Sample records for resilience framework cdkn-caricom-a

  1. CDKN-CARICOM-A Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Regional...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    CARICOM-A Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Regional Climate Change Resilience Framework Jump to: navigation, search Name CDKN-CARICOM-A Regional Implementation Plan for...

  2. CDKN-CARICOM-A Regional Implementation Plan for CARICOM's Regional

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual Siteof EnergyInnovation inOpen Energy Information BurkinaButyl FuelCCCT Solar Jump

  3. Conceptual Framework for Developing Resilience Metrics for the...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Conceptual Framework for Developing Resilience Metrics for the Electricity, Oil, and Gas Sectors in the United States (September 2014) Conceptual Framework for Developing...

  4. Transportation System Readiness and Resiliency Assessment Framework: Readiness and Assess Resiliency of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Transportation System Readiness and Resiliency Assessment Framework: Readiness and Assess Resiliency of Transportation Systems (Infrastructure, Systems, Organization and Services) to Deter, Detect Flows Passenger Flows Supply Chain Efficiency Transportation: Energy Environment Safety Security Vehicle

  5. Systems resilience : a new analytical framework for nuclear nonproliferation.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pregenzer, Arian Leigh

    2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper introduces the concept of systems resilience as a new framework for thinking about the future of nonproliferation. Resilience refers to the ability of a system to maintain its vital functions in the face of continuous and unpredictable change. The nonproliferation regime can be viewed as a complex system, and key themes from the literature on systems resilience can be applied to the nonproliferation system. Most existing nonproliferation strategies are aimed at stability rather than resilience, and the current nonproliferation system may be over-constrained by the cumulative evolution of strategies, increasing its vulnerability to collapse. The resilience of the nonproliferation system can be enhanced by diversifying nonproliferation strategies to include general international capabilities to respond to proliferation and focusing more attention on reducing the motivation to acquire nuclear weapons in the first place. Ideas for future research, include understanding unintended consequences and feedbacks among nonproliferation strategies, developing methodologies for measuring the resilience of the nonproliferation system, and accounting for interactions of the nonproliferation system with other systems on larger and smaller scales.

  6. An Energy-Aware Fault Tolerant Scheduling Framework for Soft Error Resilient Cloud Computing Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pedram, Massoud

    . INTRODUCTION Soft error resiliency has become a major concern for modern computing systems as CMOS technology systems [8, 9]. Although it is impossible to entirely eliminate spontaneous soft errors, they canAn Energy-Aware Fault Tolerant Scheduling Framework for Soft Error Resilient Cloud Computing

  7. A resilience assessment framework for infrastructure and economic systems : quantitative and qualitative resilience analysis of petrochemical supply chains to a hurricane.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ehlen, Mark Andrew; Vugrin, Eric D.; Warren, Drake E.

    2010-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In recent years, the nation has recognized that critical infrastructure protection should consider not only the prevention of disruptive events, but also the processes that infrastructure systems undergo to maintain functionality following disruptions. This more comprehensive approach has been termed critical infrastructure resilience (CIR). Given the occurrence of a particular disruptive event, the resilience of a system to that event is the system's ability to efficiently reduce both the magnitude and duration of the deviation from targeted system performance levels. Sandia National Laboratories (Sandia) has developed a comprehensive resilience assessment framework for evaluating the resilience of infrastructure and economic systems. The framework includes a quantitative methodology that measures resilience costs that result from a disruption to infrastructure function. The framework also includes a qualitative analysis methodology that assesses system characteristics that affect resilience in order to provide insight and direction for potential improvements to resilience. This paper describes the resilience assessment framework. This paper further demonstrates the utility of the assessment framework through application to a hypothetical scenario involving the disruption of a petrochemical supply chain by a hurricane.

  8. A Mathematical Framework for the Analysis of Cyber-Resilient Control Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Melin, Alexander M [ORNL; Ferragut, Erik M [ORNL; Laska, Jason A [ORNL; Fugate, David L [ORNL; Kisner, Roger [ORNL

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The increasingly recognized vulnerability of industrial control systems to cyber-attacks has inspired a considerable amount of research into techniques for cyber-resilient control systems. The majority of this effort involves the application of well known information security (IT) techniques to control system networks. While these efforts are important to protect the control systems that operate critical infrastructure, they are never perfectly effective. Little research has focused on the design of closed-loop dynamics that are resilient to cyber-attack. The majority of control system protection measures are concerned with how to prevent unauthorized access and protect data integrity. We believe that the ability to analyze how an attacker can effect the closed loop dynamics of a control system configuration once they have access is just as important to the overall security of a control system. To begin to analyze this problem, consistent mathematical definitions of concepts within resilient control need to be established so that a mathematical analysis of the vulnerabilities and resiliencies of a particular control system design methodology and configuration can be made. In this paper, we propose rigorous definitions for state awareness, operational normalcy, and resiliency as they relate to control systems. We will also discuss some mathematical consequences that arise from the proposed definitions. The goal is to begin to develop a mathematical framework and testable conditions for resiliency that can be used to build a sound theoretical foundation for resilient control research.

  9. Conceptual Framework for Developing Resilience Metrics for the Electricity, Oil, and Gas Sectors in the United States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Watson, Jean-Paul; Guttromson, Ross; Silva-Monroy, Cesar; Jeffers, Robert; Jones, Katherine; Ellison, James; Rath, Charles; Gearhart, Jared; Jones, Dean; Corbet, Tom; Hanley, Charles; Walker, La Tonya

    2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report has been written for the Department of Energy’s Energy Policy and Systems Analysis Office to inform their writing of the Quadrennial Energy Review in the area of energy resilience. The topics of measuring and increasing energy resilience are addressed, including definitions, means of measuring, and analytic methodologies that can be used to make decisions for policy, infrastructure planning, and operations. A risk-based framework is presented which provides a standard definition of a resilience metric. Additionally, a process is identified which explains how the metrics can be applied. Research and development is articulated that will further accelerate the resilience of energy infrastructures.

  10. Resilience: Theory and Application.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Carlson, J.L.; Haffenden, R.A.; Bassett, G.W.; Buehring, W.A.; Collins, M.J., III; Folga, S.M.; Petit, F.D.; Phillips, J.A.; Verner, D.R.; Whitfield, R.G. (Decision and Information Sciences)

    2012-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

    There is strong agreement among policymakers, practitioners, and academic researchers that the concept of resilience must play a major role in assessing the extent to which various entities - critical infrastructure owners and operators, communities, regions, and the Nation - are prepared to respond to and recover from the full range of threats they face. Despite this agreement, consensus regarding important issues, such as how resilience should be defined, assessed, and measured, is lacking. The analysis presented here is part of a broader research effort to develop and implement assessments of resilience at the asset/facility and community/regional levels. The literature contains various definitions of resilience. Some studies have defined resilience as the ability of an entity to recover, or 'bounce back,' from the adverse effects of a natural or manmade threat. Such a definition assumes that actions taken prior to the occurrence of an adverse event - actions typically associated with resistance and anticipation - are not properly included as determinants of resilience. Other analyses, in contrast, include one or more of these actions in their definitions. To accommodate these different definitions, we recognize a subset of resistance- and anticipation-related actions that are taken based on the assumption that an adverse event is going to occur. Such actions are in the domain of resilience because they reduce both the immediate and longer-term adverse consequences that result from an adverse event. Recognizing resistance- and anticipation-related actions that take the adverse event as a given accommodates the set of resilience-related actions in a clear-cut manner. With these considerations in mind, resilience can be defined as: 'the ability of an entity - e.g., asset, organization, community, region - to anticipate, resist, absorb, respond to, adapt to, and recover from a disturbance.' Because critical infrastructure resilience is important both in its own right and because of its implications for community/regional resilience, it is especially important to develop a sound methodology for assessing resilience at the asset/facility level. This objective will be accomplished by collecting data on four broadly defined groups of resilience-enhancing measures: preparedness, mitigation measures, response capabilities, and recovery mechanisms. Table ES-1 illustrates how the six components that define resilience are connected to the actions that enhance the capacity of an entity to be resilient. The relationships illustrated in Table ES-1 provide the framework for developing a survey instrument that will be used to elicit the information required to assess resilience at the asset/facility level. The resilience of a community/region is a function of the resilience of its subsystems, including its critical infrastructures, economy, civil society, governance (including emergency services), and supply chains/dependencies. The number and complexity of these subsystems will make the measurement of resilience more challenging as we move from individual assets/facilities to the community/regional level (where critical infrastructure resilience is only one component). Specific challenges include uncertainty about relationships (e.g., the composition of specific supply chains), data gaps, and time and budget constraints that prevent collection of all of the information needed to construct a comprehensive assessment of the resilience of a specific community or region. These challenges can be addressed, at least partially, by adopting a 'systems approach' to the assessment of resilience. In a systems approach, the extent to which the analysis addresses the resilience of the individual subsystems can vary. Specifically, high-level systems analysis can be used to identify the most important lower-level systems. In turn, within the most important lower-level systems, site assessment data should be collected only on the most critical asset-level components about which the least is known. Implementation of the strategies outlined here to as

  11. Metrics for Energy Resilience

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Paul E. Roege; Zachary A. Collier; James Mancillas; John A. McDonagh; Igor Linkov

    2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy lies at the backbone of any advanced society and constitutes an essential prerequisite for economic growth, social order and national defense. However there is an Achilles heel to today?s energy and technology relationship; namely a precarious intimacy between energy and the fiscal, social, and technical systems it supports. Recently, widespread and persistent disruptions in energy systems have highlighted the extent of this dependence and the vulnerability of increasingly optimized systems to changing conditions. Resilience is an emerging concept that offers to reconcile considerations of performance under dynamic environments and across multiple time frames by supplementing traditionally static system performance measures to consider behaviors under changing conditions and complex interactions among physical, information and human domains. This paper identifies metrics useful to implement guidance for energy-related planning, design, investment, and operation. Recommendations are presented using a matrix format to provide a structured and comprehensive framework of metrics relevant to a system?s energy resilience. The study synthesizes previously proposed metrics and emergent resilience literature to provide a multi-dimensional model intended for use by leaders and practitioners as they transform our energy posture from one of stasis and reaction to one that is proactive and which fosters sustainable growth.

  12. Sandia Energy - Resilient Electric Infrastructures

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Resilient Electric Infrastructures Home Stationary Power Grid Modernization Resilient Electric Infrastructures Resilient Electric Infrastructuresashoter2015-04-29T22:16:42+00:00...

  13. Climate Preparedness and Resilience

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Howat, Ian M.

    Resilience · Franklin County Building Retrofit - $27 million yields $55 million return on investment. 3/Franklin County has the largestlocal governmentsolar installation in Ohio City of Columbus Fleet Management solar installation Franklin County Courthouse solar array Sustainability = Economic Resilience Sustainability

  14. Microsoft Word - QER Resilience Metrics - Technical Workshp ...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    resiliency metrics for the energy sector and use cases o The framing of a resilience roadmap, and the implication and consequences of introducing new energy resilience metrics...

  15. Coordinating Energy Efficiency with Other Disaster Resiliency...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Coordinating Energy Efficiency with Other Disaster Resiliency Services Coordinating Energy Efficiency with Other Disaster Resiliency Services Better Buildings Residential Network...

  16. capabilities Disaster Resiliency and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and infrastructure resiliency Energy information and education Policy, financing, and partnership development Broad and sustainable energy systems and facilities. Economic Recovery Through partnerships with local stakeholders The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is the nation's leader in energy efficient and renewable energy

  17. Technical Workshop: Resilience Metrics for Energy Transmission...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    of and need for resilience metrics and how they vary by natural gas, liquid fuels and electric grid infrastructures. Issues important to resilience metrics were identified and...

  18. Smart Grid Investments Improve Grid Reliability, Resilience,...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Investments Improve Grid Reliability, Resilience, and Storm Responses (November 2014) Smart Grid Investments Improve Grid Reliability, Resilience, and Storm Responses (November...

  19. City ecosystem resilience analysis in case of disasters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Asprone, D; Latora, V; Manfredi, G; Nicosia, V

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the tasks of urban and hazard planning is to mitigate the damages and minimize the costs of the recovery process after catastrophic events. The rapidity and the efficiency of the recovery process are referred to as resilience. A mathematical definition of the resilience of an urban community has not yet identified. In this paper we propose and test a methodology for the assessment of urban resilience a catastrophic event. The idea is to merge the concepts of the engineering resilience and the ecosystem resilience. As first step we suggest a way to model an urban community inside the framework of complex network theory. Hence, to model the city as a whole, we identify hybrid networks, composed by human elements, i.e. the citizens, and physical networks, i.e. urban lifelines and infrastructures. As second step, we define and evaluate a class of efficiency indexes on the hybrid networks. By modelling the disasters of the physical components and the subsequent recovery process, and by measuring the efficie...

  20. On Undecidability Aspects of Resilient Computations and Implications to Exascale

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rao, Nageswara S [ORNL

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Future Exascale computing systems with a large number of processors, memory elements and interconnection links, are expected to experience multiple, complex faults, which affect both applications and operating-runtime systems. A variety of algorithms, frameworks and tools are being proposed to realize and/or verify the resilience properties of computations that guarantee correct results on failure-prone computing systems. We analytically show that certain resilient computation problems in presence of general classes of faults are undecidable, that is, no algorithms exist for solving them. We first show that the membership verification in a generic set of resilient computations is undecidable. We describe classes of faults that can create infinite loops or non-halting computations, whose detection in general is undecidable. We then show certain resilient computation problems to be undecidable by using reductions from the loop detection and halting problems under two formulations, namely, an abstract programming language and Turing machines, respectively. These two reductions highlight different failure effects: the former represents program and data corruption, and the latter illustrates incorrect program execution. These results call for broad-based, well-characterized resilience approaches that complement purely computational solutions using methods such as hardware monitors, co-designs, and system- and application-specific diagnosis codes.

  1. National Disaster Resilience Competition Webinar

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Communities recovering from natural disasters have an important choice: rebuild damaged areas as they were, or put investments and policy changes in place that help them to be more resilient to...

  2. Resilience Markers for Safer Systems and Organisations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blandford, Ann

    these markers may provide useful performance indicators, and allow the resilient characteristics of a system. If computer systems are to be designed to foster resilient performance it is important to be able to identify at an organisational level within the nuclear domain. This highlights some of the challenges facing the Resilience

  3. PREVENTING ABSENTEEISM AND PROMOTING RESILIENCE AMONG HEALTH CARE WORKERS IN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PREVENTING ABSENTEEISM AND PROMOTING RESILIENCE AMONG HEALTH CARE WORKERS IN BIOLOGICAL Preventing Absenteeism and Promoting Resilience among Health Care Workers in Biological Emergencies A and Promoting Resilience among Health Care Workers in Biological Emergencies A. Lesperance J. Miller1 1

  4. Bridging Resilience Engineering and Human Reliability Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ronald L. Boring

    2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    There has been strong interest in the new and emerging field called resilience engineering. This field has been quick to align itself with many existing safety disciplines, but it has also distanced itself from the field of human reliability analysis. To date, the discussion has been somewhat one-sided, with much discussion about the new insights afforded by resilience engineering. This paper presents an attempt to address resilience engineering from the perspective of human reliability analysis (HRA). It is argued that HRA shares much in common with resilience engineering and that, in fact, it can help strengthen nascent ideas in resilience engineering. This paper seeks to clarify and ultimately refute the arguments that have served to divide HRA and resilience engineering.

  5. Sandia National Laboratories: energy resilient smart grid

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    resilient smart grid Hoboken Hopes To Reduce Power Outages With New 'Smart Grid' System On June 20, 2013, in Energy, Energy Assurance, Energy Storage, Energy Storage Systems,...

  6. April 7 Webinar on OE's Resilient Electricity Delivery Infrastructure...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    April 7 Webinar on OE's Resilient Electricity Delivery Infrastructure Initiative FOA April 7 Webinar on OE's Resilient Electricity Delivery Infrastructure Initiative FOA March 23,...

  7. Improving the Reliability and Resiliency of the US Electric Grid...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Improving the Reliability and Resiliency of the US Electric Grid: SGIG Article in Metering International, March 2012 Improving the Reliability and Resiliency of the US Electric...

  8. Microsoft Word - Energy Resilience Report SAND2014-18019.docx

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    8.3 Natural Gas The use case presented exemplifies how resilience metrics can be applied to the natural gas infrastructure. Resilience is evaluated by calculating the overall...

  9. Green Infrastructure and Flood Resiliency-Land Use Management...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Infrastructure and Flood Resiliency-Land Use Management as an Adaptation Strategy in the Built Environment Green Infrastructure and Flood Resiliency-Land Use Management as an...

  10. The Business Case for Fuel Cells 2013: Reliability, Resiliency...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    3: Reliability, Resiliency & Savings The Business Case for Fuel Cells 2013: Reliability, Resiliency & Savings This report, compiled by Fuel Cells 2000 with support from the Fuel...

  11. cybersecurity.pnnl.gov Asymmetric Resilient Cybersecurity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    cybersecurity.pnnl.gov Asymmetric Resilient Cybersecurity Cyber attacks are persistent Cyber attack: Contact Nick Multari Nick.Multari@pnnl.gov or visit cybersecurity.pnnl.gov What is Asymmetric Resilient, and difficult for an adversary to exploit once entry is gained. PNNL-SA-92842 #12;

  12. Engineering Resilient Cyber-Physical Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Engineering Resilient Cyber-Physical Systems Future Grid Thrust Area 6 White Paper Power Systems Engineering Research Center Empowering Minds to Engineer the Future Electric Energy System #12;Thrust Area 6 White Paper Engineering Resilient Cyber-Physical Systems Project Team Thomas J. Overbye University

  13. Toward Principles for Enhancing the Resilience

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammerton, James

    Toward Principles for Enhancing the Resilience of Ecosystem Services Reinette Biggs,1,2 Maja Schl¨uter,1,3 Duan Biggs,4,5,6 Erin L. Bohensky,7 Shauna BurnSilver,8 Georgina Cundill,10 Vasilis Dakos,11 Tim Stockholm Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, Stockholm 10691, Sweden; email: oonsie.biggs

  14. "Reliability, Resiliency, and Restoration for Smarter Grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ohta, Shigemi

    "Reliability, Resiliency, and Restoration for Smarter Grid Workshop" Save the Date April 3 and 4 at mohlsen@bnl.gov "The Resilient Smart Grid" to be held at Brookhaven National Laboratory Upton, Long Island://www.bnl.gov/maps/. This is the 5th workshop that BNL is hosting on the Smart Grid. This Workshop will build on the previous

  15. Adaptation policies to increase terrestrial ecosystem resilience: potential utility of a multicriteria approach

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    de Bremond, Ariane; Engle, Nathan L.

    2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Climate change is rapidly undermining terrestrial ecosystem resilience and capacity to continue providing their services to the benefit of humanity and nature. Because of the importance of terrestrial ecosystems to human well-being and supporting services, decision makers throughout the world are busy creating policy responses that secure multiple development and conservation objectives- including that of supporting terrestrial ecosystem resilience in the context of climate change. This article aims to advance analyses on climate policy evaluation and planning in the area of terrestrial ecosystem resilience by discussing adaptation policy options within the ecology-economy-social nexus. The paper evaluates these decisions in the realm of terrestrial ecosystem resilience and evaluates the utility of a set of criteria, indicators, and assessment methods, proposed by a new conceptual multi-criteria framework for pro-development climate policy and planning developed by the United Nations Environment Programme. Potential applications of a multicriteria approach to climate policy vis-A -vis terrestrial ecosystems are then explored through two hypothetical case study examples. The paper closes with a brief discussion of the utility of the multi-criteria approach in the context of other climate policy evaluation approaches, considers lessons learned as a result efforts to evaluate climate policy in the realm of terrestrial ecosystems, and reiterates the role of ecosystem resilience in creating sound policies and actions that support the integration of climate change and development goals.

  16. IBM Business Continuity and Resiliency Services January 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    IBM Business Continuity and Resiliency Services January 2009 Business resilience: The best defense is a good offense Develop a best practices strategy using a tiered approach #12;Business resilience: The best defense is a good offense Page 2 Contents 2 Introduction 3 What is business resilience? 4 5

  17. RNEDE: Resilient Network Design Environment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Venkat Venkatasubramanian, Tanu Malik, Arun Giridh; Craig Rieger; Keith Daum; Miles McQueen

    2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Modern living is more and more dependent on the intricate web of critical infrastructure systems. The failure or damage of such systems can cause huge disruptions. Traditional design of this web of critical infrastructure systems was based on the principles of functionality and reliability. However, it is increasingly being realized that such design objectives are not sufficient. Threats, disruptions and faults often compromise the network, taking away the benefits of an efficient and reliable design. Thus, traditional network design parameters must be combined with self-healing mechanisms to obtain a resilient design of the network. In this paper, we present RNEDEa resilient network design environment that that not only optimizes the network for performance but tolerates fluctuations in its structure that result from external threats and disruptions. The environment evaluates a set of remedial actions to bring a compromised network to an optimal level of functionality. The environment includes a visualizer that enables the network administrator to be aware of the current state of the network and the suggested remedial actions at all times.

  18. Conceptual Framework for Developing Resilience Metrics for the Electricity,

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 1112011AT&T, Inc.'sEnergyTexas1.Space DataEnergyCompressedOil, and Gas Sectors in the

  19. Conceptual Framework for Developing Resilience Metrics for the Electricity,

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613PortsmouthBartlesville EnergyDepartment.Attachment FY2011-40(10 CFR PartsOil, and Gas

  20. Conceptual Framework for Developing Resilience Metrics for the Electricity,

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742Energy China U.S. DepartmentEnergy This partAs theFebruary 24,ofOctober 2013 PeerThis

  1. Agenda: Enhancing Energy Infrastructure Resiliency and Addressing...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    of Congress TBD 11:00 a.m. - 12:00 p.m.* Panel I - Resiliency and Vulnerabilities in Energy Transmission, Storage and Distribution *Panel I may start at 10:30 a.m. if there...

  2. Microsoft Word - QER Resilience Metrics - Technical Workshp ...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    their progress to-date on developing a long-term roadmap on resilience metrics for electric power, gas, and oil infrastructure and their proposed uses. Location The session...

  3. Watershed Academy Webcast on Climate Resilience

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    "Climate Resilience: What to Expect, How to Prepare, and  What you can Learn from Others." This webcast will share findings from the most recent National Climate Assessment report concerning...

  4. Resilience by design for cloud services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaudhuri, Surajit

    adapted from the industry-standard technique known as Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (FMEA)1 the industry-standard process known as FMEA have been adapted to create a Resilience Modeling and Analysis (RMA

  5. A simulation infrastructure for examining the performance of resilience strategies at scale.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ferreira, Kurt Brian; Levy, Scott N. [University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM; Bridges, Patrick G. [University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM

    2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Fault-tolerance is a major challenge for many current and future extreme-scale systems, with many studies showing it to be the key limiter to application scalability. While there are a number of studies investigating the performance of various resilience mechanisms, these are typically limited to scales orders of magnitude smaller than expected for next-generation systems and simple benchmark problems. In this paper we show how, with very minor changes, a previously published and validated simulation framework for investigating appli- cation performance of OS noise can be used to simulate the overheads of various resilience mechanisms at scale. Using this framework, we compare the failure-free performance of this simulator against an analytic model to validate its performance and demonstrate its ability to simulate the performance of two popular rollback recovery methods on traces from real

  6. Tribal Leader Forum on Climate Preparedness and Resiliency to...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Tribal Leader Forum on Climate Preparedness and Resiliency to be Held on March 4; RSVP by Feb. 27 Tribal Leader Forum on Climate Preparedness and Resiliency to be Held on March 4;...

  7. Tribal Leader Forum on Climate Preparedness and Resiliency to...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Leader Forum on Climate Preparedness and Resiliency to be Held on March 4; RSVP by Feb. 27 Tribal Leader Forum on Climate Preparedness and Resiliency to be Held on March 4; RSVP by...

  8. Resilient Design: Transitioning to the New Built Environment

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Alex Wilson, Founder, BuildingGreen Inc. and Resilient Design Institute, provides context for why we need to be considering resilience in looking at the built environment during the coming decades.

  9. Next Generation Nuclear Plant Resilient Control System Functional Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lynne M. Stevens

    2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Control Systems and their associated instrumentation must meet reliability, availability, maintainability, and resiliency criteria in order for high temperature gas-cooled reactors (HTGRs) to be economically competitive. Research, perhaps requiring several years, may be needed to develop control systems to support plant availability and resiliency. This report functionally analyzes the gaps between traditional and resilient control systems as applicable to HTGRs, which includes the Next Generation Nuclear Plant; defines resilient controls; assesses the current state of both traditional and resilient control systems; and documents the functional gaps existing between these two controls approaches as applicable to HTGRs. This report supports the development of an overall strategy for applying resilient controls to HTGRs by showing that control systems with adequate levels of resilience perform at higher levels, respond more quickly to disturbances, increase operational efficiency, and increase public protection.

  10. Cyber Security and Resilient Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robert S. Anderson

    2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Department of Energy (DOE) Idaho National Laboratory (INL) has become a center of excellence for critical infrastructure protection, particularly in the field of cyber security. It is one of only a few national laboratories that have enhanced the nation’s cyber security posture by performing industrial control system (ICS) vendor assessments as well as user on-site assessments. Not only are vulnerabilities discovered, but described actions for enhancing security are suggested – both on a system-specific basis and from a general perspective of identifying common weaknesses and their corresponding corrective actions. These cyber security programs have performed over 40 assessments to date which have led to more robust, secure, and resilient monitoring and control systems for the US electrical grid, oil and gas, chemical, transportation, and many other sectors. In addition to cyber assessments themselves, the INL has been engaged in outreach to the ICS community through vendor forums, technical conferences, vendor user groups, and other special engagements as requested. Training programs have been created to help educate all levels of management and worker alike with an emphasis towards real everyday cyber hacking methods and techniques including typical exploits that are used. The asset owner or end user has many products available for its use created from these programs. One outstanding product is the US Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Cyber Security Procurement Language for Control Systems document that provides insight to the user when specifying a new monitoring and control system, particularly concerning security requirements. Employing some of the top cyber researchers in the nation, the INL can leverage this talent towards many applications other than critical infrastructure. Monitoring and control systems are used throughout the world to perform simple tasks such as cooking in a microwave to complex ones such as the monitoring and control of the next generation fighter jets or nuclear material safeguards systems in complex nuclear fuel cycle facilities. It is the intent of this paper to describe the cyber security programs that are currently in place, the experiences and successes achieved in industry including outreach and training, and suggestions about how other sectors and organizations can leverage this national expertise to help their monitoring and control systems become more secure.

  11. Epilogue: The Machinery of Urban Resilience

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Amin, Ash

    2014-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

    , 2010. 20. David Stark. “On Resilience.” Social Sciences 3 (2014): 60–70. 21. Abdou Maliq Simone. City Life from Jakarta to Dakar. London: Routledge, 2010. 22. Henrik Ernston, Sander E. van der Leeuw, Charles L. Redman, Douglas J. Meffert, George...

  12. Ecosystem services, resilience and our changing climate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

    Ecosystem services, resilience and our changing climate Craig R. Allen Nebraska Cooperative Fish ecosystems for critical services #12;What Do Species Do? · regulate biogeochemical cycles ­ e.g., moose.g., predation / herbivory · provide ecological services ­ e.g., pollination #12;Ecosystem Services - Supporting

  13. ResilienceBased Management Jeff Herrick USDAARS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and ranches will increase loss and fragmentation · Demand for food, fiber and energy will drive expansion and intensification of production on `marginal' grazinglands "...grain prices are screaming for more acres which. 1970-2003 0% 25% 50% 75% 100%H ills G ravelly Sandy Soils control resilience Grass dynamics Eliminated

  14. Focus Article Resilience implications of policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matthews, Adrian

    Natural Resources Institute, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada 5 School of Sustainability, Arizona Resilience Centre, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden 7Department of Anthropology, Colorado State of their benefits.2,3 Similarly, responses to reduce greenhouse gas emissions potentially have negative as well

  15. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PARALLEL AND DISTRIBUTED SYSTEMS 1 An In-Network Querying Framework for Wireless

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demirbas, Murat

    -network querying in a distributed, lightweight, resilient and energy-efficient manner. We address these challenges by exploiting location information and geometry of the network and propose an in-network querying framework our framework to achieve complex range-based querying. To this end, we use a multi

  16. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PARALLEL AND DISTRIBUTED SYSTEMS 1 An In-Network Querying Framework for Wireless

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demirbas, Murat

    -network querying in a distributed, lightweight, resilient and energy-efficient manner. We address these challenges by exploiting location information and geometry of the network and propose an in-network querying framework of inquiries, we further extend our framework to achieve complex range-based querying. To this end, we use

  17. A Framework for Distributed Key Management Schemes in Heterogeneous Wireless Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Jiankun

    A Framework for Distributed Key Management Schemes in Heterogeneous Wireless Sensor Networks Kejie propose a framework for key management schemes in distributed wireless sensor networks with heterogeneous, the wireless sensor network can achieve higher key connectivity and higher resilience. I. INTRODUCTION Wireless

  18. SEME FRAMEWORK

    Energy Science and Technology Software Center (OSTI)

    003284MLTPL00 Sequentially Executed Model Evaluation Framework  https://software.sandia.gov/svn/teva/canary 

  19. A Resilient Condition Assessment Monitoring System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Humberto Garcia; Wen-Chiao Lin; Semyon M. Meerkov

    2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An architecture and supporting methods are presented for the implementation of a resilient condition assessment monitoring system that can adaptively accommodate both cyber and physical anomalies to a monitored system under observation. In particular, the architecture includes three layers: information, assessment, and sensor selection. The information layer estimates probability distributions of process variables based on sensor measurements and assessments of the quality of sensor data. Based on these estimates, the assessment layer then employs probabilistic reasoning methods to assess the plant health. The sensor selection layer selects sensors so that assessments of the plant condition can be made within desired time periods. Resilient features of the developed system are then illustrated by simulations of a simplified power plant model, where a large portion of the sensors are under attack.

  20. Kenya-Supporting Low Carbon Development and Climate Resilient...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Development Strategies" Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleKenya-SupportingLowCarbonDevelopmentandClimateResilientStrategiesinAfrica&oldid700...

  1. Resilient Electric Distribution Grid R&D Workshop - June 11,...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Breakout Sessions Notes and Reports Resilient Electric Distribution Grid R&D Workshop - June 11, 2014 - Breakout Sessions Notes and Reports On June 11, 2014, the Department of...

  2. Making Development Climate Resilient: A World Bank Strategy for...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Making Development Climate Resilient: A World Bank Strategy for Sub-Saharan Africa AgencyCompany Organization: World Bank Sector: Energy,...

  3. Formulating Climate Change Scenarios to Inform Climate - Resilient...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Formulating Climate Change Scenarios to Inform Climate - Resilient Development Strategies Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Formulating Climate Change...

  4. July 17 ESTAP Webinar: Resilient Solar-Storage Systems for Homes...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    July 17 ESTAP Webinar: Resilient Solar-Storage Systems for Homes and Commercial Facilities July 17 ESTAP Webinar: Resilient Solar-Storage Systems for Homes and Commercial...

