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1

Cascade or domino effects in flood impact analysis in GIS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Floods are common natural occurring disaster in most parts of the world. It results into damage of human life and environment but not seldom are the side effects of flooding causing more damages than the flood itself. To investigate such Cascade or Domino ... Keywords: GIS, cascade and domino effects, flood, risk

Åke Sivertun; Vimalkumar Vaghani

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

2

Length-scale Effects in Cascade Damage Production in Iron  

SciTech Connect

Molecular dynamics simulations provide an atomistic description of the processes that control primary radiation damage formation in atomic displacement cascades. An extensive database of simulations describing cascade damage production in single crystal iron has been compiled using a modified version of the interatomic potential developed by Finnis and Sinclair. This same potential has been used to investigate primary damage formation in nanocrystalline iron in order to have a direct comparison with the single crystal results. A statistically significant number of simulations were carried out at cascade energies of 10 keV and 20 keV and temperatures of 100 and 600K to make this comparison. The results demonstrate a significant influence of nearby grain boundaries as a sink for mobile defects during the cascade cooling phase. This alters the residual primary damage that survives the cascade event. Compared to single crystal, substantially fewer interstitials survive in the nanograined iron, while the number of surviving vacancies is similar or slightly greater than the single crystal result. The fraction of the surviving interstitials contained in clusters is also reduced. The asymmetry in the survival of the two types of point defects is likely to alter damage accumulation at longer times.

Stoller, Roger E [ORNL; Osetskiy, Yury N [ORNL; Kamenski, Paul J [ORNL

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Early warning system for cascading effect control in energy control systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A way of controlling a cascading effect caused by a failure or a threat in a critical system is using intelligent mechanisms capable of predicting anomalous behaviours and also capable of reacting against them in advance. These mechanisms are known as ... Keywords: SCADA systems, cascading effect, early warning system, energy control systems, forensic techniques, wireless sensor network

Cristina Alcaraz; Angel Balastegui; Javier Lopez

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Including the Effects of Electronic Excitations and Electron-Phonon Coupling in Cascade Simulations  

SciTech Connect

Radiation damage has traditionally been modeled using cascade simulations however such simulations generally neglect the effects of electron-ion interactions, which may be significant in high energy cascades. A model has been developed which includes the effects of electronic stopping and electron-phonon coupling in Molecular Dynamics simulations by means of an inhomogeneous Langevin thermostat. The energy lost by the atoms to electronic excitations is gained by the electronic system and the energy evolution of the electronic system is modeled by the heat diffusion equation. Energy is exchanged between the electronic system and the atoms in the Molecular Dynamics simulation by means of a Langevin thermostat, the temperature of which is the local electronic temperature. The model is applied to a 10 keV cascade simulation for Fe. (authors)

Duffy, Dorothy [Physics and Astronomy, UCL, London (United Kingdom)]|[EURATOM/UKAEA Fusion Association, Culham Science Centre, Oxfordshire (United Kingdom); Rutherford, Alexis [Physics and Astronomy, UCL, London (United Kingdom)

2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

The initial results of research on two-step cascades in the Dalat research reactor  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

By the financial support of Vietnam Atomic Energy Commission and kind cooperation of Frank Laboratory, in the year of 2005 a measure system based on summation of amplitude pulses was established on the tangential channel of Dalat Research Reactor. After a serial of testing, the measure system was explored. In this, we would like to show the initial results were gotten with 36-Cl isotope.

Nguyen Xuan Hai; Pham Dinh Khang; Vuong Huu Tan; Ho Huu Thang; A. M. Sukhovoj; V. A. Khitrov

2013-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

6

Market disruption, cascading effects, and economic recovery:a life-cycle hypothesis model.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper builds upon previous work [Sprigg and Ehlen, 2004] by introducing a bond market into a model of production and employment. The previous paper described an economy in which households choose whether to enter the labor and product markets based on wages and prices. Firms experiment with prices and employment levels to maximize their profits. We developed agent-based simulations using Aspen, a powerful economic modeling tool developed at Sandia, to demonstrate that multiple-firm economies converge toward the competitive equilibria typified by lower prices and higher output and employment, but also suffer from market noise stemming from consumer churn. In this paper we introduce a bond market as a mechanism for household savings. We simulate an economy of continuous overlapping generations in which each household grows older in the course of the simulation and continually revises its target level of savings according to a life-cycle hypothesis. Households can seek employment, earn income, purchase goods, and contribute to savings until they reach the mandatory retirement age; upon retirement households must draw from savings in order to purchase goods. This paper demonstrates the simultaneous convergence of product, labor, and savings markets to their calculated equilibria, and simulates how a disruption to a productive sector will create cascading effects in all markets. Subsequent work will use similar models to simulate how disruptions, such as terrorist attacks, would interplay with consumer confidence to affect financial markets and the broader economy.

Sprigg, James A.

2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

The effects of quadratic drag on the inverse cascade of two-dimensional turbulence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of energy will be generated that may then be arrested by such a drag at large scales. Both scaling arguments space, near wavenumber kf . Then we expect energy to cascade toward smaller wavenumbers, generating- sional value, while the energy generation rate is varied by a factor of 100, so that any changes

Vallis, Geoff

8

3-D hydro + cascade model at RHIC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a 3-D hydro + cascade model in which viscosity and a realistic freezeout process for the hadronic phase are taken into account. We compare our results to experimental data and discuss the finite state interaction effects on physical observables.

Chiho Nonaka; Steffen A. Bass

2005-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

9

3-D hydro + cascade model at RHIC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a 3-D hydro + cascade model in which viscosity and a realistic freezeout process for the hadronic phase are taken into account. We compare our results to experimental data and discuss the finite state interaction effects on physical observables.

Nonaka, C; Nonaka, Chiho; Bass, Steffen A.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

10

Modeling the performance of a two-phase turbine using numerical methods and the results of nozzle, static cascade, and windage experiments  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Performance models for a two-phase turbine were developed to verify the understanding of the loss mechanisms and to extrapolate from the single-nozzle test condition to a full-admission turbine. The numerical models for predicting the performance of the nozzle and the combined nozzle and rotor are described. Results from two-phase, static cascade tests and disk-friction and windage experiments are used to calibrate the performance model(s). Model predictions are compared with single-nozzle prototype-turbine test results, and extrapolations are made to a full-admission design. The modeling also provides predictions of performance for turbines with various blade geometries, inlet conditions, and droplet sizes. Thus the modeling provides insight into design improvements.

Comfort, W.J. III

1978-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

11

Cascades Geothermal Region | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cascades Geothermal Region Cascades Geothermal Region Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Cascades Geothermal Region Details Areas (21) Power Plants (0) Projects (3) Techniques (5) Map: {{{Name}}} The Cascade Range is part of a vast mountain chain that extends from British Columbia to northern California and has been volcanically active for ~ 40 million years as a result of the convergence of the of the Juan de Fuca and Pacific plates. Two physiographic sub-provinces make up the Cascade Range; the Western Cascades and the High Cascades on the east. Middle Eocene to early Pliocene (40 - 5 million years) thick mafic lava flows, primarily of andesitic composition are associated with ash flows, tuffs, and silicic intrusive bodies and stocks that decrease in age eastward to the High Cascades. Miocene to Holocene volcanic rocks make up

12

Cascades Geothermal Region | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cascades Geothermal Region Cascades Geothermal Region (Redirected from Cascades) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Cascades Geothermal Region Details Areas (21) Power Plants (0) Projects (3) Techniques (5) Map: {{{Name}}} The Cascade Range is part of a vast mountain chain that extends from British Columbia to northern California and has been volcanically active for ~ 40 million years as a result of the convergence of the of the Juan de Fuca and Pacific plates. Two physiographic sub-provinces make up the Cascade Range; the Western Cascades and the High Cascades on the east. Middle Eocene to early Pliocene (40 - 5 million years) thick mafic lava flows, primarily of andesitic composition are associated with ash flows, tuffs, and silicic intrusive bodies and stocks that decrease in age

13

Cascading gravity is ghost free  

SciTech Connect

We perform a full perturbative stability analysis of the 6D cascading gravity model in the presence of 3-brane tension. We demonstrate that for sufficiently large tension on the (flat) 3-brane, there are no ghosts at the perturbative level, consistent with results that had previously only been obtained in a specific 5D decoupling limit. These results establish the cascading gravity framework as a consistent infrared modification of gravity.

Rham, Claudia de [Departement de Physique Theorique, Universite de Geneve, 24 Quai E. Ansermet, CH-1211 Geneve (Switzerland); Khoury, Justin [Center for Particle Cosmology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104-6395 (United States); Tolley, Andrew J. [Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics, 31 Caroline St. N., Waterloo, ON, N2L 2Y5 (Canada)

2010-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

14

Investigations of the cascade of Langmuir wave turbulence over HAARP Observatory in Gakona, Alaska  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis investigates the cascade lines from Langmuir wave turbulence as a result of Parametric Decay Instability (PDI) in the ionosphere. This effect is studied using a high-frequency (HF) heater located at the NSF/DoD ...

Burton, Laura M

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

Definition: Cascading Outage | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cascading Outage Cascading Outage Jump to: navigation, search Dictionary.png Cascading Outage The uncontrolled successive loss of system elements triggered by an incident at any location. Cascading results in widespread electric service interruption that cannot be restrained from sequentially spreading beyond an area predetermined by studies.[1] View on Wikipedia Wikipedia Definition A cascading failure is a failure in a system of interconnected parts in which the failure of a part can trigger the failure of successive parts. Such a failure may happen in many types of systems, including power transmission, computer networking, finance and bridges. Cascading failures usually begin when one part of the system fails. When this happens, nearby nodes must then take up the slack for the failed component. This overloads

16

Contingency Analysis of Cascading Line Outage Events  

SciTech Connect

As the US power systems continue to increase in size and complexity, including the growth of smart grids, larger blackouts due to cascading outages become more likely. Grid congestion is often associated with a cascading collapse leading to a major blackout. Such a collapse is characterized by a self-sustaining sequence of line outages followed by a topology breakup of the network. This paper addresses the implementation and testing of a process for N-k contingency analysis and sequential cascading outage simulation in order to identify potential cascading modes. A modeling approach described in this paper offers a unique capability to identify initiating events that may lead to cascading outages. It predicts the development of cascading events by identifying and visualizing potential cascading tiers. The proposed approach was implemented using a 328-bus simplified SERC power system network. The results of the study indicate that initiating events and possible cascading chains may be identified, ranked and visualized. This approach may be used to improve the reliability of a transmission grid and reduce its vulnerability to cascading outages.

Thomas L Baldwin; Magdy S Tawfik; Miles McQueen

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Terahertz quantum cascade lasers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The development of the terahertz frequency range has long been impeded by the relative dearth of compact, coherent radiation sources of reasonable power. This thesis details the development of quantum cascade lasers (QCLs) ...

Williams, Benjamin S. (Benjamin Stanford), 1974-

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

18

Observation of the Askaryan Effect: Coherent Microwave Cherenkov Emission from Charge Asymmetry in High Energy Particle Cascades  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the first direct experimental evidence for the charge excess in high energy particle showers predicted nearly 40 years ago by Askaryan. We directed bremsstrahlung photons from picosecond pulses of 28.5 GeV electrons at the SLAC Final Focus Test Beam facility into a 3.5 ton silica sand target, producing electromagnetic showers several meters long. A series of antennas spanning 0.3 to 6 GHz were used to detect strong, sub-nanosecond radio frequency pulses produced whenever a shower was present. The measured electric field strengths are consistent with a completely coherent radiation process. The pulses show 100% linear polarization, consistent with the expectations of Cherenkov radiation. The field strength versus depth closely follows the expected particle number density profile of the cascade, consistent with emission from excess charge distributed along the shower. These measurements therefore provide strong support for experiments designed to detect high energy cosmic rays and neutrinos via coherent radio emission from their cascades.

David Saltzberg; Peter Gorham; Dieter Walz; Clive Field; Richard Iverson; Allen Odian; George Resch; Paul Schoessow; Dawn Williams

2000-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Applications of TIERRAS for underground particle cascade simulations  

SciTech Connect

In this communication we present some example applications of TIERRAS, a software package for the simulation of High Energy particle cascades underground and underwater. The examples illustrate how this package can be used to study the phenomenology of particle cascades from Extended Air Showers propagated several meters underground, including the effect of the surface ''albedo'' particles that are generated when a cascade reaches ground level. These up-going particles can have a measurable effect on surface or shallow underground detectors. Finally, to show the package ability ro perform simulations of particle cascades in ice, an application for neutrino radio detection is briefly introduced.

Tueros, M. J.

2010-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

20

Cascade-based community detection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Given a directed social graph and a set of past informa- tion cascades observed over the graph, we study the novel problem of detecting modules of the graph (communities of nodes), that also explain the cascades. Our key observation is that both information ... Keywords: community detection, information cascades, social networks

Nicola Barbieri; Francesco Bonchi; Giuseppe Manco

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "resulting cascading effect" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Cascades geothermal program  

SciTech Connect

The Cascades region is an area with high geothermal potential but few surface manifestations and limited subsurface data. To stimulate further development of hydrothermal resources, DOE-Idaho Operations Office issued Solicitation Number DE-SC07-85IDI2580. The reason for this solicitation was to secure cost sharing agreements with industry to drill gradient holes that would penetrate the rain curtain and obtain deep thermal, lithologic, and structural data. The data obtained and studies conducted under this program are to be released to the public for the benefit of the geothermal industry and the scientific community. The first thermal gradient hole to be drilled under this program was finished November 1985 by GEO-Newberry Crater, Inc. on the south flank of Newberry volcano. Data for additional wells drilled under the Cascades Geothermal Drilling Program will be released as they become available.

Not Available

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Abstract--Cascading outages can cause large blackouts, and a variety of methods are emerging to study this challenging topic.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Abstract-- Cascading outages can cause large blackouts, and a variety of methods are emerging Analysis, Risk Analysis, Preventing Cascades. I. INTRODUCTION A cascading outage is a sequence of events component outages (based on [1] and [2]). In some cases cascading outages halt before the sequence results

Hines, Paul

23

Geothermal research, Oregon Cascades: Final technical report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Previous USDOE-funded geothermal studies have produced an extensive temperature gradient and heat flow data base for the State of Oregon. One of the important features identified as a result of these studies is a rapid transition from heat flow values on the order of 40 mW/m/sup 2/ in the Willamette Valley and Western Cascades to values of greater than or equal to100 mW/m/sup 2/ in the High Cascades and the eastern portion of the Western Cascades. These data indicate that the Cascade Range in Oregon has potential as a major geothermal province and stimulated much of the later work completed by government agencies and private industry. Additional data generated as a result of this grant and published in DOGAMI Open-File Report 0-86-2 further define the location and magnitude of this transition zone. In addition, abundant data collected from the vicinity of Breitenbush and Austin Hot Springs have permitted the formulation of relatively detailed models of these hydrothermal systems. These models are published in DOGAMI Open-File Report 0-88-5. Task 1.2 of the Deliverables section of Amendment M001 is fulfilled by DOGAMI publication GMS-48, Geologic map of the McKenzie Bridge quadrangle, Lane County, Oregon. This map was printed in October, 1988, and is part of the final submission to USDOE. 8 refs.

Priest, G.R.; Black, G.L.

1988-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

24

Cascade Multilevel Inverters for Utility Applications  

SciTech Connect

Cascade multilevel inverters have been developed by the authors for utility applications. A cascade M-level inverter consists of (M-1)/2 H- bridges in which each bridge has its own separate dc source. The new inverter: (1) can generate almost sinusoidal waveform voltage while only switching one time per fundamental cycle, (2) can eliminate transformers of multipulse inverters used in conventional utility interfaces and static var compensators, and (3) makes possible direct parallel or series connection to medium- and high-voltage power systems without any transformers. In other words, the cascade inverter is much more efficient and suitable for utility applications than traditional multipulse and pulse width modulation (PWM) inverters. The authors have experimentally demonstrated the superiority of the new inverter for reactive power (var) and harmonic compensation. This paper will summarize features,feasibility, and control schemes of the cascade inverter for utility applications including utility interface of renewable energy, voltage regulation, var compensation, and harmonic filtering in power systems.Analytical, simulated, and experimental results demonstrate the superiority of the new inverters.

Peng, F.Z., McKeever, J.W., Adams, D.J.

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

25

Risk Assessment of Cascading Outages: Methodologies and Challenges  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract- This paper is a result of ongoing activity carried out by Understanding, Prediction, Mitigation and Restoration of Cascading Failures Task Force under IEEE Computer Analytical Methods Subcommittee (CAMS). The task force's previous papers are focused on general aspects of cascading outages such as understanding, prediction, prevention and restoration from cascading failures. This is the first of two new papers, which extend this previous work to summarize the state of the art in cascading failure risk analysis methodologies and modeling tools. This paper is intended to be a reference document to summarize the state of the art in the methodologies for performing risk assessment of cascading outages caused by some initiating event(s). A risk assessment should cover the entire potential chain of cascades starting with the initiating event(s) and ending with some final condition(s). However, this is a difficult task and heuristic approaches and approximations have been suggested. This paper discusses different approaches to this and suggests directions for future development of methodologies. The second paper summarizes the state of the art in modeling tools for risk assessment of cascading outages.

Vaiman, Marianna; Bell, Keith; Chen, Yousu; Chowdhury, Badrul; Dobson, Ian; Hines, Paul; Papic, Milorad; Miller, Stephen; Zhang, Pei

2012-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

26

3-D hydro + cascade model at RHIC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a 3-D hydro + cascade model, in which viscosity and a realistic freezeout process for the hadronic phase are taken into account. We compare our results to experimental data and discuss the final state interaction effects on physical observables. 1. FREEZEOUT PROCESS AND VISCOSITY IN HYDRODYNAMICS Hydrodynamic models have been very successful in describing the collective behavior of matter at RHIC, such as single particle spectra and elliptic flow. In particular the strong elliptic flow which, for the first time, reaches the hydrodynamic limit at RHIC, provides us with a new understanding of the nature of the quark-gluon plasma (QGP) created at RHIC as strongly interacting or correlated QGP [ 1]. However there exist a number of experimental observations that contradict ideal hydrodynamic models: transverse momentum spectra above 2 GeV, elliptic flow at large pseudo-rapdities ? and Hanbury Brown- Twiss (HBT) interferometry. These observations suggest that there exist limitations to the application of a simple ideal hydrodynamic model to RHIC physics and that an improvement on an ideal hydrodynamic model is needed in order to obtain a comprehensive and unified description of the data from the point of view of hydrodynamics. In general, hydrodynamic models require initial conditions, an equations of state (EoS)

Chiho Nonakaa A; Steffen A. Bass

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

The detection, prevention and mitigation of cascading outages in the power system  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation studies the causes and mechanism of power system cascading outages and develops new methods and new tools to help detect, prevent and mitigate the outages. Three effective solutions: a steady state control scheme, a transient stability control scheme, and an interactive system-wide and local scheme have been proposed using those new methods and tools. A steady state control scheme can help detect and prevent the possible cascading outage at its initial slow steady state progress stage. It uses new methods and new tools to solve the line overload, congestion or bus high/low voltage problems. New methods, such as vulnerability index (VI), margin index (MI), network contribution factor (NCF), topology processing and selected minimum load shedding (SMLS), and new tools, such as transmission network control based on a network contribution factor (NCF) method, generator control based on a generator distribution factor (GDF) method, and load control based on a load distribution factor (LDF) method have been proposed and developed. A transient stability control scheme can help prevent and mitigate the possible cascading outage at its transient progress stage if there is enough time to take action. It uses one Lyapunov direct method, potential energy boundary surface (PEBS) method, and sensitivity analysis of transient energy margin for fast stabilizing control. The results are verified by the accurate time-domain transient stability analysis method. The interactive scheme takes advantage of accurate system-wide and local information and analysis results, uses some techniques from both steady state control and transient stability control, works at both the system-wide level and local substation level, monitors the system all the time, and takes actions when needed to help detect, prevent and mitigate the possible cascading outage. Comprehensive simulation studies have been implemented using the IEEE 14- bus, 24-bus, 39-bus and 118-bus systems and promising results show the ability of the proposed solutions to help detect, prevent and mitigate cascading outages.

Song, Hongbiao

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

MHK Technologies/Oscillating Cascade Power System OCPS | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Oscillating Cascade Power System OCPS Oscillating Cascade Power System OCPS < MHK Technologies Jump to: navigation, search << Return to the MHK database homepage Oscillating Cascade Power System OCPS.jpg Technology Profile Primary Organization New Energy Solutions LLC Technology Resource Click here Current Technology Type Click here Oscillating Wave Surge Converter Technology Readiness Level Click here TRL 5 6 System Integration and Technology Laboratory Demonstration Technology Description The OCPS generator consists of a cascade of vertical hydrofoils submerged in moving water This array of hydrofoils oscillates in antiphase at resonance flutter in a slow swimming motion resulting in maximum power transfer from flowing water to electricity The system efficiently converts the oscillating mechanical energy into a steady electric current A 60 overall water to wire efficiency was demonstrated at the proof of concept test and 65 or better overall efficiency is projected using the new engineering advances incorporated since the test in the commercial model

29

Pages that link to "Cascade, Idaho" | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Share this page on Facebook icon Twitter icon Pages that link to "Cascade, Idaho" Cascade, Idaho Jump to: navigation, search What links here Page: Cascade, Idaho...

30

Cray to Install Cascade System at NERSC  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cray to Install Cascade System at NERSC Cray to Install Cascade System at NERSC June 27, 2012 by Richard Gerber (0 Comments) Cray will install a next-generation supercomputer...

31

Hydrodynamics of the cascading plasma  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The cascading gauge theory of Klebanov et.al realizes a soluble example of gauge/string correspondence in a non-conformal setting. Such a gauge theory has a strong coupling scale Lambda, below which it confines with a chiral symmetry breaking. A holographic description of a strongly coupled cascading gauge theory plasma is represented by a black brane solution of type IIB supergravity on a conifold with fluxes. A characteristic parameter controlling the high temperature expansion of such plasma is 1/ln(T/Lambda). In this paper we study the speed of sound and the bulk viscosity of the cascading gauge theory plasma to order 1/ln(T/Lambda)^4. We find that the bulk viscosity satisfies the bound conjectured in arXiv:0708.3459. We comment on difficulties of computing the transport coefficients to all orders in T/Lambda. Previously, it was shown that a cascading gauge theory plasma undergoes a first-order deconfinement transition with unbroken chiral symmetry at T_c=0.6141111(3) Lambda. We show here that a deconfined chirally symmetric phase becomes perturbatively unstable at T_u=0.8749(0) T_c. Near the unstable point the specific heat diverges as c_V ~ |1-T_u/T|^(-1/2).

Alex Buchel

2009-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

32

Cascade Reverse Osmosis Air Conditioning System: Cascade Reverse Osmosis and the Absorption Osmosis Cycle  

SciTech Connect

BEETIT Project: Battelle is developing a new air conditioning system that uses a cascade reverse osmosis (RO)-based absorption cycle. Analyses show that this new cycle can be as much as 60% more efficient than vapor compression, which is used in 90% of air conditioners. Traditional vapor-compression systems use polluting liquids for a cooling effect. Absorption cycles use benign refrigerants such as water, which is absorbed in a salt solution and pumped as liquid—replacing compression of vapor. The refrigerant is subsequently separated from absorbing salt using heat for re-use in the cooling cycle. Battelle is replacing thermal separation of refrigerant with a more efficient reverse osmosis process. Research has shown that the cycle is possible, but further investment will be needed to reduce the number of cascade reverse osmosis stages and therefore cost.

None

2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Village of Cascade | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cascade Cascade Jump to: navigation, search Name Village of Cascade Facility Village of Cascade Sector Wind energy Facility Type Community Wind Facility Status In Service Owner Village of Cascade Energy Purchaser Village of Cascade Location Cascade WI Coordinates 43.65868218°, -87.99709797° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":43.65868218,"lon":-87.99709797,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

34

Photovoltaic Probe of Cavity Polaritons in a Quantum Cascade Structure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The strong coupling between an intersubband excitation in a quantum cascade structure and a photonic mode of a planar microcavity has been detected by angle-resolved photovoltaic measurements. A typical anticrossing behavior, with a vacuum-field Rabi splitting of 16 meV at 78K, has been measured, for an intersubband transition at 163 meV. These results show that the strong coupling regime between photons and intersubband excitations can be engineered in a quantum cascade opto-electronic device. They also demonstrate the possibility to perform angle-resolved mid-infrared photodetection and to develop active devices based on intersubband cavity polaritons.

Luca Sapienza; Raffaele Colombelli; Angela Vasanelli; Cristiano Ciuti; Christophe Manquest; Ulf Gennser; Carlo Sirtori

2007-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

35

Understanding Cascading Failures in Power Grids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the past, we have observed several large blackouts, i.e. loss of power to large areas. It has been noted by several researchers that these large blackouts are a result of a cascade of failures of various components. As a power grid is made up of several thousands or even millions of components (relays, breakers, transformers, etc.), it is quite plausible that a few of these components do not perform their function as desired. Their failure/misbehavior puts additional burden on the working components causing them to misbehave, and thus leading to a cascade of failures. The complexity of the entire power grid makes it difficult to model each and every individual component and study the stability of the entire system. For this reason, it is often the case that abstract models of the working of the power grid are constructed and then analyzed. These models need to be computationally tractable while serving as a reasonable model for the entire system. In this work, we construct one such model for the power grid...

Kadloor, Sachin

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Boundary Conditions of the Hydro-Cascade Model and Relativistic Kinetic Equations for Finite Domains  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A detailed analysis of the coupled relativistic kinetic equations for two domains separated by a hypersurface having both space- and time-like parts is presented. Integrating the derived set of transport equations, we obtain the correct system of the hydro+cascade equations to model the relativistic nuclear collision process. Remarkably, the conservation laws on the boundary between domains conserve separately both the incoming and outgoing components of energy, momentum and baryonic charge. Thus, the relativistic kinetic theory generates twice the number of conservation laws compared to traditional hydrodynamics. Our analysis shows that these boundary conditions between domains, the three flux discontinuity, can be satisfied only by a special superposition of two cut-off distribution functions for the ``out'' domain. All these results are applied to the case of the phase transition between quark gluon plasma and hadronic matter. The possible consequences for an improved hydro+cascade description of the relativistic nuclear collisions are discussed. The unique properties of the three flux discontinuity and their effect on the space-time evolution of the transverse expansion are also analyzed. The possible modifications of both transversal radii from pion correlations generated by a correct hydro+cascade approach are discussed.

K. A. Bugaev

2004-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

37

Cascade, Idaho: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Edit with form History Share this page on Facebook icon Twitter icon Cascade, Idaho: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates...

38

Results of temperature gradient and heat flow in Santiam Pass Area, Oregon, Volume 1  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The conclusions of this report are: (1) There is a weakly defined thermal anomaly within the area examined by temperature-gradient holes in the Santiam Pass area. This is a relict anomaly showing differences in permeability between the High Cascades and Western Cascades areas, more than a fundamental difference in shallow crustal temperatures. (2) The anomaly as defined by the 60 F isotherms at 400 feet follows a north-south trend immediately westward of the Cascade axis in the boundary region. It is clear that all holes spudded into High Cascades rocks result in isothermal and reversal gradients. Holes spudded in Western Cascades rocks result in positive gradients. (3) Cold groundwater flow influences and masks temperature gradients in the High Cascades to a depth of at least 700 feet, especially eastward from the major north-south trending faults. Pleistocene and Holocene rocks are very permeable aquifers. (4) Shallow gradient drilling in the lowlands westward of the faults provides more interpretable information than shallow drilling in the cold-water recharge zones. Topographic and climatological effects can be filtered out of the temperature gradient results. (5) The thermal anomaly seems to have 2 centers: one in the Belknap-Foley area, and one northward in the Sand Mountain area. The anomalies may or may not be connected along a north-south trend. (6) A geothermal effect is seen in holes downslope of the Western-High Cascade boundary. Mixing with cold waters is a powerful influence on temperature gradient data. (7) The temperature-gradient program has not yet examined and defined the geothermal resources potential of the area eastward of the Western Cascades-High Cascades boundary. Holes to 1500-2000 feet in depth are required to penetrate the high permeability-cold groundwater regime. (8) Drilling conditions are unfavorable. There are very few accessible level drill sites. Seasonal access problems and environmental restrictions together with frequent lost circulation results in very high costs per foot drilled.

Cox, B.L.; Gardner, M.C.; Koenig, J.B.

1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

EMC effect for light nuclei: new results from Jefferson Lab  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High energy lepton scattering has been the primary tool for mapping out the quark distributions of nucleons and nuclei. Measurements of deep inelastic scattering in nuclei show that the quark distributions in heavy nuclei are not simply the sum of the quark distributions of the constituent proton and neutron, as one might expect for a weakly bound system. This modification of the quark distributions in nuclei is known as the EMC effect. I will discuss the results from Jefferson Lab (JLab) experiment E03-103, a precise measurement of the EMC effect in few-body nuclei with emphasis on the large x region. Data from the light nuclei suggests that the nuclear dependence of the high x quark distribution may depend on the nucleon's local environment, rather than being a purely bulk effect. In addition, I will also discuss about a future experiment at the upgraded 12 GeV Jefferson Lab facility which will further investigate the role of the local nuclear environment and the influence of detailed nuclear structure to the modification of quark distributions.

Daniel, A. [Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, Ohio University, Athens OH 45701 (United States)

2011-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

40

Columbia Cascade Ecoprovince Wildlife Assessment and Inventory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

(potential) central arid steppe vegetation zone in the Columbia Cascade Ecoprovince, Washington (Cassidy 1997 occupy the north central portion of Washington State east of the Cascade Mountains (Figure_1). Figure 1,000 km2 ) in west central Idaho, southeastern Washington, and northeastern Oregon between the western

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "resulting cascading effect" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

PP-96 Boise Cascade Corporation | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

at the U.S. Border. PP-96 Boise Cascade Corporation More Documents & Publications PP-96-1 Boise Cascade Corporation PP-39 Boise Cascade Corporation PP-39-1 Boise White Paper, L.L.C...

42

PP-39 Boise Cascade Corporation | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

- Canada Border. PP-39 Boise Cascade Corporation More Documents & Publications PP-96-1 Boise Cascade Corporation PP-39-1 Boise White Paper, L.L.C PP-96 Boise Cascade Corporation...

43

Aerodynamic Losses and Heat Transfer in a Blade Cascade with...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Aerodynamic Losses and Heat Transfer in a Aerodynamic Losses and Heat Transfer in a Blade Cascade with 3 Blade Cascade with 3 - - D D Endwall Endwall Contouring Contouring...

44

Counterintuitive MCNPX Results for Scintillator Surface Roughness Effect  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have reported on our recent MCNPX simulation results of energy deposition for a group of 8 scintillation detectors, coupled with various rough surface patterns. The MCNPX results generally favored the detectors with various rough surface patterns. The observed MCNPX results are not fully explained by this work.

None

2012-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

45

Cascading Failure Risk Variation with Generator Dispatch and System Load Level  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Industry reliability rules increasingly require utilities to study and mitigate cascading failure risk in their system. Motivated by this, this paper describes how cascading failure risk, in terms of expected blackout size, varies with power system load level and pre-contingency dispatch. We used Monte Carlo sampling of random branch outages to model contingencies, and a model of cascading failure to estimate blackout sizes. The risk associated with different blackout sizes is separately estimated in order to separate small, medium, and large blackout risk. Results from N-1 secure models of the IEEE RTS case and a 2383 bus case indicate that blackout risk does not always increase with load level, particularly for large blackout risk. The results also show that risk is highly dependent on the method used for generator dispatch. Minimum cost methods of dispatch can result in larger long distance power transfers, which can increase cascading failure risk.

Rezaei, Pooya

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

US geothermal database and Oregon cascade thermal studies: (Final report)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report describes two tasks of different nature. The first of these tasks was the preparation of a data base for heat flow and associated ancillary information for the United States. This data base is being used as the basis for preparation of the United States portion of a geothermal map of North America. The ''Geothermal Map of North America'' will be published as part of the Decade of North American Geology (DNAG) series of the Geological Society of America. The second of these tasks was to make a geothermal evaluation of holes drilled in the Cascade Range as part of a Department of Energy (DOE)/Industry co-sponsored deep drilling project. This second task involved field work, making temperature logs in the holes, and laboratory work, measuring thermal conductivity measurements on an extensive set of samples from these holes. The culmination of this task was an interpretation of heat flow values in terms of the regional thermal conditions; implications for geothermal systems in the Cascade Range; evaluation of the effect of groundwater flow on the depths that need to be drilled for successful measurements in the Cascade Range; and investigation of the nature of the surface groundwater effects on the temperature-depth curves. 40 refs., 7 figs., 7 tabs.

Blackwell, D.D.; Steele, J.L.; Carter, L.

1988-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Heat Flow From Four New Research Drill Holes In The Western Cascades,  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

From Four New Research Drill Holes In The Western Cascades, From Four New Research Drill Holes In The Western Cascades, Oregon, Usa Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Heat Flow From Four New Research Drill Holes In The Western Cascades, Oregon, Usa Details Activities (1) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Conceptual models of the thermal structure of the Oregon Cascade Range propose either (1) a narrow zone of magmatic heat sources, flanked by shallow heat-flow anomalies caused by lateral ground-water flow; or (2) a wide zone of magmatic heat sources, with localized, generally negligible ground-water effects. The proposed narrow heat source coincides with the Quaternary volcanic arc, whereas the wider heat source would extend 10-30 km west of the arc. To test the models, four new heat-flow holes were sited

48

Dynamic performance and control of a static var generator using cascade multilevel inverters  

SciTech Connect

A cascade multilevel inverter is proposed for static VAR shifting, compensation/generation applications. The new cascade M-level inverter consists of (M-1)/2 single-phase full bridges in which each bridge has its own separate dc source. This inverter can generate almost sinusoidal waveform voltage with only one time switching per cycle. It can eliminate the need for transformers in multipulse inverters. A prototype static VAR generator (SVG) system using 11- level cascade inverter (21-level line-to-line voltage waveform) has been built. The output voltage waveform is equivalent to that of a 60- pulse inverter. This paper focuses on dynamic performance of the cascade inverter based SVG system. Control schemes are proposed to achieve a fast response which is impossible for a conventional static VAR compensator (SVC). Analytical, simulated and experimental results show the superiority of the proposed SVG system.

Peng, Fang Zheng [Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States); Lai, Jih-Sheng [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Cascade Municipal Utilities | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cascade Municipal Utilities Cascade Municipal Utilities Jump to: navigation, search Name Cascade Municipal Utilities Place Iowa Utility Id 3137 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location MRO NERC MRO Yes ISO MISO Yes Operates Generating Plant Yes Activity Generation Yes Activity Transmission Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png All Electric Rate Residential City/Interdept. Rate Commercial Commercial Rate 3-phase Commercial Commercial Rate Single-phase Commercial Demand Rate Industrial Residential Rates Residential Average Rates Residential: $0.1040/kWh

50

Quantum Cascade Laser Energy Band Diagram  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Quantum Cascade Lasers (QCLs) are semiconductor lasers that emit in the mid- and long-wave IR bands, and are fi nding new applications in precision sensing, spectroscopy, medical, and military applications (1). Their wide tuning range and fast response time allow for faster and more precise compact trace element detectors and gas analyzers that are replacing slower and larger FTIR, mass spectroscopy, and photothermal microspectroscopy systems. Figure 1 represents the physics behind Quantum Cascade Lasers. It depicts the laser energy bands that allow QC lasing. For more information about QCLs and the physics behind

unknown authors

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

A New Look at Snowpack Trends in the Cascade Mountains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study examines the changes in Cascade Mountain spring snowpack since 1930. Three new time series facilitate this analysis: a water-balance estimate of Cascade snowpack from 1930 to 2007 that extends the observational record 20 years earlier ...

Mark T. Stoelinga; Mark D. Albright; Clifford F. Mass

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

STATEMENT OF CONSIDERATIONS REQUEs·r BY CASCADE ENGINEERI NG, INC. (CASCADE) FOR AN ADVANCE  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

REQUEs·r BY CASCADE ENGINEERI REQUEs·r BY CASCADE ENGINEERI NG, INC. (CASCADE) FOR AN ADVANCE WA IVER OF DOMESTIC AND FORE IGN PATENT RIGHTS UNDER DOE AWARD NO. DE-EE0005440; W(A) 201 1-070 CASCAD E has requested a waiver of domesti c and fore ign patent rights of the United States of America in all subject inventions arising from its participation under the above refe renced cooperative agreeme nt entitl ed " Innovative Ballasted Flat Roof Solar PV Racking System." According to the Statement o f Project Objectives, the objectives of the project funded by the cooperative agreement arc to " [ dlesign, develop, engineer, manufacture, and market a flat roof so lar PV racking sys tem. This racking system will o±Ier a cost advantage from a materials and installation labor (mechanical and electrical) perspective. It will be flexible enough to

53

MSSM Higgs Boson Production from Supersymmetric Cascades at LHC  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Detectability of MSSM Higgs bosons in cascade decays of supersymmetric particles at the CERN LHC is discussed.

Asesh K. Datta

2004-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

54

Indication of Potential Cascading Outages Using Measurement Data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many efforts have been made to avoid blackouts in North America since 1965. However, cascading outages leading to catastrophic blackouts continued to happen. This project focused on investigating a comprehensive monitoring and control framework for prediction, analysis, and mitigation of cascading outages and conducting research on the early indication of potential cascading outages using real-time measurement data.

2010-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

55

Application of Cascade Correlation Networks for Structures toChemistry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present the application of Cascade Correlation for structures to QSPR (quantitative structure-property relationships) and QSAR (quantitative structure-activity relationships) analysis. Cascade Correlation for structures is a neural network model ... Keywords: Cascade Correlation networks, QSAR, QSPR, constructive algorithms, gradient descent

Anna Maria Bianucci; Alessio Micheli; Alessandro Sperduti; Antonina Starita

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

56

Observation of inertial energy cascade in interplanetary space plasma  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We show in this article direct evidence for the presence of an inertial energy cascade, the most characteristic signature of hydromagnetic turbulence (MHD), in the solar wind as observed by the Ulysses spacecraft. After a brief rederivation of the equivalent of Yaglom's law for MHD turbulence, we show that a linear relation is indeed observed for the scaling of mixed third order structure functions involving Els\\"asser variables. This experimental result, confirming the prescription stemming from a theorem for MHD turbulence, firmly establishes the turbulent character of low-frequency velocity and magnetic field fluctuations in the solar wind plasma.

Luca Sorriso-Valvo; Raffaele Marino; Vincenzo Carbone; Fabio Lepreti; Pierluigi Veltri; Alain Noullez; Roberto Bruno; Bruno Bavassano; Ermanno Pietropaolo

2007-02-09T23:59:59.000Z

57

Cascade solar cell having conductive interconnects  

SciTech Connect

Direct ohmic contact between the cells in an epitaxially grown cascade solar cell is obtained by means of conductive interconnects formed through grooves etched intermittently in the upper cell. The base of the upper cell is directly connected by the conductive interconnects to the emitter of the bottom cell. The conductive interconnects preferably terminate on a ledge formed in the base of the upper cell.

Borden, Peter G. (Menlo Park, CA); Saxena, Ram R. (Saratoga, CA)

1982-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

58

Cascade Training Technique for Particle Identification  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The cascade training technique which was developed during our work on the MiniBooNE particle identification has been found to be a very efficient way to improve the selection performance, especially when very low background contamination levels are desired. The detailed description of this technique is presented here based on the MiniBooNE detector Monte Carlo simulations, using both artifical neural networks and boosted decision trees as examples.

Yong Liu; Ion Stancu

2006-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

59

Effects of Cloud Seeding in West Texas: Additional Results and New Insights  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Additional results and new insights have been obtained regarding the effect of randomized dynamic seeding of supercooled convective clouds in west Texas. These have resulted in a revised conceptual model that aids in understanding the new results ...

Daniel Rosenfeld; William L. Woodley

1993-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Preparation of residual gravity maps for the southern Cascade Mountains, Washington using Fourier analysis  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A continuation of gravity work in the Cascade Mountains of Washington is presented. Baseline gravity data were collected for use in geothermal resource evaluation. The purpose of this report is to describe a Fourier analysis method for separating residual and regional gravity anomalies from a complete Bouguer gravity anomaly field. The technique has been applied to gravity data from the Southern Cascade Mountains, Washington. Residual gravity anomaly maps at a scale of 1:250,000 are presented for various regional wavelength filters, and a power spectrum of the frequency components in the South Cascade gravity data is displayed. No attempt is made to interpret the results of this study in terms of geologic structures.

Dishberger, D.M.

1983-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "resulting cascading effect" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Systematic Study of Charm Quark Energy Loss Using Parton Cascade Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we use a Parton Cascade Model to study the evolution of charm quarks propagating through a thermal brick of QCD matter. We determine the energy loss and the transport coefficient 'qhat' for charm quarks. The calculations are done for constant temperature of 350 MeV and the results are compared to analytical calculations of heavy quark energy loss in order to validate the applicability of using a Parton Cascade Model for the study of heavy quark dynamics in hot and dense QCD matter.

Mohammed Younus; Christopher E. Coleman-Smith; Steffen A. Bass; Dinesh K. Srivastava

2013-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

62

EM to Proceed with Demolition Following Completion of Cascade Cleanout  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

to Proceed with Demolition Following Completion of Cascade to Proceed with Demolition Following Completion of Cascade Cleanout Operations EM to Proceed with Demolition Following Completion of Cascade Cleanout Operations July 1, 2012 - 12:00pm Addthis X-326 Facility Manager Jack Tully, left to right, DOE Site Lead Joel Bradburne and Operator Russ Nickell stand in the local control room after the last processing equipment that had been operating in the uranium enrichment cascade at the Portsmouth site in Piketon was shut down. X-326 Facility Manager Jack Tully, left to right, DOE Site Lead Joel Bradburne and Operator Russ Nickell stand in the local control room after the last processing equipment that had been operating in the uranium enrichment cascade at the Portsmouth site in Piketon was shut down. The last equipment that had been operating in the uranium enrichment cascade at the Portsmouth site in Piketon was powered off May 30 after more than 57 years of operation.

63

Multiplicative cascades and seismicity in natural time  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Natural time chi enables the distinction of two origins of self-similarity, i.e., the process memory and the process increments infinite variance. Employing multiplicative cascades in natural time, the most probable value of the variance kappa{sub 1}(ident to-{sup 2}) is explicitly related with the parameter b of the Gutenberg-Richter law of randomly shuffled earthquake data. Moreover, the existence of temporal and magnitude correlations is studied in the original earthquake data. Magnitude correlations are larger for closer in time earthquakes, when the maximum interoccurrence time varies from half a day to 1 min.

Sarlis, N. V.; Skordas, E. S.; Varotsos, P. A. [Department of Physics, Solid State Section and Solid Earth Physics Institute, University of Athens, Panepistimiopolis, Zografos, 157 84 Athens (Greece)

2009-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

64

Hydrothermal Heat Discharge In The Cascade Range, Northwestern...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Hydrothermal heat discharge in the Cascade Range includes the heat discharged by thermal springs, by "slightly thermal" springs that are only a few degrees warmer than...

65

Data Acquisition-Manipulation At Cascades Region (Ingebritsen...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon Data Acquisition-Manipulation At Cascades Region (Ingebritsen & Mariner, 2010) Jump to:...

66

Current Control Technology for Quantum Cascade Laser and Other ...  

Summary. For laser-based trace gas sensing applications, precision, stability and reliability are key. This is true for quantum cascade laser-based ...

67

SPONTANEOUS CURRENT-LAYER FRAGMENTATION AND CASCADING RECONNECTION IN SOLAR FLARES. I. MODEL AND ANALYSIS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Magnetic reconnection is commonly considered to be a mechanism of solar (eruptive) flares. A deeper study of this scenario reveals, however, a number of open issues. Among them is the fundamental question of how the magnetic energy is transferred from large, accumulation scales to plasma scales where its actual dissipation takes place. In order to investigate this transfer over a broad range of scales, we address this question by means of a high-resolution MHD simulation. The simulation results indicate that the magnetic-energy transfer to small scales is realized via a cascade of consecutively smaller and smaller flux ropes (plasmoids), analogous to the vortex-tube cascade in (incompressible) fluid dynamics. Both tearing and (driven) 'fragmenting coalescence' processes are equally important for the consecutive fragmentation of the magnetic field (and associated current density) into smaller elements. At the later stages, a dynamic balance between tearing and coalescence processes reveals a steady (power-law) scaling typical of cascading processes. It is shown that cascading reconnection also addresses other open issues in solar-flare research, such as the duality between the regular large-scale picture of (eruptive) flares and the observed signatures of fragmented (chaotic) energy release, as well as the huge number of accelerated particles. Indeed, spontaneous current-layer fragmentation and the formation of multiple channelized dissipative/acceleration regions embedded in the current layer appear to be intrinsic to the cascading process. The multiple small-scale current sheets may also facilitate the acceleration of a large number of particles. The structure, distribution, and dynamics of the embedded potential acceleration regions in a current layer fragmented by cascading reconnection are studied and discussed.

