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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retail fuel oil" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Retail Diesel Fuel Oil Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Along with heating oil prices, the distillate supply squeeze has Along with heating oil prices, the distillate supply squeeze has severely impacted diesel fuel prices, especially in the Northeast. Diesel fuel is bascially the same product as home heating oil. The primary difference is that diesel has a lower sulfur content. When heating oil is in short supply, low sulfur diesel fuel can be diverted to heating oil supply. Thus, diesel fuel prices rise with heating heating oil prices. Retail diesel fuel prices nationally, along with those of most other petroleum prices, increased steadily through most of 1999. But prices in the Northeast jumped dramatically in the third week of January. Diesel fuel prices in New England rose nearly 68 cents per gallon, or 47 percent, between January 17 and February 7. While EIA does not have

2

Retail Diesel Fuel Oil Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Along with heating oil prices, the distillate supply squeeze has Along with heating oil prices, the distillate supply squeeze has severely impacted diesel fuel prices, especially in the Northeast. Retail diesel price data are available sooner than residential heating oil data. This graph shows that diesel prices turned the corner sometime after February 7 and are heading down. Retail diesel fuel prices nationally, along with those of most other petroleum prices, increased steadily through most of 1999. Prices jumped dramatically (by over 11 cents per gallon) in the third week of January, and rose 2 or more cents a week through February 7. The increases were much more rapid in the Northeast. From January 17 through February 7, diesel fuel prices in New England rose nearly 68 cents per gallon, or 47 percent. Prices in the Mid-Atlantic region rose about 58

3

Retail Heating Oil and Diesel Fuel Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 6 Notes: With the worst of the heating season (October-March) now behind us, we can be fairly confident that retail heating oil prices have seen their seasonal peak. Relatively mild weather and a softening of crude oil prices have helped ease heating oil prices. Spot heating oil prices recently reached their lowest levels in over six months. Because of relatively balmy weather in the Northeast in January and February, heating oil stock levels have stabilized. Furthermore, heating oil production has been unusually robust, running several hundred thousand barrels per day over last year's pace. Currently, EIA expects winter prices to average around $1.41, which is quite high in historical terms. The national average price in December 2000 was 44 cents per gallon above the December 1999 price. For February

4

Retail Heating Oil and Diesel Fuel Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Because of the higher projected crude oil prices and because of Because of the higher projected crude oil prices and because of increased tightening in the Northeast heating oil market since the last Outlook, we now expect prices this winter for residential heating oil deliveries to peak at $1.52 per gallon in January. This is significantly above the monthly peak reached last winter. Because these figures are monthly averages, we expect some price movements for a few days to be above the values shown on the graph. This winter's expected peak price would be the highest on record in nominal terms, eclipsing the high set in February 2000. However, in real (constant dollar) terms, both of these prices remain well below the peak reached in March 1981, when the average residential heating oil price was $1.29 per gallon, equivalent to over $2.50 per gallon today.

5

Retail Heating Oil and Diesel Fuel Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9 9 Notes: Because of the higher projected crude oil prices and because of increased tightening in the Northeast heating oil market since the last Outlook, we now expect prices this winter for residential heating oil deliveries to peak at about $1.52 per gallon in January. This is significantly above the monthly peak reached last winter. Because these figures are monthly averages, we expect some price movements for a few days to be above the values shown on the graph. This winter's expected peak price would be the highest on record in nominal terms, eclipsing the high set in February 2000. However, in real (constant dollar) terms, both of these prices remain well below the peak reached in March 1981, when the average residential heating oil price was $1.29 per gallon, equivalent to over $2.50 per gallon today.

6

Retail Heating Oil and Diesel Fuel Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7 7 Notes: Because of the higher projected crude oil prices and because of increased tightening in the Northeast heating oil market since the last Outlook, we have raised expected peak prices this winter for residential heating oil deliveries to $1.55 per gallon (January) compared to $1.43 per gallon in last month's projections. This is significantly above the monthly peak reached last winter. Because these figures are monthly averages, we expect some price movements for a few days to be above the values shown on the graph. Primary distillate inventories in the United States failed to rise significantly in November despite some speculation that previous distributions into secondary and tertiary storage would back up burgeoning production and import volumes into primary storage that month. Average

7

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Retailer Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Fuel Retailer Fuel Retailer Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Retailer Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Retailer Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Retailer Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Retailer Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Retailer Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Retailer Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Ethanol Fuel Retailer Tax Credit Retailers that sell fuel blends of gasoline containing up to 15% ethanol by

8

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Retailer Tax Incentive  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Renewable Fuel Renewable Fuel Retailer Tax Incentive to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Retailer Tax Incentive on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Retailer Tax Incentive on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Retailer Tax Incentive on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Retailer Tax Incentive on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Retailer Tax Incentive on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Renewable Fuel Retailer Tax Incentive on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Renewable Fuel Retailer Tax Incentive A licensed retail motor fuel dealer may receive a quarterly incentive for

9

Retail Product Prices Are Driven By Crude Oil  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 6 Notes: Retail prices for both gasoline and diesel fuel have risen strongly over the past two years, driven mostly by the rise in world crude oil prices to their highest levels since the Persian Gulf War. Of course, there are a number of other significant factors that impact retail product prices, the most important of which is the supply/demand balance for each product. But the point of this slide is to show that generally speaking, as world crude oil prices rise and fall, so do retail product prices. Because of the critical importance of crude oil price levels, my presentation today will look first at global oil supply and demand, and then at the factors that differentiate the markets for each product. I'll also talk briefly about natural gas, and the impact that gas

10

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Retail and Storage Requirements  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Biodiesel Retail and Biodiesel Retail and Storage Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Retail and Storage Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Retail and Storage Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Retail and Storage Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Retail and Storage Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Retail and Storage Requirements on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Retail and Storage Requirements on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Retail and Storage Requirements

11

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Production and Retail Requirements  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Hydrogen Production Hydrogen Production and Retail Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Production and Retail Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Production and Retail Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Production and Retail Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Production and Retail Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Production and Retail Requirements on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Hydrogen Production and Retail Requirements on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Hydrogen Production and Retail Requirements

12

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Definitions and Retail  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Biodiesel and Ethanol Biodiesel and Ethanol Definitions and Retail Requirements to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Definitions and Retail Requirements on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Definitions and Retail Requirements on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Definitions and Retail Requirements on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Definitions and Retail Requirements on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Definitions and Retail Requirements on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel and Ethanol Definitions and Retail Requirements on AddThis.com... More in this section...

13

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Retailer Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Ethanol Blend Retailer Ethanol Blend Retailer Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Retailer Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Retailer Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Retailer Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Retailer Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Retailer Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Blend Retailer Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Ethanol Blend Retailer Tax Credit The Ethanol Promotion Tax Credit is available to any fuel retailer for up

14

Alternative Fuels Data Center: E15 Retailer Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

E15 Retailer Tax E15 Retailer Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: E15 Retailer Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: E15 Retailer Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: E15 Retailer Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: E15 Retailer Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: E15 Retailer Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: E15 Retailer Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type E15 Retailer Tax Credit Retail stations dispensing gasoline fuel blends of 15% ethanol (E15) for use in motor vehicles may be eligible for a tax credit in the amount of

15

Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Retailer Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

E85 Retailer Tax E85 Retailer Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Retailer Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Retailer Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Retailer Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Retailer Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Retailer Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Retailer Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type E85 Retailer Tax Credit Retail stations dispensing E85 for use in motor vehicles may be eligible for a tax credit in the amount of $0.16 per gallon for calendar years

16

Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Retail Sales Reporting  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Retail Sales Retail Sales Reporting to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Retail Sales Reporting on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Retail Sales Reporting on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Retail Sales Reporting on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Retail Sales Reporting on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Retail Sales Reporting on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: E85 Retail Sales Reporting on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type E85 Retail Sales Reporting A retailer who dispenses E85 must report to the Indiana Department of State Revenue the total number of gallons of E85 sold from a metered pump.

17

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Retailer License  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Retailer License to someone by E-mail Retailer License to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Retailer License on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Retailer License on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Retailer License on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Retailer License on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Retailer License on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Natural Gas and Propane Retailer License on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Natural Gas and Propane Retailer License Compressed natural gas, liquefied natural gas, or liquefied petroleum gas

18

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Retailer Tax Credit  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Biodiesel Blend Biodiesel Blend Retailer Tax Credit to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Retailer Tax Credit on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Retailer Tax Credit on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Retailer Tax Credit on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Retailer Tax Credit on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Retailer Tax Credit on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Biodiesel Blend Retailer Tax Credit on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Biodiesel Blend Retailer Tax Credit Retailers whose total diesel sales consist of at least 50% biodiesel blends

19

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Retail Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Retail Electric Retail Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Regulations to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Retail Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Regulations on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Retail Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Regulations on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Retail Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Regulations on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Retail Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Regulations on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Retail Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Regulations on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Retail Electric Vehicle (EV) Charging Regulations on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type

20

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Business Case for E85 Fuel Retailers  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Business Case for E85 Business Case for E85 Fuel Retailers to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Business Case for E85 Fuel Retailers on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Business Case for E85 Fuel Retailers on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Business Case for E85 Fuel Retailers on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Business Case for E85 Fuel Retailers on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Business Case for E85 Fuel Retailers on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Business Case for E85 Fuel Retailers on AddThis.com... More in this section... Ethanol Basics Benefits & Considerations Stations Locations Infrastructure Development Business Case Equipment Options Equipment Installation

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retail fuel oil" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Price of Motor Gasoline Through Retail Outlets  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Prices, Sales Volumes & Stocks by State Prices, Sales Volumes & Stocks by State (Dollars per Gallon Excluding Taxes) Data Series: Retail Price - Motor Gasoline Retail Price - Regular Gasoline Retail Price - Midgrade Gasoline Retail Price - Premium Gasoline Retail Price - Aviation Gasoline Retail Price - Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Retail Price - Propane Retail Price - Kerosene Retail Price - No. 1 Distillate Retail Price - No. 2 Distillate Retail Price - No. 2 Fuel Oil Retail Price - No. 2 Diesel Fuel Retail Price - No. 4 Fuel Oil Prime Supplier Sales - Motor Gasoline Prime Supplier Sales - Regular Gasoline Prime Supplier Sales - Midgrade Gasoline Prime Supplier Sales - Premium Gasoline Prime Supplier Sales - Aviation Gasoline Prime Supplier Sales - Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Prime Supplier Sales - Propane (Consumer Grade) Prime Supplier Sales - Kerosene Prime Supplier Sales - No. 1 Distillate Prime Supplier Sales - No. 2 Distillate Prime Supplier Sales - No. 2 Fuel Oil Prime Supplier Sales - No. 2 Diesel Fuel Prime Supplier Sales - No. 4 Fuel Oil Prime Supplier Sales - Residual Fuel Oil Stocks - Finished Motor Gasoline Stocks - Reformulated Gasoline Stocks - Conventional Gasoline Stocks - Motor Gasoline Blending Components Stocks - Kerosene Stocks - Distillate Fuel Oil Stocks - Distillate F.O., 15 ppm and under Sulfur Stocks - Distillate F.O., Greater than 15 to 500 ppm Sulfur Stocks - Distillate F.O., Greater 500 ppm Sulfur Stocks - Residual Fuel Oil Stocks - Propane/Propylene Period: Monthly Annual

22

Safeguarding Truck-Shipped Wholesale and Retail Fuels (STSWRF)  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Safeguarding Truck-Shipped Wholesale and Retail Fuels (STSWRF) Oak Ridge National Laboratory approved ORNL's plan to conduct a Phase II Pilot Test titled Safeguarding Truck-Shipped Wholesale

23

Vegetable oil fuel  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In this article, the future role of renewable agricultural resources in providing fuel is discussed. it was only during this century that U.S. farmers began to use petroleum as a fuel for tractors as opposed to forage crop as fuel for work animals. Now farmers may again turn to crops as fuel for agricultural production - the possible use of sunflower oil, soybean oil and rapeseed oil as substitutes for diesel fuel is discussed.

Bartholomew, D.

1981-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Building Out Alternative Fuel Retail Infrastructure: Government Fleet Spillovers in E85  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

of Energy, 1996, “Alternative Fuel Transportation Program:Lim, 2007, “Location of Alternative Fuel Stations Using theWP 188 Building Out Alternative Fuel Retail Infrastructure:

Corts, Kenneth S.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose this week The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose slightly to 3.90 a gallon on Monday. That's...

26

MECS Fuel Oil Tables  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

: Actual, Minimum and Maximum Use Values for Fuel Oils and Natural Gas : Actual, Minimum and Maximum Use Values for Fuel Oils and Natural Gas Year Distillate Fuel Oil (TBtu) Actual Minimum Maximum Discretionary Rate 1985 185 148 1224 3.4% 1994 152 125 1020 3.1% Residual Fuel Oil (TBtu) Actual Minimum Maximum Discretionary Rate 1985 505 290 1577 16.7% 1994 441 241 1249 19.8% Natural Gas (TBtu) Actual Minimum Maximum Discretionary Rate 1985 4656 2702 5233 77.2% 1994 6141 4435 6758 73.4% Source: Energy Information Administration, Office of Energy Markets and End Use, 1985 and 1994 Manufacturing Energy Consumption Surveys. Table 2: Establishments That Actually Switched Between Natural Gas and Residual Fuel Oil Type of Switch Number of Establishments in Population Number That Use Original Fuel Percentage That Use Original Fuel Number That Can Switch to Another Fuel Percentage That Can Switch to Another Fuel Number That Actually Made a Switch Percentage That Actually Made a Switch

27

MECS Fuel Oil Figures  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

: Percentage of Total Purchased Fuels by Type of Fuel : Percentage of Total Purchased Fuels by Type of Fuel Figure 1. Percent of Total Purchased Fuel Sources: Energy Information Administration. Office of Energy Markets and End Use, Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS): Consumption of Energy; U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Annual Survey of Manufactures (ASM): Statistics for Industry Groups and Industries: Statistical Abstract of the United States. Note: The years below the line on the "X" Axis are interpolated data--not directly from the Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey or the Annual Survey of Manufactures. Figure 2: Changes in the Ratios of Distillate Fuel Oil to Natural Gas Figure 2. Changes in the Ratios of Distillate Fuel Oil to Natural Gas Sources: Energy Information Administration. Office of

28

Are unleaded gasoline and diesel price adjustments symmetric? A comparison of the four largest EU retail fuel markets  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The purpose of this paper is to examine the nature of price adjustments in the gasoline markets of Germany, France, Italy and Spain. We examine whether crude oil prices are transmitted to the retail gasoline prices in the short and long run and we test the symmetry of price adjustments hypothesis. An Error Correction Model, which accounts for possible asymmetric adjustment behavior, is applied for the estimation of the international crude oil price pass-through and testing of the symmetric/asymmetric nature of the retail fuel price adjustments in these economies. Our results show that rigidities in the transmission process exist but the retail fuel speed of upward/downward price adjustment to equilibrium is considered as symmetric in all four economies analyzed. Thus, our findings on the whole do not provide firm evidence to support the “rockets and feathers” hypothesis that crude oil price increases are passed along to the retail customer more fully than the crude oil price decreases.

Stelios Karagiannis; Yannis Panagopoulos; Prodromos Vlamis

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Compare All CBECS Activities: Fuel Oil Use  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

of fuel oil in 1999. Only six building types had any statistically significant fuel oil usage, with education buildings using the most total fuel oil. Figure showing total fuel oil...

30

Diesel fuel oils, 1980  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Properties of diesel fuels produced during 1980 were submitted for study and compilation under a cooperative agreement between the Department of Energy, Bartlesville Energy Technology Center, Bartlesville, Oklahoma and the American Petroleum Institute. Tests of 192 samples of diesel fuel oils from 95 refineries throughout the country were made by 28 petroleum groups according to type of diesel fuel. Each group of analyses is subdivided into five tabulations according to five general regions of the country where the fuels are marketed. The regions, containing a total of 16 districts, are shown on a map in the report. Data from 13 laboratory tests on each individual diesel fuel sample are listed and arranged by geographic marketing districts in decreasing order of sales volumes. Charts are included showing trends of averages of certain properties for the four types of diesel fuels for the years 1960-1980. Summaries of the results of the 1980 survey, compared with similar data for 1979, are shown.

Shelton, E.M.

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Fuel Oil Use in Manufacturing  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

of fuel oil relative to other fuels is that manufacturers must maintain large storage tanks. This can prove to be an added expense beyond the price of the fuel. Manufacturers...

32

The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose this week The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel rose to 3.93 a gallon on Monday. That's up 2 ...

33

fuel_oil.pdf  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Fuel Oil Usage Form Fuel Oil Usage Form 1999 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) 1. Timely submission of this report is mandatory under Public Law 93-275, as amended. 2. This completed report is due by 3. Data reported on this questionnaire are for the entire building identified in the label to the right. 4. Data may be submitted directly on this questionnaire or in any other format, such as a computer-generated listing, which provides the same i nformation and is conve nient for y our company. a. You may submit a single report for the entire building, or if it i s easier, a separate report for each of several accounts in the building. These will then be aggregated by the survey contractor. b. If you are concerned about your individual account information, you may c

34

Diesel fuel oils, 1982  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Properties of diesel fuels produced during 1982 were submitted for study and compilation under a cooperative agreement between the Department of Energy (DOE), Bartlesville Energy Technology Center (BETC), Bartlesville, Oklahoma and the American Petroleum Institute (API). Tests of 184 samples of diesel fuel oils from 83 refineries throughout the country were made by 27 petroleum groups according to type of diesel fuel. Each group of analyses is subdivided into five tabulations according to five general regions of the country where the fuels are marketed. The regions, containing a total of 16 districts, are shown on a map in the report. Data from 13 laboratory tests on each individual diesel fuel sample are listed and arranged by geographic marketing districts in decreasing order of sales volumes. Charts are included showing trends of averages of certain properties for the four types of diesel fuels for the years 1960 to 1982. Summaries of the results of the 1982 survey, compared with similar data for 1981, are shown in Tables 1 through 4 of the report. A summary of 1-D and 2-D fuels are presented in Tables 5 and 6 respectively.

Shelton, E.M.

1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Plasticizer Contamination in Edible Vegetable Oil in a U.S. Retail Market  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Plasticizer Contamination in Edible Vegetable Oil in a U.S. Retail Market ... The content of total plasticizers in oil samples was determined to be 210–7558 ?g/kg, which was comparable to the content range in oil marketed in Italy. ... The electron impact energy was 70 eV. ...

Xiaolong Bi; Xiaojun Pan; Shoujun Yuan; Qiquan Wang

2013-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

36

Diesel fuel oils, 1981  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Properties of diesel fuels produced during 1981 were submitted for study and compilation under a cooperative agreement between the Department of Energy (DOE), Bartlesville Energy Technology Center (BETC), Bartlesville, Oklahoma and the American Petroleum Institute (API). Tests of 160 samples of diesel fuel oils from 77 refineries throughout the country were made by 26 petroleum groups according to type of diesel fuel. Each group of analyses is subdivided into five tabulations according to five general regions of the country where the fuels are marketed. The regions, containing a total of 16 districts, are shown on a map in the report. Data from 13 laboratory tests on each individual diesel fuel sample are listed and arranged by geographic marketing districts in decreasing order of sales volumes. Charts are included showing trends of averages of certain properties for the four types of diesel fuels for the years 1960 to 1981. Summaries of the results of the 1981 survey, compared with similar data for 1980, are shown.

Shelton, E.M.

1981-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Soybean Oil as Diesel Fuel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Soybean Oil as Diesel Fuel ... TESTS are reported from Japan on the use of soybean oil as Diesel fuel in a 12-horsepower engine of 150-mm. ... This trouble was overcome by passing through some of the Diesel cooling water to heat the fuel tank and supply line. ...

C.H.S. TUPHOLME

1940-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

38

Marine Fuel Oil on a Mixed Base  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Three grades of high–viscosity marine fuel oil are manufactured according to TU 38. ... developing the composition and technology for production of marine fuel oils [1– 4].

S. V. Kotov; A. G. Oltyrev; I. N. Kankaeva…

2001-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Distillate Fuel Oil Sales for Residential Use  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

End Use Product: Residential - Distillate Fuel Oil Residential - No. 1 Residential - No. 2 Residential - Kerosene Commercial - Distillate Fuel Oil Commercial - No. 1 Distillate...

40

Enhanced Oil Recovery to Fuel Future Oil Demands | GE Global...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

to Fuel Future Oil Demands Enhanced Oil Recovery to Fuel Future Oil Demands Trevor Kirsten 2013.10.02 I'm Trevor Kirsten and I lead a team of GE researchers that investigate a...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retail fuel oil" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

A stochastic optimization model for gas retail with temperature scenarios and oil price parameters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......dealing with gas retail commercialization. We consider temperature...by a mean reverting process. Oil prices and exchange...indices; mean reverting process; stochastic programming...undergoing a liberalization process aiming at promoting...storage and wholesale commercialization, and local monopolistic......

F. Maggioni; M. Bertocchi; R. Giacometti; M. T. Vespucci; M. Innorta; E. Allevi

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

"Economic","Electricity","Fuel Oil","Fuel Oil(b)","Natural Gas...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

7.4;" " Unit: Percents." " ",," "," ",," "," " ,,"Residual","Distillate",,"LPG and" "Economic","Electricity","Fuel Oil","Fuel Oil(b)","Natural Gas(c)","NGL(d)","Coal"...

43

Adjusted Distillate Fuel Oil Sales for Residential Use  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

End Use/ Product: Residential - Distillate Fuel Oil Residential - No. 1 Residential - No. 2 Residential - Kerosene Commercial - Distillate Fuel Oil Commercial - No. 1 Distillate Commercial - No. 2 Distillate Commercial - No. 2 Fuel Oil Commercial - Ultra Low Sulfur Diesel Commercial - Low Sulfur Diesel Commercial - High Sulfur Diesel Commercial - No. 4 Fuel Oil Commercial - Residual Fuel Oil Commercial - Kerosene Industrial - Distillate Fuel Oil Industrial - No. 1 Distillate Industrial - No. 2 Distillate Industrial - No. 2 Fuel Oil Industrial - Low Sulfur Diesel Industrial - High Sulfur Diesel Industrial - No. 4 Fuel Oil Industrial - Residual Fuel Oil Industrial - Kerosene Farm - Distillate Fuel Oil Farm - Diesel Farm - Other Distillate Farm - Kerosene Electric Power - Distillate Fuel Oil Electric Power - Residual Fuel Oil Oil Company Use - Distillate Fuel Oil Oil Company Use - Residual Fuel Oil Total Transportation - Distillate Fuel Oil Total Transportation - Residual Fuel Oil Railroad Use - Distillate Fuel Oil Vessel Bunkering - Distillate Fuel Oil Vessel Bunkering - Residual Fuel Oil On-Highway - No. 2 Diesel Military - Distillate Fuel Oil Military - Diesel Military - Other Distillate Military - Residual Fuel Oil Off-Highway - Distillate Fuel Oil Off-Highway - Distillate F.O., Construction Off-Highway - Distillate F.O., Non-Construction All Other - Distillate Fuel Oil All Other - Residual Fuel Oil All Other - Kerosene Period:

44

Straight Vegetable Oil as a Diesel Fuel?  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Two-page fact sheet discussing the pitfalls of using straight vegetable oil (SVO) as a transportation fuel.

Not Available

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Oil Shale and Other Unconventional Fuels Activities | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Naval Reserves Oil Shale and Other Unconventional Fuels Activities Oil Shale and Other Unconventional Fuels Activities The Fossil Energy program in oil shale focuses on...

46

Fuel oil and kerosene sales 1997  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Fuel Oil and Kerosene Sales 1997 report provides information, illustrations and state-level statistical data on end-use sales of kerosene; No. 1, No. 2, and No. 4 distillate fuel oil; and residual fuel oil. State-level kerosene sales include volumes for residential, commercial, industrial, farm, and all other uses. State-level distillate sales include volumes for residential, commercial, industrial, oil company, railroad, vessel bunkering, military, electric utility, farm, on-highway, off highway construction, and other uses. State-level residual fuel sales include volumes for commercial, industrial, oil company, vessel bunkering, military, electric utility, and other uses. 24 tabs.

NONE

1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Are the transport fuel retail markets regionally integrated in Spain? Evidence from price transmission  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In this paper we explore whether the Spanish retail fuel markets are integrated at the regional level. We perform a comparative analysis of the transmission of international wholesale fuel prices to retail fuel prices. Our results are in favor of market segmentation, since the degree of cost pass-through differs noticeably across provinces (NUTS 3) and this outcome is clearly robust to the exclusion of the island provinces. We also found that cost pass-through is more similar for those provinces belonging to the same autonomous community (NUTS 2). It is suggested that different regulations and criteria regarding the granting of administrative authorizations from the autonomous communities could be hindering the integration of geographical markets.

Jacint Balaguer; Jordi Ripollés

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

Fuel and fuel blending components from biomass derived pyrolysis oil  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

A process for the conversion of biomass derived pyrolysis oil to liquid fuel components is presented. The process includes the production of diesel, aviation, and naphtha boiling point range fuels or fuel blending components by two-stage deoxygenation of the pyrolysis oil and separation of the products.

McCall, Michael J.; Brandvold, Timothy A.; Elliott, Douglas C.

2012-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

49

Fuel oil and kerosene sales 1996  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Fuel Oil and Kerosene Sales 1996 report provides information, illustrations and State-level statistical data on end-use sales of kerosene; No. 1, No. 2, and No. 4 distillate fuel oil; and residual fuel oil. State-level kerosene sales include volumes for residential, commercial, industrial, farm, and all other uses. State-level distillate sales include volumes for residential, commercial, industrial, oil company, railroad, vessel bunkering, military, electric utility, farm, on-highway, off highway construction, and other uses. State-level residual fuel sales include volumes for commercial, industrial, oil company, vessel bunkering, military, electric utility, and other uses. The Petroleum Marketing Division, Office of Oil and Gas, Energy Information Administration ensures the accuracy, quality, and confidentiality of the published data in the Fuel Oil and Kerosene Sales 1996. 24 tabs.

NONE

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

"Characteristic(a)","Total","Fuel Oil","Fuel Oil(b)","Natural...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

ual","Distillate",,"LPG and",,"Coke and"," " "Characteristic(a)","Total","Fuel Oil","Fuel Oil(b)","Natural Gas(c)","NGL(d)","Coal","Breeze","Other(e)" ,"Total United States" "Value...

51

,,,"Residual Fuel Oil(b)",,,," Alternative...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Standard Errors for Table 10.5;" " Unit: Percents." ,,,"Residual Fuel Oil(b)",,,," Alternative Energy Sources(c)" ,,,"Coal Coke" "NAICS"," ","Total","...

52

"Table A2. Total Consumption of LPG, Distillate Fuel Oil,...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

. Total Consumption of LPG, Distillate Fuel Oil, and Residual Fuel" " Oil for Selected Purposes by Census Region, Industry Group, and Selected" " Industries, 1991" " (Estimates in...

53

Residential heating oil prices decline  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

heating oil prices decline The average retail price for home heating oil is 3.48 per gallon. That's down 4.5 cents from a week ago, based on the residential heating fuel survey by...

54

Straight Vegetable Oil as a Diesel Fuel? (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Discusses the use of straight vegetable oil as a diesel fuel and the use of biodiesel as a transportation fuel.

Not Available

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Fuel oil and kerosene sales 1995  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This publication contains the 1995 survey results of the ``Annual Fuel Oil and Kerosene Sales Report`` (Form EIA-821). This is the seventh year that the survey data have appeared in a separate publication. Except for the kerosene and on-highway diesel information, data presented in Tables 1 through 12 (Sales of Fuel Oil and Kerosene) present results of the EIA-821 survey. Tables 13 through 24 (Adjusted Sales of Fuel Oil and Kerosene) include volumes that are based on the EIA-821 survey but have been adjusted to equal the product supplied volumes published in the Petroleum Supply Annual (PSA). 24 tabs.

NONE

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Fuel Oil and Kerosene Sales 2012  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Fuel Oil and Kerosene Sales Fuel Oil and Kerosene Sales 2012 November 2013 Independent Statistics & Analysis www.eia.gov U.S. Department of Energy Washington, DC 20585 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Fuel Oil and Kerosene Sales 2012 i This report was prepared by the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), the statistical and analytical agency within the U.S. Department of Energy. By law, EIA's data, analyses, and forecasts are independent of approval by any other officer or employee of the United States Government. The views in this report therefore should not be construed as representing those of the U.S. Department of Energy or other federal agencies. U.S. Energy Information Administration | Fuel Oil and Kerosene Sales 2012 1

57

Fuel oil and kerosene sales 1993  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This publication contains the 1993 survey results of the ``Annual Fuel Oil and Kerosene, Sales Report`` (Form EIA-821). This is the fifth year that the survey data have appeared in a separate publication. Prior to the 1989 report, the statistics appeared in the Petroleum Marketing Annual (PMA) for reference year 1988 and the Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) for reference years 1984 through 1987. The 1993 edition marks the 10th annual presentation of the results of the ongoing ``Annual Fuel Oil and Kerosene Sales Report`` survey. Except for the kerosene and on-highway diesel information, data presented in Tables 1 through 12 (Sales of Fuel Oil and Kerosene) present results of the EIA-821 survey. Tables 13 through 24 (Adjusted Sales of Fuel Oil and Kerosene) include volumes that are based on the EIA-821 survey but have been adjusted to equal the products supplied volumes published in the Petroleum Supply Annual (PSA).

Not Available

1994-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

58

Fuel oil and kerosene sales 1994  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This publication contains the 1994 survey results of the ``Annual Fuel Oil and Kerosene Sales Report`` (Form EIA-821). This is the sixth year that the survey data have appeared in a separate publication. Prior to the 1989 report, the statistics appeared in the Petroleum Marketing Annual (PMA)for reference year 1988 and the Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) for reference years 1984 through 1987. The 1994 edition marks the 11th annual presentation of the results of the ongoing ``Annual Fuel Oil and Kerosene Sales Report`` survey. Distillate and residual fuel oil sales continued to move in opposite directions during 1994. Distillate sales rose for the third year in a row, due to a growing economy. Residual fuel oil sales, on the other hand, declined for the sixth year in a row, due to competitive natural gas prices, and a warmer heating season than in 1993. Distillate fuel oil sales increased 4.4 percent while residual fuel oil sales declined 1.6 percent. Kerosene sales decreased 1.4 percent in 1994.

NONE

1995-09-27T23:59:59.000Z

59

Primary and Secondary Distillates as Marine Fuel Oil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The component compositions of marine fuel oils satisfying the requirements of TU 38. ... were developed. Light gasoils replace standard diesel fuel in marine fuel oil. The demulsifiability of light and heavy ... ...

T. N. Mitusova; I. A. Pugach; N. P. Averina…

60

Response of Oil Sands Derived Fuels in Diesel HCCI Operation  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Response of Oil Sands Derived Fuels in Diesel HCCI Operation Bruce G. Bunting senior staff scientist Fuels, Engines, and Emissions Research Center 2007 DOE DEER Conference...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retail fuel oil" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Response of Oil Sands Derived Fuels in Diesel HCCI Operation...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Response of Oil Sands Derived Fuels in Diesel HCCI Operation Response of Oil Sands Derived Fuels in Diesel HCCI Operation Presentation given at the 2007 Diesel Engine-Efficiency &...

62

Table 50. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Distillate Fuel Oils...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

No. 2 Distillate No. 4 Fuel a Total Distillate and Kerosene No. 2 Fuel Oil No. 2 Diesel Fuel No. 2 Distillate Low-Sulfur High-Sulfur Total United States January...

63

Table 46. Refiner No. 2 Distillate, Diesel Fuel, and Fuel Oil...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1998 295 Table 46. Refiner No. 2 Distillate, Diesel Fuel, and Fuel Oil Volumes by PAD District and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) -...

64

Table 46. Refiner No. 2 Distillate, Diesel Fuel, and Fuel Oil...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

AdministrationPetroleum Marketing Annual 1999 295 Table 46. Refiner No. 2 Distillate, Diesel Fuel, and Fuel Oil Volumes by PAD District and State (Thousand Gallons per Day) -...