  5. National Disaster Resilience Competition Webinar Series: Long-Term Commitment Factor

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) is hosting the National Disaster Resilience Competition Webinar Series to foster awareness about the National Disaster Resilience...

  6. United States Fuel Resiliency Volume III U.S. Fuels Supply Infrastruct...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Mr. Christopher Dean, Mr. Steven Shapiro, and Mr. Matthew Gilstrap. United States Fuel Resiliency: Volume III - Regional Vulnerability and Resilience iii Table of Contents I....

  7. Saint Lucia-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt Ltd Jump to:RoscommonSBY SolutionsChange Resilience Framework |

  8. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro Industries Pvt Ltd Jump to:RoscommonSBY SolutionsChange Resilience Framework

  9. High Performance Dense Linear System Solver with Soft Error Resilience

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dongarra, Jack

    High Performance Dense Linear System Solver with Soft Error Resilience Peng Du, Piotr Luszczek systems, and in some scientific applications C/R is not applicable for soft error at all due to error) high performance dense linear system solver with soft error resilience. By adopting a mathematical

  10. Simulating Challenges to Communication Networks for Evaluation of Resilience

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahmood, Rabat Anam

    2009-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Simulating Challenges to Communication Networks for Evaluation of Resilience ? 2009 Rabat Anam Mahmood Submitted to the Graduate Degree Program in Electrical Engineering & Computer Science... of various faults and challenges to normal operation" [8]. A resilient network detects, remediates, and recovers from outages and periods of degraded performance within as little time as possible. This so happens that each node in the network continuously...

  11. Resilience-Based Design of Natural Gas Distribution Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bruneau, Michel

    Case Study Resilience-Based Design of Natural Gas Distribution Networks G. P. Cimellaro, Ph.D., A response to natural disasters. In this paper, a new performance index measuring the functionality of a gas; Disaster resilience; Vulnerability; Gas networks; Damage assessment; Lifelines; Serviceability; Natural gas

  12. Constructing a resilience index for the enhanced critical in Frastructure Protection Program.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fisher, R. E.; Bassett, G. W.; Buehring, W. A.; Collins, M. J.; Dickinson, D. C.; Eaton, L. K.; Haffenden, R. A.; Hussar, N. E.; Klett, M. S.; Lawlor, M. A.; Millier, D. J.; Petit, F. D.; Peyton, S. M.; Wallace, K. E.; Whitfield, R. G.; Peerenboom, J. P.; Decision and Information Sciences

    2010-10-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Following recommendations made in Homeland Security Presidential Directive 7, which established a national policy for the identification and increased protection of critical infrastructure and key resources (CIKR) by Federal departments and agencies, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) in 2006 developed the Enhanced Critical Infrastructure Protection (ECIP) program. The ECIP program aimed to provide a closer partnership with state, regional, territorial, local, and tribal authorities in fulfilling the national objective to improve CIKR protection. The program was specifically designed to identify protective measures currently in place in CIKR and to inform facility owners/operators of the benefits of new protective measures. The ECIP program also sought to enhance existing relationships between DHS and owners/operators of CIKR and to build relationships where none existed (DHS 2008; DHS 2009). In 2009, DHS and its protective security advisors (PSAs) began assessing CIKR assets using the ECIP program and ultimately produced individual protective measure and vulnerability values through the protective measure and vulnerability indices (PMI/VI). The PMI/VI assess the protective measures posture of individual facilities at their 'weakest link,' allowing for a detailed analysis of the most vulnerable aspects of the facilities (Schneier 2003), while maintaining the ability to produce an overall protective measures picture. The PMI has six main components (physical security, security management, security force, information sharing, protective measures assessments, and dependencies) and focuses on actions taken by a facility to prevent or deter the occurrence of an incident (Argonne National Laboratory 2009). As CIKR continue to be assessed using the PMI/VI and owners/operators better understand how they can prevent or deter incidents, academic research, practitioner emphasis, and public policy formation have increasingly focused on resilience as a necessary component of the risk management framework and infrastructure protection. This shift in focus toward resilience complements the analysis of protective measures by taking into account the three other phases of risk management: mitigation, response, and recovery (Figure 1). Thus, the addition of a robust resilience index (RI) to the established PMI/VI provides vital information to owners/operators throughout the risk management process. Combining a pre-incident focus with a better understanding of resilience, as well as potential consequences from damaged CIKR, allows owners/operators to better understand different ways to decrease risk by (1) increasing physical security measures to prevent an incident, (2) supplementing redundancy to mitigate the effects of an incident, and (3) enhancing emergency action and business continuity planning to increase the effectiveness of recovery procedures. Information provided by the RI methodology is also used by facility owners/operators to better understand how their facilities compare to similar sector/subsector sites and to help them make risk-based decisions. This report provides an overview of the RI methodology developed to estimate resilience and provide resilience comparisons for sectors and subsectors. The information will be used to (1) assist DHS in analyzing existing response and recovery methods and programs at facilities and (2) identify potential ways to increase resilience. The RI methodology is based on principles of Appreciative Inquiry, which is 'the coevolutionary search for the best in people, their organizations, and the relevant world around them' (Cooperrider et al. 2005). Appreciative Inquiry identifies the best of 'what is' and helps to envision 'what might be.' The ECIP program and the RI represent a new model (using Appreciative Inquiry principles) for information sharing between government and industry (Fisher and Petit 2010). A 'dashboard' display, which provides an interactive tool - rather than a static report, presents the results of the RI in a convenient format. Additional resilience measures c

  13. Optimal recovery sequencing for critical infrastructure resilience assessment.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vugrin, Eric D.; Brown, Nathanael J. K.; Turnquist, Mark Alan (Cornell University, Ithaca, NY)

    2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Critical infrastructure resilience has become a national priority for the U. S. Department of Homeland Security. System resilience has been studied for several decades in many different disciplines, but no standards or unifying methods exist for critical infrastructure resilience analysis. This report documents the results of a late-start Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project that investigated the identification of optimal recovery strategies that maximize resilience. To this goal, we formulate a bi-level optimization problem for infrastructure network models. In the 'inner' problem, we solve for network flows, and we use the 'outer' problem to identify the optimal recovery modes and sequences. We draw from the literature of multi-mode project scheduling problems to create an effective solution strategy for the resilience optimization model. We demonstrate the application of this approach to a set of network models, including a national railroad model and a supply chain for Army munitions production.

  14. Sandia National Laboratories: 100 Resilient Cities

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742EnergyOnItemResearch > TheNuclear PressLaboratorySoftware100 Resilient Cities - Sandia

  15. Resilient Control Systems Practical Metrics Basis for Defining Mission Impact

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Craig G. Rieger

    2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    "Resilience” describes how systems operate at an acceptable level of normalcy despite disturbances or threats. In this paper we first consider the cognitive, cyber-physical interdependencies inherent in critical infrastructure systems and how resilience differs from reliability to mitigate these risks. Terminology and metrics basis are provided to integrate the cognitive, cyber-physical aspects that should be considered when defining solutions for resilience. A practical approach is taken to roll this metrics basis up to system integrity and business case metrics that establish “proper operation” and “impact.” A notional chemical processing plant is the use case for demonstrating how the system integrity metrics can be applied to establish performance, and

  16. Resilient Core Networks for Energy Distribution

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kuntze, Nicolai; Rudolph, Carsten; Leivesley, Sally; Manz, David O.; Endicott-Popovsky, Barbara E.

    2014-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Abstract—Substations and their control are crucial for the availability of electricity in today’s energy distribution. Ad- vanced energy grids with Distributed Energy Resources require higher complexity in substations, distributed functionality and communication between devices inside substations and between substations. Also, substations include more and more intelligent devices and ICT based systems. All these devices are connected to other systems by different types of communication links or are situated in uncontrolled environments. Therefore, the risk of ICT based attacks on energy grids is growing. Consequently, security measures to counter these risks need to be an intrinsic part of energy grids. This paper introduces the concept of a Resilient Core Network to interconnected substations. This core network provides essen- tial security features, enables fast detection of attacks and allows for a distributed and autonomous mitigation of ICT based risks.

  17. Enhancing Energy Infrastructure Resiliency and Addressing Vulnerabilities

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Quadrennial Energy Review Task Force Secretariat and Energy Policy and Systems Analysis Staff, U. S. Department of Energy (DOE) Public Meeting on “Enhancing Resilience in Energy Infrastructure and Addressing Vulnerabilities” On Friday, April 11, 2014, at 10 a.m. in room HVC-215 of the U.S. Capitol, the Department of Energy (DOE), acting as the Secretariat for the Quadrennial Energy Review Task Force, will hold a public meeting to discuss and receive comments on issues related to the Quadrennial Energy Review (QER). The meeting will focus on infrastructure vulnerabilities related to the electricity, natural gas and petroleum transmission, storage and distribution systems (TS&D). The meeting will consist of two facilitated panels of experts on identifying and addressing vulnerabilities within the nation’s energy TS&D infrastructure. Following the panels, an opportunity will be provided for public comment via an open microphone session. The meeting will be livestreamed at energy.gov/live

  18. TITLE: Engendering Resilience: Building Sustainable Communities through Women's Collective Action

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Angenent, Lars T.

    basic services and economic opportunities, climate change, pollution and resource degradationTITLE: Engendering Resilience: Building Sustainable Communities through Women's Collective Action Communities, Rust2Green and Civic Ecologies in the Department of Natural Resources. The lunch is part

  19. NOAA Webinar: The U.S. Climate Resilience Toolkit | Department...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    to 2:30PM EDT Hosted by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), this webinar will demonstrate the U.S. Climate Resilience Toolkit. Register for this webinar...

  20. Tribal Leader Forum on Climate Preparedness and Resiliency

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Indian Energy is hosting the 10th in a series of planned strategic energy development forums for tribal leaders and interested staff on “Tribal Energy Systems: Climate Preparedness and Resiliency.”

  1. "Design of Offshore Wind Turbines for Hurricane Resilience" Graduate Seminar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Connor, Ed

    "Design of Offshore Wind Turbines for Hurricane Resilience" Graduate Seminar Thursday, December 5, 2013, 12pm ­ 1pm Andrew Myers, Ph.D. Northeastern University. "Computational Methods for Evolving

  2. Adaptation and adaptability : expectant design for resilience in coastal urbanity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ruskeepää, Laura A. Delaney (Laura Ashley Delaney)

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    What is the nature of and possibility for urban resiliency through adaptation? Adaptation implies responsiveness to phenomena that are disruptive to a system's functioning; it is a willful evolution in response to changed ...

  3. Task Force on Climate Preparedness and Resilience Announces Tribal...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Climate Resilience Program July 16, 2014 - 3:38pm Addthis Access Recordings from the Climate Change Impacts and Indian Country Webinar Series On July 16, at the fourth and...

  4. Infrastructure Ecology for Sustainable and Resilient Urban Infrastructure Design

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jeong, Hyunju [Georgia Institute of Technology; Pandit, Arka [Georgia Institute of Technology; Crittenden, John [Georgia Institute of Technology; Xu, Ming [University of Michigan; Perrings, Charles [Arizona State University; Wang, Dali [ORNL; Li, Ke [University of Georgia; French, Steve [Georgia Institute of Technology

    2010-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The population growth coupled with increasing urbanization is predicted to exert a huge demand on the growth and retrofit of urban infrastructure, particularly in water and energy systems. The U.S. population is estimated to grow by 23% (UN, 2009) between 2005 and 2030. The corresponding increases in energy and water demand were predicted as 14% (EIA, 2009) and 20% (Elcock, 2008), respectively. The water-energy nexus needs to be better understood to satisfy the increased demand in a sustainable manner without conflicting with environmental and economic constraints. Overall, 4% of U.S. power generation is used for water distribution (80%) and treatment (20%). 3% of U.S. water consumption (100 billion gallons per day, or 100 BGD) and 40% of U.S. water withdrawal (340 BGD) are for thermoelectric power generation (Goldstein and Smith, 2002). The water demand for energy production is predicted to increase most significantly among the water consumption sectors by 2030. On the other hand, due to the dearth of conventional water sources, energy intensive technologies are increasingly in use to treat seawater and brackish groundwater for water supply. Thus comprehending the interrelation and interdependency between water and energy system is imperative to evaluate sustainable water and energy supply alternatives for cities. In addition to the water-energy nexus, decentralized or distributed concept is also beneficial for designing sustainable water and energy infrastructure as these alternatives require lesser distribution lines and space in a compact urban area. Especially, the distributed energy infrastructure is more suited to interconnect various large and small scale renewable energy producers which can be expected to mitigate greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. In the case of decentralized water infrastructure, on-site wastewater treatment facility can provide multiple benefits. Firstly, it reduces the potable water demand by reusing the treated water for non-potable uses and secondly, it also reduces the wastewater load to central facility. In addition, lesser dependency on the distribution network contributes to increased reliability and resiliency of the infrastructure. The goal of this research is to develop a framework which seeks an optimal combination of decentralized water and energy alternatives and centralized infrastructures based on physical and socio-economic environments of a region. Centralized and decentralized options related to water, wastewater and stormwater and distributed energy alternatives including photovoltaic (PV) generators, fuel cells and microturbines are investigated. In the context of the water-energy nexus, water recovery from energy alternatives and energy recovery from water alternatives are reflected. Alternatives recapturing nutrients from wastewater are also considered to conserve depleting resources. The alternatives are evaluated in terms of their life-cycle environmental impact and economic performance using a hybrid life cycle assessment (LCA) tool and cost benefit analysis, respectively. Meeting the increasing demand of a test bed, an optimal combination of the alternatives is designed to minimize environmental and economic impacts including CO2 emissions, human health risk, natural resource use, and construction and operation cost. The framework determines the optimal combination depending on urban density, transmission or conveyance distance or network, geology, climate, etc. Therefore, it will be also able to evaluate infrastructure resiliency against physical and socio-economic challenges such as population growth, severe weather, energy and water shortage, economic crisis, and so on.

  5. Invasive Plant-Soil Feedbacks and Ecosystem Resistance and Resilience: A Comparison of Three Vegetation Types in California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dickens, Sara Jo Myrtle

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    over the functioning of ecosystems. Science Chatterjee, A. ,inertia and resilience of ecosystems. Bioscience White, D.inertia and resilience of ecosystems. Bioscience White, D.

  6. The Resilient Economy: Integrating Competitiveness and Security

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Debbie van Opstal

    2009-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Globalization, technological complexity, interdependence, terrorism, climate and energy volatility, and pandemic potential are increasing the level of risk that societies and organizations now face. Risks also are increasingly interrelated; disruptions in one area can cascade in multiple directions. The ability to manage emerging risks, anticipate the interactions between different types of risk, and bounce back from disruption will be a competitive differentiator for companies and countries alike in the 21st century. What Policymakers Should Know The national objective is not just homeland protection, but economic resilience: the ability to mitigate and recover quickly from disruption. Businesses must root the case for investment in resilience strategies to manage a spectrum of risks, not just catastrophic ones. Making a business case for investment in defenses against low-probability events (even those with high impact) is difficult. However, making a business case for investments that assure business continuity and shareholder value is not a heavy lift. There are an infinite number of disruption scenarios, but only a finite number of outcomes. Leading organizations do not manage specific scenarios, rather they create the agility and flexibility to cope with turbulent situations. The investments and contingency plans these leading companies make to manage a spectrum of risk create a capability to respond to high-impact disasters as well. Government regulations tend to stovepipe different types of risk, which impedes companies abilities to manage risk in an integrated way. Policies to strengthen risk management capabilities would serve both security and competitiveness goals. What CEOs and Boards Should Know Operational risks are growing rapidly and outpacing many companies abilities to manage them. Corporate leadership has historically viewed operational risk management as a back office control function. But managing operational risks increasingly affects real-time financial performance. The 835 companies that announced a supply chain disruption between 1989 and 2000 experienced 33 percent to 40 percent lower stock returns than their industry peers. Twenty-five percent of companies that experienced an IT outage of two to six days went bankrupt immediately. Ninety-three percent of companies that lost their data center for 10 days or more filed for bankruptcy within a year.

  7. Distributed Solar PV for Electricity System Resiliency: Policy and Regulatory Considerations (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Distributed Solar PV systems have the potential of increasing the grid's resiliency to unforeseen events, such as extreme weather events and attacks. This paper presents the role that distributed PV can play in electric grid resiliency, introduces basic system design requirements and options, and discusses the regulatory and policy options for supporting the use of distributed PV for the purpose of increased electricity resiliency.

  8. Enhancing inter-organizational resilience by loose coupling concept and complexity paradigm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Enhancing inter-organizational resilience by loose coupling concept and complexity paradigm Colin into management and organization theories by presenting an inter-organizational resilience model which explains how non-deterministic couplings can enhance inter-organizational resilience. 1 INTRODUCTION To achieve

  9. Resilient Design Methodology for Energy-Efficient SRAM by Brian Zimmer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Asanoviæ, Krste

    Resilient Design Methodology for Energy-Efficient SRAM by Brian Zimmer Research Project Submitted. Asanovi´c Research Advisor Date #12;Resilient Design Methodology for Energy-Efficient SRAM Brian Zimmer, tolerating variability with resilient designs can prevent these limitations and enable future energy-efficiency

  10. Resilience of Social Networks Under Different Attack Strategies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Latif, Mohammad Ayub; Zaidi, Faraz

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent years have seen the world become a closely connected society with the emergence of different types of social networks. Online social networks have provided a way to bridge long distances and establish numerous communication channels which were not possible earlier. These networks exhibit interesting behavior under intentional attacks and random failures where different structural properties influence the resilience in different ways. In this paper, we perform two sets of experiments and draw conclusions from the results pertaining to the resilience of social networks. The first experiment performs a comparative analysis of four different classes of networks namely small world networks, scale free networks, small world-scale free networks and random networks with four semantically different social networks under different attack strategies. The second experiment compares the resilience of these semantically different social networks under different attack strategies. Empirical analysis reveals interesti...

  11. Resilient Smart Grid Customers April 3 4, 2014

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ohta, Shigemi

    Resilient Smart Grid Customers April 3 ­ 4, 2014 Berkner Hall, Room B ­ Building 488 Agenda, Department Manager-Smart Grid Orange and Rockland Utilities, Inc. Robert Broadwater, Chief Technology Officer President, Legal, Regulatory And Energy Policy General MicroGrids 9:45 ­10:00 a.m. Break 10:00 ­ 11:30 a

  12. RESILIENCE IN HOME-BASED CAREGIVERS IN LIMPOPO, SOUTH AFRICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Omiecinski, Curtis

    I 188 RESILIENCE IN HOME-BASED CAREGIVERS IN LIMPOPO, SOUTH AFRICA Theresa M. Mieh, McNair Scholar-based caregivers (HBCs) in Limpopo South Africa. The PEN-3 model is used to investigate cultural influences on care cultures. Data were gathered from participants' responses in 4 focus group interviews held in South Africa

  13. Attack-Resilient Time Synchronization for Wireless Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yener, Aylin

    Attack-Resilient Time Synchronization for Wireless Sensor Networks Hui Song, Sencun Zhu in sensor networks were not designed with security in mind, thus leaving them vulnerable to security attacks. In this paper, we first identify various attacks that are effective to several representative time

  14. Wormhole-Resilient Secure Neighbor Discovery in Underwater Acoustic Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Rui

    ), Unmanned Underwater Vehicles (UUV), and surface stations, and nearby nodes communicate via acoustic ratherWormhole-Resilient Secure Neighbor Discovery in Underwater Acoustic Networks Rui Zhang and Yanchao in underwater acoustic networks (UANs) with floating node mobility. In hostile environments, neighbor discovery

  15. Seismic resilience of a hospital system Gian Paolo Cimellaroa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bruneau, Michel

    lifelines (e.g. electric power systems, transportation networks, water systems etc.) that are crucial the resilience index of systems, such as health care facilities, and reduce disaster vulnerability to the infrastructure such that the performance Q(t), is immediately reduced (Figure 1). Mathematically, for a single

  16. Control Channel Jamming: Resilience and Identification of Traitors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noubir, Guevara

    efficient than blind jamming. We propose several schemes based on coding theory and its applications that can counter both external and internal attackers (traitors). We introduce a T-(traitor) resilient and energy available to the mobile devices. Therefore, wireless networks implement various control mechanisms

  17. Sea Level Rise Adaptation: From Climate Chaos to Climate Resilience

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rohs, Remo

    Sea Level Rise Adaptation: From Climate Chaos to Climate Resilience Human Dimensions and Ocean, 2013 #12;Main Discussion Points · How do we incorporate Sea-Level Rise into planning and regulatory actions? · What Does the new NRC Report on Sea- Level Rise mean to Decision-makers? · How does Sea-Level

  18. Mediterranean Seagrass Meadows: Resilience and Contribution to Climate Change Mitigation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boudouresque, Charles F.

    Mediterranean Seagrass Meadows: Resilience and Contribution to Climate Change Mitigation A Short to Climate Change Mitigation, A Short Summary / Les herbiers de Magnoliophytes marines de Méditerranée: 1 Evolution of the average temperature and level of the sea since 1850 (after Climate Change 2007

  19. Computational Aspects of Resilient Data Extraction from Semistructured Sources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Guizhen

    source and maps it into a set of structured or semistructured database objects that can be readilyComputational Aspects of Resilient Data Extraction from Semistructured Sources #3; (Extended Automatic data extraction from semistructured sources such as HTML pages is rapidly growing into a problem

  20. Computational Aspects of Resilient Data Extraction from Semistructured Sources

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Guizhen

    , 22], that parses an HTML source and maps it into a set of structured or semistructured databaseComputational Aspects of Resilient Data Extraction from Semistructured Sources (Extended Abstract Brook Stony Brook, NY 11794-4400, USA {davulcu,guizyang,kifer,ram}@cs.sunysb.edu ABSTRACT Automatic data

  1. Rfuzzy framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ceruelo, Victor Pablos; Strass, Hannes

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Fuzzy reasoning is a very productive research field that during the last years has provided a number of theoretical approaches and practical implementation prototypes. Nevertheless, the classical implementations, like Fril, are not adapted to the latest formal approaches, like multi-adjoint logic semantics. Some promising implementations, like Fuzzy Prolog, are so general that the regular user/programmer does not feel comfortable because either representation of fuzzy concepts is complex or the results difficult to interpret. In this paper we present a modern framework, Rfuzzy, that is modelling multi-adjoint logic. It provides some extensions as default values (to represent missing information, even partial default values) and typed variables. Rfuzzy represents the truth value of predicates through facts, rules and functions. Rfuzzy answers queries with direct results (instead of constraints) and it is easy to use for any person that wants to represent a problem using fuzzy reasoning in a simple way (by usin...

  2. CrashTest: A Fast High-Fidelity FPGA-Based Resiliency Analysis Framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertacco, Valeria

    . In order to overcome these issues and develop robust design techniques for large-market silicon ICs- facturing defects, and radiation-induced soft errors threaten the design's reliability and severely reduce lifetime or by fault-tolerant techniques that detect failures and repair the system functionality

  3. Extending the viability theory framework of resilience to uncertain dynamics, and application to lake eutrophication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    to lake eutrophication Charles Rougé1 , Jean-Denis Mathias1 and Guillaume Deuant1 December 2012 )>IJH on the example of lake eutrophication and shown to foster the use of dierent indicators that are adapted

  4. A Mul&-Scale Design and Control Framework for Dynamically Coupled Sustainable and Resilient Infrastructures,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daly, Samantha

    electricity. -RedistribuRng power demand over Rme in both infrastructures with the electric power infrastructure. This is the project's test bed applicaRon. 0 FUEL PUMP PHEV BATTERY Outlet Personal TransportaRon Infrastructure Electric

  5. Indentation and recovery characteristics of common resilient floor coverings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stewart, Billy Ray

    1959-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , cleanliness, resistance to wear Concluding a con- sideration Of resilience) ~ varntb, quietnosh sad resistance to daxpnessy oils ~ acids ~ elh'elis and heat. gigler and, goorner (g) express tho desirable physical properties ?? resistance to abrasion... PIN CONNECTION 1. 0. SPACER PIPE HOLLOW BRASS WEIGHT SHAFT LEAD WEIGHTS STEEL WEIGHT SHAFT BASE WEIGHT SHAFT CENTERING COLLAR MICROMETER MOUNTING BRACKET YX" x 12" x 12 STEEL PLATE BRASS BUSHING DIAL MICROMETER T/g THINWALL STEEL PLUNGER...

  6. United States Fuel Resiliency Volume II U.S. Fuels Supply Infrastructu...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Fuel Resiliency Volume II U.S. Fuels Supply Infrastructure Vulnerability to Natural and Physical Threats FINAL REPORT Prepared for: Office of Energy Policy and Systems Analysis...

  7. Resilient Control System Execution Agent (ReCoSEA)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Craig G. Rieger; Kris Villez

    2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In an increasingly networked world, critical infrastructure systems suffer from two types of vulnerability. The first is the traditionally recognized problem of monitoring the systems for faults and failures, recognizing and analyzing data, and responding with real understanding to the problems of the system. Increasingly complex systems create the opportunity for single points of failure to cascade when inaccurate assessment of system health increases response time or leads to faulty analysis of the problems involved. A second problem involves vulnerability to cyber intrusion, in which bad actors can mask system deterioration or present false data about system status. A resilient system will protect stability, efficiency, and security. To ensure these three states, the system must react to changing conditions within the system with coordination: no one component of the system can be allowed to react to problems without real consideration of the effects of that action on other components within the system. Systems with multi-agent design typically have three layers of action, a management layer, a coordination layer, and an execution layer. A resilient multi-agent system will emphasize functions of the execution layer, which has the responsibility of initiating actions, monitoring, analyzing, and controlling its own processes, while feeding information back to the higher levels of management and coordination. The design concept of a resilient control system execution agent (ReCoSEA) grows out of these underpinnings, and through the use of computational intelligence techniques, this paper suggests an associated design methodology.

  8. Enterprise Risk Management Framework

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Framework The Enterprise Risk Management (ERM) framework includes four steps: identify the risks, determine the probability and impact of each one, identify controls that are...

  9. Sustainability Framework 1 Queen's University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abolmaesumi, Purang

    Sustainability Framework 1 Queen's University Sustainability Strategic Framework #12;Sustainability Framework 2 Contents Introduction .................................................................................................................................................. 2 Queen's Sustainability Mission

  10. RESER International Conference: Early Warning Systems and Resilience: A Quest for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 RESER International Conference: Early Warning Systems and Resilience: A Quest for Equilibrium to answer to the following research question: "How can Early Warning Systems support the production activity, the system and the user. Keywords: Early Warning Systems, Task-Technology-Fit Model, Resilience

  11. Increasing Resiliency to Natural Hazards: A Strategic Plan for the Multi-Hazards

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fleskes, Joe

    Increasing Resiliency to Natural Hazards: A Strategic Plan for the Multi-Hazards Demonstration Survey #12;#12;Increasing Resiliency to Natural Hazards--A Strategic Plan for the Multi-Hazards on the USGS--the Federal source for science about the Earth, its natural and living resources, natural hazards

  12. ACSF-Oxfam Rural Resilience Project Case Study: Kejima (Hawassa Zuria), Ethiopia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Angenent, Lars T.

    ACSF-Oxfam Rural Resilience Project Case Study: Kejima (Hawassa Zuria), Ethiopia Brian Thiede Ph Resilience Assessment Case Study: Kejima (Hawassa Zuria), Ethiopia Brian Thiede I. Community Profile The community of Kejima is located in south-central Ethiopia, at an elevation of approximately 1,700 meters

  13. On the Energy Cost of Robustness and Resiliency in IP Networks , A. Caponea,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    protocols (like MPLS) allow us to quantitatively analyze the trade-off between energy cost and levelOn the Energy Cost of Robustness and Resiliency in IP Networks B. Addisb , A. Caponea, , G different levels of resiliency and robustness impact the efficiency of energy-aware network management

  14. Block Spreading for MUI/ISI-Resilient Generalized Multi-carrier CDMA with Multirate Capabilities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giannakis, Georgios

    1 of 5 Block Spreading for MUI/ISI-Resilient Generalized Multi-carrier CDMA with Multirate) and intersymbol interference (ISI) arising due to wireless multipath propagation, motivate well multirate wideband Quality of Service (QoS) and rate- scalability, have low complexity, and exhibit resilience to MUI and ISI

  15. Framework for Measuring Sustainable

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Levinson, David M.

    Knight Foundation will use this sustainability framework for internal organizational purposes with the possibility

  16. Experimental Validation of a Resilient Monitoring and Control System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wen-Chiao Lin; Kris R. E. Villez; Humberto E. Garcia

    2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Complex, high performance, engineering systems have to be closely monitored and controlled to ensure safe operation and protect public from potential hazards. One of the main challenges in designing monitoring and control algorithms for these systems is that sensors and actuators may be malfunctioning due to malicious or natural causes. To address this challenge, this paper addresses a resilient monitoring and control (ReMAC) system by expanding previously developed resilient condition assessment monitoring systems and Kalman filter-based diagnostic methods and integrating them with a supervisory controller developed here. While the monitoring and diagnostic algorithms assess plant cyber and physical health conditions, the supervisory controller selects, from a set of candidates, the best controller based on the current plant health assessments. To experimentally demonstrate its enhanced performance, the developed ReMAC system is then used for monitoring and control of a chemical reactor with a water cooling system in a hardware-in-the-loop setting, where the reactor is computer simulated and the water cooling system is implemented by a machine condition monitoring testbed at Idaho National Laboratory. Results show that the ReMAC system is able to make correct plant health assessments despite sensor malfunctioning due to cyber attacks and make decisions that achieve best control actions despite possible actuator malfunctioning. Monitoring challenges caused by mismatches between assumed system component models and actual measurements are also identified for future work.

  17. Notional Examples and Benchmark Aspects Of a Resilient Control System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Craig. G. Rieger

    2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Digital control system technology has pervaded most industries, leading to improvements in the efficiency and reliability of the associated operations. However, the ease of distributing and connecting related control systems for the purposes of increasing performance has resulted in interdependencies that can lead to unexpected conditions. Even with less complex designs, operators and engineers alike are often left with competing goals that are difficult to resolve. A fundamental reason for this dichotomy is that responsibilities lie with different disciplines, and operations are hosted on separate control systems. In addition, with the rising awareness of cyber security and diverse human interactions with control systems, an understanding of human actions from a malicious and benevolent standpoint is necessary. Resilience considers the multiple facets of requirements that drive the performance of control systems in a holistic fashion, whether they are security or stability, stability or efficiency, human interactions or complex interdependencies. As will be shown by example, current research philosophies lack the depth or the focus on the control system application to satisfy these requirements, such as graceful degradation of hierarchical control while under cyber attack. A resilient control system promises to purposefully consider these diverse requirements, developing an adaptive capacity to complex events that can lead to failure of traditional control system designs.

  18. Restoring Resiliency: Case Studies from Pacific Northwest Estuarine Eelgrass (Zostera marina L.) Ecosystems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thom, Ronald M.; Diefenderfer, Heida L.; Vavrinec, John; Borde, Amy B.