Barta, Miroslav; Buechner, Joerg [Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research, D-37191 Katlenburg-Lindau (Germany); Karlicky, Marian; Skala, Jan, E-mail: barta@mps.mpg.de [Astronomical Institute of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, CZ-25165 Ondrejov (Czech Republic)

2011-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

68

Developing monthly operating rules for a cascade system of reservoirs: Application of Bayesian Networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, a Bayesian Network (BN) is utilized for developing monthly operating rules for a cascade system of reservoirs which is mainly aimed to control floods and supply irrigation needs. BN is trained and verified using the results of a reservoir ... Keywords: Bayesian Networks (BNs), Long-term and short-term operation optimization, Reservoir operating rules, Varying chromosome Length Genetic Algorithm (VLGA)

Bahram Malekmohammadi; Reza Kerachian; Banafsheh Zahraie

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Cascading Closed Loop Cycle Power Generation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WOW Energies was issued Patent 6,857,268 B2 on Feb 22, 2005 titled “CASCADING CLOSED LOOP CYCLE (CCLC) and Patent 7,096,665 B2 on August 29, 2006 titled “CASCADING CLOSED LOOP CYCLE POWER GENERATION”. These patented technologies are collectively marketed as WOWGen®. The WOW Energies patents represent the production of efficient power from low, medium and high temperature heat generated from the combustion of fuels; heat from renewable energy sources such as solar and geothermal heat; or waste heat sources. Waste heat sources can be in the form of exhaust stack flue gases; waste heat from vented steam or steam discharged from steam turbines; hot water; hot oils or combined waste heat sources. A major advantage of the WOWGen® power plant is the ability to produce power without the use, consumption or contamination of valuable water resources. Production of power from waste heat and renewable energy sources is the most viable path to energy independence from foreign oil and reduced emissions from the combustion of fossil fuels. The WOWGen® power plant inherently reduces emissions and Greenhouse Gases (GHG) by producing power from waste heat without consuming fuel, thus increasing the overall energy efficiency of any industrial plant or power generation facility. The presentation will focus on the technology and provide case studies of its application.

Romero, M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

The Cascade is a MMS Instanton  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wrap m D5-branes around the 2-cycle of a conifold, place n D3-branes at a point and watch the system relax. The D5-branes source m units of RR 3-form flux on the 3-cycle, which cause dielectric NS5-branes to nucleate and repeatedly sweep out the 3-cycle, each time gaining m units of D3-charge while the stack of D5-branes loses m units of D3-charge. A similar description of the Klebanov-Strassler cascade has been proposed by Kachru, et al. when m>>m-n. Using the T-dual MQCD we argue that the above process occurs for any m and n and in particular may continue for more than one step. The nonbaryonic roots of the SQCD vacua lead to new cascades because, for example, the 3-cycle swept does not link all of the D5's. This decay is the S-dual of a MMS instanton, which is the decay into flux of a brane that is trivial in twisted K-theory. This provides the first evidence for the S-dual of the K-theory classification that does not itself rely upon any strong/weak duality.

Jarah Evslin

2004-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

71

Geothermal gradient drilling, north-central Cascades of Oregon, 1979  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A geothermal gradient drilling program was conducted on the western flank of the north-central Cascade Mountains in Oregon. Six wells were drilled during this program, although in effect seven were drilled, as two wells were drilled at site 3, the second well, however, actually going to a lesser depth than the first. Three of the wells (3, 4, and 5) were drilled in areas which topographically are subject to strong throughflows of ground water. None of these wells reached the regional water table, and all showed essentially isothermal geothermal gradients. The single well which was started essentially at the water table (well 6) shows a linear temperature rise with depth essentially from the top of the well bore. Well No. 2 shows an isothermal gradient down to the level of the regional water table and then shows a linear gradient of about 70/sup 0/C/km from the regional water table to total depth.

Youngquist, W.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Longitudinal Load and Cascading Failure Risk Assessment (CASE)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report documents an easy, accurate, and economical method to assess the cascading potential of a transmission line. Using this method, utilities can quickly identify lines or line sections that have a high potential to cascade and, therefore, a reduced level of reliability.

1997-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

73

Cascading Failures in Smart Grid -Benefits of Distributed Generation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cascading Failures in Smart Grid - Benefits of Distributed Generation Xian Chen, Hieu Dinh, Bing reliability and reducing the risk of cascading blackouts is a critical issue. Smart grid is envisioned Wang Computer Science & Engineering Department, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269 Abstract--Smart

Wang, Bing

74

Beyond the Price Effect in Time-of-Use Programs: Results from...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Beyond the Price Effect in Time-of-Use Programs: Results from a Municipal Utility Pilot, 2007-2008 NOTICE Due to the current lapse of federal funding, Berkeley Lab websites are...

75

A graphics processor-based intranuclear cascade and evaporation simulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Monte Carlo simulations of the transport of protons in human tissue have been deployed on graphics processing units (GPUs) with impressive results. To provide a more complete treatment of non-elastic nuclear interactions in these simulations, we developed a fast intranuclear cascade-evaporation simulation for the GPU. This can be used to model non-elastic proton collisions on any therapeutically relevant nuclei at incident energies between 20 and 250 MeV. Predictions are in good agreement with Geant4.9.6p2. It takes approximately 2 s to calculate $1\\times 10^6$ 200 MeV proton-$^{16}$O interactions on a NVIDIA GTX680 GPU. A speed-up factor of $\\sim$20 relative to one Intel i7-3820 core processor thread was achieved.

H. Wan Chan Tseung; C. Beltran

2013-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

76

Field Mapping At Cascades Region (Ingebritsen & Mariner, 2010) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

source source History View New Pages Recent Changes All Special Pages Semantic Search/Querying Get Involved Help Apps Datasets Community Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Field Mapping At Cascades Region (Ingebritsen & Mariner, 2010) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Field Mapping At Cascades Region (Ingebritsen & Mariner, 2010) Exploration Activity Details Location Cascades Geothermal Region Exploration Technique Field Mapping Activity Date Usefulness not indicated DOE-funding Unknown References S. E. Ingebritsen, R. H. Mariner (2010) Hydrothermal Heat Discharge In The Cascade Range, Northwestern United States Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Field_Mapping_At_Cascades_Region_(Ingebritsen_%26_Mariner,_2010)&oldid=510730"

77

Cascade Sierra Solutions CSS | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sierra Solutions CSS Sierra Solutions CSS Jump to: navigation, search Name Cascade Sierra Solutions (CSS) Place Coburg, Oregon Zip 97408-1313 Product Oregon-based, non-profit organization dedicated to saving fuel and reducing emissions from heavy-duty diesel engines. Coordinates 50.263202°, 10.966202° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":50.263202,"lon":10.966202,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

78

LNG cascading damage study. Volume I, fracture testing report.  

SciTech Connect

As part of the liquefied natural gas (LNG) Cascading Damage Study, a series of structural tests were conducted to investigate the thermal induced fracture of steel plate structures. The thermal stresses were achieved by applying liquid nitrogen (LN{sub 2}) onto sections of each steel plate. In addition to inducing large thermal stresses, the lowering of the steel temperature simultaneously reduced the fracture toughness. Liquid nitrogen was used as a surrogate for LNG due to safety concerns and since the temperature of LN{sub 2} is similar (-190 C) to LNG (-161 C). The use of LN{sub 2} ensured that the tests could achieve cryogenic temperatures in the range an actual vessel would encounter during a LNG spill. There were four phases to this test series. Phase I was the initial exploratory stage, which was used to develop the testing process. In the Phase II series of tests, larger plates were used and tested until fracture. The plate sizes ranged from 4 ft square pieces to 6 ft square sections with thicknesses from 1/4 inches to 3/4 inches. This phase investigated the cooling rates on larger plates and the effect of different notch geometries (stress concentrations used to initiate brittle fracture). Phase II was divided into two sections, Phase II-A and Phase II-B. Phase II-A used standard A36 steel, while Phase II-B used marine grade steels. In Phase III, the test structures were significantly larger, in the range of 12 ft by 12 ft by 3 ft high. These structures were designed with more complex geometries to include features similar to those on LNG vessels. The final test phase, Phase IV, investigated differences in the heat transfer (cooling rates) between LNG and LN{sub 2}. All of the tests conducted in this study are used in subsequent parts of the LNG Cascading Damage Study, specifically the computational analyses.

Petti, Jason P.; Kalan, Robert J.

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

The Puzzle of Asymmetric Effects of Oil: New Results from International Stock Markets ?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Previous work has documented that oil price changes have nonlinear effects in the economy and in stock market returns. We show that the nonlinear effects are different depending on whether countries are energy dependent or not. While price soars seem to have a negative effect on the stock markets of oil energy dependent countries, they have a positive effect on the stock markets of oil exporting countries. Stock market returns are negatively affected by oil price volatility in energy dependent countries and positively in oil exporting countries. Moreover, we find bi-directional effects between oil price increases and some oil volatility measures that can be reinforced with volatility feedback. The asymmetric effects found in oil dependent and oil exporting countries seem to fit into the offset mechanism proposed in the literature where oil price shocks interact both with oil price volatility and the economy. The results are also consistent with the finding that oil exporting countries benefit economically from oil price hikes.

unknown authors

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Heat flow in the Oregon Cascade Range and its correlation with regional gravity, Curie point depths, and geology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Heat flow measurements from several deep wells (up to 2,500 m deep), as well as extensive new data from industry exploration efforts in the Breitenbush and the Santiam Pass-Belknap/Foley areas are described. The heat flow is about 100 mW m{sup {minus}2} in the High Cascade Range and at the eastern edge of the Western Cascade Range, and about 40-50 mW m{sup {minus}2} to the west in the outer arc block of the subduction zone. The gravity field in the Cascade Range has characteristics that can be closely related to the heat flow pattern. The relationship may be causal, and to examine the relationship in more detail, earlier two-dimensional modeling is extended to three dimensions. Consideration of the effects of a midcrustal density anomaly, such as might be associated with a region with at least areas of partial melt, as two major consequences. The first of these is that a high-frequency gravity gradient near the Western Cascade Range/High Cascade Range boundary is explained. Second, the negative gravity anomaly associated with the northeast/southwest striking regional Bouguer gravity anomaly associated with the north edge of the Blue Mountains becomes continuous across the Cascade Range with a similar feature along the north side of the Klamath Mountains. The correlation, or lack thereof, of the heat flow, depth to Curie point, gravity field, crustal electrical resistivity, crustal seismic velocity, and geology in the High/Western Cascade Ranges is summarized.

Blackwell, D.D.; Steele, J.L. (Southern Methodist Univ., Dallas, TX (USA)); Frohme, M.K. (Memphis State Univ., TN (USA)); Murphey, C.F. (Union Pacific Resources, Arlington, TX (USA)); Priest, G.R.; Black, G.L. (Dept. of Geological and Mineral Industries, Portland, OR (USA))

1990-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

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81

Cascade Natural Gas - Conservation Incentives for New Homes | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cascade Natural Gas - Conservation Incentives for New Homes Cascade Natural Gas - Conservation Incentives for New Homes Cascade Natural Gas - Conservation Incentives for New Homes < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Heating & Cooling Construction Commercial Heating & Cooling Design & Remodeling Sealing Your Home Ventilation Heating Appliances & Electronics Water Heating Program Info State District of Columbia Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount High Efficiency Natural Gas Furnace: $150 High Efficiency Natural Gas Hearth: $70 Conventional Natural Gas Water Heater: $40 Condensing Tankless Water Heater: $200 Combined Domestic Water/Hydronic Space Heating System (usingTankless Water Heater): $800 Energy Star Certified Home: $350 Energy Star Certified Plus Home: $750

82

Recent Results on Fusion of Effective Retrieval Strategies in the Same Information Retrieval System1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent Results on Fusion of Effective Retrieval Strategies in the Same Information Retrieval System Information Retrieval Laboratory Department of Computer Science Illinois Institute of Technology Chicago, IL information retrieval system. Furthermore, our experiments have shown that the ratio of relevant to non

83

Cascaded Multiple Classifiers for Secondary Structure Prediction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe a new classifier for protein secondary structure prediction which is formed by cascading together different types of classifiers using neural networks and linear discrimination. The new classifier achieves an accuracy of 76.7% (assessed by a rigorous full Jack-knife procedure) on a new non-redundant dataset of 496 non-homologous sequences (obtained from G.J. Barton and J.A. Cuff). This database was especially designed to train and test protein secondary structure prediction methods, and it uses a more stringent definition of homologous sequence than in previous studies. We show that it is possible to design classifiers which can highly discriminate the 3 classes (H, E, C) with an accuracy of up to 78% for b-strands, using only a local window and resampling techniques. This indicates that the importance of long range interactions for the prediction of b-strands has been previously overestimated. 2 Introduction Although the protein folding process may require catalysts suc...

Mohammed Ouali; Ross D. King

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

Principal facts and a discussion of terrain correction methods for the complete Bouguer gravity anomaly map of the Cascade Mountains, Washington  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Since 1974, the Division of Geology and Earth Resources, in conjunction with the US Department of Energy, has supported gravity studies in the Cascade Mountains of Washington State. Results of the Cascade gravity project are summarized graphically as a complete Bouguer gravity anomaly map of the Cascade Mountains, Washington (Danes and Phillips, 1983). This report provides supplementary data and documentation for the complete Bouguer gravity anomaly map. Presented are principal gravity facts, simple Bouguer and Free-air gravity anomalies, computational methods, error analysis and a discussion of terrain corrections.

Danes, Z.F.; Phillips, W.M.

1983-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Cascade Fuzzy Logic Controller for an Anaerobic Digester  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A cascade controller is introduced for operating Up flow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket (UASB) digesters efficiently. The Upper-level controller is a Fuzzy Logic Controller (FLC) and the Lower-level controller is a conventional PI controller. The inner loop ...

Albino Martinez-Sibaja; Ruben Posada-Gomez; Alejandro Alvarado-Lassman; Angel Sebastia-Cortes

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Endo-selective epoxide-opening cascades in water  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chapter I. Introduction to the Ladder Polyethers. We introduce the bioactivity of the ladder polyether natural products and provide an overview of the puzzle that is their biogenesis. Cascades of endo-selective epoxide ...

Morten, Christopher J. (Christopher John)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Statistical analysis of cascading failures in power grids  

SciTech Connect

We introduce a new microscopic model of cascading failures in transmission power grids. This model accounts for automatic response of the grid to load fluctuations that take place on the scale of minutes, when optimum power flow adjustments and load shedding controls are unavailable. We describe extreme events, caused by load fluctuations, which cause cascading failures of loads, generators and lines. Our model is quasi-static in the causal, discrete time and sequential resolution of individual failures. The model, in its simplest realization based on the Directed Current description of the power flow problem, is tested on three standard IEEE systems consisting of 30, 39 and 118 buses. Our statistical analysis suggests a straightforward classification of cascading and islanding phases in terms of the ratios between average number of removed loads, generators and links. The analysis also demonstrates sensitivity to variations in line capacities. Future research challenges in modeling and control of cascading outages over real-world power networks are discussed.

Chertkov, Michael [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Pfitzner, Rene [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Turitsyn, Konstantin [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Characterization and analysis of highly diagonal Terahertz Quantum Cascade Lasers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The as yet unattained milestone of room-temperature operation is essential for establishing Terahertz Quantum Cascade Lasers (THz QCLs) as practical sources of THz radiation. Temperature performance is hypothesized to be ...

Chan, Chun Wang Ivan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Terahertz quantum cascade lasers and video-rate THz imaging  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transitions between subbands in semiconductor quantum wells were suggested as a method to generate long wavelength radiation at customizable frequencies. The recently developed THz quantum-cascade lasers (QCL) hold great ...

Hu, Qing

90

Hydrothermal Heat Discharge In The Cascade Range, Northwestern United  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Page Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon » Hydrothermal Heat Discharge In The Cascade Range, Northwestern United States Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Hydrothermal Heat Discharge In The Cascade Range, Northwestern United States Details Activities (3) Areas (1) Regions (0) Abstract: Hydrothermal heat discharge in the Cascade Range includes the heat discharged by thermal springs, by "slightly thermal" springs that are only a few degrees warmer than ambient temperature, and by fumaroles. Thermal-spring heat discharge is calculated on the basis of chloride-flux measurements and geothermometer temperatures and totals ~ 240 MW in the U.S. part of the Cascade Range, excluding the transient post-1980 discharge

91

EA-1893: Canby Cascaded Geothermal Development System, Canby, California |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

93: Canby Cascaded Geothermal Development System, Canby, 93: Canby Cascaded Geothermal Development System, Canby, California EA-1893: Canby Cascaded Geothermal Development System, Canby, California Summary This EA will evaluate the environmental impacts of a proposal by Modoc Contracting Company to use DOE grant funds to fulfill its plan to expand its reliance on geothermal resources by producing more hot water and using it to produce power as well as thermal energy. The goal of the project is to complete a cascaded geothermal system that generates green power for the local community, provides thermal energy to support greenhouse and aquaculture operation, provide sustainable thermal energy for residential units, and eliminate the existing geothermal discharge to a local river. NOTE: NOTE: This EA has been cancelled.

92

Cascade and Damping of Alfvén-Cyclotron Fluctuations: Application to Solar Wind Turbulence Spectrum  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

With the diffusion approximation, we study the cascade and damping of Alfv\\'{e}n-cyclotron fluctuations in solar plasmas numerically. Motivated by wave-wave couplings and nonlinear effects, we test several forms of the diffusion tensor. For a general locally anisotropic and inhomogeneous diffusion tensor in the wave vector space, the turbulence spectrum in the inertial range can be fitted with power-laws with the power-law index varying with the wave propagation direction. For several locally isotropic but inhomogeneous diffusion coefficients, the steady-state turbulence spectra are nearly isotropic in the absence of damping and can be fitted by a single power-law function. However, the energy flux is strongly polarized due to the inhomogeneity that leads to an anisotropic cascade. Including the anisotropic thermal damping, the turbulence spectrum cuts off at the wave numbers, where the damping rates become comparable to the cascade rates. The combined anisotropic effects of cascade and damping make this cutoff wave number dependent on the wave propagation direction, and the propagation direction integrated turbulence spectrum resembles a broken power-law, which cuts off at the maximum of the cutoff wave numbers or the $^4$He cyclotron frequency. Taking into account the Doppler effects, the model can naturally reproduce the broken power-law wave spectra observed in the solar wind and predicts that a higher break frequency is aways accompanied with a greater spectral index change that may be caused by the increase of the Alfv\\'{e}n Mach number, the reciprocal of the plasma beta, and/or the angle between the solar wind velocity and the mean magnetic field. These predictions can be tested by future observations.

Yan Wei Jiang; Siming Liu; Vahé Petrosian; Christopher L. Fryer

2008-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

93

Coevolution of inverse cascade and nonlinear heat front in shear flows of strongly coupled Yukawa liquids  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Using classical molecular dynamics (MD) simulations, we report on the development and propagation of a nonlinear heat front in parallel shear flows of a strongly coupled Yukawa liquid. At a given coupling strength, a subsonic shear profile is superposed on an equilibrated Yukawa liquid and Kelvin Helmholtz (KH) instability is observed. Coherent vortices are seen to emerge towards the nonlinear regime of the instability. It is seen that while inverse cascade leads to a continuous transfer of flow energy towards the largest scales, there is also a simultaneous transfer of flow energy into the thermal velocities of grains at the smallest scale. The latter is an effect of velocity shear and thus leads to the generation of a nonlinear heat front. In the linear regime, the heat front is seen to propagate at speed much lesser than the adiabatic sound speed of the liquid. Spatio-temporal growth of this heat front occurs concurrently with the inverse cascade of KH modes.

Ashwin, J.; Ganesh, R. [Institute for Plasma Research, Bhat, Gandhinagar 382428, Gujarat (India)

2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

94

The effect of the recoil energy window on the results of direct dark matter experiments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The effect of the chosen analysis energy window on the results of a dark matter experiment is exemplified by the curious intersection of the exclusion plots of the XENON10 and the CDMS experiments. After proving that the narrow energy window XENON10 chose to analyze is indeed the cause of such intersection, a method to determine the high-energy extreme of the recoil energy window an experiment should use is obtained.

F. Giuliani

2009-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

95

Mechanical and thermal design of the Cascade reactor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present an improved Cascade fusion reaction chamber that is optimized with respect to chamber radius, wall thickness, and pebble blanket outlet temperature. We show results of a parameter study where we varied chamber radius from 3 to 6 m, wall thickness from 15 to 80 mm, and blanket outlet temperature from 900 to 1400 K. Based on these studies, we achieved an optimized chamber with 50% the volume of the original design and 60% of its blanket. Chamber radius is only 4.4 m and its half length is only 5.9 m, decreased from the original 5-m radius and 8-m half-length. In our optimization method, we calculate both thermal and mechanical stresses resulting from x-ray, fusion-pellet-debris, and neutron-generated momentum, pressure from ablated material, centrifugal action, vacuum inside the chamber, and gravity. We add the mechanical stresses to thermal stresses and keep the total less than the yield stress. Further, we require that fluctuations in these stresses be less than that which would produce creep-fatigue failure within the chamber 30-year lifetime.

Pitts, J.H.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Are there significant hydrothermal resources in the US part of the Cascade Range?  

SciTech Connect

The Cascade Range is a geothermal dichotomy. On the one hand, it is an active volcanic arc above a subducting plate and is demonstrably an area of high heat flow. On the other hand, the distribution of hydrothermal manifestations compared to other volcanic arcs is sparse, and the hydrothermal outflow calculated from stream chemistry is low. Several large estimates of undiscovered geothermal resources in the U.S. part of the Cascade Range prepared in the 1970s and early 1980s were based fundamentally on two models of the upper crust. One model assumed that large, partly molten, intrusive bodies exist in the upper 10 km beneath major volcanic centers and serve as the thermal engines driving overlying hydrothermal systems. The other model interpreted the coincident heat-flow and gravity gradients west of the Cascade crest in central Oregon to indicate a partly molten heat source at 10 {+-} 2 km depth extending {approx}30 km west from the axis of the range. Investigations of the past ten years have called both models into question. Large long-lived high-temperature hydrothermal systems at depths <3 km in the U.S. part of the Cascade Range appear to be restricted to silicic domefields at the Lassen volcanic center, Medicine Lake volcano, Newberry volcano, and possibly the Three Sisters. Federal land-use restrictions further reduce this list to Medicine Lake and Newberry. Dominantly andesitic stratocones appear to support only small transitory hydrothermal systems related to small intrusive bodies along the volcanic conduits. The only young caldera, at Crater Lake, supports only low- to intermediate-temperature hydrothermal systems. Most of the Cascade Range comprises basaltic andesites and has little likelihood for high-level silicic intrusions and virtually no potential for resultant large high-temperature hydrothermal systems. Undiscovered hydrothermal resources of the Cascade Range of the United States are substantially lower than previous estimates. The range does have potential for intermediate-temperature hot dry rock and localized low- to intermediate-temperature hydrothermal systems.

Muffler, L.J. Patrick; Guffanti, Marianne

1995-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

97

Nonlinear evolution of the plasma beat wave: Compressing the laser beat notes via electromagnetic cascading  

SciTech Connect

The near-resonant beat wave excitation of an electron plasma wave (EPW) can be employed for generating the trains of few-femtosecond electromagnetic (EM) pulses in rarefied plasmas. The EPW produces a comoving index grating that induces a laser phase modulation at the difference frequency. As a result, the cascade of sidebands red and blue shifted by integer multiples of the beat frequency is generated in the laser spectrum. The bandwidth of the phase-modulated laser is proportional to the product of the plasma length, laser wavelength, and amplitude of the electron density perturbation. When the beat frequency is lower than the electron plasma frequency, the redshifted spectral components are advanced in time with respect to the blueshifted ones near the center of each laser beat note. The group velocity dispersion of plasma compresses so chirped beat notes to a few-laser-cycle duration thus creating a train of sharp EM spikes with the beat periodicity. Depending on the plasma and laser parameters, chirping and compression can be implemented either concurrently in the same, or sequentially in different plasmas. Evolution of the laser beat wave and electron density perturbations is described in time and one spatial dimension in a weakly relativistic approximation. Using the compression effect, we demonstrate that the relativistic bistability regime of the EPW excitation [G. Shvets, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 195004 (2004)] can be achieved with the initially subthreshold beat wave pulse.

Kalmykov, Serguei; Shvets, Gennady [Department of Physics and Institute for Fusion Studies, University of Texas at Austin, One University Station C1500, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States)

2006-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

98

THE TURBULENT CASCADE AND PROTON HEATING IN THE SOLAR WIND DURING SOLAR MINIMUM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The recently protracted solar minimum provided years of interplanetary data that were largely absent in any association with observed large-scale transient behavior on the Sun. With large-scale shear at 1 AU generally isolated to corotating interaction regions, it is reasonable to ask whether the solar wind is significantly turbulent at this time. We perform a series of third-moment analyses using data from the Advanced Composition Explorer. We show that the solar wind at 1 AU is just as turbulent as at any other time in the solar cycle. Specifically, the turbulent cascade of energy scales in the same manner proportional to the product of wind speed and temperature. Energy cascade rates during solar minimum average a factor of 2-4 higher than during solar maximum, but we contend that this is likely the result of having a different admixture of high-latitude sources.

Coburn, Jesse T.; Smith, Charles W.; Vasquez, Bernard J. [Physics Department and Space Science Center, Institute for the Study of Earth, Oceans, and Space, University of New Hampshire, Durham, NH (United States); Stawarz, Joshua E. [Department of Astrophysical and Planetary Sciences, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, CA (United States); Forman, Miriam A., E-mail: jtu46@wildcats.unh.edu, E-mail: Charles.Smith@unh.edu, E-mail: Bernie.Vasquez@unh.edu, E-mail: Joshua.Stawarz@Colorado.edu, E-mail: Miriam.Forman@sunysb.edu [Department of Physics and Astronomy, State University of New York at Stony Brook, Stony Brook, NY (United States)

2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Preparation of Residual Gravity Maps for the Southern Cascade Mountains, Washington Using Fourier Analysis  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report represents a continuation of gravity work in the Cascade Mountains of Washington supported by the Division of Geology and Earth Resources since 1974. The purpose of this research has been collection of baseline gravity data for use in geothermal resource evaluation. Results of the Division's gravity studies to date are given in Danes and Phillips (1983a, 1983b). One of the problems encountered when analyzing gravity data is distinguishing between those parts of the data that represent geologic structures of interest, and those that do not. In many cases, the features of interest are relatively small, near-surface features, such as those sought in mineral, petroleum, or geothermal exploration. Gravity anomalies caused by such structures may be distorted or masked by anomalies caused by larger, deeper geologic structures. Gravity anomalies caused by relatively shallow, small geologic structures are termed residual anomalies. Those due to broad, deep-seated features can be described as regional anomalies. The purpose of this report is to describe a Fourier analysis method for separating residual and regional gravity anomalies from a complete Bouguer gravity anomaly field. The technique has been applied to gravity data from the Southern Cascade Mountains, Washington. Residual gravity anomaly maps at a scale of 1:250,000 are presented for various regional wavelength filters, and a power spectrum of the frequency components in the South Cascade gravity data is displayed. No attempt is made to interpret the results of this study in terms of geologic structures.

Dishberger, Debra McLean

1983-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Commercial Standard 90.1 Cost-Effectiveness Analysis and Results | Building  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Site Map Printable Version Development Adoption Compliance Regulations Resource Center Commercial Standard 90.1 Cost-Effectiveness Analysis and Results The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) supports the development of cost-effective energy codes and standards to increase efficiency in residential and commercial buildings. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) conducted a series of cost analyses for ANSI/ASHRAE/IES Standard 90.1: Energy Standard for Buildings Except Low-Rise Residential Buildings - the commercial model energy code. The cost analyses compare Standard 90.1-2010 to the prior 2007 edition, based on six prototype buildings in five representative U.S. climate zones. PNNL also conducted energy savings analysis for Standard 90.1-2010 and the commercial requirements of the

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "resulting cascading effect" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Status of Some Exact Results on Conformally Invariant Effective String Theories  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Numerical studies of Flux Tubes in d = 3,4 QCD and the strong evidence thereby for them being described by free Bosonic String theory to order R{sup -}3, where R is the string length, will be briefly reviewed. The Polchinski-Strominger Effective String Theory approach and our recent work in constructing them to all orders will then be described. A proof will be presented that to all orders these theories have the same spectrum as free Bosonic String Theory. I will conclude my attempts to compliment these results on the basis of canonical QFT and the implications for QCD-Strings.

Dass, N. D. Hari [Centre for High Energy Physics, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012 (India)

2011-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

102

CONSERVATIVE CASCADE OF KINETIC ENERGY IN COMPRESSIBLE TURBULENCE  

SciTech Connect

The physical nature of compressible turbulence is of fundamental importance in a variety of astrophysical settings. We investigate the question: 'At what scales does the mechanism of pressure-dilatation operate?' and present the first direct evidence that mean kinetic energy cascades conservatively beyond a transitional 'conversion' scale range despite not being an invariant of the dynamics. We use high-resolution 1024{sup 3} subsonic and transonic simulations. The key quantity we measure is the pressure-dilatation cospectrum, E{sup PD}(k), where we show that it decays at a rate faster than k{sup -1} in wavenumber in at least the subsonic and transonic regimes. This is sufficient to imply that mean pressure-dilatation acts primarily at large scales and that kinetic and internal energy budgets statistically decouple beyond a transitional scale range. However, we observe that small-scale dynamics remains highly compressible locally in space and that the statistical decoupling in the energy budgets is unrelated to the existence of a subsonic scale range. Our results suggest that an extension of Kolmogorov's inertial-range theory to compressible turbulence is possible.

Aluie, Hussein; Li Shengtai; Li, Hui [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545 (United States)

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

103

Photon polarisation in electron-seeded pair-creation cascades  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An electromagnetic pair-creation cascade seeded by an electron or a photon in an intense plane wave interacts in a complicated way with the external field. Many simulations neglect the vector nature of photons by including their interaction using unpolarised cross-sections. After deriving rates for the tree-level processes of nonlinear Compton scattering and pair creation with an arbitrary linearly-polarised photon in a constant-crossed field, we present results of numerical simulations that include the photon's vector nature. The simulations of seed electrons in a rotating electric field of optical frequency on the one hand support the approximation of using unpolarised cross-sections for tree-level processes, which predicts the same number of created particles when using polarised cross-section to within around 5 percent. On the other hand, these simulations show that when the polarisation of the photon can be influenced by its environment, the asymmetry in the polarisation distribution could be used to significantly increase the rates of each process.

B. King; N. Elkina; H. Ruhl

2013-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

104

The conservative cascade of kinetic energy in compressible turbulence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The physical nature of compressible turbulence is of fundamental importance in a variety of astrophysical settings. We present the first direct evidence that mean kinetic energy cascades conservatively beyond a transitional "conversion" scale-range despite not being an invariant of the compressible flow dynamics. We use high-resolution three-dimensional simulations of compressible hydrodynamic turbulence on $512^3$ and $1024^3$ grids. We probe regimes of forced steady-state isothermal flows and of unforced decaying ideal gas flows. The key quantity we measure is pressure dilatation cospectrum, $E^{PD}(k)$, where we provide the first numerical evidence that it decays at a rate faster than $k^{-1}$ as a function of wavenumber. This is sufficient to imply that mean pressure dilatation acts primarily at large-scales and that kinetic and internal energy budgets statistically decouple beyond a transitional scale-range. Our results suggest that an extension of Kolmogorov's inertial-range theory to compressible turbulence is possible.

Hussein Aluie; Shengtai Li; Hui Li

2011-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

105

The conservative cascade of kinetic energy in compressible turbulence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The physical nature of compressible turbulence is of fundamental importance in a variety of astrophysical settings. We present the first direct evidence that mean kinetic energy cascades conservatively beyond a transitional "conversion" scale-range despite not being an invariant of the compressible flow dynamics. We use high-resolution three-dimensional simulations of compressible hydrodynamic turbulence on $512^3$ and $1024^3$ grids. We probe regimes of forced steady-state isothermal flows and of unforced decaying ideal gas flows. The key quantity we measure is pressure dilatation cospectrum, $E^{PD}(k)$, where we provide the first numerical evidence that it decays at a rate faster than $k^{-1}$ as a function of wavenumber. This is sufficient to imply that mean pressure dilatation acts primarily at large-scales and that kinetic and internal energy budgets statistically decouple beyond a transitional scale-range. Our results suggest that an extension of Kolmogorov's inertial-range theory to compressible turbu...

Aluie, Hussein; Li, Hui

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

On optimal wavelet bases for the realization of microcanonical cascade INRIA Bordeaux Sud-Ouest. 351 Cours de la Liberation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

,37 traffic distribution,32 ocean circulation46,53 and even stock market analysis.23 can be understood as the result of a successive transfer of information in cascade from large to small.1142/S0219691311003943 #12;2 O. Pont, A. Turiel & C. J. P´erez-Vicente developed turbulence, energy

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

107

Application of immune algorithm-based particle swarm optimization for optimized load distribution among cascade hydropower stations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The immune algorithm-based particle swarm optimization (IA-PSO), which is proposed by involving the immune information processing mechanism into the original particle swarm optimal algorithm, improves the ability to find the globally excellent result ... Keywords: Cascade hydropower stations, Immune algorithm, Load distribution, PSO

Anqiang Li; Liping Wang; Jiqing Li; Changming Ji

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

108

Fundamental Frequency Switching Control of Seven-Level Hybrid Cascaded H-bridge Multilevel Inverter  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a cascaded H-bridge multilevel inverter that can be implemented using only a single dc power source and capacitors. Standard cascaded multilevel inverters require n dc sources for 2n + 1 levels. Without requiring transformers, the scheme proposed here allows the use of a single dc power source (e.g., a battery or a fuel cell stack) with the remaining n-1 dc sources being capacitors, which is referred to as hybrid cascaded H-bridge multilevel inverter (HCMLI) in this paper. It is shown that the inverter can simultaneously maintain the dc voltage level of the capacitors and choose a fundamental frequency switching pattern to produce a nearly sinusoidal output. HCMLI using only a single dc source for each phase is promising for high-power motor drive applications as it significantly decreases the number of required dc power supplies, provides high-quality output power due to its high number of output levels, and results in high conversion efficiency and low thermal stress as it uses a fundamental frequency switching scheme. This paper mainly discusses control of seven-level HCMLI with fundamental frequency switching control and how its modulation index range can be extended using triplen harmonic compensation.

Du, Zhong [ORNL; Chiasson, John N [ORNL; Ozpineci, Burak [ORNL; Tolbert, Leon M [ORNL

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Canby Cascaded Project Geothermal Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Canby Cascaded Project Geothermal Project Canby Cascaded Project Geothermal Project Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Development Project: Canby Cascaded Project Geothermal Project Project Location Information Coordinates 41.443888888889°, -120.87027777778° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":41.443888888889,"lon":-120.87027777778,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

110

Cascade Natural Gas - Commercial Efficiency Rebate Program | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cascade Natural Gas - Commercial Efficiency Rebate Program Cascade Natural Gas - Commercial Efficiency Rebate Program Cascade Natural Gas - Commercial Efficiency Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Savings Category Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Appliances & Electronics Sealing Your Home Design & Remodeling Windows, Doors, & Skylights Water Heating Program Info State District of Columbia Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount HVAC Unit Heater: $1.50-$3 / kBtuh input Warm Air Furnace: $3.00 / kBtuh input Direct Fired Radiant Heating: $6.50 / kBtuh input Boiler: $4.00 / kBtuh input Boiler Vent Damper: $1,000 Boiler Steam Trap: $80 DHW Energy Star Tankless Water Heaters: $60 / gpm Domestic Hot Water Tank: $2.50 / kBtuh input

111

Analysis of gas centrifuge cascade for separation of multicomponent isotopes and optimal feed position  

SciTech Connect

Analysis of the concentration distribution in a gas centrifuge cascade for separation of multicomponent isotope mixtures is different from that in a cascade for separation of two-component mixtures. This paper presents the governing equations for a multicomponent isotope separation cascade. Numerically predicted separation factors for the gas centrifuge cascade agree well with the experimental data. A theoretical optimal feed position is derived for a short square cascade for a two-component mixture in a close-separation case. The optimal feed position for a gas centrifuge cascade for separation of multicomponent mixture is discussed.

Chuntong Ying; Hongjiang Wu; Mingsheng Zhou; Yuguang Nie; Guangjun Liu [Tsinghua Univ., Beijing (China)

1997-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

112

Active-region designs in quantum cascade lasers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper analyses the development of active-region designs in quantum cascade lasers. Active-region designs have been demonstrated to date that employ various radiative transitions (vertical, diagonal, interminiband and interband). The lower laser level is depopulated through nonradiative transitions, such as one- or two-phonon (and even three-phonon) relaxation or bound state {yields} continuum transitions. Advances in active-region designs and energy diagram optimisation in the past few years have led to significant improvements in important characteristics of quantum cascade lasers, such as their output power, emission bandwidth, characteristic temperature and efficiency. (invited paper)

Zasavitskii, I I [P N Lebedev Physical Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation)

2012-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

113

Prototype Test Results of the Solar Tower Atmospheric Cherenkov Effect Experiment (STACEE)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There are currently no experiments, either satellite or ground-based, that are sensitive to astrophysical gamma-rays at energies between 20 and 250 GeV. We are developing the Solar Tower Atmospheric Cherenkov Effect Experiment (STACEE) to explore this energy range. STACEE will use heliostat mirrors at a solar research facility to collect Cherenkov light from extensive air showers produced by high energy gamma-rays. Here we report on the results of prototype test work at the solar facility of Sandia National Laboratories (Albuquerque, NM). The work demonstrates that the facility is suitable for use as an astrophysical observatory. In addition, using a full scale prototype of part of STACEE, we detected atmospheric Cherenkov radiation at energies lower than any other ground-based experiment to date.

STACEE Collaboration

1997-04-03T23:59:59.000Z

114

Demonstration Results on the Effects of Mercury Speciation on the Stabilization of Wastes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Mercury-contaminated wastes are currently being stored at approximately 19 Department of Energy sites, the volume of which is estimated to be about 16m(sup)3. These wastes exist in various forms including soil, sludges, and debris, which present a particular challenge regarding possible mercury stabilization methods. This reports provides the test results of three vendors, Allied Technology Group, IT Corporation, and Nuclear Fuel Services, Inc., that demonstrate the effects of mercury speciation on the stabilization of the mercury wastes. Mercury present in concentrations that exceed 260 parts per million must be removed by extraction methods and requires stabilization to ensure that the final wasteforms leach less than 0.2mg/L of mercury by the Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure or 0.025 mg/L using the Universal Treatment Standard.

Conley, T.B.; Hulet, G.A.; Morris, M.I.; Osborne-Lee, I.W.

1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

Dislocation Core Effects on Mobility , Vasily V. Bulatov1  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

lifetime depends on the exact combination of defects left as a result of cascade debris. As mentioned above

Cai, Wei

116

Cascade geothermal drilling/corehole N-1  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Two core holes have been completed on the flanks of Newberry Volcano, Oregon. Core hole GEO N-1 has a heat flow of 180 mWm-2 reflecting subsurface temperature sufficient for commerical exploitation of geothermally generated electricity. GEO N-3, which has a heat flow of 86 mWm-2, is less encouraging. Considerable emphasis has been placed on the ''rain curtain'' effect with the hope that a detailed discussion of this phenomenon at two distinct localities will lead to a better understanding of the physical processes in operation. Core hole GEO N-1 was cored to a depth of 1387 m at a site located 9.3 km south of the center of the volcano. Core hole GEO N-3 was cored to a depth of 1220 m at a site located 12.6 km north of the center of the volcano. Both core holes penetrated interbedded pyroclastic lava flows and lithic tuffs ranging in composition from basalt to rhyolite with basaltic andesite being the most common rock type. Potassium-argon age dates range up to 2 Ma. Difficult drilling conditions were encountered in both core holes at depths near the regional water table. Additionally, both core holes penetrate three distinct thermal regimes (isothermal (the rain curtain), transition, and conductive) each having its own unique features based on geophysical logs, fluid geochemistry, age dates, and rock alteration. Smectite alteration, which seems to control the results of surface geoelectrical studies, begins in the isothermal regime close to and perhaps associated with the regional water table. 28 refs., 15 figs., 2 tabs.

Swanberg, C.A.; Combs, J. (Geothermal Resources International, Inc., San Mateo, CA (USA)); Walkey, W.C. (GEO Operator Corp., Bend, OR (USA))

1988-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

117

Cascade geothermal drilling/corehole N-3  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Two core holes have been completed on the flanks of Newberry Volcano, Oregon. Core holes GEO N-1 has a heat flow of 180 mWm-2 reflecting subsurface temperature sufficient for commercial exploitation of geothermally generated electricity. GEO N-3, which has a heat flow of 86 mWm-2, is less encouraging. Considerable emphasis has been placed on the rain curtain'' effect with the hope that a detailed discussion of this phenomenon at two distinct localities will lead to a better understanding of the physical processes in operation. Core hole GEO N-1 was cored to a depth of 1387 m at a site located 9.3 km south of the center of the volcano. Core hole GEO N-3 was cored to a depth of 1220 m at a site located 12.6 km north of the center of the volcano. Both core holes penetrated interbedded pyroclastic lava flows and lithic tuffs ranging in composition from basalt to rhyolite with basaltic andesite being the most common rock type. Potassium-argon age dates range up to 2 Ma. Difficult drilling conditions were encountered in both core holes at depths near the regional water table. Additionally, both core holes penetrate three distinct thermal regimes (isothermal (the rain curtain), transition, and conductive) each having its own unique features based on geophysical logs, fluid geochemistry, age dates, and rock alteration. Smectite alteration, which seems to control the results of surface geoelectrical studies, begins in the isothermal regime close to and perhaps associated with the regional water table.

Swanberg, C.A.

1988-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

118

Molecular dynamics simulation of displacement cascades in FeCr alloys  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Molecular dynamics simulation of displacement cascades in Fe­Cr alloys L. Malerba a,*, D. Terentyev by displacement cascades in the relevant material. Molecular dynamics (MD) is well known to be the simulation tool

119

Longitudinal Loading and Cascading Failure Risk Assessment (CASE): Volume 2: Advanced Methods  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report documents an advanced methodology to assess cascading potential of a transmission line. Using this method, utilities can accurately identify lines or line sections that have a high potential to cascade and, therefore, a reduced level of reliability.

1997-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

120

Wind Farm Grid Voltage Stability Researching Based on Cascade STATCOM  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Though most wind turbine use induction generator, when wind induction generator with power generation, it will produce a series of power quality problems such as voltage fluctuations. This paper discusses the mathematical model of the wind induction ... Keywords: Wind induction generator, Cascade STATCOM, Wind farm, Voltage stability

Li Shengqing, Xu Wenxiang, Li Weizhou, Zeng Huanyue

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "resulting cascading effect" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

On construction sequence optimization of cascaded hydroelectric stations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In basin planning, many hydroelectric stations are to be constructed in a river in order to develop the water energy cascadedly. If there were no constraints on financial resources, material resources, and manpower, all the stations would be constructed ... Keywords: algorithm, hydroelectric station, optimization, profits

Xingming Sun; Huowang Chen; Jianping Yin; Xinhai Jin; Aiming Yang; Changyun Li

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Effective Compressibility of A Bubbly Slurry: II. Fitting Numerical Results to Field Data and Implications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The goal of this study is to fit model parameters to changes in waste level in response to barometric pressure changes in underground storage tanks at the Hanford Site. This waste compressibility is a measure of the quantity of gas, typically hydrogen and other flammable gases that can pose a safety hazard, retained in the waste. A one-dimensional biconical-pore-network model for compressibility of a bubbly slurry is presented in a companion paper. Fitting these results to actual waste level changes in the tanks implies that bubbles are long in the slurry layer and the ratio of pore-body radius to pore-throat radius is close to one; unfortunately, capillary effects can not be quantified unambiguously from the data without additional information on pore geometry. Therefore determining the quantity of gas in the tanks requires more than just slurry volume data. Similar ambiguity also exists with two other simple models: a capillary-tube model with contact angle hysteresis and spherical-p ore model.