65

Chapter 8 - Algae Oils as Fuels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Biologically produced fuels are considered potential and viable alternatives to meet the world’s fuel requirements. In this context, algal-based oil is of significant importance due to its renewable and carbon-neutral nature. Biosynthesis of triglycerides by utilizing CO2 (by biofixation) or wastewater under stress conditions via photoautotrophic, heterotrophic (photo/dark), or mixotrophic mechanisms enumerates the potential of microalgae for generation of renewable biodiesel. In addition to the algal cultivation, the conversion of the accumulated lipids to biodiesel is gaining considerable interest. Though there exist some constraints, the process of harnessing biofuel from microalgae is both economically viable and environmentally sustainable compared to the other oil-producing terrestrial crops. This chapter explores biofuel production using microalgae. Concerted efforts are made in this chapter to discuss the biochemistry pertaining to algal lipid synthesis, nutritional modes of algae, cultivation systems used for algal oil production, and the cascade of steps involved, from biomass cultivation to transesterification of the fuel. The ability of microalgae to capture CO2 and its survivability in wastewater is also elaborated in the context of lipid synthesis.

S. Venkata Mohan; M. Prathima Devi; G. Venkata Subhash; Rashmi Chandra

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Consumer Convenience and the Availability of Retail Stations as a Market Barrier for Alternative Fuel Vehicles: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The availability of retail stations can be a significant barrier to the adoption of alternative fuel light-duty vehicles in household markets. This is especially the case during early market growth when retail stations are likely to be sparse and when vehicles are dedicated in the sense that they can only be fuelled with a new alternative fuel. For some bi-fuel vehicles, which can also fuel with conventional gasoline or diesel, limited availability will not necessarily limit vehicle sales but can limit fuel use. The impact of limited availability on vehicle purchase decisions is largely a function of geographic coverage and consumer perception. In this paper we review previous attempts to quantify the value of availability and present results from two studies that rely upon distinct methodologies. The first study relies upon stated preference data from a discrete choice survey and the second relies upon a station clustering algorithm and a rational actor value of time framework. Results from the two studies provide an estimate of the discrepancy between stated preference cost penalties and a lower bound on potential revealed cost penalties.

Melaina, M.; Bremson, J.; Solo, K.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

The pass through of oil prices into euro area consumer liquid fuel prices in an environment of high and volatile oil prices  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Crude and refined oil prices have been relatively high and volatile on a sustained basis since 1999. This paper considers the pass through of oil prices into consumer liquid (i.e. petrol, diesel and heating) fuel prices in such an environment. The pass through of oil prices into consumer liquid fuel prices has already been addressed extensively in the literature. Nonetheless much of this literature has either focused on the United States or on a time period when oil prices were relatively stable, or has used monthly data. The main contribution of this paper is a comprehensive combination of many features that have been considered before but rarely jointly. These features include: (1) the analysis of the euro area as an aggregate and a large number of countries (the initial 12 member states); (2) the consideration of different time periods; (3) the modelling of the data in raw levels rather than in log levels. This turns out to have important implications for our findings; (4) the use of high frequency (weekly) data, which, as results will suggest, are the lowest frequency one should consider; (5) the investigation of the different stages of the production chain from crude oil prices to retail distribution — refining costs and margins, distribution and retailing costs and margins; (6) the examination of prices including and excluding taxes — excise and value-added; (7) the modelling of prices for three fuel types — passenger car petrol and diesel separately and home heating fuel oil; (8) lastly we also address the issue of possible asymmetries, allowing for the pass through to vary according to (a) whether price are increasing or decreasing and (b) whether price levels are above or below their equilibrium level. The main findings are as follows: First, as distribution and retailing costs and margins have been broadly stable on average, the modelling of the relationship between consumer prices excluding taxes and upstream prices in raw levels rather than in logarithms has important implications for the stability of estimates of pass through when oil price levels rise significantly. Second, considering spot prices for refined prices improves significantly the fit of the estimated models relative to using crude oil prices. It also results in more economically meaningful results concerning the extent of pass through. Third, oil price pass through occurs quickly, with 90% occurring within three to five weeks. Fourth, using a relatively broad specification allowing for asymmetry in the pass through from upstream to downstream prices, there is little evidence of statistically significant asymmetries. Furthermore, even where asymmetry is found to be statistically significant, it is generally not economically significant. Lastly, these results generally hold across most euro area countries with few exceptions.

Aidan Meyler

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

68

Potential of vegetable oils as a domestic heating fuel  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The dependence on imported oil for domestic heating has led to the examination of other potential fuel substitutes. One potential fuel is some form of vegetable oil, which could be a yearly-renewable fuel. In Western Canada, canola has become a major oilseed crop; in Eastern Canada, sunflowers increasingly are becoming a source for a similar oil; for this reason, the Canadian Combustion Research Laboratory (CCRL) has chosen these oils for experimentation. Trials have been conducted in a conventional warm air oil furnace, fitted with a flame retention head burner. Performance has been measured with pure vegetable oils as well as a series of blends with conventional No. 2 oil. The effects of increased fuel pressure and fuel preheating are established. Emissions of carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, unburned hydrocarbons and particulates are given for both steady state and cyclic operation. Canola oil cannot be fired in cyclic operation above 50:50 blends with No. 2 oil. At any level above a 10% blend, canola is difficult to burn, even with significant increased pressure and temperature. Sunflower oil is much easier to burn and can be fired as a pure fuel, but with high emissions of incomplete combustion products. An optimum blend of 50:50 sunflower in No. 2 oil yields emissions and performance similar to No. 2 oil. This blend offers potential as a means of reducing demand of imported crude oil for domestic heating systems.

Hayden, A.C.S.; Begin, E.; Palmer, C.E.

1982-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Choline for neutralizing naphthenic acid in fuel and lubricating oils  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A method is described of neutralizing at least a portion of the naphthenic acids present in fuel and lubricating oils which contain naphthenic acids which comprises treating these oils with a neutralizing amount of choline.

Ries, D.G.; Roof, G.L.

1986-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

70

Routine Analysis of Oxygenates and Benzene in Retail Motor Fuel: A Survey by the State of Alabama  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......alternative to Mideast oil dependency; fuel pumps carried the corn insignia and the message, "Buy American." This trend...conventional ASTM method. Approximate values. an existing wet-milling corn facility in Decatur, Alabama is considering an expansion......

Guy Vaughan Johnson

1987-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Table 19. U.S. Refiner Residual Fuel Oil Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Prices," source for backcast estimates prior to January 1983. 19. U.S. Refiner Residual Fuel Oil Prices 36 Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1996...

72

Table 19. U.S. Refiner Residual Fuel Oil Prices  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Prices," source for backcast estimates prior to January 1983. 19. U.S. Refiner Residual Fuel Oil Prices 36 Energy Information Administration Petroleum Marketing Annual 1997...

73

,,"Distillate Fuel Oil(b)",,,"Alternative Energy Sources(c)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Standard Errors for Table 10.9;" " Unit: Percents." ,,"Distillate Fuel Oil(b)",,,"Alternative Energy Sources(c)" ,,,"Coal Coke" "NAICS"," ","Total","...

74

Process for Converting Algal Oil to Alternative Aviation Fuel...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Process for Converting Algal Oil to Alternative Aviation Fuel Los Alamos National Laboratory Contact LANL About This Technology The conversion process uses a Kolbe-based method of...

75

,,"Distillate Fuel Oil",,,"Alternative Energy Sources(b)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

8 Relative Standard Errors for Table 10.8;" " Unit: Percents." ,,"Distillate Fuel Oil",,,"Alternative Energy Sources(b)" ,,,"Coal Coke" "NAICS"," ","Total","...

76

Thermal Effects by Firing Oil Shale Fuel in CFB Boilers  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

It is well known that during firing of oil shale fuel the amount of heat released during its combustion per kg of fuel is significantly affected by the endothermic and exothermic processes taking place in mine...

D. Neshumayev; A. Ots; T. Parve; T Pihu…

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

77

Peak Oil Demand: The Role of Fuel Efficiency and Alternative Fuels in a Global Oil Production Decline  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Peak Oil Demand: The Role of Fuel Efficiency and Alternative Fuels in a Global Oil Production Decline ... (11) Another analysis suggests that a transition to hydrogen- and natural-gas-fueled vehicles—and the associated climate benefits—will partly be driven by dwindling oil supplies. ... Within each class, we do not attempt to predict the exact substitute that will dominate (for example, whether electricity, hydrogen fuel cells, or natural gas will prevail in the passenger car market), but rather model the aggregate contribution of alternatives to conventional oil. ...

Adam R. Brandt; Adam Millard-Ball; Matthew Ganser; Steven M. Gorelick

2013-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

78

Fuel Oil and Kerosene Sales - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Petrolem Reports Petrolem Reports Fuel Oil and Kerosene Sales With Data for 2012 | Release Date: November 15, 2013 | Next Release Date: November 2014 Previous Issues Year: 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1996 1995 Go The Fuel Oil and Kerosene Sales 2012 report provides information, illustrations and State-level statistical data on end-use sales of kerosene; No.1, No. 2, and No. 4 distillate fuel oil; and residual fuel oil. State-level kerosene sales include volumes for residential, commercial, industrial, farm, and all other uses. State-level distillate sales include volumes for residential, commercial, industrial, oil company, railroad, vessel bunkering, military, electric utility, farm, on-highway, off-highway construction, and other uses. State-level residual fuel sales

79

Saving diesel fuel in the oil field  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Describes how diesel electric SCR (silicon controlled rectifier) drilling rigs are helping drillers save fuel expense in the oil fields, along with other energy conservation methods. Compares SCR to conventional drilling rigs. Points out that on conventional rigs, diesel engines drive rig components directly, while on the SCR electric rigs, diesel engines turn a.c. electric generators which supply energy to d.c. electric motors for rig component power. Components of the SCR rigs include drawworks, mud pumps, rotary table, compressors, shakers, blenders and the camp load. Recommends economic principles such as supplying generators large enough to handle the low p.f. (power factor) as well as peak power requirements; and keeping the work load on diesel engines as high as possible for fuel economy. Presents tables of fuel consumed per 100 kW at various load factors; effect of power factor on engine hp required; electric drilling rig power modules; and engine and generator selection guide. Emphasizes consideration of the competitive difference in diesel engine economy.

Elder, B.

1982-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Building Out Alternative Fuel Retail Infrastructure: Government Fleet Spillovers in E85  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

refineries The Alternative Fuel Data Center (AFDC) withinto the Alternative Fuels Data Center at the Department of

Corts, Kenneth S.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retail fuel oil" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Microbial Degradation in Soil Microcosms of Fuel Oil Hydrocarbons from Drilling Cuttings  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Microbial Degradation in Soil Microcosms of Fuel Oil Hydrocarbons from Drilling Cuttings ... Relation between Bioavailability and Fuel Oil Hydrocarbon Composition in Contaminated Soils ...

Claude-Henri. ChaIneau; Jean-Louis. Morel; Jean. Oudot

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Effects of No. 2 Fuel Oil, Nigerian Crude Oil, and Used Crankcase Oil on Attached Algal Communities: Acute and Chronic Toxicity of Water-Soluble Constituents  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...EXTRACTS OF OILS ON ALGAE 677 (Chlorophyta...Exposure to no. 2 fuel oil extract led to domi...products such as no. 2 fuel oil are usually toxic to algae, invertebrates, and...EXTRACTS OF OILS ON ALGAE 681 2 fuel oil extracts decreased...

Thomas L. Bott; Kurt Rogenmuser

1978-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

"Code(a)","End Use","for Electricity(b)","Fuel Oil","Diesel Fuel...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

for Table 5.4;" " Unit: Percents." " "," ",," ","Distillate"," "," " " "," ",,,"Fuel Oil",,,"Coal" "NAICS"," ","Net Demand","Residual","and",,"LPG and","(excluding Coal"...

84

Table 46. Refiner No. 2 Distillate, Diesel Fuel, and Fuel Oil...  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

W 839.2 135.0 1,251.9 See footnotes at end of table. 46. Refiner No. 2 Distillate, Diesel Fuel, and Fuel Oil Volumes by PAD District and State Energy Information Administration...

85

Table 46. Refiner No. 2 Distillate, Diesel Fuel, and Fuel Oil...  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

W 1,039.3 132.9 1,418.3 See footnotes at end of table. 46. Refiner No. 2 Distillate, Diesel Fuel, and Fuel Oil Volumes by PAD District and State Energy Information Administration...

86

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Hydrogen Production and Retail Requirements All hydrogen fuel produced and sold in Michigan must meet state fuel quality requirements. Any retailer offering hydrogen fuel for sale...

87

Consumer Convenience and the Availability of Retail Stations as a Market Barrier for Alternative Fuel Vehicles: Preprint  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Consumer Convenience and the Consumer Convenience and the Availability of Retail Stations as a Market Barrier for Alternative Fuel Vehicles Preprint M. Melaina National Renewable Energy Laboratory J. Bremson University of California Davis K. Solo Lexidyne, LLC Presented at the 31st USAEE/IAEE North American Conference Austin, Texas November 4-7, 2012 Conference Paper NREL/CP-5600-56898 January 2013 NOTICE The submitted manuscript has been offered by an employee of the Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC (Alliance), a contractor of the US Government under Contract No. DE-AC36-08GO28308. Accordingly, the US Government and Alliance retain a nonexclusive royalty-free license to publish or reproduce the published form of this contribution, or allow others to do so, for US Government purposes.

88

A stochastic optimization model for gas retail with temperature scenarios and oil price parameters  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

......seller; the purchase price fixed by the shipper...whereas sell and purchase prices do not change during the...cooking or for cooking and heating, or for commercial activities...consider the influence of oil prices on the energy-related......

F. Maggioni; M. Bertocchi; R. Giacometti; M. T. Vespucci; M. Innorta; E. Allevi

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Recycling used palm oil and used engine oil to produce white bio oil, bio petroleum diesel and heavy fuel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Recycling waste materials produced in our daily life is considered as an additional resource of a wide range of materials and it conserves the environment. Used engine oil and used cooking oil are two oils disposed off in large quantities as a by-product of our daily life. This study aims at providing white bio oil bio petroleum diesel and heavy fuel from the disposed oils. Toxic organic materials suspected to be present in the used engine oil were separated using vacuum column chromatography to reduce the time needed for the separation process and to avoid solvent usage. The compounds separated were detected by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and found to contain toxic aromatic carboxylic acids. Used cooking oils (thermally cracked from usage) were collected and separated by vacuum column chromatography. White bio oil produced was examined by GC-MS. The white bio oil consists of non-toxic hydrocarbons and is found to be a good alternative to white mineral oil which is significantly used in food industry cosmetics and drugs with the risk of containing polycyclic aromatic compounds which are carcinogenic and toxic. Different portions of the used cooking oil and used engine were mixed to produce several blends for use as heavy oil fuels. White bio oil was used to produce bio petroleum diesel by blending it with petroleum diesel and kerosene. The bio petroleum diesel produced passed the PETRONAS flash point and viscosity specification test. The heat of combustion of the two blends of heavy fuel produced was measured and one of the blends was burned to demonstrate its burning ability. Higher heat of combustion was obtained from the blend containing greater proportion of used engine oil. This study has provided a successful recycled alternative for white bio oil bio petroleum fuel and diesel which can be an energy source.

Mustafa Hamid Al-abbas; Wan Aini Wan Ibrahim; Mohd. Marsin Sanagi

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

90

NATCOR -Xpress case study Margaret Oil produces three products: gasoline, jet fuel, and heating oil. The average  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NATCOR - Xpress case study Margaret Oil produces three products: gasoline, jet fuel, and heating oil. The average octane levels must be at least 8.5 for gasoline, 7 for jet fuel, and 4.5 for heating to produce gasoline or jet fuel. Distilled oil can be used to produce all three products. The octane level

Hall, Julian

91

NATCOR -Xpress case study (advanced) Margaret Oil produces three products: gasoline, jet fuel, and heating oil. The average  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

NATCOR - Xpress case study (advanced) Margaret Oil produces three products: gasoline, jet fuel, and heating oil. The average octane levels must be at least 8.5 for gasoline, 7 for jet fuel, and 4. Distilled naphtha can be used only to produce gasoline or jet fuel. Distilled oil can be used to produce

Hall, Julian

92

Behavior of shale oil jet fuels at variable severities  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Catalytic hydroprocessed shale oil jet fuels in the USA were characterized and compared with petroleum jet fuel to demonstrate their possibility as a conventional jet fuel substitute. The shale oils (Geokinetics, Occidental, Paraho and Tosco II) were hydrotreated in a 0.058m ID by 1.52m long reactor containing Ni/MO/Al/sub 2/O/sub 3/ catalyst. The fractionated hydrogenated shale oils at jet fuel ranges (120-300/sup 0/C) were analyzed for composition and physical properties. The increasing hydroprocessing severity proportionally decreased nitrogen, sulfur, olefins, and aromatics, and increased hydrogen content. The nitrogen content even at high severity conditions was considerably higher than that of conventional jet fuel. Sulfur and olefin contents were lower at all severities. The heat of combustion and the physical properties, except the freezing point, were comparable to petroleum jet fuels. The yields of jet fuels increased proportionally to increased severity. The study showed that high severity hydroprocessing gave better performance in processing shale oils to jet fuels.

Mukherjee, N.L.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Verifying a Simplified Fuel Oil Flow Field Measurement Protocol  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Better Buildings program is a U.S. Department of Energy program funding energy efficiency retrofits in buildings nationwide. The program is in need of an inexpensive method for measuring fuel oil consumption that can be used in evaluating the impact that retrofits have in existing properties with oil heat. This project developed and verified a fuel oil flow field measurement protocol that is cost effective and can be performed with little training for use by the Better Buildings program as well as other programs and researchers.

Henderson, H.; Dentz, J.; Doty, C.

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Improving operational efficiency of fuel oil facilities used at gas-and-oil-fired power stations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Results obtained from experimental investigations of energy consumption are described, and ways for considerably reducing it are proposed taking as an example the fuel oil facility at the 2400-MW Lukoml District ...

A. K. Vnukov; F. A. Rozanova; A. A. Bazylenko; V. L. Zhurbilo…

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Effect of severity on catalytic hydroprocessed shale oil jet fuels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Catalytic hydroprocessed shale oil jet fuels in the USA were characterized and compared with petroleum jet fuel to demonstrate their possibility as a conventional jet fuel substitute. The shale oils (Geokinetics, Occidental, Paraho and Tosco II) were hydrotreated in a 0.0508m ID by K1.524m long reactor containing Ni/Mo/Al/sub 2/O/sub 3/ catalyst. The fractionated hydrogenated shale oils at jet fuel ranges (120-300/degree/C) were analyzed for composition and physical properties. The increasing hydroprocessing severity proportionally decreased nitrogen, sulfur, olefins, aromatics and increased hydrogen content. The nitrogen content was considerable higher even at high severity conditions. Sulfur and olefin contents were lower at all severities. The heat of combustion and the physical properties, except the freezing point, were comparable to petroleum jet fuels. The yields of jet fuels increased proportionally to increased severity. The study showed that high severity hydroprocessing gave better performance in processing shale oils to jet fuels.

Mukherjee, N.L.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Alternative Fuel Tax Exemption The retail sale, use, storage, and consumption of alternative fuels is exempt from the state retail sales and use tax. (Reference North Carolina...

97

The future of oil: unconventional fossil fuels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...revolutionizing the energy outlook in...revolutionizing the energy outlook in...estimate what the price of oil will...terminals in the USA to meet projected...and its history is instructive...domestic oil prices that followed...and for the USA as a whole...are used. -Energy return on...geological history, which could...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Availability of heavy fuel oils by sulfur level, September 1981  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A narrative analysis of the status of the United States' total new supply of heavy fuel oils, is given with emphasis on sulfur levels. Tables detail refinery production, stocks, and imports of residual fuel oil and No. 4 fuel oil by sulfur content. All data except stock figures are reported on a monthly and on a year-to-date basis; stock data are reported on an end-of-current-month basis. Units of measure are thousands of barrels. Stocks held, refineries and bulk terminals and refinery production are given by Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) and refinery Districts. Imports are given by PAD District, by country of origin, and by importing State. Waterborne movements from PAD District III to other districts are detailed for the most recent month only. This report was previously published by the Bureau of Mines in the Minerals Industries Surveys Series under the same title. Publication was discontinued with the December 1981 issue. 2 figures, 13 tables.

Wolfrey, J.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Some physiochemical tests of sunflower oil and no. 2 diesel oil as fuels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The suitability of sunflower oil as a fuel for diesel engines was evaluated by determining the physiochemical properties of sunflower oil, No. 2 diesel and blends of both. This evaluation was accomplished by determining the American Petroleum Institute (API) gravity, cetane rating, heat of combustion, kinematic viscosity, pour point, cloud point, and water content of these fuels using methods specified by the American Society of Testing Materials (ASTM) for diesel fuels. These tests for petroleum products are designed to standardize results so comparisons can be made from one laboratory to another.

Ramdeen, P.; Backer, L.F.; Kaufman, K.R.; Kucera, H.L.; Moilanen, C.W.

1982-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

,,,,"Reasons that Made Distillate Fuel Oil Unswitchable"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

fuels is not available due to the potential" "environmental impact of storage tanks." " NFNo applicable RSE rowcolumn factor." " * Estimate less than 0.5." " WWithheld...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retail fuel oil" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

The future of oil: unconventional fossil fuels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...groundwater contamination. Nevertheless, innovative solutions have been found to many of...long project lead times, environmental remediation and the future oil price. Canadian...operations, being cheaper than mining; -innovative technology; -co-generation to reduce...

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

102

Miscible, multi-component, diesel fuels and methods of bio-oil transformation  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Briefly described, embodiments of this disclosure include methods of recovering bio-oil products, fuels, diesel fuels, and the like are disclosed.

Adams, Thomas (Athens, GA); Garcia, Manuel (Quebec, CA); Geller, Dan (Athens, GA); Goodrum, John W. (Athens, GA); Pendergrass, Joshua T. (Jefferson, GA)

2010-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

103

Tennessee: Da Vinci Fuel-in-Oil Reduces Emissions, Wins R&D 100...  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Da Vinci Fuel-in-Oil Reduces Emissions, Wins R&D 100 Award Tennessee: Da Vinci Fuel-in-Oil Reduces Emissions, Wins R&D 100 Award August 19, 2013 - 5:07pm Addthis Developed jointly...

104

An empirical analysis of the price discovery function of Shanghai fuel oil futures market  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper analyzes the role of price discovery of Shanghai fuel oil futures market by using methods, such ... there exists a strong relationship between the spot price of Huangpu fuel oil spot market and the fut...

Zhen Wang; Zhenhai Liu; Chao Chen

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

105

Simulation of Fuel Oil System in Marine Engine Simulator Based on Finite Element Method  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper focuses on the simulation research to fuel oil system. Hydrodynamic analysis to fuel oil system pipelines network is done and the modeling method is using finite element theory. A relative accepted ...

Diyang Li; Yuan Jiang; Boyang Li

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

E-Print Network 3.0 - ammonium nitrate-fuel oil Sample Search...  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

nitrate-fuel oil Search Powered by Explorit Topic List Advanced Search Sample search results for: ammonium nitrate-fuel oil Page: << < 1 2 3 4 5 > >> 1 ORNL 2010-G01068jcn UT-B ID...

107

"Table A10. Total Consumption of LPG, Distillate Fuel Oil, and Residual Fuel"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

0. Total Consumption of LPG, Distillate Fuel Oil, and Residual Fuel" 0. Total Consumption of LPG, Distillate Fuel Oil, and Residual Fuel" " Oil for Selected Purposes by Census Region and Economic Characteristics of the" " Establishment, 1991" " (Estimates in Barrels per Day)" ,,,," Inputs for Heat",,," Primary Consumption" " "," Primary Consumption for all Purposes",,," Power, and Generation of Electricity",,," for Nonfuel Purposes",,,"RSE" ," ------------------------------------",,," ------------------------------------",,," -------------------------------",,,"Row" "Economic Characteristics(a)","LPG","Distillate(b)","Residual","LPG","Distillate(b)","Residual","LPG","Distillate(b)","Residual","Factors"

108

Letter to the editor The bio-fuel debate and fossil energy use in palm oil  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Letter to the editor The bio-fuel debate and fossil energy use in palm oil production: a critique-fuels based on palm oil to re- duce greenhouse gas emissions, due account should be taken of carbon emissions fuel use in palm oil pro- duction, making a number of assumptions that I believe to be incorrect

109

Notes2Providers.doc -1-Notes to Retail Providers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Notes2Providers.doc -1- Notes to Retail Providers February 2003 Power Source Disclosure and guidance on how retail electricity providers can comply with the regulations for retail providers claiming an energy mix or fuel mix different than the California Mix, (Net System Power)i . As a retail provider you

110

?Aceite Vegetal Puro Como Combustible Diesel? (Straight Vegetable Oil as a Diesel Fuel? Spanish Version) (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Discusses the use of straight vegetable oil as a diesel fuel and the use of biodiesel as a transportation fuel.

Not Available

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

New lube oil for stationary heavy fuel engines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An extensively field-tested diesel engine lubricating oil for medium speed, heavy fuel stationary engine applications has been introduced by Caltex Petroleum, in Dallas, Texas. The new oil is similar to a product developed and marketed for marine medium speed heavy fuel propulsion and auxillary engine applications by one of its two parent companies, Chevron. Detailed are results of two field evaluations in Caterpillar 3600 series engines installed at Kimberly Clark (KCPI) and Sime Darby (SDPI), both in the Philippines. Both were one year, 7000-plus hour field evaluations of a new, 40 BN trunk piston engine oil (TPEO), identified as Caltex Delo 3400, SAE 40 engine lube oil. The oil uses the new Phenalate additive technology developed by Chevron Chemical Company`s Oronite Additives Division. This technology is designed to improve engine cleanliness in regard to soft black sludge and piston deposits. The focus of the field evaluations was the performance of the lubricating oil. During controlled tests at Sime Darby, the most noticeable improvement over another technology was in the control of sludge deposits. This improvement was seen in all areas where black sludge forms, such as the rocker cover, crankcase cover and valve assemblies. 4 figs.

NONE

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Refiner options for converting and utilizing heavy fuel oil  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Ongoing advances in established technologies, together with recent commercial applications of residue fluid catalytic cracking (RFCC), automated residue demetallization, solvent deasphalting and gasification of pitch and coke, have markedly enhanced options for processing and economically using residues. Key long-term driving forces for processing strategies are: the need for flexibility to handle heavy, high-metals crude oils, and the economic benefit of being able to convert low-value residues to high-value light transportation fuels, hydrogen and electric power. Narrowing light/heavy crude oil price differentials and relatively low crude oil price levels since the early 1990s until the first quarter of 1996 have slowed the addition of new bottom-of-the-barrel conversion projects over the past two years. At the same time, world crude oil demand has increased at an annual average rate of nearly one million barrels/day (MMbpd) since 1985. Some major producer/refining companies forecast this rate of increase to continue well into the next decade. The inevitable net result will be the increased production of heavier crude oils. The authors project that this will be accompanied by flat or declining markets for heavy fuel oil and a resultant need for additional residue conversion/utilization capacity. The paper discusses technology application and status, economic observations, and technology outlook.

Dickenson, R.L.; Biasca, F.E.; Schulman, B.L.; Johnson, H.E. [SFA Pacific, Inc., Mountain View, CA (United States)

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Total Sales of Residual Fuel Oil  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

End Use: Total Commercial Industrial Oil Company Electric Power Vessel Bunkering Military All Other Period: End Use: Total Commercial Industrial Oil Company Electric Power Vessel Bunkering Military All Other Period: Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: End Use Area 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History U.S. 10,706,479 8,341,552 6,908,028 7,233,765 6,358,120 6,022,115 1984-2012 East Coast (PADD 1) 5,527,235 4,043,975 2,972,575 2,994,245 2,397,932 2,019,294 1984-2012 New England (PADD 1A) 614,965 435,262 281,895 218,926 150,462 101,957 1984-2012 Connecticut 88,053 33,494 31,508 41,686 6,534 5,540 1984-2012 Maine 152,082 110,648 129,181 92,567 83,603 49,235 1984-2012 Massachusetts 300,530 230,057 59,627 52,228 34,862 30,474 1984-2012

114

Availability of heavy fuel oils by sulfur levels, February 1981  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This monthly report includes a narrative analysis of the status of the United States' total new supply of heavy fuel oils, with an emphasis on sulfur levels. Tables detail refinery production, stocks, and imports of residual fuel oil and No. 4 fuel oil by sulfur content. All data except stock figures are reported on a monthly and on a year-to-date basis; stock data are reported on an end-of-current-month basis. Units of measure are thousands of barrels. Stocks held at refineries and bulk terminals and refinery production are given by Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) and Refinery Districts. Imports are given by PAD District, by country or origin, and by importing state. Waterborne movements from PAD District III to other districts are detailed for the most recent month only. The December issue repeats the seven major tables with final data in all categories for the previous calendar year. This report was previously published by the Bureau of Mines in the Minerals Industries Surveys Series under the same title. 2 figs., 13 tabs.

Wolfrey, J.

1981-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

115

Availability of heavy fuel oils by sulfur levels, March 1981  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This monthly report includes a narrative analysis of the status of the United States' total new supply of heavy fuel oils, with an emphasis on sulfur levels. Tables detail refinery production, stocks, and imports of residual fuel oil and No. 4 fuel oil by sulfur content. All data except stock figures are reported on a monthly and on a year-to-date basis; stock data are reported on an end-of-current-month basis. Units of measure are thousands of barrels. Stocks held at refineries and bulk terminals and refinery production are given by Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) and Refinery Districts. Imports are given by PAD District, by country of origin, and by importing state. Waterborne movements from PAD District III to other districts are detailed for the most recent month only. The December issue repeats the seven major tables with final data in all categories for the previous calendar year. This report was previously published by the Bureau of Mines in the Minerals Industries Survey Series under the same title. 2 figs., 13 tabs.

Wolfrey, J.

1981-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

116

Availability of heavy fuel oils by sulfur level, August 1981  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A narrative analysis of the status of the United States' total new supply of heavy fuel oils, is given with emphasis on sulfur levels. Tables detail refinery production, stocks, and imports of residual fuel oil and No. 4 fuel oil by sulfur content. All data except stock figures are reported on a monthly and on a year-to-date basis; stock data are reported on an end-of-current-month basis. Units of measure are thousands of barrels. Stocks held at refineries and bulk terminals and refinery production are given by Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) and Refinery Districts. Imports are given by PAD District, by country of origin, and by importing State. Waterborne movements from PAD District III to other districts are detailed for the most recent month only. This report was previously published by the Bureau of Mines in the Minerals Industries Surveys Series under the same title. Publication was discontinued with the December 1981 issue. 1 figure, 14 tables.

Wolfrey, J.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Availability of heavy fuel oils by sulfur level, October 1981  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A narrative analysis of the status of the United States' total new supply of heavy fuel oils, is given with emphasis on sulfur levels. Tables detail refinery production, stocks, and imports of residual fuel oil and No. 4 fuel oil by sulfur content. All data except stock figures are reported on a monthly and on a year-to-date basis; stock data are reported on an end-of-current-month basis. Units of measure are thousands of barrels. Stocks held at refineries and bulk terminals and refinery production are given by Petroleum Administration for Defense (PAD) and refinery Districts. Imports are given by PAD District, by country of origin, and by importing State. Waterbone movements from PAD District III to other districts are detailed for the most recent month only. This report was previously published by the Bureau of Mines in the Minerals Industries Surveys Series under the same title. Publication was discontinued with the December 1981 issue. 1 figure, 14 tables.