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of many ecological restoration projects is to establish an ecosystem with fully developed structure and function that exhibits resistance to and resilience from disturbances. Coastal restoration projects in the Pacific Northwest provide opportunities to understand what is required to restore the resilience of eelgrass (Zostera marina L.) populations. Factors influencing resilience observed in three case studies of eelgrass restoration include minimum viable population, adaptations of transplant populations, and natural and anthropogenic disturbances at restoration sites. The evaluation of resiliency depends on selecting appropriate monitoring metrics and the frequency and duration of monitoring. Eelgrass area, cover and shoot density provide useful and reliable metrics for quantifying resilience of restored meadows. Further, five years of monitoring of these metrics provides data that can reasonably predict the long-term viability of a planted plot. Eelgrass appears to be a resilient ecosystem in general, though one that data suggest may exhibit tipping points brought about by compounded environmental conditions outside of its tolerance ranges. Explicit inclusion of resilience in the planning and practice of habitat restoration may reduce uncertainties and improve the performance of restored systems by increasing buffering capacity, nurturing sources of renewal (e.g., seeds and rhizomes), and managing for habitat forming and maintaining processes (e.g., sediment dynamics) at multiple scales.

  19. Using Semantic Web Technologies to Develop Intrinsically Resilient Energy Control Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sheldon, Frederick T [ORNL] [ORNL; Huang, Jingshan [ORNL] [ORNL; Fetzer, Daniel T [ORNL] [ORNL; Morris, Thomas H [ORNL] [ORNL; Jonathan, Kirsch [Siemens Corporate Research] [Siemens Corporate Research; Goose, Stuart [Siemens Corporate Research] [Siemens Corporate Research; Wei, Dong [Siemens Corporate Research] [Siemens Corporate Research; Dang, Jiangbo [Siemens Corporate Research] [Siemens Corporate Research; Manz, David [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL)] [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL)

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    To preserve critical energy control functions while under attack, it is necessary to perform comprehensive analysis on root causes and impacts of cyber intrusions without sacrificing the availability of energy delivery. We propose to design an intrinsically resilient energy control system where we extensively utilize Semantic Web technologies, which play critical roles in knowledge representation and acquisition. While our ultimate goal is to ensure availability/resiliency of energy delivery functions and the capability to assess root causes and impacts of cyber intrusions, the focus of this paper is to demonstrate a proof of concept of how Semantic Web technologies can significantly contribute to resilient energy control systems.

  20. Racial Geography, Economic Growth and Natural Disaster Resilience

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Huiping [University of North Carolina at Charlotte; Fernandez, Steven J. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory; Ganguly, Auroop [Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    2014-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent development of National Response Plans and National Incident Management Plans has emphasized the need for interoperability of plans, systems, technology, and command structures. However, much less emphasis has been placed on equally important elements such as the at-risk populations’ response to those plans, systems, and directions. The community-wide consequences of Hurricane Katrina demonstrated that the protection of communities should no longer be considered only a function of public organizations. Private organizations, nonprofit organizations and individual households have significant roles to play in these plans (Comfort 2006, Salamon 2002). This study is a first attempt to characterize the effect on the resilience (recovery) of metropolitan areas by the presence (or absence) of separate small communities within a larger jurisdiction. These communities can be based on many different social cleavages (ethnic, racial, economic, social, geographic, linguistic, etc.).

  1. Resilience of natural gas networks during conflicts, crises and disruptions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carvalho, Rui; Bono, Flavio; Masera, Marcelo; Arrowsmith, David K; Helbing, Dirk

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Human conflict, geopolitical crises, terrorist attacks, and natural disasters can turn large parts of energy distribution networks offline. Europe's current gas supply network is largely dependent on deliveries from Russia and North Africa, creating vulnerabililties to social and political instabilities. During crises, less delivery may mean greater congestion, as the pipeline network is used in ways it has not been designed for. Given the importance of the security of natural gas supply, we develop a model to handle network congestion on various geographical scales. We offer a resilient response strategy to energy shortages and quantify its effectiveness for a variety of relevant scenarios. In essence, Europe's gas supply can be made robust even to major supply disruptions, if a fair distribution strategy is applied.

  2. Briefing Memo: Enhancing Resilience in Energy Infrastructure and Addressing Vulnerabilities

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Quadrennial Energy Review Task Force Secretariat and Energy Policy and Systems Analysis Staff, U. S. Department of Energy Public Meeting on “Enhancing Resilience in Energy Infrastructure and Addressing Vulnerabilities” On Friday, April 11, 2014, at 10 a.m. in room HVC-215 of the U.S. Capitol, the Department of Energy (DOE), acting as the Secretariat for the Quadrennial Energy Review Task Force, will hold a public meeting to discuss and receive comments on issues related to the Quadrennial Energy Review (QER). The meeting will focus on infrastructure vulnerabilities related to the electricity, natural gas and petroleum transmission, storage and distribution systems (TS&D). The meeting will consist of two facilitated panels of experts on identifying and addressing vulnerabilities within the nation’s energy TS&D infrastructure. Following the panels, an opportunity will be provided for public comment via an open microphone session.

  3. Regime legitimacy and military resilience : lessons from World War II and Yugoslavia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russell, Jacob Hale

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis argues that regime legitimacy creates military resilience. A regime is legitimate when its constituents believe-whether because of ideological solidarity, patriotism, nationalism, or good governance-that a ...

  4. Children's resiliency, adjustment, and coping: cancer-related, family context, and within-child factors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newton, Katherine Michele

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    ; family context factors of parenting stress and family psychosocial risk; and within-child factors of personal resiliency. These factors were assessed among 37 children with leukemia or lymphoma, one of their caretakers (29 mothers, 7 fathers, 1...

  5. Improving the Education of Hispanic English Language Learners: Examining Educational Resilience and Effective Instructional Practices

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Valle, Melisa

    2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    -resilient comparison (Israelashvili & Wegman-Rozi, 2003; Judge, 2005; Lynch, Geller, & Schmidt, 2004; Waxman, Huang, & Padr?n, 1997; Werner, 2000). Summary Early school years are critical for cognitive and social skills development because from an early age...

  6. Robust Distributed Routing in Dynamical Networks - Part II: Strong Resilience, Equilibrium Selection and Cascaded Failures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Como, Giacomo

    Strong resilience properties of dynamical networks are analyzed for distributed routing policies. The latter are characterized by the property that the way the outflow at a non-destination node gets split among its outgoing ...

  7. National Disaster Resilience Competition Webinar Series- Q&A Session: Review Completeness Requirements

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    In light of the recent announcement of the National Disaster Resilience Competition (NDRC), HUD is offering a series of webinars to discuss NDRC NOFA requirements, answer NDRC NOFA questions and...

  8. National Disaster Resilience Competition Webinar Series- Q&A Session: Walk through FAQ's

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    In light of the recent announcement of the National Disaster Resilience Competition (NDRC), HUD is offering a series of webinars to discuss NDRC NOFA requirements, answer NDRC NOFA questions and...

  9. The role of organizational culture in creating secure and resilient supply chains

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benson, Abby Sophia

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis aims to understand the role that organizational culture plays in creating secure and resilient supply chains. The terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, and the government's subsequent response, propelled ...

  10. National Disaster Resilience Competition Webinar Series: Long-Term Commitment Factor

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    In light of the recent announcement of the National Disaster Resilience Competition (NDRC), HUD is offering a series of webinars to discuss NDRC NOFA requirements, answer NDRC NOFA questions and...

  11. IBRD Operational Decision Framework

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Greenwalt, R; Hibbard, W; Raber, E; Carlsen, T; Folks, K; MacQueen, D; Mancieri, S; Bunt, T; Richards, J; Hirabayashi-Dethier, J

    2010-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The IBRD Operational Decision Framework in this document is an expansion of an emerging general risk management framework under development by an interagency working group. It provides the level of detail necessary to develop a general Consequence Management Guidance Document for biological contamination remediation and restoration. It is the intent of this document to support both wide area and individual site remediation and restoration activities. This product was initiated as a portion of the IBRD Task 1 Systems Analysis to aid in identification of wide area remediation and restoration shortcomings and gaps. The draft interagency general risk management framework was used as the basis for the analysis. The initial Task 1 analysis document expanded the draft interagency framework to a higher level of resolution, building on both the logic structure and the accompanying text explanations. It was then employed in a qualitative manner to identify responsible agencies, data requirements, tool requirements, and current capabilities for each decision and task. This resulted in identifying shortcomings and gaps needing resolution. Several meetings of a joint LLNL/SNL working group reviewed and approved the initial content of this analysis. At the conclusion of Task 1, work continued on the expanded framework to generate this Operational Decision Framework which is consistent with the existing interagency general risk management framework. A large LLNL task group met repeatedly over a three-month period to develop the expanded framework, coordinate the framework with the biological remediation checklist, and synchronize the logic with the Consequence Management Plan table of contents. The expanded framework was briefed at a large table top exercise reviewing the interagency risk management framework. This exercise had representation from major US metropolitan areas as well as national agencies. This product received positive comments from the participants. Upon completion of the Operational Decision Framework, another joint LLNL/SNL working group conducted a day-long review. Identified modifications were made to the document, resulting in the included product.

  12. Uncertainty in Resilience to Climate Change in India and Indian States

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Malone, Elizabeth L.; Brenkert, Antoinette L.

    2008-10-03T23:59:59.000Z

    This study builds on an earlier analysis of resilience of India and Indian states to climate change. The previous study (Brenkert and Malone 2005) assessed current resilience; this research uses the Vulnerability-Resilience Indicators Model (VRIM) to project resilience to 2095 and to perform an uncertainty analysis on the deterministic results. Projections utilized two SRES-based scenarios, one with fast-and-high growth, one with delayed growth. A detailed comparison of two states, the Punjab and Orissa, points to the kinds of insights that can be obtained using the VRIM. The scenarios differ most significantly in the timing of the uncertainty in economic prosperity (represented by GDP per capita) as a major factor in explaining the uncertainty in the resilience index. In the fast-and-high growth scenario the states differ most markedly regarding the role of ecosystem sensitivity, land use and water availability. The uncertainty analysis shows, for example, that resilience in the Punjab might be enhanced, especially in the delayed growth scenario, if early attention is paid to the impact of ecosystems sensitivity on environmental well-being of the state. By the same token, later in the century land-use pressures might be avoided if land is managed through intensification rather than extensification of agricultural land. Thus, this methodology illustrates how a policy maker can be informed about where to focus attention on specific issues, by understanding the potential changes at a specific location and time – and, thus, what might yield desired outcomes. Model results can point to further analyses of the potential for resilience-building.

  13. Hazard Resilient Coastal Communities 2010 Annual Report Due to shrinking budgets, the Hazard Resilient Coastal Communities (HRCC) focus team convened via

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hazard Resilient Coastal Communities 2010 Annual Report Due to shrinking budgets, the Hazard. Hazard Mitigation & Adaptation Planning Sea Grant engages stakeholders and educates them on preparing for natural hazards and planning for adaptation to projected impacts from climate change. By improving

  14. Resilient data staging through MxN distributed transactions.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schwan, Karsten (Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA); Oldfield, Ron A.; Lofstead, Gerald Fredrick, II; Dayal, Jai (Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA)

    2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Scientific computing-driven discoveries are frequently driven from workflows that use persistent storage as a staging area for data between operations. With the bad and progressively worse bandwidth vs. data size issues as we continue towards exascale, eliminating persistent storage through techniques like data staging will both enable these workflows to continue online, but also enable more interactive workflows reducing the time to scientific discoveries. Data staging has shown to be an effective way for applications running on high-end computing platforms to offload expensive I/O operations and to manage the tremendous amounts of data they produce. This data staging approach, however, lacks the ACID style guarantees traditional straight-to-disk methods provide. Distributed transactions are a proven way to add ACID properties to data movements, however distributed transactions follow 1xN data movement semantics, where our highly parallel HPC environments employ MxN data movement semantics. In this paper we present a novel protocol that extends distributed transaction terminology to include MxN semantics which allows our data staging areas to benefit from ACID properties. We show that with our protocol we can provide resilient data staging with a limited performance penalty over current data staging implementations.

  15. Climate Change Vulnerability and Resilience: Current Status and Trends for Mexico

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ibarraran , Maria E.; Malone, Elizabeth L.; Brenkert, Antoinette L.

    2008-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Climate change alters different localities on the planet in different ways. The impact on each region depends mainly on the degree of vulnerability that natural ecosystems and human-made infrastructure have to changes in climate and extreme meteorological events, as well as on the coping and adaptation capacity towards new environmental conditions. This study assesses the current resilience of Mexico and Mexican states to such changes, as well as how this resilience will look in the future. In recent studies (Moss et al. 2000, Brenkert and Malone 2005, Malone and Brenket 2008, Ibarrarán et al. 2007), the Vulnerability-Resilience Indicators Model (VRIM) is used to integrate a set of proxy variables that determine the resilience of a region to climate change. Resilience, or the ability of a region to respond to climate variations and natural events that result from climate change, is given by its adaptation and coping capacity and its sensitivity. On the one hand, the sensitivity of a region to climate change is assessed, emphasizing its infrastructure, food security, water resources, and the health of the population and regional ecosystems. On the other hand, coping and adaptation capacity is based on the availability of human resources, economic capacity and environmental capacity.

  16. A Resilient Routing Policy for Peering Management Stefano Seccia, Huaiyuan Mab, Bjarne Emil Helvikb, Jean-Louis Rougierc

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Secci, Stefano

    A Resilient Routing Policy for Peering Management Stefano Seccia, Huaiyuan Mab, Bjarne Emil Helvikb preserving their respective interests and independence. In this paper, we propose a resilient PEMP execution forms of BGP multipath (see, e.g., [4] and [5]). To our knowledge, these extensions are however seldom

  17. Toward Resilient Security in Wireless Sensor Networks # Hao Yang # , Fan Ye + , Yuan Yuan # , Songwu Lu # , William Arbaugh #

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lu, Songwu

    networks, location­based security, resiliency, node compromise, en­route filtering, key distributionToward Resilient Security in Wireless Sensor Networks # Hao Yang # , Fan Ye + , Yuan Yuan@us.ibm.com {yuanyuan,waa}@cs.umd.edu ABSTRACT Node compromise poses severe security threats in wireless sensor networks

  18. The Partnership Evaluation Framework

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    U.S. Department of Energy Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: The Partnership Evaluation Framework: How to evaluate a potential partner’s business model and identify areas for collaboration.

  19. Resilient Monitoring Systems: Architecture, Design, and Application to Boiler/Turbine Plant

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Humberto E. Garcia; Wen-Chiao Lin; Semyon M. Meerkov; Maruthi T. Ravichandran

    2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Resilient monitoring systems, considered in this paper, are sensor networks that degrade gracefully under malicious attacks on their sensors, causing them to project misleading information. The goal of this work is to design, analyze, and evaluate the performance of a resilient monitoring system intended to monitor plant conditions (normal or anomalous). The architecture developed consists of four layers: data quality assessment, process variable assessment, plant condition assessment, and sensor network adaptation. Each of these layers is analyzed by either analytical or numerical tools. The performance of the overall system is evaluated using a simplified boiler/turbine plant. The measure of resiliency is quantified using Kullback-Leibler divergence, and is shown to be sufficiently high in all scenarios considered.

  20. Human Factors and Data Fusion as Part of Control Systems Resilience

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    David I. Gertman

    2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Human performance and human decision making is counted upon as a crucial aspect of overall system resilience. Advanced control systems have the potential to provide operators and asset owners a wide range of data, deployed at different levels that can be used to support operator situation awareness. However, the sheer amount of data available can make it challenging for operators to assimilate information and respond appropriately. This paper reviews some of the challenges and issues associated with providing operators with actionable state awareness and argues for the over arching importance of integrating human factors as part of intelligent control systems design and implementation. It is argued that system resilience is improved by implementing human factors in operations and maintenance. This paper also introduces issues associated with resilience and data fusion and highlights areas in which human factors including field studies hold promise.

  1. Toward resilient communities: A performance-based engineering framework for design and evaluation of the built environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mieler, Michael

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    control and data acquisition (SCADA) systems to control thea community. Note that SCADA stands for supervisory controlthan two infrastructures Sh SCADA, Communications Water for

  2. Toward resilient communities: A performance-based engineering framework for design and evaluation of the built environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mieler, Michael

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code that typicallyto the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code that typically

  3. Toward resilient communities: A performance-based engineering framework for design and evaluation of the built environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mieler, Michael

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    facilities, electric power, or oil infrastructure has onlyelectric power, communications, and transportation infrastructures.

  4. Toward resilient communities: A performance-based engineering framework for design and evaluation of the built environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mieler, Michael

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    STANDARD 1 DESIGN Transmission Towers & Poles Distributionpipelines, transmission towers, and other structures. As apipelines, transmission towers, and other structures. As a

  5. Toward resilient communities: A performance-based engineering framework for design and evaluation of the built environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mieler, Michael

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    power x x x x Transportation x Natural gas x x x x Telecom xx x x x Telecom Transportation x Natural gas Electric powerpower, natural gas, oil, and solid fuels), transportation (

  6. Toward resilient communities: A performance-based engineering framework for design and evaluation of the built environment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mieler, Michael

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    lateral offset and some elements of the seismic force resisting system may exhibit substantial cracking, spalling, yielding, and buckling.and buckling and fracture of steel elements. The structure may have significant permanent lateral

  7. Framework for Physics Computation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schwan, Karsten [Georgia Institute of Technology

    2012-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

    The Georgia Tech team has been working in collaboration with ORNL and Rutgers on improved I/O for petascale fusion codes, specifically, to integrate staging methods into the ADIOS framework. As part of this on-going work, we have released the DataTap server as part of the ADIOS release, and we have been working on improving the ‘in situ’ processing capabilities of the ADIOS framework. In particular, we have been moving forward with a design that adds additional metadata to describe the data layout and structure of data that is being moved for I/O purposes, building on the FFS type system developed in our past research

  8. A Poisoning-Resilient TCP Stack Amit Mondal and Aleksandar Kuzmanovic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kuzmanovic, Aleksandar

    A Poisoning-Resilient TCP Stack Amit Mondal and Aleksandar Kuzmanovic Northwestern University {a-mondal, akuzma}@cs.northwestern.edu Abstract-- We treat the problem of large-scale TCP poisoning: an attacker of mitigating large-scale poisoning attacks. We show, by means of analytical modeling, simulations, and Internet

  9. The VIKING Project: An Initiative on Resilient Control of Power Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johansson, Karl Henrik

    --This paper presents the work on resilient and secure power transmission and distribution developed within makers can obtain instant access to critical data about the system status. Examples of important security this challenge by de- veloping cyber-physical models that specifically address the interaction between the (cyber

  10. Resilience Theory and Social-Ecological Systems Chuluun Togtokh, Ph.D.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , corruption and environmental degradation or for sustainable transformation, adapting to global changes energy, ICT etc.), (II) transformation of "new" herders and rural migrants, living near cities and infrastructures, into the sustainable farmers would be desirable future in order to increase resilience

  11. Changes in ecosystem resilience detected in automated measures of ecosystem metabolism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pace, Michael L.

    Changes in ecosystem resilience detected in automated measures of ecosystem metabolism during of Ecosystem Studies, Millbrook, NY 12545; and c Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Virginia) Environmental sensor networks are developing rapidly to as- sess changes in ecosystems and their services. Some

  12. Multiple Jets as PV Staircases: The Phillips Effect and the Resilience of Eddy-Transport Barriers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    Multiple Jets as PV Staircases: The Phillips Effect and the Resilience of Eddy-Transport Barriers D 2007) ABSTRACT A review is given that focuses on why the sideways mixing of potential vorticity (PV. PV mixing often produces a sideways layering or banding of the PV distribution and therefore

  13. Allocating Capacity in Parallel Queues to Improve Their Resilience to Deliberate Attack

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henderson, Shane

    Allocating Capacity in Parallel Queues to Improve Their Resilience to Deliberate Attack W. Matthew will subsequently face disruptions from accidents, acts of nature, or an intentional attack from a well-informed attacker. The systems are modeled as parallel M/M/1 queues, and the key question is how to allocate service

  14. THE UNIVERSITY OF ARIZONA TECHNICAL REPORT 1 The Resilience of WDM Networks to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Efrat, Alon

    , are vulnerable to large-scale failures of their physical infrastructure, resulting from physical attacks (such as optical fibers, amplifiers, routers, and switches), making them vulnerable to physical attacksTHE UNIVERSITY OF ARIZONA TECHNICAL REPORT 1 The Resilience of WDM Networks to Probabilistic

  15. THE VULNERABILITY AND RESILIENCE IN RISK SCENARII : A COMMUNITY CASE STUDY; INDIGENOUS NASA IN HUILA COLOMBIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    IN HUILA COLOMBIA Philippe Woloszyn Space sciences CNRS Research Worker ESO UMR 6590 CNRS/Université Rennes Francisco José de Caldas. Bogotá. Colombia. ythernandezp@udistrital.edu.co Summary: The main goal in Colombia and their resilience capacities, through identifying people community action against natural

  16. A Resilient Real-Time Agent-Based System for a Reconfigurable Power Grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tolbert, Leon M.

    grid, collaboration, fault resiliency I. INTRODUCTION T he electric power industry in the 21st Century devices. The Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) estimates that the annual economic losses from the information technology (IT) infrastructure level and the device level. Specifically, the reformed power grid

  17. A Resilient Routing Algorithm for Long-term Applications in Underwater Sensor Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pompili, Dario

    data collection, pollution moni- toring, offshore exploration, disaster prevention, assisted navigation, and tactical surveillance. Underwater acoustic networking is the enabling technology for these applica- tions of the underwater acoustic channel. A two-phase resilient routing solution for long-term monitoring missions

  18. Design Methodology to trade off Power, Output Quality and Error Resiliency: Application to Color Interpolation Filtering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kambhampati, Subbarao

    Design Methodology to trade off Power, Output Quality and Error Resiliency: Application to Color,nbanerje,kaushik}@purdue.edu chaitali@asu.edu Abstract: Power dissipation and tolerance to process variations pose conflicting design-sizing for process tolerance can be detrimental for power dissipation. However, for certain signal processing systems

  19. The Song Must Go On: Resilience of the Songbird Vocal Motor Pathway

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Song Must Go On: Resilience of the Songbird Vocal Motor Pathway Barish Poole1. , Jeffrey E underlie learned vocal behavior in songbirds; principle neurons in the cortical motor nucleus HVC fire in theoretical models of sequential neural activity. In songbirds, a well-defined cortical-thalamic motor circuit

  20. Resilience-Based design of Natural Gas Pipelines G. P. Cimellaro, O. Villa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bruneau, Michel

    Resilience-Based design of Natural Gas Pipelines G. P. Cimellaro, O. Villa Department of Structural systems. No models are available in literature to measure the performance of natural gas network of natural or manmade hazard which might lead to the disruption of the system. The gas distribution network

  1. UFO: A Resilient Layered Routing Architecture Yaping Zhu , Andy Bavier , Nick Feamster , Sampath Rangarajan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Jaswinder Pal

    UFO: A Resilient Layered Routing Architecture Yaping Zhu , Andy Bavier , Nick Feamster , Sampath topologies. The paper presents a layered routing architecture called UFO (Underlay Fused with Overlays overlays into the existing routing infrastructure. We call our system UFO (Underlay Fused with Overlays

  2. Collusion-resilient Quality of Information Evaluation Based on Information Provenance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    the network security. Detailed analysis of the proposed approach is presented along with simulation results. ICollusion-resilient Quality of Information Evaluation Based on Information Provenance Xinlei (Oscar enhance the overall security level of the network. In a multi-hop network, information can be generated

  3. The Umbra Simulation Framework

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    GOTTLIEB,ERIC; HARRIGAN,RAYMOND W.; MCDONALD,MICHAEL J.; OPPEL III,FRED J.; XAVIER,PATRICK G.

    2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Umbra is a new Sandia-developed modeling and simulation framework. The Umbra framework allows users to quickly build models and simulations for intelligent system development, analysis, experimentation, and control and supports tradeoff analyses of complex robotic systems, device, and component concepts. Umbra links together heterogeneous collections of modeling tools. The models in Umbra include 3D geometry and physics models of robots, devices and their environments. Model components can be built with varying levels of fidelity and readily switched to allow models built with low fidelity for conceptual analysis to be gradually converted to high fidelity models for later phase detailed analysis. Within control environments, the models can be readily replaced with actual control elements. This paper describes Umbra at a functional level and describes issues that Sandia uses Umbra to address.

  4. Genomics of Climate Resilience (2013 DOE JGI Genomics of Energy and Environment 8th Annual User Meeting)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bermingham, Eldredge [STRI-Panama

    2013-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Eldredge Bermingham of the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute-Panama on "Genomics of climate resilience" at the 8th Annual Genomics of Energy & Environment Meeting on March 27, 2013 in Walnut Creek, Calif.

  5. Connectivity and resilience of coral reef metapopulations in marine protected areas: matching empirical efforts to predictive needs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Coral Reefs (2009) 28:327–337 DOI 10.1007/s00338-Connectivity and resilience of coral reef metapopulations inpro- tected areas (MPAs) on coral reefs require prediction

  6. Preparation of functionalized zeolitic frameworks

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Yaghi, Omar M; Furukawa, Hiroyasu; Wang, Bo

    2013-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The disclosure provides zeolitic frameworks for gas separation, gas storage, catalysis and sensors. More particularly the disclosure provides zeolitic frameworks (ZIFs). The ZIF of the disclosure comprises any number of transition metals or a homogenous transition metal composition.

  7. Preparation of functionalized zeolitic frameworks

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Yaghi, Omar M.; Hayashi, Hideki; Banerjee, Rahul; Park, Kyo Sung; Wang, Bo; Cote, Adrien P.

    2014-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

    The disclosure provides zeolitic frameworks for gas separation, gas storage, catalysis and sensors. More particularly the disclosure provides zeolitic frameworks (ZIFs). The ZIF of the disclosure comprises any number of transition metals or a homogenous transition metal composition.

  8. An urban intervention : enabling frameworks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harrigan, Neil Patrick

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The relationship between design and the idea of a framework is essentially an attitude about ordering. A framework is an Intellectual proposition which can support a variety ideas, and in doing so, it provides a resolution ...

  9. Preparation of functionalized zeolitic frameworks

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Yaghi, Omar M; Hayashi, Hideki; Banerjee, Rahul; Park, Kyo Sung; Wang, Bo; Cote, Adrien P

    2012-11-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The disclosure provides zeolitic frameworks for gas separation, gas storage, catalysis and sensors. More particularly the disclosure provides zeolitic frameworks (ZIFs). The ZIF of the disclosure comprises any number of transition metals or a homogenous transition metal composition.

  10. LEDS Global Partnership in Action: Advancing Climate-Resilient Low Emission Development Around the World (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Many countries around the globe are designing and implementing low emission development strategies (LEDS). These LEDS seek to achieve social, economic, and environmental development goals while reducing long-term greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and increasing resiliency to climate change impacts. The LEDS Global Partnership (LEDS GP) harnesses the collective knowledge and resources of more than 120 countries and international donor and technical organizations to strengthen climate-resilient low emission development efforts around the world.

  11. A Conceptual Model of the Mechanisms by which Ego Resiliency Impacts Academic Engagement and Achievement: Social Relatedness as a Mediator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dreke, Linda L.

    2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    have more negative interactions with the teacher than does the student with advanced self-regulatory skills. In turn, these negative interactions provide feedback for the student that she is not as competent at school, and may impact the level...-risk individuals positively adapt to life stressors (Luthar, Cicchetti, & Becker, 2000). 4 The Construct: ?Ego Resiliency? The current study considers the construct of ego-resiliency (ER), a within-child characteristic stemming from temperamental...

  12. Enterprise Risk Management Framework

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645U.S. DOEThe Bonneville Power AdministrationField8, 2000ConsumptionInnovation PortalHanford Site WasteFramework The

  13. Architecture-Aware Algorithms for Scalable Performance and Resilience on Heterogeneous Architectures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dongarra, Jack [University of Tennessee, Knoxville] [University of Tennessee, Knoxville

    2013-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The goal of the Extreme-scale Algorithms & Software Institute (EASI) is to close the ?application-architecture performance gap? by exploring algorithms and runtime improvements that will enable key science applications to better exploit the architectural features of DOE extreme-scale systems. For the past year of the project, our efforts at the University of Tennessee have concentrated on, and made significant progress related to, the following high-level EASI goals: ? Develop multi-precision and architecture-aware implementations of Krylov, Poisson, Helmholtz solvers, and dense factorizations for heterogeneous multi-core systems; ? Explore new methods of algorithm resilience, and develop new algorithms with these capabilities; ? Develop runtime support for adaptable algorithms that are dealing with resilience, scalability; ? Distribute the new algorithms and runtime support through widely used software packages; ? Establish a strong outreach program to disseminate results, interact with colleagues and train students and junior members of our community.

  14. Leveraging Health Data to Enhance Place-Based Resiliance in Green Building Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Houghton, A.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Leveraging Health Data to Enhance Place-Based Resilience in Green Building Designs Clean Air Through Energy Efficiency (CATEE) Conference December 17, 2013 ADELE HOUGHTON, AIA; MPH; LEED AP BD+C, O+M, ND President, Biositu, LLC   ESL...-KT-13-12-10 CATEE 2013: Clean Air Through Energy Efficiency Conference, San Antonio, Texas Dec. 16-18 1.? Localized Health Effects of Climate Change 2.? Green Building Design and Vulnerability 3.? Using Vulnerability Maps to Inform Design Overview...

  15. This research was supported by the Gulf of Mexico Alliance Resilience Team with a grant from Mississippi Department of Marine Resources,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ......................................................................................................................................... 2-6 Building Regulation ...................................................................... 7 Smart Growth, zoning, and building regulation. From there, land use management options for improving resilience

  16. Anomaly Detection for Resilient Control Systems Using Fuzzy-Neural Data Fusion Engine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ondrej Linda; Milos Manic; Timothy R. McJunkin

    2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Resilient control systems in critical infrastructures require increased cyber-security and state-awareness. One of the necessary conditions for achieving the desired high level of resiliency is timely reporting and understanding of the status and behavioral trends of the control system. This paper describes the design and development of a neural-network based data-fusion system for increased state-awareness of resilient control systems. The proposed system consists of a dedicated data-fusion engine for each component of the control system. Each data-fusion engine implements three-layered alarm system consisting of: (1) conventional threshold-based alarms, (2) anomalous behavior detector using self-organizing maps, and (3) prediction error based alarms using neural network based signal forecasting. The proposed system was integrated with a model of the Idaho National Laboratory Hytest facility, which is a testing facility for hybrid energy systems. Experimental results demonstrate that the implemented data fusion system provides timely plant performance monitoring and cyber-state reporting.

