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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retail outlets petrochemical" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Price of Motor Gasoline Through Retail Outlets  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Prices, Sales Volumes & Stocks by State Prices, Sales Volumes & Stocks by State (Dollars per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Data Series: Retail Price - Motor Gasoline Retail Price - Regular Gasoline Retail Price - Midgrade Gasoline Retail Price - Premium Gasoline Retail Price - Aviation Gasoline Retail Price - Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Retail Price - Propane Retail Price - Kerosene Retail Price - No. 1 Distillate Retail Price - No. 2 Distillate Retail Price - No. 2 Fuel Oil Retail Price - No. 2 Diesel Fuel Retail Price - No. 4 Fuel Oil Prime Supplier Sales - Motor Gasoline Prime Supplier Sales - Regular Gasoline Prime Supplier Sales - Midgrade Gasoline Prime Supplier Sales - Premium Gasoline Prime Supplier Sales - Aviation Gasoline Prime Supplier Sales - Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Prime Supplier Sales - Propane (Consumer Grade) Prime Supplier Sales - Kerosene Prime Supplier Sales - No. 1 Distillate Prime Supplier Sales - No. 2 Distillate Prime Supplier Sales - No. 2 Fuel Oil Prime Supplier Sales - No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prime Supplier Sales - No. 4 Fuel Oil Prime Supplier Sales - Residual Fuel Oil Stocks - Finished Motor Gasoline Stocks - Reformulated Gasoline Stocks - Conventional Gasoline Stocks - Motor Gasoline Blending Components Stocks - Kerosene Stocks - Distillate Fuel Oil Stocks - Distillate F.O., 15 ppm and under Sulfur Stocks - Distillate F.O., Greater than 15 to 500 ppm Sulfur Stocks - Distillate F.O., Greater 500 ppm Sulfur Stocks - Residual Fuel Oil Stocks - Propane/Propylene Period: Monthly Annual

2

Petrochemicals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An account of the chemistry and industry of petrochemicals. Organized around three basic petrochemical processes-cracking, catalytic reforming, and steam reforming-this text presents a picture of the relationship between the petrochemical industry and the oil industry, and outlines the overall technological structure of the petrochemical industry. Data on annual capacities is given.

Wiseman, P.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Massachusetts Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

EIA continued to collect LSD prices from retail outlets and included them in the Diesel Average All Types price until July 26, 2010, when no more outlets reported LSD ...

4

San Francisco Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

EIA continued to collect LSD prices from retail outlets and included them in the Diesel Average All Types price until July 26, 2010, when no more outlets reported LSD ...

5

Cleveland Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

EIA continued to collect LSD prices from retail outlets and included them in the Diesel Average All Types price until July 26, 2010, when no more outlets reported LSD ...

6

Chicago Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

EIA continued to collect LSD prices from retail outlets and included them in the Diesel Average All Types price until July 26, 2010, when no more outlets reported LSD ...

7

Washington Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

EIA continued to collect LSD prices from retail outlets and included them in the Diesel Average All Types price until July 26, 2010, when no more outlets reported LSD ...

8

Colorado Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

EIA continued to collect LSD prices from retail outlets and included them in the Diesel Average All Types price until July 26, 2010, when no more outlets reported LSD ...

9

New York Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

EIA continued to collect LSD prices from retail outlets and included them in the Diesel Average All Types price until July 26, 2010, when no more outlets reported LSD ...

10

Minnesota Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

EIA continued to collect LSD prices from retail outlets and included them in the Diesel Average All Types price until July 26, 2010, when no more outlets reported LSD ...

11

Houston Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

EIA continued to collect LSD prices from retail outlets and included them in the Diesel Average All Types price until July 26, 2010, when no more outlets reported LSD ...

12

Florida Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

EIA continued to collect LSD prices from retail outlets and included them in the Diesel Average All Types price until July 26, 2010, when no more outlets reported LSD ...

13

Seattle Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

EIA continued to collect LSD prices from retail outlets and included them in the Diesel Average All Types price until July 26, 2010, when no more outlets reported LSD ...

14

Los Angeles Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

EIA continued to collect LSD prices from retail outlets and included them in the Diesel Average All Types price until July 26, 2010, when no more outlets reported LSD ...

15

Denver Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

EIA continued to collect LSD prices from retail outlets and included them in the Diesel Average All Types price until July 26, 2010, when no more outlets reported LSD ...

16

Midwest (PADD 2) Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

EIA continued to collect LSD prices from retail outlets and included them in the Diesel Average All Types price until July 26, 2010, when no more outlets reported LSD ...

17

New England (PADD 1A) Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

EIA continued to collect LSD prices from retail outlets and included them in the Diesel Average All Types price until July 26, 2010, when no more outlets reported LSD ...

18

Lower Atlantic (PADD 1C) Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

EIA continued to collect LSD prices from retail outlets and included them in the Diesel Average All Types price until July 26, 2010, when no more outlets reported LSD ...

19

Central Atlantic (PADD 1B) Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

EIA continued to collect LSD prices from retail outlets and included them in the Diesel Average All Types price until July 26, 2010, when no more outlets reported LSD ...

20

Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

EIA continued to collect LSD prices from retail outlets and included them in the Diesel Average All Types price until July 26, 2010, when no more outlets reported LSD ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retail outlets petrochemical" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

U.S. Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

EIA continued to collect LSD prices from retail outlets and included them in the Diesel Average All Types price until July 26, 2010, when no more outlets reported LSD ...

22

Motor Gasoline Sales Through Retail Outlets Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

41 2.773 1.894 2.319 - - 1984-2012 41 2.773 1.894 2.319 - - 1984-2012 East Coast (PADD 1) 2.305 2.782 1.879 2.300 - - 1984-2012 New England (PADD 1A) 2.368 2.822 1.960 2.377 - - 1984-2012 Connecticut 2.388 2.808 1.943 2.422 - - 1984-2012 Maine 2.384 2.846 1.984 2.360 - - 1984-2012 Massachusetts 2.367 2.822 1.970 2.360 - - 1984-2012 New Hampshire 2.348 2.818 1.945 2.376 - - 1984-2012 Rhode Island 2.294 2.730 1.896 2.328 - - 1984-2012 Vermont 2.421 2.929 1.990 2.422 - - 1984-2012 Central Atlantic (PADD 1B) 2.310 2.787 1.900 2.328 - - 1984-2012 Delaware 2.274 2.754 1.872 2.313 - - 1984-2012 District of Columbia W W NA 2.449 - - 1984-2012 Maryland 2.321 2.760 1.882 2.321 - - 1984-2012 New Jersey 2.320 2.824 1.924 2.352 - - 1984-2012

23

No. 2 Distillate Prices - Through Retail Outlets  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

79 3.297 1.953 2.467 - - 1983-2012 79 3.297 1.953 2.467 - - 1983-2012 East Coast (PADD 1) 2.334 3.328 1.955 2.455 - - 1983-2012 New England (PADD 1A) 2.436 3.478 2.067 2.531 - - 1983-2012 Connecticut 2.401 3.419 2.023 2.481 - - 1983-2012 Maine 2.448 3.542 2.099 2.540 - - 1983-2012 Massachusetts 2.459 3.511 2.101 2.588 - - 1983-2012 New Hampshire 2.433 3.401 2.035 2.512 - - 1983-2012 Rhode Island 2.434 3.547 2.066 2.507 - - 1983-2012 Vermont 2.488 3.588 2.152 2.598 - - 1983-2012 Central Atlantic (PADD 1B) 2.340 3.364 1.993 2.488 - - 1983-2012 Delaware 2.381 3.421 1.984 2.488 - - 1983-2012 District of Columbia W W NA 2.513 - - 1983-2012 Maryland 2.373 3.341 1.985 2.485 - - 1983-2012 New Jersey 2.377 3.436 1.986 2.476 - - 1983-2012

24

Motor Gasoline Sales Through Retail Outlets Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Gasoline Prices by Formulation, Grade, ... History; U.S.-----1983-2013: East Coast (PADD 1) ... Alabama-----1983-2013: Arkansas-----

25

PADD 4 Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

EIA continued to collect LSD prices from retail outlets and included them in the Diesel Average All Types price until July 26, 2010, when no more outlets reported LSD ...

26

Denver Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

EIA continued to collect LSD prices from retail outlets and included them in the Diesel Average All Types price until July 26, 2010, when no more outlets reported LSD ...

27

Ohio Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

EIA continued to collect LSD prices from retail outlets and included them in the Diesel Average All Types price until July 26, 2010, when no more outlets reported LSD ...

28

PADD 5 Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

EIA continued to collect LSD prices from retail outlets and included them in the Diesel Average All Types price until July 26, 2010, when no more outlets reported LSD ...

29

Miami Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

EIA continued to collect LSD prices from retail outlets and included them in the Diesel Average All Types price until July 26, 2010, when no more outlets reported LSD ...

30

Boston Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

EIA continued to collect LSD prices from retail outlets and included them in the Diesel Average All Types price until July 26, 2010, when no more outlets reported LSD ...

31

Retail Unbundling  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This special report provides a brief summary of the status of retail unbundling programs (also known as "customer choice" programs) for residential natural gas customers in various States,

Information Center

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Retail Prices for Diesel (On-Highway) - All Types  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Midwest (PADD 2) 3.911: 3.907: 3.871: 3.850: 3.873: 3 ... EIA continued to collect LSD prices from retail outlets and included them in the Diesel Average All Types ...

33

Refinery, petrochemical plant injuries decline  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The National Petroleum Refiners Association (NPRA) reports a 7% reduction in workplace injury and illness incidence rates for refineries in 1993, and a 21% decrease for petrochemical plants. The report summarizes data from 135 of the 162 US member refineries, and 117 of the 172 US member petrochemical plants. This paper summarizes the report findings.

Not Available

1994-07-25T23:59:59.000Z

34

Refiner Prices of Gasoline, All Grades - Through Retail Outlets  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History U.S. 2.349 2.778 1.892 2.306 3.058 3.168 1978-2012 East Coast (PADD 1) 2.303 2.788 1.871 2.291 3.054 3.172 1983-2012 New England (PADD 1A) 2.333 2.805 1.934 2.346 3.109 W 1983-2012 Connecticut W W W 2.340 W W 1983-2012 Maine W W W W W W 1983-2012 Massachusetts 2.335 2.809 1.935 2.350 3.120 W 1983-2012 New Hampshire 2.342 2.845 1.948 2.373 3.060 W 1983-2012 Rhode Island 2.297 2.703 1.890 2.292 W W 1983-2012 Vermont - - - - - - 1983-2012 Central Atlantic (PADD 1B) 2.320 2.820 1.906 2.328 3.094 3.204 1983-2012 Delaware 2.282 2.730 W W W W 1983-2012 District of Columbia - - - - - - 1983-2012 Maryland - - - - - - 1983-2012 New Jersey 2.348 2.852 W 2.368 3.159 W 1983-2012

35

Price of No. 2 Diesel Fuel Through Retail Outlets  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

(Dollars per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Data ... total No. 2 diesel fuel has been eliminated to help ensure that sensitive data reported to EIA by ...

36

Retail Unbundling - Utah  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Utah Retail Unbundling - Utah Status: The State has no unbundled service programs for residential customers. Overview: No retail unbundling program is being considered at this time...

37

Retail Electricity Competition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reliability and Competitive Electricity Markets” mimeo, MITCSEM WP 130 Retail Electricity Competition * Paul Joskow andwww.ucei.org Retail Electricity Competition ? Paul Joskow †

Joskow, Paul; Tirole, Jean

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

From Beijing to Bentonville: Do Multinational Retailers Link Markets? ?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The world’s largest retailers—Walmart, Carrefour, Tesco, and Metro—all entered China after 1995. They established hundreds of stores as well as centers for procuring goods to be sold worldwide. Multinational retailers may affect Chinese exports through two channels. First, they could inform outlets in other countries where they operate about the products offered by local Chinese suppliers, thereby enhancing bilateral exports. Second, they can augment the general capabilities of local suppliers. Chinese city-level exports to all destinations grow following the increase of multinational retailers ’ activities in and near the city, as predicted by the capability hypothesis. JEL classification: F13

Keith Head; Ran Jing; Deborah Swenson

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Retail Unbundling - Maryland  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Retail Unbundling - Maryland. Status: The state has partially implemented comprehensive unbundling programs for its residential gas customers.

40

Retail Unbundling - Pennsylvania  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Regulatory and Legislative Actions on Retail Unbundling Summary: The Pennsylvania General Assembly passed the Natural Gas Choice and Competition Act ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retail outlets petrochemical" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Retail Unbundling - California  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Regulatory and Legislative Actions on Retail Unbundling Summary: The California Public Utilities Commission (PUC) endorsed restructuring in a collaborative ...

42

Retail Unbundling - New York  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Retail Unbundling - New York. Status: The state has comprehensive unbundling programs for its residential gas customers. Overview: Natural gas ...

43

Thai petrochemical boom on track  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports that Thailand continues to mark progress on the ambitious expansion of its petrochemical industry. Among recent developments: The outlook for Thailand's troubled worldscale aromatics project has improved with a major cut in its estimated cost. In addition, the project apparently has drawn the interest of other companies seeking a possible equity stake. Amoco Chemical Co., which lost a tender to build a worldscale purified terephathalic acid (PTA) complex in Thailand to Taiwan's Tuntex Co., is reviving its bid with a proposal similar to its earlier one. Amoco contends there will be enough demand to warrant a second PTA plant in Thailand. Tuntex is negotiating with several business groups to take part in its $333 million, 350,000 ton/year PTA project in Thailand. Tuntex is soliciting interest from a number of Thai companies, including Bangkok Bank and the Saha Union industrial conglomerate to acquire portions of the 51% interest in the project earmarked for Thai shareholders. The firm also is negotiating with a number of Japanese companies with whom it has long trade ties, including Mitsui and Co. and Marubeni Corp. to acquire part of the 49% foreign shareholding in the project. Thai Olefins Co. (TOC) marked further progress with feedstock contracts and financing arrangements for its proposed $720 million olefins plant, part of Thailand's second worldscale petrochemical complex (NPC II). Indian industrial giant Birla proposed a $20 million ethylene glycol (EG) project in Thailand.

1992-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

44

Texas facility treats, recycles refinery, petrochemical wastes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A US Gulf Coast environmental services company is treating refinery and petrochemical plant wastes to universal treatment standards (UTS). DuraTherm Inc.`s recycling center uses thermal desorption to treat a variety of refinery wastes and other hazardous materials. The plant is located in San Leon, Tex., near the major Houston/Texas City refining and petrochemical center. DuraTherm`s customers include major US refining companies, plus petrochemical, terminal, pipeline, transportation, and remediation companies. Examples of typical contaminant concentrations and treatment levels for refinery wastes are shown. The paper discusses thermal desorption, the process description and testing.

NONE

1996-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

45

Analytic prognostic for petrochemical pipelines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pipelines tubes are part of vital mechanical systems largely used in petrochemical industries. They serve to transport natural gases or liquids. They are cylindrical tubes and are submitted to the risks of corrosion due to high PH concentrations of the transported liquids in addition to fatigue cracks due to the alternation of pressure-depression of gas along the time, initiating therefore in the tubes body micro-cracks that can propagate abruptly to lead to failure. The development of the prognostic process for such systems increases largely their performance and their availability, as well decreases the global cost of their missions. Therefore, this paper deals with a new prognostic approach to improve the performance of these pipelines. Only the first mode of crack, that is, the opening mode, is considered.

Abdo Abou Jaoude; Seifedine Kadry; Khaled El-Tawil; Hassan Noura; Mustapha Ouladsine

2012-12-25T23:59:59.000Z

46

Analytic prognostic for petrochemical pipelines  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pipelines tubes are part of vital mechanical systems largely used in petrochemical industries. They serve to transport natural gases or liquids. They are cylindrical tubes and are submitted to the risks of corrosion due to high PH concentrations of the transported liquids in addition to fatigue cracks due to the alternation of pressure-depression of gas along the time, initiating therefore in the tubes body micro-cracks that can propagate abruptly to lead to failure. The development of the prognostic process for such systems increases largely their performance and their availability, as well decreases the global cost of their missions. Therefore, this paper deals with a new prognostic approach to improve the performance of these pipelines. Only the first mode of crack, that is, the opening mode, is considered.

Jaoude, Abdo Abou; El-Tawil, Khaled; Noura, Hassan; Ouladsine, Mustapha

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Arena in the petrochemical operations environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The use of discrete event simulation within Sasol, an international petrochemical company, is fast becoming an important tool for supporting strategic decision-making in the continuous operations environment. Arena models are used specifically to investigate ...

Lorraine Malherbe

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Retail Unbundling - Montana  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Retail Unbundling - Montana. Status: The state has two pilot unbundling programs for residential gas customers. Overview: Two local distribution companies (LDCs) in ...

49

Retail Unbundling - Texas  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Home > Natural Gas > Natural Gas Residential Choice Programs > Texas Retail Unbundling - Texas Status: The State has no active residential customer choice programs, but some...

50

Retail Unbundling - Idaho  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Home > Natural Gas > Natural Gas Residential Choice Programs > Idaho Retail Unbundling - Idaho Status: The State has no unbundled service programs for residential customers....

51

Retail Unbundling - New Mexico  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Retail Unbundling - New Mexico. Status: All residential customers in the state are allowed to choose natural gas suppliers, but no one is participating.

52

Retail Unbundling - Texas  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Retail Unbundling - Texas. Status: The state has no active residential customer choice programs, but some municipalities have formed cooperative arrangements with ...

53

Retail Unbundling - South Dakota  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Home > Natural Gas > Natural Gas Residential Choice Programs > South Dakota Retail Unbundling - South Dakota Status: Some residential customers in the State have access to...

54

Chapter 5. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price of ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

106 U.S. Energy Information Administration/Electric Power Monthly June 2012 Chapter 5. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price of Electricity

55

Retail electricity competition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyze a number of unstudied aspects of retail electricity competition. We first explore the implications of load profiling of consumers whose traditional meters do not allow for measurement of their real time consumption, ...

Joskow, Paul L.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Future of LPG as a petrochemical feedstock  

SciTech Connect

An evaluation is made of probable LPG (primarily propane) supplies and demand factors through 1985. The analysis indicates that because of diminishing domestic supplies and the transportation economics for foreign supplies the petrochemical industry will be forced to convert to the use of naphtha or heavy crude components for ethylene production. (JSR)

Skillern, M.P.

1976-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Retail Unbundling - Ohio - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Retail Unbundling - Ohio. Status: The state has partially implemented comprehensive unbundling programs for its residential customers. Overview: Retail unbundling by ...

58

Global petrochemical industry experiencing cyclic downturn  

SciTech Connect

The current deterioration of the petrochemical industry-particularly in the U.S. and Western Europe-is a cause of great concern to operators and analysts alike. Although the rapidly developing Asian market will continue to be a major factor into the next century, the immediate global outlook is for a weak market. Chem Systems Inc., Tarrytown, N.Y., discussed these issues at its annual petrochemical conference, held Jan. 13-14 in Houston. One of the few optimistic predictions of the meetings gas that the harbingers of the next industry cycle already can be seen in the U.S. economic recovery, and slow-down in new project planning, and a reduction in fixed costs. The paper describes the US market; market structure; the trend toward capacity integration; product forecasts; factors affecting the prices of propylene, aromatics, and benzene; the Asian market (Japan, Korea, Taiwan, China, Asian countries); regional trade; and the European market.

1993-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

59

Failure Analysis Case Studies from Refinery and Petrochemical Pilot ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, A critical step in the development of new refining and petrochemical technologies is ... Failure of Electrical Submersible Pump of Oil Reservoir.

60

Greek petrochemicals finds buyers for plants  

SciTech Connect

Greek Petrochemicals (Athens) has found buyers for two polyethylene (PE) plants it ordered from U.K. contractors 10 years ago and that are currently stored in Manchester. It is understood that Thai Polyethylene (Bangkok) has been selected to acquire the 70,000-m.t./year ICI process low-density PE plant engineered by Simon-Carves. Reliance Industries is in talks to by the 50,000-m.t./year Union Carbide Unipol process high-density PE unit. The plants are to be installed at Map Ta Put, Thailand and Hazira, India, respectively.

Alperowicz, N.

1993-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retail outlets petrochemical" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Retail: Looking for Energy Solutions  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

index for all retail building types. > Set Energy Performance Goals. SPPs use the ENERGY STAR Commercial Building Design Guidance to help you set meaningful goals and...

62

ENERGY STAR Score for Retail Stores  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

100 percentile ranking of performance, relative to the national population. Property Types. The ENERGY STAR score for retail stores applies to retail stores and wholesale...

63

Market Structure Across Retail Formats  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study how market structure within a product category varies across retail formats. Building on the literature on internal market structure, we estimate a joint store and brand choice model where the loading matrix of brand attributes are allowed to ... Keywords: brand maps, heterogeniety, market structure, retail formats

Karsten Hansen; Vishal Singh

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Understanding the petrochemical cycle: Part 2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The manager of a petrochemical enterprise, to survive the competitive 1990s, must have a good understanding of the industry's cyclicality, and a good grasp of coping alternatives. To select the best strategies and tactics calls for a familiarity with such concepts as the hockey-stick profile for profitability and the experience curve for cost reductions at both ends of the supply curve. The manager must carefully weigh advantages of build-and-scrap policies and differentiation vs. diversification and recognize the pitfalls associated with the prisoner's dilemma. With these elements well understood, the manager is in an improved position to cope with the industry's boom-and-bust characteristics. The paper discusses practicalities, the prisoner's dilemma in game theory, individual company actions, leveraging cyclicability, differentiation and diversification/integration, improvement of competitiveness, and structure as part of the problem.

Sedriks, W. (SRI International, Menlo Park, CA (United States))

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

U.S. Through Retail Outlets Refiner Motor Gasoline Sales Volumes  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Values shown for the ...

66

Regional Retail Gasoline Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7 7 Notes: Retail gasoline prices, like those for distillate fuels, have hit record prices nationally and in several regions this year. The national average regular gasoline price peaked at $1.68 per gallon in mid-June, but quickly declined, and now stands at $1.45, 17 cents higher than a year ago. Two regions, in particular, experienced sharp gasoline price runups this year. California, which often has some of the highest prices in the nation, saw prices peak near $1.85 in mid-September, while the Midwest had average prices over $1.87 in mid-June. Local prices at some stations in both areas hit levels well over $2.00 per gallon. The reasons for the regional price runups differed significantly. In the Midwest, the introduction of Phase 2 RFG was hampered by low stocks,

67

Retail Motor Gasoline Prices*  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 6 Notes: Gasoline pump prices have backed down from the high prices experienced last summer and fall. The retail price for regular motor gasoline fell 11 cents per gallon from September to December. However, with crude oil prices rebounding somewhat from their December lows combined with lower than normal stock levels, we project that prices at the pump will rise modestly as the 2001 driving season begins this spring. For the summer of 2001, we expect only a little difference from the average price of $1.50 per gallon seen during the previous driving season, as motor gasoline stocks going into the driving season are projected to be slightly less than they were last year. The situation of relatively low inventories for gasoline could set the stage for some regional imbalances in supply that could once again

68

Price adjustment at multiproduct retailers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We empirically study the price adjustment process at multiproduct retail stores. We use a unique store level data set for five large supermarket and one drugstore chains in the U.S., to document the exact process required to change prices. Our data set allows us to study this process in great detail, describing the exact procedure, stages, and steps undertaken during the price change process. We also discuss various aspects of the microeconomic environment in which the price adjustment decisions are made, factors affecting the price adjustment decisions, and firm-level implications of price adjustment decisions. Specifically, we examine the effects of the complexity of the price change process on the stores ’ pricing strategy. We also study how the steps involved in the price change process, combined with the laws governing the retail price setting and adjustment, along with the competitive market structure of the retail grocery industry, influence the frequency of price changes. We also examine how the mistakes that occur in the price change process influence the actions taken by these multiproduct retailers. In particular, we study how these mistakes can make the stores vulnerable to civil law suits and penalties, and also damage their reputation. We also show how the mistakes can lead to stockouts or unwanted inventory accumulations. Finally, we discuss how retail stores try to minimize these

Daniel Levy; Mark Bergen; Robert Venable; Robert W. Baird

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Synergize fuel and petrochemical processing plans with catalytic reforming  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Depending on the market, refiner`s plans to produce clean fuels and higher value petrochemicals will weigh heavily on the catalytic reformer`s flexibility. It seems that as soon as a timely article related to catalytic reforming operations is published, a new {open_quotes}boutique{close_quotes} gasoline fuel specification is slapped on to existing fuel standards, affecting reformer operations and processing objectives. Just as importantly, the petrochemical market (such as aromatics) that refiners are targeting, can be very fickle. That`s why process engineers have endeavored to maintain an awareness of the flexibility that technology suppliers are building into modern catalytic reformers.

NONE

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

Texas Retail Energy, LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Texas Retail Energy, LLC Place Arkansas Utility Id 50046 Utility Location Yes Ownership R ISO Ercot Yes ISO NY Yes Activity Retail Marketing Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final...

71

SPP sales flyer for retail | ENERGY STAR  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

for retail Need a hand preparing for an upcoming sales call? This fact sheet provides energy use facts for the retail sector, tips on how to talk to this audience, opportunities...

72

Measuring Devices: Compressed Natural Gas Retail Motor ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Compressed Natural Gas Retail Motor-Fuel Dispensers. ... Hydrogen Measuring Devices; Liquefied Petroleum Gas Liquid-Measuring Devices; ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

73

Retail Unbundling - Virginia - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Retail Unbundling - Virginia. Status: The state has begun the process of implementing comprehensive unbundling programs for its residential gas customers.

74

Retail Unbundling - Michigan - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Retail Unbundling- Michigan. Status: The state has begun the process of implementing comprehensive unbundling programs for its residential gas customers.

75

Retail Unbundling - Colorado - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Retail Unbundling - Colorado. Status: The state has begun the process of implementing comprehensive unbundling programs for its residential gas customers.

76

Retail Motor-Fuel Dispensers and Consoles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Retail Motor-Fuel Dispensers and Consoles. Purpose: This 5-day RMFD course provides participants with the knowledge ...

2013-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

77

Retail Unbundling - New Mexico - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Retail Unbundling - New Mexico. Status: The state has a comprehensive unbundling program available for residential customers. Overview: New Mexico has ...

78

Retail Unbundling - New York - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Retail Unbundling - New York. Status: The state has comprehensive unbundling programs for its residential gas customers. Overview: Natural gas ...

79

Retail battle for conservation dollars  

SciTech Connect

Large companies are entering the profitable retail market with conservation equipment and services that will compete for a share of the $10 to $80 billion Americans will spend on energy efficiency this year. Energy centers and clinics are also opening around the country to market products and compete with the utilities for energy audit business. The new retailing efforts are counting on homeowners' willingness to spend money to lower their energy bills. The smaller companies hope to hold their own against competition from large corporations. (DCK)

McCaughey, J.

1981-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

80

Strategic Assortment Reduction by a Dominant Retailer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In certain product categories, large discount retailers are known to offer shallower assortments than traditional retailers. In this paper, we investigate the competitive incentives for such assortment decisions and the implications for manufacturers' ... Keywords: assortment, channel power, channels of distribution, retailing

Anthony J. Dukes; Tansev Geylani; Kannan Srinivasan

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retail outlets petrochemical" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

STAFF FORECAST: AVERAGE RETAIL ELECTRICITY PRICES  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION STAFF FORECAST: AVERAGE RETAIL ELECTRICITY PRICES 2005 TO 2018 report, Staff Forecast: Retail Electricity Prices, 2005 to 2018, was prepared with contributions from the technical assistance provided by Greg Broeking of R.W. Beck, Inc. in preparing retail price forecasts

82

Innovative Decision Support in a Petrochemical Production Environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sasol, an integrated energy and chemicals company based in South Africa, leads the world in producing liquid fuels from natural gas and coal. Sasol faces many challenges, such as stricter fuel specifications, fluctuating oil and gas prices, and unique ... Keywords: application, data analysis, decision support, petrochemical, probability, simulations, statistics, stochastic model applications

Marlize Meyer; Hylton Robinson; Michele Fisher; Anette van der Merwe; Gerrit Streicher; Johan Janse van Rensburg; Hentie van den Berg; Esmi Dreyer; Jaco Joubert; Gerkotze Bonthuys; Ruan Rossouw; Willem Louw; Lorraine van Deventer; Cecile Wykes; Ebert Cawood

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

Facility automation for retail facilities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This article will focus on retail chain stores with areas of 22,000 to 75,000 sq ft, but much of the article will apply to all retail stores independent of size. Typically, a store is serviced by 5 to 15 rooftop HVAC units with a total cooling capacity of 50 to 150 tons, depending on the floor area and geographic location. The interior lighting represents a load of 80 to 300 KW with three lighting levels--retail, stocking, and security or night. Most stores are located in strip centers, and therefore, the parking lot lighting is provided by the landlord, but each store does control and service its own sign lighting. Generally, the total load controlled by an FAS represents 130 to 450 KW with corresponding annual energy costs ranging from $65,000 to $200,000 (natural gas and electricity), depending on the size of the store and the local unit costs of energy. Historical utility data, electrical and mechanical drawings, site surveys, significant analyses of data, and most importantly, discussions with corporate facilities management personnel and store operations personnel provide the source for the development theory and sequence of operation of the design of the facility automation systems for retail stores. The three main goals of an FAS are: reduce utility operating costs, maintain comfort levels during occupied hours, reduce HVAC maintenance costs.

Ameduri, G. (Roth Bros., Inc., Youngstown, OH (United States). Facilities Automation Division)

1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

RECONCILIATION OF RETAILER CLAIMS, 2002  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

electricity generators who report meter data to a system operator to also report generation, fuel type requires retail providers of electricity to disclose fuel source information to consumers about, and fuel type consumed (as a percentage of generation) data to the system operator on a quarterly basis

85

Retail Price Drivers and their Financial Consequences  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

making the data available. Retail Price Drivers and their Financial Consequences What are the drivers of retailers ' prices and what, if any, are their financial consequences? The results of a large-scale quantitative analysis show that retail prices are mainly driven by pricing history (50%), acquisition costs (25%), and demand feedback (12.5%). In contrast to pricing history, demand-based pricing is associated with higher retailer (and manufacturer) financial performance. The remaining price drivers: category management, store traffic, and store brand performance, affect manufacturer and retailer performance in more complex ways.

Shuba Srinivasan; Koen Pauwels; Vincent Nijs; Mike Hanssens; Carl Mela; Scott Neslin For Comments; Suggestions The Paper

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Category:StandAloneRetail | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

StandAloneRetail StandAloneRetail Jump to: navigation, search Go Back to PV Economics By Building Type Media in category "StandAloneRetail" The following 77 files are in this category, out of 77 total. SVStandAloneRetail Atlantic City NJ Public Service Elec & Gas Co.png SVStandAloneRetail Atl... 63 KB SVStandAloneRetail Bismarck ND Montana-Dakota Utilities Co (North Dakota).png SVStandAloneRetail Bis... 70 KB SVStandAloneRetail Burlington VT Central Vermont Pub Serv Corp.png SVStandAloneRetail Bur... 68 KB SVStandAloneRetail Cedar City UT Moon Lake Electric Assn Inc (Utah).png SVStandAloneRetail Ced... 57 KB SVStandAloneRetail Charleston SC South Carolina Electric&Gas Co.png SVStandAloneRetail Cha... 67 KB SVStandAloneRetail Cheyenne WY Powder River Energy Corporation.png

87

Retail Market Based Pricing: Retail Market Based Pricing - Three Cases  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Customers are not provided with incentives for efficient conservation and substitution of electricity away from peak periods if they do not face prices that reflect the real-time cost of purchasing wholesale electricity that is experienced by their retail energy provider. Recent events in California's restructured electricity market underscore the importance of developing products and structures that enable demand response to changes in prices in these markets. This report assembles three studies of cust...