Wolfrey, J.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Lube oil for medium-speed, heavy-fuel engines  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

A new generation of trunk-piston engine lube oils has been introduced by Chevron International Marine Lubricants for medium-speed, heavy-fuel, four-stroke engines. The new Chevron Delo 1000, 2000, 3000, and 3400 marine lubricants are specially designed for the demands of medium-speed diesel engines in today`s marine and stationary power markets. The new lube oil has been formulated to provide high levels of engine cleanliness, with low levels of wear. Testing by Chevron engineers shows that the new oils prevent the buildup of black sludge, a sticky, viscous deposit that can accumulate on the surfaces of medium-speed engines that run on heavy residual fuel. The performance of the new lube oils has been thoroughly evaluated by Chevron in a number of ongoing field tests. Results from 5000 hour teardown of a 6600 kW, model 6 MaK 601C engine in the cargo ship MV Germania serve as a good example of the field testing. 3 figs.

NONE

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Tennessee: Da Vinci Fuel-in-Oil Reduces Emissions, Wins R&D 100 Award  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

Developed jointly by Da Vinci Emissions Services Ltd., Cummins Inc., and Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), the Da Vinci Fuel-in-Oil (DAFIO™) technology uses a fiber optic probe to obtain real-time measurements of oil in an operating engine to quantify the fuel dissolved in the lubricant oil.

120

RECONCILIATION OF RETAILER CLAIMS, COMMISSIONREPORT  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to a system operator to also report generation (in kWh), generator technology, and fuel type consumed (as a percentage of generation) on a quarterly basis. System operators must then make the generation and fuel Commission) to prepare an annual report comparing the source of power retailers have disclosed

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retail fuel oil" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

"Characteristic(a)","Electricity","Fuel Oil","Fuel Oil(b)","Natural...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5 Relative Standard Errors for Table 7.5;" " Unit: Percents." " ",," "," ",," "," " "Economic",,"Residual","Distillate",,"LPG and" "Characteristic(a)","Electricity","Fuel...

122

Impacts of the Weatherization Assistance Program in fuel-oil heated houses  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The U.S. DOE Weatherization Assistance Program (WAP) Division requested Oak Ridge National Laboratory to help design and conduct an up-to-date assessment of the Program. The evaluation includes five separate studies; the fuel oil study is the subject of this paper. The primary goal of the fuel-oil study was to provide a region-wide estimate of the space-heating fuel oil saved by the Program in the Northeast during the 1991 and 1992 program years. Other goals include assessing the cost effectiveness of the Program within the fuel-oil submarket, and identifying factors which caused fuel-oil savings to vary. This paper reports only the highlights from the fuel-oil study`s final report.

Levins, W.P.; Ternes, M.P.

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Crude oil and finished fuel storage stability: an annotated review  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The Bartlesville Energy Technology Center (BETC) of the Deopartment of Energy (DOE) and the US Army Fuels and Lubricants Research laboratory (AFLRL) at Southwest Research Institute (SwRI) have been working together on a support effort for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve Office (SPRO) of DOE. One task within this effort was a detailed literature survey of previous experiences in long-term storage of crude oil and finished fuels with an emphasis on underground storage. Based on the discussion presented in this review, in the limited number of cases reported, the refinability of crude oil was not significantly affected by prolonged storage. It was found that most crudes will deposit a sludge during storage which may interfere with withdrawal pumping. This sludge is probably composed of wax, sediment, water, and possibly asphaltenes. Emulsions of the water-oil interface have been reported after prolonged storage which have been attributed to action of centrifugal pumps used to remove accumulated seepage water. It is possible that these emulsions resulted from biological activity, such as the anaerobic activity reported, but no hydrogen sulfide production was observed.

Brinkman, D.W.; Bowden, J.N.; Giles, H.N.

1980-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

NMR Sensor for Onboard Ship Detection of Catalytic Fines in Marine Fuel Oils  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

NMR Sensor for Onboard Ship Detection of Catalytic Fines in Marine Fuel Oils ... Vermeire, M. B. Everything You Need to Know About Marine Fuels; Chevron Global Marine Products: Ghent, Belgium, 2007. ...

Morten K. Sørensen; Mads S. Vinding; Oleg N. Bakharev; Tomas Nesgaard; Ole Jensen; Niels Chr. Nielsen

2014-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

125

Engine deposit and pour point studies using canola oil as a diesel fuel  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Engine tests conducted during previous investigations have established the viability of using canola oil as a substitute for diesel fuel on a short term basis, but also revealed the need to assess possible combustion chamber deposits from long range testing. Low temperature problems in handling vegetable oils has also been recognized as posing a threat to their use in winter operation. This paper reports a procedure involving a direct comparison of running two different fuels in an engine simultaneously to study deposit problems, and also reports on three attempted methods - fuel blending, fuel heating and fuel additives to reduce the pour point of canola oil. 3 figures, 1 table.

Strayer, R.C.; Craig, W.K.; Zoerb, G.C.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Distillate Fuel Oil Assessment for Winter 1996-1997  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

following Energy Information Administration sources: Weekly following Energy Information Administration sources: Weekly Petroleum Status Report, DOE/EIA-0208(96-39); Petroleum Supply Monthly, September 1996, DOE/EIA-0109(96/09); Petroleum Supply Annual 1995, DOE/EIA-0340(95); Petroleum Marketing Monthly, September 1996, DOE/EIA-0380(96/09); Short-Term Energy Outlook, DOE/EIA-0202(96/4Q) and 4th Quarter 1996 Short-Term Integrated Forecasting System; and an address by EIA Administrator Jay E. Hakes on the Fall 1996 Heating Fuel Assessment before the National Association of State Energy Officials, September 16, 1996. Table FE1. Distillate Fuel Oil Demand and Supply Factors, Winter (October - March) 1993-94 Through 1996-97 History STEO Mid Case Factor Winter Winter Winter Winter 1993-94

127

New Zealand Energy Data: Oil Consumption by Fuel and Sector | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Oil Consumption by Fuel and Sector Oil Consumption by Fuel and Sector Dataset Summary Description The New Zealand Ministry of Economic Development publishes energy data including many datasets related to oil and other petroleum products. Included here are two oil consumption datasets: quarterly petrol consumption by sector (agriculture, forestry and fishing; industrial; commercial; residential; transport industry; and international transport), from 1974 to 2010; and oil consumption by fuel type (petrol, diesel, fuel oil, aviation fuels, LPG, and other), also for the years 1974 through 2010. The full 2010 Energy Data File is available: http://www.med.govt.nz/upload/73585/EDF%202010.pdf. Source New Zealand Ministry of Economic Development Date Released Unknown Date Updated July 02nd, 2010 (4 years ago)

128

Laser-induced fluorescence fiber optic probe measurement of oil dilution by fuel  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

Apparatus for detecting fuel in oil includes an excitation light source in optical communication with an oil sample for exposing the oil sample to excitation light in order to excite the oil sample from a non-excited state to an excited state and a spectrally selective device in optical communication with the oil sample for detecting light emitted from the oil sample as the oil sample returns from the excited state to a non-excited state to produce spectral indicia that can be analyzed to determine the presence of fuel in the oil sample. A method of detecting fuel in oil includes the steps of exposing a oil sample to excitation light in order to excite the oil sample from a non-excited state to an excited state, as the oil sample returns from the excited state to a non-excited state, detecting light emitted from the oil sample to produce spectral indicia; and analyzing the spectral indicia to determine the presence of fuel in the oil sample.

Parks, II, James E [Knoxville, TN; Partridge, Jr., William P [Oak Ridge, TN

2010-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

129

RECS Fuel Oil Usage Form_v1 (Draft).xps  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

fuel oil usage for this delivery address between fuel oil usage for this delivery address between September 2008 and April 2010. Delivery Number Enter the Delivery Date for each delivery 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Enter the Total Dollar Amount including taxes [Exclude late fees, merchandise, repairs, and service charges] 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Form EIA 457G OMB No. 1905-0092 Expires 1/31/13 2009 RECS Fuel Oil and Kerosene Usage Form Delivery Address: Account Number: $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / Enter the Amount Delivered in Gallons XXXX Type of Fuel Sold was: 1=Fuel Oil #1 2=Fuel Oil #2 3=Kerosene 4=Other Enter the Price per Gallon $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ XXX.XX $ X.XX (select one) 1 2 3 4 MM/DD/YY Page 1 of 2 U.S. Energy Information Administration Independent Statistics & Analysis

130

Makeup of UK petrol retail price: a case of income and environmentalism and implication for China's taxation revenue and control of PM2.5 pollutants  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

UK petrol retail prices have been changing owing to different reasons, including changes in any of the four major components - fuel duty, the product (in connection with crude oil prices), VAT and the retailers' or delivery profit and the weaker pound sterling. However, this does not change the fact that the taxes on fuels, including fuel duties and the VATs account for over 50% of the retail price, one of the highest in the EU, which are not only one of the major sources of government revenue but also helps to protect the environment by discouraging drivers from using their cars. Therefore, it may also have a strong implication for the Chinese government, especially in its efforts to tackle traffic congestions, streamline the toll way charge systems and to control the PM2.5 pollutants while still struggling to stabilise its revenue from taxes/fuel duties.

Hui Ding; Ling Zhao

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Heavy Fuel Oil Prices for Electricity Generation - EIA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Heavy Fuel Oil Prices for Electricity Generation for Selected Countries1 Heavy Fuel Oil Prices for Electricity Generation for Selected Countries1 U.S. Dollars per Metric Ton2 Country 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Argentina NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Australia NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Austria 83.0 96.4 146.4 153.3 182.2 226.1 220.3 342.3 248.3 Barbados NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Belgium 155.1 160.4 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Bolivia NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Brazil NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Canada 115.7 117.8 180.4 141.5 198.4 222.4 NA NA NA Chile NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA China NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Chinese Taipei (Taiwan) NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Colombia NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA NA Cuba NA NA NA 183.4 NA NA NA NA NA

132

,"U.S. Sales to End Users Refiner Residual Fuel Oil and No. 4 Fuel Sales Volumes"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Residual Fuel Oil and No. 4 Fuel Sales Volumes" Residual Fuel Oil and No. 4 Fuel Sales Volumes" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Sales to End Users Refiner Residual Fuel Oil and No. 4 Fuel Sales Volumes",4,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1983" ,"Release Date:","12/2/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/2/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_cons_refres_d_nus_vtr_mgalpd_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_cons_refres_d_nus_vtr_mgalpd_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration"

133

,"U.S. Sales for Resale Refiner Residual Fuel Oil and No. 4 Fuel Sales Volumes"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Residual Fuel Oil and No. 4 Fuel Sales Volumes" Residual Fuel Oil and No. 4 Fuel Sales Volumes" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Sales for Resale Refiner Residual Fuel Oil and No. 4 Fuel Sales Volumes",4,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1983" ,"Release Date:","12/2/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/2/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_cons_refres_d_nus_vwr_mgalpd_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_cons_refres_d_nus_vwr_mgalpd_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration"

134

Oil or Hazardous Spills Releases Law (Georgia) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Oil or Hazardous Spills Releases Law (Georgia) Oil or Hazardous Spills Releases Law (Georgia) Oil or Hazardous Spills Releases Law (Georgia) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Developer Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Program Info State Georgia Program Type Environmental Regulations Safety and Operational Guidelines Provider Georgia Department of Natural Resources The Oil or Hazardous Spills Law requires notice to the Environmental

135

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Methodology For Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Pump Components Methodology For Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Pump Components The components for the gasoline and diesel fuel pumps are calculated in the following manner in cents per gallon and then converted into a percentage: Crude Oil - the monthly average of the composite refiner acquisition cost, which is the average price of crude oil purchased by refiners. Refining Costs & Profits - the difference between the monthly average of the spot price of gasoline or diesel fuel (used as a proxy for the value of gasoline or diesel fuel as it exits the refinery) and the average price of crude oil purchased by refiners (the crude oil component). Distribution & Marketing Costs & Profits - the difference between the average retail price of gasoline or diesel fuel as computed from EIA's

136

A Traceability Service to Facilitate RFID Adoption in the Retail Supply Chain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Traceability Service to Facilitate RFID Adoption in the Retail Supply Chain Gabriel Hermosillo concerns in the retail supply chain. We propose a service named TRASER (TRAceability SErvice for the Retail,7], construction and maintenance of oil facilities [8], retail and supply chain management [9,10,11] and anti

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

137

,,,,"Reasons that Made Residual Fuel Oil Unswitchable"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5 Relative Standard Errors for Table 10.25;" 5 Relative Standard Errors for Table 10.25;" " Unit: Percents." ,,,,"Reasons that Made Residual Fuel Oil Unswitchable" " "," ",,,,,,,,,,,,," " ,,"Total Amount of ","Total Amount of","Equipment is Not","Switching","Unavailable ",,"Long-Term","Unavailable",,"Combinations of " "NAICS"," ","Residual Fuel Oil ","Unswitchable Residual","Capable of Using","Adversely Affects ","Alternative","Environmental","Contract ","Storage for ","Another","Columns F, G, " "Code(a)","Subsector and Industry","Consumed as a Fuel","Fuel Oil Fuel Use","Another Fuel","the Products","Fuel Supply","Restrictions(b)","in Place(c)","Alternative Fuels(d)","Reason","H, I, J, and K","Don't Know"

138

Concentration measurements of biodiesel in engine oil and in diesel fuel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This work comprised a method for concentration measurements of biodiesel in engine oil as well as biodiesel in diesel fuel by a measurement of the permittivity of the mixture at a frequency range from 100 Hz to 20 kHz. For this purpose a special designed measurement cell with high sensitivity was designed. The results for the concentration measurements of biodiesel in the engine oil and diesel fuel shows linearity to the measurement cell signal for the concentration of biodiesel in the engine oil between 0.5% Vol. to 10% Vol. and for biodiesel in the diesel fuel between 0% Vol. to 100% Vol. The method to measure the concentration of biodiesel in the engine oil or the concentration of biodiesel in the diesel fuel is very accurate and low concentration of about 0.5% Vol. biodiesel in engine oil or in diesel fuel can be measured with high accuracy.

A Mäder; M Eskiner; C Burger; W Ruck; M Rossner; J Krahl

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

139

Effects of no. 2 fuel oil on hatchability of marine and estuarine bird eggs  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Eggs of Louisiana herons, sandwich terns, and laughing gulls were oiled with either 0, 5, or 20 ?l of No. 2 fuel oil in the field and in the laboratory. After 5 days of natural incubation, field-oiled and cont...

Donald H. White; Kirke A. King…

140

Diesel vehicle performance on unaltered waste soybean oil blended with petroleum fuels  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Interest in using unaltered vegetable oil as a fuel in diesel engines has experienced an increase due to uncertainty in the crude oil market supply and the detrimental effects petroleum fuels have on the environment. Unaltered vegetable oil blended with petroleum fuels is less expensive, uses less energy to produce and is more environmentally friendly compared to petroleum diesel or biodiesel. Here we investigate the engine performance of unaltered waste soybean oil blended with petroleum diesel and kerosene for three vehicles. Five biofuel blends ranging from 15% to 50% oil by volume were tested on a 2006 Jeep Liberty CRD, a 1999 Mercedes E300 and a 1984 Mercedes 300TD. A DynoJet 224x chassis dynamometer was used to test vehicle engine performance for horsepower and torque through a range of RPMs. Results for the Jeep showed a modest decrease in horsepower and torque compared to petroleum diesel ranging from 0.9% for the 15% oil blend to 5.0% lower for the 50% oil blend. However, a 30% oil blend showed statistically better performance (P < 0.05) compared to petroleum diesel. For the 1999 Mercedes, horsepower performance was 1.1% lower for the 15% oil blend to 6.4% lower for the 50% oil blend. Engine performance for a 30% blend was statistically the same (P < 0.05) compare to diesel. Finally, horsepower performance was 1.1% lower for the 15% oil blend to 4.7% lower for the 50% oil blend for the 1984 Mercedes. Overall, the performance on these oil blended fuels was excellent and, on average 1.1% lower than petroleum diesel for blends containing 40% or lower waste soybean oil content. The more significant decrease in power between the 40% and 50% oil blends indicates that oil content in these blended fuels should be no more than 40%.

Eugene P. Wagner; Patrick D. Lambert; Todd M. Moyle; Maura A. Koehle

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retail fuel oil" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Alternative Fuels Labeling Requirement Retailers must display ratings on fueling pumps that are consistent with the percentage by volume of the alternative fuel being dispensed....

142

,"U.S. Total Sales of Residual Fuel Oil by End Use"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Residual Fuel Oil by End Use" Residual Fuel Oil by End Use" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Total Sales of Residual Fuel Oil by End Use",8,"Annual",2012,"6/30/1984" ,"Release Date:","11/15/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","10/31/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_cons_821rsd_dcu_nus_a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_cons_821rsd_dcu_nus_a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov"

143

,"U.S. Adjusted Sales of Residual Fuel Oil by End Use"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Residual Fuel Oil by End Use" Residual Fuel Oil by End Use" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Adjusted Sales of Residual Fuel Oil by End Use",8,"Annual",2012,"6/30/1984" ,"Release Date:","11/15/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","10/31/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_cons_821rsda_dcu_nus_a.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_cons_821rsda_dcu_nus_a.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov"

144

Chemical fate of Bunker C fuel oil in a subtropical marine environment  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

On August 10, 1993, a major oil spill occurred when approximately 1.2 million liters of Bunker C (No. 6) fuel oil spilled from the fuel tanker Bouchard 155 after it collided with the phosphate freighter Balsa 37 in a shipping channel at the entrance to Tampa Bay, Florida. Although early hydrodynamic conditions with ebbing tides caused most of the oil to be carried several kilometers out of Tampa Bay and into the Gulf of Mexico, subsequent onshore winds and spring tides caused significant quantities of the oil to be deposited on nearby beaches and in mangrove, seagrass and estuarine habitats north of the mouth of Tampa Bay.

Wetzel, D.L.; Van Vleet, E.S. [Univ. of South Florida, St. Petersburg, FL (United States)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

145

CANNED FISH RETAIL PRICES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CANNED FISH RETAIL PRICES NOVEMBER 1958 UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR FISH AND WILDLIFE retail prices for selected canned fish items. The retail prices as contained herein for several types, 500 or over, and prices were obtained by personal visits of agents to the retail stores

146

CANNED FISH RETAIL .PRICES,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CANNED FISH RETAIL .PRICES, OC1rOIBrE~ UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INT...n.~""n FISH retail prices for selected canned fish items. The retail prices as contained herein for several types, 500 or over, and prices were obtained by personal visits of agents to the retail stores

147

CANNED FISH RETAIL PRICES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CANNED FISH RETAIL PRICES UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE BUREAU, Fred A. Seaton, Secretary Fish and Wildlife Servic e, Arnie J. Suomela, Commissioner CANNED FISH RETAIL with the Bureau of Labor Statistics to obtain a v e rage retail prices for selected canned fish items. The retail

148

Testing Waste Olive Oil Methyl Ester as a Fuel in a Diesel Engine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this sense, to gain knowledge about the implications of its use, waste olive oil methyl ester was evaluated as a fuel for diesel engines during a 50-h short-term performance test in a diesel direct-injection Perkins engine. ... At the beginning of the last century, Rudolph Diesel fueled a diesel engine with the oil of an African groundnut (peanut), thus demonstrating the idea of using vegetable oil as a substitute for No. 2 diesel fuel. ... In this way, we obtained a volume value for each trio of working values, making a brake-specific fuel consumption comparison between different tests or fuels possible, as shown in Table 2, where Vi is the volume value for each test and V50 corresponds to that of No. 2 diesel fuel after 50 h (the test that showed the minimum value). ...

M. P. Dorado; E. Ballesteros; J. M. Arnal; J. Gómez; F. J. López Giménez

2003-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

149

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Learn more... Learn more... Price trends and regional differences What causes fluctuations in motor gasoline prices? Retail gasoline prices are mainly affected by crude oil prices and the level of gasoline supply relative to demand. Strong and increasing demand for gasoline and other petroleum products in the United States and the rest of the world at times places intense pressure on available supplies. Even when crude oil prices are stable... read more in Gasoline Explained What causes fluctuations in diesel fuel oil prices? The retail price of a gallon of diesel fuel reflects the underlying costs and profits (or losses) of producing and delivering the product to customers. The price of diesel at the pump reflects the costs and profits of the entire production and distribution chain, including... read more in

150

Feasibility study of utilization of degummed soybean oil as a substitute for diesel fuel. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this project was to determine the economic and technological feasibility of producing a diesel oil substitute or extender from soybean oil. Existing technology was reviewed, to determine the minimum modification necessary for production of an acceptable fuel product. Current methods of oil extraction and refining were considered, as well as the products of those processes. The information developed indicated that the degummed soybean oil produced by existing processing plants is theoretically suitable for use as a diesel fuel extender. No modification of process design or equipment is required. This situation is very favorable to early commercialization of degummed soybean oil as a diesel fuel extender during the 1980's. Moreover, a large energy gain is realized when the soybean oil is utilized as fuel. Its heat of combustion is reported as 16,920 Btu per pound, or 130,000 Btu per gallon. Production of soybean oil consumes between 3000 and 5000 Btu per pound or 23,000 and 39,000 Btu per gallon. A resource availability study disclosed that the southeastern region of the United States produces approximately 260 million bushels of soybeans per year. In the same general area, fourteen extraction plants are operating, with a combined annual capacity of approximately 200 million bushels. Thus, regional production is sufficient to support the extraction capacity. Using an average figure of 1.5 gallons of oil per bushel of soybeans gives annual regional oil production of approximately 300 million gallons.

Not Available

1981-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

VARIABLE FIRING RATE OIL BURNER USING PULSE FUEL FLOW CONTROL.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The residential oil burner market is currently dominated by the pressure-atomized retention head burner, which has an excellent reputation for reliability and efficiency. In this burner, oil is delivered to a fuel nozzle at pressures from 100 to 150 psi. In addition, to atomizing the fuel, the small, carefully controlled size of the nozzle exit orifice serves to control the burner firing rate. Burners of this type are currently available at firing rates of more than 0.5 gallons-per-hour (70,000 Btu/hr). Nozzles have been made for lower firing rates, but experience has shown that such nozzles suffer rapid fouling of the necessarily small passages, leading to bad spray patterns and poor combustion performance. Also, traditionally burners and the nozzles are oversized to exceed the maximum demand. Typically, this is figured as follows. The heating load of the house on the coldest day for the location is considered to define the maximum heat load. The contractor or installer adds to this to provide a safety margin and for future expansion of the house. If the unit is a boiler that provides domestic hot water through the use of a tankless heating coil, the burner capacity is further increased. On the contrary, for a majority of the time, the heating system is satisfying a much smaller load, as only rarely do all these demands add up. Consequently, the average output of the heating system has to be much less than the design capacity and this is accomplished by start and stop cycling operation of the system so that the time-averaged output equals the demand. However, this has been demonstrated to lead to overall efficiencies lower than the steady-state efficiency. Therefore, the two main reasons for the current practice of using oil burners much larger than necessary for space heating are the unavailability of reliable low firing rate oil burners and the desire to assure adequate input rate for short duration, high draw domestic hot water loads. One approach to solve this problem is to develop a burner, which can operate at two firing rates, with the lower rate being significantly lower than 0.5 gallons per hour. This paper describes the initial results of adopting this approach through a pulsed flow nozzle. It has been shown that the concept of flow modulation with a small solenoid valve is feasible. Especially in the second configuration tested, where the Lee valve was integrated with the nozzle, reasonable modulation in flow of the order of 1.7 could be achieved. For this first prototype, the combustion performance is still not quite satisfactory. Improvements in operation, for example by providing a sharp and positive shut-off so that there is no flow under low pressures with consequent poor atomization could lead to better combustion performance. This could be achieved by using nozzles that have shut off or check valves for example. It is recommended that more work in cooperation with the valve manufacturer could produce a technically viable system. Marketability is of course a far more complex problem to be addressed once a technically viable product is available.

KRISHNA,C.R.; BUTCHER,T.A.; KAMATH,B.R.

2004-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

Secure Fuels from Domestic Resources- Oil Shale and Tar Sands  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Profiles of Companies Engaged in Domestic Oil Shale and Tar Sands Resource and Technology Development

153

Reconciliation of Retailer Claims, 2005 CommissionReport  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

operator to also report generation (in kilowatt-hours), generator technology, and fuel type consumed (as Commission (Energy Commission) to prepare an annual report comparing the sources power retailers have used to provide electric services." All retail providers of electricity must disclose fuel source

154

RECS Fuel Oil Usage Form_v1 (Draft).xps  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

fuel oil usage for this delivery address between September 2008 and April 2010. Delivery Number Enter the Delivery Date for each delivery 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Enter the Total...

155

Characterization by photoacoustic spectroscopy of the photosynthetic Scenedesmus armatus system affected by fuel oil contamination  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The effect of aqueous fuel oil extract (AFOE)1 on the photosynthetic system in green algae Scenedesmus armatus...cultures was examined by photoacoustic spectroscopy. After a 24-h culture growth, the photosyntheti...

J. Szurkowski; Z. Tukaj

1995-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Table 42. Residual Fuel Oil Prices by PAD District and State  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

55.1 47.1 W W 55.1 46.2 See footnotes at end of table. 42. Residual Fuel Oil Prices by PAD District and State Energy Information Administration Petroleum...

157

,"U.S. Total Adjusted Distillate Fuel Oil and Kerosene Sales...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

"KD0VABNUS1","KPRVABNUS1" "Date","U.S. Total Distillate Adj SalesDeliveries to Vessel Bunker Consumers (Thousand Gallons)","U.S. Residual Fuel Oil Adj SalesDeliveries to Vessel...

158

Toxicity of Fuel Oil Water Accommodated Fractions on Two Marine Microalgae, Skeletonema costatum and Chlorela spp  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this paper, the acute toxicity of four fuel oils including F120, F180, F380 and No.-20 was evaluated by exposing the marine microalgae Chlorela spp. (Chlorophyta) and Skeletonema costatum (Bacillariophyta) in ...

Min Chao; Xinqiang Shen; Fengxia Lun…

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Operating temperature effects on nozzle coking in a cottonseed oil fueled diesel engine  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

OPERATING TEMPERATURE EFFECTS ON NOZZLE COKING IN A COTTONSEED OIL FUELED DIESEL ENGINE A Thesis CHARLES MICHAEL YARBROUGH Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree cf... MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1984 Major Subject: Agricultural Engineering OPERATING TEMPERATURE EFFECTS ON NOZZLE CORING IN A COTTONSEED OIL FUELED DIESEL ENGINE A Thesis by CHARLES MICHAEL YARBROUGH Approved as to style and content by: ayne A. Le...

Yarbrough, Charles Michael

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

160

Evaluation of soy based heavy fuel oil emulsifiers for energy efficiency and environmental improvement  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It is known that the emulsification of water into heavy fuel oil (No. 6) can result in improved atomization of the fuel in a combustion chamber, which results in several benefits. In this study, two soybean lecithin based emulsifiers were evaluated. The emulsifiers were added to the No. 6 fuel at 0.5% and 1 % levels and emulsions of 10% and 15% water were prepared and burned in a pilot scale combustion chamber. The results showed a significant decrease in NO{sub x} emissions, and a reduction in carbon particulates, as well as a decrease in the excess oxygen requirement when the emulsions were burned when compared to fuel oil alone and a fuel oil/water mixture without the emulsifier. It was concluded that the use of a soybean lecithin based emulsifier may be used to increase the burning efficiency of heavy fuel oils, reduce emissions and particulates, and reduce down time for cleaning. This can be very important in utility plants which burn large volumes of heavy fuel oil and are located near urban areas.

Lee, P.K.; Szuhaj, B.F. [Central Soya Company, Inc., Fort Wayne, IN (United States); Diego, A. [Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, Cuernavaca (Mexico)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retail fuel oil" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Retail Motor Gasoline Prices*  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 6 Notes: Gasoline pump prices have backed down from the high prices experienced last summer and fall. The retail price for regular motor gasoline fell 11 cents per gallon from September to December. However, with crude oil prices rebounding somewhat from their December lows combined with lower than normal stock levels, we project that prices at the pump will rise modestly as the 2001 driving season begins this spring. For the summer of 2001, we expect only a little difference from the average price of $1.50 per gallon seen during the previous driving season, as motor gasoline stocks going into the driving season are projected to be slightly less than they were last year. The situation of relatively low inventories for gasoline could set the stage for some regional imbalances in supply that could once again

162

Fuel switch could bring big savings for HECO Liquefied natural gas beats low-sulfur oil in cost and equipment  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Fuel switch could bring big savings for HECO Liquefied natural gas beats low-sulfur oil in cost gas instead of continuing to burn low-sulfur fuel oil, a report said. Switching to liquefied natural who switch from gasoline-powered vehicles to ones fueled by compressed natural gas could save as much

163

Effects of Switching to Lower Sulfur Marine Fuel Oil on Air Quality in the San Francisco Bay Area  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Effects of Switching to Lower Sulfur Marine Fuel Oil on Air Quality in the San Francisco Bay Area ... Beginning in July 2009, an emission control area was put into effect at ports and along the California coastline, requiring use of lower sulfur fuels in place of heavy fuel oil in main engines of ships. ...

Ling Tao; David Fairley; Michael J. Kleeman; Robert A. Harley

2013-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

164

Chemical-Looping Combustion with Fuel Oil in a 10 kW Pilot Plant  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Chemical-Looping Combustion with Fuel Oil in a 10 kW Pilot Plant ... The unit is based on interconnected fluidized beds and is similar to the design originally presented by Lyngfelt et al.(12) In the riser section there is a fast-fluidized regime, whereas in the loop-seals and the fuel reactor there is a bubbling regime. ... Energy Combust. ...

Patrick Moldenhauer; Magnus Rydén; Tobias Mattisson; Ali Hoteit; Aqil Jamal; Anders Lyngfelt

2014-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

165

Thermo economic evaluation of oxy fuel combustion cycle in Kazeroon power plant considering enhanced oil recovery revenues  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Oxy fuel combustion and conventional cycle (currently working cycle ... for enhanced oil recovery in the various oil price indices is conducted and indices net present ... models reveal that gross efficiency of t...

Ehsan Torabnejad; Ramin Haghighi-Khoshkhoo…

2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

166

Oil and Fuel Spills EHS Contact: Lysa Holland (ljh17@psu.edu) 814-865-6391  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Oil and Fuel Spills EHS Contact: Lysa Holland (ljh17@psu.edu) 814-865-6391 Procedures implemented. Other spills/releases of oil containing materials must be reported if they exceed 1 quart

Maroncelli, Mark

167

Regional Retail Gasoline Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

7 7 Notes: Retail gasoline prices, like those for distillate fuels, have hit record prices nationally and in several regions this year. The national average regular gasoline price peaked at $1.68 per gallon in mid-June, but quickly declined, and now stands at $1.45, 17 cents higher than a year ago. Two regions, in particular, experienced sharp gasoline price runups this year. California, which often has some of the highest prices in the nation, saw prices peak near $1.85 in mid-September, while the Midwest had average prices over $1.87 in mid-June. Local prices at some stations in both areas hit levels well over $2.00 per gallon. The reasons for the regional price runups differed significantly. In the Midwest, the introduction of Phase 2 RFG was hampered by low stocks,

168

CANNED FISH .RETAIL PRICES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CANNED FISH .RETAIL PRICES MA.Y 1959 UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR FISH AND WILDLIFE, Commissioner CANNED FISH RETAIL PRICES MAY 1959 Prepared in the Bureau of Commercial Fisheries Branch of Market a population of 30, 500 or over, and pric s w r obtain d by P rson 1 visit of ag nts to th retail stores in th

169

CANNED FISH RETAIL PRICES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CANNED FISH RETAIL PRICES JUNE ll959 UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR FISH AND WILDUFE, Commissioner CANNED FISH RETAIL PRICES JUNE 1959 Prepared in the Bureau of Commercial Fisheries Branch Fisheries has contracted with the Bureau of Labo r Statistics to obtain average retail prices for selected

170

CANNED FISH RETAIL PRICES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CANNED FISH RETAIL PRICES MARCH 1959 UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR FISH AND WILDLIFE, Commissioner CANNED FISH RETAIL PRICES MARCH 1959 Prepared in the Bureau of Commercial Fisheries Branch canned fish items. The retail prices as contain d h rein for s veral types of canned tuna, canned salmon

171

CANNED FISH RETAIL PRIUES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CANNED FISH RETAIL PRIUES FEBRUARY Jl959 UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR FISH AND WILDLIFE, Commissioner CANNED FISH RETAIL PRICES FEBRUARY 1959 Prepared in the Bureau of Commercial Fisheries Branch of Commercial Fisheries has contracted with the Bureau of Labor Statistics to obtain average retail prices

172

CANNED FISH RETAIL PRICES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CANNED FISH RETAIL PRICES DECEMBER 1958 UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR FISH AND WILDLIFE, Commissioner CANNED FISH RETAIL PRICES DECEMBER 1958 Prepared in the Bureau of Commercial Fisheries Branch Fisheries has contra cted with the Bureau of Labor Statistics to obtain av rag retail pric s for se lected

173

CANNED FISH RETAIL PRICES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CANNED FISH RETAIL PRICES JA.NUARY 11959 UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR FISH AND WILDLIFE, Commissioner CANNED FISH RETAIL PRICES JANUARY 195 9 Prepared in the Bureau of Commercial Fisheries Branch Fisheries has contracted with the Bureau of Labor Statistics to obtain average retail prices for se lected

174

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

blend being sold. The labeling must follow established labeling specifications for petroleum-based fuels. An alternative fuel producer may provide the retailer with a label...

