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1

Emergency Diesel Generator Digital Control System Upgrade Requirements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This interim report documents the development of system requirements for a digital control system upgrade to the station emergency diesel generators (EDGs). Operators of nuclear power plants (NPPs) must be able to replace and upgrade equipment in a cost-effective manner while continuing to meet safety and reliability requirements and controlling modification costs. Upgrades to plant equipment—especially instrumentation and control (I&C) systems—typically involve replacement of analog ...

2013-12-18T23:59:59.000Z

2

Requirements Engineering for Digital Upgrades: Specification, Analysis, and Tracking  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As nuclear power plants upgrade their instrumentation and control (I&C) systems with digital equipment to continue meeting safety and reliability requirements while controlling operating costs, the transition to the new technology has brought new challenges in properly specifying and confirming the correct performance of digital systems and devices. This guideline describes an approach that utilities can use to refine and improve their processes for developing and verifying requirements for digital upgra...

1997-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

3

Upgrades to meet LANL SF, 121-2011, hazardous waste facility permit requirements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Members of San IIdefonso have requested information from LANL regarding implementation of the revision to LANL's Hazardous Waste Facility Permit (the RCRA Permit). On January 26, 2011, LANL staff from the Waste Disposition Project and the Environmental Protection Division will provide a status update to Pueblo members at the offices of the San IIdefonso Department of Environmental and Cultural Preservation. The Waste Disposition Project presentation will focus on upgrades and improvements to LANL waste management facilities at TA-50 and TA-54. The New Mexico Environment Department issued LANL's revised Hazardous Waste Facility permit on November 30, 2010 with a 30-day implementation period. The Waste Disposition Project manages and operates four of LANL's permitted facilities; the Waste Characterization, Reduction and Repackaging Facility (WCRRF) at TA-SO, and Area G, Area L and the Radioassay and Nondestructive Testing facility (RANT) at TA-54. By implementing a combination of permanent corrective action activities and shorter-term compensatory measures, WDP was able to achieve functional compliance on December 30, 2010 with new Permit requirements at each of our facilities. One component of WOP's mission at LANL is centralized management and disposition of the Laboratory's hazardous and mixed waste. To support this mission objective, WOP has undertaken a project to upgrade our facilities and equipment to achieve fully compliant and efficient waste management operations. Upgrades to processes, equipment and facilities are being designed to provide defense-in-depth beyond the minimum, regulatory requirements where worker safety and protection of the public and the environment are concerned. Upgrades and improvements to enduring waste management facilities and operations are being designed so as not to conflict with future closure activities at Material Disposal Area G and Material Disposal Area L.

French, Sean B [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Johns - Hughes, Kathryn W [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2011-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

4

Upgrade of 400,000 gallon water storage tank at Argonne National Laboratory-West to UCRL-15910 high hazard seismic requirements  

SciTech Connect

As part of the Integral Fast Reactor (IFR) Project at Argonne National Laboratory West (ANL-W), it was necessary to strengthen an existing 400,000 gallon flat-bottom water storage tank to meet UCRL-15910 (currently formulated as DOE Standard DOE-STD-1020-92, Draft) high hazard natural phenomena requirements. The tank was constructed in 1988 and preliminary calculations indicated that the existing base anchorage was insufficient to prevent buckling and potential failure during a high hazard seismic event. General design criteria, including ground motion input, load combinations, etc., were based upon the requirements of UCRL-15910 for high hazard facilities. The analysis and capacity assessment criteria were based on the Generic Implementation Procedure developed by the Seismic Qualification Utilities Group (SQUG). Upgrade modifications, consisting of increasing the size of the Generic Implementation Procedure developed by the Seismic Qualification Utilities Group (SQUG). Upgrade modifications, consisting of increasing the size of the foundation and installing additional anchor bolts and chairs, were necessary to increase the capacity of the tank anchorage/support system. The construction of the upgrades took place in 1992 while the tank remained in service to allow continued operation of the EBR-II reactor. The major phases of construction included the installation and testing of 144 1/14in. {times} 15in., and 366 1in. {times} 16in. epoxied concrete anchors, placement of 220 cubic yards of concrete heavily reinforced, and installation of 24 1-1/2in. {times} 60in. tank anchor bolts and chairs. A follow-up inspection of the tank interior by a diver was conducted to determine if the interior tank coating had been damaged by the chair welding. The project was completed on schedule and within budget.

Griffin, M.J. [EQE International, Inc., Irvine, CA (United States); Harris, B.G. [Argonne National Lab., Idaho Falls, ID (United States)

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Generic Requirements Specification for Upgrading the Safety-Related Reactor Trip and Engineered Safety Features Actuation Systems in Westinghouse PWR Nuclear Power Plants  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To address obsolescence concerns, a generic requirements specification for digital upgrades to existing reactor trip systems and engineered safety features actuation systems in a Westinghouse pressurized water reactor (PWR) was developed. System requirements are based on a 4-loop PWR with a solid-state protection system since this typifies the most advanced capability level. However, the specification is applicable to relay-based 2- and 3-loop plants where some or all of the advances in the newest solid-...

2001-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

6

Innovative Technology Improves Upgrading Process for Unconventional Oil  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Technology Improves Upgrading Process for Unconventional Technology Improves Upgrading Process for Unconventional Oil Resources Innovative Technology Improves Upgrading Process for Unconventional Oil Resources April 9, 2013 - 1:57pm Addthis Washington, DC - An innovative oil-upgrading technology that can increase the economics of unconventional petroleum resources has been developed under a U.S. Department of Energy -funded project. The promising technology, developed by Ceramatec of Salt Lake City, Utah, and managed by the Office of Fossil Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory, has been licensed to Western Hydrogen of Calgary for upgrading bitumen or heavy oil from Canada. A new company, Field Upgrading (Calgary, Alberta), has been formed dedicated to developing and commercializing the technology. Heavy oil is crude oil that is viscous and requires thermally enhanced oil

7

Increasing wind capacity requires new approaches to electricity ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Electric power generation from wind is increasing rapidly in the United States. Wind power is attractive for its lack of emissions and low operating costs, but its ...

8

Work plan for upgrade of SY-101 Hydrogen Mitigation Test Project Data Acquisition and Control System (DACS-1)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The purpose of this effort is to upgrade the existing DACS-1 used for control and data acquisition in support of the hydrogen mitigation program for tank 101-SY. The planned upgrades will enhance the system capabilities to support additional mitigation projects and improve the system operability by implementing changes identified during operation of the system to date. Once the upgrades have been implemented, the DACS-1 system should operate as it did prior to the upgrade, but with greatly increased speed and capability. No retraining of Test Engineers will be required; the upgrade is designed to be transparent to those who operate it, with only a noticeable increase in the speed of the system. This work plan defines the tasks required for implementing the upgrade. It identifies deliverables, responsible organizations and individuals, interfaces, and schedule. This upgrade effort employs system engineering principles wherever applicable.

Truitt, R.W.

1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Forest Products: Georgia-Pacific's Insulation Upgrade Leads to Reduced Fuel Costs and Increased Process Efficiency  

SciTech Connect

This Steam Challenge Case Study looks at how the company, by insulating steam lines and replacing steam traps, was able to reduce fuel costs, increase process efficiency, and improve plant safety.

Ericksen, E.

1999-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

10

Upgrading of TREAT experimental capabilities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The TREAT facility at the Argonne National Laboratory site in the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory is being upgraded to provide capabilities for fast-reactor-safety transient experiments not possible at any other experimental facility. Principal TREAT Upgrade (TU) goal is provision for 37-pin size experiments on energetics of core-disruptive accidents (CDA) in fast breeder reactor cores with moderate sodium void coefficients. this goal requires a significant enhancement of the capabilities of the TREAT facility, specifically including reactor control, hardened neutron spectrum incident on the test sample, and enlarged building. The upgraded facility will retain the capability for small-size experiments of the types currently being performed in TREAT. Reactor building and crane upgrading have been completed. TU schedules call for the components of the upgraded reactor system to be finished in 1984, including upgraded TREAT fuel and control system, and expanded coverage by the hodoscope fuel-motion diagnostics system.

Dickerman, C.E.; Rose, D.; Bhattacharyya, S.K.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Global Scratch Upgrade in Progress  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Global Scratch Gets Global Scratch Gets an Upgrade Global Scratch Gets an Upgrade Improvements Will Include Higher Data Output Rates, Connection to PDSF October 29, 2013 The most used file system at the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC)-global scratch-just got an upgrade. As a result, some users may see their data output to global scratch reach up to 80 gigabytes per second. Although users will probably not see their 20-terabyte storage quotas increase, the upgrade ensures that global scratch remains flexible and paves the way for PDSF to eventually use the file system Because of the upgrade, users will also be able to better access their temporary data files or "scratch data" from any NERSC system, not just the one that generated it. Prior to the upgrade, Global scratch typically

12

AGS intensity upgrades  

SciTech Connect

After the successful completion of the AGS Booster and several upgrades of the AGS, a new intensity record of 6.3 x 10{sup 13} protons per pulse accelerated to 24 GeV was achieved. The high intensity slow-extracted beam program at the AGS typically serves about five production targets and about eight experiments including three rare Kaon decay experiments. Further intensity upgrades are being discussed that could increase the average delivered beam intensity by up to a factor of four.

Roser, T.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Biochemical upgrading of oils  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for biochemical conversion of heavy crude oils is provided. The process includes contacting heavy crude oils with adapted biocatalysts. The resulting upgraded oil shows, a relative increase in saturated hydrocarbons, emulsions and oxygenates and a decrease in compounds containing in organic sulfur, organic nitrogen and trace metals. Adapted microorganisms which have been modified under challenged growth processes are also disclosed.

Premuzic, Eugene T. (East Moriches, NY); Lin, Mow S. (Rocky Point, NY)

1999-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

14

Biochemical upgrading of oils  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A process for biochemical conversion of heavy crude oils is provided. The process includes contacting heavy crude oils with adapted biocatalysts. The resulting upgraded oil shows, a relative increase in saturated hydrocarbons, emulsions and oxygenates and a decrease in compounds containing organic sulfur, organic nitrogen and trace metals. Adapted microorganisms which have been modified under challenged growth processes are also disclosed. 121 figs.

Premuzic, E.T.; Lin, M.S.

1999-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

15

NSLS control system upgrade status  

SciTech Connect

The NSLS control system initially installed in 1978 has undergone several modifications but the basic system architecture remained relatively unchanged. The need for faster response, increased reliability and better diagnostics made the control system upgrade a priority. Since the NSLS runs continuously, major changes to the control system are difficult. The upgrade plan had to allow continuous incremental changes to the control system without having any detrimental effect on operations. The plan had to provide for immediate improvement in a few key areas, such as data access rates, and be complete in a short time. At present, most accelerator operations utilize the upgraded control system.

Smith, J.; Ramamoorthy, S.; Tang, Y.; Flannigan, J.; Sathe, S.; Keane, J.; Krinsky, S.

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

The LHCb VELO Upgrade  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LHCb is a forward spectrometer experiment dedicated to the study of new physics in the decays of beauty and charm hadrons produced in proton collisions at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN. The VErtex LOcator (VELO) is the microstrip silicon detector surrounding the interaction point, providing tracking and vertexing measurements. The upgrade of the LHCb experiment, planned for 2018, will increase the luminosity up to $\\rm 2\\times10^{33}\\ cm^{-2}s^{-1}$ and will perform the readout as a trigger-less system with an event rate of 40 MHz. Extremely non-uniform radiation doses will reach up to $\\rm 5 \\times 10^{15}$ 1 MeV$\\rm n_{eq}/cm^2$ in the innermost regions of the VELO sensors, and the output data bandwidth will be increased by a factor of 40. An upgraded detector is under development based in a pixel sensor of the Timepix/Medipix family, with 55 x 55 $\\rm \\mu m^2$ pixels. In addition a microstrip solution with finer pitch, higher granularity and thinner than the current detector is being developed in parallel. The current status of the VELO upgrade program will be described together with recent testbeam results.

Rodriguez Perez P.; LHCb VELO Group

2013-02-25T23:59:59.000Z

17

Recharge Elec. Upgrade Type  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

battery can be plugged in to an electric outlet to be recharged. Background: PHEVs 1. How many U" cost) · Variety of upgrade packages selected--some with zero upgrades · Most popular upgrade" Price Scenario ("home recharges" only) · "Base" PHEV=$3,000 premium · Added costs for upgrades (Full

California at Davis, University of

18

Heavy Oil Upgrading from Electron Beam (E-Beam) Irradiation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Society's growing demands for energy results in rapid increase in oil consumption and motivates us to make unconventional resources conventional resources. There are enormous amounts of heavy oil reserves in the world but the lack of cost effective technologies either for extraction, transportation, or refinery upgrading hinders the development of heavy oil reserves. One of the critical problems with heavy oil and bitumen is that they require large amounts of thermal energy and expensive catalysts to upgrade. This thesis demonstrates that electron beam (E-Beam) heavy oil upgrading, which uses unique features of E-Beam irradiation, may be used to improve conventional heavy oil upgrading. E-Beam processing lowers the thermal energy requirements and could sharply reduce the investment in catalysts. The design of the facilities can be simpler and will contribute to lowering the costs of transporting and processing heavy oil and bitumen. E-Beam technology uses the high kinetic energy of fast electrons, which not only transfer their energy but also interact with hydrocarbons to break the heavy molecules with lower thermal energy. In this work, we conducted three major stages to evaluate the applicability of E-Beam for heavy oil upgrading. First, we conducted laboratory experiments to investigate the effects of E-Beam on hydrocarbons. To do so, we used a Van de Graff accelerator, which generates the high kinetic energy of electrons, and a laboratory scale apparatus to investigate extensively how radiation effects hydrocarbons. Second, we studied the energy transfer mechanism of E-Beam upgrading to optimize the process. Third, we conducted a preliminary economic analysis based on energy consumption and compared the economics of E-Beam upgrading with conventional upgrading. The results of our study are very encouraging. From the experiments we found that E-Beam effect on hydrocarbon is significant. We used less thermal energy for distillation of n-hexadecane (n-C16) and naphtha with E-Beam. The results of experiments with asphaltene indicate that E-Beam enhances the decomposition of heavy hydrocarbon molecules and improves the quality of upgraded hydrocarbon. From the study of energy transfer mechanism, we estimated heat loss, fluid movement, and radiation energy distribution during the reaction. The results of our economic evaluation show that E-Beam upgrading appears to be economically feasible in petroleum industry applications. These results indicate significant potential for the application of E-Beam technology throughout the petroleum industry, particularly near production facilities, transportation pipelines, and refining industry.

Yang, Daegil

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Rehabilitating and Upgrading Hydropower Plants: A Hydropower Technology Round-Up Report, Volume 2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Owners of aging hydropower plants are confronted with an array of project and technology options for rehabilitating or upgrading their facilities and are making large capital investment decisions at a time of increasing competitive pressures. Ensuring that investments in plant are optimal requires a thorough understanding of the technologies, approaches and strategies available for rehab and upgrading -- as well as the risks associated with these projects. This volume of EPRI's Hydropower Technology Roun...

1999-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

20

Main Generator Excitation System Upgrade/Retrofit  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Upgrading or replacing even a portion of the excitation system of a generator can provide increased reliability and availability while simultaneously decreasing operational and maintenance costs. However, the upgrade or retrofit of an excitation system is a major cost involving some degree of implementation, installation, or performance risk. This report provides lessons learned, experiences, practices and solutions from plants that have installed excitation system retrofits and upgrades. This informatio...

2005-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "require upgrading increasing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Energy Efficiency Upgrades  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The energy efficiency upgrades project at Hardin County General Hospital did not include research nor was it a demonstration project. The project enabled the hospital to replace outdated systems with modern efficient models. Hardin County General Hospital is a 501c3, nonprofit hospital and the sole community provider for Hardin and Pope Counties of Illinois. This project provided much needed equipment and facility upgrades that would not have been possible through locally generated funding. Task 1 was a reroofing of the hospital. The hospital architect designed the replacement to increase the energy efficiency of the hospital roof/ceiling structure. Task 2 was replacement and installation of a new more efficient CT scanner for the hospital. Included in the project was replacement of HVAC equipment for the entire radiological suite. Task 5 was a replacement and installation of a new higher capacity diesel-fueled emergency generator for the hospital replacing a 50+ year old gas-fired generator. Task 7 was the replacement of 50+ year-old walk-in cooler/freezer with a newer, energy efficient model. Task 8 was the replacement of 10+ year-old washing machines in the hospital laundry with higher capacity, energy efficient models. Task 9 was replacement of 50-year old single pane curtain window system with double-pane insulated windows. Additionally, insulation was added around ventilation systems and the curtain wall system.

Roby Williams

2012-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

22

Tenneco upgrades natural gasoline  

SciTech Connect

Tenneco Oil Co. recently completed a natural gasoline upgrading project at its LaPorte, Tex., facility. The project was started in October 1985. The purpose was to fractionate natural gasoline and isomerize the n-pentane component. Three factors made this a particularly attractive project for the LaPorte complex: 1. The phase down of lead in gasoline made further processing of natural gasoline desirable. 2. Idle equipment and trained personnel were available at the plant as a result of a switch of Tenneco's natural gas liquids (NGL) fractionation to its Mont Belvieu, Tex., facility. 3. The plant interconnects with Houston's local markets. It has pipelines to Mont Belvieu, Texas City, and plants along the Houston Ship Channel, as well as truck, tank car, and barge-loading facilities. Here are the details on the operation of the facilities, the changes which were required to enable the plant to operate successfully, and how this conversion was completed in a timely fashion.

O'Gorman, E.K.

1986-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

DOE/EIS-0169-SA-02: Supplement Analysis for Yakima Fisheries Project --Natural Spawning Channels, Increased On-site Housing and Upgrades to the Prosser Hatchery (8/16/99)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

August 16, 1999 August 16, 1999 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEWI-4 SUBJECT: Supplement Analysis for Yakima Fisheries Project, DOE/EIS-0169-SA-02 David Byrnes Project Manager - KEWN-4 Proposed Action: Yakima Fisheries Project - Natural Spawning Channels, Increased On-site Housing, and Upgrades to the Prosser Hatchery PL-6: F3204 Location: Cle Elum Supplementation and Research Facility, Cle Elum, Washington (CESRF) and Prosser Juvenile Research Facility, Prosser, Washington Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) and Co-Managed by the Yakama Nation (YN) and the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW). 1. Introduction The Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) is funding ongoing studies, research, and artificial production of several salmonid species in the Yakima and Klickitat river basins. BPA analyzed

24

MMCR Upgrades: Present Status and Future Plans  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MMCR Upgrades: Present Status and Future Plans MMCR Upgrades: Present Status and Future Plans K. B. Widener and A. S. Koontz Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, Washington K. P. Moran and K. A. Clark National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Environmental Technology Laboratory Boulder, Colorado C. Chander STC xxxxxxxxx M. A. Miller and K. L. Johnson Brookhaven National Laboratory Upton, New York Abstract In September 2003, the Southern Great Plains (SGP) millimeter wave cloud radar (MMCR) was upgraded to a new digital signal processor that significantly increases the temporal resolution and the processing capability of the MMCR. The Barrow MMCR upgrade will be completed in early 2004. We will discuss the hardware and software C40 upgrade to the MMCRs at SGP and Barrow and the plans

25

Future Upgrades | Brookhaven and the LHC  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Future Upgrades Future Upgrades Magnetic field inside a Nb3Sn quadropole magnet Magnetic field inside a Nb3Sn quadropole magnet. Brookhaven leads various technical coordination efforts for the upgrade of the ATLAS detector, including constructing the new silicon tracker, liquid argon electronics, and the new muon chambers. Brookhaven also contributes to the commissioning and future upgrade of the LHC itself in two areas: accelerator physics and superconducting magnets. This work is carried out as part of the U.S. LHC Accelerator Research Program (LARP) in collaboration with Fermilab, Lawrence Berkeley National Lab, and the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center. The ultimate goal of the upgrade program is to increase the rate and efficiency of particle collisions, a measure known as luminosity.

26

Upgrading a Multifuncoid ?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I define the concepts of multifuncoid (and completary multifuncoid) and upgrading. Then I conjecture that upgrading of certain multifuncoids are multifuncoids (and that upgrading certain completary multifuncoids are completary multifuncoids). I have proved the conjectures for n ? 2. This short article is the first my public writing where I introduce the concept of multidimensional funcoid which I am investigating now. Refer to this Web site for the theory which I now attempt to generalize. 1

L {x Ai

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

27

Potential Effects and Challenges of Required Increases in Production and Use Why GAO Did This Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

expanded the renewable fuel standard (RFS), which requires rising use of ethanol and other biofuels, from 9 billion gallons in 2008 to 36 billion gallons in 2022. To meet the RFS, the Departments of Agriculture (USDA) and Energy (DOE) are developing advanced biofuels that use cellulosic feedstocks, such as corn stover and switchgrass. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) administers the RFS. This report examines, among other things, (1) the effects of increased biofuels production on U.S. agriculture, environment, and greenhouse gas emissions; (2) federal support for domestic biofuels production; and (3) key challenges in meeting the RFS. GAO extensively reviewed scientific studies, interviewed experts and agency officials, and visited five DOE and USDA laboratories. What GAO Recommends GAO suggests that the Congress consider requiring EPA to develop a strategy to assess lifecycle environmental effects of increased biofuels production and whether revisions are needed to the VEETC. GAO also recommends that EPA, DOE, and USDA develop a coordinated approach for addressing uncertainties in lifecycle greenhouse gas analysis and give priority to R&D that addresses future blend wall issues. DOE, USDA, and EPA generally agreed with the recommendations. View GAO-09-446 or key components.

Congressional Requesters

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Innovative Technology Improves Upgrading Process for Unconventional Oil  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

09, 2013 09, 2013 Innovative Technology Improves Upgrading Process for Unconventional Oil Resources Washington, D.C. - An innovative oil-upgrading technology that can increase the economics of unconventional petroleum resources has been developed under a U.S. Department of Energy -funded project. The promising technology, developed by Ceramatec of Salt Lake City, Utah, and managed by the Office of Fossil Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory, has been licensed to Western Hydrogen of Calgary for upgrading bitumen or heavy oil from Canada. A new company, Field Upgrading (Calgary, Alberta), has been formed dedicated to developing and commercializing the technology. Heavy oil is crude oil that is viscous and requires thermally enhanced oil recovery methods, such as steam and hot water injection, to reduce its viscosity and enable it to flow. The largest U.S. deposits of heavy oil are in California and on Alaska's North Slope. Estimates for the U.S. heavy oil resource total about 104 billion barrels of oil in place - nearly five times the United States' proved reserves. In addition, although no commercial-scale development of U.S. oil sands or oil shale has yet occurred, both represent another potential future domestic unconventional oil resource.

29

MIPP Plastic Ball electronics upgrade  

SciTech Connect

An upgrade electronics design for Plastic Ball detector is described. The Plastic Ball detector was a part of several experiments in the past and its back portion (proposed to be used in MIPP) consists of 340 photomultipliers equipped with a sandwich scintillator. The scintillator sandwich has fast and slow signal component with decay times 10 ns and 1 {micro}s respectively. The upgraded MIPP experiment will collect up to 12,000 events during each 4 second spill and read them out in {approx}50 seconds between spills. The MIPP data acquisition system will employ deadtime-less concept successfully implemented in Muon Electronics of Dzero experiment at Fermilab. An 8-channel prototype design of the Plastic Ball Front End (PBFE) implementing these requirements is discussed. Details of the schematic design, simulation and prototype test results are discussed.

Baldin, Boris; /Fermilab

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

30

T10 SND UPGRADE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The program of upgrade of the Spherical Neutral Detector for future experiments at a new VEPP-2000 e + e ? collider is presented. Modernization includes upgrades of electromagnetic calorimeter, tracking system, detector electronics, data acquisition system, and offline software. It is also planned to equip the detector with two new subsystems: particle identification system based on aerogel ?erenkov counters and external electron tagging system for ?? physics. 1

unknown authors

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Optics upgrade for switchyard  

SciTech Connect

An upgrade of the Switchyard optics is proposed. This upgrade extends the P3 (old Main Ring) lattice through enclosure C. The septa for the 3-way Meson Area split is moved from enclosure F1 to enclosure M01. The functionality of the Meson Target Train is preserved. Finally, for the purpose of demonstrating that the resulting split can be transported, a straw-man lattice is proposed for enclosure M02 and beyond.

Kobilarcik, Thomas R.; /Fermilab

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

32

Upgrading of light Fischer-Tropsch products  

SciTech Connect

The upgrading of Fischer-Tropsch (F-T) light ends was studied at UOP in a program sponsored by the Pittsburgh Energy Technology Center of the US Department of Energy. The goal of the program was to increase the overall yield of marketable transportation fuels from the F-T upgrading complex by focusing on liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) and naphtha. An overview of the entire light-ends program is presented in this paper. Although this contract is specifically concerned with light products (C{sub 3}-C{sub 11}), a separate DOE-sponsored program at UOP investigated the characterization and upgrading of the heavy end of the F-T product spectrum: F-T wax. An economic analysis of the light and heavy ends upgrading was performed to evaluate the conversion of F-T products to marketable transportation fuels. 9 refs., 7 figs., 9 tabs.

Shah, P.P.

1990-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

33

Disruption Analysis and Response Implicattions of Passive Plates for the NSTX Upgrade  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The NSTX upgrade project requires analysis qualifications of existing vacuum vessel and passive stabilizing plates for increased plasma performance. Vertical stability is critically dependent on the passive conducting structure that surrounds the plasma. In this paper, the passive conducting structure is analyzed for the upgrade condition during plasma disruption to ensure the level of stress in the stabilizing plates and the fastener is within its design limits. The counter-bore of the passive plates for bolting is evaluated in details and counter-bore bushing is redesigned to prevent shear failure during disruptions as a result of high pulling and pushing forces, particularly for support at the corner bolts

Yuhu Zhai, Peter Titus, Art Brooks, and Ron Hatcher

2012-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

34

Floodplain Assessment for the Proposed Outdoor Fire Range Upgrades at TA-72 in Lower Sandia Canyon, Los Alamos National Laboratory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) is preparing to implement actions in Sandia Canyon at Technical Area (TA) 72. Los Alamos National Security (LANS) biologists conducted a floodplain determination and this project is partially located within a 100-year floodplain. The proposed project is to upgrade the existing outdoor shooting range facilities at TA-72. These upgrades will result in increased safety and efficiencies in the training for Protective Force personnel. In order to remain current on training requirements, the firing ranges at TA-72 will be upgraded which will result in increased safety and efficiencies in the training for Protective Force personnel (Figure 1). These upgrades will allow for an increase in class size and more people to be qualified at the ranges. Some of these upgrades will be built within the 100-year floodplain. The upgrades include: concrete pads for turning target systems and shooting positions, new lighting to illuminate the firing range for night fire, a new speaker system for range operations, canopies at two locations, an impact berm at the far end of the 300-yard mark, and a block wall for road protection.

Hathcock, Charles D. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

35

Using Electric Vehicles to Mitigate Imbalance Requirements Associated with an Increased Penetration of Wind Generation  

SciTech Connect

The integration of variable renewable generation sources continues to be a significant area of focus for power system planning. Renewable portfolio standards and initiatives to reduce the dependency on foreign energy sources drive much of the deployment. Unfortunately, renewable energy generation sources like wind and solar tend to be highly variable in nature. To counter the energy imbalance caused by this variability, wind generation often requires additional balancing resources to compensate for the variability in the electricity production. With the expected electrification of transportation, electric vehicles may offer a new load resource for meeting all, or part, of the imbalance created by the renewable generation. This paper investigates a regulation-services-based battery charging method on a population of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles to meet the power imbalance requirements associated with the introduction of 11 GW of additional wind generation into the Northwest Power Pool. It quantifies the number of vehicles required to meet the imbalance requirements under various charging assumptions.

Tuffner, Francis K.; Kintner-Meyer, Michael CW

2011-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

36

Nuclear safety procedure upgrade project at USEC/MMUS gaseous diffusion plants  

SciTech Connect

Martin Marietta Utility Services has embarked on a program to upgrade procedures at both of its Gaseous Diffusion Plant sites. The transition from a U.S. Department of Energy government-operated facility to U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) regulated has necessitated a complete upgrade of plant operating procedures and practices incorporating human factors as well as a philosophy change in their use. This program is designed to meet the requirements of the newly written 10CFR76, {open_quotes}The Certification of Gaseous Diffusion Plants,{close_quotes} and aid in progression toward NRC certification. A procedures upgrade will help ensure increased nuclear safety, enhance plant operation, and eliminate personnel procedure errors/occurrences.

Kocsis, F.J. III

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

37

Upgrading Below Grade Spaces  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Patrick H. Huelman, Sam Breidenbach, Steve Schirber Patrick H. Huelman, Sam Breidenbach, Steve Schirber NorthernSTAR Building America Partnership Upgrading Below Grade Spaces Residential Energy Efficiency Stakeholder March 1, 2012 Austin, TX * Act 1: Technical Challenges & Opportunities - Pat Huelman, University of Minnesota * Act 2: Assessing Homeowner Priorities & Risks - Sam Breidenbach, TDS Custom Construction * Act 3: An Industry Perspective - Steve Schirber, Cocoon Act 1. Upgrade Below Grade * Basement Remodeling: It Doesn't Get Any Riskier! - Combustion safety - Foundation moisture - Radon (& other soil gases) - Biologicals (mold, dust mites, etc.) - Garage gases (if attached) * And front and center are uncontrolled... - negative pressures in basements (beyond stack)

38

Innovative Technology Improves Upgrading Process for Unconventional Oil  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Innovative Technology Improves Upgrading Process for Unconventional Innovative Technology Improves Upgrading Process for Unconventional Oil Resources Innovative Technology Improves Upgrading Process for Unconventional Oil Resources April 9, 2013 - 1:57pm Addthis Washington, DC - An innovative oil-upgrading technology that can increase the economics of unconventional petroleum resources has been developed under a U.S. Department of Energy -funded project. The promising technology, developed by Ceramatec of Salt Lake City, Utah, and managed by the Office of Fossil Energy's National Energy Technology Laboratory, has been licensed to Western Hydrogen of Calgary for upgrading bitumen or heavy oil from Canada. A new company, Field Upgrading (Calgary, Alberta), has been formed dedicated to developing and commercializing the technology.

39

Hardware and Software Upgrades to DIII-D Main Computer Control System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The complexities of monitoring and controlling the various DIII-D tokamak systems have always required the aid of high-speed computer resources. Because of recent improvements in computing technology, DIII-D has upgraded both hardware and software for the central DIII-D control system. This system is responsible for coordination of all main DIII-D subsystems during a plasma discharge. The replacement of antiquated older hardware has increased reliability and reduced costs both in the initial procurement and eventual maintenance of the system. As expected, upgrading the corresponding computer software has become the more time consuming and expensive part of this upgrade. During this redesign, the main issues focused on making the most of existing in-house codes, speed with which the new system could be brought on-line, the ability to add new features/enhancements, ease of integration with all DIII-D systems and future portability/upgrades. The resulting system has become a template by which other DIII-D systems can follow during similar upgrade paths; in particular DIII-D's main data acquisition system and neutral beam injection (NBI).

Piglowski, D. A.; Penaflor, B.G.; McHarg, JR., B.B.; Greene, K.L.; Coon, R.M.; Phillips, J.C.

2002-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Analysis Efforts Supporting NSTX Upgrades  

SciTech Connect

The National Spherical Torus Experiment (NSTX) is a low aspect ratio, spherical torus (ST) configuration device which is located at Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) This device is presently being updated to enhance its physics by doubling the TF field to 1 Tesla and increasing the plasma current to 2 Mega-amperes. The upgrades include a replacement of the centerstack and addition of a second neutral beam. The upgrade analyses have two missions. The first is to support design of new components, principally the centerstack, the second is to qualify existing NSTX components for higher loads, which will increase by a factor of four. Cost efficiency was a design goal for new equipment qualification, and reanalysis of the existing components. Showing that older components can sustain the increased loads has been a challenging effort in which designs had to be developed that would limit loading on weaker components, and would minimize the extent of modifications needed. Two areas representing this effort have been chosen to describe in more details: analysis of the current distribution in the new TF inner legs, and, second, analysis of the out-of-plane support of the existing TF outer legs.

H.Zhang, P. Titus, P. Rogoff, A.Zolfaghari, D. Mangra, M. Smith

2010-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "require upgrading increasing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

HERA Upgrade Project | Superconducting Magnet Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

HERA Upgrade Project HERA Upgrade Project As part of the HERA luminosity upgrade, 6 superconducting Interaction Region quadrupoles were delivered, accepted, and are in service. These 6 layer magnets were designed to include the main quadrupole focus, a skew quad, a normal and skew dipole, and a final sextupole layer. Because of the physical space constraints imposed by the existing detector region components, the DESY magnets were of necessity designed to be very compact. In addition, they are also are required to operate within the solenoidal detector fields at the collision points, so all construction materials had to be non magnetic. Two types of DESY magnets were fabricated. The first, designated as G0, was a two meter long, constant radius magnet. The second, designated GG, is a

42

The upgrade of GEO600  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The German / British gravitational wave detector GEO 600 is in the process of being upgraded. The upgrading process of GEO 600, called GEO-HF, will concentrate on the improvement of the sensitivity for high frequency signals and the demonstration of advanced technologies. In the years 2009 to 2011 the detector will undergo a series of upgrade steps, which are described in this paper.

Harald Lück; Christopf Affeldt; Jerome Degallaix; Andreas Freise; Hartmut Grote; Martin Hewitson; Stefan Hild; Jonathan Leong; Mirko Prijatelj; Kenneth A. Strain; Benno Willke; Holger Wittel; Karsten Danzmann

2010-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

43

Standard Work Specifications for Single-Family Home Energy Upgrades Summary (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and numerous industry stakeholders developed the Standard Work Specifications for Single-Family Home Energy Upgrades to define the minimum requirements for high-quality residential energy upgrades. Today, the Standard Work Specifications provide a unique source for defining high-quality home energy upgrades, establishing clear expectations for homeowners, contractors, trainers, workers, program administrators, and organizations that provide financing for energy upgrades.

Not Available

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Energy Upgrade of the Siam Photon Source  

SciTech Connect

The energy upgrade of the storage ring is part of the plans to develop x-ray production capability of the Siam Photon Source. Simulations have been carried out. The bending magnet power supply has been replaced. Energy of the injected 1 GeV beam from the injector is then ramped up 20% in the storage ring. Studies for modification of bending magnet poles have been done to evaluate possibility of further increasing the beam energy to 1.4 GeV in the future. Studies of the energy upgrade plan and details of energy ramping process, together with beam measurements are presented.

Rugmai, S.; Rujirawat, S. [National Synchrotron Research Center, P.O. Box 93, Nakhon Ratchasima, 30000 (Thailand); School of Physics, Suranaree University of Technology, 111 University Avenue, Muang Distrct, Nakhon Ratchasima, 30000 (Thailand); Hoyes, G. G.; Prawanta, S.; Kwankasem, A.; Siriwattanapitoon, S.; Suradet, N.; Pimol, P.; Junthong, N.; Boonsuya, S.; Janpuang, P.; Prawatsri, P.; Klysubun, P. [National Synchrotron Research Center, P.O. Box 93, Nakhon Ratchasima, 30000 (Thailand)

2007-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

45

ATLAS upgrade June09_v3  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ATLAS efficiency and intensity upgrade ATLAS efficiency and intensity upgrade Guy Savard and Robert V. F. Janssens June 12, 2009 The ATLAS facility is on a constant quest to improve and increase the capabilities it offers to its Users. ATLAS currently provides beams of essentially all stable isotopes at energies in the vicinity of the Coulomb barrier. These can be used in conjunction with a suite of state-of-the-art instruments such as Gammasphere, the Fragment Mass Analyzer (FMA), the Canadian Penning Trap mass spectrometer (CPT), the split-pole spectrograph, an in-flight radioactive beam line, and the recently commissioned HELIOS spectrometer. At present, these capabilities are being augmented by (1) the addition of the CARIBU upgrade, which will provide low-intensity, neutron-rich radioactive beams from Californium fission fragments in both low-energy and re-

46

CRYOGENICS IN BEPCII UPGRADE.  

SciTech Connect

THIS PAPER PRESENTS A CRYOGENIC DESIGN FOR UPGRADING THE BEIJING ELECTRON POSITRON COLLIDER AT THE INSTITUTE OF HIGH ENERGY PHYSICS IN BEIJING. THE UPGRADE INVOLVES 3 NEW SUPERCONDUCTING FACILITIES, THE INTERACTION REGION QUADRUPOLE MAGNETS, THE DETECTOR SOLENOID MAGNETS AND THE SRF CAVITIES. FOR COOLING OF THESE DEVICES, A NEW CRYPLANT WITH A TOTAL CAPACITY OF 1.0KW AT 4.5K IS TO BE BUILT AT IHEP. AN INTEGRATED CRYOGENIC DESIGN TO FIT THE BEPCII CRYOGENIC LOADS WITH HIGH EFFICIENCY IS CARRIEDOUT USING COMPUTATIONAL PROCESS ANALYSIS SOFTWARE WITH THE EMPHASES ON ECONOMICS AND SAFETY IN BOTH CONSTRUCTION AND OPERATION OF THE PLANT. THIS PAPER DESCRIBES THE CRYOGENIC CHARACTERISTICS OF EACH SUPERCONDUCTING DEVICE, THEIR COOLING SCHEMES AND THE OVERALL CRYOPLANT.

JIA,L.; WANG,L.; LI,S.

2002-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

47

UPGRADES TO Monteburns, VERSION 3.0  

SciTech Connect

Monteburns VERSION 3.0 is an upgrade of the existing Monteburns code available through RSICC. The new version includes modern programming style, increased parallel computing, more accurate capture gamma calculations and an automated input generator. This capability was demonstrated through a small PWR core simulation.

Galloway, Jack D [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Trellue, Holly R [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-06-22T23:59:59.000Z

48

Preparation for upgrading western subbituminous coal  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this project was to establish the physical and chemical characteristics of western coal and determine the best preparation technologies for upgrading this resource. Western coal was characterized as an abundant, easily mineable, clean, low-sulfur coal with low heating value, high moisture, susceptibility to spontaneous ignition, and considerable transit distances from major markets. Project support was provided by the Morgantown Energy Technology Center (METC) of the US Department of Energy (DOE). The research was conducted by the Western Research Institute, (WRI) in Laramie, Wyoming. The project scope of work required the completion of four tasks: (1) project planning, (2) literature searches and verbal contacts with consumers and producers of western coal, (3) selection of the best technologies to upgrade western coal, and (4) identification of research needed to develop the best technologies for upgrading western coals. The results of this research suggest that thermal drying is the best technology for upgrading western coals. There is a significant need for further research in areas involving physical and chemical stabilization of the dried coal product. Excessive particle-size degradation and resulting dustiness, moisture reabsorption, and high susceptibility to spontaneous combustion are key areas requiring further research. Improved testing methods for the determination of equilibrium moisture and susceptibility to spontaneous ignition under various ambient conditions are recommended.

Grimes, R.W.; Cha, C.Y.; Sheesley, D.C.

1990-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Financing; A Cost Effective Alternative When Upgrading Energy Efficient Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the 1990's, many organizations are attempting to do more, faster, with less cost and improved quality. In many cases, this involves improving the efficiency of their systems. Increased competition is creating pressure to continuously improve in order to effectively compete in the marketplace. One obvious method of reducing costs and improving productivity is to upgrade old, antiquated equipment such as lighting to more modern energy efficient systems. Most projects provide a return on investment to the owner in several years, through energy and demand savings, Power Utility rebates, maintenance savings and increased productivity, however, the initial capital expense required is cost prohibitive. Budget constraints, a lengthy and complicated approval process and large up-front capital requirements are only a few "road blocks" to improvement. In order to make an equipment acquisition, every company must consider how they will pay for it! How do companies acquire the equipment they need to be more competitive? One cost effective solution -FINANCING! There are numerous benefits to both the end user customer (Lessee) and the installing contractor from utilizing financing to upgrade or retrofit to energy efficient systems. It is possible to provide design, material, installation, maintenance and soft costs as well as positive cash flow to the end user by structuring financing terms and payments around the energy savings. A wide array of programs and services are offered by many different financial organizations.

Ertle, J. M.

1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Technical Barriers, Gaps, and Opportunities Related to Home Energy Upgrade Market Delivery  

SciTech Connect

This report outlines the technical barriers, gaps, and opportunities that arise in executing home energy upgrade market delivery approaches, as identified through research conducted by the U.S. Department of Energy's Building America program. The objective of this report is to outline the technical1 barriers, gaps, and opportunities that arise in executing home energy upgrade market delivery approaches, as identified through research conducted by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Building America program. This information will be used to provide guidance for new research necessary to enable the success of the approaches. Investigation for this report was conducted via publications related to home energy upgrade market delivery approaches, and a series of interviews with subject matter experts (contractors, consultants, program managers, manufacturers, trade organization representatives, and real estate agents). These experts specified technical barriers and gaps, and offered suggestions for how the technical community might address them. The potential benefits of home energy upgrades are many and varied: reduced energy use and costs; improved comfort, durability, and safety; increased property value; and job creation. Nevertheless, home energy upgrades do not comprise a large part of the overall home improvement market. Residential energy efficiency is the most complex climate intervention option to deliver because the market failures are many and transaction costs are high (Climate Change Capital 2009). The key reasons that energy efficiency investment is not being delivered are: (1) The opportunity is highly fragmented; and (2) The energy efficiency assets are nonstatus, low-visibility investments that are not properly valued. There are significant barriers to mobilizing the investment in home energy upgrades, including the 'hassle factor' (the time and effort required to identify and secure improvement works), access to financing, and the opportunity cost of capital and split incentives.

Bianchi, M. V. A.

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Technical Barriers, Gaps, and Opportunities Related to Home Energy Upgrade Market Delivery  

SciTech Connect

This report outlines the technical barriers, gaps, and opportunities that arise in executing home energy upgrade market delivery approaches, as identified through research conducted by the U.S. Department of Energy's Building America program. The objective of this report is to outline the technical1 barriers, gaps, and opportunities that arise in executing home energy upgrade market delivery approaches, as identified through research conducted by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Building America program. This information will be used to provide guidance for new research necessary to enable the success of the approaches. Investigation for this report was conducted via publications related to home energy upgrade market delivery approaches, and a series of interviews with subject matter experts (contractors, consultants, program managers, manufacturers, trade organization representatives, and real estate agents). These experts specified technical barriers and gaps, and offered suggestions for how the technical community might address them. The potential benefits of home energy upgrades are many and varied: reduced energy use and costs; improved comfort, durability, and safety; increased property value; and job creation. Nevertheless, home energy upgrades do not comprise a large part of the overall home improvement market. Residential energy efficiency is the most complex climate intervention option to deliver because the market failures are many and transaction costs are high (Climate Change Capital 2009). The key reasons that energy efficiency investment is not being delivered are: (1) The opportunity is highly fragmented; and (2) The energy efficiency assets are nonstatus, low-visibility investments that are not properly valued. There are significant barriers to mobilizing the investment in home energy upgrades, including the 'hassle factor' (the time and effort required to identify and secure improvement works), access to financing, and the opportunity cost of capital and split incentives.

Bianchi, M. V. A.

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

MR LLRF VXI upgrade beam study period  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

AD/RFI/LLRF group personnel performed several studies with the MR LLRF VXI upgrade system during the evening of 7/29/95. The study period lasted about 4 hours. The MR operating conditions were a mixture of $29 and $2B cycles, with beam injected only on the $29. The author believes the $2B cycles were present for reasons unrelated to the study. The basic study period goal was to test the initial VXI version of MR LLRF finite state machine (FSM) execution. This goal represents what has been called MR LLRF VXI Upgrade Implementation Stage No.2 throughout presentations and documentation on the upgrade project. The test includes control of MR LLRF NIM hardware, the MR RF cavities, and beam via XVI TTL FSM outputs. Numerous MR LLRF VXI system objects, or components, must work together correctly for a successful test. Very briefly, the required objects include VXI Front End hardware, the ACNET/Front End interface code, and the VXI/NIM Interface chassis (the chassis solves VXI-CAMAC-NIM RF and FSM output connectivity and development problems). Though this initial FSM does not yet fully support Upgrade Implementation Stage 2 functionality, all code and hardware for the following basic functionality is tested.

Mesiner, K.; /Fermilab

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Upgraded Coal Interest Group  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Upgraded Coal Interest Group (UCIG) is an EPRI 'users group' that focuses on clean, low-cost options for coal-based power generation. The UCIG covers topics that involve (1) pre-combustion processes, (2) co-firing systems and fuels, and (3) reburn using coal-derived or biomass-derived fuels. The UCIG mission is to preserve and expand the economic use of coal for energy. By reducing the fuel costs and environmental impacts of coal-fired power generation, existing units become more cost effective and thus new units utilizing advanced combustion technologies are more likely to be coal-fired.

