprises two substantially flat parallel spaced-apart wall members, one being located above the other and two parallel opposing side members interconnecting the wall members. Located within the duct are a plurality of web members interconnecting the wall members and extending parallel to the side members whereby the wall members, side members and web members define a plurality of fluid passageways, each of the fluid passageways having substantially the same cross-sectional flow area. Attached to an outer surface of each side member is an electrically conductive end bar for the passage of an induced current therethrough. A multi-phase, electrical stator is located adjacent each of the wall members. The duct, stators, and end bars are enclosed in a housing which is provided with an inlet and outlet in fluid communication with opposite ends of the fluid passageways in the pump duct. In accordance with a preferred embodiment, the inlet and outlet includes a transition means which provides for a transition from a round cross-sectional flow path to a substantially rectangular cross-sectional flow path defined by the pump duct.

Meisner, John W. (Newbury Park, CA); Moore, Robert M. (Canoga Park, CA); Bienvenue, Louis L. (Chatsworth, CA)

1985-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

432

SURVEY OF SODIUM PUMP TECHNOLOGY  

SciTech Connect

A review is presented of the current status of sodium pump development as related to nuclear power applications. A description is given of the design features and performance characteristics of the more important types of sodium and sodium-- potassium alloy (NaK) pumps. Some requirements for sodium pumps for future large liquid metal reactor systems are presented with some preliminary consideration of the potential of various pump types to meet these requirements. (auth)

Nixon, D.R.

1963-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Retail Motor Gasoline Price* Forecast Doesn’t Reflect ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Gasoline pump prices have backed down from the high prices experienced ... with crude oil prices rebounding somewhat from their December lows combined ...

434

Microsoft Word - OE_Energy_Storage_Program_Plan_Feburary_2011v3[2].docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Images-Front cover: 20MW Beacon Power flywheel storage facility; Ameren's 440MW pumped-hydro storage at Taum Sauk, Missouri. Back cover: 8MW SCE / A123 Lithium-ion storage at Tehachapi wind farm; 25MW Primus Power flow battery at Modesto, California; 110MW compressed air energy storage in McIntosh, Alabama. TABLE OF CONTENTS Executive Summary............................................................................................................. 1 1.0 Introduction to the OE Storage Program ...................................................................... 5 1.1. The Grid Energy Storage Value Proposition ..................................................................................... 5 1.2. Grid Energy Storage at DOE .............................................................................................................

435

Retail Electric Competition: A Blueprint for Consumer Protection  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Retail Electric Competition: Retail Electric Competition: A Blueprint for Consumer Protection Barbara Reid Alexander Consumer Affairs Consultant 15 Wedgewood Drive Winthrop, Maine 04364 October 1998 This report was prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy, Chicago Regional Support Office (Purchase Order DE-AP45-97R553188). Funding was provided by the Department of EnergyÂ’s Office of Power Technologies, Ofiice of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. ii This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information,

436

Reliant Energy Retail Services LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Services LLC Services LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name Reliant Energy Retail Services LLC Place Texas Utility Id 15847 Utility Location Yes Ownership R NERC Location TRE NERC ERCOT Yes Activity Retail Marketing Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png 12 (e-sense Time-Of with 20% Wind) Residential Basic Power Plan - 12 (Commercial Service) Commercial One Rate For Business Commercial POLR (Residential Service) Residential Average Rates Residential: $0.1360/kWh Commercial: $0.1370/kWh Industrial: $0.0680/kWh References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a"

437

Mirage: Mitigating Illicit Inventorying in a RFID Enabled Retail Environment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Given its low dollar and maintenance cost, RFID is poised to become the enabling technology for inventory control and supply chain management. However, as an outcome of its low cost, RFID based inventory control is susceptible to pernicious security and privacy threats. A deleterious attack on such a system is corporate espionage, where attackers through illicit inventorying infer sales and restocking trends for products. In this paper, we first present plausible aftermaths of corporate espionage using real data from online sources. Second, to mitigate corporate espionage in a retail store environment, we present a simple lowcost system called Mirage. Mirage uses additional programmable low cost passive RFID tags called honeytokens to inject noise in retail store inven-torying. Using a simple history based algorithm that controls activation and de-activation of honeytokens, Mirage randomizes sales and restocking trends. We evaluate Mirage in a real warehouse environment using a commercial off-the-shelf Motoro...

White, Jonathan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Municipal Aggregation and Retail Competition in the Ohio Energy Sector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ohio allows communities to vote to aggregate the loads of individual consumers (unless they opt out) in order to seek a competitive energy supplier. Over 200 communities have voted to do this for electricity. By 2004 residential switching reached 69 % in Cleveland territory (95 % from municipal aggregation) but by 2006 had fallen to 8%. Savings are now small, but customer acquisition costs are low and the cost to consumers is negligible. Aggregation and retail competition have been thwarted by Rate Stabilization Plans holding incumbent utility prices below cost since 2006. In the Ohio gas sector, rate regulation has not discouraged aggregation and competition, but market prices falling below municipally negotiated rates can be politically embarrassing. How municipal aggregation would fare against individual choice in a market conducive to retail competition is an open question, but the policy deserves consideration elsewhere.