2001-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

88

Retail Diesel Fuel Oil Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Along with heating oil prices, the distillate supply squeeze has Along with heating oil prices, the distillate supply squeeze has severely impacted diesel fuel prices, especially in the Northeast. Retail diesel price data are available sooner than residential heating oil data. This graph shows that diesel prices turned the corner sometime after February 7 and are heading down. Retail diesel fuel prices nationally, along with those of most other petroleum prices, increased steadily through most of 1999. Prices jumped dramatically (by over 11 cents per gallon) in the third week of January, and rose 2 or more cents a week through February 7. The increases were much more rapid in the Northeast. From January 17 through February 7, diesel fuel prices in New England rose nearly 68 cents per gallon, or 47 percent. Prices in the Mid-Atlantic region rose about 58

89

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Retail and Storage Requirements  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Retail and Biodiesel Retail and Storage Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Retail and Storage Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Retail and Storage Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Retail and Storage Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Retail and Storage Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Retail and Storage Requirements on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Retail and Storage Requirements on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Retail and Storage Requirements

90

The Mexican petrochemical sector in the NAFTA negotiations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Since 1985, there have been important changes in the Mexican petrochemical sector, including trade liberalization, deregulation and the elimination of subsidies. NAFTA represents another step towards liberalization of the sector. Given the low tariffs currently applied to international trade among the three nations, the authors do not anticipate major impacts of NAFTA on trade flows. Nevertheless, the elimination of restrictions to foreign investment is expected to increase capital flows into the sector and to promote productivity increases. On the other hand, the new barriers to trade in petrochemical feedstocks and the restrictions on private investment in infrastructure may negatively affect the sector`s growth, making it necessary to adjust domestic regulations to improve the performance of Pemex. 12 refs., 4 tabs.

Kessel, G.; Kim, C.S. [Instituto Technologico Autonomo de Mexico, Magdalena Contreras (Mexico)

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

91

Retail Price Changes Lag Spot Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1 1 Notes: While EIA cannot claim to explain all of the factors that drive retail gasoline prices, we have had a fair amount of success in exploring the relationship between wholesale and retail prices. In particular, we have looked closely at the "pass-through" of changes in spot prices to the retail market. This graph shows a weighted national average of spot prices for regular gasoline -both conventional and reformulated (shown in red), and EIA's weekly survey price for retail regular (again both conventional and reformulated). As you can see, spot prices tend to be more volatile (and would be even more so on a daily basis), while these changes are smoother by the time they reach the retail pump. Furthermore, by looking at the peaks, you can see the retail prices seem to lag the spot price changes

92

Retail Unbundling - Illinois - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Retail Unbundling - Illinois. Status: Some residential customers in the state have access to pilot unbundling programs. Overview: Residential gas customers in 16 ...

93

Retail Unbundling - U.S. Summary  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Retail Unbundling - U.S. Summary. Overview: Enrollment in existing "customer choice" programs generally increased in 2002 as the number of eligible customers grew ...

94

Retail Unbundling - Florida - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Retail Unbundling - Florida. Status: The state has approved two pilot unbundling programs for residential customers. Overview: Two natural gas utilities (Chesapeake ...

95

Retail Unbundling - Ohio - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

House Bill 9. Governor signed amended substituted HB 9, which requires retail gas suppliers to be certified by PUCO; authorizes governmental aggregation for ...

96

Retail Heating Oil and Diesel Fuel Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

With the worst of the heating season (October-March) now behind us, we can be fairly confident that retail heating oil prices have seen their seasonal ...

97

2012 Brief: Retail gasoline prices vary significantly ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Uranium fuel, nuclear reactors, generation, spent fuel. ... Retail gasoline prices are published by region, for 9 selected states, 10 selected cities, ...

98

Communicating Sustainability through Design within Retail Environments.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis uses a systematic understanding of sustainability informed by human needs, learning and design theory to explore ways in which small retail environments can… (more)

Hendry, Daniel; Silcox, Lawrence

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Retail Unbundling - Ohio - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy Information Administration (U.S. Dept. of Energy) Home > Natural Gas > Natural Gas Residential Choice Programs > Ohio : Retail ... (DEO) Proposed Tariff.

100

Retail Unbundling - Ohio - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy Information Administration (U.S. Dept. of Energy) ... Companies File Tariff Revisions to Correspond to New Rules for Competitive Retail Gas Service.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retail outlets petrochemical" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Retail Demand Response in Southwest Power Pool  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

23 ii Retail Demand Response in SPP List of Figures and10 Figure 3. Demand Response Resources by11 Figure 4. Existing Demand Response Resources by Type of

Bharvirkar, Ranjit

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Retail Unbundling - Virginia - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Natural Gas Residential Programs by State. ... re-establishing retail rate regulation for most electricity customers in Virginia on January 1, 2009.

103

Retail Unbundling - Minnesota - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Retail Unbundling - Minnesota. Status: The state has no unbundled services for residential customers but is considering action. Overview: The Minnesota Public ...

104

Measuring Devices: Retail Motor-Fuel Dispensers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Retail Motor-Fuel Dispensers - Single, Dual, and Multi-Product and Blended Product. Intro about it. EPOs, Field Manual, Training ...

2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

105

Retail Unbundling - Pennsylvania - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Retail Unbundling - Pennsylvania. Status: The state has begun to implement comprehensive unbundling for its residential gas customers. Overview: Competition for gas ...

106

Retail Unbundling - Michigan - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Michigan: Regulatory and Legislative Actions on Retail Unbundling: Summary: Legislation was introduced in the Michigan House of Representatives during the 1999-2000 ...

107

Dominion Retail Inc (Ohio) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

RetailInc(Ohio)&oldid412531" Categories: EIA Utility Companies and Aliases Utility Companies Organizations Stubs What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version...

108

Promotional forecasting in the grocery retail business  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Predicting customer demand in the highly competitive grocery retail business has become extremely difficult, especially for promotional items. The difficulty in promotional forecasting has resulted from numerous internal ...

Koottatep, Pakawkul

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

The Current and Historical Monthly Retail Sales, Revenues and...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

(MWh)","Other Sales (MWh)","All Sector Sales (MWh)","Average Retail Price Residential (ckWh)","Average Retail Price Commercial (ckWh)","Average Retail Price Industrial (c...

110

An assessment of the value of retail ready packaging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Use of retail-ready packaging reduces the costs of replenishing store shelves by eliminating the labor of removing packaging materials and stocking individual items on shelves. While reducing costs for retailers, retail-ready ...

Jackson, Kathleen Anne

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

The relationship between retail type and transportation emissions.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study investigates the relationship between three types of retail, Big Box, traditional and online retail, and their transportation related emissions. The study takes a… (more)

Vigder, Samantha

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Texas Retail Energy, LLC (New York) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon Texas Retail Energy, LLC (New York) Jump to: navigation, search Name Texas Retail Energy,...

113

Green Power Marketing in Retail Competition: An Early Assessment  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Green Power Marketing in Retail Competition: An Early Assessment Title Green Power Marketing in Retail Competition: An Early Assessment Publication Type Report Year of Publication...

114

Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. (Connecticut) | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. (Connecticut) Jump to: navigation, search Name Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. Place Connecticut Utility Id 22509 References EIA...

115

Edgeworth Price Cycles: Evidence from the Toronto Retail Gasoline Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Asymmetrically to Crude Oil Price Changes? ” QuarterlyGas Wars: Retail Gasoline Price Fluctua- tions”, Review of7] Eckert, A. “Retail Price Cycles and Response Asymmetry”,

Noel, Michael

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Production and Retail Requirements  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Hydrogen Production Hydrogen Production and Retail Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Production and Retail Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Production and Retail Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Production and Retail Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Production and Retail Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Production and Retail Requirements on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Production and Retail Requirements on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Hydrogen Production and Retail Requirements

117

Indirect evaporative cooling in retail  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

JCPenney Co., Inc., recently opened a 126,000-sq ft, two-level retail store in Albuquerque, NM. The project construction was accomplished using a design-build format. This process allows preliminary construction processes to begin while the design is finalized. Law/Kingdom, Inc. was assigned the architectural and engineering services for this building. During the process of design, the team decided to study the addition of evaporative cooling into the air system. This article reviews system design, selection, and performance using an indirect evaporative system in the HVAC system. It also demonstrates the company`s design approach on the original equipment selection for a typical anchor store.

Bartlett, T.A. [JCPenney Co., Plano, TX (United States)

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

CALIFORNIA ENERGY Daylight and Retail Sales  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

year with an optimized daylighting system. #12;RETAIL AND DAYLIGHTING INTRODUCTION 1 1. INTRODUCTIONCALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION Daylight and Retail Sales TECHNICALREPORT October 2003 500-03-082-A-5 in this report. #12;#12;ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS This report is a part of the Integrated Energy Systems - Productivity

119

Optimizing Inventory Replenishment of Retail Fashion Products  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider the problem of determining (for a short lifecycle) retail product initial and replenishment order quantities that minimize the cost of lost sales, back orders, and obsolete inventory. We model this problem as a two-stage stochastic dynamic ... Keywords: Heuristics, Inventory replenishment, Retailing, Stochastic dynamic programming

Marshall Fisher; Kumar Rajaram; Ananth Raman

2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

January 23, 2006 Dear Retail Provider  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The kilowatt-hours purchased or generated, by generating facility and fuel type during the previous calendar regarding retail disclosure. All retail providers of electricity including, but not limited to investor-owned utilities, publicly owned electric utilities, electric service providers, irrigation districts

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retail outlets petrochemical" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

January 29, 2007 Dear Retail Provider  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The kilowatt-hours purchased or generated, by generating facility and fuel type during the previous calendar regarding retail disclosure. All retail providers of electricity including, but not limited to investor-owned utilities, publicly owned electric utilities, electric service providers, irrigation districts

122

February 14, 2005 Dear Retail Provider  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The kilowatt-hours purchased or generated, by generating facility and fuel type during the previous calendar regarding retail disclosure. All retail providers of electricity including, but not limited to investor-owned utilities, publicly owned electric utilities, electric service providers, irrigation districts

123

January 30, 2004 Dear Retail Provider  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. The kilowatt-hours purchased or generated, by generating facility and fuel type during the previous calendar regarding retail disclosure. All retail providers of electricity including, but not limited to investor-owned utilities, publicly owned electric utilities, electric service providers, irrigation districts

124

Incentives for Retailer Forecasting: Rebates vs. Returns  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper studies a manufacturer that sells to a newsvendor retailer who can improve the quality of her demand information by exerting costly forecasting effort. In such a setting, contracts play two roles: providing incentives to influence the retailer's ... Keywords: endogenous adverse selection, forecasting, rebates, returns, supply chain contracting

Terry A. Taylor; Wenqiang Xiao

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Dominion Retail Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dominion Retail Inc Dominion Retail Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Dominion Retail Inc Place Virginia Utility Id 3763 Utility Location Yes Ownership R NERC Location RFC Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Buying Distribution Yes Activity Wholesale Marketing Yes Activity Retail Marketing Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png No rate schedules available. Average Rates No Rates Available References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Dominion_Retail_Inc&oldid=41059

126

Cogeneration Design Considerations for a Major Petrochemical Facility  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The step increase in energy cost brought about in 1973 has permanently changed the way in which petrochemical production facilities are designed, operated, and maintained. Highly visible energy conservation programs consisting of steam trap repair, insulation, and turning off unused equipment in the late 1970’s gave way to industrial wide shutdown of older, less efficient production facilities in the 1980’s. The subject petrochemical facility’s energy use peaked in early 1981. Several small projects were instituted to accommodate a declining steam load and increasing amounts of low pressure steam venting. However, as steam load was dropping, electrical rates were increasing both from rising natural gas costs and utility construction of a nuclear power plant. As a result, energy costs seemed almost an uncontrollable cost in late 1982. This paper addresses the design considerations and the following distinct steps taken in the development process of a 100 megawatt cogeneration power plant currently under construction at the petrochemical facility. The paper addresses the following distinct steps taken in the design process. 1. Examination of past, current, and future electricity and steam demand. 2. Examination of the regulatory climate and opportunities for firm power sales. 3. Economic evaluation of different fuel and power cost projections and their impact on cycle and equipment selection. 4. Evaluation of the reliability required by current and associated future standby power contracts. 5. Examination of outside forces that impact the design. 6. Selection of final design. The above considerations led to a unique efficient design that incorporates 100% steam condensing capability and independent dual train operating capability. The subject cogeneration plant is scheduled to be in full operation in December of 1987.

Good, R. L.

1987-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

127

Retail Diesel Fuel Oil Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Along with heating oil prices, the distillate supply squeeze has Along with heating oil prices, the distillate supply squeeze has severely impacted diesel fuel prices, especially in the Northeast. Diesel fuel is bascially the same product as home heating oil. The primary difference is that diesel has a lower sulfur content. When heating oil is in short supply, low sulfur diesel fuel can be diverted to heating oil supply. Thus, diesel fuel prices rise with heating heating oil prices. Retail diesel fuel prices nationally, along with those of most other petroleum prices, increased steadily through most of 1999. But prices in the Northeast jumped dramatically in the third week of January. Diesel fuel prices in New England rose nearly 68 cents per gallon, or 47 percent, between January 17 and February 7. While EIA does not have

128

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Definitions and Retail  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel and Ethanol Biodiesel and Ethanol Definitions and Retail Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Definitions and Retail Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Definitions and Retail Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Definitions and Retail Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Definitions and Retail Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Definitions and Retail Requirements on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Definitions and Retail Requirements on AddThis.com... More in this section...

129

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Retailer Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Ethanol Blend Retailer Ethanol Blend Retailer Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Retailer Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Retailer Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Retailer Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Retailer Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Retailer Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Retailer Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Ethanol Blend Retailer Tax Credit The Ethanol Promotion Tax Credit is available to any fuel retailer for up

130

Alternative Fuels Data Center: E15 Retailer Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

E15 Retailer Tax E15 Retailer Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: E15 Retailer Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: E15 Retailer Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: E15 Retailer Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: E15 Retailer Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: E15 Retailer Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: E15 Retailer Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type E15 Retailer Tax Credit Retail stations dispensing gasoline fuel blends of 15% ethanol (E15) for use in motor vehicles may be eligible for a tax credit in the amount of

131

Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Retailer Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

E85 Retailer Tax E85 Retailer Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Retailer Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Retailer Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Retailer Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Retailer Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Retailer Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Retailer Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type E85 Retailer Tax Credit Retail stations dispensing E85 for use in motor vehicles may be eligible for a tax credit in the amount of $0.16 per gallon for calendar years

132

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Retailer Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Fuel Retailer Fuel Retailer Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Retailer Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Retailer Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Retailer Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Retailer Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Retailer Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Retailer Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Ethanol Fuel Retailer Tax Credit Retailers that sell fuel blends of gasoline containing up to 15% ethanol by

133

Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Retail Sales Reporting  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Retail Sales Retail Sales Reporting to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Retail Sales Reporting on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Retail Sales Reporting on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Retail Sales Reporting on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Retail Sales Reporting on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Retail Sales Reporting on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Retail Sales Reporting on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type E85 Retail Sales Reporting A retailer who dispenses E85 must report to the Indiana Department of State Revenue the total number of gallons of E85 sold from a metered pump.

134

Washington Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

3.930: 3.875: 3.809: 2003-2013-= No Data Reported; ... EIA did not collect weekly retail motor gasoline data between December 10, 1990 and January 14, 1991.

135

The impact of retail rate structures on the economics of commercial photovoltaic systems in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the impact of retail electricity rate design on the economiccustomer retail electricity rates currently offered in thethe design of retail electricity rates, particularly for

Mills, Andrew D.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

136

The Impact of Retail Rate Structures on the Economics of Commercial Photovoltaic Systems in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the impact of retail electricity rate design on the economiccustomer retail electricity rates currently offered in thethe design of retail electricity rates, particularly for

Mills, Andrew

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Consumer behaviour at multi-channel retailers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Consumer behaviour at pure Internet players has been analysed thoroughly in earlier work. When it comes to retailers with multiple distribution channels, however, new behaviour patterns can be observed. Given the fact that multi-channel retailing is much more common than Internet-only, the analysis of consumer behaviour in a multi-channel context constitutes a challenge for the deeper understanding of e-business. The contribution of this research is threefold: first, this study provides an overview of how the 50 largest e-retailers presently coordinate the interaction between sales on their web sites and in physical stores. Second, we present findings from a consumer survey suggesting what consumers like about multi-channel services on retail sites. Finally, user behaviour is empirically evaluated based on transaction and web log data from a large multi-channel retailer. The results indicate a strong demand for multi-channel services and suggest that retailers should expand their multi-channel service spectrum.

Maximilian Teltzrow; Bettina Berendt; Oliver Günther

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

The bricks, clicks, economics and mortar of contemporary retail : the consequences that retailer storing strategies and retail performance across markets have on real estate investments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The retail industry in the 21st century is undergoing a confluence of transformative changes. In this paper we discuss particularly noteworthy changes related to demography, retail economics and the Internet. We note how, ...

Fagan, Kevin William

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Microsoft Word - Energy_Guide_Petrochemicals_Final.doc  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

64E 64E ERNEST ORLANDO LAWRENCE BERKELEY NATIONAL LABORATORY Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Petrochemical Industry An ENERGY STAR ® Guide for Energy and Plant Managers Maarten Neelis, Ernst Worrell, and Eric Masanet Environmental Energy Technologies Division Sponsored by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency June 2008 Disclaimer This document was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the United States Government. While this document is believed to contain correct information, neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor The Regents of the University of California, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal responsibility for the accuracy,

140

Demand for petrochem feedstock to buoy world LPG industry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reports that use of liquefied petroleum gas as petrochemical feedstock will increase worldwide, providing major growth opportunities for LPG producers. World exports of liquefied petroleum gas will increase more slowly than production as producers choose to use LPG locally as chemical feedstock and export in value added forms such as polyethylene. So predicts Poten and Partners Inc., New York. Poten forecasts LPG production in exporting countries will jump to 95 million tons in 2010 from 45 million tons in 1990. However, local and regional demand will climb to 60 million tons/year from 23 million tons/year during the same period. So supplies available for export will rise to 35 million tons in 2010 from 22 million tons in 1990.

Not Available

1992-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retail outlets petrochemical" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Economics of Energy Conservation in the Chemical and Petrochemical Industries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Capital allocated to energy savings projects competes with that for new or revised plants. Thus, it must show the same or better rate of return. Usually the risk factor in energy savings projects is less than allocations for other uses. The categories of energy consumption on a chemical or petrochemical plant are defined. Distillation is often the largest energy consumer, hence, offering the most promising area for investigation of energy savings. Other unit operations and well as changes in process operations are explored for potential energy savings. The use of cogeneration as a method for net energy savings is explored and appears to be most promising, especislly where it is possible to upgrade the value of waste heat or combustible by-products in the process plant to produce steam and electrical energy which can be utilized or sold to others. A formal energy audit of process plants is suggested utilizing for engineering, operating as well as management personnel.

Nachod, J. E. Jr.

1987-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Retailer License  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Retailer License to someone by E-mail Retailer License to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Retailer License on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Retailer License on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Retailer License on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Retailer License on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Retailer License on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Retailer License on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Natural Gas and Propane Retailer License Compressed natural gas, liquefied natural gas, or liquefied petroleum gas

143

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Retailer Tax Incentive  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Renewable Fuel Renewable Fuel Retailer Tax Incentive to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Retailer Tax Incentive on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Retailer Tax Incentive on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Retailer Tax Incentive on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Retailer Tax Incentive on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Retailer Tax Incentive on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Retailer Tax Incentive on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Renewable Fuel Retailer Tax Incentive A licensed retail motor fuel dealer may receive a quarterly incentive for

144

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Retailer Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Biodiesel Blend Biodiesel Blend Retailer Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Retailer Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Retailer Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Retailer Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Retailer Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Retailer Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Retailer Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Blend Retailer Tax Credit Retailers whose total diesel sales consist of at least 50% biodiesel blends

145

Submission to the EIRASS Retail brand equity: A PLS Approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In large retail stores, France is characterized by market saturation and even a decline of several retail concepts such as variety stores, or even supermarkets and hypermarkets (Cliquet, 2000). This situation leads to a fierce competition and raises questions which affect marketing strategies of French retail companies. Given the legal context, the French retailers can increase sales through retail brands which appear to be henceforth among the most effective marketing tools. Indeed, product innovation, sophisticated packaging and retail brands- from generic products to premium retail brands (Kumar and Steenkamp, 2007)- could create consumer value. There are thus today real retail branding strategies consisting in creating consumer value leading to the idea of retail brand equity. This paper focuses on retail brand equity to understand where this retail brand value stems from and how to measure it in the French retail context. Adapting the brand equity literature to the retail brand opens large perspectives in the way of considering this type of brands helping managers to examine the importance of components in the shaping of their brand value and finally to develop better strategic and tactical decisions concerning retail brand positioning. Keller’s contributions (Keller, 1993), qualitative methodology and confirmatory analysis are used to

Magali Jara; Gérard Cliquet

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

An Attempt To Use Aerial Gamma-Ray Spectrometry Results In Petrochemical  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Attempt To Use Aerial Gamma-Ray Spectrometry Results In Petrochemical Attempt To Use Aerial Gamma-Ray Spectrometry Results In Petrochemical Assessments Of The Volcanic And Plutonic Associations Of Central Anatolia (Turkey) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: An Attempt To Use Aerial Gamma-Ray Spectrometry Results In Petrochemical Assessments Of The Volcanic And Plutonic Associations Of Central Anatolia (Turkey) Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: Volcanic and magmatic rocks of Central Anatolia are fairly rich in radioelement concentrations. The aerial gamma-ray spectrometric survey data, gathered for the purpose of radioactive mineral exploration were utilized as an additional tool for the petrochemical classification of the volcanic and magmatics rocks and their environments. The survey data on

147

Sector-Specific information infrastructure issues in the oil, gas, and petrochemical sector  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this chapter we have discussed vulnerabilities and mitigating actions to improve safety, security and continuity of the information and process infrastructure used in the oil, gas and petrochemical sector. An accident in the oil and gas industry can ...

Stig O. Johnsen; Andreas Aas; Ying Qian

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Retail Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Retail Electric Retail Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Regulations to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Retail Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Regulations on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Retail Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Regulations on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Retail Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Regulations on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Retail Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Regulations on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Retail Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Regulations on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Retail Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Regulations on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

149

Vertical relationships between manufacturers and retailers: inference with limited data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

OR Electricity (industrial) OH Expon (price-estimatedprice IL Retail rental IL Gasoline IL Gasoline OH Electricity (industrial) IL Electricity (price IL Retail rental IL Gasoline IL Gasoline OH Electricity (industrial) IL Electricity (

Villas-Boas, Sofia B.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

150

Vertical relationships between manufacturers and retailers: inference with limited data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Electricity (industrial) OH Dependent Variable = Expon (Price -price IL Retail rental IL Gasoline IL Gasoline OH Electricity (industrial) IL Electricity (price IL Retail rental IL Gasoline IL Gasoline OH Electricity (industrial) IL Electricity (

Villas-Boas, Sofia B.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Evaluating demand planning strategy in the retail channel  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In 2007 Dell began selling through the retail channel. Five years later, the retail channel is still in the early stages relative to competitors and is growing rapidly. Short product lifecycles, long lead times and a high ...

Zehavi, Limor (Limor Hadas)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Dominion Retail Inc (New York) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dominion Retail Inc (New York) Jump to: navigation, search Name Dominion Retail Inc Place New York Utility Id 3763 References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 -...

153

Inventory planning for low demand items in online retailing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A large online retailer strategically stocks inventory for SKUs with low demand. The motivations are to provide a wide range of selections and faster customer fulfillment service. We assume the online retailer has the ...

Chhaochhria, Pallav

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Inter-organizational information sharing of customer data in retail  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As massive online retailers are putting increasing pressure on the traditional brick-and-mortar retailers, new ways to compete for customers is needed. Identifying customers' behavior and understanding their needs could ...

Tengberg, John C.F. (John Claes Fredrik)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Remote-Controllable Power Outlet System for Home Power Management  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we describe the Wireless Power-Controlled Outlet Module (WPCOM) with a scalable mechanism for home power management which we have developed. The WPCOM integrates the multiple AC power sockets and a simple low-power microcontroller into ...

Chia-Hung Lien; Ying-Wen Bai; Ming-Bo Lin

2007-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Using customers data for defining retail market size: a GIS approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Geographical Information Systems (GIS) systems provide a wide array of tools for site, demographic and competitive analyses which enable retailers and marketers to answer several questions that are related to retail location. The aim of this ... Keywords: GIS, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, customer data, demographics, geocoding, geographical information systems, market analysis, marketing policy, retail centres, retail customers, retail market size, retail planning, shopping centres

Abdulkader A. Murad

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

157

Retail Unbundling status for Michigan - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Retail Unbundling- Michigan. Status: The state has begun the process of implementing comprehensive unbundling programs for its residential gas customers.

158

Retail Unbundling - U.S. Summary - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... require uniform procedures for ... conducted a review of retail access policies. ... and revise the consumer protection guidelines in purchase ...

159

Table 4. Average retail price for bundled and unbundled consumers ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Table 4. Average retail price for bundled and unbundled consumers by sector, Census Division, and State 2011

160

Retail Unbundling status for the state of New York  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Retail Unbundling - New York. Status: The state has comprehensive unbundling programs for its residential gas customers. Overview: Natural gas ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retail outlets petrochemical" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Retail resources | ENERGY STAR Buildings & Plants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Retail resources Retail resources Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In This Section Campaigns Commercial building design Communications resources Energy management guidance Financial resources Portfolio Manager Products and purchasing Recognition Research and reports Service and product provider (SPP) resources Success stories Target Finder Technical documentation

162

Plantwide Energy Management for Hydrocarbon and Petrochemical Industry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Within the hydrocarbon and petrochemical industry the generation and utilization of various forms of energy is a highly complex and dynamic process. The process plant normally generates steam and fuel in the form of process off-gas. The same process plant also requires fuel, steam, and electricity, which is supplied from the utility plant. Also, the utility plant transforms energy from one form to another for economic efficiency. The low grade energy is transformed to medium grade energy as steam. This steam is then transformed to high grade energy in the form of electric or mechanical power. As a result, the transformation and utilization of energy requires a critical balance of plantwide steam and power. The balance of power production with actual plant requirements depends largely upon the production rate and quality of various products. It is the function of an energy managcment system to control and monitor this complex interactive system to insure the reliable availability of adequate energy for the process plant at minimum cost.

Ahmed, A.; Clinkscales, T.

1988-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Policy Issues for Retail Beamed Power Transmission  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

it possible to deliver electric power to off-grid locations using millimeter-wave beams and compact, efficient of very large utility-scale power plants, serving given areas in a hub-and-spoke arrangement. GridPolicy Issues for Retail Beamed Power Transmission Girish Chowdhary, Rajeev Gadre, Narayanan

164

May 13, 2003 To all retail providers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

COMMISSION 1516 NINTH STREET SACRAMENTO CA 95814-5512 June 19, 2008 To All Retail Providers: Subject from generators to the California Energy Commission (Energy Commission), and for providing rate payers reporting period, the Energy Commission adopted the 2007 Net System Power Report at its April 16, 2008

165

Retail beamed power using millimeter waves: Survey  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Retail delivery of electric power through millimeter waves is relevant in developing areas where the market for communication devices outpaces the power grid infrastructure. It is also a critical component of an evolutionary path towards terrestrial ... Keywords: Micro renewable energy systems, millimeter wave, power beaming, rural India power, space power grid, systems

Narayanan Komerath; Aravinda Kar

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

MHK Projects/Wax Lake Outlet | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Wax Lake Outlet Wax Lake Outlet < MHK Projects Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"500px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"File:Aquamarine-marker.png","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":29.6455,"lon":-91.394,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"http:\/\/prod-http-80-800498448.us-east-1.elb.amazonaws.com\/w\/images\/7\/74\/Aquamarine-marker.png","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

167

Information for Retailers of Lighting Products | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Information for Retailers of Lighting Products Information for Retailers of Lighting Products Information for Retailers of Lighting Products July 29, 2012 - 8:18pm Addthis Information for Retailers of Lighting Products U.S. retailers who sell lighting products can use the information below to help their customers better understand energy-efficient lighting choices. New information will be added as it becomes available. U.S. retailers are welcome to use parts of these materials in their retail displays. In those cases, please do so without the Department of Energy's name, since we will not be approving your version. If you would prefer a different version that fits your requirements for size or layout better, and you'd like to keep the Department's name, you are welcome to submit that revised layout for approval. Native artwork files can be made

168

Award-winning alloys could reduce costs for chemical and petrochemical  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Award-winning alloys could reduce costs for chemical and petrochemical Award-winning alloys could reduce costs for chemical and petrochemical industries Director's Welcome Organization Achievements Highlights Fact Sheets, Brochures & Other Documents Multimedia Library About Nuclear Energy Nuclear Reactors Designed by Argonne Argonne's Nuclear Science and Technology Legacy Opportunities within NE Division Visit Argonne Work with Argonne Contact us For Employees Site Map Help Join us on Facebook Follow us on Twitter NE on Flickr Celebrating the 70th Anniversary of Chicago Pile 1 (CP-1) Argonne OutLoud on Nuclear Energy Argonne Energy Showcase 2012 Highlights Bookmark and Share Award-winning alloys could reduce costs for chemical and petrochemical industries This macrophotograph compares commercial nickel-based Alloy 600 (top) and Argonne's new alloy after 5,700 hours of exposure to the same metal-dusting environment at 593°C

169

CO{sub 2} Reuse in Petrochemical Facilities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To address public concerns regarding the consequences of climate change from anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) emissions, the U.S. Department of Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory (DOE/NETL) is actively funding a CO{sub 2} management program to develop technologies capable of mitigating CO{sub 2} emissions from power plant and industrial facilities. Over the past decade, this program has focused on reducing the costs of carbon capture and storage technologies. Recently, DOE/NETL launched an alternative CO{sub 2} mitigation program focused on beneficial CO{sub 2} reuse to support the development of technologies that mitigate emissions by converting CO{sub 2} into valuable chemicals and fuels. RTI, with DOE/NETL support, has been developing an innovative beneficial CO{sub 2} reuse process for converting CO{sub 2} into substitute natural gas (SNG) by using by-product hydrogen (H{sub 2)-containing fuel gas from petrochemical facilities. This process leveraged commercial reactor technology currently used in fluid catalytic crackers in petroleum refining and a novel nickel (Ni)-based catalyst developed by RTI. The goal was to generate an SNG product that meets the pipeline specifications for natural gas, making the SNG product completely compatible with the existing natural gas infrastructure. RTI's technology development efforts focused on demonstrating the technical feasibility of this novel CO{sub 2} reuse process and obtaining the necessary engineering information to design a pilot demonstration unit for converting about 4 tons per day (tons/day) of CO{sub 2} into SNG at a suitable host site. This final report describes the results of the Phase I catalyst and process development efforts. The methanation activity of several commercial fixed-bed catalysts was evaluated under fluidized-bed conditions in a bench-scale reactor to identify catalyst performance targets. RTI developed two fluidizable Ni-based catalyst formulations (Cat-1 and Cat-3) that demonstrated equal or better performance than that of commercial methanation catalysts. The Cat-1 and Cat-3 formulations were successfully scaled up using commercial manufacturing equipment at the Sud-Chemie Inc. pilot-plant facility in Louisville, KY. Pilot transport reactor testing with RTI's Cat-1 formulation at Kellog Brown & Root's Technology Center demonstrated the ability of the process to achieve high single-pass CO{sub 2} conversion. Using information acquired from bench- and pilot-scale testing, a basic engineering design package was prepared for a 4-ton/day CO{sub 2} pilot demonstration unit, including process and instrumentation diagrams, equipment list, control philosophy, and preliminary cost estimate.