  17. ROSE::FTTransform - A Source-to-Source Translation Framework for Exascale Fault-Tolerance Research

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lidman, J; Quinlan, D; Liao, C; McKee, S

    2012-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Exascale computing systems will require sufficient resilience to tolerate numerous types of hardware faults while still assuring correct program execution. Such extreme-scale machines are expected to be dominated by processors driven at lower voltages (near the minimum 0.5 volts for current transistors). At these voltage levels, the rate of transient errors increases dramatically due to the sensitivity to transient and geographically localized voltage drops on parts of the processor chip. To achieve power efficiency, these processors are likely to be streamlined and minimal, and thus they cannot be expected to handle transient errors entirely in hardware. Here we present an open, compiler-based framework to automate the armoring of High Performance Computing (HPC) software to protect it from these types of transient processor errors. We develop an open infrastructure to support research work in this area, and we define tools that, in the future, may provide more complete automated and/or semi-automated solutions to support software resiliency on future exascale architectures. Results demonstrate that our approach is feasible, pragmatic in how it can be separated from the software development process, and reasonably efficient (0% to 30% overhead for the Jacobi iteration on common hardware; and 20%, 40%, 26%, and 2% overhead for a randomly selected subset of benchmarks from the Livermore Loops [1]).

  18. Preparation of metal-triazolate frameworks

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Yaghi, Omar M; Uribe-Romo, Fernando J; Gandara-Barragan, Felipe; Britt, David K

    2014-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The disclosure provides for novel metal-triazolate frameworks, methods of use thereof, and devices comprising the frameworks thereof.

  19. Energy Sector Cybersecurity Framework Implementation Guidance

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    DRAFT FOR PUBLIC COMMENT SEPTEMBER, 2014 ENERGY SECTOR CYBERSECURITY FRAMEWORK IMPLEMENTATION GUIDANCE Energy Sector Cybersecurity Framework Implementation Guidance Table of...

  20. Green rating tools and climate resilient buildings Understanding the role of the built environment in mitigating and adapting to climate change is

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greenaway, Alan

    1 Green rating tools and climate resilient buildings Understanding the role of the built, as the requirement for a demonstrable level of best practice performance becomes more common, such green building targets1 , as well as for the long-term resilience and viability of both new and existing buildings. So

  1. How to prevent a Normal Accident in a High Reliable Organisation? The art of resilience, a case study in the chemical industry.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    How to prevent a Normal Accident in a High Reliable Organisation? The art of resilience, a case.dupre@ish-lyon.cnrs.fr Abstract: The trend in France in the chemical industry following the Toulouse accident in 2001 has created the safety and accident field) some dimensions, for example the level of resilience (or reliability

  2. A Framework for Defining Logics 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plotkin, Gordon; Honsell, Furio; Harper, Robert

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Edinburgh Logical Framework (LF) provides a means to define (or present) logics. It is based on a general treatment of syntax, rules, and proofs by means of a typed ?-calculus with dependent types. Syntax is treated ...

  3. MANCHESTER METROPOLITAN UNIVERSITY POLICY FRAMEWORK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    AND ACADEMIC SERVICES GOVERNANCE AND SECRETARIAT TEAM POLICY FRAMEWORK AND EQUALITY IMPACT ASSESSMENT (EIA date, date EIA approved, approval body and review date. Other points to consider include: Additional

  4. UC SECURITY FRAMEWORK 2011 -2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hickman, Mark

    1 UC SECURITY FRAMEWORK 2011 - 2012 #12;2 Contents Background..................................................................................................................................4 About UC Security & Campus Community Support .................................................................5 Security Service Authority and Relationship with NZ Police and Emergency Services ...........5

  5. Sample Business Plan Framework 3

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    U.S. Department of Energy Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Sample Business Plan Framework 1: A program seeking to continue operations in the post-grant period as a not-for-profit (NGO) entity.

  6. Sample Business Plan Framework 2

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    U.S. Department of Energy Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Sample Business Plan Framework 1: A program seeking to continue operations in the post-grant period as a not-for-profit (NGO) entity.

  7. Sample Business Plan Framework 4

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    U.S. Department of Energy Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Sample Business Plan Framework 1: A program seeking to continue operations in the post-grant period as a not-for-profit (NGO) entity.

  8. Sample Business Plan Framework 1

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    U.S. Department of Energy Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Sample Business Plan Framework 1: A program seeking to continue operations in the post-grant period as a not-for-profit (NGO) entity.

  9. Vulnerability and Resilience of the Territory Concerning Risk of Dangerous Goods Transportation (DGT): Proposal of a Spatial

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Vulnerability and Resilience of the Territory Concerning Risk of Dangerous Goods Transportation.garbolino@mines-paristech.fr Each year millions of tons of Dangerous Goods are transported between France and Italy using especially for the territory Dangerous Goods Transportation (DGT) is a crucial activity that participates to the development

  10. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON NUCLEAR SCIENCE, VOL. 57, NO. 2, APRIL 2010 807 Integrated Robust and Resilient Control of Nuclear

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ray, Asok

    and Resilient Control of Nuclear Power Plants for Operational Safety and High Performance Xin Jin, Student & Secure (IRIS) simulator of nuclear power plants. Index Terms--Emergency operation, nuclear power plant Lyapunov equation. Reference Signals. Temperatures of the nuclear power plant. Sampling time. Controller

  11. Leakage-Resilient Client-side Deduplication of Encrypted Data in Cloud Storage Institute for Infocomm Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    will have only one copy in the cloud (Single Instance Storage). SNIA white paper [39] reportedLeakage-Resilient Client-side Deduplication of Encrypted Data in Cloud Storage Jia Xu Institute@comp.nus.edu.sg Jianying Zhou Institute for Infocomm Research jyzhou@i2r.a-star.edu.sg Abstract--Cloud storage service

  12. Community-based Rangeland Management and Social-Ecological Resilience in Mongolia: An Interdisciplinary Collaborative Research Planning Meeting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Community-based Rangeland Management and Social-Ecological Resilience in Mongolia Property in Typical Steppe between Inner Mongolia of China and Mongolia Yi Jin1 S.JIGJIDSUREN2 Bao Xiuxia1 Hou Xiaodong1 Wurenqimuge1 (1 College of Agronomy, Inner Mongolia Agriculture University, Hohhot

  13. Thermoelectric Activities of European Community within Framework...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    of European Community within Framework Programme 7 and additional activities in Germany Thermoelectric Activities of European Community within Framework Programme 7 and...

  14. International Framework for Nuclear Energy Cooperation (IFNEC...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    International Framework for Nuclear Energy Cooperation (IFNEC) Expert meetings in Romania International Framework for Nuclear Energy Cooperation (IFNEC) Expert meetings in Romania...

  15. UC DAVIS PHYSICAL DESIGN FRAMEWORK PHYSICAL DESIGN FRAMEWORK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    Campus Framework Strengthen the civic core 3.1 Amplify the bus/bike boulevard 3.2 Connect to the arboretum 3.3 Create identity for district centers 3.4 Connect campus entries to the greater community 3.5 4.2 Appendices 1 West Village Neighborhood Master Plan www.ormp.ucdavis.edu/environreview/lrdp.html#NMP 2 Bike

  16. Resilience Metrics

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    - CIRA will utilize existing ANL capabilities in areas such as: * High performance computing * Climate modeling * Energy systems modeling * Complex adaptive systems 2...

  17. Resilience Metrics

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOrigin ofEnergy at Waste-to-Energy usingof Enhanced Dr. Julia Phillips and Angeli Tompkins

  18. Demographic noise and resilience in a semi-arid ecosystem model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Realpe-Gomez, John; Galla, Tobias; McKane, Alan J; Rietkerk, Max

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The scarcity of water characterizing drylands forces vegetation to adopt appropriate survival strategies. Some of these generate water-vegetation feedback mechanisms that can lead to spatial self-organisation of vegetation. To date these phenomena have mostly been studied with models representing plants by a density of biomass, varying continuously in time and space. Such models disregard the discrete nature of plant individuals and their intrinsically stochastic behaviour. These features give rise to demographic noise, which can influence the qualitative dynamics of ecosystem models. In the present work we explore the effects of demographic noise on the resilience of a model semi-arid ecosystem. We introduce a spatial stochastic eco-hydrological hybrid model in which plants are modelled as discrete entities subject to stochastic dynamical rules, while the dynamics of surface and soil water are described by continuous variables. The model has a deterministic approximation very similar to previous continuous m...

  19. Measuring the Measure: A Multi-dimensional Scale Model to Measure Community Disaster Resilience in the U.S. Gulf Coast Region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mayunga, Joseph S.

    2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    by changing the variables and process that control behavior (Berkes & Folke, 1998; Gunderson et al., 2002). 12 The first definition implies an assumption of a global stability, i.e., an ecosystem has only one equilibrium or steady state. The second.... Table 2.1. Selected definitions of the concept of resilience from the field of ecology Author Definition Holling (1973) Resilience of an ecosystem is the measure of the ability of an ecosystem to absorb changes and still persist. Pimm (1984...

  20. UTS Policy Framework: Introduction 11.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    University of Technology, Sydney

    UTS Policy Framework: user guide Contents Introduction 11. TheroleofpolicywithintheUniversity 12 Policytemplate 64kbWord Directivetemplate 64kbWord Coversheets Coversheet--policies 48kbWord Coversheet--academicpolicies 48kbWord Coversheet--directives 48kbWord Policy Tools PolicyTool1:IssuesLog 60kbWord PolicyTool2

  1. Developing a Regional Recovery Framework

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lesperance, Ann M.; Olson, Jarrod; Stein, Steven L.; Clark, Rebecca; Kelly, Heather; Sheline, Jim; Tietje, Grant; Williamson, Mark; Woodcock, Jody

    2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Abstract A biological attack would present an unprecedented challenge for local, state, and federal agencies; the military; the private sector; and individuals on many fronts ranging from vaccination and treatment to prioritization of cleanup actions to waste disposal. To prepare the Seattle region to recover from a biological attack, the Seattle Urban Area Security Initiative (UASI) partners collaborated with military and federal agencies to develop a Regional Recovery Framework for a Biological Attack in the Seattle Urban Area. The goal was to reduce the time and resources required to recover and restore wide urban areas, military installations, and other critical infrastructure following a biological incident by providing a coordinated systems approach. Based on discussions in small workshops, tabletop exercises, and interviews with emergency response agency staff, the partners identified concepts of operation for various areas to address critical issues the region will face as recovery progresses. Key to this recovery is the recovery of the economy. Although the Framework is specific to a catastrophic, wide-area biological attack using anthrax, it was designed to be flexible and scalable so it could also serve as the recovery framework for an all-hazards approach. The Framework also served to coalesce policy questions that must be addressed for long-term recovery. These questions cover such areas as safety and health, security, financial management, waste management, legal issues, and economic development.

  2. Information Technology Security Assessment Framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Federal Information Technology Security Assessment Framework November 28, 2000 Prepared (NIST) Computer Security Division #12;Overview Information and the systems that process it are among and maintain a program to adequately secure its information and system assets. Agency programs must: 1) assure

  3. Gas adsorption on metal-organic frameworks

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Willis, Richard R. (Cary, IL); Low, John J. (Schaumburg, IL), Faheem, Syed A. (Huntley, IL); Benin, Annabelle I. (Oak Forest, IL); Snurr, Randall Q. (Evanston, IL); Yazaydin, Ahmet Ozgur (Evanston, IL)

    2012-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

    The present invention involves the use of certain metal organic frameworks that have been treated with water or another metal titrant in the storage of carbon dioxide. The capacity of these frameworks is significantly increased through this treatment.

  4. Technology Enhanced Interaction Framework Kewalin Angkananon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Technology Enhanced Interaction Framework Kewalin Angkananon ECS University of Southampton interaction framework to help design technology to support communication between people and improve interactions between people, technology and objects, particularly in complex situations. A review of existing

  5. Feature identification framework and applications (FIFA)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Audenaert, Michael Neal

    2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    collections that provides a general framework for applications while allowing decisions about the details of document representation and features identification to be deferred to domain specific implementations of that framework. These deferred decisions...

  6. Synthesizing framework uses from program behavior data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Zhilei

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis presents MATCHMAKER, a new synthesis tool that aims to help programmers use software frameworks by synthesizing source code needed to interact with the framework. Software engineers of today are constantly faced ...

  7. Climate change uncertainty evaluation, impacts modelling and resilience of farm scale dynamics in Scotland 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rivington, Michael

    2011-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

    evidence of how primary production components of agriculture in Scotland may change under a future climate. The work used a generic Integrated Modelling Framework to structure the following sequence of investigations: Evaluate a Regional Climate Model...

  8. Framework for SCADA Security Policy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn't YourTransport inEnergy0.pdf Flash2010-60.pdf2 DOE March, 2015 TechnologyFramework for SCADA

  9. Enabling Efficient, Responsive, and Resilient Buildings: Collaboration Between the United States and India

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Basu, Chandrayee; Ghatikar, Girish

    2013-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The United States and India have among the largest economies in the world, and they continue to work together to address current and future challenges in reliable electricity supply. The acceleration to efficient, grid-responsive, resilient buildings represents a key energy security objective for federal and state agencies in both countries. The weaknesses in the Indian grid system were manifest in 2012, in the country’s worst blackout, which jeopardized the lives of half of India’s 1.2 billion people. While both countries are investing significantly in power sector reform, India, by virtue of its colossal growth rate in commercial energy intensity and commercial floor space, is better placed than the United States to integrate and test state-of-art Smart Grid technologies in its future grid-responsive commercial buildings. This paper presents a roadmap of technical collaboration between the research organizations, and public-private stakeholders in both countries to accelerate the building-to-grid integration through pilot studies in India.

  10. Minimum State Awareness for Resilient Control Systems Under Cyber-Attack

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kisner, Roger [ORNL; Fugate, David L [ORNL; McIntyre, Timothy J [ORNL

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    State awareness for a control system is the accurate knowledge of the internal states of the system realization. To maintain stable operation, a controller requires a certain degree of state awareness. By definition, a cyber-attacker decreases the state awareness by modifying or removing the information available to the operator and control system. By doing so, the attacker can directly cause damage to the physical system through the control system, or indirectly by causing the operator to react in a damaging manner to the false information. In a number of recent papers, detection and mitigation strategies have been proposed that assume state awareness. The goal of the attacker to reduce or remove state awareness makes this assumption invalid for most situations. One of the central problems of resilient control is developing methods to retain sufficient state awareness to continue operation during a cyberattack. In this paper, we will define state awareness, discuss the consequences of loss of state awareness, and some potential research directions for maintaining state awareness.

  11. Toward resilient high performance applications through real time reliability metric generaion and autonomous failure correction

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Debardeleben, Nathan [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Chandler, Clayton [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Leangsuksun, Chokchai [LOUISIANA TECH UNIV

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    One predominant barrier encountered in furthering research and development efforts aimed at facilitating resilient HPC applications is a substantial lack of existing reliability and performance data originating from extreme-scale computing distributions. In order to develop an understanding of how and why highly scaled HPC applications are encountering increasingly frequent performance interruptions, one must conduct extensive trending and analysis on contemporary machines and their associated programs. However, existing HPC application log files are labyrinthine documents that, even with the assistance of intelligent data mining algorithms, translate poorly to human discern. In addition, conventional log filtering, processes are limited to execution within a post-mortem, reactive time period, as the enormous size of these documents prevents efficient real time interaction. Thus, there exists a strong need within the HPC field for the provision of accurate-yet-concise real time application information. Moreover, the means of reporting this data must be sufficiently lightweight and non-intrusive, as to successfully-yet-discretely attach itself to the multiple processes running on multiple cores within tens (or in some cases, hundreds) of thousands of compute nodes. Furthermore, this information should in turn be used to facilitate the autonomous correction of application-threatening faults, suspensions, and interruptions. This paper describes a dynamic application instrumentation module (utilizing a combination of Open/SpeedShop software and custom scripting) aimed at successfully achieving these goals.

  12. Synthesis and Properties of Nano Zeolitic Imidazolate Frameworks...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Properties of Nano Zeolitic Imidazolate Frameworks. Synthesis and Properties of Nano Zeolitic Imidazolate Frameworks. Abstract: Nano sized zeolitic imidazolate frameworks nZIF-8...

  13. Developpement WebFrameworks AJAX Developpement Web

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richer, Jean-Michel

    D´eveloppement WebFrameworks AJAX D´eveloppement Web Frameworks AJAX Jean-Michel Richer jean-michel.richer@univ-angers.fr http://www.info.univ-angers.fr/pub/richer 2009 1 / 27 #12;D´eveloppement WebFrameworks AJAX Objectif d´eveloppement Web et augmenter l'interactivit´e avec l'utilisateur 2 / 27 #12;D´eveloppement Web

  14. A Surrogate Management Framework Using Rigorous Trust ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Mar 24, 2011 ... gate management frameworks, both in algorithmic design and in the ... Part of this work was developed while this author was visiting.

  15. Energy Sector Cybersecurity Framework Implementation Guidance...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Technology (NIST) released a Cybersecurity Framework. DOE has collaborated with private sector stakeholders through the Electricity Subsector Coordinating Council (ESCC) and the...

  16. Draft Energy Sector Cybersecurity Framework Implementation Guidance...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Technology (NIST) released a Cybersecurity Framework. DOE has collaborated with private sector stakeholders through the Electricity Subsector Coordinating Council (ESCC) and the...

  17. Gas sensor incorporating a porous framework

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Yaghi, Omar M.; Czaja, Alexander U.; Wang, Bo; Furukawa, Hiroyasu; Galatsis, Kosmas; Wang, Kang L.

    2013-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The disclosure provides sensor for gas sensing including CO.sub.2 gas sensors comprising a porous framework sensing area for binding an analyte gas.

  18. Computational modeling of metal-organic frameworks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sung, Jeffrey Chuen-Fai; Sung, Jeffrey Chuen-Fai

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    11 1.3.1. Carbon Capture andOrganic Frameworks 1.3.1. Carbon Capture and Separation Theuseful materials for carbon capture and separation. In a

  19. A Robust Optimization Framework for Analyzing Distribution ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006-02-07T23:59:59.000Z

    a distribution system. We demonstrate that our proposed robust optimization framework is analyt- ically tractable and is computationally efficient for analyzing

  20. Energy Sector Cybersecurity Framework Implementation Guidance

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    JANUARY 2015 ENERGY SECTOR CYBERSECURITY FRAMEWORK IMPLEMENTATION GUIDANCE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OFFICE OF ELECTRICITY DELIVERY AND ENERGY RELIABILITY Energy Sector...

  1. A Conceptual Framework for Progressing Towards Sustainability...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Progressing Towards Sustainability in the Agriculture and Food Sector Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: A Conceptual Framework for Progressing Towards...

  2. Sandia National Laboratories: CAEBAT computational framework

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Sandia received funding for its "Mechanistic Modeling Framework for Predicting Extreme Battery Response: Coupled Hierarchical Models for Thermal, Mechanical, Electrical and...

  3. Preparation of metal-catecholate frameworks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yaghi, Omar M.; Gandara-Barragan, Felipe; Lu, Zheng; Wan, Shun

    2014-06-03T23:59:59.000Z

    The disclosure provides for metal catecholate frameworks, and methods of use thereof, including gas separation, gas storage, catalysis, tunable conductors, supercapacitors, and sensors.

  4. Gas sensor incorporating a porous framework

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Yaghi, Omar M; Czaja, Alexander U; Wang, Bo; Galatsis, Kosmas; Wang, Kang L; Furukawa, Hiroyasu

    2014-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

    The disclosure provides sensor for gas sensing including CO.sub.2 gas sensors comprising a porous framework sensing area for binding an analyte gas.

  5. Demand Response Valuation Frameworks Paper

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heffner, Grayson

    2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    While there is general agreement that demand response (DR) is a valued component in a utility resource plan, there is a lack of consensus regarding how to value DR. Establishing the value of DR is a prerequisite to determining how much and what types of DR should be implemented, to which customers DR should be targeted, and a key determinant that drives the development of economically viable DR consumer technology. Most approaches for quantifying the value of DR focus on changes in utility system revenue requirements based on resource plans with and without DR. This ''utility centric'' approach does not assign any value to DR impacts that lower energy and capacity prices, improve reliability, lower system and network operating costs, produce better air quality, and provide improved customer choice and control. Proper valuation of these benefits requires a different basis for monetization. The review concludes that no single methodology today adequately captures the wide range of benefits and value potentially attributed to DR. To provide a more comprehensive valuation approach, current methods such as the Standard Practice Method (SPM) will most likely have to be supplemented with one or more alternative benefit-valuation approaches. This report provides an updated perspective on the DR valuation framework. It includes an introduction and four chapters that address the key elements of demand response valuation, a comprehensive literature review, and specific research recommendations.

  6. Cellular Energy Efficiency Evaluation Framework (Invited Paper)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stevenson, Paul

    Cellular Energy Efficiency Evaluation Framework (Invited Paper) Gunther Auer, Vito Giannini, Istv, the power consumption of the entire system needs to be captured and an appropriate energy efficiency evaluation frameworks are discussed, such that the energy efficiency of the entire network comprising

  7. Freight Analysis Framework version 3 (FAF3)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freight Analysis Framework version 3 (FAF3) Oak Ridge National Laboratory managed by UT Technologies Research Brief T he Freight Analysis Framework version 3 (FAF3) database is a Federal Highway data to enable users to perform train analysis. FAF3 Geography Figure 1 shows the analysis regions

  8. A FRAMEWORK FOR MEASURING SUPERCOMPUTER PRODUCTIVITY1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bader, David A.

    A FRAMEWORK FOR MEASURING SUPERCOMPUTER PRODUCTIVITY1 10/30/2003 Marc Snir2 and David A. Bader3 Abstract We propose a framework for measuring the productivity of High Performance Computing (HPC) systems, based on common economic definitions of productivity and on Utility Theory. We discuss how

  9. A Transmission Control Framework Continuous Media

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Whitton, Mary C.

    Rights Reserved #12;ABSTRACT A Transmission Control Framework for Continuous Media (Under the directionA Transmission Control Framework for Continuous Media by Terry Michael Talley A dissertation by integrating real-time two-way audio and video with the computer system. Unfortunately, the quality of video

  10. Porous Materials -Metal-Organic Frameworks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tsymbal, Evgeny Y.

    ShellsSnow Coral SoilBoneLungs Lemons #12;Artificial Porous Materials Insulation Cake Concrete BreadPorous Materials -Metal-Organic Frameworks 2012 Nanocamp NCMN, UNL Dr. Jian Zhang & Jacob Johnson-organic Frameworks Porous polymer networks #12;Porous Materials in Nature Sandstones Sea Sponge Butterfly Wings Egg

  11. Cambridge University Library Collection Development Policy framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cambridge, University of

    importance by stating that it will continue its cultural heritage role as a National Research LibraryCambridge University Library Collection Development Policy framework 1. Scope This policy is intended as a framework to guide collection development in Cambridge University Library and its affiliated

  12. Bibliography on Logical Frameworks Frank Pfenning

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pfenning, Frank

    is a formal meta-language for deductive systems. The pri* *mary tasks sup- ported in logical frameworks, New Jersey, Jul* *y 1996. IEEE Computer Society Press. [7]Penny Anderson. Program Derivation as Technical Report CMU-CS-93-206. [8]Penny Anderson. Program extraction in a logical framework setting

  13. 2008 Forestry-related Legislation in Colorado The state of Colorado values healthy, resilient forest landscapes and is willing to invest

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008 Forestry-related Legislation in Colorado The state of Colorado values healthy, resilient and value of Colorado's forests. At the time this report was written, several forestry-related bills were related to the WUI, fuels mitigation, fire fighting, bark beetle mortality and incentives for forestry

  14. The Resilience of the Indian Economy to Rising Oil Prices as a Validation Test for a Global Energy-Environment-Economy CGE Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    as on how short-term mechanisms ­ and policy action ­ can smooth the negative impacts of energy price shocks1 The Resilience of the Indian Economy to Rising Oil Prices as a Validation Test for a Global Energy-Environment-Economy CGE Model Céline Guivarcha, * , Stéphane Hallegattea,b , Renaud Crassousa

  15. It is often difficult to come up with metrics to describe the resiliency of a cyber system. We might feel a system is in a good

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Contingency Analysis Tool for Electric Power Grids Each Account Has Access to Files with Different compromised or disabled? A similar problem exists with power systems. To deal with this, power grid operators, methodologies, and algorithms that will enable a resilient cyber infrastructure with an asymmetric advantage

  16. UK Oil and Gas Collaborative Doctoral Training Centre (2014 start) Project Title: Evaluating the resilience of deepwater systems to recover from oil spills

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henderson, Gideon

    UK Oil and Gas Collaborative Doctoral Training Centre (2014 start) Project Title: Evaluating the resilience of deepwater systems to recover from oil spills Host institution: Heriot-Watt University Gatliff (BGS), Jeffrey Polton (NOC), Alejandro Gallego and Eileen Bresnan (MSS). Project description: Oil

  17. A global framework for scene gist

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Greene, Michelle R

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Human observers are able to rapidly and accurately categorize natural scenes, but the representation mediating this feat is still unknown. Here we propose a framework of rapid scene categorization that does not segment a ...

  18. Thiophene-based covalent organic frameworks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertrand, Guillaume

    We report the synthesis and characterization of covalent organic frameworks (COFs) incorporating thiophene-based building blocks. We show that these are amenable to reticular synthesis, and that bent ditopic monomers, such ...

  19. A framework for technology forecasting and visualization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woon, Wei Lee

    This paper presents a novel framework for supporting the development of well-informed research policies and plans. The proposed methodology is based on the use of bibliometrics; i.e., analysis is conducted using information ...

  20. A Framework for Technology Forecasting and Visualization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woon, Wei Lee

    This paper presents a novel framework for supporting the development of well-informed research policies and plans. The proposed methodology is based on the use of bibliometrics; i.e., analysis is conducted using information ...

  1. Constructibility review process framework for transportation facilities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liman, Majed

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    is performed as a completely separate phase. Changes in key players occur once the project is awarded to the contractor. Contractors have little or no opportunity to provide input to planners and designers. The framework developed in this research consists...

  2. CAFE : a framework for cell application development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammer, Joseph Keith

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    no less. Third, CAFE is non-intrusive. One of the originala lightweight, flexible, and non-intrusive framework thatCAFE’s effectiveness and non-intrusive nature in a sizable

  3. Knowledge Discovery Framework for the Virtual Observatory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Brian; Huang, Zenping; Teuben, Peter

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We describe a framework that allows a scientist-user to easily query for information across all Virtual Observatory (VO) repositories and pull it back for analysis. This framework hides the gory details of meta-data remediation and data formatting from the user, allowing them to get on with search, retrieval and analysis of VO data as if they were drawn from a single source using a science based terminology rather than a data-centric one.

  4. SciTech Connect: Metal-Organic Framework Templated Inorganic...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Metal-Organic Framework Templated Inorganic Sorbents for Rapid and Efficient Extraction of Heavy Metals Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Metal-Organic Framework Templated...

  5. International Framework for Nuclear Energy Cooperation to Hold...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    International Framework for Nuclear Energy Cooperation to Hold Ministerial-Level Meeting Sept. 29 in Warsaw, Poland International Framework for Nuclear Energy Cooperation to Hold...

  6. assessment framework: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2 Approach & Implementation Basically, the NAVTAG framework consist of three Hammerton, James 17 COMMENT Addressing a critique of the TEASI framework for invasive species risk...

  7. assessment framework meraf: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    2 Approach & Implementation Basically, the NAVTAG framework consist of three Hammerton, James 17 COMMENT Addressing a critique of the TEASI framework for invasive species risk...

  8. A preliminary analysis of Cyclops Tensor Framework Edgar Solomonik

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    A preliminary analysis of Cyclops Tensor Framework Edgar Solomonik Jeff Hammond James Demmel prior specific permission. #12;A preliminary analysis of Cyclops Tensor Framework Edgar Solomonik Univ

  9. Agent-based Cyber Control Strategy Design for Resilient Control Systems: Concepts, Architecture and Methodologies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Craig Rieger; Milos Manic; Miles McQueen

    2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The implementation of automated regulatory control has been around since the middle of the last century through analog means. It has allowed engineers to operate the plant more consistently by focusing on overall operations and settings instead of individual monitoring of local instruments (inside and outside of a control room). A similar approach is proposed for cyber security, where current border-protection designs have been inherited from information technology developments that lack consideration of the high-reliability, high consequence nature of industrial control systems. Instead of an independent development, however, an integrated approach is taken to develop a holistic understanding of performance. This performance takes shape inside a multiagent design, which provides a notional context to model highly decentralized and complex industrial process control systems, the nervous system of critical infrastructure. The resulting strategy will provide a framework for researching solutions to security and unrecognized interdependency concerns with industrial control systems.

  10. Robust diffusion imaging framework for clinical studies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maximov, Ivan I; Neuner, Irene; Shah, N Jon

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Clinical diffusion imaging requires short acquisition times and good image quality to permit its use in various medical applications. In turn, these demands require the development of a robust and efficient post-processing framework in order to guarantee useful and reliable results. However, multiple artefacts abound in in vivo measurements; from either subject such as cardiac pulsation, bulk head motion, respiratory motion and involuntary tics and tremor, or imaging hardware related problems, such as table vibrations, etc. These artefacts can severely degrade the resulting images and render diffusion analysis difficult or impossible. In order to overcome these problems, we developed a robust and efficient framework enabling the use of initially corrupted images from a clinical study. At the heart of this framework is an improved least trimmed squares diffusion tensor estimation algorithm that works well with severely degraded datasets with low signal-to-noise ratio. This approach has been compared with other...

  11. A distributed requirements management framework for legal compliance and accountability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Breaux, Travis D.

    lifecycle. We illustrate the framework within the context of a concrete healthcare scenario in which

  12. A Bayesian Framework for Combining Valuation Estimates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kenton K. Yee

    2007-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Obtaining more accurate equity value estimates is the starting point for stock selection, value-based indexing in a noisy market, and beating benchmark indices through tactical style rotation. Unfortunately, discounted cash flow, method of comparables, and fundamental analysis typically yield discrepant valuation estimates. Moreover, the valuation estimates typically disagree with market price. Can one form a superior valuation estimate by averaging over the individual estimates, including market price? This article suggests a Bayesian framework for combining two or more estimates into a superior valuation estimate. The framework justifies the common practice of averaging over several estimates to arrive at a final point estimate.

  13. A Bayesian Framework for Combining Valuation Estimates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yee, Kenton K

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Obtaining more accurate equity value estimates is the starting point for stock selection, value-based indexing in a noisy market, and beating benchmark indices through tactical style rotation. Unfortunately, discounted cash flow, method of comparables, and fundamental analysis typically yield discrepant valuation estimates. Moreover, the valuation estimates typically disagree with market price. Can one form a superior valuation estimate by averaging over the individual estimates, including market price? This article suggests a Bayesian framework for combining two or more estimates into a superior valuation estimate. The framework justifies the common practice of averaging over several estimates to arrive at a final point estimate.