Stephen Littlechild; Stephen Littlechild

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Reduce Pumping Costs through Optimum Pipe Sizing  

SciTech Connect

BestPractices Program tip sheet discussing pumping system efficiency by reducing pumping costs through optimum pipe sizing.

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Select an Energy-Efficient Centrifugal Pump  

SciTech Connect

BestPractices Program tip sheet discussing pumping system efficiency by selecting an energy-efficient centrifugal pump.

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retail pump storage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Will electricity market reform likely reduce retail rates?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To win public support, proponents for electricity market reform to introduce competition often promise that the post-reform retail rates will be lower than the average embedded cost rates that would have prevailed under the status quo of a regulated monopoly. A simple economic analysis shows that such a promise is unlikely to occur without the critical assumption that the post-reform market has marginal costs below average costs. (author)

Woo, C.K.; Zarnikau, Jay

2009-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

442

Why Events Overseas Matter to Gasoline Retailers and Consumers  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Attempts to explain how changes in the global supply and demand of crude oil can affect retail gasoline prices in various parts of the country. It does this by exploring 3 recent gasoline price spikes: Spring 2001, March 2003, and August 2003. The presentation compares and contrasts these price spikes in order to give the audience an understanding of the various reasons behind gasoline price increases.

Information Center

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

443

SHINE VACUUM PUMP TEST VERIFICATION  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Normetex pumps used world-wide for tritium service are no longer available. DOE and other researchers worldwide have spent significant funds characterizing this pump. Identification of alternate pumps is required for performance and compatibility with tritium gas. Many of the pumps that could be used to meet the functional performance requirements (e.g. pressure and flow conditions) of the Normetex pump have features that include the use of polymers or oils and greases that are not directly compatible with tritium service. This study assembles a test system to determine the flow characteristics for candidate alternate pumps. These tests are critical to the movement of tritium through the SHINE Tritium Purification System (TPS). The purpose of the pump testing is two-fold: (1) obtain baseline vacuum pump characteristics for an alternate (i.e. ?Normetex replacement?) pump intended for use in tritium service; and (2) verify that low pressure hydrogen gas can be transported over distances up to 300 feet by the candidate pumps. Flow rates and nominal system pressures have been identified for the SHINE Mo-99 production process Tritium Purification System (TPS). To minimize the line sizes for the transfer of low pressure tritium from the Neutron Driver Accelerator System (NDAS) to the primary processing systems in the TPS, a ?booster? pump has been located near the accelerator in the design. A series of pump tests were performed at various configurations using hydrogen gas (no tritium) to ensure that this concept is practical and maintains adequate flow rates and required pressures. This report summarizes the results of the tests that have been performed using various pump configurations. The current design of the Tritium Purification System requires the ?booster? pump to discharge to or to be backed by another vacuum pump. Since Normetex pumps are no longer manufactured, a commercially available Edwards scroll pump will be used to back the booster pump. In this case the ?booster pump? is an Adixen Molecular Drag Pump (MDP 5011) and the backing pump is an Edwards (nXDS15iC) scroll pump. Various configurations of the two pumps and associated lengths of ? inch tubing (0 feet to 300 feet) were used in combination with hydrogen and nitrogen flow rates ranging from 25-400 standard cubic centimeters per minute (sccm) to determine whether the proposed pump configuration meets the design criteria for SHINE. The results of this study indicate that even under the most severe conditions (300 feet of tubing and 400 sccm flow rate) the Adixen 5011 MDP can serve as a booster pump to transport gases from the accelerator (NDAS) to the TPS. The Target Gas Receiving System pump (Edwards nXDS15iC) located approximately 300 feet from the accelerator can effectively back the Adixen MDP. The molecular drag pump was able to maintain its full rotational speed even when the flow rate was 400 sccm hydrogen or nitrogen and 300 feet of tubing was installed between the drag pump and the Edwards scroll pump. In addition to maintaining adequate rotation, the pressure in the system was maintained below the target pressure of 30 torr for all flow rates, lengths of tubing, and process gases. This configuration is therefore adequate to meet the SHINE design requirements in terms of flow and pressure.

Morgan, G.; Peters, B.