Jason Trembly; Brian Turk; Maruthi Pavani; Jon McCarty; Chris Boggs; Aqil Jamal; Raghubir Gupta

2010-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

170

Electric retail market options: The customer perspective  

SciTech Connect

This report describes various options that are now available for retail electric customers, or that may become available during the next few years as the electric utility industry restructures. These options include different ways of meeting demand for energy services, different providers of service or points of contact with providers, and different pricing structures for purchased services. Purpose of this document is to examine these options from the customer`s perspective: how might being a retail electric customer in 5--10 years differ from now? Seizing opportunities to reduce cost of electric service is likely to entail working with different service providers; thus, transaction costs are involved. Some of the options considered are speculative. Some transitional options include relocation, customer-built/operated transmission lines, municipalization, self-generation, and long-term contracts with suppliers. All these may change or diminish in a restructured industry. Brokers seem likely to become more common unless restructuring takes the form of mandatory poolcos (wholesale). Some options appear robust, ie, they are likely to become more common regardless of how restructuring is accomplished: increased competition among energy carriers (gas vs electric), real-time pricing, etc. This report identified some of the qualitative differences among the various options. For customers using large amounts of electricity, different alternatives are likely to affect greatly service price, transaction costs, tailoring service to customer preferences, and risks for customer. For retail customers using small amounts of electricity, there may be little difference among the options except service price.

Hadley, S.W.; Hillsman, E.L.

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Load Profiling and Settlement for Retail Markets Methods Assessment Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Retail electric competition requires estimation of hourly loads for each retail supplier. Load profiling is the means by which loads for customers who do not have hourly metering are accounted for. This report presents an assessment of alternative load profiling and settlement methods for retail electric markets and provides a framework for evaluating costs and benefits of potential improvements to profiling and settlement systems. This report is available only to funders of Program 101A or 101.001. Fund...

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

Search engine advertising in web retailing : an efficiency analysis.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study examines the efficiency of search engine advertising strategies employed by firms. The research setting is the online retailing industry, which is characterized by… (more)

Mokaya, Brian O.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

A Piecewise Linearization Framework for Retail Shelf Space ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Oct 1, 2004 ... Abstract: Managing shelf space is critical for retailers to attract customers ... essential in-store costs and considers space- and cross-elasticities.

174

Coordination of Retail Demand Response with Midwest ISO Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Robinson, Michael, 2008, "Demand Response in Midwest ISOPresentation at MISO Demand Response Working Group Meeting,Coordination of Retail Demand Response with Midwest ISO

Bharvirkar, Ranjit

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Retail Price of No. 2 Fuel Oil to Residential Consumers  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Retail prices and Prime ...

176

Retail Electric Competition: A Blueprint for Consumer Protection...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Response to several FOIA requests - Renewable Energy Restructuring in Retrospect, 2001 REPORT TO CONGRESS ON COMPETITION IN WHOLESALE AND RETAIL MARKETS FOR ELECTRIC ENERGY...

177

Participation lags in most electricity retail choice States ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Fifteen States and the District of Columbia have active retail choice programs for residential electricity ... State regulators set the rates for customers not ...

178

Electricity retail choice is mandated in Texas and growing in ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Retail choice programs let electric power and natural gas customers ... These rates only slowly adjust to ... 15 States and the District of Columbia have active ...

179

State electric retail choice programs are popular with commercial ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

State electric retail choice programs are popular ... majority of industrial customers have signed up in 12 states. The highest participation rates are found in ...

180

Making Sense of Non-Binding Retail-Price Recommendations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

information about production costs, we show that RPRs may beis independent of production costs and punishment strategiesabout their own production costs than retailers. This seems

Gärtner, Dennis L; Buehler, Stefan

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retail outlets petrochemical" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

6. State Regulators Promote Consumer Choice in Retail Gas Markets  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy Information Administration Natural Gas 1996: Issues and Trends 113 6. State Regulators Promote Consumer Choice in Retail Gas Markets Restructur ...

182

Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. (Maryland) | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Maryland) Jump to: navigation, search Name Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. Place Maryland Utility Id 22509 References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 -...

183

Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. (Pennsylvania) | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Pennsylvania) Jump to: navigation, search Name Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. Place Pennsylvania Utility Id 22509 References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 -...

184

Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. (Delaware) | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Delaware) Jump to: navigation, search Name Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. Place Delaware Utility Id 22509 References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 -...

185

Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. (Massachusetts) | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Massachusetts) Jump to: navigation, search Name Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. Place Massachusetts Utility Id 22509 References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 -...

186

ENERGY STAR Building Upgrade Manual Chapter 13: Retail Stores...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

care resources Small business resources State and local government resources ENERGY STAR Building Upgrade Manual Chapter 13: Retail Stores The Building Upgrade Manual is a...

187

A Guide to US Retail Pricing Laws and Regulations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Guide to Retail Pricing Laws and Regulations. US Pricing Laws and Regulations by state. ... Contact New York directly for a complete listing. ...

2013-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

188

Drivers of gross margins in UK retail electricity.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? This thesis aims at explaining why the UK residential electricity (retail) market enjoys high gross margins in comparison to Vattenfall’s markets in for example… (more)

Törnqvist, Dan

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

U.S. Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

(Dollars per Gallon, Including Taxes) Area: ... EIA did not collect weekly retail motor gasoline data between December 10, 1990 and January 14, 1991.

190

Retail Unbundling - Minnesota - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Natural Gas Residential Programs by State. ... According to the PUC, no further work has been done to develop retail gas unbundling programs in ...

191

Retail Unbundling - District of Columbia - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

District of Columbia: Legislative and Regulatory Actions on Retail Unbundling Summary: ... Washington Gas Light tariff GT97-3 effective 10/22/99.

192

Refiner Retail Price of Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Retail prices and Prime ...

193

Retail Building Guide for Entrance Energy Efficiency Measures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This booklet is based on the findings of an infiltration analysis for supermarkets and large retail buildings without refrigerated cases. It enables retail building managers and engineers to calculate the energy savings potential for vestibule additions for supermarkets; and bay door operation changes in large retail stores without refrigerated cases. Retail managers can use initial estimates to decide whether to engage vendors or contractors of vestibules for pricing or site-specific analyses, or to decide whether to test bay door operation changes in pilot stores, respectively.

Stein, J.; Kung, F.

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Technologies for Upgrading Light Water Reactor Outlet Temperature  

SciTech Connect

Nuclear energy could potentially be utilized in hybrid energy systems to produce synthetic fuels and feedstocks from indigenous carbon sources such as coal and biomass. First generation nuclear hybrid energy system (NHES) technology will most likely be based on conventional light water reactors (LWRs). However, these LWRs provide thermal energy at temperatures of approximately 300°C, while the desired temperatures for many chemical processes are much higher. In order to realize the benefits of nuclear hybrid energy systems with the current LWR reactor fleets, selection and development of a complimentary temperature upgrading technology is necessary. This paper provides an initial assessment of technologies that may be well suited toward LWR outlet temperature upgrading for powering elevated temperature industrial and chemical processes during periods of off-peak power demand. Chemical heat transformers (CHTs) are a technology with the potential to meet LWR temperature upgrading requirements for NHESs. CHTs utilize chemical heat of reaction to change the temperature at which selected heat sources supply or consume thermal energy. CHTs could directly utilize LWR heat output without intermediate mechanical or electrical power conversion operations and the associated thermodynamic losses. CHT thermal characteristics are determined by selection of the chemical working pair and operating conditions. This paper discusses the chemical working pairs applicable to LWR outlet temperature upgrading and the CHT operating conditions required for providing process heat in NHES applications.

Daniel S. Wendt; Piyush Sabharwall; Vivek Utgikar

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Decision system based on neural networks to optimize the energy efficiency of a petrochemical plant  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The energy efficiency of industrial plants is an important issue in any type of business but particularly in the chemical industry. Not only is it important in order to reduce costs, but also it is necessary even more as a means of reducing the amount ... Keywords: Cost optimization, Crude oil distillation, Data mining, Decision system, Expert system, Neural network, Petrochemical plant

Ińigo Monedero; Félix Biscarri; Carlos León; Juan I. Guerrero; Rocio González; Luis Pérez-Lombard

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Barriers and drivers for process innovation in the petrochemical industry: A case study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Process innovation and energy efficiency improvement are among the key options to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in petrochemicals production. This case study presents some of the main drivers and barriers to activities aimed at improving existing processes ... Keywords: Barriers, Case study, Drivers, Energy efficiency, O31 Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives, Process innovation, Strategic innovation

Tao Ren

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

The impact of retail rate structures on the economics of commercial photovoltaic systems in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

design of retail electricity tariffs and want to understandof commercial electricity tariffs in the United States,the structure of retail electricity tariffs. Rate Design for

Mills, Andrew D.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

The Impact of Retail Rate Structures on the Economics of Commercial Photovoltaic Systems in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

design of retail electricity tariffs and want to understandof commercial electricity tariffs in the United States,the structure of retail electricity tariffs. Rate Design for

Mills, Andrew

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

The Impact of Retail Rate Structures on the Economics of Commercial Photovoltaic Systems in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

design of retail electricity tariffs and want to understandof commercial electricity tariffs, elucidates the principlesand design of retail electricity tariffs can impact the

Wiser, Ryan; Mills, Andrew; Barbose, Galen; Golove, William

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Patterns of Pass-through of Commodity Price Shocks to Retail Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

B. 1975. “The Farm-Retail Price Spread in a Competitive Foodthe Income Effect: Gasoline Prices and Grocery Purchases. ”2004. “Patterns of Retail Price Variation. ” The RAND

Berck, Peter; Leibtag, Ephraim S.; Villas-Boas, Sofia B.; Solis, Alex

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retail outlets petrochemical" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Retail prices: diesel outpaces gasoline - Today in Energy - U.S ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Since mid-2009 the price of retail diesel has been consistently higher than the price of retail regular grade gasoline. Strong diesel demand in emerging economies and ...

202

The LBNL Water Heater Retail Price Database  

SciTech Connect

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory developed the LBNL Water Heater Price Database to compile and organize information used in the revision of U.S. energy efficiency standards for water heaters. The Database contains all major components that contribute to the consumer cost of water heaters, including basic retail prices, sales taxes, installation costs, and any associated fees. In addition, the Database provides manufacturing data on the features and design characteristics of more than 1100 different water heater models. Data contained in the Database was collected over a two-year period from 1997 to 1999.

Lekov, Alex; Glover, Julie; Lutz, Jim

2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Advanced Energy Retrofit Guide Retail Buildings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Advanced Energy Retrofit Guide for Retail Buildings is a component of the Department of Energy’s Advanced Energy Retrofit Guides for Existing Buildings series. The aim of the guides is to facilitate a rapid escalation in the number of energy efficiency projects in existing buildings and to enhance the quality and depth of those projects. By presenting general project planning guidance as well as financial payback metrics for the most common energy efficiency measures, these guides provide a practical roadmap to effectively planning and implementing performance improvements for existing buildings.

Liu, Guopeng; Liu, Bing; Zhang, Jian; Wang, Weimin; Athalye, Rahul A.; Moser, Dave; Crowe, Eliot; Bengtson, Nick; Effinger, Mark; Webster, Lia; Hatten, Mike

2011-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

204

Revised 1997 Retail Electricity Price Forecast Principal Author: Ben Arikawa  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Revised 1997 Retail Electricity Price Forecast March 1998 Principal Author: Ben Arikawa Electricity Energy Commission until adopted at a public meeting. #12;Revised 1997 Retail Price Forecast, December ELECTRICITY PRICE FORECAST Introduction The Electricity Analysis Office of the California Energy Commission

205

Duke Energy Retail Sales, LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Retail Sales, LLC Retail Sales, LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name Duke Energy Retail Sales, LLC Place Ohio Utility Id 56502 Utility Location Yes Ownership R Activity Retail Marketing Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png No rate schedules available. Average Rates Residential: $0.0749/kWh Commercial: $0.0600/kWh Industrial: $0.0515/kWh References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Duke_Energy_Retail_Sales,_LLC&oldid=410603" Categories: EIA Utility Companies and Aliases

206

Retail: An Overview of Energy Use and Energy Efficiency Opportunities  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Retail: An Overview of Energy Use and Retail: An Overview of Energy Use and Energy Efficiency Opportunities Of the almost 5 million commercial buildings in the U.S. 1 , retail buildings account for the largest energy costs - nearly $20 billion each year 1 - and are also responsible for the second largest percentage of greenhouse gas emissions, leading to global climate change. By becoming more energy efficient, retailers can increase the comfort of customers and productivity of employees, and achieve cost savings that enhance corporate profitability. By using the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) ENERGY STAR tools and resources, retailers can save money and fight global climate change by reducing their energy use through energy efficiency measures. Energy Efficiency Tips

207

A Look at Retail and Service Buildings - Index Page  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Retail and Services Retail and Services Home: A Look at CBECS Building Activities How large are they? How many employees are there? Where are they located? How old are they? Who owns and occupies them? How do they use energy and how much does it cost? How do they use electricity? How do they use natural gas? What types of equipment do they use? How do they measure up on conservation efforts? Summary Comparison Table (All Activities) RETAIL AND SERVICE BUILDINGS There were an estimated 1,289,000 retail and service buildings in the U.S. in 1995. Number of Buildings In the Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS), information is collected separately for service buildings, enclosed malls, strip shopping centers, and retail buildings other than malls. In most CBECS publications, these types are all grouped into one category; where possible, this profile will look at each of these separately.

208

Mercantile (Retail Other Than Mall) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Retail Other Than Mall) Retail Other Than Mall) Jump to: navigation, search Building Type Mercantile (Retail Other Than Mall) Definition Buildings used for the sale and display of goods other than food. Sub Categories retail store; beer, wine, or liquor store; rental center; dealership or showroom for vehicles or boats; studio/gallery References EIA CBECS Building Types [1] References ↑ EIA CBECS Building Types U.S. Energy Information Administration (Oct 2008) Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Mercantile_(Retail_Other_Than_Mall)&oldid=270108" Category: CBECS Building Types What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version Permanent link Browse properties 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation:

209

Retail Inventory Management When Records are Inaccurate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Inventory record inaccuracy is a significant problem for retailers using automated inventory management systems. While investments in preventative and corrective measures can be effective remedies, gains can also be achieved through inventory management tools that account for record errors. In this paper, we consider intelligent inventory management tools that account for record errors using a Bayesian inventory record. We assume that excess demands are lost and unobserved, in which case sales data reveal information about physical inventory positions. We show that a probability distribution on inventory levels is a sufficient summary of past sales and replenishment observations, and that this probability distribution can be efficiently updated as observations are accumulated. We also demonstrate the use of this distribution as the basis for practical replenishment and inventory audit policies, and illustrate how the needed parameters can be estimated using data from a large national retailer. Our replenishment policies avoid the problem of “freezing, ” in which a physical inventory position persists at zero while the corresponding record is positive. In addition, simulation studies show that our replenishment policies recoup much of the cost of inventory record inaccuracy, and that our audit policies significantly outperform the popular “zero-balance walk ” audit policy. 1.

Nicole Dehoratius; Adam J. Mersereau; Linus Schrage

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Retail Heating Oil and Diesel Fuel Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 6 Notes: With the worst of the heating season (October-March) now behind us, we can be fairly confident that retail heating oil prices have seen their seasonal peak. Relatively mild weather and a softening of crude oil prices have helped ease heating oil prices. Spot heating oil prices recently reached their lowest levels in over six months. Because of relatively balmy weather in the Northeast in January and February, heating oil stock levels have stabilized. Furthermore, heating oil production has been unusually robust, running several hundred thousand barrels per day over last year's pace. Currently, EIA expects winter prices to average around $1.41, which is quite high in historical terms. The national average price in December 2000 was 44 cents per gallon above the December 1999 price. For February

211

Retail Demand Response in Southwest Power Pool  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

LBNL-1470E LBNL-1470E Retail Demand Response in Southwest Power Pool Ranjit Bharvirkar, Grayson Heffner and Charles Goldman Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Environmental Energy Technologies Division January 2009 The work described in this report was funded by the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability, Permitting, Siting and Analysis of the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231. ERNEST ORLANDO LAWRENCE BERKELEY NATIONAL LABORATORY Disclaimer This document was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the United States Government. While this document is believed to contain correct information, neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor The Regents of the University of California, nor any of

212

Retail Choice Experiments: Comparing Early-AdopterExperience  

SciTech Connect

This paper reviews the experience with retail choice of non-residential electricity customers during the period from early 1998 through the first few months of 2000. Key findings include: (1) customers in California received a significantly smaller discount from utility tariffs than customers in other competitive markets; (2) this sample of large commercial/industrial customers believed they were benefiting significantly more from commodity savings from contracts with retail electricity service providers (RESP) than from value-added services; and,(3) market rules appear to be critical to customer experiences with retail competition, yet the relationship between market rules and market development is inadequately understood.

Golove, William

2003-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

QUANTIFICATION OF FUGITIVE REACTIVE ALKENE EMISSIONS FROM PETROCHEMICAL PLANTS WITH PERFLUOROCARBON TRACERS.  

SciTech Connect

Recent studies demonstrate the impact of fugitive emissions of reactive alkenes on the atmospheric chemistry of the Houston Texas metropolitan area (1). Petrochemical plants located in and around the Houston area emit atmospheric alkenes, such as ethene, propene and 1,3-butadiene. The magnitude of emissions is a major uncertainty in assessing their effects. Even though the petrochemical industry reports that fugitive emissions of alkenes have been reduced to less than 0.1% of daily production, recent measurement data, obtained during the TexAQS 2000 experiment indicates that emissions are perhaps a factor of ten larger than estimated values. Industry figures for fugitive emissions are based on adding up estimated emission factors for every component in the plant to give a total estimated emission from the entire facility. The dramatic difference between estimated and measured rates indicates either that calculating emission fluxes by summing estimates for individual components is seriously flawed, possibly due to individual components leaking well beyond their estimated tolerances, that not all sources of emissions for a facility are being considered in emissions estimates, or that there are known sources of emissions that are not being reported. This experiment was designed to confirm estimates of reactive alkene emissions derived from analysis of the TexAQS 2000 data by releasing perfluorocarbon tracers (PFTs) at a known flux from a petrochemical plant and sampling both the perfluorocarbon tracer and reactive alkenes downwind using the Piper-Aztec research aircraft operated by Baylor University. PFTs have been extensively used to determine leaks in pipelines, air infiltration in buildings, and to characterize the transport and dispersion of air parcels in the atmosphere. Over 20 years of development by the Tracer Technology Center (TTC) has produced a range of analysis instruments, field samplers and PFT release equipment that have been successfully deployed in a large variety of experiments. PFTs are inert, nontoxic, noncombustible and nonreactive. Up to seven unique PFTs can be simultaneously released, sampled and analyzed and the technology is well suited for determining emission fluxes from large petrochemical facilities. The PFT experiment described here was designed to quantitate alkene emissions from a single petrochemical facility, but such experiments could be applied to other industrial sources or groups of sources in the Houston area.

SENUM,G.I.; DIETZ,R.N.

2004-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

214

TXU Energy Retail Co LP | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

TXU Energy Retail Co LP TXU Energy Retail Co LP Jump to: navigation, search Name TXU Energy Retail Co LP Place Texas Service Territory Texas Website www.txu.com Green Button Landing Page www.txu.com/en/residentia Green Button Reference Page www.txu.com/en/residentia Green Button Implemented Yes Utility Id 19327 Utility Location Yes Ownership R NERC ERCOT Yes Activity Retail Marketing Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png 12 (e-Saver Residential Service) Residential 18 (Free Nights Time-of-Use Residential Service) Residential Residential Residential Small Non-Residential Commercial

215

Improving promotional effectiveness through supplier-retailer collaboration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the consumer products industry, retail chains and manufacturers run promotions to maintain consumer and brand loyalty. The two major issues in planning and executing promotions are to accurately forecast demand and to ...

Kapur, Gautam, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

California Total Gasoline Retail Sales by Refiners (Thousand ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

California Total Gasoline Retail Sales by Refiners (Thousand Gallons per Day) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9; 1990's ...

217

Refiner Retail Price of Kerosene - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

History; U.S. 3.836: 3.786: 3.634: 3.840: 3.707: ... Alabama-----1984-2013: Arkansas----- ... Retail prices and Prime Supplier sales values shown for ...

218

Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. (Rhode Island) | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Rhode Island) Jump to: navigation, search Name Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. Place Rhode Island Utility Id 22509 References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 -...

219

Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. (District of Columbia...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

District of Columbia) Jump to: navigation, search Name Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. Place District of Columbia Utility Id 22509 References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data...

220

Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. (New Hampshire) | Open...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hampshire) Jump to: navigation, search Name Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. Place New Hampshire Utility Id 22509 References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 -...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retail outlets petrochemical" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. (Maine) | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Maine) Jump to: navigation, search Name Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. Place Maine Utility Id 22509 References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File220101...

222

Michigan Total Gasoline Retail Sales by Refiners (Thousand Gallons ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Michigan Total Gasoline Retail Sales by Refiners (Thousand Gallons per Day) Decade Year-0 Year-1 Year-2 Year-3 Year-4 Year-5 Year-6 Year-7 Year-8 Year-9; 1990's: 3,004.6:

223

Energy Star Building Upgrade Manual Facility Type: Retail Chapter...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Facility Type: Retail Revised January 2008 13.1 Challenges and Opportunities 2 13.2 Energy Use Profile 2 13.3 Technical Recommendations 4 Retrocommissioning 5 Lighting 6 Load...

224

Inventory optimization in a retail multi-echelon environment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The objective of the study is to find an optimal inventory distribution in a retail three-echelon environment, consisting of a supplier, a DC, and stores. An inventory model is built by replicating the echelons' periodic, ...

Arkaresvimun, Rintiya

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Census Division Number of Average Monthly Average Retail Price...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Average Monthly Average Retail Price Average Monthly Bill State Consumers Consumption (kWh) (Cents per Kilowatthour) (Dollar and cents) New England 34,271 67,907 12.55 8,520.25...

226

Texas Retail Energy, LLC (Texas) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Texas) Jump to: navigation, search Name Texas Retail Energy, LLC Place Texas Utility Id 50046 References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File220101 LinkedIn...

227

A franchising of retail operations : the case of the United States Postal Service building a retail network for the 21st century  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis is about the effects of changing customer preferences on the United States Postal Service's retail network and offers a process for wider adoption of its current retail partnership program. The Contract Postal ...

Sigmon, Kelly M. (Kelly Marie Berg)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Green Power Marketing in Retail Competition: An Early Assessment  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5939 5939 LBNL-42286 February 1999 Green Power Marketing in Retail Competition: An Early Assessment Ryan Wiser, Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Jeff Fang, Kevin Porter, and Ashley Houston, National Renewable Energy Laboratory National Renewable Energy Laboratory A national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy The Topical Issues Brief series is sponsored by DOE's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office of Power Technologies Green Power Marketing in Retail Competition i Contents Abstract ........................................................................................................................................ ii Acknowledgments ..........................................................................................................................

229

Solar power and retail electric competition in Arizona  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Arizona`s solar portfolio standard serves a model for utilities and regulators by linking solar power and retail electric competition. Like many states, Arizona is pursuing retail electric competition as a substitute for traditional regulated monopolies. In addition the development of the competitive market is being linked with the development of solar power. Topics covered include the following: a simple solar portfolio standard; cost of the solar portfolio; feasibility of the solar portfolio standard. 4 figs., 1 tab.

Berry, D.; Williamson, R. [Arizona Corp. Commission, Phoenix, AZ (United States)

1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Retail Buildings: Assessing and Reducing Plug and Process Loads in Retail Buildings (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

Plug and process loads (PPLs) in commercial buildings account for almost 5% of U.S. primary energy consumption. Minimizing these loads is a primary challenge in the design and operation of an energy-efficient building. PPLs are not related to general lighting, heating, ventilation, cooling, and water heating, and typically do not provide comfort to the occupants. They use an increasingly large fraction of the building energy use pie because the number and variety of electrical devices have increased along with building system efficiency. Reducing PPLs is difficult because energy efficiency opportunities and the equipment needed to address PPL energy use in retail spaces are poorly understood.

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

231

Coal and Co-generation at a Petro-Chemical Complex  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Celanese Chemical Company, Inc. is converting from natural gas to coal as boiler fuel at its petrochemical plant in the Texas Panhandle. Coincident with that fuel conversion is a project in conjunction with Southwestern Public Service Company. High pressure (1450 psig) steam generated from the new Celanese coal-fired boilers will be let down through a 30 megawatt, back pressure, turbine-generator set owned by Southwestern. Heat rate will be approximately 4800 Btu's/kwh. The paper describes some of the utility and industry challenges and how they were met.

Turek, P.; Gibson, G. L.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Retail Demand Response in Southwest Power Pool  

SciTech Connect

In 2007, the Southwest Power Pool (SPP) formed the Customer Response Task Force (CRTF) to identify barriers to deploying demand response (DR) resources in wholesale markets and develop policies to overcome these barriers. One of the initiatives of this Task Force was to develop more detailed information on existing retail DR programs and dynamic pricing tariffs, program rules, and utility operating practices. This report describes the results of a comprehensive survey conducted by LBNL in support of the Customer Response Task Force and discusses policy implications for integrating legacy retail DR programs and dynamic pricing tariffs into wholesale markets in the SPP region. LBNL conducted a detailed survey of existing DR programs and dynamic pricing tariffs administered by SPP's member utilities. Survey respondents were asked to provide information on advance notice requirements to customers, operational triggers used to call events (e.g. system emergencies, market conditions, local emergencies), use of these DR resources to meet planning reserves requirements, DR resource availability (e.g. seasonal, annual), participant incentive structures, and monitoring and verification (M&V) protocols. Nearly all of the 30 load-serving entities in SPP responded to the survey. Of this group, fourteen SPP member utilities administer 36 DR programs, five dynamic pricing tariffs, and six voluntary customer response initiatives. These existing DR programs and dynamic pricing tariffs have a peak demand reduction potential of 1,552 MW. Other major findings of this study are: o About 81percent of available DR is from interruptible rate tariffs offered to large commercial and industrial customers, while direct load control (DLC) programs account for ~;;14percent. o Arkansas accounts for ~;;50percent of the DR resources in the SPP footprint; these DR resources are primarily managed by cooperatives. o Publicly-owned cooperatives accounted for 54percent of the existing DR resources among SPP members. For these entities, investment in DR is often driven by the need to reduce summer peak demand that is used to set demand charges for each distribution cooperative. o About 65-70percent of the interruptible/curtailable tariffs and DLC programs are routinely triggered based on market conditions, not just for system emergencies. Approximately, 53percent of the DR resources are available with less than two hours advance notice and 447 MW can be dispatched with less than thirty minutes notice. o Most legacy DR programs offered a reservation payment ($/kW) for participation; incentive payment levels ranged from $0.40 to $8.30/kW-month for interruptible rate tariffs and $0.30 to $4.60/kW-month for DLC programs. A few interruptible programs offered incentive payments which were explicitly linkedto actual load reductions during events; payments ranged from 2 to 40 cents/kWh for load curtailed.

Bharvirkar, Ranjit; Heffner, Grayson; Goldman, Charles

2009-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

233

Hydrocarbon Source Signatures in Houston, Texas: Influence of the Petrochemical Industry  

SciTech Connect

Observations of C1-C10 hydrocarbon mixing ratios measured by in-situ instrumentation at the La Porte super site during the TexAQS 2000 field experiment are reported. The La Porte data were compared to a roadway vehicle exhaust signature obtained from canister samples collected in the Houston Washburn tunnel during the same summer to better understand the impact of petrochemical emissions of hydrocarbons at the site. It is shown that the abundance of ethene, propene, 1-butene, C2-C4 alkanes, hexane, cyclohexane, methylcyclohexane, isopropylbenzene, and styrene at La Porte were systematically impacted by petrochemical industry emissions. Coherent power law relationships between frequency distribution widths of hydrocarbon mixing ratios and their local lifetimes clearly identify two major source groups, roadway vehicle emissions and industrial emissions. Distributions of most aromatics and long chain alkanes were consistent with roadway vehicle emissions as the dominant source. Airmass reactivity was generally dominated by C1-C3 aldehydes. Propene and ethene sometimes dominated air mass reactivity with HO loss frequencies often greater than 10 s-1. Ozone mixing ratios near 200 ppbv were observed on two separate occasions and these air masses appear to have been impacted by industrial emissions of alkenes from the Houston Ship Channel. The La Porte data provide evidence of the importance of industrial emissions of ethene and propene on air masses reactivity and ozone formation in Houston.

Jobson, B Tom T.; Berkowitz, Carl M.; Kuster, W. C.; Goldan, P. D.; Williams, E. J.; Fesenfeld, F.; Apel, Eric; Karl, Thomas G.; Lonneman, William A.; Riemer, D.

2004-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

234

The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose this week The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose slightly to 3.90 a gallon on Monday. That's...

235

E85 Retail Business Case: When and Why to Sell E85  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NREL developed a model to test the investment profitability of adding E85 to retail stations. This report discusses this model and how retailers can make E85 a profitable business venture.

Johnson, C.; Melendez, M.

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Place making in new retail developments : the role of local, independently owned businesses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis sets out to examine whether incorporating local independent or small regional chain retailers and restaurants along with national chain stores in new large scale open-air retail developments can help add to a ...

Laniado, Linda (Linda Caroline)

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

Why do we need electricity retailers?; or, can you get it cheaper wholesale?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The opportunities for retail electricity competition to provide new value-added services to retail electricity consumers are discussed. The physical attributes of electricity supply make many of the traditional "convenience ...

Joskow, Paul L.

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

What was the highest U.S. average retail price of regular ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

What was the highest U.S. average retail price of regular gasoline? According to EIA’s weekly survey, the U.S. average retail price of regular ...

239

Reliant Energy Retail Services, LLC Smart Grid Project | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Reliant Energy Retail Services, LLC Reliant Energy Retail Services, LLC Country United States Headquarters Location Houston, Texas Recovery Act Funding $19839689 Total Project Value $63696548 Coverage Area Coverage Map: Reliant Energy Retail Services, LLC Smart Grid Project Coordinates 29.7632836°, -95.3632715° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[]}

240

Retail Demand Response in Southwest Power Pool | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Demand Response in Southwest Power Pool Demand Response in Southwest Power Pool Retail Demand Response in Southwest Power Pool In 2007, the Southwest Power Pool (SPP) formed the Customer Response Task Force (CRTF) to identify barriers to deploying demand response (DR) resources in wholesale markets and develop policies to overcome these barriers. One of the initiatives of this Task Force was to develop more detailed information on existing retail DR programs and dynamic pricing tariffs, program rules, and utility operating practices. This report describes the results of a comprehensive survey conducted by LBNL in support of the Customer Response Task Force and discusses policy implications for integrating legacy retail DR programs and dynamic pricing tariffs into wholesale markets in the SPP region.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retail outlets petrochemical" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Large Scale Geothermal Exchange System for Residential, Office and Retail  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Geothermal Exchange System for Residential, Office and Retail Geothermal Exchange System for Residential, Office and Retail Development Geothermal Project Jump to: navigation, search Last modified on July 22, 2011. Project Title Large Scale Geothermal Exchange System for Residential, Office and Retail Development Project Type / Topic 1 Recovery Act - Geothermal Technologies Program: Ground Source Heat Pumps Project Type / Topic 2 Topic Area 1: Technology Demonstration Projects Project Description RiverHeath will be a new neighborhood, with residences, shops, restaurants, and offices. The design incorporates walking trails, community gardens, green roofs, and innovative stormwater controls. A major component of the project is our reliance on renewable energy. One legacy of the land's industrial past is an onsite hydro-electric facility which formerly powered the paper factories. The onsite hydro is being refurbished and will furnish 100% of the project's electricity demand.