Evan Hughes

2009-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

54

Energy Star Building Upgrade Manual  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

program helping businesses and individuals fight global warming through superior energy efficiency. ENERGY STAR Building Upgrade Manual United States Environmental Protection...

55

APS Upgrade | Advanced Photon Source  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

APS APS View Larger The brightness and energy of x-ray beams are critical properties for research. Higher brightness means more x-rays can be focused onto a smaller, laser-like spot, allowing researchers to gather more data in greater detail in less time. Higher energies allow x-rays to penetrate deeper inside materials to reveal crucial information about a material's structure and function. The combination of high brightness and high energy allows the observation and imaging - in real time - of fast and ultrafast technologically important processes, including fuel sprays, magnetic switching, and biological processes in living organisms. The APS Upgrade project will increase the brightness of the APS high-energy (hard) x-ray beams. This will equip researchers for the groundbreaking

56

N reactor safety upgrades final status report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This document describes the requirements, objectives, work completed, and issues resolved for all safety upgrades recommended by the various expert panels (e.g., Roddis), National Academy of Sciences (NAS), and Westinghouse Independent Safety Appraisal (WISA) team. This report reflects the status of the recommendations at the time of publication, while the reactor is being placed in cold standby. Each recommendation required a resolution, a closure process if closed, and a punchlist reference if open and required for restart. These recommendations are maintained on databases that were updated periodically as work was completed or punchlisted. The databases and files are to be retained with the N Reactor Standby files.

Foreman, S.K.; Rainey, T.E.; Erpenbeck, E.G.

1990-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

NEUTRAL BEAM ARMOR FOR NSTX UPGRADE K. Tresemer, T. Stevenson, C. Priniski, J. Winkelman, L. Bryant, R. Wood  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NEUTRAL BEAM ARMOR FOR NSTX UPGRADE K. Tresemer, T. Stevenson, C. Priniski, J. Winkelman, L. Bryant in these upgrades are the relocation and upgrade of the NSTX Neutral Beam Armor to capture both sets of beamline the space required to accomplish this, it has been proposed to relocate and reuse the existing armor array

Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

58

Upgrade Your Refinery for Energy Conservation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Upgrading existing refineries for efficient energy utilization imposes strict restraints upon design engineers. Present and future production requirements must be defined. Reliable operating data must be obtained from historical records and test runs to accurately define actual performance of each piece of equipment. A complete simulation model of the facility is developed and tested. Future operations are evaluated using the model to define heat and material balance requirements for all projected operations. Energy conservation projects are evaluated with the model to define energy savings over the life of each project. A discounted cash flow analysis is formulated and an optimum set of projects yielding maximum rates of return are selected for implementation.

Johnnie, D. H., Jr.; Klooster, H. J.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

59

A CONCEPTUAL 3-GEV LANSCE LINAC UPGRADE FOR ENHANCED PROTON RADIOGRAPHY  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A conceptual design of a 3-GeV linac upgrade that would enable enhanced proton radiography at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LANSCE) is presented. The upgrade is based on the use of superconducting accelerating cavities to increase the present LANSCE linac output energy from 800 MeV to 3 GeV. The LANSCE linac currently provides negative hydrogen ion (H{sup -}) and proton (H{sup +}) beams to several user facilities that support Isotope Production, NNSA Stockpile Stewardship, and Basic Energy Science programs. Required changes to the front-end, the accelerating structures, and to the RF systems to meet the new performance goals, and changes to the existing beam switchyard to maintain operations for a robust user program are also described.

Garnett, Robert W [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Rybarcyk, Lawrence J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Merrill, Frank E. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; O'Hara, James F. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Rees, Daniel E. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Walstrom, Peter L. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

60

CHALLENGES FOR THE SNS RING ENERGY UPGRADE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Oak Ridge Spallation Neutron Source accumulator ring presently operates at a beam power of about 1 MW with a beam energy of about 910 MeV. A power upgrade is planned to increase the beam energy to 1.3 GeV. For the accumulator ring this mostly involves modifications to the injection and extraction sections. A variety of modifications to the existing injection section were necessary to achieve 1 MW, and the tools developed and the lessons learned from this work are now being applied to the design of the new injection section. This paper will discuss the tools and the lessons learned, and also present the design and status of the upgrades to the accumulator ring.

Plum, Michael A [ORNL; Gorlov, Timofey V [ORNL; Holmes, Jeffrey A [ORNL; Hunter, W Ted [ORNL; Roseberry, Jr., R Tom [ORNL; Wang, Jian-Guang [ORNL

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "require upgrading increasing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Dynamic Mercury Cycling Model Upgrade  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This technical update describes the status of activities to upgrade the Dynamic Mercury Cycling Model (D-MCM), an EPRI simulation model that predicts mercury cycling and bioaccumulation in lakes.

2008-12-17T23:59:59.000Z

62

Thomson scattering diagnostic upgrade on DIII-D  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The DIII-D Thomson scattering system has been upgraded. A new data acquisition hardware was installed, adding the capacity for additional spatial channels and longer acquisition times for temperature and density measurements. Detector modules were replaced with faster transimpedance circuitry, increasing the signal-to-noise ratio by a factor of 2. This allows for future expansion to the edge system. A second phase upgrade scheduled for 2010-2011 includes the installation of four 1 J/pulse Nd:YAG lasers at 50 Hz repetition rate. This paper presents the first completed phase of the upgrade and performance comparison between the original system and the upgraded system. The plan for the second phase is also presented.

Ponce-Marquez, D. M.; Bray, B. D.; Deterly, T. M.; Liu, C. [General Atomics, P.O. Box 85608, San Diego, California 092186-5608 (United States); Eldon, D. [University of California-San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093-0417 (United States)

2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

63

User and Performance Impacts from Franklin Upgrades  

SciTech Connect

The NERSC flagship computer Cray XT4 system"Franklin" has gone through three major upgrades: quad core upgrade, CLE 2.1 upgrade, and IO upgrade, during the past year. In this paper, we will discuss the various aspects of the user impacts such as user access, user environment, and user issues etc from these upgrades. The performance impacts on the kernel benchmarks and selected application benchmarks will also be presented.

He, Yun (Helen)

2009-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

64

FEASIBILITY OF INCREASING THE ENERGY OF RHIC.  

SciTech Connect

In this paper we discuss the possibility of increasing the energy of beams in RHIC by as much as 30% with a modest trade-off in luminosity. The arc dipoles and quadrupoles were designed with considerable margin. For higher energies (>100 GeV/nucleon) the minimum {beta}* may be required to increase as the interaction region triplets saturate. The separator magnets (DX) have the least margin for increased field, so we consider three scenarios: allowing for a small crossing angle with the present DX magnets, upgrading the DX magnets to higher strength, and permitting a crossing angle of {approximately}1{degree} by removing the DX magnets altogether.

MACKAY,W.W.; JAIN,A.; LUCCIO,A.U.; PILAT,F.; ROSER,T.; TEPIKIAN,S.; TROBOJEVIC,D.

2001-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

65

upgrade | OpenEI Community  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

4 4 Varnish cache server Home Groups Community Central Green Button Applications Developer Utility Rate FRED: FRee Energy Database More Public Groups Private Groups Features Groups Blog posts Content Stream Documents Discussions Polls Q & A Events Notices My stuff Energy blogs 429 Throttled (bot load) Error 429 Throttled (bot load) Throttled (bot load) Guru Meditation: XID: 2142235354 Varnish cache server upgrade Home Rmckeel's picture Submitted by Rmckeel(297) Contributor 22 October, 2012 - 07:23 Semantic Mediawiki Semantic Forms update developer Incentives and Policies Semantic Mediawiki upgrade Utility Rates We have just updated Semantic Forms on OpenEI to version 2.4 to enable some upgrades to the utility rate forms (thanks Teresa!). If you see any problems in forms you use on OpenEI, please notify us by commenting on this

66

The D0 detector upgrade  

SciTech Connect

The Fermilab collider program is undergoing a major upgrade of both the accelerator complex and the two detectors. Operation of the Tevatron at luminosities upwards of ten time that currently provided will occur in early 1999 after the commissioning of the new Fermilab Main Injector. The D0 upgrade program has been established to deliver a detector that will meet the challenges of this environment. A new magnetic tracker consisting of a superconducting solenoid, a silicon vertex detector, a scintillating fiber central tracker, and a central preshower detector will replace the current central tracking and transition radiation chambers. We present the design and performance capabilities of these new systems and describe results from physics simulations that demonstrate the physics reach of the upgraded detector.

Bross, A.D.

1995-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

ENERGY STAR Building Upgrade Manual Chapter 9: Heating and Cooling...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

care resources Small business resources State and local government resources ENERGY STAR Building Upgrade Manual Chapter 9: Heating and Cooling Upgrades The Building Upgrade...

68

A proliferation resistant hexagonal tight lattice BWR fueled core for increased burnup and reduced fuel storage requirements. Annual progress report: August, 1999 to July, 2000 [DOE NERI  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

(OAK/B204) A proliferation resistant hexagonal tight lattice BWR fueled core for increased burnup and reduced fuel storage requirements. Annual progress report: August, 1999 to July, 2000 [DOE NERI

Hiroshi Takahashi; Upendra Rohatgi; T.J. Downar

2000-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

69

The value of steam turbine upgrades  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Technological advances in mechanical and aerodynamic design of the turbine steam path are resulting in higher reliability and efficiency. A recent study conducted on a 390 MW pulverized coal-fired unit revealed just how much these new technological advancements can improve efficiency and output. The empirical study showed that the turbine upgrade raised high pressure (HP) turbine efficiency by 5%, intermediate pressure (IP) turbine efficiency by 4%, and low pressure (LP) turbine efficiency by 2.5%. In addition, the unit's highest achievable gross generation increased from 360 MW to 371 MW. 3 figs.

Potter, K.; Olear, D.; [General Physics Corp. (United States)

2005-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

70

HOM Survey of the First CEBAF Upgrade Style Cavity Pair  

SciTech Connect

The planned upgrade of the Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Laboratory (JLab) requires ten new superconducting rf (SRF) cavity cryomodules to double the beam energy to the envisaged 12 GeV. Adequate cavity Higher Order Mode (HOM) suppression is essential to avoid multipass, multibunch beam break-up (BBU) instabilities of the recirculating beam. We report on detailed HOM surveys performed for the first two upgrade style cavities tested in a dedicated cavity pair cryomodule at 2K. The safety margin to the BBU threshold budget at 12 GeV has been assessed.

Marhauser, Frank; Davis, G; Drury, Michael; Grenoble, Christiana; Hogan, John; Manus, Robert; Preble, Joseph; Reece, Charles; Rimmer, Robert; Tian, Kai

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Upgrade of the ALICE Inner Tracking System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Inner Tracking System (ITS) is the key ALICE detector for the study of heavy flavour production at LHC. Heavy flavor can be studied via the identification of short-lived hadrons containing heavy quarks which have a mean proper decay length in the order of 100-300 $\\mu$m. To accomplish this task, the ITS is composed of six cylindrical layers of silicon detectors (two pixel, two drift and two strip) with a radial coverage from 3.9 to 43 cm and a material budget of 1.1% X0 per layer. %In particular, the properties of the two innermost layers define the ITS performance in measuring the displaced vertex of such short-lived particles. In order to enhance the ALICE physics capabilities, and, in particular, the tracking performance for heavy-flavour detection, the possibility of an ITS upgrade has been studied in great detail. It will make use of the spectacular progress made in the field of imaging sensors over the last ten years as well as the possibility to install a smaller radius beampipe. The upgraded detector will have greatly improved features in terms of: the impact parameter resolution, standalone tracking efficiency at low $p_{t}$, momentum resolution and readout capabilities. The Conceptual Design Report, which covers the design and performance requirements, the upgrade options, as well as the necessary R&D efforts, was made public in September 2012. An intensive R&D program has been launched to review the different technological options under consideration. The new detector should be ready to be installed during the long LHC shutdown period scheduled in 2017-2018.

Stefan Rossegger

2012-11-22T23:59:59.000Z

72

Extension - Upgrading Methane Using Ultra-Fast Thermal Swing Adsorption  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The need for cost effective technologies for upgrading coal mine methane to pipeline quality natural gas is becoming ever greater. The current work presents and investigates a new approach to reduce the impact of the most costly step in the conventional technology, nitrogen rejection. The proposed approach is based on the Velocys microchannel platform, which is being developed to commercialize compact and cost efficient chemical processing technology. For this separation, ultra fast thermal swing sorption is enabled by the very high rates of heat and mass transfer inherent in microchannel processing. In a first phase of the project solid adsorbents were explored. Feasibility of ultrafast thermal swing was demonstrated but the available adsorbents had insufficient differential methane capacity to achieve the required commercial economics. In a second phase, ionic liquids were adopted as absorbents of choice, and experimental work and economic analyses, performed to gauge their potential, showed promise for this novel alternative. Final conclusions suggest that a combination of a required cost target for ionic liquids or a methane capacity increase or a combination of both is required for commercialization.

Anna Lee Tonkovich

2008-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

73

CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION FOR 331 BUILDING IRRIGATION UPGRADES,  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EXCLUSION FOR 331 BUILDING IRRIGATION UPGRADES, EXCLUSION FOR 331 BUILDING IRRIGATION UPGRADES, 300 AREA, HANFORD SITE, RICHLAND, WASHINGTON Proposed Action: The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Pacific Northwest Site Office (PNSO) proposes to upgrade a landscaping irrigation system in the 300 Area. Location of Action: In the landscaped area around the 331 Building, Hanford Site Description of the Proposed Action: The proposed action is to upgrade the existing 331 Building landscaping irrigation system by using nearby aquaculture effluent instead of

74

Investment and Upgrade in Distributed Generation under Uncertainty  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

AS, Marnay, C. Distributed generation investment by aand Upgrade in Distributed Generation under Uncertaintyand Upgrade in Distributed Generation under Uncertainty ?

Siddiqui, Afzal

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

75

Potential Peak Load Reductions From Residential Energy Efficient Upgrades  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The demand for electricity is continuing to grow at a substantial rate. Utilities are interested in managing this growth's peak demand for a number of reasons including: costly construction of new generation capacity can be deferred; the reliability of the distribution network can be improved; and added environmental pollution can be minimized. Energy efficiency improvements, especially through residential programs, are increasingly being used to mitigate this rise in peak demand. This paper examines the potential peak load reductions from residential energy efficiency upgrades in hot and humid climates. First, a baseline scenario is established. Then, the demand and consumption impacts of individual upgrade measures are assessed. Several of these upgrades are then combined into a package to assess the synergistic demand and energy impacts. A sensitivity analysis is then performed to assess the impacts of housing characteristics on estimated demand and energy savings. Finally, the demand, energy, and environmental impacts are estimated at the community level.

Meisegeier, D.; Howes, M.; King, D.; Hall, J.

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

76

About: Why Energy Efficiency Upgrades  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Why Energy Efficiency Upgrades Why Energy Efficiency Upgrades Two photos side by side showing energy loss through the use of infrared technology. As part of a home energy evaluation, an energy professional can use an infrared camera to pinpoint where air leaks and drafts are occurring in your home or building. Although normally difficult to see, these infrared photos clearly show in color where energy losses are occurring in a typical house. How We Use Energy in Our Buildings How We Use Energy in Our Homes (% of Energy Consumption) A pie chart illustrating the following breakdown: Space heating 43%, space cooling 9.7%, water heating 17.1%, lighting 6.2%, refrigeration 3.9%, electronics 3%, wet cleaning 3.2%, cooking 3.1%, computers 1.6%. Source: 2010 Buildings Energy Data Book, Table 2.1.6

77

The FNAL Injector Upgrade Status  

SciTech Connect

The new FNAL H{sup -} injector upgrade is currently being tested before installation in the Spring 2012 shutdown of the accelerator complex. This line consists of an H{sup -} source, low energy beam transport (LEBT), 200 MHz RFQ and medium energy beam transport (MEBT). Beam measurements have been performed to validate the design before installation. The results of the beam measurements are presented in this paper.

Tan, C.Y.; Bollinger, D.S.; Duel, K.L.; Karns, P.R.; Lackey, J.R.; Pellico, W.A; Scarpine, V.E.; Tomlin, R.E.; /Fermilab

2012-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

78

Technologies for Upgrading Light Water Reactor Outlet Temperature  

SciTech Connect

Nuclear energy could potentially be utilized in hybrid energy systems to produce synthetic fuels and feedstocks from indigenous carbon sources such as coal and biomass. First generation nuclear hybrid energy system (NHES) technology will most likely be based on conventional light water reactors (LWRs). However, these LWRs provide thermal energy at temperatures of approximately 300°C, while the desired temperatures for many chemical processes are much higher. In order to realize the benefits of nuclear hybrid energy systems with the current LWR reactor fleets, selection and development of a complimentary temperature upgrading technology is necessary. This paper provides an initial assessment of technologies that may be well suited toward LWR outlet temperature upgrading for powering elevated temperature industrial and chemical processes during periods of off-peak power demand. Chemical heat transformers (CHTs) are a technology with the potential to meet LWR temperature upgrading requirements for NHESs. CHTs utilize chemical heat of reaction to change the temperature at which selected heat sources supply or consume thermal energy. CHTs could directly utilize LWR heat output without intermediate mechanical or electrical power conversion operations and the associated thermodynamic losses. CHT thermal characteristics are determined by selection of the chemical working pair and operating conditions. This paper discusses the chemical working pairs applicable to LWR outlet temperature upgrading and the CHT operating conditions required for providing process heat in NHES applications.

Daniel S. Wendt; Piyush Sabharwall; Vivek Utgikar

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

Performance of Transmission Line Components at Increasing Operating Temperatures  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In today's competitive and regulatory environment, utilities are required to maximize power transfer over existing right-of-ways (ROWs). Rather than investing in the expense of upgrading to larger conductors, most utilities are pursuing the lower capital-expense (cost) option of increasing thermal operating limits and pushing more current through existing conductors and associated hardware. As a result, conductors and associated hardware and attachments may be subjected to higher temperatures more freque...

2003-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

80

Report of the AGS Experimental Area Shielding Upgrade Committee  

SciTech Connect

The proton intensity delivered to the AGS experimental areas is expected to increase fourfold when the full potential of the Booster is realized. It is therefore necessary to anticipate the modifications to the shielding and radiation monitoring that will be required in order to insure safe operation within the appropriate guidelines for radiation exposure. This report examines the consequences of site boundary requirements and soil and air activation as well as the protection of radiation workers, i.e., AGS personnel and experimenters, from unnecessary radiation exposure in the experimental areas. Where possible, Health Physics surveys and fault studies carried out in the Spring of 1990 have been used to estimate levels in and around the experimental areas with 5 {times} 10{sup 13} protons per pulse or 75% of the total anticipated intensity delivered to each of the target stations under normal'' as well as fault conditions. Where fault studies were not possible due to construction, the new beams and facilities were designed for the higher intensities that will be available and radiation patterns were calculated. Weak spots were identified and improvements recommended. Capital and manpower estimates were developed for the upgrades. 7 refs.

Beavis, D.; Brown, H.N.; Bunce, G.; Carroll, A.S.; Chiang, I.H.; Glenn, J.W.; Lazarus, D.M.; Lessard, E.; Pendzick, A.; Sims, W.; Woodle, K.

1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "require upgrading increasing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

An overview of the planned Jefferson Lab 12-GeV helium refrigerator upgrade  

SciTech Connect

In February 2006, Jefferson Laboratory in Newport News, VA, received â Critical Decision 1â (CD-1) approval to proceed with the engineering and design of the long anticipated upgrade to increase the beam energy of CEBAF, the Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility, from 6 GeV to 12 GeV. This will require the installation of 10 new cryomodules, and additional 2.1-K refrigeration beyond the available 4600 W to handle the increased heat loads. Additionally, a new experimental hall, Hall D, is planned that will require the installation of a small, available refrigerator. This paper will present an overview of the integration of the new proposed refrigeration system into CEBAF, the installation of the available refrigerator for Hall D, and includes planned work scope, current schedule plans and project status.

Arenius, Dana; Creel, Jonathan; Dixon, Kelly; Ganni, Venkatarao; Knudsen, Peter; Sidi-Yekhlef, Ahmed; Wright, Mathew

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Categorical Exclusion 4598: Security Upgrade Project  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Determination Form Determination Form Proposed Action Title: Security Upgrade Project (4598) Program or Field Office~ Y·12 Site Office LocationCs) CCjty/County/State): Oak Ridge. Anderson County, Tennessee Proposed Action Description: PAGE 04 / 04 r~:·:~~s ·'-u ~'irllO:.'~~b ., .. y " ~e ··· ., ;:;;,il ,;: ; I·;;;:;;,; ;I ,' .: :~~. ,U,Illll\;: , "':ll ,l3~ . ~~~~ 1 ~; The proposed action is to add fence posts and run razor wire in various fence locations throughout the site. This project will not require excavation. This activity will disturb gravel but will not remove gravel and soil from post holes which will be placed back in the same area. Cat.eg,orieal Exc!usion(s) ,Mp!i.cd: 81.3- Routine maintenance

83

Transverse instability analysis for the IPNS Upgrade  

SciTech Connect

The proposed 1-MW spallation neutron source upgrade calls for a 2-GeV rapidly-cycling synchrotron (RCS) with an intensity of 1.04{times}10{sup 14} protons per pulse. The potential exists for the excitation of collective, intensity-dependent transverse instabilities. These can normally be controlled by introducing a betatron tune shift or spread, where care is exercised to avoid single-particle resonance effects. Adjusting the chromaticity using sextupoles to vary the head-to-tail phase shift is compared to introducing Landau damping by octupoles. An option for a feedback system is also examined. The momentum spread used for the transverse analysis was obtained from the requirements for longitudinal stability.

Harkay, K.; Cho, Y.

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

84

NERSC Increases System Storage and Security for Users  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Increases System Storage and Security for Users NERSC Increases System Storage and Security for Users April 28, 2009 Franklin Upgrades Improve IO Performance Throughout the month...

85

Prioritizing and scheduling Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant safeguards upgrades. Final report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As part of the Site Safeguards and Security Plan (SSSP), facilities are required to develop a Resource Plan (RP). The Resource Plan provides documentation and justification for the facility`s planned upgrades, including the schedule, priority, and cost estimates for the safeguards and security upgrades. Portsmouth Gaseous Diffusion Plant (PORTS) management has identified and obtained funding approval for a number of safeguards and security upgrades, including line-item construction projects. These upgrade projects were selected to address a variety of concerns identified in the PORTS vulnerability assessments and other reviews performed in support of the SSSP process. However, budgeting and scheduling constraints do not make it possible to simultaneously begin implementation of all of the upgrade projects. A formal methodology and analysis are needed to explicitly address the trade-offs between competing safeguards objectives, and to prioritize and schedule the upgrade projects to ensure that the maximum benefit can be realized in the shortest possible time frame. The purpose of this report is to describe the methodology developed to support these upgrade project scheduling decisions. The report also presents the results obtained from applying the methodology to a set of the upgrade projects selected by PORTS S&S management. Data for the analysis are based on discussions with personnel familiar with the PORTS safeguards and security needs, the requirements for implementing these upgrades, and upgrade funding limitations. The analysis results presented here assume continued highly enriched uranium (HEU) operations at PORTS. However, the methodology developed is readily adaptable for the evaluation of other operational scenarios and other resource allocation issues relevant to PORTS.

Edmunds, T.; Saleh, R.; Zevanove, S.

1992-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Booster Synchrotron RF System Upgrade for SPEAR3  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent progress at the SPEAR3 includes the increase in stored current from 100 mA to 200 mA and top-off injection to allow beamlines to stay open during injection. Presently the booster injects 3.0 GeV beam to SPEAR3 three times a day. The stored beam decays to about 150 mA between the injections. The growing user demands are to increase the stored current to the design value of 500 mA, and to maintain it at a constant value within a percent or so. To achieve this goal the booster must inject once every few minutes. For improved injection efficiency, all RF systems at the linac, booster and SPEAR3 need to be phase-locked. The present booster RF system is basically a copy of the SPEAR2 RF system with 358.5 MHz and 40 kW peak RF power driving a 5-cell RF cavity for 1.0 MV gap voltage. These requirements entail a booster RF system upgrade to a scaled down version of the SPEAR3 RF system of 476.3 MHz with 1.2 MW cw klystron output power capabilities. We will analyze each subsystem option for their merits within budgetary and geometric space constraints. A substantial portion of the system will come from the decommissioned PEP-II RF stations.

Park, Sanghyun; /SLAC; Corbett, Jeff; /SLAC

2012-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

87

Energy Upgrade California | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Upgrade California Upgrade California Energy Upgrade California < Back Eligibility Multi-Family Residential Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Other Sealing Your Home Ventilation Manufacturing Heating Windows, Doors, & Skylights Program Info Funding Source The American Reinvestment and Recovery Act of 2009, ratepayer funds State California Program Type State Rebate Program Rebate Amount Basic Upgrade Package: 1,000 Advance Upgrade Package: 1,500 - 4,000 The Energy Upgrade California program serves as a one-stop shop for California homeowners who want to improve the energy efficiency of their homes. The program connects homeowners with qualified contractors, and helps homeowners find all the available incentives from their local

88

Recent Upgrade of the Klystron Modulator at SLAC  

SciTech Connect

The SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory employs 244 klystron modulators on its two-mile-long linear accelerator that has been operational since the early days of the SLAC establishment in the sixties. Each of these original modulators was designed to provide 250 kV, 262 A and 3.5 {mu}S at up to 360 pps using an inductance-capacitance resonant charging system, a modified type-E pulse-forming network (PFN), and a pulse transformer. The modulator internal control comprised of large step-start resistor-contactors, vacuum-tube amplifiers, and 120 Vac relays for logical signals. A major, power-component-only upgrade, which began in 1983 to accommodate the required beam energy of the SLAC Linear Collider (SLC) project, raised the modulator peak output capacity to 360 kV, 420 A and 5.0 {mu}S at a reduced pulse repetition rate of 120 pps. In an effort to improve safety, performance, reliability and maintainability of the modulator, this recent upgrade focuses on the remaining three-phase AC power input and modulator controls. The upgrade includes the utilization of primary SCR phase control rectifiers, integrated fault protection and voltage regulation circuitries, and programmable logic controllers (PLC) -- with an emphasis on component physical layouts for safety and maintainability concerns. In this paper, we will describe the design and implementation of each upgraded component in the modulator control system. We will also report the testing and present status of the modified modulators.

Nguyen, M.N.; Burkhart, C.P.; Lam, B.K.; Morris, B.; /SLAC

2011-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

89

Testing of FMI's Coal Upgrading Process  

SciTech Connect

WRI and FMI have collaborated to develop and test a novel coal upgrading technology. Proprietary coal upgrading technology is a fluidized bed-based continuous process which allows high through-puts, reducing the coal processing costs. Processing is carried out under controlled oxidizing conditions at mild enough conditions that compared to other coal upgrading technologies; the produced water is not as difficult to treat. All the energy required for coal drying and upgrading is derived from the coal itself. Under the auspices of the Jointly Sponsored Research Program, Cooperative Agreement DE-FC26-98FT40323, a nominal 400 lbs/hour PDU was constructed and operated. Over the course of this project, several low-rank coals were successfully tested in the PDU. In all cases, a higher Btu, low moisture content, stable product was produced and subsequently analyzed. Stack emissions were monitored and produced water samples were analyzed. Product stability was established by performing moisture readsorption testing. Product pyrophobicity was demonstrated by instrumenting a coal pile.

Vijay Sethi

2009-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

90

The Upgraded D0 detector  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The D0 experiment enjoyed a very successful data-collection run at the Fermilab Tevatron collider between 1992 and 1996. Since then, the detector has been upgraded to take advantage of improvements to the Tevatron and to enhance its physics capabilities. We describe the new elements of the detector, including the silicon microstrip tracker, central fiber tracker, solenoidal magnet, preshower detectors, forward muon detector, and forward proton detector. The uranium/liquid-argon calorimeters and central muon detector, remaining from Run I, are discussed briefly. We also present the associated electronics, triggering, and data acquisition systems, along with the design and implementation of software specific to D0.

Abazov, V.M.; Abbott, B.; Abolins, M.; Acharya, B.S.; Adams, D.L.; Adams, M.; Adams, T.; Agelou, M.; Agram, J.-L.; Ahmed, S.N.; Ahn, S.H.; Ahsan, M.; Alexeev, G.D.; Alkhazov, G.; Alton, A.; Alverson, G.; Alves, G.A.; Anastasoaie, M.; Andeen, T.; Anderson, J.T.; Anderson, S.; /Buenos Aires U. /Rio de Janeiro, CBPF /Sao Paulo, IFT /Alberta U. /Simon Fraser U. /York U., Canada /McGill U. /Beijing, Inst. High Energy Phys. /Hefei, CUST /Andes U., Bogota /Charles U. /Prague, Tech. U. /Prague, Inst. Phys. /San Francisco de Quito U. /Clermont-Ferrand U. /LPSC, Grenoble /Marseille, CPPM /Orsay, LAL /Paris U., VI-VII /DAPNIA, Saclay /Strasbourg, IReS

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

91

Upgrade Boilers with Energy-Efficient Burners  

SciTech Connect

This revised ITP steam tip sheet on upgrading boilers provides how-to advice for improving industrial steam systems using low-cost, proven practices and technologies.

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Energy Efficiency Upgrades...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

PYC made the recommended energy efficiency upgrades, which included new insulation and air sealing, a new hot water heater, programmable thermostats, improved lighting, and new...

93

ENERGY STAR Building Upgrade Manual | ENERGY STAR  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ENERGY STAR Building Upgrade Manual Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new...

94

The DIII-D cryogenic system upgrade  

SciTech Connect

The original DIII-D cryogenic system was commissioned in 1981 and was used to cool the cryopanel arrays for three hydrogen neutral beam injectors. Since then, new demands for liquid helium have arisen including: a fourth neutral beam injector, ten superconducting magnets for the electron cyclotron heating gyrotrons, and more recently, the advanced diverter cryopump which resides inside the tokamak vacuum vessel. The original cryosystem could not meet these demands. Consequently, the cryosystem was upgraded in several phases to increase capacity, improve reliability, and reduce maintenance. The majority of the original system has been replaced with superior equipment. The capacity now exists to support present as well as future demands for liquid helium at DIII-D including a hydrogen pellet injector, which is being constructed by Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Upgrades to the cryosystem include: a recently commissioned 150 {ell}/hr helium liquefier, two 55 g/sec helium screw compressors, a fully automated 20-valve cryogen distribution box, a high efficiency helium wet expander, and the conversion of equipment from manual or pneumatic to programmable logic controller (PLC) control. The distribution box was designed and constructed for compactness due to limited space availability. Overall system efficiency was significantly improved by replacing the existing neutral beam reliquefier Joule-Thomson valve with a reciprocating wet expander. The implementation of a PLC-based automatic control system has resulted in increased efficiency and reliability. This paper will describe the cryosystem design with emphasis on newly added equipment. In addition, performance and operational experience will be discussed.

Schaubel, K.M.; Laughon, G.J.; Campbell, G.L.; Langhorn, A.R.; Stevens, N.C.; Tupper, M.L.

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

95

Upgraded HFIR Fuel Element Welding System  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The welding of aluminum-clad fuel plates into aluminum alloy 6061 side plate tubing is a unique design feature of the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) fuel assemblies as 101 full-penetration circumferential gas metal arc welds (GMAW) are required in the fabrication of each assembly. In a HFIR fuel assembly, 540 aluminum-clad fuel plates are assembled into two nested annular fuel elements 610 mm (24-inches) long. The welding process for the HFIR fuel elements was developed in the early 1960 s and about 450 HFIR fuel assemblies have been successfully welded using the GMAW process qualified in the 1960 s. In recent years because of the degradation of the electronic and mechanical components in the old HFIR welding system, reportable defects in plate attachment or adapter welds have been present in almost all completed fuel assemblies. In October 2008, a contract was awarded to AMET, Inc., of Rexburg, Idaho, to replace the old welding equipment with standard commercially available welding components to the maximum extent possible while maintaining the qualified HFIR welding process. The upgraded HFIR welding system represents a major improvement in the welding system used in welding HFIR fuel elements for the previous 40 years. In this upgrade, the new inner GMAW torch is a significant advancement over the original inner GMAW torch previously used. The innovative breakthrough in the new inner welding torch design is the way the direction of the cast in the 0.762 mm (0.030-inch) diameter aluminum weld wire is changed so that the weld wire emerging from the contact tip is straight in the plane perpendicular to the welding direction without creating any significant drag resistance in the feeding of the weld wire.

Sease, John D [ORNL

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

EA-1247: Electrical Power System Upgrades at Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This EA evaluates the environmental impacts for the proposal to upgrade the electrical power supply system for the U.S. Department of Energy Los Alamos National Laboratory to increase the...

97

Guidelines for Upgrading Electrostatic Precipitator Performance: Volume 1: Optimizing an Existing Electrostatic Precipitator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The first of a two-volume set, this guide presents a systematic procedure to optimize a chronically under-performing electrostatic precipitator (ESP) without conducting a major upgrade. The guide focuses on ESPs that require only moderate improvements (less than $10-$20/kW) to achieve their emissions goals. The second volume of this report, which will appear at the end of 1999, will cover more extensive upgrades, as well as flue gas conditioning.

1999-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

98

CEBAF energy upgrade program including re-work of CEBAF cavities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Jefferson Lab, is planning an upgrade of the CEBAF accelerator from a maximum energy of 6 GeV to 12 GeV and from 3 to 4 experimental halls. This paper will discuss the plans for upgrading the energy of the machine which requires improvements of the existing Super Conducting Radio Frequency (SRF) cryomodules and the additions of ten newly designed high performance SRF cryomodules.

Joseph Preble

2008-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

99

Upgrading Methane Using Ultra-Fast Thermal Swing Adsorption  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this project is to design and demonstrate an approach to upgrade low-BTU methane streams from coal mines to pipeline-quality natural gas. The objective of Phase I of the project was to assess the technical feasibility and cost of upgrading low-BTU methane streams using ultra-fast thermal swing adsorption (TSA) using Velocys modular microchannel process technology. The objective of Phase II is to demonstrate the process at the bench-scale. Natural gas upgrading systems have six main unit operations: feed compressor, dehydration unit, nitrogen rejection unit, deoxygenator, carbon dioxide scrubber, and a sales compressor. The NRU is the focus of the development program, and a bench-scale demonstration has been initiated. The Velocys NRU system targets producing methane with greater than 96% purity and at least 90% recovery for final commercial operation. A preliminary cost analysis of the methane upgrading system, including the Velocys NRU, suggests that costs below $2.00 per million (MM) BTU methane may be achieved. The cost for a conventional methane upgrading system is well above $2.30 per MM BTU, as benchmarked in an Environmental Protection Agency study. The project is on schedule and on budget. Task 4, a bench-scale demonstration of the ultra-fast TSA system is complete. Rapid thermal swing of an adsorbent bed using microchannels has been successfully demonstrated and the separation of a 70% methane and 30% nitrogen was purified to 92% methane. The bench-scale demonstration unit was small relative to the system dead volume for the initial phase of experiments and a purge step was added to sweep the dead volume prior to desorbing the bed and measuring purity. A technical and economic feasibility assessment was completed in Task 3. The proposed Velocys technology appears feasible for the methane upgrading market. Evaluated categories include adsorbent selection, rapid-cycle valve selection, microchannel manufacturability assessment, and system design and cost. The selected adsorbent, granular microporous carbon from either Barnaby-Sutcliffe or Calgon, experimentally demonstrated sufficient methane capacity under differential temperature at 100 pounds per square inch gauge. Several valve options were identified, including candidates that can operate millions of cycles between refurbishment. The microchannel adsorber and desorber designs were made using internal Velocys manufacturability standards, and the associated costs are acceptable as included with the complete nitrogen rejection unit (NRU) cost projection. A system design and cost estimate was completed for the NRU section of the methane upgrading system. As integrated into the complete system, the cost is in line with the market requirement.

Anna Lee Tonkovich

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

100

Research Laboratory Experiments with Energy Efficiency Upgrades |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Research Laboratory Experiments with Energy Efficiency Upgrades Research Laboratory Experiments with Energy Efficiency Upgrades Research Laboratory Experiments with Energy Efficiency Upgrades August 30, 2012 - 11:52am Addthis Energy efficiency upgrades -- such as geothermal heating and cooling, nanogel-filled windows, and lighting sensors -- will help the University of Kentucky Center for Applied Energy Research reduce energy use and save money. | Photo courtesy of the University of Kentucky. Energy efficiency upgrades -- such as geothermal heating and cooling, nanogel-filled windows, and lighting sensors -- will help the University of Kentucky Center for Applied Energy Research reduce energy use and save money. | Photo courtesy of the University of Kentucky. Julie McAlpin Communications Liaison, State Energy Program

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "require upgrading increasing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Research Laboratory Experiments with Energy Efficiency Upgrades |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Research Laboratory Experiments with Energy Efficiency Upgrades Research Laboratory Experiments with Energy Efficiency Upgrades Research Laboratory Experiments with Energy Efficiency Upgrades August 30, 2012 - 11:52am Addthis Energy efficiency upgrades -- such as geothermal heating and cooling, nanogel-filled windows, and lighting sensors -- will help the University of Kentucky Center for Applied Energy Research reduce energy use and save money. | Photo courtesy of the University of Kentucky. Energy efficiency upgrades -- such as geothermal heating and cooling, nanogel-filled windows, and lighting sensors -- will help the University of Kentucky Center for Applied Energy Research reduce energy use and save money. | Photo courtesy of the University of Kentucky. Julie McAlpin Communications Liaison, State Energy Program

102

APS Upgrade | Advanced Photon Source  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Workshop on new science opportunities provided by a multi-bend achromat lattice at the APS APS-U MBA Lattice Workshop Registration is now closed. Please contact Diane Wilkinson ext. 7810 or a member of the Workshop Organizing Committee for changes or modifications to your registration. Submit Comments, Suggestions, and Ideas for MBA Lattice Workshop October 21-22 Advanced Photon Source Argonne National Lab The Advanced Photon Source Upgrade is focused on delivering a powerful, versatile facility for science using high-brightness, high-energy X-rays. At APS, and around the light source community, scientists have been developing storage ring designs that push closer to the ultimate diffraction limit for X-ray sources. A recent report by the Basic Energy Sciences Advisory Committee, which advises the Director of the U.S.

103

Energy Efficiency Through Lighting Upgrades  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Lighting upgrades including neon to LED, incandescent to CFL's and T-12 to T-8 and T-5's were completed through this grant. A total of 16 Chickasaw nation facilities decreased their carbon footprint because of these grant funds. Calculations used were based on comparing the energy usage from the previous year�¢����s average and the current energy usage. For facilities without a full year's set of energy bills, the month after installation was compared to the same month from the previous year. Overall, the effect the lighting change-outs had for the gaming centers and casinos far exceeded expectations. For the Madill Gaming Center; both an interior and exterior upgrade was performed which resulted in a 31% decrease in energy consumption. This same reduction was seen in every facility that participated in the grant. Just by simply changing out light bulbs to newer energy efficient equivalents, a decrease in energy usage can be achieved and this was validated by the return on investment seen at Chickasaw Nation facilities. Along with the technical project tasks were awareness sessions presented at Chickasaw Head Starts. The positive message of environmental stewardship was passed down to head start students and passed along to Chickasaw employees. Excitement was created in those that learned what they could do to help reduce their energy bills and many followed through and took the idea home. For a fairy low cost, the general public can also use this technique to lower their energy consumption both at home and at work. Although the idea behind the project was somewhat simple, true benefits have been gained through environmental awareness and reductions of energy costs.

Kara Berst; Maria Howeth

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Why Energy Efficiency Upgrades  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

About About Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Why Energy Efficiency Upgrades to someone by E-mail Share Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Why Energy Efficiency Upgrades on Facebook Tweet about Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Why Energy Efficiency Upgrades on Twitter Bookmark Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Why Energy Efficiency Upgrades on Google Bookmark Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Why Energy Efficiency Upgrades on Delicious Rank Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Why Energy Efficiency Upgrades on Digg Find More places to share Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Why Energy Efficiency Upgrades on AddThis.com... Our History Related Federal Programs Why Energy Efficiency Upgrades

105

Boiler Upgrades and Decentralizing Steam Systems Save Water and...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Boiler Upgrades and Decentralizing Steam Systems Save Water and Energy at Naval Air Station Oceana Boiler Upgrades and Decentralizing Steam Systems Save Water and Energy at Naval...

106

Using QECBs for Public Building Upgrades: Reducing Energy Bills...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Public Building Upgrades: Reducing Energy Bills in the City of Philadelphia Title Using QECBs for Public Building Upgrades: Reducing Energy Bills in the City of Philadelphia...

107

EA-1321: Proposed Upgrade and Improvement of The National Synchrotron...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Proposed Upgrade and Improvement of The National Synchrotron Light Source Complex at Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York EA-1321: Proposed Upgrade and Improvement of...

108

ENERGY STAR Building Upgrade Manual Chapter 13: Retail Stores...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

care resources Small business resources State and local government resources ENERGY STAR Building Upgrade Manual Chapter 13: Retail Stores The Building Upgrade Manual is a...

109

ENERGY STAR Building Upgrade Manual Chapter 7: Supplemental Load...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

care resources Small business resources State and local government resources ENERGY STAR Building Upgrade Manual Chapter 7: Supplemental Load Reduction The Building Upgrade...

110

ENERGY STAR Building Upgrade Manual Chapter 6: Lighting | ENERGY...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

care resources Small business resources State and local government resources ENERGY STAR Building Upgrade Manual Chapter 6: Lighting The Building Upgrade Manual is a...

111

ENERGY STAR Building Upgrade Manual Chapter 5: Retrocommissioning...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

care resources Small business resources State and local government resources ENERGY STAR Building Upgrade Manual Chapter 5: Retrocommissioning The Building Upgrade Manual is...

112

ENERGY STAR Building Upgrade Manual Chapter 12: Hotels and Motels...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

care resources Small business resources State and local government resources ENERGY STAR Building Upgrade Manual Chapter 12: Hotels and Motels The Building Upgrade Manual is...

113

ENERGY STAR Building Upgrade Manual Chapter 10: K-12 Schools...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

care resources Small business resources State and local government resources ENERGY STAR Building Upgrade Manual Chapter 10: K-12 Schools The Building Upgrade Manual is a...

114

ENERGY STAR Building Upgrade Manual Chapter 4: Financing | ENERGY...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

care resources Small business resources State and local government resources ENERGY STAR Building Upgrade Manual Chapter 4: Financing The Building Upgrade Manual is a...

115

Posted CX Q14 Sprinkler System Upgrade.pdf  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

(NEPA) Categorical Exclusion (eX) (NEPA) Categorical Exclusion (eX) Determination Summary Form Q14 Sprinkler System Upgrade Project REFERENCE J 10 CFR Part 1021 , Department of Energy National Environmental Policy Act Implementation Procedures, Subpart 0 , Typical Classes of Actions PROJECT SCOPE DISCUSSION The project scope will upgrade the Q14 sprinkler system to meet exposed plastic design basis requirements by installing a fire pump and performing modifications to the Q14 sprinkler piping. The fire pump will be a pre-assembled skid system with enclosure diesel powered pump and associated diesel storage tank. The fire pump assembly wi ll be located on a foundation pad in the grassy area ,;!orthwest of 014. Electrical work will include providing general power to the fire pump building and fire pump control/alarm wiring to a fire alarm panel in the 014

116

Microsoft Word - CX-2013ElectronicEquipmentUpgrades_WEB.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

April 12, 2013 April 12, 2013 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEPR-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Cleareance Memorandum Molly Kovaka Bob Trismen Contractor - TEP-CSB-2 Electrical Engineer - TEP-CSB-1 Proposed Action: Electronic Equipment Upgrades and Emergency Generator Replacements PP&A Project No: 2571 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.7 Electronic Equipment; B1.3 Routine maintenance activities Location: Multiple locations within Bonneville Power Administration's (BPA) service area. Proposed by: BPA Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to upgrade electronic equipment required for operation of its transmission grid and replace emergency generators. Several types of actions involving communications, meters, relays, and Remedial Action Scheme (RAS) and Supervisory

117

Upgrading the Radioactive Waste Management Infrastructure in Azerbaijan  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Radionuclide uses in Azerbaijan are limited to peaceful applications in the industry, medicine, agriculture and research. The Baku Radioactive Waste Site (BRWS) 'IZOTOP' is the State agency for radioactive waste management and radioactive materials transport. The radioactive waste processing, storage and disposal facility is operated by IZOTOP since 1963 being significantly upgraded from 1998 to be brought into line with international requirements. The BRWS 'IZOTOP' is currently equipped with state-of-art devices and equipment contributing to the upgrade the radioactive waste management infrastructure in Azerbaijan in line with current internationally accepted practices. The IAEA supports Azerbaijan specialists in preparing syllabus and methodological materials for the Training Centre that is currently being organized on the base of the Azerbaijan BRWS 'IZOTOPE' for education of specialists in the area of safety management of radioactive waste: collection, sorting, processing, conditioning, storage and transportation. (authors)

Huseynov, A. [Baku Radioactive Waste Site IZOTOP, Baku (Azerbaijan); Batyukhnova, O. [State Unitary Enterprise Scientific and Industrial Association Radon, Moscow (Russian Federation); Ojovan, M. [Sheffield Univ., Immobilisation Science Lab. (United Kingdom); Rowat, J. [International Atomic Energy Agency, Dept. of Nuclear Safety and Security, Vienna (Austria)

2007-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Snowmass White Paper CMS Upgrade: Forward Lepton-Photon System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This White Paper outlines a proposal for an upgraded forward region to extend CMS lepton (e, mu) and photon physics reach out to 2.2increases.