2013-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

444

Residential gas heat pump assessment: A market-based approach  

SciTech Connect

There has been considerable activity in recent years to develop technologies that could reduce or levelize residential and light-commercial building space cooling electrical use and heating/cooling energy use. For example, variable or multi-speed electric heat pumps, electric ground-source heat pumps, dual-fuel heat pumps, multi-function heat pumps, and electric cool storage concepts have been developed; and several types of gas heat pumps are emerging. A residential gas heat pump (GHP) benefits assessment is performed to assist gas utility and equipment manufacturer decision making on level of commitment to this technology. The methodology and generic types of results that can be generated are described. National market share is estimated using a market segmentation approach. The assessment design requires dividing the 334 Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAS) of the US into 42 market segments of relatively homogeneous weather and gas/electric rates (14 climate groupings by 3 rate groupings). Gas and electric rates for each MSA are evaluated to arrive at population-weighted rates for the market segments. GHPs are competed against 14 conventional equipment options in each homogeneous segment.

Hughes, P.J.

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Pump Systems Optimization: Energy Efficiency  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Pump Systems Pump Systems Optimization: Energy Efficiency and Bottom-Line Savings Host this one-day course to help participants learn how to identify and reduce hidden operation and energy costs. Participants will: * Identify energy savings * Increase profitability * Increase reliability * Earn seven PDH credits Attendees of the "Pump Systems Optimization" one-day course will gain valuable new skills to help them improve centrifugal pump system efficiency to reduce energy and operating costs while earning seven professional development hour (PDH) credits from the Hydraulic Institute. Topics covered include:* * Why Efficient Pump Systems Are Important

446

Dual valve well pump installation  

SciTech Connect

A reciprocating electric motor-pump assembly for lifting well fluid on downstroke of the motor pump assembly, the pump including a barrel below the motor having dual combined inlet and outlet valve means at the lower end thereof, the pump piston moving in the barrel having annular grooves therearound to prevent differential pressure sticking, the electric cable supplying the electric motor being tubular to vent the pump and prevent vacuum or gas lock, there being a packer about the valve barrel separating the outlet valve means thereabove from the inlet valve means therebelow and a packer above the motor about a production tubing including an upper standing valve.

Holm, D. R.

1985-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

447

Save by absorption heat pumping  

SciTech Connect

The author compares absorption heat pumping (AHP) to mechanical vapor compressor (MVC) heat pumping. The moving part of the AHP is a pump easy to maintain and inexpensive to spare. The mechanical component of the MVC is a vapor compressor which requires more maintenance and is cost-prohibitive to spare. Also, in the MVC system, a purified product stream is heat pumped in an open compressor, thus risking product contamination. In the AHP system, the cold and hot utilities are heat pumped. Therefore, product integrity with an AHP system is well protected as in a conventional fractionation column.

Davidson, W.F.; Campagne, W.V.L.

1987-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Research on the Applicability of Solar Energy-Ground Source Heat Pump in Different Regions of China  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The development potential of solar energy resource, cLimatic characteristics and soil temperature conditions are various in different areas of China, which brings some difficulties in the promotion and appLication of solar energy-ground source heat pump ... Keywords: Solar energy-ground source heat pump (GSHP), Solar radiation, Sharacteristics of soil thermal storage, Geographic features

Dongyi Zhou; Chu-ping Shi; Wen-hua Yuan

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Commercial Reference Building: Stand-alone Retail | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Stand-alone Retail Stand-alone Retail Dataset Summary Description Commercial reference buildings provide complete descriptions for whole building energy analysis using EnergyPlus simulation software. Included here is data pertaining to the reference building type Stand-alone Retail for each of the 16 climate zones, and each of three construction categories: new construction, post-1980 construction existing buildings, pre-1980 construction existing buildings.The dataset includes four key components: building summary, zone summary, location summary and a picture. Building summary includes details about: form, fabric, and HVAC. Zone summary includes details such as: area, volume, lighting, and occupants for all types of zones in the building. Location summary includes key building information as it pertains to each climate zone, including: fabric and HVAC details, utility costs, energy end use, and peak energy demand.In total, DOE developed 16 reference building types that represent approximately 70% of commercial buildings in the U.S.; for each type, building models are available for each of the three construction categories. The commercial reference buildings (formerly known as commercial building benchmark models) were developed by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), in conjunction with three of its national laboratories.Additional data is available directly from DOE's Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE) Website, including EnergyPlus software input files (.idf) and results of the EnergyPlus simulations (.html).

450

Hydrogen Storage  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Objectives - Develop and verify: On-board hydrogen storage systems achieving: 1.5 kWhkg (4.5 wt%), 1.2 kWhL, and 6kWh by 2005 2 kWhkg (6 wt%), 1.5 kWhL, and 4kWh by...

