National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for retail electric rate

  1. Will electricity market reform likely reduce retail rates?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Woo, C.K.; Zarnikau, Jay

    2009-03-15

    To win public support, proponents for electricity market reform to introduce competition often promise that the post-reform retail rates will be lower than the average embedded cost rates that would have prevailed under the status quo of a regulated monopoly. A simple economic analysis shows that such a promise is unlikely to occur without the critical assumption that the post-reform market has marginal costs below average costs. (author)

  2. Uncertainties in the Value of Bill Savings from Behind-the-Meter, Residential Photovoltaic Systems: The Roles of Electricity Market Conditions, Retail Rate Design, and Net Metering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Darghouth, Naim Richard

    2013-01-01

    linking wholesale and retail market conditions, and providesbetween wholesale markets, retail electricity rates, andof Electricity Market Conditions, Retail Rate Design, and

  3. Impact of residential PV adoption on Retail Electricity Rates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cai, DWH; Adlakha, S; Low, SH; De Martini, P; Chandy, KM

    2013-11-01

    The price of electricity supplied from home rooftop photo voltaic (PV) solar cells has fallen below the retail price of grid electricity in some areas. A number of residential households have an economic incentive to install rooftop PV systems and reduce their purchases of electricity from the grid. A significant portion of the costs incurred by utility companies are fixed costs which must be recovered even as consumption falls. Electricity rates must increase in order for utility companies to recover fixed costs from shrinking sales bases. Increasing rates will, in turn, result in even more economic incentives for customers to adopt rooftop PV. In this paper, we model this feedback between PV adoption and electricity rates and study its impact on future PV penetration and net-metering costs. We find that the most important parameter that determines whether this feedback has an effect is the fraction of customers who adopt PV in any year based solely on the money saved by doing so in that year, independent of the uncertainties of future years. These uncertainties include possible changes in rate structures such as the introduction of connection charges, the possibility of PV prices dropping significantly in the future, possible changes in tax incentives, and confidence in the reliability and maintainability of PV. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  4. Retail Electricity Competition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joskow, Paul; Tirole, Jean

    2004-01-01

    Reliability and Competitive Electricity Markets” mimeo, MITCSEM WP 130 Retail Electricity Competition * Paul Joskow andwww.ucei.org Retail Electricity Competition ? Paul Joskow †

  5. Impact of residential PV adoption on Retail Electricity Rates Desmond W.H. Cai a,n

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wierman, Adam

    Impact of residential PV adoption on Retail Electricity Rates Desmond W.H. Cai a,n , Sachin Adlakha reduce their electricity consumption from the grid. Electricity rates must increase for utility) solar cells has fallen below the retail price of grid electricity in some areas. A number of residential

  6. The impact of retail rate structures on the economics of commercial photovoltaic systems in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Andrew D.

    2009-01-01

    the impact of retail electricity rate design on the economiccustomer retail electricity rates currently offered in thethe design of retail electricity rates, particularly for

  7. The Impact of Retail Rate Structures on the Economics of Commercial Photovoltaic Systems in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Andrew

    2009-01-01

    the impact of retail electricity rate design on the economiccustomer retail electricity rates currently offered in thethe design of retail electricity rates, particularly for

  8. Uncertainties in the Value of Bill Savings from Behind-the-Meter, Residential Photovoltaic Systems: The Roles of Electricity Market Conditions, Retail Rate Design, and Net Metering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Darghouth, Naim Richard

    2013-01-01

    electricity markets: Need and design. Utilities Policy 16,market design .Alternative wholesale market design and retail rate

  9. The Impact of Retail Rate Structures on the Economics of Commercial Photovoltaic Systems in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiser, Ryan; Mills, Andrew; Barbose, Galen; Golove, William

    2007-01-01

    competitive with retail electricity rates. In this report,the design of retail electricity rates, particularly forand industrial electricity rates currently offered by the

  10. Uncertainties in the Value of Bill Savings from Behind-the-Meter, Residential Photovoltaic Systems: The Roles of Electricity Market Conditions, Retail Rate Design, and Net Metering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Darghouth, Naim Richard

    2013-01-01

    scenarios .. 85 4.2.2 Wholesale market design .electricity market scenarios, retail rate designs, PVscenario). Results: Alternative wholesale market design and

  11. The Impact of Carbon Pricing on Wholesale Electricity Prices, Carbon Pass-Through Rates and Retail Electricity Tariffs in Australia.1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    1 The Impact of Carbon Pricing on Wholesale Electricity Prices, Carbon Pass-Through Rates and Retail Electricity Tariffs in Australia.1 By Phillip Wild, School of Economics, The University of Corporate Affairs at our Industry Partner, AGL Energy Ltd, for his advice and contributions throughout

  12. Uncertainties in the Value of Bill Savings from Behind-the-Meter, Residential Photovoltaic Systems: The Roles of Electricity Market Conditions, Retail Rate Design, and Net Metering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Darghouth, Naim Richard

    2013-01-01

    2005a. Time- varying retail electricity prices: Theory andpractice. Electricity Deregulation: Choices and Challenges.efficiency of real-time electricity pricing. Energy Journal

  13. Retail competition in the UK electricity sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rudnick, Hugh

    retail market #12;Schedule for UK market opening · 1990 large users (above 1 MW max demand) · about 30Retail competition in the UK electricity sector Stephen Littlechild Workshops on Retail Competition that in electricity · but agreed need to have further separation · Now require separate legal entities & licenses

  14. STAFF FORECAST: AVERAGE RETAIL ELECTRICITY PRICES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION STAFF FORECAST: AVERAGE RETAIL ELECTRICITY PRICES 2005 TO 2018 Mignon Marks Principal Author Mignon Marks Project Manager David Ashuckian Manager ELECTRICITY ANALYSIS OFFICE Sylvia Bender Acting Deputy Director ELECTRICITY SUPPLY DIVISION B.B. Blevins Executive Director

  15. CSEM WP 130 Retail Electricity Competition*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley. University of

    a number of hitherto unstudied aspects of retail competi- tion in electricity markets. Its starting pointCSEM WP 130 Retail Electricity Competition* Paul Joskow and Jean Tirole April 2004 This paper is part of the Center for the Study of Energy Markets (CSEM) Working Paper Series. CSEM is a program

  16. Uncertainties in the Value of Bill Savings from Behind-the-Meter, Residential Photovoltaic Systems: The Roles of Electricity Market Conditions, Retail Rate Design, and Net Metering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Darghouth, Naim Richard

    2013-01-01

    Borenstein, S. , 2007. Electricity Rate Structures and theEnvironmentally-Sound Electricity Rates for the Twenty-FirstCap-and-Trade for Electricity Rate Design, with Examples

  17. Mergers in the GB Electricity Market: effects on Retail Charges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Mergers in the GB Electricity Market: effects on Retail Charges N° 2006-08 Mai 2006 Evens SALIES OFCE hal-00972962,version1-3Apr2014 #12;Mergers in the GB Electricity Market: effects on Retail Charges-efficiency as variables relating to price and profitability. The retail electricity market is a case in point, as high

  18. Revised 1997 Retail Electricity Price Forecast Principal Author: Ben Arikawa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Revised 1997 Retail Electricity Price Forecast March 1998 Principal Author: Ben Arikawa Electricity 1997 FORE08.DOC Page 1 CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION ELECTRICITY ANALYSIS OFFICE REVISED 1997 RETAIL ELECTRICITY PRICE FORECAST Introduction The Electricity Analysis Office of the California Energy Commission

  19. The Potential Impact of Increased Renewable Energy Penetrations on Electricity Bill Savings from Residential Photovoltaic Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barbose, Galen

    2013-01-01

    1) Borenstein, S. , Electricity Rate Structures and thes underlying retail electricity rate through net metering.turn impact retail electricity rates, particularly as retail

  20. Privacy Preserving Smart Metering System Based Retail Level Electricity Market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franchetti, Franz

    1 Privacy Preserving Smart Metering System Based Retail Level Electricity Market Cory Thoma, Tao technologies which includes load management and retail level electricity market support. Index Terms as the various market functionalities also pose great risks to customer privacy. In this work we propose a secure

  1. Uncertainties in the Value of Bill Savings from Behind-the-Meter, Residential Photovoltaic Systems: The Roles of Electricity Market Conditions, Retail Rate Design, and Net Metering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Darghouth, Naim Richard

    2013-01-01

    exercise market power (Borenstein, 2011). With static retailpower, interact with wholesale markets. Section 1.1.2 presents underlying motivations for retail

  2. Why do we need electricity retailers?; or, can you get it cheaper wholesale?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joskow, Paul L.

    2000-01-01

    The opportunities for retail electricity competition to provide new value-added services to retail electricity consumers are discussed. The physical attributes of electricity supply make many of the traditional "convenience ...

  3. The Impact of Retail Rate Structures on the Economics of Commercial Photovoltaic Systems in California

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    To achieve a sizable and self-sustaining market for grid-connected, customer-sited photovoltaic (PV) systems, solar will likely need to be competitive with retail electricity rates. In this report, we examine the impact of retail rate design on the economic value of commercial PV systems in California. Using 15-minute interval building load and PV production data from 24 actual commercial PV installations, we compare the value of the bill savings across 20 commercial customer retail rates currently offered in the state. We find that the specifics of the rate structure, combined with the characteristics of the customer’s underlying load and the size of the PV system, can have a substantial impact on the customer-economics of commercial PV systems.

  4. Investment Efficiency in Competitive Electricity Markets With and Without Time-Varying Retail Prices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borenstein, Severin; Holland, Stephen P.

    2002-01-01

    homogeneous product in the retail market, and would face noin wholesale and retail markets Equilibrium prices in thec) = r. In the ?at-rate retail market, however, there is now

  5. THE ELECTRICITY RETAIL MARKET: REQUERIMENTS FOR AN E-BUSINESS SYSTEM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Monteiro, Edmundo

    THE ELECTRICITY RETAIL MARKET: REQUERIMENTS FOR AN E-BUSINESS SYSTEM Victor Santos ISCAC takes pace in the wholesale market where the retailers acquire the electricity that will sell of the technological structure for an electricity retail company in a deregulated electricity market are identified

  6. Wealth Transfers Among Large Customers from Implementing Real-Time Retail Electricity Pricing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borenstein, Severin

    2007-01-01

    for the electrical energy they consume would eliminate theconsume disproportionately at times when the retail price of the energy

  7. Uncertainties in the Value of Bill Savings from Behind-the-Meter, Residential Photovoltaic Systems: The Roles of Electricity Market Conditions, Retail Rate Design, and Net Metering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Darghouth, Naim Richard

    2013-01-01

    USA. CEC, 2012. Electricity Consumption by Planning Area [of customer gross electricity consumption, for three levelsresponse reduces electricity consumption, sometimes through

  8. Uncertainties in the Value of Bill Savings from Behind-the-Meter, Residential Photovoltaic Systems: The Roles of Electricity Market Conditions, Retail Rate Design, and Net Metering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Darghouth, Naim Richard

    2013-01-01

    payments in imperfect electricity markets: Need and design.Economics of Renewable Electricity Market Integration. Angeneration in the Irish electricity market, in: 30th IAEE/

  9. E-BUSINESS FOR THE ELECTRICITY RETAIL MARKET A Business to Client perspective

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Monteiro, Edmundo

    E-BUSINESS FOR THE ELECTRICITY RETAIL MARKET A Business to Client perspective Victor Santos ISCAC in the electricity sector. From generation to the final client there are two markets, the wholesale and the retail and in the United States. The goal of this paper is to present a model for the electricity retail market. Several

  10. Uncertainties in the Value of Bill Savings from Behind-the-Meter, Residential Photovoltaic Systems: The Roles of Electricity Market Conditions, Retail Rate Design, and Net Metering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Darghouth, Naim Richard

    2013-01-01

    energy conservation and distributed generation from elimination of electricof intermittent electric generation technologies. Energyof intermittent electric generation technologies. Energy

  11. Uncertainties in the Value of Bill Savings from Behind-the-Meter, Residential Photovoltaic Systems: The Roles of Electricity Market Conditions, Retail Rate Design, and Net Metering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Darghouth, Naim Richard

    2013-01-01

    Berkeley, CA, USA. CEC, 2012. Electricity Consumption byUSA. E3, 2010c. Greenhouse Gas Modeling of California’s Electricity

  12. Uncertainties in the Value of Bill Savings from Behind-the-Meter, Residential Photovoltaic Systems: The Roles of Electricity Market Conditions, Retail Rate Design, and Net Metering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Darghouth, Naim Richard

    2013-01-01

    2008. Capacity payments in imperfect electricity markets:capacity adequacy in the competitive electricity marketelectricity market design with price caps and a separate capacity market,

  13. Uncertainties in the Value of Bill Savings from Behind-the-Meter, Residential Photovoltaic Systems: The Roles of Electricity Market Conditions, Retail Rate Design, and Net Metering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Darghouth, Naim Richard

    2013-01-01

    on simulated electricity spot prices in Germany, using theelectricity generation on spot market prices in Germany.

  14. The Impact of Retail Rate Structures on the Economics of Commercial Photovoltaic Systems in California

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mills, Andrew; Wiser, Ryan; Barbose, Galen; Golove, William

    2008-05-11

    This article examines the impact of retail electricity rate design on the economic value of grid-connected photovoltaic (PV) systems, focusing on commercial customers in California. Using 15-minute interval building load and PV production data from a sample of 24 actual commercial PV installations, we compare the value of the bill savings across 20 commercial-customer retail electricity rates currently offered in the state. Across all combinations of customers and rates, we find that the annual bill savings from PV, per kWh generated, ranges from $0.05/kWh to $0.24/kWh. This sizable range in rate-reduction value reflects differences in rate structures, revenue requirements, the size of the PV system relative to building load, and customer load shape. The most significant rate design issue for the value of commercial PV is found to be the percentage of total utility bills recovered through demand charges, though a variety of other factors are also found to be of importance. The value of net metering is found to be substantial, but only when commercial PV systems represent a sizable portion of annual customer load. Though the analysis presented here is specific to California, our general results demonstrate the fundamental importance of retail rate design for the customer-economics of grid-connected, customer-sited PV.

  15. The impact of retail rate structures on the economics of commercial photovoltaic systems in California

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mills, Andrew D.; Wiser, Ryan; Barbose, Galen; Golove, William

    2008-06-24

    This article examines the impact of retail electricity rate design on the economic value of grid-connected photovoltaic (PV) systems, focusing on commercial customers in California. Using 15-min interval building load and PV production data from a sample of 24 actual commercial PV installations, we compare the value of the bill savings across 20 commercial-customer retail electricity rates currently offered in the state. Across all combinations of customers and rates, we find that the annual bill savings from PV, per kWh generated, ranges from $0.05 to $0.24/kWh. This sizable range in rate-reduction value reflects differences in rate structures, revenue requirements, the size of the PV system relative to building load, and customer load shape. The most significant rate design issue for the value of commercial PV is found to be the percentage of total utility bills recovered through demand charges, though a variety of other factors are also found to be of importance. The value of net metering is found to be substantial, but only when energy from commercial PV systems represents a sizable portion of annual customer load. Though the analysis presented here is specific to California, our general results demonstrate the fundamental importance of retail rate design for the customer-economics of grid-connected, customer-sited PV.

  16. The Impact of Rate Design and Net Metering on the Bill Savings from Distributed PV for Residential Customers in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Darghouth, Naim

    2010-01-01

    Electricity Rates..generation at retail electricity rates (Rose et al. 2009).of the underlying retail electricity rate, as well as on the

  17. Table 9. Retail electricity sales statistics, 2013

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    "Notes: Data are shown for All Sectors. Full Service Providers sell bundled electricity services (e.g., both energy and delivery) to end users. Full Service Providers may...

  18. Uncertainties in the Value of Bill Savings from Behind-the-Meter, Residential Photovoltaic Systems: The Roles of Electricity Market Conditions, Retail Rate Design, and Net Metering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Darghouth, Naim Richard

    2013-01-01

    by biomass, 1.5% by small hydro, and 0.3% by PV. The pricebiomass, geothermal, and small hydro electricity generation

  19. Uncertainties in the Value of Bill Savings from Behind-the-Meter, Residential Photovoltaic Systems: The Roles of Electricity Market Conditions, Retail Rate Design, and Net Metering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Darghouth, Naim Richard

    2013-01-01

    and Public Economies of Renewable Electricity Generation.wind power development. Renewable Energy 33, 1854–1867.SR-581-42303). National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL),

  20. Uncertainties in the Value of Bill Savings from Behind-the-Meter, Residential Photovoltaic Systems: The Roles of Electricity Market Conditions, Retail Rate Design, and Net Metering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Darghouth, Naim Richard

    2013-01-01

    Using hourly generator and load bid data from the Californias (CAISO) electricity bid data and simulated PV generationresults data. Market bid data is available online through

  1. Uncertainties in the Value of Bill Savings from Behind-the-Meter, Residential Photovoltaic Systems: The Roles of Electricity Market Conditions, Retail Rate Design, and Net Metering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Darghouth, Naim Richard

    2013-01-01

    into the day-ahead market, using solar production forecasts.Impact of Solar PV on Electricity Markets in Texas (PreparedS. , 2008. The Market Value and Cost of Solar Photovoltaic

  2. Retail risk management pricing electricity to manage customer risk

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mauldin, M.G.

    1997-06-01

    In the environment of direct customer access and supplier choice that is coming, experience teaches that customers will value the opportunity to control their price risk in a variety of ways. Suppliers that are sensitive to this desire and the varied ways of meeting it will have a distinct advantage. Large electricity customers are clearly awaiting the day the monopoly floodgates open because they believe cheap electricity from alternate suppliers will become available to them. But access and choice will mean more to utility retail customers than just the potential availability of low cost power. It will mean that customers will have the purchasing power to demand exactly what they want from their electricity provider. Some customers will want the lowest cost power available, which may mean that they purchase directly from the spot market. Others will want to use their new-found clout to purchase power of a certain guaranteed quality or reliability level, or to purchase on a pricing plan that fits their needs. For instance, business customers that sell goods under fixed price contracts may want to purchase electricity at a price that is fixed for a certain period - perhaps a quarter of a year. This article focuses on products that protect customers from the price risk they would face if they purchased directly from the spot market. First, it will address examples of products that are used to protect against price risk in the gas market, because these products indicate the type of offerings that may help electric customers manage price risks. Next, the article will highlight findings on desires of customers in the electricity market, and provide an overview of utility tariffs that can help customers control their price risk. Finally, it will discuss approaches that can be used to price these retail risk management products.

  3. Analysis of Competitive Electricity Markets under a New Model of Real-Time Retail Pricing with

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhatia, Sangeeta

    Analysis of Competitive Electricity Markets under a New Model of Real-Time Retail Pricing with Ex@tum.de Abstract--In this paper, we propose a new real-time retail pricing model characterized by ex and robustness properties than pure exant´e pricing. Index Terms--Real-Time Pricing, Market Stability, Economic

  4. Analysis of Competitive Electricity Markets under a New Model of Real-Time Retail Pricing with

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hirche, Sandra

    Analysis of Competitive Electricity Markets under a New Model of Real-Time Retail Pricing with Ex loop system. Under this pricing mechanism, electricity is priced at the exant´e price (calculated based, dahleh, mitter}@mit.edu Siemens Corporate Technology, Munich, Germany dragan

  5. Pricing Electricity for Default Customers: Pass Through or Performance-Based Rates?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley. University of

    becomes profitable, UDCs might use their distribution assets to stifle competition in the retail marketPWP-066 Pricing Electricity for Default Customers: Pass Through or Performance-Based Rates? Carl;1 Pricing Electricity for Default Customers: Pass Through or Performance-Based Rates? Carl Blumstein1 August

  6. Charges, Costs and Market Power in the Deregulated UK Electricity Retail Market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feigon, Brooke

    Charges, Costs and Market Power in the Deregulated UK Electricity Retail Market by Evens Salies by competitive forces in unregulated residential energy markets. We assess the competitiveness of the market methods and consumption levels. We also identify any additional market power of incumbency and the effect

  7. Charges, Costs and Market Power: the Deregulated UK Electricity Retail Market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    1 Charges, Costs and Market Power: the Deregulated UK Electricity Retail Market Evens Salies market was opened for the first time in 1999, introducing choice of supplier, and about 40% of households this process and assess the competitiveness of the market by examining how the charges levied by suppliers

  8. The calm before the storm. [Retail wheeling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Studness, C.M.

    1993-05-15

    The right to refuse retail wheeling requests is one of the cornerstones of a utility's monopoly power. Utilities have fought staunchly to preserve it, most recently in preventing retail wheeling from becoming an important issue in the congressional debate over deregulation; the Energy Policy Act of 1992 steered clear of it. For the present, the prohibition of retail wheeling gives utilities enormous power over the retail electric power market. The ability to refuse retail wheeling requests, of course, prevents retail customers from buying power from third parties. This enables a utility to sell retail customers all the power it can generate, at a price that covers its cost plus an allowed return-even if its price exceeds that of power available in the wholesale market. The denial of retail wheeling thus protects a utility's inefficiencies, whose price is ultimately shouldered onto customers through cost-plus electric rates. Allowing retail wheeling would remove the foundation for much of the current monopoly power that utilities enjoy. Third parties could sell power to a utility's retail customers, since the utility would be required to wheel it. Retail customers would be able to bypass the local distribution utility to buy power from the cheapest source available. Market forces would drive pricing rather than the cost-plus ratemaking process. A utility whose electric rates were above market would have to meet the competitive price or lose sales.

  9. Coordination of Retail Demand Response with Midwest ISO Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bharvirkar, Ranjit

    2008-01-01

    2. Wholesale and Retail Electricity Markets in the Midwestwholesale and retail electricity markets. When MISO calledthe wholesale and retail electricity markets in the Midwest

  10. On the Efficiency of Competitive Electricity Markets With Time-Invariant Retail Prices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borenstein, Severin; Holland, Stephen P.

    2003-01-01

    homogeneous product in the retail market, and P would facein wholesale and retail markets Equilibrium prices in thecompetitive investment and retail markets would attain the

  11. Electric Rate Alternatives to Cogeneration 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandberg, K. R. Jr.

    1988-01-01

    ALTERNATIVES TO COGENERATION" K. R. SANDBERG, JR. INDUSTRIAL ACCOUNTS MANAGER - TEXAS GULF STATES UTILITIES COMPANY BEAUMONT, TEXAS ABSTRACT This paper discusses electric rate slternatives to cogeneration for the industrisl customer and attempts... electricity to municipalities and rural electric cooperatives in both Texas and Louisiana. In Baton Rouge. GSU supplies steam and electricity to a large industrial customer through a cogeneration facility that the company has had in operation since...

  12. Retail Infrastructure Costs Comparison for Hydrogen and Electricity for Light-Duty Vehicles: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Melaina, M.; Sun, Y.; Bush, B.

    2014-08-01

    Both hydrogen and plug-in electric vehicles offer significant social benefits to enhance energy security and reduce criteria and greenhouse gas emissions from the transportation sector. However, the rollout of electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE) and hydrogen retail stations (HRS) requires substantial investments with high risks due to many uncertainties. We compare retail infrastructure costs on a common basis - cost per mile, assuming fueling service to 10% of all light-duty vehicles in a typical 1.5 million person city in 2025. Our analysis considers three HRS sizes, four distinct types of EVSE and two distinct EVSE scenarios. EVSE station costs, including equipment and installation, are assumed to be 15% less than today's costs. We find that levelized retail capital costs per mile are essentially indistinguishable given the uncertainty and variability around input assumptions. Total fuel costs per mile for battery electric vehicle (BEV) and plug-in hybrid vehicle (PHEV) are, respectively, 21% lower and 13% lower than that for hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV) under the home-dominant scenario. Including fuel economies and vehicle costs makes FCEVs and BEVs comparable in terms of costs per mile, and PHEVs are about 10% less than FCEVs and BEVs. To account for geographic variability in energy prices and hydrogen delivery costs, we use the Scenario Evaluation, Regionalization and Analysis (SERA) model and confirm the aforementioned estimate of cost per mile, nationally averaged, but see a 15% variability in regional costs of FCEVs and a 5% variability in regional costs for BEVs.

  13. A Mixed Nordic Experience: Implementing Competitive Retail Electricity Markets for Household Customers

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Olsen, Ole Jess; Johnsen, Tor Arnt; Lewis, Philip

    2006-11-15

    Although the Nordic countries were among the first to develop competition in the electricity industry, it took a long time to make retail competition work. In Norway and Sweden a considerable number of households are actively using the market but very few households are active in Finland and Denmark. One problem has been institutional barriers involving metering, limited unbundling of distribution and supply, and limited access to reliable information on contracts and prices. (author)

  14. Retail Demand Response in Southwest Power Pool

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bharvirkar, Ranjit

    2009-01-01

    and Retails Electricity Markets in SPP The Southwest Powerand Retails Electricity Markets in SPP.3 2.1 Wholesale Markets in the Southwest PowerRetail Demand Response in SPP Wholesale Markets in the Southwest Power

  15. A Nested Game-Based Optimization Framework for Electricity Retailers in the Smart Grid with Residential Users and PEVs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pedram, Massoud

    A Nested Game-Based Optimization Framework for Electricity Retailers in the Smart Grid California Los Angeles, CA USA {yli760, yanzhiwa, shahin, pedram}@usc.edu Abstract--In the smart grid, real to the smart grid with distributed control mechanism in order to reduce the amount of communication overhead

  16. Progress towards Managing Residential Electricity Demand: Impacts of Standards and Labeling for Refrigerators and Air Conditioners in India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McNeil, Michael A.

    2010-01-01

    and Cost of Conserved Energy Given estimates of retail price, UEC, marginal electricity prices and discount rates, calculation

  17. Retailer Energy Alliance Subcommittees

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2008-07-01

    This fact sheet describes the Retailer Energy Alliances Subcommittees: Lighting and Electrical, Restaurant and Food Preparation, Refrigeration, HVAC, and Whole Building Systems.

  18. Electric germs Source: scenta Rate this item

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lovley, Derek

    Electric germs Source: scenta Rate this item People in remote areas could benefit from fuel cells that contain bacteria that grows prolifically on the graphite anodes of fuel cells and can conduct electricity surface that conducted electricity. Presenting his findings at the Society for General Microbiology

  19. Rate making for Electric Utilities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hanson, Carl Falster

    1911-01-01

    , 1910 Arkadelphia Electric Light Company v City of Arkadelphia 137 S, W. 1093, 96 Ark, May 1, 1911 Beloit v, Beloit Water, Gas and Electric Company 7 f , B, C. R. 187,239, July 19, 1911. Columbus Railway and Light Company v. City of Columbus No..., 1206 in Equity U. S. Cir. Ct. Southern District of Ohio Eastern Division. Report of Special Master T. P. Lynn January 8, 1906 Consolidated Gas Company v. City of New York Circuit Court of U. S. Southern District N. Y. 13 157 Fed, 849 December 20...