Bilki, Burak; Onel, Yasar; Winn, David R; Yetkin, Taylan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

Advanced Photon Source RF Beam Position Monitor System Upgrade Design and Commissioning  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper describes the Advanced Photon Source (APS) storage ring mono-pulse rf beam position monitor (BPM) system upgrade. The present rf BPM system requires a large dead time of 400 ns between the measured bunch and upstream bunch. The bunch pattern is also constrained by the required target cluster of six bunches of 7 mA minimum necessary to operate the receiver near the top end of the dynamic range. The upgrade design objectives involve resolving bunches spaced as closely as 100 ns. These design objectives require us to reduce receiver front-end losses and reflections. An improved trigger scheme that minimizes systematic errors is also required. The upgrade is in the final phases of installation and commissioning at this time. The latest experimental and commissioning data and results will be presented.

Lill, R; Singh, O

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

120

Pulsed power supply for Nova Upgrade. Final report, August 1, 1991 to March 31, 1992  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report describes work carried out at the Center for Electromechanics at The University of Texas at Austin (CEM-UT). A baseline design of the Nova Upgrade has been completed by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. The Nova Upgrade is an 18 beamline Nd: glass laser design utilizing fully relayed 4x4 30 cm aperture segmented optical components. The laser thus consists of 288 independent beamlets nominally producing 1.5 to 2.0 MJ of 0.35 {mu}m light in a 3 to 5 ns pulse. The laser design is extremely flexible and will allow a wide range of pulses to irradiate ICF targets. This facility will demonstrate ignition/gain and the scientific feasibility of ICF for energy and defense applications. The pulsed power requirements for the Nova Upgrade are given. CEM-UT was contracted to study and develop a design for a homopolar generator/inductor (HPG/inductor) opening switch system which would satisfy the pulsed power supply requirements of the Nova Upgrade. The Nd:glass laser amplifiers used in the Nova Upgrade will be powered by light from xenon flashlamps. The pulsed power supply for the Nova Upgrade powers the xenon flashlamps. This design and study was for a power supply to drive flashlamps.

Bacon, J.L.; Kajs, J.P.; Walls, A.; Weldon, W.F.; Zowarka, R.C. [Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (US). Center for Electromechanics] [Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (US). Center for Electromechanics

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "require upgrading increasing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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121

Recent results of the ATLAS Upgrade Planar Pixel Sensors R&D Project  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The ATLAS detector has to undergo significant updates at the end of the current decade, in order to withstand the increased occupancy and radiation damage that will be produced by the high-luminosity upgrade of the Large Hadron Collider. In this presentation we give an overview of the recent accomplishments of the R&D activity on the planar pixel sensors for the ATLAS Inner Detector upgrade.

Giovanni Marchiori; for the ATLAS Upgrade PPS Collaboration

2011-09-14T23:59:59.000Z

122

AGS performance and upgrades; A possible proton driver for a muon collider  

SciTech Connect

After the successful completion of the AGS Booster and several upgrades of the AGS, a new intensity record of 6.3 x 10{sup 13} protons per pulse accelerated to 24GeV was achieved. Further intensity upgrades are being discussed that could increase the average delivered beam intensity by up to a factor of six. The total beam power then reaches almost 1 MW and the AGS can then be considered as a proton driver for a muon collider.

Roser, T.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

123

Upgrading Methane Using Ultra-Fast Thermal Swing Adsorption  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this project is to design and demonstrate an approach to upgrade low-BTU methane streams from coal mines to pipeline-quality natural gas. The objective of Phase I of the project was to assess the technical feasibility and cost of upgrading low-BTU methane streams using ultra-fast thermal swing adsorption (TSA) using Velocys modular microchannel process technology. The objective of Phase II is to demonstrate the process at the bench scale. The project is on schedule and on budget. A technical and economic feasibility assessment was completed in Task 3. The proposed Velocys technology appears feasible for the methane upgrading market. Evaluated categories include adsorbent selection, rapid-cycle valve selection, microchannel manufacturability assessment, and system design and cost. The selected adsorbent, granular microporous carbon from either Barnaby-Sutcliffe or Calgon, experimentally demonstrated sufficient methane capacity under differential temperature at 100 pounds per square inch gauge. Several valve options were identified, including candidates that can operate millions of cycles between refurbishment. The microchannel adsorber and desorber designs were made using internal Velocys manufacturability standards, and the associated costs are acceptable as included with the complete nitrogen rejection unit (NRU) cost projection. A system design and cost estimate was completed for the NRU section of the methane upgrading system. As integrated into the complete system, the cost is in line with the market requirement. The system has six main unit operations: feed compressor, dehydration unit, nitrogen rejection unit, deoxygenator, carbon dioxide scrubber, and a sales compressor. The NRU is the focus of the development program, and a bench-scale demonstration will be initiated in the next fiscal year. The Velocys NRU system targets producing methane with greater than 96% purity and at least 90% recovery for final commercial operation. A preliminary cost analysis of the methane upgrading system, including the Velocys NRU, suggests that costs below $2.00 per million (MM) BTU methane may be achieved. The cost for a conventional methane upgrading system is well above $2.30 per MM BTU, as benchmarked in an Environmental Protection Agency study.

Anna Lee Tonkovich

2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Screening of processing and upgrading schemes  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The RFP was predicated on DOE's desire to enhance the development of advanced transportation fuels made from coal via a program to process mild coal gasification (MCG) liquids into high volumetric energy density (HEDF) test fuels. The desired product fuels were to be cost effectively manufactured, have high volumetric energy density, and be hydrocarbon-based for existing and prototype turbine and diesel engines. The sources for these special fuels consist of the abundant and secure indigenous energy resources of coal. Comparison studies were also to be made using other non-petroleum fossil fuels such as shale oil and tar sands bitumen. METC has concluded that MCG technology has the potential to simultaneously satisfy the transportation and power generation fuel needs in the most cost-effective manner. MCG is based on low temperature pyrolysis, a technique known to the coal community for over a century. Most past pyrolysis developments were aimed at maximizing the liquids yield which results in a low quality tarry product requiring significant and capital intensive upgrading. By properly tailoring the pyrolysis severity to control the liquid yield-liquid quality relationship, it has been found that a higher quality distillate-boiling liquid can be readily skimmed'' from the coal. The resultant liquids have a much higher H/C ratio than conventional pyrolytic tars and therefore can be hydroprocessed at lower cost. These liquids are also extremely enriched in 1-, 2-, and 3-ring aromatics.

Not Available

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Investment and Upgrade in Distributed Generation under Uncertainty  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Investment and Upgrade in Distributed Generation under Uncertainty Investment and Upgrade in Distributed Generation under Uncertainty Speaker(s): Afzal Siddiqui Karl Maribu Date: September 4, 2008 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Galen Barbose The ongoing deregulation of electricity industries worldwide is providing incentives for microgrids to use small-scale distributed generation (DG) and combined heat and power (CHP) applications via heat exchangers (HXs) to meet local energy loads. Although the electric-only effciency of DG is lower than that of central-station production, relatively high tariff rates and the potential for CHP applications increase the attractiveness of on-site generation. Nevertheless, a microgrid contemplating the installation of gas-fired DG has to be aware of the uncertainty in the

126

12 GeV Upgrade | Jefferson Lab  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites

Science Science A Schematic of the 12 GeV Upgrade The 12 GeV Upgrade will greatly expand the research capabilities of Jefferson Lab, adding a fourth experimental hall, upgrading existing halls and doubling the power of the lab's accelerator. A D D I T I O N A L L I N K S: 12 GeV Home Public Interest Scientific Opportunities Hall D Status Updates Contacts Three-Year Accelerator Schedule 2014 - 2016 top-right bottom-left-corner bottom-right-corner 12 GeV Upgrade Physicists at Jefferson Lab are trying to find answers to some of nature's most perplexing questions about the universe by exploring the nucleus of the atom. Their goal is to answer such questions as: "What is the universe made of?" and "What holds everyday matter together?" In their search for answers, physicists smash electrons into atoms using

127

Steam-system upgrades | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Linked Data Page Edit History Share this page on Facebook icon Twitter icon Steam-system upgrades Jump to: navigation, search TODO: Add description List of Steam-system...

128

Pricing and Market Segmentation with Software Upgrades.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

it selects and the number of customers attracted by theseincrease in the number of upgrading customers. Thus, p ? = ?is because: (1) the number of total customers is F c (?) in

Bala, R.; Carr, S. C.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

User and Performance Impacts from Franklin Upgrades  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

J. Lebens. Post- Mortem of the NERSC Franklin XT4 Upgrade toCray User Group Meeting NERSC Franklin Home Page: http://planning from both Cray and NERSC, service interruptions

He, Yun Helen

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

130

SRF CAVITY PERFORMANCE OVERVIEW FOR THE 12 GeV UPGRADE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The CEBAF accelerator, a recirculating CW electron accelerator that is currently operating at Jefferson Laboratory, is in the process of having 10 new cryomodules installed to allow for the maximum beam energy to be increased from 6 GeV to 12 GeV. This upgrade required the fabrication, processing and RF qualification of 80, seven cell elliptical SRF cavities, a process that was completed in February 2012. The RF performance achieve in the vertical testing dewars has exceeded the design specification by {approx}25% and is a testament to the cavity design and processing cycle that has been implemented. This paper will provide a summary of the cavity RF performance in the vertical tests, as well as review the overall cavity processing cycle and duration for the project.

A. Burrill, G.K. Davis, C.E. Reece, A.V. Reilly, M. Stirbet

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

131

Commissioning Results of the Upgraded Neutralized Drift Compression Experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

COMMISSIONING RESULTS OF THE UPGRADED NEUTRALIZED DRIFTexperiments. We report on commissioning results of the

Lidia, S.M.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

132

Have You Added Value to Your Home with Energy Saving Upgrades? | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Have You Added Value to Your Home with Energy Saving Upgrades? Have You Added Value to Your Home with Energy Saving Upgrades? Have You Added Value to Your Home with Energy Saving Upgrades? July 15, 2011 - 3:47pm Addthis This week, Eric shared his thoughts on Building Value with Energy-Saving Upgrades in Homes and Businesses. He also mentioned the U.S. Department of Energy's Commercial Building Initiative, which is a partnership between the department and industry representatives to encourage the development of higher commercial building efficiency measures. Read the full text of the partnership agreement. How about you? Have you done any energy-efficient remodeling and seen your home increase in either value or appeal to potential buyers? Or are you planning to do so in the next few years? Each week, you have the chance to share your thoughts on a question about

133

Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Honeymoons Lead to Upgrades in  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Honeymoons Honeymoons Lead to Upgrades in Western Vermont to someone by E-mail Share Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Honeymoons Lead to Upgrades in Western Vermont on Facebook Tweet about Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Honeymoons Lead to Upgrades in Western Vermont on Twitter Bookmark Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Honeymoons Lead to Upgrades in Western Vermont on Google Bookmark Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Honeymoons Lead to Upgrades in Western Vermont on Delicious Rank Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Honeymoons Lead to Upgrades in Western Vermont on Digg Find More places to share Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Honeymoons Lead to Upgrades in Western Vermont on AddThis.com... Better Buildings Residential Network Progress

134

Study of capital requirements for solar energy. Final report, Volume 1. Analysis of the macroeconomic effects of increased solar energy market penetration  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report defines the analytical framework for, and presents the results of, a study to determine the macroeconomic effects of increased market penetration of solar energy technologies over the 1977-2000 time period. For the purposes of this document, solar technologies are defined as wind, photovoltaics, ocean thermal electric (OTEC), small-scale (non-utility) hydroelectric and all solar active and passive thermal technologies. This research has been undertaken in support of the National Plan to Accelerate Commercialization (NPAC) of Solar Energy. The capital and operating requirements for three market penetration levels are first determined; the effects of these requirements on economic performance are then estimated using the Hudson-Jorgenson Energy/Economic Model. The analytical design, computational methods, data sources, assumptions and scenario configurations for this analysis are defined in detail. The results of the analysis of the economic impact of solar energy are presented in detail, and the implications of these results are discussed. Appendix A explains the methodology for transforming investment to capital stocks. Appendix B, which is provided in a separate volume, describes the Hudson-Jorgenson Model in greater detail. (WHK)

Pleatsikas, C.J.; Hudson, E.A.; O'Connor, D.C.; Funkhouser, D.H.

1979-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

135

The Advanced Light Source Upgrade  

SciTech Connect

The ALS, a third-generation synchrotron light source at Berkeley Lab, has been operating for almost a decade and is generating forefront science by exploiting the high brightness of a third-generation source in three areas: (1) high resolving power for spectroscopy; (2) high spatial resolution for microscopy and spectromicroscopy; and (3) high coherence for experiments such as speckle. However, the ALS was one of the first third-generation machines to be designed, and accelerator and insertion-device technology have significantly changed since its conception. As a result, its performance will inevitably be outstripped by newer, more advanced sources. To remain competitive and then set a new standard, the performance of the ALS, in particular its brightness, must be enhanced. Substantial improvements in brightness and current have always been feasible in principle, but they incur the penalty of a much reduced lifetime, which is totally unacceptable to our users. Significant brightness improvements can be realized in the core soft x-ray region by going to top-off operation, where injection would be quasi-continuous and the lifetime objections disappear. In top-off mode with higher average current, a reduced vertical emittance and beta function, and small-gap permanent-magnet or superconducting insertion devices, one to two orders of magnitude improvement in brightness can be had in the soft x-ray range. These improvements also extend the high energy range of the undulator radiation beyond the current limit of 2000 eV. Descriptions of the upgrade and the important new science achievable are presented.

Chemla, Daniel S.; Feinberg, Benjamin; Hussain, Zahid; Krebs, Gary F.; Padmore, Howard A.; Robin, David S.; Robinson, Arthur L.; Smith, Neville V.

2003-11-04T23:59:59.000Z

136

A new ATLAS efficiency and intensity upgrade project.  

SciTech Connect

The ATLAS facility provides beams of essentially all stable isotopes at energies above the Coulomb barrier for nuclear physics research. We have developed a two-stage ATLAS upgrade plan which includes the replacement of aging split-ring cavities by high-performance quarter-wave resonators (QWR) capable of accelerating {approx}100 p{mu}A ion beams. The first stage of the upgrade project funded through the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act includes accelerator efficiency increase by adding a new RFQ injector, development and construction of a new cryomodule containing up to 3 SC solenoids and 8 QWRs. A new 72.75 MHz resonator is designed for an optimum ion velocity {beta} = 0.075. To achieve record high accelerating voltage {approx}2.5 MV at this very low velocity range, EM properties of the resonator are highly optimized to reduce peak surface fields. The resonator will be equipped with a piezoelectric fast tuner and capacitive coupler to transmit several kilowatts of RF power. The vast experience gained during the development, commissioning and operation of the ATLAS energy upgrade cryomodule [1] will be applied for the design of the new cryomodule.

Ostroumov, P. N.; Fuerst, J. D.; Kelly, M. P.; Mustapha, B.; Shepard, K. W.; Xu, J.; Physics

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Network Upgrade for the SLC: Control System Modifications  

SciTech Connect

Current communications between the SLAC Linear Collider control system central host and the SLCmicros is built upon the SLAC developed SLCNET communication hardware and protocols. We will describe how the Internet Suite of protocols (TCP/IP) are used to replace the SLCNET protocol interface. The major communication pathways and their individual requirements are described. A proxy server is used to reduce the number of total system TCP/IP connections. The SLCmicros were upgraded to use Ethernet and TCP/IP as well as SLCNET. Design choices and implementation experiences are addressed.

Crane, M.; Mackenzie, R.; Sass, R.; Himel, T.; /SLAC

2011-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

138

THE RELATIVISTIC HEAVY ION COLLIDER (RHIC) REFRIGERATOR SYSTEM AT BROOKHAVEN NATIONAL LABORATORY: PHASE III OF THE SYSTEM PERFORMANCE AND OPERATIONS UPGRADES FOR 2003  

SciTech Connect

An ongoing program at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) consists of improving the efficiency of the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) cryogenic system and reducing its power consumption. Phase I and I1 of the program addressed plant operational improvements and modifications that resulted in substantial operational cost reduction and improved system reliability and stability, and a compressor input power reduction of 2 MW has been demonstrated. Phase 111, now under way, consists of plans for further increasing the efficiency of the plant by adding a load ''wet'' turbo-expander and its associated heat exchangers at the low temperature end of the plant. This additional stage of cooling at the coldest level will further reduce the required compressor flow and therefore compressor power input. This paper presents the results of the plant characterization, as it is operating presently, as well as the results of the plant simulations of the various planned upgrades for, the plant. The immediate upgrade includes the changes associated with the load expander. The subsequent upgrade will involve the resizing of expander 5 and 6 to increase their efficiencies. The paper summarizes the expected improvement in the plant efficiency and the overall reduction in the compressor power.

SIDI-YEKHLEF,A.; TUOZZOLO,J.; THAN, R.; KNUDSEN, P.; ARENIUS, D.

2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

139

Climate balance of biogas upgrading systems  

SciTech Connect

One of the numerous applications of renewable energy is represented by the use of upgraded biogas where needed by feeding into the gas grid. The aim of the present study was to identify an upgrading scenario featuring minimum overall GHG emissions. The study was based on a life-cycle approach taking into account also GHG emissions resulting from plant cultivation to the process of energy conversion. For anaerobic digestion two substrates have been taken into account: (1) agricultural resources and (2) municipal organic waste. The study provides results for four different upgrading technologies including the BABIU (Bottom Ash for Biogas Upgrading) method. As the transport of bottom ash is a critical factor implicated in the BABIU-method, different transport distances and means of conveyance (lorry, train) have been considered. Furthermore, aspects including biogas compression and energy conversion in a combined heat and power plant were assessed. GHG emissions from a conventional energy supply system (natural gas) have been estimated as reference scenario. The main findings obtained underlined how the overall reduction of GHG emissions may be rather limited, for example for an agricultural context in which PSA-scenarios emit only 10% less greenhouse gases than the reference scenario. The BABIU-method constitutes an efficient upgrading method capable of attaining a high reduction of GHG emission by sequestration of CO{sub 2}.

Pertl, A., E-mail: andreas.pertl@boku.ac.a [Institute of Waste Management, Department of Water, Atmosphere and Environment, University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences, Vienna, Muthgasse 107, A-1190 Wien (Austria); Mostbauer, P.; Obersteiner, G. [Institute of Waste Management, Department of Water, Atmosphere and Environment, University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences, Vienna, Muthgasse 107, A-1190 Wien (Austria)

2010-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

140

Instrumentation upgrades for the Macromolecular Crystallography beamlines  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Instrumentation upgrades for the Macromolecular Crystallography beamlines Instrumentation upgrades for the Macromolecular Crystallography beamlines of the Swiss Light Source Monday, October 29, 2012 - 2:00am SSRL, Bldg. 137, Rm. 322 Martin Fuchs, MX Group, Swiss Light Source; Paul Scherrer Institute (Villigen, Switzerland) A new unified diffractometer - the D3 - has been developed for the three MX beamlines. The first of the instruments is in general user operation at beamline X10SA since April 2012. The varied demands from both challenging academic research projects as well as high throughput industrial applications on today's macromolecular crystallography beamlines drive developments to both endstations and beamline optics. Recent instrumentation upgrades to the macromolecular crystallography (MX) beamlines of the Swiss Light Source therefore aimed to

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "require upgrading increasing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Upgrading of light Fischer-Tropsch products  

SciTech Connect

Work during this quarter concentrated on Task 4 of the study. The objective of this task is to evaluate the application of the UOP/BP Cyclar* process to the upgrading of Fischer-Tropsch LPG products into aromatics. Results from pilot plant studies were translated into commercial yield estimates as described in Quarterly Report No. 7. This quarterly report documents an economic evaluation of the Cyclar process for converting LPG into aromatics in a Fischer-Tropsch upgrading complex. 1 ref., 11 figs., 9 tabs.

1989-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

142

Functional design criteria, Project W-059, B Plant Canyon ventilation upgrade  

SciTech Connect

This document outlines the essential functions and requirements to be included in the design of the proposed B Plant canyon exhaust system upgrade. The project will provide a new exhaust air filter system and isolate the old filters from the airstream.

Roege, P.E.

1995-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

143

SOLAR UPGRADE OF METHANE USING DRY REFORMING IN DIRECT CONTACT BUBBLE REACTOR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SOLAR UPGRADE OF METHANE USING DRY REFORMING IN DIRECT CONTACT BUBBLE REACTOR Khalid Al-Ali 1 process of a solar reformer of dry methane reforming was proposed to operate in a temperature range of 600:2:2 fulfills our requirements for the direct contact bubble reactor of the solar reformer, in which a CO2-rich

Recanati, Catherine

144

Guidelines for Upgrading Electrostatic Precipitator Performance: Electrostatic Precipitator Upgrade Options  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This guide, the second volume of a two-volume set, presents an analytical procedure to evaluate cost-effective options for enhancing the performance of an existing electrostatic precipitator (ESP) when the performance of the ESP, even after optimization, is not satisfactory. The guide focuses on ESPs that require significant improvements (more than $20/kW) to achieve their emissions goals. The first volume of this report, published in September 1999, treated low-cost options that could be used to optimiz...

1999-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

145

Energy Upgrades to Save Small Arizona Town Big Money | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Upgrades to Save Small Arizona Town Big Money Energy Upgrades to Save Small Arizona Town Big Money July 19, 2010 - 1:00pm Addthis An aerial shot of Oro Valley, Ariz.'s town...

146

Missouri Water Treatment Plant Upgraded | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Water Treatment Plant Upgraded Missouri Water Treatment Plant Upgraded July 13, 2010 - 11:30am Addthis The high service pumps at the St. Peters Water Treatment Plant are almost 30...

147

How to Save Energy, Money with Home Energy Upgrades | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

How to Save Energy, Money with Home Energy Upgrades How to Save Energy, Money with Home Energy Upgrades November 1, 2013 - 4:38pm Addthis Tammara Thayer thanks Steve Lemaire (left)...

148

Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Energy Upgrade California Drives  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Energy Upgrade Energy Upgrade California Drives Demand From Behind the Wheel to someone by E-mail Share Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Energy Upgrade California Drives Demand From Behind the Wheel on Facebook Tweet about Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Energy Upgrade California Drives Demand From Behind the Wheel on Twitter Bookmark Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Energy Upgrade California Drives Demand From Behind the Wheel on Google Bookmark Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Energy Upgrade California Drives Demand From Behind the Wheel on Delicious Rank Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Energy Upgrade California Drives Demand From Behind the Wheel on Digg Find More places to share Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: Energy Upgrade California Drives Demand From Behind the Wheel on

149

NSTX Upgrade Armor Plate Backing Plate  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NSTX Upgrade Armor Plate Backing Plate NSTXU-CALC-24-02-00 Rev 0 February 17, 2011 Prepared By # NSTXU_CALC-24-02-00 Revision # 00 WP #: 1508 (ENG-032) Purpose of Calculation: 1.) To qualify the Armor backing plate calculation 2.) Build and evaluate a Finite Element Model for The Armor Eddy Current

Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

150

CMS: Present status, limitations, and upgrade plans  

SciTech Connect

An overview of the CMS upgrade plans will be presented. A brief status of the CMS detector will be given, covering some of the issues we have so far experienced. This will be followed by an overview of the various CMS upgrades planned, covering the main motivations for them, and the various R&D efforts for the possibilities under study. The CMS detector has been working extremely well since the start of data-taking at the LHC as is evidenced by the numerous excellent results published by CMS and presented at this workshop and recent conferences. Less well documented are the various issues that have been encountered with the detector. In the spirit of this workshop I will cover some of these issues with particular emphasis on problems that motivate some of the upgrades to the CMS detector for this decade of data-taking. Though the CMS detector has been working extremely well and expectations are great for making the most of the LHC luminosity, there have been a number of issues encountered so far. Some of these have been described and while none currently presents a problem for physics performance, some of them are expected to become more problematic, especially at the highest Phase 1 luminosities for which the majority of the integrated luminosity will be collected. These motivate upgrades for various parts of the CMS detector so that the current excellent physics performance can be maintained or even surpassed in the realm of the highest Phase 1 luminosities.

Cheung, H.W.K.; /Fermilab

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

151

Upgrade of a Scara robot using Orocos  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a bottom-up approach that permits the integration of new devices and functionalities into a robotic cell. Although there are currently notable efforts from the scientific community toward this goal, the initiative presented here combines ... Keywords: Orocos, RTAI, free software, real time systems, robot design and architecture, robot upgrade

Dalton Matsuo Tavares; Rafael Vidal Aroca; Glauco Augusto de Paula Caurin

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

The BABAR Detector: Upgrades, Operation and Performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The BABAR detector operated successfully at the PEP-II asymmetric e+e- collider at the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory from 1999 to 2008. This report covers upgrades, operation, and performance of the collider and the detector systems, as well as the trigger, online and offline computing, and aspects of event reconstruction since the beginning of data taking.

The BABAR Collaboration

2013-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

153

Homeowner Q&A: How I Benefitted from Energy Efficiency Upgrades |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Homeowner Q&A: How I Benefitted from Energy Efficiency Upgrades Homeowner Q&A: How I Benefitted from Energy Efficiency Upgrades Homeowner Q&A: How I Benefitted from Energy Efficiency Upgrades August 14, 2013 - 4:33pm Addthis Pictured here is the knee wall in Seth Budick's daughter's room. While insulating behind the knee wall, Budick and his wife took advantage of the construction and added a built-in shelf -- an improvement that increased the room's comfort and storage. | Photo courtesy of Seth Budick. Pictured here is the knee wall in Seth Budick's daughter's room. While insulating behind the knee wall, Budick and his wife took advantage of the construction and added a built-in shelf -- an improvement that increased the room's comfort and storage. | Photo courtesy of Seth Budick. Rebecca Matulka Rebecca Matulka

154

Guidelines for Home Energy Upgrade Professionals: Standard Work Specifications for Multifamily Energy Upgrades (Fact Sheet)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This fact sheet provides essential information about the 2011 publication of the Workforce Guidelines for Multifamily Home Energy Upgrades, including their origin, their development with the help of industry leaders to create the standard work specifications for retrofit work.

Not Available

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

155

LHC luminosity upgrade with large Piwinski angle scheme: a recent look  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Luminosity upgrade at the LHC collider using longitudinally flat bunches in combination with the large crossing angle (large Piwinski angle scheme) is being studied with renewed interest in recent years. By design, the total beam-beam tune shift at the LHC is less than 0.015 for two interaction points together. But the 2010-11 3.5 TeV collider operation and dedicated studies indicated that the beam-beam tune shift is >0.015 per interaction point. In view of this development we have revisited the requirements for the Large Piwinski Angle scheme at the LHC. In this paper we present a new set of parameters and luminosity calculations for the desired upgrade by investigating: (1) current performance of the LHC injectors, (2) e-cloud issues on nearly flat bunches and (3) realistic beam particle distributions from longitudinal beam dynamics simulations. We also make some remarks on the needed upgrades on the LHC injector accelerators.

Bhat, C.M.; /Fermilab; Zimmermann, f.; /CERN

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

156

Financing Energy Upgrades for K-12 School Districts  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Financing Energy Upgrades for K-12 School Districts Financing Energy Upgrades for K-12 School Districts Page 2 Table of Contents Introduction................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4 What This Guide Covers .................................................................................................................................................................................. 6 Chapter 1: Principles of Financing Energy Upgrades for Schools .................................................................................................. 7 Principle 1. Start with Clear Project Objectives.......................................................................................................................................... 7

157

Upgrade of NSLS timing system  

SciTech Connect

We report on the progress of the new NSLS timing system. There are three types of requirements for NSLS timing system: clocks, synchronization and trigger circuits. All ring revolution frequency clocks are generated using ECL and high speed TTL logic. The synchronization circuits allows to fill both storage rings with any bunch pattern. The triggers are generated by using commercially available digital delay generators. The delay unit`s outputs are ultrastable, with a resolution of 5 ps, and are programmed by computer via IEEE 488 interface. The block diagrams, description of all major timing components and the present status are provided in this paper.

Singh, O.; Ramamoorthy, S.; Sheehan, J.; Smith, J.

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

158

Avoiding Distribution System Upgrade Costs Using Distributed Generation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

PNNL, in cooperation with three utilities, developed a database and methodology to analyze and characterize the avoided costs of Distributed Generation (DG) deployment as an alternative to traditional distribution system investment. After applying a number of screening criteria to the initial set of 307 cases, eighteen were selected for detailed analysis. Alternative DG investment scenarios were developed for these cases to permit capital, operation, maintenance, and fuel costs to be identified and incorporated into the analysis. The “customer-owned” backup power generator option was also investigated. The results of the analysis of the 18 cases show that none yielded cost savings under the alternative DG scenarios. However, the DG alternative systems were configured using very restrictive assumptions concerning reliability, peak rating, engine types and acceptable fuel. In particular it was assumed that the DG alternative in each case must meet the reliability required of conventional distribution systems (99.91% reliability). The analysis was further constrained by a requirement that each substation meet the demands placed upon it by a one in three weather occurrence. To determine if, by relaxing these requirements, the DG alternative might be more viable, one project was re-examined. The 99.91% reliability factor was still assumed for normal operating conditions but redundancy required to maintain reliability was relaxed for the relatively few hours every three years where extreme weather caused load to exceed present substation capacity. This resulted in the deferment of capital investment until later years and reduced the number of engines required for the project. The cost of both the conventional and DG alternative also dropped because the centralized power generation, variable O&M, and DG fuels costs were calculated based on present load requirements in combination with long-term forecasts of load growth, as opposed to load requirements plus a buffer based on predictions of extraordinary weather conditions. Application of the relaxed set of assumptions reduced the total cost of the DG alternative by roughly 57 percent from $7.0 million to $3.0 million. The reduction, however, did not change the overall result of the analysis, as the cost of the conventional distribution system upgrade alternative remained lower at $1.7 million. This paper also explores the feasibility of using a system of backup generators to defer investment in distribution system infrastructure. Rather than expanding substation capacity at substations experiencing slow load growth rates, PNNL considered a scenario where diesel generators were installed on location at customers participating in a program designed to offer additional power security and reliability to the customer and connection to the grid. The backup generators, in turn, could be used to meet peak demand for a limited number of hours each year, thus deferring distribution system investment. Data from an existing program at one of the three participating utilities was used to quantify the costs associated with the backup generator scenario. The results of the “customer owned” backup power generator analysis showed that in all cases the nominal cost of the DG scenario is more than the nominal cost of the base-case conventional distribution system upgrade scenario. However, in two of the cases the total present value costs of the alternative backup generator scenarios were between 15 and 22% less than those for the conventional scenarios. Overall, the results of the study offer considerable encouragement that the use of DG systems can defer conventional distribution system upgrades under the right conditions and when the DG configurations are intelligently designed. Using existing customer-owned DG to defer distribution system upgrades appears to be an immediate commercially-viable opportunity.

Schienbein, Lawrence A.; Balducci, Patrick J.; Nguyen, Tony B.; Brown, Daryl R.; DeSteese, John G.; Speer, Gregory A.

2004-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

159

Tevatron energy and luminosity upgrades beyond the main injector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Fermilab Tevatron will be the world's highest energy hadron collider until the LHC is commissioned, it has the world's highest energy fixed target beams, and Fermilab will be the leading high energy physics laboratory in the US for the foreseeable future. Following the demise of the SSC, a number of possible upgrades to the Tevatron complex, beyond construction of the Main Injector, are being discussed. Using existing technology, it appears possible to increase the luminosity of the \\bar{p}p Collider to at least 10^{33}cm^{-2}sec^{-1} (Tevatron-Star) and to increase the beam energy to 2 TeV (DiTevatron). Fixed target beam of energy about 1.5 TeV could also be delivered. Leaving the existing Tevatron in the tunnel and constructing bypasses around the collider halls would allow simultaneous 800 GeV fixed target and \\sqrt{s} = 4 TeV collider operation. These upgrades would give Fermilab an exciting physics program which would be complementary to the LHC, and they would lay the groundwork for the construction...

Amidei, D; Foster, G W; Jackson, G P; Kamon, T; López, J L; McIntyre, P; Strait, J B; White, J

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Tevatron energy and luminosity upgrades beyond the Main Injector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Fermilab Tevatron will be the world's highest energy hadron collider until the LHC is commissioned, it has the world's highest energy fixed target beams, and Fermilab will be the leading high energy physics laboratory in the US for the foreseeable future. Following the demise of the SSC, a number of possible upgrades to the Tevatron complex, beyond construction of the Main Injector, are being discussed. Using existing technology, it appears possible to increase the luminosity of the $\\bar{p}p$ Collider to at least $10^{33}$cm$^{-2}$sec$^{-1}$ (Tevatron-Star) and to increase the beam energy to 2 TeV (DiTevatron). Fixed target beam of energy about 1.5 TeV could also be delivered. Leaving the existing Tevatron in the tunnel and constructing bypasses around the collider halls would allow simultaneous 800 GeV fixed target and $\\sqrt{s}$ = 4 TeV collider operation. These upgrades would give Fermilab an exciting physics program which would be complementary to the LHC, and they would lay the groundwork for the construction of a possible post-LHC ultra-high energy hadron collider. (Presented at the Eighth Meeting of the Division of Particles and Fields Albuquerque, New Mexico, August 2-6, 1994.)

D. Amidei; A. Baden; G. Foster; G. Jackson; T. Kamon; J. Lopez; P. McIntyre; J. Strait; J. White

1994-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "require upgrading increasing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Energy Star Building Upgrade Value Calculator | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Star Building Upgrade Value Calculator Energy Star Building Upgrade Value Calculator Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Energy Star Building Upgrade Value Calculator (for Office Properties) Agency/Company /Organization: ENERGY STAR Phase: "Evaluate Options and Determine Feasibility" is not in the list of possible values (Bring the Right People Together, Create a Vision, Determine Baseline, Evaluate Options, Develop Goals, Prepare a Plan, Get Feedback, Develop Finance and Implement Projects, Create Early Successes, Evaluate Effectiveness and Revise as Needed) for this property. User Interface: Spreadsheet Website: www.energystar.gov/index.cfm?c=comm_real_estate.building_upgrade_value The Building Upgrade Value Calculator allows practitioners to analyze the

162

Upgrading the Data Acquisition and Control System of the LANSCE LINAC  

SciTech Connect

Los Alamos National Laboratory LANL is in the process of upgrading the control system for the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LANSCE) linear accelerator. The 38 year-old data acquisition and control equipment is being replaced with COTS hardware. An overview of the current system requirements and how the National Instruments cRIO system meets these requirements will be given, as well as an update on the installation and operation of a prototype system in the LANSCE LINAC.

Baros, Dolores [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

163

ATU Advanced Technology Upgrading Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ATU Advanced Technology Upgrading Ltd ATU Advanced Technology Upgrading Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name ATU (Advanced Technology Upgrading) Ltd Place Israel Product Focused on development of rechargeable magnesium battery. References ATU (Advanced Technology Upgrading) Ltd[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. ATU (Advanced Technology Upgrading) Ltd is a company located in Israel . References ↑ "ATU (Advanced Technology Upgrading) Ltd" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=ATU_Advanced_Technology_Upgrading_Ltd&oldid=342420" Categories: Clean Energy Organizations Companies Organizations Stubs What links here Related changes Special pages Printable version

164

Building Value with Energy-Saving Upgrades in Homes and Businesses |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Building Value with Energy-Saving Upgrades in Homes and Businesses Building Value with Energy-Saving Upgrades in Homes and Businesses Building Value with Energy-Saving Upgrades in Homes and Businesses July 12, 2011 - 10:09am Addthis Eric Barendsen Energy Technology Program Specialist, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy When I'm at a dinner party or going to a baseball game with friends, the conversation sometimes turns to what people are doing to improve their homes. As many of our readers have discovered on their own, improving the energy performance of your home can also make it more comfortable and attractive, increase its value, and help you save money on your energy bills. Remodeling a kitchen with granite countertops or stainless steel fixtures, for example, might make a home more attractive to a potential buyer. In the

165

Building Value with Energy-Saving Upgrades in Homes and Businesses |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Building Value with Energy-Saving Upgrades in Homes and Businesses Building Value with Energy-Saving Upgrades in Homes and Businesses Building Value with Energy-Saving Upgrades in Homes and Businesses July 12, 2011 - 10:09am Addthis Eric Barendsen Energy Technology Program Specialist, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy When I'm at a dinner party or going to a baseball game with friends, the conversation sometimes turns to what people are doing to improve their homes. As many of our readers have discovered on their own, improving the energy performance of your home can also make it more comfortable and attractive, increase its value, and help you save money on your energy bills. Remodeling a kitchen with granite countertops or stainless steel fixtures, for example, might make a home more attractive to a potential buyer. In the

166

Hydropower Upgrades to Yield Added Generation at Average Costs Less Than 4  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Hydropower Upgrades to Yield Added Generation at Average Costs Less Hydropower Upgrades to Yield Added Generation at Average Costs Less Than 4 cents per kWh - Without New Dams Hydropower Upgrades to Yield Added Generation at Average Costs Less Than 4 cents per kWh - Without New Dams November 4, 2009 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu today announced up to $30.6 million in Recovery Act funding for the selection of seven hydropower projects that modernize hydropower infrastructure by increasing efficiency and reducing environmental impacts at existing facilities. The expanded hydro generation projects have estimated incremental costs of less than 4 cents per kWh on average. The selections announced today will deploy innovative technologies such as high-efficiency, fish-friendly turbines, improved water intakes, and

167

An Upgrade for the Advanced Light Source  

SciTech Connect

One of the first third-generation synchrotron light sources, the ALS, has been operating for almost a decade at Berkeley Lab, where experimenters have been exploiting its high brightness for forefront science. However, accelerator and insertion-device technology have significantly changed since the ALS was designed. As a result, the performance of the ALS is in danger of being eclipsed by that of newer, more advanced sources. The ALS upgrade that we are planning includes full-energy, top-off injection with higher storage-ring current and the replacement of five first-generation insertion devices with nine state-of-the art insertion devices and four new application-specific beamlines now being identified in a strategic planning process. The upgrade will help keep the ALS at the forefront of soft x-ray synchrotron light sources for the next two decades.

Chemla, Daniel S.; Feinberg, Benedict; Hussain, Zahid; Kirz,Janos; Krebs, Gary F.; Padmore, Howard A.; Robin, David S.; Robinson,Arthur L.; Smith, Neville V.

2004-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

168

JEFFERSON LAB 12 GEV CEBAF UPGRADE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The existing continuous electron beam accelerator facility (CEBAF) at Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF) is a 5-pass, recirculating cw electron Linac operating at approx6 GeV and is devoted to basic research in nuclear physics. The 12 GeV CEBAF Upgrade is a $310 M project, sponsored by the Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Nuclear Physics, that will expand its research capabilities substantially by doubling the maximum energy and adding major new experimental apparatus. The project received construction approval in September 2008 and has started the major procurement process. The cryogenic aspects of the 12 GeV CEBAF Upgrade includes: doubling the accelerating voltages of the Linacs by adding ten new high-performance, superconducting radiofrequency (SRF) cryomodules (CMs) to the existing 42 1/4 cryomodules; doubling of the 2 K cryogenics plant; and the addition of eight superconducting magnets.

Rode, C. H. [Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, Virginia, 23606 (United States)

2010-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

169

Idaho Chemical Processing Plant product denitrator upgrade  

SciTech Connect

The uranium product denitrator at the Idaho Chemical Processing Plant has had serious operating problems since 1970, including inadequate contamintion control, fluidized bed caking, frequent bed heater failure, product overflow plugging, and poor feed control. These problems were minimized through selective redesign and upgrade of the process equipment as part of a process upgrade program completed in March 1981. Following startup and testing of the rebuilt product denitrator, 1044 kg of enriched uranium was processed in three weeks while demonstrating greater reliability, ease of operation, and improved contamination control. To maximize personnel safety in the future, the denitrator vessel should be made critically safe by geometry and process instrumentation isolated from the process for semi-remote operation.

Rindfleisch, J.A.; Durst, P.C.; Dahl, C.A.; Casterline, C.E.; Petig, A.V.

1982-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

Sensitivity Upgrades to the Idaho Accelerator Center Neutron Time of Flight Spectrometer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Past experiments have shown that discrimination between between fissionable and non?fissionable materials is possible using an interrogation technique that monitors for high energy prompt fission neutrons. Several recent upgrades have been made to the neutron time of flight spectrometer at the Idaho Accelerator Center with the intent of increasing neutron detection sensitivity

S. J. Thompson; M. T. Kinlaw; J. F. Harmon; D. P. Wells; A. W. Hunt

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

171

Upgrade of the Proton West secondary beamline  

SciTech Connect

As originally designed and operated, protons entering PW6 were steered by a series of EPB dipoles into a single interaction length beryllium target, some 43 feet from the enclosure wall. Ensuing secondary beams, either p{sup +}/{pi}{sup +} or p{sup -}/{pi}{sup -}, were collected by a string of quadrupoles following the target, steered westward, away from the Proton Center line, through PW6 and PW7, and ultimately focussed on experiment production targets located within the large PW8 hall. Around the Spring of 1988 it was decided to upgrade the existing Proton West secondary beamline to allow for transport of a primary proton beam, anticipated to be either 800 or 900 GeV/c, through PW8. This upgrade project, which is now nearing completion, was largely motivated by the then recent approval of E-771, a hadronic beauty production experiment located in PW8. E-771 represents the third in a series of experiments for the large-acceptance dimuon spectrometer presently located at the end of the Proton West beamline. This Technical Memo is a summary of the upgrade --- an explanation of the underlying strategy and a documentation of the final locations of the secondary beamline elements. 6 refs., 2 figs., 2 tabs.

Spiegel, L.

1989-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

172

Economics of natural gas upgrading  

SciTech Connect

Natural gas could be an important alternative energy source in meeting some of the market demand presently met by liquid products from crude oil. This study was initiated to analyze three energy markets to determine if greater use could be made of natural gas or natural gas derived products and if those products could be provided on an economically competitive basis. The three markets targeted for possible increases in gas use were motor fuels, power generation, and the chemical feedstocks market. The economics of processes to convert natural gas to transportation fuels, chemical products, and power were analyzed. The economic analysis was accomplished by drawing on a variety of detailed economic studies, updating them and bringing the results to a common basis. The processes analyzed included production of methanol, MTBE, higher alcohols, gasoline, CNG, and LNG for the transportation market. Production and use of methanol and ammonia in the chemical feedstock market and use of natural gas for power generation were also assessed. Use of both high and low quality gas as a process feed stream was evaluated. The analysis also explored the impact of various gas price growth rates and process facility locations, including remote gas areas. In assessing the transportation fuels market the analysis examined production and use of both conventional and new alternative motor fuels.

Hackworth, J.H.; Koch, R.W.

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

THERMAL UPGRADING OF 9977 RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL (RAM) TYPE B PACKAGE  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The 9977 package is a radioactive material package that was originally certified to ship Heat Sources and RTG contents up to 19 watts and it is now being reviewed to significantly expand its contents in support of additional DOE missions. Thermal upgrading will be accomplished by employing stacked 3013 containers, a 3013 aluminum spacer and an external aluminum sleeve for enhanced heat transfer. The 7th Addendum to the original 9977 package Safety Basis Report describing these modifications is under review for the DOE certification. The analyses described in this paper show that this well-designed and conservatively analyzed package can be upgraded to carry contents with decay heat up to 38 watts with some simple design modifications. The Model 9977 package has been designed as a replacement for the Department of Transportation (DOT) Fissile Specification 6M package. The 9977 package is a very versatile Type B package which is certified to transport and store a wide spectrum of radioactive materials. The package was analyzed quite conservatively to increase its usefulness and store different payload configurations. Its versatility is evident from several daughter packages such as the 9978 and H1700, and several addendums where the payloads have been modified to suit the Shipper's needs without additional testing.