451

SUPERCONDUCTING MAGNETIC ENERGY STORAGE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Scale Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage Plant", IEEEfor SlIperconducting Magnetic Energy Storage Unit", inSuperconducting Magnetic Energy Storage Plant, Advances in

Hassenzahl, W.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

SUPERCONDUCTING MAGNETIC ENERGY STORAGE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Superconducting 30-MJ Energy Storage Coil", Proc. 19 80 ASC,Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage Plant", IEEE Trans.SlIperconducting Magnetic Energy Storage Unit", in Advances

Hassenzahl, W.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

AQUIFER THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

aquifers for thermal energy storage. Problems outlined aboveModeling of Thermal Energy Storage in Aquifers," Proceed-ings of Aquifer Thermal Energy Storage Workshop, Lawrence

Tsang, C.-F.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Storage | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Usage Storage Storage Energy storage isnt just for AA batteries. Thanks to investments from the Energy Department's Advanced Research...

455

AQUIFER THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

using aquifers for thermal energy storage. Problems outlinedmatical Modeling of Thermal Energy Storage in Aquifers,"Proceed- ings of Aquifer Thermal Energy Storage Workshop,

Tsang, C.-F.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

FCT Hydrogen Storage: Contacts  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Contacts to someone by E-mail Share FCT Hydrogen Storage: Contacts on Facebook Tweet about FCT Hydrogen Storage: Contacts on Twitter Bookmark FCT Hydrogen Storage: Contacts on...

457

Water displacement mercury pump  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A water displacement mercury pump has a fluid inlet conduit and diffuser, a valve, a pressure cannister, and a fluid outlet conduit. The valve has a valve head which seats in an opening in the cannister. The entire assembly is readily insertable into a process vessel which produces mercury as a product. As the mercury settles, it flows into the opening in the cannister displacing lighter material. When the valve is in a closed position, the pressure cannister is sealed except for the fluid inlet conduit and the fluid outlet conduit. Introduction of a lighter fluid into the cannister will act to displace a heavier fluid from the cannister via the fluid outlet conduit. The entire pump assembly penetrates only a top wall of the process vessel, and not the sides or the bottom wall of the process vessel. This insures a leak-proof environment and is especially suitable for processing of hazardous materials.

Nielsen, Marshall G. (Woodside, CA)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Water displacement mercury pump  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A water displacement mercury pump has a fluid inlet conduit and diffuser, a valve, a pressure cannister, and a fluid outlet conduit. The valve has a valve head which seats in an opening in the cannister. The entire assembly is readily insertable into a process vessel which produces mercury as a product. As the mercury settles, it flows into the opening in the cannister displacing lighter material. When the valve is in a closed position, the pressure cannister is sealed except for the fluid inlet conduit and the fluid outlet conduit. Introduction of a lighter fluid into the cannister will act to displace a heavier fluid from the cannister via the fluid outlet conduit. The entire pump assembly penetrates only a top wall of the process vessel, and not the sides or the bottom wall of the process vessel. This insures a leak-proof environment and is especially suitable for processing of hazardous materials.

Nielsen, M.G.

1984-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

459

Fusion reactor pumped laser  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A nuclear pumped laser capable of producing long pulses of very high power laser radiation is provided. A toroidal fusion reactor provides energetic neutrons which are slowed down by a moderator. The moderated neutrons are converted to energetic particles capable of pumping a lasing medium. The lasing medium is housed in an annular cell surrounding the reactor. The cell includes an annular reflecting mirror at the bottom and an annular output window at the top. A neutron reflector is disposed around the cell to reflect escaping neutrons back into the cell. The laser radiation from the annular window is focused onto a beam compactor which generates a single coherent output laser beam. 10 figs.

Jassby, D.L.

1987-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

460

Multiple source heat pump  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A heat pump apparatus for conditioning a fluid characterized by a fluid handler and path for circulating a fluid in heat exchange relationship with a refrigerant fluid, at least three refrigerant heat exchangers, one for effecting heat exchange with the fluid, a second for effecting heat exchange with a heat exchange fluid, and a third for effecting heat exchange with ambient air; a compressor for compressing the refrigerant; at least one throttling valve connected at the inlet side of a heat exchanger in which liquid refrigerant is vaporized; a refrigerant circuit; refrigerant; a source of heat exchange fluid; heat exchange fluid circuit and pump for circulating the heat exchange fluid in heat exchange relationship with the refrigerant; and valves or switches for selecting the heat exchangers and directional flow of refrigerant therethrough for selecting a particular mode of operation. Also disclosed are a variety of embodiments, modes of operation, and schematics therefor.

Ecker, Amir L. (Duncanville, TX)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retail pump storage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Hydride heat pump  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Method and apparatus for the use of hydrides to exhaust heat from one temperature source and deliver the thermal energy extracted for use at a higher temperature, thereby acting as a heat pump. For this purpose there are employed a pair of hydridable metal compounds having different characteristics working together in a closed pressure system employing a high temperature source to upgrade the heat supplied from a low temperature source.