175

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Ethanol Blend Dispenser Requirement A retail motor fuel dispenser that dispenses fuel containing more than 10% ethanol by volume must be labeled with the capital letter "E"...

176

Estimating household fuel oil/kerosine, natural gas, and LPG prices by census region  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The purpose of this research is to estimate individual fuel prices within the residential sector. The data from four US Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration, residential energy consumption surveys were used to estimate the models. For a number of important fuel types - fuel oil, natural gas, and liquefied petroleum gas - the estimation presents a problem because these fuels are not used by all households. Estimates obtained by using only data in which observed fuel prices are present would be biased. A correction for this self-selection bias is needed for estimating prices of these fuels. A literature search identified no past studies on application of the selectivity model for estimating prices of residential fuel oil/kerosine, natural gas, and liquefied petroleum gas. This report describes selectivity models that utilize the Dubin/McFadden correction method for estimating prices of residential fuel oil/kerosine, natural gas, and liquefied petroleum gas in the Northeast, Midwest, South, and West census regions. Statistically significant explanatory variables are identified and discussed in each of the models. This new application of the selectivity model should be of interest to energy policy makers, researchers, and academicians.

Poyer, D.A.; Teotia, A.P.S.

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Table 4b. Relative Standard Errors for Total Fuel Oil Consumption per  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4b. Relative Standard Errors for Total Fuel Oil Consumption per 4b. Relative Standard Errors for Total Fuel Oil Consumption per Effective Occupied Square Foot, 1992 Building Characteristics All Buildings Using Fuel Oil (thousand) Total Fuel Oil Consumption (trillion Btu) Fuel Oil Intensities (thousand Btu) Per Square Foot Per Effective Occupied Square Foot All Buildings 10 14 13 13 Building Floorspace (Square Feet) 1,001 to 5,000 10 16 11 11 5,001 to 10,000 15 22 18 18 10,001 to 25,000 15 24 19 19 25,001 to 50,000 13 25 29 29 50,001 to 100,000 14 27 21 22 100,001 to 200,000 13 36 34 34 200,001 to 500,000 13 37 33 33 Over 500,000 17 51 50 50 Principal Building Activity Education 17 17 16 17 Food Sales and Service 25 36 16 16 Health Care 29 48 47 47 Lodging 27 37 32 32 Mercantile and Service 14 25 26 26 Office 14 19 21 21 Public Assembly 23 46 35 34 Public Order and Safety 28 48 46 46 Religious Worship

178

A naphthenic jet fuel produced from an Australian marine oil shale  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

CSR Limited holds title to an Authority to Prospect covering the Cretaceous Julia Creek oil shale deposit, located in Queensland, Australia, approximately 600 km inland from the eastern seaboard. The shale is of marine origin, having been deposited as an anaerobic sediment in a restricted epicontinental sea. Algae are the predominant source of organic matter. Resources are estimated at 20 billion barrels of oil, approximately half in shale deposits suitable for open cut mining. Typical oil shale analyses are given. Average oil yields are 70 liters per ton. The oil has several deleterious characteristics which necessitate its upgrading at higher severity than is conventional at existing refineries. Heteroatom levels are in total significantly higher than values for petroleum crudes and the aromaticity and metal content of the oil add to its complexity and unusual nature. Two processing routes have been proposed for this oil - either the production of a syncrude by hydrostabilization of the whole oil, or alternatively, upgrading separate fractions to marketable fuels. Pilot plant studies were carried out to simulate refinery processes options. During these investigations, they were successful in the first Australian production of shale-derived jet and diesel synfuels which met all specifications. In this paper, they present details of the jet fuel production and describe its unusual naphthenic character.

Stephenson, L.C.; Muradian, A. (CSR Ltd., Sydney (Australia)); Fookes, C.J.R.; Atkins, A.R. (CSIRO Div. of Energy Chemistry, Sutherland (Australia)); Batts, B.D. (Macquarie Univ., North Ryde (Australia))

1987-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

A nuclear wind/solar oil-shale system for variable electricity and liquid fuels production  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The recoverable reserves of oil shale in the United States exceed the total quantity of oil produced to date worldwide. Oil shale contains no oil, rather it contains kerogen which when heated decomposes into oil, gases, and a carbon char. The energy required to heat the kerogen-containing rock to produce the oil is about a quarter of the energy value of the recovered products. If fossil fuels are burned to supply this energy, the greenhouse gas releases are large relative to producing gasoline and diesel from crude oil. The oil shale can be heated underground with steam from nuclear reactors leaving the carbon char underground - a form of carbon sequestration. Because the thermal conductivity of the oil shale is low, the heating process takes months to years. This process characteristic in a system where the reactor dominates the capital costs creates the option to operate the nuclear reactor at base load while providing variable electricity to meet peak electricity demand and heat for the shale oil at times of low electricity demand. This, in turn, may enable the large scale use of renewables such as wind and solar for electricity production because the base-load nuclear plants can provide lower-cost variable backup electricity. Nuclear shale oil may reduce the greenhouse gas releases from using gasoline and diesel in half relative to gasoline and diesel produced from conventional oil. The variable electricity replaces electricity that would have been produced by fossil plants. The carbon credits from replacing fossil fuels for variable electricity production, if assigned to shale oil production, results in a carbon footprint from burning gasoline or diesel from shale oil that may half that of conventional crude oil. The U.S. imports about 10 million barrels of oil per day at a cost of a billion dollars per day. It would require about 200 GW of high-temperature nuclear heat to recover this quantity of shale oil - about two-thirds the thermal output of existing nuclear reactors in the United States. With the added variable electricity production to enable renewables, additional nuclear capacity would be required. (authors)

Forsberg, C. [Massachusetts Inst. of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Ave., Cambridge, MA 012139 (United States)

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Michigan residential No. 2 fuel oil and propane price survey for the 1990/91 heating season. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes the results of a survey of home heating oil and propane prices over the 1990/1991 heating season in Michigan. The survey was conducted under a cooperative agreement between the State of Michigan, Michigan Public Service Commission and the US Department of Energy (DOE), Energy Information Administration (EIA), and was funded by a grant from EIA. From October 1990 through May 1991, participating dealers/distributions were called and asked for their current residential retail prices of No. 2 home heating oil and propane. This information was then transmitted to the EIA, bi-monthly using an electronic reporting system called Petroleum Data Reporting Option (PEDRO). The survey was conducted using a sample provided by EIA of home heating oil and propane retailers which supply Michigan households. These retailers were contacted the first and third Mondays of each month. The sample was designed to account for distributors with different sales volumes, geographic distributions and sources of primary supply. It should be noted that this simple is different from the sample used in prior year surveys.

Not Available

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retail fuel oil" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Michigan residential No. 2 fuel oil and propane price survey for the 1990/91 heating season  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report summarizes the results of a survey of home heating oil and propane prices over the 1990/1991 heating season in Michigan. The survey was conducted under a cooperative agreement between the State of Michigan, Michigan Public Service Commission and the US Department of Energy (DOE), Energy Information Administration (EIA), and was funded by a grant from EIA. From October 1990 through May 1991, participating dealers/distributions were called and asked for their current residential retail prices of No. 2 home heating oil and propane. This information was then transmitted to the EIA, bi-monthly using an electronic reporting system called Petroleum Data Reporting Option (PEDRO). The survey was conducted using a sample provided by EIA of home heating oil and propane retailers which supply Michigan households. These retailers were contacted the first and third Mondays of each month. The sample was designed to account for distributors with different sales volumes, geographic distributions and sources of primary supply. It should be noted that this simple is different from the sample used in prior year surveys.

Not Available

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

Straight Vegetable Oil as a Vehicle Fuel? (Fact Sheet), Energy...  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

many vehicle owners and fleet managers seek- ing to reduce emissions and support U.S. energy security. Questions sometimes arise about the viability of fueling vehicles with...

183

Impacts of the Weatherization Assistance Program in fuel-oil heated houses  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 1990, the US Department of Energy (DOE) initiated a national evaluation of its lowincome Weatherization Assistance Program. This report, which is one of five parts of that evaluation, evaluates the energy savings and cost-effectiveness of the Program as it had been applied to single-family houses heated primarily by fuel-oil. The study was based upon a representative sample (41 local weatherization agencies, 222 weatherized and 115 control houses) from the nine northeastern states during 1991 and 1992 program years. Dwelling-specific and agency-level data on measures installed, costs, and service delivery procedures were collected from the sampled agencies. Space-heating fuel-oil consumption, indoor temperature, and outdoor temperature were monitored at each house. Dwelling characteristics, air-leakage measurements, space-heating system steady-state efficiency measurements, safety inspections, and occupant questionnaires were also collected or performed at each monitored house. We estimate that the Program weatherized a total of 23,400 single-family fuel-oil heated houses in the nine northeastern states during program years 1991 and 1992. Annual fuel-oil savings were calculated using regression techniques to normalize the savings to standard weather conditions. For the northeast region, annual net fuel-oil savings averaged 160 gallons per house, or 17.7% of pre-weatherization consumption. Although indoor temperatures changed in individual houses following weatherization, there was no average change and no significant difference as compared to the control houses; thus, there was no overall indoor temperature takeback effect influencing fuel-oil savings. The weatherization work was performed cost effectively in these houses from the Program perspective, which included both installation costs and overhead and management costs but did not include non-energy benefits (such as employment and environmental).

Levins, W.P.; Ternes, M.P.

1994-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

Oil Shale: A Huge Resource of Low-Grade Fuel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...barrel of oil. With coal, only about 0...the technology for coal liquefaction were...shale would require mining, transporting...same condition as Appalachia. There is no doubt...cornered for surface coal mining. One would think...

William D. Metz

1974-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

185

Distillate and Spot Crude Oil Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

5 5 Notes: This slide shows the strong influence crude oil prices have on retail distillate prices. The price for distillate fuel oil tracks the crude price increases seen in 1996 and the subsequent fall in 1997 and 1998. Distillate prices have also followed crude oil prices up since the beginning of 1999. Actual data show heating oil prices on the East Coast in June at $1.20 per gallon, up 39 cents over last June. However, if heating oil prices are following diesel, they may be up another 5 cents in August. That would put heating oil prices about 40 cents over last August prices. Crude oil prices are only up about 25 cents in August over year ago levels. The extra 15 cents represents improved refiner margins due in part to the very low distillate inventory level.

186

,,"Distillate Fuel Oil(b)",,,"Alternative Energy Sources(c)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

0.9 Relative Standard Errors for Table 10.9;" 0.9 Relative Standard Errors for Table 10.9;" " Unit: Percents." ,,"Distillate Fuel Oil(b)",,,"Alternative Energy Sources(c)" ,,,,,,,,,,"Coal Coke" "NAICS"," ","Total"," ","Not","Electricity","Natural","Residual",,,"and" "Code(a)","Subsector and Industry","Consumed(d)","Switchable","Switchable","Receipts(e)","Gas","Fuel Oil","Coal","LPG","Breeze","Other(f)" ,,"Total United States" 311,"Food",8,15,9,21,19,18,0,27,0,41 311221," Wet Corn Milling",0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0

187

Case Study of the Emissions from a Heavy-Oil-Fueled Hungarian Power Plant  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Case Study of the Emissions from a Heavy-Oil-Fueled Hungarian Power Plant ... More than 50% of the electric power in Hungary is produced by fossil-fuel-burning power plants. ... 15 The concentration of the pollutant at a location is described by an explicit function in Descartes coordinate system, where the origin is the source; the direction of the abscissa is the same as the wind direction. ...

János Osán; Szabina Török; Jenõ Fekete; Anders Rindby

2000-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

188

2003 Notes2Providers.doc -1-Notes to Retail Providers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2003 Notes2Providers.doc -1- Notes to Retail Providers January 2004 Power Source Disclosure Program Annual Reporting Requirements These notes provide current information and guidance on how retail providers can comply with the regulations for retail providers claiming an energy mix or fuel mix different

189

2004 Notes2Providers.doc -1-Notes to Retail Providers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2004 Notes2Providers.doc -1- Notes to Retail Providers February 2005 Power Source Disclosure Program Annual Reporting Requirements These notes provide current information and guidance on how retail providers can comply with the regulations for retail providers claiming an energy mix or fuel mix different

190

Polyphasic approach for assessing changes in an autochthonous marine bacterial community in the presence of Prestige fuel oil and its biodegradation potential  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A laboratory experiment was conducted to identify key hydrocarbon degraders from a marine oil spill sample (Prestige fuel oil), to ascertain their role in ... . After a 17-month enrichment in weathered fuel, the ...

Núria Jiménez; Marc Viñas; Cèlia Guiu-Aragonés…

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Fuel Mix Disclosure  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Hawaii requires the state’s retail electric suppliers to disclose details regarding the fuel mix of their electric generation to retail customers. Such information must be provided on customers’...

192

Nations of Retailers: The Comparative Political Economy of Retail Trade  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

International, AT&T Wireless, Bershire- Hathaway Retail, andIACI Retail. Finally, two firms were eliminated for otherHigh Growth Variation in the Retail Sector III. National

Watson, Bartholomew Clark

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

193

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

License Alternative fuel providers, bulk users, and retailers, or any person who fuels an alternative fuel vehicle from a private source that does not pay the alternative fuels tax...

194

Retail Electricity Competition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

- tions of consumer heterogeneity for retail competition. Suppose that there are different classes of consumers h ? [0, 1] with state- contingent demands Dh i (p) and state-contingent surplus Sh i ( Dh i (p) ) . Let nh denote the frequencies of consumers... of retail competition is a simple generalization of that in Section 2. The retailers charge a linear price p? given by p? = E i [ E h [ p i Dh i (p?)

Joskow, Paul; Tirole, Jean

2004-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

195

Summary World Oil Data (from World on the Edge) | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Oil Data (from World on the Edge) Oil Data (from World on the Edge) Dataset Summary Description This dataset presents summary information related to world oil. It is part of a supporting dataset for the book World On the Edge: How to Prevent Environmental and Economic Collapse by Lester R. Brown, available from the Earth Policy Institute. This world oil dataset includes the following data: World oil production (1950 - 2009): Top 20 producing countries (2009); Oil production in U.S. (1900 - 2009); Oil consumption in U.S. (950 - 2010); Oil consumption in China (1965 - 2009); Oil consumption in E.U. (1965 - 2009); Top 20 oil importing countries (2009); World's 20 largest oil discoveries; Real price of gasoline (2007); Retail gas prices by country (2008); and fossil fuel consumption subsidies (2009).

196

Nations of Retailers: The Comparative Political Economy of Retail Trade  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

196 French institutions, however, discouraged broad orin French retailing, preferring to enact broad symbolicin nature. French retailers responded with a weak if broad

Watson, Bartholomew Clark

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

Actions of Mycobacterium sp. Strain AP1 on the Saturated- and Aromatic-Hydrocarbon Fractions of Fuel Oil in a Marine Medium  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...Aromatic-Hydrocarbon Fractions of Fuel Oil in a Marine Medium Published ahead...Biodegradation of TPHs of fuel oil by Mycobacterium sp. strain AP1 in marine medium. Strain AP1...aromatic-hydrocarbon fractions of fuel oil in a marine medium. | The pyrene-degrading...

Joaquim Vila; Magdalena Grifoll

2009-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

198

ExxonMobil Fuels Venter's Efforts To Run Vehicles on Algae-Based Oil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...engineered Escherichia coli instead of algae to make fuel, hopes to open a large-scale...California, expects to have a commercial algae biodiesel facility online in 2012, and Algenol...Venter's efforts to run vehicles on algae-based oil. | News | 0 Hydrocarbons...

Robert F. Service

2009-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

199

Development of gas turbine combustor fed with bio-fuel oil  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Considering the increasing interest in the utilization of biofuels derived from biomass pyrolysis, ENEL/CRT carried out some experimental investigations on feasibility of biofuels utilization in the electricity production systems. The paper considers the experimental activity for the development and the design optimization of a gas turbine combustor suitable to be fed with biofuel oil, on the basis of the pressurized combustion performance obtained in a small gas turbine combustor fed with bio-fuel oil and ethanol/bio-fuel oil mixtures. Combustion tests were performed using the combustion chamber of a 40 kWe gas turbine. A small pressurized rig has been constructed including a nozzle for pressurization and a heat recovering combustion air preheating system, together with a proper injection system consisting of two dual fuel atomizers. Compressed air allowed a good spray quality and a satisfactory flame instability, without the need of a pilot frame, also when firing crude bio-fuel only. A parametric investigation on the combustion performance has been performed in order to evaluate the effect of fuel properties, operating conditions and injection system geometry, especially as regards CO and NO{sub x} emissions and smoke index.

Ardy, P.L.; Barbucci, P.; Benelli, G. [ENEL SpA R& D Dept., Pisa (Italy)] [and others

1995-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

200

Residential heating oil price  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

heating oil price decreases The average retail price for home heating oil fell 6.3 cents from a week ago to 2.91 per gallon. That's down 1.10 from a year ago, based on the...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retail fuel oil" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Residential heating oil price  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

heating oil price decreases The average retail price for home heating oil fell 7.5 cents from a week ago to 2.84 per gallon. That's down 1.22 from a year ago, based on the...

202

Residential heating oil price  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

heating oil price decreases The average retail price for home heating oil fell 7.6 cents from a week ago to 2.97 per gallon. That's down 1.05 from a year ago, based on the...

203

Residential heating oil price  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

heating oil price decreases The average retail price for home heating oil fell 3.6 cents from a week ago to 3.04 per gallon. That's down 99.4 cents from a year ago, based on the...

204

Distillate Fuel Oil Assessment for Winter 1995-1996  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

U.S. Refining Capacity Utilization U.S. Refining Capacity Utilization by Tancred Lidderdale, Nancy Masterson, and Nicholas Dazzo* U.S. crude oil refinery utilization rates have steadily increased since oil price and allocation decontrol in 1981. The annual average atmospheric distillation utilization rate has increased from 68.6 percent of operable capacity in 1981 to 92.6 percent in 1994. The distillation utilization rate reached a peak of 96.4 percent in August 1994, the highest one-month average rate in over 20 years. This dramatic increase in refining capacity utilization has stimulated a growing interest in the ability of U.S. refineries to supply domestic requirements for finished petroleum products. This article briefly reviews recent trends in domestic refining capacity utilization and examines in detail the differences in

205

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Diesel Fuel Pump Components History WHAT WE PAY FOR IN A GALLON OF DIESEL FUEL Mon-yr Retail Price (Dollars per gallon) Refining (percentage) Distribution & Marketing (percentage)...

206

Method to upgrade bio-oils to fuel and bio-crude  

DOE Patents [OSTI]

This invention relates to a method and device to produce esterified, olefinated/esterified, or thermochemolytic reacted bio-oils as fuels. The olefinated/esterified product may be utilized as a biocrude for input to a refinery, either alone or in combination with petroleum crude oils. The bio-oil esterification reaction is catalyzed by addition of alcohol and acid catalyst. The olefination/esterification reaction is catalyzed by addition of resin acid or other heterogeneous catalyst to catalyze olefins added to previously etherified bio-oil; the olefins and alcohol may also be simultaneously combined and catalyzed by addition of resin acid or other heterogeneous catalyst to produce the olefinated/esterified product.

Steele, Philip H; Pittman, Jr., Charles U; Ingram, Jr., Leonard L; Gajjela, Sanjeev; Zhang, Zhijun; Bhattacharya, Priyanka

2013-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

207

Residual Fuel Oil Prices, Average - Sales to End Users  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Product/Sales Type: Residual Fuel, Average - Sales to End Users Residual Fuel, Average - Sales for Resale Sulfur Less Than or Equal to 1% - Sales to End Users Sulfur Less Than or Equal to 1% - Sales for Resale Sulfur Greater Than 1% - Sales to End Users Sulfur Greater Than 1% - Sales for Resale Period: Monthly Annual Product/Sales Type: Residual Fuel, Average - Sales to End Users Residual Fuel, Average - Sales for Resale Sulfur Less Than or Equal to 1% - Sales to End Users Sulfur Less Than or Equal to 1% - Sales for Resale Sulfur Greater Than 1% - Sales to End Users Sulfur Greater Than 1% - Sales for Resale Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Product/Sales Type Area Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History U.S. - - - - - - 1983-2013 East Coast (PADD 1) - - - - - - 1983-2013 New England (PADD 1A) - - - - - - 1983-2013 Connecticut - - - - - - 1983-2013 Maine - - - - - - 1983-2013 Massachusetts - - - - - - 1983-2013

208

Quantitative Analysis of Constituents in Heavy Fuel Oil by 1H Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) Spectroscopy and Multivariate Data Analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This applies in particular to the shipping industry. ... The fuel oil samples were collected during the bunkering of the oil in various ports around the world and sent to Lloyd’s Register’s Fuel Oil Bunker Analysis and Advisory Service (FOBAS) for detailed physicochemical characterization. ... The mixture of two incompatible fuels leads to extensive formation of solid material, with devastating effects in the case where the precipitation takes place in the engine or tank of a HFO-powered ship or power plant. ...

Katrine Ellemann Nielsen; Jens Dittmer; Anders Malmendal; Niels Chr. Nielsen

2008-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

209

CANNED FI H RETAIL PRICE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

CANNED FI H RETAIL PRICE UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE I TERI R FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE BUREAU to obtain average retail prices for selected canned fish items. The retail prices as contained herein to the retail stores in these cities each month. These stores include important chain organizations

210

Modification of the feeding behavior of marine copepods by sub-lethal concentrations of water-accommodated fuel oil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The feeding behaviors of Acartia clausi and A. tonsa were measured in samples of water containing low levels of a water-accommodated fraction of No. 2 fuel oil. The copepods fed normally at a hydrocarbon concentr...

M. S. Berman; D. R. Heinle

211

Oil and Gas Conservation (Nebraska) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Conservation (Nebraska) Conservation (Nebraska) Oil and Gas Conservation (Nebraska) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Program Info State Nebraska Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider Nebraska Oil and Gas Conservation Commission This section establishes the state's interest in encouraging the development, production, and utilization of natural gas and oil resources in a manner which will prevent waste and lead to the greatest ultimate

212

Retail electricity competition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

We analyze a number of unstudied aspects of retail electricity competition. We first explore the implications of load profiling of consumers whose traditional meters do not allow for measurement of their real time consumption, ...

Joskow, Paul L.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Distillate Fuel Oil Imports Could Be Available - For A Price  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4 4 Notes: So it wasn't demand and production explains only part of the reason we got through last winter with enough stocks. The mystery is solved when you look at net imports of distillate fuel last winter. As we found out, while imports are a small contributor to supply, they are sometimes crucial. Last winter, imports were the main source of supply increase following the price spike. Previous record levels were shattered as imports came pouring into the country. The fact that Europe was enjoying a warmer-than-normal winter also encouraged exports to the United States. It was massive amounts of imports, particularly from Russia, that helped us get through last winter in as good a shape as we did. Imports are expected to be relatively normal this winter. Added imports

214

Evaluation of artificially-weathered standard fuel oil toxicity by marine invertebrate embryogenesis bioassays  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Weathering of petroleum spilled in the marine environment may not only change its physical and chemical properties but also its effects on the marine ecosystem. The objective of this study was to evaluate the toxicity of the water-accommodated fraction (WAF) obtained from a standard fuel oil following an environmentally realistic simulated weathering process for a period of 80 d. Experimental flasks with 40 g L?1 of fuel oil were incubated at 18 °C with a 14 h light:10 h dark photoperiod and a photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) intensity of 70 ?E m?2 s?1. Samples were taken at four weathering periods: 24 h, 7, 21 and 80 d. WAF toxicity was tested using the sea urchin (Paracentrotus lividus) and mussel (Mytilus galloprovincialis) embryo–larval bioassays and the aromatic hydrocarbons levels (AH) in the WAF were measured by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. In contrast with the classic assumption of toxicity decrease with oil weathering, the present study shows a progressive increase in WAF toxicity with weathering, being the EC50 after 80 d eightfold lower than the EC50 at day 1, whereas AH concentration slightly decreased. In the long term, inoculation of WAF with bacteria from a hydrocarbon chronically-polluted harbor slightly reduced toxicity. The differences in toxicity between fresh and weathered fuels could not be explained on the basis of the total AH content and the formation of oxidized derivatives is suggested to explain this toxicity increase.

Juan Bellas; Liliana Saco-Álvarez; Óscar Nieto; Josep María Bayona; Joan Albaigés; Ricardo Beiras

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

The Retail Planning Problem under Demand Uncertainty.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and Rajaram K. , (2000), “Accurate Retail Testing of FashionThe Retail Planning Problem Under Demand Uncertainty GeorgeAbstract We consider the Retail Planning Problem in which

Georgiadis, G.; Rajaram, K.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Retail Demand Response in Southwest Power Pool  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

17 6. Barriers to Retail23 ii Retail Demand Response in SPP List of Figures and6 Table 3. SPP Retail DR Survey

Bharvirkar, Ranjit

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

Using Retail Data for Upstream Merger Analysis  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

and D. Klapper, 2007. “Retail Environment and Manufacturerand Competition in Retail Gasoline Markets: Empiricalof Upstream Mergers on Retail Gasoline Markets,” work- ing

Villas-Boas, Sofia B

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Three Essays on Retail Price Dynamics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

negligible and holds for both retail- and wholesale-levelchange in the frequency of retail (wholesale) price changeCentro de Estudios del Retail (2009), "Calidad de Servicio

Elberg, Andres

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Funding The Ethanol Infrastructure Incentive Program provides funding to offset the cost of installing ethanol blender pumps at retail fueling stations throughout the state....

220

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Biodiesel and Ethanol Definitions and Retail Requirements Biodiesel blend stock must be at least 99% biodiesel (no more than 1% diesel fuel) and meet ASTM specification D6751....

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retail fuel oil" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Ethanol Labeling Requirement Any motor vehicle fuel sold at retail containing more than 1% ethanol or methanol must be labeled according to Connecticut Department of Consumer...

222

A two-component heavy fuel oil evaporation model for CFD studies in marine Diesel engines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The paper presents an evaporation model for Heavy Fuel Oil (HFO) combustion studies. In the present work, HFO is considered as a mixture of a heavy and a light fuel component, with the thermophysical properties of the heavy component calculated from the recently introduced model of Kyriakides et al. (2009) [1]. The model proposes a proper treatment of convective heat transfer to the evaporating fuel droplets. Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) simulations of HFO spray combustion in constant volume chambers are performed, utilizing a modified characteristic time combustion model. The results are in good agreement with literature experimental data. Computational results for a two-stroke marine Diesel engine also compare favorably against experiments. The present development yields a basis for detailed CFD studies of HFO combustion in large marine Diesel engines.

Nikolaos Stamoudis; Christos Chryssakis; Lambros Kaiktsis

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Soil remediation demonstration project: Biodegradation of heavy fuel oils. Special report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Treatment of oil-contaminated soils is necessary to protect water supplies, human health, and environmental quality; but because of limited funds, cleanup costs are often prohibitive. High costs are exacerbated in cold regions such as Alaska, where spills are often in areas inaccessible to heavy equipment and where there is limited infrastructure. Owing to the lack of infrastructure, widespread fuel distribution systems, and the need for heating in the cold climate, there are numerous small-scale oil spills. Low-cost treatments applicable to small-scale spills are needed. The object of this CPAR project was to examine using cost-effective, on-site bioremediation techniques for heavy-oil-contaminated soil in cold regions. Both heavy-oil and diesel-contaminated soils were used to compare landfarming, a low-intensity treatment, to pile bioventing, a costlier treatment. For each soil-contaminant combination, we compared nutrient additions to a control with no nutrient additions. Under the conditions of this study, landfarming with nutrient additions was as effective for treating diesel-contaminated soil as was bioventing with nutrient additions. For heavy oils, landfarming with nutrients resulted in lower soil concentrations after one year, but differences among treatments were not statistically significant. Because landfarming does not require pumps, electricity, or plumbing, all costs are less than for bioventing. The minimal requirements for infrastructure also make landfarming attractive in remote sites typical of cold regions.

Reynolds, C.M.; Bhunia, P.; Koenen, B.A.

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

,"U.S. Total Adjusted Distillate Fuel Oil and Kerosene Sales by End Use"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Distillate Fuel Oil and Kerosene Sales by End Use" Distillate Fuel Oil and Kerosene Sales by End Use" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Residential",4,"Annual",2012,"6/30/1984" ,"Data 2","Commercial",10,"Annual",2012,"6/30/1984" ,"Data 3","Industrial",9,"Annual",2012,"6/30/1984" ,"Data 4","Farm",4,"Annual",2012,"6/30/1984" ,"Data 5","Electric Power",2,"Annual",2012,"6/30/1984" ,"Data 6","Oil Company",2,"Annual",2012,"6/30/1984"

225

Evaluation of Gas, Oil and Wood Pellet Fueled Residential Heating System Emissions Characteristics  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This study has measured the emissions from a wide range of heating equipment burning different fuels including several liquid fuel options, utility supplied natural gas and wood pellet resources. The major effort was placed on generating a database for the mass emission rate of fine particulates (PM 2.5) for the various fuel types studied. The fine particulates or PM 2.5 (less than 2.5 microns in size) were measured using a dilution tunnel technique following the method described in US EPA CTM-039. The PM 2.5 emission results are expressed in several units for the benefit of scientists, engineers and administrators. The measurements of gaseous emissions of O{sub 2}, CO{sub 2}, CO, NO{sub x} and SO{sub 2} were made using a combustion analyzer based on electrochemical cells These measurements are presented for each of the residential heating systems tested. This analyzer also provides a steady state efficiency based on stack gas and temperature measurements and these values are included in the report. The gaseous results are within the ranges expected from prior emission studies with the enhancement of expanding these measurements to fuels not available to earlier researchers. Based on measured excess air levels and ultimate analysis of the fuel's chemical composition the gaseous emission results are as expected and fall within the range provided for emission factors contained in the US-EPA AP 42, Emission Factors Volume I, Fifth Edition. Since there were no unexpected findings in these gaseous measurements, the bulk of the report is centered on the emissions of fine particulates, or PM 2.5. The fine particulate (PM 2.5) results for the liquid fuel fired heating systems indicate a very strong linear relationship between the fine particulate emissions and the sulfur content of the liquid fuels being studied. This is illustrated by the plot contained in the first figure on the next page which clearly illustrates the linear relationship between the measured mass of fine particulate per unit of energy, expressed as milligrams per Mega-Joule (mg/MJ) versus the different sulfur contents of four different heating fuels. These were tested in a conventional cast iron boiler equipped with a flame retention head burner. The fuels included a typical ASTM No. 2 fuel oil with sulfur below 0.5 percent (1520 average ppm S), an ASTM No. 2 fuel oil with very high sulfur content (5780 ppm S), low sulfur heating oil (322 ppm S) and an ultra low sulfur diesel fuel (11 ppm S). Three additional oil-fired heating system types were also tested with normal heating fuel, low sulfur and ultralow sulfur fuel. They included an oil-fired warm air furnace of conventional design, a high efficiency condensing warm air furnace, a condensing hydronic boiler and the conventional hydronic boiler as discussed above. The linearity in the results was observed with all of the different oil-fired equipment types (as shown in the second figure on the next page). A linear regression of the data resulted in an Rsquared value of 0.99 indicating that a very good linear relationship exits. This means that as sulfur decreases the PM 2.5 emissions are reduced in a linear manner within the sulfur content range tested. At the ultra low sulfur level (15 ppm S) the amount of PM 2.5 had been reduced dramatically to an average of 0.043 mg/MJ. Three different gas-fired heating systems were tested. These included a conventional in-shot induced draft warm air furnace, an atmospheric fired hydronic boiler and a high efficiency hydronic boiler. The particulate (PM 2.5) measured ranged from 0.011 to 0.036 mg/MJ. depending on the raw material source used in their manufacture. All three stoves tested were fueled with premium (low ash) wood pellets obtained in a single batch to provide for uniformity in the test fuel. Unlike the oil and gas fired systems, the wood pellet stoves had measurable amounts of particulates sized above the 2.5-micron size that defines fine particulates (less than 2.5 microns). The fine particulate emissions rates ranged from 22 to 30 mg/ MJ with an average value

McDonald, R.