Gupta, N.; Abramczyk, G.

2012-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

174

RF Power Upgrade for CEBAF at Jefferson Laboratory  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Jefferson Laboratory (JLab) is currently upgrading the 6GeV Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) to 12GeV. As part of the upgrade, RF systems will be added, bringing the total from 340 to 420. Existing RF systems can provide up to 6.5 kW of CW RF at 1497 MHZ. The 80 new systems will provide increased RF power of up to 13 kW CW each. Built around a newly designed and higher efficiency 13 kW klystron developed for JLab by L-3 Communications, each new RF chain is a completely revamped system using hardware different than our present installations. This paper will discuss the main components of the new systems including the 13 kW klystron, waveguide isolator, and HV power supply using switch-mode technology. Methodology for selection of the various components and results of initial testing will also be addressed. Notice: Authored by Jefferson Science Associates, LLC under U.S. DOE Contract No. DE-AC05-06OR23177. The U.S. Government retains a non-exclusive, paid-up, irrevocable, world-wide license to publish or reproduce this manuscript for U.S. Government purposes.

Andrew Kimber,Richard Nelson

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

175

Staff Analysis of Proposed Modifications to Upgrade Three Combustion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Procter and Gamble Cogeneration Project. Staff prepared an analysis of this proposed change, and a copy is enclosed for your information and review. The Procter and Gamble project is a 164 MW cogeneration power plant located in the City of Sacramento in Sacramento County. The project was certified by the Energy Commission on November 16, 1994, and began commercial operation in 1996. The proposed modifications will allow SCA to upgrade the two LM6000PA combustion turbines to LM6000PCs. Additionally, Spray Intercooled Turbine and Enhanced Flow and Speed (Sprint/EFS) technology will be added to all three turbines. These upgrades are anticipated to lower the combustion turbines ’ air pollutant emissions and raise thermal efficiency. Overall facility output is expected to increase by 22 MW (nominal). Energy Commission staff reviewed the petition and assessed the impacts of this proposal on environmental quality, public health and safety, and proposes revisions to seven conditions of certification: AQ-10 through AQ-14, AQ-16, and AQ-39. In addition, AQ-15 would be deleted, and AQ-50 through AQ-51 added to the current conditions of certification. Three analyses were prepared by technical staff, and are attached to this

Paula David

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Systems integration and upgrade of an Engineering Flight Simulator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis presents the system integration and upgrade of the Texas A&M Flight Mechanics Laboratory Engineering Flight Simulator (EFS). This upgrade replaced the previous EFS, a simplistic design that did not resemble an aircraft cockpit or present the pilot with a visual environment adequate for basic flight maneuvers. The EFS goals included: increased field of view for scenery generation, enlarging and improving the cockpit environment, providing a rudimentary cockpit control loader and developing a reliable, portable, data acquisition system. Two head down displays, surrounded by buttons, are installed in a T-37 military trainer cockpit. A digital aircraft configuration indicator completes the instrument panel. Optical encoders monitor all cockpit control effectors connected to a control loader providing a linear stick force gradient and 12 lbs. maximum force. A serial based data acquisition system records all parameters and is compatible with all foreseeable computing platforms. A projector frame, mounts three projectors displaying information from a Silicon Graphics Inc. computer yielding a 148? field of view on three eight foot wide screens. The system provides a significant research tool for testing and evaluation of the General Aviation Pilot Advisor and Training System, a fuzzy logic based pilot advisory system.

Alcorn, William Pleasant

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

177

Network Upgrade for the SLC: PEP II Network  

SciTech Connect

The PEP-II control system required a new network to support the system functions. This network, called CTLnet, is an FDDI/Ethernet based network using only TCP/IP protocols. An upgrade of the SLC Control System micro communications to use TCP/IP and SLCNET would allow all PEP-II control system nodes to use TCP/IP. CTLnet is private and separate from the SLAC public network. Access to nodes and control system functions is provided by multi-homed application servers with connections to both the private CTLnet and the SLAC public network. Monitoring and diagnostics are provided using a dedicated system. Future plans and current status information is included.

Crane, M.; Call, M.; Clark, S.; Coffman, F.; Himel, T.; Lahey, T.; Miller, E.; Sass, R.; /SLAC

2011-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

178

County Aims to Save with Upgrades | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

County Aims to Save with Upgrades County Aims to Save with Upgrades County Aims to Save with Upgrades August 5, 2010 - 6:50pm Addthis Paul Lester Communications Specialist, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Fulton County, Georgia is an example of how large-scale energy upgrades can save local governments millions of dollars and develop a new green workforce. A retrofit program, funded by an $814,300 Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant (EECBG) through the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, was the topic of a recent video. Under the program, more than a dozen county facilities are being upgraded with equipment such as occupancy sensors, digital thermostats and LED exit signs. County workers will also be trained on how to conduct the upgrades and keep buildings energy efficient.

179

Energy Efficiency Upgrades: Benefiting Homeowners and the Environment |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Upgrades: Benefiting Homeowners and the Upgrades: Benefiting Homeowners and the Environment Energy Efficiency Upgrades: Benefiting Homeowners and the Environment May 10, 2013 - 4:37pm Addthis Energy efficient upgrades helped Margie Garmey save money while reducing her impact on the planet. | Photo courtesy of Margie Garmey. Energy efficient upgrades helped Margie Garmey save money while reducing her impact on the planet. | Photo courtesy of Margie Garmey. Rebecca Matulka Rebecca Matulka Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs Looking for ways to save energy? Learn how to do a DIY home energy audit to help you identify and prioritize some energy efficiency upgrades. Check out Energy Saver for tips and advice on ways to save energy and money. When Margie Garmey and her partner bought their newly constructed two-story

180

County Aims to Save with Upgrades | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Aims to Save with Upgrades Aims to Save with Upgrades County Aims to Save with Upgrades August 5, 2010 - 6:50pm Addthis Paul Lester Communications Specialist, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Fulton County, Georgia is an example of how large-scale energy upgrades can save local governments millions of dollars and develop a new green workforce. A retrofit program, funded by an $814,300 Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant (EECBG) through the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, was the topic of a recent video. Under the program, more than a dozen county facilities are being upgraded with equipment such as occupancy sensors, digital thermostats and LED exit signs. County workers will also be trained on how to conduct the upgrades and keep buildings energy efficient.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "require upgrading increasing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Methods and apparatuses for preparing upgraded pyrolysis oil  

SciTech Connect

Methods and apparatuses for preparing upgraded pyrolysis oil are provided herein. In an embodiment, a method of preparing upgraded pyrolysis oil includes providing a biomass-derived pyrolysis oil stream having an original oxygen content. The biomass-derived pyrolysis oil stream is hydrodeoxygenated under catalysis in the presence of hydrogen to form a hydrodeoxygenated pyrolysis oil stream comprising a cyclic paraffin component. At least a portion of the hydrodeoxygenated pyrolysis oil stream is dehydrogenated under catalysis to form the upgraded pyrolysis oil.

Brandvold, Timothy A; Baird, Lance Awender; Frey, Stanley Joseph

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

182

ATLAS Upgrades Towards the High Luminosity LHC: Extending the Discovery Potential  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

After successful LHC operation at the center-of-mass energy of 7 and 8 TeV in 2011 and 2012, plans are actively advancing for a series of upgrades, culminating roughly 10 years from now in the high luminosity LHC (HL-LHC) project, delivering of order five times the LHC nominal instantaneous luminosity along with luminosity levelling. The final goal is to extend the data set from about few hundred fb?1 expected for LHC running to 3000 fb?1 by around 2030. Current planning in ATLAS also has significant upgrades to the detector during the consolidation of the LHC to reach full LHC energy and further upgrades to accommodate running already beyond nominal luminosity this decade. The challenge of coping with HL-LHC instantaneous and integrated luminosity, along with the associated radiation levels, requires further major changes to the ATLAS detector. The designs are developing rapidly for an all-new inner-tracker, significant upgrades in the calorimeter and muon systems, as well as improved triggers and data a...

Vankov, P; The ATLAS collaboration

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

ATLAS Upgrades Towards the High Luminosity LHC: extending the discovery potential  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

After successful LHC operation at the center-of-mass energy of 7 and 8 TeV in 2011 and 2012, plans are actively advancing for a series of upgrades, cul- minating roughly 10 years from now in the high luminosity LHC (HL-LHC) project, delivering of order five times the LHC nominal instantaneous lumi- nosity along with luminosity leveling. The final goal is to extend the data set from about few hundred fb?1 expected for LHC running to 3000 fb?1 by around 2030. Current planning in ATLAS also has significant upgrades to the detector during the consolidation of the LHC to reach full LHC energy and further upgrades to accommodate running already beyond nominal luminosity this decade. The challenge of coping with HL-LHC instantaneous and inte- grated luminosity, along with the associated radiation levels, requires further major changes to the ATLAS detector. The designs are developing rapidly for an all-new inner-tracker, significant upgrades in the calorimeter and muon systems, as well as improved triggers and d...

Valero, A; The ATLAS collaboration

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

184

ATLAS Upgrades Towards the High Luminosity LHC: extending the discovery potential  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

After successful LHC operation at the center-of-mass energy of 7 and 8TeV in 2011 and 2012, plans are actively advancing for a series of upgrades, culminating roughly 10 years from now in the high luminosity LHC (HL-LHC) project, delivering of order five times the LHC nominal instantaneous luminosity along with luminosity leveling. The final goal is to extend the data set from about few hundred fb-1 expected for LHC running to 3000 fb-1 by around 2030. Current planning in ATLAS also has significant upgrades to the detector during the consolidation of the LHC to reach full LHC energy and further upgrades to accommodate running already beyond nominal luminosity this decade. The challenge of coping with HL-LHC instantaneous and integrated luminosity, along with the associated radiation levels, requires further major changes to the ATLAS detector. The designs are developing rapidly for an all-new inner-tracker, significant upgrades in the calorimeter and muon systems, as well as improved triggers and data acquisi...

Valero, A; The ATLAS collaboration

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Economic Options for Upgrading Waste Heat  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There are at least six major types of equipment that upgrade waste heat: (1) thermocompressor; (2) electric drive compressor heat pump; (3) absorption heat pump; (4) high temperature heat powered compressor heat pump; (5) reverse absorption heat pump; and (6) waste heat driven compressor heat pump. Some of these are not widely known, and there has been a tendency to ascribe the characteristics and limitations of the most well-known member to all members of the group. This paper demonstrates the wide variation that actually exists between the different options, and highlights the considerations necessary to ensure the most economic choice for a particular application.

Erickson, D. C.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

186

Syngas Upgrading to Hydrocarbon Fuels Technology Pathway  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This technology pathway case investigates the upgrading of woody biomass derived synthesis gas (syngas) to hydrocarbon biofuels. While this specific discussion focuses on the conversion of syngas via a methanol intermediate to hydrocarbon blendstocks, there are a number of alternative conversion routes for production of hydrocarbons through a wide array of intermediates from syngas. Future work will also consider the variations to this pathway to determine the most economically viable and lowest risk conversion route. Technical barriers and key research needs have been identified that should be pursued for the syngas-to-hydrocarbon pathway to be competitive with petroleum-derived gasoline-, diesel- and jet-range hydrocarbon blendstocks.

Talmadge, M.; Biddy, M.; Dutta, A.; Jones, S.; Meyer, A.

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

NERSC Increases System Storage and Security for Users  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Increases Increases System Storage and Security for Users NERSC Increases System Storage and Security for Users April 28, 2009 Franklin Upgrades Improve I/O Performance Throughout the month of March the Cray XT4 machine Franklin underwent a series of upgrades and improvements, including a major I/O upgrade. The disk capacity of the scratch file system was increased by 30% to 460 TB, and the I/O bandwidth was nearly tripled to an aggregate write performance of 32 GB/sec, compared to 11 GB/s before the upgrade. Instead of adding the new hardware to the existing scratch file system, NERSC chose to implement a second scratch file system so that Franklin now has two scratch file systems, each with a peak write bandwidth of 16 GB/sec. "We doubled the amount of I/O hardware and nearly tripled the bandwidth,

188

List of Steam-system upgrades Incentives | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

upgrades Incentives upgrades Incentives Jump to: navigation, search The following contains the list of 100 Steam-system upgrades Incentives. CSV (rows 1 - 100) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active AlabamaSAVES Revolving Loan Program (Alabama) State Loan Program Alabama Commercial Industrial Institutional Building Insulation Doors Energy Mgmt. Systems/Building Controls Lighting Lighting Controls/Sensors Steam-system upgrades Water Heaters Windows Biodiesel Biomass CHP/Cogeneration Ethanol Fuel Cells using Renewable Fuels Geothermal Electric Hydroelectric energy Landfill Gas Photovoltaics Renewable Fuels Solar Water Heat Commercial Refrigeration Equipment Natural Gas Yes Ameren Missouri (Gas) - Business Energy Efficiency Program (Missouri) Utility Rebate Program Missouri Commercial

189

Profiles in Energy Efficiency Boiler Upgrades Save Money & Energy...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

State and local government resources Profiles in Energy Efficiency Boiler Upgrades Save Money & Energy: AstraZeneca - Newark This profiles explains how Astrazeneca's Newark...

190

Profiles in Energy Efficiency Boiler Upgrades Save Money & Energy...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

State and local government resources Profiles in Energy Efficiency Boiler Upgrades Save Money & Energy: Allergan - Westport This profiles explains how Allergan's Westport facility...

191

Profiles in Energy Efficiency Boiler Upgrades Save Money & Energy...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

State and local government resources Profiles in Energy Efficiency Boiler Upgrades Save Money & Energy: Boeing Philadelphia This profiles explains how Beoing's Philadelphia plant...

192

Profiles in Energy Efficiency Boiler Upgrades Save Money & Energy...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

State and local government resources Profiles in Energy Efficiency Boiler Upgrades Save Money & Energy: Cargill Krefeld This profiles explains how Cargill's Krefeld mill saved...

193

Profiles in Energy Efficiency Boiler Upgrades Save Money & Energy...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

State and local government resources Profiles in Energy Efficiency Boiler Upgrades Save Money & Energy: GM Marion & Orion This profiles explains how GM's Marion & Orion facilities...

194

EA-1190: Wastewater Treatment Capability Upgrade, Amarillo, Texas  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

This EA evaluates the environmental impacts for the proposed upgrade of the U.S. Department of Energy Pantex Plant Wastewater Treatment Plant in Amarillo, Texas.

195

Plains & Eastern Clean Line Project Proposal for New or Upgraded...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Plains & Eastern Clean Line Project Proposal for New or Upgraded Transmission Line Projects Under Section 1222 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 Plains & Eastern Clean Line Project...

196

EA-0907: Idaho National Engineering Laboratory Sewer System Upgrade...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Field Sites Power Marketing Administration Other Agencies You are here Home EA-0907: Idaho National Engineering Laboratory Sewer System Upgrade Project, Idaho Falls, Idaho...

197

Income Tax Deduction for Energy Efficiency Upgrades (Idaho) ...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Facebook icon Twitter icon Income Tax Deduction for Energy Efficiency Upgrades (Idaho) This is the approved revision of this page, as well as being the most recent. Jump...

198

Energy Upgrade Program Revitalizing Oregon | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Act. The program tapped nonprofit Energy Trust of Oregon to provide free energy audits for the participating businesses. Two-year payback When the energy upgrades are...

199

Plains & Eastern Clean Line Project Proposal for New or Upgraded...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

PROJECT PROPOSAL FOR NEW OR UPGRADED TRANSMISSION LINE PROJECTS UNDER SECTION 1222 OF THE ENERGY POLICY ACT OF 2005 JULY 2010 TABLE OF CONTENTS INTRODUCTION 1. The Challenge...

200

SRI2013 | Workshop 3 - Facility Upgrades and High ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 11:45 — 12:15, Christoph Steier (LBNL) DL-ALS, a potential soft x-ray, diffraction-limited upgrade of the Advanced Light Source. ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "require upgrading increasing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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201

Energy Upgrades Pay Off for Taxpayers and Feds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... savings from the energy upgrades, based on 2007 energy prices, came to ... software to figure in a three percent annual energy price escalation rate. ...

2011-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

202

Community based outreach strategies in residential energy upgrade programs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Home energy upgrades can reduce residential energy consumption and improve indoor conditions, thereby realizing environmental, economic, health and other social benefits. Utilities, government and other actors have established ...

McEwen, Brendan (Brendan Carl Francis)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

ALS control system IP I/O module upgrade  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the Fast Orbit Feedback at the ALS, Proceedings of PAC 2003,ALS Control System IP I/O Module Upgrade* J. M . Weber, M .

Weber, Jonah M.; Chin, Michael

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

FRN Request for Proposals for New or Upgraded Transmission Line...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Western Area Power Administration Request for Proposals for New or Upgraded Transmission Line Projects Under Section 1222 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 AGENCY:...

205

NERSC's Franklin Supercomputer Upgraded to Double Its Scientific...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

system. The Department of Energy's (DOE) National Energy Research Scientific Computing (NERSC) Center has officially accepted a series of upgrades to its Cray XT4 supercomputer,...

206

ENERGY STAR Building Upgrade Manual Chapter 11: Supermarkets...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

care resources Small business resources State and local government resources ENERGY STAR Building Upgrade Manual Chapter 11: Supermarkets and Grocery Stores The Building...

207

ENERGY STAR Building Upgrade Manual Chapter 1: Introduction ...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

STAR Building Upgrade Manual Chapter 1: Introduction Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings...

208

EA-1937: Pacific Direct Intertie Upgrade Project, Lake, Jefferson...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Lake, Jefferson, Crook, Deschutes, and Wasco Co, OR SUMMARY This project would replace aging equipment at BPA's Celilo converter station and to upgrade equipment on the...

209

ENERGY STAR Building Upgrade Manual Chapter 2: Benchmarking ...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

efficiency upgrades presented in an easy-to-understand framework designed especially for ENERGY STAR partners. This 12-page chapter defines benchmarking, what successful...

210

Sandia upgrades hardware for NNSA training course | National...  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

upgrades hardware for NNSA training course | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy...

211

Ribbon cutting marks chemistry laboratory upgrades at Northern...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

November 2013 Ribbon cutting marks chemistry laboratory upgrades at Northern New Mexico College Community Connections: Our link to Northern New Mexico Communities Latest...

212

Spotlight on Austin, Texas: Best Offer Ever Produces Upgrades...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Spotlight on Austin, Texas: Best Offer Ever Produces Upgrades in Record Time The Better Buildings Neighborhood Program is part of the national Better Buildings Initiative led by...

213

Boiler Upgrades Save Money & Energy: Boeing Philadelphia  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Boeing Philadelphia Boeing Philadelphia The Boeing Company, headquartered in the U.S., is the world's largest aerospace company and is a leading manufacturer of commercial jetliners and defense, space, and security systems. The company controls over 84 million square feet of facilities enterprise-wide and employs over 159,000. Through its partnership with ENERGY STAR, Boeing has refined its corporate-wide energy management program. As a result, Boeing has been able to strengthen energy management across its sites, including the Philadelphia plant where the company produces the H-47 Chinook Helicopter. Increases in production prompted Boeing to undertake a project to upgrade 223,000 square feet of factory. The planned major retrofit afforded the opportunity to look holistically at energy use at the site, and

214

Upgrading of coal liquefaction feedstock by selective agglomeration  

SciTech Connect

The technical feasibility study of using selective agglomeration (with coal-derived oil) to upgrade Illinois No. 6 coal for a liquefaction feedstock was completed. Effects of coal particle size, slurry pH, oil-to-coal ratio, and operating temperature on mineral matter reduction, clean coal weight recovery, and clean coal moisture content were studied. The addition of coal-derived naphtha or kerosene as conditioners to increase hydrophobicity and recovery of coal was also investigated. Results showed that approximately 70% of the mineral matter could be removed from this coal at a clean coal weight recovery of over 85% by grinding the coal to a mean volume diameter of about 10 microns and properly selecting of the operation variables.

Lai, R.; Sinha, K.; Richardson, A.; Killmeyer, R.; Utz, B.; Hickey, R.; Cillo, D.

1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

New Applications of Transformerless Voltage Sourced Converters (VSC): Phase Displacement for Upgrading Rights-of-Way  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

New overhead transmission lines, steady expansion of electric power systems, and reallocation of generation all make it increasingly important to maximize the use of existing rights-of-way (ROWs) in order to increase power transfer capability. It is extremely difficult and costly, however, to remove critical circuits from service long enough to reconductor or replace old circuits with new higher capacity circuits using the same ROW. This report describes new means to allow either type of upgrade ...

2013-06-28T23:59:59.000Z

216

ATLAS Upgrade Instrumentation in the US  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Planned upgrades of the LHC over the next decade should allow the machine to operate at a center of mass energy of 14 TeV with instantaneous luminosities in the range 5--7e34 cm^-2 s^-1. With these parameters, ATLAS could collect 3,000 fb^-1 of data in approximately 10 years. However, the conditions under which this data would be acquired are much harsher than those currently encountered at the LHC. For example, the number of proton-proton interactions per bunch crossing will rise from the level of 20--30 per 50 ns crossing observed in 2012 to 140--200 every 25 ns. In order to deepen our understanding of the newly discovered Higgs boson and to extend our searches for physics beyond that new particle, the ATLAS detector, trigger, and readout will have to undergo significant upgrades. In this whitepaper we describe R&D necessary for ATLAS to continue to run effectively at the highest luminosities foreseen from the LHC. Emphasis is placed on those R&D efforts in which US institutions are playing a leading role.

Gustaaf Brooijmans; Hal Evans; Abe Seiden

2013-07-22T23:59:59.000Z

217

Gulf Shale Oil Upgrading Process technology  

SciTech Connect

A description of the Gulf Shale Oil Hydrotreating Process, which is designed for upgrading full range shale oil to premium quality synthetic crude, is presented. The process consists of two sections: a low severity pretreating section which stabilizes the raw oil, removes iron, arsenic, trace metals and particulates, and sulfur; and a twostage, high severity hydrotreating section which completes the upgrading. The second section hydrotreats the bulk oil to a specified nitrogen content, allowing for a quality FCC feedstock in the 650F+ (343C+) residue. The main reactor effluent is flashed with subsequent hydrotreating of the flash vapor oil to achieve a low nitrogen level in the naphtha and middle distillate. The benefit of this flash configuration is hydrogen addition selectivity which maximizes syncrude quality while minimizing overall hydrogen consumption; this selectivity relationship is detailed. Finally, the product quality of the syncrudes produced with the Gulf Shale Oil Hydrotreating Process using shale oils derived from three different retort technologies and for Western and Eastern shales are discussed.

Jones, W.; Antezana, F.J.; Cugini, A.V.; Lyzinski, D.; Miller, J.B.

1984-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

218

Guideline for Performing Defense-in-Depth and Diversity Assessments for Digital Upgrades: Applying Risk-Informed and Deterministic M ethods  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To continue meeting safety and reliability requirements while controlling operating costs, operators of nuclear power plants must be able to replace and upgrade equipment in a cost-effective manner. Instrumentation and control upgrades typically involve either replacement of analog devices with more modern digital technology or updating existing digital equipment. The use of digital technology raises the issue of potential software-related common-cause failure in multiple trains or systems that are safet...

2004-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

219

BIG Energy Upgrade: Procurement and Supply Chain report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

BIG Energy Upgrade: Procurement and Supply Chain report ­ Green Deal and Energy Efficiency. Cover Image © Yorkshire Energy Services #12;BIG Energy Upgrade: Procurement and Supply Chain report ­ Green Deal and Energy Efficiency Retrofitting Supply Chains Delivery Professor S.C. Lenny Koh Dr Andrea

Wrigley, Stuart

220

Operational test report integrated system test (ventilation upgrade)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Operational Final Test Report for Integrated Systems, Project W-030 (Phase 2 test, RECIRC and HIGH-HEAT Modes). Project W-030 provides a ventilation upgrade for the four Aging Waste Facility tanks, including upgraded vapor space cooling and filtered venting of tanks AY101, Ay102, AZ101, AZ102.

HARTY, W.M.

1999-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "require upgrading increasing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Antecedents of consumers' intentions to upgrade their mobile phones  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The fourth generation (4G) mobile phone will soon be launched. Marketers need to know which factors determine whether customers choose to upgrade their mobile phones, as this will affect the diffusion of third generation (3G), 4G, and Worldwide Interoperability ... Keywords: Mobile phone, Technology acceptance model (TAM), Upgrade, WiMAX

Fang-Mei Tseng; Hui-Yi Lo

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Algal Lipid Extraction and Upgrading to Hydrocarbons Technology Pathway  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This technology pathway case investigates the cultivation of algal biomass followed by further lipid extraction and upgrading to hydrocarbon biofuels. Technical barriers and key research needs have been assessed in order for the algal lipid extraction and upgrading pathway to be competitive with petroleum-derived gasoline-, diesel-, and jet-range hydrocarbon blendstocks.

Davis, R.; Biddy, M.; Jones, S.

2013-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Upgrade of the DIII-D vacuum vessel protection system  

SciTech Connect

An upgrade of the General Atomics DIII-D tokamak armor protection system has been completed. The upgrade consisted of armoring the outer wall and the divertor gas baffle with monolithic graphite tiles and cleaning the existing floor, ceiling, and inner wall tiles to remove any deposited impurity layer from the tile surfaces. The new tiles replace the graphite tiles used as local armor for neutral beam shine through, three graphite poloidal back-up limiter bands, and miscellaneous Inconel protection tiles. The total number of tiles increased from 1636 to 3200 and corresponding vessel coverage from 40% to 90%. A new, graphite armored, toroidally continuous, gas baffle between the outer wall and the biased divertor ring was installed in order to accommodate the cryocondensation pump that was installed in parallel with the outer wall tiles. To eliminate a source of copper in the plasma, GRAFOIL gaskets replaced the copper felt metal gaskets previously used as a compliant heat transfer interface between the inertially cooled tiles and the vessel wall. GRAFOIL, an exfoliated, flexible graphite material from Union Carbide, Inc., was used between each tile and the vessel wall and also between each tile and its hold-down hardware. Testing was performed to determine the mechanical compliance, thermal conductance, and vacuum characteristics of the GRAFOIL material. To further decrease the quantity of high Z materials exposed to the plasma, the 1636 existing graphite tiles were identified, removed, and grit blasted to eliminate a thin layer of deposited metals which included nickel, chromium, and molybdenum. Prior to any processing, a selected set of tiles was tested for radioactivity, including tritium contamination. The tiles were grit blasted in a negative-pressure blasting cabinet using 37 {mu}m boron carbide powder as the blast media and dry nitrogen as the propellant.

Hollerbach, M.A.; Lee, R.L.; Smith, J.P.; Taylor, P.L.

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

224

TA-55 Final Safety Analysis Report Comparison Document and DOE Safety Evaluation Report Requirements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This document provides an overview of changes to the currently approved TA-55 Final Safety Analysis Report (FSAR) that are included in the upgraded FSAR. The DOE Safety Evaluation Report (SER) requirements that are incorporated into the upgraded FSAR are briefly discussed to provide the starting point in the FSAR with respect to the SER requirements.

Alan Bond

2001-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

Unique Solar Thermal Laboratory Gets an Upgrade | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Unique Solar Thermal Laboratory Gets an Upgrade Unique Solar Thermal Laboratory Gets an Upgrade Unique Solar Thermal Laboratory Gets an Upgrade September 10, 2010 - 2:54pm Addthis This “power tower” is part of the National Solar Thermal Test Facility in Albuquerque, which is getting upgrades through Recovery Act funding. | Photo Courtesy of Sandia National Laboratories This "power tower" is part of the National Solar Thermal Test Facility in Albuquerque, which is getting upgrades through Recovery Act funding. | Photo Courtesy of Sandia National Laboratories Lorelei Laird Writer, Energy Empowers The National Solar Thermal Test Facility at Sandia National Laboratories is unique - and in demand. The Facility has been instrumental in NASA tests, national defense programs and concentrated solar technology development.

226

Energy Efficiency Upgrades Help Retired Military Officers Save Money |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Efficiency Upgrades Help Retired Military Officers Save Efficiency Upgrades Help Retired Military Officers Save Money Energy Efficiency Upgrades Help Retired Military Officers Save Money May 7, 2013 - 12:50pm Addthis A retirement community in San Antonio worked with a local Better Buildings Neighborhood Program partner, CPS Energy Saver, to make energy efficiency upgrades to 189 single-family cottages. | Photo courtesy of CPS Energy. A retirement community in San Antonio worked with a local Better Buildings Neighborhood Program partner, CPS Energy Saver, to make energy efficiency upgrades to 189 single-family cottages. | Photo courtesy of CPS Energy. Rebecca Matulka Rebecca Matulka Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs What are the key facts? A retirement community in San Antonio worked with a local Better

227

Energy Efficiency Upgrades Help Build Better Neighborhoods | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Efficiency Upgrades Help Build Better Neighborhoods Efficiency Upgrades Help Build Better Neighborhoods Energy Efficiency Upgrades Help Build Better Neighborhoods May 6, 2013 - 4:55pm Addthis In neighborhoods all across the country, the Energy Department's Better Buildings Neighborhood Program is helping families and business owners make energy efficiency upgrades that are saving them money and improving the comfort of our buildings. | Photo by Ed Hancock, NREL. In neighborhoods all across the country, the Energy Department's Better Buildings Neighborhood Program is helping families and business owners make energy efficiency upgrades that are saving them money and improving the comfort of our buildings. | Photo by Ed Hancock, NREL. Rebecca Matulka Rebecca Matulka Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs

228

The 12 GeV Energy Upgrade at Jefferson Laboratory  

SciTech Connect

Two new cryomodules and an extensive upgrade of the bending magnets at Jefferson Lab has been recently completed in preparation for the full energy upgrade in about one year. Jefferson Laboratory has undertaken a major upgrade of its flagship facility, the CW re-circulating CEBAF linac, with the goal of doubling the linac energy to 12 GeV. I will discuss here the main scope and timeline of the upgrade and report on recent accomplishments and the present status. I will then discuss in more detail the core of the upgrade, the new additional C100 cryomodules, their production, tests and recent successful performance. I will then conclude by looking at the future plans of Jefferson Laboratory, from the commissioning and operations of the 12 GeV CEBAF to the design of the MEIC electron ion collider.

Pilat, Fulvia C. [JLAB

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

EA-0907: Idaho National Engineering Laboratory Sewer System Upgrade  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7: Idaho National Engineering Laboratory Sewer System Upgrade 7: Idaho National Engineering Laboratory Sewer System Upgrade Project, Idaho Falls, Idaho EA-0907: Idaho National Engineering Laboratory Sewer System Upgrade Project, Idaho Falls, Idaho SUMMARY This EA evaluates the environmental impacts of a proposal to upgrade the Sewer System at the U.S. Department of Energy's Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) near Idaho Falls, Idaho. The proposed action would include activities conducted at the Central Facilities Area, Test Reactor Area, and the Containment Test Facility at the Test Area North at INEL. PUBLIC COMMENT OPPORTUNITIES None available at this time. DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD April 1, 1994 EA-0907: Finding of No Significant Impact Idaho National Engineering Laboratory Sewer System Upgrade Project

230

Energy Efficiency Upgrades Help Retired Military Officers Save Money |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Efficiency Upgrades Help Retired Military Officers Save Energy Efficiency Upgrades Help Retired Military Officers Save Money Energy Efficiency Upgrades Help Retired Military Officers Save Money May 7, 2013 - 12:50pm Addthis A retirement community in San Antonio worked with a local Better Buildings Neighborhood Program partner, CPS Energy Saver, to make energy efficiency upgrades to 189 single-family cottages. | Photo courtesy of CPS Energy. A retirement community in San Antonio worked with a local Better Buildings Neighborhood Program partner, CPS Energy Saver, to make energy efficiency upgrades to 189 single-family cottages. | Photo courtesy of CPS Energy. Rebecca Matulka Rebecca Matulka Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs What are the key facts? A retirement community in San Antonio worked with a local Better

231

Energy Efficiency Upgrades Help Build Better Neighborhoods | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Efficiency Upgrades Help Build Better Neighborhoods Energy Efficiency Upgrades Help Build Better Neighborhoods Energy Efficiency Upgrades Help Build Better Neighborhoods May 6, 2013 - 4:55pm Addthis In neighborhoods all across the country, the Energy Department's Better Buildings Neighborhood Program is helping families and business owners make energy efficiency upgrades that are saving them money and improving the comfort of our buildings. | Photo by Ed Hancock, NREL. In neighborhoods all across the country, the Energy Department's Better Buildings Neighborhood Program is helping families and business owners make energy efficiency upgrades that are saving them money and improving the comfort of our buildings. | Photo by Ed Hancock, NREL. Rebecca Matulka Rebecca Matulka Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs

232

Steam turbine upgrading: low-hanging fruit  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The thermodynamic performance of the steam turbine, more than any other plant component, determines overall plant efficiency. Upgrading steam path components and using computerized design tools and manufacturing techniques to minimise internal leaks are two ways to give tired steam turbines a new lease on life. The article presents three case studies that illustrate how to do that. These are at Unit 1 of Dairyland's J.P. Madgett Station in Alma, WI, a coal-fired subcritical steam plant; the four units at AmerenUE's 600 MW coal-fired Labadie plant west of St. Louis; and Unit 3 of KeyPlan Corp's Northport Power Station on Long Island. 8 figs.

Peltier, R.

2006-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

233

Economic enhancement of Western shale oil upgrading  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A proof-of-concept study for a novel shale oil refining process was undertaken. This project promises reduced upgrading costs, thereby making shale oil development more feasible for commercialization. The process consists of distillation of raw shale oil into a distillate and residue portion, cracking of the residue by hydropyrolysis, and selective hydrotreating of narrow boiling cuts from the total distillate. Based on models and experimental data, the end product slate is projected to be 34% naphtha, 57% middle distillate, and 10.3% atm residue + coke. Hydrogen addition is 1.3% or 800 scf/bbl. These results are considerably improved over conventional processing, which gives 14% naphtha, 41% middle distillate, and 48.2% residue + coke and hydrogen addition of 3.2% or 2000 scf/bbl. More quantitative data and preliminary economics will be obtained in the next phase of study. 13 refs., 3 figs., 6 tabs.

Bunger, J. W.; Ryu, H.; Jeong, S. Y.

1989-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

234

UPGRADING NATURAL GAS VIA MEMBRANE SEPARATION PROCESSES  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the present study is to assess the potential usefulness of membrane separation processes for removing CO{sub 2} and H{sub 2}S from low-quality natural gas containing substantial amounts of both these ''acid'' gases, e.g., up to 40 mole-% CO{sub 2} and 10 mole-% H{sub 2}S. The membrane processes must be capable of upgrading the crude natural gas to pipeline specifications ({le} 2 mole-% CO{sub 2}, {le} 4 ppm H{sub 2}S). Moreover, these processes must also be economically competitive with the conventional separation techniques, such as gas absorption, utilized for this purpose by the gas industry.

S.A.Stern; P.A. Rice; J. Hao

2000-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

A Neutral Beam Injector Upgrade for NSTX  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The National Spherical Torus Experiment (NSTX) capability with a Neutral Beam Injector (NBI) capable of 80 kiloelectronvolt (keV), 5 Megawatt (MW), 5 second operation. This 5.95 million dollar upgrade reused a previous generation injector and equipment for technical, cost, and schedule reasons to obtain these specifications while retaining a legacy capability of 120 keV neutral particle beam delivery for shorter pulse lengths for possible future NSTX experiments. Concerns with NBI injection included power deposition in the plasma, aiming angles from the fixed NBI fan array, density profiles and beam shine through, orbit losses of beam particles, and protection of the vacuum vessel wall against beam impingement. The upgrade made use of the beamline and cryo panels from the Neutral Beam Test Stand facility, existing power supplies and controls, beamline components and equipment not contaminated by tritium during DT [deuterium-tritium] experiments, and a liquid Helium refrigerator plant to power and cryogenically pump a beamline and three ion sources. All of the Tokamak Fusion Test Reactor (TFTR) ion sources had been contaminated with tritium, so a refurbishment effort was undertaken on selected TFTR sources to rid the three sources destined for the NSTX NBI of as much tritium as possible. An interconnecting duct was fabricated using some spare and some new components to attach the beamline to the NSTX vacuum vessel. Internal vacuum vessel armor using carbon tiles was added to protect the stainless steel vacuum vessel from beam impingement in the absence of plasma and interlock failure. To date, the NBI has operated to 80 keV and 5 MW and has injected requested power levels into NSTX plasmas with good initial results, including high beta and strong heating characteristics at full rated plasma current.

T. Stevenson; B McCormack; G.D. Loesser; M. Kalish; S. Ramakrishnan; L. Grisham; J. Edwards; M. Cropper; G. Rossi; A. von Halle; M. Williams

2002-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

236

Increased Power Flow Guidebook - Underground Cables  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Utilities must consider a number of factors when evaluating uprating and upgrading options for underground transmission cables. This comprehensive guidebook documents the state-of-science for increasing power flow capacities of underground transmission cables. It provides an overview of underground transmission cable ratings and uprating techniques so that the maximum utilization can be obtained from the existing underground transmission infrastructure.

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

EA-1951: Midway-Moxee Rebuild and Midway-Grandview Upgrade Transmissio...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1: Midway-Moxee Rebuild and Midway-Grandview Upgrade Transmission Line, Benton and Yakima Counties, Washington EA-1951: Midway-Moxee Rebuild and Midway-Grandview Upgrade...

238

U.S. And Russia Complete Nuclear Security Upgrades Under Bratislava...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

And Russia Complete Nuclear Security Upgrades Under Bratislava Initiative U.S. And Russia Complete Nuclear Security Upgrades Under Bratislava Initiative December 23, 2008 - 9:18am...

239

HIGH INTENSITY PERFORMANCE AND UPGRADES AT THE BROOKHAVEN AGS  

SciTech Connect

Fig. 1 shows the present layout of the AGS-RHIC accelerator complex. The high intensity proton beam of the AGS is used both for the slow-extracted-beam (SEB) area with many target station to produce secondary beams and the fast-extracted-beam (FEB) line used for the production of muons for the g-2 experiment and for high intensity target testing for the spallation neutron sources and muon production targets for the muon collider. The same FEB line will also be used for the transfer of beam to RHIC. The proton beam intensity in the AGS has increased steadily over the 35 year existence of the AGS, but the most dramatic increase occurred over the last couple of years with the addition of the new AGS Booster[1]. In Fig. 2 the history of the AGS intensity improvements is shown and the major upgrades are indicated. The AGS Booster has one quarter the circumference of the AGS and therefore allows four Booster beam pulses to be stacked in the AGS at an injection energy of 1.5--1.9 GeV. At this increased energy, space charge forces are much reduced and this in turn allows for the dramatic increase in the AGS beam intensity. The 200 MeV LINAC is being used both for the injection into the Booster as well as an isotope production facility. A recent upgrade of the LINAC rf system made it possible to operated at an average H{sup {minus}} current of 150 {micro}A and a maximum of 12 x 10{sup 13} H{sup {minus}} per 500 {micro}s LINAC pulse for the isotope production target. Typical beam currents during the 500 {micro}s pulse are about 80 mA at the source, 60 mA after the 750 keV RFQ, 38 mA after the first LINAC tank (10 MeV), and 37 mA at end of the LINAC at 200 MeV. The normalized beam emittance is about 2 {pi} mm mrad for 95% of the beam and the beam energy spread is about {+-}1.2 MeV. A magnetic fast chopper installed at 750 keV allows the shaping of the beam injected into the Booster to avoid excessive beam loss.

ROSER,T.

1998-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

240

D0 Silicon Upgrade: End Calorimeter Transfer Bridge Modification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During the assembly of major components into the D0 Detector, a transfer bridge was required to move the North-End Calorimeter from the clean room,over the cable bridge and onto the north sidewalk of the assembly hall. This experiment is now at the beginning stages of the next phase, namely the upgrade of this Detector for future physics research. A major piece of this upgrade is the installation of a solenoid magnet into the Central Calorimeter. In order to accomplish this, the South End Calorimeter has to be removed from the detector and the North End Calorimeter must be moved an additional 20-inch from its nominal open position (total 60-inch movement). The South End Calorimeter will be removed from the detector using the equipment designed for its installation. The calorimeter will be staged on the south sidewalk during the installation of the solenoid magnet and the central tracking systems. The North End Calorimeter is moved 60-inch to give more space between calorimeters during magnet, tracker and cable installation work. This movement will allow the calorimeter to remain coupled to the cryo system. However, this movement requires an extension be added to the center beam. This extension will support the rear wheels of the calorimeter and in the case of the end calorimeters, carry the majority of the weight. The extension is to be a modification of the transfer bridge. This modification, basically has T1 steel blocks added to one end and legs to the sidewalk supports at the other. The T1 steel blocks are notched to fit into the center beam porches and are welded to bridge rails. This design is the same as that for the installation bridge (3740.312-ME-273456), including the welds and weld procedures which are identical in both cases. Since load testing is impractical, the critical welds will be non-destructive tested by ultrasonic means. The laboratory, through the FESS Department, has a contract with M.Q.S. Inspection Inc. The results of this testing will be submitted to the panel for review before the bridge is put into use. It is noted here, that M.Q.S. did perform an ultrasonic test on the critical welds of the EC-CC installation bridge on Oct. 2, 1990. That test demonstrated the weld penetrations between the T1 and A-36 materials. Copies were given to the committee at that time. A copy of the original North End Cap Calorimeter Installation Note is attached for reference.

Stredde, H.J.; /Fermilab

1996-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "require upgrading increasing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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241

Application of risk assessment in upgrading safety and quality of radiochemical operations  

SciTech Connect

A Comprehensive Safety Assessment and Upgrade Program (CSAUP) was commenced by the Chemical Technology Division (Chem Tech) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) to achieve excellence in the safety and quality of its operations and condition of its facilities. In the course of conducting CSAUP, a number of issues of concern were identified. The safety risk of these issues has been assessed, and planned actions were prepared for those issues that require corrective actions or improvement/upgrading. The planned actions were evaluated on consideration for the uniqueness of Chem Tech facilities and operations to determine the risks (high, moderate or low) involved by failure to implement the actions. The risk was defined in terms of the frequency and severity of impact. Priority of categorized actions was based on the urgency of the actions. 2 refs., 1 fig., 3 tabs.

Lin, K.H.; Hightower, J.R.; Vaughen, V.C.A.

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

OPEN MIDPLANE DIPOLE DESIGN FOR LHC IR UPGRADE.  

SciTech Connect

The proposed luminosity upgrade of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), now under construction, will bring a large increase in the number of secondary particles from p-p collisions at the interaction point (IP). Energy deposition will be so large that the lifetime and quench performance of interaction region (IR) magnets may be significantly reduced if conventional designs are used. Moreover, the cryogenic capacity of the LHC will have to be significantly increased as the energy deposition load on the interaction region (IR) magnets by itself will exhaust the present capacity. We propose an alternate open midplane dipole design concept for the dipole-first optics that mitigates these issues. The proposed design takes advantage of the fact that most of the energy is deposited in the midplane region. The coil midplane region is kept free of superconductor, support structure and other material. Initial energy deposition calculations show that the increase in temperature remains within the quench tolerance of the superconducting coils. In addition, most of the energy is deposited in a relatively warm region where the heat removal is economical. We present the basic concept and preliminary design that includes several innovations.

GUPTA,R.; ANERELLA,M.; HARRISON,M.; SCHMALZLE,J.; MOKHOV,N.

2004-01-21T23:59:59.000Z

243

Standard Work Specifications for Single-Family Home Energy Upgrades Summary (Fact Sheet), Guidelines For Home Energy Professionals, Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Work Specifications Work Specifications for Single-Family Home Energy Upgrades Summary The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and numer- ous industry stakeholders developed the Standard Work Specifications for Single-Family Home Energy Upgrades to define the minimum requirements for high- quality residential energy upgrades. The Standard Work Specifications for Single-Family Home Energy Upgrades is the first of three documents that will be published in 2012 and 2013 as part of the Guidelines for Home Energy Professionals project. Specifications for manufactured housing and multifamily homes will also be available. DOE, NREL, and industry developed the Standard Work Specifications under the Weatherization Assistance Program, building on more than 30 years of experience

244

The upgrade project for the RF system for the Brookhaven AGS  

SciTech Connect

The AGS operates a varied program of proton, heavy ion, and polarized proton acceleration for fixed-target experiments and will soon serve as the injector of these beams into the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider, RHIC. The new Booster synchrotron extends the range of intensities and masses that can be accelerated. The 1.5 GeV injection energy increases the space charge limit by a factor of four to more than 6 {times} 10{sup 13} protons per pulse. To accommodate the increased beam current the rf system will be upgraded to provide more power and lower impedance to the beam. The flexibility of the rf system will also be enhanced by virtue of a new rf beam control system and installation of individual tuning servos for the ten rf cavities. The fundamental necessity for upgrading the rf system is to deliver more power to the accelerating beam. Three key ingredients of the upgrade project addressing this problem is (1) new power amplifiers provide the necessary power, and are closely coupled to the cavities, (2) wideband rf feedback reduces the effective impedance by a factor of 10, and (3) the capacitors loading the acceleration gaps (four per cavity) are increased from 275 pF to 600 pF.