Cottingham, James G. (Center Moriches, NY)

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Thermally activated heat pumps  

SciTech Connect

This article describes research to develop efficient gas-fired heat pumps heat and cool buildings without CFCs. Space heating and cooling use 46% of all energy consumed in US buildings. Air-conditioning is the single leading cause of peak demand for electricity and is a major user of chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs). Advanced energy conversion technology can save 50% of this energy and eliminate CFCs completely. Besides saving energy, advanced systems substantially reduce emissions of carbon dioxide (a greenhouse gas), sulfur dioxide, and nitrogen oxides, which contribute to smog and acid rain. These emissions result from the burning of fossil fuels used to generate electricity. The Office of Building Technologies (OBT) of the US Department of Energy supports private industry`s efforts to improve energy efficiency and increase the use of renewable energy in buildings. To help industry, OBT, through the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, is currently working on thermally activated heat pumps. OBT has selected the following absorption heat pump systems to develop: generator-absorber heat-exchange (GAX) cycle for heating-dominated applications in residential and light commercial buildings; double-condenser-coupled (DCC) cycle for commercial buildings. In addition, OBT is developing computer-aided design software for investigating the absorption cycle.

NONE

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

Applied research on energy storage and conversion for photovoltaic and wind energy systems. Volume I. Study summary and concept screening. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This study was directed at a review of storage technologies, and particularly those which might be best suited for use in conjunction with wind and photovoltaics. The potential ''worth'' added by incorporating storage was extensively analyzed for both wind and photovoltaics. Energy storage concepts studied include (1) above ground pumped hydro storage, (2) underground pumped hydro storage, (3) thermal storage-oil, (4) thermal storage-steam, (5) underground compressed air storage, (6) pneumatic storage, (7) lead-acid batteries, (8) advanced batteries, (9) inertial storage (flywheel), (10) hydrogen generation and storage, and (11) superconducting magnetic energy storage. The investigations performed and the major results, conclusions, and recommendations are presented in this volume. (WHK)

Not Available

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

Life cycle assessment of a pumped storage power plant.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? Wind and solar power plants are gaining increasing attention due to low green house gas emissions associated with electricity generation. The installed capacity of… (more)

Torres, Octavio

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Retail Price Changes Lag Spot Prices - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

This effect can explain some of the seemingly anomalous behavior of retail prices in relation to wholesale. ... Also, many have claimed that gasoline prices rise ...

466

Sweetener Market Data Historical Deliveries by Use - Retail | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Retail Retail Agriculture Community Menu DATA APPS EVENTS DEVELOPER STATISTICS COLLABORATE ABOUT Agriculture You are here Data.gov » Communities » Agriculture » Data Sweetener Market Data Historical Deliveries by Use - Retail Dataset Summary Description Sweetener Market Data (SMD) report - beet and cane processors and cane refiners in the U.S. are required by the FAIR Act of 1996, as amended, to report data on physical quantities delivered by use for "Retail Grocers and Chain Stores" on a monthly basis. Quantities are reported by region. Regions include: "New England", "Mid Atlantic", "North Central", "South", "West" and "Puerto Rico". Tags {sweetener,beet,cane,"sweetener processor","sweetener refiner","sweetener production "}

467

The Impact of Retail Rate Structures on the Economics of Commercial Photovoltaic Systems in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

say that, among commercial electricity rates in California,to optimize their electricity rate both before and after PVcompared to retail electricity rates. The importance of

Wiser, Ryan; Mills, Andrew; Barbose, Galen; Golove, William

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Refiner Retail Price of No. 4 Fuel Oil - U.S. Energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

History; U.S. W: W : W : W ... Alabama-- - - - - 1994-2012: Arkansas-- ... Retail prices and Prime Supplier sales values shown for the current month ...

469

The impact of retail rate structures on the economics of commercial photovoltaic systems in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

How Effective State Net Metering Laws Can Revolutionalizebe of importance. The value of net metering is found to beRetail rate design, Net metering Introduction The solar

Mills, Andrew D.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Edgeworth Price Cycles, Cost-based Pricing and Sticky Pricing in Retail Gasoline Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Asymmetrically to Crude Oil Price Changes? ”, QuarterlyS. , A. Shepard. “Sticky Prices, Inventories, and MarketGas Wars: Retail Gasoline Price Fluctua- tions”, Review of

Noel, Michael

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

The determinants of the governance of air conditioning maintenance in Australian retail centres.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Retail centres are a visible sign of developed capitalist societies and make an appreciable contribution to these economies. For the firms involved in supplying air… (more)

Bridge, Adrian J.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Figure 10. U.S. Average Retail Regular Motor Gasoline and ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Average Retail Regular Motor Gasoline and On-Highway Diesel Fuel Prices, January 2013 to Present ... Including Taxes) Title: Weekly Petroleum ...