Kam, Seung I. (PEMEX REFINACION); Gauglitz, Phillip A. (BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB)); Rossen, William R. (UNKNOWN)

2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Prediction and Control of Network Cascade: Example of Power Grid or Networking Adaptability from WMD Disruption and Cascading Failures  

SciTech Connect

The goal of the DTRA project is to develop a mathematical framework that will provide the fundamental understanding of network survivability, algorithms for detecting/inferring pre-cursors of abnormal network behaviors, and methods for network adaptability and self-healing from cascading failures.

Chertkov, Michael [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

124

Fast Detection and Mitigation of Cascading Outages in the Power System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation studies the causes and mechanism of power system cascading outages and proposes the improved interactive scheme between system-wide and local levels of monitoring and control to quickly detect, classify and mitigate the cascading outages in power system. A novel method for evaluating the vulnerability of individual components as well as the whole power system, which is named as weighted vulnerability analysis, is developed. Betweenness centrality is used to measure the importance of each bus and transmission line in the modeled power system network, which is in turn used to determine the weights for the weighted vulnerability index. It features fast reaction time and achieves higher accuracy when dealing with the cascading outage detection, classification and mitigation over the traditional methods. The overload problem due to power flow redistribution after one line tripped is a critical factor contributing to the cascading outages. A parallel corridor searching method is proposed to quickly identify the most vulnerable components after tripping a transmission line. The power system topology model can be simplified into state graph after searching the domains for each generator, the commons for each bus, and links between the commons. The parallel corridor will be determined by searching the links and commons in system topology graph for the given state of power system operation. During stressed operating state, either stable or unstable power swing may have impacts on distance relay judgment and lead to relay misoperation, which will result in the power system lines being tripped and as a consequence power system operating state becoming even more stressful. At the local level, an enhanced fault detection tool during power system swing is developed to reduce the chance of relay misoperation. Comprehensive simulation studies have been implemented by using the IEEE 39-bus and 118-bus test systems. The results are promising because: The results from weighted vulnerability analysis could provide better system situational awareness and accurate information about the disturbance; The results form parallel corridor search method could identify the most vulnerable lines after power re-distribution, which will give operator time to take remedial actions; The results from new travelling wave and wavelet transform based fault detection could reduce the impact of relay misoperation.

Pang, Chengzong

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Cascading Surge-Protective Devices: Options for Effective ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 20-mm varistor for the suppressor, both rated 150 V ... action shall be taken." The French utility* considers that ... Some utilities may even wish to have a ...

2013-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

126

Lattice QCD and Hydro/Cascade Model of Heavy Ion Collisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report here on a recent lattice study of the QCD transition region at finite temperature and zero chemical potential using domain wall fermions (DWF). We also present a parameterization of the QCD equation of state obtained from lattice QCD that is suitable for use in hydrodynamics studies of heavy ion collisions. Finally, we show preliminary results from a multi-stage hydrodynamics/hadron cascade model of a heavy ion collision, in an attempt to understand how well the experimental data (e.g. particle spectra, elliptic flow, and HBT radii) can constrain the inputs (e.g. initial temperature, freezeout temperature, shear viscosity, equation of state) of the theoretical model.

Michael Cheng

2010-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

127

Lattice QCD and Hydro/Cascade Model of Heavy Ion Collisions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report here on a recent lattice study of the QCD transition region at finite temperature and zero chemical potential using domain wall fermions (DWF). We also present a parameterization of the QCD equation of state obtained from lattice QCD that is suitable for use in hydrodynamics studies of heavy ion collisions. Finally, we show preliminary results from a multi-stage hydrodynamics/hadron cascade model of a heavy ion collision, in an attempt to understand how well the experimental data (e.g. particle spectra, elliptic flow, and HBT radii) can constrain the inputs (e.g. initial temperature, freezeout temperature, shear viscosity, equation of state) of the theoretical model.

Cheng, Michael

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

Background Data Results The other side The Effectiveness of Internet Content Filters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

engines. · Requires age screen for commercial porn. · Credit card number deemed adequate proof of age. #12: · How much porn is there on the Internet? · How often do people come across it? · How effective

Stark, Philip B.

129

Evaluation of Radar Multiple-Scattering Effects from a GPM Perspective. Part II: Model Results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Multiple-scattering effects as sensed by radars in configurations useful in the context of the Global Precipitation Mission (GPM) are evaluated for a range of meteorological profiles extracted from four different cloud-resolving model ...

A. Battaglia; M. O. Ajewole; C. Simmer

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

Do Photovoltaic Energy Systems Effect Residential Selling Prices? Results from a California Statewide Investigation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

has an effect on the sale price of PV homes (i.e. a fixedadjusted selling prices between PV and non-PV homes dividedIf differences in selling prices exist between PV and non-PV

Hoen, Ben

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Cascade heat recovery with coproduct gas production  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for the integration of a chemical absorption separation of oxygen and nitrogen from air with a combustion process is set forth wherein excess temperature availability from the combustion process is more effectively utilized to desorb oxygen product from the absorbent and then the sensible heat and absorption reaction heat is further utilized to produce a high temperature process stream. The oxygen may be utilized to enrich the combustion process wherein the high temperature heat for desorption is conducted in a heat exchange preferably performed with a pressure differential of less than 10 atmospheres which provides considerable flexibility in the heat exchange. 4 figs.

Brown, W.R.; Cassano, A.A.; Dunbobbin, B.R.; Rao, P.; Erickson, D.C.

1986-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

132

Cascade heat recovery with coproduct gas production  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for the integration of a chemical absorption separation of oxygen and nitrogen from air with a combustion process is set forth wherein excess temperature availability from the combustion process is more effectively utilized to desorb oxygen product from the absorbent and then the sensible heat and absorption reaction heat is further utilized to produce a high temperature process stream. The oxygen may be utilized to enrich the combustion process wherein the high temperature heat for desorption is conducted in a heat exchange preferably performed with a pressure differential of less than 10 atmospheres which provides considerable flexibility in the heat exchange.

Brown, William R. (Zionsville, PA); Cassano, Anthony A. (Allentown, PA); Dunbobbin, Brian R. (Allentown, PA); Rao, Pradip (Allentown, PA); Erickson, Donald C. (Annapolis, MD)

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

Efficient Response to Cascading Disaster Spreading  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the effectiveness of recovery strategies for a dynamic model of failure spreading in networks. These strategies control the distribution of resources based on information about the current network state and network topology. In order to assess their success, we have performed a series of simulation experiments. The considered parameters of these experiments are the network topology, the response time delay and the overall disposition of resources. Our investigations are focused on the comparison of strategies for different scenarios and the determination of the most appropriate strategy. The importance of prompt response and the minimum sufficient quantity of resources are discussed as well.

Buzna, L; Helbing, D; Kuehnert, C; Peters, K; Ammoser, Hendrik; Buzna, Lubos; Helbing, Dirk; Kuehnert, Christian; Peters, Karsten

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Cascade-Chipita Park, Colorado: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Cascade-Chipita Park, Colorado: Energy Resources Cascade-Chipita Park, Colorado: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Equivalent URI DBpedia Coordinates 38.9498727°, -105.0031457° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":38.9498727,"lon":-105.0031457,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

135

Microsoft Word - Cascade Networks Allston Substation LURR CX.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

15, 2011 15, 2011 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEC-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearence Memorandum Harold Grappe - TELP-TPP-3 Proposed Action: Cascade Networks, Inc. LURR at Allston Substation Budget Information: Work Order # 00275035 Task 03 Categorical Exclusions Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021: B1.7 "Acquisition, installation, operation, and removal of communication systems, data processing equipment, and similar electronic equipment." B4.7 "Adding fiber optic cable to transmission structures..." Location: Section 10, Township 7 North, Range 3 West of the Delena Quadrangle located in Columbia County, Oregon Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to grant Cascade Networks, Inc. permission to

136

Effect of Blade Torsion on Modeling Results for the Small Wind Research Turbine (SWRT): Preprint  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper summarizes modeling results from both the FAST and ADAMS aeroelastic simulators characterizing small wind turbine loads and dynamic behavior.

Corbus, D.; Hansen, A. C.; Minnema, J.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Nonclassical correlation of cascaded photon pairs emitted from quantum dots  

SciTech Connect

We studied the quantum correlation of the photon pairs generated by biexciton cascade decays of self-assembled quantum dots, and determined the correlation sudden-change temperature, which is shown to be independent of the background noise, far lower than the entanglement sudden-death temperature, and therefore, easier to be observed in experiments. The relationship between the fine-structure splitting and the sudden-change temperature is also provided.

Li, Chuan-Feng; Zou, Yang; Xu, Jin-Shi; Ge, Rong-Chun; Guo, Guang-Can [Key Laboratory of Quantum Information, University of Science and Technology of China, CAS, Hefei 230026 (China)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

138

Radiative effects of a CO/sub 2/ increase: results of a model comparison  

SciTech Connect

A comparison of infrared radiative transfer models is announced. The initial phase is underway, with other phases scheduled through 1984. The results of the ir model comparison will be included in the state-of-the-art report on climate modeling. Although the time scale for completion of the comparison is a few years, significant preliminary results have already been obtained. (PSB)

Luther, F.M.

1982-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

139

Guiding of Laser Beams in Plasmas by Radiation Cascade Compression  

SciTech Connect

The near-resonant heatwave excitation of an electron plasma wave (EPW) can be employed for generating trains of few-fs electromagnetic pulses in rarefied plasmas. The EPW produces a co-moving index grating that induces a laser phase modulation at the beat frequency. Consequently, the cascade of sidebands red- and blue-shifted from the fundamental by integer multiples of the beat frequency is generated in the laser spectrum. When the beat frequency is lower than the electron plasma frequency, the phase chirp enables laser beatnote compression by the group velocity dispersion [S. Kalmykov and G. Shvets, Phys. Rev. E 73, 046403 (2006)]. In the 3D cylindrical geometry, the frequency-downshifted EPW not only modulates the laser frequency, but also causes the pulse to self-focus [P. Gibbon, Phys. Fluids B 2, 2196 (1990)]. After self-focusing, the multi-frequency laser beam inevitably diverges. Remarkably, the longitudinal beatnote compression can compensate the intensity drop due to diffraction. A train of high-intensity radiation spikes with continually evolving longitudinal profile can be self-guided over several Rayleigh lengths in homogeneous plasmas. High amplitude of the EPW is maintained over the entire propagation length. Numerical experiments on the electron acceleration in the cascade-driven (cascade-guided) EPW [using the code WAKE by P. Mora and T. M. Antonsen Jr., Phys. Plasmas 4, 217 (1997)] show that achieving GeV electron energy is possible under realistic experimental parameters.

Kalmykov, Serguei; Shvets, Gennady [Department of Physics, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States); Institute for Fusion Studies, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States)

2006-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

140

Roles of Urban Tree Canopy and Buildings in Urban Heat Island Effects: Parameterization and Preliminary Results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Urban heat island (UHI) effects can strengthen heat waves and air pollution episodes. In this study, the dampening impact of urban trees on the UHI during an extreme heat wave in the Washington, D.C., and Baltimore, Maryland, metropolitan area is ...

Christopher P. Loughner; Dale J. Allen; Da-Lin Zhang; Kenneth E. Pickering; Russell R. Dickerson; Laura Landry

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "resulting cascading effect" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Signals of electric muscle activity as markers of the effect of low-intensity electromagnetic emissions (Method and Experimental Results)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present the method and describe results of an experimental study of electromyographic (EMG) changes under the influence of low-intensity electromagnetic transmitters (EMT). To study the EMT effect on humans, we propose a method based on special processing ...

O. E. Khutorskaya

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

IAEA Verification Experiment at the Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant: Report on the Cascade Header Enrichment Monitor  

SciTech Connect

The authors describe the Cascade Header Enrichment Monitor (CHEM) for the Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant at Piketon, Ohio, and present the calibration and measurement results. The US government has offered excess fissile material that is no longer needed for defense purposes for International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) inspection. Measurement results provided by the CHEM were used by the IAEA in a verification experiment to provide confidence that the US successfully blended excess highly enriched uranium (HEU) down to low enriched uranium (LEU). The CHEM measured the uranium enrichment in two cascade header pipes, a 20.32-cm HEU pipe and a 7.62-cm product LEU pipe. The CHEM determines the amount of {sup 235}U from the 185.7-keV gamma-ray photopeak and the amount of total uranium by x-ray fluorescence (XRF) of the 98.4-keV x-ray from uranium with a {sup 57}Co XRF source. The ratio yields the enrichment. The CHEM consists of a collimator assembly, an electromechanically cooled germanium detector, and a rack-mounted personal computer running commercial and custom software. The CHEM was installed in December 1997 and was used by the IAEA inspectors for announced and unannounced inspections on the HEU and LEU header pipes through October 1998. The equipment was sealed with tamper-indicating enclosures when the inspectors were not present.

P. L. Kerr; D. A. Close; W. S. Johnson; R. M. Kandarian; C. E. Moss; C. D. Romero

1999-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Effects of rock properties on explosive source modeling: Preliminary results. Los Alamos Source Region Project  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this study was to investigate possible reasons for unexpectedly low ground motion measurements obtained during some events at the Nevada Test Site. Of particular interest were the unexpected low results obtained for the Mission Cyber event which was the first test conducted in the P-tunnel complex.

Dick, R.D.; Fourney, W.L. [Maryland Univ., College Park, MD (United States). Dept. of Mechanical Engineering

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

144

Three-Phase Modular Cascaded H-Bridge Multilevel Inverter with Individual MPPT for Grid-Connected Photovoltaic Systems  

SciTech Connect

A three-phase modular cascaded H-bridge multilevel inverter for a grid-connected photovoltaic (PV) system is presented in this paper. To maximize the solar energy extraction of each PV string, an individual maximum power point tracking (MPPT) control scheme is applied, which allows the independent control of each dc-link voltage. PV mismatches may introduce unbalanced power supplied to the three-phase system. To solve this issue, a control scheme with modulation compensation is proposed. The three-phase modular cascaded multilevel inverter prototype has been built. Each H-bridge is connected to a 185 W solar panel. Simulation and experimental results are presented to validate the proposed ideas.

Xiao, Bailu [ORNL; Hang, Lijun [ORNL; Riley, Cameron [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Tolbert, Leon M [ORNL; Ozpineci, Burak [ORNL

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Gravitational radiation from primordial helical inverse cascade magnetohydrodynamic turbulence  

SciTech Connect

We consider the generation of gravitational waves by primordial helical inverse-cascade magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) turbulence produced by bubble collisions at the electroweak phase transition. We extend the previous study 1 by considering both currently discussed models of MHD turbulence. For popular electroweak phase transition parameter values, the generated gravitational wave spectrum is only weakly dependent on the MHD turbulence model. Compared with the unmagnetized electroweak phase transition case, the spectrum of MHD-turbulence-generated gravitational waves peaks at lower frequency with larger amplitude and can be detected by the proposed Laser Interferometer Space Antenna.

Kahniashvili, Tina [Department of Physics, Kansas State University, 116 Cardwell Hall, Manhattan, Kansas 66506 (United States); Department of Physics, Laurentian University, Ramsey Lake Road, Sudbury, ON P3E 2C6 (Canada); National Astrophysical Observatory, Ilia Chavchavadze State University, 2A Kazbegi Ave, Tbilisi, GE-0160 (Georgia); Campanelli, Leonardo [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Bari, I-70126 Bari (Italy); INFN - Sezione di Bari, I-70126 Bari (Italy); Gogoberidze, Grigol [Department of Physics, Kansas State University, 116 Cardwell Hall, Manhattan, Kansas 66506 (United States); National Astrophysical Observatory, Ilia Chavchavadze State University, 2A Kazbegi Ave, Tbilisi, GE-0160 (Georgia); Centre for Plasma Astrophysics, K.U. Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200B, 3001 Leuven (Belgium); Maravin, Yurii; Ratra, Bharat [Department of Physics, Kansas State University, 116 Cardwell Hall, Manhattan, Kansas 66506 (United States)

2008-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

146

Cascaded Cerenkov third-harmonic generation in random quadratic media  

SciTech Connect

We investigate experimentally and theoretically the conical emission of Cerenkov-type third-harmonic generation in strontium barium niobate of random 2D-{chi}{sup (2)} distribution. The azimuthal intensity distribution is explained by the polarization properties of the fundamental and Cerenkov second-harmonic waves, depending on the cascaded origin of the generation process. Moreover, we show the role of the individual domain shape in an additional modulation on the conical emission, controlled by the electrical switching of the spontaneous polarization of the ferroelectric medium.

Ayoub, Mousa; Roedig, Philip; Imbrock, Joerg; Denz, Cornelia [Institute of Applied Physics and Center for Nonlinear Science (CeNoS), Westfaelische Wilhelms-Universitaet Muenster, Corrensstrasse 2, 48149 Muenster (Germany)

2011-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

147

Health effects models for nuclear power plant accident consequence analysis: Modifications of models resulting from recent reports on health effects of ionizing radiation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Nuclear Regulatory Commission has sponsored several studies to identify and quantify the potential health effects of accidental releases of radionuclides from nuclear power plants. The most recent health effects models resulting from these efforts were published in two reports, NUREG/CR-4214, Rev. 1, Part 1 (1990) and Part 2 (1989). Several major health effects reports have been published recently that may impact the health effects models presented in these reports. This addendum to the Part 2 (1989) report, provides a review of the 1986 and 1988 reports by the United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation, the National Academy of Sciences/National Research Council BEAR 5 Committee report and Publication 60 of the International Commission on Radiological Protection as they relate to this report. The three main sections of this addendum discuss early occurring and continuing effects, late somatic effects, and genetic effects. The major changes to the NUREG/CR-4214 health effects models recommended in this addendum are for late somatic effects. These changes reflect recent changes in cancer risk factors that have come from longer followup and revised dosimetry in major studies like that on the Japanese A-bomb survivors. The results presented in this addendum should be used with the basic NUREG/CR-4214 reports listed above to obtain the most recent views on the potential health effects of radionuclides released accidentally from nuclear power plants. 48 refs., 4 figs., 24 tabs.

Abrahamson, S. (Wisconsin Univ., Madison, WI (United States)); Bender, M.A. (Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)); Boecker, B.B.; Scott, B.R. (Lovelace Biomedical and Environmental Research Inst., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Inhalation Toxicology Research Inst.); Gilbert, E.S. (Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States))

1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Low-cost CdZnTe devices for cascade cell application  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report describes a research program to develop a low-cost technique for producing Cd{sub 1-x}Zn{sub x}Te devices for cascade solar cell applications. The technique involves a two-stage process for fabricating such devices with a band gap of about 1.7 eV and a transparent contact layer of low-resistivity ZnTe. In the first stage, thin films of Cd, Zn, and Te are deposited in stacked layers as Cd{sub 1-x}An{sub x}Te. The second stage involves hearing and reacting the layers to form the compound. At first, electrodeposition was used for depositing the layers to successfully fabricate Dc{sub 1-x}Zn{sub x}Te thin-film devices. These films were also intrinsically doped with copper. For the first time, transparent ZnTe films of low resistivity were obtained in a two-stage process; preliminary solar cells using films with low Zn content were demonstrated. A second phase of the project involved growing films with higher Zn content (>15%). Such films were grown on CdS-coated substrates for fabricating devices. The effects of the solar-cell processing steps on the Cd{sub 1-x}Zn{sub x}Te and CdS/Cd{sub 1-x}Zn{sub x}Te interfaces were studied; results showed that the nature of the interface depended on the stoichiometry of the Cd{sub 1-x}Zn{sub x}Te thin film. A sharp interface was observed for the CdS/CdTe structures, but the interface became highly diffused as the Zn content in the absorber layer increased above 15%. The interaction between the CdS window layer and the Cd{sub 1-x}Zn{sub x}Te absorber layer was found to result from an exchange reaction between Zn in the absorber layer and the thin CdS film. 14 refs., 10 figs.

Basol, B.M.; Kapur, V.K. (International Solar Electric Technology, Inglewood, CA (USA))

1990-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Heat Flow From Four New Research Drill Holes In The Western Cascades...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Heat Flow From Four New Research Drill Holes In The Western Cascades, Oregon, Usa Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: Heat Flow From Four...

150

Geology and geothermal resources of the Santiam Pass area of the Oregon Cascade Range, Deschutes, Jefferson and Linn Counties, Oregon  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This open-file report presents the results of the Santiam Pass drilling program. The first phase of this program was to compile all available geological, geophysical and geothermal data for the Santiam Pass area and select a drill site on the basis of these data (see Priest and others, 1987a), A summary of the drilling operations and costs associated with the project are presented in chapter 1 by Hill and Benoit. An Overview of the geology of the Santiam Pass area is presented by Hill and Priest in chapter 2. Geologic mapping and isotopic age determinations in the Santiam Pass-Mount Jefferson area completed since 1987 are summarized in chapter 2. One of the more important conclusions reached in chapter 2 is that a minimum of 2 km vertical displacement has occurred in the High Cascade graben in the Santiam Pass area. The petrology of the Santiam Pass drill core is presented by Hill in chapter 3. Most of the major volcanic units in the core have been analyzed for major, minor, and trace element abundances and have been studied petrographically. Three K-Ar ages are interpreted in conjunction with the magnetostratigraphy of the core to show that the oldest rocks in the core are approximately 1.8 Ma. Geothermal and geophysical data collected from the Santiam Pass well are presented by Blackwell in chapter 4. The Santiam Pass well failed to penetrate beneath the zone of lateral groundwater flow associated with highly permeable Quaternary volcanic rocks. Calculated geothermal gradients range from about 50[degree]C/km at depth 700-900 m, to roughly 110[degree]C/km from 900 m to the bottom of the well at 929 m. Heat-flow values for the bottom part of the hole bracket the regional average for the High Cascades. Blackwell concludes that heat flow along the High Cascades axis is equal to or higher than along the western edge of the High Cascades.

Hill, B.E. (ed.)

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Cascade production in the reactions gamma p --> K+ K+ (X) and gamma p --> K+ K+ pi- (X)  

SciTech Connect

Photoproduction of the cascade resonances has been investigated in the reactions {gamma}p {yields} K{sup +}K{sup +}(X) and {gamma}p {yields} K{sup +}K{sup +}{pi}{sup -}(X). The mass split of the {Xi} doublet is measured to be 5.4 {+-} 1.8 MeV/c{sup 2}, consistent with existing measurements. The differential (total) cross sections for the {Xi}{sup -} have been determined for photon beam energies from 2.75 to 3.85 (4.75) GeV, and are consistent with a possible production mechanism of Y* {yields} K{sup +}{Xi}{sup -} through a t-channel process. The reaction {gamma}p {yields} K{sup +}K{sup +}{pi}{sup -}({Xi}{sup 0}) has also been investigated in search of excited cascade resonances. No significant signal of excited cascade states other than the {Xi}{sup -}(1530) is observed. The cross section results of the {Xi}{sup -}(1530) have also been obtained for photon beam energies from 3.35 to 4.75 GeV.

Lei Guo

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

FY 2005 Quantum Cascade Laser Alignment System Final Report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Alignment Lasers Task of Pacific Northwest National Laboratory's (PNNL's) Remote Spectroscopy Project (Project PL211I) is a co-funded project between DOE NA-22 and a Classified Client. This project, which began in the second half of FY03, involved building and delivering a Quantum Cascade (QC) Laser Alignment System to be used for testing the pupil alignment of an infrared sensor by measuring the response from four pairs of diametrically opposed QC lasers. PNNL delivered the system in FY04 and provided technical assistance in FY05 culminating into a successful demonstration of the system. This project evolved from the Laser Development Task of PL211I, which is involved in developing novel laser technology to support development of advanced chemical sensors for detecting the proliferation of nuclear weapons. The laser systems are based on quantum cascade (QC) lasers, a new semiconductor source in the infrared. QC lasers can be tailored to emit light throughout the infrared region (3.5 ? 17 ?m) and have high output power and stability. Thus, these lasers provide an infrared source with superb power and spectral stability enabling them to be used for applications such as alignment and calibration in addition to chemical sensing.

Myers, Tanya L.; Cannon, Bret D.; Wojcik, Michael D.; Broocks, Bryan T.; Stewart, Timothy L.; Hatchell, Brian K.

2006-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

153

The turbulent cascade and proton heating in the solar wind during solar minimum  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Solar wind measurements at 1 AU during the recent solar minimum and previous studies of solar maximum provide an opportunity to study the effects of the changing solar cycle on in situ heating. Our interest is to compare the levels of activity associated with turbulence and proton heating. Large-scale shears in the flow caused by transient activity are a source that drives turbulence that heats the solar wind, but as the solar cycle progresses the dynamics that drive the turbulence and heat the medium are likely to change. The application of third-moment theory to Advanced Composition Explorer (ACE) data gives the turbulent energy cascade rate which is not seen to vary with the solar cycle. Likewise, an empirical heating rate shows no significan changes in proton heating over the cycle.

Coburn, Jesse T.; Smith, Charles W.; Vasquez, Bernard J. [Physics Department and Space Science Center, Institute for the Study of Earth, Oceans, and Space, University of New Hampshire, Durham, New Hampshire (United States); Stawarz, Joshua E. [Department of Astrophysical and Planetary Sciences, University of Colorado at Boulder, Boulder, Colorado (United States); Forman, Miriam A. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, State University of New York at Stony Brook, Stony Brook, New York (United States)

2013-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

154

Modeling and control of a cascaded doubly-fed induction generator based on dynamical equivalent circuits  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper deals with the control of an autonomous cascaded doubly-fed induction generator operating in a variable speed constant frequency mode. The proposed structure is a full stand-alone generating system dedicated to isolated grids in embedded systems ... Keywords: Aircraft applications, Cascaded doubly-fed induction generator, Isolated grid, Modeling, Control, Topology analysis, Variable speed constant frequency

N. Patin; E. Monmasson; J. -P. Louis

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

Real-time optimization of a cascaded reservoirs hydropower plant based on fuzzy logic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One of the important industrial areas that involve complex nonlinear dynamics, control problems, and difficult optimization tasks is that of cascaded reservoirs hydropower plants. For the purpose of minimizing the non-hydraulic power production expenses ... Keywords: cascaded reservoirs, fuzzy logic, hydropower, nonlinear control, optimization

M. Mahmoud; K. Dutton

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Active NOX Control of Cogen Gas Turbine Exhaust using a Nonlinear Feed Forward with Cascade Architecture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Active NOX Control of Cogen Gas Turbine Exhaust using a Nonlinear Feed Forward with Cascade control, cogeneration, gas turbine, model based control, feed forward, cascade ABSTRACT Presented is a model based strategy for controlling the NOX concentration of natural gas turbine emissions

Cooper, Doug

157

Mitigating Cascading Outages on Power Systems: Recent Research Approaches and Emerging Methods  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The August 14, 2003 and August 10, 1996 wide area outages are two examples of the cascading failure of a large portion of the North American power grid. Methods of better understanding, predicting, and preventing cascading failures, as well as restoring the power system after such failure, were the topics of a recent NSF/EPRI workshop.

2005-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

158

Optimal Scheduling of Cascade Hydropower System Using Grouping Differential Evolution Algorithm  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For the complex problem of cascade hydropower system optimal scheduling, a novel grouping differential evolution algorithm (GDE) is proposed in this paper by hybridizing differential evolution (DE) and shuffled frog leaping (SFL). In the proposed algorithm, ... Keywords: cascade hydropower system, optimal scheduling, differential evolution, shuffled frog leaping

Yinghai Li; Jian Zuo

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

159

Hybrid Cascaded H-bridges Multilevel Motor Drive Control for Electric Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Hybrid Cascaded H-bridges Multilevel Motor Drive Control for Electric Vehicles Zhong Du1 , Leon M for electric/hybrid electric vehicles where each phase of a three-phase cascaded multilevel converter can vehicle motor drive applications and hybrid electric vehicle motor drive applications. Keywords: hybrid

Tolbert, Leon M.

160

Cascade Natural Gas - Conservation Incentives for Existing Homes |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Existing Homes Existing Homes Cascade Natural Gas - Conservation Incentives for Existing Homes < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Sealing Your Home Ventilation Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Heating Appliances & Electronics Water Heating Program Info State District of Columbia Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Floor Insulation: $0.45 per sq. ft. Wall Insulation: $0.40 per sq. ft. Ceiling or Attic Insulation: $0.25 per sq. ft. High Efficiency Natural Gas Furnace: $150 Duct Sealing: $150 High Efficiency Natural Gas Furnace and Duct Sealing: $400 High Efficiency Natural Gas Hearth: $70 Conventional Natural Gas Water Heater: $40 Combination Domestic Water/Hydronic Space Heating System (using Tankless

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161

Multilevel cascade voltage source inverter with seperate DC sources  

SciTech Connect

A multilevel cascade voltage source inverter having separate DC sources is described herein. This inverter is applicable to high voltage, high power applications such as flexible AC transmission systems (FACTS) including static VAR generation (SVG), power line conditioning, series compensation, phase shifting and voltage balancing and fuel cell and photovoltaic utility interface systems. The M-level inverter consists of at least one phase wherein each phase has a plurality of full bridge inverters equipped with an independent DC source. This inverter develops a near sinusoidal approximation voltage waveform with only one switching per cycle as the number of levels, M, is increased. The inverter may have either single-phase or multi-phase embodiments connected in either wye or delta configurations.

Peng, Fang Zheng (Oak Ridge, TN); Lai, Jih-Sheng (Knoxville, TN)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

162

Multilevel cascade voltage source inverter with seperate DC sources  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A multilevel cascade voltage source inverter having separate DC sources is described herein. This inverter is applicable to high voltage, high power applications such as flexible AC transmission systems (FACTS) including static VAR generation (SVG), power line conditioning, series compensation, phase shifting and voltage balancing and fuel cell and photovoltaic utility interface systems. The M-level inverter consists of at least one phase wherein each phase has a plurality of full bridge inverters equipped with an independent DC source. This inverter develops a near sinusoidal approximation voltage waveform with only one switching per cycle as the number of levels, M, is increased. The inverter may have either single-phase or multi-phase embodiments connected in either wye or delta configurations.

Peng, Fang Zheng (Knoxville, TN); Lai, Jih-Sheng (Blacksburg, VA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

Multilevel cascade voltage source inverter with separate DC sources  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A multilevel cascade voltage source inverter having separate DC sources is described herein. This inverter is applicable to high voltage, high power applications such as flexible AC transmission systems (FACTS) including static VAR generation (SVG), power line conditioning, series compensation, phase shifting and voltage balancing and fuel cell and photovoltaic utility interface systems. The M-level inverter consists of at least one phase wherein each phase has a plurality of full bridge inverters equipped with an independent DC source. This inverter develops a near sinusoidal approximation voltage waveform with only one switching per cycle as the number of levels, M, is increased. The inverter may have either single-phase or multi-phase embodiments connected in either wye or delta configurations. 15 figs.

Peng, F.Z.; Lai, J.S.

1997-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

164

Intermediate Vapor Expansion Distillation and Nested Enrichment Cascade Distillation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Although it is known that incorporating an intermediate reboiler or reflux condenser in a distillation column will improve column efficiency by 15 to 100%, there has been little use of this technique to date." Intermediate vapor compression heat pumping was recently introduced as one practical means of achieving this benefit. Introduced in this paper are two new means having added advantages over compression: intermediate vapor expansion heat pumping, and nested enrichment cascades. In both cases the efficiency advantage is obtained without requiring import of shaft work. With intermediate vapor expansion, the expander is more efficient and less costly than the compressor which achieves comparable improvement in distillation efficiency. With the "nested enrichment" technique, the increased efficiency is obtained without requiring either compressors or expanders.

Erickson, D. C.

1986-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

City of Cascade Locks, Oregon (Utility Company) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Oregon (Utility Company) Oregon (Utility Company) Jump to: navigation, search Name City of Cascade Locks Place Oregon Utility Id 3136 Utility Location Yes Ownership M NERC Location WECC NERC WECC Yes Activity Distribution Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png General Service- City Commercial General Service- City(Primary Metering) Commercial General Service- Rural Commercial General Service- Rural(Primary Metering) Commercial Public Agency Rate- City Commercial Public Agency Rate- City(Primary Metering) Commercial Public Agency Rate- Rural Commercial Public Agency Rate- Rural(Primary Metering) Commercial

166

The Influence of Terrain-Induced Circulations on Wintertime Temperature and Snow Level in the Washington Cascades  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes the mesoscale distribution of temperature and snow level in the Washington Cascades. During the winter months, when the Cascades separate relatively cold continental air to the east from warmer marine air to the west, ...

W. James Steenburgh; Clifford F. Mass; Sue A. Ferguson

1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

167

Multidimensional system of cascaded control of plasma form and current in tokamak with channel decoupling and H?-controller  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Consideration was given to the development and numerical modeling of the multidimensional cascaded system with H?-controller in the external cascade for control of the plasma form and current in tokamak. For controller design, ...

A. V. Kadurin; Yu. V. Mitrishkin

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

168

QED Vacuum Schwinger Effect for E(x, t) = E(t) Results Schwinger Effect for E(x, t) Summary Schwinger Pair Production in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Schwinger Pair Production in Strong Electric Fields Florian Hebenstreit Advisers: R. Alkofer (KFU Graz), H for E(x, t) = E(t) Results Schwinger Effect for E(x, t) Summary Historical overview: Does, Decay rates... · Feynman Diagrams: Graphical representation Electron Line ¡ Photon Line ¡ Elementary

Seyfarth, Andre

169

Effects of internal hydrogen on the vacancy loop formation probability in Al  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The effect of internal hydrogen on the formation of vacancy dislocation loops from heavy-ion generated displacement cascades in Al has been investigated. Samples of high-purity aluminum and aluminum containing 900 and 1300 appM of hydrogen were irradiated at room temperature with 50 keV Kr+ ions. The ion dose rate was typically 2 {times} 10{sup 10}ions cm{sup {minus}2} sec{sup {minus}1} and the ion dose was between 10{sup 11} and 10{sup 13} ion cm{sup {minus}2}. Under these irradiation conditions, dislocation loops were observed in all compositions, although the formation probability was relatively low (less than 10 percent of the displacement cascades produced a vacancy loop). The loop formation probability was further reduced by the presence of hydrogen. No difference in the geometry or the size of the loops created in the hydrogen free and hydrogen charged samples was found. These results are difficult to interpret, and the explanation may lie in the distribution and form of the hydrogen. To account for the large hydrogen concentrations and from calculations of the energy associated with hydrogen entry into aluminum, it has been suggested that the hydrogen enters the aluminum lattice with an accompanying vacancy. This will create hydrogen-vacancy complexes in the material; two dimensional complexes have been detected in the hydrogen-charged, but unirradiated, samples by the small-angle x-ray scattering technique. The possibility of these complexes trapping the vacancies produced by the cascade process exists thus lowering the formation probability. However, such a mechanism must occur within the lifetime of the cascade. Alternatively, if a displacement cascade overlaps with the hydrogen-vacancy complexes, the lower atomic density of the region will result in an increase in the cascade volume (decrease in the local vacancy concentration) which will also reduce the loop formation probability.

Bui, T.X.; Sirois, E.; Robertson, I.M. (Illinois Univ., Urbana, IL (USA). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering); Kirk, M.A. (Argonne National Lab., IL (USA))

1990-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Beyond the Price Effect in Time-of-Use Programs: Results from a Municipal Utility Pilot, 2007-2008  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper discusses results of a two-year collaborative research project between the authors and the Demand Response Research Center focused on behavioral response to a voluntary time-of-use pilot rate offered by the Sacramento Municipal Utilities District (SMUD) under the PowerChoice label. The project had two purposes: one was to assess the potential for increasing demand response through the introduction of enhanced information and real-time consumption feedback; the second was to better understand behavioral response to a TOU rate. Three successive waves of telephone surveys collected details about reasons for participation, actions taken, capacities and constraints to altering behavior, and a range of salient conditions, such as demographics and dwelling characteristics. Pre- and post-program interval meter data for participants and a comparison sample of households were also collected and analyzed to consider initial and season-change price effects of the rate and the effect of supplemental information treatments on response. Over half of surveyed participating households reported that they had made a great deal of effort to adjust their electricity consumption to the rate. Despite this, load data analysis revealed only minimal price effects; and, though households subjected to information treatments seemed to have learned from these treatments, load data analysis again detected only minimal effects on load. Given the currently high hopes for behavioral intervention and residential TOU rates, these unexpected results require explanation. We suggest a number of possibilities and discuss some implications for TOU programs, and for understanding demand response behavior and approaches to experiments with TOU rates.

Lutzenhiser, Susan; Peters, Jane; Moezzi, Mithra; Woods, James

2009-08-12T23:59:59.000Z

171

Astrophysical gyrokinetics: kinetic and fluid turbulent cascades in magnetized weakly collisional plasmas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a theoretical framework for plasma turbulence in astrophysical plasmas (solar wind, interstellar medium, galaxy clusters, accretion disks). The key assumptions are that the turbulence is anisotropic with respect to the mean magnetic field and frequencies are low compared to the ion cyclotron frequency. The energy injected at the outer scale scale has to be converted into heat, which ultimately cannot be done without collisions. A KINETIC CASCADE develops that brings the energy to collisional scales both in space and velocity. Its nature depends on the physics of plasma fluctuations. In each of the physically distinct scale ranges, the kinetic problem is systematically reduced to a more tractable set of equations. In the "inertial range" above the ion gyroscale, the kinetic cascade splits into a cascade of Alfvenic fluctuations, which are governed by the RMHD equations at both the collisional and collisionless scales, and a passive cascade of compressive fluctuations, which obey a linear kinetic equation along the moving field lines associated with the Alfvenic component. In the "dissipation range" between the ion and electron gyroscales, there are again two cascades: the kinetic-Alfven-wave (KAW) cascade governed by two fluid-like Electron RMHD equations and a passive phase-space cascade of ion entropy fluctuations. The latter cascade brings the energy of the inertial-range fluctuations that was damped by collisionless wave-particle interaction at the ion gyroscale to collisional scales in the phase space and leads to ion heating. The KAW energy is similarly damped at the electron gyroscale and converted into electron heat. Kolmogorov-style scaling relations are derived for these cascades. Astrophysical and space-physical applications are discussed in detail.

A. A. Schekochihin; S. C. Cowley; W. Dorland; G. W. Hammett; G. G. Howes; E. Quataert; T. Tatsuno

2007-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

172

Terahertz quantum cascade lasers with thin resonant-phonon depopulation active regions and surface-plasmon waveguides  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report three-well, resonant-phonon depopulation terahertz quantum cascade lasers with semi-insulating surface-plasmon waveguides and reduced active region (AR) thicknesses. Devices with thicknesses of 10, 7.5, 6, and 5 {\\mu}m are compared in terms of threshold current density, maximum operating temperature, output power and AR temperature. Thinner ARs are technologically less demanding for epitaxial growth and result in reduced electrical heating of devices. However, it is found that 7.5-{\\mu}m-thick devices give the lowest electrical power densities at threshold, as they represent the optimal trade-off between low electrical resistance and low threshold gain.

M. Salih; P. Dean; A. Valavanis; S. P. Khanna; L. H. Li; J. E. Cunningham; A. G. Davies; E. H. Linfield

2013-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

173

Terahertz quantum cascade lasers with thin resonant-phonon depopulation active regions and surface-plasmon waveguides  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report three-well, resonant-phonon depopulation terahertz quantum cascade lasers with semi-insulating surface-plasmon waveguides and reduced active region (AR) thicknesses. Devices with thicknesses of 10, 7.5, 6, and 5 {\\mu}m are compared in terms of threshold current density, maximum operating temperature, output power and AR temperature. Thinner ARs are technologically less demanding for epitaxial growth and result in reduced electrical heating of devices. However, it is found that 7.5-{\\mu}m-thick devices give the lowest electrical power densities at threshold, as they represent the optimal trade-off between low electrical resistance and low threshold gain.

Salih, M; Valavanis, A; Khanna, S P; Li, L H; Cunningham, J E; Davies, A G; Linfield, E H

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

CGC, Full 3D Hydro, and Hadronic Cascade  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. We investigate how robust the discovery of perfect fluid is through comparison of hydrodynamic calculations with elliptic flow coefficient v2 at midrapidity in Au+Au collisions at ? sNN = 200 GeV. Employing the Glauber model for initial entropy density distributions, we reasonably reproduce centrality dependence of v2 by using ideal fluid description of the early QGP stage and a hadronic cascade in the late hadronic stage. On the other hand, initial conditions based on the Colour Glass Condensate model are found to generate larger elliptic flow due to larger initial eccentricity ?. We further predict v2/? at a fixed impact parameter as a function of collision energy ? sNN up to the LHC energy. One of the important new discoveries made at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) is the large elliptic flow v2 in non-central Au+Au collisions [1]. At the highest RHIC energy, the observed v2 values near midrapidity at low transverse momentum pT in central and semicentral collisions agree with predictions from ideal fluid dynamics [2]. The ideal fluid dynamical description, however, gradually breaks down as one moves away from midrapidity or studies in peripheral collisions. This requires more realistic

T Hirano; U Heinz; D Kharzeev; R Lacey; Y Nara

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Beam energy scan using a viscous hydro+cascade model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Following the experimental program at BNL RHIC, we perform a similar "energy scan" using 3+1D viscous hydrodynamics coupled to the UrQMD hadron cascade, and study the collision energy dependence of pion and kaon rapidity distributions and $m_T$-spectra, as well as charged hadron elliptic flow. To this aim the equation of state for finite baryon density from a Chiral model coupled to the Polyakov loop is employed for hydrodynamic stage. 3D initial conditions from UrQMD are used to study gradual deviation from boost-invariant scaling flow. We find that the inclusion of shear viscosity in the hydrodynamic stage of evolution consistently improves the description of the data for Pb-Pb collisions at CERN SPS, as well as of the elliptic flow measurements for Au-Au collisions in the Beam Energy Scan (BES) program at BNL RHIC. The suggested value of shear viscosity is $\\eta/s\\ge0.2$ for $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}=6.3\\dots39$ GeV.

Karpenko, Iu A; Huovinen, P; Petersen, H

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Isotopic Analysis At Cascades Region (Kennedy & Van Soest, 2007) | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Analysis At Cascades Region (Kennedy & Van Soest, 2007) Analysis At Cascades Region (Kennedy & Van Soest, 2007) Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Exploration Activity: Isotopic Analysis-Fluid At Cascades Region (Kennedy & Van Soest, 2007) Exploration Activity Details Location Cascades Geothermal Region Exploration Technique Isotopic Analysis- Fluid Activity Date Usefulness useful regional reconnaissance DOE-funding Unknown Notes The correspondence of helium isotope ratios and active transtensional deformation indicates a deformation-enhanced permeability and that mantle fluids can penetrate the ductile lithosphere, even in regions where there is no substantial magmatism. Superimposed on the regional trend are local, high 3He/4He anomalies indicating hidden magmatic activity and/or deep

177

Detection of AIBO and Humanoid Robots Using Cascades of Boosted Classifiers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the present article a framework for the robust detection of mobile robots using nested cascades of boosted classifiers is proposed. The boosted classifiers are trained using Adaboost and domain-partitioning weak hypothesis. The most interesting aspect ...

Matías Arenas; Javier Ruiz-Del-Solar; Rodrigo Verschae

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

178

On Nonlinear Cascades of Enstrophy over the Tropics at 200 mb during Two Northern Hemisphere Summers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Diagnostic computations of nonlinear cascades of enstrophy have been performed in the wavenumber domain for two northern summers. Attention is focused on the interactions among the waves, the interaction between the zonal flow and a given wave ...

Tsing-Chang Chen; Joseph J. Tribbia

1980-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

179

On the Arrest of Inverse Energy Cascade and the Rhines Scale  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The notion of the cascade arrest in a ?-plane turbulence in the context of continuously forced flows is revised in this paper using both theoretical analysis and numerical simulations. It is demonstrated that the upscale energy propagation cannot ...

Semion Sukoriansky; Nadejda Dikovskaya; Boris Galperin

2007-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Wavelength beam combining of quantum cascade laser arrays for remote sensing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wavelength beam combining was used to co-propagate beams from 28 elements in a linear array of distributedfeedback quantum cascade lasers (DFB-QCLs). The overlap of the beams in the far-field is improved using wavelength ...

Sanchez-Rubio, Antonio

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "resulting cascading effect" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

A Cascade-Type Global Energy Conversion Diagram Based on Wave–Mean Flow Interactions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A cascade-type energy conversion diagram is proposed for the purpose of diagnosing the atmospheric general circulation based on wave–mean flow interactions. Mass-weighted isentropic zonal means facilitate the expression of nongeostrophic wave ...

Sachiyo Uno; Toshiki Iwasaki

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

High temperature, magnetic field assisted (sub)THz quantum cascade laser  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We demonstrate magnetic field assisted, (sub)THz quantum cascade laser operating above 200 K. This is achieved through the application of strong magnetic fields which provide an additional lateral confinement in order to ...

Wade, Aaron

183

Spatial hole burning in actively mode-locked quantum cascade lasers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A theoretical study of active mode-locking in quantum cascade lasers including spatial hole-burning is presented. It is found that spatial hole-burning reduces the pulse duration at the expense of slight pulse instability ...