  14. TIUPAM: A Framework for Trustworthiness-centric

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandhu, Ravi

    at San Antonio Joint work with Qun Ni and Elisa Bertino (Purdue Univ.) Ravi Sandhu (Univ. Texas at San, Usage, Provenance, and Attack Management (TIUPAM) Four supporting components: Identity management Usage management Provenance management Attack management The framework is centered at the need

  15. Integrated Compliance Framework for Data Processing Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vil, Jé an

    2009-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Framework for Data Processing Applications? that leverages industry best practices like the Control Objectives for Information and related Technology (COBIT), the Information Technology Infrastructure Library (ITIL), the International Organization.... Information Technology Infrastructure Library (ITIL) ITIL provides a systematic approach to the management of information technology service provision. It is the only consistent and comprehensive documentation of best practice for information technology...

  16. Flexible Framework for Building Energy Analysis: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hale, E.; Macumber, D.; Weaver, E.; Shekhar, D.

    2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the building energy research and advanced practitioner communities, building models are perturbed across large parameter spaces to assess energy and cost performance in the face of programmatic and economic constraints. This paper describes the OpenStudio software framework for performing such analyses.

  17. A Theoretical Framework for Chimera Domain Decomposition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keeling, Stephen L.

    A Theoretical Framework for Chimera Domain Decomposition S. L. Keeling Sverdrup Technology, Inc. Steger, UC Davis, May 2-4, 1997. 1 Introduction. The Chimera scheme is a domain decomposition method- ometry is divided into simply shaped regions. Unlike other approaches [5], the Chimera method simplifies

  18. Power Systems Stability Control : Reinforcement Learning Framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wehenkel, Louis

    1 Power Systems Stability Control : Reinforcement Learning Framework Damien Ernst, Member, IEEE systems. We describe some challenges in power system control and discuss how some of those challenges with the real power system and the off-line mode in which the interaction occurs with a simulation model

  19. A Statistical Framework for Spatial Comparative Genomics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A Statistical Framework for Spatial Comparative Genomics Rose Hoberman May 2007 CMU-CS-07, or the U.S. Government. #12;Keywords: spatial comparative genomics, comparative genomics, gene clusters, max-gap clusters, gene teams, whole genome duplication, paralogons, synteny, ortholog detection #12

  20. UTS GRADUATE PROFILE FRAMEWORK August 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    University of Technology, Sydney

    UTS GRADUATE PROFILE FRAMEWORK August 2011 Approved by Academic Board (AB 11.79.2) meeting 11. What is a UTS Graduate Profile Each course (or suite of courses) at UTS will have a graduate profile that describes the intended capability of a graduate from the course. The graduate profile includes the graduate

  1. Proton++: A Customizable Declarative Multitouch Framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Irvine, University of

    Proton++: A Customizable Declarative Multitouch Framework Kenrick Kin1,2 Bj¨orn Hartmann1 Tony DeRose2 Maneesh Agrawala1 1 University of California, Berkeley 2 Pixar Animation Studios ABSTRACT Proton- sions of touch event symbols. It builds on the Proton frame- work by allowing developers to incorporate

  2. The Reactor An ObjectOriented Framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmidt, Douglas C.

    The Reactor An Object­Oriented Framework for Event Demultiplexing and Event Handler Dispatching Douglas C. Schmidt 1 Overview ffl The Reactor is an object­oriented frame­ work that encapsulates OS event demul­ tiplexing mechanisms -- e.g., the Reactor API runs transparently atop both Wait

  3. Client logo A Framework for Character

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Birmingham, University of

    Client logo A Framework for Character Education Jubilee Centre Parents' survey #12;Client logo 84 disagree. #12;Client logo The skills and tools that parents would most like their child to gain from school. Only 5% disagree. #12;Client logo The vast majority of parents believe that schools should have

  4. Report for the ASC CSSE L2 Milestone (4873) - Demonstration of Local Failure Local Recovery Resilient Programming Model.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Heroux, Michael A.; Teranishi, Keita [Sandia National Laboratories, Livermore, CA

    2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recovery from process loss during the execution of a distributed memory parallel application is presently achieved by restarting the program, typically from a checkpoint file. Future computer system trends indicate that the size of data to checkpoint, the lack of improvement in parallel file system performance and the increase in process failure rates will lead to situations where checkpoint restart becomes infeasible. In this report we describe and prototype the use of a new application level resilient computing model that manages persistent storage of local state for each process such that, if a process fails, recovery can be performed locally without requiring access to a global checkpoint file. LFLR provides application developers with an ability to recover locally and continue application execution when a process is lost. This report discusses what features are required from the hardware, OS and runtime layers, and what approaches application developers might use in the design of future codes, including a demonstration of LFLR-enabled MiniFE code from the Matenvo mini-application suite.

  5. A software framework for image processing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garren, D.A. [Raytheon E-Systems, Garland Operations, TX (United States)

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    There exists a great potential for the development of customizable image processing software that accommodates a wide variety of customers and applications. Such software would be able to read and process the many common image file formats, in addition to allowing the incorporation of those that have been custom made. Furthermore, the software would have the ability to handle the infinite variety of accompanying support files, which can contain quite different information for various applications and customers. A software framework designed to read and process this wide variety of input image files and support files would be extremely valuable. This paper develops the foundation of this proposed software architecture by using a composite of several common design patterns. Any similar software framework required to process input information and corresponding algorithms can benefit from the exposition of these composite design structures.

  6. Knowledge Framework Implementation with Multiple Architectures - 13090

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Upadhyay, H.; Lagos, L.; Quintero, W.; Shoffner, P. [Applied Research Center, Florida International University, Miami, FL 33174 (United States)] [Applied Research Center, Florida International University, Miami, FL 33174 (United States); DeGregory, J. [Office of D and D and Facility Engineering, Environmental Management, Department of Energy (United States)] [Office of D and D and Facility Engineering, Environmental Management, Department of Energy (United States)

    2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Multiple kinds of knowledge management systems are operational in public and private enterprises, large and small organizations with a variety of business models that make the design, implementation and operation of integrated knowledge systems very difficult. In recent days, there has been a sweeping advancement in the information technology area, leading to the development of sophisticated frameworks and architectures. These platforms need to be used for the development of integrated knowledge management systems which provides a common platform for sharing knowledge across the enterprise, thereby reducing the operational inefficiencies and delivering cost savings. This paper discusses the knowledge framework and architecture that can be used for the system development and its application to real life need of nuclear industry. A case study of deactivation and decommissioning (D and D) is discussed with the Knowledge Management Information Tool platform and framework. D and D work is a high priority activity across the Department of Energy (DOE) complex. Subject matter specialists (SMS) associated with DOE sites, the Energy Facility Contractors Group (EFCOG) and the D and D community have gained extensive knowledge and experience over the years in the cleanup of the legacy waste from the Manhattan Project. To prevent the D and D knowledge and expertise from being lost over time from the evolving and aging workforce, DOE and the Applied Research Center (ARC) at Florida International University (FIU) proposed to capture and maintain this valuable information in a universally available and easily usable system. (authors)

  7. An Optimization Framework for Driver Feedback Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Malikopoulos, Andreas [ORNL; Aguilar, Juan P. [Georgia Institute of Technology

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Modern vehicles have sophisticated electronic control units that can control engine operation with discretion to balance fuel economy, emissions, and power. These control units are designed for specific driving conditions (e.g., different speed profiles for highway and city driving). However, individual driving styles are different and rarely match the specific driving conditions for which the units were designed. In the research reported here, we investigate driving-style factors that have a major impact on fuel economy and construct an optimization framework to optimize individual driving styles with respect to these driving factors. In this context, we construct a set of polynomial metamodels to reflect the responses produced in fuel economy by changing the driving factors. Then, we compare the optimized driving styles to the original driving styles and evaluate the effectiveness of the optimization framework. Finally, we use this proposed framework to develop a real-time feedback system, including visual instructions, to enable drivers to alter their driving styles in response to actual driving conditions to improve fuel efficiency.

  8. An Information Fusion Framework for Threat Assessment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beaver, Justin M [ORNL; Kerekes, Ryan A [ORNL; Treadwell, Jim N [ORNL

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Modern enterprises are becoming increasingly sensitive to the potential destructive power of small groups or individuals with malicious intent. In response, significant investments are being made in developing a means to assess the likelihood of certain threats to their enterprises. Threat assessment needs are typically focused in very specific application areas where current processes rely heavily on human analysis to both combine any available data and draw conclusions about the probability of a threat. A generic approach to threat assessment is proposed, including a threat taxonomy and decision-level information fusion framework, that provides a computational means for merging multi-modal data for the purpose of assessing the presence of a threat. The framework is designed for flexibility, and intentionally accounts for the accuracy of each data source, given the environmental conditions, in order to manage the uncertainty associated with any acquired data. The taxonomy and information fusion framework is described, and discussed in the context of real-world applications such as shipping container security and cyber security.

  9. A framework for delay emulation of large-scale internetworks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Venkata, Shravan Rangaraju

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . The framework models and dynamically adapts the test traffic according to the network delay characteristics observed on the Internet in real-time. The proposed framework consists of three main modules: Virtual Host Configuration Module, Delay Estimator...

  10. An Interactive Visual Analytics Framework for Multi-Field Data...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Interactive Visual Analytics Framework for Multi-Field Data in a Geo-Spatial Context. An Interactive Visual Analytics Framework for Multi-Field Data in a Geo-Spatial Context....

  11. Drive-access transit : a regional analytical framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sorensen, James B

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A framework for analyzing drive-access transit at a regional level is developed in this research. This framework is intended primarily for in-house use by regional transit agencies, yet has implications for the regional ...

  12. actor based framework: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Summary: The notion of assumption-based framework generalises and refines the use of abduction to give a formalisation of non-monotonic reasoning. In this framework, a sentence is...

  13. A framework for sustainable buildings : an application to China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ospelt, Christoph, 1970-

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A framework has been established to discuss the different topics of Sustainability in the context of buildings. The framework includes the dimensions of time and space and the dimensions of ecology, society, and economy. ...

  14. A hybrid parallel framework for computational solid mechanics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fidkowski, Piotr

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A novel, hybrid parallel C++ framework for computational solid mechanics is developed and presented. The modular and extensible design of this framework allows it to support a wide variety of numerical schemes including ...

  15. A decision making framework for cruise ship design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Katsoufis, George P. (George Paraskevas)

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis develops a new decision making framework for initial cruise ship design. Through review of effectiveness analysis and multi-criteria decision making, a uniform philosophy is created to articulate a framework ...

  16. Edinburgh Research Explorer Strengthening conceptual foundations: Analysing frameworks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Millar, Andrew J.

    for ecosystem services and poverty alleviation research Citation for published version: Fisher, JA, Patenaude, G foundations: Analysing frameworks for ecosystem services and poverty alleviation research' Global: Analysing frameworks for ecosystem services and poverty alleviation research§ Janet A. Fisher a

  17. Particle Tracking and Simulation on the .NET Framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nishimura, Hiroshi; Scarvie, Tom

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    can use IronPython[10] to access .NET assemblies directly atTRACKING AND SIMULATION ON THE .NET FRAMEWORK * H. Nishimurathe effectiveness of the .NET framework by converting a C++

  18. A Framework for Dynamizing Succinct Data Structures (Extended Abstract)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gupta, Ankur; Hon, Wing-Kai; Shah, Rahul; Vitter, Jeffrey Scott

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a framework to dynamize succinct data structures, to encourage their use over non-succinct versions in a wide variety of important application areas. Our framework can dynamize most stateof- the-art succinct data structures...

  19. analysis framework taf: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    decisions. Micha? Antkiewicz; Krzysztof Czarnecki; Matthew Stephan 313 Sustainability Framework 1 Queen's University Computer Technologies and Information Sciences Websites...

  20. A Crowdsourceable QoE Evaluation Framework for Multimedia Content

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Sheng-Wei

    A Crowdsourceable QoE Evaluation Framework for Multimedia Content Kuan-Ta Chen12 , Chen-Chi Wu3 a crowdsourceable framework to quantify the QoE of multimedia content. The advantages of our framework over. INTRODUCTION To provide better service quality for users, multimedia and network researchers endeavor

  1. Security Requirements Engineering: A Framework for Representation and Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nuseibeh, Bashar

    Security Requirements Engineering: A Framework for Representation and Analysis Charles B. Haley Abstract--This paper presents a framework for security requirements elicitation and analysis. The framework is based on constructing a context for the system, representing security requirements as constraints

  2. Component-based Situational Methods A framework for understanding SME

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Draft copy Component-based Situational Methods A framework for understanding SME Yves-Roger Nehan Engineering (SME) which focuses on project-specific method construction. We propose a faceted framework to understand and classify issues in system development SME. The framework identifies four different

  3. User Guide for Jitter-tolerant Framework 1 Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    User Guide for Jitter-tolerant Framework 1 Introduction This brief user guide is for researchers and scientists to use our jitter-tolerant framework for time-stepped applications. The jitter-tolerant framework ID, please execute ec2-describe-images -a | grep Jitter This command returns a single line in which

  4. Policy Framework Policy Commencement Date: 14 March 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Policy Framework Policy Commencement Date: 14 March 2012 Category: Strategic Management 1. PURPOSE To manage the development and maintenance of a robust and responsive policy framework that aligns the University's practices with its strategic objectives. 2. POLICY STATEMENT The Policy Framework consists

  5. Records Management Framework Policy Version 1.0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aickelin, Uwe

    and guidance materials provided to them by the Records Manager and for acting as the first point of contactRecords Management Framework Policy Version 1.0 Last amended: 01 September 2014 1. Introduction The Records Management Framework, or `RM Framework', is a network of Records Officers who will support

  6. Site Transition Framework | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels DataDepartment of Energy Your Density Isn'tOriginEducationVideo »UsageSecretary of EnergyFocus GroupSherrellHanford SiteDepartmentFramework

  7. Nanoheterostructure Cation Exchange: Anionic Framework Conservation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jain, Prashant K.; Amirav, Lilac; Aloni, Shaul; Alivisatos, A. Paul

    2010-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

    In ionic nanocrystals the cationic sub-lattice can be replaced with a different metal ion via a fast, simple, and reversible place-exchange, allowing post-synthetic modification of the composition of the nanocrystal, while preserving its size and shape. Here, we demonstrate for the first time that during such an exchange, the anionic framework of the crystal is preserved. When applied to nanoheterostructures, this phenomenon ensures that compositional interfaces within the heterostructure are conserved throughout the transformation. For instance, a morphology composed of a CdSe nanocrystal embedded in a CdS rod (CdSe/CdS) was exchanged to a PbSe/PbS nanorod via a Cu2Se/Cu2S structure. During every exchange cycle, the seed size and position within the nanorod were preserved, as evident by excitonic features, Z-contrast imaging, and elemental line-scans. Anionic framework conservation extends the domain of cation exchange to the design of more complex and unique nanostructures.

  8. SDS: A Framework for Scientific Data Services

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dong, Bin; Byna, Surendra; Wu, Kesheng

    2013-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Large-scale scientific applications typically write their data to parallel file systems with organizations designed to achieve fast write speeds. Analysis tasks frequently read the data in a pattern that is different from the write pattern, and therefore experience poor I/O performance. In this paper, we introduce a prototype framework for bridging the performance gap between write and read stages of data access from parallel file systems. We call this framework Scientific Data Services, or SDS for short. This initial implementation of SDS focuses on reorganizing previously written files into data layouts that benefit read patterns, and transparently directs read calls to the reorganized data. SDS follows a client-server architecture. The SDS Server manages partial or full replicas of reorganized datasets and serves SDS Clients' requests for data. The current version of the SDS client library supports HDF5 programming interface for reading data. The client library intercepts HDF5 calls and transparently redirects them to the reorganized data. The SDS client library also provides a querying interface for reading part of the data based on user-specified selective criteria. We describe the design and implementation of the SDS client-server architecture, and evaluate the response time of the SDS Server and the performance benefits of SDS.

  9. Periodic relativity: basic framework of the theory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vikram H. Zaveri

    2014-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

    An alternative gravity theory is proposed which does not rely on Riemannian geometry and geodesic trajectories. The theory named periodic relativity (PR) does not use the weak field approximation and allows every two body system to deviate differently from the flat Minkowski metric. PR differs from general relativity (GR) in predictions of the proper time intervals of distant objects. PR proposes a definite connection between the proper time interval of an object and gravitational frequency shift of its constituent particles as the object travels through the gravitational field. PR is based on the dynamic weak equivalence principle which equates the gravitational mass with the relativistic mass. PR provides very accurate solutions for the Pioneer anomaly and the rotation curves of galaxies outside the framework of general relativity. PR satisfies Einstein's field equations with respect to the three major GR tests within the solar system and with respect to the derivation of Friedmann equation in cosmology. This article defines the underlying framework of the theory.

  10. Metal Organic Framework Research: High Throughput Discovery of Robust Metal Organic Framework for CO2 Capture

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    IMPACCT Project: LBNL is developing a method for identifying the best metal organic frameworks for use in capturing CO2 from the flue gas of coal-fired power plants. Metal organic frameworks are porous, crystalline compounds that, based on their chemical structure, vary considerably in terms of their capacity to grab hold of passing CO2 molecules and their ability to withstand the harsh conditions found in the gas exhaust of coal-fired power plants. Owing primarily to their high tunability, metal organic frameworks can have an incredibly wide range of different chemical and physical properties, so identifying the best to use for CO2 capture and storage can be a difficult task. LBNL uses high-throughput instrumentation to analyze nearly 100 materials at a time, screening them for the characteristics that optimize their ability to selectively adsorb CO2 from coal exhaust. Their work will identify the most promising frameworks and accelerate their large-scale commercial development to benefit further research into reducing the cost of CO2 capture and storage.

  11. Lagrangian Variational Framework for Boundary Value Problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander Figotin; Guillermo Reyes

    2014-07-29T23:59:59.000Z

    A boundary value problem is commonly associated with constraints imposed on a system at its boundary. We advance here an alternative point of view treating the system as interacting "boundary" and "interior" subsystems. This view is implemented through a Lagrangian framework that allows to account for (i) a variety of forces including dissipative acting at the boundary; (ii) a multitude of features of interactions between the boundary and the interior fields when the boundary fields may differ from the boundary limit of the interior fields; (iii) detailed pictures of the energy distribution and its flow; (iv) linear and nonlinear effects. We provide a number of elucidating examples of the structured boundary and its interactions with the system interior. We also show that the proposed approach covers the well known boundary value problems.

  12. Risk assessment as a framework for decisions.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rechard, Robert Paul; McKenna, Sean Andrew; Borns, David James

    2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The risk assessment approach has been applied to support numerous radioactive waste management activities over the last 30 years. A risk assessment methodology provides a solid and readily adaptable framework for evaluating the risks of CO2 sequestration in geologic formations to prioritize research, data collection, and monitoring schemes. This paper reviews the tasks of a risk assessment, and provides a few examples related to each task. This paper then describes an application of sensitivity analysis to identify important parameters to reduce the uncertainty in the performance of a geologic repository for radioactive waste repository, which because of importance of the geologic barrier, is similar to CO2 sequestration. The paper ends with a simple stochastic analysis of idealized CO2 sequestration site with a leaking abandoned well and a set of monitoring wells in an aquifer above the CO2 sequestration unit in order to evaluate the efficacy of monitoring wells to detect adverse leakage.

  13. A general framework for complete positivity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jason M. Dominy; Alireza Shabani; Daniel A. Lidar

    2015-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Complete positivity of quantum dynamics is often viewed as a litmus test for physicality, yet it is well known that correlated initial states need not give rise to completely positive evolutions. This observation spurred numerous investigations over the past two decades attempting to identify necessary and sufficient conditions for complete positivity. Here we describe a complete and consistent mathematical framework for the discussion and analysis of complete positivity for correlated initial states of open quantum systems. This formalism is built upon a few simple axioms and is sufficiently general to contain all prior methodologies going back to Pechakas, PRL (1994). The key observation is that initial system-bath states with the same reduced state on the system must evolve under all admissible unitary operators to system-bath states with the same reduced state on the system, in order to ensure that the induced dynamical maps on the system are well-defined. Once this consistency condition is imposed, related concepts like the assignment map and the dynamical maps are uniquely defined. In general, the dynamical maps may not be applied to arbitrary system states, but only to those in an appropriately defined physical domain. We show that the constrained nature of the problem gives rise to not one but three inequivalent types of complete positivity. Using this framework we elucidate the limitations of recent attempts to provide conditions for complete positivity using quantum discord and the quantum data-processing inequality. The problem remains open, and may require fresh perspectives and new mathematical tools. The formalism presented herein may be one step in that direction.

  14. A framework for benchmarking land models

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Luo, Yiqi; Randerson, J.; Abramowitz, G.; Bacour, C.; Blyth, E.; Carvalhais, N.; Ciais, Philippe; Dalmonech, D.; Fisher, J.B.; Fisher, R.; Friedlingstein, P.; Hibbard, Kathleen A.; Hoffman, F. M.; Huntzinger, Deborah; Jones, C.; Koven, C.; Lawrence, David M.; Li, D.J.; Mahecha, M.; Niu, S.L.; Norby, Richard J.; Piao, S.L.; Qi, X.; Peylin, P.; Prentice, I.C.; Riley, William; Reichstein, M.; Schwalm, C.; Wang, Y.; Xia, J. Y.; Zaehle, S.; Zhou, X. H.

    2012-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Land models, which have been developed by the modeling community in the past few decades to predict future states of ecosystems and climate, have to be critically evaluated for their performance skills of simulating ecosystem responses and feedback to climate change. Benchmarking is an emerging procedure to measure performance of models against a set of defined standards. This paper proposes a benchmarking framework for evaluation of land model performances and, meanwhile, highlights major challenges at this infant stage of benchmark analysis. The framework includes (1) targeted aspects of model performance to be evaluated, (2) a set of benchmarks as defined references to test model performance, (3) metrics to measure and compare performance skills among models so as to identify model strengths and deficiencies, and (4) model improvement. Land models are required to simulate exchange of water, energy, carbon and sometimes other trace gases between the atmosphere and land surface, and should be evaluated for their simulations of biophysical processes, biogeochemical cycles, and vegetation dynamics in response to climate change across broad temporal and spatial scales. Thus, one major challenge is to select and define a limited number of benchmarks to effectively evaluate land model performance. The second challenge is to develop metrics of measuring mismatches between models and benchmarks. The metrics may include (1) a priori thresholds of acceptable model performance and (2) a scoring system to combine data–model mismatches for various processes at different temporal and spatial scales. The benchmark analyses should identify clues of weak model performance to guide future development, thus enabling improved predictions of future states of ecosystems and climate. The near-future research effort should be on development of a set of widely acceptable benchmarks that can be used to objectively, effectively, and reliably evaluate fundamental properties of land models to improve their prediction performance skills.

  15. Jones PJS, Qiu W & De Santo EM (2013) Governing marine protected areas: social-ecological resilience through institutional diversity. Marine Policy, 41, 5-13 -doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2012.12.026

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Peter JS

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of different incentives ­ economic, interpretative, knowledge, legal and participative ­ employed to address-led), resilience in MPA governance systems derives from employing a diversity of inter-connected incentives of strong driving forces, rather than relying on particular types of incentives and institutions

  16. AFTER A Framework for electrical power sysTems vulnerability...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    sysTems vulnerability identification, dEfense and Restoration (Smart Grid Project) (Germany) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name AFTER A Framework for electrical power...

  17. adaptable component frameworks: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    of QUA, we describe the integration of an advanced component model technology, the FRACTAL component model, with the QUA framework. Our experience from this exercise shows that...

  18. A Framework for Connecting Natural Language and Symbol Sense ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rachael Kenney

    2013-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

    system (CAS) calculators, they made claims that the components should be the same when working without technology. Kenney (2008) has used the framework

  19. Transaction-Based Building Controls Framework, Volume 1: Reference Guide

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Somasundaram, Sriram; Pratt, Robert G.; Akyol, Bora A.; Fernandez, Nicholas; Foster, Nikolas AF; Katipamula, Srinivas; Mayhorn, Ebony T.; Somani, Abhishek; Steckley, Andrew C.; Taylor, Zachary T.

    2014-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

    This document proposes a framework concept to achieve the objectives of raising buildings’ efficiency and energy savings potential benefitting building owners and operators. We call it a transaction-based framework, wherein mutually-beneficial and cost-effective market-based transactions can be enabled between multiple players across different domains. Transaction-based building controls are one part of the transactional energy framework. While these controls realize benefits by enabling automatic, market-based intra-building efficiency optimizations, the transactional energy framework provides similar benefits using the same market -based structure, yet on a larger scale and beyond just buildings, to the society at large.

  20. COMMUNICATION TO THE EDITOR A Restructured Framework for Modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daugulis, Andrew J.

    COMMUNICATION TO THE EDITOR A Restructured Framework for Modeling Oxygen Transfer in Two: This communication proposes a mechanistic modification to a recently published method for analyzing oxygen mass

  1. Tool Kit Framework: Small Town University Energy Program (STEP)

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Tool Kit Framework: Small Town University Energy Program (STEP), as posted on the U.S. Department of Energy's Better Buildings Neighborhood Program website.

  2. adaptive bin framework: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Lin, Lin; Ying, Lexing; E, Weinan 2011-01-01 163 Multifractal Diffusion Entropy Analysis: Optimal Bin Width of Probability Histograms CERN Preprints Summary: In the framework...

  3. Enterprise performance measurement system : metric design framework and tools

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Teo, Kai Siang

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Existing metric selection methodologies and performance measurement frameworks provide practicing managers with good checklists and tools to evaluate and design their enterprise performance measurement systems (EPMS) and ...

  4. Rethinking the Cyber Threat A Framework and Path Forward

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bernstein, Phil

    Rethinking the Cyber Threat A Framework and Path Forward SCOTT CHARNEY Corporate Vice President ..................................................................................................................................................5 Understanding the Cyber Threat .................................................................................................................5 Rethinking the Cyber Threat

  5. A Scalable Framework for Cyber Attack Discovery and Situational...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Scalable Framework for Cyber Attack Discovery and Situational Understanding (SITU) May 15, 2013 Problem Statement: Cyber attacks cost commercial and governmental organizations vast...

  6. An Initial Value of Information (VOI) Framework for Geophysical...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    of Geothermal Energy Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Paper: An Initial Value of Information (VOI) Framework for Geophysical...

  7. GEOLOGIC FRAMEWORK OF THE EAST FLANK, COSO GEOTHERMAL FIELD:...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    FOR EGS DEVELOPMENT Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Conference Proceedings: GEOLOGIC FRAMEWORK OF THE EAST FLANK, COSO GEOTHERMAL...

  8. An Analytical Framework for Long Term Policy for Commercial Deployment...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    An Analytical Framework for Long Term Policy for Commercial Deployment and Innovation in Carbon Capture and Sequestration Technology in the United States Jump to: navigation,...

  9. Risk assessment framework for geologic carbon sequestration sites

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oldenburg, C.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Framework for geologic carbon sequestration risk assessment,for geologic carbon sequestration risk assessment, Energyfor Geologic Carbon Sequestration, Int. J. of Greenhouse Gas

  10. acceptance criteria framework: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    understanding, and continuous encouragement. 11 Zong Gao B. S 2002-01-01 87 Sustainability Framework 1 Queen's University Computer Technologies and Information Sciences Websites...

  11. aa statistical framework: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    inflicted upon A&A by the JCR is incalculable. Aa. Sandqvist 2004-03-08 213 Sustainability Framework 1 Queen's University Computer Technologies and Information Sciences Websites...

  12. exhibit A of framework for memorandum of understanding for direct...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and as provided in the Block Contract. This Framework contemplates a number of different power purchase and delivery period scenarios under which BPA could serve the Alcoa Load....

  13. A Synthetic Biology Framework for Programming Eukaryotic Transcription Functions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khalil, Ahmad S.

    Eukaryotic transcription factors (TFs) perform complex and combinatorial functions within transcriptional networks. Here, we present a synthetic framework for systematically constructing eukaryotic transcription functions ...

  14. A preconditioning framework for sequences of diagonally modified ...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-12-28T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose a framework for building preconditioners for sequences of linear systems ... For all the matrices of a sequence, the preconditioners are obtained by.

  15. Synthesis of Cationic Extended Frameworks for Anion-Based Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fei, Honghan

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    frameworks based on rare earth metals are the most developedwhere M is rare earth metals. The first structurallybased on trivalent rare earth metals, including Yb 3+ , Y 3

  16. AFTER A Framework for electrical power sysTems vulnerability...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    United Kingdom) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name AFTER A Framework for electrical power sysTems vulnerability identification, dEfense and Restoration Country United Kingdom...

  17. AFTER A Framework for electrical power sysTems vulnerability...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFTER A Framework for electrical power sysTems vulnerability identification, dEfense and Restoration (Smart Grid Project) (Norway) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name AFTER A...

  18. AFTER A Framework for electrical power sysTems vulnerability...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Ireland) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name AFTER A Framework for electrical power sysTems vulnerability identification, dEfense and Restoration Country Ireland Coordinates...

  19. AFTER A Framework for electrical power sysTems vulnerability...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Belgium) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name AFTER A Framework for electrical power sysTems vulnerability identification, dEfense and Restoration Country Belgium Coordinates...

  20. AFTER A Framework for electrical power sysTems vulnerability...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Czech Republic) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name AFTER A Framework for electrical power sysTems vulnerability identification, dEfense and Restoration Country Czech Republic...

  1. Application of SALSSA Framework to the Validation of Smoothed...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Hydrodynamics Simulations of Low Reynolds Number Flows. Abstract: The Support Architecture for Large-Scale Subsurface Analysis (SALSSA) provides an extensible framework,...

  2. A Framework for Comparison of Spatiotemporal and Time Series...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Framework for Comparison of Spatiotemporal and Time Series Datasets NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy,...

  3. Sandia National Laboratories: metal-organic framework materials

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    metal-organic framework materials Combining 'Tinkertoy' Materials with Solar Cells for Increased Photovoltaic Efficiency On December 4, 2014, in Energy, Materials Science, News,...

  4. A Scalable Multi-scale Framework for Parallel Simulation and Visualization of Microbial Evolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tagkopoulos, Ilias

    steps to address scalability issues for populations beyond 32,000 cells. Categories and Subject new strains with desired proprieties (e.g. resilient strains for recombinant protein or bio-fuels, or are responsible for phenotypic divergence within a species, the underlying mechanism by which complex behavior

  5. A Run-Time Verification Framework for Smart Grid Applications Implemented on Simulation Frameworks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ciraci, Selim; Sozer, Hasan; Tekinerdogan, Bedir

    2013-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Smart grid applications are implemented and tested with simulation frameworks as the developers usually do not have access to large sensor networks to be used as a test bed. The developers are forced to map the implementation onto these frameworks which results in a deviation between the architecture and the code. On its turn this deviation makes it hard to verify behavioral constraints that are de- scribed at the architectural level. We have developed the ConArch toolset to support the automated verification of architecture-level behavioral constraints. A key feature of ConArch is programmable mapping for architecture to the implementation. Here, developers implement queries to identify the points in the target program that correspond to architectural interactions. ConArch generates run- time observers that monitor the flow of execution between these points and verifies whether this flow conforms to the behavioral constraints. We illustrate how the programmable mappings can be exploited for verifying behavioral constraints of a smart grid appli- cation that is implemented with two simulation frameworks.