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Chapter 2: BACKGROUND (I) Description of the coal Conversion and Oil Shale Retorting Fuel Cycles 2  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

oil shale 2.2 Coal and Oil Shale Resources energy systems retorting. Coal and oil shale resources are

unknown authors

227

Extended end-point distillate fuels from shale oil by hydrotreating coupled with catalytic dewaxing  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

It is generally accepted that shale oils derived by either surface or in situ retorting of western oil shale require relatively severe hydrotreatment as a consequence of their high oxygen, nitrogen and olefin contents. However, the hydrotreated syn crudes so produced typically possess pour points on the order of 20-30/sup 0/C which may require transport in heated pipelines. In addition distillates derived from the hydrotreated shale oil may also be unacceptable as jet and diesel fuels as a consequence of their poor low temperature fluidity characteristics. The authors report here a relatively simple process modification which overcomes these problems, i.e., addition of a shape-selective ZSM-5 dewaxing reactor in series with the conventional hydrotreating reactor. This process scheme is shown to be operative without interstage separation of light products from the hydrotreater including ammonia. Processing conditions for the dewaxing reactor are compatible with those of the hydrotreater. Surprisingly low levels of zeolite acidity are required for substantial pour point reduction. As a result of such processing, naphthas with octanes higher than those typically obtained by hydrocracking are produced in addition to a high yield of extended end point distillate which meets essentially all requirements for acceptable diesel fuel.

LaPierre, R.B.; Gorring, R.L.; Smith, R.L.

1986-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Residential heating oil prices decrease  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

heating oil prices decrease The average retail price for home heating oil fell 1.7 cents from a week ago to 4.02 per gallon. That's up 1.7 cents from a year ago, based on the...

229

Residential heating oil price decreases  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

heating oil price decreases The average retail price for home heating oil fell 7.8 cents from a week ago to 3.14 per gallon. That's down 81.1 cents from a year ago, based on the...

230

Residential heating oil price decreases  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

heating oil price decreases The average retail price for home heating oil fell 10.5 cents from a week ago to 3.22 per gallon. That's down 73.6 cents from a year ago, based on the...

231

Residential heating oil price decreases  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

heating oil price decreases The average retail price for home heating oil fell 1.8 cents from a week ago to 2.82 per gallon. That's down 1.36 from a year ago, based on the...

232

Residential heating oil prices decline  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

heating oil price decreases The average retail price for home heating oil fell 2 cents from a week ago to 3.36 per gallon. That's down 52.5 cents from a year ago, based on the...

233

Residential heating oil prices increase  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

heating oil prices increase The average retail price for home heating oil rose 3.9 cents last week to 3.96 per gallon. That's down 2.6 cents from a year ago, based on the...

234

Residential heating oil price decreases  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

05, 2014 Residential heating oil price decreases The average retail price for home heating oil fell 1.9 cents from a week ago to 3.43 per gallon. That's down 39 cents from a year...

235

Residential heating oil price decreases  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4 Residential heating oil price decreases The average retail price for home heating oil fell 1.6 cents from a week ago to 3.42 per gallon. That's down 39.5 cents from a year ago,...

236

Residential heating oil prices decrease  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

heating oil price decreases The average retail price for home heating oil fell 2.9 cents from a week ago to 3.45 per gallon. That's down 36.6 cents from a year ago, based on the...

237

Residential heating oil prices decline  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

heating oil price decreases The average retail price for home heating oil fell 3.3 cents from a week ago to 3.38 per gallon. That's down 43.9 cents from a year ago, based on the...

238

Residential heating oil prices increase  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5, 2014 Residential heating oil prices increase The average retail price for home heating oil rose 6.5 cents from a week ago to 4.24 per gallon. That's up 14.9 cents from a year...

239

Residential heating oil price decreases  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

6, 2014 Residential heating oil price decreases The average retail price for home heating oil rose 1.6 cents from a week ago to 4.24 per gallon. That's up 8.9 cents from a year...

240

Residential heating oil prices decline  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

heating oil price decreases The average retail price for home heating oil fell 6.3 cents from a week ago to 3.08 per gallon. That's down 90.3 cents from a year ago, based on the...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retail fuel oil" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Residential heating oil price decreases  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

heating oil price decreases The average retail price for home heating oil fell 3.8 cents from a week ago to 3.33 per gallon. That's down 59.1 cents from a year ago, based on the...

242

Residential heating oil prices increase  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

heating oil prices increase The average retail price for home heating oil rose 5.4 cents from a week ago to 4.04 per gallon. That's up 4.9 cents from a year ago, based on the...

243

Residential heating oil prices increase  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

heating oil prices increase The average retail price for home heating oil rose 2.9 cents from a week ago to 3.98 per gallon. That's up 6-tenths of a penny from a year ago, based...

244

Residential heating oil prices increase  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3, 2014 Residential heating oil prices increase The average retail price for home heating oil rose 4.4 cents from a week ago to 4.06 per gallon. That's up 4.1 cents from a year...

245

Residential heating oil prices decrease  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5, 2014 Residential heating oil prices decrease The average retail price for home heating oil fell 1.8 cents from a week ago to 4.00 per gallon. That's down 2-tenths of a cent...

246

Residential heating oil prices increase  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

heating oil prices increase The average retail price for home heating oil rose 12 cents from a week ago to 4.18 per gallon. That's up 13 cents from a year ago, based on the...

247

Trends of petroleum fuels  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Trends in properties of motor gasolines for the years 1942 through 1984; diesel fuels for the years 1950 through 1983; aviation fuels for the years 1947 through 1983; and heating oils for the years 1955 through 1984, have been evaluated based upon data contained in surveys prepared and published by the National Institute for Petroleum and Energy Research (NIPER) formerly the Bartlesville Energy Technology Center (BETC). The surveys for motor gasolines were conducted under a cooperative agreement with the Coordinating Research Council (CRC) and the Bureau of Mines from 1935 through 1948 and in cooperation with the American Petroleum Institute (API) since 1948 for all surveys. The motor gasoline surveys have been published twice annually since 1935 describing the properties of motor gasolines throughout the country. Other surveys prepared in cooperation with API and the Bureau of Mines, the Energy Research and Development Administration, the Department of Energy, and currently NIPER were aviation gasolines beginning in 1947, diesel fuels in 1950, aviation turbine fuels in 1951, and heating oils, formerly burner fuel oils, in 1955. Various companies throughout the country obtain samples of motor gasolines from retail outlets and refinery samples for the other surveys, and analyze the samples using American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) procedures. The analytical data are sent to the Bartlesville Center for survey preparation and distribution. A summary report has been assembled from data in 83 semiannual surveys for motor gasolines that shows trends throughout the entire era from winter 19

Shelton, E.M.; Woodward, P.W.

1985-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Proposal for the Award of a Contract for the Supply of about 8000 Tonnes of Heavy Fuel Oil per Year over a Period of Three Years  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Proposal for the Award of a Contract for the Supply of about 8000 Tonnes of Heavy Fuel Oil per Year over a Period of Three Years

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

Retail Sales Allocation Tool (RSAT)  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Showerheads Residential Weatherization Performance Tested Comfort Systems Ductless Heat Pumps New Construction Residential Marketing Toolkit Retail Sales Allocation Tool...

250

Coal liquefaction process wherein jet fuel, diesel fuel and/or astm no. 2 fuel oil is recovered  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An improved process for the liquefaction of coal and similar solid carbonaceous materials wherein a hydrogen donor solvent or diluent derived from the solid carbonaceous material is used to form a slurry of the solid carbonaceous material and wherein the naphthenic components from the solvent or diluent fraction are separated and used as jet fuel components. The extraction increases the relative concentration of hydroaromatic (hydrogen donor) components and as a result reduces the gas yield during liquefaction and decreases hydrogen consumption during said liquefaction. The hydrogenation severity can be controlled to increase the yield of naphthenic components and hence the yield of jet fuel and in a preferred embodiment jet fuel yield is maximized while at the same time maintaining solvent balance.

Bauman, R.F.; Ryan, D.F.

1982-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Distributed Bio-Oil Reforming - DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program FY 2012 Annual Progress Report  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

5 5 FY 2012 Annual Progress Report DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program Stefan Czernik (Primary Contact), Richard French, Michael Penev National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) 15013 Denver West Parkway Golden, CO 80401 Phone: (303) 384-6135 Email: Stefan.Czernik@nrel.gov DOE Manager Sara Dillich Phone: (202) 586-1623 Email: Sara.Dillich@ee.doe.gov Subcontractor: University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN Project Start Date: October 1, 2004 Project End Date: September 30, 2012 Fiscal Year (FY) 2012 Objectives By 2012, develop and demonstrate distributed reforming * technology for producing hydrogen from bio-oil at $4.10/ kilogram (kg) purified hydrogen. Demonstrate integrated performance at bench scale * including bio-oil vaporization, partial-oxidation (POX)

252

Rethinking the Retail Technology Platform  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rethinking the Retail Technology Platform Managing Cost, Innovation and Risk in the New Economy The.bathwick.com2 Rethinking the Retail Technology Platform - April 2009 TheBathwickGroup Executive Summary The retail industry is set to face enormous challenges in the coming years, with a difficult economic climate

253

Enabling RFID Retail George Roussos  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Enabling RFID Retail George Roussos Birkbeck College University of London The past two years have perspectives on RFID retail in the particular context of the European Union and attempt to identify the core issues that must be addressed to enable widely accepted deployment of RFID in retail. The discussion

Roussos, George

254

,"U.S. Residual Fuel Oil Refiner Sales Volumes"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Refiner Sales Volumes" Refiner Sales Volumes" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","U.S. Residual Fuel Oil Refiner Sales Volumes",2,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1983" ,"Release Date:","12/2/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/2/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_cons_refres_c_nus_eppr_mgalpd_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_cons_refres_c_nus_eppr_mgalpd_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov"

255

Emission characteristics of GTL fuel as an alternative to conventional marine gas oil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The study examine the gaseous, smoke and particulate matter emission characteristics of a turbocharged heavy-duty diesel engine operated on conventional marine gas oil and gas-to-liquid Fischer–Tropsch fuel under modes of propulsion and generator operation. The gas-to-liquid showed average reductions up to 19% in nitrogen oxides, 25% in carbon monoxide, 4% in carbon dioxide and 30% in smoke with slight increase in unburned hydrocarbon emissions. Particulate number concentrations for gas-to-liquid were up to 21% higher, whereas particulates mass showed a 16% decrease at medium and high loads, while increasing by 12–15% under lower load conditions. Very low aromatic content of gas-to-liquid fuel and nearly zero sulfur level are responsible for particulate reduction.

Sergey Ushakov; Nadine G.M. Halvorsen; Harald Valland; Dag H. Williksen; Vilmar Æsøy

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

Heating with energy saving alternatives to prevent biodeterioration of marine fuel oil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study examined how alternative handling practices, including heat shock, can facilitate the prevention of biodeterioration of fuel oil onboard ships. At temperatures exceeding 50 °C, no microbes were observed after incubation for 2 days. Under 30 °C incubation, the total number of viable aerobic bacteria, Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas maltophilia, decreased gradually during the incubation period. Conversely, most fungi were destroyed after incubation for 5 days. Fungi generally had a better tolerance in marine fuel than E. coli after heat shock treatment. After incubation starting at ?45 °C, followed by different heat shock patterns, the total number of viable fungi and E. coli increased steadily during the 10-h incubation period. In contrast to fungi, heat shock effectively controlled E. coli growth. Heat shock treatment can control the growth of certain types of microbes at temperatures of up to 10 °C lower than commonly used.

J. Hua

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

257

Straight Vegetable Oil as a Diesel Fuel? Vehicle Technologies Program (VTP) (Fact Sheet)  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Performance of SVO Performance of SVO While straight vegetable oil or mixtures of SVO and diesel fuel have been used by some over the years, research has shown that SVO has technical issues that pose barriers to widespread acceptance. The published engineering literature strongly indicates that the use of SVO will lead to reduced engine life. This reduced engine life is caused by the buildup of carbon deposits inside the engine, as well as negative impacts of SVO on the engine lubricant. Both carbon deposits and excessive buildup of SVO in the lubricant are caused by the very high boiling point and viscosity of SVO relative to the required boiling range for diesel fuel. The carbon buildup doesn't necessarily happen quickly but instead over a longer period. These conclusions are

258

oil1990.xls  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

(dollars) (dollars) (dollars) (dollars) Table 1. Consumption and Expenditures in U.S. Households that Use Fuel OilKerosene, 1990 Residential Buildings Average Fuel Oil...

259

"Code(a)","End Use","Electricity(b)","Fuel Oil","Diesel Fuel(c)"," Gas(d)","NGL(e)","Coke and Breeze)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3 Relative Standard Errors for Table 5.3;" 3 Relative Standard Errors for Table 5.3;" " Unit: Percents." " "," " " "," ",," ","Distillate"," "," " " "," ","Net Demand",,"Fuel Oil",,,"Coal" "NAICS"," ","for ","Residual","and","Natural","LPG and","(excluding Coal" "Code(a)","End Use","Electricity(b)","Fuel Oil","Diesel Fuel(c)"," Gas(d)","NGL(e)","Coke and Breeze)" ,,"Total United States" " 311 - 339","ALL MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES" ,"TOTAL FUEL CONSUMPTION",2,3,6,2,4,9

260

Retail Replacement Lamps  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Annual CALiPER testing of A19, G25, candelabra, night light, MR16/PAR16, PAR20, and PAR30 replacement lamps – purchased directly from store shelves – offers insights on performance trends from year to year. The report findings offer valuable insights for manufacturers and retailers alike.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retail fuel oil" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Testing for price response asymmetries in the Spanish fuel market. New evidence from daily data  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In this work we use daily data to examine pattern asymmetries in the speed of transmission of international wholesale oil prices to Spanish retail fuel prices. Results are robust to two alternative specifications of an asymmetric error correction model, for which the presence of autoregressive conditional heteroskedasticity for disturbances is modeled by a GARCH(1,1) process. Evidence indicates that the short-term transmission of wholesale prices to retail prices is quite symmetric for both gasoline and diesel fuel. Nevertheless, in contrast to some of the results provided for an earlier period, we did not find asymmetries in the speed of retail price responses toward long-run equilibrium. Our evidence also suggests that the use of weekly (or lower frequency) data is one of the possible explanations for some of the seemingly contradictory results concerning this issue.

Jacint Balaguer; Jordi Ripollés

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

262

Monitoring of Olympic National Park Beaches to determine fate and effects of spilled bunker C fuel oil  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

On December 23, 1988, the barge Nestucca was accidentally struck by its tow, a Souse Brothers Towing Company tug, releasing approximately 230,000 gallons of Bunker C fuel oil and fouling beaches from Grays Harbor north to Vancouver Island. Affected beaches in Washington included a 40-mile-long strip that has been recently added to Olympic National Park. The purpose of the monitoring program documented in this report was to determine the fate of spilled Bunker C fuel oil on selected Washington coastal beaches. We sought to determine (1) how much oil remained in intertidal and shallow subtidal habitats following clean-up and weathering, (2) to what extent intertidal and/or shallow subtidal biotic assemblages have been contaminated, and (3) how rapidly the oil has left the ecosystem. 45 refs., 18 figs., 8 tabs.

Strand, J.A.; Cullinan, V.I.; Crecelius, E.A.; Fortman, T.J.; Citterman, R.J.; Fleischmann, M.L.

1990-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Risk based corrective action: An application to closure of a fuel oil bunker site  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

An evaluation of the potential risk of adversely impacting the site ground water was conducted at a food processing facility in California. The facility stored fuel oil in a 50,000-gallon concrete bunker in addition to gasoline and kerosene tanks onsite. In response to an environmental impact assessment, a site remediation plan was implemented which consisted of removal of the concrete bunker and majority of the impacted soils to a depth of about 45 ft (13.72 m) below ground surface (bgs). Some of the soil samples collected at depths between 45 and 50 ft (13.72 and 15.24 m) indicated TPH levels as high as 5,275 mg/kg. A risk evaluation was conducted for a worst case scenario to document the fate and transport of the residual compounds reaching the shallow ground water flow system. It was demonstrated that the residual fuel oil present in the overlying soil did not impact the ground water at the time of investigation, and is not likely to have adverse impact on the shallow ground water beneath the site. Therefore, no further corrective action was needed and the site was closed.

Panigrahi, B.K.; Acharya, B.P.

1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

264

Peak Oil Netherlands Foundation (PONL) was founded in May 2005 by a group of citizens who are concerned about the effects of a premature peak in oil and other fossil fuels production. The main aims of  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

#12;Peak Oil Netherlands Foundation (PONL) was founded in May 2005 by a group of citizens who are concerned about the effects of a premature peak in oil and other fossil fuels production. The main aims of this report, the other people in the Peak Oil Netherlands Foundation for their work, peakoil.com & the oildrum

Keeling, Stephen L.

265

State heating oil and propane program: 1995-96 heating season. Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This is a summary report of the New Hampshire Governor`s Office of Energy and Community Services (ECS) participation in the State Heating Oil and Propane Program (SHOPP) for the 1995/96 heating season. SHOPP is a cooperative effort, linking energy offices in East Coast and Midwest states, with the Department of Energy (DOE), Energy Information Administration (EIA) for the purpose of collecting retail price data for heating oil and propane. The program funded by the participating state with a matching grant from DOE. EIA provides ECS with a list of oil and propane retailers that serve customers in New Hampshire. In turn ECS conduct phone surveys twice per month from October through March to determine the average retail price for each fuel. Data collected by ECS is entered into the Petroleum Electronic Data Reporting Option (PEDRO) and transmitted via modem to EIA. The results of the state retail price surveys along with wholesale prices, supply, production and stock levels for oil, and propane are published by EIA in the Weekly Petroleum Status Report. Data is also published electronically via the internet or through the Electronic Publication System.

NONE

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

266

VEE-0035 - In the Matter of Rice Oil Company, Inc. | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

35 - In the Matter of Rice Oil Company, Inc. 35 - In the Matter of Rice Oil Company, Inc. VEE-0035 - In the Matter of Rice Oil Company, Inc. On October 22, 1996, Rice Oil Company, Inc. (Rice) of Greenfield, Massachusetts filed an Application for Exception with the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) of the Department of Energy (DOE). In its Application, Rice requests that it be relieved of the requirement to file Form EIA-782B, entitled "Resellers/Retailers' Monthly Petroleum Product Sales Report" (Form EIA- 782B), and Form EIA-821, entitled "Annual Fuel Oil and Kerosene Sales Report". vee0035.pdf More Documents & Publications VEE-0082 - In the Matter of Fleischli Oil Company VEE-0085 - In the Matter of Smith Brothers Gas Company VEE-0066 - In the Matter of Taylor Oil Company

267

Carcinogenicity Studies of Estonian Oil Shale Soots  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

determine the carcinogenicity of Estonian oil shale soot as well as the soot from oil shale fuel oil. All

A. Vosamae

268

E-Print Network 3.0 - amazon state fuel Sample Search Results  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

August 2005 Fuel Tank Capacity and Gas Pump Accuracy By Juana Williams Often when fuel prices rise... to the accuracy of gasoline pumps (retail motor-fuel dispensers)....

269

Synthesis of Mixed Metal Oxides for Hydrodeoxygenation of Pyrolysis Oil for Alternative Fuels Sarah McNew, Tiorra Ross and Carsten Sievers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

· Flash pyrolysis on biomass [1] · Short residence times and flexible feed · Bio-oils produced are close to dissociate hydrogen Goal: synthesize metal free, sulfur free, catalysts for HDO Biomass Pyrolysis OilSynthesis of Mixed Metal Oxides for Hydrodeoxygenation of Pyrolysis Oil for Alternative Fuels Sarah

Das, Suman

270

Regulation of Oil and Gas Resources (Florida) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Regulation of Oil and Gas Resources (Florida) Regulation of Oil and Gas Resources (Florida) Regulation of Oil and Gas Resources (Florida) < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Developer Fed. Government Fuel Distributor Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Systems Integrator Transportation Utility Program Info State Florida Program Type Safety and Operational Guidelines Provider Florida Department of Environmental Protection It is the public policy of the state to conserve and control the natural resources of oil and gas, and their products; to prevent waste of oil and gas; to provide for the protection and adjustment of the rights of landowners, producers, and interested parties; and to safeguard the health,

271

Oil and Gas Program (Tennessee) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Oil and Gas Program (Tennessee) Oil and Gas Program (Tennessee) Oil and Gas Program (Tennessee) < Back Eligibility Commercial Construction Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Utility Program Info State Tennessee Program Type Environmental Regulations Siting and Permitting Provider Department Of Environment and Conservation The Oil and Gas section of the Tennessee Code, found in Title 60, covers all regulations, licenses, permits, and laws related to the production of natural gas. The laws create the Oil and Gas Board, composed of the commissioner of environment and conservation or the commissioner's designee, who shall act as chair, the designee of the commissioner of

272

Technology Enabled Apparel Retail Employees .  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??The apparel retail industry is one of the largest employers in the United States and has experienced vast changes since the first department stores appeared… (more)

Lewis, Tasha

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

,"U.S. Residual Fuel Oil Prices by Sales Type"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Prices by Sales Type" Prices by Sales Type" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Residual Fuel Oil Average",2,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1983" ,"Data 2","Sulfur Less Than or Equal to 1%",2,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1983" ,"Data 3","Sulfur Greater Than 1%",2,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1983" ,"Release Date:","12/2/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/2/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_pri_resid_dcu_nus_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_pri_resid_dcu_nus_m.htm"

274

,"Residual Fuel Oil Sales to End Users Refiner Sales Volumes"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Sales to End Users Refiner Sales Volumes" Sales to End Users Refiner Sales Volumes" ,"Click worksheet name or tab at bottom for data" ,"Worksheet Name","Description","# Of Series","Frequency","Latest Data for" ,"Data 1","Residual Fuel Oil Sales to End Users Refiner Sales Volumes",9,"Monthly","9/2013","1/15/1983" ,"Release Date:","12/2/2013" ,"Next Release Date:","1/2/2014" ,"Excel File Name:","pet_cons_refres_a_eppr_vtr_mgalpd_m.xls" ,"Available from Web Page:","http://www.eia.gov/dnav/pet/pet_cons_refres_a_eppr_vtr_mgalpd_m.htm" ,"Source:","Energy Information Administration" ,"For Help, Contact:","infoctr@eia.gov"

275

Dry aging beef for the retail channel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

fabricated in a simulated retail cutting room at Texas A&M University to determine retail yields and processing times. Upon completion of cutting tests, steaks were served to consumers to determine palatability characteristics. Retail cutting tests showed...

Smith, Robert David

2007-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

276

Alternative Fuel and Advanced Technology Commercial Lawn Equipment...  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

retailers offer a mower fuel tank exchange program and deliver replacement propane tanks directly to the customer. Local propane fueling stations may also have the ability to...

277

Size distribution of metals in particulate matter formed during combustion of residual fuel oil  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Between July 1992 and January 1993 three full-scale test programs were performed by Carnot for the Electric Power Research Institute and the Fuel Oil Users` Support (FOUS) Group, as part of a program for development and testing of various stack emissions models. One of the components of the program was determination of the concentrations of individual elements as a function of the size of particles suspended in flue gas. The size distributions of species are important because several aspects of system performance depend upon particulate matter size and composition: (1) the rate of ash deposition in the convection section, and activity of deposits for high temperature corrosion and SO{sub 3} formation, (2) the efficiency of precipitators for collection of individual elements, and (3) scattering of visible light and contribution of particles to stack plume opacity. Size distributions of major ash constituents were measured at the entrance and exit of the dust collectors during each of the field tests. To the authors` knowledge, these are the first reports of such measurements in residual oil-fired utility boilers. The focus, in the present paper, is on the composition of the particles entering the dust collectors.

Walsh, P. [Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA (United States); Rovesti, W.C. [Electric Power Research Institute, Washington, DC (United States); Freeman, R.F. [Niagara Mohawk Power Corp., Oswego, NY (United States); Olen, K.R.; Washington, K.T.; Patrick, S.T.; Campbell, G.L.; Harper, D.S. [Florida Power & Light Co., West Palm Beach, FL (United States); Teetz, R.D.; Bennett, T.E. [Long Island Lighting Co., Glenwood Landing, NY (United States)] [and others

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Residential heating oil prices virtually unchanged  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

heating oil prices virtually unchanged The average retail price for home heating oil fell 4-tenths of a penny from a week ago to 3.95 per gallon. That's down 8-tenths of a penny...

279

Residential heating oil prices virtually unchanged  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4 Residential heating oil price decreases The average retail price for home heating oil fell 3.1 cents from a week ago to 4.20 per gallon. That's up 13.6 cents from a year ago,...

280

Residential heating oil prices virtually unchanged  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

0, 2014 Residential heating oil price decreases The average retail price for home heating oil fell 1.9 cents from a week ago to 4.23 per gallon. That's up 5.1 cents from a year...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retail fuel oil" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Residential heating oil prices virtually unchanged  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5, 2014 Residential heating oil price decreases The average retail price for home heating oil fell 1.6 cents from a week ago to 4.23 per gallon. That's up 14.9 cents from a year...

282

Residential heating oil prices virtually unchanged  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

9, 2014 Residential heating oil price decreases The average retail price for home heating oil fell 7.2 cents from a week ago to 4.12 per gallon. That's up 9.4 cents from a year...

283

Residential heating oil prices virtually unchanged  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4 Residential heating oil prices virtually unchanged The average retail price for home heating oil rose 2-tenths of a cent from a week ago to 4.24 per gallon. That's up 8.2 cents...

284

Properties and performance of cotton seed oil–diesel blends as a fuel for compression ignition engines  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents the evaluation of properties of straight vegetable cotton seed oil (CSO) and its blends with diesel fuel in various proportions to evaluate the performance and emission characteristics of a single cylinder compression ignition (CI) engine at constant speed of 1500 rev ? min . Diesel and CSO oil fuel blends (10% 30% 50% and 70%) were used to conduct engine performance and smoke emission tests at varying loads of 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% and 100% of full load in addition to their straight CSO and diesel fuel. The performance parameters of brake specific energy consumption (BSFC) brake thermal efficiency (BTE) mechanical efficiency (ME) exhaust gas temperature (EGT) and exhaust emission (smoke) were evaluated to find the optimum CSO and diesel fuel blend. From the experimental results the CSO10D90 blend fuel showed 3.7% reduction in BSFC 1.7% increase in BTE 6.7% increase in ME and 21.7% reduction in the smoke emissions in comparison with conventional diesel operated engine. Finally it is concluded that CSO10D90 can be used straight away in CI engines without any major modifications to the engine as it showed good performance and improved emission compared to all other fuels tested for the entire range of engine operation in comparison with diesel.

B. Murali Krishna; J. M. Mallikarjuna

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

TEE-0069 - In the Matter of Severson Oil & LP Co., Inc. | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

9 - In the Matter of Severson Oil & LP Co., Inc. 9 - In the Matter of Severson Oil & LP Co., Inc. TEE-0069 - In the Matter of Severson Oil & LP Co., Inc. On March 23, 2010, Severson Oil & LP Co., Inc. (Severson) filed an Application for Exception with the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) of the Department of Energy (DOE). The firm requests that it be relieved of the requirement to prepare and file the Energy Information Administration (EIA) Form EIA-782B, entitled "Resellers'/Retailers' Monthly Petroleum Product Sales Report." As explained below, we have determined that the request should be denied. tee0069.pdf More Documents & Publications TEE-0060 - In the Matter of 7 Oil Co., Inc. TEE-0061 - In the Matter of Kirby Oil Company, Inc. TEE-0059 - In the Matter of Sauder Fuel

286

Effect of the use of olive–pomace oil biodiesel/diesel fuel blends in a compression ignition engine: Preliminary exergy analysis  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Although biodiesel is among the most studied biofuels for diesel engines, it is usually produced from edible oils, which gives way to controversy between the use of land for fuel and food. For this reason, residues like olive–pomace oil are considered alternative raw materials to produce biodiesel that do not compete with the food industry. To gain knowledge about the implications of its use, olive–pomace oil methyl ester, straight and blended with diesel fuel, was evaluated as fuel in a direct injection diesel engine Perkins AD 3-152 and compared to the use of fossil diesel fuel. Performance curves were analyzed at full load and different speed settings. To perform the exergy balance of the tested fuels, the operating conditions corresponding to maximum engine power values were considered. It was found that the tested fuels offer similar performance parameters. When straight biodiesel was used instead of diesel fuel, maximum engine power decreased to 5.6%, while fuel consumption increased up to 7%. However, taking into consideration the Second Law of the Thermodynamics, the exergy efficiency and unitary exergetic cost reached during the operation of the engine under maximum power condition for the assessed fuels do not display significant differences. Based on the exergy results, it may be concluded that olive–pomace oil biodiesel and its blends with diesel fuel may substitute the use of diesel fuel in compression ignition engines without any exergy cost increment.