Kartner, Franz X.

184

Hyperspectral microscopy using an external cavity quantum cascade laser and its applications for explosives detection  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A hyperspectral infrared microscope using external cavity quantum cascade laser illumination and a microbolometer focal plane array is used to characterize nanogram-scale particles of the explosives RDX, tetryl, and PETN at fast acquisition rates.

Phillips, Mark C.; Suter, Jonathan D.; Bernacki, Bruce E.

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

On the Cascading of Dense Shelf Waters in the Irminger Sea  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Hydrographic data collected in the Irminger Sea in the 1990s–2000s indicate that dense shelf waters carried by the East Greenland Current south of the Denmark Strait intermittently descend (cascade) down the continental slope and merge with the ...

Anastasia Falina; Artem Sarafanov; Herlé Mercier; Pascale Lherminier; Alexey Sokov; Nathalie Daniault

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Gamma-ray cascade transitions from resonant neutron capture in Cd-111 and Cd-113  

SciTech Connect

A neutron-capture experiment on {sup nat}Cd has been carried out at DANCE. Multiple-fold coincidence {gamma}-ray spectra have been collected from J=0, 1 resonances in {sup 111}Cd and {sup 113}Cd. The cascades ending at the ground state can be described by the SLO model while the cascades ending at the 2+ states are better reproduced by the mixed SLO+KMF model.

Rusev, Gencho Y. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

187

Recent developments of the cascade-exciton model of nuclear reactions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent developments of the Cascade-Exciton Model (CEM) of nuclear reactions are described. The improved cascade-exciton model as implemented in the code CEM97 differs from the CEM95 version by incorporating new approximations for the elementary cross sections used in the cascade, using more precise values for nuclear masses and pairing energies, using corrected systematics for the level-density parameters, and several other refinements. We have improved algorithms used in many subroutines, decreasing the computing time by up to a factor of 6 for heavy targets. We describe a number of further improvements and changes to CEM97, motivated by new data on isotope production measured at GSI. This leads us to CEM2k, a new version of the CEM code. CEM2k has a longer cascade stage, less preequilibrium emission, and evaporation from more highly excited compound nuclei compared to earlier versions. CEM2k also has other improvements and allows us to better model neutron, radionuclide, and gas production in ATW spallation targets. The increased accuracy and predictive power of the code CEM2k are shown by several examples. Further necessary work is outlined. KEYWORDS: Intranuclear cascade, preequilibrium, evaporation, and fission reactions, Monte Carlo simulations, cascade-exciton model, particle spectra, spallation and fission cross sections, GSI data

Mashnik, S. G. (Stepan G.); Sierk, A. J. (Arnold J.)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

188

Survival Outcomes in Resected Extrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma: Effect of Adjuvant Radiotherapy in a Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Analysis  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: The benefit of adjuvant radiotherapy (RT) after surgical resection for extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma has not been clearly established. We analyzed survival outcomes of patients with resected extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma and examined the effect of adjuvant RT. Methods and Materials: Data were obtained from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) program between 1973 and 2003. The primary endpoint was the overall survival time. Cox regression analysis was used to perform univariate and multivariate analyses of the following clinical variables: age, year of diagnosis, histologic grade, localized (Stage T1-T2) vs. regional (Stage T3 or greater and/or node positive) stage, gender, race, and the use of adjuvant RT after surgical resection. Results: The records for 2,332 patients were obtained. Patients with previous malignancy, distant disease, incomplete or conflicting records, atypical histologic features, and those treated with preoperative/intraoperative RT were excluded. Of the remaining 1,491 patients eligible for analysis, 473 (32%) had undergone adjuvant RT. After a median follow-up of 27 months (among surviving patients), the median overall survival time for the entire cohort was 20 months. Patients with localized and regional disease had a median survival time of 33 and 18 months, respectively (p < .001). The addition of adjuvant RT was not associated with an improvement in overall or cause-specific survival for patients with local or regional disease. Conclusion: Patients with localized disease had significantly better overall survival than those with regional disease. Adjuvant RT was not associated with an improvement in long-term overall survival in patients with resected extrahepatic bile duct cancer. Key data, including margin status and the use of combined chemotherapy, was not available through the SEER database.

Vern-Gross, Tamara Z. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center, Winston-Salem, NC (United States); Shivnani, Anand T., E-mail: Anand.Shivnani@usoncology.com [Department of Radiation Oncology, Baylor-Irving Cancer Center, Irving, TX (United States); Chen, Ke [Department of Mathematical Sciences, University of Texas-Dallas, Richardson, TX (United States); Lee, Christopher M. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Cancer Care Northwest, Spokane, WA (United States); Tward, Jonathan D. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Huntsman Cancer Center, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT (United States); MacDonald, O. Kenneth [Department of Radiation Oncology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN (United States); Crane, Christopher H. [Department of Radiation Oncology, M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX (United States); Talamonti, Mark S. [Department of Surgery, Northshore University Healthsystem, Evanston, IL (United States); Munoz, Louis L. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Texas Cancer Center at Medical City Dallas, Dallas, TX (United States); Small, William [Department of Radiation Oncology, Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL (United States)

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

189

Characteristics of geomagnetic cascading of ultra-high energy photons at the southern and northern sites of the Pierre Auger Observatory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cosmic-ray photons above 10^19 eV can convert in the geomagnetic field and initiate a preshower, i.e. a particle cascade before entering the atmosphere. We compare the preshower characteristics at the southern and northern sites of the Pierre Auger Observatory. In addition to a shift of the preshower patterns on the sky due to the different pointing of the local magnetic field vectors, the fact that the northern Auger site is closer to the geomagnetic pole results in a different energy dependence of the preshower effect: photon conversion can start at smaller energies, but large conversion probabilitites (>90%) are reached for the whole sky at higher energies compared to the southern Auger site. We show how the complementary preshower features at the two sites can be used to search for ultra-high energy photons among cosmic rays. In particular, the different preshower characteristics at the northern Auger site may provide an elegant and unambiguous confirmation if a photon signal is detected at the southern site.

P. Homola; M. Risse; R. Engel; D. Gora; J. Pekala; B. Wilczynska; H. Wilczynski

2006-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

190

Advanced fault diagnosis techniques and their role in preventing cascading blackouts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation studied new transmission line fault diagnosis approaches using new technologies and proposed a scheme to apply those techniques in preventing and mitigating cascading blackouts. The new fault diagnosis approaches are based on two time-domain techniques: neural network based, and synchronized sampling based. For a neural network based fault diagnosis approach, a specially designed fuzzy Adaptive Resonance Theory (ART) neural network algorithm was used. Several ap- plication issues were solved by coordinating multiple neural networks and improving the feature extraction method. A new boundary protection scheme was designed by using a wavelet transform and fuzzy ART neural network. By extracting the fault gen- erated high frequency signal, the new scheme can solve the difficulty of the traditional method to differentiate the internal faults from the external using one end transmis- sion line data only. The fault diagnosis based on synchronized sampling utilizes the Global Positioning System of satellites to synchronize data samples from the two ends of the transmission line. The effort has been made to extend the fault location scheme to a complete fault detection, classification and location scheme. Without an extra data requirement, the new approach enhances the functions of fault diagnosis and improves the performance. Two fault diagnosis techniques using neural network and synchronized sampling are combined as an integrated real time fault analysis tool to be used as a reference of traditional protective relay. They work with an event analysis tool based on event tree analysis (ETA) in a proposed local relay monitoring tool. An interactive monitoring and control scheme for preventing and mitigating cascading blackouts is proposed. The local relay monitoring tool was coordinated with the system-wide monitoring and control tool to enable a better understanding of the system disturbances. Case studies were presented to demonstrate the proposed scheme. An improved simulation software using MATLAB and EMTP/ATP was devel- oped to study the proposed fault diagnosis techniques. Comprehensive performance studies were implemented and the test results validated the enhanced performance of the proposed approaches over the traditional fault diagnosis performed by the transmission line distance relay.

Zhang, Nan

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Results of the 1988 geothermal gradient test drilling project for the State of Washington  

SciTech Connect

During late summer and early fall of 1988, the Washington Department of Natural Resources, Division of Geology and Earth Resources (DGER) completed drilling eight shallow geothermal gradient test wells in the southern Washington Cascade Range. This report describes the preliminary results of the 1988 drilling and gradient measuring, and summarizes our current perspectives on distribution and magnitude of the geothermal resource potential in the southern Washington Cascades. 18 refs., 11 figs., 11 tabs.

Barnett, D.B.; Korosec, M.A.

1989-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

192

Control of cascaded induction-generator systems. Final technical report, 1 September 1983-30 August 1984  

SciTech Connect

This report documents an investigation of the stability and control of cascaded doubly fed machines (CDFM). These machines are brushless variable-speed constant-frequency electric power generators with potential for application in aircraft. A previous analytical study indicated the CDFM system would be controllable in the subsynchronous operating mode with a passive RL load. The present study contains two steps. First is an investigation of the machine operation in the supersynchronous mode. The second step is an investigation of machine operation with output capacitors providing excitation VARs for the machine and load. Step 1 results show that the machines exhibit stability characteristics in the supersynchronous mode similar to those observed in the subsynchronous mode. Step 2 results show that output capacitors degrade the system performance, particularly at light loads. The results show that output current feedback can be employed to improve the system performance.

Ortmeyer, T.H.

1984-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

193

Enhancement of existing geothermal resource utilization by cascading to intensive aquaculture  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A demonstration high rate aquaculture production system utilizing a cascaded geothermal resource was designed, constructed and operated to fulfill the objectives of this project. Analysis of the energy and water balances for the system indicated that the addition of an Aquaculture Facility expanded the use of the existing resource. This expanded use in no way affected the up- stream processes. Analysis of the system`s energy and water requirements indicated that the present resource was under-utilized and could be expanded. Energy requirements appeared more limiting than water use, but the existing system could be expanded to a culture volume of 72,000 gal. This system would have a potential production capacity of 93,600 lb/yr with a potential market value of $280,00/yr. Based on the results of this study, the heat remaining in the geothermal fluid from one square foot of operating greenhouse is sufficient to support six gallons of culture water for a high density aquaculture facility. Thus, the over 1.5M ft{sup 2} of existing greenhouse space in New Mexico, has the potential to create an aquaculture industry of nearly 9M gal. This translates to an annual production potential of 11.7M lb with a market value of $35.lM.

Zachritz, W.H., II; Polka, R.; Schoenmackers

1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

194

Late Quaternary Geochronology and Recent Faulting Along the Eastern Margin of the Shukash Basin, Central Cascade Range, Oregon.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Part I: Seismic Stratigraphy Transecting the Eastern Margin of the Shukash Basin, Central Cascade Range, Oregon The Shukash Basin is a sediment filled-trough that lies… (more)

Lyon, Edward W., Jr.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Cascade Failures from Distributed Generation in Power Grids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Power grids are nowadays experiencing a transformation due to the introduction of Distributed Generation based on Renewable Sources. At difference with classical Distributed Generation, where local power sources mitigate anomalous user consumption peaks, Renewable Sources introduce in the grid intrinsically erratic power inputs. By introducing a simple schematic (but realistic) model for power grids with stochastic distributed generation, we study the effects of erratic sources on the robustness of several IEEE power grid test networks with up to 2000 buses. We find that increasing the penetration of erratic sources causes the grid to fail with a sharp transition. We compare such results with the case of failures caused by the natural increasing power demand.

Scala, Antonio; Scoglio, Caterina

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Further Results of Grossversuch IV: The Effect of the First Rocket Launched into a Potential Hail Cell  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The data obtained in Grossversuch IV about hail prevention triggered the hypothesis that only the first rocket launched into a potential hail cell decreases hail kinetic energy in an effect-time interval around 10 min after launching time. ...

J. Bader; W. A. Stahel; W. Schmid

1992-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

197

The Characteristics of the Chicago Lake Breeze and Its Effects on Trace Particle Transport: Results from an Episodic Event Simulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The lake-breeze circulation that forms over Lake Michigan during the summer influences the Chicago, Illinois, metropolitan area’s weather in several ways. Of particular significance is the circulation’s effect on the dispersion of pollutants such ...

Lucas Harris; V. Rao Kotamarthi

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Geology and geothermal resources of the Santiam Pass area of the Oregon Cascade Range, Deschutes, Jefferson and Linn Counties, Oregon. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This open-file report presents the results of the Santiam Pass drilling program. The first phase of this program was to compile all available geological, geophysical and geothermal data for the Santiam Pass area and select a drill site on the basis of these data (see Priest and others, 1987a), A summary of the drilling operations and costs associated with the project are presented in chapter 1 by Hill and Benoit. An Overview of the geology of the Santiam Pass area is presented by Hill and Priest in chapter 2. Geologic mapping and isotopic age determinations in the Santiam Pass-Mount Jefferson area completed since 1987 are summarized in chapter 2. One of the more important conclusions reached in chapter 2 is that a minimum of 2 km vertical displacement has occurred in the High Cascade graben in the Santiam Pass area. The petrology of the Santiam Pass drill core is presented by Hill in chapter 3. Most of the major volcanic units in the core have been analyzed for major, minor, and trace element abundances and have been studied petrographically. Three K-Ar ages are interpreted in conjunction with the magnetostratigraphy of the core to show that the oldest rocks in the core are approximately 1.8 Ma. Geothermal and geophysical data collected from the Santiam Pass well are presented by Blackwell in chapter 4. The Santiam Pass well failed to penetrate beneath the zone of lateral groundwater flow associated with highly permeable Quaternary volcanic rocks. Calculated geothermal gradients range from about 50{degree}C/km at depth 700-900 m, to roughly 110{degree}C/km from 900 m to the bottom of the well at 929 m. Heat-flow values for the bottom part of the hole bracket the regional average for the High Cascades. Blackwell concludes that heat flow along the High Cascades axis is equal to or higher than along the western edge of the High Cascades.

Hill, B.E. [ed.

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Optimisation of An HHG-Seeded Harmonic Cascade FEL Design for the NLS Project  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Optimization studies of an HHG-seeded harmonic cascade FEL design for the UK's proposed New Light Source (NLS) facility are presented. Three separate FELs are planned to meet the requirements for continuous coverage of the photon energy range 50-1000 eV with variable polarization, 20 fs pulse widths and good temporal coherence. The design uses an HHG seed source tuneable from 50-100 eV to provide direct FEL seeding in this range, and one or two stage harmonic cascades to reach the higher photon energies. Studies have been carried out to optimize a harmonic cascade FEL operating at 1 keV; topics investigated include modulator configuration, seed power level and ef- fects of the HHG seed structure. FEL simulations using realistic electron beam distributions are presented and tolerance to increased emittance has been considered.

Dunning, David; /Daresbury; Thompson, Neil; /Daresbury; Bartolini, Riccardo; /Oxford U., JAI; Geng, Huiping; /SLAC; Huang, Zhirong; /SLAC; McNeil, Brian; /Strathclyde U.

2012-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

200

First search for extraterrestrial neutrino-induced cascades with IceCube  

SciTech Connect

We report on the first search for extraterrestrial neutrino-induced cascades in IceCube.The analyzed data were collected in the year 2007 when 22 detector strings were installed and operated. We will discuss the analysis methods used to reconstruct cascades and to suppress backgrounds. Simulated neutrino signal events with a E-2 energy spectrum, which pass the background rejection criteria, are reconstructed with a resolution Delta(log E) ~;; 0.27 in the energy range from ~;; 20 TeV to a few PeV. We present the range of the diffuse flux of extra-terrestrial neutrinos in the cascade channel in IceCube within which we expect to be able to put a limit.

IceCube Collaboration; Kiryluk, Joanna

2009-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "resulting cascading effect" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Monte-Carlo Modeling of Parameters of a Subcritical Cascade Reactor Based on MSBR and LMFBR Technologies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Parameters of a subcritical cascade reactor driven by a proton accelerator and based on a primary lead-bismuth target, main reactor constructed analogously to the molten salt breeder (MSBR) reactor core and a booster-reactor analogous to the core of the BN-350 liquid metal cooled fast breeder reactor (LMFBR). It is shown by means of Monte-Carlo modeling that the reactor under study provides safe operation modes (k_{eff}=0.94-0.98), is apable to transmute effectively radioactive nuclear waste and reduces by an order of magnitude the requirements on the accelerator beam current. Calculations show that the maximal neutron flux in the thermal zone is 10^{14} cm^{12}\\cdot s^_{-1}, in the fast booster zone is 5.12\\cdot10^{15} cm^{12}\\cdot s{-1} at k_{eff}=0.98 and proton beam current I=2.1 mA.

Bznuni, S A; Zhamkochyan, V M; Polanski, A; Sosnin, A N; Khudaverdyan, A H

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Kondo Resonance in a Mesoscopic Ring Coupled to a Quantum Dot: Exact Results for the Aharonov-Bohm-Casher Effects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study the persistent currents induced by both the Aharonov-Bohm and Aharonov-Casher effects in a one-dimensional mesoscopic ring coupled to a sidebranch quantum dot at Kondo resonance. For privileged values of the Aharonov-Bohm-Casher fluxes, the problem can be mapped onto an integrable model, exactly solvable by a Bethe ansatz. In the case of a pure magnetic Aharonov-Bohm flux, we find that the presence of the quantum dot has no effect on the persistent current. In contrast, the Kondo resonance interferes with the spin-dependent Aharonov-Casher effect to induce a current which, in the strong-coupling limit, is independent of the number of electrons in the ring.

Eckle, H.-P.; Johannesson, H.; Stafford, C. A.

2001-07-02T23:59:59.000Z

203

Development of high efficiency cascade solar cells. Quarterly technical progress report No. 2  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Research has continued in the development of selected ternary and quaternary III-V materials that are potential candidates for cascade solar cell applications. In addition, various simple and multi-junction cascade solar cell components have been fabricated and evaluated in a continuing study of several different solar cell designs (materials combinations). During the present reporting period, work has concentrated on the following major areas: GaAlAs/GaAs cell development; AlGaAsSb/GaAsSb materials development; GaInP materials development via VPE; inverted structure development; and MO/CVD growth system work at NCSU. Progress in each of these areas is summarized.

Not Available

1979-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

204

Investigation of the thermal regime and geologic history of the Cascade volcanic arc: First phase of a program for scientific drilling in the Cascade Range  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A phased, multihole drilling program with associated science is proposed as a means of furthering our understanding of the thermal regime and geologic history of the Cascade Range of Washington, Oregon, and northern California. The information obtained from drilling and ancillary geological and geophysical investigations will contribute to our knowledge in the following general areas: (1) the magnitude of the regional background heat flow of parts of the Quaternary volcanic belt dominated by the most abundant volcanic rock types, basalt and basaltic andesite; (2) the nature of the heat source responsible for the regional heat-flow anomaly; (3) the characteristics of the regional hydrothermal and cold-water circulation; the rates of volcanism for comparison with models for the rate and direction of plate convergence of the Cascades; (5) the history of deformation and volcanism in the volcanic arc that can be related to subduction; (6) the present-day stress regime of the volcanic arc and the relation of these stresses to plate interactions and possible large earthquakes; and the current geometry of the subducted oceanic plate below the Cascade Range and the relationship of the plate to the distribution of heat flow, Quaternary volcanism, and Quaternary deformation. Phase I research will be directed toward a detailed investigation of the Santiam Pass segment. In concert with the Santiam Pass research, a detailed study of the nearby Breitenbush Hot Springs area is also recommended as a component of Phase I. The object of the Breitenbush research is to study one of the hottest known Cascade hydrothermal systems, which coincidentally also has a good geological and geophysical data base. A coordinated program of drilling, sampling, subsurface measurements, and surface surveys will be associated with the drilling of several holes.

Priest, G.R.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Effect of Cloud Types on the Earth Radiation Budget Calculated with the ISCCP Cl Dataset: Methodology and Initial Results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A method is introduced to derive cloud effects on the earth radiation budget. The ISCCP Cl cloud data for daylight cases are used in combination with a radiative transfer model to estimate the outgoing broadband radiative fluxes at the top of the ...

C. Poetzsch-Heffter; Q. Liu; E. Ruperecht; C. Simmer

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

206

Health effects models for nuclear power plant accident consequence analysis. Modification of models resulting from addition of effects of exposure to alpha-emitting radionuclides: Revision 1, Part 2, Scientific bases for health effects models, Addendum 2  

SciTech Connect

The Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) has sponsored several studies to identify and quantify, through the use of models, the potential health effects of accidental releases of radionuclides from nuclear power plants. The Reactor Safety Study provided the basis for most of the earlier estimates related to these health effects. Subsequent efforts by NRC-supported groups resulted in improved health effects models that were published in the report entitled {open_quotes}Health Effects Models for Nuclear Power Plant Consequence Analysis{close_quotes}, NUREG/CR-4214, 1985 and revised further in the 1989 report NUREG/CR-4214, Rev. 1, Part 2. The health effects models presented in the 1989 NUREG/CR-4214 report were developed for exposure to low-linear energy transfer (LET) (beta and gamma) radiation based on the best scientific information available at that time. Since the 1989 report was published, two addenda to that report have been prepared to (1) incorporate other scientific information related to low-LET health effects models and (2) extend the models to consider the possible health consequences of the addition of alpha-emitting radionuclides to the exposure source term. The first addendum report, entitled {open_quotes}Health Effects Models for Nuclear Power Plant Accident Consequence Analysis, Modifications of Models Resulting from Recent Reports on Health Effects of Ionizing Radiation, Low LET Radiation, Part 2: Scientific Bases for Health Effects Models,{close_quotes} was published in 1991 as NUREG/CR-4214, Rev. 1, Part 2, Addendum 1. This second addendum addresses the possibility that some fraction of the accident source term from an operating nuclear power plant comprises alpha-emitting radionuclides. Consideration of chronic high-LET exposure from alpha radiation as well as acute and chronic exposure to low-LET beta and gamma radiations is a reasonable extension of the health effects model.

Abrahamson, S. [Wisconsin Univ., Madison, WI (United States); Bender, M.A. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States); Boecker, B.B.; Scott, B.R. [Lovelace Biomedical and Environmental Research Inst., Albuquerque, NM (United States). Inhalation Toxicology Research Inst.; Gilbert, E.S. [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Meta-Analytic Reappraisal of Statistical Results in the Environmental Sciences: The Case of a Hydrological Effect of Cloud Seeding  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A frequent problem in the statistical analysis of data in environmental sciences is the synthesis of results obtained independently from various sets of data such as from different measuring points or from replicated experiments. Unlike their ...

David Sharon

1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Generation of synthetic multifractal realistic surfaces based on natural model and lognormal cascade: application to MRI classification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a method of generating realistic synthetic multi-fractals surfaces, constructed with multiplicative cascades, that follow lognormal probability density function.The conservation of the natural image gradient direction, and the variance ... Keywords: Bayesian classification, Monte-Carlo sampling, discrete wavelet transform, iterative conditional modes (ICM), lognormal cascade, markov random fields (MRF), multifractal analysis, probabilistic model, wavelet leader

Mohamed Khider; Abdelmalik Taleb-Ahmed; Boualem Haddad

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Theoretical and experimental study of stimulated and cascaded Raman scattering in ultra-high-Q optical microcavities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Stimulated Raman scattering (SRS) in ultra-high-Q surface-tension-induced spherical and chip-based toroid microcavities is considered both theoretically and experimentally. These microcavities are fabricated from silica, exhibit small mode volume (typically 1000 $\\mu m^{3}$) and possess whispering-gallery type modes with long photon storage times (in the range of 100 ns), significantly reducing the threshold for stimulated nonlinear optical phenomena. Oscillation threshold levels of less than 100 $\\mu $% -Watts of launched fiber pump power, in microcavities with quality factors of 100 million are observed. Using a steady state analysis of the coupled-mode equations for the pump and Raman whispering-gallery modes, the threshold, efficiencies and cascading properties of SRS in UHQ devices are derived. The results are experimentally confirmed in the telecommunication band (1550nm) using tapered optical fibers as highly efficient waveguide coupling elements for both pumping and signal extraction. The device perfo...

Kippenberg, T J; Min, B; Vahala, K J; Kippenberg, Tobias J.; Spillane, Sean M.; Min, Bumki; Vahala, Kerry J.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

210

Results of Large-Scale Testing on Effects of Anti-Foam Agent on Gas Retention and Release  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of River Protection’s Waste Treatment Plant (WTP) will process and treat radioactive waste that is stored in tanks at the Hanford Site. The waste treatment process in the pretreatment facility will mix both Newtonian and non-Newtonian slurries in large process tanks. Process vessels mixing non-Newtonian slurries will use pulse jet mixers (PJMs), air sparging, and recirculation pumps. An anti-foam agent (AFA) will be added to the process streams to prevent surface foaming, but may also increase gas holdup and retention within the slurry. The work described in this report addresses gas retention and release in simulants with AFA through testing and analytical studies. Gas holdup and release tests were conducted in a 1/4-scale replica of the lag storage vessel operated in the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) Applied Process Engineering Laboratory using a kaolin/bentonite clay and AZ-101 HLW chemical simulant with non-Newtonian rheological properties representative of actual waste slurries. Additional tests were performed in a small-scale mixing vessel in the PNNL Physical Sciences Building using liquids and slurries representing major components of typical WTP waste streams. Analytical studies were directed at discovering how the effect of AFA might depend on gas composition and predicting the effect of AFA on gas retention and release in the full-scale plant, including the effects of mass transfer to the sparge air. The work at PNNL was part of a larger program that included tests conducted at Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) that is being reported separately. SRNL conducted gas holdup tests in a small-scale mixing vessel using the AZ-101 high-level waste (HLW) chemical simulant to investigate the effects of different AFAs, their components, and of adding noble metals. Full-scale, single-sparger mass transfer tests were also conducted at SRNL in water and AZ-101 HLW simulant to provide data for PNNL’s WTP gas retention and release modeling.

Stewart, Charles W.; Guzman-Leong, Consuelo E.; Arm, Stuart T.; Butcher, Mark G.; Golovich, Elizabeth C.; Jagoda, Lynette K.; Park, Walter R.; Slaugh, Ryan W.; Su, Yin-Fong; Wend, Christopher F.; Mahoney, Lenna A.; Alzheimer, James M.; Bailey, Jeffrey A.; Cooley, Scott K.; Hurley, David E.; Johnson, Christian D.; Reid, Larry D.; Smith, Harry D.; Wells, Beric E.; Yokuda, Satoru T.

2008-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

211

Nuclear radiation awareness for residents of Cascade County-Montana.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The potential of a radiation mishap is real and lack of public awareness only potentiates the devastating outcomes on the citizens in the effected area… (more)

Strand, Aven Lynn.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

A Severe Windstorm in the Lee of the Cascade Mountains of Washington State  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes a severe, leeside windstorm that struck parts of western Washington State on 23–25 December 1983. It is shown that strong winds, some exceeding 50 m s?1, were mainly limited to swaths downwind of gaps in the Cascade ...

Clifford F. Mass; Mark D. Albright

1985-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

The Main Steam Temperature Cascade Control of High Order Differential of Feedback Controller  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The main steam temperature of boiler is a big time-lag signal, and the great change of its dynamic characteristics occurs with the load change. In addition, the main steam temperature control is particularly significant for the safety and economic operation ... Keywords: main steam temperature, high order differentiator, high order differential feedback controller, cascade control

Xue Wei; Mu Jingjing; Jia Hongyan; Ye Fei

2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Phase 1 Feasibility Study, Canby Cascaded Geothermal Project, April 2, 2013  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A small community in Northern California is attempting to use a local geothermal resource to generate electrical power and cascade residual energy to an existing geothermal district heating system, greenhouse, and future fish farm and subsequent reinjection into the geothermal aquifer, creating a net-zero energy community, not including transportation.

Merrick, Dale E [CanbyGeo, LLC] [CanbyGeo, LLC

2013-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

215

Towards a cascade of morpho-syntactic tools for arabic natural language processing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a cascade of morpho-syntactic tools to deal with Arabic natural language processing. It begins with the description of a large coverage formalization of the Arabic lexicon. The built electronic dictionary, named "El-DicAr", which ... Keywords: NooJ linguistic platform, agglutinative morphology, arabic language, automatic vocalization, lexical analysis, named entities recognition

Slim Mesfar

2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Cascaded single-stage distributed amplifier using DPHEMT devices for multioctave performance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes a multioctave (2---18 GHz) distributed amplifier design using the concept of cascaded reactively terminated single-stage distributed amplifier (CRTSSDA) configuration for EW applications. The concept of CRTSSDA is demonstrated to ... Keywords: Distributed amplifiers, Microwave amplifiers, Microwave circuits

Bal S. Virdee

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

217

A Hybrid Energy System Using Cascaded H-bridge Converter , Zhong Du2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

energy system, cascaded multilevel converter, single dc source I. INTRODUCTION As different energy generation, storage, and transmission. The power from hybrid energy systems can be combined on the dc side of Energy Source 1 and Energy Source 2. To analyze mode I, a dc source is assumed to be connected

Tolbert, Leon M.

218

The Application of Diode-Clamped Cascaded Inverter in the Direct-Driven Wind Power System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Power inverter is widely used in direct-driven variable speed constant frequency (VSVF) wind power system. With the level of wind power jumping from the kilowatt to megawatt, topologies and control of inverter have a corresponding change. Considering ... Keywords: direct-driven wind power, multi-level inverter, diode-clamped cascaded inverter, PD-SPWM and CPS-SPWM

Xianglian Xu; Pingting Xu; Zilin Tang; Gang Tang; Xiaole Ye

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Optimize Dispatchers of Cascade Hydropower Station Based on IS-NGA  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Because the short-time optimized dispatcher question has some characteristics such as high dimension, non-protruding, dispersed, non-linear etc., so need one algorithm with high calculation precise and convergence speed to solve this question. This paper ... Keywords: optimize dispatcher, cascade hydropower station, self-adaptation, Niche genetic algorithm

Zhao Tinghong, Man Zibin, Wang Yu, Wang Zhijun

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

Short-term scheduling of cascade reservoirs using an immune algorithm-based particle swarm optimization  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a new approach for short-term hydropower scheduling of reservoirs using an immune algorithm-based particle swarm optimization (IA-PSO). IA-PSO is employed by coupling the immune information processing mechanism with the particle swarm ... Keywords: Cascade reservoirs, Immune algorithm-based particle swarm optimization, Short-term operations

Xiang Fu; Anqiang Li; Liping Wang; Changming Ji

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "resulting cascading effect" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Cascaded warped-FIR and FIR filter structure for loudspeaker equalization with low computational cost requirements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper proposes an improved filter structure and methodology for the equalization of loudspeakers and other audio systems. It employs a cascaded structure of a finite impulse response (FIR) filter and a warped-FIR filter in order to obtain the best ... Keywords: FIR filters, Loudspeaker equalization, Low computational cost, Warped filters

Germán Ramos; José J. López; Basilio Pueo

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Syntactic and semantic role labeling for Chinese framenet based on cascaded conditional random fields  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Chinese FrameNet Project is creating a lexical resource for Chinese, based on the principles of Frame Semantics and supported by corpus evidence. Due to the fact that syntactic and semantic role labeling (SSRL) is very necessary for deep natural ... Keywords: Chinese framenet, cascaded conditional random fields, frame semantics, syntactic and semantic role labeling

Hao Xiaoyan; Chang Xiaoming; Liu Kaiying

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Syntactic and Semantic Role Labeling for Chinese FrameNet Based on Cascaded Conditional Random Fields  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Chinese FrameNet Project is creating a lexical resource for Chinese, based on the principles of Frame Semantics and supported by corpus evidence. Due to the fact that syntactic and semantic role labeling (SSRL) is very necessary for deep natural ... Keywords: Frame Semantics, Chinese FrameNet, syntactic and semantic role labeling, cascaded conditional random fields

Hao Xiaoyan; Chang Xiaoming; Liu Kaiying

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

Extension of a Conservative Cascade Scheme on the Sphere to Large Courant Numbers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The conservative cascade scheme (CCS) combines a one-dimensional mass-conserving finite-volume method with an efficient semi-Lagrangian scheme over the sphere. Major limitations of this scheme are a breakdown in the polar region due to the ...

Ramachandran D. Nair

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Method of making cascaded die mountings with springs-loaded contact-bond options  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A cascaded die mounting device and method using spring contacts for die attachment, with or without metallic bonds between the contacts and the dies, is disclosed. One embodiment is for the direct refrigerant cooling of an inverter/converter carrying higher power levels than most of the low power circuits previously taught, and does not require using a heat sink.

Hsu, John S. (Oak Ridge, TN); Adams, Donald J. (Knoxville, TN); Su, Gui-Jia (Knoxville, TN); Marlino, Laura D. (Oak Ridge, TN); Ayers, Curtis W. (Kingston, TN); Coomer, Chester (Knoxville, TN)

2007-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

226

Pollution Reduction System that Generates Profits (Cascading Closed Loop Cycle - CCLC)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

WOW Energy Inc. (WOW) recently received notification from the patent office that its patent claims for the Cascading Closed Loop Cycle (CCLC) were valid for converting waste heat to electricity in a process using standard off-the-shelf components. These c

Stinger, D. H.; Mian, F.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

Intracavity Sensing via Compliance Voltage in an External Cavity Quantum Cascade Laser  

SciTech Connect

We demonstrate a technique for gas phase spectroscopy and sensing by detecting changes in compliance voltage of an external cavity quantum cascade laser due to intracavity absorption. The technique is characterized and used to measure the absorption spectrum of water vapor and Freon-134a.

Phillips, Mark C.; Taubman, Matthew S.

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

228

Results of research to develop cost effective biomonitoring at oil shale lease tracts. Phase I. Fall sampling report  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the results of censuses conducted during October 1981 to estimate the fall abundance of small mammals and avifauna on replicate plots in the vicinity of Federal Tract C-a (Rio Blanco Oil Shale Company). The objectives of the fall censuses were to evaluate alternative census techniques, test assumptions vital to the use of indices and abundance estimators, determine cost-functions associated with monitoring efforts, and estimate variance components needed to devise optimal monitoring designs. Analyses of the fall census data on small mammal abundance were performed.

Skalski, J.R.; Fitzner, R.E.; Gano, K.A.

1982-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

TRECVID 2011 Runs and Detailed Results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... nofa.0 PKU-IDM.m.balanced.cascade Peking University-IDM PKU-IDM.m.nofa. cascade PRISMA.m.balanced.EhdGry University of Chile PRISMA.m ...

230

Direct generation of photon triplets using cascaded photon-pair sources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Non-classical states of light, such as entangled photon pairs and number states, are essential for fundamental tests of quantum mechanics and optical quantum technologies. The most widespread technique for creating these quantum resources is the spontaneous parametric down-conversion (SPDC) of laser light into photon pairs. Conservation of energy and momentum in this process, known as phase-matching, gives rise to strong correlations which are used to produce two-photon entanglement in various degrees of freedom. It has been a longstanding goal of the quantum optics community to realise a source that can produce analogous correlations in photon triplets, but of the many approaches considered, none have been technically feasible. In this paper we report the observation of photon triplets generated by cascaded down-conversion. Here each triplet originates from a single pump photon, and therefore quantum correlations will extend over all three photons in a way not achievable with independently created photon pairs. We expect our photon-triplet source to open up new avenues of quantum optics and become an important tool in quantum technologies. Our source will allow experimental interrogation of novel quantum correlations, the post-selection free generation of tripartite entanglement without post- selection and the generation of heralded entangled-photon pairs suitable for linear optical quantum computing. Two of the triplet photons have a wavelength matched for optimal transmission in optical fibres, ideally suited for three-party quantum communication. Furthermore, our results open interesting regimes of non-linear optics, as we observe spontaneous down-conversion pumped by single photons, an interaction also highly relevant to optical quantum computing.

H. Hübel; D. R. Hamel; A. Fedrizzi; S. Ramelow; K. J. Resch; T. Jennewein

2010-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

231

PRICE 9S. 6d. NETExperiments Concerning the Effect of Trailing, Edge Thickness on Blade Loss and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Theoretical assessments of the influence of trailing-edge thickness on turbine blade loss coefficients are reviewed and compared with the results of a cascade tunnel investigation. Tests on a single-stage turbine indicate that efficiency is much more sensitive to stator blade trailing-edge thickness than simple estimates woul d indicate, but rotor blade thickness effects on efficiency are in line with simple prediction.

Turbine Stage Efficiency; I. H. Johnston; D. C. Dransfield; D. J. Fullbrook; Turbine Stage Efficiency; I. H. Johnston; D. C. Dransfield; D. J. Fullbrook

1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

232

Search results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Effect of Aluminum Content on the Mechanical Properties of Dual Stabilized Ti- Nb Interstitial Free High Strength Steel (IF-HSS) by Heejae Kang, C. Isaac Garcia  ...

233

The Effect of Gas Absorption on the Scattered Radiation in the Solar Almucantar: Results of Numerical Simulation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Gas Absorption on the Gas Absorption on the Scattered Radiation in the Solar Almucantar: Results of Numerical Simulation T. Yu. Chesnokova, K. M. Firsov, I. M. Nasrtdinov, S. M. Sakerin, V. V. Veretennikov, and T. B. Zhuravleva Institute of Atmospheric Optics Tomsk, Russia Introduction The methods for reconstruction of the aerosol optical characteristics (e.g., aerosol size distribution, and single-scattering albedo) from diffuse and direct radiation measured in the solar almucantar has been widely used during the last decade. The photometers with filters in the "atmospheric transparency windows" in the wavelength range 0.4 to 1 m were applied for measurements. Usually it was assumed that one could neglect the molecular absorption of the measured diffuse radiation. Further development

234

Review of Test Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

GAC004 Revision 1 Effective June 2008 Review of Test Results Prepared by Electric Transportation Applications Prepared by: Date: Garrett...

235

Blowing Ratio Effects on Film Cooling Effectiveness  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The research focuses on testing the film cooling effectiveness on a gas turbine blade suction side surface. The test is performed on a five bladed cascade with a blow down facility. Four different blowing ratios are used in this study, which are 0.5, 1.0, 1.6, and 2.0; mainstream flow conditions are maintained at exit Mach number of 0.7, 1.1 and 1.3. Nitrogen is injected as the coolant so that the oxygen concentration levels can be obtained for the test surface. Based on mass transfer analogy, film cooling effectiveness can be computed with pressure sensitive paint (PSP) technique. The effect of blowing ratio on film cooling effectiveness is presented for each testing condition. The spanwise averaged effectiveness for each case is also presented to compare the blowing ratio and mainstream effect on film cooling effectiveness. Results show that due to effects of shock, the optimum blowing ratio is 1.6 for exit Mach number of 1.1 and 1.3; however; without the effects of shock, the optimum blowing ratio is 1.0 for exit Mach number of 0.7.

Liu, Kuo-Chun

2009-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Search results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

by T. Ohgai, H. Fukushima, N. Baba, and T. Akiyama, $10.00 ($10.00), $25.00. The Effect of Primary Coolant Zinc Additions on the SCC Behaviour of Alloy 600 ...

237

Search Results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Search Results. CAS Number, Formula, Name, State, JANAF Table, Links. 7439-97-6, Hg, Mercury, ref, view, ... 7439-97-6, Hg, Mercury, cr,l, view, ...

238

Search Results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Search Results. CAS Number, Formula, Name, State, JANAF Table, Links. 7440-33-7, W, Tungsten, cr,l, view, ... 7440-33-7, W, Tungsten, cr, view, ...

239

GLODAP Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Results Evaluation of Inorganic Carbon Quality Carbon Thermodynamics Anthropogenic CO2 Radio Carbon Gridded Carbon Fields Click the map to enlarge. Indian Ocean Pacific Ocean...

240

Aerodynamic Losses and Heat Transfer in a Blade Cascade with 3-D Endwall Contouring  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Aerodynamic Losses and Heat Transfer in a Aerodynamic Losses and Heat Transfer in a Aerodynamic Losses and Heat Transfer in a Aerodynamic Losses and Heat Transfer in a Blade Cascade with 3 Blade Cascade with 3 - - D D Endwall Endwall Contouring Contouring Principal Investigator Principal Investigator Sumanta Acharya, Professor Sumanta Acharya, Professor Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana Collaborators Collaborators Gazi Mahmood, Ph.D., Research Asqociate Gazi Mahmood, Ph.D., Research Asqociate Arun Saha, Ph.D., Research Associate Arun Saha, Ph.D., Research Associate Ross Gustafson, M.S. student Ross Gustafson, M.S. student SCIES Project 02 SCIES Project 02 - - 01 01 - - SR098 SR098 DOE COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT DE DOE COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT DE - - FC26 FC26 - - 02NT41431 02NT41431 Tom J. George, Program Manager, DOE/NETL

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "resulting cascading effect" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

SEARCH RESULTS  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Home | search results Please enter one or more search words. ADVANCED SEARCH with all the words with the exact phrase with at least one of the words without the words File Format...

242

Cascade Problems in Some Atomic Lifetime Measurements at a Heavy-Ion Storage Ring  

SciTech Connect

Lifetimes of 3s{sup 2}3p{sup k} ground configuration levels of Al-, Si-, P-, and S-like ions of Be, Co, and Ni have been measured at a heavy-ion storage ring. Some of the observed decay curves show strong evidence of cascade repopulation from specific 3d levels that feature lifetimes in the same multi-millisecond range as the levels of the ground configuration.

Tr?bert, E; Hoffmann, J; Krantz, C; Wolf, A; Ishikawa, Y; Santana, J

2008-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

243

Angle-resolved scattering spectroscopy of explosives using an external cavity quantum cascade laser  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Investigation of angle-resolved scattering from solid explosives residues on a car door for non-contact sensing geometries. Illumination with a mid-infrared external cavity quantum cascade laser tuning between 7 and 8 microns was detected both with a sensitive single point detector and a hyperspectral imaging camera. Spectral scattering phenomena were discussed and possibilities for hyperspectral imaging at large scattering angles were outlined.

Suter, Jonathan D.; Bernacki, Bruce E.; Phillips, Mark C.

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

Orographic Modification of Convection and Flow Kinematics by the Oregon Coast Range and Cascades during IMPROVE-2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes the kinematic and precipitation evolution accompanying the passage of a cold baroclinic trough over the Central Oregon Coast Range and Cascades during 4–5 December 2001 of the second Improvement of Microphysical ...

Brian A. Colle; Yanluan Lin; Socorro Medina; Bradley F. Smull

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

Bromonium-Initiated Epoxide-Opening Cascades : total Synthesis of ent-Dioxepandehydrothyrsiferol and Synthetic Studies toward (+)-Scholarisine A  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CHAPTER I. Bromonium-Initiated Epoxide-Opening Cascades: Total Synthesis of ent-Dioxepandehydrothyrsiferol Our foray into the total synthesis of ent-dioxepandehydrothyrsiferol has led to the discovery and development of ...

Tanuwidjaja, Jessica

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

Monotone and Conservative Cascade Remapping between Spherical Grids (CaRS): Regular Latitude–Longitude and Cubed-Sphere Grids  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A high-order monotone and conservative cascade remapping algorithm between spherical grids (CaRS) is developed. This algorithm is specifically designed to remap between the cubed-sphere and regular latitude–longitude grids. The remapping approach ...

Peter H. Lauritzen; Ramachandran D. Nair

2008-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

High-resolution seismic tomography of compressional wave velocity structure at Newberry Volcano, Oregon Cascade Range  

SciTech Connect

Compressional wave velocity structure is determined for the upper crust beneath Newberry Volcano, central Oregon, using a high-resolution active-source seismic-tomography method. Newberry Volcano is a bimodal shield volcano east of the axis of the Cascade Range. It is associated both with the Cascade Range and with northwest migrating silicic volcanism in southeast Oregon. High-frequency (approx.7 Hz) crustal phases, nominally Pg and a midcrustal reflected phase, travel upward through a target volume beneath Newberry Volcano to a dense array of 120 seismographs. This arrangement is limited by station spacing to 1- to 2-km resolution in the upper 5 to 6 km of the crust beneath the volcano's summit caldera. The experiment tests the hypothesis that Cascade Range volcanoes are underlain only by small magma chambers. A small low-velocity anomaly delineated abosut 3 km below the summit caldera supports this hypothesis for Newberry Volcano and is interpreted as a possible magma chamber of a few to a few tens of km/sup 3/ in volume. A ring-shaped high-velocity anomaly nearer the surface coincides with the inner mapped ring fractures of the caldera. It also coincides with a circular gravity high, and we interpret it as largely subsolidus silicic cone sheets. The presence of this anomaly and of silicic vents along the ring fractures suggests that the fractures are a likely eruption path between the small magma chamber and the surface.

Achauer, U.; Evans, J.R.; Stauber, D.A.