  6. Copyright 2012 by the author(s). Published here under license by the Resilience Alliance. Rives, F., M. Antona, and S. Aubert. 2012. Social-ecological functions and vulnerability framework to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and was implemented through the Household Energy Strategy (HES). The HES established new local management schemes, such policies were developed through the Household Energy Strategy (HES) in the 1990s, following the severe

  7. Initial Risk Analysis and Decision Making Framework

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Engel, David W.

    2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Commercialization of new carbon capture simulation initiative (CCSI) technology will include two key elements of risk management, namely, technical risk (will process and plant performance be effective, safe, and reliable) and enterprise risk (can project losses and costs be controlled within the constraints of market demand to maintain profitability and investor confidence). Both of these elements of risk are incorporated into the risk analysis subtask of Task 7. Thus far, this subtask has developed a prototype demonstration tool that quantifies risk based on the expected profitability of expenditures when retrofitting carbon capture technology on a stylized 650 MW pulverized coal electric power generator. The prototype is based on the selection of specific technical and financial factors believed to be important determinants of the expected profitability of carbon capture, subject to uncertainty. The uncertainty surrounding the technical performance and financial variables selected thus far is propagated in a model that calculates the expected profitability of investments in carbon capture and measures risk in terms of variability in expected net returns from these investments. Given the preliminary nature of the results of this prototype, additional work is required to expand the scope of the model to include additional risk factors, additional information on extant and proposed risk factors, the results of a qualitative risk factor elicitation process, and feedback from utilities and other interested parties involved in the carbon capture project. Additional information on proposed distributions of these risk factors will be integrated into a commercial implementation framework for the purpose of a comparative technology investment analysis.

  8. Simulation framework for intelligent transportation systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ewing, T.; Doss, E.; Hanebutte, U.; Tentner, A.

    1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A simulation framework has been developed for a large-scale, comprehensive, scaleable simulation of an Intelligent Transportation System (ITS). The simulator is designed for running on parallel computers and distributed (networked) computer systems, but can run on standalone workstations for smaller simulations. The simulator currently models instrumented smart vehicles with in-vehicle navigation units capable of optimal route planning and Traffic Management Centers (TMC). The TMC has probe vehicle tracking capabilities (display position and attributes of instrumented vehicles), and can provide two-way interaction with traffic to provide advisories and link times. Both the in-vehicle navigation module and the TMC feature detailed graphical user interfaces to support human-factors studies. Realistic modeling of variations of the posted driving speed are based on human factors studies that take into consideration weather, road conditions, driver personality and behavior, and vehicle type. The prototype has been developed on a distributed system of networked UNIX computers but is designed to run on parallel computers, such as ANL`s IBM SP-2, for large-scale problems. A novel feature of the approach is that vehicles are represented by autonomous computer processes which exchange messages with other processes. The vehicles have a behavior model which governs route selection and driving behavior, and can react to external traffic events much like real vehicles. With this approach, the simulation is scaleable to take advantage of emerging massively parallel processor (MPP) systems.

  9. A framework for determining optimal petroleum leasing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robinson, D.R.

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The techniques of auction theory and option theory are combined to allow valuation under both geologic and oil price uncertainty. The primary motivation for developing this framework is to understand the prevalence of leasing in transferring ownership of oil properties. Under a standard oil lease, the landowner sells an oil company the right to explore and develop a tract of land for a fixed period of time. If oil is found, a fraction of the revenues is reserved for the landowner. Compared to the outright sale of the minerals, leasing has the disadvantages of: (1) lowering total oil field value through alteration of investment incentives; (2) providing the seller with a more risk cash flow ; and (3) increasing legal and administrative costs. It is demonstrated here that in lease sales as compared to full mineral interest sales, the relative disadvantages are offset by more effective value transfer to the seller. For the base-case parameters, the optimal lease in a bonus auction gives the seller 28% more value than the sale of the full mineral interest. There is a loss in the leasing process from distortion of development timing incentives.

  10. Acceptance Criteria Framework for Autonomous Biological Detectors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dzenitis, J M

    2006-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this study was to examine a set of user acceptance criteria for autonomous biological detection systems for application in high-traffic, public facilities. The test case for the acceptance criteria was the Autonomous Pathogen Detection System (APDS) operating in high-traffic facilities in New York City (NYC). However, the acceptance criteria were designed to be generally applicable to other biological detection systems in other locations. For such detection systems, ''users'' will include local authorities (e.g., facility operators, public health officials, and law enforcement personnel) and national authorities [including personnel from the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), the BioWatch Program, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)]. The panel members brought expertise from a broad range of backgrounds to complete this picture. The goals of this document are: (1) To serve as informal guidance for users in considering the benefits and costs of these systems. (2) To serve as informal guidance for developers in understanding the needs of users. In follow-up work, this framework will be used to systematically document the APDS for appropriateness and readiness for use in NYC.

  11. A Catenated Strut in a Catenated Metal–Organic Framework

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Qiaowei [Fudan Univ., Shanghai (China); Sue, Chi-Hau [Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States); Basu, Subhadeep [Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL (United States); Shveyd, Alexander K. [Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL (United States); Zhang, Wenyu [Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States); Barin, Gokhan [Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL (United States); Fang, Lei [Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL (United States); Sarjeant, Amy A. [Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL (United States); Stoddart, J. Fraser [Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL (United States); Yaghi, Omar M [Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States)

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Mechanically interlocked molecules (MIMs), in the form of donor–acceptor [2]catenane-containing struts of exceptional length, have been incorporated into a three-dimensional catenated metal–organic framework (MOF) at precise locations and with uniform relative orientations. Catenation is expressed simultaneously within the struts and the framework.

  12. NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY 1 Risk Management Framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY 1 Risk Management Framework Computer Security Enterprise Risk Key activities in managing enterprise-level risk--risk resulting from the operation on a continuous basis #12;NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY 3 Risk Management Framework Security Life

  13. The Gulf Investment Framework, 20102025: Opportunities, Limitations, and Risks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Løw, Erik

    ­ is likely to remain a key area to the global oil industry for decades to come. The Gulf Investment Framework1 The Gulf Investment Framework, 2010­2025: Opportunities, Limitations, and Risks An integrated in other parts of the world, and despite efforts to make Western economies less dependent on oil, the Gulf

  14. School/College Priorities Aligned with Campus Strategic Framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheridan, Jennifer

    School/College Priorities Aligned with Campus Strategic Framework April 2009 Every school, guiding framework. This document highlights priorities/efforts in each school/college that are specifically aligned to advance the campus priorities. · College of Agricultural & Life Sciences · School

  15. Crowdsourcing Multimedia QoE Evaluation: A Trusted Framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Sheng-Wei

    1 Crowdsourcing Multimedia QoE Evaluation: A Trusted Framework Chen-Chi Wu, Kuan-Ta Chen, Member problem. In this paper, we propose a crowdsourceable framework to quantify the QoE of multimedia content with less effort compared with MOS; and 4) generalizability across a variety of multimedia content. We

  16. Multimedia Document Summarization based on a Semantic Adaptation Framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Multimedia Document Summarization based on a Semantic Adaptation Framework Sébastien Laborie.Laborie,Jerome.Euzenat,Nabil.Layaida}@inrialpes.fr ABSTRACT The multiplication of presentation contexts (such as mo- bile phones, PDAs) for multimedia for multimedia document adaptation was proposed. This framework deals with the semantics of the document

  17. An Incremental Framework for Adapting the Hypermedia Structure of Multimedia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    An Incremental Framework for Adapting the Hypermedia Structure of Multimedia Documents S.Laborie,Jerome.Euzenat}@inrialpes.fr Summary. The multiplication of presentation contexts (such as mobile phones, PDAs) for multimedia for multimedia document adaptation was proposed. This framework deals with the semantics of the document composi

  18. Complex Network Framework Based Dependency Matrix of Electric Power Grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pota, Himanshu Roy

    Complex Network Framework Based Dependency Matrix of Electric Power Grid A. B. M. Nasiruzzaman, H, Australian power grid operated under the National Electricity Market (NEM) is the worlds longest scale analysis of power grid using complex network framework a network matrix is formed. The elements

  19. A Document Model Management Framework based on Core Components

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A Document Model Management Framework based on Core Components Michael Strommer, Christian Pichler for a consistent framework for the management of electronic business documents, together with tool support rises. Tools, that foster the management of document models in a way to overcome interoperability issues

  20. Attack Containment Framework for Large-Scale Critical Infrastructures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nahrstedt, Klara

    Attack Containment Framework for Large-Scale Critical Infrastructures Hoang Nguyen Department-- We present an attack containment framework against value-changing attacks in large-scale critical structure, called attack container, which captures the trust behavior of a group of nodes and assists

  1. SUSTAINABLE HERITAGE TOURISM PLANNING IN ETHIOPIA: AN ASSESSMENT FRAMEWORK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SUSTAINABLE HERITAGE TOURISM PLANNING IN ETHIOPIA: AN ASSESSMENT FRAMEWORK by Stefanie Jones B Management Project No.: 532 Title: Sustainable Heritage Tourism Planning in Ethiopia: An Assessment Framework of archaeological sites in Northern Ethiopia. The research found that the heritage sites in question had low

  2. A Web Usage Mining Framework for Web Directories Personalization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kouroupetroglou, Georgios

    A Web Usage Mining Framework for Web Directories Personalization Dimitrios Pierrakos Department framework that combines Web personalization and Web directories, which results in the concept of Community Web Directories. Community Web directories is a novel form of personalization performed on Web

  3. A NONLINEAR MODELING FRAMEWORK FOR AUTONOMOUS CRUISE CONTROL Gabor Orosz

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daly, Samantha

    .) and allows optimization in the entire torque and engine speed range (e.g., for energy consumption). NONLINEARA NONLINEAR MODELING FRAMEWORK FOR AUTONOMOUS CRUISE CONTROL G´abor Orosz Department of Mechanical A nonlinear modeling framework is presented for au- tonomous cruise control (ACC) equipped vehicles which

  4. Nanoporus Silicate Frameworks Nanoporous Copper Silicates with One-Dimen-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Xiqu

    Nanoporus Silicate Frameworks Nanoporous Copper Silicates with One-Dimen- sional 12-Ring Channel, and their potential use as components in advanced nanocomposites.[1­4] Nanoporous transition-metal silicates for the synthesis of transition-metal-silicate open-framework and microporous compounds that uses a common building

  5. The IBM Health Integration Framework: Accelerating solutions for smarter healthcare

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in improving health- care access, cost, quality of care and patient satisfaction. But progress can take many Integration Framework is a unified software platform for implementing comprehensive solutions for health- careThe IBM Health Integration Framework: Accelerating solutions for smarter healthcare Healthcare

  6. A framework for assessing the political economy of post-2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, Andrew

    A framework for assessing the political economy of post-2012 global climate regime Bettina Centre for Climate Change Research Working Paper 80 #12;A framework for assessing the political economy, Environment, Energy 3: Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research, School of Environmental Sciences

  7. An Adaptable Service-Based Framework for Distributed Product Realization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    must be able to incorporate information from all parts of the product lifecycle. It is intended1 An Adaptable Service-Based Framework for Distributed Product Realization Jitesh H. Panchal, Hae-based engineering framework to support distributed product realization. Adaptability is the key strength

  8. An Innovative Framework Supporting SME Networks for Complex Product Manufacturing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    An Innovative Framework Supporting SME Networks for Complex Product Manufacturing Luis Maia.kankaanpaa@uwasa.fi, ahsh@uwasa.fi Abstract. Current market dynamics require European SME's to focus on complex products collaboration processes and supporting ICT tools. This paper presents a framework to support SME

  9. Rewriting Logic as a Unifying Framework for Petri Nets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meseguer, José

    Rewriting Logic as a Unifying Framework for Petri Nets Mark-Oliver Stehr, Jos#19;e Meseguer as a unifying framework for a wide range of Petri nets models. We treat in detail place/transition nets that \\Petri nets are monoids" suggested by Meseguer and Montanari we de#12;ne a rewriting semantics that maps

  10. Advanced Dynamic Programming in Semiring and Hypergraph Frameworks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plotkin, Joshua B.

    comments on an earlier version of this survey. This work was supported by NSF ITR EIA-0205456. 1 #12;search algorithms under algebraic and graph-theoretic frameworks. This tutorial surveys two such frameworks, namely will formalize this property as an algebraic concept of monotonicity in Section 2. Survey paper to accompany

  11. SUMMARY-BASED POINTER ANALYSIS FRAMEWORK FOR MODULAR BUG FINDING

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    SUMMARY-BASED POINTER ANALYSIS FRAMEWORK FOR MODULAR BUG FINDING Marcio O. Buss Submitted of Arts and Sciences COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY 2007 #12;c 2007 Marcio O. Buss All Rights Reserved #12;ABSTRACT SUMMARY-BASED POINTER ANALYSIS FRAMEWORK FOR MODULAR BUG FINDING Marcio O. Buss Modern society

  12. Improving supply chain resilience

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leung, Elsa Hiu Man

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Due to the global expansion of Company A's supply chain network, it is becoming more vulnerable to many disruptions. These disruptions often incur additional costs; and require time to respond to and recover from these ...

  13. Contributing to resilience Biodiversitymatters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Genetically Modified Organisms GOB Governmental Body IAASTD International Assessment of Agricultural Knowledge Group on Erosion, Technology and Concentration FAO (UN:s) Food and Agriculture Organization FERN Forests

  14. Natural Gas Transportation Resiliency

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directed offOCHCO2:Introduction toManagement ofConverDyn NOPRNancyNationalNatural GasImports byTransportation

  15. Pillared and open-framework uranyl diphosphonates

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Adelani, Pius O. [Department of Civil Engineering and Geological Sciences, 156 Fitzpatrick Hall, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN 46556 (United States); Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, 156 Fitzpatrick Hall, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN 46556 (United States); Albrecht-Schmitt, Thomas E., E-mail: talbrec1@nd.edu [Department of Civil Engineering and Geological Sciences, 156 Fitzpatrick Hall, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN 46556 (United States); Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, 156 Fitzpatrick Hall, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN 46556 (United States)

    2011-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The hydrothermal reactions of uranium trioxide, uranyl acetate, or uranyl nitrate with 1,4-benzenebisphosphonic acid in the presence of very small amount of HF at 200 deg. C results in the formation of three different uranyl diphosphonate compounds, [H{sub 3}O]{sub 2}{l_brace}(UO{sub 2}){sub 6}[C{sub 6}H{sub 4}(PO{sub 3})(PO{sub 2}OH)]{sub 2}[C{sub 6}H{sub 4}(PO{sub 2}OH){sub 2}]{sub 2}[C{sub 6}H{sub 4}(PO{sub 3}){sub 2}]{r_brace}(H{sub 2}O){sub 2} (Ubbp-1), [H{sub 3}O]{sub 4}{l_brace}(UO{sub 2}){sub 4}[C{sub 6}H{sub 4}(PO{sub 3}){sub 2}]{sub 2}F{sub 4}{r_brace}.H{sub 2}O (Ubbp-2), and {l_brace}(UO{sub 2})[C{sub 6}H{sub 2}F{sub 2}(PO{sub 2}OH){sub 2}(H{sub 2}O){r_brace}{sub 2}.H{sub 2}O (Ubbp-3). The crystal structures of these compounds were determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction experiments. Ubbp-1 consists of UO{sub 7} pentagonal bipyramids that are bridged by the phosphonate moieties to form a three-dimensional pillared structure. Ubbp-2 is composed of UO{sub 5}F{sub 2} pentagonal bipyramids that are bridged through the phosphonate oxygen atoms into one-dimensional chains that are cross-linked by the phenyl spacers into a pillared structure. The structure of Ubbp-3 is a three-dimensional open-framework with large channels containing water molecules with internal dimensions of approximately 10.9x10.9 A. Ubbp-1 and Ubbp-2 fluoresce at room temperature. - Graphical Abstract: Illustration of the three-dimensional open-framework structure of {l_brace}(UO{sub 2})[C{sub 6}H{sub 2}F{sub 2}(PO{sub 2}OH){sub 2}(H{sub 2}O){r_brace}{sub 2}.H{sub 2}O viewed along the c-axis. The structure is constructed from UO{sub 7} units, pentagonal bipyramids=green, oxygen=red, phosphorus=magenta, carbon=black, hydrogen=white. Highlights: > The influence of the uranyl salt anions and pH were critically examined in relation to structural variation. > The acetate and nitrate counter ions of uranyl may be acting as structure directing agents. > The use of rigid phenyl spacer yield a three-dimensional network of pillared structures of uranyl diphosphonates that fluoresce. > The fluorination of the phenyl ring under hydrothermal condition. > The large voids in this structure are suggestive of potential applications in sorption, separation of gases and in catalytic processes.

  16. Argonne simulation framework for intelligent transportation systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ewing, T.; Doss, E.; Hanebutte, U.; Canfield, T.; Brown-VanHoozer, A.; Tentner, A.

    1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A simulation framework has been developed which defines a high-level architecture for a large-scale, comprehensive, scalable simulation of an Intelligent Transportation System (ITS). The simulator is designed to run on parallel computers and distributed (networked) computer systems; however, a version for a stand alone workstation is also available. The ITS simulator includes an Expert Driver Model (EDM) of instrumented ``smart`` vehicles with in-vehicle navigation units. The EDM is capable of performing optimal route planning and communicating with Traffic Management Centers (TMC). A dynamic road map data base is sued for optimum route planning, where the data is updated periodically to reflect any changes in road or weather conditions. The TMC has probe vehicle tracking capabilities (display position and attributes of instrumented vehicles), and can provide 2-way interaction with traffic to provide advisories and link times. Both the in-vehicle navigation module and the TMC feature detailed graphical user interfaces that includes human-factors studies to support safety and operational research. Realistic modeling of variations of the posted driving speed are based on human factor studies that take into consideration weather, road conditions, driver`s personality and behavior and vehicle type. The simulator has been developed on a distributed system of networked UNIX computers, but is designed to run on ANL`s IBM SP-X parallel computer system for large scale problems. A novel feature of the developed simulator is that vehicles will be represented by autonomous computer processes, each with a behavior model which performs independent route selection and reacts to external traffic events much like real vehicles. Vehicle processes interact with each other and with ITS components by exchanging messages. With this approach, one will be able to take advantage of emerging massively parallel processor (MPP) systems.

  17. An Assessment of Integrated Health Management Frameworks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lybeck, Nancy; Coble, Jamie B.; Tawfik, Magdy; Bond, Leonard J.

    2012-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

    In order to meet the ever increasing demand for energy, the United States nuclear industry is turning to life extension of existing nuclear power plants (NPPs). Economically ensuring the safe, secure, and reliable operation of aging NPPs presents many challenges. The 2009 Light Water Reactor Sustainability Workshop identified online monitoring of active and structural components as essential to better understanding and management of the challenges posed by aging NPPs. Additionally, there is increasing adoption of condition-based maintenance (CBM) for active components in NPPs. These techniques provide a foundation upon which a variety of advanced online surveillance, diagnostic, and prognostic techniques can be deployed to continuously monitor and assess the health of NPP systems and components. The next step in the development of advanced online monitoring is to move beyond CBM to estimating the remaining useful life of active components using prognostic tools. Deployment of prognostic health management (PHM) on the scale of an NPP requires the use of an integrated health management (IHM) framework - a software product (or suite of products) used to manage the necessary elements needed for a complete implementation of online monitoring and prognostics. This paper provides a thoughtful look at the desirable functions and features of IHM architectures. A full PHM system involves several modules, including data acquisition, system modeling, fault detection, fault diagnostics, system prognostics, and advisory generation (operations and maintenance planning). The standards applicable to PHM applications are indentified and summarized. A list of evaluation criteria for PHM software products, developed to ensure scalability of the toolset to an environment with the complexity of an NPP, is presented. Fourteen commercially available PHM software products are identified and classified into four groups: research tools, PHM system development tools, deployable architectures, and peripheral tools.

  18. Towards a framework of nuclear competencies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ghitescu, P. [Univ. Politehnica Bucharest, Spl. Independentei 313, 060042 (Romania)

    2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    For the countries considering the introduction of a nuclear energy program, the management of human resources should be a part of the wider integrated management system in order to ensure long term safe and reliable operation. Nuclear energy strategy and approaches to human resources development should take into consideration such fundamental aspects as: development and implementation of a workforce plan, required competencies and qualifications, prerequisites for staffing a nuclear energy program, needed training programs and training facilities, qualification and training requirements. Development of common instruments that respond to the above needs and vision has lead to a new concept of European Credit System for Vocational Education and Training. The European Credit System for Vocational Education and Training (ECVET) is based on definition of 'learning outcomes ' in terms of knowledge, skills and competence, and on identification of portfolios of learning outcomes that allow an individual to prove competencies in a coherent manner. ECVET proposes a common understanding of basic definitions of education and training as well as of the new proposed concepts and it should be recognized by all employers in the EU. In this context, a number of 'Euratom Fission Training Schemes' (EFTS) have been launched in specific areas where a shortage of skilled professionals has been identified. In these schemes the competence building is the result of traditional education plus life-long learning, non-traditional learning, and other forms of educational experiences, relying, in particular, on border-less mobility to get acquainted with various sectors. Each particular Training Scheme should follow a similar path for the achievement of the designed learning outcomes (knowledge, skills, and attitudes). This path to the Training Scheme consists of different activities regarding: definition of training scheme learning outcomes and modules, assessment of prerequisites and student selection, student interview for development of individual training plan, start of the training activities under a specific training scheme. The introduction and recognition of ECVET will lead to a common taxonomy of competencies, and will provide also information about qualifications and units in numerical form, enabling mutual recognition of a training scheme. The description of the learning outcomes to be achieved for qualifying to a specific job profile may follow the analysis phase of the systematic approach to training (SAT). This would ensure a common tool, already used by all trainers. All these steps contribute to establishing of a framework of nuclear competencies recognized and accepted throughout member states. (authors)

  19. Hydrogen Storage in Metal-Organic Frameworks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Omar M. Yaghi

    2012-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Conventional storage of large amounts of hydrogen in its molecular form is difficult and expensive because it requires employing either extremely high pressure gas or very low temperature liquid. Because of the importance of hydrogen as a fuel, the DOE has set system targets for hydrogen storage of gravimetric (5.5 wt%) and volumetric (40 g L-1) densities to be achieved by 2015. Given that these are system goals, a practical material will need to have higher capacity when the weight of the tank and associated cooling or regeneration system is considered. The size and weight of these components will vary substantially depending on whether the material operates by a chemisorption or physisorption mechanism. In the latter case, metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) have recently been identified as promising adsorbents for hydrogen storage, although little data is available for their sorption behavior. This grant was focused on the study of MOFs with these specific objectives. (1) To examine the effects of functionalization, catenation, and variation of the metal oxide and organic linkers on the low-pressure hydrogen adsorption properties of MOFs. (2) To develop a strategy for producing MOFs with high surface area and porosity to reduce the dead space and increase the hydrogen storage capacity per unit volume. (3) To functionalize MOFs by post synthetic functionalization with metals to improve the adsorption enthalpy of hydrogen for the room temperature hydrogen storage. This effort demonstrated the importance of open metal sites to improve the adsorption enthalpy by the systematic study, and this is also the origin of the new strategy, which termed isoreticular functionalization and metalation. However, a large pore volume is still a prerequisite feature. Based on our principle to design highly porous MOFs, guest-free MOFs with ultrahigh porosity have been experimentally synthesized. MOF-210, whose BET surface area is 6240 m2 g-1 (the highest among porous solids), takes up 15 wt% of total H2 uptake at 80 bar and 77 K. More importantly, the total H2 uptake by MOF-210 was 2.7 wt% at 80 bar and 298 K, which is the highest number reported for physisorptive materials.

  20. Analysis framework for the J-PET scanner

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krzemie?, W; Gruntowski, A; Stola, K; Trybek, D; Bednarski, T; Bia?as, P; Czerwi?ski, E; Kami?ska, D; Kap?on, L; Kochanowski, A; Korcyl, G; Kowal, J; Kowalski, P; Kozik, T; Kubicz, E; Moskal, P; Nied?wiecki, Sz; Pa?ka, M; Raczy?ski, L; Rudy, Z; Salabura, P; Sharma, N G; Silarski, M; S?omski, A; Smyrski, J; Strzelecki, A; Wieczorek, A; Wi?licki, W; Zieli?ski, M; Zo?, N

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    J-PET analysis framework is a flexible, lightweight, ROOT-based software package which provides the tools to develop reconstruction and calibration procedures for PET tomography. In this article we present the implementation of the full data-processing chain in the J-PET framework which is used for the data analysis of the J-PET tomography scanner. The Framework incorporates automated handling of PET setup parameters' database as well as high level tools for building data reconstruction procedures. Each of these components is briefly discussed.

  1. Universal Framework for Quantum Error-Correcting Codes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhuo Li; Li-Juan Xing

    2009-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a universal framework for quantum error-correcting codes, i.e., the one that applies for the most general quantum error-correcting codes. This framework is established on the group algebra, an algebraic notation for the nice error bases of quantum systems. The nicest thing about this framework is that we can characterize the properties of quantum codes by the properties of the group algebra. We show how it characterizes the properties of quantum codes as well as generates some new results about quantum codes.

  2. Primer Control System Cyber Security Framework and Technical Metrics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wayne F. Boyer; Miles A. McQueen

    2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Department of Homeland Security National Cyber Security Division supported development of a control system cyber security framework and a set of technical metrics to aid owner-operators in tracking control systems security. The framework defines seven relevant cyber security dimensions and provides the foundation for thinking about control system security. Based on the developed security framework, a set of ten technical metrics are recommended that allow control systems owner-operators to track improvements or degradations in their individual control systems security posture.

  3. NIST Smart Grid Framework Status Report This summary report provides a status update on the NIST smart grid interoperability framework. The

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NIST Smart Grid Framework Status Report This summary report provides a status update on the NIST smart grid interoperability framework. The NIST smart grid framework is a NIST special publication document (NIST SP1108, NIST Framework and Roadmap for Smart Grid Interoperability Standards, Releases 1, 2

  4. Demonstration of the Federation of OMF Control Framework with PlanetLab Peer-to-peer resolution of an obstacle problem using the P2Pdc framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ingrand, François

    of an obstacle problem using the P2Pdc framework Scenario: - Distributed Application for Problem Solving

  5. New Modularization Framework Transforms FAST Wind Turbine Modeling...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    framework. In November 2013, NREL presented a full-day workshop on FAST in Frankfurt, Germany, hosted by the University of Stuttgart. The workshop was attended by 50 participants,...

  6. Actors, coalitions and the framework convention on climate change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sewell, Granville C

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study examines the political processes through which the Framework Convention on Climate Change was negotiated and the initial efforts of the United States, the Netherlands, and Japan to adopt national policies and ...

  7. Robtic Lab Demonstrators and Educational Framework Mentor Alexander Frster

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krause, Rolf

    , humanoid robots. All these platforms have different application pro- gramming interfaces, control software, application frameworks, and algorithmic libraries, based on the robot's capabilities, application scenarios on the robots, · demo applications to demonstrate the characteristics of the programming interface

  8. The Omniscient Garbage Collector: a Resource Analysis Framework (extended abstract)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    The Omniscient Garbage Collector: a Resource Analysis Framework (extended abstract) Aurélien point of view, we develop the omniscient garbage collector (OGC), which decides precisely when the resource index requires an omniscient garbage collector, a NP-complete problem tightly connected

  9. A unifying framework for watershed thermodynamics: balance equations for mass,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hassanizadeh, S. Majid

    A unifying framework for watershed thermodynamics: balance equations for mass, momentum, energy Hassanizadehb a Centre for Water Research, Department of Environmental Engineering, The University of Western Australia, 6907 Nedlands, Australia b Department of Water Management, Environmental and Sanitary Engineering

  10. A Framework for Modeling Uncertainty in Regional Climate Change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Monier, Erwan

    In this study, we present a new modeling framework and a large ensemble of climate projections to investigate the uncertainty in regional climate change over the US associated with four dimensions of uncertainty. The sources ...

  11. Uintah -a scalable framework for hazard analysis Martin Berzins

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Utah, University of

    Uintah - a scalable framework for hazard analysis Martin Berzins Scientific Computing and Imaging of Uintah to a petascale problem in hazard analysis arising from "sympathetic" explosions in which. Devices containing such materials undergo extensive testing for hazard classification prior

  12. Eco-Growth: A Framework for Sustainable Growth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blanco, Edgar E.

    Growth is imperative for corporate success and yet the environmental impact of this growth is not sustainable. In this paper we offer a framework for thinking about the stages of tackling the environmental sustainability ...

  13. An Intelligent Threat Prevention Framework with Heterogeneous Information

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Weiru

    An Intelligent Threat Prevention Framework with Heterogeneous Information Wenjun Ma 1 and Weiru Liu 1 Abstract. Three issues usually are associated with threat prevention intelligent surveillance, the de- mand of effectively predicting suspects' intention and ranking the potential threats posed

  14. Design of novel lithium storage materials with a polyanionic framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Jae Chul, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Lithium ion batteries for large-scale applications demand a strict safety standard from a cathode material during operating cycles. Lithium manganese borate (LiMnBO?) that crystallizes into a hexagonal or monoclinic framework ...

  15. THE REMOTE PROCESSING FRAMEWORK FOR PORTABLE COMPUTER POWER SAVING 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Los Angeles, University of

    THE REMOTE PROCESSING FRAMEWORK FOR PORTABLE COMPUTER POWER SAVING 1 Alexey Rudenko Peter Reiher and independently investigated this power saving technique. Rudenko et al., in [13] describe experiments using

  16. General Framework using Affine Transformations to Formation Control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    [2001] and autonomous systems as underwater and unmanned air vehicles (AUVs and UAVs) Fiorelli et al-linear systems representing AUVs (autonomous underwater vehicles). This paper proposes a novel framework which

  17. Leptogenesis within a predictive G(224)/SO(10)-framework

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pati, Jogesh C

    2002-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

    A G(224)/SO(10)-framework has been proposed (a few years ago) that successfully describes the masses and mixings of all fermions including neutrinos. Baryogenesis via leptogenesis is considered within this framework by allowing for natural phases ({approx} 1/30-1/2) in the entries of the Dirac and Majorana mass-matrices. It is shown that the framework leads quite naturally to the desired magnitude for the baryon asymmetry, in full accord with the observed features of atmospheric and solar neutrino oscillations, as well as with those of quark and charged lepton masses and mixings. Hereby one obtains a unified description of fermion masses, neutrino oscillations and baryogenesis within a single predictive framework.

  18. RISK MANAGEMENT FRAMEWORK: HELPING ORGANIZATIONS IMPLEMENT EFFECTIVE INFORMATION SECURITY PROGRAMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    RISK MANAGEMENT FRAMEWORK: HELPING ORGANIZATIONS IMPLEMENT EFFECTIVE INFORMATION SECURITY PROGRAMS Shirley Radack, Editor Computer Security Division Information Technology Laboratory National Institute component of every organization's information security program. An effective risk management process enables

  19. Lithium-based inorganic-organic framework materials

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yeung, Hamish Hei-Man

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation describes research into lithium-based inorganic-organic frameworks, which has led to an increased understanding of the structural diversity and properties of these materials. The crystal structures of 11 new forms of lithium...