Brennan, J.M.; Ciardullo, D.J.; Hayes, T.; Meth, M.; McNerney, A.J.; Otis, A.; Pirkl, W.; Sanders, R.; Spitz, R.; Toldo, F.; Zaltsman, A.

1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

245

The Jefferson Lab 12 GeV Upgrade  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A major upgrade of the Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility is in progress. Construction began in 2008 and the project should be completed in 2015. The upgrade includes doubling the energy of the electron beam to 12 GeV, the addition of a new fourth experimental hall, and new experimental equipment in three of the experimental halls. A brief overview of this upgrade project is presented along with some highlights of the anticipated experimental program.

R.D. McKeown

2011-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

246

OPERATIONAL EXPERIENCE OF THE UPGRADED CRYOGENIC SYSTEMS AT THE NSCL  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory (NSCL) is a NSF-supported facility, with additional support from Michigan State University (MSU) for conducting research in nuclear and accelerator science. The facility consists of two superconducting cyclotrons and over fifty individual cryostats, each containing several superconducting magnets that are used in the beam transport system. Beginning in 1999 a major facility upgrade was started. New, larger magnets were added, increasing the total 4.5 K loads, necessitating an increase of the cryogenic capacity. A helium plant (nominal 1750-Watt at 4.5 K) was acquired from the United States Bureau of Mines where it had been operating as a pure liquefier since the early 1980's. It was refurbished for the NSCL with extensive support from the cryogenics group at Thomas Jefferson National Laboratory. The new cryogenic system came online early in 2001. The cold-mass is relatively high in relation to the installed capacity, presenting challenges during cool downs. Reliability over the last five years has been greater than 99%. An overview of the last seven years of operations of our cryogenic systems is presented that includes normal operations, testing of new equipment, noteworthy breakdowns, routine maintenance, and system reliability.

McCartney, A. H.; Laumer, H. L.; Jones, S. A. [National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, 48824 (United States)

2010-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

247

Screening of processing and upgrading schemes. Task 3  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The RFP was predicated on DOE`s desire to enhance the development of advanced transportation fuels made from coal via a program to process mild coal gasification (MCG) liquids into high volumetric energy density (HEDF) test fuels. The desired product fuels were to be cost effectively manufactured, have high volumetric energy density, and be hydrocarbon-based for existing and prototype turbine and diesel engines. The sources for these special fuels consist of the abundant and secure indigenous energy resources of coal. Comparison studies were also to be made using other non-petroleum fossil fuels such as shale oil and tar sands bitumen. METC has concluded that MCG technology has the potential to simultaneously satisfy the transportation and power generation fuel needs in the most cost-effective manner. MCG is based on low temperature pyrolysis, a technique known to the coal community for over a century. Most past pyrolysis developments were aimed at maximizing the liquids yield which results in a low quality tarry product requiring significant and capital intensive upgrading. By properly tailoring the pyrolysis severity to control the liquid yield-liquid quality relationship, it has been found that a higher quality distillate-boiling liquid can be readily ``skimmed`` from the coal. The resultant liquids have a much higher H/C ratio than conventional pyrolytic tars and therefore can be hydroprocessed at lower cost. These liquids are also extremely enriched in 1-, 2-, and 3-ring aromatics.

Not Available

1991-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

248

Syngas Upgrading to Hydrocarbon Fuels Technology Pathway  

SciTech Connect

In support of the Bioenergy Technologies Office, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) are undertaking studies of biomass conversion technologies to hydrocarbon fuels to identify barriers and target research toward reducing conversion costs. Process designs and preliminary economic estimates for each of these pathway cases were developed using rigorous modeling tools (Aspen Plus and Chemcad). These analyses incorporated the best information available at the time of development, including data from recent pilot and bench-scale demonstrations, collaborative industrial and academic partners, and published literature and patents. This pathway case investigates the upgrading of biomass derived synthesis gas (‘syngas’) to hydrocarbon biofuels. While this specific discussion focuses on the conversion of syngas via a methanol intermediate to hydrocarbon blendstocks, there are a number of alternative conversion routes for production of hydrocarbons through a wide array of intermediates from syngas. Future work will also consider the variations to this pathway to determine the most economically viable and risk adverse conversion route. Technical barriers and key research needs have been identified that should be pursued for the syngas to hydrocarbon pathway to be competitive with petroleum-derived gasoline, diesel and jet range blendstocks.

Talmadge, M.; Biddy, Mary J.; Dutta, Abhijit; Jones, Susanne B.; Meyer, Pimphan A.

2013-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

249

Upgrade and validation on plasma of the Tore Supra CW LHCD generator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A one year-long major upgrade of the 3.7 GHz Lower Hybrid Current Drive (LHCD) generator for the Tore Supra (TS) tokamak has been performed. It consisted in installing a first series of eight Thales Electron Devices (TED) 700 kW CW klystrons, new CW components and auxiliaries, and in modifying the transmitter control and protection software. Modifications and calibration of the sensors and the RF subsystems were completed as well. Finally, the RF power available in the generator has been increased by 35% and the pulse duration could reach 1000 s. A complete validation and optimization of the klystrons have been performed in 2010 on matched load before the generator could enter into operation. The eight klystrons connected with the Full Active Multijunction (FAM) antenna delivered 3.5 MW/50s in December 2010. The upgrade of the generator and the steps to validate the modifications are described.

Delpech, L.; Achard, J.; Armitano, A.; Berger-By, G.; Bertrand, E.; Bouquey, F.; Chaix, J. P.; Corbel, E.; Crest, I.; Ekedahl, A.; Faisse, F.; Fejoz, P.; Garibaldi, P.; Goletto, C.; Lebourg, P.; Leroux, F.; Lombard, G.; Magne, R.; Martinez, A.; Moreau, M. [CEA, IRFM, F-13108 Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (France)

2011-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

250

Find Financing for Energy Efficiency Upgrades | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Find Financing for Energy Efficiency Upgrades Find Financing for Energy Efficiency Upgrades Find Financing for Energy Efficiency Upgrades Photo of a block in lower downtown Denver that is part of Living City Block, a DOE Commercial Building Partnerships participant. Financing need not be a barrier to improving energy efficiency in your commercial building. There are federal, state, and local and tax incentives for energy efficiency upgrades, and other financial opportunities to help you meet your energy goals. The U.S. Department of Energy's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, for example, offers financial assistance opportunities to business, industry, universities, and others for the development and demonstration of energy efficiency strategies and technologies. Other methods of financing energy efficiency improvements

251

Federal Finance Facilities Available for Energy Efficiency Upgrades and  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Federal Finance Facilities Available for Energy Efficiency Upgrades Federal Finance Facilities Available for Energy Efficiency Upgrades and Clean Energy Deployment Federal Finance Facilities Available for Energy Efficiency Upgrades and Clean Energy Deployment "Federal Finance Facilities Available for Energy Efficiency Upgrades and Clean Energy Deployment" is a resource guide that lists the various federal financing programs for which energy efficiency and clean energy qualify - meant to make it easier for state, local and tribal leaders, along with their partners in the private sector, to find capital for energy efficiency and clean energy projects. This first-edition guide is a product of a cooperative effort among seven federal agencies, including the U.S. Departments of Agriculture, Energy, Housing and Urban Development, Transportation and Treasury, along with the

252

Federal Finance Facilities Available for Energy Efficiency Upgrades and  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Federal Finance Facilities Available for Energy Efficiency Upgrades Federal Finance Facilities Available for Energy Efficiency Upgrades and Clean Energy Deployment Federal Finance Facilities Available for Energy Efficiency Upgrades and Clean Energy Deployment "Federal Finance Facilities Available for Energy Efficiency Upgrades and Clean Energy Deployment" is a resource guide that lists the various federal financing programs for which energy efficiency and clean energy qualify - meant to make it easier for state, local and tribal leaders, along with their partners in the private sector, to find capital for energy efficiency and clean energy projects. This first-edition guide is a product of a cooperative effort among seven federal agencies, including the U.S. Departments of Agriculture, Energy, Housing and Urban Development, Transportation and Treasury, along with the

253

Case Study - Energy Efficiency Upgrades for Fermilab Infrastructure |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Case Study - Energy Efficiency Upgrades for Fermilab Case Study - Energy Efficiency Upgrades for Fermilab Infrastructure Case Study - Energy Efficiency Upgrades for Fermilab Infrastructure October 7, 2013 - 3:29pm Addthis Utility energy service contracting provides needed plant improvements. Photo of Project Coordinator Steve Krstulovich with Fermilab's new 1400-ton, high-efficiency chiller. Project Coordinator Steve Krstulovich with Fermilab's new 1400-ton, high-efficiency chiller. Overview The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE's) Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab) has replaced old equipment and reduced energy consumption through a partnership with its electric utility, Commonwealth Edison. Fermilab upgraded the centralized cooling system and separated the system into two segments - a "comfort system" to cool the employee office

254

Energy Efficiency Upgrades Part of Winning Formula for Oregon School  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Upgrades Part of Winning Formula for Oregon Upgrades Part of Winning Formula for Oregon School District Energy Efficiency Upgrades Part of Winning Formula for Oregon School District August 27, 2012 - 9:45am Addthis The community of Vernonia, OR, celebrates the opening of a new energy efficient school. | Photo courtesy of April Baer, OPB. The community of Vernonia, OR, celebrates the opening of a new energy efficient school. | Photo courtesy of April Baer, OPB. Todd G. Allen Project Officer, Golden Field Office What are the key facts? Energy efficiency upgrades will reduce the Vernonia school district's energy usage by 43 percent and save taxpayers more than $62,000 a year. The school will also serve as a laboratory for forest technologies

255

EA-1937: Pacific Direct Intertie Upgrade Project, Lake, Jefferson, Crook,  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

37: Pacific Direct Intertie Upgrade Project, Lake, Jefferson, 37: Pacific Direct Intertie Upgrade Project, Lake, Jefferson, Crook, Deschutes, and Wasco Co, OR EA-1937: Pacific Direct Intertie Upgrade Project, Lake, Jefferson, Crook, Deschutes, and Wasco Co, OR SUMMARY This project would replace aging equipment at BPA's Celilo converter station and to upgrade equipment on the Celilo-Sylmar 500-kilovolt (kV) transmission line from the Celilo converter station in The Dalles, Oregon to the Nevada-Oregon border. As part of the project, BPA would remove and salvage the converter terminals 1 and 2 at its Celilo converter station and install a new two-converter terminal. A 20-acre expansion of the existing substation would accommodate the new terminal equipment. About 265 miles of transmission towers on the Celilo-Sylmar 500-kV transmission line would be

256

NERSC's Franklin Supercomputer Upgraded to Double Its Scientific Capability  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

NERSC's Franklin NERSC's Franklin Supercomputer Upgraded to Double Its Scientific Capability NERSC's Franklin Supercomputer Upgraded to Double Its Scientific Capability July 20, 2009 OCEAN EDDIES: This image comes from a computer simulation modeling eddies in the ocean. An interesting feature is the abundance of eddies away from the equator, which is shown in the center of the image at y=0. This research collaboration led by Paola Cessi of the Scripps Institute of Oceanography performed over 15,000 years worth of deep ocean circulation simulations with 1.6 million processor core hours on the upgraded Franklin system. The Department of Energy's (DOE) National Energy Research Scientific Computing (NERSC) Center has officially accepted a series of upgrades to its Cray XT4 supercomputer, providing the facility's 3,000 users with twice

257

Builder Brings Tradition to Efficient Home Upgrades | Department...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

home. However, Artistic Homes calculates that the 49,550 price tag to upgrade a 2,157-square-foot home shrinks to about 811 after applying incentives and tax credits. And because...

258

Retrofit Upgrade of Center Break Cell Technology to Point Feeding ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... been a few attempts worldwide to upgrade these cells so as to implement the newer ... The results show that this project has decreased the energy consumption and ... Production Application Study on Magneto-Hydro-Dynamic Stability of a ...

259

Office of Science Approves Critical Decision 1 for APS Upgrade...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2005 2004 | 2003 | 2002 | 2001 2000 Subscribe to APS News rss feed Office of Science Approves Critical Decision 1 for APS Upgrade Project SEPTEMBER 15, 2011...

260

Energy Star Building Upgrade Manual Lighting Chapter 6  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

O&M Manual 34 Dispose of Lamps Properly 35 6.9 Summary 36 Bibliography 36 Glossary G-1 ENERGY STAR Building Manual 2 6. Lighting 6.1 Overview A lighting upgrade is the second...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "require upgrading increasing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Request for Proposals for New or Upgraded Transmission Line Projects...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Request for Proposals for New or Upgraded Transmission Line Projects Under Section 1222 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005: Federal Register Notice Volume 75, No. 111 - Jun 10, 2012...

262

San Antonio Small Businesses "Seeing the Light" with Energy Upgrades...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

with Energy Upgrades March 21, 2012 - 2:27pm Addthis KBK to the Trade 1 of 5 KBK to the Trade Thanks to the City Lights program, this design shop is saving an estimated 25,500...

263

SRS upgrades helium recovery system | National Nuclear Security  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

upgrades helium recovery system | National Nuclear Security upgrades helium recovery system | National Nuclear Security Administration Our Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Continuing Management Reform Countering Nuclear Terrorism About Us Our Programs Our History Who We Are Our Leadership Our Locations Budget Our Operations Media Room Congressional Testimony Fact Sheets Newsletters Press Releases Speeches Events Social Media Video Gallery Photo Gallery NNSA Archive Federal Employment Apply for Our Jobs Our Jobs Working at NNSA Blog Home > NNSA Blog > SRS upgrades helium recovery system SRS upgrades helium recovery system Posted By Office of Public Affairs Savannah River Site (SRS) Tritium Programs recently completed a project to design, build and relocate a new system for separating and capturing

264

Human-machine interface (HMI) report for 241-SY-101 data acquisition [and control] system (DACS) upgrade study  

SciTech Connect

This report provides an independent evaluation of information for a Windows based Human Machine Interface (HMI) to replace the existing DOS based Iconics HMI currently used in the Data Acquisition and Control System (DACS) used at Tank 241-SY-101. A fundamental reason for this evaluation is because of the difficulty of maintaining the system with obsolete, unsupported software. The DACS uses a software operator interface (Genesis for DOS HMI) that is no longer supported by its manufacturer, Iconics. In addition to its obsolescence, it is complex and difficult to train additional personnel on. The FY 1997 budget allocated $40K for phase 1 of a software/hardware upgrade that would have allowed the old DOS based system to be replaced by a current Windows based system. Unfortunately, budget constraints during FY 1997 has prompted deferral of the upgrade. The upgrade needs to be performed at the earliest possible time, before other failures render the system useless. Once completed, the upgrade could alleviate other concerns: spare pump software may be able to be incorporated into the same software as the existing pump, thereby eliminating the parallel path dilemma; and the newer, less complex software should expedite training of future personnel, and in the process, require that less technical time be required to maintain the system.

Truitt, R.W.

1997-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

265

UPGRADING THE CEBAF INJECTOR WITH A NEW BOOSTER, HIGHER VOLTAGE GUN, AND HIGHER FINAL ENERGY  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) accelerator at Jefferson Lab will be upgraded from 6 GeV to 12 GeV in the next few years. To meet the requirement of the new machine and to take the opportunity to improve the beam quality, the CEBAF injector will be upgraded with a higher voltage gun, a new booster, and a new accelerating RF module. The CEBAF injector creates and accelerates three beams at different currents simultaneously. The beams are interleaved, each at one third of the RF frequency, traveling through the same beam line. The higher voltage gun will lower the space charge effects. The new booster with optimized beam dynamics will complete the bunching process and provide initial acceleration matched to the new gun voltage. Using our latest SRF design, the new booster has significantly lower x/y coupling effects that should improve our beam setup and operation for the highly sensitive parity experiments scheduled for the CEBAF's future. Finally, the new accelerating RF module will roughly double the injector final energy to match the rest of the 12 GeV accelerator. In this paper we will provide more detail about this upgrade.

Reza Kazimi, Arne Freyberger, Alicia Hofler, Andrew Hutton, Fay Hannon

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Commissioning results from the recently upgraded RHIC LLRF system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During RHIC Run 10, the first phase of the LLRF Upgrade was successfully completed. This involved replacing the aging VME based system with a modern digital system based on the recently developed RHIC LLRF Upgrade Platform, and commissioning the system as part of the normal RHIC start up process. At the start of Run 11, the second phase of the upgrade is underway, involving a significant expansion of both hardware and functionality. This paper will review the commissioning effort and provide examples of improvements in system performance, flexibility and scalability afforded by the new platform. The RHIC LLRF upgrade is based on the recently developed RHIC LLRF Upgrade Platform. The major design goals of the platform are: (1) Design a stand alone, generic, digital, modular control architecture which can be configured to satisfy all of the application demands we currently have, and which will be supportable and upgradeable into the foreseeable future; and (2) It should integrate seamlessly into existing controls infrastructure, be easy to deploy, provide access to all relevant control parameters (eliminate knobs), provide vastly improved diagnostic data capabilities, and permit remote reconfiguration. Although the system is still in its infancy, we think the initial commissioning results from RHIC indicate that these goals have been achieved, and that we've only begun to realize the benefits the platform provides.

Smith, K.S.; Harvey, M.; Hayes, T.; Narayan, G.; Severino, F.; Yuan, S.; Zaltsman, A.

2011-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

267

Biofuels from Corn Stover: Pyrolytic Production and Catalytic Upgrading Studies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Due to security issues in energy supply and environmental concerns, renewable energy production from biomass becomes an increasingly important area of study. Thus, thermal conversion of biomass via pyrolysis and subsequent upgrading procedures were explored, in an attempt to convert an abundant agricultural residue, corn stover, into potential bio-fuels. Pyrolysis of corn stover was carried out at 400, 500 and 600oC and at moderate pressure. Maximum bio-char yield of 37.3 wt.% and liquid product yield of 31.4 wt.% were obtained at 400oC while the gas yield was maximum at 600oC (21.2 wt.%). Bio-char characteristics (energy content, proximate and ultimate analyses) indicated its potential as alternative solid fuel. The bio-oil mainly consisted of phenolic compounds, with significant proportions of aromatic and aliphatic compounds. The gas product has energy content ranging from 10.1 to 21.7 MJ m-3, attributed to significant quantities of methane, hydrogen and carbon dioxide. Mass and energy conversion efficiencies indicated that majority of the mass and energy contained in the feedstock was transferred to the bio-char. Fractional distillation of the bio-oil at atmospheric and reduced pressure yielded approximately 40-45 wt.% heavy distillate (180-250oC) with significantly reduced moisture and total acid number (TAN) and greater energy content. Aromatic compounds and oxygenated compounds were distributed in the light and middle fractions while phenolic compounds were concentrated in the heavy fraction. Finally, hydrotreatment of the bio-oil and the heavy distillate using noble metal catalysts such as ruthenium and palladium on carbon support at 100 bar pressure, 4 hours reaction time and 200o or 300oC showed that ruthenium performed better at the higher temperature (300oC) and was more effective than palladium, giving about 25-26% deoxygenation. The hydrotreated product from the heavy distillate with ruthenium as catalyst at 300oC had the lowest oxygen content and exhibited better product properties (lower moisture, TAN, and highest heating value), and can be a potential feedstock for co-processing with crude oils in existing refineries. Major reactions involved were conversion of phenolics to aromatics and hydrogenation of ketones to alcohols. Results showed that pyrolysis of corn stover and product upgrading produced potentially valuable sources of fuel and chemical feedstock.

Capunitan, Jewel Alviar

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

Upgrading the performance of groudwater VOC air strippers  

SciTech Connect

Rocketdynes Santa Susana Field Laboratory has been treating groundwater to remove chlorinated solvents since 1987. Six air stripping treatment installations, using vapor-phase carbon to control air emissions, have consistently met effluent quality standards over nine years of operation. In 1995, Rocketdyne embarked on an inspection and maintenance program to thoroughly check tower equipment and packing condition and to improve treatment efficiency using new packing technology now available. Baseline removal efficiency measurements were made on one large-capacity air stripper, which was then shut down for inspection. The original random packing was found to be fouled, and had settled too far below the level of the spray nozzle. The packing was removed, and replaced with a newer, high-efficiency packing. As a result, single-stage removal efficiency for trichloroethylene increased from 98.5% to > 99.60%. Aside from demonstrating the improvement attainable by upgrading the packing media, Rocketdyne`s maintenance program also highlighted the critical importance of proper liquid distribution. At one point, the refurbished air stripper was overpacked, resulting in concentration of the water spray near the center of the packed section. The liquid distribution was found to remain grossly nonuniform even after the water had trickled down over 8.2 meters of packing in a 91-cm diameter column. 4 refs., 1 fig., 5 tabs.

Nelson, A.D. [Rockwell International Corp., Canoga Park, CA (United States); Schmitt, R.J. [EnviroSolve Corp., Agoura Hills, CA (United States); Dickeson, D. [Lantec Products, Inc., Agoura Hills, CA (United States)

1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

269

RF System Upgrades to the Advanced Photon Source Linear Accelerator in Support of the Fel Operation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The S-band linear accelerator, which was built to be the source of particles and the front end of the Advanced Photon Source injector, is now also being used to support a low-energy undulator test line (LEUTL) and to drive a free-electron laser (FEL). The more severe rf stability requirements of the FEL have resulted in an effort to identify sources of phase and amplitude instability and implement corresponding upgrades to the rf generation chain and the measurement system. Test data and improvements implemented and planned are described

Smith, T L; Grelick, A E; Pile, G; Nassiri, A; Arnold, N

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Upgrading drained coal mine methane to pipeline quality: a report on the commercial status of system suppliers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In today's scenario of growing energy demand worldwide and rising natural gas prices, any methane emitted into the atmosphere is an untapped resource of energy and potentially a lost opportunity for additional revenue. In 2005, 9.7% of the total US anthropogenic emissions of methane were attributed to coal production. In recent years, many gassy coal mines have seized the opportunity to recover coal mine methane (CMM) and supply it to natural gas pipeline systems. With natural gas prices in the US exceeding $7.00 per million Btu, CMM pipeline sales brought in an annual revenue topping $97 million in 2005. However, significant opportunity still exists for tapping into this resource as 22% of the drained CMM remains unutilized as of 2005, primarily because its quality does not meet the requirements of natural gas pipeline systems. Recent advances in technologies now offer off-the-shelf options in the US that can upgrade the drained CMM to pipeline quality. These gas upgrading technologies are not only opening up the market to lower-quality methane resources but also providing significant means for reducing emissions, since methane is over 20 times a more potent greenhouse gas than carbon dioxide. This report reviews current gas upgrading technologies available in the market for removal of typical CMM contaminants, provides examples of their successful commercial implementation and compiles a list of vendors specific to nitrogen rejection systems, since nitrogen exposes the biggest challenge to upgrading CMM. 2 figs., 3 tabs., 9 apps.

Carothers, F.P.; Schultz, M.L.

2008-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

271

HIGH POWER TEST OF RF SEPARATOR FOR 12 GEV UPGRADE OF CEBAF AT JLAB  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

CEBAF at JLab is in the process of an energy upgrade from 6 GeV to 12 GeV. The existing setup of the RF separator cavities in the 5th pass will not be adequate to extract the highest energy (11 GeV) beam to any two existing halls (A, B or C) while simultaneously delivering to the new hall D in the case of the proposed 12 GeV upgrade of the machine. To restore this capability, we are exploring the possibility of extension of existing normal conducting 499 MHz TEM-type rf separator cavities. Detailed numerical studies suggest that six 2-cell normal conducting structures meet the requirements; each 2-cell structure will require up to 4 kW RF input power in contrast with the current nominal operating power of 1.0 to 2.0 kW. A high power test of 4 kW confirms that the cavity meet the requirement.

S. Ahmed, M. Wissmann, J. Mammosser, C. Hovater, M. Spata, G. Krafft, J. Delayen

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Evaluation of candidate photomultiplier tubes for the upgrade of the CDF end plug calorimeter  

SciTech Connect

The Collider Detector at Fermilab is upgrading its end plug calorimeter from a gas detector system to one using scintillating tiles and wavelength shifting fibers. This tile-fiber calorimeter will be read out through 1,824 photomultiplier tubes. The performance requirements of the calorimeter require that the PMTs have good response to light in the 500 nm region, provide adequate amplification for signals from minimum ionizing particles yet provide linear response for peak anode currents up to 25 mA at a gain of 50,000, and fit into the restricted space at the rear of the plugs. This paper will describe the evaluation process used to determine the adequacy of the commercially available PMTs which appeared to meet these performance requirements.

Koska, W.; Delchamps, S.W.; Freeman, J.; Kinney, W.; Lewis, D.; Limon, P.; Strait, J. [Fermi National Accelerator Lab., Batavia, IL (United States); Fiori, I. [Univ. of Bologna (Italy); Gallinaro, M. [Univ. of Padova (Italy); Shen, Q. [Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, IN (United States)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Idaho Power - Easy Upgrades for Simple Retrofits Rebate Program |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Idaho Power - Easy Upgrades for Simple Retrofits Rebate Program Idaho Power - Easy Upgrades for Simple Retrofits Rebate Program Idaho Power - Easy Upgrades for Simple Retrofits Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Heating & Cooling Commercial Heating & Cooling Cooling Appliances & Electronics Construction Design & Remodeling Manufacturing Sealing Your Home Windows, Doors, & Skylights Ventilation Heat Pumps Commercial Lighting Lighting Insulation Maximum Rebate Up to 100,000 per site per year. Program Info Funding Source Conservation Program Funding Charge State Oregon Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount A/C or Heat Pumps: $25-$100/ton Economizer Control Addition: $75/ton Air-Side Economizer Repair: $250 Evaporative Coolers: $100-$300/ton

274

Forsyth County Slashes Energy Bills with Upgrades | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Forsyth County Slashes Energy Bills with Upgrades Forsyth County Slashes Energy Bills with Upgrades Forsyth County Slashes Energy Bills with Upgrades September 30, 2010 - 12:04pm Addthis A new energy management system in Forsyth County’s 52,057 square foot courthouse is expected to save about $9,000 annually. | Photo courtesy of Forsyth County A new energy management system in Forsyth County's 52,057 square foot courthouse is expected to save about $9,000 annually. | Photo courtesy of Forsyth County Maya Payne Smart Former Writer for Energy Empowers, EERE What are the key facts? Four large projects funded through Recovery Act grant Energy efficient retrofits to save county about $72,000 annually Forsyth County, Georgia has been among the nation's fastest growing counties for the past ten years. Given the growth, officials are working

275

County Partners with Siemens on Energy Upgrades | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Partners with Siemens on Energy Upgrades Partners with Siemens on Energy Upgrades County Partners with Siemens on Energy Upgrades July 9, 2010 - 11:11am Addthis What does this project do? Allows McHenry County to install cutting edge technology to reduce our energy costs. When you're really committed to energy efficiency and looking at $118,000 in potential energy savings annually, you want to share it. That's the view in McHenry County, Ill., which partnered with Siemens Building Technologies to launch mchenrycounty-eecbg.net to let residents understand the connection between recent energy efficiency projects and C02 emissions. The county, located outside the Chicago metropolitan area, was awarded $2,475,900 in Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant (EECBG) funds through the Recovery Act in November. Through the Recovery Act-funded

276

Tax Incentives for Energy Efficiency Upgrades in Commercial Buildings |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Efficiency Upgrades in Commercial Energy Efficiency Upgrades in Commercial Buildings Tax Incentives for Energy Efficiency Upgrades in Commercial Buildings On this page you'll find information about the tax deductions available for improving the energy efficiency of commercial buildings, as well as links to qualified software available for calculating these savings. The Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPACT) offered businesses tax deductions for the costs of improving the energy efficiency of commercial buildings. The Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008 extended provisions in EPACT. The following tax incentives are available under this act. Deduction of the Cost of Energy-Efficient Property Installed in Commercial Buildings Make quick calculations of the estimated energy cost savings from

277

Non-Profit Brighter After Upgrade | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Non-Profit Brighter After Upgrade Non-Profit Brighter After Upgrade Non-Profit Brighter After Upgrade September 21, 2010 - 11:09am Addthis Loretta Prencipe Senior Communications Analyst, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy In the Spring of 2010, the Arizona State Energy Program awarded Recovery Act funds to 14 non-profit organizations throughout the state for energy projects. One of the recipients, St. Vincent de Paul, is a human services organization that assists people in need throughout Central and Northern Arizona. The nonprofit partnered with Glendale, Arizona-based Natural Lighting Company to install skylights at the facility. In the above video, find out how this project is helping both the nonprofit and the local company. The video was created by Jim Arwood, an independent producer and former

278

Cool Roofs: An Easy Upgrade | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cool Roofs: An Easy Upgrade Cool Roofs: An Easy Upgrade Cool Roofs: An Easy Upgrade December 14, 2010 - 9:25am Addthis Cathy Zoi Former Assistant Secretary, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy What does this mean for me? Dark roofs can be 50 degrees hotter than light roofs. Combined with dark roads and parking lots, dark roofs lead to the 'urban heat island' effect: cities tend to be 2-5 degrees hotter. A cooler roof means energy bills that are up to 10-15% lower because your air conditioner doesn't have to work as hard. Check out Google Earth - the 'view from above' of your favorite American city. And look at the roofs of the office buildings, warehouses, shopping centers, and even the homes. Most of them are probably pretty dark in color - and this means they heat up a lot when the weather is warm -

279

When Energy Efficiency Upgrades and Ghost Stories Meet | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

When Energy Efficiency Upgrades and Ghost Stories Meet When Energy Efficiency Upgrades and Ghost Stories Meet When Energy Efficiency Upgrades and Ghost Stories Meet October 31, 2011 - 5:21pm Addthis Homewood Public Library at Night | Photo Courtesy of Homewood Public Library Homewood Public Library at Night | Photo Courtesy of Homewood Public Library Tertia Speiser Project Officer, Golden Field Office What are the key facts? New heating and cooling equipment has saved the Homewood Public Library thousands of dollars a year. It hasn't done anything about the ghosts, though. I've always thought that the best ghost stories are found in books. But what happens when the building where the books are kept is also a ghost story? Such may be the case with the award-winning public library in Homewood, Alabama, a city of 23,000 just south of Birmingham.

280

Disneyland's Dry Cleaning Gets an Energy Efficient Upgrade | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Disneyland's Dry Cleaning Gets an Energy Efficient Upgrade Disneyland's Dry Cleaning Gets an Energy Efficient Upgrade Disneyland's Dry Cleaning Gets an Energy Efficient Upgrade March 16, 2011 - 2:58pm Addthis April Saylor April Saylor Former Digital Outreach Strategist, Office of Public Affairs What does this project do? In three hours, enough energy is recovered from the TMC to heat 15 loads of water for L&N's largest-capacity washing machine, and enough water is recovered to fill 1-1/2 loads of that same machine. As the provider of laundry and dry cleaning services for Disneyland Resort's costumes and hospitality supply items, L&N Costume and Linen Service knows a little something about both quantity and quality. Now, with the help of the Gas Technology Institute (GTI) and the Department of Energy, this forward-looking enterprise is embracing new, clean energy

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281

County Partners with Siemens on Energy Upgrades | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

County Partners with Siemens on Energy Upgrades County Partners with Siemens on Energy Upgrades County Partners with Siemens on Energy Upgrades July 9, 2010 - 11:11am Addthis What does this project do? Allows McHenry County to install cutting edge technology to reduce our energy costs. When you're really committed to energy efficiency and looking at $118,000 in potential energy savings annually, you want to share it. That's the view in McHenry County, Ill., which partnered with Siemens Building Technologies to launch mchenrycounty-eecbg.net to let residents understand the connection between recent energy efficiency projects and C02 emissions. The county, located outside the Chicago metropolitan area, was awarded $2,475,900 in Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant (EECBG) funds through the Recovery Act in November. Through the Recovery Act-funded

282

Secretary of Energy Announces Approval and Funding for Facilities Upgrade  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Announces Approval and Funding for Facilities Announces Approval and Funding for Facilities Upgrade at the Thomas Jefferson National Lab and Highlights Lab's Successful Education Programs Secretary of Energy Announces Approval and Funding for Facilities Upgrade at the Thomas Jefferson National Lab and Highlights Lab's Successful Education Programs February 22, 2006 - 12:09pm Addthis NEWPORT NEWS , VA - Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman today announced that President Bush's Fiscal Year 2007 budget request includes $7 million for the upgrade of the Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) at Department of Energy's (DOE) Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility. The secretary also visited with students and teachers from the Newport News area who participate in the lab's highly successful Becoming Enthusiastic about Math and Science (BEAMS) educational

283

Builder Brings Tradition to Efficient Home Upgrades | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Builder Brings Tradition to Efficient Home Upgrades Builder Brings Tradition to Efficient Home Upgrades Builder Brings Tradition to Efficient Home Upgrades October 15, 2009 - 5:51pm Addthis Joshua DeLung When Tom Wade's grandfather started building single-family homes, he may not have imagined how far his grandson would take the practice. Tom's father followed in the family footsteps and founded Artistic Homes in Albuquerque, N.M., in the mid-1980s. Now, Tom has led the company from simply building quality, affordable homes to innovating ones that are highly energy-efficient. "My grandfather would absolutely love what we're doing today because he had an incredible passion for - and an interest in - craftsmanship and improving the product, which in this case is the home," Tom says. "The fact that we're using science and technology is something he would

284

Energy Upgrade Program Revitalizing Oregon | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Upgrade Program Revitalizing Oregon Energy Upgrade Program Revitalizing Oregon Energy Upgrade Program Revitalizing Oregon May 28, 2010 - 2:38pm Addthis Joshua DeLung What does this project do? Local businesses in 13 communities are getting energy makeovers in an effort to help business owners save hundreds of dollars each year and revitalize downtown areas. 'Main streets' in Clackamas County, Oregon, are undergoing a makeover - an energy-efficiency makeover. As part of the Clackamas County Energy Efficiency on Main Street Program, local businesses in 13 communities are getting energy makeovers in an effort to help business owners save hundreds of dollars each year and revitalize downtown areas. First to save The program needed a guinea pig to be the first to receive a free energy audit and found a willing participant in Key Carpets, a Molalla-based store

285

Forsyth County Slashes Energy Bills with Upgrades | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Forsyth County Slashes Energy Bills with Upgrades Forsyth County Slashes Energy Bills with Upgrades Forsyth County Slashes Energy Bills with Upgrades September 30, 2010 - 12:04pm Addthis A new energy management system in Forsyth County’s 52,057 square foot courthouse is expected to save about $9,000 annually. | Photo courtesy of Forsyth County A new energy management system in Forsyth County's 52,057 square foot courthouse is expected to save about $9,000 annually. | Photo courtesy of Forsyth County Maya Payne Smart Former Writer for Energy Empowers, EERE What are the key facts? Four large projects funded through Recovery Act grant Energy efficient retrofits to save county about $72,000 annually Forsyth County, Georgia has been among the nation's fastest growing counties for the past ten years. Given the growth, officials are working

286

Microsoft Word - CX_MerrittRadioStationUpgrade_2013.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

8, 2013 8, 2013 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEC-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Ben Deschuytter Project Manager - TEP-CSB-1 Proposed Action: Merritt Radio Station Upgrade Categorical Exclusions Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.19 Microwave, meteorological, and radio towers Location: Winton, Chelan County, WA Township 26N, Range 16E, and Section 2 Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: BPA plans to upgrade its Merritt Radio Station in the Wenatchee River Ranger District of the Okanogan-Wenatchee National Forest (USFS). The proposed radio station upgrade would replace the existing communication building, electrical service, and propane tank with a new building and propane tank in adjacent locations on the

287

Living Comfortably: A Consumer's Guide to Home Energy Upgrades |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Living Comfortably: A Consumer's Guide to Home Energy Upgrades Living Comfortably: A Consumer's Guide to Home Energy Upgrades Living Comfortably: A Consumer's Guide to Home Energy Upgrades March 7, 2013 - 3:15pm Addthis A weatherization worker drills holes to blow cellulose insulation in the interior walls of this home. | Photo courtesy of Dennis Schroeder, NREL A weatherization worker drills holes to blow cellulose insulation in the interior walls of this home. | Photo courtesy of Dennis Schroeder, NREL Dr. Richard Knaub Project Leader in Weatherization & Workforce Development at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory Energy audit tools An infrared camera can display temperature differences between surfaces and help determine if a wall is insulated. It can show drafts and moisture, which can lead to mold problems.

288

When Energy Efficiency Upgrades and Ghost Stories Meet | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

When Energy Efficiency Upgrades and Ghost Stories Meet When Energy Efficiency Upgrades and Ghost Stories Meet When Energy Efficiency Upgrades and Ghost Stories Meet October 31, 2011 - 5:21pm Addthis Homewood Public Library at Night | Photo Courtesy of Homewood Public Library Homewood Public Library at Night | Photo Courtesy of Homewood Public Library Tertia Speiser Project Officer, Golden Field Office What are the key facts? New heating and cooling equipment has saved the Homewood Public Library thousands of dollars a year. It hasn't done anything about the ghosts, though. I've always thought that the best ghost stories are found in books. But what happens when the building where the books are kept is also a ghost story? Such may be the case with the award-winning public library in Homewood, Alabama, a city of 23,000 just south of Birmingham.

289

ENERGY STAR Building Upgrade Manual | ENERGY STAR Buildings & Plants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

ENERGY STAR Building Upgrade Manual ENERGY STAR Building Upgrade Manual Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In this section Learn the benefits Get started Use Portfolio Manager Save energy Stamp out energy waste Find cost-effective investments Engage occupants Purchase energy-saving products Put computers to sleep Get help from an expert Take a comprehensive approach

290

Status of the ATF Damping Ring BPM Upgrade Project  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A substantial upgrade of the beam position monitors (BPM) at the ATF (Accelerator Test Facility) damping ring is currently in progress. Implementing digital read-out signal processing techniques in line with an optimized, low-noise analog downconverter, a resolution well below 1 mum could be demonstrated at 20 (of 96) upgraded BPM stations. The narrowband, high resolution BPM mode permits investigation of all types of non-linearities, imperfections and other obstacles in the machine which may limit the very low target aimed vertical beam emittance of < 2 pm. The technical status of the project, first beam measurements and an outlook to it's finalization are presented.

Briegel, C.; /Fermilab; Eddy, N.; /Fermilab; Haynes, B.; /Fermilab; May, J.; /SLAC; McCormick, D.; /SLAC; Nelson, J.; /SLAC; Nicklaus, D.; /Fermilab; Prieto, P.; /Fermilab; Rechenmacher, R.; /Fermilab; Smith, T.; /SLAC; Teranuma, N.; /KEK, Tsukuba; Urakawa, J.; /KEK, Tsukuba; Voy, D.; /Fermilab; Wendt, M.; /Fermilab; Woodley, M.; /SLAC

2011-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

High intensity performance and upgrades at the Brookhaven AGS  

SciTech Connect

For the last two years the Brookhaven AGS has operated the slow extracted beam program at record proton intensities. This high beam intensity allowed for the simultaneous operation of three high precision rare kaon decay experiments. The record beam intensities were achieved after the 1.5 GeV Booster was commissioned and a transition jump system, a powerful transverse damper, and an rf upgrade in the AGS were completed. Recently even higher intensity proton synchrotrons are studied for neutron spallation sources or proton driver for a muon collider. Implications of the experiences from the AGS to these proposals and also possible future upgrades for the AGS are discussed.

Roser, T.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

292

Energy and Emissions Savings through Insulation Upgrade Projects  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The presentation demonstrates the value of including insulation system assessment, repairs and upgrades on a facility's physical function and its importance in the overall energy and environmental management program. Financial and environmental benefits are quantified and physical improvements detailed. The presentation will highlight the key components and successful execution of an insulation assessment and upgrade project. This includes: • The extent of the problem • How the current state happened • The stake / reward for plants Specific case studies will be used including Sunoco and Marathon Petroleum

Lettich, M.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Building Upgrade Manual | ENERGY STAR Buildings & Plants  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Building Upgrade Manual Building Upgrade Manual Secondary menu About us Press room Contact Us Portfolio Manager Login Facility owners and managers Existing buildings Commercial new construction Industrial energy management Small business Service providers Service and product providers Verify applications for ENERGY STAR certification Design commercial buildings Energy efficiency program administrators Commercial and industrial program sponsors Associations State and local governments Federal agencies Tools and resources Training In This Section Campaigns Commercial building design Communications resources Energy management guidance Financial resources Portfolio Manager Products and purchasing Recognition Research and reports Service and product provider (SPP) resources Success stories Target Finder

294

Guideline on Licensing Digital Upgrades - TR-102348 Revision 1 - NEI 01-01: A Revision of EPRI TR-102348 to Reflect Changes to the 10 CFR 50.59 Rule  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To continue meeting safety and reliability requirements while controlling operating costs, operators of nuclear power plants must be able to replace and upgrade equipment in a cost-effective manner. Upgrades to plant equipment and especially instrumentation and control (I&C) systems typically involve either replacement of analog devices with more modern digital technology or updating existing digital equipment. However, the use of digital technology has raised new design and licensing issues. This guide ...

2002-03-08T23:59:59.000Z

295

Successful Completion of the Top-off Upgrade of the Advanced Light Source  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An upgrade of the Advanced Light Source (ALS) to enable top-off operation has been completed during the last four years. The final work centered around radiation safety aspects, culminating in a systematic proof that top-off operation is equally safe as decaying beam operation. Commissioning and transition to full user operations happened in late 2008 and early 2009. Top-off operation at the ALS provides a very large increase in time-averaged brightness (by about a factor of 10) as well as improvements in beam stability. The following sections provide an overview of the radiation safety rationale, commissioning results, as well as experience in user operations.

Steier, C.; Bailey, B.; Baptiste, K.; Barry, W.; Biocca, A.; Byrne, W.; Casey, P.; Chin, M.; Donahue, R.; Duarte, R.; Fahmie, M.; Gath, B.; Jacobson, S.; Julian, J.; Jung, J. Y.; Kritscher, M.; Kwiatkowski, S.; Marks, S.; McKean, P.; Mueller, R. [LBNL, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States)

2010-06-23T23:59:59.000Z

296

Rebates Cut the Price of Big-Time Efficiency Upgrades | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rebates Cut the Price of Big-Time Efficiency Upgrades Rebates Cut the Price of Big-Time Efficiency Upgrades February 22, 2010 - 5:52pm Addthis One of the smartest ways for...

297

Considerations for Polarimetric Upgrades to Operational WSR-88D Radars  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reports on the steps taken by the National Severe Storms Laboratory (NSSL) to 1) develop open system hardware to facilitate upgrades to the WSR-88D (NEXRAD) radar and 2) improve identification of the type of precipitation and its ...

R. J. Doviak; V. Bringi; A. Ryzhkov; A. Zahrai; D. Zrni?

2000-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

COUNTY OF SAN DIEGO Energy Upgrade San Diego  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) $ 60,250 San Diego Co. Water Authority (building owner incentives) $ 150,000 San Diego EnergySoft CalCerts, Inc. Strategic Energy Innovations Manpower CBPCA Partnering Clean EnergyCOUNTY OF SAN DIEGO Energy Upgrade San Diego Summary Sheet ARRA EECBG Discretionary Funding

299

High Resolution BPM Upgrade for the ATF Damping Ring at KEK  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A beam position monitor (BPM) upgrade at the KEK Accelerator Test Facility (ATF) damping ring has been accomplished, carried out by a KEK/FNAL/SLAC collaboration under the umbrella of the global ILC R&D effort. The upgrade consists of a high resolution, high reproducibility read-out system, based on analog and digital down-conversion techniques, digital signal processing, and also implements a new automatic gain error correction schema. The technical concept and realization as well as results of beam studies are presented. The next generation of linear colliders require ultra-low vertical emittance of <2 pm-rad. The damping ring at the KEK Accelerator Test Facility (ATF) is designed to demonstrate this mission critical goal. A high resolution beam position monitor (BPM) system for the damping ring is one of the key tools for realizing this goal. The BPM system needs to provide two distnict measurements. First, a very high resolution ({approx}100-200nm) closed-orbit measurement which is averaged over many turns and realized with narrowband filter techniques - 'narrowband mode'. This is needed to monitor and steer the beam along an optimum orbit and to facilitate beam-based alignment to minimize non-linear field effects. Second, is the ability to make turn by turn (TBT) measurements to support optics studies and corrections necessary to achieve the design performance. As the TBT measurement necessitates a wider bandwidth, it is often referred to as 'wideband mode'. The BPM upgrade was initiated as a KEK/SLAC/FNAL collaboration in the frame of the Global Design Initiative of the International Linear Collider. The project was realized and completed using Japan-US funds with Fermilab as the core partner.