1988-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

248

2007 NWFSC Tidal Freshwater Genetics Results  

SciTech Connect

Genetic Analysis of Juvenile Chinook Salmon for inclusion in 'Ecology of Juvenile Salmonids in Shallow Tidal Freshwater Habitats in the Vicinity of the Sandy River Delta, lower Columbia River, 2007. Final report submitted to the Bonneville Power Administration, Contract DE-AC05-76RLO1830.' Genotypic data were collected for 108 Chinook salmon and used in the genetic stock identification analysis. Results of the mixture analysis are presented in Table 1. Percentage estimates for four genetic stock groups (West Cascade Tributary Fall, Willamette River Spring, Deschutes River Fall, and Upper Columbia River Summer/Fall) ranged from 11% to 43%, all with non-zero lower 95% confidence intervals. Small contributions were also estimated for the West Cascade Tributary Spring (3%) and Snake River Fall (6%) stock groups. Results of individual fish probability assignments were summed by collection date (Figure 1) and site (Figure 2). Assignment probabilities for the most likely stock group for each individual ranged from 0.51 to 1.00 with approximately 60% of the assignments greater than 0.90 (data not shown). Nearly all of the low probability assignments were fish with assignments split between the Deschutes River Fall and Upper Columbia River Summer/Fall groups.

David Teel

2008-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

249

Investigation of the kinetic equation of cascade fragmentation theory at not self-similar subdivision  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The cascade kinetic fragmentation process of solids is investigated when the condition probability density of splinter formation do not depends on time and has the property $P(\\rho, r, t) = P(\\rho/r)$. It is obtained the evolution equation for the probability distribution density in terms of its Mellin transformation. In the particular case $P(\\rho/r) = C (\\rho/r)^\\alpha$, the limit solution of this equation at $t \\to \\infty$ is found. It differs essentially from the Kolmogorov law.

R. E. Brodskii; Yu P. Virchenko

2008-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

250

Geological and geothermal investigation of the lower Wind River valley, southwestern Washington Cascade Range  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The detailed geology of the lower Wind River valley is presented with emphasis on those factors that bear significantly on development of a geothermal resource. The lower Wind River drainage consists primarily of the Ohanapecosh Formation, an Oligocene unit that is recognized across the entire southern Washington Cascade Range. The formation is at least 300 m thick in the Wind River valley area. It consists largely of volcaniclastic sediments, with minor massive pyroclastic flows, volcanic breccias and lava flows. Low grade zeolite facies metamorphism during the Miocene led to formation of hydrothermal minerals in Ohanapecosh strata. Metamorphism probably occurred at less than 180{sup 0}C.

Berri, D.A.; Korosec, M.A.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Comment on "Energy Transfer and Dual Cascade in Kinetic Magnetized Plasma Turbulence"  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We argue that the constraints on transfers, given in the Letter [G. Plunk and T. Tatsuno, Phys. Rev. Lett. {\\bf 106}, 165003 (2011)], but not correctly, do not give the transfer and/or cascade directions which however can be assisted by the absolute equilibria calculated in this Comment, following Kraichnan [R. H. Kraichnan, Phys. Fluids {\\bf 102}, 1417 (1967)]. One of the important statements about the transfers with only one or no diagonal component can be shown to be inappropriate according to the fundamental dynamics. Some mathematical mistakes are pointed out.

Jian-Zhou Zhu

2011-05-09T23:59:59.000Z

252

Primary heat transfer loop design for the Cascade inertial confinement fusion reactor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study investigates a heat exchanger and balance of plant design to accompany the Cascade inertial confinement fusion reaction chamber concept. The concept uses solid Li/sub 2/O or other lithium-ceramic granules, held to the wall of a rotating reaction chamber by centrifugal action, as a tritium breeding blanket and first wall protection. The Li/sub 2/O granules enter the chamber at 800 K and exit at 1200 K after absorbing the thermal energy produced by the fusion process.

Murray, K.A.; McDowell, M.W.

1984-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Status of In Situ Sulfur Trioxide Monitoring by Quantum Cascade Laser  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In an effort to provide real-time in situ measurements of sulfur trioxide (SO3) in the flue gas of a coal-fired boiler, a cross-duct analyzer for SO3 and SO2 that used a quantum cascade laser (QCL) spectrometer was demonstrated. In situ measurements are felt to be potentially more accurate than extractive measurements because they are not subject to biasing reactions that can occur during the transport of a flue gas sample in an extractive measurement monitor. The QCL system was designed by Industrial Mo...

2012-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

254

Integration of a terahertz quantum cascade laser with a hollow waveguide  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention is directed to the integration of a quantum cascade laser with a hollow waveguide on a chip to improve both the beam pattern and manufacturability. By coupling the QCL output into a single-mode rectangular waveguide the radiation mode structure can be known and the propagation, manipulation, and broadcast of the QCL radiation can then be entirely controlled by well-established rectangular waveguide techniques. By controlling the impedance of the interface, enhanced functions, such as creating amplifiers, efficient coupling to external cavities, and increasing power output from metal-metal THz QCLs, are also enabled.

Wanke, Michael C. (Albuquerque, NM); Nordquist, Christopher D. (Albuquerque, NM)

2012-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

255

Clackamas 4800-foot thermal gradient hole: Cascade geothermal drilling: Final technical report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Thermal Power Company (Thermal) completed a thermal gradient hole to about 5000 feet (1524 m) total depth in Section 28, Township 8 South, Range 8 East, Willamette Meridian, Marion County, Oregon. The objective was to obtain data for the characterization of the deep hydrothermal regime in the Cascades volcanic region in order to better define its geothermal resource potential. The depth and location of the thermal gradient hole were designed by Thermal to test the basis of the Clackamas geothermal system exploration model developed by Chevron Resources Company.

Iovenitti, J.L.; D'Olier, W.L.

1987-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

256

Trace-gas sensing using the compliance voltage of an external cavity quantum cascade laser  

SciTech Connect

Quantum cascade lasers (QCLs) are increasingly being used to detect, identify, and measure levels of trace gases in the air. External cavity QCLs (ECQCLs) provide a broadly-tunable infrared source to measure absorption spectra of chemicals and provide high detection sensitivity and identification confidence. Applications include detecting chemical warfare agents and toxic industrial chemicals, monitoring building air quality, measuring greenhouse gases for atmospheric research, monitoring and controlling industrial processes, analyzing chemicals in exhaled breath for medical diagnostics, and many more. Compact, portable trace gas sensors enable in-field operation in a wide range of platforms, including handheld units for use by first responders, fixed installations for monitoring air quality, and lightweight sensors for deployment in unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). We present experimental demonstration of a new chemical sensing technique based on intracavity absorption in an external cavity quantum cascade laser (ECQCL). This new technique eliminates the need for an infrared photodetector and gas cell by detecting the intracavity absorption spectrum in the compliance voltage of the laser device itself. To demonstrate and characterize the technique, we measure infrared absorption spectra of chemicals including water vapor and Freon-134a. Sub-ppm detection limits in one second are achieved, with the potential for increased sensitivity after further optimization. The technique enables development of handheld, high-sensitivity, and high-accuracy trace gas sensors for in-field use.

Phillips, Mark C.; Taubman, Matthew S.

2013-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

257

Optimization of the configuration of a symmetric three-barrier resonant-tunneling structure as an active element of a quantum cascade detector  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On the basis of a model of rectangular potentials and different electron effective masses in wells and barriers of an open resonant-tunneling structure with identical outer barriers, a theory has been developed and the dynamic conductance caused by the interaction of the electromagnetic field with electrons passing through the structure has been calculated. Using the example of the three-barrier resonant-tunneling structure with In{sub 0.53}Ga{sub 0.47}As wells and In{sub 0.52}Al{sub 0.48}As barriers, it is shown that, independently of the geometrical sizes of potential wells and barriers, there exist three geometrical configurations (positions of the inner barrier with respect to outer ones) at which the nanosystem, as an active element, provides optimum operating conditions of the quantum cascade detector.

Tkach, N. V., E-mail: ktf@chnu.edu.ua; Seti, Ju. A. [Fedkovich Chernivtsy National University (Ukraine)

2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

258

Core Measure Results  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Core Measure Core Measure Results FY 07 Results FY 08 Results FY 09 Results FY 10 Target FY 10 Customer Perspective: Customer Satisfaction: -Timeliness NM 81 NM NM NM -Quality NM 90 NM NM NM Effective Service Partnership: -Extent of Customer Satisfaction with the responsiveness, etc. NM 87 NM NM NM Internal Business Perspective: Acquisition Excellence: -Extent to which internal quality control systems are effective 86 87 84 87 88 Most Effective Use of Contracting Approaches to Maximize Efficiency and Cost Effectiveness: Use of Electronic Commerce: - % of delivery & purchase orders issued electronically as a % of total simplified actions 70 72 89 99 100 - % of new competitive transactions > $100K conducted through EC 70 72 91 100 95 Performance Based Service Contracts: - PBSCs awarded as a % of eligible new

259

Effects of Downscattering on the Continuum and Line Spectra in Powerful Wind Environment. Monte Carlo Simulations, Analytical Results and Data Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In Paper by Titarchuk & Shrader the general formulation and results for photon reprocessing (downscattering) that included recoil and Comptonization effects due to divergence of the flow were presented. Here we show the Monte Carlo (MC) simulated continuum and line spectra. We also provide an analytical description of the simulated continuum spectra using the diffusion approximation. We have simulated the propagation of monochromatic and continuum photons in a bulk outflow from a compact object. Electron scattering of the photons within the expanding flow leads to a decrease of their energy which is of first order in V/c (where V is the outflow velocity). The downscattering effect of first order in V/c in the diverging flow is explained by semi-analytical calculations and confirmed by MC simulations. We conclude that redshifted lines and downscattering bumps are intrinsic properties of the powerful outflows for which Thomson optical depth is greater than one. We fitted our model line profiles to the observations using four free parameters, \\beta=V/c, optical depth of the wind \\tau, the wind temperature kT_e and the original line photon energy E_0. We show how the primary spectrum emitted close to the black hole is modified by reprocessing in the warm wind. In the framework of the our wind model the fluorescent iron line K_alpha is formed in the partly ionized wind as a result of illumination by central source continuum photons. The demonstrated application of our outflow model to the XMM observations of MCG 6-30-15, and to the ASCA observations of GRO J1655-40, points out a potential powerful spectral diagnostic for probes of the outflow-central object connection in Galactic and extragalactic BH sources.

Philippe Laurent; Lev Titarchuk

2006-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

260

Longitudinal Load and Cascading Failure Risk Assessment (CASE): Central Louisiana Electric Cooperative's 500-kV Toledo-Coushatta Transmission Line  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

EPRI's Cascading Failure Risk Assessment (CASE) methodology was used to determine extreme event, unbalanced loads on Central Louisiana Electric Company's (CLECO) 500-kV, single circuit, Toledo-Coushatta transmission line. The methodology also identified the line's cascading potential under different loading conditions.

1998-03-11T23:59:59.000Z

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261

DOE Average Results  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE DOE Average Results FY 12 DOE Target FY 12 Customer Perspective: Customer Satisfaction: -Timeliness 92 88 -Quality 94 92 Effective Service Partnership: -Extent of Customer Satisfaction with the responsiveness, etc. 90 92 Internal Business Perspective: Acquisition Excellence: -Extent to which internal quality control systems are effective 90 88 Most Effective Use of Contracting Approaches to Maximize Efficiency and Cost Effectiveness: Use of Competition: -% of total $'s obligated on competitive acquisitions >$3000 (Agency Level Only) 94 85 -% of acquisition actions competed for actions > $3000 (Agency Level Only) 65 68 Performance Based Acquisition: - % PBA actions relative to total eligible new acquisition actions (applicable to new actions > $25K) 82

262

Silver Clear Nylon Dressing is Effective in Preventing Radiation-Induced Dermatitis in Patients With Lower Gastrointestinal Cancer: Results From a Phase III Study  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: For patients with anal canal and advanced rectal cancer, chemoradiation therapy is a curative modality or an important adjunct to surgery. Nearly all patients treated with chemoradiation experience some degree of radiation-induced dermatitis (RID). Prevention and effective treatment of RID, therefore, is of considerable clinical relevance. The present phase III randomized trial compared the efficacy of silver clear nylon dressing (SCND) with that of standard skin care for these patients. Methods and Materials: A total of 42 rectal or anal canal cancer patients were randomized to either a SCND or standard skin care group. SCND was applied from Day 1 of radiation therapy (RT) until 2 weeks after treatment completion. In the control arm, sulfadiazine cream was applied at the time of skin dermatitis. Printed digital photographs taken 2 weeks prior to, on the last day, and two weeks after the treatment completion were scored by 10 blinded readers, who used the common toxicity scoring system for skin dermatitis. Results: The radiation dose ranged from 50.4 to 59.4 Gy, and there were no differences between the 2 groups. On the last day of RT, when the most severe RID occurs, the mean dermatitis score was 2.53 (standard deviation [SD], 1.17) for the standard and 1.67 (SD, 1.2; P=.01) for the SCND arm. At 2 weeks after RT, the difference was 0.39 points in favor of SCND (P=.39). There was considerable intraclass correlation among the 10 observers. Conclusions: Silver clear nylon dressing is effective in reducing RID in patients with lower gastrointestinal cancer treated with combined chemotherapy and radiation treatment.

Niazi, Tamim M. [Segal Cancer Centre, Department of Radiation Oncology, Jewish General Hospital, McGill University (Canada)] [Segal Cancer Centre, Department of Radiation Oncology, Jewish General Hospital, McGill University (Canada); Vuong, Te, E-mail: tvuong@jgh.mcgill.ca [Segal Cancer Centre, Department of Radiation Oncology, Jewish General Hospital, McGill University (Canada)] [Segal Cancer Centre, Department of Radiation Oncology, Jewish General Hospital, McGill University (Canada); Azoulay, Laurant [Department of Epidemiology, Jewish General Hospital, McGill University (Canada)] [Department of Epidemiology, Jewish General Hospital, McGill University (Canada); Marijnen, Corrie [Department of Clinical Oncology, Leiden University Medical Center, Amsterdam (Netherlands)] [Department of Clinical Oncology, Leiden University Medical Center, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Bujko, Kryzstof [Department of Radiotherapy, The Maria Sklodowska-Curie Memorial Cancer Centre, Warsaw (Poland)] [Department of Radiotherapy, The Maria Sklodowska-Curie Memorial Cancer Centre, Warsaw (Poland); Nasr, Elie [Department of Radiation Oncology, Hotel-Dieu de France Hospital (Lebanon)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Hotel-Dieu de France Hospital (Lebanon); Lambert, Christine; Duclos, Marie; Faria, Sergio; David, Marc [Department of Radiation Oncology, Montreal-General-Hospital, McGill University, Montreal (Canada)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Montreal-General-Hospital, McGill University, Montreal (Canada); Cummings, Bernard [Department of Radiation Oncology, Princess Margaret Hospital, University of Toronto (Canada)] [Department of Radiation Oncology, Princess Margaret Hospital, University of Toronto (Canada)

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

Above room-temperature operation of InAs/AlGaSb superlattice quantum cascade lasers emitting at 12 {mu}m  

SciTech Connect

The authors report on above-room-temperature operation of InAs/AlGaSb quantum cascade lasers emitting at 12 {mu}m. The laser structures are grown on a n-InAs (100) substrate using solid-source molecular beam epitaxy. An InAs/AlGaSb superlattice is used as an active part and an InAs double plasmon waveguide is used for optical confinement. Results show that increased doping concentration in the injection part of the active region expands the current operation range of the devices, allowing laser operation at and above room temperature. The observed threshold current density is 4.0 kA/cm{sup 2} at 300 K; the maximum operation temperature is 340 K.

Ohtani, K.; Moriyasu, Y.; Ohnishi, H.; Ohno, H. [Laboratory for Nanoelectronics and Semiconductor Spintronics, Research Institute of Electrical Communication, Tohoku University, Katahira 2-1-1, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8577 (Japan)

2007-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

264

Cerenkov-type phase-matched second-harmonic emission from GaAs/AlGaAs quantum-cascade lasers  

SciTech Connect

Second-harmonic (SH) emission in the form of Cerenkov-type phase-matched radiation has been measured for quantum-cascade lasers (QCLs) with built-in nonlinearities. The QCLs operate at 10.9 {mu}m wavelength and, due to material dispersion, show a high collinear phase mismatch, resulting in low SH external conversion efficiencies on the order of 2 {mu}W/W{sup 2}. Due to our waveguide design, we were able to couple out and measure the generated SH light in the form of Cerenkov-type phase-matched radiation from the substrate of the device. The SH power collected from the Cerenkov beam leads to an increased external conversion efficiency of {approx}50 {mu}W/W{sup 2}.

Austerer, M.; Detz, H.; Schartner, S.; Nobile, M.; Schrenk, W.; Andrews, A. M.; Klang, P. [Center for Micro- and Nanostructures, TU Vienna, Floragasse 7, A-1040 Vienna (Austria); Strasser, G. [Departments of Electrical Engineering and Physics, SUNY at Buffalo, New York 14260 (United States)

2008-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

265

Validation of the Poisson Stochastic Radiative Transfer Model Against Cloud Cascade Models  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Poisson Stochastic Radiative Transfer Poisson Stochastic Radiative Transfer Model Against Cloud Cascade Models T. B. Zhuravleva Institute of Atmospheric Optics Tomsk, Russia A. Marshak National Aeronautics and Space Administration Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt, Maryland Background Starting from a very simple stochastic cloud model by Mullamaa et al. (1972), several different stochastic models have been developed to describe radiative transfer regime in single-layer broken clouds (Kargin 1984; Titov 1990; Malvagi and Pomraning 1992; Barker et al. 1992; Malvagi et al. 1993; Kargin and Prigarin 1994; Prigarin and Titov 1996; Marshak et al. 1998; Prigarin et al. 1998, 2001; Evans et al. 1999, 2001). Recently Kassianov (2003a) generalized the Titov's (1990) stochastic model

266

First search for atmospheric and extraterrestrial neutrino-induced cascades with the IceCube detector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report on the first search for atmospheric and for diffuse astrophysical neutrino-induced showers (cascades) in the IceCube detector using 257 days of data collected in the year 2007-2008 with 22 strings active. A total of 14 events with energies above 16 TeV remained after event selections in the diffuse analysis, with an expected total background contribution of $8.3\\pm 3.6$. At 90% confidence we set an upper limit of $E^2\\Phi_{90%CL}<3.6\\times10^{-7} GeV \\cdot cm^{-2} \\cdot s^{-1}\\cdot sr^{-1} $ on the diffuse flux of neutrinos of all flavors in the energy range between 24 TeV and 6.6 PeV assuming that $\\Phi \\propto E^{-2}$ and that the flavor composition of the $\

IceCube Collaboration; R. Abbasi; Y. Abdou; T. Abu-Zayyad; J. Adams; J. A. Aguilar; M. Ahlers; K. Andeen; J. Auffenberg; X. Bai; M. Baker; S. W. Barwick; R. Bay; J. L. Bazo Alba; K. Beattie; J. J. Beatty; S. Bechet; J. K. Becker; K. -H. Becker; M. L. Benabderrahmane; S. BenZvi; J. Berdermann; P. Berghaus; D. Berley; E. Bernardini; D. Bertrand; D. Z. Besson; D. Bindig; M. Bissok; E. Blaufuss; J. Blumenthal; D. J. Boersma; C. Bohm; D. Bose; S. B; "oser; O. Botner; J. Braun; A. M. Brown; S. Buitink; M. Carson; D. Chirkin; B. Christy; J. Clem; F. Clevermann; S. Cohen; C. Colnard; D. F. Cowen; M. V. D'Agostino; M. Danninger; J. Daughhetee; J. C. Davis; C. De Clercq; L. Demir; "ors; T. Denger; O. Depaepe; F. Descamps; P. Desiati; G. de Vries-Uiterweerd; T. DeYoung; J. C. D'iaz-Vélez; M. Dierckxsens; J. Dreyer; J. P. Dumm; R. Ehrlich; J. Eisch; R. W. Ellsworth; O. Engdeg aard; S. Euler; P. A. Evenson; O. Fadiran; A. R. Fazely; A. Fedynitch; T. Feusels; K. Filimonov; C. Finley; T. Fischer-Wasels; M. M. Foerster; B. D. Fox; A. Franckowiak; R. Franke; T. K. Gaisser; J. Gallagher; M. Geisler; L. Gerhardt; L. Gladstone; T. Glüsenkamp; A. Goldschmidt; J. A. Goodman; D. Grant; T. Griesel; A. Gross; S. Grullon; M. Gurtner; C. Ha; A. Hallgren; F. Halzen; K. Han; K. Hanson; D. Heinen; K. Helbing; P. Herquet; S. Hickford; G. C. Hill; K. D. Hoffman; A. Homeier; K. Hoshina; D. Hubert; W. Huelsnitz; J. -P. Hülß; P. O. Hulth; K. Hultqvist; S. Hussain; A. Ishihara; J. Jacobsen; G. S. Japaridze; H. Johansson; J. M. Joseph; K. -H. Kampert; A. Kappes; T. Karg; A. Karle; J. L. Kelley; P. Kenny; J. Kiryluk; F. Kislat; S. R. Klein; J. -H. Köhne; G. Kohnen; H. Kolanoski; L. Köpke; S. Kopper; D. J. Koskinen; M. Kowalski; T. Kowarik; M. Krasberg; T. Krings; G. Kroll; K. Kuehn; T. Kuwabara; M. Labare; S. Lafebre; K. Laihem; H. Landsman; M. J. Larson; R. Lauer; J. Lünemann; J. Madsen; P. Majumdar; A. Marotta; R. Maruyama; K. Mase; H. S. Matis; K. Meagher; M. Merck; P. Mészáros; T. Meures; E. Middell; N. Milke; J. Miller; T. Montaruli; R. Morse; S. M. Movit; R. Nahnhauer; J. W. Nam; U. Naumann; P. Nie\\ssen; D. R. Nygren; S. Odrowski; A. Olivas; M. Olivo; A. O'Murchadha; M. Ono; S. Panknin; L. Paul; C. Pérez de los Heros; J. Petrovic; A. Piegsa; D. Pieloth; R. Porrata; J. Posselt; P. B. Price; M. Prikockis; G. T. Przybylski; K. Rawlins; P. Redl; E. Resconi; W. Rhode; M. Ribordy; A. Rizzo; J. P. Rodrigues; P. Roth; F. Rothmaier; C. Rott; T. Ruhe; D. Rutledge; B. Ruzybayev; D. Ryckbosch; H. -G. Sander; M. Santander; S. Sarkar; K. Schatto; T. Schmidt; A. Schoenwald; A. Schukraft; A. Schultes; O. Schulz; M. Schunck; D. Seckel; B. Semburg; S. H. Seo; Y. Sestayo; S. Seunarine; A. Silvestri; A. Slipak; G. M. Spiczak; C. Spiering; M. Stamatikos; T. Stanev; G. Stephens; T. Stezelberger; R. G. Stokstad; S. Stoyanov; E. A. Strahler; T. Straszheim; M. Stür; G. W. Sullivan; Q. Swillens; H. Taavola; I. Taboada; A. Tamburro; O. Tarasova; A. Tepe; S. Ter-Antonyan; S. Tilav; P. A. Toale; S. Toscano; D. Tosi; D. Tur\\v\\can; N. van Eijndhoven; J. Vandenbroucke; A. Van Overloop; J. van Santen; M. Vehring; M. Voge; B. Voigt; C. Walck; T. Waldenmaier; M. Wallraff; M. Walter; Ch. Weaver; C. Wendt; S. Westerhoff; N. Whitehorn; K. Wiebe; C. H. Wiebusch; D. R. Williams; R. Wischnewski; H. Wissing; M. Wolf; K. Woschnagg; C. Xu; X. W. Xu; G. Yodh; S. Yoshida; P. Zarzhitsky

2011-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

267

Mid-infrared InAs/AlGaSb superlattice quantum-cascade lasers  

SciTech Connect

We report on the demonstration of mid-infrared InAs/AlGaSb superlattice quantum-cascade lasers operating at 10 {mu}m. The laser structures are grown on n-InAs (100) substrate by solid-source molecular-beam epitaxy. An InAs/AlGaSb chirped superlattice structure providing a large oscillator strength and fast carrier depopulation is employed as the active part. The observed minimum threshold current density at 80 K is 0.7 kA/cm{sup 2}, and the maximum operation temperature in pulse mode is 270 K. The waveguide loss of an InAs plasmon waveguide is estimated, and the factors that determine the operation temperature are discussed.

Ohtani, K.; Fujita, K.; Ohno, H. [Laboratory for Nanoelectronics and Semiconductor Spintronics, Research Institute of Electrical Communication, Tohoku University, Katahira 2-1-1, Aoba-ku, Sendai (Japan)

2005-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

268

Elliptic Flow from a Hybrid CGC, Full 3D Hydro and Hadronic Cascade Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the robustness of the discovery of the perfect fluid through comparison of hydrodynamic calculations with the elliptic flow coefficient v_2 at midrapidity in Au+Au collisions at sqrt{s_{NN}}=200 GeV. Employing the Glauber model for initial entropy density distributions, the centrality dependence of v_2 is reasonably reproduced by using an ideal fluid description of the early QGP stage followed by a hadronic cascade in the late hadronic stage. On the other hand, initial conditions based on the Colour Glass Condensate model are found to generate larger elliptic flow due to larger initial eccentricity epsilon. We further predict v_2/epsilon at a fixed impact parameter as a function of collision energy sqrt{s_{NN}} up to the LHC energy.

Tetsufumi Hirano; Ulrich W. Heinz; Dmitri Kharzeev; Roy Lacey; Yasushi Nara

2007-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

269

Discovering a Higgs boson decaying to four jets in supersymmetric cascade decays  

SciTech Connect

The Higgs boson may dominantly decay to four light jets through a light pseudoscalar intermediary: h{yields}2{eta}{yields}4j, making reconstruction at the LHC particularly challenging. We explore the phenomenology of such ''buried Higgs'' scenarios in which the primary discovery channel of the Higgs is in cascade decays of superpartners. QCD backgrounds that would otherwise overwhelm the Higgs decay are suppressed by the requirement of high p{sub T} jets and large missing transverse momentum that are the typical signatures of TeV scale supersymmetry. Utilizing jet substructure techniques, we find that for buried Higgses in the 100-120 GeV range, a 5{sigma} discovery can be expected with roughly 10-25 fb{sup -1} of data at E{sub CM}=14 TeV. For lighter Higgs bosons, the signal is contaminated by hadronically decaying W bosons, and discovery remains an unsolved challenge.

Bellazzini, Brando; Csaki, Csaba [Institute for High Energy Phenomenology, Newman Laboratory of Elementary Particle Physics, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853 (United States); Hubisz, Jay; Shao, Jing [201 Physics Building, Syracuse University, Syracuse, New York 13244 (United States)

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Temperature limits in laser cooling of free atoms with three-level cascade transitions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We employ semiclassical theoretical analysis to study laser cooling of free atoms using three-level cascade transitions, where the upper transition is much weaker than the lower one. This represents an alternate cooling scheme, particularly useful for group II atoms. We find that temperatures below the Doppler limits associated with each of these transitions are expected. The lowest temperatures arise from a remarkable increase in damping and reduced diffusion compared to two-level cooling. They are reached at the two-photon resonance, where there is a crossing between the narrow and the partially-dark dressed states, and can be estimated simply by the usual Doppler limit considering the decay rate of the optical coherence between these states.

Cruz, Flavio C; Magno, Wictor C

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

Enhancement of existing geothermal resource utilization by cascading to intensive aquaculture  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Aquaculture, the farming and husbandry of freshwater and marine organisms, is the newest and fastest growing US agricultural sector. In New Mexico, low winter temperatures and limited freshwater sources narrow culture production possibilities; however, it has long been recognized that the state has abundant supplies of both saline and geothermal ground waters. The purpose of this project was to demonstrate the achievable energy savings and value enhancement of the byproduct geothermal energy by cascading fluids for the production of commercial aquaculture species. Specifically the project involved evaluating the heating systems performance in terms of heating budget for the geothermal assist, determine the total quantity of water used for culture and heating, amount of geothermal byproduct heat extracted, and ability of the system to maintain culture water temperatures during critical heating periods of the year. In addition, an analysis was conducted to determine the compatibility of this new system with existing greenhouse heating requirements.

Zachritz, W.H. II; Polka, R.; Schoenmackers, R.

1995-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

272

Fuel cell and system for supplying electrolyte thereto utilizing cascade feed  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electrolyte distribution supply system for use with a fuel cell having a wicking medium for drawing electrolyte therein is formed by a set of containers of electrolyte joined to respective fuel cells or groups thereof in a stack of such cells. The electrolyte is separately stored so as to provide for electrical isolation between electrolytes of the individual cells or groups of cells of the stack. Individual storage compartments are coupled by individual tubes, the ends of the respective tubes terminating on the wicking medium in each of the respective fuel cells. The individual compartments are filled with electrolyte by allowing the compartments to overflow such as in a cascading fashion thereby maintaining the requisite depth of electrolyte in each of the storage compartments. The individual compartments can also contain packed carbon fibers to provide a three stage electrolyte distribution system.

Feigenbaum, Haim (Highland Park, NJ)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Cascaded'' pilot regulators help reduce LPG loss in hot weather  

SciTech Connect

Fina Oil and Chemical Co. and Fisher Controls International used engineering resourcefulness to overcome heat-induced product loss from LPG storage bullets at Fina's Port Arthur, Tex., refinery. Fina had installed Fisher's Easy Joe 399A-6365, a pilot-operated, back-pressure-type regulator, on its LPG storage facility in 1991 as part of a fuel products modernization project. The regulators helped control the accumulation of noncondensible vapors, which collect in the storage bullets above the LPG. But summer heat extremes and surges in the tanks and lines made it possible for the operating pressure to increase so that the safety relief valve was activated before the pilot regulator was able to stabilize the pressure. The installation of pilot-type regulators, in cascaded, or series, formation, reduced product venting through relief valves.

1994-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

274

Grid connection of wave power farm using an N-level cascaded H-bridge multilevel inverter  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An N-level cascaded H-bridge multilevel inverter is proposed for grid connection of large wave power farms. The point-absorber wave energy converters are individually rectified and used as isolated DC-sources. The variable power characteristics of the ...

Rickard Ekström, Mats Leijon

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Daily combined economic emission scheduling of hydrothermal systems with cascaded reservoirs using self organizing hierarchical particle swarm optimization technique  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Daily optimum economic emission scheduling of hydrothermal systems is an important task in the operation of power systems. Many heuristic techniques such as differential evolution, and particle swarm optimization have been applied to solve this problem ... Keywords: Cascaded reservoirs, Combined economic emission scheduling (CEES), Hydrothermal systems, Self-organizing particle swarm optimization with time-varying acceleration coefficients (SOHPSO_TVAC)

K. K. Mandal; N. Chakraborty

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Low-threshold terahertz quantum-cascade lasers with one-well injector operating up to 174 K  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report operation of v ~ 2.7 THz quantum-cascade lasers (QCLs) up to 174 K. A new three-well active region, one-well injector scheme is utilized to lower the operating current densities. While the temperature performance ...

Kumar, Sushil

277

IEEE POWER ENGINEERING SOCIETY GENERAL MEETING, PITTSBURGH, PA USA JULY 2008 1 Initial review of methods for cascading failure  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of methods for cascading failure analysis in electric power transmission systems IEEE PES CAMS Task Force. The vital importance of electric power to our society motivates continued attention to maintaining power the power system. This definition is consistent with the usage in [10]. It differs from [75], who limit

Dobson, Ian

278

Erlotinib inhibits T-cell-mediated immune response via down-regulation of the c-Raf/ERK cascade and Akt signaling pathway  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Erlotinib is a potent inhibitor of epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase and has been demonstrated to treat advanced or metastatic non-small cell lung cancer to prolong survival after failure of first-line or second-line chemotherapy. However, little is known about its effects on immune system. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the immunosuppressive activity of erlotinib on T lymphocytes both in vitro and in vivo, and further explore its potential molecular mechanism. Erlotinib exerted a significant inhibition on the T cell proliferation and activation induced by concanavalin A, anti-CD3 plus anti-CD28, staphylococcal enterotoxin B or phorbol myristate acetate respectively in a concentration-dependent manner and it also inhibited the secretion of the proinflammatory cytokines such as IL-2 and IFN-{gamma} of activated T cells. Further study showed that erlotinib caused G0/G1 arrest and suppressed the phosphorylations of c-Raf, ERK and Akt in activated T cells. Moreover, erlotinib significantly ameliorated picryl chloride-induced ear contact dermatitis in a dose-dependent manner in vivo. In summary, these findings suggest that erlotinib may cause the impairment of T-cell-mediated immune response both in vitro and in vivo through inhibiting T cell proliferation and activation, which is closely associated with its potent down-regulation of the c-Raf/ERK cascade and Akt signaling pathway. - Graphical abstract: Erlotinib may cause the impairment of T-cell-mediated immune response both in vitro and in vivo through inhibiting T cell proliferation and activation, which is closely associated with its potent down-regulation of the c-Raf/ERK cascade and Akt signaling pathway. Display Omitted

Luo Qiong [State Key Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, School of Life Sciences, Nanjing University 22 Han Kou Road, Nanjing 210093 (China); Gu Yanhong [Department of Clinical Oncology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing 210029 (China); Zheng Wei; Wu Xingxin; Gong Fangyuan; Gu Liyun; Sun Yang [State Key Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, School of Life Sciences, Nanjing University 22 Han Kou Road, Nanjing 210093 (China); Xu Qiang, E-mail: molpharm@163.com [State Key Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, School of Life Sciences, Nanjing University 22 Han Kou Road, Nanjing 210093 (China)

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

279

Toward the Total Synthesis of Norzoanthamine: The Development of a Transannular Michael Reaction Cascade  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Norzoanthamine is a complex heptacyclic marine alkaloid isolated from colonial zoanthids. It potently inhibits loss of bone weight and strength in a postmenopausal osteoporosis mouse model, but its mode-of-action remains unknown. The scarcity of this natural product from its natural source and the need to access analogs for structure-activity relationship (SAR) study make it necessary to chemically synthesize this compound. However, the complex molecular skeleton, especially the highly functionalized and stereochemically complex ABC core structure of the natural product poses a significant challenge. As part of our efforts to develop a practical synthetic route to norzoanthamine, we systematically explored a transannular Michael reaction cascade in the context of the synthesis of angular 6-6-6 tricyclic ring system, a mimic of the ABC core structure of norzoanthamine. Using 1,7-bis-enones in the form of 14-membered macrocyclic lactone as model substrates, we demonstrated that both E,Z- and E,E-macrocycles underwent facile transannular reactions to give cis-syn-cis and trans-anti-trans ring systems, respectively. However, Z,E- and Z,Z- macrocycles did not cyclize under similar reactions. The similarities and differences between transannular Diels-Alder reactions and this transannular cyclization process were also disclosed. Building upon these preliminary studies, we developed a 12-linear step synthesis of the ABC carbocyclic core of norzoanthamine. It features an organocatalytic asymmetric intramolecular aldolization to set the stereochemistry of the entire molecule, a fragment coupling based on selective alkylation of a bis-enolate, and a transannular Michael reaction cascade for rapid and stereoselective synthesis of the polycyclic core. Subsequent Claisen rearrangement enabled installation of a handle for introduction of the bottom piece to complete the total synthesis. Other efforts toward the total synthesis have also been discussed.

Xue, Haoran

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

TESLA Report 2003-10 Studies of Electromagnetic Cascade Showers Development in the TESLA Main Linac Initiated by Electron Field Emission in RF Cavities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

this paper, and, in order to see this point more clearly, none of the other possible particle multiplication processes will be included in our simulations. 2 Simulation Procedure and Code Design The process of particle transport in our computer code DUST (DUnkel STrom, in German) is organized in such a way that it naturally breaks down into two parts, Monte Carlo simulation of the electromagnetic shower development when a particle impacts the inner vacuum surface of the accelerator, and particle dynamics in an electromagnetic field inside the accelerator vacuum. As usual, the accelerator to be studied is described as a sequence of physical elements. The user specifies the element geometry, materials and electromagnetic fields. And although we have not implemented something similar to the MAD [20] lattice description language yet, to simplify the accelerator description, elements in our program can be grouped into di#erent modules, from modules one constructs cells, and a sequence of cells forms the linac. 2.1 Particle Transport in Nonvacuum Media When an energetic primary particle incidents on a mass of material of su#cient thickness a cascade of particles and electromagnetic radiation of great complexity results, and the most practical way to obtain the characteristics of this cascade, the distribution and parameters of secondary particles, especially for complicated material geometries, is through Monte Carlo simulations. Even though a code for the transport of high energy particles (in GeV range) can be developed without too great complications (see, for example, [21], [22]), the accurate simulation of the low energy particles is a very demanding e#ort. So, it is obvious, that it is better to use a thoroughly tested, standard programme, based on an extensive and r...

Balandin Brinkmann Flottmann; V. Bal; R. Brinkmann; K. Flöttmann; N. Golubeva

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "resulting cascading effect" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Effects of processing variables on the hydrogen content and resultant mechanical properties of uranium and uranium-3/4 wt % titanium alloy  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Uranium and its alloys are capable of being processed, fabricated and heat treated by many different methods. The deleterious effects of hydrogen on the mechanical properties of uranium and its alloys are well established. In this study the effects of certain processing procedures on hydrogen absorption and removal were investigated. Both unalloyed uranium and uranium-3/4 wt % titanium were involved in this work. The tensile test data for both materials clearly show the adverse effects of hydrogen absorption.

Muller, J.F.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Effect of a 90° Elbow on the Accuracy of an Insertion Flowmeter, Results and Comparisons for 4 and 6 in. Diameter PVC Pipe  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermal energy consumption in buildings with chilled or hot water distribution systems is often monitored through the use of some type of flow metering device. These flowmeters can be fixed types, such as venturis or orifices, or insertion flowmeters which can be more easily installed and removed. The easy removal and reinstallation of the insertion type flowmeters makes them good choices for use in existing buildings or in retrofit projects. Besides the installation benefits, insertion flowmeters can also be installed while the pipe is in service or ''hot tapped". With any type flowmeter however, location in the pipe is a critical problem and deserves special consideration. Ideally, the meter should be inserted in existing pipe with a minimum of 10 to 15 diameters of straight pipe upstream of the meter location. This is rarely the case in existing piping distribution systems. It is much more common to be faced with only one or two candidate metering locations and these often are very short straight runs or will have elbows upstream and downstream of the proposed metering location. This paper reports on flow measurement error resulting from an insertion flowmeter installed downstream of a 90° elbow. The measurement errors were compared for tests conducted in 4.0 and 6.0 inch (0.1 and 0.15 meter) diameter PVC pipe. The insertion flowmeter was a nonmagnetic, tangential paddle wheel type. The flowmeter was located from 2 to 10 pipe diameters downstream fiom a 90° elbow with fluid velocities ranging from 1.0 to 10.0 ft/s (0.3 to 3.0 m/s). At each flowmeter location, the meter was rotated in 45° increments around the circumference of the pipe to quantify the effect of circumferential location on flow error. The flowmeters were tested at the energy metering calibration facility at the Texas A&M University Energy Systems Laboratory Riverside campus. Flowmeter output was compared to mass flow measurements obtained 6om precision load cells mounted beneath a 1342 ft^3 (38 m^3 ) weigh tank. All output is given in terms of percent error relative to the load cells. Final results are presented as a bction of flowmeter downstream location, circumferential rotation angle, and fluid velocity. Circumferential meter location was found to be a very important factor. The percent difference for the tested flow meters ranged 6om -23% to -5% in the 4.0 in. (0.1 m) pipe and 6om -33% to 1% in the 6.0 in. (0.15 m) pipe. The ''best" location for these flowmeters was at zero degrees rotation angle, regardless of pipe size or meter location relative to the upstream 90° elbow.

Bryant, J. A.; O'Neal, D. L.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Effects of Stratospheric Lapse Rate on Thunderstorm Cloud-Top Structure in a Three-Dimensional Numerical Simulation. Part I: Some Basic Results of Comparative Experiments  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An anelastic three-dimensional model is used to investigate the effects of stratospheric temperature lapse rate on cloud top height/temperature structure for strongly sheared mature isolated midlatitude thunderstorms. Three comparative ...

Robert E. Schlesinger

1988-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Fuel Sulfur Effects on a Medium-Duty Diesel Pick-Up with a NOx Adsorber, Diesel Particle Filter Emissions Control System: 2000-Hour Aging Results  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Discusses the emission results of a nitrogen oxide adsorber catalyst and a diesel particle filter in a medium-duty, diesel pick-up truck.

Thornton, M.; Webb, C. C.; Weber, P. A.; Orban, J.; Slone, E.

2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

An Optimization-Based Algorithm for Scheduling Hydrothermal Power Systems with Cascaded Reservoirs and Discrete Hydro Constraints  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An optimization-based algorithm is presented for the short-term scheduling of hydrothermal power systems using the Lagrangian relaxation technique. This paper concentrates on the solution methodology for hydro subproblems with cascaded reservoirs and discrete hydro constraints. Continuous reservoir dynamics and constraints, discontinuous operating regions, discrete operating states, and hydraulic coupling of cascaded reservoirs are considered in an integrated fashion. The key idea is to substitute out the reservoir dynamics and to relax the reservoir level constraints by using another set of multipliers, making a hydro subproblem unit-wise and stage-wise decomposable. The optimal generation level for each operating state at each hour can be obtained simply by minimizing a single variable function. Dynamic programming is then applied to optimize the operating states across the planning horizon with a small number of well-structured transitions. A modified subgradient algorithm is used...

Xiaohong Guan; Ernan Ni; Renhou Li; Peter B. Luh

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Geological and Geothermal Investigation of the Lower Wind River Valley, Southwestern Washington Cascade Range  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Wind River Valley, on the west slope of the Cascade Range, is a northwest-trending drainage that joins the Columbia River near Carson, Washington. The region has been heavily dissected by fluvial and glacial erosion. Ridges have sharp crests and deep subsidiary valleys typical of a mature topography, with a total relief of as much as 900 m. The region is vegetated by fir and hemlock, as well as dense, brushy ground-cover and undergrowth. The lower 8 km of the valley is privately owned and moderately populated. The upper reaches lies within the Gifford Pinchot National Forest, and include several campgrounds and day parks, the Carson National Fish Hatchery, and the Wind River Ranger Station and Wind River Nursery of the US Forest Service. Logging activity is light due to the rugged terrain, and consequently, most valley slopes are not accessible by vehicle. The realization that a potential for significant geothermal resources exists in the Wind River area was brought about by earlier exploration activities. Geologic mapping and interpretation was needed to facilitate further exploration of the resource by providing a knowledge of possible geologic controls on the geothermal system. This report presents the detailed geology of the lower Wind River valley with emphasis on those factors that bear significantly on development of a geothermal resource.

Berri, Dulcy A.; Korosec, Michael A.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

First search for atmospheric and extraterrestrial neutrino-induced cascades with the IceCube detector  

SciTech Connect

We report on the first search for atmospheric and for diffuse astrophysical neutrino-induced showers (cascades) in the IceCube detector using 257 days of data collected in the year 2007-2008 with 22 strings active. A total of 14 events with energies above 16 TeV remained after event selections in the diffuse analysis, with an expected total background contribution of 8.3{+-}3.6. At 90% confidence we set an upper limit of E{sup 2}{Phi}{sub 90%CL}<3.6x10{sup -7} GeV{center_dot}cm{sup -2}{center_dot}s{sup -1}{center_dot}sr{sup -1} on the diffuse flux of neutrinos of all flavors in the energy range between 24 TeV and 6.6 PeV assuming that {Phi}{proportional_to}E{sup -2} and the flavor composition of the {nu}{sub e} ratio {nu}{sub {mu}} ratio {nu}{sub {tau}} flux is 1 ratio 1 ratio 1 at the Earth. The atmospheric neutrino analysis was optimized for lower energies. A total of 12 events were observed with energies above 5 TeV. The observed number of events is consistent with the expected background, within the uncertainties.