I. López; C.E. Quintana; J.J. Ruiz; F. Cruz-Peragón; M.P. Dorado

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Technical Information Exchange on Pyrolysis Oil: Potential for a Renewab;e Heating Oil Substation Fuel in New England  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

This report summarizes the results of an information exchange sponsored by the DOE/EERE Bioenergy Technologies Office in Manchester, New Hampshire, on May 9-10, 2012. The participand identifies top challenges regarding feedstocks and production, logistics and compatibility, and operational issues, then prioritized next steps for expanding use of pyrolysis oil as a replacement for home heating oil in the Northeast

288

Reduction of fuel consumption  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Replacing standard oil pumps with bypass control by regulated oil pumps with variable oil pressure which adapt their variable oil pumping quantity to the engine oil pressure requirements promises reductions in fuel

Dieter Voigt

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Dakota Incentives and Laws Dakota Incentives and Laws The following is a list of expired, repealed, and archived incentives, laws, regulations, funding opportunities, or other initiatives related to alternative fuels and vehicles, advanced technologies, or air quality. Biofuels Infrastructure Grants Expired: 04/30/2013 Through the Biofuels Blender Pump Program, the North Dakota Department of Commerce offers cost-share grants of up to $5,000 per fueling pump, up to $20,000 per retail location, to motor fuel retailers who install qualified biofuel blender pumps and associated equipment. Qualified retailers are also eligible for grants of up to $14,000 at each retail location for tanks and piping installed at the same time the blender pump is installed. A qualified ethanol retail blender pump must:

290

April 1, 2013 Dear Prospective Retail Tenant,  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

April 1, 2013 Dear Prospective Retail Tenant, The University of California, San Francisco (UCSF retail space available for lease at our highly populated Parnassus campus. The retail space is located and/or employees. Current Retail Vendors at the Parnassus Campus include: Café Bellini Café Society

Yamamoto, Keith

291

Retail competition in the UK electricity sector  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Retail competition in the UK electricity sector Stephen Littlechild Workshops on Retail Competition Santiago, Chile 16 &17 March 2006 #12;Outline · Why retail competition? · Preparations and large user;Why retail competition? · Wholesale competition to deliver most efficient pattern of generation

Rudnick, Hugh

292

January 30, 2004 Dear Retail Provider  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

January 30, 2004 Dear Retail Provider: Subject: The Power Source Disclosure Program's Annual regarding retail disclosure. All retail providers of electricity including, but not limited to investor information to consumersi . Every retail provider that sells electricity that is consumed in California

293

January 23, 2006 Dear Retail Provider  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

January 23, 2006 Dear Retail Provider: Subject: The Power Source Disclosure Program's Annual regarding retail disclosure. All retail providers of electricity including, but not limited to investor information to consumersi . Every retail provider that sells electricity that is consumed in California

294

February 8, 2002 Dear: Retail Provider  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

February 8, 2002 Dear: Retail Provider: Subject: Power Source Disclosure and Customer Credit dates: Report/Filing Due Date 2001 Annual Retail Providers Report (to Energy Commission) March 1, 2002 regulations regarding retail disclosureii . All retail providers of electricity including - Municipal

295

February 14, 2005 Dear Retail Provider  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

February 14, 2005 Dear Retail Provider: Subject: The Power Source Disclosure Program's Annual regarding retail disclosure. All retail providers of electricity including, but not limited to investor information to consumersi . Every retail provider that sells electricity that is consumed in California

296

February 10, 2003 Dear Retail Provider  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

February 10, 2003 Dear Retail Provider: Subject: Power Source Disclosure and Customer Credit. 1997, ch.796, § 1) and implementing regulations regarding retail disclosure. All retail providers to these requirements. Every retail provider that sells electricity that is consumed in California and makes any claims

297

January 29, 2007 Dear Retail Provider  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

January 29, 2007 Dear Retail Provider: Subject: The Power Source Disclosure Program's Annual regarding retail disclosure. All retail providers of electricity including, but not limited to investor information to consumersi . Every retail provider that sells electricity that is consumed in California

298

Co-Firing Oil Shale with Coal and Other Fuels for Improved Efficiency and Multi-Pollutant Control  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Oil shale is an abundant, undeveloped natural resource which has natural sorbent properties, and its ash has natural cementitious properties. Oil shale may be blended with coal, biomass, municipal wastes, waste tires, or other waste feedstock materials to provide the joint benefit of adding energy content while adsorbing and removing sulfur, halides, and volatile metal pollutants, and while also reducing nitrogen oxide pollutants. Oil shale depolymerization-pyrolysis-devolatilization and sorption scoping studies indicate oil shale particle sorption rates and sorption capacity can be comparable to limestone sorbents for capture of SO2 and SO3. Additionally, kerogen released from the shale was shown to have the potential to reduce NOx emissions through the well established “reburning” chemistry similar to natural gas, fuel oil, and micronized coal. Productive mercury adsorption is also possible by the oil shale particles as a result of residual fixed-carbon and other observed mercury capture sorbent properties. Sorption properties were found to be a function particle heating rate, peak particle temperature, residence time, and gas-phase stoichmetry. High surface area sorbents with high calcium reactivity and with some adsorbent fixed/activated carbon can be produced in the corresponding reaction zones that exist in a standard pulverized-coal or in a fluidized-bed combustor.

Robert A. Carrington; William C. Hecker; Reed Clayson

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

299

Changes in nesting behavior and lipid content of a marine amphipod (Amphithoe valida) to the toxicity of a no. 2 fuel oil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Laboratory cultured amphipods, Amphithoe valida, were exposed to the water soluble fractions (WSF) of a No. 2 fuel oil for 6 days, and then transferred to clean sea water for one week. Survival and nesting behavi...

W.Y. Lee; S.A. Macko; J.A.C. Nicol

1981-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Petroleum hydrocarbon resistance in the marine wormNeanthes arenaceodentata (polychaeta: Annelida), induced by chronic exposure to no. 2 fuel oil  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Three successive generations of the marine polychaetous annelidNeanthes arenaceodentata...taken from a laboratory population, were continuously exposed to one of three sublethal concentrations of No. 2 Fuel Oil w...

S. S. Rossi; J. W. Anderson

1978-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retail fuel oil" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Retail marketing innovation in Spain  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This paper presents a study carried out on innovation within the field of retail marketing. It arises from the limited scientific literature on the subject, given the significant current interest in marketing innovation as a possible solution to confront the new competitive scene in the current economic and social climate. The database utilised was provided by PITEC 2008 (June 2010). The main findings highlight that retail marketing innovation is in an initial phase; turnover, export activities and internal R&D appear to be the characteristics that make retailers more likely to develop marketing innovations.

Natalia Medrano-Sáez; Mª Cristina Olarte-Pascual

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

Advertising tracking for retailers: helping retailers assess advertising performance  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Retailers are increasingly turning towards using advertising to affect long-term image. Thus measuring ... decreases is no real indicator of whether the advertising works or not as intended. This paper ... monito...

P. Carter

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Development, Application and Performance of Venturi Register L. E. A. Burner System for Firing Oil and Gas Fuels  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

DEVELOPMENT, APPLICATION AND PERFORMANCE OF VENTURI REGISTER L. E. A. BURNER SYSTEM FOR FIRING OIL AND GAS FUELS A. D. Cawte CEA Combustion, Inc. Stamford, Connecticut INTRODUCTION The effect of reducing excess air as a means of curtailing..., extensive investigation work was undertaken us ing the water analog model techniques developed by Associated British Combustion for burner design. The development work resulted in the burner design known today as the Venturi Register, LEA (low excess air...

Cawte, A. D.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Competitiveness of Wind Power with the Conventional Thermal Power Plants Using Oil and Natural Gas as Fuel in Pakistan  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract The fossil fuels mainly imported oil and natural gas are major sources of electricity generation in Pakistan. The combustion of fossil fuels in thermal power plants has greater environmental impacts like air pollution and global warming. Additionally, the import of oil is a heavy burden on the poor economy of the country. Pakistan is a country with huge renewable sources; wind energy being the major one. This paper elucidate the cost-competitiveness of wind power with the conventional thermal power plants. In this regard, Levelized estimated cost of a 15MW wind power plant is compared with three types of conventional thermal power plants, namely (i) Oil-fired thermal power plant (ii) Natural gas-fire combine cycle power plant (iii) Diesel oil- fired gas turbine cycle 100MW each. The results show that the cost of wind energy is lowest with Rs. 3/kWh. It is concluded that the wind power is cost-competitive to the conventional thermal power plants in Pakistan. The cost estimation for wind energy is lowest of all others with Rs. 3/kWh.

A. Mengal; M.A. Uqaili; K. Harijan; Abdul Ghafoor Memon

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Simulation of detonation of ammonium nitrate fuel oil mixture confined by aluminum: edge angles for DSD  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Non-ideal high explosives are typically porous, low-density materials with a low detonation velocity (3--5 km/s) and long detonation reaction zone ({approx} cms). As a result, the interaction of a non-ideal high explosive with an inert confiner can be markedly different than for a conventional high explosive. Issues arise, for example, with light stiff confiners where the confiner can drive the high explosive (HE) through a Prandtl-Meyer fan at the HE/confiner interface rather than the HE driving the confiner. For a non-ideal high explosive confined by a high sound speed inert such that the detonation velocity is lower than the inert sound speed, the flow is subsonic and thus shockless in the confiner. In such cases, the standard detonation shock dynamics methodology, which requires a positive edge-angle be specified at the HE/confiner interface in order that the detonation shape be divergent, cannot be directly utilized. In order to study how detonation shock dynamics can be utilized in such cases, numerical simulations of the detonation of ammonium nitrate-fuel oil (ANFO) confined by aluminum 6061 are conducted.

Short, Mark [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Quirk, James J [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Kiyanda, Charles B [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Jackson, Scott I [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Briggs, Matthew E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Shinas, Micheal A [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

306

Oil and Gas Wells: Rules Relating to Spacing, Pooling, and Unitization  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Wells: Rules Relating to Spacing, Pooling, and Wells: Rules Relating to Spacing, Pooling, and Unitization (Minnesota) Oil and Gas Wells: Rules Relating to Spacing, Pooling, and Unitization (Minnesota) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Low-Income Residential Schools Retail Supplier Institutional Multi-Family Residential Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Transportation Program Info State Minnesota Program Type Siting and Permitting The Department of Natural Resources is given the authority to create and promulgate regulations related to spacing, pooling, and utilization of oil

307

Chemical Kinetic Modeling of Fuels  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

petroleum based fuels * Non-petroleum based fuels: - Biodiesel and new generation biofuels - Fischer-Tropsch (F-T) fuels - Oil sand derived fuels Reduce mechanisms for...

308

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel License  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Fuel Fuel License to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel License on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel License on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel License on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel License on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel License on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel License on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Alternative Fuel License Alternative fuel providers, bulk users, and retailers, or any person who fuels an alternative fuel vehicle from a private source that does not pay

309

Pilot-scale testing of a fuel oil-explosives cofiring process for recovering energy from waste explosives: Final report  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The US Army generates and stores a significant quantity of explosives and explosive-related materials that do not meet specifications for their primary use. Current explosives disposal processes do not recover any resources from these materials. The heat of combustion of these materials is typically 9 to 15 kJ/g (4000 to 6500 Btu/lb), which is 21 to 33% of the high heating value of No. 2 fuel oil. One secondary use for explosives is to cofire them with other fuels to recover their energy content. Bench-scale testing has shown that cofiring is feasible and safe within certain guidelines. To further evaluate cofiring, a proof-of-principle test was conducted in a 300-kW (10/sup 6/ Btu/h) combustion chamber. The test program was discontinued before completion because of failures largely unrelated to the explosives contained in the fuel. This report presents the results of the proof-of-principle tests, as well as design and operational changes that would eliminate problems encountered during the course of the test program. It is clearly feasible to cofire explosives and fuel oil. However, more data are needed before the process can be tested in a production boiler, furnace, or incinerator. 20 refs., 14 figs., 9 tabs.

Bradshaw, W.M.

1988-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

is defined as a renewable transportation fuel, transportation fuel additive, heating oil, or jet fuel that meets the definition of either biodiesel or non-ester renewable...

311

Oil and Gas Commission General Rules and Regulations Continued(Arkansas) |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Oil and Gas Commission General Rules and Regulations Oil and Gas Commission General Rules and Regulations Continued(Arkansas) Oil and Gas Commission General Rules and Regulations Continued(Arkansas) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Municipal/Public Utility Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Utility Program Info State Arkansas Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider Department of Natural Resources The General Rules have been adopted by the Oil and Gas Commission in accordance with applicable state law requirements and are General Rules of state-wide application, applying to the conservation and prevention of waste of crude oil and natural gas in the State of Arkansas and protection

312

Workbook Contents  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Residual Fuel Oil Retail Sales by All Sellers (Dollars per Gallon)","New Mexico Residual Fuel Oil Retail Sales by All Sellers (Dollars per Gallon)","Texas Residual...

313

Secure Fuels from Domestic Resources The Continuing Evolution of America’s Oil Shale and Tar  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

domestic oil shale and tar sands industries since the first release and to include profiles of additional

Sands Industries

314

A BREAF OVERVIEW OF MOTOR FUELS FROM SHALE OIL OF KUKERSITE  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

conventional oil) have existed since before World War II. While long-term full-scale applications had in most

V. Oja

315

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Labeling Requirement  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Alternative Fuel Alternative Fuel Labeling Requirement to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Labeling Requirement on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Labeling Requirement on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Labeling Requirement on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Labeling Requirement on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Labeling Requirement on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Labeling Requirement on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Alternative Fuel Labeling Requirement Alternative fuel retailers must label retail dispensing units with the

316

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Tax Exemption  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Fuel Tax Fuel Tax Exemption to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Tax Exemption on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Tax Exemption on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Tax Exemption on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Tax Exemption on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Tax Exemption on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuel Tax Exemption on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Alternative Fuel Tax Exemption The retail sale, use, storage, and consumption of alternative fuels is exempt from the state retail sales and use tax. (Reference North Carolina

317

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

transportation corporation to fuel a vehicle used for public transportation is exempt from the state gross retail tax until December 31, 2017. (Reference Indiana Code 6-2.5-5-27...

318

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

to a facility so that it may sell diesel fuel containing at least 2% biodiesel or green diesel. A retailer may only claim the credit for up to five years and is limited to...

319

Fuel Mix Disclosure  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

California's retail electricity suppliers must disclose to all customers the fuel mix used in the generation of electricity. Utilities must use a standard label created by the California Energy...

320

Heavy fuel oil fired CHP plant -- Impact on environment: Case Germany  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

In 1995 Waertsilae NSD Finland Oy got the order to build a 14 MWe CHP (simultaneous heat and power) diesel power plant for Cerestar GMBH in Germany. The order consisted of a complete delivery, installation and commissioning of the fuel treatment system, the diesel engine with alternator, the process control system, the exhaust gas cleaning system (SCR and DESOX) and the heat recovery system. The factory producing starch is situated in the city of Krefeld close to Dusseldorf. The process integration of the diesel power plant into the existing factory was done in a close cooperation between the client and Waertsilae and the result is a CHP-plant suiting well into the existing factory. The diesel power plant went into operation in January 1996. The operating experience has been very encouraging, the annual running time is above 8,000 h and by the end of December 1997 about 16,300 running hours had been accumulated. The power plant is fulfilling the strict TA-LUFT emission limits and even half TA-LUFT values regarding NO{sub x} and SO{sub x}. The measured total efficiency of the power plant is above 90%. The choice of the most economical DESOX-method is dependent on several factors: investment and running cost, plant size, environmental legislation requirements, commercially available heavy fuel oil brands, etc. In small diesel plants the NaOH-scrubber is the most competitive desulfurization (DESOX) method, due to the lower investment cost compared to other DESOX-systems. A wet NaOH scrubbers system is installed. The used reagent is an about 50 wt-% aqueous NaOH solution. Low SO{sub x}-emissions of the flue gas is easily achieved by adjusting the pH of the scrubber liquid. The dissolved salt in the generated liquid end-product consists mainly of Na{sub 2}SO{sub 4}, due to the high oxygen content of the diesel flue gas. Running experiences have shown that the installed wet NaOH scrubber is easy to operate and suits the factory in Krefeld well.

Boij, J.

1998-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retail fuel oil" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Urban form and long-term fuel supply decline: A method to investigate the peak oil risks to essential activities  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The issue of a peak in world oil supply has become a mainstream concern over the past several years. The petroleum geology models of post-peak oil production indicate supply declines from 1.5% to 6% per year. Travel requires fuel energy, but current transportation planning models do not include the impacts of constrained fuel supply on private travel demand. This research presents a method to assess the risk to activities due to a constrained fuel supply relative to projected unconstrained travel demand. The method assesses the probability of different levels of fuel supply over a given planning horizon, then calculates impact due to the energy supply not meeting the planning expectations. A new travel demand metric which characterizes trips as essential, necessary, and optional to wellbeing is used in the calculation. A case study explores four different urban forms developed from different future growth options for the urban development strategy of Christchurch, New Zealand to 2041. Probable fuel supply availability was calculated, and the risk to transport activities in the 2041 transport model was assessed. The results showed all the urban forms had significantly reduced trip numbers and lower energy mode distributions from the current planning projections, but the risk to activities differed among the planning options. Density is clearly one of the mitigating factors, but density alone does not provide a solution to reduced energy demand. The method clearly shows how risk to participation in activities is lower for an urban form which has a high degree of human powered and public transport access to multiple options between residential and commercial/industrial/service destinations. This analysis has led to new thinking about adaptation and reorganization of urban forms as a strategy for energy demand reduction rather than just densification.

Susan Krumdieck; Shannon Page; André Dantas

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

322

Performance, emission and combustion characteristics of DI diesel engine running on blends of calophyllum inophyllum linn oil (honne oil)/diesel fuel/kerosene  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Kerosene (K)/diesel fuel (D)/honne oil (H) blends have a potential to improve the performance and emissions and to be alternatives to neat diesel fuel (ND) and has not been reported in the literature. Experiments have been conducted on DI diesel engine when fuelled with ND, H10 (10%H + 90%D, by volume) to H30, HK10 (10%H + 45%K + 45%D), HK20 (20%H + 40%K + 40%D) and HK30 (30%H + 35%K + 35%D). The emissions [CO, HC and smoke density (SD)] of fuel blend HK20 are found to be lowest, with CO and HC dropping significantly. The NOx level is higher with HK10 to HK30 compared to ND and H10 to H30. The brake thermal efficiency of HK10 to HK30 is almost the same and it is higher as compared to ND and H10 to H30. There is a good trade off between NOx and SD. Peak cylinder pressure and premixed combustion phase increases as kerosene content increases.

B.K. Venkanna; C. Venkataramana Reddy

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Residential heating oil prices decline  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

propane price increase slightly The average retail price for propane is 2.41 per gallon, up 1-tenth of a cent from last week, based on the residential heating fuel survey by the...

324

Production of hydrogen, liquid fuels, and chemicals from catalytic processing of bio-oils  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Disclosed herein is a method of generating hydrogen from a bio-oil, comprising hydrogenating a water-soluble fraction of the bio-oil with hydrogen in the presence of a hydrogenation catalyst, and reforming the water-soluble fraction by aqueous-phase reforming in the presence of a reforming catalyst, wherein hydrogen is generated by the reforming, and the amount of hydrogen generated is greater than that consumed by the hydrogenating. The method can further comprise hydrocracking or hydrotreating a lignin fraction of the bio-oil with hydrogen in the presence of a hydrocracking catalyst wherein the lignin fraction of bio-oil is obtained as a water-insoluble fraction from aqueous extraction of bio-oil. The hydrogen used in the hydrogenating and in the hydrocracking or hydrotreating can be generated by reforming the water-soluble fraction of bio-oil.

Huber, George W; Vispute, Tushar P; Routray, Kamalakanta

2014-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

325

Effect of Fuel Injection Timing on the Emissions of a Direct-Injection (DI) Diesel Engine Fueled with Canola Oil Methyl Ester?Diesel Fuel Blends  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

(3, 4) A lot of researchers have reported that using biodiesel as a fuel in diesel engines causes a diminution in harmful exhaust emissions as well as equivalent engine performance with diesel fuel. ... Engine tests have been carried out with the aim of obtaining comparative measures of torque, power, specific fuel consumption and emissions such as CO, smoke d. and NOx to evaluate and compute the behavior of the diesel engine running on the above-mentioned fuels. ... Ma, Z.; Huang, Z. H.; Li, C.; Wang, X. B.; Miao, H.Effects of fuel injection timing on combustion and emission characteristics of a diesel engine fueled with diesel?propane blends Energy Fuels 2007, 21 ( 3) 1504– 1510 ...

Cenk Sayin; Metin Gumus; Mustafa Canakci

2010-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

326

Nonmetallic Mining Reclamation; Oil and Gas (Wisconsin) | Department of  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Nonmetallic Mining Reclamation; Oil and Gas (Wisconsin) Nonmetallic Mining Reclamation; Oil and Gas (Wisconsin) Nonmetallic Mining Reclamation; Oil and Gas (Wisconsin) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Developer Fed. Government Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Institutional Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Low-Income Residential Multi-Family Residential Municipal/Public Utility Nonprofit Residential Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Schools State/Provincial Govt Systems Integrator Transportation Tribal Government Utility Program Info Start Date 1995 State Wisconsin Program Type Siting and Permitting Provider Department of Natural Resources These regulations describe standards relevant to reclamation that must be followed both during and after the completion of mining in a given area. An

327

Oil and Gas Exploration (Connecticut) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Exploration (Connecticut) Exploration (Connecticut) Oil and Gas Exploration (Connecticut) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Low-Income Residential Schools Retail Supplier Institutional Multi-Family Residential Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Transportation Program Info State Connecticut Program Type Siting and Permitting These regulations apply to activities conducted for the purpose of obtaining geological, geophysical, or geochemical information about oil or gas including seismic activities but excluding exploratory well drilling or aerial surveys. Such exploration for oil or gas must be registered with the

328

Usage of Fuel Mixtures Containing Ethanol and Rapeseed Oil Methyl Esters in a Diesel Engine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

However, its use in the diesel engine cycle is hampered by the poor motor-fueling characteristics of lower alcohols and, primarily, the limited solubility of ethanol in fossil diesel fuel and its low self-ignition characteristics. ... Coefficient ? = Gair/(GfL0) estimates air supply into a diesel engine cylinder (indicator process), taking into account the differences of stoichiometric ratio L0 of the tested fuels, caused by the increase of the E portion in the RME?E mixture (Gair is air consumption, and Gf is fuel consumption). ... Future research will concentrate on the analysis of fuel injection and heat release rate characteristics in a cylinder, while a diesel engine is running on biodiesel fuels RME?E, and also on the operational parameters of diesel engines when fossil diesel fuel is replaced with three-component fuels D?RME?E. ...

Sergejus Lebedevas; Galina Lebedeva; Violeta Makareviciene; Prutenis Janulis; Egle Sendzikiene

2008-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

329

CPL Retail Energy, LP | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

CPL Retail Energy, LP Jump to: navigation, search Name: CPL Retail Energy, LP Place: Texas References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1a1 EIA Form 861 Data...

330

Public Health Policy For Internet Cigarette Retailers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Internet cigarette retailers to avoid local cigarette prices); see also National Household Survey on Drug Abuse,Internet cigarette retailers to avoid local cigarette prices); see also National Household Survey on Drug Abuse,

Banthin, Christopher

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Research Brief 1 Retail Buyer Decision Making Retail Buyer Decision Making  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Research Brief 1 Retail Buyer Decision Making Retail Buyer Decision Making Pamela J. Brown, Ph prepared to acquaint extension agents with the process and responsibilities of buying for a retail business, current research topics concerning retail buyers, and specifically with apparel buying. This research

332

college of hospitality, retail and sport management college of hospitality, retail and sport management  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

college of hospitality, retail and sport management #12;college of hospitality, retail and sport management "We believe in our vision: The College of Hospitality, Retail and Sport Management prepares is represented by majors at the College of Hospitality, Retail and Sport Management (HRSM). That's a level

Almor, Amit

333

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Carolina Incentives and Laws Carolina Incentives and Laws The following is a list of expired, repealed, and archived incentives, laws, regulations, funding opportunities, or other initiatives related to alternative fuels and vehicles, advanced technologies, or air quality. Biofuels Retail Incentive Expired: 06/30/2012 Ethanol retailers selling fuel blends of at least 70% ethanol (E70) are eligible for a $0.05 incentive per gallon of ethanol blended fuel sold, provided that the fuel is subject to the South Carolina motor fuel user fee. Additionally, biodiesel retailers are eligible for a $0.25 incentive per gallon of biodiesel (B100) sold as pure biodiesel or as part of a biodiesel blend, provided that the blend contains at least 2% biodiesel (B2). These incentives apply only to fuel sold before July 1, 2012.

334

Projections of Full-Fuel-Cycle Energy and Emissions Metrics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Adam R. 2008. “Converting Oil Shale to Liquid Fuels: Energyshale gas, tight oil, oil shale, and tar (bitumen) sands. In

Coughlin, Katie

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Characteristics of the performance and emissions of a HSDI diesel engine running with cottonseed oil or its methyl ester and their blends with diesel fuel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

An experimental study has been conducted to evaluate the use of various blends of cottonseed oil or its methyl ester (bio-diesel) with diesel fuel, in blend ratios from 10/90 up to 100/0, in a fully instrumented, four-stroke, High Speed Direct Injection (HSDI), Ricardo/Cussons 'Hydra' diesel engine. The tests were conducted using each of the above fuel blends or neat fuels, with the engine working at a medium and a high load. Volumetric fuel consumption, exhaust smokiness and exhaust-regulated gas emissions such as nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide and unburnt hydrocarbons were measured. The differences in the performance and exhaust emissions from the baseline operation of the engine, that is, when working with neat diesel fuel, were determined and compared, as well as the differences between cottonseed oil or its methyl ester and their blends. Theoretical aspects of diesel engine combustion were used to aid the correct interpretation of the engine behaviour.

Constantine D. Rakopoulos; Kimon A. Antonopoulos; Dimitrios C. Rakopoulos; Emmanuel C. Kakaras; Efthimios G. Pariotis

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

"Code(a)","Subsector and Industry","Source(b)","Electricity(c)","Fuel Oil","Fuel Oil(d)","Natural Gas(e)","NGL(f)","Coal","and Breeze","Other(g)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3.4 Relative Standard Errors for Table 3.4;" 3.4 Relative Standard Errors for Table 3.4;" " Unit: Percents." " "," "," ",," "," "," "," "," "," "," ",," " " "," ","Any" "NAICS"," ","Energy","Net","Residual","Distillate",,"LPG and",,"Coke"," " "Code(a)","Subsector and Industry","Source(b)","Electricity(c)","Fuel Oil","Fuel Oil(d)","Natural Gas(e)","NGL(f)","Coal","and Breeze","Other(g)" ,,"Total United States"

337

"Code(a)","Subsector and Industry","Source(b)","Fuel Oil","Fuel Oil(c)","Natural Gas(d)","NGL(e)","Coal","and Breeze","Other(f)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2.4 Relative Standard Errors for Table 2.4;" 2.4 Relative Standard Errors for Table 2.4;" " Unit: Percents." " "," "," "," "," "," "," "," "," "," ",," " " "," ","Any Combustible" "NAICS"," ","Energy","Residual","Distillate",,"LPG and",,"Coke"," " "Code(a)","Subsector and Industry","Source(b)","Fuel Oil","Fuel Oil(c)","Natural Gas(d)","NGL(e)","Coal","and Breeze","Other(f)" ,,"Total United States" 311,"Food",27.5,"X",42,39.5,62,"X",0,9.8

338

"Characteristic(a)","Total(b)","Electricity(c)","Fuel Oil","Fuel Oil(d)","Natural Gas(e)","NGL(f)","Coal","Breeze","Other(g)","Produced Onsite(h)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1.3 Relative Standard Errors for Table 1.3;" 1.3 Relative Standard Errors for Table 1.3;" " Unit: Percents." " "," "," "," "," "," "," "," "," "," " " "," ",," "," ",," "," ",," ","Shipments" "Economic",,"Net","Residual","Distillate",,"LPG and",,"Coke and"," ","of Energy Sources" "Characteristic(a)","Total(b)","Electricity(c)","Fuel Oil","Fuel Oil(d)","Natural Gas(e)","NGL(f)","Coal","Breeze","Other(g)","Produced Onsite(h)"

339

The effect of low-temperature oxidation on the fuel and produced oil during in situ combustion  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Combustion tube experiments using 10.2{degrees} API crude oil were performed, in which a different sample matrix was used in each run. Three matrix types were tested: sand, sand and clay, and sand and sand fines. As a result of the low fuel concentration, low-temperature oxidation (LTO) was observed in the run where the matrix consisted of sand only. High-temperature oxidation (HTO) was observed in runs where either clay or sand fines were part of the matrix. Ignition was not obtained in the LTO run, which had a reaction front temperature of only 350{degrees}C (662{degrees}F), compared to a combustion front temperature of 500{degrees}C (932{degrees}F) for the HTO runs. From elemental analysis, the fuel during the LTO run was determined to be an oxygenated hydrocarbon with an atomic oxygen-carbon ratio of 0.3.

Mamora, D.D. [Texas A& M Univ., College Station, TX (United States); Brigham, W.E. [Stanford Univ., CA (United States)

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Life Cycle Analysis of the Production of Aviation Fuels Using the CE-CERT Process  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

2 Jet fuel and crude oil price history. From IATA website:oil discovery and fuel production………………………. ……..4 Figure.2: Jet fuel and crude oil price history……………………………. …………

Hu, Sangran

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retail fuel oil" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

CONTROLLER'S OFFICE CAMPUS LIFE SERVICES RETAIL SERVICES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 of 3 CONTROLLER'S OFFICE CAMPUS LIFE SERVICES ­ RETAIL SERVICES CATERING CHARGE PROGRAM DEPARTMENT AGREEMENT 1. BY SIGNING THIS AGREEMENT AS THE DEPARTMENT HEAD, I APPLY for the CLS Retail Services in their records a Retail Services Catering Charge Form for each transaction. The department insures the original

Klein, Ophir

342

CONTROLLER'S OFFICE CAMPUS LIFE SERVICES RETAIL SERVICES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 of 3 CONTROLLER'S OFFICE CAMPUS LIFE SERVICES ­ RETAIL SERVICES CATERING CHARGE PROGRAM POLICY 1 obtain o A charge receipt o An original itemized receipt o A CLS Retail Services Catering Charge Form ! Complete the CLS Retail Services Catering Charge Form ! Obtain appropriate approval signature

Yamamoto, Keith

343

UNDERSTANDING RETAIL PRODUCTIVITY BY SIMULATING MANAGEMENT PRACTICES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

UNDERSTANDING RETAIL PRODUCTIVITY BY SIMULATING MANAGEMENT PRACTICES Peer-Olaf Siebers1 , Uwe and simulation to investigate a set of problems in a retail context. Specifically, we are working to understand the relationship between human resource management practices and retail productivity. Despite the fact we

Aickelin, Uwe

344

Systems Architecture for Pervasive Retail George Roussos  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Systems Architecture for Pervasive Retail George Roussos Birkbeck College Malet Street WC1E 7HX. In this paper we discuss a novel type of retail service based on wireless and mobile technologies, pervasive computing, retail, radio frequency identification, middleware, transcoding, electronic identity. 1

Roussos, George

345

Retail Store Scheduling for Profit Nicolas Chapadosa  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Retail Store Scheduling for Profit Nicolas Chapadosa , Marc Joliveaub , Pierre L'Ecuyera , Louis for retail stores has received relatively scant attention. Current approaches typically attempt to minimize the retail scheduling problem in terms of operating profit maximization, explicitly recognizing the dual role

L'Ecuyer, Pierre

346

Retail Lighting: Title 24 & Technology Update  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Retail Lighting: Title 24 & Technology Update Kelly Cunningham Outreach Director kcunning as an implied endorsement. 10/31/2014 PRESENTATION DISCLAIMERSLIDE 2 #12;Pacific Energy Center H663 Retail, or inspect lighting installations in new and remodeled retail spaces. Those who attend will get to tour CLTC

California at Davis, University of

347

CONTROLLER'S OFFICE CAMPUS LIFE SERVICES RETAIL SERVICES  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

1 of 3 CONTROLLER'S OFFICE CAMPUS LIFE SERVICES ­ RETAIL SERVICES CATERING CHARGE PROGRAM DEPARTMENT AGREEMENT 1. BY SIGNING THIS AGREEMENT AS THE DEPARTMENT HEAD, I APPLY for the CLS Retail Services Keeping: The department will prepare and retain in their records a Retail Services Catering Charge Form

Yamamoto, Keith

348

Mining and Gas and Oil Production (North Dakota) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Mining and Gas and Oil Production (North Dakota) Mining and Gas and Oil Production (North Dakota) Mining and Gas and Oil Production (North Dakota) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Low-Income Residential Schools Retail Supplier Institutional Multi-Family Residential Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Transportation Savings Category Buying & Making Electricity Program Info State North Dakota Program Type Siting and Permitting This chapter of the North Dakota Code contains provisions for oil, gas, and coal mining and the development of geothermal resources. This chapter

349

Biodegradation of Fuel Oil Hydrocarbons in Soil Contaminated by Oily Wastes Produced During Onshore Drilling Operations  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The petroleum industry generates high amount of oily wastes during drilling, storage and refining operations. Onshore drilling operations produce oil based wastes, typically 100–150m-3 well. The drilling cuttings...