  20. Essays on exchange rates and electricity demand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Xiangming, 1966-

    1999-01-01

    This thesis examines two important issues in economic development: exchange rates and electricity demand and addresses methodological issues of using time series and panel data analysis to investigate important policy ...

  1. An Analysis of the Retail and Lifecycle Cost of Battery-Powered Electric Vehicles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delucchi, Mark; Lipman, Timothy

    2001-01-01

    1997. Electric and hybrid electric vehicles: a technology1998. An assessment of electric vehicle life cycle costs tothe bene®ts of electric vehicles. Union of Concerned

  2. The role of vibrant retail electricity markets in assuring that wholesale power markets operate effectively

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goulding, A.J.; Rufin, C.; Swinand, G.

    1999-12-01

    Barriers to competitive supplier entry such as California's wholesale-price pass-through model can provide an almost insurmountable barrier to effective retail competition. The telecommunications, airline, and software industries provide lessons--positive and negative--on how creating competitive wholesale markets is insufficient to bring the benefits of competition to smaller consumers.

  3. Regional Dialogue Guidebook: Background on Products, Rates, and...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Page 3 of 59 Total Retail Load - Total Retail Load (TRL) means all retail electric power consumption within a customer's electrical system, including electric system losses,...

  4. Investment Efficiency in Competitive Electricity Markets With and Without Time-Varying Retail Prices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borenstein, Severin; Holland, Stephen P.

    2002-01-01

    and Demand Response in Electricity Markets, October 2002.Kleit. “Metering in Electricity Markets: Should It Be En-in Competitive Electricity Markets With and Without Time-

  5. On the Efficiency of Competitive Electricity Markets With Time-Invariant Retail Prices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borenstein, Severin; Holland, Stephen P.

    2003-01-01

    Andrew Kleit, “Metering in Electricity Markets: When is Moreand De- mand Response in Electricity Markets, October 2002.of Competitive Electricity Markets With Time-Invariant

  6. Intraclass Price Elasticity & Electric Rate Design 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gresham, K. E.

    1987-01-01

    beyond this becomes more elastic as usage increases. In the book "Innovative Electric, Rates," John Chamberlin and Charles Dickson utilize an economic model to test conservation programs. This model utilizes intrac1ass price elasticities and has a.... Utilities must rely on customer data and intuition to estimate customer response to rate changes. These methods have several downfalls. First, the customer data may not reflect customer behavior in an economic downturn. Second, the data may not exactly...

  7. The Impact of Retail Rate Structure on the Economics of Commercial Photovoltaic Systems in California

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Financing ToolInternational Affairs,Department of Energy The Final 40%:TheTheImpact of Retail

  8. The Impact of Retail Rate Structures on the Economics of Commercial Photovoltaic Systems in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiser, Ryan; Mills, Andrew; Barbose, Galen; Golove, William

    2007-01-01

    Capacity Investor Owned Utility Los Angeles Department of Water & Power Pacific Gas & Electric photovoltaic

  9. Retail Beef Tenderness Surveillance: Assessment of Warner-Bratzler Shear, Slice Shear and Sensory Panel Ratings for Beef From US Retail Establishments 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Igo, Meagan W

    2013-12-09

    The purpose of this study was to obtain beef top loin steaks (n=1,613) from retail stores in four cities across the United States for WBS, SSF and consumer sensory determinations. The study was conducted over a 12-month period by four universities...

  10. Tips: Time-Based Electricity Rates | Department of Energy

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Tips: Time-Based Electricity Rates Tips: Time-Based Electricity Rates July 27, 2014 - 8:09pm Addthis Time-based electricity programs encourage you to use energy when the demand is...

  11. The Impact of Retail Rate Structures on the Economics ofCustomer-Sited PV: A Study of Commercial Installations inCalifornia

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wiser, Ryan; Mills, Andrew; Barbose, Galen; Golove, William

    2007-06-01

    We analyze the impact of retail rate design on the economics of grid-connected commercial photovoltaic (PV) systems in California. The analysis is based on 15-minute interval building load and PV production data for 24 commercial PV installations in California, spanning a diverse set of building load shapes and geographic locations. We derive the annual bill savings per kWh generated for each PV system, under each of 21 distinct retail rates currently offered by the five largest utilities in California. We identify and explain variation in the value of bill savings attributable to differences in the structure of demand and energy charges across rates, as well as variation attributable to other factors, such as the size of the PV system relative to building load, the specific shape of the PV production profile, and the customer load profile. We also identify the optimal rate for each customer, among those rates offered as alternatives to one another, and show how the decision is driven in large measure by the size of the PV system relative to building load. The findings reported here may be of value to regulators and utilities responsible for designing retail rates, as well as to customers and PV retailers who have a need to estimate the prospective bill savings of PV systems.

  12. Electricity Monthly Update

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    RatesPrices and Consumption The second section presents statistics on end-use: retail ratesprices and consumption of electricity. End-use data is the first "data page" based...

  13. The Impact of Retail Rate Structures on the Economics of Commercial Photovoltaic Systems in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiser, Ryan; Mills, Andrew; Barbose, Galen; Golove, William

    2007-01-01

    solar energy systems so that the system's peak electricitysolar energy systems so that the system's peak electricitysolar energy systems continue to have an incentive to use electricity

  14. The Impact of Retail Rate Structures on the Economics of Commercial Photovoltaic Systems in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiser, Ryan; Mills, Andrew; Barbose, Galen; Golove, William

    2007-01-01

    the societal benefits and costs of PV systems (economicthe value of PV (behind the average cost of electricity). Atthe financial costs and benefits of PV from the customer’s

  15. The impact of retail rate structures on the economics of commercial photovoltaic systems in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Andrew D.

    2009-01-01

    of customer-sited solar markets. We hope that the analysisI. 2005. “Solar PV Electricity and Market Characteristics:metering Introduction The solar power market is growing at a

  16. The Impact of Retail Rate Structures on the Economics of Commercial Photovoltaic Systems in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Andrew

    2009-01-01

    of customer-sited solar markets. We hope that the analysisI. 2005. “Solar PV Electricity and Market Characteristics:metering Introduction The solar power market is growing at a

  17. FITCH RATES ENERGY NORTHWEST, WA'S ELECTRIC REV RFDG BONDS 'AA...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    FITCH RATES ENERGY NORTHWEST, WA'S ELECTRIC REV RFDG BONDS 'AA'; OUTLOOK STABLE Fitch Ratings-Austin-22 September 2015: Fitch Ratings assigns its 'AA' rating to the following bonds...

  18. Table 3. Top five retailers of electricity, with end use sectors...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    sectors","Residential","Commercial","Industrial","Transportation" 1,"Green Mountain Power Corp","Investor-owned",4295605,1556518,1560705,1178382,0 2,"Vermont Electric...

  19. Table 3. Top five retailers of electricity, with end use sectors...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Carolina" "megawatthours" ,"Entity","Type of provider","All sectors","Residential","Commercial","Industrial","Transportation" 1,"South Carolina Electric&Gas Company","Investor-owne...

  20. Table 3. Top five retailers of electricity, with end use sectors...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Gas & Electric Co","Investor-owned",3318069,819012,2248828,250229,0 " ","Total Sales, Top Five Providers",,54871207,17074227,20258674,17538306,0 " ","Percent of Total State...

  1. Table 3. Top five retailers of electricity, with end use sectors...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    5,"UNS Electric, Inc","Investor-owned",1699307,843617,609437,246253,0 " ","Total sales, top five providers",,67996498,30598915,26380482,11017101,0 " ","Percent of total state...

  2. Table 3. Top five retailers of electricity, with end use sectors...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Electric Assn Inc","Cooperative",481573,179868,180983,120722,0 " ","Total sales, top five providers",,4668523,1593424,2066745,1008354,0 " ","Percent of total state...

  3. Table 3. Top five retailers of electricity, with end use sectors...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    County Electric Coop, Inc","Cooperative",802924,83420,400831,318673,0 " ","Total sales, top five providers",,17659537,5444921,7581145,4633471,0 " ","Percent of total state...

  4. Table 3. Top five retailers of electricity, with end use sectors...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Oklahoma" "megawatthours" ,"Entity","Type of provider","All sectors","Residential","Commercial","Industrial","Transportation" 1,"Oklahoma Gas & Electric Co","Investor-owned",242030...

  5. Driving Smart Growth: Electric Vehicle Adoption and OffPeak Electricity Rates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holsinger, Kent

    Driving Smart Growth: Electric Vehicle Adoption and OffPeak Electricity Rates Peter with either flat or variable electricity rates. Michigan's Detroit Edison Energy (DTE) early experience recharging units, free parking commensurate with lower emissions, and offpeak or flat electricity rates

  6. Electricity Monthly Update

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    End Use: December 2014 Retail ratesprices and consumption In this section, we look at what electricity costs and how much is purchased. Charges for retail electric service are...

  7. Table 3. Top five retailers of electricity, with end use sectors...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Electric Power Co","Investor-owned",6528219,3041190,2467326,1019703,0 5,"Total sales, top five providers","Investor-owned",5107746,1869807,2745351,481245,11343 " ","Percent of...

  8. Table 3. Top five retailers of electricity, with end use sectors...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    District Electric Co","Investor-owned",4085362,1727403,1523139,834820,0 5,"Total sales, top five providers","Public",3003065,1025880,1557790,419395,0 " ","Percent of total state...

  9. Table 3. Top five retailers of electricity, with end use sectors...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Electric Utilities Corp","Investor-owned",9154327,7469000,1587178,98149,0 5,"PPL EnergyPlus LLC","Investor-owned",9048664,1235909,3987959,3824796,0 " ","Total sales, top five...

  10. Table 3. Top five retailers of electricity, with end use sectors...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Energy LLC - (MT)","Investor-Owned",5964495,2409714,3095129,459652,0 2,"PPL EnergyPlus LLC","Investor-Owned",2219237,0,125451,2093786,0 3,"Flathead Electric Coop...

  11. Policy Issues for Retail Beamed Power Transmission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    electric power on Earth is transmitted using wired power transmission systems. In this system, electricalPolicy Issues for Retail Beamed Power Transmission Girish Chowdhary, Rajeev Gadre, Narayanan solar electric power using retail delivery of beamed power. Recent advances in power beaming have made

  12. Monitoring and Characterization of Miscellaneous Electrical Loads in a Large Retail Environment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gentile-Polese, L.; Frank, S.; Sheppy, M.; Lobato, C.; Rader, E.; Smith, J.; Long, N.

    2014-02-01

    Buildings account for 40% of primary energy consumption in the United States (residential 22%; commercial 18%). Most (70% residential and 79% commercial) is used as electricity. Thus, almost 30% of U.S. primary energy is used to provide electricity to buildings. Plug loads play an increasingly critical role in reducing energy use in new buildings (because of their increased efficiency requirements), and in existing buildings (as a significant energy savings opportunity). If all installed commercial building miscellaneous electrical loads (CMELs) were replaced with energy-efficient equipment, a potential annual energy saving of 175 TWh, or 35% of the 504 TWh annual energy use devoted to MELs, could be achieved. This energy saving is equivalent to the annual energy production of 14 average-sized nuclear power plants. To meet DOE's long-term goals of reducing commercial building energy use and carbon emissions, the energy efficiency community must better understand the components and drivers of CMEL energy use, and develop effective reduction strategies. These goals can be facilitated through improved data collection and monitoring methodologies, and evaluation of CMELs energy-saving techniques.

  13. Effects of electricity rates and rate structures on pump irrigation: an eastern Colorado case study

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gardner, R.L.; Young, R.A.

    1984-11-01

    This article analyzes the effects of electricity rate policy on electricity demand (and the derived effect on irrigation water use) via a case study in eastern Colorado. Empirical demand curves for electricity for pump irrigation are estimated. Alternative rate structures are tested for their effect on electricity and water use patterns, farm income, and utility revenue. Particular attention is given to the problem of modeling a declining block structure. 11 references, 1 figure, 3 tables.

  14. The Impacts of Commercial Electric Utility Rate Structure Elements...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    FERC Presendation: Demand Response as Power System Resources, October 29, 2010 Future Power Systems 21 - The Smart Customer Retail Demand Response in Southwest Power Pool...

  15. Tenderness Assessment of Beef Steaks from US Foodservice and Retail Establishments Using Warner-Bratzler Shear and Consumer Sensory Panel Ratings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guelker, Miles

    2012-02-14

    Beef retail steaks from establishments in twelve US cities and beef foodservice steaks from establishments in five US cities were evaluated using Warner-Bratzler shear and consumer sensory panels. Postmortem aging times for retail establishments...

  16. Interruptible Electric Rates: Where We Are Today 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frees, R. J.

    1982-01-01

    of energy management. Within the past few years, time-of-use rates, for both industrial and residential users, have been touted as the answer to shaving peaks and filling valleys in a utility's load curve. Their effectiveness in doing so, however, is still...

  17. RECONCILIATION OF RETAILER CLAIMS, 2002

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    electricity generators who report meter data to a system operator to also report generation, fuel type requires retail providers of electricity to disclose fuel source information to consumers about, and fuel type consumed (as a percentage of generation) data to the system operator on a quarterly basis

  18. RECONCILIATION OF RETAILER CLAIMS, COMMISSIONREPORT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ." All retail providers of electricity must disclose fuel source information to consumers about's default product. #12;- 2 - The law also requires all electricity generators who report meter data to a system operator to also report generation (in kWh), generator technology, and fuel type consumed (as

  19. Circadian rhythms in electric waveform structure and rate in the electric fish Brachyhypopomus pinnicaudatus

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stoddard, Philip

    and that save energy during the day when the fish are quiescent [1­4]. At the behavioral level, the dayCircadian rhythms in electric waveform structure and rate in the electric fish Brachyhypopomus in revised form 11 July 2006; accepted 15 August 2006 Abstract Weakly electric fish have long been known

  20. Healthy Zero Energy Buildings (HZEB) Program - Cross-Sectional Study of Contaminant Levels, Source, Strengths, and Ventilation Rates in Retail Stores

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chan, Wanyu R.; Sidheswaran, Meera; Cohn, Sebastian; Sullivan, Douglas P.; Fisk, William

    2014-02-01

    This field study measured ventilation rates and indoor air quality parameters in 21 visits to retail stores in California. The data was collected to guide the development of new, science-based commercial building ventilation rate standards that balance the dual objectives of increasing energy efficiency and maintaining acceptable indoor air quality. Data collection occurred between September 2011 and March 2013. Three types of stores participated in this study: grocery stores, furniture/hardware stores, and apparel stores. Ventilation rates and indoor air contaminant concentrations were measured on a weekday, typically between 9 am and 6 pm. Ventilation rates measured using a tracer gas decay method exceeded the minimum requirement of California’s Title 24 Standard in all but one store. Even though there was adequate ventilation according to Title 24, concentrations of formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, and acrolein exceeded the most stringent chronic health guidelines. Other indoor air contaminants measured included carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}), carbon monoxide (CO), ozone (O{sub 3}), and particulate matter (PM). Concentrations of CO{sub 2} were kept low by adequate ventilation, and were assumed low also because the sampling occurred on a weekday when retail stores were less busy. CO concentrations were also low. The indoor-outdoor ratios of O{sub 3} showed that the first-order loss rate may vary by store trade types and also by ventilation mode (mechanical versus natural). Analysis of fine and ultrafine PM measurements showed that a substantial portion of the particle mass in grocery stores with cooking-related emissions was in particles less than 0.3 ?m. Stores without cooking as an indoor source had PM size distributions that were more similar indoors and outdoors. The whole-building emission rates of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and PM were estimated from the measured ventilation rates and indoor and outdoor contaminant concentrations. Mass balance models were then used to determine the ventilation rates, filtration strategies, or source reductions needed to maintain indoor contaminant concentrations below reference levels. Several scenarios of potential concern were considered: (i) formaldehyde levels in furniture/hardware stores, (ii) contaminants associated with cooking (e.g., PM, acrolein, and acetaldehyde) in grocery stores, and (iii) outdoor contaminants (e.g., PM and O{sub 3}) impacting stores that use natural ventilation. Estimated formaldehyde emission rates suggest that retail stores would need to ventilate at levels far exceeding the current Title 24 requirement to lower indoor concentrations below California’s stringent formaldehyde reference level. Given the high costs of providing ventilation but only modest chronic health benefit is expected, effective source control is an attractive alternative, as demonstrated by some retail stores in this study. Predictions showed that grocery stores need MERV 13 air filters, instead of MERV 8 filters that are more commonly used, to maintain indoor PM at levels that meet the chronic health standards for PM. Exposure to acrolein is a potential health concern in grocery stores, and should be addressed by increasing the use of kitchen range hoods or improving their contaminant removal efficiency. In stores that rely on natural ventilation, indoor PM can be a health concern if the stores are located in areas with high outdoor PM. This concern may be addressed by switching to mechanical ventilation when the outdoor air quality is poor, while continuing natural ventilation when outdoor air quality is good.

  1. The Market Value and Cost of Solar Photovoltaic Electricity Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borenstein, Severin

    2008-01-01

    Renew- ables”, The Electricity Journal, Volume 14 (2001),from Real-Time Retail Electricity Pricing: Bill VolatilityReal- Time Retail Electricity Pricing,” Energy Journal,28(

  2. Semiclassical pair production rate for rotating electric fields

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eckhard Strobel; She-Sheng Xue

    2015-02-09

    We semiclassically investigate Schwinger pair production for pulsed rotating electric fields depending on time. To do so we solve the Dirac equation for two-component fields in a WKB-like approximation. The result shows that for two-component fields the spin distribution of produced pairs is generally not $1:1$. As a result the pair creation rates of spinor and scalar quantum electro dynamics (QED) are different even for one pair of turning points. For rotating electric fields the pair creation rate is dominated by particles with a specific spin depending on the sense of rotation for a certain range of pulse lengths and frequencies. We present an analytical solution for the momentum spectrum of the constant rotating field. We find interference effects not only in the momentum spectrum but also in the total particle number of rotating electric fields.

  3. CSEM WP 119 California's Electricity Crisis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley. University of

    ;2 that included a freeze on retail rates, and the venality of electricity producers. As I describe in this paperCSEM WP 119 California's Electricity Crisis: A Market Apart? James Bushnell November 2003.ucei.org #12;California's Electricity Crisis: A Market Apart? November 2003 James Bushnell1 Abstract

  4. Biological Electric Fields and Rate Equations for Biophotons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Alvermann; Y. N. Srivastava; J. Swain; A. Widom

    2014-04-13

    Ultraweak bioluminescence - the emission of biophotons - remains an experimentally well-established, but theoretically poorly understood phenomenon. This paper presents several related investigations into the physical process of both spontaneous biophoton emission and delayed luminescence. Since light intensities depend upon the modulus squared of their corresponding electric fields we first make some general estimates about the inherent electric fields within various biological systems. Since photon emission from living matter following an initial excitation ("delayed luminescence") typically does not follow a simple exponential decay law after excitation we discuss such non-exponential decays from a general theoretical perspective and argue that they are often to be expected and why. We then discuss the dynamics behind some nonlinear rate equations, connecting them both to biological growth rates and biophoton emission rates, noting a possible connection with cancer. We then return to non-exponential decay laws seen for delayed luminescence in an experimental context and again note a possible connection with cancer.

  5. Nations of Retailers: The Comparative Political Economy of Retail Trade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, Bartholomew Clark

    2011-01-01

    institutions, and retail market structure. Next, threeof these firms on retail markets across the globe today.controlled much of the retail market), conflicts between

  6. Nations of Retailers: The Comparative Political Economy of Retail Trade

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, Bartholomew Clark

    2011-01-01

    lean retail strategy that uses market power and digitalpower resources, bargaining institutions, and retail marketProducer Power, and the “Push” System The retail markets in

  7. Electricity Rate Structures and the Economics of Solar PV: Could Mandatory Time-of-Use Rates Undermine California’s Solar Photovoltaic Subsidies?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borenstein, Severin

    2007-01-01

    CSEM WP 172 Electricity Rate Structures and the Economics of94720-5180 www.ucei.org Electricity Rate Structures and thefuture of California electricity rate levels and rate design

  8. Price Responsive Demand in New York Wholesale Electricity Market using OpenADR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Joyce Jihyun

    2013-01-01

    electricity markets by creating a link between wholesale and retail markets (electricity markets by creating a link between wholesale and retail markets (electricity supply (KEMA 2012). While such trend stimulates the growth of a competitive retail market,

  9. Electrical conductivity and thermal dilepton rate from quenched lattice QCD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olaf Kaczmarek; Anthony Francis

    2011-09-19

    We report on a continuum extrapolation of the vector current correlation function for light valence quarks in the deconfined phase of quenched QCD. This is achieved by performing a systematic analysis of the influence of cut-off effects on light quark meson correlators at $T\\simeq 1.45 T_c$ using clover improved Wilson fermions. We discuss resulting constraints on the electrical conductivity and the thermal dilepton rate in a quark gluon plasma. In addition new results at 1.2 and 3.0 $T_c$ will be presented.

  10. Dynamic Line Rating Oncor Electric Delivery Smart Grid Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, Justin; Smith, Cale; Young, Mike; Donohoo, Ken; Owen, Ross; Clark, Eddit; Espejo, Raul; Aivaliotis, Sandy; Stelmak, Ron; Mohr, Ron; Barba, Cristian; Gonzalez, Guillermo; Malkin, Stuart; Dimitrova, Vessela; Ragsdale, Gary; Mitchem, Sean; Jeirath, Nakul; Loomis, Joe; Trevino, Gerardo; Syracuse, Steve; Hurst, Neil; Mereness, Matt; Johnson, Chad; Bivens, Carrie

    2013-05-04

    Electric transmission lines are the lifeline of the electric utility industry, delivering its product from source to consumer. This critical infrastructure is often constrained such that there is inadequate capacity on existing transmission lines to efficiently deliver the power to meet demand in certain areas or to transport energy from high-generation areas to high-consumption regions. When this happens, the cost of the energy rises; more costly sources of power are used to meet the demand or the system operates less reliably. These economic impacts are known as congestion, and they can amount to substantial dollars for any time frame of reference: hour, day or year. There are several solutions to the transmission constraint problem, including: construction of new generation, construction of new transmission facilities, rebuilding and reconductoring of existing transmission assets, and Dynamic Line Rating (DLR). All of these options except DLR are capital intensive, have long lead times and often experience strong public and regulatory opposition. The Smart Grid Demonstration Program (SGDP) project co-funded by the Department of Energy (DOE) and Oncor Electric Delivery Company developed and deployed the most extensive and advanced DLR installation to demonstrate that DLR technology is capable of resolving many transmission capacity constraint problems with a system that is reliable, safe and very cost competitive. The SGDP DLR deployment is the first application of DLR technology to feed transmission line real-time dynamic ratings directly into the system operation’s State Estimator and load dispatch program, which optimizes the matching of generation with load demand on a security, reliability and economic basis. The integrated Dynamic Line Rating (iDLR)1 collects transmission line parameters at remote locations on the lines, calculates the real-time line rating based on the equivalent conductor temperature, ambient temperature and influence of wind and solar radiation on the stringing section, transmits the data to the Transmission Energy Management System, validates its integrity and passes it on to Oncor and ERCOT (Electric Reliability Council of Texas) respective system operations. The iDLR system is automatic and transparent to ERCOT System Operations, i.e., it operates in parallel with all other system status telemetry collected through Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) employed across the company.

  11. CANNED FISH RETAIL PRICES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CANNED FISH RETAIL PRICES UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE BUREAU PRICES APRIL 1959 Prepared in the Bureau of Commercial Fisheries Branch of Market Development FISHERY with the Bureau of Labor Statistics to obtain a v e rage retail prices for selected canned fish items. The retail

  12. CANNED FISH RETAIL PRICES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CANNED FISH RETAIL PRICES DECEMBER 1958 UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR FISH AND WILDLIFE, Commissioner CANNED FISH RETAIL PRICES DECEMBER 1958 Prepared in the Bureau of Commercial Fisheries Branch canned fish items. The retail prices as contained herein for s veral types of canned tuna, canned salmon

  13. CANNED FISH RETAIL PRICES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CANNED FISH RETAIL PRICES NOVEMBER 1958 UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR FISH AND WILDLIFE retail prices for selected canned fish items. The retail prices as contained herein for several types. Department of Labor in order to provide information on price levels in different cities. This issue contains

  14. CANNED FISH RETAIL PRICES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CANNED FISH RETAIL PRICES JUNE ll959 UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR FISH AND WILDUFE, Commissioner CANNED FISH RETAIL PRICES JUNE 1959 Prepared in the Bureau of Commercial Fisheries Branch Fisheries has contracted with the Bureau of Labo r Statistics to obtain average retail prices for selected

  15. CANNED FISH RETAIL .PRICES,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CANNED FISH RETAIL .PRICES, OC1rOIBrE~ UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INT...n.~""n FISH retail prices for selected canned fish items. The retail prices as contained herein for several types. Department of Labor in order to provide information on price levels in different cities. This issue contains

  16. CANNED FISH RETAIL PRICES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CANNED FISH RETAIL PRICES JA.NUARY 11959 UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR FISH AND WILDLIFE, Commissioner CANNED FISH RETAIL PRICES JANUARY 195 9 Prepared in the Bureau of Commercial Fisheries Branch Fisheries has contracted with the Bureau of Labor Statistics to obtain average retail prices for se lected

  17. CANNED FISH RETAIL PRICES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CANNED FISH RETAIL PRICES MARCH 1959 UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR FISH AND WILDLIFE, Commissioner CANNED FISH RETAIL PRICES MARCH 1959 Prepared in the Bureau of Commercial Fisheries Branch canned fish items. The retail prices as contain d h rein for s veral types of canned tuna, canned salmon

  18. Retail wheeling: Is this revolution necessary?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cudahy, R.D.

    1994-12-31

    As of a former state regulator and a once enthusiastic practitioner of public utility law, I find it fascinating to see the latest nostrum to burst on the electric utility scene: retail wheeling. Wheeling became a personal interest in the Texas interconnection fight of the late seventies and may have led to the interconnection and wheeling provision of the Public Utilities Regulatory Policies Act (PURPA). Retail wheeling contemplates that every electric power customer should be given an opportunity to seek out the lowest cost source of power wherever it can be found. As a practical matter, the drums for retail wheeling are presently being beaten by large industrial users, who believe that they have the capability to find low cost sources and to make advantageous commercial arrangements to acquire electricity. Large industrials have long been fighting the utilities for cheaper electricity, frequently using the threat of self-generation and cogeneration.