473

The Impact of Retail Rate Structures on the Economics of Commercial Photovoltaic Systems in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We compute the annual electricity bill savings that would bebasic results on the electricity bill-savings value ofbill savings across 20 commercial-customer retail electricity

Mills, Andrew

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

The impact of retail rate structures on the economics of commercial photovoltaic systems in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We compute the annual electricity bill savings that would bebasic results on the electricity bill-savings value ofbill savings across 20 commercial-customer retail electricity

Mills, Andrew D.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Retail Price of Propane (Consumer Grade) - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Retail prices and Prime ...

476

Energy Storage  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Daniel R. Borneo, PE Daniel R. Borneo, PE Sandia National Laboratories September 27, 2007 San Francisco, CA PEER REVIEW 2007 DOE(SNL)/CEC Energy Storage Program FYO7 Projects Sandia is a multiprogram laboratory operated by Sandia Corporation, a Lockheed Martin Company, for the United States Department of Energy under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000. 2 Presentation Outline * DOE(SNL)/CEC Collaboration - Background of DOE(SNL)/CEC Collaboration - FY07 Project Review * Zinc Bromine Battery (ZBB) Demonstration * Palmdale Super capacitor Demonstration * Sacramento Municipal Utility District (SMUD) Regional Transit (RT) Super capacitor demonstration * Beacon Flywheel Energy Storage System (FESS) 3 Background of DOE(SNL)/CEC Collaboration * Memorandum of Understanding Between CEC and DOE (SNL). - In Place since 2004

477

Energy Storage  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Development Concept Development Concept Nitrogen-Air Battery F.M. Delnick, D. Ingersoll, K.Waldrip Sandia National Laboratories Albuquerque, NM presented to U.S. DOE Energy Storage Systems Research Program Washington, DC November 2-4, 2010 Sandia National Laboratories is a multi-program laboratory operated by Sandia Corporation, a wholly owned subsidiary of Lockheed Martin company, for the U.S. Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000. Funded by the Energy Storage Systems Program of the U.S. Department Of Energy through Sandia National Laboratories Full Air Breathing Battery Concept * Concept is to use O 2 and N 2 as the electrodes in a battery * Novel because N 2 is considered inert * Our group routinely reacts N 2 electrochemically

478

NETL: Carbon Storage  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Carbon Sequestration Partnerships Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnership (RCSP) Programmatic Points of Contact Carbon Storage Program Infrastructure Coordinator Carbon Storage...

479

Ground-coupled heat pump systems: a pumping analysis.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Ground-coupled heat pump (GCHP) systems use the ground as a heat source or sink that absorbs heat from or rejects heat to the soil, respectively;… (more)

Mays, Cristin Jean

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Heat recovery and thermal storage : a study of the Massachusetts State Transportation Building  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A study of the energy system at the Massachusetts State Transportation Building was conducted. This innovative energy system utilizes internal-source heat pumps and a water thermal storage system to provide building heating ...

Bjorklund, Abbe Ellen

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retail pump storage" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Phase Change Materials for Thermal Energy Storage in Concentrated Solar Thermal Power Plants  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

demonstrated how well a molten salt thermal storage systembased CSP plant. Cold molten salt is pumped from a largetemperature and send to a hot molten salt tank. Salt is then

Hardin, Corey Lee

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

Application-storage discovery  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Discovering application dependency on data and storage is a key prerequisite for many storage optimization tasks such as data assignment to storage tiers, storage consolidation, virtualization, and handling unused data. However, in the real world these ... Keywords: enterprise storage, experimental evaluation, storage discovery

Nikolai Joukov; Birgit Pfitzmann; HariGovind V. Ramasamy; Murthy V. Devarakonda

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Heat pump arrangement  

SciTech Connect

The invention concerns a heat pump arrangement for heating of houses. The arrangement comprises a compressor, a condensor and a vaporizer, which is a part of an icing machine. The vaporizer is designed as a heat exchanger and is connected to a circulation system comprising an accumulator, to which the ice slush from the icing machine is delivered. Water from the accumulator is delivered to the icing machine. The water in the accumulator can be heated E.G. By means of a solar energy collector, the outdoor air etc. Surface water or waste water from the household can be delivered to the accumulator and replace the ice slush therein.

Abrahamsson, T.; Hansson, K.

1981-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

484

Absorption heat pump system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improvement in an absorption heat pump cycle is obtained by adding adiabatic absorption and desorption steps to the absorber and desorber of the system. The adiabatic processes make it possible to obtain the highest temperature in the absorber before any heat is removed from it and the lowest temperature in the desorber before heat is added to it, allowing for efficient utilization of the thermodynamic availability of the heat supply stream. The improved system can operate with a larger difference between high and low working fluid concentrations, less circulation losses, and more efficient heat exchange than a conventional system.

Grossman, Gershon (Oak Ridge, TN); Perez-Blanco, Horacio (Knoxville, TN)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

CRBR pump water test experience  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The hydraulic design features and water testing of the hydraulic scale model and prototype pump of the sodium pumps used in the primary and intermediate sodium loops of the Clinch River Breeder Reactor Plant (CRBRP) are described. The Hydraulic Scale Model tests are performed and the results of these tests are discussed. The Prototype Pump tests are performed and the results of these tests are discussed.