  20. A Simulation and Modeling Framework for Space Situational Awareness

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Olivier, S S

    2008-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes the development and initial demonstration of a new, integrated modeling and simulation framework, encompassing the space situational awareness enterprise, for quantitatively assessing the benefit of specific sensor systems, technologies and data analysis techniques. The framework is based on a flexible, scalable architecture to enable efficient, physics-based simulation of the current SSA enterprise, and to accommodate future advancements in SSA systems. In particular, the code is designed to take advantage of massively parallel computer systems available, for example, at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. The details of the modeling and simulation framework are described, including hydrodynamic models of satellite intercept and debris generation, orbital propagation algorithms, radar cross section calculations, optical brightness calculations, generic radar system models, generic optical system models, specific Space Surveillance Network models, object detection algorithms, orbit determination algorithms, and visualization tools. The use of this integrated simulation and modeling framework on a specific scenario involving space debris is demonstrated.

  1. Semanta:AnOntologyDrivenSemantic LinkAnalysisFramework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arpinar, I. Budak

    > Politics RepublicanParty Governor,Texas 1995 2000 Energy BushOil&Gas Founder 1975 Semanta:AnOntologyDrivenSemantic LinkAnalysisFramework MullaiShanmuhan Advisor inhandlingknowledgestarvation #12;ProblemStatement Aframeworkforfindingsemanticlinks amongentitiesisneededforeffective decision

  2. A Bayesian framework for fracture characterization from surface seismic data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zamanian, S. Ahmad

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We describe a methodology for quantitatively characterizing the fractured nature of a hydrocarbon or geothermal reservoir from surface seismic data under a Bayesian inference framework. Fractures provide pathways for fluid ...

  3. An Optimization-Based Framework for Automated Market-Making

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Yiling

    An Optimization-Based Framework for Automated Market-Making Jacob Abernethy EECS Department UC that copies are not made or distributed for profit or commercial advantage and that copies bear this notice

  4. INCOHERENCE AND THE PARAMETRIC TEST FRAMEWORK: MISCONCEIVED RELATIONSHIPS AMONG SAMPLE, SAMPLING DISTRIBUTION, AND POPULATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Alex

    INCOHERENCE AND THE PARAMETRIC TEST FRAMEWORK: MISCONCEIVED RELATIONSHIPS AMONG SAMPLE, SAMPLING Keywords: Parametric test, sample, population, sampling distributions Parametric tests are frequently parametric tests, nor hold beliefs that are consistent with that framework. The parametric test framework

  5. Dynamic Controls for Energy Efficiency and Demand Response: Framework Concepts and a New Construction Study Case in New York

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kiliccote, Sila; Piette, Mary Ann; Watson, David S.; Hughes, Glenn

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    introduction of a demand-side management (DSM) framework forof building controls. Demand-Side Management Framework forDOE 2006). The demand-side management (DSM) framework

  6. A multi-tier framework for dynamic data collection, analysis, and visualization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ke, Xian, 1981-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis describes a framework for collecting, analyzing, and visualizing dynamic data, particularly data gathered through Web questionnaires. The framework addresses challenges such as promoting user participation, ...

  7. The geography of strategy : an exploration of alternative frameworks for transportation infrastructure strategy development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dunn, Travis P

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis introduces the notion of a strategy development framework for transportation infrastructure systems. A strategy development framework has several dimensions: the organizations that own.infrastructure, the ...

  8. Non-participation in digital media. Toward a framework of mediated political action

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Casemajor, Nathalie; Couture, Stéphane; Delfin, Mauricio; Goerzen, Matt; Delfanti, Alessandro

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Non-participation in digital media. Toward a framework ofparticipation through digital media. The evolution of theNon-participation in digital media. Toward a framework of

  9. SCALING AN URBAN EMERGENCY EVACUATION FRAMEWORK: CHALLENGES AND PRACTICES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Karthik, Rajasekar [ORNL; Lu, Wei [ORNL

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Critical infrastructure disruption, caused by severe weather events, natural disasters, terrorist attacks, etc., has significant impacts on urban transportation systems. We built a computational framework to simulate urban transportation systems under critical infrastructure disruption in order to aid real-time emergency evacuation. This framework will use large scale datasets to provide a scalable tool for emergency planning and management. Our framework, World-Wide Emergency Evacuation (WWEE), integrates population distribution and urban infrastructure networks to model travel demand in emergency situations at global level. Also, a computational model of agent-based traffic simulation is used to provide an optimal evacuation plan for traffic operation purpose [1]. In addition, our framework provides a web-based high resolution visualization tool for emergency evacuation modelers and practitioners. We have successfully tested our framework with scenarios in both United States (Alexandria, VA) and Europe (Berlin, Germany) [2]. However, there are still some major drawbacks for scaling this framework to handle big data workloads in real time. On our back-end, lack of proper infrastructure limits us in ability to process large amounts of data, run the simulation efficiently and quickly, and provide fast retrieval and serving of data. On the front-end, the visualization performance of microscopic evacuation results is still not efficient enough due to high volume data communication between server and client. We are addressing these drawbacks by using cloud computing and next-generation web technologies, namely Node.js, NoSQL, WebGL, Open Layers 3 and HTML5 technologies. We will describe briefly about each one and how we are using and leveraging these technologies to provide an efficient tool for emergency management organizations. Our early experimentation demonstrates that using above technologies is a promising approach to build a scalable and high performance urban emergency evacuation framework that can improve traffic mobility and safety under critical infrastructure disruption in today s socially connected world.

  10. A multiphase constitutive modeling framework for unsaturated soil behavior

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giang D. Nguyen; Yixiang Gan

    2014-01-26T23:59:59.000Z

    We develop a framework for constitutive modeling of unsaturated soils that has the embedded elements of lower scale grain to grain contacts. Continuum models developed from this framework will possess two different phases idealizing the solid grains and their interactions. As a consequence, two different constitutive relationships, corresponding to the grain to grain contact and bulk behavior, co-exist in a constitutive model and govern the response of the model. To be specific, grain to grain sliding under dry or wet condition is idealized and appears as a simple contact law embedded in a continuum framework. There is no need to define plastic strain, as this quantity naturally emerges at the continuum scale as the consequence of frictional sliding at the lower scale. In addition, the effective stress can be naturally worked out from the grain to grain contact law embedded in the model without being subjected to any interpretation. This, in our opinion, is a closer representation of unsaturated soil behavior, compared to existing continuum approaches that map everything onto a single stress-strain relationship. In this paper, the framework is presented in its simplest form that takes into account sliding on a single orientation. Grain to grain contact law with capillary effects is used for the demonstration of the concept, and the technical details behind it. Generalization of the framework for better representation of unsaturated soil behavior will also be sketched out.

  11. Sandia National Laboratories: SunShot

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in the United States Conceptual Framework for Developing Resilience Metrics for the Electricity, Oil, and Gas Sectors in the United States Conceptual Framework for Developing...

  12. Sandia National Laboratories: IAEA

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in the United States Conceptual Framework for Developing Resilience Metrics for the Electricity, Oil, and Gas Sectors in the United States Conceptual Framework for Developing...

  13. Sandia National Laboratories: solar thermal

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    in the United States Conceptual Framework for Developing Resilience Metrics for the Electricity, Oil, and Gas Sectors in the United States Conceptual Framework for Developing...

  14. A Communication-Optimal Framework for Contracting Distributed Tensors

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rajbhandari, Samyam; NIkam, Akshay; Lai, Pai-Wei; Stock, Kevin; Krishnamoorthy, Sriram; Sadayappan, Ponnuswamy

    2014-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Tensor contractions are extremely compute intensive generalized matrix multiplication operations encountered in many computational science fields, such as quantum chemistry and nuclear physics. Unlike distributed matrix multiplication, which has been extensively studied, limited work has been done in understanding distributed tensor contractions. In this paper, we characterize distributed tensor contraction algorithms on torus networks. We develop a framework with three fundamental communication operators to generate communication-efficient contraction algorithms for arbitrary tensor contractions. We show that for a given amount of memory per processor, our framework is communication optimal for all tensor contractions. We demonstrate performance and scalability of our framework on up to 262,144 cores of BG/Q supercomputer using five tensor contraction examples.

  15. A Framework for Comparative Assessments of Energy Efficiency Policy Measures

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Blum, Helcio; Atkinson, Barbara; Lekov, Alex

    2011-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

    When policy makers propose new policies, there is a need to assess the costs and benefits of the proposed policy measures, to compare them to existing and alternative policies, and to rank them according to their effectiveness. In the case of equipment energy efficiency regulations, comparing the effects of a range of alternative policy measures requires evaluating their effects on consumers’ budgets, on national energy consumption and economics, and on the environment. Such an approach should be able to represent in a single framework the particularities of each policy measure and provide comparable results. This report presents an integrated methodological framework to assess prospectively the energy, economic, and environmental impacts of energy efficiency policy measures. The framework builds on the premise that the comparative assessment of energy efficiency policy measures should (a) rely on a common set of primary data and parameters, (b) follow a single functional approach to estimate the energy, economic, and emissions savings resulting from each assessed measure, and (c) present results through a set of comparable indicators. This framework elaborates on models that the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has used in support of its rulemakings on mandatory energy efficiency standards. In addition to a rigorous analysis of the impacts of mandatory standards, DOE compares the projected results of alternative policy measures to those projected to be achieved by the standards. The framework extends such an approach to provide a broad, generic methodology, with no geographic or sectoral limitations, that is useful for evaluating any type of equipment energy efficiency market intervention. The report concludes with a demonstration of how to use the framework to compare the impacts estimated for twelve policy measures focusing on increasing the energy efficiency of gas furnaces in the United States.

  16. Frameworks for Sustainability of GIS and Earth Observation Technologies in Developing Countries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Camara, Gilberto

    . To address the issues of achieving sustainable frameworks for geoinformation technological development

  17. A Comparative Analysis of Congestion Management Schemes under a Unified Framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    approaches in use: England and Wales, Norway, Sweden, PJM and California. We develop a unified framework

  18. Non-state actors in international politics: a theoretical framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paley, Abram Wil

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    NON-STATE ACTORS IN INTERNATIONAL POLITICS A THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK A Thesis by ABRAM WIL PALEY Submitted to the O?ce of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulflllment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF ARTS December... 2008 Major Subject: Political Science NON-STATE ACTORS IN INTERNATIONAL POLITICS A THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK A Thesis by ABRAM WIL PALEY Submitted to the O?ce of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulflllment of the requirements...

  19. Classification of proton configurations of gas hydrate frameworks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kirov, M. V., E-mail: kirov@ikz.ru [Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of the Earth Cryosphere (Russian Federation)

    2010-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    All molecular configurations differing in the position of hydrogen atoms (protons) in hydrogen bonds and satisfying periodic boundary conditions have been calculated for the unit cells of CS-I, HS-III, and TS-IV gas hydrate frameworks. The configurations obtained are ranged according to the number of stronger trans-configurations of hydrogen-bound molecular pairs and according to the type of spatial symmetry. The configuration symmetry was analyzed taking into account the additional antisymmetry operation, which is related to the change in the direction of all hydrogen bonds. The strong dependence of the framework properties on the specific position of protons in H bonds is established.

  20. Stimuli-Responsive Metal Organic Frameworks: Stimuli-Responsive Metal Organic Frameworks for Energy-Efficient Post Combustion Capture

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    IMPACCT Project: A team led by three professors at Texas A&M is developing a subset of metal organic frameworks that respond to stimuli such as small changes in temperature to trap CO2 and then release it for storage. These frameworks are a promising class of materials for carbon capture applications because their structure and chemistry can be controlled with great precision. Because the changes in temperature required to trap and release CO2 in Texas A&M’s frameworks are much smaller than in other carbon capture approaches, the amount of energy or stimulus that has to be diverted from coal-fired power plants to accomplish this is greatly reduced. The team is working to alter the materials so they bind only with CO2, and are stable enough to withstand the high temperatures found in the chimneys of coal-fired power plants.

  1. A surety engineering framework to reduce cognitive systems risks.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Caudell, Thomas P. (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM); Peercy, David Eugene; Caldera, Eva O. (University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM); Shaneyfelt, Wendy L.

    2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Cognitive science research investigates the advancement of human cognition and neuroscience capabilities. Addressing risks associated with these advancements can counter potential program failures, legal and ethical issues, constraints to scientific research, and product vulnerabilities. Survey results, focus group discussions, cognitive science experts, and surety researchers concur technical risks exist that could impact cognitive science research in areas such as medicine, privacy, human enhancement, law and policy, military applications, and national security (SAND2006-6895). This SAND report documents a surety engineering framework and a process for identifying cognitive system technical, ethical, legal and societal risks and applying appropriate surety methods to reduce such risks. The framework consists of several models: Specification, Design, Evaluation, Risk, and Maturity. Two detailed case studies are included to illustrate the use of the process and framework. Several Appendices provide detailed information on existing cognitive system architectures; ethical, legal, and societal risk research; surety methods and technologies; and educing information research with a case study vignette. The process and framework provide a model for how cognitive systems research and full-scale product development can apply surety engineering to reduce perceived and actual risks.

  2. JointResearchCentre THE WATER FRAMEWORK DIRECTIVE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Commission *Directorate General Environment **Joint Research Centre #12;Evolvement of the EU Water.for operational methods and other supporting tools. ll Joint efforts and activities by all involved partiesJointJointResearchCentre THE WATER FRAMEWORK DIRECTIVE: THE CHALLENGES OF TESTING AND VALIDATION

  3. An Overview about the DynaQuest-Framework Marco Grawunder

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Appelrath, Hans-Jürgen

    framework (Sdf) provides a special vocabulary, that consists of several parts (see Fig. 1). RDF Schema SDF Schema SDF Datatypes SDF Units SDF Mappings SDF Functions SDF Constraints SDF Predicates SDF Quality Global Schema Local SourcesLocal SourcesLocal Sources ...User Query SDF Query SDF Descriptions SDF Unit

  4. advanced transparency framework: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 1 Tesla: A Transparent, Extensible Session-Layer Framework for End-to-end Network Services...

  5. Pancakes: A Software Framework for Distributed Robot and Sensor Network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Egerstedt, Magnus

    functionality in mil- itary, industrial, and consumer applications. In [13], the authors deployed a robotPancakes: A Software Framework for Distributed Robot and Sensor Network Applications Patrick Martin resources of the sensors as well as detected failures. To make multi-agent robotics applications

  6. Pancakes: A Software Framework for Distributed Robot and Sensor Network

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Egerstedt, Magnus

    , industrial, and consumer applications. In [14], the authors deployed a robot to maintain an office gardenPancakes: A Software Framework for Distributed Robot and Sensor Network Applications Patrick Martin environment. To make multi-agent robotics applications, such as the prior examples, work across different

  7. A General Framework for Certifying Garbage Collectors and Their Mutators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A General Framework for Certifying Garbage Collectors and Their Mutators Andrew McCreight + Zhong and security of a large portion of the world's mission­critical software. Unfortunately, garbage collectors uniform approach to verifying the safety of both a mutator and its garbage collector in Hoare­style logic

  8. A General Framework for Certifying Garbage Collectors and Their Mutators

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A General Framework for Certifying Garbage Collectors and Their Mutators Andrew McCreight Zhong and security of a large portion of the world's mission-critical software. Unfortunately, garbage collectors uniform approach to verifying the safety of both a mutator and its garbage collector in Hoare-style logic

  9. GENERATING HOUSING LAYOUT DESIGNS: FRACTALS AS A FRAMEWORK

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    GENERATING HOUSING LAYOUT DESIGNS: FRACTALS AS A FRAMEWORK Yoshihiro Kobayashi Arizona State a computer-based application for three dimensional (3D) landscape simulations of housing-layout-design using the concepts of fractals with Iterative Function System (IFS). At an early phase of designing housing layouts

  10. A FRAMEWORK TO DESIGN AND OPTIMIZE CHEMICAL FLOODING PROCESSES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mojdeh Delshad; Gary A. Pope; Kamy Sepehrnoori

    2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The goal of this proposed research is to provide an efficient and user friendly simulation framework for screening and optimizing chemical/microbial enhanced oil recovery processes. The framework will include (1) a user friendly interface to identify the variables that have the most impact on oil recovery using the concept of experimental design and response surface maps, (2) UTCHEM reservoir simulator to perform the numerical simulations, and (3) an economic model that automatically imports the simulation production data to evaluate the profitability of a particular design. Such a reservoir simulation framework is not currently available to the oil industry. The objectives of Task 1 are to develop three primary modules representing reservoir, chemical, and well data. The modules will be interfaced with an already available experimental design model. The objective of the Task 2 is to incorporate UTCHEM reservoir simulator and the modules with the strategic variables and developing the response surface maps to identify the significant variables from each module. The objective of the Task 3 is to develop the economic model designed specifically for the chemical processes targeted in this proposal and interface the economic model with UTCHEM production output. Task 4 is on the validation of the framework and performing simulations of oil reservoirs to screen, design and optimize the chemical processes.

  11. Towards a Framework for Migrating Web Applications to Web Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cordy, James R.

    Towards a Framework for Migrating Web Applications to Web Services Asil A. Almonaies Manar H {asil,alalfi,cordy,dean}@cs.queensu.ca Abstract Migrating traditional legacy web applications to web services is an important step in the modernization of web-based business systems to more complex inter

  12. SPOT PRICING FRAMEWORK FOR LOSS GUARANTEED INTERNET SERVICE CONTRACTS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kalyanaraman, Shivkumar

    . In a two-component approach to pricing, a nonlinear pricing scheme is used for cost recovery and a utility for cost recovery, and (ii) an options-based approach to price the risk of deviations in the loss based QoSPOT PRICING FRAMEWORK FOR LOSS GUARANTEED INTERNET SERVICE CONTRACTS Aparna Gupta Decision

  13. Draft NIST Framework and Roadmap4 Smart Grid Interoperability6

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Magee, Joseph W.

    1 2 3 Draft NIST Framework and Roadmap4 for5 Smart Grid Interoperability6 Standards,7 Release 2 and Roadmap28 for29 Smart Grid Interoperability30 Standards,31 Release 2.032 33 October 17, 2011 REVISION34 35....................................................................................... 2446 2. Smart Grid Visions

  14. Towards an Evaluation Framework for Business Process Integration and Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ulm, Universität

    is the unavailability of an evaluation frame- work which provides methods for the economic-oriented assessmentTowards an Evaluation Framework for Business Process Integration and Management Bela Mutschler is the accomplishment of economic-oriented assessments of such approaches. Currently, there exists no suitable eval

  15. ForPeerReview SMC Framework in Motion Control Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yanikoglu, Berrin

    , Interconnected Systems. 1. INTRODUCTION Modern motion control systems are more and more acting as "agentsForPeerReview SMC Framework in Motion Control Systems Journal: International Journal of Adaptive, Mechatronics Keywords: Motion Control, Sliding Mode Control, Bilateral Control , Interconnected Systems http

  16. Decentralized Control Framework for Networked Control Systems Ahmed Elmahdi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sun, Dengfeng

    understand and interact with large-scale decentralized modern control systems. To mention a few, large- opment of distributed control systems. These modern systems which include sensors and actuatorsDecentralized Control Framework for Networked Control Systems Ahmed Elmahdi , Ahmad F Taha

  17. INSTITUTE FOR CYBER SECURITY The PEI Framework for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sandhu, Ravi

    not the right decision for securing distributed systems © Ravi Sandhu 5 #12;INSTITUTE FOR CYBER SECURITY PostINSTITUTE FOR CYBER SECURITY 1 The PEI Framework for Application-Centric Security Prof. Ravi Sandhu Executive Director and Endowed Chair Institute for Cyber Security University of Texas at San Antonio May

  18. Schema-based Selective Rendering Framework Alexandros Zotos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mania, Katerina

    Schema-based Selective Rendering Framework Alexandros Zotos Technical University of Crete, Greece incorporated into rendering algorithms in order to optimize rendering computation and produce photorealistic images from a human rather than a machine point of view. In order to economize on rendering computation

  19. Wavelet Network for Nonlinear Regression using Probabilistic Framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wong, Kenneth K.Y.

    network (wavenet) is proposed in this paper. Under this framework, the weights in the wavenet the number of hidden nodes can be infinite initially. 2 Probabilistic Wavenet As described in previous section, the proposed probabilistic wavenet aims at modeling the nonlinear function or the series of input

  20. MIME: A Framework for Interactive Visual Pattern Mining

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Antwerpen, Universiteit

    MIME: A Framework for Interactive Visual Pattern Mining Bart Goethals, Sandy Moens, and Jilles, using a toolbox consisting of interestingness measures, mining algorithms and post-processing algorithms to assist in identifying interesting patterns. By mining interactively, we enable the user to combine

  1. A FRAMEWORK FOR ELECTRICITY MARKET MONITORING Teoman Gler

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gross, George

    A FRAMEWORK FOR ELECTRICITY MARKET MONITORING Teoman Güler University of Illinois at Urbana gross@uiuc.edu Abstract ­ The experiences to date with the im- plementation of electricity markets- structuring electricity. The market monitoring no- tions used in securities and commodity markets can

  2. Omar Yaghi on Chemistry and Metal Organic Frameworks

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    Omar Yaghi

    2013-06-24T23:59:59.000Z

    In this edited version of the hour long talk, Omar Yaghi, director of the Molecular Foundry, sat down in conversation with Jeff Miller, head of Public Affairs, on July 11th, 2012 to discuss his fascination with the hidden world of chemistry and his work on Metal Organic Frameworks.

  3. Frameworks for Business-driven Service Level Management

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frameworks for Business-driven Service Level Management A Criteria-based Comparison of ITIL-driven IT Management: the IT Infrastructure Library (ITIL) with its SLM reference process and the NGOSS SLA Management a realistic IT scenario. These criteria are applied to ITIL and NGOSS in order to elaborate possible areas

  4. An Enhanced Framework for Microprocessor Test-Program Generation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Thomas

    An Enhanced Framework for Microprocessor Test-Program Generation F. Corno, G. Squillero Politecnico microprocessor, engineers may exploit test programs to uncover errors and blunders. Such a process is sometimes microprocessors or microcontrollers by exposing internal defects to accessible outputs trough suitable sequences

  5. Risk assessment methodology provides the framework for rational manage-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Risk assessment methodology provides the framework for rational manage- ment of the risks from): RECOMMENDATIONS 8 SCIENTIFICRESEARCHCAUCUSSTATEMENT Weddell seals locate breathing holes by listening for cracking and the potential impacts of noise on marine mammals. These additional sources of support are impor- tant

  6. Molecular-Thermodynamic Framework for Asphaltene-Oil Equilibria

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wu, Jianzhong

    Molecular-Thermodynamic Framework for Asphaltene-Oil Equilibria Jianzhong Wu and John M. Prausnitz 94304 Asphaltene precipitation is a perennial problem in producing and rejming crude oils. To avoid precipitation, it is usefid to know the solubility of asphaltenes in petroleum liquids as a function

  7. Self-Optimization as a Framework for Advanced Control Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paderborn, Universität

    Self-Optimization as a Framework for Advanced Control Systems Joachim Böcker, Bernd Schulz, Tobias@lea.uni-paderborn.de Abstract-- Optimization is a usual step of control design. To do so, clear design goals have to be defined and design goals may change during operation. That is why a concept of self-optimizing systems is proposed

  8. Model Reference Adaptive Control Framework for Real Time Traffic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    Adaptive Control #12;12 Prescriptive Dynamic Traffic Assignment A Prediction Model and the Reference ModelModel Reference Adaptive Control Framework for Real Time Traffic Management Under Emergency Movement Volume Adaptive Controller Model Reference Adaptive Control (MRAC) Assumptions Super Zone Concept

  9. Emotion Regulation Choice: A Conceptual Framework and Supporting Evidence

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gross, James J.

    Emotion Regulation Choice: A Conceptual Framework and Supporting Evidence Gal Sheppes Tel Aviv that remains virtually unexplored is that of emotion regulation. This is surprising given that healthy adaptation requires flexibly choosing between regulation strategies in a manner that is responsive

  10. A Generic Framework for Interprocedural Analysis of Numerical Properties

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Müller-Olm, Markus

    A Generic Framework for Interprocedural Analysis of Numerical Properties Markus M¨uller-Olm1, Germany markus.mueller-olm@cs.uni-dortmund.de 2 TU M¨unchen, Institut f¨ur Informatik, I2 80333 M of the abstracted collecting semantics is also used by M¨uller-Olm and Seidl in [12] where (in absence of equality

  11. Multimedia Document Summarization based on a Semantic Adaptation Framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joseph Fourier Grenoble-I, Université

    Multimedia Document Summarization based on a Semantic Adaptation Framework S´ebastien Laborie, J´er^ome Euzenat and Nabil Laya¨ida SADPI'07 1 S´ebastien Laborie, J´er^ome Euzenat and Nabil Laya¨ida Multimedia Document Summarization #12;Introduction Motivations A multimedia document example A movie trailer

  12. Generator Coordinate Method framework for Double Beta Decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrzej Bobyk; Wies?aw A. Kami?ski

    2014-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose a consistent prescription for the derivation of the particle number and angular momentum projected QRPA (PQRPA) equation in the Generator Coordinate Method (GCM) framework for calculation of NME's of double-beta decay of axially deformed nuclei. We derive closed formulae for the calculation of excitation energies and wave functions of the intermediate nucleus.

  13. Sustainable Energy for All A Framework for Action

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kammen, Daniel M.

    1 Sustainable Energy for All A Framework for Action The Secretary-General's High-level Group on Sustainable Energy for All January 2012 #12;2 The Secretary-General's High-level Group on Sustainable Energy with sustainable energy for all is achievable 7 2. We must all act together to realise this vision ­ and all

  14. Ontology Design and Development Framework Part I: Enhancing Modeling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demurjian, Steven A.

    terminologies representing a semantic agreement between humans and knowledge systems. Numerous knowledge representational frameworks (e.g. KIF, DAML+OIL, OWL etc.), have been proposed in the research community, with limited adoption in the industry. One possible reason is a lack of a formal and rigorous model

  15. A Framework for Modeling Strategy, Business Processes and Information Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A Framework for Modeling Strategy, Business Processes and Information Systems André Vasconcelos, an organization requires modeling its business processes. Business process modeling comprises the description is used not only in the business but also in the software domain. To represent the goal model, we propose

  16. Extracting Business Rules from COBOL: A Model-Based Framework

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Extracting Business Rules from COBOL: A Model-Based Framework Valerio Cosentino AtlanMod, INRIA in their Information Systems for their daily operations. This logic im- plements the business rules in place clear which business rules are enforced nor whether rules are still consistent with the current

  17. Persona: a Framework to provide Adaptive Presentation for Web Documents

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suzuki, Jun

    , yutaka, yama}@yy.cs.keio.ac.jp Abstract The current issue in the web document management is that every on the fly. Keywords Adaptive presentation, Web documents, Document management, Personalization 11 Persona: a Framework to provide Adaptive Presentation for Web Documents Junichi Suzuki, Gaku

  18. A Unified Framework for MR Based Disease Classification

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pohl, Kilian M.

    A Unified Framework for MR Based Disease Classification Kilian M. Pohl1,2 and Mert R. Sabuncu2 1-hippocampal gyrus. On this small size data set, our approach, which performs classification based on the MR images with the accuracy achieved by state-of-the-art techniques in schizophrenia MRI research. 1 Introduction Thanks to in

  19. Breakthrough Technologies Leaf Extraction and Analysis Framework Graphical User

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weitz, Joshua S.

    : Segmenting and Analyzing the Structure of Leaf Veins and Areoles1[W][OA] Charles A. Price*, Olga Symonova and Analysis Framework Graphical User Interface (LEAF GUI), a user-assisted software tool that facilitates software promises to facilitate improved understanding of the adaptive and ecological significance of leaf

  20. Towards a Trust and Reputation Framework for Social Web Platforms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Towards a Trust and Reputation Framework for Social Web Platforms Thao Nguyen12 , Luigi Liquori1 has always been spread by word-of-mouth and has been used as an enabler of numerous economic have a wide range of applications and are domain specific. The multiple areas where they are applied

  1. A Framework for the Capacity Evaluation of Multihop Wireless Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    A Framework for the Capacity Evaluation of Multihop Wireless Networks Herv´e Rivano CNRS - INRIA and localized CDS. Index Terms--network capacity, multihop wireless networks, upper and lower bounds, linear programing I. INTRODUCTION Ad hoc networks are spontaneous multihop topologies of wireless nodes

  2. Current developments in genomics challenge the established framework of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Church, George M.

    Current developments in genomics challenge the established framework of biomedical ethics because the empirical facts of the genomic science change too fast for the reflections of ethics to keep pace with for pragmatic moral guidance1 . Recent revelations about the human genome, such as the abundance of copy

  3. A Framework for Migrating Web Applications to Web Services

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cordy, James R.

    A Framework for Migrating Web Applications to Web Services Asil A. Almonaies, Manar H. Alalfi-automatically migrat- ing monolithic legacy web applications to service oriented architecture (SOA) by separating potentially reusable features as web services. Software design re- covery and source transformation techniques

  4. A Lightweight, Scalable Grid Computing Framework for Parallel Bioinformatics Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Sterck, Hans

    and methods for solving large scientific and engineering problems on such parallel and distributed computersA Lightweight, Scalable Grid Computing Framework for Parallel Bioinformatics Applications Hans De Sterck Department of Applied Mathematics University of Waterloo Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1, Canada Email

  5. A Generic Auto-Provisioning Framework for Cloud Databases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    's operational cost, estimated based on the IaaS provider's pricing model, while sat- isfying QoS expectations to avoid up-front capital expenses and reduce cost of ownership over time. DBMSs are good candidates framework that identifies a collection of minimum-cost infrastructure resources (i.e., a set of po

  6. A Modified Reactive Control Framework for Cooperative Mobile Robots

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A Modified Reactive Control Framework for Cooperative Mobile Robots J. Salido a , J.M. Dolan a , J Dept. of Electrical & Computer Engineering, Carnegie Mellon Univ. Pittsburgh, PA 15213­3890 USA. Purely reactive approaches such as that of Brooks are efficient, but lack a mechanism for global control

  7. Zeolitic imidazolate frameworks for kinetic separation of propane and propene

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Li, Jing; Li, Kunhao; Olson, David H.

    2014-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Zeolitic Imidazolate Frameworks (ZIFs) characterized by organic ligands consisting of imidazole ligands that are either essentially all 2-chloroimidazole ligands or essentially all 2-bromoimidazole ligands are disclosed. Methods for separating propane and propene with the ZIFs of the present invention, as well as other ZIFs, are also disclosed.