Abbasi, R.; Aguilar, J. A.; Andeen, K.; Baker, M.; BenZvi, S.; Berghaus, P.; Braun, J.; Chirkin, D.; Desiati, P.; Diaz-Velez, J. C.; Dumm, J. P.; Eisch, J.; Gladstone, L.; Grullon, S.; Halzen, F.; Hill, G. C.; Hoshina, K.; Jacobsen, J.; Karle, A.; Kelley, J. L. [Department of Physics, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53706 (United States)

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

An inverted AlGaAs/GaAs patterned-Ge tunnel junction cascade concentrator solar cell  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report describes work to develop inverted-grown Al[sub 0.34]Ga[sub 0.66]As/GaAs cascades. Several significant developments are reported on as follows: (1) The AM1.5 1-sun total-area efficiency of the top Al[sub 0.34]Ga[sub 0.66]As cell for the cascade was improved from 11.3% to 13.2% (NREL measurement [total-area]). (2) The cycled'' organometallic vapor phase epitaxy growth (OMVPE) was studied in detail utilizing a combination of characterization techniques including Hall-data, photoluminescence, and secondary ion mass spectroscopy. (3) A technique called eutectic-metal-bonding (EMB) was developed by strain-free mounting of thin GaAs-AlGaAs films (based on lattice-matched growth on Ge substrates and selective plasma etching of Ge substrates) onto Si carrier substrates. Minority-carrier lifetime in an EMB GaAs double-heterostructure was measured as high as 103 nsec, the highest lifetime report for a freestanding GaAs thin film. (4) A thin-film, inverted-grown GaAs cell with a 1-sun AM1.5 active-area efficiency of 20.3% was obtained. This cell was eutectic-metal-bonded onto Si. (5) A thin-film inverted-grown, Al[sub 0.34]Ga[sub 0.66]As/GaAs cascade with AM1.5 efficiency of 19.9% and 21% at 1-sun and 7-suns, respectively, was obtained. This represents an important milestone in the development of an AlGaAs/GaAs cascade by OMVPE utilizing a tunnel interconnect and demonstrates a proof-of-concept for the inverted-growth approach.

Venkatasubramanian, R. (Research Triangle Inst., Research Triangle Park, NC (United States))

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

289

Cherenkov high-order harmonic generation by multistep cascading in {chi}{sup (2)} nonlinear photonic crystal  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a scheme for efficient Cherenkov high-order harmonic generation. Second to fifth order harmonic wave are observed in a single periodically poled ferroelectric crystal in our experiment. The noncollinear high-order harmonic generation is produced via enhanced Cherenkov second harmonic cascaded with successive multistep sum-frequency generation with simultaneously longitudinal phase-matching. The emission angle and power dependencies are analyzed in detail experimentally, which coincide with theoretical predictions.

An Ning; Ren Huaijin [Department of Physics, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 800 Dongchuan Road, Shanghai 200240 (China); State Key Laboratory on Fiber Optic Local Area Communication Networks and Advanced Optical Communication Systems, Shanghai 200240 (China); Zheng Yuanlin [Department of Physics, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 800 Dongchuan Road, Shanghai 200240 (China); Key Laboratory for Laser Plasmas (Ministry of Education), Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 800 Dongchuan Road, Shanghai 200240 (China); Deng Xuewei [Laser Fusion Research Center, China Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang, Sichuan 621900 (China); Chen Xianfeng [Department of Physics, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 800 Dongchuan Road, Shanghai 200240 (China); State Key Laboratory on Fiber Optic Local Area Communication Networks and Advanced Optical Communication Systems, Shanghai 200240 (China); Key Laboratory for Laser Plasmas (Ministry of Education), Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 800 Dongchuan Road, Shanghai 200240 (China)

2012-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

290

Direct utilization of geothermal heat in cascade application to aquaculture and greenhouse systems at Navarro College. Annual report, January 1984-September 1984  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Progress is reported on a project to use the 130/sup 0/F geothermal resource in central Texas. The system for cascading geothermal energy through aquaculture and greenhouse systems was completed and the first shrimp harvest was held. (MHR)

Smith, K.

1984-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Synthesis and determination of the absolute configuration of Armatol A through a polyepoxide cyclization cascade : revision of the proposed structures of Armatols A-F  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Cyclization Cascades Leading to the Tricyclic Fragment of Armatol A The synthesis of the fused 6,7,7-tricycle of armatol A was investigated. Fragments containing both a ketone and an aldehyde for subsequent fragment coupling ...

Underwood, Brian Saxton

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

ELECTRICITY TRANSMISSION IN DEREGULATED MARKETS; CONFERENCE AT CARNEGIE MELLON UNIVERSITY, PITTSBURGH PA USA DECEMBER 2004 1 A criticality approach to monitoring cascading  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ELECTRICITY TRANSMISSION IN DEREGULATED MARKETS; CONFERENCE AT CARNEGIE MELLON UNIVERSITY the risk of cascading failure of electric power transmission systems as overall loading is increased failure is the usual mechanism for large blackouts of electric power transmission systems. For example

Dobson, Ian

293

Microphysical Processes and Synergistic Interaction between Frontal and Orographic Forcing of Precipitation during the 13 December 2001 IMPROVE-2 Event over the Oregon Cascades  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On 13–14 December 2001 a vigorous cyclonic storm passed over the Pacific Northwest, producing heavy orographic precipitation over the Cascade Mountains. This storm was one of several studied during the second field phase of the Improvement of ...

Christopher P. Woods; Mark T. Stoelinga; John D. Locatelli; Peter V. Hobbs

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

DC-AC Cascaded H-Bridge Multilevel Boost Inverter With No Inductors for Electric/Hybrid Electric Vehicle Applications  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a cascaded H-bridge multilevel boost inverter for electric vehicle (EV) and hybrid EV (HEV) applications implemented without the use of inductors. Currently available power inverter systems for HEVs use a dc-dc boost converter to boost the battery voltage for a traditional three-phase inverter. The present HEV traction drive inverters have low power density, are expensive, and have low efficiency because they need a bulky inductor. A cascaded H-bridge multilevel boost inverter design for EV and HEV applications implemented without the use of inductors is proposed in this paper. Traditionally, each H-bridge needs a dc power supply. The proposed design uses a standard three-leg inverter (one leg for each phase) and an H-bridge in series with each inverter leg which uses a capacitor as the dc power source. A fundamental switching scheme is used to do modulation control and to produce a five-level phase voltage. Experiments show that the proposed dc-ac cascaded H-bridge multilevel boost inverter can output a boosted ac voltage without the use of inductors.

Tolbert, Leon M [ORNL; Ozpineci, Burak [ORNL; Du, Zhong [ORNL; Chiasson, John N [ORNL

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

High-energy emission from pulsars in polar-cap models with CR-induced cascades  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

For a subclass of polar-cap models based on electromagnetic cascades induced by curvature radiation (CR) we calculate broad-band high-energy spectra of pulsed emission expected for classical and millisecond pulsars. The spectra are a combination of curvature and synchrotron components. The spectrum of curvature component breaks at 150MeV, and neither its slope nor level below this energy are compatible with phase-averaged spectra of pulsed X-ray emission inferred from observations. Spectral properties in the combined energy range of ROSAT and ASCA (0.1 - 10 keV) depend upon the location of cyclotron turnover energy epsilon_ct=\\hbar{e B \\over m_e c} /sin(psi) in the synchrotron component. Unlike in outer-gap models, the available range of pitch angles psi is rather narrow and confined to low values. For classical pulsars, a gradual turnover begins already at 1MeV, and the level of the synchrotron spectrum decreases. At 10keV the curvature component eventually takes over, but with photon index alpha = 2/3, in disagreement with observations. For millisecond pulsars, the X-ray spectra are dominated by synchrotron component with alpha \\simeq 1.5, and a sharp turnover into alpha \\simeq -1 at epsilon_ct \\sim 100eV. Relations of pulsed luminosity L_X to spin-down luminosity \\edot are presented for classical and millisecond pulsars. We conclude that spectral properties and fluxes of pulsed non-thermal X-ray emission of some objects, like the Crab or the millisecond pulsar B1821-24, pose a challenge to the subclass of polar-cap models based on curvature and synchrotron radiation alone.

B. Rudak; J. Dyks

1998-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

296

Accelerator Measurements of the Askaryan effect in Rock Salt: A Roadmap Toward Teraton Underground Neutrino Detectors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report on further SLAC measurements of the Askaryan effect: coherent radio emission from charge asymmetry in electromagnetic cascades. We used synthetic rock salt as the dielectric medium, with cascades produced by GeV bremsstrahlung photons at the Final Focus Test Beam. We extend our prior discovery measurements to a wider range of parameter space and explore the effect in a dielectric medium of great potential interest to large scale ultra-high energy neutrino detectors: rock salt (halite), which occurs naturally in high purity formations containing in many cases hundreds of cubic km of water-equivalent mass. We observed strong coherent pulsed radio emission over a frequency band from 0.2-15 GHz. A grid of embedded dual-polarization antennas was used to confirm the high degree of linear polarization and track the change of direction of the electric-field vector with azimuth around the shower. Coherence was observed over 4 orders of magnitude of shower energy. The frequency dependence of the radiation was tested over two orders of magnitude of UHF and microwave frequencies. We have also made the first observations of coherent transition radiation from the Askaryan charge excess, and the result agrees well with theoretical predictions. Based on these results we have performed a detailed and conservative simulation of a realistic GZK neutrino telescope array within a salt-dome, and we find it capable of detecting 10 or more contained events per year from even the most conservative GZK neutrino models.

P. W. Gorham; D. Saltzberg; R. C. Field; E. Guillian; R. Milincic; D. Walz; D. Williams

2004-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

297

Integrated Sachs-Wolfe effect from the cross correlation of WMAP 3 year and the NRAO VLA sky survey data: New results and constraints on dark energy  

SciTech Connect

We cross correlate the new 3 year Wilkinson Microwave Anistropy Probe (WMAP) cosmic microwave background data with the NRAO VLA Sky Survey radio galaxy data and find further evidence of late integrated Sachs-Wolfe (ISW) effect taking place at late times in cosmic history. Our detection makes use of a novel statistical method (P. Baldi, G. Kerkyacharian, D. Marinucci, and D. Picard, math.ST/0606154 and P. Baldi, G. Kerkyacharian, D. Marinucci, D. Picard, math.ST/0606599) based on a new construction of spherical wavelets, called needlets. The null hypothesis (no ISW) is excluded at more than 99.7% confidence. When we compare the measured cross correlation with the theoretical predictions of standard, flat cosmological models with a generalized dark energy component parameterized by its density, {omega}{sub DE}, equation of state w and speed of sound c{sub s}{sup 2}, we find 0.3{<=}{omega}{sub DE}{<=}0.8 at 95% C.L., independently of c{sub s}{sup 2} and w. If dark energy is assumed to be a cosmological constant (w=-1), the bound on density shrinks to 0.41{<=}{omega}{sub DE}{<=}0.79. Models without dark energy are excluded at more than 4{sigma}. The bounds on w depend rather strongly on the assumed value of c{sub s}{sup 2}. We find that models with more negative equation of state (such as phantom models) are a worse fit to the data in the case c{sub s}{sup 2}=1 than in the case c{sub s}{sup 2}=0.

Pietrobon, Davide [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Roma 'Tor Vergata', V. della Ricerca Scientifica 1, I-00133 Roma (Italy); Balbi, Amedeo [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Roma 'Tor Vergata' and INFN Sezione di Roma 'Tor Vergata', V. della Ricerca Scientifica 1, I-00133 Rome (Italy); Marinucci, Domenico [Dipartimento di Matematica, Universita di Roma 'Tor Vergata', V. della Ricerca Scientifica 1, I-00133 Rome (Italy)

2006-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

298

SRS Public Involvement in Waste Management Has Resulted in Effective Decisions Supported by the Public Including Disposal Changes and Top-to-Bottom Review Initiative Consensus  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the Savannah River Site's (SRS') Solid Waste Management Program, a key to success is the Public Involvement Program. The Solid Waste Division at SRS manages the site's transuranic, low-level, mixed, and hazardous wastes. All decisions associated with management of this waste are of interest to the public and successful program implementation would be impossible without a vigorous public involvement program. The SRS Solid Waste Division (SWD) and its Department of Energy (DOE) customer developed, implemented, and maintain a comprehensive public participation and communications program. It is staffed by public participation and technical specialists to ensure information is presented in a manner that is technically accurate while being tailored for understanding by people without a technical background. The program provides the public with accurate, complete, timely information and early meaningful participation opportunities. It also fulfills the public participation activities required by laws, regulations, DOE Orders, and negotiated agreements. The primary goal of the SWD Public Participation Program is to fulfill the objectives of the SWD and SRS Strategic Plans to ''build trust and communicate openly, honestly, and responsibly with employees, customers, stakeholders, and regulators,'' and to ''work to extend the support of external stakeholders for the pursuit of SRS and DOE Complex business goals.'' This paper focuses on the public participation program goals, the implementation through formal plans and objectives, targeted waste management programs and specific audiences, and specific effects of the program on waste management activities. A discussion of the DOE and contractor teaming along with how plans are carried out is also included.

Goldston, W. T.; Villasor, H. P.

2003-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

299

Coal gas openhole completion well effectiveness in the Piceance Basin, Colorado: Preliminary results, South Shale Ridge [number sign]11-15 well  

SciTech Connect

Since 1983, the Deep Coal Seam Project (DCSP) and the Western Cretaceous Coal Seam Project (WCCSP) of the Gas Research institute has funded research efforts in the Piceance and San Juan basins of Colorado and New Mexico to further the knowledge of all facets of commercial coalbed natural gas reservoir development. Because of WCCSP research into openhole completion well effectiveness in the Fruitland play, and the need to complete a successful Cameo coal openhole well, the South Shale Ridge [number sign]11-15 well was deemed to be an excellent chance for technology transfer and evaluation. Because of implementation of carefully designed air mist drilling and controlled openhole completion techniques, along with a sufficient magnitude of cleat permeability, it appears that the [number sign]11-15 well is commercial. The cavity was installed without major problems. The initial gas production test rate of roughly 280 MCFGPD is one of the best in South Shale Ridge. The [number sign]11-15 well case study is quite important in that it may serve to emphasize the point that the conservative attitude towards commercialization of previously untapped petroleum resources is often not correct. It is now an open question as to whether the conventional wisdom that most of the Cameo coal gas play is too tight to enable commercial production is indeed true, or if by analogy with Fruitland openhole wells, Cameo coal wells that have been hydraulic fracture stimulated are commonly very poorly connected to the cleat permeability of the reservoir. There is no significant reason to believe that the South Shale Ridge area is geologically unique, and thus there is a distinct possibility that more widespread Cameo coal production than has been previously recorded can be achieved.

Close, J.C. (Resource Enterprises, Salt Lake City, UT (United States)); Dowden, D. (Conquest Oil Co., Greeley, CO (United States))

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

Cascade amplification of self-similar frequency-modulated pulses in normal group velocity dispersion active fibres  

SciTech Connect

This paper examines the possibility of efficient amplification of self-similar frequency-modulated wave packets in longitudinally inhomogeneous active fibres. We analyse the dynamics of parabolic pulses with a constant frequency modulation rate and derive algorithms for optimising the group velocity dispersion profile in order to ensure self-similar propagation of such pulses. We demonstrate that the use of a cascade scheme can ensure efficient amplification of individual subpicosecond pulses of this type. (optical fibres, lasers and amplifiers. properties and applications)

Zolotovskii, Igor' O; Okhotnikov, Oleg G; Sementsov, Dmitrii I; Sysolyatin, A A; Fotiadi, A A

2012-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "resulting cascading effect" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

A Five-Level Cascade Multilevel Inverter Three-Phase Motor Drive Using a Single DC Source  

SciTech Connect

A method is presented showing that a 5-level cascade multilevel inverter for a three-phase permanent magnet sychronous motor drive can be implemented using only a single DC link to supply a standard 3-leg inverter along with three full H-bridges supplied by capacitors. It is shown that the capacitor voltages can be regulated while achieving an output voltage waveform that is 20% greater than that obained using the standard 3-leg inverter alone. Finally conditions are given in terms of the power factor and modulation index that determine when the capacitor voltage can regulated.

Chiasson, J. N. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK)

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

302

A Five-Level Cascade Multilever Invertor Three-Phase Motor Drive Using a Single DC Source  

SciTech Connect

A method is presented showing that a 5-level cascade multilevel inverter for a three-phase permanent magnet synchronous motor drive can be implemented using only a single DC link to supply a standard 3-leg inverter along with three full H-bridges supplied by capacitors. It is shown that the capacitor voltages can be regulated while achieving an output voltage waveform that is 20% greater than that obtained using the standard 3-leg inverter alone. Finally conditions are given in terms of the power factor and modulation index that determine when the capacitor voltage can regulated.

Chiasson, J.N. (Univ. Tennessee-Knoxville)

2006-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

303

Search for a multi-Higgs-boson cascade in WWbb events with the ATLAS detector in pp collisions at sqrt(s) = 8 TeV  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A search is presented for new particles in an extension to the Standard Model that includes a heavy Higgs boson H0, an intermediate charged Higgs boson pair H+-, and a light Higgs boson h0. The analysis searches for events involving the production of a single heavy neutral Higgs boson which decays to the charged Higgs boson and a W boson, where the charged Higgs boson subsequently decays into a W boson and the lightest neutral Higgs boson decaying to a bottom--antibottom-quark pair. Such a cascade results in a W-boson pair and a bottom--antibottom-quark pair in the final state. Events with exactly one lepton, missing transverse momentum, and at least four jets are selected from a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 20.3/fb, collected by the ATLAS detector in proton--proton collisions at sort(s)=8 TeV at the LHC. The data are found to be consistent with Standard Model predictions, and 95% confidence-level upper limits are set on the product of cross section and branching ratio. These limits range from 0.065 pb to 43 pb as a function of H0 and H+- masses, with m(h0) fixed at 125 GeV.

ATLAS Collaboration

2013-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

304

Clinical and Isokinetic Results  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The importance of the menisci for transmitting workloads in the knee joint to protect the articular cartilage is widely acknowledged. Therefore various techniques have been introduced to repair the damaged meniscus. We performed an arthroscopic meniscus repair with a modified outside-in technique on 29 patients (average 25 years) between 2/91 and 10/94. The average time between trauma and operation was 29 weeks (1-186) the follow-up 16.3 months (4-49). All the patients were interviewed by phone 23 were available for clinical respectively isokinetic examination, and categorized following the Lysholm and Lais scores. Twenty-eight patients were happy with the result of the procedure. Following the Lysholm score we found 78 % good]excellent results (Lais score 74%). Isokinetic testing showed a muscular deficit of less than 20 % in 91 % of the cases for flexion (extension 69%). No significant influence neither of the age of the patient nor the time period between trauma and operation on the outcome of the procedure could be found. No complications were reported. Based on our results and well aware of the deleterious long term effects of total meniscectomy the arthroscopic menical repair performed by an experienced surgeon should be generous choice of therapy for the treatment of the ruptured meniscus.

Arthroscopic Meniscus Repair; Christoph Erggelet A; Carmen Grosse B; Hans-rudolph Henche B; Bart De Koning

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Environmental Effects Resulting in Coating Deterioration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Table 4   Absorptive wavelengths of chromophores...Table 4 Absorptive wavelengths of chromophores Chromophore Absorptive wavelength, nm C=C 162 C C 182, 220 C N 167 C=O 295 N=O 665 Cl 173 Oâ??H 166 Benzene ring (aromatic) 255 Câ??H 150 Source: Adapted from Ref 4...

306

Ultra-high energy cosmic rays, cascade gamma-rays, and high-energy neutrinos from gamma-ray bursts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) are sources of energetic, highly variable fluxes of gamma rays, which demonstrates that they are powerful particle accelerators. Besides relativistic electrons, GRBs should also accelerate high-energy hadrons, some of which could escape cooling to produce ultra-high energy cosmic rays (UHECRs). Acceleration of high-energy hadrons in GRB blast waves will be established if high-energy neutrinos produced through photopion interactions in the blast wave are detected from GRBs. Limitations on the energy in nonthermal hadrons and the number of expected neutrinos are imposed by the fluxes from pair-photon cascades initiated in the same processes that produce neutrinos. Only the most powerful bursts at fluence levels >~ 3e-4 erg/cm^2 offer a realistic prospect for detection of >> TeV neutrinos. Detection of high-energy neutrinos is likely if GRB blast waves have large baryon loads and Doppler factors <~ 200. Cascade gamma rays will accompany neutrino production and might already have been detected as anomalous emission components in the spectra of some GRBs. Prospects for detection of GRBs in the Milky Way are also considered.

Charles D. Dermer; Armen Atoyan

2006-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

307

NREL: Wind Research - SWIFT Wind Turbine Testing and Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SWIFT Wind Turbine Testing and Results SWIFT Wind Turbine Testing and Results The SWIFT wind turbine. Text Version As part of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory and U.S. Department of Energy (NREL/DOE) Independent Testing project, NREL is testing the SWIFT small wind turbine at the National Wind Technology Center (NWTC). The competitive grant was awarded to Cascade Engineering. The SWIFT is a 1-kilowatt (kW), five-bladed with outer ring, horizontal-axis upwind small wind turbine. The turbine's rotor diameter is 2 meters, and its hub height is 13.72 meters. The SWIFT uses a single-phase permanent-magnet generator rated at 1 kW grid connected through an inverter at 240 volts AC. Testing Summary Supporting data and explanations for data provided in this table will be provided in the final reports. Data presented are preliminary and subject

308

HighYield Production of Dihydrogen from Xylose by Using a Synthetic Enzyme Cascade in a CellFree System  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

300766 300766 High-Yield Production of Dihydrogen from Xylose by Using a Synthetic Enzyme Cascade in a Cell-Free System** Julia S. Martín del Campo, Joseph Rollin, Suwan Myung, You Chun, Sanjeev Chandrayan, Rodrigo PatiÇo, Michael WW Adams, and Y.-H. Percival Zhang* Approximately 50 million metric tons of dihydrogen are produced annually from nonrenewable natural gas, petro- leum, and coal. [1] H 2 production from water remains costly. [2] Technologies for generating H 2 from less costly biomass, such as microbial fermentation, [3] enzymatic decomposition, [4] gasification, [5] steam reforming, [6] and aqueous phase reform- ing, [7] suffer from low product yields. The production of H 2 from relatively evenly distributed renewable biomass resources would address challenges per- taining to 1) sustainable H 2 production without net green- house gas emissions, 2) the availability

309

Deep oxidation of glucose in enzymatic fuel cells through a synthetic enzymatic pathway containing a cascade of two thermostable dehydrogenases  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Deep Deep oxidation of glucose in enzymatic fuel cells through a synthetic enzymatic pathway containing a cascade of two thermostable dehydrogenases Zhiguang Zhu a , Fangfang Sun a , Xiaozhou Zhang a,d , Y.-H. Percival Zhang a,b,c,d,n a Biological Systems Engineering Department, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech), 210-A Seitz Hall, Blacksburg, Virginia 24061, USA b Institute for Critical Technology and Applied Science (ICTAS), Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia 24061, USA c DOE BioEnergy Science Center (BESC), Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831, USA d Gate Fuels Inc., 2200 Kraft Drive, Suite 1200B, Blacksburg, VA 24060, USA a r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Received 12 January 2012 Received in revised form 26 March 2012 Accepted 4 April 2012 Keywords: Deep oxidation Enzymatic fuel cell Glucose biobattery Thermoenzyme

310

A Novel Inductor-less DC-AC Cascaded H-bridge Multilevel Boost Inverter for Electric/Hybrid Electric Vehicle Applications  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents an inductorless cascaded H- bridge multilevel boost inverter for EV and HEV applications. Currently available power inverter systems for HEVs use a DC- DC boost converter to boost the battery voltage for a traditional 3-phase inverter. The present HEV traction drive inverters have low power density, are expensive, and have low efficiency because they need a bulky inductor. An inductorless cascaded H-bridge multilevel boost inverter for EV and HEV applications is proposed in this paper. Traditionally, each H-bridge needs a DC power supply. The proposed inductorless cascaded H-bridge multilevel boost inverter uses a standard 3-leg inverter (one leg for each phase) and an H-bridge in series with each inverter leg which uses a capacitor as the DC power source. Fundamental switching scheme is used to do modulation control and to produce a 5-level phase voltage. Experiments show that the proposed inductorless DC-AC cascaded H-bridge multilevel boost inverter can output a boosted AC voltage.

Du, Zhong [ORNL; Ozpineci, Burak [ORNL; Tolbert, Leon M [ORNL; Chiasson, John N [ORNL

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

Windstorms along the Western Side of the Washington Cascade Mountains. Part I: A High-Resolution Observational and Modeling Study of the 12 February 1995 Event  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper describes the leeside wind event of 12 February 1995 in which a swath of strong low-level easterly flow, with gusts to 35–40 m s?1, extended downwind of a major gap in the Cascade Mountains. Over the Puget Sound lowlands, low-level ...

Brian A. Colle; Clifford F. Mass

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Help - Search Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Search Results The search results are displayed ten documents at a time. The Next >> and << Back links at the top and bottom of the list allow you to navigate through the results...

313

ANI Testbed: Published Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Testbed Results R&D Overview 100G Testbed Testbed Description Testbed Results Current Testbed Research Proposal Process Terms and Conditions Virtual Circuits (OSCARS) Performance...

314

Grid result checking  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Result checking is the theory and practice of proving that the result of an execution of a program on an input is correct. Result checking has most often been envisioned in the framework of program testing or property testing, where the issue is the ... Keywords: grids, result checking, simulation

Cécile Germain-Renaud; Dephine Monnier-Ragaigne

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

CONTAM Overview - Simulation Results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Currently there are two types: boundary layer diffusion (BLS) deposition/ resuspension (DVR). Table — CONTAM Results Files. ...

316

Predator diversity strengthens trophic cascades in kelp forests by modifying herbivore behaviour  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Canuel, E.A. (2003). Grazer diversity effects on ecosystemEcosystem consequences of diversity depend on food chainweb complexity and species diversity. Am. Nat. , 100, 65–76.

Byrnes, J; Stachowicz, J J; Hultgren, K M; Hughes, A R; Olyarnik, S V; Thornber, C S

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

CMS: First Results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A summary of the LHC and CMS detector performance is given and the first CMS results are presented. In particular

Paolo Checchia; The CMS collaboration

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

NZERTF, Recent Research Results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... A. Hunter Fanney, Chief Building Environment Division (301) 975-5864 hunter.fanney@nist.gov. *. Bookmark and Share. Recent Research Results. ...

2013-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

319

Search Results Quadrats  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

lassoquadratss-searchresults-quadrat2006.lasso (1 of 2)61507 10:18 AM Search Results Quadrats 3183 Lederman Science Center Docent .P 3184 Lederman Science Center...

320

Vers une commande sans mod\\`ele pour am\\'enagements hydro\\'electriques en cascade  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A new concept called "Model-Free Control" is applied to hydroelectric run-of-the river power plants, with severe constraints and operating conditions. Numerous computer simulations display excellent results, which are obtained thanks to simple and robust algorithms.

Join, Cédric; Fliess, Michel

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "resulting cascading effect" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Investigation of Heat Conductivity in Relativistic Systems using a Partonic Cascade  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Motivated by the classical picture of heat flow we construct a stationary temperature gradient in a relativistic microscopic transport model. Employing the relativistic Navier-Stokes ansatz we extract the heat conductivity {\\kappa} for a massless Boltzmann gas using only binary collisions with isotropic cross sections. We compare the numerical results to analytical expressions from different theories and discuss the final results. The directly extracted value for the heat conductivity can be referred to as a literature reference within the numerical uncertainties.

M. Greif; F. Reining; I. Bouras; G. S. Denicol; Z. Xu; C. Greiner

2013-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

322

Investigation of Heat Conductivity in Relativistic Systems using a Partonic Cascade  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Motivated by the classical picture of heat flow we construct a stationary temperature gradient in a relativistic microscopic transport model. Employing the relativistic Navier-Stokes ansatz we extract the heat conductivity {\\kappa} for a massless Boltzmann gas using only binary collisions with isotropic cross sections. We compare the numerical results to analytical expressions from different theories and discuss the final results. The directly extracted value for the heat conductivity can be referred to as a literature reference within the numerical uncertainties.

Greif, M; Bouras, I; Denicol, G S; Xu, Z; Greiner, C

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

323

Diffraction Results from CDF  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We present final results by the CDF II collaboration on diffractive W and Z production, report on the status of ongoing analyses on diffractive dijet production and on rapidity gaps between jets, and briefly summarize results obtained on exclusive production pointing to their relevance to calibrating theoretical models used to predict exclusive Higgs-boson production at the LHC.

Goulianos, Konstantin

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Recent results from SPEAR  

SciTech Connect

Recent results from SPEAR include measurements of Cabibbo-suppressed decay modes of the tau (Mark II), and a limit on the decay J/psi ..-->.. ..gamma.. + axion (Crystal Ball).

Porter, F.C.

1981-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

325

Search Results Quadrats  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

lassoquadratss-searchresults-quadrat2007.lasso (1 of 2)2808 10:29 PM Search Results Quadrats 3584 Lederman Science Center Public16B 3586 Lederman Science Center...

326

Search Results Quadrats  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2arr.lasso121112 5:07:23 PM Search Results Quadrats Public Quadrats Data collected by the public with the guidance of docents. Click the Quadrat Id to view more details about...

327

Hypothyroidism After Head-and-Neck Radiotherapy in Children and Adolescents: Preliminary Results of the 'Registry for the Evaluation of Side Effects After Radiotherapy in Childhood and Adolescence' (RiSK)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: The 'Registry for the Evaluation of Side Effects After Radiotherapy in Childhood and Adolescence' (RiSK) has been established to prospectively characterize dose-volume effects of radiation in terms of side effects. The aim of this analysis was to characterize the function of the thyroid gland after radiotherapy to the head-and-neck region in children and adolescents. Methods and Materials: Detailed information regarding radiation doses to at-risk organs has been collected across Germany since 2001. Thyroid function was evaluated by blood value examinations of thyroid-stimulating hormone, triiodothyronine, and thyroxine. Information regarding thyroid hormone substitution was requested from the treating physicians. Results: Until May 2009, 1,086 patients from 62 centers were recruited, including 404 patients (median age, 10.9 years) who had received radiotherapy to the thyroid gland and/or hypophysis. Follow-up information was available for 264 patients (60.9%; median follow-up, 40 months), with 60 patients (22.7%) showing pathologic values. In comparison to patients treated with prophylactic cranial irradiation (median dose, 12 Gy), patients with radiation doses of 15 to 25 Gy to the thyroid gland had a hazard ratio of 3.072 (p = 0.002) for the development of pathologic thyroid blood values. Patients with greater than 25 Gy to the thyroid gland and patients who underwent craniospinal irradiation had hazard ratios of 3.768 (p = 0.009) and 5.674 (p gland and/or hypophysis, can frequently be observed after radiotherapy in children. A structured follow-up examination is advised.

Boelling, Tobias, E-mail: Tobias.Boelling@uni-muenster.de [Department of Radiotherapy, University Hospital of Muenster, Muenster (Germany); Department of Radiotherapy, Paracelsus Clinic Osnabrueck, Osnabrueck (Germany); Geisenheiser, Alina [Department of Radiotherapy, University Hospital of Muenster, Muenster (Germany); Pape, Hildegard [Department of Radiotherapy, University Hospital of Duesseldorf, Duesseldorf (Germany); Martini, Carmen [Department of Radiotherapy, University Hospital of Freiburg, Freiburg (Germany); Ruebe, Christian [Department of Radiotherapy, University Hospital of Homburg/Saar, Homburg/Saar (Germany); Timmermann, Beate [Center for Proton Radiation Therapy, Paul-Scherrer-Institute, Villigen (Switzerland); Fischedick, Karin [Department of Radiotherapy, University of Aachen, Aachen (Germany); Kortmann, Rolf-Dieter [Department of Radiotherapy, University of Leipzig, Leipzig (Germany); Gerss, Joachim; Koch, Raphael [Department of Medical Informatics and Biomathematics, University of Muenster, Muenster (Germany); Center for Clinical Trials, University Hospital of Muenster, Muenster (Germany); Willich, Normann [Department of Radiotherapy, University Hospital of Muenster, Muenster (Germany)

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

Two-photon decay of excited levels in hydrogen: The ambiguity of the separation of cascades and pure two-photon emission  

SciTech Connect

The problem of the evaluation of the two-photon decay width of excited states in hydrogen is considered. Two different approaches to the evaluation of the width including cascades channels are employed: the summation of the transition probabilities for various decay channels and the evaluation of the imaginary part of the Lamb shift. As application, the two-photon decay channels for the 3s level of the hydrogen atom are evaluated, including the cascade transition probability 3s-2p-1s. An important role is assigned to the two-photon decays in astrophysics context, since processes of this kind provide a possibility for the decoupling of radiation and matter in the early universe. We demonstrate the ambiguity of separation of the 'pure' two-photon contribution and criticize the existing methods for such a separation.

Labzowsky, L. [V. A. Fock Institute of Physics, St. Petersburg State University, Petrodvorets, Oulianovskaya 1, 198504 St. Petersburg (Russian Federation); Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute, Gatchina, 188300 St. Petersburg (Russian Federation); Solovyev, D. [V. A. Fock Institute of Physics, St. Petersburg State University, Petrodvorets, Oulianovskaya 1, 198504 St. Petersburg (Russian Federation); Plunien, G. [Technische Universitaet Dresden, Mommsenstrasse 13, D-01062 Dresden (Germany)

2009-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

329

Development of high efficiency cascade solar cells. Quarterly technical progress report No. 3  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Progress is reported in the following areas: AlGaAsSb/GaAsSb materials development, GaInP materials development via VPE, GaAlAs/GaAs cell development, and OM/CVD studies. Spectral response, V-I characteristics, and electron microprobe analysis results are presented. (WHK)

Not Available

1980-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

330

Republic of Bulgaria Sreden Iskar Cascade hydropower development. Application for participation under the United States Initiative on Joint Implementation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Interest in water resources and hydropower has been low in Bulgaria for over 20 years and only about 33% of the potential hydropower available to the Country are currently being utilized. This is due in part to past design practices that utilized large reservoirs to regulate runoff and create the necessary head. The Iskar River does not allow for the typical design. However, in recent years, technical advancement in machinery design and more efficient turbine-generators has led to the development of low-head hydro projects. Studies determined that the Iskar Cascade can support low-head hydro development and could provide as much as 93 MW of capacity. This project will initially consist of the construction of three hydroelectric facilities along a 120-km section of the Iskar river in western Bulgaria. Each facility will consist of a powerhouse (housing a turbine and generator), an embankment dam, a concrete spillway with regulating gates, a fish passage, and associated transformers and switchgear. This report gives a description of the project, its sources of funding for specific measures to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, forecasts of greenhouse gas emissions with and without these specific measures, and other environmental considerations.

NONE

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Gas Phase Photoacoustic Spectroscopy in the long-wave IR using Quartz Tuning Forks and Amplitude Modulated Quantum Cascade Lasers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A paper to accompany a 20 minute talk about the progress of a DARPA funded project called LPAS. ABSTRACT: We demonstrate the performance of a novel long-wave infrared photoacoustic laser absorbance spectrometer for gas-phase species using an amplitude modulated (AM) quantum cascade (QC) laser and a quartz tuning fork microphone. Photoacoustic signal was generated by focusing the output of a Fabry-Perot QC laser operating at 8.41 micron between the legs of a quartz tuning fork which served as a transducer for the transient acoustic pressure wave. The QC laser was modulated at the resonant frequency of the tuning fork (32.8 kHz). This sensor was calibrated using the infrared absorber Freon-134a by performing a simultanious absorption measurement using a 35 cm absorption cell. The NEAS of this instrument was determined to be 2 x 10^-8 W cm^-1 /Hz^1/2 and the fundamental sensitivity of this technique is limited by the noise floor of the tuning fork itself.

Wojcik, Michael D.; Phillips, Mark C.; Cannon, Bret D.

2006-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

332

TIME DELAY OF CASCADE RADIATION FOR TeV BLAZARS AND THE MEASUREMENT OF THE INTERGALACTIC MAGNETIC FIELD  

SciTech Connect

Recent claims that the strength B{sub IGMF} of the intergalactic magnetic field (IGMF) is {approx}> 10{sup -15} G are based on upper limits to the expected cascade flux in the GeV band produced by blazar TeV photons absorbed by the extragalactic background light. This limit depends on an assumption that the mean blazar TeV flux remains constant on timescales {approx}> 2(B{sub IGMF}/10{sup -18}G){sup 2}/(E/10 GeV){sup 2} yr for an IGMF coherence length {approx}1 Mpc, where E is the measured photon energy. Restricting TeV activity of 1ES 0229+200 to {approx}3-4 years during which the source has been observed leads to a more robust lower limit of B{sub IGMF} {approx}> 10{sup -18} G, which can be larger by an order of magnitude if the intrinsic source flux above {approx}5-10 TeV from 1ES 0229+200 is strong.

Dermer, Charles D.; Razzaque, Soebur; Finke, Justin D. [Space Science Division, U.S. Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375 (United States); Cavadini, Massimo [Dipartimento di Fisica e Matematica, Universita dell'Insubria, via Valleggio 11, 22100, Como (Italy); Chiang, James [W. W. Hansen Experimental Physics Laboratory, Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology, Department of Physics and SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305 (United States); Lott, Benoit, E-mail: charles.dermer@nrl.navy.mil [CNRS/IN2P3, Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires Bordeaux Gradignan, UMR 5797, Gradignan, 33175 (France)

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

333

An inverted AlGaAs/GaAs patterned-Ge tunnel junction cascade concentrator solar cell. Final subcontract report, 1 January 1991--31 August 1992  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report describes work to develop inverted-grown Al{sub 0.34}Ga{sub 0.66}As/GaAs cascades. Several significant developments are reported on as follows: (1) The AM1.5 1-sun total-area efficiency of the top Al{sub 0.34}Ga{sub 0.66}As cell for the cascade was improved from 11.3% to 13.2% (NREL measurement [total-area]). (2) The ``cycled`` organometallic vapor phase epitaxy growth (OMVPE) was studied in detail utilizing a combination of characterization techniques including Hall-data, photoluminescence, and secondary ion mass spectroscopy. (3) A technique called eutectic-metal-bonding (EMB) was developed by strain-free mounting of thin GaAs-AlGaAs films (based on lattice-matched growth on Ge substrates and selective plasma etching of Ge substrates) onto Si carrier substrates. Minority-carrier lifetime in an EMB GaAs double-heterostructure was measured as high as 103 nsec, the highest lifetime report for a freestanding GaAs thin film. (4) A thin-film, inverted-grown GaAs cell with a 1-sun AM1.5 active-area efficiency of 20.3% was obtained. This cell was eutectic-metal-bonded onto Si. (5) A thin-film inverted-grown, Al{sub 0.34}Ga{sub 0.66}As/GaAs cascade with AM1.5 efficiency of 19.9% and 21% at 1-sun and 7-suns, respectively, was obtained. This represents an important milestone in the development of an AlGaAs/GaAs cascade by OMVPE utilizing a tunnel interconnect and demonstrates a proof-of-concept for the inverted-growth approach.

Venkatasubramanian, R. [Research Triangle Inst., Research Triangle Park, NC (United States)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

Diversifying search results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We study the problem of answering ambiguous web queries in a setting where there exists a taxonomy of information, and that both queries and documents may belong to more than one category according to this taxonomy. We present a systematic approach to ... Keywords: marginal utility, relevance, result diversification

Rakesh Agrawal; Sreenivas Gollapudi; Alan Halverson; Samuel Ieong

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Key Research Results Achievement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

daylighting options for specific spaces with sample design layouts · Various HVAC system types that achieve%energysavingsovercode.NREL developedthesimulationtoolsandledthe committeethatproducedtheguides. Key Result TheAdvanced school in Greensburg, Kansas, used many of the energy efficiency measures outlined in the Advanced Energy

336

Standardizing instream flow requirements at hydropower projects in the Cascade Mountains, Washington  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Instream flow requirements are common mitigation measures instituted in the bypassed reaches of hydroelectric diversion projects. Currently, there are two extremes among the ways to determine instream flow requirements: generic standard-setting methods and detailed, habitat-based, impact assessment methods such as the Instream Flow Incremental Methodology (IFIM). Data from streams in Washington state show a consistent pattern in the instream flow requirements resulting from the IFIM. This pattern can be used to refine the simpler standard-setting approaches and thereby provide better estimates of flow needs during early stages of project design.

Smith, I.M.; Sale, M.J.

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Living Laboratory Demonstration Results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The current market is populated with technologies designed for demand-side management applications by targeting power at the load. Automated panelboards bring a unique opportunity to the realm of demand-side management because they are specifically designed to manage loads at the branch circuit. This report investigates the applications and use of automated panelboards in commercial and industrial applications. The report also includes the results of a test performed on an automated panel designed for re...

2009-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

338

WMAP First Year Results  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) science team has released results from the first year of operation at the Earth-Sun L2 Lagrange point. The maps are consistent with previous observations but have much better sensitivity and angular resolution than the COBE DMR maps, and much better calibration accuracy and sky coverage than ground-based and balloon-borne experiments. The angular power spectra from these ground-based and balloon-borne experiments are consistent within their systematic and statistical uncertainties with the WMAP results. WMAP detected the large angular-scale correlation between the temperature and polarization anisotropies of the CMB caused by electron scattering since the Universe became reionized after the "Dark Ages", giving a value for the electron scattering optical depth of 0.17+/-0.04. The simplest Lambda-CDM model with n=1 and Omega_tot=1 provides an adequate fit to the WMAP data and gives parameters which are consistent with determinations of the Hubble constant and observations of the accelerating Universe using supernovae. The time-ordered data, maps, and power spectra from WMAP can be found at http://lambda.gsfc.nasa.gov along with 13 papers by the WMAP science team describing the results in detail.

E. L. Wright

2003-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

339

Summary of Syllac results  

SciTech Connect

A series of theta-pinch high-beta stellarator experiments has been recently completed. They demonstrated the existence of a toroidal equilibrium at high beta (about 70%) and reveal the expected instability of gross plasma motion. Feedback stabilization, by means of optical sensors for plasma position coupled to current amplifiers for magnetic field control, works effectively to keep the plasma column near the center of the discharge vessel. Confinement of plasma in the recent feedback experiments is limited by classical end losses associated with the finite-length toroidal sectors. This document gives a simplified history of Scyllac much as it was presented in an invited paper at the 1977 Plasma Physics Division meeting of the American Physical Society held in Atlanta, Georgia.

Siemon, R.E.

1978-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Charecterization of inertial and pressure effects in homogeneous turbulence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The objective of the thesis is to characterize the linear and nonlinear aspects of inertial and pressure effects in turbulent flows. In the first part of the study, computations of Navier-Stokes and 3D Burgers equations are performed in the rapid distortion (RD) limit to analyze the inviscid linear processes in homogeneous turbulence. By contrasting the results of Navier- Stokes RD equations and Burgers RD equations, the effect of pressure can be isolated. The evolution of turbulent kinetic energy and anisotropy components and invariants are examined. In the second part of the thesis, the velocity gradient dynamics in turbulent flows are studied with the help of inviscid 3D Burgers equations and restricted Euler equations. The analytical asymptotic solutions of velocity gradient tensor are obtained for both Burgers and restricted Euler equations. Numerical computations are also performed to identify the stable solutions. The results are compared and contrasted to identify the effect of pressure on nonlinear velocity gradient dynamics. Of particular interest are the sign of the intermediate principle strain-rate and tendency of vorticity to align with the intermediate principle strain-rate. These aspects of velocity gradients provide valuable insight into the role of pressure in the energy cascade process.

Bikkani, Ravi Kiran

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "resulting cascading effect" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Activation of the MAP Kinase Cascade by Exogenous Calcium-Sensing Receptor  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In Rat-1 fibroblasts and ovarian surface epithelial cells, extracellular calcium induces a proliferative response which appears to be mediated by the G-protein coupled Calcium-sensing Receptor (CaR), as expression of the non-functional CaR-R795W mutant inhibits both thymidine incorporation and activation of the extracellular-regulated kinase (ERK) in response to calcium. In this report we utilized CaR-transfected HEK293 cells to demonstrate that functional CaR is necessary and sufficient for calcium-induced ERK activation. CaR-dependent ERK activation was blocked by co-expression of the Ras dominant-negative mutant, Ras N17, and by exposure to the phosphatidyl inositol 3' kinase inhibitors wortmannin and LY294002. In contrast to Rat-1 fibroblasts, CaR-mediated in vitro kinase activity of ERK2 was unaffected by tyrosine kinase inhibitor herbimycin in CaR-transfected HEK293 cells. These results suggest that usage of distinct pathways downstream of the CaR varies in a cell-type specific manner, suggesting a potential mechanism by which activation of the CaR could couple to distinct calcium-dependent responses.

Hobson, Susan A.; Wright, Jay W.; Lee, Fred; Mcneil, Scott; Bilderback, Tim R.; Rodland, Karin D.