242

DataTrends Energy Use in Retail Stores  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Retail Stores Retail Stores The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager is changing the way organizations track and manage energy. Because of this widespread market adoption, EPA has prepared the DataTrends series to examine benchmarking and trends in energy and water consumption in Portfolio Manager. To learn more, visit www.energystar.gov/DataTrends. Energy use intensity (EUI) ranges from less than 100 to more than 800 kBtu/ft 2 across all retail buildings, with those at the 95th percentile using more than 3 times the energy of those at the 5th percentile. The distribution has a negative skew, which means the most energy intensive buildings are much further away from

243

Retail Product Prices Are Driven By Crude Oil  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 6 Notes: Retail prices for both gasoline and diesel fuel have risen strongly over the past two years, driven mostly by the rise in world crude oil prices to their highest levels since the Persian Gulf War. Of course, there are a number of other significant factors that impact retail product prices, the most important of which is the supply/demand balance for each product. But the point of this slide is to show that generally speaking, as world crude oil prices rise and fall, so do retail product prices. Because of the critical importance of crude oil price levels, my presentation today will look first at global oil supply and demand, and then at the factors that differentiate the markets for each product. I'll also talk briefly about natural gas, and the impact that gas

244

Recent Weekly Retail Price Changes Have Been as Expected  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1 1 Notes: Using the results of this research, EIA has been able to create a model that takes observed changes in spot prices over the previous weeks, and forecasts what this week's retail price change will be. As you can see from this chart, we've been fairly successful. This chart shows that the model is quite accurate at forecasting one week ahead. In fact, in the first 28 weeks of this year, our model correctly forecasted the direction of the retail price change 26 times, for an accuracy rate of 93 percent . Additionally, as you can see, most weeks it did a very good job of forecasting the relative magnitude of the increase or decrease in retail prices. We're still refining this model, and customizing it for each region, so we've got quite a bit of work left

245

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Hampshire" Hampshire" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",3444,3357,3428,3420,3431,3364,3429,3389,3401,3640,3656,3789,4003,4252,4282,4495,4401,4493,4394,4422,4485,36,41.2 " Commercial",2010,2029,2077,2123,3221,3226,3246,3280,3351,3604,3774,3911,4024,4318,4363,4576,4563,4570,4518,4441,4462,37.2,41 " Industrial",3418,3265,3333,3100,2182,2286,2344,2372,2425,2516,2597,2483,2222,2403,2328,2174,2131,2173,2065,1836,1942,25.6,17.8 " Other",107,111,116,118,122,131,127,127,127,128,131,133,134,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",1.3,"-"

246

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Illinois" Illinois" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",32871,35964,32367,35226,35706,38386,37554,37264,39707,39631,40146,41820,45030,43161,43443,48593,46381,48036,46780,44324,48583,29.8,33.6 " Commercial",31734,33119,31457,34355,35663,37217,37441,38161,39792,41968,43855,43135,44244,49561,47358,49977,50631,52043,51770,50329,51437,32.6,35.5 " Industrial",39299,39712,40898,40249,41765,42251,42423,42837,43377,41972,40939,40780,39288,43042,48008,45888,44916,45430,45503,41507,44180,30.4,30.5 " Other",7672,8074,7798,7956,8356,8377,8572,8692,8820,9111,9756,10298,9886,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",7.2,"-"

247

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Idaho" Idaho" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",5626,5971,5739,6245,6222,6193,6508,6628,6610,6806,7006,6906,7056,7090,7314,7601,8057,8339,8540,8554,8137,30.7,35.7 " Commercial",4894,4865,5340,4969,5638,5291,5883,5969,6005,6450,7068,6543,6963,5466,5484,5615,5813,6015,6049,6005,5865,31,25.7 " Industrial",7165,6909,7551,7222,7647,7843,9042,9481,9193,9171,8408,7305,6352,8663,9011,8636,8891,9401,9313,8195,8796,36.8,38.6 " Other",318,301,379,284,373,293,348,316,268,296,352,342,329,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",1.5,"-"

248

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Ohio" Ohio" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",37889,40942,39141,41950,41791,44010,44573,43635,44516,46629,46488,47346,50864,49621,50300,53904,51375,54376,53411,51405,54474,28.1,35.3 " Commercial",30541,32325,31818,33299,34053,35549,36034,36373,38472,39461,40757,39372,39924,44737,45313,46870,46141,48129,47310,45370,46526,24.7,30.2 " Industrial",69682,67856,69674,68831,74010,74473,73394,73888,72998,74293,74019,65099,58472,57828,58558,59354,55869,59219,58621,49486,53109,44.8,34.5 " Other",4354,4534,4383,4491,4522,4592,4585,4612,3807,3888,3930,3981,4148,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",2.4,"-"

249

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Carolina" Carolina" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",18258,18707,18940,20687,19903,21392,22514,21611,23558,23699,25270,24875,26787,26422,27910,28676,28539,29569,29727,29556,32852,32.8,39.8 " Commercial",11927,12209,12375,13177,13393,14020,14545,14806,16370,16585,17483,17484,18157,19336,20113,20498,20923,21746,21676,21440,22320,22.7,27.1 " Industrial",24701,25361,26305,26867,27760,28819,29185,31278,31606,32117,33308,31528,31926,31296,31886,32080,31416,30632,29247,25421,27307,43.2,33.1 " Other",766,793,781,802,802,843,843,840,920,903,951,946,950,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",1.2,"-"

250

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Rhode Island" Rhode Island" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",2376,2369,2363,2412,2457,2472,2481,2486,2522,2667,2664,2699,2829,2998,3000,3171,3008,3132,3043,2937,3118,36.5,40 " Commercial",2492,2474,2481,2532,2563,2625,2607,2697,2731,3171,3166,3240,3316,3490,3542,3628,3599,3710,3700,3691,3693,43.4,47.4 " Industrial",1354,1363,1359,1419,1378,1374,1351,1386,1458,1158,1394,1386,1331,1309,1345,1250,1191,1171,1075,990,961,19.1,12.3 " Other",196,197,190,186,174,165,165,174,177,154,78,68,85,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",1.1,"-"

251

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Nevada" Nevada" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",5540,5782,6064,6281,6845,6655,7526,7801,7975,8386,9406,9607,9702,10340,10673,11080,11978,12390,12061,11880,11615,33.8,34.4 " Commercial",3866,3987,4175,4298,4612,4731,5150,5454,5655,6049,6548,6693,7538,8168,8275,8516,8975,9352,9304,8950,8970,23.6,26.6 " Industrial",6263,6173,6723,7181,7775,8496,9075,10034,10518,10861,11239,11239,11373,11624,12364,12897,13625,13893,13820,13445,13180,40.4,39 " Other",684,684,734,740,805,777,823,930,889,958,598,628,592,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",2.2,"-"

252

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Connecticut" Connecticut" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",10376,10441,10496,10597,10898,10760,10943,10859,10935,11619,11645,11975,12473,13178,13211,13803,12963,13372,12730,12578,13065,38.9,43 " Commercial",10342,10544,10485,10677,10845,10926,11172,11278,11683,11834,11932,12442,12614,13094,13455,13949,13611,15126,13665,13257,13428,39.8,44.2 " Industrial",6100,5822,5780,5597,5917,5913,5928,5919,5838,5836,5811,5572,5370,5366,5358,5153,4926,5433,4371,3692,3713,19.4,12.2 " Other",369,364,367,368,366,370,374,376,500,515,564,552,548,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",1.9,"-"

253

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Montana" Montana" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",3358,3459,3286,3598,3567,3640,3911,3804,3722,3664,3908,3886,4031,4120,4053,4221,4394,4542,4669,4774,4743,26.8,35.3 " Commercial",2738,2819,2859,3026,3096,3133,3299,3293,3313,3025,3792,3866,4003,4438,4330,4473,4686,4828,4826,4779,4789,26,35.7 " Industrial",6529,6622,6414,5837,5961,6368,6306,4537,6774,6258,6568,3370,4463,4267,4574,4784,4735,6163,5831,4773,3891,45,29 " Other",499,507,536,469,561,278,305,284,335,334,312,324,335,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",2.1,"-"

254

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

District of Columbia" District of Columbia" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",1480,1580,1488,1635,1572,1608,1614,1554,1596,1643,1624,1699,1790,1754,1834,1938,1822,1970,1897,1859,2123,15.3,17.9 " Commercial",5073,5238,5227,5418,8093,8079,7905,7925,8051,8146,8332,8539,8645,8639,8994,9296,9030,9519,9290,9714,9209,78.5,77.5 " Industrial",2976,3053,2987,2976,267,262,252,262,262,249,273,281,282,267,282,256,240,297,305,305,230,2.6,1.9 " Other",319,324,341,346,363,366,366,366,372,380,387,362,411,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",3.6,"-"

255

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

California" California" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",66575,66017,68121,67359,68866,68783,71396,73086,75205,75303,79241,76668,77202,82926,83361,85610,89836,89158,91231,89799,87257,32.5,33.8 " Commercial",79691,78425,80235,79058,76925,80874,83392,83574,92517,86371,92697,96459,102587,109578,118953,117551,121255,123690,125026,121105,121152,38,46.9 " Industrial",55892,56191,57090,56189,59864,57367,57683,62017,61641,63217,64311,63041,48448,49909,48812,50242,50991,50538,51031,47835,49301,26.4,19.1 " Other",8935,8018,8002,7894,8030,5580,5642,9203,7071,9940,7808,11591,6976,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",3.2,"-"

256

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Vermont" Vermont" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",1809,1783,1927,1971,2009,1973,2006,1992,1951,1999,2037,2009,2047,2011,2109,2189,2142,2170,2133,2122,2128,36.1,38 " Commercial",1484,1491,1527,1570,1586,1605,1649,1675,1786,1896,1910,1926,1946,1881,1978,2051,2027,2059,2043,1991,2021,33.9,36.1 " Industrial",1381,1390,1440,1431,1435,1484,1537,1561,1534,1587,1646,1608,1592,1460,1577,1644,1626,1635,1565,1383,1446,29.2,25.8 " Other",42,40,47,44,36,42,48,84,92,45,46,42,45,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",0.8,"-"

257

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Dakota" Dakota" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",2954,3096,3020,3209,3243,3384,3602,3437,3272,3307,3390,3480,3664,3707,3663,3796,3853,4067,4259,4449,4393,36,33.9 " Commercial",1795,1876,1752,1831,1884,2237,2378,2300,2305,2350,2554,3071,3404,3800,3843,3994,4127,4215,4460,4558,4714,27.1,36.4 " Industrial",1760,1762,1835,1905,2011,1771,1835,2076,2187,3013,3031,2753,2636,2954,3010,3050,3266,3624,3697,3641,3850,32.2,29.7 " Other",506,521,521,487,542,490,500,469,456,443,438,506,516,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",4.7,"-"

258

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Utah" Utah" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",4246,4460,4505,4726,5009,5041,5481,5661,5756,6236,6514,6693,6938,7166,7325,7567,8232,8752,8786,8725,8834,28.1,31.5 " Commercial",4515,4734,4956,5020,5500,5642,5911,6469,6709,7282,7884,8262,8463,9024,9345,9417,9749,10241,10286,10235,10368,34,37 " Industrial",5766,5876,6212,6221,6498,6957,7660,7430,7511,7568,7917,7411,7019,7646,7816,7989,8356,8759,9086,8594,8808,34.1,31.4 " Other",875,837,894,900,841,820,806,815,724,792,870,851,846,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",3.8,"-"

259

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Texas" Texas" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",82548,84088,81934,87686,89793,92831,99656,101094,110434,108591,116895,117343,121435,121355,120330,126562,126843,124921,127712,129797,137161,36.7,38.3 " Commercial",62238,61447,61696,64331,66467,68580,70866,72042,77231,79388,84848,87912,87746,96694,99616,110784,111130,110540,113473,118497,121467,26.7,33.9 " Industrial",84087,84122,85421,86933,90329,90093,95308,100429,102702,99741,101588,98208,102251,104547,100588,96841,104689,108300,105806,96931,99754,31.9,27.8

260

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Iowa" Iowa" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",10513,11159,10290,11103,11062,11640,11537,11673,11855,11867,12029,12430,12921,12768,12625,13571,13344,14060,14073,13723,14555,30.8,32 " Commercial",6727,7123,7019,7269,7477,7607,7338,7594,8034,8269,8375,8512,8803,11637,10840,11271,11660,12084,12178,11706,12025,21.4,26.5 " Industrial",11392,11684,12134,12465,13224,13771,14789,15531,16079,16499,17127,16238,16548,16803,17437,17915,18331,19125,19237,18211,18865,43.8,41.5 " Other",804,815,765,1267,1276,1284,1335,1350,1350,1399,1558,2264,2626,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",4,"-"

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retail outlets petrochemical" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Georgia" Georgia" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",29933,30187,30528,33867,32735,35812,37763,36831,41519,41767,44560,44380,48600,48174,51124,52827,54521,56223,55587,55158,61554,37.4,43.8 " Commercial",22868,23241,23715,25169,26161,27741,29140,30200,32766,34093,36951,37839,38887,40554,42316,44663,45547,46997,46876,46080,47897,31,34 " Industrial",26717,27193,28197,29084,29942,31493,33175,33957,35077,35255,36085,33941,34603,34768,35846,34602,34588,34054,32529,29348,31047,30.3,22.1 " Other",922,919,952,1071,1075,1145,1229,1262,1358,1541,1589,1631,1699,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",1.3,"-"

262

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Tennessee" Tennessee" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",28757,29605,29498,30199,32797,30967,35333,33367,35428,35425,36622,36932,38752,37697,38526,41132,40816,42880,41947,40117,45191,38.3,43.7 " Commercial",12128,12097,6470,5175,5154,5176,5548,24745,24840,25228,25757,25974,26523,27481,28249,29146,29033,29985,29418,27962,29399,26.9,28.4 " Industrial",35313,35667,41695,43530,43614,44828,45781,27710,30461,31493,32289,32149,31845,32278,32885,33625,34081,33850,32804,26569,28930,33.7,27.9 " Other",947,1021,922,928,968,1060,996,1095,1021,1035,1060,1077,1113,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",1.1,"-"

263

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Arizona" Arizona" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",15378,15641,16230,16705,18212,18036,19746,20683,21611,22517,24844,26200,26413,27742,28921,30544,32367,34437,33236,32847,32448,40.6,44.6 " Commercial",13731,13982,14468,14813,15625,16290,17252,17788,18440,19776,21411,22045,22371,25425,26106,27468,28626,30475,30162,29386,28943,35,39.7 " Industrial",10034,10405,11055,10989,11303,11992,12783,13253,12549,12456,11975,11377,11026,10914,11906,11379,12259,12281,12869,11200,11442,19.6,15.7 " Other",2327,1820,1898,1901,2142,2272,2303,2732,3244,2912,2900,2652,2791,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",4.7,"-"

264

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

United States" United States" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",924019,955417,935939,994781,1008482,1042501,1082512,1075880,1130109,1144923,1192446,1201607,1265180,1275824,1291982,1359227,1351520,1392241,1379981,1364474,1445708,34.9,38.5 " Commercial",751027,765664,761271,794573,820269,862685,887445,928633,979401,1001996,1055232,1083069,1104497,1198728,1230425,1275079,1299744,1336315,1335981,1307168,1330199,30.8,35.4 " Industrial",945522,946583,972714,977164,1007981,1012693,1033631,1038197,1051203,1058217,1064239,996609,990238,1012373,1017850,1019156,1011298,1027832,1009300,917442,970873,31.1,25.9

265

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Oklahoma" Oklahoma" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",17077,15325,14254,15901,16128,16319,17303,17376,19511,18301,19640,19796,19927,20162,19699,21309,21690,21361,21861,21641,23689,39.6,41 " Commercial",11634,10587,10338,10824,11121,11115,11553,11754,12459,12398,13115,13552,13097,16958,17020,17477,18197,18634,19022,18662,19005,26.5,32.9 " Industrial",11764,11415,11599,11699,11721,11714,12160,12802,13175,13271,13935,13356,12898,13308,14223,14920,15018,15198,15395,14233,15152,28.1,26.2 " Other",2029,2078,2076,2107,2173,2244,2276,2521,2752,2766,2874,2963,3564,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",5.8,"-"

266

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Florida" Florida" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",71115,72814,73189,76827,80595,85770,88315,87845,95768,93846,99006,101377,108164,112650,112203,115791,117053,117816,113937,115474,122245,50.6,52.9 " Commercial",51342,52441,52620,54876,57447,60079,60988,63337,67346,69055,72130,73958,77561,85257,86765,89410,91300,93931,93205,92275,91614,36.8,39.6 " Industrial",16605,16482,16497,16298,16513,16473,17212,18266,18448,18579,18884,19854,18959,19375,19518,19676,19768,19241,18945,16918,17265,9.6,7.5 " Other",4473,4599,4704,4747,4989,5171,5317,5593,5792,5790,5824,5563,5789,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",3,"-"

267

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Oregon" Oregon" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",15380,15949,15202,16696,16462,16315,17285,17185,17529,18058,18212,17503,17554,17736,18001,18339,18978,19374,19910,19804,18839,36.2,40.9 " Commercial",11319,11614,11818,12205,12660,12900,13388,14047,14324,14912,15289,14816,14902,15483,15667,15380,16083,16187,16313,15978,15454,30.4,33.6 " Industrial",15498,15297,15123,15012,15072,15839,17029,16880,14640,14106,16353,13084,12296,11961,11954,12684,12991,13117,12945,11761,11708,32.5,25.4 " Other",780,791,766,664,777,672,708,440,414,468,476,481,503,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",0.9,"-"

268

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Dakota" Dakota" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",2866,3040,2843,3109,3147,3268,3426,3376,3303,3302,3423,3580,3733,3740,3696,3973,4051,4261,4406,4511,4628,41.3,40.8 " Commercial",1450,1522,1518,1621,1919,2088,2179,2207,2263,2291,2422,2915,3062,3713,3627,3998,4054,4181,4240,4238,4368,29.2,38.5 " Industrial",1657,1726,1777,1847,1762,1722,1785,1841,1868,1949,2003,1666,1604,1627,1891,1840,1952,2161,2328,2260,2360,24.2,20.8 " Other",361,397,356,327,346,335,346,349,390,381,435,465,538,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",5.3,"-"

269

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Hawaii" Hawaii" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",2324,2396,2438,2469,2557,2606,2676,2668,2641,2689,2765,2802,2898,3028,3162,3164,3182,3201,3085,3055,2989,28.5,29.8 " Commercial",2194,2298,2356,2363,2543,2721,2761,2782,2776,2887,3036,3129,3168,3517,3632,3463,3490,3520,3501,3388,3355,31.3,33.5 " Industrial",3734,3773,3811,3770,3791,3803,3884,3856,3787,3748,3834,3790,3770,3846,3937,3912,3896,3864,3804,3683,3672,39.6,36.7 " Other",58,58,61,56,58,57,58,57,57,57,56,63,55,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",0.6,"-"

270

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Missouri" Missouri" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",21652,23386,21294,24182,24057,25409,26448,26595,28265,27766,29581,30168,31684,31422,31351,34412,33880,35872,35390,34221,37302,40.7,43.3 " Commercial",18469,19112,18792,19914,20614,21606,22522,22864,23920,24111,25875,26029,26796,27987,28391,29640,29800,31126,31118,30394,31431,35.6,36.5 " Industrial",12937,13114,13440,13618,14106,14321,14915,15267,15801,16122,16080,15815,15341,14831,14303,16869,18316,18515,17850,15050,17330,22.1,20.1 " Other",866,902,885,908,916,923,958,985,1024,1046,1106,1201,1179,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",1.5,"-"

271

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Pennsylvania" Pennsylvania" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",38164,39598,39245,41455,42239,42802,43645,42785,42923,44126,45008,46030,48730,49651,50663,53661,51790,54587,54060,52906,55253,33.6,37.1 " Commercial",29159,30553,30779,32252,33395,34544,35396,35925,37246,37596,42002,40553,42632,43218,44355,45782,45624,47531,47347,46411,47366,31.4,31.8 " Industrial",45992,44728,44869,44949,46076,47528,47208,48063,48815,46059,45449,47383,47090,46773,47659,47950,47920,48579,48131,43552,45458,34,30.5 " Other",1435,1459,1394,1325,1336,1377,1375,1304,1223,1102,1387,1306,1368,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",1,"-"

272

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Nebraska" Nebraska" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",6800,7138,6561,7226,7379,7597,7741,7989,8160,7929,8346,8638,8956,8852,8757,9309,9294,9748,9749,9627,10107,34.3,33.9 " Commercial",5086,5291,5266,5471,5809,5986,6272,6500,6594,6661,7041,7232,7384,8583,8501,8848,9006,9396,9438,9314,9532,28.9,31.9 " Industrial",4618,4690,4752,4963,5345,5802,6193,6580,6916,6883,7276,7328,7563,8421,8618,8819,8977,9104,9624,9511,10210,29.9,34.2 " Other",1364,1486,1204,1089,1340,1508,1291,1514,1475,1336,1686,1525,1758,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",6.9,"-"

273

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Delaware" Delaware" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",2651,2824,2786,3044,3107,3168,3271,3257,3339,3532,3575,3734,4020,4190,4305,4594,4259,4470,4428,4335,4760,31.7,41 " Commercial",2311,2420,2445,2605,2685,2842,2911,3068,3227,3353,4050,3605,3787,3886,4033,4238,4196,4321,4339,4185,4320,35.9,37.2 " Industrial",3272,3241,3248,3417,3447,3511,3399,3741,3779,3613,3601,3978,4151,4523,3423,3305,3100,3078,2982,2738,2526,31.9,21.8 " Other",50,51,53,56,60,58,59,56,53,54,49,62,60,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",0.4,"-"

274

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Virginia" Virginia" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",28130,29607,29780,32472,32343,33472,34651,33923,34703,35779,37541,37325,40358,40877,42503,44662,42906,45481,44597,44763,48439,38.8,42.6 " Commercial",20213,21230,21610,22727,22948,24028,24565,24905,26176,26968,28299,29066,29999,41179,43025,44670,44654,46971,46878,46828,48037,29.3,42.2 " Industrial",16399,16029,16714,17390,18154,18554,19021,19249,20024,20269,20619,19702,19521,19282,19734,19354,18998,18925,18438,16678,17141,21.3,15.1 " Other",7955,8245,8345,8783,8766,9109,9359,9342,9705,10017,10256,10360,10740,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",10.6,"-"

275

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Washington" Washington" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",28809,29889,28436,30932,29673,30147,32012,31749,31362,32817,33036,31608,32066,31872,32455,33212,34439,35389,36336,36753,34907,34.2,38.6 " Commercial",17683,18143,18727,19531,19752,20401,21451,21600,22248,23009,23991,23841,24310,28039,28226,28100,28580,29599,29878,30055,28833,24.9,31.9 " Industrial",40712,40839,38332,36563,34065,34276,31247,33956,37616,39499,35410,19339,15792,18180,19259,22112,22013,20753,21117,23354,26633,36.7,29.5 " Other",3842,3842,3825,3447,3643,3528,3713,3627,3645,3706,4075,3707,3237,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",4.2,"-"

276

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

West Virginia" West Virginia" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",7578,8106,8138,8682,8663,9166,9277,9027,9053,9452,9738,9828,10444,10473,10756,11384,11014,11749,11763,11588,12443,35.2,38.8 " Commercial",4991,5219,5228,5480,5539,5852,5936,5944,6208,6473,6796,6786,7039,7136,7217,7452,7377,7769,7716,7694,7962,24.5,24.9 " Industrial",10469,10206,10370,10187,10482,10867,10820,11180,11161,11126,11083,10978,10902,10687,10942,11312,13916,14661,14738,10985,11623,40,36.3 " Other",94,94,95,92,92,92,94,96,89,92,76,78,78,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",0.3,"-"

277

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Alabama" Alabama" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",20719,21293,21137,22628,23159,24314,25634,24893,27327,27048,28756,27802,30022,29416,30109,31315,32277,32783,32185,31489,35529,34.4,39.1 " Commercial",10979,11349,10917,11254,11844,12284,13328,16397,17662,18145,19057,18868,19666,20411,21166,21608,22120,22873,22533,21918,22984,22.8,25.3 " Industrial",27618,27985,29476,30524,31919,32847,33523,32617,33539,34533,35034,31949,32615,34017,35595,36279,36281,36172,34990,29437,32350,41.9,35.6 " Other",610,599,637,652,659,561,620,646,644,676,677,739,764,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",0.8,"-"

278

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Louisiana" Louisiana" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",21434,21577,21188,22430,22629,24116,24311,24502,26709,26426,27719,25800,28157,28572,28863,28654,28113,28878,28846,29747,32679,34.4,38.4 " Commercial",13814,13970,13839,14398,15041,15575,15920,16222,17274,17581,18225,17722,18686,21944,22568,21692,21979,22887,22939,23301,24203,22.6,28.4 " Industrial",25862,26584,27466,28439,29870,30692,32544,32493,30999,31484,31950,28574,29662,27251,28290,27031,27373,27799,26932,25613,28187,39.6,33.1 " Other",2716,2573,2605,2488,2593,2444,2494,2669,2734,2776,2795,2596,2756,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",3.5,"-"

279

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Alaska" Alaska" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",1661,1603,1640,1629,1688,1713,1766,1726,1768,1866,1855,1891,1932,1987,2062,2062,2120,2114,2129,2117,2093,34.9,33.5 " Commercial",1972,2005,2035,2062,2155,2200,2250,2181,2307,2385,2236,2289,2238,2473,2601,2695,2819,2828,2851,2841,2830,42.1,45.3 " Industrial",459,466,504,501,511,546,584,756,818,844,1037,1079,1088,1104,1126,1156,1243,1384,1344,1311,1324,19.5,21.2 " Other",161,182,160,182,179,172,179,178,202,198,182,194,207,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",3.4,"-"

280

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Kansas" Kansas" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",9515,9933,8873,9986,10131,10356,10672,10862,11832,11347,12528,12062,12745,12602,12417,13406,13503,13806,13392,13149,14334,34.9,35.5 " Commercial",9169,9551,9400,9753,10111,10273,11005,11424,12073,11822,12511,12787,13392,13751,13831,14453,14786,15474,15358,15007,15436,34.8,38.2 " Industrial",8087,8284,8451,8702,9001,9356,9231,9365,9762,10215,10222,10569,10195,10382,10879,11165,11462,10885,10766,10087,10651,28.5,26.3 " Other",378,384,346,367,371,372,383,618,473,436,660,429,381,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",1.8,"-"

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281

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Kentucky" Kentucky" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",16814,18644,17787,19223,19481,20537,21353,20998,21669,22548,23374,23698,25347,24704,25187,26947,25949,28004,27562,26525,29137,29.8,31.1 " Commercial",9252,9900,9576,9829,10095,10524,10659,12169,12729,13222,13933,14338,14745,17946,18443,19091,18941,20035,19669,18696,19411,17.8,20.7 " Industrial",32543,32939,37084,36320,40049,40490,41930,40600,38260,40054,37689,38676,43812,42570,42891,43314,43853,44366,46198,43588,45022,48.1,48.1 " Other",2488,2711,2622,2777,2861,2997,3077,3069,3192,3274,3320,3263,3362,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",4.2,"-"

282

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Mississippi" Mississippi" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",12266,12518,12422,13200,13642,14181,14965,14817,16392,16321,17193,16856,17844,17670,17580,17953,18276,18566,18294,18095,20175,37.9,40.6 " Commercial",6746,6832,6732,6685,7094,7539,7913,9955,10781,11151,11451,11357,11773,12593,12750,12666,12949,13400,13233,13013,13805,25.3,27.8 " Industrial",12454,13024,13491,14229,15256,15477,16043,14622,14599,15735,15856,15268,15021,15281,15702,15282,15712,16187,16195,14940,15707,35,31.6 " Other",661,646,596,635,635,671,702,694,738,772,836,805,815,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",1.8,"-"

283

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Arkansas" Arkansas" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",10558,11001,10440,11762,11642,12417,12934,12990,14339,14045,14871,15104,15527,15598,15619,17134,17065,17415,17392,16986,19231,35.7,39.9 " Commercial",6075,6300,6177,6698,6866,7147,7442,7597,8205,8374,8746,9153,9304,10568,10731,11366,11581,11801,11703,11477,12188,21,25.3 " Industrial",10126,10518,11251,12609,13526,14483,15139,15632,16066,16680,17268,16734,16887,16942,17322,17665,17990,17839,17038,14710,16775,41.5,34.8 " Other",606,622,583,594,585,625,621,638,705,690,726,741,731,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",1.7,"-"

284

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Michigan" Michigan" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",25319,26760,25671,26770,27174,28623,28901,28726,29808,30661,30707,32305,34336,33669,33104,36095,34622,35366,34297,32854,34681,29.3,33.5 " Commercial",20610,21455,21208,28930,30412,31306,32038,32411,33840,35096,35867,35025,35880,35391,38632,39600,39299,40047,38974,37870,38123,34.2,36.8 " Industrial",35062,35007,35657,30572,32717,33921,34499,35430,35983,37276,37268,34174,33537,39813,34867,34745,34093,33879,32505,27391,30841,35.6,29.8 " Other",1376,1298,1304,1316,857,852,863,824,875,948,930,905,960,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",0.9,"-"

285

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Wisconsin" Wisconsin" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",16385,17349,16615,17373,17660,18635,18685,18510,19087,19502,19929,20418,21575,21364,21192,22458,21779,22374,21976,21421,22299,30.6,32.4 " Commercial",12698,13309,13243,13710,14378,14893,15433,15730,16193,17638,18321,18678,19144,20056,19349,22501,22756,23491,23473,22476,23001,28.1,33.5 " Industrial",19405,19686,20382,21410,22714,23690,23871,25103,26040,25665,26162,25370,25534,25821,27435,25376,25286,25436,24672,22390,23452,40.2,34.1 " Other",710,688,686,662,659,749,755,751,741,743,734,752,746,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",1.1,"-"

286

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Maryland" Maryland" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",19102,20295,19762,21546,21666,22234,22986,21937,22407,23342,23949,24294,25489,26671,27952,28440,26905,28195,27144,26945,28934,39.5,44.3 " Commercial",10452,10667,10770,11317,13254,23096,23126,23419,24284,24988,25804,26244,21044,16950,17264,17932,29729,30691,30003,29806,30771,42.5,47.1 " Industrial",19308,19448,19768,20201,19037,10057,10098,10128,10344,9936,10066,10177,20875,27176,21195,21517,6057,5980,5650,5286,5083,16.6,7.8 " Other",672,697,689,809,794,771,787,781,799,819,858,926,972,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",1.4,"-"

287

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Maine" Maine" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",3932,3817,3830,3872,3692,3629,3679,3659,3589,3704,3737,3903,4043,4219,4331,4503,4351,4413,4351,4360,4372,30.7,37.9 " Commercial",2673,2685,2730,2868,2812,2835,3212,3279,3324,3491,3712,3779,3789,3959,4325,4157,4134,4195,4148,4071,4101,30.5,35.6 " Industrial",4750,4709,4753,5040,4952,4959,4772,4957,4622,4687,4551,4413,3550,3793,3711,3702,3800,3252,3175,2852,3059,37.4,26.5 " Other",174,171,171,172,151,138,64,63,63,61,163,57,59,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",1.3,"-"

288

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Minnesota" Minnesota" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",14858,15655,14848,15597,16007,16974,17157,17073,17378,17998,18629,19400,20451,20638,20507,21743,21909,22646,22355,22034,22465,31.2,33.1 " Commercial",8086,8417,8291,8535,8997,9700,10115,10137,10436,10909,11580,19799,19457,20533,20407,21985,22175,22523,22604,22311,22515,19.4,33.2 " Industrial",23497,23938,23557,24384,25451,26577,26934,27713,28214,27764,28842,20767,21515,21916,22415,22266,22664,23041,23810,19637,22798,48.2,33.6 " Other",727,745,716,694,701,707,735,750,716,729,730,721,740,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",1.2,"-"

289

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector, 1990 Through  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Massachusetts" Massachusetts" "Sector",1990,1991,1992,1993,1994,1995,1996,1997,1998,1999,2000,2001,2002,2003,2004,2005,2006,2007,2008,2009,2010,"Percentage Share" ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,2000,2010 "Retail Sales (thousand megawatthours)" " Residential",15581,15379,15560,15785,16049,15993,16256,16278,16388,17392,17562,17984,18695,19591,19769,20539,19624,20138,19638,19475,21409,33.9,37.5 " Commercial",18565,18517,18629,18897,19371,19894,20346,20834,21422,21489,23033,24127,24250,25648,26020,26415,26237,27148,26582,17775,18243,44.5,31.9 " Industrial",10157,9794,9663,9605,9710,10026,10085,10148,10212,9966,10533,9757,10087,9984,9947,9871,9602,9450,9332,16754,17116,20.3,30 " Other",1138,1107,1146,994,961,598,607,622,585,560,644,629,676,"-","-","-","-","-","-","-","-",1.2,"-"

290

South Dakota No 2 Diesel Ultra Low Sulfur Less than 15 ppm Retail ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

South Dakota No 2 Diesel Ultra Low Sulfur Less than 15 ppm Retail Sales by Refiners (Thousand Gallons per Day)

291

SPP marketing flyer for retail | ENERGY STAR Buildings & Plants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

marketing flyer for retail marketing flyer for retail Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In This Section Campaigns Commercial building design Communications resources Energy management guidance Financial resources Portfolio Manager Products and purchasing Recognition Research and reports Service and product provider (SPP) resources Success stories Target Finder

292

Impact of Variety and Distribution System Characteristics on Inventory Levels at U.S. Retailers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Over the past six decades, numerous analytical models have been developed to determine optimal inventory levels. These models predict that inventories carried by a retailer should be a function of the product variety carried by the retailer, distribution ... Keywords: econometric analysis, empirical research, inventory, retailing, supply chain management

Sampath Rajagopalan

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Effect of Traffic on Sales and Conversion Rates of Retail Stores  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Attracting shoppers to stores and converting the incoming traffic into sales profitably are vital for the financial health of retailers. In this paper, we use proprietary data pertaining to an apparel retailer to study the relationship between store ... Keywords: retail operations, store labor management, store performance, traffic uncertainty, traffic variability

Olga Perdikaki; Saravanan Kesavan; Jayashankar M. Swaminathan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

Modelling and simulating retail management practices: a first approach  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Multi-agent systems offer a new and exciting way of understanding the world of work. We apply agent-based modeling and simulation to investigate a set of problems in a retail context. Specifically, we are working to understand the relationship between people management practices on the shop-floor and retail performance. Despite the fact we are working within a relatively novel and complex domain, it is clear that using an agent-based approach offers great potential for improving organizational capabilities in the future. Our multi-disciplinary research team has worked closely with one of the UK's top ten retailers to collect data and build an understanding of shop-floor operations and the key actors in a department (customers, staff, and managers). Based on this case study we have built and tested our first version of a retail branch agent-based simulation model where we have focused on how we can simulate the effects of people management practices on customer satisfaction and sales. In our experiments we hav...