  19. GSEAS Graduation and Time to Degree Rates Electrical and Computer Engineering, 2008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    GSEAS Graduation and Time to Degree Rates Electrical and Computer Engineering, 2008 Rate Graduation and Time to Degree Rates Electrical and Computer Engineering, 2008 PhD Rate # of Students 3 # of Students 331 # of Graduates 257 77.6% Avg Time to Degree 24.3 590 Rate # of Students 38 # of Graduates 33

  20. GSEAS Graduation and Time to Degree Rates Electrical and Computer Engineering, 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    GSEAS Graduation and Time to Degree Rates Electrical and Computer Engineering, 2010 Rate Graduation and Time to Degree Rates Electrical and Computer Engineering, 2010 PhD Rate # of Graduates # of Graduates 292 # of Students 445 65.6% Avg Time to Degree 22.5 590 Rate # of Graduates 23 # of Students 31 74

  1. Estimating the Value of Electricity Storage Resources in Electricity...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    understanding the role electricity storage resources (storage) can play in wholesale and retail electricity markets, 2) assessing the value of electricity storage in a variety of...

  2. Tips: Time-Based Electricity Rates | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Time-based electricity programs encourage you to use energy when the demand is low by giving you a lower price for electricity during those times. Time-based electricity programs...

  3. Farmers Electric Cooperative (Kalona)- Renewable Energy Purchase Rate

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Farmers Electric Cooperative offers a production incentive to members that install qualifying wind and solar electricity generating systems. Qualifying grid-tied solar and wind energy systems are...

  4. Video-rate terahertz electric-field vector imaging

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Takai, Mayuko; Takeda, Masatoshi; Sasaki, Manabu; Tachizaki, Takehiro; Yasumatsu, Naoya; Watanabe, Shinichi, E-mail: watanabe@phys.keio.ac.jp [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science and Technology, Keio University, 3-14-1 Hiyoshi, Kohoku-ku, Yokohama, Kanagawa 223-8522 (Japan)

    2014-10-13

    We present an experimental setup to dramatically reduce a measurement time for obtaining spatial distributions of terahertz electric-field (E-field) vectors. The method utilizes the electro-optic sampling, and we use a charge-coupled device to detect a spatial distribution of the probe beam polarization rotation by the E-field-induced Pockels effect in a ?110?-oriented ZnTe crystal. A quick rotation of the ZnTe crystal allows analyzing the terahertz E-field direction at each image position, and the terahertz E-field vector mapping at a fixed position of an optical delay line is achieved within 21 ms. Video-rate mapping of terahertz E-field vectors is likely to be useful for achieving real-time sensing of terahertz vector beams, vector vortices, and surface topography. The method is also useful for a fast polarization analysis of terahertz beams.

  5. Innovation, Retail Performance and Zero Emission Vehicle Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    ;3 "Encourage and support auto dealers to increase sales and leases of ZEVs." (p. 15) " " Why Study the Retail1 Innovation, Retail Performance and Zero Emission Vehicle Policy Eric Cahill Research Briefing Market for Plug-in Electric Vehicles (PEVs)? #12;4 Policy Focus is on Automakers and Consumers Government

  6. Notes2Providers.doc -1-Notes to Retail Providers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    providers that purchase electricity from a power pool that submits an Annual Report to the Energy CommissionNotes2Providers.doc -1- Notes to Retail Providers February 2003 Power Source Disclosure an energy mix or fuel mix different than the California Mix, (Net System Power)i . As a retail provider you

  7. 2004 Notes2Providers.doc -1-Notes to Retail Providers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    with the meter data reported to the system operator (Retail providers that purchase electricity from a power pool2004 Notes2Providers.doc -1- Notes to Retail Providers February 2005 Power Source Disclosure than the California Mix, (Net System Power)i . As a retail provider you are probably aware that all

  8. Effects of Price-Responsive Residential Demand on Retail and Wholesale Power Market Operations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    1 Effects of Price-Responsive Residential Demand on Retail and Wholesale Power Market Operations/C) on integrated retail and wholesale power market operations. The physical operations of the A/C sys- tem, and distribution of electric power was mo- nopolistically controlled by vertically integrated utilities with retail

  9. Electric field noise above surfaces: a model for heating rate scaling law in ion traps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Electric field noise above surfaces: a model for heating rate scaling law in ion traps R. Dubessy try to account for this heating rate by considering typical electric noise sources in conductors, 2008) Abstract We present a model for the scaling laws of the electric field noise spectral density

  10. Electrical conductivity as an indicator of iron reduction rates in abiotic and biotic systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singha, Kamini

    Electrical conductivity as an indicator of iron reduction rates in abiotic and biotic systems Aaron; published 16 April 2011. [1] Although changes in bulk electrical conductivity (b) in aquifers have been. To explore the use of electrical conductivity to measure reaction rates, we conducted iron oxide reduction

  11. Demand Response in U.S. Electricity Markets: Empirical Evidence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cappers, Peter

    2009-01-01

    U.S. electric power markets (i.e. , retail and wholesale),power markets. In 2008, customers enrolled in existing wholesale and retail

  12. The economic impact of state ordered avoided cost rates for photovoltaic generated electricity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bottaro, Drew

    1981-01-01

    The Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act (PURPA) of 1978 requires that electric utilities purchase electricity generated by small power producers (QFs) such as photovoltaic systems at rates that will encourage the ...

  13. C. Mensah-Bonsu, S. Oren California Electricity Market Crisis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    froze retail rates at low levels and banked on low whole- sale prices to support a profit mar- gin highC. Mensah-Bonsu, S. Oren California Electricity Market Crisis: Causes, Remedies, and Prevention The competitive electric power market of the state of California began operation on 31 March 1998

  14. C. Mensah-Bonsu, S. Oren California Electricity Market Crisis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oren, Shmuel S.

    to serve remain- ing customers. G California froze retail rates at low levels and banked on low whole- saleC. Mensah-Bonsu, S. Oren California Electricity Market Crisis: Causes, Remedies, and Prevention The competitive electric power market of the state of California began operation on 31 March 1998

  15. Maximizing the Value of Photovoltaic Installations on Schools in California: Choosing the Best Electricity Rates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ong, S.; Denholm, P.

    2011-07-01

    Schools in California often have a choice between multiple electricity rate options. For schools with photovoltaic (PV) installations, choosing the right rate is essential to maximize the value of PV generation. The rate option that minimizes a school?s electricity expenses often does not remain the most economical choice after the school installs a PV system. The complex interaction between PV generation, building load, and rate structure makes determining the best rate a challenging task. This report evaluates 22 rate structures across three of California?s largest electric utilities--Pacific Gas and Electric Co. (PG&E), Southern California Edison (SCE), and San Diego Gas and Electric (SDG&E)--in order to identify common rate structure attributes that are favorable to PV installations.

  16. REPORT TO CONGRESS ON COMPETITION IN WHOLESALE AND RETAIL MARKETS...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Competition Task Force"3 (Task Force) to conduct a study of competition in wholesale and retail markets for electricity in the United States. Section 1815(b)(2)(B) required the...

  17. February 10, 2003 Dear Retail Provider

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    that purchase electricity from a power pool that submits an Annual Report to the Energy Commission may provideFebruary 10, 2003 Dear Retail Provider: Subject: Power Source Disclosure and Customer Credit on the mailing lists for the Power Source Disclosure Program and the Customer Credit Program. As someone involved

  18. Retail Choice Experiments: Comparing Early-AdopterExperience

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Golove, William

    2003-03-01

    This paper reviews the experience with retail choice of non-residential electricity customers during the period from early 1998 through the first few months of 2000. Key findings include: (1) customers in California received a significantly smaller discount from utility tariffs than customers in other competitive markets; (2) this sample of large commercial/industrial customers believed they were benefiting significantly more from commodity savings from contracts with retail electricity service providers (RESP) than from value-added services; and,(3) market rules appear to be critical to customer experiences with retail competition, yet the relationship between market rules and market development is inadequately understood.

  19. Impact of Industrial Electric Rate Structure on Energy Conservation - A Utility Viewpiont 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Williams, M. M.

    1981-01-01

    As the price of energy rises, changes in industrial electric rates will have an impact on energy usage and conservation. Utilities interested in reducing system peak demands may reflect this need in the rate structure as an incentive...

  20. The great ``retail wheeling`` illusion, and more productive energy futures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cavanagh, R.

    1994-12-31

    This paper sets out the reasons why many environmental and public interest organizations oppose retail wheeling. Cavanagh argues that retail wheeling would destroy incentives for energy efficiency improvements and renewable energy generation--benefits that reduce long-term energy service costs to society as a whole. The current debate over the competitive restructuring of the electric power industry is critical from both economic and environmental perspectives. All attempts to introduce broad-scale retail wheeling in the United States have failed; instead, state regulators are choosing a path that emphasizes competition and choice, but acknowledges fundamental differences between wholesale and retail markets. Given the physical laws governing the movement of power over centrally controlled grids, the choice offered to customers through retail wheeling of electricity is a fiction -- a re-allocation of costs is all that is really possible. Everyone wants to be able to claim the cheapest electricity on the system; unfortunately, there is not enough to go around. By endorsing the fiction of retail wheeling for certain types of customers, regulators would be recasting the retail electricity business as a kind of commodity exchange. That would reward suppliers who could minimize near-term unit costs of electricity while simultaneously destroying incentives for many investments, including cost-effective energy efficiency improvements and renewable energy generation, that reduce long-term energy service costs to society as a whole. This result, which has been analogized unpersuasively to trends in telecommunications and natural gas regulation, is neither desirable nor inevitable. States should go on saying no to retail wheeling in order to be able to create something better: regulatory reforms that align utility and societal interests in pursuing a least-cost energy future. An appendix contains notes on some recent Retail Wheeling Campaigns.

  1. THE GEOGRAPHIC EXTENT OF UK RETAIL BANKING MARKETS John K. Ashton

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feigon, Brooke

    1 THE GEOGRAPHIC EXTENT OF UK RETAIL BANKING MARKETS by John K. Ashton CCR Working Paper CCR 03-4 Abstract This study examines the geographical extent of UK markets for retail banking services, which Institutions Mortgages Key Terms: Retail Banking: Interest rates: Market Definition: Mortgages Acknowledgements

  2. Retail Demand Response in Southwest Power Pool

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bharvirkar, Ranjit

    2009-01-01

    in wholesale and retail markets. The survey template wasvia wholesale or retail markets. DR incentive paymentsof DR in wholesale and retail market and system operations.

  3. Monthly/Annual Energy Review - electricity section

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2015-01-01

    Monthly and latest annual statistics on electricity generation, capacity, end-use, fuel use and stocks, and retail price.

  4. Electricity Bill Savings from Residential Photovoltaic Systems: Sensitivities to Changes in Future Electricity Market Conditions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Darghouth, Naim

    2014-01-01

    efficiency of real-time electricity pricing. Energy JournalTime-varying retail electricity prices: Theory and practice.Electricity Deregulation: Choices and Challenges.

  5. Duke Energy (Electric)- Energy Star Homes Rate Discount Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Duke Energy encourages residential customers to buy energy-efficient homes through the utility's Energy Star Homes Program, which awards a rate discount to customers living in Energy Star homes. To...

  6. Duke Energy (Electric)- Energy Star Homes Rate Discount Program

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Duke Energy encourages residential customers to buy energy-efficient homes through the utility's Energy Star Homes Program, which awards a rate discount to customers living in Energy Star homes....

  7. Electricity Monthly Update

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    last winter. Principal Contributor: Peter Wong (Peter.Wong@eia.gov) End Use: December 2014 Retail ratesprices and consumption In this section, we look at what electricity...

  8. The Effect of Wind Speed and Electric Rates On Wind Turbine Economics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    The Effect of Wind Speed and Electric Rates On Wind Turbine Economics Economics of wind power by the theoretical maximum energy production if the generator were running at its rated power all the year turbine Rated Power per turbine: assumption 1,500 kW C Availability assumption 97% D 8,760 hrs/year E

  9. Customer-Economics of Residential Photovoltaic Systems: The Impact of High Renewable Energy Penetrations on Electricity Bill Savings with Net Metering

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Residential photovoltaic (PV) systems in the US are often compensated at the customer's underlying retail electricity rate through net metering. There is growing interest in understanding how potential changes in rates may impact the value of bill savings from PV. This article uses a production cost and capacity expansion model to project California hourly wholesale electricity market prices under a reference scenario and a 33% renewables scenario. Second, based on the wholesale electricity market prices generated by the model, the article develops retail rates (i.e., flat, time-of-use, and real-time pricing) for each future scenario based on standard retail rate design principles. Finally, based on these retail rates, the bill savings from PV are estimated for 226 California residential customers under two types of net metering, for each scenario. The article finds that high renewable penetrations can drive substantial changes in residential retail rates and that these changes, together with variations in retail rate structures and PV compensation mechanisms, interact to place substantial uncertainty on the future value of bill savings from residential PV.

  10. User's guide to SERICPAC: A computer program for calculating electric-utility avoided costs rates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wirtshafter, R.; Abrash, M.; Koved, M.; Feldman, S.

    1982-05-01

    SERICPAC is a computer program developed to calculate average avoided cost rates for decentralized power producers and cogenerators that sell electricity to electric utilities. SERICPAC works in tandem with SERICOST, a program to calculate avoided costs, and determines the appropriate rates for buying and selling of electricity from electric utilities to qualifying facilities (QF) as stipulated under Section 210 of PURA. SERICPAC contains simulation models for eight technologies including wind, hydro, biogas, and cogeneration. The simulations are converted in a diversified utility production which can be either gross production or net production, which accounts for an internal electricity usage by the QF. The program allows for adjustments to the production to be made for scheduled and forced outages. The final output of the model is a technology-specific average annual rate. The report contains a description of the technologies and the simulations as well as complete user's guide to SERICPAC.

  11. System average rates of U.S. investor-owned electric utilities : a statistical benchmark study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berndt, Ernst R.

    1995-01-01

    Using multiple regression methods, we have undertaken a statistical "benchmark" study comparing system average electricity rates charged by three California utilities with 96 other US utilities over the 1984-93 time period. ...

  12. Residential electricity rates for the United States for Solcost Data Bank cities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smith, L. E.

    1981-05-01

    Electricity rates are given for selected cities in each state, first of the Southern Solar Energy Center region and then of the rest of the US, for an average residence that uses 1000 kWh a month. (LEW)

  13. Free Energy and Dissipation Rate for Reaction Di usion Processes of Electrically

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tóth, János

    Free Energy and Dissipation Rate for Reaction Di usion Processes of Electrically Charged Species;Abstract The paper deals with a special problem concerning the transport of electrically charged species any a priori estimate for the chemical potentials one can estimate the free energy from above

  14. RetailSystems.com Publications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foley, Simon

    Journal Top of the Net Retail Systems Alert Japan Retail IT Solutions Directory Community Centers January people can work consecutively and when employees are eligible for overtime pay. Furthermore, there could. The retailer must find a way to take all these constraints into account while satisfying corporate, employee

  15. CANNED FI H RETAIL PRICE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CANNED FI H RETAIL PRICE UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE I TERI R FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE BUREAU to obtain average retail prices for selected canned fish items. The retail prices as contained herein by the U. S . Department of Labor in order to provide information on price levels in different cities

  16. Consumer-Friendly and Environmentally-Sound Electricity Rates for the Twenty-First Century By Lee S. Friedman

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sekhon, Jasjeet S.

    1 Consumer-Friendly and Environmentally-Sound Electricity Rates for the Twenty-First Century By Lee-peak rates down to their marginal costs so that the current mispricing of electricity does not act whether there are feasible, efficient and equitable time-varying electricity rate structures

  17. Information for Retailers of Lighting Products | Department of...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Retailers of Lighting Products Information for Retailers of Lighting Products Information for Retailers of Lighting Products U.S. retailers who sell lighting products can use the...

  18. New Electricity Advisory Committee Reports Delivered to the Department...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    understanding the role electricity storage resources (storage) can play in wholesale and retail electricity markets, 2) assessing the value of electricity storage in a variety of...

  19. 'Tilted' Industrial Electric Rates: A New Negative Variable for Energy Engineers 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenwood, R. W.

    1981-01-01

    such as contract negotiations with the serving utility can also help keep unit costs of purchased power down. But regulatory policy by agencies governing the serving utility can also have a major impact on electric rate design, by imposing rate structures...

  20. Essays in Competition and Investment in Electricity Market 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tang, Xin

    2014-11-07

    Many jurisdiction has opened retail electricity markets to competition. In Texas, retailers offer hundreds of electricity plans with different prices. The first paper uses search cost and product differentiation to explain the price dispersion using...

  1. CSEM WP 117 Vertical Integration in Restructured Electricity Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley. University of

    to buy in the market in order to provide power to their retail customers at set rates. Second, I accountCSEM WP 117 Vertical Integration in Restructured Electricity Markets: Measuring Market Efficiency Markets (CSEM) Working Paper Series. CSEM is a program of the University of California Energy Institute

  2. Electricity Bill Savings from Residential Photovoltaic Systems: Sensitivities to Changes in Future Electricity Market Conditions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Darghouth, Naim; Barbose, Galen; Wiser, Ryan

    2013-01-09

    This scoping study investigates the impact of, and interactions among, three key sources of uncertainty in the future value of bill savings from customer-sited PV, focusing in particular on residential customers. These three sources of uncertainty are: changes to electricity market conditions that would affect retail electricity prices, changes to the types of retail rate structures available to residential customers with PV, and shifts away from standard net-metering toward other compensation mechanisms for residential PV. We investigate the impact of a range of electricity market scenarios on retail electricity prices and rate structures, and the resulting effects on the value of bill savings from PV. The scenarios include various levels of renewable and solar energy deployment, high and low natural gas prices, the possible introduction of carbon pricing, and greater or lesser reliance on utility-scale storage and demand response. We examine the bill savings from PV with time-invariant, flat residential retail rates, as well as with time-varying retail rates, including time-of-use (TOU) rates and real-time pricing (RTP). In addition, we explore a flat rate with increasing-block pricing (IBP). We evaluate the bill savings from PV with net metering, as currently allowed in many states, as well as scenarios with hourly netting, a partial form of net metering. This scoping study is the first known effort to evaluate these types of interactions in a reasonably comprehensive fashion, though by no means have we considered every possible change to electricity market conditions, retail rate structures, or PV compensation mechanisms. It focuses solely on the private value of bill savings for residential PV and does not seek to quantify the broader social or economic cost or value of solar electricity. Our analysis applies assumptions based loosely on California’s electricity market in a future year (2030); however, it is neither intended to forecast California’s future market, nor are our conclusions intended to have implications specific only to the California market. That said, some of the findings are unique to our underlying assumptions, as described further within the main body of the report, along with other key limitations.

  3. The Economic Value of PV and Net Metering to Residential Customers in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Darghouth, Naim

    2010-01-01

    of the underlying retail electricity rate and can vary quiteof the underlying retail electricity rate, as well as on therules and retail electricity rates, and then compare the

  4. Weighing the Costs and Benefits of State Renewables Portfolio Standards in the United States: A Comparative Analysis of State-Level Policy Impact Projections

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Cliff

    2009-01-01

    cost studies project retail electricity rate increases of nochanges in retail electricity rates, and (2) monthlydeployment on retail electricity rates and bills. Direct

  5. Reversible shear thickening at low shear rates of electrorheological fluids under electric fields

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu Tian; Minliang Zhang; Jile Jiang; Noshir Pesika; Hongbo Zeng; Jacob Israelachvili; Yonggang Meng; Shizhu Wen

    2010-08-24

    Shear thickening is a phenomenon of significant viscosity increase of colloidal suspensions. While electrorheological (ER) fluids can be turned into a solid-like material by applying an electric field, their shear strength is widely represented by the attractive electrostatic interaction between ER particles. By shearing ER fluids between two concentric cylinders, we show a reversible shear thickening of ER fluids above a low critical shear rate (electric field strength (>100 V/mm), which could be characterized by a modified Mason number. Shear thickening and electrostatic particle interaction-induced inter-particle friction forces is considered to be the real origin of the high shear strength of ER fluids, while the applied electric field controls the extent of shear thickening. The electric field-controlled reversible shear thickening has implications for high-performance ER/magnetorheological (MR) fluid design, clutch fluids with high friction forces triggered by applying local electric field, other field-responsive materials and intelligent systems.

  6. Integrated Retail and Wholesale (IRW) Power System Operations with Smart-Grid Functionality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    Integrated Retail and Wholesale (IRW) Power System Operations with Smart-Grid Functionality Leigh-NE, MISO, XM, RTE, MEC IRW Project: Integrated Retail/Wholesale Power System Operation with Smart on business practices manuals for restructured North American electric power markets Realistically rendered

  7. A Study of Central Auction Based Wholesale Electricity Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gatti, Nicola

    authority. In- stead, the distribution of electricity to customers takes part in retail markets. The main electricity markets, called retail market, distribu- tors buy electricity from UP and sell it to customers [6]. Italian and worldwide retails market are not governed by any specific rule. In the scientific community

  8. United States of America Electric Energy Market Competition Task Force

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    and Retail Markets for Electric Energy Docket No. AD05 of competition within the wholesale and retail market for electric energy in the United States and to submit to conduct a study and analysis of competition within the wholesale markets and retail markets for electric

  9. Rate impacts and key design elements of gas and electric utility decoupling: a comprehensive review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lesh, Pamela G.

    2009-10-15

    Opponents of decoupling worry that customers will experience frequent and significant rate increases as a result of its adoption, but a review of 28 natural gas and 17 electric utilities suggests that decoupling adjustments are both refunds to customers as well as charges and tend to be small. (author)

  10. RECONCILIATION OF RETAILER CLAIMS, 2000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION RECONCILIATION OF RETAILER CLAIMS, 2000 OCTOBER 2001 P500-01-019 Gray are referred to as the "Power Source Disclosure Program." This Reconciliation of Retailer Claims, 2000 report fulfills that mandate for calendar year 2000. After reviewing the available data, the Energy Commission

  11. RECONCILIATION OF RETAILER CLAIMS, 2001

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION RECONCILIATION OF RETAILER CLAIMS, 2001 OCTOBER 2002 P500-02-036F Gray are referred to as the "Power Source Disclosure Program." This Reconciliation of Retailer Claims, 2001 report fulfills that mandate for calendar year 2001. After reviewing the available data, the Energy Commission

  12. Electric field noise above surfaces: a model for heating rate scaling law in ion traps

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Romain Dubessy; Thomas Coudreau; Luca Guidoni

    2008-12-17

    We present a model for the scaling laws of the electric field noise spectral density as a function of the distance, $d$, above a conducting surface. Our analytical approach models the patch potentials by introducing a correlation length, $\\zeta$, of the electric potential on the surface. The predicted scaling laws are in excellent agreement with two different classes of experiments (cold trapped ions and cantilevers), that span at least four orders of magnitude of $d$. According to this model, heating rate in miniature ion traps could be greatly reduced by proper material engineering.

  13. Comments of the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    rural electric Cooperatives (-Cooperatives). Most of NRECA's members are distribution Cooperatives, providing retail electric service to more than 42 million consumers...

  14. CALiPER Retail Lamps Study 3

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Royer, Michael P.; Beeson, Tracy A.

    2014-02-01

    The CALiPER program first began investigating LED lamps sold at retail stores in 2010, purchasing 33 products from eight retailers and covering six product categories. The findings revealed a fragmented marketplace, with large disparities in performance of different products, accuracy of manufacturer claims, and offerings from different retail outlets. Although there were some good products, looking back many would not be considered viable competitors to other available options, with too little lumen output, not high enough efficacy, or poor color quality. CALiPER took another look in late 2011purchasing 38 products of five different types from nine retailers and the improvement was marked. Performance was up; retailer claims were more accurate; and the price per lumen and price per unit efficacy were down, although the price per product had not changed much. Nonetheless, there was still plenty of room for improvement, with the performance of LED lamps not yet reaching that of well-established classes of conventional lamps (e.g., 75 W incandescent A19 lamps). Since the second retail lamp study was published in early 2012, there has been substantial progress in all aspects of LED lamps available from retailers. To document this progress, CALiPER again purchased a sample of lamps from retail stores 46 products in total, focusing on A19, PAR30, and MR16 lamps but instead of a random sample, sought to select products to answer specific hypotheses about performance. These hypotheses focused on expanding ranges of LED equivalency, the accuracy of lifetime claims, efficacy and price trends, as well as changes to product designs. Among other results, key findings include: There are now very good LED options to compete with 60 W, 75 W, and 100 W incandescent A19 lamps, and 75 W halogen PAR30 lamps. MR16 lamps have shown less progress, but there are now acceptable alternatives to 35 W, 12 V halogen MR16 lamps and 50 W, 120 V halogen MR16 lamps for some applications. Other uses, such as in enclosed luminaires, may require more development. At the same price point, lamps purchased in 2013 tended to have higher output and slightly higher efficacy than in 2011 or 2010. Over 30% of the products purchased in 2013 exceeded the maximum efficacy measured in 2011 (71 lm/W), with the most efficacious product measured at 105 lm/W. There appears to be increasing consistency in color quality, with a vast majority of products having a CCT of 2700 K or 3000 K and a CRI between 80 and 85. There were also fewer poor performing products tested and more high-performing products available in 2013 than in previous years. The accuracy of equivalency and performance claims was better than in 2011, but remains a concern, with 43% of tested products failing to completely meet their equivalency claim and 20% of products failing to match the manufacturer’s performance data. Although progress has been substantial, on average LED lamps remain more expensive than other energy efficiency lighting technologies -- although some aspects can be superior. Although not universal to all product lines or all product types, the issue of insufficient lumen output from LED lamps is waning. Thus, manufacturers can focus on other issues, such as reducing cost, improving electrical/dimmer compatibility, eliminating flicker, or improving color quality. While these issues are not inherent to all products, they remain a concern for the broader market.

  15. CSEM WP 106R Investment Efficiency in Competitive Electricity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley. University of

    Efficiency in Competitive Electricity Markets With and Without Time-Varying Retail Prices Severin Borenstein, there is no restruc- tured electricity market in which most retail customers can be charged realtime prices (RTP industries, retail prices do not adjust quickly to changes in costs or market conditions. Restaurants keep

  16. Vertical Integration and Market Power in Electricity Markets Seamus Hogan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickman, Mark

    of generation from electricity retailing has often been required as a condition of electricity market shares in wholesale and retail markets. In general, firms whose share of generating capacity is higher (lower) than their retail market share will over-report (under-report) their inverse supply functions

  17. Temperature dependence of electrical conductivity and dilepton rates from hot quenched lattice QCD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olaf Kaczmarek; Marcel Müller

    2013-12-19

    We present new results on the continuum extrapolation of the vector current correlation function in the deconfined phase for three temperatures close to the critical temperature utilizing quenched clover improved Wilson fermions and light quark masses. A systematic analysis on multiple lattice spacing allows to perform the continuum limit of the correlation function and to extract spectral properties in the continuum limit. These results provide constraints for the electrical conductivity and the thermal dilepton rates in the quark gluon plasma for the given temperature range. In addition results on the continuum extrapolation at finite momenta related to thermal photon rates are presented.