Qaude-Henri Chaîneau; Jean-Louis Morel; Jean Oudot

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Risk-Cost Tradeoff Analysis of Oil vs. Coal Fuels for Power Generation  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study examines the economic requirements and health consequences of converting an electrical power generating unit from oil to coal combustion at the West Springfield, MA Generating Station. Three alterna...

Lawrence B. Gratt; Gregory S. Kowalczyk

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

The calm before the storm. [Retail wheeling  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The right to refuse retail wheeling requests is one of the cornerstones of a utility's monopoly power. Utilities have fought staunchly to preserve it, most recently in preventing retail wheeling from becoming an important issue in the congressional debate over deregulation; the Energy Policy Act of 1992 steered clear of it. For the present, the prohibition of retail wheeling gives utilities enormous power over the retail electric power market. The ability to refuse retail wheeling requests, of course, prevents retail customers from buying power from third parties. This enables a utility to sell retail customers all the power it can generate, at a price that covers its cost plus an allowed return-even if its price exceeds that of power available in the wholesale market. The denial of retail wheeling thus protects a utility's inefficiencies, whose price is ultimately shouldered onto customers through cost-plus electric rates. Allowing retail wheeling would remove the foundation for much of the current monopoly power that utilities enjoy. Third parties could sell power to a utility's retail customers, since the utility would be required to wheel it. Retail customers would be able to bypass the local distribution utility to buy power from the cheapest source available. Market forces would drive pricing rather than the cost-plus ratemaking process. A utility whose electric rates were above market would have to meet the competitive price or lose sales.

Studness, C.M.

1993-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

352

Customer and retailer rebates under risk aversion  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In a supply chain setting, we analyze a manufacturer's customer and retailer rebates, which are sales incentives offered to the end buyers and retailers, respectively. The performance of both rebates is influenced by the retailer's objective and response to the promotion due to his intermediary position in the channel. Earlier studies investigating rebates in distribution channels have traditionally assumed that the retailer is risk neutral with the objective of maximizing expected profits. In our paper, we consider a risk-averse retailer. We formally model risk aversion by adopting the Conditional-Value-at-Risk (CVaR) decision criterion. Using a stochastic and (effective) price dependent demand, we analyze the manufacturer's rebate amount decisions and the retailer's joint inventory and pricing decisions in a game theoretical framework. We provide several structural properties of the objective functions and show monotonicity of the retailer's decisions in the degree of risk aversion. For the case of retailer rebates, we characterize the unique equilibrium, and for the case of customer rebates, we prove the existence of an equilibrium. Using numerical examples, we provide further insights on the impact of risk aversion. For example, given an exogenous wholesale price, we observe a threshold value on the retailer's risk-aversion parameter below (above) which the manufacturer is better off with retailer rebates (customer rebates); implying that the manufacturer's preferred rebate type can be different depending on whether the retailer is risk neutral or sufficiently risk averse.

Ozgun Caliskan-Demirag; Youhua (Frank) Chen; Jianbin Li

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Category:StandAloneRetail | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

StandAloneRetail StandAloneRetail Jump to: navigation, search Go Back to PV Economics By Building Type Media in category "StandAloneRetail" The following 77 files are in this category, out of 77 total. SVStandAloneRetail Atlantic City NJ Public Service Elec & Gas Co.png SVStandAloneRetail Atl... 63 KB SVStandAloneRetail Bismarck ND Montana-Dakota Utilities Co (North Dakota).png SVStandAloneRetail Bis... 70 KB SVStandAloneRetail Burlington VT Central Vermont Pub Serv Corp.png SVStandAloneRetail Bur... 68 KB SVStandAloneRetail Cedar City UT Moon Lake Electric Assn Inc (Utah).png SVStandAloneRetail Ced... 57 KB SVStandAloneRetail Charleston SC South Carolina Electric&Gas Co.png SVStandAloneRetail Cha... 67 KB SVStandAloneRetail Cheyenne WY Powder River Energy Corporation.png

354

DURABILITY OF VERY LOW CAPACITY PRESSURE ATOMIZED FUEL NOZZLES USED WITH LOW FIRING RATE RESIDENTIAL OIL BURNERS.  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), working for the United States Department of Energy (DOE), has conducted a preliminary evaluation of the potential of very low fuel input capacity Simplex type pressure atomizing nozzles for use with oil burners designed for residential boilers, furnaces and water heaters. These nozzles under suitable conditions can be sufficiently reliable to enable new heating system designs. This would allow for the design of heating appliances that match the smaller load demands of energy efficient homes built with modern components and architectural systems designed to minimize energy use. When heating systems are installed with excessive capacity, oversized by three to four times the load, the result is a loss of up to ten percent as compared to the rated appliance efficiency. The use of low capacity nozzles in systems designed to closely match the load can thereby result in significant energy savings. BNL investigated the limitations of low flow rate nozzles and designed long-term experiments to see if ways could be determined that would be beneficial to long-term operation at low input capacities without failures. In order to maximize the potential for success the best possible industry practices available were employed. Low flow rate nozzles primarily fail by blockage or partial blockage of internal fuel flow passages inside the nozzle. To prevent any contaminants from entering the nozzle BNL investigated the geometry and critical dimensions and the current sate of the art of fuel filter design. Based on this investigation it was concluded that the best available filters should be more than capable of filtering contaminants from the fuel prior to entering the oil burner itself. This position was indeed validated based on the long-term trials conducted under this study no evidence resulted to change our position. It is highly recommended that these filters rated at 10 microns and with large filter capacity (surface area), should be used with all oil burner installations. The other possible failure mode had been attributed to fuel degradation and this became the main focus of the evaluation. The degradation of fuel usually occurs faster under higher temperature conditions. To preclude this as much as possible controls that provided for a post-purge of combustion airflow after burner shut down were selected. This provided a short period of time where the burner's combustion air blower continues to operate after the flame has gone out. This tends to cool the nozzle and in turn the fuel inside the small flow pathways inside the nozzle components. This study concludes that the use of low capacity nozzles is possible but only when the temperature and thermal mass environment of the combustion chamber result in a relatively ''cool'' condition. This was accomplished in one long-term experiment that essentially operated for a full heating season equivalent with no evidence of nozzle plugging or failure. The nozzle body surface temperature was kept at or below 150 F during the duration of the trial. On the other hand, a second system was studied that ended in a partial nozzle blockage and a system failure. In this ''hot environment'' system the nozzle body temperature reached 210 F. This occurred at close to a full heating season equivalent, yet it still would have resulted in a no-heat complaint by the homeowner.

MCDONALD,R.J.

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

retrofitted with an auxiliary fuel tank to enable the use of biodiesel, waste vegetable oil, or straight vegetable oil. Eligible buses must pass inspection in accordance with the...

356

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Biodiesel Tax Exemption Biodiesel producers that produce biodiesel from waste vegetable oil feedstock are exempt from the state special fuel tax. Waste vegetable oil is used...

357

Preparation of liquid motor fuel components from oil shale gasification products  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The gasification of shale from two domestic deposits (Kashpirskoe and Leningradskoe) and the subsequent transformation of the products of this process into the components of liquid motor fuels were studied.

B. I. Katorgin; A. L. Lapidus

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Building Consumer Trust in Pervasive Retail George Roussos  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Building Consumer Trust in Pervasive Retail George Roussos November 24, 2004 Abstract At the core retail and discuss approaches that can help develop consumer trust in RFID-based systems. Contents 1 4 Revisting the Retail Experience 5 5 Ubiquitous Retail Usage Scenarios 7 6 Ubiquitous Retail Case

Roussos, George

359

Effects of alternate fuels report No. 8: analysis of degradiation of magnesia-based refractory bricks from a residual oil-fired rotary cement kiln  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Residual oil was used as an alternate fuel to natural gas to supply heat in a rotary cement kiln. Principal impurities in the residual oil were Ca, Fe, Mg, Na, Ni, P.S. and V. the kiln operators were concerned about the effects of these oil impurities on observed degradation of the magnesia-based bricks used as a liner in the burning zone of the kiln. Two degraded bricks, which had been in service for six to nine months, were analyzed to determine the role of fuel impurities on the observed degradation. The maximum hot-face temperature of the refractory during service was about 1500/sup 0/C. One brick had decreased in thickness about 45%, the about 15%. Various analytical measurements on these samples failed to reveal the presence of fuel impurities at or near the hot face of the bricks, and therefore it is concluded that the relatively short service life of these refractories was not due to use of residual oil as the fuel in the kiln. The observed degradation, therefore, was attributed to other reactions and to thermal mechanical conditions in the kiln, which inevitably resulted in extensive erosion of the bricks.

Federer, J.I.; Tennery, V.J.

1980-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Performance Evaluation of Fuel Blends Containing Croton Oil, Butanol, and Diesel in a Compression Ignition Engine  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

† Department of Mechanical Engineering, Tshwane University of Technology, Private Bag X680, Pretoria 0001, South Africa ... (2) The use of vegetable oils in diesel engines is as old as the diesel engine itself. ... The results indicate a general increase in NOx emissions as the load increases at a steady engine speed. ...

Frank Lujaji; Akos Bereczky; Makame Mbarawa

2010-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retail fuel oil" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Assessment of the effect of low viscosity oils usage on a light duty diesel engine fuel consumption in stationary and transient conditions  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Regarding the global warming due to CO2 emissions, the crude oil depletion and its corresponding rising prices, \\{OEMs\\} are exploring different solutions to increase the internal combustion engine efficiency, among which, the use of Low Viscosity Oils (LVO) represents one attractive cost-effective way to accomplish this goal. Reported in terms of fuel consumption, the effect of LVO is round 2%, depending on the test conditions, especially if the test has taken place in laboratory or “on road” conditions. This study presents the fuel consumption benefits of a commercial 5W20, compared against higher SAE grade oils, on a light duty diesel engine, when it is running under motored test, stationary fired test and the New European Driving Cycle (NEDC).

Vicente Macián; Bernardo Tormos; Vicente Bermúdez; Leonardo Ramírez

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Retail Price Changes Lag Spot Prices  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1 1 Notes: While EIA cannot claim to explain all of the factors that drive retail gasoline prices, we have had a fair amount of success in exploring the relationship between wholesale and retail prices. In particular, we have looked closely at the "pass-through" of changes in spot prices to the retail market. This graph shows a weighted national average of spot prices for regular gasoline -both conventional and reformulated (shown in red), and EIA's weekly survey price for retail regular (again both conventional and reformulated). As you can see, spot prices tend to be more volatile (and would be even more so on a daily basis), while these changes are smoother by the time they reach the retail pump. Furthermore, by looking at the peaks, you can see the retail prices seem to lag the spot price changes

363

Projections of Full-Fuel-Cycle Energy and Emissions Metrics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Adam R. 2008. “Converting Oil Shale to Liquid Fuels: Energyshale gas, tight oil, oil shale, and tar (bitumen) sands. Inunconventional (tar sands or shale oil) being more energy

Coughlin, Katie

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Projections of Full-Fuel-Cycle Energy and Emissions Metrics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

from Conventional Oil Production and Oil Sands. ” Environ.6 Forecasts of Canadian oil production published in 2006 andPetroleum Fuels The oil production chain is similar to

Coughlin, Katie

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Oil-Free Centrifugal Hydrogen Compression Technology Demonstration - DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program FY 2012 Annual Progress Report  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

0 0 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program FY 2012 Annual Progress Report Hooshang Heshmat Mohawk Innovative Technology, Inc. (MiTi) 1037 Watervliet Shaker Road Albany, NY 12205 Phone: (518) 862-4290 Email: HHeshmat@miti.cc DOE Managers HQ: Erika Sutherland Phone: (202) 586-3152 Email: Erika.Sutherland@ee.doe.gov GO: Katie Randolph Phone: (720) 356-1759 Email: Katie.Randolph@go.doe.gov Contract Number: DE-FG36-08GO18060 Subcontractor: Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd, Compressor Corporation, Hiroshima, Japan Project Start Date: September 25, 2008 Project End Date: May 30, 2013 Fiscal Year (FY) 2012 Objectives Design a reliable and cost-effective centrifugal compressor for hydrogen pipeline transport and delivery: Eliminate sources of oil/lubricant contamination * Increase efficiency by using high rotational speeds *

366

Evaluation of a zirconium additive for the mitigation of molten ash formation during combustion of residual fuel oil  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Florida Power & Light Company (FP&L) currently fires a residual fuel oil (RFO) containing catalyst fines, which results in a troublesome black aluminosilicate liquid phase that forms on heat-transfer surfaces, remains molten, and flows to the bottom of the boiler. When the unit is shut down for a scheduled outage, this liquid phase freezes to a hard black glass that damages the contracting waterwalls of the boiler. Cleaning the boiler bottom and repairing damaged surfaces increase the boiler downtime, at a significant cost to FP&L. The Energy & Environmental Research Center (EERC) proposed to perform a series of tests for FP&L to evaluate the effectiveness of a zirconium additive to modify the mechanism that forms this liquid phase, resulting in the formation of a dry refractory phase that may be easily handled during cleanup of the boiler.

NONE

1996-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Biodiesel production from Stauntonia chinensis seed oil (waste from food processing): Heterogeneous catalysis by modified calcite, biodiesel purification, and fuel properties  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract In the present research, the potential of Stauntonia chinensis (SC) seed oil obtained from processing waste was investigated for the first time as biodiesel feedstock, including physicochemical properties of the oil, the heterogeneous catalysis process, purification, and fuel properties. A 29.37 ± 0.64 wt.% of oil content and 2.41 mg KOH/g of acid value was found. Under the optimised reaction conditions in the presence of modified calcite, an 88.02% of yield and a 98.90 wt.% of FAME content were achieved. According to EN 14124 (2012), SC biodiesel exhibited superior fuel properties compared to the most of other feedstock oils since it had an ideal fatty acid composition (low Cn:0 (8.06 wt.%), high Cn:1 (80.16 wt.%), and low Cn:2,3 (8.45 wt.%)). It was absolutely vital that the use of SC seed oil as a biodiesel feedstock would not compete with its use in food. In summary, SC seed oil should be recommended as a promising feedstock for biodiesel.

Rui Wang; Lili Sun; Xiaolin Xie; Lizhi Ma; Zhigang Liu; Xiaoyan Liu; Ning Ji; Guofang Xie

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Fuel Cell Technologies Overview  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Cells Key Benefits Very High Efficiency Reduced CO 2 Emissions Reduced Oil Use Reduced Air Pollution Fuel Flexibility * 40 - 60% (electrical) * > 70% (electrical, hybrid fuel...

369

At-sea test and demonstration of coal-oil mixture as a marine boiler fuel. part I: shoreside testing. Final report Nov 81-Mar 82  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This report documents laboratory and wear-loop experimental evaluations and a combustion test using a full-scale Marine burner and fuel-supply equipment using a coal/oil mixture (COM). Laboratory work led to selection of a fuel acceptable for use in a shipboard demonstration from six candidate COMs. Significant variations were discovered among these samples, and an appropriate final selection was made for the shipboard tests. This COM was further evaluated during a land-based combustion test using a Marine burner (30 million-Btu/hr scale) installed in an industrial package boiler. Comparative tests using No. 6 fuel oil and the selected COM were performed along with a general shakedown and test run of the pump and heating set designed for the at-sea demonstration. Combustion tests indicated that the replacement of No. 6 fuel oil with the proper COM is quite feasible. However, close attention must be given to the handling and atomization of this fuel. A modified T-jet atomizer performed with acceptable levels of wear, plugging, and ash disposition problems. It was concluded that an at-sea demonstration of the COM should be pursued.

Wagoner, C.L.; Eckhart, C.F.; Clark, G.A.

1982-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Factors affecting robust retail energy markets  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This paper briefly defines an active retail market, details the factors that influence market activity and their relative importance, compares activity in various retail energy markets to date, and predicts future retail energy market activity. Three primary factors translate into high market activity: supplier margins, translated into potential savings for actively shopping customers; market size; and market barriers. The author surveys activity nationwide and predicts hot spots for the coming year.

Michelman, T.S.

1999-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

Coal-water slurry fuel combustion testing in an oil-fired industrial boiler. Semiannual technical progress report, February 15--August 15, 1996  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The project consists of four phases: (1) design, permitting, and test planning, (2) construction and start up, (3) demonstration and evaluation (1,000-hour demonstration), and (4) expanded demonstration and evaluation (installing a CWSF preparation circuit, performing baseline tests firing No. 6 fuel oil, and conducting additional CWSF testing). The boiler testing and evaluation will determine if the CWSF combustion characteristics, heat release rate, fouling and slagging behavior, corrosion and erosion tendencies, and fuel transport, storage, and handling characteristics can be accommodated in a boiler system designed to fire heavy fuel oil. In addition, the proof-of-concept demonstration will generate data to determine how the properties of a CWSF and its parent coal affect boiler performance. The economic factors associated with retrofitting boilers is also evaluated. The first three phases have been completed and the combustion performance of the burner that was provided with the boiler did not meet performance goals. A maximum coal combustion efficiency of 95% (compared to a target of 98%) was achieved and natural gas cofiring (15% of the total thermal input) was necessary to maintain a stable flame. Consequently, the first demonstration was terminated after 500 hours. The second CWSF demonstration (Phase 4) was conducted with a proven coal-designed burner. Prior to starting the second demonstration, a CWSF preparation circuit was constructed to provide flexibility in CWSF production. The circuit initially installed involved single-stage grinding. A regrind circuit was recently installed and was evaluated. A burner was installed from ABB Combustion Engineering (ABB/CE) and was used to generate baseline data firing No. 6 fuel oil and fire CWSF. A temporary storage system for No. 6 fuel oil was installed and modifications to the existing CWSF handling and preheating system were made to accommodate No. 6 oil.

Miller, B.G.; Scaroni, A.W.

1997-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

372

Oil and Gas Commission General Rules and Regulations (Arkansas) |  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Commission General Rules and Regulations (Arkansas) Commission General Rules and Regulations (Arkansas) Oil and Gas Commission General Rules and Regulations (Arkansas) < Back Eligibility Agricultural Commercial Construction Fuel Distributor General Public/Consumer Industrial Installer/Contractor Investor-Owned Utility Local Government Municipal/Public Utility Retail Supplier Rural Electric Cooperative Utility Program Info State Arkansas Program Type Environmental Regulations Siting and Permitting Provider Department of Natural Resources The Oil and Gas Commission General Rules and Regulations are the body of rules and regulations that relate to natural gas production in Arkansas. The statutory law is found Arkansas Code Annotated Title 15 chapter 72. Contained in this summary are the rules and regulations most relevant to

373

RECONCILIATION OF RETAILER CLAIMS, 2000  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to also report generation, fuel type, and fuel type consumed (as a percentage of generation) data to the system operator on a quarterly basis.11 System operators must then make the generation and fuel source to consumers and calculating net system power (a default fuel source mix, established annually by the Energy

374

RECONCILIATION OF RETAILER CLAIMS, 2001  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

to also report generation, fuel type, and fuel type consumed (as a percentage of generation) data to the system operator on a quarterly basis.1 System operators must then make the generation and fuel source to consumers and calculating net system power (a default fuel source mix, established annually by the Energy

375

Competition in a spatial retail petroleum market.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This thesis examines the behaviour of retail petroleum markets, with a case study examining prices in Perth, Australia. The aim of the thesis is two-fold.… (more)

Wills-Johnson, Nick

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Communicating Sustainability through Design within Retail Environments.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??This thesis uses a systematic understanding of sustainability informed by human needs, learning and design theory to explore ways in which small retail environments can… (more)

Hendry, Daniel; Silcox, Lawrence

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Window dressing? Women, careers and retail management.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Via the submission of six published papers, this thesis draws together the body of work by Broadbridge on retail management and women’s careers. It reveals… (more)

Broadbridge, A. (Adelina)

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Retail Demand Response in Southwest Power Pool  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

23 ii Retail Demand Response in SPP List of Figures and10 Figure 3. Demand Response Resources by11 Figure 4. Existing Demand Response Resources by Type of

Bharvirkar, Ranjit

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

379

Credit Price Optimisation within Retail Banking  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Ferguson (2007) bid-response models are presented for customised ... retail credit that is likely to have a significant impact on pricing, see Stiglitz and Weiss (

2013-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

380

A Contrast Between Distillate Fuel Oil Markets in Autumn 1996 and 1997  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Cheryl Cheryl J. Trench, an independent petroleum analyst, contributed to this article. Unless otherwise referenced, data in this article are taken from the following Energy Information Administration sources: Weekly Petroleum Status Report, DOE/EIA-0208; Petroleum Supply Monthly, DOE/EIA-0109; Petroleum Supply Annual, DOE/EIA-0340; Petroleum Marketing Monthly, DOE/EIA-0380; Short-Term Energy Outlook, DOE/EIA-0202; and Short-Term Integrated Forecasting System. 1996 Factor 1997 Record low Previous end-winter stocks In the historical range High Prevailing prices $5/barrel lower (WTI) Falling prices Price expectations (overall) Stable prices Falling prices Price expectations (heating oil) Seasonally higher prices Strong growth Off-season demand Weaker growth Europe out-bidding US World competition for heating oil Europe's markets calm Untested; Trainor

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retail fuel oil" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Coordination of Retail Demand Response with Midwest ISO Markets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

LABORATORY Coordination of Retail Demand Response withXXXXX Coordination of Retail Demand Response with MidwestAC02-05CH11231. Coordination of Retail Demand Response with

Bharvirkar, Ranjit

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

382

Retail Policies and Competition in the Gasoline Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Volume Year Year Direct Retail Daily Vol. Share Rack DailyTotal Volume Year Direct Retail Daily Vol. Share Rack DailyPrice Components Year Retail Price Taxes LA Spot Price

Borenstein, Severin; Bushnell, Jim

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

An assessment of the value of retail ready packaging  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Use of retail-ready packaging reduces the costs of replenishing store shelves by eliminating the labor of removing packaging materials and stocking individual items on shelves. While reducing costs for retailers, retail-ready ...

Jackson, Kathleen Anne

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

The promise of digital technology in brick and mortar retail  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this thesis we discuss the profound impact that technology is having on brick-and-mortar fashion retail. Retailers that (i) understand the implications of these changes and (ii) can adapt their retail business models ...

Chan, José Pablo

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

Investigation on combustion characteristics of crude rice bran oil methyl ester blend as a heavy duty automotive engine fuel  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In the present work, an attempt was made to test the suitability of crude rice bran oil methyl ester (CRBME) blend as a heavy duty automotive engine fuel. A four stroke, six cylinder direct injection 117.6 kW turbo-charged compression ignition (CI) engine was used for the work. The operation of the engine with CRBME blend showed that the peak pressure increased with lower maximum rate of pressure rise and maximum heat release rate with shorter delay period. Burning rate of the CRBME blend was slower and required a higher crank angle to complete the combustion cycle when compared to diesel. The brake thermal efficiency of the CRBME blend was lower than that of diesel at all speeds except at 2300rpm. As the measured combustion and performance parameters for CRBME blend differs only by a smaller magnitude when compared with diesel, this investigation ensures the suitability of the CRBME blend as fuel for heavy duty automotive engine without any design modifications [Received: August 12, 2010; Accepted: August 29, 2010

S. Saravanan; G. Nagarajan; S. Sampath

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Comparison of the combustion behavior of Orimulsion{trademark} and heavy fuel oil in 70 MW flames  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Results of an experimental study are shown in this publication to compare the combustion behavior of heavy fuel oil (HFO) and Orimulsion in 70 MW flames. The investigation was carried out with the use of the combustion test rig at the International Combustion Limited in Derby, UK. The main objective of this test work was to quantify the extent of differences in flame properties, particulate and gaseous emissions of Orimulsion and HFO. Under identical combustion conditions, axial profiles of flame temperature and radiation heat flux were determined at 70 MW thermal input and 1% O{sub 2} for both fuels. Gas compositions at flame tail and furnace exit were obtained to estimate flame length and emission of gaseous pollutants. Stack concentration, carbon content, size and chemical composition of fly ash were also measured. The effect of excess air level on exit NOx and CO concentration were studied. Results of detailed flame measurements and the parametric study have shown that orimulsion fuel can be burnt with 99.97% efficiency at 1% exit O{sub 2} with a modified burner system of Dunamenti Power Station. However, significant implications of Orimulsion firing were observed. Gas temperature data and CO concentrations at flame tail have indicated a 1.5--2 m longer flame for Orimulsion. At flame tail, gas temperature in the Orimulsion flame was higher by 100 C than that for HFO. Lower radiant heat flux was measured in the near burner region for Orimulsion. Higher SO{sub 3}, SO{sub 2} and lower NOx emission were found when firing Orimulsion. Despite the higher ash content of Orimulsion, its combustion resulted in smaller particulate emission, which might be due to fly ash deposition in the furnace.

Barta, L.E. [Inst. for Energy, Budapest (Hungary); Horvath, G. [Hungarian Power Companies, Ltd., Budapest (Hungary); Allen, J.W.; Darar, J.S.; Wright, J.A. [International Combustion Ltd., Derby (United Kingdom). Rolls Royce Industrial Power Group; Szederkenyi, S.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

387

Oil and Gas Gross Production Tax (North Dakota) | Department of Energy  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Oil and Gas Gross Production Tax (North Dakota) Oil and Gas Gross Production Tax (North Dakota) Oil and Gas Gross Production Tax (North Dakota) < Back Eligibility Utility Fed. Government Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility State/Provincial Govt Industrial Construction Municipal/Public Utility Local Government Residential Installer/Contractor Rural Electric Cooperative Tribal Government Low-Income Residential Schools Retail Supplier Institutional Multi-Family Residential Systems Integrator Fuel Distributor Nonprofit General Public/Consumer Transportation Program Info State North Dakota Program Type Fees A gross production tax applies to most gas produced in North Dakota. Gas burned at the well site to power an electrical generator that consumes at least 75 percent of the gas is exempt from taxation under this chapter.

388

Alternative Fuels Data Center  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

blends must comply with ASTM specification D7467-10. Biodiesel produced from palm oil is not considered biodiesel fuel unless the palm oil is waste oil or grease collected...

389

A study of Shanghai fuel oil futures price volatility based on high frequency data: Long-range dependence, modeling and forecasting  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

In existing researches, the investigations of oil price volatility are always performed based on daily data and squared daily return is always taken as the proxy of actual volatility. However, it is widely accepted that the popular realized volatility (RV) based on high frequency data is a more robust measure of actual volatility than squared return. Due to this motivation, we investigate dynamics of daily volatility of Shanghai fuel oil futures prices employing 5-minute high frequency data. First, using a nonparametric method, we find that RV displays strong long-range dependence and recent financial crisis can cause a lower degree of long-range dependence. Second, we model daily volatility using RV models and GARCH-class models. Our results indicate that RV models for intraday data overwhelmingly outperform GARCH-class models for daily data in forecasting fuel oil price volatility, regardless the proxy of actual volatility. Finally, we investigate the major source of such volatile prices and found that trader activity has major contribution to fierce variations of fuel oil prices.

Li Liu; Jieqiu Wan

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Retail Services : Measurement and Contribution to National Income.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Two models are developed that considers the different services provided by retail firms as an output of the retail industry besides the goods sold. The… (more)

Roy, Debanjali

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Essays on Retail Analytics and Material Information Modeling.  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

??Large amounts of data have been collected in both the retail business and manufacturing industry. In order for the retailers or manufacturing enterprises to achieve… (more)

Tang, Donghuan

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

"Code(a)","Subsector and Industry","Source(b)","Electricity(c)","Fuel Oil","Fuel Oil(d)","Natural Gas(e)","NGL(f)","Coal","and Breeze","Other(g)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4.4 Relative Standard Errors for Table 4.4;" 4.4 Relative Standard Errors for Table 4.4;" " Unit: Percents." " "," "," ",," "," "," "," "," "," "," ",," " " "," ","Any" "NAICS"," ","Energy",,"Residual","Distillate",,"LPG and",,"Coke"," " "Code(a)","Subsector and Industry","Source(b)","Electricity(c)","Fuel Oil","Fuel Oil(d)","Natural Gas(e)","NGL(f)","Coal","and Breeze","Other(g)" ,,"Total United States" , 311,"Food",0.4,0.4,19.4,9,2,6.9,5.4,0,10.3

393

Oil shale fueled FBC power plant – Ash deposits and fouling problems  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

A 41 MWth oil shale fired demonstration power plant was built in 1989 by PAMA in Mishor Rotem, Negev, Israel. The raw material for the plant is the local “oil shale”, which is in fact organic-rich marl. Since then, and until today, the unit is operated at high reliability and availability. At first, heavy soft fouling occurred due to the Circulating Fluidized Bed Combustion (CFBC) mode of operation, which caused a considerable reduction in the heat transfer coefficient of the heat exchangers. By going over to the Fluidized Bed Combustion (FBC) mode of operation the soft fouling phenomenon stopped at once, the heat transfer coefficient improved, and the power plant could be operated at its designed values. After five months of operation at the FBC mode the boiler had to be shut down because Hard Deposits (HD) blocked physically the passes in the boiler. These deposits could be removed only with the help of mechanical devices. During the first two years the boiler had to be stopped, at least, three times a year for deposit cleaning purposes. Research conducted at the plant and in the laboratories of the Geological Survey of Israel enabled us to understand the mechanism of formation of these deposits. The results showed that the HD are formed in two stages: (1) Deposition of very fine ash particles on the pipes of the boiler, as a result of the impact of larger particles on the pipes. The fine particles adhere to the pipes and to each other, and step by step build the deposit. The growth of the deposit on the pipe surface is always perpendicular to the particles flow direction. (2) The deposits harden due to chemical reactions. The joint experiments at the plant and at the laboratories of the Geological Survey showed:(A) The rate of deposition depends mainly on the lime concentration in the fly ash. (B) The lime concentration in the fly ash is a function of the clays concentration in the oil shale. (C) The increase and hardening of the deposit with time is due to solid–gas reactions within the deposit. At first recarbonation occurs, reaction between CaO in the deposit and CO2 (produced by the combustion) in the flue gas to form CaCO3 (bonded deposits), and then sulfatization; the reactions of the sulfatization are: (1) SO2 in the flue gas with CaO and CaCO3 in the deposit, leading to the formation of anhydrite CaSO4; and (2) SO2 in the flue gas with the amorphous silicates in the deposit forming hydroxylellestadite Ca10(SiO4)3(SO4)3(OH)2. These minerals are the hard deposits. The conclusions following these findings for the combustion of oil shales with a significant Ca-carbonate content are:(A) The FBC is the preferred mode of combustion. (B) The rate of deposition in the boiler depends mainly on the lime (free CaO) concentration in the Fly \\{ASh\\} (FAS). (C) The ratio Ca-carbonates to silicates (Al, Fe, etc.), in the oil shale feed, determines the concentration of lime in the FAS. (D) The rate of deposition in the boiler depends also on the geometry of the boiler and on the particles aerodynamic conditions in it. Following these conclusions, the plant was able to reduce the shutdowns to twice a year. Furthermore, based on the understanding of the deposit formation mechanism, it will be possible to minimize shutdowns, for deposit cleaning, to only once a year in future similar oil shale fuelled power plants.