Siebers, Peer-Olaf; Celia, Helen; Clegg, Chris

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Impact of liberalization on Italian retail gas prices  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper aims to analyze the effects deriving from the liberalization process in the Italian natural gas market carried out by the Italian government through the legislative decree n. 164/2000. More specifically, the objective is to analyze the competitiveness ... Keywords: Italian gas market liberalization, import gas prices, linear regression analysis, natural gas retail prices

Guendalina Capece; Livio Cricelli; Francesca Di Pillo; Nathan Levialdi

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

Efficient Retail Pricing in Electricity and Natural Gas Markets: A Familiar Problem with New Challenges  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A long line of research investigates whether the retail prices of electricity and natural gas send proper signals about scarcity in order to induce efficient consumption. Historically, regulated utilities have not designed tariffs that set marginal prices equal to marginal costs. Currently, some jurisdictions are opening the retail sectors of the gas and electricity industry to competition via “retail choice”. These new regimes replace imperfect regulation with imperfect competition as the process by which retail tariffs are formed. We discuss the challenges in evaluating the efficiency of these new pricing regimes and present descriptive evidence of how pricing has changed in markets with retail choice.

Steven L. Puller; Jeremy West

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Business Case for E85 Fuel Retailers  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Business Case for E85 Business Case for E85 Fuel Retailers to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Business Case for E85 Fuel Retailers on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Business Case for E85 Fuel Retailers on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Business Case for E85 Fuel Retailers on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Business Case for E85 Fuel Retailers on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Business Case for E85 Fuel Retailers on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Business Case for E85 Fuel Retailers on AddThis.com... More in this section... Ethanol Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Locations Infrastructure Development Business Case Equipment Options Equipment Installation

298

Coolant mixing in LMFBR rod bundles and outlet plenum mixing transients. Progress report, December 1,1978--February 28, 1979  

SciTech Connect

Information is presented concerning coolant mixing in bundle geometry and subchannel geometry; outlet plenum flow mixing; and theoretical determination of local temperature fields in LMFBR fuel rod bundles.

Todreas, N.E.; Golay, M.W.; Wolf, L.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Using Advanced Control and Power Technologies to Improve the Reliability and Energy Efficiency of Petroleum Refining and Petrochemical Manufacturing in California  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Full implementation of advanced control and power technologies could save U.S. refineries and petrochemical plants an estimated $7.14 billion/year. California refineries process 1,893,020 barrels of crude per day -- about 11% of the total U.S. crude. Implementation of advanced control and power technologies could provide California refineries and petrochemical plants significant savings from increased energy efficiency and productivity. This report identifies these savings opportunities for California re...

2004-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

300

Propane (Consumer Grade) Prices - Sales to End Users  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Sales Type: Sales to End Users, Average Residential Commercial/Institutional Industrial Through Retail Outlets Petro-Chemical Other End Users Sales for Resale Period: Monthly Annual Sales Type: Sales to End Users, Average Residential Commercial/Institutional Industrial Through Retail Outlets Petro-Chemical Other End Users Sales for Resale Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Sales Type Area Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History U.S. - - - - - - 1993-2013 East Coast (PADD 1) - - - - - - 1993-2013 New England (PADD 1A) - - - - - - 1993-2013 Central Atlantic (PADD 1B) - - - - - - 1993-2013 Lower Atlantic (PADD 1C) - - - - - - 1993-2013 Midwest (PADD 2) - - - - - - 1993-2013 Gulf Coast (PADD 3) - - - - - - 1993-2013 Rocky Mountain (PADD 4)

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retail outlets petrochemical" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Reliant Energy Retail Services LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Services LLC Services LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name Reliant Energy Retail Services LLC Place Texas Utility Id 15847 Utility Location Yes Ownership R NERC Location TRE NERC ERCOT Yes Activity Retail Marketing Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png 12 (e-sense Time-Of with 20% Wind) Residential Basic Power Plan - 12 (Commercial Service) Commercial One Rate For Business Commercial POLR (Residential Service) Residential Average Rates Residential: $0.1360/kWh Commercial: $0.1370/kWh Industrial: $0.0680/kWh References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a"

302

Mirage: Mitigating Illicit Inventorying in a RFID Enabled Retail Environment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Given its low dollar and maintenance cost, RFID is poised to become the enabling technology for inventory control and supply chain management. However, as an outcome of its low cost, RFID based inventory control is susceptible to pernicious security and privacy threats. A deleterious attack on such a system is corporate espionage, where attackers through illicit inventorying infer sales and restocking trends for products. In this paper, we first present plausible aftermaths of corporate espionage using real data from online sources. Second, to mitigate corporate espionage in a retail store environment, we present a simple lowcost system called Mirage. Mirage uses additional programmable low cost passive RFID tags called honeytokens to inject noise in retail store inven-torying. Using a simple history based algorithm that controls activation and de-activation of honeytokens, Mirage randomizes sales and restocking trends. We evaluate Mirage in a real warehouse environment using a commercial off-the-shelf Motoro...

White, Jonathan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Municipal Aggregation and Retail Competition in the Ohio Energy Sector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ohio allows communities to vote to aggregate the loads of individual consumers (unless they opt out) in order to seek a competitive energy supplier. Over 200 communities have voted to do this for electricity. By 2004 residential switching reached 69 % in Cleveland territory (95 % from municipal aggregation) but by 2006 had fallen to 8%. Savings are now small, but customer acquisition costs are low and the cost to consumers is negligible. Aggregation and retail competition have been thwarted by Rate Stabilization Plans holding incumbent utility prices below cost since 2006. In the Ohio gas sector, rate regulation has not discouraged aggregation and competition, but market prices falling below municipally negotiated rates can be politically embarrassing. How municipal aggregation would fare against individual choice in a market conducive to retail competition is an open question, but the policy deserves consideration elsewhere.

Stephen Littlechild; Stephen Littlechild

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Retail Electric Competition: A Blueprint for Consumer Protection  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Retail Electric Competition: Retail Electric Competition: A Blueprint for Consumer Protection Barbara Reid Alexander Consumer Affairs Consultant 15 Wedgewood Drive Winthrop, Maine 04364 October 1998 This report was prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy, Chicago Regional Support Office (Purchase Order DE-AP45-97R553188). Funding was provided by the Department of EnergyÂ’s Office of Power Technologies, Ofiice of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. ii This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information,

305

Will electricity market reform likely reduce retail rates?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To win public support, proponents for electricity market reform to introduce competition often promise that the post-reform retail rates will be lower than the average embedded cost rates that would have prevailed under the status quo of a regulated monopoly. A simple economic analysis shows that such a promise is unlikely to occur without the critical assumption that the post-reform market has marginal costs below average costs. (author)

Woo, C.K.; Zarnikau, Jay

2009-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

306

Why Events Overseas Matter to Gasoline Retailers and Consumers  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Attempts to explain how changes in the global supply and demand of crude oil can affect retail gasoline prices in various parts of the country. It does this by exploring 3 recent gasoline price spikes: Spring 2001, March 2003, and August 2003. The presentation compares and contrasts these price spikes in order to give the audience an understanding of the various reasons behind gasoline price increases.

Information Center

2003-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Commercial Reference Building: Stand-alone Retail | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Stand-alone Retail Stand-alone Retail Dataset Summary Description Commercial reference buildings provide complete descriptions for whole building energy analysis using EnergyPlus simulation software. Included here is data pertaining to the reference building type Stand-alone Retail for each of the 16 climate zones, and each of three construction categories: new construction, post-1980 construction existing buildings, pre-1980 construction existing buildings.The dataset includes four key components: building summary, zone summary, location summary and a picture. Building summary includes details about: form, fabric, and HVAC. Zone summary includes details such as: area, volume, lighting, and occupants for all types of zones in the building. Location summary includes key building information as it pertains to each climate zone, including: fabric and HVAC details, utility costs, energy end use, and peak energy demand.In total, DOE developed 16 reference building types that represent approximately 70% of commercial buildings in the U.S.; for each type, building models are available for each of the three construction categories. The commercial reference buildings (formerly known as commercial building benchmark models) were developed by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), in conjunction with three of its national laboratories.Additional data is available directly from DOE's Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE) Website, including EnergyPlus software input files (.idf) and results of the EnergyPlus simulations (.html).

308

Retail Price Changes Lag Spot Prices - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

This effect can explain some of the seemingly anomalous behavior of retail prices in relation to wholesale. ... Also, many have claimed that gasoline prices rise ...

309

Sweetener Market Data Historical Deliveries by Use - Retail | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Retail Retail Agriculture Community Menu DATA APPS EVENTS DEVELOPER STATISTICS COLLABORATE ABOUT Agriculture You are here Data.gov » Communities » Agriculture » Data Sweetener Market Data Historical Deliveries by Use - Retail Dataset Summary Description Sweetener Market Data (SMD) report - beet and cane processors and cane refiners in the U.S. are required by the FAIR Act of 1996, as amended, to report data on physical quantities delivered by use for "Retail Grocers and Chain Stores" on a monthly basis. Quantities are reported by region. Regions include: "New England", "Mid Atlantic", "North Central", "South", "West" and "Puerto Rico". Tags {sweetener,beet,cane,"sweetener processor","sweetener refiner","sweetener production "}

310

The Impact of Retail Rate Structures on the Economics of Commercial Photovoltaic Systems in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

say that, among commercial electricity rates in California,to optimize their electricity rate both before and after PVcompared to retail electricity rates. The importance of

Wiser, Ryan; Mills, Andrew; Barbose, Galen; Golove, William

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Refiner Retail Price of No. 4 Fuel Oil - U.S. Energy ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

History; U.S. W: W : W : W ... Alabama-- - - - - 1994-2012: Arkansas-- ... Retail prices and Prime Supplier sales values shown for the current month ...

312

The impact of retail rate structures on the economics of commercial photovoltaic systems in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

How Effective State Net Metering Laws Can Revolutionalizebe of importance. The value of net metering is found to beRetail rate design, Net metering Introduction The solar

Mills, Andrew D.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Edgeworth Price Cycles, Cost-based Pricing and Sticky Pricing in Retail Gasoline Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Asymmetrically to Crude Oil Price Changes? ”, QuarterlyS. , A. Shepard. “Sticky Prices, Inventories, and MarketGas Wars: Retail Gasoline Price Fluctua- tions”, Review of

Noel, Michael

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

The determinants of the governance of air conditioning maintenance in Australian retail centres.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Retail centres are a visible sign of developed capitalist societies and make an appreciable contribution to these economies. For the firms involved in supplying air… (more)

Bridge, Adrian J.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Figure 10. U.S. Average Retail Regular Motor Gasoline and ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Average Retail Regular Motor Gasoline and On-Highway Diesel Fuel Prices, January 2013 to Present ... Including Taxes) Title: Weekly Petroleum ...

316

The Impact of Retail Rate Structures on the Economics of Commercial Photovoltaic Systems in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We compute the annual electricity bill savings that would bebasic results on the electricity bill-savings value ofbill savings across 20 commercial-customer retail electricity

Mills, Andrew

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

The impact of retail rate structures on the economics of commercial photovoltaic systems in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We compute the annual electricity bill savings that would bebasic results on the electricity bill-savings value ofbill savings across 20 commercial-customer retail electricity

Mills, Andrew D.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

Retail Price of Propane (Consumer Grade) - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Retail prices and Prime ...

319

Heat recovery steam generator outlet temperature control system for a combined cycle power plant  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This patent describes a command cycle electrical power plant including: a steam turbine and at least one set comprising a gas turbine, an afterburner and a heat recovery steam generator having an attemperator for supplying from an outlet thereof to the steam turbine superheated steam under steam turbine operating conditions requiring predetermined superheated steam temperature, flow and pressure; with the gas turbine and steam turbine each generating megawatts in accordance with a plant load demand; master control means being provided for controlling the steam turbine and the heat recovery steam generator so as to establish the steam operating conditions; the combination of: first control means responsive to the gas inlet temperature of the heat recovery steam generator and to the plant load demand for controlling the firing of the afterburner; second control means responsive to the superheated steam predetermined temperature and to superheated steam temperature from the outlet for controlling the attemperator between a closed and an open position; the first and second control means being operated concurrently to maintain the superheated steam outlet temperature while controlling the load of the gas turbine independently of the steam turbine operating conditions.

Martens, A.; Myers, G.A.; McCarty, W.L.; Wescott, K.R.

1986-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

320

Microsoft Word - HZEB_Retail_InterimReport_Final.docx  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

! ! ! Healthy!Zero!Energy!Buildings!(HZEB)!Program-! ! ! Interim!Report!on!Cross"Sectional!Study!of!Contaminant!! ! ! Levels,!Source!Strengths,!and!Ventilation!Rates!in!Retail!Stores! ! ! ! ! Wanyu!R.!Chan,!Meera!Sidheswaran,!Douglas!Sullivan,!! ! ! Sebastian!Cohn,!William!J.!Fisk!! ! ! ! Environmental!Energy!Technologies!Division! ! ! Indoor!Environment!Group! ! ! Lawrence!Berkeley!National!Laboratory! ! ! Berkeley,!CA!94720! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! November!5,!2012! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! The!research!reported!here!was!supported!by!the!California!Energy!Commission! ! ! Public!Interest!Energy!Research!Program,!Energy"Related!Environmental!! ! ! Research!Program,!award!number!500"09"049.!!The!project!was!also!supported! ! ! by!the!U.S.!Dept.!of!Energy!Building!Technologies!Program,!Office!of!Energy!

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retail outlets petrochemical" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Tracking Market Transitions: Retail Customers and Energy Competition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

U.S. electricity markets have been transitioning in an uneven, but accelerating pace toward competition. Enough experience with competition exists by now to begin to draw from lessons learned. This report summarizes key trends observed in U.S. competitive energy markets to-date, and suggests several trends that are likely to emerge in the near future. Among some of the most important trends observed are the declining number of retail mass-market energy service providers, and the relative lack of differen...

1999-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

322

Traditional Inventory Models in an E-Retailing Setting: A Two-Stage Serial System with Space Constraints  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In an e-retailing setting, the efficient utilization of inventory, storage space, and labor is paramount to achieving high levels of customer service and company profits. To optimize the storage space and labor, a retailer ...

Allgor, Russell

323

The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose this week The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to 3.93 a gallon on Monday. That's up 2 ...

324

E85 Retail Business Case: When and Why to Sell E85 (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

Agenda: {lg_bullet} Convey current state of the retail gasoline market {lg_bullet} Explore E85 as part of the solution {lg_bullet} Test the profitability of E85 as an investment {lg_bullet} Give retailers guidance to assess if E85 would be a good investment for them

Johnson, C.

2007-08-30T23:59:59.000Z

325

Enhancing the 'second-hand' retail experience with digital object memories  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For a long time, the second-hand retail market was the preserve of the charity shop. However, the advent of services like eBay has massively increased its prominence. In this paper we describe a novel Internet of Things-based approach to enhancing the ... Keywords: RFID, digital object memory, internet of things, second-hand retail

Martin de Jode; Ralph Barthel; Jon Rogers; Angelina Karpovich; Andrew Hudson-Smith; Michael Quigley; Chris Speed

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

E-BUSINESS FOR THE ELECTRICITY RETAIL MARKET A Business to Client perspective  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

E-BUSINESS FOR THE ELECTRICITY RETAIL MARKET A Business to Client perspective Victor Santos ISCAC - 290 Coimbra, Portugal Email: amartins@deec.uc.pt Keywords: Electrical retail, e-Business, B2B, B2C, real time price. Abstract: In the new deregulated market of the electricity industry the communication

Monteiro, Edmundo

327

Integrated Retail and Wholesale (IRW) Power System Operations with Smart-Grid Functionality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Integrated Retail and Wholesale (IRW) Power System Operations with Smart-Grid Functionality Leigh-NE, MISO, XM, RTE, MEC IRW Project: Integrated Retail/Wholesale Power System Operation with Smart-Grid Functionality 3 #12;4 Meaning of "Smart Grid Functionality"? For our project purposes: Smart-grid functionality

Tesfatsion, Leigh

328

Integrated Retail and Wholesale Power System Operation with Smart-Grid Functionality  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Integrated Retail and Wholesale Power System Operation with Smart-Grid Functionality Dionysios of retail and wholesale power markets operating over transmission and distribution networks with smart-grid metering. This study reports on the latter work. Index Terms--Restructured power markets, smart grid

Tesfatsion, Leigh

329

Property:EIA/861/ActivityRetailMarketing | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ActivityRetailMarketing ActivityRetailMarketing Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Boolean. Description: Activity Retail Marketing Entity engages in retail power marketing (Y or N) [1] References ↑ EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2008 - F861 File Layout-2008.doc Subproperties This property has the following 1 subproperty: D Duquesne Light Co Pages using the property "EIA/861/ActivityRetailMarketing" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 3 3 Phases Energy Services + true + A AP Holdings LLC + true + APN Starfirst, L.P. + true + APNA Energy + true + Accent Energy Holdings, LLC + true + Agway Energy Services, LLC + true + Alabama Power Co + true + Alaska Power and Telephone Co + true + Allegheny Energy Supply Co LLC + true +

330

On the Interactions Between Routing and Inventory-Management Policies in a One-Warehouse N-Retailer Distribution System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper examines the interactions between routing and inventory-management decisions in a two-level supply chain consisting of a cross-docking warehouse and N retailers. Retailer demand is normally distributed and independent across retailers ... Keywords: inventory allocation, inventory replenishment, routing, supply chain

Leroy B. Schwarz; James E. Ward; Xin Zhai

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Coordination of Retail Demand Response with Midwest ISO Markets  

SciTech Connect

The Organization of Midwest ISO States (OMS) launched the Midwest Demand Resource Initiative (MWDRI) in 2007 to identify barriers to deploying demand response (DR) resources in the Midwest Independent System Operator (MISO) region and develop policies to overcome them. The MWDRI stakeholders decided that a useful initial activity would be to develop more detailed information on existing retail DR programs and dynamic pricing tariffs, program rules, and utility operating practices. This additional detail could then be used to assess any"seams issues" affecting coordination and integration of retail DR resources with MISO's wholesale markets. Working with state regulatory agencies, we conducted a detailed survey of existing DR programs, dynamic pricing tariffs, and their features in MISO states. Utilities were asked to provide information on advance notice requirements to customers, operational triggers used to call events (e.g. system emergencies, market conditions, local emergencies), use of these DR resources to meet planning reserves requirements, DR resource availability (e.g., seasonal, annual), participant incentive structures, and monitoring and verification (M&V) protocols. This report describes the results of this comprehensive survey and discusses policy implications for integrating legacy retail DR programs and dynamic pricing tariffs into organized wholesale markets. Survey responses from 37 MISO members and 4 non-members provided information on 141 DR programs and dynamic pricing tariffs with a peak load reduction potential of 4,727 MW of retail DR resource. Major findings of this study area:- About 72percent of available DR is from interruptible rate tariffs offered to large commercial and industrial customers, while direct load control (DLC) programs account for ~;;18percent. Almost 90percent of the DR resources included in this survey are provided by investor-owned utilities. - Approximately, 90percent of the DR resources are available with less than two hours advance notice and over 1,900 MW can be dispatched on less than thirty minutes notice. These legacy DR programs are increasingly used by utilities for economic in addition to reliability purposes, with over two-thirds (68percent) of these programs callable based on market conditions. - Approximately 60percent of DLC programs and 30percent of interruptible rate programs called ten or more DR events in 2006. Despite the high frequency of DR events, customer complaints remained low. The use of economic criteria to trigger DR events and the flexibility to trigger a large number of events suggests that DR resources can help improve the efficiency of MISO wholesale markets. - Most legacy DR programs offered a reservation payment ($/kW) for participation; incentive payment levels averaged about $5/kW-month for interruptible rate tariffs and $6/kW-month for DLC programs. Few programs offered incentive payments that were explicitly linked to actual load reductions during events and at least 27 DR programs do not have penalties for non-performance. - Measurement and verification (M&V) protocols to estimate load impacts vary significantly across MISO states. Almost half of the DR programs have not been evaluated in recent times and thus performance data for DR events is not available. For many DLC programs, M&V protocols may need to be enhancedin order to allow participation in MISO's proposed EDR schedule. System operators and planners will need to develop more accurate estimates of the load reduced capability and actual performance.

Bharvirkar, Ranjit; Bharvirkar, Ranjit; Goldman, Charles; Heffner, Grayson; Sedano, Richard

2008-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

332

Lessons and challenges from mining retail e-commerce data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. The architecture of Blue Martini Software’s e-commerce suite has supported data collection, transformation, and data mining since its inception. With clickstreams being collected at the application-server layer, high-level events being logged, and data automatically transformed into a data warehouse using meta-data, common problems plaguing data mining using weblogs (e.g. sessionization and conflating multi-sourced data) were obviated, thus allowing us to concentrate on actual data mining goals. We briefly review the architecture and discuss many lessons learned over the last four years and the challenges still facing us. The lessons and challenges are presented across two dimensions: business-level vs. technical, and throughout the data mining lifecycle stages of data collection, data warehouse construction, business intelligence, and deployment. The lessons and challenges are more widely applicable to data mining domains outside retail e-commerce. Keywords: Data mining, data analysis, business intelligence, web analytics, web mining, OLAP,

Ron Kohavi; Llew Mason; Rajesh Parekh; Zijian Zheng

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

,"New York Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices" Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","New York Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices",12,"Weekly","12/16/2013","6/5/2000" ,"Release Date:","12/16/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","12/23/2013" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_pri_gnd_dcus_sny_w.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_pri_gnd_dcus_sny_w.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov"

334

,"New York City Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

City Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices" City Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","New York City Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices",8,"Weekly","12/16/2013","6/5/2000" ,"Release Date:","12/16/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","12/23/2013" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_pri_gnd_dcus_y35ny_w.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_pri_gnd_dcus_y35ny_w.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov"

335

REPORT TO CONGRESS ON COMPETITION IN WHOLESALE AND RETAIL MARKETS FOR  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

REPORT TO CONGRESS ON COMPETITION IN WHOLESALE AND RETAIL MARKETS REPORT TO CONGRESS ON COMPETITION IN WHOLESALE AND RETAIL MARKETS FOR ELECTRIC ENERGY REPORT TO CONGRESS ON COMPETITION IN WHOLESALE AND RETAIL MARKETS FOR ELECTRIC ENERGY The enclosed report is submitted to Congress pursuant to section 1815 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005. Section 1815 of the Act established a five-member Electric Energy Market Competition Task Force. The Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPAct 2005)1 was designed to provide a comprehensive long-range energy plan for the United States. Section 1815 of the Act2 created an "Electric Energy Market Competition Task Force"3 (Task Force) to conduct a study of competition in wholesale and retail markets for electricity in the United States. Section 1815(b)(2)(B) required the Task Force to publish a draft final report for public comment

336

Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.7 Retail Markets and Companies  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

3 3 2010 Top Supermarkets, by Sales 2010 All Commodity Supermarket Wal-Mart Stores 3,001 Kroger Co. 2,460 Safeway, Inc. 1,461 Supervalu, Inc. 1,504 Ahold USA, Inc. (Stop and Shop, Giant) 746 Publix Super Markets, Inc. 1,035 Delhaize America, Inc. (Food Lion) 1,641 H.E. Butt Grocery Co. (HEB) 291 Meijer Inc. 195 Great Atlantic & Pacific Tea Co. (Pathmark) 373 Note(s): Source(s): All commodity volume in this example represents the "annualized range of the estimated retail sales volume of all items sold at a retail site that pass through the retailer's cash registers. TDLinx ACV is an estimate based on best available data- a directional measure to be used as an indicator of store and account size, not an actual retail sales report". (Progressive Grocer) Progressive Grocer, 2011 Progressive Grocer Super 50

337

Market behavior under partial price controls: the case of the retail gasoline market  

SciTech Connect

The use of firm-specific controls on the price of gasoline during 1979 and 1980, at both the wholesale and the retail level, dramatically affected the retail market for gasoline. The most visible effect was a diversity of monetary prices across service stations within particular retail market areas. Price could no longer play its usual role in clearing the retail market for gasoline. Queues and other changes in quality of service at stations arose to maintain the balance of market demand and supply. This report examines the behavior of an otherwise competitive market in the presence of such regulation-induced nonprice phenomena. In such a market, consumers consider both monetary prices and costs imposed by queues in deciding where to buy gasoline and how much to buy. Using a price-theoretic model of behavior, this paper predicts how various changes in effective price regulation affect consumers. 14 references, 7 figures, 2 tables.

Camm, F.

1983-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Retail gasoline prices in the Rocky Mountains fall as U.S ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... gasoline prices in the Rockies were 41 cents below the U.S. average, which was a record for the region since EIA began tracking regional retail price data in 1992.

339

Consumer Light Bulb Changes: Briefing and Resources for Media and Retailers  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Briefing for Media and Retailers - Lighting eere.energy.gov Briefing for Media and Retailers - Lighting eere.energy.gov 1 Consumer Light Bulb Changes: Briefing and Resources for Media and Retailers Briefing for Media and Retailers - Lighting eere.energy.gov 2 * Briefing: - To schedule interviews, please contact DOE Public Affairs at 202-586-4940 * Terms: - Lumens: Commonly a measure of brightness (technically "luminous flux") - CFL: Compact Fluorescent Lamp: The curly fluorescent bulbs - LED: Light Emitting Diode: more recently emerging technology, also called "solid state lighting" as it is light produced by a solid-state (chip) device - General Service Incandescent Lamp: The most common residential light bulb in use, with a medium screw base, and a lumen range of 310 to 2,600 lumens

340

REPORT TO CONGRESS ON COMPETITION IN WHOLESALE AND RETAIL MARKETS FOR  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

REPORT TO CONGRESS ON COMPETITION IN WHOLESALE AND RETAIL MARKETS REPORT TO CONGRESS ON COMPETITION IN WHOLESALE AND RETAIL MARKETS FOR ELECTRIC ENERGY REPORT TO CONGRESS ON COMPETITION IN WHOLESALE AND RETAIL MARKETS FOR ELECTRIC ENERGY The enclosed report is submitted to Congress pursuant to section 1815 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005. Section 1815 of the Act established a five-member Electric Energy Market Competition Task Force. The Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPAct 2005)1 was designed to provide a comprehensive long-range energy plan for the United States. Section 1815 of the Act2 created an "Electric Energy Market Competition Task Force"3 (Task Force) to conduct a study of competition in wholesale and retail markets for electricity in the United States. Section 1815(b)(2)(B) required the Task Force to publish a draft final report for public comment

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retail outlets petrochemical" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Building Out Alternative Fuel Retail Infrastructure: Government Fleet Spillovers in E85  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

C. and M. Melendez, 2007, “E85 Retail Business Case: Whenand Why to Sell E85,” National Renewable Energy LaboratoryMean Std. dev. Counties with E85 (N=309) Mean Std. dev. E85

Corts, Kenneth S.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Evaluation of the Indoor Air Quality Procedure for Use in Retail...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

(IAQ). The first primary goal of this study was to determine, in a set of California retail stores, the adequacy of Title 24 VRs and observed current measured VRs in providing...

343

The impact of retail rate structures on the economics of commercial photovoltaic systems in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

retail electricity rates currently offered in the state.electricity rates currently offered by the five largest electric utilities in the state:electricity tariffs. Rate Design for Commercial Customers in the United States

Mills, Andrew D.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

The Impact of Retail Rate Structures on the Economics of Commercial Photovoltaic Systems in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

retail electricity rates currently offered in the state.electricity rates currently offered by the five largest electric utilities in the state:electricity tariffs. Rate Design for Commercial Customers in the United States

Mills, Andrew

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

How to best redevelop vacant big box retail property in Texas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The purpose of this thesis is to analyze how a developer can best redevelop a vacant big box retail property. To accomplish this, statistical, geographical and demographical analysis was done on previously repositioned ...

Barrera-Villarreal, Alfonso

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Woodward Avenue, Detroit : a pedestrian zone for a changing downtown retail street  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The thesis studies the changing direction of Detroit's central downtown shopping street, Woodward Avenue. During the last two decades, Woodward Avenue has lost most of its retail market to suburban shopping centers. The ...

Lewis, Philip Strickland

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. (New York) | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

York) Jump to: navigation, search Name Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. Place New York Utility Id 22509 References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File220101...

348

2012 CERTS R&M Peer Review - Summary: A Business Model for Retail...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

service contracts. The aggregation of service contracts by retail customers will create a profile of load response that can be offered into the wholesale market. We plan to develop...