  18. Impacts of Commercial Electric Utility Rate Structure Elements on the Economics of Photovoltaic Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ong, S.; Denholm, P.; Doris, E.

    2010-06-01

    This analysis uses simulated building data, simulated solar photovoltaic (PV) data, and actual electric utility tariff data from 25 cities to understand better the impacts of different commercial rate structures on the value of solar PV systems. By analyzing and comparing 55 unique rate structures across the United States, this study seeks to identify the rate components that have the greatest effect on the value of PV systems. Understanding the beneficial components of utility tariffs can both assist decision makers in choosing appropriate rate structures and influence the development of rates that favor the deployment of PV systems. Results from this analysis show that a PV system's value decreases with increasing demand charges. Findings also indicate that time-of-use rate structures with peaks coincident with PV production and wide ranges between on- and off-peak prices most benefit the types of buildings and PV systems simulated. By analyzing a broad set of rate structures from across the United States, this analysis provides an insight into the range of impacts that current U.S. rate structures have on PV systems.

  19. The Implementation of California AB 32 and its Impact on Wholesale Electricity Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bushnell, Jim B

    2007-01-01

    or unregulated energy service providers could createEnergy Commission Staff Proposal for an Electricity Retail Provider

  20. Energy options: Cogen V and retail wheeling alternatives technical conference

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1996-12-31

    The Energy Options technical conference proceedings contains 265 papers, of which 17 were selected for the database. The conference was split into two primary topics: cogeneration and retail wheeling. Subtopics under cogeneration included: the state of cogeneration in the United States, case studies in facility ownership, fuels considerations for tomorrow, and plant design considerations for cogeneration systems. Retail wheeling alternatives subtopics included U.S. Federal Energy Regulatory Commission rulings, end-user options for retail wheeling, deregulation issues, and forecasting of electricity generating costs. Papers not selected for the database, while clearly pertinent topics of interest, consisted of viewgraphs which were judged not to have sufficient technical information and coherence without the corresponding presentation. However, some papers which did consist of viewgraphs were included.

  1. Vertical relationships between manufacturers and retailers: inference with limited data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Villas-Boas, Sofia B.

    2007-01-01

    and down- stream retail markets by increasing theretailers competing in the retail market and suppose theremarket power in the retail market and fairly general market

  2. Vertical relationships between manufacturers and retailers: inference with limited data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Villas-Boas, Sofia B.

    2006-01-01

    manufacturer and downstream retail markets by increasing theretailers competing in the retail market and suppose theremarket power in the retail market and fairly general market

  3. California Employment Growth and Office, Industrial, and Retail Markets, 1990

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kroll, Cynthia; Tamura, Dina

    1990-01-01

    Office, Industrial, and Retail Markets, 1990 HE Californiastate's major office and retail markets. Services employmentstate's major office and retail markets." Like manufacturing

  4. Perfecting visibility with retailer data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daniele Primavera

    2014-01-01

    This thesis investigates the utility of using retailer point of sales (POS) data in the production planning process of a consumer-packaged goods (CPG) manufacturing company. The quantitative measurements of utility include ...

  5. Electric rate that shifts hourly may foretell spot-market kWh

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Springer, N.

    1985-11-25

    Four California industrial plants have cut their electricity bills up to 16% by shifting from the traditional time-of-use rates to an experimental real-time program (RTP) that varies prices hourly. The users receive a price schedule reflecting changing generating costs one day in advance to encourage them to increase power consumption during the cheapest time periods. Savings during the pilot program range between $11,000 and $32,000 per customer. The hourly cost breakdown encourages consumption during the night and early morning. The signalling system could be expanded to cogenerators and independent small power producers. If an electricity spot market develops, forecasters think a place on the stock exchanges for future-delivery contracts could develop in the future.

  6. Vertical relationships between manufacturers and retailers: inference with limited data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Villas-Boas, Sofia B.

    2007-01-01

    is downstream market power in the retail market and fairlymergers affect market power in the retail gasoline markets.at the retail level; retailers have market power with which

  7. Vertical relationships between manufacturers and retailers: inference with limited data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Villas-Boas, Sofia B.

    2006-01-01

    is downstream market power in the retail market and fairlymergers a?ect market power in the retail gasoline markets.at the retail level; retailers have market power with which

  8. Electric Power annual 1996: Volume II

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-12-01

    This document presents a summary of electric power industry statistics. Data are included on electric utility retail sales of electricity, revenues, environmental information, power transactions, emissions, and demand-side management.

  9. Electromagnetic Radiation in Hot QCD Matter: Rates, Electric Conductivity, Flavor Susceptibility and Diffusion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang-Hwan Lee; Ismail Zahed

    2014-03-07

    We discuss the general features of the electromagnetic radiation from a thermal hadronic gas as constrained by chiral symmetry. The medium effects on the electromagnetic spectral functions and the partial restoration of chiral symmetry are quantified in terms of the pion densities. The results are compared with the electromagnetic radiation from a strongly interacting quark-gluon plasma in terms of the leading gluon condensate operators. We use the spectral functions as constrained by the emission rates to estimate the electric conductivity, the light flavor susceptibility and diffusion constant across the transition from the correlated hadronic gas to a strongly interacting quark-gluon plasma.

  10. Vertical relationships between manufacturers and retailers: inference with limited data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Villas-Boas, Sofia B.

    2007-01-01

    energy prices IL Retail average price ($ per square foot)rents ($ per square foot) Retail rent cap (%) Energy prices

  11. Guidelines for Energy Cost Savings Resulting from Tracking and Monitoring Electrical nad Natural Gas Usage, Cost, and Rates 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McClure, J. D.; Estes, M. C.; Estes, J. M.

    1989-01-01

    This paper discusses how improved energy information in schools and hospitals from tracking and monitoring electrical and natural gas usage, cost, and optional rate structures, can reduce energy costs. Recommendations, methods, and guidelines...

  12. Retail Buildings: Assessing and Reducing Plug and Process Loads in Retail Buildings (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2013-04-01

    Plug and process loads (PPLs) in commercial buildings account for almost 5% of U.S. primary energy consumption. Minimizing these loads is a primary challenge in the design and operation of an energy-efficient building. PPLs are not related to general lighting, heating, ventilation, cooling, and water heating, and typically do not provide comfort to the occupants. They use an increasingly large fraction of the building energy use pie because the number and variety of electrical devices have increased along with building system efficiency. Reducing PPLs is difficult because energy efficiency opportunities and the equipment needed to address PPL energy use in retail spaces are poorly understood.

  13. Table 9. Retail electricity sales statistics, 2013

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Oklahoma" ,"Full service providers",,,,,"Other providers",, "Item","Investor-owned","Public","Federal","Cooperative","Non-utility","Energy","Delivery","Total" "Number of...

  14. Table 9. Retail electricity sales statistics, 2013

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Informationmonthly gasoline price toStocksU.S. shale gas plays: naturalNaturalNatural

  15. Table 9. Retail electricity sales statistics, 2013

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page| Open Energy Informationmonthly gasoline price toStocksU.S. shale gas plays: naturalNaturalNaturalArkansas"

  16. Exploring online retailing strategies : case studies of leading firms in the U.S. and China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Jian, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Sloan School of Management

    2012-01-01

    Online retailing has been a significant part of people's daily life. Research shows that 85% of internet users have purchased online. In China, with the increased penetration rate of internet and adoption of online payment, ...

  17. Upstream vs. Downstream CO2 Trading: A Comparison for the Electricity Context

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hobbs, Benjamin F.; Bushnell, J.; Wolak, F. A.

    ; a charge paid by all California electricity consumers to fund cost- effective energy efficiency programs; the decoupling of utility revenues from sales; and rate-of-return incentives adopted by the CPUC in September 2007. With implementation of AB... In electricity, “downstream” CO2 regulation requires retail suppliers to buy energy from a mix of sources so that their weighted emissions satisfy a standard. It has been argued that such “load-based” regulation would solve emissions leakage, cost consumers...

  18. Uncertainties in the Value of Bill Savings from Behind-the-Meter, Residential Photovoltaic Systems: The Roles of Electricity Market Conditions, Retail Rate Design, and Net Metering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Darghouth, Naim Richard

    2013-01-01

    The Market Value and Cost of Solar Photovoltaic Electricitydue to zero marginal cost solar generation, similar to thatshort-term integration costs of solar. This is true under an

  19. Uncertainties in the Value of Bill Savings from Behind-the-Meter, Residential Photovoltaic Systems: The Roles of Electricity Market Conditions, Retail Rate Design, and Net Metering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Darghouth, Naim Richard

    2013-01-01

    power development. Renewable Energy 33, 1854–1867. Caamaño-SR-581-42303). National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL),State Incentives for Renewable Energy (DSIRE), 2010. Map of

  20. Uncertainties in the Value of Bill Savings from Behind-the-Meter, Residential Photovoltaic Systems: The Roles of Electricity Market Conditions, Retail Rate Design, and Net Metering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Darghouth, Naim Richard

    2013-01-01

    the amount of future renewable energy (RE) deployment is notrenewable energy: Is the whole less than the sum of its parts? Resource for the Futurefuture changes. For example, higher penetrations of renewable energy

  1. Uncertainties in the Value of Bill Savings from Behind-the-Meter, Residential Photovoltaic Systems: The Roles of Electricity Market Conditions, Retail Rate Design, and Net Metering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Darghouth, Naim Richard

    2013-01-01

    contentious issues related to net metering (E3 2010; IREC2010; IREC Freeing the grid 2012; ), there are surprisingly

  2. Uncertainties in the Value of Bill Savings from Behind-the-Meter, Residential Photovoltaic Systems: The Roles of Electricity Market Conditions, Retail Rate Design, and Net Metering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Darghouth, Naim Richard

    2013-01-01

    networks. Progress in Photovoltaics: Research andenergy markets. Progress in Photovoltaics: Research andfuture prospects. Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and

  3. Uncertainties in the Value of Bill Savings from Behind-the-Meter, Residential Photovoltaic Systems: The Roles of Electricity Market Conditions, Retail Rate Design, and Net Metering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Darghouth, Naim Richard

    2013-01-01

    Darghouth et al. , 2011). As PV costs continue to declineimpacts of zero-marginal cost PV is likely to over-estimatelevels of zero-marginal-cost PV generation in the afternoon.

  4. Uncertainties in the Value of Bill Savings from Behind-the-Meter, Residential Photovoltaic Systems: The Roles of Electricity Market Conditions, Retail Rate Design, and Net Metering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Darghouth, Naim Richard

    2013-01-01

    distributed photovoltaics (PV) adoption. 5 Though specificgreater support for PV adoption among high usage customers.customer adoption of distributed photovoltaics (PV),

  5. Uncertainties in the Value of Bill Savings from Behind-the-Meter, Residential Photovoltaic Systems: The Roles of Electricity Market Conditions, Retail Rate Design, and Net Metering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Darghouth, Naim Richard

    2013-01-01

    2008. European renewable energy policy at crossroads—FocusÖlz, S. , 2011. Renewable Energy: Policy Considerations forR. , 2009. Which renewable energy policy is a venture

  6. Uncertainties in the Value of Bill Savings from Behind-the-Meter, Residential Photovoltaic Systems: The Roles of Electricity Market Conditions, Retail Rate Design, and Net Metering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Darghouth, Naim Richard

    2013-01-01

    a levelized cost of energy (LCOE) of about $722/kW-yr, fromprocurement costs assume an LCOE of $0.10, $0.09, $0.15 persources are assumed to have an LCOE of $0.10/kWh. The LCOEs

  7. Uncertainties in the Value of Bill Savings from Behind-the-Meter, Residential Photovoltaic Systems: The Roles of Electricity Market Conditions, Retail Rate Design, and Net Metering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Darghouth, Naim Richard

    2013-01-01

    between average residential demand (net of behind-the-meterhours of highest residential demand, 12 noon to 12 midnight,prices during peak residential demand. This reduction in the

  8. Uncertainties in the Value of Bill Savings from Behind-the-Meter, Residential Photovoltaic Systems: The Roles of Electricity Market Conditions, Retail Rate Design, and Net Metering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Darghouth, Naim Richard

    2013-01-01

    climb as high as the value of lost load, at which point itan estimate for the value of lost load 58 ; see Table B-6 inThis is the same value of lost load as assumed in Mills and

  9. Uncertainties in the Value of Bill Savings from Behind-the-Meter, Residential Photovoltaic Systems: The Roles of Electricity Market Conditions, Retail Rate Design, and Net Metering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Darghouth, Naim Richard

    2013-01-01

    must-take” zero marginal cost generation depend on the slopeof zero marginal cost generation. The principal limitationof low marginal cost generation (i.e. PV generation) which

  10. Uncertainties in the Value of Bill Savings from Behind-the-Meter, Residential Photovoltaic Systems: The Roles of Electricity Market Conditions, Retail Rate Design, and Net Metering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Darghouth, Naim Richard

    2013-01-01

    Margolis, R. , 2004. Are Photovoltaic Systems Worth More toeconomics of commercial photovoltaic systems in California.a grid-connected photovoltaic system. Renewable Energy 32,

  11. Uncertainties in the Value of Bill Savings from Behind-the-Meter, Residential Photovoltaic Systems: The Roles of Electricity Market Conditions, Retail Rate Design, and Net Metering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Darghouth, Naim Richard

    2013-01-01

    Energy: Policy Considerations for Deploying Renewables (Information Paper). International Energy Agency, Paris, France.

  12. Uncertainties in the Value of Bill Savings from Behind-the-Meter, Residential Photovoltaic Systems: The Roles of Electricity Market Conditions, Retail Rate Design, and Net Metering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Darghouth, Naim Richard

    2013-01-01

    Beck, 2009. Distributed Renewable Energy Operating ImpactsDistributed PV Value Calculator. Presented at the Proceedings of World Renewable Energydistributed PV for residential customers in California. Energy Policy Database of State Incentives for Renewable Energy (

  13. Uncertainties in the Value of Bill Savings from Behind-the-Meter, Residential Photovoltaic Systems: The Roles of Electricity Market Conditions, Retail Rate Design, and Net Metering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Darghouth, Naim Richard

    2013-01-01

    Sullivan, K. , 2009. Renewable Energy Cost of GenerationBlack and Veatch. Renewable Energy Costs. Presented at theof renewable energies: A transaction-cost perspective.

  14. Uncertainties in the Value of Bill Savings from Behind-the-Meter, Residential Photovoltaic Systems: The Roles of Electricity Market Conditions, Retail Rate Design, and Net Metering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Darghouth, Naim Richard

    2013-01-01

    various levels of renewable and solar energy deployment,with high levels of renewable and solar energy, customer-to certain solar and other renewable generation projects

  15. Contractual form, retail price and asset characteristics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shepard, Andrea

    1991-01-01

    Predictions derived from a principal-agent analysis of the manufacturer-retailer relationship are derived and tested using microdata on contractual form, outlet characteristics and retail prices for gasoline stations in ...

  16. Integrated Retail & Wholesale Power System Operation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    Integrated Retail & Wholesale Power System Operation with Smart-Grid Functionality PIs: Dionysios Retail/Wholesale Power System Operation with Smart-Grid Functionality Project PIs: Dionysios Aliprantis Tesfatsion, "Project Overview: Integrated Retail and Wholesale Power System Operation with Smart-Grid

  17. Fashion Marketing & Retailing BA (Hons) Key details

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Painter, Kevin

    Fashion Marketing & Retailing BA (Hons) Key details Duration: Full-time: 3 years (BA) / 4 years (BA Hons) Delivery type: Day Intake date: September Fees: 54000 AED per year Overview Our Fashion Marketing and Retailing programme confidently prepares students for a career within the marketing and retailing industry

  18. CSEM WP 129 Reliability and Competitive Electricity Markets*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley. University of

    mechanisms have been imposed on emerging compet- itive wholesale and retail markets. These mechanisms include and retail electricity markets. These mechanisms include: wholesale market price caps, capacity obligations mechanisms are argued to be justified by imper- fections in the retail or wholesale markets: in particular

  19. Electricity Use in the Pacific Northwest: Utility Historical Sales by Sector, 1989 and Preceding Years.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    United States. Bonneville Power Administration.

    1990-06-01

    This report officially releases the compilation of regional 1989 retail customer sector sales data by the Bonneville Power Administration. This report is intended to enable detailed examination of annual regional electricity consumption. It gives statistics covering the time period 1970--1989, and also provides observations based on statistics covering the 1983--1989 time period. The electricity use report is the only information source that provides data obtained from each utility in the region based on the amount of electricity they sell to consumers annually. Data is provided on each retail customer sector: residential, commercial, industrial, direct-service industrial, and irrigation. The data specifically supports forecasting activities, rate development, conservation and market assessments, and conservation and market program development and delivery. All of these activities require a detailed look at electricity use. 25 figs., 34 tabs.

  20. Price Responsive Demand in New York Wholesale Electricity Market using OpenADR

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kim, Joyce Jihyun; Kiliccote, Sila

    2012-06-01

    In New York State, the default electricity pricing for large customers is Mandatory Hourly Pricing (MHP), which is charged based on zonal day-ahead market price for energy. With MHP, retail customers can adjust their building load to an economically optimal level according to hourly electricity prices. Yet, many customers seek alternative pricing options such as fixed rates through retail access for their electricity supply. Open Automated Demand Response (OpenADR) is an XML (eXtensible Markup Language) based information exchange model that communicates price and reliability information. It allows customers to evaluate hourly prices and provide demand response in an automated fashion to minimize electricity costs. This document shows how OpenADR can support MHP and facilitate price responsive demand for large commercial customers in New York City.

  1. Electric sales and revenue: 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1995-01-01

    The Electric Sales and Revenue is prepared by the Survey Management Division, Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels; Energy Information Administration (EIA); US Department of Energy. This publication provides information about sales of electricity, its associated revenue, and the average revenue per kilowatthour sold to residential, commercial, industrial, and other consumers throughout the United States. The sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour data provided in the Electric Sales and Revenue are based on annual data reported by electric utilities for the calendar year ending December 31, 1993. Operating revenue includes energy charges, demand charges, consumer service charges, environmental surcharges, fuel adjustments, and other miscellaneous charges. The revenue does not include taxes, such as sales and excise taxes, that are assessed on the consumer and collected through the utility. Average revenue per kilowatthour is defined as the cost per unit of electricity sold and is calculated by dividing retail sales into the associated electric revenue. Because electric rates vary based on energy usage, average revenue per kilowatthour are affected by changes in the volume of sales. The sales of electricity, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour data provided in this report are presented at the national, Census division, State, and electric utility levels.

  2. RATES

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and PACI Final FRN for Rate Order No. WAPA-139 - Notice of Order Temporarily Extending Formula Rates for Power, Transmission and Ancillary Services (PDF - 49K) Final FRN for Rate...

  3. RATES

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    - 392K) Final FRN for Rate Order No. WAPA-139 - Notice of Order Temporarily Extending Formula Rates for Power, Transmission and Ancillary Services (PDF - 49K) Final FRN for Rate...

  4. Residential property values and neighborhood retail : a comparison of pedestrian and automobile oriented retail clusters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tiffany, Thacher

    2006-01-01

    This study tests the hypothesis that home buyers pay a premium to live within walking distance of pedestrian accessible retail. To answer this question two types of retail clusters are identified in the Boston metropolitan ...

  5. Leigh Tesfatsion Professor of Economics, Mathematics, and Electrical & Computer Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    (crops, livestock, forests,...) - Physical entities (weather, landscape, electric grids,...) #121 Leigh Tesfatsion Professor of Economics, Mathematics, and Electrical & Computer Engineering optimization routines for electric power system operations are being tested via the Integrated Retail

  6. Factors affecting robust retail energy markets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Michelman, T.S.

    1999-04-01

    This paper briefly defines an active retail market, details the factors that influence market activity and their relative importance, compares activity in various retail energy markets to date, and predicts future retail energy market activity. Three primary factors translate into high market activity: supplier margins, translated into potential savings for actively shopping customers; market size; and market barriers. The author surveys activity nationwide and predicts hot spots for the coming year.

  7. Better Buildings Neighborhood Program Business Models Guide: Retailer Business Model Conclusion

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Better Buildings Neighborhood Program Business Models Guide: Retailer Business Model Conclusion, Summary of Retailer Insights.

  8. RATES

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    - Washoe Project, Stampede Division FERC Order Approving Extension of Non-Firm Power Formula Rate - Rate Order No. WAPA-160 (Sept. 5, 2013) (PDF - 22K) Notice of Extension of...

  9. Renewables Portfolio Standards: A Factual Introduction to Experience from the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiser, R.; Namovicz, C.; Gielecki, M.; Smith, R.

    2008-01-01

    on average retail electricity rates in most instances.Lab sample forecast retail electricity rate increases of no5. Projected RPS Electricity Rate Impacts by Cost Study The

  10. Is it Worth it? A Comparative Analysis of Cost-Benefit Projections for State Renewables Portfolio Standards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Cliff; Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark

    2006-01-01

    project base-case retail electricity rate increases of lessimpacts on retail electricity rates, the wide range of2. Projected RPS Electricity Rate Impacts by Cost Study Wind

  11. Nonlinear Pricing in Energy and Environmental Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ito, Koichiro

    2011-01-01

    consist of five-tier electricity rates; the marginal pricespikes in retail electricity rates, financial losses tospikes in retail electricity rates, and financial losses to

  12. Weighing the Costs and Benefits of Renewables Portfolio Standards: A Comparative Analysis of State-Level Policy Impact Projections

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Cliff; Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark

    2007-01-01

    on Average Retail Electricity Rates.. 14Projected RPS Electricity Rate Impacts by RPS CostRPS Targets and Retail Electricity Rate Impacts 16 Typical

  13. An assessment of the value of retail ready packaging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, Kathleen Anne

    2008-01-01

    Use of retail-ready packaging reduces the costs of replenishing store shelves by eliminating the labor of removing packaging materials and stocking individual items on shelves. While reducing costs for retailers, retail-ready ...

  14. A diagnostic analysis of retail out-of-stocks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foo, Yong Ning

    2007-01-01

    In the highly competitive retail industry, merchandise out-of-stock (OOS) is a significant and pertinent problem. This thesis performs a diagnostic analysis on retail out-of-stocks using empirical data from a major retailer. ...

  15. Information for Retailers of Lighting Products | Department of...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Information for Retailers of Lighting Products Information for Retailers of Lighting Products July 27, 2014 - 8:18pm Addthis Information for Retailers of Lighting Products U.S....

  16. Rethinking Real Time Electricity Pricing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allcott, Hunt

    Most US consumers are charged a near-constant retail price for electricity, despite substantial hourly variation in the wholesale market price. This paper evaluates the .rst program to expose residential consumers to hourly ...

  17. Reliability and Competitive Electricity Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joskow, Paul; Tirole, Jean

    2006-03-14

    Deregulation of the electricity sector has resulted in conflict between the economic aims of creating competitive wholesale and retail markets, and an engineering focus on reliability of supply. The paper starts by deriving the optimal prices...

  18. Reliability and competitive electricity markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joskow, Paul L.

    2004-01-01

    Despite all of the talk about ?deregulation? of the electricity sector, a large number of non-market mechanisms have been imposed on emerging competitive wholesale and retail markets. These mechanisms include spot market ...

  19. Promotional forecasting in the grocery retail business

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koottatep, Pakawkul

    2006-01-01

    Predicting customer demand in the highly competitive grocery retail business has become extremely difficult, especially for promotional items. The difficulty in promotional forecasting has resulted from numerous internal ...

  20. Retail Demand Response in Southwest Power Pool

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bharvirkar, Ranjit

    2009-01-01

    23 ii Retail Demand Response in SPP List of Figures and10 Figure 3. Demand Response Resources by11 Figure 4. Existing Demand Response Resources by Type of

  1. Communicating pork value to the retailer 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lorenzen, Carol Lee

    1993-01-01

    the computer program generated from this data will aid the retailer in making marketing and purchasing decisions that have been time consuming in the past....

  2. The Retail Planning Problem under Demand Uncertainty.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Georgiadis, G.; Rajaram, K.

    2012-01-01

    in which the retailer chooses suppliers, and determines thefor practitioners who choose suppliers, and make production,supply chain by selecting suppliers, and by making decisions

  3. Innovation for Food Retail: The 50% Advanced Energy Design Guide...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Innovation for Food Retail: The 50% Advanced Energy Design Guide for Grocery Stores Innovation for Food Retail: The 50% Advanced Energy Design Guide for Grocery Stores Find the...

  4. Retail Demand Response in Southwest Power Pool | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    for integrating legacy retail DR programs and dynamic pricing tariffs into wholesale markets in the SPP region. Retail Demand Response in Southwest Power Pool More Documents &...

  5. Killing Two Birds with One Stone: Can Real-Time Pricing SupportRetail Competition and Demand Response?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barbose, Galen; Bharvirkar, Ranjit; Goldman, Charles; Hopper,Nicole; Neenan, Bernie

    2006-04-25

    As retail choice states reach the end of their transitional, rate-cap periods, state regulators must decide what type of default supply service to provide to customers that have not switched to a competitive retail supplier. In a growing number of states, regulators have adopted real-time pricing (RTP) as the default service for large commercial and industrial (C&I) customers. Although this trend is driven chiefly by policy objectives related to retail competition, default service RTP may have the added benefit of stimulating demand response. To evaluate the potential role of RTP as a means to both ends--retail market development and demand response--we conducted a comprehensive review of experience with default RTP in the U.S. and examined the emergence of RTP as a product offering by competitive retail suppliers. Across the ten utilities with default RTP in place in 2005, between 5% and 35% of the applicable load remained on the rate. Based on interviews with competitive retailers, we find evidence to suggest that a comparable amount of load in these states has switched to hourly pricing arrangements with competitive retailers. Many customers on default or competitive hourly pricing are paying prices indexed to the real-time spot market, and thus have no advance knowledge of prices. Because the price responsiveness of customers under these conditions has yet to be formally analyzed, and relatively few efforts have been undertaken to help these customers become price responsive, the actual demand response impacts from hourly pricing in retail choice states remains largely an open question. However, we find that policymakers and other stakeholders in retail choice states have various strategies at their disposal to capture the potential demand response benefits from hourly pricing, while simultaneously supporting retail competition.

  6. Strategies to address transition costs in the electricity industry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Baxter, L.; Hadley, S.; Hirst, E.