O. Yoffe; A. Wohlfarth; Y. Nathan; S. Cohen; T. Minster

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

Fuels  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Goals > Fuels Goals > Fuels XMAT for nuclear fuels XMAT is ideally suited to explore all of the radiation processes experienced by nuclear fuels.The high energy, heavy ion accleration capability (e.g., 250 MeV U) can produce bulk damage deep in the sample, achieving neutron type depths (~10 microns), beyond the range of surface sputtering effects. The APS X-rays are well matched to the ion beams, and are able to probe individual grains at similar penetrations depths. Damage rates to 25 displacements per atom per hour (DPA/hr), and doses >2500 DPA can be achieved. MORE» Fuels in LWRs are subjected to ~1 DPA per day High burn-up fuel can experience >2000 DPA. Traditional reactor tests by neutron irradiation require 3 years in a reactor and 1 year cool down. Conventional accelerators (>1 MeV/ion) are limited to <200-400 DPAs, and

395

Dominion Retail Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dominion Retail Inc Dominion Retail Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name Dominion Retail Inc Place Virginia Utility Id 3763 Utility Location Yes Ownership R NERC Location RFC Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Buying Distribution Yes Activity Wholesale Marketing Yes Activity Retail Marketing Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png No rate schedules available. Average Rates No Rates Available References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Dominion_Retail_Inc&oldid=41059

396

Heating Oil and Propane Update  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Maps of states participating in Winter Fuels Survey Residential propane PADD map Residential heating oil PADD map...

397

U.S. diesel fuel prices continue to decrease  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

diesel fuel prices continue to decrease The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell to 3.84 a gallon on Monday. That's down 8-tenths of a penny from a week ago,...

398

U.S. diesel fuel prices continue to decrease  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

diesel fuel prices continue to decrease The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell to 3.78 a gallon on Monday. That's down 2.3 cents from a week ago, based on...

399

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuels Labeling Requirement  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Alternative Fuels Alternative Fuels Labeling Requirement to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuels Labeling Requirement on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuels Labeling Requirement on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuels Labeling Requirement on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuels Labeling Requirement on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuels Labeling Requirement on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Alternative Fuels Labeling Requirement on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Alternative Fuels Labeling Requirement Retailers must display ratings on fueling pumps that are consistent with

400

Process evaluation - steam reforming of diesel fuel oil. Final technical report 24 Apr-24 Dec 79 on phases 1-4  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

This project is an evaluation of a proprietary catalyst as a means of steam-reforming diesel fuel oil (Fed. Spec. VV-F-800B, symbol DF-2). A system for testing the catalyst has been designed, built and successfully used to screen operating conditions of temperature, space velocity, and H2O/C ratio. A duration test has been conducted showing the catalyst capable of steam reforming diesel fuel, but with the production of naphthalene after 30 hours. Hydrogen production remained stable through the 86 hours of the test.

Jarvi, G.A.; Bowman, R.M.; Camara, E.H.; Lee, A.L.

1980-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retail fuel oil" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Retail kiosks: how regret and variety influence consumption  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Retail kiosks: how regret and variety influence consumption Anjala S. Krishen Department naturally stimulate consumers' search for retailers that allow them additional options (i.e. kiosk retailers of innovative products and quick entry into the retail market. These outlets have not been studied through

Ahmad, Sajjad

402

The IBM Retail Industry Framework. Integration, Optimization, Analytics  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The IBM Retail Industry Framework. Integration, Optimization, Analytics #12;2 We've only just begun to uncover what is possible on a smarter planet In the face of a radically transformed economy, retailers, interconnected and intelligent. By building intelligence into our entire retail system, retailers, manufacturers

403

MSc in Retail Introduction from the Institute for  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

MSc in Retail Management #12;Introduction from the Institute for Retail Studies Director The demands of the retail industry are continually changing. The sector has become increasingly complex and the need for professional and well trained managers has never been greater. The Institute for Retail

Little, Tony

404

Loss PreventionIBM Retail Store Solutions Executive Brief  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Loss PreventionIBM Retail Store Solutions Executive Brief Getting smarter about retail loss prevention. Wayne Truhan, business development executive, IBM Retail Store Solutions #12;2 Getting smarter about retail loss prevention. "With the downturn in the economy, we have seen an increase in theft

405

The Retail Industry Framework Delivering a Smarter Shopping Experience  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The Retail Industry Framework Delivering a Smarter Shopping Experience with the Retail Industry into advocates Delivering a Smarter Shopping Experience ­ turning shoppers into advocates. As a retailer, turning retailer of choice -- is central to your success.To accomplish this, you need to understand the ever

406

A Retail Ontology: Formal Semantics and Efficient Implementation  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

A Retail Ontology: Formal Semantics and Efficient Implementation by Maryam Fazel Zarandi A thesis of Computer Science University of Toronto Copyright c 2007 by Maryam Fazel Zarandi #12;Abstract A Retail intelligence sys- tem applied to retail. This work describes a retail ontology that can automatically deduce

Fox, Mark S.

407

Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Blend Standard  

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

Ethanol Fuel Blend Ethanol Fuel Blend Standard to someone by E-mail Share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Blend Standard on Facebook Tweet about Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Blend Standard on Twitter Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Blend Standard on Google Bookmark Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Blend Standard on Delicious Rank Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Blend Standard on Digg Find More places to share Alternative Fuels Data Center: Ethanol Fuel Blend Standard on AddThis.com... More in this section... Federal State Advanced Search All Laws & Incentives Sorted by Type Ethanol Fuel Blend Standard At least 85% of gasoline supplied to a retailer or sold in Hawaii must contain a minimum of 10% ethanol (E10), unless the Director determines that

408

The relationship between crude oil and gasoline prices  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

This study investigates the dynamic relationship between crude oil and retail gasoline prices during the last 21 years and determines ... that date, the results show that gasoline prices include higher profit mar...

Ali T. Akarca; Dimitri Andrianacos

1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Statistical Overview of 5 Years of HCCI Fuel and Engine Data...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

series of fuels, covering 2005 to 2009 - Conventional, biodiesel, oil sands, oil shale, surrogate, primary and secondary reference, FACE - 95 fuels total, 18 fuel related...

410

NETL: Oil & Gas  

Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

Oil & Gas Publications KMD Contacts Project Summaries EPAct 2005 Arctic Energy Office Announcements Software Stripper Wells Efficient recovery of our nation's fossil fuel resources...

411

RetailPoolen r Retail Knowledges uthyrningsverksamhet. Retail Knowledge r helt nischat mot detalj-och dagligvaruhandeln och har varit verksamma sedan 2002. RetailPoolen har ca 200 anstllda i  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

RetailPoolen är Retail Knowledges uthyrningsverksamhet. Retail Knowledge är helt nischat mot detalj- och dagligvaruhandeln och har varit verksamma sedan 2002. RetailPoolen har ca 200 anställda i anställning hos RetailPoolen begär vi utdrag ur belastningsregistret. Vi tar endast emot ansökningar via vårat

412

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1993, 1992, 1991, 1990,"Percent Share 2000","Percent Share 2010","Percent Share 2012" "Retail Sales (megawatthours)",,, "Residential",17992708,19336430,20174...

413

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1993, 1992, 1991, 1990,"Percent Share 2000","Percent Share 2010","Percent Share 2012" "Retail Sales (megawatthours)",,, "Residential",22809680,24425027,23688...

414

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1993, 1992, 1991, 1990,"Percent Share 2000","Percent Share 2010","Percent Share 2012" "Retail Sales (megawatthours)",,, "Residential",30026588,32019040,32678...

415

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1993, 1992, 1991, 1990,"Percent Share 2000","Percent Share 2010","Percent Share 2012" "Retail Sales (megawatthours)",,, "Residential",34336615,35941243,37302...

416

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1993, 1992, 1991, 1990,"Percent Share 2000","Percent Share 2010","Percent Share 2012" "Retail Sales (megawatthours)",,, "Residential",54671521,58055878,62160...

417

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1993, 1992, 1991, 1990,"Percent Share 2000","Percent Share 2010","Percent Share 2012" "Retail Sales (megawatthours)",,, "Residential",26678158,27295675,28934...

418

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1993, 1992, 1991, 1990,"Percent Share 2000","Percent Share 2010","Percent Share 2012" "Retail Sales (megawatthours)",,, "Residential",4778365,4913110,4742794...

419

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1993, 1992, 1991, 1990,"Percent Share 2000","Percent Share 2010","Percent Share 2012" "Retail Sales (megawatthours)",,, "Residential",4484758,4552228,4392596...

420

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1993, 1992, 1991, 1990,"Percent Share 2000","Percent Share 2010","Percent Share 2012" "Retail Sales (megawatthours)",,, "Residential",32963522,33912098,35058...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retail fuel oil" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1993, 1992, 1991, 1990,"Percent Share 2000","Percent Share 2010","Percent Share 2012" "Retail Sales (megawatthours)",,, "Residential",52287769,53687111,54474...

422

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1993, 1992, 1991, 1990,"Percent Share 2000","Percent Share 2010","Percent Share 2012" "Retail Sales (megawatthours)",,, "Residential",2002527,2061392,2123312...

423

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1993, 1992, 1991, 1990,"Percent Share 2000","Percent Share 2010","Percent Share 2012" "Retail Sales (megawatthours)",,, "Residential",46901870,47057002,48582...

424

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1993, 1992, 1991, 1990,"Percent Share 2000","Percent Share 2010","Percent Share 2012" "Retail Sales (megawatthours)",,, "Residential",2716528,2802726,2727201...

425

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1993, 1992, 1991, 1990,"Percent Share 2000","Percent Share 2010","Percent Share 2012" "Retail Sales (megawatthours)",,, "Residential",32922970,33079074,32448...

426

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1993, 1992, 1991, 1990,"Percent Share 2000","Percent Share 2010","Percent Share 2012" "Retail Sales (megawatthours)",,, "Residential",3121367,3129446,3117808...

427

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1993, 1992, 1991, 1990,"Percent Share 2000","Percent Share 2010","Percent Share 2012" "Retail Sales (megawatthours)",,, "Residential",17909301,18787349,19230...

428

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1993, 1992, 1991, 1990,"Percent Share 2000","Percent Share 2010","Percent Share 2012" "Retail Sales (megawatthours)",,, "Residential",18854659,19429175,18838...

429

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1993, 1992, 1991, 1990,"Percent Share 2000","Percent Share 2010","Percent Share 2012" "Retail Sales (megawatthours)",,, "Residential",28662958,29398870,30307...

430

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1993, 1992, 1991, 1990,"Percent Share 2000","Percent Share 2010","Percent Share 2012" "Retail Sales (megawatthours)",,, "Residential",35510961,36376143,34906...

431

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1993, 1992, 1991, 1990,"Percent Share 2000","Percent Share 2010","Percent Share 2012" "Retail Sales (megawatthours)",,, "Residential",4480736,4381536,4371835...

432

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1993, 1992, 1991, 1990,"Percent Share 2000","Percent Share 2010","Percent Share 2012" "Retail Sales (megawatthours)",,, "Residential",2739298,2928743,2989499...

433

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1993, 1992, 1991, 1990,"Percent Share 2000","Percent Share 2010","Percent Share 2012" "Retail Sales (megawatthours)",,, "Residential",28366263,30801731,32852...

434

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1993, 1992, 1991, 1990,"Percent Share 2000","Percent Share 2010","Percent Share 2012" "Retail Sales (megawatthours)",,, "Residential",22026353,22149941,22299...

435

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1993, 1992, 1991, 1990,"Percent Share 2000","Percent Share 2010","Percent Share 2012" "Retail Sales (megawatthours)",,, "Residential",53660167,57749519,61554...

436

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1993, 1992, 1991, 1990,"Percent Share 2000","Percent Share 2010","Percent Share 2012" "Retail Sales (megawatthours)",,, "Residential",43534675,45771144,48438...

437

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1993, 1992, 1991, 1990,"Percent Share 2000","Percent Share 2010","Percent Share 2012" "Retail Sales (megawatthours)",,, "Residential",6763820,6873748,6752473...

438

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1993, 1992, 1991, 1990,"Percent Share 2000","Percent Share 2010","Percent Share 2012" "Retail Sales (megawatthours)",,, "Residential",2160196,2134422,2093217...

439

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1993, 1992, 1991, 1990,"Percent Share 2000","Percent Share 2010","Percent Share 2012" "Retail Sales (megawatthours)",,, "Residential",20313469,20472512,21409...

440

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1993, 1992, 1991, 1990,"Percent Share 2000","Percent Share 2010","Percent Share 2012" "Retail Sales (megawatthours)",,, "Residential",9188204,8946741,8834230...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retail fuel oil" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1993, 1992, 1991, 1990,"Percent Share 2000","Percent Share 2010","Percent Share 2012" "Retail Sales (megawatthours)",,, "Residential",22059631,22523727,22464...

442

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1993, 1992, 1991, 1990,"Percent Share 2000","Percent Share 2010","Percent Share 2012" "Retail Sales (megawatthours)",,, "Residential",12757633,12918796,13065...

443

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1993, 1992, 1991, 1990,"Percent Share 2000","Percent Share 2010","Percent Share 2012" "Retail Sales (megawatthours)",,, "Residential",2095283,2124533,2127935...

444

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1993, 1992, 1991, 1990,"Percent Share 2000","Percent Share 2010","Percent Share 2012" "Retail Sales (megawatthours)",,, "Residential",137411633,145654228,137...

445

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1993, 1992, 1991, 1990,"Percent Share 2000","Percent Share 2010","Percent Share 2012" "Retail Sales (megawatthours)",,, "Residential",11194679,11746151,12442...

446

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1993, 1992, 1991, 1990,"Percent Share 2000","Percent Share 2010","Percent Share 2012" "Retail Sales (megawatthours)",,, "Residential",50691506,51239599,50945...

447

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1993, 1992, 1991, 1990,"Percent Share 2000","Percent Share 2010","Percent Share 2012" "Retail Sales (megawatthours)",,, "Residential",52876058,54795633,55252...

448

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1993, 1992, 1991, 1990,"Percent Share 2000","Percent Share 2010","Percent Share 2012" "Retail Sales (megawatthours)",,, "Residential",4439208,4454088,4485469...

449

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1993, 1992, 1991, 1990,"Percent Share 2000","Percent Share 2010","Percent Share 2012" "Retail Sales (megawatthours)",,, "Residential",13796679,14343748,14334...

450

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1993, 1992, 1991, 1990,"Percent Share 2000","Percent Share 2010","Percent Share 2012" "Retail Sales (megawatthours)",,, "Residential",112127056,116341105,122...

451

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1993, 1992, 1991, 1990,"Percent Share 2000","Percent Share 2010","Percent Share 2012" "Retail Sales (megawatthours)",,, "Residential",4453732,4646384,4628123...

452

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1993, 1992, 1991, 1990,"Percent Share 2000","Percent Share 2010","Percent Share 2012" "Retail Sales (megawatthours)",,, "Residential",39753631,43067861,45191...

453

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1993, 1992, 1991, 1990,"Percent Share 2000","Percent Share 2010","Percent Share 2012" "Retail Sales (megawatthours)",,, "Residential",9680143,9946973,1010667...

454

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1993, 1992, 1991, 1990,"Percent Share 2000","Percent Share 2010","Percent Share 2012" "Retail Sales (megawatthours)",,, "Residential",26096707,27197836,29136...

455

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1993, 1992, 1991, 1990,"Percent Share 2000","Percent Share 2010","Percent Share 2012" "Retail Sales (megawatthours)",,, "Residential",12122718,11493279,11614...

456

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1993, 1992, 1991, 1990,"Percent Share 2000","Percent Share 2010","Percent Share 2012" "Retail Sales (megawatthours)",,, "Residential",90109995,88398416,87256...

457

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1993, 1992, 1991, 1990,"Percent Share 2000","Percent Share 2010","Percent Share 2012" "Retail Sales (megawatthours)",,, "Residential",4521682,4632094,4759973...

458

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1993, 1992, 1991, 1990,"Percent Share 2000","Percent Share 2010","Percent Share 2012" "Retail Sales (megawatthours)",,, "Residential",34461140,34811337,34680...

459

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1993, 1992, 1991, 1990,"Percent Share 2000","Percent Share 2010","Percent Share 2012" "Retail Sales (megawatthours)",,, "Residential",13987613,14326771,14554...

460

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1993, 1992, 1991, 1990,"Percent Share 2000","Percent Share 2010","Percent Share 2012" "Retail Sales (megawatthours)",,, "Residential",18220365,18276799,18102...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retail fuel oil" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1993, 1992, 1991, 1990,"Percent Share 2000","Percent Share 2010","Percent Share 2012" "Retail Sales (megawatthours)",,, "Residential",30632261,33002815,35529...

462

Table 8. Retail Sales, Revenue, and Average Retail Price by Sector...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1993, 1992, 1991, 1990,"Percent Share 2000","Percent Share 2010","Percent Share 2012" "Retail Sales (megawatthours)",,, "Residential",8159349,8389866,8136736...

463

Dominion Retail Inc (Connecticut) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dominion Retail Inc Place: Connecticut References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File220101 EIA Form 861 Data Utility Id 3763 This article is a stub. You can help...

464

Texas Retail Energy, LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy, LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name: Texas Retail Energy, LLC Place: Arkansas References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1a1 EIA Form 861 Data Utility...

465

Dominion Retail Inc (Pennsylvania) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

kWh References "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File22010" Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleDominionRetailInc(Pennsylvania)&oldid786243...

466

Dominion Retail Inc (Ohio) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dominion Retail Inc Place: Ohio References: EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File220101 EIA Form 861 Data Utility Id 3763 This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI...

467

Benefits of redevelopment of outdated retail centers  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

This paper explores the benefits of redevelopment of outdated retail shopping centers and seeks to identify potential redevelopment opportunities. The focus is specific to sites located in Dallas, Texas, and the overall ...

Gitcho, Gregory William

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

A Labor Measurement Structure for Retail Operations  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

To compete effectively with the competition, retail companies like Karls need to adopt work measurement techniques to understand and plan for the correct amount of payroll. Proper allocation of payroll equates to a better sales margin and healthy...

VonAchen, James D.

2006-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

469

Segmentation strategies for managing retail supply chains  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

High-technology manufacturing companies often face rapid price decline and capacity constraints. Especially in the retail side of the business where the supply chain is much longer and revenue is sometimes not recognized ...

Liang, Catherine G. (Catherine Gloria)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Edgeworth price cycles in retail gasoline markets  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In this dissertation, I present three essays that are motivated by the interesting and dynamic price-setting behavior of firms in Canadian retail gasoline markets. In the first essay, I examine behavior at the market level ...

Noel, Michael David, 1971-

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

"2013 Utility Bundled Retail Sales- Residential"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

"Grayson-Collin Elec Coop, Inc","TX","Cooperative",37535,656727,79474,12.101528 "Green Mountain Energy Company","TX","Retail Energy Provider",286184,3173022,302708.3,9.540...

472

"2013 Utility Bundled Retail Sales- Commercial"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

"Grayson-Collin Elec Coop, Inc","TX","Cooperative",2415,133815,18900,14.123977 "Green Mountain Energy Company","TX","Retail Energy Provider",53472,4142621,264606.3,6.3874...

473

Quality of vacuum packaged lamb retail cuts  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

QUALITY OF VACUUM PACKAGED LAMB RETAIL CUTS A Thesis by KRISTEN GAE WANSTEDT Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1982 Major Subject...: Food Science and Technology QUALITY OF VACUUM PACKAGED LAMB RETAIL CUTS A Thesis by KRISTEN GAE WANSTEDT Approved as to style and content by: '(xi' (Chairman of Committee) (Member) o p (Member) (Head of Department) August 1982 ABSTRACT...

Wanstedt, Kristen Gae

2012-06-07T23:59:59.000Z

474

Longevity of Imidacloprid Soil Drench on Citrus Nursery Stock for Sale at Retail Stores in Florida  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Nursery Stock for Sale at Retail Stores in Florida Halbert,of contamination is the retail venues themselves. If this ispsyllid infestation in retail stores. Florida has a

Halbert, Susan E.; Manjunath, Keremane L.; Ramadugu, Chandrika; Lee, Richard F.

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Benchmarking and Equipment and Controls Assessment for a 'Big Box' Retail Chain  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Assessment for a ‘Big Box’ Retail Chain Philip Haves andperformance of existing and new retail stores belonging to aenergy performance of retail stores of relatively standard

Haves, Philip

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Optimal Reservation Deposit Policies in the Presence of Rational Customers and Retail Competition  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Rational Customers and Retail Competition George Georgiadischarge a higher optimal retail price under the no depositboth rms charge the same retail price, we show the existence

Georgiadis, G.; Tang, C. S.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Expert Opinion and the Demand for Experience Goods: An Experimental Approach in the Retail Wine Market  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

An Experimental Approach in the Retail Wine Market Jamesn Experimental Approach in the Retail Wine Market M a y 26,information. Utilizing a retail field experiment to overcome

Hilger, James; Rafert, Greg; Villas-Boas, Sofia B

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Customer Risk from Real-Time Retail Electricity Pricing: Bill Volatility and Hedgability  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Implementing Real- Time Retail Electricity Pricing,” CenterMarkets With Time-Invariant Retail Prices,” RAND Journal of155 Customer Risk from Real-Time Retail Electricity Pricing:

Borenstein, Severin

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

The bricks, clicks, economics and mortar of contemporary retail : the consequences that retailer storing strategies and retail performance across markets have on real estate investments  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

The retail industry in the 21st century is undergoing a confluence of transformative changes. In this paper we discuss particularly noteworthy changes related to demography, retail economics and the Internet. We note how, ...

Fagan, Kevin William

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Biomass Derivatives Competitive with Heating Oil Costs.  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

Biomass Derivatives Competitive with Heating Oil Costs Transportation fuel Heat or electricity * Data are from literature, except heating oil is adjusted from 2011 winter average *...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "retail fuel oil" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Retail Infrastructure Costs Comparison for Hydrogen and Electricity for Light-Duty Vehicles: Preprint  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

Both hydrogen and plug-in electric vehicles offer significant social benefits to enhance energy security and reduce criteria and greenhouse gas emissions from the transportation sector. However, the rollout of electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE) and hydrogen retail stations (HRS) requires substantial investments with high risks due to many uncertainties. We compare retail infrastructure costs on a common basis - cost per mile, assuming fueling service to 10% of all light-duty vehicles in a typical 1.5 million person city in 2025. Our analysis considers three HRS sizes, four distinct types of EVSE and two distinct EVSE scenarios. EVSE station costs, including equipment and installation, are assumed to be 15% less than today's costs. We find that levelized retail capital costs per mile are essentially indistinguishable given the uncertainty and variability around input assumptions. Total fuel costs per mile for battery electric vehicle (BEV) and plug-in hybrid vehicle (PHEV) are, respectively, 21% lower and 13% lower than that for hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV) under the home-dominant scenario. Including fuel economies and vehicle costs makes FCEVs and BEVs comparable in terms of costs per mile, and PHEVs are about 10% less than FCEVs and BEVs. To account for geographic variability in energy prices and hydrogen delivery costs, we use the Scenario Evaluation, Regionalization and Analysis (SERA) model and confirm the aforementioned estimate of cost per mile, nationally averaged, but see a 15% variability in regional costs of FCEVs and a 5% variability in regional costs for BEVs.

Melaina, M.; Sun, Y.; Bush, B.

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

482

State heating oil and propane program. Final report, 1990--1991  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The following is a report of New Hampshire`s participation in the State Heating Oil and Propane Program (SHOPS) for the 1990--91 heating season. The program is a joint effort between participating states and the Department of Energy (DOE), Energy Information Administration (EYE) to collect retail price data for heating oil and propane through phone surveys of 25 oil and 20 propane retailers in New Hampshire. SHOPS is funded through matching grants from DOE and the participating state. (VC)

Not Available

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

483

Impact of thermal barrier coating application on the combustion, performance and emissions of a diesel engine fueled with waste cooking oil biodiesel–diesel blends  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

Abstract Biodiesel fuel was produced from waste cooking oil by transesterification process. B20 and B50 blends of biodiesel–petroleum diesel were prepared. These blends and D2 fuels were tested in a single cylinder CI engine. Performance, combustion and emission values of the engine running with the mentioned fuels were recorded. Then the piston and both exhaust and intake valves of the test engine were coated with layers of ceramic materials. The mentioned parts were coated with 100 ?m of NiCrAl as lining layer. Later the same parts were coated with 400 ?m material of coating that was the mixture of 88% of ZrO2, 4% of MgO and 8% of Al2O3. After the engine coating process, the same fuels were tested in the coated engine at the same operation condition. Finally, the same engine out parameters were obtained and compared with those of uncoated engine parameters in order to find out how this modification would change the combustion, performance and emission parameters. Results showed that the modification of the engine with coating process resulted in better performance, especially in considerably lower brake specific fuel consumption (Bsfc) values. Besides, emissions of the engine were lowered both through coating process and biodiesel usage excluding the nitrogen oxides (NOx) emission. In addition, the results of the coated engine are better than the uncoated one in terms of cylinder gas pressure, heat release rate (HRR) and heat release (HR).

Selman Ayd?n; Cenk Say?n

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Oil vulnerability in the greater Toronto area: impacts of high fuel prices on urban form and environment  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The rising cost of fossil fuel is a recognized phenomenon, but its impact ... . Understanding how the socioeconomic impacts of rising fuel prices might be distributed across urban areas is...2007...)] by incorpor...

S. Akbari; K. Nurul Habib

2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

Hydrocarbon analysis of shrimp from oil polluted waters  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

), serious pollution problems are caused by crude oils, residual fuel oils, lubricating oils and miscel- laneous tank washings, sludges and tarsi known collectively as persis- tant oils, to distinguish them from light fuel oils such as gasoline, kerosene... obtained from crude oil, die- sel oil and lubricating oil. These "fingerprints" were compared to "fingerprints" from shrimp to obtain parameters for assessing pollution of shrimp by crude oil and its derivatives. Using these parameters, contaminated...

DeWitt, Bernard John

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

"Code(a)","Subsector and Industry","Source(b)","Electricity(c)","Fuel Oil","Fuel Oil(d)","Natural Gas(e)","NGL(f)","Coal","Breeze","Other(g)","Produced Onsite(h)"  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1.4 Relative Standard Errors for Table 1.4;" 1.4 Relative Standard Errors for Table 1.4;" " Unit: Percents." ,,"Any",,,,,,,,,"Shipments" "NAICS",,"Energy","Net","Residual","Distillate",,"LPG and",,"Coke and",,"of Energy Sources" "Code(a)","Subsector and Industry","Source(b)","Electricity(c)","Fuel Oil","Fuel Oil(d)","Natural Gas(e)","NGL(f)","Coal","Breeze","Other(g)","Produced Onsite(h)" ,,"Total United States" 311,"Food",0.4,0.4,19.4,8.9,2,6.9,5.4,0,10.1,9.1 3112," Grain and Oilseed Milling",0,0,21.1,14.7,8.4,13.3,7.9,"X",17.9,9.1

487

Technical Information Exchange on Pyrolysis Oil: Potential for...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Renewab;e Heating Oil Substation Fuel in New England Technical Information Exchange on Pyrolysis Oil: Potential for a Renewab;e Heating Oil Substation Fuel in New England This...

488

Hazardous air pollutants from the combustion of an emulsified heavy fuel oil in a firetube boiler. Final report, May-November 1995  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The report gives results of measuring emissions of hazardous air pollutants (HAPS) from the combustion flue gases of a No. 6 fuel oil, both with and without an emulsifying agent, in a 2.5 million Btu/hr (732 kW) firetube boiler with the purpose determining the impacts of the emulsifier on HAP emissions. The boiler flue gases were sampled and analyzed for both metal and organic HAPs, and the effects of the emulsification on criteria emissions such as carbon dioxide (CO), nitrogen oxides (NOx), and particulate matter (PM) were also measured.

Miller, C.A.

1996-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Remaining Sites Verification Package for the 100-D-9 Boiler Fuel Oil Tank Site, Waste Site Reclassification Form 2006-030  

SciTech Connect (OSTI)

The 100-D-9 site is the former location of an underground storage tank used for holding fuel for the 184-DA Boiler House. Results of soil-gas samples taken from six soil-gas probes in a rectangle around the site the tank had been removed from concluded that there were no volatile organic compounds at detectable levels in the area. The 100-D-9 Boiler Fuel Oil Tank Site meets the remedial action objectives specified in the Remaining Sites ROD. The results demonstrated that residual contaminant concentrations do not preclude any future uses and allow for unrestricted use of shallow zone soils. The results also demonstrate that residual contaminant concentrations are protective of groundwater and the Columbia River.

L. M. Dittmer

2006-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

490

Environmental Impact Evaluation of Conventional Fossil Fuel Production (Oil and Natural Gas) and Enhanced Resource Recovery with Potential CO2 Sequestration  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

The first set of results presented were the inventory of air emissions (CO, CO2, CH4, SOx, NOx, NH3, Pb, Hg, etc.), wastewater-containing acids and sulfides, and solid wastes released because of both fossil fuel production and energy usage from the power plant. ... Gases of SO2 and NOx are reported to pollute the air because of conventional oil production activities,16 but these contributions, as displayed by cases I and II, are less compared to the accumulated impacts coming from the CO2 sequestration chain. ... (1)?McKee, B. Solutions for the 21st Century:? Zero Emissions Technology for Fossil Fuels; Technology Status Report, International Energy Agency, Committee for Energy Research Technology, OECD/IEA:? France, 2002. ...

Hsien H. Khoo; Reginald B. H. Tan

2006-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

491

Retail Policies and Competition in the Gasoline Industry  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

Retail Daily Vol. Share Rack Daily Vol. Share Total VolumeRetail Daily Vol. Share Rack Daily Vol. Share Total VolumeVol. Share Daily Vol. Share Rack Daily Vol. Share Total

Borenstein, Severin; Bushnell, Jim

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Property:Building/FloorAreaOtherRetail | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Jump to: navigation, search This is a property of type Number. Floor area for Other retail Pages using the property "BuildingFloorAreaOtherRetail" Showing 1 page using this...

493

Evaluating demand planning strategy in the retail channel  

E-Print Network [OSTI]

In 2007 Dell began selling through the retail channel. Five years later, the retail channel is still in the early stages relative to competitors and is growing rapidly. Short product lifecycles, long lead times and a high ...

Zehavi, Limor (Limor Hadas)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

Reference Buildings by Building Type: Stand-alone retail | Department...  

Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

Stand-alone retail Reference Buildings by Building Type: Stand-alone retail In addition to the ZIP file for each building type, you can directly view the "scorecard" spreadsheet...

495

Technical Information Exchange on Pyrolysis Oil: Potential for a renewable heating oil substitution  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Two-day agenda from the workshop: Technical Information Exchange on Pyrolysis Oil: Potential for a renewable heating oil substitution fuel in New England.

496

This Week In Petroleum Printer-Friendly Version  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

Regular Gasoline Prices Graph. Residential Heating Oil Prices Graph. On-Highway Diesel Fuel Prices Graph. Residential Propane Prices Graph. Retail Data Changes From Retail Data...

497

Rerefined Oil: An Option that Saves Oil, Minimizes Pollution  

Science Journals Connector (OSTI)

...of the annual oil consumption of the United States...desirably, burned as a fuel under carefully...percent of U.S. consumption of petroleum. About...oil was burned as fuel. Another 200 million...from gasoline and diesel fuel, carbon...me-tallic particles from engine wear, and metals...

THOMAS H. MAUGH II

1976-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

498

Fact #817: February 17, 2014 Conventional and Alternative Fuel Price Trends from 2000 to 2013  

Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

Retail prices for most transportation fuels have been highly volatile over the past 13 years. The figure below shows quarterly price fluctuations for select fuel types from 2000 to 2013. Gasoline,...

499

U.S. diesel fuel price falls to lowest level since July 2012  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

diesel fuel price falls to lowest level since July 2012 The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel fell to its lowest point since July 2012 at 3.80 a gallon on...

500

U.S. diesel fuel price shows no movement from a week ago  

Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

diesel fuel price shows no movement from a week ago The U.S. average retail price for on-highway diesel fuel showed no movement from a week ago. The average price remained flat at...