349

Customer Risk from Real-Time Retail Electricity Pricing: Bill Volatility and Hedgability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

then pay/receive the real- time price for deviations fromI assume that the retail real-time prices customers face arewould likely dampen real-time price volatility and the

Borenstein, Severin

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

The impact of retail rate structures on the economics of commercial photovoltaic systems in California  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

How Effective State Net Metering Laws Can RevolutionalizeThe value of net metering is found to be substantial, butRetail rate design, Net metering Introduction The solar

Mills, Andrew D.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Big box, no more quick fixes : a historical account of consumption, retail and discount shopping typologies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As of 2011, the fastest growing sectors of the American economy are related to, or directly involved in the retail business. The conditions which led to this phenomenon are rooted in the fundamental precepts of capitalism, ...

Scanlon, Erik R

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Parameter search in an agent-based model of pedestrian movement in retail environments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Parameter search in an agent-based model of pedestrian movement in retail environments is part of a research effort by data-driven architecture in the Cognitive Machine Group at the MIT Media Lab. The approach pursued in ...

Jitapunkul, Thananat

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

The estimation of wind pressures at ventilation inlets and outlets on buildings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two example calculations illustrate the application of information provided in chapter 14 of the 1989 ASHRAE Fundamentals to the estimation of wind pressures at ventilation inlets and outlets on the exteriors of buildings. Wind pressures are calculated using the local estimated reference mean wind speeds at the building site and pressure coefficients selected from figures provided in Chapter 14 of the handbook. Calculations include estimation of wind speeds at building sites located significant distance from airport weather data recording stations in a variety of terrains using the power law mean wind speed profile equation. Wind frequency data are used to calculate the relative probability of occurrence of wind speed and direction events. Wind tunnel studies are recommended as the best source of wind pressure coefficients for applications where consequences of wind effects could be critical.

Aynsley, R.M (Georgia Inst. of Technology, Atlanta, GA (US))

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

354

Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Petrochemical Industry - An ENERGY STAR(R) Guide for Energy and Plant Managers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy is the most important cost factor in the U.S petrochemical industry, defined in this guide as the chemical industry sectors producing large volume basic and intermediate organic chemicals as well as large volume plastics. The sector spent about $10 billion on fuels and electricity in 2004. Energy efficiency improvement is an important way to reduce these costs and to increase predictable earnings, especially in times of high energy price volatility. There are a variety of opportunities available at individual plants in the U.S. petrochemical industry to reduce energy consumption in a cost-effective manner. This Energy Guide discusses energy efficiency practices and energy efficient technologies that can be implemented at the component, process, facility, and organizational levels. A discussion of the trends, structure, and energy consumption characteristics of the petrochemical industry is provided along with a description of the major process technologies used within the industry. Next, a wide variety of energy efficiency measures are described. Many measure descriptions include expected savings in energy and energy-related costs, based on case study data from real-world applications in the petrochemical and related industries worldwide. Typical measure payback periods and references to further information in the technical literature are also provided, when available. The information in this Energy Guide is intended to help energy and plant managers in the U.S. petrochemical industry reduce energy consumption in a cost-effective manner while maintaining the quality of products manufactured. Further research on the economics of all measures--and on their applicability to different production practices--is needed to assess their cost effectiveness at individual plants.

Neelis, Maarten; Worrell, Ernst; Masanet, Eric

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

New Energy Product and Design for Retail Service Providers Technical Memorandum  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy service providers (ESPs) are struggling to make money in the retailing of electricity. During the past two years, leading companies such as Enron Energy Services, Green Mountain Energy, New Energy, and PG&E Energy Services have lost almost $500 million collectively. This initiative will create breakthrough product designs that transcend commoditization of retail electricity markets, replace price wars that destroy shareholder value with market creation activities that simultaneously expand product...

1999-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

356

Unbundling the retail gas market: Current activities and guidance for serving residential and small customers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The restructuring of retail gas services has followed a typical pattern for previously heavily regulated industries: large customers are initially given rights to purchase unbundled services from different entities, with the same rights dispersed over time to smaller customers. For about ten years now industrial customers in most states have been able to {open_quotes}play the market{close_quotes}. Since the passage of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) Order 636 in 1992, interest has centered on expanding service unbundling to small retail customers, including residential customers. Importantly, the Order prohibited pipelines from providing bundled sales service. This is not surprising - in the telecommunications industry, for example, the unbundling of wholesale services was a strong stimulant for developing competition in the local exchange market. The push for small-customer service unbundling has derived from the basic but politically attractive idea that all retail customers should directly benefit from competitive forces in the natural gas industry. When one looks at the movement of prices since 1985, it is easy to see that large retail customers have enjoyed more favorable prices than other retail customers. For example, over the period 1985 to 1994 gas prices to industrial customers and electric utilities fell around 23 percent and 36 percent, respectively. In comparison, gas prices to residential customers increased by around 5 percent while gas prices to commercial customers decreased slightly by about 1 percent. This report examines various aspects of unbundling to small retail gas customers, with special emphasis on residential customers.

Costello, K.W.; Lemon, J.R.

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

357

Method and System for the Production of Hydrogen at Reduced VHTR Outlet Temperatures  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Department of Energy and the Idaho National Laboratory are developing a Next Generation Nuclear Plant (NGNP) to serve as a demonstration of state-of-the-art nuclear technology. The purpose of the demonstration is two fold 1) efficient low cost energy generation and 2) hydrogen production. Although a next generation plant could be developed as a single-purpose facility dedicated to hydrogen production, early designs are expected to be dual purpose. While hydrogen production and advanced energy cycles are still in its early stages of development, research towards coupling a high temperature reactor with electrical generation and hydrogen production is under way. Many aspects of the NGNP must be researched and developed in order to make recommendations on the final design of the plant. Parameters such as working conditions, cycle components, working fluids, and power conversion unit configurations must be understood. The integrated system of a Very High Temperature Reactor (VHTR) and a High Temperature Steam Electrolysis (HTSE) hydrogen production plant is being investigated and this system, as it is currently envisioned, will produce hydrogen by utilizing a highly efficient VHTR with a VHTR outlet temperature of 900°C to supply the necessary energy and electricity to the HTSE unit. Though the combined system may produce hydrogen and electricity with high efficiency, the choices of materials that are suitable for use at 900°C are limited due to high-temperature strength, corrosion, and durability (creep) considerations. The lack of materials that are ASME (American Society of Mechanical Engineers) code-certified at these temperatures is also a problem, and is a barrier to commercial deployment. If the current system concept can be modified to produce hydrogen with comparable efficiency at lower temperatures, then the technical barriers related to materials selection and use might be eliminated, and the integrated system may have a much greater probability of succeeding at the commercial scale. This paper describes a means to reduce the outlet temperature of the VHTR to approximately 700°C while still maintaining plant high efficiency.

Chang H. Oh; Eung S. Kim

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Smolt Responses to Hydrodynamic Conditions in Forebay Flow Nets of Surface Flow Outlets, 2007  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This study provides information on juvenile salmonid behaviors at McNary and The Dalles dams that can be used by the USACE, fisheries resource managers, and others to support decisions on long-term measures to enhance fish passage. We researched smolt movements and ambient hydrodynamic conditions using a new approach combining simultaneous acoustic Doppler current profiler (ADCP) and acoustic imaging device (AID) measurements at surface flow outlets (SFO) at McNary and The Dalles dams on the Columbia River during spring and summer 2007. Because swimming effort vectors could be computed from the simultaneous fish and flow data, fish behavior could be categorized as passive, swimming against the flow (positively rheotactic), and swimming with the flow (negatively rheotactic). We present bivariate relationships to provide insight into fish responses to particular hydraulic variables that engineers might consider during SFO design. The data indicate potential for this empirical approach of simultaneous water/fish measurements to lead to SFO design guidelines in the future.

Johnson, Gary E.; Richmond, Marshall C.; Hedgepeth, J. B.; Ploskey, Gene R.; Anderson, Michael G.; Deng, Zhiqun; Khan, Fenton; Mueller, Robert P.; Rakowski, Cynthia L.; Sather, Nichole K.; Serkowski, John A.; Steinbeck, John R.

2009-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Sound power and pressure level measurements in the inlet and outlet of an HRSG duct  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The ever-increasing size of cogeneration facilities has mandated the need for noise abatement in the design stage. Many noise projection models are available to the industry for predicting noise levels in an adjacent to new installations. However, the models all require accurate source noise information if valid noise predictions are to be expected. As a consequence of designing one of the world`s largest cogeneration installations involving eight Model W-701 turbine units and their Heat Recovery Steam Generators (HRSGs), it became apparent that the attention between the exhaust of the Generators (HRSGs), it became apparent that the attention between the exhaust of the turbine and the outlet of the HRSGs was not well known. Not having this information posed potentially expensive noise abatement modifications during the design and construction phases. In order to verify the adequacy of scaling studies from a W-501 turbine and HRSG to the W-701 system, a comprehensive field test of an existing W-501 installation was conducted. This paper describes the design of an acoustic intensity and sound pressure probe to operate inside the high-temperature ductwork, the access engineering required, data acquisition, and final results concerning noise attenuation across the HRSG.

Jungbauer, D.E.; Unruh, J.F.; Pantermuehl, P.J. [Southwest Research Institute, San Antonio, TX (United States); Rose, S. [Enron Power Corp., Houston, TX (United States)

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Optimum Reactor Outlet Temperatures for High Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactors Integrated with Industrial Processes  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report summarizes the results of a temperature sensitivity study conducted to identify the optimum reactor operating temperatures for producing the heat and hydrogen required for industrial processes associated with the proposed new high temperature gas-cooled reactor. This study assumed that primary steam outputs of the reactor were delivered at 17 MPa and 540°C and the helium coolant was delivered at 7 MPa at 625–925°C. The secondary outputs of were electricity and hydrogen. For the power generation analysis, it was assumed that the power cycle efficiency was 66% of the maximum theoretical efficiency of the Carnot thermodynamic cycle. Hydrogen was generated via the hightemperature steam electrolysis or the steam methane reforming process. The study indicates that optimum or a range of reactor outlet temperatures could be identified to further refine the process evaluations that were developed for high temperature gas-cooled reactor-integrated production of synthetic transportation fuels, ammonia, and ammonia derivatives, oil from unconventional sources, and substitute natural gas from coal.

Lee O. Nelson

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retail outlets petrochemical" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Contaminant levels and source strengths in U.S. retail stores A pilot study  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Contaminant levels and source strengths in U.S. retail stores A pilot study Contaminant levels and source strengths in U.S. retail stores A pilot study Title Contaminant levels and source strengths in U.S. retail stores A pilot study Publication Type Conference Paper Year of Publication 2012 Authors Chan, Wanyu R., Meera A. Sidheswaran, Douglas P. Sullivan, Sebastian Cohn, and William J. Fisk Conference Name Healthy Buildings 2012 - 10th International Conference Date Published 2012 Conference Location Brisbane Convention & Exhibition Centre, Brisbane, Queensland Keywords air-exchange rate, building ventilation, indoor-outdoor ratio, particles, vocs Abstract Retail stores have many sources of indoor air contaminants that can cause potential health and odor concerns. One way to control exposure to these contaminants is to provide adequate ventilation. This study aims to characterize the whole-building emission rates of contaminants in certain retail types. The pilot study included two grocery stores and three furniture stores in northern California. We measured simultaneously the building ventilation rates by SF6 decay and contaminant concentrations in each store for one to two days. Contaminants were measured at multiple indoor locations and at one outdoor location near the building. Formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, and acrolein are three compounds with concentrations above health guidelines in some stores. In several cases, indoor concentrations of certain VOCs and PM were higher indoors than outdoors, suggesting potential indoor sources. Our goal is to characterize the range of contaminant source strengths in 25 to 30 stores in California.

362

Department of Agricultural and Resource EconomicsDetermining the Impact of Retailer Store Brand Procurement on Vertical Relationships with Brand Manufacturers and on Market Equilibrium †  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper investigates how a retailer’s store brand supply source impacts vertical pricing and supply channel profitability. Using chain-level retail scanner data from major supermarkets in Boston prior to the leading retailer’s divestiture of its store brand milk processing to a major brand manufacturer I estimate a random coefficients logit demand model employing a Bayesian estimation approach. Bayesian decision theory is applied to select from a set of pricing games the one most likely for the data sample analyzed. Results from this analysis indicate that the empirically valid model has the pre-divested retailer integrated into the processing of its own milk and takes as given the wholesale price of brand milks while competing retailers have nonlinear pricing contracts with brand manufacturers who produce their store brands. This model is matched against a series of counterfactual simulations as a baseline. The counterfactual simulations consider the eventual divestiture of store brand milk processing by the leading retailer

Michael A. Cohen; Michael A. Cohen

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

,"San Francisco Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

San Francisco Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices" San Francisco Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","San Francisco Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices",8,"Weekly","12/16/2013","6/5/2000" ,"Release Date:","12/16/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","12/23/2013" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_pri_gnd_dcus_y05sf_w.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_pri_gnd_dcus_y05sf_w.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov"

364

DOE Awards $15 Million in Technical Assistance to Support Major Retailers,  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5 Million in Technical Assistance to Support Major 5 Million in Technical Assistance to Support Major Retailers, Financial Institutions and Real Estate Firms to Adopt Energy-Efficient Technologies DOE Awards $15 Million in Technical Assistance to Support Major Retailers, Financial Institutions and Real Estate Firms to Adopt Energy-Efficient Technologies September 26, 2008 - 3:43pm Addthis Awards Encourage Adoption of Energy-Saving Technologies for New Construction and Retrofits in Commercial Buildings WASHINGTON - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today announced the first phase of awards, valued at $15 million, for the Net-Zero Energy Commercial Building Initiative (CBI). Twenty-one companies, which will include retailers, financial institutions and commercial real estate firms, will team with two of DOE's National Laboratories to speed market adoption of

365

,"Los Angeles Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Los Angeles Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices" Los Angeles Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Los Angeles Gasoline and Diesel Retail Prices",8,"Weekly","12/16/2013","6/5/2000" ,"Release Date:","12/16/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","12/23/2013" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_pri_gnd_dcus_y05la_w.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_pri_gnd_dcus_y05la_w.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov"

366

E85 Retail Business Case: When and Why to Sell E85  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

E85 Retail Business Case: E85 Retail Business Case: When and Why to Sell E85 C. Johnson and M. Melendez Technical Report NREL/TP-540-41590 December 2007 NREL is operated by Midwest Research Institute â—Ź Battelle Contract No. DE-AC36-99-GO10337 National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard, Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Operated for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy by Midwest Research Institute * Battelle Contract No. DE-AC36-99-GO10337 Technical Report NREL/TP-540-41590 December 2007 E85 Retail Business Case: When and Why to Sell E85 C. Johnson and M. Melendez Prepared under Task No. FC08.0032 NOTICE This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States government.

367

Practice Prize Report---An Assortmentwide Decision-Support System for Dynamic Pricing and Promotion Planning in DIY Retailing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The main objective of this report is to describe a decision-support system for dynamic retail pricing and promotion planning. Our weekly demand model incorporates price, reference price effects, seasonality, article availability information, features, ... Keywords: demand interdependency, dynamic pricing, pricing research, reference price, retail strategy, revenue management

Martin Natter; Thomas Reutterer; Andreas Mild; Alfred Taudes

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Optimizing a multi-vendor multi-retailer vendor managed inventory problem: Two tuned meta-heuristic algorithms  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The vendor-managed inventory (VMI) is a common policy in supply chain management (SCM) to reduce bullwhip effects. Although different applications of VMI have been proposed in the literature, the multi-vendor multi-retailer single-warehouse (MV-MR-SW) ... Keywords: Meta-heuristic, Multi-retailer, Multi-vendor, Taguchi method, Vendor managed inventory model

Javad Sadeghi, Seyed Mohsen Mousavi, Seyed Taghi Akhavan Niaki, Saeid Sadeghi

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Overcoming Visibility Issues in a Small-to-Medium Retailer Using Automatic Identification and Data Capture Technology: An Evolutionary Approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, the authors the inventory control practices of a small-to-medium retailer to identify common challenges this type of organization experiences with respect to automated data capture ADC and the implementation of an enterprise wide information ... Keywords: Automatic Identification and Data Capture AIDC, Barcode, Business Process, Information Systems, Inventory Control, Radio-Frequency Identification RFID, Small-to-Medium Retailer

Dane Hamilton; Katina Michael; Samuel Fosso Wamba

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

ENERGY STAR Building Upgrade Manual Chapter 13: Retail Stores | ENERGY STAR  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3: Retail Stores 3: Retail Stores Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In This Section Campaigns Commercial building design Communications resources Energy management guidance Financial resources Portfolio Manager Products and purchasing Recognition Research and reports Service and product provider (SPP) resources Success stories Target Finder Technical documentation

371

Number of Retail Customers by State by Sector, 1990-2012  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Number of Retail Customers by State by Sector, 1990-2012" Number of Retail Customers by State by Sector, 1990-2012" "Year","State","Industry Sector Category","Residential","Commercial","Industrial","Transportation","Other","Total" 2012,"AK","Total Electric Industry",275405,48790,1263,0,"NA",325458 2012,"AL","Total Electric Industry",2150977,357395,7168,0,"NA",2515540 2012,"AR","Total Electric Industry",1332154,181823,33926,2,"NA",1547905 2012,"AZ","Total Electric Industry",2585638,305250,7740,0,"NA",2898628 2012,"CA","Total Electric Industry",13101887,1834779,73805,12,"NA",15010483

372

Revenue from Retail Sales of Electricity (Thousands Dollars) by State by Provide  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Revenue from Retail Sales of Electricity (Thousands Dollars) by State by Provider, 1990-2012" Revenue from Retail Sales of Electricity (Thousands Dollars) by State by Provider, 1990-2012" "Year","State","Industry Sector Category","Residential","Commercial","Industrial","Transportation","Other","Total" 2012,"AK","Total Electric Industry",386304,429152,232325,0,"NA",1047781 2012,"AL","Total Electric Industry",3491380,2318146,2100936,0,"NA",7910462 2012,"AR","Total Electric Industry",1664696,933567,971266,52,"NA",3569581 2012,"AZ","Total Electric Industry",3718357,2829551,813094,0,"NA",7361001 2012,"CA","Total Electric Industry",13821565,16327164,4925482,49095,"NA",35123306

373

Retail Sales of Electricity (Megawatthours) by State by Sector by Provider, 1990  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Retail Sales of Electricity (Megawatthours) by State by Sector by Provider, 1990-2012" Retail Sales of Electricity (Megawatthours) by State by Sector by Provider, 1990-2012" "Year","State","Industry Sector Category","Residential","Commercial","Industrial","Transportation","Other","Total" 2012,"AK","Total Electric Industry",2160196,2875038,1381177,0,"NA",6416411 2012,"AL","Total Electric Industry",30632261,21799181,33751106,0,"NA",86182548 2012,"AR","Total Electric Industry",17909301,12102048,16847755,463,"NA",46859567 2012,"AZ","Total Electric Industry",32922970,29692256,12448117,0,"NA",75063343 2012,"CA","Total Electric Industry",90109995,121791536,46951714,684793,"NA",259538038

374

Table 3. Top Five Retailers of Electricity, with End Use Sectors, 2010  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Maine" Maine" "1. NextEra Energy Power Marketing LLC","Other Provider",3876276,3548267,316308,11701,"-" "2. Dominion Retail Inc","Other Provider",1308742,"-",1308742,"-","-" "3. Constellation NewEnergy, Inc","Other Provider",987998,"-",704002,283996,"-" "4. Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg.","Other Provider",593324,"-",593324,"-","-" "5. Suez Energy Resources North America","Other Provider",483466,"-",483466,"-","-" "Total Sales, Top Five Providers",,7249806,3548267,3405842,295697,"-" "Percent of Total State Sales",,63,81,83,10

375

Relative efficiency benefits of wholesale and retail competition in electricity: An analysis and a research agenda  

SciTech Connect

A central issue in the debate over restructuring the electric power industry is the extent to which the market should be open to competition. One aspect of this debate is whether competition ought to be restricted to the whole sale power market or be extended to final retail consumers. This report begins to explore the potential differences in economic efficiency between wholesale and retail competition in the electric power industry. The two market-structure scenarios are defined and the factors responsible for differences in efficiency are described. The report also contains an assessment of the relative importance of the factors and recommendations for pursuing further research.

Bohi, D.R.; Palmer, K.L. [Resources for the Future, Inc., Washington, DC (United States)

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

DataTrends: Energy Use in Retail Stores | ENERGY STAR Buildings & Plants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Retail Stores Retail Stores Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In This Section Campaigns Commercial building design Communications resources Energy management guidance Financial resources Portfolio Manager Products and purchasing Recognition Research and reports Service and product provider (SPP) resources Success stories Target Finder Technical documentation

377

ENERGY STAR Score for Retail Stores | ENERGY STAR Buildings & Plants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Retail Stores Retail Stores Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In This Section Campaigns Commercial building design Communications resources Energy management guidance Financial resources Portfolio Manager Products and purchasing Recognition Research and reports Service and product provider (SPP) resources Success stories Target Finder Technical documentation

378

Next Generation Nuclear Plant Project Technology Development Roadmaps: The Technical Path Forward for 750–800°C Reactor Outlet Temperature  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This document presents the NGNP Critical PASSCs and defines their technical maturation path through Technology Development Roadmaps (TDRMs) and their associated Technology Readiness Levels (TRLs). As the critical PASSCs advance through increasing levels of technical maturity, project risk is reduced and the likelihood of within-budget and on-schedule completion is enhanced. The current supplier-generated TRLs and TDRMs for a 750–800°C reactor outlet temperature (ROT) specific to each supplier are collected in Appendix A.

John Collins

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Reactor User Interface Technology Development Roadmaps for a High Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactor Outlet Temperature of 750 degrees C  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report evaluates the technology readiness of the interface components that are required to transfer high-temperature heat from a High Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactor (HTGR) to selected industrial applications. This report assumes that the HTGR operates at a reactor outlet temperature of 750°C and provides electricity and/or process heat at 700°C to conventional process applications, including the production of hydrogen.

Ian Mckirdy

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Department of Agricultural and Resource EconomicsAsymmetric Response of Retail Milk Prices in the Northeast Revisited.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Retail milk price responses to farm price changes were analyzed for Boston, Massachusetts, and Hartford, Connecticut. Prior research concluded asymmetries did not exist in the response of retail fluid milk prices to changes in farm prices. This study finds transmission rates were greater for the Compact period (100 – 120 percent) than the Pre-Compact period (66 – 88 percent). Short-run asymmetries were apparent. Retail prices responded rapidly to farm price increases, but slowly to farm price decreases. This study also finds evidence of long-run asymmetry. When equivalent farm price increases and decreases occur, retail prices do not return to the same levels that were observed before the price changes. Such long-run asymmetry was not observed in prior empirical studies of retail prices in the Northeast.

Daniel Lass; Daniel Lass

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retail outlets petrochemical" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Profit sharing and firm performance in the manufacturer-retailer dual-channel supply chain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the rapid development of e-commerce and the adoption of dual channels, increasingly manufacturers and retailers are implementing profit sharing strategies in order to improve channel coordination and supply chain performance. In this study, we focus ... Keywords: Channel coordination, Game theory, Online marketing, Profit bargaining, Profit sharing, Supply chain management

Ruiliang Yan

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

A Large US Retailer Selects Transportation Carriers Under Diesel Price Uncertainty  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A large US retailer that procures transportation services from third-party carriers experienced an unexpected jump in fuel surcharges as the price of diesel fuel skyrocketed in the summer of 2008. As a result, it sought to limit its future exposure to ... Keywords: price uncertainty, risk aversion, service contract, transportation

John Turner; Ben Peterson; Soo-Haeng Cho; Sunder Kekre; Alan Scheller-Wolf

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

The role of vibrant retail electricity markets in assuring that wholesale power markets operate effectively  

SciTech Connect

Barriers to competitive supplier entry such as California's wholesale-price pass-through model can provide an almost insurmountable barrier to effective retail competition. The telecommunications, airline, and software industries provide lessons--positive and negative--on how creating competitive wholesale markets is insufficient to bring the benefits of competition to smaller consumers.

Goulding, A.J.; Rufin, C.; Swinand, G.

1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Impact of Residential PV Adoption on Retail Electricity Desmond W. H. Caia,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Newport Beach, CA 92660, USA. Abstract The price of electricity supplied from home rooftop photo voltaic (PV) solar cells has fallen below the retail price of grid electricity in some areas. A num- ber of residential households have an economic incentive to install rooftop PV systems and reduce their purchases

Low, Steven H.

385

BRENNAN --DSM UNDER COMPETITION: 1 Demand-Side Management Programs Under Retail  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BRENNAN -- DSM UNDER COMPETITION: 1 Demand-Side Management Programs Under Retail Electricity · An automotive analogy Not marketing of fuel-efficient cars Not exactly CAFE standards or EPA mileage stickers More like getting a check from oil companies if one buys a high mileage car · Conservation

California at Berkeley. University of

386

THE ELECTRICITY RETAIL MARKET: REQUERIMENTS FOR AN E-BUSINESS SYSTEM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

THE ELECTRICITY RETAIL MARKET: REQUERIMENTS FOR AN E-BUSINESS SYSTEM Victor Santos ISCAC to Client . Abstract: In the last decade the electric energy market as changed is structure in several countries, mainly in the most developed, ones where the regulated activity of electrical companies where

Monteiro, Edmundo

387

A Multi-Level Theory Approach to Understanding Price Rigidity in Internet Retailing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Price rigidity involves prices that do not change with the regularity predicted by standard economic theory, and is of long-standing interest to firms and industries, and our understanding of the economy as a whole. The previous IS literature has failed to identify the central role of IT and Internet retailing-related technologies to explain the rigidity of prices on the Internet. Instead, it has offered only limited explanations, such as menu costs and tacit collusion. These ideas, and quite a few other key theoretical perspectives were formulated in disciplines other than ours. Thus, the issue of price rigidity and price adjustment in Internet retailing should be given more scrutiny than the literature has provided to date. We review and synthesize what we know about price rigidity in non-electronic retailing contexts using a multi-level theory approach that identifies three unique levels of analysis: the firm-specific level, the firm-to-consumer level, and the firm-to-market level. We evaluate to what extent this knowledge is applicable to explain price-setting and price adjustment on the Internet. We conclude that there should not be less price rigidity in Internet retailing than in traditional retailing – even though the Internet is involved. To this end, we recommend a multi-level variance theory of Internet-based price rigidity. This study provides a foundation for the development of new theoretical perspectives at the crossroads of the academic disciplines of marketing, economics and IS. It encourages research that is able to probe for a deeper understanding of new economic phenomena associated with the digital economy’s growth.

Robert J. Kauffman; Dongwon Lee

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

388

Product design for supply chain : quantifying the costs of complexity in Hewlett-Packard's retail desktop PC business  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Over the past several years, Hewlett-Packard Company's North America Consumer Computing (NACC) division has faced pressures to increase retail product variety in response to growing customer demand. As they pursue incremental ...

Raphel, Aaron Matthew

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

The role of content regulation on pricing and market power in regional retail and wholesale gasoline markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Since 1999, regional retail and wholesale gasoline markets in the United States have experienced significant price volatility, both intertemporally and across geographic markets. This paper focuses on one potential explanation ...

Muehlegger, Erich J.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Production test IP-338-A, Supp. A, DR-Reactor heat decay test at high outlet water temperatures  

SciTech Connect

This test is identical to the original except that it authorizes the performance of a trial reduction in reactor flow during a prior reactor shutdown. This trial flow reduction will be performed in the same manner as proposed for the actual test, with one exception. This is, that based upon the results of this preliminary test some changes in the timing of the different steps may be indicated. Such changes can readily be handled by making each step dependent upon the observed reactor outlet temperature during the test performance. The other significant change in the production test is the increase in the allowable bulk outlet temperature from Ti + 40 {plus_minus} 3{degrees}C{sup *}. This change is needed to obtain a reasonable extrapolation of the results of tests No. 1 and No.2 to 90{degrees}C, and is justified from a hazards standpoint by the excellent flow control achieved during test No. 1 and by the trial test that will be run prior to the performance of the actual test No. 2. Other aspects of the test basis and justification are presented in the original production test.

Jones, S.S.

1962-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

391

Petrochemical and Mineralogical Constraints on the Source and Processes of Uranium Mineralisation in the Granitoids of Zing-Monkin Area, Adamawa Massif, NE Nigeria  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Zing-Monkin area, located in the northern part of Adamawa Massif, is underlain by extensive exposures of moderately radioactive granodiorites, anatectic migmatites, equigranular granites, porphyritic granites and highly radioactive fine-grained granites with minor pegmatites. Selected major and trace element petrochemical investigations of the rocks show that a progression from granodiorite through migmatite to granites is characterised by depletion of MgO, CaO, Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3,} Sr, Ba, and Zr, and enrichment of SiO{sub 2} and Rb. This trend is associated with uranium enrichment and shows a chemical gradation from the more primitive granodiorite to the more evolved granites. Electron microprobe analysis shows that the uranium is content in uranothorite and in accessories, such as monazite, titanite, apatite, epidote and zircon. Based on petrochemical and mineralogical data, the more differentiated granitoids (e.g., fine-grained granite) bordering the Benue Trough are the immediate source of the uranium prospect in Bima Sandstone within the Trough. Uranium was derived from the granitoids by weathering and erosion. Transportation and subsequent interaction with organic matter within the Bima Sandstone led to precipitation of insoluble secondary uranium minerals in the Benue Trough.

Haruna, I. V., E-mail: vela_hi@yahoo.co.uk [Federal University of Technology, Geology Department (Nigeria); Orazulike, D. M. [Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Geology Programme (Nigeria); Ofulume, A. B. [Federal University of Technology, Geosciences Department (Nigeria); Mamman, Y. D. [Federal University of Technology, Geology Department (Nigeria)

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

392

"2012 Total Electric Industry- Average Retail Price (cents/kWh)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Average Retail Price (cents/kWh)" Average Retail Price (cents/kWh)" "(Data from forms EIA-861- schedules 4A-D, EIA-861S and EIA-861U)" "State","Residential","Commercial","Industrial","Transportation","Total" "New England",15.713593,13.679941,11.83487,6.6759453,14.017926 "Connecticut",17.343298,14.652335,12.672933,9.6930118,15.54464 "Maine",14.658797,11.52742,7.9819499,".",11.812709 "Massachusetts",14.912724,13.841518,12.566635,4.9056852,13.78825 "New Hampshire",16.070168,13.36121,11.83228,".",14.192854 "Rhode Island",14.404061,11.867247,10.676724,8.2796427,12.740867 "Vermont",17.006075,14.316157,9.9796777,".",14.220244

393

90.1 Prototype Building Models Stand Alone Retail | Building Energy Codes  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Stand Alone Retail Stand Alone Retail The ASHRAE Standard 90.1 prototype building models were developed by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory in support of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Building Energy Codes Program. These prototype buildings were derived from DOE's Commercial Reference Building Models. This suite of ASHRAE Standard 90.1 prototype buildings covers all the Reference Building types except supermarket, and also adds a new building prototype representing high-rise apartment buildings.The prototype models include 16 building types in 17 climate locations for ASHRAE Standards 90.1-2004, 90.1-2007 and 90.1-2010. This combination leads to a set of 816 building models (in EnergyPlus Version 6.0). Also included is a scorecard for each prototype building. The scorecard is a spreadsheet that summarizes the

394

A Mixed Nordic Experience: Implementing Competitive Retail Electricity Markets for Household Customers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although the Nordic countries were among the first to develop competition in the electricity industry, it took a long time to make retail competition work. In Norway and Sweden a considerable number of households are actively using the market but very few households are active in Finland and Denmark. One problem has been institutional barriers involving metering, limited unbundling of distribution and supply, and limited access to reliable information on contracts and prices. (author)

Olsen, Ole Jess; Johnsen, Tor Arnt; Lewis, Philip

2006-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

395

The impact of retail rate structures on the economics of commercial photovoltaic systems in California  

SciTech Connect

This article examines the impact of retail electricity rate design on the economic value of grid-connected photovoltaic (PV) systems, focusing on commercial customers in California. Using 15-min interval building load and PV production data from a sample of 24 actual commercial PV installations, we compare the value of the bill savings across 20 commercial-customer retail electricity rates currently offered in the state. Across all combinations of customers and rates, we find that the annual bill savings from PV, per kWh generated, ranges from $0.05 to $0.24/kWh. This sizable range in rate-reduction value reflects differences in rate structures, revenue requirements, the size of the PV system relative to building load, and customer load shape. The most significant rate design issue for the value of commercial PV is found to be the percentage of total utility bills recovered through demand charges, though a variety of other factors are also found to be of importance. The value of net metering is found to be substantial, but only when energy from commercial PV systems represents a sizable portion of annual customer load. Though the analysis presented here is specific to California, our general results demonstrate the fundamental importance of retail rate design for the customer-economics of grid-connected, customer-sited PV.