    1996-07-01

    Transition costs are the potential monetary losses that electric- utility shareholders, ratepayers, or other parties might experience because of structural changes in the electricity industry. Regulators, policy analysts, utilities, and consumer groups have proposed a number of strategies to address transition costs, such as immediately opening retail electricity markets or delaying retail competition. This report has 3 objectives: identify a wide range of strategies available to regulators and utilities; systematically examine effects of strategies; and identify potentially promising strategies that may provide benefits to more than one set of stakeholders. The many individual strategies are grouped into 6 major categories: market actions, depreciation options, rate-making actions, utility cost reductions, tax measures, and other options. Of the 34 individual strategies, retail ratepayers have primary or secondary responsibility for paying transition costs in 19 of the strategies, shareholders in 12, wheeling customers in 11, taxpayers in 8, and nonutility suppliers in 4. Most of the strategies shift costs among different segments of the economy, although utility cost reductions can be used to offset transition costs. Most of the strategies require cooperation of other parties, including regulators, to be implemented successfully; financial stakeholders must be engages in negotiations that hold the promise of shared benefits. Only by rejecting ``winner-take-all`` strategies will the transition-cost issue be expeditiously resolved.

  7. Electric utility forecasting of customer cogeneration and the influence of special rates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pickel, Frederick H.

    1979-01-01

    Cogeneration, or the simultaneous production of heat and electric or mechanical power, emerged as one of the main components of the energy conservation strategies in the past decade. Special tax treatment, exemptions from ...

  8. Fact #659: January 24, 2011 Fuel Economy Ratings for Vehicles Operating on Electricity

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Environmental Protection Agency has developed a new methodology for determining how fuel economy information will be displayed on the window sticker of a vehicle that operates on electricity....

  9. BRENNAN --DSM UNDER COMPETITION: 1 Demand-Side Management Programs Under Retail

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley. University of

    BRENNAN -- DSM UNDER COMPETITION: 1 Demand-Side Management Programs Under Retail Electricity of California Berkeley, CA March 5, 1999 #12;BRENNAN -- DSM UNDER COMPETITION: 2 Game plan · Demand More like getting a check from oil companies if one buys a high mileage car · Conservation

  10. Mercantile (Retail Other Than Mall) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland: Energy Resources Jump to:ElectricCoordinationMenomonie,Enclosed and StripRetail

  11. Customer Incentives for Energy Efficiency Through Electric and Natural Gas Rate Design

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2009-09-01

    Summarizes the issues and approaches involved in motivating customers to reduce the total energy they consume through energy prices and rate design.

  12. Impact of Industrial Electric Rate Structure on Load Management - A Utility Viewpoint 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richardson, J. A.

    1984-01-01

    A few years ago our response to an inquiry regarding availability of electric service for a large industrial load was something like: 'Let us put this into our production model to determine whether we will have adequate generating capacity to commit...

  13. Edgeworth Price Cycles, Cost-based Pricing and Sticky Pricing in Retail Gasoline Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noel, Michael

    2004-01-01

    Dynamic Pricing in Retail gasoline Markets”, RAND Journal ofin the Canadian Retail Gasoline Market”, Energy Economics [Associates. “Canadian Retail Petroleum Markets Study”, Re-

  14. Asymmetric Price Adjustment and Consumer Search: An Examination of the Retail Gasoline Market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lewis, Matt

    2004-01-01

    Competition in Retail Gasoline Markets: Empirical EvidenceAn Examination of the Retail Gasoline Market Matt Lewis*An Examination of the Retail Gasoline Market Matthew Lewis ?

  15. eGallon and Electric Vehicle Sales: The Big Picture | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    electricity prices. The state gasoline price above is either the statewide average retail price or a multi-state regional average price reported by EIA. The latest gasoline...

  16. Interest Rate Clustering in UK Financial Services Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feigon, Brooke

    clustering in retail markets, through an examination of how interest rates cluster in two UK financial services markets. It is proposed that price or interest rate clustering forms in retail markets as firms1 Interest Rate Clustering in UK Financial Services Markets by John K. Ashton Norwich Business

  17. Electricity rate effects of 150 MW shop assembled turbocharged boiler generating units

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Drenker, S.; Fancher, R.

    1984-08-01

    Major upheavals in the environment in which electric utilities operate began in the 1960's. Modular construction, developed and perfected by process industry engineering firms, in conjuction with small turbocharged boiler power plants (currently under development), can respond to these forces by shortening construction time. Benefits from this approach, resulting from better matching of load growth and reducing planning horizon, can equal 15% to 60% of the capital cost of large pulverized coal plants.

  18. ELECTRIC

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    you nay give us will be greatly uppreckted. VPry truly your23, 9. IX. Sin0j3, Mtinager lclectronics and Nuclear Physics Dept. omh , WESTINGHOUSE-THE NAT KING IN ELECTRICITY...

  19. High repetition rate mode-locked erbium-doped fiber lasers with complete electric field control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sickler, Jason William, 1978-

    2008-01-01

    Recent advances in fully-stabilized mode-locked laser systems are enabling many applications, including optical arbitrary waveform generation (OAWG). In this thesis work, we describe the development of high repetition-rate ...

  20. Segmentation strategies for managing retail supply chains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liang, Catherine G. (Catherine Gloria)

    2011-01-01

    High-technology manufacturing companies often face rapid price decline and capacity constraints. Especially in the retail side of the business where the supply chain is much longer and revenue is sometimes not recognized ...

  1. Edgeworth price cycles in retail gasoline markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noel, Michael David, 1971-

    2002-01-01

    In this dissertation, I present three essays that are motivated by the interesting and dynamic price-setting behavior of firms in Canadian retail gasoline markets. In the first essay, I examine behavior at the market level ...

  2. Optimizing a Retailer's Containerized Import Supply Chain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davidson, Evan Taitz

    2012-01-01

    of Asian goods to the USA, Walmart, accounts for only about1,000 TEUs per year to a “Walmart-sized” retailer importingrecent import volume of Walmart, for illustrative purposes.

  3. Consumers and Pervasive Retail Panos Kourouthanasis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roussos, George

    it has established no previous relationship; the retailer can optimize supply chain logistics by having are created through replenishment and preventive maintenance without customer orders; last but not least

  4. Supply chain responsiveness for a large retailer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anand, Sunil (Sunil Harbhushankumar)

    2011-01-01

    A large U.S. based retailer underwent a large, complex multi-year supply chain network transformation. This transformation resulted in significant savings in logistics costs. Additionally, the regional distribution center ...

  5. The bricks, clicks, economics and mortar of contemporary retail : the consequences that retailer storing strategies and retail performance across markets have on real estate investments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fagan, Kevin William

    2011-01-01

    The retail industry in the 21st century is undergoing a confluence of transformative changes. In this paper we discuss particularly noteworthy changes related to demography, retail economics and the Internet. We note how, ...

  6. CALiPER Retail Lamps Study 3

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2014-02-01

    This is a special CALiPER report on LED lamps available through the retail marketplace and targeted toward general consumers. It follows similar reports published in 2011 and 2012 (products purchased in 2010 and 2011), and is intended as a continuation that identifies long-term trends. For this report, products were selected to investigate specific hypotheses, rather than represent a sample of the increasingly large retail LED market.

  7. Electric power annual 1995. Volume II

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-12-01

    This document summarizes pertinent statistics on various aspects of the U.S. electric power industry for the year and includes a graphic presentation. Data is included on electric utility retail sales and revenues, financial statistics, environmental statistics of electric utilities, demand-side management, electric power transactions, and non-utility power producers.

  8. ELECTRICITY AND NATURAL GAS DATA COLLECTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION HISTORICAL ELECTRICITY AND NATURAL GAS DATA COLLECTION Formsand of Power Plants Semi-Annual Report ..................................... 44 CEC-1306D UDC Natural Gas Tolling Agreement Quarterly Report.......................... 46 i #12;Natural Gas Utilities and Retailers

  9. Electricity sector restructuring and competition : lessons learned

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joskow, Paul L.

    2003-01-01

    We now have over a decade of experience with the privatization, restructuring, regulatory reform, and wholesale and retail competition in electricity sectors around the world. The objectives and design attributes of these ...

  10. Assessing Vehicle Electricity Demand Impacts on California Electricity Supply

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCarthy, Ryan W.

    2009-01-01

    CEC (2009) Statewide Electricity Rates by Utility, Class andrates if the marginal electricity rate from the LCFS isestimated marginal electricity emissions rate in California’

  11. The political economy of retail wheeling, or how to not re-fight the last war

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cohen, A.; Kihm, S.

    1994-04-01

    Disparities in utility rates - observably the result of poor supply-side resource planning - have been small before and will be small once again. Retail wheeling`s promise of short-run gains for a few would, ironically, destroy integrated resource processes in place today that guard against a repeat of yesterday`s planning mistakes. The authors argue that retail wheeling is a troubling answer to a mis-diagnosis of yesterday`s problem. They believe that a variety of other policies offer most of the benefits and few of the risks that retail wheeling poses. These include aggressive wholesale competition, judicious pruning of uneconomic capacity, and serious incorporation of environmental risks into utility planning and regulation.

  12. Using regulatory benchmarking techniques to set company performance targets: the case of US electricity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nillesen, Paul; Pollitt, Michael G.

    accounting for 67 percent of the market measured in number of customers (this is equivalent to 94mln. customers). Retail electricity sales totalled almost $270 billion in 2004, whereas total operating revenues of the IOUs were approximately $387 billion... In the sector known as FERC Form-1 files. 13 retailing costs of the distribution company. 10 The key data we data we use is not directly collected by FERC, as most companies are integrated utilities producing, transmitting and retailing electricity. We have...

  13. Evaluating demand planning strategy in the retail channel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zehavi, Limor (Limor Hadas)

    2012-01-01

    In 2007 Dell began selling through the retail channel. Five years later, the retail channel is still in the early stages relative to competitors and is growing rapidly. Short product lifecycles, long lead times and a high ...

  14. Retail Policies and Competition in the Gasoline Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borenstein, Severin; Bushnell, Jim

    2005-01-01

    Total Volume Table 4 - Gasoline Price Components Year RetailEvidence from Retail Gasoline Markets." Journal of Law,and Competition in the Gasoline Industry I. II. III. IV. V.

  15. Communicating the value of veal to retail and food service 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McNeill, Michael Scott

    1997-01-01

    Twenty-nine selected styles of subprimals or sections of veal were obtained from a commercial facility to assist in the development of a software support program for retailers. They were fabricated into bone-in or boneless retail cuts...

  16. Inter-organizational information sharing of customer data in retail

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tengberg, John C.F. (John Claes Fredrik)

    2013-01-01

    As massive online retailers are putting increasing pressure on the traditional brick-and-mortar retailers, new ways to compete for customers is needed. Identifying customers' behavior and understanding their needs could ...

  17. Inventory planning for low demand items in online retailing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chhaochhria, Pallav

    2007-01-01

    A large online retailer strategically stocks inventory for SKUs with low demand. The motivations are to provide a wide range of selections and faster customer fulfillment service. We assume the online retailer has the ...

  18. Retail Demand Response in Southwest Power Pool

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bharvirkar, Ranjit; Heffner, Grayson; Goldman, Charles

    2009-01-30

    In 2007, the Southwest Power Pool (SPP) formed the Customer Response Task Force (CRTF) to identify barriers to deploying demand response (DR) resources in wholesale markets and develop policies to overcome these barriers. One of the initiatives of this Task Force was to develop more detailed information on existing retail DR programs and dynamic pricing tariffs, program rules, and utility operating practices. This report describes the results of a comprehensive survey conducted by LBNL in support of the Customer Response Task Force and discusses policy implications for integrating legacy retail DR programs and dynamic pricing tariffs into wholesale markets in the SPP region. LBNL conducted a detailed survey of existing DR programs and dynamic pricing tariffs administered by SPP's member utilities. Survey respondents were asked to provide information on advance notice requirements to customers, operational triggers used to call events (e.g. system emergencies, market conditions, local emergencies), use of these DR resources to meet planning reserves requirements, DR resource availability (e.g. seasonal, annual), participant incentive structures, and monitoring and verification (M&V) protocols. Nearly all of the 30 load-serving entities in SPP responded to the survey. Of this group, fourteen SPP member utilities administer 36 DR programs, five dynamic pricing tariffs, and six voluntary customer response initiatives. These existing DR programs and dynamic pricing tariffs have a peak demand reduction potential of 1,552 MW. Other major findings of this study are: o About 81percent of available DR is from interruptible rate tariffs offered to large commercial and industrial customers, while direct load control (DLC) programs account for ~;;14percent. o Arkansas accounts for ~;;50percent of the DR resources in the SPP footprint; these DR resources are primarily managed by cooperatives. o Publicly-owned cooperatives accounted for 54percent of the existing DR resources among SPP members. For these entities, investment in DR is often driven by the need to reduce summer peak demand that is used to set demand charges for each distribution cooperative. o About 65-70percent of the interruptible/curtailable tariffs and DLC programs are routinely triggered based on market conditions, not just for system emergencies. Approximately, 53percent of the DR resources are available with less than two hours advance notice and 447 MW can be dispatched with less than thirty minutes notice. o Most legacy DR programs offered a reservation payment ($/kW) for participation; incentive payment levels ranged from $0.40 to $8.30/kW-month for interruptible rate tariffs and $0.30 to $4.60/kW-month for DLC programs. A few interruptible programs offered incentive payments which were explicitly linkedto actual load reductions during events; payments ranged from 2 to 40 cents/kWh for load curtailed.

  19. 2014 IEEE 28-th Convention of Electrical and Electronics Engineers in Israel The Ergodic Rate Density of MIMO Ad-hoc

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bergel, Itsik

    2014 IEEE 28-th Convention of Electrical and Electronics Engineers in Israel The Ergodic Rate the scaling laws of the Ergodic Rate Density (ERD) in ALOHA Wireless Ad-hoc Networks (WANETs) that utilize bound and the accuracy of the estimated parameters. I. INTRODUCTION Wireless Ad-hoc Networks (WANETs

  20. Increases in electric rates in rural areas. Hearing before the Committee on Agriculture, House of Representatives, Ninety-Sixth Congress, Second Session, June 4, 1980

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-01-01

    Seven witnesses representing rural electric utilities and cooperatives spoke at a June 4, 1980 hearing to discuss which inflationary factors are increasing rural electric rates. The Committee recognized that the problem is not unique to rural systems. In their testimony, the witnesses noted increasing urbanization of rural areas; the cost of generating plant construction, fuel, and operating expenses; general economic factors of inflation and high interest rates; and regulations as major contributing factors to utility requests for rate increases. The hearing record includes their testimony, additional material submitted for the record, and responses to questions from the subcommittee. (DCK)

  1. ELECTRIC

    Office of Legacy Management (LM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefield Municipal Gas &SCE-SessionsSouth DakotaRobbins and Myers CoMadison -T: Designation ofSEPE.ELECTRIC

  2. Seattle University Marketing 354: Introduction to Retailing Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carter, John

    Seattle University Marketing 354: Introduction to Retailing Management Winter 2014 INSTRUCTOR: Retailing Management, 9th Edition, by Michael Levy, Barton A. Weitz & Dhruv Grewal, McGraw Hill of retailing, from both a strategic and tactical/executional perspective. You will be given the framework

  3. Data Mining for the category management in the retail market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bebendorf, Mario

    Data Mining for the category management in the retail market Jochen Garcke, Michael Griebel and Michael Thess January 29, 2009 1 Executive summary Worldwide the retail market is under a severe competitive market. To survive in this market most retailers use undirected mass marketing extensively. All

  4. Vertical Relationships and Competition in Retail Gasoline Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley. University of

    PWP-075 Vertical Relationships and Competition in Retail Gasoline Markets: Empirical Evidence from in Retail Gasoline Markets Empirical Evidence from Contract Changes in Southern California Justine S, if any, of the differences in retail gasoline prices between markets is attributable to differences

  5. CSEM WP 110R Lessons from the California Electricity Crisis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley. University of

    PUCs should revise their retail market policies to prevent a future California crisis that these standard market rules, combined with the retail market rules implemented by state PUCs will increaseCSEM WP 110R Lessons from the California Electricity Crisis Frank A. Wolak Revised May 2003

  6. Pricing mechanism for real-time balancing in regional electricity markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Weerdt, Mathijs

    for precisely controlling the real-time balance in electricity markets, where retail brokers aggregate of their retail customer loads and sources. We enumerate the desirable properties of a market-based balancingPricing mechanism for real-time balancing in regional electricity markets Mathijs de Weerdt

  7. Electric power annual 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-12-08

    This report presents a summary of electric power industry statistics at national, regional, and state levels: generating capability and additions, net generation, fossil-fuel statistics, retail sales and revenue, finanical statistics, environmental statistics, power transactions, demand side management, nonutility power producers. Purpose is to provide industry decisionmakers, government policymakers, analysts, and the public with historical data that may be used in understanding US electricity markets.

  8. Demand response in adjustment markets for electricity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    : electricity consumption, adjustment market, demand response, information asymmetry JEL codes: D11, D21, Q41 in the consumption of electric energy by retail customers from their expected consumption inDemand response in adjustment markets for electricity Claude Crampes and Thomas-Olivier Léautier

  9. Chapter 3. Markets for electrical energy Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ernst, Damien

    of electricity. 3 #12;The need for a managed spot market Large consumers and retailers forecast their consumption the market closes. 6 #12;Example: Borduria Power trading in electricity market Unit A and unit B have largeChapter 3. Markets for electrical energy 1 #12;Introduction Assumption: All the generators

  10. Primer on electricity futures and other derivatives

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stoft, S.; Belden, T.; Goldman, C.; Pickle, S.

    1998-01-01

    Increased competition in bulk power and retail electricity markets is likely to lower electricity prices, but will also result in greater price volatility as the industry moves away from administratively determined, cost-based rates and encourages market-driven prices. Price volatility introduces new risks for generators, consumers, and marketers. Electricity futures and other derivatives can help each of these market participants manage, or hedge, price risks in a competitive electricity market. Futures contracts are legally binding and negotiable contracts that call for the future delivery of a commodity. In most cases, physical delivery does not take place, and the futures contract is closed by buying or selling a futures contract on or near the delivery date. Other electric rate derivatives include options, price swaps, basis swaps, and forward contracts. This report is intended as a primer for public utility commissioners and their staff on futures and other financial instruments used to manage price risks. The report also explores some of the difficult choices facing regulators as they attempt to develop policies in this area.

  11. August 13, 2001 To Retail Providers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ://www.energy.ca.gov/regulations/retail_disclosure.html#retaildisclosure>. Sample power content labels for the "no specific purchase case" (default) and the "50% specific purchase Disclosure Regulations (SB 1305, Power Source Disclosure Program) In March of this year, the Energy Providers for providing customers with a quarterly power content label and additionally, in some cases

  12. Marketing of Retail Signage in Different Environments 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Le, Mai

    2012-04-26

    The primary purpose of this research is to look into the design of signage in different retail locations to see how each place adapts its visual presentation to accommodate its consumers. It is clear that signs are designed differently from one...

  13. Vertical Relationships and Competition in Retail Gasoline Markets: An Empirical Evidence from Contract Changes in Southern California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hastings, Justine

    2000-01-01

    Behavior and Contracts in Retail Markets" American Economicof this potential for retail market power, many studies ofeffects of changes in retail market composition on prices.

  14. Defect model for the dependence of breakdown rate on external electric fields K. Nordlund and F. Djurabekova

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nordlund, Kai

    on an external electric field, observed in test components for the compact linear collider concept. The model

  15. Thermal dilepton rate and electrical conductivity: An analysis of vector current correlation functions in quenched lattice QCD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. -T. Ding; A. Francis; O. Kaczmarek; F. Karsch; E. Laermann; W. Soeldner

    2011-02-04

    We calculate the vector current correlation function for light valence quarks in the deconfined phase of QCD. The calculations have been performed in quenched lattice QCD at T=1.45 Tc for four values of the lattice cut-off on lattices up to size 128^3x48. This allows to perform a continuum extrapolation of the correlation function in the Euclidean time interval tau*T -in [0.2, 0.5], which extends to the largest temporal separations possible at finite temperature, to better than 1% accuracy. In this interval, at the value of the temperature investigated, we find that the vector correlation function never deviates from the free correlator for massless quarks by more than 9%. We also determine the first two non-vanishing thermal moments of the vector meson spectral function. The second thermal moment deviates by less than 7% from the free value. With these constraints, we then proceed to extract information on the spectral representation of the vector correlator and discuss resulting consequences for the electrical conductivity and the thermal dilepton rate in the plasma phase.

  16. http://stir.ac.uk/4x Why study Retail Marketing?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Little, Tony

    http://stir.ac.uk/4x BA(Hons) Retail Marketing #12;Why study Retail Marketing? Retailers lead marketing: Retailers have taken over marketing leadership from manufacturers. Retailers lead innovation and change: Sophisticated customer relationship programmes, multi-channel promotional and marketing

  17. Manufacturer-to-Retailer versus Manufacturer-to-Consumer Rebates in a Supply Chain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aydin, Goker

    Manufacturer-to-Retailer versus Manufacturer-to-Consumer Rebates in a Supply Chain Goker Aydin rebates and retail pricing. The demand uncertainty is multiplicative, and the expected demand depends on the effective (retail) price of the product. A retailer rebate goes from the manufacturer to the retailer

  18. Historic utility retail rate information | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA JumpDuimen River PowerHeckertHidrotermicaPower PvtHirschmannHistoric

  19. Electricity Rate Structures and the Economics of Solar PV: Could Mandatory Time-of-Use Rates Undermine California’s Solar Photovoltaic Subsidies?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borenstein, Severin

    2007-01-01

    paper presented at the American Solar Energy Society 2004and the Economics of Solar PV: Could Mandatory Time-of-Rates Undermine California’s Solar Photovoltaic Subsidies?

  20. Coordination of Retail Demand Response with Midwest ISO Markets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bharvirkar, Ranjit; Bharvirkar, Ranjit; Goldman, Charles; Heffner, Grayson; Sedano, Richard

    2008-05-27

    The Organization of Midwest ISO States (OMS) launched the Midwest Demand Resource Initiative (MWDRI) in 2007 to identify barriers to deploying demand response (DR) resources in the Midwest Independent System Operator (MISO) region and develop policies to overcome them. The MWDRI stakeholders decided that a useful initial activity would be to develop more detailed information on existing retail DR programs and dynamic pricing tariffs, program rules, and utility operating practices. This additional detail could then be used to assess any"seams issues" affecting coordination and integration of retail DR resources with MISO's wholesale markets. Working with state regulatory agencies, we conducted a detailed survey of existing DR programs, dynamic pricing tariffs, and their features in MISO states. Utilities were asked to provide information on advance notice requirements to customers, operational triggers used to call events (e.g. system emergencies, market conditions, local emergencies), use of these DR resources to meet planning reserves requirements, DR resource availability (e.g., seasonal, annual), participant incentive structures, and monitoring and verification (M&V) protocols. This report describes the results of this comprehensive survey and discusses policy implications for integrating legacy retail DR programs and dynamic pricing tariffs into organized wholesale markets. Survey responses from 37 MISO members and 4 non-members provided information on 141 DR programs and dynamic pricing tariffs with a peak load reduction potential of 4,727 MW of retail DR resource. Major findings of this study area:- About 72percent of available DR is from interruptible rate tariffs offered to large commercial and industrial customers, while direct load control (DLC) programs account for ~;;18percent. Almost 90percent of the DR resources included in this survey are provided by investor-owned utilities. - Approximately, 90percent of the DR resources are available with less than two hours advance notice and over 1,900 MW can be dispatched on less than thirty minutes notice. These legacy DR programs are increasingly used by utilities for economic in addition to reliability purposes, with over two-thirds (68percent) of these programs callable based on market conditions. - Approximately 60percent of DLC programs and 30percent of interruptible rate programs called ten or more DR events in 2006. Despite the high frequency of DR events, customer complaints remained low. The use of economic criteria to trigger DR events and the flexibility to trigger a large number of events suggests that DR resources can help improve the efficiency of MISO wholesale markets. - Most legacy DR programs offered a reservation payment ($/kW) for participation; incentive payment levels averaged about $5/kW-month for interruptible rate tariffs and $6/kW-month for DLC programs. Few programs offered incentive payments that were explicitly linked to actual load reductions during events and at least 27 DR programs do not have penalties for non-performance. - Measurement and verification (M&V) protocols to estimate load impacts vary significantly across MISO states. Almost half of the DR programs have not been evaluated in recent times and thus performance data for DR events is not available. For many DLC programs, M&V protocols may need to be enhancedin order to allow participation in MISO's proposed EDR schedule. System operators and planners will need to develop more accurate estimates of the load reduced capability and actual performance.

  1. Retail Building Guide for Entrance Energy Efficiency Measures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stein, J.; Kung, F.

    2012-03-01

    This booklet is based on the findings of an infiltration analysis for supermarkets and large retail buildings without refrigerated cases. It enables retail building managers and engineers to calculate the energy savings potential for vestibule additions for supermarkets; and bay door operation changes in large retail stores without refrigerated cases. Retail managers can use initial estimates to decide whether to engage vendors or contractors of vestibules for pricing or site-specific analyses, or to decide whether to test bay door operation changes in pilot stores, respectively.

  2. Edgeworth Price Cycles: Evidence from the Toronto Retail Gasoline Market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noel, Michael

    2004-01-01

    Robbery, An Analysis of the Gasoline Crisis”, Bloomington:Dynamic Pricing in Retail gasoline Markets”, RAND Journal ofR. Gilbert. “Do Gasoline Markets Respond Asymmetrically to

  3. Coordination of Retail Demand Response with Midwest ISO Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bharvirkar, Ranjit

    2008-01-01

    Robinson, Michael, 2008, "Demand Response in Midwest ISOPresentation at MISO Demand Response Working Group Meeting,Coordination of Retail Demand Response with Midwest ISO

  4. How Three Retail Buyers Source Large-Scale Solar Electricity

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Large-scale, non-utility solar power purchase agreements (PPAs) are still a rarity despite the growing popularity of PPAs across the country. In this webinar, participants will learn more about how...

  5. Retail Electric Competition: A Blueprint for Consumer Protection |

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergyInterestedReplacement-2-A Wholesale PowerNaturalEnergyResuming Operations

  6. Patterns of Pass-through of Commodity Price Shocks to Retail Prices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berck, Peter; Leibtag, Ephraim S.; Villas-Boas, Sofia B.; Solis, Alex

    2009-01-01

    B. 1975. “The Farm-Retail Price Spread in a Competitive Foodthe Income Effect: Gasoline Prices and Grocery Purchases. ”2004. “Patterns of Retail Price Variation. ” The RAND

  7. Effect of real-time electricity pricing on renewable generators and system emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Connolly, Jeremiah P. (Jeremiah Peter)

    2008-01-01

    Real-time retail pricing (RTP) of electricity, in which the retail price is allowed to vary with very little time delay in response to changes in the marginal cost of generation, offers expected short-run and long-run ...