Cook, M.E.; Huber, K.A.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Microhydropower Turbines, Pumps, and Waterwheels  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

A microhydropower system needs a turbine, pump, or waterwheel to transform the energy of flowing water into rotational energy, which is then converted into electricity.

487

Heat Pumps | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

existing heat contained within the earth -- a clean, reliable, and renewable source of energy. In moderate climates, heat pumps can be an energy-efficient alternative to furnaces...

488

Geothermal heat pump analysis article  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

heat pump transfers heat from the ground or ground water to provide space heating. In the summer, the heat transfer process is reversed; the ground or groundwater

489

Heat pump apparatus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A heat pump apparatus including a compact arrangement of individual tubular reactors containing hydride-dehydride beds in opposite end sections, each pair of beds in each reactor being operable by sequential and coordinated treatment with a plurality of heat transfer fluids in a plurality of processing stages, and first and second valves located adjacent the reactor end sections with rotatable members having multiple ports and associated portions for separating the hydride beds at each of the end sections into groups and for simultaneously directing a plurality of heat transfer fluids to the different groups. As heat is being generated by a group of beds, others are being regenerated so that heat is continuously available for space heating. As each of the processing stages is completed for a hydride bed or group of beds, each valve member is rotated causing the heat transfer fluid for the heat processing stage to be directed to that bed or group of beds. Each of the end sections are arranged to form a closed perimeter and the valve member may be rotated repeatedly about the perimeter to provide a continuous operation. Both valves are driven by a common motor to provide a coordinated treatment of beds in the same reactors. The heat pump apparatus is particularly suitable for the utilization of thermal energy supplied by solar collectors and concentrators but may be used with any source of heat, including a source of low-grade heat.

Nelson, Paul A. (Wheaton, IL); Horowitz, Jeffrey S. (Woodridge, IL)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Microsoft Word - HZEB_Retail_InterimReport_Final.docx  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

! ! ! Healthy!Zero!Energy!Buildings!(HZEB)!Program-! ! ! Interim!Report!on!Cross"Sectional!Study!of!Contaminant!! ! ! Levels,!Source!Strengths,!and!Ventilation!Rates!in!Retail!Stores! ! ! ! ! Wanyu!R.!Chan,!Meera!Sidheswaran,!Douglas!Sullivan,!! ! ! Sebastian!Cohn,!William!J.!Fisk!! ! ! ! Environmental!Energy!Technologies!Division! ! ! Indoor!Environment!Group! ! ! Lawrence!Berkeley!National!Laboratory! ! ! Berkeley,!CA!94720! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! November!5,!2012! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! The!research!reported!here!was!supported!by!the!California!Energy!Commission! ! ! Public!Interest!Energy!Research!Program,!Energy"Related!Environmental!! ! ! Research!Program,!award!number!500"09"049.!!The!project!was!also!supported! ! ! by!the!U.S.!Dept.!of!Energy!Building!Technologies!Program,!Office!of!Energy!

491

Tracking Market Transitions: Retail Customers and Energy Competition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

U.S. electricity markets have been transitioning in an uneven, but accelerating pace toward competition. Enough experience with competition exists by now to begin to draw from lessons learned. This report summarizes key trends observed in U.S. competitive energy markets to-date, and suggests several trends that are likely to emerge in the near future. Among some of the most important trends observed are the declining number of retail mass-market energy service providers, and the relative lack of differen...

1999-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

492

LMR (liquid metal reactor) centrifugal pump coastdowns  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A centrifugal pump model which describes the interrelationships of the pump discharge flowrate, pump speed, shaft torque and dynamic head has been implemented based upon existing models. Specifically, the pump model is based upon the dimensionless-homologous pump theory of Wylie and Streeter. Given data from a representative pump, homologous theory allows one to predict the transient characteristics of similarly sized pumps. This homologous pump model has been implemented into both the one-dimensional SASSYS-1 systems analysis code and the three-dimensional COMMIX-1A code. Comparisons have been made both against other pump models (CRBR) and actual pump coastdown data (EBR-II and FFTF). Agreement with this homologous pump model has been excellent. Additionally, these comparisons indicate the validity of applying the medium size pump data of Wylie and Streeter to a range of typical LMR centrifugal pumps.