Mills, Andrew D.; Wiser, Ryan; Barbose, Galen; Golove, William

2008-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

396

The Impact of Retail Rate Structures on the Economics of Commercial Photovoltaic Systems in California  

SciTech Connect

This article examines the impact of retail electricity rate design on the economic value of grid-connected photovoltaic (PV) systems, focusing on commercial customers in California. Using 15-minute interval building load and PV production data from a sample of 24 actual commercial PV installations, we compare the value of the bill savings across 20 commercial-customer retail electricity rates currently offered in the state. Across all combinations of customers and rates, we find that the annual bill savings from PV, per kWh generated, ranges from $0.05/kWh to $0.24/kWh. This sizable range in rate-reduction value reflects differences in rate structures, revenue requirements, the size of the PV system relative to building load, and customer load shape. The most significant rate design issue for the value of commercial PV is found to be the percentage of total utility bills recovered through demand charges, though a variety of other factors are also found to be of importance. The value of net metering is found to be substantial, but only when commercial PV systems represent a sizable portion of annual customer load. Though the analysis presented here is specific to California, our general results demonstrate the fundamental importance of retail rate design for the customer-economics of grid-connected, customer-sited PV.

Mills, Andrew; Wiser, Ryan; Barbose, Galen; Golove, William

2008-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

397

Uncertainties in the Value of Bill Savings from Behind-the-Meter, Residential Photovoltaic Systems: The Roles of Electricity Market Conditions, Retail Rate Design, and Net Metering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2005a. Time- varying retail electricity prices: Theory andpractice. Electricity Deregulation: Choices and Challenges.efficiency of real-time electricity pricing. Energy Journal

Darghouth, Naim Richard

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Uncertainties in the Value of Bill Savings from Behind-the-Meter, Residential Photovoltaic Systems: The Roles of Electricity Market Conditions, Retail Rate Design, and Net Metering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

varying retail electricity prices: Theory and practice.GENERATION ON WHOLESALE ELECTRICITY PRICES IN CALIFORNIA:4.4.1 Lower wholesale electricity price cap and volumetric

Darghouth, Naim Richard

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Table 3. Top Five Retailers of Electricity, with End Use Sectors, 2010  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Rhode Island" Rhode Island" "1. The Narragansett Electric Co","Investor-Owned",5287440,3068731,1938910,279799,"-" "2. Constellation NewEnergy, Inc","Other Provider",594900,"-",387627,191168,16105 "3. TransCanada Power Mktg Ltd","Other Provider",501659,"-","-",501659,"-" "4. Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg.","Other Provider",389583,"-",116875,272708,"-" "5. Glacial Energy Holdings","Other Provider",283973,"-",283973,"-","-" "Total Sales, Top Five Providers",,7057555,3068731,2727385,1245334,16105 "Percent of Total State Sales",,90,98,74,100,59

400

Table 3. Top Five Retailers of Electricity, with End Use Sectors, 2010  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

District of Columbia" District of Columbia" "1. Potomac Electric Power Co","Investor-Owned",3388490,2014044,1374446,"-","-" "2. Constellation NewEnergy, Inc","Other Provider",2427380,"-",2369901,12091,45388 "3. PEPCO Energy Services","Other Provider",2099946,1012,2098934,"-","-" "4. Washington Gas Energy Services","Other Provider",1759773,39513,1720260,"-","-" "5. Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg.","Other Provider",801256,"-",536225,265031,"-" "Total Sales, Top Five Providers",,10476845,2054569,8099766,277122,45388 "Percent of Total State Sales",,88,97,88,100,14

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retail outlets petrochemical" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Tracking Market Transitions: Key Trends in America's Electricity Markets: Retail Customers and Energy Competition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

U.S. electricity markets have been transitioning in an uneven, but accelerating pace toward competition. Enough experience with competition exists by now to begin to draw from lessons learned. This report summarizes key trends observed in U.S. competitive energy markets to-date, and suggests several trends that are likely to emerge in the near future. Among some of the most important trends observed are the declining number of retail mass-market energy service providers, and the relative lack of differen...

1999-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

402

Assessing and Reducing Plug and Process Loads in Retail Buildings (Brochure)  

SciTech Connect

Plug and process loads (PPLs) in commercial buildings account for almost 5% of U.S. primary energy consumption. Minimizing these loads is a primary challenge in the design and operation of an energy-efficient building. PPLs are not related to general lighting, heating, ventilation, cooling, and water heating, and typically do not provide comfort to the occupants. They use an increasingly large fraction of the building energy use pie because the number and variety of electrical devices have increased along with building system efficiency. Reducing PPLs is difficult because energy efficiency opportunities and the equipment needed to address PPL energy use in retail spaces are poorly understood.

Not Available

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

UK Retailers and Climate Change: The Role of Partnership in Climate Strategies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

 includes all public sector and commercial organisations in Great  Britain and Northern Ireland that (i) have at least one half?hourly electricity meter settled on the  half?hourly market and (ii) consume more than 6,000 MWh of electricity per year (DEFRA,  2008c). In September 2009, the...  retailers and climate change: The role  of partnership in climate strategies1    Aoife Brophy Haney2  ESRC Electricity Policy Research Group and   Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge    Ian Jones  Centre for Business Research,   University of Cambridge     Michael G. Pollitt  ESRC Electricity...

Brophy Haney, A; Jones, I W; Pollitt, Michael G.

404

The Implications of the New Rules of the Game for DR: Retail and Wires Companies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There are ongoing shifts in the distributed resources (DR) market that impact both the retail side of the equation and the application of DR to the distribution grid. This brief paper examines some of these recent shifts and attempt to interpret the reasons for these shifts and the implications that these shifts have for the near term future of DR technologies. This review focuses on three states that appear to be the leaders in the evolution of the role of DR technologies in the wires company: Californi...

2000-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

405

Application of discrete element method to the analysis of free-flow outlet of coal from high coals at underground coal mining  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The mathematical model is developed on the basis of the Discrete Elements Method for investigation of processes of gravitational flow of the granular materials. The problem about free-flow outlet of coal from high coals in sublevel caving systems is ... Keywords: discrete element modeling, granular medium, numerical simulation, powered support, rock massif, underground coal mining

Vladimir I. Klishin; Sergey V. Klishin

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Acoustic Camera Evaluation of Juvenile Salmonid Approach and Fate at Surface Flow Outlets of Two Hydropower Dams  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objective of this study was to estimate and compare fate probabilities for juvenile salmon approaching two surface flow outlets (SFOs) to identify effective design characteristics. The SFOs differed principally in forebay location, depth, discharge, and water velocity over a sharp-crested weir. Both outlets were about 20 ft wide. The 22-ft deep Bonneville Powerhouse 2 Corner Collector (B2CC) was located in the southwest corner of the forebay and passed 5,000 ft3/s of water at normal-pool elevation. In contrast, The Dalles Dam ice and trash sluiceway outlet above Main Unit 1-3 (TDITC) was not located in a forebay corner, was only 7-ft deep, and discharged about 933 ft3/s at normal-pool elevation. The linear velocity of water over the weir was about 15 ft/s at the B2CC and 5 ft/s at the TDITC. We used a Dual-Frequency Identification Sonar (DIDSON) to record movements of fish within about 65 ft of the B2CC and within 35 ft of the TDITC. We actively tracked fish by manually adjusting pan and tilt rotator angles to keep targets in view. Contrary to expectations, active tracking did not provide a predominance of long tracks that clearly indicated fish fate because most tracks were incomplete. Active tracking did increase error in fish-position estimation, which complicated data processing, so we plan to sample multiple fixed zones in the future. The probability of fish entering each SFO was estimated by a Markov chain analysis, which did not require complete fish tracks. At the B2CC, we tracked 7,943 juvenile salmonids and most of them entered the B2CC. Fish moving south 40 to 60 ft upstream of the dam face were more likely to enter the eddy at the south end of the powerhouse than to enter the B2CC. At the TDITC, we tracked 2,821 smolts. Fish movement was complex with active swimming toward and away from the entrance. The high entrance probability zone (EPZ), where over 90% of tracked fish entered the SFO, extended 32 ft out at the B2CC and only 8 ft out at the TDITC. Greater discharge at the B2CC pushed the entrainment zone (EZ - where flow exceeded 7 ft/s) upstream from the entrance so that fish were entrained before they began to struggle against the flow. The high EPZ also was extended by flow along the powerhouse face at both sites, but more at the B2CC (about 450 ft) than at the TDITC (about 50 ft). Fish entering the large south eddy that circulated past the B2CC entrance were provided multiple opportunities to discover and enter. In contrast, fish moving past the sampled TDITC entrance either entered adjacent sluiceway openings or moved west to the spillway because there was no eddy to provide additional opportunities. Information from our study should be useful to fisheries managers and engineers seeking to transfer SFO technologies from one site to another. There are two important components to designing SFOs, the location within the forebay to take advantage of forebay circulation and specific entrance characteristics such as discharge and depth which affect the size and shape of the EZ and the high EPZ. Providing SFOs with an EZ extending upstream of structure could reduce entrance rejection, decrease forebay residence time and risk of predation, and increase passage of schools of smolts.

Ploskey, Gene R.; Johnson, Gary E.; Weiland, Mark A.; Khan, Fenton; Mueller, Robert P.; Serkowski, John A.; Rakowski, Cynthia L.; Hedgepeth, J.; Skalski, John R.; Ebberts, Blaine D.; Klatte, Bernard A.

2006-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

407

2012 CERTS R&M Peer Review - Summary: A Business Model for Retail Aggregation of Responsive Load - Shmuel Oren  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Retail Aggregation of Responsive Load to Produce Wholesale Retail Aggregation of Responsive Load to Produce Wholesale Demand Side Resources Project Lead: Shmuel Oren Objectives The project seeks to develop methods for assembling, managing, and valuing complementary portfolios of variable or intermittent power sources and applications, such as load curtailment, load shifting, renewable resources (wind, solar) and distributed storage (e.g., EV and PHEV batteries, UPS devices etc.). Aggregators can assemble portfolios of such resources to obtain wholesale resources that can be offered in the various ISO markets and exploit the complimentary aspects of these resources through portfolio structuring and dispatch strategies to mitigate the intermittent nature of load response and renewables. Variability can be further reduced by pooling uncertain retail

408

Do Point of Sale RFID-Based Information Services Make a Difference? Analyzing Consumer Perceptions for Designing Smart Product Information Services in Retail Business  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The increase in RFID implementation in retail allows the development of smart product information applications. However, literature describes only a few evaluations of RFID retail applications with real consumers. The question that arises is, whether ... Keywords: NFC, RFID, Ubiquitous computing, product information service, smart products, ubiquitous commerce

Florian Resatsch; Uwe Sandner; Jan Marco Leimeister; Helmut Krcmar

2008-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Energy Implications of Retrofitting Retail Sector Rooftop Units with Stepped-Speed and Variable-Speed Functionality  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Commercial retailers understand that retrofitting constant-speed RTU fan motors with stepped- or variable-speed alternatives could save significant energy in most U.S. climate zones. However, they lack supporting data, both real-world and simulation based, on the cost effectiveness and climate zone-specific energy savings associated with this measure. Thus, building managers and engineers have been unable to present a compelling business case for fan motor upgrades to upper management. This study uses whole-building energy simulation to estimate the energy impact of this type of measure so retailers can determine its economic feasibility.

Studer, D.; Romero, R.; Herrmann, L.; Benne, K.

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

BigHorn Home Improvement Center: Proof that a Retail Building Can Be a Low Energy Building: Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The BigHorn Home Improvement Center in Silverthorne, Colorado was one of the first commercial buildings in the United States to integrate extensive high-performance design into a retail space. After monitoring and evaluation by NREL, the BigHorn Center was found to consume 54% less source energy and have 53% lower energy costs than typical retail buildings of similar size. The extensive use of daylighting to replace electric lighting reduced lighting energy requirements by 80% and significantly contributed to the reduced energy loads in the building.

Deru, M.; Torcellini, P.; Judkoff, R.

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.7 Retail Markets and Companies  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

4 4 Advanced Energy Design Guide for Small Retail Buildings (1) Shell Percent Glass 0.4 Window (U-Factor 0.38-0.69 SHGC 0.40-0.44 Wall R-Value (2) 7.6-15.2 c.i. Roof R-Value Attic 30-60 Insulation Above Deck 15-25 c.i. Lighting Average Power Density (W/ft.^2) 1.3 System and Plant Heating Plant Gas Furnace(>225 kBtuh) 80% Combustion Efficiency Cooling Plant Air conditioner (>135-240 kBtuh) 10.8 EER/11.2 IPLV - 11.0 EER/11.5 IPLV Service Hot Water Gas Storage Water Heater (>75kBtuh) 90% Thermal Efficiency Note(s): Source(s): 1) Guide provides approximate parameters for constructing a building which is 30% more efficient than ASHRAE 90.1-1999. Ranges are due to climate zone dependencies. 2) Assumes a wall with heat content greaater than 7 Btu/ft^2. ASHRAE, Advanced Energy Design Guide for Small Retail Buildings, 2008

412

Investment Efficiency in Competitive Electricity Markets With and Without Time-Varying Retail Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The standard economic model of efficient competitive markets relies on the ability of sellers to charge prices that vary as their costs change. Yet, there is no restructured electricity market in which most retail customers can be charged realtime prices (RTP), prices that can change as frequently as wholesale costs. We analyze the impact of having some share of customers on time-invariant pricing in competitive electricity markets. Not only does time-invariant pricing in competitive markets lead to outcomes (prices and investment) that are not first-best, it even fails to achieve the second-best optimum given the constraint of time-invariant pricing. We then study a number of policy interventions that have been proposed to address the perceived inadequacy of capacity investment. We show that attempts to correct the level of investment through taxes or subsidies on electricity or capacity are unlikely to succeed, because these interventions create new inefficiencies. We demonstrate that the most common proposal, a subsidy to capacity ownership financed by a tax on retail electricity, is particularly problematic. An alternative approach to improving efficiency, increasing the share of customers on RTP, has some surprising effects. We show that such a change lowers the equilibrium price to flat rate customers

Severin Borenstein; Stephen P. Holland

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

An Assessment of the Relationship Between Marketing, Information and Strategy Formulation in the UK Retail Banking Sector  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the expanding retail banking sector of the 1990s, companies have to become increasingly customer-focused. Due to intense competition and the rapidity of change in the external environment, strategic planning in the industry has had to focus more directly ...

J Broady-Preston; Te Hayward

1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Washington Refiner Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Refiner Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type (Dollars per Gallon Excluding Taxes) ... History; Gasoline, All Grades : Through Retail Outlets: ...

415

Acoustic Telemetry Evaluation of Juvenile Salmonid Passage and Survival at John Day Dam with Emphasis on the Prototype Surface Flow Outlet, 2008  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The main purpose of the study was to evaluate the performance of Top Spill Weirs installed at two spillbays at John Day Dam and evaluate the effectiveness of these surface flow outlets at attracting juvenile salmon away from the powerhouse and reducing turbine passage. The Juvenile Salmonid Acoustic Telemetry System (JSATS) was used to estimate survival of juvenile salmonids passing the dam and also for calculating performance metrics used to evaluate the efficiency and effectiveness of the dam at passing juvenile salmonids.

Weiland, Mark A.; Ploskey, Gene R.; Hughes, James S.; Deng, Zhiqun; Fu, Tao; Monter, Tyrell J.; Johnson, Gary E.; Khan, Fenton; Wilberding, Matthew C.; Cushing, Aaron W.; Zimmerman, Shon A.; Faber, Derrek M.; Durham, Robin E.; Townsend, Richard L.; Skalski, John R.; Kim, Jina; Fischer, Eric S.; Meyer, Matthew M.

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.7 Retail Markets and Companies  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

6 6 Energy Benchmarks for Newly Constructed Retail Buildings, by Selected City and End-Use (thousand Btu per square foot) IECC Climate Zone Miami 1A Houston 2A Phoenix 2B Atlanta 3A Los Angeles 3B Las Vegas 3B San Francisco 3C Baltimore 4A Albuquerque 4B Seattle 4C Chicago 5A Boulder 5B Minneapolis 6A Helena 6B Duluth 7 Fairbanks 8 Note(s): Source(s): 108.9 0.1 9.4 Commercial building energy benchmarks are based off of the current stock of commercial buildings and reflect 2004 ASHRAE 90.1 Climate Zones. They are designed to provide a consistent baseline to compare building performance in energy-use simulations. The benchmark building had 24,683 square feet and 1 floor. Benchmark interior lighting energy = 19.2 thousand Btu/SF. Interior equipment energy consumption = 7.63 thousand Btu/SF.

417

Business Case for Installing E85 at Retail Stations, Clean Cities Fact Sheet  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

January 2008 January 2008 Fact Sheet In a business environment where there are up to four gas stations on every major intersection, it's hard for retailers to differentiate themselves from their competitors. One way station owners can distinguish themselves and make a profit is to add alternative fuels, such as E85 (85% ethanol, 15% gasoline), to their product mix. When pricing and availability of the fuel are positive, adding E85 can be a profitable move that can position a station as "green." Offering E85 allows stations to attract customers who already own one of the approximately 6 million flexible fuel vehicles (FFVs) currently on U.S. roadways. These drivers may be attracted to a station offering a region- ally produced fuel that displaces imported petroleum.

418

EVALUATION OF THE INDOOR AIR QUALITY PROCEDURE FOR USE IN RETAIL BUILDINGS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Evaluation of the Indoor Air Quality Evaluation of the Indoor Air Quality Procedure for Use in Retail Buildings Spencer M. Dutton, Wanyu R. Chan, Mark J. Mendell, Marcella Barrios, Srinandini Parthasarathy, Meera Sidheswaran, Douglas P. Sullivan, Katerina Eliseeva, William J. Fisk Environmental Energy Technologies Division Indoor Environment Group Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Berkeley, CA 94720 February 1, 2013 The research reported here was supported by the California Energy Commission Public Interest Energy Research Program, Energy-Related Environmental Research Program, award number 500-09-049.The study was additionally supported by the Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Building Technologies Program of the U.S. Department of Energy under contract DE-AC02-05CH11231.

419

EREV and BEV Economic Viability vs. Household Retail Electric Pricing Strategies: Two Charges a Day?  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

EREV and BEV Economic Viability vs. EREV and BEV Economic Viability vs. Household Retail Electric Pricing Strategies: Two Charges a Day? By Dan Santini Argonne National Laboratory dsantini@anl.gov Remarks are attributable only to the author; not to Argonne or U.S. Department of Energy NAATBatt Conference: The Impact of PEVs on T&D Systems: Challenges and Solutions Dec. 7, 2010 The submitted manuscript has been created by Argonne National Laboratory, a U.S. Department of Energy laboratory managed by UChicago Argonne, LLC, under Contract No. DE-AC02-06CH11357. The U.S. Government retains for itself, and others acting on its behalf, a paid-up, nonexclusive, irrevocable worldwide license in said article to reproduce, prepare derivative works, distribute copies to the public, and perform publicly and display publicly,

420

Benchmarking and Equipment and Controls Assessment for a 'Big Box' Retail Chain  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper describes work to enable improved energy performance of existing and new retail stores belonging to a national chain and thereby also identify measures and tools that would improve the performance of 'big box' stores generally. A detailed energy simulation model of a standard store design was developed and used to: (1) demonstrate the benefits of benchmarking the energy performance of retail stores of relatively standard design using baselines derived from simulation, (2) identify cost-effective improvements in the efficiency of components to be incorporated in the next design cycle, and (3) use simulation to identify potential control strategy improvements that could be adopted in all stores, improving operational efficiency. The core enabling task of the project was to develop an energy model of the current standard design using the EnergyPlus simulation program. For the purpose of verification of the model against actual utility bills, the model was reconfigured to represent twelve existing stores (seven relatively new stores and five older stores) in different US climates and simulations were performed using weather data obtained from the National Weather Service. The results of this exercise, which showed generally good agreement between predicted and measured total energy use, suggest that dynamic benchmarking based on energy simulation would be an effective tool for identifying operational problems that affect whole building energy use. The models of the seven newer stores were then configured with manufacturers performance data for the equipment specified in the current design and used to assess the energy and cost benefits of increasing the efficiency of selected HVAC, lighting and envelope components. The greatest potential for cost-effective energy savings appears to be a substantial increase in the efficiency of the blowers in the roof top units and improvements in the efficiency of the lighting. The energy benefits of economizers on the roof-top units were analyzed and found to be very sensitive to the operation of the exhaust fans used to control building pressurization.

Haves, Philip; Coffey, Brian; Williams, Scott

2008-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retail outlets petrochemical" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

The Impact of Retail Rate Structures on the Economics ofCommercial Photovoltaic Systems in California  

SciTech Connect

To achieve a sizable and self-sustaining market for grid-connected, customer-sited photovoltaic (PV) systems, solar will likely need to be competitive with retail electricity rates. In this report, we examine the impact of retail rate design on the economic value of commercial PV systems in California. Using 15-minute interval building load and PV production data from 24 actual commercial PV installations, we compare the value of the bill savings across 20 commercial customer retail rates currently offered in the state. We find that the specifics of the rate structure, combined with the characteristics of the customer's underlying load and the size of the PV system, can have a substantial impact on the customer-economics of commercial PV systems. Key conclusions for policymakers that emerge from our analysis are as follows: {sm_bullet} Rate design is fundamental to the economics of commercial PV. The rate-reduction value of PV for our sample of commercial customers, considering all available retail tariffs, ranges from $0.05/kWh to $0.24/kWh, reflecting differences in rate structures, the revenue requirements of the various utilities, the size of the PV system relative to building load, and customer load shapes. For the average customer in our sample, differences in rate structure, alone, alter the value of PV by 25% to 75%, depending on the size of the PV system relative to building load. {sm_bullet} TOU-based energy-focused rates can provide substantial value to many PV customers. Retail rates that wrap all or most utility cost recovery needs into time-of-use (TOU)-based volumetric energy rates, and which exclude or limit demand-based charges, provide the most value to PV systems across a wide variety of circumstances. Expanding the availability of such rates will increase the value of many commercial PV systems. {sm_bullet} Offering commercial customers a variety of rate options would be of value to PV. Despite the advantages of energy-focused rates for PV, requiring the use of these tariffs would disadvantage some commercial PV installations. In particular, for PV systems that serve less than 25-50% of annual customer load, the characteristics of the customer's underlying load profile often determine the most favorable rate structure, and energy-focused rate structures may not be ideal for many commercial-customer load shapes. Regulators that wish to establish rates that are beneficial to a range of PV applications should therefore consider allowing customers to choose from among a number of different rate structures. {sm_bullet} Eliminating net metering can significantly degrade the economics of PV systems that serve a large percentage of building load. Under the assumptions stipulated in this report, we find that an elimination of net metering could, in some circumstances, result in more than a 25% loss in the rate-reduction value of commercial PV. As long as annual solar output is less than roughly 25% of customer load and excess PV production can be sold to the local utility at a rate above $0.05/kWh, however, elimination of net metering is found to rarely result in a financial loss of greater than 5% of the rate-reduction value of PV. More detailed conclusions on the rate-reduction value of commercial PV include: {sm_bullet} Commercial PV systems can sometimes greatly reduce demand charges. Though energy-focused retail rates often offer the greatest rate reduction value, commercial PV installations can generate significant reductions in demand charges, in some cases constituting 10-50% of the total rate savings derived from PV installations. These savings, however, depend highly on the size of the PV system relative to building load, on the customer's load shape, and on the design of the demand charge itself. {sm_bullet} The value of demand charge reductions declines with PV system size. At high levels of PV penetration, the value of PV-induced demand charge savings on a $/kWh basis can drop substantially. As a result, the rate-reduction value of PV can decline by up to one-half when a PV system m

Wiser, Ryan; Mills, Andrew; Barbose, Galen; Golove, William

2007-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

422

The Impact of Retail Rate Structures on the Economics ofCommercial Photovoltaic Systems in California  

SciTech Connect

To achieve a sizable and self-sustaining market for grid-connected, customer-sited photovoltaic (PV) systems, solar will likely need to be competitive with retail electricity rates. In this report, we examine the impact of retail rate design on the economic value of commercial PV systems in California. Using 15-minute interval building load and PV production data from 24 actual commercial PV installations, we compare the value of the bill savings across 20 commercial customer retail rates currently offered in the state. We find that the specifics of the rate structure, combined with the characteristics of the customer's underlying load and the size of the PV system, can have a substantial impact on the customer-economics of commercial PV systems. Key conclusions for policymakers that emerge from our analysis are as follows: {sm_bullet} Rate design is fundamental to the economics of commercial PV. The rate-reduction value of PV for our sample of commercial customers, considering all available retail tariffs, ranges from $0.05/kWh to $0.24/kWh, reflecting differences in rate structures, the revenue requirements of the various utilities, the size of the PV system relative to building load, and customer load shapes. For the average customer in our sample, differences in rate structure, alone, alter the value of PV by 25% to 75%, depending on the size of the PV system relative to building load. {sm_bullet} TOU-based energy-focused rates can provide substantial value to many PV customers. Retail rates that wrap all or most utility cost recovery needs into time-of-use (TOU)-based volumetric energy rates, and which exclude or limit demand-based charges, provide the most value to PV systems across a wide variety of circumstances. Expanding the availability of such rates will increase the value of many commercial PV systems. {sm_bullet} Offering commercial customers a variety of rate options would be of value to PV. Despite the advantages of energy-focused rates for PV, requiring the use of these tariffs would disadvantage some commercial PV installations. In particular, for PV systems that serve less than 25-50% of annual customer load, the characteristics of the customer's underlying load profile often determine the most favorable rate structure, and energy-focused rate structures may not be ideal for many commercial-customer load shapes. Regulators that wish to establish rates that are beneficial to a range of PV applications should therefore consider allowing customers to choose from among a number of different rate structures. {sm_bullet} Eliminating net metering can significantly degrade the economics of PV systems that serve a large percentage of building load. Under the assumptions stipulated in this report, we find that an elimination of net metering could, in some circumstances, result in more than a 25% loss in the rate-reduction value of commercial PV. As long as annual solar output is less than roughly 25% of customer load and excess PV production can be sold to the local utility at a rate above $0.05/kWh, however, elimination of net metering is found to rarely result in a financial loss of greater than 5% of the rate-reduction value of PV. More detailed conclusions on the rate-reduction value of commercial PV include: {sm_bullet} Commercial PV systems can sometimes greatly reduce demand charges. Though energy-focused retail rates often offer the greatest rate reduction value, commercial PV installations can generate significant reductions in demand charges, in some cases constituting 10-50% of the total rate savings derived from PV installations. These savings, however, depend highly on the size of the PV system relative to building load, on the customer's load shape, and on the design of the demand charge itself. {sm_bullet} The value of demand charge reductions declines with PV system size. At high levels of PV penetration, the value of PV-induced demand charge savings on a $/kWh basis can drop substantially. As a result, the rate-reduction value of PV can decline by up to one-half when a PV system meets 75% rather

Wiser, Ryan; Mills, Andrew; Barbose, Galen; Golove, William

2007-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

423

A resilience assessment framework for infrastructure and economic systems : quantitative and qualitative resilience analysis of petrochemical supply chains to a hurricane.  

SciTech Connect

In recent years, the nation has recognized that critical infrastructure protection should consider not only the prevention of disruptive events, but also the processes that infrastructure systems undergo to maintain functionality following disruptions. This more comprehensive approach has been termed critical infrastructure resilience (CIR). Given the occurrence of a particular disruptive event, the resilience of a system to that event is the system's ability to efficiently reduce both the magnitude and duration of the deviation from targeted system performance levels. Sandia National Laboratories (Sandia) has developed a comprehensive resilience assessment framework for evaluating the resilience of infrastructure and economic systems. The framework includes a quantitative methodology that measures resilience costs that result from a disruption to infrastructure function. The framework also includes a qualitative analysis methodology that assesses system characteristics that affect resilience in order to provide insight and direction for potential improvements to resilience. This paper describes the resilience assessment framework. This paper further demonstrates the utility of the assessment framework through application to a hypothetical scenario involving the disruption of a petrochemical supply chain by a hurricane.

Ehlen, Mark Andrew; Vugrin, Eric D.; Warren, Drake E.

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Analysis of the relative competitive position of marketers of motor gasoline  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In an effort to analyze the causes of changes in motor gasoline marketing, various economic data were collected and are presented. These data include; (1) gasoline sales by refiners; (2) sales through salaried retail outlets; (3) the number of gasoline retail outlets; and (4) the number of branded independent retail outlets. (PMA)

Not Available

1978-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Resolution in Support of Customer "Right-to-Know" and Product Labeling Standards for the Retail Marketing of Electricity  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Resolution in Support of Customer Resolution in Support of Customer "Right-to-Know" and Product Labeling Standards for the Retail Marketing of Electricity WHEREAS, At least 30 million consumers in six States will begin choosing among competitive electricity providers in early 1998 and retail access to competing electricity suppliers is under consideration in many other states; and WHEREAS, Electricity purchases make up a significant portion of the budget of many households; and WHEREAS, The production of electricity imposes very substantial resource and environmental impacts; and WHEREAS, Pilot retail access programs have shown that customer confusion and misleading claims are highly likely; and WHEREAS, Clear and uniform disclosure may promote efficiency through informed product comparisons; and informed customer choice cannot occur in a retail electricity

426

Uncertainties in the Value of Bill Savings from Behind-the-Meter, Residential Photovoltaic Systems: The Roles of Electricity Market Conditions, Retail Rate Design, and Net Metering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

default electricity rate in the United States, especiallystates, including Washington, Louisiana, or Arkansas, have total residential electricity ratesStates are often compensated at the customer’s underlying retail electricity rate

Darghouth, Naim Richard

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Uncertainties in the Value of Bill Savings from Behind-the-Meter, Residential Photovoltaic Systems: The Roles of Electricity Market Conditions, Retail Rate Design, and Net Metering  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and the Economics of Solar PV: Could Mandatory Time-of-Usea Substantial Benefit of Solar PV. The Electricity JournalMRW and Associates, 2007. Solar PV and Retail Rate Design (

Darghouth, Naim Richard

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Technical Support Document: Development of the Advanced Energy Design Guide for Medium to Big Box Retail Buildings - 50% Energy Savings  

SciTech Connect

This Technical Support Document describes the process and methodology for the development of the Advanced Energy Design Guide for Medium to Big Box Retail Buildings: Achieving 50% Energy Savings Toward a Net Zero Energy Building (AEDG-MBBR) ASHRAE et al. (2011b). The AEDG-MBBR is intended to provide recommendations for achieving 50% whole-building energy savings in retail stores over levels achieved by following ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90.1-2004, Energy Standard for Buildings Except Low-Rise Residential Buildings (Standard 90.1-2004) (ASHRAE 2004b). The AEDG-MBBR was developed in collaboration with the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE), the American Institute of Architects (AIA), the Illuminating Engineering Society of North America (IES), the U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC), and the U.S. Department of Energy.