  8. Two-Settlement Electric Power Markets with Dynamic-Price Contracts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    Two-Settlement Electric Power Markets with Dynamic-Price Contracts 27 July 2011 IEEE PES GM: Personnel from PNNL/DOE, XM, RTE, MEC, & MISO IRW Project:IRW Project: Integrated Retail/Wholesale PowerIntegrated Retail/Wholesale Power System Operation with SmartSystem Operation with Smart--Grid Functionality

  9. CALiPER Special Summary Report: Retail Replacement Lamp Testing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2011-04-01

    CALiPER testing has evaluated many products for commercial lighting markets and found some excellent performers. However, many of these are not available on the retail market. This special testing was undertaken to identify and test solid-state lighting (SSL) replacement lamp products that are available to the general public through retail stores and websites.

  10. Retailer-Wholesaler Response to State-Sponsored Marketing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neimark, Alexander V.

    Retailer-Wholesaler Response to State-Sponsored Marketing Programs: The Case of Jersey Fresh Ramu #12;Retailer-Wholesaler Response to State-Sponsored Marketing Programs: The Case of Jersey Fresh Ramu Govindasamy Aruna Pingali John Italia Daymon Thatch RUTGERS In cooperation with: Agricultural Marketing

  11. Advanced Energy Retrofit Guide Retail Buildings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, Guopeng; Liu, Bing; Zhang, Jian; Wang, Weimin; Athalye, Rahul A.; Moser, Dave; Crowe, Eliot; Bengtson, Nick; Effinger, Mark; Webster, Lia; Hatten, Mike

    2011-09-19

    The Advanced Energy Retrofit Guide for Retail Buildings is a component of the Department of Energy’s Advanced Energy Retrofit Guides for Existing Buildings series. The aim of the guides is to facilitate a rapid escalation in the number of energy efficiency projects in existing buildings and to enhance the quality and depth of those projects. By presenting general project planning guidance as well as financial payback metrics for the most common energy efficiency measures, these guides provide a practical roadmap to effectively planning and implementing performance improvements for existing buildings.

  12. Retail Demand Response in Southwest Power Pool

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankADVANCED MANUFACTURINGEnergy BillsNo. 195 - Oct.7,Breakout SessionsEnergySampleWIPPLBNL-1470E Retail

  13. Dominion Retail Inc (Pennsylvania) | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to:of the National Climate Change Policy |Dominion Retail Inc

  14. Dominion Retail Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LISTStar2-0057-EA Jump to:of the National Climate Change Policy |Dominion Retail

  15. Electricity Rate Structures and the Economics of Solar PV: Could Mandatory Time-of-Use Rates Undermine California’s Solar Photovoltaic Subsidies?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borenstein, Severin

    2007-01-01

    residential customers in California are on ?at-rate tari?s that charge the same price for electricityelectricity prices that PG&E’s larger residential users face are well out of the norm both nationwide and historically in California.

  16. Hedging and Vertical Integration in Electricity Markets Gilles Chemla

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Touzi, Nizar

    Hedging and Vertical Integration in Electricity Markets Ren´e A¨id Gilles Chemla Arnaud Porchet) spot, retail, and forward markets and vertical integration in electricity markets. We develop risk averse. We illustrate our analysis with data from the French electricity market. We would like

  17. United States of America Electric Energy Market Competition Task Force

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    i United States of America Electric Energy Market Competition Task Force and the Federal Energy and Retail Markets for Electric Energy Docket No. AD05 Act of 2005 requires the Electric Energy Market Competition Task Force to conduct a study and analysis

  18. Assessing and Reducing Plug and Process Loads in Retail Buildings (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2011-06-01

    Plug and process loads (PPLs) in commercial buildings account for almost 5% of U.S. primary energy consumption. Minimizing these loads is a primary challenge in the design and operation of an energy-efficient building. PPLs are not related to general lighting, heating, ventilation, cooling, and water heating, and typically do not provide comfort to the occupants. They use an increasingly large fraction of the building energy use pie because the number and variety of electrical devices have increased along with building system efficiency. Reducing PPLs is difficult because energy efficiency opportunities and the equipment needed to address PPL energy use in retail spaces are poorly understood.

  19. Effects of anolyte recirculation rates and catholytes on electricity generation in a litre-scale upflow microbial fuel cell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    a highly important issue in response to the current global energy crisis. As an alternative energy-scale MFCs for practical applications. 1. Introduction The use of alternative energy resources has become, bioenergy, especially bio-electricity generated from waste/wastewater, can reduce the amount of energy

  20. Chain-store Pricing and the Structure of Retail Matthew Olczak

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feigon, Brooke

    Chain-store Pricing and the Structure of Retail Markets by Matthew Olczak ESRC Centre-stores are becoming an increasingly significant form of retailing across UK high-streets. Many markets are now. In the UK retail sector multiple retailers increased their market share from around 23% in 1950 to 65

  1. ISSN 1745-9648 Non-discrimination clauses in the retail

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feigon, Brooke

    of the retail market. November 2010 JEL Classification: L11, L13, L41 Keywords: Non-discrimination clauses, retail energy markets. Acknowledgements: We gratefully acknowledge the financial support of the UK, and welcome the regulator's latest review of the retail market. Keywords: Non-discrimination clauses, retail

  2. A new key recovery attack on the ANSI retail MAC Chris J. Mitchell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mitchell, Chris

    A new key recovery attack on the ANSI retail MAC Chris J. Mitchell Information Security Group circumstances, enables a more efficient attack than was previously known to be launched against the ANSI retail with the message. 1.1 The ANSI retail MAC The ANSI retail MAC scheme [1], otherwise known as CBC-MAC-Y or ISO

  3. The combined effect of chemical and electrical synapses in small Hindmarsch-Rose neural networks on synchronisation and on the rate of information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. S. Baptista; F. M. Moukam Kakmeni; C. Grebogi

    2011-04-13

    In this work we studied the combined action of chemical and electrical synapses in small networks of Hindmarsh-Rose (HR) neurons on the synchronous behaviour and on the rate of information produced (per time unit) by the networks. We show that if the chemical synapse is excitatory, the larger the chemical synapse strength used the smaller the electrical synapse strength needed to achieve complete synchronisation, and for moderate synaptic strengths one should expect to find desynchronous behaviour. Otherwise, if the chemical synapse is inhibitory, the larger the chemical synapse strength used the larger the electrical synapse strength needed to achieve complete synchronisation, and for moderate synaptic strengths one should expect to find synchronous behaviours. Finally, we show how to calculate semi-analytically an upper bound for the rate of information produced per time unit (Kolmogorov-Sinai entropy) in larger networks. As an application, we show that this upper bound is linearly proportional to the number of neurons in a network whose neurons are highly connected.

  4. The Impact of Rate Design and Net Metering on the Bill Savings from Distributed PV for Residential Customers in California

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Energy and Resources Group, University of California, Berkeley; Darghouth, Naim R.; Barbose, Galen; Wiser, Ryan

    2011-06-01

    Net metering has become a widespread mechanism in the U.S. for supporting customer adoption of distributed photovoltaics (PV), but has faced challenges as PV installations grow to a larger share of generation in a number of states. This paper examines the value of the bill savings that customers receive under net metering, and the associated role of retail rate design, based on a sample of approximately two hundred residential customers of California's two largest electric utilities. We find that the bill savings per kWh of PV electricity generated varies by more than a factor of four across the customers in the sample, which is largely attributable to the inclining block structure of the utilities' residential retail rates. We also compare the bill savings under net metering to that received under three potential alternative compensation mechanisms, based on California's Market Price Referent (MPR). We find that net metering provides significantly greater bill savings than a full MPR-based feed-in tariff, but only modestly greater savings than alternative mechanisms under which hourly or monthly net excess generation is compensated at the MPR rate.

  5. Deregulating and regulatory reform in the U.S. electric power sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joskow, Paul L.

    2000-01-01

    This paper discusses the evolution of wholesale and retail competition in the U.S electricity sector and associated industry restructuring and regulatory reforms. It begins with a discussion of the industry structure and ...

  6. The difficult transition to competitive electricity markets in the U.S.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joskow, Paul L.

    2003-01-01

    This paper provides a comprehensive discussion of the causes and consequences of state and federal initiatives to introduce wholesale and retail competition into the U.S. electricity sector between 1995 and the present. ...

  7. Optimization-based decision support system for retail souring

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patel, Jalpa (Jalpa N.)

    2012-01-01

    Some of the biggest challenges in the retail sourcing lie in predicting demand for a new article and making purchase decisions such as quantity, source, transportation mode and time of the order. Such decisions become more ...

  8. Who stocks the shelf? : an analysis of retail replenishment strategies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuai, Jiaqi

    2007-01-01

    The objective of this thesis is to analyze the trade-offs of two retail replenishment strategies, DSD (Direct Store Delivery) model and Traditional model. Conceptual and cost models are set up to analyze the trade-offs, ...

  9. Retail/commercial edges in the contemporary urban context

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Neill, Brian Charles

    1982-01-01

    This thesis ascertains what morphological and functional characteristics are germane to retail edges. The work is structured around and supportive of an attitude that views social interaction as a vital and necessary ...

  10. The New Hampshire retail competition pilot program and the role of green marketing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Holt, E.A.; Fang, J.M.

    1997-11-01

    Most states in the US are involved in electric industry restructuring, from considering the pros and cons in regulatory dockets to implementing legislative mandates for full restructuring and retail access for all consumers. Several states and utilities have initiated pilot programs in which multiple suppliers or service providers may compete for business and some utility customers can choose among competing suppliers. The State of New Hampshire has been experimenting with a pilot program, mandated by the State Legislature in 1995 and implemented by the New Hampshire Public Utilities Commission (NHPUC), before it implements full retail access. Green marketing, an attempt to characterize the supplier or service provider as environmentally friendly without referring to the energy resource used to generate electricity, was used by several suppliers or service providers to attract customers. This appeal to environmental consumerism was moderately successful, but it raised a number of consumer protection and public policy issues. This issue brief examines the marketing methods used in New Hampshire and explores what green marketing might mean for the development of renewable energy generation. It also addresses the issues raised and their implications.

  11. Analysis of Local Retail Market for Catfish and Crawfish. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Capps, Oral Jr.; Lambregts, Johannes Adrianus

    1990-01-01

    Southern Regional Aquaculture Center I I ~\\ '?7 B-16~ SRAC No. 512 November 1990 :1. o' Analysis of a Local Retail Market for Catfish and Crawfish The Texas Agricultural Experiment Station Charles J. Arntzen, Director The Texas A...&M University System College -station, Texas (Blank Page In 0 -rigiaal BuDetinl ? 7 . k. :i'; ;:: ~?- .? ,.: t : .. '? Analysis of a Local Retail Market for Catfish and Crawfish Oral Capps, Jr. and Johannes Adrianus Lambregts1 1Respectively...

  12. Composition of carcasses and retail cuts from lightweight heifers 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Guzman Mirabal, Luis Alejandro

    1986-01-01

    of the Journal of Animal Science. possibility for marketing beef using private branding. This system allows the packer to characterize a particular type of carcass, primal cut or retail cut, and to obtain permission to use the label "lean" on the product...COMPOSITION OF CARCASSES AND RETAIL CUTS FROM LIGHTWEIGHT HEIFERS A Thesis by LUIS ALEJANDRO GUZMAN MIRABAL Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER...

  13. Retail Shelf-life Characteristics of Dry-aged Beef 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ulbrich, Carson

    2010-07-14

    SCHOLAR A Senior Scholars Thesis by CARSON JOSEPH ULBRICH RETAIL SHELF-LIFE CHARACTERISTICS OF DRY-AGED BEEF Approved by: Research Advisors: Jeffrey W. Savell Davey B. Griffin Associate Dean for Undergraduate Research: Robert C. Webb... ULBRICH iii ABSTRACT Retail Shelf-Life Characteristics of Dry-Aged Beef. (April 2010) Carson Joseph Ulbrich Department of Animal Science Texas A&M University Research Advisors: Drs. Jeffrey W. Savell and Davey B. Griffin Department...

  14. Trends in demand for retail and wholesale cuts of meat 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Holloway, David Wayne

    1990-01-01

    TRENDS IN DEMAND FOR RETAIL AND WHOLESALE CUTS OF MEAT A Thesis by DAVID WAYNE HOLLOWAY Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas ARM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE... December 1990 Major Subject: Agricultural Economics TRENDS IN DEMAND FOR RETAIL AND WHOLESALE CUTS OF MEAT A Thesis by DAVID WAYNE HOLLOWAY Approved as to style and content by: Donald E. Farris (Chair of Committee) Carl E. Shafer (Member) Rudo J...

  15. Residential implementation of critical-peak pricing of electricity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herter, Karen

    2006-01-01

    residential peak-load electricity rate structures. Journalefficiency efforts. Keywords: electricity rates, residentialmust suffer higher electricity rates to pay for the bill

  16. Equity Effects of Increasing-Block Electricity Pricing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borenstein, Severin

    2008-01-01

    of increasing-block electricity rate schedules in the Unitedfrom the analysis of electricity rates, this approach toBlock Residential Electricity Rates in California The

  17. Renewable Portfolio Standards in the United States - A Status Report with Data Through 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiser, Ryan

    2008-01-01

    in RPS design The electricity rate increases associated withon average retail electricity rates so far. Translatingdecline. Estimated Electricity Rate Impact in 2007 (%)

  18. Tariffs Can Be Structured to Encourage Photovoltaic Energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiser, Ryan

    2009-01-01

    the design of retail electricity rates, particularly forcommercial and industrial electricity rates offered by theaverage cost of electricity on each rate, the customer load

  19. Customer response to day-ahead wholesale market electricity prices: Case study of RTP program experience in New York

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goldman, C.; Hopper, N.; Sezgen, O.; Moezzi, M.; Bharvirkar, R.; Neenan, B.; Boisvert, R.; Cappers, P.; Pratt, D.

    2004-07-01

    There is growing interest in policies, programs and tariffs that encourage customer loads to provide demand response (DR) to help discipline wholesale electricity markets. Proposals at the retail level range from eliminating fixed rate tariffs as the default service for some or all customer groups to reinstituting utility-sponsored load management programs with market-based inducements to curtail. Alternative rate designs include time-of-use (TOU), day-ahead real-time pricing (RTP), critical peak pricing, and even pricing usage at real-time market balancing prices. Some Independent System Operators (ISOs) have implemented their own DR programs whereby load curtailment capabilities are treated as a system resource and are paid an equivalent value. The resulting load reductions from these tariffs and programs provide a variety of benefits, including limiting the ability of suppliers to increase spot and long-term market-clearing prices above competitive levels (Neenan et al., 2002; Boren stein, 2002; Ruff, 2002). Unfortunately, there is little information in the public domain to characterize and quantify how customers actually respond to these alternative dynamic pricing schemes. A few empirical studies of large customer RTP response have shown modest results for most customers, with a few very price-responsive customers providing most of the aggregate response (Herriges et al., 1993; Schwarz et al., 2002). However, these studies examined response to voluntary, two-part RTP programs implemented by utilities in states without retail competition.1 Furthermore, the researchers had limited information on customer characteristics so they were unable to identify the drivers to price response. In the absence of a compelling characterization of why customers join RTP programs and how they respond to prices, many initiatives to modernize retail electricity rates seem to be stymied.

  20. "Catching the second wave" of the Plug in Electric Vehicle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    , utility side support · Retail system: dealer profit and support for customers · Used PEV market"Catching the second wave" of the Plug in Electric Vehicle Market PEV market update from ITS PHEV on gasoline, diesel, natural gas, biofuels and other liquid or gaseous fuels. · HEV = Hybrid electric vehicles

  1. Diagnosing the California Electricity "Crisis": Lessons for Latin America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rudnick, Hugh

    in wholesale market exacerbated problems, but was not cause of "crisis" ­ Retail market with active demand1 Diagnosing the California Electricity "Crisis": Lessons for Latin America Frank A. Wolak and after reform · Diagnosing California electricity "crisis" ­ April 1998 to April 2000--Competition works

  2. EMBRACE ELECTRIC COMPETITION OR IT'S DJ VU ALL OVER AGAIN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    active in the competitive wholesale and retail markets. NorthBridge has a national practice and longEMBRACE ELECTRIC COMPETITION OR IT'S DÉJÀ VU ALL OVER AGAIN By Frank Huntowski, Neil Fisher consulting firm serving the electric and natural gas industries, including regulated utilities and companies

  3. Control Optimization for a Chilled Water Thermal Storage System Under a Complicated Time-of-Use Electricity Rate Schedule 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, J.; Wei, G.; Turner, W.D.; Deng, S.; Claridge, D.E.; Contreras, O.

    2005-01-01

    .6 m) in diameter with a total volume capacity of 1,400,000 gallon (5,299,560 L). Under design conditions, the fully charged thermal storage tank can hold a cooling capacity of 12,000 ton-hr (42,204 kWh). The temperatures of the stratified chilled... of time for the tank to discharge is selected, as many higher-priced hours as possible. The time charge the tank is automatically determined as n, the average chiller production rate required e charging period is calculated from the total campus load...

  4. Electric power monthly, March 1998 with data for December 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1998-03-01

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and US levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity retail sales, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. In addition, data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. 63 tabs.

  5. April 16, 2007 To all retail providers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of generation. Thus, Net System Power, and the term "CA Power Mix", do not represent the fuel mix of ALL the electric generation consumed by California customers. In the last few years, Net System Power has represented a significantly declining share of California's electricity generation mix; in 2006 that share

  6. April 21, 2006 To all retail providers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    claims of generation. Thus, Net System Power, and the term "CA Power Mix", do not represent the fuel mix of ALL the electric generation consumed by California customers. In the last few years, Net System Power has represented a significantly declining share of California's electricity generation mix; in 2005

  7. Electric power annual 1992

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-01-06

    The Electric Power Annual presents a summary of electric utility statistics at national, regional and State levels. The objective of the publication is to provide industry decisionmakers, government policymakers, analysts and the general public with historical data that may be used in understanding US electricity markets. The Electric Power Annual is prepared by the Survey Management Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels; Energy Information Administration (EIA); US Department of Energy. ``The US Electric Power Industry at a Glance`` section presents a profile of the electric power industry ownership and performance, and a review of key statistics for the year. Subsequent sections present data on generating capability, including proposed capability additions; net generation; fossil-fuel statistics; retail sales; revenue; financial statistics; environmental statistics; electric power transactions; demand-side management; and nonutility power producers. In addition, the appendices provide supplemental data on major disturbances and unusual occurrences in US electricity power systems. Each section contains related text and tables and refers the reader to the appropriate publication that contains more detailed data on the subject matter. Monetary values in this publication are expressed in nominal terms.

  8. Electric power industry restructuring in Australia: Lessons from down-under. Occasional paper No. 20

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ray, D.

    1997-01-01

    Australia`s electric power industry (EPI) is undergoing major restructuring. This restructuring includes commercialization of state-owned electric organization through privatization and through corporatization into separate governmental business units; structural unbundling of generation, transmission, retailing, and distribution; and creation of a National Electricity Market (NEM) organized as a centralized, market-based trading pool for buying and selling electricity. The principal rationales for change in the EPI were the related needs of enhancing international competitiveness, improving productivity, and lowering electric rates. Reducing public debt through privatization also played an important role. Reforms in the EPI are part of the overall economic reform package that is being implemented in Australia. Enhancing efficiency in the economy through competition is a key objective of the reforms. As the need for reform was being discussed in the early 1990s, Australia`s previous prime minister, Paul Keating, observed that {open_quotes}the engine which drives efficiency is free and open competition.{close_quotes} The optimism about the economic benefits of the full package of reforms across the different sectors of the economy, including the electricity industry, is reflected in estimated benefits of a 5.5 percent annual increase in real gross domestic product and the creation of 30,000 more jobs. The largest source of the benefits (estimated at 25 percent of total benefits) was projected to come from reform of the electricity and gas sectors.

  9. Cost of Service and Rate Design Issues Affecting Industrial Customers in Retail Rate Proceedings 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stover, C. N. Jr.

    1986-01-01

    stream_source_info ESL-IE-86-06-21.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 27248 Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 stream_name ESL-IE-86-06-21.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 COST OF SERVICE.... They include: (1) the determination of revenue requirements for the utility, (2) the allocation of revenue requirements to individual customer classes, and (3) the allocation of revenue requirements to individual customers within a class. If energy costs...

  10. The Impact of Rate Design and Net Metering on the Bill Savings from Distributed PV for Residential Customers in California

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Darghouth, Naim; Barbose, Galen; Wiser, Ryan

    2010-03-30

    Net metering has become a widespread policy in the U.S. for supporting distributed photovoltaics (PV) adoption. Though specific design details vary, net metering allows customers with PV to reduce their electric bills by offsetting their consumption with PV generation, independent of the timing of the generation relative to consumption - in effect, compensating the PV generation at retail electricity rates (Rose et al. 2009). While net metering has played an important role in jump-starting the residential PV market in the U.S., challenges to net metering policies have emerged in a number of states and contexts, and alternative compensation methods are under consideration. Moreover, one inherent feature of net metering is that the value of the utility bill savings it provides to customers with PV depends heavily on the structure of the underlying retail electricity rate, as well as on the characteristics of the customer and PV system. Consequently, the value of net metering - and the impact of moving to alternative compensation mechanisms - can vary substantially from one customer to the next. For these reasons, it is important for policymakers and others that seek to support the development of distributed PV to understand both how the bill savings varies under net metering, and how the bill savings under net metering compares to other possible compensation mechanisms. To advance this understanding, we analyze the bill savings from PV for residential customers of California's two largest electric utilities, Pacific Gas and Electric (PG&E) and Southern California Edison (SCE). The analysis is based on hourly load data from a sample of 215 residential customers located in the service territories of the two utilities, matched with simulated hourly PV production for the same time period based on data from the nearest of 73 weather stations in the state.

  11. Electric power annual 1997. Volume 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-07-01

    The Electric Power Annual presents a summary of electric power industry statistics at national, regional, and State levels. The objective of the publication is to provide industry decisionmakers, government policy-makers, analysts, and the general public with data that may be used in understanding US electricity markets. The Electric Power Annual is prepared by the Electric Power Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels; Energy Information Administration (EIA); US Department of Energy. Volume 1 -- with a focus on US electric utilities -- contains final 1997 data on net generation and fossil fuel consumption, stocks, receipts, and cost; preliminary 1997 data on generating unit capability, and retail sales of electricity, associated revenue, and the average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold (based on a monthly sample: Form EIA-826, ``Monthly Electric Utility Sales and Revenue Report with State Distributions``). Additionally, information on net generation from renewable energy sources and on the associated generating capability is included in Volume 1 of the EPA.

  12. Retail of the future : O2O or O&O?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Somani, Vaibhav, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2015-01-01

    Retail industry has transformed in the first decade of this century and new trends continue to disrupt it. Rise of the online channel has pushed the entire retail industry to innovate and think of novel ways to attract and ...

  13. Retail sales forecast : a cross sectional approach for real investment strategy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kong, Ai, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2008-01-01

    The intent of this thesis is to identify the demand drivers for ten retail sub-categories in the US and develop an understanding of how to best use this information to make better retail real estate investment decisions. ...

  14. The growth of retail REITs : an exploration of current practices and implications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Toth, A. Eric (Anthony Eric), 1971-

    2003-01-01

    This study is an exploration of the current growth activity of retail real estate investment trusts (REITs). The specific questions to be explored are: How are retail REITs currently growing, how is this growth being ...

  15. Retail Lamps Study 3.2: Lumen and Chromaticity Maintenance of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Retail Lamps Study 3.2: Lumen and Chromaticity Maintenance of LED A Lamps Operated in Steady-State Conditions Retail Lamps Study 3.2: Lumen and Chromaticity Maintenance of LED A...

  16. E85 Retail Business Case: When and Why to Sell E85

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Johnson, C.; Melendez, M.

    2007-12-01

    NREL developed a model to test the investment profitability of adding E85 to retail stations. This report discusses this model and how retailers can make E85 a profitable business venture.

  17. Stackelberg Game based Demand Response for At-Home Electric Vehicle Charging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bahk, Saewoong

    1 Stackelberg Game based Demand Response for At-Home Electric Vehicle Charging Sung-Guk Yoon Member, which is called demand response. Under demand response, retailers determine their electricity prices and customers respond accordingly with their electricity consumption levels. In particular, the demands

  18. On Coordinating Electricity Markets: Smart Power Scheduling for Demand Side Management and Economic Dispatch

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Yiling

    On Coordinating Electricity Markets: Smart Power Scheduling for Demand Side Management and Economic;On Coordinating Electricity Markets: Smart Power Scheduling for Demand Side Management and Economic Dispatch Abstract Information asymmetry in retail electricity markets is one of the largest sources of inef

  19. Stackelberg Game based Demand Response for At-Home Electric Vehicle Charging

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bahk, Saewoong

    1 Stackelberg Game based Demand Response for At-Home Electric Vehicle Charging Sung-Guk Yoon Member, which is called demand response. Under demand response, retailers determine their electricity prices cost solution and the result of the equal- charging scheme. Index Terms--demand response, electric

  20. Better Buildings Neighborhood Program Business Models Guide: Contractor/Retailer Business Models

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Business models information focused on remodelers, HVAC (heating, ventilation, and air conditioning) contractors, home performance contractors, or retailers.