Eddy, N.; Briegel, C.; Fellenz, B.; Gianfelice-Wendt, E.; Prieto, P.; Rechenmacher, R.; Semenov, A.; Voy, D.; Wendt, M.; Zhang, D.; /Fermilab; Terunuma, N.; /KEK, Tsukuba

2011-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

300

Project L-070, ``300 Area process sewer piping system upgrade`` Project Management Plan  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This document is the project management plan for Project L-070, 300 Area process sewer system upgrades.

Wellsfry, H.E.

1994-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "require upgrading increasing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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301

Project Management Plan (PMP), W-364, 209E septic system upgrade, 200 East Area  

SciTech Connect

The document is the Project Management Plan (PMP) of the design and installation of the 209E Septic System Upgrade.

Lott, D.T.

1994-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

302

EBR-II argon cooling system restricted fuel handling I and C upgrade  

SciTech Connect

The instrumentation and control of the Argon Cooling System (ACS) restricted fuel handling control system at Experimental Breeder Reactor II (EBR-II) is being upgraded from a system comprised of many discrete components and controllers to a computerized system with a graphical user interface (GUI). This paper describes the aspects of the upgrade including reasons for the upgrade, the old control system, upgrade goals, design decisions, philosophies and rationale, and the new control system hardware and software.

Start, S.E.; Carlson, R.B.; Gehrman, R.L. [Argonne National Lab., Idaho Falls, ID (United States). Engineering Div.

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Low rank coal upgrading in a flow of hot water  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Simultaneous hydrothermal degradation and extraction at around 350{sup o}C using flowing solvent as a reaction/extraction medium were proposed for upgrading brown coal, more specifically, for converting brown coal into several fractions having different molecular weight and chemical structure under mild conditions. When an Australian brown coal, Loy Yang coal, was treated by water at 350{sup o}C under 18 MPa, the coal was separated into four fractions: gaseous product by 8% yield, water-soluble extract at room temperature (soluble) by 23% yield, extract precipitates as solid at room temperature (deposit) by 23% yield, and residual coal (upgraded coal) by 46% yield on daf basis. The separation was found to be realized by in situ extraction of low-molecular-weight substances released from coal macromolecular structure and/or those generated by hydrothermal decomposition reactions at 350{sup o}C. The solid products obtained, deposit and upgraded coal, were characterized in detail to examine the possibility of their effective utilization as solid fuel and chemical feed stock. The upgraded coal showed higher heating value and higher gasification reactivity than the parent coal, indicating that the upgraded coal can be a better solid fuel than the parent coal. The solid extract, deposit, was found to show thermoplasticity at less than 200{sup o}C, suggesting the possibility of utilizing the deposit as a raw material of high performance carbon materials. Several variables affecting the performance of the proposed method are also examined in detail in this paper. 12 refs., 8 figs., 3 tabs.

Masato Morimoto; Hiroyuki Nakagawa; Kouichi Miura [Kyoto University, Kyoto (Japan). Department of Chemical Engineering

2009-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

304

Preparation and Testing of the SRF Cavities for the CEBAF 12 GeV Upgrade  

SciTech Connect

Eighty new 7-cell, low-loss cell-shaped cavities are required for the CEBAF 12 GeV Upgrade project. In addition to ten pre-production units fabricated at JLab, the full set of commercially-produced cavities have been delivered. An efficient processing routine, which includes a controlled 30 micron electropolish, has been established to transform these cavities into qualified 8-cavity strings. This work began in 2010 and will run through the end of 2011. The realized cavity performance consistently exceeds project requirements and also the maximum useful gradient in CEBAF: 25 MV/m. We will describe the cavity processing and preparation protocols and summarize test results obtained to date.

Reilly, A. V.; Bass, T.; Burrill, A.; Davis, G. K.; Marhauser, F.; Reece, C. E.; Stirbet, M.

2011-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

305

Pulverizer performance upgrades lower fuel costs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Between 2002 and 2005, combustion equipment modifications were carried out at St. Johns River Power Plant in Jacksonville, FL. The effort succeeded in obtaining the desired emission reductions and to increase petroleum coke consumption. Since 2005 the boilers typically fired a blend of 70% Colombia coal and 30% delayed petroleum coke. To realize significant fuel savings, the pulverizer capacity was increased by 14% to allow a lower grade coal to be used. The article describes the changes made to the pulverizer to allow 11,800 Btu/pound coal to be burnt, with annual savings of $6.3 m beginning in 2006. 4 figs., 1 tab.

Hansen, T.

2007-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

306

High Temperature Calcination - MACT Upgrade Equipment Pilot Plant Test  

SciTech Connect

About one million gallons of acidic, hazardous, and radioactive sodium-bearing waste are stored in stainless steel tanks at the Idaho Nuclear Technology and Engineering Center (INTEC), which is a major operating facility of the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory. Calcination at high-temperature conditions (600 C, with alumina nitrate and calcium nitrate chemical addition to the feed) is one of four options currently being considered by the Department of Energy for treatment of the remaining tank wastes. If calcination is selected for future processing of the sodium-bearing waste, it will be necessary to install new off-gas control equipment in the New Waste Calcining Facility (NWCF) to comply with the Maximum Achievable Control Technology (MACT) standards for hazardous waste combustors and incinerators. This will require, as a minimum, installing a carbon bed to reduce mercury emissions from their current level of up to 7,500 to <45 {micro}g/dscm, and a staged combustor to reduce unburned kerosene fuel in the off-gas discharge to <100 ppm CO and <10 ppm hydrocarbons. The staged combustor will also reduce NOx concentrations of about 35,000 ppm by 90-95%. A pilot-plant calcination test was completed in a newly constructed 15-cm diameter calciner vessel. The pilot-plant facility was equipped with a prototype MACT off-gas control system, including a highly efficient cyclone separator and off-gas quench/venturi scrubber for particulate removal, a staged combustor for unburned hydrocarbon and NOx destruction, and a packed activated carbon bed for mercury removal and residual chloride capture. Pilot-plant testing was performed during a 50-hour system operability test January 14-16, followed by a 100-hour high-temperature calcination pilot-plant calcination run January 19-23. Two flowsheet blends were tested: a 50-hour test with an aluminum-to-alkali metal molar ratio (AAR) of 2.25, and a 50-hour test with an AAR of 1.75. Results of the testing indicate that sodium-bearing waste can be successfully calcined at 600 C with an AAR of 1.75. Unburned hydrocarbons are reduced to less than 10 ppm (7% O2, dry basis), with >90% reduction of NOx emissions. Mercury removal by the carbon bed reached 99.99%, surpassing the control efficiency needed to meet MACT emissions standards. No deleterious impacts on the carbon bed were observed during the tests. The test results imply that upgrading the NWCF calciner with a more efficient cyclone separator and the proposed MACT equipment can process the remaining tanks wastes in 3 years or less, and comply with the MACT standards.

Richard D. Boardman; B. H. O& #39; Brien; N. R. Soelberg; S. O. Bates; R. A. Wood; C. St. Michel

2004-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

307

Extension-Upgrading Methane Using Ultra-Fast Thermal Swing Adsorption  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this project is to develop a cost effective technology for upgrading coal mine methane to natural gas pipeline quality. Nitrogen rejection is the most costly step with conventional technology and emerging competitive technology. Significant cost reductions to this step will allow for the cost effective capture and utilization of this otherwise potent greenhouse gas. The proposed approach is based on the microchannel technology platform that Velocys is developing to commercialize compact and cost efficient chemical processing technology. For this application, ultra fast thermal swing adsorption is enabled by the very high rates of heat transfer enabled by microchannels. Natural gas upgrading systems have six main unit operations: feed compressor, dehydration unit, nitrogen rejection unit, deoxygenator, carbon dioxide scrubber, and a sales compressor. The NRU is the focus of the development program, and a bench-scale demonstration has been initiated. The Velocys NRU system targets producing methane with greater than 96% purity and at least 90% recovery for final commercial operation. A preliminary cost analysis of the methane upgrading system, including the Velocys NRU, suggests that costs below $2.00 per million (MM) BTU methane may be achieved. The cost for a conventional methane upgrading system is well above $2.30 per MM BTU, as benchmarked in an Environmental Protection Agency study. Initial performance results for the Velocys TSA technology were promising. Velocys has also completed initial discussions with several prospective users of the technology and received positive market feedback. Some of the factors that create an attractive opportunity for the technology include the sustained high prices for natural gas, the emerging system of carbon credits, and continued focus on reducing coal mine emissions. While market interest has been confirmed, improvements and optimization are necessary to move the technology to a point that will enable commercial investment in the technology scale-up. In particular, prospective industry collaborators are interested in seeing validation that the technology can meet real-world conditions, including handling impurities, meeting purity and recovery targets (which requires low dead volume), and meeting cost and manufacturability goals. In this quarter, the system adsorbent has been selected--a granular mesoporous carbon. An overall change to the system to move to a phase change fluid for heating and cooling has been projected to significantly reduce the thermal lag of adsorption and desorption unit. Modeling work using the properties of powder carbon has shown that the overall system performance can be achieved, thus negating the need for structured adsorbents. A revised testing protocol for powder adsorbents has been initiated.

Anna Lee Tonkovich

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Extension-Upgrading Methane Using Ultra-Fast Thermal Swing Adsorption  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this project is to develop a cost effective technology for upgrading coal mine methane to natural gas pipeline quality. Nitrogen rejection is the most costly step with conventional technology and emerging competitive technology. Significant cost reductions to this step will allow for the cost effective capture and utilization of this otherwise potent greenhouse gas. The proposed approach is based on the microchannel technology platform that Velocys is developing to commercialize compact and cost efficient chemical processing technology. For this application, ultra fast thermal swing adsorption is enabled by the very high rates of heat transfer enabled by microchannels. Natural gas upgrading systems have six main unit operations: feed compressor, dehydration unit, nitrogen rejection unit, deoxygenator, carbon dioxide scrubber, and a sales compressor. The NRU is the focus of the development program, and a bench-scale demonstration has been initiated. The Velocys NRU system targets producing methane with greater than 96% purity and at least 90% recovery for final commercial operation. A preliminary cost analysis of the methane upgrading system, including the Velocys NRU, suggests that costs below $2.00 per million (MM) BTU methane may be achieved. The cost for a conventional methane upgrading system is well above $2.30 per MM BTU, as benchmarked in an Environmental Protection Agency study. Initial performance results for the Velocys TSA technology were promising. Velocys has also completed initial discussions with several prospective users of the technology and received positive market feedback. Some of the factors that create an attractive opportunity for the technology include the sustained high prices for natural gas, the emerging system of carbon credits, and continued focus on reducing coal mine emissions. While market interest has been confirmed, improvements and optimization are necessary to move the technology to a point that will enable commercial investment in the technology scale-up. In particular, prospective industry collaborators are interested in seeing validation that the technology can meet real-world conditions, including handling impurities, meeting purity and recovery targets (which requires low dead volume), and meeting cost and manufacturability goals.

Anna Lee Tonkovich

2005-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

LLRF System Upgrade for the SLAC Linac  

SciTech Connect

The Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) at SLAC is in full user operation and has met the stability goals for stable lasing. The 250pC bunch can be compressed to below 100fS before passing through an undulator. In a new mode of operation a 20pC bunch is compressed to about 10fS. Experimenters are regularly using this shorter X-ray pulse and getting pristine data. The 10fS bunch has timing jitter on the order of 100fS. Physicists are requesting that the RF system achieve better stability to reduce timing jitter. Drifts in the RF system require longitudinal feedbacks to work over large ranges and errors result in reduced performance of the LCLS. A new RF system is being designed to help diagnose and reduce jitter and drift in the SLAC linac.

Hong, Bo; /SLAC; Akre, Ron; /SLAC; Pacak, Vojtech; /SLAC

2012-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

310

Small turbines in distributed utility application: Natural gas pressure supply requirements  

SciTech Connect

Implementing distributed utility can strengthen the local distribution system and help avoid or delay the expense of upgrading transformers and feeders. The gas turbine-generator set is an attractive option based on its low front-end capital cost, reliable performance at unmanned stations, and environmental performance characteristics. This report assesses gas turbine utilization issues from a perspective of fuel supply pressure requirements and discusses both cost and operational factors. A primary operational consideration for siting gas turbines on the electric distribution system is whether the local gas distribution company can supply gas at the required pressure. Currently available gas turbine engines require gas supply pressures of at least 150 pounds per square inch gauge, more typically, 250 to 350 psig. Few LDCs maintain line pressure in excess of 125 psig. One option for meeting the gas pressure requirements is to upgrade or extend an existing pipeline and connect that pipeline to a high-pressure supply source, such as an interstate transmission line. However, constructing new pipeline is expensive, and the small volume of gas required by the turbine for the application offers little incentive for the LDC to provide this service. Another way to meet gas pressure requirements is to boost the compression of the fuel gas at the gas turbine site. Fuel gas booster compressors are readily available as stand-alone units and can satisfactorily increase the supply pressure to meet the turbine engine requirement. However, the life-cycle costs of this equipment are not inconsequential, and maintenance and reliability issues for boosters in this application are questionable and require further study. These factors may make the gas turbine option a less attractive solution in DU applications than first indicated by just the $/kW capital cost. On the other hand, for some applications other DU technologies, such as photovoltaics, may be the more attractive option.

Goldstein, H.L.

1996-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

The AGS main magnet power supply upgrade  

SciTech Connect

The AGS Main Magnet Power Supply consists of a group of thyristor controlled power converters that operate from full rectify to full invert. In order to minimize ripple during the critical periods of injection and extraction 24 pulse converters are used for these portions of the cycle. The maximum voltage available in this mode is nominally 2,000 volts. The converters that are functional during this portion of the cycle are called the flat-top bank or ``F`` bank modules. During acceleration and invert where voltages of up to 12,000 volts are needed and where the ripple requirements are less stringent, groups of twelve pulse converters are operational. These converters are called the Pulsed bank or ``P`` bank modules. The original controlled rectifier system consisted of 96 large mercury filled excitron tubes divided equally between the P bank and F bank converters. These devices were extremely durable and ran successfully for over twenty years. It was, decided to replace the excitron farm with multiple arrangements of three-phase, full-wave, bridge modules that utilize silicon controlled rectifiers (SCR`s or thyristors) as the switching element. In order to match the existing transformer connections and buswork, eight identical modules were required; four for the P bank system and four for the F bank system. In order to reduce noise pickup and provide electrical isolation the high level SCR gate triggers are provided via fiberoptic cable. The status of various parameters such as water flow, auxiliary power supply performance, trigger circuitry failure, over voltage, overcurrent, and loss of phase reference are monitored via a programmable logic controller (PLCs). The PLCs use isolated input and output modules for various voltage levels from TTL to 150 Vdc to 125 Vac. These devices are extremely flexible and have allowed modifications and improvements that have enhanced the performance over any equivalent hard wired system.

Sandberg, J.N.; Casella, R.; Geller, J.; Marneris, I.; Soukas, A.; Schumburg, N.

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Upgraded coal interest group. First quarterly technical progress report, October 1, 1994--December 31, 1994  

SciTech Connect

The interest group got under way effective January 1, 1994, with nine utility members, EPRI, Bechtel, and the Illinois Clean Coal Institute. DOE participation was effective October 1, 1994. The first meeting was held on April 22, 1994 in Springfield, Illinois and the second meeting was held on August 10--11, 1994 at Johnstown, Pennsylvania. Technical reviews were prepared in several areas, including the following: status of low rank coal upgrading, advanced physical coal cleaning, organic sulfur removal from coal, handling of fine coal, combustion of coal water slurries. It was concluded that, for bituminous coals, processing of fines from coal cleaning plants or impoundments was going to be less costly than processing of coal, since the fines were intrinsically worth less and advanced upgrading technologies require fine coal. Penelec reported on benefits of NOX reductions when burning slurry fuels. Project work was authorized in the following areas: Availability of fines (CQ, Inc.), Engineering evaluations (Bechtel), and Evaluation of slurry formulation and combustion demonstrations (EER/MATS). The first project was completed.

Weber, W. [Electric Power Research Inst., Chattanooga, TN (United States); Lebowitz, H.E. [Fossil Fuel Sciences, Palo Alto, CA (United States)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

313

The feasibility of replacing or upgrading utility distribution transformers during routine maintenance  

SciTech Connect

It is estimated that electric utilities use about 40 million distribution transformers in supplying electricity to customers in the United States. Although utility distribution transformers collectively have a high average efficiency, they account for approximately 61 billion kWh of the 229 billion kWh of energy lost annually in the delivery of electricity. Distribution transformers are being replaced over time by new, more efficient, lower-loss units during routine utility maintenance of power distribution systems. Maintenance is typically not performed on units in service. However, units removed from service with appreciable remaining life are often refurbished and returned to stock. Distribution transformers may be removed from service for many reasons, including failure, over- or underloading, or line upgrades such as voltage changes or rerouting. When distribution transformers are removed from service, a decision must be made whether to dispose of the transformer and purchase a lower-loss replacement or to refurbish the transformer and return it to stock for future use. This report contains findings and recommendations on replacing utility distribution transformers during routine maintenance, which is required by section 124(c) of the Energy Policy Act of 1992. The objectives of the study are to evaluate the practicability, cost-effectiveness, and potential energy savings of replacing or upgrading existing transformers during routine utility maintenance and to develop recommendations on was to achieve the potential energy savings.

Barnes, P.R.; Van Dyke, J.W.; McConnell, B.W.; Cohn, S.M.; Purucker, S.L.

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Switching Surge and Lightning Impact on Increasing Power Flow  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report describes the effect of transient overvoltages on increasing the power flow on the electric power transmission system. The report focuses on the effect of system changes on transient recovery voltage (TRV) duties imposed on circuit breakers, and the impact of switching surges, lightning, and sustained overvoltages on transmission line upgrading.

2006-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

315

Software Support during a Control Room Upgrade  

SciTech Connect

In 2004, after 14 years of accelerator operations and commissioning, Jefferson Lab renovated its main control room. Changes in technology and lessons learned during those 14 years drove the control room redesign in a new direction, one that optimizes workflow and makes critical information and controls available to everyone in the control room. Fundamental changes in a variety of software applications were required to facilitate the new operating paradigm. A critical component of the new control room design is a large-format video wall that is used to make a variety of operating information available to everyone in the room. Analog devices such as oscilloscopes and function generators are now displayed on the video wall through two crosspoint switchers: one for analog signals and another for video signals. A new software GUI replaces manual configuration of the oscilloscopes and function generators and helps automate setup. Monitoring screens, customized for the video wall, now make important operating information visible to everyone, not just a single operator. New alarm handler software gives any operator, on any workstation, access to all alarm handler functionality, and multiple users can now contribute to a single electronic logbook entry. To further support the shift to distributed access and control, many applications have been redesigned to run on servers instead of on individual workstations.

Michele Joyce; Michael Spata; Thomas Oren; Anthony Cuffe; Theo McGuckin; Isadoro Carlino; C. Higgins; Harry Fanning; Matthew Bickley; Brian Bevins

2005-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

316

NP Science Network Requirements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Chip Watson, JLAB (CEBAF) Jason Zurawski, Internet2 (Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) — the first large-scaleis in the process of upgrading CEBAF, which will double the

Dart, Eli

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

NP Science Network Requirements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

installed apparatus. The 12 GeV CEBAF Upgrade project isof the CEBAF energy from 6 GeV to 12 GeV. Using space

Dart, Eli

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

MFRSR Head Refurbishment, Data Logger Upgrade and Calibration Improvements  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

MFRSR Head Refurbishment, Data Logger Upgrade MFRSR Head Refurbishment, Data Logger Upgrade and Calibration Improvements Gary Hodges, CIRES/NOAA and John Schmelzer, PNL gary.hodges@noaa.gov, john.schmelzer@pnl.gov 17th Annual ARM Science Team Meeting 26-30 March 2006 Monterey, CA Head Refurbishment The Process Includes: * New filter detectors * Relocate internal thermistors * New connectors * Gain resistors moved to head * Improved insulation The Finished Heads: * Are lamp calibrated * Have filter profiles measured * Cosine characterized * Are out-of-band tested What Does This Mean For Data Users? * Fewer data gaps * Fewer DQRs * Confidence in the data * Well calibrated data Calibration Improvements 5 6 7 8 0 2 4 6 Airmass ln Direct Data will now be calibrated by the Langley method Extrapolate to TOA to get V 0 Benefits of Langley vs. Lamp calibrations:

319

HERA Luminosity Upgrade Magnet Production | Superconducting Magnet Division  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

HERA Luminosity Upgrade Magnet Production HERA Luminosity Upgrade Magnet Production Photos taken on or before 12-May-2000. GO horizontal test setup GO horizontal test setup view toward lead tower GO horizontal test setup GO horizontal test setup GO horizontal test setup GO horizontal test setup GO horizontal test setup GO horizontal test setup GO horizontal test setup GO horizontal test setup GO horizontal test setup GO horizontal test setup lead tower feedthroughs Close up of lead tower feedthroughs lead tower feedthroughs Close up of lead tower feedthroughs lead tower feedthroughs Close up of lead tower feedthroughs GO horizontal test setup GO horizontal test setup GO horizontal test setup GO horizontal test setup GO Coldmass GO Coldmass GO sextupole coil GO sextupole coil GO quadrupole coil lead end GO quadrupole coil lead end

320

Microsoft Word - CX_TunkRadioStationUpgrade_2012.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

May 30, 2012 May 30, 2012 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEC-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Ben Deschuytter Project Manager - TEP-CSB-1 Proposed Action: Tunk Mountain Radio Station Upgrade Categorical Exclusions Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.19- Siting/construction/operation of microwave/radio communication towers Location: Synarep, Okanogan County, WA Township 35N, Range 29E, and Section 8 Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: BPA plans to upgrade its Tunk Mountain Radio Station in the Tonasket Ranger District of the Okanogan-Wenatchee National Forest. BPA is coordinating with the U.S. Forest Service (USFS) to ensure the existing land use permit is

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "require upgrading increasing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Microsoft Word - AlbionButteRSCommunicationUpgrade-CX.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4, 2011 4, 2011 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEC-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearence Memorandum David Tripp - TEP-CSB-1 Proposed Action: Albion Butte Radio Station Communication Upgrade Budget Information: Work Order # 00253466 Task 03 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021: B1.7 "Acquisition, installation, operation, and removal of communication systems..." Location: Cassia County, Idaho - Section 19, Township 11 South, Range 26 East of the Nibbs Creek Quadrangle Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to upgrade the communication building and equipment at BPA's Albion Butte Radio Station located in Cassia County, ID. This project is part of an

322

Microsoft Word - Holcomb and Naselle Communication Upgrade CX.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6, 2011 6, 2011 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEC-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearence Memorandum David Tripp - TEP-CSB-1 Proposed Action: Holcomb Radio Station and Naselle Substation Communication Upgrade Project Budget Information: Work Order # 00253203 and # 00253206 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021: B1.7 "Acquisition, installation, operation, and removal of communication systems..." Locations: Holcomb Radio Station: Pacific County, Washington - Township 13 North, Range 7 West, Section 30 of the Lebam Quadrangle Naselle Substation: Pacific County, Washington - Township 10 North, Range 9 West, Section 4 of the Oman Ranch Quadrangle Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: BPA is proposing to upgrade the communication equipment at

323

Microsoft Word - Lower-MidColumbia-Upgrade-CX.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3, 2010 3, 2010 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEC-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Steve Prickett Project Manager - TEP Proposed Action: Lower Mid-Columbia / Midway-Vantage 230-kV Transmission Line Upgrade Project Budget Information: Work Order #238901 and #231311, Task 03 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B4.6 "Additions or modifications to electric power transmission facilities that would not affect the environment beyond the previously developed facility..." B4.7 Adding fiber optic cable to transmission structures or burying fiber optic cable in existing transmission line rights-of-way. B4.13 "Reconstruction (upgrading or rebuilding) and/or minor relocation of existing electric powerlines

324

Microsoft Word - CX_MetalineRadioStationUpgrade_2012.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

July 11, 2012 July 11, 2012 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEC-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Ben Deschuytter Project Manager - TEP-CSB-1 Proposed Action: Metaline Radio Station Upgrade Project Categorical Exclusions Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.19- Siting/construction/operation of microwave/radio communication towers Location: Metaline Falls, Pend Orielle County, WA Township 40N, Range 43E, Section 31 Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to upgrade its Metaline Radio Station in the Sullivan Lake Ranger District of the Colville National Forest. BPA is coordinating with the US Forest Service (USFS) to ensure the existing land use agreement is modified to adequately address

325

Criticality benchmark comparisons leading to cross-section upgrades  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For several years criticality benchmark calculations with COG. COG is a point-wise Monte Carlo code developed at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). It solves the Boltzmann equation for the transport of neutrons and photons. The principle consideration in developing COG was that the resulting calculation would be as accurate as the point-wise cross-sectional data, since no physics computational approximations were used. The objective of this paper is to report on COG results for criticality benchmark experiments in concert with MCNP comparisons which are resulting in corrections an upgrades to the point-wise ENDL cross-section data libraries. Benchmarking discrepancies reported here indicated difficulties in the Evaluated Nuclear Data Livermore (ENDL) cross-sections for U-238 at thermal neutron energy levels. This led to a re-evaluation and selection of the appropriate cross-section values from several cross-section sets available (ENDL, ENDF/B-V). Further cross-section upgrades anticipated.

Alesso, H.P.; Annese, C.E.; Heinrichs, D.P.; Lloyd, W.R.; Lent, E.M.

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

326

Algal Lipid Extraction and Upgrading to Hydrocarbons Technology Pathway  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In support of the Bioenergy Technologies Office, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) are undertaking studies of biomass conversion technologies to identify barriers and target research toward reducing conversion costs. Process designs and preliminary economic estimates for each of these pathway cases were developed using rigorous modeling tools (Aspen Plus and Chemcad). These analyses incorporated the best information available at the time of development, including data from recent pilot and bench-scale demonstrations, collaborative industrial and academic partners, and published literature and patents. This technology pathway case investigates the cultivation of algal biomass followed by further lipid extraction and upgrading to hydrocarbon biofuels. Technical barriers and key research needs have been assessed in order for the algal lipid extraction and upgrading pathway to be competitive with petroleum-derived gasoline, diesel and jet range hydrocarbon blendstocks.

Davis, Ryan; Biddy, Mary J.; Jones, Susanne B.

2013-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

327

Jefferson Lab 12 GeV CEBAF Upgrade  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The existing continuous electron beam accelerator facility (CEBAF) at Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF) is a 5-pass, recirculating cw electron Linac operating at ~6 GeV and is devoted to basic research in nuclear physics. The 12 GeV CEBAF Upgrade is a $310 M project, sponsored by the Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Nuclear Physics, that will expand its research capabilities substantially by doubling the maximum energy and adding major new experimental apparatus. The project received construction approval in September 2008 and has started the major procurement process. The cryogenic aspects of the 12 GeV CEBAF Upgrade includes: doubling the accelerating voltages of the Linacs by adding ten new high-performance, superconducting radiofrequency (SRF) cryomodules (CMs) to the existing 42 1/4 cryomodules; doubling of the 2 K cryogenics plant; and the addition of eight superconducting magnets.

Claus Rode

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

328

MODTRAN cloud and multiple scattering upgrades with application to AVIRIS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent upgrades to the MODTRAN atmospheric radiation code improve the accuracy of its radiance predictions, especially in the presence of clouds and thick aerosols, and for multiple scattering in regions of strong molecular line absorption. The current public-released version of MODTRAN (MODTRAN3.7) features a generalized specification of cloud properties, while the current research version of MODTRAN (MODTRAN4) implements a correlated-k (CK) approach for more accurate calculation of multiple scattered radiance. Comparisons to cloud measurements demonstrate the viability of the CK approach. The impact of these upgrades on predictions for AVIRIS viewing scenarios is discussed for both clear and clouded skies; the CK approach provides refined predictions for AVIRIS nadir and near-nadir viewing.

Berk, A.; Bernstein, L.S.; Acharya, P.K.; Robertson, D.C.; Adler-Golden, S.M. [Spectral Sciences, Inc., Burlington, MA (United States)] [Spectral Sciences, Inc., Burlington, MA (United States); Anderson, G.P.; Chetwynd, J.H. [Air Force Research Lab., Hanscom AFB, MA (United States). Geophysics Directorate] [Air Force Research Lab., Hanscom AFB, MA (United States). Geophysics Directorate

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Federal Finance Facilities Available for Energy Efficiency Upgrades  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Finance Facilities Finance Facilities Available for Energy Efficiency Upgrades and Clean Energy Deployment A Guide for State, Local & Tribal Leaders and their Partners August 28, 2013 2 Contents 1 Foreword ................................................................................................................................... 5 2 Acknowledgements ................................................................................................................... 6 3 Federal Finance Facilities At-A-Glance ................................................................................... 7 3.1 Matrix of Federal Finance Facilities by Type and Agency .............................................. 7 4 Profiles of Federal Finance Facilities Available for Clean Energy .......................................... 8

330

UPGRADE OF INSTRUMENTATION FOR PURDUE REACTOR PUR-1, PHASE 3  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The major objective of this program is to upgrade and replace instruments and equipment that significantly improve the performance, control and operational capability of the Purdue University nuclear reactor (PUR-1). Under this major objective one project on design and installation of interface cards for channel four detector was considered. This report is the final report and gives the efforts and progress achieved on these projects from August 2002 to July 2004.

S. T. Revankar

2004-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

331

Status of Centralized Environmental Creep Testing Facility Preparation and Upgrade  

SciTech Connect

Because the ASME Codes do not cover environmental issues that are crucial in the design and construction of VHTR system, investigation of long-term impure helium effects on metallurgical stability and properties becomes very important. The present report describes the development of centralized environmental creep testing facility, its close collaborations with the experiments in low velocity helium recirculation loop, important lessons learned, upgrades in system design in FY06, and current status of the development.

Ren, Weiju [ORNL; Battiste, Rick [ORNL

2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

332

Seismic review of vault for MFTF upgrade project  

SciTech Connect

This letter report was prepared in accordance with the scope of work for the preconceptual seismic evaluation of the (..cap alpha.. + T) Tandem Mirror Fusion Machine concrete vault. The scope of the work was developed with the assistance of the Bechtel site representative Dr. Sunil Ghose. The report contains comments and preconceptual recommendations on wall upgrading for an 150-ton crane installation, concrete vault seismic capability for (..cap alpha.. + T) conditions, and recommendations for future work.

Franklin, H.A.

1983-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

333

I&C Upgrades for Nuclear Plants -- Desk Reference 1997  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To assist utilities in designing, implementing, and managing digital upgrades of instrumentation and control systems, EPRI has produced a set of documents that address the key technical and regulatory issues. However, the aggregate now comprises several thousand pages of printed materials, and it is simply not practical for a utility engineer to become familiar with all of it. This document provides brief descriptions of the available documents, along with navigation aides to quickly steer the user to th...

1997-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

334

Assessment of Electrostatic Precipitator (ESP) Upgrade Options: Survey and Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The electrostatic precipitator (ESP) performance analysis in this interim report is intended to aid in selection of the most effective upgrade technologies, which are identified and discussed in EPRI report 1023077, ESP Performance Optimization. This second in a series of reports contains a new, first-order procedure for evaluating the performance of an existing ESP in order to determine which of the technologies discussed in the earlier report will produce the greatest improvement in ...

2013-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

335

Commissioning Results of the Upgraded Neutralized Drift Compression Experiment  

SciTech Connect

Recent changes to the NDCX beamline offer the promise of higher charge compressed bunches (>15nC), with correspondingly large intensities (>500kW/cm2), delivered to the target plane for ion-beam driven warm dense matter experiments. We report on commissioning results of the upgraded NDCX beamline that includes a new induction bunching module with approximately twice the volt-seconds and greater tuning flexibility, combined with a longer neutralized drift compression channel.

Lidia, S.M.; Roy, P.K.; Seidl, P.A.; Waldron, W.L.; Gilson, E.P.

2009-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

336

Upgrade of the PNNL TEPC and Multisphere Spectrometer  

SciTech Connect

The Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) has used two types of instruments, the tissue equivalent proportional counter (TEPC) and the multisphere spectrometer for characterizing neutron radiation fields in support of neutron dosimetry at the Hanford site. The US Department of Energy recently issued new requirements for radiation protection standards in 10 CFR 835 which affect the way that neutron dose equivalent rates are evaluated. In response to the new requirements, PNNL has upgraded the analyses used in conjunction with the TEPC and multisphere. The analysis software for the TEPC was modified for this effort, and a new analysis code was selected for the multisphere. These new analysis techniques were implemented and tested with measurement data that had been collected in previous measurements. In order to test the effectiveness of the changes, measurements were taken in PNNL’s Low Scatter Room using 252Cf sources in both unmoderated and D2O-moderated configurations that generate well-characterized neutron fields. The instruments were also used at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), in their Neutron Free-in-Air calibration room, also using neutron sources that generate well-characterized neutron fields. The results of the software modifications and the measurements are documented in this report. The TEPC measurements performed at PNNL agreed well with accepted dose equivalent rates using the traditional analysis, agreeing with the accepted value to within 13% for both unmoderated and moderated 252Cf sources. When the new analysis was applied to the TEPC measurement data, the results were high compared to the new accepted value. A similar pattern was seen for TEPC measurements at LANL. Using the traditional analysis method, results for all neutron sources showed good agreement with accepted values, nearly always less than 10%. For the new method of analysis, however, the TEPC responded with higher dose equivalent rates than accepted, by as much as 25%. The reason for the overresponse is that there is very little attenuation of the neutrons by tissue, so it cannot match the effect of attenuation by 1 cm of tissue called for in the new standards. This could be corrected with a modified instrument with a thicker wall, or by analytical means that would need to be developed. The multisphere spectrometer performed reasonably well both at PNNL and at LANL. It could produce a neutron spectrum that was similar to the accepted spectrum, and total flux values were usually within 15% of the accepted values. Dose equivalent rates were usually within 18% of the accepted values. The average energies, however, were usually lower than the accepted values. The performance of this instrument could be much better than seen in this study. If PNNL were to add some moderating spheres to its measurement set and calculate a new set of instrument response functions, performance could be improved. The multisphere could then be a more useful instrument for assessing the dose equivalent rate in the workplace.

Scherpelz, Robert I.; Conrady, Matthew M.

2008-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

337

Post Production Heavy Oil Operations: A Case for Partial Upgrading  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The transportation of heavy oil is a pressing problem. Various methods have been devised to mitigate the reluctance to flow of these highly dense and viscous oils. This study is focused on evaluating a case for post-production partial upgrading of heavy oil. Specifically, we analyze the impact of visbreaking, a mild thermal cracking method, on the economic and energy demands of the post-production process. Using conservative modeling techniques and principles we find significant cost and energy savings can potentially result out of visbreaking. Cost savings result as a consequence of reduced diluent usage. Even the most conservative modeling scenario under consideration exhibits significant cost savings in the form of reduced diluent usage; these savings not only offset operational costs but provide short payback periods on capital expenditures. Additionally, the lower gravity blend resulting from visbreaking can also bring about energy and cost savings in pipeline transportation and positively impact the heavy oil value chain from the producer to a refinery or regional upgrading facility. From this basic analysis of the potential of visbreaking, we can recommend investing resources to study its viability in the field. Using this analysis as a tipping off point and with a detailed look at the chemistry of the oil in question it is possible to make a very viable case for visbreaking. In a similar vein, this analysis can serve as a guide in making a case for other partial upgrading methods as well.

Lokhandwala, Taher

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

UPGRADING METHANE USING ULTRA-FAST THERMAL SWING ADSORPTION  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this project is to design and demonstrate an approach to upgrade low-BTU methane streams from coal mines to pipeline-quality natural gas. The objective of Phase I of the project was to assess the feasibility of upgrading low-Btu methane streams using ultra-fast thermal swing adsorption (TSA) using Velocys' modular microchannel process technology. The project is on schedule and under budget. For Task 1.1, the open literature, patent information, and vendor contacts were surveyed to identify adsorbent candidates for experimental validation and subsequent demonstration in an MPT-based ultra-fast TSA separation for methane upgrading. The leading candidates for preferential adsorption of methane over nitrogen are highly microporous carbons. A Molecular Gate{trademark} zeolite from Engelhard Corporation has emerged as a candidate. For Task 1.2, experimental evaluation of adsorbents was initiated, and data were collected on carbon (MGN-101) from PICA, Inc. This carbon demonstrated a preferential capacity for methane over nitrogen, as well as a reasonable thermal swing differential capacity for a 90% methane and 10% nitrogen mixture. A similar methane swing capacity at 2 psig was measured. The mixture composition is relevant because gob gas contains nearly 85% methane and must be purified to 97% methane for pipeline quality.

Anna Lee Tonkovich

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Snowflake divertor configuration studies for NSTX-Upgrade  

SciTech Connect

Snowflake divertor experiments in NSTX provide basis for PMI development toward NSTX-Upgrade. Snowflake configuration formation was followed by radiative detachment. Significant reduction of steady-state divertor heat flux observed in snowflake divertor. Impulsive heat loads due to Type I ELMs are partially mitigated in snowflake divertor. Magnetic control of snowflake divertor configuration is being developed. Plasma material interface development is critical for NSTX-U success. Four divertor coils should enable flexibility in boundary shaping and control in NSTX-U. Snowflake divertor experiments in NSTX provide good basis for PMI development in NSTX-Upgrade. FY 2009-2010 snowflake divertor experiments in NSTX: (1) Helped understand control of magnetic properties; (2) Core H-mode confinement unchanged; (3) Core and edge carbon concentration reduced; and (4) Divertor heat flux significantly reduced - (a) Steady-state reduction due to geometry and radiative detachment, (b) Encouraging results for transient heat flux handling, (c) Combined with impurity-seeded radiative divertor. Outlook for snowflake divertor in NSTX-Upgrade: (1) 2D fluid modeling of snowflake divertor properties scaling - (a) Edge and divertor transport, radiation, detachment threshold, (b) Compatibility with cryo-pump and lithium conditioning; (2) Magnetic control development; and (3) PFC development - PFC alignment and PFC material choice.

Soukhanovskii, V A

2011-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

340

UP-GRADED RHIC INJECTION SYSTEM.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The design of the RHIC injection systems anticipated the possibility of filling and operating the rings with a 120 bunch pattern, corresponding to 110 bunches after allowing for the abort gap. Beam measurements during the 2002 run confirmed the possibility, although at the expense of severe transverse emittance growth and thus not on an operational basis. An improvement program was initiated with the goal of reducing the kicker rise time from 110 to {approx}95 ns and of minimizing pulse timing jitter and drift. The major components of the injection system are 4 kicker magnets and Blmlein pulsers using thyratron switches. The kicker terminating resistor and operating voltage was increased to reduce the rise time. Timing has been stabilized by using commercial trigger units and extremely stable dc supplies for the thyratron reservoir. A fiber optical connection between control room and the thyratron trigger unit has been provided, thereby allowing the operator to adjust timing individually for each kicker unit. The changes were successfully implemented for use in the RHIC operation.

HAHN,H.FISCHER,W.SEMERTZIDIS,Y.K.WARBURTON,D.S.

2003-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "require upgrading increasing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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341

Polarimeter Receiver Prototyping and Testing for the South Pole Telescope Upgrade  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Experimental evidence has so far been supportive for the inflationary Big Bang model of cosmology, while imposing other mysteries, such as the fact that dark matter and dark energy actually consist of 95 % of the observable universe. The forthcoming upgrade of the South Pole Telescope, planned for 2010, will include a polarimeter with increased sensitivity. Measurements of the CMB polarization anisotropy to a high accuracy will describe the angular power spectrum of the B-mode polarization, which will help unravel some of the mysteries. We prototype and test a digital frequency multiplexed readout system for the SPT upgrade. The digital system has the advantage of being able to reconstruct the phase of the signals. We characterize the performance of the readout and we compare it to the theoretical expectations. The noise is found to be statistically insignificant (insert quantitative proof), and the system performs as expected, significantly better than the previous implementation. We conclude that the digital fMux readout system should be sent to the South Pole Telescope. 1

Constantinos Melachrinos

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Flat bunch creation and acceleration: a possible path for the LHC luminosity upgrade  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Increasing the collider luminosity by replacing bunches having Gaussian line-charge distribution with flat bunches, but with same beam-beam tune shift at collision, has been studied widely in recent years. But, creation of 'stable' flat bunches (and their acceleration) using a multiple harmonic RF system has not been fully explored. Here, we review our experience with long flat bunches in the barrier RF buckets at Fermilab.We presentsome preliminary results from beam dynamics simulations and recent beam studies in the LHC injectors to create stable flat bunches using double harmonic RF systems. The results deduced from these studies will be used to model the necessary scheme for luminosity upgrade in the LHC. We have also described a viable (and economical) way for creation and acceleration of flat bunches in the LHC. The flat bunch scheme may have many advantages over the LHC baseline scenario, particularly because of the reduced momentum spread of the bunch for increased intensities.

Bhat, C.M.; /Fermilab

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Reaction Mechanisms in Petroleum: From Experimentation to Upgrading and Geological Conditions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Among the numerous questions that arise concerning the exploitation of petroleum from unconventional reservoirs, lie the questions of the composition of hydrocarbons present in deep seated HP-HT reservoirs or produced during in-situ upgrading steps of heavy oils and oil shales. Our research shows that experimental hydrocarbon cracking results obtained in the laboratory cannot be extrapolated to geological reservoir conditions in a simple manner. Our demonstration is based on two examples: 1) the role of the hydrocarbon mixture composition on reaction kinetics (the "mixing effect") and the effects of pressure (both in relationship to temperature and time). The extrapolation of experimental data to geological conditions requires investigation of the free-radical reaction mechanisms through a computed kinetic model. We propose a model that takes into account 52 reactants as of today, and which can be continuously improved by addition of new reactants as research proceeds. This model is complete and detailed enou...

Lannuzel, Frédéric; Bounaceur, Roda; Marquaire, Paul-Marie; Michels, Raymond

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

344

The Ural Electrochemical Integrated Plant Sustainability Program of Nuclear Material Protection, Control and Accounting System Upgrades  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

UEIP has been working on a comprehensive sustainability program that includes establishing a site sustainability working group, information gathering, planning, organizing, developing schedule and estimated costs, trhough joint UEIP-US DOE/NNSA National Laboratory sustainability contracts. Considerable efforts have been necessary in the sustainability planning, monitoring, and control of the scope of work using tools such as Microsoft Excel, Microsoft Project and SAP R/3. While information interchanges within the sustainability program provides adequate US assurances that US funds are well spent through its quarterly reporting methodology, proper information security and protection measures are taken throughout the process. Decommissioning of outdated equipment has also become part of determining sustainability requirements and processes. The site’s sustainability program has facilitated the development of a transition plan toward eventual full Russian funding of sustaining nuclear security upgrades.

Vakhonin, Alexander; Yuldashev, Rashid; Dabbs, Richard D.; Carroll, Michael F.; Garrett, Albert G.; Patrick, Scott W.; Ku, Eshter M.

2009-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

345

D Note 3563 LED Pulser System for the D Muon Upgrade Scintillation Counters  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the technical design for an LED based pulser system for the D Upgrade Muon Scintillation counters. For Run II, accurate timing information from the scintillation counters is imperative for the proper performance of the muon triggers. The LED Pulser System will serve in the commissioning of the counters and for the continuous monitoring of the PMTs ' performances and gains. A detailed description of the system is presented, as well as the results of tests on individual components and integrated system. Proceedures for production, assembly, quality control, installation, and commissioning are presented. Cost estimates and resource needs to complete the system are presented, as well as an estimated schedule. From the test results, the D LED Pulser System performs at a level exceeding speci cations for a fraction of the initial cost estimated for performing the required tasks.

Pierrick Hanlet Matthew Marcus; Al Ito; Bob Jones; Tom Regan; B. S. Acharya; Juan Pablo Negret; Manuel Zanabria

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Production and Testing Experience with the SRF Cavities for the CEBAF 12 GeV Upgrade  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The CEBAF recirculating CW electron linear accelerator at Jefferson Lab is presently undergoing a major upgrade to 12 GeV. This project includes the fabrication, preparation, and testing of 80 new 7-cell SRF cavities, followed by their incorporation into ten new cryomodules for subsequent testing and installation. In order to maximize the cavity Q over the full operable dynamic range in CEBAF (as high as 25 MV/m), the decision was taken to apply a streamlined preparation process that includes a final light temperature-controlled electropolish of the rf surface over the vendor-provided bulk BCP etch. Cavity processing work began at JLab in September 2010 and will continue through December 2011. The excellent performance results are exceeding project requirements and indicate a fabrication and preparation process that is stable and well controlled. The cavity production and performance experience to date will be summarized and lessons learned reported to the community.