Bonnema, E.; Leach, M.; Pless, S.

2013-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Impacts of Western Area Power Administration`s power marketing alternatives on retail electricity rates and utility financial viability  

SciTech Connect

Changes in power contract terms for customers of Western`s Salt Lake City Area Office affect electricity rates for consumers of electric power in Arizona, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming. The impacts of electricity rate changes on consumers are studied by measuring impacts on the rates charged by individual utility systems, determining the average rates in regional areas, and conducting a detailed rate analysis of representative utility systems. The primary focus is an evaluation of the way retail electricity rates for Western`s preference customers vary with alternative pricing and power quantity commitment terms under Western`s long-term contracts to sell power (marketing programs). Retail rate impacts are emphasized because changes in the price of electricity are the most direct economic effect on businesses and residences arising from different Western contractual and operational policies. Retail rates are the mechanism by which changes in cost associated with Western`s contract terms are imposed on ultimate consumers, and rate changes determine the dollar level of payments for electric power incurred by the affected consumers. 41 figs., 9 tabs.

Bodmer, E.; Fisher, R.E.; Hemphill, R.C.

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Technical Support Document: The Development of the Advanced Energy Design Guide for Small Retail Buildings  

SciTech Connect

The Advanced Energy Design Guide for Small Retail Buildings (AEDG-SR) was developed by a partnership of organizations, including the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE), the American Institute of Architects (AIA), the Illuminating Engineering Society of North America (IESNA), the United States Green Buildings Council (USGBC), and the Department of Energy (DOE). The guide is intended to offer recommendations to achieve 30% energy savings and thus to encourage steady progress towards net-zero energy buildings. The baseline level energy use was set at buildings built at the turn of the millennium, which are assumed to be based on ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90.1-1999, Energy Standard for Buildings Except Low-Rise Residential Buildings (refer to as the ?Standard? in this report). ASHRAE and its partners are engaged in the development of a series of guides for small commercial buildings, with the AEDG-SR being the second in the series. Previously the partnership developed the Advanced Energy Design Guide for Small Office Buildings: Achieving 30% Energy Savings Over ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90.1-1999, which was published in late 2004. The technical support document prepared by PNNL details how the energy analysis performed in support of the Guide and documents development of recommendation criteria.

Liu, Bing; Jarnagin, Ronald E.; Winiarski, David W.; Jiang, Wei; McBride, Merle F.; Crall, C.

2006-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

431

Product Supplied for Petrochemical Feedstocks  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Data may not add to ...

432

Outfall Site and Type Selection for a New Surface Flow Outlet to Pass Juvenile Salmonids at Bonneville Dam’s Second Powerhouse, Columbia River  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A site near the downstream tip of Cascades Island with a mid-level chute outfall type was selected for the high flow (> 28.3 m3/s) outfall of the new surface flow outlet for juvenile salmonids at Bonneville Dam’s Second Powerhouse (B2). The new passage route and outfall are a result of modifications to the original ice and trash sluice chute to increase discharge capacity and improve passage conditions, including a new outfall type and site. Technical guidelines on high flow outfall location and design were established concurrently with the outfall development process. Critical design parameters for the new B2 outfall included discharge of 150 m3/s, jet entry velocities approaching 15.2 m/s, and a tailwater elevation range of 6.1 m. For outfall siting, the selection process began with identification of nine initial alternatives. Screening, evaluation, and selection stages narrowed the list to two outfall sites – “Range D” 122 m directly downstream from the existing sluice chute outfall and “Range F” 760 m downstream near the end of Cascades Island. For outfall type, the selection process was initiated with conceptualization of 13 alternatives. Following successive screening, evaluation, consolidation, and selection stages, two outfall types became finalists – “Adjustable Cantilever” and “Mid-Level Cantilever.” The four combinations of outfall site/type were evaluated in 1:30 and 1:100 scale physical hydraulic models and a Mid-Level Cantilever at the tip of Cascades Island in Range F was selected. During further engineering after our study, the cantilever was replaced with a monolith structure to reduce construction costs, resulting in a mid-level chute outfall that was installed in 2004. Post-construction evaluations indicated survival rates around 100% through the B2CC were the highest of all passage routes at Bonneville Dam. The B2CC surface flow outlet with its high flow outfall provided a major improvement to juvenile salmonid passage at Bonneville Dam.

Johnson, Gary E.; Ebberts, Blaine D.; Giorgi, Albert E.; Kuhn, Karen; Lee, Randall T.; Plump, John H.; Stensby, David A.; Sweeney, Charles E.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Buildings Energy Data Book: 3.7 Retail Markets and Companies  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

5 5 Energy Benchmarks for Existing Retail Buildings, by Selected City and End-Use (thousand Btu per square foot) IECC Post Pre Post Pre Post Pre Miami 1A 0.5 0.7 23.0 25.2 14.3 16.1 Houston 2A 11.6 12.4 16.2 18.9 14.6 16.9 Phoenix 2B 8.3 10.2 17.2 21.3 14.2 17.5 Atlanta 3A 24.9 26.2 9.2 11.2 15.1 17.4 Los Angeles 3B 6.9 7.7 3.3 3.9 13.4 14.1 Las Vegas 3B 15.4 17.9 11.6 14.8 12.7 16.9 San Francisco 3C 22.4 22.5 0.7 1.0 10.6 12.1 Baltimore 4A 43.0 46.9 6.2 7.9 13.3 16.2 Albuquerque 4B 30.2 33.8 5.3 6.8 13.7 16.5 Seattle 4C 38.4 42.0 0.9 1.3 11.1 13.7 Chicago 5A 59.5 62.9 4.4 5.3 15.3 18.7 Boulder 5B 43.3 47.2 3.2 4.2 15.2 18.7 Minneapolis 6A 75.5 82.2 3.7 4.3 19.5 21.1 Helena 6B 60.3 66.1 1.9 2.3 20.8 22.2 Duluth 7 92.8 103.7 1.2 1.4 21.1 21.9 Fairbanks 8 156.4 173.4 0.5 0.5 27.1 30.0 Note(s): Source(s): Heating Cooling Ventilation Climate Zone Commercial building energy benchmarks are based off of the current stock of commercial buildings and reflect 2004 ASHRAE 90.1 Climate

434

Consumer Convenience and the Availability of Retail Stations as a Market Barrier for Alternative Fuel Vehicles: Preprint  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The availability of retail stations can be a significant barrier to the adoption of alternative fuel light-duty vehicles in household markets. This is especially the case during early market growth when retail stations are likely to be sparse and when vehicles are dedicated in the sense that they can only be fuelled with a new alternative fuel. For some bi-fuel vehicles, which can also fuel with conventional gasoline or diesel, limited availability will not necessarily limit vehicle sales but can limit fuel use. The impact of limited availability on vehicle purchase decisions is largely a function of geographic coverage and consumer perception. In this paper we review previous attempts to quantify the value of availability and present results from two studies that rely upon distinct methodologies. The first study relies upon stated preference data from a discrete choice survey and the second relies upon a station clustering algorithm and a rational actor value of time framework. Results from the two studies provide an estimate of the discrepancy between stated preference cost penalties and a lower bound on potential revealed cost penalties.

Melaina, M.; Bremson, J.; Solo, K.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Transportation Energy Futures Series: Alternative Fuel Infrastructure Expansion: Costs, Resources, Production Capacity, and Retail Availability for Low-Carbon Scenarios  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Achieving the Department of Energy target of an 80% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2050 depends on transportation-related strategies combining technology innovation, market adoption, and changes in consumer behavior. This study examines expanding low-carbon transportation fuel infrastructure to achieve deep GHG emissions reductions, with an emphasis on fuel production facilities and retail components serving light-duty vehicles. Three distinct low-carbon fuel supply scenarios are examined: Portfolio: Successful deployment of a range of advanced vehicle and fuel technologies; Combustion: Market dominance by hybridized internal combustion engine vehicles fueled by advanced biofuels and natural gas; Electrification: Market dominance by electric drive vehicles in the LDV sector, including battery electric, plug-in hybrid, and fuel cell vehicles, that are fueled by low-carbon electricity and hydrogen. A range of possible low-carbon fuel demand outcomes are explored in terms of the scale and scope of infrastructure expansion requirements and evaluated based on fuel costs, energy resource utilization, fuel production infrastructure expansion, and retail infrastructure expansion for LDVs. This is one of a series of reports produced as a result of the Transportation Energy Futures (TEF) project, a Department of Energy-sponsored multi-agency project initiated to pinpoint underexplored transportation-related strategies for abating GHGs and reducing petroleum dependence.

Melaina, M. W.; Heath, G.; Sandor, D.; Steward, D.; Vimmerstedt, L.; Warner, E.; Webster, K. W.

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

www.ucei.org Customer Risk from Real-Time Retail Electricity Pricing: Bill Volatility and Hedgability  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract: One of the most critical concerns that customers have voiced in the debate over real-time retail electricity pricing is that they would be exposed to risk from fluctuations in their electricity cost. The concern seems to be that a customer could find itself consuming a large quantity of power on the day that prices skyrocket and thus receive a monthly bill far larger than it had budgeted for. I analyze the magnitude of this risk, using demand data from 1142 large industrial customers, and then ask how much of this risk can be eliminated through various straightforward financial instruments. I find that very simple hedging strategies can eliminate more than 80 % of the bill volatility that would otherwise occur. Far from being complex, mystifying financial instruments that only a Wall Street analyst could love, these are simple forward power purchase contracts, and are already offered to retail customers by a number of fully-regulated utilities that operate real-time pricing programs. I then show that a slightly more sophisticated application of these forward power purchases can significantly enhance their effect on reducing bill volatility. 1

Severin Borenstein; Severin Borenstein

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

U.S. Total Propane (Consumer Grade) Prices by Sales Type  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Area: U.S. East Coast (PADD 1) New England (PADD 1A) Central Atlantic (PADD 1B) Lower Atlantic (PADD 1C) Midwest (PADD 2) Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) West Coast (PADD 5) Period: Monthly Annual Area: U.S. East Coast (PADD 1) New England (PADD 1A) Central Atlantic (PADD 1B) Lower Atlantic (PADD 1C) Midwest (PADD 2) Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) West Coast (PADD 5) Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Sales Type Area Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History Sales to End Users, Average - - - - - - 1993-2013 Residential - - - - - - 1993-2013 Commercial/Institutional - - - - - - 1993-2013 Industrial - - - - - - 1993-2013 Through Retail Outlets - - - - - - 1993-2013 Petro-Chemical - - - - - - 1994-2013 Other End Users - - - - - - 1993-2013 Sales for Resale

438

The Impact of Retail Rate Structures on the Economics ofCustomer-Sited PV: A Study of Commercial Installations inCalifornia  

SciTech Connect

We analyze the impact of retail rate design on the economics of grid-connected commercial photovoltaic (PV) systems in California. The analysis is based on 15-minute interval building load and PV production data for 24 commercial PV installations in California, spanning a diverse set of building load shapes and geographic locations. We derive the annual bill savings per kWh generated for each PV system, under each of 21 distinct retail rates currently offered by the five largest utilities in California. We identify and explain variation in the value of bill savings attributable to differences in the structure of demand and energy charges across rates, as well as variation attributable to other factors, such as the size of the PV system relative to building load, the specific shape of the PV production profile, and the customer load profile. We also identify the optimal rate for each customer, among those rates offered as alternatives to one another, and show how the decision is driven in large measure by the size of the PV system relative to building load. The findings reported here may be of value to regulators and utilities responsible for designing retail rates, as well as to customers and PV retailers who have a need to estimate the prospective bill savings of PV systems.

Wiser, Ryan; Mills, Andrew; Barbose, Galen; Golove, William

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Essays on horizontal merger simulation: the curse of dimensionality, retail price discrimination, and supply channel stage-games  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the words of Joel I. Klein, former Assistant Attorney General of the United States, �[a]ntitrust enforcement in the merger area has never been as time-consuming, complex, or as central to the functioning of our economy as it is today� (Klein, 1998). As such, the development of transparent, efficient, and accurate merger analysis tools is an endeavor whose value continues to increase in the eyes of regulators and industry participants alike. Arguably, the most visible result of such endeavors is the emergence and advancement of a practice known as merger simulation. The first goal of this dissertation is to evaluate the merits of the Distance Metric (DM) demand model and its usefulness in merger simulations. Revered by its creators as easy-to-use, flexible, and able to handle large numbers of products, the DM approach has not received the �road-testing� necessary for establishing its practical usefulness. The DM model is used to estimate demand elasticities for 45 bottled-juice products. Elasticities are then used to simulate numerous hypothetical mergers. While adding validity to the alleged strengths of the DM approach, an additional contribution is made by demonstrating the robustness of merger simulation results across 22 DM specifications. Despite the oft-recognized reality of zone pricing by food retailers, this form of price discrimination has received little attention within the context of upstream merger analysis. Thus, the second objective of this dissertation is to relax the conventional merger simulation assumption of uniform pricing by retailers, allowing us to explore the impacts of zone pricing on post-merger price effects. Using the ready-to-eat cereals industry as a backdrop, it is shown that ignoring retail price discrimination veils a potentially diverse set of price effects that are otherwise lost in uniform pricing analyses. The goal of the final essay is to explore the implementation of more realistic supply channel interactions in merger simulations. In particular, a two-stage pricing game is used to conduct merger simulations in the refrigerated orange juice category. The overriding finding is that comparisons with conventionally used models will not be practical until the relationship between demand specification and two-stage game modeling is better understood.

Pofahl, Geoffrey Michael

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

notice, is given to the source. On the Efficiency of Competitive Electricity Markets With Time-Invariant Retail Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The standard economic model of efficient competitive markets relies on the ability of sellers to charge prices that vary as their costs change. Yet, there is no restructured electricity market in which most retail customers can be charged realtime prices (RTP), prices that can change as frequently as wholesale costs. We analyze the impact of having some share of customers on time-invariant pricing in competitive electricity markets. Not only does time-invariant pricing in competitive markets lead to outcomes (prices and investment) that are not first-best, it even fails to achieve the second-best optimum given the constraint of time-invariant pricing. We then show that attempts to correct the level of investment through taxes or subsidies on electricity or capacity are unlikely to succeed, because these interventions create new inefficiencies. In contrast, increasing the share of customers

Severin Borenstein; Stephen P. Holland; We Thank Jim Bushnell; Joe Farrell; Morten Hviid; Erin Mansur; Michael Riordan; Lawrence White; Severin Borenstein; Stephen P. Holl

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retail outlets petrochemical" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Technical Support Document: Development of the Advanced Energy Design Guide for Medium Box Retail -- 50% Energy Savings  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report provides recommendations that architects, designers, contractors, developers, owners, and lessees of medium box retail buildings can use to achieve whole-building energy savings of at least 50% over ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2004. The recommendations are given by climate zone and address building envelope, fenestration, lighting systems, HVAC systems, building automation and controls, outside air treatment, service water heating, plug loads, and photovoltaic systems. The report presents several paths to 50% savings, which correspond to different levels of integrated design. These are recommendations only, and are not part of a code or standard. The recommendations are not exhaustive, but we do try to emphasize the benefits of integrated building design, that is, a design approach that analyzes a building as a whole system, rather than as a disconnected collection of individually engineered subsystems.

Hale, E. T.; Macumber, D. L.; Long, N. L.; Griffith, B. T.; Benne, K. S.; Pless, S. D.; Torcellini, P. A.

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

442

Consumer Convenience and the Availability of Retail Stations as a Market Barrier for Alternative Fuel Vehicles: Preprint  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center (EERE)

Consumer Convenience and the Consumer Convenience and the Availability of Retail Stations as a Market Barrier for Alternative Fuel Vehicles Preprint M. Melaina National Renewable Energy Laboratory J. Bremson University of California Davis K. Solo Lexidyne, LLC Presented at the 31st USAEE/IAEE North American Conference Austin, Texas November 4-7, 2012 Conference Paper NREL/CP-5600-56898 January 2013 NOTICE The submitted manuscript has been offered by an employee of the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC (Alliance), a contractor of the US Government under Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308. Accordingly, the US Government and Alliance retain a nonexclusive royalty-free license to publish or reproduce the published form of this contribution, or allow others to do so, for US Government purposes.

443

Characterization of Fish Passage Conditions through a Francis Turbine, Spillway, and Regulating Outlet at Detroit Dam, Oregon, Using Sensor Fish, 2009  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fish passage conditions through two spillways, a Francis turbine, and a regulating outlet (RO) at Detroit Dam on the North Santiam River in Oregon were evaluated by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory for the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE), Portland District, using Sensor Fish devices. The objective of the study was to describe and compare passage exposure conditions, identifying potential fish injury regions within the routes. The study was performed in July, October, and December 2009 concurrent with HI-Z balloon-tag studies by Normandeau Associates, Inc. Sensor Fish data were analyzed to estimate 1) exposure conditions, particularly exposure to severe strike, collision, and shear events by passage route sub-regions; 2) differences in passage conditions between passage routes; and 3) relationships to live-fish injury and mortality data estimates. Comparison of the three passage routes evaluated at Detroit Dam indicates that the RO passage route through the 5-ft gate opening was relatively the safest route for fish passage under the operating conditions tested; turbine passage was the most deleterious. These observations were supported also by the survival and malady estimates obtained from live-fish testing. Injury rates were highest for turbine and spillway passage. However, none of the passage routes tested is safe for juvenile salmonid passage.

Duncan, Joanne P.; Carlson, Thomas J.

2011-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

444

Characterization of Fish Passage Conditions through a Francis Turbine and Regulating Outlet at Cougar Dam, Oregon, Using Sensor Fish, 2009–2010  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Fish passage conditions through a Francis turbine and a regulating outlet (RO) at Cougar Dam on the south fork of the McKenzie River in Oregon were evaluated by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory for the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Portland District, using Sensor Fish devices. The objective of the study was to describe and compare passage exposure conditions, identifying potential fish injury regions encountered during passage via specific routes. The RO investigation was performed in December 2009 and the turbine evaluation in January 2010, concurrent with HI-Z balloon-tag studies by Normandeau Associates, Inc. Sensor Fish data were analyzed to estimate 1) exposure conditions, particularly exposure to severe collision, strike, and shear events by passage route sub-regions; 2) differences in passage conditions between passage routes; and 3) relationships to live-fish injury and mortality data estimates. Comparison of the three passage routes evaluated at Cougar Dam indicates that the RO passage route through the 3.7-ft gate opening was relatively the safest route for fish passage under the operating conditions tested; turbine passage was the most deleterious. These observations were supported also by the survival and malady estimates obtained from live-fish testing. Injury rates were highest for turbine passage. Compared to mainstem Columbia River passage routes, none of the Cougar Dam passage routes as tested are safe for juvenile salmonid passage.

Duncan, Joanne P.

2011-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

445

Dry Versus Wet Aging of Beef: Retail Cutting Yields and Palatability Evaluations of Steaks Using Alternative Cutting Styles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Boneless ribeye rolls (n = 12) and boneless top sirloin butts (n = 12) were obtained from heavy weight carcasses (mean = 407.8 kg), assigned to one of two aging treatments (dry or wet) and aged for 35 days at a commercial aging facility. Cutting tests were performed at the end of the aging period to determine retail yields. Subprimals were fabricated using the Beef Alternative Merchandising cutting styles, isolating four specific muscles: M. spinalis thoracis, M. longissimus thoracis, M. gluteobiceps, and M. gluteus medius. Retail cutting tests showed wet-aged subprimals had higher (P < 0.0001) total saleable yield percentages with decreased cooler shrink and gross cut loss percentages. This resulted in wet-aged ribeye rolls and top sirloin butts yielding 1.5 times and 1.3 times more saleable product than dry-aged counterparts, respectively. In order to determine palatability characteristics, consumer sensory evaluations and trained panel evaluations were preformed. Palatability related to aging and muscle type resulted in significant differences. From a consumer standpoint, aging treatment influenced OLIKE, FLAV, FLEVEL, and BEEFLIKE but only through the interaction of aging treatment x muscle. Clearly, consumers rated the wet-aged, M. spinalis thoracis highest in each of the previously stated attributes. Aging also affected JUIC, whereas muscle type had a significant (P < 0.0001) effect on FLVBF, TEND, LEVTEND, JUIC, and LEVJUIC. As far as trained sensory attributes were concerned, a more concrete flavor profile of aged beef was obtained. In addition, dry-aged steaks had greater (P < 0.0001) cooking yield percentages when compared to wet-aged steaks.

Smith, Amanda 1987-

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Operations Landscape for Integrating Demand Response in Wholesale Environments: A Primer on the Wholesale Operations Landscape for I ntegrating Retail Demand Response  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The report depicts the electric power industry operations landscape, including the functions, systems, and information exchanges that support wholesale operations. It frames industry stakeholders and their respective uses for retail demand response (DR) in a structured fashion. It also elucidates opportunities, challenges, and strategies employed when integrating DR in wholesale environments.The project approach considers diverse functions, systems, and roles for demand-side resources ...

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

447

untitled  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Sales Type, PAD District, and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) - Continued Geographic Area Month All Formulations Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Through Retail Outlets...

448

Massachusetts Refiner Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Refiner Gasoline Prices by Grade and Sales Type (Dollars per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Area: ... History; Gasoline, All Grades : Through Retail Outlets: ...

449

UTILITY RESTRUCTURING Electric Utility Restructuring: What Does It Mean for Residential and Small Retail Consumers in Maine?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

poses both advantages and disadvantages to residential and small retail consumers in Maine. While electric restructuring in Maine has been thoughtfully developed, the basic question of whether electricity rates will be lower for the average consumer will remain uncertain for some time. This uncertainty is linked not only to Maine’s electricity rate bidding process but also to potentially oligopolistic national trends. In addition, whether individual consumers achieve savings in their electricity costs will be determined, in part, by their choice of electricity supplier. While some consumers may prefer a higher-cost supplier because of the value-added services that accompany that option, others may make no choice and, by default, receive the standard option—where rates are determined by the Maine Public Utilities Commission (MPUC). ? In this article, the authors describe the factors that initiated the push toward restructuring, the history of the enabling legislation, and relevant portions of the MPUC’s Consumer Education Program. To consumers, the authors emphasize the importance of aggregation—clusters of buying groups—and detail how the nature of open competition may affect them. In particular, they call attention to the additional services that may be provided by electricity suppliers. Finally, in discussing the implications of deregulation, they lay out the uncertainties that lie ahead for consumers, policymakers, and regulators as Maine opens itself up to competition in the electric power market.

Lewis Tagliaferre; Susan Greenwood

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Measured energy savings and demand reduction from a reflective roof membrane on a large retail store in Austin  

SciTech Connect

In this study, we measured and documented summertime air-conditioning (a/c) daily energy savings and demand reduction from a reflective roof membrane retrofit on a large retail store in Austin, Texas. The original black rubber membrane was replaced with white thermoplastic resulting in a decrease in the average maximum roof surface temperature from 168 degrees F (76 degrees C) to 126 degrees F (52 degrees C). This building, with 100,000ft2 (9300m2) of roof area, yielded 3.6Wh/ft2 (39Wh/m2) in a/c average daily energy savings and 0.35W/ft2 (3.8W/m2) in average reduced demand. Total a/c annual abated energy and demand expenditures were estimated to be $7200 or $0.072/ft2 ($0.77/m2). Based on cost data provided by the building manager, the payback is instantaneous with negligible incremental combined labor and material costs. The estimated present value of future abated expenditures ranged from $62,000 to $71,000 over the baseline 13-year service life of the roof membrane.

Konopacki, Steven J.; Akbari, Hashem

2001-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

451

Masco Retail Cabinet Group  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... We believe we are the world's largest manufacturer of DIY architectural coatings including paints, specialty paint products, stains, varnishes and ...

2009-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

452

Retail Unbundling - Indiana  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

NIPSCO estimates that all its customers will have access to unbundled service ... Citizens Gas and Coke ... The program would be phased in over a 6-year ...

453

Retail Unbundling - Wisconsin  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Natural Gas Residential Restructuring Status by State. Energy Information Administration (U.S. Dept. of Energy)

454

Retail Unbundling - Kentucky  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... Columbia stated that choice participants were not saving money and asked that the pilot be discontinued 7 months before its scheduled termination date of ...

455

Retail Unbundling - Minnesota  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... but instead focused on energy conservation and efficiency measures and reliability. According to the PUC, ...

456

Retail Unbundling - Montana  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Approval of Energy West Montana's interim rates, gas cost tracking procedures, and choice selection or cancellation times (Docket ...

457

Retail Unbundling - Iowa  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Seminole Energy Services, LLC certified to provide competitive natural gas services to both small- and large-volume customers in Iowa. 04/08:

458

Retail Unbundling - Massachusetts  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Natural Gas Residential Restructuring Status by State. Energy Information Administration (U.S. Dept. of Energy)

459

Retail Unbundling - Kentucky  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy Information Administration (U.S ... of last resort and remains in the merchant business, ... transportation capacity and undergo a prospective capacity audit.”

460

Retail Unbundling - South Dakota  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Number of Customers (All Sectors) Number of Transportation Customers (All Sectors) MidAmerican Energy Company. 82,236. 213. Montana-Dakota Utilities Company . 52,046 ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retail outlets petrochemical" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Retail Unbundling - West Virginia  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

The average price paid by commercial customers for natural gas purchased from LDCs was $7.04 per ... Estimated Number of Customers. Customer Type. Total 2001. Eligible.

462

Retail Unbundling - Kentucky  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Larger volume customers throughout the State have had access to unbundled service ... Number of Customers . Customer Type. Total 2004. Eligible ...

463

Retail Unbundling - South Dakota  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Number of Transportation Customers (All Sectors) MidAmerican Energy Company. 72,731. 141. Montana-Dakota Utilities. 46,346. 39. NorthWestern Public Service.

464

Retail Motor Gasoline Prices*  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

motor gasoline is projected to be about 1.38 per gallon. As was the case with heating oil, last year's peak average gasoline price, at 1.633 per gallon in June, was the...

465

Retail Unbundling - Texas  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... Although there are no unbundling programs for residential and small-volume ... the city's natural gas prices are locked in as of November 1, and . ...

466

Retail Unbundling - Iowa  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... if notification occurs between May 1 and July 1 or at an ... Board decided implementation of a small-volume gas transportation plan would no ...

467

Retail Unbundling - Michigan  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

The PSC opened a docket in response to a request by Universal Gas and Electric Corp. for a ... PSC Issues Emergency Billing Rules ...

468

Retail Unbundling - Georgia  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

The legislation gives the PSC authority to issue emergency orders, such as price regulations, if it ... The Natural Gas Consumers' Relief Act (House ...

469

Retail Unbundling - Nebraska  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

The PSC opens an investigation of certain customer service ... PSC determined that utilities should include an aggregator code of conduct in their tariffs and all ...

470

Retail Unbundling - Colorado  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... standards of conduct, and marketer certification requirements. ... Investigation into Gas Industry Restructuring, Docket No. 971-033G.

471

Retail Unbundling - Maryland  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Code of Conduct for BG&E Affiliate ... Investigation into Allocation of Costs Between Regulated and Unregulated Business Activities of the ...

472

Retail Unbundling - Oklahoma  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... of the residential and commercial markets, have commission-approved tariffs that allow transportation-only service for schools, hospitals, and ...

473

Retail Unbundling - Iowa  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... in addition to the schools and community colleges that were already eligible. The pilots are scheduled to continue until August 2007, ...

474

Retail Unbundling - Washington  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Unbundled service is available to large-volume commercial and industrial customers, which include hospitals and large schools. EIA State Data: In ...

475

Retail Unbundling - Iowa  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... in addition to the schools and community colleges that were already eligible. In November 2007, ...

476

Retail Unbundling - Georgia  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy America Fined ... Statement issued in response to new tariff filed by Shell Energy Services that would have allowed the company to renew contracts ...

477

Retail Unbundling - West Virginia  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

In theory, all residential customers in the State are allowed to choose natural gas suppliers, but virtually all customers still purchase gas from a local distribution...

478

Retail Unbundling - Louisiana  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Currently, only large industrial customers can purchase natural gas from nonutility suppliers. EIA State Data: In 2008, Louisiana had 886,084 residential and 57,066 commercial...

479

Retail Unbundling - New Mexico  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

Mexico Status: All residential customers in the State are allowed to choose natural gas suppliers, but almost no one is participating. Overview: New Mexico has allowed unbundled...

480

Retail Unbundling - New York  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

The rate plan increases gas service delivery rates $1.37 million in January 2010, $786,000 in January 2011, and $213,000 in January 2012.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retail outlets petrochemical" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Retail Unbundling - Nebraska  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

The act includes an option for municipalities and LDCs to negotiate rates for ... ratepayer board to represent consumers in rate proceedings ...

482

Retail Unbundling - New York  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Companies are to submit a report detailing the results gained from demonstration projects ... gas delivery management options ... Interim Restructurin ...

483

Retail Unbundling - Massachusetts  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

DTE approved the concept of a portfolio auction whereby LDCs would transfer management of their ... The Department of ... in its electric restructurin ...

484

Retail Unbundling - Montana  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

The Natural Gas Restructuring and Customers Choice ... which would provide management services for 5 ... the Montana Department of Environmental ...

485

Retail Unbundling - Massachusetts  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

The DPU is within the Executive Office of Environmental Affairs overseen ... of Risk-Management ... issues related to its pilot project that began ...

486

Retail Unbundling - Massachusetts  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

DTE concluded that the upstream capacity market is not yet sufficiently competitive to change the current mandatory capacity assignment approach.

487

Retail Unbundling - South Dakota  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

The average prices paid for natural gas purchased from LDCs by residential and commercial customers were $7.34 and $6 ... Incentive Gas Supply ...

488

Retail Unbundling - South Dakota  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Natural Gas Residential Restructuring Status by State. Energy Information Administration (U.S. Dept. of Energy)

489

Retail Unbundling - New York  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

to survey ESCOs and other parties to determine if there is enough interest for an energy aggregation program. 1006 NYPSC approves 3-year rate plan for O&R. Plan includes...

490

Retail Unbundling - New Jersey  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... gas affiliate relations, ... The standards define options for community aggregation programs, require the separation of LDCs and affiliates, ...

491

Retail Unbundling - Florida  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Natural Gas Residential ... residential and commercial sales customers to transportation service and exit ... Adopted for Natural Gas Marketing ...

492

Retail Unbundling - Florida  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

The average prices residential and commercial customers paid for ... to all former sales customers, which were residential and ... for Natural Gas Mar ...

493

Retail Unbundling - New Hampshire  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Natural Gas Residential ... All natural gas marketers and aggregators must ... companies by residential and commercial customers were $14.98 ...

494

Retail Unbundling - Maryland  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Natural Gas Residential ... prices paid for natural gas purchased from local distribution companies and marketers by residential and commercial custom ...

495

Retail Unbundling - Kentucky  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Natural Gas Residential ... and commercial customers paid for natural gas from local ... price protection service and negotiated sales service ...

496

Retail Unbundling - Pennsylvania  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Natural Gas Residential Programs by ... comprehensive unbundling for its residential gas customers. ... marketers, and residential, commercial, ...

497

Retail Unbundling - Maryland  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Natural Gas Residential ... natural gas, respectively. The average prices paid for natural gas purchased from local distribution companies by resident ...

498

Retail Unbundling - Minnesota  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Energy Information ... to free the regulatory and energy participants to develop a comprehensive gas and electric utility restructuring/unbundling pla ...

499

Residential Retail - Wisconsin  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... and new cost categories were ... using algorithms to estimate daily usage as opposed to using expensive telemetering equipment. 12/00. Wisconsin ...

500

Retail Unbundling - Wyoming  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... distinction between its regulated distribution company and its marketing affiliate and to file compliance tariffs by April 1, 2003. 3/02 ...