  1. Entrepreneurial dreams, harsh realities: Aspirations and mobility in informal and formal retail jobs in Mexico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denham, Diana; Tilly, Chris

    2013-01-01

    modern  retailers such as Walmart dominating the formal other goods, owned by Walmart  California Vinos y Licores 

  2. Entrepreneur.com U.S. home-center retailer attitudes, perceptions and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Entrepreneur.com U.S. home-center retailer attitudes, perceptions and behaviors regarding forest. In this study, we surveyed the top 500 home-center retailers in the United States to ascertain, and distribution. This study attempts to shed light on the retail distributor of the supply chain, where decisions

  3. Northern Colorado Retail Study: A shift-share analysis 2000 to 2010

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of NoCo's retail markets for the region's stakeholders. The current economic recession has significantly's (NoCo) retail market from a regional perspective by applying industry standard `shift-share' analysis to discover if NoCo's evolving retail markets are a zero-sum game as cities compete for sales tax dollars

  4. "The Implementation Challenge of Pricing Decision Support Systems for Retail Managers" Suzanne N. Valentine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Faloutsos, Christos

    the retail and consumer goods manufacturer markets finally seem ready for Pricing Decision Support SystemsComment on "The Implementation Challenge of Pricing Decision Support Systems for Retail Managers based on discussions with retailers is that the vendor offerings do differ substantially, both in terms

  5. Pricing of American retail options Christina Burton, McKay Heasley, Jeffrey Humpherys, Jialin Li

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Humpherys, Jeffrey

    and controlling inventories in a retail market. We propose a new class of American put option contracts. However, to improve market efficiency this option contract allows the retailer to freely adjust the sale]. In the retail markets, merchants hold inventories of goods and services much like investors hold portfolios

  6. COMPETITION POLICY TOWARDS RETAILERS: SIZE, SELLER MARKET POWER AND BUYER POWER

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feigon, Brooke

    1 COMPETITION POLICY TOWARDS RETAILERS: SIZE, SELLER MARKET POWER AND BUYER POWER by Nicola the wholesale price in which retailers serve different distribution markets. The model shows that the current in this practice. JEL: L20; L40. Keywords : Market Definition; Bargaining; Retail Sector. ISSN 1473-8473 #12;2 1

  7. Value-based Customer Grouping from Large Retail Data-sets Alexander Strehl and Joydeep Ghosh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Strehl, Alexander

    on a real retail industry data-set of several thousand customers and products, to demonstrate the power of the proposed technique. Keywords: Data mining, clustering, graph partitioning, retail marketing 1. INTRODUCTIONValue-based Customer Grouping from Large Retail Data-sets Alexander Strehl and Joydeep Ghosh

  8. Integrated Retail and Wholesale Power System Operation with Smart-Grid Functionality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    of retail and wholesale power markets operating over transmission and distribution networks with smart is the integrated study of retail and wholesale power markets operating over transmis- sion and distribution grids1 Integrated Retail and Wholesale Power System Operation with Smart-Grid Functionality Dionysios

  9. "IdentifyingTwoPartTariffContractswithBuyerPower: EmpiricalEstimationonFoodRetailing"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for the ...nal price setting by retailers, for competition and market power analysis. The nature of contracts TSE575 "IdentifyingTwoPartTariffContractswithBuyerPower: EmpiricalEstimationonFoodRetailing price maintenance and allow retailers to have a buyer power determined by the horizontal competition

  10. The modern day discount house as a separate retail establishment 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Broussard, Carroll James

    1964-01-01

    . Almost any product placed on the market was as; ed of succ"ss. Retail establishments were en- joying i igh profits, and hardly any price competition was apparen , Practically any method of operation was deemed succe. "?- ' 1. Discou-it houses, as well... as other retail es- tablisl . nts, prosp red during this period of a seller' s market. i ng the eai ly 1950's, the demand for consumer good- '~ t followed World War II was almost altogether 10 satisfi i and a buy r's market prevailed. Generally...

  11. Transportation Energy Futures Series: Alternative Fuel Infrastructure Expansion: Costs, Resources, Production Capacity, and Retail Availability for Low-Carbon Scenarios

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Melaina, M. W.; Heath, G.; Sandor, D.; Steward, D.; Vimmerstedt, L.; Warner, E.; Webster, K. W.

    2013-04-01

    Achieving the Department of Energy target of an 80% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2050 depends on transportation-related strategies combining technology innovation, market adoption, and changes in consumer behavior. This study examines expanding low-carbon transportation fuel infrastructure to achieve deep GHG emissions reductions, with an emphasis on fuel production facilities and retail components serving light-duty vehicles. Three distinct low-carbon fuel supply scenarios are examined: Portfolio: Successful deployment of a range of advanced vehicle and fuel technologies; Combustion: Market dominance by hybridized internal combustion engine vehicles fueled by advanced biofuels and natural gas; Electrification: Market dominance by electric drive vehicles in the LDV sector, including battery electric, plug-in hybrid, and fuel cell vehicles, that are fueled by low-carbon electricity and hydrogen. A range of possible low-carbon fuel demand outcomes are explored in terms of the scale and scope of infrastructure expansion requirements and evaluated based on fuel costs, energy resource utilization, fuel production infrastructure expansion, and retail infrastructure expansion for LDVs. This is one of a series of reports produced as a result of the Transportation Energy Futures (TEF) project, a Department of Energy-sponsored multi-agency project initiated to pinpoint underexplored transportation-related strategies for abating GHGs and reducing petroleum dependence.

  12. State Policies Provide Critical Support for Renewable Electricity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barbose, Galen; Wiser, Ryan; Bolinger, Mark

    2008-07-15

    Growth in renewable energy in the U.S. over the past decade has been propelled by a number of forces, including rising fossil fuel prices, environmental concerns, and policy support at the state and federal levels. In this article, we review and discuss what are arguably the two most important types of state policies for supporting electricity generation from geothermal and other forms of renewable energy: renewables portfolio standards and utility integrated resource planning requirements. Within the Western U.S., where the vast majority of the nation's readily-accessible geothermal resource potential resides, these two types of state policies have been critical to the growth of renewable energy, and both promise to continue to play a fundamental role for the foreseeable future. In its essence, a renewables portfolio standard (RPS) requires utilities and other retail electricity suppliers to produce or purchase a minimum quantity or percentage of their generation supply from renewable resources. RPS purchase obligations generally increase over time, and retail suppliers typically must demonstrate compliance on an annual basis. Mandatory RPS policies are backed by various types of compliance enforcement mechanisms, although most states have incorporated some type of cost-containment provision, such as a cost cap or a cap on retail rate impacts, which could conceivably allow utilities to avoid (full) compliance with their RPS target. Currently, 27 states and the District of Columbia have mandatory RPS requirements. Within the eleven states of the contiguous Western U.S., all but three (Idaho, Utah, and Wyoming) now have a mandatory RPS legislation (Utah has a more-voluntary renewable energy goal), covering almost 80% of retail electricity sales in the region. Although many of these state policies have only recently been established, their impact is already evident: almost 1800 MW of new renewable capacity has been installed in Western states following the implementation of RPS policies. To date, wind energy has been the primary beneficiary of state RPS policies, representing approximately 83% of RPS-driven renewable capacity growth in the West through 2007. Geothermal energy occupies a distant second place, providing 7% of RPS-driven new renewable capacity in the West since the late 1990s, though geothermal's contribution on an energy (MWh) basis is higher. Looking to the future, a sizable quantity of renewable capacity beyond pre-RPS levels will be needed to meet state RPS mandates: about 25,000 MW by 2025 within the Western U.S. Geothermal energy is beginning to provide an increasingly significant contribution, as evidenced by the spate of new projects recently announced to meet state RPS requirements. Most of this activity has been driven by the RPS policies in California and Nevada, where the Geothermal Energy Association has identified 47 new geothermal projects, totaling more than 2,100 MW, in various stages of development. Additional geothermal projects in Arizona, New Mexico, Oregon, and Washington are also under development to meet those states RPS requirements. The other major state policy driver for renewable electricity growth, particularly in the West, is integrated resource planning (IRP). IRP was first formalized as a practice in the 1980s, but the practice was suspended in some states as electricity restructuring efforts began. A renewed interest in IRP has emerged in the past several years, however, with several Western states (California, Montana, and New Mexico) reestablishing IRP and others developing new rules to strengthen their existing processes. In its barest form, IRP simply requires that utilities periodically submit long-term resource procurement plans in which they evaluate alternative strategies for meeting their resource needs over the following ten to twenty years. However, many states have developed specific requirements for the IRP process that directly or indirectly support renewable energy. The most general of these is an explicit requirement that utilities evaluate renewables, and that

  13. Using Electricity",,,"Electricity Consumption",,,"Electricity...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    . Total Electricity Consumption and Expenditures, 2003" ,"All Buildings* Using Electricity",,,"Electricity Consumption",,,"Electricity Expenditures" ,"Number of Buildings...

  14. Fact #858 February 2, 2015 Retail Gasoline Prices in 2014 Experienced the Largest Decline since 2008 – Dataset

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Excel file with dataset for Retail Gasoline Prices in 2014 Experienced the Largest Decline since 2008

  15. Buying Clean Electricity | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    from your current electricity service. Learn More Tips: Smart Meters and a Smart Power Grid Tips: Time-Based Electricity Rates Reducing Your Electricity Use External Resources...

  16. Agent-mediated Integrative Negotiation for Retail Electronic Commerce

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Value-Added, Merchant Differentiation and Market Power Although cross-merchant product comparisonsAgent-mediated Integrative Negotiation for Retail Electronic Commerce Robert H. Guttman and Pattie convenience for consumers and yield more efficient markets, today's first-generation shopping agents

  17. Contractual Pricing Problems for Retail Distribution under Different Channel Structures 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Su

    2014-12-09

    a coordination contract. Also, a coordination contract is said to achieve the so-called channel coordination objective. In this context, we consider supplier-buyer (e.g., manufacturer-retailer) systems and take into account a recent trend shifting...

  18. CALiPER Exploratory Study Retail Replacement Lamps – 2011

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2012-04-02

    In 2010, CALiPER conducted a study on LED replacement lamps found in retail stores. The results were less than satisfactory, and many products were classified as being unlikely to meet consumer expectations. In November 2011, CALiPER purchased a new sample of products for a follow-up study, with the intent of characterizing the progress of this essential market segment.

  19. MFR PAPER 987 During 1968-1971, retail prices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MFR PAPER 987 During 1968-1971, retail prices of fish products rose faster than beef or poultry price.;. Here an economist discusses where the money goes. Price Spreads of Fish Products Among Producers and Distributors ERWIN S. PENN ABSTRACT The rapid increase off ish prices has recenfly caused

  20. Ownership unbundling in electricity distribution: empircal evidence from New Zealand

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nillesen, Paul; Pollitt, Michael G.

    that integrated energy companies should separate – at ownership level – their energy infrastructure (electricity and gas networks) from commercial activities (retail and generation/production of electricity and gas). We discuss this in more detail later... less than 9 GW with annual production of about 42 TWh. Hydro, gas, coal and geothermal generation accounted for 55 percent, 22 percent, 12 percent, and 8 percent of the total electricity generation, respectively. Other fuel types including oil, biogas...

  1. Liberalisation and Regulation in Electricity Systems: How can we get the balance right?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pollitt, Michael G.

    was for politicians to point out that most electricity and gas consumers could cut their energy bills by switching to a cheaper energy supplier. In the absence of retail competition the pressure for politicians’ intervention would be much stronger than this... part of the retail bill. In Ohio one incumbent company discourages switching by highlighting consumer’s right to choose not to release data to alternative energy suppliers (on privacy grounds). Australia and New Zealand have shown enthusiasm...

  2. Progress towards Managing Residential Electricity Demand: Impacts of Standards and Labeling for Refrigerators and Air Conditioners in India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McNeil, Michael A.

    2010-01-01

    in use patterns and electricity rates between commercial andRates Residential electricity rates are much lower thanin India. Residential electricity rates are subsidized to a

  3. Electric power monthly, February 1999 with data for November 1998

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1999-02-01

    The Electric Power Monthly presents monthly electricity statistics for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decision makers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. Statistics are provided for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity retail sales, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatt-hour of electricity sold.

  4. Tel: +44 (0) 1603 591574 Email: business@uea.ac.uk Web: www.uea.ac.uk/business Exploring issues of interest rate setting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Everest, Graham R

    banking markets and the pass- through of efficiency gains from mergers to retail interest rates. Solution within the UK economy and to assess the competitive nature of the UK retail financial services industry exploit consumers' behavioural biases, the issue of choice in saving markets, the geographical scope of UK

  5. Economic Assessment of Electric-Drive Vehicle Operation in California and the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lidicker, Jeffrey R.; Lipman, Timothy E.; Shaheen, Susan A.

    2010-01-01

    the context of current electricity rates in specific utilityspecific utility EV electricity rates, in combination withrelated to the latest electricity rates in California and

  6. Interactions between Electric-drive Vehicles and the Power Sector in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCarthy, Ryan; Yang, Christopher; Ogden, Joan M.

    2009-01-01

    highest marginal electricity emissions rates. This thresholdmode occurs when electricity emissions rates equal PHEVthe required electricity sector emissions rate to achieve a

  7. Coordination of Retail Demand Response with Midwest ISO Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bharvirkar, Ranjit

    2008-01-01

    The OMS coordinates electricity transmission and wholesalethe regional transmission grid and electricity markets. TheTransmission Organization Real Time Pricing Southern Electricity

  8. Electric power annual 1997. Volume 2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-10-01

    The Electric Power Annual 1997, Volume 2 contains annual summary statistics at national, regional, and state levels for the electric power industry, including information on both electric utilities and nonutility power producers. Included are data for electric utility retail sales of electricity, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold; financial statistics; environmental statistics; power transactions; and demand-side management. Also included are data for US nonutility power producers on installed capacity; gross generation; emissions; and supply and disposition of energy. The objective of the publication is to provide industry decisionmakers, government policymakers, analysts, and the general public with historical data that may be used in understanding US electricity markets. 15 figs., 62 tabs.

  9. POWER '99 Conference 1 Stochastic Models of Electricity Spot Price

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley. University of

    risks in wholesale and retail markets. · Asset valuation, project selection and financing. ­ Divestiture markets. POWER '99 Conference 4 Application (1): Derivative Pricing Examples: Call Option & Spark Spread electricity spot price spot price Power Marketer Transmission cost? COB: PCOB max( , )S K ST PV loss T COB

  10. Market Power and Efficiency in a Computational Electricity Market With Discriminatory Double-Auction Pricing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    to household, industry, or commercial users in a retail market. Short-run production efficiency in a wholesal1 Market Power and Efficiency in a Computational Electricity Market With Discriminatory Double electricity market operating in the short run under systematically varied concentration and capacity

  11. THE MARKETER AS A COMPETITION AGENT IN THE CHILEAN ELECTRIC MARKET

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Catholic University of Chile (Universidad Católica de Chile)

    Contracts. The marketer at distribution level (IEA, 2001; Littlechild, 2004) (also called Retail Marketer oTHE MARKETER AS A COMPETITION AGENT IN THE CHILEAN ELECTRIC MARKET Cristina Lemus, Hugh Rudnick, because the figure of the marketer in the electric sector in the world is relatively new and recent

  12. ZONAL PRICING AND DEMAND-SIDE BIDDING IN THE NORWEGIAN ELECTRICITY MARKET

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley. University of

    .3 Retail Markets 9 2.4 Generating Plants 10 2.5 Storage, Generation, Price and Trade Patterns 14 3. SupplyPWP-063 ZONAL PRICING AND DEMAND-SIDE BIDDING IN THE NORWEGIAN ELECTRICITY MARKET Tor Arnt Johnsen.ucei.berkeley.edu/ucei #12;ZONAL PRICING AND DEMAND-SIDE BIDDING IN THE NORWEGIAN ELECTRICITY MARKET Tor Arnt Johnsen, Shashi

  13. HE ELECTRIC POWER INDUSTRY in the United States is facing a disquieting shortage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , wholesale and retail electricity marketing, reactive power management, and other ancillary support systemsT HE ELECTRIC POWER INDUSTRY in the United States is facing a disquieting shortage of trained engineering personnel. For decades, things have gone downhill. The salaries paid to power engineers have been

  14. Response to Electricity Review Report Draft 18 February 2015 Larry Hughes, PhD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hughes, Larry

    to the retail market. One of the first outcomes of the public consultations was the Electricity Review Report and organizations have successfully pressured both the provincial government and Nova Scotia Power to address some thermal-coal based electricity supplier, Nova Scotia Power, although still heavily reliant on coal

  15. Sixth Northwest Conservation and Electric Power Plan Chapter 2: Key Assumptions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    's power plan to include a forecast of electricity demand for the next 20 years. Demand, to a large extent, is....................................................................................................................................... 16 Forecast of Retail Electricity Prices................................................................................................................... 17 SUMMARY OF KEY FINDINGS Pacific Northwest population and energy costs are expected to increase

  16. Considerations for centralized packaging of beef retail cuts / by Davey Brian Griffin 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Griffin, Davey Brian

    1981-01-01

    palatability attributes must be answered before the retail industry regards vacuum packaged retail cuts as a viable means of marketing fresh beef. The present study was conducted to compare physical and sensory characteristics of beef loin steaks packaged...CONSIDERATIONS FOR CENTRALIZED PACKAGING OF BEEF RETAIL CUTS A Thesis by DAVEY BRIAN GRIFFIN Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December...

  17. Using Electricity",,,"Electricity Consumption",,,"Electricity...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    A. Total Electricity Consumption and Expenditures for All Buildings, 2003" ,"All Buildings Using Electricity",,,"Electricity Consumption",,,"Electricity Expenditures" ,"Number of...

  18. Electricity",,,"Electricity Consumption",,,"Electricity Expenditures...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    C9. Total Electricity Consumption and Expenditures, 1999" ,"All Buildings Using Electricity",,,"Electricity Consumption",,,"Electricity Expenditures" ,"Number of Buildings...

  19. Electricity",,,"Electricity Consumption",,,"Electricity Expenditures...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    DIV. Total Electricity Consumption and Expenditures by Census Division, 1999" ,"All Buildings Using Electricity",,,"Electricity Consumption",,,"Electricity Expenditures" ,"Number...

  20. Supporting Solar Power in Renewables Portfolio Standards: Experience from the United States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiser, Ryan

    2010-01-01

    on solar energy deployment and retail electricity rates, (c)for solar energy projects in restructured electricitySolar Energy Technologies Program) and the Office of Electricity

  1. Edgeworth Price Cycles, Cost-based Pricing and Sticky Pricing in Retail Gasoline Markets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noel, Michael

    2004-01-01

    Robbery, An Analysis of the Gasoline Crisis”, Bloomington:Dynamic Pricing in Retail gasoline Markets”, RAND Journal ofR. Gilbert. “Do Gasoline Markets Respond Asymmetrically to

  2. Asymmetric Price Adjustment and Consumer Search: An Examination of the Retail Gasoline Market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lewis, Matt

    2004-01-01

    and R. Gilbert (1997) “Do Gasoline Prices Respond Asymmet-George. (2004) “Retail Gasoline Price Dynamics and LocalAsymmetries in Local Gasoline Markets” Energy Economics

  3. Building Out Alternative Fuel Retail Infrastructure: Government Fleet Spillovers in E85

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Corts, Kenneth S.

    2009-01-01

    Case: When and Why to Sell E85,” National Renewable EnergyRenewable Energy Laboratory of the DOE distributes a publication entitled “E85 Retail Business Case:

  4. Direct participation of electrical loads in the California independent system operator markets during the Summer of 2000

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marnay, Chris; Hamachi, Kristina S.; Khavkin, Mark; Siddiqui, Afzal S.

    2001-04-01

    California's restructured electricity markets opened on 1 April 1998. The former investor-owned utilities were functionally divided into generation, transmission, and distribution activities, all of their gas-fired generating capacity was divested, and the retail market was opened to competition. To ensure that small customers shared in the expected benefit of lower prices, the enabling legislation mandated a 10% rate cut for all customers, which was implemented in a simplistic way that fossilized 1996 tariff structures. Rising fuel and environmental compliance costs, together with a reduced ability to import electricity, numerous plant outages, and exercise of market power by generators drove up wholesale electricity prices steeply in 2000, while retail tariffs remained unchanged. One of the distribution/supply companies entered bankruptcy in April 2001, and another was insolvent. During this period, two sets of interruptible load programs were in place, longstanding ones organized as special tariffs by the distribution/supply companies and hastily established ones run directly by the California Independent System Operator (CAISO). The distribution/supply company programs were effective at reducing load during the summer of 2000, but because of the high frequency of outages required by a system on the brink of failure, customer response declined and many left the tariff. The CAISO programs failed to attract enough participation to make a significant difference to the California supply demand imbalance. The poor performance of direct load participation in California's markets reinforces the argument for accurate pricing of electricity as a stimulus to energy efficiency investment and as a constraint on market volatility.

  5. PowerChoice Residential Customer Response to TOU Rates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peters, Jane S.

    2010-01-01

    1983. Time-of-Day Electricity Rates for the United States.to Voluntary Time-of-Use Electricity Rates. ” Resource andCompared to your old electricity rate, would you say that

  6. Application of direct-fitting, mass-integral, and multi-rate methods to analysis of flowing fluid electric conductivity logs from Horonobe, Japan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doughty, C.; Tsang, C.-F.; Hatanaka, K.; Yabuuchi, S.; Kurikami, H.

    2008-01-01

    of direct-fitting, mass-integral, and multi-rate methods todirect- fitting, mass-integral, and the multi-rate methodthe so-called mass-integral or M(t) method) provides an

  7. The Shifting Landscape of Ratepayer-Funded Energy Efficiency in the U.S.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barbose, Galen L

    2011-01-01

    The electricity retail sales and retail price projections inprojections were calculated by multiplying projected retail electricity priceselectricity sales. Retail sales and retail price projections

  8. Dr. StrangeBox or : how I learned to stop worrying and love urban big box retail

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Press, Jared Harding

    2013-01-01

    Over the past decade, Big Box retailers have been trying to tap into urban markets after years of explicitly avoiding them in favor of suburban environments. In the past few years, retailers have begun experimenting with ...

  9. Vertical Relationships and Competition in Retail Gasoline Markets: An Empirical Evidence from Contract Changes in Southern California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hastings, Justine

    2000-01-01

    Margaret E. “Vancouver's Gasoline-Price Wars: An EmpiricalEvidence from Retail Gasoline Markets” Journal of Law,The Case of Retail Gasoline Markets” Journal of Law and

  10. Does mix matter? : comparing the performance of mixed-use and single-use retail clusters during an economic downturn

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, Caroline (Caroline Todd)

    2011-01-01

    Retail development in suburban locations has long been dominated by retail "strips" along major roadways and large, enclosed shopping malls. More compact, planned alternatives to sprawl development have been gaining in ...

  11. Fact #659: January 24, 2011 Fuel Economy Ratings for Vehicles...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    9: January 24, 2011 Fuel Economy Ratings for Vehicles Operating on Electricity Fact 659: January 24, 2011 Fuel Economy Ratings for Vehicles Operating on Electricity The...

  12. Geographic scope, scale, and local social structure: Survival of chain and independent retailers in California, 1990-2004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacGregor, Nydia Marie

    2011-01-01

    by   the   Industrial   Revolution   and   the  to   the   industrial   revolution,   the   retailing  wrought   by  the  Industrial  Revolution  in  the  United  

  13. Integrated Retail and Wholesale (IRW) Power System Operations with Smart-Grid Functionality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    Integrated Retail and Wholesale (IRW) Power System Operations with Smart-Grid Functionality Leigh-NE, MISO, XM, RTE, MEC IRW Project: Integrated Retail/Wholesale Power System Operation with Smart-Grid Functionality 3 #12;4 Meaning of "Smart Grid Functionality"? For our project purposes: Smart-grid functionality

  14. Integrated Retail and Wholesale Power System Operation with Smart-Grid Functionality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    1 Integrated Retail and Wholesale Power System Operation with Smart-Grid Functionality Dionysios of retail and wholesale power markets operating over transmission and distribution networks with smart-grid with "smart-grid functionality." By smart-grid functionality we mean service-oriented grid enhancements

  15. A conceptual framework to understand retailers' logistics1 and transport organization illustrated for groceries' goods2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    A conceptual framework to understand retailers' logistics1 and transport organization ­ illustrated38 * Corresponding author9 10 11 1 IFSTTAR,12 Production Systems, logistics, Transport Organisation as retailers, through in-house or51 outsourced logistics deliveries to points of sale, have a high share

  16. NIST Handbook 112 (2015) EPO No. 22 Retail Motor-Fuel Dispensers Blended Products

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2015-01-01

    NIST Handbook 112 (2015) EPO No. 22 ­ Retail Motor-Fuel Dispensers ­ Blended Products RMFD - Blenders (Rev 09/14) DRAFT Page 1 of 12 2015 NIST EPO No. 22 Examination Procedure Outline for Retail Motor-Fuel, and consoles. For non-blending single, dual, and multi-product dispensers, see EPO No. 21. Nonretroactive

  17. A Continuous-Review Inventory Model with Disruptions at Both Supplier and Retailer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Snyder, Larry

    A Continuous-Review Inventory Model with Disruptions at Both Supplier and Retailer Lian Qi disruptions both internally and externally (from its supplier). We formulate the expected inventory cost the retailer to the supplier. Computational experiments provide additional insight into the problem

  18. A Model of Vertical Restriction and Equilibrium in Retailing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bittlingmayer, George

    1983-10-01

    , Loschian competition implies relatively s teep demand curves , because each retailer imagines himself to be operat ing in an exclusive market area with no competit ion at the borders . In contras t , Hotelling-Smithies competi t ion implies flatter... te to all who maintained that p r i c e " (Haney 1913, p . 159). While it might be argued that the manufac turer , who had a very large market share at this t ime, was the ca t ' s -paw for a wholesalers ' cartel, another sensible explana­ tion...

  19. A Look at Retail and Service Buildings - Index Page

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet)Decade Year-0ProvedDecade Year-0Cubic MonthlyTechnicalRetail and Services Home: A

  20. Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. (Maryland) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View NewGuam: Energyarea, CaliforniaHess Retail Natural Gas and

  1. Hess Retail Natural Gas and Elec. Acctg. (Pennsylvania) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View NewGuam: Energyarea, CaliforniaHess Retail Natural Gas

  2. An Agent-Based Test Bed for the Integrated Study of Retail and Wholesale Power System Operations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tesfatsion, Leigh

    study of retail and wholesale power markets operating over transmission and distribution networks ABM test-bed experiments. 2. PROJECT DESCRIPTION Retail and wholesale power market operationsAn Agent-Based Test Bed for the Integrated Study of Retail and Wholesale Power System Operations D

  3. Optimal Power Flow Formulation in Market of Retail Wheeling Taiyou Yong, Student Member, IEEE Robert Lasseter, Fellow, IEEE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Optimal Power Flow Formulation in Market of Retail Wheeling Taiyou Yong, Student Member, IEEE distribution in the new retail wheeling market. Formation of optimal power flow (OPF) problem, in which concerns on optimal power flow arise in the retail wheeling market. In the deregulated power system

  4. Electric power monthly, February 1998 with data for November 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1998-02-01

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and US levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity retail sales, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. In addition, data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. The EIA publishes statistics in the EPM on net generation by energy source; consumption, stocks, quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels; and capability of new generating units by company and plant. 63 tabs.

  5. Residential implementation of critical-peak pricing of electricity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Herter, Karen

    2006-01-01

    to time-of-day electricity pricing: first empirical results.S. The trouble with electricity markets: understandingresidential peak-load electricity rate structures. Journal

  6. Commercial and Industrial Conservation and Load Management Programs at New England Electric 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gibson, P. H.

    1987-01-01

    yearly energy consumption by approximately 335,000 megawatthours. In 1986, peak system demand was 3,657 megawatts and annual sales were 18 billion kilowatthours. New England Electric System (NEES) is a public'utility holding company headquartered... in Westborough, Massachusetts. Subsidiaries include three retail operating companies -- Massachusetts Electric Company, which serves 850,000 customers in 146 communities; The Narragansett Electric Company, which serves 294,000 customers in 27 Rhode Island...

  7. Outdoor Air, Heat Wheels and JCPenney: A New Approach to Retail Ventilation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, C. S.; Bartlett, T. A.

    1998-01-01

    grains/lbat) Winter 70°F Dry Bulb Ventilation Rates 0.3 cWSF for the 1" Floor 0.2 cWSF for the 2"* Floor Design Electrical Loading 2.3 W/SF average over the sales area - Ambient Design Conditions Summer 95°F Design Dry Bulb 77°F Mean... with the heat wheel were significant at approximately $1 1,000, they were limited by the low utility rate of hs location. Neither the energy charge nor the electrical demand charge were significantly high. This lower utility rate lengthened the simple...