2003-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Recent Results from HAPPEX  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

New measurements of the parity-violating asymmetry in elastic scattering of 3GeV electrons off hydrogen and helium-4 targets at theta{sub lab} = 6 degrees are reported. The helium-4 result is A = (+6.40 {+-} 0.23 (stat) {+-} 0.12 (syst)) * 10{sup -6}. The hydrogen result is A = (-1.58 {+-} 0.12 (stat) {+-} 0.04 (syst)) * 10{sup -6}. The asymmetry for hydrogen is a function of a linear combination of G{sub E}{sup s} and G{sub M}{sup s}, the strange quark contributions to the electric and magnetic form factors of the nucleon respectively, and that for helium-4 is a function solely of G{sub E}{sup s}. The combination of the two measurements separates G{sub E}{sup s} and G{sub M}{sup s} and provide new limits on the role of strange quarks in the nucleon charge and magnetization distributions. We extract G{sub E}{sup s} = 0.002 {+-} 0.014 {+-} 0.007 at Q{sup 2} = 0.077 GeV{sup 2} and G{sub E}{sup s} + 0.09 G{sub M}{sup s} = 0.007 {+-} 0.011 {+-} 0.006 at Q{sup 2} = 0.109 GeV{sup 2}.

Robert Michaels

2006-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

343

Undulator Transportation Test Results  

SciTech Connect

A test was performed to determine whether transporting and handling the undulators makes any changes to their properties. This note documents the test. No significant changes to the test undulator were observed. After the LCLS undulators are tuned and fiducialized in the Magnetic Measurement Facility (MMF), they must be transported to storage buildings and transported to the tunnel. It has been established that the undulators are sensitive to temperature. We wish to know whether the undulators are also sensitive to the vibrations and shocks of transportation. To study this issue, we performed a test in which an undulator was measured in the MMF, transported to the tunnel, brought back to the MMF, and re-measured. This note documents the test and the results.

Wolf, Zachary

2010-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

344

Iron Mountain Electromagnetic Results  

SciTech Connect

Iron Mountain Mine is located seventeen miles northwest of Redding, CA. After the completion of mining in early 1960s, the mine workings have been exposed to environmental elements which have resulted in degradation in water quality in the surrounding water sheds. In 1985, the EPA plugged ore stoops in many of the accessible mine drifts in an attempt to restrict water flow through the mine workings. During this process little data was gathered on the orientation of the stoops and construction of the plugs. During the last 25 years, plugs have begun to deteriorate and allow acidic waters from the upper workings to flow out of the mine. A team from Idaho National Laboratory (INL) performed geophysical surveys on a single mine drift and 3 concrete plugs. The project goal was to evaluate several geophysical methods to determine competence of the concrete plugs and orientation of the stopes.

Gail Heath

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

Search Results Quadrats  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1arr.lasso[3/10/12 2:57:33 PM] 1arr.lasso[3/10/12 2:57:33 PM] Search Results Quadrats Public Quadrats Data collected by the public with the guidance of docents. Click the Quadrat Id to view more details about that record. Quadrat Id School Teacher Prairie Plot 4940 Lederman Science Center Docent16B Fermilab 16B 4941 Lederman Science Center Docent16B Fermilab 16B 4942 Lederman Science Center Docent16B Fermilab 16B 4946 Lederman Science Center Docent16B Fermilab 16B 4947 Lederman Science Center Docent16B Fermilab 16B 4948 Lederman Science Center Docent16B Fermilab 16B 4949 Lederman Science Center Docent16B Fermilab 16B 4950 Lederman Science Center Docent16B Fermilab 16B Database Maintainer: prairie-data@fnal.gov Web Maintainer: ed-webmaster@fnal.gov Last Updated: February 18, 2011 http://eddata.fnal.gov/lasso/quadrats/s-searchresults-quadrat.lasso

346

Results from hadron colliders  

SciTech Connect

The present status of hadron collider physics is reviewed. The total cross section for {bar p} + p has been measured at 1.8 TeV: {sigma}{sub tot} = 72.1 {plus minus} 3.3 mb. New data confirm the UA2 observation of W/Z {yields} {bar q}q. Precision measurements of M{sub W} by UA2 and CDF give an average value M{sub W} = 80.13 {plus minus} 0.30 GeV/c{sup 2}. When combined with measurements of M{sub Z} from LEP and SLC this number gives sin{sup 2}{theta}{sub W} = 0.227 {plus minus} 0.006, or m{sub top} = 130{sub {minus}60}{sup +40} GeV/c{sup 2} from the EWK radiative correction term {Delta}r. Evidence for hadron colliders as practical sources of b quarks has been strengthened, while searches for t quarks have pushed the mass above M{sub W}: m{sub top} > 89 GeV/c{sup 2} 95% cl (CDF Preliminary). Searches beyond the standard model based on the missing E{sub T} signature have not yet produced any positive results. Future prospects for the discovery of the top quark in the range m{sub top} < 200 GeV/c{sup 2} look promising. 80 refs., 35 figs., 7 tabs.

Pondrom, L.G. (Wisconsin Univ., Madison, WI (USA))

1990-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

347

Monitoring and Evaluation of Smolt Migration in the Columbia Basin : Volume XVIII: Survival and Transportation Effects of Migrating Snake River Wild Chinook Salmon and Steelhead: Historical Estimates From 1996-2004 and Comparison to Hatchery Results. Draft.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The combined juvenile and adult detection histories of PIT-tagged wild salmonids migrating through the Federal Columbia River Power System (FCRPS) were analyzed using the ROSTER (River-Ocean Survival and Transportation Effects Routine) statistical release-recapture model. This model, implemented by software Program ROSTER, was used to estimate survival on large temporal and spatial scales for PIT-tagged wild spring and summer Chinook salmon and steelhead released in the Snake River Basin upstream of Lower Granite Dam from 1996 to 2004. In addition, annual results from wild salmonids were compared with results from hatchery salmonids, which were presented in a previous report in this series (Buchanan, R. A., Skalski, J. R., Lady, J. L., Westhagen, P., Griswold, J., and Smith, S. 2007, 'Survival and Transportation Effects for Migrating Snake River Hatchery Chinook Salmon and Steelhead: Historical Estimates from 1996-2003', Technical report, Bonneville Power Administration, Project 1991-051-00). These results are reported here. Annual estimates of the smolt-to-adult return ratio (SAR), juvenile inriver survival from Lower Granite to Bonneville, the ocean return probability from Bonneville to Bonneville, and adult upriver survival from Bonneville to Lower Granite are reported. Annual estimates of transport-inriver (T/I) ratios and differential post-Bonneville mortality (D) are reported on a dam-specific basis for release years with sufficient numbers of wild PIT-tagged smolts transported. Transportation effects are estimated only for dams where at least 1,000 tagged wild smolts were transported from a given upstream release group. Because few wild Chinook salmon and steelhead tagged upstream of Lower Granite Dam were transported before the 2003 release year, T/I and D were estimated only for the 2003 and 2004 release years. Performance measures include age-1-ocean adult returns for steelhead, but not for Chinook salmon. Spring and summer Chinook salmon release groups were pooled across the entire Snake River Basin upstream of Lower Granite Dam for this report. Annual estimates of SAR from Lower Granite back to Lower Granite averaged 0.92% with an estimated standard error (dSE) of 0.25% for wild spring and summer Chinook salmon for tagged groups released from 1996 through 2004, omitting age-1-ocean (jack) returns. Only for the 1999 and 2000 release years did the wild Chinook SAR approach the target value of 2%, identified by the NPCC as the minimum SAR necessary for recovery. Annual estimates of SAR for wild steelhead from the Snake River Basin averaged 0.63% (dSE = 0.15%), including age-1-ocean returns, for release years 1996 through 2004. For release years when the ocean return probability from Bonneville back to Bonneville could be estimated (i.e., 1999 through 2004), it was estimated that on average approximately 83% of the total integrated mortality for nontransported, tagged wild spring and summer Chinook, and 78% for steelhead (omitting the 2001 release year), occurred during the ocean life stage (i.e., from Bonneville to Bonneville). This suggests that additional monitoring and research efforts should include the ocean and estuary environment. Annual estimates of the dam-specific T/I for Lower Granite Dam were available for the 2003 and 2004 release years for both wild Chinook salmon and wild steelhead. The estimated T/I for Lower Granite was significantly > 1.0 for Chinook in 2004 (P < 0.0001) and for steelhead in both 2003 (P < 0.0001) and 2004 (P < 0.0001), indicating that for these release years, wild fish transported at Lower Granite returned there in higher proportions than fish that were returned to the river at Lower Granite, or that passed Lower Granite without detection as juveniles. Annual estimates of the dam-specific T/I for Little Goose Dam were available for wild Chinook salmon for both 2003 and 2004. The estimated T/I for Little Goose was significantly > 1.0 for wild Chinook in 2004 (P = 0.0024), but not in 2003 (P = 0.1554). Differential post-Bonneville mortality (D) is the ratio of pos

Buchanan, Rebecca A.; Skalski, John R.; Broms, Kristin

2008-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

348

Core Measure Average KTR Results  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Measure Measure Average KTR Results FY 12 Target FY 12 DOE M&O CONTRACTOR (KTR) BSC RESULTS FY 2012 Customer Perspective and level of communication provided by the procurement office 95 92 Internal Business Perspective: Assessment (%) of the degree to which the purchasing system is in compliance with stakeholder requirements 97 Local Goals % Delivery on-time (includes JIT, excludes Purchase Cards) 88 84 % of total dollars obligated, on actions > $150K , that were awarded using effective competition 73 Local Goals Rapid Purchasing Techniques: -% of transactions placed by users 77 Local Goals -% of transactions placed through electronic commerce 62 Local Goals Average Cycle Time: -Average cycle time for <= $150K 8 6 to 9 days

349

Cascaded refactoring for framework  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Refactoring of source code has been studied as a preliminary step in the evolution of object-oriented software. We extend the concept of refactoring to the whole range of models used to describe a framework in our methodology: feature model, use case ... Keywords: architecture, design pattern, domain analysis, evolution, feature model, framework, hotspot, refactoring, role, use case

Greg Butler; Lugang Xu

2001-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

350

Spectral and angular dependence of mid-infrared diffuse scattering from explosives residues for standoff detection using external cavity quantum cascade lasers  

SciTech Connect

We present a study of the spectral and angular dependence of scattered mid-infrared light from surfaces coated with explosives residues (TNT, RDX, and tetryl) detected at a 2 meter standoff distance. An external cavity quantum cascade laser provided tunable illumination between 7 and 8 µm. Important differences were identified in the spectral features between specular reflection and diffuse scattering which will impact most practical testing scenarios and complicate material identification. We discuss some of the factors influencing the dependence of observed spectra on the experimental geometry.

Suter, Jonathan D.; Bernacki, Bruce E.; Phillips, Mark C.

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

A Five-Level Three-Phase Cascade Multilevel Inverter Using a Single DC Source for a PM Synchronous Motor Drive  

SciTech Connect

The interest here is in using a single DC power source to construct a 3-phase 5-level cascade multilevel inverter to be used as a drive for a PM traction motor. The 5-level inverter consists of a standard 3-leg inverter (one leg for each phase) and an H-bridge in series with each inverter leg, which use a capacitor as a DC source. It is shown that one can simultaneously maintain the regulation of the capacitor voltage while achieving an output voltage waveform which is 25% higher than that obtained using a standard 3-leg inverter by itself.

Ozpineci, Burak [ORNL; Chiasson, John N [ORNL; Tolbert, Leon M [ORNL

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Stoichiometric calculations [32] indicate that these two samples would contain approximately the same volume fractions of CSH gel, which suggests ...

2002-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

353

Search Results | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Search Results Search Results Search Results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 10 of 49,006 results. Rebate COOLAdvantage Program '''''Note: Residents affected by Hurricane Sandy...

354

Film cooling effectiveness measurements on rotating and non-rotating turbine components  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Detailed film cooling effectiveness distributions were measured on the stationary blade tip and on the leading edge region of a rotating blade using a Pressure Sensitive Paint technique. Air and nitrogen gas were used as the film cooling gases and the oxygen concentration distribution for each case was measured. The film cooling effectiveness information was obtained from the difference of the oxygen concentration between air and nitrogen gas cases by applying the mass transfer analogy. In the case of the stationary blade tip, plane tip and squealer tip blades were used while the film cooling holes were located (a) along the camber line on the tip or (b) along the span of the pressure side. The average blowing ratio of the cooling gas was controlled to be 0.5, 1.0, and 2.0. Tests were conducted in a five-bladed linear cascade with a blow down facility. The free stream Reynolds number, based on the axial chord length and the exit velocity, was 1,100,000 and the inlet and the exit Mach number were 0.25 and 0.59, respectively. Turbulence intensity level at the cascade inlet was 9.7%. All measurements were made at three different tip gap clearances of 1%, 1.5%, and 2.5% of blade span. Results show that the locations of the film cooling holes and the presence of squealer have significant effects on surface static pressure and film-cooling effectiveness. Same technique was applied to the rotating turbine blade leading edge region. Tests were conducted on the first stage rotor of a 3-stage axial turbine. The Reynolds number based on the axial chord length and the exit velocity was 200,000 and the total to exit pressure ratio was 1.12 for the first rotor. The effects of the rotational speed and the blowing ratio were studied. The rotational speed was controlled to be 2400, 2550, and 3000 rpm and the blowing ratio was 0.5, 1.0, and 2.0. Two different film cooling hole geometries were used; 2-row and 3-row film cooling holes. Results show that the rotational speed changes the directions of the coolant flows. Blowing ratio also changes the distributions of the coolant flows. The results of this study will be helpful in understanding the physical phenomena regarding the film injection and designing more efficient turbine blades.

Ahn, Jaeyong

2005-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Aeromagnetic measurements in the Cascade Range and Modoc Plateau of northern California. Report on work done from December 1, 1980-May 31, 1981  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Spectral analysis of aeromagnetic data collected over north-central California during the summer of 1980 aided in determining magnetic-source bottom depths beneath the survey area. Five regions of shallow magnetic source bottom depths were detected: (1) Secret Spring Mountain and National Lava Beds Monument area; (2) the Mount Shasta area; (3) the Eddys Mountain area; (4) the Big Valley Mountains area; and (5) an area northeast of Lassen Peak. Except for the Eddys Mountain area, all regions exhibiting shallow depths are suggested to be due to elevated Curie-point isotherms. Deeper magnetic source bottom depths were mapped throughout the remainder of the study area, with depths greater than 9 km BSL indicated beneath Lassen Peak and greater than 11 km BSL indicated beneath the Western Cascades, Eastern Klamath Mountains, and Great Valley.

Couch, R.; Gemperle, M.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

THE EFFECTS OF WAVE ESCAPE ON FAST MAGNETOSONIC WAVE TURBULENCE IN SOLAR FLARES  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One of the leading models for electron acceleration in solar flares is stochastic acceleration by weakly turbulent fast magnetosonic waves ({sup f}ast waves{sup )}. In this model, large-scale flows triggered by magnetic reconnection excite large-wavelength fast waves, and fast-wave energy then cascades from large wavelengths to small wavelengths. Electron acceleration by large-wavelength fast waves is weak, and so the model relies on the small-wavelength waves produced by the turbulent cascade. In order for the model to work, the energy cascade time for large-wavelength fast waves must be shorter than the time required for the waves to propagate out of the solar-flare acceleration region. To investigate the effects of wave escape, we solve the wave kinetic equation for fast waves in weak turbulence theory, supplemented with a homogeneous wave-loss term. We find that the amplitude of large-wavelength fast waves must exceed a minimum threshold in order for a significant fraction of the wave energy to cascade to small wavelengths before the waves leave the acceleration region. We evaluate this threshold as a function of the dominant wavelength of the fast waves that are initially excited by reconnection outflows.

Pongkitiwanichakul, Peera; Chandran, Benjamin D. G. [Space Science Center and Department of Physics, University of New Hampshire, Durham, NH 03824 (United States); Karpen, Judith T. [NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States); DeVore, C. Richard, E-mail: pbu3@unh.edu, E-mail: benjamin.chandran@unh.edu, E-mail: judy.karpen@nasa.gov, E-mail: devore@nrl.navy.mil [Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC 20375 (United States)

2012-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

357

1998 NERSC User Survey Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

8 User Survey Results 1998 User Survey Results Respondent Summary NERSC has completed its first user survey since its move to Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. The survey is...

358

Ensemble Clustering for Result Diversification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Page 1. Ensemble Clustering for Result Diversification Dong Nguyen Human Media Interaction University of Twente d.nguyen@utwente.nl ...

2013-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

359

Communicating Results | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Communicating Results Communicating Results Communicating Results Communicating Results: Provide exam results to participants, as well as information regarding any conditions that may require follow-up medical care with their personal physicians or specialists, and provide information regarding possible compensation for work-related illnesses. Follow-up care is not covered by the program. Occupational medicine physicians review the results from the screening exams, along with the completed medical and occupational exposure history questionnaires, to determine whether there are any abnormal findings that may require immediate attention or whether the findings may have been caused by a work-related exposure. Participants requiring urgent medical attention for an abnormal test result are contacted immediately by phone,

360

Experimental Investigation of Film Cooling Effectiveness on Gas Turbine Blades  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High turbine inlet temperature becomes necessary for increasing thermal efficiency of modern gas turbines. To prevent failure of turbine components, advance cooling technologies have been applied to different portions of turbine blades. The detailed film cooling effectiveness distributions along a rotor blade has been studied under combined effects of upstream trailing edge unsteady wake with coolant ejection by the pressure sensitive paint (PSP). The experiment is conducted in a low speed wind tunnel with a five blade linear cascade and exit Reynolds number is 370,000. The density ratios for both blade and trailing edge coolant ejection range from 1.5 to 2.0. Blade blowing ratios are 0.5 and 1.0 on suction surface and 1.0 and 2.0 on pressure surface. Trailing edge jet blowing ratio and Strouhal number are 1.0 and 0.12, respectively. Results show the unsteady wake reduces overall effectiveness. However, the unsteady wake with trailing edge coolant ejection enhances overall effectiveness. Results also show that the overall effectiveness increases by using heavier coolant for ejection and blade film cooling. Leading edge film cooling has been investigated using PSP. There are two test models: seven and three-row of film holes for simulating vane and blade, respectively. Four film holes’ configurations are used for both models: radial angle cylindrical holes, compound angle cylindrical holes, radial angle shaped holes, and compound angle shaped holes. Density ratios are 1.0 to 2.0 while blowing ratios are 0.5 to 1.5. Experiments were conducted in a low speed wind tunnel with Reynolds number 100,900. The turbulence intensity near test model is about 7%. The results show the shaped holes have overall higher effectiveness than cylindrical holes for both designs. As increasing density ratio, density effect on shaped holes becomes evident. Radial angle holes perform better than compound angle holes as increasing blowing and density ratios. Increasing density ratio generally increases overall effectiveness for all configurations and blowing ratios. One exception occurs for compound angle and radial angle shaped hole of three-row design at lower blowing ratio. Effectiveness along stagnation row reduces as increasing density ratio due to coolant jet with insufficient momentum caused by heavier density coolant, shaped hole, and stagnation row.

Li, Shiou-Jiuan

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "resulting cascading effect" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Search Results | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Search Results » Search Results Search Results » Search Results Search Results Enter terms Search Showing 1 - 10 of 48,807 results. Rebate COOLAdvantage Program '''''Note: Residents affected by Hurricane Sandy are eligible for an additional rebate of $200 for qualifying heat pumps, geothermal heat pumps, and air conditioners purchased on or after October... http://energy.gov/node/681216 Rebate CPS Energy- Residential Energy Efficiency Rebate Program CPS Energy offers a variety of rebates for energy efficiency related improvements to residential homes, including: appliances, HVAC equipment, insulation, and equipment recycling.. Rebate... http://energy.gov/node/681221 Rebate CPS Energy- Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebates CPS Energy, San Antonio's municipal electric utility, offers energy

362

2006 NERSC User Survey Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6 User Survey Results 6 User Survey Results Show All | 1 2 3 4 5 ... 15 | Next » 2006 User Survey Results Table of Contents Survey Results Users are invited to provide overall comments about NERSC: Here are the survey results: Respondent Demographics Overall Satisfaction and Importance All Satisfaction, Importance and Usefulness Ratings All Usefulness Topics Hardware Resources Software Visualization and Data Analysis HPC Consulting Services and Communications Web Interfaces Training Comments about NERSC Survey Results Many thanks to the 256 users who responded to this year's User Survey. This represents a response rate of about 13 percent of the active NERSC users. The respondents represent all six DOE Science Offices and a variety of home institutions: see Respondent Demographics. The survey responses provide feedback about every aspect of NERSC's

363

Reliability Results of NERSC Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of various systems at NERSC. They graciously provided meReliability Results of NERSC Systems Akbar Mokhtarani,William Kramer, Jason Hick NERSC - LBNL Abstract In order to

Mokhtarani, Akbar; Petascale Data Storage Institute (PDSI)

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Peer Effects in Employment: Results from Mexico's Poor Rural Communities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to design better performing rural development strategies.and G. Escobar. 2001. “Rural Nonfarm Employment and IncomesBank. 2002. Reaching the Rural Poor: An Updated Strategy for

Araujo, Caridad; de Janvry, Alain; Sadoulet, Elisabeth

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

365

Precise Regression Benchmarking with Random Effects: Improving Mono Benchmark Results  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Benchmarking as a method of assessing software performance is known to su#er from random fluctuations that distort the observed performance. In this paper, we focus on the fluctuations caused by compilation.

Tomas Kalibera; Petr Tuma

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Residential IECC Cost Effectiveness Analysis and Results | Building...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Carolina* North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon* Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington* West Virginia Wisconsin...

367

Results on hard diffractive production  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The results of experiments at hadron colliders probing the structure of the pomeron through hard diffraction are reviewed. Some results on deep inelastic diffractive scattering obtained at HERA are also discussed and placed in perspective. By using a properly normalized pomeron flux factor in single diffraction dissociation as dictated by unitarity

Konstantin Goulianos; The CDF Collaboration

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

CDF results on B decays  

SciTech Connect

The authors present recent CDF results on B lifetimes, B meson mass measurements, ratios of branching ratios, and rare decays. In addition, they present the first measurement of time-dependent B{sub d} mixing at CDF. Several results have been updated and a few new ones included since the workshop.

Skarha, J.E. [Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD (United States)

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Forward Physics and BRAHMS results  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report here the BRAHMS measurements of particle production in d+Au and p+p collisions at RHIC. The results presented here are compared to previous p+A measurements at lower energies in fixed target mode. Some preliminary results on abundances of identified particles at high rapidity are also presented.

Ramiro Debbe; for the BRAHMS Collaboration

2005-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

370

Top physics results at CDF  

SciTech Connect

The most recent results on top quark physics at CDF are reported. Measurements of cross-section and mass are presented, and the status of single top quark production searches are discussed. The results obtained from probing various top quark properties are also presented.

Vickey, Trevor; /Illinois U., Urbana

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

2005 NERSC User Survey Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5 User Survey Results 5 User Survey Results Show All | 1 2 3 4 5 ... 10 | Next » 2005 User Survey Results Table of Contents Response Summary Respondent Demographics All Satisfaction, Importance and Usefulness Ratings Hardware Resources Software Visualization and Data Analysis Services and Communications Web Interfaces Training Comments about NERSC Response Summary Many thanks to the 201 users who responded to this year's User Survey. The respondents represent all six DOE Science Offices and a variety of home institutions: see Respondent Demographics. The survey responses provide feedback about every aspect of NERSC's operation, help us judge the quality of our services, give DOE information on how well NERSC is doing, and point us to areas we can improve. The survey results are listed below.

372

2000 NERSC User Survey Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

0 User Survey Results 0 User Survey Results Show All | 1 2 3 4 5 ... 10 | Next » 2000 User Survey Results Table of Contents Response Summary User Information Overall Satisfaction and Importance All Satisfaction Questions and FY 1999 to FY 2000 Changes Consulting and Account Support Web and Communications Hardware Resources Software Resources Training User Comments Response Summary NERSC extends its thanks to all the users who participated in this year's survey. Your responses provide feedback about every aspect of NERSC's operation, help us judge the quality of our services, give DOE information on how well NERSC is doing, and point us to areas we can improve. Every year we institute changes based on the survey; the FY 1999 survey resulted in the following changes: We created a long-running queue (12 hours maximum) for jobs using up

373

Main Results of Grossversuch IV  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The main results of a randomized hail suppression experiment, Grossversuch IV, are presented in this paper. Grossversuch IV tested the “Soviet” hail prevention method during five years (1977–81). The field experiment took place in central ...

B. Federer; A. Waldvogel; W. Schmid; H. H. Schiesser; F. Hampel; Marianne Schweingruber; W. Stahel; J. Bader; J. F. Mezeix; Nadie Doras; G. D'Aubigny; G. DerMegreditchian; D. Vento

1986-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

Automatic categorization of query results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Exploratory ad-hoc queries could return too many answers - a phenomenon commonly referred to as "information overload". In this paper, we propose to automatically categorize the results of SQL queries to address this problem. We dynamically generate ...

Kaushik Chakrabarti; Surajit Chaudhuri; Seung-won Hwang

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

375

Results from NA61/SHINE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we summarize recent results from NA61/SHINE relevant for heavy ion physics, neutrino oscillations and the interpretation of air showers induced by ultra-high energy cosmic rays.

Unger, M

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

DOE Patents Database - Search Results  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Results: Zero matches. Page 1 of 1 Show only () Items Clear all () Items Refine Search Patent Title Inventor(s) Issue Date Patent Number Full Text Top Return to Original...

377

COBE Tutorial and Recent Results  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Some of the technical details involved in taking and analyzing data from COBE are discussed, and recent results from the FIRAS and DMR experiments are summarized. Some of the cosmological implications of these recent data are presented.

Edward L. Wright

1994-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

378

COMPARISON OF LEACHING RESULTS FOR  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

EFFECTS OF pH, ORP, AND CONDUCTIVITY ON EFFECTS OF pH, ORP, AND CONDUCTIVITY ON LEACHING OF TRACE METALS FROM FLY ASH George Kazonich U.S. Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory Environmental Science Division P.O. Box 10940 Pittsburgh, PA 15236 ABSTRACT Leaching of metals from coal utilization by-products (CUB) is being studied to assess the potential for environmental damage. Samples contained in fixed-bed columns were leached with five lixiviants. The lixiviants simulated environmental liquids and varied from acidic to alkaline (pH 1 to pH 11). The leachates were analyzed for major and trace metals. Trace metals that formed cations were leached by acidic lixiviants although, in most cases, the total amount leached was small. The concentrations of metals were low initially, increased rapidly

379

2004 NERSC User Survey Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4 User Survey Results 4 User Survey Results Show All | 1 2 3 4 5 ... 13 | Next » 2004 User Survey Results Table of Contents Response Summary Respondent Demographics Overall Satisfaction and Importance All Satisfaction, Importance and Usefulness Ratings Hardware Resources Software Security and One Time Passwords Visualization and Data Analysis HPC Consulting Services and Communications Web Interfaces Training Comments about NERSC Response Summary Many thanks to the 209 users who responded to this year's User Survey. The respondents represent all six DOE Science Offices and a variety of home institutions: see Respondent Demographics. The survey responses provide feedback about every aspect of NERSC's operation, help us judge the quality of our services, give DOE information on how well NERSC is doing, and point us to areas we can improve. The

380

1999 NERSC User Survey Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

9 User Survey Results 9 User Survey Results Show All | 1 2 3 4 5 ... 11 | Next » 1999 User Survey Results Table of Contents Respondent Summary Overall Satisfaction User Information Visualization Consulting and Account Support Information Technology and Communication Hardware Resources Software Training Comments about NERSC All Satisfaction Questions and FY 1998 to FY 1999 Changes Respondent Summary NERSC would like to thank all the users who participated in this year's survey. Your responses provide feedback about every aspect of NERSC's operation, help us judge the quality of our services, give DOE information on how well NERSC is doing, point us to areas we can improve, and show how we compare to similar facilities. This year 177 users responded to our survey, compared with 138 last year.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "resulting cascading effect" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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381

VEMAP 2: Selected Model Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Model Results Model Results The ORNL DAAC announces the release of two data sets from Phase 2 of the Vegetation/Ecosystem Modeling and Analysis Project (VEMAP). The two data sets contain monthly and annual results, respectively, from experiments conducted to compare the ecological responses of the suite of VEMAP models to projected transient scenarios of climate and atmospheric carbon dioxide for the period 1994 to 2100. The models investigated included five biogeochemical cycling models, which simulate plant production and nutrient cycles but rely on a static land-cover type, and two dynamic global vegetation models (DGVMs), which combine biogeochemical cycling processes with dynamic biogeographical processes including succession and fire simulation. VEMAP was an international project studying the response of biogeochemical

382

results | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

5 5 Varnish cache server Home Groups Community Central Green Button Applications Developer Utility Rate FRED: FRee Energy Database More Public Groups Private Groups Features Groups Blog posts Content Stream Documents Discussions Polls Q & A Events Notices My stuff Energy blogs 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142235135 Varnish cache server results Home Jweers's picture Submitted by Jweers(83) Contributor 16 May, 2013 - 14:22 Multicolor Maps from Compound Queries ask queries compound queries developer Google maps maps multicolor result formats results Semantic Mediawiki Hi all, Recently, a couple of people on OpenEI have asked me how to do compound (or multicolor) maps like this one: Syndicate content 429 Throttled (bot load)

383

2002 NERSC User Survey Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2 User Survey Results 2 User Survey Results Show All | 1 2 3 4 5 ... 11 | Next » 2002 User Survey Results Table of Contents Response Summary User Information Overall Satisfaction and Importance All Satisfaction Questions and Changes from Previous Years Visualization and Grid Computing Web, NIM, and Communications Hardware Resources Software Training User Services Comments about NERSC Response Summary Many thanks to the 300 users who responded to this year's User Survey -- this represents the highest response level in the five years we have conducted the survey. The respondents represent all five DOE Science Offices and a variety of home institutions: see User Information. You can see the FY 2002 User Survey text, in which users rated us on a 7-point satisfaction scale. Some areas were also rated on a 3-point

384

2001 NERSC User Survey Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

1 User Survey Results 1 User Survey Results Show All | 1 2 3 4 5 ... 11 | Next » 2001 User Survey Results Table of Contents Response Summary User Information Overall Satisfaction and Importance All Satisfaction Questions and Changes from Previous Years NERSC Information Management (NIM) System Web and Communications Hardware Resources Software Training User Services Comments about NERSC Response Summary NERSC extends its thanks to the 237 users who participated in this year's survey; this compares with 134 respondents last year. The respondents represent all five DOE Science Offices and a variety of home institutions: see User Information. Your responses provide feedback about every aspect of NERSC's operation, help us judge the quality of our services, give DOE information on how well

385

New Results on R Aquarii  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The first results on new optical data for R Aquarii (based on observations obtained with the 2.5m INT, the 2.5m NOT and the 3.5m NTT) are presented. The morphology and kinematics of the nebula, based on data obtained with the NTT from 1991 to 2000, are discussed. Physical parameters of the outer nebula and the knotty jet are derived using spectra obtained with the INT in 2001. From the analysis of all these data we propose that the spectacular knotty inner structure of R Aqr could result from the interaction of a highly collimated pulsating young jet with the older hourglass inner nebula.

D. R. Goncalves; A. Mampaso; S. Navarro; R. M. L. Corradi

2003-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

386

Energy efficient residence: research results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report on the design, construction, and monitoring of an energy efficient residence and a conventional comparison home by the National Association of Home Builders Research Foundation, Inc. The report describes the two homes in considerable detail, summarizes the results of the energy and other measurements, and evaluates many of the energy conservation techniques used. Finally, these results are synthesized with the foundation's other energy conservation experience into two lists of energy saving design tips for homes in both colder and warmer climates. Most of the design tips are accompanied by brief comments intended to aid in their interpretation and use.

Johnson, R.J.

1980-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

A National Forum on Demand Response: Results on What Remains...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cost-Effectiveness Working Group A National Forum on Demand Response: Results on What Remains to Be Done to Achieve Its Potential - Cost-Effectiveness Working Group In July 2011,...

388

Physics results from dynamical overlap fermion simulations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I summarize the physics results obtained from large-scale dynamical overlap fermion simulations by the JLQCD and TWQCD collaborations. The numerical simulations are performed at a fixed global topological sector; the physics results in the theta-vacuum is reconstructed by correcting the finite volume effect, for which the measurement of the topological susceptibility is crucial. Physics applications we studied so far include a calculation of chiral condensate, pion mass, decay constant, form factors, as well as (vector and axial-vector) vacuum polarization functions and nucleon sigma term.

Shoji Hashimoto

2008-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

389

RHIC spin flipper commissioning results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The five AC dipole RHIC spin flipper design in the RHIC Blue ring was first tested during the RHIC 2012 polarized proton operation. The advantage of this design is to eliminate the vertical coherent betatron oscillations outside the spin flipper. The closure of each ac dipole vertical bump was measured with orbital response as well as spin. The effect of the rotating field on the spin motion by the spin flipper was also confirmed by measuring the suppressed resonance at Q{sub s} = 1 - Q{sub osc}.

Bai M.; Roser, T.; Dawson, C.; Kewisch, J.; Makdisi, Y.; Oddo, P.; Pai, C.; Pile, P.

2012-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

390

Power Systems Development Facility: Test Results 2007  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) established the Power Systems Development Facility (PSDF) to fulfill two major objectives. The first was to develop a gasifier able to process low-rank fuels more efficiently and cost-effectively than currently available designs. This work resulted in the Transport Gasifier for which two commercial projects have been announced. The second objective was to develop high-temperature, high-pressure (HTHP) filtration to facilitate high-temperature syngas cleanup and, thereb...

2007-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

391

Power Systems Development Facility: Test Results 2008  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The United States Department of Energy (US DOE) established the Power Systems Development Facility (PSDF) to fulfill two major objectives. The first was to develop a gasifier able to process low-rank fuels more efficiently and cost-effectively than currently available designs. This work resulted in the Transport Gasifier for which two commercial projects have been announced. The second objective was to develop high-temperature, high-pressure (HTHP) filtration to facilitate high-temperature syngas cleanup...

2008-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

392

Cross-Barrier Flow during Orographic Precipitation Events: Results from MAP and IMPROVE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Ground-based and airborne Doppler radar data collected during passage of frontal rainstorms over the European Alps and Cascade Mountains of Oregon are found to exhibit characteristic cross-barrier flow and precipitation patterns. A stably ...

Socorro Medina; Bradley F. Smull; Robert A. Houze Jr.; Matthias Steiner

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Top Physics Results from CDF  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The top quark is by far the most massive fundamental particle observed so far, and the study of its properties is interesting for several reasons ranging from its possible special role in electroweak symmetry breaking to its sensitivity to physics beyond the Standard Model. We present recent top physics results from CDF based on 160-320 inverse pb of ppbar collision data at a center-of-mass energy of 1.96 TeV. The ttbar cross section and the top mass have been measured in different decay channels and using different methods. We have searched for evidence of single top production, setting upper limits on its production rate. Other results shown in this conference include studies of the polarization of W bosons from top decays, a search for charged Higgs decaying from top, and a search for additional heavy t' quarks.

Gervasio Gomez

2005-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

394

ATLAS Status and latest results  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The ATLAS experiment is a general-purpose detector located in one of the four interaction points of the Large Hadron Collider at CERN, Switzerland. In 2010 LHC has been colliding proton beams at the unprecedented centre-of-mass energy of 7 TeV. The last month of operation was dedicated to Pb-ion collisions at centre-of-mass energy of 2.76 TeV per nucleon. In this talk, a survey of the status of the ATLAS detector in both runs will be presented. The main results in pp collisions, including the study of minimum bias events, jets, W/Z, top and first searches for new physics will be reviewed. First results from heavy Ion collisions will be focussed on charged particle multiplicity, transverse energy, and elliptic flow as a function of collision geometry.

Sbarra, C; The ATLAS collaboration

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

DOE Patents Database - Search Results  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Issue Date between 07/06/2013 and 01/06/2014 Issue Date between 07/06/2013 and 01/06/2014 Sorted By: Issue Date, Descending Results: 1-25 of exactly 581 matches. Page 1 of 24 Next » Show only (√) Items Clear all (√) Items Refine Search Patent Title Inventor(s) Issue Date Patent Number Full Text A multiprocessor system supports multiple concurrent modes of speculative execution. Speculation identification numbers (IDs) are allocated to speculative threads from a pool of available numbers. The pool is divided into domains, with each domain being assigned to a mode of speculation. Modes of speculation include TM, TLS, and rollback. Allocation of the IDs is carried out with respect to a central state table and using hardware pointers. The IDs are used for writing different versions of speculative results in different ways of a set in a cache memory.

396

Heavy Flavour results from Tevatron  

SciTech Connect

The CDF and D0 experiments finalize the analysis of their full statistics collected in the p{bar p} collisions at a center-of-mass energy of {radical}s = 1.96 TeV at the Fermilab Tevatron collider. This paper presents several new results on the properties of hadrons containing heavy b- and c-quarks obtained by both collaborations. These results include the search for the rare decays B{sup 0}, B{sub s}{sup 0} {yields} {mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -} (CDF), the study of CP asymmetry in B{sub s} {yields} J{psi}{phi} decay (CDF, D0), the measurement of the like-sign dimuon charge asymmetry (D0), the measurement of CP asymmetry in D{sup 0} {yields} K{sup +}K{sup -} and D{sup 0} {yields} {pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -} decays (CDF), and the new measurement of the B{sub s} {yields} D{sub s}{sup (*)+} D{sub s}{sup (*)-} branching fraction (CDF). Both experiments still expect to produce more results on the properties of heavy flavours.

Borissov, G.; /Lancaster U.

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

PHEV Parcel Delivery Truck Model - Development and Preliminary Results (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Describes results of a study to determine the impact of drive cycles on the energy- and cost-effectiveness of plug-in hybrid electric delivery vans.

Barnitt, R

2009-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

398

Distribution Conductor Burndown Test Results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On overhead distribution circuits, conductor burndown is a well-documented phenomenon. Two systems are especially vulnerable to burndown: covered conductors (also known as tree wires or coated conductors) and small bare wires. In a burndown scenario, a power-follow arc develops on the system, with at least one end of the arc attached to a conductor. The arc heats the conductor, which causes the strands to anneal and lose tensile strength. The burndown event results in the strands breaking and the conduct...

2009-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

399

APS undulator radiation: First results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The first undulator radiation has been extracted from the Advanced Photon Source (APS). The results from the characterization of this radiation are very satisfactory. With the undulator set at a gap of 15.8 mm (K=1.61), harmonics as high as the 17th were observed using a crystal spectrometer. The angular distribution of the third-harmonic radiation was measured, and the source was imaged using a zone plate to determine the particle beam emittance. The horizontal beam emittance was found to be 6.9 {plus_minus} 1.0 nm-rad, and the vertical emittance coupling was found to be less than 3%. The absolute spectral flux was measured over a wide range of photon energies, and it agrees remarkably well with the theoretical calculations based on the measured undulator magnetic field profile and the measured beam emittance. These results indicate that both the emittance of the electron beam and the undulator magnetic field quality exceed the original specifications.

Cai, Z.; Dejus, R.J.; Hartog, P.D.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

400

OBSERVATIONS FROM SDO, HINODE, AND STEREO OF A TWISTING AND WRITHING START TO A SOLAR-FILAMENT-ERUPTION CASCADE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We analyze data from SDO (AIA, HMI), Hinode (SOT, XRT, EIS), and STEREO (EUVI) of a solar eruption sequence of 2011 June 1 near 16:00 UT, with an emphasis on the early evolution toward eruption. Ultimately, the sequence consisted of three emission bursts and two filament ejections. SDO/AIA 304 A images show absorbing-material strands initially in close proximity which over {approx}20 minutes form a twisted structure, presumably a flux rope with {approx}10{sup 29} erg of free energy that triggers the resulting evolution. A jump in the filament/flux rope's displacement (average velocity {approx}20 km s{sup -1}) and the first burst of emission accompanies the flux-rope formation. After {approx}20 more minutes, the flux rope/filament kinks and writhes, followed by a semi-steady state where the flux rope/filament rises at ({approx}5 km s{sup -1}) for {approx}10 minutes. Then the writhed flux rope/filament again becomes MHD unstable and violently erupts, along with rapid (50 km s{sup -1}) ejection of the filament and the second burst of emission. That ejection removed a field that had been restraining a second filament, which subsequently erupts as the second filament ejection accompanied by the third (final) burst of emission. Magnetograms from SDO/HMI and Hinode/SOT, and other data, reveal several possible causes for initiating the flux-rope-building reconnection, but we are not able to say which is dominant. Our observations are consistent with magnetic reconnection initiating the first burst and the flux-rope formation, with MHD processes initiating the further dynamics. Both filament ejections are consistent with the standard model for solar eruptions.

Sterling, Alphonse C.; Moore, Ronald L. [Space Science Office, ZP13, NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL 35812 (United States); Hara, Hirohisa, E-mail: alphonse.sterling@nasa.gov, E-mail: ron.moore@nasa.gov, E-mail: hirohisa.hara@nao.ac.jp [National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan)

2012-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "resulting cascading effect" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Data Transfer Nodes Yield Results!  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DTN DTN Data Transfer Nodes Yield Results August 1, 2011 | Tags: Accelerator Science, Data Transfer, ESnet Linda Vu, +1 510 495 2402, lvu@lbl.gov The ability to reliably move and share data around the globe is essential to scientific collaboration, that's why three Department of Energy (DOE) Scientific Computing Centers-Argonne and Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facilities, and the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC)-have teamed up to focus on optimizing wide area network (WAN) transfers. This ongoing effort began several years ago when each site deployed dedicated transfer nodes (DTNs), optimized for carrying data between the DOE facilities. Today, engineers from each site continue to meet regularly with DOE's Energy Sciences Network staff (ESnet) to develop strategies

402

Microsoft Word - S07076_Results  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Hydrologic and Hydrologic and Natural Gas Sampling and Analysis Results for 2010 December 2010 Approved for public release; further dissemination unlimited LMS/GSB/S07076 Available for sale to the public from: U.S. Department of Commerce National Technical Information Service 5301 Shawnee Road Alexandria, VA 22312 Telephone: 800.553.6847 Fax: 703.605.6900 E-mail: orders@ntis.gov Online Ordering: http://www.ntis.gov/help/ordermethods.aspx Available electronically at http://www.osti.gov/bridge Available for a processing fee to U.S. Department of Energy and its contractors, in paper, from: U.S. Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information P.O. Box 62 Oak Ridge, TN 37831-0062 Phone: 865.576.8401 Fax: 865.576.5728

403

New Results on Solar Neutrinos  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper reviews the constraints on the solar neutrino mixing parameters with data collected by the Homestake, SAGE, GALLEX, Kamiokande, SuperKamiokande, Borexino and SNO experiments. An emphasis will be given to the global solar neutrino analyses in terms of matter-enhanced oscillation of two and three active flavors. The results to-date, including both solar model dependent and independent measurements, indicate that electron neutrinos are changing to other active types on route to the Earth from the Sun. The total flux of solar neutrinos is found to be in very good agreement with solar model calculations. Today, solar neutrino measurements focus on greater accuracy for mixing parameters and on better sensitivity to low neutrino energies. This article also summarizes near future prospects in the field of solar neutrino physics.

Alain Bellerive

2010-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

404

New Results on Solar Neutrinos  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper reviews the constraints on the solar neutrino mixing parameters with data collected by the Homestake, SAGE, GALLEX, Kamiokande, SuperKamiokande, Borexino and SNO experiments. An emphasis will be given to the global solar neutrino analyses in terms of matter-enhanced oscillation of two and three active flavors. The results to-date, including both solar model dependent and independent measurements, indicate that electron neutrinos are changing to other active types on route to the Earth from the Sun. The total flux of solar neutrinos is found to be in very good agreement with solar model calculations. Today, solar neutrino measurements focus on greater accuracy for mixing parameters and on better sensitivity to low neutrino energies. This article also summarizes near future prospects in the field of solar neutrino physics.

Bellerive, Alain

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

MITG test procedure and results  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Elements and modules for Radioisotope Thermoelectric Generator have been performance tested since the inception of the RTG program. These test articles seldom resembled flight hardware and often lacked adequate diagnostic instrumentation. Because of this, performance problems were not identified in the early stage of program development. The lack of test data in an unexpected area often hampered the development of a problem solution. A procedure for conducting the MITG Test was developed in an effort to obtain data in a systematic, unambiguous manner. This procedure required the development of extensive data acquisition software and test automation. The development of a facility to implement the test procedure, the facility hardware and software requirements, and the results of the MITG testing are the subject of this paper.