Dunn, F.E.; Malloy, D.J.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Work plan, AP-102 mixer pump removal and pump replacement  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objective of this work plan is to plan the steps and estimate the costs required to remove the failed AP-102 mixer pump, and to plan and estimate the cost of the necessary design and specification work required to order a new, but modified, mixer pump including the pump and pump pit energy absorbing design. The main hardware required for the removal of the mixer is as follows: a flexible receiver and blast shield; a metal container for the pulled mixer pump; and a trailer and strongback to haul and manipulate the container. Additionally: a gamma scanning device will be needed to detect the radioactivity emanating from the mixer as it is pulled from the tank; a water spray system will be required to remove tank waste from the surface of the mixer as it is pulled from the AP-102 tank; and a lifting yoke to lift the mixer from the pump pit (the SY-101 Mixer Lifting Yoke will be used). A ``green house`` will have to be erected over the AP-102 pump pit and an experienced Hoisting and Rigging crew must be assembled and trained in mixer pump removal methods before the actual removal is undertaken.

Jimenez, R.F.

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Gas storage materials, including hydrogen storage materials  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A material for the storage and release of gases comprises a plurality of hollow elements, each hollow element comprising a porous wall enclosing an interior cavity, the interior cavity including structures of a solid-state storage material. In particular examples, the storage material is a hydrogen storage material such as a solid state hydride. An improved method for forming such materials includes the solution diffusion of a storage material solution through a porous wall of a hollow element into an interior cavity.

Mohtadi, Rana F; Wicks, George G; Heung, Leung K; Nakamura, Kenji

2013-02-19T23:59:59.000Z

495

Characterization and assessment of novel bulk storage technologies : a study for the DOE Energy Storage Systems program.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper reports the results of a high-level study to assess the technological readiness and technical and economic feasibility of 17 novel bulk energy storage technologies. The novel technologies assessed were variations of either pumped storage hydropower (PSH) or compressed air energy storage (CAES). The report also identifies major technological gaps and barriers to the commercialization of each technology. Recommendations as to where future R&D efforts for the various technologies are also provided based on each technology's technological readiness and the expected time to commercialization (short, medium, or long term). The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) commissioned this assessment of novel concepts in large-scale energy storage to aid in future program planning of its Energy Storage Program. The intent of the study is to determine if any new but still unproven bulk energy storage concepts merit government support to investigate their technical and economic feasibility or to speed their commercialization. The study focuses on compressed air energy storage (CAES) and pumped storage hydropower (PSH). It identifies relevant applications for bulk storage, defines the associated technical requirements, characterizes and assesses the feasibility of the proposed new concepts to address these requirements, identifies gaps and barriers, and recommends the type of government support and research and development (R&D) needed to accelerate the commercialization of these technologies.

Huff, Georgianne; Tong, Nellie (KEMA Consulting, Fairfax, VA); Fioravanti, Richard (KEMA Consulting, Fairfax, VA); Gordon, Paul (Sentech/SRA International, Bethesda, MD); Markel, Larry (Sentech/SRA International, Bethesda, MD); Agrawal, Poonum (Sentech/SRA International, Bethesda, MD); Nourai, Ali (KEMA Consulting, Fairfax, VA)

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

Comparison of energy storage systems in the United States chilled water versus two types of ice storage systems  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Current US production non-storage heat pumps are compared to heat pumps using stored hot water and stored chilled water and to heat pumps using ice-on-coils as a means of using latent heat of fusion of water as a heat source. This equipment is also used as a means of stored cooling for air conditioning during hot weather. An ice-making heat pump which harvests ice as sheets of ice 3 to 4 times per hour and stores the ice in a large inexpensive bin is discussed. The advantages of such an ice-making heat pump to heat in cold weather and cool in hot weather is discussed as it relates to Electric Utility load management in different parts of the United States.

Fischer, H.C.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

497

The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose this week The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to 3.93 a gallon on Monday. That's up 2 ...

498

E85 Retail Business Case: When and Why to Sell E85 (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

Agenda: {lg_bullet} Convey current state of the retail gasoline market {lg_bullet} Explore E85 as part of the solution {lg_bullet} Test the profitability of E85 as an investment {lg_bullet} Give retailers guidance to assess if E85 would be a good investment for them

Johnson, C.

2007-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

499

Enhancing the 'second-hand' retail experience with digital object memories  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For a long time, the second-hand retail market was the preserve of the charity shop. However, the advent of services like eBay has massively increased its prominence. In this paper we describe a novel Internet of Things-based approach to enhancing the ... Keywords: RFID, digital object memory, internet of things, second-hand retail

Martin de Jode; Ralph Barthel; Jon Rogers; Angelina Karpovich; Andrew Hudson-Smith; Michael Quigley; Chris Speed

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

500

E-BUSINESS FOR THE ELECTRICITY RETAIL MARKET A Business to Client perspective  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

E-BUSINESS FOR THE ELECTRICITY RETAIL MARKET A Business to Client perspective Victor Santos ISCAC - 290 Coimbra, Portugal Email: amartins@deec.uc.pt Keywords: Electrical retail, e-Business, B2B, B2C, real time price. Abstract: In the new deregulated market of the electricity industry the communication

Monteiro, Edmundo