  8. Estimating electricity storage power rating and discharge duration for utility transmission and distribution deferral :a study for the DOE energy storage program.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eyer, James M. (Distributed Utility Associates, Livermore, CA); Butler, Paul Charles; Iannucci, Joseph J., Jr.

    2005-11-01

    This report describes a methodology for estimating the power and energy capacities for electricity energy storage systems that can be used to defer costly upgrades to fully overloaded, or nearly overloaded, transmission and distribution (T&D) nodes. This ''sizing'' methodology may be used to estimate the amount of storage needed so that T&D upgrades may be deferred for one year. The same methodology can also be used to estimate the characteristics of storage needed for subsequent years of deferral.

  9. Chiller Start/Stop Optimization for a Campus-wide Chilled Water System with a Thermal Storage Tank Under a Four-Period Electricity Rate Schedule 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, J.; Wei, G.; Turner, W. D.; Deng, S.; Claridge, D.; Contreras, O.

    2002-01-01

    be expected, the complication in the rate structure also requires more involved control over the tank charging and discharging processes. A chiller start-stop optimization program has been developed and implemented into the Energy Management and Control System...

  10. Electricity Merger Policy in the Shadow of Regulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbert, Richard J; Newberry, David M

    2006-01-01

    power, and instead has concentrated on introducing wholesale and often retail marketsin the retail market. When global power generation orders

  11. Electric sales and revenue 1992, April 1994

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-04-20

    The Electric Sales and Revenue is prepared by the Survey Management Division, Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels; Energy Information Administration (EIA); US Department of Energy. This publication provides information about sales of electricity, its associated revenue, and the average revenue per kilowatthour sold to residential, commercial, industrial, and other consumers throughout the United States. The sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour provided in the Electric Sales and Revenue are based on annual data reported by electric utilities for the calendar year ending December 31, 1992. The electric revenue reported by each electric utility includes the applicable revenue from kilowatthours sold; revenue from income; unemployment and other State and local taxes; energy, demand, and consumer service charges; environmental surcharges; franchise fees; fuel adjustments; and other miscellaneous charges. The revenue does not include taxes, such as sales and excise taxes, that are assessed on the consumer and collected through the utility. Average revenue per kilowatthour is defined as the cost per unit of electricity sold and is calculated by dividing retail sales into the associated electric revenue. The sales of electricity, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour provided in this report are presented at the national, Census division, State, and electric utility levels.

  12. Electric power annual 1996. Volume 1

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-08-01

    The Electric Power Annual presents a summary of electric power industry statistics at national, regional, and State levels. The objective of the publication is to provide industry decisionmakers, government policy-makers, analysts, and the general public with data that may be used in understanding US electricity markets. The Electric Power Annual is prepared by the Coal and Electric Data and Renewables Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels; Energy Information Administration (EIA); US Department of Energy. Volume 1--with a focus on US electric utilities--contains final 1996 data on net generation and fossil fuel consumption, stocks, receipts, and cost; preliminary 1996 data on generating unit capability, and retail sales of electricity, associated revenue, and the average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Additionally, information on net generation from renewable energy sources and on the associated generating capability is included in Volume 1 of the EPA. Data published in the Electric Power Annual Volume 1 are compiled from three statistical forms filed monthly and two forms filed annually by electric utilities. These forms are described in detail in the Technical Notes. 5 figs., 30 tabs.

  13. Statistical recoupling: A new way to break the link between electric-utility sales and revenues

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hirst, E.

    1993-09-01

    In 1991, US electric utilities spent almost $1.8 billion on demand-side management (DSM) programs. These programs cut peak demands 5% and reduced electricity sales 1% that year. Utility projections suggest that these reductions will increase to 9% and 3%, respectively, by the year 2001. However, utility DSM efforts vary enormously across the country, concentrated in a few states along the east and west coasts and the upper midwest. To some extent, this concentration is a function of regulatory reforms that remove disincentives to utility shareholders for investments in DSM programs. A key component of these reforms is recovery of the net lost revenues caused by utility DSM programs. These lost revenues occur between rate cases when a utility encourages its customers to improve energy efficiency and cut demand. The reduction in sales means that the utility has less revenue to cover its fixed costs. This report describes a new method, statistical recoupling (SR), that addresses this net-lost-revenue problem. Like other decoupling approaches, SR breaks the link between electric-utility revenues and sales. Unlike other approaches, SR minimizes changes from traditional regulation. In particular, the risks of revenue swings associated with year-to-year changes in weather and the economy remain with the utility under SR. Statistical recoupling uses statistical models, based on historical data, that explain retail electricity sales as functions of the number of utility customers, winter and summer weather, the condition of the local economy, electricity price, and perhaps a few other key variables. These models, along with the actual values of the explanatory variables, are then used to estimate ``allowed`` electricity sales and revenues in future years.

  14. The Impact of Retail Rate Structures on the Economics of Commercial Photovoltaic Systems in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Andrew

    2009-01-01

    of Solar: Prices and Output from Distributed PhotovoltaicPhotovoltaic Energy Availability During Periods of Peak Power Prices. ”

  15. The Impact of Retail Rate Structures on the Economics of Commercial Photovoltaic Systems in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiser, Ryan; Mills, Andrew; Barbose, Galen; Golove, William

    2007-01-01

    of Solar: Prices and Ouput from Distributed PhotovoltaicPhotovoltaic Energy Availability During Periods of Peak Power Prices. ”

  16. The impact of retail rate structures on the economics of commercial photovoltaic systems in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Andrew D.

    2009-01-01

    of Solar: Prices and Output from Distributed PhotovoltaicPhotovoltaic Energy Availability During Periods of Peak Power Prices. ”

  17. The Impact of Retail Rate Structures on the Economics of Commercial Photovoltaic Systems in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Andrew

    2009-01-01

    the financial costs and benefits of PV from the customer’sbenefits of PV in offsetting the fixed costs of transmissionregardless of PV penetration level, is the median cost of

  18. The impact of retail rate structures on the economics of commercial photovoltaic systems in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Andrew D.

    2009-01-01

    the financial costs and benefits of PV from the customer’sbenefits of PV in offsetting the fixed costs of transmissionregardless of PV penetration level, is the median cost of

  19. The Impact of Retail Rate Structures on the Economics of Commercial Photovoltaic Systems in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiser, Ryan; Mills, Andrew; Barbose, Galen; Golove, William

    2007-01-01

    future viability of solar markets. Though regulators mustFirst, California’s solar market is the largest in thecontinue to be a sizable solar market for years to come.

  20. The Impact of Retail Rate Structures on the Economics of Commercial Photovoltaic Systems in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Andrew

    2009-01-01

    R. Margolis. 2004. “Are Photovoltaic Systems Worth More to1993. “Distributed photovoltaic system evaluation by Arizonaof Commercial Photovoltaic Systems in California. ” LBNL-

  1. The Impact of Retail Rate Structures on the Economics of Commercial Photovoltaic Systems in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiser, Ryan; Mills, Andrew; Barbose, Galen; Golove, William

    2007-01-01

    R. Margolis. 2004. “Are Photovoltaic Systems Worth More to1993. “Distributed photovoltaic system evaluation by Arizonaof Commercial Photovoltaic Systems in California Ryan Wiser,

  2. The impact of retail rate structures on the economics of commercial photovoltaic systems in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Andrew D.

    2009-01-01

    R. Margolis. 2004. “Are Photovoltaic Systems Worth More to1993. “Distributed photovoltaic system evaluation by Arizonaof Commercial Photovoltaic Systems in California. ” ”LBNL-

  3. The impact of retail rate structures on the economics of commercial photovoltaic systems in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Andrew D.

    2009-01-01

    2006. “Clean and Diversified Energy Initiative: Solar Tasks Clean and Diversified Energy Initiative. Wiser, R. ,

  4. The Impact of Retail Rate Structures on the Economics of Commercial Photovoltaic Systems in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mills, Andrew

    2009-01-01

    2006. “Clean and Diversified Energy Initiative: Solar Tasks Clean and Diversified Energy Initiative. Wiser, R. ,

  5. The Impact of Retail Rate Structures on the Economics of Commercial Photovoltaic Systems in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wiser, Ryan; Mills, Andrew; Barbose, Galen; Golove, William

    2007-01-01

    2006. “Clean and Diversified Energy Initiative: Solar Tasks Clean and Diversified Energy Initiative. Weston, F. ,

  6. Comparative Analysis of Three Proposed Federal Renewable Electricity Standards

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sullivan, P.; Logan, J.; Bird, L.; Short, W.

    2009-05-01

    This paper analyzes potential impacts of proposed national renewable electricity standard (RES) legislation. An RES is a mandate requiring certain electricity retailers to provide a minimum share of their electricity sales from qualifying renewable power generation. The analysis focuses on draft bills introduced individually by Senator Jeff Bingaman and Representative Edward Markey, and jointly by Representative Henry Waxman and Markey. The analysis uses NREL's Regional Energy Deployment System (ReEDS) model to evaluate the impacts of the proposed RES requirements on the U.S. energy sector in four scenarios.

  7. A Comparative Analysis of Three Proposed Federal Renewable Electricity Standards

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sullivan, Patrick; Logan, Jeffrey; Bird, Lori; Short, Walter

    2009-05-01

    This paper analyzes potential impacts of proposed national renewable electricity standard (RES) legislation. An RES is a mandate requiring certain electricity retailers to provide a minimum share of their electricity sales from qualifying renewable power generation. The analysis focuses on draft bills introduced individually by Senator Jeff Bingaman and Representative Edward Markey, and jointly by Representative Henry Waxman and Markey. The analysis uses NREL's Regional Energy Deployment System (ReEDS) model to evaluate the impacts of the proposed RES requirements on the U.S. energy sector in four scenarios.

  8. Electric power monthly with data for June 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-09-01

    This publication provides monthly statistics at the state, census division, and U.S. levels for net generation; fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity, and quality of fossil fuels; cost of fossil fuels; electricity retail sales; associated revenue; and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity, and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council regions. Statistics on net generation by energy source and capability of new generating units by company and plant are also included. A section is included in the report which summarizes major industry developments. 1 fig., 64 tabs.

  9. Electric Power Monthly with data for July 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-10-01

    This publication provides monthly statistics at the state, census division, and U.S. levels for net generation; fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity, and quality of fossil fuels; cost of fossil fuels; electricity retail sales; associated revenue; and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. Data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council regions. Statistics on net generation are published by energy source; consumption, stocks, quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels; and capability of new generating units by company and plant. The monthly update is summarized, and industry developments are briefly described. 57 tabs.

  10. Electric power annual 1994. Volume 2, Operational and financial data

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-11-28

    This year, the annual is published in two volumes. Volume I focused on US electric utilities and contained final 1994 data on net generation, fossil fuel consumption, stocks, receipts, and cost. This Volume II presents annual 1994 summary statistics for the electric power industry, including information on both electric utilities and nonutility power producers. Included are preliminary data for electric utility retail sales of electricity, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold (based on form EIA-861) and for electric utility financial statistics, environmental statistics, power transactions, and demand- side management. Final 1994 data for US nonutility power producers on installed capacity and gross generation, as well as supply and disposition information, are also provided in Volume II. Technical notes and a glossary are included.

  11. Electric power monthly, August 1998, with data for May 1998

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1998-08-01

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics for a wide audience including congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. This publication provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and US levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity retail sales, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. In addition, data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. 9 refs., 57 tabs.

  12. Electric power monthly, December 1997 with data for September 1997

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-12-01

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics for a wide audience including congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. This publication provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and US levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity retail sales, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. In addition, data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. The EIA publishes statistics in the EPM on net generation by energy source; consumption, stocks, quantity, quality, and cost of fossil fuels; and capability of new generating units by company and plant. 63 tabs.

  13. Electric power monthly, May 1998, with data for February 1998

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1998-05-01

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be used in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. The EIA collected the information in this report to fulfill its data collection and dissemination responsibilities as specified in the Federal Energy Administration Act of 1974. The EPM provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and US levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity retail sales, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. In addition, data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. 30 refs., 58 tabs.

  14. Electric power monthly, March 1999 with data for December 1998

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1999-03-01

    The Electric Power Monthly (EPM) presents monthly electricity statistics for a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the electric utility industry, and the general public. The purpose of this publication is to provide energy decisionmakers with accurate and timely information that may be sued in forming various perspectives on electric issues that lie ahead. This publication provides monthly statistics at the State, Census division, and US levels for net generation, fossil fuel consumption and stocks, quantity and quality of fossil fuels, cost of fossil fuels, electricity retail sales, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour of electricity sold. In addition, data on net generation, fuel consumption, fuel stocks, quantity and cost of fossil fuels are also displayed for the North American Electric Reliability Council (NERC) regions. 63 tabs.

  15. Assessment of reforms in the electricity supply industry: A review of some recent empirical studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Peerbocus, Nash

    2007-03-15

    An empirical review suggests that progress has been made in bringing competition into the inherently complex and challenging electricity market, generating substantial efficiency gains. But the large disconnect between the wholesale and retail markets indicates that much effort is needed to allow consumers to optimally reap those gains. (author)

  16. Greed and Good Intentions: What Really Happened in California's Electricity Markets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Warwick, William M.; Grover, Stephen

    2002-03-01

    This article gives a detailed account of the 2000-2001 energy crisis in California. Deregulation of California's electric power industry is described and factors leading up to the failure of retail power markets are explained. The current state of the power market in California is also reported.

  17. Path and place : a study of urban geometry and retail activity in Cambridge and Somerville, MA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sevtsuk, Andres

    2010-01-01

    This dissertation investigates retail location patterns in urban settings -- a domain that has received relatively little attention in recent decades. We analyze which land use, urban form, and agglomeration factors explain ...

  18. Market research of commercial recommendation engines for online and offline retail

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duan, Yaoyao Clare

    2014-01-01

    In the era of big data and predictive analytics, recommendation systems or recommendation engines that recommend merchandise or service offerings based on individual preferences have had a revolutionary impact on retail ...

  19. Big box, no more quick fixes : a historical account of consumption, retail and discount shopping typologies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scanlon, Erik R

    2011-01-01

    As of 2011, the fastest growing sectors of the American economy are related to, or directly involved in the retail business. The conditions which led to this phenomenon are rooted in the fundamental precepts of capitalism, ...

  20. DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF A HIGHLY MODIFIABLE RETAIL E-COMMERCE WEBSITE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soenen, Mark

    2008-07-22

    The availability, modifiability, and performance of retail e-commerce websites(RECWEB) is greatly impacted by seasonal constraints. For many RECWEB, half of the calendar year is comprised of holidays and seasons. Spikes in website traffic...

  1. Assessing the viability of lifestyle retail development as a traditional town center

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torino, Roger

    2005-01-01

    The lifestyle center, a recently emerged real estate retail product, is the culmination of shifts in cultural attitudes, real estate economic trends, and changes in the role of local government on the development of built ...

  2. Dynamic retail assortment models with demand learning for seasonal consumer goods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caro, Felipe

    2005-01-01

    The main research question we explore in this dissertation is: How should a retailer modify its product assortment over time in order to maximize overall profits for a given selling season? Historically, long development, ...

  3. Asymmetric Price Adjustment and Consumer Search: An Examination of the Retail Gasoline Market

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lewis, Matt

    2003-01-01

    Adjustment of U.K. Retail Gasoline Prices to Cost Changes. ”C. and R. Gilbert (1997) “Do Gasoline Prices Respond Asym-Asymmetries in Local Gasoline Markets” Energy Economics

  4. Asymmetric Price Adjustment and Consumer Search: An Examination of the Retail Gasoline Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lewis, Matt

    2003-01-01

    Adjustment of U.K. Retail Gasoline Prices to Cost Changes. ”C. and R. Gilbert (1997) “Do Gasoline Prices Respond Asym-Asymmetries in Local Gasoline Markets” Energy Economics

  5. The Beef Nutrient Database Improvement Project: Retail Cuts From the Rib and Plate 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    May, Laura

    2011-02-22

    The purpose of this study was to collect and analyze retail cuts from the beef rib and plate that had been identified as needing nutrient composition updates in the United States Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) National ...

  6. Inductive Causation on Strategic Behavior: The Case of Retailer and Manufacturer Pricing 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fraire Dominguez, Francisco

    2011-02-22

    of our sample. Of these price leaderships, 70 percent elicit Manufacturer Stackelberg relationships which tend to be associated with manufacturers that hold big market shares, 25 percent elicit Retailer Stackelbergs which seem to be associated...

  7. Woodward Avenue, Detroit : a pedestrian zone for a changing downtown retail street

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lewis, Philip Strickland

    1981-01-01

    The thesis studies the changing direction of Detroit's central downtown shopping street, Woodward Avenue. During the last two decades, Woodward Avenue has lost most of its retail market to suburban shopping centers. The ...

  8. Foreign Direct Investment in Food Retailing: The Case of the People’s Republic of China 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Au-Yeung, Amelia Y.S.

    Foreign direct investment (FDI) in food retailing has generated a considerable amount of attention in both the media and the business world throughout the 199Os, with a strong focus on Asian and Central and Eastern ...

  9. Packaging and fabrication systems for extending storage life and subsequent retail caselife of pork 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rape, Steven Wayne

    1973-01-01

    PACKAGING AND FABRICATION SYSTEMS FOR EXTENDING STORAGE LIFE AND SUBSEQUENT RETAIL CASELIPE OF PORK A Thesis STEVEN WAYNE RAPE Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment to the requirements for the degree... of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1973 Major Subject: Animal Science (Meat Science) PACKAGING AND FABRICATION SYSTEMS FOR EXTENDING STORAGE LIFE AND SUBSEQUENT RETAIL CASELIFE OF PORK A Thesis by STEVEN WAYNE RAPE Approved as to style and content by...

  10. Retail market test: An in-depth evaluation of a new product concept for lamb. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Naylor, Robert Kenneth

    1967-01-01

    19 Objectives and Related Hypotheses 21 IV LITEPATSLRE REVIEW 24 Retail Market Tests 25 Matched-lot controlled experiments 25 Test store versus control store experiments. . 27 Latin-square experiments . . . , . ~ . , 28 Factorial experiments 28... Multiple covariance analysis Field Organization for the Market Test 50 50 VI THE RETAIL STORE TEST 52 General Consumer Awareness 52 General Sales Analysis Lamb sales analysis Summary Pork sales analysis Beef sales analysis 53 53 57 58 59...

  11. Elasticity estimates for individual retail beef cuts using electronic scanner data 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jourdan, Donna Kathryn

    1981-01-01

    'elationship between consumer prices and the quanti- ties of retail food products they purchase has caused the evolution of continuing consumer panels and consumer surveys. Both of these methods provide data that are reflective of current market condi- tions... according to the 1980 Survey of Buying power (Sales & Market- ing Management, 1980). These households had 14. 5 billion dollars in total retail sales; 20 percent of this figure was spent for at home consumption of food, These facts combined...

  12. Activity: Conserving Electric Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Students participate in two experiments in which they (1) gain an appreciation for their dependency on electricity and (2) learn how regulating the rate of energy consumption makes the energy...

  13. Electricity Real Options Valuation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Broszkiewicz-Suwaj, E

    2006-01-01

    In this paper a real option approach for the valuation of real assets is presented. Two continuous time models used for valuation are described: geometric Brownian motion model and interest rate model. The valuation for electricity spread option under Vasicek interest model is placed and the formulas for parameter estimators are calculated. The theoretical part is confronted with real data from electricity market.

  14. Electricity Real Options Valuation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ewa Broszkiewicz-Suwaj

    2006-08-16

    In this paper a real option approach for the valuation of real assets is presented. Two continuous time models used for valuation are described: geometric Brownian motion model and interest rate model. The valuation for electricity spread option under Vasicek interest model is placed and the formulas for parameter estimators are calculated. The theoretical part is confronted with real data from electricity market.

  15. Evaluating Government's Policies on Promoting Smart Metering in Retail Electricity Markets via Agent Based Simulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Tao; Nuttall, William J.

    these policies are in terms of fostering smart metering and what other supplementary optimum strategies can be used to strengthen the effectiveness of these policies in the UK energy market still remain questionable. This paper is motivated by a desire... is the adoption of smart metering technology, which, in addition to offering a broad range of benefits to energy consumers, can substantially cut CO2 emissions. As a novel technology, in the UK energy market smart metering is still in its infancy and its...

  16. Table 3. Top five retailers of electricity, with end use sectors...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    5,"City of Logan - (UT)","Public",418413,97993,201096,119324,0 " ","Total Sales, Top Five Providers",,26851974,7744712,9547010,9506141,54111 " ","Percent of Total State...

  17. Table 3. Top five retailers of electricity, with end use sectors...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Ohio" "megawatthours" ,"Entity","Type of provider","All sectors","Residential","Commercial","Industrial","Transportation" 1,"First Energy Solutions Corp.","Investor-owned",49437270...

  18. Table 3. Top five retailers of electricity, with end use sectors...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    4,"CECG Maine, LLC","Investor-owned",1045091,749511,65171,230409,0 5,"Total sales, top five providers","Investor-owned",1034503,947193,83890,3420,0 " ","Percent of total...

  19. Table 3. Top five retailers of electricity, with end use sectors...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Colorado Elec.Util","Investor-owned",1809501,618779,820179,370543,0 5,"Total sales, top five providers","Public",1469415,508991,502794,457630,0 " ","Percent of total state...

  20. Table 3. Top five retailers of electricity, with end use sectors...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Membership Corporation","Cooperative",3086121,2015890,810994,259237,0 5,"Total sales, top five providers","Cooperative",2639717,1569336,609511,460870,0 " ","Percent of total...

  1. Table 3. Top five retailers of electricity, with end use sectors...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Carolina" "megawatthours" ,"Entity","Type of provider","All sectors","Residential","Commercial","Industrial","Transportation" 1,"Duke Energy Carolinas, LLC","Investor-owned",553018...

  2. Table 3. Top five retailers of electricity, with end use sectors...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Pine Elec Power Assn","Cooperative",2076084,879654,330078,866352,0 5,"Total sales, top five providers","Cooperative",1652489,1061970,374841,215678,0 " ","Percent of total...

  3. Table 3. Top five retailers of electricity, with end use sectors...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    4,"City of Idaho Falls - (ID)","Public",694170,288450,316042,89678,0 5,"Total sales, top five providers","Cooperative",423269,289764,103709,29796,0 " ","Percent of total state...

  4. Table 3. Top five retailers of electricity, with end use sectors...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Municipal Util Dist","Public",10446627,4655065,643332,5119004,29226 " ","Total sales, top five providers",,200125554,79975199,93237912,26587313,325130 " ","Percent of total...

  5. Table 3. Top five retailers of electricity, with end use sectors...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Utilities Board","Public",5425216,2413813,2353364,658039,0 " ","Total Sales, Top Five Providers",,42396023,14389803,15369165,12635273,1782 " ","Percent of Total State...

  6. Table 3. Top five retailers of electricity, with end use sectors...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    5,"Black Diamond Power Co","Investor-owned",57388,40388,17000,0,0 " ","Total Sales, Top Five Providers",,31238820,11494224,7736888,12003726,3982 " ","Percent of Total State...

  7. Table 3. Top five retailers of electricity, with end use sectors...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Total sales, top five providers" "Nevada" "megawatthours" ,"Entity","Type of provider","All sectors","Residential","Commercial","Industrial","Transportation" 1,"Nevada Power...

  8. Table 3. Top five retailers of electricity, with end use sectors...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    4,"JEA","Public",11555805,4852228,3899181,2801011,3385 5,"Total sales, top five providers","Investor-owned",10619889,5088829,3830886,1700174,0 " ","Percent of...

  9. Table 3. Top five retailers of electricity, with end use sectors...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Kentucky" "megawatthours" ,"Entity","Type of provider","All sectors","Residential","Commercial","Industrial","Transportation" 1,"Kentucky Utilities Co","Investor-owned",18527337,61...

  10. Table 3. Top five retailers of electricity, with end use sectors...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Lincoln People's Ut Dt","Public",1314513,428504,184101,701908,0 " ","Total sales, top five providers",,36402314,14645762,14332123,7401956,22473 " ","Percent of total state...

  11. Table 3. Top five retailers of electricity, with end use sectors...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Dakota" "megawatthours" ,"Entity","Type of provider","All sectors","Residential","Commercial","Industrial","Transportation" 1,"Northern States Power Co - Minnesota","Investor-owned...

  12. Table 3. Top five retailers of electricity, with end use sectors...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Power Marketing, Ltd.","Investor-owned",2477991,0,0,2477991,0 " ","Total Sales, Top Five Providers",,29807991,12924437,11690927,5187747,4880 " ","Percent of Total State...

  13. Table 3. Top five retailers of electricity, with end use sectors...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    NewEnergy, Inc","Investor-owned",4346122,183554,3460337,680584,21647 " ","Total sales, top five providers",,42520476,22426188,15836198,4089313,168777 " ","Percent of total state...

  14. Table 3. Top five retailers of electricity, with end use sectors...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Illuminating Co","Investor-owned",1489615,1046289,410769,32557,0 5,"Total sales, top five providers","Investor-owned",1346191,0,1346191,0,0 " ","Percent of total state...

  15. Table 3. Top five retailers of electricity, with end use sectors...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Utility Cooperative","Cooperative",431478,157867,113233,160378,0 " ","Total sales, top five providers",,9500991,2608786,3269094,3623111,0 " ","Percent of total state...

  16. Table 3. Top five retailers of electricity, with end use sectors...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Valley Elec Coop","Cooperative",2339530,1109758,636153,593619,0 " ","Total sales, top five providers",,100695208,40498252,44944817,15057535,194604 " ","Percent of total...

  17. Table 3. Top five retailers of electricity, with end use sectors...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    5,"Midwest Energy Inc","Cooperative",1465542,320197,365898,779447,0 " ","Total sales, top five providers",,29387627,10230485,12148409,7008733,0 " ","Percent of total state...

  18. Table 3. Top five retailers of electricity, with end use sectors...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    & Power Co","Investor-owned",74469354,28802062,39078780,6393908,194604 " ","Total Sales, Top Five Providers",,409576688,168650001,190375046,50052217,499424 " ","Percent of Total...

  19. Table 3. Top five retailers of electricity, with end use sectors...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    4,"Connexus Energy","Cooperative",2001218,1181107,682415,137696,0 5,"Total sales, top five providers","Cooperative",1859499,931254,50650,877595,0 " ","Percent of total state...

  20. Table 3. Top five retailers of electricity, with end use sectors...

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Business Marketing, LLC","Investor-owned",9815861,0,4790140,5025721,0 " ","Total sales, top five providers",,80143496,28818662,34120087,14101388,3103359 " ","Percent of total...