A. Burrill, G.K. Davis, F. Marhauser, C.E. Reece, A.V. Reilly, M. Stirbet

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Microsoft Word - CX-McNary-Ross_UPGRADE_CIVIL_1_PPA_1876_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1 1 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Theresa Berry Civil Engineer - TEP-TPP-3 Proposed Action: McNary-Ross No. 1 Upgrade Project, Surface Impairment Removal PP&A Project No.: 1876 Categorical Exclusions Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B1.3, Routine maintenance activities...for structures, rights-of-way, infrastructures such as roads, equipment... routine maintenance activities, corrective....are required to maintain...infrastructures...in a condition suitable for a facility to be used for its designated purpose. Location: Project activities would take place at five locations, identified in the table below: Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to address five surface impairments that were

348

MICRON SIZE LASER-WIRE SYSTEM AT THE ATF EXTRACTION LINE, RECENT RESULTS AND ATF-II UPGRADE  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The KEK Accelerator test facility (ATF) extraction line laser-wire system has been upgraded last year allowing the measurement of micron scale transverse size electron beams. The most recent measurements using the upgraded system are presented. The ATF-II extraction line design call for the major upgrade of the existing laser-wire system. We report on the hardware upgrades, including the major hardware upgrades to the laser transport, the laser beam diagnostics line, and the mechanical control systems.

Blair, G A; Boorman, G; Bosco, A; Deacon, L; Karataev, P; Howell, D; Nevay, L J; Corner, L; Delerue, N; Foster, B; Gannaway, F; Newman, M; Senanayake, R; Walczak, R; Hayano, H; Aryshev, A; Terunuma, N; Urakawa, J

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Science Requirements  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Science Requirements About ESnet Overview ESnet Staff Governance Our Network Case Studies ESnet Strategic Plan ESnet Organizational Chart ESnet History Science Requirements Network...

350

Environmental Assessment for the centralization and upgrading of the sanitary wastewater system at the Savannah River Site  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Department of Energy (DOE) has prepared an environmental assessment for the proposed centralization and upgrading of the sanitary wastewater system on the Savannah River Site (SRS), near Aiken, proposed action is not a major Federal action significantly affecting the South Carolina. Based on the analyses in the EA, DOE has determined that the quality of the human environment within the meaning of the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) of 1969. Therefore, the preparation of an environmental impact statement is not required, and DOE is issuing this Finding of No Significant Impact and Floodplain Statement of Findings.

Not Available

1993-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

NIST Releases Test Framework for Upgrading of Smart Meters | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

NIST Releases Test Framework for Upgrading of Smart Meters NIST Releases Test Framework for Upgrading of Smart Meters NIST Releases Test Framework for Upgrading of Smart Meters July 12, 2012 - 10:46am Addthis The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has released a draft set of guidelines that will help utilities test their procedures for upgrading their smart meters securely from a remote location and determine whether their procedures conform with the National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA) Standard for Smart Grid Upgradeability. Available now for public comment, the Advanced Metering Infrastructure Smart Meter Upgradeability Test Framework includes test procedures and detailed steps for conducting the test, reviewing results, and producing records to assess and report on these results.

352

Searches for Higgs Boson(s) at the Upgraded Tevatron  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We summarize the status of Higgs boson searches at the upgraded Fermilab Tevatron performed by the DO and CDF collaborations. We report on three categories of searches, namely 1) the search for the Standard Model Higgs boson (p\\bar{p} --> H, WH or ZH, with H --> WW* and/or H --> b\\bar{b}), 2) the search for the minimal supersymmetric Higgs boson using p\\bar{p} --> hb\\bar{b} --> b\\bar{b}b\\bar{b} and p\\bar{p} --> hX --> tau tau X, 3) the search for doubly charged Higgs boson.

Gregorio Bernardi; for the CDF; D0 collaborations

2005-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

353

Energy Efficiency Upgrades for Little Rock Air Force Base  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Little Rock Air Force Base (LRAFB), in partnership with the local utility, Entergy Services, Inc., has reduced energy costs and used savings from investments in high-efficiency equipment to maintain and improve the condition of base housing and other facilities. Three projects were completed, with over $10 million invested. Major accomplishments include replacing air-to-air heat pumps with high-efficiency ground-source heat pumps (GSHPs) in more than 1,500 base housing units, lighting modifications to 10 buildings, upgrade of HVAC equipment in the base's enlisted club, and energy-efficient lighting retrofits for LRAFB's flight simulator.

Goldman, C.; Dunlap, M.A.

2000-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

354

Searches for Higgs boson(s) at the upgraded Tevatron  

SciTech Connect

We summarize the status of Higgs boson searches at the upgraded Fermilab Tevatron performed by the D0 and CDF collaborations. We report on three categories of searches, namely the search for the Standard Model Higgs boson (p{bar p} {yields} H, WH or ZH, with H {yields} WW* and/or H {yields} b{bar b}), the search for the minimal supersymmetric Higgs boson using p{bar p} {yields} hb{bar b} {yields} b{bar b}b{bar b} and p{bar p} {yields} hX {yields} {tau}{tau}X, and the search for doubly charged Higgs boson.

Bernardi, Gregorio; /Paris U., VI-VII /Fermilab

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

The D0 level 3 DAQ system: operation and upgrades  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The D{O} Level 3 data acquisition system for Run II of the Tevatron has been reliably operating since May 2002. Designed to handle average event sizes of 250 kilobytes at a rate of 1 kHz, the system has been upgraded to be able to process more events, doubling its typical output rate from 50 Hz to 100 Hz, while coping with higher event sizes at the beginning of high luminosity collider stores. The system routes and transfers event fragments from 63 VME crates to any of approximately 320 processing nodes. The addition of more farm nodes, the performance of the components, and the running experience are described here.

Garcia-Bellido, Aran; Bose, Tulika; Brooijmans, Gustaaf; Chapin, Doug; Cutts, David; Fuess, Stuart; Gadfort, Thomas; Haas, Andrew; Lee, William; Rechenmacher, Ron; Snyder, Scott; /Washington U., Seattle /Brown U. /Columbia U. /Fermilab /Brookhaven

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

356

Upgrade of the JET far infrared interferometer diagnostic  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In recent years there has been a major upgrade of the JET far infrared diagnostic system consisting of a new laser system with the wavelength at 118.8 {mu}m at and more advanced processing electronics for phase counting. This provides a second colour measurement of the electron plasma density on the vertical system. Due to the shorter wavelength, the plasma induced laser beam refraction is reduced by a factor of three alleviating density errors caused by loss of signal (so-called 'fringe jumps'[A. Murari et al., Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 073505 (2006)]), in particular during high performance plasmas experiments in JET.

Boboc, A.; Edlington, T.; Dorling, S. [EURATOM/CCFE Association, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon OX14 3DB (United Kingdom); Gil, C.; Pastor, P.; Spuig, P. [CEA, IRFM, Cadarache F-13108 Saint-Paul-Lez-Durance (France); Collaboration: JET-EFDA Contributors

2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

357

The Removal of Heavy Metals and Upgrading Crude Bio-oil from ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As a potential method to detoxify the biomass and to convert this material to a suitable bio-energy resource, the hydrothermal upgrading process was applied to ...

358

Microsoft Word - CX-2010 Control House Seismic Upgrades_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and non-structural seismic upgrades, and perform minor architectural work at each substation. Findings: BPA has determined that the proposed action complies with Section...

359

Biogas upgrade through exhaust gas reforming process for use in CI engines.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Biogas is not ideal for combustion in diesel engines mainly due to its low energy content. The upgrading of biogas into high quality syngas through… (more)

Lau, Chia Sheng

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

Compilation of Results and Feedback Regarding Turbine Upgrades at Nuclear and Fossil Power Plants  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report compiles results and feedback and draws a number of conclusions and lessons learned regarding steam turbine generator upgrades at nuclear and fossil power plants.

2008-11-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "require upgrading increasing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Preparation and characterization of nanostructured metal oxides for application to biomass upgrading.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Pyrolysis oil, or bio-oil, is one of the most promising methods to upgrade a variety of biomass to transportation fuels. Moving toward a more "green"… (more)

Finch, Kenneth B. H.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Upgrading California's Home Care Workforce: The Impact of Political Action and Unionization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

howes / upgrading california’s home care workforceKlein. 2003. “Organizing Home Care: Homecare Workers, OldCollaborating to Improve In-Home Supportive Services: Stake-

Howes, Candace

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Uppgradering av biogas med aska frĺn trädbränslen; Upgrading of biogas using ash from wood fuels.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The Swedish production of biogas was 1,5 TWh 2011. About half of the production was used as vehicle fuels. The cost for upgrading biogas… (more)

Andersson, Johan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

364

Proposal for the 252Cf source upgrade to the ATLAS facility  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the the 252 Cf source upgrade to the ATLAS facility Physics Division, Argonne National Laboratory Contact persons: Guy Savard, Richard Pardo February 22, 2005 Abstract Beams of accelerated exotic neutron-rich nuclei allow access to little known regions of the nuclear landscape that are important both structurally and for r-process nucleosynthesis. We propose to increase the radioactive beam capabilities of the ATLAS accelerator facility by the installation of a new source of ions to provide beams of short- lived neutron-rich isotopes. These isotopes will be obtained from a 1 Ci 252 Cf fission source located in a large gas catcher from which the radioactive ions will be extracted and transferred to an ECR ion source for charge breeding before acceleration in the

365

Properties of Alfven Eigenmodes in the TAE range on the National Spherical Torus Experiment-Upgrade  

SciTech Connect

A second Neutral Beam (NB) injection line is being installed on the NSTX Upgrade device, resulting in six NB sources with di erent tangency radii that will be available for heating and current drive. This work explores the properties of instabilities in the frequency range of the Toroidal Alfv#19;en Eigenmode (TAE) for NSTX-U scenarios with various NB injection geometries, from more perpendicular to more tangential, and with increased toroidal magnetic eld with respect to previous NSTX scenarios. Predictions are based on analysis through the ideal MHD code NOVA-K. For the scenarios considered in this work, modi cations of the Alfv#19;en continuum result in a frequency upshift and a broadening of the radial mode structure. The latter e ect may have consequences for fast ion transport and loss. Preliminary stability considerations indicate that TAEs are potentially unstable, with ion Landau damping representing the dominant damping mechanism

none,

2013-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

366

Upgrading and enhanced recovery of Jobo heavy oil using hydrogen donor under in-situ combustion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In-situ upgrading of oil using hydrogen donors is a new process. In particular, very little research has been conducted with respect to in-situ oil upgrading using hydrogen donor under in-situ combustion. Several papers describe the use of metal additives mixed with oil and their influence on oil properties such as viscosity and API gravity. The main objective of my research is to determine if a catalyst mixed with a hydrogen donor (tetralin) is going to affect the Jobo crude oil properties while undergoing in-situ combustion. Six runs were performed with Jobo crude oil (9-11şAPI) from the Orinoco Belt in Venezuela. Four of the runs were successful. Two of them are base runs; the remaining ones are with tetralin with concentration of 5 wt% (of oil) and catalyst with concentration of 750 ppm. For all runs, the following were kept constant: the air injection rate (3 std. L/min) and production (combustion tube outlet) pressure, 300 psig. Concentration by weight of oil, water, and sand in the samples were approximately 4.8%, 4.2%, and 91% respectively. Oil viscosity at the end of combustion at 40oC decreased from 42.3 and 73.6 to 16.6 and 25.2; API gravity at the end of combustion increased from 18.4 and 16.8 to 20 and 18.8. Oil recovery is higher; combustion front velocity is faster in the case of additives, water production decreased. Since oil viscosity decreased and API gravity increased oil moves faster and consequently combustion time is lower.

Huseynzade, Samir

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Upgrading and enhanced recovery of Jobo heavy oil using hydrogen donor under in-situ combustion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In-situ upgrading of oil using hydrogen donors is a new process. In particular, very little research has been conducted with respect to in-situ oil upgrading using hydrogen donor under in-situ combustion. Several papers describe the use of metal additives mixed with oil and their influence on oil properties such as viscosity and API gravity. The main objective of my research is to determine if a catalyst mixed with a hydrogen donor (tetralin) is going to affect the Jobo crude oil properties while undergoing in-situ combustion. Six runs were performed with Jobo crude oil (9-11şAPI) from the Orinoco Belt in Venezuela. Four of the runs were successful. Two of them are base runs; the remaining ones are with tetralin with concentration of 5 wt% (of oil) and catalyst with concentration of 750 ppm. For all runs, the following were kept constant: the air injection rate (3 std. L/min) and production (combustion tube outlet) pressure, 300 psig. Concentration by weight of oil, water, and sand in the samples were approximately 4.8%, 4.2%, and 91% respectively. Oil viscosity at the end of combustion at 40°C decreased from 42.3 and 73.6 to 16.6 and 25.2; API gravity at the end of combustion increased from 18.4 and 16.8 to 20 and 18.8. Oil recovery is higher; combustion front velocity is faster in the case of additives, water production decreased. Since oil viscosity decreased and API gravity increased oil moves faster and consequently combustion time is lower.

Huseynzade, Samir

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Design and Validation of Control Room Upgrades Using a Research Simulator Facility  

SciTech Connect

Since 1981, the United States (U.S.) Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) [1] requires a plant- specific simulator facility for use in training at U.S. nuclear power plants (NPPs). These training simulators are in near constant use for training and qualification of licensed NPP operators. In the early 1980s, the Halden Man-Machine Laboratory (HAMMLab) at the Halden Reactor Project (HRP) in Norway first built perhaps the most well known set of research simulators. The HRP offered a high- fidelity simulator facility in which the simulator is functionally linked to a specific plant but in which the human-machine interface (HMI) may differ from that found in the plant. As such, HAMMLab incorporated more advanced digital instrumentation and controls (I&C) than the plant, thereby giving it considerable interface flexibility that researchers took full advantage of when designing and validating different ways to upgrade NPP control rooms. Several U.S. partners—the U.S. NRC, the Electrical Power Research Institute (EPRI), Sandia National Laboratories, and Idaho National Laboratory (INL) – as well as international members of the HRP, have been working with HRP to run control room simulator studies. These studies, which use crews from Scandinavian plants, are used to determine crew behavior in a variety of normal and off-normal plant operations. The findings have ultimately been used to guide safety considerations at plants and to inform advanced HMI design—both for the regulator and in industry. Given the desire to use U.S. crews of licensed operators on a simulator of a U.S. NPP, there is a clear need for a research simulator facility in the U.S. There is no general-purpose reconfigurable research oriented control room simulator facility in the U.S. that can be used for a variety of studies, including the design and validation of control room upgrades.

Ronald L. Boring; Vivek Agarwal; Jeffrey C. Joe; Julius J. Persensky

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

STANDARDIZATION OF CEBAF 12 GEV UPGRADE CAVITY TESTING  

SciTech Connect

CEBAF 12GeV upgrade project includes 80 new 7-cell cavities to form 10 cryomodules. Each cavity underwent RF qualification at 2.07K using a high power accelerating gradient test and an HOM survey in Jefferson Lab's Vertical Testing Area (VTA) before cavity string assembly. In order to ensure consistently high quality data, updated cavity testing procedures and analysis were implemented and used by a group of VTA operators. For high power tests, a cavity testing procedure was developed and used in conjunction with a LabVIEW program to collect the test data. Additionally while the cavity was at 2.07K, an HOM survey was performed using a network analyzer and a combination of Excel and Mathematica programs. Data analysis was standardized and an online logbook, Pansophy, was used for data storage and mining. The Pansophy system allowed test results to be easily summarized and searchable across all cavity tests. In this presentation, the CEBAF 12GeV upgrade cavity testing procedure, method for data analysis, and results reporting results will be discussed.

Tiffany Bass, G. Davis, Christiana Wilson, Mircea Stirbet

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

12 GeV Upgrade Project - Cryomodule Production  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (Jefferson Lab) is producing ten 100+MV SRF cryomodules (C100) as part of the CEBAF 12 GeV Upgrade Project. Once installed, these cryomodules will become part of an integrated accelerator system upgrade that will result in doubling the energy of the CEBAF machine from 6 to 12 GeV. This paper will present a complete overview of the C100 cryomodule production process. The C100 cryomodule was designed to have the major components procured from private industry and assembled together at Jefferson Lab. In addition to measuring the integrated component performance, the performance of the individual components is verified prior to being released for production and assembly into a cryomodule. Following a comprehensive cold acceptance test of all subsystems, the completed C100 cryomodules are installed and commissioned in the CEBAF machine in preparation of accelerator operations. This overview of the cryomodule production process will include all principal performance measurements, acceptance criterion and up to date status of current activities.

J. Hogan, A. Burrill, G.K. Davis, M.A. Drury, M. Wiseman

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

371

ECE RADIOMETER UPGRADE ON THE DIII-D TOKAMAK  

SciTech Connect

OAK A271 ECE RADIOMETER UPGRADE ON THE DIII-D TOKAMAK. The electron cyclotron emission (ECE) heterodyne radiometer diagnostic on DIII-D has been upgraded with the addition of eight channels for a total of 40. The new, higher frequency channels allow measurements of electron temperature into the magnetic axis in discharges at maximum field, 2.15 T. The complete set now extends over the full usable range of second harmonic emission frequencies at 2.0 T covering radii from the outer edge inward to the location of third harmonic overlap on the high field side. Full coverage permits the measurement of heat pulses and magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) fluctuations on both sides of the magnetic axis. In addition, the symmetric measurements are used to fix the location of the magnetic axis in tokamak magnetic equilibrium reconstructions. Also, the new higher frequency channels have been used to determine central T{sub e} with good time resolution in low field, high density discharges using third harmonic ECE in the optically gray and optically thick regimes.

AUSTIN, ME; LOHR, J

2002-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

372

The Science and Experimental Equipment for the 12 GeV Upgrade of CEBAF  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This Conceptual Design Report (CDR) presents the compelling scientific case for upgrading the Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility (CEBAF) at Jefferson Lab to 12 GeV. Such a facility will make profound contributions to the study of hadronic matter. In particular, it will allow breakthrough programs to be launched in four main areas: • The experimental study of gluonic excitations in order to understand the funda- mentally new dynamics that underpins all of nuclear physics: the confinement of quarks. Theoretical conjectures, now strengthened by lattice QCD simulations, indicate that the most spectacular new prediction of QCD – quark confinement – occurs through the formation of a string-like “flux tube” between quarks. This conclusion (and proposed mechanisms of flux tube formation) can be tested by determining the spectrum of the gluonic excitations of mesons. • The Fundamental Structure of the Nuclear Building Blocks. A vast improvement in our knowledge of the fundamental structure of the proton and neutron can be achieved. Not only can existing “deep inelastic scattering” cross sections be extended for the first time to cover the critical region where their basic three-quark structure dominates, but also measure- ments of new “deep exclusive scattering” cross sections will open the door to a comprehensive characterization of these wavefunctions using the framework of the Generalized Parton Distri- butions; these data will provide access to information on the correlations among the quarks. These studies will be complemented by detailed measurements of elastic and transition form factors, determining the dynamics underlying the quark-gluon structure through measure- ments of their high-momentum-transfer behavior and providing essential constraints on their description. • The Physics of Nuclei. A broad and diversified program of measurements that (taken together with the hadron studies outlined above) aims to provide a firm intellectual under- pinning for all of nuclear physics by answering the question “How does the phenomenological description of nuclei as nucleons interacting via an effective interaction parameterized using meson exchange arise from the underlying dynamics of quarks and gluons?” It has two main components: The emergence of nuclei from QCD. Experiments aimed at understanding how the description of nuclei in terms of nucleons interacting via the N ? N force arises from the more fundamental QCD description. It includes the investigation of the partonic structure of nuclei, of short range structures in nuclei, and of the modification of the quark-gluon structure of the nucleons and mesons by the nuclear environment. Fundamental QCD processes in the nuclear arena. Experiments aimed at under- standing how hadron-hadron interactions arise from the underlying quark-gluon struc- ture of QCD. • Tests of the Standard Model of electro-weak interactions and the determination of fundamental parameters of this model. Precision, parity-violating electron scat- tering experiments made feasible by the 12 GeV Upgrade have the sensitivity to search for deviations from the Standard Model that could signal the presence of new physics. Preci- sion measurements of the two-photon decay widths and transition form factors of the three neutral pseudoscalar mesons ?0, ?, and ? via the Primakoff effect will lead to a significant improvement on our knowledge of chiral symmetry in QCD, in particular on the ratios of quark masses and on chiral anomalies. This science program has expanded significantly since the project was first presented to the Nuclear Sciences Advisory Committee (NSAC) in the form of a White Paper [WP01] produced as part of the 2001-2002 NSAC Long Range Planning Process and since the pre-Conceptual Design Report (pCDR) produced in June 2004 to document the Upgrade science and experimental equipment plans [pCDR]. While focusing on science, this document also provides a brief description of the required detector and accelerator upgrades so that it can serve as an overview of t

Arrington, John; Bernstein, Aron; Brooks, William; Burker, Volker; Cardman, Lawrence; Carlson, Carl; Cates, Gordon; Chen, Jian-Ping; Dzierba, Alex; Ent, Rolf; Elouadrhiri, Latifa; Fenker, Howard; Gao, Haiyan; Gasparian, Ashot; Goity, Jose; Higinbotham, Douglas; Holt, Roy; Hyde, Charles; De Jager, Cornelis; Jeschonnek, Sabine; Ji, Xiangdong; Jiang, Xiangdong; Jones, Mark; Keppel, Cynthia; Kuhn, Sebastian; Kumar, Krishna; Laget, Jean; Mack, David; Meyer, Curtis; Melnitchouk, Wolodymyr; Meziani, Zein-Eddine; Radyushkin, Anatoly; Ramsey-Musolf, Mike; Reimer, Paul; Richards, David; Rondon-Aramayo, Oscar; Salgado, Carlos; Smith, Elton; Schiavilla, Rocco; Souder, Paul; Stoler, Paul; Thomas, Anthony; Ulmer, Paul; Weinstein, Lawrence; Weiss, Christian

2005-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

Feasibility study of upgrading Byllesby and Buck power plants on the New River in the Commonwealth of Virginia  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The feasibility of upgrading alternatives of the 66-year-old Byllesby and Buck hydroelectric developments located on the New River in Virginia was investigated. Evaluation of technical, economic and environmental factors led to the conclusion that modernization of the plants could result in an annual generation increase of 20.2 GWh at a cost of $6.1 million and with a benefit-cost ratio of 2.32. The recommended retrofitting includes replacing existing runners with new, more efficiently designed runners, modifying draft tube and wicker gate, and rewinding the generators. (LCL)

Not Available

1979-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

374

CEBAF UPGRADE CRYOMODULE COMPONENT TESTING IN THE HORIZONTAL TEST BED (HTB)*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CEBAF UPGRADE CRYOMODULE COMPONENT TESTING IN THE HORIZONTAL TEST BED (HTB)* I. E. Campisi , B The planned upgrade of the CEBAF electron accelerator includes the development of an improved cryomodule. Several components differ substantially from the original CEBAF cryomodule; these include: the new 7-cell

375

DEVELOPMENT AND TESTING OF A PROTOTYPE TUNER FOR THE CEBAF UPGRADE CRYOMODULE*  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

DEVELOPMENT AND TESTING OF A PROTOTYPE TUNER FOR THE CEBAF UPGRADE CRYOMODULE* G. Davis , J developed for CEBAF at Jefferson Lab. The high-gradient, low-current operation of the superconductingHz and resolution of 1Hz that will be used during normal operation [1]. Fig. 1: CEBAF Upgrade Tuner 2 MECHANICAL

376

Silicon Vertex Tracker for PHENIX Upgrade at RHIC: Capabilities and Detector Technology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

From the wealth of data obtained from the first three years of RHIC operation, the four RHIC experiments, BRAHMS, PHENIX, PHOBOS and STAR, have concluded that a high density partonic matter is formed at central Au+Au collisions at 200 GeV. The research focus now shifts from initial discovery to a detailed exploration of partonic matter. Particles carrying heavy flavor, i.e. charm or beauty quarks, are powerful tool for study the properties of the hot and dense medium created in high-energy nuclear collisions at RHIC. At the relatively low transverse momentum region, the collective motion of the heavy flavor will be a sensitive signal for the thermalization of light flavors. An upgrade of RHIC (RHIC-II) is intended for the second half of the decade, with a luminosity increase to about 20-40 times the design value of 8x1026 cm-2 s-1 for Au+Au, and 2x1032 cm-2 s-1 for polarized proton beams. The PHENIX collaboration plans to upgrade its experiment to exploit with an enhanced detector new physics then in reach. For this purpose, we are constructing the Silicon Vertex Tracker (VTX). The VTX detector will provide us the tool to measure new physics observables that are not accessible at the present RHIC or available only with very limited accuracy. The VTX detector consists of four layers of barrel detectors located in the region of pseudorapidity |eta| technology choices used in the design, performance of individual silicon sensor and silicon detector prototype.

Rachid Nouicer; for the PHENIX Collaboration

2008-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

377

EA-1321: Proposed Upgrade and Improvement of The National Synchrotron Light  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

21: Proposed Upgrade and Improvement of The National 21: Proposed Upgrade and Improvement of The National Synchrotron Light Source Complex at Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York EA-1321: Proposed Upgrade and Improvement of The National Synchrotron Light Source Complex at Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York SUMMARY This EA evaluates the environmental impacts for the proposal to upgrade the facilities of the U.S. Department of Energy's National Synchrotron Light Source Complex, namely the National Synchrotron Light Source, the Accelerator Test Facility and the Source Development Laboratory. PUBLIC COMMENT OPPORTUNITIES None available at this time. DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE FOR DOWNLOAD December 12, 2001 EA-1321: Finding of No Significant Impact Proposed Upgrade and Improvement of The National Synchrotron Light Source

378

Rebates Cut the Price of Big-Time Efficiency Upgrades | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Rebates Cut the Price of Big-Time Efficiency Upgrades Rebates Cut the Price of Big-Time Efficiency Upgrades Rebates Cut the Price of Big-Time Efficiency Upgrades February 22, 2010 - 5:52pm Addthis One of the smartest ways for homeowners to save money on major appliance upgrades is to hook into an energy efficiency rebate program. The Neighborhood Energy Connection (NEC), a non-profit organization in St. Paul, Minnesota, helps local residents take advantage of Xcel Energy's rebate programs that cut the cost of whole-house energy efficiency upgrades. It can start with a visit from the "Home Energy Squad", a program offered jointly by Xcel Energy and CenterPoint Energy, the local energy providers (NEC implements the program for Xcel Energy). The Energy Squad installs simple efficiency-improving products such as compact fluorescent

379

Plains & Eastern Clean Line Project Proposal for New or Upgraded  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Plains & Eastern Clean Line Project Proposal for New or Upgraded Plains & Eastern Clean Line Project Proposal for New or Upgraded Transmission Line Projects Under Section 1222 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 Plains & Eastern Clean Line Project Proposal for New or Upgraded Transmission Line Projects Under Section 1222 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 Plains & Eastern Clean Line Project Proposal for New or Upgraded Transmission Line Projects Under Section 1222 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (July 2010) Update to Plains & Eastern Clean Line Project Proposal for New or Upgraded Transmission Line Projects Under Section 1222 of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (August 2011) More Documents & Publications EIS-0486: Notice of Intent and Notice of Potential Floodplain and Wetland Involvement Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement for the

380

Microsoft Word - CX-Olympia-SouthElma_upgrades_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

0, 2011 0, 2011 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Chad Hamel Project Manager - TEP-TPP-1 Proposed Action: The project consists of upgrades to the Olympia-South Elma No. 1, 115-kV transmission line from structure 21/10 to Elma Substation. Budget Information: Work Order #251089 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B4.6 Additions or modifications to electric power transmission facilities that would not effect the environment beyond the previously developed facility area including but not limited to....tower modifications, changing insulators, and replacement of poles ...conductors...and crossarms. Location: The project is located in Grays Harbor County, Washington along Bonneville Power

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "require upgrading increasing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Energy Star Building Upgrade Manual Retrocommissioning Chapter 5  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

5. Retrocommissioning 5. Retrocommissioning Revised October 2007 5. Overview 2 Energy and Non-energy Benefits 3 5.2 Project Planning 5 Selecting a Project 5 Benchmarking 5 Selecting a Provider and Team 6 Developing a Scope of Work 7 5.3 Project Execution 7 Implementing the Recommendations 8 Maintaining the Benefits 9 Planning for Recommissioning 10 5.4 Tune-up Opportunities  Lighting 11 Supplemental Loads 12 Distribution Systems 13 Heating and Cooling Systems 14 5.5 Summary 6 Bibliography 7 Glossary G- ENERGY STAR ® Building Manual 2 5. Retrocommissioning 5. Overview Retrocommissioning is the first stage in the building upgrade process. The staged approach accounts for the interactions among all the energy flows in a building (Figure 5.1) and pro-

382

Switchyards Rebuild and Upgrade Project in Mohave County, Arizona  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

. . Categorical Exclusion for the Demolition of a Service Building at Davis Dam Lower 230-kV Switchyard as part of the Overall Switchyards Rebuild and Upgrade Project in Mohave County, Arizona RECORD OF CATEGORICAL EXCLUSION DETERMINATION A. Proposed Action: Western Area Power Administration (Western) plans to demolish a service building located in the Lower 230-kV Switchyard at Davis Dam, because it no longer meets our needs and we do not anticipate finding a use for it in the future. The building is currently vacant and has been for years. We plan to begin the work on April 1 ,2011 and complete it by December 31,2011. The attached map shows the project area location. Aerial photographs show that much of this area is developed. Western owns the land. The legal description is

383

Microsoft PowerPoint - ATLAS_upgrade_physics_program  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Guy Savard Guy Savard Argonne National Laboratory and University of Chicago Science with the ATLAS Efficiency and Intensity Upgrade ATLAS Users Meeting August 8-9 2009 2 G. Savard 2009 ATLAS S&T Review May 18-19, 2009 Outline Evolving landscape for low-energy nuclear physics Self-assessment of ATLAS present and near future program Process followed to evaluate near and longer term physics program needs and role in community Option proposed - Physics - Machine - Instrumentation 3 G. Savard 2009 ATLAS S&T Review May 18-19, 2009 The new landscape: what is coming to a town near us ---- FRIB ---- At full power - Fast beams - Reaccelerated beams at a few % of that Starts operating ~ 2017-18

384

Microsoft Word - Noxon Radio Station Upgrade CX.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5, 2011 5, 2011 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEC-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearence Memorandum David Tripp - TEP-CSB-1 Proposed Action: Noxon Radio Station Upgrade Project Budget Information: Work Order # 00254987 Task 03 Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021: B1.7 "Acquisition, installation, operation, and removal of communication systems..." Location: Sanders County, Montana - Section 33, Township 26 North, Range 32 West of the Noxon Rapids Dam Quadrangle Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: BPA proposes to replace the existing building at Noxon Radio Station with a new 650 square foot building. The existing building, especially the floor, is deteriorating

385

Mold Heating and Cooling Pump Package Operator Interface Controls Upgrade  

SciTech Connect

The modernization of the Mold Heating and Cooling Pump Package Operator Interface (MHC PP OI) consisted of upgrading the antiquated single board computer with a proprietary operating system to off-the-shelf hardware and off-the-shelf software with customizable software options. The pump package is the machine interface between a central heating and cooling system that pumps heat transfer fluid through an injection or compression mold base on a local plastic molding machine. The operator interface provides the intelligent means of controlling this pumping process. Strict temperature control of a mold allows the production of high quality parts with tight tolerances and low residual stresses. The products fabricated are used on multiple programs.

Josh A. Salmond

2009-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

386

Space reactor fuel element testing in upgraded TREAT  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The testing of candidate fuel elements at prototypic operating conditions with respect to temperature, power density, hydrogen coolant flow rate, etc., a crucial component in the development and qualification of nuclear rocket engines based on the Particle Bed Reactor (PBR), NERVA-derivative, and other concepts. Such testing may be performed at existing reactors, or at new facilities. A scoping study has been performed to assess the feasibility of testing PBR based fuel elements at the TREAT reactor. initial results suggest that full-scale PBR, elements could be tested at an average energy deposition of {approximately}60--80 MW-s/L in the current TREAT reactor. If the TREAT reactor was upgraded to include fuel elements with a higher temperature limit, average energy deposition of {approximately}100 MW/L may be achievable.

Todosow, M.; Bezler, P.; Ludewig, H.; Kato, W.Y.

1993-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

387

Space reactor fuel element testing in upgraded TREAT  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The testing of candidate fuel elements at prototypic operating conditions with respect to temperature, power density, hydrogen coolant flow rate, etc., a crucial component in the development and qualification of nuclear rocket engines based on the Particle Bed Reactor (PBR), NERVA-derivative, and other concepts. Such testing may be performed at existing reactors, or at new facilities. A scoping study has been performed to assess the feasibility of testing PBR based fuel elements at the TREAT reactor. initial results suggest that full-scale PBR, elements could be tested at an average energy deposition of {approximately}60--80 MW-s/L in the current TREAT reactor. If the TREAT reactor was upgraded to include fuel elements with a higher temperature limit, average energy deposition of {approximately}100 MW/L may be achievable.

Todosow, M.; Bezler, P.; Ludewig, H.; Kato, W.Y.

1993-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

388

Integrated EM & Thermal Simulations with Upgraded VORPAL Software  

SciTech Connect

Nuclear physics accelerators are powered by microwaves which must travel in waveguides between room-temperature sources and the cryogenic accelerator structures. The ohmic heat load from the microwaves is affected by the temperature-dependent surface resistance and in turn affects the cryogenic thermal conduction problem. Integrated EM & thermal analysis of this difficult non-linear problem is now possible with the VORPAL finite-difference time-domain simulation tool. We highlight thermal benchmarking work with a complex HOM feed-through geometry, done in collaboration with researchers at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Laboratory, and discuss upcoming design studies with this emerging tool. This work is part of an effort to generalize the VORPAL framework to include generalized PDE capabilities, for wider multi-physics capabilities in the accelerator, vacuum electronics, plasma processing and fusion R&D fields, and we will also discuss user interface and algorithmic upgrades which facilitate this emerging multiphysics capability.

D.N. Smithe, D. Karipides, P. Stoltz, G. Cheng, H. Wang

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

GAS/LIQUID MEMBRANES FOR NATURAL GAS UPGRADING  

SciTech Connect

Efforts this quarter have concentrated on legal agreements, including alternative field sites. Preliminary design of the bench-scale equipment continues. Gas Technology Institute (GTI) is conducting this research program whose objective is to develop gas/liquid membranes for natural gas upgrading to assist DOE in achieving their goal of developing novel methods of upgrading low quality natural gas to meet pipeline specifications. Kvaerner Process Systems (KPS) and W. L. Gore & Associates (GORE) gas/liquid membrane contactors are based on expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) membranes acting as the contacting barrier between the contaminated gas stream and the absorbing liquid. These resilient membranes provide much greater surface area for transfer than other tower internals, with packing densities five to ten times greater, resulting in equipment 50--70% smaller and lower weight for the same treating service. The scope of the research program is to (1) build and install a laboratory- and a field-scale gas/liquid membrane absorber; (2) operate the units with a low quality natural gas feed stream for sufficient time to verify the simulation model of the contactors and to project membrane life in this severe service; and (3) conducted an economic evaluation, based on the data, to quantify the impact of the technology. Chevron, one of the major producers of natural gas, has offered to host the test at a gas treating plant. KPS will use their position as a recognized leader in the construction of commercial amine plants for building the unit along with GORE providing the membranes. GTI will provide operator and data collection support during lab- and field-testing to assure proper analytical procedures are used. Kvaerner and GTI will perform the final economic evaluation. GTI will provide project management and be responsible for reporting and interactions with DOE on this project.

Howard S. Meyer

2002-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

390

Competition Requirements  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Chapter 6.1 (July 2011) Chapter 6.1 (July 2011) 1 Competition Requirements [Reference: FAR 6 and DEAR 906] Overview This section discusses competition requirements and provides a model Justification for Other than Full and Open Competition (JOFOC). Background The Competition in Contracting Act (CICA) of 1984 requires that all acquisitions be made using full and open competition. Seven exceptions to using full and open competition are specifically identified in Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) Subpart 6.3. Documentation justifying the use of any of these exceptions is required. The exception, with supporting documentation, must be certified and approved at certain levels that vary according to the dollar value of the

391

Competition Requirements  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

----------------------------------------------- ---------------------------------------- Chapter 6.1 (February 2011) 1 Competition Requirements [Reference: FAR 6 and DEAR 906] Overview This section discusses competition requirements and provides a model Justification for Other than Full and Open Competition (JOFOC). Background The Competition in Contracting Act (CICA) of 1984 requires that all acquisitions be made using full and open competition. Seven exceptions to using full and open competition are specifically identified in Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) Subpart 6.3. Documentation justifying the use of any of these exceptions is required. The exception, with supporting documentation, must

392

Proposal concerning the participation of CERN in the procurement of depleted-uranium sheets for the UA1 calorimeter upgrading  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Proposal concerning the participation of CERN in the procurement of depleted-uranium sheets for the UA1 calorimeter upgrading

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Competition Requirements  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Chapter 6.1 (April 2009) Chapter 6.1 (April 2009) Competition Requirements [Reference: FAR 6 and DEAR 906] Overview This section discusses competition requirements and provides a model Justification for Other than Full and Open Competition (JOFOC). Background The Competition in Contracting Act (CICA) of 1984 requires that all acquisitions be made using full and open competition. Seven exceptions to using full and open competition are specifically identified in FAR Part 6. Documentation justifying the use of any of these exceptions is required. The exception, with supporting documentation, must be certified and approved at certain levels that vary according to the dollar value of the acquisition. The information that must be included in each justification is

394

Competition Requirements  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Chapter 6.1 (April 2010) Chapter 6.1 (April 2010) 1 Competition Requirements [Reference: FAR 6 and DEAR 906] Overview This section discusses competition requirements and provides a model Justification for Other than Full and Open Competition (JOFOC). Background The Competition in Contracting Act (CICA) of 1984 requires that all acquisitions be made using full and open competition. Seven exceptions to using full and open competition are specifically identified in Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) Subpart 6.3. Documentation justifying the use of any of these exceptions is required. The exception, with supporting documentation, must be certified and approved at certain levels that vary according to the dollar value of the acquisition. The information that must be included in each justification is identified in FAR

395

School requirements  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

a smooth surface and no "lip". Some presentations require AV equipment such as LCD or overhead projectors. A wireless microphone and sound system may be helpful to ensure that...

396

Required Documents  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Required Documents Required Documents Required Documents All foreign nationals, including students and postdocs, must select the foreign nationals employment category to complete the new-hire process. Contact (505) 665-7158 Email Complete following forms before New-Hire Orientation Be sure to bring the forms with you for the orientation event, but do not sign and date: Form I-9, Employment Eligibility Verification (pdf) - original, unexpired documents for verification of employment eligibility. Please refer to the I-9 verification form titled, "Lists of Acceptable Documents", which was included with your offer letter. (Laminated documents or hospital/temporary birth certificates are not accepted.) Note: Failure to provide required documents will result in delay and/or

397

Microsoft Word - CX-HatwaiSubstationUpgradesFY11_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

18, 2011 18, 2011 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEP-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Brett Sherer Project Manager - KEP-4 Proposed Action: Upgrade of secondary containment facilities at Hatwai Substation Budget Information: Work Order: 00004952 Categorical Exclusion Applied (Appendix B to Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B4.6: Additions or modifications to electric power transmission facilities that would not affect the environment beyond the previously developed facility area including, but not limited to: switchyard rock grounding upgrades, secondary containment projects, paving projects, seismic upgrading, tower modifications, changing insulators, and replacement of poles, circuit breakers, conductors, transformers, and crossarms.

398

Microsoft Word - CX-AlveyMaintenanceHQ_PoleStorageUpgrade_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4 4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Brett Sherer Project Manager - KEP-4 Proposed Action: Environmental protection system upgrades at pole storage facility at Alvey Maintenance Headquarters. Budget Information: Work Order #00283226 Categorical Exclusion Applied (Appendix B to Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B4.6: Additions or modifications to electric power transmission facilities that would not affect the environment beyond the previously developed facility area including, but not limited to, switchyard rock grounding upgrades, secondary containment projects, paving projects, seismic upgrading, tower modifications, changing insulators, and replacement of poles, circuit breakers, conductors, transformers, and crossarms.

399

Physics Design of a 28 GHz Electron Heating System for the National Spherical Torus Experiment Upgrade  

SciTech Connect

A megawatt-level, 28 GHz electron heating system is being designed to support non-inductive (NI) plasma current (I{sub p}) start-up and local heating and current drive (CD) in H-mode discharges in the National Spherical Torus Experiment Upgrade (NSTX-U). The development of fully NI I{sub p} start-up and ramp-up is an important goal of the NSTX-U research program. 28 GHz electron cyclotron (EC) heating is predicted to rapidly increase the central electron temperature (T{sub e}(0)) of low density NI plasmas generated by Coaxial Helicity Injection (CHI). The increased T{sub e}(0) will significantly reduce the Ip decay rate of CHI plasmas, allowing the coupling of fast wave heating and neutral beam injection. Also 28 GHz electron Bernstein wave (EBW) heating and CD can be used during the I{sub p} flat top in NSTX-U discharges when the plasma is overdense. Ray tracing and Fokker-Planck numerical simulation codes have been used to model EC and EBW heating and CD in NSTX-U. This paper presents a pre-conceptual design for the 28 GHz heating system and some of the results from the numerical simulations.

none,

2013-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

400

Novel Fast Pyrolysis/Catalytic Technology for the Production of Stable Upgraded Liquids  

SciTech Connect

The objective of the proposed research is the demonstration and development of a novel biomass pyrolysis technology for the production of a stable bio-oil. The approach is to carry out catalytic hydrodeoxygenation (HDO) and upgrading together with pyrolysis in a single fluidized bed reactor with a unique two-level design that permits the physical separation of the two processes. The hydrogen required for the HDO will be generated in the catalytic section by the water-gas shift reaction employing recycled CO produced from the pyrolysis reaction itself. Thus, the use of a reactive recycle stream is another innovation in this technology. The catalysts will be designed in collaboration with BASF Catalysts LLC (formerly Engelhard Corporation), a leader in the manufacture of attrition-resistant cracking catalysts. The proposed work will include reactor modeling with state-of-the-art computational fluid dynamics in a supercomputer, and advanced kinetic analysis for optimization of bio-oil production. The stability of the bio-oil will be determined by viscosity, oxygen content, and acidity determinations in real and accelerated measurements. A multi-faceted team has been assembled to handle laboratory demonstration studies and computational analysis for optimization and scaleup.

Ted Oyama, Foster Agblevor, Francine Battaglia, Michael Klein

2013-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "require upgrading increasing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Darlington tritium removal facility and station upgrading plant dynamic process simulation  

SciTech Connect

Ontario Power Generation Nuclear (OPGN) has a 4 x 880 MWe CANDU nuclear station at its Darlington Nuclear Div. located in Bowmanville. The station has been operating a Tritium Removal Facility (TRF) and a D{sub 2}O station Upgrading Plant (SUP) since 1989. Both facilities were designed with a Distributed Control System (DCS) and programmable logic controllers (PLC) for process control. This control system was replaced with a DCS only, in 1998. A dynamic plant simulator was developed for the Darlington TRF (DTRF) and the SUP, as part of the computer control system replacement. The simulator was used to test the new software, required to eliminate the PLCs. The simulator is now used for operator training and testing of process control software changes prior to field installation. Dynamic simulation will be essential for the ITER isotope separation system, where the process is more dynamic than the relatively steady-state DTRF process. This paper describes the development and application of the DTRF and SUP dynamic simulator, its benefits, architecture, and the operational experience with the simulator. (authors)

Busigin, A. [NITEK USA, Inc., 6405 NW 77 PL, Parkland, FL 33067 (United States); Williams, G. I. D.; Wong, T. C. W.; Kulczynski, D.; Reid, A. [Ontario Power Generation Nuclear, Box 4000, Bowmanville, ON L1C 3Z8 (Canada)

2008-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

402

FPGA-based Upgrade to RITS-6 Control System, Designed with EMP Considerations  

SciTech Connect

The existing control system for the RITS-6, a 20-MA 3-MV pulsed-power accelerator located at Sandia National Laboratories, was built as a system of analog switches because the operators needed to be close enough to the machine to hear pulsed-power breakdowns, yet the electromagnetic pulse (EMP) emitted would disable any processor-based solutions. The resulting system requires operators to activate and deactivate a series of 110-V relays manually in a complex order. The machine is sensitive to both the order of operation and the time taken between steps. A mistake in either case would cause a misfire and possible machine damage. Based on these constraints, a field-programmable gate array (FPGA) was chosen as the core of a proposed upgrade to the control system. An FPGA is a series of logic elements connected during programming. Based on their connections, the elements can mimic primitive logic elements, a process called synthesis. The circuit is static; all paths exist simultaneously and do not depend on a processor. This should make it less sensitive to EMP. By shielding it and using good electromagnetic interference-reduction practices, it should continue to operate well in the electrically noisy environment. The FPGA has two advantages over the existing system. In manual operation mode, the synthesized logic gates keep the operators in sequence. In addition, a clock signal and synthesized countdown circuit provides an automated sequence, with adjustable delays, for quickly executing the time-critical portions of charging and firing. The FPGA is modeled as a set of states, each state being a unique set of values for the output signals. The state is determined by the input signals, and in the automated segment by the value of the synthesized countdown timer, with the default mode placing the system in a safe configuration. Unlike a processor-based system, any system stimulus that results in an abort situation immediately executes a shutdown, with only a tens-of-nanoseconds delay to propagate across the FPGA. This paper discusses the design, installation, and testing of the proposed system upgrade, including failure statistics and modifications to the original design.