  8. A Test Calculus Framework applied to network security policies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    A Test Calculus Framework applied to network security policies Yli`es Falcone1 , Jean'H`eres, France Abstract. We propose a syntax-driven test generation technique to au- tomaticaly derive abstract test cases from a set of requirements expressed in a linear temporal logic. Assuming that an elementary

  9. Information Extraction in the KELP Framework Robert Dale, Marc Tilbrook

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dale, Robert

    Information Extraction in the KELP Framework Robert Dale, Marc Tilbrook Centre for Language In this paper, we describe some early steps in a new approach to information extraction. The aim of the kelp, to reconcile and combine the informational elements found in a text. 2 Background The goal of the kelp1 project

  10. Computational Experience with a Software Framework for Parallel Integer Programming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ralphs, Ted

    from NSF grant DMI-0522796 Department of Mathematical Sciences, IBM T. J. Watson Research Center, Yorktown Heights, NY 10598, ladanyi@us.ibm.com § Department of Mathematical Sciences, Clemson UniversityComputational Experience with a Software Framework for Parallel Integer Programming Y. Xu T. K

  11. A Statistical Framework for Intrusion Detection in Ad Hoc Networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sarkar, Saswati

    with limited processing power. The overall framework provides a good balance between complexity and performance means of electronic com- munication in areas where establishing infrastructure like base stations etc. [5], [6]. These intrusions leverage system vulnerabilities. There are two ways to prevent

  12. A Framework for Flexible Access Control in Digital Library Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ray, Indrajit

    A Framework for Flexible Access Control in Digital Library Systems Indrajit Ray and Sudip. Traditional access control models are often found to be inadequate for digital libraries. This is because the user population for digital libraries is very dynamic and not completely known in advance. In addition

  13. A Knowledge Management Framework to Morph Clinical Cases with Clinical

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abidi, Syed Sibte Raza

    A Knowledge Management Framework to Morph Clinical Cases with Clinical Practice Guidelines Fehmida-base and maps it to corresponding explicit knowledge stored in clinical practice guidelines. The novelty of our--i.e. clinical practice guidelines--and experiential knowledge--i.e. past clinical cases. Here we present

  14. A Framework for Schema Evolution by Meta Object Manipulation \\Lambda

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scholl, Marc H.

    A Framework for Schema Evolution by Meta Object Manipulation \\Lambda Markus Tresch Department@inf.ethz.ch Abstract In this paper we address the problem of schema evolution in object­oriented da­ tabase systems. Most currently available database prototypes either completely lack schema evolution facilities

  15. (UR-16) Integrated Framework for Lifecycle Infrastructure Management Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammad, Amin

    1 (UR-16) Integrated Framework for Lifecycle Infrastructure Management Systems Cheng Zhang1 Elaheh throughout the lifecycle of an infrastructure system, such as a bridge, including construction, inspection only limited support for representing and visualizing this information. Using a 4D product model

  16. Designing a Virtual Manikin Animation Framework Aimed at Virtual Prototyping.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    - of available new scientific techniques to animate Virtual Humans, in a new control scheme that better answersDesigning a Virtual Manikin Animation Framework Aimed at Virtual Prototyping. Antoine Rennuit1, 2, and analyse human behaviour in the product's environment (for maintenance, ergonomics...), thanks to Virtual

  17. Technology Infusion for Complex Systems: A Framework and Case Study*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Weck, Olivier L.

    Technology Infusion for Complex Systems: A Framework and Case Study* Eun Suk Suh,1, Michael R Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02139TECHNOLOGY INFUSION FOR COMPLEX SYSTEMS: CASE STUDY Received 1 July 2008 in today's competitive environment constantly need to develop new technolo- gies and infuse them

  18. A FRAMEWORK TO DESIGN AND OPTIMIZE CHEMICAL FLOODING PROCESSES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mojdeh Delshad; Gary A. Pope; Kamy Sepehrnoori

    2004-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The goal of this proposed research is to provide an efficient and user friendly simulation framework for screening and optimizing chemical/microbial enhanced oil recovery processes. The framework will include (1) a user friendly interface to identify the variables that have the most impact on oil recovery using the concept of experimental design and response surface maps, (2) UTCHEM reservoir simulator to perform the numerical simulations, and (3) an economic model that automatically imports the simulation production data to evaluate the profitability of a particular design. Such a reservoir simulation framework is not currently available to the oil industry. The objectives of Task 1 are to develop three primary modules representing reservoir, chemical, and well data. The modules will be interfaced with an already available experimental design model. The objective of the Task 2 is to incorporate UTCHEM reservoir simulator and the modules with the strategic variables and developing the response surface maps to identify the significant variables from each module. The objective of the Task 3 is to develop the economic model designed specifically for the chemical processes targeted in this proposal and interface the economic model with UTCHEM production output. Task 4 is on the validation of the framework and performing simulations of oil reservoirs to screen, design and optimize the chemical processes.

  19. Cloud computing strategic framework (FY13 - FY15).

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arellano, Lawrence R.; Arroyo, Steven C.; Giese, Gerald J.; Cox, Philip M.; Rogers, G. Kelly

    2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document presents an architectural framework (plan) and roadmap for the implementation of a robust Cloud Computing capability at Sandia National Laboratories. It is intended to be a living document and serve as the basis for detailed implementation plans, project proposals and strategic investment requests.

  20. Highly Reversible Open Framework Nanoscale Electrodes for Divalent Ion Batteries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cui, Yi

    Blue family of open framework materials, such as nickel hexacyanoferrate, allow for the reversible of protons and lithium ions into solid materials has led to the success of nickel metal hydride and lithium materials have been studied extensively.15,16,18,20-23 Electrodeposited PB thin films have demonstrated

  1. Framework to analyze Risk of Climate Change on Water

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keller, Arturo A.

    Framework to analyze Risk of Climate Change on Water and Energy Sustainability Denis AELBRECHT Sustainability ­ D. Aelbrecht et al. Western Energy-Water Forum, Santa Barbara, March 2007 Or subtitle 1 ... How and Energy Sustainability ­ D. Aelbrecht et al. Western Energy-Water Forum, Santa Barbara, March 2007

  2. cars: A New Code Generation Framework for Clustered ILP Processors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kailas, Krishnan

    â??glu z Ashok Agrawala \\Lambda y Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering z T. J. Watson Research are characterized by a large number of non­centralized on­chip re­ sources grouped into clusters. Traditional code we present cars, a code generation framework for Clustered ILP processors, which combines the cluster

  3. A Robust Optimization Framework for Analyzing Distribution Systems with Transshipment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chaudhuri, Sanjay

    A Robust Optimization Framework for Analyzing Distribution Systems with Transshipment Mabel Chou operations. Mabel Chou NUS Business School National University of Singapore Singapore 117592 Email: bizchoum Email: dscsimm@nus.edu.sg Kut C. So The Paul Merage School of Business University of California Irvine

  4. PROJECT GOALS Develop a framework for the documentation of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PROJECT GOALS Develop a framework for the documentation of proposed `People' and `Integration A set of seven spreadsheet documents, each with multiple sheets, collating data on proposed indicators is ongoing and involves the collation of data from newsletters, staff documents, media reports, previous

  5. A Security Framework for Agent-based Systems Jamal Bentahar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bentahar, Jamal

    1 A Security Framework for Agent-based Systems Jamal Bentahar Concordia Institute for Information to security fail to adequately address the e-computing challenges posed by open systems. They are mostly based, Canada Accepted: August 2007 Abstract Purpose ­ This paper aims to address some security issues in open

  6. 32 TaskSpaces: A Software Framework for Parallel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Sterck, Hans

    and Computational Biology, A. Zomaya, editor, John Wiley and Sons, 2005. i #12;Contents 32 Parallel Bioinformatics32 TaskSpaces: A Software Framework for Parallel Bioinformatics on Computational Grids HANS DE, there is a natural drive towards applying parallel and distributed computing to bioinformatics problems. Grid

  7. Site transition framework for long-term surveillance and maintenance

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2014-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document provides a framework for all U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) facilities and sites where DOE may have anticipated long-term surveillance and maintenance (LTSM) responsibilities. It is a tool to help facilitate a smooth transition from remediation to LTSM, providing a systematic process for affected parties to utilize in analyzing the baseline to understand and manage the actions from EM mission completion through a site’s transition into LTSM. The framework is not meant to provide an exhaustive list of the specific requirement and information that are needed. Sites will have unique considerations that may not be adequately addressed by this tool, and it is anticipated that a team comprised of the transferring and receiving organization will use judgment in utilizing this augmenting with other DOE guidance. However the framework should be followed to the extent possible at each site; and adapted to accommodate unique site-specific requirements, needs, and documents. Since the objective of the tool is facilitate better understanding of the conditions of the site and the actions required for transfer, the transition team utilizing the checklist is expected to consult with management of both the receiving and transferring organization to verify that major concerns are addressed. Ideally, this framework should be used as early in the remediation process as possible. Subsequent applications of the Site Transition Framework (STF) to the site should be conducted periodically and used to verify that all appropriate steps have been or will be taken to close-out the site and that actions by both organization are identified to transfer the site to LTSM. The requirements are provided herein.

  8. A Holistic Framework for Environmental Flows Determination in Hydropower Contexts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McManamay, Ryan A [ORNL; Bevelhimer, Mark S [ORNL

    2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Among the ecological science community, the consensus view is that the natural flow regime sustains the ecological integrity of river systems. This prevailing viewpoint by many environmental stakeholders has progressively led to increased pressure on hydropower dam owners to change plant operations to affect downstream river flows with the intention of providing better conditions for aquatic biological communities. Identifying the neccessary magnitude, frequency, duration, timing, or rate of change of stream flows to meet ecological needs in a hydropower context is challenging because the ecological responses to changes in flows may not be fully known, there are usually a multitude of competing users of flow, and implementing environmental flows usually comes at a price to energy production. Realistically, hydropower managers must develop a reduced set of goals that provide the most benefit to the identified ecological needs. As a part of the Department of Energy (DOE) Water Power Program, the Instream Flow Project (IFP) was carried out by Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), and Argon National Laboratory (ANL) as an attempt to develop tools aimed at defining environmental flow needs for hydropower operations. The application of these tools ranges from national to site-specific scales; thus, the utility of each tool will depend on various phases of the environmental flow process. Given the complexity and sheer volume of applications used to determine environmentally acceptable flows for hydropower, a framework is needed to organize efforts into a staged process dependent upon spatial, temporal, and functional attributes. By far, the predominant domain for determining environmental flows related to hydropower is within the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) relicensing process. This process can take multiple years and can be very expensive depending on the scale of each hydropower project. The utility of such a framework is that it can expedite the environmental flow process by 1) organizing data and applications to identify predictable relationships between flows and ecology, and 2) suggesting when and where tools should be used in the environmental flow process. In addition to regulatory procedures, a framework should also provide the coordination for a comprehensive research agenda to guide the science of environmental flows. This research program has further reaching benefits than just environmental flow determination by providing modeling applications, data, and geospatial layers to inform potential hydropower development. We address several objectives within this document that highlight the limitations of existing environmental flow paradigms and their applications to hydropower while presenting a new framework catered towards hydropower needs. Herein, we address the following objectives: 1) Provide a brief overview of the Natural Flow Regime paradigm and existing environmental flow frameworks that have been used to determine ecologically sensitive stream flows for hydropower operations. 2) Describe a new conceptual framework to aid in determining flows needed to meet ecological objectives with regard to hydropower operations. The framework is centralized around determining predictable relationships between flow and ecological responses. 3) Provide evidence of how efforts from ORNL, PNNL, and ANL have filled some of the gaps in this broader framework, and suggest how the framework can be used to set the stage for a research agenda for environmental flow.

  9. Robust Monotonic Optimization Framework for Multicell MISO Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Björnson, Emil; Bengtsson, Mats; Ottersten, Björn

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The performance of multiuser systems is both difficult to measure fairly and to solve optimally. Most resource allocation problems are non-convex, even under simplifying assumptions such as perfect channel knowledge, homogeneous channel properties among users, and simple power constraints. Herein, we establish a general optimization framework that systematically solves these problems to global optimality. The proposed branch-reduce-and-bound (BRB) algorithm handles general multicell downlink systems with single-antenna users, multiantenna transmitters, arbitrary linear power constraints, and robustness to channel uncertainty. The problem of robust optimization with fairness-profile is solved at each iteration, which is a quasi-convex problem and a novel generalization of regular max-min fairness. The BRB algorithm is in general computationally costly, but it shows far better convergence than the previously known outer polyblock approximation algorithm. Our framework is suitable for computing benchmarks in gen...

  10. A framework for the assessment of severe accident management strategies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kastenberg, W.E. [ed.; Apostolakis, G.; Dhir, V.K. [California Univ., Los Angeles, CA (United States). Dept. of Mechanical, Aerospace and Nuclear Engineering] [and others

    1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Severe accident management can be defined as the use of existing and/or altemative resources, systems and actors to prevent or mitigate a core-melt accident. For each accident sequence and each combination of severe accident management strategies, there may be several options available to the operator, and each involves phenomenological and operational considerations regarding uncertainty. Operational uncertainties include operator, system and instrumentation behavior during an accident. A framework based on decision trees and influence diagrams has been developed which incorporates such criteria as feasibility, effectiveness, and adverse effects, for evaluating potential severe accident management strategies. The framework is also capable of propagating both data and model uncertainty. It is applied to several potential strategies including PWR cavity flooding, BWR drywell flooding, PWR depressurization and PWR feed and bleed.

  11. Metal-organic frameworks for Xe/Kr separation

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ryan, Patrick J.; Farha, Omar K.; Broadbelt, Linda J.; Snurr, Randall Q.; Bae, Youn-Sang

    2013-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Metal-organic framework (MOF) materials are provided and are selectively adsorbent to xenon (Xe) over another noble gas such as krypton (Kr) and/or argon (Ar) as a result of having framework voids (pores) sized to this end. MOF materials having pores that are capable of accommodating a Xe atom but have a small enough pore size to receive no more than one Xe atom are desired to preferentially adsorb Xe over Kr in a multi-component (Xe--Kr mixture) adsorption method. The MOF material has 20% or more, preferably 40% or more, of the total pore volume in a pore size range of 0.45-0.75 nm which can selectively adsorb Xe over Kr in a multi-component Xe--Kr mixture over a pressure range of 0.01 to 1.0 MPa.

  12. An expert system framework for nondestructive waste assay

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Becker, G.K.

    1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Management and disposition of transuranic (RU) waste forms necessitates determining entrained RU and associated radioactive material quantities as per National RU Waste Characterization Program requirements. Technical justification and demonstration of a given NDA method used to determine RU mass and uncertainty in accordance with program quality assurance is difficult for many waste forms. Difficulties are typically founded in waste NDA methods that employ standards compensation and/or employment of simplifying assumptions on waste form configurations. Capability to determine and justify RU mass and mass uncertainty can be enhanced through integration of waste container data/information using expert system and empirical data-driven techniques with conventional data acquisition and analysis. Presented is a preliminary expert system framework that integrates the waste form data base, alogrithmic techniques, statistical analyses, expert domain knowledge bases, and empirical artificial intelligence modules into a cohesive system. The framework design and bases in addition to module development activities are discussed.

  13. A Structured Framework for Assessing the "Goodness" of Agile Methods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soundararajan, Shvetha

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Agile Methods are designed for customization; they offer an organization or a team the flexibility to adopt a set of principles and practices based on their culture and values. While that flexibility is consistent with the agile philosophy, it can lead to the adoption of principles and practices that can be sub-optimal relative to the desired objectives. We question then, how can one determine if adopted practices are "in sync" with the identified principles, and to what extent those principles support organizational objectives? In this research, we focus on assessing the "goodness" of an agile method adopted by an organization based on (1) its adequacy, (2) the capability of the organization to provide the supporting environment to competently implement the method, and (3) its effectiveness. To guide our assessment, we propose the Objectives, Principles and Practices (OPP) framework. The design of the OPP framework revolves around the identification of the agile objectives, principles that support the achiev...

  14. Metal-organic frameworks for Xe/Kr separation

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Ryan, Patrick J.; Farha, Omar K.; Broadbelt, Linda J.; Snurr, Randall Q.; Bae, Youn-Sang

    2014-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Metal-organic framework (MOF) materials are provided and are selectively adsorbent to xenon (Xe) over another noble gas such as krypton (Kr) and/or argon (Ar) as a result of having framework voids (pores) sized to this end. MOF materials having pores that are capable of accommodating a Xe atom but have a small enough pore size to receive no more than one Xe atom are desired to preferentially adsorb Xe over Kr in a multi-component (Xe--Kr mixture) adsorption method. The MOF material has 20% or more, preferably 40% or more, of the total pore volume in a pore size range of 0.45-0.75 nm which can selectively adsorb Xe over Kr in a multi-component Xe--Kr mixture over a pressure range of 0.01 to 1.0 MPa.

  15. Towards secure virtual directories : a risk analysis framework.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Claycomb, William R.

    2010-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Directory services are used by almost every enterprise computing environment to provide data concerning users, computers, contacts, and other objects. Virtual directories are components that provide directory services in a highly customized manner. Unfortunately, though the use of virtual directory services are widespread, an analysis of risks posed by their unique position and architecture has not been completed. We present a detailed analysis of six attacks to virtual directory services, including steps for detection and prevention. We also describe various categories of attack risks, and discuss what is necessary to launch an attack on virtual directories. Finally, we present a framework to use in analyzing risks to individual enterprise computing virtual directory instances. We show how to apply this framework to an example implementation, and discuss the benefits of doing so.

  16. Scalable replica-exchange framework for Wang Landau sampling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vogel, Thomas [University of Georgia, Athens, GA; Li, Ying Wai [ORNL; Wuest, Thomas [Swiss Federal Research Institute, Switzerland; Landau, David P [University of Georgia, Athens, GA

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate a generic, parallel replica-exchange framework for Monte Carlo simulations based on the Wang Landau method. To demonstrate its advantages and general applicability for massively parallel simulations of complex systems, we apply it to lattice spin models, the self-assembly process in amphiphilic solutions, and the adsorption of molecules on surfaces. While of general, current interest, the latter phenomena are challenging to study computationally because of multiple structural transitions occurring over a broad temperature range. We show how the parallel framework facilitates simulations of such processes and, without any loss of accuracy or precision, gives a significant speedup and allows for the study of much larger systems and much wider temperature ranges than possible with single-walker methods.

  17. A New Framework for Science and Technology Policy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    VanDevender, J.P.

    1999-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

    The usual divisions of science and technology into pure research applied research, development, demonstration, and production creates impediments for moving knowledge into socially useful products and services. This failing has been previously discussed without concrete suggestions of how to improve the situation. In the proposed framework the divisive and artificial distinctions of basic and applied are softened, and the complementary and somewhat overlapping roles of universities, corporations, and federal labs are clarified to enable robust partnerships. As a collegial group of scientists and technologists from industry, university, and government agencies and their national laboratories, we have worked together to clarify this framework. We offer the results in hopes of improving the results from investments in science and technology and thereby helping strengthen the social contract between the public and private investors and the scientists-technologists.

  18. Fibre bundle framework for unitary quantum fault tolerance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daniel Gottesman; Lucy Liuxuan Zhang

    2013-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

    We introduce a differential geometric framework for describing families of quantum error-correcting codes and for understanding quantum fault tolerance. This work unifies the notion of topological fault tolerance with fault tolerance in other kinds of quantum error-correcting codes. In particular, we use fibre bundles with a natural flat projective connection to study the transformation of codewords under unitary fault-tolerant evolutions. We show that the fault-tolerant logical operations are given by the monodromy group for either of two bundles, both of which have flat projective connections. As concrete realizations of the general framework, we construct the bundles explicitly for two examples of fault-tolerant families of operations, the qudit transversal gates and the string operators in the toric code.

  19. Framework for Project Development in the Renewable Energy Sector

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Springer, R.

    2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The concepts, descriptions, diagrams, and acronyms developed and described herein are meant to provide a contextual framework as well as a systematic, repeatable process to assist a potential project sponsor in understanding and navigating early-stage project development. Professional project developers will recognize these concepts and hold them as intuitive and even obvious, though the fundamentals of this specialized field are rarely written down and defined as they are here.

  20. A Three-layered Conceptual Framework of Data Mining

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yao, Yiyu

    A Three-layered Conceptual Framework of Data Mining Y.Y. Yao1 , N. Zhong2 and Y. Zhao1 1 Department-Cho, Maebashi 371, Japan E-mail: zhong@maebashi-it.ac.jp Summary. The study of the foundations of data mining may be viewed as a scien- tific inquiry into the nature of data mining and the scope of data mining

  1. A Generic Framework for Interprocedural Analysis of Numerical Properties

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seidl, Helmut

    A Generic Framework for Interprocedural Analysis of Numerical Properties Markus MË?uller­Olm 1, Germany markus.mueller­olm@cs.uni­dortmund.de 2 TU MË?unchen, Institut fË?ur Informatik, I2 80333 M of the abstracted collecting semantics is also used by MË?uller­Olm and Seidl in [12] where (in absence of equality

  2. Applying the CobiT Control Framework to Spreadsheet Developments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Butler, Raymond J

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the problems reported by researchers and auditors in the field of spreadsheet risks is that of getting and keeping managements attention to the problem. Since 1996, the Information Systems Audit & Control Foundation and the IT Governance Institute have published CobiT which brings mainstream IT control issues into the corporate governance arena. This paper illustrates how spreadsheet risk and control issues can be mapped onto the CobiT framework and thus brought to managers attention in a familiar format.

  3. FRAMEWORK GEOLOGY OF FORT UNION COAL IN THE WILLISTON BASIN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chapter WF FRAMEWORK GEOLOGY OF FORT UNION COAL IN THE WILLISTON BASIN By R.M. Flores,1 C.W. Keighin,1 A.M. Ochs,2 P.D. Warwick,1 L.R. Bader,1 and E.C. Murphy3 in U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1625-A 1 U.S. Geological Survey 2 Consultant, U.S. Geological Survey, Denver, Colorado 3 North

  4. Cadmium and Zinc Thiolate and Selenolate Metal-Organic Frameworks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Turner, D.; Stone, K; Stephens, P; Vaid, T

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Metal-organic frameworks based on metal-sulfur or metal-selenium bonds are relatively rare; herein we describe the synthesis and structural characterization of several examples, including, for example, [Cd(en){sub 3}][Cd(SC{sub 6}H{sub 4}S){sub 2}], which contains the anionic two-dimensional square-grid network [Cd(SC{sub 6}H{sub 4}S){sub 2}]{sub n}{sup 2n-}.

  5. Building problem solving environments with the arches framework

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Debardeleben, Nathan [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Sass, Ron [U NORTH CAROLINA; Stanzione, Jr., Daniel [ASU; Ligon, Ill, Walter [CLEMSON UNIV

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The computational problems that scientists face are rapidly escalating in size and scope. Moreover, the computer systems used to solve these problems are becoming significantly more complex than the familiar, well-understood sequential model on their desktops. While it is possible to re-train scientists to use emerging high-performance computing (HPC) models, it is much more effective to provide them with a higher-level programming environment that has been specialized to their particular domain. By fostering interaction between HPC specialists and the domain scientists, problem-solving environments (PSEs) provide a collaborative environment. A PSE environment allows scientists to focus on expressing their computational problem while the PSE and associated tools support mapping that domain-specific problem to a high-performance computing system. This article describes Arches, an object-oriented framework for building domain-specific PSEs. The framework was designed to support a wide range of problem domains and to be extensible to support very different high-performance computing targets. To demonstrate this flexibility, two PSEs have been developed from the Arches framework to solve problem in two different domains and target very different computing platforms. The Coven PSE supports parallel applications that require large-scale parallelism found in cost-effective Beowulf clusters. In contrast, RCADE targets FPGA-based reconfigurable computing and was originally designed to aid NASA Earth scientists studying satellite instrument data.

  6. HistFitter software framework for statistical data analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Baak; G. J. Besjes; D. Cote; A. Koutsman; J. Lorenz; D. Short

    2014-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a software framework for statistical data analysis, called HistFitter, that has been used extensively by the ATLAS Collaboration to analyze big datasets originating from proton-proton collisions at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN. Since 2012 HistFitter has been the standard statistical tool in searches for supersymmetric particles performed by ATLAS. HistFitter is a programmable and flexible framework to build, book-keep, fit, interpret and present results of data models of nearly arbitrary complexity. Starting from an object-oriented configuration, defined by users, the framework builds probability density functions that are automatically fitted to data and interpreted with statistical tests. A key innovation of HistFitter is its design, which is rooted in core analysis strategies of particle physics. The concepts of control, signal and validation regions are woven into its very fabric. These are progressively treated with statistically rigorous built-in methods. Being capable of working with multiple data models at once, HistFitter introduces an additional level of abstraction that allows for easy bookkeeping, manipulation and testing of large collections of signal hypotheses. Finally, HistFitter provides a collection of tools to present results with publication-quality style through a simple command-line interface.

  7. A flexible framework for secure and efficient program obfuscation.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Solis, John Hector

    2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper, we present a modular framework for constructing a secure and efficient program obfuscation scheme. Our approach, inspired by the obfuscation with respect to oracle machines model of [4], retains an interactive online protocol with an oracle, but relaxes the original computational and storage restrictions. We argue this is reasonable given the computational resources of modern personal devices. Furthermore, we relax the information-theoretic security requirement for computational security to utilize established cryptographic primitives. With this additional flexibility we are free to explore different cryptographic buildingblocks. Our approach combines authenticated encryption with private information retrieval to construct a secure program obfuscation framework. We give a formal specification of our framework, based on desired functionality and security properties, and provide an example instantiation. In particular, we implement AES in Galois/Counter Mode for authenticated encryption and the Gentry-Ramzan [13]constant communication-rate private information retrieval scheme. We present our implementation results and show that non-trivial sized programs can be realized, but scalability is quickly limited by computational overhead. Finally, we include a discussion on security considerations when instantiating specific modules.

  8. The OME Framework for genome-scale systems biology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Palsson, Bernhard O.; Ebrahim, Ali; Federowicz, Steve

    2014-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

    The life sciences are undergoing continuous and accelerating integration with computational and engineering sciences. The biology that many in the field have been trained on may be hardly recognizable in ten to twenty years. One of the major drivers for this transformation is the blistering pace of advancements in DNA sequencing and synthesis. These advances have resulted in unprecedented amounts of new data, information, and knowledge. Many software tools have been developed to deal with aspects of this transformation and each is sorely needed [1-3]. However, few of these tools have been forced to deal with the full complexity of genome-scale models along with high throughput genome- scale data. This particular situation represents a unique challenge, as it is simultaneously necessary to deal with the vast breadth of genome-scale models and the dizzying depth of high-throughput datasets. It has been observed time and again that as the pace of data generation continues to accelerate, the pace of analysis significantly lags behind [4]. It is also evident that, given the plethora of databases and software efforts [5-12], it is still a significant challenge to work with genome-scale metabolic models, let alone next-generation whole cell models [13-15]. We work at the forefront of model creation and systems scale data generation [16-18]. The OME Framework was borne out of a practical need to enable genome-scale modeling and data analysis under a unified framework to drive the next generation of genome-scale biological models. Here we present the OME Framework. It exists as a set of Python classes. However, we want to emphasize the importance of the underlying design as an addition to the discussions on specifications of a digital cell. A great deal of work and valuable progress has been made by a number of communities [13, 19-24] towards interchange formats and implementations designed to achieve similar goals. While many software tools exist for handling genome-scale metabolic models or for genome-scale data analysis, no implementations exist that explicitly handle data and models concurrently. The OME Framework structures data in a connected loop with models and the components those models are composed of. This results in the first full, practical implementation of a framework that can enable genome-scale design-build-test. Over the coming years many more software packages will be developed and tools will necessarily change. However, we hope that the underlying designs shared here can help to inform the design of future software.

  9. Integrating Agricultural and Forestry GHG Mitigation Response into General Economy Frameworks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCarl, Bruce A.

    Integrating Agricultural and Forestry GHG Mitigation Response into General Economy Frameworks. #12;2 Integrating Agricultural and Forestry GHG Mitigation Response into General Economy Frameworks for characterizing potential responses to greenhouse gas mitigation policies by the agriculture and forestry

  10. A Framework of Lessons Learned from Community-Based Marine Reserves and Its Effectiveness in

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Queensland, University of

    A Framework of Lessons Learned from Community- Based Marine Reserves and Its Effectiveness factors for success. Reviewing relevant literature, we present a framework of "lessons learned" during; Community-based; coral reef conservation; Philippines; Alternative livelihood; Lessons learned Published

  11. NIST Special Publication 1108R2 NIST Framework and Roadmap for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NIST Special Publication 1108R2 NIST Framework and Roadmap for Smart Grid Interoperability;NIST Special Publication 1108R2 NIST Framework and Roadmap for Smart Grid Interoperability Standards

  12. CVSys: A Coordination Framework for Dynamic and Fully Distributed Cardiovascular Modeling and Simulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Irvine, University of

    CVSys: A Coordination Framework for Dynamic and Fully Distributed Cardiovascular Modeling and dynamic simulation control. This coordination framework uniquely incorporates attributes of open indigenous and a more integrated system representation. Dynamic simulation control serves to interject new

  13. Building Blocks for Mobile Games : A multiplayer framework for App Inventor for Android

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Magnuson, Bill

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Building Blocks for Mobile Games is a client-server multiplayer game-building-framework for the App Inventor for Android platform. The Building Blocks for Mobile Games multiplayer framework includes an App Inventor component ...

  14. Dynamic cycles of strategy, marketing and sales : a framework for capital goods industries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rezende de Azevedo, Tadeu

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis proposes a framework to help managers facing growth challenges or commoditization problems in business to business, particularly with capital goods. The framework is based on the proposition that strategy, ...

  15. A thermodynamical framework for the solidification of molten polymers and its application to fiber extrusion

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kannan, Krishna

    2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    A thermodynamical framework is presented that describes the solidification of molten polymers to an amorphous as well as to a semicrystalline solid-like state. This framework fits into a general structure developed for materials undergoing a large...

  16. Towards a deployable framework for delegation of authority in network applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stockwell, Will (Will C.)

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Delegation Framework is a collection of programs, network protocols and library interfaces that provide fine-grained delegation of authority to network systems. The design and implementation of the Delegation Framework ...

  17. A Framework for Environmental Assessment of CO2 Capture and Storage Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sathre, Roger

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and benefits. Life-cycle assessment (LCA) is a framework forEmploying the life-cycle assessment (LCA) framework maylife cycle assessment; Part 2: impact assessment and interpretation. Int J LCA

  18. Framework for multi-vehicle adaptive sampling of jets and plumes in coastal zones

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gildner, Matthew Lee

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis presents a framework for the sampling of thermal and effluent jets and plumes using multiple autonomous surface vehicles. The framework was developed with the goal of achieving rapid and accurate in-situ ...

  19. An impulse framework for hydrodynamic force analysis : fish propulsion, water entry of spheres, and marine propellers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Epps, Brenden P

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis presents an impulse framework for analyzing the hydrodynamic forces on bodies in flow. This general theoretical framework is widely applicable, and it is used to address the hydrodynamics of fish propulsion, ...

  20. An Energy-Efficient Framework for Large-Scale Parallel Storage Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qin, Xiao

    An Energy-Efficient Framework for Large-Scale Parallel Storage Systems Ziliang Zong, Matt Briggs-scale and energy-efficient parallel storage systems. To validate the efficiency of the proposed framework, a buffer that this new framework can significantly improves the energy efficiency of large-scale parallel storage systems