Eck, M.B.; Mukunda, M.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Microsoft Word - S08153_Results  

Office of Legacy Management (LM)

Natural Gas and Produced Water Sampling and Analysis Results for 2011 September 2011 Approved for public release; further dissemination unlimited LMS/GSB/S08153 Available for sale to the public from: U.S. Department of Commerce National Technical Information Service 5301 Shawnee Road Alexandria, VA 22312 Telephone: 800.553.6847 Fax: 703.605.6900 E-mail: orders@ntis.gov Online Ordering: http://www.ntis.gov/help/ordermethods.aspx Available electronically at http://www.osti.gov/bridge Available for a processing fee to U.S. Department of Energy and its contractors, in paper, from: U.S. Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information P.O. Box 62 Oak Ridge, TN 37831-0062 Phone: 865.576.8401 Fax: 865.576.5728

407

Argonne TTRDC - Green Racing - Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Results and Recaps Results and Recaps Green Racing Initiative - 2011 Season The Green Racing Initiative, managed by Argonne for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), has become an integral part of the American Le Mans Series (ALMS). The 2011 season continued the growth and acceptance of green racing activities in the Series. In August 2011, ALMS announced that it would implement Green Racing 2.0 in future races. Renewable Fuel Use The 2011 ALMS season saw the use of non-petroleum and renewable fuels become dominant. Every Green Challenge victory in the Gran Turismo (GT) category and five out of nine victories in the Le Mans Prototype (LMP) category were won by a car using advanced fuels. Underlining the significance of this movement to advanced renewable fuels is that teams and engineers from all over the world made the decision to switch to these fuels because of their performance advantages alone. There were no incentives for switching in the form of funding or extra points. ALMS goes to great lengths to balance the performance of all the cars, so the switch to these fuels was made solely because they offered better efficiency and, in some cases, more power. The Green Challenge scoring system, developed by Argonne engineers in cooperation with the ALMS, accurately reflects renewable fuels' characteristics in terms of its greenhouse gas and oil replacement attributes without rewarding their selection of these over conventional fuels. That is what makes this switch to renewable replacements for conventional oil-based fuels all the more significant.

408

Energy Monitoring - Objectives vs Results  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Universities, hospitals and similar institutions as well as manufacturers and plants have implemented programs of utility submetering. Submetering of utilities is defined as the measurement of energy at or near the point of use as opposed to gross measurement of energy coming into a building or facility. Without exception, the results achieved have met or exceeded expectations. Most of the programs are continuing in an expanding mode. Results of improvements to the utility distribution system can be measured in reduced usage and improved efficiency after submetering is in place. Networking of this monitoring system further enhances information collection and analysis. When other factors such as outside temperature and time of day are included in the data base, an emerging picture of energy usage for an entire facility is developed. A summary of highlights from several of these programs will be discussed in terms of what has been and is being accomplished. The importance of the commitment of both management and technologists/operators becomes evident as the initial objectives are achieved and expanded to match the innovation and skills of these professionals. The programs highlighted represent a group of progressive companies and institutions which have joined a "savings club." We are familiar with the savings clubs based on the investment of capital, depending strictly on interest to generate funds for us. The kind of savings clubs to be discussed in this paper joins capital with the more important human element to generate significant savings in deferred energy expenses. Steps necessary to "join the club" are listed and the ingredients of commitment and planning are discussed.

McEver, R. M.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

TurningPoint Evaluation Results  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Results of the Knoxville 2012 Meeting Evaluation 15 22.06% 5 7.35% 36 52.94% 0 0% 3 4.41% 6 8.82% 3 4.41% Totals 68 100% 25 17.86% 38 27.14% 38 27.14% 38 27.14% 1 0.71% Totals 140 100% 35 47.30% 36 48.65% 2 2.70% 1 1.35% Totals 74 100% 1.) Please indicate what type of agency or company you represent. Responses Federal 2.) Which breakout sessions did you attend? Responses NRC: Storage and disposal topics NRC: Rulemakings and studies Emerging technologies for HAZMAT shipments Harmonization, DOE directives, TEPP activitie... Tribal State executive State legislature Local Private Other Didn't attend None 3.) Keynote Address: DOE Office of Environmental Management Responses Very Somewhat Not useful 22.1% 7.4% 52.9% 0% 4.4% 8.8% 4.4% Federal Tribal State executive State legislature Local

410

Majorana Thermosyphon Prototype Experimental Results  

SciTech Connect

Objective The Majorana demonstrator will operate at liquid Nitrogen temperatures to ensure optimal spectrometric performance of its High Purity Germanium (HPGe) detector modules. In order to transfer the heat load of the detector module, the Majorana demonstrator requires a cooling system that will maintain a stable liquid nitrogen temperature. This cooling system is required to transport the heat from the detector chamber outside the shield. One approach is to use the two phase liquid-gas equilibrium to ensure constant temperature. This cooling technique is used in a thermosyphon. The thermosyphon can be designed so the vaporization/condensing process transfers heat through the shield while maintaining a stable operating temperature. A prototype of such system has been built at PNNL. This document presents the experimental results of the prototype and evaluates the heat transfer performance of the system. The cool down time, temperature gradient in the thermosyphon, and heat transfer analysis are studied in this document with different heat load applied to the prototype.

Fast, James E.; Reid, Douglas J.; Aguayo Navarrete, Estanislao

2010-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

411

Result of recent weatherization retrofit projects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Pacific Gas and Electric (PG and E) and the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) have conducted studies in their respective service areas in order to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of certain conservation retrofits. Twenty houses in Walnut Creek, California, underwent an infiltration reduction program, similar to house doctoring. Ten of these houses also received additional contractor-installed measures. BPA retrofitted 18 houses at its Midway substation in central Washington. Retrofits made to the houses included: attic and crawlspace insulation, foundation sill caulking, storm windows and doors, increased attic ventilation, and infiltration reduction. Energy consumption and weather data were monitored before and after each set of retrofits in both projects. Leakage measurements were made by researchers from the Energy Efficient Buildings Program using blower door fan pressurization, thereby allowing calculation of heating season infiltration rates. An energy use model correlating energy consumption with outside temperature was developed in order to determine improvements to the thermal conductance of the building envelope as a result of the retrofits. Energy savings were calculated based on the results of the energy use model. As a check on these findings, the Computerized Instrumented Residential Audit (CIRA) load calculation program developed at Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory provided a theoretical estimate of the savings resulting from the retrofits. At Midway, storm windows and doors were found to save the most energy. Because the Midway houses were not very leaky at the beginning of the experiment, the infiltration reduction procedures were less effective than expected. In the Walnut Creek project, the infiltration reduction procedures did decrease the leakiness of the test houses, but the effect upon energy savings was not great.

Dickinson, J.B.; Lipschutz, R.D.; O'Regan, B.; Wagner, B.S.

1982-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

Winter Infiltration Results from the FRTF Laboratory  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Florida Florida Winter Infiltration Results from the FRTF Laboratory Building America Stakeholders Meeting Austin, TX March 1-2, 2012 Philip Fairey FLORIDA SOLAR ENERGY CENTER - A Research Institute of the University of Central Florida Project Objectives Under side-by-side, in situ controlled conditions: * Measure effectiveness of various energy retrofit improvements * Produce high-quality empirical data set useful for home energy simulation verification. FLORIDA SOLAR ENERGY CENTER - A Research Institute of the University of Central Florida * Two identical side-by-side 1536 ft 2 , concrete block, slab-on-grade residences * Single pane fenestration, evenly distributed * No concrete block wall insulation

413

New Results on Standard Solar Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe the current status of solar modelling and focus on the problems originated with the introduction of solar abundance determinations with low CNO abundance values. We use models computed with solar abundance compilations obtained during the last decade, including the newest published abundances by Asplund and collaborators. Results presented here make focus both on helioseismic properties and the models as well as in the neutrino fluxes predictions. We also discuss changes in radiative opacities to restore agreement between helioseismology, solar models, and solar abundances and show the effect of such modifications on solar neutrino fluxes.

Serenelli, Aldo M

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Experimental Results of the Small Isochronous Ring  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Small Isochronous Ring (SIR) has been in operation since December 2003. The main purpose of this ring, developed and built at the National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory (NSCL) at Michigan State University (MSU), is to simulate the dynamics of intense beams in large accelerators. To observe the same effects, the beam power needed in SIR is orders of magnitude lower and the time scale is much longer than in the full scale machines. These differences simplify the design and operation of the accelerator. The ring measurements can be used to validate the results of space charge codes. After a variable number of turns, the injected hydrogen bunch (with energies up to 30 keV) is extracted and its longitudinal profile is measured using a fast Faraday cup. We present a summary of the design, the results of the first six months of operation and the comparison with selected space charge codes.

Felix Martin; Richard York; Juan Rodriguez; Eduard Pozdeyev

2004-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Experimental results from the small isochronous ring  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Small Isochronous Ring (SIR) is a compact, low-energy storage ring designed to investigate the beam dynamics of high-intensity isochronous cyclotrons and synchrotrons at the transition energy. The ring was developed at Michigan State University (MSU) and has been operational since December 2003. It stores 20 keV hydrogen beams with a peak current of 10-20 microamps for up to 200 turns. The transverse and longitudinal profiles of extracted bunches are measured with an accuracy of approximately 1 mm. The high accuracy of the measurements makes the experimental data attractive for validation of multi-particle space charge codes. The results obtained in the ring show a fast growth of the energy spread induced by the space charge forces. The energy spread growth is accompanied by a breakup of the beam bunches into separated clusters that are involved in the vortex motion specific to the isochronous regime. The experimental results presented in the paper show a remarkable agreement with simulations performed with the code CYCO. In this paper, we discuss specifics of space charge effects in the isochronous regime, present results of experiments in SIR, and conduct a detailed comparison of the experimental data with results of simulations.

Eduard Pozdeyev

2005-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Results of LWR snubber aging research  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes the aging research results and recommendations for snubbers used in commercial nuclear power plants. Snubbers are safety-related devices used to restrain undesirable dynamic loads at various piping and equipment locations in nuclear power plants (NPPs). Each snubber must accommodate a plant's normal thermal movements and must be capable of restraining the maximum off-normal dynamic loads, such as a seismic event or a transient, postulated for its specific location. The effects of snubber aging and the factors that contribute to the degradation of their safety performance need to be better understood. Thus, Phase II of Nuclear Plant Aging Research was conducted to enhance the understanding of snubber aging and its consequences. Pacific Northwest Laboratory staff and their subcontractors, Lake Engineering and Wyle Laboratories, visited eight sites (encompassing thirteen plants) to conduct interviews with NPP staff and to collect data on snubber aging, testing, and maintenance. The Phase II research methodology, evaluation, results, conclusions, and recommendations are described in the report. Effective methods for service-life monitoring of snubbers are included in the recommendations.

Brown, D P [Lake Engineering Co., Greenville, RI (United States); Werry, E V; Blahnik, D E [Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Edison, NERSC's Cray Cascade System  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Edison Edison Edison Edison-XBD201311-04294-07.jpg Current Status: Up Edison is NERSC's newest peta-flop machine, a Cray XC30, with a peak performance of 2.39 petaflops/sec, 124,608 compute cores, 332 terabytes of memory, and 7.5 petabytes of disk. Updates and Status Find information on timeline, recent announcements and known issues Read More » Getting Started on Edison How to get running on Edison for first-time users. Read More » Configuration Details on the Edison hardware and software. Read More » Programming Edison provides the Intel (default), Cray and GNU compilers. Read More » Running jobs Information about how to run various jobs on Edison Read More » File Storage and I/O Edison has 5 different file systems which provide different levels of disk storage, file I/O performance. You can find information on I/O

418

Staged cascade fluidized bed combustor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A fluid bed combustor comprising a plurality of fluidized bed stages interconnected by downcomers providing controlled solids transfer from stage to stage. Each stage is formed from a number of heat transfer tubes carried by a multiapertured web which passes fluidizing air to upper stages. The combustor cross section is tapered inwardly from the middle towards the top and bottom ends. Sorbent materials, as well as non-volatile solid fuels, are added to the top stages of the combustor, and volatile solid fuels are added at an intermediate stage.

Cannon, Joseph N. (4103 Farragut St., Hyattsville, MD 20781); De Lucia, David E. (58 Beacon St., Apt. No. 2, Boston, MA 02108); Jackson, William M. (5300 McArthur Blvd., NW., Washington, DC 20016); Porter, James H. (P.O. Box 1131, Daggett Ave., Vineyard Haven, MA 02568)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

419

Edison, NERSC's Cray Cascade System  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Edison Phase I - Retired 6242013 Edison Jeff2 Edison Phase I system was retired on 06242013 for the Phase II installation NERSC's newest supercomputer, named Edison after U.S....

420

Columbia Cascade Ecoprovince Wildlife Assessment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The University of Puerto Rico is a well established and mature institution, with a total enrollment of Puerto Rico. It holds membership in the Middle States Commission on Higher Education since 1946 by professional entities. The Mayagüez Campus of the University of Puerto Rico is a member of Oak Ridge Associated

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "resulting cascading effect" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Parameters of Cascade Gamma-Decay of Compound-Nuclei Nd-146, Gd-156, Yb-172, Ta-182, W-184, Os-191, Th-231,233, U-239, Pu-240 from Experimental Data of Reaction $(n,?)$  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Re-analysis of experimental data on primary gamma-transitions averaged over some energy intervals of neutron resonances has been performed. Approximation of their cumulative sums together with extrapolation of the obtained distribution to zero value allowed us to determine mean intensities of of E1- and M1-transitions, their probable number and total dispersion of intensity deviations from the mean value. The level density and sum of radiative strength functions determined in this way confirm main peculiarities of these nuclear parameters determined from intensities of the two-step gamma-cascades.

A. M. Sukhovoj; V. A. Khitrov

2009-06-17T23:59:59.000Z

422

Uncertainty in in-place filter test results  

SciTech Connect

Some benefits of accounting for uncertainty in in-place filter test results are explored. Information the test results provide relative to system performance acceptance limits is evaluated in terms of test result uncertainty. An expression for test result uncertainty is used to estimate uncertainty in in-place filter tests on an example air cleaning system. Modifications to the system test geometry are evaluated in terms of effects on test result uncertainty.

Scripsick, R.C.; Beckman, R.J.; Mokler, B.V.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

423

Alfvenic Turbulence in the Extended Solar Corona: Kinetic Effects and Proton Heating  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a model of magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) turbulence in the extended solar corona that contains the effects of collisionless dissipation and anisotropic particle heating. Measurements made by UVCS/SOHO have revived interest in the idea that ions are energized by the dissipation of ion cyclotron resonant waves, but such high-frequency (i.e., small wavelength) fluctuations have not been observed. A turbulent cascade is one possible way of generating small-scale fluctuations from a pre-existing population of low-frequency MHD waves. We model this cascade as a combination of advection and diffusion in wavenumber space. The dominant spectral transfer occurs in the direction perpendicular to the background magnetic field. As expected from earlier models, this leads to a highly anisotropic fluctuation spectrum with a rapidly decaying tail in parallel wavenumber. The wave power that decays to high enough frequencies to become ion cyclotron resonant depends on the relative strengths of advection and diffusion in the cascade. For the most realistic values of these parameters, though, there is insufficient power to heat protons and heavy ions. The dominant oblique fluctuations (with dispersion properties of kinetic Alfven waves) undergo Landau damping, which implies strong parallel electron heating. We discuss the probable nonlinear evolution of the electron velocity distributions into parallel beams and discrete phase-space holes (similar to those seen in the terrestrial magnetosphere) which can possibly heat protons via stochastic interactions.

S. R. Cranmer; A. A. van Ballegooijen

2003-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

424

A study of radiation damage effects on the magnetic structure of bulk Iron  

SciTech Connect

Defects, defect interactions, and defect dynamics in solids created by fast neutrons are known to have significant impact on the performance and lifetime of structural materials. A fundamental understanding of the radiation damage effects in solids is therefore of great importance in assisting the development of improved materials - materials with ultrahigh strength, toughness, and radiation resistance. In this presentation, we show our recent theoretical investigation on the magnetic structure evolution of bulk iron in the region of the radiation defects. We applied a linear scaling ab-initio method based on density functional theory with local spin density approximation, namely the locally self-consistent multiple scattering method (LSMS), to the study of magnetic moment distributions in a cascade at the damage peak and for a series of time steps as the interstitials and vacancies recombined. Atomic positions correspond to those in a low energy cascade in a 10|000 atom sample, in which the primary damage state and the evolution of all defects produced were simulated using molecular dynamics with empirical, embedded-atom inter-atomic potentials. We will discuss how a region of affected moments expands and then recedes in response to a cascade evolution.

Wang Yang [Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213 (United States); Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States); Nicholson, D. M. C.; Stocks, G. M.; Rusanu, Aurelian; Eisenbach, Markus; Stoller, R. E. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States)

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

A study of radiation damage effects on the magnetic structure of bulk Iron  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Defects, defect interactions, and defect dynamics in solids created by fast neutrons are known to have significant impact on the performance and lifetime of structural materials. A fundamental understanding of the radiation damage effects in solids is therefore of great importance in assisting the development of improved materials - materials with ultrahigh strength, toughness, and radiation resistance. In this presentation, we show our recent theoretical investigation on the magnetic structure evolution of bulk iron in the region of the radiation defects. We applied a linear scaling ab-initio method based on density functional theory with local spin density approximation, namely the locally self-consistent multiple scattering method (LSMS), to the study of magnetic moment distributions in a cascade at the damage peak and for a series of time steps as the interstitials and vacancies recombined. Atomic positions correspond to those in a low energy cascade in a 10|000 atom sample, in which the primary damage state and the evolution of all defects produced were simulated using molecular dynamics with empirical, embedded-atom inter-atomic potentials. We will discuss how a region of affected moments expands and then recedes in response to a cascade evolution. VC 2011 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3553937

Wang, Yang Nmn [ORNL; Nicholson, Don M [ORNL; Stocks, George Malcolm [ORNL; Rusanu, Aurelian [ORNL; Eisenbach, Markus [ORNL; Stoller, Roger E [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

A study of radiation damage effects on the magnetic structure of bulk Iron  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Defects, defect interactions, and defect dynamics in solids created by fast neutrons are known to have significant impact on the performance and lifetime of structural materials. A fundamental understanding of the radiation damage effects in solids is therefore of great importance in assisting the development of improved materials - materials with ultrahigh strength, toughness, and radiation resistance. In this presentation, we show our recent theoretical investigation on the magnetic structure evolution of bulk iron in the region of the radiation defects. We applied a linear scaling ab-initio method based on density functional theory with local spin density approximation, namely the locally self-consistent multiple scattering method (LSMS), to the study of magnetic moment distributions in a cascade at the damage peak and for a series of time steps as the interstitials and vacancies recombined. Atomic positions correspond to those in a low energy cascade in a 10|000 atom sample, in which the primary damage state and the evolution of all defects produced were simulated using molecular dynamics with empirical, embedded-atom inter-atomic potentials. We will discuss how a region of affected moments expands and then recedes in response to a cascade evolution.

Wang, Yang [Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center; Stocks, George Malcolm [ORNL; Stoller, Roger E [ORNL; Nicholson, Don M [ORNL; Rusanu, Aurelian [ORNL; Eisenbach, Markus [ORNL

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Review of Dynamic Recovery Effects on Ion Irradiation Damage in Ionic-Covalent Materials  

SciTech Connect

Single crystalline samples of highly ionic Ca2La8(SiO4)6O2 and covalent 6H–SiC have been irradiated with different ions/energies to study the effects of dose, temperature, damage-energy density, and in-cascade ionization rate on the dynamics of irradiation-induced amorphization. Above temperatures of 100–150 K, the dose for complete amorphization, D, increases with temperature in a single stage and exhibits a strong dependence on the ratio of in-cascade recovery to displacement cross sections, ?r/?d. A fit of a dynamic model for amorphization to these data indicates that irradiation-induced dynamicrecovery occurs with an activation energy of 0.15 ± 0.02 and 0.12 ± 0.01 eV for Ca2La8(SiO4)6O2 and 6H–SiC, respectively. Analysis of these data reveals that ionization processes are the dominant contributor to in-cascade recovery in Ca2La8(SiO4)6O2; while in 6H–SiC, ionization processes are less dominant.

Weber, William J.; Zhang, Yanwen; Wang, Lumin M.

2012-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

428

FEDERAL PROCUREMENT BALANCED SCORECARD ASSESSMENT RESULTS DEPARTMENTAL A VERAGES  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Customer Satisfaction: Customer Satisfaction: Timeliness Quality Effective Service Partnership: Extent of customer satisfaction with responsiveness, etc. Internal Business Perspective: Acquisition Excellence: Extent to which internal quality control systems are effective Most Effective Use of Contracting Approaches to Maximize Efficiency and Cost Effectiveness: Use of Electronic Commerce: % of orders issued electronically as % of total simplified actions Percent of synopses and associated solicitations posted on FEDBIZOPPS % score: % score: % score: % score: % score: % score: RESULTS: TARGET: FY FY FY FY 0 6 0 7 @ 0 9 @ - FY RESULTS: TARGET: FY FY FY FY F Y 0607@08@ - Percent of all new competitive acquisition transactions over 100K conducted through EC % score Perf. Based Service Contracts:

429

Photovoltaic mission analysis: some recent results  

SciTech Connect

Brief accounts of recent short investigations of three different aspects of the interface between photovoltaic solar energy conversion systems and the utility grid are presented. An account is given of some results of a recent investigation of the effect on photovoltaic system economics of the sale of excess photovoltaic electricity to the utility company. A recently developed economic dispatch model was used to study the changes that can be expected to take place in the dispatching of power from conventional plants in a utility system when a photovoltaic power plant is added to the generation mix. Also, a report is given on a set of structured interviews with high management personnel of eight different utility companies, located in various parts of the U.S. -- interviews in which utility attitudes toward photovoltaic power generation, in general, and toward utility-related photovoltaic experiments, in particular, were explored.

Bogen, A. H.; Leonard, S. L.; Siegel, B.

1977-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

430

Overview of the recent results from CLAS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An overview of the recent results obtained at the Thomas Jefferson Laboratory on the study of the nucleon internal structure is presented, with main focus on the CLAS measurements of the Transverse Momentum Dependent partonic functions. The JLab with its CEBAF accelerator and the three experimentals halls is a Laboratory dedicated to the study of the hadronic physics with electromagnetic probes in a large variety of aspects. The physics program extends from typical nuclear effects like long range correlations in nuclei to the study of the short distance vacuum structure in parity violating experiments. In recent years, a big part of the physics program was devoted to the study of the Transverse Momentum Dependent distribution functions, new functions introduced to describe the internal structure of the nucleon. Studies of TMDs at JLab and in other laboratories have shown sizeable effects due to transverse motion of the quarks inside the nucleon, but also have open questions. These questions need to be addressed in a new generation of experiments, poviding higher precisions experimental data, and with new analysis techniques, necessary to unfold fundamental properties from the measured obsevables.

Marco Mirazita

2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Preliminary results from an advanced lighting controlstestbed  

SciTech Connect

Preliminary results from a large-scale testbed of advanced lighting control technologies at the Phillip Burton Federal Building at 450 Golden Gate Ave. in San Francisco are presented. The first year objective of this project is to determine the sustainable energy savings and cost-effectiveness of different lighting control technologies compared to a portion of the building where only minimal controls are installed. The paper presents the analyzed results from six months of tests focused on accurately characterizing the energy savings potential of one type of daylight-linked lighting controls compared to the lighting in similar open-planned areas without dimming controls. After analyzing a half year;s data, we determined that the annual energy savings for this type of daylight- linked controls was 41% and 30% for the outer rows of lights on the South and North sides of the building, respectively. The annual energy savings dropped to 22% and 16% for the second row of lights for the South and North, respectively, and was negligible for the third rows of lights.

Avery, Douglas; Jennings, Judity; Rubinstein, Francis

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Climate VISION: Private Sector Initiatives: Cement - Results  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

State Programs Technical Information Plant Assessments Training Calendar Software Tools Energy Management Results Technology Pathways Cement - Results No measured results exist...

433

Climate VISION: Private Sector Initiatives: Mining: Results  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

State Programs Technical Information Plant Assessments Training Calendar Software Tools Energy Management Results Mining - Results No measured results exist at this time in terms...

434

Matrix Metalloproteinase Stromelysin-1 Triggers a Cascade of Molecular Alterations that leads to stable epithelial-to-Mesenchymal Conversion and a Premalignant Phenotype in Mammary Epithelial Cells  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

FIGURE 1 Effects of SL-1 on cell scattering, lactogenicgood candidates for mediating SL-1 effects, because laminin-that KGF is upregulated after SL-1 induction. KGF belongs to

Lochter, A.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Final Technical Report: Results of Phase 1  

SciTech Connect

Arizona Public Service Company (APS) expects that by 2027, renewable energy will account for 6,590 GWh in energy consumption by its customers. While much of this future energy will come from large centrally-located power plants, distributed renewable energy, sited at the point of end-use will also play an important role in meeting the needs of APS� customers and is expected to provide 1,734 GWh. With increasing penetration of residential and commercial photovoltaic (PV) systems at the point of end-use, PV power generation not only offsets the load, but could also cause significant shifts in power flow patterns through the distribution system, and could possibly cause reversal of flow through some branches of a distribution circuit. Significant changes to power flow introduced into existing distribution systems due to the increased amount of PV systems may cause operational issues, including over-voltage on the distribution feeder (loss of voltage regulation) and incorrect operation of control equipment, which may lead to an increase in the number of operations and related equipment wear that could affect equipment reliability and customer power quality. Additionally, connecting generation resources to a distribution feeder can introduce additional sources of short-circuit current to the distribution system. This could potentially result in increased short-circuit currents, potentially reaching damaging levels, causing protection desensitization and a potential loss of protection coordination. These effects may be further compounded by variability of PV production due to shading by clouds. The effects of these phenomena in distributed PV applications are not well understood, and there is a great need to characterize this variability. This project will contribute to understanding the effects of high-penetration solar electricity on the design and operation of distribution systems by demonstrating how a high penetration of PV systems affects grid operations of a working, utility distribution feeder. To address the technical challenges related to the integration of distributed PV when PV penetration levels reach or exceed 30% of the total load, technologies and methods to ensure the stable and safe operation of the feeder will be evaluated. Lessons learned will enable APS to improve the framework for future PV integration on its system and may also aid other utilities across the United States energy sector in accelerating the adoption of distributed photovoltaic generation.

Narang, David, J.; Hambrick, Joshua; Srinivasan, Devarajan; Ayyannar, Raja; O'Brien, Kathleen

2011-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

436

Final Technical Report: Results of Phase 1  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Arizona Public Service Company (APS) expects that by 2027, renewable energy will account for 6,590 GWh in energy consumption by its customers. While much of this future energy will come from large centrally-located power plants, distributed renewable energy, sited at the point of end-use will also play an important role in meeting the needs of APS customers and is expected to provide 1,734 GWh. With increasing penetration of residential and commercial photovoltaic (PV) systems at the point of end-use, PV power generation not only offsets the load, but could also cause significant shifts in power flow patterns through the distribution system, and could possibly cause reversal of flow through some branches of a distribution circuit. Significant changes to power flow introduced into existing distribution systems due to the increased amount of PV systems may cause operational issues, including over-voltage on the distribution feeder (loss of voltage regulation) and incorrect operation of control equipment, which may lead to an increase in the number of operations and related equipment wear that could affect equipment reliability and customer power quality. Additionally, connecting generation resources to a distribution feeder can introduce additional sources of short-circuit current to the distribution system. This could potentially result in increased short-circuit currents, potentially reaching damaging levels, causing protection desensitization and a potential loss of protection coordination. These effects may be further compounded by variability of PV production due to shading by clouds. The effects of these phenomena in distributed PV applications are not well understood, and there is a great need to characterize this variability. This project will contribute to understanding the effects of high-penetration solar electricity on the design and operation of distribution systems by demonstrating how a high penetration of PV systems affects grid operations of a working, utility distribution feeder. To address the technical challenges related to the integration of distributed PV when PV penetration levels reach or exceed 30% of the total load, technologies and methods to ensure the stable and safe operation of the feeder will be evaluated. Lessons learned will enable APS to improve the framework for future PV integration on its system and may also aid other utilities across the United States energy sector in accelerating the adoption of distributed photovoltaic generation.

Narang, David, J.; Hambrick, Joshua; Srinivasan, Devarajan; Ayyannar, Raja; O'Brien, Kathleen; Bebic, Jovan; Schelenz, Owen

2011-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

437

Innovative nuclear fuels: results and strategy  

SciTech Connect

To facilitate the discovery and design of innovative nuclear fuels, multi-scale models and simulations are used to predict irradiation effects on the thermal conductivity, oxygen diffusivity, and thermal expansion of oxide fuels. The multi-scale approach is illustrated using results on ceramic fuels with a focus on predictions of point defect concentrations, stoichiometry, and phase stability. The high performance computer simulations include coupled heat transport, diffusion, and thermal expansion, gas bubble formation and temperature evolution in a fuel element consisting of UO2 fuel and metallic cladding. The second part of the talk is dedicated to a discussion of an international strategy for developing advanced, innovative nuclear fuels. Four initiative are proposed to accelerate the discovery and design of new materials: (a) Develop an international pool of experts, (b) Create Institutes for Materials Discovery and Design, (c) Create an International Knowledge base for experimental data, models (mathematical expressions), and simulations (codes) and (d) Organize international workshops and conference sessions. The paper ends with a discussion of existing and emerging international collaborations.

Stan, Marius [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Potential hydrologic effects of developing coal and other geoenergy resources in Oregon: a review  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Geoenergy resources in Oregon, in addition to coal, include noncommercial deposits of oil shale, natural gas, and geothermal heat. Commercial quantities of natural gas were discovered at Mist in northwestern Oregon in 1979. Gas presently is being produced from five wells and additional exploratory drilling is underway. More than 2 million acres of Oregon land is under lease for petroleum and natural gas exploration, mostly in the Astoria embayment-Willamette syncline, central (Oregon) Paleozoic-Mesozoic basin, and eastern Tertiary nonmarine basin. The Cascade Range and eastern Oregon contain sizable resources of geothermal heat, of which a small part has been developed for space heating at Klamath Falls and Lakeview. Thirteen Known Geothermal Resource Areas (KGRA's) comprising 432,000 acres have been identified, 422,000 acres are currently leased for geothermal development. KGRA's judged to have potential for generation of electrical power are Newberry Crater, Crump Geyser, and Alvord Desert. No adverse hydrologic effects have been noted to date from coal or other geoenergy exploration or development in Oregon, and no effects are expected if federal and state regulations are adhered to. The southwestern Oregon coals would have to be mined by underground methods. Potential hydrologic impacts would be local increases in sedimentation, turbidity, and mineralization of surface and ground water. Water-quality degradation, including both thermal pollution and increased concentrations of dissolved minerals, could result from geothermal development. Other potential problems include land subsidence and consumptive use of water associated with both coal and geothermal development. 53 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab.

Sidle, W.C.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Heat release effects on decaying homogeneous compressible turbulence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

High Mach-number compressible flows with heat release are inherently more complicated than incompressible flows due to, among other reasons, the activation of the thermal energy mode. Such flow fields can experience significant fluctuations in density, temperature, viscosity, conductivity and specific heat, which affect velocity and pressure fluctuations. Furthermore, the flow field cannot be assumed to be dilatation-free in high Mach numbers and even in low Mach-number flows involving combustion, or in boundary layers on heated walls. The main issue in these high-speed and highly-compressible flows is the effect of thermal gradients and fluctuations on turbulence. The thermal field has various routes through which it affects flow structures of compressible turbulence. First, it has direct influence through pressure, which affects turbulence via pressure-strain correlation. The indirect effects of thermal fields on compressible turbulence are through the changes in flow properties. The high temperature gradients alter the transport coefficient and compressibility of the flow. The objective of this work is to answer the following questions: How do temperature fluctuations change the compressible flow structure and energetics? How does compressibility in the flow affect the non-linear pressure redistribution process? What is the main effect of spatial transport-coefficient variation? We perform direct numerical simulations (DNS) to answer the above questions. The investigations are categorized into four parts: 1) Turbulent energy cascade and kinetic-internal energy interactions under the influence of temperature fluctuations; 2) Return-to-isotropy of anisotropic turbulence under the influence of large temperature fluctuations; 3) The effect of turbulent Mach number and dilatation level on small-scale (velocity-gradient) dynamics; 4) The effect of variable transport-coefficients (viscosity and diffusivity) on cascade and dissipation processes of turbulence. The findings lead to a better understanding of temperature fluctuation effects on non-linear processes in compressible turbulence. This improved understanding is expected to provide direction for improving second-order closure models of compressible turbulence.

Lee, Kurn Chul

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

COLD TEST LOOP INTEGRATED TEST LOOP RESULTS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A testing facility (Cold Test Loop) was constructed and operated to demonstrate the efficacy of the Accelerated Waste Retrieval (AWR) Project's planned sluicing approach to the remediation of Silos 1 and 2 at the Fernald Environmental Management Project near Cincinnati, Ohio. The two silos contain almost 10,000 tons of radium-bearing low-level waste, which consists primarily of solids of raffinates from processing performed on ores from the Democratic Republic of Congo (commonly referred to as ''Belgium Congo ores'') for the recovery of uranium. These silos are 80 ft in diameter, 36 ft high to the center of the dome, and 26.75 ft to the top of the vertical side walls. The test facility contained two test systems, each designed for a specific purpose. The first system, the Integrated Test Loop (ITL), a near-full-scale plant including the actual equipment to be installed at the Fernald Site, was designed to demonstrate the sluicing operation and confirm the selection of a slurry pump, the optimal sluicing nozzle operation, and the preliminary design material balance. The second system, the Component Test Loop (CTL), was designed to evaluate many of the key individual components of the waste retrieval system over an extended run. The major results of the initial testing performed during July and August 2002 confirmed that the AWR approach to sluicing was feasible. The ITL testing confirmed the following: (1) The selected slurry pump (Hazleton 3-20 type SHW) performed well and is suitable for AWR application. However, the pump's motor should be upgraded to a 200-hp model and be driven by a 150-hp variable-frequency drive (VFD). A 200-hp VFD is not much more expensive and would allow the pump to operate at full speed. (2) The best nozzle performance was achieved by using 15/16-in. nozzles operated alternately. This configuration appeared to most effectively mine the surrogate. (3) The Solartron densitometer, which was tested as an alternative mass flow measurement device, did not operate effectively. Consequently, it is not suitable for application to the AWR process. (4) Initially, the spray ring (operated at approximately 2300 psi) and the nozzles provided by the pump vendor did not perform acceptably. The nozzles were replaced with a more robust model, and the performance was then acceptable. (5) The average solids concentration achieved in the slurry before Bentogrout addition was approximately 16% by weight. The solids concentration of the slurry after Bentogrout addition ranged from 26% to approximately 40%. The slurry pump and ITL system performed well at every concentration. No line plugging or other problems were noted. The results of the CTL runs and later ITL testing are summarized in an appendix to this report.

Abraham, TJ

2003-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "resulting cascading effect" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

FEDERAL PROCUREMENT BALANCED SCORECARD ASSESSMENT RESULTS DEPARTMENTAL A VERAGES  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

RESULTS: TARGET: RESULTS: TARGET: Customer Satisfaction: FY FY FY FY 0 5 0 6 ~ 0 8 g - Timeliness % score: N/A 88 FY Quality % score: N/A 93 Effective Service Partnership: Internal Business Perspective: Extent of customer satisfaction with responsiveness, etc. % score: N/A 93 N/A 87 Acquisition Excellence: I 92 Most Effective Use of Contracting Approaches to Maximize Efficiency and Cost Effectiveness: Extent to which internal quality control systems are effective % score: 88 88 86 87 Use of Electronic Commerce: I 88 % of orders issued electronically as % of total simplified actions % score: 63 69 70 72 64 Percent of synopses and associated solicitations posted on FEDBIZOPPS % score: 100 100 100 100 100 Percent of all new competitive acquisition transactions over 100K conducted through EC % score

442

Neutronic Aspects and Recent Experimental Results with ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Neutronic Aspects and Recent Experimental Results with Methane Moderators at IUCF Low Energy Neutron Source (LENS). ...

443

Summary of Emergency Management Results from Pilot Evaluations | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Summary of Emergency Management Results from Pilot Evaluations Summary of Emergency Management Results from Pilot Evaluations Summary of Emergency Management Results from Pilot Evaluations September 19th, 2012 Presenter: David Freshwater, Emergency Management Specialist, Office of Emergency Management, National Nuclear Security Administration Topics covered: Confirm that Critical Safety Function scenarios were addressed in HS/EPHA Determine whether site/facility had robust capabilities that allow flexible and effective emergency response to severe events Engage site/facility personnel regarding preferences for requirements/guidance changes where alternate courses of action existed Summary of Emergency Management Results from Pilot Evaluations More Documents & Publications Emergency Management Concepts, Existing Guidance, and Changes

444

Engineering Glass Passivation Layers -Model Results  

SciTech Connect

The immobilization of radioactive waste into glass waste forms is a baseline process of nuclear waste management not only in the United States, but worldwide. The rate of radionuclide release from these glasses is a critical measure of the quality of the waste form. Over long-term tests and using extrapolations of ancient analogues, it has been shown that well designed glasses exhibit a dissolution rate that quickly decreases to a slow residual rate for the lifetime of the glass. The mechanistic cause of this decreased corrosion rate is a subject of debate, with one of the major theories suggesting that the decrease is caused by the formation of corrosion products in such a manner as to present a diffusion barrier on the surface of the glass. Although there is much evidence of this type of mechanism, there has been no attempt to engineer the effect to maximize the passivating qualities of the corrosion products. This study represents the first attempt to engineer the creation of passivating phases on the surface of glasses. Our approach utilizes interactions between the dissolving glass and elements from the disposal environment to create impermeable capping layers. By drawing from other corrosion studies in areas where passivation layers have been successfully engineered to protect the bulk material, we present here a report on mineral phases that are likely have a morphological tendency to encrust the surface of the glass. Our modeling has focused on using the AFCI glass system in a carbonate, sulfate, and phosphate rich environment. We evaluate the minerals predicted to form to determine the likelihood of the formation of a protective layer on the surface of the glass. We have also modeled individual ions in solutions vs. pH and the addition of aluminum and silicon. These results allow us to understand the pH and ion concentration dependence of mineral formation. We have determined that iron minerals are likely to form a complete incrustation layer and we plan to look more closely at Vivianite [Fe3(PO4)2-8(H2O)] and Siderite [FeCO3] in the next stage of the project.

Skorski, Daniel C.; Ryan, Joseph V.; Strachan, Denis M.; Lepry, William C.

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

445

The 1981 ocean tomography experiment: Preliminary results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Preliminary results from a 1981 test ocean acoustic tomography experiment are presented. The system deployed in the southern North Atlantic

The Ocean Tomography Group; R. C. Spindel

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Results of Baldrige Winners' Common Stock Comparison ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Results of Baldrige Winners' Common Stock Comparison Third NIST Stock Investment Study February 1997 Methodology: A hypothetical sum was ...

2013-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

447

Threshold results for semilinear parabolic systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A threshold result was proved in this paper for semilinear parabolic system with pure power type nonlinearities

Xie, Qiuyi Dai Haiyang He Junhui

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Results from Combined NMR and Electrochemical Impedance ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, Oxygen-vacancy Transport in Heavily Doped Cubic Zirconia: Results from Combined NMR and Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopies.

449

Applying DSM evaluation results to utility planning  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the results of a study to assess the application of DSM evaluation results to utility forecasting and planning. The paper has three objectives: (1) identify forecasting and planning applications of evaluation studies, (2) identify major obstacles and problems associated with applying evaluation results to forecasting and planning, and (3) suggest approaches to address the major problems. The paper summarizes results from interviews with utilities, regulators, and consultants to determine how the utility industry currently applies evaluation results in forecasting and planning. The paper also includes results from a detailed case study of Sacramento Municipal Utility District (SMUD) and Southern California Edison Company (SCE), two utilities with large DSM programs and active evaluation efforts.

Baxter, L.W.

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

New results on jet fragmentation at CDF  

SciTech Connect

Presented are the latest results of jet fragmentation studies at the Tevatron using the CDF Run II detector. Studies include the distribution of transverse momenta (Kt) of particles jets, two-particle momentum correlations, and indirectly global event shapes in p{bar p} collisions. Results are discussed within the context of recent Next-to-Leading Log calculations as well as earlier experimental results from the Tevatron and e{sup +}e{sup -} colliders.

Jindariani, Sergo; /Florida U.

2006-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Climate VISION: Private Sector Initiatives: Magnesium: Results  

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

plans, the International Magnesium Association and the federal government will begin tracking progress. The results will be measured by metrics developed by the industry, in...

452

result formats | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

result formats Home Jweers's picture Submitted by Jweers(83) Contributor 16 May, 2013 - 14:22 Multicolor Maps from Compound Queries ask queries compound queries developer Google...

453

DOE Solar Decathlon: 2005 Final Results  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Dwelling contests winner Solar Decathlon 2005 Final Results The overall winners of the Solar Decathlon and the winners of the ten contests are listed here. For more information...

454

Acceptance sampling methods for sample results verification  

SciTech Connect

This report proposes a statistical sampling method for use during the sample results verification portion of the validation of data packages. In particular, this method was derived specifically for the validation of data packages for metals target analyte analysis performed under United States Environmental Protection Agency Contract Laboratory Program protocols, where sample results verification can be quite time consuming. The purpose of such a statistical method is to provide options in addition to the ``all or nothing`` options that currently exist for sample results verification. The proposed method allows the amount of data validated during the sample results verification process to be based on a balance between risks and the cost of inspection.

Jesse, C.A.

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Innovation Impact: Breakthrough Research Results (Brochure)  

SciTech Connect

The Innovation Impact brochure captures key breakthrough results across NREL's primary areas of renewable energy and energy efficiency research: solar, wind, bioenergy, transportation, buildings, analysis, and manufacturing technologies.

Not Available

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Fuel Cell Bus Evaluation Results (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Presentation on the results from the DOE fuel cell bus evaluation given at the Transportation Research Board's 87th annual meeting, January 14, 2008.

Eudy, L.

2008-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

457

final results 2011_turkey.pptx  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

FINAL RESULTS RESCUE ROBOT LEAGUE 1ST iRAP_JUDY (Thailand) 835 25 2ND MRL (Iran) 430 13 3RD STABILIZE (Thailand) 405 11 ...

2011-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

458

Information Solutions: Improving Search Results - Meta Tags  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Improving Search Results - Meta Tags Definition and Usage Metadata is data (information) about data. The tag provides metadata about the HTML document. Metadata will not be...

459

Regional Policy DSS: Result Indicators Definition Problems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper addresses the issue of public decision support in regional economic development, being more particularly concerned with result indicators definition. The decisions taken within such a framework necessarily are cooperative in nature and involve ... Keywords: Group Decision-Making, Ontologies, Polydoxies, Public Decision Support Systems, Result Indicators

Maryse Salles

2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

Magneto-optical Signatures of a Cascade of Transitions in La 1.875Ba 0.125CuO 4  

SciTech Connect

Recent experiments on the original cuprate high temperature superconductor, La{sub 2-x}Ba{sub x}CuO{sub 4}, revealed a remarkable sequence of phase transitions. Here we investigate such crystals with polar Kerr effect which is sensitive to time-reversal-symmetry breaking. Concurrent birefringence measurements accurately locate the structural phase transitions from high-temperature tetragonal to low temperature orthorhombic, and then to lower temperature tetragonal, at which temperature a strong Kerr signal onsets. Hysteretic behavior of the Kerr signal suggests that time-reversal symmetry is already broken well above room temperature, an effect that was previously observed in high quality YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 6+x} crystals.

Karapetyan, Hovnatan; Hucker, M.; Gu, G.D.; Tranquada, J.M.; Fejer, M.M.; Xia, Jing; Kapitulnik, A.

2012-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

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461

The effect of hydropower on fish stocks: comparison between ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

reservoirs. Maximum biomass and density of fish were observed in the tributary area of the non- cascade reservoir. The biomass declined towards the dam area.

462

Results and Frontiers in Lattice Baryon Spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect

The Lattice Hadron Physics Collaboration (LHPC) baryon spectroscopy effort is reviewed. To date the LHPC has performed exploratory Lattice QCD calculations of the low-lying spectrum of Nucleon and Delta baryons. These calculations demonstrate the effectiveness of our method by obtaining the masses of an unprecedented number of excited states with definite quantum numbers. Future work of the project is outlined.

Bulava, John; Morningstar, Colin [Department of Physics, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 (United States); Edwards, Robert; Richards, David [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA 23606 (United States); Fleming, George [Yale University New Haven, CT 06520 (United States); Juge, K. Jimmy [Department of Physics, University of the Pacific, Stockton, CA 95211 (United States); Lichtl, Adam C. [RBRC, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY 11973 (United States); Mathur, Nilmani [Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai 40005 (India); Wallace, Stephen J. [University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742 (United States)

2007-10-26T23:59:59.000Z

463

Reconciling the CAST and PVLAS Results  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The PVLAS experiment has recently claimed evidence for an axion-like particle in the milli-electron-Volt mass range with a coupling to two photons that appears to be in contradiction with the negative result