Harold D. Anderson, John T. Williams

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

BENCHMARKING UPGRADED HOTSPOT DOSE CALCULATIONS AGAINST MACCS2 RESULTS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The radiological consequence of interest for a documented safety analysis (DSA) is the centerline Total Effective Dose Equivalent (TEDE) incurred by the Maximally Exposed Offsite Individual (MOI) evaluated at the 95th percentile consequence level. An upgraded version of HotSpot (Version 2.07) has been developed with the capabilities to read site meteorological data and perform the necessary statistical calculations to determine the 95th percentile consequence result. These capabilities should allow HotSpot to join MACCS2 (Version 1.13.1) and GENII (Version 1.485) as radiological consequence toolbox codes in the Department of Energy (DOE) Safety Software Central Registry. Using the same meteorological data file, scenarios involving a one curie release of {sup 239}Pu were modeled in both HotSpot and MACCS2. Several sets of release conditions were modeled, and the results compared. In each case, input parameter specifications for each code were chosen to match one another as much as the codes would allow. The results from the two codes are in excellent agreement. Slight differences observed in results are explained by algorithm differences.

Brotherton, Kevin

2009-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

404

The LHCb Vertex Locator performance and Vertex Locator upgrade  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

LHCb is an experiment dedicated to the study of new physics in the decays of beauty and charm hadrons at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN. The Vertex Locator (VELO) is the silicon detector surrounding the LHCb interaction point. The detector operates in a severe and highly non-uniform radiation environment. The small pitch and analogue readout result in a best single hit precision of 4 $\\rm \\mu$m. The upgrade of the LHCb experiment, planned for 2018, will transform the entire readout to a trigger-less system operating at 40 MHz event rate. The vertex detector will have to cope with radiation levels up to 10$^{16}$ 1 MeV$\\rm n_{eq}/cm^2$, more than an order of magnitude higher than those expected at the current experiment. A solution is under development with a pixel detector, based on the Timepix/Medipix family of chips with 55 x 55 $\\rm \\mu m$ pixels. In addition a micro-strip solution is also under development, with finer pitch, higher granularity and lower mass than the current detector. The current status of the VELO will be described together with recent testbeam results.

Pablo Rodríguez Pérez; for the LHCb VELO Group; for the VELO Upgrade group

2012-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

405

Prototype of time digitizing system for BESIII endcap TOF upgrade  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The prototype of time digitizing system for the upgrade of BESIII endcap TOF (ETOF) is introduced in this paper. The ETOF readout electronics has a formation of distributed architecture that hit signal from multi-gap resistive plate chamber (MRPC) is signaled as LVDS by front-end electronics (FEE) and sent to the back-end time digitizing system via long shield differential twisted pair cables. The ETOF digitizing system consists of 2 VME crates each of which contains modules of time digitizing, clock, trigger and fast control etc. The time digitizing module (TDIG) of this prototype can support up to 72 electrical channels of hit information measurement. The fast control (FCTL) module can operate at barrel or endcap mode. The barrel FCTL fans fast control signals from the trigger system out to endcap FCTLs, merges data from endcaps and transfers to the trigger system. Without modifying the barrel TOF structure, this time digitizing architecture benefits for improving ETOF performance without degrading barrel TOF measuring. Lab experiments show that the time resolution of this digitizing system can be less than 20ps, and the data throughput to DAQ can be about 92Mbps. Beam experiments show that the complete time resolution can be less than 45ps.

Cao Ping; Sun Wei-Jia; Ji Xiao-Lu; Fan Huan-Huan; Wang Si-Yu; Liu Shu-Bin; An Qi

2013-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

406

High Gradient Operation with the CEBAF Upgrade RF Control System  

SciTech Connect

The CEBAF Accelerator at Jefferson Lab is presently a 6 GeV five pass electron accelerator consisting of two superconducting linacs joined by independent magnetic transport arcs. Energy will be upgraded to 12 GeV with the addition of 10 new high gradient cryomodules (17+ MV/m). The higher gradients pose significant challenges beyond what the present analog low level RF (LLRF) control systems can handle reliably; therefore, a new LLRF control system is needed. A prototype system has been developed incorporating a large FPGA and using digital down and up conversion to minimize the need for analog components. The new system is more flexible and less susceptible to drifts and component nonlinearities. Because resonance control is critical to reach high gradients quickly, the new cryomodules will include a piezoelectric tuner for each cavity, and the LLRF controls must incorporate both feedback and feed-forward methods to achieve optimal resonance control performance. This paper discusses development of the new RF system, system performance for phase and amplitude stability and resonance control under Lorentz detuning measured during recent tests on a prototype cryomodule.

J. Hovater; G. Davis; Hai Dong; Alicia Hofler; Lawrence King; John Musson; Tomasz Plawski

2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

407

Solar Classroom Update: Making Clean Energy Upgrades a Back-to-School  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Classroom Update: Making Clean Energy Upgrades a Classroom Update: Making Clean Energy Upgrades a Back-to-School Priority Solar Classroom Update: Making Clean Energy Upgrades a Back-to-School Priority August 21, 2013 - 2:52pm Addthis Watch as Aaron Sebens, a fourth-grade teacher in Durham, North Carolina, gives an update on his student's solar-powered classroom project. Erin R. Pierce Erin R. Pierce Digital Communications Specialist, Office of Public Affairs Clean Energy Resources Watch our first video on the solar-powered classroom. Check out Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory's guide on planning and financing energy upgrades for schools. Visit Energy Saver for more resources on saving energy and money. This week, Energy.gov is heading back to school. We'll be featuring stories on the role students and schools play in driving America's energy

408

EA-1906: Operations, Consolidation, and Upgrades at the Office of Secure  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6: Operations, Consolidation, and Upgrades at the Office of 6: Operations, Consolidation, and Upgrades at the Office of Secure Transportation Western Command Site, Albuquerque, NM EA-1906: Operations, Consolidation, and Upgrades at the Office of Secure Transportation Western Command Site, Albuquerque, NM Summary This EA evaluates environmental impacts associated with the siting and construction of several proposed buildings, including a new vehicle maintenance facility and mobile equipment maintenance building (and their support structures) at the Western Command Site, Albuquerque, NM. Public Comment Opportunities None available at this time. Documents Available for Download July 10, 2012 EA-1906: Finding of No Significant Impact Operations, Upgrades, and Consolidation at the Western Command Site, NM July 10, 2012 EA-1906: Final Environmental Assessment

409

Saving Money on Your Energy-Saving Upgrades | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Saving Money on Your Energy-Saving Upgrades Saving Money on Your Energy-Saving Upgrades Saving Money on Your Energy-Saving Upgrades August 16, 2011 - 11:17am Addthis Eric Barendsen Energy Technology Program Specialist, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Summer is one of the best times of the year to get motivated to make those energy efficiency upgrades on your to-do list, and the Department of Energy can point you to some incentives to make the initial investment more affordable. Energy-saving products will save you considerable money over the long term, helping these products pay for themselves and significantly reducing your monthly energy bills. Homeowners ready to take advantage of the savings should check out the energy efficiency tax credits offered through the IRS and promoted by the

410

EA-1948: Gila-North Gila Rebuild and Upgrade Project, Yuma County, Arizona  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

48: Gila-North Gila Rebuild and Upgrade Project, Yuma County, 48: Gila-North Gila Rebuild and Upgrade Project, Yuma County, Arizona EA-1948: Gila-North Gila Rebuild and Upgrade Project, Yuma County, Arizona SUMMARY DOE's Western Area Power Administration (Western) is preparing an EA to analyze the potential environmental impacts of a proposal to rebuild and upgrade two parallel 4.8-mile transmission lines between the Gila and North Gila Substations and take actions in support of portions of Arizona Public Service's construction of a new, 12.8 mile 230-kV transmission line between North Gila and a proposed substation in Yuma County, Arizona. The U.S. Bureau of Reclamation and U.S. Army Corps of Engineers are cooperating agencies. PUBLIC COMMENT OPPORTUNITIES Send comments on the Draft Environmental Assessment by January 21, 2014, by

411

U.S. And Russia Complete Nuclear Security Upgrades Under Bratislava  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

And Russia Complete Nuclear Security Upgrades Under Bratislava And Russia Complete Nuclear Security Upgrades Under Bratislava Initiative U.S. And Russia Complete Nuclear Security Upgrades Under Bratislava Initiative December 23, 2008 - 9:18am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC -The U.S. Department of Energy today delivered the Bratislava Nuclear Security report to the White House, which detailed the status of work agreed to by Presidents Bush and Putin in Bratislava in 2005. U.S. and Russian officials from the U.S. Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), the U.S. Department of Defense, the Russian Ministry of Defense and State Atomic Energy Corporation "Rosatom" reviewed work to complete nuclear security upgrades in Russia at meetings in Moscow last week. Building on this success, both

412

Microsoft Word - CX-BettasRd-ColumbiaThermalUpgradeFY12_WEB.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

25, 2012 25, 2012 REPLY TO ATTN OF: KEPR-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Chad Hamel Project Manager - TEP-TPP-1 Proposed Action: Bettas Road-Columbia No. 1 230-kV transmission line thermal upgrade Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): Appendix B4.13, Upgrading and rebuilding existing powerlines Location: Kittitas and Chelan counties, WA Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: The project, as proposed, is to upgrade the existing Bettas Road-Columbia No. 1 230-kV transmission line to a maximum operating temperature of 100 °C. Five small segments (equal to approximately 3 miles) along the transmission line will be upgraded in order to meet this overall objective. Construction includes the relocation and

413

FY 2013 Reactor Upgrades FOA (DE-FOA-0000815) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

3 Reactor Upgrades FOA (DE-FOA-0000815) 3 Reactor Upgrades FOA (DE-FOA-0000815) FY 2013 Reactor Upgrades FOA (DE-FOA-0000815) This Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) is the fiscal year 2013 solicitation for Nuclear Energy University Programs (NEUP) University Reactor Upgrades Infrastructure Support for the Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Nuclear Energy (NE). The development of nuclear energy-related infrastructure and basic capabilities in the university and college community is necessary to promote R&D that supports nuclear science and engineering (NS&E), DOE-NE's mission, and the Nation's nuclear energy challenges. Accordingly, we intend to enable the education and training of nuclear scientists, engineers, and policy-makers in graduate and undergraduate study and two-year programs, as well as R&D that is relevant to the

414

Test Results of HD1b, an upgraded 16 Tesla Nb3Sn Dipole Magnet  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of HD1b, an Upgraded 16 Tesla Nb 3 Sn Dipole Magnet A. F.a peak bore-field of 16 Tesla, using two, flat-racetrack,

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Project Management Guidance when Upgrading Steam Turbines at Nuclear and Fossil Power Plants  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Many power producers upgrade steam turbines to gain megawatts (MW) instead of installing new capacity for a variety of reasons. The engineering challenges encounteredwhen managing procurement and adequately analyzing plant support systems affected by this upgradeare becoming more pronounced.

2007-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

416

All that glitters is not gold : unexpected lessons from a slum upgrading program in Brazil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper looks at the Ribeira Azul Slum Upgrading Program in Salvador de Bahia Brazil, implemented by the development agency of the state of Bahia, CONDER, and the Italian NGO Associazione Volontari per il Servizio ...

Zuin, Valentina

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

EIS-0484: Montana-to-Washington Transmission System Upgrade Project in  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

4: Montana-to-Washington Transmission System Upgrade Project 4: Montana-to-Washington Transmission System Upgrade Project in Washington, Idaho, and Montana EIS-0484: Montana-to-Washington Transmission System Upgrade Project in Washington, Idaho, and Montana SUMMARY This EIS will evaluate the environmental impacts of a proposal to replace roughly 12 miles of transmission line on the Taft-Dworshak 500-kV transmission line, install new series capacitors on the Garrison-Taft 500-kV transmission line, and perform various upgrades to Bell, Hatwai, Dworshak, Garrison, and Hot Springs substations. The project website is http://efw.bpa.gov/environmental_services/Document_Library/M2W/. PUBLIC COMMENT OPPORTUNITIES None available at this time. DOCUMENTS AVALABLE FOR DOWNLOAD May 3, 2012 EIS-0484: Notice of Intent to Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement

418

Competition Requirements  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

--------------------------- Chapter 6.5 (January 2011) 1 Competition Advocate Responsibilities [Reference: FAR 6.5, FAR 7 and DEAR 906.501] Overview This section discusses the competition advocate requirements and provides a Federal Procurement Data System-New Generation (FPDS-NG) coding assistance sheet and screen shots for the FPDS-NG Competition Report. Background FAR Part 6.5, -Competition Advocates,‖ implements section 20 of the Office of Federal Procurement Policy Act, which requires the head of each executive agency to designate an Agency Competition Advocate and Procuring Activity Advocates (hereafter referred to as Activity Competition Advocates). In accordance with DEAR 906.501, the Secretary of

419

Case Study: Georgia-Pacific Reduces Outside Fuel Costs and Increases Process Efficiency with Insulation Upgrade Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A Georgia-Pacific plywood plant located in Madison, Georgia recently decided to insulate their steam lines for energy conservation, improved process efficiency and personnel protection. The goal of the project was to eliminate dependency on purchased fuel. Georgia-Pacific realized immediate and significant results and reduced fuel cost by about one third over a one year period.

Jackson, D.

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

420

High Resolution BPM Upgrade for the ATF Damping Ring at KEK  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A beam position monitor (BPM) upgrade at the KEK Accelerator Test Facility (ATF) damping ring has been accomplished, carried out by a KEK/FNAL/SLAC collaboration under the umbrella of the global ILC R&D effort. The upgrade consists of a high resolution, high reproducibility read-out system, based on analog and processing, and also implements a new automatic gain error correction schema. The technical concept and realization as well as results of beam studies are presented.

Eddy, N; Fellenz, B; Gianfelice-Wendt, E; Prieto, P; Rechenmacher, R; Semenov, A; Voy, D; Wendt, M; Zhang, D; Terunuma, N; Urakawa, J

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "require upgrading increasing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

A novel upgrade path for transparent optical networks based on wavelength reuse  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Passive optical networks (PONs) provide an economical method of delivering a wide variety of services to a small number of customers. Using optical fibre amplifiers, PONs can be aggregated to form transparent optical networks (TONs) serving a very large ... Keywords: WDM TON upgrade, dynamic allocation, effective bandwidth per user, high bandwidth services, optical fibre amplifiers, optical fibre networks, optical filters, passive optical networks, passive routing, telecommunication network routing, transparent optical networks, upgrade path, upstream direction, wavelength division multiplexing, wavelength reuse

V. Tandon; M. Wilby; F. Burton

1995-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

NREL researchers discover ways to increase accuracy in building energy simulations tools to improve predictions of  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

NREL researchers discover ways to increase accuracy in building energy simulations tools to improve calculate heat transfer through building enclosures to verify the benefit of energy efficiency upgrades) analysis to calculate the energy loss/gain through building walls and visualize different heat transfer

423

Competition Requirements  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

- Chapter 5.2 (April 2008) - Chapter 5.2 (April 2008) Synopsizing Proposed Non-Competitive Contract Actions Citing the Authority of FAR 6.302-1 [Reference: FAR 5 and DEAR 905] Overview This section discusses publicizing sole source actions as part of the approval of a Justification for Other than Full and Open Competition (JOFOC) using the authority of FAR 6.302-1. Background The Competition in Contracting Act (CICA) of 1984 requires that all acquisitions be made using full and open competition. Seven exceptions to using full and open competition are specifically identified in FAR Part 6. One exception permits contracting without full and open competition when the required supplies or services are available from only one responsible source (FAR 6.302-1). This exception is

424

Performance of First C100 Cryomodules for the CEBAF 12 GeV Upgrade Project  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility is currently engaged in the 12 GeV Upgrade Project. The goal of the project is a doubling of the available beam energy of CEBAF from 6 GeV to 12 GeV. This increase in beam energy will be due primarily to the construction and installation of ten "C100" cryomodules in the CEBAF linacs. The C100 cryomodules are designed to deliver an average 108 MV each from a string of eight seven-cell, electropolished superconducting RF cavities operating at an average accelerating gradient of 19.2 MV/m. The new cryomodules fit in the same available linac space as the original CEBAF 20 MV cryomodules. Cryomodule production started in September 2010. Initial acceptance testing started in June 2011. The first two C100 cryomodules were installed and tested from August 2011 through October 2011, and successfully operated during the last period of the CEBAF 6 GeV era, which ended in May 2012. This paper will present the results of acceptance testing and commissioning of the C100 style cryomodules to date.

Drury, Michael A. [JLAB; Burrill, Andrew B. [JLAB, Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin fur Materialien und Energie GmbH; Davis, G. Kirk [JLAB; Hogan, John P. [JLAB; King, Lawrence [JLAB; Marhauser, Frank [JLAB; Park, HyeKyoung [JLAB; Preble, Joseph [JLAB; Reece, Charles E. [JLAB; Reilly, Anthony V. [JLAB; Rimmer, Robert A. [JLAB; Wang, Haipeng [JLAB; Wiseman, Mark A. [JLAB

2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

425

Gas utilities to increase outlays  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Despite rising natural gas prices and falling consumer demand for gas, experts predict a 16% increase in US gas transmission and distribution expenditures for 1983. Production and storage outlays will probably decrease because of the current gas surplus. The demand for natural gas has been below production levels since 1981. Increases in residential and commercial requirements have been offset by a drop in industrial use, which represents 50% of total gas demand.

O'Donnell, J.P.

1983-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Upgrade to Improve Time Signal's Coverage / New Intense ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The station's present output power of 10 kilowatts broadcasts a signal strong enough to reach most of the continental United States but requires ...

427

Boiler Upgrades Save Money and Energy: Allergan - Westport  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

years and meets Allergan's requirements for strategic climate and energy projects. Converting to natural gas has also allowed planning for a cogeneration facility to proceed...

428

Hot-electron plasma formation and confinement in the tandem mirror experiment-upgrade  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The tandem mirror experiment-upgrade (TMX-U) at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) is the first experiment to investigate the thermal-barrier tandem-mirror concept. One attractive feature of the tandem magnetic mirror as a commercial power reactor is that the fusion reactions occur in an easily accessible center-cell. On the other hand, complicated end-cells are necessary to provide magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) stability and improved particle confinement of the center-cell plasma. In these end-cells, enhanced confinement is achieved with a particular axial potential profile that is formed with electron-cyclotron range-of-frequency heating (ECRF heating, ECRH). By modifying the loss rates of electrons at spatially distinct locations within the end-cells, the ECRH can tailor the plasma potential profile in the desired fashion. Specifically, the thermal-barrier concept requires generation of a population of energetic electrons near the midplane of each end-cell. To be effective, the transverse (to the magnetic field) spatial structure of the hot-electron plasma must be fairly uniform. In this dissertation we characterize the spatial structure of the ECRH-generated plasma, and determine how the structure builds up in time. Furthermore, the plasma should efficiently absorb the ECRF power, and a large fraction of the electrons must be well confined near the end-cell midplane. Therefore, we also examine in detail the ECRH power balance, determining how the ECRF power is absorbed by the plasma, and the processes through which that power is confined and lost. 43 refs., 69 figs., 6 tabs.

Ress, D.B.

1988-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

429

Appliance Upgrades to Consider for Next Tax Season | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Appliance Upgrades to Consider for Next Tax Season Appliance Upgrades to Consider for Next Tax Season Appliance Upgrades to Consider for Next Tax Season April 15, 2013 - 2:28pm Addthis Solar energy systems are among the renewable and efficiency purchases that are eligible for tax credits. | Photo courtesy of Industrial Solar Technology Corp. Solar energy systems are among the renewable and efficiency purchases that are eligible for tax credits. | Photo courtesy of Industrial Solar Technology Corp. Erik Hyrkas Erik Hyrkas Media Relations Specialist, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy What does this mean for me? If you missed the energy efficiency and renewable energy tax credits for 2012, you can still take advantage of them in 2013. Tax season comes to a close today, and if you missed the energy efficiency

430

Out With the Old, In With the New: New Hampshire Town to Upgrade Lighting |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Out With the Old, In With the New: New Hampshire Town to Upgrade Out With the Old, In With the New: New Hampshire Town to Upgrade Lighting Out With the Old, In With the New: New Hampshire Town to Upgrade Lighting June 17, 2010 - 3:09pm Addthis Stephen Graff Former Writer & editor for Energy Empowers, EERE Newfields, New Hampshire's town hall has a lot of old-time charm worth keeping, with its steeple, rusted-red brick and chimney stacks, but the town lights are ready for a makeover. "Obviously, they don't have gas lamps from the 1800s," jokes Clay Mitchell, Newfields' town planner. "But the lights are old. In the town hall meeting room, they are awful. They are big, fat and hum when you turn them on." Now, with a $2,000 Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant (EECBG) from the U.S. Department of Energy and New Hampshire Office of Energy and

431

Oak Ridge EM Program Upgrades Environmental Database for Public's Ease of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Upgrades Environmental Database for Public's Upgrades Environmental Database for Public's Ease of Use Oak Ridge EM Program Upgrades Environmental Database for Public's Ease of Use October 30, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis Oak Ridge’s environmental database contains data from more than 14 million field samples. These samples provide a clear picture of clean and contaminated areas at the site. Oak Ridge's environmental database contains data from more than 14 million field samples. These samples provide a clear picture of clean and contaminated areas at the site. OAK RIDGE, Tenn. - Oak Ridge is working to remediate contaminated areas in one of the EM program's most diverse and complex cleanup sites due to the research and production that occurred there during the Manhattan Project and Cold War. Oak Ridge employees use an array of tools to educate the public about the

432

Out With the Old, In With the New: New Hampshire Town to Upgrade Lighting |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Out With the Old, In With the New: New Hampshire Town to Upgrade Out With the Old, In With the New: New Hampshire Town to Upgrade Lighting Out With the Old, In With the New: New Hampshire Town to Upgrade Lighting June 17, 2010 - 3:09pm Addthis Stephen Graff Former Writer & editor for Energy Empowers, EERE Newfields, New Hampshire's town hall has a lot of old-time charm worth keeping, with its steeple, rusted-red brick and chimney stacks, but the town lights are ready for a makeover. "Obviously, they don't have gas lamps from the 1800s," jokes Clay Mitchell, Newfields' town planner. "But the lights are old. In the town hall meeting room, they are awful. They are big, fat and hum when you turn them on." Now, with a $2,000 Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant (EECBG) from the U.S. Department of Energy and New Hampshire Office of Energy and

433

Microsoft Word - CX-Big Eddy-TroutdaleUpgradeFY12_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Erich Orth Erich Orth Project Manager - TEP-TPP-3 Proposed Action: Big Eddy - Troutdale No. 1 230 kV Transmission Line Upgrade Categorical Exclusion Applied (from Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): Appendix B4.13, Upgrading and Rebuilding Existing Powerlines. Location: Wasco, Hood River and Clackamas counties, OR Proposed by: Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) Description of the Proposed Action: The project, as proposed, is the thermal upgrade of the BPA Big Eddy - Troutdale No.1 230 kV Transmission Line: Background BPA's Big Eddy - Troutdale No. 1 230-kV transmission line is one of three major transmission lines that cross the Oregon Cascade Mountains. These lines transport The Dalles hydro generation and northwest wind generation output in the east to load centers west of the Cascades, like

434

Program Finds Unique Way to Fund Energy Upgrades | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Program Finds Unique Way to Fund Energy Upgrades Program Finds Unique Way to Fund Energy Upgrades Program Finds Unique Way to Fund Energy Upgrades May 4, 2010 - 11:11am Addthis Stephen Graff Former Writer & editor for Energy Empowers, EERE The $40 million of Recovery Acts funds used for weatherizing more than 6,500 homes over the next two years in Arkansas is a welcomed boost, but Martha Jane Murray of the Clinton Foundation is thinking bigger. "How do we create a more robust delivery system that is not just relying on federal dollars," asks Martha Jane, the program director for the foundation's Arkansas Clinton Climate Initiative (CCI AR). For CCI AR, one answer is the Home Energy Affordability Loan, or HEAL, program. In a unique approach to help chip away at the list of homes in need of weatherization and lower industrial energy consumption, CCI AR developed a

435

Microsoft Word - CX-DixieSubstationUpgradesFY11_WEB.doc  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

KEP-4 KEP-4 SUBJECT: Environmental Clearance Memorandum Brett Sherer Project Manager - KEP-4 Proposed Action: Upgrade of secondary containment facilities at Dixie Substation Budget Information: Work Order: 00004952 Categorical Exclusion Applied (Appendix B to Subpart D, 10 C.F.R. Part 1021): B4.6: Additions or modifications to electric power transmission facilities that would not affect the environment beyond the previously developed facility area including, but not limited to, switchyard rock grounding upgrades, secondary containment projects, paving projects, seismic upgrading, tower modifications, changing insulators, and replacement of poles, circuit breakers, conductors, transformers, and crossarms. Location: PLS T1S R8E S1 Dixie Substation in Elmore County, Idaho.

436

Novel Silicon n-on-p Edgeless Planar Pixel Sensors for the ATLAS upgrade  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In view of the LHC upgrade phases towards HL-LHC, the ATLAS experiment plans to upgrade the Inner Detector with an all-silicon system. The n-on-p silicon technology is a promising candidate for the pixel upgrade thanks to its radiation hardness and cost effectiveness, that allow for enlarging the area instrumented with pixel detectors. We report on the development of novel n-in-p edgeless planar pixel sensors fabricated at FBK (Trento, Italy), making use of the "active edge" concept for the reduction of the dead area at the periphery of the device. After discussing the sensor technology and fabrication process, we present device simulations (pre- and post-irradiation) performed for different sensor configurations. First preliminary results obtained with the test-structures of the production are shown.

M. Bomben; A. Bagolini; M. Boscardin; L. Bosisio; G. Calderini; J. Chauveau; G. Giacomini; A. La Rosa; G. Marchori; N. Zorzi

2012-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

437

Upgrading Fischer-Tropsch LPG (liquefied petroleum gas) with the Cyclar process  

SciTech Connect

The use of the UOP/BP Cyclar{reg sign} process for upgrading Fischer-Tropsch (F-T) liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) was studied at UOP{reg sign}. The Cyclar process converts LPG into aromatics. The LPG derived from F-T is highly olefinic. Two routes for upgrading F-T LPG were investigated. In one route, olefinic LPG was fed directly to a Cyclar unit (Direct Cyclar). The alternative flow scheme used the Huels CSP process to saturate LPG olefins upstream of the Cyclar unit (Indirect Cyclar). An 18-run pilot plant study verified that each route is technically feasible. An economic evaluation procedure was designed to choose between the Direct and Indirect Cyclar options for upgrading LPG. Four situations involving three different F-T reactor technologies were defined. The main distinction between the cases was the degree of olefinicity, which ranged between 32 and 84 wt % of the fresh feed. 8 refs., 80 figs., 44 tabs.

Gregor, J.H.; Gosling, C.D.; Fullerton, H.E.

1989-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

438

NEPA CX Determination SS-SC-11-01 for SSRL Seismic Upgrade Phase 2  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1 for SSRL Seismic Upgrade Phase 2 1 for SSRL Seismic Upgrade Phase 2 National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Categorical Exclusion (CX) Determination A. SSO NEPA Control #: SS-SC-11-01 B. Brief Description of Proposed Action: The Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL) is proposing to upgrade a portion of the existing Stanford Positron-Electron Asymmetric Ring (SPEAR) to meet seismic standards. The proposed work includes : 1) the replacement of concrete roof blocks, placement of footings and new concrete walls, and installation of seismic connections at the old Beam Line 4; 2) the replacement of existing concrete roof blocks with precast roof blocks, placement of new footings, and installation of seismic anchors and connections at the northeast section of the

439

Energy Upgrades to Save Small Arizona Town Big Money | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Upgrades to Save Small Arizona Town Big Money Upgrades to Save Small Arizona Town Big Money Energy Upgrades to Save Small Arizona Town Big Money July 19, 2010 - 1:00pm Addthis An aerial shot of Oro Valley, Ariz.'s town hall campus shows proposed solar locations. | Photo courtesy of Oro Valley An aerial shot of Oro Valley, Ariz.'s town hall campus shows proposed solar locations. | Photo courtesy of Oro Valley Temperatures above 100 degrees mean that staying cool and being energy efficient is important to the small town of Oro Valley, Ariz. But finding the funds to do both can be a challenge. It was this heat - and the availability of a federal grant - that Bayer Vella, the town's conservation and sustainability manager, cited as a reason the city is forging ahead with energy retrofits and solar projects.

440

Increased security through open source  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we discuss the impact of open source on both the security and transparency of a software system. We focus on the more technical aspects of this issue, combining and extending arguments developed over the years. We stress that our discussion of the problem only applies to software for general purpose computing systems. For embedded systems, where the software usually cannot easily be patched or upgraded, different considerations may apply.

Jaap-Henk Hoepman; Bart Jacobs

2008-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "require upgrading increasing" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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441

The Use of TaBoRR as a Heavy Oil Upgrader  

SciTech Connect

Preliminary testing has shown that Western Research Institute's (WRI) Tank Bottom Recovery and Remediation (TaBoRR{reg_sign}) technology shows promise for heavy oil upgrading. Approximately 70 to 75 wt% of a Canadian Cold Lake bitumen feed was converted to a partially upgraded overhead product that could be transported directly by pipeline or blended with the parent bitumen to produce transportable crude. TaBoRR{reg_sign} was originally developed to remediate tank bottom wastes by producing a distillate product and solid waste. TaBoRR{reg_sign}'s processing steps include breaking a water-oil emulsion, recovering a light hydrocarbon fraction by distillation in a stripper unit, and pyrolyzing the residua reducing it to additional overhead and a benign coke for disposal. Cold Lake bitumen was tested in WRI's bench-scale equipment to evaluate the potential use of TaBoRR{reg_sign} technology for heavy oil upgrading to produce a stable, partially (or fully) upgraded product that will allow diluent-reduced or diluent-free transportation of bitumen or ultra-heavy crudes to market. Runs were conducted at temperatures of low, intermediate and high severity in the stripper to produce stripper overhead and bottoms. The bottoms from each of these runs were processed further in a 6-inch screw pyrolyzer to produce pyrolyzer overhead for blending with the corresponding stripper overheads. Proceeding in this fashion yielded three partially upgraded crudes. The products from TaBoRR{reg_sign} processing, the parent bitumen, and bitumen blends were subjected to stability and compatibility testing at the National Centre for Upgrading Technology (NCUT). Chemical analyses of the overhead product blends have met pipeline specifications for viscosity and density; however the bromine number does not, which might indicate the need for mild hydrotreating. Storage stability tests showed the blends to be stable. The blends were also soluble and compatible with most other Alberta crudes.

Lee Brecher; Charles Mones

2009-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

442

Polymers with increased order  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention features polymers with increased order, and methods of making them featuring a dense gas.

Sawan, Samuel P. (Tyngsborough, MA); Talhi, Abdelhafid (Rochester, MI); Taylor, Craig M. (Jemez Springs, NM)

1998-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

443

Building America Perspective and Overlay to the Energy Upgrade California Approach  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Perspective & Perspective & Overlay to the Energy Upgrade California Approach Driving demand through targeted neighborhood programs By Mark Berman, Alliance for Residential Building Innovation BA Residential Energy Efficiency Stakeholder Meeting - March 1, 2012 Austin, TX Relevant BAP Gaps & Barriers 1. Difficulty in recruiting homeowners to participate in home energy upgrade programs. (Recruitment) 2. Need to develop sustainable retrofit business models (Biz Models) - Review business models in Better Buildings Program & other programs 3. Data mining - need to analyze utility bills to get a sense of whole-house efficiency and savings (Aggregate Results) 2 Overview: Stockton CA

444

T/g upgrade adds 15 MW, extends unit life. [Turbogenerator  

SciTech Connect

This article describes turbogenerator upgrade at Maine Yankee's PWR. Maine Yankee Atomic Power Co.'s excellent experience in the upgrading and uprating of the two low-pressure (l-p) steam turbines at its only generating unit - an 865-MW, three-loop pressurized-water reactor installed in 1972 - has motivated the utility to also contract for replacement of both the high-pressure (h-p) steam path and the generator. ABB Power Generation Inc., North Brunswick, NJ, which retrofitted the l-p steam-path components, will handle the other two projects as well.

Not Available

1990-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Microsoft Word - NEGTN02-#214732-v2-FY_2013_NEUP_REACTOR_UPGRADE_FOA_.DOCX  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE FUNDING OPPORTUNITY ANNOUNCEMENT U. S. Department of Energy Idaho Operations Office Nuclear Energy University Programs - Reactor Upgrades Funding Opportunity Number: DE-FOA-0000815 Announcement Type: Initial CFDA Number: 81.121 Issue Date: December 13, 2012 Letter of Intent Due Date: Not Applicable Pre-Application Due Date: Not Applicable Application Due Date: May 20, 2013 Nuclear Energy University Programs - Reactor Upgrades DE-FOA-0000815 i Section I - FUNDING OPPORTUNITY DESCRIPTION ............................................ 1 Section II - AWARD INFORMATION .......................................................................... 2 A. TYPE OF AWARD INSTRUMENT ....................................................................

446

Fusion Nuclear Science Facility (FNSF) before Upgrade to Component Test Facility (CTF)  

SciTech Connect

The compact (R0~1.2-1.3m) Fusion Nuclear Science Facility (FNSF) is aimed at providing a fully integrated, continuously driven fusion nuclear environment of copious fusion neutrons. This facility would be used to test, discover, understand, and innovate scientific and technical solutions for the challenges facing DEMO, by addressing the multi-scale synergistic interactions involving fusion plasma material interactions, tritium fuel cycle, power extraction, and the nuclear effects on materials. Such a facility properly designed would provide, initially at the JET-level plasma pressure (~30%T2) and conditions (e.g., Hot-Ion H-Mode), an outboard fusion neutron flux of 0.25 MW/m2 while requiring a fusion power of 19 MW. If and when this research operation is successful, its performance can be extended to 1 MW/m2 and 76 MW by reaching for twice the JET plasma pressure and Q. High-safety factor q and moderate- plasmas would minimize plasma-induced disruptions, helping to deliver reliably a neutron fluence of 1 MW-yr/m2 and a duty factor of 10% presently anticipated for the FNS research. Success of this research will depend on achieving time-efficient installation and replacement of all components using extensive remote handling (RH). This in turn requires modular designs for all internal components, including the single-turn toroidal field coil center-post with RH-compatible bi-directional sliding joints. Such device goals would further dictate placement of support structures and vacuum seal welds behind the internal and shielding components. If these further goals could be achieved, the FNSF would provide a ready upgrade path to the Component Test Facility (CTF), which would aim to test, at higher neutron fluence and duty cycle, the demanding fusion nuclear engineering and technologies for DEMO. This FNSF-CTF strategy would be complementary to the ITER and the Broader Approach programs, and thereby help mitigate the risks of an aggressive world fusion DEMO R&D Program. The key physics and technology research needed in the next decade to manage the potential risks of this FNSF are identified.

Peng, Yueng Kay Martin [ORNL

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Benin: Increased Access to Modern Energy Project | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Benin: Increased Access to Modern Energy Project Benin: Increased Access to Modern Energy Project Jump to: navigation, search Name of project Benin: Increased Access to Modern Energy Project Location of project Benin Energy Services Lighting, Cooking and water heating, Space heating, Information and communications Year initiated 2009 Organization World Bank Website http://documents.worldbank.org Coordinates 9.30769°, 2.315834° References The World Bank[1] The objective of the Increased Access to Modern Energy Project is to improve reliability, efficiency, and access to modern energy services in Benin. There are three components to the project, the first component being electrical network upgrading. This component will provide for necessary investments to allow for continued operation of the existing transmission

448

GENII: The Hanford Environmental Radiation Dosimetry Software System: Volume 2, Users' manual: Hanford Environmental Dosimetry Upgrade Project  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Hanford Environmental Dosimetry Upgrade Project was undertaken to incorporate the internal dosimetry models recommended by the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) in updated versions of the environmental pathway analysis models used at Hanford. The resulting second generation of Hanford environmental dosimetry computer codes is compiled in the Hanford Environmental Dosimetry System (Generation II, or GENII). The purpose of this coupled system of computer codes is to analyze environmental contamination of, air, water, or soil. This is accomplished by calculating radiation doses to individuals or populations. GENII is described in three volumes of documentation. This second volume is a Users' Manual, providing code structure, users' instructions, required system configurations, and QA-related topics. The first volume describes the theoretical considerations of the system. The third volume is a Code Maintenance Manual for the user who requires knowledge of code detail. It includes logic diagrams, global dictionary, worksheets, example hand calculations, and listings of the code and its associated data libraries. 27 refs., 17 figs., 23 tabs.

Napier, B.A.; Peloquin, R.A.; Strenge, D.L.; Ramsdell, J.V.

1988-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Upgrading mild gasification liquids to produce electrode binder pitch: Final technical report, September 1, 1993--October 31, 1994  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The objective of this program is to investigate the production of electrode binder pitch, valued at $250--$300/ton, from mild gasification liquids. In the IGT MILDGAS process, the 400 C+ distillation residue (crude pitch) comprises up to 20 wt% of maf feed coal. The largest market for pitch made from coal liquids is the aluminum industry, which uses it to make carbon anodes for electrolytic furnaces. In this project, crude MILDGAS pitch is being modified by flash thermocracking to achieve binder pitch specifications. A 1-kg/h continuous unit has been built for operation up to 900 C at 2.5 atm, and parametric tests were conducted in N{sub 2}, H{sub 2} and 50% H{sub 2}/N{sub 2}. In general, thermocracking at 750--850 C in N{sub 2} resulted in a pitch which meets binder pitch requirements for QI, TI, softening point, and C:H ratio. Further improvements in density and sulfur content are required. Test anodes were prepared by Alcoa using the upgraded mild gasification pitch. All of the key anode properties (density, strength, resistivity, thermal properties, permeability, and reactivity) compared very favorably with those of electrodes made from a standard pitch binder.

Knight, R.A. [Inst. of Gas Technology, Chicago, IL (United States)

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

450

Process to upgrade coal liquids by extraction prior to hydrodenitrogenation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Oxygen compounds are removed, e.g., by extraction, from a coal liquid prior to its hydrogenation. As a result, compared to hydrogenation of such a non-treated coal liquid, the rate of nitrogen removal is increased.

Schneider, Abraham (Overbrook Hills, PA); Hollstein, Elmer J. (Wilmington, DE); Janoski, Edward J. (Havertown, PA); Scheibel, Edward G. (Media, PA)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

New Research Center to Increase Safety and Power Output of U.S. Nuclear  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

New Research Center to Increase Safety and Power Output of U.S. New Research Center to Increase Safety and Power Output of U.S. Nuclear Reactors New Research Center to Increase Safety and Power Output of U.S. Nuclear Reactors May 3, 2011 - 3:41pm Addthis Oak Ridge, Tenn. - Today the Department of Energy dedicated the Consortium for Advanced Simulation of Light Water Reactors (CASL), an advanced research facility that will accelerate the advancement of nuclear reactor technology. CASL researchers are using supercomputers to study the performance of light water reactors and to develop highly sophisticated modeling that will help accelerate upgrades at existing U.S. nuclear plants. These upgrades could improve the energy output of our existing reactor fleet by as much as seven reactors' worth at a fraction of the cost of building new reactors, while providing continued improvements in

452

DOE, City of Richland and Benton PUD Increase Fiber Optic Telecommunication  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

DOE, City of Richland and Benton PUD Increase Fiber Optic DOE, City of Richland and Benton PUD Increase Fiber Optic Telecommunication Capacity in Benton County - Upgrade improves communications at Hanford Site, schools and libraries DOE, City of Richland and Benton PUD Increase Fiber Optic Telecommunication Capacity in Benton County - Upgrade improves communications at Hanford Site, schools and libraries March 14, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis Fiber Optic Broadband Fiber Optic Broadband Media Contact Cameron Salony, 509-376-0402 Cameron.Salony@rl.doe.gov RICHLAND, Wash. - The Department of Energy (DOE), city of Richland, and Benton County's Public Utility District (Benton PUD) jointly implemented a high-capacity fiber optic cable in Richland and at the Hanford Site. The project will improve communications throughout the area.

453

Upgrade of Compressed Air Control System Reduces Energy Costs at Michelin Tire Plant. Office of Industrial Technologies (OIT) BestPractices Project Case Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This case study highlights the upgraded compressed air system at a Michelin tire manufacturing plant in Spartanburg, South Carolina. The controls upgrade project enabled multiple compressor operation without blow-off, and significantly reduced energy costs.

Not Available

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Mobile Visitors in Particular to Note Web Upgrade | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Mobile Visitors in Particular to Note Web Upgrade Mobile Visitors in Particular to Note Web Upgrade Mobile Visitors in Particular to Note Web Upgrade November 26, 2013 - 12:00pm Addthis WASHINGTON, D.C. - DOE recently launched changes to Energy.gov, which includes the public website for EM. Smartphone and tablet users are especially likely to notice the differences. The major Energy.gov upgrade features an expanded focus on consumer-oriented content and a responsive design that automatically optimizes the browsing experience on desktop computers and laptops as well as smartphones and tablets. Read more about the changes here. Addthis Related Articles Energy.gov now provides a browsing experience tailored to the device you're using. Introducing a More Responsive Energy.gov The Energy Department's main site, Energy.gov and its contents, are now available on the go. This allows users to access the Energy Departments' resources over a variety of mobile devices such as smart phones and tablets.

455

UPDATE TO PLAINS & EASTERN CLEAN LINE PROPOSAL FOR NEW OR UPGRADED TRANSMISSION LINE PROJECTS  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

UPDATE TO PLAINS & EASTERN CLEAN LINE PROPOSAL UPDATE TO PLAINS & EASTERN CLEAN LINE PROPOSAL FOR NEW OR UPGRADED TRANSMISSION LINE PROJECTS UNDER SECTION 1222 OF THE ENERGY POLICY ACT OF 2005 AUGUST 2011 Table of Contents 1. Executive Summary .......................................................................................................... 1 2. Project Update .................................................................................................................. 2 a. Jobs and Economic Development ........................................................................................................... 5 b. Interconnection Studies ............................................................................................................................. 6 c. Routing and Public Outreach ................................................................................................................... 7

456

Plant Modernization with Digital Reactor Protection System Safety System Upgrades at US Nuclear Power Stations  

SciTech Connect

As the current fleet of nuclear power plants in the US reaches 25+ years of operation, obsolescence is driving many utilities to implement upgrades to both their safety and non-safety-related Instrumentation and Control (I and C) Systems. Digital technology is the predominant replacement technology for these upgrades. Within the last 15 years, digital control systems have been deployed in non-safety- related control applications at many utilities. In addition, a few utilities have replaced small safety-related systems utilizing digital technology. These systems have shown digital technology to be robust, reliable and simpler to maintain. Based upon this success, acceptance of digital technology has gained momentum with both utilities and regulatory agencies. Today, in an effort to extend the operating lives of their nuclear stations and resolve obsolescence of critical components, utilities are now pursuing digital technology for replacement of their primary safety systems. AREVA is leading this effort in the United States with the first significant digital upgrade of a major safety system. AREVA has previously completed upgrades to safety-related control systems emergency diesel engine controls and governor control systems for a hydro station which serves as the emergency power source for a nuclear station. Currently, AREVA is implementing the replacement of both the Reactor Protection System (RPS) and the Engineered Safety Features Actuation System (ESFAS) on all three units at a US PWR site. (authors)

Heckle, Wm. Lloyd; Bolian, Tricia W. [AREVA NP, an AREVA and Siemens Company, 1345 Ridgeland Parkway, Suite 130 (United States)

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

457